WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Research project at Nagoya University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We will have a dedicated facility from General Ionex Corporation at the Radioisotope Center of Nagoya Univeriy in 1981 FY. The building to install the machine was already completed in March 1981. We have held meetings of potential users of the facility and various research proposals have been presented by the participants from many departments of the university. The present research project at Nagoya is mainly devoted to the development of radiocarbon dating by the accelerator mass spectrometry, in which most of the users are interested. There are many archeological and geological samples in Japan which have too little carbon compounds for analysis by conventional radioactivity measurements. Concentrations of 14C in these samples can be determined by the new technique. Some of the proposals connected with radiocarbon measurements are discussed

2

Abstract and research accomplishments of University Coal Research Projects  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Principal Investigators of the grants supported by the University Coal Research Program were requested to submit abstracts and highlight accomplishments of their respective projects in time for distribution at a conference on June 13--14, 1995 at Tennessee State University in Nashville, Tennessee. This book is a compilation of the material received in response to that request. For convenience, the 70 grants reported in this book are stored into eight technical areas, Coal Science, Coal Surface Science, Reaction Chemistry, Advanced Process Concepts, Engineering Fundamentals and Thermodynamics, Environmental Science, high Temperature Phenomena, and Special topics. Indexes are provided for locating projects by subject, principal investigators, and contracting organizations. Each extended abstract describes project objectives, work accomplished, significance to the Fossil Energy Program, and plans for the next year.

NONE

1995-06-01

3

Abstracts and research accomplishments of university coal research projects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Principal Investigators of the grants supported by the University Coal Research Program were requested to submit abstracts and highlight accomplishments of their projects in time for distribution at a grantees conference. This book is a compilation of the material received in response to the request. Abstracts discuss the following area: coal science, coal surface science, reaction chemistry, advanced process concepts, engineering fundamentals and thermodynamics, environmental science

4

Abstracts and research accomplishments of university coal research projects  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Principal Investigators of the grants supported by the University Coal Research Program were requested to submit abstracts and highlight accomplishments of their projects in time for distribution at a grantees conference. This book is a compilation of the material received in response to the request. Abstracts discuss the following area: coal science, coal surface science, reaction chemistry, advanced process concepts, engineering fundamentals and thermodynamics, environmental science.

1991-06-01

5

Research methodology : - A Project Guide for University Students  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This book deals with how students should use of research methods in their university projects. It aims at helping students in developing comprehensive research strategies for their projects. It also provides introduction to issues of philosophy of science as applied in the social sciences. That is it provides them with a fair understanding of the root assumptions that guide researchers in their investigations and how these assumptions inform their theoretical thinking and choice of methods.

Kuada, John

2012-01-01

6

The Design of Scientific Research Project Management System in Universities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Researching and designing the university scientific research project management system based on network is conducive to tracking, guiding and managing product life-cycle of the whole research procedure management of projects. It also can provide information support for the managers to make scientific research management decisions and contribute to advancing the management level of scientific research and management. Fully understanding the procedure of scientific research management system, the paper researched problems which are important to project management and designed the basic structure of the scientific research management system according to the manager’s demands. Adopting Myeclipse, Tomcat, Mysql development tools, the function models such as information publishment, achievement exhibition, project management and academic communication can be constructed. Therefore the goal of all-dimensional management of progress, resources and results can be realized. It can not only facilitate project directors to do comprehensivize management of project, but also helpful for the management sector to get the advanced progress information of all the internal scientific research projects. The management system can meet the need of academic institutions macro-management and decision demand of scientific activities, providing support for the project participators’ evaluation.

Shuyan SUN

2014-03-01

7

Institutional repository for research projects : Case of a research project at Nihon University  

Science.gov (United States)

We have participated in the “eSciDoc project” of National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Japan and Max Planck Institute, Germany. We have begun to experiment using the eSciDoc as an institutional repository for research results of the “development of functional materials based on design and control of crystal and electronic structures” in College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University of the “Strategic Research Base Development” Program for Private Universities subsidized by Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (2009).

Fujimori, Hiroki

8

University-Level Research Projects for High School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this project was to provide an opportunity for high school students to participate in university-level research projects. In this case, students from Pinkerton Academy (Derry, New Hampshire) were invited to participate in efforts to catalog data from the COMPTEL experiment on NASA's Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory (CGRO). These activities were part of a senior level honors course at Pinkerton. Although the success of this particular program was rather limited, we feel that the general concept is a sound one. In principle, the concept of partnerships between local schools and university researchers is one that could be especially attractive to soft money researchers. Programs can be carefully designed to benefit both the students and the research program.

McConnell, Mark L.

2000-01-01

9

University Intercommunication. The Nine Universities Research Project. Final Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many universities have already begun to explore the use of closed-circuit television (CCTV) for internal purposes. Provided that the equipment installed is of adequate quality and technically compatible with that of other universities, CCTV, supplemented by arrangements for recording on magnetic tape or on film, can provide a basis for…

Jackson, Brian, Ed.

10

Research projects and university education in mechatronics and robotics  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Purpose: of this paper: The paper is focused on presenting the outcome of the task set before its author by Professor Leszek A. Dobrzanski seven years ago, when he was a Dean of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of the Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice, Poland, concerning the development and implementation of the Faculty concept of research projects and education in automatic control, mechatronics and robotics.Design/methodology/approach: The assumptions of the task and short ...

S?wider, J.

2007-01-01

11

Research projects and university education in mechatronics and robotics  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Purpose: of this paper: The paper is focused on presenting the outcome of the task set before its author by Professor Leszek A. Dobrzanski seven years ago, when he was a Dean of the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering of the Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice, Poland, concerning the development and implementation of the Faculty concept of research projects and education in automatic control, mechatronics and robotics.Design/methodology/approach: The assumptions of the task and short description of the outcome of the activities undertaken for the creation of a laboratory infrastructure are provided, together with research scop formulation and commercial results of cooperation with industrial companies.Findings: Following several years of activities coordinated by the author, particularly good conditions of educating engineers in mechatronics have been provided, including a unique laboratory infrastructure that is used both for research schemes, commercial projects in mechatronics and robotics conducted for industrial companies.Practical implications: Practical implications include a unique laboratory infrastructure and well developed and implemented projects in the field of mechatronics.Originality/value: This is a brand new paper.

J. ?wider

2007-09-01

12

The Roles of University Researchers in a University-School Collaborative Action Research Project - A Chinese experience  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Teacher research as an international movement since the 1970s has been advocated worldwide to promote school curriculum reform and the professionalization of school teachers. University-school collaborative action research is a new attempt to support school teachers who learn to do research in their classrooms while providing opportunities for university researcher to develop a better understanding of classroom practice with more effective strategies to support teacher change. Such collaborative research has been promoted in the recent curriculum reform in basic education in China. This paper reports on an action research project conducted by school teachers supported by university researchers in the Chinese context with a focus on examining the roles and gains of university researchers in this project. Data was collected through project meeting observations, questionnaires, interviews and participants’ reflective journals. Both quantitative and qualitative analysis methods were used respectively for analyzing the data collected. The purpose of this study is to understand better the nature of such collaborations and the gains as well as challenges on the part of university researchers so that implications can be drawn for establishing a sound university-school collaborative research body that promotes the professional learning of both parties.

Qiang Wang

2013-10-01

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From School to University: The Study Habits Research Project Final Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

A research project on study habits was conducted at the University of Khartoum, Sudan. This report includes: (1) an overview of the university and the background to the study; (2) previous research on study habits undertaken at the University of Khartoum and elsewhere; (3) the project goals and procedures; (4) findings concerning language…

Douglas, Dan

14

The JAERI and Universities joint project research reports on the 4th joint research project between JAERI and Universities on backend chemistry  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the Joint Research Project between JAERI and Universities on Backend Chemistry, the 4th-term researches of it were performed on sixteen themes from April of 1999 to March of 2001 under the four categories, i.e. Nuclear-chemistry and physical-chemistry properties of actinides', 'Solid state chemistry and nuclear fuel engineering of actinides', 'Solution chemistry and technologies for separation and analysis of actinides' and Treatment of radioactive waste and environmental chemistry'. The present report compiled the papers contributed to the Joint Research Project. (author)

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The JAERI and Universities joint project research reports on the 4th joint research project between JAERI and Universities on backend chemistry  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In the Joint Research Project between JAERI and Universities on Backend Chemistry, the 4th-term researches of it were performed on sixteen themes from April of 1999 to March of 2001 under the four categories, i.e. Nuclear-chemistry and physical-chemistry properties of actinides', 'Solid state chemistry and nuclear fuel engineering of actinides', 'Solution chemistry and technologies for separation and analysis of actinides' and Treatment of radioactive waste and environmental chemistry'. The present report compiled the papers contributed to the Joint Research Project. (author)

NONE

2003-02-01

16

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF RESEARCH PROJECT ACTIVITIES PERFORMED AT MEDICAL UNIVERSITIES IN BULGARIA.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction: There are five Bulgarian medical universities in the cities of Sofia, Plovdiv, Varna, Pleven and Stara Zagora. A major priority of medical universities is to encourage research activities mainly aimed at preparation and implementation of research projects. Projects are managed by the participating organizations called “beneficiaries”. Beneficiaries develop projects, apply for finances and if approved they implement those projects.Aim: The purpose of our study is to examine the organizational structure of research project activities on the macro level and on the micro level in Bulgarian medical universities.Material and methods: In order to define the separate elements of the organizational structure and to analyze the relations and interaction between them we have applied a documentary and sociological approach. Results: During the last six years there was a significant increase in the number and the overall annual financial value of the projects performed at medical universities in Bulgaria. The reasons for such increase are: managers realizing the advantages of and benefits from the implementation of research projects ensuring high quality modernization of research units’ equipment and facilities; access to innovative technologies; development of interdisciplinary relations, etc. Benefits arising from improved results motivate us to consider as appropriate some additional investments aimed at increasing the number of team members and further optimization of the currently existing structures (research centers in charge of research with the purpose of achieving even better results in this particular field. Conclusion: The role of research project activities in medical universitiesresearch field is of vital importance for the educational institutions’ success. Taking into consideration the changed conditions, European possibilities and the highly competitive environment, realizing this aspect will be essential for the future research results for the relevant research institution.

Svetoslav Garov

2013-07-01

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Modular Pebble Bed Reactor Project, University Research Consortium Annual Report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This project is developing a fundamental conceptual design for a gas-cooled, modular, pebble bed reactor. Key technology areas associated with this design are being investigated which intend to address issues concerning fuel performance, safety, core neutronics and proliferation resistance, economics and waste disposal. Research has been initiated in the following areas: · Improved fuel particle performance · Reactor physics · Economics · Proliferation resistance · Power conversion system modeling · Safety analysis · Regulatory and licensing strategy Recent accomplishments include: · Developed four conceptual models for fuel particle failures that are currently being evaluated by a series of ABAQUS analyses. Analytical fits to the results are being performed over a range of important parameters using statistical/factorial tools. The fits will be used in a Monte Carlo fuel performance code, which is under development. · A fracture mechanics approach has been used to develop a failure probability model for the fuel particle, which has resulted in significant improvement over earlier models. · Investigation of fuel particle physio-chemical behavior has been initiated which includes the development of a fission gas release model, particle temperature distributions, internal particle pressure, migration of fission products, and chemical attack of fuel particle layers. · A balance of plant, steady-state thermal hydraulics model has been developed to represent all major components of a MPBR. Component models are being refined to accurately reflect transient performance. · A comparison between air and helium for use in the energy-conversion cycle of the MPBR has been completed and formed the basis of a master’s degree thesis. · Safety issues associated with air ingress are being evaluated. · Post shutdown, reactor heat removal characteristics are being evaluated by the Heating-7 code. · PEBBED, a fast deterministic neutronic code package suitable for numerous repetitive calculations has been developed. Use of the code has focused on scoping studies for MPBR design features and proliferation issues. Publication of an archival journal article covering this work is being prepared. · Detailed gas reactor physics calculations have also been performed with the MCNP and VSOP codes. Furthermore, studies on the proliferation resistance of the MPBR fuel cycle has been initiated using these code · Issues identified during the MPBR research has resulted in a NERI proposal dealing with turbo-machinery design being approved for funding beginning in FY01. Two other NERI proposals, dealing with the development of a burnup “meter” and modularization techniques, were also funded in which the MIT team will be a participant. · A South African MPBR fuel testing proposal is pending ($7.0M over nine years).

Petti, David Andrew

2000-07-01

18

The Benefits of Peer-Mentoring in Undergraduate Group Research Projects at The University of Arizona  

Science.gov (United States)

According to the American Institute of Physics, the number of graduate students enrolled in astronomy programs in the US has been steadily increasing in the past 15 years. Research experience is one of the key factors graduate admissions committees look for when choosing students. The University of Arizona Astronomy Club is setting a new precedent in research by having students introduce other students to research. This eases the transition to research projects, and allows students to work in a comfortable setting without the sometimes-overwhelming cognitive disconnect between a professor and their students. The University of Arizona's research projects have many benefits to all students involved. It is well established that people learn a subject best when they have to teach it to others. Students leading the projects learn alongside their peers in a peer-mentoring setting. When project leaders move on in their academic career, other project members can easily take the lead. Students learn how to work in teams, practice effective communication skills, and begin the processes of conducting a full research project, which are essential skills for all budding scientists. These research projects also give students hands-on research experience that supplement and greatly expand on concepts taught in the classroom, and make them more attractive to graduate schools and REU programs.

Hardegree-Ullman, Kevin; McGraw, A. M.; Towner, A. P.; Walker-LaFollette, A.; Robertson, A.; Smith, C.; Turner, J.; Biddle, L. I.; Thompson, R.

2013-06-01

19

Building World-Class Research University: The Brain Korea 21 Project  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluated the effects of South Korea's Brain Korea 21 (BK 21) project, a special research funding program designed to build world-class research university. The effects were measured by examining the frequency of article publications in SCI journals during the 1995-2005 period. The results of the analysis indicated that the growth of…

Shin, Jung Cheol

2009-01-01

20

Implementation of quality management in early stages of research and development projects at a university.  

Science.gov (United States)

The ultimate objective of university research and development projects is usually to create knowledge, but also to successfully transfer results to industry for subsequent marketing. We hypothesized that the university technology transfer requires efficient measures to improve this important step. Besides good scientific practice, foresighted and industry-specific adapted documentation of research processes in terms of a quality management system might improve the technology transfer. In order to bridge the gap between research institute and cooperating industry, a model project has been accompanied by a project specific amount of quality management. However, such a system had to remain manageable and must not constrain the researchers' creativity. Moreover, topics and research team are strongly interdisciplinary, which entails difficulties regarding communication because of different perspectives and terminology. In parallel to the technical work of the model project, an adaptable quality management system with a quality manual, defined procedures, and forms and documents accompanying the research, development and validation was implemented. After process acquisition and analysis the appropriate amount of management for the model project was identified by a self-developed rating system considering project characteristics like size, innovation, stakeholders, interdisciplinarity, etc. Employees were trained according to their needs. The management was supported and the technical documentation was optimized. Finally, the quality management system has been transferred successfully to further projects. PMID:24523303

Fiehe, Sandra; Wagner, Georg; Schlanstein, Peter; Rosefort, Christiane; Kopp, Rüdger; Bensberg, Ralf; Knipp, Peter; Schmitz-Rode, Thomas; Steinseifer, Ulrich; Arens, Jutta

2014-04-01

 
 
 
 
21

Annual Report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, Nuclear and Solid State Research Project, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 1977, 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator has been operated by the University's researchers and engineers. Except for the tank opening for regular inspection we met twice the troubles which forced to change the accelerating tube. The experiences teach us that it needs about 20 days to finish the conditioning after changing the accelerating tube. A sputter ion source of new version is now being installed on the top floor. Two devices for the detection of X-rays were tested. An apparatus for bombardment of samples in air for biological and medical sciences has been successfully used. The subjects of researches on nuclear physics cover the light-ion reactions, heavy-ion reactions and nuclear spectroscopy. A special emphasis has been put on the measurements on vector- and tensor-analyzing powers in the light-ion reactions, because of a higher efficiency of the polarized ion source. Elaborate works on the heavy-ion reactions including the angular correlation patterns and excitation functions have been made in parallel. Papers of these works are now being prepared, a few having been published already. Moreover, in the University of Tsukuba, a new research system, called Special Research Project on Nuclear and Solid State Sciences Using Accelerated Beams (Nuclear and Solid State Research Project) started in 1978 and will continue for five years. In this research project, researchers from various Institutes in the University of Tsukuba, as well as visiting researchers from other institutions in Japan and from abroad, participate. Using a variety of accelerated beams, i.e. of heavy, light and polarized beams, this research project aims mainly at the high excitation, short life, transient and inhomogeneous states both in nuclear and extra-nuclear world. It covers both fundamental research in nuclear, atomic and solid state sciences as well as their application in various fields. (J.P.N.)

22

The Global Climate and Energy Project at Stanford University: Fundamental Research Towards Future Energy Technologies  

Science.gov (United States)

The Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP), at Stanford University, invests in research with the potential to lead to energy technologies with lower greenhouse gas emissions than current energy technologies. GCEP is sponsored by four international companies, ExxonMobil, GE, Schlumberger, and Toyota and supports research programs in academic institutions worldwide. Research falls into the broad areas of carbon based energy systems, renewables, electrochemistry, and the electric grid. Within these areas research efforts are underway that are aimed at achieving break-throughs and innovations that greatly improve efficiency, performance, functionality and cost of many potential energy technologies of the future including solar, batteries, fuel cells, biofuels, hydrogen storage and carbon capture and storage. This paper presents a summary of some of GCEP's activities over the past 7 years with current research areas of interest and potential research directions in the near future.

Milne, Jennifer L.; Sassoon, Richard E.; Hung, Emilie; Bosshard, Paolo; Benson, Sally M.

23

Research projects  

Oct 2, 2009 ... This project aimed to provide a snapshot of the economic performance ... \\performance, and evaluated a number of hypothetical future management \\options. ... from EU quota restrictions for the purposes of scientific research.

24

Sustaining Community-University Partnerships: Lessons learned from a participatory research project with elderly Chinese  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The strength of community-engaged research has been well documented in public health literature. It is recognised as a useful approach for eliminating health disparities by linking research and practice. While the framework of community-engaged research encompasses a broad range of research collaborations, community-based participatory research (CBPR places most emphasis on involving the community as a full, equitable partner throughout the collaboration. Despite growing interest in and demand for community-university partnerships, less attention is given to the issue of partnership sustainability. The purpose of this article is to present the challenges faced in sustaining a community-university partnership when conducting a CBPR project with an elderly Chinese population in Chicago’s Chinatown. Lessons and strategies learned from the cultural and linguistic complexities of the Chinese community are also detailed. In addition, based on a well-accepted sustainability conceptual framework, we reflect on the initial stage, mid-term actions and long-term goals of developing partnership sustainability. Working with the Chinese community required trust and respect for its unique cultural values and diversity. The cultural, social and environmental contexts within which the partnership operated served as critical forces for long-term sustainability: a culturally sensitive approach is instrumental in sustaining community-university partnership. Also discussed are the significant implications for evidence-based, impact-driven partnerships to develop culturally appropriate strategies to meet the needs of diverse populations. Keywords Community-based participatory research, community health partnerships, health promotion, Chinese Americans, ageing

XinQi Dong

2011-11-01

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UPDATE ON ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE AT “ALEXANDRU IOAN CUZA” UNIVERSITY OF IASI: THE “CERNESIM” PROJECT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Following the identification of environmental studies as one of the critical medium and long-term priorities, and because of the institutional recognition of the need to increase the competitive capacity of “Alexandru Ioan Cuza University” (UAIC in the field, a task team has been assembled from within 5 faculties and assigned with the development of a project aiming at upgrading and increasing the overall capacity of the environmental research infrastructure of UAIC. The first outcome of this collaborative multi-faculty effort was a project proposal called “Integrated Centre for Environmental Science Studies in the North-East Development Region – CERNESIM”, seeking to shoulder the regional development in North-Eastern Romania. The proposal has been submitted to the Sectoral Operational Program “Increasing Economic Competitiveness”, Priority Axis 2 – CDI, Operation 2.2.1. In this communication, we share our experience of success despite recurrent difficulties: an experience which, we believe, has a double relevance in the actual context of UAIC in particular, as a leading performance-seeking university in Romania, but also in the context of Romania in general, in the present crisis context where science and innovation is seen in Europe as the engine for a true and healthy economic re-launch. The communication hereby focuses on the project rationale, as well as discussing the institutional and the technical roles of the Faculty of Biology in the process and within the wider field of environmental sciences.

NAELA COSTIC?

2010-01-01

26

Research project on accelerator-driven subcritical system using FFAG accelerator and Kyoto University critical assembly  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The KART (Kumatori Accelerator-driven Reactor Test facility) project started in Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto University in fiscal year 2002 with the grant by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. The purpose of this research project is to demonstrate the basis feasibility of accelerator driven system (ADS), studying the effect of incident neutron energy on the effective multiplication factor in a subcritical nuclear fuel system. For this purpose, a variable-energy FFAG (Fixed Field Alternating Gradient) accelerator complex is being constructed to be coupled with the Kyoto University Critical Assembly (KUCA). The FFAG proton accelerator complex consists of ion-beta, booster and main rings. This system aims to attain 1 ?A proton beam with energy range from 20 to 150 MeV with a repetition rate of 120 Hz. The first beam from the FFAG complex is expected to be available by the end of FY 2005, and the experiment on ADS with KUCA and the FFAG complex (FFAG-KUCA experiment) will start in FY 2006. Before the FFAG-KUCA experiment starts, preliminary experiments with 14 MeV neutrons are currently being performed using a Cockcroft-Walton type accelerator coupled with the KUCA. Experimental data are analyzed using continuous energy Monte-Carlo codes MVP, MCNP and MNCP-X. (author)

27

University of Alberta Flare Research Project : interim report November 1996-Jun 2000  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Flare Research Project at the University of Alberta is an ongoing multi year study into the emissions, combustion process and fluid mechanics related to flaring, which is commonly used in the energy and petrochemical industries to dispose of unwanted combustible gases by burning them in an open flame. This report focused on the emissions and efficiency of flares under operating conditions typical of solution gas flares. While most solution gas produced in Alberta is conserved, it is estimated that 6 per cent of these gases are flared with significant changes in the volumes flared from site to site. The median volume of flared or vented gas was approximately 60,300 m3/year and 95 per cent of battery sites flare and vent less than 1,000,000 m3/year. The goal of this project is to experimentally study the scaled-down generic pipe flares under well-controlled conditions to better understand the performance of flares. Research was conducted in a closed-loop wind tunnel to determine the effects of wind on flaring. Other objectives of the research are to develop methods for measuring the overall combustion efficiency of flares with either gaseous flare streams or those containing liquid droplets. Models for the scaling of plumes that disperse the products of combustion from flares as a function of wind speed, exit velocity and flare stack diameter were also examined. And finally, this research project measured the emissions of selected toxic compounds in both their vapor and soot phases. 38 refs., 10 tabs., 56 figs

28

University/industry research  

Science.gov (United States)

The problems encountered in mixing industrial and university research goals can be major, but so can the benefits. The National Science Board (NSB) recently released a report on “University-Industry Research Relationships: Selected Studies” (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1983). It is an analysis of the much-discussed new trend toward increased industrial funding of university research projects.University laboratories cannot generally solve industry's R&D problems. Success for the corporation in sponsoring academic research is realized in the value of cooperative research programs as training exercises for future industrial scientists. An occasional patent arising from such a project is considered an added benefit, not a primary goal.

Bell, Peter M.

29

University Of Alberta Flare Research Project: final report November 1996 - September 2004. 2. ed.  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This research program examined the emissions, combustion processes, and fluid mechanics related to flaring. This report focuses on the emissions and efficiencies of flares under operating conditions typical of solution gas flares. The topic of solution gas flaring and the environmental concerns associated with these flares is introduced. The research goals of the project, the approach adopted to conduct the research, and the specific objectives of the report are also presented. Generic pipe flares under well-controlled conditions were studied experimentally in order to understand the performance of flares in general. The research was conducted in wind tunnels where the wind speed, from a known direction, could be set to provide for control over the wind. The laboratory setting also allowed the researchers to blend together different gases to create a varied, but known, flare stream for testing. The majority of these tests were conducted at the University of Alberta within the confines of a closed-loop wind tunnel to test reduced-scale flares. This provided the foundation for subsequent testing and modeling regarding the characterization of flare performance. Experiments were also conducted at the National Research Council in Ottawa to test full-scale flares in a single-pass wind tunnel which served to verify and extend the experimental work accomplished at the University of Alberta. The study showed that smoking flares, a visible indication of soot being emitted, need to be avoided and that fuel droplets in the flare stream enhance the robustness of combustion and result in reduced inefficiencies. The final conclusion is that the combustion efficiency of unassisted solution gas flares could be very high and the emissions of potentially toxic compounds could be very low as long as the flare stream being burned has a relatively high energy density (approximately 20 MJ/m3 or higher), the flare stack size is designed appropriately for the flow rate of flare gas to maintain a reasonable minimum exit velocity in the order of 1 m/s, the composition of the flare stream has a low propensity to form and emit soot, and the flare stream does not contain materials that form other toxic compounds, such as chlorine in salt water. 52 refs., 15 tabs., 102 figs

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Reasons for resubmission of research projects to the research ethics committee of a University Hospital in São Paulo, Brazil  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: It is important to know the reasons for resubmitting research projects to the Research Ethics Committee in order to help researchers to prepare their research projects, informed consent forms and needed research documentation. OBJECTIVES: To verify the reasons for resubmitting projects [...] that were previously rejected by the Ethics Committee. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study that evaluated research projects involving human beings. Research projects were submitted in 2007 to the Research Ethics Committee of the Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. RESULTS: One thousand two hundred and fifty six research projects were submitted to the ethics committee and the average time for evaluating the research projects and related documents until a final decision was reached was 49.95 days. From the total, 399 projects were reviewed in 2 or more meetings until a final decision was reached. Of these, 392 research projects were included in the study; 35 projects were subsequently excluded for involving animals. Among the research projects included, 42.5% concerned research with new drugs, vaccines and diagnostic tests, 48.5% consisted of undergraduate students' research projects, 68.9% of the research had no sponsorship, and 97.5% were eventually approved. The main reasons for returning the projects to the researchers were the use of inadequate language and/or difficulty of understanding the informed consent form (32.2%), lack of information about the protocol at the informed consent form (25.8%), as well as doubts regarding methodological and statistical issues of the protocol (77.1%). Other reasons for returning the research projects involved lack of, inaccuracy on or incomplete documentation, need of clarification or approval for participation of external entities on the research, lack of information on financial support. CONCLUSION: Among the research projects that were returned to the researchers for additional clarification, the main reasons were inadequacies or doubts about the terms used in the informed consent form as well as lack of information regarding the research at the informed consent form and methodological and statistical issues regarding the protocol.

Mariana, Bueno; Maria Meimei, Brevidelli; Thaís, Cocarelli; Gianni Mara Silva dos, Santos; Maria Auxiliadora, Ferraz; Décio, Mion Jr..

31

Reasons for resubmission of research projects to the research ethics committee of a University Hospital in São Paulo, Brazil  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: It is important to know the reasons for resubmitting research projects to the Research Ethics Committee in order to help researchers to prepare their research projects, informed consent forms and needed research documentation. OBJECTIVES: To verify the reasons for resubmitting projects that were previously rejected by the Ethics Committee. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional study that evaluated research projects involving human beings. Research projects were submitted in 2007 to the Research Ethics Committee of the Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. RESULTS: One thousand two hundred and fifty six research projects were submitted to the ethics committee and the average time for evaluating the research projects and related documents until a final decision was reached was 49.95 days. From the total, 399 projects were reviewed in 2 or more meetings until a final decision was reached. Of these, 392 research projects were included in the study; 35 projects were subsequently excluded for involving animals. Among the research projects included, 42.5% concerned research with new drugs, vaccines and diagnostic tests, 48.5% consisted of undergraduate students' research projects, 68.9% of the research had no sponsorship, and 97.5% were eventually approved. The main reasons for returning the projects to the researchers were the use of inadequate language and/or difficulty of understanding the informed consent form (32.2%, lack of information about the protocol at the informed consent form (25.8%, as well as doubts regarding methodological and statistical issues of the protocol (77.1%. Other reasons for returning the research projects involved lack of, inaccuracy on or incomplete documentation, need of clarification or approval for participation of external entities on the research, lack of information on financial support. CONCLUSION: Among the research projects that were returned to the researchers for additional clarification, the main reasons were inadequacies or doubts about the terms used in the informed consent form as well as lack of information regarding the research at the informed consent form and methodological and statistical issues regarding the protocol.

Mariana Bueno

2009-01-01

32

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, Nuclear and Solid State Research Project, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the fifth annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, as well as the third of the Nuclear and Solid State Research Project at the University of Tsukuba. It contains the short descriptions of the activities during the period from April, 1979, to March, 1980. The 12 UD Pelletron has worked well and was utilized over 2900 hours as the time of beam on targets. The performance of the polarized ion source has been quite good, and it produced the beams of polarized protons and deuterons as well as of alpha particles. The sputter ion source (TUNIS) replaced the direct extraction duoplasmatron in most cases, and it produced the beams of isotopes of O, F, Si, Cl, Ni, Cu, etc., without gas injection. The construction of the second measuring room has been completed, and four beam courses are equipped with a general purpose scattering chamber, the devices for perturbed angular correlation, inner and outer shell ionization, and biological studies. The beam pulsing system was installed on the accelerator, and will be in operation soon. Further efforts have been made to develop detection and data processing systems. The examples of the recent researches mainly under the program of the NSSRP in various fields are enumerated. The exchange and collaboration with other institutions were active. (Kako, I.)

33

[Introduction of Shimane University's outside funded support project for female researchers and healthcare staff].  

Science.gov (United States)

Shimane University has started to provide facilities and services to female researchers and healthcare staff who have worked for the university or its hospital after 2007. This initiative had been supported by grants from the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology until 2010. Over time, it has become clear that these efforts, including a day-and-night nursery, day-care for sick children, temporary day-care, after-school programs, and research support system have effectively sustained female researchers and staff in maintaining a balance between private life and work. It is essential that the university devote part of its budget along with outside funding for continued childcare, which has so motivated these female employees. Moreover, it is expected that these efforts will become an effective recruitment tool for excellent young teachers and researchers. PMID:24066393

Tsumori, Toshiko

2013-09-01

34

Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre  

Science.gov (United States)

This website describes the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre's work utilizing luminescence and radiocarbon dating. Through this expansive website, visitors can learn about the centre's many research projects including radioactive contamination, isotope geology, and environmental gamma spectrometry.

2008-03-12

35

Proceedings of the seminar on the joint research project between JAERI and Universities. 'Actinide researches for 21st century - fusion between chemistry and engineering'. August 20-21, 1999, Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Japan  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Seminar on the Joint Research Project between JAERI and Universities was held in Tokai, August 20-21, 1999, to discuss future perspectives of the actinide researches for the nuclear fuel cycle. The papers related to the Joint Research Project on the Backend Chemistry were presented and discussed. The present report complies the papers contributed to the Seminar. (author)

36

Proceedings of the seminar on the joint research project between JAERI and Universities. 'Actinide researches for 21st century - fusion between chemistry and engineering'. August 20-21, 1999, Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Japan  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Seminar on the Joint Research Project between JAERI and Universities was held in Tokai, August 20-21, 1999, to discuss future perspectives of the actinide researches for the nuclear fuel cycle. The papers related to the Joint Research Project on the Backend Chemistry were presented and discussed. The present report complies the papers contributed to the Seminar. (author)

NONE

2000-06-01

37

Cornell University remote sensing program. [selected research projects in land and water resource management  

Science.gov (United States)

The major activities of the program staff from December 1, 1973 to May 31, 1974 are reported and include: (1) communication and instruction; (2) data and facilities; (3) research completed; (4) research in progress; (5) selected correspondence; (6) grant sponsored travel; and (7) seminars and newsletters. Detailed information and maps are given for the following selected projects: (1) ERTS mapping of waterways in the Tug Hill region of New York State; (2) photo-archeological investigation of Great Gully, New York; and (3) evaluation of selected highway impacts using aerial photography.

Liang, T.; Belcher, D. J.; Mcnair, A. J.

1974-01-01

38

Wealth, Cost, and the Undergraduate Student Experience at Large Public Research Universities. SERU Project and Consortium Research Paper. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE 13.11  

Science.gov (United States)

Relying primarily on the responses of a proportionally weighted sample of undergraduate students attending eighteen major public research universities (N greater than 300K, responses from greater than 130K, n greater than 40K) that are part of the Student Experience in the Research University Consortium, this paper concludes that students from…

Chatman, Steve

2011-01-01

39

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, Nuclear and Solid State Research Project, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

During the academic year 1980 - 1981, the 12 UD Pelletron tandem accelerator in UTTAC has experienced several troubles. The accelerator tank had to be opened six times including the scheduled overhaul. Due to these troubles, both the beam time and the chain operation time were reduced by 20% as compared with the preceding year. However, the beam pulsing system was completed, and pulsed beam has been in use. The polarized ion source and the sputter ion source have worked well. A heavy ion booster with interdigital H-structure was designed, and has been under construction. Special efforts have been exerted on the detectors and detector systems. The examples of the achievements mainly associated with the Nuclear and Solid State Research Project are enumerated as follows. The complete experiment on d-p system provided the data on nuclear three body problem. The information about the mechanism of two-nucleon transfer reaction (p,t) was obtained. The mechanisms of (p,p) and (p,d) reactions were clarified. The experiment on the measurement of the magnetic moment of ?-emitting products with polarized beam began. The properties of very highly excited states were clarified by the study of heavy ion-induced reactions. A new model for heavy ion fusion reaction was proposed. The mechanism of inner shell ionization was clarified by passing heavy ions through solids. (Kako, I.)

40

Motivating University Researchers  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents an empirical investigation into how universities approach the need and means for motivating university researchers through their management practices. The role of work motivation for this group deserves attention because pressures from outside and within the universities are said to have made university research less of a…

Hendriks, Paul; Sousa, Celio

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Proceedings of the symposium on the joint research project between JAERI and Universities. Status and perspective of the advanced radiation technology project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report describes the Proceedings of the Symposium on the Joint Research Project between JAERI and Universities -Status and Perspective of the Advanced Radiation Technology Project-, held at Tokyo on January 27, 1999. After a series of conferences which had been held at the second or third year to present the main activities of this unique collaborative project system, the symposium was particularly focused on critical reviewing of the project and on its future. The scientific papers presented were the recent achievements in the themes: 1) nuclear spectroscopy and nuclear materials science with an isotope separator on-line; 2) radiation shielding and nuclear data for use of accelerators; 3) materials analysis methods using ion beams; 4) microstructure in polymer materials irradiated with ions; 5) effects of transmutation products in fusion-reactor materials; 6) physiological study of plants using positron-emitting isotopes. The new theme titled 'Development and application of micro PIXE analysis in the atmospheric pressure' was proposed. Eight panelists discussed the future of the project. The 17 papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

NONE

2000-06-01

42

Final report for the Department of Energy funded cooperative agreement ''Electronic Research Demonstration Project'' [University electronic research administration demonstration project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is the final report for the Department of Energy (DOE) funded cooperative agreement ''Electronic Research Demonstration Project (DE-FC02-92ER35180)'' for the period August 1994-July 1998. The goal of the project, referred to as NewERA, was to demonstrate the use of open standards for electronic commerce to support research administration, otherwise referred to as Electronic Research Administration (ERA). The NewERA demonstration project provided a means to test interagency standards developed within the Federal Grant Electronic Commerce Committee, a group comprised of federal granting agencies. The NewERA program was initiated by DOE. NewERA was comprised of three separate, but related, ERA activities in preaward administration, postaward administration, and secure Internet commerce. The goal of New ERA was to demonstrate an open standard implementation of ERA using electronic data interchange, e-mail and Internet transaction security between grant applicants and DOE, along with t h e other participating agencies.

Rodman, John

1998-07-31

43

A Research Project Using the Safran Student Interest Inventory (SSII): Discriminant Analysis of University Majors.  

Science.gov (United States)

Safran Student Interest Inventory (SSII) data was gathered on 135 university students registered in five different faculties. A discriminant analysis of the data indicated that the SSII was a good test for separating students into faculties and therefore would make a good counselling instrument. Some results are also present using Differential…

Nichols, K. E.

44

Basic research projects  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The research programs under the cognizance of the Office of Energy Research (OER) are directed toward discovery of natural laws and new knowledge, and to improved understanding of the physical and biological sciences as related to the development, use, and control of energy. The ultimate goal is to develop a scientific underlay for the overall DOE effort and the fundamental principles of natural phenomena so that these phenomena may be understood, and new principles, formulated. The DOE-OER outlay activities include three major programs: High Energy Physics, Nuclear Physics, and Basic Energy Sciences. Taken together, these programs represent some 30 percent of the Nation's Federal support of basic research in the energy sciences. The research activities of OER involve more than 6,000 scientists and engineers working in some 17 major Federal Research Centers and at more than 135 different universities and industrial firms throughout the United States. Contract holders in the areas of high-energy physics, nuclear physics, materials sciences, nuclear science, chemical sciences, engineering, mathematics geosciences, advanced energy projects, and biological energy research are listed. Funding trends for recent years are outlined. (RWR)

1979-04-01

45

Basic research projects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The research programs under the cognizance of the Office of Energy Research (OER) are directed toward discovery of natural laws and new knowledge, and to improved understanding of the physical and biological sciences as related to the development, use, and control of energy. The ultimate goal is to develop a scientific underlay for the overall DOE effort and the fundamental principles of natural phenomena so that these phenomena may be understood, and new principles, formulated. The DOE-OER outlay activities include three major programs: High Energy Physics, Nuclear Physics, and Basic Energy Sciences. Taken together, these programs represent some 30 percent of the Nation's Federal support of basic research in the energy sciences. The research activities of OER involve more than 6,000 scientists and engineers working in some 17 major Federal Research Centers and at more than 135 different universities and industrial firms throughout the United States. Contract holders in the areas of high-energy physics, nuclear physics, materials sciences, nuclear science, chemical sciences, engineering, mathematics geosciences, advanced energy projects, and biological energy research are listed. Funding trends for recent years are outlined

46

Capacity Development and Strengthening for Energy Policy formulation and implementation of Sustainable Energy Projects in Indonesia CASINDO. Deliverable No. 16. Development and execution of pilot research projects at the CASINDO partner universities  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The overall objective of the CASINDO programme is to establish a self-sustaining and self-developing structure at both the national and regional level to build and strengthen human capacity to enable the provinces of North Sumatra, Yogyakarta, Central Java, West Nusa Tenggara and Papua to formulate sound policies for renewable energy and energy efficiency and to develop and implement sustainable energy projects. Each of the five Indonesian universities managed to develop pilot research projects and wrote research proposals to outline and strengthen their ideas. All of the universities also purchased equipment for the purpose of executing this research. UNCEN (Cenderawasih University, Jayapura, Papua, Indonesia) and UNDIP (Diponegoro University in Semarang, Java, Indonesia) managed to finalize their research within the project period and wrote reports on their results. The other universities could not yet present results due to delay in one or several of the steps within the procedure.

Wijnker, M. [Eindhoven University of Technology TUE, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

2011-09-15

47

Hydrogeology Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

This activity is for students to work in teams (2012) or individually (2013) to develop a project (such as a physical or numerical model), survey based research, case study, technical briefs on a remediation technology, etc. of the students' choice, based on their understanding of and interest in the subjects covered in the class. This is used in the GL 199 Hydrogeology course, which is offered through the Department of Geology and Environmental Sciences at Norwich University. This is an experimental course that has not made it to the course catalogue as yet. It is currently offered to students majoring in Geology, with an acknowledgement that a course in hydrogeology is a desirable component of a Geology curriculum. Environmental Science students are encouraged to take it to deepen their understanding of subsurface processes. This course is considered a science elective for Civil and Environmental Engineering majors, and greatly complements the Hydrology, and Soils and Materials classes that are a part of the regular CE&E curriculum. Students from freshmen through seniors across these three majors are accepted into the course. With a cross section of majors and academic years in the class, it was determined that a project that has students thinking about a topic of their choice and developing fundamental research and collaboration skills is critical to meeting common workplace demands.

Kulkarni, Tara

48

Annual report of the Tandem Accelerator Center, Nuclear and Solid State Research Project, University of Tsukuba  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

During the academic year of 1978 to 1979, the 12 UD pelletron tandem accelerator has operated successfully. Ion species used were polarized p, polarized d, ?(from the polarized ion source), p, d, 16O and 18O (from the direct extraction ion source), and C, O, Cu and Au (from the sputtering ion source). Improvements were made in the detector and data acquisition system. The data handling system 'SHINE' was completed and is in full operation. Research works are reported in individual summaries under the following chapters: accelerator and beam transport system, general equipments nuclear physics, atomic and solid-state physics, and biological and medical science and others. (Mori, K.)

49

University of Texas Inequality Project  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Texas Inequality Project (UTIP) is a small research group concerned with "measuring and explaining movements of inequality in wages and earnings and patterns of industrial changes around the world." The group applies cluster analysis, discriminant analysis, and Theil's T statistic to data from the US government, the Organisation for Co-operation & Development (OECD), and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and posts world-wide measures of inequality on-site. UTIP working papers are also available (1998-present) in addition to Inequality Watch -- a current awareness report on inequality in the US, Mexico, and Canada.

50

UNIVERSITY RESEARCH PROGRAM IN ROBOTICS, Final Technical Annual Report, Project Period: 9/1/04 - 8/31/05  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The University Research Program in Robotics (URPR) Implementation Plan is an integrated group of universities performing fundamental research that addresses broad-based robotics and automation needs of the NNSA Directed Stockpile Work (DSW) and Campaigns. The URPR mission is to provide improved capabilities of robotics science and engineering to meet the future needs of all weapon systems and other associated NNSA/DOE activities.

James S. Tulenko; Carl D. Crane III

2006-02-15

51

Experimental plasma research project summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The experimental plasma Research Branch has responsibility for developing a broad range of experimental data and new experimental techniques that are required for operating and interpreting present large-scale confinement experiments, and for designing future deuterium-tritium burining facilities. The Branch pursued these objectives by supporting research in DOE laboratories, other Federal laboratories, other Federal laboratories, universities, and private industry. Initiation and renewal of research projects are primarily through submission of unsolicited proposals by these institutions to DOE. Summaries of these projects are given

52

Invited series of talks and lectures at Yale University (USA) on Rolf Nordahl's research : Presentation of Rolf Nordahls research on Presence and the "Natural Interactive Walking" project (FET OPEN, FP7)  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Rolf Nordahl , Medialogy in Copenhagen, will be giving an invited series of lectures at Yale University, Connecticut, USA in the last week of March, 2010. Rolf has been invited to give talks to Professors, research fellows, Ph.D.'s and graduate students of Yale University (USA), on his research in several topics. The lectures will address his innovative experiments on using methods from Film and Filmsound to inform research in Computer Games and Virtual Reality applications with real-life examples from the Natural Interactive Walking (NIW) project - a EU-funded project headed at Aalborg University Copenhagen by himself and Associate Professor Stefania Serafin.

Nordahl, Rolf

53

From Collaborative Ethnography to Collaborative Pedagogy: Reflections on the Other Side of Middletown Project and Community-University Research Partnerships  

Science.gov (United States)

Here we reflect on the collaborative research, engagement, and pedagogical relationships and processes that gave rise to "The Other Side of Middletown," a collaborative ethnography written by a team of faculty, students, and community participants. We offer background on the project; discuss how collaborative researches engendered community-based…

Campbell, Elizabeth; Lassiter, Luke Eric

2010-01-01

54

The Implementation of Project and Research Activities in Working with Gifted Children in Terms of School—University Network Cooperation (Regional Aspect  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with regional experience in using modern strategies in teaching gifted children. The value of project and research activity is actualized as one of the most effective educational technologies in work with gifted children. The article shows examples of organization of combined project and research activities of student-teachers and pupils of specialized classes for gifted children within “school-university” framework. Such concepts as “ability”, “genius” and “talent” are classified according to a single base i.e. success. As a result the nature of giftedness in its current understanding is that it is not seen as static but as a dynamic characteristic meaning a talent existing only in movement, in the development and as a consequence, its development requires certain conditions. In our study, the project-research activity of gifted children is carried out in close collaboration with the students of the department of Russian and foreign philology at Kazan (Volga region Federal University within “school-university” framework. The special role of this form of cooperation is noted in the program and it is planned to involve the infrastructure of leading universities, innovative enterprises and creative industries to work with gifted children. A project named «Writing letters in English» has been developed to form communicative and socio-cultural skills of students.

Albina R. Abdrafikova

2014-11-01

55

Assessment of capacity for Health Policy and Systems Research and Analysis in seven African universities: results from the CHEPSAA project.  

Science.gov (United States)

The importance of health policy and systems research and analysis (HPSR+A) is widely recognized. Universities are central to strengthening and sustaining the HPSR+A capacity as they teach the next generation of decision-makers and health professionals. However, little is known about the capacity of universities, specifically, to develop the field. In this article, we report results of capacity self- assessments by seven universities within five African countries, conducted through the Consortium for Health Policy and Systems Analysis in Africa (CHEPSAA). The capacity assessments focused on both capacity 'assets' and 'needs', and covered the wider context, as well as organizational and individual capacity levels. Six thematic areas of capacity were examined: leadership and governance, organizations' resources, scope of HPSR+A teaching and research, communication, networking and getting research into policy and practice (GRIPP), demand for HPRS+A and resource environment. The self-assessments by each university used combinations of document reviews, semi-structured interviews and staff surveys, followed by comparative analysis. A framework approach, guided by the six thematic areas, was used to analyse data. We found that HPSR+A is an international priority, and an existing activity in Africa, though still neglected field with challenges including its reliance on unpredictable international funding. All universities have capacity assets, such as ongoing HPSR+A teaching and research. There are, however, varying levels of assets (such as differences in staff numbers, group sizes and amount of HPSR+A teaching and research), which, combined with different capacity needs at all three levels (such as individual training, improvement in systems for quality assurance and fostering demand for HPSR+A work), can shape a future agenda for HPSR+A capacity strengthening. Capacity assets and needs at different levels appear related. Possible integrated strategies for strengthening universities' capacity include: refining HPSR+A vision, mainstreaming the subject into under- and post-graduate teaching, developing emerging leaders and aligning HPSR+A capacity strengthening within the wider organizational development. PMID:24038107

Mirzoev, Tolib; Lê, Gillian; Green, Andrew; Orgill, Marsha; Komba, Adalgot; Esena, Reuben K; Nyapada, Linet; Uzochukwu, Benjamin; Amde, Woldekidan K; Nxumalo, Nonhlanhla; Gilson, Lucy

2014-10-01

56

Artificial Gravity Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Protecting the health, safety, and performance of exploration-class mission crews against the physiological deconditioning resulting from long-term weightlessness during transit and long-term hypogravity during surface operations will require effective, multi-system countermeasures. Artificial gravity (AG), which would replace terrestrial gravity with inertial forces generated by rotating the transit vehicle or by a human centrifuge device within the transit vehicle or surface habitat, has long been considered a potential solution. However, despite its attractiveness as an efficient, multi-system countermeasure and its potential for improving the environment and simplifying operational activities (e.g., WCS, galley, etc.), much still needs to be learned regarding the human response to rotating environments before AG can be successfully implemented. This paper will describe our approach for developing and implementing a rigorous AG Research Project to address the key biomedical research questions that must be answered before developing effective AG countermeasure implementation strategies for exploration-class missions. The AG Research Project will be performed at JSC, ARC, extramural academic and government research venues, and international partner facilities maintained by DLR and IMBP. The Project includes three major ground-based human research subprojects that will lead to flight testing of intermittent short-radius AG in ISS crewmembers after 201 0, continuous long-radius AG in CEV crews transiting to and from the Moon, and intermittent short-radius AG plus exercise in lunar habitats. These human ground-based subprojects include: 1) a directed, managed international short-radius project to investigate the multi-system effectiveness of intermittent AG in human subjects deconditioned by bed rest, 2) a directed, managed long-radius project to investigate the capacity of humans to live and work for extended periods in rotating environments, and 3) a focused, investigator-initiated project to investigate system-specific adaptation to and from rotating environments. The AG Research Project also includes two major animal research subprojects: 1) a directed, managed ground-based subproject using rodents and, possibly, sub-human primates, to address mechanistic issues that cannot be studied in humans, to rapidly develop higher sample numbers than can be achieved in the human subprojects, and to establish feasible parameter operating bands to reduce the breadth of the human subprojects, and 2) a flight subproject using rodents to estimate the physiological effects of long term exposure to hypogravity and to investigate the effects of contamination by terrestrial gravity in estimating AG effectiveness. The animal flight subproject would be performed aboard ISS using the CAM module in approximately the 2008-201 1 timeframe. The paper will first present an overview of the key biomedical research questions to be answered. It will then describe the overall approaches to be utilized in developing and implementing the AG Research Project, including definition of the intended scientific research, management and development approaches, identification of roles and responsibilities, risk management, and definition of project deliverables. The primary focus of the paper will be on the first of the three ground-based human research subprojects, since it is the only one currently in development and is scheduled to start active subject investigations in April of 2005.

Kamman, Michelle R.; Paloski, William H.

2005-01-01

57

Project management at a university  

Science.gov (United States)

Managing instrumentation projects, large or small, involves a number of common challenges-defining what is needed, desiging a system to provide it, producing it in an economical way, and putting it into service expeditiously. Doing these things in a university environoment provides unique challenges and opportunities not obtaining in the environment of large projects at NASA or national labs. I address this topic from the viewpoint of knowledge of two such projects, the development of OAO-2 at the University of Wisconsin and the relocation of Fairborn Observatory to the Patagonia Mountains in Arizona, as well as my own developemnt of the Tennessee State 2-m Automatic Spectroscopic Telescope. For the university environment, I argue for a more traditional management style that relies on more informal techniques than those used in large-scale projects conducted by big bureaucratic institutions. This style identifies what tasks are really necessary and eliminates as much wasteful overhead as possible. I discuss many of the formalities used in project management, such as formal reviews (PDR, CDR, etc.) and Gantt charts, and propose other ways of acheving the same results more effectively. The university environment acutely requires getting the right people to do the project, both in terms of their individual personalities, motivation, and technical skills but also in terms of their ability to get on with one another. Two critical challenges confronting those doing such projects in universities are 1) keeping the contractors on task (the major challenge to anyone doing project management) and 2) dealing with the purchasing systems in such institutions.

Eaton, Joel A.

2006-06-01

58

Geomorphology Field Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this research project is to allow students to integrate and apply their geomorphic knowledge in a comprehensive study of a local landscape system. In this project, students investigate the origin and significance of a series of flat-topped mesas and isolated hills that rise above the gently sloping surface of alluvial fans along the San Gabriel Mountain foothills. Students work as part of a research team of 3 or 4 members. Each team is assigned a different field area and conduct a comprehensive geomorphic investigation of landforms within that area. Team members are expected to work collaboratively to formulate a research plan, complete a background literature search, and conduct independent fieldwork outside of class time. Each team divides up responsibilities as they see fit. At the end of the quarter, each team presents the results of their research in an oral presentation in front of the class, and in a professional written report submitted to the professor. Designed for a geomorphology course

Marshall, Jeff

59

Government-University-Industry-Research Roundtable  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Roundtable projects active during 1993 are described in this section. Projects completed in prior years are not included here, but publications resulting from them are included in the list of publications which are attached. Such prior projects include nurturing science and engineering talent, research facility financing, multidisciplinary research and education, university-industry-federal laboratory partnerships, and federal-state cooperation in science and technology.

1995-02-01

60

Tuition fees and funding – barriers for non-traditional students? First results from the international research project Opening Universities for Lifelong Learning (OPULL)  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Project OPULL – Opening Universities for Lifelong Learning – is undertaking research into ways of opening up higher education to vocationally qualified and experienced target groups in four European countries. Open university models in Germany, Denmark, Finland and the United Kingdom are being investigated in three research phases between 2009 and 2012 with the aim of identifying critical success factors for building open universities for Europe. This paper presents the first phase, in which educational systems in the participant countries have been mapped and interviews with lifelong learning experts undertaken. The current situation and perspectives in each country together with critical issues on how fees and funding influence higher education access for non-traditional students in these countries are discussed and explored through the interview evidence. The initial findings of the first phase of the project indicate that while the long-term effect of an increase in tuition fees for non-traditional students is not yet known, current evidence suggests that other factors such as the recognition of vocational and experiential learning will most likely have an impact on widening participation in higher education.

Moissidis, Sonja; Schwarz, Jochen

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

New Mexico State University's Computing Research Laboratory  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Computing Research Laboratory (CRL) at New Mexico State University is a center for research in artificial intelligence and cognitive science. Specific areas of research include the human-computer interface, natural language understanding, connectionism, knowledge representation and reasoning, computer vision, robotics, and graph theory. This article describes the ongoing projects at CRL.

Wilks, Yorick; Gomez, Rebecca

1988-01-01

62

The electron beam treatment of volatile organic pollutants contained in flue gases. Research project in Tsinghua University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper presents the volatile organics pollutants caused by the coal burning, including the large boiler, incinerator and Industrial boilers. Recent studies show that chlorinated aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons are suspected to the precursors of dioxin's formation. Electron beam process is a possible way to reduce the emission of VOCs and simultaneous reduced the SO2, NOx, small particles and CO2 emission. A research project has been planned, to develop an E-beam technology to evaluation of degradation effects of organic pollutants in gaseous phase, studying mechanism of the process on theoretical and experimental way to limit formation of toxic byproducts, to evaluate the VOC removed effects via E-beam dose under different conditions. The new developed E-Beam process could be the one of best candidate to reach the goal with high efficiency, low capital cost and operation cost reliable and economical way without second pollutants (author)

63

Research Podcast Project  

Science.gov (United States)

This assignment is a small, independent research project to be conducted by the students in a moderately large, introductory geology lecture class. It uses the Moodle workshop module and the particular software and hardware available on Bryn Mawr College's campus in 2012, but is widely adaptable to other settings and resources. This project represents an updated assignment and, based on outcomes, a dramatic improvement over past research presentation projects used in our Geology 101 class (i.e. written papers and poster sessions). While the level of instructor preparation necessary is high for the first time this project is implemented, rewards are likewise high and preparations in subsequent years are relatively straightforward. A set of instructions that can be modified and provided to students is available under the assignment heading below. Ã Hide Caption Screen capture image of the admin view of the successful Moodle workshop activity after it has been fully completed. Note that the point values in this particular assessment run added up to more than 100 points. Provenance: Lynne Elkins, Bryn Mawr College Reuse: This item is offered under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ You may reuse this item for non-commercial purposes as long as you provide attribution and offer any derivative works under a similar license. I developed, tested, and then refined this project for a Geology 101 class that is sometimes team-taught. It replaced previous independent student research projects that variably assigned 5-page research papers (due to large class size and syllabus timing, papers in this class were difficult to assess in a useful way that gave students a chance to revise drafts with incorporated feedback) and in-class poster sessions on independent research topics (increasingly difficult to do with our aging, ailing large-format plotter). Our campus also began testing and implementing Moodle as our campus course management software at the same time that I began trial tests of this project. Refining the project later included working with our computer and media labs on campus to pinpoint the best resources for our students to record their presentations. Ã Hide Caption Screen capture of editing menus for setting up and modifying the Moodle Workshop activity, with some suggested settings. Note that the instructions within Moodle defining each option are overall reasonably clear, and many other ways of setting up the module are possible. Provenance: Lynne Elkins, Bryn Mawr College Reuse: This item is offered under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ You may reuse this item for non-commercial purposes as long as you provide attribution and offer any derivative works under a similar license. Implementation of this project does require initial research on the part of the instructor into campus resources and course or assignment management software, as well as a briefer annual update to those resources whenever the course is taught again. It was designed for use with a Moodle course management software package that included the Workshop module. Other course management packages, or assignment and peer evaluation software (e.g. iPeer) are capable of similar approaches, but the instructions will need to be adapted directly to the software being used. The sample instructions provided are particular to our campus as of 2012, and will need to be modified both as resources change from year to year, and for implementation on other campuses. They nonetheless provide good examples and suggestions for some of the available software out there for this type of technical work, and demonstrate the instructional components I have found it helpful to give our students for this project to run smoothly. I strongly encourage working with the appropriate technical/IS/computer lab staff on your campus in order to make this work. While the preparatory work is thus intensive, particularly in the fir

Elkins, Lynne

64

University of Montreal: Fungal Mitochondrial Genome Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Supported by the Medical Research Council of Canada, the Fungal Mitochondrial Genome Project (FMGP) is a project of B. Franz Lang and his research group at the University of Montreal. Three "goals of FMGP are to (i) sequence complete mitochondrial genomes from all major fungal lineages, (ii) infer a robust fungal phylogeny, (iii) define the origin of fungi, their protistan ancestors, and their specific phylogenetic link to the animals..." The FMGP website contains information pages for Allomyces macrogynus, Phytophthora infestans, Aspergillus nidulans, and Schizosaccharomyces pombe--to name a few. Site visitors can also link to brief information sections about Global Fungal Phylogeny; tRNA editing in lower fungal mtDNAs; DNA Purification and Cell Cultures; and a collection of mitochondrial protein sequences. From Dr. Lang's homepage, visitors can view a list of numerous publications (some with hyperlinked abstracts). In addition, the FMGP site links to related research projects at the University of Montreal as well as to online fungal resources at Cornell University and the University of Georgia.

65

Experimental plasma research project summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the latest in a series of Project Summary books going back to 1976 and is the first after a hiatus of several years. They are published to provide a short description of each project supported by the Experimental Plasma Research Branch of the Division of Applied Plasma Physics in the Office of Fusion Energy. The Experimental Plasma Research Branch seeks to provide a broad range of experimental data, physics understanding, and new experimental techniques that contribute to operation, interpretation, and improvement of high temperature plasma as a source of fusion energy. In pursuit of these objectives, the branch supports research at universities, DOE laboratories, other federal laboratories and industry. About 70 percent of the funds expended are spent at universities and a significant function of this program is the training of students in fusion physics. The branch supports small- and medium-scale experimental studies directly related to specific critical plasma issues of the magnetic fusion program. Plasma physics experiments are conducted on transport of particles and energy within plasma and innovative approaches for operating, controlling, and heating plasma are evaluated for application to the larger confinement devices of the magnetic fusion program. New diagnostic approaches to measuring the properties of high temperature plasmas are developed to the point where they can be applied with confidence on the large-scale confinement experiments. Atomic data necessary for impurity control, interpretation of diagnostic data, development of heating devices, and analysis of cooling by impurity ion radiation are obtained. The project summaries are grouped into these three categories of plasma physics, diagnostic development and atomic physics

66

Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo  

Science.gov (United States)

The Earthquake Research Institute (ERI) at the University of Tokyo acts as the primary association for fundamental geophysical research in Japan and oversees the Earthquake Predication Center and the Volcanic Eruption Prediction Program. The website offers the latest earthquake and volcano news. While a few of the research projects are described only in Japanese, visitors can learn about the Ocean Hemisphere Network Project, Special Project for Earthquake Disaster Mitigation in Urban Areas, and the Marine Seismic Survey. The web site offers links to numerous earthquake databases and to the Institute's many research centers.

67

University Research Consortium annual review meeting program  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This brochure presents the program for the first annual review meeting of the University Research Consortium (URC) of the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). INEL is a multiprogram laboratory with a distinctive role in applied engineering. It also conducts basic science research and development, and complex facility operations. The URC program consists of a portfolio of research projects funded by INEL and conducted at universities in the United States. In this program, summaries and participant lists for each project are presented as received from the principal investigators

68

New Paradigms: The Research University in Society.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research universities make enormous social contributions in areas like medicine and science, but many habits (racism, sexism, funding old projects) must change to encourage social research and reform. Public education needs restructuring with a commitment to disadvantaged students to ensure the country's future. (SM)

Shalala, Donna E.

1991-01-01

69

Bringing Students out of the Classroom and into Research Projects: An Undergraduate Team Research (UTR) Program at the University of Southern California  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2006, USC Earth Sciences professors Paterson and Anderson created the Undergraduate Team Research (UTR) program, a year-long, multidisciplinary, learner-centered, student research experience. This program is open to all USC undergraduate students, but has also involved a few outstanding undergraduate students from other universities. Since its inception the 47 participants have been a diverse group: 53% women, ~17% minorities, and 43% non-Earth Science majors. To date, 15 abstracts written by UTR participants have been presented at national GSA and AGU meetings and several research papers for publication are in preparation. 12 presentations have been produced at University-sponsored research symposia and culminated in a number of senior theses. The central component of this program is a field-based research experience which involves several weeks of geologic mapping in various locations around the world. During the summer expedition, participants organize themselves into 3-4 person mapping teams consisting of a mix of undergraduate geology majors, non-majors, and mentors (professors and graduate students). At the end of each day, student researchers (with limited mentoring) work together to draft a geologic map while discussing their findings, formulating hypotheses about possible geologic histories, and planning research goals and organizing mapping teams for the next day. Throughout the following academic year, the student researchers continue to work in teams to digitize their geologic map, decide which analyses need to be done, and prepare collected rock samples for various structural, geochemical, and geochronologic studies. Most student researchers agree that they learned more in a few weeks than they often did in an entire semester course. What aspects of the UTR program elicit these high-yield results, even for non-majors that can be applied to other learning environments? We speculate that three critical elements are important: (1) The most notable is the collaborative nature, both in regards to the research itself and meeting the daily demands of living in the backcountry or a foreign country while working together as a research group. Students divided tasks amongst themselves while instructing and helping each other. Students with more geology expertise were able to reinforce their own knowledge by assisting in the teaching process that led to more rapid learning for the newcomers. (2) Student researchers developed a greater feeling of ownership in the program, which led to a greater commitment to learning and to sharing a broad range of ideas about both science and non-science activities. (3) Researchers are rewarded not only through grades, but through the excitement of daily new scientific discoveries, the joint publications of their research, and recognition by their peers. It is intriguing to speculate on what would happen if classrooms and particularly labs were designed to function as collaborative, student- run exercises with the ultimate goal to not only learn a subject, but also produce research papers on the class material.

Cox, I. V.; Quirk, M.; Culbert, K. N.; Whitesides, A. S.; Sun, H.; Black, C. J.; Cao, W.; Zhang, T.; Paterson, S. R.; Memeti, V.; Anderson, J. L.

2010-12-01

70

The Galileo Project: Rice University  

Science.gov (United States)

Hosted by Rice University, the Galileo Project "is a hypertext source of information on the life and work of Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) and the science of his time." One highlighted section entitled Galileo's Daughter (in reference to a recent book by Dava Sobel) includes 124 letters from Maria Celeste to Galileo--an excellent primary resource for those interested in the study of women in early modern Europe. Other sections are entitled Galileo's Villa, Resources (including a bibliography and a searchable catalog of the scientific community of Galileo's era), and Maps of Galileo's World.

Burr, Elizabeth S.; Albert., Van H.

1996-01-01

71

University of Tennessee: Hydrogeology Research Program  

Science.gov (United States)

The hydrogeology research program at the University of Tennessee developed this website to promote its investigation related primarily to groundwater flow and contaminant transport. After reading an overview of the program and its facilities, visitors can discover the endeavors and successes of the numerous researchers. Users can find information and publications discussing the three featured research projects: Chattanooga Creek, Pathogen Transport, and Saprolite Pore Structure; as well as materials on other recent projects. Students can discover the program's three excellent field teaching sites and research opportunities.

72

Growing an Emerging Research University  

Science.gov (United States)

The emerging research college or university is one of the most formidable resources a region has to reinvent and grow its economy. This paper is the first of two that outlines a process of building research universities that enhance regional technology development and facilitate flexible networks of collaboration and resource sharing. Although the…

Birx, Donald L.; Anderson-Fletcher, Elizabeth; Whitney, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

73

Experimental Plasma Research project summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report contains descriptions of the activities supported by the Experimental Plasma Research Branch of APP. The individual project summaries were prepared by the principal investigators and include objectives and milestones for each project. The projects are arranged in six research categories: Plasma Properties; Plasma Heating; Plasma Diagnostics; Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Physics; Advanced Superconducting Materials; and the Fusion Plasma Research Facility (FPRF). Each category is introduced with a statement of objectives and recent progress and followed by descriptions of individual projects. An overall budget summary is provided at the beginning of the report

74

Experimental plasma research project summaries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report contans descriptions of the activities supported by the Experimental Plasma Research Branch of APP. The individual project summaries were prepared by the principal investigators and include objectives and milestones for each project. The projects are arranged in six research categories: Plasma Properties; Plasma Heating; Plasma Measurements and Instrumentation; Atomic, Molecular and Nuclear Physics; Advanced Superconducting Materials; and the Fusion Plasma Research Facility (FPRF). Each category is introduced with a statement of objectives and recent progress and followed by descriptions of individual projects. An overall budget summary is provided at the beginning of the report.

1978-08-01

75

Project PROVE: Research Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Project PROVE (Parolees and Probationers Realize Opportunities via Education) provides adult literacy and General Educational Development (GED) test preparation for paroled offenders in Louisville, Kentucky. Released offenders are either required or encouraged to attend the program by their parole officers. Interviews with 12 program participants,…

Potts, Meta; Tichenor, Jean

76

The History Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Matt Estes, a social studies teacher, mentions the main instructional goals for his students like understanding the importance of proper citation and attribution presenting the Machiavelli project that deals with the skills he wants his students to develop and the course material that must be covered. In addition, Ann Brady, a library media…

Estes, Matt; Brady, Ann

2005-01-01

77

Alaska's Secondary Science Teachers and Students Receive Earth Systems Science Knowledge, GIS Know How and University Technical Support for Pre- College Research Experiences: The EDGE Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Alaska's secondary school teachers are increasingly required to provide Earth systems science (ESS) education that integrates student observations of local natural processes related to rapid climate change with geospatial datasets and satellite imagery using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology. Such skills are also valued in various employment sectors of the state where job opportunities requiring Earth science and GIS training are increasing. University of Alaska's EDGE (Experiential Discoveries in Geoscience Education) program has provided training and classroom resources for 3 cohorts of inservice Alaska science and math teachers in GIS and Earth Systems Science (2005-2007). Summer workshops include geologic field experiences, GIS instruction, computer equipment and technical support for groups of Alaska high school (HS) and middle school (MS) science teachers each June and their students in August. Since 2005, EDGE has increased Alaska science and math teachers' Earth science content knowledge and developed their GIS and computer skills. In addition, EDGE has guided teachers using a follow-up, fall online course that provided more extensive ESS knowledge linked with classroom standards and provided course content that was directly transferable into their MS and HS science classrooms. EDGE teachers were mentored by University faculty and technical staff as they guided their own students through semester-scale, science fair style projects using geospatial data that was student- collected. EDGE program assessment indicates that all teachers have improved their ESS knowledge, GIS knowledge, and the use of technology in their classrooms. More than 230 middle school students have learned GIS, from EDGE teachers and 50 EDGE secondary students have conducted original research related to landscape change and its impacts on their own communities. Longer-term EDGE goals include improving student performance on the newly implemented (spring 2008) 10th grade, standards-based, High School Qualifying Exam, on recruiting first-generation college students, and on increasing the number of Earth science majors in the University of Alaska system.

Connor, C. L.; Prakash, A.

2007-12-01

78

Research and the Universities' Image  

Science.gov (United States)

Traditionally, and from a Humboltian perspective, research was conceived as an important part of the tripartite mission of universities, with teaching and services to the community being the other two. The traditional idea of universities as cultural and social institutions is increasingly being replaced by another: the entrepreneurial, capitalist…

Santiago, Rui; Carvalho, Teresa; Relva, Rosario

2008-01-01

79

Carnegie Mellon University: Autonomous Helicopter Project  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of the Carnegie Mellon University Autonomous Helicopter Project is to develop a vision-guided robot helicopter that can self-start, take off, safely fly to a designated area, search for and locate a designated object, track or pursue objects, and return home, all "within any weather conditions and using only on-board intelligence and computing power.ïÿý Recent flight tests of the linear robust controller for the Yamaha R-50 Robotic Helicopter are presented along with some animation videos. Some applications for the technologies are also described and include search and rescue, surveillance, law enforcement, inspection, mapping, and aerial cinematography. In addition, the site discusses some of the capabilities project researchers have developed over the years, such as vision-based stability and control, autonomous takeoff, trajectory following and landing, aerial mapping, and object recognition and manipulation. Publications are listed online and available upon request.

80

New Mexico State University Arrowhead Center PROSPER Project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This document is the final technical report of the Arrowhead Center Prosper Project at New Mexico State University. The Prosper Project was a research and public policy initiative funded by the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). The Prosper project (DOE Grant Number DE-NT0004397) began on October 1, 2008 (FY2009, Quarter 1) and ended on December 31, 2012 (FY2013, Quarter 1). All project milestones were completed on time and within the budget. This report contains a summary of ten technical reports resulting from research conducted during the project. This report also contains a detailed description of the research dissemination and outreach activities of the project including a description of the policy impacts of the project. The report also describes project activities that will be maintained after the end of the project.

Peach, James

2012-12-31

 
 
 
 
81

Ultracomputer research project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The NYU Ultracomputer project continues to pioneer the study of architecture and software for large-scale, shared-memory parallel computers. During this past year, we have achieved several very significant milestones, most notably we fabricated and used that first-ever combining switches and we increased our industrial involvement. Other important accomplishments include porting our Symunix operation system to Ultra 3 prototypes; further developing a very high quality, portable C compiler needed for our prototypes, that has attracted considerable commercial attention; producing a fast solver for Laplace's equation on multiply connected domains; and furthering the analysis of buffered interconnection networks and parallel random number generators. In addition to further developments in the areas mentioned above, we plan two new activities for next year. First, we will obtain extensive measurements of the effect of combining on scientific and other application software using both the Ultra 3 hardware prototypes and a new simulation environment that we are presently constructing. Our successful VLSI development of combining switches has already demonstrated that the additional cost for combining is about 100% using modest packaging 50% with 300 pins, and zero given next generation densities and 400 pins. Hopefully, these chips will refute the often-quoted claim that combining increases the cost of the network by a factor of between 6 and 30. Second, we will port our operating system to the new NCR series of Intel 486-based multiprocessors. NCR has agreed to donate a machine during the first quarter of 92 for this effort, which will strengthen the ties between our project and NCR.

Gottlieb, A.

1991-10-01

82

PhD Research Fellowship, Norwegian University of Science and ...  

Nov 29, 2013 ... Home · About · Learning ... PhD Research Fellowship, Norwegian University of \\Science and Technology ... as research fellow (PhD position) within Lighthouse \\Project: Open and Autonomous Digital Ecosystems (OADE).

83

Experimental Plasma Research. Project summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This is the fifth in a series of Project Summary books going back to 1976. They are issued approximately every two years and provide a short description of each project supported by the Experimental Plasma Research Branch of the Division of Applied Plasma Physics in the Office of Fusion Energy

84

University of Alberta Flare Research Project : characterization of gases and liquids flared at battery sites in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Flare Research Project at the University of Alberta is an ongoing multi year study into the emissions, combustion process and fluid mechanics related to flaring, which is commonly used in the energy and petrochemical industries to dispose of unwanted combustible gases by burning them in an open flame. This report presents the results of one phase of the study which characterizes the nature and relative quantities of gases and liquids being flared at seven battery sites in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin. A sampling system was specially developed to collect and analyze both the gas and liquid component of the flare stream. The analysis was performed by an independent chemical analysis company. Results indicate that no liquids were collected or observed at any of the sites, dispelling the assumption that liquids are commonly found in flare streams. Analysis of the gas phase showed a wide variation in the volume fraction of fuel and inert components. No correlation was made to link the appearance of smoke at a flare site to the composition of the flare gases. The preliminary tests provide the foundation for recommendations for future work regarding sampling programs and issues of combustion efficiency tab., 4 figs., 1 appendix

85

University of Alberta Flare Research Project : characterization of gases and liquids flared at battery sites in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Flaring is commonly used in the energy and petrochemical industries to dispose of unwanted combustible gases by burning them in an open flame. The Flare Research Project at the University of Alberta is an ongoing multiyear study into the emissions, combustion process and fluid mechanics related to flaring. This report presents the results of one phase of the study which characterizes the nature and relative quantities of gases and liquids being flared at seven battery sites in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin. A sampling system was specially developed to collect and analyze both the gas and liquid component of the flare stream. The analysis was performed by an independent chemical analysis company. Results indicate that no liquids were collected or observed at any of the sites, dispelling the assumption that liquids are commonly found in flare streams. Analysis of the gas phase showed a wide variation in the volume fraction of fuel and inert components. No correlation was made to link the appearance of smoke at a flare site to the composition of the flare gases. The preliminary tests provide the foundation for recommendations for future work regarding sampling programs and issues of combustion efficiency. 1 tab., 4 figs., 1 appendix

86

Profiting from University Research: Tapping into University Technology.  

Science.gov (United States)

Indicates that industry sponsored research in the university environment is increasing. Lists reasons for companies to use university research. Notes 1980 Baigh-Dole Bill which allows the university first rights to technologies they develop. (MVL)

Aaron, Elizabeth

1988-01-01

87

Capacity Development and Strengthening for Energy Policy formulation and implementation of Sustainable Energy Projects in Indonesia CASINDO. Deliverable No. 15. Research agendas of the Indonesian partner universities. Part 1  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The overall objective of the CASINDO programme is to establish a self-sustaining and self-developing structure at both the national and regional level to build and strengthen human capacity to enable the provinces of North Sumatra, Yogyakarta, Central Java, West Nusa Tenggara and Papua to formulate sound policies for renewable energy and energy efficiency and to develop and implement sustainable energy projects. This report provides an overview of the status of development of research agendas at the five partner universities. The research agendas consists of a research proposals, purchasing and installation of research equipment, cooperation with industries and conducting the research proposals. Start of the development of the agendas is determining the fields of interest and formulating research projects. Research development is an ongoing process and therefore by the end of 2011 part 2 of this report will be prepared which will present the new developments in the research agendas over the coming year.

Wijnker, M. [Eindhoven University of Technology TUE, Eindhoven (Netherlands)

2010-09-15

88

Content Analysis of Research Projects Submitted by Undergraduate Students (2000-2009) at the Zimbabwe Open University: Implications for Quality Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

One of the issues that have continued to attract the attention of Open and Distance Learning (ODL) educators, scholars and researchers at the Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU) is the question of quality in the assessment of students' research work. This study was part of a series of studies, into issues of quality, currently being conducted at the…

Kangai, Caleb; Bukaliya, Richard; Musika, Farirai; Babra, Mapuranga

2011-01-01

89

Math Fact Strategies Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

An action research project was conducted in order to determine effective math fact strategies for first graders. The traditional way of teaching math facts included using timed tests and flashcards, with most students counting on their fingers or a number line. Six new research-based strategies were taught and analyzed to decide which methods…

Boso, Annie

2011-01-01

90

TULSA UNIVERSITY PARAFFIN DEPOSITION PROJECTS  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

As oil and gas production moves to deeper and colder water, subsea multiphase production systems become critical for economic feasibility. It will also become increasingly imperative to adequately identify the conditions for paraffin precipitation and predict paraffin deposition rates to optimize the design and operation of these multiphase production systems. Although several oil companies have paraffin deposition predictive capabilities for single-phase oil flow, these predictive capabilities are not suitable for the multiphase flow conditions encountered in most flowlines and wellbores. For deepwater applications in the Gulf of Mexico, it is likely that multiphase production streams consisting of crude oil, produced water and gas will be transported in a single multiphase pipeline to minimize capital cost and complexity at the mudline. Existing single-phase (crude oil) paraffin deposition predictive tools are clearly inadequate to accurately design these pipelines because they do not account for the second and third phases, namely, produced water and gas. The objective of this program is to utilize the current test facilities at The University of Tulsa, as well as member company expertise, to accomplish the following: enhance our understanding of paraffin deposition in single and two-phase (gas-oil) flows; conduct focused experiments to better understand various aspects of deposition physics; and, utilize knowledge gained from experimental modeling studies to enhance the computer programs developed in the previous JIP for predicting paraffin deposition in single and two-phase flow environments. These refined computer models will then be tested against field data from member company pipelines. The following deliverables are scheduled during the first three projects of the program: (1) Single-Phase Studies, with three different black oils, which will yield an enhanced computer code for predicting paraffin deposition in deepwater and surface pipelines. (2) Two-Phase Studies, with a focus on heat transfer and paraffin deposition at various pipe inclinations, which will be used to enhance the paraffin deposition code for gas-liquid flow in pipes. (3) Deposition Physics and Water Impact Studies, which will address the aging process, improve our ability to characterize paraffin deposits and enhance our understanding of the role water plays in paraffin deposition in deepwater pipelines. As in the previous two studies, knowledge gained in this suite of studies will be integrated into a state-of-the-art three-phase paraffin deposition computer program.

Michael Volk; Cem Sarica

2003-10-01

91

Evaluation of failure or deficient performance factors of approved research projects by TUMS research council  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The major activity for vice chancellor for research at Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS is to monitor research projects undertaken by the academic staff. Sometimes projects have been failed in meeting their objectives. The aim of this project was the evaluation of the failure of the research projects at TUMS from the establishment date to 1379. A case-control survey was designed and 70 failed projects with 71 successfully completed projects were considered and compared. Results showed that type of study, location of administration, methodology, qualification of executive and duration of project were the factors of failure of the projects. Number of executives, experienced in research projects and executive position were not the effective factors. The most important reason for failure was unsustainably of executive. So, university research council (URC should pay attention on forecast of time and budget of projects and realization of mentioned matters, besides of attention to methodology of project.

Zarinara A.

2002-08-01

92

Flinders University Electric Vehicle Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Outlines the specifications and principles involved in the operation of an electric car developed by the Institute of Solar and Electochemical Energy Conversion at Flinders University in South Australia. (JR)

Atkinson, D. A.

1973-01-01

93

Materials Research in Japanese Universities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Materials research activities in Japan, as an important research area of fusion engineering, is briefly reviewed with emphasis on university activities. The activities cover major structural materials research and development on reduced-activation ferritic steels, vanadium alloys and SiC/SiC composite materials, functional ceramics, blanket materials, irradiation facilities and the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility, and theory and modeling for fusion materials research. These activities are not only for near-term materials issues but place stronger emphasis on the long-term issues to be solved by DEMO and power reactor time periods

94

University of Washington: Database Research Group  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Washington's Database Research Group âÂÂis focused on broadening the scope of database and data management techniques beyond their traditional scope.â Its work focuses on databases and the Web, XML, data management for ubiquitous computing, data integration, and data mining. For example, the Mangrove project seeks to facilitate the move to the semantic Web by creating âÂÂan environment in which users are motivated to create semantic content because of the existence of useful semantic services.â The various projects are described on this website along with related publications, which are available to download.

95

Institute for Policy Research: Northwestern University  

Science.gov (United States)

Founded in 1968, the Institute for Policy Research (IPR) at Northwestern University is an interdisciplinary public policy research institute that supports dozens of research projects dealing with a range of issues, including poverty, race, adolescent studies, philanthropy, and community development. The site will be invaluable to persons interested in these fields (especially those interested in the Midwest and Chicago), as complete information is offered about ongoing research programs, affiliated centers (such as the Joint Center for Poverty Research), and a list of staff members and faculty associates. As with many policy research institutes, the publications section contains the most important substantive material, as users may browse working papers, policy briefs, newsletters, and publications from affiliated centers. The IPR Working Paper series extends back until 1995, and contains over 100 reports in total.

96

An in-depth survey of the project of wet steam two-phase flow research at Xi'an Jiaotong University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A detailed critical review of the research work in the field of wet steam two-phase flows that has been carried out at Xi'an Jiaotong University in the past few years is given. It consists of both theoretical and experimental treatments that may be of interest to people working in reactor thermal hydraulics

97

Administrative Workstation Project at Indiana University.  

Science.gov (United States)

At Indiana University, budget problems and the information explosion led to a project, financed by a computer company, integrating information technology (IT) into administrative functions. The administrative workstation project increased IT knowledge and use by key administrators, resulting in greater productivity and creativity, improved…

McClure, Polly Ann; And Others

1993-01-01

98

UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS SMART GRID DEMONSTRATION PROJECT  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Kansas (KU) EcoHawks Design Project began in 2008 with the conversion of a discarded 1974 Volkswagen Super Beetle into a fuel neutral series hybrid running on 100% biodiesel created from waste vegetable oil. This project continued in year two through upgradi...

99

A collaborative utility-university project for year two of a comprehensive program of simulator-interfaced light water reactor instruction and research. Second progress report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In order to develop a comprehensive program of simulator-interfaced instruction and research, the American Electric Power Corporation and Centerior Energy Corporation are working with the Nuclear Engineering programs at the University of Cincinnati and The Ohio State University. Funding and resources for the program are being provided by the Department of Energy and the utilities. The program was initiated in September 1993 as the result of a proposal submitted by the Universities to the DOE. The first phase of the program, the development and presentation of a course sequence on commercial nuclear power plant systems design and operation, has been completed. Program instruction began on January 3, 1994 with the first presentation to 29 undergraduate and graduate engineering students at the University of Cincinnati and the Ohio State University. The sequence covered two academic quarters and included visits to each of the nuclear power plants involved in the collaboration. Class lectures were presented in video-classrooms such that instructors at one site could reach not only their own students but students at the other university as well. Class lecture material was developed primarily from similar materials utilized and developed by the utilities to train their own engineers and operators. The initial development effort was described in an earlier progress report

100

Private Universe Project in Science  

Science.gov (United States)

This series of educational videos about teaching science was produced by the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. It is offered as part of the Annenberg Learner initiative and explores "the reasons why teaching science is so difficult." The series contains nine 90-minute workshops containing information about classroom activities, teaching suggestions, and so on. The titles here include "Physics: Hands-On/Minds-On Learning" and "Chemistry: A House With No Foundation." The site includes links to Related Resources and a rather fine project lab that can be used to help students learn about the phases of the Moon and the reasons for the seasons.

 
 
 
 
101

The Cosmic Ray Observatory Project: Results of a Summer High-School Student, Teacher, University Scientist Partnership Using a Capstone Research Experience  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports results from evaluation of the Cosmic Ray Observatory Project (CROP), a student, teacher, scientist partnership to engage high-school students and teachers in school based cosmic ray research. Specifically, this study examined whether an intensive summer workshop experience could effectively prepare teacher—student teams to engage in cutting edge high-energy physics research. Results showed that teachers and students could acquire enough knowledge about cosmic ray physics and self-efficacy for conducting cosmic ray research during a summer workshop to be full participants in an SSP conducting research in their schools, and a capstone anchoring approach using an authentic research activity was effective for motivating student engagement in didactic classroom learning. CROP demonstrated "proof of concept" that setting up cosmic ray detector arrays in schools run by teachers and students was feasible, but found that set-up and operation in a high-school was technically difficult.

Shell, Duane F.; Snow, Gregory R.; Claes, Daniel R.

2011-04-01

102

Experimental research of the NN scattering with polarized particles at the VdG accelerator of Charles University. Project 'NN interactions'  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of the project is to study three-nucleon interactions using 14-16 MeV polarized neutron beam in conjunction with polarized deuteron target. Spin-dependent total cross-section differences ??L and ??T will be measured in the energy range, where there are no experimental data, with sufficient accuracy to check the contribution of the three-nucleon forces. In the test run, the obtained deuteron vector polarizations were P- = (- 39.5 ± 2)% and P+ = (32.9 ± 2)%. The proposed experiment is the continuation of the preceding measurements of the same quantities in the np scattering at the Van de Graaff accelerator of Charles University

103

DOE-NREL Minority University Research Associates Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The DOE-NREL Minority University Research Associates Program (MURA) encourages minority students to pursue careers in science and technology. In this program, undergraduate students work with principal investigators at their universities to perform research projects on solar technology. Then, students are awarded summer internships in industry or at national laboratories, such as NREL, during the summer. Because of its success, the program has been expanded to include additional minority-serving colleges and universities and all solar energy technologies.

Posey Eddy, F.

2005-01-01

104

TULSA UNIVERSITY PARAFFIN DEPOSITION PROJECTS  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

As oil and gas production moves to deeper and colder water, subsea multiphase production systems become critical for economic feasibility. It will also become increasingly imperative to adequately identify the conditions for paraffin precipitation and predict paraffin deposition rates to optimize the design and operation of these multi-phase production systems. Although several oil companies have paraffin deposition predictive capabilities for single-phase oil flow, these predictive capabilities are not suitable for the multiphase flow conditions encountered in most flowlines and wellbores. For deepwater applications in the Gulf of Mexico, it is likely that multiphase production streams consisting of crude oil, produced water and gas will be transported in a single multiphase pipeline to minimize capital cost and complexity at the mudline. Existing single-phase (crude oil) paraffin deposition predictive tools are clearly inadequate to accurately design these pipelines, because they do not account for the second and third phases, namely, produced water and gas. The objective of this program is to utilize the current test facilities at The University of Tulsa, as well as member company expertise, to accomplish the following: enhance our understanding of paraffin deposition in single and two-phase (gas-oil) flows; conduct focused experiments to better understand various aspects of deposition physics; and, utilize knowledge gained from experimental modeling studies to enhance the computer programs developed in the previous JIP for predicting paraffin deposition in single and two-phase flow environments. These refined computer models will then be tested against field data from member company pipelines.

Cem Sarica; Michael Volk

2004-06-01

105

Governance Reform at China's "985 Project" Universities  

Science.gov (United States)

Higher education reform in China is deepening, and the governance reform taking place at the 985 Project universities over the past decade has displayed a shift from government driven to internally driven, from adaptive to proactive, and from localized to systemic. This reflects the overall status of governance reform in China's higher education.…

Qingnian, Xiong; Duanhong, Zhang; Hong, Liu

2011-01-01

106

Kansas State University Libraries' OCR Labeling Project.  

Science.gov (United States)

This publication describes the planning and implementation of an optical character recognition (OCR) labeling project, the first stage of Kansas State University (KSU) Libraries' program of conversion from a manual to an automated circulation system. It is noted that a telephone survey of libraries with automated circulation systems and…

Thierer, Joyce; Bower, Merry

107

Thinking Like Researchers: An ESL Project that Investigates Local Communities  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on task-based and intercultural teaching approaches, this article presents an ESL classroom project at two different university settings in which students investigate aspects of their local communities through the use of ethnographic and observational research techniques. For related reasons, the instructors at each university developed…

McPherron, Paul; Randolph, Patrick T.

2013-01-01

108

Absorbing research: The role of university research in business and ...  

How businesses assess the contribution of university research. 5 ..... University \\research motivations and interests tend to be located in disciplines and ..... \\creativity throughout your organization', (2005), Kelley, T. and Littman, J., \\Currency/ ...

109

Carnegie Mellon University: Interactive Dome Project  

Science.gov (United States)

This website describes the Interactive Dome Project of the Carnegie Mellon University Entertainment Technology Center. The project explores how interactivity can work effectively in a dome environment and the possibilities for building something "to show off the capabilities of the dome." This is the initial project in a series of many that will run a 3D engine to explore uses of the dome and ultimately build and package a prototype experience. Some psychadelic photos and quicktime videos that combine "playful interactivity with psychedelic visuals and atmospheric beats" are available online, as well as photos of the inflated dome and various hardware. Documentation is ultimately part of the project, but not yet posted online. A timeline indicates final presentations will be in May, 2004.

110

Australia's replacement research reactor project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

HIFAR, a 10 MW tank type DIDO Class reactor has operated at the Lucas Heights Science and Technology Centre for 43 years. HIFAR and the 10 kW Argonaut reactor 'Moata' which is in the Care and Maintenance phase of decommissioning are Australia's only nuclear reactors. The initial purpose for HIFAR was for materials testing to support a nuclear power program. Changing community attitude through the 1970's and a Government decision not to proceed with a planned nuclear power reactor resulted in a reduction of materials testing activities and a greater emphasis being placed on neutron beam research and the production of radioisotopes, particularly for medical purposes. HIFAR is not fully capable of satisfying the expected increase in demand for medical radiopharmaceuticals beyond the next 5 years and the radial configuration of the beam tubes severely restricts the scope and efficiency of neutron beam research. In 1997 the Australian Government decided that a replacement research reactor should be built by the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation at Lucas Heights subject to favourable results of an Environmental Impact Study. The Ei identified no reasons on the grounds of safety, health, hazard or risk to prevent construction on the preferred site and it was decided in May 1999 that there were no environmental reasons why construction of the facility should not proceed. In recent years ANSTO has been reviewing the operation of HIFAR and observing international developments in reactor technology. Limitations in the flexibility and efficiency achievable in operation of a tank type reactor and the higher intrinsic safety sought in fundamental design resulted in an early decision that the replacement reactor must be a pool type having cleaner and higher intensity tangential neutron beams of wider energy range than those available from HIFAR. ANSTO has chosen to use it's own resources supported by specialised external knowledge and experience to identify the technical and contractual requirements of the project. A project manager with extensive experience in major defence projects has been contracted and a team of technical and contracts specialists has now completed documentation which has been issued as a Request for Tender to four pre-qualified reactor vendors. The four vendors were selected as a result of a worldwide invitation in mid 1998 for expressions of interest. The tender process is a 'two envelope' system whereby the tenderers are required to submit in one envelope the technical and contractual details of their bid whilst submitting the pricing details in the other envelope. Tenders close on 3 January 2000. A contract is expected to be agreed by mid 2000 with commissioning completed during 2005

111

ASSESSING UNIVERSITY RESEARCH PERFORMANCE WITH MULTIPLE CONSTITUENCIES  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The research performance of the university is critical to the national competitiveness. Previous research has established that research performance is based on scholarly publishing. Several studies suggested that journal ranking is the important research quality indicator. However, unilateral measurement for the research performance will seriously corrode the development of university research work. Assessing university research performance with multiple constituencies is a better to enhance the university research. Although substantial studies have been performed on the critical factors that affect knowledge exploration in the university, those in knowledge exploitation are still lacking. With the multiple constituencies, a fully understanding of research performance can be gained. In the research model, knowledge exploration represents the academic research and knowledge exploitation represents the university–industry collaboration. Data collected from 124 university data in online database. The study shows that knowledge exploration and exploitation both are significant positive predictors of university competitiveness. University resources play important roles to affect both knowledge exploration and exploitation in the university. The study also shows that higher knowledge exploration will enhance knowledge exploitation. Implications for theory and practice and suggestions for future research are discussed.

Kuang-Liang Liu

2012-12-01

112

Maharishi University of Management: The Brain Research Institute  

Science.gov (United States)

This website presents The Brain Research Institute, located at the Maharishi University of Management (MUM) and directed by Dr. Alarik Arenander, a neuroscientist and leading researcher in the field of brain development neurobiology. In addition to his work at MUM, Dr. Arenander has conducted cutting-edge research at UCLA, Penn State, and University of Wisconsin-Madison. The Brain Research Institute's website offers information about various research projects under the categories of Basic and Applied research. Basic research topics at the Institute include Transcendental Consciousness, Higher States of Consciousness, and Consciousness-Based Education. Applied research projects are concerned with non-drug alternatives for children with Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder, traumatic brain injury, violence, and substance abuse. The website links to research articles, Powerpoint lectures, and in the future will offer online video lectures.

113

The "Brand Name" Research University Goes Global  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper traces attempts by two "brand-name" research universities to transnationalise: the US-based Johns Hopkins University, and the University of New South Wales from Australia. Both endeavours were located in, and supported by, Singapore, a city-state with knowledge economy aspirations. The paper explores the globalisation of the research

Sidhu, Ravinder

2009-01-01

114

The project as product of scientific research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The topic of project as product of research for the Area of Architecture can be considered therefore central for tradition, for the recognized value on social, economic and environmental effects of the works of architecture and, finally, for the declared accreditation from scientific bodies and evaluation structures of Athenaeums. As it is not reasonable to imagine an automatic correspondence between project and its research value, such value is clearly verifiable when for it are underlined specific qualifications in base to genetic peculiarity, to particular operational developments, to exemplary modes of production, to evident cultural, social, economic and environmen- tal effects. Within the various components of the design introduced recently by the CUN (National University Council, the reference of technological design to the problem solving field, in which it is possible to organize decision-making abilities and manage information for the project success, refers to the knowledge fields and to the activities that interact with the know-how, with the method and with the simultaneity of theoretical and prac- tical knowledge.

Mario Losasso

2011-11-01

115

Contracts for field projects and supporting research on enhanced oil recovery. Progress review number 87  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Approximately 30 research projects are summarized in this report. Title of the project, contract number, company or university, award amount, principal investigators, objectives, and summary of technical progress are given for each project. Enhanced oil recovery projects include chemical flooding, gas displacement, and thermal recovery. Most of the research projects though are related to geoscience technology and reservoir characterization.

NONE

1997-10-01

116

Adapting Project Management Practices to Research-Based Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

From dealing with the inherent uncertainties in outcomes of scientific research to the lack of applicability of current NASA Procedural Requirements guidance documentation, research-based projects present challenges that require unique application of classical project management techniques. If additionally challenged by the creation of a new program transitioning from basic to applied research in a technical environment often unfamiliar with the cost and schedule constraints addressed by project management practices, such projects can find themselves struggling throughout their life cycles. Finally, supplying deliverables to a prime vehicle customer, also in the formative stage, adds further complexity to the development and management of research-based projects. The Biomedical Research and Countermeasures Projects Branch at NASA Johnson Space Center encompasses several diverse applied research-based or research-enabling projects within the newly-formed Human Research Program. This presentation will provide a brief overview of the organizational structure and environment in which these projects operate and how the projects coordinate to address and manage technical requirements. We will identify several of the challenges (cost, technical, schedule, and personnel) encountered by projects across the Branch, present case reports of actions taken and techniques implemented to deal with these challenges, and then close the session with an open forum discussion of remaining challenges and potential mitigations.

Bahr, P.; Baker, T.; Corbin, B.; Keith, L.; Loerch, L.; Mullenax, C.; Myers, R.; Rhodes, B.; Skytland, N.

2007-01-01

117

University Program Management Information System: NASA's University Program Active Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

As basic policy, NASA believes that colleges and universities should be encouraged to participate in the nation's space and aeronautics program to the maximum extent practicable. Indeed, universities are considered as partners with government and industry in the nation's aerospace program. NASA's objective is to have them bring their scientific, engineering, and social research competence to bear on aerospace problems and on the broader social, economic, and international implications of NASA's technical and scientific programs. It is expected that, in so doing, universities will strengthen both their research and their educational capabilities to contribute more effectively to the national well being. This annual report is one means of documenting the NASA-university relationship, frequently denoted, collectively, as NASA's University Program. This report is consistent with agency accounting records, as the data is obtained from NASA's Financial and Contractual Status (FACS) System, operated by the Financial Management Division and the Procurement Office. However, in accordance with interagency agreements, the orientation differs from that required for financial or procurement purposes. Any apparent discrepancies between this report and other NASA procurement or financial reports stem from the selection criteria for the data. This report was prepared by the Office of Education/N.

Gans, Gary (Technical Monitor)

2003-01-01

118

Engagement in a Major Metropolitan Research University.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the nature and extent of Arizona State University's public service, policy research, and outreach programs, noting efforts to make university policy research findings available to the public, the trend toward broad-based multidisciplinary research, and the involvement of significant numbers of students and faculty. The need for better…

Coor, Lattie F.

1999-01-01

119

Research Information Needs of Public Policy Oriented Researchers at a Regional University: Issues Emerging from a Pilot Study  

Science.gov (United States)

This article presents the results of a pilot study of the research information needs, behaviour and source preferences of academic researchers at a regional university engaged in a public policy research project. In-depth interviews with three public policy oriented academic researchers undertaking interdisciplinary research projects at Charles…

Miller, Faye

2008-01-01

120

Experiences with project-oriented research in graduate engineering education  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Two examples of project-oriented research that involve the conceptual design of fusion systems are described. One of these projects involved close collaboration with workers in a national laboratory while the second was formally organized as a cooperative effort with two other laboratories. An important educational aspect of such research is that the students are involved in a design team composed of both students and professionals facing a realistic problem. In retrospect, it appears that both students and faculty profited from the experience. Several students have taken jobs in related areas, and additional research has resulted at the University from new insight gained during the projects

 
 
 
 
121

History, progress, achievement and future prospect of research activities on fusion materials by Japanese university researchers  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Research activities on fusion materials by Japanese university researchers are reviewed. Organized research on fusion materials has been initiated around mid 1970s under auspices of Monbusho (Ministry of Education, Science and Culture). Particularly effective was the Special Research Project on Fusion for fiscal year 1980 - 1989. At the same time, Japan/U.S. collaboration on fusion materials (1982 - 2000) has been very successful, yielding numerous useful results. The highlights of the technical achievement of these projects are briefly summarized. Both of these projects may be characterized to be composed of two major tasks, namely, fundamental aspects of alloy development for fusion and high fluence irradiation effects under fusion reactor environment. The basic philosophy of the project is discussed. The recent trend is to organize the university research activities into a comprehensive research network. (orig.)

122

Advanced energy projects: FY 1988 research summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report contains: Program Description; Summaries of Projects Active in FY 1988; Sample Statement of Work; FY 1988 Program Data; Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Projects; Investigator Index; and Institutional Index

123

Project Enlists Community Physicians in Cancer Research  

Science.gov (United States)

To enable more patients and physicians to participate in clinical studies that advance cancer care, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) is conducting a pilot project, the Expanded Participation Project (EPP), to speed cancer research by broadening access to clinical trials

124

An O-"fish"-ial Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

In this "O-"fish"-ial" research project, third-grade students use multiple resources to research several fish species, write a research paper and develop a PowerPoint presentation to communicate their findings. In addition, students actually examine these species up close with samples from the local market, and then conclude the project with a…

Newman, James; Krustchinsky, Rick; Vanek, Karen; Nguyen, Kim-Thoa

2009-01-01

125

Universal extra dimensions on real projective plane  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We propose a six-dimensional Universal Extra Dimensions (UED) model compactified on a real projective plane RP{sup 2}, a two-sphere with its antipodal points being identified. We utilize the Randjbar-Daemi-Salam-Strathdee spontaneous sphere compactification with a monopole configuration of an extra U(1){sub X} gauge field that leads to a spontaneous radius stabilization. Unlike the sphere and the S{sup 2}/Z{sub 2} orbifold compactifications, the massless U(1){sub X} gauge boson is safely projected out. We show how a compactification on a non-orientable manifold results in a chiral four-dimensional gauge theory by utilizing 6D chiral gauge and Yukawa interactions. The resultant Kaluza-Klein mass spectra are distinct from the ordinary UED models compactified on torus. We briefly comment on the anomaly cancellation and also on a possible dark matter candidate in our model.

Dohi, Hideto, E-mail: dohi@het.phys.sci.osaka-u.ac.j [Department of Physics, Osaka University, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan); Oda, Kin-ya, E-mail: odakin@phys.sci.osaka-u.ac.j [Department of Physics, Osaka University, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)

2010-08-23

126

Universal Extra Dimensions on Real Projective Plane  

CERN Document Server

We propose a six dimensional Universal Extra Dimensions (UED) model compactified on a real projective plane $RP^2$, a two-sphere with its antipodal points being identified. We utilize the Randjbar-Daemi-Salam-Strathdee spontaneous sphere compactification with a monopole configuration of an extra $U(1)_X$ gauge field that leads to a spontaneous radius stabilization. Unlike the sphere and the so-called $S^2/Z_2$ compactifications, the massless $U(1)_X$ gauge boson is safely projected out. We show how a compactification on a non-orientable manifold results in a chiral four dimensional gauge theory by utilizing 6D chiral gauge and Yukawa interactions. The resultant Kaluza-Klein mass spectra are distinct from the ordinary UED models compactified on torus. We briefly comment on the anomaly cancellation and also on a possible dark matter candidate in our model.

Dohi, Hideto

2010-01-01

127

Universal extra dimensions on real projective plane  

Science.gov (United States)

We propose a six-dimensional Universal Extra Dimensions (UED) model compactified on a real projective plane RP2, a two-sphere with its antipodal points being identified. We utilize the Randjbar-Daemi-Salam-Strathdee spontaneous sphere compactification with a monopole configuration of an extra U(1 gauge field that leads to a spontaneous radius stabilization. Unlike the sphere and the S2/Z orbifold compactifications, the massless U(1 gauge boson is safely projected out. We show how a compactification on a non-orientable manifold results in a chiral four-dimensional gauge theory by utilizing 6D chiral gauge and Yukawa interactions. The resultant Kaluza-Klein mass spectra are distinct from the ordinary UED models compactified on torus. We briefly comment on the anomaly cancellation and also on a possible dark matter candidate in our model.

Dohi, Hideto; Oda, Kin-Ya

2010-08-01

128

How to do Educational Research in University Mathematics?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Situated as a Ph.D. student in university mathematics education, I present some of my considerations about my identity as a researcher in this field. I discuss the larger global and local societal issues and their connections to educational research in university mathematics. My discussion goes beyond personal considerations and touches upon the structures and ideas that are both internal and external to university mathematics education. I discuss the different political projects that I can identify from my personal experiences across the fields of educational research, practice, and policy in university mathematics. I place myself firmly within the tradition of critical education, but also draw on postmodern theories. The results of the discussion are the identification of challenges for a postmodern critical mathematics education, with a focus on university mathematics.

Rasmus Hedegaard Nielsen

2003-01-01

129

La producción de conocimiento en la universidad de la calle (Un proyecto de investigación) / Knowledge production at the university of the street (A research project)  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este paper (trabajo) plantearé el problema de la Universidad de la calle como el objeto de conocimiento de un trabajo de investigación dentro del campo de las ciencias sociales. Su desarrollo y adecuada realización requiere aplicar una metodología semiótica. El estudio de este fenómeno y la expli [...] cación de su eficacia pedagógica necesitan operaciones analíticas y críticas que se derivan del posible desarrollo de una semiótica indexical específica, del mismo modo que se pueden tomar (evitando estar enclaustrados en una derivación dogmática) de la propuesta de Ch. Peirce acerca del tratamiento del signo indexical. (Ch. Peirce, 1913/1965, párrafo 2.283 y siguientes) El propósito de esta investigación será recolectar la información pertinente la que consistirá principalmente de: (Nota 1) la enunciación descriptiva de un conjunto de experiencias generadoras de conductas; (Nota 2) la enunciación generalizada de los conocimientos adquiridos de la experiencia Esto permitirá la identificación, desde los procesos pedagógicos formales e informales, de la existencia efectiva de situaciones de aprendizaje concretas que tienen fundamental importancia en el logro de las metas relativas a la mejora social e incluso a la supervivencia. Abstract in english In this paper I will pose the university of the street question as the object of knowledge of a research work into the field of the social sciences. Its development and proper achievement require to applying a semiotic methodology. The study of this phenomenon and the explanation of its pedagogical [...] efficacy need analytical and critical operations to be derived from the possible development of a specific indexical semiotics, just as it can be taken (avoiding to be cloistered in a dogmatic derivation) from Ch. S. Peirce´s proposal concerning the indexical sign´s treatment (Ch. S. Peirce, 1913/1965, paragraph 2.283 and following). The aim of this research will be to collect the pertaining information, which will consist mainly of: (Nota 1) the descriptive enunciation of a set of experience generating behaviors; (Nota 2) the generalized enunciation of acquired experiential knowledge. This will permit the identification, out of the formal and informal pedagogical processes, of the effective existence of concrete learning situations that have fundamental importance in the achievement of the goals concerning social improvement and even survival.

Juan, Magariños de Morentin.

2010-12-01

130

Geothermal Reservoir Technology Research Program: Abstracts of selected research projects  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Research projects are described in the following areas: geothermal exploration, mapping reservoir properties and reservoir monitoring, and well testing, simulation, and predicting reservoir performance. The objectives, technical approach, and project status of each project are presented. The background, research results, and future plans for each project are discussed. The names, addresses, and telephone and telefax numbers are given for the DOE program manager and the principal investigators. (MHR)

Reed, M.J. (ed.)

1993-03-01

131

SUPRI (Stanford University Petroleum Research Institute) heavy oil research program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report is a summary of the work performed under Department of Energy contract FG19-87BC14126 during the period February 22, 1987 to February 21, 1990. During that period the Stanford University Petroleum Research Institute has published twenty-two technical reports and professional papers. This report presents in general terms the scope of work of SUPRI which is divided in five main projects: reservoir properties, in-situ combustion, improvement of steam injection by additives, well-to-well formation evaluation, and field support services. The results obtained during the period of performance of the contract are then presented in the form of abstracts from the technical reports and papers written during the period of performance.

Brigham, W.E.; Ramey, H.J. Jr.; Aziz, K.; Castanier, L.

1990-01-01

132

ICT and the Project Studies at Roskilde University, Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

It is a major trend in today's higher education to make learning and teaching meet the growing demands that are placed by global as well as local developments. Another significant trend is the increasing use of ICT. These two trends, the promise and imperative of ICT and the educational strategies to satisfy individual desires and societal needs in a rapidly changing world, give rise to a big challenge to the present-day learning and pedagogy in university. Roskilde University, Denmark was historically established in the beginning of 1970's as an innovative place for advanced learning to cope with new needs for qualification and reform. With distinctive philosophy and approach in education, studies at Roskilde University are organized as project work characterized by problem orientation, participant direction, exemplarity, interdisciplinarity and collaborative learning. The paper addresses how the increasing application of ICT is changing the educational environments at Roskilde University and, consequently, facilitating and challenging the project studies. The discussion is mainly based on an empirical research in which we observed a group of students and participated in their project work. The data from our interviews and conversations with the students and teachers are also employed to describe the issues that are investigated.

Nielsen, JØrgen Lerche; Ou, Tie

2004-01-01

133

Student Research Projects Inhibiting Factors from the Students Perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background & Objective: Identifying the research barriers and assess the ability of students to use the university services and facilities is crucial to promote research activities. Present study was carried out to determine the inhibiting factors influencing the student's research projects from the view point of Yasuj University of Medical Sciences students in 2008. Materials & Methods: In this cross sectional study 96 students of Yasuj Medical University were selected by stratified random sampling. The data were collected by validate & reliable questionnaire, containing demographic information, inhibiting factors related to students (personal and organization. The data were analyzed by SPSS software. Results: The mean scores against the personal barriers and the organizational barriers questions were 43.23±12.96 and 62.58±12.08 respectively. There was a significant difference between personal and organizational barriers (P<0.001 and personal barriers were more important. According to the results, the student's inadequate skills & knowledge of research methodology and lack of awareness of research topics were the most prevalent personal barriers. The most prevalent organizational barriers were unavailability of research consulters, inadequate research skills of consulter, insufficient facilities & equipment and lack of motivating staff & faculties. Other variables such as gender, subject of study and research experience are mentioned in the full text. Conclusion: This study showed that the personal barriers were more important than organizational barriers which interfere with the student's research projects. This can be corrected and controlled by teachers, faculty members, university officials and students, themselves.

Laila Nikrooz

2012-09-01

134

Advanced Energy Projects: FY 1993, Research summaries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

AEP has been supporting research on novel materials for energy technology, renewable and biodegradable materials, new uses for scientific discoveries, alternate pathways to energy efficiency, alternative energy sources, innovative approaches to waste treatment and reduction, etc. The summaries are grouped according to projects active in FY 1993, Phase I SBIR projects, and Phase II SBIR projects. Investigator and institutional indexes are included.

1993-09-01

135

Basic Project Management Methodologies for Survey Researchers.  

Science.gov (United States)

To be effective, project management requires a heavy dependence on the document, list, and computational capability of a computerized environment. Now that microcomputers are readily available, only the rediscovery of classic project management methodology is required for improved resource allocation in small research projects. This paper provides…

Beach, Robert H.

136

Advanced Energy Projects: FY 1993, Research summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

AEP has been supporting research on novel materials for energy technology, renewable and biodegradable materials, new uses for scientific discoveries, alternate pathways to energy efficiency, alternative energy sources, innovative approaches to waste treatment and reduction, etc. The summaries are grouped according to projects active in FY 1993, Phase I SBIR projects, and Phase II SBIR projects. Investigator and institutional indexes are included

137

Emergences and possibilities about of University Research and Innovation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This issue of the Revista Electrónica Interuniversitaria de Formación del Profesorado (REIFOP offers a range of researchs, action and innovation projects thought to the Mass Communication Media and the Especific Didactics area.The authors of the articles are university professors who carry out their academic activity at Spanish and Foreing universities: Valladolid, Valencia, Piura, San Sebastián, Zaragoza, Soria, Kennesaw, Badajoz y Huelva.

Teresa García Gómez

2009-12-01

138

Jmol-Enhanced Biochemistry Research Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

We developed a protein research project for a one-semester biochemistry lecture class to enhance learning and more effectively train students to understand protein structure and function. During this semester-long process, students select a protein with known structure and then research its structure, sequence, and function. This project

Saderholm, Matthew; Reynolds, Anthony

2011-01-01

139

The first university research reactor in India  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

At low power research reactor is being set up in Andhra University to cater to the needs of researchers and isotope users by the Department of Atomic Energy in collaboration with Andhra University. This reactor is expected to be commissioned by 2001-02. Departments like Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Physics, Life Sciences, Pharmacy, Medicine and Engineering would be the beneficiaries of the availability of this reactor. In this paper, details of the envisaged research programme and training activities are discussed. (author)

140

UNIVERSITY TURBINE SYSTEMS RESEARCH PROGRAM SUMMARY AND DIRECTORY  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The South Carolina Institute for Energy Studies (SCIES), administratively housed at Clemson University, has participated in the advancement of combustion turbine technology for over a decade. The University Turbine Systems Research Program, previously referred to as the Advanced Gas Turbine Systems Research (AGTSR) program, has been administered by SCIES for the U.S. DOE during the 1992-2003 timeframe. The structure of the program is based on a concept presented to the DOE by Clemson University. Under the supervision of the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), the UTSR consortium brings together the engineering departments at leading U.S. universities and U.S. combustion turbine developers to provide a solid base of knowledge for the future generations of land-based gas turbines. In the UTSR program, an Industrial Review Board (IRB) (Appendix C) of gas turbine companies and related organizations defines needed gas turbine research. SCIES prepares yearly requests for university proposals to address the research needs identified by the IRB organizations. IRB technical representatives evaluate the university proposals and review progress reports from the awarded university projects. To accelerate technology transfer technical workshops are held to provide opportunities for university, industry and government officials to share comments and improve quality and relevancy of the research. To provide educational growth at the Universities, in addition to sponsored research, the UTSR provides faculty and student fellowships. The basis for all activities--research, technology transfer, and education--is the DOE Turbine Program Plan and identification, through UTSR consortium group processes, technology needed to meet Program Goals that can be appropriately researched at Performing Member Universities.

Lawrence P. Golan; Richard A. Wenglarz

2004-07-01

 
 
 
 
141

Strategies for successful research project management.  

Science.gov (United States)

Beginning researchers may not fully appreciate the complexity of implementing a study, or the degree of rigor and precision involved. Successful project management requires careful planning, conscientious follow-through, and continuous monitoring. Several aspects of project implementation are discussed: defining roles and responsibilities of project personnel, overseeing progress of the project, planning and managing the budget, and record keeping. Concrete strategies are provided, with the emphasis being on proactive approaches that prevent problems rather than on reactive crisis management. PMID:10786569

Lenz, E R

1999-01-01

142

Advanced energy projects FY 1992 research summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Division of Advanced Energy Projects (AEP) provides support to explore the feasibility of novel, energy-related concepts that evolve from advances in basic research. These concepts are typically at an early stage of scientific definition and, therefore, are beyond the scope of ongoing applied research or technology development programs. The Division provides a mechanism for converting basic research findings to applications that eventually could impact the Nation's energy economy. Technical topics include physical, chemical, materials, engineering, and biotechnologies. Projects can involve interdisciplinary approaches to solve energy-related problems. Projects are supported for a finite period of time, which is typically three years. Annual funding levels for projects are usually about $300,000 but can vary from approximately $50,000 to $500,000. It is expected that, following AEP support, each concept will be sufficiently developed and promising to attract further funding from other sources in order to realize its full potential. There were 39 research projects in the Division of Advanced Energy Projects during Fiscal Year 1992 (October 1, 1991 -- September 30, 1992). The abstracts of those projects are provided to introduce the overall program in Advanced Energy Projects. Further information on a specific project may be obtained by contacting the principal investigator, who is listed below the project title. Projects completed during FY 1992 are indicated

143

Project-based learning in geomatics at Aalborg University  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The paper deals with the education in Geomatics at Aalborg University (AAU), Denmark. Since its foundation in 1974 AAU has used Project-Based Learning (PBL) as its educational model. In each of the 10 semesters a project has to be carried out by a group of students. The paper presents the ideas behind PBL and the use of this approach in Geomatics. Some examples of project work in the field of photogrammetry and remote sensing are given. Teachers and researchers at AAU recently published a book on the Aalborg PBL model, in which progress, diversity and challenges of the approach are documented. Some of the findings in this investigation are presented. The on-campus education in Geomatics uses the Internet, and the paper informs about its application on campus. PBL is also practised at AAU's distance education programmes, which combine e-learning and weekend seminars on the campus. Experiences from using PBL in both forms of education are presented.

Höhle, Joachim

2005-01-01

144

University of Idaho Aquaculture Research Institute  

Science.gov (United States)

Located in Hagerman and Moscow, Idaho, ARI promotes, supports, and coordinates aquaculture research activities at the University of Idaho and throughout the state and region. UI scientists in various disciplines conduct research in both commercial and conservation aquaculture sciences and technologies. Site includes information on facilities, faculty, current research, outreach initiatives, and publications, including access to the institute's newsletter.

2012-04-16

145

Research projects of STUK 2000-2002  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The primary goal of STUK, the Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, is to prevent and limit the harmful effects of radiation. The research conducted by STUK yields new information related to the use, occurrence and effects of radiation. STUK research projects 2000 - 2002 summarises STUK's own research activities on radiation protection. In addition to these, STUK also supervises and funds research projects related to safety of nuclear energy and nuclear waste and materials that are carried out in other research institutes. Information on the research projects and related publications is also available on STUK's WWW pages at www.stuk.fi. STUK's research focuses on radiation protection and the health effects of radiation. During 2000 - 2002, the main emphasis will be on projects supporting the Finnish national environmental health action plan, the health risks of radiation, emergency preparedness and cooperation with neighbouring CEE areas. EU directives on radiation protection and medical exposure to radiation also influence the course taken by research carried out at STUK. New research priorities also include studies on non-ionising radiation, especially the effects of mobile phone frequency radiation. STUK's research activities are now more international than ever; the institute is involved in about 20 research projects funded by EC. Apart from the European Union and the Nordic countries, STUK's main partners are to be found in Russia, Estonia and the USA. (author)

146

Research projects of STUK 2000-2002  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The primary goal of STUK, the Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, is to prevent and limit the harmful effects of radiation. The research conducted by STUK yields new information related to the use, occurrence and effects of radiation. STUK research projects 2000 - 2002 summarises STUK's own research activities on radiation protection. In addition to these, STUK also supervises and funds research projects related to safety of nuclear energy and nuclear waste and materials that are carried out in other research institutes. Information on the research projects and related publications is also available on STUK's WWW pages at www.stuk.fi. STUK's research focuses on radiation protection and the health effects of radiation. During 2000 - 2002, the main emphasis will be on projects supporting the Finnish national environmental health action plan, the health risks of radiation, emergency preparedness and cooperation with neighbouring CEE areas. EU directives on radiation protection and medical exposure to radiation also influence the course taken by research carried out at STUK. New research priorities also include studies on non-ionising radiation, especially the effects of mobile phone frequency radiation. STUK's research activities are now more international than ever; the institute is involved in about 20 research projects funded by EC. Apart from the European Union and the Nordic countries, STUK's main partners are to be found in Russia, Estonia and the USA. (author)

Salomaa, S. [ed.

2000-06-01

147

Toxicology research projects directory, 1978. Monthly repts  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Toxicology Research Projects Directory is a monthly publication of ongoing research projects in toxicology and related fields selected from the files of the Smithsonian Science Information Exchange (SSIE). Each issue lists toxicology-related research projects reported to SSIE during the one-month period preceding that issue. Each of the summaries is categorized by scientific discipline and assigned a unique identification number for cross-referencing from the Directory Indexes--Subject, Investigator, Performing Organization, Supporting Agency, and Master Grant Number. The thirteenth issue consists of Cumulative Indexes for the entire volume with referencing to projects in all of the previous twelve issues. The emphasis of the Directory is on the manifestations of the exposure of man and animals to toxic substances. Projects are classified by toxic agents, research orientation, and areas of environmental concern

148

The Top American Research Universities 2001  

Science.gov (United States)

An updated version of The Top American Research Universities has been released from Florida-based research organization, The Center, which creates this report annually. (The first edition of the Top American Research Universities was included in the July 28, 2000 Scout Report.) Institutions considered "top" are those that have federal research expenditures as reported to NSF of at least $20 million and that fall within the top 25 on at least one of The Center's nine measures (total research expenditures, federal research expenditures, endowment assets, annual giving, faculty members in the National Academies, faculty awards, doctoral degrees, postdoctoral appointees, and entering freshmen SAT scores). This year, the study has been expanded to include national rankings and to include institutions ranked in the top 26-50 (in addition to those ranked in top 25). The data are available in .pdf or spreadsheet (.xls) format. Interestingly, the top ten are all private universities.

2001-01-01

149

The European Hands-On Universe project  

Science.gov (United States)

The EU-HOU project is a wide collaboration of teachers and scientists with the purpose of creating a way for pupils to get excited by science, primarily through the use of astronomy. EU-HOU gives pupils the chance to use real astronomical data to investigate research questions such as how to detect an extrasolar planet, identify the black hole at the center of the Milky Way, or discover the existence of dark matter. EU-HOU provides also the opportunity of real time sky observations through networks of robotic optical and radio telescopes via the Internet, together with pupil-friendly software to analyse the data. EU-HOU offers teachers incentives and advice through class-ready resources directly inspired from modern research, which can engage students in the wonder of scientific discovery and develop their creative thinking.

Ferlet, Roger

2012-07-01

150

Resource Allocation in Public Research Universities  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to conduct an econometric analysis of internal resource allocation. Two theories are used for this study of resource allocation in public research universities, and these are: (1) Theory of the Firm; and (2) Resource Dependence Theory. This study used the American Association of Universities Data Exchange (AAUDE)…

Santos, Jose L.

2007-01-01

151

Energy secretary's priorities include San Francisco area research projects  

CERN Multimedia

"Bay Area research labs got a big boost Monday when the Secretary of Energy unveiled his priorities for major research projects his agency hopes to fund over the next two decades. Among the agency's 28 top priorities are a major computer expansion and an experiment examining the expanding universe that could be housed at Lawrence Berkeley Lab and a powerful X-ray laser planned for the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center" (1 page).

Widener, A

2003-01-01

152

Catalog of research projects at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, 1985  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Catalog has been created to aid in the transfer of technology from the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory to potential users in industry, government, universities, and the public. The projects are listed for the following LBL groups: Accelerator and Fusion Research Division, Applied Science Division, Biology and Medicine Division, Center for Advanced Materials, Chemical Biodynamics Division, Computing Division, Earth Sciences Division, Engineering and Technical Services Division, Materials and Molecular Research Division, Nuclear Science Division, and Physics Division.

1985-01-01

153

High level waste management research and the University Educational Programs  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The University of Florida is one of sixteen currently qualified University programs participating in the Civilian Radioactive Waste Management fellowship program of the Office of Civilian Radioactive Waste Management of the US DOE. The Nuclear Engineering Science Department is the lead department for a Waste Management Program formed at the graduate level at the University of Florida. The academic program is broadly based, comprising multiple disciplines and requiring a thesis/project at the Masters level and a dissertation at the Ph.D. level. The students' research focuses on the challenges relating to the management of Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNP) and High Level Waste (HLW)

154

Research projects of STUK 2003-2005  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The primary goal of STUK, Finnish Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, is to protect man, society, environment and future generations from the harmful effects of radiation. The research conducted by STUK yields new information related to the use, occurrence and effects of radiation. STUK research projects 2003 - 2005 summarizes STUK's own research activities on radiation protection. In addition to these, STUK also supervises and funds research projects related to safety of nuclear energy, and nuclear waste and materials that are carried out in other research institutes. Information on the research projects and related publications is also available on STUK's WWW pages at www.stuk.fi. STUK's research focuses on radiation protection and health effects of radiation. During 2003 - 2005 the main emphasis will be on research supporting the Finnish national environmental health action plan, and projects concerning the health risks of radiation, nuclear emergency preparedness and protection of biota. EU directives on radiation protection and medical radiation exposure also influence the course taken by the research carried out at STUK. New research priorities also include studies on non-ionising radiation, especially the effects of mobile phone frequency radiation. STUK's research networks involve well over 100 national and international partners. During 2003 - 2005 STUK is actively participating in the 6th framework research programmes of ECammes of EC

155

University Faculty, Colleagues, and Teachers' Federation as Mentors in Collaborative Action Research  

Science.gov (United States)

This research reports on collaborative research projects supported by a teachers' federation. We compare research teams involved in the first year of the project, where they had free choice of research purposes with those in the second year who had the subject area defined for them. University faculty, teachers' colleagues, and the teachers'…

Peterson, Shelley Stagg; Krpan, Cathy Marks; Swartz, Larry

2010-01-01

156

30 CFR 402.10 - Research-project applications.  

Science.gov (United States)

...false Research-project applications...Evaluation, and Management Procedures § 402.10 Research-project applications...project title, project objectives, background...research tasks, methodology to conduct...

2010-07-01

157

Library Roles in University Research Assessment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article summarises the findings of two OCLC research reports which recently documented how university research is assessed in five countries and the role research libraries play in the various schemes. Libraries’ administrative role in supplying bibliometrics is the most obvious. However, the author advocates a much more strategic role for libraries: to focus on the scholarly activity all around the library, to curate, advise on and preserve the manifold outputs of research activity.

John MacColl

2010-09-01

158

University Research Program in Robotics - "Technologies for Micro-Electrical-Mechanical Systems in directed Stockpile Work (DSW) Radiation and Campaigns", Final Technical Annual Report, Project Period 9/1/06 - 8/31/07  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The University Research Program in Robotics (URPR) is an integrated group of universities performing fundamental research that addresses broad-based robotics and automation needs of the NNSA Directed Stockpile Work (DSW) and Campaigns. The URPR mission is to provide improved capabilities in robotics science and engineering to meet the future needs of all weapon systems and other associated NNSA/DOE activities.

James S. Tulenko; Carl D. Crane

2007-12-13

159

University Research Program in Robotics - 'Technologies for Micro-Electrical-Mechanical Systems in directed Stockpile Work (DSW) Radiation and Campaigns', Final Technical Annual Report, Project Period 9/1/06 - 8/31/07  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The University Research Program in Robotics (URPR) is an integrated group of universities performing fundamental research that addresses broad-based robotics and automation needs of the NNSA Directed Stockpile Work (DSW) and Campaigns. The URPR mission is to provide improved capabilities in robotics science and engineering to meet the future needs of all weapon systems and other associated NNSA/DOE activities

160

Achievement report on the incoming projects related to ITS. Research and survey involving 'Research and development of universal design vehicle based on ITS technology'; ITS renkei kokei project an. 'ITS gijutsu wo tenkaishita universal design vehicle no kenkyu kaihatsu' ni kakawaru kenkyu chosa  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

For the promotion of 'Report on Strategy of Automobile Industrial Technologies - Strategy 2 - Promotion of Development of Vehicle Environment Recognition Technology and Driver's State Detection Technology,' investigations and studies including overseas surveys are conducted over six selected subjects which are (1) ITS (Intelligent Transportation System) and VCSS (Voice Communications Switching System), (2) old people, handicapped people, and universal design, (3) intelligent interface, (4) techniques of assessing bionic data and load of driving, (5) driving simulator and virtual reality, and (6) data communication, mobile data communication in particular. It is then found that, on the assumption that there exists a mobile communications environment such as ITS or Internet aboard the automobile, it is important to develop a universal design automobile which adapts itself to the driver thereby respecting driver's viewpoint and that such is to be accomplished by grasping driver's characteristics especially under extraordinary conditions in the way of Kansei engineering and by redesigning the driver's operating system making use of the active interface technology. A conclusion is reached that development should continue in compliance with the separately specified 6 items which are indispensable for the research and development of an ITS based man-adaptive automobile. (NEDO)

NONE

2001-02-01

 
 
 
 
161

ENHANCING ACADEMIC RESEARCHERS’ PERCEPTIONS TOWARD UNIVERSITY COMMERCIALIZATION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Commercialization of university’s research has drawn growing attention of late as it is increasingly seen as drivers to local economic growth. However, current studies have focused mainly on factors affecting commercialization assuming their presence would encourage greater commercialize activities. While this assumption is satisfactory, anecdotal evidences indicated that the presence of those factors sometimes do not improve commercialization. We argued that this anomaly is due to the influence of university researchers’ perceptions toward commercialization which manipulate their propensity to engage in this activity. This paper begins by reviewing the various mechanisms to commercialization in Malaysia universities. The impact of perception on commercializing activities formed the second part of the analysis. Recommendations to enhance commercialization within a university environment are also highlighted.

Aslan Amat Seni

2011-10-01

162

UKERC Commissions £1.6m New Energy Research Projects | UK ...  

Mar 29, 2010 ... The projects involve researchers from eleven universities and ... The selection \\process for the next set of Research Fund proposals is under way. ... have an \\impact on energy use and decision-making related to energy policy.

163

Absorbing Research, The Role of University Research in Business ...  

... RCUK Common Principles on Data Policy · Open Access · Efficiency & \\effectiveness ... of university research to market innovation with \\recommendations to improve ... and the nature of different strategies toachieve \\market innovation.

164

DESIGN AND MANAGEMENT OF RESEARCH PROJECTS  

Science.gov (United States)

Design and management of research projects is a complex task which varies widely with the people and circumstances involved. The paper attempts to distill the literature and the author's personal experience into the basic elements of project management. Thus it is subjective and ...

165

20 CFR 638.700 - Experimental, research, and demonstration projects.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-04-01 false Experimental, research, and demonstration projects...TRAINING PARTNERSHIP ACT Experimental, Research, and Demonstration Projects § 638.700 Experimental, research, and demonstration...

2010-04-01

166

NASA's Hypersonic Research Engine Project: A review  

Science.gov (United States)

The goals of the NASA Hypersonic Research Engine (HRE) Project, which began in 1964, were to design, develop, and construct a high-performance hypersonic research ramjet/scramjet engine for flight tests of the developed concept over the speed range of Mach 4 to 8. The project was planned to be accomplished in three phases: project definition, research engine development, and flight test using the X-15A-2 research airplane, which was modified to carry hydrogen fuel for the research engine. The project goal of an engine flight test was eliminated when the X-15 program was canceled in 1968. Ground tests of full-scale engine models then became the focus of the project. Two axisymmetric full-scale engine models, having 18-inch-diameter cowls, were fabricated and tested: a structural model and combustion/propulsion model. A brief historical review of the project, with salient features, typical data results, and lessons learned, is presented. An extensive number of documents were generated during the HRE Project and are listed.

Andrews, Earl H.; Mackley, Ernest A.

1994-01-01

167

The project as product of scientific research  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The topic of project as product of research for the Area of Architecture can be considered therefore central for tradition, for the recognized value on social, economic and environmental effects of the works of architecture and, finally, for the declared accreditation from scientific bodies and evaluation structures of Athenaeums. As it is not reasonable to imagine an automatic correspondence between project and its research value, such value is clearly verifiable when for it are underlined s...

Mario Losasso

2011-01-01

168

Advanced energy projects: FY 1987 research summaries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report contains brief summaries of all projects active in the Division of Advanced Energy Projects during Fiscal Year 1987 (October 1, 1986-September 30, 1987). The intent of this compilation is to provide a convenient means for quickly acquainting an interested reader with the program in Advanced Energy Projects. More detailed information on research activities in a particular project may be obtained by contacting directly the principal investigator. Some projects will have reached the end of their contract periods by the time this book appears, and will, therefore, no longer be active. Those cases in which work was completed in FY '87 are indicated by the footnote: Project completed. The annual funding level of each project is shown

169

DOE Project: Optimization of Advanced Diesel Engine Combustion Strategies "University Research in Advanced Combustion and Emissions Control" Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies Program  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The goal of the present technology development was to increase the efficiency of internal combustion engines while minimizing the energy penalty of meeting emissions regulations. This objective was achieved through experimentation and the development of advanced combustion regimes and emission control strategies, coupled with advanced petroleum and non-petroleum fuel formulations. To meet the goals of the project, it was necessary to improve the efficiency of expansion work extraction, and this required optimized combustion phasing and minimized in-cylinder heat transfer losses. To minimize fuel used for diesel particulate filter (DPF) regeneration, soot emissions were also minimized. Because of the complex nature of optimizing production engines for real-world variations in fuels, temperatures and pressures, the project applied high-fidelity computing and high-resolution engine experiments synergistically to create and apply advanced tools (i.e., fast, accurate predictive models) developed for low-emission, fuel-efficient engine designs. The companion experiments were conducted using representative single- and multi-cylinder automotive and truck diesel engines.

Reitz, Rolf; Foster, D.; Ghandhi, J.; Rothamer, D.; Rutland, C.; Sanders, S.; Trujillo, M.

2012-10-26

170

The Center for Natural Hazards Research at East Carolina University  

Science.gov (United States)

The Center for Natural Hazards Research (CNHR) in the Thomas Harriot College of Arts and Sciences at East Carolina University (ECU) was established in 2004 to foster a multidisciplinary research community that seeks to understand and, thereby, improve our ability to withstand and recover from adverse events caused by natural processes. In keeping with its mission "to promote research and analysis that ultimately reduces the harm caused by forces of nature to life, business, and the environment" the CNHR has 15 core faculty and faculty associates and supports graduate student research. Projects range from examining the economic impact and rebuilding plans in the wake of Hurricane Katrina to analyzing global precipitation extremes.

Curtis, S.; Kruse, J. B.

2007-05-01

171

The University of Birmingham - Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences Research  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Birmingham introduces the goal of its department of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences' (GEES) research to link climate, hydrology, geomorphology, and ecology studies in order to build integrated models of fluvial systems. Users can find ample information about the goals and significance in its many projects which include riparian hydroecology, hydrology of cold environments, hydrogeomorphology, and channel sedimentation dynamics. Most of the materials contain an abundance of links to help users fully understand the Earth Surface Systems research. Along with the research of the staff, the site supplies introductions to many of the PhD research students' work.

172

CER: Centre for Environmental Research at the University of Limerick  

Science.gov (United States)

The Centre for Environmental Research (CER) encompasses research in many science areas at the University of Limerick including biochemistry, hydrogeology, geochemistry, and hydrology. The website features the current projects of the director, Professor Richard Moles, whose interests incorporate "integrated assessment, system dynamics and spatial modelling, interactive research, sustainable development, plant and bird ecology, landscape evolution, soil science, geomorphology, and pollution pathways." Users can find links to CER's three main themes: environmental catalysis and chemistry, scientific management of environmental quality, and environmental technology. There, individuals can obtain extensive information on the researchers, their interests, and publications.

173

The Evaluation of Research in European Universities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Policies, commissioning bodies, methods, and criteria for both internal and external evaluation of research at universities in eight countries (Finland, Portugal, United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Norway, Spain, France) are compared, and the effects of evaluations on the finance, structure, and research problems are examined. (MSE)

Boffo, Stefano; Chave, Daniel; Kaukonen, Erkki; Opdal, Liv Randi

1999-01-01

174

Integrated Photon Source Project at Tohoku University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new accelerator complex project to provide photons of which the energy range covers far-infrared, VUV, X-ray and hundreds MeV has been developed at Tohoku University. Based on an infrastructure of an accelerator facility, Laboratory of Nuclear Science (LNS), a new injector linac and a light source storage ring are designed. The 150 MeV injector linac may contain a thermionic RF gun to have simple configuration of accelerating structure. The RF gun allows us to operate infrared free electron laser (FEL). A 1.5 GeV storage ring is designed to realize relatively low emittance and capability of inserting a couple of superconducting wigglers for x-ray. Furthermore a storage ring FEL is also taken account to provide coherent higher harmonic photons and high energy gamma-rays via Compton backscattering and Bremsstrahlung. At the present, the lattice of the storage ring is considered to have eight-hold Chasman-Green cells and two 8 m-long straight sections. Because of limited budget and site area, the storage ring should be small, so that we will employ multipole magnets which produce both quadrupole and sextupole magnetic fields

175

Textile terminology of Hittite Anatolia : Interdisciplinary research projects at the Centre for Textile Research. Project presentation and future perspectives  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The Danish National Research Foundation’s Centre for Textile Research at the University of Copenhagen is a world recognized leading centre for ancient textile studies. In addition to the research programmes already in progress since 2005, the CTR has opened itself up to new interdisciplinary research frontiers in an intra-European perspective. The Marie-Sk?odowska Curie fellows recently employed at CTR are developing investigations in all aspects of textile research, also providing new evidence of different chronological periods. Linguists, archaeologists, historians and scientists share their academic backgrounds to join them with CTR expertise. TEXTHA (Textile terminology of Hittite Anatolia) is an innovative interdisciplinary project which aims to create a Hittite dictionary of textiles, the first of its kind, benefiting from the solid know-how of textile crafts of the CTR archaeologists. These new projects lay the foundations of new research platforms for future collaborations between different institutions.

Vigo, Matteo

2014-01-01

176

UKERC Research Fund Projects | UK Energy Research Centre  

This project is conducting an independent, inter-disciplinary assessment of CCS \\... in the transition to a sustainable low carbon energy supply system in the UK. \\more ... The aim of this research project is to develop a multi-criteria framework \\that ... developing and evaluating a number of socio-technical scenarios. more.

177

Annual review of research projects 1983  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This progress report provides a brief outline of current laboratory research and development projects and their present status. Research fields covered are: uranium, radon and its daughters, radiation effects in solids and gases, thermoluminescence, x-rays and clinical dosimetry, measurement standards in radiation dosimetry, radiopharmaceuticals and nuclear medicine, radionuclide metrology, non-ionizing electromagnetic radiations, environmental radiochemistry and radiation monitoring

178

Annual review of research projects 1984  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This progress report provides a brief outline of current laboratory research and development projects and their present status. Research fields covered are: uranium, radon and its daughters, radiation effects in solids and gases, x-rays and clinical dosimetry, measurement standards in radiation dosimetry, radiopharmaceuticals and nuclear medicine, non-ionizing electromagnetic radiations, environmental radiochemistry and radiation monitoring

179

Nuclear safety research project. Annual report 1995  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The reactor safety R and D work of the Karlsruhe Research Centre (FZK) has been part of the Nuclear Safety Research Project (PSF) since 1990. The present annual report 1995 summarizes the R and D results. The research tasks are coordinated in agreement with internal and external working groups. The contributions to this report correspond to the status of early 1996. An abstract in English precedes each of them, whenever the respective article is written in German. (orig.)

180

Light water reactor safety research project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The research and development activities for the safety of Light Water Power Reactors carried out 1979 at the Swiss Federal Institute for Reactor Research are described. Considerations concerning the necessity, objectives and size of the Safety Research Project are presented, followed by a detailed discussion of the activities in the five tasks of the program, covering fracture mechanics and nondestructive testing, thermal-hydraulics, reactor noise analysis and pressure vessel steel surveillance. (Auth.)

 
 
 
 
181

STUK research projects 1998-2000  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

ith neighbouring CEE areas. EU directives on radiation protection and medical exposure to radiation also influence the course taken by research carried out at STUK. STUK's research activities are now more international than ever; the institute is involved in more then 20 research projects funded by EU. Apart from the EU and the Nordic countries, STUK's main partners are to be found in Russia, Estonia and the USA. (orig.)

182

The Flinders University inductively driven spherical Tokamak project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: The Flinders University inductive start up Spherical Tokamak (ST) program is designed with two major functions: first a target plasma for a definitive test of rotating magnetic field (RMF) current drive, and secondly as a target plasma to be used in development of diagnostics for the collaboration between Flinders University and the Australian National Fusion Facility. A third goal is to maintain an Australian link to the international ST community at a time when this ST approach to plasma fusion is entering a ''second generation'' phase of larger machines, following the demonstration of resilience to major disruptions on START and MEDUSA, and excellent confinement properties, and ?. Modelling of the optimum operating regime consistent with power supplies available at Flinders University, and comparisons of plasmas prepared by RMF alone with ohmically heated plasmas such as START, are presented to support the need for the design of this OH hot confined target plasma approach to RMF current drive as an alternative to that of pure RMF current drive at higher powers being attempted elsewhere, should that approach not prove successful. Progress on the experiments, which now includes successful tests of the toroidal field system and the OH coil system, is reported. The RMF facility will not be available till late in 1998. The case is made for retaining the valuable equipment resources of the Flinders University plasma research group and negotiating for the transfer of these to the Australian National Fusion Facility at the completion of this project at the end of 1999

183

The first university research reactor in India  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

As the first university research reactor in India, the low power, pool type with fixed core and low enriched uranium fuel research reactor is under construction in the Andhra university campus, Andhra Pradesh, India. The reactor is expected to be commissioned during 2001-2002. The mission of the reactor is to play the research center as a regional research facility catering to the needs of academic institutions and industrial organizations of this region of the country. Further, to encourage interdisplinary and multidisplinary research activities, to supply radioisotope and labelled compounds to the user institutions and to create awareness towards the peaceful uses of atomic energy. This report describes its objectives, status and future plans in brief. (H. Itami)

Murty, G.S. [Co-ordinator, Low Power Research Reactor, Andhra Univ., Visakapatnam (India)

1999-08-01

184

The first university research reactor in India  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As the first university research reactor in India, the low power, pool type with fixed core and low enriched uranium fuel research reactor is under construction in the Andhra university campus, Andhra Pradesh, India. The reactor is expected to be commissioned during 2001-2002. The mission of the reactor is to play the research center as a regional research facility catering to the needs of academic institutions and industrial organizations of this region of the country. Further, to encourage interdisplinary and multidisplinary research activities, to supply radioisotope and labelled compounds to the user institutions and to create awareness towards the peaceful uses of atomic energy. This report describes its objectives, status and future plans in brief. (H. Itami)

185

Methodology of impact assessment of research projects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In the context of the management of research projects development it is necessary to have tools to monitor and evaluate progress and the performance of the projects, as well as their results and the impact on society (international agencies of the United Nations and the States 2002 and 2005 Paris Declaration), with the objective of to ensure their contribution to the social and economic development of countries. Many organizations, agencies and Governments apply different methodologies (IDB, World Bank, UNDP, ECLAC, UNESCO; UNICEF, Canada, Japan, other) for these purposes. In the results-based project management system not only paramount is the process or product itself, but also the result or impact of the project (if the program/project produced the effects desired persons, households and institutions and whether those effects are attributable to the intervention of the program / project). The work shows a methodology that allows for a qualitative and quantitative evaluation of impact of research projects and has been result of experience in project management of international collaboration with the International Agency for Atomic Energy (IAEA) and the Cuban Nuclear programme. (author)

186

Using structuration theory in action research : A intranet development project  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Structuration theory, Giddens' meta theory of social practice, has been used for theorizing the IS field and for analyzing empirical case studies, but has been little used in any practical or action research context. In the action research project reported here, which concerns the development of an intranet in a university department, structurational analysis was woven into the action research framework. This enabled social insight and reflections, which would not have been the primary focus of an analyst using a conventional systems development methodology, and facilitated the shaping of future developments for the intranet. Many of these developments have been implemented and proved successful.

Rose, Jeremy; Lewis, Paul

2001-01-01

187

CRCHD PNP Project: Ohio Patient Navigator Research Program (OPNRP)  

Science.gov (United States)

CRCHD PNP Project: Ohio Patient Navigator Research Program (OPNRP)  Back to CRCHD Ongoing Research PNP Project Listing Patient Navigation Research Program (PNRP) Participating Research Sites DC City-wide Patient Navigation Research Program

188

On Researching Music in the Tartu University  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Musical activities can be generally divided into five fields: music can be created, performed, listened to, researched and taught. During the 375 years of activity of the Tartu University (UT) its members have been active in every of these fields. Least of all music has been taught in the UT as a special subject of study and that is why music in the UT as a mainly educational establishment can seem to be marginal. But university is also a research establishment. And if one follows the rece...

Jaanson, Mart

2007-01-01

189

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project. Final report, project summary  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Proposals for research on solar cooling are presented for four Saudi Arabian universities. The universities are the University of Petroleum and Minerals in Dhahran, King Saud University in Riyadh, King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, and King Faisal University in Dammam. Topics researched include the Rankine cycle, passive solar cooling systems, a solar-powered lithium bromide-water absorption machine and a photovoltaic-powered thermoelectric cooling machine. (BCS)

1986-01-01

190

Creating a Research-Rich Curriculum at Miami University  

Science.gov (United States)

Miami University has attempted in recent years to build upon a collection of individual student research participation opportunities at the University, and develop a comprehensive ``research-rich'' undergraduate curriculum. A major step in this direction was the creation of the Undergraduate Summer Scholars (USS) program. This program provides 10-week summer research experiences with faculty mentors for 100 juniors or seniors each year. The USS Program is not limited to science and engineering areas, as approximately 30 academic departments participate annually. Development of the USS program at Miami was motivated by the University's prior experience with student research appointments funded by the National Science Foundation, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and other sponsoring agencies. The University's evaluation of these earlier student research experiences provided evidence that such experiences were at least as significant in a student's education as formal course work. A second important step in Miami's effort was obtaining a grant from the National Science Foundation's Comprehensive Reform of Undergraduate Education program. This funding enabled the University to enhance the Undergraduate Summer Scholars (USS) Program and evaluate student intellectual growth within the program. Two outcomes of this NSF-funded project are noteworthy: first, the USS program now is firmly established within the University's offerings; second, the evaluation ndicated profound student intellectual growth as a result of mentored research experiences. We will describe the development of the Undergraduate Summer Scholars Program, our evaluation of the Program, and ongoing efforts to extend the benefits of research experience to more students by incorporating research components within traditional coursework.

Rauckhorst, William H.

2007-10-01

191

The Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable 1996 annual report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Government-University-Industry Research Roundtable was created just over a decade ago to provide a unique forum for dialogue among top government, university, and industry leaders in the national science and technology enterprise. The purpose is to facilitate personal working relationships and exchange of ideas about issues, problems, and promising opportunities facing those charged with developing and deploying science and technology resources. In 1996, Council meetings focused on the following: (1) the impact of information technology on the structure of research and educational organizations; (2) ways to improve communication between the science and engineering community and the public; and (3) new approaches both to measuring the results of research investments, and to communicating those metrics to non-technical decision-makers and to the public. Significant milestones were also achieved in four major projects, representing, impart, follow-up activity from previous Council Meeting discussions: (1) facilitating the Federal Demonstration Partnership, designed to maximize the efficiency of the federal research support system; (2) compiling results of a regional workshop on experiences in industry-university collaborative organization; (3) publishing the results of a study comparing the cost structures for research performed in the industrial, academic, and government laboratory sector; and (4) catalyzing, and participating in, a series of campus-based convocations on stresses being experienced in the research university environment.

NONE

1996-12-31

192

The impact of science shops on university research and education  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Science shops are mediating agencies at universities that give citizens and citizen groups access to the resources of the university through co-operation with students and researchers. Science shops have three aims: to support citizens and citizen groups in their efforts getting influence on their daily life; to give students opportunities for real life project work; to renew research and education at the university by drawing attention to new social topics and needs. Based on a case study of the Science Shop at the Technical University of Denmark potentials, prerequisites and limits to the impact of science shops on universities and on society are discussed. A typology for the different types of knowledge requested by citizens and citizen groups through science shops is presented (documentation, knowledge building, development of new perspectives). As important aspects of the potentials, prerequisites and limits to the impact of science shops are discussed the networking between the science shop and the researchers and teachers and with the citizens and other external actors, and the content and the structure of the curricula at the university.

JØrgensen, Michael SØgaard

2000-01-01

193

Promoting Undergraduate Research at Grand Valley State University  

Science.gov (United States)

Grand Valley State University (GVSU) is a relatively young, rapidly growing, predominately undergraduate institution of about 20,000 students located in western Michigan in which undergraduate research plays a vital role in the education of our students. Student research is supported and actively promoted by 1) creating university funding opportunities and taking advantage of small outside funding sources 2) building a tradition of undergraduate research 3) incorporating small research activities into classes and 4) educating students explicitly in how to prepare a professional poster, give a professional talk and write a journal article. As the saying goes, if you have money, the students will come. At GVSU most students recognize the value of a research experience but need income to pay for college expenses. The internally funded Student Summer Scholars program at GVSU provides student salary and faculty stipend for a summer research project (\\6000 per grant). The geology department has also been successful at obtaining grants from the NASA Michigan Space Grant Consortium (\\5,000 plus a 100% GVSU match). We have been successful in using these easier to obtain smaller grants to fund undergraduate projects. In some cases small grants actually allow us to pursue "risky" or otherwise difficult to fund projects. Undergraduate research "counts" at GVSU and once a tradition and critical mass of undergraduate research has been established, it can become self-sustaining. To recognize the achievements of undergraduate research at GVSU, there is an annual Student Scholarship Day in which the students (580 university wide) present the results of their research. Also, by persuading students in our introductory classes (for extra credit) to attend Student Scholarship Day, the students, early in their college career, can see what fellow students can accomplish and student presenters can revel in their role of researcher and educator. Such an event helps to build a tradition of undergraduate research. Students are more likely to tackle larger research projects if they have gained confidence and experience by successfully completing smaller research projects. Many upper level geology courses require that students complete a research project. Research projects can range from investigating the grain size variability of river sediment in sedimentology to analyzing a Superfund site in hydrogeology. The geology department is also committed to instructing all our majors in how to organize and communicate the results of their research. Students are required to complete a course in geology Information Literacy and a geology seminar course. The information literacy course instructs the students in how to search for articles, introduces common graphing and computing software and demonstrates how to design and produce a research poster. In seminar, the entire geology faculty participate and instruct and mentor the students as they prepare a research paper and professional talk. In conclusion, we have created a supportive undergraduate research atmosphere at GVSU by acquiring funding for their research, by training our students in how to conduct and present their research, and, perhaps most importantly, by celebrating their accomplishments.

Riemersma, P.; Mekik, F. A.

2003-12-01

194

Advanced energy projects FY 1994 research summaries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Division of Advanced Energy Projects (AEP) provides support to explore the feasibility of novel, energy-related concepts that evolve from advances in basic research. These concepts are typically at an early stage of scientific definition and, therefore, are premature for consideration by applied research or technology development programs. The AEP also supports high-risk, exploratory concepts that do not readily fit into a program area but could have several applications that may span scientific disciplines or technical areas. Projects supported by the Division arise from unsolicited ideas and concepts submitted by researchers. The portfolio of projects is dynamic and reflects the broad role of the Department in supporting research and development for improving the Nation`s energy outlook. FY 1994 projects include the following topical areas: novel materials for energy technology; renewable and biodegradable materials; exploring uses of new scientific discoveries; alternate pathways to energy efficiency; alternative energy sources; and innovative approaches to waste treatment and reduction. Summaries are given for 66 projects.

1994-09-01

195

[Heavy ion physics research at Creighton University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This research continues the baseline efforts i n the investigation of the behavior of hadronic matter under extreme conditions. The project is concerned with the search for indications of a phase transition from hadronic to quark matter in the STAR, NA44 and NA36 experiments. It is believed that the conditions. This project contributes to the development of a slow control system and time projection chamber tracking for the STAR experiment, upgrades for the NA44 experiment at CERN through studies of a spot focusing Cherenkov-detector, and the remaining analysis of data collected with the NA36 experiment at CERN

196

Advanced energy projects; FY 1995 research summaries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The AEP Division supports projects to explore novel energy-related concepts which are typically at an early stage of scientific development, and high-risk, exploratory concepts. Topical areas presently receiving support are: novel materials for energy technology, renewable and biodegradable materials, exploring uses of new scientific discoveries, alternate pathways to energy efficiency, alternative energy sources, and innovative approaches to waste treatment and reduction. There were 46 research projects during FY 1995; ten were initiated during that fiscal year. The summaries are separated into grant and laboratory programs, and small business innovation research programs.

NONE

1995-09-01

197

"Interventions for Promoting Research Knowledge Translation: Selection and Grading of Research Projects for Decision Makers"  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available "nResearch-based knowledge transfer is considered an important principle in health. The status of knowledge transfer was studied in earlier studies and accordingly certain interventions were designed on the basis of its weaknesses. The idea was to design an algorithm for selection of research projects which are legible for knowledge transfer."nUsing literature review, grading of research projects was examined for its design and methodology. A decision was then made on the method of grading projects using relevant expert opinions. In the next stage, considering the validity of the aforementioned grading, and contextual examination, an algorithm was designed to define the method of selecting projects and their result transfer."nSince articles usually don't convey all the research findings, and don't reach decision makers on time, article writing doesn't seem sufficient for knowledge transfer. It is therefore necessary to adopt a mechanism that will convey valid research findings to target audiences. The algorithm presented in this article will help research authorities systematically decide about selecting research projects for knowledge transfer. Evaluation of this intervention was suggested for future researches. The results of this study can be beneficial to research policy makers in the university.

Saharnaz Nedjat

2009-05-01

198

INFORMATION LITERACY IN PORTUGAL: SOME RESULTS OF A RESEARCH PROJECT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A paper present some data about a project which, although focused on the specific case of Portugal, intents to make a scientific approach of the challenges of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA and its impact in the field of the information literacy, considering the actual context of the Information Society. The main questions that it intents to answer are: understand how the university students face the new competences required by the creation of the EHEA; know how these students are prepared in terms of information competences, in three different moments, i.e., prior to the university, during the university frequency period and at the end of the university degree. The inter and transdiscisplinary approach between the Education, Cognitive Sciences and Information Science are clearly stated in the epistemological and theoretical model that supports it, profiting of the interaction between information needs produced in the educational context and the student’s informational universe and its dynamics, without forgetting to consider the connections of student’s informational behavior with their personal and social context and demands. The study will be performed on a national scale, in order to allow comparisons between regions with different development levels. The sample will include students from both study cycles. The methodology used in this study will be divided in two areas, qualitative and quantitative research. The qualitative research will permit to obtain precious indicators about the students’ information behavior, expectations, needs and use of information. The indicators obtained in qualitative research will be used to design questionnaires, which will to be performed in 17 high schools and 17 universities, with an estimated sample of approximately 2000 students. The final result of this research will be the design of an informational behavior map, at the university level, and the development of a model concerning the promotion of information competences in Portuguese university students.

Armando Malheiro da Silva

2008-06-01

199

Student Investigations of Ozone: An NSF Undergraduate Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

This presentation describes an ongoing collaboration among minority institutions to stimulate student interest in geoscience and atmospheric science related careers with investigations of tropospheric and stratospheric ozone using sounding balloon platforms. The institutions, University of Houston-Downtown, Medgar Evers College, City University of New York and South Carolina State University are partners in a NSF Geoscience Diversity award. These collaborative efforts have included curriculum integration, individual and joint observational activities as well as dedicated workshops in Paradox, New York and Houston, Texas. The efforts have been enhanced by research partners at the University of Houston, University of Rhode Island, Valparaiso University and the New York City National Weather Service. We will present a description of the student-based projects, student perceptions (pre and post workshop) and include pathways that will enable undergraduate students representing minority and underserved populations to persue graduate studies in the geosciences. The project is supported by NSF GEO 0703585. Additional support has been provided by the New York Space Grant Consortium.

Morris, P. A.; Austin, S.; Johnson, L.; Walter, D.

2008-12-01

200

University of Aberdeen Electronics Research Group  

Science.gov (United States)

University of Aberdeen, Electronics Research Group. Topics include artificial neural networks, neural web, hybrid systems and applications, satellite communications - VSATs, site diversity networks, networking - ATM, TCP/IP & X.25 implementation, protocol benchmarking, spread spectrum, and fault tolerant communications. Services provided include online digest archives including Neuron Digest, TidBITS and Alife digest.

 
 
 
 
201

Criticality safety research at the University of Tennessee-Knoxville  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

A list of seven research projects in nuclear criticality safety being conducted at the University of Tennessee is given. One of the projects is very briefly described. The study of space-dependent kinetics analysis of a hypothetical criticality accident involving an array of bottles containing UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} is being conducted for the US DOE, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, K-25 plant. Preliminary results for power versus time are presented, which indicate that space-time effects are significant after approximately 70 seconds. 2 refs., 1 fig.

Dodds, H.L. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)

1997-06-01

202

The Population Research Center at NORC & The University of Chicago  

Science.gov (United States)

With its world-renowned departments of sociology and economics, the University of Chicago has a number of research centers dedicated to looking at various issues of social organization and demography. Founded in 1983, the Population Research Center at NORC (National Opinion Research Center) and the University of Chicago bring together researchers from a variety of fields (including psychology, business, public policy, and economics, among others) to research a number of compelling questions in this broad ranging field. The website is easy to navigate and contains information on post- and pre-doctoral fellowships, staff biographies, and a listing of current research projects. There is a wealth of online data available on current research projects, including work on Chinese health and family life and data from the National Health and Social Life Survey. Equally valuable is the online collection of discussion papers, dating back to 1983, and containing titles such as Movin' on Up? Racial Inequality in Children's Neighborhood Socioecnomic Status, and Marriage Patterns among Israel Palestinians.

203

Factores asociados a la culminación del proyecto de investigación requerido para optar el título de especialista en una universidad peruana / Associated factors with the completion of research project required to obtain a specialist title in a peruvian university  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Determinar la frecuencia y los factores asociados a la culminación del proyecto de investigación requerido para optar el título de especialista en una universidad peruana. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal. La unidad de análisis fue el médico residente egresado duran [...] te los años 2010-2012. Se revisó los archivos de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH). Las variables continuas y categóricas fueron resumidas en medidas de tendencia central y frecuencias, respectivamente. Se compararon los factores presentes en los médicos residentes que teniendo su proyecto aprobado culminaron o no dicho proyecto. Resultados. Doscientos diecisiete médicos residentes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. El 32,7% (71/217) culminó su proyecto en el período mencionado. Los factores que favorecieron la culminación del proyecto fueron: la universidad de procedencia, el índice de publicaciones del asesor, el año académico y la duración del residentado. En el análisis multivariado solo fue significativo: haber realizado tesis durante el pregrado (OR: 3,41; IC 95%: 1,18-9,79) y contar con un asesor con 2 promedio de publicaciones por año (OR: 3,21; IC 95%: 1,01-12,56). Conclusiones. Es baja la frecuencia de culminación de los proyectos de investigación en el residentado médico de la Facultad de Medicina de la UPCH y está asociada a que el médico residente haya realizado investigación durante el pregrado y que cuente con un asesor con elevado índice de publicación por año Abstract in english Objectives: To determine the frequency and associated factors with the completion of research projects done by medical residents. Materials and methods. A descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional case series study was performed. The unit of analysis was the graduated medical resident during 20 [...] 10-2012. The archives of the School of Medicine of the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH) were used. Continuous and categorical variables were summarized in central tendency measures and frequencies, respectively. Factors were considered for medical residents with an approved project and that was or was not completed. Results. 217 medical residents were included in the sample. 32.7% (71/217) completed their project in the study period. Factors favoring the completion of the project were university of origin, the rate of publications of the advisor, academic year, and duration of residency. In the multivariate analysis, the only two significantly associated factors were having done a thesis during undergraduate studies (OR: 3.41; IC 95%: 1.18-9.79), and having an advisor with an average of 2.0 (OR: 3.21; IC 95%: 1.01-12.56) publications per year. Conclusions. The completion frequency of the research projects in medical residency of the School of Medicine of the UPCH is associated with whether the medical resident performed a research during his undergraduate studies and has an advisor with a high rate of publications per year

Ray, Ticse; Oscar, Pamo; Frine, Samalvides; Tania, Quispe.

2014-03-01

204

Factores asociados a la culminación del proyecto de investigación requerido para optar el título de especialista en una universidad peruana / Associated factors with the completion of research project required to obtain a specialist title in a peruvian university  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Determinar la frecuencia y los factores asociados a la culminación del proyecto de investigación requerido para optar el título de especialista en una universidad peruana. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal. La unidad de análisis fue el médico residente egresado duran [...] te los años 2010-2012. Se revisó los archivos de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH). Las variables continuas y categóricas fueron resumidas en medidas de tendencia central y frecuencias, respectivamente. Se compararon los factores presentes en los médicos residentes que teniendo su proyecto aprobado culminaron o no dicho proyecto. Resultados. Doscientos diecisiete médicos residentes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. El 32,7% (71/217) culminó su proyecto en el período mencionado. Los factores que favorecieron la culminación del proyecto fueron: la universidad de procedencia, el índice de publicaciones del asesor, el año académico y la duración del residentado. En el análisis multivariado solo fue significativo: haber realizado tesis durante el pregrado (OR: 3,41; IC 95%: 1,18-9,79) y contar con un asesor con ? 2 promedio de publicaciones por año (OR: 3,21; IC 95%: 1,01-12,56). Conclusiones. Es baja la frecuencia de culminación de los proyectos de investigación en el residentado médico de la Facultad de Medicina de la UPCH y está asociada a que el médico residente haya realizado investigación durante el pregrado y que cuente con un asesor con elevado índice de publicación por año Abstract in english Objectives: To determine the frequency and associated factors with the completion of research projects done by medical residents. Materials and methods. A descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional case series study was performed. The unit of analysis was the graduated medical resident during 20 [...] 10-2012. The archives of the School of Medicine of the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH) were used. Continuous and categorical variables were summarized in central tendency measures and frequencies, respectively. Factors were considered for medical residents with an approved project and that was or was not completed. Results. 217 medical residents were included in the sample. 32.7% (71/217) completed their project in the study period. Factors favoring the completion of the project were university of origin, the rate of publications of the advisor, academic year, and duration of residency. In the multivariate analysis, the only two significantly associated factors were having done a thesis during undergraduate studies (OR: 3.41; IC 95%: 1.18-9.79), and having an advisor with an average of ? 2.0 (OR: 3.21; IC 95%: 1.01-12.56) publications per year. Conclusions. The completion frequency of the research projects in medical residency of the School of Medicine of the UPCH is associated with whether the medical resident performed a research during his undergraduate studies and has an advisor with a high rate of publications per year

Ray, Ticse; Oscar, Pamo; Frine, Samalvides; Tania, Quispe.

2014-01-01

205

Factores asociados a la culminación del proyecto de investigación requerido para optar el título de especialista en una universidad peruana / Associated factors with the completion of research project required to obtain a specialist title in a peruvian university  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Determinar la frecuencia y los factores asociados a la culminación del proyecto de investigación requerido para optar el título de especialista en una universidad peruana. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal. La unidad de análisis fue el médico residente egresado duran [...] te los años 2010-2012. Se revisó los archivos de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH). Las variables continuas y categóricas fueron resumidas en medidas de tendencia central y frecuencias, respectivamente. Se compararon los factores presentes en los médicos residentes que teniendo su proyecto aprobado culminaron o no dicho proyecto. Resultados. Doscientos diecisiete médicos residentes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. El 32,7% (71/217) culminó su proyecto en el período mencionado. Los factores que favorecieron la culminación del proyecto fueron: la universidad de procedencia, el índice de publicaciones del asesor, el año académico y la duración del residentado. En el análisis multivariado solo fue significativo: haber realizado tesis durante el pregrado (OR: 3,41; IC 95%: 1,18-9,79) y contar con un asesor con 2 promedio de publicaciones por año (OR: 3,21; IC 95%: 1,01-12,56). Conclusiones. Es baja la frecuencia de culminación de los proyectos de investigación en el residentado médico de la Facultad de Medicina de la UPCH y está asociada a que el médico residente haya realizado investigación durante el pregrado y que cuente con un asesor con elevado índice de publicación por año Abstract in english Objectives: To determine the frequency and associated factors with the completion of research projects done by medical residents. Materials and methods. A descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional case series study was performed. The unit of analysis was the graduated medical resident during 20 [...] 10-2012. The archives of the School of Medicine of the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH) were used. Continuous and categorical variables were summarized in central tendency measures and frequencies, respectively. Factors were considered for medical residents with an approved project and that was or was not completed. Results. 217 medical residents were included in the sample. 32.7% (71/217) completed their project in the study period. Factors favoring the completion of the project were university of origin, the rate of publications of the advisor, academic year, and duration of residency. In the multivariate analysis, the only two significantly associated factors were having done a thesis during undergraduate studies (OR: 3.41; IC 95%: 1.18-9.79), and having an advisor with an average of 2.0 (OR: 3.21; IC 95%: 1.01-12.56) publications per year. Conclusions. The completion frequency of the research projects in medical residency of the School of Medicine of the UPCH is associated with whether the medical resident performed a research during his undergraduate studies and has an advisor with a high rate of publications per year

Ray, Ticse; Oscar, Pamo; Frine, Samalvides; Tania, Quispe.

206

Factores asociados a la culminación del proyecto de investigación requerido para optar el título de especialista en una universidad peruana / Associated factors with the completion of research project required to obtain a specialist title in a peruvian university  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Determinar la frecuencia y los factores asociados a la culminación del proyecto de investigación requerido para optar el título de especialista en una universidad peruana. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio transversal. La unidad de análisis fue el médico residente egresado duran [...] te los años 2010-2012. Se revisó los archivos de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH). Las variables continuas y categóricas fueron resumidas en medidas de tendencia central y frecuencias, respectivamente. Se compararon los factores presentes en los médicos residentes que teniendo su proyecto aprobado culminaron o no dicho proyecto. Resultados. Doscientos diecisiete médicos residentes cumplieron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. El 32,7% (71/217) culminó su proyecto en el período mencionado. Los factores que favorecieron la culminación del proyecto fueron: la universidad de procedencia, el índice de publicaciones del asesor, el año académico y la duración del residentado. En el análisis multivariado solo fue significativo: haber realizado tesis durante el pregrado (OR: 3,41; IC 95%: 1,18-9,79) y contar con un asesor con ? 2 promedio de publicaciones por año (OR: 3,21; IC 95%: 1,01-12,56). Conclusiones. Es baja la frecuencia de culminación de los proyectos de investigación en el residentado médico de la Facultad de Medicina de la UPCH y está asociada a que el médico residente haya realizado investigación durante el pregrado y que cuente con un asesor con elevado índice de publicación por año Abstract in english Objectives: To determine the frequency and associated factors with the completion of research projects done by medical residents. Materials and methods. A descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional case series study was performed. The unit of analysis was the graduated medical resident during 20 [...] 10-2012. The archives of the School of Medicine of the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia (UPCH) were used. Continuous and categorical variables were summarized in central tendency measures and frequencies, respectively. Factors were considered for medical residents with an approved project and that was or was not completed. Results. 217 medical residents were included in the sample. 32.7% (71/217) completed their project in the study period. Factors favoring the completion of the project were university of origin, the rate of publications of the advisor, academic year, and duration of residency. In the multivariate analysis, the only two significantly associated factors were having done a thesis during undergraduate studies (OR: 3.41; IC 95%: 1.18-9.79), and having an advisor with an average of ? 2.0 (OR: 3.21; IC 95%: 1.01-12.56) publications per year. Conclusions. The completion frequency of the research projects in medical residency of the School of Medicine of the UPCH is associated with whether the medical resident performed a research during his undergraduate studies and has an advisor with a high rate of publications per year

Ray, Ticse; Oscar, Pamo; Frine, Samalvides; Tania, Quispe.

207

Western Kentucky University Research Foundation Biodiesel Project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Petroleum-based liquid hydrocarbons is exclusively major energy source in the transportation sector. Thus, it is the major CO{sub 2} source which is the associated with greenhouse effect. In the United States alone, petroleum consumption in the transportation sector approaches 13.8 million barrels per day (Mbbl/d). It is corresponding to a release of 0.53 gigatons of carbon per year (GtC/yr), which accounts for approximate 7.6 % of the current global release of CO{sub 2} from all of the fossil fuel usage (7 GtC/yr). For the long term, the conventional petroleum production is predicted to peak in as little as the next 10 years to as high as the next 50 years. Negative environmental consequences, the frequently roaring petroleum prices, increasing petroleum utilization and concerns about competitive supplies of petroleum have driven dramatic interest in producing alternative transportation fuels, such as electricity-based, hydrogen-based and bio-based transportation alternative fuels. Use of either of electricity-based or hydrogen-based alternative energy in the transportation sector is currently laden with technical and economical challenges. The current energy density of commercial batteries is 175 Wh/kg of battery. At a storage pressure of 680 atm, the lower heating value (LHV) of H{sub 2} is 1.32 kWh/liter. In contrast, the corresponding energy density for gasoline can reach as high as 8.88 kWh/liter. Furthermore, the convenience of using a liquid hydrocarbon fuel through the existing infrastructures is a big deterrent to replacement by both batteries and hydrogen. Biomass-derived ethanol and bio-diesel (biofuels) can be two promising and predominant U.S. alternative transportation fuels. Both their energy densities and physical properties are comparable to their relatives of petroleum-based gasoline and diesel, however, biofuels are significantly environmental-benign. Ethanol can be made from the sugar-based or starch-based biomass materials, which is easily fermented to create ethanol. In the United States almost all starch ethanol is mainly manufactured from corn grains. The technology for manufacturing corn ethanol can be considered mature as of the late 1980s. In 2005, 14.3 % of the U.S. corn harvest was processed to produce 1.48 x10{sup 10} liters of ethanol, energetically equivalent to 1.72 % of U.S. gasoline usage. Soybean oil is extracted from 1.5 % of the U.S. soybean harvest to produce 2.56 x 10{sup 8} liters of bio-diesel, which was 0.09 % of U.S. diesel usage. However, reaching maximum rates of bio-fuel supply from corn and soybeans is unlikely because these crops are presently major contributors to human food supplies through livestock feed and direct consumption. Moreover, there currently arguments on that the conversion of many types of many natural landscapes to grow corn for feedstock is likely to create substantial carbon emissions that will exacerbate globe warming. On the other hand, there is a large underutilized resource of cellulose biomass from trees, grasses, and nonedible parts of crops that could serve as a feedstock. One of the potentially significant new bio-fuels is so called "cellulosic ethanol", which is dependent on break-down by microbes or enzymes. Because of technological limitations (the wider variety of molecular structures in cellulose and hemicellulose requires a wider variety of microorganisms to break them down) and other cost hurdles (such as lower kinetics), cellulosic ethanol can currently remain in lab scales. Considering farm yields, commodity and fuel prices, farm energy and agrichemical inputs, production plant efficiencies, byproduct production, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and other environmental effects, a life-cycle evaluation of competitive indicated that corn ethanol yields 25 % more energy than the energy invested in its production, whereas soybean bio-diesel yields 93 % more. Relative to the fossil fuels they displace, greenhouse gas emissions are reduced 12 % by the production and combustion of ethanol and 41 % by bio-diesel. Bio-diesel also releas

Pan, Wei-Ping [Principal Investigator; Cao, Yan [Co-Principal Investigator

2013-03-15

208

Welfare Quality® project: from scientific research to on farm assessment of animal welfare  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Welfare Quality® is the acronym of the European research project “Integration of ani- mal welfare in the food quality chain: from public concern to improved welfare and transparent quality”. This European project is focused on the integration of animal welfare in the food quality chain. Italian researchers from University of Milan, Naples, Padua, Parma and Pisa are involved in different tasks of this project. The second sub-project of Welfare Quality® aims to develop asses...

Linda Keeling; Elisabetta Canali

2010-01-01

209

University of Aberdeen: Dryland Rivers Research  

Science.gov (United States)

This University of Aberdeen website "is intended to stimulate research by providing an information focus and provoking networking between those working on dryland rivers and the sediments they leave behind." Following an introduction to the subjects covered at the site and the latest news, users can discover what drylands are and why they occur. Researchers can explore the work of numerous researchers related to geomorphology, sedimentology, processes, techniques, and environment and engineering. Visitors can read posts on the bulletin board, and after registering, can reply to an item. Teachers can find educational materials and pictures in the Images link.

North, Colin P.

210

Outline of research project on nuclear fusion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

When the advance of nuclear fusion research during 10 years hereafter is predicted, the next project should start the research toward nuclear burning, adopt the diversified ways, and develop the research in wide related fields. The central subject such as the containment of plasma is studied with large experimental facilities, but in the related fields, the research subsidies must be utilized positively. The research on nuclear fusion is organized as the special research composed of the group of research subjects, of which the term is set to be 7 to 10 years. The organization to perform the research comprises 6 groups, 1) reactor materials and plasma-wall interaction, 2) science and engineering of tritium and influence on living things, 3) fundamentals of core control, 4) development of superconducting magnets, 5) design and evaluation of nuclear fusion reactors, and 6) general management group. The distribution and management of the scientific research subsidy are explained. All the subjects of planned and publicly invited research are listed, and the researchers concerned, the amount of subsidy, the objective and the plan of execution in fiscal 1980 of each research are outlined. (Kako, I.)

211

Advanced Energy Projects FY 1996 research summaries  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The mission of the Advanced Energy Projects Division (AEP) is to explore the scientific feasibility of novel energy-related concepts. These concepts are typically at an early stage of scientific development and, therefore, are premature for consideration by applied research or technology development programs. The portfolio of projects is dynamic, but reflects the broad role of the Department in supporting research and development for improving the Nation`s energy posture. Topical areas presently receiving support include: alternative energy sources; innovative concepts for energy conversion and storage; alternate pathways to energy efficiency; exploring uses of new scientific discoveries; biologically-based energy concepts; renewable and biodegradable materials; novel materials for energy technology; and innovative approaches to waste treatment and reduction. Summaries of the 70 projects currently being supported are presented. Appendices contain budget information and investigator and institutional indices.

NONE

1996-09-01

212

Natural Resources Mini-Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

This activity is a mini-research project in which students independently investigate the variety of natural resources mined from the Earth and the broader implications of this mining. Students then give very short presentations of their findings to the class as a whole.

Pope, Emily; Egger, Anne

213

THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH PROJECT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In the context that the management “in spreading everywhere in the modern society” (T. Gavril?, V.Lefter, 2002 and that is “part of the every social institution” (P. Drucker gets a major importance concerning the elaboration and promotion of the scientific research projects from superior education. The promotion of the managerial thinking in the framework of the (multiannual scientific research projects fulfills major roles and generates a remarkable potential impact to some essential components, having effects in the positive and decisive influence of the work processes realized in systemic and synergic context in order to achieve the goal.Starting from the previous expressed premise that the management is part of any social institution, the promotion of the managerial thinking within the framework of the scientific research project concept realized by us was reflected by the content elements that will be revealed forward. In the framework of the conceptualization phase, by the promotion of the management through objectives, there were formulated five objectives that wereconsidered by us as necessary in order to achieve the purpose that results from the research project theme

MIHAILESCU Nicolae

2010-04-01

214

Fuel Cell Research at the University of South Carolina  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Five projects are proposed, in an effort to supplement the efforts of fuel cell research at the University of South Carolina and to contribute to the Technical Plan for Fuel Cells of the Department of Energy. These efforts include significant interaction with the industrial community through DOE funded projects and through the National Science Foundation’s Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Fuel Cells. The allocation of projects described below leverage all of these sources of funding without overlap and redundancy. The first project “Novel Non-Precious Metal Catalyst For PEMFCs,” (Dr. Branko Popov) continues DOE award DE-FC36-03GO13108 for which funding was delayed by DOE due to budget constraints. The purpose of this project is to develop an understanding of the feasibility and limitations of metal-free catalysts. The second project, “Non Carbon Supported Catalysts” (Dr. John Weidner), is focused on improved catalysts and seeks to develop novel materials, which are more corrosion resistant. This corrosion behavior is critical during transient operation and during start-up and shutdown. This second project will be leveraged with recent, peer-reviewed, supplemental funding from NSF for use in the National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Fuel Cells (CFC) at USC. The third project, “Hydrogen Quality,” (Dr. Jean St-Pierre) will support the cross-program effort on H2 quality and focus on supporting subteam 1. We assume this task because of we have performed experiments and developed models that describe performance losses associated with CO, NH3, H2S contaminants in the hydrogen fuel feed to laboratory-scale single cells. That work has been focused on reformate fed to a stationary PEMFC and relatively high concentrations of these contaminants, this project will seek to apply that knowledge to the issue of hydrogen fuel quality as it relates to transportation needs. As part of this project USC and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) will explore, in a collaborative effort, the usefulness of a techniques developed at ORNL to measure differences in the extent of contaminates adsorption with a spatially resolved mass spectrometer. A subcontract will be issued to ORNL for this part of this task. The fourth project, “Gaskets” (Dr. Y.J. (Bill) Chao), will complement industrial sponsorship of Project 25C in the National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Fuel Cells (CFC) at USC. We have found some materials that give relatively good initial performance and minimal long-term stress relaxation but their raw material cost is higher than that desired by stack and component suppliers. In this fourth project our goals is to obtain a fundamental understanding of the degradation mechanisms of existing gasket and seal materials in a PEMFC environment. We seek to explain the interactions of chemical and mechanical stresses that decrease the long-term durability of both existing and new sealing materials. The fifth project, “Modeling the Acid Loss in PBI-type High Temperature Membranes,” (Dr. Sirivatch (Vatch) Shimpalee) will support the development of stationary, but the fundamental studies of acid transport should have applications as new high-temperature membranes are developed for transportation and other early market fuel cells. We will work with Plug Power, Inc. (PLUG) to develop a model that will allow for long-term prediction of acid loss from PBI-type High Temperature Membranes (HTM) fuel cells. This project seeks to complete tasks which were under funded in FY2006 due to DOE budget constraints.

Van Zee, John W.

2006-09-25

215

Project outline of high quality electron beam generation at Waseda University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

High quality electron beam generation project has been started at Waseda University under the grant of Ministry of Education, named High-Tech Research Center Project. In the project, we will install a laser photo-cathode RF Gun system with 1.6 accelerating structure cells of s-band and a stabilized RF power source. This RF Gun is expected to produce single electron bunch up to 1 or 2nC with around 10ps pulse duration. (author)

216

University bioscientists' risk epistemologies and research problem choices  

Science.gov (United States)

Scientific discoveries take place within scientific communities that are established in legitimating organizations such as universities and research institutes. Often times, scientists undergo tensions and paradoxes as they evaluate the risks they are willing to accept in their work. The types of risk/benefit decisions scientists make to determine which research projects to engage in and how they engage in them is more important than ever, due to current restrictions on funding for scientific research. The main objective of this dissertation is to analyze the ways in which university bioscientists define, evaluate, and manage risks in science, i.e. their risk epistemologies. In the process, I examine bioscientists' risk perceptions and demographic and contextual factors that influence those perceptions. Additionally, I investigate the associations between risk perceptions and research problem choices. This dissertation followed a mix-methods approach. The data collection included twenty semi-structured in-depth interviews and a large-scale online survey of university bioscientists. Based on three theoretically driven research questions that surfaced through examining current literature, I organized the dissertation into three different essays. The first essay explores risk epistemologies of university bioscientists as they determine the best trajectories for their scientific careers. This essay analyses data gathered by conducting in-depth interviews meant to elicit university bioscientists' different understandings of the notion of risk. The second essay quantifies bioscientists' risk perceptions using data gathered from the online survey. In this essay, I investigate the influence of life-course, gender, sources of funding, research orientation, network interactions, and perceived significance of research on risk perception. In the third essay I use data gathered from the online survey to investigate the associations between university bioscientists' risk perceptions and their research problem choices. The results suggest that risk is a useful paradigm to study decision-making in science. In making scientific risk decisions, at times scientists conform to the existing institutional structures. Other times they challenge them, persist through them, or compromise their actions. Bioscientists' risk epistemologies matter to the extent that these allow for more creative ways in which individual scientists can navigate the institutional environments that they are embedded in. Risk perceptions of university bioscientists differ based on the specific dimension of risk under investigation. Several significant relationships between perceived risks and problem choice orientations have emerged through the data analysis. Overall, university bioscientists' risk epistemologies seem to be related to the unique reward structure of science, compelling them to use various risk management techniques while navigating their research environments.

Appuhamilage Dilshani Eranga Sarathchandra, Walakada

217

JUPITER PROJECT - JOINT UNIVERSAL PARAMETER IDENTIFICATION AND EVALUATION OF RELIABILITY  

Science.gov (United States)

The JUPITER (Joint Universal Parameter IdenTification and Evaluation of Reliability) project builds on the technology of two widely used codes for sensitivity analysis, data assessment, calibration, and uncertainty analysis of environmental models: PEST and UCODE....

218

Research projects of STUK 2009 - 2011  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The research conducted by the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK) serves the whole organisation's mission: to protect people, society, the environment and future generations from the harmful effects of radiation. The Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority's strategy was revised in 2006 and the research agenda prepared on the basis of the strategy covers the years 2007 - 2011. This report summarises STUK's ongoing research projects during the latter half of the strategy period, from 2009 - 2011. More information on the research, researchers and publications of the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority is available at STUK's website: www.stuk.fi. STUK's main research areas are the health effects of radiation, exposure to radon and its prevention, environmental research and preparedness for nuclear and radiation threats and accidents. Supervision in the medical use of radiation and non-ionising radiation is also supported by research, and more accurate and reliable methods of measurement are being developed. During 2009 - 2011, STUK has been actively developing strategic research agendas with European research organisations and funding bodies, with the aim of sustainable integration and long-term commitment to co-operation under a joint research programme. These multidisciplinary research agendas address priorities in low dose risk research as well as radioecology and emergency preparedness. Implementation of the integration process is supported by Networks of Excellence funded by the 7th Framework Program of Euratom. STUK is coordinating the Network of Excellence 'Low Dose Research Towards Multidisciplinary Integration' (DoReMi) during 2010 - 2015. The development of novel technologies for nuclear security applications is another newly emerging field of research at STUK. (orig.)

Salomaa, S.; Sulonen, N. (eds.)

2011-07-01

219

Monitoring Anthropogenic Carbon, A Classroom Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the past three years high school students have participated in an authentic inquiry based research project to explore the carbon cycle, including the influence of fossil fuel CO2 emissions in northern Central California. This collaborative venture is multi-disciplinary and has included students from Environmental Systems, Chemistry, Physics and Biology. Students were engaged to collect leaves from wild mustard (Brissica spp), a common annual easily identified by the students, which grows during the winter and early spring in Northern California. During photosynthesis plants fix carbon from the atmosphere and the leaves can be used as a novel means to integrate atmospheric constituents including isotopes of carbon. Our focus has been using the lack of radiocarbon in fossil fuel carbon as a negative tracer. One of the primary goals of this research project has been to articulate the real world application of science in the community. The students calculate the local ‘loading’ of fossil fuel CO2 relative to clean air (Mauna Loa, HI). In 2011, we will be scaling the project to include three additional schools in California. The concept of this project is quite simple and could be exported nationally providing a unique inquiry based project that students can participate in.

Reese, D.; Wedel, K.; Guilderson, T. P.

2010-12-01

220

Journeying between the Education and Hospital Zones in a Collaborative Action Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors present their journey through the development of an action research project based on collaboration between university health lecturers and a practice development and research nurse in an NHS Trust hospital. The project was designed to raise awareness and improve the practice of all staff in relation to the dignity and respect shown to…

Crow, Jayne; Smith, Lesley; Keenan, Iain

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Implementation and Outcomes of Online Self and Peer Assessment on Group Based Honours Research Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

Honours research projects in the School of Civil, Environmental and Mining Engineering at the University of Adelaide are run with small groups of students working with an academic supervisor in a chosen area for one year. The research project is mainly self-directed study, which makes it very difficult to fairly assess the contribution of…

Wu, Chengqing; Chanda, Emmanuel; Willison, John

2014-01-01

222

"It's Really Making a Difference": How Small-Scale Research Projects Can Enhance Teaching and Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

Following an internal evaluation exercise, using Action Research, this paper identifies the positive impact of small-scale research projects on teaching and learning at a single case study UK University. Clear evidence is given of how the projects benefited students and staff, and enhanced institutional culture. Barriers to better practice are…

Dexter, Barbara; Seden, Roy

2012-01-01

223

IAEA Guidelines for New Research Reactor Projects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In recent years, the interest of the IAEA Member States in developing research reactor (RR) programmes has been steadily growing. Currently a number of Member States are in different stages of new research reactor projects. Some of these Member States are building their first research reactor as their country's introduction to nuclear science and technology infrastructure. To support Member States in such efforts, the IAEA published in 2012 a Nuclear Energy Series Report NP-T-5.1: 'Specific Considerations and Milestones for a New Research Reactor Project'. This publication provides guidance on the timely preparation of a research reactor project through a sequential development process. It includes a detailed description of the range of infrastructure issues that need to be addressed and the expected level of achievement (or milestones) at the end of each phase of the project. The publication provides a discussion of the mechanisms for justification of a research reactor, and for building stakeholder support. It includes both the technical, legal, regulatory and safety infrastructure, and the development of qualified human resources needed for a research reactor. The publication also addresses the evolution of infrastructure needs from the time a Member State first considers a research reactor and its associated facilities, through the stages of planning, bid preparation, construction, start-up, and preparation for commissioning. The subsequent stages of operation, decommissioning, spent fuel and waste management issues are addressed in the publication to the degree necessary for appropriate planning prior to research reactor commissioning. The feedback from the IAEA activities, in particular from Member States establishing their first research reactor, indicated the need for further guidance on the development of the technical specifications for the bidding process of a research reactor project. In responding to these needs, a Nuclear Energy Series Report on 'Technical Requirements in the Bidding Process for a New Research Reactor' (Nuclear Energy Series Report NP-T-5.6) was developed and is currently under publication process. This document is meant to bridge the gap between the feasibility study for a new research reactor and the call for bids. The publication also addresses the preparation phase of the bidding process and discusses criteria that may be used in the evaluation of the bids. The guidance applies to all reactor types and technologies and it is not recommending a specific reactor type or technology or a specific design. However, it is assumed that the publication will be used by a Member State that has made a knowledgeable commitment to build a safe, sustainable, robust-design and easy-maintainable research reactor. While the guidance provided by this publication is intended mainly to be used by Member States building their first research reactor, it might be suitable for Member States building a subsequent one. The above mentioned publications should be used in conjunction with the IAEA publications on research reactor safety and utilization, in particular the Code of Conduct on the Safety of Research Reactors and the supporting IAEA Safety Standards. This paper presents an overview of the publications and discusses follow-up activities with Member States for their effective application

224

Photovoltaic advanced research and development project: Solar radiation research  

Science.gov (United States)

This report is a summary of 1991's research activities and results under the Solar Radiation Research task of the Photovoltaic (PV) Advanced Research and Development project at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). This task directly supports the characterization, testing, and design of PV cells modules, and systems. The development of a scientific and engineering understanding of incident (i.e., available to PV devices) solar irradiance and the appropriate instrumentation systems and measurement methods are the activities and results of this project. Activities described in this report include the completion of the Atmospheric Optical Calibration Systems (AOCS) and the comparison of instrumentation systems that collect site-specific measurements of solar irradiance for the purpose of PV system feasibility studies and/or design.

Hulstrom, R.; Cannon, T.; Stoffel, T.; Riordan, C.

1992-10-01

225

Project for a renewable energy research centre  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In Liguria, where sustainable approaches to the design, construction and management of buildings enjoy scant currency, the idea of a company from Milan (FERA s.r.l. setting up a research centre for studies into renewable energy resources, could well open up very interesting development opportunities.The project includes: environmental rehabilitation (restoration projects; strategies for the protection of water resources and waste management systems; passive and active solar systems (solar thermal and experiments with thermodynamic solar energy; hyperinsulation systems, passive cooling of buildings; use of natural materials; bio-climatic use of vegetation. The author describes the project content within the context of the multidisciplinary work that has gone into it.

Andrea Giachetta

2011-04-01

226

The Belgian Veterinary Project at the College of Veterinary Medicine of the University of the Philippines at Los Banos  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available From 1990 to 1993, through a project of cooperation between the University of Gent and the University of the Philippines, a mobile veterinary clinic and diagnostic laboratory for swine diseases was established at the College of Veterinary Medicine at Los Banos, Philippines. This report describes the background of the project and its achievements in the field of extension services and research.

Van Aken, D.

1993-01-01

227

First Student Project at the University of Tennessee at Martin Observatory  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Tennessee at Martin has recently completed the construction and setup of an observatory. The dome houses a 16" Meade telescope with SBIG STL-11000M CCD. For its first project, observations of the Delta Scuti type variable SZ Lynx were taken in March and analyzed using MiraPRO. A simple ephemeris calculation was done, and compared to previous results. This project was done under the University Scholars program, a four year scholarship program which includes a faculty-mentored research project.

Crews, Lionel J.; Turner, K.; Wesner, P.

2011-05-01

228

New Research Reactor Project in Korea  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

New research reactor project in Korea aims to increase self-sufficiency in terms of medical and industrial radioisotope supply, to enlarge the supply of NTD silicon doping and to make up the advanced technology related to research reactor. As a major national project for nuclear science and engineering in Korea, this project has been officially started on Apr. 2012 funded by the Government and Local Governments, Kijang-Gun and Busan City, that accommodate this facility in their land. It has five years project schedule from design to commissioning just before starting the normal operation in 2017. KAERI, who is the owner contracted with the Government, is doing the design by itself based on our own knowledge and experiences from the KRR-1, KRR-2 and HANARO. The reactor is be composed of 8.0 g/cc U-Mo fuel, which is the First-of-a-kind application in world, and will be enable of operating over 300 days per year and 60% high burn-up pertinently to produce the required neutron flux. It is expected that the construction permit application will be submitted to regulatory body by the first half of 2014 and the first criticality by 2017

229

Research projects in radiobiology and radiation protection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Of the research projects sponsored by the International Atomic Energy Agency quite a large number are concerned with the biological effects of ionizing radiation. That itself, of course, is a very wide field covering such subjects as the nature and mechanism of radiation damage, genetic mutations, the varying radiosensitivity of different organisms, ways of modifying the natural sensitivity or resistance, and biological and chemical means of protection. In all these branches of enquiry, the Agency has awarded research contracts to scientific institutes or laboratories in different countries

230

38 CFR 21.390 - Rehabilitation research and special projects.  

Science.gov (United States)

...Chapter 31 Rehabilitation Research and Special Projects § 21.390 Rehabilitation research and special projects...knowledge, methods, techniques, and resources available...purpose, VA may conduct research and development,...

2010-07-01

231

Data management for community research projects: A JGOFS case study  

Science.gov (United States)

Since the mid 1980s, much of the marine science research effort in the United Kingdom has been focused into large scale collaborative projects involving public sector laboratories and university departments, termed Community Research Projects. Two of these, the Biogeochemical Ocean Flux Study (BOFS) and the North Sea Project incorporated large scale data collection to underpin multidisciplinary modeling efforts. The challenge of providing project data sets to support the science was met by a small team within the British Oceanographic Data Centre (BODC) operating as a topical data center. The role of the data center was to both work up the data from the ship's sensors and to combine these data with sample measurements into online databases. The working up of the data was achieved by a unique symbiosis between data center staff and project scientists. The project management, programming and data processing skills of the data center were combined with the oceanographic experience of the project communities to develop a system which has produced quality controlled, calibrated data sets from 49 research cruises in 3.5 years of operation. The data center resources required to achieve this were modest and far outweighed by the time liberated in the scientific community by the removal of the data processing burden. Two online project databases have been assembled containing a very high proportion of the data collected. As these are under the control of BODC their long term availability as part of the UK national data archive is assured. The success of the topical data center model for UK Community Research Project data management has been founded upon the strong working relationships forged between the data center and project scientists. These can only be established by frequent personal contact and hence the relatively small size of the UK has been a critical factor. However, projects covering a larger, even international scale could be successfully supported by a network of topical data centers managing online databases which are interconnected by object oriented distributed data management systems over wide area networks.

Lowry, Roy K.

1992-01-01

232

Research Project for Increasing the Pool of Minority Engineers  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) funded the 2001-2002 Tennessee State University (TSU) Research Project for increasing the pool of minority engineers. The NASA GRC/TSU Research Project is designed to develop a cadre of SMET professionals who have academic and research expertise in technical areas of interest to NASA, in addition to having some familiarity with the mission of the NASA Glenn Research Center. The goal of increasing minority participation in SMET disciplines was accomplished by: (1) introducing and exposing 96 minority youth to Science, Math, Engineering, and Technology (SMET) careers and to the required high school preparation necessary to make high school graduation, college attendance and engineering careers a reality through the campus based pre-college SMET program: Minority Introduction to Engineering (MITE); (2) by providing financial support through scholarships for four (4) TSU engineering students to NASA; (3) familiarization with the SMET profession and with NASA through summer internships at NASA GRC for two TSU NASA Glenn Research Scholars; and experiences through research internships at NASA GRC.

Gott, Susan F. (Technical Monitor); Rogers, Decatur B.

2003-01-01

233

Advanced control research at the Pennsylvania State University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper summarizes several current control research projects at the Pennsylvania State University which have potential application for improving nuclear power plant operation. This research is grouped into 3 broad categories: (1) intelligent control including automated decision making, coordinating control, and reconfigurable control, (2) advanced algorithms using optimal, robust, fuzzy, and neural network control, and (3) distributed implementation with commercially available microprocessor-based controllers. These research activities encompass theoretical development coupled with experimental verification. Much of the early experimental verification and demonstration has been conducted using simulation experiments. However, current work is now beginning to include physical verification using the Penn State TRIGA nuclear research reactor and the Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR-11) power plant operated by the Argonne National Laboratory at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory

234

University-Industry Research Collaborations of Small-Medium Enterprises - An Insight from Japan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The intensity and extent of university-industry research collaborations (UIRCs are important for the support of small-medium enterprises (SMEs and the activities of economy since the rate of SMEs is high in the regional area such as Niigata except in the urban area in Japan. In this paper, Niigata, one of the areas in which SMEs are almost occupied, the joint research projects between the university and industry in Niigata University, schemes to joint research projects, and successful cases are discussed.

Kawasaki Kazumasa

2009-01-01

235

Making It Real: Project Managing Strategic e-Learning Development Processes in a Large, Campus-Based University  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Sydney is a large, research-intensive, campus-based Australian University. Since 2004 a strategic initiative of project-based eLearning support has been creating teams of non-academic and academic staff, who have worked together to develop online resources to meet identified needs. The University's aims in continuing to provide…

Ward, Mary-Helen; West, Sandra; Peat, Mary; Atkinson, Susan

2010-01-01

236

Application of AHP and Fuzzy theory in the Scientific Research Projects Management  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Today, the number of scientific research projects in universities is increasing. The content and system will be more and more complex. The technology in projects will be advanced. And the cost will increase too. The project management involves various factors. More and more uncertain factors will increase the project risk of demonstrating and studying. At present, we still lack the valid means in risk identification, evaluation, control and management in universities. Therefore, the risk management study of scientific research projects has great importance and pressure. In this paper, AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process and fuzzy theory are applied into the scientific research projects management. We analyzed the risk factors and determined the indexes. Risk grades and the evaluation model are built. A simulation example is given. The results of our study give references to the risk control and decision of scientific research management, which can be used directly in reality. It also has reference value to other kinds of risk management.

Lijun Zhang

2013-03-01

237

Analysis of the economic adaptation of Sami reindeer management - A co-operation project between Nordic Sami Institute (NSI and Umeå University (UU, Centre for Sami Research (CESAM (In Norwegian with Summary in English  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In spite of low economic return in Sami reindeer management in most regions, there has been an increasing human population in the reindeer industry during the latest decades. This deviates from the expectations given by modern purpose rationality. There are indications that the reindeer managing Sami practices in Weberian sense a substantial rationality. Analysis at hand indicate close connections between landscape, management type, and type of rationality in reindeer management. The project is based on two major hypotheses: 1 The life form hypothesis: reindeer management has an particular value for the performers being the condition for an active choice of remaining within the industry, 2 The capital hypothesis: lacking re¬cognition of the resources of the reindeer managing Sami is/ has been limiting their establishment in capital requiring undertakings. The project will analyse the economy of reindeer management based on investigations in several types of reindeer management as well in Norway as in Sweden, in North Sami and South Sami areas. In chosen regions both quantitative and qualitative studies will be undertaken, focusing household level, to map the economy of the reindeer managing Sami. For the quantitative analyses creation and extent of value streams in the households of reindeer management and near surroundings are focused. In the qualitative analyses the point of departure is decision situations and strategic choices with reindeer managing Sami. Based on the regional analyses comparative analyses are conducted to find representativity of the regional studies. The project was started 1st July 2004 and is financed for 2!/!> years from The Research Council of Norway (Program for Sami Research, Interreg (Interreg IIIA Såpmi & Åarjelsaemie dajve, The Sami Parliament of Sweden and self-financing from NSI and UU. The project has near after start 2 full time researchers and project leader in a 20% position. Another researcher will join the project in summer 2005. It will be considered to apply for additional financing to extend the project up to a total of four years.

Johan Klemet H. Kalstad

2005-04-01

238

Decommissioning projects at the Juelich Research Center  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

When the Juelich Research Center was being developed, the Arbeitsgemeinschaft Versuchsreaktor GmbH, whose shareholders were municipal electricity utilities, built the AVR reactor on the same site. Contractual agreement with the Center covered fuel supply and disposal, electricity generation, numerous reactor experiments within the framework of the Center's research activities about the HTR, and decommissioning of the plant. Since 1994, all decommissioning efforts have been financed completely out of funds from the share-holders, i.e. the Federal Government (BMBF) and the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (MWF). The solid and liquid radioactive waste arising from disassembly and demolition is processed at the Decontamination. Department of the Research Center, conditioned for repository storage, and held in interim storage. As the decommissioning project will extend over a period of more than a decade, the Center has taken the costly steps of upgrading the processing plants and installations. (orig.)

239

John Furlong and the "University Project"  

Science.gov (United States)

Like many senior teacher-educators and educational researchers, John Furlong has faced in several directions throughout his career, sometimes simultaneously. He has clearly not lost his enthusiasm for what happens in the classroom: he strongly appreciates those magical moments which can happen at any time, and which keep teachers going. He loves…

Watson, David

2014-01-01

240

University of Manitoba: Chemistry Research Group of H. Georg Schreckenbach  

Science.gov (United States)

This University of Manitoba website promotes the research group of H. Georg Schreckenbach's interests in "developing and applying state-of-the-art quantum chemical methods to study molecules and their properties." The website features the group's many current and completed projects with relevant images and figures including the use of density functional theory (DFT) to examine the properties of complexes that could be created with the addition of radioactive elements to the groundwater of contaminated sites. Students can find practice problems in chemical energetics and dynamics. Visitors can find a lengthy list of the group's publications.

Schreckenbach, H. G.

 
 
 
 
241

Chicana Feminist Strategies in a Participatory Action Research Project with Transnational Latina Youth  

Science.gov (United States)

This article discusses a participatory action research (PAR) project carried out with three transnational Latina youth in northern California and how the university researcher incorporated Chicana feminist strategies in the study. PAR and Chicana feminism place at the heart of research the knowledge that ordinary people produce, referring to this…

Sanchez, Patricia

2009-01-01

242

Science and Engineering Research Facilities at Colleges and Universities: 1996  

Science.gov (United States)

... Facilities at Colleges and Universities: 1996 Hypertext Format Scientific and Engineering Research ... 1996 Portable Document Format (.pdf) Scientific and Engineering Research Facilities at Colleges and ...

243

Coordinating a large multicentered HIV research project.  

Science.gov (United States)

Coordinating a large multicentered pediatric HIV clinical research study is particularly challenging for nurses. The cohort of patients and their families face multiple stressors, which make recruitment and compliance difficult. Additionally, when many departments within the institution are involved, coordination is often problematic. Ethical issues sometimes arise. Nurses must find ways to adapt what they learn from the study to their nursing practice. The nurse coordinators of the Pediatric Pulmonary and Cardiovascular Complications of Vertically Transmitted HIV (P2C2HIV) study discuss the unique challenges of such a project and the various strategies for successful completion. PMID:9085248

Cohen, H L; Davis, L; Hunter, J; Carp, D; Geromanos, K; Sunkle, S

1997-01-01

244

Annual review of research projects 1985  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This progress report provides a brief outline of current Laboratory research and development projects and their present status. The material has been grouped into the following fields: uranium, radon and its daughters; radiation effects in solids and gases; x-rays and clinical dosimetry, measurement standards in radiation dosimetry; radiopharmaceuticals and nuclear medicine; non-ionising electromagnetic radiation; environmental radiochemistry and radiation monitoring. The last category includes residual radioactive contamination at Maralinga, Emu and the Monte Bello Islands from British nuclear weapons tests in Australia, and the public health impact of fall-out from those tests

245

The Indiana University proton radiation therapy project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A fixed horizontal beam line at the Indiana University cyclotron facility (IUCF) has been equipped for proton radiation therapy treatment of head, neck, and brain tumors. The complete system will be commissioned and ready to treat patients early in 1993. IUCF can produce external proton beams from 45 to 200 MeV in energy, which corresponds to a maximum range in water of 26 cm. Beam currents over 100 nA are easily attained, allowing dose rates in excess of 200 cGy/min, even for large fields. Beam spreading systems have been tested which provide uniform fields up to 20 cm in diameter. Range modulation is accomplished with a rotating acrylic device, which provides uniform depth dose distributions from 3 to 18 cm in extent. Tests have been conducted on detectors which monitor the beam position and current, and the dose symmetry. This report discusses those devices, as well as the cyclotron characteristics, measured beam properties, safety interlocks, computerized dose delivery/monitoring system, and future plans. (orig.)

246

Project-Oriented University – Building the Capability for Innovation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Global economy is increasingly a knowledge economy, making people’s skills and qualifications more important than traditional power indicators such as territory, geography, natural resources. Globalization imposes new rhythms of performance to every economic or social field. Higher education is no exception to this, since it lies at the interface with the external environment, where skills and qualifications will be used and exploited for economic benefits. Universities are under a two-fold pressure. First, they provide services, knowledge, skills for fast-moving sectors. The knowledge and skills may quickly become obsolete and irrelevant for the economy. Second, universities need to innovate and to adapt to situations of constant change. Both types of pressure force universities to develop their capability for innovation, which becomes a prerequisite for survival. The purpose of this paper is to explain the concept of projectoriented university as a type of university that explicitly uses projects to perform processes of medium to high complexity, thus allowing it to deal with the increasing turbulence and dynamics of its environments. This concept is premised on the idea that there is a connection between a university’s maturity in project management and its managerial competitiveness and innovativeness. The concept inherits the conceptual core of the model of the projectoriented company and it comprises two components. The former is concerned with the structural dimensions of project management, “the hard” component – processes, procedures, organizational structures, terminology. The latter is concerned with the social dimension of project management, the “soft” component – skills, attitudes, competences, project management culture. Empirical results are considered representative for the Romanian higher education system as a whole, with due nuances and exceptions.

Paul DOBRESCU

2009-01-01

247

Radiation research in AINSE-affiliated universities  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE) has enabled research workers from its member universities to make extensive use of the (sometimes unique) radiation facilities at Lucas Heights. This has resulted in a better understanding of the action of gamma, X-ray and electron beam radiation on physical, chemical and biological systems, and of the radical and excited species which are produced. A selection of the ensuing first class publications is described. Over the years the emphasis has changed from the obtaining of a fundamental understanding of the science and the refining of the techniques to utilising these in attacking problems in other fields. Examples are given of the use of radiation chemistry techniques in metal-organic, polymer, excited state and biological chemistry. In radiation biology, the early emphasis on genetics and on the production of chromosomal aberrations by radiation has given way to molecular biology and cancer treatment studies. In all of this, AAEC/ANSTO and CSIRO have played major roles. In addition, AINSE has organised a continuing series of specialist conferences which has facilitated interaction between research groups within the universities and involved other investigators in Australia, New Zealand and the rest of the world

248

Radiation research in AINSE-affiliated universities  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE) has enabled research workers from its member universities to make extensive use of the (sometimes unique) radiation facilities at Lucas Heights. This has resulted in a better understanding of the action of gamma, X-ray and electron beam radiation on physical, chemical and biological systems, and of the radical and excited species which are produced. A selection of the ensuing first class publications is described. Over the years the emphasis has changed from the obtaining of a fundamental understanding of the science and the refining of the techniques to utilising these in attacking problems in other fields. Examples are given of the use of radiation chemistry techniques in metal-organic, polymer, excited state and biological chemistry. In radiation biology, the early emphasis on genetics and on the production of chromosomal aberrations by radiation has given way to molecular biology and cancer treatment studies. In all of this, AAEC/ANSTO and CSIRO have played major roles. In addition, AINSE has organised a continuing series of specialist conferences which has facilitated interaction between research groups within the universities and involved other investigators in Australia, New Zealand and the rest of the world. 27 refs.

Sangster, D. R. [Sydney Univ., NSW (Australia). School of Chemistry

1997-12-31

249

A German research project about applicable graphite cutting techniques  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In Germany, too, quite large quantities of irradiated nuclear graphite, used in research and prototype reactors, are waiting for an environmental way of disposal. While incineration of nuclear graphite does not seem to be a publicly acceptable way, cutting and packaging into ductile cast iron containers could be a suitable way of disposal in Germany. Nevertheless, the cutting of graphite is also a very difficult technique by which a large amount of secondary waste or dust might occur. An applicable graphite cutting technique is needed. Therefore, a group of 13 German partners, consisting of one university, six research reactor operators, one technical inspection authority, three engineering companies, one industrial cutting specialist and one commercial dismantling company, decided in 1999 to start a research project to develop an applicable technique for cutting irradiated nuclear graphite. Aim of the project is to find the most suitable cutting techniques for the existing shapes of graphite blocks with a minimum of waste production rate. At the same time it will be learned how to sample the dust and collect it in a filter system. The following techniques will be tested and evaluated: thermal cutting, water jet cutting, mechanical cutting with a saw, plasma arc cutting, drilling. The subsequent evaluation will concentrate on dust production, possible irradiation of staff, time and practicability under different constraints. This research project is funded by the German Minister of Education and Research under the number 02 S 7849 for a period of two years. A brief overview about the work to be carried out in the project will be given. (author)

250

UCM-MACB 2.0: A Complutense University Virtual Herbarium Project  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

UCM-MACB 2.0 is the name of a project leaded by a multidisciplinary team composed by university professors, students and collaborators as well as national and foreign visiting professors and researchers under the European Area of Higher Education. This is an e-learning project oriented to training and teaching being available to the general public, students and professionals from different areas on the basis of the plant biology, plant popular uses and their applications. At present, the ...

A?valos Garci?a, Adolfo; Barrera Marti?nez, Ildefonso; Gabriel Y Gala?n Moris, Jose? Mari?a; Gallardo Garci?a, Toma?s; Go?mez Garay, Aranzazu; Herna?ndez, Jose? Mari?a; Lahoz Beltra?, Rafael; Lo?pez Gonza?lez-nieto, Pilar; Marcos Samaniego, Nieves; Marti?n Calvarro, Luisa; Garci?a Moreno, Ana; Oliva?n Marti?nez, Gisela; Pe?rez-urria Carril, Elena; Pintos Lo?pez, Beatriz

2011-01-01

251

The role of an academic library in research: researchers’ perspectives at a South African University of Technology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Academic libraries typically identify research support as a central pillar in their mission. But they need to examine how their mission statements relate to the perspectives of researchers themselves, especially in view of reported changes in researchers’ information seeking and sharing in the online environment. By means of a questionnaire survey of 102 full time academic staff at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology, the project examined how researchers use their institution’s li...

Genevieve Hart; Lynn Kleinveldt

2011-01-01

252

Geoscience Education Research, Development, and Practice at Arizona State University  

Science.gov (United States)

Geoscience education research and professional development thrive in an authentically trans-disciplinary environment at Arizona State University (ASU), benefiting from a long history of mutual professional respect and collaboration among STEM disciplinary researchers and STEM education researchers--many of whom hold national and international stature. Earth science education majors (pre-service teachers), geoscience-education graduate students, and practicing STEM teachers richly benefit from this interaction, which includes team teaching of methods and research courses, joint mentoring of graduate students, and collaboration on professional development projects and externally funded research. The geologically, culturally, and historically rich Southwest offers a superb setting for studies of formal and informal teaching and learning, and ASU graduates the most STEM teachers of any university in the region. Research on geoscience teaching and learning at ASU is primarily conducted by three geoscience faculty in the School of Earth and Space Exploration and three science-education faculty in the Mary Lou Fulton Institute and Graduate School of Education. Additional collaborators are based in the College of Teacher Education and Leadership, other STEM schools and departments, and the Center for Research on Education in Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology (CRESMET). Funding sources include NSF, NASA, US Dept Ed, Arizona Board of Regents, and corporations such as Resolution Copper. Current areas of active research at ASU include: Visualization in geoscience learning; Place attachment and sense of place in geoscience learning; Affective domain in geoscience learning; Culturally based differences in geoscience concepts; Use of annotated concept sketches in learning, teaching, and assessment; Student interactions with textbooks in introductory courses; Strategic recruitment and retention of secondary-school Earth science teachers; Research-based professional development for STEM teachers; Design and evaluation of innovative transdisciplinary and online curricula; and Visitor cognition of geologic time and basic principles in Southwestern National Parks.

Semken, S. C.; Reynolds, S. J.; Johnson, J.; Baker, D. R.; Luft, J.; Middleton, J.

2009-12-01

253

Results from Undergraduate PV Projects at Seven Historically Black Colleges and Universities  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 1995, the NREL/Department of Energy (DOE) National Photovoltaics Program funded seven Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) in its HBCU Photovoltaic Research Associates Program for a period of three years. The program's purpose is to advance HBCU undergraduate knowledge of photovoltaics, primarily as a result of research investigations performed, and to encourage students to pursue careers in photovoltaics. This paper presents results from PV projects ranging from fundamental materials research on PV materials to field projects of PV systems.

McConnell, R. D.

1999-03-03

254

Space Station Biological Research Project Habitat: Incubator  

Science.gov (United States)

Developed as part of the suite of Space Station Biological Research Project (SSBRP) hardware to support research aboard the International Space Station (ISS), the Incubator is a temperature-controlled chamber, for conducting life science research with small animal, plant and microbial specimens. The Incubator is designed for use only on the ISS and is transported to/from the ISS, unpowered and without specimens, in the Multi-Purpose Logistics Module (MPLM) of the Shuttle. The Incubator interfaces with the three SSBRP Host Systems; the Habitat Holding Racks (HHR), the Life Sciences Glovebox (LSG) and the 2.5 m Centrifuge Rotor (CR), providing investigators with the ability to conduct research in microgravity and at variable gravity levels of up to 2-g. The temperature within the Specimen Chamber can be controlled between 4 and 45 C. Cabin air is recirculated within the Specimen Chamber and can be exchanged with the ISS cabin at a rate of approximately equal 50 cc/min. The humidity of the Specimen Chamber is monitored. The Specimen Chamber has a usable volume of approximately equal 19 liters and contains two (2) connectors at 28v dc, (60W) for science equipment; 5 dedicated thermometers for science; ports to support analog and digital signals from experiment unique sensors or other equipment; an Ethernet port; and a video port. It is currently manifested for UF-3 and will be launched integrated within the first SSBRP Habitat Holding Rack.

Nakamura, G. J.; Kirven-Brooks, M.; Scheller, N. M.

2001-01-01

255

Full Circle: Stakeholders' Evaluation of a Collaborative Enquiry Action Research Literacy Project  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on school-university collaboration during an action research project, which aimed to build a writing pedagogy for students with Learning Disabilities in the trilingual, biliterate educational context of Hong Kong. The project was established through interpersonal relationships built from the ground up between stakeholders from a…

Forey, Gail; Firkins, Arthur S.; Sengupta, Sima

2012-01-01

256

Financial Management Situation and Countermeasures of University Scientific Research Fund  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

This paper analyzes the prominent problems and financial management situation of university scientific research fund. It suggests some new countermeasures in strengthening the financial management of scientific research fund in colleges and universities. It also provides a new effective way to improve and strengthen the financial management of university scientific research fund. By means of this thesis, it can have a referential significance with regard to other financial managements of university scientific research fund.

Key words: University; Scientific research fund; Financial management; Countermeasure

Lulu HUANG

2012-12-01

257

Maternal and Child Health Research Program: I. Active Projects, 1988.  

Science.gov (United States)

This inventory summarizes information for each of 52 research projects supported by the Maternal Child Health Research Program in 1988, a number of which focus specifically on children with special education needs. Projects are divided into new and continuation projects and are listed alphabetically by state. The entry for each project contains…

National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health, Washington, DC.

258

UNEDF Project: Towards a Universal Nuclear Energy Density Functional  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There are 263 stable nuclei that occur in nature, representing isotopes of elements containing from one to at most 92 protons. Some 2,200 additional unstable (radioactive) nuclei have been produced in laboratories during the past 70 years. Several thousand nuclei constitute still an unexplored territory of exotic species. It is estimated that additionally up to approximately 6,000 nuclei could in principle still be created and studied in the foreseeable future. An understanding of the properties of these elements is crucial for a complete nuclear theory, for element formation, for properties of stars, and for present and future energy and defence applications. The goal of the UNEDF project is to arrive at a comprehensive and unified description of nuclei and their reactions, grounded in the fundamental interactions between the constituent nucleons. The Energy Density Functional (EDF) is at the heart of the project. EDF theory has been spectacularly successful in condensed matter physics and chemistry, as was recognized in the Nobel Prize awarded to Walter Kohn in 1998. Recognizing that the nucleus is composed of fermions, neutrons and protons, EDF is the only tractable theory that can be applied across the entire table of nuclides. However the ambitious endeavour of constructing the proper EDF would be far beyond what a single researcher or a traditional research group could carry out. Therefore the UNEDF project is a collaboration of about 60 theoretical physicists and computer scientists from universities and national laboratories. The activities of this group fall into different areas of nuclear theory and computer science, but the goal can only be achieved by working at the interfaces among these areas. They are: ab initio theory of nuclear wave functions, Effective Field Theory (EFT) and its extensions, self-consistent mean-field description of ground and excited states, large amplitude collective motion and low-energy reaction theory. This effort will require a massive use of the computer power available at this moment in time, with the view of scaling to the petaflop computers to become available in the near future

259

The contribution of HIFAR to university research  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Activity in neutron scattering science in Australia has increased in the last three years since the McKinnon Report, and continues to engage first-class scientists whose world standing is recognised by their ability to access overseas facilities. Neutron scattering is an important research area for Australia, with increasing importance in new materials and processes, but industrial appreciation of neutron scattering's role in material science is lacking. Neutron scattering research needs access to an Australian reactor neutron source for local and regional activities and if continued access to advanced overseas facilities is expected. A reactor neutron source is complementary to, rather than superseded by, access to synchrotron radiation sources or spallation neutron sources. A new Australian facility should be designed to fulfill a regional role, building on Australia's strengths in instrumentation and experience in operating such a research facility. The promotion of neutron scattering techniques, especially in an industry context, and issues relating to access to the current facilities need to be addressed. Questions remain about the future state of physical sciences in Australia, and of the organisation of the funding of Australian science, which are relevant to neutron science but whose outcomes cannot be determined at present. The presentation will refer to the four key Figures attached which are provided from the report commissioned by the Executive of the Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE) and completed in February 1997 by Professor G. S. Laurence, University of Adelaide

260

Making A Filmmaker : A Scandinavian Research Project  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Præsentation af et forskningsprojekt om unge med interesse for film i de skandinaviske lande. Diskussion af det kollaborative i forhold til selve forskningsprojektets opbygning og forskelle mellem de tre skandinaviske landes film- og mediepædagogiske traditioner. Præsentationen var en del af internationalt sammensat roundtable med titlen Perspectives on Youth Media: Research and Practices in Programs around the World. Holdt ved Cultural Studies Association årskonference. Fandt sted på UC Berkeley, CA, Marts 18-20, 2010. Organisator af roundtable: JoEllen Fisherkeller, New York University. Præsentationen knytter sig til et bidrag til den kommende udgivelse af bog: Lindstrand, F., Frølunde, L., Gilje, Ø., & Öhman-Gullberg, L. (in press 2011). Interests in motion: The film medium through the eyes and lenses of young Scandinavian filmmakers. In J. Fisherkeller (Ed.), International perspectives on youth media: Cultures of production & education. New York: Peter Lang.

FrØlunde, Lisbeth

 
 
 
 
261

Tools for Monitoring Social Media: A Marketing Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Knowledge of how to effectively monitor social media is an increasingly valued marketing research skill. This study tests an approach for adding social media content to an undergraduate marketing research class team project. The revised project maintains the expected objectives and parameters of a traditional research project, while integrating…

Veeck, Ann; Hoger, Beth

2014-01-01

262

Publicación de los proyectos de investigación para la titulación como médicos especialistas de una universidad peruana, 2007-2010 / Publication of research projects for certification as medical specialists at a Peruvian university, 2007-2010  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Con el objetivo de determinar la frecuencia de publicación en una revista científica, de los proyectos de investigación realizados para la obtención del título de médico especialista por médicos residentes egresados de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, se realizó un [...] a búsqueda en Google académico, Pubmed, bases de datos biomédicas y revistas de sociedades científicas medicas peruanas. De 351 médicos residentes egresados entre los años 2007-2010, 199 (65,5%) culminaron su proyecto de investigación y 47 (23,6%) lo publicaron en una revista científica. Según la especialidad el área de medicina tuvo la mayor frecuencia de publicaciones. Todas las publicaciones se realizaron en revistas en español, siendo la mayoría en revistas indizadas en bases de datos regionales. Concluimos que el 23,6% de los proyectos de investigación realizados para la titulación como médicos especialistas logran ser publicados, la mayoría de veces en revistas científicas de baja visibilidad Abstract in english In order to determine the frequency of publication in a scientific journal of the research projects done for medical specialty certification, a search was conducted in Google Scholar, Pubmed, biomedical databases and Peruvian medical society journals. These publications were research projects carrie [...] d out by medical residents graduated from the Faculty of Medicine at the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, to obtain the certification of medical specialist. Of 351 medical residents graduated between the years 2007-2010, 199 (65.5%) completed their research project and 47 (23.6%) published it in a scientific journal. The “medicine” (non-surgical) specialty area had the highest frequency of publications. All publications were in Spanish journals, the majority in indexed journals in regional databases. We conclude that 23.6% of the research projects for certification as medical specialists are published, most often in low visibility journals

Ray, Ticse; Patricia, Ygreda; Frine, Samalvides.

2014-06-01

263

Publicación de los proyectos de investigación para la titulación como médicos especialistas de una universidad peruana, 2007-2010 / Publication of research projects for certification as medical specialists at a Peruvian university, 2007-2010  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Con el objetivo de determinar la frecuencia de publicación en una revista científica, de los proyectos de investigación realizados para la obtención del título de médico especialista por médicos residentes egresados de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, se realizó un [...] a búsqueda en Google académico, Pubmed, bases de datos biomédicas y revistas de sociedades científicas medicas peruanas. De 351 médicos residentes egresados entre los años 2007-2010, 199 (65,5%) culminaron su proyecto de investigación y 47 (23,6%) lo publicaron en una revista científica. Según la especialidad el área de medicina tuvo la mayor frecuencia de publicaciones. Todas las publicaciones se realizaron en revistas en español, siendo la mayoría en revistas indizadas en bases de datos regionales. Concluimos que el 23,6% de los proyectos de investigación realizados para la titulación como médicos especialistas logran ser publicados, la mayoría de veces en revistas científicas de baja visibilidad Abstract in english In order to determine the frequency of publication in a scientific journal of the research projects done for medical specialty certification, a search was conducted in Google Scholar, Pubmed, biomedical databases and Peruvian medical society journals. These publications were research projects carrie [...] d out by medical residents graduated from the Faculty of Medicine at the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, to obtain the certification of medical specialist. Of 351 medical residents graduated between the years 2007-2010, 199 (65.5%) completed their research project and 47 (23.6%) published it in a scientific journal. The “medicine” (non-surgical) specialty area had the highest frequency of publications. All publications were in Spanish journals, the majority in indexed journals in regional databases. We conclude that 23.6% of the research projects for certification as medical specialists are published, most often in low visibility journals

Ray, Ticse; Patricia, Ygreda; Frine, Samalvides.

2014-04-01

264

Publicación de los proyectos de investigación para la titulación como médicos especialistas de una universidad peruana, 2007-2010 / Publication of research projects for certification as medical specialists at a Peruvian university, 2007-2010  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Con el objetivo de determinar la frecuencia de publicación en una revista científica, de los proyectos de investigación realizados para la obtención del título de médico especialista por médicos residentes egresados de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, se realizó un [...] a búsqueda en Google académico, Pubmed, bases de datos biomédicas y revistas de sociedades científicas medicas peruanas. De 351 médicos residentes egresados entre los años 2007-2010, 199 (65,5%) culminaron su proyecto de investigación y 47 (23,6%) lo publicaron en una revista científica. Según la especialidad el área de medicina tuvo la mayor frecuencia de publicaciones. Todas las publicaciones se realizaron en revistas en español, siendo la mayoría en revistas indizadas en bases de datos regionales. Concluimos que el 23,6% de los proyectos de investigación realizados para la titulación como médicos especialistas logran ser publicados, la mayoría de veces en revistas científicas de baja visibilidad Abstract in english In order to determine the frequency of publication in a scientific journal of the research projects done for medical specialty certification, a search was conducted in Google Scholar, Pubmed, biomedical databases and Peruvian medical society journals. These publications were research projects carrie [...] d out by medical residents graduated from the Faculty of Medicine at the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, to obtain the certification of medical specialist. Of 351 medical residents graduated between the years 2007-2010, 199 (65.5%) completed their research project and 47 (23.6%) published it in a scientific journal. The “medicine” (non-surgical) specialty area had the highest frequency of publications. All publications were in Spanish journals, the majority in indexed journals in regional databases. We conclude that 23.6% of the research projects for certification as medical specialists are published, most often in low visibility journals

Ray, Ticse; Patricia, Ygreda; Frine, Samalvides.

265

NHS Research Ethics for Medical Students/Novice Researchers - What to consider when developing your project   

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Clinical research is a very important aspect of developing clinical care and treatments. Over the last few decades, in part due to un?ethical studies and trials, there are now strict codes and practices that are essential to safeguard patients involved in clinical research. However, NHS Research Ethics can be a confusing area for novice researchers to navigate their way through. This article, written by two members of The East of Scotland Research Ethics Service, provides information on research ethics and important things to bear in mind when developing projects. It forms the second part of the Scottish Universities Medical Journal ‘Clinical Research for Beginners’ series.

Lorraine S Reilly

2013-09-01

266

Pew Research Journalism Project: Twitter News Consumers  

Science.gov (United States)

How do adults get their news? Based on a recent study from the Pew Research Journalism Project, approximately 8 percent of all adults in the United States get their news through Twitter. It's an interesting finding amidst many in this report sponsored via a collaboration with the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. The report looks at a wide range of topics, including analysis of conversations on Twitter around major news events, exploring how people discuss major issues via this particular form of social media. Interestingly enough, the report notes that the majority of those polled (85 percent) get news at least sometimes on mobile devices and that Twitter news consumers are younger and more educated that both the overall population and Facebook news consumers. Visitors can read the complete report here and also peruse additional reports such as "News Coverage Conveys Strong Momentum for Same-Sex Marriage" and "Twitter and the Campaign."

Guskin, Emily; Mitchell, Amy S.

2013-11-04

267

The FLAME research project: introduction and methods  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The FLAME (Fly Ash and Metals in Europe: Implications for human and environmental health) research project funded by the EU COPERNICUS programme ran from 1994 to 1996. The main aims of the programme were to further develop an automated chemical characterisation to discriminate between fly-ash particles from the major fossil-fuels used throughout Europe (coal, oil, peat, brown coal and oil shale) and apply this to particles extracted from lake sediments taken from the four participating countries (Estonia, Czech Republic, Ireland and UK) in order to determine spatial distribution of deposited particulates from large combustion sources. In combination with trace metal analyses from lake surface sediments and catchment mosses, the fly-ash particle data were able to identify areas of elevated pollutant deposition and suggest potential sources for them. Given the transboundary nature of the pollutants, the techniques and results of FLAME are of relevance throughout Europe. This paper describes the background and aims of the FLAME project, outlines the methods employed for sampling sediments and mosses and the analytical techniques for particle enumeration and trace metal analysis for sediments and mosses. Finally brief details of the particle characterisation are given showing how a hierarchical discriminant function was developed, based on energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) derived particle chemistry which correctly allocated particles from the five fuel-types with 80% rticles from the five fuel-types with 80% accuracy. 60 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab

268

Research project: "Promotion of optimum brain ageing"  

CERN Document Server

The Rehabilitation and Geriatrics Department of the Geneva University Hospitals (HUG) has signed a research protocol with CERN with a view to promoting better understanding of the mechanisms that trigger Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease is a form of dementia associated with memory loss, inability to make plans and spatial disorientation. With 24 million sufferers worldwide at present, a figure that is predicted to rise to 29 million by 2020, it represents a major challenge for the coming decades. Prevention is a key factor in slowing the alarming spread of this disease. Delaying the onset of the disease could reduce the total number of cases by 50%. Why CERN? CERN is an international research organisation with a workforce that is predominantly male (a section of the population that has been little studied so far) and has a high level of education. Moreover, its pensioners are easy to reach since the majority live in the Geneva area. The aim of the study is to ev...

IT Department

2009-01-01

269

Biomedical Engineering Bionanosystems Research at Louisiana Tech University  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The nature of this project is to equip and support research in nanoengineered systems for biomedical, bioenvironmental, and bioenergy applications. Funds provided by the Department of Energy (DoE) under this Congressional Directive were used to support two ongoing research projects at Louisiana Tech University in biomedical, bioenvironmental, and bioenergy applications. Two major projects (Enzyme Immobilization for Large Scale Reactors to Reduce Cellulosic Ethanol Costs, and Nanocatalysts for Coal and Biomass Conversion to Diesel Fuel) and to fund three to five additional seed projects were funded using the project budget. The project funds also allowed the purchase and repair of sophisticated research equipment that will support continued research in these areas for many years to come. Project funds also supported faculty, graduate students, and undergraduate students, contributing to the development of a technically sophisticated work force in the region and the State. Descriptions of the technical accomplishments for each funded project are provided. Biofuels are an important part of the solution for sustainable transportation fuel and energy production for the future. Unfortunately, the country's appetite for fuel cannot be satisfied with traditional sugar crops such as sugar cane or corn. Emerging technologies are allowing cellulosic biomass (wood, grass, stalks, etc.) to also be converted into ethanol. Cellulosic ethanol does not compete with food production and it has the potential to decrease greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 86% versus current fossil fuels (current techniques for corn ethanol only reduce greenhouse gases by 19%). Because of these advantages, the federal government has made cellulosic ethanol a high priority. The Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) requires a minimum production of at least 16 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol by 2022. Indeed, the Obama administration has signaled an ambitious commitment of achieving 2 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol by 2013. Louisiana is well positioned to become a national contributor in cellulosic ethanol, with an excellent growing season, a strong pulp/paper industry, and one of the nation's first cellulosic ethanol demonstration plants. Dr. Palmer in Chemical Engineering at Louisiana Tech University is collaborating with Drs. Lvov and Snow in Chemistry and Dr. Hegab in Mechanical Engineering to capitalize on these advantages by applying nanotechnology to improve the cellulosic ethanol processes. In many of these processes, expensive enzymes are used to convert the cellulose to sugars. The nanotechnology processes developed at Louisiana Tech University can immobilize these enzymes and therefore significantly reduce the overall costs of the process. Estimates of savings range from approximately $32 million at each cellulosic ethanol plant, to $7.5 billion total if the 16 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol is achieved. This process has the advantage of being easy to apply in a large-scale commercial environment and can immobilize a wide variety or mixture of enzymes for production. Two primary objectives with any immobilization technique are to demonstrate reusability and catalytic activity (both reuse of the immobilized enzyme and reuse of the polymer substrate). The scale-up of the layering-by-layering process has been a focus this past year as some interesting challenges in the surface chemistry have become evident. Catalytic activity of cellulase is highly dependent upon how the feed material is pretreated to enhance digestion. Therefore, efforts this year have been performed this year to characterize our process on a few of the more prevalent pretreatment methods.

Palmer, James; Lvov, Yuri; Hegab, Hisham; Snow, Dale; Wilson, Chester; McDonald, John; Walker, Lynn; Pratt, Jon; Davis, Despina; Agarwal, Mangilal; DeCoster, Mark; Feng, June; Que, Long; O' Neal, Chad; Guilbeau, Eric; Zivanovic, Sandra; Dobbins, Tabbetha; Gold, Scott; Mainardi, Daniela; Gowda, Shathabish; Napper, Stan

2010-03-25

270

Research on Chinese University Students’ Media Images  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available At present, university students, as the "after 90" and a new generation of young intellectuals, are being paid generally attentions by mass media. Nevertheless, university students’ public images are on a decline as they have negative news appeared ceaselessly. Contemporary university students are becoming a group of people who are gazed at fixedly by the media. Moreover, the media keeps gazing at them and help them to build university students’ media images. However, this kind of media behavior affects public judgments on university students’ images. Furthermore, in the eye of the public, university students’ images become serious distortion.

Chengliang Zhang

2013-06-01

271

Economic Analysis of World Bank Education Projects and Project Outcomes. Policy Research Working Paper.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research reported in this paper tests the hypothesis that World Bank education projects for which the project appraisal documents are judged "good" have a higher probability of leading to successful outcomes than projects for which the appraisals are judged "poor." The research draws on project document evaluations carried out in 1993 and 1998.…

Vawda, Ayesha Yaqub; Moock, Peter; Gittinger, J. Price; Patrinos, Harry Anthony

272

From Traditional to Modern Universities : The Ambiguousness of Researcher Incentives in a University-Industry Collaboration Perspective  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper reports a longitudinal multi-case research project encompassing 72 semi-structured interviews carried out in 2011 and 2012. The interviews covered topics of the collaboration between university and industry, why they were engaged, who benefitted from it, the initial motives and final results. In addition the interviews tried to focus on whether the industry understood the motives of the university to engage in collaboration and vice versa. Focusing on whether the performance measurements used by politicians and universities today enhances the collaborations or obstruct them. The paper concludes that the performance management used today in universities in form of publications is overlooking the industries’ need of growth from the university knowledge. Hence motivating the scientists to engage in collaborations only from the university point of view and only to a limited extent concerning about the companies.

Nielsen, Anja Birch; Sort, Jesper Chrautwald

2012-01-01

273

The importance of student research projects in dental education.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, our aim was to summarise students' research over 15 years at Istanbul University Faculty of Dentistry and to evaluate both the research activities from the students' perspectives and the effect of this activity on their undergraduate and postgraduate success. In 1992, dental students formed 'a Student Research Club' (SRC), which new students attend voluntarily and carry out a scientific project out with the normal curriculum every year. In total, 409 different students have presented 193 research projects at these meetings over 15 years. Seventy-four of these students were from other universities and presented 37 projects. In this research, a questionnaire containing 20 items was administered to 93 students who were the members of SRC to learn their own perception of the development of their academic and research skills and the broader impact of the club on their career. It was evaluated using Likert scale (ranged from strongly disagree to strongly agree). Student feedback was very positive and over three quarters (81%) of answers ranged between 'agree' and 'strongly agree'. When the cumulative grade point average (CGPA) of the 88 SRC members in the last 6 years (2003/2004 to 2008/2009) was evaluated as the school success rate, significant difference was found between the grades obtained by members and non-members (PUniversity Faculty of Dentistry over the last 5 years, 74 of them accepted for PhD (52.6%). There is a statistically significant difference between the member and non-member groups (PUniversity Faculty of Dentistry, 16 of them had been a member of the SRC (31%). However, no statistical difference was found between members of SRC and non-members. These data showed that although the students had an intensive programme in the school, they were able to carry out this voluntary activity successfully and this activity contributed to their educational process. Students also believe that participation of them to this activity effects positively on both personal development and academic success. PMID:21492344

Guven, Y; Uysal, O

2011-05-01

274

Cancer Research Center Indiana University School of Medicine  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Department of Energy (DOE) proposes to authorize the Indiana School of Medicine to proceed with the detailed design, construction and equipping of the proposed Cancer Research Center (CRC). A grant was executed with the University on April 21, 1992. A four-story building with basement would be constructed on the proposed site over a 24-month period. The proposed project would bring together, in one building, three existing hematology/oncology basic research programs, with improved cost-effectiveness through the sharing of common resources. The proposed site is currently covered with asphaltic pavement and is used as a campus parking lot. The surrounding area is developed campus, characterized by buildings, walkways, with minimal lawns and plantings. The proposed site has no history of prior structures and no evidence of potential sources of prior contamination of the soil. Environmental impacts of construction would be limited to minor increases in traffic, and the typical noises associated with standard building construction. The proposed CRC project operation would involve the use radionuclides and various hazardous materials in conducting clinical studies. Storage, removal and disposal of hazardous wastes would be managed under existing University programs that comply with federal and state requirements. Radiological safety programs would be governed by Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) license and applicable Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations. There are no other NEPA reviews currently active which are in relationship to this proposed site. The proposed project is part of a Medical Campus master plan and is consistent with applicable local zoning and land use requirements.

1994-08-01

275

Educational Research Culture and Capacity Building: The Case of Addis Ababa University  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper draws on several projects over sixteen years which attempted to develop capacity in educational research at Addis Ababa University. It identifies what might be considered indicators of a thriving research environment as defined from a UK perspective, not simply the necessary skills and infrastructure requirements but also what might be…

Ridley, Barbara

2011-01-01

276

Material models as recorders of academic communities: A new project on university collections in Germany  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Transdisciplinary research on university collections is most rewarding. Such studies give insights into the history and the origin(s of collections and knowledge as well as the material culture of universities. From this perspective, material models in university collections are excellent objects for study. In their dual role as both products and sources of scientific knowledge, models are key instruments of science. Until today, however, a full historical overview of the three-dimensional models employed across the different scientific branches has not been compiled. Against this background, the recently launched project “Material models in teaching and research: Indexing, documentation and analysis of models in university collections” can be considered a seminal research contribution to scientific material culture. It systematically records and documents three-dimensional models in German academic collections, and presents them via a globally accessible multimedia online-database. This article will provide a brief overview of the initial steps and results of this project and recommend transdisciplinary research as a possibility of promoting academic interest in university museums and collections.

Cornelia Weber

2011-01-01

277

Strategies for University Improvement: The Research Profile Change at a South African Non-Research-Intensive University  

Science.gov (United States)

Universities worldwide experience continual change in order to achieve what is perceived as improvement. In these changes, there is usually an emphasis on the research function of a university, and the literature contains a number of themes in this regard. We contribute by presenting a detailed case study of a non-research-intensive university

Geertsema, J. C.; van Niekerk, F.

2009-01-01

278

Teacher-Researcher Professional Development: Case Study at Kansas State University  

Science.gov (United States)

We report on a case study which provides professional development to advanced undergraduate and graduate research team members of the Kansas State University Physics Education Research (KSU-PER) group. An integral component of a student's professional development is the opportunity to participate in a range of research activities and work in collaboration â both as a mentor and a junior researcher with a range of individuals. In order to coordinate and facilitate these opportunities KSU-PER established an ongoing research project investigating students' conceptions of the physics underlying devices. The project utilized an integrated methodological and administrative framework â combining elements from grounded theory, phenomenology and action research. This framework provides a forum and research setting allowing junior and experienced researchers to act in various project management roles and perform a range of research activities. We will conclude by reflecting upon our experiences.

Rebello, N. S.; Fletcher, P. R.

2009-07-13

279

Research Status and Development of University Students’ Political Socialization  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper generalizes research of university students’ political socialization as four issues, namely, the issue of formation of university students’ “political self”, the issue of a variety of transmission media for political culture, the pattern of university students’ political socialization and the mechanism of university students’ political socialization. It also summarizes and analyzes studies on these four issues in the recent years with an expectation to provide reference for further research.

Xiaochuan Zhang

2013-04-01

280

Reform and Development Trend for Research Paradigm of University Governance  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Study on university governance has undergone three research paradigms, i.e. essentialism, structuralism and culturalism, and now is moving towards post-modernism research paradigm, the university governance under which paradigm focuses on co-governance by interested persons. Two propositions need to be demonstrated under the new governance pattern, the non-contradictoriness between democratic participation by interested persons and university governance performance, and the positive correlation between co-governance by interested persons and university governance performance.

Man LI

2014-08-01

 
 
 
 
281

Technology Base Research Project for electrochemical energy storage  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report is an executive summary of major project goals and descriptions for electrochemical energy storage. Exploratory research, applied science research, air systems research, milestones, and management activities are a few of the topics discussed. (JL)

Kinoshita, K. (ed.)

1991-06-01

282

Current severe accident research facilities and projects  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Working Group on the Analysis and Management of Accidents (GAMA) is mainly composed of technical specialists in the areas of coolant system thermal-hydraulics, in-vessel protection, containment protection, and fission product retention. Its general functions include the exchange of information on national and international activities in these areas, the exchange of detailed technical information, and the discussion of progress achieved in respect of specific technical issues. Severe accident management is one of the important tasks of the group. This document is an update of the 'Current Severe Accident Research Facilities and Projects' list. Facilities and projects are sorted according to the following criteria: In-Vessel Phenomena: Core Degradation and Melt Progression, Molten Core Debris Interaction with the Reactor Pressure Vessel Lower Head and Mechanical Behaviour of Reactor Pressure Vessel Lower Head; In-Vessel and Ex-Vessel Molten Fuel/Coolant Interactions; Ex-Vessel Phenomena: Molten Core Debris/Concrete Interactions, Molten Core/Ceramic Interaction, Melt Release (including DCH), Melt Spreading and Catching Devices Studies, Melt Coolability, Corium Melt properties; Hydrogen Transport and Combustion: Mixing and Distribution, Deflagration, Deflagration-to-Detonation Transition, Passive Recombiner Performance; Mechanical Behaviour of Reactor Pressure Vessel Lower Head; Containment Structural Integrity: Containment Failure Experiment and Analysis, Material Properties and Structural Behaviour, Containment Thermal-Hydraulics, Containment Cooling, Cable Penetration Integrity; Fission Products and Aerosols: Effects of Specific Elements on Iodine Volatility, Release of Low-Volatility Fission Products/Late In-Vessel Fission Product Release, Reactor Materials Release, Aerosol and Iodine Behaviour in Reactor Coolant System and Containment, Retention, Resuspension and Revaporization in Primary Circuit, Aerosol Nucleation and Transport, Source Term, Containment Sprays, Pool Scrubbing, Iodine Chemistry, Integral Studies; Severe Accident Management

283

Alternative Model of Funding for Academic Research in Nigerian Universities  

Science.gov (United States)

Funding of academic research in Nigerian universities by Government (5 per cent recurrent grants) is a policy dictated by the National Universities Commission (NUC) as the central body for allocating research funds. This research fund, little as it is, is irregular and inadequate and to make it worse is difficult to access. These aforementioned…

Olayiwola, Shina

2010-01-01

284

University Teacher Educators' Research Engagement: Perspectives from Saudi Arabia  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper examines university teacher educators' engagement with and in educational research. Survey results collected from eighty-two teacher educators at a leading university in Saudi Arabia pointed to modest levels of research activity and also suggested that these individuals held largely technical views of what research is. Their assessments…

Borg, Simon; Alshumaimeri, Yousif

2012-01-01

285

Research Funding at Alberta Universities, 1999/2000 Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report presents facts related to the funding of research at the four universities in Alberta, Canada. During fiscal year 1999-2000, $300 million Canadian dollars in direct external funding was received by the four universities to support research, an increase from 1998-1999 of 29.9%. Total sponsored research funding from all sources to…

Alberta Innovation and Science, Edmonton. University Research and Strategic Investments Branch.

286

The Commercialisation of University Research and Economic Productivity  

Science.gov (United States)

This article focuses on the relationship between university research (in this case science research) and national economic productivity, particularly in the context of the emerging knowledge economy. It addresses the question of whether university research output should be treated as a public good or a private good, in economic terms, and analyses…

Clark, Paul

2007-01-01

287

Research Associate/Fellow, Energy & Sustainability, University of ...  

Jul 18, 2014 ... As part of this larger research project, the successful candidate will be expected \\to: ... together with relevant research skills, knowledge, and publication ... The \\position will involve travel to India and limited research stays at our ...

288

Financial Management Situation and Countermeasures of University Scientific Research Fund  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper analyzes the prominent problems and financial management situation of university scientific research fund. It suggests some new countermeasures in strengthening the financial management of scientific research fund in colleges and universities. It also provides a new effective way to improve and strengthen the financial management of university scientific research fund. By means of this thesis, it can have a referential significance with regard to other financial management...

Huang, Lulu

2012-01-01

289

Research project for increasing pool of minority engineers  

Science.gov (United States)

The Tennessee State University (TSU) Research Project for Increasing the Pool of Minority Engineers is designed to develop engineers who have academic and research experiences in technical areas of interest to NASA. These engineers will also have some degree of familiarity with NASA Lewis Research Center as a result of interaction with Lewis engineers, field trips and internships at Lewis. The Research Project has four components, which are: (1) Minority Introduction to Engineering (MITE), a high school precollege program, (2) engineering and technology previews, (3) the NASA LeRC Scholars program which includes scholarships and summer internships, and (4) undergraduate research experiences on NASA sponsored research. MITE is a two-week summer engineering camp designed to introduce minority high school students to engineering by exposing them to: (1) engineering role models (engineering students and NASA engineer), (2) field trips to engineering firms, (3) in addition to introducing youth to the language of the engineer (i.e., science, mathematics, technical writing, computers, and the engineering laboratory). Three MITE camps are held on the campus of TSU with an average of 40 participants. MITE has grown from 25 participants at its inception in 1990 to 118 participants in 1994 with participants from 17 states, including the District of Columbia, and 51 percent of the participants were female. Over the four-year period, 77 percent of the seniors who participated in MITE have gone to college, while 53 percent of those seniors in college are majoring in science, engineering or mathematics (SEM). This first Engineering and Technology Previews held in 1993 brought 23 youths from Cleveland, Ohio to TSU for a two-day preview of engineering and college life. Two previews are scheduled for 1994-1995. The NASA LeRC Scholars program provides scholarships and summer internships for minority engineering students majoring in electrical or mechanical engineering. Presently six (6) engineering students are in the Scholars program. The average GPA for the scholars is 3.239. Each scholar must maintain a minimum GPA of 3.000/4.000. NASA LeRC Fred Higgs has been awarded a GEM Fellowship. In addition, he will be presenting a paper entitled 'Design of Helical Spring Using Probabilistic Design Methodology' at the Middle Tennessee Section ASME Student Design Presentations in Nashville on March 23rd and at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research to be held at Union College, Schenectady, New York on April 20-22, 1995. Each of the scholars is working on one of the three NASA sponsored research projects in the college.

Rogers, Decatur B.

1995-01-01

290

An Undergraduate Research Project within the ALFALFA Collaboration.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) project is an ongoing high sensitivity HI line survey with the 305m Arecibo telescope that will cover 7000 square degrees of sky and is expected to detect some 20,000 HI sources (Giovanelli et al. 2005, AJ in press, astro-ph/0508301). ALFALFA will make major contributions to the understanding of the structure and evolution of galaxies in the local Universe. In July 2005 an Undergraduate Research Workshop was held at Union College, Schenectady (see poster by Koopmann et al.). Participants included 14 undergraduate students, 2 graduate students, and 9 faculty members from 7 universities, in addition to the Director of the Arecibo Observatory Visitor Center. In preparation for the meeting, the students worked as a team in preparing and submitting an observing proposal to the Observatory, thus experiencing the rigorous process of matching science goals to instrumentation and other realities of the time allocation process. In addition to a mini-course on science and technical issues, students engaged in an observing session with the Arecibo telescope, which was carried out remotely and interactively from the lecture room at Union College. The region observed included a nearby loose group of galaxies, LGG 362, dominated by NGC 5363/5364. The group is an example of an intermediate galaxy density environment. As part of the workshop, the data were processed and the scientific analysis started. This poster presents the results of those observations and analysis. This research was supported by the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, which is operated by Cornell University under a management agreement with the National Science Foundation, and partially by NSF/AST-0307661, NSF/AST-0435697 and a Brinson Foundation grant. JA and CAP gratefully acknowledge the Arecibo Observatory and the Louis Stokes Alliance for Minority Participation at the UPR for assistance for this research.

Ayala, J. A.; Stilp, A.; Patel, N.; Altaf, A.; Goldstein, J.; Forsyth, C.; Gillin, M.; Mahmood, B.; Read, J.; Vucic, L.; Mullan, B.; Walsh, B.; Wortel, S.; Stierwalt, S.; Kent, B. R.; Alonso, J. L.; Balonek, T. J.; Giovanelli, R.; Haynes, M. P.; Hoffman, G. L.; Koopmann, R. A.; Marr, J.; O'Donoghue, A.; Pantoja, C. A.; Salzer, J. J.

2005-12-01

291

Hybrid petacomputing meets cosmology: The Roadrunner Universe project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The target of the Roadrunner Universe project at Los Alamos National Laboratory is a set of very large cosmological N-body simulation runs on the hybrid supercomputer Roadrunner, the world's first petaflop platform. Roadrunner's architecture presents opportunities and difficulties characteristic of next-generation supercomputing. We describe a new code designed to optimize performance and scalability by explicitly matching the underlying algorithms to the machine architecture, and by using the physics of the problem as an essential aid in this process. While applications will differ in specific exploits, we believe that such a design process will become increasingly important in the future. The Roadrunner Universe project code, MC3 (Mesh-based Cosmology Code on the Cell), uses grid and direct particle methods to balance the capabilities of Roadrunner's conventional (Opteron) and accelerator (Cell BE) layers. Mirrored particle caches and spectral techniques are used to overcome communication bandwidth limitations and possible difficulties with complicated particle-grid interaction templates.

292

Undergraduate Research Engagement at Major US Research Universities. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.14.13  

Science.gov (United States)

Bolstered by the recommendations of the 1998 Boyer Report, US federal agencies have put significant resources into promoting opportunities for undergraduates to engage in research. American universities and colleges have been creating support programs and curricular opportunities intended to create a "culture of undergraduate research."…

Douglass, John Aubrey; Zhao, Chun-Mei

2013-01-01

293

Iris Project: Information Skills Provision: Mapping the information skills of Cambridge undergraduates and induction / training provision across the University  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This report summarises the results of the IRIS Project: an eleven-week research exercise undertaken as part of the Arcadia Fellowship Programme. The IRIS Project aimed to map both the provision of library inductions and training for students at the University, and the information skills amongst undergraduate students. The report focuses on the data received from an online student survey and a series of focus groups. In total, 10.07% of the current student population at Cambridge University pa...

Edwards-waller, E.

2009-01-01

294

Overview of the Oregon Transect Ecosystem Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

The Oregon Transect Ecosystem Research (OTTER) project is a study of ecosystem functions in coniferous forests using the methods of computer modeling, experimental and theoretical remote sensing, and ecological field and laboratory techniques. The study is focused on predicting the major fluxes of carbon, nitrogen, and water, and the factors that dynamically regulate them. The OTTER project was conceived to test two major questions: (1) Can a generalized ecosystem simulation model, designed to use mainly parameters available from remote sensing, predict the functioning of forests across an environmentally variable region? and (2) To what extent can the variables required by this model be derived from remotely sensed data? The scientific objectives and scope of the project demanded that a coordinated effort be made to link ground measurements with remote sensing and modeling requirements. OTTER was selected as a focus for a National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)-sponsored Multi-sensor Aircraft Campaign (MAC; combining NASA aircraft and sensors with those of others) on the basis of experience gained in past ecosystem studies and remote-sensing projects, and the importance of the OTTER objectives to NASA's long-range science goals and plans. Having several independent approaches available, both on the ground and from various remote-sensing platforms, proved valuable in estimating and validating many of the critical variables. This experience and cross comparison should help simplify future studies of a similar nature. Edited data sets from the OTTER project are now available to the scientific community on optical disks or via on-line data banks at NASA (Washington, D.C., USA) and Oregon State University (Corvallis, Oregon, USA).

Peterson, David L.; Waring, Richard H.

1994-01-01

295

Welfare Quality® project: from scientific research to on farm assessment of animal welfare  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Welfare Quality® is the acronym of the European research project “Integration of ani- mal welfare in the food quality chain: from public concern to improved welfare and transparent quality”. This European project is focused on the integration of animal welfare in the food quality chain. Italian researchers from University of Milan, Naples, Padua, Parma and Pisa are involved in different tasks of this project. The second sub-project of Welfare Quality® aims to develop assessment systems to evaluate and monitor the quality of animal welfare on farms or at slaughter in 7 livestock species. Researchersof Researchers of the Department of Animal Science of the University of Milan worked together other European partners to find and develop the most suitable animal-based measures for dairy and beef cattle.

Linda Keeling

2010-01-01

296

PROJECT MANAGEMENT OF CULTURAL EVENTS IN A PUBLIC UNIVERSITY: ANALYSIS OF PRACTICES AND IMPROVEMENT PROPOSITIONS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article aims to describe the management practices used for conducting cultural events adopted by the Department of Culture of a public university, identifying critical points and providing the basis for developing a specific methodology for the organization. The research adopted a qualitative approach of analysis, both to identify practices with those responsible for project management and for conducting a case study of a project undertaken by the institution. For data collection we used semi-structured interviews, participant observation and document analysis. It was found that the project management of cultural events at the university has some quirks, which requires the development of specific processes for their management. Moreover, when compared with the best practices suggested by the literature, the project management of events conducted by the university is still at an incipient stage of maturity. Based on the results, we presented some proposals for improvement for the project management of cultural events in the Department of Culture, especially regarding the adoption of management tools for projects and activities that must be performed at each stage of the life cycle of a cultural event.

Cláudia Fabiana Gohr,

2013-09-01

297

RCUK School-University Partnerships Initiative - Research Councils ...  

... A collaborative multidisciplinary platform for inspiration and transformation of \\the ... Ensuring that Cardiff University's engagement programme meets the needs \\of .... Another project will address problems of global concern – energy, water, ...

298

Researchers' Experiences, Positive and Negative, in Integrative Landscape Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

Integrative (interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary) landscape research projects are becoming increasingly common. As a result, researchers are spending a larger proportion of their professional careers doing integrative work, participating in shifting interdisciplinary teams, and cooperating directly with non-academic participants. Despite the growing importance of integrative research, few studies have investigated researchers’ experiences in these projects. How do researchers perceive the outcomes of integrative projects, or career effects? Do they view the projects generally as successes or failures? This study analyses researchers’ experiences in integrative landscape studies and investigates what factors shape these experiences. The data stems from 19 semi-structured qualitative interviews and a Web-based survey among 207 participants in integrative landscape research projects. It finds that researchers experience participation in integrative projects as positive, in particular discussions among participants, networking, teamwork, and gaining new insights and skills. Furthermore, most researchers perceive the projects as successful and as having a positive effect on their careers. Less positive aspects of integration relate to publications and merit points. Factors found to contribute to positive experiences include reaching a high degree of integration amongst the involved disciplines, common definitions of integrative research concepts, and projects that include a large share of fundamental research as well as projects with many project outcomes. Based on these findings, we advise future projects to plan for integration, facilitate discussions, and reach agreement on integrative concepts. We suggest that aspects of fundamental research be included in integrative projects. We also suggest that planning be done at an early stage for peer-reviewed publications, to ensure that participants gain merit points from their participation in integrative research efforts.

Tress, Bärbel; Tress, Gunther; Fry, Gary

2005-12-01

299

Residential energy-efficiency retrofit projects at two universities, overview  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Two recent US Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Buildings Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) projects are investigating high-performance, residential energy-efficiency retrofit measures in indigenous housing types. These projects are studying and testing high-performance, energy-efficiency retrofits that will optimize envelope improvements, equipment improvements, and operational improvements to the cost-effective level (not just code minimums). They will provide an opportunity to design, implement, and evaluate energy efficiency improvements related to the rehabilitation of culturally significant residential units under real world conditions. Each project will establish a cooperative venture between the individual University, a community development organization, home builders/remodelers, and utilities and other governmental agencies to accomplish the rehabilitation of residential units. Three residential units will be rehabilitated in each location.

Wendt, R. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Lipscumb, L. [Morgan State Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States); Bosworth, F. [Southern Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

1998-03-01

300

Research on Hidden Risks in International Project  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Base on China's business of foreign contract projects and the contractor's failure to foresee the risks in bidding which causes great loss. This paper presents the concept of hidden risks in international contracting projects, establishes the implicit risks evolution model based on the evolutionary game theory, analyzes the hidden risks of transferring system and gives proposals to avoid the hidden risks in international project.

Dongling Liang

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

Transforming Knowledge into Wealth in a New Zealand Research University  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes how New Zealand's leading research university, the University of Auckland, dealt with the issue of transforming knowledge into wealth using a "whole of institution" approach. The context of New Zealand's growth and innovation initiatives is outlined and the University of Auckland's engagement with and institutional response to…

Spicer, Barry; Dunn, Wendell; Whitcher, Geoff

2006-01-01

302

Some observations in university participation in nuclear engineering research  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A general discussion is presented on the kinds of problem which with suitable co-ordination would form appropriate topics for university research. R and D work can be done in-house, or with an industrial contractor, or with a university or polytechnic. The criteria are examined. Involvement by universities and polytechnics, and topics and location, are considered further. (U.K.)

303

ARCHIVE: Defra, UK - Observatory Programme - Research Projects  

Nov 18, 2005 ... Research and analysis to be undertaken by the internal Defra Observatory Team \\continues to be developed, along with an external research programme of work. \\Key aspects of the overall research programme of work are:.

304

University research and the location of business R&D  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We investigate the relationship between the location of private sector R&D labs and university research departments in Great Britain. We combine establishment-level data on R&D activity with information on levels and changes in research quality from the Research Assessment Exercise. The strongest evidence for co-location is for pharmaceuticals R&D, which is disproportionately located near to relevant university research, particularly 5 or 5* rated chemistry departments. This relationship is s...

Abramovsky, Laura; Harrison, Rupert; Simpson, Helen

2006-01-01

305

Researchers Project Future Shrinking Biodiversity of Mexican Species  

Science.gov (United States)

... gov Researchers Project Future Shrinking Biodiversity of Mexican Species The effect of Earth's ... impacts of climate change on ecosystems and biodiversity," said Peterson. "This is important because ...

306

The Global Interaction Research Initiative at the IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This showcase paper describes the Global Interaction Research Initiative – GIRI – recently inaugurated at the IT University of Copenhagen. It presents the motivation for this initiative, namely that the use of information technology is the core enabling factor for global collaboration and business. We argue that there is a fundamental need for understanding and providing next generation technologies for this ultra large-scale interaction paradigm. GIRI is organizing around a set of research themes and projects, focusing on different application areas. Themes and projects are loosely coupled in the sense that each research project is defined in its own right with a specific set of challenges, vision, approach, partners, and funding scheme. At the time of writing, GIRI has 3 research themes and are hosting 6 projects, but these numbers are expected to increase as GIRI grows. GIRI is an open initiative, and we invite other researchers to join.

Bardram, Jakob Eyvind; BjØrn, Pernille

2011-01-01

307

Considerations and Infrastructure Milestones for a Research Reactor Project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Establishment of a research reactor is a major project requiring careful planning, preparation, implementation, and investment in time and human resources. The implementation of such a project requires establishment of sustainable infrastructures, including legal and regulatory, safety, technical, and economic. This paper discusses the scope of these infrastructures and the major stages in their development; starting with a robust pre-project justification for the research reactor and moving through three milestones in the establishment of the infrastructure itself. The paper discusses also the main elements of the feasibility study for a new research reactor project and specific safety and technical considerations in different phases of the project as well as the major activities to be performed along with the project phases, including progressive involvement of the main organizations in the project, and application of the IAEA Code of Conduct on the Safety of Research Reactors and IAEA Safety Standards. (author)

308

The Student as Scientist: Secondary Student Research Projects in Astronomy  

Science.gov (United States)

Student research projects are becoming either integral or optional components of Science curricula in several countries. They provide a valuable opportunity for high school students to experience many of the joys and frustrations that make up the intellectual challenge of Science. Astronomy is one branch of Science that lends itself to student projects. Student Research Projects (SRPs) can be individual, group or collaborative between groups in other schools or countries and may involve professional mentors. Use of the Internet and remote access telescopes allow students to undertake challenging research and make worthwhile contributions to professional programs. This paper presents case studies of student projects in optical and radio astronomy from Australian and overseas schools and details both the benefits and problems faced in conducting such projects. Student responses to involvement in projects are discussed. Potential areas for future collaboration and development are highlighted together with the need for more research as to the most effective ways to implement projects and develop student skills.

Hollow, R. P.

2000-08-01

309

Start-Up Costs in American Research Universities.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report briefly summarizes findings from the 2002 Cornell Higher Education Research Institute survey of start-up costs at the over 220 universities classified as research and doctoral universities by the Carnegie Foundation in 1994. It reports the mean start-up cost packages across institutions for new assistant professors and senior faculty,…

Ehrenberg, Ronald G.; Rizzo, Michael J.; Condie, Scott S.

310

Project 5 | UK Energy Research Centre  

Dr. Chris Ennis, Teesside University, Clean Environment Management Centre ... \\This work reviews the relationship between carbon disclosure and carbon ... This \\supports social science theory, which suggests that firms disclose to gain ...

311

Project 3 | UK Energy Research Centre  

Dr. Chris Ennis, University of Teeside, Clean Environment Management Centre ... \\complex, although char reduced the effect of water deficit stress on the plant; ... \\Phytoremediation biochar containing heavy metals was also tested to see if it ...

312

Engaging First-Year Undergraduates in Hands-On Research Experiences: The Upper Green River Barcode of Life Project  

Science.gov (United States)

To improve retention and engagement, first-year college science majors enrolled in University Experience orientation courses participated in a hands-on laboratory research experience: a DNA barcoding project to facilitate species identification. Students

Mcelroy, Douglas M.; Marcus, Jeffrey M.; Wyatt, Robert E.; Hughes, Tia M.

2010-01-01

313

Understanding How the Public Perceives the Importance of University Research in the United States  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Most universities in the United States have little or no idea about how the public perceives the importance of research done at these institutions. Learning whether the public believes academic research is valuable, meaningful, and practical has implications for higher education, if the public believes that university research is of little worth. This project utilized naturalistic and qualitative methods to learn how alumni perceived the importance of research at a major public university with a heavy concentration in research (Texas A&M University. Long interviews using open-ended questions were conducted with 133 alumni at 33 locations in Texas. Interviews were transcribed, unitized, and coded using qualitative methods, and themes were identified. Findings provide insights into whether the public believes university research is important, how the public learns about research, whether public relations programs are effective, the importance of research and teaching, and the types of research the public wants universities to pursue. A framework is proposed to learn about how well the public understands science and to measure the effectiveness of media and education programs to raise both science awareness and understanding of science.

Jensen Richard W.

2005-03-01

314

New Mexico State University Campus geothermal demonstration project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report presents the design, construction highlights, and performance of the New Mexico State University Campus Geothermal Demonstration Project at Las Cruces, New Mexico. Construction started in July 1981, first system use was January 1982, and the system was dedicated on April 21, 1982. Included herein are summary observations after two years of use. The geothermal hot water from New Mexico State University wells is used to heat potable water, which in turn provides 83 percent of the domestic hot water on the New Mexico State University campus, as well as space heat to two buildings, and for two heated swimming pools. The original system is providing service to 30 total buildings, with two additional buildings (150,000 square feet) in process of geothermal conversion.) The system overall performance has been excellent, except for geothermal well pump problems. In terms of operating efficiency, the system has exceeded the design parameters. In spite of abnormally high costs for well and pump repairs, the system has shown a positive cost avoidance of more than $118,000 for the first year of operation. For the first two full years of operation, the system has produced a net positive cost avoidance of more than $200,000. Payback on the total investment of $1,670,000 is projected to be 6 to 10 years, depending on the future prices of natural gas and electricity.

Cuniff, R.A.; Fisher, K.P.; Chintawongvanich, P.

1984-04-01

315

Research Notes ~ Lessons from an International e-Learning Project  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper offers a critical examination of an e-learning project in the context of a Distance Education training program delivered to teacher trainers by an external university in Rwanda. In examining the successes and failures of the project, it uses a framework based on ideas promulgated by Moore (1995 and strives to provide guidance and reference for future projects in this field.

Paul Breen

2007-11-01

316

Research on Religious Dissemination in Universities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Dissemination of religion is a serious challenge to the management of universities in our country. According to the literature review, authors of this article sort out the proportion of students in part of universities who have religious beliefs, and get the result that the proportion of such students is approximately ten percent. In the mean time, the authors made a deep analysis of features religious dissemination in the dissemination subject, dissemination mode and dissemination means. It is found that Christianity has become the subject of religious the dissemination in universities, mass communication has turned to be the major means and platform for religions to be disseminated in universities and such interpersonal dissemination forms as "family gathering", indirect contact and E-mail, etc, have become the primary forms of religious dissemination. Furthermore, they pointed out, leaders of universities should attach great importance to modernization, concealment and diversification of religious dissemination in universities and try to deal with them as the circumstances may require.

Hong Huo

2010-09-01

317

SETAC launches global horizon scanning/research prioritization project  

Science.gov (United States)

The SETAC World Council is pleased to announce the initiation of a Global Horizon Scanning and Prioritization Project aimed at identifying geographically specific research needs to address stressor impacts on environmental quality. In recent years, horizon scanning and research ...

318

Safety Research Project of a Large Chemical Plant,  

Science.gov (United States)

The safety research project for the Kemira Oy fine chemicals plant being constructed near Kokkola, Finland, is described. The report details the selection and application of safety analysis methods, safety research of process systems, and safety design of...

J. Fieandt, H. Heimbueger, B. Wahlstroem, R. Keraenen, P. Luukka

1988-01-01

319

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Strategic Plan, February 2007.  

Science.gov (United States)

This document describes the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency's (DARPA) strategy, as required by Section 2352, Title 10 of the United States Code. It provides a top-level view of DARPA's activities for Congress, the research community, and various...

2007-01-01

320

Assessment of research papers in medical university staff evaluation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Medical university staff evaluation is a substantial branch of education administration for medical university. Output number of research papers as a direct index reflecting the achievements in academic research, plays an important role in academic research evaluation. Another index, influence of the research paper, is an indirect index for academic research evaluation. This paper mainly introduced some commonly used indexes in evaluation of academic research papers currently, and analyzed the applicability and limitation of each index. The author regards that academic research evaluation in education administration, which is mainly based on evaluation of academic research papers, should combine the evaluation of journals where the papers are published with peer review of the papers, and integrate qualitative evaluation with quantitative evaluation, for the purpose of setting up an objective academic research evaluation system for medical university staff.

Qing-hui Zhou

2012-06-01

 
 
 
 
321

???????????????? Female University Teachers Gender Role Conflict Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ?????????????????????????528???????????????????????????1 ?16.5%?????????????????????????67%????????????16.5%?????????????2 ????????????6%?????????????58%??????????????36%??????????????????3 ????????????????????????????(r = ?0.190???????????????????(r = 0.570????????????????(r = 0.242??????????????(r = 0.482?4 ?91%????????????????????????????9%?????????????95%?????????????????????????5%?????????????85%?????????????????????????????15%???????????5 ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????15%???????? self female university teachers gender role questionnaire, conduct a survey of 528 Anhui Province, part of the college female teachers, the statistical analysis found that: 1 16.5% of female university teachers often feel the family and conflicts and contradictions between the cause of 67% of female university teachers sometimes feel, 16.5% have never felt the conflicts and contradictions; 2 In the conflict between career and family, 6% of female university teachers to choose a career, 58% of female university teachers selected families, and 36% of female teachers selected in any case have both; 3 The feeling of living conditions of its choice between the family business conflict into a negative correlation (r = ?0.190, the choice of the individual goal planning and conflict positively correlated (r = 0.570, self-evaluation and conflict choice in a positive correlation (r = 0.242, the cause of the pursuit of conflict choice into a positive correlation (r = 0.482; 4 91% of female university teachers ideal companion and reality between partners fully comply with or meet the basic, 9% of the female teachers that are quite different. 95% of female university teachers ideal family and real family fully comply with or meet the basic 5% of female teachers think that there are large differences. 85% of female university teachers the ideal gender characteristics, and the reality of gender characteristics fully comply with or meet the basic 15% of female teachers there is a big difference; 5 The majority of female university teachers ideal partner and reality companion, ideal for families, and the reality of family, the ideal gender characteristics, and the reality of gender traits standards are basically the same, but the ideal of female university teachers sex characteristics and the reality of gender traits differences in the proportion of higher 15% think there is a big difference.

???

2013-03-01

322

Update on the NSF PAARE Project at South Carolina State University  

Science.gov (United States)

We summarize the progress made over the past six years of “A Partnership in Observational and Computational Astronomy (POCA)”. This NSF-funded project is part of the “Partnerships in Astronomy and Astrophysics Research and Education (PAARE)" program. Our partnership includes South Carolina State University (a Historically Black College/University), Clemson University (a Ph.D. granting institution) and the National Optical Astronomy Observatory. We summarize the results to date of our ongoing ground and space-based study of RV Tauri and Semiregular variables. We also examine our work on two unusual stars, R Coronae Borealis and XX Oph. The research on our Kepler objects is nearing completion and includes new international collaborators. We have developed 2 new cosmology labs and 5 new web simulations in the past year. These are being used in the science classes at South Carolina State University and are available to the community at our website listed below. Our success and the challenge of recruiting and retaining underrepresented students into the field as physics majors at South Carolina State University is reviewed. We recently graduated from Clemson a POCA student with a M.S. in astronomy who has since continued on for a Ph.D. in a related field, while another underrepresented student continues toward her Ph.D. in astronomy. Support for the POCA project is provided by the NSF PAARE program to South Carolina State University under award AST-0750814 as well as resources and support provided by Clemson University and the National Optical Astronomy Observatory. Support for the Kepler observations is provided by NASA to South Carolina State University under awards NNX11AB82G and NNX13AC24G. Additional details can be found at: http://physics.scsu.edu/paare/

Walter, Donald K.; Brittain, S. D.; Cash, J.; Hartmann, D.; Hinkle, K. H.; Howell, S. B.; King, J. R.; Leising, M. D.; Mighell, K. J.; Smith, D. M.

2014-01-01

323

Project 2 | UK Energy Research Centre  

Project 2: Life Cycle Assessment of Organic Photovoltaic Systems: Energy, \\Carbon ... Systems: Energy, Carbon and Monetary Analysis - Abbreviated final \\report ... Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), and finance/economic to seek a \\methodology for ...

324

Annual review of research projects 1980  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Australian Radiation Laboratory is a national centre concerned with the public and occupational health aspects of the use of both ionising and non-ionising radiation. Thirty two projects which were in progress during 1980 are described

325

SID 5 Research Project Final Report  

Nov 22, 2006 ... cattle by 2025) and an increase in the areas of wheat and oilseed rape, driven ..... \\Other Cereals (oats, corn, rye, triticale) ..... Defra project WQ0106 (Anthony, 2006) \\defined representative soil texture and climate zones for the ...

326

Cabri project - a collaborative research facility  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The paper describes the results of a case-study of the Cabri Fast Breeder Reactor Project. The study was part of a wider evaluation of the benefits and costs of international collaboration in Europe for the development of fast breeder reactors. Origins of the Cabri reactor project, fast reactor development in Europe, organisational structure, financial arrangements, personnel arrangements, and costs and benefits, are all discussed. (U.K.)

327

General Electric Research Team Mathematics Project.  

Science.gov (United States)

This research was directed at strengthening DARPA's Prognosis initiative by including new mathematical methods for managing uncertainty during the design, application, and prediction of the behavior of structural materials. The research program consisted ...

A. T. Patera

2005-01-01

328

The Competition for Industry Research Funding: How Satisfied Are University Commercial Research Clients?  

Science.gov (United States)

Constrained public funding for universities and the emphasis placed on university-industry interactions mean that universities are increasingly required to compete for industrial funds for research. This in turn means that universities need to develop a customer service culture in order to be competitive and attractive to industry. Many studies…

Coyle, Troy

2009-01-01

329

Teacher Research and University Institutional Review Boards  

Science.gov (United States)

The author combines a literature review with a theoretical analysis of the interface between teacher researchers and Institutional Review Boards in higher education. Maintaining that teacher researchers are "creators of knowledge" (Castle, 2006, p. 2), the article explores the lack of fit between insider research with an emic design and the…

Brown, Pamela U.

2010-01-01

330

Integrative Research in the University Context: Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, The Australian National University  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available At a time of increasing interest and advocacy in integrated and policy-oriented research, this paper offers an empirically-based view of the intellectual and practical challenges of undertaking such research. It analyses the experience of a long-standing university research and postgraduate training centre from 1973-2004: the Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies at The Australian National University. The paper discusses staff development issues, cross-disciplinary understanding, organisational requirements for collaborative research, postgraduate and early career considerations, a range of integrative frameworks, and the tensions that arise for interdisciplinary research in the political and economic operating environments of modern universities.

Robert J. Wasson

2005-01-01

331

Operational project, renewal of the RA research reactor, Vol. 1  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The project for renewal of the RA research reactor, according to the contract signed by 'Atomenergoeksport' and the Institute Boris Kidric in Vinca, covers the following: reactor control and reactor protection systems; control and measuring of reactor parameters; dosimetry control. The objective of the project, exchange of the aged equipment is fulfillment of nuclear safety standards for research reactors

332

Research in information managment at Dublin City University  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Information Management Group at Dublin City University has research themes such as digital multimedia, interoperable systems and database engineering. In the area of digital multimedia, a collaboration with our School of Electronic Engineering has formed the Centre for Digital Video Processing, a university designated research centre whose aim is to research, develop and evaluate content-based operations on digital video information. To achieve this goal, the range of expertise in this ce...

Roantree, Mark; Smeaton, Alan F.

2002-01-01

333

University Knowledge Management Tool for Academic Research Activity Evaluation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The implementation of an efficient university knowledge management system involves the de-velopment of several software tools that assist the decision making process for the three main activities of a university: teaching, research, and management. Artificial intelligence provides a variety of techniques that can be used by such tools: machine learning, data mining, text mining, knowledge based systems, expert systems, case-based reasoning, decision support systems, intelligent agents etc. In this paper it is proposed a generic structure of a university knowledge management system, and it is presented an expert system, ACDI_UPG, developed for academic research activity evaluation, that can be used as a decision support tool by the university knowledge management system for planning future research activities according to the main objectives of the university and of the national / international academic research funding organizations.

Mihaela OPREA

2011-01-01

334

UNIVERSITY TURBINE SYSTEMS RESEARCH-HIGH EFFICIENCY ENGINES AND TURBINES (UTSR-HEET)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In 2002, the U S Department of Energy established a cooperative agreement for a program now designated as the University Turbine Systems (UTSR) Program. As stated in the cooperative agreement, the objective of the program is to support and facilitate development of advanced energy systems incorporating turbines through a university research environment. This document is the first annual, technical progress report for the UTSR Program. The Executive Summary describes activities for the year of the South Carolina Institute for Energy Studies (SCIES), which administers the UTSR Program. Included are descriptions of: Outline of program administrative activities; Award of the first 10 university research projects resulting from a year 2001 RFP; Year 2002 solicitation and proposal selection for awards in 2003; Three UTSR Workshops in Combustion, Aero/Heat Transfer, and Materials; SCIES participation in workshops and meetings to provide input on technical direction for the DOE HEET Program; Eight Industrial Internships awarded to higher level university students; Increased membership of Performing Member Universities to 105 institutions in 40 states; Summary of outreach activities; and a Summary table describing the ten newly awarded UTSR research projects. Attachment A gives more detail on SCIES activities by providing the monthly exceptions reports sent to the DOE during the year. Attachment B provides additional information on outreach activities for 2002. The remainder of this report describes in detail the technical approach, results, and conclusions to date for the UTSR university projects.

Lawrence P. Golan; Richard A. Wenglarz; William H. Day

2003-03-01

335

Distributed Research Project Scheduling Based on Multi-Agent Methods  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Different project planning and scheduling approaches have been developed. The Operational Research (OR provides two major planning techniques: CPM (Critical Path Method and PERT (Program Evaluation and Review Technique. Due to projects complexity and difficulty to use classical methods, new approaches were developed. Artificial Intelligence (AI initially promoted the automatic planner concept, but model-based planning and scheduling methods emerged later on. The paper adresses the project scheduling optimization problem, when projects are seen as Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS. Taken into consideration two different approaches for project scheduling optimization: TCPSP (Time- Constrained Project Scheduling and RCPSP (Resource-Constrained Project Scheduling, the paper focuses on a multiagent implementation in MATLAB for TCSP. Using the research project as a case study, the paper includes a comparison between two multi-agent methods: Genetic Algorithm (GA and Ant Colony Algorithm (ACO.

Constanta Nicoleta Bodea

2011-01-01

336

Final Report for the portion performed in the University of Illinois on the project entitled "Optimizing the Cloud-Aerosol-Radiation Ensemble Modeling System to Improve Future Climate Change Projections at Regional to Local Scales"  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This is the final report for the closure of the research tasks on the project that have performed during the entire reporting period in the University of Illinois. It contains a summary of the achievements and details of key results as well as the future plan for this project to be continued in the University of Maryland.

Liang, Xin-Zhong

2011-01-31

337

A research capacity strengthening project for infectious diseases in Honduras: experience and lessons learned  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: In Honduras, research capacity strengthening (RCS has not received sufficient attention, but an increase in research competencies would enable local scientists to advance knowledge and contribute to national priorities, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs. Objective: This project aimed at strengthening research capacity in infectious diseases in Honduras, focusing on the School of Microbiology of the National Autonomous University of Honduras (UNAH. The primary objective was the creation of a research-based graduate program for the continued training of researchers. Parallel objectives included institutional strengthening and the facilitation of partnerships and networks. Methods: Based on a multi-stakeholder consultation, an RCS workplan was designed and undertaken from 2007 to 2012. Due to unexpected adverse circumstances, the first 2 years were heavily dedicated to implementing the project's flagship, an MSc program in infectious and zoonotic diseases (MEIZ. In addition, infrastructure improvements and demand-driven continuing education opportunities were facilitated; biosafety and research ethics knowledge and practices were enhanced, and networks fostering collaborative work were created or expanded. Results: The project coincided with the peak of UNAH's radical administrative reform and an unprecedented constitutional crisis. Challenges notwithstanding, in September 2009, MEIZ admitted the first cohort of students, all of whom undertook MDG-related projects graduating successfully by 2012. Importantly, MEIZ has been helpful in expanding the School of Microbiology's traditional etiology-based, disciplinary model to infectious disease teaching and research. By fulfilling its objectives, the project contributed to a stronger research culture upholding safety and ethical values at the university. Conclusions: The resources and strategic vision afforded by the project enhanced UNAH's overall research capacity and its potential contribution to the MDGs. Furthermore, increased research activity and the ensuing improvement in performance indicators at the prime Honduran research institution invoke the need for a national research system in Honduras.

Ana Lourdes Sanchez

2013-08-01

338

A research capacity strengthening project for infectious diseases in Honduras: experience and lessons learned  

Science.gov (United States)

Background In Honduras, research capacity strengthening (RCS) has not received sufficient attention, but an increase in research competencies would enable local scientists to advance knowledge and contribute to national priorities, including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Objective This project aimed at strengthening research capacity in infectious diseases in Honduras, focusing on the School of Microbiology of the National Autonomous University of Honduras (UNAH). The primary objective was the creation of a research-based graduate program for the continued training of researchers. Parallel objectives included institutional strengthening and the facilitation of partnerships and networks. Methods Based on a multi-stakeholder consultation, an RCS workplan was designed and undertaken from 2007 to 2012. Due to unexpected adverse circumstances, the first 2 years were heavily dedicated to implementing the project's flagship, an MSc program in infectious and zoonotic diseases (MEIZ). In addition, infrastructure improvements and demand-driven continuing education opportunities were facilitated; biosafety and research ethics knowledge and practices were enhanced, and networks fostering collaborative work were created or expanded. Results The project coincided with the peak of UNAH's radical administrative reform and an unprecedented constitutional crisis. Challenges notwithstanding, in September 2009, MEIZ admitted the first cohort of students, all of whom undertook MDG-related projects graduating successfully by 2012. Importantly, MEIZ has been helpful in expanding the School of Microbiology's traditional etiology-based, disciplinary model to infectious disease teaching and research. By fulfilling its objectives, the project contributed to a stronger research culture upholding safety and ethical values at the university. Conclusions The resources and strategic vision afforded by the project enhanced UNAH's overall research capacity and its potential contribution to the MDGs. Furthermore, increased research activity and the ensuing improvement in performance indicators at the prime Honduran research institution invoke the need for a national research system in Honduras. PMID:23930937

Sanchez, Ana Lourdes; Canales, Maritza; Enriquez, Lourdes; Bottazzi, Maria Elena; Zelaya, Ada Argentina; Espinoza, Vilma Esther; Fontecha, Gustavo Adolfo

2013-01-01

339

Teaching Mindfulness at a Public Research University  

Science.gov (United States)

Given the lack of published spiritual practices in classroom settings, particularly in public colleges and universities, this article provides one way of promoting mindfulness in an academic course format. Personal insights and practices are shared as a way to encourage fellow instructors not only to teach mindfulness but, more importantly, to…

Lee, Jenny J.

2012-01-01

340

Clinical Research In The International Medical University  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Clinical research refers to any field ofresearch involving human subjects. Clinicians asresearchers are well placed in contributing to research asthey have access to human subjects and are able to applyresearch results for better patient outcome. The need forclinician-scientists as a dedicated breed is henceimplied. Clinical research has low priority in the agendaof academic clinicians for various reasons. Strategies toovercome such a malady include training in researchmethodology and creating a permissive environment forthe conduct of research. The IMU has introducedseveral measures to enhance clinical research and has avibrant postgraduate program. The BMedSc programmehas seen an increase in MBBS students taking thisdegree. Research is part of the curriculum before theSemester 7 examinations. Clinicians have beenincreasingly seen to be involved in research. Theenhancement of clinical research through encouragingformal clinical research training and development of theMBBS-PhD programs could further enhance clinicalresearch at the IMU. Attention to logistic constraints,improvement in collaboration with the CRC-MOH andother agencies and the close working relationship withscientists will propel clinical research to higher levels.

Sivalingam Nalliah

2008-12-01

 
 
 
 
341

Scientific projection paper for space radiobiological research  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A nationale for the radiobiological research requirements for space is rooted in a national commitment to the exploration of space, mandated in the form of the National Space Act. This research is almost entirely centered on man; more specifically, on the effects of the space radiation environment on man and his protection from them. The research needs discussed in this presentation include the space radiation environment; dosimetry; radiation biology-high LET particles (dose/response); and operational countermeasures

342

Research Universities: Autonomy and Self-Reliance after the Entrepreneurial University  

Science.gov (United States)

The Entrepreneurial University is a failed idea. This is not to disparage the entrepreneurial activities of faculty, graduates and students. Neither is it to criticise industry-sponsored research and co-authorship. University research and higher education have a role in innovation. However, if entrepreneurialism is institutionalised as a policy of…

Armbruster, Chris

2008-01-01

343

The Concept of Research University: The Implementation in the Context of Malaysian University System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

‘Innovate or perish’. Universities in this age have evolved far beyond the traditional settings where university was an institution for disseminating knowledge, but today university has been running the role of country’s innovation excellence where it has become a place for disseminating and producing knowledge as well as commercializing their research output which contributed largely to the country’s economic development. Thus this paper highlight the development of research universi...

Nasiibah Ramli; Zainol, Zinatul A.; Junaidi Abdul Aziz; Hasani Mohd. Ali; Jady Hassim; Wan Mohd. Hirwani Wan Hussein; Ruzian Markom; Wan Siti Adibah Wan Dahalan; Noor Inayah Yaakob

2013-01-01

344

2 Posts Associate Research Fellow/Research Fellow, University of ...  

Mar 7, 2014 ... Theme 1: Future energy system pathways · Theme 2: Resources and vectors ... \\Blog · Search · Contact Us ... The posts will support the EPSRC projects \\SMARTER ( Smart Multifunctional Architecture on energy harvesting and ...

345

The Sunflower Cardiopulmonary Research Project of Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

A three year project designed to determine the value of a health program incorporating a cardiopulmonary fitness program is described. The instructional programs were in heart health, pulmonary health, nutrition, and physical fitness. A noncompetitive exercise and fitness period was employed in addition to the normal physical education time.…

Greene, Leon

346

Higher Education Research Institutes in Chinese Universities  

Science.gov (United States)

Initially emerged in 1978, higher education research institutes (HERIs) in Mainland China have experienced rapid expansion and have become a major force in higher education reform in the last three decades. The development of these research institutes is closely related to the substantive growth of the higher education system itself as well as…

Wang, Qi; Liu, Nian Cai

2014-01-01

347

Supporting Teaching in Research Universities and Teaching Colleges.  

Science.gov (United States)

The viewpoints of graduate deans, continuing education deans, and chief liberal arts academic officers about the relative availability of institutional funds to support teaching and research are compared. Distinctions between research universities and teaching colleges in funding teaching and research activities are also explored, based on the…

Lynch, David M.; Bowker, Lee H.

348

Identifying and Addressing Challenges to Research in University Laboratory Preschools  

Science.gov (United States)

Research Findings: This essay offers a review of challenges that university laboratory preschools face in providing a site for research that fits with other components of the program mission. An argument is made to consider paradigm shifts in research questions and methods that move away from traditions within the fields that study children's…

File, Nancy

2012-01-01

349

Supporting a UK success story: The impact of university research ...  

... About the individual Research Councils; Activities · Government funding ... \\Supporting a UK success story: The impact of university research and sport \\development ... which research has helped Team GB limber up and prepare for \\London 2012. ... mean the difference between gold and silver medals in \\competitive sports.

350

A research for identifying study anxiety sources among university students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available University students suffer to some levels of study anxiety, such as; have new experiences, environment and situation. Study anxiety is a real phenomenon. Campus environment has universal access to increase study anxiety among students. The prevalence of study anxiety has been acknowledged by students and educators. However, no current researches exist to identify the study anxiety sources among university students. In this research, we present a survey aimed to identify of study anxiety sources among university students. The survey involves 770 students of Universiti Malaysia Pahang. The survey asks student about experiences, feels and thoughts related with anxieties during study process. The results identify seven sources. But, there are five potential sources of study anxiety; exam anxiety, class presentation anxiety, mathematic anxiety, language anxiety and social anxiety. Descriptive statistic used to analyze the data which was run in SPSS 16.0. This result will be used to address study anxiety sources among university students

Prima Vitasari

2010-04-01

351

Policy of long term promotion of nuclear fusion researches in universities and others (suggestion)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Recently, the large project concerning nuclear fusion has progressed smoothly, and the stage to consider the next project has come. To meet the situation like this, the Nuclear Fusion Subcommittee has deliberated the policy of promoting nuclear fusion researches for coming several years, and summarized it as described in the attached paper. The expectation to the atomic energy by the control of nuclear fusion as permanent energy source is very large, and the role of universities and others embracing wide scientific fields and doing pioneering research activities is very important. Thereupon this suggestion is made. The objectives and the tendency of nuclear fusion researches, the nuclear fusion researches in Japan, the role of universities and others in nuclear fusion researches, the basic way of thinking to determine the promotion policy, the policy of promoting nuclear fusion researches, the evaluation of researches and the review of research projects are discussed. The construction of plasma generation facilities capable of producing nuclear fusion reaction, the development of the required related techniques, the researches on the other systems substituting for tokamak, and the rearrangement of the research organizations are suggested. The international cooperation in this field is indispensable. (Kako, I.)

352

Contribution of a small university reactor to nuclear research in education and training  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Triga Mark II reactor in Vienna, operated by the Vienna University of Technology, is the research reactor facility closest to the IAEA. Its main tasks are nuclear education and training in the fields of neutron and solid state physics, nuclear technology, reactor safety, radiochemistry, radiation protection and dosimetry, and low temperature physics and fusion research. Academic research is carried out by students in the fields mentioned. The students are coordinated and supervised by about 70 staff members with the aim of a Master's Degree or PhD in one of the areas mentioned. In addition, the Atomic Institute of the Austrian Universities cooperates closely with the IAEA, located nearby, in research projects, coordinated research projects (CRPs) and in supplying expert services. Regular training courses are performed for the IAEA for safeguard trainees. Moreover, fellowship places are offered for scientists from developing countries and staff members carry out expert missions to research centres in Africa, Asia and South America. Special nuclear material (SNM) belonging to the IAEA is stored for calibration purposes at the Atomic Institute. A summary follows of how and to what extent low power research reactors can efficiently be used to serve university education and training, cooperation with international and national networks, as well as for the IAEA in various fields, such as nuclear safeguards and participation in international coordinated projectsnternational coordinated projects

353

Decommissioning Project for the Research Reactor  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In 2008, tried to complete the whole decommissioning project of KRR-1 and KRR-2 and preparing work for memorial museum of KRR-1 reactor. Now the project is delayed for 3 months because of finding unexpected soil contamination around facility and treatment of. To do final residual radioactivity assessment applied by MARSSIM procedure. Accumulated decommissioning experiences and technologies will be very usefully to do decommissioning other nuclear related facility. At the decommissioning site of the uranium conversion plant, the decontamination of the dismantled carbon steel waste are being performed and the lagoon 1 sludge waste is being treated this year. The technologies and experiences obtained from the UCP dismantling works are expected to apply to other fuel cycle facilities decommissioning. The lagoon sludge treatment technology is the first applied technology in the actual field and it is expected that this technology could be applied to other country

354

Puerto Rico Sustainable Communities Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of EPA’s Sustainable and Healthy Communities Research Program (SHCRP) is to inform and empower decision?makers to equitably weigh and integrate human health, socio?economic, environmental, and ecological factors to foster community sustainability. Pue...

355

University opposition to unfettered research: a new bedfellow for biotech?  

Science.gov (United States)

This Article examines university opposition to a proposed statutory exemption to infringement liability for basic genetic research and patient care. Gene patenting has allowed patentees to bar basic genetic research, slowing the progress of developing and administering diagnostics and gene-targeting therapeutics. Debates over the merits of gene patents have been heated, most recently leading to an unprecedented invalidation of several broad patents covering all variations and use of two genes linked to breast and ovarian cancers. More important, however (as this ruling was reversed in part), are proposed statutory exemptions to infringement liability. The Department of Health and Human Services' Secretary's Advisory Committee on Genetics, Health, and Society (SACGHS) has promulgated an exemption from liability for infringement that occurs in the course of research. This exemption would promote basic research by granting academic scientists unfettered access to genetic material. The proposal does not alter the patentability of gene sequences; it merely restricts patentees from using infringement threats to stop research. Surprisingly, the Association of University Technology Managers (AUTM), an organization responsible for promoting development of university research, opposes such an exemption. The AUTM alleges that the exemption would slow research by reducing the incentive for private firms to invest in upstream discoveries made in university laboratories. Yet the exemption would do the opposite: by opening the doors to research relating to any gene segment, a research exemption would accelerate basic research. Moreover, it would not affect collaboration with private industry: where there is potential to commercialize basic research, biomedical companies would continue to license the rights to university discoveries. Thus, the AUTM's motivations in opposing the proposed research exemption are suspect. They appear to reflect either a misunderstanding of the purpose behind granting property rights to publicly funded university research, or an improper alignment with industry goals. PMID:22616545

Record, Katherine L

2012-01-01

356

Purdue University Center for Cancer Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Purdue is an interdisciplinary cancer research center. Its mission is to promote discovery in the areas of biological phenomena, new chemical entities, and newtechnology that leads to the development of innovative instrumentation, new diagnostic tools, and noveltherapeutics. By studying cancers at the cellular level, researchers are discovering how such diseases develop, progress, and respond to treatment. The goal is to find ways to detect cancer sooner and treat it more effectively.

357

International Collaborations between Research Universities: Experiences and Best Practices  

Science.gov (United States)

The world science scenario has observed, in recent years, an important transformation. With the advent of fairly complete publication databases and the improvement of the Internet a number of world university rankings were created, with a clear bias towards research universities. Also, a new field of scientometrics has been developed, and recent…

Knobel, Marcelo; Simoes, Tania Patricia; de Brito Cruz, Carlos Henrique

2013-01-01

358

Librarian Status at US Research Universities: Extending the Typology  

Science.gov (United States)

A typology of librarian status developed for land grant universities is extended to US research universities. Land grant librarians are tenure-track faculty in 70% of institutions. Librarians in the expanded population have that status slightly more than half the time. Institution size, geographic region, and public/private governance are…

Bolin, Mary K.

2008-01-01

359

Commercialization of University Research for Technology-Based Economic Development  

Science.gov (United States)

This empirical study investigates the hypothesized relationship between US federally funded university research and development (R&D) and its resulting economic impact, as measured by the level of licensing revenue generated by US universities. The author also examines the key operating statistics of the top-ten licensing income-producing…

Ferguson, W. Ker

2011-01-01

360

Intellectual Property and Online Courses: Policies at Major Research Universities  

Science.gov (United States)

This study describes an investigation of the intellectual property policies of a stratified random sample of public and private Carnegie Doctoral Research-Extensive Universities. University policies were examined to determine whether or not they included provisions for distance education materials or courseware, what provisions were made for…

Loggie, Kathryn Ann; Barron, Ann E.; Gulitz, Elizabeth; Hohlfeld, Tina N.; Kromrey, Jeffrey D.; Sweeney, Phyllis

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Developing Effective Social Work University-Community Research Collaborations  

Science.gov (United States)

In many instances, departments of social work in universities and community-based social services agencies have common interests in improving professional practice and advancing knowledge in the profession. Effective university-community research collaborations can help partners achieve these goals jointly, but to be effective these collaborative…

Begun, Audrey L.; Berger, Lisa K.; Otto-Salaj, Laura L.; Rose, Susan J.

2010-01-01

362

Current and planned cochlear implant research at New York University Laboratory for Translational Auditory Research.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Laboratory of Translational Auditory Research (LTAR/NYUSM) is part of the Department of Otolaryngology at the New York University School of Medicine and has close ties to the New York University Cochlear Implant Center. LTAR investigators have expertise in multiple related disciplines including speech and hearing science, audiology, engineering, and physiology. The lines of research in the laboratory deal mostly with speech perception by hearing impaired listeners, and particularly those who use cochlear implants (CIs) or hearing aids (HAs). Although the laboratory's research interests are diverse, there are common threads that permeate and tie all of its work. In particular, a strong interest in translational research underlies even the most basic studies carried out in the laboratory. Another important element is the development of engineering and computational tools, which range from mathematical models of speech perception to software and hardware that bypass clinical speech processors and stimulate cochlear implants directly, to novel ways of analyzing clinical outcomes data. If the appropriate tool to conduct an important experiment does not exist, we may work to develop it, either in house or in collaboration with academic or industrial partners. Another notable characteristic of the laboratory is its interdisciplinary nature where, for example, an audiologist and an engineer might work closely to develop an approach that would not have been feasible if each had worked singly on the project. Similarly, investigators with expertise in hearing aids and cochlear implants might join forces to study how human listeners integrate information provided by a CI and a HA. The following pages provide a flavor of the diversity and the commonalities of our research interests. PMID:22668763

Svirsky, Mario A; Fitzgerald, Matthew B; Neuman, Arlene; Sagi, Elad; Tan, Chin-Tuan; Ketten, Darlene; Martin, Brett

2012-06-01

363

Development of a Research Dedicated Archival System (TARAS) in a University Hospital  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Recent healthcare policies have influenced the manner in which patient data is handled in research projects, and the regulations concerning protected health information have become significantly tighter. Thus, new procedures are needed to facilitate research while protecting the confidentiality of patient data and ensuring the integrity of clinical work in the expanding environment of electronic files and databases. We have addressed this problem in a university hospital setting by developing...

Rajala, Tiina; Savio, Sami; Penttinen, Jarkko; Dastidar, Prasun; Ka?ho?nen, Mika; Eskola, Hannu; Miettunen, Risto; Turjanmaa, Va?ino?; Ja?rvenpa?a?, Ritva

2011-01-01

364

A comprehensive crop genome research project: the Superhybrid Rice Genome Project in China  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In May 2000, the Beijing Institute of Genomics formally announced the launch of a comprehensive crop genome research project on rice genomics, the Chinese Superhybrid Rice Genome Project. SRGP is not simply a sequencing project targeted to a single rice (Oryza sativa L.) genome, but a full-swing research effort with an ultimate goal of providing inclusive basic genomic information and molecular tools not only to understand biology of the rice, both as an important crop species and a model org...

Yu, Jun; Ka-shu Wong, Gane; Liu, Siqi; Wang, Jian; Yang, Huanming

2007-01-01

365

Norwegian computers in European energy research project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

16 NORD computers have been ordered for the JET data acquisition and storage system. The computers will be arranged in a 'double star' configuration, developed by CERN. Two control consoles each have their own computer. All computers for communication, control, diagnostics, consoles and testing are NORD-100s while the computer for data storage and analysis is a NORD-500. The operating system is SINTRAN CAMAC SERIAL HIGHWAY with fibre optics to be used for long communications paths. The programming languages FORTRAN, NODAL, NORD PL, PASCAL and BASIC may be used. The JET project and TOKAMAK type machines are briefly described. (JIW)

366

European fuel cell research and development projects  

Science.gov (United States)

The state of fuel cell systems technology in Europe is reviewed. The major developments in alkaline fuel cell systems research are outlined. Present research efforts in the field of alkaline fuel cell systems are listed, including the development of a 7/20 kW H-O fuel cell power plant with nonnoble metal catalysts and a 5-60 H2-air fuel cell power plant, plans for the fuel cell power plant for the Hermes space vehicle, and research concerning the commercial application of various fuel cell types. In addition, consideration is given to reseach on topics related to nonalkaline fuel cell systems such as a methanol cracking unit combined with a 1-2 kW phosphoric-acid fuel cell system with tungsten carbide anodes, direct cells with sulfuric acid, solid polymer electrolyte fueld cells, and medium-temperature solid oxide fuel cells.

Kordesch, Karl; Gsellmann, Josef; Kalal, Petr; Oliveira, Jilio C. T.; Steininger, Karl-Heinz

367

Patentometrics As Performance Indicators for Allocating Research Funding to Universities  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper is part of a preliminary investigation of potential indicators on the performance of universities and other public research institutions to be used for allocating general and other research funding. The paper will describe and discuss potential patentometrics and how they can be used in different types of analyses and evaluations in general and relating to universities and other public research institutions. Further, the relevance and possibility of including some patentometrics in the allocation of research funding is discussed. Also, other metrics regarding academic linkages with industry and other sectors are considered.

Mortensen, Peter Stendahl

2011-01-01

368

Future plans on the Kyoto University Research Reactor (KUR)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The Research Reactor Institute (RRI), Kyoto University, for aiming at performing the 'Experiments using a reactor and its related research', was established in Showa 38 (1963) as a cooperative research institute for universities and so on in allover Japan. Operation using KUR of one of main facilities in RRI was started by 1 MW of its rated output in 1964, and converted to 5 MW in 1968, after which through development , addition and modification of various research apparatus it has been proposed to the cooperative application researches with universities and so on in allover Japan, hitherto. Among these periods, its research organization is improved to six departments containing twenty divisions and two attached research facilities to progress some investigations on future plans at RRI for response to new researching trends. Here were described on present state of research on use of low concentrated uranium fuels at research reactor, and future plans on neutron factory and hybrid reactor. The former aims at establishment of a new research facility capable of alternating to KUR for future academic research on research reactor containing high quality and high degree application of neutron field and safety management and feature upgrading of nuclear energy. And, the latter aims at development on an accelerator drive uncritical reactor combined an accelerator neutron source and an uncritical reactor. (G.K.)

369

Project-oriented education for a project management course at the undergraduate level: experience of pedagogy — a case study from Nankai University in China  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available With the aim of changing the traditional passive learning style in higher education in China, the Center for Project Management Research at Nankai University (CPMRNK has spent ten years studying the pedagogical approach of project-oriented education, and has had some success with this in its project management course. Its project-oriented education is a new initiative that comprises: teaching in class by teachers first; designing projects after class by students; presenting the designs in the next class; using the designs as cases and doing the case study in the class; correcting the mistakes in the designs after that class; and continuing these cycles until the course is finished. The course implementation effect and feedback from the students using Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ are analysed after the introduction of teaching methodology. All the teaching skills and techniques used in their project-oriented education are also discussed in this paper. To change the traditional passive learning style in higher education of China, the Center for Project Management Research in Nankai University (CPMRNK has spent ten years researching into the pedagogical approach of project-oriented education and gained some achievements in its application to project management course. Their project-oriented education is a new pattern that combines all the steps and contents of: teaching in class by teachers first, designing projects after class by students then, presenting the designs in next class, using the designs as cases and doing the case study in the class, correcting the mistakes in the designs after that class, and continuing these cycles until finishing the whole course. The course implementation effect and feedback from the students using Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ are analyzed after the introduction of teaching methodology. All the teaching skills and techniques used in their project-oriented education are also discussed in this paper.

Anbang Qi

2011-08-01

370

Nuclear criticality research at the University of New Mexico  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Two projects at the University of New Mexico are briefly described. The university`s Chemical and Nuclear Engineering Department has completed the final draft of a primer for MCNP4A, which it plans to publish soon. The primer was written to help an analyst who has little experience with the MCNP code to perform criticality safety analyses. In addition, the department has carried out a series of approach-to-critical experiments on the SHEBA-II, a UO{sub 2}F{sub 2} solution critical assembly at Los Alamos National Laboratory. The results obtained differed slightly from what was predicted by the TWODANT code.

Busch, R.D. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

1997-06-01

371

Artificial Intelligence Research in Engineering at North Carolina State University  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article presents a summary of ongoing, funded artificial intelligence research at North Carolina State University. The primary focus of the research is engineering aspects of artificial intelligence. These research efforts can be categorized into four main areas: engineering expert systems, generative database management systems, human-machine communication, and robotics and vision. Involved in the research are investigators from both the School of Engineering and the Department of Compu...

Rasdorf, William J.; Fisher, Edward L.

1985-01-01

372

Engineering Education in Research-Intensive Universities  

Science.gov (United States)

The strengths and weaknesses of engineering education in research-intensive institutions are reported and key areas for developmental focus identified. The work is based on a questionnaire and session summaries used during a two-day international conference held at Imperial College London. The findings highlight several common concerns, such as…

Alpay, E.; Jones, M. E.

2012-01-01

373

Gender Issues in the University Research Environment  

Science.gov (United States)

Recruiting and retaining females within science, engineering and technology continues to challenge many European higher education institutions. This study looks at female self-perceptions relating to effective research work and career progression. Focus groups are used to examine the attitudes and experiences of females and a questionnaire is used…

Alpay, E.; Hari, A.; Kambouri, M.; Ahearn, A. L.

2010-01-01

374

Utilization of research reactors in universities and their medical applications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In Japan, five research reactors and a critical assembly are operated by the universities. They are opened to all university researchers, the system of which is financially supported by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Science of the Japanese government. Usually KUR is operated eight cycles per year. One cycle consists of the following four week operation: 1. Mainly for researchers from other universities; 2. Mainly for researchers in the institute; 3. Mainly for beam experiment; 4. Sort time experiment. In the weeks of 1 ? 3 the KUR is operated continously from Tuesday morning to Friday evening. The experiment include studies on physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, engineering etc. Recently the medical application of research reactors has become popular in Japan. The new technique of the boron neutron capture thereby has been successfully applied to brain tumors and will be to melanoma (skin cancer) in near future. (author)

375

Medical Universities Educational and Research Online Services: Benchmarking Universities' Website Towards E-Government  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Websites as one of the initial steps towards an e-government adoption do facilitate delivery of online and customer-oriented services. In this study we intended to investigate the role of the websites of medical universities in providing educational and research services following the E-government maturity model in the Iranian universities. Methods: This descriptive and cross- sectional study was conducted through content analysis and benchmarking the websites in 2012. The research population included the entire medical university website (37). Delivery of educational and research services through these university websites including information, interaction, transaction, and Integration were investigated using a checklist. The data were then analyzed by means of descriptive statistics and using SPSS software. Results: Level of educational and research services by websites of the medical universities type I and II was evaluated medium as 1.99 and 1.89, respectively. All the universities gained a mean score of 1 out of 3 in terms of integration of educational and research services. Conclusions: Results of the study indicated that Iranian universities have passed information and interaction stages, but they have not made much progress in transaction and integration stages. Failure to adapt to e-government in Iranian medical universities in which limiting factors such as users’ e-literacy, access to the internet and ICT infrastructure are not so crucial as in other organizations, suggest that e-government realization goes beyond technical challenges. PMID:25132713

Farzandipour, Mehrdad; Meidani, Zahra

2014-01-01

376

Moscow State University physics alumni and the Soviet Atomic Project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In this paper, two closely related themes are addressed: (1) the role that M V Lomonosov Moscow State University (MSU) played in training specialists in physics for the Soviet Atomic Project, and (2) what its alumni contributed to the development of thermonuclear weapons. In its earlier stages, the Soviet Atomic Project was in acute need of qualified personnel, without whom building nuclear and thermonuclear weapons would be an impossible task, and MSU became a key higher educational institution grappled with the training problem. The first part of the paper discusses the efforts of the leading Soviet scientists and leaders of FMD (First Main Directorate) to organize the training of specialists in nuclear physics at the MSU Physics Department and, on the other hand, to create a new Physics and Technology Department at the university. As a result, a number of Soviet Government's resolutions were prepared and issued, part of which are presented in the paper and give an idea of the large-scale challenges this sphere of education was facing at the time. Information is presented for the first time on the early MSU Physics Department graduates in the structure of matter, being employed in the FMD organizations and enterprises from 1948 to 1951. The second part discusses the contribution to the development of thermonuclear weapons by the teams of scientists led by Academicians I E Tamm, A N Tikhonov, and I M Frank, and including MSU physics alumni. The paper will be useful to anyone interested in the history of Russian physics. (from the history of physics)

377

Research on Post-Evaluation of Oilfield Ground Engineering Project  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Based on the research results of the scholars from domestic and overseas, we construct a evaluation index system for post- evaluation of oilfield ground engineering project focusing on the characteristics of the ground engineer project and combining the characteristics of the development of oilfield. The system includes 3 primary indicators, such as pre-project, 8 secondary indicators and 35 tertiary indicators. Multistage fuzzy evaluation with the combination of quantitative analysi...

Xiao, Yanling; Li, Lin; Hongyun Luo

2012-01-01

378

Foreign and International Awardee Conditions for Non-Research Projects  

Science.gov (United States)

NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION FOREIGN AND INTERNATIONAL AWARDEE CONDITIONS FOR NON-RESEARCH PROJECTS ... an account in a United States bank or use a foreign bank with a branch that is licensed to operate ...

379

Tunnel Boring Machine for nuclear waste repository research project  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A description is presented of a Tunnel Boring Machine and its intended use on a research project underway in Sweden for demonstrating and testing methods for rock investigation at a suitable depth for a deep repository for nuclear waste

380

Integrating research and education at research-extensive universities with research-intensive communities  

Science.gov (United States)

Although the Boyer Commission (1998) lamented the lack of research opportunities for all undergraduates at research-extensive universities, it did not provide a feasible solution consistent with the mandate for faculty to maintain sustainable physiology research programs. The costs associated with one-on-one mentoring, and the lack of a sufficient number of faculty members to give intensive attention to undergraduate researchers, make one-on-one mentoring impractical. We therefore developed and implemented the "research-intensive community" model with the aim of aligning diverse goals of participants while simultaneously optimizing research productivity. The fundamental organizational unit is a team consisting of one graduate student and three undergraduates from different majors, supervised by a faculty member. Undergraduate workshops, Graduate Leadership Forums, and computer-mediated communication provide an infrastructure to optimize programmatic efficiency and sustain a multilevel, interdisciplinary community of scholars dedicated to research. While the model radically increases the number of undergraduates that can be supported by a single faculty member, the inherent resilience and scalability of the resulting complex adaptive system enables a research-intensive community program to evolve and grow.

Ketaki V Desai (Texas A&M University Michael E DeBakery Institute); Sarah N Gatson (Texas A&M University Sociology); Thomas W Stiles (Texas A&M University Teaching, Learning, and Culture); Randolph H Stewart (Texas A&M University Michael E. DeBakery Institute); PhD Glen A. Laine (Texas A&M Univ Col Vet Med); Christopher M Quick (Texas A&M University Michael E. DeBakey Institute)

2008-03-26

 
 
 
 
381

University Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics Research and Development  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The overall goal of the program is to advance the current state of crystalline silicon solar cell technology to make photovoltaics more competitive with conventional energy sources. This program emphasizes fundamental and applied research that results in low-cost, high-efficiency cells on commercial silicon substrates with strong involvement of the PV industry, and support a very strong photovoltaics education program in the US based on classroom education and hands-on training in the laboratory.

Ajeet Rohatgi; Vijay Yelundur; Abasifreke Ebong; Dong Seop Kim

2008-08-18

382

Building technology transfer within research universities an entrepreneurial approach  

CERN Document Server

For the past number of years, academic entrepreneurship has become one of the most widely studied topics in the entrepreneurship literature. Yet, despite all the research that has been conducted to date, there has not been a systematic attempt to analyze critically the factors which lie behind successful business spin-offs from university research. In this book, a group of academic thought-leaders in the field of technology transfer examine a number of areas critical to the promotion of start-ups on campus. Through a series of case studies, they examine current policies, structures, program initiatives and practices of fourteen international universities to develop a theory of successful academic entrepreneurship, with the aim of helping other universities to enhance the quality of their university transfer programs. This book is a valuable resource for researchers and graduate students working on innovation, entrepreneurship and technology transfer, as well as senior managers and policymakers.

O'Shea, Rory P

2014-01-01

383

Developing teaching skills for the internationalized university: A Danish project  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

As an increasing number of higher education institutions offer degree programs taught in English, university management as well as teachers on the ground realize that while the English proficiency of faculty and students is important, there is more to it than just that; students and faculty not only have different first languages, they also come from different cultures, with tacit knowledge and expectations about what is expected in the multilingual and multicultural classroom in which English is the one language shared by all, and in which linguistic, cultural and educational issues all play complex and interlocking roles. This has created a pressing need to explore, develop and share strategies for addressing the needs of English-medium lecturers faced with the challenges and opportunities presented by the multicultural classroom. This poster will present the outcomes of a major project that has attempted to address these needs by designing, piloting and revising a set of resources available online for lecturers teaching through the medium of English in multicultural university settings.

Lauridsen, Karen M.; Cozart, Stacey Marie

384

Materials Research at Universities--en France et/und in Deutschland.  

Science.gov (United States)

Research activities in materials science and in solid state physics at two German and two French universities have been reviewed. These universities are the University of Saarlandes, the University of Karlsruhe, the University Louis Pasteur (Strasbourg), ...

A. Sosin

1977-01-01

385

Send Your Students to Mars for Their next Research Project  

Science.gov (United States)

The NASA's Mars Student Imaging Project (MSIP) is led by the Arizona State University (ASU) Mars Education Program, a major partner of NASA's Mars Exploration Program. MSIP is based on the National Science Education Standards and includes curriculum on terrestrial planet characteristics, experimental design, and proposal writing. Three spacecraft…

Lindgren, Charles

2006-01-01

386

Energy research and development projects in the Nordic countries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The directory includes descriptions of 1625 ongoing research and development projects with the field of energy in the Nordic countries. All fields of energy are covered, and all aspects. Information is given on investigator(s), performing organization, financing and most often a short project description is given in English. In appendices descriptions are given of the organization of energy research and development in Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden. (BP)

387

Radiological safety research for nuclear excavation projects - Interoceanic canal studies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The general radiological problems encountered in nuclear cratering and nuclear excavation projects are discussed. Procedures for assessing radiological problems in such projects are outlined. Included in the discussions are source term, meteorology, fallout prediction and ecological factors. Continuing research requirements as well as pre- and post-excavation studies are important considerations. The procedures followed in the current interoceanic canal feasibility studies provide examples of radiological safety problems, current solutions and needed research. (author)

388

The role of an academic library in research: researchers’ perspectives at a South African University of Technology  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Academic libraries typically identify research support as a central pillar in their mission. But they need to examine how their mission statements relate to the perspectives of researchers themselves, especially in view of reported changes in researchers’ information seeking and sharing in the online environment. By means of a questionnaire survey of 102 full time academic staff at the Cape Peninsula University of Technology, the project examined how researchers use their institution’s library in their research and what their expectations are. For various historical reasons universities of technology lag behind in terms of their research output and in recent years CPUT has prioritised research. This is reflected in the virtual unanimity among the 102 respondents that research is essential to their job despite their heavy teaching loads. Overall, the study finds that most (over 65% continue to rely on the library for access to print and electronic resources. It finds a heavy emphasis on the traditional functions of an academic library, such as resource and information management. A few gaps emerge between the delivery of library services and researchers’ desires. For example, very few attend the library’s scheduled database training workshops; yet most see database training as one of the library’s key contributions to research. The most pressing desire is to be kept informed of new research in their fields; yet only a minority experience this level of service and less than half express confidence in the discipline knowledge of librarians.

Genevieve Hart

2011-01-01

389

PETRA CHRISTIAN UNIVERSITY STUDENT EXECUTIVE BOARD (BEM PROJECT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Petra Christian University Student Executive Board (BEM needs an administrative and project management system that can help managing the activities. This Board was having a problem of coordination on managing the activities they have. The tight schedule of each member of the executive staffs who comes from different departments has created this problem. To answer the above problem, an administrative and project management system is developed to help PCU BEM managing each of their activities. The scope of the system covers access privileges, job divisions and task assignments, proposal creation and budgeting arrangements of the implementation of each activity. The application is developed as a web-based system using Macromedia Dreamweaver MX 2004, PHP and JavaScript programming language and MySQL database system. The system testing concludes that the application is able to support the performances of the BEM executive staff members in managing their activities. The detailed job divisions let the implementation process of each activity be easily viewed by each executive staff member.

Yulia .

2012-01-01

390

Small Hydropower Research and Development Technology Project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The objective of this work was to investigate, develop, and validate the next generation of small hydroturbine generator designs that maximize the energy transfer from flowing water to electrical power generation. What resulted from this effort was the design of a new technology hydroturbine that Near Space Systems (NSS) has named the Star*Stream© Hydroturbine. Using a design that eliminates nearly all of the shortfalls of conventional hydroturbines, the Star*Stream© Hydroturbine employs a new mechanical-to-electrical energy transfer hydro design that operates without lubrication of any kind, and does not introduce foreign chemicals or particulate matter from oil or drive shaft seal degradation into the hydro ecology. In its unique configuration, the Star*Stream© Hydroturbine is nearly environmentally inert, without the negative aspects caused by interrupting the ecological continuity, i.e., disruptions to sedimentation, water quality, habitat changes, human displacement, fish migration, etc., - while it ensures dramatically reduced timeframes to project completion. While a remarkable reduction in LCOE resulting from application of the Star*Stream© Hydroturbine technology has been the core achievement of the this effort, there have been numerous technological breakthroughs from the development effort.

Blackmore, Mo [Near Space Systems, Inc.

2013-12-06

391

Project Report: Undergraduate Student Research Program (USRP)  

Science.gov (United States)

To better understand geochemical processes occurring on Europa's seafloor, we investigated the effects of varying Fe?content in the seafloor rock and varying temperature. Iron is important in such geochemical processes as the production of methane through serpentinization (e.g. Allen and Seyfried, 2003) and can be a nutrient for microbes (Russell and Hall, 2006; Park and Kim, 2001). It can also offer clues as to the state of differentiation of Europa's core/mantle. If Europa is fully differentiated and contains an iron core, we would expect there to be little iron in the mantle and ocean floor whereas a homogeneous Europa would have iron evenly dispersed throughout the ocean floor. Furthermore, the composition of the ocean is a result of water?rock interactions at the seafloor. This project investigated the effects of temperature on geochemical processes, comparing high temperature (> 250oC) hydrothermal vents (Kelley et al., 2001) to lower temperature (20oC) cold seeps (e.g. Orphan et al., 2002).

Gavin, Patricia

2011-01-01

392

Biorefinery and Carbon Cycling Research Project  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In this project we focused on several aspects of technology development that advances the formation of an integrated biorefinery. These focus areas include: [ 1] pretreatment of biomass to enhance quality of products from thermochemical conversion; [2] characterization of and development of coproduct uses; [3] advancement in fermentation of lignocellulosics and particularly C5 and C6 sugars simultaneously, and [ 4] development of algal biomass as a potential substrate for the biorefinery. These advancements are intended to provide a diverse set of product choices within the biorefinery, thus improving the cost effectiveness of the system. Technical effectiveness was demonstrated in the thermochemical product quality in the form of lower tar production, simultaneous of use of multiple sugars in fermentation, use ofbiochar in environmental (ammonia adsorption) and agricultural applications, and production of algal biomass in wastewaters. Economic feasibility of algal biomass production systems seems attractive, relative to the other options. However, further optimization in all paths, and testing/demonstration at larger scales are required to fully understand the economic viabilities. The coproducts provide a clear picture that multiple streams of value can be generated within an integrated biorefinery, and these include fuels and products.

Das, K. C., Adams; Thomas, T; Eiteman, Mark A; Kastner, James R; Mani, Sudhagar; Adolphson, Ryan

2012-06-08

393

Theoretical high energy physics research at the University of Chicago  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report contains brief discussions on theoretical High Energy Physics research done by the researchers at University of Chicago. Some topics covered are: lepton production; kaon decay; Higgs boson production; electric dipole moment of the neutron; string models; supersymmetry; and cosmic ray shower

394

Organizing for Interdisciplinary Research in a University Setting  

Science.gov (United States)

University administrators should study the various organizational approaches used for managing interdisciplinary research (IDR) in their institutions. More aggressive, innovative approaches to IDR management should be adopted. Available from: the Society of Research Administrators, 2855 East Coast Highway, Suite 225, Corona del Mar, CA 92625.…

Cravens, David W.; And Others

1976-01-01

395

No Academic Borders?: Transdisciplinarity in University Teaching and Research  

Science.gov (United States)

Transdisciplinarity has been a veritable mantra, especially in the humanities and social sciences, for twenty years or more. Yet academic structures and research application requirements still struggle to come to grips with cross-boundary research and teaching. Making universities more trans-discipline-friendly is a tricky task, however. As Wendy…

Russell, A. Wendy

2005-01-01

396

The Quest for "Economic Relevance" by US Research Universities  

Science.gov (United States)

Universities in the United States for at least the last century have made positive contributions to the economic weal, whether through their intrinsic mission of teaching and research or through special arrangements for service activities. In recent years there has been heightened awareness of the special role of academic research among…

Geiger, Roger L.

2006-01-01

397

Thermal-Hydraulics Research in the Valencia Polytechnic University  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The research on thermal-hydraulics at the Polytechnic University of Valencia is performed by the TIN group (thermal-hydraulic and Nuclear Engineering). The group activities are currently carried out at the Energy Engineering Institute. The main research topics are: transient analysis of reactors, nuclear reactor stability, passive and advanced safety reactors, two-phase flow in nuclear reactors. (Author)

398

Parallel, embedded or just part of the team: ethicists cooperating within a European security research project.  

Science.gov (United States)

Different methods have been developed to address ethical issues during research. Most of these methods were developed at universities. In this article ethical parallel research within a Research and Technology Organization is described. Within a European project about perceived security, CPSI, the ethical issues were identified by ethicists cooperating in the project. The project CPSI was aimed at developing a research method that can be used by (local) government to monitor or assess perceived and actual security. Together with the researchers a way was sought to address the ethical issues. Several issues could be addressed by choices with regard to the design of the validation study, in this case a survey. The ethical and legal reasons that were relevant for choices in the design of the validation study were made an integral part of these decisions. Some issues were already identified during the writing of the proposal others were only identified during the research. Participating in the research gave the ethicists access to all relevant information. It made it possible to address the ethical issues when they became relevant. Ethical reasons were part of some of the discussions on research method. It proved possible to address most ethical issues satisfactorily during the research project. PMID:19936967

van Gorp, A; van der Molen, S

2011-03-01

399

Research collaboration in Tehran University of Medical Sciences: two decades after integration  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background In 1985 medical schools were integrated into the Ministry of Health, and the Ministry of Health and Medical Education was created in Iran. Under this infrastructure education, research and service provision are unified, and it is expected that collaboration between researchers and decision makers become easier in such an integrated context. The question here is how the researchers behavior in the biggest medical university of the country towards collaboration is, i.e. how much do decision makers participate in different stages of research? Which factors affect it? Methodology The samples under study were all Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS completed research projects that had gotten grants in 2004 and were over by the time this study was done. Two questionnaires were designed for this study: i the research checklist which was filled for 301 projects, ii the researcher's questionnaire, which was sent to principle investigators, 208 of which were collected. Multiple linear regression analysis was used for evaluating the potential factors affecting individuals 'collaboration score'. Results Only 2.2 percent of TUMS' projects initiated in 2004 have had collaboration as a joint PI or co-investigator from non-academic organizations. The principle investigators mean collaboration score was 2.09, where 6 was the total score. So the collaboration score obtained was 35%. The 'type of research' had significant association with the collaboration score which is shown in the linear regression; collaboration was seen more in clinical (p = 0.007 and health system researches (p = 0.001 as compared to basic research. Conclusion The present study shows that not many individuals collaborated as co-investigators from outside the university. This finding shows that research policy makers need to introduce interventions in this field. And assessment of barriers to collaboration and its facilitating factors should be considered in order to make it actually happen.

Qorbani Mostafa

2009-04-01

400

Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) and the "Big Five" South African Research Universities  

Science.gov (United States)

This article critically examines the methodology of the Shanghai Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) by generating raw scores for the "big five" South African research universities (Stellenbosch, Cape Town, Kwazulu-Natal, Pretoria and the Witwatersrand, henceforth referred to as SU, UCT, UKZN, UP and WITS) using the ARWU indicators. The…

Boshoff, N.

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Focusing Information Systems Post-Graduate Research Projects  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports on an investigation of mechanisms that assist Information Systems post-graduate research students to focus their projects. An evaluation is presented of the experiences of Information Systems research students in focussing their research projects based on a survey conducted of students who participated in two of the first three Information Systems doctoral consortia to be held in Australia. The survey sought to determine whether a doctoral consortium or 'systematic expert review' is the most valuable mechanism for focussing a research proposal. Systematic expert review was considered by the students to be more effective than the doctoral consortium process for the purpose of focussing their research project proposals.

Gail Ridley

1996-11-01

402

Project-Based Activity: Root of Research and Creative Thinking  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Decreasing of interest in mathematics and science subjects among students in Malaysia has been discussed lately. Applications of mathematics and science in real world settings might be able to facilitate increased interests in the subjects, especially in doing research. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to manifest that learning mathematics through project-based activity would cultivate interest in students towards research and foster research-like skill. Experience of teaching mathematics in School of Mathematical Sciences, UKM with integration of biological and physics problems are discussed. The level of interest is measured through students’ interest in doing their research projects in the final semester of the undergraduate study. The percentage of students interested in doing applied problems showed an increased in number. Thus it is concluded that the project-based activity led the students to identify their interest and hence head their interest into research.

Rambely A. S.

2013-05-01

403

Laboratory technology research: Abstracts of FY 1998 projects  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The Laboratory Technology Research (LTR) program supports high-risk, multidisciplinary research partnerships to investigate challenging scientific problems whose solutions have promising commercial potential. These partnerships capitalize on two great strengths of the country: the world-class basic research capability of the DOE Office of Science (SC) national laboratories and the unparalleled entrepreneurial spirit of American industry. Projects supported by the LTR program in FY 1998 explore the applications of basic research advances relevant to DOE`s mission over a full range of scientific disciplines. The program presently emphasizes three critical areas of mission-related research: advanced materials, intelligent processing and manufacturing research, and environmental and biomedical research. Abstracts for 85 projects are contained in this report.

NONE

1998-11-01

404

7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.  

Science.gov (United States)

... Production research and marketing research and development projects...Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements...may provide for any form of marketing promotion including paid...a portion of a handler's direct expenditures for...

2010-01-01

405

7 CFR 932.45 - Production research and marketing research and development projects.  

Science.gov (United States)

...recommending marketing research and development projects... (1) The expected supply of olives in relation to market requirements; (2) The supply situation among competing...The need for marketing research with respect to any...

2010-01-01

406

Tritium research laboratory cleanup and transition project final report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This Tritium Research Laboratory Cleanup and Transition Project Final Report provides a high-level summary of this project`s multidimensional accomplishments. Throughout this report references are provided for in-depth information concerning the various topical areas. Project related records also offer solutions to many of the technical and or administrative challenges that such a cleanup effort requires. These documents and the experience obtained during this effort are valuable resources to the DOE, which has more than 1200 other process contaminated facilities awaiting cleanup and reapplication or demolition.

Johnson, A.J.

1997-02-01

407

Integrating ergonomic aspects into research and development projects as a preventive strategy in the food industries  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

As part of a national research and development programme for food technology it was formulated as a demand to applicants to describe the potential ergonomics impact of the research and development (R&D) projects. As the primary purpose of the research programme was to strengthen the Danish food industry s position on the international markets most of the R&D projects has been formed as joint ventures involving companies in the food industry and/or related industries, technological institutes and departments at two universities. The research question for the study presented in this paper was: What are the potentials and limitations for integrating ergonomics into joint R&D projects involving companies within the food industry and the university research? The objectives were (i) to identify the R&D peoples viewpoints on potentials and limitations for integrating ergonomics into R&D projects and (ii) to study the R&D processes in such networks in order to obtain a better understanding of the conditions for integrating ergonomics.

Hansen, Iben Posniak; Broberg, Ole

1997-01-01

408

The Health Information Literacy Research Project*  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: This research studied hospital administrators' and hospital-based health care providers' (collectively, the target group) perceived value of consumer health information resources and of librarians' roles in promoting health information literacy in their institutions. Methods: A web-based needs survey was developed and administered to hospital administrators and health care providers. Multiple health information literacy curricula were developed. One was pilot-tested by nine ho