WorldWideScience
     
Interactive Map Summary of All Results Query Expressions
General Search Session Preferences    - Multiple Search Terms
Advanced Search Side Bars    - Boolean Operators
Selecting, Downloading Citations,    - Topics    - Exact Phrases
& Emailing Results    - Wikipedia    - Parentheses
   - Downloading Citations    - EurekAlert!    - Wildcards
   - Printing    - Alerts Obtaining Full-Text
   - Emailing    - Creating an Alerts Account Documents
Search Results Sorting, Limiting,    - Creating an Alert    - Full Text Availability
Refining & Summary    - Creating Alerts from Search Results    - Unrestricted Full Text
   - Sorting      - Restricted Access to Full Text
   - Limiting      - Journal Articles
   - Refining      - Open Access Journals
   - Summary      - Full Text access via Interlibrary Loan
        - Bibliographic-only Sources
   
   


Interactive Map

The interactive map displays countries, depicted in dark purple, contributing to WorldWideScience.

  • Click on a country to view its name and participant(s) in the side menu.
  • Click on a link from the side menu to visit a participant's website (opens in a new window).

WorldWideScience Interactive Map - France

General Search

Basic search

To perform a search from the WorldWideScience home page, enter search terms in your language into the general search field. Select one of the ten languages that you want your search results translated into and click the search button. A list of results will display. These results are ranked by relevance, indicated by the stars ranking stars next to the document title.

progress of sources complete
  • WorldWideScience continues to search sources even after a list of results displays. Progress of this search is indicated by a load bar located at the top-left of the page.
  • The “Additional Results Available” window appears after all sources have been searched.
    • The additional results can be included by clicking the Include these results button. Clicking the Do not include these results button will return you to your initial search results. Placing a check in the box beside the Don’t show this again option will prevent this window from appearing after any additional searches.
    • To include additional results after the Do not include these results button has been clicked, click Add at the top of the page next to the loading bar.

When your search results are complete, select the Translate Resultsbutton at the upper right of your search results to automatically translate your search results in your previously selected language.

Advanced Search

Precise search results can be obtained by utilizing WorldWideScience’s advanced search features.

Click Advanced Search from the list of links at the top of the WorldWideScience website or from the link on the search page.

Advanced Search



Search results can be refined on the Advanced Search by entering a search term for the full record, the title, or author. Results can also be matched by field, or by specifying a date range or particular database.

  • The Full Record field searches the bibliographic record and full text of the document for a specified search term.
  • The Title field searches for document titles with the specified search term.
  • The Author field searches for a specified author of a document. Using the last name of a single author will yield the best results.
  • The Match field finds results with terms occurring in all fields for a specified search term, or any of the fields for a specified search term.
  • Selecting a Date Range will limit results to documents published between two specified years.
  • WorldWideScience searches all available databases by default. To limit results to a single or multiple databases, remove the check from the Select All option and place a check next to the desired database.

To translate search results into your preferred language from the Advanced Search form, enter search terms in your language into the advanced search fields, then select one of ten languages that you want your search results translated into, select databases and execute search.

When your search results are complete, select the Translate Resultsbutton at the upper right of your search results to automatically translate your search results in your previously selected language.

WWS seach results

Format Tabs - Papers, Multimedia, Data

Format Tabs

Format tabs at the top of the search results page allow results to be refined by format.

Selecting, Downloading Citations, Printing & Emailing Results

Once a search has been performed and a list of results returned, desired articles can be selected and saved for later use, emailed, and printed.

  • Click on the empty box next to a desired article to add it to the My Selections list found just above the search results.
    Note: The number next to the My Selections link will increase as more articles are added.
  • Click on My Selections to view the list of selected articles. Articles can be removed from this list by unchecking them.
  • Click the Back to Result List button to return to the search results.

Note: Selected articles are available until they are unchecked or until the browser is closed.

Downloading Citations

Citations of selected articles can be viewed and downloaded.  This format is compatible with most reference management software packages.

  • Click Citations at the top of the My Selections window to view the citation or to save it on your computer.
  • Click Ok to view or save.

Printing

  • A list of selected articles can be printed by clicking Print Results at the top of the My Selections window.
  • Click Ok to print.

Emailing


A list of selected articles can be emailed by clicking Email Results above the search results.

  • Enter an email address, name, and optional message in the spaces provided.
  • Click the Send these results button at the bottom of the window to email results.
  • An email from results@worldwidescience.org will be delivered to the specified email address.

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Search Results Sorting, Limiting, Refining & Summary

Search results can be sorted by rank, date, title, or author. Results can also be limited to a desired source.

Sorting

sort by Rank

  • Click on the arrow next to the Sort by option to display a drop-down menu.
  • Select the desired sorting option.
    • The Rank option sorts results by relevance (this is the default option).
    • The Date option sorts results by the most recent publication date.
    • The Title option sorts results alphabetically by title.
    • The Author option sorts results alphabetically by author.
  • Results will be sorted by the selected option. 


Limiting  

Limit to: All Sources

  • Click on the arrow next to the Limit to option to display a drop-down menu.
  • Scroll through the list of sources and select the desired option.
  • Results from the specified source only will be displayed.
Refine Search

Refining

Results can be refined to include an additional search term. WorldWideScience searches previously-returned results for the additional search term, and new results are displayed. Click on the Refine Search link and enter a new search term into the field as shown below.

Summary of All Results

WorldWideScience provides a summary of results that outlines the responsiveness of each separate source.

  • The check indicates the search for that source completed successfully.
  • A X indicates the source was unresponsive.
  • The number in the Results column indicates the number of results returned for WorldWideScience.
  • The number in the Totals column indicates how many additional results are available from that source.
  • Due to the number of sources that WorldWideScience searches, a maximum of 100 results per source is returned.  Additional results from a particular source can be obtained by searching the source directly.

Session Preferences

Session Preferences

WorldWideScience allows for user-control over certain search options.

  • Click Session Preferences from the list of links located above the search results.
  • The Session Preferences window appears.
  • The Results per page option allows users to decide how many results appear on each page, from 10 to 250. Click the arrow to display a drop-down menu and select the desired number of results to display.
  • Users can also choose whether or not the More Results Available window appears after every search by selecting one of the two options.
  • Click Save Preferences to apply new settings and return to the search results.

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Side Bars

WorldWideScience provides informative side bar options including Topics and a Visual for a set of search results.

Visual results

Topics

Topics allow results to be refined by topic, author, publication or date.

  • Topics are located to the left of the search results.
  • Topic categories can be opened and collapsed by clicking the gold arrows.
  • Click More to see additional topic selections.
  • Click All Results to view articles from all topic categories.

Visual

The Visual tab displays a circular graph of topics and the number of documents for those topics in the search results. Clicking on a topic in the graph will refine results by topic.

Wikipedia

For many search terms, a Wikipedia article displays to the right of the search results. This article provides a quick, simple definition of the search term. Click the title to view the entire Wikipedia article.

EurekAlert!

The EurekAlert! menu appears beneath the Wikipedia article to the right of the search results. EurekAlert! displays news sources related to the search term. Click on a news title to read the entire article. Read more about EurekaAlert!.

Alerts

Alerts make recurring searches easier by automating the search and sending you the results on a regular basis. To receive alerts on topic(s) of interest, create a free Alerts account, specify your alert parameters, and check your email.

Creating an Alerts Account

  • After a list of results is returned, click Alerts at the top of the page.
  • Click Register at the login page.  

WorldWideScience Alerts Login

  • Supply your user name, email address, email preference and format, and supply and confirm your password.
  • Click the Create Account button.
  • You will receive an email from results@worldwidescience.org requesting account confirmation. Click on the link provided to activate your account.
    Note: You cannot begin using alerts until your account has been activated. 

Creating an Alert

  • Click the Create button on the top left panel of the Alert home page.
  • Alert Name: Select a memorable name for your alert.
  • Description: Clarify your alert for your future reference.
  • Alert Email Format: You can choose either HTML or TEXT email format.
  • Alert Frequency: Choose how often to receive your Alert results.
  • Enter your search terms into any or all of the available fields.
  • Select All Sources or the individual sources you want to search.
  • Save Alert.

Creating Alerts from Search Results

  • Click the Create an alert from this search link on the search results page.
  • The information entered into the advanced search page will automatically populate the fields on the alert creation page.
  • Alert parameters can be edited.
  • If you have not created an Alerts account, WorldWideScience will remember your search information while you create and verify your new account.

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Query Expressions


In addition to simple search terms, WorldWideScience can conduct searches using multiple search terms, Boolean operators, exact phrases, parentheses, and wildcards.

Note: Searches are not case-sensitive. A search for SCIENCE, Science, or science will return the same results.  

Multiple Search Terms


Multiple terms can be searched, using the Boolean AND by default.

Example: A search for science technology will return results on both science and technology.
 

Boolean Operators

WorldWideScience recognizes the operators AND, OR, and NOT

  • Example: A search for science AND technology will return results on both science and technology.
  • Example: A search for science OR technology will return results on either science or technology.
  • Example: A search for science NOT technology will return results on science but not technology.

Exact Phrases

Phrases contained in double quotations (“ ”) will be searched as an exact phrase.

Example: A search for “nuclear energy” will return only those results where energy immediately follows the term nuclear.

Parentheses

Using parentheses allows control over the order in which Boolean expressions are evaluated.

Example:  A search for nuclear ((energy consumption) OR waste) will return results for either nuclear energy consumption or nuclear waste.

Example: A search for ((black holes) or (dark matter)) AND gravitation will search for either black and holes and gravitation or dark and matter and gravitation.

Wildcards

Wildcards (* and ?) allow a search term to act as a “root” for words with different forms.

Example: A search for part* will return results that include the terms part, particle, participate, etc.

Example: A search for part? will return results with only one additional character: parts, party, etc.

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Obtaining Full-Text Documents in WorldWideScience.org

Approximately 95 databases and portals from over 70 countries are currently searchable through the WorldWideScience.org global science gateway. Many of these sources offer access to full-text documents referenced in their bibliographic records. Detailed information regarding individual database and portal full text access options is available from the source websites. These sources are listed on the WorldWideScience.org Advanced Search page. Links to these sources can also be found in the WorldWideScience.org search results citations. Additional information regarding full text access is provided below. 

Full Text Availability

Sources having full text access for viewing, printing, or downloading should have "Full Text Available" displayed in their WorldWideScience.org search results citations. These full-text sources will additionally have their name listed under the "Full Text Available" section in the "Topics" tab in the left menu on the search results pages.

Some of these sources may additionally provide icons for linking to the full text in their citations. To view an electronic full-text document, click on the full-text icon in the WorldWideScience.org advanced search results record if an icon is displayed. (You must have Adobe Acrobat Reader plug-in installed to read PDF records.) To download an electronic document, right-click on the icon and choose "Save Link As" or "Save Target As". The download time depends on the size of the document and the technical capabilities of your equipment. If there is no full-text icon, go to the Source's bibliographic record by clicking on the title for further information.

Unrestricted Full Text

Much of the full text provided by WorldWideScience.org sources is freely available and in the open domain.

Restricted Access to Full Text

A few of the WorldWideScience.org sources require that users be registered, or have specific domains, to access their full-text collections. Users should refer to the source’s bibliographic records or websites for terms of access.

Journal Articles

Some of the WorldWideScience.org sources provide search results from Journal publishers. If the full text is a copyrighted journal article, it may be available for purchase from the publisher's website. Alternatively, many institutions, universities, and corporations maintain journal subscriptions for their library patrons. Detailed information regarding access should be available from the source website or via the publisher's website.

Open Access Journals

Open Access journals are defined as journals that use a funding model that does not charge readers or their institutions for access to full text documents. Users may obtain access to full-text articles from Open Access journals for free. Open Access journal articles made available by WorldWideSciene.org sources should be marked appropriately.

Full Text access via Interlibrary Loan

Some of the WorldWideScience.org sources provide access to their full-text documents through interlibrary loan programs where users can borrow books or receive photocopies or files that are owned by another library. These source websites will provide detailed information regarding the process.

Bibliographic-only Sources

Some of the WorldWideScience.org sources provide results from bibliographic-only databases.  Bibliographic records from these sources displayed in WorldWideScience.org search results will not offer full text access. It may be possible, however, to locate the full text item through another library or through a document delivery service.

On behalf of the WorldWideScience Alliance, the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) continues to work with Database Participants to increase access to their full-text information. We anticipate that this full-text collection will grow over time.

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