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  1. Tuberculosis in children undergoing hemodialysis

    Gargah Tahar

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Gargah Tahar1, Goucha-Louzir Rim2, Lakhoua Mohamed Rachid11Department of Pediatric Nephrology, 2Department of Nephrology, Charles Nicolle Hospital, Tunis, TunisiaAbstract: Tuberculosis (TB remains a public health problem in Tunisia. Its incidence is higher in immunocompromised hosts than in the general population. In children and during hemodialysis, TB is characterized by the frequency of extrapulmonary localizations and diagnostic difficulties. The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the incidence of TB in Tunisian children undergoing hemodialysis and to determine its clinical features as well as the results of chemotherapy.Method: This retrospective study includes seven TB children among 112 children on hemodialysis at the pediatric nephrology department in Charles Nicolle Hospital from 2002 to 2008. The diagnosis of TB was established by a combination of clinical, radiological, biochemical, microbiological, and histological examinations. Treatment with anti-TB drugs, the results of therapy, and the outcome of patients were noted.Results: There were four girls and three boys aged 10 to 16 years (mean, 13 years. They had been on hemodialysis for 2 to 5 years (mean, 3 years. Noted clinical features were weight loss and fever in five cases, chest pain in one case, cervical lymph node in one case, and spinal pain in one case. The organ systems involved were pleural in two cases, pulmonary in one case, peritoneal in one case, cervical lymphatic in one case, and spinal in one case. One patient was treated empirically with a good response. Diagnosis was made by isolation of mycobacterium TB in three cases, by specific histological signs observed in a lymph node biopsy in one case, in peritoneal biopsy in one case, and in discovertebral biopsy in one case. In the remaining patient, the clinical and radiological presentations were compatible with pulmonary TB. All patients received four anti-TB drugs: isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol. One patient died with miliary TB. The other patients had favorable outcomes.Conclusions: TB in hemodialysis children has a nonspecific clinical presentation. Extrapulmonary locations are most common. Diagnosis is often difficult, but successful outcomes are possible when made at an early stage.Keywords: child, hemodialysis, tuberculosis

  2. Dislipemia in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis: pharmacological therapy (simvastatin) versus hemodialysis.

    Marangoni, R; Civardi, F; Masi, F; Cimino, R; Maltagliati, L; Romei Longhena, G

    1993-01-01

    Peritoneal dialysis can worsen dislipemia, which is frequent in chronically uremic patients. In order to verify the therapeutic possibilities, we retrospectively studied 20 chronically uremic patients who had been previously treated with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and who had developed an IV-type dislipemia. Twelve have continued CAPD treatment and have been simultaneously treated with simvastatin; 8 have withdrawn from CAPD and have begun HD, without any antidislipemic pharmacological support. The results, after 3, 6, 12, and 18 months of treatment, showed the following: in patients treated with CAPD and simvastatin, highly significant decreases were noted in total cholesterol (T-cho) and triglycerides (TG) (p dislipemia only, can continue the treatment, because simvastatin is capable of correcting dislipemia, while those patients who have displemia as well as other complications strictly due to CAPD must abandon treatment and must be transferred to extracorporeal methods. PMID:8399632

  3. Rosuvastatin and cardiovascular events in patients undergoing hemodialysis

    Fellström, Bengt C; Jardine, Alan G; Schmieder, Roland E; Holdaas, Hallvard; Bannister, Kym; Beutler, Jaap; Chae, Dong-Wan; Chevaile, Alejandro; Cobbe, Stuart M; Grönhagen-Riska, Carola; De Lima, José J; Lins, Robert; Mayer, Gert; McMahon, Alan W; Parving, Hans-Henrik; Remuzzi, Giuseppe; Samuelsson, Ola; Sonkodi, Sandor; Sci, D; Süleymanlar, Gultekin; Tsakiris, Dimitrios; Tesar, Vladimir; Todorov, Vasil; Wiecek, Andrzej; Wüthrich, Rudolf P; Gottlow, Mattis; Johnsson, Eva; Zannad, Faiez

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Statins reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events in patients at high cardiovascular risk. However, a benefit of statins in such patients who are undergoing hemodialysis has not been proved. METHODS: We conducted an international, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, prospective...... trial involving 2776 patients, 50 to 80 years of age, who were undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. We randomly assigned patients to receive rosuvastatin, 10 mg daily, or placebo. The combined primary end point was death from cardiovascular causes, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke......: In patients undergoing hemodialysis, the initiation of treatment with rosuvastatin lowered the LDL cholesterol level but had no significant effect on the composite primary end point of death from cardiovascular causes, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or nonfatal stroke. (ClinicalTrials.gov number...

  4. Salivary function in patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in salivary gland function in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) undergoing hemodialysis. The group consisted of 23 patients with CRF (13 female, 10 male; mean age: 40±13 yr) and 14 healthy control subjects (mean age: 40±13 yr). All underwent dynamic salivary gland scintigraphy with gustatory stimulation. After intravenous administration of 99mTc pertechnetate, first, perfusion images at 2 seconds per frame were acquired for 1 minute, then dynamic images at 1 minute per frame were acquired for 45 minutes. At 30 minutes after injection , 10 ml lemon juice was given for 15 minutes as a gustatory stimulus. We obtained time-activity curves derived from regions of interest centered over the four major salivary glands. The following functional indices were calculated for each gland: the time of maximum radioactivity (Tmax) for the prestimulated period, the time of minimum radioactivity (Tmin), as an indicator of velocity of secretion after stimulation, and the Lem E5% value as an indicator of the secretion function. When the patients with CRF undergoing hemodialysis were compared to the controls, there were statistically significant differences in Tmax, Tmin and Lem E5% values for bilateral parotid glands, and Tmin values for bilateral submandibular glands (pmax and Lem E5% values for bilateral submandibular glands. There were also significant differences in Tmax and Lem E5% values for bilateral parotid glands between mild oral problems and severe oral problems in patients with CRF (undergoing hemodialysis). In this study, prolonged Tmax and Tmin values, and decreased Lem E5% values for parotid glands and prolonged Tmin values for submandibular glands on salivary scintigraphy pointed out decreased parenchymatous and excretory function in patients with CRF undergoing hemodialysis. (author)

  5. Ototoxicity Probably Due To Isoniazid in a Patient Undergoing Hemodialysis

    Deniz YERDELEN

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Patients with end-stage renal failure (ESRF have a high incidence of tuberculosis. Antituberculosis drug-induced ototoxicity may sometimes be a problem in these group of patients. Streptomycin is an antituberculosis drug with well-known ototoxic side effects. However, ototoxicity with combinations not including streptomycin has been reported only in a report in 7 of 42 ESRF patients undergoing hemodialysis and isoniazid has been suggested as a probable responsible drug which has well-known neurotoxic side effects. Here, we presented a 78- year-old man developed hearing loss who was on hemodialysis program and taking antituberculosis drug combination therapy including not streptomycin, but isoniazid, and the probable role of isoniazid in ototoxicity was discussed.

  6. Salivary function in patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis

    Kaya, M.; Cermik, T.F.; Uestuen, F.; Sen, S.; Berkarda, S. [Trakya Univ., Edirne (Turkey). Medical Faculty

    2002-04-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in salivary gland function in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) undergoing hemodialysis. The group consisted of 23 patients with CRF (13 female, 10 male; mean age: 40{+-}13 yr) and 14 healthy control subjects (mean age: 40{+-}13 yr). All underwent dynamic salivary gland scintigraphy with gustatory stimulation. After intravenous administration of {sup 99m}Tc pertechnetate, first, perfusion images at 2 seconds per frame were acquired for 1 minute, then dynamic images at 1 minute per frame were acquired for 45 minutes. At 30 minutes after injection , 10 ml lemon juice was given for 15 minutes as a gustatory stimulus. We obtained time-activity curves derived from regions of interest centered over the four major salivary glands. The following functional indices were calculated for each gland: the time of maximum radioactivity (T{sub max}) for the prestimulated period, the time of minimum radioactivity (T{sub min}), as an indicator of velocity of secretion after stimulation, and the Lem E{sub 5}% value as an indicator of the secretion function. When the patients with CRF undergoing hemodialysis were compared to the controls, there were statistically significant differences in T{sub max}, T{sub min} and Lem E{sub 5}% values for bilateral parotid glands, and T{sub min} values for bilateral submandibular glands (p<0.05), there were no statistically significant differences in T{sub max} and Lem E{sub 5}% values for bilateral submandibular glands. There were also significant differences in T{sub max} and Lem E{sub 5}% values for bilateral parotid glands between mild oral problems and severe oral problems in patients with CRF (undergoing hemodialysis). In this study, prolonged T{sub max} and T{sub min} values, and decreased Lem E{sub 5}% values for parotid glands and prolonged T{sub min} values for submandibular glands on salivary scintigraphy pointed out decreased parenchymatous and excretory function in patients with CRF undergoing hemodialysis. (author)

  7. Antiplatelet Therapy in Hemodialysis Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Interventions

    Summaria

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Context Coronary artery disease is highly prevalent among patients with end stage renal disease/hemodialysis (ESRD/HD and coronary percutaneous interventions (PCI has been increased by nearly 50% over the past decade. After PCI with stent placement, guidelines recommend dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT, but no specifically tailored pharmacotherapy approach is outlined for this frail population, mostly excluded from large randomized clinical trials (RCTs. Evidence Acquisition We reviewed current evidences on the use of antiplatelet therapy in patients with ESRD/HD undergoing PCI, focusing on the efficacy and safety of specific agents and their indications for detailed clinical settings. Results Clinical setting in HD patients is the principal determinant of the type, onset, combination and duration of the DAPT. However, irrespective clinical setting, in addition to aspirin, clopidogrel is currently the most used antiplatelet agent even if no information derived from RCTs are available in ESRD. Due to the large experience acquired in routine clinical practice, the awareness of safety is higher for clopidogrel than newer antiplatelet agents. Because of lack of data, the use of prasugrel and ticagrelor is actually not recommended. However, in case of high ischemic and acceptable bleeding risk, they may be selectively used in ESRD/HD. Conclusions This investigation might contribute to delineate the best treatment options for this high risk population.

  8. HEARING ASSESSMENT IN CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE PATIENTS UNDERGOING HEMODIALYSIS

    Arjun Singh

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The auditory sensitivity of 63 patient of chronic renal failure on hemodialysis was assessed in order to know the effect of dialysis on hearing threshold. All selected patient were non diabetic with normal tympanic membrane and with no history of ototoxic drug and any hereditary hearing problems. Pure tone audiometry was done before and after dialys is and all cases were followed for 3 month. A high incidence of high frequency sensorineural hearing loss was obtained which could not be attributed to age , noise exposure and ottotoxicity. An association between high frequency sensorineural hearing loss a nd hemodialysis is thus suggested KEYWORDS: Hemodialysis ; Pure tone audiometry ; High frequency sensorineural hearing loss ; Duration of disease ; Chronic renal failure

  9. Association of systemic collagen type IV formation with survival among patients undergoing hemodialysis

    Leeming, Diana Julie; Karsdal, Morten A; Rasmussen, Lars M; Scholze, Alexandra; Tepel, Martin

    2013-01-01

    The 7S domain of collagen type IV (P4NP_7S) assessed in plasma represents systemic collagen type IV formation. The objective of the study was to investigate the association of systemic collagen type IV formation with survival among patients undergoing hemodialysis.......The 7S domain of collagen type IV (P4NP_7S) assessed in plasma represents systemic collagen type IV formation. The objective of the study was to investigate the association of systemic collagen type IV formation with survival among patients undergoing hemodialysis....

  10. Restless legs syndrome in end stage renal disease patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis

    To study the frequency of restless legs syndrome in patients of end stage renal disease undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. Design: Cross sectional descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of medicine, CMH Multan from Nov 2010 to April 2011. Patients and Methods: One hundred and ninety four (n=194) patients of End stage renal disease who had been on maintenance hemodialysis for at least 3 months, were included in the study after full informed consent and using consecutive sampling. Patients having dementia, psychiatric illness, pregnancy, hypothyroidism, Parkinson's disease and alcoholics were excluded from the study. Patients who fulfilled all four diagnostic criteria for restless legs syndrome as proposed by International restless legs syndrome study group (IRLSSG), by direct questioning were diagnosed as having restless legs syndrome. Results: The frequency of restless legs syndrome was found to be 12.4% in patients undergoing hemodialysis (10.5% in males versus 16% in females). The mean duration of hemodialysis was higher among RLS positive patients (12.88 +- 5.543 months) as compared to RLS negative patients (6.94 +- 4.610 months). Conclusion: RLS is a frequent, under-diagnosed co-morbidity in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. (author)

  11. Design and Construct an Optical Device to Determine Relative Blood Volume in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

    Dormanesh, Banafshe; Tofangchiha, Shahnaz; Abouei, Vahid; Sharifian, Hani

    2014-01-01

    Background: Occurrence of hypotension during hemodialysis in nearly 20-30% of patients, shows is the necessity of continuous monitoring the patients' blood pressure during hemodialysis. Since directly and non-invasively continuous blood pressure monitoring, is not easy, finding a parameter related to blood pressure, for indirect monitoring is of great value. Related blood volume (RBV) is one of the parameters, related to blood pressure and have a good potential to reflect the patient’s hemody...

  12. Surgical treatment of infectious spondylitis in patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy

    Chen, Lih-Huei; Fu, Tsai-Sheng; Kao, Yu-Hsein; Tsai, Tsung-Ting; Lai, Po-Liang; Niu, Chi-Chieh; Chen, Wen-Jer

    2010-01-01

    Treatment of infectious spondylitis in hemodialysis patients remains a challenge because of comorbidities. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on the clinical manifestations and surgical outcomes of patients with spinal infection. Sixteen patients who underwent surgical intervention were included. There were 3 thoracic and 13 lumbar lesions. All patients presented with intractable back pain at the start of treatment. Six patients had a fever, nine had inf...

  13. Prevalence of hepatitis C in patients with renal disease undergoing hemodialysis treatment

    Marcos Frank Bastiani

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction and Objective: This study aimed at determining the prevalence of hepatitis C among 649 patients diagnosed with chronic or acute kidney disease − patients were undergoing hemodialysis treatment at a large hemodialysis center in Porto Alegre-RS, from January through December, 2012 –, as well as relating our data to that presented in the national census, reporting cases of coinfection by hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, and defining the demographic profile of these patients. Method: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted and data was obtained from information in patients’ electronic medical records. Result and conclusion: The prevalence of hepatitis C in this study was 10.17% of the sampled population. However, further analysis of other liver centers would be required to estimate an accurate prevalence rate of infection caused by the hepatitis C virus in patients undergoing hemodialysis in Porto Alegre.

  14. Clearance and synthesis rates of beta 2-microglobulin in patients undergoing hemodialysis and in normal subjects

    Retention of β 2-microglobulin in patients undergoing hemodialysis is associated with a β 2-microglobulin-derived amyloidosis. Removal of β 2-microglobulin by renal replacement therapy has been proposed for the prevention of this amyloidosis. Currently, however, data on the β 2-microglobulin synthesis rate in patients undergoing hemodialysis are scarce, and consequently it remains speculative how much removal would be necessary to counterbalance synthesis. The plasma kinetics of iodine 131-labeled β 2-microglobulin were therefore examined in 11 patients with anuria who were undergoing long-term hemodialysis. Five healthy persons served as controls. Kinetic modeling of the plasma curves showed that the data fitted a two-pool model (r2 greater than 0.96) consisting of a rapid 2 to 4 hour distribution phase followed by a less steep curve, described by the plasma (metabolic) clearance (Clp). Synthetic rates were calculated from Clp and the β 2-microglobulin steady state plasma concentration (plus β 2-microglobulin removal during hemodialysis in the case of high flux hemodialysis). The results showed a significantly higher Clp in normal controls as compared with patients undergoing hemodialysis (65.5 ± 12.8 ml/min (mean ± SD) versus 3.4 ± 0.7 ml/min). In contrast, the β 2-microglobulin synthesis rate in the patient group (3.10 ± 0.79 mg/kg/day) was not significantly different from that of normal controls (2.40 ± 0.67 mg/kg/day), which was due to markedly elevated β 2-microglobulin plasma concentrations in the patients (37.6 ± 14.1 mg/L vs 1.92 ± 0.27 mg/L). These findings suggest that the presence of end-stage renal disease does not have a significant impact on the beta 2-microglobulin generation rate

  15. The Investigation of Nail Disorders in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure Undergoing Hemodialysis

    Perihan ztrk

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Nail changes are often observed in patients with end-stage renal disease. These changes may occur due to chronic renal failure itself or to the treatment. This study aims to investigate the frequency of nail findings in patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy and to compare with healthy controls. Methods: One hundred and four patients with chronic renal failure treated with hemodialysis, and 104 healthy controls without any dermatological and sistemic diseases, were examined for nail signs. Groups were compared for the incidence of nail findings. Results: 74.4% of hemodialysis patients, and 51.9% of controls had at least one nail finding. The most common signs in hemodialysis patients were (58.7% absence of lunula, (40.5% streaking, (15.7% terry nail and (14.9% half and half nail. In the control group, the most common signs were vertical streaking (36.5%, absence of lunula (8.7% and coilonichi (2.9%. In hemodialysis patients, absence of lunula, beau lines, onycomycosis, terry nail, half and half nail and splinter hemorrhages were found to be significantly higher (p<0.05. Conclusion: The frequency of nail diseases in hemodialysis patients is higher than in the healthy control group. In our study, absence of lunula is the most frequently observed finding in hemodialysis patients. Although the second most common nail change was vertical streaking, it was not different from the control group statistically. We recommend that, when hemodialysis patients are examined, nail examination (as a part of physical examination should be performed. (Turk J Dermatol 2012; 6: 35-8

  16. The Investigation of Nail Disorders in Patients with Chronic Renal Failure Undergoing Hemodialysis

    Murat Kalender

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Nail changes are often observed in patients with end-stage renal disease. These changes may occur due to chronic renal failure itself or to the treatment. This study aims to investigate the frequency of nail findings in patients undergoing hemodialysis therapy and to compare with healthy controls.Methods: One hundred and four patients with chronic renal failure treated with hemodialysis, and 104 healthy controls without any dermatological and sistemic diseases, were examined for nail signs. Groups were compared for the incidence of nail findings. Results: 74.4% of hemodialysis patients, and 51.9% of controls had at least one nail finding. The most common signs in hemodialysis patients were (58.7% absence of lunula, (40.5% streaking, (15.7% terry nail and (14.9% half and half nail. In the control group, the most common signs were vertical streaking (36.5%, absence of lunula (8.7% and coilonichi (2.9%. In hemodialysis patients, absence of lunula, beau lines, onycomycosis, terry nail, half and half nail and splinter hemorrhages were found to be significantly higher (p<0.05.Conclusion: The frequency of nail diseases in hemodialysis patients is higher than in the healthy control group. In our study, absence of lunula is the most frequently observed finding in hemodialysis patients. Although the second most common nail change was vertical streaking, it was not different from the control group statistically. We recommend that, when hemodialysis patients are examined, nail examination (as a part of physical examination should be performed.

  17. Noninvasive continuous monitoring of digital pulse waves during hemodialysis

    Burkert, Antje; Scholze, Alexandra; Tepel, Martin

    2009-01-01

    Intermittent hemodynamic instability during hemodialysis treatment is a frequent complication in patients with end-stage renal failure. A noninvasive method for continuous hemodynamic monitoring is needed. We used noninvasive digital photoplethysmography and an algorithm for continuous, investiga......Intermittent hemodynamic instability during hemodialysis treatment is a frequent complication in patients with end-stage renal failure. A noninvasive method for continuous hemodynamic monitoring is needed. We used noninvasive digital photoplethysmography and an algorithm for continuous......, investigator-independent, automatic analysis of digital volume pulse in 10 healthy subjects and in 20 patients with end-stage renal failure during the hemodialysis session. The reflective index was defined representing the diastolic component of the digital pulse wave. The properties of the reflective index...... were studied in healthy control subjects (n=10). An increased reflective index was due to increased peripheral pulse wave reflection (e.g., vasoconstriction). During a hemodialysis session, the reflective index increased significantly from 36+/-3 arbitrary units to 41+/-3 arbitrary units (n=20; p...

  18. Base excision repair gene polymorphisms are associated with inflammation in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis.

    Cai, Zhenming; Guo, Wenwen; Chen, Huimei; Tao, Jing; Cao, Lili; Sun, Wei; Wang, Yaping

    2012-08-01

    Chronic inflammation may increase the risk of mortality for patients undergoing hemodialysis, while enhanced oxidative stress and DNA oxidative damage are involved in the inflammatory response. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between inflammation and polymorphisms in the base excision repair (BER) system, which protects against oxidative DNA damage, among hemodialysis patients. Data were analyzed from 167 hemodialysis patients and 66 healthy controls. All subjects were evaluated for the expression of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β and IL-6) and genotyped for two BER genes, including hOGG1 c.977C>G, MUTYH c.972G>C and AluYb8MUTYH. The results showed that the hemodialysis patients had significantly higher levels of IL-1β and IL-6 than the healthy controls. In the healthy controls, no patterns of association were observed between the hOGG1 c.977C>G or MUTYH c.972G>C genotypes and IL-1β or IL-6 levels; however, patients with the MUTYH c.972G/G genotype presented higher levels of IL-1β than those with the C/C genotype. The AluYb8MUTYH genotype was strongly associated with increased IL-1β levels among controls and increased IL-1β and IL-6 levels among hemodialysis patients. Additionally, the synergetic effect of these variations of the BER genes on the levels of IL-1β and IL-6 was investigated. The combinations of the AluYb8MUTYH genotype with the hOGG1 c.977 C>G or MUTYH c.972 G>C genotypes were associated with the IL-1β and IL-6 levels in hemodialysis patients. This is the first report showing an association between BER genetic polymorphisms and the inflammatory state during hemodialysis; this association might be mediated by impaired anti-oxidant defense mechanisms. PMID:22780951

  19. Management of Pain and Quality of Life in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Hemodialysis.

    Zyga, Sofia; Alikari, Victoria; Sachlas, Athanasios; Stathoulis, John; Aroni, Adamantia; Theofilou, Paraskevi; Panoutsopoulos, Georgios

    2015-10-01

    An important dimension that influences the quality of life of hemodialysis patients is the pain they experience. Quality of life and self-efficacy in pain can play an important role in chronic kidney disease and treatment outcomes. The purpose of the study was to examine self-efficacy in pain and quality of life among patients with end stage renal disease undergoing hemodialysis. Between April 2013 and June 2013, 224 hemodialysis patients completed the Missoula-VITAS Quality of Life Index-15 and the Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire. The study was conducted in four dialysis units in hospitals of the Peloponnese region. Sociodemographic data of patients and their individual medical history were recorded. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 19. The more effective the self-efficacy in pain, the lower the quality of life enjoyed by hemodialysis patients. The majority of respondents described the overall quality of life as "moderate," while the self-efficacy in pain depended on comorbidity or complications that accompany the process of hemodialysis. The findings of this study can be used in the development and improvement of health services for the management of patients. Healthcare professionals should understand the concerns and treat the symptoms of patients that affect quality of life, providing thereby holistic health care. PMID:26162558

  20. Management of dabigatran-induced bleeding with continuous venovenous hemodialysis.

    Paul, Suman; Hamouda, Danae; Prashar, Rohini; Mbaso, Chiamaka; Khan, Abdur; Ali, Abdulmonam; Shah, Sarthi; Assaly, Ragheb

    2015-06-01

    Dabigatran, a direct thrombin inhibitor, is increasingly used for stroke prevention in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation. Dabigatran has a stable pharmacokinetic profile with minimum drug interactions, and requires no routine laboratory evaluation to measure level of anticoagulation. This provides a huge advantage over warfarin, and has the potential to improve patient compliance. The disadvantages of dabigatran are the lack of a reversal agent to counter dabigatran-related bleeding and the absence of a widely available laboratory test that can quantify the extent of coagulopathy in dabigatran overdose. Hemodialysis can rapidly lower dabigatran levels and assist in controlling bleeding secondary to dabigatran overdose. However, in cases in which hemodynamic instability precludes the use of hemodialysis, alternative methods have to be utilized to control dabigatran-associated bleeding. Here we document a case of massive gastrointestinal bleeding secondary to dabigatran use that was successfully managed by continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD), along with supportive care with blood product transfusions. CVVHD reduces thrombin time and activated partial thrombin time, and causes a parallel decrease in amount of active bleeding. Finally, we show that compared to the rapid lowering of elevated thrombin time observed in hemodialysis, CVVHD requires several days to reduce thrombin time to normal range. PMID:25633777

  1. The adaptation problems of patients undergoing hemodialysis: socio-economic and clinical aspects

    Cecília Maria Farias de Queiroz Frazão

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: to identify adaptation problems under Roy's Model in patients undergoing hemodialysis and to correlate them with the socioeconomic and clinical aspects.METHOD: a transversal study, undertaken using a questionnaire. The sample was made up of 178 individuals. The Chi-squared and Mann-Whitney U tests were undertaken.RESULTS: the adaptation problems and the socioeconomic and clinical aspects which presented statistical associations were: Hyperkalemia and age; Edema and income; Impairment of a primary sense: touch and income; Role failure and age; Sexual dysfunction and marital status and sex; Impairment of a primary sense: vision and years of education; Intolerance to activity and years of education; Chronic pain and sex and years of education; Impaired skin integrity and age: Hypocalcemia and access; Potential for injury and age and years of education; Nutrition below the organism's requirements and age; Impairment of a primary sense: hearing and sex and kinetic evaluation of urea; Mobility in gait and/or coordination restricted, and months of hemodialysis; and, Loss of ability for self-care, and months of hemodialysis and months of illness.CONCLUSION: adaptation problems in the clientele undergoing hemodialysis can be influenced by socioeconomic/clinical data. These findings contribute to the development of the profession, fostering the nurse's reflection regarding the care.

  2. Hope and spirituality among patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis: a correlational study

    Ana Carolina Ottaviani; Érica Nestor Souza; Natália de Camargo Drago; Marisa Silvana Zazzetta de Mendiondo; Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini; Fabiana de Souza Orlandi

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: to analyze the relationship between the hope and spirituality of patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis.METHOD: this is a cross-sectional, correlational study. The sample was composed of 127 patients of a Renal Replacement Unit. Data were collected through individual interviews guided by the following instruments: participant characterization, Herth Hope Index (HHI), and Pinto Pais-Ribeiro Spirituality Scale (PP-RSS).RESULTS: the average HHI score was 38.06 (±...

  3. A STUDY ON BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF MALNUTRITION IN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE PATIENTS UNDERGOING HEMODIALYSIS

    Boppishetti Raja; Sangeeta ,; Sunanda De; Hari Priya; Prakash

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: CKD is one of the leading cause morbidity and mortality worldwide Incidence of chronic kidney disease is raising which is likely to pose major problems for both health care and the economy of future years in India. Dialysis is a form of renal replacement therapy for severe kidney failure. Malnutrition is one of the common complications in patients with end stage ren al disease undergoing hemodialysis. AIM: The present study is aimed to ...

  4. Perceived frailty and measured frailty among adults undergoing hemodialysis: a cross-sectional analysis

    Salter, Megan L; Gupta, Natasha; Massie, Allan B.; McAdams-DeMarco, Mara A.; Law, Andrew H; Jacob, Reside Lorie; Gimenez, Luis F; Jaar, Bernard G.; Walston, Jeremy D.; Segev, Dorry L.

    2015-01-01

    Background Frailty, a validated measure of physiologic reserve, predicts adverse health outcomes among adults with end-stage renal disease. Frailty typically is not measured clinically; instead, a surrogate—perceived frailty—is used to inform clinical decision-making. Because correlations between perceived and measured frailty remain unknown, the aim of this study was to assess their relationship. Methods 146 adults undergoing hemodialysis were recruited from a single dialysis center in Balti...

  5. A STUDY ON BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS OF MALNUTRITION IN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE PATIENTS UNDERGOING HEMODIALYSIS

    Boppishetti Raja

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: CKD is one of the leading cause morbidity and mortality worldwide Incidence of chronic kidney disease is raising which is likely to pose major problems for both health care and the economy of future years in India. Dialysis is a form of renal replacement therapy for severe kidney failure. Malnutrition is one of the common complications in patients with end stage ren al disease undergoing hemodialysis. AIM: The present study is aimed to evaluate role of albumin and other biochemical parameters predicting malnutrition in CKD patients undergoing hemodialysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A group of 15 normal healthy subjects (c ontrol group and 30 CKD patients on hemodialysis (test group were enrolled in this study. Albumin, urea, creatinine, total cholesterol and CRP were estimated in serum sample collected from normal and CKD - HD subjects. RESULTS: Results were expressed as me an SD, student t test applied and p value was calculated p value <0.005 was considered as statistically significant. We found decreased levels of serum albumin (p<0.001, increased levels of CRP (p<0.001, increased levels of urea (p<0.001, increase d levels of creatinine was observed in CKD - HD patients compared to controls with the p value <0.001. Total cholesterol was decreased in CKD - HD patients but not significant when compared to controls. CONCLUSION: our study found decreased serum albumin can be used as a indictor for malnutrition in CKD - HD patients on hemodialysis. CRP levels indicate a chronic inflammation in CKD patients on hemodialysis.

  6. Electrocardiographic Abnormalities and QTc Interval in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

    Nie, Yuxin; Zou, Jianzhou; Liang, Yixiu; Shen, Bo; Liu, Zhonghua; Cao, Xuesen; Chen, Xiaohong; Ding, Xiaoqiang

    2016-01-01

    Background Sudden cardiac death is one of the primary causes of mortality in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. Prolonged QTc interval is associated with increased rate of sudden cardiac death. The aim of this article is to assess the abnormalities found in electrocardiograms (ECGs), and to explore factors that can influence the QTc interval. Methods A total of 141 conventional HD patients were enrolled in this study. ECG tests were conducted on each patient before a single dialysis session and 15 minutes before the end of dialysis session (at peak stress). Echocardiography tests were conducted before dialysis session began. Blood samples were drawn by phlebotomy immediately before and after the dialysis session. Results Before dialysis, 93.62% of the patients were in sinus rhythm, and approximately 65% of the patients showed a prolonged QTc interval (i.e., a QTc interval above 440 ms in males and above 460ms in females). A comparison of ECG parameters before dialysis and at peak stress showed increases in heart rate (77.45±11.92 vs. 80.38±14.65 bpm, p = 0.001) and QTc interval (460.05±24.53 ms vs. 470.93±24.92 ms, p<0.001). After dividing patients into two groups according to the QTc interval, lower pre-dialysis serum concentrations of potassium (K+), calcium (Ca2+), phosphorus, calcium* phosphorus (Ca*P), and higher concentrations of plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) were found in the group with prolonged QTc intervals. Patients in this group also had a larger left atrial diameter (LAD) and a thicker interventricular septum, and they tended to be older than patients in the other group. Then patients were divided into two groups according to ΔQTc (ΔQTc = QTc peak-stress- QTc pre-HD). When analyzing the patients whose QTc intervals were longer at peak stress than before HD, we found that they had higher concentrations of Ca2+ and P5+ and lower concentrations of K+, ferritin, UA, and BNP. They were also more likely to be female. In addition, more cardiac construction abnormalities were found in this group. In multiple regression analyses, serum Ca2+ concentration before HD and LAD were independent variables of QTc interval prolongation. UA, ferritin, and interventricular septum were independent variables of ΔQTc. Conclusion Prolonged QT interval is very common in HD patients and is associated with several risk factors. An appropriate concentration of dialysate electrolytes should be chosen depending on patients’ clinical conditions. PMID:27171393

  7. Prevalence and dynamics of cytomegalovirus infection among patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis

    Vilibic-Cavlek, T.; Kolaric, B.; Ljubin-Sternak, S.; Kos, M.; Kaic, B.; Mlinaric-Galinovic, G.

    2015-01-01

    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an important pathogen in immunocompromised individuals. The aim of this study was to analyze prevalence and dynamics of CMV infection among patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis. From 2010 to 2012, a total of 162 patients and 160 control subjects were tested for the presence of CMV IgM and IgG antibodies using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. IgM/IgG reactive samples were further evaluated for IgG avidity to confirm or rule out recent primary CMV infection. The overall IgG seropositivity was higher in hemodialysis patients compared to controls (90.7% vs. 81.9%; crude odds ratio [OR] =2.02, 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.053.89; OR adjusted for age and gender = 2.18, 95% CI = 1.054.55). CMV IgG antibody titers were similar in both groups. There was no difference in CMV prevalence between males (87.9%) and females (96.3%). According to age, a progressive increase in seropositivity was observed in both hemodialysis patients and the control group. Three hemodialysis patients (1.9%) developed recurrent CMV infection (positive IgM with high avidity IgG antibodies). In one patient (2.9%), seroconversion was documented during the second year of the follow-up period indicating primary infection. In contrast, in the control group, recent primary CMV infection (positive IgM with low/borderline IgG avidity) was demonstrated in three subjects (1.9%), whereas one (0.6%) developed recurrent infection. On multivariate logistic regression, hemodialysis and older age were significant predictors for CMV seropositivity. PMID:25838647

  8. Unfermented grape juice reduce genomic damage on patients undergoing hemodialysis.

    Corredor, Zuray; Rodríguez-Ribera, Lara; Coll, Elisabeth; Montañés, Rosario; Diaz, Juan Manuel; Ballarin, José; Marcos, Ricard; Pastor, Susana

    2016-06-01

    Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients in dialysis (HD) are considered to be submitted to a continuous oxidative stress. This stress can cause damage on DNA and, consequently, contribute to the high levels of DNA damage observed in these patients. Due to the well-known role of polyphenols as antioxidant agents we proposed its use to reduce the levels of genotoxicity present in HD-CKD patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate the antigenotoxic effects of unfermented grape juice (UGJ) on HD-CKD patients. The levels of DNA damage were analyzed using different biomarkers, such as breaks and oxidized DNA bases by the comet assay, chromosome damage by the micronucleus test. In addition, TEAC (Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity) was also evaluated. Thirty-nine patients were followed for six months, of whom 25 were supplemented by UGJ and 14 were not supplemented. The obtained results showed a significant decrease in the underlying levels of oxidative DNA damage, in the supplemented group. Regarding the clinical parameters, LDL and cholesterol, were significantly reduced in the patients studied after the supplementation period, although cholesterol was also decreased in the non-supplemented patients. In conclusion, in our studied group the supplementation with UGJ reduced the levels of oxidative DNA damage of HD-CKD patients. PMID:27016493

  9. [The evaluation of the level of hope of elderly chronic kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis].

    Orlandi, Fabiana de Souza; Pepino, Barbara Garbelotti; Pavarini, Sofia Cristina Iost; Dos Santos, Damiana Aparecida; de Mendiondo, Marisa Silvana Zazzetta

    2012-08-01

    The objective of the present study was to evaluate the level of hope of elderly chronic kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis, using the Herth Hope Scale (HHS). This cross-sectional descriptive study was performed at a Renal Replacement Therapy Unit located in upstate São Paulo. The sample consisted of 50 elderly patients currently undergoing hemodialysis treatment. After obtaining the participants' consent to participate, individual interviews were performed with the elderly individuals, utilizing a characterization instrument and the Herth Hope Scale. All of the ethical premises were complied with (protocol 512/2009). Regarding the results, most participants were male (60%) and their mean age was 70.20 (±6.1) years. The mean score on the Herth Hope Scale was 36.20 (±2.90). In conclusion, compared with the Brazilian study regarding the validation of the Herth Hope Scale, the subjects' level of hope was lower, thus indicating a need to intervene regarding this feeling. PMID:23018400

  10. Effectiveness of Self-Care Education on the Enhancement of the Self-Esteem of Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

    Poorgholami, Farzad; Javadpour, Shohreh; Saadatmand, Vahid; Jahromi, Marzieh Kargar

    2016-01-01

    Introduction and Aim: The assessment of self-esteem in hemodialysis people is becoming increasingly important and necessary. Low self-esteem as a problem in patients undergoing hemodialysis decreases adherence to treatment. The researcher intends to carry out a study in order to investigate the effect of self-care education on enhancement of the self-esteem of patients undergoing hemodialysis in Iran. Method and material: This is a quasi-experimental study. The subjects of the study who were selected based on purposive sampling method consisted of 50 patients with advanced chronic renal disease treated with hemodialysis. Before the intervention, two questionnaires were completed by patients. There was no intervention in the control group and the patients received only routine care in the hospital. In the experimental group, the hemodialysis patients received 5 consecutive one-hour training sessions by the researcher. Then the Rosenberg scale was filled out by the patients 2 month later. Result: According to the results, Paired t-test showed a significant difference between the mean self-esteem score in both groups before and after intervention. Conclusion: Increasing the knowledge and awareness of hemodialysis patients must constitute a cornerstone of therapy and an integral part of nursing responsibilities. Nurses should educate the patients about self-care behaviors and remind them of the dangerous complications of abandoning these. PMID:26383201

  11. Low plasma level of cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide (hCAP18) predicts increased infectious disease mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis

    Gombart, Adrian F; Bhan, Ishir; Borregaard, Niels; Tamez, Hector; Camargo, Carlos A; Koeffler, H Phillip; Thadhani, Ravi

    2009-01-01

    end-stage renal disease, we hypothesized that low hCAP18 levels would identify those who are at increased risk of death attributable to infection while undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: We performed a case-control study nested in a prospective cohort of patients (n = 10,044) initiating incident...... hemodialysis. Case patients (n = 81) were those who died of an infectious disease within 1 year; control patients (n = 198) were those who survived at least 1 year while undergoing dialysis. RESULTS: Mean (+/-SD) baseline levels of hCAP18 in case patients and control patients were 539 +/- 278 ng/mL and 650...... interval, 1.2-3.5) of death attributable to infection; after multivariable adjustment, this relationship remained statistically significant (odds ratio, 3.7; 95% confidence interval, 1.2-11.2). CONCLUSIONS: In individuals initiating chronic hemodialysis, low baseline levels of hCAP18, a vitamin D...

  12. Evaluation of Conner′s Continuous Performance Test in Hemodialysis Patients

    Najafi Mostafa

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Memory and cognitive abnormalities such as decreased attention span, impulsiveness, and slow reaction are common among chronic hemodialysis patients. We studied the changes these parameters in 38 hemodialysis patients before and after hemodialysis sessions via Conner′s continuous performance test. Mean age of the study patients was 38.0 ± 12.6 years. There was no significant difference before and after hemodialysis in the number of the successfully recognized matches, the number of the miss fires, and the mean of reaction time of matches. In addition, there was no significant effect of the duration of hemodialysis therapy on the number of successfully recognized matches, the number of missed matches, and the mean reaction time of matches. Educational level of patients did not significantly impact on the number of successfully recognized matches and the mean of reaction time of matches. However, this impact was significant on the number of miss fires during hemodialysis. (P = 0.04. We conclude from our results that hemodialysis did not significantly impact on the cognitive function. However, this hypothesis must be confirmed by other cognitive function tests on larger hemodialysis population.

  13. Evaluation of Knowledge About and Attitudes Towards Kidney Transplantation in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis Treatment

    Nurten KALENDER

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate hemodialysis (HD patients’ knowledge about and attitudes towards Kidney Transplantation (KT. MATERIAL and METHODS: A total of 104 HD patients from two HD centers in a large city in central Turkey were included in this descriptive study. The questionnaire that was developed by researchers included questions on sociodemographic data and dialysis vintage, level of satisfaction resulting from HD treatment, willingness to undergo KT, knowledge about KT and choice of donor, etc. RESULTS: The mean age of the 104 patients was 60.03±17.01 years and the mean of dialysis vintage was 4.53±3.04 years. Of these patients, 62.5% declared their willingness to undergo KT, and among these, 76.9% declared that they had knowledge about KT. In regard to choice of donor, 79.7% stated that it was not important, while 56.7% were not informed about the existence of a waiting list for cadaveric donors. CONCLUSION: In order to increase in our country the number of cadaveric donors, which represent the most appropriate source of organ donation, several strategies should be considered, such as awareness-raising activities for patients and the community through campaigns by both the public and private sectors, and mass media.

  14. Changes of the cerebral metabolite patterns in patients undergoing hemodialysis due to chronic renal failure: evaluation with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy

    Baik, Hye Won; Yu, Hyeon; Yu, Soo Jeong; Kim, Gi Hyeon [Chung-Ang University Medical Center, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-08-15

    We wanted to evaluate the cerebral metabolites in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) and who were undergoing hemodialysis by performing proton MR spectroscopy and were wanted to evaluate the correlation between the changes in the cerebral metabolite ratios and the duration after starting the initial hemodialysis. Proton MR spectroscopy was performed in 15 patients with CRF and who were undergoing hemodialysis and in ten healthy volunteers. The changes in N-acetylaspartate (NAA), choline-containing compounds (Cho), myo-inositol (Myo), glutamine/glutamate complex (Glx), and creatine (Cr) were analyzed. MR spectroscopy was performed before and after hemodialysis. For the patients with CRF before hemodialysis, the Cho/Cr ratio in the gray matter ({rho} < 0.001) and the Myo/Cr ratio in both the gray and white matter ({rho} < 0.01) were significantly elevated compared with those in the control subjects. For the patients with CRF after hemodialysis, their Cho/Cr ratios were significantly reduced in both the gray and white matter compared with that before hemodialysis ({rho} < 0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between the Cho/Cr ratio and serum Cr in the gray matter of CRF patients after hemodialysis (r = 0.54, {rho} < 0.05). The cerebral metabolite ratios were not significantly correlated with the duration after starting the initial hemodialysis. The cerebral metabolite patterns are significantly different between the patients with CRF and who are undergoing hemodialysis and the normal controls. The cerebral metabolite ratios are not significantly correlated with the duration after starting the initial hemodialysis.

  15. Changes of the cerebral metabolite patterns in patients undergoing hemodialysis due to chronic renal failure: evaluation with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy

    We wanted to evaluate the cerebral metabolites in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) and who were undergoing hemodialysis by performing proton MR spectroscopy and were wanted to evaluate the correlation between the changes in the cerebral metabolite ratios and the duration after starting the initial hemodialysis. Proton MR spectroscopy was performed in 15 patients with CRF and who were undergoing hemodialysis and in ten healthy volunteers. The changes in N-acetylaspartate (NAA), choline-containing compounds (Cho), myo-inositol (Myo), glutamine/glutamate complex (Glx), and creatine (Cr) were analyzed. MR spectroscopy was performed before and after hemodialysis. For the patients with CRF before hemodialysis, the Cho/Cr ratio in the gray matter (ρ < 0.001) and the Myo/Cr ratio in both the gray and white matter (ρ < 0.01) were significantly elevated compared with those in the control subjects. For the patients with CRF after hemodialysis, their Cho/Cr ratios were significantly reduced in both the gray and white matter compared with that before hemodialysis (ρ < 0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between the Cho/Cr ratio and serum Cr in the gray matter of CRF patients after hemodialysis (r = 0.54, ρ < 0.05). The cerebral metabolite ratios were not significantly correlated with the duration after starting the initial hemodialysis. The cerebral metabolite patterns are significantly different between the patients with CRF and who are undergoing hemodialysis and the normal controls. The cerebral metabolite ratios are not significantly correlated with the duration after starting the initial hemodialysis

  16. Hope and spirituality among patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis: a correlational study1

    Ottaviani, Ana Carolina; Souza, rica Nestor; Drago, Natlia de Camargo; de Mendiondo, Marisa Silvana Zazzetta; Pavarini, Sofia Cristina Iost; Orlandi, Fabiana de Souza

    2014-01-01

    Objective to analyze the relationship between the hope and spirituality of patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis. Method this is a cross-sectional, correlational study. The sample was composed of 127 patients of a Renal Replacement Unit. Data were collected through individual interviews guided by the following instruments: participant characterization, Herth Hope Index (HHI), and Pinto Pais-Ribeiro Spirituality Scale (PP-RSS). Results the average HHI score was 38.06 (4.32) while the average PP-RSS score was 3.67 (0.62) for "beliefs" and 3.21 (0.53) for "hope/optimism". Spearman's coefficient indicated there was a moderate positive correlation between the HHI and PP-RSS dimensions of "beliefs" (r=0.430; p<0.001) and "hope/optimism" (r=0.376; p<0.001). Conclusion Since a relationship between the sense of hope and spirituality of patients with chronic kidney disease was found, these constructs should be taken into account at the time health professionals deliver care to help patients coping with the disease and treatment. PMID:26107832

  17. Hope and spirituality among patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis: a correlational study

    Ana Carolina Ottaviani

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to analyze the relationship between the hope and spirituality of patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis.METHOD: this is a cross-sectional, correlational study. The sample was composed of 127 patients of a Renal Replacement Unit. Data were collected through individual interviews guided by the following instruments: participant characterization, Herth Hope Index (HHI, and Pinto Pais-Ribeiro Spirituality Scale (PP-RSS.RESULTS: the average HHI score was 38.06 (±4.32 while the average PP-RSS score was 3.67 (±0.62 for "beliefs" and 3.21 (±0.53 for "hope/optimism". Spearman's coefficient indicated there was a moderate positive correlation between the HHI and PP-RSS dimensions of "beliefs" (r=0.430; p<0.001 and "hope/optimism" (r=0.376; p<0.001.CONCLUSION: Since a relationship between the sense of hope and spirituality of patients with chronic kidney disease was found, these constructs should be taken into account at the time health professionals deliver care to help patients coping with the disease and treatment.

  18. Salivary levels of interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-? in patients undergoing hemodialysis

    Khozeymeh, Faezeh; Mortazavi, Mojgan; Khalighinejad, Navid; Akhavankhaleghi, Mehrdad; Alikhani, Milad

    2016-01-01

    Background: Inflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?) are elevated in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). IL-6 and TNF-? are toxins which deteriorate renal function, and their pathogenic role has been confirmed in cardiovascular and oral diseases. This study was designed to investigate the salivary levels of IL-6 and TNF-? in patients with ESRD undergoing hemodialysis (HD). Materials and Methods: Twenty patients with ESRD who were treated with 4 h HD sessions, with low flux membrane were included in this cross-sectional study. Average Kt/V index in patients was 1.19 0.1. Twenty age-sex-matched healthy controls with no infectious diseases during 1 month before saliva sampling were selected. Unstimulated whole saliva was collected and TNF-? and IL-6, concentrations were measured using human IL-6 and TNF-? ELISA kits. Independent t-test was used to analyze the data using SPSS (? = 0.05). Results: There was a significant difference between dialysis and control groups regarding the salivary levels of TNF-? (P = 0.034) and IL-6 (P = 0.001). Conclusion: Considering the results of this study and reported role of inflammatory cytokines in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular and oral diseases, measurement of salivary IL-6 and TNF-? in HD patients may help in risk stratification of HD patients and in planning pertinent preventive strategies.

  19. Quality of life among women with sexual dysfunction undergoing hemodialysis: a cross-sectional observational study

    Santos Paulo

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sexual function among women undergoing hemodialysis (HD is under-studied and there is no consensus about the effect of sexual dysfunction (SD on their quality of life (QoL. We aimed to determine the prevalence of SD and to compare QoL between women undergoing maintenance HD with and without SD. Methods We included female end-stage renal disease (ESRD patients undergoing HD during June 2011 in the only renal unit in the north of Ceará state, northeastern Brazil. The criteria for inclusion were age between 18 and 55, at least three months on dialysis and being sexually active. Women using antidepressant medication were excluded. We used the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI, which evaluates six domains of sexual function, including desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction and pain. The patients were classified as presenting SD if the total FSFI score was less than 26. For QoL evaluation, we used the validated Brazilian version of SF-36. This is a widely used 36-item questionnaire covering eight dimensions of QoL. Demographic data, time on dialysis, underlying etiology of ESRD, and laboratory measures were assessed in unit records. Results Of a total of 58 women, 46 (79.3% presented SD. There were lower scores related to physical functioning (48.2 vs. 71.2; p = 0.007, bodily pain (45 vs. 67.5; p = 0.010, vitality (52.1 vs. 69.1; p = 0.026 and social functioning (57.2 vs. 76.1; p = 0.034 among women with SD compared to women without SD. Physical functioning and role-physical presented positive linear correlation with FSFI scores, respectively, r = 0.322 (p = 0.013 and r = 0.345 (p = 0.007. Conclusion The prevalence of SD among women on HD is very high, reaching nearly 80%. Women on HD with SD had worse QoL, especially physical aspects of QoL, when compared to women without SD. Therefore, approaches aiming to improve QoL among women undergoing HD should be considered.

  20. Sarcopenia in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis: incidence rate, risk factors and its effect on survival risk.

    Ren, Hongqi; Gong, Dehua; Jia, Fengyu; Xu, Bin; Liu, Zhihong

    2016-04-01

    Background Sarcopenia is a degenerative syndrome mainly characterized by the atrophy of skeletal muscle, along with the decrease of muscle strength and function. However, there are currently few studies concerning sarcopenia in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis dialysis (MHD). This study was aimed to investigate the incidence of sarcopenia in MHD patients and its influencing factors, as well as its impact on survival risk. Method All 131 MHD patients enrolled in our study were tested with bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and grip strength. Demographic data was collected and anthropometric measurement and laboratory examination were conducted. Results The total incidence of sarcopenia within the 131 MHD patients was 13.7% and the incidence of sarcopenia in patients over 60 years was 33.3%. The dialysis duration, with or without diabetes, serum phosphorus and pre-albumin levels of sarcopenic patients were significantly different from those of non-sarcopenicones; the modified quantitative subjective global assessment (MQSGA) scores of sarcopenic patients were higher than those without sarcopenia. Multivariate analysis showed that dialysis duration, diabetes and serum phosphorus level were independent risk factors for sarcopenia in MHD patients. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed a one-year survival of 88.9% in sarcopenic patients, which was significantly lower than non-sarcopenic patients. Conclusion The incidence of sarcopenia in MHD patients was high and increased gradually with age. Dialysis duration, diabetes, serum phosphorus level and malnutrition predisposed the patients to sarcopenia. One-year follow-up found that the mortality risk of sarcopenic patients was higher than that of non-sarcopenic patients. PMID:26738817

  1. Role of alpha-lipoic acid in the management of anemia in patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis

    El-Nakib GA

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Gehad A El-Nakib,1 Tarek M Mostafa,2 Tarek M Abbas,4 Mamdouh M El-Shishtawy,3 Mokhtar M Mabrouk,2 Mohammed A Sobh41Mansoura University Hospitals, Mansoura, Egypt; 2Faculty of Pharmacy, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt; 3Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt; 4Urology and Nephrology Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, EgyptIntroduction: Anemia associated with chronic kidney disease is a serious complication necessitating expenditure of huge medical efforts and resources. This study investigates the role of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA in end stage renal disease patients undergoing hemodialysis. By the virtue of its antioxidative effects, ALA is expected to act as an erythropoietin (EPO adjuvant, and also has extended beneficial effects on endothelial dysfunction.Methods: Forty-four patients undergoing hemodialysis and receiving EPO were randomized into two groups: the first group received ALA 600 mg once daily for 3 months; while the other group represented the control group. Parameters measured at baseline and at end of study were hemoglobin, EPO doses, EPO resistance index (ERI, iron store indices, malondialdehyde, oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL, interleukin-6 (IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α, and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA, as well as routine laboratory follow-up.Results: EPO doses and ERI were significantly decreased in the treatment group, while they did not change in the control group. Hemoglobin, iron store indices, malondialdehyde, oxidized ox-LDL, IL-6, TNF-α, and ADMA were similar in both treatment and control groups at baseline, and did not change by the end of study period. Likewise, routine laboratory measures were not affected by the treatment.Conclusion: ALA could be used in hemodialysis patients to reduce requirements for EPO. However, larger and longer term studies are required to clarify the exact role of ALA in hemodialysis as well as in pre-hemodialysis patients.Keywords: alpha-lipoic acid, anemia, asymmetric dimethylarginine, erythropoietin, hemodialysis, oxidative stress

  2. Intermittent hemodialysis is superior to continuous veno-venous hemodialysis/hemodiafiltration to eliminate methanol and formate during treatment for methanol poisoning

    Zakharov, Sergey; Pelclova, Daniela; Navratil, Tomas; Belacek, Jaromir; Kurcova, Ivana; Komzak, Ondrej; Salek, Tomas; Latta, Jiri; Turek, Radovan; Bocek, Robert; Kucera, Cyril; Hubacek, Jaroslav A; Fenclova, Zdenka; Petrik, Vit; Cermak, Martin

    2014-01-01

    During an outbreak of methanol poisonings in the Czech Republic in 2012, we were able to study methanol and formate elimination half-lives during intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) and continuous veno-venous hemodialysis/hemodiafiltration (CVVHD/HDF) and the relative impact of dialysate and blood flow rates on elimination. Data were obtained from 11 IHD and 13 CVVHD/HDF patients. Serum methanol and formate concentrations were measured by gas chromatography and an enzymatic method. The groups wer...

  3. A comparison of solute clearance during continuous hemofiltration, hemodiafiltration, and hemodialysis using a polysulfone hemofilter.

    Reeves, J H; Butt, W W

    1995-01-01

    The clearance of urea, creatinine, amino acids, vancomycin, and phenytoin was measured in vivo in a small animal model during continuous venovenous (CVV) hemofiltration, CVV hemodiafiltration, and CVV hemodialysis using a 0.25 m2 polysulfone hemofilter. Six domestic piglets (weighing 6-11.8 kg) each received 1 hr of all three techniques in random order. Blood flow was 50 ml/min. During CVV hemofiltration, filtrate production was 500 ml/hr and dialysate flow was zero. During CVV hemodiafiltration, filtrate production was 250 ml/hr and dialysate flow was 250 ml/hr. During CVV hemodialysis, net filtrate production was zero and dialysate flow was 500 ml/hr. The ratio of concentration of solute in filter effluent to concentration in whole plasma was derived for each solute during each of the three techniques. Mean (SD) effluent:plasma ratio for urea during CVV hemofiltration was 0.957 (0.038), CVV hemodiafiltration 0.876 (0.109), and CVV hemodialysis 0.754 (0.123); creatinine 0.942 (0.05), 0.934 (0.056), and 0.814 (0.057); amino acids 0.996 (0.344), 0.904 (0.196), and 0.778 (0.18). For small unbound solutes, there is a decrease in clearance of 6% from CVV hemofiltration to CVV hemodiafiltration and a further decrease of 14% from hemodiafiltration to hemodialysis. The effluent:plasma ratio for vancomycin during CVV hemofiltration was 0.739 (0.082), CVV hemodiafiltration 0.643(0.063), and CVV hemodialysis 0.509 (0.081), corresponding to a decrease of 30% from CVV hemofiltration to CVV hemodialysis. The effluent:plasma ratio for phenytoin was 0.302 (0.028) during CVV hemofiltration and was not significantly different during CVV hemodiafiltration or CVV hemodialysis.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7727810

  4. ORIGINAL PAPER:
    The association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels with secondary hyperparathyroidism in end-stage renal failure patients undergoing regular hemodialysis

    Azar Baradaran; Hamid Nasri

    2005-01-01

    Introduction: To investigate the role of 25-OHD as a marker of nutrition and its association with mineral metabolism and serum parathormone secretion in end-stage renal failure patients undergoing regular hemodialysis (HD), a cross sectional study was carried out on a group of maintenance hemodialysis patients. Material and methods: Serum 25-hydroxy (25-OH vitamin D) levels, Intact serum PTH (iPTH) and also serum C-reactive protein(CRP), calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) wer...

  5. Pharmacokinetics of Ertapenem in Critically Ill Patients Receiving Continuous Venovenous Hemodialysis or Hemodiafiltration

    Eyler, Rachel F.; Vilay, A. Mary; Nader, Ahmed M.; Heung, Michael; Pleva, Melissa; Sowinski, Kevin M; DePestel, Daryl D.; Srgel, Fritz; Kinzig, Martina; Mueller, Bruce A

    2014-01-01

    This study characterizes the pharmacokinetics of ertapenem, a carbapenem antibiotic, in critically ill adult subjects receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Eight critically ill patients with suspected/known Gram-negative infections receiving continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD) or continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) and ertapenem were enrolled. One gram of ertapenem was infused over 30 min. Predialyzer blood samples were drawn with the first dose of ertapen...

  6. Quantification of cleaved beta2-microglobulin in serum from patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis

    Corlin, Dorthe B; Sen, Jette W; Ladefoged, Søren; Lund, Grethe Bjerregaard; Nissen, Mogens H; Heegaard, Niels H H

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Patients on chronic hemodialysis are prone to develop amyloid deposits of misfolded beta(2)-microglobulin (beta(2)M) in osteoarticular tissues. beta(2)M with various deletions/truncations and chemical modifications has been found together with structurally intact beta(2)M in extracts of...

  7. Tumoral calcinosis in a patient with hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural deafness, and renal dysplasia syndrome undergoing hemodialysis

    Hiramatsu, Rikako; Ubara, Yoshifumi; Tajima, Toshihiro; Usui, Takeshi; Namba, Kazutaka; Takeuchi, Yasuhiro; Sawa, Naoki; Hasegawa, Eiko; Takaichi, Kenmei

    2015-01-01

    Key Clinical Message We describe a hemodialysis patient with hypoparathyroidism due to HDR (hypoparathyroidism, sensorineural deafness, and renal dysplasia) syndrome caused by GATA3 mutation. She presents tumoral calcinosis which is a rare complication of end-stage renal failure. A novel mutation of GATA3 is identified in this patient.

  8. Stabilizing effects of cool dialysate temperature on hemodynamic parameters in diabetic patients undergoing hemodialysis

    To investigate the effect of cool dialysis on hemodynamic parameters and serum nitric oxide levels in diabetic patients, we studied 20 old (mean age 63.3+-7.5) chronic hemodialysis diabetics who were dialyzed twice, once using cool and once using standard (37 C) temperature dialysis solution. During the study, all the dialysis conditions were maintained the same except cooling the dailysate from 37C to 35C. Hemodynamic parameters including SBP, DBP and HR were measured hourly. Oral temperature was measured before and after dialysis. Serum urea and nitric oxide metabolites were determined before and after hemodialysis. Systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure decreased significantly during standard compared to cool dialysis. Maximum decrease of systolic, diastolic and mean arterial pressure was observed during the third hour of dialysis and magnitude of decrease was 18, 17 and 14 percent for standard temperature and 6, 1, and 4 percent for cool dialysis, respectively. Heart rate did not differ significantly between the two study groups. Compared to the pre dialysis levels of serum nitric oxide metabolites, the post dialysis levels decreased significantly with cool and standard temperature dialysate (59+-5 vs. 37+-4, and 63+-7 vs. 41+-5, umol/L respectively, P<0.01). Cool dialysis could decrease episodes of hypotension and stabilized hemodynamic parameters in diabetic patients. Probably other mechanisms than increased serum nitric oxide levels may be involved in hemodialysis hypotension in this group of patients. (author)

  9. Stabilizing Effects of Cool Dialysate Temperature on Hemodynamic Parameters in Diabetic Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

    Ghasemi Asghar

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available To investigate the effect of cool dialysis on hemodynamic parameters and serum nitric oxide levels in diabetic patients, we studied 20 old (mean age 63.3 7.5 chronic hemodialysis diabetics who were dialyzed twice, once using cool and once using standard (37 o C temperature dialysate solution. During the study, all the dialysis conditions were maintained the same except coo-ling the dialysate from 37 o C to 35C. Hemodynamic parameters including SBP, DBP, and HR were measured hourly. Oral temperature was measured before and after dialysis. Serum urea and nitric oxide metabolites were determined before and after hemodialysis. Systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure decreased significantly during standard temperature compared to cool dialysis. Maximum decrease of systolic, diastolic, and mean arterial pressure was observed during the third hour of dia-lysis and the magnitude of decrease was 18, 17, and 14 percent for standard temperature and 6, 1, and 4 percent for cool dialysis, respectively. Heart rate did not differ significantly between the two study groups. Compared to the pre dialysis levels of serum nitric oxide metabolites, the post dialy-sis levels decreased significantly with cool and standard temperature dialysate (59 5 vs. 37 4, and 63 7 vs. 41 5, mol/L respectively, P< 0.01. Cool dialysis could decrease episodes of hypotension and stabilized hemodynamic parameters in diabetic patients. Probably other mechanisms than in-creased serum nitric oxide levels may be involved in hemodialysis hypotension in this group of patients.

  10. Relationship between Calcium-Phosphorus Product and Severity of Valvular Heart Insufficiency in Patients Undergoing Chronic Hemodialysis

    Mehrdad Sheikhvatan

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Recent interests have mainly focused on the roles of serum calcium and phosphorus and their product (Ca-P product in the development of valvular heart disease. The present study assessed the relationship between the Ca-P product and the severity of valvular heart disease in end-stage renal disease (ESRD patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis.Methods: This cross-sectional study reviewed the clinical course of 72 consecutive patients with the final diagnosis of ESRD candidated for chronic hemodialysis. The severity of valvular heart disease was determined using M-mode two-dimensional echocardiography. The serum calcium and phosphate values adopted were those values measured on the day between the two consecutive dialyses, and the Ca-P product was calculated.Results: The most common causes of ESRD were diabetic nephropathy, malignant hypertension, and chronic glomerulonephritis. The mean Ca-P product level in the dialysis patients was 50.44 17.78 mg2/dL2. The receiver-operator characteristic (ROC curve illustrated that a Ca-P product level > 42 mg2/dL2 was the optimal value in terms of sensitivity and specificity for predicting the presence of valvular insufficiency. Aortic insufficiency was directly associated with a high Ca-P product value after adjustment for age, gender, serum albumin, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease, and serum creatinine (? = 0.412, SE = 158, p value= 0.011.Conclusion: A positive relationship between the Ca-P product value and the severity of aortic insufficiency is expected. Achieving an appropriate control of the Ca-P product level may decrease aortic valve calcification and improve the survival of patients on chronic hemodialysis.

  11. Continuous venovenous hemodialysis with regional citrate anticoagulation in patients with liver failure: a prospective observational study

    Schultheiß, Caroline; Saugel, Bernd; Phillip, Veit; Thies, Philipp; Noe, Sebastian; Mayr, Ulrich; Haller, Bernhard; Einwächter, Henrik; Schmid, Roland M; Huber, Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    Introduction Liver failure patients might be at risk for citrate accumulation during continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD) with regional citrate anticoagulation. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive capability of baseline liver function parameters regarding citrate accumulation, expressed as an increase in the calcium total/calcium ionized (Catot/Caion) ratio ≥2.5, and to describe the feasibility of citrate CVVHD in liver failure patients. Methods We conducted a prospe...

  12. Vascular access-related infections in HIV patients undergoing hemodialysis: case description and literature review

    Carlos E. Figueroa Castro

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Poor immune status, the use of a vascular access different from an AV fistula, and intravenous drug use (IDU may favor increased rates of vascular access infections among HIV infected patients on hemodialysis. Staphylococcus spp. and Streptococcus spp. are the main cause of these infections, but Gram-negative rods and fungi have been found as well. Using an AV fistula when possible, and eliciting a history of IVDU on every visit may prevent this type of infection. When infections are present, coverage for both Gram-positive and negative organisms is recommended. Additional studies specifically addressing the issue of vascular access infection in HIV infected patients are required.

  13. Vascular access-related infections in HIV patients undergoing hemodialysis: case description and literature review.

    Castro, Carlos E Figueroa; Madariaga, Miguel G

    2008-12-01

    Poor immune status, the use of a vascular access different from an AV fistula, and intravenous drug use (IDU) may favor increased rates of vascular access infections among HIV infected patients on hemodialysis. Staphylococcus spp. and Streptococcus spp. are the main cause of these infections, but Gram-negative rods and fungi have been found as well. Using an AV fistula when possible, and eliciting a history of IVDU on every visit may prevent this type of infection. When infections are present, coverage for both Gram-positive and negative organisms is recommended. Additional studies specifically addressing the issue of vascular access infection in HIV infected patients are required. PMID:19287844

  14. Hypoxia and oxidative stress markers in pediatric patients undergoing hemodialysis: cross section study

    Hamed Enas A

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Tissue injury due to hypoxia and/or free radicals is common in a variety of disease processes. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate effect of chronic kidney diseases (CKD and hemodialysis (HD on hypoxia and oxidative stress biomarkers. Methods Forty pediatric patients with CKD on HD and 20 healthy children were recruited. Plasma hypoxia induced factor-1α (HIF-1α, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF were measured by specific ELISA kits while, total antioxidant capacity (TAC, total peroxide (TPX, pyruvate and lactate by enzymatic/chemical colorimetric methods. Oxidative stress index (OSI and lactate/pyruvate (L/P ratio were calculated. Results TAC was significantly lower while TPX, OSI and VEGF were higher in patients at before- and after-dialysis session than controls. Lactate and HIF-1α levels were significantly higher at before-dialysis session than controls. Before dialysis, TAC and L/P ratio were lower than after-dialysis. In before-dialysis session, VEGF correlated positively with pyruvate, HIF-1α and OSI correlated positively with TPX, but, negatively with TAC. In after-dialysis session, HIF-1α correlated negatively with TPX and OSI; while, OSI correlated positively with TPX. Conclusions CKD patients succumb considerable tissue hypoxia with oxidative stress. Hemodialysis ameliorated hypoxia but lowered antioxidants as evidenced by decreased levels of HIF-1α and TAC at before- compared to after-dialysis levels.

  15. Analytical and Finite Element Modeling of Nanomembranes for Miniaturized, Continuous Hemodialysis

    Tucker Burgin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Hemodialysis involves large, periodic treatment doses using large-area membranes. If the permeability of dialysis membranes could be increased, it would reduce the necessary dialyzer size and could enable a wearable device that administers a continuous, low dose treatment of chronic kidney disease. This paper explores the application of ultrathin silicon membranes to this purpose, by way of analytical and finite element models of diffusive and convective transport of plasma solutes during hemodialysis, which we show to be predictive of experimental results. A proof-of-concept miniature nanomembrane dialyzer design is then proposed and analytically predicted to clear uremic toxins at near-ideal levels, as measured by several markers of dialysis adequacy. This work suggests the feasibility of miniature nanomembrane-based dialyzers that achieve therapeutic levels of uremic toxin clearance for patients with kidney failure.

  16. The effect of depression and anxiety on the performance status of end-stage renal disease patients undergoing hemodialysis.

    Rajan, Emilda Juidth Ezhil; Subramanian, Somasundaram

    2016-01-01

    Individuals who are diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergo major changes in lifestyle. The present cross-sectional study was conducted to identify the relationship between patients who undergo hemodialysis (HD) and their performance status, and how it is influenced by the presence of the level of depression and anxiety. A total of 50 patients were recruited from HD centers in and around Chennai. The patients were screened using the General Health Questionnaire to screen for co-morbid psychiatric conditions. The patients were assessed for depression and anxiety, and their performance status was assessed using Beck's Depression Inventory, Beck's Anxiety Inventory, and Karnofsky Performance Status. The study findings indicate that there is a positive correlation between anxiety and depression in ESRD patients. The findings also indicated that depression and anxiety are positively correlated with the performance status of ESRD patients. The duration on, as well as the frequency of dialysis, also correlated with the performance status of ESRD patients. It can be concluded that anxiety and depression are prevalent among ESRD patients and that they interfere with the performance status; additionally, duration on dialysis also interferes with performance status. Addressing depression and anxiety can help in enhancing the patient's performance status. PMID:26997387

  17. The efficacy of udenafil in end-stage renal disease patients undergoing hemodialysis.

    Irkilata, Lokman; Aydin, Hasan Riza; Ozer, Ismail; Aydin, Mustafa; Demirel, Hüseyin Cihan; Moral, Caner; Atilla, Mustafa Kemal

    2016-04-01

    Introduction Erectile dysfunction (ED) is frequently observed in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on hemodialysis (HD) compared to non-uremic patients. This situation causes severe psychogenic problems in patients and disrupts the quality of life. Different phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitors have been used, and efficacies revealed, for the treatment of ED in HD patients; however, there are no studies related to udenafil use or results for HD patients. This study retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and reliability of udenafil for HD patients. Materials and methods The laboratory findings, side effects after treatment, and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) scores before and after treatment were compared and evaluated for HD patients who applied to our urology clinic with ED complaints and were treated with udenafil. Results The results showed that in the HD patient group with ED, apart from ED, there were severe rates of other sexual dysfunction. In our patient group, there was a statistically significant improvement in all scores for erectile function (p = 0.033), orgasmic function (p < 0.001), sexual desire (p < 0.001), relationship satisfaction (p < 0.001), and general satisfaction (p < 0.001) after treatment. The reported side effects were headache in one patient and dyspepsia in one patient. Conclusion We concluded that udenafil is an effective and reliable treatment approach for HD patients; however, our results require support from prospective randomized crossover studies with sildenafil. PMID:26727286

  18. The relative trending accuracy of noninvasive continuous hemoglobin monitoring during hemodialysis in critically ill patients.

    Yamada, Hiroshi; Saeki, Minako; Ito, Junko; Kawada, Kazuhiro; Higurashi, Aya; Funakoshi, Hiromi; Takeda, Kohji

    2015-02-01

    The pulse CO-Oximeter (Radical-7; Masimo Corp., Irvine, CA) is a multi-wavelength spectrophotometric method for noninvasive continuous monitoring of hemoglobin (SpHb). Because evaluating the relative change in blood volume (?BV) is crucial to avoid hypovolemia and hypotension during hemodialysis, it would be of great clinical benefit if ?BV could be estimated by measurement of SpHb during hemodialysis. The capability of the pulse CO-Oximeter to monitor ?BV depends on the relative trending accuracy of SpHb. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the relative trending accuracy of SpHb by the pulse CO-Oximeter using Crit-Line as a reference device. In 12 patients who received hemodialysis (total 22 sessions) in the intensive care unit, ?BV was determined from SpHb. Relative changes in blood volume determined from SpHb were calculated according to the equation: ?BV(SpHb)=[starting SpHb]/[current SpHb] - 1. The absolute values of SpHb and hematocrit measured by Crit-Line (CL-Hct) showed poor correlation. On the contrary, linear regression analysis showed good correlation between ?BV(SpHb) and the relative change in blood volume measured by Crit-Line [?BV(CL-Hct)] (r=0.83; P?0.001). Bland-Altman analysis also revealed good agreement between ?BV(SpHb) and ?BV(CL-Hct) (bias, -0.77%; precision, 3.41%). Polar plot analysis revealed good relative trending accuracy of SpHb with an angular bias of 4.1 and radial limits of agreement of 24.4 (upper) and -16.2 (lower). The results of the current study indicate that SpHb measurement with the pulse CO-Oximeter has good relative trending accuracy. PMID:24793635

  19. Successful treatment of severe carbamazepine toxicity with 5% albumin-enhanced continuous venovenous hemodialysis.

    Narayan, Rajeev; Rizzo, Meagan; Cole, Michael

    2014-06-01

    Carbamazepine overdose is a common, toxic ingestion, manifesting as central nervous system (CNS) and respiratory depression. Carbamazepine is highly protein bound with a large volume of distribution and, therefore, inefficiently removed by conventional hemodialysis. We describe the successful use of continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD) with 5% albumin enhanced dialysate in a 31-year-old female who developed CNS depression, hypotension and respiratory failure, requiring mechanical ventilation, after an intentional ingestion of approximately 10 g of extended release carbamazepine, Tegretol CR(®). The peak drug level was 26 mcg/ml, therapeutic range 8-12 mcg/ml, with toxicity often developing a level above 15 mcg/ml. Normal half-life of drug elimination is 35-60 h in carbamazepine naïve patients. In contrast, with albumin-enhanced dialysis, we observed a drug half-life of 18 h. She was extubated on day two and was transferred to inpatient psychiatry by day 3 without significant neurologic sequelae. In vitro studies have been done with bovine blood demonstrating significant carbamazepine removal using CVVHD with albumin-enhanced dialysate. There has been very limited experience using albumin-enhanced CVVHD in an adult patient with carbamazepine toxicity. PMID:24449266

  20. Pharmacokinetics of Carboplatin in a One-Year-Old Anuric Boy Undergoing Hemodialysis and a Review of the Literature.

    Kamei, Koichi; Sako, Mayumi; Ishikawa, Tomoaki; Sato, Mai; Ogura, Masao; Uno, Teruaki; Kiyotani, Chikako; Mori, Tetsuya; Tanaka, Hideaki; Ito, Shuichi; Nakamura, Hidefumi

    2015-10-01

    There have been few reports of carboplatin-based chemotherapy for anuric infants. As we had a chance to treat a one-year-old anuric hepatoblastoma patient with carboplatin, we performed a pharmacokinetic analysis and examined the optimal treatment strategy. A one-year-old anuric boy under peritoneal dialysis was diagnosed with hepatoblastoma. Surgical resection was performed, and administration of carboplatin was scheduled postoperatively aiming at 5?mgmin/mL of the area under the curve from the time of dosing to the time of the last observation (AUC(0-t)). We set the initial dose at 50?mg, higher than that calculated by the Calvert formula (34?mg); the time from the end of carboplatin infusion to the initiation of hemodialysis at 2?h; and the hemodialysis duration at 24?h. The actual AUC0-t was 3.05?mgmin/mL because the elimination half-lives before and during hemodialysis were shorter than expected. The AUC(0-t) after the second dose (100?mg) and the third dose (80?mg) were 7.00 and 4.68?mgmin/mL, respectively. The Calvert formula is not suitable for hemodialysis patients because removal of platinum by hemodialysis is not taken into account. It appears that extrarenal clearance in anuric infants is different from that in adults. We obtained an optimal AUC(0-t) using a dose of 80?mg (200?mg/m(2)), setting the time from the end of carboplatin infusion to the initiation of hemodialysis at 2?h, and performing 8-h hemodialysis. Further accumulation of the pharmacokinetic data of carboplatin is necessary for anuric children. PMID:25916242

  1. Characterizing the continuously acquired cardiovascular time series during hemodialysis, using median hybrid filter preprocessing noise reduction

    Wilson S

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Scott Wilson,1,2 Andrea Bowyer,3 Stephen B Harrap4 1Department of Renal Medicine, The Alfred Hospital, 2Baker IDI, Melbourne, 3Department of Anaesthesia, Royal Melbourne Hospital, 4University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia Abstract: The clinical characterization of cardiovascular dynamics during hemodialysis (HD has important pathophysiological implications in terms of diagnostic, cardiovascular risk assessment, and treatment efficacy perspectives. Currently the diagnosis of significant intradialytic systolic blood pressure (SBP changes among HD patients is imprecise and opportunistic, reliant upon the presence of hypotensive symptoms in conjunction with coincident but isolated noninvasive brachial cuff blood pressure (NIBP readings. Considering hemodynamic variables as a time series makes a continuous recording approach more desirable than intermittent measures; however, in the clinical environment, the data signal is susceptible to corruption due to both impulsive and Gaussian-type noise. Signal preprocessing is an attractive solution to this problem. Prospectively collected continuous noninvasive SBP data over the short-break intradialytic period in ten patients was preprocessed using a novel median hybrid filter (MHF algorithm and compared with 50 time-coincident pairs of intradialytic NIBP measures from routine HD practice. The median hybrid preprocessing technique for continuously acquired cardiovascular data yielded a dynamic regression without significant noise and artifact, suitable for high-level profiling of time-dependent SBP behavior. Signal accuracy is highly comparable with standard NIBP measurement, with the added clinical benefit of dynamic real-time hemodynamic information. Keywords: continuous monitoring, blood pressure

  2. Characterizing the continuously acquired cardiovascular time series during hemodialysis, using median hybrid filter preprocessing noise reduction.

    Wilson, Scott; Bowyer, Andrea; Harrap, Stephen B

    2015-01-01

    The clinical characterization of cardiovascular dynamics during hemodialysis (HD) has important pathophysiological implications in terms of diagnostic, cardiovascular risk assessment, and treatment efficacy perspectives. Currently the diagnosis of significant intradialytic systolic blood pressure (SBP) changes among HD patients is imprecise and opportunistic, reliant upon the presence of hypotensive symptoms in conjunction with coincident but isolated noninvasive brachial cuff blood pressure (NIBP) readings. Considering hemodynamic variables as a time series makes a continuous recording approach more desirable than intermittent measures; however, in the clinical environment, the data signal is susceptible to corruption due to both impulsive and Gaussian-type noise. Signal preprocessing is an attractive solution to this problem. Prospectively collected continuous noninvasive SBP data over the short-break intradialytic period in ten patients was preprocessed using a novel median hybrid filter (MHF) algorithm and compared with 50 time-coincident pairs of intradialytic NIBP measures from routine HD practice. The median hybrid preprocessing technique for continuously acquired cardiovascular data yielded a dynamic regression without significant noise and artifact, suitable for high-level profiling of time-dependent SBP behavior. Signal accuracy is highly comparable with standard NIBP measurement, with the added clinical benefit of dynamic real-time hemodynamic information. PMID:25678827

  3. Preferences of patients undergoing hemodialysis – results from a questionnaire-based study with 4,518 patients

    Janssen IM

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Inger Miriam Janssen,1 Ansgar Gerhardus,2,3 Gero D von Gersdorff,4 Conrad August Baldamus,4 Mathias Schaller,4 Claudia Barth,5 Fueloep Scheibler6 1Department of Epidemiology and International Public Health, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany; 2Department for Health Services Research, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany; 3Health Sciences Bremen, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany; 4Department of Internal Medicine II, University Hospital of Cologne, Cologne, Germany; 5KfH Kuratorium fuer Dialyse und Nierentransplantation e.V., Neu-Isenburg, Germany; 6Department of Non-Drug Interventions, Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care, Cologne, Germany Background: Chronic kidney disease is an increasing health problem worldwide and in its final stage (stage V can only be treated by renal replacement therapy, mostly hemodialysis. Hemodialysis has a major influence on the everyday life of patients and many patients report dissatisfaction with treatment. Little is known about which aspects of treatment are considered important by hemodialysis patients. The objective of this study was to rate the relative importance of different outcomes for hemodialysis patients and to analyze whether the relative importance differed among subgroups of patients.Patients and methods: Within the framework of a yearly questionnaire which is distributed among patients receiving hemodialysis by the largest hemodialysis provider in Germany, we assessed the relative importance of 23 outcomes as rated on a discrete visual analog scale. Descriptive statistics were used to rank the outcomes. Subgroup analyses were performed using Mann–Whitney U or Kruskal–Wallis tests.Results: Questionnaires of 4,518 hemodialysis patients were included in the analysis. The three most important outcomes were safety of treatment, health-related quality of life, and satisfaction with care. Further important outcomes were hospital stays, accompanying symptoms, hemodialysis duration, and the improvement or preservation of a good emotional state. Age, profession, and education had the strongest influence on relevant differences of preferences for outcomes; no relevant influence of sex or comorbidity was observed.Conclusion: Outcomes concerning the delivery or provision of care and aspects influencing quality of life are rated by patients to be at least as important as clinical outcomes. Many of the outcomes judged to be important by the patients are not regularly considered in research, evaluation studies, or quality programs. Keywords: patient-centered outcomes, preference elicitation, chronic disease, patient-centered research, rating scale

  4. Total peroxyl radical-trapping capacity of plasma in patients undergoing regular hemodialysis treatment and kidney transplantation

    Číž, Milan; Kubala, Lukáš; Čížová, Hana; Soška, V.; Černý, J.; Lojek, Antonín

    Roma, 2001. s. 87. [Meeting of the Society for Free Radical Research Europe SFRR 2001. 22.06.2001-24.06.2001, Roma] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA524/01/1219 Keywords : peroxyl radical-trapping * plasma * hemodialysis and kidney transplantation Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics

  5. Intermittent hemodialysis is superior to continuous veno-venous hemodialysis/hemodiafiltration to eliminate methanol and formate during treatment for methanol poisoning.

    Zakharov, Sergey; Pelclova, Daniela; Navratil, Tomas; Belacek, Jaromir; Kurcova, Ivana; Komzak, Ondrej; Salek, Tomas; Latta, Jiri; Turek, Radovan; Bocek, Robert; Kucera, Cyril; Hubacek, Jaroslav A; Fenclova, Zdenka; Petrik, Vit; Cermak, Martin; Hovda, Knut Erik

    2014-07-01

    During an outbreak of methanol poisonings in the Czech Republic in 2012, we were able to study methanol and formate elimination half-lives during intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) and continuous veno-venous hemodialysis/hemodiafiltration (CVVHD/HDF) and the relative impact of dialysate and blood flow rates on elimination. Data were obtained from 11 IHD and 13 CVVHD/HDF patients. Serum methanol and formate concentrations were measured by gas chromatography and an enzymatic method. The groups were relatively comparable, but the CVVHD/HDF group was significantly more acidotic (mean pH 6.9 vs. 7.1 IHD). The mean elimination half-life of methanol was 3.7 and formate 1.6 h with IHD, versus 8.1 and 3.6 h, respectively, with CVVHD/HDF (both significant). The 54% greater reduction in methanol and 56% reduction in formate elimination half-life during IHD resulted from the higher blood and dialysate flow rates. Increased blood and dialysate flow on the CVVHD/HDF also increased elimination significantly. Thus, IHD is superior to CVVHD/HDF for more rapid methanol and formate elimination, and if CVVHD/HDF is the only treatment available then elimination is greater with greater blood and dialysate flow rates. PMID:24621917

  6. Intermittent hemodialysis is superior to continuous veno-venous hemodialysis/hemodiafiltration to eliminate methanol and formate during treatment for methanol poisoning

    Zakharov, Sergey; Pelclova, Daniela; Navratil, Tomas; Belacek, Jaromir; Kurcova, Ivana; Komzak, Ondrej; Salek, Tomas; Latta, Jiri; Turek, Radovan; Bocek, Robert; Kucera, Cyril; Hubacek, Jaroslav A; Fenclova, Zdenka; Petrik, Vit; Cermak, Martin; Hovda, Knut Erik

    2014-01-01

    During an outbreak of methanol poisonings in the Czech Republic in 2012, we were able to study methanol and formate elimination half-lives during intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) and continuous veno-venous hemodialysis/hemodiafiltration (CVVHD/HDF) and the relative impact of dialysate and blood flow rates on elimination. Data were obtained from 11 IHD and 13 CVVHD/HDF patients. Serum methanol and formate concentrations were measured by gas chromatography and an enzymatic method. The groups were relatively comparable, but the CVVHD/HDF group was significantly more acidotic (mean pH 6.9 vs. 7.1 IHD). The mean elimination half-life of methanol was 3.7 and formate 1.6 h with IHD, versus 8.1 and 3.6 h, respectively, with CVVHD/HDF (both significant). The 54% greater reduction in methanol and 56% reduction in formate elimination half-life during IHD resulted from the higher blood and dialysate flow rates. Increased blood and dialysate flow on the CVVHD/HDF also increased elimination significantly. Thus, IHD is superior to CVVHD/HDF for more rapid methanol and formate elimination, and if CVVHD/HDF is the only treatment available then elimination is greater with greater blood and dialysate flow rates. PMID:24621917

  7. Enhanced elimination of dabigatran: Identifying the appropriate patient for the use of continuous venovenous hemodialysis instead of intermittent hemodialysis-A simulation analysis.

    Liesenfeld, Karl-Heinz; Gruenenfelder, Fredrik; Clemens, Andreas

    2016-05-01

    There are clinical situations where rapid elimination of dabigatran is beneficial. Intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) removes dabigatran effectively but is not always available and requires a hemodynamically stable patient. We therefore investigated the continuous venovenous hemodialysis (CVVHD) technique for its potency in the elimination of dabigatran. Based on pharmacometric characterization of dabigatran in IHD, we simulated a broad range of dialysis settings for CVVHD and then applied the model to specific clinical situations. Dialysis of 3 hours' duration with typical clinical settings (dialysate flow rate 50 mL/min; blood flow rate 150 mL/min) reduced dabigatran plasma concentration by 14-17% in addition to the patient body clearance. Extending dialysis duration to 8 or 16 hours for patients with severe renal dysfunction resulted in additional reductions from 26% up to 40%. When comparing with IHD for different endpoints (reaching 50% of initial dabigatran concentration, or nondetectability of dabigatran by the Hemoclot test), CVVHD did not reach comparable elimination rates. CVVHD is not fast enough to prepare for urgent interventions in patients with high bleeding risks. However, in situations where less hemodynamically stressful modalities seem indicated, CVVHD might be useful in moderately to severely renally impaired patients to accelerate dabigatran elimination. PMID:26272714

  8. Continuous reduction of plasma paraoxonase activity with increasing dialysis vintage in hemodialysis patients

    Henning, Bernhard F; Holzhausen, Helge; Tepel, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Plasma paraoxonase (PON) is an enzyme that hydrolyzes organic phosphate and aromatic carboxylic acid esters. Reduced activity is associated with early events of atherogenesis. The relevance of PON phenotypes is not well characterized in hemodialysis patients. In a cross-sectional study we measured...... PON activity in 377 hemodialysis patients photometrically using the substrates 4-nitrophenylacetate and phenylacetate. The PON ratio was calculated from 4-nitrophenylacetate-derived activity divided by phenylacetate-derived activity. Frequency distribution of the PON ratio showed three different PON...... phenotypes. 74% of hemodialysis patients showed PON phenotype 1, 21% PON phenotype 2, and 5% PON phenotype 3. Compared to hemodialysis patients with PON 1, patients with PON 2 or 3 showed higher conversion rates for 4-nitrophenylacetate. We observed a significant reduction of PON ratio with increasing...

  9. Comparison of Anthropometric Data between End-stage Renal Disease Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis and Healthy Adults in Korea

    Lee, Seoung Woo; Park, Geun Ho; Lee, Sun Young; Song, Joon Ho; Kim, Moon-Jae

    2005-01-01

    Protein-calorie malnutrition is prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The prevalence of obesity in healthy Korean adults has increased rapidly during the last 10 years. However, there are few large scale data collections available about the current weight status of Korean HD patients. The weight statuses of 10,304 HD patients (data from the Insan Memorial Dialysis Registry 2002, Korean Society of Nephrology) were compared to those of 12,436 control subjects (age > 18) by using body mass in...

  10. Frequency of restless leg syndrome in end stage renal disease patients undergoing hemodialysis and its association with diabetes mellitus

    Objective: To determine the frequency of Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS) in End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) patients receiving hemodialysis and its association with the most common cause of ESRD i.e. Diabetes mellitus (DM). Methodology: This cross sectional study was done in the dialysis unit of Nephrology of Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan from 10th August 2012 to 9th February 2013. A total of 140 patients with ESRD were included in study, who were 18 years of age or above, on regular hemodialysis. Patients were screened for the presence of RLS using International Restless Leg Syndrome Study Group (IRLSSG) diagnostic criteria. Those with RLS were checked for the presence of DM. Age, gender, presence of RLS and DM were recorded. Data were analyzed using SPSS 12. Results: Mean age was 53.54 years (range 18-80 years). 38.6% of the ESRD patients had RLS. p value for association of RLS with DM was not significant. Conclusion: RLS is frequently found in ESRD patients receiving hemodialysis. Diabetes Mellitus, which is the most common cause of ESRD, does not seem to have any association with the occurrence of RLS in these patients. (author)

  11. ORIGINAL PAPER: The association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels with secondary hyperparathyroidism in end-stage renal failure patients undergoing regular hemodialysis

    Azar Baradaran

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: To investigate the role of 25-OHD as a marker of nutrition and its association with mineral metabolism and serum parathormone secretion in end-stage renal failure patients undergoing regular hemodialysis (HD, a cross sectional study was carried out on a group of maintenance hemodialysis patients. Material and methods: Serum 25-hydroxy (25-OH vitamin D levels, Intact serum PTH (iPTH and also serum C-reactive protein(CRP, calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase (ALP were measured. Results: In the study, significant differences of serum 25-OH vitamin D between diabetic and non-diabetics of male dialysis patients with more values in nondiabetic HD patients and a significant positive correlation of serum 25-OH vitamin D with BMI and also a near significant inverse correlation of serum 25-OH vitamin D with serum phosphorus were found, also a significant inverse correlation of serum 25-OH VitD with serum calcium was seen, too. Moreover, a weakly significant inverse correlation of serum 25-OH vitamin D with serum iPTH was seen, too. In this study no significant association between serum 25-OH vitamin D with serum albumin, CRP, ALP, dialysis adequacy and ages of the patients, duration and sessions of dialysis were found. Conclusions: In hemodialysis patients, low serum 25-OHD levels could be a risk factor for secondary hyperparathyroidism. Serum 25-OHD could show the nutritional status of HD patients. In dialysis patients, we suggest that the plasma levels of 25-OHD are maintained around the upper limit of the reference range of sunny countries.

  12. Adherence to prescribed oral medication in adult patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis: A critical review of the literature

    Schmid H

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective Poor adherence to complex multimodal therapies is a widely recognized problem in the daily care of dialysis patients, contributing to excess morbidity and mortality of this population. While a few studies have been devoted to understanding patient nonadherence, their results were somewhat controversial. The goals of this review are to quantify nonadherence to certain oral medications, to raise awareness of factors that may cause problems in a patient's adherence to this treatment, and to describe strategies that may be used to improve adherence to prescribed pharmacotherapy. Methods A systematic literature review in the MEDLINE and PubMed database (1971-2008 was performed. Quantitative studies, which accurately indicated the total percentages of nonadherence to oral medication in adult patients receiving chronic hemodialysis, were identified. Results A total of 19 studies fulfilled the search criteria. Rates of nonadherence to the oral medication ranged from 3 - 80%. More than half of the included studies reported nonadherence rates of ? 50% (mean 67%. The use of phosphate binding therapy was the prevalent surveyed oral medication. Self reports, structured interviews, and predialysis serum phosphate levels were the most frequent assessment tools used to record adherence rates. Limitations of the reviewed studies included small patient cohorts, inconsistent definitions of adherence, and a lack of standardized methods for measuring nonadherence. Conclusions Nonadherence to oral medication in hemodialysis patients is still an underestimated, but life-threatening behaviour.

  13. HEMODIALYSIS MEMBRANES: PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE TRENDS

    Gautham A; Muhammed Javad M; Murugan Manavalan; Mansoor Ani Najeeb

    2013-01-01

    Renal failure is one of the major health problems faced by many people all over the world. These patients choose either transplantation procedure or undergo hemodialysis. Approximately 28% people suffer from renal failures worldwide, among which a quarter are very critical. Patients who opt for hemodialysis have to undergo it regularly. The membranes used in hemodialysis are very vital. The first ever polymer used asan artificial hemodialysis membrane was collodion, which is a derivative of c...

  14. Intermittent hemodialysis is superior to continuous veno-venous hemodialysis/hemodiafiltration to eliminate methanol and formate during treatment for methanol poisoning

    Zakharov, S.; Pelclová, D.; Navrátil, Tomáš; Běláček, J.; Kurcová, I.; Komzák, O.; Šálek, T.; Latta, J.; Turek, R.; Boček, R.; Kučera, C.; Hubáček, J. A.; Fenclová, Z.; Petřík, V.; Čermák, M.; Hovda, K. E.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 86, č. 1 (2014), s. 199-207. ISSN 0085-2538 Institutional support: RVO:61388955 Keywords : Intermittent hemodialysis * hemodiafiltration * methanol poisonings Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry Impact factor: 8.563, year: 2014

  15. A comparison of the quality of life of the patients undergoing hemodialysis versus peritoneal dialysis and its correlation to the quality of dialysis

    Abdolamir Atapour

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Over the years, there has been a steady increase in the number of patients requiring dialysis. However, no consensus exists between choosing either hemodialysis (HD or peritoneal dialysis (PD as the preferred method of dialysis for patients. In this study, we have compared the quality of life of the patients undergoing either HD or PD. This cross-sectional study was performed in the dialysis center of the Noor and Saint Ali Asghar University Hospital in Isfahan, Iran in 2012. Forty-six patients who underwent PD (28 males and 18 females and 46 similar patients undergoing HD (26 males and 20 females were compared. A standardized Persian version of the short form-36 (SF-36 tool was used to assess the quality of life and to assess the quality of dialysis weekly Kt/V in patients undergoing PD and single random Kt/V sampling in HD patients were assessed. Patients undergoing PD reported higher scores in physical functioning. The lowest scores in both groups were reported in mental health section. In physical functioning section, physical role functioning section and overall score of the SF-36 tool, PD patients reported significantly higher scores compared to the HD patients (P <0.05. There was no significant difference between the qualities of the dialysis in the two patient groups. Aspects of quality of life such as physical functioning, physical role functioning, bodily pain, general health perceptions, and overall score were significantly different between the two groups. If these results are substantiated by subsequent longitudinal studies, then the choice of dialysis could be better guided in patients by the quality of life issues.

  16. Characterizing the continuously acquired cardiovascular time series during hemodialysis, using median hybrid filter preprocessing noise reduction

    Wilson S.; Bowyer A; Harrap SB

    2015-01-01

    Scott Wilson,1,2 Andrea Bowyer,3 Stephen B Harrap4 1Department of Renal Medicine, The Alfred Hospital, 2Baker IDI, Melbourne, 3Department of Anaesthesia, Royal Melbourne Hospital, 4University of Melbourne, Parkville, VIC, Australia Abstract: The clinical characterization of cardiovascular dynamics during hemodialysis (HD) has important pathophysiological implications in terms of diagnostic, cardiovascular risk assessment, and treatment efficacy perspectives. Currently the diagnosis of signif...

  17. The relationship of visfatin levels to inflammatory cytokines and left ventricular hypertrophy in hemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients.

    Erten, Yasemin; Ebinç, Fatma Ayerden; Ebinç, Haksun; Paşaoğlu, Hatice; Demirtaş, Canan; Taçoy, Gülten; Koç, Eyüp; Derici, Ulver; Reis, Kadriye Altok; Bali, Musa; Arinsoy, Turgay; Sindel, Sükrü

    2008-01-01

    Visfatin was recently defined as an adipocytokine; however, the pathophysiological role of visfatin is not completely understood. A few studies suggest that visfatin may be a new proinflammatory adipocytokine. The aim of the present study was to compare serum visfatin levels between hemodialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients and evaluate the relationship between visfatin levels to IL-6, TNF-alpha, and left ventricular hypertrophy. Serum visfatin, IL-6, and TNF-alpha levels were measured by using the ELISA method, and echocardiographic evaluations were performed in 31 hemodialysis patients, 30 CAPD patients, and 21 healthy volunteers. Serum visfatin levels were higher in the CAPD group (265.27 +/- 387.86 ng/mL) than hemodialysis (97.68 +/- 244.96 ng/mL,) and control (41.33 +/- 48.87 ng/mL) groups (p = 0.04, p = 0.01, respectively). No significant difference was observed between the hemodialysis and control groups. In univariate analysis, visfatin levels were positively correlated with IL-6 (r = 0.24, p = 0.03), TNF-alpha (r = 0.34, p = 0.002), and BMI (r = 0.26, p = 0.03) and negatively correlated with some left ventricular diastolic parameters [Em and Em/Am (r = -0.305, p = 0.01), (r = -0.251, p = 0.03), respectively]. No relationship was found between visfatin and left ventricular mass index. In the linear regression analysis, visfatin levels independently related with TNF-( (beta = 0.369, p = 0.001) and IL-6 (beta = 0.284, p = 0.015). This study has found significantly higher levels of serum visfatin in CAPD patients when compared to healthy individuals. Increased visfatin levels seem to associate with proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-6 or TNF-alpha. As for the effects of on left ventricular structure and functions, visfatin might have negative effects on left ventricular diastolic function parameters but have no effects on left ventricular mass index. PMID:18661412

  18. Avaliao nutricional de pacientes submetidos hemodilise em centros de Belo Horizonte Nutritional assessment of patients undergoing hemodialysis at dialysis centers in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

    Glucia Thaise Coimbra de Oliveira

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O presente trabalho tem como objetivo caracterizar o estado nutricional de pacientes submetidos hemodilise em centros de dilise de Belo Horizonte por meio da Avaliao Global Subjetiva (AGS e associ-lo a variveis socioeconmicas, sociodemogrficas e clnicas. MTODOS: Foram avaliados 575 pacientes em 12 centros de dilise de Belo Horizonte. As variveis socioeconmicas, sociodemogrficas e clnicas foram coletadas em entrevistas por meio de questionrios especificamente desenvolvidos para tal. O modelo de regresso logstica foi utilizado para verificar o efeito ou influncia de cada varivel no estado nutricional. RESULTADOS: A prevalncia de desnutrio foi significante (19,5%. A populao avaliada apresentou, de modo geral, baixo nvel socioeconmico, acesso limitado aos servios de sade particulares, alta taxa de comorbidades associadas e recebimento de grande nmero de recomendaes nutricionais, no necessariamente adequadas. A idade > 60 anos, a renda igual ou inferior a um salrio mnimo, a presena de depresso e o fato de ser aposentado foram fatores de risco para desnutrio, de acordo com a anlise multivariada. CONCLUSO: A desnutrio prevalente entre pacientes submetidos a hemodilise. As diferenas nas caractersticas socioeconmicas, sociodemogrficas, gerais e clnicas podem ser utilizadas para identificar pacientes que demandam mais ateno, em termos de risco para desnutrio - nesse caso, os idosos, os aposentados, aqueles com depresso e com baixo nvel socioeconmico.OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the nutritional status of patients undergoing hemodialysis at dialysis centers in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil using the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA, and associate it with socioeconomic, demographic and clinical variables. METHODS: A total of 575 patients were evaluated at 12 dialysis centers in Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Socioeconomic, demographic, and clinical variables were gathered through interviews using a questionnaire specifically developed for this purpose. The logistic regression model was used to determine the effect or influence of each variable on the nutritional status. RESULTS: Malnutrition was significantly prevalent (19.5%. Generally, the study population had low socioeconomic status, limited access to private health services, high rate of comorbidities, and received a large number of dietary recommendations, which were not necessarily appropriate. According to multivariate analysis, the risk factors for malnutrition were age over 60 years, family income at or below one minimum wage, presence of depression, and retirement. CONCLUSION: Malnutrition is prevalent among patients undergoing hemodialysis. Differences in socioeconomic, demographic, clinical, and general characteristics can be used to identify patients who require more attention due to the risk of malnutrition, particularly in the elderly, retirees, and those with depression and low socioeconomic status.

  19. Population Pharmacokinetics of Meropenem in Critically Ill Patients Undergoing Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

    Isla, A; Rodriguez-Gascón, A. (Alicia); Troconiz, I.F. (Iñaki F.); Bueno, L.; Solinis, M.A. (María Ángeles); J. Maynar; Sanchez-Izquierdo, J.A. (José Ángel); Pedraz, J L

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Meropenem is a carbapenem antibacterial frequently prescribed for the treatment of severe infections in critically ill patients, including those receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). The objective of this study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic model of meropenem in critically ill patients undergoing CRRT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective, open-label study was conducted in 20 patients undergoing CRRT. Blood and dialysate-ultra...

  20. Barriers to and facilitators of care for hemodialysis patients; a qualitative study

    Nobahar, Monir; Tamadon, Mohammad Reza

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Patients undergoing hemodialysis require direct and continuous care. Identifying the barriers to and factors facilitating hemodialysis care can improve care quality. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the barriers and facilitators of care for hemodialysis patients. Patients and Methods: This study was conducted as a qualitative study and it utilized content analysis approach. The study was performed in hemodialysis ward of Kowsar hospital in Semnan, in 2014. We used purposive sampling method with maximum diversity. Semi-structured interviews with open questions were used to collect data from a total of 20 participants. Results: The main topic of health care challenges was divided into two main categories, including the facilitators and barriers of hemodialysis care. The facilitators of hemodialysis care had four subcategories, including "intimate relationship", "basic knowledge", "hemodialysis skills", and "experience". The category of barriers had eight subcategories, including "shortage of nurses and heavy workload", "weak authority of the head nurse", "ignorant director of nursing", "shortage of nephrologists", "lack of vascular surgery expert", "lack of nurse’s aide and nursing assistant ", "unskilled staffs", and "interference by patients’ caregivers". Conclusion: The findings of this study showed that access to human resources and their abilities were among the factors facilitating care. However, lack of qualified medical staff at each level of care delivery was one of the barriers to hemodialysis care. Hence, it is of great importance for policy makers, managers, and program designers to recruit human resources who have the characteristics and competencies required for providing hemodialysis care.

  1. Influence of Continuous Nursing on the Psychological State and Coping Style of Patients Undergoing Pacemaker Implantation

    Xin LIU

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Patients undergoing pacemaker implantation often experience anxiety and fear. As such, studies have focused on the mechanisms that relieve the negative emotions caused by the intervention. Continuous nursing is a safe and effective nursing mode. In this study, continuous nursing intervention was provided for elderly patients undergo-ing pacemaker implantation and an empirical investigation was performed to determine the effects of their negative emotion and disease-coping ability.Methods: Overall, 114 (68 males and 46 females elderly patients who were undergoing pacemaker implantation from Harbin City (China, were enrolled in the study. The patients were divided into two groups, namely, the control group and the intervention group, based on different nursing methods. Routine nursing was applied to the control group; continuous nursing support was provided for the intervention group from January 2014 to January 2015. The nursing results of the two groups were compared. These results were also evaluated using self-rating depression scale, self-rating anxiety scale, and trait coping style questionnaire.Result: The effects of depression and anxiety intervention were significant in the intervention group (P<0.05. Com-pared with the control group, the intervention group did not significantly differ. The coping style of the intervention group elicited significant effects. Compared with the control group, the intervention group was significantly different (P < 0.05.Conclusion: Continuous nursing can relieve the negative emotion and improve the negative coping style of patients undergoing pacemaker implantation.

  2. Impacto do hbito de jantar sobre o perfil diettico de pacientes em hemodilise / Effects of customary dinner on dietetical profile of patients undergoing hemodialysis

    Marcia Machado Cunha, Ribeiro; Melissa Luciana de, Arajo; Michele Pereira, Netto; Lucas Maciel, Cunha.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar os efeitos do comportamento alimentar, entre o hbito de jantar ou no jantar, no perfil de ingesto de macronutrientes e micronutrientes de pacientes com insuficincia renal crnica em hemodilise. MTODO: Estudo transversal em uma clnica de dilise de Belo Horizonte, em Minas G [...] erais. Participaram do estudo 90 pacientes em tratamento hemodialtico. Foram coletados dados pessoais, clnicos e dietticos (registro alimentar de trs dias). Foi considerado jantar uma refeio completa e no jantar a sua ausncia ou substituio por lanches. As estimativas das quantidades de nutrientes ingeridos foram feitas em software especfico Dietwin. RESULTADOS: Os valores de carboidrato, tiamina, riboflavina, cido ascrbico, clcio e selnio ingeridos no apresentaram diferena entre os grupos de pacientes que jantavam e no jantavam (p > 0,05). Os valores de ndice de Massa Corporal (IMC), energia, protena, lipdeos, niacina, cido pantotnico, piridoxina, cido flico, cobalamina, potssio, fsforo, zinco e magnsio ingeridos apresentaram diferena entre estes mesmos grupos (p Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: To assess the effects of the habit of having evening dinner on the dietary macro- and micronutrient profile of chronic kidney failure patients on hemodialysis. METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out at a dialysis clinic at the city of Belo Horizonte, state of Minas Gerais. The stud [...] y comprised 90 patients undergoing hemodialysis. Personal, clinical, and dietary (three-day food record) data were collected. The habit of having dinner was considered as having a complete evening meal, and the lack of that habit was considered as not having it or replacing it by a fast meal. The amounts of nutrient intake were estimated in the specific software Dietwin. RESULTS: The carbohydrate, thiamine, riboflavin, ascorbic acid, calcium, and selenium intake values showed no difference between the group having a complete evening meal and that not having it (p > 0.05). Both groups did not differ in the following: body mass index, and energy, protein, lipid, niacin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, folic acid, cobalamin, potassium, phosphorus, zinc, and magnesium intake values (p

  3. Peritonitis involving a Capnocytophaga sp. in a patient undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.

    Esteban, J.; Albalate, M.; C. Caramelo; Reyero, A; Carriazo, M A; Hernandez, J; A Ortiz; F. Soriano

    1995-01-01

    Capnocytophaga is a genus of gram-negative rods involved mainly in bacteremia in immunocompromised hosts. Here we report a case of Capnocytophaga peritonitis in a patient undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. The disease appeared as a superinfection during antimicrobial therapy of a previous episode of peritonitis.

  4. Effects of vitamin D3 on selected biochemical parameters of nutritional status, inflammation, and cardiovascular disease in patients undergoing long?term hemodialysis

    Anna Bednarek?Skublewska

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D3 has diverse biological effects extending beyond the maintenance of calcium and phosphorus homeostasis and ensuring the proper functioning of the body. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the levels of vitamin D3 and its association with nutritional status, immunological activity, and selected markers of cardiovascular disease in patients on long?term hemodialysis (HD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We measured 25?hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OHD3 levels in a group of 84 patients (mean age, 65 years; average time on dialysis, 32.5 months and investigated correlations between 25(OHD3 levels and the following parameters: albumin, body mass index, hemoglobin (Hb, interleukin 6 (IL?6, interleukin 10, C?reactive protein, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA, N?terminal pro?B?type natriuretic peptide (NT?proBNP, and comorbidity score. RESULTS: A mean 25(OHD3 level was 15.4 7.2 ng/ml and only 5% of patients had 25(OHD3 levels above the normal value of 30 ng/ml. There was no statistically significant difference in 25(OHD3 levels between women and men (P = 0.06. A negative correlation was observed between 25(OHD3 and IL?6 (R = 0.31, P = 0.009 and ADMA (R = 0.26, P = 0.03, as well as a positive correlation between 25(OHD3 and Hb (R= 0.21, P = 0.05. There was no association between 25(OHD3 levels and nutritional status. CONCLUSIONS: A significant vitamin D3 deficiency observed in the majority of patients undergoing long?term HD contributes to the development of chronic inflammation, anemia, and indirectly, to endothelial cell injury.

  5. Orthostatic hypotension during postoperative continuous thoracic epidural bupivacaine-morphine in patients undergoing abdominal surgery

    Crawford, M E; Møiniche, S; Orbæk, Janne; Bjerrum, H; Kehlet, H

    1996-01-01

    Fifty patients undergoing colonic surgery received combined thoracic epidural and general anesthesia followed by continuous epidural bupivacaine 0.25% and morphine 0.05 mg/mL, 4 mL/h, for 96 h postoperatively plus oral tenoxicam 20 mg daily. Heart rate (HR) and arterial blood pressure (BP) were...... postoperatively compared with preoperatively (P < or = 0.01). Epidural infusion was discontinued in three patients due to either persisting resting or orthostatic hypotension. There was no correlation between ASA classification, intraoperative bleeding, or postoperative dizziness and incidence of orthostatic...... hypotension. The results suggest that patients undergoing abdominal surgery and treated with continuous small-dose thoracic epidural bupivacaine-morphine are subjected to a decrease of BP at rest and during mobilization, but not to an extent that seriously impairs ambulation in most patients....

  6. Dysnatremia, its correction, and mortality in patients undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy: a prospective observational study

    Han, Seung Seok; Bae, Eunjin; Kim, Dong Ki; Kim, Yon Su; Han, Jin Suk; Joo, Kwon Wook

    2016-01-01

    Background Although dysnatremia has been reported to be correlated with mortality risk, this issue remains unresolved in patients undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). Furthermore, it has not been determined whether change in or correction of sodium is related to mortality risk in this subset. Methods A total of 569 patients were prospectively enrolled at the start of CRRT between May 2010 and September 2013. The patients were divided into 5 groups: normonatremia (135–145 mm...

  7. Age-related differences in the quality of life in end-stage renal disease in patients enrolled in hemodialysis or continuous peritoneal dialysis

    Laudański, Krzysztof; Nowak, Zbigniew; Niemczyk, Stanisław

    2013-01-01

    Background The aim of the present study was to compare the experience elderly and younger patients in terms of emotional status, disease perception, methods of coping with the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) stress, and health-related quality of life in 2 different settings of renal replacement therapy: hemodialysis (HD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis programs (CAPD). Specifically, we hypothesized that younger people will more frequently use goal-oriented strategies to cope with...

  8. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300 Latin American Variant in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis and HIV Infected in a Hospital in Bogotá, Colombia

    Hidalgo, Marylin; Carvajal, Lina P.; Rincón, Sandra; Faccini-Martínez, Álvaro A.; Tres Palacios, Alba A.; Mercado, Marcela; Palomá, Sandra L.; Rayo, Leidy X.; Acevedo, Jessica A.; Reyes, Jinnethe; Panesso, Diana; García-Padilla, Paola; Alvarez, Carlos; Arias, Cesar A.

    2015-01-01

    We aimed to determine the prevalence of MRSA colonization and examine the molecular characteristics of colonizing isolates in patients receiving hemodialysis and HIV-infected in a Colombian hospital. Patients on hemodialysis and HIV-infected were prospectively followed between July 2011 and June 2012 in Bogota, Colombia. Nasal and axillary swabs were obtained and cultured. Colonizing S. aureus isolates were identified by standard and molecular techniques. Molecular typing was performed by using pulse-field gel electrophoresis and evaluating the presence of lukF-PV/lukS-PV by PCR. A total of 29% (n = 82) of HIV-infected and 45.5% (n = 15) of patients on hemodialysis exhibited S. aureus colonization. MSSA/MRSA colonization was observed in 28% and 3.6% of the HIV patients, respectively and in 42.4% and 13.3% of the hemodialysis patients, respectively. Staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec typing showed that four MRSA isolates harbored the type IV cassette, and one type I. In the hemodialysis group, two MRSA isolates were classified as belonging to the USA300-LV genetic lineage. Conversely, in the HIV infected group, no colonizing isolates belonging to the USA300-Latin American Variant (UDA300-LV) lineage were identified. Colonizing isolates recovered from the HIV-infected group belonged to the prevalent hospital-associated clones circulating in Latin America (Chilean [n = 1] and Pediatric [n = 2]). The prevalence of MRSA colonization in the study groups was 3.6% (HIV) and 13.3% (hemodialysis). Surveillance programs should be implemented in this group of patients in order to understand the dynamics of colonization and infection in high-risk patients. PMID:26474075

  9. Patent Processus Vaginalis in Patients Undergoing continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis - Two Cases Confirmed by Radionuclide Peritoneal Scintiscan -

    Lee, Jae Tae; Son, Sang Kyun; Lee, Kyu Bo; Whang, Kee Suk; Cho, Dong Kyu; Koh, Chul Woo [Kyungpook National University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    1989-07-15

    Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is a well established method of treating end stage renal failure, and is commonly used as an alternative to hemodialysis. Several complications have been observed. These include catheter malfunction, abdominal and inguinal hernia, and peritonitis. A relatively frequent complication is swelling of external genitalia, due to bowel fluid passing through a patent processus vaginalis. Special diagnostic procedures are necessary to determine the nature of the abnormality and to guide the surgical correction. We reported two cases of patent processus vaginalis in patient on CAPD proved by radionuclide peritonea scintiscan using {sup 99m}Tc-tin colloid.

  10. Patent Processus Vaginalis in Patients Undergoing continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis - Two Cases Confirmed by Radionuclide Peritoneal Scintiscan -

    Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is a well established method of treating end stage renal failure, and is commonly used as an alternative to hemodialysis. Several complications have been observed. These include catheter malfunction, abdominal and inguinal hernia, and peritonitis. A relatively frequent complication is swelling of external genitalia, due to bowel fluid passing through a patent processus vaginalis. Special diagnostic procedures are necessary to determine the nature of the abnormality and to guide the surgical correction. We reported two cases of patent processus vaginalis in patient on CAPD proved by radionuclide peritonea scintiscan using 99mTc-tin colloid.

  11. Abnormal electrical stimulus of an intra-aortic balloon pump with concurrent support with continuous veno-venous hemodialysis.

    Sakiewicz, P G; Wright, E; Robinson, O; Mercer, R; Kickel, K; Paganini, E P

    2000-01-01

    Malfunction of electronic medical support apparatus utilized in the ICU usually causes system failure. We report several occurrences of a potentially dangerous interaction between a continuous veno-venous hemodialysis (CVVHD) system and an intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) counterpulsation device in four patients requiring both systems. The patients had acute renal failure in the face of multi-organ failure and were dependent upon the balloon pump for pressure support. Electrical interference created by the roller pump action of the CVVHD system was identified by the balloon pump as cardiac in origin, and it responded by inflation and deflation. As the blood pump rate was reduced, the interference reduced to the point of complete cessation when the blood pump was shut down. Whereas one patient transiently had a significant drop of mean arterial pressure (from 70 +/- 4 to 40 +/- 2 mm Hg) the other observed occurrences had no clinically significant sequelae. Electrocardiogram (ECG) tracings identified the abnormal stimulus and systematic review identified as potential sources for the creation of this interference static electricity buildup, piezoelectric properties of the polyvinyl chloride tubing, and, possibly but less likely, radiofrequency interference. A newer generation ECG cable and advanced cardiac rhythm recognition software (CardioSync) have been introduced with the Datascope System 98, and the ECG interference, although still occasionally present, does not cause erratic inflation and deflation of the intra-aortic balloon pump. Interference between different electrical support systems may occur, and we suggest that the systems be tested for compatibility before combined use and that older equipment be more rigorously tested for potential clinically significant interference. PMID:10667733

  12. Chronic Inflammation Increases Risk in Hemodialysis Patients

    Razeghi Effat; Omati Homeira; Maziar Sima; Khashayar Patricia; Mahdavi-Mazdeh Mitra

    2008-01-01

    Chronic inflammation is the cause of malnutrition and cardiovascular disease in hemodialysis patients. The purpose of this study was to assess C Reactive Protein (CRP) as an inflammatory marker and to define the relationship between CRP and other inflammatory and nutritional factors in this group of patients. One hundred and fourteen hemodialysis patients undergoing chronic dialysis (3 times a week for at least 4 hours) in two hemodialysis centers were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. ...

  13. Acute effect of hemodialysis on arterial elasticity

    Sa?, Saim; YE??LBURSA, Dilek; Abdulmecit YILDIZ; Kamil D?LEK; ?entrk, Tunay; SERDAR, Osman Ak?n; Aydinlar, Ali

    2015-01-01

    Reduced arterial elasticity is an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Hemodialysis (HD) treatment per se can bring additional risk factors for vascular disease. Our study was designed to determine whether a single hemodialysis session leads to an acute alteration in parameters of arterial elasticity in ESRD. Materials and methods: In this study, 58 patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis and 29 healthy controls were enrolled. L...

  14. Indirect effector mechanisms on antibodies in hemodialysis patients

    Koch, Till Jakob

    2015-01-01

    Patients suffering from chronic kidney failure undergoing regular hemodialysis (DP) have been shown to suffer from increased incidence of solid tumors (e.g. colorectal carcinoma), which indicates a reduced immune status. At the same time, their immune system is constantly activated to a state of slight inflammation, likely due to the continuous interaction of leukocytes with the foreign surface of the dialysis filters. In the last decades, several novel antibody drugs have been approved for t...

  15. Helicobacter Pylori IgG Antibodies in Association with Secondary Hyperparathyroidism in End-stage Renal Failure Patients Undergoing Regular Hemodialysis

    Hamid Nasri

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of present study was the assessment of relationships between PTH abnormalities and the parameter of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori infection as expressed by concentration of IgG antibodies against H. pylori. The study was carried out on 44 (F = 17, M = 27 stable hemodialysis (HD patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms. A significant positive correlations of H. pylori IgG antibody titers with serum iPTH and phosphorus also a significant inverse correlation of H. pylori IgG antibody titers with serum alkalin phosphatase was found. It is known that hyperparathyroidism is connected with stimulation of gastrin synthesis as well with increased acidity of gastric juice. Hypergastrinaemia induced stimulation of gastrin synthesis and resultant increased acidity of gastric juice could intensify the H. pylori infection in hemodialysis patients. We strongly propose to more study on the association of secondary hyperparathyroidism with H. pylori infection, because both dyspeptic symptoms and secondary hyperparathyroidism are quite common in chronic hemodialysis patients and in the meantime needs more attention toward control of high levels of parathormone in HD patients.

  16. Scintigraphic diagnosis of infectious complications in renal failure patients undergoing hemodialysis, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis or renal transplant

    Garcia Vicente, Ana Maria; Ruiz Solis, Sebastian; Soriano Castrejon, Angel; Poblete Garcia, Victor Manuel; Talavera Rubio, Maria del Prado; Rodado Marina, Sonia; Cortes Romera, Montserrat [Ciudad Real General Hospital (Spain). Dept. of Nuclear Medicine

    2005-10-15

    Patients with end-stage renal disease have two therapeutic options, dialysis and renal transplantation. Infectious complications occurring in such patients will not only condition the effectiveness of such treatments, but are among the main causes of morbidity and mortality in such cases. Knowledge of the advantages and limitations of nuclear techniques is essential for management of these conditions. (author)

  17. Scintigraphic diagnosis of infectious complications in renal failure patients undergoing hemodialysis, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis or renal transplant

    Patients with end-stage renal disease have two therapeutic options, dialysis and renal transplantation. Infectious complications occurring in such patients will not only condition the effectiveness of such treatments, but are among the main causes of morbidity and mortality in such cases. Knowledge of the advantages and limitations of nuclear techniques is essential for management of these conditions. (author)

  18. Aluminum concentrations in serum, dialysate, urine and bone among patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)

    Joffe, P; Olsen, F; Heaf, J G; Gammelgaard, Bente; Pödenphant, J

    1989-01-01

    dialysate was observed in all patients (-44.0 +/- 28.8 micrograms/24 h). There was a highly significant correlation between peritoneal Al MT and serum Al (p less than 0.001), actual Al consumption (p less than 0.05) and bone Al concentration (p less than 0.005) supporting the existence of an overflow...... phenomenon. Despite very low Al levels in the dialysate, patients are at risk of elevated Al levels in the serum, dialysate, urine and bone because of consumption of Al-containing phosphate binders.......Aluminum (Al) concentration in serum, urine, and dialysate was estimated in 21 patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). In 12 of the patients bone Al concentration was measured as well. Mean serum Al level was 32.4 +/- 21.0 micrograms/l. The Al concentrations in the...

  19. Clinical study of cerebral infarction in hemodialysis patients

    Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in patients undergoing chronic dialysis. However, few clinical studies have so far examined stroke, especially brain infarction, under such conditions. We retrospectively evaluated the clinical features and risk factors for brain infarction in 33 patients undergoing hemodialysis (hemodialysis, 29 patients; continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis, 4 patients; male:female ratio, 25:8) between May 2003 and August 2006. The mean age was 68.5±10.9 (mean±standard deviation (SD)) years. The basal renal diseases were chronic glomerulonephritis (n=16), diabetes mellitus (n=10) and other diseases (n=7). The mean duration of maintenance dialysis before the onset of stroke was 5.6±5.2 years. All 33 patients developed brain infarction, including the atherothrombotic (n=13), lacunar (n=9) and cardioembolic (n=11) types. The complications included a high frequency of hypertension (79%) in all groups, diabetes mellitus (36%) and atrial fibrillation (21%). Four of the patients, 2 with lacunar and 2 with atherothrombotic infarction, developed brain infarction within 3 hours after hemodialysis. Hemodynamic changes might have caused the infarction in these patients. The proportion of patients with a modified Rankin Scale grade of 4-6 at discharge was 42%, and the mortality rate was high (15%). The prognosis of brain infarction was poorer in patients with hemodialysis than in those without. (author)

  20. Helicobacter Pylori IgG Antibodies in Association with Secondary Hyperparathyroidism in End-stage Renal Failure Patients Undergoing Regular Hemodialysis

    Hamid Nasri; Azar Baradaran

    2006-01-01

    The aim of present study was the assessment of relationships between PTH abnormalities and the parameter of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection as expressed by concentration of IgG antibodies against H. pylori. The study was carried out on 44 (F = 17, M = 27) stable hemodialysis (HD) patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms. A significant positive correlations of H. pylori IgG antibody titers with serum iPTH and phosphorus also a significant inverse correlation of H. pylori IgG ant...

  1. Dissecting aortic aneurysm in maintenance hemodialysis patients

    Ounissi M

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The dissecting aortic aneurysm (DAA is a rare pathology that may result in fatal outcome. We report follow up of three cases of DAA patients undergoing maintenance hemo-dialysis who were managed conservatively.

  2. HEMODIALYSIS MEMBRANES: PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE TRENDS

    Gautham A

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Renal failure is one of the major health problems faced by many people all over the world. These patients choose either transplantation procedure or undergo hemodialysis. Approximately 28% people suffer from renal failures worldwide, among which a quarter are very critical. Patients who opt for hemodialysis have to undergo it regularly. The membranes used in hemodialysis are very vital. The first ever polymer used asan artificial hemodialysis membrane was collodion, which is a derivative of cellulose- trinitrate. This was the leading element for further research and applications in this field. Later collodion was replaced by cellophane and cuprophane since they had better performance and mechanical stability than the collodion. The major disadvantage of this was their less hemocompatiblity as they were made from unmodified cellulose. Nowadays the modified cellulose membrane comes with high-flux modification and thus very effective in many therapy like the hemodiafiltration and the hemofiltration. The success of hemodialysis is highly dependent on the membrane used.

  3. Validity and reliability of short form-12 questionnaire in Iranian hemodialysis patients

    Pakpour, Amir H.; Nourozi, Saeedeh; Mølsted, Stig; Harrison, Adrian Paul; Nourozi, Khadije; Fridlund, Bengt

    2011-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess the validity and reliability of the SF-12 questionnaire in a sample of Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-four hemodialysis patients were included from dialysis centers in Zanjan, Iran, and were...... shorter version of the SF-36 questionnaire in future studies involving Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis....

  4. Home hemodialysis

    Agar, John W; Perkins, Anthony; Heaf, James G

    We describe the infrastructure that is necessary for hemodialysis in the home focusing on physical requirements, the organization of plumbing and water, and the key features that should guide the selection of machines that are suitable for home use.......We describe the infrastructure that is necessary for hemodialysis in the home focusing on physical requirements, the organization of plumbing and water, and the key features that should guide the selection of machines that are suitable for home use....

  5. Cutaneous Manifestations in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease on Maintenance Hemodialysis

    Praveen Kumar Kolla; Madhav Desai; Ram Mohan Pathapati; Mastan Valli, B.; Suneetha Pentyala; Madhusudhan Reddy, G.; A. Vijaya Mohan Rao

    2012-01-01

    Cutaneous disorders can precede or follow the initiation of hemodialysis treatment. We evaluated the prevalence of various dermatological manifestations in patients undergoing hemodialysis at least twice a week for minimum of three months at our center. Patients were excluded if they were undergoing hemodialysis less than twice a week or on hemodialysis secondary to ESRD following graft dysfunction. One hundred and forty-three patients were evaluated. Among them, there were 113 male and 30 fe...

  6. Original paper Helicobacter pylori IgG antibodies in association with secondary hyperparathyroidism in end-stage renal failure patients undergoing regular hemodialysis

    Azar Baradaran

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori has been shown to play an important role in the development of gastritis and gastric ulcer. Excess parathyroid hormone (PTH has long been considered detrimental to the health of patients with end-stage renal disease. PTH has been implicated as a multisystem uremic toxin, and hyperparathyroidism can be a debilitating complication in dialyzed patients. The aim of our study was the assessment of relationships between PTH abnormalities and concentration of IgG antibodies against H. pylori. The study included 44 (F=17, M=27 stable hemodialysis (HD patients with upper gastrointestinal symptoms. Significant positive correlations between H. pylori IgG antibody titers with serum iPTH and phosphorus and significant inverse correlation of H. Pylori IgG antibody titers with serum alkalin phosphatase were found. Hyperparathyroidism is related with stimulation of gastrin synthesis as well with increased acidity of gastric juice. Hypergastrinaemia induced stimulation of gastrin synthesis and resultant increased acidity of gastric juice could intensify the H. pylori infection in HD patients. Further studies on the association of secondary hyperparathyroidism with helicobacter pylori infection are necessary, because both dyspeptic symptoms and secondary hyperparathyroidism are quite common in HD patients and in the meantime, more attention toward control of high levels of parathormone in HD patients is needed.

  7. 21 CFR 876.5665 - Water purification system for hemodialysis.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Water purification system for hemodialysis. 876... SERVICES (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5665 Water purification system for hemodialysis. (a) Identification. A water purification system for hemodialysis is...

  8. 21 CFR 876.5820 - Hemodialysis system and accessories.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Hemodialysis system and accessories. 876.5820... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES GASTROENTEROLOGY-UROLOGY DEVICES Therapeutic Devices § 876.5820 Hemodialysis system and accessories. (a) Identification. A hemodialysis system and accessories is a device that...

  9. Anti-Brucella Antibodies in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients

    Esmaeli H

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background and objective: Brucellosis is a zoonosis that can affect all the systems and organs in the body. Although brucellae have been recovered from the urine of patients with brucellosis, renal involvement appears to be uncommon. In this study, anti brucella antibodies were investigated among hemodialysis patients of Qom. Material & methods: Blood samples were obtained from 200 patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis in Kamkar Hospital, Qom city. All serum samples were tested by rose Bengal initially. Positive Samples in this test were examined by writing tests, 2 mercaptoethanol (2-ME and Coombs. Results: In this study, the Rose Bengal test of 6 patients (3 male and 3 female of these 200 patients, were positive. Wright and Coombs test was positive for 5 patients. Conclusion: Considering the significant prevalence of the disease in the country, especially in endemic areas, it is suggested further research in this area continues.

  10. Depression in hemodialysis patients

    To measure the frequency of depression and its risk factors in patients under going hemodialysis. It is a cross-sectional prospective study conducted at Hemodialysis unit of Shalamar Hospital and Shaikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore from 1/sup st/ January 2006 to 30/sup th/ April 2006. All patients getting regular hemodialysis for more than three months were included. Beck's Depression Inventory- II (BDI-II; adapted in Urdu) was administered on all the patients who were able to read or understand it. Blood sample were drawn at the same time for routine hematological, biochemical parameters and viral markers (Anti HCV and HbsAg). Diagnosis was made as per Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM IV) for correlation of psychological variables with clinical, hematological and biochemical parameters. Eighty nine patients were enrolled which included fifty two (58.4%) were male and seventy seven (86.5%) were married. Major causes of renal failure were diabetes, hypertension and chronic glomerulonephrotis. Duration of dialysis was from 03 to 49 months with mean of 19.64 +- 11.7 months. Severity of depression was categorized in to mild, moderate and severe on the basis of BDI score. Majority of the patients fifty (56.1%) were moderately to severely depressed and there was no gender difference in the prevalence of depression. Majority of patients undergoing hemodialysis were depressed. Major risk factors for depression were marital status, illiteracy, number of children, socioeconomic factors, gender, hypertension and hypoalbuminemia. Patients with anemia, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia had suicidal tendency. Patients with hepatitis C and disturbed liver function have strong correlation with psychological parameters. (author)

  11. Thrombocytopenia in the Setting of Hemodialysis Using Biocompatible Membranes

    Kathryn B. Muir; Packer, Clifford D

    2012-01-01

    Thrombocytopenia is a known potential side effect of hemodialysis, however, it is rarely seen in patients who undergo hemodialysis using biocompatible membranes. This case demonstrates hemodialysis-associated thrombocytopenia with use of biocompatible dialysis membranes that expose blood directly to polysulfone. The thrombocytopenia resolved in this patient when the dialysis membrane was changed to a biocompatible model with a polyethylene glycol barrier layer preventing direct interaction be...

  12. Bio-radiotherapy with cetuximab in a patient with the oropharyngeal cancer in hemodialysis

    We present the case of a 52-year old man undergoing hemodialysis, with the oropharyngeal cancer. Undergoing hemodialysis three times a week, he received bio-radiotherapy (BRT) with cetuximab. He tolerated treatment well with acute adverse effects which were dermatitis and skin rash and so on. We reported it because this is a rare case of BRT with cetuximab in a patient undergoing hemodialysis. (author)

  13. The Language of Coping: Understanding Filipino Geriatric Patients' Hemodialysis Lived Experiences

    de Guzman, Allan B.; Chy, Mark Anthony S.; Concepcion, April Faye P.; Conferido, Alvin John C.; Coretico, Kristine I.

    2009-01-01

    The majority of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. Hemodialysis is a process of removing metabolic waste, other poisons, and excess fluids from the blood and replacing essential blood constituents through a dialysis machine. With hemodialysis causing stress not only to physical status but also to…

  14. The adaptation problems of patients undergoing hemodialysis: socio-economic and clinical aspects / Problemas adaptativos de pacientes en hemodilisis: aspectos socioeconmicos y clnicos / Problemas adaptativos de pacientes em hemodilise: aspectos socioeconmicos e clnicos

    Ceclia Maria Farias de Queiroz, Frazo; Jssica Dantas de, S; Ana Beatriz de Almeida, Medeiros; Maria Isabel da Conceio Dias, Fernandes; Ana Luisa Brando de Carvalho, Lira; Marcos Vencios de Oliveira, Lopes.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: identificar os problemas adaptativos de Roy em pacientes submetidos a hemodilise e correlacion-los aos aspectos socioeconmicos e clnicos. MTODO: estudo transversal, realizado atravs de um formulrio. A amostra foi de 178 indivduos. Efetuaram-se os testes qui-quadrado e U de M [...] ann-Whitney. RESULTADOS: os problemas adaptativos e os aspectos socioeconmicos e clnicos que apresentaram associaes estatsticas foram: hipercalemia e idade; edema e renda; deficincia de um sentido primrio: ttil e renda; falha no papel e idade; disfuno sexual e estado civil e sexo; deficincia de um sentido primrio: viso e anos de estudo; intolerncia atividade e anos de estudo; dor crnica e sexo e anos de estudo; integridade da pele prejudicada e idade; hipocalcemia e acesso; potencial para leso e idade e anos de estudo; nutrio menor que as necessidades do organismo e idade; deficincia de um sentido primrio: audio e sexo e avaliao cintica da ureia; mobilidade andar e/ou coordenao restritas e meses de hemodilise e perda de habilidade de autocuidado e meses de hemodilise e meses de doena. CONCLUSO: problemas adaptativos da clientela hemodialtica podem sofrer influncias de dados socioeconmicos/clnicos. Tais achados contribuem para o desenvolvimento da profisso, proporcionando reflexo por parte do enfermeiro acerca do cuidado. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVOS: identificar los problemas adaptativos de Roy en pacientes sometidos a hemodilisis y correlacionarlos a los aspectos socioeconmicos y clnicos. MTODO: estudio transversal, realizado a travs de un formulario. La muestra fue de 178 individuos. Se efectuaron las pruebas Chi-cuadrado [...] y U de Mann-Whitney. RESULTADOS: los problemas adaptativos y los aspectos socioeconmicos y clnicos que presentaron asociaciones estadsticas fueron: Hiperkalemia y edad; Edema y renta; Deficiencia de un sentido primario: tctil y renta; Fracaso en el papel y edad; Disfuncin sexual y estado civil y sexo; Deficiencia de un sentido primario: visin y aos de estudio; Intolerancia a la actividad y aos de estudio; Dolor crnico y sexo y aos de estudio; Integridad de la piel perjudicada y edad; Hipocalcemia y acceso; Potencial para lesin y edad y aos de estudio; Nutricin menor que las necesidades del organismo y edad; Deficiencia de un sentido primario: audicin y sexo y evaluacin cintica de la urea; Movilidad andar y/o coordinacin restringidas y meses de hemodilisis; y, Prdida de habilidad de autocuidado y meses de hemodilisis y meses de enfermedad. CONCLUSIN: los problemas adaptativos de la clientela hemodialtica pueden sufrir influencias de datos socioeconmicos/clnicos. Esos hallazgos contribuyen para el desarrollo de la profesin, permitiendo la reflexin del enfermero acerca del cuidado. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: to identify adaptation problems under Roy's Model in patients undergoing hemodialysis and to correlate them with the socioeconomic and clinical aspects. METHOD: a transversal study, undertaken using a questionnaire. The sample was made up of 178 individuals. The Chi-squared and Man [...] n-Whitney U tests were undertaken. RESULTS: the adaptation problems and the socioeconomic and clinical aspects which presented statistical associations were: Hyperkalemia and age; Edema and income; Impairment of a primary sense: touch and income; Role failure and age; Sexual dysfunction and marital status and sex; Impairment of a primary sense: vision and years of education; Intolerance to activity and years of education; Chronic pain and sex and years of education; Impaired skin integrity and age: Hypocalcemia and access; Potential for injury and age and years of education; Nutrition below the organism's requirements and age; Impairment of a primary sense: hearing and sex and kinetic evaluation of urea; Mobility in gait and/or coordination restricted, and months of hemodialysis; and, Loss of ability for self-care, and months of hemodialysis and

  15. Transcriptome changes in STSV2-infected Sulfolobus islandicus REY15A undergoing continuous CRISPR spacer acquisition

    León-Sobrino, Carlos; Kot, Witold P; Garrett, Roger A

    2016-01-01

    transposases were unchanged or enhanced. Antisense RNAs were implicated in the transcriptional regulation of adaptation and interference modules of the type I-A CRISPR-Cas system and evidence was found for the occurrence of functional coordination between the single CRISPR-Cas adaptation module and the......A transcriptome study was performed on Sulfolobus islandicus REY15A actively undergoing CRISPR spacer acquisition from the crenarchaeal monocaudavirus STSV2 in rich and basal media over a 6 day period. Spacer acquisition preceded strong host growth retardation, altered transcriptional activity of...... four different CRISPR-Cas modules and changes in viral copy numbers, and with significant differences in the two media. Transcript levels of proteins involved in the cell cycle were reduced, while those of DNA replication, DNA repair, transcriptional regulation, and some antitoxin-toxin pairs and...

  16. Transcriptome changes in STSV2-infected Sulfolobus islandicus REY15A undergoing continuous CRISPR spacer acquisition

    León Sobrino, Carlos; Kot, W.P.; Garrett, Roger Antony

    2015-01-01

    transposases were unchanged or enhanced. Antisense RNAs were implicated in the transcriptional regulation of adaptation and interference modules of the type I-A CRISPR-Cas system and evidence was found for the occurrence of functional coordination between the single CRISPR-Cas adaptation module and the......A transcriptome study was performed on Sulfolobus islandicus REY15A actively undergoing CRISPR spacer acquisition from the crenarchaeal monocaudavirus STSV2 in rich and basal media over a 6 day period. Spacer acquisition preceded strong host growth retardation, altered transcriptional activity of...... four different CRISPR-Cas modules and changes in viral copy numbers, and with significant differences in the two media. Transcript levels of proteins involved in the cell cycle were reduced, while those of DNA replication, DNA repair, transcriptional regulation, and some antitoxin-toxin pairs and...

  17. Effect of cryotherapy on arteriovenous fistula puncture-related pain in hemodialysis patients

    P. B., Sabitha; Khakha, D. C.; Mahajan, S; Gupta, S.; M. Agarwal; Yadav, S. L.

    2008-01-01

    Pain during areteriovenous fistula (AVF) cannulation remains a common problem in hemodialysis (HD) patients. This study was undertaken to assess the effect of cryotherapy on pain due to arteriovenous fistula puncture in hemodialysis patients. A convenience sample of 60 patients (30 each in experimental and control groups) who were undergoing hemodialysis by using AVF, was assessed in a randomized control trial. Hemodialysis patients who met the inclusion criteria, were randomly assigned to ex...

  18. Optimal Nutrition in Hemodialysis Patients

    Ikizler, T Alp

    2013-01-01

    Protein energy wasting (PEW) is highly prevalent in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. Importantly, there is a robust association between the extent of PEW and the risk of hospitalization and death in these patients, regardless of the nutritional marker used. The multiple etiologies of PEW in advanced kidney disease are still being elucidated. Apart from the multiple mechanisms that might lead to PEW, it appears that the common pathway for all the derangements is rel...

  19. Influence of ACE I/D Polymorphism on Circulating Levels of Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1, D-Dimer, Ultrasensitive C-Reactive Protein and Transforming Growth Factor β1 in Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis

    de Carvalho, Sara Santos; Simões e Silva, Ana Cristina; Sabino, Adriano de Paula; Evangelista, Fernanda Cristina Gontijo; Gomes, Karina Braga; Dusse, Luci Maria SantAna; Rios, Danyelle Romana Alves

    2016-01-01

    Background There is substantial evidence that chronic renal and cardiovascular diseases are associated with coagulation disorders, endothelial dysfunction, inflammation and fibrosis. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Insertion/Deletion polymorphism (ACE I/D polymorphism) has also be linked to cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, this study aimed to compare plasma levels of ultrassensible C-reactive protein (usCRP), PAI-1, D-dimer and TGF-β1 in patients undergoing HD with different ACE I/D polymorphisms. Methods The study was performed in 138 patients at ESRD under hemodialysis therapy for more than six months. The patients were divided into three groups according to the genotype. Genomic DNA was extracted from blood cells (leukocytes). ACE I/D polymorphism was investigated by single polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Plasma levels of D-dimer, PAI-1 and TGF-β1 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the determination of plasma levels of usCRP was performed by immunonephelometry. Data were analyzed by the software SigmaStat 2.03. Results Clinical characteristics were similar in patients with these three ACE I/D polymorphisms, except for interdialytic weight gain. I allele could be associated with higher interdialytic weight gain (P = 0.017). Patients genotyped as DD and as ID had significantly higher levels of PAI-1 than those with II genotype. Other laboratory parameters did not significantly differ among the three subgroups (P = 0.033). Despite not reaching statistical significance, plasma levels of usCRP were higher in patients carrying the D allele. Conclusion ACE I/D polymorphisms could be associated with changes in the regulation of sodium, fibrinolytic system, and possibly, inflammation. Our data showed that high levels of PAI-1 are detected when D allele is present, whereas greater interdialytic gain is associated with the presence of I allele. However, further studies with different experimental designs are necessary to elucidate the mechanisms involved in these associations. PMID:27022914

  20. Combined peritoneography and computerized tomography for evaluating abdominal complications in patients undergoing continuous peritoneal dialysis

    Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) is a generally well-tolerated treatment. However, some patients exhibit such complications as to prevent the continuation of treatment. Peritonitis is the major problem, but the continuation of treatment may also be undermined by different complications, such as peritoneal leakage, hernia, catheter malfunctioning, and scrotal-penile edema; a careful investigation of the patient is always needed in such cases. From November 1985 to February 1990, we examined 20 patients, who had presented with different types of complications in the course of dialysis. Peritoneography demonstrated 3 cases of abdominal hernias, 2 cases of patency of the peritoneal-vaginal duct, and 2 cases of catheter obstruction. Peritoneal CT allowed the identification of leakage in 3 patients, while the combined use of the two techniques showed adhesions or pathologic peritoneal recesses in 7 cases. In 3 patients normal patterns were observed. Peritoneography, especially if combined with CT, can carry out a double function, that is in both the screening and choice of the subjects to the destine to peritoneal dialysis, and in therapeutics, to evaluate complications. Moreover, the technique is extremely reliable thanks to both its simple execution and lack of disadvantages

  1. Accuracy of continuous central venous oxygen saturation monitoring in patients undergoing cardiac surgery

    Baulig, W; Dullenkopf, A; Kobler, A; Baulig, B; Roth, H R; Schmid, E R

    2008-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Continuous assessment of central venous oxygen saturation (S(cevox)O(2)) with the CeVOX device (Pulsion Medical Systems, Munich, Germany) was evaluated against central venous oxygen saturation (S(cv)O(2)) determined by co-oximetry. METHODS: In 20 cardiac surgical patients, a CeVOX fiberoptic probe was introduced into a standard central venous catheter placed in the right internal jugular vein and advanced 2-3 cm beyond the catheter tip. After in vivo calibration of the probe, S(cev...

  2. Life Quality of Hemodialysis Patients

    Noorallah Tahery

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Patients with chronic and advanced kidney failure undergo hemodialysis treatment and because of various drug therapies have basic problems in their life style which affects their psychosocial operation. The purpose of this study was to determine the hemodialysis patients’ quality of life in Abadan and Khorramshahr in 2011. Methods: This is a cross - sectional study in which all patients (80 cases referring to Abadan and Khorramshahr hemodialysis clinics completed a questionnaire which included two sections of demographic data and kidney diseases quality of life (KDQOL. Data analysis was done using SPSS-17 software and statistical tests such as ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and Independent T test were used. Results: The mean score of life quality of the participants was 47.22 ± 8.82 which indicates their low quality of life. Result showed that between quality of life and age (P = 0.04 & r = 0.5 and ESRD patience period (P=0.03 & r= 0.23, there exists a statistically significant relationship. A positive and significant association was also observed between education and quality of life (p= 0.003 and between income level and quality of life (P<0.0001. Conclusion: Life quality of Hemodialysis patients is low and authorities need to provide these patients with more social support and see into their welfare.

  3. Correlation between dialysis solution type and cardiovascular morbidity rate in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis

    Stanković-Popović Verica

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Peritoneal dialysis (PD patients have an increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the study was to evaluate the cardiovascular changes in patients undergoing chronic PD and the eventual existing differences depending on biocompatibility of dialysis solutions. Methods. After 3±2 years of starting PD, 21 PD patients on the treatment with bioincompatible dialysis solutions (conventional glucose- based solutions: PDP-1, average age 47.43±12.87 years, and 21 PD patients on the treatment with biocompatible dialysis solutions (neutral solutions with lower level of glucose degradation products, lower concentration of Ca2+ and neutral pH: PDP-2, average age 68.62±13.98 years, participated in the longitudinal study. The average number of episodes of peritonitis was similare in both groups: 1 episode per 36 months of the treatment. The control group included 21 patients with preterminal phase of chronic renal failure (Glomerular Filtration Rate: 22.19±10.73 ml/min, average age 65.29± 13.74 years. All the patients underwent transthoracal echocardiography (in order to detect: eject fraction (EF, left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH, and valvular calcification (VC and B-mode ultrasonography of common carotid artery (CCA: IMT, lumen narrowing, and plaque detection. Results. The values of EF were: in PDP-1 group 62.05±5.65%, in PDP-2 group 53.43±7.47%, and in the control group 56.71±8.12% (Bonferroni test, p = 0.001. The recorded LVH was: in PDP-1 group in 47.6% of the patients; in PDP-2 group in 61.9% of the patients; and in control the group in 52.4% (χ2 test; p = 0.639. The detected VC was: in PDP-1 in 52.4% of the patients, in PDP-2 group in 42.9% of the patients, and in the control group in 23.8% of the patients (χ2 test; p = 0.776. The IMT was: in PDP-1 group 1.26±0.54 mm, in PDP-2 group 1.23±0.32, and in the control group 1.25±0.27 mm (Bonferroni test; p = 0.981. An average lumen narrowing was: in PDP-1 group 13.78±18.26%, in PDP-2 group 18.57±22.98%, and in the control group 25.00±28.02% (Kruskal Wallis test; p = 0.413. Calcified plaques of CCA were detected in PDP-1 group in 61.9% of the patients, in PDP-2 group in 85.7%, of the patients and in the control group in 81% of the patients (χ2 test; p = 0.159. Conclusion. Generally, PD had a significant influence on cardiovascular morbidity in the treated patients, especially on the left ventricular function and peripherial atherosclerosis. The age of the patients had more influence on acceleration of atherosclerosis than the length of dialysis or biocompatibility of dialysis solutions.

  4. Headache associated with hemodialysis

    Niki? Petar M.

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION Hemodialysis (HD is one of the most accessible methods for the treatment of the growing number of patients suffering from terminal-stage renal insufficiency. Although headache is the most frequently encountered neurological symptom during HD, there are few studies reporting its prevalence and clinical features. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine the frequency, demographic and clinical features of headache during HD, and to compare these parameters among patients with and without headache. METHOD The study involved 126 patients (48 female and 78 male with chronic renal failure on regular HD for at least six months, at the Dialysis Unit of Nephrology Department, Kruevac. All patients were inquired about their possible problems with headache using the standardized questionnaire designed according to the diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Classification of Headache Disorders, second edition, published in 2004 (ICHD-II. Subsequently, the patients were clinically evaluated and patients with headaches were further sub classified by a neurologist with special interest in headache disorders. Patients with headache were compared to the patients without headache regarding age, sex, duration of HD, causes of end-stage renal disease, arterial diastolic and systolic blood pressure, and serum values of the most important blood parameters such as sodium, potassium, urea and creatinine. In the group of patients with headache we analyzed the characteristics of specific headache type according to ICHD-II classification. We also analyzed the most important clinical features of hemodialysis headache (HDH. RESULTS In the group of 126 evaluated patients, 41 (32.5% patients had headaches. There were no statistically significant differences between the patients with headaches and those without headaches regarding sex, age, BMI, duration of HD, causes of end-stage renal disease, arterial blood pressure, red blood cell count, serum concentration of hemoglobin, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, glucose, MCHC, total protein, sodium and potassium. Fourteen patients (34% of those with headaches experienced headache during the HD session and were sub classified as HDH using diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Society. Tension type headache (41% of those with headaches and migraine without aura (10% were most common in the primary headache group and headache due to arterial hypertension (7% was the most prevalent among the secondary headaches. Although there were some common clinical characteristics, we could not find a unifying clinical pattern in the patients with HDH. CONCLUSION Hemodialysis headache is the most common headache in patients undergoing hemodialysis, and despite some common symptoms, it does not appear to be uniform in its clinical characteristics.

  5. Dialysis-related amyloidosis of the hip joints in long-term hemodialysis patients. MRI findings of hip joints in twelve female hemodialysis patients

    We report a female with amyloid arthropathy of the hip joints. She was a 67-year-old woman who had been treated by hemodialysis for 22 years. She had demonstrated a 5-month history of continuous low-grade fever and pain in her left hip and she was finally unable to walk by herself. Findings on X-ray films and MRI of the hip joints suggested avascular necrosis in both femur heads. To palliate symptoms, bipolar surgery on the left hip joint was performed. Pathological examination of bone tissue specimen demonstrated that there was some , β2-microglobulin (β2-MG)-related amyloid accumulation in the femur head. Based on this clinical experience, we performed MRI screening for amyloid lesions of the hip joints in another 11 asymptomatic female patients undergoing hemodialysis for 20 years or more. Cystic lesions of the hip joints were observed in 8 patients, amyloid arthropathy in 2 patients, and fluid trapped in the joint in 1 patient. Patients with amyloidosis had significantly lower serum β2-MG levels than patients without amyloidosis (28.6 mg/L versus 41.4 mg/L; p=0.0339). Our findings show that dialysis-related amyloidosis of the hip joints is one of the potential and significant problems in female patients on long-term hemodialysis therapy. It may be important to screen for this pathological condition in long-term hemodialysis patients. (author)

  6. An Evaluation of Ciprofloxacin Pharmacokinetics in Critically Ill Patients undergoing Continuous Veno-venous Haemodiafiltration

    Spooner, Almath M

    2011-08-04

    Abstract Background The study aimed to investigate the pharmacokinetics of intravenous ciprofloxacin and the adequacy of 400 mg every 12 hours in critically ill Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients on continuous veno-venous haemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) with particular reference to the effect of achieved flow rates on drug clearance. Methods This was an open prospective study conducted in the intensive care unit and research unit of a university teaching hospital. The study population was seven critically ill patients with sepsis requiring CVVHDF. Blood and ultrafiltrate samples were collected and assayed for ciprofloxacin by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) to calculate the model independent pharmacokinetic parameters; total body clearance (TBC), half-life (t1\\/2) and volume of distribution (Vd). CVVHDF was performed at prescribed dialysate rates of 1 or 2 L\\/hr and ultrafiltration rate of 2 L\\/hr. The blood flow rate was 200 ml\\/min, achieved using a Gambro blood pump and Hospal AN69HF haemofilter. Results Seventeen profiles were obtained. CVVHDF resulted in a median ciprofloxacin t1\\/2 of 13.8 (range 5.15-39.4) hr, median TBC of 9.90 (range 3.10-13.2) L\\/hr, a median Vdss of 125 (range 79.5-554) L, a CVVHDF clearance of 2.47+\\/-0.29 L\\/hr and a clearance of creatinine (Clcr) of 2.66+\\/-0.25 L\\/hr. Thus CVVHDF, at an average flow rate of ~3.5 L\\/hr, was responsible for removing 26% of ciprofloxacin cleared. At the dose rate of 400 mg every 12 hr, the median estimated Cpmax\\/MIC and AUC0-24\\/MIC ratios were 10.3 and 161 respectively (for a MIC of 0.5 mg\\/L) and exceed the proposed criteria of >10 for Cpmax\\/MIC and > 100 for AUC0-24\\/MIC. There was a suggestion towards increased ciprofloxacin clearance by CVVHDF with increasing effluent flow rate. Conclusions Given the growing microbial resistance to ciprofloxacin our results suggest that a dose rate of 400 mg every 12 hr, may be necessary to achieve the desired pharmacokinetic - pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) goals in patients on CVVHDF, however an extended interval may be required if there is concomitant hepatic impairment. A correlation between ciprofloxacin clearance due to CVVHDF and creatinine clearance by the filter was observed (r2 = 0.76), providing a useful clinical surrogate marker for ciprofloxacin clearance within the range studied. Trial Registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN52722850

  7. Depression, Anxiety Levels and Coping Strategies with Stress in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD and Hemodialysis (HD Patients in a University Hospital

    Selma ÇETİNKAYA

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study is aimed to evaluate depression and anxiety levels and coping strategies with stress in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD and hemodialysis (HD patients.Method: Study which was planned as a descriptive cross-sectional research has been made among patients who were under treatment with CAPD or HD for chronic renal failure in Cumhuriyet University Hospital in 01-31 August 2007. Questions were asked to determine the demographic profile, tobacco and alcohol use patterns and psychological status of the patients. Beck Depression Inventory and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory I-II (STAI-I, STAI-II and Coping Strategies With Stress Inventory (COPE were used for psychological evaluation.Results: Depression rate was 33.3% in CAPD patients and 61.3% in HD patients. Beck Depression Inventory and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory I-II (STAI-I, STAI-II scores were 14.1±8.4, 39.3±4.7, 47.6±5.1 and 19.9±9.9, 41.0±3.7, 49.5±6.2 in CAPD and HD patients respectively. CAPD patients’ depression scores were significantly lower than HD patients’ (p0.05. In both groups the most frequently used coping strategy was religious coping followed by positive reinterpretation and development methods. The only significant difference between groups were in “to laugh it off” and “not to worry about it” strategies. Conclusion: Depression and anxiety appeared frequently in all dialysis patients, but depression was more frequent in HD patients. Therefore it is considered necessary for dialysis patients (CAPD and HD to be under regular psychiatric evaluation. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2008; 45: 78-84

  8. Vascular Access for Hemodialysis

    ... 345 KB)​​​​​ Alternate Language URL Vascular Access for Hemodialysis Page Content On this page: What is a ... Set Up the Vascular Access Well before Starting Hemodialysis Patients should set up a vascular access well ...

  9. Validity and reliability of short form-12 questionnaire in Iranian hemodialysis patients

    Pakpour, Amir H; Nourozi, Saeedeh; Molsted, Stig; Harrison, Adrian Paul; Nourozi, Khadije; Fridlund, Bengt

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the study was to assess the validity and reliability of the SF-12 questionnaire in a sample of Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis.......The aim of the study was to assess the validity and reliability of the SF-12 questionnaire in a sample of Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis....

  10. Bisphosphonate kinetics in patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis: relations to dynamic bone histomorphometry, osteocalcin and parathyroid hormone

    Joffe, P; Hyldstrup, L; Heaf, J G; Pødenphant, J; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    1992-01-01

    investigation therefore was to compare BBC with parameters of bone histology, serum levels of osteocalcin, alkaline phosphatase, and parathyroid hormone in patients (n = 8) undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). No significant correlations were found between BBC values and the bone...... histomorphometrical variables measured. A positive correlation was seen between serum osteocalcin and resorption and active resorption surface (p < 0.05), as well as tetracycline-labelled surface, bone formation rate, surfaces, volume and tissue referents, respectively (p < 0.01). Furthermore, levels of alkaline...... mineralization lag time (p < 0.05). In conclusion, BBC was of no use in patients treated with CAPD as a noninvasive test for evaluation of bone histomorphometry. However, osteocalcin correlated best with resorption and bone dynamics indices. Levels of alkaline phosphatase and parathyroid hormone were of a more...

  11. The breath ammonia measurement of the hemodialysis with a QCM-NH3 sensor.

    Ishida, Hitoshi; Satou, Toshio; Tsuji, Kiichi; Kawashima, Norimichi; Takemura, Hideo; Kosaki, Yasuhiro; Shiratori, Seimei; Agishi, Tetuzou

    2008-01-01

    Recently, expired gases are analyzed non-invasively for monitoring the substances in the blood. Breath ammonia has been shown to correlate with BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and Cr (creatinine), both of which are indicators of solute removal in hemodialysis. In this study, breath ammonia concentration was continuously measured using a crystal oscillator QCM (quartz crystal microbalance) during the expiration of patients undergoing dialysis treatment. The results show that NH3 (ammonia) decreased gradually as the treatment proceeded. A strong correlation was observed between changes in the frequency of the QCM gas sensor and both the pre-dialysis BUN level (r=0.71, pgas. These results suggest that continuous measurement of NH3 is useful to assess the status of solute removal during hemodialysis. PMID:18408261

  12. Hemodialysis-related headaches

    ?uri? Marija

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Hemodialysis (HD is a therapeutic procedure used to partially correct homeostatic disorders and prevent complications of uremia to appear in the terminal stage of renal insufficiency. The aim of this study was to evaluate and analyze the incidence and features of headaches in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods. A total of 143 patients, 50 women and 93 men, undergoing hemodialysis, were questioned about their problems with headache using a questionnaire designed according to the diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Classification of Headache Disorders from 2004. The patients were separated into two groups: the patients without headache and the patients with repeated headaches. Afterwards, the patients with headaches were further divided into subgroups: the patients who had the headaches before the beginning of HD and patients who experienced repeated headaches with the beginning of HD headache (HDH. In the group of patients with headaches we analyzed characteristics of headache according to which diagnoses of headaches were made, as well as the effects of HD on headaches. We also analyzed features of HDH. The patients with headache were compared to the patients without headache regarding sex, age, duration of HD, causes of end-stage renal disease, arterial diastolic and systolic blood pressure and serum concentration of hemoglobin, urea nitrogen, creatinine, sodium and potassium. The results were statistically compared. Results. In the group of 143 patients examined, 27 (18.9% patients had headaches. There were no statistically significant differences between the group of patients with headaches and those without headache regarding to sex, age, duration of HD, causes of end-stage renal disease, serum concentration of hemoglobin, urea nitrogen, creatinine, sodium and potassium. The patients with headaches showed significantly higher mean values of systolic blood pressure during HD in comparison to the patients without headaches (p = 0.029. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding the mean values of diastolic blood pressure. Nineteen (13.3% patients had had headache before starting HD. HD did not have any effect on the characteristics of headaches in more than a half of these patients. In 8 (5.6% patients we diagnosed HDH using the diagnostic criteria of the International Headache Classification of Headache Disorders from 2004. HDH showed similar characteristics in all the patients: it appeared mostly in men, during the 4th hour of HD, lasted less than four hours, it was localized bilaterally in the frontal parts of the head, strong in intensity, throbbing and without the associated symptoms. Conclusion. The results of our study clearly showed that HDH was a particular entity of headache, not only because of its connection with HD, but because it had similar characteristics in all the patients in which it had appeared. Finding out the pathophysiological mechanisms of their occurrence would significantly improve the quality of life style of patients on hemodialysis. .

  13. Destructive spondyloarthropathy in hemodialysis patients

    A wide variety of musculoskeletal abnormalities may be seen in patients with chronic renal failure. Recently a destructive spondyloarthropathy has been described in patients undergoing hemodialysis. The characteristic features include marked disk space narrowing associated with vertebral end-plate erosion and sclerosis, without significant osteophyte formation. Ten patients with changes of destructive spondyloarthropathy involving the cervical or lumbar spine are presented in this exhibit. The appearance on plain radiographs, multiplanar tomography, CT and MR imaging is discussed. The importance of recognizing these changes as un unusual manifestation of chronic renal failure and their differentiation from infection are stressed

  14. Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy May Increase the Risk of Catheter Infection

    Parienti, Jean-Jacques; Dugué, Audrey E.; Daurel, Claire; Mira, Jean-Paul; Mégarbane, Bruno; Mermel, Leonard A.; Daubin, Cédric; Du Cheyron, Damien

    2010-01-01

    Background and objectives: Little is known about the risks of catheter-related infections in patients undergoing intermittent hemodialysis (IHD) as compared with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) techniques. We compared the two modalities among critically ill adults requiring acute renal replacement therapy (RRT).

  15. Doena arterial coronariana subclnica em pacientes com Diabetes Mellitus tipo 1 em hemodilise Enfermedad arterial coronaria subclnica en pacientes con Diabetes Mellitus tipo 1 en hemodilisis Subclinical coronary artery disease in patients with type 1 Diabetes Mellitus undergoing hemodialysis

    Dinaldo Cavalcanti de Oliveira

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A aterosclerose ocorre mais cedo em pacientes com diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM-1 e a doena arterial coronariana (DAC constitui a mais importante causa de morte. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalncia e as caractersticas anatmicas da DAC em pacientes com DM-1 e insuficincia renal crnica, submetidos dilise. MTODOS: Este um estudo descritivo de 20 pacientes com DM-1 submetidos dilise sem DAC conhecida. A DAC foi avaliada atravs de angiografia coronariana quantitativa (ACQ e ultra-som intravascular (USIV. A ACQ foi realizada em todas as leses >30%, visualmente Todos os segmentos proximais de 18 mm das artrias coronrias foram analisados por USIV. Todos os outros segmentos coronarianos com estenose >30% tambm foram analisados. RESULTADOS: A angiografia detectou 29 leses >30% em 15 pacientes (75%. Onze (55% das leses eram >50% e 10 (50% >70%. Treze pacientes tiveram as 3 principais artrias avaliadas pelo USIV. A aterosclerose estava presente em todos os pacientes e em todos os 51 segmentos proximais de 18 mm analisados. Esses segmentos significam que a medida do dimetro dos vasos apresentava-se significantemente maior no USIV do que na ACQ, em todos os vasos. As imagens do ISIV de 25 (86,2% das 29 leses >30% foram obtidas. Placas fibrticas eram comuns (48% e 60% apresentavam remodelamento intermedirio de vasos. CONCLUSO: A DAC estava presente em todos os vasos de todos os pacientes com diabete tipo 1 submetidos a hemodilise. Esses achados esto de acordo com outros estudos de autpsia, angiografia e USIV. Alm disso, eles indicam a necessidade de estudos adicionais epidemiolgicos e de imagem, para um melhor entendimento e tratamento de uma condio clnica complexa e grave que afeta jovens indivduos.FUNDAMENTO: La aterosclerosis ocurre ms temprano en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM-1 y la enfermedad arterial coronaria (EAC constituye la ms importante causa de muerte. OBJETIVO: Evaluar la prevalencia y las caractersticas anatmicas de la EAC en pacientes con DM-1 e insuficiencia renal crnica, sometidos a dilisis. MTODOS: Este es un estudio descriptivo de 20 pacientes con DM-1 sometidos a dilisis sin EAC conocida. La EAC se evalu mediante angiografa coronaria cuantitativa (ACC y ultrasonido intravascular (IVUS. La ACC se realiz en todas las lesiones >30%, se llev a cabo el anlisis visual por IVUS en todos los segmentos proximales de 18 mm de las arterias coronarias. Tambin se analizaron todos los otros segmentos coronarios con estenosis >30%. RESULTADOS: La angiografa detect 29 lesiones >30% en 15 pacientes (75%. Once (55% de las lesiones eran >50% y 10 (50% >70%. Trece pacientes tuvieron las tres arterias principales evaluadas por el IVUS. La aterosclerosis estaba presente en todos los pacientes y en todos los 51 segmentos proximales de 18 mm analizados. Esos segmentos significan que la medicin del dimetro de los vasos resultaba significantemente mayor en el IVUS que en la ACC, en todos los vasos. De las imgenes del IVUS se obtuvieron 25 (86,2% de las 29 lesiones >30%. Placas fibrticas eran comunes (48% y el 60% presentaban remodelamiento intermediario de vasos. CONCLUSIN: La EAC estaba presente en todos los vasos de todos los pacientes con diabetes tipo 1 sometidos a hemodilisis. Esos hallazgos estn de acuerdo con otros estudios de autopsia, angiografa e IVUS. Adems de ello, indican la necesidad de estudios adicionales epidemiolgicos y de imagen, para una mejor comprensin y tratamiento de una condicin clnica compleja y severa que afecta a jvenes individuos.BACKGROUND: In patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, atherosclerosis occurs earlier in life and coronary artery disease (CAD constitutes the major cause of death. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the prevalence and anatomic characteristics of coronary artery disease (CAD in type 1 diabetic patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: This is a descriptive study of 20 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus

  16. Vivncias dos homens submetidos hemodilise acerca de sua sexualidade Experiencias de los hombres sometidos a hemodilisis acerca de su sexualidad Experience of men undergoing hemodialysis about their sexuality

    Denilson Fonseca Rodrigues

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Conhecer as vivncias dos pacientes masculinos submetidos hemodilise acerca de sua sexualidade. Metodologia: Trata-se de uma investigao exploratria, descritiva, com abordagem qualitativa. Os sujeitos da pesquisa, realizada no primeiro semestre de 2004, foram oito pacientes masculinos que estavam em tratamento hemodialtico. O instrumento de coleta foi a entrevista semiestruturada, utilizando a anlise categrica. Como cenrio da pesquisa, um servio de nefrologia, de um municpio da Regio Sul do Brasil. Resultados: A partir da anlise emergiram as seguintes categorias: Aspectos fsicos e emocionais acerca do tratamento; As vivncias dos pacientes renais crnicos acerca de sua sexualidade; As estratgias para lidar com as limitaes relacionadas sexualidade e A sexualidade dos pacientes renais crnicos aps a hemodilise. Discusso: O desgaste e o cansao fsico foram atribudos ao tratamento hemodialtico. A vivncia dos pacientes renais crnicos acerca de sua sexualidade est intimamente ligada relao sexual saudvel, tanto no biolgico quanto no emocional. Os pacientes que buscam estratgias a fim de minimizar ou at mesmo resolver problemas relativos com sua sexualidade, em decorrncia da condio crnica, enfrentam com maior facilidade os obstculos vivenciados. Os sujeitos apresentaram modificaes a respeito da sexualidade, no entanto, percebe-se a busca dos pacientes por estratgias que amenizem e at mesmo restabeleam suas necessidades sexuais, dentro da dimenso biopsicolgica. Consideraes finais: Este estudo relevante, pois existe necessidade de capacitar profissionais para trabalharem com a sexualidade humana, percebendo o paciente renal crnico sob uma viso holstica.Palavras-chave: insuficincia renal crnica; dilise renal; enfermagem; sexualidade.Objetivo: Conocer las experiencias de los pacientes masculinos sometidos a hemodilisis acerca de su sexualidad. Metodologa: Se trata de una investigacin exploratoria, descriptiva, con enfoque cualitativo. Los sujetos de la investigacin, realizada en el primer semestre de 2004, fueron ocho pacientes masculinos que se encontraban en tratamiento de hemodilisis. El instrumento de compilacin de datos fue una entrevista semiestructurada, utilizando el anlisis categrico. El escenario de investigacin fue un servicio de nefrologa ubicado en un municipio de la Regin Sur de Brasil. Resultados: A partir del anlisis surgieron las siguientes categoras: Aspectos fsicos y emocionales acerca del tratamiento; las vivencias de los pacientes renales crnicos acerca de su sexualidad; Las estrategias para lidiar con las limitaciones relacionadas con la sexualidad y la sexualidad de los pacientes renales crnicos despus de la hemodilisis. Discusin: El desgaste y el cansancio fsico se atribuyeron al tratamiento de hemodilisis. La experiencia de los pacientes renales crnicos acerca de su sexualidad est ntimamente vinculado con la relacin sexual saludables tanto a nivel biolgico como emocional. Los pacientes que buscan estrategias dirigidas a minimizar o incluso resolver problemas relativos a su sexualidad, como resultado de la condicin crnica, enfrentan con mayor facilidad los obstculos a los que hacen frente. Los sujetos presentaron modificaciones con respecto a la sexualidad, sin embargo, se percibe la bsqueda de los pacientes por estrategias que amenicen e incluso restablezcan sus necesidades sexuales, dentro de la dimensin bio-sicolgica. Consideraciones finales: Este estudio es pertinente, ya que existe la necesidad de capacitar profesionales para que trabajen con la sexualidad humana, percibiendo al paciente renal crnico bajo una visin holstica.Objective: To study the experiences of male patients undergoing hemodialysis about their sexuality. Methodology: This is an exploratory, descriptive research with a qualitative approach. The research was conducted in the first half of 2004, and the subjects were eight ma

  17. Epidemiology of hemodialysis patients in Aleppo city

    Moukeh Ghamez

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available To determine the characteristics of the hemodialysis (HD patients in Aleppo city, we surveyed the hospitals representing the main dialysis centers in the city including private and community facilities during 2006. Personal patients′ interviews and hospitals records were the source of data. The total number of patients in 2006 undergoing HD was 550 patients; 280 (50.9% were males, and the age ranged from 5-82 years with mean and median age 44.7 and 45 years, respectively. The incidence (IR and prevalence rate (PR for hemodialysis were 60 pmp and 226 pmp, respectively. The major primary renal diseases in the end-stage renal disease (ESRD patients included hypertension (HTN, glomerulonephritis (GN, and diabetes mellitus (DM, 21.1%, 20.5 %, and 19.45, respectively. The percent of Anti-HCV, HBV hepatitis and HBV vaccine were 54.4%, 7.8%, and 52.9%, respectively. This study suggests that the IR of hemodialysis was relatively low due to the high cost of treatment, and the PR for hemodialysis was also relatively low may be due to high mortality rate and low kidney transplantation rate in this country. There was an equal percentage of both genders in the hemodialysis population.

  18. Intensive Home Hemodialysis: An Eye at the Past Looking for the Hemodialysis of the Future.

    Naso, Agostino; Scaparrotta, Giuseppe; Naso, Elena; Calò, Lorenzo A

    2015-09-01

    Multiple observational studies along with a limited number of randomized clinical trials suggest that intensive hemodialysis (IHD) not only improves outcomes for uremic patients undergoing chronic dialysis but does so with a more favorable cost/benefit ratio compared with conventional hemodialysis. As a result of this, there has been a rapid increase in the interest in home hemodialysis (HHD) as HHD represents the easiest means of implementing IHD. While HHD has generated increased interest given its association with better outcomes/reduced hospitalizations, there are very few randomized controlled trials comparing HHD with other hemodialysis methods. Reported HHD-associated increased survival benefits compared with in-center hemodialysis are from uncontrolled studies, which raise patient selection bias as underlying the differences found. Thus, while HHD draws increasing attention, studies that pay careful attention to the psychosocial, demographic, and clinical factors associated with patients selected to undergo HHD will be needed to ultimately demonstrate its benefits, clarify the clinical applications, and determine the limits of IHD use in dialysis patients. PMID:25920990

  19. Effect of Auricular Acupressure on Uremic Pruritus in Patients Receiving Hemodialysis Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    Cui-na Yan; Wei-guo Yao; Yi-jie Bao; Xiao-jing Shi; Hui Yu; Pei-hao Yin; Gui-zhen Liu

    2015-01-01

    Background. Uremic pruritus (UP) is a common symptom in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Objective. To determine the clinical efficacy of auricular acupressure therapy on pruritus in hemodialysis patients and to explore possible underlying mechanisms. Methods. Patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis at a referral medical center were recruited and assigned to intervention (n = 32) and control (n = 30) groups. The intervention group underwent ...

  20. ORIGINAL PAPER
    Erythropoietin therapy in chronic renal failure patients prior to hemodialysis

    Jacek Rysz; Piotr Bartnicki; Stolarek, Robert A.

    2005-01-01

    The human recombinant erythropoietin (hrEpo) is crucial in anemia treatment options in chronic renal failure patients undergoing regular hemodialysis therapy. However, the clinical characteristics of erythropoietin treatment prior to hemodialysis have not been thoroughly studied. This study was aimed to analyze in retrospective manner the results of hrEpo therapy in chronic renal failure prior to hemodialysis. The study included 42 patients (26 males and 16 females, 42.43.7 yrs old) with mea...

  1. Pharmacokinetics of amikacin during hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis

    Regeur, L; Colding, H; Jensen, H; Kampmann, J P

    1977-01-01

    The pharmacokinetics of amikacin were examined in six bilaterally nephrectomized patients undergoing hemodialysis and in four patients with a minimal residual renal function undergoing peritoneal dialysis. The mean elimination half-life before the dialysis was 86.5 h in the anephric patients and 44...... renal function. During hemodialysis the half-life decreased to less than 10% (5.6 h) of the pretreatment value. The effectiveness of peritoneal dialysis was less as the half-life decreased to only about 30% (17.9 h) of the pretreatment value. During the dialyses a significant correlation between the...... half-life of amikacin and the decrease in blood urea and serum creatinine was demonstrated. The pharmacokinetic data were used to make dosage regimen recommendations for the treatment of patients undergoing intermittent hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis....

  2. Prevalencia de hipertensión arterial y algunos factores de riesgos en pacientes en hemodiálisis Prevalence of hypertension and some risk factors in patients undergoing hemodialysis

    Nadienka Rodríguez Ramos

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentación: La enfermedad cardiovascular constituye la principal causa de mortalidad en los pacientes en hemodiálisis y el principal predictor es la hipertensión arterial antes que la dislipemia y el consumo de tabaco. Objetivo: describir la prevalencia de hipertensión arterial y sus factores de riesgos en pacientes hemodializados. Método: se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal en 22 pacientes con insuficiencia renal crónica, terminal en hemodiálisis del Hospital General Augusto César Sandino de junio a diciembre de 2009. Se estudiaron las variables sociodemográficas, clínicas y del estilo de vida y su relación con la presencia de hipertensión arterial. Se utilizó la técnica estadística de análisis de distribución de frecuencias para categoría de variables, además, se empleó el test de independencia para probar la hipótesis nula de asociación entre las variables; precisándose un nivel de significación á = 0.05. Resultados: la edad promedio fue de 53 años con un tiempo medio previo en hemodiálisis de 57 meses. Entre las principales causas por las cuales llegaron al tratamiento depurador los pacientes estuvieron las no relacionadas a la diabetes mellitus en el 86,4 %. En 14 pacientes, que representa el (63,6 %, se recogía la historia de hipertensión arterial prediálisis y en hemodiálisis. El análisis multivariado mostró que la hipertensión estaba asociada con la edad avanzada, el tiempo de vida media en hemodiálisis y la presencia de diabetes mellitus. Conclusiones: la hipertensión es altamente prevalente entre los pacientes en hemodiálisis crónica y está asociada a la hipervolemia, el envejecimiento y la diabetes mellitus.Background: The cardiovascular diseases constitutes the main one of cause of mortality in patient in hemodialysis and the main one predict is the hypertension still before that the dislipemia and the consumption of tobacco. Objective: Describe the prevalence and risk factors of hypertension among patients on chronic hemodialysis. Methods: A transversal descriptive study was carried out in 22 patients with chronic kidney diseases in the nephrological service of Augusto Cesar Sandino Teaching Hospital of Pinar del Rio City, since June to December, 2009. Variables such as: age, etiology of the chronic renal failure, time elapsed in hemodialysis were included in the study. Information was gathered through surveys and from the morbimortality book of the nephrology unit. The statistical analysis of frequency distribution was used for each category of variables. The independence test was also used to test the association of variable null hypothesis. The level of significance was set at á = 0.05. Results: The age average went of 53 years with a half prior time in hemodialysis of 57 months. Among the main causes by which they arrived at the processing purifier the patient were the done not relate to the diabetes mellitus in the 86, 4 %. In 14 patients (63, 6% history was collected of hypertension prediálisis and in hemodialysis. The analysis multivariado showed that the hypertension was associated with the age advanced, the average time of life in hypertension and the presence of diabetes mellitus. Conclusions: The hypertension is highly prevalence among patient in hypertension chronic and this associate to the hipervolemia, the hypertension and the diabetes mellitus.

  3. Hepatitis C virus infection in hemodialysis patients in Maracaibo, Venezuela

    Francisca Monsalve-Castillo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Over a two year period, the incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV infection was evaluated in 29 hemodialysis patients, aged between 15 and 75 years (mean ± SD: 45 ± 39.5 years, from the University Hospital Hemodyalisis Unit, Maracaibo, Zulia State, Venezuela. Anti-HCV antibodies were determined using a fourth generation ELISA (Innotest HCV Ab IV kit and positive blood samples were tested using a recombinant assay kit (Inno-LIA HCV Ab III, both kits from Innogenetics N.V., Belgium. The findings indicate a lack of HCV seroconversion in the hemodialysis patients over the study period, confirmed by the recombinant assay. Risk factors for HCV infection were 0.3270 (95% confidence interval: 0.01323-8.080 in patients undergoing hemodialysis. The findings suggest a lack of significant sources for HCV infection due to the preventive measures to avoid its transmission in the hemodialysis unit.

  4. Can Vascular Access During Hemodialysis Cause Extremity Loss?

    Nurkay KATRANCIO?LU

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available There is always the possibility of complications of vascular access in patients with hemodialysis. The pseudoaneurysm related with accidental arterial puncture is one of the most important complications in patients with hemodialysis and it can cause severe clinic manifestations that may go all the way to limb loss. We describe a 78-year-old woman undergoing regular dialysis treatment with renal failure. The patient had severe left arm pain starting suddenly after hemodialysis, with rapidly progressing cyanosis, and compartment syndrome caused by brachial artery pseudoaneurysm. Urgent surgical procedure was performed. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully repaired, left arm arterial circulation reestablished, and fasciotomy performed on the left arm for compartment syndrome. In the second session, debridement was performed and dermal graft applied to the necrotic lesions. The patient was discharged with full recovery within 2 months following the treatment. In this case, we emphasize that vascular access during hemodialysis has some complications that can even cause extremity loss..

  5. Xerostomia in patients on chronic hemodialysis.

    Bossola, Maurizio; Tazza, Luigi

    2012-03-01

    Xerostomia is the subjective feeling of a dry mouth, which is relatively common in patients on chronic hemodialysis. Xerostomia can be caused by reduced salivary flow secondary to atrophy and fibrosis of the salivary glands, use of certain medications, restriction of fluid intake and old age. In patients undergoing hemodialysis, xerostomia is associated with the following problems: difficulties in chewing, swallowing, tasting and speaking; increased risk of oral disease, including lesions of the mucosa, gingiva and tongue; bacterial and fungal infections, such as candidiasis, dental caries and periodontal disease; interdialytic weight gain resulting from increased fluid intake; and a reduction in quality of life. Unfortunately, no effective treatment exists for xerostomia in patients on chronic hemodialysis. The stimulation of salivary glands by mechanical means (such as chewing gum) or pharmacological agents (such as pilocarpine and angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors, the latter alone or in combination with angiotensin-receptor blockers), as well as saliva substitutes, are all ineffective, or effective only in the short term. Xerostomia remains a frustrating symptom for patients on hemodialysis, and further efforts should be made to find an effective treatment for it in the near future. PMID:22249779

  6. Anterior chamber depth during hemodialysis

    Gracitelli CPB

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Carolina Pelegrini Barbosa Gracitelli,1 Francisco Rosa Stefanini,1 Fernando Penha,1 Miguel Ângelo Góes,2 Sérgio Antonio Draibe,2 Maria Eugênia Canziani,2 Augusto Paranhos Junior1 1Ophthalmology Department, 2Division of Nephrology, Federal University of São Paulo – UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil Background: Exacerbation of chronic glaucoma or acute glaucoma is occasionally observed in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD because of anterior chamber depth changes during this therapy. Purpose: To evaluate anterior chamber depth and axial length in patients during HD sessions. Methods: A total of 67 eyes of 35 patients were prospectively enrolled. Axial length and anterior chamber depth were measured using ultrasonic biometry, and these measures were evaluated at three different times during HD sessions. Body weight and blood pressure pre- and post-HD were also measured. Results: There was no difference in the axial length between the three measurements (P = 0.241. We observed a significantly decreased anterior chamber depth (P = 0.002 during HD sessions. Conclusion: Our results support the idea that there is a change in anterior chamber depth in HD sessions. Keywords: anterior chamber, hemodialysis, axial length, acute angle-closure glaucoma

  7. Destructive spondyloarthropathy in hemodialysis patients

    Destructive spondyloarthropathy (DSA) has been observed in patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis. The pathophysiology of this condition is still unknown, but there is evidence that amyloid depositions play an important role in its development. Despite several reports, the radiological evolution of these lesions is poorly known. The authors report the results of the radiographic follow-up (12-18 months) of 9 cases (7 female and 2 male patients; age 63±6 years) hemodilized for over 60 months (mean: 126±33). In 7 cases. radiographic patterns of destructive arthropathy were seen in peripheral joints as well. X-ray pictures demonstrated: 1) increased erosion of vertebral end plates (in all cases); 2) increased narrowing of invertebral spaces (in 5 cases); 3) increased collapse of vertebral bodies (in 5 cases); 4) increased malalignment of the involved segments (in 4 cases). In 3 autopsied cases β2-microglobulin amyloid depositions were found in disc and ligamentous paravertebral tissue. These results confirm that: 1) DSA is progressive in longterm hemodialysis patients; 2) radiographic evolution is often very quick; 3) the cervical spine is the most frequently involved location and the one where lesions are quickest to develop; 4) severe malalignament of the involved spine may be present, with subsequent neurological complications

  8. Health-related quality of life in a sample of Iranian patients on hemodialysis

    Pakpour, Amir H; Saffari, Mohsen; Yekaninejad, Mir Saeed; Panahi, Davood; Harrison, Adrian Paul; Mølsted, Stig

    2010-01-01

    This study evaluated the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a sample of Iranian patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. The data were compared with the HRQOL for the Iranian general population.......This study evaluated the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a sample of Iranian patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. The data were compared with the HRQOL for the Iranian general population....

  9. Continuous noninvasive in vivo monitoring of intravascular plasma volume and hematocrit changes during hemodialysis in humans: direct comparison with the CRIT-LINE

    Deng, Bin; Kastner, Evan; Narsipur, Sriram S.; Goodisman, Jerry; Chaiken, J.

    2014-02-01

    We report a new device and algorithm that allows simultaneous monitoring of the hematocrit and plasma volume fraction of blood within the intravascular space of an optically probed volume of skin. Skin is probed with a near infrared (NIR) laser and simultaneously collecting the Rayleigh and Mie scattered light as one raw signal and the undifferentiated Raman and fluorescence emission as the second raw signal. These signals are combined using six parameters that can be obtained by either direct calculation or empirical calibration to permit monitoring of the blood in human skin (e.g. fingertips). We tested a device based on the algorithm that might be useful in allowing the early detection of blood loss for people who have no external injury but may be hemorrhaging internally. IRB allowed experiments monitoring blood in human fingertip skin in vivo during routine hemodialysis demonstrated good agreement between the experimental device and the CRIT-LINE®, an FDA approved device that is built into the dialysis machine and applies the Twersky algorithm to blood in the dialysis machine (i.e. in vitro). Based on observation of 9 different test subjects, as dialysis removes fluid from the intravascular space causing an increase in hematocrit and a decrease in plasma volume, the CRIT-LINE response is closely emulated (typical per session linear correlation r2=0.78, N=87, p<0.0001) with the new device. Calibration across subjects, the measurement of absolute hematocrit, and potential confounding factors will also be discussed.

  10. Aspectos nutricionais e epidemiolgicos de pacientes com doena renal crnica submetidos a tratamento hemodialtico no Brasil, 2010 / Nutritional and epidemiological aspects of patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis from Brazil, 2010

    Brbara Margareth Menardi, Biavo; Carmen, Tzanno-Martins; Lucas Maciel, Cunha; Melissa Luciana de, Araujo; Mrcia Machado Cunha, Ribeiro; Anita, Sachs; Clarissa Baia Bargas, Uezima; Srgio Antonio, Draibe; Cibele Isaac Saad, Rodrigues; Elvino Jos Guardo, Barros.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUO: O Comit de Nutrio da Sociedade Brasileira de Nefrologia (SBN) realizou, em 2010, o primeiro Censo Brasileiro de Nutrio em pacientes em Hemodilise. Dados multicntricos contribuem para o desenvolvimento de condutas clnicas e interveno nutricional. OBJETIVO: Descrever aspectos nut [...] ricionais e epidemiolgicos de pacientes em hemodilise. MTODO: Estudo transversal em 36 clnicas de dilise, 2.622 participantes selecionados aleatoriamente. Foram coletados: registros sociodemogrficos, clnicos, bioqumicos e antropomtricos. RESULTADOS: Dos pacientes, 60,45% era da regio Sudeste, 13,53% Nordeste, 12,81% Sul, 10,33% Centro-Oeste e 2,86% Norte. Cerca de 58% eram homens e 63,1% tinham menos de 60 anos. Casados ou em unio estvel, 58,5% deles. Aproximadamente 80% dependia do Sistema nico de Sade. O tabagismo apresentou diferena entre sexo e idade. As etiologias presuntivas foram nefroesclerose hipertensiva 26,4%, nefropatia diabtica 24,6%, causas desconhecidas/no diagnosticadas 19,9%, glomerulopatias 13,6% e outros 11,2%. A hipertenso arterial e o Diabetes Mellitus acometiam aproximadamente 30% dos pacientes, principalmente aqueles acima de 60 anos. O ndice de Massa Corporal no diferiu entre sexos, embora tenha diferido entre grupos etrios e quando utilizados critrios de avaliao distintos. A mdia de circunferncia da cintura de homens e mulheres foi, respectivamente, 90,5 cm e 88,0 cm. O perfil lipdico no diferiu entre s faixas etrias, porm, houve diferenas entre sexos. Os valores de albumina estiveram menores nas mulheres e em pacientes com idade superior a 60 anos. CONCLUSO: O estudo caracterizou os pacientes em hemodilise no Brasil em 2010, podendo subsidiar novos estudos para acompanhamento de transies nutricionais e epidemiolgicas da populao. Abstract in english INTRODUCTION: The Nutrition Committee of the Brazilian Society of Nephrology (SBN) held in 2010 the first Brazilian Nutrition Census in hemodialysis patients. Multicenter data contribute to clinical development and nutritional intervention. OBJECTIVE: To describe epidemiological and nutritional aspe [...] cts of hemodialysis patients. METHOD: Cross-sectional study in 36 dialysis clinics and 2,622 randomly selected participants. Socio-demographical, clinical, biochemical and anthropometric records were collected. RESULTS: 60.45% of the patients lived in the Brazilian Southeast. 13.53% came from Northeast region, while 12.81% from South, 10.33% from Midwest and 2.86% from North regions. Approximately 58% were male and 63.1% were below 60 years old. 58.5% of patients were married or in cohabitation. Around 80% of them depended on the government Unified Health System. Smoking showed a difference between gender and age. Presumptive etiologies were Hypertensive Nephrosclerosis (26.4%), Diabetic Nephropathy (24.6%), unknown/undiagnosed causes (19.9%), Glomerulopathies (13.6%) and others (11.2%). Both Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus affect approximately 30% of patients, especially over 60 years. Body Mass Index did not differ between genders, although it differed between age groups and when used different evaluation criteria. Men and women average waist circumference were respectively 90.5 and 88.0 cm. Lipid profile did not differ between age groups, but it did between genders. Albumin values were lower in women and in patients older than 60 years. CONCLUSION: This study characterized Brazilian hemodialysis patients in 2010, and may support further studies to monitor nutrition and epidemiological transitions of the population.

  11. Hiperpigmentao cutnea em pacientes com insuficincia renal crnica em hemodilise infectados pelo vrus da hepatite C / Increased skin pigmentation in patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis infected with the hepatitis C virus

    Humberto Kukhyun, Choi; Fernando Saldanha, Thom; Tobias, Orlandini; Elvino, Barros.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: A hiperpigmentao cutnea comumente encontrada em pacientes portadores de insuficincia renal crnica (IRC), sendo tambm uma das manifestaes mais evidentes da Porfiria Cutnea Tarda (PCT). Essa doena, que tem sido relatada em pacientes em hemodilise (HD), tem como um dos fatores pr [...] ecipitantes a infeco pelo vrus da hepatite C (HCV). Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a prevalncia de hiperpigmentao cutnea difusa em pacientes com IRC infectados pelo HCV. MTODOS: Foi desenvolvido um estudo transversal com 47 pacientes (idade mdia de 50,35 15,16 anos, 31 homens e 16 mulheres) que estavam realizando hemodilise na Unidade de Dilise do Hospital de Clnicas de Porto Alegre. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo 1, anti-HCV positivos (n=17), e grupo 2, anti-HCV negativos (n=30). RESULTADOS: A prevalncia de pacientes com hiperpigmentao cutnea relacionada a HD foi de 36,2% (n=17). Havia 10 pacientes (58,8 %) no grupo 1 e sete pacientes (23,3%) no grupo 2 (Razo de Risco de 2,52 e Intervalo de Confiana de 95% de 1,18 a 5,4; p Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Skin pigmentation is commonly found in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). This symptom is also one of the most evident features of Porphyria Cutanea Tarda (PCT). Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is an important precipitating agent of this disease, which has been described in patients unde [...] rgoing hemodialysis (HD). In this paper, we intend to evaluate the prevalence of difuse skin hyperpigmentation in patients with CRF infected with the HCV. METHODS: We developed a transversal study with 47 patients (mean age 50,35 + 15,16 years; 31 men and 16 women) who were on hemodialysis in march of 2001 at the Unit of Dialysis of Hospital de Clnicas de Porto Alegre. Patients were divided in two groups: group 1, anti-HCV positives (n=17), and group 2, anti-HCV negatives (n=30). RESULTS: The prevalence of skin hyperpigmentation related to HD was 36,2% (n=17). There were 10 patients (58,8%) in group 1 and 7 (23,3%) in group 2 (Odds Ratio of 2,52 and 95% Confidence Interval of 1,18-5,4; p

  12. Major Bleeding in Hemodialysis Patients

    Rachel M. Holden; Harman, Gavin J.; Wang, Miao; Holland, David; Day, Andrew G.

    2008-01-01

    Background and objectives: Few studies have examined risk factors for hemorrhage in hemodialysis patients. The contribution of warfarin and antiplatelet agent exposure to the incidence of first major bleeding episodes in hemodialysis patients was determined.

  13. Intravenous levosimendan-norepinephrine combination during off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in a hemodialysis patient with severe myocardial dysfunction

    Siminelakis Stavros N

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This the case of a 63 year-old man with end-stage renal disease (on chronic hemodialysis, unstable angina and significantly impaired myocardial contractility with low left ventricular ejection fraction, who underwent off-pump one vessel coronary bypass surgery. Combined continuous levosimendan and norepinephrine infusion (at 0.07 μg/kg/min and 0.05 μg/kg/min respectively started immediately after anesthesia induction and continued for 24 hours. The levosimendan/norepinephrine combination helped maintain an appropriate hemodynamic profile, thereby contributing to uneventful completion of surgery and postoperative hemodynamic stability. Although levosimendan is considered contraindicated in ESRD patients, this case report suggests that combined perioperative levosimendan/norepinephrine administration can be useful in carefully selected hemodialysis patients with impaired myocardial contractility and ongoing myocardial ischemia, who undergo off-pump myocardial revascularization surgery.

  14. Mortalidade dos pacientes com doena renal crnica em hemodilise de manuteno em um hospital pblico do Peru / Mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis in a public hospital of Peru

    Percy, Herrera-Aazco; Vicente, Benites-Zapata; Adrian V., Hernandez; Edward, Mezones-Holguin; Manuela, Silveira-Chau.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Introduo: O Ministrio da Sade do Peru no tem um programa nacional de hemodilise e os hospitais que oferecem este tipo de tratamento apresentam problemas de cobertura que podem resultar em aumento da mortalidade. Objetivo: Avaliar a mortalidade da populao incidente em hemodilise em um [...] hospital de Lima. Mtodos: Anlise da populao acima de 18 anos que iniciou o tratamento entre 1 de janeiro de 2012 e 31 de dezembro de 2013, com data de corte final do acompanhamento em 31 de maro de 2014. Foi realizada regresso logstica bivariada e multivariada dos fatores associados com a mortalidade e usadas as curvas de Kaplan-Meier para determinar a probabilidade de sobrevivncia durante o acompanhamento. Resultados: Foram includos 235 pacientes para estudo, com idade mdia de 56,4 15,8 anos. A mediana de acompanhamento foi 0,6 anos (IQR 0,3 a 1,5). A pesquisa mostra que 50% dos pacientes abandonaram o tratamento durante o estudo por falta de vagas ou recursos econmicos. No final do terceiro ms, a mortalidade foi 37,7% (IC 95% 29,3 a 48,5) e 49,5% (IC 95% 38,8 a 61,4) ao stimo ms. A mortalidade foi menor quando o paciente tinha mais de seis meses com diagnstico de doena insuficincia renal crnica (OR = 0,39 [IC 95% 0,12-1,27]) e quando o paciente ingressava dilise programada (OR = 0,28 [IC 95% 0,01 a 2,28]). Concluso: Metade dos pacientes foi a bito no stimo ms de seguimento. Ter ingressado com dilise programada e ter mais tempo de diagnstico foi associado menor mortalidade. Abstract in english Abstract Introduction: The Peruvian Ministry of Health does not have a national program of hemodialysis and hospitals that offer it have coverage problems, which may result in increased mortality. Objective: We evaluated mortality of a population with incident hemodialysis in a Peruvian public hospi [...] tal as well as its associated factors. Methods: Retrospective and descriptive study of a population over 18 years-old who started treatment between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2013 with the final follow-up day on31 March 2014. We used bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models to evaluate factors associated with mortality and Kaplan Meier curves were used to determine the probability of survival. Results: We included 235 patients with a mean age of 56.4 15.8 years. Median follow-up was 0.6 years (IQR 0.3 to 1.5). 50% of years withdrew from therapy during the study for lack of financial resources or space available. The third month mortality was 37.7% (95% CI 4.7 to 48.5) and 49.5% (95% CI 5.8 to 61.4) at 7 months. There was a trend towards lower mortality when patients had more than 6 months with a diagnosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD) (OR = 0.39 [95% CI 0.12 to 1.27]) and when the patient was admitted with scheduled dialysis (OR = 0.28 [95% CI 0.01 to 2.28]). Conclusion: Half of patients died within seven months of follow-up. Scheduled dialysis and having longer time with CKD diagnosis tend to be associated with lower mortality

  15. Regional Anticoagulation with Citrate is Superior to Systemic Anticoagulation with Heparin in Critically Ill Patients Undergoing Continuous Venovenous Hemodiafiltration

    Park, Joon-Sung; Kim, Gheun-Ho; Kang, Chong Myung; Lee, Chang Hwa

    2011-01-01

    Background/Aims Short hemofilter survival and anticoagulation-related life-threatening complications are major problems in systemic anticoagulation with heparin (SAH) for continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). The present study examined if regional anticoagulation with citrate (RAC) using commercially available solutions can overcome the associated problems of SAH to produce economical benefits. Methods Forty-six patients were assigned to receive SAH or RAC. We assessed the coagulation ...

  16. Evaluation of a Continuing Professional Development program for first year student pharmacists undergoing an Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience

    Toyin Tofade, MS, PharmD, BCPS, CPCC, Pharmacotherapy Director, Wake Area Health Education Center and Clinical Associate Professor, Division of Pharmacy Practice and Experiential Education; Brianna Franklin, student, fourth professional year; Bennett Noell, student, fourth professional year 1; Kim Leadon, MEd, Clinical Assistant Professor and Director of Experiential Education, Division of Pharmacy Practice and Experiential Education

    2011-01-01

    Objectives: The purpose of the study was to evaluate a live and online training program for first year pharmacy students in implementing Continuing Professional Development (CPD) principles (Reflect, Plan, Act, and Evaluate), writing SMART learning objectives, and documenting learning activities prior to and during a hospital introductory professional practice experience.Design: Cohort Study. Setting: Introductory professional practice experience. Participants: First year (PY1) students at th...

  17. Evaluation of a Continuing Professional Development program for first year student pharmacists undergoing an Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience

    Toyin Tofade, MS, PharmD, BCPS, CPCC, Pharmacotherapy Director, Wake Area Health Education Center and Clinical Associate Professor, Division of Pharmacy Practice and Experiential Education

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The purpose of the study was to evaluate a live and online training program for first year pharmacy students in implementing Continuing Professional Development (CPD principles (Reflect, Plan, Act, and Evaluate, writing SMART learning objectives, and documenting learning activities prior to and during a hospital introductory professional practice experience.Design: Cohort Study. Setting: Introductory professional practice experience. Participants: First year (PY1 students at the University of North Carolina Eshelman School of Pharmacy. Intervention: Live training or online training to introduce the concept of Continuing Professional Development in practice. Main Outcomes: Implementation of CPD principles through 1 completed pre-rotation education action plans with specific, measurable, achievable, relevant and time-bound (SMART learning objectives; and 2 completed learning activity worksheets post-rotation indicating stimuli for learning, resources used and accomplished learning. objectives; and 3 documented suggestions and content feedback for future lectures and pharmaceutical care lab experiences. Results: Out of the whole cohort (N=154, 14 (87.5% live (in person trainees and 122 (88% online trainees submitted an education action plan. Objectives were scored using a rubric on a scale of 1-5. A rating of 5 means “satisfactory”, 3 means “work in progress” and 1 means “unacceptable”. There were significant differences between the mean live trainee scores and the mean online trainee scores for the following respective section comparisons: Specific 4.7 versus 3.29 (p<0.001; Measurable 3.9 versus 2.05 (p<0.001; number of objectives 3.6 versus 4.6 (p<0.001; and average grade 92.9 versus 77.7 (p<0.001. Of the 396 learning activity worksheets reviewed, 75% selected discussion with peers and/or health providers as a stimulus for learning. Students reported spending an average of 50.2 hours completing the learning objectives. All of the pre-stated objectives were fulfilled completely or partially. Conclusion: Live trainees performed significantly better than online trainees in writing SMART learning objectives. With focused training, students are more capable of implementing principles of CPD.

  18. Chronic Inflammation Increases Risk in Hemodialysis Patients

    Razeghi Effat

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic inflammation is the cause of malnutrition and cardiovascular disease in hemodialysis patients. The purpose of this study was to assess C Reactive Protein (CRP as an inflammatory marker and to define the relationship between CRP and other inflammatory and nutritional factors in this group of patients. One hundred and fourteen hemodialysis patients undergoing chronic dialysis (3 times a week for at least 4 hours in two hemodialysis centers were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Anthropometric and laboratory data including CRP, Il-6, hemoglobin, serum ferritin, triglyceride, cholesterol, albumin, total protein and transferrin were measured. The Kt/V for adequacy of dialysis was also calculated. There was a statistically signi-ficant correlation between the mean CRP and albumin, hemoglobin, and transferrin; while such relation was not found with BMI, ferritin, the length of dialysis, triceps skin fold thickness, mid arm circumference, mid arm muscle circumference, and Kt/V. We conclude that the negative relationship between CRP and albumin, transferrin, and hemoglobin suggests a correlation bet-ween inflammatory and nutritional factors.

  19. Continuous Monitoring and Intrafraction Target Position Correction During Treatment Improves Target Coverage for Patients Undergoing SBRT Prostate Therapy

    Lovelock, D. Michael, E-mail: lovelocm@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Messineo, Alessandra P. [Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States); Cox, Brett W. [North Shore-Long Island Jewish Health System, New Hyde Park, New York (United States); Kollmeier, Marisa A.; Zelefsky, Michael J. [Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York (United States)

    2015-03-01

    Purpose: To compare the potential benefits of continuous monitoring of prostate position and intervention (CMI) using 2-mm displacement thresholds during stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) treatment to those of a conventional image-guided procedure involving single localization prior to treatment. Methods and Materials: Eighty-nine patients accrued to a prostate SBRT dose escalation protocol were implanted with radiofrequency transponder beacons. The planning target volume (PTV) margin was 5 mm in all directions, except for 3 mm in the posterior direction. The prostate was kept within 2 mm of its planned position by the therapists halting dose delivery and, if necessary, correcting the couch position. We computed the number, type, and time required for interventions and where the prostate would have been during dose delivery had there been, instead, a single image-guided setup procedure prior to each treatment. Distributions of prostate displacements were computed as a function of time. Results: After the initial setup, 1.7 interventions per fraction were required, with a concomitant increase in time for dose delivery of approximately 65 seconds. Small systematic drifts in prostate position in the posterior and inferior directions were observed in the study patients. Without CMI, intrafractional motion would have resulted in approximately 10% of patients having a delivered dose that did not meet our clinical coverage requirement, that is, a PTV D95 of >90%. The posterior PTV margin required for 95% of the dose to be delivered with the target positioned within the PTV was computed as a function of time. The margin necessary was found to increase by 2 mm every 5 minutes, starting from the time of the imaging procedure. Conclusions: CMI using a tight 2-mm displacement threshold was not only feasible but was found to deliver superior PTV coverage compared with the conventional image-guided procedure in the SBRT setting.

  20. Continuous Monitoring and Intrafraction Target Position Correction During Treatment Improves Target Coverage for Patients Undergoing SBRT Prostate Therapy

    Purpose: To compare the potential benefits of continuous monitoring of prostate position and intervention (CMI) using 2-mm displacement thresholds during stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) treatment to those of a conventional image-guided procedure involving single localization prior to treatment. Methods and Materials: Eighty-nine patients accrued to a prostate SBRT dose escalation protocol were implanted with radiofrequency transponder beacons. The planning target volume (PTV) margin was 5 mm in all directions, except for 3 mm in the posterior direction. The prostate was kept within 2 mm of its planned position by the therapists halting dose delivery and, if necessary, correcting the couch position. We computed the number, type, and time required for interventions and where the prostate would have been during dose delivery had there been, instead, a single image-guided setup procedure prior to each treatment. Distributions of prostate displacements were computed as a function of time. Results: After the initial setup, 1.7 interventions per fraction were required, with a concomitant increase in time for dose delivery of approximately 65 seconds. Small systematic drifts in prostate position in the posterior and inferior directions were observed in the study patients. Without CMI, intrafractional motion would have resulted in approximately 10% of patients having a delivered dose that did not meet our clinical coverage requirement, that is, a PTV D95 of >90%. The posterior PTV margin required for 95% of the dose to be delivered with the target positioned within the PTV was computed as a function of time. The margin necessary was found to increase by 2 mm every 5 minutes, starting from the time of the imaging procedure. Conclusions: CMI using a tight 2-mm displacement threshold was not only feasible but was found to deliver superior PTV coverage compared with the conventional image-guided procedure in the SBRT setting

  1. Skeletal Health After Continuation, Withdrawal, or Delay of Alendronate in Men With Prostate Cancer Undergoing Androgen-Deprivation Therapy

    Greenspan, Susan L.; Nelson, Joel B.; Trump, Donald L.; Wagner, Julie M.; Miller, Megan E.; Perera, Subashan; Resnick, Neil M.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose Androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer is associated with bone loss and osteoporotic fractures. Our objective was to examine changes in bone density and turnover with sustained, discontinued, or delayed oral bisphosphonate therapy in men receiving ADT. Patients and Methods A total of 112 men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer receiving ADT were randomly assigned to alendronate 70 mg once weekly or placebo in a double-blind, partial-crossover trial with a second random assignment at year 2 for those who initially received active therapy. Outcomes included bone mineral density and bone turnover markers. Results Men initially randomly assigned to alendronate and randomly reassigned at year 2 to continue had additional bone density gains at the spine (mean, 2.3% ± 0.7) and hip (mean, 1.3% ± 0.5%; both P < .01); those randomly assigned to placebo in year 2 maintained density at the spine and hip but lost (mean, −1.9% ± 0.6%; P < .01) at the forearm. Patients randomly assigned to begin alendronate in year 2 experienced improvements in bone mass at the spine and hip, but experienced less of an increase compared with those who initiated alendronate at baseline. Men receiving alendronate for 2 years experienced a mean 6.7% (± 1.2%) increase at the spine and a 3.2% (± 1.5%) at the hip (both P < .05). Bone turnover remained suppressed. Conclusion Among men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer receiving ADT, once-weekly alendronate improves bone density and decreases turnover. A second year of alendronate provides additional skeletal benefit, whereas discontinuation results in bone loss and increased bone turnover. Delay in bisphosphonate therapy appears detrimental to bone health. PMID:18802155

  2. Music for Hemodialysis patients

    Gross, B; Ketema Wassie, F; Agnholt, Hanne; Bjerre, R; Laursen, Birgitte Schantz

    Music for hemodialysis patients Background Patients starting a new regimen of dialysis often experience anxiety and other psychological disturbances. They struggle with the unknown situation, feelings of uncertainty and on top of that, a high level of sophisticated technological equipment. Music is...

  3. Hemodialysis Dose and Adequacy

    ... Disease Organizations​​ . (PDF, 345 KB)​​​​​ Alternate Language URL Hemodialysis Dose and Adequacy Page Content On this page: ... patient is getting good clearance. Increase Time on Dialysis The other way to improve the Kt in ...

  4. The economic burden of hemodialysis in Jordan

    Emad Adel Al-Shdaifat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hemodialysis treatment is a costly procedure that requires specific resources. It has a considerable burden on patients, caregivers, and healthcare system. The aim of this study was to estimate the economic burden borne by the Ministry of Health (MOH in Jordan, with a focus on direct medical, direct non-medical, and indirect cost. Materials and Methods:The study was conducted at MOH hospitals in Jordan, from August to November 2010. A total of 138 patients and 49 caregivers were involved in the study. An economic evaluation study was used to analyze the burden of hemodialysis treatment at MOH, Jordan. Direct medical costs were estimated through micro and macro costing from the provider′s perspective. Patients′ and caregivers′ costs were included to calculate direct non-medical costs. Human capital approach was employed to evaluate the productivity loss for indirect cost and premature death and potential year life loss was used to estimate the premature death cost. Results: The total burden of hemodialysis at MOH, Jordan was USD17.70 million per year. Cost per session was $72 and the annual cost per patient was $9976. Direct medical cost was $7.20 million (41% and direct non-medical cost was $2.02 million (11%. On the other hand, indirect cost (productivity loss was $8.48 million (48%. All 722 patients on hemodialysis at MOH hospitals consumed 2.7% of MOH budget. Conclusions: Costs of treating and managing patients on hemodialysis at MOH hospitals in Jordan are substantial. Therefore, efforts should be taken to slow down the progress of renal failure to save resources and a comparative study with other modalities, such as continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplantation, should be considered.

  5. Survival analysis of patients on maintenance hemodialysis.

    Chandrashekar, A; Ramakrishnan, S; Rangarajan, D

    2014-07-01

    Despite the continuous improvement of dialysis technology and pharmacological treatment, mortality rates for dialysis patients are still high. A 2-year prospective study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital to determine the factors influencing survival among patients on maintenance hemodialysis. 96 patients with end-stage renal disease surviving more than 3 months on hemodialysis (8-12 h/week) were studied. Follow-up was censored at the time of death or at the end of 2-year study period, whichever occurred first. Of the 96 patients studied (mean age 49.74 ± 14.55 years, 75% male and 44.7% diabetics), 19 died with an estimated mortality rate of 19.8%. On an age-adjusted multivariate analysis, female gender and hypokalemia independently predicted mortality. In Cox analyses, patient survival was associated with delivered dialysis dose (single pool Kt/V, hazard ratio [HR] =0.01, P = 0.016), frequency of hemodialysis (HR = 3.81, P = 0.05) and serum albumin (HR = 0.24, P = 0.005). There was no significant difference between diabetes and non-diabetes in relation to death (Relative Risk = 1.109; 95% CI = 0.49-2.48, P = 0.803). This study revealed that mortality among hemodialysis patients remained high, mostly due to sepsis and ischemic heart disease. Patient survival was better with higher dialysis dose, increased frequency of dialysis and adequate serum albumin level. Efforts at minimizing infectious complications, preventing cardiovascular events and improving nutrition should increase survival among hemodialysis patients. PMID:25097332

  6. Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infections in Patients on Emergent Hemodialysis.

    Rojas-Moreno, Christian A; Spiegel, Daniel; Yalamanchili, Venkata; Kuo, Elizabeth; Quinones, Henry; Sreeramoju, Pranavi V; Luby, James P

    2016-03-01

    OBJECTIVE This study had 2 objectives: (1) to describe the epidemiology of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who have no access to scheduled dialysis and (2) to evaluate whether a positive culture of the heparin-lock solution is associated with subsequent development of bacteremia. DESIGN Retrospective observational cohort design for objective 1; and prospective cohort design for objective 2. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS The study was conducted in a 770-bed public academic tertiary hospital in Dallas, Texas. The participants were patients with ESRD undergoing scheduled or emergent hemodialysis. METHODS We reviewed the records of 147 patients who received hemodialysis between January 2011 and May 2011 and evaluated the rate of CRBSI in the previous 5 years. For the prospective study, we cultured the catheter heparin-lock solution in 62 consecutive patients between June 2012 and August 2012 and evaluated the incidence of CRBSI at 6 months. RESULTS Of the 147 patients on emergent hemodialysis, 125 had a tunneled catheter, with a CRBSI rate of 2.61 per 1,000 catheter days. The predominant organisms were Gram-negative rods (GNR). In the prospective study, we found that the dialysis catheter was colonized more frequently in patients on emergent hemodialysis than in those on scheduled hemodialysis. Colonization with GNR or Staphylococcus aureus was associated with subsequent CRBSI at 6 months follow-up. CONCLUSIONS Patients undergoing emergent hemodialysis via tunneled catheter are predisposed to Gram-negative CRBSI. Culturing the heparin-lock solution may predict subsequent episodes of CRBSI if it shows colonization with GNR or Staphylococcus aureus. Prevention approaches in this population need to be studied further. Infect. Control Hosp. Epidemiol. 2016;37(3):301-305. PMID:26607662

  7. Colonization of temporary hemodialysis catheters

    ?eref Yksel; Grsel Acartrk; ?hsan Uslan; Mehmet lbay; zcan Karaman; Zeki Arslan; Zafer etinkaya; Serap Demir

    2006-01-01

    Objective: Catheter colonization is a necessary step in catheter related bacteremia but pathogenesis hasnt been clarified recently. In our study, we aimed to detect the incidence of catheter colonization and related parameters in patients with indwelling hemodialysis catheters. Material and Method: The data of 43 hemodialysis patients using temporary hemodialysis catheters were evaluated retrospectively. The relation between colonization and factors that affect catheter colonization such as ...

  8. Effect of vitamin E supplementation on oxidative stress in hemodialysis patients

    Bhogade, R. B.; Suryakar, A. N.; Joshi, N. G.; Patil, R. Y.

    2008-01-01

    Hemodialysis represents a chronic stress status for its recipients. Many hypotheses state that this may be associated with oxidative stress. Thus, there may be deficiency of antioxidants like erythrocytic superoxide dismutase, catalase, vitamin E or increased generation of free radicals like superoxide anions. A study was carried out to investigate oxidant and antioxidant status in chronic renal failure patients undergoing hemodialysis and effect of vitamin E supplementation on these two stat...

  9. Temporal Risk Profile for Infectious and Noninfectious Complications of Hemodialysis Access

    Ravani, Pietro; Gillespie, Brenda W.; Quinn, Robert Ross; MacRae, Jennifer; Manns, Braden; Mendelssohn, David; Tonelli, Marcello; Hemmelgarn, Brenda; James, Matthew; Pannu, Neesh; Robinson, Bruce M.; ZHANG, XIN; Pisoni, Ronald

    2013-01-01

    Vascular access complications are a major cause of morbidity in patients undergoing hemodialysis, and determining how the risks of different complications vary over the life of an access may benefit the design of prevention strategies. We used data from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) to assess the temporal profiles of risks for infectious and noninfectious complications of fistulas, grafts, and tunneled catheters in incident hemodialysis patients. We used longitudin...

  10. Effect of Hemodialysis on Serum Copper and Zinc Levels in Kidney Disease Patients

    Bhogade, Rajashri B.; Suryakar, Adinath N.; Joshi, Nitin G.

    2013-01-01

    For human beings trace elements are essential nutrients with a gamut of functions. Available data regarding trace element status in hemodialysis patients are contradictory. The present study was aimed to investigate possible existence of trace element disturbances in uremic patients undergoing dialysis treatment. Blood samples of forty hemodialysis patients and twenty healthy controls were analyzed for quantitation of copper and zinc. The study revealed that serum copper and zinc ...

  11. Prediction of malnutrition using modified subjective global assessment-dialysis malnutrition score in patients on hemodialysis

    Vasantha Janardhan; Soundararajan, P.; N Vanitha Rani; Kannan, G.; Thennarasu, P.; Rosney Ann Chacko; C Uma Maheswara Reddy

    2011-01-01

    Malnutrition is widely prevalent among patients on hemodialysis. Malnutrition can be estimated using a fully quantitative scoring system Subjective Global Assessment-Dialysis Malnutrition Score which is simple, reliable and dynamic. The primary objective of the study was to assess the severity of malnutrition in patients with end stage renal disease and undergoing hemodialysis in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Chennai, using Subjective Global Asses sment-Dialysis Malnutrition Score and ...

  12. Hiperpigmentação cutânea em pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica em hemodiálise infectados pelo vírus da hepatite C Increased skin pigmentation in patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis infected with the hepatitis C virus

    Humberto Kukhyun Choi

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: A hiperpigmentação cutânea é comumente encontrada em pacientes portadores de insuficiência renal crônica (IRC, sendo também uma das manifestações mais evidentes da Porfiria Cutânea Tarda (PCT. Essa doença, que tem sido relatada em pacientes em hemodiálise (HD, tem como um dos fatores precipitantes a infecção pelo vírus da hepatite C (HCV. Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar a prevalência de hiperpigmentação cutânea difusa em pacientes com IRC infectados pelo HCV. MÉTODOS: Foi desenvolvido um estudo transversal com 47 pacientes (idade média de 50,35 ± 15,16 anos, 31 homens e 16 mulheres que estavam realizando hemodiálise na Unidade de Diálise do Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: grupo 1, anti-HCV positivos (n=17, e grupo 2, anti-HCV negativos (n=30. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de pacientes com hiperpigmentação cutânea relacionada a HD foi de 36,2% (n=17. Havia 10 pacientes (58,8 % no grupo 1 e sete pacientes (23,3% no grupo 2 (Razão de Risco de 2,52 e Intervalo de Confiança de 95% de 1,18 a 5,4; pBACKGROUND: Skin pigmentation is commonly found in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF. This symptom is also one of the most evident features of Porphyria Cutanea Tarda (PCT. Hepatitis C virus (HCV is an important precipitating agent of this disease, which has been described in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD. In this paper, we intend to evaluate the prevalence of difuse skin hyperpigmentation in patients with CRF infected with the HCV. METHODS: We developed a transversal study with 47 patients (mean age 50,35 + 15,16 years; 31 men and 16 women who were on hemodialysis in march of 2001 at the Unit of Dialysis of Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre. Patients were divided in two groups: group 1, anti-HCV positives (n=17, and group 2, anti-HCV negatives (n=30. RESULTS: The prevalence of skin hyperpigmentation related to HD was 36,2% (n=17. There were 10 patients (58,8% in group 1 and 7 (23,3% in group 2 (Odds Ratio of 2,52 and 95% Confidence Interval of 1,18-5,4; p<0,05. Among patients who have undergone HD for until 36 months (n=24, 6 were anti-HCV positive and 3 of tham (50% mentioned skin pigmentation (OR of 9,0 and 95%CI of 1,1-71,0; p<0,05. Patients from group 2 who referenced the symptom have been on HD for a longer period than those who did not (63,85 + 11,9 vs. 29,3 + 4,71 months; p<0,05. CONCLUSIONS: HCV infection was associated with increased skin hyperpigmentation in patients with CRF undergoing HD. Time on treatment was also associated with this signal.

  13. Nosocomial infective endocarditis in Hemodialysis

    There is an increased risk of infective endocarditis catheterization usedfor Hemodialysis. We report a case of a young man who had endocarditissecondary to the use of a permanent jugular catheter for hemodialysis. Bloodcultures were repeatedly negative, but vegetations were seen on the tricuspidvalve on echocardiography. A high index of suspicion is recommended for thisserious complication. (author)

  14. The effect of continuous low dose methylprednisolone infusion on inflammatory parameters in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a randomized-controlled clinical trial.

    Abbas Ghiasi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This trial was performed to determine if a continuous low-dose infusion of methylprednisolone is as effective as its bolus of high-dose in reducing inflammatory response. The study was single-center, double-blinded randomized clinical trial and performed in a surgical intensive care unit of an academic hospital. In this study, 72 consecutive patients undergoing elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG were assigned to receive either a methylprednisolone loading dose (1mg/kg followed by continuous infusion (2mg/Kg/24 hours for 1 day (low-dose regime or a single dose of methylprednisolone (15 mg/kg before cardiopulmonary bypass (high dose regime. Serum concentrations of IL-6 and C- reactive protein (CRP were measured preoperatively and 6, 24 and 48 hours after surgery, and serum creatinine was measured before the operation and 24, 48 and 72 hours postoperatively. The measurements were then compared between the groups to evaluate the efficacy of each regimen. The basic characteristics and measurements were not different between the study groups. There was no significant difference in IL-6 and CRP elevation (P=0.52 and P=0.46, respectively. Early outcomes such as the length of stay in the intensive care unit, intubation time, changes in serum creatinine and blood glucose levels, inotropic support, insulin requirements, and rate of infection were also similar in both groups. A continuous low dose infusion of methylprednisolone was as effective as a single high dose methylprednisolone in reducing the inflammatory response after CABG with extracorporeal circulation with no significant difference in the postoperative measurements and outcomes.

  15. The efficacy of hemodialysis in interventional therapy in coronary artery disease patients with chronic renal insufficiency.

    Zhai, Hongxia; Li, Liang; Yin, Yaxin; Zhang, Jinjin; Chen, Haiwei; Liu, Runmei; Xia, Yun-Feng

    2016-04-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the efficacy and safety of hemodialysis in interventional therapy for patients with coronary artery disease combined with chronic renal insufficiency. With the aging and social development, the number of coronary artery disease patients with chronic renal insufficiency gradually increased. Total 58 coronary heart disease patients with chronic renal dysfunction were selected. These patients were characterized with typical angina symptoms and typical electrocardiogram (ECG) changes of onset angina. Continuous oral administration of sodium bicarbonate tablets 1?g 3/day??3 days and slow intravenous input sodium chloride 1000 ?1500 mL 3-12?h before operation were given. By this way, all patients were treated by hydration and alkalization. After percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treatment, patients were immediately transferred to undergo 4?h of dialysis treatment without removing indwelling of femoral artery puncture sheath tube to protect renal function. Changes in renal function including serum creatinine, glomerular filtration rate, and urine were observed and recorded. All patients were successfully underwent PCI treatment. Within one month after PCI, there were no obvious complication and no stent thrombosis occurred. Among of 58 patients, 56 cases showed no significant increase in serum creatinine levels compared with those before operation. However, serum creatinine level of one patient increased to 251?umol/L and one patient still required permanent dialysis. Using hemodialysis in interventional therapy in coronary artery disease patients with chronic renal insufficiency could significantly improve the prognosis of the patients. PMID:26853771

  16. Rising burden of Hepatitis C Virus in hemodialysis patients

    Naseemullah,; Khan Shahid; Ayaz Sultan; Ali Ijaz; Attaullah Sobia; Khan Sanaullah; Siraj Sami; Khan Jabbar

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Aim High prevalence of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has been reported among the dialysis patients throughout the world. No serious efforts were taken to investigate HCV in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) treatment who are at great increased risk to HCV. HCV genotypes are important in the study of epidemiology, pathogenesis and reaction to antiviral therapy. This study was performed to investigate the prevalence of active HCV infection, HCV genotypes and to assess risk factors associ...

  17. Topical Capsaicin Therapy for Uremic Pruritus in Patients on Hemodialysis

    Atieh Makhlough

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Pruritus is one of the common problems in patients on hemodialysis. There are several causes for pruritus, and different treatment modalities are applied to control it. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of capsaicin on pruritus, compared with placebo, in patients on hemodialysis.Materials and Methods. This randomized double-blinded cross-over clinical trial was performed on 34 patients on hemodialysis with uremic pruritus. The patients were divided into 2 groups, one group received capsaicin 0.03% and the other, placebo, for 4 weeks. Treatment was stopped for 2 weeks as washout period and continued as a cross-over technique. Pruritus scores were analyzed and compared.Results. Thirty-four patients on long-term hemodialysis, 14 men and 20 women with a mean age of 57.0 ± 18.6 years were studied. The mean of pruritus score before capsaicin treatment was 15.9 ± 6.3, which was reduced to 6.4 ± 3.9, 4.7 ± 3.1, 3.2 ± 2.9, and 2.5 ± 2.5 on weeks 1 to 4, respectively (P Conclusions. Capsaicin is a new safe and effective topical treatment for hemodialysis-induced pruritus in patients with end-stage renal disease.

  18. Longitudinal study of leptin levels in chronic hemodialysis patients

    Averbukh Zhan

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The influence of serum leptin levels on nutritional status and survival in chronic hemodialysis patients remained to be elucidated. We conducted a prospective longitudinal study of leptin levels and nutritional parameters to determine whether changes of serum leptin levels modify nutritional status and survival in a cohort of prevalent hemodialysis patients. Methods Leptin, dietary energy and protein intake, biochemical markers of nutrition and body composition (anthropometry and bioimpedance analysis were measured at baseline and at 6, 12, 18 and 24 months following enrollment, in 101 prevalent hemodialysis patients (37% women with a mean age of 64.6 ± 11.5 years. Observation of this cohort was continued over 2 additional years. Changes in repeated measures were evaluated, with adjustment for baseline differences in demographic and clinical parameters. Results Significant reduction of leptin levels with time were observed (linear estimate: -2.5010 ± 0.57 ng/ml/2y; p Conclusions Thus leptin levels reflect fat mass depots, rather than independently contributing to uremic anorexia or modifying nutritional status and/or survival in chronic hemodialysis patients. The importance of such information is high if leptin is contemplated as a potential therapeutic target in hemodialysis patients.

  19. Nocturnal intermittent hemodialysis.

    Thumfart, Julia; Mller, Dominik

    2015-05-01

    Preemptive renal transplantation is the method of choice for end stage renal disease in childhood and adolescence. However, without preemptive transplantation, waiting time for kidney transplantation might exceed several years. The poor quality of life and the extremely high morbidity and mortality rates of dialysis patients have led to the development of intensified hemodialysis programs in which the modes of dialysis (short daily, nocturnal intermittent or daily nocturnal) are different. Such programs have been shown to significantly improve several uremia-associated parameters, such as blood pressure, phosphate control, anemia and growth retardation, in both adult and pediatric (children and adolescents) patients and lead to a reduction in medications, including phosphate binders, erythropoietin and antihypertensive agents. Fluid limitations and dietary restrictions can also be lifted. With respect to psychosocial rehabilitation and quality of life, nocturnal intermittent dialysis programs provide a reasonable compromise of all forms of intensified programs. Experiences and practical approaches of our own in-center nocturnal intermittent hemodialysis program in the light of the recent publications are described in this review. PMID:25103600

  20. Amyloid osteoarthropathy in long term hemodialysis patients

    The accumulation of amyloid in the bone and joint system has recently been recognized as a peculiar disease in patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis (5 years at least), especially in those who use cuprophan membranes. The pathology of amyloidosis is characterized by deposits of amyloid (β microglobulin mainly) in the bone, in the synovia, and in pericapsular soft tissues. The skeleton of 46 long-term hemodialysis patients (19 males and 27 females) was studied by X-ray; bone and joint abnormalities due to amyloid deposition were observed in 45% of cases. The shoulder, hip, and wrist were the most frequently involved joints. Destructive spondyloarthorapathy was present in 15% of cases. The radiographic patterns of AOD are generally divided into axial and peripheral lesions. In the appendicular skeleton abnormalities include: well-defined lytic areas (geodes), pathologic fractures, marginal erosions, and particular soft tissue swelling. Destructive spondyloarthropathy is frequently present in the cervical spine (85% of our cases) and is characterized by narrowing of the invertebral space, marginal erosion, and subchondral bone sclerosis of the vertebral body

  1. HEMODIALYSIS THERAPY SUSTAINED LOW EFFICIENCY DAILY DIALISIS FOR CHRONIC KIDNEY DESEASE PATIENT IN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT

    Gede Andry Nicolas

    2013-01-01

    Kidney failure is a clinical condition characterized by an irreversible decline in kidney function, to a degree that requires the permanent renal replacement therapy, in the form of dialysis or kidney transplantation. Dialysis consists of two major categories such as dialysis / hemodialysis intermittent and continuous dialysis / continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). SLEDD is the latest technique of renal replacement therapy that uses conventional hemodialysis equipment, but the therape...

  2. Oxidative stress and lipoperoxides in patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment

    Soška, V.; Lojek, Antonín; Číž, Milan; Sobotová, D.

    Elsevier. Roč. 144, č. 1 (1999), s. 41-42. ISSN 0021-9150. [Congress of the European Atherosclerosis Society /71./. 26.05.1999-29.05.1999, Athens] Institutional research plan: CEZ:A17/98:Z5-004-9-ii Subject RIV: EC - Immunology

  3. The oral health status of children undergoing hemodialysis treatment.

    Ertuğrul, Fahinur; Elbek-Cubukçu, Ciğdem; Sabah, Ertuğrul; Mir, Sevgi

    2003-01-01

    In this study, we investigated the oral status of children suffering from end-stage renal disease (ESRD) with the aim of determining the causes of low caries prevalence in this population (using the CRT bacteria and buffer test), and compared results with a control group (n=38). In the study group, there were 38 children (aged 4-17 years) who were being treated in pediatric nephrology units at three different hospitals in Izmir, Turkey. The study and control groups did not significantly differ in daily tooth brushing frequency and periodic dental check-up frequency. Severe enamel hypoplasia was present in the study group. Dmft, DMFT, gingival and plaque indices were compared statistically in mixed dentition stage with the control group and dmft and gingival status showed a statistically significant difference (pchemicals such as urea in the saliva of children with ESRD, decreased levels of cariogenic microorganisms were detected. Therefore, although dental treatment need is not high, these children should receive dental health education, including oral hygiene instruction, in order to improve their overall oral health. PMID:12921296

  4. Proteomic Investigations into Hemodialysis Therapy

    Mario Bonomini; Vittorio Sirolli; Luisa Pieroni; Paolo Felaco; Luigi Amoroso; Andrea Urbani

    2015-01-01

    The retention of a number of solutes that may cause adverse biochemical/biological effects, called uremic toxins, characterizes uremic syndrome. Uremia therapy is based on renal replacement therapy, hemodialysis being the most commonly used modality. The membrane contained in the hemodialyzer represents the ultimate determinant of the success and quality of hemodialysis therapy. Membrane’s performance can be evaluated in terms of removal efficiency for unwanted solutes and excess fluid, and m...

  5. The effect of group training implemented on hemodialysis patients for their stress management, psychosocial adjustment and self-care strength

    Hülya Fırat Kılıç; Sule Ecevit Alpar

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The current study was made with the objective of determining the effect of group training implemented on hemodialysis patients for their stress management, psychosocial adjustment and self-care strength. Method and Material: The single group pre-experiment model with pre-test – post-test was used. The participants were selected from a group of 100 patients who were undergoing treatment in 2011, at the Hemodialysis Units of two state hospitals in North Cyprus. The sampling compose...

  6. Laparoendoscopic Single-Site (LESS) Retroperitoneal Radical Nephrectomy in a Patient with Renal Cell Carcinoma Receiving Hemodialysis

    Mika Takahashi; Fuminori Sato; Takeo Nomura; Yasuhiro Sumino; Hiromitsu Mimata

    2011-01-01

    We present here the patient undergoing laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) retroperitoneal radical nephrectomy while receiving hemodialysis. An 81-year-old man under hemodialysis for 6 years was incidentally discovered to have two left renal masses with acquired cystic disease of the kidney (ACDK). A 4-cm flank incision for GelPort was made. Three trocars were inserted into the retroperitoneum through GelPort. After division of the renal vessels and ureter, the kidney was placed into the extr...

  7. Pruritus in hemodialysis patients

    Khamesan Behnaz

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pruritus is one of the most bothersome symptoms in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD, however little progress is seen in our understanding of its pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of pruritus in HD patients in Tehran, Iran, and to correlate its presence and intensity with relevant clinical and laboratory parameters. Methods One hundred sixty-seven patients on maintenance HD at three out-patient HD units were enrolled in the study. Itch intensity was scored as mild, moderate and severe. Some relevant clinical and laboratory parameters (age, sex, xerosis, presence of neuropathy, duration of dialysis, history of atopy and laboratory findings including hematocrit, creatinine, urea, calcium, phosphorus, parathyroid hormone [PTH] and alkaline phosphatase were evaluated. Results Pruritus was found in 41.9% of patients. The intensity of itching was mild, moderate and severe, in 51.4%, 11.4% and 37.7% of patients, respectively. In 22 patients (31.4% pruritus intensified during and after dialysis. There was no significant difference in the serum levels of creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, PTH and hematocrit between patients with and without pruritus. Age, sex, xerosis, underlying renal disease, history of atopy and duration of haemodialysis were not significantly different between the two groups. However, neuropathy was significantly more common in the pruritic group (63.8% versus 42.1% (pv = 0.006. Conclusion Clinical neuropathy was the only significant finding in the pruritic group in our study. This finding justifies further research on nerve function and neurotransmitters in hemodialysis patients and the introduction of new drugs targeting neuropathy.

  8. Ultrapure Water System for Hemodialysis Therapy

    2011-07-21

    The Change of Biomarkers CRP, CBC With the Use of Ultra Pure Water System for; Hemodialysis.; The Rate of Adverse Events Such as Hypotension During Hemodialysis Therapy With Ultra Pure Water; System as Compared to Conventional Water System.

  9. Cognitive function among hemodialysis patients in Japan

    Saitoh Hisao

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Over 290,000 patients are undergoing hemodialysis (HD in Japan. With old age, the odds of undergoing HD treatment sharply increase, as does the prevalence of cognitive impairment. The aim of the present work was to assess cognitive impairment in HD patients and its relation to clinical characteristics. Methods Using a cross-sectional design, we administered the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE to 154 HD outpatients and 852 participants from the Iwaki Health Promotion Project 2010, representing the general population. Results The prevalence of cognitive impairment based on the MMSE was 18.8% in HD patients. HD patients showed a higher prevalence of cognitive impairment in older groups (50 years and older. In a logistic regression model with age, gender and amount of education as covariates, undergoing HD was a significant independent factor (OR = 2.28, 95% CI 1.33 to 3.94 associated with a lower MMSE score. Among HD patients, we found that level of education was associated with MMSE score. Conclusions There is a high prevalence of cognitive impairment among HD patients that has adverse implications for hospitalization and shortens their life expectancy. HD treatment was an independent risk factor for cognitive impairment. Clinicians should carefully monitor and treat cognitive impairment in HD patients. Further studies are required to determine the reasons for cognitive impairment in HD patients.

  10. Rethinking the restriction on nutrition during hemodialysis treatment.

    Kistler, Brandon M; Fitschen, Peter J; Ikizler, T Alp; Wilund, Kenneth R

    2015-03-01

    The annual mortality rate for patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) treatment in the United States is 20%, a rate higher than most other countries in the world. Poor nutrition status in MHD patients contributes to this adverse outcome as well as poor quality of life. Providing oral nutrition to MHD patients, especially during hemodialysis (HD) treatment has many potential benefits including improvements in nutrition status and attenuating HD-related muscle wasting. However, this practice is generally restricted in the United States presumably because of concerns that include worsening hemodynamic instability, reductions in treatment efficiency, and increased gastrointestinal symptoms. Despite widespread restrictions, few studies have adequately examined the effect of eating during HD on these outcomes, leaving many questions unanswered. This review outlines the current evidence regarding the effects of feeding during HD and provides potential future directions to outline the best practices in this controversial area. PMID:25443693

  11. Biofeedback systems and adaptive control hemodialysis treatment

    Azar Ahmad

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available On-line monitoring devices to control functions such as volume, body temperature, and ultrafiltration, were considered more toys than real tools for routine clinical application. However, bio-feedback blood volume controlled hemodialysis (HD is now possible in routine dialysis, allowing the delivery of a more physiologically acceptable treatment. This system has proved to reduce the incidence of intra-HD hypotension episodes significantly. Ionic dialysance and the patient′s plasma conductivity can be calculated easily from on-line measurements at two different steps of dialysate conductivity. A bio-feedback system has been devised to calculate the patient′s plasma conductivity and modulate the conductivity of the dialysate continuously in order to achieve a desired end-dialysis patient plasma conductivity corresponding to a desired end-dialysis plasma sodium concentration. Another bio-feedback system can control the body tempe-rature by measuring it at the arterial and venous lines of the extra-corporeal circuit, and then modulating the dialysate temperature in order to stabilize the patients′ temperature at constant values that result in improved intra-HD cardiovascular stability. The module can also be used to quantify vascular access recirculation. Finally, the simultaneous computer control of ultrafiltration has proven the most effective means for automatic blood pressure stabilization during hemo-dialysis treatment. The application of fuzzy logic in the blood-pressure-guided biofeedback con-trol of ultrafiltration during hemodialysis is able to minimize HD-induced hypotension. In con-clusion, online monitoring and adaptive control of the patient during the dialysis session using the bio-feedback systems is expected to render the process of renal replacement therapy more physiological and less eventful.

  12. An unusual case of cocoon abdomen in a patient on hemodialysis

    Jaryal, A.; Rathi, M.; Bal, A.; Goyal, A.; Ramachandran, R.; Kumar, V.; Kohli, H. S.; Gupta, K. L.

    2016-01-01

    Cocoon abdomen or sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction. It has been described in patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. The exact etiology is unknown, but pathogenesis rests on chronic peritoneal inflammation. No case has been reported so far in patients on hemodialysis. We hereby report a case of cocoon abdomen presenting as refractory ascites with intestinal obstruction in a patient on maintenance hemodialysis.

  13. Social adaptability and substance abuse: Predictors of depression among hemodialysis patients?

    Santos Paulo Roberto; Arcanjo Francisco Plácido Nogueira

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background Several aspects linked to social are involved in the onset of depressive feelings. We aimed to find out if social adaptability and substance abuse predict depression among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). Methods We included 145 ESRD patients undergoing HD. Social adaptability was estimated by the Social Adaptability Index (SAI). Substance abuse was defined according to SAI. We screened for depression by applying the 20-item version of ...

  14. Variable pulmonary manifestations in hemodialysis patients

    A wide variety of pulmonary disorders related to hemodialysis or pre-existing renal disease occurs in hemodialysis patients. The disorders may be classified as 1) pulmonary abnormalities associated with chronic renal failures; 2) pulmonary complications arising during hemodialysis; 3) pulmonary infection; or 4) pulmonary-renal syndrome. An awareness of the various possible pulmonary disorders arising in hemodialysis patients may be helpful for the proper and timely management of such patients. We describe and illustrate various radiographic and CT findings of variable pulmonary disorders in hemodialysis patients

  15. Rosuvastatin in diabetic hemodialysis patients

    Holdaas, Hallvard; Holme, Ingar; Schmieder, Roland E; Jardine, Alan G; Zannad, Faiez; Norby, Gudrun E; Fellström, Bengt C; Ladefoged, Søren Daustrand

    2011-01-01

    A randomized, placebo-controlled trial in diabetic patients receiving hemodialysis showed no effect of atorvastatin on a composite cardiovascular endpoint, but analysis of the component cardiac endpoints suggested that atorvastatin may significantly reduce risk. Because the AURORA (A Study to...... Evaluate the Use of Rosuvastatin in Subjects on Regular Hemodialysis: An Assessment of Survival and Cardiovascular Events) trial included patients with and without diabetes, we conducted a post hoc analysis to determine whether rosuvastatin might reduce the risk of cardiac events in diabetic patients...... receiving hemodialysis. Among the 731 participants with diabetes, traditional risk factors such as LDL-C, smoking, and BP did not associate with cardiac events (cardiac death and nonfatal myocardial infarction). At baseline, only age and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein were independent risk factors for...

  16. Distance between residence and the dialysis unit does not impact self-perceived outcomes in hemodialysis patients

    Santos Paulo; Arcanjo Francisco Plácido

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Patients have to travel long distances to undergo hemodialysis (HD) in some regions. We aimed to search for an association of the distance between patients’ residence and the dialysis unit with quality of life, depression and coping among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing maintenance HD. Methods We studied 161 ESRD patients undergoing HD during April 2009. Quality of life, depression and coping were assessed by the SF-36, the 10-item CES-D and the Jalowiec...

  17. Optimizing lithium dosing in hemodialysis

    Bjarnason, N H; Munkner, R; Kampmann, J P; Tornoe, C W; Ladefoged, Susanne; Dalhoff, K

    2006-01-01

    We studied a 62-year-old female hemodialysis patient during initiation and maintenance of lithium carbonate therapy. Three different methods were applied to estimate the regimen: a scenario based on volume of distribution (V(d)), a scenario based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and a scenario...... loading dose estimates. Furthermore, the maintenance dose estimated from the central compartment (V1) led to plasma concentrations within the therapeutic range. Thus, a regimen where 12.2 mmol lithium was given after each hemodialysis session resulted in stable between-dialysis plasma lithium...

  18. Referral pattern of hemodialysis patients to nephrologists

    To determine the referral pattern of dialysis patients to nephrologists and the effects of late referral on clinical, hematological and biochemical parameters in patients presenting for the first-time to dialysis center. This study was conducted on all patients of end stage renal diseases presenting for the first-time for undergoing hemodialysis at our center. Patients with acute renal failure were excluded from the study. At presentation, a history was taken from all the patients regarding seeking of nephrology services and referral pattern. Early and late referral was defined as the time of first referral or admission to a nephrologists greater or less than six months respectively before initiation of hemodialysis. All the patients were examined and their blood sample was drawn at the same time for routine hematological, biochemical parameters (urea, creatinine, serum potassium, calcium, phosphate and albumin) and viral markers (Anti HCV and HbsAg). In this study, 248 patients were enrolled, amongst them, 131 (52.8%) were male and 117 (47.2%) were female. Major causes of renal failure were diabetes mellitus, chronic glomerulonephritis and hypertension. Most of the patients were euvolemic and hypertensive. Sixty percent of patients were having very high urea (>200 mg/dl) and creatinine (>8.0 mg/dl). Most of the patients, 226 (91.1%), were anemic (Hemoglobin <11gm/dl) and 224 (90%) were hypoalbuminemic (serum albumin < 4gm/dl) on first presentation. Majority of patients were hyperkalemic, 139 (56.0%), hypocalcemic, 168 (67.7%) and serum phosphate level was high in only 117 (47%) patients. All the patients presented in emergency room to nephrologists at very late stage (100% late referral), when disease was very much advanced. All of them did not have permanent vascular access for hemodialysis on first presentation to dialysis center. Reasons for late referral were non-availability of nephrologists and nephrology services, non-renal doctors biased, unawareness and training of medical professionals for these patients, patients own denial for dialysis, fear and wrong perception about dialysis procedure, socioeconomic factors and use of non-evidenced based treatment modalities. (author)

  19. Fiberoptic monitoring of central venous oxygen saturation (PediaSat in small children undergoing cardiac surgery: continuous is not continuous [v3; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/3qt

    Francesca G. Iodice

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Monitoring of superior vena cava saturation (ScvO2 has become routine in the management of pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The objective of our study was to evaluate the correlation between continuous ScvO2 by the application of a fiber-optic oximetry catheter (PediaSat and intermittent ScvO2 by using standard blood gas measurements. These results were compared to those obtained by cerebral near infrared spectroscopy (cNIRS. Setting: Tertiary pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (PCICU. Methods and main results: A retrospective study was conducted in consecutive patients who were monitored with a 4.5 or 5.5 F PediaSat catheter into the right internal jugular vein. An in vivo calibration was performed once the patient was transferred to the PCICU and re-calibration took place every 24 hours thereafter. Each patient had a NIRS placed on the forehead. Saturations were collected every 4 hours until extubation. Ten patients with a median age of 2.2 (0.13-8.5 years and a weight of 12.4 (3.9-24 kg were enrolled. Median sampling time was 32 (19-44 hours: 64 pairs of PediaSat and ScVO2 saturations showed a poor correlation (r=0.62, 95% CI 44-75; p<0.0001 and Bland Altman analysis for repeated measures showed an average difference of 0.34 with a standard deviation of 7,9 and 95% limits of agreement from -15 to 16. Thirty-six pairs of cNIRS and ScVO2 saturations showed a fair correlation (r=0.79, 95% CI 0.60-0.89; p<0.0001 an average difference of -1.4 with a standard deviation of 6 and 95% limits of agreement from -13 to 10. Analysis of median percentage differences between PediaSat and ScvO2 saturation over time revealed that, although not statistically significant, the change in percentage saturation differences was clinically relevant after the 8th hour from calibration (from -100 to +100%. Conclusion: PediaSat catheters showed unreliable performance in our cohort. It should be further investigated whether repeating calibrations every 8 hours may improve the accuracy of this system. CNIRS may provide similar results with a lower invasiveness.

  20. Fiberoptic monitoring of central venous oxygen saturation (PediaSat in small children undergoing cardiac surgery: continuous is not continuous [v2; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/394

    Francesca G. Iodice

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Background:Monitoring of superior vena cava saturation (ScvO2 has become routine in the management of pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The objective of our study was to evaluate the correlation between continuous ScvO2by the application of a fiber-optic oximetry catheter (PediaSat and intermittent ScvO2by using standard blood gas measurements. These results were compared to those obtained by cerebral near infrared spectroscopy (cNIRS. Setting:Tertiary pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (PCICU. Methods and main results:A retrospective study was conducted in consecutive patients who were monitored with a 4.5 or 5.5 F PediaSat catheter into the right internal jugular vein. Anin vivocalibration was performed once the patient was transferred to the PCICU and re-calibration took place every 24 hours thereafter. Each patient had a NIRS placed on the forehead. Saturations were collected every 4 hours until extubation. Ten patients with a median age of 2.2 (0.13-8.5 years and a weight of 12.4 (3.9-24 kg were enrolled. Median sampling time was 32 (19-44 hours: 64 pairs of PediaSat and ScVO2 saturations showed a poor correlation (r=0.62, 95% CI 44-75; p<0.0001 and Bland Altman analysis for repeated measures showed an average difference of 0.34 with a standard deviation of 7,9 and 95% limits of agreement from -15 to 16. Thirty-six pairs of cNIRS and ScVO2 saturations showed a fair correlation (r=0.79, 95% CI 0.60-0.89; p<0.0001 an average difference of -1.4 with a standard deviation of 6 and 95% limits of agreement from -13 to 10. Analysis of median percentage differences between PediaSat and ScvO2 saturation over time revealed that, although not statistically significant, the change in percentage saturation differences was clinically relevant after the 8th hour from calibration (from -100 to +100%. Conclusion:PediaSat catheters showed unreliable performance in our cohort. It should be further investigated whether repeating calibrations every 8 hours may improve the accuracy of this system. CNIRS may provide similar results with a lower invasiveness.

  1. Fiberoptic monitoring of central venous oxygen saturation (PediaSat in small children undergoing cardiac surgery: continuous is not continuous [v1; ref status: indexed, http://f1000r.es/2q1

    Francesca G. Iodice

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Monitoring of superior vena cava saturation (ScvO2 has become routine in the management of pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery. The objective of our study was to evaluate the correlation between continuous ScvO2 by the application of a fiber-optic oximetry catheter (PediaSat and intermittent ScvO2 by using standard blood gas measurements. These results were compared to those obtained by cerebral near infrared spectroscopy (cNIRS. Setting: Tertiary pediatric cardiac intensive care unit (PCICU. Methods and main results: A retrospective study was conducted in consecutive patients who were monitored with a 4.5 or 5.5 F PediaSat catheter into the right internal jugular vein. An in vivo calibration was performed once the patient was transferred to the PCICU and re-calibration took place every 24 hours thereafter. Each patient had a NIRS placed on the forehead. Saturations were collected every 4 hours until extubation. Ten patients with a median age of 2.2 (0.13-8.5 years and a weight of 12.4 (3.9-24 kg were enrolled. Median sampling time was 32 (19-44 hours: 64 pairs of PediaSat and ScVO2 saturations showed a poor correlation (r=0.62, 95% CI 44-75; p<0.0001 and an average difference of -0.38 with a standard deviation of 13 and 95% limits of agreement from -26 to 25. Thirty-six pairs of cNIRS and ScVO2 saturations showed a fair correlation (r=0.79, 95% CI 0.60-0.89; p<0.0001 an average difference of -1.3 with a standard deviation of 7 and 95% limits of agreement from -15 to 12. Analysis of median percentage differences between PediaSat and ScvO2 saturation over time revealed that, although not statistically significant, the change in percentage saturation differences was clinically relevant after the 8th hour from calibration (from -100 to +100%. Conclusion: PediaSat catheters showed unreliable performance in our cohort. It should be further investigated whether repeating calibrations every 8 hours may improve the accuracy of this system. CNIRS may provide similar results with a lower invasiveness.

  2. The strategy of performing non-prophylactic hemodialysis therapy after administration of contrast media in renal insufficiency patients

    Acute renal failure induced by contrast media is an important problem in renal insufficiency patients. Prophylactic hemodialysis is usually undertaken after the administration of radiocontrast media. However, we decided to cease giving prophylactic hemodialysis from February, 2002 in line with the guidelines regarding dialysis and contrast media administration provided by the European Society of Urogenital Radiology. We reported our policy at the doctor's meeting of hemodialysis therapy and at the meeting of clinical engineering technologists which were held in Okinawa. After the presentation, a questionnaire survey in 28 hospitals was undertaken by telephone. In all the hospitals, prophylactic hemodialysis after the administration of radiocontrast media was still being continued, with the exception of one hospital. We need to enlighten medical staff that the strategy of performing hemodialysis immediately after the administration of contrast media in patients with reduced renal function does not diminish the rate of radiocontrast media-induced nephropathy. (author)

  3. Paricalcitol reduces oxidative stress and inflammation in hemodialysis patients

    Izquierdo María

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background Treatment with selective vitamin D receptor activators such as paricalcitol have been shown to exert an anti-inflammatory effect in patients on hemodialysis, in addition to their action on mineral metabolism and independently of parathyroid hormone (PTH levels. The objective of this study was to evaluate the additional antioxidant capacity of paricalcitol in a clinical setting. Methods The study included 19 patients with renal disease on hemodialysis, of whom peripheral blood was obtained for analysis at baseline and three months after starting intravenous paricalcitol treatment. The following oxidizing and inflammatory markers were quantified: malondialdehyde (MDA, nitrites and carbonyl groups, indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO, tumor necrosis factor alfa (TNF-α, interleukin-6 (IL-6, interleukin-18 (IL-18 and C-reactive protein (CRP. Of the antioxidants and anti-inflammatory markers, superoxide dismutase (SOD, catalase, reduced glutathione (GSH, thioredoxin, and interleukin-10 (IL-10 levels were obtained. Results Baseline levels of oxidation markers MDA, nitric oxide and protein carbonyl groups significantly decreased after three months on paricalcitol treatment, while levels of GSH, thioredoxin, catalase and SOD activity significantly increased. After paricalcitol treatment, levels of the inflammatory markers CRP, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-18 were significantly reduced in serum and the level of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 was increased. Conclusions In renal patients undergoing hemodialysis, paricalcitol treatment significantly reduces oxidative stress and inflammation, two well known factors leading to cardiovascular damage.

  4. Effect of hemodialysis on intraocular lens power calculation.

    Çalışkan, Sinan; Çelikay, Osman; Biçer, Tolga; Aylı, Mehmet Deniz; Gürdal, Canan

    2016-03-01

    Background To evaluate changes in ocular biometric parameters after hemodialysis (HD) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Methods Forty eyes of 40 patients undergoing HD were included in this cross-sectional study. Keratometry (K) readings, white-to-white (WTW) distance, central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber depth (ACD), pupil diameter, lens thickness (LT), axial length (AL), and intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation were measured with Lenstar LS 900 (Haag Streit AG, Koeniz, Switzerland) before and after hemodialysis. Intraocular pressure (IOP) was measured with a non-contact tonometer (Tonopachy NT-530P, Nidek Co., LTD, Tokyo, Japan). Main outcomes were changes in biometric parameters after HD. Reliability of the measurements (intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs)) and the effect size (Cohen's d) were also calculated. Results Mean difference in AL before and after HD was -0.041 ± 0.022 mm with ICCs > 0.90 (p  0.90 (p = 0.041 and Cohen's d = 0.20). Hemodialysis had no significant effect on K readings, WTW distance, CCT, ACD, LT, or IOP. Conclusion Axial length and pupil diameter increase after HD with small effect size, while HD does not significantly affect IOL power calculations. PMID:26707804

  5. Rising burden of Hepatitis C Virus in hemodialysis patients

    Naseemullah

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aim High prevalence of Hepatitis C virus (HCV has been reported among the dialysis patients throughout the world. No serious efforts were taken to investigate HCV in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD treatment who are at great increased risk to HCV. HCV genotypes are important in the study of epidemiology, pathogenesis and reaction to antiviral therapy. This study was performed to investigate the prevalence of active HCV infection, HCV genotypes and to assess risk factors associated with HCV genotype infection in HD patients of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa as well as comparing this prevalence data with past studies in Pakistan. Methods Polymerase chain reaction was performed for HCV RNA detection and genotyping in 384 HD patients. The data obtained was compared with available past studies from Pakistan. Results Anti HCV antibodies were observed in 112 (29.2%, of whom 90 (80.4% were HCV RNA positive. In rest of the anti HCV negative patients, HCV RNA was detected in 16 (5.9% patients. The dominant HCV genotypes in HCV infected HD patients were found to be 3a (n = 36, 3b (n = 20, 1a (n = 16, 2a (n = 10, 2b (n = 2, 1b (n = 4, 4a (n = 2, untypeable (n = 10 and mixed (n = 12 genotype. Conclusion This study suggesting that i the prevalence of HCV does not differentiate between past and present infection and continued to be elevated ii HD patients may be a risk for HCV due to the involvement of multiple routes of infections especially poor blood screening of transfused blood and low standard of dialysis procedures in Pakistan and iii need to apply infection control practice.

  6. ADIPONECTIN LEVELS AND ATHEROSCLEROTIC RISK FACTORS IN CHILDREN ON HEMODIALYSIS

    Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD) is the major cause of mortality in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) treated with hemodialysis (HD), even in children. Adiponectin (ADPN) is an adipocyte derived plasma protein having anti-atherogenic properties. ADPN levels are elevated in ESRD but it has been reported that ESRD patients with low plasma ADPN levels have a high risk of cardiovascular death. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relation between ADPN and atherosclerotic risk factors in children on hemodialysis.Twenty-eight children (17 boys and 11girls) with a mean age of 10.6 ± 3.34 years undergoing hemodialysis (HD) for a mean period of 11.96 ± 8.32 months (ranged from 6 to 36 months) and 10 healthy age and sex matched control subjects were enrolled in this study. The acute effect of a hemodialysis session on serum ADPN and other atherosclerotic risk factors , including blood pressure, serum lipids, C-reactive protein (CRP) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were assessed by comparison of pre- and post-hemodialysis determinations. Serum levels of ADPN and TNF-α were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) while CRP was measured by the semi-quantitative latex agglutination assay.The data showed that serum ADPN levels were twice higher in the HD group as compared to the control subjects. Concerning the atherosclerotic risk factors, TNF-α, CRP and triglycerides levels showed significant elevation in the HD group. Meanwhile, serum albumin, cholesterol and phosphorus levels showed significant decreases. The linear regression analysis showed that adiponectin was negatively correlated with glomerular filtration rate (GFR) (r = -0.68,P < 0.0001), and body mass index (r = -0.73, P < 0.0007); ADPN levels are directly related to HDL cholesterol levels (r = 0.76, P < 0.0001) and inversely related to triglycerides level (r = -0.63, P < 0.0003). No relationship was found between adiponectin and CRP.It could be concluded that patients on regular hemodialysis were at increased risk for premature atherosclerosis due to high levels of CRP, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides. The elevated ADPN levels in the hemodialyzed patients may have a protective role against atherosclerosis

  7. Anthropometric Measurements in Hemodialysis Patients

    Zeki AYDIN

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: In malnourished patients, in anthropometric measurements such as a decrease in the body-mass index (BMI, the triceps skinfold (TSF thickness and the mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC are often determined along with weight loss. Our aim in this study was to evaluate the nutritional status of chronic hemodialysis patients by taking anthropometric measurements. MATERIAL and METHODS: Fifty-three chronic hemodialysis patients (30 females were included in the study. The demographic, biochemical and hemodialysis data of the patients were recorded. BMI, TSF thickness, MUAC, waist and hip circumference measurements were made in all patients. RESULTS: Patients TSF and MUAC measurements above the 25th percentile were 73.6% and 75.5%, respectively. There was a strong positive correlation between the patients BMI and the TSF thickness and the MUAC; and between the TSF thickness and the MUAC. There was a positive correlation between the duration of the hemodialysis treatment and the waist and hip circumference. CONCLUSION: Not finding a MUAC difference although the TSF thickness was higher in females might be due to the fact that females have more subcutaneous adipose tissue and males have more muscle mass. These results confirm that the subcutaneous adipose tissue and muscle mass of the patients increase along with the increase in BMI and thus patients do not suffer from malnutrition.

  8. Proteomic Investigations into Hemodialysis Therapy

    Mario Bonomini

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The retention of a number of solutes that may cause adverse biochemical/biological effects, called uremic toxins, characterizes uremic syndrome. Uremia therapy is based on renal replacement therapy, hemodialysis being the most commonly used modality. The membrane contained in the hemodialyzer represents the ultimate determinant of the success and quality of hemodialysis therapy. Membrane’s performance can be evaluated in terms of removal efficiency for unwanted solutes and excess fluid, and minimization of negative interactions between the membrane material and blood components that define the membrane’s bio(incompatibility. Given the high concentration of plasma proteins and the complexity of structural functional relationships of this class of molecules, the performance of a membrane is highly influenced by its interaction with the plasma protein repertoire. Proteomic investigations have been increasingly applied to describe the protein uremic milieu, to compare the blood purification efficiency of different dialyzer membranes or different extracorporeal techniques, and to evaluate the adsorption of plasma proteins onto hemodialysis membranes. In this article, we aim to highlight investigations in the hemodialysis setting making use of recent developments in proteomic technologies. Examples are presented of why proteomics may be helpful to nephrology and may possibly affect future directions in renal research.

  9. Risk of Vascular Access Complications with Frequent Hemodialysis

    Suri, Rita S.; Larive, Brett; Sherer, Susan; Eggers, Paul; Gassman, Jennifer; James, Sam H.; Lindsay, Robert M.; Lockridge, Robert S.; Ornt, Daniel B.; Rocco, Michael V; Ting, George O.; Kliger, Alan S

    2013-01-01

    Frequent hemodialysis requires using the vascular access more often than with conventional hemodialysis, but whether this increases the risk for access-related complications is unknown. In two separate trials, we randomly assigned 245 patients to receive in-center daily hemodialysis (6 days per week) or conventional hemodialysis (3 days per week) and 87 patients to receive home nocturnal hemodialysis (6 nights per week) or conventional hemodialysis, for 12 months. The primary vascular access ...

  10. Serum cholesterol binding reserve and high density lipoprotein cholesterol in patients on maintenance hemodialysis.

    Perez, G O; Hsia, S L; Christakis, G; Burr, J

    1980-09-01

    Serum cholesterol binding reserve (SCBR, the capacity of the serum to solubilize additional cholesterol), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL . Ch) and serum levels of cholesterol and triglycerides were measured in 53 chronically uremic patients (40 men and 13 women) undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. The values were compared with those of controls (149 men and 28 women) matched for serum lipid levels. Hypertriglyceridemia and decreased HDL . Ch were observed among the patients, confirming previous reports. SCBR values of the patients were not significantly different from those of controls except in a small subgroup of uremic diabeties, whose SCBR values were markedly decreased. There was a positive correlation between SCBR and the duration for which the patients had been maintained by hemodialysis. The results suggest that patients with higher SCBR values have a better prospect for surviving long duration of hemodialysis. PMID:7429416

  11. Pulmonary hypertenstion ad leading factor in patients undergoing dialysis

    Objective: To determine the frequency and leading factors of pulmonary hypertension among chronic hemodialysis patients. Study Design: Case series. Place and Duration of Study: Hemodialysis Unit, Department of Nephrology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi, from September 2011 to March 2012. Methodology: Patients of either gender aged between 16 to 60 years of age undergoing hemodialysis for at least 3 months not having pre-existing valvular heart disease, chronic lung disease or connective tissue disorder were included. Pulmonary hypertension was prospectively estimated by Doppler echocardiogram on patients undergoing dialysis. Pulmonary artery pressure was calculated on the post-dialysis day and leading factors were compared between patients with and without pulmonary hypertension. Results: A total of 178 patients were included in study with male to female ratio120/58 (2.06:1). The mean age was 33.84 +- 11.9 years. The mean duration of hemodialysis was 23.85 +- 22.48 months. Pulmonary hypertension was found in 76 (42.7%) patients. Out of the studied factors, low serum albumin ( 3.4 mg/dl, p = 0.01) was found to be statistically significant in patients with pulmonary hypertension. Conclusion: Pulmonary hypertension was frequently present in dialysis population (42.7%). This subset of patients had significantly lower albumin levels in serum. More research is needed in its pathogenesis to arrest its course. (author)

  12. Survey the seroprevalence of CMV among hemodialysis patients in Urmia, Iran

    Sepehrvand Nariman

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Cytomegalovirus (CMV causes infection in immunocompromised, transplant reci-pients and those who received blood transfusion frequently. Risk factors for primary CMV infec-tion are blood transfusion (including clotting factors, etc, recipients of infected transplants, hemo-dialysis and the frequency of dialysis in a week. This study aimed at determining the prevalence of cytomegalovirus (CMV antibodies in end-stage renal disease (ESRD patients who undergo hemodialysis. A cross-sectional study of hemodialysis patients in Urmia, Iran was undertaken in 2007. Sera of 84 Hemodialysis patients were investigated for CMV-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG. Forty-four (52% patients were males. 65 patients (77.4% were anti-CMV IgG positive and 6 (7.1% were anti-CMV IgM positive. There was no relationship between the antibody titer and dialysis duration, or frequency of HD in a week. In conclusion, we recommend that every patient who has undergone hemodialysis receive blood products free of CMV if CMV negative to reduce the incidence and prevalence of CMV among HD patients.

  13. ORIGINAL PAPER Erythropoietin therapy in chronic renal failure patients prior to hemodialysis

    Jacek Rysz

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available The human recombinant erythropoietin (hrEpo is crucial in anemia treatment options in chronic renal failure patients undergoing regular hemodialysis therapy. However, the clinical characteristics of erythropoietin treatment prior to hemodialysis have not been thoroughly studied. This study was aimed to analyze in retrospective manner the results of hrEpo therapy in chronic renal failure prior to hemodialysis. The study included 42 patients (26 males and 16 females, 42.43.7 yrs old with mean serum creatinine 30532 mol/l, whose anemia and iron homeostasis parameters were carefully assessed. HrEpo improved both the general state of the patients and the life quality, it decreased cardiovascular complications and the mortality of patients prior to hemodialysis therapy. Iron supplementation during erythropoietin therapy was required, in the majority of patients oral iron was sufficient. The application of human recombinant erythropoietin prior to hemodialysis is a safe option, it does not accelerate the progression of chronic renal failure, only in a small number of patients moderate increase of blood pressure was noted that could have been effectively managed with the modification of doses of hypotensive pharmacotherapy.

  14. HEMODIALYSIS THERAPY SUSTAINED LOW EFFICIENCY DAILY DIALISIS FOR CHRONIC KIDNEY DESEASE PATIENT IN INTENSIVE CARE UNIT

    Gede Andry Nicolas

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Kidney failure is a clinical condition characterized by an irreversible decline in kidney function, to a degree that requires the permanent renal replacement therapy, in the form of dialysis or kidney transplantation. Dialysis consists of two major categories such as dialysis / hemodialysis intermittent and continuous dialysis / continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT. SLEDD is the latest technique of renal replacement therapy that uses conventional hemodialysis equipment, but the therapeutic results like continuous dialysis therapy / CRRT were appropriate used in patien with critical ill.

  15. PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS INFECTION IN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE PATIENTS ON HEMODIALYSIS: A SINGLE CENTRE PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY IN NORTH INDIA

    Amit

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The chronic kidney disease (CKD patients undergoing hemodialysis are predisposed to Hepatitis C virus (HCV infection and serve as reservoir of infection to the hospital staff. The data on prevalence of HCV infection in patients receiving hemodialysis as renal replacement therapy is scarce and this highlights the significance of this study. 3 (7.1% patients were anti-HCV ELISA positive whereas 39(92.9% were anti-HCV negative

  16. PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS C VIRUS INFECTION IN CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE PATIENTS ON HEMODIALYSIS: A SINGLE CENTRE PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY IN NORTH INDIA

    Amit; Jivesh; Hilal Ahmad; Rakesh; Amrita De

    2014-01-01

    The chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients undergoing hemodialysis are predisposed to Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and serve as reservoir of infection to the hospital staff. The data on prevalence of HCV infection in patients receiving hemodialysis as renal replacement therapy is scarce and this highlights the significance of this study. 3 (7.1%) patients were anti-HCV ELISA positive whereas 39(92.9%) were anti-HCV negative

  17. Prevention and management of hemodialysis catheter infections.

    Ramanathan, Venkat; Darouiche, Rabih O

    2012-12-01

    Hemodialysis (HD) catheters are associated with blood stream infections, and catheter use continues to be high among incident and prevalent patients on maintenance HD. Migration of micro-organism along the external surface of the catheter is probably the most common route of infection, followed by the endoluminal route of contamination. Almost all HD catheters have biofilm formation on their surfaces and this serves as a good reservoir for micro-organisms. These active but protected microorganisms have been implicated in local and systemic infections associated with HD catheters. Good personal hygiene, exit-site care with topical antibiotics and antibiotic lock solution in the dialysis catheter reduce the incidence of catheter infection. In selected subgroup of patients, HD catheter is promptly removed after the diagnosis of blood stream infection. However, catheter guidewire exchange is an acceptable alternate strategy in some patients. The most important goal should be to increase the rate of incident arteriovenous fistula use in the HD population. PMID:23253322

  18. Cutaneous manifestations in patients with chronic kidney disease on maintenance hemodialysis.

    Kolla, Praveen Kumar; Desai, Madhav; Pathapati, Ram Mohan; Mastan Valli, B; Pentyala, Suneetha; Madhusudhan Reddy, G; Vijaya Mohan Rao, A

    2012-01-01

    Cutaneous disorders can precede or follow the initiation of hemodialysis treatment. We evaluated the prevalence of various dermatological manifestations in patients undergoing hemodialysis at least twice a week for minimum of three months at our center. Patients were excluded if they were undergoing hemodialysis less than twice a week or on hemodialysis secondary to ESRD following graft dysfunction. One hundred and forty-three patients were evaluated. Among them, there were 113 male and 30 females. Among the skin changes, pruritus accounted for 56%, Xerosis was observed in 52%, Diffuse blackish hyper pigmentation was seen in 40%. Skin infections was seen in 53% of patients, of these fungal, bacterial and viral infections were 27.2%, 14.6%, and 11.2%, respectively. Kyrle's disease was observed only in 6.9%. Other skin manifestations include eczema 4.8%, psoriasis 2.7%, and drug rash 2.1%. Nail changes were observed in 46 patients of whom 27 patients had onychomycosis. Other changes include discoloration, onycholysis, and splinter hemorrhages. Hair changes were observed in 21.7%. Mucosal changes were seen in 27.3%. In our study, pruritus, xerosis, and pigmentation were higher among skin changes. Recognition and management of some of these dermatological manifestations vastly reduce the morbidity and improve the quality of life. PMID:22830039

  19. Optimizing lithium dosing in hemodialysis

    Bjarnason, N H; Munkner, R; Kampmann, J P; Tornoe, C W; Ladefoged, Susanne; Dalhoff, K

    2006-01-01

    We studied a 62-year-old female hemodialysis patient during initiation and maintenance of lithium carbonate therapy. Three different methods were applied to estimate the regimen: a scenario based on volume of distribution (V(d)), a scenario based on glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and a scenario...... loading dose estimates. Furthermore, the maintenance dose estimated from the central compartment (V1) led to plasma concentrations within the therapeutic range. Thus, a regimen where 12.2 mmol lithium was given after each hemodialysis session resulted in stable between-dialysis plasma lithium...... lithium administrated immediately postdialysis. Further observations are necessary to obtain robust long-term safety data and to optimize the monitoring schedule....

  20. Urea biosensor for hemodialysis monitoring

    Glass, Robert S. (Livermore, CA)

    1999-01-01

    An electrochemical sensor capable of detecting and quantifying urea in fluids resulting from hemodialysis procedures. The sensor is based upon measurement of the pH change produced in an aqueous environment by the products of the enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis of urea. The sensor may be fabricated using methods amenable to mass fabrication, resulting in low-cost sensors and thus providing the potential for disposable use. In a typical application, the sensor could be used in treatment centers, in conjunction with an appropriate electronics/computer system, in order to determine the hemodialysis endpoint. The sensor can also be utilized to allow at-home testing to determine if dialysis was necessary. Such a home monitor is similar, in principle, to devices used for blood glucose testing by diabetics, and would require a blood droplet sample by using a finger prick.

  1. An Unusual yet "Mg"nificent Indication for Hemodialysis.

    Bansal, Amar D; Negoianu, Dan; Warburton, Karen M

    2016-05-01

    Hypermagnesemia is an uncommon electrolyte abnormality, due to the fact that magnesium toxicity is only seen in the setting of a massive exposure to exogenous magnesium, often in the setting of renal insufficiency. Here, we report a case of severe hypermagnesemia that resulted in complete paralysis that was secondary to Renacidin administration, a rarely used agent used for intra-renal pelvic or intra-vesicular instillation dissolution of struvite stones. The patient also had concurrent acute kidney injury (AKI). The patient's magnesium was as high as 16.7 mg/dL, and he initially received hemodialysis followed by continuous venovenous hemodialysis. These therapies resulted in a rapid reduction in magnesium levels and eventual resolution of the muscular weakness. The case discussion highlights several key aspects of magnesium homeostasis, the limited mechanistic understanding of Renacidin-induced hypermagnesemia, and the role of renal replacement therapies in the treatment of hypermagnesemia. PMID:26915350

  2. Sleep disorders in hemodialysis patients

    Sabry Alaa; Abo-Zenah Hamdy; Wafa Ehab; Mahmoud Khaled; El-Dahshan Khaled; Hassan Ahmed; Abbas Tarek; Saleh Abd El-Baset; Okasha Kamal

    2010-01-01

    The prevalence of sleep disorders is higher in patients with kidney failure than the general population. We studied the prevalence of sleep disorders in 88 (mean age; 41.59 ± 16.3 years) chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients at the Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura Uni-versity, Egypt over 4-month period. The investigated sleep disorders included insomnia, restless leg syndrome (RLS), obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), narcolepsy and sleep walk...

  3. Temporary hemodialysis catheters: recent advances

    Clark, Edward G; Barsuk, Jeffrey H

    2014-01-01

    The insertion of non-tunneled temporary hemodialysis catheters (NTHCs) is a core procedure of nephrology practice. While urgent dialysis may be life-saving, mechanical and infectious complications related to the insertion of NTHCs can be fatal. In recent years, various techniques that reduce mechanical and infectious complications related to NTHCs have been described. Evidence now suggests that ultrasound guidance should be used for internal jugular and femoral vein NTHC insertions. The imple...

  4. Carotid artery intima media thickness as a surrogate marker of atherosclerosis in patient with chronic renal failure on hemodialysis

    Jayanta Paul

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In patients with chronic renal failure (CRF, carotid artery intima media thickness (CAIMT is increased when the patients are on hemodialysis. Vascular events caused by atherosclerosis are the major cause of death in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Aims: This study was done to find out the relationship between carotid artery intima media thickness and hemodialysis in chronic renal failure patients independent of classical risk factors and also the relationship between CAIMT of hemodialyzed patients and nonhemodialyzed CRF patients. Materials and Methods: In this observational study, CAIMT of 78 CRF patients was examined by B-mode ultrasonography. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR was calculated by using the "Modification of Diet in Renal Disease" formula. CRF patients, who had been on regular hemodialysis treatment (treated thrice weekly for at least 6 months, were identified as hemodialyzed patients. Data were analyzed by software Statistical package for the social Sciences (SPSS (17 th version. Results: There was significant positive correlation between CAIMT and hemodialysis (P=0.045 independent of traditional risk factors. Hemodialyzed patients had higher mean CAIMT (1136.30±21.21 μm, P<0.001 than mean CAIMT of age and sex matched nondialyzed patients (959.30±23.01 μm. Conclusion: Hemodialysis is an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis in CRF patents. Hemodialyzed patients have significantly higher CAIMT than nondialyzed CRF patients.

  5. Pulmonary Hypertension in Hemodialysis Patients

    Mahdavi-Mazdeh Mitra

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of primary pulmonary hypertension (PHT among hemodialysis patients and search for possible etiologic factors. The prevalence of PHT was prospectively estimated by Doppler echocardiogram in 62 long-term hemodialysis patients on the day post dialysis. PHT (> 35 mm Hg was found in 32 (51.6% patients with a mean systolic pulmonary artery pressure of 39.6 13.3 mmHg. The hemoglobin and albumin levels were significantly lower in the PHT subgroup (11.1 1.86 vs 9.8 1.97 g/dL and 3.75 0.44 vs 3.38 0.32 g/dL, p = 0.01 and 0.02, respectively. Our study demonstrates a surprisingly high prevalence of PHT among patients receiving long-term hemodialysis. Early detection is important in order to avoid the serious consequences of the disease.

  6. 21 CFR 876.5860 - High permeability hemodialysis system.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false High permeability hemodialysis system. 876.5860... hemodialysis system. (a) Identification. A high permeability hemodialysis system is a device intended for use... toxemic conditions by performing such therapies as hemodialysis, hemofiltration, hemoconcentration,...

  7. Evaluation of Health-related Quality of Life in Regular Hemodialysis Patients Using the KDQOL-SFTM Questionnaire

    Eliseo Capote Leyva

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: in end-stage chronic renal failure, treatments like hemodialysis induce substantial changes in lifestyle. Such therapies aim to achieve functional improvement by reducing symptoms and/or slowing disease progression. Objective: to evaluate the health-related quality of life in patients undergoing regular hemodialysis. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted in chronic renal failure patients undergoing regular hemodialysis in the hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis service of the Dr. Carlos J. Finlay Military Hospital from January through February 2013. The Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form version 1.3 was used to evaluate the health-related quality of life. Results: generic dimensions with lower scores were the physical role, general health perception and emotional role. The specific dimensions with lower scores were the burden of kidney disease, employment status and sexual function while dimensions with higher scores were specific: relationship with the dialysis staff (85.62 points, cognitive function (84.33 points and quality of social relationship (82.88 points. Conclusion: As in other countries, the KDQOL-SF enables the evaluation of health-related quality of life in regular hemodialysis patients in Cuba, since it allows effectively identifying the dimensions and areas most affected.

  8. Comparison of intra operative muscle relaxation and neuro muscular recovery from continuous infusion of vecuronium and atracurium in ASA grade I @ II patients undergoing midline and paramedian laparotomies

    Ratul Basu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Vecuronium and Atracurium are two muscle relaxants that come close to fulfill most of the criteria for using them as continuous infusion. In this study in sixty adult patients of either sex, 25-45 years of age, belonging to ASA physical status I&II, were chosen, who were scheduled for midline and paramedian laparotomies under GA. Objective: (1 To assess the recovery time from neuromuscular blockade on stopping the infusion of vecuronium and atracurium. (2 To assess the haemodynamic performance in peri operative period. Materials & Methods: Patients were randomly allocated into two equal groups and received either vecuronium 0.8-1 ?g/kg/min following a bolus dose of 0.1mg/kg or Atracurium 4-12 ?g/kg/min following a bolus dose of 0.5 mg/kg. Intravenous infusion of muscle relaxants were adjusted to maintain 90% of neuromuscular blockade monitored by stimulating ulnar nerve at the wrist by a peripheral nerve stimulator throughout surgery. Results: The median time & interquartile range which were taken from intravenous bolus dose to 10% recovery was less in Vecuronium group (232 min than atracurium group (25. 2 min. Vecuronium (median 15.5 3 min took less time to achieve steady state of block after starting infusion than atracurium (median 18 3 min. Conclusions: Patients who received vecuronium recovered early from relaxant effect with more stable hemodynamics.

  9. Relationship Between Serum Parathyroid Hormone and Hypertension in Hemodialysis Patients

    Omid Sedighi; Atieh Makhlough; Zahra Kashi 1; Maryam Zahedi

    2011-01-01

    Introduction. Prevalence of hypertension is high in hemodialysis patients. Increase of intracellular calcium due to hyperparathyroidism is one of probable factors for hypertension in hemodialysis patients. In this study, the relationship between serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) level and severity of hypertension in hemodialysis patients was investigated.Materials and Methods. In a case-control study, 50 hemodialysis patients with hypertension were compared with 50 hemodialysis patients without...

  10. Thirty years survivor on hemodialysis: A case report

    Konstantina Triga

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hemodialysis is a widely performed and safe procedure; therefore, the numbers of long-term survivors on hemodialysis therapy have been increasing. We present a woman who had been on uninterrupted hemodialysis for 30 years and did well for much of her time on hemodialysis, despite a long-standing uneven course. The literature of extremely long-lived patients on un-interrupted hemodialysis is reviewed and the clinical characteristics and complications encountered in these patients are discussed.

  11. Association of Secondary Hyperparathyroidism with Coronary Artery Disease in Patients on Regular Hemodialysis

    Azar BARADARAN

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To understand the association of parathormone excess due to secondary hyperparathyroidism and hyperphosphatemia with coronary artery disease, a study was designed on a group of stable hemodialysis (HD patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on patients undergoing maintenance HD. Blood samples were collected after overnight fasting for serum calcium, phosphorus, and intact serum parathormone (iPTH. The presence of cardiac chest pain was confirmed through the complaint of heart burn or epigastric pain, retrosternal discomfort and chest compression was confirmed by symmetrical depressed T wave at that time on a 12-lead ECG by means of a 12-channel and also reliving the pain after taking sublingual Trinitroglycerine pearls (TNG. Results: A sample of 36 stable HD patients was investigated. The mean age of patients was 46.5±17 years. The length of the time patients have been on hemodialysis were 32± 36 months (Median = 19 months. About 21% of patients had chest pain. Mean±SD of intact PTH of patients was 434±455 pg/ml (Median = 309 pg/ml. In this study, there was a significant difference of hemodialysis duration (p = 0.009, hemodialysis amount (p = 0.029 and also serum phosphorus (p = 0.013 between patients with and without cardiac chest pain. There was also a significant difference of iPTH (p = 0.026 between male hemodialysis patients with and without cardiac chest pain. Conclusion: Our data supported the importance of better control of serum phosphorus and also treatment of parathormone excess as the responsible factors promoting the coronary artery disease in hemodialysis patients.

  12. Cross-talk between inflammation, coagulation/fibrinolysis and vascular access in hemodialysis patients

    Costa, Elsio; Rocha, Susana; Rocha-Pereira, Petronila; Castro, E.; Reis, Flvio; Teixeira, Frederico; Miranda, Vasco; Faria, Maria do Sameiro; Loureiro, Alfredo; Quintanilha, Alexandre; Belo, Lus; Santos-Silva, Alice

    2008-01-01

    This work aimed to study the association between fibrinolytic/endothelial cell function and inflammatory markers in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) therapies, and its relationship with the type of vascular access (VA) used for the HD procedure. As fibrinolytic/endothelial cell function markers we evaluated plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1), tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and D-dimers, and as...

  13. Prevalence and associations of hepatitis C viremia in hemodialysis patients at a tertiary care hospital

    Jasuja, S.; Gupta, A K; Choudhry, R; Kher, V.; Aggarwal, D. K.; Mishra, A.; Agarwal, M.; Sarin, A.; M. K. Mishra; Raina, V

    2009-01-01

    Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in hemodialysis (HD) is a significant problem. We evaluated the prevalence and associations of HCV viremia in our HD patients. All patients undergoing maintenance HD at our center were tested for HCV RNA by PCR after written informed consent. Detailed history regarding age, sex, and duration of dialysis, frequency of dialysis, blood transfusions in one year, number of dialysis centers, dialyzer reuse/fresh use, and recent laboratory data was recorded. A total...

  14. Substance P and intensity of pruritus in hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients

    Œnit, Mirosław; Gawlik, Radosław; Łącka-GaŸdzik, Beata; KuŸniewicz, Roman; Dwornicki, Marek; Owczarek, Aleksander; Walaszczyk, Małgorzata; Grabiec, Piotr; Grzeszczak, Władysław

    2013-01-01

    Background Uremic pruritus is a common complication in patients undergoing dialysis. The pathophysiological mechanisms of pruritus in patients with end-stage renal disease remain unknown. Neuropeptides, including substance P, are postulated to play an important role in the pathogenesis of pruritus. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of substance P in uremic pruritus in patients on hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Material/Methods We included 197 patients with end-stage renal ...

  15. Ultrasound thrombolysis in hemodialysis access: In vitro investigation

    Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasound thrombolysis in occluded hemodialysis access shunts using an in vitro model.Methods: Thrombosed hemodialysis accesses were simulated by clotted bovine blood in a flow model (silicone tubing; inner diameters 4, 6, and 9 mm). After retrograde and antegrade sheath placement (7 Fr), mechanical thrombolysis was performed using an ultrasound probe (Acolysis, Angiosonics, Morrisville, NC, USA). The tip of the device measured 2.2 mm in diameter. During sonication, the catheter was moved slowly back and forth using an over-the-wire system. Thirty complete occlusions [tubing diameters 4 mm (n=12), 6 mm (n=12). 9 mm (n=6)] were treated, initial thrombus weights were 3.5 (±0.76) g, 7.7 (±1.74) g, and 19.4 (±2.27) g for the three diameters. Maximum sonication time was 15 min for each probe.Results: With this device, we were able to restore a continuous lumen in all 12 occluded 4∼mm silicone tubes. No wall-adherent thrombi remained after sonication for 3.5-9.6 min. In hemodialysis access models with diameters of 6 mm, thrombus fragments persisted in 25% (3/12 accesses). These were located in the medial portion of the access loop and near to the puncture sites. However, flow was re-established after 5.0-13.0 min of treatment in all settings. Mechanical dissolution of thrombus material failed in five of six access models with diameters of 9 mm, even though ultrasound energy was applied for the maximum of 15 min.Conclusion: In a clotted hemodialysis shunt model, successful ultrasound thrombolysis was limited to small access diameters and small amounts of thrombus.

  16. Ultrasound Thrombolysis in Hemodialysis Access: In Vitro Investigation

    Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of ultrasound thrombolysis in occluded hemodialysis access shunts using an in vitro model.Methods: Thrombosed hemodialysis accesses were simulated by clotted bovine blood in a flow model (silicone tubing; inner diameters 4, 6, and 9 mm). After retrograde and antegrade sheath placement (7 Fr), mechanical thrombolysis was performed using an ultrasound probe (Acolysis, Angiosonics, Morrisville, NC, USA). The tip of the device measured 2.2 mm in diameter. During sonication, the catheter was moved slowly back and forth using an over-the-wire system. Thirty complete occlusions [tubing diameters 4 mm (n = 12), 6 mm (n = 12), 9 mm (n = 6)] were treated. Initial thrombus weights were 3.5 (± 0.76) g, 7.7 (± 1.74) g, and 19.4 (± 2.27) g for the three diameters. Maximum sonication time was 15 min for each probe.Results: With this device, we were able to restore a continuous lumen in all 12 occluded 4∼mm silicone tubes. No wall-adherent thrombi remained after sonication for 3.5-9.6 min. In hemodialysis access models with diameters of 6 mm, thrombus fragments persisted in 25% (3/12 accesses). These were located in the medial portion of the access loop and near to the puncture sites. However, flow was re-established after 5.0-13.0 min of treatment in all settings. Mechanical dissolution of thrombus material failed in five of six access models with diameters of 9 mm, even though ultrasound energy was applied for the maximum of 15 min.Conclusion: In a clotted hemodialysis shunt model, successful ultrasound thrombolysis was limited to small access diameters and small amounts of thrombus

  17. Hepatitis B Infection in Hemodialysis Patients in Tehran Province, Iran

    Mitra Mahdavimazdeh

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Hemodialysis (HD patients seem to be at considerable risk of acquiring HBV infection. This study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV infection in hemodialysis patients living in the province of Tehran and to investigate the association between viral hepatitis B and the probable risk factors for HD patients..Methods: From June to August 2005, this study was done on the entire HD population of the province of Tehran (2630 patients; 1505 males and 1125 females, mean age: 53.4 years. Social and demographic data, date of onset of HD, length of time receiving HD services, history of a kidney transplant, multiple sex partners, and other probable risk factors were evaluated. Blood samples were tested for liver enzyme levels as well as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV 1, HIV 2, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg, hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs, and hepatitis C antibody (anti-HCV..Results: A total of 64 patients were HBsAg positive (2.4%. The male-to-female ratio was 45/19 for HBsAg-positive patients and 1462/1104 for the remaining patients (P = 0.03, respectively. Except for nationality (P < 0.001, previous kidney transplants (P < 0.001, age (P < 0.001, and transient HD (P < 0.001, no association was found between HBV infection and probable risk factors..Conclusions: Common erythropoietin administration, blood testing for transfusion purposes, implementation of universal precaution in dialysis units as well as the use of dedicated machines for HBV-infected patients has led to a decreasing trend of HBV infection. Periodic surveillance of HBV infection among patients undergoing hemodialysis is strongly recommended.

  18. B-type (brain natriuretic peptide and pruritus in hemodialysis patients

    Shimizu Y

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Yoshio Shimizu, Ayano Sonoda, Chieko Nogi, Yoko Ogushi, Reo Kanda, Saori Yamaguchi, Nao Nohara, Tatsuya Aoki, Kaori Yamada, Junichiro Nakata, Hiroaki Io, Atsushi Kurusu, Chieko Hamada, Satoshi Horikoshi, Yasuhiko Tomino Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Juntendo University Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan Introduction and objective: While pruritus is a common complication in hemodialysis patients, the pathophysiological mechanisms remain obscure. Recently, B-type (brain natriuretic peptide (BNP has been defined as an itch-selective neuropeptide in pruriceptive neurons in mice, and higher serum levels of BNP are frequently observed in hemodialysis patients. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the role of serum BNP in pruritus in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Patients and methods: The current cross-sectional study was performed on 43 patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. A visual analog scale (VAS measuring the general severity of pruritus (values from 0 to 10, with higher values indicating more severe pruritus in daytime and at night was self-reported by patients. Each patient's background and laboratory tests, including serum BNP in the post-hemodialysis period, were collected. The correlation between VAS and clinical parameters was evaluated. Results: Both daytime and nighttime VAS scores in diabetic patients were significantly less than those in nondiabetic patients. Multiple regression analysis revealed that pruritus in daytime was worsened by serum BNP (?=2.0, t=2.4, P=0.03, calcium (?=4.4, t=5.2, P<0.0001, and ?2-microglobulin (?=2.0, t=3.0, P=0.007, while it was eased by age (?=2.2, t=-3.2, P=0.0004. Nocturnal pruritus was severe in nondiabetic patients (?=1.7, t=3.8, P=0.0005 and weakened by the total iron binding capacity (?=2.9, t=3.1, P=0.004. Conclusion: It is suggested that a higher level of serum BNP increases the pruritus of hemodialysis patients in daytime and that diabetic patients are less sensitive to itch, especially at nighttime. Keywords: B-type brain natriuretic peptide, pruritus, hemodialysis, visual analog scale, itch-selective neuropeptide, pruriceptive neurons, cerebrospinal fluid

  19. Hemodialysis-related arthropathy. A prospective MR study with SE and GRE sequences

    Karakida, O. [Shinshu Univ. School of Medicine, Dept. of Radiology, Matsumoto (Japan); Aoki, J. [Shinshu Univ. School of Medicine, Dept. of Radiology, Matsumoto (Japan); Kanno, Y. [Aizawa Hospital, Dept. of Haemodialysis, Matsumoto (Japan); Watanabe, T. [Saku Central Hospital, Dept. of Radiology, Saku (Japan); Tamura, K. [Shinonoi General Hospital, Dept. of Internal Medicine Nagano (Japan); Suk Seo, G. [Shinshu Univ. School of Medicine, Dept. of Radiology, Matsumoto (Japan); Sone, S. [Shinshu Univ. School of Medicine, Dept. of Radiology, Matsumoto (Japan)

    1997-01-01

    Purpose: A prospective examination of hemodialysis-related arthropathy by MR imaging with SE and GRE sequences was undertaken to verify whether the low signal intensity on T2-weighted SE images is caused by a paramagnetic susceptibility effect derived from amyloid or from hemosiderin. Material and Methods: Twenty-seven joints (19 hip joints, 6 discovertebral joints of 5 lumbosacral spines and 1 cervical spine, 2 shoulder joints) in 14 patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis (duration 10-22 years, mean 17) were examined with SE T1-weighted, T2-weighted and GRE T2*-weighted sequences. Results: The signal intensity of the intraarticular and periarticular masses of the involved joints was basically isointense to the muscle in all 3 pulse sequences. No significantly low signal area was found on GRE T2*-weighted images. Conclusion: The low signal areas in the hemodialysis-related arthropathy on SE T2-weighted images are not caused by a paramagnetic susceptibility effect, but probably by the hypocellular and fibrous nature of amyloid-containing tissues. Therefore the GRE sequence can be helpful for differentiating hemodialysis-related amyloid arthropathy from chronic hemarthrosis or juxta-articular brown tumor. (orig.).

  20. Hemodialysis-related arthropathy. A prospective MR study with SE and GRE sequences

    Purpose: A prospective examination of hemodialysis-related arthropathy by MR imaging with SE and GRE sequences was undertaken to verify whether the low signal intensity on T2-weighted SE images is caused by a paramagnetic susceptibility effect derived from amyloid or from hemosiderin. Material and Methods: Twenty-seven joints (19 hip joints, 6 discovertebral joints of 5 lumbosacral spines and 1 cervical spine, 2 shoulder joints) in 14 patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis (duration 10-22 years, mean 17) were examined with SE T1-weighted, T2-weighted and GRE T2*-weighted sequences. Results: The signal intensity of the intraarticular and periarticular masses of the involved joints was basically isointense to the muscle in all 3 pulse sequences. No significantly low signal area was found on GRE T2*-weighted images. Conclusion: The low signal areas in the hemodialysis-related arthropathy on SE T2-weighted images are not caused by a paramagnetic susceptibility effect, but probably by the hypocellular and fibrous nature of amyloid-containing tissues. Therefore the GRE sequence can be helpful for differentiating hemodialysis-related amyloid arthropathy from chronic hemarthrosis or juxta-articular brown tumor. (orig.)

  1. Radiology of the kidneys in patients under maintenance hemodialysis

    The kidneys of patients with chronic renal failure undergoing maintenance hemodialysis may show different variances or complications. Most common are secondarily acquired renal cysts, which my be found in as many as 92% of patients after 8 years of hemodialysis. Single (in 12.5% of patients) or multiple (8.3%) cysts with bleeding are common; additionally, hematuria or ruptured cysts may be found. Bleeding into cysts is more common in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. Due to the decreasing urinary production development of kidney stones is very uncommon, but calcification in or around cysts can be found in 71% of patients. Kidney tumors occur 41 times more often in patients with chronic renal failure than in patients without kidney disease. We detected tumors in 4.2% of our patients on long-term dialysis. Diagnostic differentiation of the relatively slow growing and fairly late metastasizing malignant tumors from adenomas is not possible. Nevertheless, we screen our patients every 3-4 years. Computed tomography is superior to ultrasonography for this purpose, because ultrasonography lacks the necessary sensitivity in this group of patients. (orig.)

  2. Nursing care of indwelling catheter thrombolysis for acute thrombosis in the arteriovenous fistula in hemodialysis patients

    Objective: To summarize the experience of the nursing care of indwelling catheter thrombolysis for acute thrombosis in the arteriovenous fistula in eight hemodialysis patients. Methods: After breaking thrombus through indwelling catheter, both bolus injection and micro-pump continuous infusion of urokinase was employed in eight hemodialysis patients with acute thrombosis in the arteriovenous fistula. The necessary nursing measures were carried out to assist the whole therapeutic procedure. Results: All the patients could well cooperate with the procedure of indwelling catheter thrombolysis and urokinase infusion. The reopening rate of the obstructed fistula was 100%. Conclusion: Indwelling catheter thrombolysis with urokinase infusion is a simple, effective and safe treatment for acute thrombosis in the arteriovenous fistula in hemodialysis patients. In order to obtain optimal results, necessary nursing measures must be carried out. (authors)

  3. Enfermedad renal quística adquirida que simula una poliquistosis renal del adulto en un paciente en hemodiálisis crónica Acquired cystic kidney disease mimicking adult polycystic kidney disease in a patient undergoing chronic hemodialysis

    Yanet Parodis López

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Se presentó la evolución clínica de un paciente de 59 años de edad en hemodiálisis desde el año 1994, que llega a la insuficiencia renal crónica (IRC terminal por la vía aparente de la hipertensión arterial, que luego de 11 años en el proceder dialítico desarrolla un aumento de tamaño de los riñones con grandes quistes, cuyo aspecto en la ecografía y en la tomografía es indistinguible de una poliquistosis renal dominante del adulto.The clinical evolution of a 59-year-old patient on hemodialysis since 1994 that apparently reaches the end-stage chronic kidney failure (CKF by arterial hypertension is presented. After 11 years under the dialytic procedure, it is observed an increase of the size of the kidneys with large cysts, whose aspect in the echography and in the tomography is undistinguishable from an adult dominant polycystic kidney disease.

  4. Food intake in patients on hemodialysis

    Inaiana Marques Filizola Vaz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the intake of energy and nutrients by individuals on hemodialysis, following especific recommendations for this population and according to Food Guide for the Brazilian Population. Methods: A cross-sectional study, 118 adult patients, considered stable from, ten dialysis centers in Goiânia, Goiás. Dietary intake was estimated by six 24-hour recalls, and classified as adequate or inadequate, according to specific recommendations for individuals undergoing dialysis and that recommended for a healthy diet. A descriptive analysis was performed. Results: Average dietary intake of 2022.40 ± 283.70 kcal/day; 31.18 kcal/kg/day; 55.03 ± 4.20% carbohydrate; 30.23 ± 3.71% lipid, 1.18 ± 0.23 g protein/kg/day. Important prevalences of inadequacy were observed for the intake of calories (39.0%, protein (39.0% and other nutrients such as retinol (94.9%, saturated fat (87.3%, cholesterol (61,9%, iron (61.0%, potassium (60.2% and zinc (45.0%. Patients had a low intake of fruit food group (1.22 ± 0.89 servings and vegetables (1.76 ± 1.01 servings, dairy products (0.57 ± 0.43 servings and high intake of food group of oils and fats (3.45 ± 0.95 servings, sugars and sweets (1.55 ± 0.77 servings. Conclusion: Observed food consumption imbalance, characterized by excess of oils and fats, especially saturated oils and cholesterol, sugars and sweets, parallel to low intake of fruits and vegetables and dairy products. A considerable percentage of patients did not intake the minimum recommended of calories, protein, retinol, iron, zinc and potassium.

  5. [A new bone anchored hemodialysis access].

    Arnold, Andreas; Kruse, Anja; Wiedmer, Simona; Widmer, Matthias; Guignard, Jrmie; Schtz, Daniel; Guenat, Jean-Marc; Bachtler, Matthias; Caversaccio, Marco; Uehlinger, Dominik E; Frey, Felix J; Husler, Rudolf; Stieger, Christof

    2015-08-01

    When classic arteriovenous fistulas or grafts fail, dialysis patients have a vital requirement for a catheter to ensure vascular access. Permanent central venous catheters penetrate the cervical and thoracic soft tissues and the skin without rigid fixation. The infection rate for such devices is high, often requiring explantation. Bone anchored hearing aids are an established treatment in patients with conductive hearing loss. The implant is firmly fixed on the temporal bone and the abutment permanently penetrates the skin. Severe infections requiring explantation are very rare. We suppose that one of the main reasons for the low complication rate is the firm fixation of the implant to the temporal bone, which minimizes the movement of the skin relative to the underlying bone. Based on the experience with implantable hearing devices we developed a percutaneous bone anchored port fixed to the skull in the region of the temporal bone. Such a bone anchored port could be a beneficial alternative to conventional central venous catheters for patients undergoing hemodialysis. In the course of the development process we investigated the individual anatomy to locate the correct implantation site with sufficient bone thickness; we studied screw stability in bone; we developed the titanium implant that houses the port system as well as the surgical tools and procedure for save implantation; we tested flow rate, leak tightness and purification on mockups; we defined the Seldinger-insertion of the catheter into the internal jugular vein via a small neck incision. Our results show the technical feasibility of a temporal bone anchored port and form the basis of a now-approved clinical pilot study. PMID:26227980

  6. Serum trypsin inhibitory capacity in hemodialysis patients

    It has been established that overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) occurs during hemodialysis causing oxidation of proteins. Alpha-1-antitrypsin is the major circulating anti-protease which contains methionine in the active site. The aim of the present study was to measure the level of serum trypsin inhibitory capacity (sTIC) in hemodialysis patients. This case-control study was performed in 52 hemodialysis patients and 49 healthy controls. sTIC was measured by enzymatic assay. The sTIC was significantly (P< 0.001) lower in hemodialysis patients (1.87 + - 0.67 micron mol/min/mL) than healthy controls (2.83 + - 0.44 micron mol/min/L). Reduction of sTIC may be due to the oxidation of methionine residue in the reactive site of alpha-1 antitrypsin. (author)

  7. Five months of physical exercise in hemodialysis patients

    Molsted, Stig; Eidemak, Inge; Sorensen, Helle Tauby; Kristensen, Jens Halkjaer

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The number of chronic renal failure patients treated by hemodialysis (HD) is continuously increasing. Most patients have reduced physical capacity and have a high risk of cardiac and vascular diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of 5 months physical exercise of......% of all sessions. There were no dropouts caused by complications related to the intervention. The EG had a significant increase in aerobic capacity, 'squat test' and Physical Function and Physical Component Scale (SF36). No significant changes were observed in any of the parameters in the CG...

  8. Vitamin D deficiency in hemodialysis patients

    Beena Bansal; Shyam Bansal; Ambrish Mithal; Vijay Kher; Raman Marwaha

    2012-01-01

    Background : Vitamin D [(25(OH)D] deficiency and insufficiency is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). 25(OH)D has been found to have beneficial effects on bone, cardiovascular and immune functions. There are little data about vitamin D levels in Indian patients on dialysis. This study was undertaken to determine the vitamin D status of Indian CKD patients on hemodialysis. Materials and Methods : We included 45 patients on maintenance hemodialysis coming to Medanta, Medicity,...

  9. Dialyzability of gadodiamide in hemodialysis patients

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the contrast enhancement, pharmacokinetics, dialyzability, and safety of gadodiamide in patients on hemodialysis. Thirteen hemodialysis patients with abdominal disease were examined after receiving intravenous gadodiamide (0.1 mmol/kg body weight) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and were dialyzed at 1, 3, 5, and 8 days. Blood samples were obtained immediately before, during, and at the end of the first hemodialysis session and immediately before and at the end of the next three sessions. The complete blood count, blood biochemistry, β2-microglobulin, and gadolinium were measured. Dialysis of urea, creatinine, and gadolinium during the first hemodialysis session was assessed. Precontrast and postcontrast MRI and Gd-enhanced MR angiography (MRA) images were reviewed and visually evaluated by two radiologists; their evaluation was based on consensus. Gadodiamide did not cause any changes in renal function. An average of 73.8%, 92.4%, and 98.9% of the gadodiamide dose was eliminated by the end of the first, second, and third hemodialysis sessions, respectively. The average half-time of gadodiamide was 1.93 h (SD 0.55). The mean clearance of gadodiamide during hemodialysis was 63.5 ml/min (SD 21.9). There were no side effects related to the injection of gadodiamide. In all cases, diagnosable MRI and MRA images were obtained after gadodiamide injection in the hemodialysis patients. In hemodialysis patients, gadodiamide achieves diagnosable images. It is dialyzable and can be used safely without measures to increase excretion. (author)

  10. A positive correlation of serum homocysteine with leptin in maintenance hemodialysis patients

    Hamid Nasri

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Serum leptin is cleared principally by the kidneys and serum leptin concentrations are increased in patients with chronic renal failure and those undergoing a maintenance dialysis. Mild-to-moderate elevations in plasma total homocysteine (Hcy levels are also observed in the great majority of patients with end-stage renal disease who are undergoing a dialysis. A paradoxically inverse association between higher serum leptin and improved markers of the nutritional status was shown. Based on the above mentioned data regarding the associations of homocysteine and leptin with the nutritional status, we tested the hypothesis that the concentration of serum homocysteine and leptin in hemodialysis patients may have an association. Material and methods: In a cross-sectional analysis on 36 (F=15, M=21 stable hemodialysis (HD patients, consisting of 25 non-diabetic HD patients and 11 diabetics, serum homocysteine and serum leptin were measured. Results: In this study a significant positive correlation of serum leptin with homocysteine and a significant positive correlation of homocysteine with the body mass index (BMI and also a significant positive correlation of leptin with BMI were found. Conclusions: The positive correlations of serum homocysteine with leptin and also with BMI show its good correlation with the nutritional status of regular hemodialysis patients.

  11. Comparison of analgesic efficacy of four-quadrant transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and continuous posterior TAP analgesia with epidural analgesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery: an open-label, randomised, non-inferiority trial.

    Niraj, G; Kelkar, A; Hart, E; Horst, C; Malik, D; Yeow, C; Singh, B; Chaudhri, S

    2014-04-01

    Posterior transversus abdominis plane blocks have been reported to be an effective method of providing analgesia after lower abdominal surgery. We compared the efficacy of a novel technique of providing continuous transversus abdominis plane analgesia with epidural analgesia in patients on an enhanced recovery programme following laparoscopic colorectal surgery. A non-inferiority comparison was used. Adult patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery were randomly assigned to receive continuous transversus abdominis plane analgesia (n = 35) vs epidural analgesia (n = 35), in addition to a postoperative analgesic regimen comprising regular paracetamol, regular diclofenac and tramadol as required. Sixty-one patients completed the study. The transversus group received four-quadrant transversus abdominis plane blocks and bilateral posterior transversus abdominis plane catheters that were infused with levobupivacaine 0.25% for 48 h. The epidural group received an infusion of bupivacaine and fentanyl. The primary outcome measure was visual analogue scale pain score on coughing at 24 h after surgery. We found no significant difference in median (IQR [range]) visual analogue scores during coughing at 24 h between the transversus group 2.5 (1.0-3.0 [0-5.5]) and the epidural group 2.5 (1.0-5.0 [0-6.0]). The one-sided 97.5% CI was a 0.0 (∞-1.0) difference in means, establishing non-inferiority. There were no significant differences between the groups for tramadol consumption. Success rate was 28/30 (93%) in the transversus group vs 27/31 (87%) in the epidural group. Continuous transversus abdominis plane infusion was non-inferior to epidural infusion in providing analgesia after laparoscopic colorectal surgery. PMID:24641640

  12. Hemodialysis Catheters: How to Keep Yours Working Well

    ... Z Health Guide Featured Story Are you a dialysis patient? Sign up for our FREE magazine, Kidney ... NKF Newsroom Contact Us You are here Home » Hemodialysis Catheters: How to Keep Yours Working Well Hemodialysis ...

  13. Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Hemodialysis Patients - The CORDIAL Study

    There are scarce epidemiological data on cardiovascular risk profile of chronic hemodialysis patients in Brazil. The CORDIAL study was designed to evaluate cardiovascular risk factors and follow up a hemodialysis population in a Brazilian metropolitan city. All patients undergoing regular hemodialysis for chronic renal failure in all fifteen nephrology centers of Porto Alegre were considered for inclusion in the baseline phase of the CORDIAL study. Clinical, laboratory and demographic data were obtained in medical records and in structured individual interviews performed in all patients by trained researchers. A total of 1215 patients were included (97.3% of all hemodialysis patients in the city of Porto Alegre). Their average age was 58.3 years old, 59.5% were male and 62.8% were white. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors observed was 87.5% for hypertension, 84.7% for dyslipidemia, 73.1% for sedentary lifestyle, 53.7% for tobacco use, and 35.8% for diabetes. In a multivariate adjusted analysis, we found that sedentary lifestyle (p = 0.032, PR 1.08 - 95%CI: 1.01-1.15), dyslipidemia (p = 0.019, PR 1.08 - 95%CI: 1.01-1.14), and obesity (p < 0.001, PR 1.96 - 95%CI: 1.45-2.63) were more frequent in women; and hypertension (p = 0.018, PR 1.06 - 95%CI: 1.01-1.11) and tobacco use (p = 0.006, PR 2.7 - 95%CI: 1.79-4.17) were more often found among patients under 65 years old. Sedentary lifestyle was independently associated with time in dialysis less than 12 months (p < 0.001, PR 1.23 - 95% CI: 1.14-1.33). Hemodialysis patients in this southern metropolitan Brazilian city have a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors resembling many northern countries

  14. Prevalence of Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Hemodialysis Patients - The CORDIAL Study

    Burmeister, Jayme Eduardo, E-mail: jb.nefro@gmail.com [Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre - Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Universidade Luterana do Brasil - Curso de Medicina, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Mosmann, Camila Borges [Universidade Luterana do Brasil - Curso de Medicina, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Costa, Veridiana Borges [Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre - Faculdade de Medicina, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Saraiva, Ramiro Tubino; Grandi, Renata Rech; Bastos, Juliano Peixoto [Universidade Luterana do Brasil - Curso de Medicina, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Gonçalves, Luiz Felipe [Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - Faculdade de Medicina, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Hospital Mãe de Deus - Departamento de Nefrologia, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Rosito, Guido Aranha [Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre - Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Universidade Luterana do Brasil - Curso de Medicina, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil)

    2014-05-15

    There are scarce epidemiological data on cardiovascular risk profile of chronic hemodialysis patients in Brazil. The CORDIAL study was designed to evaluate cardiovascular risk factors and follow up a hemodialysis population in a Brazilian metropolitan city. All patients undergoing regular hemodialysis for chronic renal failure in all fifteen nephrology centers of Porto Alegre were considered for inclusion in the baseline phase of the CORDIAL study. Clinical, laboratory and demographic data were obtained in medical records and in structured individual interviews performed in all patients by trained researchers. A total of 1215 patients were included (97.3% of all hemodialysis patients in the city of Porto Alegre). Their average age was 58.3 years old, 59.5% were male and 62.8% were white. The prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors observed was 87.5% for hypertension, 84.7% for dyslipidemia, 73.1% for sedentary lifestyle, 53.7% for tobacco use, and 35.8% for diabetes. In a multivariate adjusted analysis, we found that sedentary lifestyle (p = 0.032, PR 1.08 - 95%CI: 1.01-1.15), dyslipidemia (p = 0.019, PR 1.08 - 95%CI: 1.01-1.14), and obesity (p < 0.001, PR 1.96 - 95%CI: 1.45-2.63) were more frequent in women; and hypertension (p = 0.018, PR 1.06 - 95%CI: 1.01-1.11) and tobacco use (p = 0.006, PR 2.7 - 95%CI: 1.79-4.17) were more often found among patients under 65 years old. Sedentary lifestyle was independently associated with time in dialysis less than 12 months (p < 0.001, PR 1.23 - 95% CI: 1.14-1.33). Hemodialysis patients in this southern metropolitan Brazilian city have a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors resembling many northern countries.

  15. Basilic Vein Transposition Used as a Tertiary Vascular Access for Hemodialysis: 15 Years of Experience

    Novotný, Róbert; Slavíková, Marcela; Hlubocký, Jaroslav; Mitáš, Petr; Hrubý, Jan; Lindner, Jaroslav

    2016-01-01

    INTRODUCTION The quality of the life in patients requiring long term hemodialysis is directly proportional to the long-term patency of their vascular access. Basilic vein transposition for vascular access (BAVA) represents a suitable option for creating a tertiary native vascular access for hemodialysis on the upper extremities for patients requiring long term hemodialysis. The purpose of the study is to compare BAVAs with arteriovenous grafts (AVG). METHOD Data collection was based on selecting all of the patients with BAVA created in the time period in between January 1996 and August 2011. A questionnaire was created and sent to the selected hemodialysis centers. The resulting set of data was statistically analyzed and evaluated. RESULTS In the time period between 1 January 1996 and August 2011, arteriovenous access for hemodialysis was created in 6754 patients (7203 procedures in total). Out of these patients, 175 BAVAs were created. Our patient database of those undergoing the BAVA procedure consisted of 98 females (56%) and 77 males (44%) with an average age of 64.5 years. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 60% (105 patients). Primary patency after 12 months was 68.8%, 24 months 59.7%, 36 months 53.8, 48 months 53.8%, and 60 months 50%. Primary assisted patency after 12 months was 89.9%, 24 months 84.6%, 36 months 77.8%, 48 months 77.9%, 60 months 70.8%. Secondary patency after 12 months was 89.4%, 24 months 86.9%, 36 months 81%, 48 months 78.9%, 60 months 75.7%. Twenty-nine BAVAs (16.5%) were obliterated. CONCLUSION Patients benefit from this type of procedure due to the longer patency of a native arteriovenous access, as well as a lower incidence of infectious complications. PMID:26848275

  16. Hyperhomocysteinemia and vascular access thrombosis in hemodialysis patients: a retrospective study

    Saifan C

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Chadi Saifan, Elie El-Charabaty, Suzanne El-SayeghStaten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USABackground: Elevated total plasma homocysteine is an independent risk factor for arterial and venous thrombosis in patients with normal renal function. Patients on hemodialysis have a high prevalence of mild to moderate hyperhomocysteinemia. Conflicting retrospective analyses and prospective studies have been reported regarding the association between total homocysteine levels and hemodialysis vascular thrombosis. The purpose of this retrospective study was to investigate the relationship between hyperhomocysteinemia and vascular access thrombosis (VAT in patients on hemodialysis.Methods: One hundred and twenty-five patients undergoing dialysis were selected as subjects. The experimental group participants were identified as those having one or more VAT during the previous 13 months and the control group participants had no access thrombosis during the same period. Additional subgroup analysis included the presence of hypertension, diabetes, low-density lipoprotein levels, sex, and use of aspirin.Results: No statistically significant difference was found in total homocysteine levels between the two groups (P = 0.27. No association was found between VAT and sex (P = 0.09, VAT and hypertension (P = 0.96, VAT and diabetes (P = 0.49, nor VAT and low-density lipoprotein level (P = 0.04. A lower rate of VAT was associated with aspirin intake (P = 0.04.Conclusion: This study did not demonstrate a relationship between total homocysteine concentrations and risk of VAT in patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis. There were no significant differences in the number of VAT across additional variables of sex and previous morbidity. Aspirin intake was associated with a lower incidence of VAT.Keywords: hyperhomocysteinemia, vascular access thrombosis, hemodialysis

  17. Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy Clearance Rate for Salicylate Toxicity in Multi-System Trauma

    Hendrickson, Robert G.; L. Keith French; Daniel Silverman

    2012-01-01

    The management of patients with concomitant xenobiotic toxicity and multisystem trauma can be complex. While hemodialysis is generally the modality of choice for extracorporeal elimination of salicylates, the potential for large volume shifts and hypotension may pose a risk in patients with traumatic brain injury. An alternative therapy to hemodialysis is continuous renal replacement therapy, which has slower clearance rates than hemodialysis, but has decreased adverse effects in cases of tra...

  18. Hepatitis D Is a Forgotten Problem in Hemodialysis Patients in the World

    Seyed-Moayed Alavian

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Hepatitis Delta Virus (HDV is a small defective virus that replicates only in the presence of Hepatitis B surface Antigen (HBsAg (1. The epidemiology of HDV infection is similar to HBV but with notable exceptions. Evidence of HDV infection was found all around the world. It is estimated that approximately 5% of HBsAg carriers are infected with HDV infection all around the world. HDV infection occurs worldwide but incidence and prevalence data are limited due to inaccurate reporting and delayed detection. It is more difficult to determine the number of cases of acute or fulminant hepatitis related to HDV infection, as the incidence varies among continents, countries, and regions. In general, three epidemiological patterns of HDV infection can be identified. They include the endemic pattern (such as what occurs in southern Italy and Greece, the epidemic pattern (epidemics have been reported in the Amazon Basin of Venezuela, and the occurrence of HDV infection among high-risk groups such as intravenous drug users (in developed Western countries. The epidemiology of HDV infection seems to be changing in some regions. Vaccination against HBV, decrease in HBV infection and thus in the pool of HBsAg carriers who may be infected with HDV are responsible for this decrease. Immigration patterns can be expected to have an impact on HDV infection. Nonetheless, it continues to represent a public health problem in some parts of the world yet (2-5. HBV infection in dialysis patients varies among different localities and correlates with the endemicity in the general population of the region. HBV prevalence has decreased in many countries in general population and dialysis patients. Improvement of people's knowledge about risk factors, national vaccination programs for neonates and vaccination of high risk groups are responsible for these decrease in prevalence of HBV infection in general population (6. The overall incidence and prevalence of HBV infection in dialysis patients has decreased over the years as a result of routine screening of blood products for HBsAg, the advent of recombinant human erythropoietin, HBV vaccination and the implementation of infection control measures (7, 8. However, the prevalence and incidence rates of HBsAg positivity are still high among patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis in the less developed countries (9.Transmission of HDV is similar to HBV, via blood and blood fluids containing the virus, and infection occurs by parenteral routs (10. Dialysis patients may acquire HDV infection as they are at risk of hepatitis B infection. The information on the epidemiology of HDV infection in the dialysis patients is limited. This may be in part related to limited use or availability of delta testing. In European countries, such as France, Sweden, and the USA, HDV infection is restricted to high risk group of drug addicts and has decreased during recent years (11. There are some reports of acute and fulminant hepatitis or symptom-free transmission in dialysis patients with HBV and HDV infections (12-14. The prevalence was different from zero to 44.5% in hemodialysis patients (15, 16. The prevalence of HDV in different groups is related to routs of transmission. In Iran, the main route for HBV transmission was vertical in past (6, 17 and the difference between the prevalence of HDV infection in hemodialysis patients (44.5% and asymptomatic carriers (2.5% is meaningful (15.Delta virus is of particular potential concern in hemodialysis units where segregation of HBsAg positive atients to minimize hepatitis B transmission to susceptible patients may facilitate the transmission of delta agent (18. HDV infection is not important in developed countries, but may be a major risk for fulminant hepatitis in hemodialysis patients with HBV infection in developing countries. The importance of HDV is rising due to immigration phenomenon from area of developing countries. I recommend periodic testing for HDV infection by anti-HDV antibody in HBsAg positive carriers on chronic hemodialysis treatment.

  19. The experience of person with chronic renal disease in hemodialysis: meanings attributed for the patients

    Claudinei Jos CJGC Gomes Campos

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Hemodialysis treatment received by chronic renal patients is known to be distressing and to impose a set of biological, psychological and social limitations(1. This work aimed to study how renal patients experience disease and hemodialysis treatment in a specialized service of a State University Hospital. As specific aims they were to analyze and understand the meanings the patient attributes to disease and treatment; to know the bio-psychosocial limitations experienced by the renal patient undergoing hemodialysis and to understand how they cope with them besides to analyze under the patient viewpoint how he realizes the treatment received from health professionals and their interpersonal relationships. The method used was clinical qualitative (2, using semi guided interview as instrument of data collection (3. The sample of 7 patients was obtained by intentional sampling and data saturation and the interviews were audio recorded and fully transcripted. The data were analyzed according the thematic content (4. Four categories were obtained: 1 the experiences and meanings of hemodialysis for the patient, 2- psychological aspects involved, 3- physical and social limitations caused by the disease and treatment and 4 the relationship with the hemodialysis team. The conclusions were that chronic renal patient attributes diverse meanings to hemodialysis treatment and that survival appeared as the main meaning for such event. The renal disease and hemodialysis treatment cause individual emotional alterations in different degrees that can interfere in the treatment evolution. Patients have difficulties in social and professional life, relations with friends and family members besides somewhat social discrimination. On the interpersonal relation with the health team, patients indicate the need for more attention and willingness to be listened more (5. Referncias Bibliogrficas 1 - Matta GC. Hospitais, subjetividade e glomrulos inoperantes: da doena renal ao renal crnico. (Dissertao. Rio de Janeiro (RJ: Instituto de Medicina Social da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro; 1998. 2 - Turato EG. Introduo metodologia da pesquisa clnico-qualitativa: definio e principais caractersticas. Revista Portuguesa de Psicossomtica 2000; 2(1:93-108. 3 - Kvale S. Interviews: an introduction to qualitative research interviewing. Thousand Oaks: SAGE; 1996. 4 - Downe-Wamboldt B. Content analysis: method, applications, and issues. Health Care Women Int, 1992; 13(3:313-21. 5 - Perestrello D. A Medicina da pessoa. 4a ed., So Paulo (SP: Atheneu; 1996.

  20. The experience of person with chronic renal disease in hemodialysis: meanings attributed for the patients

    Claudinei Jos CJGC Gomes Campos

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available Hemodialysis treatment received by chronic renal patients is known to be distressing and to impose a set of biological, psychological and social limitations(1. This work aimed to study how renal patients experience disease and hemodialysis treatment in a specialized service of a State University Hospital. As specific aims they were to analyze and understand the meanings the patient attributes to disease and treatment; to know the bio-psychosocial limitations experienced by the renal patient undergoing hemodialysis and to understand how they cope with them besides to analyze under the patient viewpoint how he realizes the treatment received from health professionals and their interpersonal relationships. The method used was clinical qualitative (2, using semi guided interview as instrument of data collection (3. The sample of 7 patients was obtained by intentional sampling and data saturation and the interviews were audio recorded and fully transcripted. The data were analyzed according the thematic content (4. Four categories were obtained: 1 the experiences and meanings of hemodialysis for the patient, 2- psychological aspects involved, 3- physical and social limitations caused by the disease and treatment and 4 the relationship with the hemodialysis team. The conclusions were that chronic renal patient attributes diverse meanings to hemodialysis treatment and that survival appeared as the main meaning for such event. The renal disease and hemodialysis treatment cause individual emotional alterations in different degrees that can interfere in the treatment evolution. Patients have difficulties in social and professional life, relations with friends and family members besides somewhat social discrimination. On the interpersonal relation with the health team, patients indicate the need for more attention and willingness to be listened more (5.Referncias Bibliogrficas1 - Matta GC. Hospitais, subjetividade e glomrulos inoperantes: da doena renal ao renal crnico. (Dissertao. Rio de Janeiro (RJ: Instituto de Medicina Social da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro; 1998.2 - Turato EG. Introduo metodologia da pesquisa clnico-qualitativa: definio e principais caractersticas. Revista Portuguesa de Psicossomtica 2000; 2(1:93-108.3 - Kvale S. Interviews: an introduction to qualitative research interviewing. Thousand Oaks: SAGE; 1996.4 - Downe-Wamboldt B. Content analysis: method, applications, and issues. Health Care Women Int, 1992; 13(3:313-21.5 - Perestrello D. A Medicina da pessoa. 4a ed., So Paulo (SP: Atheneu; 1996.

  1. Hemodialysis

    ... KEEP Healthy Event at Hartford Boys & Girls Club Sat, 05/21/2016 - 11:00am Hartford, CT 2016 San Diego Kidney Walk Sun, 05/22/2016 - 8:00am San Diego, CA Register Now Central New Jersey Kidney Walk Sun, 05/22/2016 - 8: ...

  2. Antihypertensive Agents in Hemodialysis Patients: A Current Perspective

    Inrig, Jula K

    2010-01-01

    Hypertension affects most hemodialysis patients and is often poorly controlled. Adequate control of blood pressure is difficult with conventional hemodialysis alone but is important to improve cardiovascular outcomes. Nonpharmacologic interventions to improve blood pressure include educating patients about limiting sodium intake, ensuring adequate sodium solute removal during hemodialysis, and achieving target dry weight. However, most patients require a number of antihypertensive medicatio...

  3. Bioimpedance analysis versus lung ultrasonography for optimal risk prediction in hemodialysis patients.

    Siriopol, Dimitrie; Voroneanu, Luminita; Hogas, Simona; Apetrii, Mugurel; Gramaticu, Angelica; Dumea, Raluca; Burlacu, Alexandru; Sascau, Radu; Kanbay, Mehmet; Covic, Adrian

    2016-02-01

    Fluid overload is associated with adverse outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Two bedside methods are increasingly utilized to evaluate objectively fluid status-bioimpedance and lung ultrasonography, but there is no available direct, head-to-head comparison of their prognostic significance. Importantly, their predictive abilities have never been tested in a HD population, alongside those of a classic model that also incorporates established echocardiographic parameters of increased mortality risk. Between 26 May 2011 and 26 October 2012, we included in the study 173 patients undergoing chronic HD treatment for at least 3 months in a single dialysis unit. Relative fluid overload (RFO) and B-lines score (BLS) were used as candidate predictors. From Cox survival analysis we evaluated the increase in the predictive abilities for all-cause mortality of adding continuous RFO or BLS to a model including conventional predictors . 31 patients (17.9 %) died during a median follow-up of 21.3 (interquartile range 19.9-30.3) months. All Cox models showed good calibration. The C statistic for the all-cause mortality prediction increased significantly when the RFO was included into the baseline model (ΔC statistics 0.058 95 %CI = 0.003-0.114), but not when the BLS was included into the baseline model. Only the model that incorporated RFO showed significantly better risk reclassification abilities than the baseline model (IDI = 3.6 % and continuous NRI = 24.8 %). Fluid overload, as assessed by bioimpedance, and not by lung ultrasonography, improves risk prediction for death, beyond classical and echocardiographic-based risk prediction scores/parameters. PMID:26428675

  4. The cost of hemodialysis in a large hemodialysis center.

    Al Saran, Khalid; Sabry, Alaa

    2012-01-01

    To assess the cost of hemodialysis (HD) delivered at our center according to the treatment protocols based on the current Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) guidelines, we analyzed our cost data during the period from 1st of January 2007 to 30th of June 2010. The methods were used to determine both direct costs (related to dialysis treatment such as dialysis disposables, dialysis related drugs, medical personnel, out-patient medications, laboratory and other ancillary services) and overhead costs (building, maintenance and engineering costs, housekeeping, and administrative personnel). During the study period, an average of 2,500 HD sessions per month were performed for 200 patients. The mean total cost per HD session was calculated as 297 US dollars (USD) [1,114 Saudi Riyals (SR)], and the mean total cost of dialysis per patient per year was 46,332 USD (173,784 SR). Direct costs contributed to 81.15% of the total cost from which the personnel cost represented 41.11% and dialysis disposables represented 13.64%, while medications (outpatient and intravenous dialysis related medications including albumin, erythropoiesis stimulating agents, iron and vitamin D?) accounted for 12.47% of the total cost. Our total cost level is well below the average cost in the industrialized countries. PMID:22237223

  5. Bone mineral density and markers of bone turnover in patients with renal transplantation and regular hemodialysis

    Samir M. Ibrahim,. Khalid H Abdel-Mageed, Magdi M El-Sharkawy

    2002-01-01

    Background: Decreased bone mineral density (BMD) is a known complication for the uremic state antedating dialysis / renal transplantation (RTx). The issue of stabilized versus continued decrease of BMD especially on long-term basis, continues to be unresolved. Patients and Methods: !"#"hemodialysis (HD-#" $% " &'( )&'(-group) had been evaluated for metabolic bone changes by calcium homeostasis parameters (serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase "ALP" and vitamin D "calcitriol"), marke...

  6. Near-Death Experience in Patients on Hemodialysis.

    Johnson, Sharona

    2015-01-01

    Near-death experience (NDE) is a phenomenon that occurs when a person loses consciousness and senses a disconnection from the world around them. Patients on hemodialysis can experience multiple NDEs over their lifetime. An NDE during a hemodialysis session while connected to a hemodialysis machine can present challenges to this patient population and the nurses caring for them. The purpose of this article is to discuss the potential after effects of NDE in patients who experience this phenomenon while connected to a hemodialysis machine and to propose that nurses lead the healthcare team in addressing the after effects of NDE in patients on hemodialysis. PMID:26462306

  7. Emergency hemodialysis in the management of intoxication.

    Satar, Salim; Alpay, Nezihat Rana; Sebe, Ahmet; Gokel, Yuksel

    2006-01-01

    Management of intoxicated patients has many aspects in a wide spectrum, beginning with decontamination processes and basic supportive care. The most logical therapeutic approach is probably the specific antidotes, when available and/or applicable. On the other hand, many chemicals and drugs, can be removed from the body by means of hemodialysis or hemoperfusion while treating vital sign abnormalities and electrolyte and acid-base disturbances of the patient. In this paper, we describe 11 cases of intoxication, 6 with methyl alcohol, 3 with lithium, and 2 with salicylate, admitted to emergency department and treated with hemodialysis between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2004. We review their medical charts and detailed demographic data, medical history, type of exposure, clinical and laboratory presentations, duration of hemodialysis performed, and the outcome. PMID:16988535

  8. Non-Invasive, Non-Contact Heart Monitoring of Hemodialysis Patients with a Micropower Impulse Radar Technique

    Chang, J; Levin, N; Poland, D; Welsh, P; Paulsen, C; Trebes, J; Rosenbury, R; Killip, T

    2002-02-01

    This report summarizes the LLNL LDRD funded portion of a collaborative project to demonstrate and clinically evaluate the micropower impulse radar technology as a means to non-invasively monitor the heart of chronic care patients undergoing hemodialysis. The development is based upon technologies and expertise unique to LLNL. The LLNL LDRD funded portion of this project was used to assist in the definition, design, construction, and evaluation of the prototype.

  9. The relationship between Personality Traits, Anxiety and Depression, in Life Quality of patients under treatment by Hemodialysis [HD

    Maryam Bakhtiari; Kianoosh Falaknazi; Mojgan Lotfi; Mohammad Noori; Alireza Naseri Saleh Abad

    2013-01-01

    Please cite this article as: Bakhtiari M, Falaknazi K, Lotfi M, Noori M, Naseri Saleh Abad A. The relationship between Personality Traits, Anxiety and Depression, in Life Quality of patients under treatment by Hemodialysis [HD]. Novel Biomed 2013;1:1-7.Background: The purpose of this study is to examine personality traits in renal patients undergoing haemodialysis (HD) and its connection to depression, anxiety, and life quality. In this study we also aim to propose an intervention for treatme...

  10. Erectile dysfunction in hemodialysis patients

    Imen Gorsane

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Erectile dysfunction (ED is a common problem seen among patients on hemodialysis (HD, but it is still a taboo subject in our country. The attention given to this sexual problem remained low, and the prevalence of ED among these patients has not been well characterized. We carried out this study in order to determine the prevalence and severity of ED in HD patients. We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study in our HD unit in March 2013. ED was evaluated using the International Index Erection Function. Thirty patients with a mean age of 49.1 years were eligible for this study. The main causes of chronic kidney disease were hypertension (62.5% and diabetes (41.6%. The prevalence of ED was 80%, including 33.3% severe ED. Plasma levels of gonadotropins: luteinizing hormone (LH, follicule-stimulating hormone were in the standards except for one patient who had an elevated level of LH. Prolactin was elevated in four cases. ED was present in 8.4% of patients before the discovery of renal failure and in 91.6% of patients at the beginning of dialysis. For 19 patients (79.1%, the ED had increased during the dialysis sessions. A significant number of our HD patients presented with ED of varying degrees. Nephrologists should pay attention to the problem of ED in order to improve the quality of their life.

  11. Erectile dysfunction in hemodialysis patients.

    Gorsane, Imen; Amri, Nadia; Younsi, Fathi; Helal, Imed; Kheder, Adel

    2016-01-01

    Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common problem seen among patients on hemodialysis (HD), but it is still a taboo subject in our country. The attention given to this sexual problem remained low, and the prevalence of ED among these patients has not been well characterized. We carried out this study in order to determine the prevalence and severity of ED in HD patients. We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study in our HD unit in March 2013. ED was evaluated using the International Index Erection Function. Thirty patients with a mean age of 49.1 years were eligible for this study. The main causes of chronic kidney disease were hypertension (62.5%) and diabetes (41.6%). The prevalence of ED was 80%, including 33.3% severe ED. Plasma levels of gonadotropins: luteinizing hormone (LH), follicule-stimulating hormone were in the standards except for one patient who had an elevated level of LH. Prolactin was elevated in four cases. ED was present in 8.4% of patients before the discovery of renal failure and in 91.6% of patients at the beginning of dialysis. For 19 patients (79.1%), the ED had increased during the dialysis sessions. A significant number of our HD patients presented with ED of varying degrees. Nephrologists should pay attention to the problem of ED in order to improve the quality of their life. PMID:26787562

  12. A proteomic analysis of human hemodialysis fluid

    Molina, Henrik; Bunkenborg, Jakob; Reddy, G Hanumanthu; Muthusamy, Babylakshmi; Scheel, Paul J; Pandey, Akhilesh

    2005-01-01

    . Limitations of such approaches in obtaining a comprehensive catalog of proteins include the fact that a handful of proteins constitute over 90% of plasma protein content and that the renal glomeruli filter out proteins and polypeptides that are smaller than 66 kDa from blood. We chose to study hemodialysis...... identified from serum or plasma. More than half of the proteins identified from the hemodialysis fluid were smaller than 40 kDa. We also found 50 N-terminally acetylated peptides that allowed us to unambiguously map the N termini of mature forms of the corresponding proteins. Several identified proteins...

  13. Oral Tori in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients

    Pei-Jung Chao; Huang-Yu Yang; Wen-Hung Huang; Cheng-Hao Weng; I-Kuan Wang; Tsai, Aileen I.; Tzung-Hai Yen

    2015-01-01

    Background. This study investigated the epidemiology of torus palatinus (TP) and torus mandibularis (TM) in hemodialysis patients and analyzed the influences of hyperparathyroidism on the formation of oral tori. Method. During 2013, 119 hemodialysis patients were recruited for dental examinations for this study. Results. The prevalence of oral tori in our sample group was high at 33.6% (40 of 119). The most common location of tori was TP (70.0%), followed by TM (20.0%), and then both TP and T...

  14. Osteoarthropathy in long-term hemodialysis patients

    The authors reviewed hand and wrist films of 81 patients who had undergone hemodialysis for a minimum of 5 and a mean duration 7.5 years. The films of 32 patients showed arthritic changes consisting of articular erosions, joint space narrowings, periarticular cysts, and osteopenia. Five of these patients had subcutaneous or periarticular calcific deposits. The frequency and severity of the radiographic findings increased with increasing duration of dialysis. It appears that in addition to the well-recognized secondary hyperparathyroidism there is a second commonly occurring osteoarthropathy (40% in this series) related to long-term hemodialysis

  15. Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in hemodialysis patients.

    Latos, D L; Stone, W J; Alford, R H

    1977-01-01

    Fifteen male hemodialysis patients developed 21 episodes of S. aureus bacteremia. Infections involving vascular access were responsible for 65% of initial bacteremias. The arteriovenous fistula was the most prevalent type of access used, and thus was responsible for the majority of these illnesses. Phage typing indicated that recurrent episodes were due to reinfection rather than relapse. Complications included endocarditis, osteomyelitis, septic embolism, and pericarditis. One patient died of infectious complications. It is recommended that hemodialysis patients developing bacteremia due to S. aureus receive at least 6 weeks of beta lactamase-resistant antimicrobial therapy. PMID:608860

  16. USG-guided needle-directed pulse-spray pharmaco-mechanical thrombolysis of hemodialysis grafts/fistula: A novel technique.

    Vikrama, Ks Amitha; Srivalli, N; Venkataramana, Raju S

    2015-01-01

    The incidence of end-stage renal disease is significantly increasing and most patients who require renal transplantation are undergoing hemodialysis through tunneled/non-tunneled dialysis catheters and arteriovenous fistulas. The greatest disadvantage of the hemodialysis access is the limited durability of the arteriovenous fistulas and grafts, which, on average, remain patent for technique of needle-directed thrombolysis is less expensive and can be done on an OPD basis in any primary healthcare setup. To the extent we have searched, no such technique has been published so far in the English literature. PMID:26288518

  17. Prolonged hypophosphatemia following parathyroidectomy in chronic hemodialysis patients

    Eda Altun

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT is a common problem in patients with end-stage renal disease. In cases with severe and resistant SHPT, surgical parathyroidectomy (PTX is recommended. Hungry bone syndrome (HBS following surgical PTX is most often associated with hypocalcemia and hypophosphatemia. The mechanisms for the HBS are not clear, and a method for its prevention has not been established. We present three hemodialysis patients with persistant hypophosphatemia after PTX. In our parathyroidectomized patients, hypocalcemia could be corrected with calcium and vitamin D treatment, but hypophosphatemia continued for eight months in one patient and in two other patients until the last visit (10 and 2 months, respectively. Predisposing factors such as old age, diabetes mellitus and parathyroid adenoma were not found in our patients. All three patients were younger (<35 years old and anuric. Hemodialysis durations were seven, three and two years. In summary, HBS presented with hypocalcemia, and especially hypophosphatemia cannot be developed uncommonly and may persist for a long time following PTX in HD patients.

  18. Serum IL-6 level and associated factors: hemodialysis patients

    Seifi S, Mokhtari A

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: The annual amount of mortality in ESRD exceeds the expectation and represents the recent evidences of the inflammation as its etiology. The etiology of inflammation is not clearly known. Chronic inflammation is a dominant occurrence of ESRD which increases the risk of atherosclerosis, malnutrition and peripheral vascular disease. Inflammatory responses are orchestrated by cytokines. Some of the proinflammatory cytokines like IL-6 have a crucial role in this phenomenon. The IL-6 and its receptor activity is up regulated in ESRD patients and the increased level of IL-6 predicts cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in normal and CRF patients. This study devotes itself to determining the serum level of IL-6 and factors affecting it in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis in Imam Khomeini Hospital which can represent the Iranian Society. By identifying factors affecting the serum level of IL-6 and high-risk patients we can provide treatment possibilities, a decrease in mortality and an improvement in its prognosis. "n"nMethods: In this study 42 patients in Imam Dialysis Center were chosen and their serum IL-6 levels were measured at 2 times at three month interval and at the same time blood sample analysis were done for the following: Alb CPR, Ca, P, PTH, TIBC, Ferritin, TG, Chol, LDL, HDL, Uric Acid, Hb, WBC and urea."n"nResults: The mean serum level of IL-6 in hemodialysis patients was 6.35±4.47pg/ml (minimum: 0.55, maximum: 18.25 with the normal range of 1.3±3.2pg/ml."n"nConclusions: The IL-6 level was higher than normal range in the 52% of the patients. The serum IL-6 level had a significant correlations with CPR, Ferritin, TIBC, WBC and their serum IL-6 level was significantly higher in patients with hypertension, but no significant correlation was observed between other parameters and IL-6

  19. Effect of Auricular Acupressure on Uremic Pruritus in Patients Receiving Hemodialysis Treatment: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Yan, Cui-Na; Yao, Wei-Guo; Bao, Yi-Jie; Shi, Xiao-Jing; Yu, Hui; Yin, Pei-Hao; Liu, Gui-Zhen

    2015-01-01

    Background. Uremic pruritus (UP) is a common symptom in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis for end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Objective. To determine the clinical efficacy of auricular acupressure therapy on pruritus in hemodialysis patients and to explore possible underlying mechanisms. Methods. Patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis at a referral medical center were recruited and assigned to intervention (n = 32) and control (n = 30) groups. The intervention group underwent auricular acupressure treatment three times a week for six weeks. Auricular acupressure was not applied to patients in the control group. However, tape without Vaccaria seeds was applied to the same six auricular acupoints as the intervention group. Pruritus scores were assessed using VAS scores, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) were used to measure levels of other possible contributory biochemical factors. Results. There was a significant difference in mean VAS scores between the postintervention and control groups during follow-up (3.844 ± 1.687 versus 5.567 ± 2.285, F = 22.32, P acupressure may be a useful treatment in the multidisciplinary management of UP in ESRD patients. PMID:26495017

  20. Sleep disorders in hemodialysis patients

    Sabry Alaa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The prevalence of sleep disorders is higher in patients with kidney failure than the general population. We studied the prevalence of sleep disorders in 88 (mean age; 41.59 ± 16.3 years chronic hemodialysis (HD patients at the Urology and Nephrology Center, Mansoura Uni-versity, Egypt over 4-month period. The investigated sleep disorders included insomnia, restless leg syndrome (RLS, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS, excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS, narcolepsy and sleep walking, and we used a questionnaire in accordance with those of the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group, the Berlin questionnaire, Italian version of Epworth Sleepiness Scale, International Classification of Sleep Disorders, and the specific ques-tions of Hatoum′s sleep questionnaire. The prevalence of sleep disorders was 79.5% in our pa-tients, and the most common sleep abnormality was insomnia (65.9%, followed by RLS (42%, OSAS (31.8%, snoring (27.3%, EDS (27.3%, narcolepsy (15.9%, and sleep walking (3.4%. Insomnia correlated with anemia (r=0.31, P= 0.003, anxiety (r=0.279, P= 0.042, depression (r=0.298, P= 0.24 and RLS (r=0.327, P= 0.002. Also, RLS correlated with hypoalbuminemia (r=0.41, P= < 0.0001, anemia (r=0.301 and P= 0.046, hyperphosphatemia (r=0.343 and P= 0.001. EDS correlated with OSAS (r=0.5, P= < 0.0001, snoring (r=0.341, P= 0.001, and social worry (r=0.27, P= 0.011. Sleep disorders are quite common in the HD patients, especially those who are anemic and hypoalbuminemic. Assessment of sleep quality, preferably with polysomno-graphy, is necessary to confirm our results. Interventional studies for management of sleep disor-ders in HD patients are warranted.

  1. Carotid-brachial bypass and simultaneous radiocephalic fistula for a patient on hemodialysis.

    Yankovic, Willy; Mallios, Alexandros; Rafati, Fatemeh; Costanzo, Alessandro; Boura, Benoit; Combes, Myriam

    2012-10-01

    Patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis often suffer from obliterative arterial disease, which may lead to hand ischemia and/or access failure. We present the case of a 54-year-old female patient with multiple failures in obtaining vascular access. Computed tomography angiogram revealed a long occlusion of the axillary artery. Vein mapping through duplex scanning demonstrated a suitable cephalic vein in the left forearm. A left carotid-brachial bypass was performed with simultaneous radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula formation. Immediate results were excellent, and the postoperative course was uneventful. To our knowledge, this is the first report of such a combined approach. PMID:22944576

  2. Tunable fiber laser based photoacoustic spectrometer for breath ammonia analysis during hemodialysis

    Wang, J. W.; Xie, H.; Liang, L. R.; Zhang, W.; Peng, W.; Yu, Q. X.

    2011-11-01

    A photoacoustic (PA) spectrometer based on a near-IR tunable fiber laser is developed and used for breath ammonia analysis. We successfully measured the breath ammonia level variation of six patients with end-stage renal disease while they were undergoing hemodialysis in the hospital. The measurement results showed that the initial concentration level of the breath ammonia were from 1600 to 2200 ppb before dialysis treatment, the levels decreased to 200-600 ppb in the end stage of dialysis, which close to the levels of healthy persons. Further improvement and applications of this PA spectrometer are discussed.

  3. Endovascular treatment of hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas

    Heerwagen, Søren T; Hansen, Marc A; Schroeder, Torben V; Ladefoged, Søren D; Lönn, Lars

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate if the immediate hemodynamic outcome of an endovascular intervention on a dysfunctional hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula is a prognostic factor for primary patency. Methods: This was a prospective observational study including 61 consecutive...

  4. Mandibular mass in a child on hemodialysis

    YOUSSEF, DOAA M.; Faten F Mohammed; Tamer Adham

    2016-01-01

    We here with report a 13-year-old female patient on regular hemodialysis for the past five years who presented with a large mandibular mass. This was detected to be a brown tumor due to severe renal osteodystrophy as a complication of secondary hyperparathyroidism. The tumor did not regress even with intensive treatment with intravenous active vitamin D and needed surgical removal.

  5. Prediction of malnutrition using modified subjective global assessment-dialysis malnutrition score in patients on hemodialysis

    Vasantha Janardhan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Malnutrition is widely prevalent among patients on hemodialysis. Malnutrition can be estimated using a fully quantitative scoring system Subjective Global Assessment-Dialysis Malnutrition Score which is simple, reliable and dynamic. The primary objective of the study was to assess the severity of malnutrition in patients with end stage renal disease and undergoing hemodialysis in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Chennai, using Subjective Global Asses sment-Dialysis Malnutrition Score and correlate it with standard indicators of malnutrition like anthropometric and biochemical parameters of the study population by Pearson?s correlation. Anthropometric assessment included height, body weight, triceps skin fold thickness, mid arm circumference, mid arm muscle circumference % and biochemical parameters included serum albumin, transferrin, ferritin, total protein, total cholesterol, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine. Based on the scores, of the 66 patients, 91% were moderately malnourished. There was a significant negative correlation between modified Subjective Global Assessment-Dialysis Malnutrition Score and anthropometric measures such as triceps skin fold thickness, mid arm circumference, mid arm muscle circumference; biochemical markers such as albumin, transferrin and ferritin. The data obtained from this study confirm that a high degree of malnutrition was prevalent in patients on hemodialysis, as shown by anthropometric assessment, biochemical markers of malnutrition and Subjective Global Assessment-Dialysis Malnutrition Score. Nutritional status as determined by Subjective Global Assessment-Dialysis Malnutrition Score is a useful and reliable index for identifying patients at risk for malnutrition and it correlates well with anthropometric and biochemical assessment. may be integrated in regular assessment of malnutrition in patients on maintenance hemodialysis.

  6. Erectile Dysfunction in Males on Hemodialysis

    Objective: The determine the frequency of erectile dysfunction in males on hemodialysis. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and duration: Hemodialysis unit, Combined Military Hospital Kharian from October 2011 to April 2012. Patients and Methods: A total of 150 married male patients of end stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis were included in the study. Patients with cognitive and/or communication deficits and on hemodialysis for less than 06 months were excluded from the study. Erectile dysfunction (ED) was assessed using International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5). Frequency of erectile dysfunction (ED) was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17. Results: Mean age of the patients were 52.89 = 8.25 years. Mean duration of hemodialysis was 34 +- 9.62 months. The underlying etiology of end stage renal disease were diabetic nephropathy 69(46%), hypertensive nephropathy 51(34%), obstructive nephropathy 18(12%), glomerulonephritis 9(6%), autosomal polycystic kidney disease 3(2%). Mean IIEF-5 score was 13.29 +- 6.38. The frequency of erectile dysfunction was 74%. The majority of the patients, 73(48.7%) had moderate erectile dysfunction, while 24 (16%) had severe and 14 (9.3%) had mild erectile dysfunction. Out of total 150 patients enrolled, 39 (26%) patients had no erectile dysfunction. Conclusion: ED is a highly prevalent problem in men with ESRD. Physicians are urged to recognize the high prevalence of erection problems in men with ESRD and proactively question all patients regarding their sexual function. This will not only improve the recognition of this condition among these patients but also improve the quality of life after adequate treatment. (author)

  7. Duration and Adverse Events of Non-cuffed Catheter in Patients With Hemodialysis

    2014-10-09

    Renal Failure Chronic Requiring Hemodialysis; Central Venous Catheterization; Inadequate Hemodialysis Blood Flow; Venous Stenosis; Venous Thrombosis; Infection Due to Central Venous Catheter; Central Venous Catheter Thrombosis

  8. Potential impact of renin-angiotensin system inhibitors and calcium channel blockers on plasma high-molecular-weight adiponectin levels in hemodialysis patients

    Although metabolic syndrome confers an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the general population, little is known about the alteration of abdominal adiposity and its association with adipocytokines in hemodialysis patients. We investigated the plasma high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin level and its relationship to visceral fat area (VFA) and various markers of atherosclerosis in hemodialysis patients. In a cross-sectional study, conventional cardiovascular risk factors, plasma total and HMW adiponectin, the number of components of the metabolic syndrome and, using computed tomography, the distribution of abdominal adiposity were assessed in 144 hemodialysis patients (90 men and 54 women; mean age, 60.7 years) and 30 age- and sex-matched patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Plasma HMW adiponectin levels in hemodialysis patients were significantly higher than those in patients with CKD, negatively associated with VFA and serum triglycerides and positively associated with plasma total adiponectin, as well as the HMW-to-total adiponectin ratio in men and women (all P<0.05) in a simple regression analysis. In a multiple regression analysis, VFA was a significant determinant of HMW adiponectin in hemodialysis patients. Furthermore, after adjustment for classical risk factors, HMW adiponectin levels were significantly higher in patients undergoing treatment with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors or calcium channel blockers compared with patients not undergoing such treatment. This study shows that plasma HMW adiponectin levels were negatively associated with VFA and positively associated with treatment with blockade of the renin-angiotensin system and of the calcium channel. Therefore, these drugs might be effective for improving adipocytokine-related metabolic abnormalities in hemodialysis patients. (author)

  9. Thyroid hormone concentrations in dialysate during hemodialysis in children

    Thyroxine (T4) concentration in dialysate in the course of hemodialysis was determined in 15 children. Concentrations were measured by a modified radioimmunoassay. During hemodialysis there was a slight increase in T4 concentration. At the end of hemodialysis T4 concentration was about 50% higher than soon after the onset of hemodialysis. The loss of T4 into dialysate during hemodialysis was 19.2 μg; the loss of T3 was less than 75 ng. The amount of the daily loss of thyroid hormones into dialysate was found to be in the range of normal urinary excretion. The lowering of serum thyroid hormone concentrations in children on hemodialysis cannot be explained by the loss of these hormones into dialysate. (orig.)

  10. Cardiac Biomarkers and Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Asymptomatic Hemodialysis Patients

    Reneta Yovcheva Koycheva

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Cardiac biomarkers are often elevated in dialysis patients showing the presence of left ventricular dysfunction. The aim of the study is to establish the plasma levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs TnT, precursor of B-natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs CRP and their relation to the presence of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH in patients undergoing hemodialysis without signs of acute coronary syndrome or heart failure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Were studied 48 patients - 26 men and 22 women. Pre and postdialysis levels of hs cTnT, NT-proBNP and hs CRP were measured at week interim procedure. Patients were divided in two groups according to the presence of echocardiographic evidence of LVH - gr A - 40 patients (with LVH, and gr B - 8 patients (without LVH. RESULTS: In the whole group of patients was found elevated predialysis levels of all three biomarkers with significant increase (p < 0.05 after dialysis with low-flux dialyzers. Predialysis values of NT-proBNP show moderate positive correlation with hs cTnT (r = 0.47 and weaker with hs CRP (r = 0.163. Such dependence is observed in postdialysis values of these biomarkers. There is a strong positive correlation between the pre and postdialysis levels: for hs cTnT (r = 0.966, for NT-proBNP (r = 0.918 and for hs CRP (r = 0.859. It was found a significant difference in the mean values of hs cTnT in gr. A and gr. B (0.07 ± 0.01 versus 0.03 ± 0.01 ng /mL, p < 0.05 and NT-proBNP (15,605.8 ± 2,072.5 versus 2,745.5 ± 533.55 pg /mL, p < 0.05. Not find a significant difference in hs CRP in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate the relationship of the studied cardiac biomarkers with LVH in asymptomatic patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment.

  11. Effect of Regular Exercise Program on Depression in Hemodialysis Patients

    Rezaei, Jahangir; Abdi, Alireza; Rezaei, Mansour; Heydarnezhadian, Jafar; Jalali, Rostam

    2015-01-01

    Background and Aim. Depression is the most common psychological disorder in hemodialysis patients which decreases their quality of life and increases the mortality. This study was conducted to assess the effect of regular exercise on depression in hemodialysis patients. Methods. In a randomized clinical trial, 51 hemodialysis patients were allocated in two groups. Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) scale was used to assessing depression rate in participants. Designed program was educated using p...

  12. Cardiovascular determinants of prognosis in normotensive hemodialysis patients

    Yu Wen-Chung; Lin Yao-Ping; Chuang Shao-Yuan; Lin I-Feng; Chenb Chen-Huan

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Normotension has been hold to be the goal of hemodialysis. It remains obscure which cardiovascular parameter determines the prognosis in these normotensive hemodialysis patients. Methods We prospectively enrolled 145 hemodialysis patients, who had attained normotension without anti-hypertensive medications, and followed them for 72.6 ± 28.5 months. Important cardiovascular parameters were obtained at enrollment. Predictors for all-cause and cardiovascular mortalities were ...

  13. Lifestyle of Hemodialysis Patients in Comparison with Outpatients

    Moghadasian, Sima; Sahebi Hagh, Mohammad Hasan; Aghaallah Hokmabadi, Leila

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: Nowadays, the chronic diseases are known to be associated with lifestyle risk factors. Hemodialysis patients encounter considerable amount of physical, mental and social pressure. Lifestyle is important because it affects quality of life and has important role in prevention. This study aimed to compare the lifestyle of hemodialysis patients and outpatients in health clinics of Tabriz. Methods: This was a case-control study on 155 hemodialysis patients and 155 o...

  14. Sleep Quality and Spiritual Well-Being in Hemodialysis Patients

    Eslami, Ahmad Ali; Rabiei, Leili; Khayri, Freidoon; Rashidi Nooshabadi, Mohammad Reza; MASOUDI, REZA

    2014-01-01

    Background: Sleep disorders are considered as one of the most important problems in hemodialysis patients, making their everyday life a serious hazard. Sleep quality of hemodialysis patients and consequences of sleep disorders on other aspects of health such as spiritual well-being are important issues. Objectives: This study examined the relationship between spiritual well-being and quality of sleep in hemodialysis patients in Isfahan, Iran. Patients and Methods: This study was a correlation...

  15. Effect of acupressure on fatigue in patients on hemodialysis

    Sabouhi, Fakhri; Kalani, Leila; Valiani, Mahboubeh; Mortazavi, Mojgan; Bemanian, Mahboobeh

    2013-01-01

    Background: Fatigue is considered as a major problem in hemodialysis patients and can impair their quality of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of acupressure on fatigue in hemodialysis patients. Materials and Methods: This is a clinical trial study in which 96 hemodialysis patients participated. Patients were randomly assigned into acupressure, placebo, and control groups (32 subjects fulfilling the inclusion criteria assigned to each group). The measures i...

  16. Hemodialysis Key Features Mining and Patients Clustering Technologies

    Tzu-Chuen Lu; Chun-Ya Tseng

    2012-01-01

    The kidneys are very vital organs. Failing kidneys lose their ability to filter out waste products, resulting in kidney disease. To extend or save the lives of patients with impaired kidney function, kidney replacement is typically utilized, such as hemodialysis. This work uses an entropy function to identify key features related to hemodialysis. By identifying these key features, one can determine whether a patient requires hemodialysis. This work uses these key features as dimensions in clu...

  17. Topical Capsaicin Therapy for Uremic Pruritus in Patients on Hemodialysis

    Atieh Makhlough; Shahram Ala; Zohreh Haj-Heydari; Zahra Kashi 1; Alireza Bari

    2010-01-01

    Introduction. Pruritus is one of the common problems in patients on hemodialysis. There are several causes for pruritus, and different treatment modalities are applied to control it. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of capsaicin on pruritus, compared with placebo, in patients on hemodialysis.Materials and Methods. This randomized double-blinded cross-over clinical trial was performed on 34 patients on hemodialysis with uremic pruritus. The patients were divided int...

  18. An investigation of coping styles of hemodialysis patients

    Dehkordi, Leila Mardanian; Shahgholian, Nahid

    2013-01-01

    Background: Hemodialysis patients are exposed to different stressful factors and have to use coping strategies as supportive processes. The goal of the present study is to investigate coping styles of hemodialysis patients. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive analytical study conducted on 96 patients referring to hemodialysis centers affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in 2011. The data, collected by a questionnaire including two sections of demographic characteristi...

  19. Vascular Access Choice in Incident Hemodialysis Patients: A Decision Analysis

    DREW, David A.; Lok, Charmaine E.; Cohen, Joshua T.; Wagner, Martin; Tangri, Navdeep; WEINER, Daniel E.

    2014-01-01

    Hemodialysis vascular access recommendations promote arteriovenous (AV) fistulas first; however, it may not be the best approach for all hemodialysis patients, because likelihood of successful fistula placement, procedure-related and subsequent costs, and patient survival modify the optimal access choice. We performed a decision analysis evaluating AV fistula, AV graft, and central venous catheter (CVC) strategies for patients initiating hemodialysis with a CVC, a scenario occurring in over 7...

  20. Effect of Insulin Infusion on Liver Protein Synthesis during Hemodialysis

    Reinhard, Mark; Frystyk, Jan; Jespersen, Bente; Ivarsen, Per

    2011-01-01

    Background Hemodialysis (HD) is a catabolic procedure that may contribute to the high frequency of protein-energy wasting among patients receiving maintenance HD. The present study investigated the additional effect of glucose and glucose-insulin infusion on liver protein synthesis during HD...... compared with a meal alone. Methods In a randomized cross-over study with three arms, 11 non-diabetic HD patients were assigned to receive a conventional HD session with either: • no treatment (NT) • IV infusion of glucose (G) • IV infusion of glucose-insulin (GI) During infusions blood glucose levels were...... maintained at 8.0-10.0 mmol/L by additional glucose infusion. Glucose and glucose-insulin infusions were commenced 2 h prior to HD and continued throughout the HD session. Fasting blood samples were collected at baseline before infusion and followed by the only meal allowed during the study. Results Blood...

  1. An overlooked complication of hemodialysis: hoarseness.

    Zumrutdal, Aysegul

    2013-10-01

    In hemodialysis patients, some degree of transient hoarseness may occur at the end of the dialysis, and it may be a wearisome, recurrent, and severe state for some hemodialysis patients. However, to date, it has not been a well-defined complication of hemodialysis. The aim of this study was to state this complication and to throw light on it. Four hundred fifty-nine hemodialysis patients were questioned about any change in voice quality during hemodialysis. The patients who had this complaint (n=70) were included in the study, and the group of patients who suffered hoarseness (subgroup 1: severe, subgroup 2: moderate, subgroup 3: mild) were compared with each other and with the control group, which did not suffer hoarseness (n=51). Hoarseness was found in 15.2% of the hemodialysis patients. The duration of their hoarseness was minimum 1 to maximum 24 hours. In the control group, coronary artery disease (P=0.056), congestive heart failure (P=0.049), autonomic neuropathy (P=0.001), severe intradialytic hypotensive attacks (P=0.000), heart valve abnormalities (P=0.000), and left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (P=0.000) were significantly lower than in hoarseness group. Older age (P=0.024), coronary artery disease (P=0.014), autonomic neuropathy (P=0.011), and intradialytic hypotensive attacks (P=0.0001), were associated with severe and moderate hoarseness. In the comparison of % change for systolic and diastolic blood pressure between the hoarseness subgroups, diastolic blood pressure change was not different (P=0.521), but systolic blood pressure change was statistically lower in mild group than moderate (P=0.033) and severe subgroup (P=0.029). Dialysis-induced hypotension may be the main contributor of transient hoarseness. Especially elderly and cardiovascularly compromised patients, who are vulnerable to rapid changes in volume status may experience it to serious extent and this complication may be mediated by autonomic nervous control related with volume depletion. PMID:23461740

  2. Serum Anti-Hbs-Ag in Stable Hemodialysis Patients and its Relationship with Various Demographic and Biochemical Data

    Azar BARADARAN

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: To evaluate the relationship between various biochemical, nutritional and demographic factors with immune response to hepatitis B vaccine in maintenance hemodialysis (HD patients. Material and Methods: A retro-prospective study was carried out on 68 patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis .Patients were vaccinated against hepatitis B virus with an intramuscular hepatitis B vaccination schedule, 40 micrograms at 0, 1, and 6 months. We also selected 32 age matched normal healthy persons who had vaccinated against hepatitis B previously to compare the antibody production with HD patients. Results: The value of serum antibody level against hepatitis B surface antigen ( HBs in hemodialisis patients and healthy persons were 35±55(median=5.5 and 135±71 (median=175 mIU/ml respectively. There was a significant deference between mean serum antibody level against HBs antigen of hemodialysis patients and normal subjects (p<0.001, there were not any significant differences of antibody production against HBs antigen between males and females or diabetic and non diabetics. There were no correlation between serum antibody level against HBs-Ag and serum albumin and also with body mass index. There were not significant correlation between anti-HBs antibody level and age, amounts of hemodialysis, duration of dialysis, dialysis adequacy, serum ferritin level and serum lipids. There were not also significant correlation between anti-HBs antibody level and serum parathormone, calcium, phosphorus, serum hemoglobin and hematocrit level. Conclusion: In this study, there was not significant correlation between serum antibody level against hepatitis B surface antigen and various nutritional and demographic factors of patients under regular hemodialysis.

  3. DNA damage in hemodialysis patients with chronic kidney disease; a test of the role of diabetes mellitus; a comet assay investigation.

    Mamur, Sevcan; Unal, Fatma; Altok, Kadriye; Deger, Serpil Muge; Yuzbasioglu, Deniz

    2016-04-01

    The incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing rapidly. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most important cause of CKD. We studied the possible role of DM in CKD patients with respect to DNA damage, as assessed by the comet assay in 60 CKD patients (with or without DM) undergoing hemodialysis and in 26 controls. Effects of other factors, such as age, sex, hypertension, duration of hemodialysis, body mass index (BMI), and levels of hemoglobin (HB), intact parathormone (iPTH), and ferritin (FER), were also examined. Primary DNA damage measured by the comet assay was significantly higher in CKD patients than in controls. Among CKD patients, the following correlations were observed. (1) There was no difference in comet tail length or tail intensity between diabetic and non-diabetic individuals. (2) Age, sex, hemoglobin, hypertension, duration of hemodialysis, and ferritin levels affected neither tail length nor intensity. (3) BMI values above 25kg/m(2) and iPTH levels above 300pg/ml were associated with significantly greater comet tail length. Our results indicate that primary DNA damage is increased in CKD patients undergoing hemodialysis, compared to controls; however, DM had no additional effect. PMID:27085471

  4. Compromiso ocular en pacientes en hemodialysis / Eye involment in patients undergoin hemodialysis

    Percy, Herrera Aazco; Miriam Giovanna, Daz Snchez; Melisa, Palacios Guilln; Luisa, Nez Talavera; Alfonzo, Lpez Herrera; Jos, Valencia Rodrguez; Manuela, Silveira Chau.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduccin: Los pacientes en dilisis tienen complicaciones crnicas que alteran su calidad de vida, como las oftalmolgicas, producidas por comorbilidades de la ERC, o por efectos propios de la misma. Nuestro estudio pretendi describir los hallazgos oculares en una poblacin en dilisis crnica [...] convencional en los aspectos de fondo de ojo, agudeza visual y presin intraocular. Material y Mtodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal entre los pacientes en hemodilisis crnica en el Servicio de Nefrologa del Hospital Nacional 2 de Mayo de Lima - Per. Resultados: Se estudiaron 31 pacientes cuya edad promedio fue 62.6712.46 aos; el 45.16% fueron varones. El 87.1% tena HTA y el 45.16% Diabetes Mellitus. Los sntomas oculares ms frecuentes fueron: Visin borrosa (67.74%), lagrimeo (38.71%), prurito (25.81%), ardor ocular (16.13%) y astenopia (6.41%). La presin intraocular promedio fue 14.55.28 mm Hg en el ojo derecho, y 14.234.78 mmHg en el ojo izquierdo. En el examen de agudeza visual se encontr ceguera en el 6.07% de los pacientes y baja visin en 39.39% de pacientes. Los hallazgos externos ms frecuentes fueron: Depsitos crneo conjuntivales (41.94%), alteracin en la pelcula lagrimal (35.48%) e hiperpigmentacin (35.48%).La alteracin de refraccin ms frecuente fue hipermetropa y astigmatismo (80.77%). Las enfermedades oftalmolgicas con diagnstico definido ms frecuentes fueron: Retinopata diabtica no proliferativa (37.93%) y degeneracin macular relacionada con la edad (24.14%). En el anlisis bivariado, entre los sntomas y el diagnstico oftalmolgico final, se encontr que los pacientes con visin borrosa presentaban menos retinopata hipertensiva (p=0.002); y la ausencia de lagrimeo se asoci con menos retinopata hipertensiva (p=0.03). Conclusin: Los hallazgos oftalmolgicos anormales son frecuentes en nuestra poblacin en dilisis crnica, siendo pocos los pacientes con agudeza visual normal. La evaluacin ocular debera ser rutinaria en esta poblacin. Abstract in english Introduction: Dialysis patients have chronic complications that impair their quality of life, such as eye involvement caused by chronic kidney disease (CKD) comorbidities, or because of specific CKD effects. This paper aims to describe funduscopy, visual acuity and intraocular pressure findings in a [...] population undergoing chronic conventional dialysis. Material and Methods: This is a descriptive and observational crosssectional study performed in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis in the Nephrology Service of 2 de Mayo National Hospital in Lima - Peru. Results: Thirty-one patients were studied, their average age was 62.67 12.46 years, 45.16% were male, 87.1% had hypertension, and 45.16% had diabetes mellitus 45.16%. The most common ocular symptoms were blurred vision (67.74%), tearing (38.71%), pruritus (25.81%), burning sensation in the eyes (16.13%) and asthenopia (6.41%). The average intraocular pressure was 14.5 5.28 mm Hg in the right eye and 14.23 4.78 mm Hg in the left eye. When visual acuity was examined, we found that 6.07% of patients were blind, and poor vision was found in 39.39% of patients. Most frequent external findings were corneal and conjunctival infiltrates (41.94%), tear film alterations (35.48%), and hyperpigmentation (35.48%). Most frequent refraction defects found were hyperopia and astigmatism (80.77%). Most common well-defined ophthalmological conditions were non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (37.93%) and age-related macular degeneration (24.14%). A bivariate analysis performed relating symptoms and final ophthalmologic diagnoses, we found that patients with blurred vision developed hypertensive retinopathy less frequently (p = 0.002) and the absence of tearing was also associated with fewer cases of hypertensive retinopathy (p = 0.03). Conclusions: Abnormal ophthalmological findings are frequently found in persons undergoing hemodialysis, and only few patients have normal

  5. Portable calibration instrument of hemodialysis unit

    Jin, Liang-bing; Li, Dong-sheng; Chen, Ai-jun

    2013-01-01

    For the purpose of meeting the rapid development of blood purification in China, improve the level of blood purification treatment, and get rid of the plight of the foreign technology monopolization to promise patients' medical safety, a parameter-calibrator for the hemodialysis unit, which can detect simultaneously multi-parameter, is designed. The instrument includes a loop, which connects to the hemodialysis unit. Sensors are in the loop in series, so that the dialysis can flow through this loop and the sensors can acquisitive data of various parameters. In order to facilitate detection and carrying, the integrated circuit part modularly based on the ultralow-power microcontrollers,TI MSP430 is designed. High-performance and small-packaged components are used to establish a modular, high-precision, multi-functional, portable system. The functions and the key technical indexes of the instrument have reached the level of products abroad.

  6. Diagnostic accuracy of the defining characteristics of the excessive fluid volume diagnosis in hemodialysis patients

    Maria Isabel da Conceição Dias Fernandes

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: to evaluate the accuracy of the defining characteristics of the excess fluid volume nursing diagnosis of NANDA International, in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Method: this was a study of diagnostic accuracy, with a cross-sectional design, performed in two stages. The first, involving 100 patients from a dialysis clinic and a university hospital in northeastern Brazil, investigated the presence and absence of the defining characteristics of excess fluid volume. In the second step, these characteristics were evaluated by diagnostic nurses, who judged the presence or absence of the diagnosis. To analyze the measures of accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values were calculated. Approval was given by the Research Ethics Committee under authorization No. 148.428. Results: the most sensitive indicator was edema and most specific were pulmonary congestion, adventitious breath sounds and restlessness. Conclusion: the more accurate defining characteristics, considered valid for the diagnostic inference of excess fluid volume in patients undergoing hemodialysis were edema, pulmonary congestion, adventitious breath sounds and restlessness. Thus, in the presence of these, the nurse may safely assume the presence of the diagnosis studied.

  7. Tinzaparin is safe and effective in the management of hemodialysis catheter thrombosis.

    Quinlan, Catherine

    2012-08-27

    Children on hemodialysis are at increased risk of thrombosis, especially when dialyzed via a central venous catheter (CVC); there are limited published data regarding the safety and efficacy of tinzaparin in this group. We conducted a retrospective chart review of all children in the National Pediatric Hemodialysis Centre for Ireland diagnosed with a CVC thrombus and treated with subcutaneous tinzaparin over a 10 year period. Seven children were treated with subcutaneous tinzaparin for 10 CVC thrombi. Tinzaparin was commenced at 175 IU\\/kg\\/day and the dose was titrated by measuring anti-factor Xa levels, aiming for levels of 0.3-1.0 IU\\/ml. Treatment was continued until resolution of the CVC thrombus. Restoration of normal flows during dialysis occurred within 3 days in all patients. There were no episodes of bleeding and all children tolerated the treatment well.

  8. Laparoendoscopic Single-Site (LESS) Retroperitoneal Radical Nephrectomy in a Patient with Renal Cell Carcinoma Receiving Hemodialysis.

    Nomura, Takeo; Sato, Fuminori; Takahashi, Mika; Sumino, Yasuhiro; Mimata, Hiromitsu

    2011-01-01

    We present here the patient undergoing laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) retroperitoneal radical nephrectomy while receiving hemodialysis. An 81-year-old man under hemodialysis for 6 years was incidentally discovered to have two left renal masses with acquired cystic disease of the kidney (ACDK). A 4-cm flank incision for GelPort was made. Three trocars were inserted into the retroperitoneum through GelPort. After division of the renal vessels and ureter, the kidney was placed into the extraction bag and was retrieved through flank incision without any extra skin incision. There were no intraoperative and postoperative complications. This procedure offers an effective, minimally invasive therapeutic alternative to the standard laparoscopic technique in high-risk end-stage renal disease patients. PMID:21687538

  9. Intratympanic steroid injection for sudden sensorineural hearing loss in a patient on hemodialysis.

    Wu, Rui-Xin; Chen, Chun-Chi; Wang, Chih-Hung; Chen, Hsin-Chien

    2014-01-01

    Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is being described with increasing incidence among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis (HD). There are no widely accepted guidelines in the medical literature for the appropriate management of this medical emergency. Administration of systemic steroids remains the mainstay of the management of SSNHL in conjunction with the supportive treatment, in this vulnerable group of patients, as well. However, encouraged by the evolving evidence on the efficacy of the intratympanic steroid injections (ITSI) in the treatment of SSNHL among patients without renal disease--we successfully treated SSNHL in an elderly diabetic with sepsis due to bilateral pneumonitis undergoing regular HD treatment with multiple ITSI and antibiotics resulting in complete recovery of hearing function within 3 months of onset of the first symptoms. PMID:23782854

  10. Malnutrition predicting factors in hemodialysis patients

    Jahromi Soodeh; Hosseini Saeed; Razeghi Effat; Meysamie Ali; Sadrzadeh Haleh

    2010-01-01

    Malnutrition is a predictor of increased mortality in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. Various factors may contribute to malnutrition in these patients including energy and protein intake, inflammation, and comorbidity. To determine the importance of these factors in malnutrition of chronic HD patients, we studied 112 chronic HD patients in two centers was evaluated with the Dialysis Malnutrition Score (DMS) and anthropometric and biochemical indices. Seventy six (67.8%) patients we...

  11. Malnutrition-Inflammation Score in Hemodialysis Patients

    Behrooz Ebrahimzadehkor

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Malnutrition is a prevalent complication in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Malnutrition-inflammation score (MIS, comprehensive nutritional assessment tool, as the reference standard was used to examine protein-energy wasting (PEW and inflammation in hemodialysis patients. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive- analytical study, 48 hemodialysis patients were selected with random sampling. All the patients were interviewed and the MIS of the patients was recorded. This new comprehensive Malnutrition-Inflammation Score (MIS which involves 7 components from the SGA and the 3 additional non-SGA components of body mass index, serum albumin, and total iron-binding capacity (TIBC has 10 components, each with four levels of severity, from 0 (normal to 3 (very severe. These scores were compared with anthropometric measurements; laboratory measures. Data was analyzed with Chi-square and t-tests and Pearson correlation coefficiant. Results: In this study 25% of patients on hemodialysis were normal nourished, 54.3% of patients were mild malnourished, 20.8% were moderately malnourished and no one of them were not sever malnurished. Pearson correlation coefficients between MIS score and age (r=+0.332 was significant. There was no correlation between the malnutrition score and sex Chi-square test showed significant correlation between MIS score and dialysis period ?50 months (?=9.09. Conclusion: In this study, no one of patients has severed malnutrition, and most of them were assigned to the mildly/moderately malnourished rating. On other hand, most of patients are the well-nourished. Correlation between MIS score and age and dialysis period was significant.

  12. "Quality of life in hemodialysis patients "

    Nabaie B; Shahidzadeh A; Dabiran S

    2001-01-01

    To determine quality of life and various factors affecting it , we conducted a cross-sectional survery among 103 hemodialysis patients in four teaching hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.A quality of life questionnaire (QLQ). Containing various items relating to physical, psychological and social aspects of life was filled by interviewing each patient and a total score ranging from 70 to 300 was assigned to denote overall life quality. We also determined the most common underl...

  13. Biofeedback systems and adaptive control hemodialysis treatment

    Azar Ahmad

    2008-01-01

    On-line monitoring devices to control functions such as volume, body temperature, and ultrafiltration, were considered more toys than real tools for routine clinical application. However, bio-feedback blood volume controlled hemodialysis (HD) is now possible in routine dialysis, allowing the delivery of a more physiologically acceptable treatment. This system has proved to reduce the incidence of intra-HD hypotension episodes significantly. Ionic dialysance and the patient′s plasma con...

  14. Computed tomography of kidneys with hemodialysis

    Computed tomography (CT) of the kidneys was carried out in 134 chronic intermittent hemodialysis patients. A high incidence of cysts, calcification and tumor was found. The absorption value (Hounsfield units) of renal parenchyma, excluding visible cysts and calcification on CT, showed a very wide scatter compared to the controls. A low absorption value indicated a cyst too small to define by CT imaging of the excised kidney. Two of three adenocarcinomas were found by CT screening in sympton-free dialysis patients. (author)

  15. On pressure: volume relations in hemodialysis

    Ie, Eric

    2005-01-01

    textabstractChapter 1 is a brief introduction to several aspects of cardiovascular pressure-volume relations in dialysis patients. The aims of the thesis are presented. In Chapter 2, an overview is presented of circulatory physiology in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Volume withdrawal by ultrafiltration during HD may lead to intravascular hypovolemia and intradialytic hypotension. Hemodynamic defense mechanisms are discussed, focusing on left ventricular (LV) function. The concept of load, which...

  16. Ultrasound Evaluation Before and After Hemodialysis Access

    Daryoush Saedi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available   "nThe basic concept of hemodialysis access is to make a route to the central circulation in CRF patients. Vascular access procedures and subsequent complications represent a major cause of morbidity, hospitalization and cost for hemodialysis patients. Native arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs are preferable to synthetic arteriovenous grafts because they are associated with a lower frequency of thrombosis and infection, as well as greater longevity. AVFs that are never usable and early graft failures are associated with the common problem of inadequate vessel (artery or vein selection. The surgeon’s preoperative physical examination is the primary basis for AVF versus graft selection. Only palpable veins are considered for construction of AVFs, and the more proximal draining venous anatomy is not known prior to the operation. Physical examination is the traditional surgical evaluation performed prior to hemodialysis access placement. Palpation and inspection are difficult in obese arms, and few patients have vessels that are visible throughout their entire course. Patients with end-stage renal disease have often had multiple venipunctures and numerous intravenous lines placed and thus have an increased likelihood of venous stenosis or occlusion. Central vein problems are difficult to detect at visual inspection. By colour Doppler analysis vessels can be assessed for size, stenosis, and occlusion. US mapping assists in surgical planning and is especially valuable in patients who are difficult surgical cases (eg, obesity, diabetes, history of prior access, elderly women.  "nThis lecture contains two separate sections: 1-Vascular mapping prior to access placement and 2-Fistula maturity by US evaluation. Ultrasonography (US is an excellent modality for hemodialysis access evaluation because it is  readily available, non-invasive and inexpensive. It avoids the risks associated with iodinated contrast material and ionizing radiation.   

  17. Relationship between platelet count and hemodialysis membranes

    Nasr R

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Rabih Nasr,1 Chadi Saifan,1 Iskandar Barakat,2 Yorg Al Azzi,2 Ali Naboush,2 Marc Saad,2 Suzanne El Sayegh1 1Department of Nephrology, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA; 2Department of Medicine, Staten Island University Hospital, Staten Island, NY, USA Background: One factor associated with poor outcomes in hemodialysis patients is exposure to a foreign membrane. Older membranes are very bioincompatible and increase complement activation, cause leukocytosis by activating circulating factors, which sequesters leukocytes in the lungs, and activates platelets. Recently, newer membranes have been developed that were designed to be more biocompatible. We tested if the different optiflux hemodialysis membranes had different effects on platelet levels. Methods: Ninety-nine maintenance hemodialysis patients with no known systemic or hematologic diseases affecting their platelets had blood drawn immediately prior to, 90 minutes into, and immediately following their first hemodialysis session of the week. All patients were dialyzed using a Fresenius Medical Care Optiflux polysulfone membrane F160, F180, or F200 (polysulfone synthetic dialyzer membranes, 1.6 m2, 1.8 m2, and 2.0 m2 surface area, respectively, electron beam sterilized. Platelet counts were measured from each sample by analysis using a CBC analyzer. Results: The average age of the patients was 62.7 years; 36 were female and 63 were male. The mean platelet count pre, mid, and post dialysis was 193 (standard deviation 74.86, 191 (standard deviation 74.67, and 197 (standard deviation 79.34 thousand/mm3, respectively, with no statistical differences. Conclusion: Newer membranes have no significant effect on platelet count. This suggests that they are, in fact, more biocompatible than their predecessors and may explain their association with increased survival. Keywords: platelet count, polysulfone membranes, complement activation, electron beam sterilized, cellulosic membranes, bioincompatible events

  18. Evaluation of Ulnar neuropathy on hemodialysis patients

    Vahdatpour, Babak; Maghroori, Razieh; Mortazavi, Mojgan; Khosrawi, Saeid

    2012-01-01

    Background: Ulnar nerve entrapment at the elbow is the second most common upper extremity nerve involvement after median nerve involvement at the wrist or carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) considering the frequency of occurrence in the upper limb with variable causes. Hemodialysis, because of elbow positioning during dialysis, upper extremity vascular-access, and underlying disease is one cause of ulnar entrapment. This study considers evaluating the effect of elbow positioning on ulnar involvemen...

  19. Vascular access for hemodialysis: current perspectives

    Santoro D; Benedetto F; Mondello P; Pipit N; Barill D; Spinelli F; Ricciardi CA; Cernaro V; Buemi M

    2014-01-01

    Domenico Santoro,1 Filippo Benedetto,2 Placido Mondello,3 Narayana Pipit,2 David Barill,2 Francesco Spinelli,2 Carlo Alberto Ricciardi,1 Valeria Cernaro,1 Michele Buemi11Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Unit of Nephrology, 2Unit of Vascular Surgery, 3Unit of Infectious Disease, University of Messina, ItalyAbstract: A well-functioning vascular access (VA) is a mainstay to perform an efficient hemodialysis (HD) procedure. There are three main types of access: na...

  20. Hemodialysis through persistent left superior vena cava

    Kute, V. B.; A V Vanikar; M. R. Gumber; Shah, P R; Goplani, K. R.; Trivedi, H. L.

    2011-01-01

    We report a case of end stage renal disease patient who displayed a persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) after placement of hemodialysis (HD) catheter through left internal jugular vein, as revealed by routine post-procedure X-ray chest. The diagnosis of PLSVC was confirmed by arterial blood gas, two-dimensional echocardiography, computed tomography thorax and angiographic examination. This anomaly is rather rare; few studies on safety of PLSVC for HD have been reported. The catheter wa...

  1. The economic burden of hemodialysis in Jordan

    Emad Adel Al-Shdaifat; Mohd Rizal Abdul Manaf

    2013-01-01

    Background: Hemodialysis treatment is a costly procedure that requires specific resources. It has a considerable burden on patients, caregivers, and healthcare system. The aim of this study was to estimate the economic burden borne by the Ministry of Health (MOH) in Jordan, with a focus on direct medical, direct non-medical, and indirect cost. Materials and Methods:The study was conducted at MOH hospitals in Jordan, from August to November 2010. A total of 138 patients and 49 caregivers were ...

  2. Prevention and treatment of hemodialysis access thrombosis

    Smits, Johannes Henricus Maria

    2001-01-01

    Thrombosis of the vascular access is the main problem in hemodialysis therapy for end-stage renal disease. In most cases, thrombosis is associated with the presence of one or more stenoses in the access. These stenoses are due to progressive neointimal hyperplasia. In this thesis, methods are described to timely identify patients at risk of thrombosis, to treat the stenoses timely with an angioplasty procedure, to depict the stenotic lesions with a new imaging modality, and to treat the throm...

  3. Mandibular mass in a child on hemodialysis.

    Youssef, Doaa M; Mohammed, Faten F; Adham, Tamer

    2016-01-01

    We here with report a 13-year-old female patient on regular hemodialysis for the past five years who presented with a large mandibular mass. This was detected to be a brown tumor due to severe renal osteodystrophy as a complication of secondary hyperparathyroidism. The tumor did not regress even with intensive treatment with intravenous active vitamin D and needed surgical removal. PMID:26787582

  4. Potential environmental toxicity from hemodialysis effluent.

    Machado, Carla Keite; Pinto, Luciano Henrique; Del Ciampo, Lineu Fernando; Lorenzi, Luciano; Correia, Cludia Hack Gumz; Hder, Donat Peter; Erzinger, Gilmar Sidnei

    2014-04-01

    Understanding the toxicity of certain potentially toxic compounds on various aquatic organisms allows to assess the impact that these pollutants on the aquatic biota. One source of pollution is the wastewater from hemodialysis. The process of sewage treatment is inefficient in inhibition and removal of pathogenic bacteria resistant to antibiotics in this wastewater. In many countries, such as Brazil, during emergencies, sewage and effluents from hospitals are often dumped directly into waterways without any previous treatment. The objective of this study was to characterize the effluents generated by hemodialysis and to assess the degree of acute and chronic environmental toxicity. The effluents of hemodialysis showed high concentrations of nitrites, phosphates, sulfates, ammonia, and total nitrogen, as well as elevated conductivity, turbidity, salinity, biochemical and chemical oxygen demand, exceeding the thresholds defined in the CONAMA Resolution 430. The samples showed acute toxicity to the green flagellate Euglena gracilis affecting different physiological parameters used as endpoints in an automatic bioassay such as motility, precision of gravitational orientation (r-value), compactness, upward movement, and alignment, with mean EC50 values of recalculate as 76.90 percent (4.68 percent) of the undiluted effluents. In tests with Daphnia magna, the acute toxicity EC50 was 86.91 percent (0.39 percent) and a NOEC value of 72.97 percent and a LEOC value 94.66 percent. PMID:24580820

  5. Arrhythmias and hemodialysis: role of potassium and new diagnostic tools.

    Buemi, Michele; Coppolino, Giuseppe; Bolignano, Davide; Sturiale, Alessio; Campo, Susanna; Buemi, Antoine; Crasc, Eleonora; Romeo, Adolfo

    2009-01-01

    Cardiovascular diseases represent the main causes of death in patients affected by renal failure, and arrhythmias are frequently observed in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Dialytic treatment per se can be considered as an arrhythmogenic stimulus; moreover, uraemic patients are characterized by a "pro-arrhythmic substrate" because of the high prevalence of ischaemic heart disease, left ventricular hypertrophy and autonomic neuropathy. One of the most important pathogenetic element involved in the onset of intra-dialytic arrhythmias is the alteration in electrolytes concentration, particularly calcium and potassium. It may be very useful to monitor the patient's cardiac activity during the whole hemodilaytic session. Nevertheless, the application of an extended intradialytic electrocardiographic monitoring is not simple because of several technical and structural impairments. We tried to overcome these difficulties using Whealthy, a wearable system consisting in a t-shirt composed of conductors and piezoresistive materials, integrated to form fibers and threads connected to tissutal sensors, electrodes, and connectors. ECG and pneumographic impedance signals are acquired by the electrodes in the tissue, and the data are registered by a small computer and transmitted via GPRS or Bluetooth. PMID:19142814

  6. Growing bone cysts in long-term hemodialysis

    All patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis for more than 10 years in the university hospitals of Leuven were selected for this study. The medical records and radiographs of these 21 patients were studied retrospectively. Skeletal surveys were examined for the presence and location of subchondral cysts. The predialysis films and the films taken after 5, 10, 15 and 20 years of dialysis were reviewed. Subchondral cysts that grew in size and number were found in the wrist, humeral head, hip, and patella. Accurate measurements were made of cysts in the wrist and compared with a control group. In the dialysis group, cystic involvement of the wrist was more common and the size and number of the cysts were larger. Soft tissue swelling was seen in the dialysis group but not in controls. Soft tissue swelling was assessed on shoulder radiographs by measuring the acromiohumeral distance (ACD) and in the knees by ultrasonic measurement of synovial thickness. In 11 patients synovial or bone biopsies or aspirated synovial fluid were available. All these patients had swollen joints and multiple subchondral periarticular cysts. Amyloid deposition was found in ten of these patients, and this proved to be composed of B2 microglobulins in seven. (orig.)

  7. Innovative strategy with potential to increase hemodialysis efficiency and safety

    Chen, Hsiao-Chien; Lin, Hsiu-Chen; Chen, Hsi-Hsien; Mai, Fu-Der; Liu, Yu-Chuan; Lin, Chun-Mao; Chang, Chun-Chao; Tsai, Hui-Yen; Yang, Chih-Ping

    2014-03-01

    Uremic toxins are mainly represented by blood urine nitrogen (BUN) and creatinine (Crea) whose removal is critically important in hemodialysis (HD) for kidney disease. Patients undergoing HD have a complex illness, resulting from: inadequate removal of organic waste, dialysis-induced oxidative stress and membrane-induced inflammation. Here we report innovative breakthroughs for efficient and safe HD by using a plasmon-induced dialysate comprising Au nanoparticles (NPs)-treated (AuNT) water that is distinguishable from conventional deionized (DI) water. The diffusion coefficient of K3Fe(CN)6 in saline solution can be significantly increased from 2.76, to 4.62 × 10-6 cm s-1, by using AuNT water prepared under illumination by green light-emitting diodes (LED). In vitro HD experiments suggest that the treatment times for the removals of 70% BUN and Crea are reduced by 47 and 59%, respectively, using AuNT water instead of DI water in dialysate, while additionally suppressing NO release from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory cells.

  8. Pruritus in hemodialysis patients: Results from Fresenius dyalisis center, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Zoran Vrucinic

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Uremic pruritus (UP is a common and distressing complication of end-stage renal disease (ESRD. Aglobal cross-sectional study of 18,000 hemodialysis patientsreported a 42% prevalence of moderate or extreme UP, which was strongly associated with sleep disturbance, depression, impaired quality of life, and mortality. Pruritus is commonly encountered in individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD on hemodialysis (HD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in order to find out the prevalence of pruritus in patients on regular maintenance hemodialysis (HD as well as to analyze its relationship to age, sex of the patient, duration of hemodialysis in months per patient, serum levels of phosphate, PTH, KT/V (index of dialysis dose, parameters in the beggining of the study and six months after. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics- Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test and Chi-square test with Yates correction factor. Results: Sixty and two patients with ESRD (age ranging from 31 to 87years free from systemic, skin or psychiatric disorders and other secondary causes attributable to pruritis, undergoing maintenance HD (duration on HD 4-348months; mean 86.97 and median 79,5months at Fresenius dialysis center, Banja Luka, Bosnia and Herzegovina were evaluated for pruritus. Pruritus has been discovered in 21 out of 34males (54,8% and 6 out of 28females (22,2%. Our study as many others showed that pruritus is very common (45.2% in HD patients. Applying c2 test with Yates correction factor is highly statistically significant (c2 = 8.003, p = 0.005 by gender. Research of the gender revealed that pruritus appeared more in men analysis. There were no significant differences between other measured markers: to age, duration of hemodialysis in months per patient, serum levels of phosphate, PTH, KT/V (index of dialysis dose in patients with pruritus and in patients without pruritus. Conclusions:This first cross-sectional study describes key features UP in Republic of Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina and results that the UP is significantly more common in men. This study demonstrates that the serum level of PTH and phosphate isnt associated with the incidence of pruritus in HD patients.

  9. Endogenous Bradykinin Contributes to Increased Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 Antigen following Hemodialysis

    Marney, Annis M.; Ma, Ji; Luther, James M.; Ikizler, T. Alp; Brown, Nancy J.

    2009-01-01

    Oxidative stress and inflammation predict cardiovascular events in chronic hemodialysis patients. Hemodialysis activates the kallikrein-kinin system, increasing bradykinin. Bradykinin promotes inflammation but also stimulates endothelial release of tissue-plasminogen activator and inhibits platelet aggregation. Understanding the detrimental and beneficial effects of endogenous bradykinin during hemodialysis has implications for the treatment of cardiovascular disease in the hemodialysis popul...

  10. Vitamin D deficiency in hemodialysis patients

    Beena Bansal

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Vitamin D [(25(OHD] deficiency and insufficiency is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD. 25(OHD has been found to have beneficial effects on bone, cardiovascular and immune functions. There are little data about vitamin D levels in Indian patients on dialysis. This study was undertaken to determine the vitamin D status of Indian CKD patients on hemodialysis. Materials and Methods : We included 45 patients on maintenance hemodialysis coming to Medanta, Medicity, Gurgaon. 25(OHD levels were measured with radioimmunoassay (Diasorin method and parathyroid hormone (PTH was measured using electrochemiluminiscence immunoassay (ECLIA. Results : The mean age of patients was 55 13 years. 32/45 (71% were males. 23/45 (51% were diabetics. The median duration of hemodialysis was 5.5 months (range 1-74 months. 33/45 (74% patients were on thrice weekly hemodialysis. The mean level of vitamin D was 10.14 8.7 ng/ml. Majority of the patients [43/45 (95.5%] were either vitamin D deficient or had insufficient levels. 40/45 (88.9% were vitamin D deficient (levels <20 ng/ml; of these, 29/40 (64.4% had severe vitamin D deficiency (levels <10 ng/ml and 3/45 (6.7% had insufficient levels (20-30 ng/ml of vitamin D. Only 2/45 (4.4% patients had normal levels of vitamin D. 23/45 (51% of patients were receiving calcitriol. The mean levels of serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, and albumin were 8.8 0.64 mg/dl, 5.0 0.7 mg/dl, 126 10.3 IU/l and 3.6 0.62 g/dl, respectively. PTH levels ranged from 37 to 1066 pg/ml, and the median was 195.8 pg/ml. There was a weak correlation between 25(OHD levels and weight, sex, hemoglobin, albumin, alkaline phosphatase, and presence of diabetes. There was, however, no correlation with duration of dialysis or PTH levels. Conclusion : Vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are universal in our hemodialysis patients, with severe vitamin D deficiency in two-third of patients.

  11. Safety of gadolinium contrast agent in hemodialysis patients

    Purpose: We evaluated the safety of a gadolinium (Gd) contrast agent in hemodialysis patients. Material and Methods: Seventy hemodialysis patients underwent contrast-enhanced MR examination. After the examination, the patients were hemodialyzed on a usual schedule, i.e., 3 times per week at 4 h each session. The hemodialysis was performed on the same day in 16 patients, the next day in 34, 2 days later in 14 and 3 days later in 6 patients. Serum Gd concentrations before and after the first to fourth hemodialysis sessions were analyzed in 11 patients. Cardiovascular, cutaneous, respiratory, psycho-neurological and digestive side effects were evaluated in all patients. Changes in liver and kidney functions, blood counts, and electrolytes were also checked. Results and Conclusion: Neither side effects nor blood changes were noted in any of the patients. Average excretory rates were 78.2%, 95.6%, 98.7% and 99.5% in the first to fourth hemodialysis sessions, respectively. These results suggest that Gd contrast agents can be used in hemodialysis patients if hemodialysis is carried out promptly after the examination. Key words: Renal failure, hemodialysis; contrast agent, gadolinium

  12. Survival after Diphenhydramine Ingestion with Hemodialysis in a Toddler

    McKeown, Nathanael J.; West, Patrick L.; Robert G. Hendrickson; Horowitz, B Zane

    2010-01-01

    A 13-month-old male who ingested 20 diphenhydramine (25 mg) tablets presented with seizures and ultimately progressed to status epilepticus and wide-complex tachycardia. Due to worsening clinical course, hemodialysis was performed with temporal resolution of his symptoms. Hemodialysis may be considered in critically ill diphenhydramine overdoses not responsive to conventional supportive care.

  13. Safety of gadolinium contrast agent in hemodialysis patients

    Okada, S. [Nippon Medical School, Chiba-Hokuso Hospital (Japan). Dept. of Radiology; Katagiri, K.; Kumazaki, T. [Nippon Medical School, Tokyo (Japan). Dept. of Radiology; Yokoyama, H. [Ishinkai Clinic, Chiba (Japan). Dept. of Urology

    2001-05-01

    Purpose: We evaluated the safety of a gadolinium (Gd) contrast agent in hemodialysis patients. Material and Methods: Seventy hemodialysis patients underwent contrast-enhanced MR examination. After the examination, the patients were hemodialyzed on a usual schedule, i.e., 3 times per week at 4 h each session. The hemodialysis was performed on the same day in 16 patients, the next day in 34, 2 days later in 14 and 3 days later in 6 patients. Serum Gd concentrations before and after the first to fourth hemodialysis sessions were analyzed in 11 patients. Cardiovascular, cutaneous, respiratory, psycho-neurological and digestive side effects were evaluated in all patients. Changes in liver and kidney functions, blood counts, and electrolytes were also checked. Results and Conclusion: Neither side effects nor blood changes were noted in any of the patients. Average excretory rates were 78.2%, 95.6%, 98.7% and 99.5% in the first to fourth hemodialysis sessions, respectively. These results suggest that Gd contrast agents can be used in hemodialysis patients if hemodialysis is carried out promptly after the examination. Key words: Renal failure, hemodialysis; contrast agent, gadolinium.

  14. Role of hemodialysis in baclofen overdose with normal renal function

    Lorraine S Dias

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The treatment of baclofen overdose is primarily supportive. There have been case reports of hemodialysis being used in patients with chronic kidney disease with baclofen overdose. A case report of hemodialysis in a baclofen-overdose patient with normal renal function is presented. Review of literature has also been provided.

  15. Intradialytic Hypertension: A Less-Recognized Cardiovascular Complication of Hemodialysis

    Inrig, Jula K

    2009-01-01

    Intradialytic hypertension, defined as an increase in blood pressure during or immediately after hemodialysis which results in postdialysis hypertension, has long been recognized to complicate the hemodialysis procedure, yet it is often largely ignored. In light of recent investigations which have suggested intradialytic hypertension is associated with adverse outcomes, this review will broadly cover the epidemiology, prognostic significance, potential pathogenic mechanisms, prevention, and p...

  16. Designing a model to minimize inequities in hemodialysis facilities distribution

    Teresa M. Salgado

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Portugal has an uneven, city-centered bias in the distribution of hemodialysis centers found to contribute to health care inequities. A model has been developed with the aim of minimizing access inequity through the identification of the best possible localization of new hemodialysis facilities. The model was designed under the assumption that individuals from different geographic areas, ceteris paribus, present the same likelihood of requiring hemodialysis in the future. Distances to reach the closest hemodialysis facility were calculated for every municipality lacking one. Regions were scored by aggregating weights of the “individual burden”, defined as the burden for an individual living in a region lacking a hemodialysis center to reach one as often as needed, and the “population burden”, defined as the burden for the total population living in such a region. The model revealed that the average travelling distance for inhabitants in municipalities without a hemodialysis center is 32 km and that 145,551 inhabitants (1.5% live more than 60 min away from a hemodialysis center, while 1,393,770 (13.8% live 30-60 min away. Multivariate analysis showed that the current localization of hemodialysis facilities is associated with major urban areas. The model developed recommends 12 locations for establishing hemodialysis centers that would result in drastically reduced travel for 34 other municipalities, leaving only six (34,800 people with over 60 min of travel. The application of this model should facilitate the planning of future hemodialysis services as it takes into consideration the potential impact of travel time for individuals in need of dialysis, as well as the logistic arrangements required to transport all patients with end-stage renal disease. The model is applicable in any country and health care planners can opt to weigh these two elements differently in the model according to their priorities.

  17. Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome induced by neoplastic meningitis in a patient receiving maintenance hemodialysis

    Tsuchida, Yohei; Takata, Takuma; Ikarashi, Toshihiko; Iino, Noriaki; Kazama, Junichiro J; Narita, Ichiei

    2013-01-01

    Background Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome is characterized by neurological symptoms resulting from cerebral edema, which occurs as a consequence of hemodialysis. Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome most often occurs in patients who have just started hemodialysis, during hemodialysis, or soon after hemodialysis; although it may also occur in patients who are under maintenance hemodialysis with pre-existing neurological disease. Case presentation A 70-year-old woman, who had been receiving maint...

  18. Pharmacokinetics of Sulfobutylether-Beta-Cyclodextrin and Voriconazole in Patients with End-Stage Renal Failure during Treatment with Two Hemodialysis Systems and Hemodiafiltration▿

    Hafner, Verena; Czock, David; Burhenne, Jürgen; Riedel, Klaus-Dieter; Bommer, Jürgen; Mikus, Gerd; Machleidt, Christoph; Weinreich, Thomas; Haefeli, Walter E.

    2010-01-01

    Sulfobutylether-beta-cyclodextrin (SBECD), a large cyclic oligosaccharide that is used to solubilize voriconazole (VRC) for intravenous administration, is eliminated mainly by renal excretion. The pharmacokinetics of SBECD and voriconazole in patients undergoing extracorporeal renal replacement therapies are not well defined. We performed a three-period randomized crossover study of 15 patients with end-stage renal failure during 6-hour treatment with Genius dialysis, standard hemodialysis, o...

  19. Transcatheter thrombolysis treatment for acute thrombosis in arteriovenous fistulas in hemodialysis patients

    Objective: To assess the clinical value of transcatheter thrombolysis in treating acute arteriovenous fistula thrombosis in hemodialysis patients and to discuss its technical points. Methods: During the period from Jan. 2008 to Jan. 2011, 67 times of acute arteriovenous fistula thrombosis occurred in 50 hemodialysis patients. The diagnosis was confirmed by angiographic findings. First the guide-wire was inserted and pushed forward to pass through the thrombus, then bolus injection (pulse spray) of urokinase (250000 units) through catheter was performed. If the thrombus could not be cleared away, transcatheter micro-pump continuous infusion of urokinase was employed for 1-3 days until the thrombosis was completely dissolved, which was confirmed by angiographic re-examination at 24, 48 and 72 hours after the start of thrombolysis. Results: Of the total 67 times of acute arteriovenous fistula thrombosis, the arteriovenous fistula reopened in 8 cases after transcatheter thrombolysis with pulse spray of urokinase. At 24, 48 and 72 hours after the initiation of thrombolysis treatment, the thrombus was completely dissolved in 34, 18 and 5 cases, respectively. The thrombolysis treatment failed in two cases. No serious complications such as pulmonary embolization, hemorrhage, etc. occurred during the therapeutic course. Conclusion: For the treatment of acute arteriovenous fistula thrombosis in hemodialysis patients, transcatheter thrombolysis is an easily-manipulated, effective, minimally-invasive and safe technique. Therefore, it is of great clinical value. (authors)

  20. Evaluation of therapeutic effect of capsaicin pomade(Caspian 0.03% in hemodialysis related pruritus

    Alireza Bari

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available (Received 23 Jul, 2008 ; Accepted 12 Nov, 2008AbstractBackground and purpose: Pruritus is one of the common problems in hemodialysis patients with end stage renal disease. Approximately, 60% of these patients suffer from this condition. There are several causes for pruritus, thus, various treatments are applied in order to control it. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effect of capsaicin on pruritus, compared with placebo, in hemodialysis patients.Materials and methods: This randomized double blind cross over clinical trial study, was performed on 34 hemodialysis patients with uremic pruritus in 1386. All patients were divided in two groups. One group received Caspian 0.03%, while the other, placebo for four weeks. Treatment was stopped for two weeks and continued as cross over technique. Pruritus scores were analyzed with Paired t-test and Repeated measurement ANOVA.Results: In this study, the difference between Mean of pruritus score before capsian treatment and in weeks following 1 to 4 was statistically significant (P=0.0001. In placebo group, the difference between pruritus score before treatment and in weeks 1 to 4 was statistically significant (P=0.0001. There was no significant difference before treatment in two groups, however, after each week, the difference was significant (P=0.0001. Repeated measurement test showed that reduction in pruritus severity in capsian group was more than placebo group, during treatment period (P=0.0001.Conclusion: Although our study indicated the appropriate effects of Capsian in pruritus, the placebo also has a good effect in controlling hemodialysis related pruritus. Our placebo had emollient property; therefore, we can apply it to control the pruritus in these patients.J Mazand Univ Med Sci 2009; 19(69: 7-13 (Persian

  1. Radiological diagnosis of renal osteodystrophy with reference to clinical features in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis

    Pathophysiological, histological and radiological findings in renal osteodystrophy are described. Special emphasis is laid on secondary hyperparathyroidism. Preliminary results of the authors' investigations show a good correlation between radiological findings in the phalanges of the hand and the concentration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) in 14 patients. The concentration of the hormone in the blood was measured by a new 'two-site' immunoradiometric assay, which is specific for the intact, biologically active hormone. Patients with high concentrations of PTH in the blood tended to have more severe radiological changes. In 4 patients for whom radiographs of the hands revealed no pathologic findings, normal PTH concentrations in the blood were measured by this method, whereas the conventional assay gave elevated hormone concentrations for the same patients. This is due to the lack of specificity of the conventional method for the intact, biologically active hormone. Nevertheless, further investigations are needed to confirm these findings. (orig.)

  2. Functional Status of Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis

    Akash Nabil

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Factors associated with physical well being were examined in adults with end-stage renal disease (ESRD in two large hemodialysis units of the Royal Medical Services in Jordan. Utilizing the Karnofski scale we measured the functional status of 200 Patients who had been on maintenance hemodialysis for at least 12 months. A Marnofski scale of less than 70 incidents frank disability (Inability to perform routine living activities without assistance, in addition current vocational status was assessed as well as any existing comorbid conditions. The mean age of the study group was 45.2 years (range 16 to 70 and included 108 (54% males and 92 (46% females, there were 39 (19.5% diabetic patients and 27 (13.5% patients were receiving erythropoietin (EPO. The mean hematocrit of the entire group was 27.8%. As measured by Karnofski scale, 64 (32% of the patients were unable to perform routine living activity without assistance; dependence on wheelchair was reported by 9 (4.5% patients. The mean comorbidity index of patients who scored less than 70 on the Karnofski scale was 1.5 compared to 0.7 for those who scored at least 70 on the same scale (p< 0.001. Analysis of factors showed that age and diabetes mellitus affected functional status. Of the laboratory variables measured, only serum albumin concentration correlated significant with Karnofski scale. Fourteen (21.8% of the patients who scored below 70, had serum albumin concentration above 40g/L compared to 66 (48.5% of the patients who scored at least 70 on the Karnofski scale (p< 0.001. We conclude that a significant proportion of patients on maintenance hemodialysis is functionally disabled. The elderly, diabetics, patients with high co-morbidity index and those with low serum albumin are most likely to have poor functional status.

  3. The current status of hemodialysis in Baghdad

    Al-Saedy Ali; Al-Kahichy Hayder

    2011-01-01

    This study aims to assess the different aspects of hemodialysis (HD) in Baghdad in-cluding the population on dialysis, dialysis dose, nutritional status, and comobidities. We studied the HD patients recruited from five major hospitals in Baghdad from July 2008 to February 2009. There were 86 patients (mean age 46.05 14.28 years). We evaluated their social status, co-morbidities, adequacy of dialysis, and nutritional status. The mean duration of patients on HD was 2.2 years, only 14�...

  4. Mechanical Thrombectomy of Hemodialysis Fistulae and Grafts

    In this article, the authors present approaches they use in performing dialysis access intervention-in particular clotted access. It is not meant to be a comprehensive review of dialysis access management. At our institution, mechanical thrombectomy is the primary mode of treatment for clotted hemodialysis access. We will present physical examination findings in clotted dialysis access and contraindications for mechanical thrombectomy in dialysis access. We will also discuss the devices for mechanical thrombectomy and the techniques we use. Finally, we will discuss the difficulties encountered in these procedures and their solutions

  5. 320-row computed tomography coronary artery screening in the beginning period of maintenance hemodialysis

    Sixty-one patients at this hospital have been undergoing outpatient hemodialysis for 80 years of age, 10 who underwent conventional coronary angiography (CAG), and 13 who did not consent to participation in this study. Among the 32 patients, CT imaging demonstrated that 6 had coronary stenosis, and 20 did not have coronary stenosis. The remaining 6 patients were indeterminate (5, advanced calcification; 1, poor image quality). The average age of patients with coronary stenosis (67.3±9.5 years) and indeterminate cases (68.3±9.7 years) was significantly higher (p<0.05 and p<0.01, respectively) than that of those without coronary stenosis (54.0±11.8 years). The calcification score of indeterminate cases (1088±907) was significantly higher (p<0.05 and p<0.01, respectively) than that of patients with (351±356) or without (100±217) coronary stenosis. Four of the 6 coronary stenosis patients also had diabetes (67%), which was higher than the rate of 5/20 patients without coronary stenosis (25%), but the difference was not significant. Five of 6 patients with CT-detected coronary stenosis who underwent CAG had significant stenosis requiring treatment. One patient underwent coronary artery bypass surgery, 2 percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and the other 2 were administered drugs. One of 5/6 patients who were indeterminate on CT was found to have significant coronary artery stenosis, and PCI was performed. CT coronary artery screening detected coronary artery disease requiring treatment in 6/32 (19%) asymptomatic hemodialysis patients, on whom CAG was performed. Since 320-row CT coronary artery screening can detect untreated and latent coronary stenosis, it is useful to screen patients at the initiation of maintenance hemodialysis. (author)

  6. Adherence to treatment, emotional state and quality of life in patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing dialysis

    García-Llana, Helena; Remor, Eduardo; Selgas, Rafael

    2013-01-01

    A low rate of adherence to treatment is a widespread problem of great clinical relevance among dialysis patients. The objective of the present study is to determine the relationship between adherence, emotional state (depression, anxiety, and perceived stress), and healthrelated quality of life (HRQOL) in renal patients undergoing dialysis. Method: Two patient groups (30 in hemodialysis and 31 in peritoneal dialysis) participated in this study. We evaluated aspects of adhere...

  7. The Effect of Holy Qur'an Recitation on Anxiety in Hemodialysis Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

    Babamohamadi, Hassan; Sotodehasl, Nemat; Koenig, Harold G; Jahani, Changiz; Ghorbani, Raheb

    2015-10-01

    Kidney disease and its related psychological costs have significantly increased in recent years. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of Qur'an recitation on anxiety in hemodialysis patients. Sixty hemodialysis patients were randomized to either Qur'an recitation or a control group. Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) was completed by patients at baseline and 1 month afterward. The intervention involved listening to the recitation of the Qur'an in traditional cantillation voice. The control group received no intervention. The data were analyzed using Student's t test and general linear models. Recitation of the Qur'an was effective in reducing anxiety in the intervention group, decreasing STAI score at baseline from 128.5 (SD = 13.0) to 82.1 (SD = 11.3), compared to the control group which experienced no change in anxiety scores from baseline to follow-up (118.3, SD = 14.5, vs. 120.1, SD = 14.4, respectively. Between-subject comparison at follow-up, after adjusting for baseline differences, indicated a significant reduction in anxiety in the intervention versus the control group (F = 15.5, p = 0.0002, Cohen's d = 1.03). Listening to the Holy Qur'an being recited is an effective intervention for anxiety in patients undergoing hemodialysis in Iran. PMID:25559332

  8. Correlation of serum leptin with levels of hemoglobin in hemodialysis

    Rafieian-Kopaei Mahmoud

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available To examine the association of serum leptin level with anemia in hemodialysis, we investigated 36 patients (males: 21, diabetics: 11 under regular hemodialysis. For patients, complete blood counts, iron profile, serum leptin, and adequacy of hemodialysis were assessed. In this study a significant correlation of serum leptin with level of hemoglobin and body mass index was detected. An association between serum leptin and total iron binding capacity was observed. No correlation of serum ferritin with leptin level was seen. Our findings attest previous findings showing that greater serum leptin levels are associated with greater hemoglobin levels.

  9. Radiologic placement of hemodialysis central venous catheters: a practical guide

    Typical indications for central venous catheters (CVCs) are hemodialysis (HD), apheresis, total parenteral nutrition, analgesia, chemotherapy, long-term antibiotic therapy and cases of difficult or absent peripheral venous access. One of the largest medical services requesting CVC insertion is nephrology for HD patients. Demographics dictate that the demand for CVCs will continue to grow over the next few decades, placing striking demands on interventional radiology departments. In our centre, interventional radiologists now place nearly all percutaneously inserted HD CVCs. Radiologists provide rapid access to CVC services with significantly fewer complications than CVCs placed by other clinicians. With the demand for CVC management increasing and available operating room time decreasing, many clinicians now refer CVC insertions to radiologists. As well, clinicians who ordinarily place their own lines often refer high-risk patients, such as those who are obese or uncooperative and those with burns or coagulopathy. Our experience, derived from over 7000 CVC insertions, manipulations and removals, has allowed us to continually progress and improve our techniques, many of which are summarized here. (author)

  10. Serum Protein Profile Alterations in Hemodialysis Patients

    Murphy, G A; Davies, R W; Choi, M W; Perkins, J; Turteltaub, K W; McCutchen-Maloney, S L; Langlois, R G; Curzi, M P; Trebes, J E; Fitch, J P; Dalmasso, E A; Colston, B W; Ying, Y; Chromy, B A

    2003-11-18

    Background: Serum protein profiling patterns can reflect the pathological state of a patient and therefore may be useful for clinical diagnostics. Here, we present results from a pilot study of proteomic expression patterns in hemodialysis patients designed to evaluate the range of serum proteomic alterations in this population. Methods: Surface-Enhanced Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (SELDI-TOFMS) was used to analyze serum obtained from patients on periodic hemodialysis treatment and healthy controls. Serum samples from patients and controls were first fractionated into six eluants on a strong anion exchange column, followed by application to four array chemistries representing cation exchange, anion exchange, metal affinity and hydrophobic surfaces. A total of 144 SELDI-TOF-MS spectra were obtained from each serum sample. Results: The overall profiles of the patient and control samples were consistent and reproducible. However, 30 well-defined protein differences were observed; 15 proteins were elevated and 15 were decreased in patients compared to controls. Serum from one patient exhibited novel protein peaks suggesting possible additional changes due to a secondary disease process. Conclusion: SELDI-TOF-MS demonstrated dramatic serum protein profile differences between patients and controls. Similarity in protein profiles among dialysis patients suggests that patient physiological responses to end-stage renal disease and/or dialysis therapy have a major effect on serum protein profiles.

  11. Bone cyst of atlantoaxial joint in long-term hemodialysis patients

    A systematic study of the upper cervical spine was performed using computed tomography in 32 patients (17 men and 15 women) who had been undergoing hemodialysis for more then 20 years. Twenty-one patients had bone cysts in the lateral mass of the atlas. Nine patients had bone cysts in the screw insertion path of the axis during the Magerl technique. Eight patients had bone cysts in the dens of the axis. In patient with destructive Spondyloarthropathy (DSA) of the atlantoaxial joint, this condition tended to progress quickly, resulting in atlantoaxial subluxation and severe myelopathy requiring surgery at this site. Surgical methods for atlantoaxial subluxation include C1/2 transarticular screw fixation (Magerl screw) and wedge compression arthrodesis of the atlantoaxial joint (Brooks method) and atlantoaxial posterior fixation (Goel method or Tan method). But, most patients on long-term hemodialysis over 20 years were found with bone cysts in the lateral mass of the atlas, making atlantoaxial screw fixation difficult. We consider evaluation of bone cysts in the atlantoaxial joint before operation to be important. (author)

  12. Central venous obstruction in hemodialysis patients: the usefulness of percutaneous treatment

    To analyse the effectiveness of percutaneous treatment of central venous obstruction in patients undergoing hemodialysis. In 100 patients, 107 central venous strictures (56 subclavian (occlusion:21, stenosis:35) and 51 innominate (occlusion:23,stenosis:28)) were assessed, and 170 percutaneous angioplasty procedures were performed. Balloon dilation of the venous lumen was the preferred mode, but if dilation was incomplete we inserted a stent at the site of the stricture. Technical success, procedural complications and the long-term patency rate were evaluated, and the patency difference according to location and degree of stricture, the existence of DM, and any history of central catheter insertion was also determined. We inserted 52 stents in 170 procedures, in 157 (92.4%) of which initial technical success was achieved. Stent migration occurred in two cases and balloon rupture in three. The 6- and 12-month primary patency rates were 46.2% and 24.1%, respectively, and the mean patency rate was 8.5 months. The 1-, 2-and 3-year accumulative patency rates were 59.8%, 47.5% and 35.7%, respectively, and the mean patency rate was 23.5 months. Other than in the history of central catheter insertion, there were no statistically significant differences in patency rates (p=0.0128). In hemodialysis patients with a central venous stricture, percutaneous angioplasty is a safe and useful procedure, but to maintain long-term central venous patency, repeated interventions are required

  13. Central venous obstruction in hemodialysis patients: the usefulness of percutaneous treatment

    Kim, Cheol Young; Goo, Dong Erk; Kim, Dae Ho; Hong, Hyun Suk; Lee, Hae Kyoung; Choi, Duk Lin; Yang, Sung Boo; Moon, Chul [College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang Univ., Chonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2002-04-01

    To analyse the effectiveness of percutaneous treatment of central venous obstruction in patients undergoing hemodialysis. In 100 patients, 107 central venous strictures (56 subclavian (occlusion:21, stenosis:35) and 51 innominate (occlusion:23,stenosis:28)) were assessed, and 170 percutaneous angioplasty procedures were performed. Balloon dilation of the venous lumen was the preferred mode, but if dilation was incomplete we inserted a stent at the site of the stricture. Technical success, procedural complications and the long-term patency rate were evaluated, and the patency difference according to location and degree of stricture, the existence of DM, and any history of central catheter insertion was also determined. We inserted 52 stents in 170 procedures, in 157 (92.4%) of which initial technical success was achieved. Stent migration occurred in two cases and balloon rupture in three. The 6- and 12-month primary patency rates were 46.2% and 24.1%, respectively, and the mean patency rate was 8.5 months. The 1-, 2-and 3-year accumulative patency rates were 59.8%, 47.5% and 35.7%, respectively, and the mean patency rate was 23.5 months. Other than in the history of central catheter insertion, there were no statistically significant differences in patency rates (p=0.0128). In hemodialysis patients with a central venous stricture, percutaneous angioplasty is a safe and useful procedure, but to maintain long-term central venous patency, repeated interventions are required.

  14. Amyloid arthropathy of the hip joint: MR demonstration of presumed amyloid lesions in 152 patients with long-term hemodialysis

    Otake, S.; Yamana, D. [Department of Radiology, Narita Memorial Hospital, Aichi (Japan); Tsuruta, Y. [Department of Nephrology, Narita Memorial Hospital, Aichi (Japan); Mizutani, H.; Ohba, S. [Department of Radiology, Nagoya City University Medical School, Aichi (Japan)

    1998-10-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the spectrum of MR findings of presumed amyloid arthropathy of the hip joints in patients on long-term hemodialysis. We prospectively performed T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo imaging on 152 consecutive patients on hemodialysis. The duration of hemodialysis ranged from 5 months to 24 years, 2 months (mean: 8 years, 8 months). The frequency, location, and signal intensity of bone lesions were assessed. In 12 cases with contrast-enhanced MR examination, enhancement pattern of bone lesions, synovial lesions, and intra-articular lesions were characterized. Bone lesions presumed to be amyloid deposits were identified in 60 patients (39 %). Magnetic resonance imaging revealed that amyloid lesions were more extensive than anticipated by plain radiographs. All bone lesions showed decreased signal intensity on T1-weighted images. On T2-weighted images, bone lesions showed increased signal intensity in 32 patients (54 %), decreased signal intensity in 11 patients (18 %), and both increased and decreased signal intensity in 17 patients (28 %). Following intravenous injection of gadolinium-based contrast, all bone lesions showed moderate enhancement. Synovial thickening could not be identified on T1- and T2-weighted images. However, contrast-enhanced images showed thickened synovial membrane, which could be differentiated from joint fluid. Intra-articular nodules showed decreased or intermediate signal intensity on T1-weighted images and decreased signal intensity on T2-weighted images; the intra-articular nodules were contiguous with subchondral bone lesions. Magnetic resonance imaging is useful for evaluating the distribution and extent of amyloidosis of the hip joints in patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis. (orig.) (orig.) With 4 figs., 1 tab., 17 refs.

  15. Amyloid arthropathy of the hip joint: MR demonstration of presumed amyloid lesions in 152 patients with long-term hemodialysis

    The aim of this study was to determine the spectrum of MR findings of presumed amyloid arthropathy of the hip joints in patients on long-term hemodialysis. We prospectively performed T1- and T2-weighted spin-echo imaging on 152 consecutive patients on hemodialysis. The duration of hemodialysis ranged from 5 months to 24 years, 2 months (mean: 8 years, 8 months). The frequency, location, and signal intensity of bone lesions were assessed. In 12 cases with contrast-enhanced MR examination, enhancement pattern of bone lesions, synovial lesions, and intra-articular lesions were characterized. Bone lesions presumed to be amyloid deposits were identified in 60 patients (39 %). Magnetic resonance imaging revealed that amyloid lesions were more extensive than anticipated by plain radiographs. All bone lesions showed decreased signal intensity on T1-weighted images. On T2-weighted images, bone lesions showed increased signal intensity in 32 patients (54 %), decreased signal intensity in 11 patients (18 %), and both increased and decreased signal intensity in 17 patients (28 %). Following intravenous injection of gadolinium-based contrast, all bone lesions showed moderate enhancement. Synovial thickening could not be identified on T1- and T2-weighted images. However, contrast-enhanced images showed thickened synovial membrane, which could be differentiated from joint fluid. Intra-articular nodules showed decreased or intermediate signal intensity on T1-weighted images and decreased signal intensity on T2-weighted images; the intra-articular nodules were contiguous with subchondral bone lesions. Magnetic resonance imaging is useful for evaluating the distribution and extent of amyloidosis of the hip joints in patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis. (orig.) (orig.)

  16. Estudio piloto sobre entrenamiento físico durante hemodiálisis A pilot study on physical training of patients in hemodialysis

    María Soledad Oliveros R

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Exercise training during the dialytical procedure may have positive cardiovascular effects and prevent or revert muscle wasting in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis. Aim: To evaluate the effects of an exercise training program in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis. Material and Methods: Fifteen patients on chronic hemodialysis aged 21 to 69 years (three females were included in the study. Nine of these were included in an exercise training program. During 16 weeks, exercise sessions were carried out during each dialytical procedure that included a warm-up period, aerobic exercises done using standing cycles, and resistance exercises, performed using Thera-Band® elastic bands and loops. Borg scale was used to control the intensity of training. At baseline and at the end of the study, a blood sample prior and after the dialytical procedure was obtained to measure C reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin 6. Quadriceps muscle strength, six minutes´ walk and quality of life using the SF-36 questionnaire, were also measured. Results: Four experimental subjects did not complete the study period, two that withdrew before starting, one due to problems with the venous access and one that decided to withdraw after 1 month of training. Among the five patients that finished the training period, significant improvements in the six minutes´ walk and quadriceps strength were observed in the experimental group. No significant changes were observed among controls. No changes were observed in either group in C reactive protein, tumor necrosis factor and interleukin 6 levels or quality of life. Conclusions: Among patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis exercise training improves endurance and muscle strength.

  17. Hemochromatosis (HFE gene mutations in Brazilian chronic hemodialysis patients

    F.V. Perícole

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Patients with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI have reduced hemoglobin levels, mostly as a result of decreased kidney production of erythropoietin, but the relation between renal insufficiency and the magnitude of hemoglobin reduction has not been well defined. Hereditary hemochromatosis is an inherited disorder of iron metabolism. The importance of the association of hemochromatosis with treatment for anemia among patients with CRI has not been well described. We analyzed the frequency of the C282Y and H63D mutations in the HFE gene in 201 Brazilian individuals with CRI undergoing hemodialysis. The analysis of the effects of HFE mutations on iron metabolism and anemia with biochemical parameters was possible in 118 patients of this study (hemoglobin, hematocrit, ferritin levels, transferrin saturation, and serum iron. A C282Y heterozygous mutation was found in 7/201 (3.4% and H63D homozygous and heterozygous mutation were found in 2/201 (1.0% and 46/201 (22.9%, respectively. The allelic frequencies of the HFE mutations (0.017 for C282Y mutation and 0.124 for H63D mutation did not differ between patients with CRI and healthy controls. Regarding the biochemical parameters, no differences were observed between HFE heterozygous and mutation-negative patients, although ferritin levels were not higher among patients with the H63D mutation (P = 0.08. From what we observed in our study, C282Y/H63D HFE gene mutations are not related to degrees of anemia or iron stores in CRI patients receiving intravenous iron supplementation (P > 0.10. Nevertheless, the present data suggest that the H63D mutation may have an important function as a modulating factor of iron overload in these patients.

  18. The influence of maintenance quality of hemodialysis machines on hemodialysis efficiency

    Azar Ahmad

    2009-01-01

    Several studies suggest that there is a correlation between dose of dialysis and machine maintenance. However, in spite of the current practice, there are conflicting reports regarding the relationship between dose of dialysis or patient outcome, and machine maintenance. In order to evaluate the impact of hemodialysis machine maintenance on dialysis adequacy Kt/V and session performance, data were processed on 134 patients on 3-times-per-week dialysis regimens by dividing the patients into fo...

  19. Hemodialysis membranes for acute and chronic renal insufficiency.

    Yu, Jin-Gang; Yu, Lin-Yan; Jiang, Xin-Yu; Chen, Xiao-Qing; Tao, Li-Jian; Jiao, Fei-Peng

    2013-08-01

    As an incomplete renal replacement for the patients with either acute or chronic renal failure, membrane-based hemodialysis therapy is progressing rapidly. However, the mortality and morbidity remain unacceptably high. Much effort has been put into improving the biocompatibility of the hemodialysis membranes. To effectively remove small solutes and 'middle molecules' in compact cartridges, the hydraulic and permselective properties of the hemodialysis membranes have also been deeply investigated. An overview of recent progress of different kinds of hemodialysis membranes and their preparation technology, as well as their modification techniques, is presented. The advantages and deficiencies of many synthetic membranes, including cellulose, cellulose acetate (CA), chitosan (CS), polysulfone (PS), poly(ether sulfone) (PES), polyacrylonitrile (PAN), ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH), poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), etc. are elaborated upon. PMID:23782098

  20. Sublethal microcystin exposure and biochemical outcomes among hemodialysis patients

    Cyanobacteria are commonly-occurring contaminants of surface waters worldwide. Microcystins, potent hepatotoxins, are among the best characterized cyanotoxins. During November, 2001, a group of 44 hemodialysis patients were exposed to microcystins via contaminated dialysate. Seru...

  1. Small bowel enteroclysis using a hemodialysis blood pump

    The purpose of this study is to describe the usefulness of small bowel enteroclysis using a hemodialysis blood pump. Over 1 16 month period, 135 double contrast small bowel enteroclysis examinations were performed in 132 patients using a hemodialysis blood pump. Following incubation of the proximal jejunum, barium at a dilution of 50 % and 0.5 %-methylcellulose were infused at a constant rate using a hemodialysis blood pump and multiple spot films of the small intestine were obtained. Success rate, quality of radiographs, positive findings, fluoroscopic time and complications were evaluated. It spite of the long fluoroscopic time and invasiveness, double contrast small bowel enteroclysis is useful for the evaluation of small bowel disease. The infusion of barium and methylcellulose using a hemodialysis blood pump give radiographs of good quality. (author). 18 refs., 2 tabs., 10 figs

  2. Taking care of your vascular access for hemodialysis

    ... vessel during a short operation. When you have dialysis, your blood flows out of the access into ... are 3 main types of vascular accesses for hemodialysis. These are described as follows. Fistula: An artery ...

  3. Intradialytic hyperalimentation as adjuvant support in pregnant hemodialysis patients: case report and review of the literature

    Tuot, Delphine; Gibson, Suzanne; Caughey, Aaron B.; Frassetto, Lynda A

    2009-01-01

    Pregnancy in chronic dialysis patients is unusual and associated with many complications. Infants are often born both prematurely and small for gestational age. We report a case of a 36-year-old diabetic hemodialysis patient G4P3 who had prolonged hyperemesis gravidarum, for whom intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) was started at week 14 and continued throughout her pregnancy. She delivered a 3.5-kg baby girl at the 36th week of gestation by cesarean section. We discuss the use of IDPN ...

  4. Intradialytic hyperalimentation as adjuvant support in pregnant hemodialysis patients: case report and review of the literature

    Tuot, Delphine; Gibson, Suzanne; Caughey, Aaron B.; Frassetto, Lynda A

    2010-01-01

    Pregnancy in chronic dialysis patients is unusual and associated with many complications. Infants are often born both prematurely and small for gestational age. We report a case of a 36-year-old diabetic hemodialysis patient G4P3 who had prolonged hyperemesis gravidarum, for whom intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) was started at week 14 and continued throughout her pregnancy. She delivered a 3.5-kg baby girl at the 36th week of gestation by cesarean section. We discuss the use of IDPN ...

  5. Osteoprotegerin and mortality in hemodialysis patients with cardiovascular disease

    Winther, Simon; Christensen, Jeppe Hagstrup; Flyvbjerg, Allan; Schmidt, Erik Berg; Jørgensen, Kaj Anker; Jørgensen, Hanne Skou; Svensson, My

    2013-01-01

    Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients treated with hemodialysis (HD) have an increased mortality, mainly caused by cardiovascular disease (CVD). Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is a glycoprotein involved in the regulation of the vascular calcification process. Previous studies have demonstrated that OPG is a...... adjusted analyses, the p-value for trend was 0.03. CONCLUSIONS: In a high-risk population of hemodialysis patients with previously documented cardiovascular disease, a high level of OPG was an independent risk marker of all-cause mortality....

  6. Serum Alkaline Phosphatase Predicts Mortality among Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients

    Regidor, Deborah L; Csaba P. Kovesdy; Mehrotra, Rajnish; Rambod,Mehdi; Jing, Jennie; McAllister, Charles J.; van Wyck, David; Kopple, Joel D; Kalantar-Zadeh, Kamyar

    2008-01-01

    Several observational studies have demonstrated that serum levels of minerals and parathyroid hormone (PTH) have U- or J-shaped associations with mortality in maintenance hemodialysis patients, but the relationship between serum alkaline phosphatase (AlkPhos) and risk for all-cause or cardiovascular death is unknown. In this study, a 3-yr cohort of 73,960 hemodialysis patients in DaVita outpatient dialysis were studied, and the hazard ratios for all-cause and cardiovascular death were higher ...

  7. Modifiable Risk Factors for Early Mortality on Hemodialysis

    Rory McQuillan; Lilyanna Trpeski; Stanley Fenton; Lok, Charmaine E.

    2012-01-01

    Data of incident hemodialysis patients from 2001 to 2007 were abstracted from The Renal Disease Registry (TRDR) from central Ontario, Canada and followed until December 2008 to determine 90-day mortality rates for incident hemodialysis patients. Modifiable risk factors of early mortality were determined by a Cox model. In total, 876 of 4807 incident patients died during their first year on dialysis; 304 (34.7%) deaths occurred within the first 90 days of dialysis initiation. The majority of d...

  8. Hepatitis B Infection in Hemodialysis Patients in Tehran Province, Iran

    Mitra Mahdavimazdeh; Seyed Mohammadmehdi Hosseini-Moghaddam; Seyed Moayed Alavian; Hooman Yahyazadeh

    2009-01-01

    Background and Aims: Hemodialysis (HD) patients seem to be at considerable risk of acquiring HBV infection. This study was carried out to determine the seroprevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in hemodialysis patients living in the province of Tehran and to investigate the association between viral hepatitis B and the probable risk factors for HD patients..Methods: From June to August 2005, this study was done on the entire HD population of the province of Tehran (2630 patients; 15...

  9. Hemodialysis-associated pseudoporphyria resistant to N-acetylcysteine

    Driss El Kabbaj

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a 33-year-old female patient who had hemodialysis-associated pseudo-porphyria which did not respond to treatment with oral N-acetylcysteine. She responded favorably to treatment with the anti-malarial drug, chloroquine. The case is being reported to highlight the difficulty in interpreting the urinary porphyrin assays in patients on hemodialysis. Additionally, the current literature on pseudoporphyria disorders in patients with end-stage renal disease is briefly discussed.

  10. Hemodialysis services: are public policies turned to guaranteeing the access?

    Ana Rita Barbieri; Crhistinne Cavalheiro Maymone Gonçalves; Maria de Fátima Meinberg Cheade; Cristina Souza; Daniel Henrique Tsuha; Kássio Costa Ferreira; Lucas Rasi; Antonio Conceição Paranhos Filho

    2015-01-01

    The increasing incidence of chronic renal failure in Brazil and the consequential expansion of hemodialysis as a choice for treatment in final stage have to be taken into account to guarantee access to those in need. The ecological study conducted in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, in 2012, using data from the Brazilian Health Informatics Department (DATASUS) and from the analysis of medical records in 12 clinics, identified and mapped patients on hemodialysis, the distance they travelled a...

  11. The impact of nocturnal hemodialysis on sexual function

    Bass Adam; Ahmed Sofia B; Klarenbach Scott; Culleton Bruce; Hemmelgarn Brenda R; Manns Braden

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Sexual dysfunction is common in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) and treatment options are limited. Observational studies suggest that nocturnal hemodialysis may improve sexual function. We compared sexual activity and responses to sexual related questions in the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form questionnaire among patients randomized to frequent nocturnal or thrice weekly conventional hemodialysis. Methods We performed a secondary analysis of data fro...

  12. Oral Microflora in Patients on Hemodialysis and Kidney Transplant Recipients

    Azadeh Ahmadieh; Maryam Baharvand; Fatemeh Fallah; Hooman Djaladat; Medi Eslani

    2010-01-01

    Introduction. We aimed to determine oral microflora of patients on long-term hemodialysis and kidney transplant recipients, and to compare them with individuals without kidney disease.Materials and Methods. We studied on 3 groups including patients on at least 6 months of hemodialysis, kidney transplant recipients for more than 2 years, and controls with a normal kidney function. Staining and culture were applied for samples from the dorsum of the tongue and the oral floor in order to detect ...

  13. Oral Microflora in Patients on Hemodialysis and Kidney Transplant Recipients

    Azadeh Ahmadieh

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. We aimed to determine oral microflora of patients on long-term hemodialysis and kidney transplant recipients, and to compare them with individuals without kidney disease.Materials and Methods. We studied on 3 groups including patients on at least 6 months of hemodialysis, kidney transplant recipients for more than 2 years, and controls with a normal kidney function. Staining and culture were applied for samples from the dorsum of the tongue and the oral floor in order to detect aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and Candida.Results. The participants were 49 patients on hemodialysis, 50 kidney transplant recipients, and 50 volunteers in the control group. The abundance of Candida was significantly higher in the hemodialysis and transplant groups compared with the control group. The mean of various microorganisms was found to be significantly higher in the hemodialysis group than the control group (P = .03; however, the frequency of these microorganisms in the transplant group was lower than that in the hemodialysis group. Adjusting for confounding factors, the odds of having Candida in the hemodialysis and transplant groups were 3.54 (95% CI, 1.21 to 10.41 and 3.49 (95% CI, 1.27 to 9.18 times higher compared to the control group, respectively.Conclusions. Hemodialysis and kidney transplantation could affect oral microflora. Candida was significantly more frequent in these patients compared to healthy adults. Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacilli, Porphyromonas, and Candida is seen slightly less frequently after kidney transplantation, which might be in favor of promising effects of kidney transplantation on oral microflora.

  14. Cost-Effectiveness of Frequent In-Center Hemodialysis

    Lee, Chris P.; Zenios, Stefanos A; CHERTOW, Glenn M.

    2008-01-01

    Published evidence suggests that frequent hemodialysis (more than three times per week) for patients with ESRD may improve health-related quality of life and has the potential to increase longevity and reduce hospitalization and other complications. Here, a Monte Carlo simulation model was used to compare varying combinations of in-center hemodialysis frequency (three to six treatments per week) and session length (2 to 4.5 h per session) with regard to unadjusted and quality-adjusted life-ye...

  15. Study of Elements, Antioxidants and Lipid Peroxidation in Hemodialysis Patients

    MENEVŞE, Esma

    2006-01-01

    Background: During hemodialysis, most of the elements must be kept in a rather narrow physiological range, otherwise life-threatening events may occur. Furthermore, lipid peroxidation in patients may be partly due to the trace element disturbances. It has been mentioned that there are relations between deficiency in trace elements and antioxidant levels. The present study aimed to determine whether there were differences between hemodialysis patients and a healthy group according to selenium,...

  16. Mechanism of Prominent Trimethylamine Oxide (TMAO) Accumulation in Hemodialysis Patients

    Hai, Xin; Landeras, Veeda; Dobre, Mirela A.; DeOreo, Peter; Meyer, Timothy W; Hostetter, Thomas H.

    2015-01-01

    Large size, protein binding and intracellular sequestration are well known to limit dialytic removal of compounds. In studying the normal renal and dialytic handling of trimethylamine oxide (TMAO), a molecule associated with cardiovascular disease in the general population, we discovered two largely unrecognized additional limitations to sustained reduction of a solute by chronic hemodialysis. We measured solute levels and handling in subjects on chronic hemodialysis (ESRD, n = 7) and compare...

  17. Bone Marrow Pathology Predicts Mortality in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients

    Cheng-Hao Weng; Kuan-Ying Lu; Ching-Chih Hu; Wen-Hung Huang; I-Kwan Wang; Tzung-Hai Yen

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. A bone marrow biopsy is a useful procedure for the diagnosis and staging of various hematologic and systemic diseases. The objective of this study was to investigate whether the findings of bone marrow studies can predict mortality in chronic hemodialysis patients. Methods. Seventy-eight end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis underwent bone marrow biopsies between 2000 and 2011, with the most common indication being unexplained anemia followed by unexplaine...

  18. Prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections in patients on hemodialysis: challenges and management strategies

    Soi, Vivek; Moore, Carol L; Kumbar, Lalathakasha; Yee, Jerry

    2016-01-01

    Catheter-related bloodstream infections are a significant source of morbidity and mortality in the end-stage renal disease population. Although alternative accesses to undergoing renal replacement therapy exist, many patients begin hemodialysis with a dialysis catheter due to logistic and physiologic factors involved in arteriovenous fistula creation and maturation. Colonization of catheters via skin flora leads to the production of biofilm, which acts as a reservoir for virulent bacteria. Preventative therapies center on appropriate catheter maintenance, infection control measures, and early removal of devices as patients transition to other access. Despite best efforts, when conservative measures fail to prevent infections in a high-risk population, antimicrobial lock therapy should be considered as an option to combat catheter-related bloodstream infections.

  19. Clearance of Tc-99m DTPA in hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis: concise communication

    The clearance of Tc-99m DTPA was studied in 14 patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). Mean Tc-99m DTPA clearance during HD was 37.8% +/- 10.1 of creatinine clearance. Mean Tc-99m DTPA clearance in PD was 65.1% +/- 10.3 of creatinine clearance. Tc-99m DTPA, with a larger molecular weight than that of creatinine, is cleared relatively better during PD than during HD. Thus Tc-99m DTPA may be used in the assessment of the effectiveness of different dialytic treatments for substances of similar molecular weight. In addition, our study shows that clearance of DTPA both in HD and PD is sufficiently high to allow the removal of this chelating agent in patients with renal failure

  20. Infection of a subclavian venous stent in a hemodialysis patient.

    Guest, S S; Kirsch, C M; Baxter, R; Sorooshian, M; Young, J

    1995-08-01

    Endovascular stent placement to prevent restenosis after angioplasty is being increasingly employed. A 63-year-old hemodialysis patient with a right forearm gortex graft developed ipsilateral arm edema, and a right subclavian vein stenosis was diagnosed. This vascular stenosis was presumably secondary to previous placement of temporary access catheters. The subclavian vein stenosis was treated with angioplasty, endovascular stenting, and warfarin, which resulted in resolution of the arm edema. Three weeks after stenting, the patient developed fever to 104 degrees F, chills, and right arm and shoulder edema. All blood cultures grew Staphylococcus aureus, and an Indium-labeled white blood cell scan was positive at the sight of the subclavian stent. Infectious disease consultants recommended urgent removal of the infected stent, but the extensive surgery required posed considerable risk of major morbidity. We elected to conservatively treat the patient. With loss of all upper-extremity access sites, the patient was converted to peritoneal dialysis. Despite the patient's ambulatory status, a femoral venous Hickman catheter was placed and tunneled through the abdominal subcutaneous soft tissue. The patient received 9 weeks of antibiotics by the Hickman catheter with an infusion pump, and warfarin was continued. There has been complete clinical resolution of infection and subclavian thrombosis. Endovascular stents are being used more commonly, and this is the first description, to our knowledge, of a stent infection. The stent infection was successfully managed without surgical removal. PMID:7645545

  1. Urgent peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis catheter dialysis.

    Lok, Charmaine E

    2016-03-01

    Worldwide, there is a steady incident rate of patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) who require renal replacement therapy. Of these patients, approximately one-third have an "unplanned" or "urgent" start to dialysis. This can be a very challenging situation where patients have either not had adequate time for education and decision making regarding dialysis modality and appropriate dialysis access, or a decision was made and plans were altered due to unforeseen circumstances. Despite such unplanned starts, clinicians must still consider the patient's ESKD "life-plan", which includes the best initial dialysis modality and access to suit the patient's individual goals and their medical, social, logistic, and facility circumstances. This paper will discuss the considerations of peritoneal dialysis and a peritoneal dialysis catheter access and hemodialysis and central venous catheter access in patients who require an urgent start to dialysis. PMID:26951906

  2. Genistein Modified Polymer Blends for Hemodialysis Membranes

    Chang, Teng; Kyu, Thein; Define, Linda; Alexander, Thomas

    2012-02-01

    A soybean-derived phytochemical called genistein was used as a modifying agent to polyether sulfone/polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PES/PVP) blends to produce multi-functional hemodialysis membranes. With the aid of phase diagrams of PES/PVP/genistein blends, asymmetric porous membranes were fabricated by coagulating in non-solvent. Both unmodified and genistein modified PES/PVP membranes were shown to be non-cytotoxic to the blood cells. Unmodified PES/PVP membranes were found to reduce reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, whereas the genistein modified membranes exhibited suppression for ˜60% of the ROS levels. Also, the genistein modified membranes revealed significant suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokines: IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF-α. Moreover, addition of PVP to PES showed the reduced trend of platelet adhesion and then leveled off. However, the modified membranes exhibited suppression of platelet adhesion at low genistein loading, but beyond 15 wt%, the platelet adhesion level rised up.

  3. CORRELATION BETWEEN ANTHROPOMETRY, BIOCHEMICAL MARKERS AND SUBJECTIVE GLOBAL ASSESSMENT DIALYSIS MALNUTRITION SCORE AS PREDICTORS OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF THE MAINTENANCE HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS

    Vanitha Rani N, S. Kavimani, Soundararajan P, Chamundeeswari D, Kannan Gopal

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Protein energy malnutrition is the major cause of poor prognostic outcome in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD. The assessment of nutritional status in patients on maintenance hemodialysis should be done both subjectively and objectively by integrating clinical, biochemical and anthropometric measurements. A study was conducted to assess the possible correlations between the subjective global assessment-dialysis malnutrition score (SGA-DMS, anthropometric measurements, and biochemical parameters in hemodialysis patients. Methods: The study included 90 patients (55 males and 35 females; age range of 25 to 73 years; mean age 52.62 11.7 years undergoing twice/thrice weekly maintenance hemodialysis for six months and above in the dialysis unit of a tertiary care teaching hospital. The MHD patients were assessed by SGA -DMS, anthropometry and biochemical indicators (serum albumin, iron, ferritin and transferrin of nutritional status. Results: According to the SGA-DMS 54.4 % were moderate to severely malnourished, 31% were mild to moderately nourished and 14.4% were well nourished. There was a highly significant negative correlation between SGA DMS and serum albumin, iron, transferrin; positive correlation between SGA-DMS and ferritin (P<0.0001. Body mass index, upper arm circumferences, and skin fold thickness had a highly significant negative correlation with SGA-DMS (P<0.001, where as the lean body mass, total body water and the fat free mass had a significant negative correlation (P<0.05. Conclusion: SGA-DMS correlated with anthropometric and biochemical parameters that are indicative of nutritional status. SGA DMS used in conjunction with other objective nutritional assessment methods may be of greater impact in determining nutritional status of hemodialysis patients.

  4. The Evaluation of Increase in Hemodialysis Frequency on C-Reactive Protein Levels and Nutritional Status

    Shokooh Sarbolouki; Hassan Nikoueinejad; Ali Reza Soleimani; Ali Akbar Rashidi

    2013-01-01

    Malnutrition and inflammation are the most important causes of cardiovascular disease in hemodialysis patients. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of increase in hemodialysis frequency on C-reactive protein (CRP) level and nutritional markers in contrast to previous routine method. 18 hemodialysis patients with a mean age of 5316 years were randomly selected in this before-and-after clinical trial. The patients under a standard hemodialysis of 3 times/4 h per week were converted...

  5. Monitoring of hemodialysis quality-of-care indicators: why is it important?

    Grang, Steven; Hanoy, Mlanie; Le Roy, Frank; Guerrot, Dominique; Godin, Michel

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Meeting specific guideline targets is associated with improved survival rates and reduced hospitalizations in the dialysis population. This prospective work evaluated the adequacy of hemodialysis quality indicators in an in-center hemodialysis population with severe comorbidities, and assessed whether clinical practice could impact intermediate outcomes. METHODS: All the chronic hemodialysis patients treated in Rouen University Hospital hemodialysis Unit between January 2009 and A...

  6. Factors Associated with Quality of Life among Hemodialysis Patients in Malaysia

    Md. Yusop, Nor Baizura; Yoke Mun, Chan; Shariff, Zalilah Mohd; Beng Huat, Choo

    2013-01-01

    Although hemodialysis treatment has greatly increased the life expectancy of end stage renal disease patients, low quality of life among hemodialysis patients is frequently reported. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the relationship between medical history, hemodialysis treatment and nutritional status with the mental and physical components of quality of life in hemodialysis patients. Respondents (n=90) were recruited from Hospital Kuala Lumpur and dialysis centres of the Nation...

  7. Video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer: a morbidity limiting approach in a patient on chronic hemodialysis and double agent antiplatelet therapy.

    Caroli, Guido; Dolci, Giampiero; Dell'Amore, Andrea; Asadi, Nizar; Greco, Domenico; Chadi, Ammari; Bini, Alessandro; Stella, Franco

    2015-03-01

    Patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis undergoing surgery for lung cancer represent a high-risk group because of electrolyte imbalance, anemia, hemodynamic instability, bleeding tendency, and immunocompromised state. We describe a patient on hemodialysis with three lung adenocarcinoma of the right lower lobe as an incidental finding during the clinical course of a myocardial infarction treated with drug-eluting stent implantation and double-agent antiplatelet therapy. Considering patient comorbidities, we decided to perform a right lower lobectomy and complete lymph node dissection by a minimally invasive technique. In our experience, the thoracoscopic approach allowed us to perform lobectomy with complete lymph nodes dissection without morbidity. The use of ultrasound scalpel permits a complete lymph node dissection minimizing bleeding even in a double antiplatelet therapy patient. PMID:23884666

  8. 21 CFR 876.5600 - Sorbent regenerated dialysate delivery system for hemodialysis.

    2010-04-01

    ... hemodialysis. 876.5600 Section 876.5600 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND....5600 Sorbent regenerated dialysate delivery system for hemodialysis. (a) Identification. A sorbent regenerated dialysate delivery system for hemodialysis is a device that is part of an artificial kidney...

  9. Variation of hemodialysis related arterial stiffness in patients with end stage renal disease

    Ariana Condor; Elena Buzdugan; Sorin Cri?an; C?t?lin Pestrea

    2009-01-01

    Objective: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patientsundergoing hemodialysis. Increased arterial stiffness is an independent predictor of cardiovascularmortality in end stage renal disease (ESRD). We hypothesized that the hemodialysis procedure itself,through alterations in electrolytes and blood volume, could contribute to the increased cardiovascular riskencountered in ESRD. Material and methods: 28 chronic hemodialysis patients were evaluated before ...

  10. Raquianestesia contínua em paciente submetido à gastrectomia parcial: relato de caso Raquianestesia continua en paciente sometido a la gastrectomía parcial: relato de caso Continuous spinal block in a patient undergoing partial gastrectomy: case report

    Patrícia Falcão Pitombo

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Devido à alta incidência de complicações técnicas e neurológicas, a raquianestesia contínua foi abandonada por muitos anos. Com o surgimento dos cateteres intermediários, a técnica vem ressurgindo e ganhando simpatia no arsenal anestesiológico. O objetivo deste relato foi resgatar a utilidade da técnica como alternativa viável para procedimento de médio a grande porte. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente feminina, 58 anos, 62 kg, estado físico ASA I, com relato de enxaqueca, lombalgia e procedimentos cirúrgicos prévios sob raquianestesia sem intercorrências. Candidata à laparotomia exploradora por provável tumor pélvico. Após venóclise com cateter 18G, monitorização com cardioscópio, pressão arterial-não invasiva e oximetria de pulso, foi sedada com midazolam 2 mg e fentanil 100 ¼g e colocada em decúbito lateral esquerdo. Foi submetida à raquianestesia contínua por via mediana em L3-L4. Foram injetados 9 mg de bupivacaína hiperbárica a 0,5% e 120 ¼g de sulfato de morfina. Após inspeção da cavidade, verificou-se que o tumor era proveniente do estroma gástrico, sendo necessária ampliação da incisão e realização de gastrectomia parcial. Todo o procedimento foi realizado com pequena dose de solução hiperbárica e completa estabilidade hemodinâmica. Não houve necessidade de UTI no pós-operatório e a paciente evoluiu sem queixas e com alto grau de satisfação. Recebeu alta hospitalar após 72 horas sem nenhuma intercorrência. CONCLUSÕES: Os cateteres intermediários utilizados em raquianestesia contínua mostram-se promissores em tornar a técnica bastante atraente e de grande utilidade em operações de médio a grande porte, podendo inclusive ser alternativa eficaz no manuseio de pacientes em estado crítico, em que grandes repercussões hemodinâmicas podem ser deletérias.JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: A causa de la elevada incidencia de las complicaciones técnicas y neurológicas, la raquianestesia continua fue abandonada durante muchos años. Con el surgimiento de los catéteres intermediarios, la técnica ha venido evolucionando nuevamente y obteniendo la simpatía en el arsenal anestesiológico. El objetivo de este relato, fue rescatar la utilidad de la técnica como una alternativa viable para el procedimiento de medio y gran porte. RELATO DEL CASO: Paciente femenina, 58 años, 62 kg, estado físico ASA I, con relato de jaqueca, lumbago y procedimientos quirúrgicos previos, bajo raquianestesia sin intercurrencias. Candidata a laparotomía exploradora por un probable tumor pélvico. Después de efectuada la venoclisis con catéter 18G, monitorización con cardioscopio, presión arterial no invasiva, y la oximetría de pulso, se le sedó con midazolam 2 mg y fentanil 100 ¼g y se le puso en decúbito lateral izquierdo. Se le sometió a la raquianestesia continua por vía mediana en L3-L4. Se le inyectaron 9 mg bupivacaína hiperbárica a 0,5% y 120 ¼g de sulfato de morfina. Después de la inspección de la cavidad, se verificó que el tumor era proveniente del estroma gástrico, siendo necesaria la ampliación de la incisión y la realización de gastrectomía parcial. Todo el procedimiento fue realizado con una pequeña dosis de solución hiperbárica y una completa estabilidad hemodinámica. No hubo necesidad de UCI en el postoperatorio y la paciente evolucionó sin quejarse y con un alto grado de satisfacción. Recibió el alta después de 72 horas sin ningún problema. CONCLUSIONES: Los catéteres intermediarios utilizados en la raquianestesia continua parecen ser promisorios en hacer con que la técnica sea bastante atractiva y de gran utilidad en operaciones de medio y gran porte, y puede incluso ser una alternativa eficaz en el manejo de pacientes en estado crítico, donde las grandes repercusiones hemodinámicas pueden ser perjudiciales.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Due to the high incidence of technical and neurological complications, continuous spinal blocks were not performed for several years. With the advent of intermediate catheters the technique has been used more often and gaining acceptance among anesthesiologists. The objective of this report was to demonstrate the usefulness of the technique as a viable alternative for medium and major size surgeries. CASE REPORT: This is a 58 years old female patient, weighing 62 kg, physical status ASA I, with a history of migraines, low back pain, and prior surgeries under spinal block without intercurrence. The patient was scheduled for exploratory laparotomy for a probable pelvic tumor. After venoclysis with an 18G catheter, monitoring with cardioscope, non-invasive blood pressure and pulse oximetry was instituted; she was sedated with 2 mg of midazolam and 100 ¼g of fentanyl, and placed in left lateral decubitus. The patient underwent continuous spinal block through the median approach in L3-L4; 9 mg of 0.5% hyperbaric bupivacaine and 120 ¼g of morphine sulfate were administered. Inspection of the abdominal cavity revealed a gastric stromal tumor that required an increase in the incision for a partial gastrectomy. A small dose of hyperbaric solution was required for the entire procedure, which was associated with complete hemodynamic stability. Postoperative admission to the ICU was not necessary; the patient presented a good evolution without complaints and with a high degree of satisfaction. She was discharged from the hospital after 72 hours without intercurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Intermediate catheters used in continuous spinal blocks have shown the potential to turn it an attractive and useful technique in medium and large size surgeries and it can even be an effective alternative in the management of critical patients to whom hemodynamic repercussions can be harmful.

  11. Aspirin in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery

    Devereaux, P J; Mrkobrada, Marko; Sessler, Daniel I; Leslie, Kate; Alonso-Coello, Pablo; Kurz, Andrea; Villar, Juan Carlos; Sigamani, Alben; Biccard, Bruce M; Meyhoff, Christian S; Parlow, Joel L; Guyatt, Gordon; Robinson, Andrea; Garg, Amit; Rodseth, Reitze N; Botto, Fernando; Lurati Buse, Giovanna; Xavier, Denis; Chan, Matthew T V; Tiboni, Maria; Cook, Deborah; Kumar, Priya A; Forget, Patrice; Malaga, German; Fleischmann, Edith; Amir, Mohammed; Eikelboom, John; Mizera, Richard; Torres, David; Wang, C Y; VanHelder, Tomas; Paniagua, Pilar; Berwanger, Otavio; Srinathan, Sadeesh; Graham, Michelle; Pasin, Laura; Le Manach, Yannick; Gao, Peggy; Pogue, Janice; Whitlock, Richard; Lamy, Andr; Kearon, Clive; Baigent, Colin; Chow, Clara; Pettit, Shirley; Chrolavicius, Susan; Yusuf, Salim; Wetterslev, Jrn; Gluud, Christian

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is substantial variability in the perioperative administration of aspirin in patients undergoing noncardiac surgery, both among patients who are already on an aspirin regimen and among those who are not. METHODS: Using a 2-by-2 factorial trial design, we randomly assigned 10......,010 patients who were preparing to undergo noncardiac surgery and were at risk for vascular complications to receive aspirin or placebo and clonidine or placebo. The results of the aspirin trial are reported here. The patients were stratified according to whether they had not been taking aspirin before the...... study (initiation stratum, with 5628 patients) or they were already on an aspirin regimen (continuation stratum, with 4382 patients). Patients started taking aspirin (at a dose of 200 mg) or placebo just before surgery and continued it daily (at a dose of 100 mg) for 30 days in the initiation stratum...

  12. Parameters of hemodialysis adequacy and patients survival depending on treatment modalities

    ?uri? Petar S.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Retrospective studies showed that hemodiafiltration was associated with a reduced risk of mortality compared with standard hemodialysis in the patients with end-stage renal disease. Recently, a few prospective randomized clinical trials found no advantage in survival with hemodiafiltration as compared with high-flux hemodialysis and low-flux hemodialysis. The aim of this study was to compare the parameters of hemodialysis adequacy and two-year survival of patients depending on the modality of hemodialysis. Material and Methods. A total of 159 hemodialysis patients were divided into 3 groups according to the type of hemodialysis treatment: group A - lowflux hemodialysis, group B - high-flux hemodialysis, and group C - hemodiafiltration. All patients had the same duration of hemodialysis sessions. The analysis included average one-year biochemical parameters, and two-year survival of patients. Results. The patients on hemodiafiltration were significantly younger, they had longer dialysis vintage and higher index of dialysis adequancy as compared with the patients on low-flux hemodialysis and high-flux hemodialysis, but without a difference between the two latter groups. Compared to the patients on low-flux hemodialysis, the patients on hemodiafiltration and high-flux hemodialysis had significantly higher hemoglobin value with less frequent erythropoietin stimulating agent use. According to Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, the patients on hemodiafiltration and high-flux hemodialysis had significantly better two-year survival than the patients on low-flux hemodialysis. Cox proportional hazards model confirmed that high-flux hemodialysis caused a significantly lower relative risk of mortality (56% reduction compared to low-flux hemodialysis (hazard ratio 0.44; P=0.026, and hemodiafiltration caused a 58% reduction in the relative risk of mortality compared to low-flux dialysis (hazard ratio 0.42; P=0.105, but without a statistical significance. Conclusion. This study has demonstrated two-year survival benefit with high-flux hemodialysis and hemodiafiltration compared with low-flux hemodialysis. There was no difference in survival between high-flux hemodialysis and hemodiafiltration groups.

  13. The Effect of the Type of Hemodialysis Buffer on the QTc Interval in Patients on Chronic Hemodialysis

    Reza Hekmat

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Identifying the sources of variation in QTc measurementsis important for preventing arrhythmias during and afterhemodialysis. The present study was designed to determine thecorrelation between the type of hemodialysis buffer and thechanges in QTc interval in patients on chronic hemodialysis.Methods: Fifty-nine patients on chronic hemodialysis whoreferred in winter 2007 to hemodialysis centers of Ghaem andHashemi Nejad hospitals, in Mashhad, Iran, were divided intotwo groups according to their last dialysate buffer: acetate orbicarbonate. Electrocardiography, arterial blood gas parameters,serum K+, Na+, ionized calcium, and albumin levels weremeasured prior to and after hemodialysis in all patients.Results: All arterial blood gas parameters and serum electrolytesconcentrations were increased except K+ levels that weresignificantly decreased with hemodialysis. PCO2 and QTc intervalswere slightly increased in all patients, however thisincrease was not statistically significant. We found that thetype of dialysate affected the QTc interval, HCO3, base excess,base excess of extra cellular fluid, and base bufferchanges with no effect on ionized calcium, pH, PCO2, andserum albumin concentration. QTc interval was prolonged byusing bicarbonate and shortened by using acetate dialysatebuffer. We found no correlation between the variations of QTcinterval and serum electrolytes or arterial blood gas parametersin either group.Conclusion: Bicarbonate buffer use in hemodialysis prolongedQTc interval and acetate buffer shortened it. This effectis independent of serum electrolytes and pH changes duringhemodialysis. The effect of bicarbonate buffer is probablydue to more tolerability of ultra filtration, more effectiveedema reduction and augmented body electro-conductivity.

  14. Microbiological Analysis of Hemodialysis Water in a Developing Country.

    Heidarieh, Parvin; Hashemi Shahraki, Abodolrazagh; Yaghoubfar, Rezvan; Hajehasani, Azadeh; Mirsaeidi, Mehdi

    2016-01-01

    Microbiological control of hemodialysis fluid is important for the prevention of hemodialysis-associated illness. Bacterial populations inhabiting a distribution system for hemodialysis water were studied over a 4 month period in five hospitals (one in Tehran, and the others at Alborz). All the samples from the four hospitals at Alborz had colony counts of ≥100 CFU/ml, which at different points of sampling were higher than the maximum recommended values. A total of 80 samples taken at different points in each hospital's hemodialysis distribution system were collected, and 229 planktonic bacteria isolated on R2A medium. No growth was detected by culturing the samples on Blood agar or Mueller-Hinton agar, according to routine procedures currently used in the five hospitals. A representative of isolates from each of 45 different morphotypes were identified using 16S RNA sequencing. A diverse bacterial community, containing predominantly gram-positive members of Kocuria, Arthrobacter and Staphylococcus and Mycobacterium, was detected. Bacteria from the genera Acinetobacter, Burkholderia, Halomonas, Herbaspirillum, Pseudomonas, and Sphingomonas were identified, which has been described in the build-up of biofilms. Some of the species reported here may represent a health risk to patients receiving hemodialysis treatment. In conclusion, it is recommended that standard protocols for evaluation of microbial contamination be used for regular monitoring and identification of culturable bacteria. PMID:26919181

  15. Nurse Manager Safety Practices in Outpatient Hemodialysis Units.

    Thomas-Hawkins, Charlotte; Flynn, Linda; Lindgren, Teri G; Weaver, Susan

    2015-01-01

    Little is known regarding the specific managerial activities or best practices that nurse managers in outpatient hemodialysis settings use to achieve positive safety outcomes. The purpose of this study was to identify and describe specific managerial practices used by nurse managers in outpatient hemodialysis units to enhance patient safety and quality of care. A descriptive qualitative design was used. Seventeen nurse managers in outpatient hemodialysis units comprised the study sample. Telephone interviews were conducted, and qualitative content analysis was used to encode the data. Nurse managers identified patients, staff, the dialysis unit environment, and the dialysis organization as sources of safety risks. Nurse manager safety practices illuminated from the data were complex and multifaceted, and were aimed at reducing patient, staff environmental, and organization risks. The findings from this study offer a description and a better understanding of the practices in which nurse managers in outpatient hemodialysis units engage to keep patients safe in their units, and they underscore the critical role of nurse managers in creating and maintaining patient safety within outpatient hemodialysis settings. PMID:26207274

  16. Total body and regional bone mineral content in hemodialysis patients

    Bone mineral content (BMC) in the total body and lumbar spine was evaluated in 126 hemodialysis patients (60 males, 66 females) by dual photon absorptiometry with the Norland DBD 2600. Measurements of: 1) total body BMC divided by lean body mass (BMCTB/LBM), 2) bone mineral density (BMD) of total body, 3) BMD of four regional sections (head, trunk, pelvis, and legs), and 4) BMD of lumbar spine, generally showed a significant decrease in the hemodialysis patients compared to the reference population. However, arm BMD did not show a significant difference between patients and control populations. The z-score of BMCTB/LBM declined significantly throughout the duration of hemodialysis, although that of the lumbar spine BMD did not. It should be noted that the degree of decrease in BMC was more prominent in the total body measurement than in the lumbar spine measurement. There was preferential osteopenia of the total body in the hemodialysis patients. Although the lumbar spine BMD showed a lower value than the control population, the lumbar spine is not the recommended region to monitor the BMD change in hemodialysis patients. (author)

  17. Phosphorus Removal in Low-Flux Hemodialysis, High-Flux Hemodialysis, and Hemodiafiltration.

    Švára, František; Lopot, František; Valkovský, Ivo; Pecha, Ondřej

    2016-01-01

    Phosphorus removal by hemoelimination procedure is a important mechanism to maintain phosphorus level in acceptable level in patients on dialysis. Phosphorus is removed by both diffusion and convection, but in clinical practice, it is not possible to differentiate the contribution of this two transport modalities. We used Gutzwiller formula to quantify the amount of removed phosphorus and compared it in low-flux hemodialysis (LFHD), high-flux hemodialysis (HFHD), and on-line hemodiafiltration (HDF). There were no significant differences in phosphorus predialysis concentration, duration of procedure, processed blood volume and ultrafiltration, e.g., factors, which could possibly influence phosphorus elimination. All three tested dialysis modes also did not differ in urea dialysis dose (Kt/V) as a parameter of small molecular weight removal (LFHD, 1.50 ± 0.04 vs HFHD, 1.5 ± 0.06 vs HDF, 1.5 ± 0.05). The amount of removed phosphorus in LFHD, HFHD, and HDF was 34.0 ± 1.2, 37.8 ± 1.6, and 38.3 ± 1.4 mmol, respectively. Statistically significant increase in phosphorus removal was seen only with use of high-flux membrane (HFHD and HDF) when compared with the low-flux one. No difference was, however, found between HFHD and HDF. It can thus be concluded that phosphorus removal in all three dialysis modes is a predominantly diffusive issue and contribution of convection to it is minor to negligible. PMID:26579979

  18. Population Pharmacokinetics of Bisoprolol in Hemodialysis Patients with Hypertension.

    Nikolic, Valentina N; Jankovic, Slobodan M; Dimitrijevic, Zorica M; Sokolovic, Miodrag J; Andric, Branislav R; Petrovic, Dejan S; Jevtovic-Stoimenov, Tatjana; Zivanovic, Slavoljub; Milovanovic, Jasmina R

    2016-01-01

    The aim of our study was to estimate clearance of bisoprolol and reveal the factors that could influence its pharmacokinetic (PK) variability in hypertensive patients on hemodialysis, using the population PK analysis. Parameters associated with plasma concentration of bisoprolol at steady state were analyzed in 63 patients (mean age 62.12 years, mean total weight 69.63 kg) who were hypertensive and on hemodialysis due to severe renal failure using non-linear mixed-effect modeling with ADVAN1 subroutine. The final regression model for the clearance of the drug included only creatinine clearance (CLcr) out of 12 tested covariates. The equation that describes CL of bisoprolol is the following: CL (l/h) = 0.12 + 6.33 * CLcr. These findings suggest that the routine measuring of serum creatinine level may be used to facilitate administration of bisoprolol in patients on hemodialysis. PMID:26736018

  19. Elimination of Gd-DTPA by means of hemodialysis

    After intravenous administration of Gd-DTPA (0.1 mmol/kg) hemodialysis was performed five times within 6 days in a patient with endstage renal failure. During the fifth hemodialysis a blood sample of 5 ml was withdrawn and Gd-concentration was measured in plasma at 342.247 nm using the method of Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry. Gd-concentration measured in venous and arterial blood was 6x10-6 mol/liter, corresponding to 1.5 per cent of the dose administered. If these data can be confirmed in more patients with endstage renal failure, this is the proof of effective hemodialysis of Gd-DTPA in a clinical setting. (author). 14 refs.; 1 tab

  20. Disappearance of diabetic macular hard exudates after hemodialysis introduction.

    Matsuo,Toshihiko

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available

    We report herein the disappearance of macular hard exudates after the introduction of hemodialysis in diabetic patients. A 62-year-old woman and a 52-year-old man with diabetes mellitus showed hard exudates in the macula of the left eyes. Both patients had previously undergone panretinal photocoagulation in both eyes. During the follow-up, hemodialysis was introduced for deteriorating chronic renal failure caused by diabetic nephropathy. Half a year later, macular hard exudates in the left eyes disappeared dramatically in both patients, but the visual acuity remained the same. No additional laser treatment was done during the observation period. Hemodialysis is considered to have accelerated the resolution of macular hard exudates in both patients. The deposition of macular hard exudates in diabetic patients is due in part to concurrent poor renal function.

  1. Electrocardiographic manifestations of hyperkalemia in hemodialysis patients

    Nemati Eghlim

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was performed to evaluate whether any electrocardiogram (ECG para-meter can predict the presence of hyperkalemia in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD. In January 2006, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 80 stable patients with end-stage renal disease from four university-based HD units of Tehran, Iran, receiving conventional thrice-weekly HD. Pre-HD serum electrolyte values and conventional 12-lead ECG were obtained from each pa-tient. Bivariate linear regression was used for assessing relationship of the study variables with hyperkalemia (K + > 5.2 mg/dL. Multivariable logistic regression was used for evaluating inde-pendent relationship between decreased T wave duration (≤ 170 ms and other variables. Bivariate correlation analysis showed a significant inverse correlation between serum potassium concentration and T wave duration (P < 0.05. None of the patients with serum potassium of ≥ 5.6 mg/dL had T wave duration > 200 ms. Multivariate logistic analysis, after adjustment for other factors, also showed a significant relationship between decreased T wave duration (≤ 170 ms and hyper-kalemia. We conclude that although hyperkalemia does not induce the usual ECG changes in HD patients, decreased T wave duration was found to be a good indicator of this lethal condition.

  2. The current status of hemodialysis in Baghdad

    Ali J.H. Al-Saedy

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to assess the different aspects of hemodialysis (HD in Baghdad in-cluding the population on dialysis, dialysis dose, nutritional status, and comobidities. We studied the HD patients recruited from five major hospitals in Baghdad from July 2008 to February 2009. There were 86 patients (mean age 46.05 14.28 years. We evaluated their social status, co-morbidities, adequacy of dialysis, and nutritional status. The mean duration of patients on HD was 2.2 years, only 14% are currently employed, hepatitis was present in 43%, and other co-morbidities were present in 35%. Dialysis time was 6.4 1.9 hours/week and Kt/V was 1.02 0.2. Malnutrition was present in 63.5% of patients (moderate in 45.9% and severe in 17.6% with no significant sex difference. We conclude that dialysis in Baghdad is below the standards with low adequacy and frequency of sessions. Malnutrition is prevalent, especially the severe forms, and requires more attention and re-evaluation of the dialysis prescription.

  3. Malnutrition predicting factors in hemodialysis patients

    Jahromi Soodeh

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Malnutrition is a predictor of increased mortality in chronic hemodialysis (HD patients. Various factors may contribute to malnutrition in these patients including energy and protein intake, inflammation, and comorbidity. To determine the importance of these factors in malnutrition of chronic HD patients, we studied 112 chronic HD patients in two centers was evaluated with the Dialysis Malnutrition Score (DMS and anthropometric and biochemical indices. Seventy six (67.8% patients were classified as malnourished. According to DMS score, poor protein intake (r= -0.34, P< 0.01, comorbidities (r= -0.24, P< 0.05, poor energy intake (r= - 0.18, P< 0.005, and inflammation (r= -0.16, P< 0.05 were significant predictors of malnutrition in descending order of importance. Multiple regression analysis showed that only poor protein intake was the explanatory variable of anthropometric measurements decline including body mass index, triceps skin fold thick-ness, mid arm circumference, mid arm muscle circumference, fat free mass, fat mass, albumin, creatinine and transferrine. None of the mentioned factors predicted the decrease of biochemical markers. We conclude that the frequency of malnutrition is high in our population and poor protein intake is the primary contributing factor for this condition. There-fore, providing enough protein may be a simple and effective way in preventing malnutrition in these patients.

  4. [Follow up of patients in chronic hemodialysis].

    Bares, C

    1979-03-01

    Stemming from the evident need of psychological aid for this patients and in order to alleviate the suffering that causes psychiatric syntoms which endanger the survival chances or even worsen a situation which is in itself discouraging, 102 cases were studied trying to determine the possible causes of pathological behavior. The bibliography on the subject was evaluated and the follow-up of the group from our own practice was described. The patients were followed-up with a psychosomatic approach considering each as a hole conducting periodical interviews and administering psychological treatment and drugs. Follow-up of the relatives was done according to necessity. It was observed that these patients need a high tolerance to frustration and to be able to establish a relation of close dependence with a relative and/or the physician. The greatest problem is in the adequate and proper handling of the agression generated by the characteristics of the treatment. The phsychological training of the specialists in hemodialysis and their contact with a team of psychiatrist is of great importance. All of the 22 patients that did not receive transplants presented depression reactions, 2 experienced sexual impotence and 4 were successful in their suicidal behaviours. PMID:547684

  5. Intradialytic Hypoxemia in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients.

    Campos, Israel; Chan, Lili; Zhang, Hanjie; Deziel, Sheila; Vaughn, Cheryl; Meyring-Wsten, Anna; Kotanko, Peter

    2016-01-01

    When kidney failure occurs, patients are at risk for fluid overload states, which can cause pulmonary edema, pleural effusions, and upper airway obstruction. Kidney disease is also associated with impaired respiratory function, as in central sleep apnea or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Hence, respiratory and renal diseases are frequently coexisting. Hypoxemia is the terminal pathway of a multitude of respiratory pathologies. The measurement of oxygen saturation (SO2) is a basic and commonly used tool in clinical practice. Both arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2) can be easily obtained in hemodialysis (HD) patients, SaO2 from an arteriovenous access and ScvO2 from a central catheter. Here, we give a brief overview of the anatomy and physiology of the respiratory system, and the different technologies that are currently available to measure oxygen status in dialysis patients. We then focus on literature regarding intradialytic SaO2 and ScvO2. Lastly, we present clinical vignettes of intradialytic drops in SaO2 and ScvO2 in association with different symptoms and clinical scenarios with an emphasis on the pathophysiology of these cases. Given the fact that in the general population hypoxemia is associated with adverse outcomes, including increased mortality, cardiac arrhythmias and cardiovascular events, we posit that intradialytic SO2 may serve as a potential marker to identify HD patients at increased risk for morbidity and mortality. PMID:26765143

  6. Trace elements in renal disease and hemodialysis

    Miura, Yoshinori; Nakai, Keiko; Suwabe, Akira; Sera, Koichiro

    2002-04-01

    A number of considerations suggest that trace element disturbances might occur in patients with renal disease and in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Using particle induced X-ray emission, we demonstrated the relations between serum concentration, urinary excretion of the trace elements and creatinine clearance (Ccr) in randomized 50 patients. To estimate the effects of HD, we also observed the changes of these elements in serum and dialysis fluids during HD. Urinary silicon excretion decreased, and serum silicon concentration increased as Ccr decreased, with significant correlation ( r=0.702, p<0.001 and r=0.676, p<0.0001, respectively). We also observed the increase of serum silicon, and the decrease of silicon in dialysis fluids during HD. These results suggested that reduced renal function and also dialysis contributed to silicon accumulation. Although serum selenium decreased significantly according to Ccr decrease ( r=0.452, p<0.01), we could detect no change in urinary selenium excretion and no transfer during HD. Serum bromine and urinary excretion of bromine did not correlate to Ccr. However we observed a bromine transfer from the serum to the dialysis fluid that contributed to the serum bromine decrease in HD patients.

  7. Hepatitis B virus reactivation after treatment for hepatitis C in hemodialysis patients with HBV/HCV coinfection

    Raul Carlos Wahle

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTIn coinfected HBV/HCV patients, HBV replication is usually suppressed by HCV over the time. No study to date has evaluated the HBV viremia in long-term follow-up after HCV treatment in hemodialysis patients with HBV/HCV coinfection. This study aimed to assess the evolution of HBV viremia after HCV treatment in this special population. Ten hemodialysis patients with HBV/HCV coinfection with dominant HCV infection (HBV lower than 2000 IU/mL and significant fibrosis were treated with interferon-alpha 3 MU 3×/week for 12 months and could be followed for at least 36 months after HCV treatment. Six cases of HBV reactivation (60% during follow-up were observed and 5/6 had been successfully treated for HCV. Patients with HBV reactivation received anti-HBV therapy. Our preliminary findings indicate that treatment of hepatitis C in HBV/HCV coinfected hemodialysis patients may favor HBV reactivation. Thus, continued monitoring of HBV viremia must be recommended and prompt anti-HBV therapy should be implemented.

  8. Effect of ANF and iPTH on hypotension during hemodialysis

    To study the effect of ANF and iPTH on hypotension during hemodialysis, the serum ANF and iPTH levels of 36 maintenance hemodialysis patients were detected by radioimmunoassay and immunoradiometricassay. Results showed that both ANF and iPTH average levels in hemodialysis patients were markedly higher than those in normal controls (P<0.01), and decreased significantly after hemodialysis (P<0.01). Before hemodialysis, both ANF and iPTH levels in hypotensive patients were significantly higher than those in normotensive patients (P<0.05). After hemodialysis in hypotensive patients, ANF levels decreased significantly (P<0.05), and iPTH levels increased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusions: The high serum level of ANF and iPTH might be related to hypotension during hemodialysis

  9. Blood leptin levels and erythropoietin requirement in Iranian hemodialysis patients

    Rahimi A

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Anemia is a common complication accompanied by high morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Considering the fact that the reduction of erythropoietin (EPO synthesis is the main cause of uremic anemia, receiving recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO can improve the condition in these patients. Some of these hemodialysis patients, however, have acceptable hemoglobin levels without any need to EPO. Higher BMI, higher albumin and leptin plasma levels and longer durations of hemodialysis are possible factors contributing to the reduced need for rHuEPO in these patients. The present study is designed to asses the relationship between the plasma levels of leptin and the reduced EPO need. "nMethods: Fifty eligible hemodialysis patients with hemoglobin levels higher than 11 mg/dl were enrolled in the cross-sectional study. The information on age, sex, hemodialysis duration and the cause of renal dysfunction were extracted from the files. The baseline plasma levels of Leptin and albumin were measured. The patients BMI and the weekly need for rHuEPO were also calculated. "nResults: There was no correlation between the weekly need for rHuEPO and sex, BMI, the cause of renal dysfunction and the plasma levels of albumin and leptin; it, however, was related with age and the duration of dialysis. While age negatively influences the weekly need, the duration of dialysis has a positive effect on the need. "nConclusion: The plasma levels of leptin are not directly correlated with the required amounts of rHuEPO, indicating that leptin is not an effective factor in erythropoiesis. Conversely, older age and shorter hemodialysis durations are accompanied by reduced need for rHuEPO.

  10. Cardiac and vascular structure and function parameters do not improve with alternate nightly home hemodialysis: An interventional cohort study

    Johnson David W

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Nightly extended hours hemodialysis may improve left ventricular hypertrophy and function and endothelial function but presents problems of sustainability and increased cost. The effect of alternate nightly home hemodialysis (NHD on cardiovascular structure and function is not known. Methods Sixty-three patients on standard hemodialysis (SHD: 3.5-6 hours/session, 3-5 sessions weekly converted to NHD (6-10 hours/session overnight for 3-5 sessions weekly. 2Dimensional transthoracic echocardiography and ultrasound measures of brachial artery reactivity (BAR, carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT, total arterial compliance (TAC and augmentation index (AIX were performed post dialysis at baseline and 18-24 months following conversion to NHD. In 37 patients, indices of oxidative stress: plasma malonyldialdehyde (MDA and anti-oxidant enzymes: catalase (CAT, glutathione peroxidase (GPX and superoxide dismutase (SOD activity and total antioxidant status (TAS were measured at baseline, 3 and 6 months. Results Left ventricular mass index (LVMI remained stable. Despite significant derangement at baseline, there were no changes in diastolic function measures, CIMT, BAR and TAC. AIX increased. Conversion to NHD improved bone mineral metabolism parameters and blood pressure control. Interdialytic weight gains increased. No definite improvements in measures of oxidative stress were demonstrated. Conclusions Despite improvement in uremic toxin levels and some cardiovascular risk factors, conversion to an alternate nightly NHD regimen did not improve cardiovascular structure and function. Continuing suboptimal control of uremic toxins and interdialytic weight gains may be a possible explanation. This study adds to the increasing uncertainty about the nature of improvement in cardiovascular parameters with conversion to intensive hemodialysis regimens. Future randomized controlled trials will be important to determine whether increases in dialysis session duration, frequency or both are most beneficial for improving cardiovascular disease whilst minimizing costs and the impact of dialysis on quality of life.

  11. 131I therapy for toxic adenoma in patient on hemodialysis

    Treatment with radioactive iodine (131I) may be necessary for toxic adenoma of the thyroid in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who require hemodialysis (HD). Because 131I is cleared mainly by the kidneys in patients with normal renal function, many issues arise as in patients who require 131I treatment but who are on hemodialysis, as radiation safety considerations, contamination of equipment, lines and filter and disposal of wastes. This paper presents a case report of a patient on dialysis that required treatment with 131I. (author)

  12. Surgical site infection rates in dialysis patients undergoing endovascular procedures.

    Urbanes, Aris Q; Litchfield, Terry; Graham, Kevin; Hutyra, Carolyn A

    2015-10-01

    A surgical site infection (SSI) is an infection related to surgery that develops within 30 days after an operation or within 1 year of implant placement. Postoperative SSIs are the most common health-care-associated infections, occurring in up to 5% of surgical patients. Endovascular surgical procedures related to vascular access are common in the dialysis population and may cause SSIs. A large outpatient vascular access system developed and implemented a surveillance program to measure and monitor SSIs in their population. The health-care surveillance system extended to 76 ambulatory care centers across the United States and Puerto Rico. Based on a recorded 92,880 patient encounters, the surveillance system tabulated 12,541 valid patient survey responses documenting self-reported symptoms of infection within a 30-day postoperative period. The SSI rate was tabulated based on the presence of two or more specified indicators of infection: antibiotics, pus, dehiscence, pain, warmth, and swelling. Patients undergoing interventional procedures received surveys at discharge. Data were collected and analyzed using SPSS software. Survey analysis indicated a less than 3% superficial incisional SSI rate in hemodialysis patients undergoing endovascular procedures. The SSI rate for clean wound procedures is generally 2% or less. These data indicate that dialysis patients undergoing interventional procedures in vascular access centers may have a slightly greater risk of developing SSIs due to the presence of additional risk factors including obesity, diabetes, and age. This study was limited by a set of loose diagnostic criteria self-reported by patients, which may have overestimated the prevalence of infection. SSIs are a serious medical problem associated with increased morbidity and mortality and increased medical care costs. All providers should consider an active surveillance program following endovascular procedures given the comorbidities associated with the dialysis population. PMID:26448384

  13. Effect of flow adjustment dialysate (Qd hemodialysis on effectiveness of underweight patients

    Daniel Ducuara

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available KDOQI guidelines in 2006 using standard dialysis adequacy Kt/V, where V is volume of distributionof urea, underweight patients have lower total body water, lower V, which couldreduce the requirement without affecting Qd the efficiency of dialysis. Objective: to evaluatethe effect on the adequacy of dialysis Qd reduction occurs in patients weighing less than orequal to 60 kg who are on hemodialysis. Methodology: patients with chronic kidney diseaseon hemodialysis regularly with weight less than or equal to 60 kg of a renal clinic to evaluatetwo periods I and II, were continued therapy parameters with decrease of Qd for the secondperiod. The variables were collected directly by the researchers of the history. The values thusobtained would be compared using t test or paired variables, and statistical significance of thetest below 0,05. Results: we included 61 patients, 60.7% female, mean age 57,3 years (SD 14,8.Average age of men 60.1 (SD 13,9 and women was 55,9 (SD 15,4. There were no statisticallysignificant differences for the variables Kt/V, Hemoglobin and there was a significant reductionin the phosphorus levels. Conclusions: this study demonstrates that adequate therapy is achievedwith less than Qd traditional standards, with 400 ml/min in patients with low weight as long asyou keep the other parameters of renal substitution.

  14. Acquired cystic disease and renal cell carcinoma in hemodialysis patients: A case report on three patients

    Mijušković Mirjana

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC is derived from renal tubular epithelial cells and represents approximately 3.8% of all malignancies in adults. The incidence of renal cell carcinoma has been growing steadily and ranging from 0.6 to 14.7 for every 100,000 inhabitants. Patients with end-stage renal disease and acquired cystic kidney disease are at increased risk of developing RCC while undergoing dialysis treatment or after renal transplantation. Case report. We presented 3 patients undergoing hemodialysis, with acquired cystic kidney disease accompanied by the development of RCC. In all the patients tumor was asymptomatic and discovered through ultrasound screening in 2 patients and in 1 of the patients by post-surgery pathohistological analysis of the tissue of the kidney excised using nephrectomy. All the three patients had organ-limited disease at the time of the diagnosis and they did not require additional therapy after surgical treatment. During the follow- up after nephrectomy from 6 months to 7 years, local recurrence or metastasis of RCC were not diagnosed. Conclusion. Acquired cystic kidney disease represents a predisposing factor for the development of renal cell carcinoma in dialysis patients and requires regular ultrasound examinations of the abdomen aimed at early diagnosis of malignancies. Prognosis for patients with endstage renal disease and RCC is mostly good because these tumors are usually of indolent course.

  15. The effect of hemodialysis on right ventricular functions in patients with end-stage renal failure

    Mehmet Akkaya

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of hemodialysis (HD on right ventricular echocardiographic parameters in patients with end-stage renal failure (ESRF. Methods: Forty-three uremic patients who underwent echocardiography before and 30 minutes after dialysis included in this prospective observational study. Right ventricular systolic function was evaluated using tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE by M-mode echocardiography and tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity (Sa by tissue Doppler echocardiography whereas diastolic function was evaluated using tricuspid early (E and late (A diastolic flow velocities by conventional and tricuspid lateral annular early (Ea and late (Aa diastolic velocities by tissue Doppler echocardiography. Myocardial performance index was taken as an indicator of global functions. Paired t test or Wilcoxon test were used for statistical analysis where appropriate.Results: E decreased significantly (6813 cm/s and 5612 cm/s before and after HD, respectively; p<0.0001 but A did not (p=0.797.TAPSE was 1.840.34 cm before HD and showed a significant increase to 2.030.20 cm after HD (p=0.006. Right ventricular MPI, Sa and Aa did not change significantly by dialysis (p=0.504; p=0.118 and p=0.150 respectively whereas Ea decreased to 8.82.5 cm/s from 11.33.4 cm/s (p<0.001. Ea/Aa ratio also decreased significantly to 0.690.35 from 0.840.44 with HD (p=0.007.Conclusion: The results of this study indicates that parameters of right ventricular systolic function such as Sa and MPI are independent of preload whereas the conventional and tissue Doppler parameters of right ventricular diastolic function are preload dependent in patients with end-stage renal failure who undergo regular hemodialysis.

  16. Induction of IL-1 during hemodialysis: Transmembrane passage of intact endotoxins (LPS)

    Circulating monocytes of patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis are triggered to produce interleukin-1 (IL-1) in vivo. Intradialytic induction of IL-1 is associated with complement activation in patients dialyzed with first-use cellulose membranes. Chronic stimulation of IL-1 production occurs because of an yet unidentified mechanism in patients dialyzed with high permeability membranes. The present study demonstrates that intact bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) molecules may cross cuprophan, AN69 and polysulfone membranes under in vitro conditions simulating in vivo hemodialysis. The experiments used purified LPS from Neisseria meningitidis and LPS from Pseudomonas testosteroni, a bacterial strain grown out from a clinically used dialysate. LPS were purified to homogeneity and radiolabeled. Transmembrane passage of 3H-labeled LPS was observed within the first five minutes of dialysis. A total of 0.1 to 1% of 3H-labeled LPS were recovered in the dialysate compartment after one hour of dialysis. High amounts of LPS, representing 40 to 70% of the amount originally present in the dialysate, were absorbed onto high permeability membranes. Low amounts of LPS were absorbed onto cuprophan membranes. The amount of LPS absorbed decreased with the concentration of LPS in the dialysate. LPS recovered from the blood compartment exhibited the same molecular weight as that used to contaminate the dialysate. Biochemically detectable transmembrane passage of LPS was not associated with that of material detectable using the limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) assay. An IL-1-inducing activity was, however, detected in the blood compartment upon dialysis with high permeability membranes, as previously found by others with cuprophan membranes

  17. Advantage of 123I-BMIPP myocardial scintigraphy for assessing coronary artery disease in maintenance hemodialysis patients

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) contributes to high mortality rate in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) using 201Thallium (Tl) or 99mTechnetium-labeled tracers has been used to detect CAD, but they require physical or pharmacological stress loading. Resting SPECT using an iodinated fatty acid analogue, 15-(p-[I-123]-iodophenyl)-3-(R,S) methylpentadecanoic acid (123I-BMIPP), can assess fatty acid metabolism in the myocardium. We investigated the ability of 123I-BMIPP SPECT to detect CAD in hemodialysis patients, and compared with 201Tl SPECT. We prospectively enrolled 130 ESRD patients undergoing hemodialysis with a mean duration of 88.6 months (male/female 77/53, mean age 63.8 years). Dual SPECT using 123I-BMIPP and 201Tl was performed, which was followed by coronary angiography (CAG). SPECT imaging was evaluated and graded in 17 segments using a five-point scale (0=normal, 4=absence). Final assessment was based on the summed score. On CAG, 71.5% of patients (93/130) showed a significant coronary stenosis (≥75%), and 5 patients showed coronary spasm without coronary stenosis. When a BMIPP summed score of 6 or more was defined as abnormal. Its sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for detecting CAD by BMIPP SPECT were 98.0, 65.6, and 90.0%, respectively. In contrast, these parameters for detecting CAD by Tl SPECT were 84.7, 46.9, and 75.0%, respectively, when a Tl summed score of 1 or more was defined as abnormal. In receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the area under the curve indicating the ability diagnose CAD was 0.895 in BMIPP and 0.727 in Tl SPECT. Resting BMIPP SPECT imaging is superior to Tl SPECT for detecting coronary lesions, and provides safe screening for CAD among maintenance hemodialysis patients. (author)

  18. Perceived illness intrusion among patients on hemodialysis

    Dialysis therapy is extremely stressful as it interferes with all spheres of daily activities of the patients. This study is aimed at understanding the perceived illness intrusion among patients on hemodialysis (HD) and to find the association between illness intrusion and patient demo-graphics as well as duration of dialysis. A cross sectional study involving 90 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage V, on HD was performed during the period from 2005 to 2006. The subjects included were above 18 years of age, willing, stable and on dialysis for at least two months. Patients with psychiatric co-morbidity were excluded. A semi-structured interview schedule covering sociodemographics and a 13 item illness intrusion checklist covering the various aspects of life was carried out. The study patients were asked to rate the illness intrusion and the extent. The data were analyzed statistically. The mean age of the subjects was 50.28 + - 13.69 years, males were predominant (85%), 73% were married, 50% belonged to Hindu religion, 25% had pre-degree education, 25% were employed and 22% were housewives. About 40% and 38% of the study patients belonged to middle and upper socio-economic strata respectively; 86% had urban background and lived in nuclear families. The mean duration on dialysis was 24 + - 29.6 months. All the subjects reported illness intrusion to a lesser or greater extent in various areas including: health (44%), work (70%) finance (55%), diet (50%) sexual life (38%) and psychological status (25%). Illness had not intruded in areas of relationship with spouse (67%), friends (76%), family (79%), social (40%) and religious functions (72%). Statistically significant association was noted between illness intrusion and occupation (P= 0.02). (author)

  19. Restless legs syndrome in patients on hemodialysis

    Saleh Mohammad Yaser Salman

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Restless legs syndrome (RLS is common among dialysis patients, with a reported prevalence of 6-60%. The prevalence of RLS in Syrian patients on hemodialysis (HD is not known. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of RLS in patients on regular HD, and to find the possible correlation between the presence of RLS and demographic, clinical, and biochemical factors. One hundred and twenty-three patients (male/female = 70/53, mean age = 41.95 ± 15.11 years on HD therapy at the Aleppo University Hospital were enrolled into the study. RLS was diagnosed based on criteria established by the International Restless Legs Syn-drome Study Group (IRLSSG. Data procured were compared between patients with and without RLS. Applying the IRLSSG criteria for the diagnosis, RLS was seen in 20.3% of the study pa-tients. No significant difference in age, gender, and intake of nicotine and caffeine was found between patients with and without the RLS. Similarly, there was no difference between the two groups in the duration of end-stage renal disease (ESRD, the period of dialysis dependence, dialysis adequacy, urea and creatinine levels, and the presence of anemia. The co-morbidities and the use of drugs also did not differ in the two groups. Our study suggests that the high prevalence of RLS among patients on HD requires careful attention and correct diagnosis can lead to better therapy and better quality of life. The pathogenesis of RLS is not clear and further studies are required to identify any possible cause as well as to discover the impact of this syndrome on sleep, quality of life, and possibly other complications such as cardiovasculare disease.

  20. Peripheral Stent Placement in Hemodialysis Grafts

    The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of peripheral stent placement after failed balloon angioplasty in patients with grafts who are on hemodialysis. We examined 30 Wallstents that were placed in 26 patients because balloon angioplasty failed or early restenosis (<3 months) occurred within 3 months. We retrospectively reviewed 267 consecutive balloon angioplasties performed in 71 patients with graft access between August 2000 and March 2007. Stent placements accounted for 30 (11.2%) of the 267 balloon angioplasties. The clinical success rate of stent placement was 93.3% (28 of 30 stent placements). The 3-, 6-, and 12-month primary patency rates were 73.3%, 39.3%, and 17.7%, respectively. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year secondary patency rates were 90.2%, 83.8%, and 83.8%, respectively. Primary patency was significantly prolonged by stent placement after early restenosis compared with previous balloon angioplasty alone (P = 0.0059). Primary patency after stent placement was significantly lower than after successful balloon angioplasty without indications for stent placement (P = 0.0279). Secondary patency rates did not significantly differ between stent placement and balloon angioplasty alone. The mean number of reinterventions required to maintain secondary patency after stent placement was significantly larger than that after balloon angioplasty alone (Mann-Whitney U test, P = 0.0419). We concluded that peripheral stent placement for graft access is effective for salvaging vascular access after failed balloon angioplasty and for prolonging patency in early restenosis after balloon angioplasty. However, reinterventions are required to maintain secondary patency after stent placement. Furthermore, peripheral stent placement for graft access cannot achieve the same primary patency as balloon angioplasty alone.

  1. Perceived illness intrusion among patients on hemodialysis

    Bapat Usha

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Dialysis therapy is extremely stressful as it interferes with all spheres of daily acti-vities of the patients. This study is aimed at understanding the perceived illness intrusion among pa-tients on hemodialysis (HD and to find the association between illness intrusion and patient demo-graphics as well as duration of dialysis. A cross sectional study involving 90 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD stage V, on HD was performed during the period from 2005 to 2006. The subjects included were above 18 years of age, willing, stable and on dialysis for at least two months. Patients with psychiatric co-morbidity were excluded. A semi-structured interview schedule covering socio-demographics and a 13 item illness intrusion checklist covering the various aspects of life was ca-rried out. The study patients were asked to rate the illness intrusion and the extent. The data were ana-lyzed statistically. The mean age of the subjects was 50.28 ± 13.69 years, males were predominant (85%, 73% were married, 50% belonged to Hindu religion, 25% had pre-degree education, 25% were employed and 22% were housewives. About 40% and 38% of the study patients belonged to middle and upper socio-economic strata respectively; 86% had urban background and lived in nuclear fami-lies. The mean duration on dialysis was 24 ± 29.6 months. All the subjects reported illness intrusion to a lesser or greater extent in various areas including: health (44%, work (70% finance (55%, diet (50% sexual life (38% and psychological status (25%. Illness had not intruded in areas of rela-tionship with spouse (67%, friends (76%, family (79%, social (40% and religious functions (72%. Statistically significant association was noted between illness intrusion and occupation (P= 0.02.

  2. Influence of polysulfone and hemophan hemodialysis membranes on phagocytes

    Kubala, Lukáš; Číž, Milan; Soška, V.; Černý, J.; Lojek, Antonín

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 21, č. 4 (2002), s. 367-380. ISSN 0231-5882 R&D Projects: GA MZd NA4796 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5004920 Keywords : hemodialysis * phagocytes * reactive oxygen species Subject RIV: BO - Biophysics Impact factor: 0.719, year: 2002

  3. Pulse contour-derived cardiac output in hemodialysis patients

    Cordtz, Joakim; Ladefoged, Soeren D

    2010-01-01

    analysis, namely the Finometer monitor (FNM) for further use on patients dialyzing on a central vascular catheter. Fifty simultaneous cardiac output measurements were obtained during hemodialysis sessions in 25 patients. The internal variability of the FNM measurements was assessed by comparing 24 pairs of...

  4. Surveillance of Hemodialysis Vascular Access with Ultrasound Vector Flow Imaging

    Brandt, Andreas Hjelm; Olesen, Jacob Bjerring; Lindskov Hansen, Kristoffer; Rix, Marianne; Jensen, Jørgen Arendt; Nielsen, Michael Bachmann

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was prospectively to monitor the volume flow in patients with arteriovenous fistula (AVF) with the angle independent ultrasound technique Vector Flow Imaging (VFI). Volume flow values were compared with Ultrasound dilution technique (UDT). Hemodialysis patients need a well-f...

  5. Does L-carnitine improve endothelial function in hemodialysis patients?

    Mohammad Reza Sabri

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Atherosclerosis is the leading cause of death in hemodialysis patients. These patients are also very prone to L-carnitine deficiency due to kidney disease. In this clinical trial, we investigated the effect of oral L-carnitine on endothelial function of these patients. Materials ans Methods : We studied 31 adult chronic hemodialysis patients in our center and divided them into two groups. The first group (n = 20 received 1500 mg/dialysis interval (every other day oral L-carnitine. The control group (n = 11 received placebo for one month. Ultrasonographic measurements of flow mediated dilation and carotid intima-media thickness were performed before and after one month of L-carnitine and placebo therapy. Results: This study showed that after one month of L-carnitine or placebo therapy there was no significant improvement in flow mediated dilation (p = 0.80 and p = 0.59, respectively or decrease in carotid intima-media thickness (p = 0.12 and p = 0.50, respectively. Conclusions: Our study revealed that one month of oral L-carnitine therapy did not improve endothelial function in hemodialysis patients. Long-term studies with large sample size using intravenous form and higher doses of the drug are required to clarify the questionable role of L-carnitine in hemodialysis patients.

  6. Use of a token economy to increase compliance during hemodialysis.

    Carton, J S; Schweitzer, J B

    1996-01-01

    We report the effects of using a token economy to treat noncompliant behavior in a 10-year-old male hemodialysis patient. The results of an ABAB design indicated that the intervention increased compliant behavior during both treatment phases and that compliance was maintained at 3- and 6-month follow-up observations.

  7. [Late pneumomediastinum revealed by acute pulmonary edema in hemodialysis].

    El Amrani, Mohamed; El Kabbaj, Driss; Benyahia, Mohammed

    2014-04-01

    Central venous catheterization occupies an important place in the treatment of end stage renal disease pending the creation of an arteriovenous fistula. However, this procedure is not devoid of complications. We report a case of late pneumomediastinum revealed by an acute pulmonary edema in a young patient on hemodialysis, and we discuss its characteristics. PMID:24656891

  8. HEPATITIS B VIRUS INFECTION PROFILE IN CENTRAL BRAZILIAN HEMODIALYSIS POPULATION

    TELES Sheila A.

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Hepatitis B has proved to be a major health hazard in hemodialysis patients. In order to investigate the hepatitis B virus (HBV infection profile in the hemodialysis population of Goiânia city - Central Brazil, all dialysis patients (N=282 were studied. The prevalence of any HBV marker (HBsAg, anti-HBs, and anti-HBc was 56.7% (95% CI: 51.1-62.7, ranging from 33.3% to 77.7% depending on dialysis unit. HBV-DNA was detected in 67.6% and 88.2% of the HBsAg-positive serum samples, in 91.3% and 100% of the HBsAg/HBeAg-positive samples, and in 18.2% and 63.6% of the HBsAg/anti-HBe-reactive sera by hybridization and PCR, respectively. The length of time on hemodialysis was significantly associated with HBV seropositivity. Only 10% of the patients reported received hepatitis B vaccination. The findings of a high HBV infection prevalence in this population and the increased risk for HBV infection on long-term hemodialysis suggest the environmental transmission, emphasizing the urgent need to evaluate strategies of control and prevention followed in these units.

  9. The impact of nocturnal hemodialysis on sexual function

    Bass Adam

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Sexual dysfunction is common in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD and treatment options are limited. Observational studies suggest that nocturnal hemodialysis may improve sexual function. We compared sexual activity and responses to sexual related questions in the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form questionnaire among patients randomized to frequent nocturnal or thrice weekly conventional hemodialysis. Methods We performed a secondary analysis of data from an RCT which enrolled 51 patients comparing frequent nocturnal and conventional thrice weekly hemodialysis. Sexual activity and responses to sexual related questions were assessed at baseline and six months using relevant questions from the Kidney Disease Quality of Life Short Form questionnaire. Results Overall, there was no difference in sexual activity, or the extent to which people were bothered by the impact of kidney disease on their sex life between the two groups between randomization and 6 months. However, women and patients age  Conclusions Our results suggest that frequent nocturnal hemodialysis is not associated with an improvement in sexual activity in all patients but might have an effect on the burden of kidney disease on sex life in women and patients less than 60 years of age. The validity of these subgroup findings require confirmation in future RCTs.

  10. Percutaneous treatment of complications occurring during hemodialysis graft recanalization

    Introduction/objective: To describe and evaluate percutaneous treatment methods of complications occurring during recanalization of thrombosed hemodialysis access grafts. Methods and materials: A retrospective review of 579 thrombosed hemodialysis access grafts revealed 48 complications occurring during urokinase thrombolysis (512) or mechanical thrombectomy (67). These include 12 venous or venous anastomotic ruptures not controlled by balloon tamponade, eight arterial emboli, 12 graft extravasations, seven small hematomas, four intragraft pseudointimal 'dissections', two incidents of pulmonary edema, one episode of intestinal angina, one procedural death, and one distant hematoma. Results: Twelve cases of post angioplasty ruptures were treated with uncovered stents of which 10 resulted in graft salvage allowing successful hemodialysis. All arterial emboli were retrieved by Fogarty or embolectomy balloons. The 10/12 graft extravasations were successfully treated by digital compression while the procedure was completed and the graft flow was restored. Dissections were treated with prolonged Percutaneous Trasluminal Angioplasty (PTA) balloon inflation. Overall technical success was 39/48 (81%). Kaplan-Meier Primary and secondary patency rates were 72 and 78% at 30, 62 and 73% at 90 and 36 and 67% at 180 days, respectively. Secondary patency rates remained over 50% at 1 year. There were no additional complications caused by these maneuvers. Discussions and conclusion: The majority of complications occurring during percutaneous thrombolysis/thrombectomy of thrombosed access grafts, can be treated at the same sitting allowing completion of the recanalization procedure and usage of the same access for hemodialysis

  11. Implementation and Analysis of Hemodialysis in the Unit Operations Laboratory

    Madihally, Sundararajan V.; Lewis, Randy S.

    2007-01-01

    To enhance bioengineering in the chemical engineering curriculum, a Unit Operations experiment simulating the hemodialysis of creatinine was implemented. The blood toxin creatinine was used for developing a more realistic dialysis experiment. A dialysis model is presented that allows students to assess the validity of model assumptions. This work…

  12. Percutaneous treatment of complications occurring during hemodialysis graft recanalization

    Sofocleous, Constantinos T. E-mail: constant@pol.net; Schur, Israel; Koh, Elsie; Hinrichs, Clay; Cooper, Stanley G.; Welber, Adam; Brountzos, Elias; Kelekis, Dimitris

    2003-09-01

    Introduction/objective: To describe and evaluate percutaneous treatment methods of complications occurring during recanalization of thrombosed hemodialysis access grafts. Methods and materials: A retrospective review of 579 thrombosed hemodialysis access grafts revealed 48 complications occurring during urokinase thrombolysis (512) or mechanical thrombectomy (67). These include 12 venous or venous anastomotic ruptures not controlled by balloon tamponade, eight arterial emboli, 12 graft extravasations, seven small hematomas, four intragraft pseudointimal 'dissections', two incidents of pulmonary edema, one episode of intestinal angina, one procedural death, and one distant hematoma. Results: Twelve cases of post angioplasty ruptures were treated with uncovered stents of which 10 resulted in graft salvage allowing successful hemodialysis. All arterial emboli were retrieved by Fogarty or embolectomy balloons. The 10/12 graft extravasations were successfully treated by digital compression while the procedure was completed and the graft flow was restored. Dissections were treated with prolonged Percutaneous Trasluminal Angioplasty (PTA) balloon inflation. Overall technical success was 39/48 (81%). Kaplan-Meier Primary and secondary patency rates were 72 and 78% at 30, 62 and 73% at 90 and 36 and 67% at 180 days, respectively. Secondary patency rates remained over 50% at 1 year. There were no additional complications caused by these maneuvers. Discussions and conclusion: The majority of complications occurring during percutaneous thrombolysis/thrombectomy of thrombosed access grafts, can be treated at the same sitting allowing completion of the recanalization procedure and usage of the same access for hemodialysis.

  13. Second-degree interatrial block in hemodialysis patients.

    Enriquez, Andres; Marano, Marco; D'Amato, Anna; de Luna, Antoni Bayes; Baranchuk, Adrian

    2015-01-01

    Interatrial conduction delays manifest as a prolonged P-wave duration on surface ECG and the term interatrial block (IAB) has been coined. They are usually fixed, but cases of intermittent IAB have been described, suggesting functional conduction block at the Bachmann bundle region. We report 2 cases of patients on chronic hemodialysis therapy presenting with intermittent IAB. PMID:25755895

  14. Metabolic syndrome in hemodialysis patients as a risk factor for new-onset diabetes mellitus after renal transplant: a prospective observational study

    Bonet J

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Josep Bonet1, Albert Martinez-Castelao2, Beatriz Bayés11Department of Nephrology, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Spain; 2Department of Nephrology, Hospital Universitari de Bellvitge, IDIBELL, Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, SpainPurpose: Metabolic syndrome is a cluster of biochemical abnormalities including cardiovascular and diabetes risk factors. The development of diabetes mellitus after renal transplant represents a major posttransplant complication that may adversely affect graft/patient survival. The aim of this study was to assess the role of metabolic syndrome in patients on hemodialysis as a risk factor for the incidence of new-onset diabetes mellitus after renal transplant.Patients and methods: This was a prospective observational epidemiologic study carried out in adult nondiabetic patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis and on the renal transplant waiting list between November 2008 and April 2009. Patients were followed up from Visit 1 (baseline to 6 months after the renal transplant. The analysis of the role of metabolic syndrome in hemodialysis patients as a risk factor for the incidence of new-onset diabetes mellitus after renal transplant included the estimation of relative risk and its 95% confidence interval (CI.Results: A total of 383 evaluable patients were entered into the study (mean age, 52.7 years; male, 57.7%; Caucasian, 90.1%. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome on hemodialysis was 30.4% (95% CI, 25.8%–35.4%. Hypertension was the most prevalent criterion for metabolic syndrome (65.0%, followed by low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (52.7%, abdominal obesity (36.2%, hypertriglyceridemia (32.4%, and impaired glucose (8.9%. After the renal transplant, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was still 25.8%. During the posttransplant period, the incidence of new-onset diabetes mellitus reached 13.0% (95% CI, 7.8%–20.6% and patients with pretransplant metabolic syndrome were 2.6 times (95% CI, 1.043–6.608 more likely to develop new-onset diabetes mellitus after the renal transplant than those without metabolic syndrome.Conclusion: The presence of metabolic syndrome in patients undergoing hemodialysis represents an independent risk factor for the incidence of new-onset diabetes mellitus after renal transplant.Keywords: dialysis, kidney transplantation, metabolic syndrome X, posttransplant diabetes

  15. A comparison of oral and dental manifestations in diabetic and non-diabetic uremic patients receiving hemodialysis

    Preethi Murali

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the oral and dental findings of uremic patients receiving hemodialysis and to compare the Results between diabetic and non-diabetic groups. Materials and Methods: A total of 100 patients undergoing hemodialysis were classified into diabetic and non-diabetic groups and examined for uremic oral manifestations, dental caries (DMFT, and periodontal status (CPITN. Mann-Whitney test of significance has been applied for analyzing DMFT score and chi-square test is used for analyzing CPITN score. Results: Of the study group, 46% were diabetic and only 11% of them did not have any oral manifestation. Oral manifestations observed were xerostomia and uremic odor, which contributed to 47 (23% and 37 (17%, respectively. Hyperpigmentation was present in 26 (12%, macroglossia in 23 (11%, and uremic tongue coating in 24 (11%. Mucosal petechiae were seen in 17 patients contributing to 8% of total patients. Eleven patients had tongue pallor (5%, 9 patients had glossitis with depapillation (4%, and 7 patients had dysgeusia (3%. Angular cheilitis and gingival swelling were seen in 5 patients (2%. Conclusion: The oral and dental manifestations were higher in prevalence in the study group. However, there was no significant difference between the two groups.

  16. Measurement of endotoxin levels in blood of hemodialysis Patients by 'Lal' test and comparision of its efficacy with blood culture

    Gh Vazirzadeh

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Presently, bacteremia is the principal cause of morbidity in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Gram-negative bacteria account for approximately 50 percent of documented infections. Endotoxins released during lysis of gram negative bacteremia result in inflammatory and defense response by the body and if not treated promptly result in septic shock and ultimately death of the patient. This study describes the detection of endotoxins in blood of patients with bacteremia due to gram - negative bacteria by LAL test. Method: Blood samples of 278 hemodialysis patients were analyzed in this study and pathogens were isolated from blood culture samples. Then, their antibiotic sensitivity was determined. In patients with positive blood culture, endotoxin levels were measured by LAL-test. Results: Frequency of bacteremia in patients was 13.6% . The prevalence of gram – negative bacteremia was 44.7%. E coli were the major pathogens, while staphylococcus aureus was the most common gram positive bacterium. Endotoxin was detected in 15 patients (3.8 ± 1.08 EU/ml . The sensitivity and specificity of endotoxins for gram – negative bacteremia were 88% and 95%, respectively. Conclusion: The results indicate that the LAL method is a fast, sensitive and simple method. There was no significant difference between the results of blood culture and LAL – test ( P > 0.05 .

  17. Feasibility of Endovascular Radiation Therapy Using Holmium-166 Filled Balloon Catheter in a Swine Hemodialysis Fistula Model: Preliminary Results

    Won, Jong Yun; Lee, Kwang Hun; Lee, Do Yun [Dept. of Radiology, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Yensei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Myoung Soo [Dept. of Radiology, Yensei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Byung Chul [Dept. of Radiology, Internal Medicine, EwhaWoman' s University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Seung Jung [Dept. of Internal Medicine, EwhaWoman' s University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-08-15

    To describe how to make a swine hemodialysis fistula model and report our initial experience to test the feasibility of endovascular radiation therapy with Holmium-166 filled balloon catheters. The surgical formation of arterio-venous fistula (AVF) was performed by end-to-side anastomosis of the bilateral jugular vein and carotid artery of 6 pigs. After 4 weeks, angiograms were taken and endovascular radiation was delivered to the venous side of AVF with Holmium-166 filled balloon catheters. Pigs were sacrificed 4 weeks after the radiation and AVFs were harvested for histological examination. All animals survived without any morbidity during the experimental periods. The formation of fistula on the sides of necks was successful in 11 of the 12 pigs (92%). One AVF failed from the small jugular vein. On angiograms, 4 of the 11 AVFs showed total occlusion or significant stenosis and therefore, endovascular radiation could not be performed. Of 7 eligible AVFs, five underwent successful endovascular radiation and two AVFs did not undergo radiation for the control. Upon histologic analysis, one non-radiated AVF showed total occlusion and others showed intimal thickening from the neointimal hyperplasia. Formation of the swine carotid artery-jugular vein hemodialysis fistula model was successful. Endovascular radiation using a Holmium-166 filled balloon catheter was safe and feasible.

  18. Feasibility of Endovascular Radiation Therapy Using Holmium-166 Filled Balloon Catheter in a Swine Hemodialysis Fistula Model: Preliminary Results

    To describe how to make a swine hemodialysis fistula model and report our initial experience to test the feasibility of endovascular radiation therapy with Holmium-166 filled balloon catheters. The surgical formation of arterio-venous fistula (AVF) was performed by end-to-side anastomosis of the bilateral jugular vein and carotid artery of 6 pigs. After 4 weeks, angiograms were taken and endovascular radiation was delivered to the venous side of AVF with Holmium-166 filled balloon catheters. Pigs were sacrificed 4 weeks after the radiation and AVFs were harvested for histological examination. All animals survived without any morbidity during the experimental periods. The formation of fistula on the sides of necks was successful in 11 of the 12 pigs (92%). One AVF failed from the small jugular vein. On angiograms, 4 of the 11 AVFs showed total occlusion or significant stenosis and therefore, endovascular radiation could not be performed. Of 7 eligible AVFs, five underwent successful endovascular radiation and two AVFs did not undergo radiation for the control. Upon histologic analysis, one non-radiated AVF showed total occlusion and others showed intimal thickening from the neointimal hyperplasia. Formation of the swine carotid artery-jugular vein hemodialysis fistula model was successful. Endovascular radiation using a Holmium-166 filled balloon catheter was safe and feasible.

  19. Comparison of markers of oxidative stress, inflammation and arterial stiffness between incident hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients an observational study

    Ratanjee Sharad

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Patients on peritoneal and hemodialysis have accelerated atherosclerosis associated with an increase in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The atherosclerosis is associated with increased arterial stiffness, endothelial dysfunction and elevated oxidative stress and inflammation. The aims of this study are to investigate the effects of peritoneal and hemodialysis on arterial stiffness, vascular function, myocardial structure and function, oxidative stress and inflammation in incident patients with end stage kidney disease. Methods This is an observational study. Eighty stage five CKD patients will be enrolled and followed for one-year. Primary outcome measures will be changes in 1 arterial stiffness measured by aortic pulse wave velocity, 2 oxidative stress assessed by plasma F2 isoprostanes and 3 inflammation measured by plasma pentraxin-3. Secondary outcomes will include additional measures of oxidative stress and inflammation, changes in vascular function assessed using the brachial artery reactivity technique, carotid artery intimal medial thickness, augmentation index and trans thoracic echocardiography to assess left ventricular geometry, and systolic and diastolic function. Patients will undergo these measures at baseline (68 weeks prior to starting dialysis therapy, then at six and 12 months after starting dialysis. Discussion The results of this study may guide the choice of dialysis modality in the first year of treatment. It may also lead to a larger study prospectively assessing the effect of dialysis modality on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Trial Registration ACTRN12609000049279

  20. Quality of life/spirituality, religion and personal beliefs of adult and elderly chronic kidney patients under hemodialysis

    Suzana Gabriela Rusa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to assess the quality of life of chronic kidney patients undergoing hemodialysis, using the WHOQOL-bref and WHOQOL-SRPB.METHOD: a descriptive and cross-sectional study was undertaken at a kidney replacement therapy service in the interior of the state of SP. The 110subjects who complied with the inclusion criteria answered the Subject Characterization Instrument, the WHOQOL-bref and WHOQOL-SRPB.RESULTS: most of the respondents were male (67.27%, with a mean age of 55.65 years, Catholic (55.45%, with unfinished primary education (33.64% and without formal occupation (79.08%. The WHOQOL-bref domains with the highest and lowest mean score were, respectively, "psychological" (µ=74.20 and "physical" (µ=61.14. The WHOQOL-SRPB domains with the highest and lowest mean score were, respectively, "completeness and integration" (µ=4.00 and "faith" (µ=4.40.CONCLUSIONS: the respondents showed high quality of life scores, specifically in the dimensions related to spirituality, religion and personal beliefs. Losses were evidenced in the physical domain of quality of life, possibly due to the changes resulting from the chronic kidney disease and hemodialysis treatment.

  1. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage among patients receiving hemodialysis in Taiwan: prevalence rate, molecular characterization and de-colonization

    Kang Yu-Chuan

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Staphylococcus aureus, particularly methicillin resistant (MRSA, is a common pathogen among patients receiving hemodialysis. To evaluate nasal carriage, molecular characterization and effectiveness of decolonization of MRSA among patients receiving hemodialysis in Taiwan, we conducted this study. Methods From January to June 2011, two nasal samplings with a 3-month interval were obtained from patients undergoing hemodialysis in a medical center (CGMH, and in a local hospital (YMH and sent for detection of MRSA. For MRSA carriers, decolonization procedures were administered. All patients in CGMH were observed if MRSA infections occurred during the study period. Results A total of 529 nasal specimens (265 from CGMH and 264 from YMH were collected from 296 patients (161 from CGMH and 135 from YMH. 233 patients participated in both surveys. Average one-time point MRSA carriage rate was 3.8%, and the rate was up to 6.9% for those with two-time point surveys. No additional significant factor for MRSA carriage was identified. Seventy percent of the 20 colonizing MRSA isolates, though categorized as healthcare-associated strains epidemiologically, shared common molecular characteristics of the local community-associated strains. Only one of the 20 MRSA-colonized patients failed decolonization and had persistent colonization, while without any intervention, 17 (61% of 28 patients with methicillin-sensitive S. aureus colonization in the first survey had persistent colonization of a genetically indistinguishable strain. Within the study period, two patients (1.24% in CGMH, one with MRSA colonization (9.1%, developed MRSA infection. Conclusion A substantial proportion of patients receiving hemodialysis in Taiwan had MRSA colonization, mostly genetically community strains. Decolonization procedures may effectively eliminate MRSA colonization and might reduce subsequent MRSA infection in these patients.

  2. Hemodialysis and hepatitis B vaccination: a challenge to physicians

    Ayub MA

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Munir Akar Ayub,1 Marcelo Rodrigues Bacci,2 Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca,3 Ethel Zimberg Chehter4 1Department of Infectology, 2Department of General Practice, 3Department of Morphology, 4Department of Gastroenterology, Faculdade de Medicina do ABC, Santo André-São Paulo, Brazil Abstract: Hepatitis B is responsible for the development of half of hepatocellular carcinoma cases and is a major cause of hepatic insufficiency. The vaccine against hepatitis B virus does not exhibit the same high efficacy in patients on hemodialysis as it does in immunocompetent individuals. The medical literature recommends vaccination with four doses (40 mg each of the hepatitis B virus vaccine before beginning hemodialysis; however, approximately one-third of hemodialysis patients do not respond to this vaccination schedule. A new serologic test should be performed each year for individuals who respond adequately, whereas a booster dose should be offered to those with antibody titers below 10 mIU/mL. In this study, we followed 83 hemodialysis patients and collected quantitative serologic measurements every 2 months over a 1-year period. We made the measurements 1 month after the vaccination period. We found that 41% of the patients had antibody titers below 10 mIU/mL (nonresponders, 21.7% had antibody titers between 10 mIU/mL and 100 mIU/mL (poor responders, and 37.3% had antibody titers higher than 100 mIU/mL (good responders. Patients with diabetes and/or hypertension exhibited worse response to vaccination. All subjects displayed decreasing antibody titers during the observation period. The group of poorly responsive patients had antibody titers below 10 mIU/mL at the 6-month follow-up period. Keywords: hepatitis B vaccination, chronic kidney disease, hemodialysis

  3. Prognostic factors in hemodialysis patients: experience of a Havana Hospital

    Julio Valdivia

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Knowledge of prognostic factors in end-stage renal disease patients has improved dialysis management and methods for reducing morbidity and mortality, underlining the importance of identification, prevention and control of these factors. OBJECTIVE: Identify factors affecting prognosis (survival or death in hemodialysis patients at the Medical-Surgical Research Center in Havana over a ten-year period. METHODS: Descriptive, prospective study of 81 end-stage renal disease patients who received hemodialysis at the Medical-Surgical Research Center from 1995 to 2004. Prognostic factors were identified at initiation of and during dialysis treatment, using chi square, t test, McNemar test, Kaplan Meier analysis, log-rank test and Cox regression model, with significance threshold set at p <0.05. RESULTS: Hypertension and diabetes were the leading causes of end-stage renal disease. Six patients were referred late. Mean survival was 4.4 years; with survival of 86.6%, 54.7% and 26.6% at one, three and five years respectively. Factors predictive of decreased survival that were most frequent at initiation of hemodialysis were hypertension and chronic anemia (both present in 95.9% of cases; malnutrition, hypoalbuminemia, cardiovascular disease and chronic liver disease increased during treatment while hypertension decreased. In multivariate analysis, prognostic factors that significantly predicted decreased survival were hypertension, inadequate vascular access and diabetes. Patients aged <60 years and those with malnutrition, hypoalbuminemia, anemia, cardiovascular disease or liver disease had lower survival figures at the end of the study period. Leading causes of death were infections (45.2% and cardiovascular disease (41.9%; the latter was present in 93.5% of deaths, independent of underlying cause of death. CONCLUSIONS: Survival of hemodialysis patients diminished at five years. Some negative predictive factors are present at initiation of hemodialysis, such as diabetes, hypertension and chronic anemia; others increased later, including malnutrition, hypoalbuminemia, cardiovascular disease and liver disease.

  4. TTV as A Risk Factor in Hemodialysis Process

    The association of TTV (transfusion transmitted virus) with both cryptogenic chronic liver diseases and post-transfusion hepatitis has been reported. Hemodialysis patients are at high risk for viral hepatitis due to blood born viral agents. The few data available concerning TTV infection among hemodialysis patients shows a high prevalence. This study was conducted on one hundred patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). They were attending the hemodialysis (HD) unit of Naser institute for performing hemodialysis for the first time (as a control group) and the same patients after recurrent HD for at least six months of regular HD (as a HD patient group). Patients and controls were subjected to the following laboratory investigations; 1) TTV DNA detection by PCR. 2) HBs Ag by ELISA technique. 3) HCV Ab by ELISA technique. 4) Liver enzymes include ALT, AST and γGT. The study was done to detect TTV DNA by PCR in hemodialysis patients and to evaluate its clinical impacts, taking into account co-infection with other hepatitis viruses. The results of this work are:- 1- TTV is remarkably prevalent in HD patients. The prevalence of TTV infection in HD Egyptian patients was 45% and 9% in healthy volunteer from the same geographical area. 2- HCV was found to have highly significant association with HD patients while there was no association between HD patients and HBs Ag. 3- TTV infection was not found to be more prevalent in HD patients infected with HCV. 4- Abnormal liver enzymes were uncommon in HD patients infected with TTV alone, in contrast to patients with known hepatotropic viruses such as HCV. 5- TTV did not play a role in liver injury, but it might aggravate liver diseases caused by HCV.

  5. Selected indices of peritoneal fibrosis in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis

    Józef Penar

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Peritoneal dialysis is an alternative to hemodialysis in the treatment of patients with end-stage renal disease. Long-term use of peritoneal dialysis is limited by progressive alterations in the peritoneal membrane. The pathological changes in the peritoneum are due to the exposure to traditional nonphysiological peritoneal dialysis fluids that have low pH, high glucose and glucose degradation product content, and high molarity. Repeated episodes of bacterial peritonitis are another cause of peritoneal membrane damage. The characteristic features of peritoneal alterations include peritoneal fibrosis and morphologic changes in the peritoneal microvasculature with the accumulation of extracellular matrix in the submesothelial area and loss of mesothelial cells. These changes in the peritoneal membrane cause ultrafiltration failure and loss of dialysis efficacy. The pathogenesis of the peritoneal membrane damage is very complicated and understanding the processes involved in these alterations will be crucial in improving treatment with peritoneal dialysis. Some points of view on fibrosis of peritoneal membrane in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis are presented here.

  6. Clinical Performance of a Salivary Amylase Activity Monitor During Hemodialysis Treatment

    Masaru Shimazaki

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The hemodialysis procedure is thought to be a physical stressor in the majority of hemodialyzed patients. Previous studies suggest that elevated salivary amylase level may correlate with increased plasma norepinephrine level under psychological and physical stress conditions. In this study, we investigated biological stress reactivity during hemodialysis treatment using salivary amylase activity as a biomarker. Seven patients (male/female = 5/2, age:67.7+ /− 5.9 years who had been receiving regular 4 h hemodialysis were recruited. Salivary amylase activity was measured using a portable analyzer every hour during the hemodialysis session. Salivary amylase activity was shown to be relatively stable and constant throughout hemodialysis, whereas there were significant changes in systolic blood pressure and pulse rate associated with blood volume reduction. Our results show that hemodialysis treatment per se dose not affect salivary amylase activity.

  7. Treatment of a common problem in Hemodialysis patients: Is the juice worth the squeeze?

    Al-saran Khalid

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV is a serious public health problem affecting an estimated 2% of the world?s population. The natural history of HCV infection in hemodialysis patients remains incompletely understood and the management is difficult. HCV infection in hemodialysis patients is usually asymptomatic. Given the diminished life expectancy of hemodialysis patients, complications such as decompensated cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma may not have time to develop. The frequency of advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis ranges from 0% to 28 %. We discuss in this presentation several aspects of HCV infection in chronic kidney disease (CKD patients such as relationship with glomerulopathy, renal allograft outcome, prevalence in hemodialysis patients in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, treatment of HCV in hemo-dialysis patients in the kingdom of Saudia Arabia, and finally our experience at Prince Salman Center for kidney disease (PSCKD in the management of HCV infected hemodialysis patients.

  8. Variation of hemodialysis related arterial stiffness in patients with end stage renal disease

    Ariana Condor

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patientsundergoing hemodialysis. Increased arterial stiffness is an independent predictor of cardiovascularmortality in end stage renal disease (ESRD. We hypothesized that the hemodialysis procedure itself,through alterations in electrolytes and blood volume, could contribute to the increased cardiovascular riskencountered in ESRD. Material and methods: 28 chronic hemodialysis patients were evaluated before andafter hemodialysis. We determined serum calcium, arterial stiffness (using pulse wave analysis andhemodynamic parameters. Results: Serum calcium increased significantly during the dialysis treatment(P<0.01. Also, significant increase in stiffness index occurred at the end of dialysis (P=0.02. Bothincrements were correlated with ultrafiltration. No significant changes in systolic blood pressure, diastolicblood pressure or heart rate were noticed during hemodialysis. Arterial stiffness significantly increasedafter hemodialysis, unrelated to hemodynamic parameters. Conclusion: This vascular response may bean explanation for greater vulnerability regarding cardiovascular events in ESRD patients.

  9. Trace Elements in Hemodialysis Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Manns Braden; Field Catherine; Klarenbach Scott; Hemmelgarn Brenda; Wiebe Natasha; Tonelli Marcello; Thadhani Ravi; Gill John

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Hemodialysis patients are at risk for deficiency of essential trace elements and excess of toxic trace elements, both of which can affect health. We conducted a systematic review to summarize existing literature on trace element status in hemodialysis patients. Methods All studies which reported relevant data for chronic hemodialysis patients and a healthy control population were eligible, regardless of language or publication status. We included studies which measured at ...

  10. Low Resistin Level is Associated with Poor Hospitalization-Free Survival in Hemodialysis Patients

    Chung, Wookyung; Jung, Eul Sik; Shin, Dongsu; Choi, Shung Han; Jung, Ji Yong; Chang, Jae Hyun; Lee, Hyun Hee; Kim, Dong Ki; Kim, Sejoong

    2012-01-01

    Malnutrition and inflammation are related to high rates of morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Resistin is associated with nutrition and inflammation. We attempted to determine whether resistin levels may predict clinical outcomes in hemodialysis patients. We conducted a prospective evaluation of 100 outpatients on hemodialysis in a single dialysis center (male, 46%; mean age, 53.7 16.4 yr). We stratified the patients into 4 groups according to quartiles of serum resistin leve...

  11. Treatment of a common problem in Hemodialysis patients: Is the juice worth the squeeze?

    Al-saran Khalid; Sabry Alaa; Shaheen Naila; Yehia Ahmed

    2009-01-01

    Chronic infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a serious public health problem affecting an estimated 2% of the world?s population. The natural history of HCV infection in hemodialysis patients remains incompletely understood and the management is difficult. HCV infection in hemodialysis patients is usually asymptomatic. Given the diminished life expectancy of hemodialysis patients, complications such as decompensated cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma may not have time t...

  12. Ultrasound-guided cannulation in placement of Hemodialysis Access Catheters in Predialysis Patients

    Yildar, Murat; Gurbuz, Orcun; Kumtepe, Gencehan; Basbug, Murat; Toprak, Omer

    2014-01-01

    Aim: Ultrasound (USG)-guided hemodialysis catheter placement is known to be superior to and more reliable than catheter insertion guided by anatomical landmarks. USG is used for vascular mapping (VM) before catheter placement, or real time. This study investigated the effect on outcomes of USG techniques used in patients with hemodialysis catheters inserted through the internal jugular vein (IJV) due to emergency hemodialysis indication while being monitored for Predialysis Renal Failure (PRF...

  13. Hepatitis C in Hemodialysis Centers of Golestan Province, Northeast of Iran (2005)

    Ali Jabbari; Sima Besharat; Behnaz Khodabakhshi

    2008-01-01

    Background and Aims: Nosocomial transmission of blood-borne pathogens is common in a dialysis setting. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a common problem that increases morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. Blood transfusion and the duration of hemodialysis are the most important factors in HCV transmission. The aim of the study was to determine the incidence rate of HCV antibody in hemodialysis patients and its association with some factors. Methods: In this descriptive-analyt...

  14. Incidence and risk factors for bloodstream infections stemming from temporary hemodialysis catheters

    ÇAYLAN, Rahmet; YILMAZ, GÜRDAL; SÖZEN, Ebru Emel; AYDIN, Kemalettin; Köksal, İftihar

    2010-01-01

    Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CR-BSI) is considered as an important complication of hemodialysis catheters. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of temporary hemodialysis catheter-related bloodstream infection. Materials and methods: Prospective data related to temporary hemodialysis catheters inserted in our institution were collected for duration of three years. The risk factors of CR-BSI of patients between the CR-BSI group and the...

  15. Sexual functioning in hemodialysis patients and their spouses: results of a prospective study from Turkey

    Ayşegül YILMAZ

    2009-01-01

    Aims: This study aimed to evaluate sexual functioning among hemodialysis patients and their spouses. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted by the Consultation Liaison Psychiatry Division at the Hemodialysis Unit of the Department of Nephrology, Ankara University, School of Medicine as well as 3 private dialysis centers in Ankara. The study group consisted of 45 hemodialysis patients and their spouses. All couples filled out a socio-demographic and occupational data form and a valid...

  16. Doppler Ultrasound Assessment of Well-Functioning Native Hemodialysis Access: Comparison with Sufficient Dialysis

    A Alamdaran; F. Nazemian; Taheri, H

    2008-01-01

    Background/Objective: Malfunction of vascular accesses is a common cause of morbidity in hemodialysis patients. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the flow volume and the diameter of the feeding artery in asymptomatic, well-functioning hemodialysis access with Doppler ultrasound."nPatients and Methods: From March 2006 to February 2007, we examined the functioning mature arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of 69 hemodialysis patients by Doppler ultrasound in Imam Reza hospital, Mash...

  17. Plasma Serotonin and Markers of Bone Formation and Bone Resorption in Hemodialysis Patients

    Theodoros Eleftheriadis

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Serotonin receptors are present in osteoblasts and osteoclasts, and serotonin affects bone metabolism. The association of plasma serotonin with markers of bone formation and bone resorption in hemodialysis patients was evaluated. Materials and Methods. Twenty-four hemodialysis patients (11 diabetics and 22 healthy volunteers were enrolled into the study. Serotonin was assessed in platelet-free plasma, whereas the markers of osteoblastic activity N-terminal midfragment osteocalcin and total procollagen type-1 aminoterminal propeptide as well as the marker of osteoclastic activity β-isomerized C-terminal cross-linked peptide of collagen type I were measured in serum. Serum intact parathyroid hormone was also assessed. Results. Serotonin did not significantly differ between hemodialysis patients and healthy volunteers. All evaluated markers of bone metabolism and intact parathyroid hormone were much higher in hemodialysis patients. Serotonin was significantly correlated with all evaluated markers of bone metabolism in hemodialysis patients. Serotonin was reversely related to the patients' age. Serotonin, osteocalcin, procollagen type-1 aminoterminal propeptide, and β-isomerized C-terminal cross-linked peptide of collagen type I were much lower in diabetic hemodialysis patients. Conclusions. Serotonin may increase both bone formation and bone resorption in hemodialysis patients. The reverse relation of serotonin to patients' age as well as its lower levels in diabetic hemodialysis patients indicate that low plasma serotonin may contribute to the higher incidence of low-turnover bone disease that characterizes old and diabetic hemodialysis patients.

  18. Changes of plasma ET, ANP and PRL levels in patients on chronic hemodialysis

    Objective: To explore the changes of plasma endothelin (ET), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and prolactin (PRL) levels in patients on chronic hemodialysis. Methods: Plasma ET, ANP and PRL levels were determined with RIA in 38 patients on chronic hemodialysis and 30 controls. Results: Before hemodialysis, plasma ET, ANP and PRL levels in patients with chronic renal failure were significantly higher than those in the controls (P0.05). Conclusion: Determination of plasma ET, ANP and PRL levels is clinically useful for understanding the effect of hemodialysis

  19. 78 FR 38994 - Implanted Blood Access Devices for Hemodialysis; Draft Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug...

    2013-06-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Implanted Blood Access Devices for Hemodialysis; Draft... availability of the draft guidance entitled ``Implanted Blood Access Devices for Hemodialysis.'' This guidance was developed to support the reclassification of the Implanted Blood Access Devices for...

  20. Distance between residence and the dialysis unit does not impact self-perceived outcomes in hemodialysis patients

    Santos Paulo

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Patients have to travel long distances to undergo hemodialysis (HD in some regions. We aimed to search for an association of the distance between patients’ residence and the dialysis unit with quality of life, depression and coping among end-stage renal disease (ESRD patients undergoing maintenance HD. Methods We studied 161 ESRD patients undergoing HD during April 2009. Quality of life, depression and coping were assessed by the SF-36, the 10-item CES-D and the Jalowiec Coping Scale, respectively. The sample was stratified in three groups: I-patients residing in Sobral (where the dialysis unit is located; II-patients residing in towns up to 100 km from Sobral; and III-patients residing in towns distant greater than 100 km from Sobral. Analysis of variance was used to detect differences in quality of life and coping scores between the groups. Logistic regression was used to test distance as a predictor of depression. Results There were 47 (29.2% patients residing in Sobral, 46 (28.6% up to 100 km away and 68 (42.2% greater than 100 km from Sobral. There were no differences related to quality of life and coping scores between the groups. Distance was not a predictor of depression. Conclusions Social and cultural factors may explain the lack of differences. Studies from other regions are needed to clarify the distance effects on self-perceived outcomes among HD patients.

  1. Severe carbamazepine intoxication unresponsive to albumin-enhanced continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration with low dialysate flow.

    Chung, Young K; Chang, Kyung Y; Park, Hoon S; Kim, Mi-Hee; Lee, Kang-Min; Lim, Tae-Seok; Kim, Hyung W

    2014-04-01

    Carbamazepine (CBZ) intoxication can be associated with severe toxicity, including neurological and cardio-respiratory abnormalities. Highly protein-bound, CBZ is not removed efficiently through conventional hemodialysis. Charcoal hemoperfusion is the most effective extracorporeal elimination therapy for CBZ intoxication. Recent reports have indicated that continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF), albumin-enhanced continuous venovenous hemodialysis, high-flux hemodialysis and plasma exchange can be as effective as charcoal hemoperfusion. In contrast to recent reports, which demonstrated the effectiveness of CVVHDF with high dialysate flow in CBZ intoxication, we observed that serum CBZ level was decreased minimally by albumin-enhanced CVVHDF with low dialysate flow. Therefore, albumin-enhanced CVVHDF with high dialysate flow should be considered in severe CBZ intoxication, if hemoperfusion is unavailable because of the lack of facilities or if it cannot be performed. PMID:24422855

  2. Homocysteine, folic acid and vitamin B12 serum levels in hemodialysis patients referring to hemodialysis unit of Jahrom hospital

    abdoreza Sotoodeh Jahromi

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Homocysteine, folic acid and vitamin B12 serum levels in hemodialysis patients referring to hemodialysis unit of Jahrom hospitalSotoodeh Jahromi A1,2, Farjam MR*3, Shojaei M4Received: 09/25/2010Revised: 01/27/2011Accepted: 01/29/20111. Dept. of Immunology, School of Medicine, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran2. Research Center for Zoonotic Diseases, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran 3. Dept. of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran4. Dept. of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, IranJournal of Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 1, Spring 2011 AbstractIntroduction:Homocysteine is an amino acid yielded from methionin to cysteine metabolism. Increased level of homocysteine can increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Several factors such as uremia, genetic factors, dialysis related factors and vitamin B group deficiency lead to increased plasma level of homocysteine in dialysis patients. This study aimed to evaluate plasma levels of homocysteine, vitamin B12 and folic acid in Jahrom hemodialysis patients.Materials and Methods:This cross-sectional study was carried out on a total of 43 hemodialysis patients and 43 age and sex matched healthy individuals without any underlying renal disease as control group during December 2008 and September 2009. The serum level of homocysteine was measured using ELISA method and the serum levels of vitamin B12 and folic acid were measured by radioimmunoassay method.Results:Comparing the patients with the control group, there were significant differences between the two groups in mean serum levels of homocysteine (22.709±5.765 µmol/L vs. 16.518±5.425 µmol/L, folic acid (513.814±15.378 ng/ml vs. 22.976±7.462 ng/ml and vitamin B12 (5366.814±1734.752 pg/ml vs. 868.907±251.484 pg/ml (P<0.001. A significant positive correlation was found between mean serum level of homocysteine and duration of hemodialysis therapy (r=0.893, P<0.001.Conclusion:Although in the present study the homocysteine level in the patients was more than that of the healthy subjects, it was lower than that of hemodialysis patients in other countries.

  3. MR angiography of hemodialysis access fistula. Evaluation before PTA procedure

    Morimoto, Atsuko; Yoshimura, Hirohide; Hosokawa, Chisa; Yoshida, Toshiko [Yodogawa Christian Hospital, Osaka (Japan)

    2000-08-01

    We evaluated the feasibility of MR angiography for hemodialysis fistula. Eleven patients with suspected stenosis or occlusion of an autogenous hemodialysis fistula in the forearm underwent MRA. MRA was obtained using both the 3D-PC method and 3D gadolinium contrast-enhanced (CE) method with a knee coil. The two methods were compared with DSA in seven patients. CE-MRA clearly demonstrated the entire dialysis fistula. However, signals of the stenotic area are effaced in PC-MRA. The diameter of the vessels evaluated in the CE-MRA was well correlated with angiography. CE-MRA demonstrated smaller collateral vessels more clearly than PC-MRA. CE-MRA provided useful information before the PTA procedure. (author)

  4. MR angiography of hemodialysis access fistula. Evaluation before PTA procedure

    We evaluated the feasibility of MR angiography for hemodialysis fistula. Eleven patients with suspected stenosis or occlusion of an autogenous hemodialysis fistula in the forearm underwent MRA. MRA was obtained using both the 3D-PC method and 3D gadolinium contrast-enhanced (CE) method with a knee coil. The two methods were compared with DSA in seven patients. CE-MRA clearly demonstrated the entire dialysis fistula. However, signals of the stenotic area are effaced in PC-MRA. The diameter of the vessels evaluated in the CE-MRA was well correlated with angiography. CE-MRA demonstrated smaller collateral vessels more clearly than PC-MRA. CE-MRA provided useful information before the PTA procedure. (author)

  5. Early open surgery for the accidental insertion of a hemodialysis catheter into the carotid artery: a case report

    Yosuke Moteki; Koji Yamaguchi; Akitsugu Kawashima; Shinsuke Sato; Yoshikazu Okada

    2014-01-01

    Insertion of a hemodialysis catheter into the internal jugular vein is a commonly performed procedure for intermittent hemodialysis. However, arterial misplacement of the hemodialysis catheter can occur and lead to serious complications, such as major stroke due to intra-arterial thrombus. Here, we report a case in which open surgery was performed to avoid major stroke following the accidental insertion of a hemodialysis catheter into the common carotid artery. We suggest that early open surg...

  6. Segregation, Income Disparities, and Survival in Hemodialysis Patients

    Kimmel, Paul L.; Fwu, Chyng-Wen; Eggers, Paul W.

    2013-01-01

    Social and ecologic factors, such as residential segregation, are determinants of health in the general population, but how these factors associate with outcomes among patients with ESRD is not well understood. Here, we examined associations of income inequality and residence, as social determinants of health, with survival among black and white patients with ESRD. We merged U.S. Renal Data System data from 589,036 patients who started hemodialysis from 2000 through 2008 with race-specific me...

  7. Habitual Coffee Consumption Enhances Attention and Vigilance in Hemodialysis Patients

    Nikić, Petar M.; Andrić, Branislav R.; Stojimirović, Biljana B.; Jasna Trbojevic-Stanković; Zoran Bukumirić

    2014-01-01

    Objective. Coffee drinking is the main source of caffeine intake among adult population in the western world. It has been reported that low to moderate caffeine intake has beneficial effect on alertness and cognitive functions in healthy subjects. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of habitual coffee consumption on cognitive function in hemodialysis patients. Methods. In a cross-sectional study, 86 patients from a single-dialysis centre underwent assessment by the Montreal Cognit...

  8. Malnutrition Markers and Serum Ghrelin Levels in Hemodialysis Patients

    Montazerifar, Farzaneh; Karajibani, Mansour; Gorgij, Farnia; Akbari, Ommolbanin

    2014-01-01

    Objective. The aim of study was to investigate the changes levels of serum ghrelin in HD patients and its relationship to some malnutrition markers compared with healthy controls. Methods. Forty-five patients on hemodialysis and forty healthy controls were studied. Biochemical parameters and serum ghrelin levels were measured. Both daily dietary intakes and body mass index (BMI) assessments were performed for evaluation of nutritional status. Results. Ghrelin concentrations were significantly...

  9. Predictors of quality of life of hemodialysis patients in India

    Veerappan, I.; Arvind, R. M.; Ilayabharthi, V.

    2012-01-01

    Little is known about the quality of life and survival in the patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) in India. Poor nutrition and dialysis noncompliance is common. This study investigates the factors that affect the quality of life (QoL) in HD patients in India. This cross-sectional study included 78 patients on HD for ? two months. Demographic, nutritional, functional subjective global assessment and Kidney Disease Quality of Life (KDQOL-36) assessments were done. Predictors of QoL were a...

  10. Biochemical nutritional parameters and their impact on hemodialysis efficiency

    Abbas Hasan; Rabbani Malik; Safdar Nilofer; Murtaza Ghulam; Maria Qamaruddin; Ahamd Aasim

    2009-01-01

    To determine the nutritional status of chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients and the association of changes in serum albumin levels, C-reactive protein (CRP), Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and body mass index (BMI) as indicators of nutritional status with the urea reduction ratio (URR) during dialysis, we studied 201 chronic HD patients (97 males and the mean age was 51 15 years). Diabetes was the cause of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in 34% of the pa-tients, hypertensi...

  11. Prognostic factors in hemodialysis patients: experience of a Havana Hospital

    Julio Valdivia; Carlos Gutirrez; Janete Treto; Ernesto Delgado; Daymiris Mndez; Irma Fernndez; Anselmo Abdo; Lourdes Prez; Mabel Forte; Yanisbell Rodrguez

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Knowledge of prognostic factors in end-stage renal disease patients has improved dialysis management and methods for reducing morbidity and mortality, underlining the importance of identification, prevention and control of these factors. OBJECTIVE: Identify factors affecting prognosis (survival or death) in hemodialysis patients at the Medical-Surgical Research Center in Havana over a ten-year period. METHODS: Descriptive, prospective study of 81 end-stage renal disease patients...

  12. Metabolic Acidosis in Maintenance Hemodialysis Patients: Clinical Impact and Intervention

    Kim, Ho-Jung; Han, Sang-Woong

    2007-01-01

    Metabolic acidosis has been considered as one of the reverse epidemiologic factors for the morbidity and mortality in maintenance hemodialysis patients (MHP). Expectedly, in the recent large scale epidemiologic study (The Dialysis Outcome Practice Pattern Study, DOPPS), a mild to moderate degree of predialysis metabolic acidosis has shown better nutritional status and lower relative risk for mortality and hospitalization in MHP. Similarly, another recent study of the largest sample size of MH...

  13. Pulmonary Hypertension and Predisposing Factors in Patients Receiving Hemodialysis

    Seyed Alijavad Mousavi

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of unexplained pulmonary hypertension (PHT among patients on hemodialysis at 2 centers and to evaluate possible predisposing factors.Materials and Methods. In this cross-sectional study, PHT was screened by Doppler echocardiography on the day after dialysis in 62 patients with end-stage renal disease receiving maintenance hemodialysis via arteriovenous access. Pulmonary hypertension was defined as a systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP higher than 35 mm Hg, and the systolic PAP was calculated using the modified Bernoulli equation. Clinical variables were compared between patients with and without PHT.Results. A PAP higher than 35 mm Hg was found in 32 patients (49.3% receiving hemodialysis, with a mean systolic PAP of 39.58 13.27 mm Hg. Blood hemoglobin level was significantly lower in the patients with PHT than those without PHT (9.8 1.97 g/dL versus 11.07 1.86 g/dL; P = .01. In addition, serum levels of albumin was lower in these patients (3.38 0.32 g/dL versus 3.75 0.44 g/dL; P = .02.Conclusions. This study demonstrates a surprisingly high prevalence of PHT among patients with end-stage renal disease receiving hemodialysis. We concluded that the best approach to this unrecognized complication that is associated with reduced survival is keeping it in mind and looking for it in the management of patients on dialysis.

  14. Prediction and validation of hemodialysis duration in acute methanol poisoning

    Lachance, Philippe; Mac-Way, Fabrice; Desmeules, Simon; De Serres, Sacha A; Julien, Anne-Sophie; Douville, Pierre; Ghannoum, Marc; Agharazii, Mohsen

    2015-01-01

    The duration of hemodialysis (HD) in methanol poisoning (MP) is dependent on the methanol concentration, the operational parameters used during HD, and the presence and severity of metabolic acidosis. However, methanol assays are not easily available, potentially leading to undue extension or premature termination of treatment. Here we provide a prediction model for the duration of high-efficiency HD in MP. In a retrospective cohort study, we identified 71 episodes of MP in 55 individuals who...

  15. Hepcidin and regulation of iron homeostasis in maintenance hemodialysis patients

    Dawlat Sany; Abd Elbasat Elsawy; Yasser Elshahawy

    2014-01-01

    Hepcidin may play a critical role in the response of patients with anemia to iron and erythropoiesis-stimulating agent therapy. To evaluate the factors affecting serum hepcidin levels and their relation to other indexes of anemia, iron metabolism and inflammation, as well as the dose of erythropoietin, we studied 80 maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients treated with recombinant human erythropoietin and their serum hepcidin levels were specifically measured by using a competitive enzyme-link...

  16. [Vascular access validity and treatment efficiency in hemodialysis].

    Ferrari, G; Talassi, E; Baraldi, C; Lambertini, D; Tarchini, R

    2003-01-01

    The vascular access is the "Achille's heel" of the modern hemodialysis. In order to obtain a good depuration, the blood flow in dialysis must be of 250-300 mL/min, at least. The procedures for the preparation and their complications are cause of the 25% of the hospital admissions in patients with chronic uremia in substitutive therapy. Gold standard is still represented from the distal arteriovenous fistulas of Cimino and Brescia. The alternatives to the native veins as the syntetic graft and the tunneled central venous catheteters or the Dialock system, revealed useful in the patients that have exausted the superficial veins, but are of second choice. The native fistula has an advanced validity, demonstrated from lower risk of mortality in the patients who use it, diabetic or not. These affirmations come just from USA, where the arteriovenous grafts prevail and the percentage of central venous catheters is elevated. Thrombosis, infections and reduced depurative efficiency are the main causes. In the Dialysis Unit of Mantova we adopted an aggressive approach to the construction of distal fistula. Out of 172 patients in chronic hemodialysis, 165 use an arterovenous fistula, 4 an arterovenous grafts (PTFE) and 3 a tunnelled central venous catheters (2 Permcath and 1 Tesio). The surgical activity between 1987 and 2001 included 858 procedures on 516 patients (medium ages 59.1 years): Among these, 815 are created from native veins, 28 by arterovenous graft fistulas and 15 with tunnelled hemodialysis catheters. Our current strategy recommended to candidate to permanent venous catheter only patients on chronic hemodialysis with exhausted periferal vascular bed and only when peritoneal dialisys is'nt possible. Generally, the management of the vascular access must preview one tight collaboration between nephrologists, nurses, patient, vascular surgeons and radiologists. PMID:12851917

  17. Effects of an aerobic training in patients on hemodialysis program

    Novo, André; Sousa, Tânia; Anes, Eugénia; Domingues, Ânia; Mendes, Eugénia; Baptista, Gorete; Viana, João

    2013-01-01

    Introduction and Aims: The Chronic Kidney Disease and the hemodialysis treatment has significant potential in changing negatively the lifestyle of these patients, leading them to a reliance on health care and rehabilitation and, eventually, loss of social roles. Because of the changes mentioned, it's essential the implementation of strategies and programs for exercise training, designed to minimize many of the complications of this syndrome and consequently contribute to an improved quality o...

  18. Sublethal Microcystin Exposure and Biochemical Outcomes among Hemodialysis Patients

    Hilborn, Elizabeth D.; Soares, Raquel M.; Servaites, Jerome C.; Delgado, Alvima G.; Magalhães, Valéria F.; Carmichael, Wayne W.; Azevedo, Sandra M. F. O.

    2013-01-01

    Cyanobacteria are commonly-occurring contaminants of surface waters worldwide. Microcystins, potent hepatotoxins, are among the best characterized cyanotoxins. During November, 2001, a group of 44 hemodialysis patients were exposed to microcystins via contaminated dialysate. Serum microcystin concentrations were quantified with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay which measures free serum microcystin LR equivalents (ME). We describe serum ME concentrations and biochemical outcomes among a subse...

  19. Virological features of hepatitis C virus infection in hemodialysis patients.

    Silini, E; Bono, F.; Cerino, A; Piazza, V; Solcia, E; Mondelli, M U

    1993-01-01

    The clinical and epidemiological relevance of circulating antibodies to hepatitis C virus (HCV) in hemodialysis patients is uncertain, since clinical signs of infection are often mild or absent, with alanine aminotransferase (ALT) values that are virtually always normal, and liver biopsies are only rarely performed. Determination of HCV RNA in serum is therefore critical for distinguishing chronic HCV infection from previous exposure to the virus. We studied HCV viremia by reverse transcripti...

  20. The best method of hepatitis B vaccination in hemodialysis patients?

    Momeni Ali

    2013-01-01

    Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:After a long time, the efficacy of vaccination against hepatitis B could be decreased and thus for maintenance of protective antibody titer, booster dose of vaccine is required. It seems that additional studies with different dose of vaccine, duration and method are necessary for finding of the best method of vaccination in terms of safety, effectiveness and convenience application of vaccine among hemodialysis patients.

  1. The Adequacy of Phosphorus Binder Prescriptions Among American Hemodialysis Patients

    Huml, Anne M.; Sullivan, Catherine M.; Leon, Janeen B.; Sehgal, Ashwini R

    2012-01-01

    Because hemodialysis treatment has a limited ability to remove phosphorus, dialysis patients must restrict dietary phosphorus intake and use phosphorus binding medication. Among patients with restricted dietary phosphorus intake (1000 mg/d), phosphorus binders must bind about 250 mg of excess phosphorus per day and among patients with more typical phosphorus intake (1500 mg/d), binders must bind about 750 mg per day. To determine the phosphorus binding capacity of binder prescriptions among A...

  2. Preparation of Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) Hollow Fiber Hemodialysis Membranes

    Qinglei Zhang; Xiaolong Lu; Lihua Zhao

    2014-01-01

    In this study, the polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hollow fiber hemodialysis membranes were prepared by non-solvent induced phase separation (NIPS). The influences of PVDF membrane thickness and polyethylene glycol (PEG) content on membrane morphologies, pore size, mechanical and permeable performance were investigated. It was found that membrane thickness and PEG content affected both the structure and performance of hollow fiber membranes. The tensile strength and rejection of bovine serum a...

  3. Analytical Solution of Multicompartment Solute Kinetics for Hemodialysis

    Przemys?aw Korohoda; Daniel Schneditz

    2013-01-01

    Objective. To provide an exact solution for variable-volume multicompartment kinetic models with linear volume change, and to apply this solution to a 4-compartment diffusion-adjusted regional blood flow model for both urea and creatinine kinetics in hemodialysis. Methods. A matrix-based approach applicable to linear models encompassing any number of compartments is presented. The procedure requires the inversion of a square matrix and the computation of its eigenvalues ?, assuming they are a...

  4. Vancomycin: the need to suit serum concentrations in hemodialysis patients

    Lvia Luize Marengo; Fernando S Del Fiol; Sara de Jesus Oliveira; Celso Nakagawa; Eduardo Leite Croco; Silvio Barberato-Filho; Marcela Pellegrini Peanha; Douglas Felix da Silva; Maria Ins de Toledo

    2010-01-01

    The vancomycin dose for hemodialysis (HD) patients should be adjusted by monitoring drug serum concentrations. However, this procedure is not available in most health services in Brazil, which usually adopts protocols based on published studies. The trials available are controversial, and several have not been conducted with current dialyzers. This study aimed at assessing the suitability of vancomycin serum concentrations in HD patients at a public hospital. Blood samples of HD patients were...

  5. Combined Hemoperfusion and Hemodialysis Treatment of Poisoning with Cholinesterase Inhibitors

    Durakovic, Zijad

    1993-01-01

    Three patients with cholinesterase inhibitor poisoning have been presented. The patients were in a deep coma and, in one of them, artificial mechanical respiration was instituted. All three cases were treated by a procedure combining hemodialysis and hemoperfusion with Amberlite resin (XAD-4), and the clinical picture improved over a short period of time. After the end of procedure, the platelet count was approximately 41% of normal, some aspects of these intoxications are discussed.

  6. Medical Complications in Hemodialysis Patients Requiring Vascular Access Radiology Procedures

    Hammes, Mary S.

    2004-01-01

    Vascular access maintenance is crucial to providing adequate hemodialysis (HD) and hence preventing signs and symptoms of uremia. The best vascular assess is a permanent arteriovenous fistula (AVF) because it has the longest survival with the least number of complications. However, because of problems with AVF maturation, the majority of HD in the United States is provided via an arteriovenous graft (AVG) or tunneled cuffed central venous catheter. The most common access complications include...

  7. Myocardial Stunning with Hemodialysis: Clinical Challenges of the Cardiorenal Patient

    Zuidema, Mozow Y.; Dellsperger, Kevin C.

    2012-01-01

    We discuss the current state of knowledge related to the pathogenesis of myocardial stunning as well as the potential mechanisms responsible for the clinical presentation of myocardial stunning in hemodialysis patients. We suggest future research areas for this critical and clinically important condition in this high-risk patient population. In consideration of acute and chronic changes secondary to dialysis, especially in patients with risk for coronary artery disease, the prevalence of myoc...

  8. Nonoxidized, biologically active parathyroid hormone determines mortality in hemodialysis patients

    Tepel, Martin; Armbruster, Franz Paul; Grön, Hans Jürgen; Scholze, Alexandra; Reichetzeder, Christoph; Roth, Heinz Jürgen; Hocher, Berthold

    2013-01-01

    Background: It was shown that nonoxidized PTH (n-oxPTH) is bioactive, whereas the oxidation of PTH results in a loss of biological activity. Methods: In this study we analyzed the association of n-oxPTH on mortality in hemodialysis patients using a recently developed assay system. Results......: Hemodialysis patients (224 men, 116 women) had a median age of 66 years. One hundred seventy patients (50%) died during the follow-up period of 5 years. Median n-oxPTH levels were higher in survivors (7.2 ng/L) compared with deceased patients (5.0 ng/L; P = .002). Survival analysis showed an increased survival......-oxPTH levels. Conclusions: The predictive power of n-oxPTH and iPTH on the mortality of hemodialysis patients differs substantially. Measurements of n-oxPTH may reflect the hormone status more precisely. The iPTH-associated mortality is most likely describing oxidative stress-related mortality....

  9. Eating habits and nutritional status of hemodialysis patients

    Juliane Meyer

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Hemodialysis (HD is a blood filtration process that removes excess of fluid and metabolites. The major determinants of morbidity and mortality in HD are the patients nutritional status and dialysis adequacy. Probably there is a significant interrelationship between these two factors, as well as patients receiving adequate dialysis have a higher overall wellness and consequently better food intake. The aim of this study was to identify eating habits and nutritional status of patients registered in the hemodialysis program in the city of Foz do Iguau-PR. Thirty-four patients were selected, 70.5% men and 29.5% women, in average 45 years old. To characterize the nutritional status were used Body Mass Index (BMI, total cholesterol, and Reduction Percentage Calculation of Urea (RPU. Dietary habits were investigated through a questionnaire on eating frequency. The results showed a predominance of normal individuals, according to BMI (47%, total cholesterol (60% and RPU (80% and the dietary habits showed that the results were not expected due to the socioeconomic level of patients. These results suggested that special attention must be given to maintaining the nutritional status of hemodialysis patients.

  10. Maintenance hemodialysis patients have high cumulative radiation exposure.

    Kinsella, Sinead M

    2010-10-01

    Hemodialysis is associated with an increased risk of neoplasms which may result, at least in part, from exposure to ionizing radiation associated with frequent radiographic procedures. In order to estimate the average radiation exposure of those on hemodialysis, we conducted a retrospective study of 100 patients in a university-based dialysis unit followed for a median of 3.4 years. The number and type of radiological procedures were obtained from a central radiology database, and the cumulative effective radiation dose was calculated using standardized, procedure-specific radiation levels. The median annual radiation dose was 6.9 millisieverts (mSv) per patient-year. However, 14 patients had an annual cumulative effective radiation dose over 20 mSv, the upper averaged annual limit for occupational exposure. The median total cumulative effective radiation dose per patient over the study period was 21.7 mSv, in which 13 patients had a total cumulative effective radiation dose over 75 mSv, a value reported to be associated with a 7% increased risk of cancer-related mortality. Two-thirds of the total cumulative effective radiation dose was due to CT scanning. The average radiation exposure was significantly associated with the cause of end-stage renal disease, history of ischemic heart disease, transplant waitlist status, number of in-patient hospital days over follow-up, and death during the study period. These results highlight the substantial exposure to ionizing radiation in hemodialysis patients.

  11. Hemodialysis services: are public policies turned to guaranteeing the access?

    Barbieri, Ana Rita; Gonçalves, Crhistinne Cavalheiro Maymone; Cheade, Maria de Fátima Meinberg; Souza, Cristina; Tsuha, Daniel Henrique; Ferreira, Kássio Costa; Rasi, Lucas; Paranhos Filho, Antonio Conceição

    2015-07-01

    The increasing incidence of chronic renal failure in Brazil and the consequential expansion of hemodialysis as a choice for treatment in final stage have to be taken into account to guarantee access to those in need. The ecological study conducted in Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, in 2012, using data from the Brazilian Health Informatics Department (DATASUS) and from the analysis of medical records in 12 clinics, identified and mapped patients on hemodialysis, the distance they travelled and the estimated number of patients. The prevalence of hemodialysis patients in Mato Grosso do Sul State, about 55 per 100,000 inhabitants, is similar to the national average. The analyses indicated concentration of patients in counties with clinics and also geographical gaps that generate displacement of over 100km for more than 16% of patients. The results point to the necessity of strengthening public policies that consider, for decision-making, the decentralization of service, the expansion of home care and the follow-up education for professionals. PMID:26248105

  12. Prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors in hemodialysis patients

    Ana Tereza Vaz de Souza Freitas

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 344 hemodialysis patients from Goiânia, Goiás aged 18 years or more. The dependent variable, malnutrition, was investigated by the Subjective Global Assessment. The independent variables included socioeconomic, demographic, and lifestyle data, clinical history, and energy and protein intakes. The patients underwent anthropometric measurements and laboratory tests. Multiple Poisson regression determined the associated factors (p60 months (PR=1.08, 95%CI=1.01-1.16, Kt/V>1.2 (RP=1.12, 95%CI=1.03-1.22, calorie intake <35 kcal/kg/day (PR=1.22, 95%CI=1.10-1.34, and normalized protein nitrogen appearance <1.0 g/kg/day (PR=1.13, 95%CI=1.05-1.21. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of malnutrition in this population was high, corroborating the literature. The prevalence was higher in patients aged less than 29 years and those with low family income, longer hemodialysis vintage, higher Kt/V, and inadequate protein and calorie intakes. Strategies to reverse this situation should include more nutritional care.

  13. Complications of arteriovenous hemodialysis fistulas: angiographic findings and interventional treatments

    To analyze angiographic findings and to evaluate prognosis after interventional treatment of complication arteriovenous hemodialysis fistulas. We reviewed 19 patients of complicated arteriovenous hemodialysis fistulas between June 1993 and January 1995. The angiographic findings of 19 patients were analyzed and outcome and interventional treatment in 12 patients were evaluated. On angiography, there were 15 stenosis, 3 complete occlusion, and a poor arterialization of venous side. Two of there were combined with pseudoaneurym. Most common location and the lesion was cephalic vein (6/19) alone or with neighboring anastomosis(5/19). Other location included anastomosis(2/19), radial artery (1/19), radial artery with cephalic vein(2/19), and central vein(2/19). The percutaneous transluminal angioplasty was performed in 8 patients, thrombolysis in 3, and both procedures in 1. The overall success rate of the interventional treatment was 75%(8/12). It is suggested that the interventional procedures could replace the surgery as the primary choice for the treatment of complicated arteriovenous hemodialysis fistulas, considering its safety, high initial success rate and lower morbidity

  14. Thoracic CT findings in long-term hemodialysis patients

    Purpose: To evaluate thoracic CT findings of long-term hemodialysis patients. Material and methods: Thoracic CT findings of 117 umremic patients (61 men, 56 women) with complaints of cough, dyspnea, low-grade pyrexia, malaise, weight loss, and profuse perspiration were retrospectively documented. Results: Atelectasis (60%), cardiomegaly (60%), pleural effusion (51%), vascular congestion (44%), parenchymal consolidation (38%), parenchymal scarring-fibrosis (31%), and lymphadenopathy (29%) were the most common CT findings in the thoraces of the long-term hemodialysis patients. Staphylococcus aureus was detected in 13 patients (11%) who had parenchymal infiltration. Thoracid tuberculosis was identified in 15 patients (13%), 11 of these cases being confined to the lung parenchyma, 3 to the pleura, and 1 involving the pleura and pericardium. Conclusion: In patients under long-term hemodialysis treatment, parenchymal consolidation, secondary to infectious agents such as S. aureus and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, is the most important CT finding since these lesions can be detected and treated successfully if they are considered as etiologic factors early on. (orig.)

  15. Hepcidin levels in chronic hemodialysis patients: a critical evaluation.

    Valenti, Luca; Messa, Piergiorgio; Pelusi, Serena; Campostrini, Natascia; Girelli, Domenico

    2014-05-01

    Altered systemic iron metabolism is a key element of uremia, and functional iron deficiency mainly related to subclinical inflammation makes it difficult to maintain proper control of anemia in chronic hemodialysis patients (CHD). In the last decade, the hepatic hormone hepcidin has been progressively recognized as the master regulator of circulating iron levels through the modulation of cellular iron fluxes in response to iron stores, as well as to erythroid and inflammatory stimuli. Hepcidin is cleared by the kidney and progression of renal disease has been associated to increased serum hepcidin levels. This, in turn, reduces iron availability for erythropoiesis, suggesting anti-hepcidin strategies for improving anemia control. Moreover, hepcidin has been recently implicated in the pathogenesis of long-term complications of dialysis, like accelerated atherosclerosis. Initial studies almost invariably reported a sustained increase of serum hepcidin in chronic hemodialysis patients. Noteworthy, such studies included relatively few patients and controls that were poorly matched for major determinants of serum hepcidin at population level, i.e., age and gender. More recent data based on accurately matched larger series challenge the view that hepcidin is intrinsically increased in hemodialysis patients, showing a marked inter- and intra-individual variability of hormone levels. Here we take a critical look to the data published so far on hepcidin levels in CHD, analyze the reasons underlying the discrepancies in available studies and the hepcidin variability in CHD, and point out the need for further studies in large series of well-characterized CHD patients and controls. PMID:24231125

  16. Transmission of hepatitis C virus infection in hemodialysis: current concepts.

    Fabrizi, F; Messa, P; Martin, P

    2008-12-01

    A variety of epidemiological data provides evidence for the occurrence of nosocomial transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection to hemodialysis (HD) patients. The most important factor implicated in HCV transmission between patients treated in the same dialysis unit is cross-contamination from supplies and surfaces as a result of failure of staff to follow infection control procedures. Parts of the HCV genome are highly variable and lend themselves to fingerprinting of each isolate using nucleic acid testing (NAT) and sequencing. This approach has permitted investigation of possible transmission routes within HD units. A systematic review of molecular virology papers revealed transmission of HCV via internal fluid pathways of the dialysis machines in a minority of reports only. Dialyzer reuse was not identified as a risk factor for HCV acquisition in multicenter databases. No randomized controlled trials exist on the impact of isolation on the risk of transmission of HCV to hemodialysis patients. A Belgian prospective multicenter study showed a reduction from 1.4% to 0% in the annual incidence of seroconversion for HCV without any isolation measures, by implementation of strict infection control procedures designed to prevent transmission of blood-borne pathogens, including HCV. However, an isolation policy for HCV-infected dialysis patients should be considered in dialysis units where nosocomial transmission of HCV persists despite reinforcement and audit of hygienic precautions for hemodialysis. Routine audit precautions (general and for dialysis machines) are recommended on a regular basis within HD units. PMID:19115192

  17. Hemodialysis Catheter Heat Transfer for Biofilm Prevention and Treatment.

    Richardson, Ian P; Sturtevant, Rachael; Heung, Michael; Solomon, Michael J; Younger, John G; VanEpps, J Scott

    2016-01-01

    Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are not easily treated, and many catheters (e.g., hemodialysis catheters) are not easily replaced. Biofilms (the source of infection) on catheter surfaces are notoriously difficult to eradicate. We have recently demonstrated that modest elevations of temperature lead to increased staphylococcal susceptibility to vancomycin and significantly soften the biofilm matrix. In this study, using a combination of microbiological, computational, and experimental studies, we demonstrate the efficacy, feasibility, and safety of using heat as an adjuvant treatment for infected hemodialysis catheters. Specifically, we show that treating with heat in the presence of antibiotics led to additive killing of Staphylococcus epidermidis with similar trends seen for Staphylococcus aureus and Klebsiella pneumoniae. The magnitude of temperature elevation required is relatively modest (45-50C) and similar to that used as an adjuvant to traditional cancer therapy. Using a custom-designed benchtop model of a hemodialysis catheter, positioned with tip in the human vena cava as well as computational fluid dynamic simulations, we demonstrate that these temperature elevations are likely achievable in situ with minimal increased in overall blood temperature. PMID:26501916

  18. The role of xanthine oxidase in hemodialysis-induced oxidative injury: relationship with nutritional status.

    Miric, Dijana; Kisic, Bojana; Stolic, Radojica; Miric, Bratislav; Mitic, Radoslav; Janicijevic-Hudomal, Snezana

    2013-01-01

    The role of xanthine oxidase (XOD) in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis treatment (HD) is poorly understood. Geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) ? 90 could be linked with malnutrition-inflammation complex syndrome. This study measured XOD, myeloperoxidase (MPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), lipid hydroperoxides, total free thiol groups, and advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) in 50 HD patients before commencing (pre-HD) and immediately after completion of HD session (post-HD) and in 22 healthy controls. Pre-HD serum hydroperoxides, AOPP, XOD, and SOD were higher and total thiol groups were lower in patients than in controls (P 90 (P = 0.002). In a multiple regression analysis, post-HD serum XOD activity was independently associated with GNRI ? 90 ( ? SE: 0.398 0.151; P = 0.012) and HD vintage ( ? SE: -0.349 0.139; P = 0.016). These results indicate that an upregulated XOD may be implicated in HD-induced oxidative injury contributing to accelerated protein damage in patients with GNRI ? 90. PMID:23819009

  19. Body composition, fitness score and arterial stiffness assesment in a chronic hemodialysis population

    Adelina Mih?escu

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis have a high risk of cardiovascular disease. Arterial stiffness is highly prevalent in this type of patients. The aim of our study was to analyse the relationship between body composition, blood chemistries and arterial stiffness in a poorly fit population of chronic hemodialysed patients. Patients and methods involved measuring body composition and fitness score by multifrequence bioimpedance with the body composition analyzer InBody720 and arterial stiffness by the measurement of aortic Pulse Wave Velocity (PWVao and Aortic Augmentation Index (Aix using an oscillometric method on 65 HD patients; measurements were made before a midweek dialysis session. Results: PWVao correlated significantly with weight (p=0.01, r2=1.14, body fat mass (p=0.007, r2=0.14, abdominal circumference (p=0.01, r2=0.12 and with fitness score (p=0.01, r2=0.11. Aix correlated with weight (p<0.05, r2=0.25, intracellular, extracellular- and total body water (p<0.05, r2=0.24 with body protein, soft lean mass, minerals, fat free mass and skeletal muscle mass (p<0.05, r2= 0.3 and with serum calcium (p=0.005, r2=0.2. Conclusions: Arterial stiffness is a common feature of the hemodialysed patients, significantly related to the blood calcium, fitness score and the body composition, especially fat body mass.

  20. Avaliao da capacidade funcional e da qualidade de vida em pacientes renais crnicos submetidos a tratamento hemodialtico Assessment of functional capacity and quality of life in chronic renal patients under hemodialysis treatment

    Marina Stela Cunha

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo visou avaliar a capacidade funcional e a qualidade de vida em pacientes com incapacidade renal crnica (IRC submetidos a tratamento hemodialtico e verificar possveis correlaes entre essas variveis clnicas e idade, ndice de massa corprea (IMC e tempo de hemodilise. Dezesseis pacientes com IRC foram submetidos avaliao da capacidade funcional pelo teste de caminhada de seis minutos (TC6', mensurao das presses inspiratria e expiratria mxima, e pela aplicao da escala de severidade da fadiga. Tambm responderam ao questionrio SF-36, sobre qualidade de vida relacionada sade (QV. A capacidade funcional mostrou-se abaixo dos valores preditos no TC6' e na fora dos msculos respiratrios (principalmente expiratrios; e todos apresentaram em mdia fadiga leve. Pacientes com mais de 60 anos e aqueles com menor tempo de hemodilise apresentaram baixa capacidade funcional apenas quanto distncia caminhada, sem prejuzo das demais funes. O IMC no interferiu na capacidade funcional. O escore mdio no SF-36 foi 72,3; dor e prejuzo na vitalidade foram indicados como os itens que mais interferem em sua QV, tendo os fatores idade, ndice de massa corporal e tempo de hemodilise no se mostrado relevantes na maioria dos domnios avaliados pelo SF-36. Os resultados sugerem que, com pouca interferncia da idade e do tempo de hemodilise, pacientes com IRC submetidos a tratamento hemodialtico apresentam prejuzos na capacidade funcional e na QV.This study aimed at evaluating the functional capacity and health-related quality of life in chronic renal insufficiency (CRI patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment, also checking possible correlations between these clinical variables and age, body mass index (BMI, and hemodialysis time. Sixteen patients were submitted to functional capacity assessment by means of the six-minute walk test (6WT, measures of maximal inspiratory and expiratory pressures, and by the fatigue severity scale (FSS. Patients also answered the SF-36 questionnaire. Functional capacity proved to be below predicted values at the 6WT and at respiratory, mainly expiratory muscles; mean FSS scores pointed to moderate fatigue. Patients over 60 years old and those with lesser hemodialysis time showed lower functional capacity only as to the distance walked at the 6WT. BMI did not interfere with functional capacity. Mean overall SF-36 scores were low; pain and lesser vitality were pointed as the SF-36 domains that most interfere in quality of life; age, BMI, and hemodialysis time have not shown to be relevant to most SF-36 domains. Results suggest that, with slight interference of age and hemodialysis time, patients with CRI undergoing hemodialysis treatment have poor functional capacity and health-related quality of life.