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Sample records for turkish 14-year-old students

  1. A Study on prevalence of detofacial anomalies in 12 to 14 years old students inTehran

    Rashidi Birgani M; Ravanmehr H

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of dentofacial anomalies in 12 to 14 years old students in Tehran."nThe sample consisted of 500 students. 250 of them were females and 250 were males. The evaluation of saggital skeletal relationships revealed tha 16% of samples had normal occlusion, 48% of them had CI I malocclusion, 15,6% had CI II Div I malocclusion, 12% of them had CI HI malocclnsion, 5.2% of them had CI. II Div 2 malocclusion and 3.2% of them had pseudo CI II...

  2. Assessing metaphor comprehension as a metasemantic ability in students from 9-to-14 years-old.

    Paolo Iliceto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a test for assessing metaphor comprehension (MCT in explicit linguistic form for subjects aged 9- to 14 years-old, i.e. in a transitional age where significant qualitative changes appear for this type of ability. Metaphor is viewed as a form of semantic conflict induced by the anomalous combination of the conventional meanings of its main constituents - tenor and vehicle - and metaphor comprehension is framed as a metasemantic ability based on the analysis of these meanings (Gombert 1990, that can have implications both for teaching and for learning strategies.The authors propose a functionalist piagetian frame, based on Piaget’s latest equilibration model (1975, for analysing how this semantic conflict can be faced and solved by children in the developmental span considered. The test is paper-and-pencil, composed of 12 items subdivided into 2 groups of metaphors: Psycho-physical (PP and Conceptual (C, mainly drawn and adapted to Italian language from international literature on metaphor comprehension. The sample is composed of 874 Italian children from 4th to 8th grade, with gender balance, of average social background. By means of Principal Components Analysis, with oblimin rotation, a two-factor solution emerged, that espouses the C/PP metaphors distinction. All corrected item-total correlation coefficients >.30 were representative and acceptable. Correlation coefficients between MCT and Standard progressive Matrices (SPM38 and some validated metalinguistic subtests were all significant at p <0.01 level, showing good convergent validity. Cronbach’s Alpha coefficients for the two subscales were: .62 (C, .51 (PP and .70 for MCT total score. Test-retest correlation oefficients for the two subscales were .79 (C, .69 (PP, and .83 for MCT total score. Cohen’s Kappa coefficients for interrater reliability are: .75 (4th-5th, .74 (6th, .67 (7th, .81 (8th. A twofactor ANOVA (gender and age showed that the test is gender

  3. Development of a Sex Education Programme for 12-Year-Old to 14-Year-Old Turkish Adolescents

    Cok, Figen; Gray, Lizbeth Ann

    2007-01-01

    Previous research has documented a need for the development of a sex education programme in Turkish schools in terms of adolescence readiness and the presence of misconceptions regarding critical aspects of sexual issues. Currently no school-based sex education is available for Turkish adolescents. This paper presents the development of a…

  4. A Study on prevalence of detofacial anomalies in 12 to 14 years old students inTehran

    Rashidi Birgani M

    1998-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of dentofacial anomalies in 12 to 14 years old students in Tehran."nThe sample consisted of 500 students. 250 of them were females and 250 were males. The evaluation of saggital skeletal relationships revealed tha 16% of samples had normal occlusion, 48% of them had CI I malocclusion, 15,6% had CI II Div I malocclusion, 12% of them had CI HI malocclnsion, 5.2% of them had CI. II Div 2 malocclusion and 3.2% of them had pseudo CI III malocclusion. The prevalence of other dentofacial anomalies obtained in this study are, crowding 40.6%, deepbite 27.2%, spacing 20.6%, mandibular deviation 19.4%, unilateral posterior crossbite 9.2%, anterior openbite 6.6%, posterior openbite 5.6%, asymmetry 1.6% and bilateral posterior crossbite 1.6%. The prevalence of dental anomalies in the sample population was as follws: rotated teeth 13.4%, malposed teeth 12.2%, teeth with large size 3.2%, malshaped teeth 2.4% and teeth with smal size 2%. A part from determining the total values mentioned, the prevalence of saggital relationships oral dentofacial anomalies was assessed separately in each of the female and the male samples.

  5. EFFECT OF SELF-CONFIDENCE LEVELS OF 12-14 YEARS OLD STUDENTS ON THEIR SERVING ABILITY IN VOLLEYBALL

    Erkan; Gülsüm; Mehibe

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine self-confidence lecel of students on serving ability in volleyball.The sample group of the study is consisted of 80 students aged 12-14 , attending Primary of Saraçoğlu Toki Mustafa Çetin. Both the experimental and the control group were applied Piers Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale by Piers Harris before and after 8 week procedure.The SPSS statistical program (version 16.0) was used for data analysis. Findings were summarized with mean and standard de...

  6. EFFECT OF SELF-CONFIDENCE LEVELS OF 12-14 YEARS OLD STUDENTS ON THEIR SERVING ABILITY IN VOLLEYBALL

    Erkan

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to examine self-confidence lecel of students on serving ability in volleyball.The sample group of the study is consisted of 80 students aged 12-14 , attending Primary of Saraçoğlu Toki Mustafa Çetin. Both the experimental and the control group were applied Piers Harris Children’s Self-Concept Scale by Piers Harris before and after 8 week procedure.The SPSS statistical program (version 16.0 was used for data analysis. Findings were summarized with mean and standard deviation. One- Sample Kolmogorov-Smirnov was used to determine whether the data has normal distribution, independent-samples t-tests were used to determine significant differences among independent variables while Paired Sample test was used to determine the significant differences among the dependent variables. For this study, the criterion for significance was set at an alpha level of p0,05.To Conclude, in the present study conducted to examine self-confidence level of students on serving ability in volleyballi it was found that volleyball exercises appilied to the expermental group led to significant difference effecting self-confidence level and serving ability.As a result,we can say that volleyball exercises can effect self-confidence and serving ability of students aged 12-14 positively.

  7. Comparison of oral hygiene status among 6-14 year old students of public and private schools of Rajbiraj, Saptari, Nepal

    TK Bhagat; Shrestha, A; TN Yadav

    2015-01-01

    Aim To determine the oral hygiene status of 6-14 years old school children in Rajbiraj, Nepal. Materials and Methods Three hundred school children from public and private schools were examined for oral hygiene status using OHI(S). Descriptive statistics and independent sample t-tests were done. Results There was no significant difference in the oral hygiene status among gender, but the oral hygiene status of the children in private schools was better than that of the public school. Conclusion...

  8. Disk degeneration in 14 year old children

    This paper reports low back symptoms of 1,500 school children (14 years old) evaluated with a questionnaire and with a standardized clinical examination. Forty children who complained of recurrent and/or persistent low back pain and 40 matching symptomless controls were randomly chosen to undergo MR imaging of the lumbar spine. Premature disk degeneration was seen in 25.5% of asymptomatic children and in 40% of those with low back pain. The difference was statistically not significant. Disk degeneration is a surprisingly frequent MR finding in symptomless children. Premature disk degeneration may be the cause of low back pain in some children but is not always symptomatic in childhood

  9. Appreciation and implementation of the Krachtvoer healthy diet promotion programme for 12- to 14- year-old students of prevocational schools

    Bessems Kathelijne MHH

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Krachtvoer is a school-based healthy diet programme, developed in 2001 and revised in 2007 to meet the needs of particular segments of the target population as well as a wider target group. The main aims of the present process evaluation of the revised programme were to examine student and teacher appreciation of the programme, completeness of and adherence to its implementation, and relations between appreciation and completeness of implementation. Methods Data were collected among 22 teachers and 1117 students of 13 schools, using student evaluation forms, teacher logbooks, telephone interviews, and classroom observations. Results Results indicate favourable levels of teacher and student appreciation for the programme in general and the revised elements. Girls, first-year students and students with more favourable dietary intakes particularly appreciated individual programme elements. Levels of completeness of implementation were high, but several teachers did not adhere to the intended implementation period. Some moderately strong relations were found between teacher appreciation and completeness of implementation scores. Conclusion We conclude that the revisions have resulted in a programme that was appreciated well, also by the extended target group, and was implemented with a high degree of completeness. Teacher appreciation proved potentially important for completeness of implementation. We identified several aspects requiring improvement, indicating the importance of continued programme updates and repeated evaluation.

  10. Epidemiological investigation of dental caries on 12, 14 years old students in Pinghu City of Zhejiang Province%浙江省平湖市12、14岁学生龋病流行病学调查

    吴玲英

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解平湖市城乡12、14岁年龄组学生恒牙龋齿状况及相关发病因素,为龋病预防提供科学依据。方法采取随机抽样调查方法,按照WHO口腔调查基本方法中的龋病诊断标准对平湖市城乡12岁1030名和14岁1012名学生进行口腔龋病及相关因素调查。结果1030名12岁学生患龋率为56.02%,龋均为1.30,显著性龋均指数3.06,充填率9.71%,残冠残根率10.98%,有80.10%儿童偏好甜食和饮料或二者同时兼食。14岁1012名学生患龋率为60.87%,龋均为1.71,显著性龋均指数3.98,充填率19.96%,残冠残根率17.89%,89.43%学生偏好甜食和饮料或二者同时兼食。两组女性患龋率均高于男性,差异有统计学(P0.05)。结论平湖市12、14岁学生患龋率高,残冠残根率较高,治疗率低,偏好甜食和饮料者多。%Objective To investigate the permanent dental caries status and related risk factors on 12, 14 years old stu-dents in Pinghu City, to provide the scientific evidence of caries disease prevention. Methods 1030 cases of 12 years old students and 1012 cases of 14 years old students were selected to investigate the permanent dental caries status and related risk factors according to random sampling method and WHO oral survey basic method in Pinghu City. Re-sults Dental caries rate of 12 years old students among 1030 cases was 56.02%, average caries was 1.30, significant caries index was 3.06, dental caries filling ratio was 9.71%, the residual crown and residual root rate was 10.98%, 80.10% children were enjoyed with sweet food and drinks or both of them. Dental caries rate of 14 years old students among 1012 cases was 60.87%, average caries was 1.71, significant caries index was 3.98, dental caries filling ratio was 19.96%, the residual crown and residual root rate was 17.89%, 89.43% children were enjoyed with sweet food and drinks or both of them. The dental caries rate in female was higher than that in male in both groups, the

  11. Appreciation and implementation of the Krachtvoer healthy diet promotion programme for 12- to 14- year-old students of prevocational schools

    Bessems, K.M.; Assema, P. van; Martens, M.K.; Paulussen, T.G.; Raaijmakers, L.G.; Vries, N.K. de

    2011-01-01

    Background: Krachtvoer is a school-based healthy diet programme, developed in 2001 and revised in 2007 to meet the needs of particular segments of the target population as well as a wider target group. The main aims of the present process evaluation of the revised programme were to examine student a

  12. Appreciation and implementation of the Krachtvoer healthy diet promotion programme for 12- to 14- year-old students of prevocational schools

    Bessems Kathelijne MHH; Assema Patricia van; Martens Marloes K; Paulussen Theo GWM; Raaijmakers Lieke GM; De Vries Nanne K

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Krachtvoer is a school-based healthy diet programme, developed in 2001 and revised in 2007 to meet the needs of particular segments of the target population as well as a wider target group. The main aims of the present process evaluation of the revised programme were to examine student and teacher appreciation of the programme, completeness of and adherence to its implementation, and relations between appreciation and completeness of implementation. Methods Data were colle...

  13. The differences in attitudes about their society between 14 year old pupils with and without an immigration background; a cross-national comparison

    Prokic, Tijana; Dronkers, Jaap

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we analyze the attitudes of 14 year old children of first and second generation immigrants and their civic attitudes about (aspects of) the society of destination. We use data from the Civic Education Study conducted by International Educational Association (IAE) in 1999. This Civic Education Study tests civic knowledge, civic attitudes and civic participation of 14 year old students. We have five dependent variables in 11 countries: trust in government related institution posit...

  14. Acne isolated within a Becker nevus of a 14 year-old girl

    Juhl, Mark; Pappo, Eden; Bain, Michelle

    2015-01-01

    Becker nevus (BN) is a common benign condition occurring most often in young men, much more often than in women. Acne isolated within a BN is a rare phenomenon hypothesized to occur, at least in part, due to increased androgen sensitivity within the nevus. We present a rare case of papular acne with in a BN of a 14 year-old girl.

  15. Cervical ankylosis following Grisel's syndrome in a 14-year-old boy with infectious mononucleosis

    Non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation (Grisel's syndrome) is an uncommon complication of neck space infection or otolaryngologic procedures. It most frequently affects children, although it may occur in adults. We present a 14-year-old boy with Grisel's syndrome as a complication of infectious mononucleosis proceeding to cervical ankylosis. (orig.)

  16. RESPIRATORY PARAMETERS EFFICIENCY IN SPORTS RESULTS AMONG 14-YEAR OLD MALE AND FEMALE SWIMMERS

    Dybinska Ewa

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to test fitness levels of chosen parameters in the respiratory system in comparison to sports results in a group of 100m medley 14-year old male and female swimmers. The main measurement method was based on immediate observation of the following variables: a The fitness level of particular parameters in the respiratory system, b The level of swimming fitness. Based on the detailed analysis of the chosen respiratory parameter levels among 14-year old male and female swimmers in relation to their sports result in 100m medley distance, the following general statements have been formulated: the average levels of the chosen respiratory parameters estimated, in most of the cases, above average, especially among female swimmers.

  17. Bilateral Epididymal Cyst in 14 year-old Boy: a case report

    Yiğit Akin; Mehmet Sarac; Isil Basara; Selcuk Yucel; Ahmet Kazez

    2014-01-01

    Bilateral epididymal cysts are rare in childhood. Clinically they may present as acute scrotum and should be differentiated from other pathologies. Here in, we report bilateral epididymal cysts in a 14-year-old boy. He was admitted to emergency department with symptoms of acute left scrotum. There was no history of trauma or infection. Blood analyses, including testis tumor markers were unremarkable. Bilateral epididymal cysts were diagnosed on ultrasonography evaluation. Medical treatment di...

  18. School achievement in 14-year-old youths prenatally exposed to marijuana

    Goldschmidt, Lidush; Richardson, Gale A.; Willford, Jennifer A.; Severtson, Stevan G.; Day, Nancy L.

    2011-01-01

    The relation between prenatal marijuana exposure (PME) and school achievement was evaluated in a sample of 524 14-year-olds. Women were recruited during pregnancy and assessed, along with their offspring, at multiple phases from infancy to early adulthood. The sample represents a low-income population. Half of the adolescents are male and 55% are African American. School achievement was assessed with the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT) Screener (Psychological Corporation, 1992). A...

  19. Coronary artery spasm after ingestion of Imodium (loperamide) in a 14-year-old boy

    Sehar, Tayyaba; Sadiq, Masood

    2016-01-01

    We report a 14-year-old boy who presented with acute chest pain, following the ingestion of loperamide for acute diarrhea. Twelve lead electrocardiogram (ECG) showed evidence of acute ischemia indicating acute coronary artery spasm. The changes reverted with treatment within a few hours with no permanent effect on myocardial function. This report highlights a rare side effect of loperamide, often debated in adults and never reported in adolescents. PMID:27212851

  20. Acute appendicitis in a 14-year-old boy with familial Mediterranean fever

    Yoshihiko Sakurai; Takaaki Murata; Hirohisa Hirata; Takeshi Morita

    2015-01-01

    Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is one manifestation of a heritable periodic fever syndrome that is characterized by recurrent attacks of febrile polyserositis, most frequently peritonitis. An FMF abdominal attack is often misdiagnosed as acute appendicitis, a more common cause of an acute abdomen. We report a 14-year-old boy with FMF who developed acute appendicitis during his follow-up. The patient had a several-year history of abdominal pain episodes, and was initially admitted for an a...

  1. Oral submucous fibrosis: a premalignant condition in a 14-year-old Indian girl

    Deshpande, Anshula; Kiran, Shital; Dhillon, Steffi; Mallikarjuna, Rachappa

    2013-01-01

    A 14-year-old Indian girl presented with difficulty in mouth opening and burning sensation while eating. On examination, blanching of the oral mucosa with diffuse white pigmented lesion of size 3.5 to 2 cm along with melanotic pigmentation was seen on the left buccal mucosa posteriorly. The patient was diagnosed with oral submucous fibrosis. A comprehensive treatment plan was made based on conservative management that included motivation and intense counselling of the patient and her parents ...

  2. Physical activity during recess among 13–14 year old Mexican girls

    Medina, Catalina; Barquera, Simon; Peter T. Katzmarzyk; Janssen, Ian

    2015-01-01

    Background Physical activity patterns during recess have been poorly described among adolescents. Physical activity levels could be captured the most accurately using a combination of instruments. The purposes of this study were to describe the physical activity patterns during school recess in a sample of 13–14 year old Mexican girls, to examine differences in these patters as assessed using three physical activity measurement instruments and to understand the influence of body weight status...

  3. Invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl

    Breast cancer is rare in children and adolescents. In particular, there are very few cases of invasive ductal carcinoma in childhood. We report a case of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl presenting as a palpable mass. While the tumor demonstrated a relatively benign appearance on ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging revealed typical malignant features. Several polymorphisms of single nucleotide variation were observed on gene analysis. The patient underwent breast conserving surgery and received subsequent concurrent chemo-radiation therapy. An awareness that ductal carcinoma of the breast rarely occurs in children is important to detect early stage breast cancer. (orig.)

  4. Genetic risk factors of disc degeneration among 12-14-year-old Danish children

    Eskola, Pasi J.; Kjær, Per; Daavittila, Iita M.;

    2010-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to examine the associations between eleven putative predisposing single nucleotide polymorphisms (COL9A3, COL11A2, IL1A, IL1B, IL6 and VDR) and early disc degeneration (DD). The population consisted of 12 to 14-year-old Danish children (N=352). DD was...... evaluated from magnetic resonance im- ages (MRI). We analysed the association between DD and single nucleotide polymorphisms or haplotypes using logis- tic regression analyses. Of the 352 children studied, 73 boys and 81 girls had no MRI changes, while 30 boys and 36 girls had lumbar DD. Among girls, IL1A...

  5. Invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl

    Kim, Joo Yeon; Kim, Yun Ju; Kim, Sung Hun; Kang, Bong Joo [Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Song, Byung Joo [The Catholic University of Korea, Department of General Surgery, Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-11-15

    Breast cancer is rare in children and adolescents. In particular, there are very few cases of invasive ductal carcinoma in childhood. We report a case of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl presenting as a palpable mass. While the tumor demonstrated a relatively benign appearance on ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging revealed typical malignant features. Several polymorphisms of single nucleotide variation were observed on gene analysis. The patient underwent breast conserving surgery and received subsequent concurrent chemo-radiation therapy. An awareness that ductal carcinoma of the breast rarely occurs in children is important to detect early stage breast cancer. (orig.)

  6. Sarcoma botryoides in a 14 year old girl: a rare case

    Salil Bindu Chakrabarty

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (Sarcoma botryoides of the uterine cervix is an uncommon entity. Because of extreme rarity its discussion has mainly been in the light of individual case reports. We report a case of a 14-year old female who presented with irregular vaginal bleeding and cervical polyp. Her biopsy specimen confirmed sarcoma botryoides and she underwent abdominal hysterectomy with wide excision of vaginal cuff after a multidisciplinary consultation. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(3.000: 927-929

  7. Bilateral Epididymal Cyst in 14 year-old Boy: a case report

    Yiğit Akin

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Bilateral epididymal cysts are rare in childhood. Clinically they may present as acute scrotum and should be differentiated from other pathologies. Here in, we report bilateral epididymal cysts in a 14-year-old boy. He was admitted to emergency department with symptoms of acute left scrotum. There was no history of trauma or infection. Blood analyses, including testis tumor markers were unremarkable. Bilateral epididymal cysts were diagnosed on ultrasonography evaluation. Medical treatment did not stop his scrotal pain. During scrotal exploration, there was no evidence of testicular torsion or any other pathology. An excision of cyst was performed. Histopathologically, the cyst wall was lined by columnar epithelia. As a result of these findings, a pathological diagnosis of epididymal cyst was made. The synchronized evaluation of clinical and ultrasonography findings with an appropriate histopathological evaluation can usually diagnose this rare pathology.

  8. Frontal bone tuberculosis presenting with blindness in a 14-year-old girl: a case report

    Shameem Mohammad

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The occurrence of tuberculosis in the flat bones of the skull is very rare. Only eight cases of tuberculosis of the frontal bone have been reported in the literature. Case presentation A 14-year-old girl of Asian ethnicity presented with gradual loss of vision. A computed tomography scan of her head showed a diffuse, homogeneously ill-defined hyperdense lesion of size 2.9 × 5.3 cm (anteroposterior × thickness involving the right orbit. Biopsy of the lesion confirmed the presence of epithelioid cells and Langerhans giant cells with caseous material. After surgical debridement with antitubercular treatment, the patient had an uneventful recovery. Conclusion Although rare, tuberculosis can affect the flat bones of the skull. Tuberculosis of the frontal bone can be included in the differential diagnosis of blindness.

  9. Erosive Tooth Wear and Related Risk Factors in 8- and 14-Year-Old Greek Children.

    Provatenou, Efthymia; Kaklamanos, Eleftherios G; Kevrekidou, Aikaterini; Kosma, Ismini; Kotsanos, Nikolaos

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the erosive tooth wear of primary and permanent teeth and its association with related risk factors. Two groups of Greek children aged 8 (n = 329) and 14 years (n = 263) were examined in the classroom using the Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE) index. Data concerning risk factors were collected using questionnaires. Dental caries (DMFS/dmfs) was also recorded. The data were analyzed using the t test, one-way ANOVA, multiple regression analysis, Fisher's exact test, and the χ2 test. In the 8-year-olds, the primary teeth showed a predominantly medium level of wear and the permanent teeth no wear. A majority of the 14-year-olds exhibited low risk levels of wear. The most frequently affected dental surface in both age groups was the occlusal surface of the mandibular posterior teeth. In the 8-year-olds, BEWE scores and the prevalence of wear in the primary teeth was influenced by gender (p = 0.020). In their permanent teeth, soft drink consumption (p soft drinks in the mouth influenced wear prevalence (p = 0.008), risk (p = 0.004), and BEWE scores (p = 0.022). In the 14-year-olds, wear prevalence was significantly affected by the consumption of lemon-flavored candies (p = 0.016) and soft drinks (p = 0.050). BEWE scores were significantly affected by gender (p = 0.022) and soft drink consumption (p = 0.030). Gender influenced tooth wear risk in both age groups (p = 0.010 and p = 0.021, respectively). The results of this study indicate that erosive tooth wear differed between primary and permanent teeth and was influenced by gender and dietary factors. PMID:27286713

  10. BEING TURKISH ERASMUS STUDENT IN SLOVENIA

    Dağdelen, Gözde

    2015-01-01

    In this study, I focus on the experience of Turkish students who had been in Slovenia as an Erasmus student at 2014-2015 winter semester. I made depth interview 15 Turkish students. Erasmus that is providing cultural encountering opportunity has changed many things in the students mind. In this study, I try to figure out in what way the Erasmus experience made them change.  According to this study, students start to consider their life conditions, daily routines, their customs and cultural ha...

  11. Study of weight, height, body mass index, energy and nutrients intake of 11-14 years old girls, Tehran

    Sadeqipoor H

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available A descriptive, analytical cross-sectional syudy was conducted in 1996 on 350 female students 11-14 years old in the center of Tehran, Iran. The general objective was determining energy and nutrient intakes and weight, height and BMI (Body Mass Index of the girls, using anthropometric measurements, interviews (24-hour dietary recall and food consumption frequency, and the NCHS standards. The results were as follows: 1 Based on weight for age and the Z-score, 20% of the girls suffered from mild past and present malnutrition. 2 Based on height for age and BMI, 16.6%, 12.5%, and 1.3% suffered from mild past malnutrition, severe present malnutrition and overweight, respectively. 3 The height curves were normal, as compared to the respective standards. 4 The BMI curves were quite different from the respective standards. 5 On the whole, 53.7%, 49.7%, 86.0%, 59.0%, 67.7%, 76.5% and 88.0% of the girls had low intakes of energy, vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin B12, folic acid, calcium, and iron, respectively. 6 A positive linear correlation was observed between energy intake and height, vitamin A intake and weight, zinc intake and height, and carbohydrate intake and height.

  12. Multiple osteolytic lesions in a 14-year-old boy with HIV disease

    S Murugan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A 14 year old boy, said to have had multiple transfusions during infancy, was brought to the hospital for complaints of pain over right thigh for one week duration. MRI reveals multiple osteolytic lesions with enhancing hyperintense bone marrow lesions over iliac bones, right acetabulum and lumbar vertebral bodies and enlarged para-aortic, iliac and inguinal lymph nodes. CT of the whole body revealed osteolytic lesions on skull, mandible, right scapula, head of both humeri, L1 and L4 vertebrae, 5 th and 10 th ribs, both acetabulum and ala of sacrum along with enlargement of cervical, axillary and mesenteric, iliac and inguinal nodes. HIV ELISA was positive. Viral load was 141,700 copies/ml. CD4 count was 226 cells/mm 3 . Multiple biopsy from the lesions and bone marrow revealed no evidence of tuberculosis and malignancy. Now the boy is on ART (ZDV + 3TC + EFV since August 2013. His CD4 count improved and viral load became undetectable and he gained weight within 5 months of ART. Due to the rarity of its presentation, this case report is being reported.

  13. Bilateral myopic photorefractive keratectomy in a 14-year-old boy

    Italo Giuffrè

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Refractive surgery has been performed for more than 10 years. Laser-assisted intrastromal keratomileusis (LASIK and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK may be used in accommodative esotropia either in adolescent or in adult patients. Some authors have shown that LASIK is safe, effective, and stable at 10 years follow-up post-surgery. Case report: A 14-year-old boy was admitted to our outpatient department on 08-01-2008. Together with his parents he asked for both eyes to be operated on by myopic PRK. On September 5 th 2008 a myopic PRK was performed on his right eye and on September 12 th 2008 on his left eye. A Bausch & Lomb Z172 excimer laser was used to perform a Planoscan procedure on both eyes. Uncorrected visual acuity was 1.0 after both procedures. The patient did not suffer pain, haze or glare in postoperative follow-up. Conclusion: Apart from the surgical technique, the author raises questions about the ethics of this procedure in a young boy.

  14. Bilateral myopic photorefractive keratectomy in a 14-year-old boy

    Italo Giuffrè

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Refractive surgery has been performed for more than 10 years. Laser-assisted intrastromal keratomileusis (LASIK and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK may be used in accommodative esotropia either in adolescent or in adult patients. Some authors have shown that LASIK is safe, effective, and stable at 10 years follow-up post-surgery. Case report: A 14-year-old boy was admitted to our outpatient department on 08-01-2008. Together with his parents he asked for both eyes to be operated on by myopic PRK. On September 5th 2008 a myopic PRK was performed on his right eye and on September 12th 2008 on his left eye. A Bausch & Lomb Z172 excimer laser was used to perform a Planoscan procedure on both eyes. Uncorrected visual acuity was 1.0 after both procedures. The patient did not suffer pain, haze or glare in postoperative follow-up. Conclusion: Apart from the surgical technique, the author raises questions about the ethics of this procedure in a young boy.

  15. RUPTURED MALIGNANT GERM CELL OVARIAN TUMOR IN A 14 YEAR OLD GIRL: A CASE REPORT

    Sunita Sudhir

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Immature teratoma accounts for 10 – 20% of all ovarian neoplasms in women less than 20 years of age with peak incidence between 15 – 19 years and they account for 30% of deaths arising from ovarian cancer in this age group.(1 Immature teratomas are rarely found to be bilateral,(2 Immature teratomas are malignant in nature and the most common sites of dessemination are peritoneum, retroperitoneal lymph nodes, hematogenous spread to Lung liver and brain is unusual.(3 We report a case of an immature teratoma of the ovary in a 14 year old girl who presented to us with acute pain abdomen. On examination patient was febrile, tachycardia present and abdominal rigidity was seen. Ultrasound examination showed a pelvic mass with fluid in morrisons pouch suggesting internal haemorrhage. Urine pregnancy test was done to rule out ectopic pregnancy. Patient was taken for emergency laparotomy. On laparotomy ruptured ovarian mass was seen with hemoperitoneum. Unilateral salpingo - oophorectomy was done and specimen sent for Histopathological examination which revealed immature ovarian teratoma stage I, Grade 3. Post-operative period was uneventful. Patient was referred to cancer centre for chemotherapy and further management. Patient was put on BEP regime.(Bleomycin Etoposide, Paclitaxal.on further follow up patient was normal.

  16. Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students

    Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

  17. Research Anxiety among Turkish Graduate ELT Students

    Merç, Ali

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the level and predictors of research-related anxiety among graduate ELT students in the Turkish context. 81 MA and PhD students from 14 universities offering graduate programs in ELT responded to a background questionnaire, a research anxiety scale, and a research self-efficacy survey. The analysis of…

  18. Perceptions of Creativity by Turkish Student Teachers

    Dikici, Ayhan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether Turkish student teachers have implicit opinions regarding creativity. For this purpose, whether the student teachers' genders, backgrounds, and socioeconomic levels created significant differences on the formation of their implicit opinions regarding creativity was examined. First, the What Do You…

  19. Atypical presentation of acute idiopathic megacolon in a 14-year-old patient

    B. Barakat

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In clinical practice the term “megacolon” is used to indicate a marked dilatation of the cecum and the sigmoid colon (>12 and 6.5 cm, respectively (1. From a clinical standpoint, a megacolon can be classified as chronic or acute depending on its clinical presentation. Chronic megacolon typically refers to a congenital disorder in which the enteric nervous system (ENS supplying the colon does not develop properly, thereby leaving the distal segments of the viscus without myenteric and submucosal ganglia (i.e. Hirschsprung’s disease (2. Other cases of non-aganglionic chronic megacolon can be secondary to variety of conditions such as Chagas’ disease and neurodegenerative diseases (e.g. Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, leading to or associated with ENS abnormalities (3. The acute form of megacolon, also referred to as Ogilvie’s syndrome, is characterized by a predominant involvement of the cecum and right colon usually affecting elderly patients undergoing surgery (e.g. orthopedic procedures or taking medications altering gut motility (e.g. opioids or antidepressants (4. Some forms of acute megacolon, however, can be idiopathic in origin since no underlying etiology can be identified. Patients with acute idiopathic megacolon usually have a longstanding history of constipation, often accompanied by laxative abuse, and their clinical presentation is characterized by abdominal distension and severe pain with radiological evidence of stool impacted in the colon and rectum (1, 4. The case herein reported represents an unusual form of acute idiopathic megacolon characterized by massive descending and sigmoid colon distension complicated with a volvulus in a 14-year-old boy with no Hirschsprung’s disease. In addition, just to increase the peculiarity of this case report, the patient had an unremarkable clinical record, and never suffered from chronic constipation in the past.

  20. CASE REPORT KALLMANN SYNDROME IN A 14-YEAR-OLD BOY

    Melisa Anggraeni

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE Kallmann syndrome is a combination of hypogonadotropic–hypogonadism due to gonadotropine releasing hormone (GnRH deficiency with anosmia or hyposmia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI reveals hypoplasia or aplasia of the olfactory bulbs. The incidence is estimated at 1 in 10.000 and 50.000 males and females respectively. The main clinical features consists of the absence of spontaneous puberty, partial or total loss of the sense of smell (anosmia. In this case report, we describe a 14 year old boy with Kallmann syndrome who was refferred with delayed puberty and lack of smell function. Physical examination revealed Tanner stage I and proven anosmia from olfactory test. Laboratory test showed low titer of testosteron. Testicular ultrasonography (USG revealed small testicles. Treatment of this particular patient was with a 25 mg of intramuscular testosterone injection and were then increased by 25 mg every two weeks. Proper management of patients with Kallmann syndrome usually allows them to attain normal reproductive health. /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}

  1. Neurotropic T-cell-rich B-cell lymphoma in a 14-year-old Morgan gelding

    Westerman, Trina L.; Poulsen, Keith P.; Schlipf, John W.; Valentine, Beth A.

    2014-01-01

    A 14-year-old Morgan gelding was presented for progressive weakness and muscle atrophy. The horse was initially diagnosed with equine protozoal myelitis based on history, physical examination, and laboratory diagnostics. Despite therapy, the horse declined clinically and was euthanized. Necropsy revealed a rare form of neurotropic lymphoma, described in this report.

  2. Cervical ankylosis following Grisel's syndrome in a 14-year-old boy with infectious mononucleosis

    Haidar, Salwa; Armstrong, Derek [Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Toronto, Ont. (Canada); Drake, James [Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Neurosurgery, Toronto (Canada)

    2005-03-01

    Non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation (Grisel's syndrome) is an uncommon complication of neck space infection or otolaryngologic procedures. It most frequently affects children, although it may occur in adults. We present a 14-year-old boy with Grisel's syndrome as a complication of infectious mononucleosis proceeding to cervical ankylosis. (orig.)

  3. Exploring an Intersectional approach to intercultural competence with 14-year-old students of English

    Svarstad, Lone Krogsgaard

    2015-01-01

    The paper presents an exploration of an intersectional approach to intercultural competence in lower secondary English classes in Denmark. The presentation is based on the second intervention in a participatory action research project in connection with my doctoral thesis in the school year 2013...

  4. Career Decision Self-Efficacy among Turkish Undergraduate Students

    Isik, Erkan

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the career decision-making self-efficacy in a sample of 356 Turkish undergraduate students. Method: With this purpose, 356 (138 females; 218 males) Turkish undergraduate students aged 17-24 completed a Turkish-translated version of Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (CDSE-SF) to…

  5. Psychological Adaptation of Turkish Students at U.S. Campuses

    Bektas, Yelda; Demir, Ayhan; Bowden, Randall

    2009-01-01

    The number of Turkish citizens entering the U.S. for their studies is growing more rapidly than almost any other group. The purpose of the current study was to investigate how acculturation factors affect psychological adaptation of Turkish students in the U.S. One hundred and twenty-four Turkish students participated in the study. Regression…

  6. Relationship between Anthropometric Parameters with Menarche Age of School Girls (11-14 Years Old in Shahroud

    Mehri Delvarian-Zadeh

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Though not impeding it, malnutrition during childhood delays the menarche age. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between anthropometric parameters with menarche age of adolescent (11-14- year old girls. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 418 middle school girls in Shahroud were randomly selected and studied. To demonstrate the participants, nutritional status, BMI was used for age, weight and stature, and then it was compared with NCHS standard. Results: It was revealed that the mean of BMI (body mass Index of menstruated girls was 19.8±3/1 and that of the non-menstruated participants was 17.6±3. The average menarche age turned to be 12.9±0.8. A significant relationship (P<0.0001 was found between age and incidence of menstruation. 47% of the participants experienced their menses in summer. The weight and height means of the menstruated participants were 48.7±8.5 kg and 156.9±6.7 cm respectively. A significant relationship (P=0.0001 was also found between weight, height, BMI and anthropometric parameters of the students, and their menstrual conditions. Statistical analysis also showed a significant relationship between menarche status and socioeconomic condition. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate a significant relationship between nutritional status and menarche age. Due to the importance of menarche age, its decline and creation of sexual desire, and noting the important effects of BMI and anthropometric parameters on menarche age, special attention should be paid to ideal weight, proper nutrition and sufficient physical activities in this high-risk group

  7. Abnormal talk by a 14-year-old boy with hypersomnolence after a long-haul flight.

    Hurwitz, Brian; Richardson, Joshua

    2010-01-01

    This case alerts readers to the occurrence of grammatical, nonsensical speech in a 14-year-old boy, an alarming symptom. Speech of this sort may be caused by serious medical conditions such as cerebral irritation and acute confusional states, but in this case it was most probably part of a sleepwalking episode associated with jetlag. Abnormal speech during sleepwalking has been described, but it is not well characterised. This report of somniloquy offers some descriptive phenomenology for such speech. PMID:22767364

  8. Huge pelvi-abdominal malignant inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with rapid recurrence in a 14-year-old boy

    Chia-Hsun; Lu; Hsuan-Ying; Huang; Han-Koo; Chen; Jiin-Haur; Chuang; Shu-Hang; Ng; Sheung-Fat; Ko

    2010-01-01

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor(IMT) is an uncommon benign neoplasm with locally aggressive behavior but malignant change is rare.We report an unusual case of pelvic-abdominal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with malignant transformation in a 14-year-old boy presenting with abdominal pain and 9 kg body weight loss in one month.Computed tomography revealed a huge pelvi-abdominal mass(30 cm),possibly originating from the pelvic extraperitoneal space,protruding into the abdomen leading to upward displace...

  9. A Rare Case of Solitary Epidural Brain Metastasis of Neuroepithelioma Tumor in A 14 Years Old Man

    R. Barikbin

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available By definition, a peripheral neuroepithelioma is a primary neuroectodermal tumor (PNET arising from peripheral, nonautonomic neural tissue. PNETs are classified into central and peripheral types. Peripheral PNETs are unusual, often highly aggressive, malignant neoplasms, rarely presenting in the head and neck. Soft tissues PNETs arise from nonautonomic nervous system. In this case, we report a 14-years-old male known case of cervical soft tissue neuroepithelioma presenting with a rare form of metastatic disease as extra axial, epidural metastasis to the brain. On histochemichal analysis of this solitary metastasis, as well as original tumor specimens, markers consistent with PNET tumors were identified.

  10. Salter-Harris type II fracture of the femoral bone in a 14-year-old boy - case report

    Background: Distal femoral physis fractures with displacement are rare injuries seen in adolescents related with high incidence of complication. They may lead to premature physeal closure consequently, to growth arrest and bone deformity. Case Report: The case of a 14-year-old boy with Salter-Harris type II displaced fracture underwent surgery with open reduction has been described. CT examination with multiplanar reconstruction was used in pre-operative assessment of distal femur growth plate fracture. Conclusions: Knowledge of classification, prognosis and methods of treatment is necessary in accurate pre- and postoperative assessment of physial fractures in adolescents. CT and multiplanar reconstruction improve the understanding of patterns of injury, relative prevalence and accuracy of pre-operative planning. (authors)

  11. Depression risk and electrocortical reactivity during self-referential emotional processing in 8 to 14 year-old girls.

    Speed, Brittany C; Nelson, Brady D; Auerbach, Randy P; Klein, Daniel N; Hajcak, Greg

    2016-07-01

    Cognitive vulnerabilities, such as a negative self-referential processing bias, have been theorized to play a causal role in the development of depression. Indeed, depression is associated with the endorsement and recall of more negative and fewer positive emotional words (i.e., recall biases) in the self-referential encoding task (SRET). In addition, currently depressed adults and adolescents, compared to healthy controls, show an enhanced late positive potential (LPP), an event-related potential (ERP) component that reflects sustained attentional engagement, during the processing of negative relative to positive words in the SRET. However, it is unclear whether these behavioral and neural measures in the SRET are indicators of risk for depression, or are concomitants of the disorder. The present study included 121 8 to 14 year-old girls with no lifetime history of depression, and examined the association between maternal history of depression (i.e., risk) and both behavioral and ERP measures while viewing positive and negative adjectives during the SRET. Lifetime history of major depressive disorder and/or dysthymia in the biological mother was assessed via a semistructured diagnostic interview. Results indicated that participants with maternal history of depression, compared with those with no maternal history of depression, demonstrated an enhanced LPP to negative words. There were no group differences in the LPP to positive words. Maternal history of depression was also related to faster response time when rejecting negative words. Participant's current depression symptoms were associated with increased negative recall bias and decreased positive recall bias. The present study provides novel evidence that abnormal electrocortical reactivity to negative self-referential words indexes vulnerability for depression in 8 to 14 year-old girls. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27175985

  12. Cleidocranial dysplasia in a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl: clinical and radiological presentation

    Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare, autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia with a relatively mild course. The most characteristic symptoms are clavicle hypoplasia or aplasia, abnormalities in the skull ossification, and a variety of dental pathologies. The clinical course and radiological presentation of two cases (a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl) of CCD are presented. Among the characteristic phenotype features the patients demonstrated were abnormalities in the skull formation, with wide sutures and large, delayed closure of the fontanelles, additional Wormian bones, and significant dental abnormalities, in both cases with delayed eruption of teeth and, in the girl, intensive caries, cross bite, and impacted teeth. The boy presented hypoplasia of the clavicles, while aplastic clavicles were confirmed in the girl. In both cases clavicle defects resulted in descended shoulders with abnormal movement faculty. Metacarpal and phalangeal defects were also found in both children as well as abnormalities in pelvic structure, with wide pubic symphysis and vertical arrangement of the pelvic bones in the girl. CCD is a skeletal dysplasia with characteristic clinical and radiological presentation. Although the course of the disorder is relatively mild, early orthopedic, dental, and orthodontic care, as well as rehabilitation, are essential in limiting complications resulting from the congenital malformation of the skeletal system. (author)

  13. Bone dysplasia with optic atrophy, vascular malformation and seizures in a 14-year-old girl - a case report

    The heritable skeletal dysplasias or osteochondrodysplasias are a large heterogeneous group of disorders associated with abnormal shape, growth, or integrity of bones. Osteopetrosis is a collective term for a range of sclerosing bone diseases with various degree of defective remodeling. Increased bone density is the predominant radiologic feature. The skull is often involved with basal sclerosis and the sinuses are obliterated. The most serious consequences of the osteopetroses are seen in the nervous system. Because of perturbed remodeling of the skull bones, many aspects of the brain and cranial nerve function are endangered. Cranial nerves, blood vessels and the spinal cord may be compressed by progressive occlusion of cranial foramina. Carious, misplaced teeth, dysplastic fingernails, tendency to pathologic fractures are the other clinical manifestations. The authors present a 14-year-old girl with dysmorphic features, optic atrophy, CNS vessel malformation, pathologic fractures and seizures. The girl had a wide range of clinical and radiographic symptoms of bone dysplasias together with a giant left internal carotid artery aneurysm and epilepsy. On the basis of clinical and radiological features, a disease belonging to the group of skeletal dysplasias was recognized in our patient. The configuration of the presented symptoms does not allow at the moment strict classification to hitherto determined forms of dysplasia. This leads to the necessity of extending diagnostics, especially by molecular tests, and further long-lasting observations, which perhaps would allow classification of the presented syndrome to one of the known groups, or determination of a new clinical entity. (author)

  14. Potential weekly intake of artificial food colours by 3-14-year-old children in Brazil.

    Toledo, M C; Guerchon, M S; Ragazzi, S

    1992-01-01

    The Potential Weekly Intake (PWI) of artificial food colours by 3-14-year-old children living in the District of Barão Geraldo, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, was estimated on the basis of average consumption data of artificially coloured food and analytically determined colour concentration in foodstuffs ingested. Coloured food consumption data were obtained through dietary recall interviews and collection of the packages and/or labels of the coloured foods consumed during a two-week period. Colours found in the individual types of foods detected through the consumption survey were identified and determined by methods that included wool dyeing and polyamide column extractions, ascending paper chromatography and spectrophotometry. The results showed that all artificial colours used in the composition of 83 commercial food products, including jellies, juices, soft drinks, syrups and 57 different candies, were permitted for use in food in Brazil the year the survey was conducted (1986), in amounts below those prescribed by law. Statistical analysis performed to compare the PWI for different population groups demonstrated that young male children, especially from lower social classes, were most exposed to artificial colours. Comparison of the estimated potential intakes with the toxicologically Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) showed that consumption of Amaranth, Sunset Yellow, Indigotine and Tartrazine by all children in the study represented approximately 24%, 3%, 0.05% and 0.4%, of the actual ADI values, respectively. PMID:1493880

  15. Ovarian carcinoma in a 14-year-old with classical salt-wasting congenital adrenal hyperplasia and bilateral adrenalectomy.

    Pina, Christian; Khattab, Ahmed; Katzman, Philip; Bruckner, Lauren; Andolina, Jeffrey; New, Maria; Yau, Mabel

    2015-05-01

    A 14-year-old female with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia because of 21-hydroxylase deficiency underwent bilateral adrenalectomy at 6 years of age as a result of poor hormonal control. Because the patient was adrenalectomized, extra adrenal androgen production was suspected. Imaging studies including pelvic ultrasound and pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were obtained to evaluate for adrenal rest tumors of the ovaries. Abdominal MRI was obtained to evaluate for residual adrenal tissue. A cystic lesion arising from her right ovary suspicious for ovarian neoplasm was noted on pelvic MRI. Right salpingo-oophorectomy was performed and histopathological examination revealed ovarian serous adenocarcinoma, low-grade, and well-differentiated. Tumor marker CA-125 was elevated and additional ovarian cancer staging workup confirmed stage IIIC due to one lymph node positive for carcinoma. The patient then developed a large left ovarian cyst, which led to a complete total abdominal hysterectomy and removal of the left ovary and fallopian tube. Pathology confirmed ovarian serous adenocarcinoma with microscopic focus of carcinoma in the left ovary. After numerous complications, the patient responded well to chemotherapy, CA-125 levels fell and no evidence of carcinoma was observed on subsequent imaging. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an ovarian serous adenocarcinoma in a patient with CAH. Although rare, we propose that the ovaries were the origin of androgen production and not residual adrenal tissue. The relationship between CAH and ovarian carcinomas has yet to be established, but further evaluation is needed given the poor survival rate of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma. PMID:25427061

  16. The Comparison of the Coping Strategies with Stress between the Students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and the Students from Turkish Republic

    Seher BALCI ÇELİK

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to compare the coping strategies with stres of the students who are from the Turkish Republic and those of the Middle Asian Turkish Republics. The population of the study consists of the students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics at Ondokuz Mayıs University in 2004-2005 Academic Year. This study was carried out on a total number of 437 students; 125 of them are from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and 312 from Turkish Republic. In this study, to determine the level of stres, Coping Stres Scale (CSS developed by Türküm (2002 based on the Folkman and Lazarus Models was used. According to the results of MANOVA, there is no significant difference between the Coping Strategies with stres of the students from Turkish Republics and the students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics in terms of sub-scale.

  17. The Comparison of the Coping Strategies with Stress between the Students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and the Students from Turkish Republic

    Seher BALCI ÇELİK

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study is to compare the coping strategies with stres of the students who are from the Turkish Republic and those of the Middle Asian Turkish Republics. The population of the study consists of the students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics at Ondokuz Mayıs University in 2004-2005 Academic Year. This study was carried out on a total number of 437 students; 125 of them are from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and 312 from Turkish Republic. In this study, to determine the level o...

  18. To What Extent Do Pupils Perceive Science to Be Inconsistent with Religious Faith? An Exploratory Survey of 13-14 Year-Old English Pupils

    Taber, Keith S.; Billingsley, Berry; Riga, Fran; Newdick, Helen

    2011-01-01

    Scientists hold a wide range of beliefs on matters of religion, although popular media coverage in the UK commonly suggests that atheism is a core commitment for scientists. Considering the relationship between religion and science is a recommended topic in the English National Curriculum for lower secondary pupils (11-14 year-olds), and it is…

  19. A Study of the Leisure Experience of Turkish University Students

    Gokturk, Soheyda

    2009-01-01

    The shortened Leisure Experience Battery, developed by Caldwell, Smith, and Weissinger (1992), was applied to a sample of Turkish university students. The Leisure Experience Battery was developed and tested for US (American) adolescents and university students (Barnett, 2005). In the present study the Battery was used to examine a sample of 207…

  20. Turkish Elementary Student Teachers' Epistemological Beliefs and Moral Reasoning

    Topcu, Mustafa Sami

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationships among Turkish elementary student teachers' epistemological beliefs and moral reasoning, and to determine which types of epistemological beliefs elementary student teachers exhibit. The findings of the present study demonstrated that epistemological beliefs did not make a unique…

  1. Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions of Geography

    Senyurt, Secil

    2014-01-01

    This study provides an in-depth investigation of Turkish primary school students' perceptions of geography. Gender differences in students' perceptions of geography were investigated, including definitions of geography and its field of study. The findings showed that "landforms," "our geographical regions/Turkey,"…

  2. Turkish School Counsellors and Counselling Students' Knowledge of Adolescent Suicide

    Siyez, Digdem Müge; Bas, Asli Uz

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the knowledge of Turkish high school counsellors and counselling students about adolescence suicide. The sample consisted of 71 school counsellors and 82 third and fourth year psychology counselling students who completed the Adolescent Suicide Behavior Questionnaire. The results showed that although…

  3. THE EFFECT OF STRENGTH TRAINING ON SOME MOTOR ABILITIES IN 12-14 YEARS-OLD MALE TENNIS PLAYERS

    Ferhat AKTAŞ

    2011-04-01

    group was significantly less than skinfold of the control group (p≤0.01. The value of 20-m shuttle run of the experimental group was significantly higher than those of the control group (p≤0.01. There was no significant difference between experimental group and control group in flexibility (p>0.05.As a result, the strength training for eight weeks improved the abilities of endurance, strength, and in some speed abilities in 12-14 year-old male tennis player, however it was observed that the strength training did not induce any changes in flexibility and anaerobic power.

  4. Causes of Death among Children Aged 5 to 14 Years Old from 2008 to 2013 in Kersa Health and Demographic Surveillance System (Kersa HDSS), Ethiopia

    Dedefo, Melkamu; Zelalem, Desalew; Eskinder, Biniyam; Assefa, Nega; Ashenafi, Wondimye; Baraki, Negga; Damena Tesfatsion, Melake; Oljira, Lemessa; Haile, Ashenafi

    2016-01-01

    Background The global burden of mortality among children is still very huge though its trend has started declining following the improvements in the living standard. It presents serious challenges to the well-being of children in many African countries. Today, Sub-Saharan Africa alone accounts for about 50% of global child mortality. The overall objective of this study was to determine the magnitude and distribution of causes of death among children aged 5 to 14 year olds in the population of...

  5. Stress and Life Satisfaction of Turkish College Students

    Kaya, Cahit; Tansey, Timothy N.; Melekoglu, Macid; Çakiroglu, Orhan

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the association between perceived stress and life satisfaction of Turkish college students. The "Satisfaction with Life Scale" (Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985), the "Perceived Stress Scale" (Cohen & Williamson, 1988), and a brief demographic questionnaire were administered to 235 college…

  6. Wellness and Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students

    Oguz-Duran, Nagihan; Tezer, Esin

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the differences among 465 Turkish first year university students regarding overall wellness and four of its dimensions (cognitive emotional wellness-CEW, relational wellness-RW, life goal-LG, and physical wellness-PW) in terms of self-esteem levels and gender. The data were gathered by administering the Rosenberg…

  7. Predictors of Dental caries among children 7–14 years old in Northwest Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

    Ayele Fenta A; Taye Belaynew W; Ayele Tadesse A; Gelaye Kassahun A

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background Dental caries in children remains a significant public health problem. It is a disease with multifactorial causes. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of dental caries among children between 7 to 14 years old. Methods A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Gondar town from June 2011 to September 2011. A total of 842 children were involved in the study. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select the children. Pre...

  8. Examining Effects of Volleyball Trainings on Some Respiration and Circulation Parameters of 11 - 14 Years Old Female Test Subjects

    Yeliz ÖZVEREN

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine the effects of the training done by the students on their respiration and blood circulation systems who plays volleyball, aged 11 - 14, at Izmir. 42 students doing sports average age 12.93 ± 0.74 and 36 students not doing an y sports, with the age average 12.46 ± 0.91, voluntary involved in this study, which aims to determine the effects of the training done by test subjects on respiration and blood circulation systems. Parameters of age, height, weight, resting pulse measures , systolic - diastolic blood pressure, and vital capacity (VC, force vital capacity (FVC, force expiration volume (FEV, and maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV values of respiration system were recorded. Findings obtained by SPSS 11.0 statistics program. The differences between the averages of groups were examined with independent t test at 0.01 and 0.05 levels. The differences between groups in terms of age, height, weight and diastolic blood pressure valves are not significant. There were significant dif ference on resting pulse and systolic blood pressure, vital capacity, force vital capacity and force expiration volume, maximum voluntary ventilation values of experimental group. In conclusion, resting pulse and blood pressure values of the students, who do training, were found to be lower; the respiration values VC, FVC, FEV1 and MVV were higher than those of the students not doing sports.

  9. Socioeconomic differences in selected dietary habits among Norwegian 13–14 year-olds: a cross-sectional study

    Madelene Skårdal

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Social inequalities in health are a major and even growing problem in all European countries. Objective: The aim of the present study was to describe 1 differences in dietary habits among Norwegian adolescents by gender and socioeconomic status; 2 differences in self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines among their parents according to socioeconomic status. Design: In 2012, a cross-sectional study where students filled in a web-based food frequency questionnaire at school was conducted in nine lower secondary schools in Vest-Agder County, Norway. Socioeconomic status (SES and knowledge of dietary guidelines were obtained from the parents using a web-based questionnaire. In total, 517 ninth-grade students (mean age 13.9 out of 742 invited students participated in the study, giving a participation rate of 69.7%. The total number of dyads with information on both parents and students was 308 (41.5%. Results: The findings indicate that there is a tendency for girls to have a healthier diet than boys, with greater intake of fruits and vegetables (girls intake in median 3.5 units per day and boys 2.9 units per day, and lower intake of soft drinks (girls 0.25 l in median versus boys 0.5 l per week. Students from families with higher SES reported a significant higher intake of vegetables and fish, and lower intake of soft drinks and fast food than those from lower SES. Parents with higher SES reported a significantly better knowledge of dietary guidelines compared to those with lower SES. Conclusions: Differences in dietary habits were found between groups of students by gender and SES. Differences were also found in parents’ self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines. This social patterning should be recognized in public health interventions.

  10. Moral Values – A Comparative Study: Romanian and Turkish Students

    Claudia SĂLCEANU; Claudia-Neptina MANEA; Edvina Ghionul GEAFER

    2015-01-01

    The moral values of 156 Romanian and Turkish students of psychology and educational sciences are investigated by using the Rokeach Values Inventory. The country and demographical differences are taken into consideration. The cultural statistical significant differences deal with terminal values such as equality, health, inner harmony, national security, salvation, self-respect, wisdom, a comfortable life and a world of peace, and also several instrumental values such as being capable, helpful...

  11. Difficulties Encountered by Both Teachers and Students in Teaching and Learning Turkish as a Second Language

    Canbulat, Mehmet; Dilekçi, Atilla

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this research is to identify and suggest solutions to the problems experienced by students learning Turkish as a second language according to the opinions of both teachers and students evaluated. The research has been conducted among the classroom teachers, Turkish language teachers and the students attending the schools in…

  12. High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience

    Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

    2009-01-01

    Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ)…

  13. Effects of Peer E-Feedback on Turkish EFL Students' Writing Performance

    Ciftci, Hatime; Kocoglu, Zeynep

    2012-01-01

    The present study investigated the effect of online peer feedback through blogs on Turkish EFL students' writing performance and their perceptions. Data were collected by using: a) Turkish EFL Students' Background Survey, b) interviews at the beginning and end of the term, c) first and revised drafts, and d) end-of-semester Questionnaire. The…

  14. Turkish High School Students' Perceptions of Leaders and Characteristics of Leadership

    Ulusoy, Kadir

    2011-01-01

    Leaders mentioned in history courses are often viewed by Turkish students either as positive role models or as perpetrators of negative deeds. The leadership models included in Turkish high school course materials may significantly influence student perceptions. The purpose of this research study was to determine the effect of a history course in…

  15. Moral Values – A Comparative Study: Romanian and Turkish Students

    Claudia SĂLCEANU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The moral values of 156 Romanian and Turkish students of psychology and educational sciences are investigated by using the Rokeach Values Inventory. The country and demographical differences are taken into consideration. The cultural statistical significant differences deal with terminal values such as equality, health, inner harmony, national security, salvation, self-respect, wisdom, a comfortable life and a world of peace, and also several instrumental values such as being capable, helpful, intellectual, loving, obedient, ambitious, logical and self-controlled. When considering demographical aspects, Romanian students from small and big cities exhibit statistically significant differences regarding the values of social recognition (terminal value and the intellect (instrumental value. Turkish students from big and small cities display statistically significant differences when it comes to items of a comfortable life and social recognition (terminal values and several instrumental values such as forgiveness, honesty, politeness and responsibility. The students coming from big cities, in both countries, display statistically significant differences concerning the previously mentioned terminal values of comfortable life, equality, exciting life, health, inner harmony, national security, pleasure, salvation, self-respect and wisdom, as well as the instrumental values of being ambitious, capable, helpful, intellectual, loving, loyal, obedient and polite. Those coming from the small towns of both countries appear to differ on the following terminal values: equality, health, inner harmony, national security, salvation and self-respect, but also on the instrumental values of being ambitious, helpful, honest, logical, loving, obedient, responsible and self-controlled. Possible explanations and consequences are discussed.

  16. CT scan-guided percutaneous osteosynthesis of a complex, multifocal fracture of the pelvic girdle in a 14-year-old adolescent

    Gagne, Pierre-Thomas; Bertrand, Anne-Sophie; Caudal, Amandine; El Hayek, Tony; Amoretti, Nicolas [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, Nice (France)

    2014-08-15

    We report on a 14-year-old girl with minimally displaced pelvic girdle and acetabular roof fracture following motor vehicle trauma, treated percutaneously under CT and C-arm fluoroscopic guidance by an interventional radiologist. After informed consent from the patient's parents, under surgical aseptic conditions and under general anesthesia, three screws were positioned adequately under dual guidance by a radiologist and without immediate or long-term complication. The patient was mobilized 48 h after the procedure and resumed normal activities after 1 month. Even though the technique has been described before on adults, to our knowledge this is the first time it has been described on a pediatric patient. (orig.)

  17. Determining professionalism in Turkish students nurses

    Ayise Karadağ

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Characteristics of the nursing profession include educational standards, professional organizations, commitment, autonomy, continuing education, body of knowledge and competencies, social value, and a code of ethics. This study was carried out with the aim of determining the professional attitudes of nursing students in Turkey. It was a descriptive study. This study was conducted in 25 nursing schools that provide graduate level nursing education in Turkey. The sample of the study included 1412 final year nursing students who were selected by random sampling from nursing schools offering education at bachelor level. Data was collected using a questionnaire, which included demographic characteristics of students and an Inventory to Measure Professional Attitudes in Student Nurses (IPASN. The mean score of IPASN was 4.1 ± 0.5 and the areas the highest mean scores were for autonomy, competence and continuous education whilst lowest ones were for  cooperation, contribution to scientific knowledge, and participating in professional organizations. In conclusion, the overall mean scores of professional attitudes for nursing students were found to be satisfying and some recommendations were made to improve subgroups scores.

  18. Turkish Students' Ideas about Global Warming

    Kilinc, Ahmet; Stanisstreet, Martin; Boyes, Edward

    2008-01-01

    A questionnaire was used to explore the prevalence of ideas about global warming in Year 10 (age 15-16 years) school students in Turkey. The frequencies of individual scientific ideas and misconceptions about the causes, consequences and "cures" of global warming were identified. In addition, several general findings emerged from this study.…

  19. Factors Affecting Turkish Students' Achievement in Mathematics

    Demir, Ibrahim; Kilic, Serpil; Depren, Ozer

    2009-01-01

    Following past researches, student background, learning strategies, self-related cognitions in mathematics and school climate variables were important for achievement. The purpose of this study was to identify a number of factors that represent the relationship among sets of interrelated variables using principal component factor analysis and…

  20. Parental education, body mass index and prevalence of obesity among 14-year-old boys between 1987 and 1997 in Wroclaw, Poland

    The main aim of this study was to examine changes in relative weight and prevalence of obesity across a ten-year period among 14-year-old boys according to parental education level. Data from two surveys, carried out in 1987 and 1997, of boys attending the 7th grade of primary schools in Wroclaw were used in the analysis. The heights and weights of 3165 boys aged 14 years selected from cohort of 6969 7th and 8th grade boys from all primary schools of the city Wroclaw were used. The data of the second sample of 14-year-old boys (n = 1014) were obtained from a health examination study carried out in the Silesian Centre for Preventive Medicine, 'DOLMED', in Wroclaw in 1997. All boys attended the 7th grade of 34 randomly selected primary schools from a total of 129 schools in the city of Wroclaw. Social status was assessed on the basis of parental education level scored to four categories: university, secondary school, trade school, and elementary school. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was defined as the percentage of children above the 85th and 95th percentiles of the body mass index (BMI), the means of which were 21.27 and 23.75 kg/m2 respectively. Prevalence of overweight among boys is slightly lower in the 1997 sample, whereas the prevalence of obesity shows the opposite trend and is higher by more than one percent in comparison with the 1987 sample. Similar trends of declining medians and increasing variance are observed in all educational groups. The differences in medians between the two samples within educational groups did not achieve statistical significance for the groups with parents with education at elementary level and fathers with university education. There is a trend toward increasing prevalence of obesity across the decade considered, according to father's education level. With respect to mother's education levels, the most dramatic changes in BMI and obesity occurred in the elementary education group, where the percentage of obese subjects

  1. Through Biodiversity and Multiplicative Principles Turkish Students Transform the Culture of STEM Education

    Robert M. Capraro; Capraro, Mary Margaret; Barroso, Luciana R.; Morgan, James R.

    2016-01-01

    In this article the principle investigators of the various projects that comprise Aggie STEM at Texas A&M University discuss the impact and cross pollination of having graduate students from Turkey working and conducting their research as part of the multi-college Aggie STEM project.  Turkish students have been engaged in instrumental roles since the inception of Aggie STEM and its growth as a tightly intertwined multi-national and ubiquitous STEM entity. The influence of Turkish students...

  2. Influence of Mandarin tone exposure on the processing of intonation by 14-year-old American adolescents: An fMRI study

    Lin, Jo-Fu Lotus; Imada, Toshiaki; Kuhl, Patricia; Wang, Yue

    2001-05-01

    This study investigated, for American adolescents, whether the learning of non-native speech contrasts in one prosodic domain (Mandarin Chinese tones) would influence the processing of non-native contrasts in another prosodic domain (Mandarin Chinese intonation). Two groups of 14-year-old American teenagers were tested using the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique, including eight who had received a two-week Mandarin tone training program and eight with no exposure to Mandarin. Subjects were scanned during identification tasks. Despite their similar behavioral performance on identification of Mandarin intonation, preliminary results showed different cortical activation patterns for the two groups. Teenagers exposed to Mandarin showed similar activation patterns for the Mandarin intonation and Mandarin tone task, with more right-hemisphere activation for intonation, which differed from activation for English intonation. Teenagers without exposure activated similar areas for Mandarin and English intonation. Familiarity with Mandarin tonal contrasts affects brain activation, not only for Mandarin tones but also for Mandarin intonation, suggesting that training effects may transcend levels. [Work supported by NIH (HD 37954) and the Talaris Research Institute.

  3. Validation of the general test for the evaluation of development for children and adolescents aged 6 to 14 years old (EVADE

    Ana María Quezada Ugalde

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. In this paper the results of the validation of the General Test Development Evaluation children and adolescents are presented (CIRCUMVENT, consistent with the growth needs, interests and development of the Costa Rican population between the ages of 6 and 14 years. Methodology. The methodology was qualitative, transversal and exploratory. For this purpose, conducted a validation process that included: technical expert judgment type aggregates individual; in the first phase results analysis, triangulation was used, resulting in the modified CIRCUMVENT. Subsequently, a pilot with 300 children and adolescents aged 6 to 14 years old, schools and colleges both public and private Metropolitan Area, San Jose, Costa Rica was made; using an observation guide for the collection of the data provided in this test. In the second phase, the results obtained with the theoretical triangulation, a new version of CIRCUMVENT was structured. Results. There is limited literature regarding developmental screening tests in middle childhood and adolescence; technical expert judgment confirmed the inconsistency of some items of CIRCUMVENT; was necessary to create standardized instructional materials for the application of the test. Conclusion. This research provides two significant inputs: a book with instructions for the interpretation and application of CIRCUMVENT, and standardized materials for implementation

  4. Spinal epidural en-plaque meningioma with an unusual pattern of calcification in a 14-year-old girl: case report and review of the literature

    A 14-year-old girl who presented with a severe sensory-motor-sphincter syndrome was found to be harboring an epidural tumor situated posteriorly in the spinal canal from C5 through C7 levels. The mass had computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging features suggesting an unusual stratified architecture, with a conspicuous highly calcific component firmly adherent to the dura and a non-calcific mass surrounding it posteriorly and laterally. Although meningiomas have a low incidence in the first two decades of life, and in the spine they rarely have entirely extradural location at any age, a meningioma was suspected. Intraoperative biopsy confirmed the tumor to be benign, and careful total resection including the whole large dural implant was carried out; the wide dural defect was grafted with fascia lata. A meningothelial meningioma with a largely calcified psammomatous component was diagnosed. The girl made a complete recovery, and is tumor-free 9 years postoperatively. Outcome from surgery for spinal meningiomas can be good, despite the severity of the preoperative condition; however, en-plaque and highly calcific tumors still bear a poorer prognosis. Complete resection is mandatory in children, in whom they are extremely rare. Modern imaging techniques help in making a correct initial diagnosis and optimizing surgery in order to provide good results, even in more-challenging cases. (orig.)

  5. Popliteal artery injury following traumatic knee joint dislocation in a 14-year-old boy: A case report and review of the literature

    Cvetković Slobodan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Posterior knee joint dislocation associated with injury of the popliteal artery in children is an extremely rare condition. Rapid diagnosis and treatment are essential for limb salvage and function. Case report. We reported a 14-year-old boy who suffered traumatic displacement of the right knee and contusion of the popliteal artery during motorcycle accident. The diagnosis was confirmed using Doppler and duplex ultrasonography and digital substraction transfemoral arteriography. The urgent surgical procedure was performed using posterior approach to the popliteal artery. During the surgical exploration, rupture of the posterior cruciate ligament associated with thrombosed popliteal artery have been found. The damaged popliteal artery was resected and replaced with autologous saphenous vein graft. The last stage of the procedure was a transosseous femoral fixation of posterior circuate ligament. A 3-year-follow-up after the surgery demonstrated intact arterial perfusion and very good function of the knee with a minimal difference as compared with the contralateral knee. Conclusion. Combined orthopedic and vascular injuries are very rare in children. They require combined treatment. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175008

  6. The Production of Turkish Relative Clauses in Second Language Acquisition: Overcoming Student Difficulties

    Anjel Toczu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on teaching relative clauses (R.Cs in Turkish, a left-branching language, and discusses the relative difficulty of producing RCs in Turkish by English-speaking learners by investigating whether the production of subject relative clauses in Turkish is easier than that of the object relative clauses. It also offers suggestions as to how to help learners overcome these difficulties. Turkish and English belong to two different language families, Altaic and Inda-European respectively. This study lends further insight that Turkish does not have RCs similar to those found in Inda-European languages. Instead, in Turkish RCs comprise nominalized verbs and participles. The characteristics of Turkish are also explained such as its word order, agglutinating morphology, vowel and consonant harmony rules as well as case markers indicating grammatical relations between sentence constituents, which shed light to our understanding of RCs in Turkish. Data was collected through written and oral tasks from students enrolled in a military intensive Turkish language training program in the United States. Moreover, their performance was studied through classroom observations and one-on-one speaking activities.

  7. Educational Problems of Turkish Students Who Are Between 15-19 Living in Germany

    Soner Mehmet ÖZDEMİR

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine educational problems of Turkish students who are between 15 and 19 years old living in Germany. Sample of the study consisted of 197 Turkish students at secondary education level in Lunen, North Rein Westfalen in Germany. An instrument related to Turkish students’ educational problems has been developed to collect data in the study. In this study, most of Turkish students claim their level of German reading, writing, understanding and speaking is quite high, while about one-third of them express that their German grammer levels are moderate or low. Furthermore, more than half of Turkish students indicate their teachers have positive attitudes towards them, almost two-fifth of students state that school administrators behave equally to them like other German students and two-third of them express that they benefit from school facilities equally. Moreover, three-fourth of Turkish students state they are satisfied with their schools and more than half of them think that they can find a job easily after graduation.

  8. Student Attitudes toward Technology Enhanced History Education: Comparison between Turkish and American Students

    Ibrahim Turan

    2010-01-01

    Similar with all educational approaches in technology enhanced instruction teacher and student attitudes toward the new approach plays a critical role in determining its effectiveness. The purpose of the study is to examine Turkish and American student attitudes and thoughts toward the use of educational technologies in history courses and the factors that might affect their attitudes. The study also aims to compare the results to determine whether there are any differences between the attitu...

  9. Problematic Internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and Internet activities

    Tekinarslan, Erkan; Gürer, Melih Derya

    2011-01-01

     This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.).Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610). The results indicate that the female students (N=358) had significantl...

  10. Problematic internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and internet activities

    Erkan Tekinarslan; Melih Derya Gürer

    2011-01-01

     This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.).Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610). The results indicate that the female students (N=358) had s...

  11. Predictors of Dental caries among children 7–14 years old in Northwest Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study

    Ayele Fenta A

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dental caries in children remains a significant public health problem. It is a disease with multifactorial causes. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of dental caries among children between 7 to 14 years old. Methods A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Gondar town from June 2011 to September 2011. A total of 842 children were involved in the study. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select the children. Pretested and structured questionnaires were used to collect data from mothers. Clinical examination of children was done using dental caries criteria set by world health organization. Data were entered, cleaned and edited using EPI Info version 3.5.1 and exported to SPSS version 16.0 for analysis. Binary multiple logistic regression analyses was applied to test the association. Results Four hundred sixty three (55% children were females. The prevalence of dental caries was 306(36.3%.The educational status of children’s father (AOR=0.3, 95%CI, 0.17, 0.80, monthly household income (AOR=0.59, 95%CI, 0.01, 0.45, regular teeth brushing (AOR=0.08, 95% CI, 0.03, 0.20 and using mouth rinsing (AOR=0.40, 95% CI, 0.2, 0.80 were found statistically significantly associated with dental caries. Conclusions Dental caries were high among children in Gondar town. Low socioeconomic status and poor oral hygiene practices were the influencing factors for dental caries. Oral hygiene, dietary habits and access to dental care services are supreme important for the prevention of the problem.

  12. Renal medullary AA amyloidosis, hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleated hepatocytes in a 14-year-old free-ranging lioness (Panthera leo

    J.H. Williams

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available A 14-year-old lioness, originating from Etosha in Namibia, and a member of a pride in Pilanesberg National Park since translocation in 1994, was euthanased due to fight-related vertebral fracture and spinal injury, incurred approximately 6-8 weeks previously. Blood specimens collected at the time of death showed mild anaemia and a leukogram reflecting stress and chronic infection. Necropsy conducted within 2 hours of death was on a dehydrated, emaciated animal with hindquarter wasting and chronic traumatic friction injuries from dragging her hindlegs. There was cellulitis in the region of bite-wounds adjacent to the thoraco-lumbar vertebral fracture, at which site there was spinal cord compression, and there was marked intestinal helminthiasis. The outer renal medullae appeared pale and waxy and the liver was macroscopically unremarkable. Histopathology and electron microscopy of the kidneys revealed multifocal to coalescing deposits of proximal medullary interstitial amyloid, which fluoresced strongly with thioflavine T, and was sensitive to potassium permanganate treatment prior to Congo Red staining, thus indicating inflammatory (AA origin. There was diffuse hepatocyte dissociation, as well as numerous binucleated and scattered multinucleated (up to 8 nuclei/cell hepatocytes, with swollen hepatocyte mitochondria, in liver examined light microscopically. Ultrastructurally, the mono-, bi- and multinucleated hepatocytes contained multifocal irregular membrane-bound accumulations of finely-granular, amorphous material both intra-cytoplasmically and intra-nuclearly, as well as evidence of irreversible mitochondrial injury. The incidence and relevance in cats and other species of amyloidosis, particularly with renal medullary distribution, as well as of hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleation, as reported in selected literature, is briefly overviewed and their occurrence in this lioness is discussed.

  13. Condom-related beliefs among Turkish university students

    Serap Bulduk

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Young people are at a high risk of contracting HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI. However, their rate of condom use is low. The purpose of the study is to investigate health beliefs affecting condom use among Turkish university students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from June to September of 2007. Two hundred and fifty-four (254 university students were interviewed using a questionnaire. A logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with condom use. Sixteen (16 percent of the females and 67 percent of the males used condoms during their last sexual intercourse. Failure to use a condom was related to a perceived reduction in sexual satisfaction [OR = 5.46 (1.69 – 17.60] and financial limitations [OR = 2.76 (1.46 – 5.20]. These data will be useful in designing and improving HIV/STD prevention programs in Turkey.

  14. Relationship Between Occurrence of Guillan-Barre Syndrome and Mass Campaign of Measles and Rubella Immunization in Iranian 5-14 Years Old Children

    Mohammad-Nasr Dadras

    Full Text Available Objective: Several case reports and epidemiologic studies have reported a relation between different vaccines including measles, rubella, and mumps and Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS. In this study we investigated relation between receiving measles and/or rubella vaccines and occurrence of Guillain- Barre syndrome after national immunization campaign in 2003 in Iran.Material & Methods: In this study we used National Surveillance system for acute flaccid paralysis data from the beginning of 2002 to the end of 2004. We studied 5-14 year-old children. Three-year time span of the study was divided into fifteen 10 weeks periods, and number of reported and approved cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome in each time period has been analyzed supposing their distribution was according to Poisson distribution. One of time periods has been chosen in a manner that its first 4 weeks included embedded National Immunization and following 6 weeks were designated for covering incubation period of Guillin- Barre syndrome.Findings: Of total 553 reported flaccid paralysis cases in 5-15 year-old children 370 were approved to be Guillain- Barre (~67%. Estimated average incidence of Guillain-Barre syndrome in <15 year-olds is 1/100,000/year (95% CI: 0.88-13, and in 5-15 year-old children is 0.6/100,000/year (95% CI: 0.58-083. Thus, number of expected cases in 25 cases each 10 weeks time period was 23.8 of GBS that were reported in the time period which coincided with immunization campaign. Probability of occurring ≥25 cases of GBS in that time period according to Poison distribution with expected case numbers of 23.8 is equal to 0.43 (P=0.43.Conclusion: Yearly incidence rate of GBS in this study was similar to other studies. According to our results, there was no increase in GBS incidence in the 4 weeks national Immunization Campaign and 6 weeks after it in comparison to other 10 weeks periods before or after this time period.

  15. Factors Affecting the Mathematics Achievement of Turkish Students in PISA 2012

    Uysal, Sengül

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to analyze the effect of variables determining mathematics interest, mathematics self- concept, mathematics anxiety, teacher-student relation, classroom management and sense of belonging on the Mathematics achievement of Turkish students in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012. Structural equation modeling…

  16. Factors Affecting the Motivation of Turkish Primary Students for Science Learning

    Cavas, Pinar

    2011-01-01

    In this study, Turkish primary students' (sixth to eighth grade) motivation toward science learning was investigated and factors affecting this determined. The sample for the study consisted of 376 students from 5 different primary schools in Izmir. The data were collected through a Students' Motivation toward Science Learning (SMTSL)…

  17. Exploring academic procrastination among Turkish students: possible gender differences in prevalence and reasons.

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Ferrari, Joseph R

    2009-04-01

    The authors examined the prevalence of and reasons, or excuses, for academic procrastination as a function of gender and academic grade level. In Study 1, a factor analysis of responses by 203 Turkish undergraduate students to an academic procrastination measure provided evidence of reliability and validity for the revised scale. In Study 2,784 students (363 women, 421 men; M age = 20.6 years, SD age = 1.74 years) completed the validated Turkish Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students. The results were that 52% of students self-reported frequent academic procrastination, with male students reporting more frequent procrastination on academic tasks than female students. Significantly more female students than male students reported greater academic procrastination because of fear of failure and laziness; male students reported more academic procrastination as a result of risk taking and rebellion against control than did female students. PMID:19425360

  18. Self-induced carving and scarification of the forearms as a manifestation of sexual abuse in a 14-YEAR-old adolescent girl

    Cavanaugh

    2000-05-01

    Background: Numerous cutaneous abnormalities have been described in adolescent girls who have been sexually abused. These include bruising, bite marks, cuts, scratches, abrasions, edema, hematomas or other evidence of struggle. Victims frequently shower or bathe excessively in an effort to cleanse their skin following such an unwanted encounter. However, there is a paucity of information in the literature regarding the association of sexual abuse and removal of the superficial layers of the skin as a more desperate attempt by teenagers to rid themselves of the perpetrator. The purpose of this paper is to heighten awareness among practitioners that self-induced cutting and carving of the forearms with scarification may occur as a manifestation of sexual abuse in young women.Methods: A 14-year-old girl was seen in an adolescent medicine consultation setting during the spring of 1999 for evaluation of an anxiety disorder. During the interview the girl related that she had been under considerable stress and that she was having difficulty sleeping. She also had worsening of facial tics that had been previously noted in association with obsessive compulsive behaviors. She had been receiving psychotherapy and was being treated with fluoxetine, but the symptoms were becoming more severe. On examination she appeared very anxious and demonstrated numerous involuntary, repetitive facial grimaces. Similar twitching movements of the neck were also noted. In addition, she had several well healed scars over both forearms. The lesions were linear with a range of one half to one inch in width and three to four inches in length. The remainder of the general physical examination was entirely unremarkable.Results: The etiology of the scars was initially unknown. Upon further questioning the patient was asked directly about what had caused these marks. At that point she broke down and cried as she related that had been sexually assaulted several months earlier. She stated that she

  19. Turkish College Students' Subjective Wellbeing in Regard to Psychological Strengths and Demographic Variables: Implications for College Counseling

    Sivis-Cetinkaya, Rahsan

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated Turkish college students' subjective wellbeing in regard to psychological strength and demographic variables. A sample of Turkish college students (N?=?1,052) aged 17-32 (mean age = 21, SD = 1.79) was administered various psychological strength instruments--the Gratitude Scale, the Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory, the…

  20. Relationships of Homework Motivation and Preferences to Homework Achievement and Attitudes in Turkish Students

    Iflazoglu, Ayten; Hong, Eunsook

    2012-01-01

    Whether students' motivation, organizational approaches, physical needs, and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process predict homework achievement and attitudes toward homework was examined in 1,776 Turkish students in Grades 5 through 8. The Homework Motivation and Preference Questionnaire was utilized to assess…

  1. The Role of University Students' Attitude towards Turkish Language Lesson in Interpreting Reading Strategies

    Aytan, Necmi

    2015-01-01

    In this study, the aim is to measure the effect of students' reading strategies and attitudes towards Turkish language on reading habits. 323 first grade students receiving education in 2014-2015 semester in International Antalya University located at the center of Antalya were involved in the study. As the method, relational screening model was…

  2. Through Biodiversity and Multiplicative Principles Turkish Students Transform the Culture of STEM Education

    Capraro, Robert M.; Capraro, Mary Margaret; Barroso, Luciana R.; Morgan, James R.

    2016-01-01

    In this article the principle investigators of the various projects that comprise Aggie STEM at Texas A&M University discuss the impact and cross pollination of having graduate students from Turkey working and conducting their research as part of the multi-college Aggie STEM project. Turkish students have been engaged in instrumental roles…

  3. Assessment of Communication Skills of Physical Education and Sport Students in Turkish Universities

    Aydin, Ali Dursun

    2015-01-01

    This study assessed the communication skills of the students studying in physical education and sports schools in various universities in Turkey. A total of 1,854 Physical Education and Sports students in five Turkish universities participated in the study. The instrument used to gather information for this study comprised the demographic…

  4. A Study on Sixth-Grade Turkish Students' Spatial Visualization Ability

    Kurtulus, Aytac; Yolcu, Belma

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate sixth-grade Turkish students' spatial visualization ability and to determine the strategies that students employ and the mistakes that they make while solving the problems requiring spatial reasoning. Therefore, the study examined the following achievements: visualizing different view images of…

  5. Comparison of Ukrainian and Turkish Law Students' Attitudes towards Democratic Values: Cross-Cultural Study

    Kayalar, Fethi

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine Ukrainian and Turkish law students' attitudes towards democratic values and the factors that may affect these values and to compare them in terms of different variables. This study is a descriptive survey model. The research consists of total 226 students from three Schools of Law, two in Turkey and one in…

  6. Reflections of Turkish International Graduate Students: Studies on Life at a U.S. Midwestern University

    Burkholder, Jessica Reno

    2014-01-01

    A modified version of Moustakas' (1994) method of analyzing phenomenological data was used to illuminate how full-time, single, Turkish international graduate students conceptualized their experiences as international students. The participants detailed common and salient aspects of their experience: personal growth, decisions regarding…

  7. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Usage and Achievement of Turkish Students in Pisa 2006

    Aypay, Ahmet

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the ICT usage and academic achievement of Turkish students in PISA 2006 data. The sample of the study included 4942 students from 160 schools. Frequencies, independent samples t-tests, ANOVAs, pearson correlation coefficients, exploratory factor analysis, and regression analysis were used. A high percentage…

  8. The Assessment of the Perception of the Academic Self Efficacy of Turkish Education Graduate Students

    Gocer, Ali

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to determine the perception of the academic self efficacy of Turkish Education graduate students. This study applied qualitative research approach and interview method. Master's students of Erciyes University, Institute of Education Science were chosen as a sample for the purpose, using clustering method. In…

  9. Premarital Sex, Social Support, Submissive Behaviors, and Loneliness among Turkish University Students

    Yalcin, Ilhan; Aricioglu, Ahu; Malkoc, Asude

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differences in social support, submissive behaviors, and loneliness existed among Turkish university students who had had premarital sexual intercourse and those who had not. Using self-reported questionnaires, students who had experienced sexual intercourse were contrasted with those who had…

  10. Fear of the Unknown: A Pre-Departure Qualitative Study of Turkish International Students

    Brown, Lorraine; Aktas, Gurhan

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents findings from 11 in-depth interviews with Turkish undergraduate students, who were, by the time of data collection, about to spend a semester at a European university under the Erasmus exchange scheme. The students all agreed to be interviewed about their feelings about studying in a foreign culture, and were found to be…

  11. Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions

    Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children.…

  12. Changes in and the Relationship between Language Learning Motivation and Self-Concept in 11-14 Year-Old Students in Hungary: A Longitudinal Study

    Péter-Szarka, Szilvia

    2012-01-01

    Motivation to learn foreign languages is a significant determinant of successful language acquisition. The subject has been widely researched in the past, and since the early 1990s a great deal of empirical research related to the classroom environment has been proposed to expand theory into everyday classroom practice. I present an empirical,…

  13. Turkish students' scientific literacy scores: A multilevel analysis of data from Program for International Student Assessment

    Yilmaz, Haci Bayram

    2009-12-01

    A vast majority of the studies exploring the associations between student and school related factors and standardized test scores were conducted in developed countries. On the other hand, research suggests that the generalization of the findings of those studies to developing countries often leads to incorrect conclusions. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of selected student- and school-level factors on 15-year old Turkish students' scientific literacy achievement. The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2006 database was utilized to explore (a) if there were differences among schools in terms of their mean scientific literacy scores, (b) which student-level factors can explain the differences in students' scores within a particular school, and (c) which school-level factors can explain the scientific literacy differences between schools. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) method was selected as the analytic method due to its usefulness in exploring relationships between a dependent variable and sets of layered independent variables. While the dependent variable of the study was represented by five plausible scores, independent variables consisted of 25 variables. Among those predictors, 15 were measured at student-level (level 1) and grouped in 4 clusters (background characteristics, teaching and learning factors, affective factors, and out-of school science related activities), and the remaining variables were measured at level 2 and grouped under two clusters (school resources and school context). The results of the study indicated that more than half of the variation in students' scientific literacy scores occurred among schools. While eight student-level variables---grade, economic, social and cultural status, general and personal value of science, responsibility for sustainable development, science self-efficacy, in-school time spent on science learning, and hands-on activities---explained about one-third of the variation

  14. RELATION BETWEEN LEARNING STYLES, METHODS FOR OBTAINING INFORMATION AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTS OF TURKISH UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    Yilmazel, Gülay; BÜYÜKKAYACI DUMAN, Nuriye; BAŞÇI, Ayşe Burcu

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this descriptive study is to determine relation between learning styles, learning methods and academic achievement of university students. This study was conducted in 2014 and the sample was consisted of 130 university students training in second and forth levels from School of Health. We used Turkish version of VARK scale for determining learning styles. In this study, 60.0% of the students were using of multimodal and 40.0% were using unimodal learning styles. The kinesthetic mod...

  15. LOCATION AS A COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE TO ATTRACT STUDENTS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY FROM A TURKISH FOUNDATION UNIVERSITY

    Oya Tamtekin Aydın

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to reveal whether the location is a sustainable competitive advantage to attract the students or not. This study consists of a literature review about location in higher education area, research about a sample Turkish foundation university enrollment records and a survey on students attending a sample foundation university in Istanbul. The questionnaire method has been chosen in order to show the importance of location for a university. The students had been admit...

  16. Examination of Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety and Achievement in Foreign Language in Turkish University Students in Terms of Various Variables

    Dogan, Yunus; Tuncer, Murat

    2016-01-01

    This correlational survey study aimed to investigate whether the Turkish prep-class students' foreign language classroom anxiety levels and foreign language achievement significantly differ in terms of such variables as their gender, their experience abroad, perceived level of income and any third language (other than Turkish and English) they…

  17. A Comparative Study of Turkish Elementary and Science Education Major Students' Knowledge Levels at the Popular Biotechnological Issues

    Turkmen, Lutfullah; Darcin, Emine Selcen

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of popular biotechnological issues of Turkish science and elementary teacher candidates. A questionnaire was administered during 2006-2007 school term to 336 students pursuing their education in the departments of science and elementary education in two Turkish universities. The…

  18. Effect of Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety on Turkish University Students' Academic Achievement in Foreign Language Learning

    Tuncer, Murat; Dogan, Yunus

    2015-01-01

    This study was carried out in order to identify to what extent the Turkish students' English classroom anxiety affects their academic achievement in English language. In this quantitative descriptive study, a correlational survey model was employed, and the convenience sampling was done. In order to collect data, the Foreign Language Classroom…

  19. Suicidality, Problem-Solving Skills, Attachment Style, and Hopelessness in Turkish Students

    Zeyrek, Emek Yuce; Gencoz, Faruk; Bergman, Yoav; Lester, David

    2009-01-01

    Among 180 Turkish university students, the probability of suicide was strongly predicted by both hopelessness and deficiencies in problem solving. In addition, for women, unhealthy attachment styles (preoccupied and dismissing) also predicted suicidality. The clinical implications of these findings are that psychotherapists should focus on helping…

  20. The Effective English Language Teacher from the Perspectives of Turkish Preparatory School Students

    Arikan, Arda; Taser, Duygu; Sarac-Suzer, H. Sezgi

    2008-01-01

    In this study, Turkish EFL students' conceptualization of an effective English language teacher is studied. A survey formerly developed by Yu-Hsin (1999) was adapted and administered to 100 foreign language learners studying at two state universities' English language preparatory schools. Also, participants' written responses were collected to…

  1. The Consequences of Internet Cafe use on Turkish College Students' Social Capital

    Koc, Mustafa; Ferneding, Karen Ann

    2007-01-01

    This paper draws on a part of the doctoral research study that investigates the potential impacts of Internet cafe use on Turkish college students' social capital. In this study, Internet cafe usage was portrayed by the amount of time spent and the frequency of online activities engaged at the cafes. Social capital, on the other hand, was…

  2. Slovakian and Turkish Students' Fear, Disgust and Perceived Danger of Invertebrates

    Prokop, Pavol; Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Fancovicova, Jana; Bahar, Mehmet

    2011-01-01

    Human perceives invertebrates less positively than vertebrates because they are small and behaviourally and morphologically unfamiliar. This cross-cultural research focused on Slovakian (n=150) and Turkish (n=164) students' fear, disgust and perceived danger regarding 25 invertebrates [including 5 disease relevant adult insects, 5 ectoparasites, 5…

  3. Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students

    Civitci, Asim

    2010-01-01

    In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

  4. Turkish School Students and Global Warming: Beliefs and Willingness to Act

    Kilinc, Ahmet; Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin

    2011-01-01

    One aim of environmental education is to persuade people to act in more pro-environmental ways. However, there is not a linear relationship between environmental knowledge "in general" and a willingness to act pro-environmentally. This research explores, using a specially-devised questionnaire, Turkish school students' beliefs about the benefits…

  5. Turkish University Students' Motivation to Learn English: Integration into International Community

    Bektas-Cetinkaya, Yesim

    2012-01-01

    This article explores Turkish university students' motivation and orientations toward learning English in a globalizing world. The study utilizes questionnaire responses and a focus group interview. Factor analysis of questionnaire data revealed three independent orientations, namely, "Integration into International Community," "Integration into…

  6. The Effects of Using Animations on Sixth Grade Students' Academic Success in Turkish Grammar Learning

    Gün, Mesut

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this empirical study is to determine how and to what extent the use of animations impacts auditory acquisition, one of the key learning fields in 6th grade grammar, as measured by students' academic success and completion rates. By using a pre-test and post-test design, this empirical study randomly divided a group of Turkish 6th…

  7. Opinions of Instructors about Reading Skills of Syrian Students Learning Turkish

    Gün, Mesut

    2015-01-01

    The outbreak of domestic turmoil in Syria in 2011 forced Syrian people to seek refuge in the neighbouring countries, one of which was Turkey. This situation brought many problems, the primary of which was language. In this sense, teaching Turkish to Syrian students became a necessity. Therefore, conducting research on language skills was seriously…

  8. Parental Communication and Perceived Parental Attitudes about Sexuality among Turkish College Students

    Topkaya, Nursel

    2012-01-01

    This current study was conducted to examine parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality with respect to gender among Turkish college students. Moreover, attitudes toward premarital sexuality with respect to gender were explored. A demographic data form, premarital sexual permissiveness scale, parental communication…

  9. Problematic Internet Use among Turkish University Students: A Multidimensional Investigation Based on Demographics and Internet Activities

    Tekinarslan, Erkan; Gurer, Melih Derya

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the Turkish undergraduate university students' problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.). Moreover, the study explored some predictors of…

  10. Surveying Turkish high school and university student attitudes and approaches to physics problem solving

    Balta, Nuri; Singh, Chandralekha

    2016-01-01

    Student attitudes and approaches to problem solving can impact how well they learn physics. Prior research in the US using a validated Attitude and Approaches to Problem Solving (AAPS) survey suggests that there are major differences between students in introductory physics and astronomy courses and physics experts in terms of their attitudes and approaches to physics problem solving. Here we discuss the validation, administration and analysis of data for the Turkish version of the AAPS survey for high school and university students in Turkey. After the validation and administration of the Turkish version of the survey, the analysis of the data was conducted by grouping the data by grade level, school type, and gender. While there are no statistically significant differences between the averages of various groups on the survey, overall, the university students in Turkey were more expert-like than vocational high school students. On an item by item basis, there are statistically differences between the average...

  11. Evaluation of agreement levels between parents and children in reporting oral health-related quality of life in 11-14 year-old children of Isfahan city in 1389

    Parvin Khadem; Seied Ebrahim Jabarifar; Hajiahmadi Maryam; Sadeghain Susan Susan; Mohamad Safaie

    2013-01-01

      Background and Aims: Oral health prepares us for daily activities without discomfort, and dissatisfaction. In this research, agreement level between parents and children aged 11-14 year-old in reporting child oral health-related quality of life was studied in Isfahan city.   Materials and Methods: In this descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study 128 pairs of parents and children aged 11-14 were selected with random sampling technique from schools in Isfahan and were asked to comple...

  12. A comparative study on family environment, self-concept and school performances of Turkish, German and foreign students living in Germany

    Somcelik-Köksal, Aysegül

    2008-01-01

    There are 1.998.534 Turkish people living in Germany (Beauftragte der Bundesregierung für Ausländerfrage, 2002). According to Educational Department of Turkish Embassy in Berlin (2001), it is indicated that 517 552 Turkish students are attending to preschools, elementary schools, special education schools, and vocational schools. The most common problems of Turkish children, living as an immigrant, are feeling of insecurity, shyness, sociability, need for affection and feeling of loneliness ...

  13. Financial literacy among Turkish college students: the role of formal education, learning approaches, and parental teaching.

    Akben-Selcuk, Elif; Altiok-Yilmaz, Ayse

    2014-10-01

    This study assessed financial literacy and its correlates among Turkish college students, with special emphasis on the role of formal education, learning approaches, and parental influences. Financial literacy was measured by the College Student Financial Literacy Survey, which assesses knowledge in four areas: general financial management, saving and borrowing, insurance, and investing. 853 Turkish university students were administered the survey (416 men, 437 women; M age = 20.3 yr., SD = 0.6). The mean percentage of correct responses was 45% (SD = 12.8%). Regression results showed that formal finance education in college, a deep approach to learning, and direct financial teaching by parents were significantly associated with higher financial literacy scores. PMID:25153844

  14. Investigating Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease Based on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome phenotypes in the 18-14 year Old High School Girls in Shiraz 2009

    MH Dabbaghmaneh; T. Naderi; M Akbarzadeh; HR Tabatabaee; Z Zareh

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: In patients with polycystic ovary syndrome hyperinsulinaemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia may represent an increased risk for coronary cardiovascular disease .This study aimed to investigate risk factors for cardiovascular disease based on polycystic ovary syndrome phenotypes in Shiraz. Methods: This Cross-sectional study was performed on 3200 students aged 18-14. Demographic survey, clinical signs of androgen excess (acne, hirsutism, alopecia), Ultrasound...

  15. Disruptive Behavior Disorders in 8 to 14 Years Old Offspring's of Opium and Heroin Dependent Parents: a Case-Control Study

    Eslami Shahrbabaki, Mahin; Ziaaddini, Hassan; Saieedi, Hamdollah; Nakhaiee, Nouzar

    2009-01-01

    Background: Drug abuse is usually associated with behavioral disorders in children especially conduct disorder. This study investigated the behavioral disorders of children whose parents were opium or heroin dependent in compare with children whose parents were non-addicts to find the effects of drug abuse on offspring's behavior disorders by adjusting intervening factors. Methods: This case-control study, compared the behavioral disorders of 128 students (aged 8 to 14 years) in two groups of...

  16. Surveying Turkish high school and university students' attitudes and approaches to physics problem solving

    Balta, Nuri; Mason, Andrew J.; Singh, Chandralekha

    2016-06-01

    Students' attitudes and approaches to physics problem solving can impact how well they learn physics and how successful they are in solving physics problems. Prior research in the U.S. using a validated Attitude and Approaches to Problem Solving (AAPS) survey suggests that there are major differences between students in introductory physics and astronomy courses and physics experts in terms of their attitudes and approaches to physics problem solving. Here we discuss the validation, administration, and analysis of data for the Turkish version of the AAPS survey for high school and university students in Turkey. After the validation and administration of the Turkish version of the survey, the analysis of the data was conducted by grouping the data by grade level, school type, and gender. While there are no statistically significant differences between the averages of various groups on the survey, overall, the university students in Turkey were more expertlike than vocational high school students. On an item by item basis, there are statistically differences between the averages of the groups on many items. For example, on average, the university students demonstrated less expertlike attitudes about the role of equations and formulas in problem solving, in solving difficult problems, and in knowing when the solution is not correct, whereas they displayed more expertlike attitudes and approaches on items related to metacognition in physics problem solving. A principal component analysis on the data yields item clusters into which the student responses on various survey items can be grouped. A comparison of the responses of the Turkish and American university students enrolled in algebra-based introductory physics courses shows that on more than half of the items, the responses of these two groups were statistically significantly different, with the U.S. students on average responding to the items in a more expertlike manner.

  17. Investigating Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease Based on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome phenotypes in the 18-14 year Old High School Girls in Shiraz 2009

    MH Dabbaghmaneh

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In patients with polycystic ovary syndrome hyperinsulinaemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia may represent an increased risk for coronary cardiovascular disease .This study aimed to investigate risk factors for cardiovascular disease based on polycystic ovary syndrome phenotypes in Shiraz. Methods: This Cross-sectional study was performed on 3200 students aged 18-14. Demographic survey, clinical signs of androgen excess (acne, hirsutism, alopecia, Ultrasound were applied in order to find the cyst. Tests included prolactin, dehydroepiandrodion sulfate, and oral glucose tolerance test, fasting blood glucose, blood sugar two hours later, triglycerides, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein. Data were submitted to SPSS software, version 11.5 and then analyzed by chi-square tests. Results: The serum cholesterol mean in four phenotypes had a statistically significant relationship with non-PCOS patients(p<0.05. Mean of serum cholesterol in oligomenorrhea, Hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary phenotype (195.09±30.28 was higher than the other phenotypes. Mean of serum cholesterol and low density lipoprotein(LDL-C were significantly higher in patients with Hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovarian phenotype(130.046±26.27 and oligomenorrhea, Hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary syndrome phenotype(138.58±28.34 compared with non-infected individuals. Serum glucose mean in all phenotype was higher than non-infected after two hours and it showed a significant relation in oligomenorrhea and also polycystic ovarian phenotype(98.03 ± 20.98 versus 87.5±12.97 with non-infected individuals. Conclusion: Biochemical factors that lead to increased risk of cardiovascular diseases is increased in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Therefore, it should be attended in prevention programs

  18. The Influence of Presage and Study Processes on Academic Success of Undergraduate Turkish Students

    Suphi, Nilgün

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT: The aim of the research was to make a preformative evaluation on which presage (personal and institutional) factors have the strongest influence on the learning process factors and academic achievement and which learning process factors have the strongest influence on academic achievement of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th year Turkish undergraduate students studying in the Faculty of Education in the Eastern Mediterranean University in one of the following programs: Guidance and Psychologica...

  19. Student Readiness for Technology Enhanced History Education in Turkish High Schools

    İbrahim Turan

    2010-01-01

    This study examined whether the Turkish high school social sciences major students would feel adequate and fit in atechnology-enhanced educational environment, particularly in history classrooms. To this extent, this study investigated highschool students’ level of proficiency in technology-use and their attitudes toward the use of educational technologies inclassrooms. The data for this study was collected using Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory (LSI Version-3) and a 27-item TechnologyQuestion...

  20. A Study on the Factors That Affect Turkish Students' Reading Comprehension Skills

    Aslan Y.

    2011-01-01

    Most of us often seem to read a piece of text, but we usually ignore using essential reading strategies during reading process. Thus, in this study a great deal of information was given about effective reading strategies to comprehend a passage or any other reading material in both native and foreign language. This study aims to show the significance of reading comprehension and the factors that affect the reading comprehension of Turkish students who want to improve their proficiency while r...

  1. Alcohol Use in Turkish University Students and Relationship of Automobile Races

    Mete, Emin; ERKMEN, Mehtap; KARADA?, Ahmet; BAVBEK, Nükhet; ÇATAL, Ferhat; TAYMAN, Cüneyt; URA?, Nurdan; D?LMEN, U?ur

    2008-01-01

    As a part of automobile races organized in Turkey, we investigated the drinking rate in Turkish University students and whether there is evidence that motor racing is associated with increased risk of drinking in young people. A cohort study funded by the Chest Diseases and Asthma Foundation was conducted in four universities in Ankara, Turkey. Self-completed questionnaires were administered to 1,000 young people that included information on demographics, drinking history, drinking-relat...

  2. The Relationships between the Big Five Personality Traits and Academic Motivation Levels of Turkish University Students

    BOZANOĞLU, İhsan; Sapancı, Ahmet

    2015-01-01

    The relationships between personality traits and motivation are significant for effective learning and teaching. The main purpose of this study is to determine the relationships between personality traits and motivation levels of Turkish university students. The specific purpose of the study is to determine which personality factor predicts academic motivation to what extent. For this purpose, Adjective Based Personality Scale (ABPT)  developed by Bacanlı et al. (2009) was conducted on 353   ...

  3. Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

    Son Osman; Son Nazan; Ayranci Unal

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM) supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public uni...

  4. Reliability and validity of a Self-Efficacy Scale for AIDS Prevention among Turkish university students.

    Serap Bulduk

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This study design determined the internal consistency, validity and factorial structure of the Turkish Self-Efficacy scale for AIDS (T-SEA-27. The 27 items scale firstly was translated into Turkish using back-translation method and the cultural equivalence was provided by expert views. Secondly, the psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on 507 university students. The test-retest reliability of the intraclass correlations was satisfactory in a subsample of 60 students tested after a 2-week interval. Psychometric analysis supported the reliability and validity of the T-SEA-27 scale and four subscales: refusing sexual intercourse (a= .97, questioning potential partners (a= .90, condom use (a= .74 and family related (a= .95. The self-efficacy score was significantly higher for those studying in health sciences, those who were not sexually active and the female students. Our outcomes showed that T-SEA-27 is a valid instrument in evaluating self-efficacy for HIV/AIDS in Turkish young people.

  5. Music Education Department students attitudes towards “Turkish Music History” course

    Burçin Uçaner

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted in order to analyze the attitudes of second, third, and fourth grade students at the Faculty of Education, Department of Music Education towards the Turkish Music History course. Descriptive research methods with quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been adopted with an integrated approach. The sample group includes 871 second, third, and fourth students from Music Education Departments of 12 universities in Turkey. Data have been obtained via a Turkish Music History Course Attitude Scale which was developed by the researcher. According to the findings of the research, students have stated that factors such as the inadequacy of the way the course was given, the attitude of the lecturer, the number of topics covered, the insipidity of the classes, the inappropriateness of the location and time of the classes, and the difficulty of the exams are the main reasons that negatively affected their attitudes. Nevertheless, they have stated that they enjoyed learning about Turkish music that the course contributed to their general knowledge and culture, that they liked the topics and that the course makes a positive impact on other courses; and they have made various suggestions.

  6. A Comparative Study on American and Turkish Students? Self Esteem in Terms of Sport Participation: A Study on Psychological Health

    Yigiter, Korkmaz

    2014-01-01

    The present research was conducted in order to compare self-esteem of American students with Turkish students in terms of the sport participation at the universities. For this purpose, a total of 460 students (M age = 19,61 ± 1,64) voluntarily participated in the study from two universities. As data collection tool, Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem…

  7. AN EVALUATION ON THE ATTITUDES OF THE STUDENTS IN SECONDARY EDUCATION TO TURKISH LITERATURE

    Cem ERDEM

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The effective determination of education environment plays an important role in reaching the identified aims of educational activities. It can be said that the attitudes compose an important data area in turning the educational environments into these aims because attitudes which are psychological processes are directly related to success. The aim of this study is to determine the attitudes of the students in secondary education to Turkish Literature lessons. The working area designed in the survey model is composed of 400 students chosen from the secondary education in the central regions in Ankara. In this study, in determining reliability of the measurement results, Cronbach-Alfa methos is used and the value of Cronbach-Alfa is calculated as 71. It has been found out descriptive differences in the attitudes of the students in secondary education to Turkish Literature according to such factors as their type of school, class level and gender. It has been found out that the attitudes of the students in Anatolian Vocational High School and Anatolian Teacher Training High School are much more higher than the students in Anatolian and Science High School. Moreover, it has also been determined that the students consider the texts used in Turkish Literature classes as unexciting and tedious. As a result of these findings, it is suggested that the texts in the course books be prepared according to psychological conditions of the students and the necessary precautions be taken by the institutions which train teachers and related Ministries in order to increase the teachers’ competencies.

  8. Heart Transplantation in a 14-Year-Old Boy in the Presence of Severe Out-of-Proportion Pulmonary Hypertension due to Restrictive Left Heart Disease: A Case Report

    Martin Schwienbacher

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A 14-year-old boy after balloon valvuloplasty of severe aortic valve stenosis in the neonatal period was referred for heart-lung transplantation because of high grade pulmonary hypertension and left heart dysfunction due to endocardial fibroelastosis with severe mitral insufficiency. After heart catheterization, hemodynamic parameters were invasively monitored: a course of levosimendan and initiation of diuretics led to a decrease of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (from maximum 35 to 24 mmHg. Instead of an expected decrease, mean pulmonary artery pressures (mPAP increased up to 80 mmHg with increasing transpulmonary pressure gradient (TPG up to 55 mmHg. Oral bosentan and intravenous epoprostenol then led to a ~50% decrease of mPAP (TPG between 16 and 22 mmHg. The boy was listed solely for heart transplantation which was successfully accomplished 1 month later.

  9. Student Readiness for Technology Enhanced History Education in Turkish High Schools

    İbrahim Turan

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This study examined whether the Turkish high school social sciences major students would feel adequate and fit in atechnology-enhanced educational environment, particularly in history classrooms. To this extent, this study investigated highschool students’ level of proficiency in technology-use and their attitudes toward the use of educational technologies inclassrooms. The data for this study was collected using Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory (LSI Version-3 and a 27-item TechnologyQuestionnaire. The results revealed that from the point of proficiency and attitude Turkish high school social sciences majorstudents have the essential technology skills and knowledge to feel adequate in a technology-enhanced learning environment.They also have positive attitudes toward use of educational technologies in history classrooms. Therefore they seem to beready for technology-enhanced instruction.

  10. Facebook addiction among Turkish college students: the role of psychological health, demographic, and usage characteristics.

    Koc, Mustafa; Gulyagci, Seval

    2013-04-01

    This study explored Facebook addiction among Turkish college students and its behavioral, demographic, and psychological health predictors. The Facebook Addiction Scale (FAS) was developed and its construct validity was assessed through factor analyses. A total of 447 students reported their personal information and Facebook usage and completed the FAS and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). The results revealed that weekly time commitment, social motives, severe depression, and anxiety and insomnia positively predicted Facebook addiction. Neither demographic variables nor the interactions of gender by usage characteristics were found to be significant predictors. PMID:23286695

  11. A Comparison of Stereotypes of German and Turkish Students towards Balkans

    Gürcan Ültanır

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Effective emotional thoughts like attitudes, stereotyped judgments and preconceptions are dependent on both collective and individual experiences. Experiences like reading an article or watching a movie that is based on a context determined by the curriculum might cause individual or collective discrimination towards different ethnic or cultural groups among students in a country. This study aims to explore the difference between two nations which are the Turkish nation that has many cultural and political bonds with Balkans in the history and the German nation, which is a nation that has little or no bonds with the Balkans. The main aim of the study is to figure out if the stereotypes towards Balkans can change according to the country in which an individual has grown up. MANOVA was used to figure out the difference between two capitals with regard to stereotypes towards Balkans. Findings of the study indicated that negative stereotype scores of students significantly changed according to the country in which students grew up, whereas no significant difference was found for positive stereotype scores. Moreover, it was found that Turkish students have more negative stereotypes towards Balkans than German students

  12. Food Attitudes towards Food Safety Concept among Turkish University Students

    Nihat Aycan; Suat Türkoğuz; Özlem Tokuşoğlu

    2005-01-01

    This study investigated university students food choices focusing on their reported usual intake and food safety perceptions and conducted at Manisa Celal Bayar University Engineering Faculty, Science and Art Faculty and Education Faculty students. The present study primary investigated how affects the storage style, manufacturing qualification, shelf life and food safety concept, advertisement effect on consuming, natural and fortificated foods to university students. Meanwhile, faculty diff...

  13. Alcohol drinking behaviors among Turkish high school students.

    Alikaşifoğlu, Müjgan; Erginöz, Ethem; Ercan, Oya; Uysal, Omer; Albayrak-Kaymak, Deniz; Ilter, Ozdemir

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, behavioral patterns and correlates of regular alcohol drinking in high school students. This cross-sectional study involved the completion of a modified version of "Health Behavior in School Age Children" (HBSC 1997/1998) questionnaire by 4,153 grade 9-11 students from 26 randomly selected high schools in Istanbul. Chi-square test, Spearman correlation test and forward stepwise multiple logistic regression model were used for statistical analyses as appropriate. Overall, 61% of students were experimental drinkers, and 46% of the students were current drinkers. There was a significant difference between female and male students with respect to reporting current alcohol drinking at grade 9 and 11 (p > 0.05 for each comparison). Regular drinking was reported by 6% of students. Male students were more likely than female students to report regular drinking at each grade (p bullying others, being sexually active, playing computer games > or = 4 h/week, exercising or = four evenings with friends, at ease in talking to same gender friends, tiredness in the morning, perceived as good-looking/beautiful, higher educational level of the mother and perceived poor academic achievement. The results of this study showed that alcohol consumption is prevalent among high school students. There is therefore a need for school-based alcohol prevention programs which also deal with family and peer influences on drinking. PMID:15074374

  14. Gender, Gender Roles Affecting Mate Preferences in Turkish College Students

    Gazioglu, A. Esra Ismen

    2008-01-01

    The subject of this study is gender and gender roles affecting mate preferences. The sample of the study consists of 300 undergraduates and master students. To identify students' gender roles the Sex Role Evaluation Inventory (Bem, 1974) is used. The Question List (Bacanli 2001; Buss et. al., 1990) is applied to the sample group to determine the…

  15. Turkish High School Students' Definitions for Parallelograms: Appropriate or Inappropriate?

    Cansiz Aktas, Meral

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate the appropriateness of high school students' definitions. The participants in this study were 269 high school students from a public school in Ordu city, which is on the Black Sea coast of Turkey. The participants were asked to write their definitions with no time constraints. In the analysis of the…

  16. The Views of Student-Teachers Attending a Turkish University on Discrimination Related to the Education of Women

    Murat, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    The current study aims to highlight how Turkish students perceive important issues such as discrimination against women, violence that surfaced as a result of discrimination, alienation, inequality between men and women and isolation of women from work life. A total of 50 students participated in the study. Individual interviews were conducted.…

  17. Effects of Interfaith Dialog Activities: The Role of a Turkish Student Association at an East Coast U.S. University

    Acar, Erkan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this case study is to analyze a Turkish Student Association's (TSA) extracurricular activities involving interfaith dialog with respect to their contributions to students' academic and social development in a predominantly white, Catholic, liberal arts college located in the Northeastern United States. The study aims to…

  18. The Relation General Anxiety Levels, Anxiety of Writing, and Attitude for Turkish Course of Secondary School Students

    Yaman, Havva

    2014-01-01

    This study analyzed whether secondary-school students' continuous and stationary anxieties predict their anxiety about writing and their attitudes about courses in Turkish. The research participants consisted of 281 students in Sakarya Province, 58% male and 42% female. The personal descriptive survey model was used for the research. As data…

  19. The Effect of Turkish Students' Motivational Beliefs on Their Metacognitive Self-Regulation in Physics

    Gurcay, Deniz; Balta, Ebru

    2013-01-01

    It is emphasized in several studies that both domain specific factors and cultural values and beliefs could have an effect on students' metacognitive self-regulation and motivational beliefs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of motivational beliefs on Turkish students' metacognitive self-regulation in physics courses.…

  20. Food Attitudes towards Food Safety Concept among Turkish University Students

    Nihat Aycan

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated university students’ food choices focusing on their reported usual intake and food safety perceptions and conducted at Manisa Celal Bayar University Engineering Faculty, Science and Art Faculty and Education Faculty students. The present study primary investigated how affects the storage style, manufacturing qualification, shelf life and food safety concept, advertisement effect on consuming, natural and fortificated foods to university students. Meanwhile, faculty differences, sex (male, female and age differences, living area, family features (parent living style, education, brother and sister number etc. of students were determined. In addition, consuming frequency of extensively consumed beverages (soft drinks, cola, tea, coffee, alcoholic drinks and bread as main consuming food were investigated based on sex and faculty criteria as daily, weekly, monthly.

  1. Eating Attitudes and Related Factors in Turkish Nursing Students

    Celik, Sevim; Ugur, Bayram Ali; Aykurt, Fethi Ahmet; Bektas, Muammer

    2015-01-01

    Background: Changing eating behaviors might trigger obesity, deficiency, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and reactive eating disorders. Objectives: This study aimed to determine eating attitudes of nursing students in the western Black-Sea region of Turkey as well as to examine the effects of demographic features, self-esteem, body image, income level, and family structure on their eating attitudes. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 310 nursing students bet...

  2. Nursing as career choice: perceptions of Turkish nursing students.

    Başkale, Hatice; Serçekuş, Pınar

    2015-01-01

    Students' perceptions of nursing influence their choice of nursing as a career and whether they remain in the profession. The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of entry-level male and female nursing students and the reasons for choosing nursing as a career. A qualitative approach was used by focus group interviews with 31 nursing students, and socio-demographic data were collected by questionnaire. Thematic content analysis was used to analyse the data, and findings were grouped into categories and themes. The first category was 'choosing', which included the themes of 'desire to help', 'satisfactory income, and guaranteed employment', 'influence of family and friends' and 'being in a health-related profession'. The second category was 'others' reactions, which included the single theme 'response'. The third category was 'the image of nursing' which included the themes of 'job description' and 'gender'. The study concluded that although a growing amount of male students are enrolling in nursing programs, stereotypical ideas persist, and nursing is considered a female-dominated profession. There is further need to track student experiences during or after clinical practice and explore whether students' perceptions change over time. PMID:26073696

  3. Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools

    Keloglu-Isler, Esra; Erdogan, Irfan

    Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male) attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire. Results of the study showed that nonsmoking students reported the most favorable opinions toward the issues questioned, whereas occasional smokers and regular smokers reported the least favorable opinions. The highest level of disagreement by smokers and nonsmokers was provided for banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria. Students generally agreed on that teachers should not smoke in the classrooms and in their offices with doors open. Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies embracing indoors and outdoors and identification and use of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation programs and services.

  4. What Are the Thinking Styles of Turkish Student Teachers?

    Fer, Seval

    2007-01-01

    Background: The Thinking Styles Inventory--developed by Sternberg and Wagner based on Sternberg's (1988, 1997) earlier theory of mental self-government--was selected for the research in order to assess thinking styles of student teachers. Another reason is that the theoretical constructs, as well as the inventory generated from the theory, have…

  5. Language Learnıng Strategy Preferences of Turkish Students

    Selma DENEME

    2008-01-01

    A learning style is a preferred way of acquiring knowledge and processing information. Learning styles may differ depending on gender, age, or culture. Niles (1995) in his study “Cultural Differences in Learning Motivation and Learning Strategies” studied the cultural impact on learning strategies and found considerable differences between culturally different students. Providing evidence for the relationship between culture and learning strategy preference and use, this study aims at examini...

  6. Surveying American and Turkish middle school students' existing knowledge of earthquakes by using a systemic network

    Oguz, Ayse

    Global environmental events are becoming increasingly important, because most of them enter our daily lives and somehow shape our everyday activities. Earthquakes are one of the most important environmental events affecting our life. Despite extensive media coverage, the public's scientific knowledge of earthquakes is limited. The purpose of this study was to design a questionnaire by using a new approach "Systemic Networks" to investigate students' existing knowledge of earthquakes. Systemic networks categorize features systematically in terms of events and their related actions. In the study, systemic networks were constructed around four possible features of earthquakes: (a) what are earthquakes? (b) how do earthquakes happen? (c) how can earthquakes affect other things such as objects or living things? and (d) what can be done to protect from earthquakes? The questionnaire was administered to 823 students in 5th through 8th grades. Participants included in the sample were chosen from two different locations: Aydin, Turkey, which is in a high-risk Earthquake zone; and Columbus/OH, which is in a low risk Earthquake zone. In addition, the majority of students in the United States have received formal instruction about earthquakes whereas the majority of students in Turkey have not. Comprehensive Exploratory Factor Analysis (CEFA version 1.03 for MS Windows) was used to examine students' patterns of thinking. Ten factors were found based on the students' common pattern of thinking and all ten factors represented separate themes framed around the features of systemic networks. The research showed similarities as well as differences between the responses in two countries. The US students' scientific knowledge about earthquakes was significantly higher than Turkish students and they held fewer naive beliefs than Turkish students about the definition of earthquakes and about how earthquakes happen. Over half of the students in both countries do not know about

  7. Attitudes Towards Seeking Psychological Help among a Sample of Turkish University Students: The Roles of Rumination and Internal Working Models

    Turan, Numan; Erdur-Baker, Özgür

    2014-01-01

    The current study investigates how attitudes towards seeking psychological help relate to internal working models of attachment (self-model and other-model) and ruminative tendencies. The study includes 589 Turkish university students (278 females, 308 males and 3 unknown) by implementing a convenient sampling procedure. The average age of the…

  8. The Predictive Strength of Perceived Parenting and Parental Attachment Styles on Psychological Symptoms among Turkish University Students

    Körük, Serdar; Öztürk, Abdülkadir; Kara, Ahmet

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the relationships between perceived parenting, parental attachment styles and psychological symptoms among Turkish university students and it also aims to find out which perceived parenting and parental attachment styles predict psychological symptoms which were measured. This study is a quantitative research and…

  9. The Relationship between Anxiety and Attitude of Students Learning Turkish as a Foreign Language and Their Achievement on Target Language

    Gocer, Ali

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess the anxiety connected with target language of the high school students learning Turkish as a foreign language. In this study, descriptive relational screening model was used. Two scales were used for collecting data. First scale was FLCAS-Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale; it was developed by Horwitz…

  10. Examination of the PISA 2009 Reading Skills and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Use Skills of Turkish Students

    Acar, Tülin

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to determine relation between PISA Reading Skills and ICT use skills of Turkish students. In this study are four variables such as joy/like Reading, use of Libraries, Online Reading and Plausible value in reading which are dealt with as indications of reading skills. It constitutes six variables such as attitude towards…

  11. APPROACHES IN INVESTIGATING ROMANIA’S IMAGE AS A TOURIST DESTINATION AMONG THE TURKISH STUDENTS

    Olimpia BAN

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The image of the tourist destination plays an essential role in the decision making process regarding the choice of a holiday. Image has a crucial role in the success of the destination because it influences the consumers’ satisfaction and helps in drawing up a promotion strategy for the positioning/repositioning on a certain market, branding/rebranding the tourist destination. Information from different sources contribute to the formation of the image of a certain destination, information which can be distributed into: the promotion performed by the destination; the other’s opinions (direct or indirect; mass-media and the popular culture. We intended to investigate Romania’s image a a tourist destination among the Turkish students. The results showed that the students had very poor knowledge of our country.

  12. Evaluation of agreement levels between parents and children in reporting oral health-related quality of life in 11-14 year-old children of Isfahan city in 1389

    Parvin Khadem

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available   Background and Aims: Oral health prepares us for daily activities without discomfort, and dissatisfaction. In this research, agreement level between parents and children aged 11-14 year-old in reporting child oral health-related quality of life was studied in Isfahan city.   Materials and Methods: In this descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study 128 pairs of parents and children aged 11-14 were selected with random sampling technique from schools in Isfahan and were asked to complete the relevant questionnaires. The questionnaires evaluated quality of life in four fields of oral signs, functional deficits and emotional and social health. In order to evaluate child-parent agreement, intra-correlation coefficient (ICC, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, Spearman’s correlation coefficient and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC were used (α=0.05.   Results: The agreements between PPQ11-14 (parent perception questionnaire, CPQ11-14 (child perception questionnaire and the related fields were 0.81, -0.67. The highest agreement level (ICC=0.83 was related to emotional health (excellent, followed by functional deficits (ICC=0.80, social health (ICC=0.69 and oral signs (ICC=0.64. Pearson's test showed significant correlations between CPQ11-14 and PPQ11-14 (r=0.81 (P<0.01.   Conclusion: Although parents, especially mothers, may be used as proxies for their children in relation to quality of life and related fields, the views of both should be obtained in order to fully represent child oral health-related quality of life issues.

  13. 宝鸡市城区0~14岁儿童哮喘调查研究%Investigation on asthma in 0~14 years old children in Baoji city

    吕菊红; 李文君; 魏升云; 汤淑斌; 李武军; 高改兰; 王玉; 柳文婧; 韩丽华

    2013-01-01

    【Objective】 To understand asthma prevalence in 0~14 years old children in Baoji city. 【Method】 The cluster sampling method was used to select randomly 0~14 years old Baoji children for investigation. 【Results】 Morbidity of asthma was 4. 82% in 0~14 year-old children in Baoji,the morbidity of boys' and girls' were 5. 68% and 3. 82% respec-tivily,the difference of morbidity between different gender was statistically significant (χ2 = 19. 965,P<0. 001). In terms of patients who had asthma attack in near 2 years,predisposing factors were mainly respiratory infections(98. 96%) and changes in the weather (87. 08% ) ,the seasons of asthma onset were autumn (42. 71%) and winter (21. 55%) primarily. An major hour of asthma onset were midnight (43. 13%) and mane primo (29. 38%). The age of the first asthma onset was under 3 years old accounted for 71. 04% ;rate of using antibiotic was 85. 21%. Multivariate unconditional logistic regression analysis presented that in the case of no cold or flu,children had sneezing,runny nose,nasal congestion,nasal itching or eye itching phenomenon were independent risk factors for asthma(P<0. 05) ,and repeated skin itching or joint flexor side rash,allergic rhinitis,allergic symptoms or similar allergies after eating some foods,caesarean,plus protein food within six months, history of using antibiotics,room wall using paint,doors and windows were made from plastic steel,coolingwith natural ventilation in summer,silkworm sand pillow were independent risk factors for asthma (P<0. 05) ; Heater using in winter heating, ventilation or cooling using fans in summer and down duvets were protective factors of asthma (P<0. 05). 【Conclusion】Compared to 2000,the morbidity of asthma in 0 -14 years of children in Baoji markedly rise,there are many risk factors of childhood asthma,and it is necessary to strengthen the prevention and control of children asthma.%[目的]了解宝鸡市城区0~14岁儿童哮喘流行情况,为有效

  14. Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in Turkish university students and assessment of associated factors

    Topal Kenan

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many students who begin university at risky periods for OCD development cannot meet the new challenges successfully. They often seek help and apply to the university health center for psychiatric distress. We aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD at students of the Cukurova University in this cross sectional study. Methods This study was performed in the Cukurova University Faculty of Education with a population of 5500 students; the representative sample size for detecting the OCD prevalence was calculated to be 800. After collecting sociodemographic data, we questioned the students for associated factors of OCD. The General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12 and Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI, Section K were used for psychiatric evaluation. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the linkage between OCD and associated factors. Results A total of 804 university students were included in this study. The GHQ-12-positive students (241 students, 29.9% were interviewed using Section K of the CIDI (222 students, 27.6%. OCD was diagnosed in 33 (4.2% students. The Logistic regression analysis of the data showed significant associations between OCD and male gender (p:0.036, living on government dormitory (p: 0.003, living on students' house/parental house (p:0.006, having private room in the parental house (p:0.055 and verbal abuse in the family (p:0.006. Conclusion This study demonstrates a higher prevalence of OCD among a group of university students compared to other prevalence studies of OCD in Turkish society. Furthermore, our findings also suggest relationships between OCD and sociodemographic factors, as well as other environmental stress factors.

  15. Teachers’ and Students’ Opinions about the Interactive Instructional Environment Designed for Bilingual Turkish Primary School Students in Norway

    Suzan Duygu Erişti

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Within the context of multicultural education process, bilingual students face the risk of failure due to the problems they experience while using their mother language. One of the groups that have similar problems is Turkish students in Norway; these students also have many problems in learning and using their mother language, Turkish. Some of these problems can be listed as being incompetent in comprehension and self-expression, having limited vocabulary size, inadequate source for language learning and having few class hours for Turkish learning (Belet, 2009. As one of the alternative solution for all these, designing an interactive learning media can be suggested. In this context, the present study contains two phases as designing process of interactive media for the bilingual students’ use of mother language and then revealing teachers and students’ opinions about the design process and designed interactive media. Before the design process of interactive learning media, a need assessment study on the basis of the teachers’ opinions about the problems that the students experience in Turkish learning, their expectations and characteristics was conducted. The data of the research, which was projected, based on the qualitative research method, were collected in the form of survey with open ended questions on need assessment study and design evaluation process, the findings obtained were analyzed and interpreted based on the descriptive analyses method. The results of need assessment indicated that Turkish primary education students in Norway were active in technology use but incompetent in comprehension and self-expression in Turkish, besides they did not have enough vocabulary knowledge. Furthermore, it was obtained that they did not have enough sources for language learning and use, thus they expected to use various learning CDs as alternative solution for these problems. According to the results of needs assessment study, some criteria

  16. Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

    Son Osman

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public university located in the west of Turkey. Responses were analysed, using the chi-square (x2 test, t test and percent (% ratios, according to gender and consumers. Differences were considered significant for p ≤ 0.05. Results Of 2253 students attending the university, 1871 participated in the survey (909 men and 962 women. Overall, the prevalence of NVNM supplement use was 16.5% (16.6% in men and 16.3% in women, p The three most commonly given reasons for use were 'improvement of energy and vitality (78.6%', 'promotion of weight loss (71.1%', followed by 'enhancement of athletic performance (64.3%'. Twenty-six of the 308 reported NVNM users (26/308, 8.4% reported having experienced an adverse reaction. Television (76.3%, magazines/newspapers (41.5% and internet websites (37.3% were the most frequently used sources for obtaining information about NVNM supplements. The three most frequently used NVNM supplements were echinacea, ginseng, and gingko biloba (38.6%, 36.4%, and 32.8%, respectively. Nutritional scores were higher in NVNM supplement users than in non-users (66.510.8 vs. 62.712.7 (p Conclusion The results indicate that the prevalence of NVNM supplement use is relatively modest among Turkish university students and more information is needed on why people use particular NVNM supplements.

  17. Data Mining of Students’ Performance: Turkish Students as a Case Study

    Oyebade K. Oyedotun

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Artificial neural networks have been used in different fields of artificial intelligence, and more specifically in machine learning. Although, other machine learning options are feasible in most situations, but the ease with which neural networks lend themselves to different problems which include pattern recognition, image compression, classification, computer vision, regression etc. has earned it a remarkable place in the machine learning field. This research exploits neural networks as a data mining tool in predicting the number of times a student repeats a course, considering some attributes relating to the course itself, the teacher, and the particular student. Neural networks were used in this work to map the relationship between some attributes related to students’ course assessment and the number of times a student will possibly repeat a course before he passes. It is the hope that the possibility to predict students’ performance from such complex relationships can help facilitate the fine-tuning of academic systems and policies implemented in learning environments. To validate the power of neural networks in data mining, Turkish students’ performance database has been used; feedforward and radial basis function networks were trained for this task. The performances obtained from these networks were evaluated in consideration of achieved recognition rates and training time

  18. Analysis on antibody level of poliomyelitis in Qinghai among children between 1 and 14-years-old%青海省1~14岁儿童脊髓灰质炎抗体水平调查分析

    柴贵德

    2013-01-01

    Objective To understand the antibody level of poliomyelitis, and evaluate the effect of poliomyelitis vaccination. Method Detect the antibody in polio by microporous plastic board. The ratio exceed 1: 4 was positive. Results Choose a county (district) from the five regions in Qinghai, and select 1 069 children randomly between 1 and 14 years old to detect their antibody level of poliomyelitis. The antibody positive rates of ⅠⅡ and Ⅲ -type were 94. 95% , 95. 14% and 94. 20% , respectively. The geometric mean titers of Ⅰ, Ⅱ, and Ⅲ -type were 1:228. 16, 1: 292. 80 and 1: 216. 78, respectively. The antibody positive rates were different in each district. Xinning City was the highest, which were 98. 62% , 97. 46% and 97. 70; Haixi was the lowest, which were 90. 43% , 92. 67% and 89. 01%. The antibody positive rates were significant different among different age groups. The antibody level of children between 1 and 4 years old was the highest, and it gradually decreased along with ages. The antibody positive rate had statistical significance in different regions and ages, however, there had no statistical significance in different genders. Conclusions The antibody level of poliomyelitis among children was relatively high in Qinghai, however, there was great difference among different regions. We suggested each district, especially the remote and border areas in Qinghai to Strengthen poliomyelitis vaccine strengthened immunity, so as to improve the immune success rate.%目的 了解青海省1~14岁儿童脊髓灰质炎(脊灰)抗体水平,评价脊灰疫苗接种效果.方法 采用微孔塑料板法检测脊灰中和抗体,≥1;4为阳性.结果 对全省5个地市各选择一个县(区)随机抽取1 ~14岁儿童共1 069人进行脊灰抗体水平检测.结果Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ型抗体阳性率分别为94.95%、95.14%、94.20%.抗体几何平均滴度Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅱ型分别1∶228.16、1∶292.80、1:216.78.全省不同地区抗体阳

  19. A New Group about Teaching Turkish to Foreigners: Refugees and Refugee Students

    Arslan, Akif

    2011-01-01

    In today's world for countries, teaching language and communication became an important issue for making these countries' cultures spread and making them powerful and effective in the global world. A way to make Turkey effective and well known is teaching Turkish and Turkish culture refugees are important opportunity for this. This study is one of…

  20. Equity in the Turkish Education System: A Multilevel Analysis of Social Background Influences on the Mathematics Performance of 15-Year-Old Students

    Özdemir, Caner

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims to discover the level of equity in the Turkish education system using maths outcomes of 15-year-old students in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) exam. In order to do that, associations between various social background variables and student performance are analysed via multilevel models. Female pupils,…

  1. Strengthening the Impact and Value of International Marketing Curriculum outcomes: A Comparative Study of Turkish and European Business Students Perception of coursework and careers

    Hollensen, Svend; Gegez, Ercan; Venable, Beverly

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the perceptions of business school students regarding international marketing courses and careers. A comparative study of Turkish and Northern European students' perceptions towards international marketing courses and international marketing careers was...... conducted. Results of the study indicated significant differences between Turkish and Northern European students regarding their perceptions of international marketing both in terms of course work and careers. Turkish students in this study perceived international courses as being exiting, trendy and...... providing opportunities leading to better job opportunities and better salaries. In contrast, the Northern European students perceived international marketing courses as a 'natural' requirement for marketing majors and not providing better job opportunities or salaries....

  2. THE COOPERATION AND DETERMINATION OF PERSONAL INTEGRATION LEVELS OF TURKISH STUDENTS ACCORDING TO THEIR SPORTS PARTICIPATION LEVEL

    Emin KURU

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to determine and the personal integration levels of Turkish students who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and who not doing sports living in Germany. This research includes 440 students studying in schools determined by Republic of Turkey, Embassy of Munich, Office of Education Attache who inhabit in Munich and its surroundings and who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and not doing sports. In this research, “Personal Information Form” and “ Hacettepe Personality Inventory” were used as data gathering tool. As a result of research, if averages of Hacettepe Personality Inventory (HPI subscale point are analyzed in terms of sex,age and type of school, it is apparent that points of students who doing sports are higher than the points of students who not doing sport; in other words students who doing sports are more adaptable than the students who not doing sports.

  3. Prevalence of burns in children between 0-14 years old in Fuyang Anhui%安徽省阜阳农村地区0~14岁儿童烧伤患病率调查

    于晓锋; 徐庆连

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解安徽省阜阳农村地区0~14岁儿童烧伤患病情况及发病的危险因素,为儿童烧伤防治工作提供参考依据。方法:通过多级分层、随机抽样的流行病学调查方法,采用自编儿童烧伤情况调查表进行问卷调查。具体内容为性别、年龄、行政村、月份、烧伤时刻及程度等。结果:在调查的2463人中,烧伤患儿125人,总患病率为5.1%,男性患病率7.5%,高于女性的2.8%(P<0.01);儿童烧伤患病率无论男女在1~3岁年龄段最高,各年龄组间差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);不同行政村间儿童烧伤患病率差异有统计学意义(P<0.01),最高为8.4%,最低为2.5%;在所有的烧伤儿童中,轻度烧伤患病率最高为2.5%,中度烧伤1.5%。在不同时间段中,17:00~24:00时间段患病率最高为2.8%;不同月份中,4~6月份患病率最高为2.1%。结论:安徽省阜阳农村地区0~14岁儿童烧伤患病率为5.1%,男性患儿是危险因素,17:00~24:00时间段及4~6月份是高发因素,幼儿期及学龄前期是患病高发期。%Objective:To explore the risk factors for burns in children between 0 to 14 years old in Fuyang and to provide scientific basis for the prevention. Methods:The multilevel hierarchy,epidemiological random sampling and a self-designed questionnaire were adopted to investigate the patients’ gender,age,administrative village,months and time point of burn occurrence and the severity of the burn. Results:Among the 2 463 children investigated,pediatric burns were found in 125 of them,with a total prevalence rate of 5. 1%;the male had a higher prevalence rate than the female(7. 5% vs 2. 8 %,P<0. 05);the incidence of pediatric burns was the highest during the age of 1-3,which decreased gradually with the age increasing. The difference was statistically significant among each age group(P<0. 01). The difference of pediatric burns in different villages was significant,from the incidence of 8. 4% to 2. 5%(P

  4. School truancy among Turkish high school students: A test of General Strain Theory

    Ozgur Solakoglu

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available School absenteeism is a complicated problem with a variety of causes. It has been shown to be one of the main predictors of school drop-outs as well as leading to delinquency and criminal behavior in adulthood. This study examines the applicability of General Strain Theory on educational factors by considering truancy as a risk behavior. In this empirical study, we test the explanatory powers of certain kinds of strain, including school strain, economic deprivation, negative life events, anger, college plans, past victimization, and depression on students’ truancy. Data were drawn from the part of 2008 Youth in Europe Survey conducted in Istanbul in 2008. The sample consists of 2445 high school students. Results indicate that school strain, anger, and negative life events are significantly associated with likelihood of truancy while past victimization and economic strain have no effect. College goal and depression, on the other hand, have relatively weaker effects on students’ school absenteeism. Findings revealed that there is a relationship between cutting classes and certain kinds of strain among Turkish adolescents. The study also demonstrates that General Strain Theory is applicable for problematic behaviors in an educational context and generalizable to countries other than the U.S.

  5. Exploring Teacher Perceptions and Expectations of Turkish, Kurdish and Turkish Cypriot Girls from the Perspectives of Both Teachers and Students in Three London Secondary Schools

    Jones, Ann Elisabeth

    2014-01-01

    This article considers the role of teacher perceptions and expectations in the relatively low educational achievement of Turkish, Kurdish and Turkish Cypriot (T/K/TC) girls in the English secondary system. Recent research emphasises the "invisibility" of these groups within educational settings. However, the study reported here finds, on…

  6. PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES AND INITIAL FINDINGS OF THE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY STAGES OF CHANGE QUESTIONNAIRE AMONG TURKISH MIDDLE SCHOOL STUDENTS

    Cevdet

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is twofold: (1 to determine the concurrent validity and reliability of the Physical Activity Stages of Change Questionnaire among Turkish 6th to 8th grade students, and (2 to examine 6th to 8th grade students’ stages of change for physical activity (PA by sex. Participants (n=334 completed the Physical Activity Stages of Change Questionnaire and One-Week Physical Activity Recall questionnaire. The Pearson chi-square distribution was used to evaluate concurrent validity, and the test-retest calculation was used for reliability. The chi-square findings revealed a significant difference in PA scores at different stages of change. The test-retest value was also calculated as acceptable. Regarding the second research question, results indicated a significant difference by sex in stages of change. Further analysis revealed that a lower percentage of girls were in the maintenance stage than boys. Girls had a problem maintaining PA behavior compared to boys. It can be stated that the Turkish Physical Activity Stages of Change Questionnaire has indicated concurrent validity and reliability of evidence among Turkish 6th to 8th graders. Future intervention studies on girls’ PA behaviors should be structured using the stages of change levels, and more PA opportunities should be made available to them.

  7. AN ANALYSIS OF FACTORS, WHICH INFLUENCE TURKISH STUDENTS AT PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN GERMANY: ACCORDING TO OPINIONS OF THE FAMILIES

    Gülsün Şahan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available After the agreement signed between Germany and Turkey in 1961, hundreds of thousands of Turkish nationals immigrated to Germany as guest workers. Since1974, these guest workers bring their spouses and children to Germany as well under the family reunification law. While at first it was thought that the workers would return to their home countries, they settled in Germany where they established a new living space. These workers' children speak Turkish at home while learning German as second language in pre-primary school. In accordance with the guidance given at the end of four years of primary education, they continue to secondary school. While the children who learn German well have a chance to upon successful completion of which they can qualify for higher education, many immigrant children have to continue vocational education schools. The aim of this work is to determine the factors which Influence success of the Turkish primary school students based on parents' opinion and develop recommendations to increase these children's academic successes. In this work the qualitative research method is used and the research data collected with a semi-structured survey form. The study group is chosen by using „Maximum Sampling Method“ and is composed of a total of 18 Parents in Karlsruhe and Freiburg in Baden Württemberg region. „Content Analysis“ has been carried out to analyze the data.

  8. A Comparative Study of the Effects of a Concept Mapping Enhanced Laboratory Experience on Turkish High School Students' Understanding of Acid-Base Chemistry

    Ozmen, Haluk; Demircioglu, Gokhan; Coll, Richard K.

    2009-01-01

    The research reported here consists of the introduction of an intervention based on a series of laboratory activities combined with concept mapping. The purpose of this intervention was to enhance student understanding of acid-base chemistry for tenth grade students' from two classes in a Turkish high school. An additional aim was to enhance…

  9. Turkish University Students' Perceptions of the World Wide Web as a Learning Tool: An Investigation Based on Gender, Socio-Economic Background, and Web Experience

    Tekinarslan, Erkan

    2009-01-01

    The main purpose of the study is to investigate Turkish undergraduate students' perceptions of the Web as a learning tool and to analyze whether their perceptions differ significantly based on gender, socio-economic background, and Web experience. Data obtained from 722 undergraduate students (331 males and 391 females) were used in the analyses.…

  10. THE EFFECT OF A FIGURE WHERE SYMMETRY USED IN TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS IS APPLIED ON WRITING SKILLS OF TURKISH LANGUAGE AND PRIMARY MATHEMATICS TEACHING 1ST GRADE STUDENTS

    Mine AKTAŞ

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available With this study, it is aimed to afford an artistic development for science of mathematics with using literary language and learn with associating visual themes and imaginariness in essays. In the study, different written expression works, which are composed about same symmetric figure, of first grade preservice teachers of Turkish Language and Mathematics Teaching are compared.This study will put forth the grasp of communication skill of preservice students who are implementers of new program of Turkish and Mathematics lesson used from 2005 and in which the importance of this skill is emphasized. Also this study will contribute education of preservice students henceforwards.

  11. Approaches of elementary school students towards the lesson of Ataturk’s principles and history of Turkish Revolution of the Turkish Republic

    Bengül Salman Bolat

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available It can be said that French Revolution, broke out in 1789, affected Europe deeply in freedom, equality, particularly with the ideas of nationalism. New values were introduced with the nationalism. With the new symbols, national states sought to give the community a new identity. Within this new formation, political powers in the adoption by the community and in its efforts to provide legitimacy, transfer tools to future generations are extremely important. In this context, the teaching of history is of great importance. In this study, a field survey was conducted on the lesson called Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution which have aims such as being able to teach the stages of foundation of the Republic of Turkey and to transfer the information to future generations. In that study, it was also aimed to find out information about the methodology of the lesson which has great importance on the development of the consciousness of Nationalism and citizenship and about founder of Turkish republic Ataturk. In this study a survey model was used. The students, who were studying in Kırşehir in the 2010-2011 academic years, set the population of the survey. To collect data in the survey, a questioner is used with the aim of discovering the opinions of the students about the course of “Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution. In the analysis, the t-test is used and the method of single factor variance analysis (ANOVA and percentage frequency is used.

  12. The Opinions of Instructors Teaching Turkish to Foreigners about the Writing Skills of Syrian Students

    Sengül, Murat

    2015-01-01

    This study focuses on the difficulties experienced by the instructors while teaching writing skill to Arabians from Syria, and how these difficulties could be overcome. The study group of the research includes 11 instructors working in Turkish Teaching Centers (TTCs) of Cukurova University and Adana Science and Technology University. The data…

  13. The Effects of the First Step to Success Program on Academic Engagement Behaviors of Turkish Students with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

    Ozdemir, Selda

    2011-01-01

    The present study evaluated the effectiveness of the First Step to Success (FSS) early intervention program with Turkish children identified with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Intervention effectiveness on target children's academic engagement behaviors was studied. Participants were four 7-year-old first-grade students in…

  14. Psychological Sense of University Membership: An Adaptation Study of the PSSM Scale for Turkish University Students.

    Alkan, Neşe

    2016-05-18

    The Psychological Sense of School Membership Scale (PSSM) is a widely used instrument to assess the sense of belonging to a school among adolescents. Despite its widespread use in middle and high school students, to date no particular adaptation study has been conducted for its use among university students. For this reason, the present study conducted an adaptation of the PSSM scale for these students. Five hundred and nine students at a Turkish university voluntarily participated in the study, and the PSSM Scale's factor structure was examined by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, identifying three factors representing the students' sense of university membership with acceptable internal consistencies: acceptance by faculty members (.70), belonging (.75), and acceptance by students (.76). The internal consistency of the 18-item scale was calculated as .84. As hypothesized, the convergent and discriminant validity of the scale was also tested. The self-report sense of belonging and degree of satisfaction with the university were positively correlated with the three dimensions of the scale. Also, the scores regarding the students' intention to drop out of university along with loneliness were negatively correlated with all the dimension of the PSSM scale. PMID:26398445

  15. THE WRITING PROBLEMS OF IRANIAN STUDENTS IN THE BASIC LEVEL WHO LEARNS TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

    Emrah Boylu

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available At all levels of education as well as teaching Turkish to foreigners is an issue to be dealt with on the importance of input and output. In this respect, the work of writing and language learning that is possible to determine the level of their writing skills. In this context, at the end of term exams and courses, as well as on the data obtained, the detection and correction of errors, both in terms of the potential students and the teacher guiding the student is. In addition, the students already know their mistakes, to gain the ability to write in the future is important to minimize errors. At this work we identified the Iranian students writing problems and presented their recommendations for the solution. The study designed as a survey. The Data collected about the students problems on writing from the exams which the centre done on writing part and the students composition papers during the period. The mistakes of the students made in written expression, grouped audio information, morphology, the syntax and orthography.

  16. Turkish secondary education students' perceptions of their classroom learning environment and their attitude towards Biology

    Telli, S.; Cakiroglu, J.; den Brok, P.

    2006-01-01

    The domain of learning environments research has produced many promising findings, leading to an enhancement of the teaching and learning process in many countries. However, there have been a limited number of studies in this field in Turkey. For that reason, the purpose of the present study was to examine Turkish high school students’ perceptions of their classroom environment in biology and to investigate relationships between these perceptions and students’ attitudes toward biology. Second...

  17. The Effective English Language Teacher from the Perspectives of Turkish Preparatory School Students

    Arıkan, Arda; Hacettepe University, Faculty of Education, Department of Foreign Language Teaching; Taşer, Duygu; Instructor and PhD Student, Middle East Technical University; Saraç-Süzer, H. Sezgi; Başkent University, Faculty of Education, Department of English Language Teaching

    2010-01-01

    In this study, Turkish EFL students’ conceptualization of an effective English language teacher is studied. A survey formerly developed by Yu-Hsin (1999) was adapted and administered to 100 foreign language learners studying at two state universities’ English language preparatory schools. Also, participants’ written responses were collected to understand the qualities attributed to the effective teacher. Results show that an effective teacher is a friendly, young, enthusiastic, creative, and ...

  18. Assessment of the dentoskeletal changes following the use of twin-block functional appliance and inclined anterior bite plan in the patients with class II malocclusion div 1 in 11-14 years old

    Allahyar Geramy

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Cl II malocclusion is one of the most common abnormalities in human societies and using a simple, affordable and accessible treatment that can be provided by general practitioners or specialists, to prevent future malocclusion complications is vital. Cl II malocclusion treatment using functional appliances such as twin block and anterior inclined bite plan have less cost, side effects and complications compared to fixed orthodontic or orthosurgery. Until now, the dentoskeletal changes resulting from the application of twin block and anterior inclined bite plan in patients with Class II malocclusion has not been evaluated. The objective of the present study was to assess the dentoskeletal changes following the use of twin-block functional appliance and inclined anterior bite plan in the patients with class II malocclusion div 1 during mixed dentition. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective cohort trial, 60 patients with the definitive diagnosis of Class II div. 1 malocclusion having ANB>2 and FMA angel between 20 and 30 and without any previous treatment or syndrome who were treated with twin-block or inclined anterior bite plan appliance were selected and their lateral cephalometries were traced before and after treatment. Selected distance and angular landmarks were measured on the cephalograms with the good reliability (ICC=0.953 and the changes occurred in the landmarks were statistically analyzed using Student t test. Results: Due to the increased mandibular growth, most of the landmarks experienced significant changes following the treatment with twin-block and inclined bite plan (P0.05, however, SNA (P=0.04, overjet (P=0.007 and wits appraisal (P=0.004 changed differently after using the appliances. Conclusion: Despite with most similarities of both twin-block and anterior inclined bite plan to correct class II div. 1 malocclusion, Due to the advantages of anterior inclined bite plan such as less size, good

  19. The severity of Internet addiction risk and its relationship with the severity of borderline personality features, childhood traumas, dissociative experiences, depression and anxiety symptoms among Turkish university students.

    Dalbudak, Ercan; Evren, Cuneyt; Aldemir, Secil; Evren, Bilge

    2014-11-30

    The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of Internet addiction (IA) risk with the severity of borderline personality features, childhood traumas, dissociative experiences, depression and anxiety symptoms among Turkish university students. A total of 271 Turkish university students participated in this study. The students were assessed through the Internet Addiction Scale (IAS), the Borderline Personality Inventory (BPI), the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). The rates of students were 19.9% (n=54) in the high IA risk group, 38.7% (n=105) in the mild IA risk group and 41.3% (n=112) in the group without IA risk. Correlation analyses revealed that the severity of IA risk was related with BPI, DES, emotional abuse, CTQ-28, depression and anxiety scores. Univariate covariance analysis (ANCOVA) indicated that the severity of borderline personality features, emotional abuse, depression and anxiety symptoms were the predictors of IAS score, while gender had no effect on IAS score. Among childhood trauma types, emotional abuse seems to be the main predictor of IA risk severity. Borderline personality features predicted the severity of IA risk together with emotional abuse, depression and anxiety symptoms among Turkish university students. PMID:25023365

  20. The Effect of Guided-Inquiry Instruction on 6th Grade Turkish Students' Achievement, Science Process Skills, and Attitudes Toward Science

    Ayse Koksal, Ela; Berberoglu, Giray

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of guided-inquiry approach in science classes over existing science and technology curriculum in developing content-based science achievement, science process skills, and attitude toward science of grade level 6 students in Turkey. Non-equivalent control group quasi-experimental design was used to investigate the treatment effect. There were 162 students in the experimental group and 142 students in the control group. Both the experimental and control group students took the Achievement Test in Reproduction, Development, and Growth in Living Things (RDGLT), Science Process Skills Test, and Attitudes Toward Science Questionnaire, as pre-test and post-test. Repeated analysis of variance design was used in analyzing the data. Both the experimental and control group students were taught in RDGLT units for 22 class hours. The results indicated the positive effect of guided-inquiry approach on the Turkish students' cognitive as well as affective characteristics. The guided inquiry enhanced the experimental group students' understandings of the science concepts as well as the inquiry skills more than the control group students. Similarly, the experimental group students improved their attitudes toward science more than the control group students as a result of treatment. The guided inquiry seems a transition between traditional teaching method and student-centred activities in the Turkish schools.

  1. 宁波市2002-2009年O~14岁儿童伤害死亡流行病学分析%Analysis on injury death among 0-14-year-old children in Ningbo,2002-2009

    梅秋红; 许国章

    2012-01-01

    Objective The purpose of this research was to make a understanding of the epidemiological characteristics of injury death among 0-14-year-old children in Ningbo so as to provide injury prevention and control with scientific basis. Methods Death registration data from 2002 to 2009 in Ningbo death monitoring system were analyzed by descriptive epidemiology method. Results From 2002 to 2009, the injury mortality rate of 0-14-year-old children was 21. 10/ 105 , accounted for 31. 59% of children death cases. Injury death of babies accounted for 8. 27% . In rural regions, the injury mortality rate of children (24.05/105) was higher than that in cities (15.89/105) and among males (27.90/105) than females (14.18/105). It manifested a decreasing trend along with the rise of children's age (P<0.05 ). Accidental mechanical asphyxia, accounting for 46. 20% of injury death. Among 1-14-year-old children, drowning was primary cause of injury death , and motorcar accidents was the second, accounted for 59.30% and 19.23% , respectively. The standardized rate of YPLL was 79.91‰. Conclusion Injury has become the first cause of death among the 0-14-year-old children in Ningbo, especially drowning and motorcar accidents that have more severe harm to the children' s life and health, which indicate the urgent need to carry out prevention and control work.%目的 了解宁波市0~14岁儿童伤害死亡的流行病学特征,为开展儿童伤害的预防工作提供科学依据.方法 利用描述性流行病学的方法对宁波市2002-2009年死亡登记资料进行统计分析.结果 2002-2009年宁波市0~14岁儿童伤害死亡率为21.10/10万,占儿童死亡的31.59%,其中伤害占婴儿死亡的8.27%.农村儿童伤害死亡率(24.05/10万)高于城市儿童(15.89/10万),男童伤害死亡率(27.90/10万)高于女童(14.18/10万),儿童伤害死亡率随着年龄的增加呈下降趋势(P<0.05).意外机械性窒息是婴儿死亡的首位

  2. Gender-related beliefs of Turkish female science teachers and their effect on interactions with female and male students

    Uysal, Sibel

    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between Turkish female science teachers' gender-related beliefs and those teachers' corresponding interaction with their male and female students. The data was collected from five different sources: Surveys, interviews, observations, chi square data from the observation phase, and interviews with selected teachers. The data was analyzed using the Ericson interpretive method of socio-cultural theories which provided a framework for understanding the development of teacher beliefs and their interactions with their students. In this study, the survey revealed three types of teachers ranging from traditional, moderate to modern. Moderate teachers exhibited characteristics that were on a continuum between the traditional and modern teachers. Traditional teachers believed that males and females should have certain defined roles. Females should be responsible for taking care of the needs of their children and their husbands. By comparison, modern teachers did not assign specific roles to either males or females. With regard to the role of women in science, traditional teachers believed that female scientists could not be as successful as male scientists. By comparison, modern teachers believed that female scientists could be as successful as male scientists. Modern teachers did indicate that they thought females needed to work harder than males to prove themselves. When it came to the teachers' views and beliefs regarding their female and male students' success in their science classrooms, traditional teachers believed that their male students were brighter than their female students. They also believed that female students excelled only because they worked harder. Modern teachers believed that success is dependent on each student's background and his or her interest in science. Classroom observation indicated that traditional and modern teachers interacted differently with their male and female students

  3. CreatIng Web-based Math learnIng tool for TURKISH mIddle school students: Webquest

    Aytac KURTULUS

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Internet is the most important product for the computer technology and it began to be used in many fields. Especially in the recent years, the usage of Internet has increased in the fields of communication, entertainment, advertisement, media, and technology. In Turkey, the usage of Internet is not used very common and active in primary and secondary education. The fast developments of the new technologies and the Web-Based Education Systems must be increased the importance of giving courses. In this study, the information to be aimed at is to introduce the WebQuest system, which was developed at San Diego State University by Bernie Dodge. A webQuest can be used web-based math learning tool for Turkish middle school students. Therefore, an example of geometry education WebQuest is given to introduce WebQuest system because WebQuest will be active in geometry teaching similar to the other subjects. An overview of WebQuest technology application and several resources for teachers and students interested in creating WebQuests can be found on The WebQutest Page (Dodge, 2001. Table 1 lists web sites that have many of these resources.

  4. Factors Effecting E-Learning Preference: An Analysis On Turkish University Students From Government and Private Institutions

    Emine Sevinç Çağlar

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Informationand communications technology has become an important tool in education. The use of online e-learning by members of educational communities isincreasing, and this seems to bean accelerating tendency that will go on for the coming years. So it isimportant to identify and address students’ preferences or their anxieties ine-learning, to offer beneficial programs. Although Turkish educational system,especially in universities, is also taking action parallel to this globaltrend, there is only limited research on the subject. Present study aims tofill this gap, andto identify effective factors while highlighting theircontributions on e-learning preferences of university students. The sample ofthe study consist 606 university students from both government and privateinstitutions which enables group comparisons. Results indicate ‘reduction intraining costs’ and ‘time flexibility of the programs’ are the most valuedfactors to prefer e-learning. On the other hand,having courses and the exams on the internet was not found to be muchfavorable. With respect to demographic variables such as age, gender,private/government university, department, and grade (the year at theuniversity group differences were identified. Based on the findings,suggestions were presented.

  5. Psychometric properties of Frustration Discomfort Scale in a Turkish sample.

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Harrington, Neil

    2012-08-01

    The present study assessed the psychometric properties of the Frustration Discomfort Scale for Turkish college students. The Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS), Procrastination Assessment Scale-Student, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered to a sample of 171 (98 women, 73 men) Turkish college students. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis yielded fit index values demonstrating viability of the four-dimensional solution as in the original. Findings also revealed that, as predicted, the Discomfort Intolerance subscale of Turkish FDS was most strongly correlated with procrastination. Overall results provided evidence for the factor validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the scale for use in a Turkish population. PMID:23045854

  6. 佛山市顺德区乐从镇0~14岁儿童哮喘的流行病学调查%Epidemiological Study on Bronchia Asthma Among 0 to 14 Years Old Children in Lecong Town/

    黎教武; 黄锦茵; 郭凤美; 李靖

    2012-01-01

      目的:了解佛山市顺德区乐从镇0~14岁儿童哮喘的流行现状及危险因素.方法:采用整群随机抽样的方法,在佛山市顺德区乐从镇共抽取调查对象1354例,先由调查员筛查哮喘患儿及可疑哮喘患儿,然后由调研人员对哮喘及可疑哮喘患儿进一步的病史询问及检查.采用Logistic回归分析哮喘与个人过敏史、家族过敏史、环境及生活方式危险因素的相关性.结果:乐从镇0~14岁儿童中,哮喘确诊19例,总患病率为1.40%,男性患病率为1.25%,女性患病率为1.60%,性别间患病率比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).累计15.80%哮喘患者有过敏史,47.37%哮喘患者的直系亲属有过敏性史.多变量Logistic回归分析显示,哮喘的危险因素为直系亲属哮喘史(OR 23.614,95%CI 7.921~70.396)、狗过敏史(OR值为5.100,95%CI值为1.069~24.335).结论:乐从镇0~14岁儿童哮喘患病率为1.40%,遗传因素、个人特应性体质、直系亲属哮喘史及狗过敏史可以提高乐从镇0~14岁儿童哮喘的发病风险.%  Objective:To survey asthma prevalence and risk factors of asthma of 0-14-year-old children in Lecong Town. Method:1354 children of Lecong town were selected by cluster random sampling and surveyed by using standardized questionnaires. Asthmatic patients and suspect cases were screened out and examined further. Logistic regression anlysis was used to analyse the association of asthma and risk factors among 0 to14-year-old children. Result:There were 19 cases of asthma among the 1354 children in Lecong Town. The prevalence of asthma was 1.40%. There was no statistical significance between the prevalence in men(1.25%)and in women(1.60%,x2=0.261,P=0.609,P>0.05). 15.80%of the patients had allergy history. 47.37%of them had family allergy history. Logistic regression analyses indicated that family history of asthma and dog were significant risk factor of asthma. Conclusion:The asthma prevalence of 15 to 59

  7. 绍兴地区0~14岁儿童纤维结合蛋白参考区间建立%Establishment of the reference range of fibronectin for children aged 0-14 years old in Shaoxing region

    葛国兴; 钟亚萍; 梁美春

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨本地区健康儿童纤维结合蛋白(Fn)水平,建立儿童医学参考区间.方法 选择652例0~14岁肝、肾、心、肺功能均正常的儿童为研究对象,其中男童360名,女童292名,分别按年龄段0~1岁、2~3岁、4 ~14岁分3组.用免疫透射比浊法原理在Abbott Aeroset型全自动生化分析仪检测Fn,测定结果用美国临床实验室标准化协会(CLSI) C28-A2进行统计处理.结果 按年龄段,健康男童Fn区间分别为:131.9~270.8 μg/mL、132.9 ~ 284.8μg/mL、132.5~270.3 μg/mL(P >0.05),0~ 14岁健康男童参考区间为132.8~ 272.21μg/mL;女童为142.6~306.4μg/mL、135.6 ~ 284.2μg/mL、136.0 ~ 264.0μg/mL(P>0.05),0~ 14岁健康女童参考区间为137.5 ~ 285.4μg/mL.结论 实验室有必要根据CLSI C28-A2文件的规定建立自己的参考值范围,供不同临床科室参考.%Objective To investigate the value of fibronectin ( Fn) among healthy children in Shaoxing region, and establish the medical reference range for children. Methods A total of 652 children (360 boys and 290 girls) aged 0-14 years old,whose liver,kidney,heart and lung functions were normal,were enrolled. The children were classified into 3 groups; 0-1 year old,2-3 years old and 4-14 years old. Fn was detected by immuno-turbidimetry using Abbott Aeroset automatic biochemical analyzer. The detection results were processed according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute ( CLSI) C28-A2 document. Results The Fn reference ranges in healthy children according to age classification were 131. 9-270. 8 μg/mL, 132. 9-284. 8 μg/mL and 132. 5-270. 3 μg/mL for boys and 142. 6-306.4 μg/mL, 135. 6-284. 2 μg/mL and 136.0-264. 0 μg/mL for girls( P > 0. 05). The Fn reference ranges for boys and girls aged 0-14 years old were 132. 8-272. 2 μg/mL and 137. 5 ~ 285. 4 μg/mL, respectively. Conclusions Laboratory should establish its own reference range for Fn according to CLSI C28-A2 document, in

  8. Analysis of epidemiological characteristics and incidence reason of 8 months to 14 years old children measles in Ji'nan City%济南市8月龄~14岁儿童麻疹流行特征及发病原因分析

    赵小冬; 徐胜平; 李传彬

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解济南市2013年8月龄~14岁人群麻疹流行特征及发病原因,探讨控制策略。方法:收集2013年8月龄~14岁人群麻疹发病资料,进行流行病学分析。结果:2013年济南市8月龄~14岁人群麻疹病例70例,占全部病例的22.73%。病例主要集中在8~11月龄,占该年龄组病例的70.00%。发病主要原因是医院内感染和未及时接种麻疹疫苗,95.72%的麻疹病例在发病前7~21 d有医院就诊史,88.57%病例未接种麻疹疫苗。未及时接种麻疹疫苗的主要原因是未满8月龄生病,占未接种疫苗原因的83.87%。结论:儿童家长尽量不带儿童到大医院就诊、加强医院内感染的控制、提高麻疹疫苗接种及时率是控制该年龄组麻疹发病的主要措施。%Objective:To understand the epidemiological characteristics and incidence reason of 8 months to 14 years old children measles of Ji'nan City in 2013,to explore the control strategy.Methods:The incidence data of 8 months to 14 years old children measles were selected with descriptive epidemiological analysis.Results:In 2013,70 cases of 8 months to 14 years old children measles in Ji'nan City were accountted for 22.73%of all cases.The cases were mainly concentrated in 8~11 months old,and they were accountted for 70.00% of this age group cases.The main reason for the disease were nosocomial infections and failed to timely vaccination of measles vaccine.95.72% of the measles cases had hospital medical history before the onset of 7~21 days.88.57% cases had no measles vaccination.The main reasons for not timely vaccination of measles vaccine was not full 8 months old sick,and they were accountted for 83.87% of without vaccination reasons.Conclusion:Parents of children try not to bring children to the hospital together,strengthening the nosocomial infection control,improving the timeliness rate of measles vaccine vaccination are the major measures to control the prevalence of

  9. Innovation in Teaching Deaf Students Physics and Astronomy in Bulgaria

    Zamfirov, Milen; Saeva, Svetoslava; Popov, Tsviatko

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a new strategy to be implemented in Bulgarian schools in teaching physics and astronomy to students with impaired hearing at grades 7 (13-year-old students) and 8 (14-year-old students). The strategy provides effective education for students with hearing disabilities in mainstream schools as well as for those attending…

  10. Investigate the reasonableand healthy eating habit for children by investigating the development and health condition of children under 14 years old%调查儿童生长发育和健康状况探讨儿童合理健康的饮食生活习惯

    谢桂芳; 李佩玲; 姜艳; 钟诗婷; 李艳萍

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate development and health condition of children under 14 years old, in order to explore reasonable and healthy eating habits for children .Methods We supplied free medical examination for children under 14 years in Shilong , input examination results into an Excellspreadsheet database and datas were analyzed using descriptive method .Using the grey system theory to predict the develop trend of children cacotrophy.Results The medical examination results indicated that micronutrient deficiencies (82%), malnutrition ( 37%) , urological problems ( 44%) were existed in children under 14 years old in Shilong . Conclusions Extensive health education and lectures on children and appropriate norms and healthy eating habits based on their own problems were the best ways to promote growing development and health condition for children.%目的:了解我镇14岁以下独生子女的生长发育和健康状况,探讨儿童合理健康的饮食生活习惯。方法对石龙镇14岁以下的儿童进行免费的体检,对检查结果建立Excel表格数据库并进行描述性研究,并用灰色系统理论对儿童营养不良的发病趋势进行预测。结果石龙镇14岁以下独生子女的微量元素缺乏(82%)、营养不良(37%)、泌尿外科问题(44%)较严重。结论广泛开展儿童健康教育和知识讲座、针对儿童自身问题制定相应的饮食规范和健康生活习惯是提高儿童生长发育和健康水平的主要方法。

  11. Student Views on Classroom Representative Meetings in the Preparatory Program of a Turkish University

    Duygu Özbilen

    2015-01-01

    The present study intends to focus on the concept of “student voice” in higher education. Since democracy necessitates freedom and contribution, it cannot be underestimated that democracy can be maintained by the involvement of students in administration. The research conducted aims to shed a light onto the university students’ perception of “student voice” in university administration. Within this framework, classroom representatives of preparatory school elementary level students of a found...

  12. Is the Quality of Life of Turkish Smoker Students Different from Those Non-Smokers?

    Unalan, Demet; Somunoglu, Sinem; Dikmetas, Elif; Elmali, Ferhan

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate whether smoking affects the quality of life of the students at Medical Documentation and Secreteriat Program (MDS) of Health Services Vocational Colleges. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the questionnaire has been applied to 147 (73,5 %) students out of 200 MDS students. As data collecting…

  13. Turkish Students' and Teachers' Attitudes toward the Use of Interactive Whiteboards in EFL Classrooms

    Mathews-Aydinli, Julie; Elaziz, Fatih

    2010-01-01

    This study explored the attitudes of students and teachers toward the use of interactive whiteboards (IWBs) in a foreign language teaching and learning context. The study also investigated possible factors affecting teachers' and students' attitudes toward IWB technology. Data were collected through questionnaires distributed to 458 students and…

  14. Turkish Student Teachers' Ideas about Diagrams of a Flower and a Plant Cell

    Topsakal, Unsal Umdu; Oversby, John

    2012-01-01

    In the present study, the understandings of student teachers (training for the primary phase and Master's degree students from a primary science and technology education department) about flowers and plant cells using the method of drawing in combination with interviews are explored. The data were gathered from 116 student teachers and 10 Master's…

  15. DESEMPEÑO COGNITIVO EN PRUEBAS DE LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE 6 A 14 AÑOS ESCOLARIZADOS DE LA CIUDAD DE MEDELLÍN. COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE ON TESTS OF LANGUAGE IN 6-14-YEAR-OLD SCHOOLED CHILDREN IN THE CITY OF MEDELLIN.

    María Cristina Giraldo García.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo presenta los resultado de investigación el cual busca describir el desempeño cognitivo de los escolares de 6 a 14 años en pruebas de lenguaje, este estudio se desarrolló con 92 participantes con diferentes estratos socioeconómicos se aplicaron pruebas de Lenguaje: Test de asociación controlada de palabras, Test de vocabulario de Boston, Token test, encontramos que las habilidades y desempeño en pruebas de lenguaje no difieren entre sexo y lateralidad, existen diferencias evidenciables en grupos de edades, con influencia del nivel educacional. Abstract This paper presents results of research which aimed to describe the cognitive performance on tests of language in 6-14-year-old. In this study, the researchers chose a sample population of 92 participants coming from different socioeconomic strata. That is why tests of language, tests of controlled association, Boston Naming Test, and Token Test were applied.

  16. Study on dietary patterns and its effect on infant health among left-behind children aged 1-4 years old with both parents working out in rural Anhui%农村1~4岁双亲外出留守婴幼儿饮食模式及与其健康状况的关系

    苏普玉; 胡传来; 李李; 张昱堃; 庞培; 程实; 郑海峰

    2012-01-01

    目的 分析农村婴幼儿的喂养模式,探讨农村双亲外出留守婴幼儿喂养模式与其健康状况的关系.方法 从安徽省2个县、12个行政村,选取双亲外出留守婴幼儿和双亲均未外出婴幼儿各212名,使用自编婴幼儿喂养模式问卷进行喂养模式调查,对问卷项目进行筛选,对问卷信度、效度进行评价;对研究对象进行体格发育测量与评价,外周血血红蛋白、锌元素测量,尿碘检测,婴幼儿神经精神发育检查.结果 农村婴幼儿喂养模式可分为传统型、动物蛋白型、营养型、饮料型4种类型.双亲外出留守婴幼儿在营养型、动物蛋白型2个维度的高因子得分所占比例少于对照组(P <0.05).农村双亲外出留守婴幼儿营养不良检出率(4.7%)、营养性贫血检出率(19.8%)、锌缺乏率(46.2%)、碘缺乏率(21.7%)均高于对照组(0.9%,8.5%,34.4%和12.7%)(P<0.05).智力低下和边缘智力的检出率(3.8%,20.8%)高于对照组(1.9%,10.4%)(P<0.05).双亲外出留守婴幼儿传统型饮食模式维度低分组营养不良检出率相对较高,而高分组肥胖检出率相对较高(x2=18.725,P=0.002);动物蛋白型和营养型2个维度均表现为得分较低组营养性贫血和锌元素缺乏检出率高于得分较高组,得分较低组智力低下和边缘智力的检出率相对较高,差异均有显著性(P<0.05).结论 农村留守婴幼儿喂养模式与非留守儿童存在一定差异.婴幼儿营养状况与传统型饮食摄入频率有关,营养性疾病、智能发育与动物蛋白型和营养型饮食频率摄入有关.%Objective To investigate dietary patterns of left-behind children aged 1-4 years old with both parents working out in rural Anhui, and to examine the relationship between dietary patterns and infant health. Methods In total, 424 left-behind children aged 1-4 years old were selected from 12 villages in 2 counties of Anhui province, 212 were both parents working out and 212 were both parents not working out. Infant dietary patterns were evaluated by a self-developed questionnaire, the reliability and validity were also assessed. Physical development, peripheral blood hemoglobin, traces elements of zinc, urinary iodine, infant neuropsychological development were evaluated. Results Infant dietary patterns in rural areas could be divided into 4 types, traditional type, animal protein-based type, nutrition-based type and beverage-based type. The prevalence of high score of nutrition type and animal protein-based type of infant dietary patterns in left-behind children were significant lower than those in control group. The prevalence of malnutrition, nutritional anemia, zinc deficiency, iodine deficiency in left-behind children with both parents working out were higher than those of control group (4. 7% , 19. 8% , 46. 2% , 21.1% vs 0. 9% , 8.5% , 34.4% and 12.7%) (P<0. 05). The prevalence of mental retardation and mental edge were significant higher in left-behind children than those of control group (3. 8% , 20. 8 vs 1. 9% , 10.4% ). Among left-behind children aged 1-4 years old with both parents working out in rural area, the prevalence of malnutrition was higher in infant with low score of traditional type dietary, the prevalence of obesity was higher in infant with high score of traditional type dietary (χ2 = 18.725,P =0. 002). The prevalence of nutritional anemia, zinc deficiency, mental retardation and mental edge were higher in infant with low scores of animal protein-based type and nutrition-based type dietary (P <0.05). Conclusion The feeding patterns of left-behind children aged 1-4 years old with both parents working out in rural were different to those with both parents not working out. Infant nutrition status was significantly associated with the intake frequency of traditional food. The prevalence of infant nutritional diseases and mental development were significantly associated with the intake frequency of animal protein-based food and nutrition-based food.

  17. Quantity versus Quality in Turkish Higher Education.

    Arslan, Hasan

    This paper asserts that there have not been adequate studies about the comparative quality of Turkish universities to provide information and data for prospective students, advisors, university administrators, and policymakers. Turkey has more than 70 state and private universities. Most of these are relatively new, although Turkish higher…

  18. Attitudes of Turkish Medical and Law Students towards the Organ Donation

    Sağiroğlu, M.; Günay, O.; Balci, E.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Attitudes of medical and law personnel towards organ donation are very important. Objective: To compare the attitudes of the medical and law students towards organ donation. Methods: 498 students in the 1st and 4th grades of the medical and law faculties of Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey, in 2011–12 academic year, were included in this study. A questionnaire consisting of 31 questions on socio-demographic characteristics of the students and their attitudes towards organ donat...

  19. Turkish delight

    This article focuses on the opening up of the Turkish energy markets to international investment in an effort to join the European Union. The implementation of the EU's Directive on internal electricity markets, the benefits gained by globalisation, the growth in the Turkish electricity market, the control of power supply and distribution, generating capacity, the infrastructure needed to satisfy demand, moves towards privatisation, and joint venture with local companies are discussed. Estimates of Turkey's power demand, its strategic location, and foreign companies interested in the power market are considered. (uk)

  20. Motivational Factors Contributing to Turkish High School Students' Achievement in Gases and Chemical Reactions

    Kadioglu, Cansel; Uzuntiryaki, Esen

    2008-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the contribution of motivational factors to 10th grade students' achievement in gases and chemical reactions in chemistry. Three hundred fifty nine 10th grade students participated in the study. The Gases and Chemical Reactions Achievement Test and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire were…

  1. The Role of Gender, Attachment Dimensions, and Family Environment on Loneliness among Turkish University Students

    Demirli, Aylin; Demir, Ayhan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the predictive value of gender, attachment dimensions and family environment in explaining loneliness among students. The study included 473 students (281 females, 192 males) from Ankara University. The UCLA Loneliness Scale, Family Environment Assessment Scale and Experiences in Close…

  2. Assisting a Struggling Turkish Student with a Repeated Reading Fluency Intervention

    Yildirim, Kasim; Ritz, Elizabeth; Akyol, Hayati; Rasinski, Timothy

    2015-01-01

    One of the most important aims of teaching reading is to help students acquire fluent reading skills. With this aim in mind, this study attempted to support a student with difficulty to become a fluent reader by improving his reading skills using a fluency instruction method called repeated reading. This study was performed with an elementary…

  3. Turkish EFL Student Teachers' Perceptions on the Role of Electronic Portfolios in Their Professional Development

    Kocoglu, Zeynep

    2008-01-01

    There has been vast evidence to support the potential of electronic portfolios (e-portfolio) as tools for enhancing reflective thinking and professional development of student teachers. However, no study has been carried out to specifically determine English as a Foreign Language (EFL) student teachers' perceptions on the role of e-portfolios in…

  4. Turkish High School Students' Ideas about Invertebrates: General Characteristics and Classification

    Cinici, Ayhan

    2013-01-01

    Identifying alternative conceptions is a vital part of teaching and learning in science because it provides information about students' ideas to both themselves and their teachers. In this context, the purpose of the current study is twofold. The first aim is to examine high school students' alternative conceptions about general…

  5. Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students

    Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

    2013-01-01

    It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

  6. Relation between Cyberbullying and Problem Solving: A Study on Turkish University Students

    Gokler, Riza

    2013-01-01

    In this study, cyberbullying living frequency, what the cyber environments in which cyberbullying is lived are, and the relation between "being victim of cyberbullying" and "being cyberbullying" status and problem solving skill of university students are analysed. This research is done by attendance of 460 students from five…

  7. The Relationship between Reading Fluency and Reading Comprehension in Fifth-Grade Turkish Students

    Yildiz, Mustafa; Yildirim, Kasim; Ates, Seyit; Rasinski, Timothy; Fitzgerald, Shawn; Zimmerman, Belinda

    2014-01-01

    This research study focused on the relationships among the various components of reading fluency components (word recognition accuracy, automaticity, and prosody), as well as their relationships with reading comprehension among fifth-grade students in Turkey. A total of 119 fifth-grade elementary school students participated in the study. The…

  8. Accounting Education Approach in the Context of New Turkish Commercial Code and Turkish Accounting Standards

    Cevdet Kızıl; Ayşe Tansel Çetin; Ahmed Bulunmaz

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this article is to investigate the impact of new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards on accounting education. This study takes advantage of the survey method for gathering information and running the research analysis. For this purpose, questionnaire forms are distributed to university students personally and via the internet.This paper includes significant research questions such as “Are accounting academicians informed and knowledgeable on new Turkish commerc...

  9. Accounting Education Approach in the Context of New Turkish Commercial Code and Turkish Accounting Standards

    Cevdet Kızıl

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to investigate the impact of new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards on accounting education. This study takes advantage of the survey method for gathering information and running the research analysis. For this purpose, questionnaire forms are distributed to university students personally and via the internet.This paper includes significant research questions such as “Are accounting academicians informed and knowledgeable on new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards?”, “Do accounting academicians integrate new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards to their lectures?”, “How does modern accounting education methodology and technology coincides with the teaching of new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards?”, “Do universities offer mandatory and elective courses which cover the new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards?” and “If such courses are offered, what are their names, percentage in the curriculum and degree of coverage?”Research contributes to the literature in several ways. Firstly, new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards are current significant topics for the accounting profession. Furthermore, the accounting education provides a basis for the implementations in public and private sector. Besides, one of the intentions of new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards is to foster transparency. That is definitely a critical concept also in terms of mergers, acquisitions and investments. Stakeholders of today’s business world such as investors, shareholders, entrepreneurs, auditors and government are in need of more standardized global accounting principles Thus, revision and redesigning of accounting educations plays an important role. Emphasized points also clearly prove the necessity and functionality of this research.

  10. Determination of knowledge of Turkish midwifery students about human papilloma virus infection and its vaccines.

    Genc, Rabia Ekti; Sarican, Emine Serap; Turgay, Ayse San; Icke, Sibel; Sari, Dilek; Saydam, Birsen Karaca

    2013-01-01

    Human papilloma virus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted agents and its infection is the most established cause of cervical cancer. Midwives play a key position in the implementation of cervical cancer. This descriptive study aimed to determine the level of knowledge concerning HPV and HPV vaccination among 268 midwifery students. Data were collected between November 15 and 30, 2011, through a self-reported questionnaire. The mean age of participants was 20.75 ± 1.60. Among all students, 44.4% had heard of HPV, while 40.4% had heard of HPV vaccinatiob. The relationship between the midwifery student knowledge on HPV and HPV vaccine and their current educational year was significant (p=0.001). In conclusion midwifery students have moderate level of knowledge about HPV and its vaccine and relevant information should be included in their teaching curriculum. PMID:24377604

  11. Self-esteem and communication skills as predictors of psychological resilience for Turkish vocational school students

    Tagay, Özlem; Sibel Karakelle

    2014-01-01

    This study analyzes whether or not communication skills and self-esteem of vocational school students can predict their psychological resilience. The data of the study were collected from a total of 295 vocational school students including 147 female and 148 male in Burdur and Isparta. The study benefited from the Ego Resiliency Scale developed by Block and Kremen (1996) and adapted by Karaırmak (2007), the Communication Skills Evaluation Scale developed by Korkut (1996), and the Rosenberg Se...

  12. To what extent do Turkish high school students know about their body organs and organ systems?

    Solmaz Aydın

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine high school students' familiarity with body organs and knowledge about the systems to which organs belong. It also identifies their misconceptions and deficiencies and discusses their causes. The sample of the study consisted of 244 secondary students. The study used the descriptive survey method. The findings show that the heart, lungs, kidneys and stomach are the best known organs by the students, and that they most often identified organs in the circulatory, respiratory, urinary and digestive systems rather than other systems. In addition, there are no considerable differences between the ninth, tenth, eleventh grade classes and the twelfth grade students’ knowledge and misconceptions about organs and organ systems. The most basic misconceptions identified in this study is that a majority of the students who identified the small intestine, liver, pancreas, anus and intestine thought that these organs were parts of the excretory system. In Turkey's educational system, students are taught the urinary system as the excretory system. This leads students to think that these organs are not elements of the digestive system, but those of the excretory system, which is used to defecate the excretions. For this reason, this study will also discuss this situation.

  13. KAP Survey of Turkish University Students on Sexuality, reproductive Health, Drug Addiction and Violence

    H(y)zel Selda; Sanli Cihat; Albayrak Meryem; Fidan Serdar; Agar Ayca

    2006-01-01

    Objective To investigate the attitudes, behaviours and reflections of the university students, on sexuality, reproductive health, violence, smoking, alcohol and drug use,and to find out their expectations from a youth health service.Methods A total of 5 300 students (1 880 girls, 3 420 boys)from various faculties of K(y)r(y)kkale University were enrolled into this cross-sectional study. Students completed the self-administered questionnaire as one of the researchers was present at the classroom. Research monitors five categories of priority health-risk behaviours among youth and young adults.Results Mean age of 3 420 male (64.5%) and 1 880female (35.5%) students were 20.3years. Among all 4 380 (82.9%)students [1 350 girls (71.8%), 3 030 boys (88.5%)]had some kinds of information about sexuality, however this dropped to 2 730 students(51.5%) within the context of adequacy. Friends were the major source (34%)for the first information on sexuality. Using a condom was the mostly heard method of contraception (46.9%) and interestingly 1.1% of the students had no knowledge on any of the protection methods. Among all 25.3% of the students (33.0% boys, 11.4%girls) had some kind of sexual intercourse, and within this group 58.8% experienced his/her first sexual relationship at 18 years of age and over; 53.9% were protected in all intercourses. Using a condom was the main way of protection for boys (63.7%)and pills were for the girls (73.9%). None of the female students mentioned having an abortion but 8% had friends who had undergone abortion. Tobacco use was 35.1%among the group, and 8.7% of the male and 3.6% of the female students were using drugs. Although 67. 4% students claimed they never witnessed violence between their parents, 43.2% witnessed violence among their siblings, 67.0% beween friends,72.6% in the streets and 64.2% in the school. About 30.0% of the students reported having weight problems, and 14.7% admitted visiting a doctor for that problem. If there

  14. The effects of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on clothing selection and habits among Turkish University students.

    Ercan, Emine; İpci, Melis; İnci, Sevim Berrin; Ercan, Elif; Ercan, Eyüp Sabri

    2015-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that influence the shopping attitudes of college students with and without ADHD. This study also examined the effects of ADHD on the academic and social lives of college students. The sample consisted of 219 university students. These students were interviewed by a psychiatrist with regard to ADHD symptoms according to the DSM-IV. The Adult ADHD Self Report Scale (ASRS), the Teen Interpersonal Influence Scale, and a demographic information form were used as measurement devices. The ADHD and control groups were classified in three different ways: (1) met the ADHD criteria for both Clinical Diagnosis and the ASRS; (2) met only the criteria for Clinical Diagnosis; or (3) met only the criteria of the ASRS. Our research shows that individuals with ADHD experience more problems with money management and are more affected by the media, friends, and brands compared with individuals without ADHD. Smoking and alcohol use disorders, accidents, being held back, and disciplinary actions often accompany ADHD in college students. To the best of our knowledge, the shopping attitudes of young adults with ADHD and the influence of the media, peers, family, and brands have not been studied until now. PMID:25544506

  15. Student Views on Classroom Representative Meetings in the Preparatory Program of a Turkish University

    Duygu Özbilen

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study intends to focus on the concept of “student voice” in higher education. Since democracy necessitates freedom and contribution, it cannot be underestimated that democracy can be maintained by the involvement of students in administration. The research conducted aims to shed a light onto the university students’ perception of “student voice” in university administration. Within this framework, classroom representatives of preparatory school elementary level students of a foundation university in Istanbul were analyzed. The data of the study were collected by focus group interviews and analyzed by content analysis using the qualitative analysis software Nvivo 10. According to the results, the classroom representatives consider themselves important and assume that their ideas are being valued. However, there are still some concerns about the future decisions of the administration in that some of their ideas might not be taken into account. They assume that the class representative meetings should be held more frequently to enable a more democratic university environment. The results of this study will be the basis for a larger scale study that includes the perception of more classroom representatives from different levels. In further studies the leadership style of the administrators will also be studied to find out the rationale behind the students’ attitudes towards the concept of student participation at the administration level.

  16. Analysis of Related Factors of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder among Children between 7 and 14 Years Old in Shenzhen%深圳市7~14岁儿童注意缺陷多动障碍影响因素分析

    高美好; 文飞球; 周克英; 张佳楠; 杨春何; 张蔚; 陈言钊; 张小园

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the related factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) aged 7 to 14 years old in Shenzhen. Provide the basis for early intervention and treatment. Methods Stratified random sample survey method,34 Shenzhen primary schools children were in the study. Conners Teacher Rating Scale (TRS) and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders. 4* ed were used,exclude serious physical disease,neurological diseases and other mental illnesses,general information on related factors of ADHD was provided by parent's questionnaire. SPSS 13. 0 software was used to analyze all data. Results The average prevalence was 5.40% (442/ 8 193)in the children aged 7 to 14 years old,the children aged 7 to 9 years old with the highest prevalence. The prevalence of a downward trend with increasing age. Gender,perinatal asphyxia,picky eating,handedness,television exposure,the relationship among classmates were the related factors. Conclusions The prevalence rate of ADHD in Shenzhen is similar to those in other cities at home and abroad. The interaction factors maybe play an important role in (he development of ADHD. Parents,teachers and doctors should work together and pay more attention to the early intervention and treatment.%目的 探讨深圳市7~ 14岁学龄儿童注意缺陷多动障碍(ADHD)的患病情况及影响因素,为早期干预与治疗提供依据.方法 采用Conners教师评定量表(TRS)对深圳市7~14岁在校学龄儿童进行分层随机抽样调查,对经TRS初步筛查为阳性的儿童进行小儿神经专科门诊随访,排除严重躯体疾病、神经系统疾病和其他精神疾病,根据美国精神病学会的精神障碍诊断和统计手册第4版诊断ADHD,统计分析家长填写的ADHD影响因素调查表,完成ADHD影响因素调查.采用SPSS 13.0软件进行统计学分析.结果 深圳市7 ~14岁儿童ADHD总患病率为5.40% (442/8 193),其中男性高于女性,7~9岁年龄组儿童患病率

  17. Analysis of the growth and development of 4 167 only-child aged 6 ~ 14 years old in Bao'an district, Shenzhen city.%深圳市宝安区4167名6~14岁独生子女生长发育状况分析

    冯承芸; 魏新燕; 牛丽

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To study the growth and development status of only-child aged 6-14 years old,and to provide scientific advice and direction for the health care of children and adolescents. [Method] 4 167 only-child aged 6 -14 years old in Bao'an district were got medical examination about their height, weight,ENT,internal medicine,surgery,blood-test, B ultrasonic of abdomen,etc. [Results] 1)The tendency of growth and development of only-child corresponded with the average development regularity,the height and weight increased with age,two cross phenomena were observed in the development curve of height;2)The level of the growth and development was above the whole national average of 2005,while the nutritional status was far from ideal, the rate of obesity was 18. 43% ;3)The rate of poor sight,dental caries were high a-mong the common diseases,the detection rate of kidney stone with B-ultrasonography was 4.6%. It's worthy mentioned. [Conclusion] The growth and development status of only-child is better than before,but the imbalance is very serious,and some new health problems appeare.%[目的]了解独生子女生长发育状况,为儿少卫生保健工作提供科学依据及建议.[方法]2011年到本院体检的6~14岁户籍独生子女4 167名,检测身高、体重、五官、内科、外科、微量元素、生化检测、肝胆脾肾B超等指标.[结果]1)生长发育符合一般规律,身高、体重等指标随年龄增长而上升,身高曲线呈现两次交叉;2)生长发育水平高于全国2005年平均水平,但营养状况不理想,肥胖率18.43%,营养不良率5.26%;3)常见病以视力低下、龋齿等检出率较高,值得一提的是肾脏B超结石检出率4.6%.[结论]随着人民生活水平的改善,独生子女生长发育状况有所提高,但发育的不均衡性仍严重,同时出现了新的健康问题.

  18. The relationship between humour styles and shyness: an investigation of Turkish university students

    Atılgan Erozkan

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between humour styles and shyness. The sample consisted of 640 (330female; 310 male university students. Humour styles and shyness levels of these students were measured by the use of theHumour Styles Questionnaire, and Shyness Scale respectively. To analyze the data, regression analysis and correlation analysiswere employed. A significant effect of humour styles on shyness was detected. All humour styles (affiliative, self-enhancing,aggressive, and self-defeating were found to be significantly correlated to shyness.

  19. The Effect of Leadership Practices on Organizational Learning and Student Outcomes in Turkish High Schools

    Korkmaz, Mehmet

    2006-01-01

    This study attempts to find out if internal school variables and the nature of organizational learning have an effect on student outcome variables. In other words, on which level the leadership styles applied in the schools and if internal school variables have an effect on the nature of organizational learning. For this reason, a five-item Likert type scale was administered to 257 teachers and 322 students in different classes of 21 general high schools in the centre of the province of Ankar...

  20. Magnetic Resonance Imaging Brain Size/IQ Relations in Turkish University Students.

    Tan, Uner; Tan, Meliha; Polat, Pinar; Ceylan, Yasar; Suma, Selami; Okur, Adnan

    1999-01-01

    Studied the relation of intelligence quotient (IQ) to brain size on 103 right-handed and left-handed male and female college students in Turkey. Measured cerebral areas and found an overall correlation between brain area and IQ. Discusses some sex differences. (SLD)

  1. Psychometric Properties of the Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire with Turkish Adolescents: A Generalizability Study

    Renshaw, Tyler L.; Arslan, Gökmen

    2016-01-01

    The present study reports on the first investigation of the generalizability of the psychometric properties of the Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (SSWQ) beyond the original development and replication studies. Previous studies tested an English version of the SSWQ with urban, mostly Black/African American, low socioeconomic status,…

  2. Factors Predicting Turkish and Korean Students' Science and Mathematics Achievement in TIMSS 2011

    Topçu, Mustafa Sami; Erbilgin, Evrim; Arikan, Serkan

    2016-01-01

    This study makes an important contribution to an expanding body of international comparative studies by exploring factors predicting differences in science and mathematics achievement by students in Turkey and the Republic of Korea on the 2011 TIMSS assessment. While these countries are similar with regards to population size, cultural beliefs…

  3. Current Piano Education of Turkish Music Teacher Candidates: Comparisons of Instructors and Students Perceptions

    Jelen, Birsen

    2015-01-01

    In recent years almost every newly opened government funded university in Turkey has established a music department where future music teachers are educated and piano is compulsory for every single music teacher candidate in Turkey. The aim of this research is to compare piano teaching instructors' and their students' perceptions about the current…

  4. Sender’s Self-Monitoring Traits: Conducive Factors Affecting Interpersonal Communication among Turkish University Students

    Sütcü, Cem Sefa; Algül, And; Uralman, N Hanzade

    2015-01-01

    Self-monitoring researches show that high self-monitoring individuals have not only ability to selfdisclosure but also have ability to facilitate others’ disclosure. The aim of this paper is to define this conducive factors understanding which communication skills of university students in Turkey facilitate others’ disclosure and create dialogic communication. In this study, 24 questions have been directed at participants, in order to make a determination in relation to the conducive skills o...

  5. Self-esteem and communication skills as predictors of psychological resilience for Turkish vocational school students

    Özlem TAGAY

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes whether or not communication skills and self-esteem of vocational school students can predict their psychological resilience. The data of the study were collected from a total of 295 vocational school students including 147 female and 148 male in Burdur and Isparta. The study benefited from the Ego Resiliency Scale developed by Block and Kremen (1996 and adapted by Karaırmak (2007, the Communication Skills Evaluation Scale developed by Korkut (1996, and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale developed by Morris Rosenberg (1965. The study made use of the standard multiple regression analysis in order to prove the power of the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem to predict psychological levels of resilience of vocational school students. The data were tested on a 0.05 level of significance. This study shows that the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem positively co- relates with the personal strengths of pulling oneself together. The positive self-assessment predicts self- esteem positively and significantly as well. A positive sense of an individual’s about oneself positively co- relates with high self-esteem.

  6. Examining the predictive role of self-compassion on flourishing in Turkish university students

    Akın Ahmet

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine the predictive role of self-compassion on flourishing Participants were 278 university students (153 women, 125 men. In this study, the Self-compassion Scale and the Flourishing Scale were used. The relationships between self-compassion and flourishing were examined using correlation and regression analysis. In correlation analysis, self-kindness, common humanity, and mindfulness factors of self-compassion were found positively and self-judgment, isolation, and over-identification factors of self-compassion were found negatively related to flourishing. According to regression results, flourishing was predicted negatively by self-judgment, isolation, and over-identification. Further self-kindness and mindfulness predicted flourishing in a positive way. Self-compassion has explained 47% of the variance in flourishing. Results were discussed in the light of related literature.

  7. The Relationship of Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms with Menstrual Attitude and Sleep Quality in Turkish Nursing Student

    Özlem Aşcı

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Symptoms induced by premenstrual syndrome (PMS adversely affect the women in reproduction period and decrease their quality of life. In literature, it is a common opinion thought that PMS could be associated with both sleep quality and menstrual attitudes. However, there has been no sufficient number of studies to define in what ways the PMS symptoms are correlated with sleep quality and menstrual attitudes. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship of PMS symptoms with menstrual attitude and sleep quality. Methods: The data were collected from 183 nursing students at Health School of Artvin Çoruh University by using a correlational design. Voluntary students completed a questionnaire involving socio-demographic characteristics, Premenstrual Syndrome Scale (PMSS, Menstrual Attitude Questionnaire (MAQ, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI. Results: Average age was 19.9 (1.8. The study determined a positively significant correlation between score of PMSS and mean scores of PSQI (r=0.306; P<0.001, and a negatively significant correlation between score of PMSS and total mean score of MAQ (r=-0.317; P<0.01. Similarly, multiple linear regression analysis showed that PSQI total score (​b=5.412; P<0.001 and MAQ total score (​ b=-27.455; P=0.001 significantly affected total score of PMSS.Conclusion: The intensity of PMS symptoms is associated with poor sleep quality and negative menstrual attitudes. Determining the methods of coping with PMS and strengthening the young girls on this subject may enhance their quality of future life.

  8. Classroom Management Problems and Coping Strategies of Turkish Student EFL Teachers

    Ali Merç

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Classroom management (CM is one of the most cited problems of pre-service teachers. This study aims to have a closer look at the issue within a qualitative research design by eliciting problems, coping strategies, and the sources of those coping strategies related to CM during teaching practicum. The participants of the study were 12 student EFL teachers (eight female and four male completing their teaching practicum at Anadolu University, Faculty of Education, English Language Teacher Training Program. The participants were asked to keep diaries related to their CM problems throughout the 12-week teaching practicum. Semi-structured interviews conducted with each teacher candidate and field notes taken by the researchers were also used as the research data. The analyses of the data indicated that student teachers’ CM problems were mainly because of the pupils in the classroom. Student teachers themselves, teaching point and materials, and the cooperating teachers were also the sources of the CM problems. Various coping strategies were also elicited to deal with the problems mentioned. The methodology lessons they took, their cooperating teachers, and their previous teachers were cited by the student teachers as the sources of the coping strategies they employed. The findings are discussed along with the current literature on CM, and certain implications and suggestions are provided for a better teaching practice.Keywords: Classroom management, pre-service teachers, EFL teacher education, foreign language teaching İngilizce Öğretmen Adaylarının Sınıf Yönetimi ile İlgili Karşılaştıkları Sorunlar ve Bu Sorunlarla Başa Çıkma Yöntemleri Öz Sınıf yönetimi öğretmen adaylarının öğretmenlik deneyimleri boyunca en sık karşılaştığı sorunlardan biridir. Bu çalışma nitel bir araştırma ile bu sorunları, çözüm yollarını ve bu çözüm yollarının kaynaklarını belirlemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Ara

  9. Students' Perceptions of Vocabulary Knowledge and Learning in a Middle School Science Classroom

    Brown, Patrick L.; Concannon, James P.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated eighth-grade science students' (13-14-year-olds) perceptions of their vocabulary knowledge, learning, and content achievement. Data sources included pre- and posttest of students' perceptions of vocabulary knowledge, students' perceptions of vocabulary and reading strategies surveys, and a content achievement test.…

  10. Türkçe Öğretmeni Adaylarına Göre Yazma Becerisinin Edinimi ve Gelişiminde Etkili Olan Unsurlar/The Factors Effective In the Acquisition and Development of Writing Skills According To Turkish Students Teachers

    Ali GÖÇER

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to assess the views of Turkish student teachers on elements related to the acquisition and development of writing skills that are effective. In this study, interviewing method within the framework of qualitative research was used. The research was carried out working group consisting of 125 Turkish student teachers in Faculty of Education Erciyes University. The working group established through the First and second education students taking the course Comprehe...

  11. 乌鲁木齐市0~14岁儿童支气管哮喘流行病学调查分析及危险因素分析%Epidemiological survey analysis of asthma children in Urumqi aged 0-14 years old and case-control study of its risk factors

    马香萍; 乔丽潘; 多力坤; 郎振普

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore risk factors for asthma children in Urumqi aged 0-14 years old through the epidemiological survey data.Methods By cluster sampling method,totally 11 939 children were investigated.There were 148 cases of asthma,by using case-control study,the risk factors for asthma were analyzed.Results The total asthma morbidity rate of childhood asthma (aged 0-14 years old) in Urumqi(1.24%,148/11 939 cases) was significantly lower than that of national city incidence (3.02%) based on the third-time national survey;the prevalence rate was obviously rising compared with the region in 2000 (0.61%) and 1990 (0.40%).The prevalence of asthma in male and female children was 1.72% (104/6 047 cases) and 0.75% (44/5 892 cases),respectively (x2 =23.081,P <0.001).Preschool children had the highest prevalence of asthma (1.33%,36/2 705 cases),which was slightly higher than that of school-age children (1.29%,86/6 690 cases) and that of the infants (1.02%,26/2 544 cases).The prevalence in Han children (1.36%,121/8 895 cases) was higher than that of the minority children (0.89%,27/3 044 cases)(x2 =4.150,P < 0.05).The uni-variate Logistic regression analysis showed that there were 16 significant factors that related to asthma;bv multivariate Logistic regression analysis,the family history of allergies,allergic rhinitis,food allergy history,use of antibiotics and passive smoking were all risk factors associated with childhood asthma.Conclusions The asthma prevalence is significantly different in genders,ages,Han nationality and minority.Active avoidance of risk factors for asthma in children are of great significance in the prevention and control of children asthma.%目的 通过流行病学调查数据了解乌鲁木齐市0~ 14岁儿童支气管哮喘(简称哮喘)的患病率,并探讨其危险因素.方法 采用整群抽样的方法,实查11 939例儿童,诊断哮喘148例,应用病例对照研究的方法分析乌鲁木齐市儿

  12. Factors Effecting E-Learning Preference: An Analysis On Turkish University Students From Government and Private Institutions

    Emine Sevinç Çağlar; Tülay Turgut

    2014-01-01

    Informationand communications technology has become an important tool in education. The use of online e-learning by members of educational communities isincreasing, and this seems to bean accelerating tendency that will go on for the coming years. So it isimportant to identify and address students’ preferences or their anxieties ine-learning, to offer beneficial programs. Although Turkish educational system,especially in universities, is also taking action parallel to this globaltrend, there ...

  13. Adaptation of Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale to Turkish

    Ali Haydar Şar

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is adaptation of the “Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale ” which was developed by Bianchi ve Phillips (2005 to Turkish. In order to adapt the scale, firstly scale items were translated to Turkish by the researcher. Then translation form was further developed by consulting ten specialists. English and Turkish forms of scale were both filled by 30 undergraduate students with two-week intervals respectively. Two forms were accepted as equal since the correlation between them was 0.78. Turkish version of the scale was implemented on 300 students for validity and reliability studies. In Turkish version of the scale alpha valid value was calculated as 0.94, and reliable value vas calculated 0.88. Therefore, it can be concluded that Turkish version of the scale was reliable and valid.

  14. Adaptation of problem mobile phone use scale to Turkish

    Ali Haydar Sar

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is adaptation of the “Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale ” which was developed by Bianchi ve Phillips (2005 to Turkish. In order to adapt the scale, firstly scale items were translated to Turkish by the researcher. Then translation form was further developed by consulting ten specialists. English and Turkish forms of scale were both filled by 30 undergraduate students with two-week intervals respectively. Two forms were accepted as equal since the correlation between them was 0.78. Turkish version of the scale was implemented on 300 students for validity and reliability studies. In Turkish version of the scale alpha valid value was calculated as 0.94, and reliable value vas calculated 0.88. Therefore, it can be concluded that Turkish version of the scale was reliable and valid.

  15. Identifying Accurate Equivalents between Turkish and Arabic for Foreign Language Teaching

    Kadizade, Esma Dumanli

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to make a list of accurate equivalents between Turkish and Arabic in order to help Arabic-speaking students learn Turkish as a second language, and offer teachers a guide to categorize and teach these lists. Equivalence between the different dialects of Turkish has been studied intensively by linguists. However, a review…

  16. Study on the relationship between children's feeding and development deviation among left behind children aged 1-4 years old with both parents working out%农村1~4岁留守儿童喂养状况与发育偏离的关系研究

    庞培; 苏普玉; 胡传来; 张昱堃; 程实; 郑海峰; 郝加虎

    2012-01-01

    目的 调查农村1~4岁双亲均外出的留守儿童监护人的喂养知识、态度、行为评分与儿童发育偏离的关系.方法 在安徽省2个县、12个行政村,各选取212名双亲均外出的留守儿童和双亲均未外出儿童,使用自编喂养知识、态度、行为问卷对儿童监护人进行调查,对研究对象进行体格发育测量与评价,对其外周血血红蛋白、锌元素进行测量,检测尿碘,检查神经精神发育情况.结果 在儿童健康的理解、部分重要食品(如奶及其制品)对儿童健康的重要性、以及烹饪方法 对食物营养成份影响方面的知识,对儿童膳食结构、健康状况和进食行为方面的态度,为儿童提供多种食物、经常查找喂养孩子知识方面的行为,农村留守儿童监护人的正确率均低于对照组(均P<0.05).留守儿童营养不良检出率(4.7%)、营养性贫血检出率(19.8%)、锌缺乏率(46.2%)、碘缺乏率(21.7%)均高于对照组(0.9%、8.5%、34.4%、12.7%),差异均有统计学意义(χ2值分别为5.489、11.182、6.125、5.974,均P<0.05).留守儿童智力低下和边缘智力的检出率(3.8%、20.8%)高于对照组(1.9%、10.4%),差异有统计学意义(χ2=13.476,P<0.05).农村留守儿童监护人喂养知识、态度、行为得分为"低分组"的儿童,其营养不良和营养性贫血检出率较高(χ2值分别为12.211,6.921,均P<0.05).结论 农村儿童监护人喂养知识、态度、行为与儿童营养状况关系密切,我国农村儿童监护人的喂养知识、态度、行为存在较多问题,祖父辈监护人更为缺乏.%To investigate the relationship between scores on rural children guardians' feeding knowledge, attitude and practices and children development deviation among left-behind children aged 1 -4 years old with both parents working out. Methods A total of 424 children aged 1-4 years old were selected from 12 villages in 2 counties of Anhui province, half of them with both parents working out and half of them without. Their guardians feeding knowledge, attitude and practices were evaluated with self-designed questionnaires, and the physical development of the children was measured and evaluated. The peripheral blood hemoglobin, trace element of zinc, urinary iodine, and children neuropsychological development were evaluated. Results The rates of correct understanding of some children feeding knowledge, such as knowledge of children health, importance of some important foods ( milk and milk products ), effects of cooking methods on food nutrition, of left-behind children' s guardians were lower than those of control group ( all P <0.05 ). The rates of correct attitude on food structure, health status and eating habit and of correct practices on providing various foods and looking for knowledge about children feeding of left-behind children' s guardians were also lower ( all P <0. 05 ). The prevalence of malnutrition, nutritional anemia, zinc deficiency and iodine deficiency in left-behind children were higher than those of control group ( 4. 7% vs 0. 9% , 19. 8% vs 8. 5% , 46. 2% vs 34.4% and 21. 7% vs 12.7% , respectively ), and the differences were statistically significant (x2 value was 5.489, 11. 182, 6. 125 and 5. 974, respectively, all P <0. 05 ). The prevalence of mental retardation and edge intelligence in left-behind children were higher than those of control group ( 3. 8% vs 1. 9% , 20. 8% vs 10. 4% , respectively ), and the differences had statistical significance (x2 =13.476, P<0.05 ). The prevalence of malnutrition and nutritional anemia was higher in left-behind children with low scores on guardians' feeding knowledge, attitude and practices (x2 value was 12. 211 and 6. 921, respectively, both P <0. 05 ). Conclusion Rural children s nutritional status is closely associated with their guardians knowledge, attitude and practices. There are more problems in feeding knowledge, attitude and practices of rural children guardians' , especially in grandparents.

  17. 3D Visualization Types in Multimedia Applications for Science Learning: A Case Study for 8th Grade Students in Greece

    Korakakis, G.; Pavlatou, E. A.; Palyvos, J. A.; Spyrellis, N.

    2009-01-01

    This research aims to determine whether the use of specific types of visualization (3D illustration, 3D animation, and interactive 3D animation) combined with narration and text, contributes to the learning process of 13- and 14- years-old students in science courses. The study was carried out with 212 8th grade students in Greece. This…

  18. Perspectives of Turkish Intern and Non-Intern Students towards Sport Management Internship within the Context of Field Experience

    Coknaz, Dilsad

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine differences between intern and non-intern students in terms of their perspectives on sport management internship within the context of field experience. The subjects of the study were a total of 189 students. They were 4th year students who completed their internship and 3rd year students who were yet to…

  19. THE PROBLEMS IN WRITTEN EXPRESSIONS OF TURKISH LANGUAGE LEARNING STUDENTS AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE: (YILDIZ TOMER SAMPLE) - TÜRKÇEYİ YABANCI DİL OLARAK ÖĞRENEN ÖĞRENCİLERİN YAZILI ANLATIMLARINDA KARŞILAŞILAN SORUNLAR (YILDIZ TÖMER ÖRNEKLEMİ)

    Aytan, Talat; GÜNEY, Nail

    2015-01-01

    Language teaching aims to improve comprehension and narrating skills. While oral narration skills are mostly needed in daily life, writing becomes prominent in academic and cultural activities. In this study, the problems in written expressions of 16 students who are studying Turkish as a second language at Yıldız Technical University Turkish Teaching Centre A1 level and will start their bachelor, master and doctorate degrees. The data of the study is obtained from the texts written by the st...

  20. A Comparing of Body Composition Components in Physically Active and Inactive Male Students of Sharoud University of Technology

    Mehdi Broghani; mohamadreza hamedinea; mohamadreza asad; mehdi zarae

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of this study is to investigate the body mass indexes and physical activities of 11-14 year -old adolescent boys in Khooshab.Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 300 male students aging 11-14 years old in Khooshab (2009). Subjects were selected via random sampling. Underweight, overweight and obesity were defined based on the 5th, 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index (BMI) for age and sex, respectively, as proposed by CDC, 2000. Physical activity ...

  1. Effects of a Physical Education-Based Programme on Health-Related Physical Fitness and Its Maintenance in High School Students: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

    Mayorga-Vega, Daniel; Montoro-Escaño, Jorge; Merino-Marban, Rafael; Viciana, Jesús

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a physical education-based development and maintenance programme on objective and perceived health-related physical fitness in high school students. A sample of 111 students aged 12-14 years old from six classes were cluster-randomly assigned to an experimental group (n = 54) or a control…

  2. Social Interaction Rules in Cooperative Learning Groups for Students at Risk for ADHD

    Kuester, Deitra A.; Zentall, Sydney S.

    2012-01-01

    This study assessed the effects of providing social participation rules on the performance and social behavior of a school-based sample of 10-14-year-old students at risk for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (n = 34) who worked cooperatively in same-gender triads with typical peers (n = 92). The design was primarily a 2 (population group)…

  3. PERCEPTIONS OF STUDENTS AND TEACHERS ABOUT THE LANGUAGE SKILLS IN THE CONTEXT OF TEACHING TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE - YABANCI DİL OLARAK TÜRKÇE ÖĞRETİMİNDE DİL BECERİLERİNE YÖNELİK ÖĞRENCİ VE ÖĞRETMEN GÖRÜŞLERİ

    Ümit YILDIZ

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the needed language skills of the students/graduates through the perceptions of current students/graduates and current/former instructors that were the shareholders of the process of teaching Turkish as a foreing language. The study also aimed to find out the most actualized language skills in the teaching environments. In the study, within the context of teaching Turkish to foreigners, needed language skills of the students were investigated. The study was conducted with 12 students/graduates who study/studied at Vilnius University Centre of Oriental Studies Turkish Studies Program and Faculty of Philology Lithuanian Language and Philology Foreign Language (Turkish Program in 2013-2014; 2014-2015 academic years. The other participants of the study were 3 instructors who teach/taught Turkish as a foreign language at the same university. The data collection instruments that were used in the study were document analysis for course contents, program descriptions, interviews with the current teachers/former teachers, and focus group interview with the students/graduates. The results of the study revealed that the most needed language skills by the students, as perceived by the participants, were speaking and reading. The study also revealed that according to the department they study at, students’ language skills needs differ.

  4. An Investigation into the Representation of Geological Maps by 15-16 Year-Old Turkish Students

    Dal, Burckin

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores secondary school students' representations of a geological map. Ninety-two high school students (ninth graders--15- to 16-years-old) participated in the survey in Turkey. The findings indicate that students have only a vague idea of how a geological map is constructed, and how the map is affected by the topography. The…

  5. Predicting Student Satisfaction with an Emphasis on Campus Recreational Sports and Cultural Facilities in a Turkish University

    Çelik, Ali Kemal; Akyol, Kübra

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper was to determine the predictors of student satisfaction focusing on campus recreational sports and cultural facilities. The present study utilized data from a written-questionnaire administered to one thousand adult undergraduate students. The dependent variable used in predicting student satisfaction was…

  6. The Environmental Attitudes of Turkish Senior High School Students in the Context of Postmaterialism and the New Environmental Paradigm

    Taskin, Ozgur

    2009-01-01

    The present study explores the environmental attitudes (EA) of senior high school students in Turkey, explains which determinant factors affect these EAs, and concludes with some suggestions for curricular reform. This study includes over nine hundred students from different school types, neighbourhoods, geographical regions, and socioeconomic…

  7. The Effects of Conflict Resolution Education on Conflict Resolution Skills, Social Competence, and Aggression in Turkish Elementary School Students

    Akgun, Serap; Araz, Arzu

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to implement "we can resolve our conflicts" training program to elementary school students and to assess the effectiveness of this school-based conflict resolution training program, designed to enhance students' conflict resolution skills and social competence and consequently decrease aggression. Three…

  8. The Effects of the Cooperative Learning Method Supported by Multiple Intelligence Theory on Turkish Elementary Students' Mathematics Achievement

    Isik, Dilek; Tarim, Kamuran

    2009-01-01

    In the present experimental study, the effects of the cooperative learning method supported by multiple intelligence theory (CLMI) on elementary school fourth grade students' academic achievement and retention towards the mathematics course were investigated. The participants of the study were 150 students who were divided into two experimental…

  9. A longitudinal study of perceptions of self-concept and professional self-concept in Turkish nursing students

    Ayişe Karadağ

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine the relationship between self-concept and professional self-concept amongst nursing students undertaking a four year degree. A descriptive longitudinal study was applied amongst all nursing students undertaking a four year degree starting in the academic year 2006-2007. The sample consists of total 78 students. The data collection was via two Likert scale type questionnaires about the self description of students and their descriptions of the professional qualities of nurses which were issued a week apart. The first questionnaire consisted of a self-report form of 40 adjectives and students were asked to rate the suitability of each adjective for describing their personality. The second questionnaire employed the same adjectives as the first questionnaire. Students were asked to rate how necessary it was for professional nurses to possess these qualities. SPSS was used to analyse the data via percentages and Cohen’s Kappa method. The data for first year students showed 77.6% were happy to have chosen nursing but significant nearly a quarter were not. 85.9% thought they had similar characteristics to those required by nursing but there was a significant minority of almost one sixth who felt they did not have the required characteristics. The congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept was highest in the fourth year followed by the first year with the second year being the lowest. Congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept across all four years was evident from our study. Some implications of these findings for nursing education and practice are considered. A realistic approach to what is involved in both the study and practice of nursing can increase the self and professional self-concept congruence. It is important for nursing educators to effectively manage student expectations as a better alignment of these with actual situations helps students cope with the demands

  10. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN L2 (ENGLISH) and L3 (GERMAN) ACHIEVEMENTS BY THE STUDENTS (L1 TURKISH) IN NINTH GRADE

    Orhan HANBAY

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate if there is a positive and significant relationship between academic achievements in English (L2) and German (L3) by the students. The study group consisted of 134 nine-year students (66 female and 68 male) from four different high schools in the province of Adiyaman, Turkey. During data collection, the test scores (the first examinations of the first semester) of the students in English- and German lessons from 2011-12 school year were used. The c...

  11. Türkçe Dersinde “Tablet Pc Pilot Uygulaması”Yla Öğretim Gören Öğrencilerin Tutumlarını Belirlemeye Yönelik Ölçek Çalışması
    A Scale Study that Determines the Attitudes of the Students Who Study by "Pilot Application Of Tablet Pc” in Turkish Lesson

    Süleyman BALCI

    2013-01-01

    In this study, it has been aimed to develop a valid and reliableattitude scale to determine first grade Primary school students'attitudes towards the use of tablet book in Turkish Language Teachingcourse . The scale was created by scanning field method on the basisof the expert opinions 20 items as a 5-point Likert-type which isdetermining the attitudes of the students towards the use of technologyproduct ( tablet pc ) in Turkish lesson take place in the draft scale. Thedraft scale applied on...

  12. Validity and Reliability Study of the University Level Turkish Language Course Attitude Scale

    Arslan, Akif

    2012-01-01

    This study aims to develop a scale to measure attitudes of university students for Turkish Language course. The data have been collected from total 331 university students taking Turkish Language course. As a result of the studies, Item Total point correlations of all items were found to be p

  13. Test anxiety, coping strategies, and perceived health in a group of high school students: a Turkish sample.

    Aysan, F; Thompson, D; Hamarat, E

    2001-12-01

    A group of high school juniors and a group of high school seniors in Izmir, Turkey completed measures of test anxiety, coping skills, and perceived health status both before and after a major exam period. Students with high test anxiety used less effective coping mechanisms and tended to have poorer perceptions of their health. Prior to the exams, juniors displayed higher test anxiety and used less effective coping mechanisms than seniors. After the exam periods, improvements were seen for both age groups on perceived health, but scores of younger students remained significantly higher than scores of seniors on one of the key measures of test anxiety. Results of the study lend support to those of previous studies done in other cultural contexts, and findings have implications for the development of interventions designed to help students cope with stress. PMID:11831350

  14. An International Perspective on Active Citizenship among Lower Secondary Students. Concepts and Measures Developed for the IEA Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS)

    Schulz, Wolfram

    2007-01-01

    The new IEA "International Civic and Citizenship Education Study" (ICCS) will investigate the extent to which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens across a range of countries. ICCS will survey 13-to-14-year old students in over 30 countries in the year 2009. The ICCS outcome data will be obtained from representative…

  15. The Effectiveness of Psycho-Educational School-Based Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Training Program on Turkish Elementary Students

    Cecen-Erogul, Ayse Rezan; Kaf Hasirci, Ozlem

    2013-01-01

    In Turkey, there is neither systematic nor structured child sexual abuse prevention programs for school-aged children in school settings. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a school-based child sexual abuse prevention program on elementary school (4th grade) students. Quasi-experimental design with pretest,…

  16. The Effects of Conflict Resolution and Peer Mediation Training on Turkish Elementary School Students' Conflict Resolution Strategies

    Turnuklu, Abbas; Kacmaz, Tarkan; Gurler, Selma; Turk, Fulya; Kalender, Alper; Zengin, Feza; Sevkin, Burcak

    2010-01-01

    The effectiveness of conflict resolution and peer mediation (CRPM) training among 10- and 11-year-old elementary school students was examined. The CRPM training program consisted of skills, such as understanding the nature of interpersonal conflicts, communication, anger management, negotiation and peer mediation. The research was carried out…

  17. Influence of V-Diagrams on 10th Grade Turkish Students' Achievement in the Subject of Mechanical Waves

    Tekes, Hanife; Gonen, Selahattin

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine how the use of V-diagrams one of the learning techniques used in laboratory studies in experiments conducted regarding the 10th grade lesson unit of "waves" influenced students' achievements. In the study, a quasi-experimental design with a pretest and posttest control group was used. The study was…

  18. A Cross-Cultural Study of ICT Competency, Attitude and Satisfaction of Turkish, Polish and Czech University Students

    Dincer, Serkan; Sahinkayasi, Yunis

    2011-01-01

    Due to various factors, countries begin to have different levels of information and communication technologies (ICT) and they have their own unique culture of ICT usage. This case appears interesting especially when we consider university students' proficiency, attitudes and satisfaction in use of ICT. The purpose of this study is to examine the…

  19. The Most Important Concept of Transport and Circulatory Systems: Turkish Biology Student Teachers' Cognitive Structure

    Kurt, Hakan; Ekici, Gulay; Aksu, Ozlem; Aktas, Murat

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine biology student teachers' cognitive structure with regard to "Blood". Qualitative research method has been used. The free word association test and the draw-write technique have been used in collection of data. The data obtained have been evaluated and divided into categories based on…

  20. Examination of Turkish Students' Opinions Related to Values in the Example of Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Turkey

    Tasdemir, Adem

    2012-01-01

    Reflecting effective and psychomotor skills to teaching environment are as important as cognitive skills in learning process. In this context, values are important to develop skills in affective domain. In this study, the opinions of the students who have been studying in three different countries (Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Turkey) were aimed to be…

  1. Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study

    Yilmaz, Harun

    2011-01-01

    This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students were…

  2. Evaluation of learning and teaching process in Turkish courses

    Coşkun, Eyyup; Alkan, Murat

    2010-01-01

    A radical educational reform occurred in Turkey in 2005; and curriculum of primary education courses was renewed. New curriculum was prepared based on constructivist approach. In this scope, curriculum of Turkish course was also renewed. This study aimsat evaluating applications and opinions of teachers and students about learning and teaching process prescribed in Turkish Course (1st-5th Grades) Curriculum. Within the scope of the study, semi-structured interview was made with 10 teachers an...

  3. Knowledge of the effects of sun exposure of Turkish high school students and their sun bathing habits.

    Dalli, Dilek; Ogce, Filiz; Okcin, Figen Albayrak

    2004-01-01

    Cancer, long a serious problem in developed countries, is now becoming a serious health concern throughout the world. There has been an alarming increase in the number of new cases of melanoma each year, this cancer increasing at a faster rate than any other neoplasm in some regions. This may be a result of depletion of the ozone layer. An association between non-melanocytic skin cancer and exposure to the sun appears to have first been suggested in 1894; it was not until about 1952 that it was argued that exposure to the sun also causes melanoma. It is commonly believed that skin cancers develop only after long-term exposure to UVR. At the individual level, people who live in sunnier climates comparatively have a higher risk for skin cancer than do people who live in colder climates. This is particularly the case for migrant populations with a fair skin. The present study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge of the young generation in Turkey related to the side effects of sun exposure, and their sun bathing habits. Sun sensitivity, use of sunscreens, sunbathing habits and protective behaviours were determined for a total of 1244 high school students from the answers to a questionnaire completed by them. Data from 627 (50.4 %) females and 617 (49.6 %) males were evaluated. All were aged between 15 and 18 years. Sunscreen use was found to be higher in female students (59 %) than in their male counterparts (45.8 %). The wearing of sunglasses was reported by 36.7 %, whereas the incidence of hat wear was found to be 55.1% overall. The results of this study indicate that, although most high school students are aware of the side effects of sun exposure, they do not pay sufficient attention to protective behaviour. A further study should now be conducted to evaluate the use of sunscreens in a large group. PMID:15546238

  4. Evaluation of the Turkish text types in Turkish course books in primary schools

    Emine Kolaç

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The skill of and responsibility for using the mother language accurately starts in the first grade of the primary school. In this context, the textbooks of the Turkish language courses have important duties to fulfill. The texts in the coursebooks, thus, function as the means to demonstrate the students the richness, delicacy, and beauty of the mother tongue in order to provide an awareness and endearment of the language. Distinguished samples of the Turkish and world literature are operative in raising the students’ awareness of the rules of Turkish, as well as tranforming this awareness into behavior, and later into habits. As a result, it is important for the school textbooks to contain texts which are compatible with the objectives of the curriculum and which have high literary value. Are the texts which are keys for achieving the fundamental skills and program objectives stated in the curricula of the Turkish language courses in the primary schools (in grades 1-8 by the Turkish Ministry of Educationand which are mentioned in the coursebooks -distributed to the schools by the ministry- actually adequate for meeting these expectations? In order to evaluate the current situation and improve the quality of Turkish language teaching, the texts need to be analyzed, problems need to be identified and stated, and solutions need to be sought through careful examination and research.The present study reports on a descriptive analysis of the Turkish language textbooks (for grades 1-5; 6-8 distributed to the schools by the National Ministry of Education in 2007. The genre and the quality of the texts have been investigated. Data have been obtained through document analysis which is one of the qualitative research methods. A total of 237 (144+93 texts have been studied individually with respect to text type and their distribution. Findings have been reported in frequency tables in addition to samples from the texts, and a discussion of the findings

  5. Prevalência e associação de asma e rinite em adolescentes de 13 e 14 anos de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil Asthma and rhinitis prevalence and co-morbidity in 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil

    Maria de Fátima Gomes de Luna

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar a prevalência e associação de asma e rinite. Trata-se de estudo transversal envolvendo 3.015 adolescentes de 13-14 anos de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil, de escolas públicas e privadas, utilizando-se o protocolo do International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC, em 2006/2007. A prevalência de asma foi 22,6%; de rinite, 43,2% e de rinoconjuntivite, 18,7%, predominando no sexo feminino (p = 0,002, p This study aimed to measure the prevalence rates for asthma and rhinitis and the association between the two conditions. This was a cross-sectional study of 3,015 adolescents (13-14 years of age in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil, in public and private schools, using the protocol from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC, in 2006-2007. Prevalence rates were 22.6% for asthma, 43.2% for rhinitis, and 18.7% for rhinoconjunctivitis, with a predominance of females (p = 0.002, p < 0.001, and p < 0/001, respectively and private school students (p < 0.001. Among adolescents that reported asthma, the rhinitis rate was 64.4% and the rhinoconjunctivitis rate was 35.3%. The rates of association were 14.6% between asthma and rhinitis and 8% between asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis, with a predominance of females (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively and associated with speech-limiting wheezing (p = 0.037 and p = 0.004, respectively. The study can help call health professionals' attention to the importance of an integrated approach to these illnesses, considering the "single airway" concept and seeking treatment options that act on both asthma and rhinitis when the two conditions present simultaneously.

  6. Evaluating environmental tobacco smoke exposure in a group of Turkish primary school students and developing intervention methods for prevention

    Davutoglu Mehmet

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In countries like Turkey where smoking is highly prevalent, children's exposure to tobacco smoke is an important public health problem. The goals of this study were to determine the self-reported environmental tobacco smoke exposure status of primary school students in grades 3 to 5, to verify self-reported exposure levels with data provided from a biomarker of exposure, and to develop methods for preventing school children from passive smoking. Methods The study was conducted on 347 primary school students by using a standard questionnaire and urinary cotinine tests. Children with verified ETS exposure were randomly assigned to 2 intervention groups. Two phone interviews were conducted with the parents of the first group regarding their children's passive smoking status and its possible consequences. On the other hand, a brief note concerning urinary cotinine test result was sent to parents of the second group. Nine months after the initial urinary cotinine tests, measurements were repeated in both groups. Results According to questionnaire data, 59.9% of the study group (208 of 347 were exposed to ETS. Urinary cotinine measurements of children were highly consistent with the self-reported exposure levels (P 0.05. Conclusion Self-reported ETS exposure was found to be pretty accurate in the 9–11 age group when checked with urinary cotinine tests. Only informing parents that their childrens' ETS exposure were confirmed by a laboratory test seems to be very promising in preventing children from ETS.

  7. Global Citizenship Education in Social Studies: Experiences of Turkish Teachers and Students in International Conflict and War

    Arife Figen Aksoy

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available With the impact of the media, international conflicts are increasingly becoming a part of both everyday life and global citizenship education. The purpose of this research was to understand the perceptions of students and teachers about the incidents of international conflict and war, how teachers present these issues in social studies course, and the problems teachers encounter in this process. This study was carried out as a qualitative case study research. The data were collected by participant observations carried out in Social Studies lessons and by semi-structured interviews with the participating teachers and students. The data were analyzed using interpretive thematic analysis. The findings from this study revealed that the teachers in this study acted in protective, emotional, rational and tentative modes while teaching the issues of international conflict and war. The study also found that the teachers’ behaviors while teaching controversial issues had an influence on the students’ knowledge, skills and attitudes on the subject. In addition, the students’ age and maturity level, gender, socio-economic and cultural level had an influence on learning about these issues. Finally, the findings indicated that the teachers who participated in this study did not have sufficient knowledge and experience in teaching controversial issues and international conflict and war.

  8. Student Engagement and Library Use: An Examination of Attitudes Towards Use of Libraries and Information Amongst Undergraduate Students at a Turkish University Library

    Cribb, Gulcin; Holt, İlkay

    2012-01-01

    The competitive environment in which university libraries operate and provide their services and resources is one of the biggest challenges to engage today’s undergraduate students. There is a limited amount of high quality attention and time students have, to be able to be engaged with what the library offers them. Planning and designing library awareness and information literacy programs, particularly for new students, has presented itself as an on-going challenge for librarians worldwide i...

  9. Changing Structure of Turkish Agriculture

    Mann, Charles K.

    1983-01-01

    Professor Resat Aktan, whose memory is honoured by this paper, occupied a unique place in the history of Turkish agriculture--teacher, scholar, Minister of Agriculture, and long-time Turkish delegate to the IAAE. Among his many accomplishments, he led two landmark agricultural surveys which serve to chronicle the development of modern Turkish agriculture. While Ataturk had set Turkey on the road to modernization of agriculture, the end of World War II still found Turkish wheat farming little ...

  10. USING DICTIONARY IN TEACHING TURKISH AND LEXICOGRAPHY

    Bilal ELBİR

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Turkish lessons are formed in primary education as a basis of understanding and explaning. It is necessary that student do not have any problems in understanding and explaning for expressing themselves well. Students should have a rich vocabulary to not to suffer these problems. The main source to be applied in the development of students’ vocabulary is dictionaries prepared for different purposes of usage. There are many types of dictioonaries, the main sources of the language, which are prepared according to purposes of usage. The aim of this study is to determine types of dictionaries used in Turkish teaching and how the usage of usage of a dictionary and to give information about dictionaries and lexicography.

  11. Distance Education in Turkish Higher Education

    Ömür AKDEMİR

    2011-01-01

    The term distance education is used to define education where educators and learners are physically separated. The first use of the distance education as a term goes back to 1924 in Turkey. Establishment of the Open Education Faculty of Anadolu University is the first initiative for the appearance of distance education in the Turkish Higher Education. Distance education is offered at different levels of higher education at present. Changes happening in technology and students characteristics ...

  12. APPOSITIONS IN GERMAN AND IN TURKISH

    Umut BALCI

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Turkish and German grammar books include word parts combined with secondary nouns. We call these, which exemplify the noun, as apposition. Turkish grammar books draw different conclusions from the term Apposition and it shows that it needs to be especially explicated. The apposition can be seen as resumption of same meaningful lexical units considered as a stylistic device providing a context-dependent credibility of expression, coherence, clarity, variation, adequacy and facility. We use many appositions consciously or unconsciously both in speaking and written language. When we compare the frequency of apposition usage with the relative clause, displaying the same function, apposition is surprisingly higher. According to statistical data, in every 100 sentences chosen from any text, there are about 30 appositions. Nevertheless, the apposition receives little attention especially in grammar teaching books, sometimes it even does not. Although it’s rare occurrence in the grammar books, we constantly encounter their syntactic, semantic and pragmatic dimensions in various types of texts. The reason why the Apposition in grammar teaching has received little discussionmight be a topic of other studies and we are not going to deal with this issue here. The purpose of this particular study is to reveal how much the Apposition is known as a grammatical category by our students and what can be done to increase the related awareness in this regard. Within the scope of this research study, the relative clauses present significance, as they are the most preferred and used ones among the Turkish learners who learn German as a foreign language. Due to their morphosyntactic structural difficulties, they are often memorized more than other forms of sentence. Moreover, they require more effort and in spoken form, they are economically impractical. However, it does not mean that theyarenotused or exaggerated in their usage because each mode of expression has

  13. Translation and Validation of the Epistemic Belief Inventory with Turkish Pre-Service Teachers

    Cam, Aylin; Topcu, Mustafa Sami; Sulun, Yusuf; Guven, Gokhan; Arabacioglu, Sertac

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to translate the original version of the Epistemic Belief Inventory developed by Schraw, Bendixen, and Dunkle (2002) for pre-service teachers in a Turkish context and validate its construct. Studies on the epistemological beliefs of Turkish students have been heretofore limited in number and have been largely…

  14. Turkish and Kurdish Speaking Teachers in the Danish Folkeskole: The Ambiguous Concept of Equality.

    Moldenhawer, Bolette

    1999-01-01

    Studied the functions of Turkish- and Kurdish-speaking teachers in the Danish "folkeskole" and their positions relative to other teachers in the system. Despite their Danish teaching qualifications, most still attend to the integration of Turkish- and Kurdish-speaking minority students and occupy a subordinate position to majority teachers. (SLD)

  15. The Impact of Dictation Practice on Turkish as a Foreign Language Learners' Writing Skills

    Büyükikiz, K. Kaan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to learn about the impact of dictation practice on B1 level Turkish as a foreign language learners' writing skills. In this study, a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design with control group was used. The study was carried out with 24 B1 level students enrolled in Gaziantep University Turkish and Foreign Languages…

  16. Perceptions of Preservice Teachers regarding the Integration of Information and Communication Technologies in Turkish Education Faculties

    Akbulut, Yavuz; Odabasi, H. Ferhan; Kuzu, Abdullah

    2011-01-01

    This study explored the views of pre-service teachers regarding the indicators of information and communication technologies (ICT) at Turkish education faculties. A cross-sectional survey design was implemented with graduating students enrolled in Turkish education faculties. A combination of stratified random sampling and systematic sampling was…

  17. Critical Thinking Dispositions of Pre-Service Turkish Language Teachers and Primary Teachers

    Maltepe, Sadet

    2016-01-01

    The present study aimed to determine critical thinking dispositions of pre-service Turkish language and primary teachers in terms of several variables by employing descriptive survey design. The study group consisted of 215 senior students attending Turkish Language Teaching and Primary Education Departments of Necatibey Faculty of Education at…

  18. Language Learning in Conflictual Contexts: A Study of Turkish Cypriot Adolescents Learning Greek in Cyprus

    Tum, Danyal Oztas; Kunt, Naciye; Kunt, Mehmet

    2016-01-01

    The Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot communities in Cyprus have been divided for the last five decades. This study investigated whether the recent introduction of Greek language studies in Turkish Cypriot secondary schools affects students' attitudes towards the language, its speakers and culture, and motivation to study the language. Findings…

  19. The Comparison of Mental Rotation Performance in Team and Individual Sports of Students

    Fatemeh Pasand; Azam Rekabi; Ali Mohammad Goodarzi; Majid Chahardahcheric

    2015-01-01

    As a practical and causal-comparative study, the present study was aimed at comparing the mental rotation performance in team and individual sports among students. The statistical population included all of the female and male athletes (N=1500) from different districts of Shiraz, Iran who participated in the sport clubs. The participants of this study included 240 students between 12-14 years old (120 girls and 120 boys) who were selected randomly from four sport fields (Volleyball, Basketbal...

  20. Medication use among children 0-14 years old: population baseline study

    Maria J.B. Cruz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of medication use in children and adolescents in 20 municipalities of Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais-Brazil, showing the main groups and variables that may have influenced use. METHODS: Descriptive population-based survey sample of 555 interviews, selected by simple random cluster sampling of 137 census tracts. Inclusion criteria were age ≤ 14 years, mandatory interview with the legal guardians, and regardless of having received medications. Regarding the usage pattern, participants were divided into two groups: consumption and non-consumption of drugs. A descriptive analysis of the variables and tests of association were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of drug consumption was 56.57%, and 42.43% showed no consumption. The use of medicinal plants was 72.9% for drug users and 74.3% for non-users. The health conditions for consumption were cough, common cold, flu, nasal congestion or bronchospasm (49.7%, fever (5.4%, headache (5.4%, diarrhea, indigestion, and abdominal colic (6.7%. In cases of self-medication, 30.57% of the drugs were given by the mother, and 69.42% were prescription drugs. Self-medication was prevalent using paracetamol (30.2%, dipyrone (20.8%, and cold medicine (18.8%. There was increased use of analgesics/antipyretics, followed by respiratory medications, systemic antibiotics, histamine H1 antagonists, and vitamins/antianemics. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of drugs use in children was high, indicating the need for formulating educational programs aiming at the awareness of caregivers regarding rational use.

  1. The development of clear speech strategies in 9-14 year olds

    Pettinato, M.; Hazan, V.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the development of global clear speech strategies of child talkers. Two groups of 20 talkers aged 9-10 (children) and 13-14 (teens) were recorded in pairs while they carried out spot the difference picture tasks, either hearing each other normally (NB condition) or with one talker hearing the other via a three-channel noise vocoder (VOC condition). Acoustic-phonetic analyses focused on the talker having to overcome the communication barrier. Data were compared to those...

  2. [Food preferences of 10- to 14-year-old boys and girls].

    Diehl, J M

    1999-02-01

    To assess their food preferences a list of 114 foods and 14 beverages was submitted to a sample of 696 boys and 537 girls aged 10 to 14 years. For each item subjects had to rare by means of a five-point facial scale how much they liked or disliked it. Items with highest preference ratings were foods like pizza, ice cream, spaghetti, French fries, hamburgers, pudding, corn flakes, potato chips and popcorn, but also included the most common types of fruit. Disliked to a high degree were liver, canned or steamed fish, raw sauerkraut and red cabbage. In food groups derived by factor analysis, fast food, candy and salty snacks (along with fruit) showed highest mean liking, while vegetables (particularly cooked) ranked at the bottom of the scale. In boys significantly stronger preferences were found for food groups such as fast food, meats, cold cuts and fish, whereas girls had a (slightly) higher preference for fruit, vegetables and cheese. Neither children's age nor relative weight were related to their food preferences to a significant degree. Similarly, groups defined by father's educational level did not show important differences in their food preferences. PMID:10081073

  3. Quality of Life in Under-14-Year-Old Children After Adenotonsillectomy

    Fathollah Behnoud

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy is one of the most frequent surgical procedures especially in children. Several indications and contraindications have been suggested for this procedure. The benefits and the negative results of this operation have been studied by different researchers; nevertheless, to date, it is still a common procedure. The main purpose of this study is to obtain extensive information on the outcomes of adenotonsillectomy, according to the patient's physical, emotional and behavioral changes and also on the overall changes in his/her quality of life (QOL. Materials and Methods: All the children, aged 1-14, referred to the Besat Hospital clinics (Hamadan, Iran between March 2008 and March 2009 were included in this study. Overall, 86 children with documented indications underwent adenotonsillectomy, and were followed up for one year.  Two modified standard questionnaires for QOL were completed before and one year after the tonsillectomy. Upon the completion of this two-year study, statistical analyses were performed, and the demographic data of the study groups were compared with those of a same-age group. Results: Changes were observed in five main complaints as follow: Acute Recurrent tonsillitis was present in 86 patients preoperatively, but in only three cases postoperatively (pharyngitis. Confirmed chronic sinusitis was present in 24 patients preoperatively, but only in three cases during the year after the surgery. Oral breathing was seen in 82 patients preoperatively, but only in one patient during the year after the surgery. Nocturnal snoring was seen in 83 children preoperatively, but in 25 cases during the year after the surgery. Halitosis was present in 71 patients, while and halitosis was seen in 27 during the year after the surgery. Conclusion: Overall, the majority of the parameters studied showed significant differences after surgery.

  4. Relationship between sleep duration and dietary intake in 4- to 14-year-old Danish children

    Hoppe, Camilla; Rothausen, Berit Worm; Biltoft-Jensen, Anja Pia;

    2013-01-01

    A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the prese...

  5. Dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in 4–14-year-old Danish children

    Rothausen, Berit Worm; Matthiessen, Jeppe; Andersen, L. F.;

    2013-01-01

    high agreement for the ‘processed’ pattern had a significantly higher dietary energy density, which was reflected in significantly higher intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables, compared with children with high agreement for the ‘health conscious’ pattern (P < 0...

  6. An Assessment of Oral Hygiene in 7-14-Year-Old Children undergoing Orthodontic Treatment

    Krupińska-Nanys, Magdalena; Zarzecka, Joanna

    2015-01-01

    Backround: The study is focused on increased risk of dental plaque accumulation among the children undergoing orthodontic treatment in consideration of individual hygiene and dietary habits. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted among 91 children aged 7-14 including 47 girls and 44 boys. The main objectives of the study were: API index, plaque pH, DMF index, proper hygiene and dietary habits. Statistical analysis was provided in Microsoft Office Exel spreadsheet and STATISTICA statis...

  7. In utero exposure to coumarins and cognition at 8 to 14 years old

    van Driel, Dieneke; Wesseling, Judit; Sauer, Pieter J J; van der Veer, Eveline; Touwen, Bert C L; Smrkovsky, Mila

    2001-01-01

    Objective. To assess the cognitive abilities in school-aged children who have been exposed to coumarins in utero. Background. Coumarin derivatives are an effective option for anticoagulant therapy in pregnant women. However, case reports describe anomalies of the fetal central nervous system after i

  8. RUPTURED MALIGNANT GERM CELL OVARIAN TUMOR IN A 14 YEAR OLD GIRL: A CASE REPORT

    Sunita Sudhir; Sunita,; Vrunda; Komal

    2014-01-01

    Immature teratoma accounts for 10 – 20% of all ovarian neoplasms in women less than 20 years of age with peak incidence between 15 – 19 years and they account for 30% of deaths arising from ovarian cancer in this age group.(1) Immature teratomas are rarely found to be bilateral,(2) Immature teratomas are malignant in nature and the most common sites of dessemination are peritoneum, retroperitoneal lymph nodes, hematogenous spread to Lung liver and brain is unusual.(3) We report a case of an i...

  9. Turkish Primary School Teachers' Opinions about Problem Posing

    Kilic, Cigdem

    2013-01-01

    Problem posing is one of the most important topics in a mathematics education. Through problem posing, students gain mathematical abilities and concepts and teachers can evaluate their students and arrange adequate learning environments. The aim of the present study is to investigate Turkish primary school teachers' opinions about problem…

  10. Tackling with Refugee Children's Problems in Turkish Schools

    Dogutas, Aysun

    2016-01-01

    The main aim of this study is to produce a solution to improve the refugee and asylum seeker students' adaptation to the Turkish schools and classrooms by using action research approach which is often preferred for solving the problems encountered by the educators. The sample of the study consists of selected students at a primary school in…

  11. Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?

    Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

    2013-01-01

    Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being…

  12. When School and Family Convey Different Cultural Messages: The Experience of Turkish Minority Group Members in France

    Cristina Aelenei

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The present studies aim to compare the cultural values promoted by the French educational system and the Turkish families living in France to their youngsters. Because of their collectivist background Turkish immigrants may convey less individualistic values to their children compared to French parents and teachers. However, Turkish students may become more individualistic as they are socialized in the school system. In study 1 (N = 119, French school teachers, French parents, and Turkish-origin parents had to resolve six dilemmas by choosing either an individualistic or a collectivistic response-option. As expected, French teachers emphasized individualism more than Turkish parents, but not more than French parents. In Study 2 (N = 159, similar dilemmas were presented to French and Turkish-origin pupils. In elementary school, Turkish children were less individualistic than French-born children, but this gap was reduced in high school.

  13. The Turkish power elite

    Ali Arslan

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyse, the general power structure of Turkish society, and specifically the Turkish power elite. Also, the relationships within and between the elite groups, and the distribution of power will be examined. This paper will also try to understand and explain the distribution of power in Turkish society: How far is power (effective power diffused in society or how far it is centralised and concentrated in the hands of elite groups?    In accordance with the pluralists views one could argue that, power has been diffused and fragmented among many people or elite groups which together participate in the decision-making process in contemporary Turkish society. Nevertheless, decisive and effective power (parallel with the main thesis of the elitist view has been concentrated and centralised in the hands of the small number of elite groups which are the most powerful in the national power structure. They are predominant over other groups and these dominant groups know what others do not know and can do what others cannot do.

  14. Determinants of Turkish Inflation

    Cem SAATCIOGLU; Korap, Levent

    2006-01-01

    The main purpose in this paper is to investigate the determinants of inflationary process in Turkish economy. For this purpose, based on some potential causes of inflation, an empirical model is contructed upon emphasizing the roles of various factors on inflationary process. The results obtained support the view of cost-push inflation led by exchange rate depreciations, wage indexation mechanism, real interest structure and public sector pricing behaviour which is considered some part of who...

  15. Korelace mezi sportovní činností a užíváním návykových látek u 14letých žáků a žákyň základních škol ve Slovinsku Correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year-old primary school male and female pupils in Slovenia

    Jože Štihec

    2006-02-01

    é by jim umožňovaly trávit volný čas přiměřenějším a kvalitnějším způsobem. The aim of this research was to establish whether there is a correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year old pupils. This research is based on a questionnaire of 38 variables and the probability relations among the variables have been tested by the chi-square. Analysis has shown that 80% of male and 85% of female pupils practice sport in their leisure time. On average, they practice sport 2 to 3 times a week. The majority of male pupils practice sport competitively (39%, while female pupils primarily practice not officially organized recreational sports (48%. As for smoking, 4% of the male and 12% of the female pupils smoke, the majority of the male pupils had their first cigarette at the age of 13, female pupils at the age of 12. Regarding alcohol use, 90% of the male and 94% of the female pupils had tried an alcohol beverage, which means a majority of pupils between ages 10 and 13. As far as drugs are concerned, 18% of the male and 26% of the female pupils tried drugs. The prevailing types of drug-taking are vapor inhaling, pills and marijuana. The majority of pupils said they had tried smoking, drinking alcohol and taking illicit drugs out of curiosity. Parents mainly encourage their children to practice sport. The majority of pupils think that sport and smoking do not go together, they are of the opinion that sport activities are those activities that could discourage drug-taking. We have ascertained that is no statistically significant correlation between sport activities and taking drugs both legal and illicit drugs. However, a statistically characteristic correlation has been ascertained with regard to drinking alcohol in the case of male pupils (beer and wine and inhaling vapors in the case of female pupils. Differences would be probably more evident at a later time – the transition from primary to secondary school. To discourage young people from

  16. Evaluation of the Turkish text types in Turkish course books in primary schools

    Emine Kolaç

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The skill of and responsibility for using the mother language accurately starts in the first grade of the primary school.  In this context, the textbooks of the Turkish language courses have important duties to fulfill.  The texts in the coursebooks, thus, function as the means to demonstrate the students the richness, delicacy, and beauty of the mother tongue in order to provide an awareness and endearment of the language.  Distinguished samples of the Turkish and world literature are operative in raising the students’ awareness of the rules of Turkish, as well as tranforming this awareness into behavior, and later into habits. As a result, it is important for the school textbooks to contain texts which are compatible with the objectives of the curriculum and which have high literary value.  Are the texts which are keys for achieving the fundamental skills and program objectives stated in the curricula of the Turkish language courses in the primary schools (in grades 1-8 by the Turkish Ministry of Educationand which are mentioned in the coursebooks -distributed to the schools by the ministry- actually adequate for meeting these expectations?  In order to evaluate the current situation and improve the quality of Turkish language teaching, the texts need to be analyzed, problems need to be identified and stated, and solutions need to be sought through careful examination and research.The present study reports on  a descriptive analysis of the Turkish language textbooks (for grades 1-5; 6-8 distributed to the schools by the National Ministry of Education in 2007.  The genre and the quality of the texts have been investigated.  Data have been obtained through document analysis which is one of the qualitative research methods. A total of 237 (144+93 texts have been studied individually with respect to text type and their distribution.  Findings have been reported in frequency tables in addition to samples from the texts, and a discussion

  17. Parenting Styles and Life Satisfaction of Turkish Adolescents

    Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya

    2012-01-01

    This study examined adolescents' perception of satisfaction from various life domains according to gender and parenting styles among 562 Turkish adolescents [53.2% girls; Mean (M) age = 14.1, Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.85]. The participants completed the multidimensional students' life satisfaction scale and the parenting style inventory. The…

  18. An Overview of Undergraduate Physiology Education in Turkish Medical Faculties

    Balkanci, Z. Dicle; Pehlivanoglu, Bilge

    2008-01-01

    Physiology education, which occupies an important place in undergraduate medical education, exhibits diversities across the world. Since there was no specific source of information about physiology education in Turkish medical faculties, the authors aimed to evaluate the general status of undergraduate physiology teaching of medical students in…

  19. An Investigation of School Violence through Turkish Children's Drawings

    Yurtal, Filiz; Artut, Kazim

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates Turkish children's perception of violence in school as represented through drawings and narratives. In all, 66 students (12 to 13 years old) from the middle socioeconomic class participated. To elicit children's perception of violence, they were asked to draw a picture of a violent incident they had heard, experienced, or…

  20. Turkish Mathematics Teachers' Experiences with Geogebra Activities: Changes in Beliefs

    Kul, Umit

    2012-01-01

    The curriculum for Turkish primary mathematics education was revised in 2005. The idea behind these reforms was to move from a subject-centred model to a student-centred model. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in teachers' mathematical beliefs following a professional development (PD) course based on the use of Geogebra. This…

  1. Adapting Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale into Turkish

    Korkmaz, Ozgen; Kaya, Sinan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine online self-regulated learning levels of students by adapting "Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale" designed by Barnard and his colleagues into Turkish. Present study, irrespective of being a scale analysis, is at the same time a qualitative research. It is executed via scan model. Study group of research…

  2. Effect of Jigsaw I Technique on Teaching Turkish Grammar

    Arslan, Akif

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to find out the effect of Jigsaw I technique on students' academic success and attitude towards the course in teaching Turkish grammar. For that purpose, three grammar topics (spelling and punctuation marks rules) were determined and an experimental study conforming to "control group preliminary-testing final…

  3. Eating Attitudes and Their Psychological Correlates among Turkish Adolescents

    Bas, Murat; Asci, F. Hulya; Karabudak, Efsun; Kiziltan, Gul

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the eating attitudes and psychological characteristics of Turkish late adolescents. Seven hundred eighty-three university students were administered the Eating Attitudes Test, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Social Physique Anxiety Scale. More than one in ten (9.2% of the males and 13.1% of the…

  4. BILINGUAL SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS VIEWS ON TURKISH COURSES - İKİ DİLLİ ORTAOKUL ÖĞRENCİLERİN TÜRKÇE DERSİNE YÖNELİK GÖRÜŞLERİ

    Nevin AKKAYA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Today the diversity in language and cultural has been seen as richness that should be protected and maintained continuously by many nations. Considering its past, and due to its geographical location, Turkey, which has hostipalized numerous nations and languages, has also recognized this richness and studies on language and especially multilinguism have gained importance. The nations which grasp the meaning of the sentence, “ Being bilingual is fate, but being multilingual is an opportunity.” Have emphasized the concept of multilingualism and this concept has gained significance in language teaching. With the principle of EU’s which is based on bringing up multicultural and multilingual individuals, language acquirement lessons except the lesson teaching the mother tongue, have been considered as a path to multiculturalism. Human beings living in different geographical regions have usually been at least bilingual. They have mutually acquired the languages within the family , their region and other societies’ languages. In 19th century, after the formation of nations with specific boundaries and the announcement of their formal “native language”, “ citizens” believed in the necessity of learning the formal language and the formal culture of the geographical location they inhabit just to conform to that particular geographical location. Related to this situation, formal language, languages of the minority, native language and subject matters like these have been a matter of concern and which language to use in education has been discussed. Individuals who speak a non-formal language before reaching school age, have had the need to acquire the formal language quickly. When we consider this matter by looking at the conditions in Turkey, it has been known through observation and also the interviews with the teachers that students whose native language is not Turkish go through and experience a number of problems. In this study, the

  5. Konuşma Becerisinin Türkçe Öğretmenleri Tarafından Kullanılabilirliğine İlişkin Türkçe Öğretmeni Adaylarının Görüşlerinin İncelenmesi
    An Investigation Of Speaking Skills Of Turkish Teachers From The Viewpoint Of The Preservice Turkish Teaching Teachers

    Onur ER; Özden DEMİR

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate fourthgrade Turkish Teaching Department Students’ (both normal andevening education) views regarding Turkish Teachers’ speaking skills.Convenient sampling method was used for qualitative data. Prospectiveteachers’ views on Turkish teachers’ using speaking skills were exploredusing a semi-structured interview form. Target population of the studyis fourth grade students enrolling Turkish Teaching department atKafkas University. In the...

  6. Identifying Trainees' Computer Self-Efficacy in Relation to Some Variables: The Case of Turkish EFL Trainees

    Inal, Sevim

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to define the self-efficacy perception of Turkish ELT students and examine the relationship between their self-efficacy and such variables as grade level, computer ownership, first time computer use, and frequency of internet and computer use. The participants are 305 Turkish ELT trainees at Dokuz Eylul University,…

  7. Examining the Underlying Values of Turkish and German Mathematics Teachers' Decision Making Processes in Group Studies

    Dede, Yuksel

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the values underlying the decision-making processes in group studies for Turkish and German mathematics teachers. This study presented a small part of a wider study investigating German and Turkish mathematics teachers' and their students' values (Values in Mathematics Teaching in Turkey and…

  8. Adaptation of Academic Self-Efficacy Scale into Turkish

    Hüseyin ÖNCÜ

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of this study is to adapt Academic Self-efficacy Scale into Turkish, determine validity and reliability of the scale developed by Morgan and Jinks (2003. Because of the correlation between the marks obtained from the English and Turkish Forms of the scale is .95, both of these forms were accepted as equivalent. Working group of the study included 380 students who were attending 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grades of four different primary schools in three counties of Ankara. Structural validity of the scale determined through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. As a result of exploratory factor analysis, it was seen that scale has three factor structure as it was original, but the third factor formed different factor. Factors were ability, context, and educational quality. Scale's reliability of Turkish form was determined as .80 with repetition and through Cronbach alfa inner reliability technique as .82.

  9. Turkish electricity reform

    Turkish electricity reform has progressed slowly due to internal resistance against privatisation, and gained momentum after Electricity Market Law of 2001, prepared in line with EU Energy Acquis and established required institutional and legal framework. Although the eligibility threshold has reached 39% market opening rate, the dominant position of public both as owner and decision-maker is still the major problem in the sector. Currently Turkey is self-sufficient in electricity, but likely to face shortages in 10 years if the growing demand is not met by either speeding the liberalisation process, or joining the South East Europe Electricity Market. (author)

  10. Teaching English Subject Pronouns And To Be Verbs in the Turkish Texts: The Turkish Method / İngilizce Şahıs Zamirleri ve Olmak (To Be) Fiillerinin Türkçe Metin İçersinde Öğretimi: Türkçe Yöntemi

    Tomakin, Ercan

    2014-01-01

    The study aimed to teach English subject pronouns (I, you, he, etc.) and to be verbs (am, is, was, been, etc.) to students using transliteration in the Turkish texts easily and implicitly. The Turkish words used were chosen from a Turkish dictionary and the possible Tukish texts were produced specially by the researchers on a systematic study. These texts were used by the English teachers in two elementary schools, and in one elementary school by the English and student teachers together. The...

  11. DETERMINATION OF FUNCTIONALITY OF TURKISH STUDENT STUDY BOOKS IN TEACHING TURKISH PRIMARY SECOND STAGE İLKÖĞRETİM İKİNCİ KADEMEDE KULLANILAN TÜRKÇE ÖĞRENCİ ÇALIŞMA KİTAPLARININ İŞLEVSELLİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ

    Ali GÖÇER

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The main mission of educational institutions to provide to the students the necessary information. More importantly, students learned skills into their knowledge to show the way. Students' learning skills into their knowledge one of effective ways: student workbooks, and native place of the events when the time is to work. The purpose of this study, second grade elementary school students in Turkish lessons in a workbook activities carried been realized to determine the status. This motion, the student workbook is to determine the status of being used as functional.In this research, qualitative research approach in the context of document analysis methods and scanning techniques used. Collection of student work books will be reviewed in Kayseri for primary schools and among the strata must be determined via sampling. A total of 54 Turkish students study books were collected in school. In each grade level as an elective to a required four themes were selected. The themes identified in the student workbooks have been investigated the level of realization of activities. According to the data obtained, activities undertaken with students more than activities that are not made at all, but in general, student workbooks are not used functionally. Eğitim kurumlarının temel görevi öğrencilere gerekli bilgileri öğretmekten öte, öğrencilerin öğrendikleri bilgileri beceriye dönüştürebilmelerinin yollarını göstermektir. Öğrencilerin öğrendikleri bilgileri beceriye dönüştürebilmelerinin etkili yollarından biri öğrenci çalışma kitaplarındaki etkinliklerin zamanında ve yerli yerince işlenmesidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, ilköğretim ikinci kademede Türkçe dersi öğrenci çalışma kitaplarındaki etkinliklerin gerçekleştirilme durumunu inceleyerek bu kitapların işlevsel olarak kullanılıp kullanılmadığını belirlemektir. Araştırmada nitel araştırma yaklaşımı çerçevesinde doküman inceleme yöntemi ve

  12. FINDING AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON READING ALOUD ERRORS TO BILINGUAL TURKISH STUDENT (ROMANIA SAMPLE - İKİ DİLLİ TÜRK ÇOCUKLARININ SESLİ OKUMA HATALARI ÜZERİNE TESPİT VE ÖNERİLER (ROMANYA ÖRNEĞİ

    Mehmet KARA

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this study is to identify reading aloud errors of the bilingual Turkish children while teaching standard Turkish to them and to show the methods and techniques that can be used to correct these reading aloud errors. Due to the contribution of reading aloud to multiple language skills, detecting of errors made during reading aloud and their eliminations will contribute greatly to the development of reading, listening, speaking and writing skills. In this study, 16 different reading aloud errors were detected. These errors were 16 different reading aloud errors under two main headings as pronunciation and posture. They were repeating words, repeating syllables, eliding syllables, eliding sounds, elision, pronunciation, crosstalk, spelling mistakes, uttering failure, adding sounds, adding syllables, adding words, uncontrolled breathing, arrest, tracking with fingers, leaning while reading. In this study, the text “Olive Cube” with 812 words was designated as an application text on the basis of students’ proficiency levels. The students were made to read aloud the text and the data was collected by video recording while the students were reading. This study is an observational, descriptive model of qualitative research built upon video recording, video decoding and observation. The data was obtained according to proficiency levels, genders and marriage types. As a result of the study, totally 4689 errors were recorded in all of the proficiency classes. In all of the classes most errors were made in repeating words. It was shown that as the students’ levels increased, their error numbers decreased. When we measured all the reading aloud errors in all the proficiency classes according to students’ genders, it was emerged that the average errors that the female students made was lower than those of male students. Female students did all errors less than male students. When we evaluated the students’ reading aloud errors

  13. Adapting Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale Into Turkish

    Ozgen KORKMAZ; KAYA, Sinan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine online self-regulated learning levels of students by adapting “Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale” designed by Barnard and his colleagues into Turkish. Present study, irrespective of being a scale analysis, is at the same time a qualitative research. It is executed via scan model. Study group of research consists of collectively 222 students. Firstly the original scale has been translated by two educational technologists who are efficient in both Tu...

  14. Snapshots of a Culture: How Do American and Turkish Elementary Students Represent Their Cultural Identities Using Technology as a Means of Expression and Communication?

    Simsek, Ali; Nuss, Shirley

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how elementary students can learn about the culture of another country and how technology can play a role in this process. The sample of the study included 135 fifth grade students from the United States and Turkey. Initial knowledge and information sources of students were assessed at the beginning of…

  15. Elderly Turkish Migrants in Denmark

    Blaakilde, Anne Leonora; Petersen, Signe Sofia Gronwald; Yazici, Suzan

    simoultaneously translated from Turkish, English and Danish by the two interviewers; a medical doctor from Turkey and an ethnologist from Denmark. Results The interviews revealed a high level of functional illiteracy, low social and economic status and little language skills except for Turkish. From their life...... that the negative health situation among this population, compared to ethnic Danes, is entailed to low socio-economic status and experiences with bad living conditions in Denmark in a life-historical perspective....

  16. Eurocentrism in Turkish History Textbooks

    Ahmet Şimşek

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the coverage of Eurocentrism in Turkish history course books. In this regard, the means by which Eurocentrism has influence in historiography is identified. Such incursion includes Eurocentrism’s influences in terms of historical time, historical space, historical phenomenon, person (character) and event, historical model, and historical narrative. Within this context, history course books employed at Turkish high schools were examined based on the above-mentioned criteria...

  17. CRITICAL LISTENING IN TURKISH EDUCATION

    KEMİKSİZ, Ömer

    2015-01-01

    Listening which is one of the basic language skills of Turkish is used most commonly in daily life according to the most studies that are done. In the community life, the success of interpersonal relation is directly related to the effective use of listening skills. These skills have been discussed in detail in the Turkish Courses 6, 7, 8 classes) Education Program which are prepared according to constructivist approach. With this arrangement it has been compulsory to include a listening text...

  18. Turkish Cuisine In Healthy Nutrition

    ERTAŞ, Yasemin; Gezmen-Karadağ, Makbule

    2013-01-01

    Turkish cuisine is one of the well-known three cuisines in the world with Chinese and French cuisine. The combination of meat and fermented products from Central Asia, cereals from Mesopotamia, vegetables and fruits from Mediterranean and spices from South Asia has created a rich food culture. With Islam, meats of some animals such as pig, donkey and frog are prohibited in Turkish cuisine. Today in Turkey, consumption of grains and grain products comes first place and consumption of vegetable...

  19. Adaptation Of Web Users Self-Efficacy Scale (Wuse) to Turkish: Validity and Rehability Study

    ALTUN, Taner; Palancı, Mehmet

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to adopt Web Users Self-Efficacy Scale (WUSE) developed by Eachus & Cassidy (2006) to Turkish and analyze its validity and reliability. A total of 706 students studying at Karadeniz Technical University (KTU), Gazi University (GU), Sakarya University (SU) and Kırıkkale University (KU) participated in the study. Validity and reliability analyses were done after completing linguistic equivalency and its appropriateness to Turkish. For the structural validity “Explorator...

  20. Postmaterialism, new environmental paradigm and ecocentric approach: A qualitative and quantitative study of environmental attitudes of Turkish senior high school students

    Taskin, Ozgur

    The present study aims to elucidate the determinant factors that affect environmental attitudes (EA) of senior high school students in Turkey and the origins of these EAs. Over nine hundred students from different school types, neighborhoods, geographical regions, social-economic backgrounds participated in the questionnaire based surveys which are called the New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) and the General Attitudes and Perceptions (GAP), and twenty of those students were interviewed as well. Survey results show that EAs of students vary depending on school type, gender, parents' education levels and professions, and household income. Normal public high school students, females, lower-middle class students, students with well educated parents in white collar professions, and student with liberal parents have more pro-environmental attitudes than the others. With regard to school type, students from public technical high school (vocational school), almost all of which are based on single-sex education, have scored the lowest on both surveys which are the NEP and the GAP. The results from the qualitative portion are as follows: Students' perceptions about the environment and related issues are limited to their local habitat. Although the mean scores of students on both surveys do not differ to a statistically significant extent depending on geographical regions, interviews show that participants from different regions have distinct priorities, which range from poverty to sea pollution. Even though students' first priority in their lives is education, education is perceived as a mechanism to achieve a more prosperous life rather than an end in itself. Almost all interview participants agree on the importance of education in shaping EAs. Interestingly, some interviewees (four out of ten males) also comment that a man's sense of his own masculinity can be threatened when confronted by another man to change his attitude towards the environment.

  1. Adaptation of Instructional Materials Motivation Survey to Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study

    Hülya Kutu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to adapt “Instructional Materials Motivation Survey [IMMS]”, developed by J. M. Keller, to Turkish and investigate validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the survey. The original version of the survey was composed of 36 items gathered under four factors (attention, relevance, confidence, satisfaction. The survey was translated into Turkish. Views of 15 faculty members who were expert in Turkish and foreign language were sought in terms of correctness of meaning in Turkish and integrity of items into culture of Turkish education system. Turkish version of the survey was administered to total of 262 university students from Education Faculties of Ataturk and Erzincan Universities. The item-total correlations were calculated, and items which had negative or low correlation with the total survey score (r<.30 were excluded from the survey. The construct validity of the survey was examined by exploratory factor analysis. Varimax rotation technique was used due to the separation into irrelevant factors. Finally the survey was constructed from 24 item gathered under two factors. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha for the whole survey was calculated as 0.83, and 0.79 and 0.69 for the two sub-factors respectively.

  2. Examining Psychological Well-Being and Self-Esteem Levels of Turkish Students in Gaining Identity against Role during Conflict Periods

    Isiklar, Abdullah

    2012-01-01

    In this research, university students' psychological well being and self-esteem levels are investigated in terms of a number of variables. The sample in this study is composed of 382 university students. To gather the data for this study, the Subjective Information Form, Psychological Well-Being Scale and Self-Esteem Scale are used. T tests and…

  3. CONTRIBUTION TO TURKISH LANGUAGE MAP: IN LEBANON TURKS AND TURKISH

    Özgür Kasım AYDEMİR

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Article, field study within the borders of Lebanon, aims to share general information on issues to be spoken Turkish. Today, as much as 30000 citizens living in Lebanon for nearly 12000 to be registered. Most of these countries are settled in 1940 after the Turks to come to work. However, the Turks settled in Lebanon after 1940, as well as the more they leave any kind of Arabic language features that reflect the geography of this work is not subject to due. In this study, the number 13200 Turkmen living in this region in the 13th century, which approximate number 9000, 19th living within the borders of Lebanon since the end of the century the Turks and their language is focused on the muhajir of Crete. Turkish Arabic code to be very little in common other than being lived copying the two ethnic groups and languages, should be evaluated in this study suggest that under separate headings. The field of our work in the year 2013 in accordance with the data obtained from the first one into the dialect characteristics of Turkish spoken in Lebanon, and the general features of the language used in the submitted article. Thus, in order to map received Turkish Language in Lebanon, based on the contribution to the field study aimed to achieve. Because the Turkish language is spoken within the borders of Lebanon, UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage are evaluated according to the criteria in the endangered languages program, "critically endangered" we have to mention that.

  4. Quantitative Developments in Turkish Higher Education since 1933

    Aslı GÜNAY

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, quantitative developments in Turkish higher education during the Republic period from 1933, when the first university was established, to date are tried to be demonstrated. In parallel with this purpose, first, establishment dates of universities, number of universities by years as well as number of universities established during the periods of each presidents of Turkish Council of Higher Education are listed. Also, spread to all provinces as of 2008, the distribution of the number of universities with regard to provinces is given. On the other hand, development of Turkish higher education by years is examined by using several quantitative indicators about higher education. Thus, number of students in higher education, total number of academic staffs as well as those with PhD, improvement in the number of students per academic staff and higher education gross enrollment rates by years are shown. Furthermore, especially for big provinces in Turkey (Ankara, İstanbul and İzmir number of universities, number of students in higher education and higher education gross enrollment rates are provided. Distribution of higher education students according to higher education institutions, higher education programs and education types in 2011 is presented as well as distribution of academic staffs according to higher education institutions and information about their academic positions. In addition, quantitative data about higher education bachelor and associate degrees (numbers of programs types, programs, quotas and placed students in 2010 is given. Finally, the position of Turkish higher education in the world with respect to the number of academic publications and the change in the number of academic publications per staff by years are analyzed.

  5. THE PROBLEMS IN WRITTEN EXPRESSIONS OF TURKISH LANGUAGE LEARNING STUDENTS AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE: (YILDIZ TOMER SAMPLE - TÜRKÇEYİ YABANCI DİL OLARAK ÖĞRENEN ÖĞRENCİLERİN YAZILI ANLATIMLARINDA KARŞILAŞILAN SORUNLAR (YILDIZ TÖMER ÖRNEKLEMİ

    Talat AYTAN

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Language teaching aims to improve comprehension and narrating skills. While oral narration skills are mostly needed in daily life, writing becomes prominent in academic and cultural activities. In this study, the problems in written expressions of 16 students who are studying Turkish as a second language at Yıldız Technical University Turkish Teaching Centre A1 level and will start their bachelor, master and doctorate degrees. The data of the study is obtained from the texts written by the students in writing course. Those texts written by guided writing method have some topics such as introducing families, patient-doctor dialogue, travel plan, giving a recipe etc. The errors that are identified in writing activities have been analyzed according to error analyzing method. Initially, the detected errors have been defined, later they have been classified and mentioned with their frequency rates. According to the results, the students speaking Arabic, Persian, Bosnian and Lala as their mother tongue make more mistakes in writing while the students speaking Shona, Hausa and Malay as their mother tongue make more stylistic errors.

  6. Factors influencing Turkish teacher candidates' elective course preferences

    Duygu Uçgun

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available By the Academic Year of 2006-2007, new curriculum has been begun to be applied in the Faculties of Education. When it is evaluated in terms of Turkish Language Teacher Training Departments, it is seen that the most attractive changes are the abolition of Side Branch application, the increase in the number of the courses which will contribute to teacher candidates’ profession and the enrichment in the content. In the curriculum are 5 elective courses beside necessary ones. The aim of this study is to determine what and how much effects the Turkish Language Teacher Candidates as they decide on the courses mentioned above. In the study, based on scanning method, of which subject is consists of 2nd, 3rd and 4th year students from Turkish Language Teacher Training Department, The Faculty of Education of Nigde University Likert-type Scale with four grades which was improved by Tezcan and Gumus (2008 has been used as data collection tool. According to the finding acquired from the study the factors effecting Turkish Language Teacher Candidates’ preferences about elective courses have been determined and ideas which are going to contribute to determination of elective courses and effective process of them have been suggested.

  7. Turkish Expatriates: Their Tourism Tendencies and Contribution to Turkish Tourism

    MUTLUER, Mustafa; SÜDAޞ, İlkay

    2008-01-01

    Turkey has an important place in the growing world tourism market and Turkish expatriates are one of the important tourist groups in Turkish tourism. The most of the expatriates stem from Western European countries and they have an approximately 20% share in total tourism arrivals in Turkey and 23% of total tourism income of the country. It is observed that the holiday habits and spending tendencies of the group at issue are changing. This article deals with the changing tourism tendencies an...

  8. Second-Generation Turkish Youth in Europe: Explaining the Academic Disadvantage in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland

    Song, Steve

    2011-01-01

    This investigation examines the role of students' home and school variables in producing the achievement gap between second-generation Turkish students and their native peers in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Using the data from PISA 2006, this study supports past findings that both home and school resources affect the educational outcomes of…

  9. How do Turkish High School Graduates Use the Wave Theory of Light to Explain Optics Phenomena?

    Sengoren, S. K.

    2010-01-01

    This research was intended to investigate whether Turkish students who had graduated from high school used the wave theory of light properly in explaining optical phenomena. The survey method was used in this research. The data, which were collected from 175 first year university students in Turkey, were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively.…

  10. The Relationship between Gender and Classroom Environment in Turkish Science Classrooms

    Welch, Anita G.; Cakir, Mustafa; Peterson, Claudette M.; Ray, Christopher M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of gender between actual and preferred classroom environment and use of technology in the science classroom of Turkish students. Employing stratified random sampling procedures, data were collected from 985 students from schools across twelve different districts in Istanbul, Turkey. The…

  11. Turkish Education Through Poetry Reading

    DEMİR, Mehmet; DUMAN, Bilal

    2014-01-01

    Poetic narrative demonstrates richness of a language more clearly, because poetry as a genre is more effective than other literary genres in terms of explaining emotions. The general purpose of this study is to apply this function of poetry in conveying emotions to the education of Turkish. In this context, at fırst, it deals with reading techniques in poetry and their relevancy in teaching Turkish. In connection with that, various learning strategies are explained. At this point, employing t...

  12. The Contribution of Gender, Socio-Economic Status and Socio-Cultural Influence to Turkish Students' Task Value Beliefs in Science

    Kahraman, Nurcan; Sungur-Vural, Semra

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate how well gender, socio-economic status of family, and socio-cultural influences (perceived parents' achievement goals, and perceived teachers' achievement goals) predict middle school students' task value beliefs in science. Background Characteristics Survey, Motivated Strategies for Learning…

  13. The Effect of Guided-Inquiry Instruction on 6th Grade Turkish Students' Achievement, Science Process Skills, and Attitudes toward Science

    Koksal, Ela Ayse; Berberoglu, Giray

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of guided-inquiry approach in science classes over existing science and technology curriculum in developing content-based science achievement, science process skills, and attitude toward science of grade level 6 students in Turkey. Non-equivalent control group quasi-experimental design…

  14. The Turkish-Armenian rapprochement

    Gunter, Michael; Rochtus, Dirk

    2010-01-01

    This article analyses the Turkish-Armenian Rapprochement since the summer of 2008, a process which is also known as 'soccer diplomacy' and ended up in the signing of Protocols between Turkey and Armenia in October 2009, a process which has not yet reached finalization, but leaves hope for some rapprochement.

  15. Trends in Turkish Education Studies

    Varisoglu, Behice; Sahin, Abdullah; Goktas, Yuksel

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine trends in the subject areas, methods, data collection tools, data analysis methods, and sample types used in recent studies on Turkish education, published in journals from 2000-2011. A total of 558 articles from 44 journals were selected from databases by the purposive sampling method and examined using…

  16. USE OF THE STORIES FORMED WITH DRAMA IN TURKISH EDUCATION

    Ömer Tuğrul KARA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available New Turkish Program has been based upon activities that will provide participation of students to the educational process. Story formation with drama which is one of the most suitable activities to actualize requirements of the Turkish education is to animate improvised or proverbial stories using drama techniques. What has been meant with the expression of story formation in drama studies is to accommodate story genre into animation of other genres including texts based upon events rather than dramatization of the genre’s itself. Through the animation of the story, the student will have the opportunity of examining, analyzing and solving the problems related to real life. While concepts such as hero, target, obstacle /event have been the primary elements of story formation, concepts such as speech line and metaxis are the secondary elements. There can be provided the acquisition of four basic language abilities to be actualized, association of linguistic concepts with daily life and exposure of a hidden ability into the light through the stories formed with drama in Turkish lessons. This study has been carried out using the scanning model and relevant researches within the bounds of the subject have been benefited.

  17. Reflections of Turkish accounting and financial reporting standards on vocational school students: A research on comparing perceptions of intermediate and mid-level accounting professional candidates

    Seldüz Hakan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to compare the perceptions of intermediate and mid-level accounting professional candidates on accounting and financial reporting standards. A significant part of accounting process is carried out by vocational school graduate intermediate and mid-level accounting professionals. However, it can be claimed that adequate education about accounting and financial reporting standards isn’t given in vocational schools although these standards structure the whole accounting process. A survey is conducted over students of the related vocational school in Aksaray University. The results indicate no significant difference on students’ perceptions in terms of their school year, high school type, job or internship experience and intention to perform the profession after graduation. These results can be traced to inadequacy of present curriculums and internship programs which can’t create a difference. Based on the results, the content of internship applications is rearranged and an optional subject named as “Accounting and Reporting Standards” is established.

  18. Bilateral Simultaneous Avulsion Fractures of the Proximal Tibia in a 14-Year-Old Athlete with Vitamin-D Deficiency

    Ziad Harb; Arfan Malhi

    2015-01-01

    Fractures involving the proximal tibial epiphysis are rare and form 0.5% of all epiphyseal injuries. The specific anatomical and developmental features of the proximal tibial epiphysis make it vulnerable to unique patterns of fractures. Vitamin-D plays a vital role in bone homeostasis and its deficiency has an impact on fracture risk and healing. We present the first ever reported case of simultaneous bilateral proximal tibial physeal fractures in an athlete with vitamin-D deficiency. Treatme...

  19. Models of Micro-Organisms: Children's Knowledge and Understanding of Micro-Organisms from 7 to 14 Years Old

    Byrne, Jenny

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the expressed models that children aged 7, 11, and 14 years have about micro-organisms and microbial activity. These were elicited using a variety of data collection techniques that complemented each other, resulting in a rich dataset, and provided information about the level of knowledge and progression of ideas across the…

  20. Individual and familial factors associated with fruit and vegetable intake among 11- to 14-year-old Romanian school children.

    Lotrean, Lucia Maria; Tutui, Iulia

    2015-09-01

    The healthy nutrition guidelines proposed by international research institutes and the World Health Organization recommend a daily intake of fruit and vegetables of at least 400 g, representing five servings a day (each serving contains around 80 g). Moreover, the recommendations stress the importance of consuming both fruit and vegetables daily, preferably at least two portions of fruit and three portions of vegetables per day. To efficiently develop interventions for promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among children, it is essential to identify and understand the factors that influence these behaviours. The present study aims at identifying the individual and familial factors which influence fruit and vegetable consumption among Romanian children. A cross-sectional survey by means of anonymous questionnaires was conducted among 361 school children, aged 11-14, from Cluj-Napoca, Romania (April-May 2011). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to assess the correlates of fruit and vegetable intake. The results show that 44.6% of the children met the recommendations regarding fruit intake, while 9.1% of the children declared eating the daily recommended portions of vegetables. Knowledge regarding the recommended number of daily servings and higher self-efficacy concerning the intake of fruit and vegetables every day were positively associated with higher consumption of fruit and vegetables. Fruit preference also influenced positively the consumption of fruit. The familial factor associated with vegetable intake was the perceived behaviour of the mother, while fruit intake was higher among children who declared higher fruit availability at home. Hence, it is necessary to develop in Romania nutrition interventions addressing the determinants of fruit and vegetable intake as identified by this study; these interventions should target both children and parents. PMID:25323566

  1. Bilateral Simultaneous Avulsion Fractures of the Proximal Tibia in a 14-Year-Old Athlete with Vitamin-D Deficiency

    Ziad Harb

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Fractures involving the proximal tibial epiphysis are rare and form 0.5% of all epiphyseal injuries. The specific anatomical and developmental features of the proximal tibial epiphysis make it vulnerable to unique patterns of fractures. Vitamin-D plays a vital role in bone homeostasis and its deficiency has an impact on fracture risk and healing. We present the first ever reported case of simultaneous bilateral proximal tibial physeal fractures in an athlete with vitamin-D deficiency. Treatment consisted of plaster immobilisation, and the patient made a full recovery and returned to preinjury level of activities. We report this case for its uniqueness and as an educational review of the importance of the developmental anatomy of the proximal tibia. We review the literature and discuss how the stages of the growing physis determine the type of fracture sustained.

  2. Field assessment of balance in 10 to 14 year old children, reproducibility and validity of the Nintendo Wii board

    Larsen, Lisbeth Runge; Grønbech Jørgensen, Martin; Junge, Tina;

    2014-01-01

    adults. When assessing static balance, it is essential to use objective, sensitive tools, and these types of measurement have previously been performed in laboratory settings. However, the emergence of technologies like the Nintendo Wii Board (NWB) might allow balance assessment in field settings. As the...

  3. Binge Drinking among 12-to-14-Year-Old Canadians: Findings from a Population-Based Study

    Esme Fuller-Thomson; Tamara Grundland; Sheridan, Matthew P.; Cathy Sorichetti

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. This study’s objective is to document which factors are associated with binge drinking behaviour in a population-based sample of Canadian youth aged 12 to 14. Middle school is a key period in which binge drinking behaviour is initiated. Binge drinking is an important risk factor for alcohol-related injuries, accidental death, unsafe sexual behaviour, and substance abuse problems. Understanding the drinking patterns of this population can serve to better inform prevention programs and...

  4. Psychosocial and demographic predictors of fruit, juice and vegetable consumption among 11-14-year-old Boy Scouts

    Psychosocial and demographic correlates of fruit, juice, and vegetable (FJV) consumption were investigated to guide how to increase FJV intake. Experimental design consisted of hierarchical multiple regression analysis of FJV consumption on demographics and psychosocial variables. Subjects were boys...

  5. Perinatal characteristics among early (10–14 years old and late (15–19 years old pregnant adolescents

    Alves João

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pregnancy in adolescents is a worldwide health problem and has been mostly common in poor populations. It is not clear if socioeconomic or biological factors are the main determinants of perinatal adverse outcomes in pregnant adolescents. Adolescents under 15 years old may present a high growth rate which may contribute to impair fetal growth. Our aim is to compare perinatal characteristics among early (aged 10 to 14 years and late (aged 15 to 19 years pregnant adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed using data from Pernambuco State 2009, obtained from DATASUS/SISNAC, a Brazilian Government, open-access public health database. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between early (aged 10–14 years and late (aged 15–19 years pregnant adolescents. Family income was compared between early and late pregnant adolescents using a sample of 412 subjects evaluated at Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP during 2011. Statistical comparisons were made using the chi-square test was used with a significant level of 0.05; bivariate and multivariate analysis were performed. This project was approved by the Institutional Ethics Review Board. Results Data from 31,209 pregnant adolescents were analyzed. 29,733 (95.2% were aged 15 to 19 years and 1,476 (4.7% were aged 10 to 14 years. There were significant differences with respect to marital status, education level and number of prenatal visits of mothers aged 10 to 14 years compared to 15 to 19 years. Of importance, early adolescents had a greater rate of neonates born premature and with low birth weight. Prematurity and low birth weight remained statistically significant after multivariate analysis. Conclusions Early aged adolescents may have an increased risk of prematurity and low birth weight. These findings highlight the potential role of biological factors in newborn outcomes in pregnant adolescents.

  6. Mode of delivery and risk of asthma in children 5-14 years old in Tabriz, Iran

    Roya Sahebi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: It has been suggested that a cesarean section increases risk of developing asthma due to lack of exposure to maternal microflora during birth. To investigate the association between the mode of delivery and the risk of asthma in children aged 5-14 years in Tabriz, Iran. Methods: A case-control study was performed on 233 (case = 81, control = 152 children aged 5-14 years referred to outpatient clinics of Tabriz Children’s Hospital and Sheikhorrais Clinic in 2014. Clinical asthma diagnosis was done according to Global Initiative for Asthma Criteria. A questionnaire was administered to obtain a demographic, environmental, and clinical history. Age-sex frequency matching with cases was carried out during sampling for controlling of possible cofounding effects of age and sex for asthma. Results: Of 233 children, 53.6% of them were male (case group = 54.3% and control group = 53.3%. Over half (54.5%, the participants had been delivered by caesarian section. Cases were not significantly more likely to have been delivered by caesarian section as compared to controls [adjusted odds ratio (AOR = 0.69; 95% confidence interval (CI = 0.34-1.42]. However, more frequent episodes of common cold [b = 0.094; standard error (SE (b = 0.031, P < 0.001], birth order (second born children compared to firstborns (AOR = 2.54; 95% CI = 1.18-5.46, high maternal education levels: 12 years (AOR = 3.76; 95% CI = 1.10-12.9, collegiate (AOR = 6.12; 95% CI = 1.43-26.20, and intra-family marriage (AOR = 2.89; 95% CI = 1.21-6.89 were associated with childhood asthma. Conclusion: Delivery mode was not associated with risk of developing childhood asthma in our study. Intra-family marriage increased the odds of childhood asthma. Further study on the relationship between maternal education and the odds of asthma is proposed.

  7. Reproductive hormone profile and pubertal development in 14-year-old boys prenatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls

    Grandjean, Philippe; Grønlund, Ciea; Kjær, Ina M;

    2012-01-01

    examination at age 14. Higher prenatal PCB exposure was associated with lower serum concentrations of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone. In addition, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) was positively associated with both prenatal and concurrent PCB exposures. The PCB-SHBG association was robust...... to covariate adjustment. In a structural equation model, a doubling in prenatal PCB exposure was associated with a decrease in LH of 6% (p=0.03). Prenatal exposure to PCB and DDE showed weak, non-significant inverse associations with testicular size and Tanner stage. DDE was highly correlated with...... PCB and showed slightly weaker associations with the hormone profile. These findings suggest that delayed puberty with low serum-LH concentrations associated with developmental exposure to non dioxin-like PCBs may be due to a central hypothalamo-pituitary mechanism....

  8. Life-Threatening Contraceptive-Related Pulmonary Embolism in a 14-Year-Old Girl with Hereditary Thrombophilia

    Hellfritzsch, Maja; Grove, Erik Lerkevang

    2015-01-01

    Patient: Female, 14 Final Diagnosis: Pulmonary embolism Symptoms: Chest pain • dyspnea • syncope Medication: Combined oral contraceptives Clinical Procedure: — Specialty: Internal Medicine Objective: Adverse events of drug therapy Background: The prothrombotic effect of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) is well-established, with a 3–6-fold increased risk of VTE compared to non-users. When initiation of COCs is considered, it is therefore of paramount importance to carefully evaluate all oth...

  9. Life-Threatening Contraceptive-Related Pulmonary Embolism in a 14-Year-Old Girl with Hereditary Thrombophilia

    Hellfritzsch, Maja; Grove, Erik Lerkevang

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The prothrombotic effect of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) is well-established, with a 3-6-fold increased risk of VTE compared to non-users. When initiation of COCs is considered, it is therefore of paramount importance to carefully evaluate all other potential risk factors for VTE....... Based on a case of life-threatening COC-associated pulmonary embolism in a girl heterozygous for the prothrombin G20210A mutation and with a family history of thrombotic disease, we discuss the importance of assessing not just the genotype but also the phenotype when considering initiation of COCs in...... total occlusion of the right pulmonary artery, and several minor peripheral embolisms bilaterally. She was successfully treated with thrombolysis (alteplase) followed by aPTT-adjusted heparin infusion until adequate anticoagulation with warfarin was achieved. Two years earlier, the patient had been...

  10. Field assessment of balance in 10 to 14 year old children, reproducibility and validity of the Nintendo Wii board

    Larsen, Lisbeth Runge; Jørgensen, Martin Grønbech; Junge, Tina;

    2014-01-01

    and adults. When assessing static balance, it is essential to use objective, sensitive tools, and these types of measurement have previously been performed in laboratory settings. However, the emergence of technologies like the Nintendo Wii Board (NWB) might allow balance assessment in field settings...

  11. Prevalence and Predictors of Drooling in 7- to 14-Year-Old Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Population Study

    Reid, Susan M.; McCutcheon, Jennifer; Reddihough, Dinah S.; Johnson, Hilary

    2012-01-01

    Aim: To establish a prevalence estimate for drooling and explore factors associated with drooling in a population sample of children with cerebral palsy (CP) aged 7 to 14 years living in Victoria, Australia. Method: A self-report questionnaire was used to collect data on drooling from parents of children born between 1996 and 2001, and registered…

  12. Dietary intake and physical activity of normal weight and overweight 6 to 14 year old Swiss children

    Aeberli, I.; Kaspar, M.; Zimmermann, M.B.

    2007-01-01

    Principles and questions under study: The prevalence of overweight is increasing in Swiss children, and they are at increased risk for hypertension and insulin resistance. Better understanding of how food intakes and activity patterns differ between overweight and normal weight children is needed to

  13. Clinical and epidemiological evaluation of a live, cold-adapted influenza vaccine for 3-14-year-olds.

    Rudenko, L. G.; Lonskaya, N. I.; Klimov, A. I.; Vasilieva, R. I.; Ramirez, A.

    1996-01-01

    Reported is a study of live, cold-adapted (CA) reassortant mono-, di-, and trivalent influenza type A and B vaccines in a series of controlled clinical and epidemiological investigations involving nearly 130 000 children aged 3-15 years. The results of clinical, immunological, and morbidity investigations of the vaccinees and a control group over 6-months' follow-up indicated that the vaccines were completely attenuated by the children. Transient febrile reactions occurred in < 1% of the children after vaccination, including double seronegative individuals with low antibody titres. The type A reisolates examined were genetically stable. The reassortants did not suppress each other after simultaneous inoculation of children and stimulated antibody response to influenza virus strains A1, A3, and B. The incidence of influenza-like diseases was approximately 30-40% lower among the vaccinated group than among the control group. The study demonstrates, for the first time, the efficacy of CA vaccine against infections caused by influenza B virus. PMID:8653819

  14. G6PD Deficiency in Turkish Cypriots

    SÖZÜÖZ, Ayşe

    1998-01-01

    1108 Turkish Cypriot men and 318 male labourers from mainland Turkey were screened for G6PD deficiency and haemoglobinopathy traits. The results revealed a 6.7% G6PD deficiency rate in the Turkish Cypriot men and a 1.6% prevalance rate in the Turkish men. The mean haemoglobin level of the G6PD deficient males was approximately 1g/dl lower than that of the non-deficient males.

  15. Competitive Environment Hypothesis in Turkish Banking System

    Alper Aslan; Kemal Koksal; Oguz Ocal

    2011-01-01

    TThis paper investigates the persistence of profit in Turkish banking system for the period of 2004:1 – 2009:4 by focusing net income after tax to total equity (ROE) as profit measures by utilizing panel unit root tests. We found that competition among surviving banks is high in the Turkish Banking System for the period 2004:1 – 2009:4 which means that competitive environment hypothesis is valid in Turkish banking system.

  16. GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS STRUCTURE OF TURKISH ECONOMY

    TURGUTER, Yavuz

    2015-01-01

    Global competition conditions are sharpening and turning into more complex structure in the world economy. Under the highly competitive conditions, Turkish economy needs to increase her competitiveness against the closest competitors. In this context, main aim of this study is to investigate the competitiveness structure of Turkish economy by considering The Global Competitiveness Report of World Economic Forum. Main result of the study is that Turkish economy has to increase her competitiven...

  17. Sociological analysis of contemporary Turkish political elites

    Ali Arslan

    2007-01-01

    This study was designed to find general characteristics of Contemporary Turkish political Elites since 1995 up to date. Social background characteristics were employed to realise the purposes. Documentary and historical research techniques were used during the study. As a result of examining the Contemporary Turkish political elites (since 1995 up to 2005) these major findings were discovered: the large majority of the Turkish parliamentary elites were well educated, male, middle aged, marrie...

  18. Foucault and Foucault Bibliography in Turkish Language

    Sever Işık

    2012-01-01

    Foucault, a prominent philosopher of the twenteeth century, had quite on impact on philosophy, politics, history, sociology, literature, art and so on. Foucault’s works were translated into Turkish in the late 1980s and more frequently in the 1990s and in the early 2000’s, they were almost complete. Foucault, who is frequently referred in Turkish thought world, has been translation book, article and test subject fort the last two decades. Foucault entrance to Turkish literature shows parallel...

  19. Foucault and Foucault Bibliography in Turkish Language

    Işık, Sever

    2012-01-01

    Foucault, a prominent philosopher of the twenteeth century, had quite on impact on philosophy, politics, history, sociology, literature, art and so on. Foucault’s works were translated into Turkish in the late 1980s and more frequently in the 1990s and in the early 2000’s, they were almost complete. Foucault, who is frequently referred in Turkish thought world, has been translation book, article and test subject fort the last two decades. Foucault entrance to Turkish literature shows parall...

  20. A REVİEW ON SCIENTIFIC EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS OF TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES

    İzzet ŞEREF

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine scientific epistemological beliefs of Turkish teacher candidates. In this research, we used survey method. In this study, 117 selected students by easily accessible sampling techniques participated from department of Turkish education, Faculty of Education of Atatürk University. “Scientific Epistemological Beliefs Survey” adapted in Turkish by Acat, Tüken and Karadağ (2010 was used to collect the data. The collected data of the study analyzed by the SPSS 16.0 package program and analyzed by chi-square and t test. At the end of the research it was found significant difference according to the gender in favor of girls and according to level in favor of first-year students in scientific epistemological beliefs.

  1. Bulgarian Turkish emigration and return.

    Vasileva, D

    1992-01-01

    The main factors which determined the 1989 migration of Turks in Bulgaria back to Turkey are discussed. Background history is provided. After World War I, Turks in bulgaria comprised 10% of the total population. Bulgarian policy had been, up to the 1980s to send Rumelian Turks back, but the policy after 1980 was one of a national revival process to integrate Turks into the developed socialist society. Muslim traditions, customs, and Turkish language were interfered with. International disfavor resulted. In May 1989, the Communist Party declared, in an effort to show democratic ideals, open borders. Thus began the new emigration wave. 369,839 people fled to the Turkish border. 43% of the 9.47 ethnic Turks in bulgaria went to Turkey within 4 months. The numbers decreased in November, and soon after the communist regime ended. New laws were adopted allowing Turks to assume their original Turkish names. The huge migration was clearly political, and as such, the emigrant Turks should be determined as refugees and asylum seekers. The provocation of ethnic Turks was used by the communist regime to solve potential social conflicts. Not only did Turks flee to escape from violence or for religious, cultural, and moral reasons but also due to free market initiatives begun in Turkey in the early 1980s which improved Turkish quality of life. Food and consumer goods were cheaper and economic advantages were perceived. Emigrants were primarily peasants with lower levels of education, professional qualifications, and labor skills. 154,937 (42%) returned to bulgaria and 58% stayed in Turkey to comprise 25% of the former Turkish population. During this period, tensions between countries was high.l Bulgarians actively encouraged emigration and Turkey welcomed it. The emigrants to Turkey were seen as foreigners (muhacir or gocmen) but were received with good will and were readily accepted into menial positions. Emigrants were confronted with political, linguistic, and cultural

  2. Parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality among Turkish college students / Türk üniversite öğrencileri arasında cinsellikle ilgili konularda anne ve babayla iletişim ve algılanan anne baba tutumları

    Nursel TOPKAYA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis current study was conducted to examine parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality with respect to gender among Turkish college students. Moreover, attitudes toward premarital sexuality with respect to gender were explored. A demographic data form, premarital sexual permissiveness scale, parental communication about sexuality scale and parental attitudes about sexuality scale were administered to 366 (217 female and 148 male college students, aged 18 to 26. The results indicated that females held more conservative premarital sexual attitudes than males; females talked to their mothers, while males talked to their fathers more about sexuality issues. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that gender was significant on the perceived maternal attitudes about sexuality, whereas perceived paternal attitudes about sexuality were not found to be significant with respect to gender. Future research is needed to explore variables that may contribute to the differences in parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality.

  3. Evaluation of learning and teaching process in Turkish courses

    Eyyup COŞKUN

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available A radical educational reform occurred in Turkey in 2005; and curriculum of primary education courses was renewed. New curriculum was prepared based on constructivist approach. In this scope, curriculum of Turkish course was also renewed. This study aimsat evaluating applications and opinions of teachers and students about learning and teaching process prescribed in Turkish Course (1st-5th Grades Curriculum. Within the scope of the study, semi-structured interview was made with 10 teachers and 12 students.In addition, process teaching a text was evaluated via structured observation method in 5 different classes. According to the results of the study, primary school teachers find some stages in learning – teaching process prescribed in the curriculum unnecessary andtherefore do not apply them. Teachers mentioned that some texts are above the student level; and they sometimes experience time and material problems. It was seen in the present study that teachers do not have enough information about learning and teachingprocess in the new curriculum; they do not have high success levels in the applications; and they usually do not apply the forms for evaluating the process in the curriculum. It was found out that, in spite of these problems, courses are student-centred as prescribed inthe curriculum; and students have positive opinions about stages of learning and teaching process.

  4. Modelling Turkish Migration to Germany

    Akkoyunlu, Sule; Siliverstovs, Boriss

    2006-01-01

    This study develops a time series model of Turkish migration to Germany for the period 1963-2004 using the cointegration technique. A single cointegrating relation between the migration flow variable and the relative income ratio between Germany and Turkey, the unemployment rates in Germany and Turkey, and the trade variable, that captures intensity of bilateral economic cooperation, is found. By including the trade variable in the empirical migration function we investigate whether trade and...

  5. SOCIAL SECURITY OF TURKISH ATHLETES

    Barış ÖZTUNA

    2015-01-01

    Law No. 5510 realized within the social security reform aims providing a structure which presents equal scope and quality of social security service other all citizens. According to Labor Law No 4857, unionization of sportsmen in Turkish legal environment is possible, sport clubs and sportsmen are continuing to live without so many rights and obligations but they didn’t. Aim of this study; to prove sportsmen of location of the labo...

  6. Attitudes of Australian and Turkish veterinary faculty toward animal welfare.

    Izmirli, Serdar; Phillips, Clive J C

    2012-01-01

    The attitudes of veterinary faculty toward animal welfare were surveyed in four Australian and three Turkish veterinary schools. The former were considered to be typical of modern Western schools, with a faculty of more than 40% women and a primary focus on companion animals, whereas the latter were considered to represent more traditional veterinary teaching establishments, with a faculty of 88% men and a primary focus on livestock. A total of 116 faculty responded to the survey (42 Australian and 74 Turkish faculty members), for response rates of 30% and 33%, respectively. This survey included demographic questions as well as questions about attitudes toward animal-welfare issues. Women were more concerned than men about animal-welfare issues, especially the use of animals in experiments, zoos, entertainment, and sports and for food and clothing. Total scores demonstrated different concerns among Turkish and Australian faculty. The study demonstrates that the veterinary faculty of these two countries have different concerns for animal welfare, concerns that should be acknowledged in considering the welfare attitudes that students may adopt. PMID:22718008

  7. Geographic Education in Turkish High Schools

    Tas, Halil I.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a review of geographic curricula, teaching methods, materials and assessments in Turkish high schools. Geopolitics and political instability have contributed to large fluctuations in emphasis on geography in Turkish education and have also affected the content of the geography curriculum.

  8. Mental health of Turkish women in Germany

    Bromand, Z; Temur-Erman, S; Yesil, R;

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the protective and risk factors of mental distress among Turkish women living in Germany.......The purpose of the present study was to examine the protective and risk factors of mental distress among Turkish women living in Germany....

  9. The Use of Maps in Turkish Newspapers

    Demirci, Ali; Suslu, Zeliha

    2016-01-01

    This study analyzes the use of maps in Turkish newspapers in order to evaluate their potential to contribute to the enhancement of geographic knowledge in society. This study reviewed the content of three Turkish newspapers published between January 2008 and August 2012. Only 835 maps were used in the newspapers during the study period, or an…

  10. Creative Thought in Teaching Turkish Language

    Aytan, Talat; Guney, Nail; Gun, Mesut

    2011-01-01

    Primary Turkish lesson curriculum aims to educate individuals who can use Turkish and the abilities of speaking, writing, listening and reading efficiently; who can express feelings, ideas and dreams; who are sensitive to national values and who has the consciousness of language and the top level conscious abilities such as classification,…

  11. Attitudes toward Physical Education and Class Preferences of Turkish Adolescents in Terms of School Gender Composition

    Koca, Canan; Asci, F. Hulya; Demirhan, Giyasettin

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine attitudes toward physical education (PE and PE class preferences of high school Turkish students in terms of school gender composition; 213 girls and 249 boys from coeducational public schools, and 196 girls and 210 boys from single-sex vocational schools participated in the study. The Attitudes Toward…

  12. The Mediator Effect of Loneliness between Perceived Social Competence and Cyber Bullying in Turkish Adolescents

    Sariçam, Hakan; Yaman, Erkan; Çelik, Ismail

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to examine whether loneliness might play a mediating role between perceived social competence and cyberbullying in Turkish adolescents. The participants were 326 high school students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Cyberbullying Scale, the Perceived Social Competence Scale, and the UCLA…

  13. Individual Differences in the Mental Rotation Skills of Turkish Prospective Teachers

    Turgut, Melih

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of gender, academic performance and preschool education on mental rotation skills among Turkish prospective teachers. A total of 525 undergraduate students (364 female) from a government university located in western Turkey completed the Mental Rotation Test (MRT). A three-way [2 (gender) × 5 (academic…

  14. Turkish Adaptation of the Mentorship Effectiveness Scale: A Validity and Reliability Study

    Yirci, Ramazan; Karakose, Turgut; Uygun, Harun; Ozdemir, Tuncay Yavuz

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to adapt the Mentoring Relationship Effectiveness Scale to Turkish, and to conduct validity and reliability tests regarding the scale. The study group consisted of 156 university science students receiving graduate education. Construct validity and factor structure of the scale was analyzed first through exploratory…

  15. Implementability of Instructional Supervision as a Contemporary Educational Supervision Model in Turkish Education System

    Hasan Basri Memduhoğlu; Mevsim Zengin

    2012-01-01

    In this study, implementability of instructional supervision as one of contemporary educational supervision models in Turkish Education System was evaluated. Instructional supervision which aims to develop instructional processes and increase the quality of student learning based on observation of classroom activities requires collaboration among supervisors and teachers. In this literature review, significant problems have been detected due to structural organization, structural and control-...

  16. Policy, Practice, and Reality: Exploring a Nation-Wide Technology Implementation in Turkish Schools

    Akcaoglu, Mete; Gumus, Sedat; Bellibas, Mehmet Sukru; Boyer, D. Matthew

    2015-01-01

    Technology has already become an indispensable part of our lives, and nations around the world see schools as the main agents to prepare their youth for a technology-filled future, and invest important amounts of funding to provide hardware to schools, students and teachers. The Turkish Ministry of National Education is in the midst of the FATIH…

  17. Investigating the Relationship among Internet Addiction, Positive and Negative Affects, and Life Satisfaction in Turkish Adolescents

    Telef, Bülent Baki

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates the relationships between Internet addiction and the areas of life satisfaction and positive or negative affects in Turkish adolescents. The research sample comprised 358 students studying in the sixth, seventh and eighth grades at four different middle schools in Canakkale city centre during the 2012-2013 academic year, of…

  18. Prospective Turkish Primary Teachers' Views about the Use of Computers in Mathematics Education

    Dogan, Mustafa

    2012-01-01

    The use of computers and technology in mathematics education affects students' learning, achievements, and affective dimensions. This study explores prospective Turkish primary mathematics teachers' views about the use of computers in mathematics education. The sample comprised of 129 fourth-year prospective primary mathematics teachers from two…

  19. Validity and Reliability of the Academic Resilience Scale in Turkish High School

    Kapikiran, Sahin

    2012-01-01

    The present study aims to determine the validity and reliability of the academic resilience scale in Turkish high school. The participances of the study includes 378 high school students in total (192 female and 186 male). A set of analyses were conducted in order to determine the validity and reliability of the study. Firstly, both exploratory…

  20. The Role of Turkish Lessons and Reflective Practice in Teaching SLA as Content

    Thompson, Amy S.; Erdil-­Moody, Zeynep

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated whether foreign language lessons coupled with engaging learners in reflective practice facilitates a deeper understanding of second language acquisition (SLA) course content. During this semester-­long SLA course, 14 graduate students were taught eight Turkish lessons for 25 minutes at the beginning of each class. As a…

  1. Exploration of Problematic Internet Use and Social Interaction Anxiety among Turkish Pre-Service Teachers

    Cuhadar, Cem

    2012-01-01

    The current study investigated the relationship between problematic Internet use and social interaction anxiety among pre-service teachers. Participants were 1235 students attending teacher training programs at a Turkish state university. The "Problematic Internet Use Scale" and "Social Interaction Anxiety Scale" were used to collect the data.…

  2. Technology Related Expectations of Turkish as a Second Language Learners at Hacettepe University

    Kalfa, Mahir; Yalcin, Haydar

    2013-01-01

    Aside from "lingua franca" of the current age, technology enhanced language learning is still in its infancy for the less commonly taught languages. Hacettepe TOMER has been teaching Turkish as a foreign/second language to the exchange students for several years though; technology related expectations of the language learners have never…

  3. A Study of Prospective Turkish Science Teachers' Knowledge at the Popular Biotechnological Issues

    Darcin, Emine Selcen; Turkmen, Lutfullah

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge level of popular biotechnological issues of prospective Turkish science teachers. A questionnaire was administered during 2005-2006 academic year to 194 students in the Department of Science Education of a university in Turkey. The questionnaire covered six biotechnological issues such as…

  4. Exploring the Sociotropy-Autonomy Dimensions in a Sample of Turkish Psychiatric Inpatients.

    Sahin, Nesrin; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Explored sociotropy and autonomy among 70 Turkish psychiatric inpatients and 189 university students, who were administered Beck Depression Inventory, Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale, Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire, and Sociotropy-Autonomy Scale. Results seem to support relationship of sociotropy with other depression measures in both samples.…

  5. Foucault and Foucault Bibliography in Turkish Language

    Sever Işık

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Foucault, a prominent philosopher of the twenteeth century, had quite on impact on philosophy, politics, history, sociology, literature, art and so on. Foucault’s works were translated into Turkish in the late 1980s and more frequently in the 1990s and in the early 2000’s, they were almost complete. Foucault, who is frequently referred in Turkish thought world, has been translation book, article and test subject fort the last two decades. Foucault entrance to Turkish literature shows parallelism with postmodernism debate in Turkish philosophy. The purpose of this bibliography is to make on inventory for Foucault’s works translated into Turkish and works and writings and about him, in order to provide convenience for the people who study Foucault.

  6. Implementability of Instructional Supervision as a Contemporary Educational Supervision Model in Turkish Education System

    Hasan Basri Memduhoğlu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, implementability of instructional supervision as one of contemporary educational supervision models in Turkish Education System was evaluated. Instructional supervision which aims to develop instructional processes and increase the quality of student learning based on observation of classroom activities requires collaboration among supervisors and teachers. In this literature review, significant problems have been detected due to structural organization, structural and control-oriented supervision rather than guidance and counseling, conflicting supervisor roles, workload and inadequate time for supervision, standard assessment forms, professional incompetencies and negative attitudes of supervisors within the context of supervision subsystem of Turkish education system.

  7. The Turkish Version of the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised

    Pelin D. Catak

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The mindfulness approach to psychotherapy has become a topic of continuously growing scientific interest. In accordance with such interest, various self-report assessment tools have been developed to measure the mindfulness construct. The majority of the studies conducted to investigate the properties of these assessment instruments included Western populations. Thus, the measurement of mindfulness in non-Western cultures still requires further research. Based on this premise, the psychometric properties of the 10 item Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R were investigated in two different studies using two non-clinical Turkish samples. In Study 1, the psychometric properties of the 10 item CAMS-R were examined in an undergraduate student sample (N = 265. Study 2 extended the examination of the psychometric properties of the CAMS-R to an adult community sample consisting of white-collar public employees (N = 88. The results of both studies showed that the Turkish CAMS-R possessed acceptable levels of internal consistency and the scale displayed convergent as well as concurrent validity. Statistically meaningful relationships were found between mindfulness as measures by Turkish CAMS-R and depression, anxiety, well-being as well as perceived stress. The findings from both studies suggest CAMS-R retains its psychometric properties when utilized in a non-Western culture and the Turkish version of CAMS-R is a valid instrument which can be used to measure mindfulness in the Turkish population.

  8. A Study on Developing "An Attitude Scale for Project and Performance Tasks for Turkish Language Leaching Course"

    Demir, Tazegul

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to demonstrate the students' attitudes towards project and performance tasks in Turkish Lessons and to develop a reliable and valid measurement tool. A total of 461 junior high school students participated in this study. In this study, firstly the preparation of items, specialist be consulted (content…

  9. Investigation of Pre-Service Turkish Language Teachers’ Levels of Perception of Values Presented in Resource Works of Turkish

    Gülce Özkaya, Perihan; Coşkun, Mustafa Volkan

    2016-01-01

    The first Turkish manuscript where the name of Turk is mentioned is Orkhon Inscriptions and the first great work of Islam Turkish literature is Kutadgu Bilig. These works serve as a resource of Turkish language and are of great importance for Turkish culture and civilization. These works can be defined as the corner stones of our literature and history as they reflect Turkish culture, history and the linguistic and societal characteristics of the period when they were written. The purpose of ...

  10. Aircraft emissions at Turkish airports

    This paper deals with estimating aircraft landing and take-off (LTO) emissions (HC, CO, NOx, SO2) at 40 Turkish airports including the biggest airports, i.e. Ataturk International Airport (AIA) in Istanbul, Antalya Airport in Antalya and Esenboga Airport in Ankara in 2001. The calculation model is based on flight data recorded by the State Airports Authority. The flight data include the type and number of aircraft, number of passengers, amount of cargo etc., which depend on day-time and date. For the emission calculations the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)-Engine emission data bank, which includes minimum and maximum values for both fuel flow rates and emissions factors, is used. By using first the minimum and then the maximum values from the data bank, two estimations of aircraft LTO emissions at Turkish airports are calculated: i.e. minimum and maximum estimations. Total LTO emissions from aircraft at Turkish airports are estimated to be between 7614.34 and 8338.79 t/year. These results are comparable with those from USA airports. Approximately half of these amounts are produced at AIA. To predict future emissions, it is estimated that an increase of 25% in LTO cycles might cause a rise of between 31 and 33% in emissions. The estimations show that a decrease of 2 min in taxiing time results in a decrease of 6% in LTO emissions. The estimation model used in this study can be used for expansions and planning of airports from an environmental point of view. (author)

  11. ECONOMIC ETHIC IN TURKISH PROVERBS

    Abdullah ÖZBOLAT

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Economic ethic means sum of motifs and suggestions for the practical value and the preferred size in the regulating the daily lives of people. In this study that examines whether the attitude of economic ethic in proverbs, it has been argued in this study that proverbs have been inculcate an economic ethic to the Turkish society and proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism have not been consist of understanding of “a cardigan, a bite” (bir lokma, bir hırka. Economic ethic that express an attitude against the world in the conceptual basis, on hand, is ascetism and fasting against leave from the path of God of goods of world on the other hand, is seeking of balance between for acquisition of property and maintaining a modest life as indispensable means. Individual in the economic ethic is in an effort to reconcile these two different poles relating to goods in the world. While forming the boundaries of this study proverbs that used in Turkey Turkish in the context of economic ethic, economic ethic in proverbs refers to properties such as halal earnings, frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence. It is possible to specify culture that inculcates accumulation and savings, it has been influence past experience such as hunger, famine and a religion that order to work in the forming of codes of historical and social meaning. Additionally it has been influence of seeking of balance of Sufi culture in the attitude against world and ethic in the proverbs. As a result, it refers to properties such as halal earnings frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence, proverbs in Turkey Turkish and it has not been with one-dimension of proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism.

  12. ECONOMIC ETHIC IN TURKISH PROVERBS

    Abdullah ÖZBOLAT

    2012-01-01

    Economic ethic means sum of motifs and suggestions for the practical value and the preferred size in the regulating the daily lives of people. In this study that examines whether the attitude of economic ethic in proverbs, it has been argued in this study that proverbs have been inculcate an economic ethic to the Turkish society and proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism have not been consist of understanding of “a cardigan, a bite” (bir lokma, bir hırka). Economic ethic...

  13. Activation analysis of Turkish and Canadian clays and Turkish pottery

    Activation analysis of Canadian and Turkish clays showed that Cs, Th, Sc, Hf, Ta and Co were the most useful elements to study in order to obtain a differentiation by multivariate analysis. The same elements were used to study a variety of Turkish potsherds. It was found that Roman and Byzantine pottery from Yalincak, and Phrygian pottery from Great Tumulus and Tumulus 2 were most probably made from local clay beds. Phrygian pottery from Yalincak shows a tendency to form a small sub-group. However, there are a large number of outliers. No such grouping was found with the Bronze Age pottery analyzed. About 100 mg of sample were weighed into quartz ampoules. A standard pottery was used as a reference in the measurements. Samples were irradiated for a period of 24 hours. The first activity measurements were made a week after the irradiation. The measurement lasted 4000 seconds. A 30 cm3 Ge(Li) detector was coupled to a 4096-channel pulse-height analyzer. The data were recorded on magnetic tapes which were then computer-processed to calculate the peak areas using the program GAMMANAL. Tabulated data on more than 150 samples are given. (T.G.)

  14. HISTORICAL VIEW OF CARDINAL VOWELS IN TURKISH

    Fatih ÖZEK

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Turkish is a rich language in terms of presence of vowels. There are eight vowels that originated from the relationship between palatalité, aperture and labialité in terms of their characteristics in general Turkish. These are /a/, /e/, /ı/, /i/, /o, /ö/, /u/ and /ü/. In general, /a/, /i/ and /u/ are considered as cardinal vowels in Turkish. According to this viewpoint, Turkish has a triple vowel system consisting of /a/, /i/ and /u/ in the periods when Turkish could not be pursued in writing. /e/, /ı/, /o, /ö/ and /ü/ vowels have also originated from these three cardinal vowels. Thus, our study is limited to a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels. Periodical restriction of the study is Historical Turkish Dialects Köktürk, Uighur, Karakhanid, Khorezmian, Kipchak, Chagatai and Old Oghuz Turkic languagesIn this study we are aiming to determine the following;1. Sources of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels in the historical Turkish dialects,2. Presence of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels in the first syllables and other than first syllables,3. Sound events taking place in the /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels and their reasons,4. relations of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels among themselves and with the consonants,5. whether or not /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels and sound events taking place in these vowels are determinative within a historical dialect.

  15. The view from Turkey: perceptions of Greeks and Greek-Turkish rapproachment by the Turkish public

    Çarkoğlu, Ali; Carkoglu, Ali

    2004-01-01

    This contribution examines popular support among the Turkish electorate for recent Turkish foreign policy decisions concerning Greece. Data from a nationwide representative survey collected in November 2001 are used to analyze the perceptions and policy preferences concerning recent Greek-Turkish relations. Despite deep-rooted cynicism and distrust toward Greeks and Greek foreign policy, a sizeable constituency supports cooperative policy options on all so-called "sensitive issues" in bilater...

  16. The adaptation study of oral communication strategy inventory into Turkish

    Saziye Yaman

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Individuals use a variety of strategies in the course of speaking which can be identified via measurement tools. In the literature, strategy inventories are regarded as the most commonly used measurement tools. However, most of the strategy inventories lack the reliability and validity studies. Furthermore, most of them represent strategies that the learner could use throughout the language learning process and they are not directly relevant to the skill of speaking. Moreover, in the literature, most of the studies carried out on speaking strategies are based on the inventories developed for learners learning English as a second language. With respect to other measurement tools, Oral Communication Strategy Inventory (OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 for Japanese learning English as a foreign language had a clear factor structure and it seemed less problematic. Thus, the purpose of this study was to adapt OCSI into Turkish. Our concern in the adaptation study of OCSI is to investigate whether oral communication strategies classified in OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 would also measure Turkish EFL students’ speaking strategy use. Within the scope of adaptation study, the inventory was translated to Turkish and evaluated with the method of back translation. The equivalence between English form and Turkish form, construct validity and internal consistency were examined. The research was conducted with 808 students studying English as a foreign language at ELT departments of three different universities and Anatolian High schools. Based on the findings concerning the reliability and validity studies, it can be concluded that the classification of the original form of OCSI differs from the adapted version to some extent in that the Turkish form is made up of seven factors in contrast to the original inventory consisting of eight factors. Non verbal strategies which existed in Nakatani’s original inventory did not appear in the adaptation form

  17. Turkish Foreign Policy during Adnan Menderes Period

    Dagci, Gül Tuba; Diyarbakirlioglu, Kaan

    2013-01-01

    Adnan Menderes is a unique personality who has an important role within Turkish political life.DemocraticParty founded in 1946 by Menderes and his three friends has taken the power from People's Republican Party in 22 May 1950. Hence they have ended the single party period and opened the multi-party period in political life. This study examines the Turkish foreign policy of Menderes period between 1950-1960 as a whole. And it concludes that the most important motives of the Turkish foreign po...

  18. Sports Education inTurkish Higher Education within European Qualifications Framework

    ÇALIK, Fehmi; SERTBAŞ, Kürşad; GERİ, Serdar

    2014-01-01

    Sports sciences and sports education are applied in various scientific disciplines of Turkish higher education. Sport Sciences are applied in many universities in Europe to sports education students in higher education and to students in other departments for to meet social needs. In this regard, restructuring sports education is a new requirement in Turkey in terms of European sports education cooperation and developments. The aim of this study is to examine European Higher Education Qualiti...

  19. ECONOMIC COOPERATION IN TURKISH CULTURE: PUBLIC GOODS GAMES AND LONELY ELEPHANTS

    Benjamin Beranek; Alper Duman

    2010-01-01

    While the public good experiment has been used to analyze cooperation among various groups in Western Europe and North America, it has not been extensively used in other contexts such as Turkey. This project seeks to rectify that and explore how Turkish university students informally self govern. By employing the public good experiment among a cohort of students attending universities in Ýzmir, Turkey and Adýyaman, Turkey, we hope to quantitatively analyze the factors which lead to altruistic...

  20. Whistled Turkish alters language asymmetries.

    Güntürkün, Onur; Güntürkün, Monika; Hahn, Constanze

    2015-08-17

    Whistled languages represent an experiment of nature to test the widely accepted view that language comprehension is to some extent governed by the left hemisphere in a rather input-invariant manner. Indeed, left-hemisphere superiority has been reported for atonal and tonal languages, click consonants, writing and sign languages. The right hemisphere is specialized to encode acoustic properties like spectral cues, pitch, and melodic lines and plays a role for prosodic communicative cues. Would left hemisphere language superiority change when subjects had to encode a language that is constituted by acoustic properties for which the right hemisphere is specialized? Whistled Turkish uses the full lexical and syntactic information of vocal Turkish, and transforms this into whistles to transport complex conversations with constrained whistled articulations over long distances. We tested the comprehension of vocally vs. whistled identical lexical information in native whistle-speaking people of mountainous Northeast Turkey. We discovered that whistled language comprehension relies on symmetric hemispheric contributions, associated with a decrease of left and a relative increase of right hemispheric encoding mechanisms. Our results demonstrate that a language that places high demands on right-hemisphere typical acoustical encoding creates a radical change in language asymmetries. Thus, language asymmetry patterns are in an important way shaped by the physical properties of the lexical input. PMID:26294179

  1. SOCIAL SECURITY OF TURKISH ATHLETES

    Barış ÖZTUNA

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Law No. 5510 realized within the social security reform aims providing a structure which presents equal scope and quality of social security service other all citizens. According to Labor Law No 4857, unionization of sportsmen in Turkish legal environment is possible, sport clubs and sportsmen are continuing to live without so many rights and obligations but they didn’t. Aim of this study; to prove sportsmen of location of the labour law and to mark off. The purpose of the study is explained according to Law No. 4857 and Law No. 5510 Turkish athletes. Profesional athletes deemed to be insurance holders for the purposes of implementing short and long term insurance branches of No 5510 Law. But amateur athletes don't seem to be insurance holders for the purposes of implementing short and long term insurance branches of No 5510 Law. According to the law 5774 regarding to be called as an g overnment athlete, within the adults category of the sports that are accepted as olympic, paralympic and deaflympic; pension is paid to the amateur athletes who became first, second or third at Olymic games, World or European Champions as an individual or team sports and to the national team coaches and assistant coaches of the athletes’ who became Olympic or World Champion as a team.

  2. Turkish version of the Academic Motivation Scale.

    Can, Gürhan

    2015-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to adapt the college version of the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) into Turkish. The participants were 797 college students (437 men, 360 women) with a mean age of 20.1 yr. A seven-factor model of the scale, as well as alternative models (five-, three-, two-, and one-factor models) were investigated and compared through confirmatory factor analysis. The seven-factor model demonstrated adequate fit to the data. The fit indices obtained from the five-factor model were acceptable also. Hancock's coefficient H values and test-retest correlation coefficients of the subscales indicated that reliability of the scale was adequate except for the identified regulation subscale. The CFA conducted for the groups of men and women produced more acceptable fit indices values for men than women, but women obtained significantly higher scores from the AMS subscales. Correlations among the seven subscales partially supported the simplex pattern which claims that the neighboring subscales should have stronger positive correlations than the non-neighboring subscales and that the subscales which are the farthest apart should have the strongest negative relationships. PMID:25826436

  3. Reflections on the development of an EFL reading programme for middle school students of varied levels of English

    Barfield Randall

    2003-01-01

    This personal-experience article attempts to share with the reader an EFL reading and grammar programme that was designed in 2002 for a group of 12 to 14-year olds (6th and 7th graders) whose English levels varied from almost nil to semiconversational. Multi-levels of English in any given group present a considerable challenge to either the EFL or ESL teacher, needless to say. More than one of these students exhibited evidence of a learning disability, not only in L2 but in L1 as well. F...

  4. Services quality in a Turkish pension Company

    Nguyen, Thi Ngoc Dung; Nguyen, Thi Thanh Thuy,; Aygen, Ferzan Kanat

    2008-01-01

    A study on a Turkish Pension Company to find out customers' perception about services quality regarding to five dimensions in Rater model (reliablitity, assurance, tangibility, sympathy and responsiveness); from result of this study, the company can improve its services quality.

  5. Competitive Conditions In The Turkish Banking Industry

    Ozgur Ozmen Uysal

    2001-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to investigate the competitive conditions in the Turkish banking industry on the period between 1983 and 1996 by applying a new method previously applied to the U.S. and Canadian banking industries. The Turkish banking system experienced substantial changes as a result of the deregulation in the 1980s. Most restrictions on interest rates, market entry, and exchange rates were eliminated, and the number of national private and foreign banks increased. This numeri...

  6. Lower extremity alignment normogram of Turkish population

    Sezen, Sedat; Kuyurtar, Fehmi; ERDOGAN, Murat; Karaoglanoglu, Mustafa

    2004-01-01

    Extremity alignment normogram is useful in planning arthroplasty, osteotomy and treatment of fracture and malunion. The aim of this study is to get a lower extremity alignment normogram of Turkish population. Lower extremity plain radiographs of a hundred healthy volunteer are obtained and 21 parameters are measured in each of them. Results are statistically analyzed. Mechanical factors depending on aging, alters lower extremity alignment normogram parameters in Turkish population. When lower...

  7. Hiperkitap: A Turkish E-book Database

    S. Katipoglu

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to describe Hiperkitap, the first and only Turkish e-book database in Turkey. The paper starts with a brief overview of the developmental stages of the e-book database under the local market conditions in Turkey. This developmental period includes the establishment of relationships with publishers, authors, the publishers’ association of Turkey, computer companies, information designers and librarians. Content provision under Turkish and E.U. copyright laws is a m...

  8. Customer Complaint Behaviors in Turkish Airline Industry

    Güreş, Nuriye; Arslan, Seda; BAKAR, Zeynep KOCAGÖZ

    2013-01-01

    Of late years in Turkey, the number of passengers who prefers air transportation has been increasing expeditiously. In that case, understanding the wants, satisfaction levels and complaining behaviors of passengers has been obligatory for airline companies. Therefore in this study, Turkish passengers’ complaining behaviors and Turkish-oriented airlines’ service recovery efforts toward those complaints have been searched. The study results indicated that most of the passengers have experienced...

  9. Information Retrieval Effectiveness of Turkish Search Engines

    Bitirim, Yıltan; Tonta, Yaşar; Sever, Hayri

    2002-01-01

    This is an investigation of information retrieval performance of Turkish search engines with respect to precision, normalized recall, coverage and novelty ratios. We defined seventeen query topics for Arabul, Arama, Netbul and Superonline. These queries were carefully selected to assess the capability of a search engine for handling broad or narrow topic subjects, exclusion of particular information, identifying and indexing Turkish characters, retrieval of hub/authoritative pages, stemming o...

  10. Does Nationality Matter? The Impact of Stereotypical Expectations on Student Teachers' Judgments

    Glock, Sabine; Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine

    2013-01-01

    In Germany, Turkish students are overrepresented on lowest school tracks. Research has provided evidence that stereotypical expectations can color judgments. We experimentally investigated whether student information that strongly confirmed or disconfirmed Turkish stereotypical expectations led to student teachers' judgments that were biased…

  11. The Investigation of Activities in the Sixth Class of Elementary School in Turkish Study Course Book in Terms of Critical Thinking

    Elif Emine BALTA

    2008-01-01

    In this study the questions in the sixth elementary education class' Turkish work books, if the students who are about to step into abstract process term aimed to critical thinking or not, has been evaluated by the connection between Bloom taxonomy and critical thinking. In this research, theoretical infrastructure about critical thinking has been constituted by connected to aim of the research. The questions included Turkish work book activities, subject evaluation quesitons and main subject...

  12. New player on the scene: Turkish engagement in Africa

    Rudincová Kateřina

    2014-01-01

    Turkey’s engagement in Africa is connected to the ideological shift of Turkish government during the era of Justice and Development Party and its redirection from the Western-centred to the more diversified foreign policy. Turkish policy in Africa has two dimensions: first one is promoted by the official representation of the State, and the second is performed mainly by civil sector of Turkish society, the business organisation as well as various NGOs. This paper examines Turkish involvement ...

  13. Scientific Items in Cyprus Turkish Tales

    Sevilay Atmaca

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Folk literature, which is a production of daily life experiences transferred from mouth to mouth, encompasses many types such as epic, legend, folk poetry, mania, laments, songs, riddles, tales, folk story, anecdote, proverbs, idioms, rhymes, and etc. These products, which represent the oral tradition of the people, transfer numerous information regarding the life experiences, beliefs, and values of their communities to the next generation. Tales are more attractive since they depict extraordinary events and because of these characteristics they are very didactic. These are some reasons why tales have a very significant place in Turkish folk literature. People have documented tales successfully transferring from a nomadic life to a settled one. This study attempts to determine the scientific elements in Cyprus Turkish Tales, as sample in the scope of the Turkish Tales, through content analysis. Researchers in this study will examine the themes in the selected tales such as “Earth and Cosmos”, “Physical Event”, “Matter and Change”, and “Living Organisms and Life”. They will also provide a code-list according to the themes found in the tales. Researchers will do a content analysis in relation to the themes and code-listing activities in “Cyprus Turkish Tales” collected by Mustafa Gökçeoğlu, a well-known Cyprus Turkish folk literature writer. It is seen from the research that living organism and life (f: 25 and matter and change (f: 24 themes have very abundant coded. It is followed with an orderly physical events theme (f: 13 and earth and cosmos theme (f: 6. As a result, it is seen that in samples which are taken from Turkish Cypriot Tales, scientific items are widely used. It is believed that the results of the study will give different perspectives to Turkish Language, literature, science-technology, and classroom teacher providing them with interdisciplinary and rich materials.

  14. E-Learning Turkish Language and Grammar: Analyzing Learners' Behavior

    Georgalas, Panagiotis

    2012-01-01

    This study analyses the behavior and the preferences of the Greek learners of Turkish language, who use a particular e-learning website in parallel with their studies, namely: http://turkish.pgeorgalas.gr. The website offers free online material in Greek and English language for learning the Turkish language and grammar. The traffic of several…

  15. Music Education Department students attitudes towards “Turkish Music History” courseMüzik Eğitimi Anabilim Dalı öğrencilerinin “Türk Müzik Tarihi” dersinin işlenişine yönelik görüşleri

    Burçin Uçaner

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted in order to analyze the attitudes of second, third, and fourth grade students at the Faculty of Education, Department of Music Education towards the Turkish Music History course. Descriptive research methods with quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been adopted with an integrated approach. The sample group includes 871 second, third, and fourth students from Music Education Departments of  12 universities in Turkey. Data have been obtained via a Turkish Music History Course Attitude Scale which was developed by the researcher.According to the findings of the research, students have stated that factors such as the inadequacy of the way the course was given, the attitude of the lecturer, the number of topics covered, the insipidity of the classes, the inappropriateness of the location and time of the classes, and the difficulty of the exams are the main reasons that negatively affected their attitudes. Nevertheless, they have stated that they enjoyed learning about Turkish music that the course contributed to their general knowledge and culture, that they liked the topics and that the course makes a positive impact on other courses; and they have made various suggestions.ÖzetBu araştırma, Eğitim Fakültesi Müzik Eğitimi Anabilim Dalı 2., 3. ve 4. sınıf öğrencilerinin Türk Müzik Tarihi dersinin işlenişine yönelik görüşlerini belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırmada nitel boyutlu betimsel araştırma yöntemi kullanılmıştır.  Araştırmanın örneklem grubunu  Türkiye’deki 12 üniversitenin Eğitim Fakültesi Müzik Eğitimi Anabilim Dallarının 2., 3. ve 4. sınıflarında 2010-2011 eğitim öğretim yılında öğrenim gören toplam 871 öğrenci oluşturmaktadır. Araştırma ile ilgili veriler Uçaner (2011 tarafından geliştirilen Türk Müzik Tarihi Dersi Tutum Ölçeğiyle elde edilmiştir.Araştırmanın bulguları sonucunda öğrenciler, dersin işleniş y

  16. An analysis of textbooks on the Turkish language for 5thgrades in terms of critical thinking

    Mehmet Razgatlıoğlu

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted with the aim to determine to what extent 5th grade Turkish text books included critical thinking strategies. In the study, it was examined whether course books included 5 dimensions of cognitive strategies or not. In this study, qualitative and quantitative research designs were used together. Document review was used as qualitative data collection method and 22 texts in 5th Grade Turkish text books published by Ministry of National Education and a private publishing house taught in Province of Sakarya were reviewed. This data collection tool developed was applied to the texts in accordance with the concepts determined by three individual researchers and checking process of the concepts was performed. As a result of the research, it was concluded that the texts in 5th grade Turkish text books prepared by National Education Publishing House included the strategies for developing critical thinking skills of students more than the texts in 5th grade Turkish course books prepared by the private publishing house. In addition, it was seen that both National Education Publishing House and private publishing house did not include the critical t hinking dimensions to the required extent.

  17. The Turkish Adaptation of Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale: The Validity and Reliability Study

    Mustafa İLHAN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to adapt the Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale (ITIS by Abd-El-Fattah and Yates (2006 to Turkish and to investigate its psychometric properties. The study was conducted on four different samples which consisted of 689 students who studied different subjects at the Ziya Gokalp Faculty of Education, Dicle University, during the Fall Term of the 2012-2013 Academic Year. The findings on the linguistic equivalence indicated that the correlation between the items included in the Turkish and original form varied between .81 and .96. The factor analysis concluded that the Turkish version had a two-factor structure in parallel with the original one. As for the concurrent validity, the calculation of correlation between the ITIS and AGOS reported findings similar to the ones in the literature. The reliability coefficients were over .70 for both the entity theory and incremental theory. The item analysis reported that the corrected item total correlations ranged from .33 and .63 and the differences between the top and bottom 27% groups were significant for all the items included in the scale. All these findings suggest that the Turkish version of the ITIS is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used to measure university students’ beliefs about intelligence.

  18. The Assessment of Turkish Written Examination Questions Based on the Text in Accordance with the Barrett's Taxonomy

    Göçer, Ali

    2014-01-01

    In this study, Turkish text-based written examination questions posed to students in secondary schools were examined. In this research, document analysis method within the framework of the qualitative research approach was used. The data obtained from the documents consisting of written examination papers were analyzed with content analysis…

  19. Intercultural Communication Skills among Prospective Turkish Teachers of German in the Context of the Comparative Country Knowledge Course

    Basbagi, R. Ragip

    2012-01-01

    This study develops and provides a sample implementation of a seminar for the "Comparative Country Knowledge" course taught in the German Language Teaching departments of Turkish universities. The study was conducted with the participation of forty-seven 1st year students attending a German Language Teaching department. As part of the study,…

  20. The Children of Guest Workers: Comparative Analysis of Scholastic Achievement of Pupils of Turkish Origin throughout Europe

    Pasztor, Adel

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the integration of Turkish labour migrant children in four countries across Europe in terms of their educational performance. By looking at the PISA 2003 (Programme for International Student Assessment) data pertaining to mathematics achievement of 15-year-olds, it explores the effects of ethnicity, gender and family…

  1. The children of guest workers: Comparative analysis of scholastic achievement of pupils of Turkish origin throughout Europe

    A. Pásztor

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the integration of Turkish labour migrant children in four countries across Europe in terms of their educational performance. By looking at the PISA 2003 (Programme for International Student Assessment) data pertaining to mathematics achievement of 15-year-olds, it explores the e

  2. A Cross-Cultural Comparative Study of Uses and Perceptions of Technology in Education among Turkish and US Undergraduates

    Tekinarslan, Erkan; Kennedy, Eugene; Nicolle, Pamela S.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate differences and similarities among United States (US) and Turkish university students in technology ownership, uses of technology for academic purposes, perceived importance of technology, and preferences for technology in education. The EDUCAUSE Center for Analytics and Research (ECAR) undergraduate…

  3. TECHNOLOGY RELATED EXPECTATIONS OF TURKISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNERS AT HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY

    Mahir KALFA

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Aside from ‘lingua franca’ of the current age, technology enhanced language learning is stil in its infancy for the less commonly taught languages. Hacettepe TOMER has been teaching Turkish as a foreign/second language to the exchange students for several years though; technology related expectations of the language learners have never been precisely determined. The current study, as an action research of which the institution would benefit from, aimed to explore the language learners’ technology related expectations. The sample of the study is 17 foreigner students attending Turkish as a second language programs with different native languages. The data were gathered through a questionnaire form developed by the researchers and a thorough literature review. The results revealed that HUTOMER should enhance their technologic facilities and improve the quality of the language education provided at the institution because participants do expect more multimedia resources during their language education. Suggestions were made for further research.

  4. Investigation of Performance Task Studies Applied by Turkish Teachers for the Purpose of Consolidation and Evaluation

    Ali GÖÇER

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the applications of task performance as they are used to determine the status of the development in process and acquire the senior mental, linguistic, and social skills of students in secondary school Turkish lessons. In this study which adapted action research design in qualitative research approach, the data were obtained through interviews and document analysis method. The study was conducted on a study group consisting of 13 Turkish teachers. The data were obtained using the main form of the interview as a means of data collection. Additionally, were collected as examined document that products made by the task performance of students. The data were examined with content analysis method. According to the results of the data, almost all of the teachers in the study group have implemented performance tasks in accordance with the decisions of branch and the curriculum of the course.

  5. A Comparing of Body Composition Components in Physically Active and Inactive Male Students of Sharoud University of Technology

    Mehdi Broghani

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study is to investigate the body mass indexes and physical activities of 11-14 year -old adolescent boys in Khooshab.Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 300 male students aging 11-14 years old in Khooshab (2009. Subjects were selected via random sampling. Underweight, overweight and obesity were defined based on the 5th, 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index (BMI for age and sex, respectively, as proposed by CDC, 2000. Physical activity levels were assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ. Sedentary behaviors and socioeconomic status of subjects were assessed by means of a researcher- made questionnaire.Results: The overall prevalence of underweight and overweight-obesity was 16% and 3.38%, respectively. The levels of light; intermediate, and heavy physical activity among the obese subjects were 19, 24 and 15, among normal subjects were 19, 44, and 36, and among the lean ones were 22, 60 and 41 mins in 24 hours. Physical activity levels significantly were lower (P<0.01 in overweight-obese subjects than in normal-weight and underweight subjects. Television watching times were higher (P<0.05 in overweight-obese subjects than normal-weight subjects. Education levels of parents were significantly higher in overweight-obese subjects than normal-weight subjects.Conclusion: we concluded that prevalence of underweight was higher than prevalence overweight and obesity among 11-14 year-old adolescent boys in Khooshab. Furthermore, physical activity was not related to body mass index and increase in sedentary behaviors (television waticng were related with obesity and overweight in our subjects.

  6. AHMET YESEVI AND HACI BEKTAŞ VELI IN TURKISH THEATRE

    Abdullah ŞENGÜL

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Among the subjects of Turkish theatre of Republic, there are Mevlâna, Yunus Emre, Hacı Bektaş Veli, Hodja Ahmed Yesevî and Ghazi dervishes who came to Anatolia for doing conquest of heart. In this dramas mostly the elements like “love, tolerance, good moral, friendship” are emphasized. Turkish misticals are quite wealthy sources in point of bringing in life philosophy to the Turkish human. Turkish theatre writers wants to benefit from these names of Turkish culture.

  7. First Stage in the Construction of METU Turkish English Exam Corpus (METU TEEC)

    Hatipoğlu, Çiler

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents and discusses the first stages in the construction of the Middle East Technical University Turkish English Exam Corpus (METU TEEC), which has been compiled by a research team at Middle East Technical University (METU), Ankara, Turkey. The corpus consists of 1914 Linguistics and ELT exam papers (955483 words in total) written in timed circumstances with no access to reference material by the students at the Foreign Language Education (FLE) department at METU, Ankara between...

  8. A STUDY TO DEVELOP A SCALE TO EXAMİNE TURKISH COURSE BOOKS

    2012-01-01

    Course books are among the primary instructional materials that teachers use in the lessons. They are the closest resources which students can have recourse to anytime when it is necessary, apart from their teachers and families, and whose activities they can go over by themselves. In the present study, a valid and reliable tool for measurement with which teachers and other related parties can examine the efficiency of internal and external qualities of the Turkish course books has been devel...

  9. Comparisive Adaptation of Erikson Psychosocial Stage Inventories to Turkish Culture: Primary Results

    ÖZGÜNGÖR, Sevgi; ACUN KAPIKIRAN, Necla

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was two-folded. The first aim of the study was to compare the statistical properties of two widely used questionnaires to test Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages of Development, namely EPSI and MEPSI, in order to determine their reliability and validity for Turkish university students. The second purpose of the study was to determine the value of Erikson’s Psychological Stages to predict university students’ self efficacy beliefs. According to the data collected from 636 ...

  10. Characteristics of effective EFL teachers from the perspective of Turkish EFL learners

    BAYTUR, BURÇİN; Razı, Salim

    2015-01-01

    EFL teachers’ characteristics may change due to several factors including personality of teachers and the methods that they follow. This paper aimed to investigate the perceptions of young learners about the characteristics of effective English language teachers. In this respect, 100 students were delivered Turkish version of an inventory that developed by Yu-Hsin (1999). It consisted of three different parts regarding personal, professional, and pedagogical qualities. The results indicated t...

  11. A Research Regarding the Listening Types Used in Secondary School Turkish Work Books

    Esra LÜLE MERT

    2013-01-01

    Listening skills are an important part of communication and listening skills appropriate to the activities to be developed. Listening to the students often Ex-pressed in theory , this theoretical knowledge to transform behavior is seen to be a systematic effort . Listening skills also need to be developed originally acquired in anatural environment . Educational environment is also obliged to provide this development . Turkish education and training to ensure the development of listening skil...

  12. DEVOLOPING A SURVEY ON 6TH GRADE STUDENTS’ AWARENESS OF LISTENING SKILLS IN TURKISH CLASSES

    Abdullah ŞAHİN; AYDIN, Gülnur

    2009-01-01

    In this study it is aimed to build up a measurement for finding out 6th grade students’ awareness of listening skills in Turkish classes (In other words, how they find themselves about their listening skills).Sample group is taken from 4 primary public schools of Ministry of National Education in Erzurum, consisting of 6th grade students from different socio-economical groups. Components of the scale is reflected as Likert Type scale (always, often, sometimes, never). After the findings from...

  13. The Turkish Adaptation of Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale: The Validity and Reliability Study

    İlhan, Mustafa; Bayram ÇETİN

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to adapt the Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale (ITIS) by Abd-El-Fattah and Yates (2006) to Turkish and to investigate its psychometric properties. The study was conducted on four different samples which consisted of 689 students who studied different subjects at the Ziya Gokalp Faculty of Education, Dicle University, during the Fall Term of the 2012-2013 Academic Year. The findings on the linguistic equivalence indicated that the correlation between the items ...

  14. Tagging and Morphological Disambiguation of Turkish Text

    Oflazer, K; Oflazer, Kemal; Kuruoz, Ilker

    1994-01-01

    Automatic text tagging is an important component in higher level analysis of text corpora, and its output can be used in many natural language processing applications. In languages like Turkish or Finnish, with agglutinative morphology, morphological disambiguation is a very crucial process in tagging, as the structures of many lexical forms are morphologically ambiguous. This paper describes a POS tagger for Turkish text based on a full-scale two-level specification of Turkish morphology that is based on a lexicon of about 24,000 root words. This is augmented with a multi-word and idiomatic construct recognizer, and most importantly morphological disambiguator based on local neighborhood constraints, heuristics and limited amount of statistical information. The tagger also has functionality for statistics compilation and fine tuning of the morphological analyzer, such as logging erroneous morphological parses, commonly used roots, etc. Preliminary results indicate that the tagger can tag about 98-99\\% of the...

  15. Innovative Constructions in Dutch Turkish: An Assessment of Ongoing Contact-Induced Change

    Dogruoz, A. Seza; Backus, Ad

    2009-01-01

    Turkish as spoken in the Netherlands (NL-Turkish) sounds "different" (unconventional) to Turkish speakers in Turkey (TR-Turkish). We claim that this is due to structural contact-induced change that is, however, located within specific lexically complex units copied from Dutch. This article investigates structural change in NL-Turkish through…

  16. Modelling and forecasting Turkish residential electricity demand

    This research investigates the relationship between Turkish residential electricity consumption, household total final consumption expenditure and residential electricity prices by applying the structural time series model to annual data over the period from 1960 to 2008. Household total final consumption expenditure, real energy prices and an underlying energy demand trend are found to be important drivers of Turkish residential electricity demand with the estimated short run and the long run total final consumption expenditure elasticities being 0.38 and 1.57, respectively, and the estimated short run and long run price elasticities being -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. Moreover, the estimated underlying energy demand trend, (which, as far as is known, has not been investigated before for the Turkish residential sector) should be of some benefit to Turkish decision makers in terms of energy planning. It provides information about the impact of past policies, the influence of technical progress, the impacts of changes in consumer behaviour and the effects of changes in economic structure. Furthermore, based on the estimated equation, and different forecast assumptions, it is predicted that Turkish residential electricity demand will be somewhere between 48 and 80 TWh by 2020 compared to 40 TWh in 2008. - Research highlights: → Estimated short run and long run expenditure elasticities of 0.38 and 1.57, respectively. → Estimated short run and long run price elasticities of -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. → Estimated UEDT has increasing (i.e. energy using) and decreasing (i.e. energy saving) periods. → Predicted Turkish residential electricity demand between 48 and 80 TWh in 2020.

  17. Turkish Children's Drawing of Nature in a Certain Way: Range of Mountains in the Back, the Sun, Couple of Clouds, a River Rising from the Mountains

    Ulker, Riza

    2012-01-01

    This study reveals that Turkish kindergarten through 8th Grade (K-8) students draw nature pictures in a certain way; range of mountains in the background, a sun, a couple of clouds, a river rising from the mountains. There are similarities in the K-8 students' nature drawings in the way these nature items are organized on a drawing paper. We…

  18. Firm Based Trade Models and Turkish Economy

    Nilüfer ARGIN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Among all international trade models, only The Firm Based Trade Models explains firm’s action and behavior in the world trade. The Firm Based Trade Models focuses on the trade behavior of individual firms that actually make intra industry trade. Firm Based Trade Models can explain globalization process truly. These approaches include multinational cooperation, supply chain and outsourcing also. Our paper aims to explain and analyze Turkish export with Firm Based Trade Models’ context. We use UNCTAD data on exports by SITC Rev 3 categorization to explain total export and 255 products and calculate intensive-extensive margins of Turkish firms.

  19. AN EVALUATION ABOUT COMPARATIVE TURKISH DIALECTS DICTIONARY

    KORAŞ, Hikmet

    2013-01-01

    After the Divanu Lughati't-Türk of Kaşgarlı operation of the first comparative dictionary is studying of Radloff Opıt Slovarya Tyurkskih Nareçiy (Trial of Turkish Dialects Dictionary). The first comparative dictionary work done in Turkey Hüseyin Kazım Kadri, at 1927 the first two volumes of the work of Turk Lugati and in the other two volumes published in the 1940s. Although very essential for Turkey and Turkish world there has not been a comparative dictionary study in Turkey until 1991.At 1...

  20. Discourse of Mobbing in Turkish Press

    Ece Karadoğan Doruk

    2011-01-01

    Mobbing (Psychological violence in working place) has been researched especially by the scientists making researches in organizational communication for last 20-25 years. In Turkey, mobbing concept is a newer research field. In this study, how the news regarding mobbing has been given in Turkish press will be analyzed with Van Dijk‟s discourse analysis.How the news regarding mobbing has taken place in Turkish press will be analyzed by applying Van Dijk‟s discourse analysis. From the year of 1...

  1. Factors Influencing International Students' Choice to Study in Turkey and Challenges They Experience in Turkey

    Özoglu, Murat; Gür, Bekir S.; Coskun, Ipek

    2015-01-01

    Turkey is increasingly becoming a regional hub for international students. The number of international students in Turkish universities has grown by almost 300% in the last decade. The current internationalization efforts of the Turkish government and universities have the potential to make Turkey an even more attractive destination for…

  2. Acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early childhood

    Zeliha Yazıcı

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available In this empirical study focuses on acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early   childhood. The population of the study includes bilingual children at the age of 5 – 6 living in Turkey/Antalya. The sampling of the study consisted of 40 Russian-Turkish bilingual children in total. (20 children are for control group and 20 children are for experiment group. During the collection of data have been used Descoeudres Dictionary Test (DDT and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT.  Both of the groups were applied pre test and post test.  Language – Focused Curriculum (LFC was applied to experiment group for 16 weeks. Two factor ANOVA and t test were used in the analyses of data.  As a conclusion, it was understood that LFC is effective at developing Turkish receptive, expressive language and mean length of utterance of bilingual children

  3. Acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early childhood

    Zeliha Yazıcı

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available In this empirical study focuses on acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early childhood. The population of the study includes bilingual children at the age of 5 – 6 living in Antalya/Turkey. The sampling of the study consisted of 40 Russian-Turkish bilingual children in total (20 children are for control group and 20 children are for experiment group. During the collection of data have been used Descoeudres Dictionary Test (DDT and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT. Both of the groups were applied pre test and post test. Language – Focused Curriculum (LFC was applied to experiment group for 16 weeks. Two factor ANOVA and t test were used in the analyses of data. As a conclusion, it was understood that LFC is effective at developing Turkish receptive and expressive language of bilingual children.

  4. OGUZ TURKISH ELEMENTS IN KARAY TURKISH / KARAY TÜRKÇESİNDE OĞUZCA UNSURLAR

    Dr. Selma GÜLSEVİN

    2007-01-01

    Karai dialect belong to the Kipchak group of Turkish. However, the dialect has some Oguz features. In this article, the Oguz features that Karai dialect has have been studied in terms of "phonetics", "morphology", and "vocabulary".

  5. LEOPOLD LEVY AS AN ARTIST AND ART TEACHER AND HIS EFFECT ON TURKISH PAINTING

    Meliha YILMAZ

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Leopold Levy, a French painter who was invited to our county in the framework of the academic Reforms, worked as the head of painting department of the art academy between 1937 and 1949. Forty paintings of Leopold Levy, who assumed an important duty in a certain the period of Turkish art and art teaching, whose visual works are scarcely seen in the national literature, belonging to Ünal-Ceyda Göğüş collection painted between 1920 and 1966, were exhibited in the TUYAP 2014 24th international art fair artist. This paper is related to the general evaluation of the paintings in the exhibition. Levy, who worked for the establishment of the Arts and Sculpture museum upon the request of Atatürk played an important role in the acquisition of the art pieces of Bonnard, Derain, Marquet, Segonzea, Braque, Matisse and Dufy. He established the mosaics work shop in the academy and contributed to the enrichment of the art library and published so many Articles in various journal and news-papers, submitted Presentations in various conferences and opened individual exhibitions made a great Contribution for the development of the medium of art in Turkey and played an important role in the training of so many artists in Turkish painting. Levy, who attached an utmost Importance upon individually tried constantly to promote the personality of the students. Levy, who never denied the western style understanding of art had an important role in the germination of a new art concept in Anatolia, assumed an important duty in the training of a new generation of artists who had an important role in the development of Contemporary Turkish Painting (the news. Levy, who lived in Paris after he left the country remained as a friend of the Turkish people and supported the Turkish artists who came to Paris till the end of feeling life

  6. The Adaptation of the Adolescent Food Habit Checklist to the Turkish Adolescents.

    Inci Arikan

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adolescent Food Habit Checklist (AFHC is an instrument designed to measure eating behaviours of adolescents. The aim of the study was to adapt AFHC for the Turkish cultural settings and evaluate its� reliability and construct validity. Methods: Forward and backward translations were carried out and Turkish version of the AFHC was generated. AFHC was administered to 347 students attending second grade primary school. Validity and reliability analyses were used for the assessment of the study data. Results: Four item with the inter-item correlation below 0,2 was eliminated from Turkish version of AFHC. The final instrument consist of 19 items, evaluating consumption of sugar (4 item, fat (6 item, fruit-vegetable (6 item, carbohydrate and fast food (2 item and general diet (1 item. The inter-item correlation of these items were between 0,21 and 0,46. The instrument was internally consistent, with Cronbach's alpha-coefficients of 0,718. There was positive correlation with test-retest reliability ( r=0.854; p<0.001. AFHC scale score of obese, overweight adolescents were (8,74±4,03 lower than normal weight (10,53±3,39 adolescents ( p=0.003. Boys (9.22±3.46 had lower scale scores than girls (11.18±3.42 ( p<0.001 demonstrating construct validity. Conclusions: The Turkish version of AFHC questionnaire is reliable and valid measure evaluating Turkish adolescents eating behaviours. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(1.000: 49-56

  7. THE TURKISH-ISRAELI RELATIONS UNDER THE DAVUTOĞLU DOCTRINE IN TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY

    KASAPOĞLU, Dr. Can

    2012-01-01

    Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Turkey and the State of Israel are at an historic low. Though the trajectory of the relationship over the last half century is characterized by consistent fluctuations, never has the shift been so steep and so sudden. Although the "flotilla crisis" (Mavi Marmara) of May / June 2010, when Israel did a tragic mistake by targeting Turkish civilians, was the catalyst for the breakdown in relations, a nuanced understanding of Turkish foreign p...

  8. PROPOSALS OF ACTIVITIES FOR IMPROVING TURKISH SPEAKING SKILLS OF 6th-8th GRADE STUDENTS - 6-8 SINIF ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN TÜRKÇE KONUŞMA BECERİLERİNİ GELİŞTİRMEYE YÖNELİK ETKİNLİK ÖNERİLERİ

    Mehmet Nuri KARDAŞ

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Speech is an important and effective means of communication needed for self-fulfilment in man's social life. This form of communication has become increasingly important issue each passing day in terms of regulation of the relationships with people through the ages of man, effecting of persons each other, being a nation, in every kind of interaction with other nations. Today, this importance has increased considerably due to the spread of the mass media related to advancing technology. In this sense, starting from pre-school education to all levels of education, regulating different, rich, enjoyable speaking activities is a need in order to gain students effective speaking skills. In the research implemented qualitative research method, document scanning technique has been used. Domestic and foreign studies have been analysed through document scanning method in literature. With the help of these studies, samples of original activities have been tried to be prepared. In this study, 13 samples of activities have been developed to improve speaking skills Turkish Education program (2006 considering the objectives and acquisitions. Developed activities are named as follows in relation to the content: 1. Fan, 2. Flag on You, 3. I'm in Parliament, 4. I'm the Announcer, 5. From region to region, 6. Take the Microphone, 7. Voice Record of Mine, 8. Intonation Game, 9. Speaking Bell Glass, 10. Imagination Chair, 11. With Whom We Are this week ?, 12. I'm Marketer, 13. It's your turn.

  9. Turkish Compulsory Earthquake Insurance (TCIP)

    Erdik, M.; Durukal, E.; Sesetyan, K.

    2009-04-01

    Through a World Bank project a government-sponsored Turkish Catastrophic Insurance Pool (TCIP) is created in 2000 with the essential aim of transferring the government's financial burden of replacing earthquake-damaged housing to international reinsurance and capital markets. Providing coverage to about 2.9 Million homeowners TCIP is the largest insurance program in the country with about 0.5 Billion USD in its own reserves and about 2.3 Billion USD in total claims paying capacity. The total payment for earthquake damage since 2000 (mostly small, 226 earthquakes) amounts to about 13 Million USD. The country-wide penetration rate is about 22%, highest in the Marmara region (30%) and lowest in the south-east Turkey (9%). TCIP is the sole-source provider of earthquake loss coverage up to 90,000 USD per house. The annual premium, categorized on the basis of earthquake zones type of structure, is about US90 for a 100 square meter reinforced concrete building in the most hazardous zone with 2% deductible. The earthquake engineering related shortcomings of the TCIP is exemplified by fact that the average rate of 0.13% (for reinforced concrete buildings) with only 2% deductible is rather low compared to countries with similar earthquake exposure. From an earthquake engineering point of view the risk underwriting (Typification of housing units to be insured, earthquake intensity zonation and the sum insured) of the TCIP needs to be overhauled. Especially for large cities, models can be developed where its expected earthquake performance (and consequently the insurance premium) can be can be assessed on the basis of the location of the unit (microzoned earthquake hazard) and basic structural attributes (earthquake vulnerability relationships). With such an approach, in the future the TCIP can contribute to the control of construction through differentiation of premia on the basis of earthquake vulnerability.

  10. Structure and meaning features of the root verbs in Turkish

    Mehmet Gedizli

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Turkish is a rich language in terms of verb types and words. This research is limited to Turkish spoken in Turkey, and its verb roots. Turkish dictionary of Turkish Language Association (2011 is the main source of this study. This study was prepared by taking into account of written, audio and visual resources during the period of Turkish spoken in Turkey. From basic education to university education, this dictionary is one of the most important sources of Turkish lessons. Within this framework, the verb roots that are in the dictionary have been accepted as Turkish spoken in Turkey’s verb roots and study field were established.The number of verb roots which wasn’t encountered in any source, including Turkish language grammar books previously, were determined in this study and these verb roots were classified in terms of structure and meaning. In terms of structure, the verb roots consist of at least two sounds at most six sounds but among these verb roots three-and four-sounded ones are outnumbered. And also in terms of their meaning features single and multi meaning verb roots are determined. In addition to this, this study focuses on the mental verb roots which have also drawn attention on them by the recently done Turkish researches and emphasized on the root verbs. This study was carried out on the basis of common methods in Turkish studies, but in the objective and outcome parts the lack of Turkish course books and teaching Turkish verb roots are emphasized. Verb type words in general in all languages but in particularly in Turkish form the staff of the basic words of Turkish language. In terms of Turkish which is an agglutinative language, affixes are as important as word roots. Turkish language that is rich in affixes and roots has a productive character. Attention was taken to this aspect of Turkish with the help of verb roots All in all, the subject of this study deserves to be highlighted in many ways. Besides providing new

  11. Türkiye’deki Üniversitelerin Türk Dili ve Edebiyatı Bölümü 4. Sınıf Öğrencilerinin Türkoloji Kavramına İlişkin Algıları Perception Of The Turkology Concept Among Fourth Grade Students Of The Departments Of Turkish Language And Literature In The Unıversities In Turkey

    Serdar YAVUZ

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The Turkology, having been developed from the point of view ofEast, Islam and linguistic researches in the Europe of the 19 thcentury, has been, in the present, a science which searches whateverexists related to The Turks. Since the Turkologists, particularly in theearly periods, have been concentrated on linguistic researches andutilized the point of view and methods of it, the Turkology has only beenconceptually identified with the Turkish Language. The Turkology, asthe effect of these studies, has been perceived as the Turkish language.The purpose of this study is to reveal the perceptions of the fourthgrade students in the department of Turkish Language and Literaturein Turkish universities via metaphors they develop. The working groupof the study consists of 320 students studying in the departments ofTurkish Language and Literature of seven universities in sevengeographical regions (Marmara Region, Aegan Region, MediterraneanRegion, Central Anatolia Region, Eastern Anatolia Region, SouthEastern Anatolia Region inside the borders of the Turkish Republic.The data of the study has been obtained by each student completing thesentence: “Turkology is like ..., because...”. In the phase of dataanalysis, a technique of contents analysis, which can associate with therelations and concepts that are capable of explaining the data, has beenused. As a result of the research it is detected that % 87 of students offourth class Turkish Language and Literature Departments have apositive perception, % 11,4 of them have negative perception and % 0,9of them have both positive and negative perception about the termTurkology. Students having positive perception develop the areas ofadding value, discipline, research; students having negative perceptionsdevelop scientific lackness, work job anxiety, negative conduct; studentshaving both negative and positive perception develop metaphors underthe name of both positive and negative code. 19. yüzyıl Avrupa

  12. The many faces of Turkish Odessa

    Skvirskaja, Vera

    between Turkish newcomers and various Turkic-speaking groups in the area both create different and overlapping “ecumenical communities” and actualize long-forgotten connections or marginal historical visions. These migrants also generate important links to the area through marriage and intimate relations...

  13. Conflict Management Styles of Turkish Managers

    Ozkalp, Enver; Sungur, Zerrin; Ozdemir, Aytul Ayse

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine Turkish managers conflict styles in different sectors, namely durable consumer goods, aviation, automotive and banking. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 130 managers conflict management styles were assessed by applying the Rahim's 1983 Organizational Conflict Inventory-II. Findings: First,…

  14. The many faces of Turkish Odessa

    Skvirskaja, Vera

    2014-01-01

    between Turkish newcomers and various Turkic-speaking groups in the area both create different and overlapping “ecumenical communities” and actualize long-forgotten connections or marginal historical visions. These migrants also generate important links to the area through marriage and intimate relations...

  15. THE EFFECTS OF JIGSAW-IV TECHNIQUE ON THE FOREIGN STUDENTS LEARNING THE BASIC TENSES IN TURKISH - JIGSAW-IV TEKNİĞİNİN YABANCI ÖĞRENCİLERİN TÜRKÇEDEKİ TEMEL ZAMANLARI ÖĞRENMELERİ ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİSİ

    Fatma BÖLÜKBAŞ

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study has been conducted with the aim of identifying the effects of Jigsaw-IV technique, which is one of the cooperative learning techniques, on the students learning Turkish as a foreign language skill of learning basic tenses. To this study in which as an experimental pattern post-test control group pattern is used, 32 students consisting of 16 experimental and 16 control group students who learn Turkish as a foreign language at Istanbul University Language Center attended. While Jigsaw-IV technique is used in grammar activities of teaching basic tenses in the experimental group, in the control group traditional teaching methods are used. As teaching of basic tenses start from A1 level (present continuous tense and continue until the end of A2 level (simple past tense, future tense, reported past tense and simple present tense, this study lasted for 16 weeks in the grammar activities of basic tenses. The data of the study has been collected with “The Use of Present Continuous Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Simple Past Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Future Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Reported Past Tense Achievement Test”, and “The Use of Simple Present Tense Achievement Test” developed by the researcher. As a result of the study, it has been observed that in all tests in which basic tense knowledge of students is tested, the average achievement of the experimental group in which Jigsaw-IV technique is used is higher than the achievement of the control group. Bu çalışma, Jigsaw-IV tekniğinin yabancı dil olarak Türkçe öğrenen öğrencilerin Türkçedeki temel zamanları öğrenme becerileri üzerindeki etkisini belirlemek amacıyla yapılmıştır. Son-test kontrol gruplu modelin kullanıldığı bu çalışmaya, İÜ Dil Merkezi’nde yabancı dil olarak Türkçe öğrenen 32 öğrenci katılmıştır. Deney grubunda Jigsaw-IV tekniği kullanılırken; kontrol grubunda geleneksel

  16. Views of Turkish Language and Literature Teachers and Their Managers Related to Professional and Organizational Socialization Processes of Turkish Language and Literature Teachers

    Özbas, Mehmet; Arslan, M. Abdullah

    2016-01-01

    Teaching Turkish effectively and successfully is one of the main functions of all the teaching phases of Turkish education system. In secondary education, this duty mostly depends on Turkish Language and Literature teachers. The aim of the research named "Socialization of Turkish Language and Literature teachers" is to evaluate the…

  17. Report on the Turkish energy sector

    The government of Turkey has made a concerted effort to expand cooperation with energy-rich CIS countries, the Russian Federation, the Middle East and African countries in order to meet its growing energy demands. As an industrializing country with expanding energy-intensive industries, energy demand in Turkey is expected to double by the year 2010. To meet this demand, it is estimated that a total investment of $45 billion U.S. will be needed for power production facilities alone, and an additional $10 billion U.S. will be required for transmission and distribution facilities. The Turkish government is giving high priority to pipeline projects, as well as thermal (mostly gas-fired) and hydro electric power producing projects. The government also plans to add nuclear power to its generating capacity, even though the first nuclear power plant project is currently on hold. Foreign technology and capital is needed in order to address the problem of the energy deficit and save the Turkish economy from power shortages. It was noted that the success of the Turkish market will depend on the capabilities of investors to raise the required project financing. Several Canadian companies have participated in energy development projects in Turkey as consultants, engineers, equipment suppliers and contractors and have acquired a favourable image in the Turkish market. Real opportunities exist for Canadian companies to partner with local companies in the services for oilfield development, pipeline construction and power generation. The key for long term success for Canadian firms in the Turkish market will be to demonstrate a local presence and ensure effective monitoring of opportunities in project development

  18. The Effect of Turkish Folk Tales on Students’ Attitudes towards Human Values

    Mustafa TAHİROĞLU

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study, it is aimed to investigate the effect of values education-related activities through Turkish folk tales on 8th graders’ attitudes towards human values. For this purpose, some Turkish folk tales which concentrate on responsibility, friendship/companionship, peace, respect, tolerance and honesty were selected and taught in accordance with the methods of values education. An experimental pre-test – post-test control group design was used in the study. There were 22 students in the experimental group and 20 students in the control group. To collect the data, the "Human Values Scale" was administered. Independent-samples t tests were used to analyze the data. As a result, significant differences were found in favor of the experimental group [t(40=8.899, p<0.05]. According to this, values education-related activities through Turkish Folk tales had positive impact on 8th graders’ attitudes towards human values such as responsibility, friendship / companionship, peace, respect, tolerance and honesty.

  19. Short Turkish Version of Proactive Scale: A Study of Validity and Reliability

    Ahmet Akın

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Proactivity is the most popular concept of positive psychology in industrial and psychological area. Thus the aim of this research is to adapt the Short Version of Proactive Personality Scale with 10–item (Claes, Beheydt, & Lemmens, 2005 into Turkish and to examine its psychometric properties. The research was conducted on 332 university students. Results of language equivalency showed that the correlations between Turkish and English forms were ranged from .74 to .90. The corrected item-total correlations ranged from .52 to .66. Results of confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that the ten items loaded on one factor and the uni-dimensional model was well fit (x2= 47.91, df= 29, x2/df= 1,65, RMSEA= .044, NFI= .99, CFI= .99, IFI= .99, RFI= .97, GFI= .97, AGFI= .95, SRMR= .033. The internal consistency reliability coefficient of the scale was found as .86. Thus this scale is a valid and reliable instrument

  20. Psychometric properties of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale in a Turkish sample.

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Saçkes, Mesut; Tuckman, Bruce W

    2013-12-01

    A stepwise validation procedure was carried out to translate and develop a Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale. A total of 858 college students completed the Tuckman Procrastination Scale, the Academic Self-efficacy Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. Two items in the original scale loaded on a different factor and were removed from the measure. The 14-item scale had a one-factor solution as supported by subsequent confirmatory factor analysis. The Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale scores correlated negatively with academic self-efficacy and self-esteem scores. Overall results provided evidence for the validity and the reliability of the scale scores. PMID:24693816

  1. THE TRACES OF OLD TURKISH IN CHAGATAI TURKISH
    ÇAĞATAY TÜRKÇESİNDE ESKİ TÜRKÇENİN İZLERİ

    Filiz Meltem ERDEM UÇAR

    2011-01-01

    The works of Chagatai Turkish not only contains all features turning out Chagatai Turkish into a literary language but also it includes Oğuz and Kıpçak Turkish elements and Old Turkish phonetic and structural characteristics. While some language features of Uighur and Köktürk period become a characteristic feature of Chagatai Turkish, some of these features indicate a structural feature of archaic especially in the works of Chagatai Turkish. In this study, the language features of Old Turkish...

  2. Characterisation of Turkish fly ashes

    Bayat, O. [Cukurova University, Adana (Turkey). Mining Engineering Dept.

    1998-07-01

    The mineralogical, morphological, physical and chemical properties of 7 fly ashes from coal fields in Turkey are compared. The mineral matter in the fly ashes, determined by X-ray diffraction, is dominated by anhydride, lime, quartz and hematite + ferrite spinel. The three low-calcium ashes have the typical, relatively simple, crystalline phase Q, M, H and FS. The high-calcium fly ashes have the most complex assemblage of crystalline phases. The much higher calcium concentrations in these samples result in the formation of lime (CaO), melilite ((Ca, Na){sub 2}(Mg,Al,Fe)(Si,Al){sub 2}O{sub 7}) and merwinite. The presence of anhydride in all samples indicates that the high activity of calcium not only promotes the formation of sulfates from calcite but also the dehydration of gypsum during and after combustion, which occurs at temperatures above 400-500{degree}C. It is important to understand the interaction of high-calcium fly ashes with water occurring in Portland cement (C{sub 3}A,C{sub 2}S), Ah, which hydrates to give gypsum and lime, with the latter hydrating to give the Ca(OH){sub 2} solutions that promote pozzolonic reactions. Some of the particles comprised irregularly formed, vesicular particles with some well-formed individual spheres in Catalagzi and Tuncbilek fly ashes. About 55-80 wt% was less than 45 {mu}m in size for Yatagan, Soma, Yenikoy and Afsin-Elbistan fly ashes. The fly ashes were mainly composed of CaO, SiO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. They have a potential use in wastewater treatment since they can be easily obtained in large quantities at low price or even free. The chemical and mineralogical compositions of the high-calcium Turkish fly ashes investigated make them a good binding agent and a possible substitute for slags, pozzolana and gypsum in the amelioration of clinker. 53 refs., 10 figs., 5 tabs.

  3. CORPUS BASED GLANCE AT VOCABULARY IN TURKISH AND TURKISH CULTURE TEXTBOOKS - TÜRKÇE VE TÜRK KÜLTÜRÜ DERS KİTAPLARINDAKİ SÖZ VARLIĞINA DERLEM TEMELLİ BİR BAKIŞ

    İlhan ÇINAR

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available One on the most important components of the language development of bi-lingual students is the word acquisition. The main purpose in word acquisition is to provide bi-lingual students with basic communication skills without any difficulties. Frequency studies are among the most important sources to determine the words that the student needs. Therefore it is an important issue, whether frequency studies are considered while choosing the words in the text used for the bi-lingual students’ education, or not. In this study, it is analyzed whether “Dictionary of the Frequency of Turkish Written Words” is considered or not, while choosing the text used in language training. This study, which aims to analyze the words that create the texts, is a descriptive research. In this study is used the document scanning method. The results of the study show that there is a meaningful difference between the words used in the texts prepared for the bi-lingual Turkish students and the words used in the “Dictionary of the Frequency of Turkish Written Words”. According to the findings, it can be said that frequency word studies are not effectively used to make the students acquire the necessary vocabulary in order to provide the basic communication skills. Furthermore a qualified policy is not followed about the planning of the words to be taught.

  4. Turkish EFL Teachers’ Perceptions of English as a Lingua Franca

    Görsev İnceçay; Akyel, Ayşe S.

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the perceptions of; (1) Turkish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) teachers about ELF, (2) Turkish EFL teachers and teacher educators about the role of ELF on language teacher education. Data came from a questionnaire and semi-structured interviews. A hundred Turkish EFL teachers working at two universities in Istanbul responded to the questionnaire. Ten randomly selected EFL teachers and 10 teacher educators working in language teacher education depar...

  5. An essay upon the business cycle facts: the Turkish case

    Levent, Korap

    2006-01-01

    In our paper, we try to investigate the main determinants of the Turkish business cycles. Having examined some important issues of interest in business cycle theory, we estimate the business cycle stylized facts for the Turkish economy and compare the estimation results obtained in this paper to some benchmark papers chosen in business cycle literature. All in all, our estimation results give support to the importance of supply side models in explaining the Turkish business cycles in line wit...

  6. INSIDE CONTEMPORARY TURKISH LITERATURE: CONCERNS, REFERENCES AND THEMES

    Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ramazan GÜLENDAM

    2008-01-01

    This general critical inquiry into contemporary Turkishliterature is inclusive rather than exhaustive and focuses on a numberof concerns, themes and repeated references to Turkish socialrelations. After noting earlier developments in Turkish literature, thisarticle then proceeds to examine these repeated references, themes andconcerns of modern Turkish authors, poets and dramatists and theirtexts. Turks in other literature is another topic for consideration,followed by a final section that co...

  7. New player on the scene: Turkish engagement in Africa

    Rudincová Kateřina

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Turkey’s engagement in Africa is connected to the ideological shift of Turkish government during the era of Justice and Development Party and its redirection from the Western-centred to the more diversified foreign policy. Turkish policy in Africa has two dimensions: first one is promoted by the official representation of the State, and the second is performed mainly by civil sector of Turkish society, the business organisation as well as various NGOs. This paper examines Turkish involvement in Africa from various perspectives. It focuses on the economic, political as well as ideological role of Turkey in Africa.

  8. A Sign-Based Phrase Structure Grammar for Turkish

    Sehitoglu, O T

    1996-01-01

    This study analyses Turkish syntax from an informational point of view. Sign based linguistic representation and principles of HPSG (Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar) theory are adapted to Turkish. The basic informational elements are nested and inherently sorted feature structures called signs. In the implementation, logic programming tool ALE (Attribute Logic Engine) which is primarily designed for implementing HPSG grammars is used. A type and structure hierarchy of Turkish language is designed. Syntactic phenomena such a s subcategorization, relative clauses, constituent order variation, adjuncts, nomina l predicates and complement-modifier relations in Turkish are analyzed. A parser is designed and implemented in ALE.

  9. PARENTING AND SOCIAL ROLES IN TURKISH TRADITIONAL FAMILIES: ISSUES AND CHOICES IN PARENTING FOR TURKISH EXPATRIATE FAMILIES LIVING IN BUCHAREST

    Ahmet ECIRLI

    2012-01-01

    This article looks into the issues and challenges of parenting in Turkish families upholding traditional values that live in Bucharest, the capital of Romania. Based on theoretical mainstreams on parenting and the structure of Turkish families, a qualitative research was designed with two aims. The first was to describe the issues and choices in parenting for Turkish expatriate families living in a foreign country. The second was to find out to which of the three ideal-types of families accor...

  10. İlköğretim 5. Sınıf Türkçe Ders Kitabındaki Deyim Varlığının Öğrencilerin Alıcı Söz Varlığına Katkısı The Effect of Idioms in Primary Education 5. Grade Turkish Course Book on Students Receptive Vocabulary

    Mediha MANGIR

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The mother tongue is the first acquired language by individuals infamily and the society they born. While the family and inner circle areeffective in teaching mother tongue until the school age, by the way ofeducational institutions this teaching becomes more systematic.In Turkey primary schools are the leading institutions undertakesmother tongue teaching. These schools try to teach word attack skillsby predetermined programs and course books. According to PrimaryEducation Turkish program by means of the language education,students should have enough reading and listening skills to understandwhat they read and listen, and have enough speaking and writing skillsto express their needs, emotions and ideas.Turkish course book is an important means to develop student’slanguage skills. In Turkey for a lot of students writing activities islimited with texts in the course books. Thus the text in course booksshould represent Turkish vocabulary in every respect. The idioms,which express concepts and some certain situations withmetaphorically, are the intangible parts of the Turkish culture. Theseimportant components should be taught to children systematically.The 5. Grade students are regarded at the beginning of formaloperation as of cognitive development. This period is ideal to teachidioms and make these idioms permanent in their receptive vocabulary.But which idioms teach initially isn’t indicated obviously in TurkishCurriculum.In this study, ascertaining the idioms in Turkish course book(2012 and evaluation of them in terms of their being idiom process.Moreover the contribution of these idioms (according to their type totexts in Turkish course book will be discussed. Ana dili, bireyin içinde doğup büyüdüğü aile ya da toplum çevresinde ilk öğrendiği dildir. Ana dili öğretiminde aile ve yakın çevre okul çağına kadar etkili olurken, eğitim kurumları aracılığıyla ana dili öğretimi daha sistemli bir hâl al

  11. THE ASSESSMENT OF THE ATTITUDE TOWARD TARGET LANGUAGE OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS LEARNING TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN TURKEY IN TERM OF CERTAIN VARIABLES TÜRKİYE’DE TÜRKÇEYİ YABANCI DİL OLARAK ÖĞRENEN LİSE ÖĞRENCİLERİNİN HEDEF DİLE KARŞI TUTUMLARININ BAZI DEĞİŞKENLER AÇISINDAN İNCELENMESİ

    Ali GÖÇER

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to assessment in terms of certain variables the attitude connected with target language of the high school students who teaching Turkish as a foreign language. At the study was used Foreign Language Attitude Scale that was developed by Briem (1974 and was made validity and reliability by Corbin and Chiachiere (1995 as a data collection instrument. The scale has been translated into Turkish and alpha reliability coefficient of this scale has been found as .88. The participant are 314 students (from 27 countries who learning Turkish in Germirli İmam Hatip High School in Kayseri-Turkey. 314 students’ responses were studied. The data were analysed using means, standard deviation, Tukey and t-test. Also the success situation of the students was defined according to mean of marks in the Turkish Language at the end of semester. According to the space of 0-44 was accepted ‘not success’; the space of 45-100 was accepted ‘success’. This study showed that students’ who take Turkish as a foreign language attitude differ in term of nationality, the purpose of learning Turkish, and success status in Turkish language, but there is difference their degree. Bu araştırmanın amacı, Türkiye’de Türkçeyi yabancı dil olarak öğrenen yabancı uyruklu lise öğrencilerinin Türkçeye karşı tutumlarını bazı değişkenler açısından değerlendirmektir. Çalışmada veri toplama aracı olarak Briem (1974 tarafından geliştirilen Corbin & Chiachiere (1995 tarafından geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması yapılarak son şekli verilen Yabancı Dil Tutum Ölçeği kullanılmıştır. Ölçeğin Türkçeye çeviri yapılmış ve alpha güvenirlik katsayısı .88 olarak bulunmuştur. Araştırmaya Türkiye’de yabancı uyruklu öğrencilerin lise düzeyinde öğrenim gördüğü tek merkez olan Kayseri Germirli İmam Hatip Lisesine 27 ülkeden gelen 314 yabancı uyruklu öğrenci katılmıştır. Elde edilen veriler

  12. TEACHING TURKISH AS SPOKEN IN TURKEY TO TURKIC SPEAKERS - TÜRK DİLLİLERE TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİ ÖĞRETİMİ NASIL OLMALIDIR?

    Ali TAŞTEKİN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Attributing different titles to the activity of teaching Turkish to non-native speakers is related to the perspective of those who conduct this activity. If Turkish Language teaching centres are sub-units of Schools of Foreign Languages and Departments of Foreign Languages of our Universities or teachers have a foreign language background, then the title “Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language” is adopted and claimed to be universal. In determining success at teaching and learning, the psychological perception of the educational activity and the associational power of the words used are far more important factors than the teacher, students, educational environment and educational tools. For this reason, avoiding the negative connotations of the adjective “foreign” in the activity of teaching foreigners Turkish as spoken in Turkey would be beneficial. In order for the activity of Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers to be successful, it is crucial to dwell on the formal and contextual quality of the books written for this purpose. Almost none of the course books and supplementary books in the field of teaching Turkish to non-native speakers has taken Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers into consideration. The books written for the purpose of teaching Turkish to non-speakers should be examined thoroughly in terms of content and method and should be organized in accordance with the purpose and level of readiness of the target audience. Activities of Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers are still conducted at public and private primary and secondary schools and colleges as well as private courses by self-educated teachers who are trained within a master-apprentice relationship. Turkic populations who had long been parted by necessity have found the opportunity to reunite and turn towards common objectives after the dissolution of The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. This recent

  13. Turkish Independence War and its consequences

    Alexandru‑Nicolae Cucu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available At the end of the First World War, the Ottoman Empire collapsed and the Great Powers came to take the control of its territories. Having a strategic position at the southern gate of Europe, all of Turkish lands were very important for the First World War winners, both to secure European borders and to develop the trade between Europe and Middle East. On the other side, under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk command, a new Turkey with a strong nationalist way decided to fight for emancipating. Winning the war with the Great Powers not only in a military way, but also from a diplomatic perspective, the new Turkey became a modern regional power, having institutions and laws that assured its prosperity and security. Taking into consideration the independence war evolution, this paper wants also to show the diplomatic capability of Turkish leaders to balance between powers involved in the region.

  14. USAGE OF SYNONYM WORD IN OLD ANATOLIAN TURKISH MEDICAL HANDSCRIPTS AND SYNONYMITY IN TURKISH

    İlhan UÇAR

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Richness of languages evaluates by its vocabulary. Some of these words occures with synonyms, which have got same meanings. While investigating oldness of languages, the presence belongs to these language synonyms are also important. Some of synonyms as well taken from other languages. Presence of borrowed words in a language has importance in the way of the language history. Commercial, scientific, literary, etc. relations which are established with the other nations also reverberates to the presence of vocabulary. In the period of the Old Anatolian Turkish, works were given in many fields in addition to orientation of scientific work also as mentioned. Hand scripts in medicine subject point out in the works which proved by the influence of Anatolian Bey’s. Turkish Terms and their synonyms which used in these hand scripts had contributed to comprise Turkish scientific language.

  15. New Turkish Cinema – Some Remarks On The Homesickness Of The Turkish Soul

    Agnieszka Ayşen Kaim

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary cinematography reflects the dualism in modern Turkish society. The heart of every inhabitant of Anatolia is dominated by homesickness for his little homeland. This overpowering feeling affects common people migrating in search of work as well as intellectuals for whom Istanbul is a place for their artistic development but not the place of origin. The city and “the rest” have been considered in opposition to each other. The struggle between “the provincial” and “the urban” has even created its own film genre in Turkish cinematography described as “homeland movies”. They paint the portrait of a Turkish middle class intellectual on the horns of a dilemma, the search for a modern identity and a place to belong in a modern world where values are constantly shifting.

  16. Gini Decomposition by Gender :Turkish Case

    Kaya, Ezgi; Senesen, Umit

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to reveal the gender inequalities in income distribution for Turkey by using decomposition of Gini coefficient, a common income inequality measure. A new decomposition method, Dagum's approach for decomposition of the Gini coefficient is used in the study. In the analysis, the decomposition of the Gini coefficient by gender is applied to Turkish individuals twice. First Gini coefficient for total disposable income is decomposed to examine the gender disparities in ind...

  17. Trade-Growth Nexus: Turkish Case

    Akbay O. S.

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the role of international trade on the economic growth of Turkish economy for the period of 1998-2010. Augmented Dickey Fuller (ADF) and Phillips-Perron (PP) tests indicate that the variables of the study are stationary in their first differences. Granger causality and cointegration techniques were employed to test the direction of causality between gross domestic product, exports and imports. The results suggest that there is bidirectional causality re...

  18. Gulf of Antalya, Southern Turkish Coastline

    1984-01-01

    The historic and strategic southern Turkish coastline and Gulf of Antalya (37.0N, 31.0E) has, since ancient times, served as the classic land and sea invasion routes to the riches of the Near East as Persian, Greek, Roman and later European Crusader armies traveled the familiar routes of conquest. Even in modern times, this area is still the seat of political and military unrest as diverse cultural groups still strive for regional control.

  19. Turkish Text Retrieval Experiments Using Lemur Toolkit

    Yılmaz, Kutlu Emre; Arslan, Ahmet; Yilmazel, Ozgur

    2014-01-01

    We used Lemur Toolkit, an open source toolkit designed for Information Retrieval (IR) research, for our automated indexing and retrieval experiments on a TREC-like test collection for Turkish. We study and compare three retrieval models Lemur supports, especially Language modeling approach to IR, combined with language specific preprocessing techniques. Our experiments show that all retrieval models benefits from language specific preprocessing in terms of retrieval quality. Also Language Mod...

  20. Democracy education in Turkish Education System

    Mehmet Okutan

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to find out the reflection of legislation and practical samples of democracy education in school education of Turkish Education. Method of this study can be defined field study. For this purpose especially objectives, rules and  principles in legislation was examined then did observations in schools and try to find out how the practical applications reflected in democracy education in schools.  Results; although there are some expressions to carry out de...