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1

Prevalence of Obesity among 11-14 Years Old Students in Sivas-Turkey  

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Full Text Available This study was performed to find out the prevalence of obesity among 11-14 years old children in Sivas province. BMI values higher than 95 percentile were accepted as being obese and those in between 85-94 percentile are accepted as overweight. Of the 2701 students; 3.1% were found obese, while 7.5% were overweight, and 7.6 were underweight according to their BMI values. Underweight children among the age of 14 yrs old children was significantly higher than the others. Obesity among boys were significantly higher than in girls. Prevalence of obesity was found higher in the children of high-income families and among children who gobbling. Underweight subjects were significantly higher among children who don`t dine regularly and those who eat once a day. In conclusion; prevalence of obesity among children in Sivas is not high yet, and undernutrition seems to be a more serious problem than obesity.

Gulay Kocoglu

2003-01-01

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Assessing metaphor comprehension as a metasemantic ability in students from 9-to-14 years-old.  

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Full Text Available This article presents a test for assessing metaphor comprehension (MCT in explicit linguistic form for subjects aged 9- to 14 years-old, i.e. in a transitional age where significant qualitative changes appear for this type of ability. Metaphor is viewed as a form of semantic conflict induced by the anomalous combination of the conventional meanings of its main constituents - tenor and vehicle - and metaphor comprehension is framed as a metasemantic ability based on the analysis of these meanings (Gombert 1990, that can have implications both for teaching and for learning strategies.The authors propose a functionalist piagetian frame, based on Piaget’s latest equilibration model (1975, for analysing how this semantic conflict can be faced and solved by children in the developmental span considered. The test is paper-and-pencil, composed of 12 items subdivided into 2 groups of metaphors: Psycho-physical (PP and Conceptual (C, mainly drawn and adapted to Italian language from international literature on metaphor comprehension. The sample is composed of 874 Italian children from 4th to 8th grade, with gender balance, of average social background. By means of Principal Components Analysis, with oblimin rotation, a two-factor solution emerged, that espouses the C/PP metaphors distinction. All corrected item-total correlation coefficients >.30 were representative and acceptable. Correlation coefficients between MCT and Standard progressive Matrices (SPM38 and some validated metalinguistic subtests were all significant at p <0.01 level, showing good convergent validity. Cronbach’s Alpha coefficients for the two subscales were: .62 (C, .51 (PP and .70 for MCT total score. Test-retest correlation oefficients for the two subscales were .79 (C, .69 (PP, and .83 for MCT total score. Cohen’s Kappa coefficients for interrater reliability are: .75 (4th-5th, .74 (6th, .67 (7th, .81 (8th. A twofactor ANOVA (gender and age showed that the test is gender-sensitive in favour of females but that age is an even stronger factor, which underlines the developmental character of the test. Limitations and possible research developments are analysed in the Discussion.

Paolo Iliceto

2011-01-01

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A Study on prevalence of detofacial anomalies in 12 to 14 years old students inTehran  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of dentofacial anomalies in 12 to 14 years old students in Tehran."nThe sample consisted of 500 students. 250 of them were females and 250 were males. The evaluation of saggital skeletal relationships revealed tha 16% of samples had normal occlusion, 48% of them had CI I malocclusion, 15,6% had CI II Div I malocclusion, 12% of them had CI HI malocclnsion, 5.2% of them had CI. II Div 2 malocclusion and 3.2% of them had pseudo CI III malocclusion. The prevalence of other dentofacial anomalies obtained in this study are, crowding 40.6%, deepbite 27.2%, spacing 20.6%, mandibular deviation 19.4%, unilateral posterior crossbite 9.2%, anterior openbite 6.6%, posterior openbite 5.6%, asymmetry 1.6% and bilateral posterior crossbite 1.6%. The prevalence of dental anomalies in the sample population was as follws: rotated teeth 13.4%, malposed teeth 12.2%, teeth with large size 3.2%, malshaped teeth 2.4% and teeth with smal size 2%. A part from determining the total values mentioned, the prevalence of saggital relationships oral dentofacial anomalies was assessed separately in each of the female and the male samples.

Rashidi Birgani M

1998-09-01

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What Does Democracy Mean to 14-Year-Old Turkish Children? A Comparison with Results of the 1999 IEA Civic Education Study  

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The scores of Turkish students on the international tests such as TIMMS and PISA, which assess basic science concepts, reading and problem-solving abilities, are among the lowest. Although understanding the concept of democracy has been studied across the countries, it has not been clearly researched in Turkey. For this reason, the focus of this…

Doganay, Ahmet

2010-01-01

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DEVELOPMENT OF THE PHYSICAL CAPABILITIES OF STUDENTS OF BOTH SEXES AGED FROM 6 TO 14 YEARS OLD  

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Full Text Available A research on 4,162 research participants, categorized into 9 age groups of males and 9 age groups of females, has been carried out. To realize the aim of the research, 3 motor skill tests have been applied: standing long jump, sit ups in 30 seconds and bent arm hang test. For all age categories the following calculations have been done to the three motor skill tests: basic statistical parameters, while the difference between the age categories and the sex of the participants is determined through a multivariate and univariate analysis of variance (MANOVA and ANOVA, and the LSD-Test. As both sexes become older, the indicators of physical capabilities increase constantly. The growth does not remain the same for all age categories. It rather shows periods of higher and lower intensity. This increase tends to appear the highest among girls when they are between 10 and 12 years old. For the boys the highest increase occurs when they are between 13 and 14 years old. There are statistically significant differences of the physical capabilities between all age categories of boys and girls, benefiting the male research participants.

Seryozha Gontarev

2013-12-01

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The Academic Effects of After-School Paid and Unpaid Work among 14-Year-Old Students in TIMSS Countries  

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What it means to be a "student" varies within and between countries. Apart from the wide variety of school types and school quality that is experienced by young people, there also is, accompanying increased rates of school participation, a growing population of students who work part-time. The theoretical and actual consequences of student work…

Post, David; Pong, Suet-ling

2009-01-01

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Basic Algebra Revisited: A Study with 14 Year Olds.  

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Reports results obtained when 24 14-year-old students were presented with algebra tasks by a computer-based modeling system and, four months later, comparable paper and pencil tests together with detailed interviews. Comparison of the results revealed profound misunderstandings of algebraic notation and identified classes of strategies used by…

Sleeman, Derek H.

1985-01-01

8

Disk degeneration in 14 year old children  

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This paper reports low back symptoms of 1,500 school children (14 years old) evaluated with a questionnaire and with a standardized clinical examination. Forty children who complained of recurrent and/or persistent low back pain and 40 matching symptomless controls were randomly chosen to undergo MR imaging of the lumbar spine. Premature disk degeneration was seen in 25.5% of asymptomatic children and in 40% of those with low back pain. The difference was statistically not significant. Disk degeneration is a surprisingly frequent MR finding in symptomless children. Premature disk degeneration may be the cause of low back pain in some children but is not always symptomatic in childhood

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Appreciation and implementation of the Krachtvoer healthy diet promotion programme for 12- to 14- year-old students of prevocational schools  

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Abstract Background Krachtvoer is a school-based healthy diet programme, developed in 2001 and revised in 2007 to meet the needs of particular segments of the target population as well as a wider target group. The main aims of the present process evaluation of the revised programme were to examine student and teacher appreciation of the programme, completeness of and adherence to its implementation, and relations between appreciation and completeness of implementation.

Mhh, Bessems Kathelijne; van Assema Patricia; Martens Marloes K; Gwm, Paulussen Theo; Gm, Raaijmakers Lieke; Vries Nanne K de

2011-01-01

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Body adiposity and daily TV viewing in 11 to 14-year-old students at two schools in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil  

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Full Text Available The objective of this study was to analyze body adiposity, daily TV viewing and prevalence of obesity, and to identify associations between TV viewing and relative body fat in boys and girls aged 11 to 14 years attending two municipal schools in Campo Grande - Mato Grosso, Brazil. One school is located in the central region of the city and the other on the periphery. The sample, 109 boys and 116 girls, a total of 225 students, was made up of students from the municipal schools “Danda Nunes” and “Nazira Anache”. The following variables were recorded: weight (mc, height (est, triceps (tr, subscapular (se skinfolds and hours per day watching TV. It was concluded that relative body fat fi gures for the sample studied were not statistically different (p>0.05 for sex between the students of the central and peripheral schools. A prevalence of 25.86% of obesity was detected among the girls and 11.93% among the boys, confi rming published literature on the tendency of a larger accumulation of body fat among girls, mainly during and after the puberty. In this study it was not possible, with the sample used, to demonstrate an association between hours spent watching TV and relative body fat. It was observed that 60% of the girls and boys watch more than 3 hours of television a day, demonstrating the extended period that the children and adolescents remain physically inactive in front of the television. RESUMO Os objetivos deste estudo foram analisar a adiposidade corpórea e o tempo diário de assistência à TV; detectar a prevalência de obesidade; e associações entre tempo de assistência à TV e gordura corporal relativa em meninos e meninas, de 11 a 14 anos de idade, matriculados em duas escolas municipais de Campo Grande – MS, sendo uma localizada na região central da cidade e a outra na periferia. A amostra foi constituída pelos 225 alunos (109 do gênero masculino e 116 do gênero feminino das 5as e 6as séries das escolas Municipais Danda Nunes (central e Nazira Anache (periferia que estavam matriculados e presentes no dia da coleta dos dados. Foram mensuradas as variáveis: massa corporal (MC, estatura (EST , dobras cutâneas tricipital (TR e subescapular (SE, além da aplicação de um questionário com informações sobre o tempo de assistência à TV. Os resultados permitiram concluir que os valores da gordura corporal relativa, não diferiram estatisticamente (p>0,05 entre os escolares da escola central e da periferia em nenhum dos gênero. Foi detectada uma prevalência de 25,86% de obesidade no gênero feminino e 11,93% no masculino, confi rmando a tendência apresentada na literatura de um aumento crescente da obesidade em crianças e adolescentes e um maior acúmulo de gordura corporal no gênero feminino, principalmente durante e após a puberdade. Na presente pesquisa não se encontrou associações signifi cativas entre as variáveis horas de assistência a TV e gordura corporal relativa em nenhuma das escolas e em nenhum dos gêneros. Observou-se que 60 % dos escolares avaliados assistem mais de 3 horas de televisão por dia, demonstrando o longo período de tempo que as crianças e adolescentes têm permanecido em inatividade física, em frente ao aparelho de televisão.

Adair da Silva Lopes

2002-12-01

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COMPLETE DIPHALLUS IN A 14 YEARS OLD BOY  

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Full Text Available We herein present an unusual case of 14-year old boy with complete diphallus and bifid scrotum. He was not aware of his extragenital abnormality until he was examined by a surgeon before circumsion. At operation, the hypoplastic penis was resected and a single scrotum was constructed by removing the band of skin separating the compartments. The rugose skin was then joined, giving scrotal continuity.

Abdulkadir Tepeler

2007-01-01

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[Torsion of a hydrosalpinx in a 14-year old].  

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Lower abdominal pain in women often gives rise to diagnostic problems. We had a 14-year-old girl suffering from acute lower abdominal pain without effect of painkillers. Ultrasound revealed a cystic process in the pelvis. At laparoscopy we saw a right-sided hydrosalpinx with torsion. The hydrosalpinx was removed and afterwards she had no pain. Torsion of a hydrosalpinx is a very rare condition. It is very important that adnexal torsion is diagnosed and treated promptly in order to save the reproductive organs and prevent further complications. PMID:18940159

Sørensen, Rikke Korsgaard

2008-10-01

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Hoffa fracture in a 14-year-old.  

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Coronal shear fractures of the femoral condyle (ie, Hoffa fracture) are an uncommon clinical entity typically seen in adults after higher-energy trauma. Historically poor outcomes have been reported in the literature with nonoperative treatment of these fractures. Conversely, open reduction and internal fixation of these fractures has been shown to produce good long-term clinical results in adults. These fractures appear to be even more uncommon in skeletally immature patients, with only 3 case reports documented in the literature to date. Two of the 3 cases presented as a symptomatic nonunion after initial nonoperative treatment. Herein we present a case report of a Hoffa fracture of the lateral femoral condyle in a 14-year-old boy after a wrestling injury. The fracture was treated with diagnostic arthroscopy followed by conversion to an arthrotomy for open reduction and internal fixation. Rigid fixation of the fracture was obtained with 4 headless compression screws. Twelve months postoperatively, the fracture was radiographically healed and the patient was pain free with restoration of full knee motion and return to sporting activity. The Hoffa fracture is a unique and relatively uncommon clinical entity that has a different personality than other intra-articular fractures of the knee in both adults and children. Instability of the fracture fragment can lead to a higher likelihood of nonunion with persistent pain and disability. These fractures should be treated with open reduction and internal fixation to achieve anatomic reduction with stable fixation and preservation of the blood supply to achieve early, active mobilization. We believe this optimizes the chance for good long-term functional results. PMID:21323278

Flanagin, Brody A; Cruz, Aristides I; Medvecky, Michael J

2011-02-01

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Teaching argument writing to 7-14-year-olds : an international review of the evidence of successful practice.  

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A systematic review was undertaken in 2006 to answer the question ‘What is the evidence for successful practice in teaching and learning with regard to non?fiction writing (specifically argumentational writing) for 7? to 14?year?olds?’, using EPPI?Centre methodology. Results showed that certain conditions have to be in place. These include: a writing process model in which students are encouraged to plan, draft, edit and revise their writing; some degree of cognitive reasoning t...

Andrews, R.; Torgerson, C.; Low, G.; Mcguinn, N.

2009-01-01

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Drug Ingestions in Children 10-14 Years Old: An Old Problem Revisited  

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To determine changes in rates of drug ingestions in 10-14 year old children in our country, a retrospective chart review of 10-14 year olds hospitalized for drug ingestion between 1993-1995 and 2000-2004 was performed. Odds ratios and Chi-square were used for analyses. From 1993-1995 there were 92.8 ingestions/100,000 children/year; from 2000-2004…

Pomerantz, Wendy; Gittelman, Michael; Farris, Sarah; Frey, Lauren

2009-01-01

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Prevalence of Allergic Rhinitis in 13-14 Year Old School Children in Hamedan  

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Full Text Available Objective: Allergic Rhinitis (AR is an inflammatory disorder of the nasal mucosa characterized by nasal congestion, rhinorrhea and itching and often accompanied by sneezing and conjunctival irritation. Two prerequisites for the expression of AR are sensitivity to an allergen and its presence in the environment. Recognition of allergens and removal and avoidance of them can decrease the prevalence of AR. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of AR in Hamedan, Iran, and recognition of effective factors involved in expression of AR.Methods: The study was undertaken between October 2005 and June 2006 among 13- to 14-year-old children in middle-schools of Hamedan. Data were collected using the standardized ISAAC written questionnaire for prevalence of AR and another questionnaire for effective factors on AR including gender, season of expression of AR, smoking parents, keeping pets and birds, apartment plants, breast milking and family size. In the second phase the students with AR were examined for signs of AR.Findings: A total of 1600 (900 girls and 700 boys children participated in the study. 17.7% of the children had symptoms of allergic rhinitis sometime in their life. There was no significant difference between prevalence of AR between boys and girls (18.6% in the boys and 17% in the girls (P>0.05. 37.2% of the cases were perennial and 62.8% of them were seasonal or mixed type. AR was more prevalent in spring (21%. The prevalence of the disease between students with smoking parents and non smoking parents were 30.6% and 11.2% respectively (P0.05. The most common signs of AR were allergic shiners (54% and clear and dilute nasal secretion (51%.Conclusion: Compared with previous studies conducted in other Iranian cities using similar method, the prevalence of allergic rhinitis was lower in Hamedan. The prevalence of AR may be reduced with avoidance of smoking and removal of pets.

Mohsen Jari

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Content Analysis of Taiwanese 14 Year Olds' Information Processing Operations Shown in Cognitive Structures Following Physics Instruction, with Relations to Science Attainment and Scientific Epistemological Beliefs.  

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Describes a study of Taiwanese 14-year-olds' (n=48) cognitive structures derived from the instruction of basic atomic physics. Finds that even academically above-average students tended to use relatively lower-level modes of knowledge construction, focusing on reciting or describing specific factual knowledge in physics. (Contains 27 references.)…

Tsai, Chin-Chung

1999-01-01

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Cimetidine-induced psychosis in a 14-year-old girl.  

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A 14-year-old girl presented with hallucinations and bizarre behaviour 3 days following the institution of cimetidine therapy for acute gastritis. She had no history of drug abuse or psychiatric disorders, and physical examination and laboratory investigations yielded no abnormalities. Within 24 hours after cimetidine therapy was discontinued her behaviour returned to normal and the hallucinations stopped.

Papp, K. A.; Curtis, R. M.

1984-01-01

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Hydroxyapatite deposition disease presenting as calcific periarthritis in a 14-year-old girl  

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We report a case of hydroxyapatite deposition disease presenting as acute periarthritis in a 14-year-old girl with typical radiological features and clinical course. We also review the clinical and laboratory features to increase awareness of this entity. (orig.)

20

Evaluation of specific anaerobic power in 12-14-year-old male rowers.  

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No previous study had applied the modified Wingate rowing test to young athletes (i.e. children and adolescents). The aims of this study were to evaluate the trial-to-trial reliability of a rowing-modified Wingate test in a group of 12-14-year-old rowers (n=98) and to compare anaerobic power values among the 12-, 13-, and 14-year-old rowers after accounting for differences in physical maturity and body size. Each subject performed two "all-out" 30-s trials on a Concept II rowing ergometer. The trials were separated by a 15-min active recovery period, which included walking and stretching and ensured the participants' full recovery. The test proved to be highly reliable, with coefficients of variations of 2.4 and 2.9% (CI=2.1-3.4%) and intraclass correlation coefficients of 0.994 and 0.996 (CI=0.991-0.997) for mean power and peak power, respectively. The ANCOVA analyses accounting for differences in body size and level of physical maturity (assessed using indices of pubic hair) and the Bonferroni post hoc tests identified the 14-year-olds as having significantly greater adjusted mean power and peak power values (Ppower and peak power were not significant. Our findings indicate (1) that the rowing-modified Wingate test may be reliably used for the assessment of specific anaerobic performance in 12-14-year-old rowers and (2) that factors other than physical maturity and body size are partly responsible for the increase in anaerobic power during growth. PMID:18762452

Mikuli?, Pavle; Ruzi?, Lana; Markovi?, Goran

2009-11-01

 
 
 
 
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Carcinoma oesophagus in a 14 year old child: report of a case and review of literature.  

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A 14 year old boy with well differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the upper oesophagus is being presented because of its rarity. The patient presented with dysphagia for 8 months. Barium swallow and endoscopy revealed a narrowing in the upper oesophagus with a proximal dilatation diverticulum. No definite aetiologic factor could be demonstrated. The case was treated with definitive irradiation with excellent immediate response. PMID:2697106

Shahi, U P; Sudarsan; Dattagupta, S; Singhal, S; Kumar, L; Bahadur, S; Rath, G K

1989-01-01

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STEP COUNTS AND BODY MASS INDEX AMONG 9-14 YEARS OLD GREEK SCHOOLCHILDREN  

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The main purpose of this study was the identification of the current pedometer determined physical activity levels of a large sample of 9 -14 years old Greek schoolchildren and the determination of the association between daily step counts and body mass index through the comparison of step counts among overweight, obese and normal-weight children. A total of 532 children (263 boys and 269 girls) were measured for height and weight. Their activity levels were analyzed using pedometers to measu...

Maria Michalopoulou; Vassilios Gourgoulis; Thomas Kourtessis; Antonios Kambas; Martina Dimitrou; Helen Gretziou

2011-01-01

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Influence of anthropometric characteristics on speed abilities of 14 years old elite male basketball players  

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Full Text Available The aims of this study were: a to identify anthropometric characteristics and speed abilities of 14 year old elitemale basketball players b to investigate relations between these two qualities.At the sample of total of 50 young basketball players, 14 years old, 11 anthropometric (predictors variableswere measured: four longitudinal measures, two transversal measures, body mass, four circumferences, sixskinfolds and 2 derived variables: body mass index (BMI, and sum of skinfolds (SUM SKF. Also, they didthree speed tests (dependent variables: run 20m, run 30m, and run 50m. For the assessment of influence ofpredictor variables on dependent variables regressive analysis, Stepwise method, was applied. Results of threeregression analysis talk about a moderate, but significant influence of anthropometric variables on results of 20m(first step - variable lower limb length, 30m (first step - variable sitting height and second step – variable sum ofskinfolds and 50m (first step - variable sum of skinfolds sprint tests of 14 years old basketball players

SAŠA JAKOVLJEVI?

2011-06-01

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Invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl.  

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Breast cancer is rare in children and adolescents. In particular, there are very few cases of invasive ductal carcinoma in childhood. We report a case of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl presenting as a palpable mass. While the tumor demonstrated a relatively benign appearance on ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging revealed typical malignant features. Several polymorphisms of single nucleotide variation were observed on gene analysis. The patient underwent breast conserving surgery and received subsequent concurrent chemo-radiation therapy. An awareness that ductal carcinoma of the breast rarely occurs in children is important to detect early stage breast cancer. PMID:24997789

Kim, Joo Yeon; Kim, Yun Ju; Kim, Sung Hun; Kang, Bong Joo; Song, Byung Joo

2014-11-01

25

Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students  

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This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

2011-01-01

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Optic nerve head drusen and idiopathic intracranial hypertension in a 14-year-old girl.  

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A 14-year-old girl had a 3-month history of headache and blurred vision. Funduscopy showed bilateral optic disc edema. Findings on brain imaging were normal, and a diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension was confirmed after lumbar puncture showed an elevated opening pressure of 32 cm H(2)O. Optic nerve head drusen were noted on computed tomography scan and confirmed with B-scan ultrasound. After 2 years, resolution of symptoms coincided with variable compliance to treatment with acetazolamide and concomitant papilledema. In general, optic disc edema poses a clinical conundrum due to the more common occurrence of optic nerve head drusen, potentially resulting in delayed diagnosis and treatment of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. PMID:19645406

Granger, Robert H; Bonnelame, Thomas; Daubenton, John; Dreyer, Michael; McCartney, Paul

2009-01-01

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Frontal bone tuberculosis presenting with blindness in a 14-year-old girl: a case report  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The occurrence of tuberculosis in the flat bones of the skull is very rare. Only eight cases of tuberculosis of the frontal bone have been reported in the literature. Case presentation A 14-year-old girl of Asian ethnicity presented with gradual loss of vision. A computed tomography scan of her head showed a diffuse, homogeneously ill-defined hyperdense lesion of size 2.9 × 5.3 cm (anteroposterior × thickness involving the right orbit. Biopsy of the lesion confirmed the presence of epithelioid cells and Langerhans giant cells with caseous material. After surgical debridement with antitubercular treatment, the patient had an uneventful recovery. Conclusion Although rare, tuberculosis can affect the flat bones of the skull. Tuberculosis of the frontal bone can be included in the differential diagnosis of blindness.

Shameem Mohammad

2009-06-01

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Pleomorphic Adenoma of Minor Salivary Gland in a 14 year Old Child.  

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Salivary gland tumours are rare in childhood, and almost all of them occur in parotid gland. Minor salivary gland tumours are even rarer, pleomorphic adenoma being the most frequently found tumour. Only seventeen cases of pleomorphic adenoma arising in the minor salivary gland tumour have been reported in children and adolescents. Pleomorphic adenoma of minor salivary gland represents about 45% of all the tumours of the minor salivary glands. Pleomorphic adenoma is slowly enlarging tumour indistinguishable from adenoid cystic carcinoma clinically, except for pain and ulceration, which is more common in the latter. Carcinoma arising from pleomorphic adenoma has been reported in 3% cases amongst the minor salivary gland tumours. This report presents a case of pleomorphic adenoma of minor salivary gland in a 14 year old female patient with a brief review of literature. PMID:24431845

Pramod Krishna, B

2013-06-01

29

STEP COUNTS AND BODY MASS INDEX AMONG 9-14 YEARS OLD GREEK SCHOOLCHILDREN  

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Full Text Available The main purpose of this study was the identification of the current pedometer determined physical activity levels of a large sample of 9 -14 years old Greek schoolchildren and the determination of the association between daily step counts and body mass index through the comparison of step counts among overweight, obese and normal-weight children. A total of 532 children (263 boys and 269 girls were measured for height and weight. Their activity levels were analyzed using pedometers to measure mean steps for 7 consecutive days. Overweight and obese status was determined using the international reference standard (Cole et al., 2000. According to data analysis mean step counts ranged from 15371 to10539 for boys and from 11536 to 7893 for girls. Steps per day were significantly more for boys compared to girls. Children with normal weight performed significantly more steps per day compared to their overweight and obese classmates. Daily step counts reported in this study for 9 -14 year old schoolchildren were relatively low when compared to step counts from other European countries. Only 33.9% of the participants satisfied the body mass index referenced standards for recommended steps per day. Finally, the results of this study provide baseline information on youth pedometer determined physical activity and on youth body mass index levels. High prevalence of low daily step counts and BMI determined obesity was revealed prompting for further exploration of the relationship between objectively measured physical activity and adiposity in particular for children and adolescents that experience both health risk factors.

Maria Michalopoulou

2011-03-01

30

Speed and agility of 12- and 14-year-old elite male basketball players.  

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The aims of this study were (a) to identify and compare the speed and agility of 12- and 14-year-old elite male basketball players and (b) to investigate relations between speed and agility for both age groups of basketball players, to help coaches to improve their work. Sixty-four players aged 12 (M = 11.98 years, SD = 0.311) and 54 players aged 14 (M = 14.092 years, SD = 0.275) were tested. Three agility tests: agility t-test, zigzag agility drill, and agility run 4 × 15 m and 3 speed tests: 20-m run, 30-m run, and 50-m run were applied. Fourteen-year-old players achieved significantly better results in all speed and agility tests compared with 12-year-old players. The correlation coefficient (r = 0.81, p = 0.001) showed that 12-year-old players have the same ability in the 30- and 50-m runs. The other correlation coefficient (r = 0.59, p = 0.001) indicated that 20- and 30-m runs had inherently different qualities. The correlation coefficients between agility tests were 0.71, which means that all the 3 tests represent the same quality. During the speed training of 12-year-old players, it is advisable to focus on shorter running distances, up to 30 m. During the agility training of the same players, it is useful to apply exercises with various complexities. In speed training of the 14-year-old players, the 30- and 50-m runs should be applied, and agility training should include more specific basketball movements and activities. PMID:22067243

Jakovljevic, Sasa T; Karalejic, Milivoje S; Pajic, Zoran B; Macura, Marija M; Erculj, Frane F

2012-09-01

31

Study of weight, height, body mass index, energy and nutrients intake of 11-14 years old girls, Tehran  

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Full Text Available A descriptive, analytical cross-sectional syudy was conducted in 1996 on 350 female students 11-14 years old in the center of Tehran, Iran. The general objective was determining energy and nutrient intakes and weight, height and BMI (Body Mass Index of the girls, using anthropometric measurements, interviews (24-hour dietary recall and food consumption frequency, and the NCHS standards. The results were as follows: 1 Based on weight for age and the Z-score, 20% of the girls suffered from mild past and present malnutrition. 2 Based on height for age and BMI, 16.6%, 12.5%, and 1.3% suffered from mild past malnutrition, severe present malnutrition and overweight, respectively. 3 The height curves were normal, as compared to the respective standards. 4 The BMI curves were quite different from the respective standards. 5 On the whole, 53.7%, 49.7%, 86.0%, 59.0%, 67.7%, 76.5% and 88.0% of the girls had low intakes of energy, vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin B12, folic acid, calcium, and iron, respectively. 6 A positive linear correlation was observed between energy intake and height, vitamin A intake and weight, zinc intake and height, and carbohydrate intake and height.

Sadeqipoor H

1999-09-01

32

Clinical and morphological features of ovarian pure dysgerminoma: a report of a 14 years old girl  

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Full Text Available Dysgerminoma is best known as the ovarian counterpart of seminoma of the testis Relatively uncommon tumors, dysgerminomas account for less than 2% of all ovarian cancer. We report a case of a 14 years old girl with a large and rapidly growing unilaleral ovarian dysgerminoma. Examination of the surgical specimen showed a tumor of 27x17x8 cm in size and 4800 gr. in weight. It was oval in shape with a slightly glistening fibrous capsule, soft but solid and hemorrhagic. The mass arose from the right ovary and did not invade any surrounding structures. The tumor and the ovary were torqued with its fallopian tube. Microscopic examination showed typical characteristics of ovarian dysgerminoma, with a micrometastasis in the omentum (in the vicinity of the tumor. The patient underwent a right salpingo-oophorectomy, had an uncomplicated postoperative course and received radio and chemotherapy Thirty months after the operation, the patient is in good health and with normal ultrasound and laboratory results. We believe that conservative surgery followed by adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy seems to be ideal treatment in case of pure ovarian dysgerminoma when careful surgical staging confirmed the unilaterality of disease.

Pop-Trajkovi? Zoran

2002-01-01

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Exostosis subungueal en un adolescente de 14 años / Subungual exostosis in a 14 years old boy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La exostosis subungueal es un tumor benigno de hueso trabecular rodeado por una cápsula fibrocartilaginosa; aparece principalmente en la falange distal del hallux, por debajo de la uña o adyacente a ella y se manifiesta clínicamente por alteración de la uña suprayacente o de los tejidos blandos peri [...] ungueales, respectivamente. Es infrecuente en la infancia y más común en el sexo femenino. La sospecha clínica se confirma por el hallazgo radiológico (placa de perfil) de una excrecencia de hueso trabecular que se proyecta desde la superficie dorsal de la falange distal del dedo afectado. El tratamiento de elección consiste en el legrado o remoción quirúrgica de la lesión. Presentamos un caso de exostosis subungueal localizada en el hallux en un varón de 14 años de edad, con la tríada característica de esta entidad: dolor digital, lesión subungueal con deformidad de la lámina ungueal y hallazgos radiográficos característicos. Abstract in english Subungual exostosis is a benign bony outgrowth surrounded by a fibrocartilaginous capsule that mainly affects hallux terminal phalanx with subungual or periungular localization, and that clinically determines variable degree of nail plate or periungular soft tissues alterations, respectively, It is [...] uncommon in childhood and more frequent in females. Clínical suspicion is confirmed by the radiographic finding of a distinct trabecular bone growth arising from the dorsal aspect of the phalanx of the affected finger, on the lateral incidence. Curettage or surgical excision is the treatment of choice. We report a case of subungual exostosis located at the hallux in a 14-year-old boy suffering from subungual exostosis of the hallux that presented the characteristic triad of this entity: subungular tumor with nail plate deformity, digital pain and radiologic typical findings.

Margarita, Larralde; Paula, Boggio; María Eugenia, Abad; Betina, Pagotto; Andrea, Castillo.

34

Prevalence of malocclusion in 14-year old Greek children using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI.  

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Full Text Available The aim of this epidemiological investigation was to study malocclusion in the 14-year old population nationwide. The orthodontic index DAI was chosen as a measurement means. The DAI is proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO. The use of the DAI has the advantage of grading malocclusion, thus providing with the possibility of objectively assessing the priorities for orthodontic treatment care. The study included a random and representative sample of 4451 pupils (3% of the corresponding total schoolchildren population from the 9 health districts (H.D. of Greece. 488 pupils were excluded because they did not fulfill the study criteria (they had either completed or were undergoing active orthodontic treatment. The selection of schools - sampling points (s.p. was performed with a special computer program using the method of random numbers. The total number of sampling points nationwide was 24. The number of sampling points and pupils per H.D. was determined based on the WHO regulations and the sampling methodology. A permanent examiner - the author - performed all examinations. Based on the DAI criteria, 52.53% of the pupils presented varying degrees of malocclusion. This value is in agreement with similar studies performed in the USA and 10 other countries using the same index. The highest percentage of malocclusion was found in the 8th H.D. "Aegean Islands" and the lowest in the 6th H.D. "East Macedonia". Percentages for orthodontic treatment of medium, high and very high resulting from the DAI scale are 28.2, 9.84 and 14.49 respectively. Although the percentage of orthodontic treatment need is the same for both sexes, the percentage of girls who received orthodontic treatment was twice that of boys. Orthodontic treatment care in pupils of private schools was four times that of pupils in public schools.

P.G. Hatzopoulos

1999-01-01

35

Mucin-producing Malignant Tumor of Lower Eyelid Presenting in a 14-year-old Patient.  

Science.gov (United States)

Malignancies of the ocular adnexa are rare, aggressive tumors with significant potential for local recurrence and metastases. Although basal cell carcinoma remains the most common malignancy of the eyelid, encompassing more than 90 percent of all periocular cancers, several other malignant neoplasms have been reported. Malignant ocular adnexal neoplasms are most commonly of sweat gland origin and include hidradenocarcinoma, mucinous eccrine adenocarcinoma, and apocrine adenocarcinoma of the glands of Moll. The different ocular adnexal adenocarcinomas share many of the same characteristics with regard to incidence, primary location, and rates of recurrence and metastases. As a result, these tumors are difficult to distinguish clinically and true diagnosis depends on histological findings. The highest incidence of the reported cases occurred during the sixth decade of life. The head, neck, and trunk are the most frequently reported primary locations. Ocular adnexal adenocarcinomas have a significant rate of metastasis to regional lymph nodes as well as distant sites. Standard treatment of care includes surgical excision of the tumor; however, these malignancies have a tendency to recur locally. The authors present a 14-year-old Caucasian girl with no significant past medical history who presented with a recurrent right lower eyelid tumor. She previously had multiple resections at an outside hospital; however, the margins could not be cleared. The patient was taken to the operating room for Mohs-type resection of the primary site as well as a right parotidectomy with facial nerve preservation and right modified radical neck dissection. The final pathology was consistent with a mucin-producing malignant tumor of ocular adnexa. Due to the great potential for local recurrence and metastases, the prognosis for ocular adnexal adenocarcinoma remains poor even with aggressive surgical management. The use of Mohs surgery for resection has increased as it has been linked to prolonged intervals of metastatic-free disease. PMID:22708009

Latorre, Andrea; Alghothani, Lana; Lambert, David; Jatana, Kris R; Peters, Sara; Foster, Jill; Hill, Robert

2012-04-01

36

Exostosis subungueal en un adolescente de 14 años / Subungual exostosis in a 14 years old boy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La exostosis subungueal es un tumor benigno de hueso trabecular rodeado por una cápsula fibrocartilaginosa; aparece principalmente en la falange distal del hallux, por debajo de la uña o adyacente a ella y se manifiesta clínicamente por alteración de la uña suprayacente o de los tejidos blandos peri [...] ungueales, respectivamente. Es infrecuente en la infancia y más común en el sexo femenino. La sospecha clínica se confirma por el hallazgo radiológico (placa de perfil) de una excrecencia de hueso trabecular que se proyecta desde la superficie dorsal de la falange distal del dedo afectado. El tratamiento de elección consiste en el legrado o remoción quirúrgica de la lesión. Presentamos un caso de exostosis subungueal localizada en el hallux en un varón de 14 años de edad, con la tríada característica de esta entidad: dolor digital, lesión subungueal con deformidad de la lámina ungueal y hallazgos radiográficos característicos. Abstract in english Subungual exostosis is a benign bony outgrowth surrounded by a fibrocartilaginous capsule that mainly affects hallux terminal phalanx with subungual or periungular localization, and that clinically determines variable degree of nail plate or periungular soft tissues alterations, respectively, It is [...] uncommon in childhood and more frequent in females. Clínical suspicion is confirmed by the radiographic finding of a distinct trabecular bone growth arising from the dorsal aspect of the phalanx of the affected finger, on the lateral incidence. Curettage or surgical excision is the treatment of choice. We report a case of subungual exostosis located at the hallux in a 14-year-old boy suffering from subungual exostosis of the hallux that presented the characteristic triad of this entity: subungular tumor with nail plate deformity, digital pain and radiologic typical findings.

Margarita, Larralde; Paula, Boggio; María Eugenia, Abad; Betina, Pagotto; Andrea, Castillo.

2009-08-01

37

Dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in 4–14-year-old Danish children  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Little is known about dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in children, and the aim of the present study was to investigate 4–14-year-old children's dietary patterns specifically on weekdays (Monday–Thursday) and weekend days (Saturday–Sunday). Dietary data were derived from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003–8, where a total of 784 children aged 4–14 years completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns in the age groups 4–6, 7–10 and 11–14 years. Consistently, two dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, emerged on both weekdays and weekend days. Factor scores from corresponding dietary patterns were significantly correlated between weekdays and weekend days with the exception of the ‘health conscious’ pattern in the 7–10-year-olds. Within each age group, children with high agreement for the ‘processed’ pattern had a significantly higher dietary energy density, which was reflected insignificantly higher intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables, compared with children with high agreement for the ‘health conscious’ pattern (P < 0·05). Moreover, these variables indicated less healthy dietary intakes on weekend days than on weekdays for both patterns. In conclusion, two distinct dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, were identified on both weekdays and weekend days for each age group. While overall major dietary patterns may somewhat track between weekdays and weekends, the specific foods actually eaten became less healthy during weekends.

Rothausen, Berit Worm; Matthiessen, Jeppe

2013-01-01

38

Relationship between sleep duration and dietary intake in 4- to 14-year-old Danish children  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present crosssectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14-year-old children. No sex differences were found regarding age and sleep duration. Sleep duration was negatively correlated to age (? = –0·68; P < 0·001) and BMI (? = –0·41; P < 0·001). In multiple linear regression analyses, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake (b = –0·015; P = 0·20), but there was a trend towards a positive association with intake of dietary fibre (b = 0·006; P = 0·05) and vegetables (b = 0·011; P = 0·05), and a negative association with intake of poultry (b = –0·002; P = 0·02), and a trend towards a negative association with intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories’ (b = –0·01; P = 0·05). Furthermore, in a comparison of dietary intake between age-dependent tertiles of sleep duration, only intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories’ was significantly lower in long sleepers than in short and medium sleepers (P= 0·03). In conclusion, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake and the proposal that children with short sleep duration have less healthy eating habits than children with longer sleep duration was only weakly supported by the present findings.

Hoppe, Camilla; Rothausen, Berit Worm

2013-01-01

39

Development of Art Appreciation in 11-14 Year-Old Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Modern art curricula derive from the assumption that visual arts education can be of a high quality only if productive and receptive artistic activities are implemented. In art education practice, we are able to follow incentives for artistic expression but pay less attention to developing art appreciation that is based on developing as subtle…

Duh, Matjaž; Zupancic, Tomaž; Cagran, Branka

2014-01-01

40

Acute hepatotoxicity after ingestion of Morinda citrifolia (Noni Berry) juice in a 14-year-old boy.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a case of a 14-year-old previously healthy boy with acute hepatotoxicity after noni berry juice consumption. As the popularity of noni berry consumption continues to increase, heightened awareness of the relation between noni berry consumption and acute hepatotoxicity is important. PMID:21119544

Yu, Elizabeth L; Sivagnanam, Mamata; Ellis, Linda; Huang, Jeannie S

2011-02-01

 
 
 
 
41

Relationship between Anthropometric Parameters with Menarche Age of School Girls (11-14 Years Old in Shahroud  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Though not impeding it, malnutrition during childhood delays the menarche age. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between anthropometric parameters with menarche age of adolescent (11-14- year old girls. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 418 middle school girls in Shahroud were randomly selected and studied. To demonstrate the participants, nutritional status, BMI was used for age, weight and stature, and then it was compared with NCHS standard. Results: It was revealed that the mean of BMI (body mass Index of menstruated girls was 19.8±3/1 and that of the non-menstruated participants was 17.6±3. The average menarche age turned to be 12.9±0.8. A significant relationship (P<0.0001 was found between age and incidence of menstruation. 47% of the participants experienced their menses in summer. The weight and height means of the menstruated participants were 48.7±8.5 kg and 156.9±6.7 cm respectively. A significant relationship (P=0.0001 was also found between weight, height, BMI and anthropometric parameters of the students, and their menstrual conditions. Statistical analysis also showed a significant relationship between menarche status and socioeconomic condition. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate a significant relationship between nutritional status and menarche age. Due to the importance of menarche age, its decline and creation of sexual desire, and noting the important effects of BMI and anthropometric parameters on menarche age, special attention should be paid to ideal weight, proper nutrition and sufficient physical activities in this high-risk group

Mehri Delvarian-Zadeh

2008-01-01

42

LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGY PREFERENCES OF TURKISH STUDENTS  

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Full Text Available A learning style is a preferred way of acquiring knowledge and processing information. Learning styles may differ depending on gender, age, or culture. Niles (1995 in his study “Cultural Differences in Learning Motivation and Learning Strategies” studied the cultural impact on learning strategies and found considerable differences between culturally different students.Providing evidence for the relationship between culture and learning strategy preference and use, this study aims at examining the use and preference of language learning strategies of Turkish students while they are learning English.

Selma Deneme

2008-10-01

43

Counselling International Students in Turkish Universities: Current Status and Recommendations  

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In the present study, the current status of international students and counselling services provided at Turkish universities is addressed. Firstly, a brief history of counselling and counselling services in Turkish universities is examined, leading to a consideration of the current status of international students and counselling services.…

Bektas, Dilek Yelda

2008-01-01

44

Smoking Determinants in Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available The aim was to explore the prevalence and the correlates of smoking in a group of Turkish university students. A sample of 1,870 students (21.2 ± 2.0 years old completed the Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Smoking was highly prevalent (35.9% in this sample. Male gender (OR = 2.72, CI 2.15-3.44, and parental smoking (OR = 1.41, CI 1.13-1.78 were factors associated with increased likelihood of smoking. Higher depressive symptoms and hopelessness levels were significantly related to smoking behavior. Smoking behavior might initiate as a mild and transient habit and unfortunately could become more serious and lead to an actual dependence. The results of this study show that it is necessary to pay attention to levels of depression and hopelessness, as well as parental influence.

Unal Erkorkmaz

2009-08-01

45

Culture of a gastric non-Helicobacter pylori Helicobacter from the stomach of a 14-year-old girl.  

Science.gov (United States)

Helicobacter felis belongs to the fastidious gastric non-Helicobacter pylori helicobacter species that are typically found in the stomach of cats and dogs. These bacteria have the potential to colonize the human stomach and are then associated with gastritis, gastroduodenal ulcers, and MALT lymphoma. Strains cultured from the human stomach are rare. Here, we present the first isolation of H. felis from a gastric biopsy specimen of a 14-year-old girl who presented with persistent epigastric pain. The strain was cultured using our routine protocol for H. pylori and identified by phylogenetic analyses of partial urease AB and gyrB gene sequences. PMID:23067246

Wüppenhorst, Nicole; von Loewenich, Friederike; Hobmaier, Beate; Vetter-Knoll, Marianne; Mohadjer, Sona; Kist, Manfred

2013-02-01

46

A Rare Case of Solitary Epidural Brain Metastasis of Neuroepithelioma Tumor in A 14 Years Old Man  

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Full Text Available By definition, a peripheral neuroepithelioma is a primary neuroectodermal tumor (PNET arising from peripheral, nonautonomic neural tissue. PNETs are classified into central and peripheral types. Peripheral PNETs are unusual, often highly aggressive, malignant neoplasms, rarely presenting in the head and neck. Soft tissues PNETs arise from nonautonomic nervous system. In this case, we report a 14-years-old male known case of cervical soft tissue neuroepithelioma presenting with a rare form of metastatic disease as extra axial, epidural metastasis to the brain. On histochemichal analysis of this solitary metastasis, as well as original tumor specimens, markers consistent with PNET tumors were identified.

R. Barikbin

2008-01-01

47

Dental health of 13-14-year-old Jordanian school children and its relationship with socio-economic status.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship between oral hygiene, dental caries experience, periodontal condition and socio-economic status was assessed in 1375 13-14-year-old school children in Irbid Governate, north Jordan. They were divided into four groups according to their family income: 'very poor', 'poor', 'moderate' and 'rich'. Their oral hygiene, dental caries experience and peridontal status were assessed using the Silness and Loe plaque index (PI), the decayed, missing and filled teeth or surfaces (DMFT/S) system and the Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN), respectively. The mean PI was 1.82 but there was a trend to decrease gradually from the 'very poor' to the 'rich' group There were no significant differences in caries experience between the four groups. The CPITN showed that the 'very poor' group had a slightly lower mean number of healthy mouth sextants than the other groups, but slightly higher scores for bleeding, calculus and pocketing. The results reveal that socioeconomic status, as assessed by family income, seems to have little relationship to dental caries experience or periodontal disease in 13-14-year-old school children, in north Jordan. PMID:9115975

Taani, D S

1996-09-01

48

Skin Picking in Turkish Students: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Gender Differences  

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The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, triggers, and consequences of skin picking (SP) in a sample of Turkish university students, with an emphasis on gender differences. A total of 245 students from two universities in Turkey were assessed by using the Skin Picking Inventory. In total, 87.8% of the students…

Calikusu, Celal; Kucukgoncu, Suat; Tecer, Ozlem; Bestepe, Emrem

2012-01-01

49

The Comparison of the Coping Strategies with Stress between the Students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and the Students from Turkish Republic  

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The aim of this study is to compare the coping strategies with stres of the students who are from the Turkish Republic and those of the Middle Asian Turkish Republics. The population of the study consists of the students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics at Ondokuz May?s University in 2004-2005 Academic Year. This study was carried out on a total number of 437 students; 125 of them are from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and 312 from Turkish Republic. In this study, to determine the level ...

Balci C?eli?k, Seher

2008-01-01

50

VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT OF TURKISH STUDENTS AGED BETWEEN 7 AND 9  

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Full Text Available The potential of thoughts which is possible for a person who speaks a particular language are accepted to be equal to the conceptual content of that language; “dictionary” containing the sum of the concepts. It means that “the things that a person can think are limited to the possibilities in the language he/she speaks and the thoughts of the person who speaks the language has to act within the limits of that language’s potential.”In terms of Turkish language, it is seen that Turkish sources in the form of general dictionary contain approximately 70.000 words as headwords. The headwords included in approximately 80.000-100.000 dictionaries and glossaries that are used in Anatolian dialects were not added to this number. However studies related to the vocabulary of children report that Turkish students do not benefit from the rich vocabulary of Turkish language. This paper aims to investigate Turkish student between the ages 7 and 9 during 3 years and reveal how they develop vocabulary. It is also aimed to determine the effects of variables on vocabulary development such as age, pre-knowledge, social environment, economic environment and education level. The study was conducted by the support of TÜB?TAK (The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkish, (TÜBITAK-SOBAG project No: 104K087.

Hülya P?LANCI

2009-10-01

51

Turkish Language Teaching Students’ Attitudes towards Teaching Profession  

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Full Text Available Attitude can be described as a feature that is an indicator of individual’s point of view and feelings towards a subject and that motivates him/her to behave in a positive or negative way. The aim of the research is to analyze attitudes of the students who are studying in Turkish Language Teaching department towards teaching profession in terms of socio-demographic features. Students who are studying in Turkish Language Teaching departments of the universities in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in 2009-2010 academic years constitute population of the study. Result of the study presented that attitudes of the students of Turkish Language Teaching departments towards teaching profession are positive in general. It is determined that attitudes of the students of Turkish Language Teaching departments towards teaching profession differentiate significantly in terms of gender, situation of being satisfied in their department, their parents’ attitudes towards them, desire to become a teacher and do not differentiate significantly in terms of grade, mother’s attitude towards them, income variables.

Hülya YE??L

2011-04-01

52

Turkish Students' Conceptions about the Simple Electric Circuits  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the Turkish students' understanding level of electric circuits consisting of two bulbs and one battery was investigated by using open-ended questions. Two-hundred fifty students, whose ages range from 11 to 22, were chosen from five different groups at primary, secondary and university levels in Trabzon in Turkey. In analyzing…

Cepni, Salih; Keles, Esra

2006-01-01

53

Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions of Geography  

Science.gov (United States)

This study provides an in-depth investigation of Turkish primary school students' perceptions of geography. Gender differences in students' perceptions of geography were investigated, including definitions of geography and its field of study. The findings showed that "landforms," "our geographical regions/Turkey,"…

Senyurt, Secil

2014-01-01

54

Comparison of participation between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers 8-14 years old in leisure activities  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Children's participation in leisure and recreational activities is associated with their well-being. The Purpose of this study was to compare of participation between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers 8-14 years old. Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, 30 children with cerebral palsy (mean age: 11 years  and 1 month from special education school and 30 typically developing peers (11 years  and 6 months from typical schools through convenient nonprobability sampling were selected. Participants were evaluated with the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE.The data were analyzed by spss17. Results: There were significant differences between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers (p= 0.000 in diversity scale. The intensity of participation in peer group was more than children with cerebral palsy p=0.000. No significant differences were found between the groups in the enjoyment. There were no significant main effects of gender, also significant interaction effect between group type and gender for CAPE variables. Conclusion: The participation of peer group in most activities was more than children with cerebral palsy. Physical disability can affect participation of children in everyday activities and socialization. Knowledge about participation of cerebral palsy children can help to health care professional to establish interventions that fit with children's preferences and can promote their health and participation.

Madineh Hassani

2013-05-01

55

Effects of 5 weeks of high-intensity interval training vs. volume training in 14-year-old soccer players.  

Science.gov (United States)

High-intensity interval training (HIIT) in junior and adult soccer has been shown to improve oxygen uptake (VO?) and enhance soccer performance. The main purpose of this study was to examine the short term effects of a 5-week HIIT vs. high-volume training (HVT) program in 14-year-old soccer players regarding the effects on VO?max and 1,000-m time (T????) and on sprinting and jumping performance. In a 5-week period, 19 male soccer players with a mean (SD) age of 13.5 ± 0.4 years performed HIIT at close to ~90% of maximal heart rate. The HVT intensity was set at 60-75% of maximal heart rate. VO?max increased significantly (7.0%) from pre to post in HIIT but not after HVT. T???? decreased significantly after HIIT (~-10 vs. ~-5 seconds in HVT). Sprint performance increased significantly in both groups from pre to posttesting without any changes in jumping performance. PMID:21490513

Sperlich, Billy; De Marées, Markus; Koehler, Karsten; Linville, John; Holmberg, Hans-Christer; Mester, Joachim

2011-05-01

56

Cleidocranial dysplasia in a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl: clinical and radiological presentation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare, autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia with a relatively mild course. The most characteristic symptoms are clavicle hypoplasia or aplasia, abnormalities in the skull ossification, and a variety of dental pathologies. The clinical course and radiological presentation of two cases (a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl) of CCD are presented. Among the characteristic phenotype features the patients demonstrated were abnormalities in the skull formation, with wide sutures and large, delayed closure of the fontanelles, additional Wormian bones, and significant dental abnormalities, in both cases with delayed eruption of teeth and, in the girl, intensive caries, cross bite, and impacted teeth. The boy presented hypoplasia of the clavicles, while aplastic clavicles were confirmed in the girl. In both cases clavicle defects resulted in descended shoulders with abnormal movement faculty. Metacarpal and phalangeal defects were also found in both children as well as abnormalities in pelvic structure, with wide pubic symphysis and vertical arrangement of the pelvic bones in the girl. CCD is a skeletal dysplasia with characteristic clinical and radiological presentation. Although the course of the disorder is relatively mild, early orthopedic, dental, and orthodontic care, as well as rehabilitation, are essential in limiting complications resulting from the congenital malformation of the skeletal system. (author)

57

Bone dysplasia with optic atrophy, vascular malformation and seizures in a 14-year-old girl - a case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The heritable skeletal dysplasias or osteochondrodysplasias are a large heterogeneous group of disorders associated with abnormal shape, growth, or integrity of bones. Osteopetrosis is a collective term for a range of sclerosing bone diseases with various degree of defective remodeling. Increased bone density is the predominant radiologic feature. The skull is often involved with basal sclerosis and the sinuses are obliterated. The most serious consequences of the osteopetroses are seen in the nervous system. Because of perturbed remodeling of the skull bones, many aspects of the brain and cranial nerve function are endangered. Cranial nerves, blood vessels and the spinal cord may be compressed by progressive occlusion of cranial foramina. Carious, misplaced teeth, dysplastic fingernails, tendency to pathologic fractures are the other clinical manifestations. The authors present a 14-year-old girl with dysmorphic features, optic atrophy, CNS vessel malformation, pathologic fractures and seizures. The girl had a wide range of clinical and radiographic symptoms of bone dysplasias together with a giant left internal carotid artery aneurysm and epilepsy. On the basis of clinical and radiological features, a disease belonging to the group of skeletal dysplasias was recognized in our patient. The configuration of the presented symptoms does not allow at the moment strict classification to hitherto determined forms of dysplasia. This leads to the necessity of extending diagnostics, especially by molecular tests, and further long-lasting observations, which perhaps would allow classification of the presented syndrome to one of the known groups, or determination of a new clinical entity. (author)

58

Geography Teaching Students’ Perceptions on Turkish World (An Example of Atatürk University)  

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This study aims the determining the level of understanding and general knowledge and perceptions of Geography Teaching students on Turkish World and Turkish republics. The examples of the study were obtained from students of Atatürk University Faculty of Education, Department of Geography Teaching. A scale consisted of open ended questions in order to determine the level of knowledge and perceptions of the sample group on Turkish World and Turkish republics.According to findings, students wi...

Mete Al?m

2009-01-01

59

Research Experiences for 14 Year Olds: preliminary report on the `Sky Explorer' pilot program at Springfield (MA) High School of Science and Technology  

Science.gov (United States)

This NSF supported program, emphasizing hands-on learning and observation with modern instruments, is described in its pilot phase, prior to being launched nationally. A group of 14 year old students are using a small (21 cm) computer controlled telescope and CCD camera to do: (1) a 'sky survey' of brighter celestial objects, finding, identifying, and learning about them, and accumulating a portfolio of images, (2) photometry of variable stars, reducing the data to get a light curve, and (3) learn modern computer-based communication/dissemination skills by posting images and data to a Web site they are designing (http://www.javanet.com/ sky) and contributing data to archives (e.g. AAVSO) via the Internet. To attract more interest to astronomy and science in general and have a wider impact on the school and surrounding community, peer teaching is used as a pedagogical technique and families are encouraged to participate. Students teach e.g. astronomy, software and computers, Internet, instrumentation, and observing to other students, parents and the community by means of daytime presentations of their results (images and data) and evening public viewing at the telescope, operating the equipment themselves. Students can contribute scientifically significant data and experience the `discovery' aspect of science through observing projects where a measurement is made. Their `informal education' activities also help improve the perception of science in general and astronomy in particular in society at large. This program could benefit from collaboration with astronomers wanting to organize geographically distributed observing campaigns coordinated over the Internet and willing to advise on promising observational programs for small telescopes in the context of current science.

Tucker, G. E.

1997-05-01

60

Geography Teaching Students’ Perceptions on Turkish World (An Example of Atatürk University  

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Full Text Available This study aims the determining the level of understanding and general knowledge and perceptions of Geography Teaching students on Turkish World and Turkish republics. The examples of the study were obtained from students of Atatürk University Faculty of Education, Department of Geography Teaching. A scale consisted of open ended questions in order to determine the level of knowledge and perceptions of the sample group on Turkish World and Turkish republics.According to findings, students with information about the Turkish World and Turkish republics are sufficient level. Students have pointed that Turkey can be considered as the leader of the Turkish World. They have stressed that the most important problem of the Turkish World inadequate relationships.

Mete Al?m

2009-10-01

 
 
 
 
61

An Analysis of Turkish High School Students' Metacognition and Motivation  

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The present study aimed at investigating Turkish high school students' metacognition and its relation to achievement goals (mastery approach goals, mastery avoidance goals, performance approach goals, performance avoidance goals), perceived competence, and perceived classroom environment (challenge and threat). Metacognition was examined in terms…

Sungur, Semra; Senler, Burcu

2009-01-01

62

To What Extent Do Pupils Perceive Science to Be Inconsistent with Religious Faith? An Exploratory Survey of 13-14 Year-Old English Pupils  

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Scientists hold a wide range of beliefs on matters of religion, although popular media coverage in the UK commonly suggests that atheism is a core commitment for scientists. Considering the relationship between religion and science is a recommended topic in the English National Curriculum for lower secondary pupils (11-14 year-olds), and it is…

Taber, Keith S.; Billingsley, Berry; Riga, Fran; Newdick, Helen

2011-01-01

63

Truancy as a Contextual and School-Related Problem: A Comparative Multilevel Analysis of Country and School Characteristics on Civic Knowledge among 14 Year Olds  

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In recent years, various governments and education agencies have developed stricter policies to reduce truancy levels, mainly based on the argument that truancy is associated with risk behaviour, crime and substance abuse. In this article, we use a large, 28-nation comparative survey among 14 year olds to detect general patterns in consequences…

Claes, Ellen; Hooghe, Marc; Reeskens, Tim

2009-01-01

64

Value Orientations in Relation to Mathematical Self-Esteem: An Exploratory Study of Their Role in Mathematical Achievement among German, Israeli, and Canadian 14-Year-Olds  

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The present paper offers an exploration of the role achievement values play in the generation of mathematical achievement as measured in school grades and test scores. Based on a comparative study of 1665 German, Israeli, and Canadian 14-year-olds two hypotheses are tested. First, it is assumed that achievement value preferences have a dual role…

Boehnke, Klaus

2005-01-01

65

Field assessment of balance in 10 to 14 year old children, reproducibility and validity of the Nintendo Wii board  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Because body proportions in childhood are different to those in adulthood, children have a relatively higher centre of mass location. This biomechanical difference and the fact that children's movements have not yet fully matured result in different sway performances in children and adults. When assessing static balance, it is essential to use objective, sensitive tools, and these types of measurement have previously been performed in laboratory settings. However, the emergence of technologies like the Nintendo Wii Board (NWB) might allow balance assessment in field settings. As the NWB has only been validated and tested for reproducibility in adults, the purpose of this study was to examine reproducibility and validity of the NWB in a field setting, in a population of children. METHODS: Fifty-four 10-14 year-olds from the CHAMPS-Study DK performed four different balance tests: bilateral stance with eyes open (1), unilateral stance on dominant (2) and non-dominant leg (3) with eyes open, and bilateral stance with eyes closed (4). Three rounds of the four tests were completed with the NWB and with a force platform (AMTI). To assess reproducibility, an intra-day test-retest design was applied with a two-hour break between sessions. RESULTS: Bland-Altman plots supplemented by Minimum Detectable Change (MDC) and concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) demonstrated satisfactory reproducibility for the NWB and the AMTI (MDC: 26.3-28.2%, CCC: 0.76-0.86) using Centre Of Pressure path Length as measurement parameter. Bland-Altman plots demonstrated satisfactory concurrent validity between the NWB and the AMTI, supplemented by satisfactory CCC in all tests (CCC: 0.74-0.87). The ranges of the limits of agreement in the validity study were comparable to the limits of agreement of the reproducibility study. CONCLUSION: Both NWB and AMTI have satisfactory reproducibility for testing static balance in a population of children. Concurrent validity of NWB compared with AMTI was satisfactory. Furthermore, the results from the concurrent validity study were comparable to the reproducibility results of the NWB and the AMTI. Thus, NWB has the potential to replace the AMTI in field settings in studies including children. Future studies are needed to examine intra-subject variability and to test the predictive validity of NWB.

Larsen, Lisbeth Runge; JØrgensen, Martin GrØnbech

2014-01-01

66

LANGUAGE LEARNING IN SECOND LIFE: American and Turkish Students’ Experiences  

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Full Text Available There have been several attempts to integrate Web 2.0 technologies including podcasts, weblogs, wikis, and virtual 3D communities into language education thus far. Second Life, a virtual 3D community, might create unique opportunities for language learners specifically in the following ways: As a source of authentic interaction with target language speakers, a venue for language classes, and an autonomous study opportunity for learners. In this context, this study reports Second Life experiences of American students learning Turkish as a foreign language in the University of Florida, the USA and of Turkish students learning English as a foreign language at Gazi University, Turkey. The interviews demonstrated that both groups of students regarded Second Life as a contribution to authentic interaction with native language. Furthermore, the experiences indicated Second Life served as a good bridge for cultural competence and an inevitable tool to foster less threatened learning experiences despite challenges encountered on the way.

Cem BALCIKANLI

2012-04-01

67

THE EFFECT OF STRENGTH TRAINING ON SOME MOTOR ABILITIES IN 12-14 YEARS-OLD MALE TENNIS PLAYERS  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine effect of 8-week strength training on motor abilities of male tennis players between aged 12-14 years.The total 20 athletes which played in the Club of Ankara Tennis participated in the study, as experimental group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 years, Height:152.90±4.22 cm, Body mass:40.64±5.72 kg and control group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 y?l, Height:152.30±4.73 cm, Body mass:39.35±3.62 kg. The experimental group performed the strength training for 8 weeks in addition to tennis training. The control group performed only tennis training. The motor abilities were measured before the strength training period (pre-test and after the strength training (post-test for the experimental and control group. The results of pre-test of experimental and control group were defined as a co-variance and the difference between post-tests of variables was compared in univariate co-variance analysis. The difference between some performance variables of experimental and control groups was determined by using independent t test. The level of significance was set at p?0.05. There was no significant difference between heights of the experimental and control group and their body weights (p>0.05. There were no significant difference between results of peak power, mean power and fatique index of Wingate test performed by the experimental and control group (p>0.05. There was significant difference between the result of relative mean power of Wingate test performed by the experimental and control group (p?0.05. Although there were not found between durations of 5-m sprint, 30-m sprint, asymmetric sprint for the experimental group and control group (p>0.05, there was significant difference between those of 10-m sprint durations (p?0.05. The right and left hand grip strength of the experimental group was significantly higher than the right and left hand grip strength of the control group (p?0.01. The skinfold of the experimental group was significantly less than skinfold of the control group (p?0.01. The value of 20-m shuttle run of the experimental group was significantly higher than those of the control group (p?0.01. There was no significant difference between experimental group and control group in flexibility (p>0.05.As a result, the strength training for eight weeks improved the abilities of endurance, strength, and in some speed abilities in 12-14 year-old male tennis player, however it was observed that the strength training did not induce any changes in flexibility and anaerobic power.

Ferhat AKTA?

2011-04-01

68

Substance use in a sample of Turkish medical students.  

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This study identifies the prevalence of smoking, alcohol, and illicit drug use in a sample of Turkish medical students. Information about substance use was obtained from 304 first-year, and 143 sixth-year medical students from three different medical schools in Turkey. Nearly half of the students (53.9%) were non-drinkers. Risky alcohol use was 7.4%. Lifetime smoking prevalence was 39.9 and 26.4% of the junior and 44.1% of the senior medical students (mean consumption of 13.9 and 15.5 cigarettes a day, respectively) reported regular smoking. Nicotine dependence was present in 3.1%. Only 4% of the students reported using illicit drugs (cannabis, ecstasy, cocaine) at least once in their lifetime. The mean ages of first use of cigarettes, alcohol and illicit drugs were earlier for junior medical students than senior students. Of the students, 25.5% had anxiety and 36.8% had depression scores in the clinically significant range. Our results suggest that although Turkish medical students are not at a high risk of substance abuse it should not be underestimated, and the risk factors as well as the protective factors must be identified in nation-wide studies. PMID:14636966

Akvardar, Yildiz; Demiral, Yücel; Ergör, Gül; Ergör, Alp; Bilici, Mustafa; Akil Ozer, Omer

2003-11-24

69

Music Education Department students attitudes towards “Turkish Music History” course  

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Full Text Available This research was conducted in order to analyze the attitudes of second, third, and fourth grade students at the Faculty of Education, Department of Music Education towards the Turkish Music History course. Descriptive research methods with quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been adopted with an integrated approach. The sample group includes 871 second, third, and fourth students from Music Education Departments of 12 universities in Turkey. Data have been obtained via a Turkish Music History Course Attitude Scale which was developed by the researcher. According to the findings of the research, students have stated that factors such as the inadequacy of the way the course was given, the attitude of the lecturer, the number of topics covered, the insipidity of the classes, the inappropriateness of the location and time of the classes, and the difficulty of the exams are the main reasons that negatively affected their attitudes. Nevertheless, they have stated that they enjoyed learning about Turkish music that the course contributed to their general knowledge and culture, that they liked the topics and that the course makes a positive impact on other courses; and they have made various suggestions.

Burçin Uçaner

2013-03-01

70

Student Attitudes toward Technology Enhanced History Education: Comparison between Turkish and American Students  

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Full Text Available Teacher and student attitudes towards the technology enhanced instruction plays a critical role in determining its effectiveness. The purpose of the study is to examine Turkish and American students’ attitudes and thoughts toward the use of educational technologies in history courses, and to compare the results to determine whether there are any differences between the attitudes of Turkish and American student. This study was conducted with 197 American students from Upper Saint Claire High school in Pittsburgh, PA, and 214 Turkish students from Konya High school who volutered for this study. The required data for this study were gathered by a 26-item technology questionnaire, which included 7 multiple-choice questions and 19 Likert scale questions. This questionnaire was developed to gather data on five different areas of interest: (1 demographic information, (2 participants’ computer- and Internet-usage skills, (3 the level of technology used in history classrooms, (4 participants’ attitudes toward technology-enhanced history education, and (5 participants’ attitudes toward history. Most of the Turkish and American students rated themselves as being very well experienced on the eight computer- and Internet-usage skills targeted in this study. But the comparison of the data indicated that American students have higher computer- and Internet-usage skills than Turkish students do, and this difference is statistically significant (p = 0.001. Most of the Turkish and American students showed positive attitudes on using educational technologies in history classrooms. A majority of the Turkish and American students stated that they would be able to focus and learn better if more technological materials were used in classroom activities, and this, in turn, would increase their academic achievements.

Ibrahim Turan

2010-05-01

71

To what extent do pupils perceive science to be inconsistent with religious faith? An exploratory survey of 13-14 year-old English pupils  

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Scientists hold a wide range of beliefs on matters of religion, although popular media coverage in the UK commonly suggests that atheism is a core commitment for scientists. Considering the relationship between religion and science is a recommended topic in the English National Curriculum for lower secondary pupils (11-14 year-olds), and it is expected that different perspectives will be considered. However it is well established that many pupils may have difficulty accessing sophisticated id...

Taber, Keith; Billingsley, Berry; Riga, Fran; Newdick, Helen

2011-01-01

72

Turkish nursing students' knowledge and perceptions regarding virginity.  

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The aim of this study was to describe the level of knowledge and perceptions of the Turkish nursing students regarding virginity, the virginity examination and the hymen repair. A convenience sample was used for the study purpose. An investigator designed questionnaire was administered to a total sample of 781 undergraduate nursing students originating from two universities in Mersin and Gaziantep, Turkey, respectively. The results showed that the participating nursing students agreed that a man must marry a virgin woman and the students' opinions had been affected by the social pressures and the social values regarding virginity. In additon, it was found that the repair of the hymen was acceptable by the participating students. The findings of this study addressed and highlighted the gap in the knowledge on virginity related violence so as to improve the educational programmes and clinical practice within the context of preparing nurses for an extended role in violence against women. PMID:22405344

Zeynelo?lu, Simge; K?sa, Sezer; Y?lmaz, Duygu

2013-02-01

73

Bullying among Turkish High School Students  

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Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate school bullying among public high school students in Turkey. Method: This study used a survey to examine different aspects of bullying in schools. The participants (N=692) were students chosen from five state high schools in Ankara in the 2000-2001 academic year. A self-administered…

Kepenekci, Yasemin Karaman; Cinkir, Sakir

2006-01-01

74

Turkish High School Students' Perceptions of Leaders and Characteristics of Leadership  

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Leaders mentioned in history courses are often viewed by Turkish students either as positive role models or as perpetrators of negative deeds. The leadership models included in Turkish high school course materials may significantly influence student perceptions. The purpose of this research study was to determine the effect of a history course in…

Ulusoy, Kadir

2011-01-01

75

High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience  

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Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ)…

Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

2009-01-01

76

Predicting Turkish Ninth Grade Students' Algebra Preformance  

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Full Text Available The prediction of students’ achievement in algebra in eighth and ninth grades has become a research interest for practical issues of placement. A group of simple, easily accessible variables was used to predict student performance in algebra after completion of eighth grade. The three variables of school type, grade level, and previous year mathematics performance explained 54% of the variance in algebra performance. Furthermore, school type was the dominant predictor of performance, explaining 33% of the total variation in algebra achievement.

Ayhan Kursat Erbas

2005-01-01

77

Turkish Students' Ideas about Global Warming  

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A questionnaire was used to explore the prevalence of ideas about global warming in Year 10 (age 15-16 years) school students in Turkey. The frequencies of individual scientific ideas and misconceptions about the causes, consequences and "cures" of global warming were identified. In addition, several general findings emerged from this study.…

Kilinc, Ahmet; Stanisstreet, Martin; Boyes, Edward

2008-01-01

78

Factors Affecting Turkish Students' Achievement in Mathematics  

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Following past researches, student background, learning strategies, self-related cognitions in mathematics and school climate variables were important for achievement. The purpose of this study was to identify a number of factors that represent the relationship among sets of interrelated variables using principal component factor analysis and…

Demir, Ibrahim; Kilic, Serpil; Depren, Ozer

2009-01-01

79

A validity and reliability study of physical activity enjoyment scale-short form for Turkish children and youth  

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Full Text Available Although there are many benefits of physical activity on people, it is important to provide enjoyment in the physical activity to increase and ensure the continuity of the participation. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form for the 9-14 years old Turkish students. 150 students (91 girls, 59 boys in 4-8 classes from Hatay, ?stanbul and Krd. Ere?li were participated in this study. The expert report, descriptive factor analysis, Confirmatory factor analysis were used to construct validity of the study and Cronbach Alpha internal coefficient value was performed for the reliability of Turkish version of Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form. Results of the exploratory factor analysis showed that the factor values of the items between .606 and .735, the eigenvalue 2.351 and descriptive variance value % 47.017 were found. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the adaptive values of the scale were RMSEA = .057, ?² / df = 1.476, TLI = .960, CFI = .980 and SRMR = .039. According to the results the single factorial construct was supported. The Cronbach Alpha internal coefficient value was .711. As a result, it can be said that the Turkish version of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form is valid and reliable scale for the 9-14 years old children and youth to explain their enjoyment level in physical activity.

A. Dilsad Mirzeo?lu

2014-04-01

80

Erdheim-Chester disease with rare radiological features in a 14-year old girl with pre-B Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia and Diabetes mellitus  

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We report a case of a 14 year-old girl with Diabetes Mellitus who was in remission with pre-B cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and subsequently diagnosed with Erdheim-Chester disease. Erdheim-Chester disease is a non-Langerhans cell histiocytosis and is very rare in children. In addition, the radiological features of the lesions are atypical and have not been reported in children. There is no known association between the three conditions and this is the first reported case in the literature. A literature review of Erdheim-Chester disease will be performed. PMID:25426240

Krishna, Varanasi Venkata Rama; James, Teo Eu Leong Harvey; Chang, Kenneth Tou En; Yen, Soh Shui

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Intraspinal mesenchymal chondrosarcoma in a 14-year-old patient: diagnostic and therapeutic problems in relation to the review of literature.  

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Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (MC) is an infrequent, highly malignant neoplasm of the soft tissues and bone. It is very rare in the pediatric age group, especially in the intraspinal location. Only 24 cases have been reported to date. The authors present a case of a 14-year-old boy with an intraspinal MC who died of the disease 50 months from the initial diagnosis and after the third local recurrence. The patient was treated with a combination of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery. The authors review the clinical presentation, diagnostics, and the efficacy of treatment of pediatric patients with MC reported in the literature from 1978 to 2010. PMID:22627573

Obuchowicz, Anna Karolina; Szumera-Cie?kiewicz, Anna; Ptaszy?ski, Konrad; Rutynowska-Pronicka, Olga; Madziara, Wojciech; Tiszler-Cie?lik, Ewa; Cie?cia?a, Ma?gorzata; Pietrzak, Jolanta; G?owacki, Jan; Perek, Danuta

2012-07-01

82

Socioeconomic differences in selected dietary habits among Norwegian 13–14 year-olds: a cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Background: Social inequalities in health are a major and even growing problem in all European countries. Objective: The aim of the present study was to describe 1 differences in dietary habits among Norwegian adolescents by gender and socioeconomic status; 2 differences in self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines among their parents according to socioeconomic status. Design: In 2012, a cross-sectional study where students filled in a web-based food frequency questionnaire at school was conducted in nine lower secondary schools in Vest-Agder County, Norway. Socioeconomic status (SES and knowledge of dietary guidelines were obtained from the parents using a web-based questionnaire. In total, 517 ninth-grade students (mean age 13.9 out of 742 invited students participated in the study, giving a participation rate of 69.7%. The total number of dyads with information on both parents and students was 308 (41.5%. Results: The findings indicate that there is a tendency for girls to have a healthier diet than boys, with greater intake of fruits and vegetables (girls intake in median 3.5 units per day and boys 2.9 units per day, and lower intake of soft drinks (girls 0.25 l in median versus boys 0.5 l per week. Students from families with higher SES reported a significant higher intake of vegetables and fish, and lower intake of soft drinks and fast food than those from lower SES. Parents with higher SES reported a significantly better knowledge of dietary guidelines compared to those with lower SES. Conclusions: Differences in dietary habits were found between groups of students by gender and SES. Differences were also found in parents’ self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines. This social patterning should be recognized in public health interventions.

Madelene Skårdal

2014-07-01

83

LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGY PREFERENCES OF TURKISH STUDENTS  

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A learning style is a preferred way of acquiring knowledge and processing information. Learning styles may differ depending on gender, age, or culture. Niles (1995) in his study “Cultural Differences in Learning Motivation and Learning Strategies” studied the cultural impact on learning strategies and found considerable differences between culturally different students.Providing evidence for the relationship between culture and learning strategy preference and use, this study aims at exam...

Selma Deneme

2008-01-01

84

Condom-related beliefs among Turkish university students  

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Full Text Available Young people are at a high risk of contracting HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI. However, their rate of condom use is low. The purpose of the study is to investigate health beliefs affecting condom use among Turkish university students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from June to September of 2007. Two hundred and fifty-four (254 university students were interviewed using a questionnaire. A logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with condom use. Sixteen (16 percent of the females and 67 percent of the males used condoms during their last sexual intercourse. Failure to use a condom was related to a perceived reduction in sexual satisfaction [OR = 5.46 (1.69 – 17.60] and financial limitations [OR = 2.76 (1.46 – 5.20]. These data will be useful in designing and improving HIV/STD prevention programs in Turkey.

Serap Bulduk

2013-01-01

85

The Turkish Primary Students’ Understanding Of Scientific Events And Questions  

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Full Text Available The students’ scientific conceptualizations of the things are important as they are responsible for their attitudes and behaviours. Therefore, it is believed that knowing about the students’ understanding of scientific questions and events are important as they are the indicators of their science self-concept. The purpose of this study was to explore the Turkish primary students’ understanding of scientific issues on the basis of scientific events and questions including their conception of being scientific. In order to achieve this, 30 students from six different schools located in the different parts of one of the western cities in Turkey were interviewed by using semi structured interview form. At the end, generally it was seen that students are not able to express their own understanding of scientific events and questions. Moreover, explaining the meaning of being scientific was quite challenging. Interestingly, the majority of students ignored the methodological issues of science besides having difficulty in easily relating the science to daily live.

Gül Ünal ÇOBAN

2011-06-01

86

Spatial patterns of the congenital heart disease prevalence among 0- to 14-year-old children in Sichuan Basin, P. R China, from 2004 to 2009  

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Background Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common type of major birth defects in Sichuan, the most populous province in China. The detailed etiology of CHD is unknown but some environmental factors are suspected as the cause of this disease. However, the geographical variations in CHD prevalence would be highly valuable in providing a clue on the role of the environment in CHD etiology. Here, we investigate the spatial patterns and geographic differences in CHD prevalence among 0- to 14-year-old children, discuss the possible environmental risk factors that might be associated with CHD prevalence in Sichuan Basin from 2004 to 2009. Methods The hierarchical Bayesian model was used to estimate CHD prevalence at the township level. Spatial autocorrelation statistics were performed, and a hot-spot analysis with different distance thresholds was used to identify the spatial pattern of CHD prevalence. Distribution and clustering maps were drawn using geographic information system tools. Results CHD prevalence was significantly clustered in Sichuan Basin in different spatial scale. Typical hot/cold clusters were identified, and possible CHD causes were discussed. The association between selected hypothetical environmental factors of maternal exposure and CHD prevalence was evaluated. Conclusions The largest hot-spot clustering phenomena and the CHD prevalence clustering trend among 0- to 14-year-old children in the study area showed a plausibly close similarity with those observed in the Tuojiang River Basin. The high ecological risk of heavy metal(Cd, As, and Pb)sediments in the middle and lower streams of the Tuojiang River watershed and ammonia–nitrogen pollution may have contribution to the high prevalence of CHD in this area. PMID:24924350

2014-01-01

87

Turkish Science Student Teachers' Conceptions on the States of Matter  

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Full Text Available This study aims to determine science students teachers’ conceptions on the concepts related to ‘the matter and the states of the matter’. 112 Turkish science student teachers participated at this research. A questionnaire consisting of thirteen open-ended items was designed to collect the data. The questionnaire aimed to reveal the students’ views concerning; the features of ‘solid, liquid and gas’ states and their application in everyday life, the state of matter at room temperature and in normal conditions, the particulate structure of matter, unique properties of each particle of matter, the relationship between the force of attraction between these particles and room temperature. The results were analyzed mainly qualitatively, but also quantitatively. As an outcome of the analysis, fourteen misconceptions were determined. These misconceptions can be categorized as ‘mentioning of the state of matter without specifying the temperature and the pressure’, ‘not comprehending that liquids evaporate at any temperature’, ‘not understanding the features of the particulate structures of solid, liquid and gas substances (volume and the number of the particles’.

Abdullah Aydin

2013-04-01

88

The Prevalence of Essential Tremor in Turkish Medical Students  

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Full Text Available Objectives: To determine the clinical findings and prevalence of essential tremor (ET in Turkish Medical Students.Background: The prevalence of ET is higher than other movement disorders and its prevalence ranges from 0.4 to 3.9 % worldwide and the age of onset of essential tremor is unclear. In previous studies a bimodal distribution in age of onset with peaks in the second and sixth decades of life has been reported.Patients and methods: Two hundred twenty-one medical school students from the Afyon Kocatepe University School of Medicine, aged 17 – 26 years, were included in this study. The study was planned in two phases. In phase 1, a short questionnaire including screening questions for tremor was administered to the subjects. In phase 2; suspected subjects were evaluated according to the scales for tremor by a neurology specialist and a final diagnosis was made.Results: In Phase 1; 24 subjects (10.8 % were screened as positive and were referred to phase 2. All of the tremor positive students were evaluated by direct examination. A diagnosis of ET was made in 6 subjects (2.7 %.Conclusions: In this study, we demonstrated the ET prevalence and anatomic distribution in a selected young population with the same level of education and similar age interval, and the prevalence of ET in our group was 2.7%. Although this was a small group, our results have similar prevalence rates and anatomic distribution with other studies.

Ozge Yilmaz KUSBECI

2009-03-01

89

Parental education, body mass index and prevalence of obesity among 14-year-old boys between 1987 and 1997 in Wroclaw, Poland  

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The main aim of this study was to examine changes in relative weight and prevalence of obesity across a ten-year period among 14-year-old boys according to parental education level. Data from two surveys, carried out in 1987 and 1997, of boys attending the 7th grade of primary schools in Wroclaw were used in the analysis. The heights and weights of 3165 boys aged 14 years selected from cohort of 6969 7th and 8th grade boys from all primary schools of the city Wroclaw were used. The data of the second sample of 14-year-old boys (n = 1014) were obtained from a health examination study carried out in the Silesian Centre for Preventive Medicine, 'DOLMED', in Wroclaw in 1997. All boys attended the 7th grade of 34 randomly selected primary schools from a total of 129 schools in the city of Wroclaw. Social status was assessed on the basis of parental education level scored to four categories: university, secondary school, trade school, and elementary school. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was defined as the percentage of children above the 85th and 95th percentiles of the body mass index (BMI), the means of which were 21.27 and 23.75 kg/m2 respectively. Prevalence of overweight among boys is slightly lower in the 1997 sample, whereas the prevalence of obesity shows the opposite trend and is higher by more than one percent in comparison with the 1987 sample. Similar trends of declining medians and increasing variance are observed in all educational groupsnce are observed in all educational groups. The differences in medians between the two samples within educational groups did not achieve statistical significance for the groups with parents with education at elementary level and fathers with university education. There is a trend toward increasing prevalence of obesity across the decade considered, according to father's education level. With respect to mother's education levels, the most dramatic changes in BMI and obesity occurred in the elementary education group, where the percentage of obese subjects increased more than twofold. A significant increase is also observed in the group with parents attaining university education

90

Spinal epidural en-plaque meningioma with an unusual pattern of calcification in a 14-year-old girl: case report and review of the literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 14-year-old girl who presented with a severe sensory-motor-sphincter syndrome was found to be harboring an epidural tumor situated posteriorly in the spinal canal from C5 through C7 levels. The mass had computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging features suggesting an unusual stratified architecture, with a conspicuous highly calcific component firmly adherent to the dura and a non-calcific mass surrounding it posteriorly and laterally. Although meningiomas have a low incidence in the first two decades of life, and in the spine they rarely have entirely extradural location at any age, a meningioma was suspected. Intraoperative biopsy confirmed the tumor to be benign, and careful total resection including the whole large dural implant was carried out; the wide dural defect was grafted with fascia lata. A meningothelial meningioma with a largely calcified psammomatous component was diagnosed. The girl made a complete recovery, and is tumor-free 9 years postoperatively. Outcome from surgery for spinal meningiomas can be good, despite the severity of the preoperative condition; however, en-plaque and highly calcific tumors still bear a poorer prognosis. Complete resection is mandatory in children, in whom they are extremely rare. Modern imaging techniques help in making a correct initial diagnosis and optimizing surgery in order to provide good results, even in more-challenging cases. (orig.)

91

Successful treatment of a 14-year-old patient with intestinal malrotation with laparoscopic Ladd procedure: case report and literature review.  

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Midgut malrotation is an anomaly of intestinal rotation that occurs during fetal development and usually presents in the neonatal period. We present a rare case of malrotation in a 14-year-old patient who presented with cramping, generalized right abdominal pain, and vomiting for a duration of one day. A computed tomography abdominal scan and upper gastrointestinal contrast studies showed malrotation of the small bowel without volvulus. Laparoscopy revealed typical Ladd's bands and a distended flabby third and fourth duodenal portion extrinsically obstructing the misplaced duodeno-jejunal junction. The Ladd procedure, including widening of the mesenteric base and appendectomy, was performed. Symptoms completely resolved in a half-year follow up period. Patients with midgut malrotation may present with vague abdominal pain, intestinal obstruction, or intestinal ischemia. The laparoscopic Ladd procedure is feasible and safe, and it appears to be as effective as the standard open Ladd procedure in the diagnosis and treatment of teenage or adult patients with intestinal malrotation. PMID:23684081

Nakajima, Yuka; Sakata, Hiroyuki; Yamaguchi, Tomohiro; Yoshie, Norichika; Yamada, Taihei; Osako, Takaaki; Terashima, Mariko; Mambo, Naomi; Saka, Ryuta; Nose, Satoko; Sasaki, Takashi; Okuyama, Hiroomi; Nakao, Atsunori; Kotani, Joji

2013-01-01

92

Popliteal artery injury following traumatic knee joint dislocation in a 14-year-old boy: A case report and review of the literature  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Posterior knee joint dislocation associated with injury of the popliteal artery in children is an extremely rare condition. Rapid diagnosis and treatment are essential for limb salvage and function. Case report. We reported a 14-year-old boy who suffered traumatic displacement of the right knee and contusion of the popliteal artery during motorcycle accident. The diagnosis was confirmed using Doppler and duplex ultrasonography and digital substraction transfemoral arteriography. The urgent surgical procedure was performed using posterior approach to the popliteal artery. During the surgical exploration, rupture of the posterior cruciate ligament associated with thrombosed popliteal artery have been found. The damaged popliteal artery was resected and replaced with autologous saphenous vein graft. The last stage of the procedure was a transosseous femoral fixation of posterior circuate ligament. A 3-year-follow-up after the surgery demonstrated intact arterial perfusion and very good function of the knee with a minimal difference as compared with the contralateral knee. Conclusion. Combined orthopedic and vascular injuries are very rare in children. They require combined treatment. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175008

Cvetkovi? Slobodan

2014-01-01

93

Casos clínicos en Cardiología (n.º 8): adolescente de 14 años con dolor torácico / Clinical cases in Cardiology (nº. 8): 14 years old adolescent with chest pain  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Continuamos con la serie de casos clínicos en Cardiología pediátrica, revisando los motivos de consulta frecuentes en las consultas de Pediatría de Atención Primaria, presentados de forma breve y práctica y tratando de mostrar la utilidad del electrocardiograma, método diagnóstico del que disponemos [...] en Atención Primaria. En este número se presenta el caso de un adolescente de 14 años que se queja de dolor torácico. Se discute cómo las características del dolor y los hallazgos electrocardiográficos orientan el manejo de este paciente. Abstract in english We continue the series in Paediatric Cardiology checking frequent reasons for consultation in the paediatric offices of Primary Care, presenting them in a brief and practical way and trying to show the electrocardiogram usefulness, diagnostic tool available at the Primary Care office. In this paper [...] we present the case of a 14 years old adolescent who complains of chest pain. The way clinical and electrocardiographic findings guide the diagnosis of this patient is discussed.

D., Crespo Marcos; F.J., Pérez-Lescure Picarzo.

94

An Investigation of Visual Reading Activities in Student Workbooks of 1st – 5th Grades Turkish Course  

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This study aims at investigating the situation of visual reading outcomes of 1st -5th grades Turkish Course in student workbook activities and the coherence between theactivities and outcomes. In this study, visual reading outcomes in Primary Education TurkishCourse Curriculum and those outcomes related with activities in “Turkish Course StudentWorkbooks” written by The Ministry of National Education in 2007 for 1st -5th grades wereinvestigated through documentary analysis. For data analy...

C?am Aktas?, Bilge

2010-01-01

95

Exploring academic procrastination among Turkish students: possible gender differences in prevalence and reasons.  

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The authors examined the prevalence of and reasons, or excuses, for academic procrastination as a function of gender and academic grade level. In Study 1, a factor analysis of responses by 203 Turkish undergraduate students to an academic procrastination measure provided evidence of reliability and validity for the revised scale. In Study 2,784 students (363 women, 421 men; M age = 20.6 years, SD age = 1.74 years) completed the validated Turkish Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students. The results were that 52% of students self-reported frequent academic procrastination, with male students reporting more frequent procrastination on academic tasks than female students. Significantly more female students than male students reported greater academic procrastination because of fear of failure and laziness; male students reported more academic procrastination as a result of risk taking and rebellion against control than did female students. PMID:19425360

Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Ferrari, Joseph R

2009-04-01

96

Renal medullary AA amyloidosis, hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleated hepatocytes in a 14-year-old free-ranging lioness (Panthera leo  

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Full Text Available A 14-year-old lioness, originating from Etosha in Namibia, and a member of a pride in Pilanesberg National Park since translocation in 1994, was euthanased due to fight-related vertebral fracture and spinal injury, incurred approximately 6-8 weeks previously. Blood specimens collected at the time of death showed mild anaemia and a leukogram reflecting stress and chronic infection. Necropsy conducted within 2 hours of death was on a dehydrated, emaciated animal with hindquarter wasting and chronic traumatic friction injuries from dragging her hindlegs. There was cellulitis in the region of bite-wounds adjacent to the thoraco-lumbar vertebral fracture, at which site there was spinal cord compression, and there was marked intestinal helminthiasis. The outer renal medullae appeared pale and waxy and the liver was macroscopically unremarkable. Histopathology and electron microscopy of the kidneys revealed multifocal to coalescing deposits of proximal medullary interstitial amyloid, which fluoresced strongly with thioflavine T, and was sensitive to potassium permanganate treatment prior to Congo Red staining, thus indicating inflammatory (AA origin. There was diffuse hepatocyte dissociation, as well as numerous binucleated and scattered multinucleated (up to 8 nuclei/cell hepatocytes, with swollen hepatocyte mitochondria, in liver examined light microscopically. Ultrastructurally, the mono-, bi- and multinucleated hepatocytes contained multifocal irregular membrane-bound accumulations of finely-granular, amorphous material both intra-cytoplasmically and intra-nuclearly, as well as evidence of irreversible mitochondrial injury. The incidence and relevance in cats and other species of amyloidosis, particularly with renal medullary distribution, as well as of hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleation, as reported in selected literature, is briefly overviewed and their occurrence in this lioness is discussed.

M. Momberg

2012-06-01

97

Teacher Use of Turkish Art To Motivate and Enlighten Elementary Level Students in Social Studies Reading and Research.  

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This activity is designed for use in connection with the study of Turkish history by elementary school students. The activity utilizes Turkish art to stimulate students to create their own written interpretations of history. The particular work of art studied is "Miniature with a Cat Design," from the collection of the Topkapi Museum in Istanbul.…

Lynn, Karen

98

Reflections of Turkish International Graduate Students: Studies on Life at a U.S. Midwestern University  

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A modified version of Moustakas' (1994) method of analyzing phenomenological data was used to illuminate how full-time, single, Turkish international graduate students conceptualized their experiences as international students. The participants detailed common and salient aspects of their experience: personal growth, decisions regarding…

Burkholder, Jessica Reno

2014-01-01

99

Relationships of Homework Motivation and Preferences to Homework Achievement and Attitudes in Turkish Students  

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Whether students' motivation, organizational approaches, physical needs, and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process predict homework achievement and attitudes toward homework was examined in 1,776 Turkish students in Grades 5 through 8. The Homework Motivation and Preference Questionnaire was utilized to assess…

Iflazoglu, Ayten; Hong, Eunsook

2012-01-01

100

Premarital Sex, Social Support, Submissive Behaviors, and Loneliness among Turkish University Students  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differences in social support, submissive behaviors, and loneliness existed among Turkish university students who had had premarital sexual intercourse and those who had not. Using self-reported questionnaires, students who had experienced sexual intercourse were contrasted with those who had…

Yalcin, Ilhan; Aricioglu, Ahu; Malkoc, Asude

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Opinions of Students at Turkish and German Universities on Turkey in the EU Accession Process  

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Turkey's candidacy for accession to the European Union (EU) dates back to many years and is still a current and highly disputed issue. This study was conducted to determine the opinions of students at Turkish and German universities on Turkey in relation to the European Union. Two hundred twenty six German students participated in the study from…

Celebi, Nurhayat

2009-01-01

102

Turkish students' scientific literacy scores: A multilevel analysis of data from Program for International Student Assessment  

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A vast majority of the studies exploring the associations between student and school related factors and standardized test scores were conducted in developed countries. On the other hand, research suggests that the generalization of the findings of those studies to developing countries often leads to incorrect conclusions. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of selected student- and school-level factors on 15-year old Turkish students' scientific literacy achievement. The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2006 database was utilized to explore (a) if there were differences among schools in terms of their mean scientific literacy scores, (b) which student-level factors can explain the differences in students' scores within a particular school, and (c) which school-level factors can explain the scientific literacy differences between schools. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) method was selected as the analytic method due to its usefulness in exploring relationships between a dependent variable and sets of layered independent variables. While the dependent variable of the study was represented by five plausible scores, independent variables consisted of 25 variables. Among those predictors, 15 were measured at student-level (level 1) and grouped in 4 clusters (background characteristics, teaching and learning factors, affective factors, and out-of school science related activities), and the remaining variables were measured at level 2 and grouped under two clusters (school resources and school context). The results of the study indicated that more than half of the variation in students' scientific literacy scores occurred among schools. While eight student-level variables---grade, economic, social and cultural status, general and personal value of science, responsibility for sustainable development, science self-efficacy, in-school time spent on science learning, and hands-on activities---explained about one-third of the variation at the student-level, three school-level predictors---school sector, mean economic, social and cultural status, and mean in-school time spent on learning---accounted for more than 70% of the variation at that level. Several findings of the present study were different than what mainstream research suggested. Instrumental motivation and interest in science were found to be insignificant in predicting scientific literacy of Turkish students; while the students' perceptions about the general value of science had a positive association with scientific literacy, their perceptions on the personal value of science had a negative association. Many factors included in the teaching and learning cluster had either no relationship (investigations and interactions) or negative relationship (hands-on experiences) with the scientific literacy of Turkish students. Teacher-student ratio, lack of instructional resources, and science teacher shortage were among the non-significant predictors of Turkish students' PISA scores.

Yilmaz, Haci Bayram

103

A cross-curricular physical activity intervention to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in 11-14 year olds: 'Activity Knowledge Circuit'  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease have been shown to track from childhood through to adulthood. Previous school-based physical activity interventions have demonstrated modest improvements to cardiovascular disease risk factors by implementing extra-curricular activities or improving current physical education curriculum. Few have attempted to increase physical activity in class-room taught curriculum subjects. This study will outline a school-based cross-curricular physical activity intervention to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in 11-14 year old children. Method/Design A South Wales Valley school of low socio-economic status has been selected to take part. Participants from year eight (12-13 years are to be assigned to an intervention group, with maturation-matched participants from years seven (11-12 years and nine (13-14 years assigned to a control group. A cross-curricular physical activity intervention will be implemented to increase activity by two hours a week for 18 weeks. Participants will briskly walk 3200 m twice weekly during curriculum lessons (60 minutes duration. With the exception of physical education, all curriculum subjects will participate, with each subject delivering four intervention lessons. The intervention will be performed outdoors and on school premises. An indoor course of equal distance will be used during adverse weather conditions. Cardiovascular disease risk factors will be measured pre- and post-intervention for intervention and control groups. These will take place during physical education lessons and will include measures of stature, mass, waist, hip, and neck circumferences, together with skinfold measure's taken at four sites. Blood pressure will be measured, and fitness status assessed via the 20 m multi-stage fitness test. Questionnaires will be used to determine activity behaviour (physical activity questionnaire for adolescence, diet (seven day food diary and maturation status. Fasting blood variables will include total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, glucose, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, adiponectin, and fibrinogen. Motivational variables and psychological well-being will be assessed by questionnaire. Discussion Our study may prove to be a cost effective strategy to increase school time physical activity to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in children. Trial Registration [NCT00998478

Rees Anwen

2009-12-01

104

The relationship between body composition and physical fitness in 14 year old adolescents residing within the Tlokwe local municipality, South Africa: The PAHL study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the relationship between body composition and physical fitness in 14?year-old high school adolescents of South Africa. Baseline data from a longitudinal study on physical activity and health (PAHLS may provide valuable information for future studies, hence to inform public health policy makers. The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence of underweight, normal weight and overweight among adolescents aged 14?years in the Tlokwe Local Municipality of the North West Province of South Africa, and to assess the association between physical fitness and body composition separately for boys and girls, adjusted for race and locality. Methods Body weight, height and triceps, and subscapular skinfolds of 256 adolescents (100 boys and 156 girls aged 14?years were measured, and percentage body fat and body mass index (BMI were calculated. BMI was used to determine underweight, normal weight and overweight based on the standard criterion. Physical fitness was assessed by standing broad jump, bent arm hang and sit-ups according to the EUROFIT fitness standard procedures. Multinomial logistic regression analyses stratified for gender and adjusted for race (black or white, and the locality (urban or township of the schools were used to analyze the data. Results In the total group 35.9% were underweight and 13.7% overweight. Boys were more underweight (44% than girls (30.7%. The prevalence of overweight was 8% in boys and 17.3% in girls. BMI was strongly (p?=?0.01 related with percentage body fat. Strong and significant positive associations between physical fitness and BMI for the underweight girls with high physical fitness scores (OR, 10.69 [95%CI: 2.81-40.73], and overweight girls with high physical fitness scores (OR, 0.11 [95%CI: 0.03-0.50] were found. Non-significant weaker positive relationship between physical fitness and BMI for the underweight boys with high physical fitness scores (OR, 1.80 [95%CI: 0.63-5.09], and the overweight boys with high physical fitness scores (OR, 0.18 [95%CI: 0.02-1.78] were found. Conclusion Both underweight and overweight among boys and girls in Tlokwe Local Municipality exist, and their effects on physical fitness performances were also noticed. As such, strategic physical activity, interventions or follow-up studies recognizing this relationship particularly in the overweight adolescents are needed. In addition, authorities in health and education departments dealing with adolescents should make use of this evidence base information in policies development.

Monyeki Makama

2012-05-01

105

Prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales en los niños menores de 14 años Prevalence of dento-maxillofacial anomalies in children younger than 14 years old  

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Full Text Available Las anomalías de la oclusión son la tercera causa de la pérdida de dientes en el mundo y consideradas un factor importante que atenta contra la integridad del sistema estomatognático. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 150 niños de 9 a 14 años de edad, de la escuela primaria "Pablo de la Torriente Brau" pertenecientes al área de salud de la Clínica Estomatológica "Antonio Briones Montoto" de Pinar del Río. El objetivo de esta investigación fue identificar la prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales según las variables seleccionadas, así como el comportamiento según los antecedentes patológicos individuales. La muestra se seleccionó a través de un muestreo aleatorio estratificado, proporcional al tamaño de los estratos. La información se registró en una base de datos mediante Microsoft Excel. Se realizó la comparación de proporciones de grupos independientes con el objetivo de determinar las variables de prevalencia más significativas y la prueba de Ji cuadrado para buscar la asociación entre dos variables independientes con un nivel de significación á=0.05. Las anomalías dentarias fueron las de mayor prevalencia, dentro de ellas, las versiones. El sexo más afectado fue el masculino así como el grupo de edades de 9 a 11 años de edad. Entre los factores etiológicos estudiados, los hábitos fueron los más frecuentes, seguido de los agentes físicos y la herencia. Se concluye que existe una alta prevalencia de anomalías dentarias en estrecha relación con los hábitos deformantes.The anomalies of dental occlusion are the third cause of teeth loss worldwide and are considered an important risk factor to the integrity of the stomatognathic system. A descriptive and cross-sectional research was conducted with 150 children from 9 to 14 years old who study at "Pablo de la Torriente Brau" Elementary School. This group of children belonged to "Antonio Briones Montoto" Dentistry Clinic, Pinar del Rio. This research was aimed at identifying the prevalence of dento-maxillofacial anomalies according to the chosen variables, and the behavior regarding individual pathologic records. The sample was chosen stratified at random, proportional to the size of strata. The information was collected in a database using Microsoft Excel. The comparison of independent proportion for groups and chi square test to find out the association between two independent variables with á=0.05 level of significance. Dental anomalies showed the highest prevalence, among them, the versions. Male sex and the group of ages from 9 to 11 were the most affected. Among the etiologic factors studied, deforming habits were the most frequent, followed by physical agents and inheritance. There exists a high prevalence of dental anomalies having a close relation to deforming habits.

Celeste García Díaz

2011-06-01

106

Validity and Reliability of the Revised Physical Anhedonia Scale-Turkish Version in University Students  

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Full Text Available Objective: Rado and Meehl proposed anhedonia as a main symptom and as a basis of other symptoms of schizotypy and schizophrenia. However, anhedonia was accepted as an important and standard symptom of schizophrenia after being classified as negative symptom by Andreassen. Chapman examined anhedonia as social and physical, and in 1976, has`developed the Physical Anhedonia Scale (PAS; it has been frequently used in the research projects. This study aims to explore the validity and reliability of the PAS-Turkish version in university students. Methods: PAS was translated into Turkish and some items were culturally adapted. The Turkish version was applied to university students twice with a three-week interval. Results: Regarding the internal consistency of the scale, the a values were: 0.84 for the whole sample, 0,85 for males and 0.82 for females. Eleven items with low item-rest correlations were excluded from the Turkish version. The test-retest reliability was 0,60. Discussion: The internal consistency and test-retest reliability values were acceptable. The Turkish version of PAS is eligible to be used in schizotypy research and to test different hypothesis related to physical anhedonia. However, it must be noted that the concept of physical anhedonia is considerably influenced by culture. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2009; 46 Supplement: 43-8

Bora BASKAK

2009-12-01

107

Attitudes Towards Euthanasia among University Students: A Sample Based on Turkish Population  

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In Turkey, euthanasia has not become a subject of public debate and concern. This study gives the results of Turkish university students on attitudes to euthanasia. The main aims of the study were: to assess the impact of type of education on attitudes towards euthanasia and to determine the influence of socio-demographics on attitudes of the students towards euthanasia. In total, 878 volunteered undergraduate registered students with the mean age of 21.13±1.92 year from six universities wer...

Ummuhan Bas Aslan; Ugur Cavlak

2007-01-01

108

A Case Study of a Turkish Dyslexic Student Learning English as a Foreign Language  

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The present case study first describes the difficulties a Turkish dyslexic learner faces in learning English as a foreign language. It then explores the effects of positive teacher support and some motivational strategies on this specific student’s learning process. Data were collected through observation, interviews and analysis of documents including student work, assignment sheets and exam papers over a period of six weeks. The results indicate that the participant benefited greatly from...

Esra Erkan; Irem K?z?laslan; Sunay Y?ld?r?m Dogru

2012-01-01

109

A Comparative Study of Turkish Elementary and Science Education Major Students' Knowledge Levels at the Popular Biotechnological Issues  

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The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of popular biotechnological issues of Turkish science and elementary teacher candidates. A questionnaire was administered during 2006-2007 school term to 336 students pursuing their education in the departments of science and elementary education in two Turkish universities. The…

Turkmen, Lutfullah; Darcin, Emine Selcen

2007-01-01

110

Factors Mediating the Effect of Gender on Ninth-Grade Turkish Students' Misconceptions Concerning Electric Circuits  

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This study was designed to identify and analyze possible factors that mediate the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits. A Simple Electric Circuit Concept Test (SECCT), including items with both practical and theoretical contexts, and an Interest-Experience Questionnaire about Electricity…

Sencar, Selen; Eryilmaz, Ali

2004-01-01

111

Suicidality, Problem-Solving Skills, Attachment Style, and Hopelessness in Turkish Students  

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Among 180 Turkish university students, the probability of suicide was strongly predicted by both hopelessness and deficiencies in problem solving. In addition, for women, unhealthy attachment styles (preoccupied and dismissing) also predicted suicidality. The clinical implications of these findings are that psychotherapists should focus on helping…

Zeyrek, Emek Yuce; Gencoz, Faruk; Bergman, Yoav; Lester, David

2009-01-01

112

Turkish School Students and Global Warming: Beliefs and Willingness to Act  

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One aim of environmental education is to persuade people to act in more pro-environmental ways. However, there is not a linear relationship between environmental knowledge "in general" and a willingness to act pro-environmentally. This research explores, using a specially-devised questionnaire, Turkish school students' beliefs about the benefits…

Kilinc, Ahmet; Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin

2011-01-01

113

Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students  

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In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

Civitci, Asim

2010-01-01

114

Turkish University Students' Motivation to Learn English: Integration into International Community  

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This article explores Turkish university students' motivation and orientations toward learning English in a globalizing world. The study utilizes questionnaire responses and a focus group interview. Factor analysis of questionnaire data revealed three independent orientations, namely, "Integration into International Community," "Integration into…

Bektas-Cetinkaya, Yesim

2012-01-01

115

Problematic Internet Use among Turkish University Students: A Multidimensional Investigation Based on Demographics and Internet Activities  

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This study investigated the Turkish undergraduate university students' problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.). Moreover, the study explored some predictors of…

Tekinarslan, Erkan; Gurer, Melih Derya

2011-01-01

116

Comportamiento de las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales en niños de 9 a 14 años / Behavior of dentomaxillofacial anomalies in children from 9 to 14 years old  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales comprenden las alteraciones de crecimiento, desarrollo y fisiologísmo de los componentes anatómicos que conforman el sistema estomatognático. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 150 niños de 9 a 14 años de edad, de las escuelas atendidas en la Clínica [...] Estomatológica "Antonio Briones Montoto" de Pinar del Río, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2008 y julio de 2009, con el objetivo de identificar la prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales según las variables seleccionadas y el comportamiento según los antecedentes patológicos individuales. La muestra se seleccionó a través de un muestreo aleatorio estratificado proporcional al tamaño de los estratos. Los niños fueron examinados en sus aulas, con luz natural, usando depresores linguales. La información recogida fue recopilada en una base de datos mediante Microsoft Excel, y se procesó por el programa estadístico Statistical Package for the Social Science Versión 10.0 para Windows. Se realizó la comparación de proporciones de grupos independientes con el objetivo de determinar las variables de prevalencia más significativas y la prueba Ji cuadrado en su variante de independencia para verificar la relación entre las categorías seleccionadas. Las anomalías dentarias fueron las alteraciones más prevalentes. El sexo más afectado fue el masculino, así como el grupo de edades de 9-11 años. Entre los factores etiológicos estudiados los hábitos fueron los más frecuentes seguido de los agentes físicos. Se concluye que existe una alta prevalencia de anomalías dentarias en estrecha relación con los hábitos deformantes. Abstract in english Dentomaxillofacial anomalies include growing alterations, development and the physiology of the anatomical components that constitute the stomatognathic system. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with 150 children from 9 to 14 years old of the schools attending at "Antonio Briones Mo [...] ntoto" Dentist Clinic in Pinar del Rio, during January 2008-July 2009. The study was aimed at identifying the prevalence of dentomaxillofacial anomalies regarding chosen variables and the behavior according to individual past pathologies. The sample was taken using a stratified, at random, and proportional to the stratus size sampling. Children were examined in their classrooms, with natural light and using lingual depressor. The information was collected in a database by means of Microsoft Excel, processing it by the statistical program of Statistical Package for the Social Science, Version 10.0 to Windows. A comparison of proportions of independent groups was performed with the purpose of determining the most significant variables of prevalence and chi-square test in its variance of independence to verify the relation among the chosen categories. Dental anomalies were the most prevalent anomalies. Male sex and the age bracket of 9-11 prevailed. Among the etiological factors studied, the habits were the most frequent followed by physical agents; observing a high prevalence of dental anomalies in close relation to deforming habits.

Yairis, Duque Alberro; Arlene L, Corrales León; Yolaini, Pulido Valladares; Anay, Rezk Díaz.

2011-09-01

117

Prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales en los niños menores de 14 años / Prevalence of dento-maxillofacial anomalies in children younger than 14 years old  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las anomalías de la oclusión son la tercera causa de la pérdida de dientes en el mundo y consideradas un factor importante que atenta contra la integridad del sistema estomatognático. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 150 niños de 9 a 14 años de edad, de la escuela primaria "Pablo d [...] e la Torriente Brau" pertenecientes al área de salud de la Clínica Estomatológica "Antonio Briones Montoto" de Pinar del Río. El objetivo de esta investigación fue identificar la prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales según las variables seleccionadas, así como el comportamiento según los antecedentes patológicos individuales. La muestra se seleccionó a través de un muestreo aleatorio estratificado, proporcional al tamaño de los estratos. La información se registró en una base de datos mediante Microsoft Excel. Se realizó la comparación de proporciones de grupos independientes con el objetivo de determinar las variables de prevalencia más significativas y la prueba de Ji cuadrado para buscar la asociación entre dos variables independientes con un nivel de significación á=0.05. Las anomalías dentarias fueron las de mayor prevalencia, dentro de ellas, las versiones. El sexo más afectado fue el masculino así como el grupo de edades de 9 a 11 años de edad. Entre los factores etiológicos estudiados, los hábitos fueron los más frecuentes, seguido de los agentes físicos y la herencia. Se concluye que existe una alta prevalencia de anomalías dentarias en estrecha relación con los hábitos deformantes. Abstract in english The anomalies of dental occlusion are the third cause of teeth loss worldwide and are considered an important risk factor to the integrity of the stomatognathic system. A descriptive and cross-sectional research was conducted with 150 children from 9 to 14 years old who study at "Pablo de la Torrien [...] te Brau" Elementary School. This group of children belonged to "Antonio Briones Montoto" Dentistry Clinic, Pinar del Rio. This research was aimed at identifying the prevalence of dento-maxillofacial anomalies according to the chosen variables, and the behavior regarding individual pathologic records. The sample was chosen stratified at random, proportional to the size of strata. The information was collected in a database using Microsoft Excel. The comparison of independent proportion for groups and chi square test to find out the association between two independent variables with á=0.05 level of significance. Dental anomalies showed the highest prevalence, among them, the versions. Male sex and the group of ages from 9 to 11 were the most affected. Among the etiologic factors studied, deforming habits were the most frequent, followed by physical agents and inheritance. There exists a high prevalence of dental anomalies having a close relation to deforming habits.

Celeste, García Díaz; Yairis, Duque Alberro; Maribel, Llanes Serantes; Rosalina, Vinent González.

2011-06-01

118

Comportamiento de las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales en niños de 9 a 14 años / Behavior of dentomaxillofacial anomalies in children from 9 to 14 years old  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales comprenden las alteraciones de crecimiento, desarrollo y fisiologísmo de los componentes anatómicos que conforman el sistema estomatognático. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 150 niños de 9 a 14 años de edad, de las escuelas atendidas en la Clínica [...] Estomatológica "Antonio Briones Montoto" de Pinar del Río, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2008 y julio de 2009, con el objetivo de identificar la prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales según las variables seleccionadas y el comportamiento según los antecedentes patológicos individuales. La muestra se seleccionó a través de un muestreo aleatorio estratificado proporcional al tamaño de los estratos. Los niños fueron examinados en sus aulas, con luz natural, usando depresores linguales. La información recogida fue recopilada en una base de datos mediante Microsoft Excel, y se procesó por el programa estadístico Statistical Package for the Social Science Versión 10.0 para Windows. Se realizó la comparación de proporciones de grupos independientes con el objetivo de determinar las variables de prevalencia más significativas y la prueba Ji cuadrado en su variante de independencia para verificar la relación entre las categorías seleccionadas. Las anomalías dentarias fueron las alteraciones más prevalentes. El sexo más afectado fue el masculino, así como el grupo de edades de 9-11 años. Entre los factores etiológicos estudiados los hábitos fueron los más frecuentes seguido de los agentes físicos. Se concluye que existe una alta prevalencia de anomalías dentarias en estrecha relación con los hábitos deformantes. Abstract in english Dentomaxillofacial anomalies include growing alterations, development and the physiology of the anatomical components that constitute the stomatognathic system. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with 150 children from 9 to 14 years old of the schools attending at "Antonio Briones Mo [...] ntoto" Dentist Clinic in Pinar del Rio, during January 2008-July 2009. The study was aimed at identifying the prevalence of dentomaxillofacial anomalies regarding chosen variables and the behavior according to individual past pathologies. The sample was taken using a stratified, at random, and proportional to the stratus size sampling. Children were examined in their classrooms, with natural light and using lingual depressor. The information was collected in a database by means of Microsoft Excel, processing it by the statistical program of Statistical Package for the Social Science, Version 10.0 to Windows. A comparison of proportions of independent groups was performed with the purpose of determining the most significant variables of prevalence and chi-square test in its variance of independence to verify the relation among the chosen categories. Dental anomalies were the most prevalent anomalies. Male sex and the age bracket of 9-11 prevailed. Among the etiological factors studied, the habits were the most frequent followed by physical agents; observing a high prevalence of dental anomalies in close relation to deforming habits.

Yairis, Duque Alberro; Arlene L, Corrales León; Yolaini, Pulido Valladares; Anay, Rezk Díaz.

119

The Adaptation of Students’ Perceptions of College Teachers’ Pedagogical Content Knowledge Questionnaire into Turkish  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to adapt the questionnaire entitled “Assessing Students’ Perceptions of College Teachers’ Pedagogical Content Knowledge”, which was developed by Jang, Guan and Hsieh (2009, into Turkish. After obtaining the permission from the developers of the questionnaire, the items of the questionnaire were translated into Turkish by the authors of the present study. After this, the translation validity was asked English and Turkish language experts. The final form of the questionnaire was administered to a group of 587 preservice teachers. After the item-total correlations were calculated, varimax rotation technique was used to determine the factor values of the items. Later, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted in order to verify the structure of the questionnaire translated into Turkish. Based on these analyses, it was found that the adapted questionnaire into Turkish consisted of 28 items and gathered under two factors. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha for the whole survey was calculated as 0.923, and 0.905 and 0.804 for the sub-factors, respectively.

Murat ÖZEL

2013-04-01

120

Student Readiness for Technology Enhanced History Education in Turkish High Schools  

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This study examined whether the Turkish high school social sciences major students would feel adequate and fit in atechnology-enhanced educational environment, particularly in history classrooms. To this extent, this study investigated highschool students’ level of proficiency in technology-use and their attitudes toward the use of educational technologies inclassrooms. The data for this study was collected using Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory (LSI Version-3) and a 27-item TechnologyQues...

?brahim Turan

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

DEVOLOPING A SURVEY ON 6TH GRADE STUDENTS’ AWARENESS OF LISTENING SKILLS IN TURKISH CLASSES  

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In this study it is aimed to build up a measurement for finding out 6th grade students’ awareness of listening skills in Turkish classes (In other words, how they find themselves about their listening skills).Sample group is taken from 4 primary public schools of Ministry of National Education in Erzurum, consisting of 6th grade students from different socio-economical groups. Components of the scale is reflected as Likert Type scale (always, often, sometimes, never). After the findings fr...

S?ahi?n, Abdullah; Aydin, Gu?lnur

2009-01-01

122

Student Readiness for Technology Enhanced History Education in Turkish High Schools  

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Full Text Available This study examined whether the Turkish high school social sciences major students would feel adequate and fit in atechnology-enhanced educational environment, particularly in history classrooms. To this extent, this study investigated highschool students’ level of proficiency in technology-use and their attitudes toward the use of educational technologies inclassrooms. The data for this study was collected using Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory (LSI Version-3 and a 27-item TechnologyQuestionnaire. The results revealed that from the point of proficiency and attitude Turkish high school social sciences majorstudents have the essential technology skills and knowledge to feel adequate in a technology-enhanced learning environment.They also have positive attitudes toward use of educational technologies in history classrooms. Therefore they seem to beready for technology-enhanced instruction.

?brahim Turan

2010-06-01

123

TURKISH HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ CONSIDERATIONS, EXPECTATIONS AND AWARENESS ON DISTANCE EDUCATION  

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Quality of distance education has been improving by technological developments, experiences of educators or experts and feedbacks of learners. In order to improve the quality issues in distance education, considerations of target audiences are gaining importance to understand their considerations that might be clue for developers. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate Turkish high school students’ considerations, expectations and awareness concerning distance e...

Cagiltay, Kursat; Inal, Yavuz; Karakus, Turkan

2008-01-01

124

A Case Study of a Turkish Dyslexic Student Learning English as a Foreign Language  

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Full Text Available The present case study first describes the difficulties a Turkish dyslexic learner faces in learning English as a foreign language. It then explores the effects of positive teacher support and some motivational strategies on this specific student’s learning process. Data were collected through observation, interviews and analysis of documents including student work, assignment sheets and exam papers over a period of six weeks. The results indicate that the participant benefited greatly from positive teacher support and special teaching techniques and methods employed. Implications are included for practices

Esra Erkan

2012-12-01

125

Reliability and validity of a Self-Efficacy Scale for AIDS Prevention among Turkish university students.  

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Full Text Available This study design determined the internal consistency, validity and factorial structure of the Turkish Self-Efficacy scale for AIDS (T-SEA-27. The 27 items scale firstly was translated into Turkish using back-translation method and the cultural equivalence was provided by expert views. Secondly, the psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on 507 university students. The test-retest reliability of the intraclass correlations was satisfactory in a subsample of 60 students tested after a 2-week interval. Psychometric analysis supported the reliability and validity of the T-SEA-27 scale and four subscales: refusing sexual intercourse (a= .97, questioning potential partners (a= .90, condom use (a= .74 and family related (a= .95. The self-efficacy score was significantly higher for those studying in health sciences, those who were not sexually active and the female students. Our outcomes showed that T-SEA-27 is a valid instrument in evaluating self-efficacy for HIV/AIDS in Turkish young people.

Serap Bulduk

2008-09-01

126

Turkish Elementary and Secondary Students' Views about Science and Scientist  

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The aim of this study was to determine elementary and secondary students' views concerning science and scientists. Data gathered from Draw-a-Scientist Test (DAST) and essays written by students were used to analyze their views. The study involved 359 students in grades 5 through 11. The results indicate that student's perceived scientists as to be…

Akcay, Behiye

2011-01-01

127

AN EVALUATION ON THE ATTITUDES OF THE STUDENTS IN SECONDARYEDUCATION TO TURKISH LITERATURE  

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Full Text Available The effective determination of education environment plays an important role in reaching the identified aims of educational activities. It can be said that the attitudes compose an important data area in turning the educational environments into these aims because attitudes which are psychological processes are directly related to success. The aim of this study is to determine the attitudes of the students in secondary education to Turkish Literature lessons. The working area designed in the survey model is composed of 400 students chosen from the secondary education in the central regions in Ankara. In this study, in determining reliability of the measurement results, Cronbach-Alfa methos is used and the value of Cronbach-Alfa is calculated as 71. It has been found out descriptive differences in the attitudes of the students in secondary education to Turkish Literature according to such factors as their type of school, class level and gender. It has been found out that the attitudes of the students in Anatolian Vocational High School and Anatolian Teacher Training High School are much more higher than the students in Anatolian and Science High School. Moreover, it has also been determined that the students consider the texts used in Turkish Literature classes as unexciting and tedious. As a result of these findings, it is suggested that the texts in the course books be prepared according to psychological conditions of the students and the necessary precautions be taken by the institutions which train teachers and related Ministries in order to increase the teachers’ competencies.

Cem ERDEM

2013-01-01

128

Turkish nursing students’ perceptions and experiences of bullying behavior in nursing education  

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Full Text Available Objective: This descriptive study aimed to determine the bullying and harassment experiences of nursing students’ in various Nursing Schools in Turkey.  The types and frequency of bullying behaviors, the sources of bullying behaviors, and students’ emotions towards these experiences were investigated. Methods: Study participants were 370 undergraduate nursing students from four different Turkish Nursing Schools.  To estimate bullying at nursing school I used a short version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire that adapted according to the earlier studies on bullying against nursing students particularly those conducted by Cooper et al. and Celik and Bayraktar. Results: A total of 222 respondents (60% reported that they had experienced at least one of the thirteen bullying behaviors at daily and weekly frequencies during the last six months. Work related bullying was the most frequently encountered type of bullying behaviors which is followed by personal related bullying behaviors. Also, an interesting result from this study is that most students reported clinic nurses as their bully, indicating that the perpetrators were mostly females and older than them. Conclusions: This study supports previous reports of bullying against Turkish student nurses and adds to the scant body of literature showing that nursing students often experience bullying and harassment from clinical nurses (horizontal bullying, and importantly, this may influence their future employment choices.

Serap Palaz

2013-01-01

129

Problematic internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and internet activities  

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Full Text Available This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day, and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc..Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610. The results indicate that the female students (N=358 had significantly lower PIU levels on all dimensions (i.e., social comfort, loneliness/depression, diminished impulse control and distraction than those of the males (N=252. Furthermore, the results reveal that the students who use the Internet for entertainment (e.g., game chat and social networking purposes have significantly higher PIU levels on all dimensions than the students who do not use the Internet for such purposes. However, the students who use the Internet for educational purposes have a significantly lower PIU level on distraction dimension, and the students who use the Internet for information searching demonstrate a significantly lower PIU level on the dimension of diminished impulse control. Moreover, multiple regression analyses reveal that Internet activities such as chat, entertainment and social networking are significant predictors of the all dimensions of PIU.

Melih Derya Gürer

2011-03-01

130

A Comparative Study on American and Turkish Students? Self Esteem in Terms of Sport Participation: A Study on Psychological Health  

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The present research was conducted in order to compare self-esteem of American students with Turkish students in terms of the sport participation at the universities. For this purpose, a total of 460 students (M age = 19,61 ± 1,64) voluntarily participated in the study from two universities. As data collection tool, Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem…

Yigiter, Korkmaz

2014-01-01

131

The Classification of the Probability Unit Ability Levels of the Eleventh Grade Turkish Students by Cluster Analysis  

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In this study, the probability unit ability levels of the eleventh grade Turkish students were classified through cluster analysis. The study was carried out in a high school located in Trabzon, Turkey during the fall semester of the 2011-2012 academic years. A total of 84 eleventh grade students participated. Students were taught about…

Ozyurt, Ozcan

2014-01-01

132

Turkish middle school students' cognitive development levels in science  

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Students' abstract reasoning abilities can differ from one society to another. Students'profiles play significant roles in these differences. The aim of the study is to determine the relationship between middle school students' cognitive development levels and their profiles (age, gender, and science achievement) using the Science Cognitive Development Test (SCDT) in Turkey. The subjects (N=445) were drawn from 7th and 8th grade students at private and public middle schools in five cities. Wh...

C?epni?, Salih; O?zsevgec?, Tuncay; Cerrah, Lale

2004-01-01

133

Attitudes Towards Euthanasia among University Students: A Sample Based on Turkish Population  

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Full Text Available In Turkey, euthanasia has not become a subject of public debate and concern. This study gives the results of Turkish university students on attitudes to euthanasia. The main aims of the study were: to assess the impact of type of education on attitudes towards euthanasia and to determine the influence of socio-demographics on attitudes of the students towards euthanasia. In total, 878 volunteered undergraduate registered students with the mean age of 21.13±1.92 year from six universities were surveyed. Attitudes of the students towards euthanasia were determined using by a self-completed questionnaire. Response rate was 92.2%. The students were divided into two groups according to education program as follows: Health Science students (HS and Liberal Arts and Business students (LAB.Two students major groups-Health Science (n = 421 and Liberal Arts and Business (n = 457, were compared. 48.4% of the students were positive to euthanasia. The socio-demographic factors, including mother`s education level, family`s socio-economic background, religious belief and religiosity were seen to be influenced on attitudes towards euthanasia among the overall students. No significant difference regarding the acceptance of euthanasia between the Health Science majors and the Liberal Arts and Business majors. Mainly, 40% of the Muslim students are opposed to euthanasia, whereas 86.7% of the atheist students are the most in favour of euthanasia. The religion was selected as the most important reason for being negative to euthanasia. The results showed that resistance to euthanasia is apparently associated with demographics and non-scientific reasoning among Turkish undergraduate students

Ummuhan Bas Aslan

2007-01-01

134

Turkish middle school students' cognitive development levels in science  

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Full Text Available Students' abstract reasoning abilities can differ from one society to another. Students'profiles play significant roles in these differences. The aim of the study is to determine the relationship between middle school students' cognitive development levels and their profiles (age, gender, and science achievement using the Science Cognitive Development Test (SCDT in Turkey. The subjects (N=445 were drawn from 7th and 8th grade students at private and public middle schools in five cities. While significant relationships were not found between students' cognitive developments and their genders and ages, a relationship was found with science achievement.

Salih ÇEPN?

2004-04-01

135

Nursing students' perceptions about nursing care plans: a Turkish perspective.  

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This descriptive study was planned in order to assess self-perceived sufficiency levels of nursing students at preparing nursing care plans and also determine the effect of these plans on students' occupational development. Sample of the study was consisted of 55 nursing students who were taking oncological training. Data were collected by using Personal Information Form and Student Care Plan Evaluation Form. Non-parametric tests were used in data analysis. Students perceived themselves 'insufficient' although assessing reproductive neurological and cardiovascular systems, respectively, and also interpreting results of hemogram and urine tests. No significant difference was found between the initial and last nursing care plans prepared by the students during clinical training. Sixty % of students reported that preparing and implementing nursing care plans had favourable effects on their occupational development. Results suggest that students should be well prepared before clinical training programmes and also nursing care plans should be revised and used in more proper and practical ways in order to enhance students' occupational development. PMID:22257326

Can, Gulbeyaz; Erol, Ozgul

2012-02-01

136

TURKISH HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ CONSIDERATIONS, EXPECTATIONS AND AWARENESS ON DISTANCE EDUCATION  

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Full Text Available Quality of distance education has been improving by technological developments, experiences of educators or experts and feedbacks of learners. In order to improve the quality issues in distance education, considerations of target audiences are gaining importance to understand their considerations that might be clue for developers. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate Turkish high school students’ considerations, expectations and awareness concerning distance education, especially e-learning, and its implementations. Totally, 1224 students studying 8 different high schools from 6 cities in 4 different regions in Turkey participated to the study. Majority of the students were from computer department at Vocational High Schools. We attempted to collect data representatively in order to draw a framework about the research questions for Turkish case. Results of the study showed that students identified distance education with e-learning. Also, although students had technological competencies which are critical factors for e-learning applications, they did not prefer taking their university education with distance education program because of their habits on traditional nature of classrooms. However, they had huge tendency in terms of taking one of their courses via Internet.

Kursat CAGILTAY

2008-10-01

137

Smoking at School: Views of Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available The recent interest in cigarette smoking among university students has brought attention to problems concerning opinions, attitudes, prevention, health education, policy formulation and implementation. This survey research tested five hypotheses on the views of college students about smoking in school hallways and cafeteria, compliance with anti smoking laws, considering cigarette smoking as an expression of freedom of choice, teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices, and school administration’s policy on enforcing the law. Hypothesized differences between students’ views on the issues according to gender, smoking status and years at school were investigated. Data were obtained from 3,659 students attending six universities in Ankara, Turkey. The study findings provided support for all the hypothesized differences (except a single issue. Males and females differed significantly on all the issues studied. The majority of nonsmoking students have anti-smoking views in regards of the studied issues as compared to regular and occasional smokers. Smokers and nonsmokers markedly disagree on banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria and hallways. However, the majority of students are against teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices with the doors open. Although most students want a smoke free environment, there is no active-anti smoking policy on smoking by universities. Findings point out the need for campus-wide effective smoking prevention programs, as well as cessation programs and services for the students.

Nazmiye Erdogan

2008-12-01

138

Food Attitudes towards Food Safety Concept among Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available This study investigated university students? food choices focusing on their reported usual intake and food safety perceptions and conducted at Manisa Celal Bayar University Engineering Faculty, Science and Art Faculty and Education Faculty students. The present study primary investigated how affects the storage style, manufacturing qualification, shelf life and food safety concept, advertisement effect on consuming, natural and fortificated foods to university students. Meanwhile, faculty differences, sex (male, female and age differences, living area, family features (parent living style, education, brother and sister number etc. of students were determined. In addition, consuming frequency of extensively consumed beverages (soft drinks, cola, tea, coffee, alcoholic drinks and bread as main consuming food were investigated based on sex and faculty criteria as daily, weekly, monthly.

Nihat Aycan

2005-01-01

139

Hepatitis B Knowledge Levels of Turkish Nursing and Midwifery Students  

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Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to determine knowledge levels of students in School of Health, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, and examine the influence of various factors on hepatitis B knowledge levels. Method: The study was conducted in the School of Health of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University between April and June 2009. All of the 296 students in the school were planned to be included in the study. Survey forms; prepared in the light of the data reported in the literature by investigators, and composed of 37 questions, were delivered to the students and they were asked to fill them out. 18.2% of the students couldn’t be reached. Thus, only 242 students (81.8% were included in the study. Results: While 87.2% of the students expressed sexual intercourse as a transmission route of HBV, 67.4% mentioned perinatal route, 96.7% expressed blood and blood products, 79.8% mentioned use of common goods such as towel and toothbrush. 78.1% of the students did not consider breast milk as a transmission route for HPV, whereas fecal-oral route, handshake-hugging, and kissing were not known to be a way of transmission for HPV in 65.7%, 86.8%, and 56.2% of the study population, respectively. Mean level of hepatitis B knowledge among students was 69.8±19.4. Knowledge score of nursing students was 1.1 points higher than that of midwifery students and the difference between them was not significant. As the college year elevated, hepatitis B knowledge scores increased as well. Conclusion: Hepatitis B knowledge score of undergraduate students in Nursing and Midwifery Departments of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, was 69.8±19.4. Since hepatitis B knowledge score raises parallel to the elevation of college year, hepatitis B education should be provided in the first year. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2011; 10(2.000: 139-144

Ali Ozer

2011-04-01

140

Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools  

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Full Text Available Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire. Results of the study showed that nonsmoking students reported the most favorable opinions toward the issues questioned, whereas occasional smokers and regular smokers reported the least favorable opinions. The highest level of disagreement by smokers and nonsmokers was provided for banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria. Students generally agreed on that teachers should not smoke in the classrooms and in their offices with doors open. Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies embracing indoors and outdoors and identification and use of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation programs and services.

Esra Keloglu-Isler

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools  

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Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male) attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire. Results of the study showed that nonsmoking students reported the most favorable opinions toward the issues questioned, whereas occasional smokers and regular smokers reported the least favorable opinions. The highest level of disagreement by smokers and nonsmokers was provided for banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria. Students generally agreed on that teachers should not smoke in the classrooms and in their offices with doors open. Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies embracing indoors and outdoors and identification and use of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation programs and services.

Keloglu-Isler, Esra; Erdogan, Irfan

142

Gender Differences in Turkish Primary Students' Images of Astronomical Scientists: A Preliminary Study with 21st Century Style  

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This study investigated the images of astronomical scientists held by Turkish primary students by gender. The Draw an Astronomical Scientist Test was administered to 472 students from an urban area. A Chi-Square Test of Independence was used to test for statistically significant differences between gender groups. Significant differences were found…

Korkmaz, Hunkar

2009-01-01

143

The Relation General Anxiety Levels, Anxiety of Writing, and Attitude for Turkish Course of Secondary School Students  

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This study analyzed whether secondary-school students' continuous and stationary anxieties predict their anxiety about writing and their attitudes about courses in Turkish. The research participants consisted of 281 students in Sakarya Province, 58% male and 42% female. The personal descriptive survey model was used for the research. As data…

Yaman, Havva

2014-01-01

144

The Effect of Turkish Students' Motivational Beliefs on Their Metacognitive Self-Regulation in Physics  

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It is emphasized in several studies that both domain specific factors and cultural values and beliefs could have an effect on students' metacognitive self-regulation and motivational beliefs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of motivational beliefs on Turkish students' metacognitive self-regulation in physics courses.…

Gurcay, Deniz; Balta, Ebru

2013-01-01

145

Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale in University Students  

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Full Text Available Objective: Perceptual aberration is an important dimension of schizotypy which has been considered as a clinical determinant of psychosis proneness. The present study aimed to explore the validity and the reliability of the Turkish version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale. Methods: Internal consistency of the Perceptual Aberration Scale was studied in 222 university students and for test-retest reliability, the scale was readministered to 105 students. Convergent validity of the scale was measured by the Magical Ideation Scale in 128 students.Results: The internal consistency of the scale was Cronbach’s alpha=0.90 and the test-retest reliability was r=0.59. The convergent validity of the scale was established by a significant correlation between the scores of the Magical Ideation Scale and the Perceptual Aberration Scale.Discussion: The Turkish version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale is a reliable instrument, which can be used to quantify the important dimension of schizotypy in university students. The scale should be validated in community-based samples and also the predictive validity of the scale should be investigated. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2009; 46 Supplement: 49-53

Erguvan Tu?ba ÖZEL KIZIL

2009-12-01

146

Predicting the Turkish secondary school students’ perfectionism from their parents’ perfectionism*  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to predict Turkish secondary school students’ perfectionism from their parents’ perfectionism. In this scope the study was performed with 408 parents (209 mother, 199 father and 591 (439 female, 152 male students. FMPS, adapted into Turkish by Özbay and M?s?rl?-Ta?demir, was used. Multiple Regression Analysis was utilized in data analyzing. According to the analyses; it can be seen that there is a meaningful effect while predicting the scores of female students in Organization, Doubts About Actions, Parental Expectations and Parental Criticisms subscales of FMPS; scores of parents and mothers on its own. It can be seen that there is a meaningful effect while predicting the male students’ scores only in Parental Expectation subscale; scores of parents and mothers on its own. These results show that parents’ perfectionism can affect their children’s perfectionism. It can be shared with families in educational seminars. By this way, parents can realize that these characteristics of them reflect over their children.

Fatih Camadan

2011-12-01

147

Investigating Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease Based on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome phenotypes in the 18-14 year Old High School Girls in Shiraz 2009  

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Full Text Available Introduction: In patients with polycystic ovary syndrome hyperinsulinaemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia may represent an increased risk for coronary cardiovascular disease .This study aimed to investigate risk factors for cardiovascular disease based on polycystic ovary syndrome phenotypes in Shiraz. Methods: This Cross-sectional study was performed on 3200 students aged 18-14. Demographic survey, clinical signs of androgen excess (acne, hirsutism, alopecia, Ultrasound were applied in order to find the cyst. Tests included prolactin, dehydroepiandrodion sulfate, and oral glucose tolerance test, fasting blood glucose, blood sugar two hours later, triglycerides, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein. Data were submitted to SPSS software, version 11.5 and then analyzed by chi-square tests. Results: The serum cholesterol mean in four phenotypes had a statistically significant relationship with non-PCOS patients(p<0.05. Mean of serum cholesterol in oligomenorrhea, Hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary phenotype (195.09±30.28 was higher than the other phenotypes. Mean of serum cholesterol and low density lipoprotein(LDL-C were significantly higher in patients with Hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovarian phenotype(130.046±26.27 and oligomenorrhea, Hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary syndrome phenotype(138.58±28.34 compared with non-infected individuals. Serum glucose mean in all phenotype was higher than non-infected after two hours and it showed a significant relation in oligomenorrhea and also polycystic ovarian phenotype(98.03 ± 20.98 versus 87.5±12.97 with non-infected individuals. Conclusion: Biochemical factors that lead to increased risk of cardiovascular diseases is increased in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Therefore, it should be attended in prevention programs

MH Dabbaghmaneh

2012-05-01

148

Evaluating dysmenorrhea in a sample of Turkish nursing students.  

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The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and symptoms of dysmenorrhea, its relevant factors, and the rate of seeking medical help in a group of nursing students. A total of 380 students were included in the study. The demographic data questionnaire, a Daily Menstrual Symptom Rating Scale (DMSR), and the Visual Analog Scale for pain (VASP) were used as tools for data collection. The mean age of the participants was 20.31 ± 1.10 years. Most students had experienced dysmenorrhea (84.9%). Menstrual pain was frequently initiated on the first day of menstruation (77.8%). The most commonly reported menstrual problems were irregular menstrual cycles (27.2%) and oligomenorrhea (15.1%). Only 24.1% of students consulted their physicians for dysmenorrhea. The participants who had dysmenorrhea had significantly higher symptom scores than the participants who had not had dysmenorrhea, in terms of decreased activities, tension, hip and abdominal pain, backache, headache, and fatigue. Also, having a sister with dysmenorrhea increased the risk of dysmenorrhea. Although dysmenorrhea is a gynecological problem that is commonly seen in young women and that negatively affects daily activities and school life, the rate of seeking medical help is low. Adolescents should, therefore, be educated and counseled to determine the underlying cause and to increase the use of an effective treatment method. Considering that nurses should be better informed about dysmenorrhea causes and treatment options, a study of nursing students was undertaken. PMID:24631318

Seven, Memnun; Güvenç, Gülten; Akyüz, Aygül; Eski, Fatma

2014-09-01

149

Dietary Habits and Body Composition of Turkish University Student  

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Full Text Available Nutritional status of university students is an indicator of health and well-being at both the individual and the population level. This study examines the diet and body constitution of university students in Turkey. 3 day diet recalls were collected, anthropometric and body composition measurements were made. The sample consisted of 57 male and 63 female students. Mean BMI was significantly lower in females than males (p<0.01. Significant differences between sexes were not found as regards total cholesterol and blood glucose. More than 50% of the respondents were meeting two thirds of the RDA for niacin, riboflavin, vitamin B6, vitamin C, phosphorus and zinc. The mean intakes of total energy, carbohydrate, protein, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, zinc, vitamin D, thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B6 and folate were higher in males compared with female students. This research provides important information regarding anthropometric assessment, the micronutrient and macronutrient intake of university students in Turkey. The results show the need to consider the limitations of the reference data when carrying out nutritional assessments.

N. Sanlier

2007-01-01

150

Eating habits and lifestyle in a group Turkish primary education children  

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Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of child obesity is increasing rapidly worldwide as well as Turkey due to skipped main meals and increased snacking. The objectives were to study the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in a group of Turkish children, and to analyze the relationship between eating habits and lifestyle and obesity. Methods: The study was carried out in 6 schools in urban regions in the city of Eskisehir, Western Turkey between February and May2008. Atotal of 1421 students aged 7 - 14 years (708 boys and 713 girls were examined. Eating habits and life-style were obtained by evaluation of a standard set of 15 questions prepared using the literature. Results: Most obese students reported having a snack in the afternoon, not spending at least five hours of leisure time per week in physical activities, being high income level, that their mother’ education level was university, eating less fruits, eating less vegetables, having more dessert after any meal, eating more potato chips, watching television more, living a physically active life less, less breast feeding, that their father consumed alcohol, that their father was overweight/ obese, their mother wase overweight/obese (statistically important relationships for each one. Conclusions: A small portion of 7 - 14-year-old Turkish children are at increased health risk owing to overweight and obesity in an urban po- pulation in a developing country.

Nazan Erenoglu

2013-03-01

151

The Role of University Education in Changing the Gender Role Perceptions of Turkish ELT Student Teachers  

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Full Text Available Despite recent improvements in demographics and educational outcomes, it is still the case that traditional expectations and attitudes toward gender roles in the Turkish society have been preserved to a great extent. Given this current position of Turkey in terms of gender issues, the transformative power of education, especially of teachers, could be emphasized more strongly at all levels of education. Therefore, it is important that teachers are trained to identify and counter gender bias to help fight the problem of sexism prevalent in the country. The purpose of this study was to compare the gender role perceptions and gender role classifications of first-year and fourth year English language teaching (ELT student teachers and to identify any difference between the two groups. The sample (N=204 for the present study was obtained from a large state university in western Turkey. Gender role orientation was assessed with the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI, Bem 1974. Findings have indicated that male student teachers still have a traditional perspective on gender roles and that university education does not seem to have a role in changing their existing value judgments in relation to gender. On the other hand, Turkish female students have adopted a more masculine gender role within the four years of their university education. Implications are included for teacher education institutions in Turkey.

?rem KIZILASLAN

2011-08-01

152

Prevalence of depression among Turkish University Students and related factors  

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Full Text Available Objective: This investigation was performed to determine the prevalence rate of depression and its correlates in students at Erciyes University. Method: A total of 1003 university students at the Medical, Theology and Engineering Faculties of Erciyes University in Kayseri, Turkey were included in the study. A socio–demographic questionnaire and a Beck Depression Inventory were completed by the students. An unpaired t test, a one way ANOVA test and a logistic regression analysis were used for the statistical analyses. Results: Total numbers of male and female students in the study group were similar and the mean age was 20.3±1.8. The mean Back Depression Inventory Beck Depression Inventory score was 11.3±8.6 points and prevalence rate of depression (Beck Depression Inventory ?17 was 21.2%. The Mean Beck Depression Inventory score and depression prevalence were found higher among the students who had a physical illness, who were not satisfied with their body image or their faculty and who rated the economic level of their families as poor. Conclusion: It was concluded that approximately one–fifth of the students had depression. For the students, studying in a faculty which they are not satisfied is a major factor affecting depression. A better leadership should be provided for the students during the faculty selection procedure. Key Words: University student, depression, Beck Depression Inventory Üniversite ö?rencilerinde depresyon prevalans? ve ili?kili faktörler Amaç: Bu çal??ma, Erciyes Üniversitesi ö?rencilerinde depresyon prevalans?n? ve bununla ili?kili faktörleri belirlemek amac?yla yap?lm??t?r. Yöntem: Erciyes Üniversitesinin T?p, ?lahiyat ve Mühendislik fakültelerinde okuyan toplam 1003 ö?renci ara?t?rma kapsam?na al?nd?. Ö?rencilere sosyo-demografik anket ve Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i uyguland?. Verilerin istatistiksel analizinde unpaired t testi, tek yönlü ANOVA testi ve logistik regresyon analizi uyguland?. Bulgular: Ara?t?rma grubundaki erkek ve k?z ö?renci say?lar? birbirine yak?nd? ve ya? ortalamas? 20.3±1.8 olarak belirlendi. Ortalama BDÖ puan? 11.3±8.6 ve depresyon prevalans? (Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i puan? ?17 % 21.2 bulundu. Fiziksel hastal??? olanlarda, beden görünümünden memnun olmayanlarda, okudu?u fakülteden memnun olmayanlarda ve ailesinin ekonomik durumunu kötü olarak belirtenlerde ortalama Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i puan? ve depresyon prevalans? daha yüksek bulundu. Sonuç: Ö?rencilerin yakla??k be?te birinde depresyon vard?r. Ö?rencilerin, ho?lanmad??? bir fakültede okumalar? depresyon s?kl???n? etkileyen en önemli faktörlerden biridir. Fakülte seçimi s?ras?nda ö?rencilere daha iyi rehberlik hizmeti sa?lanmal?d?r. Anahtar Kelimeler: Üniversite ö?rencisi, depresyon, Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i

Fatma Akpinar

2011-12-01

153

DESEMPEÑO COGNITIVO EN PRUEBAS DE LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE 6 A 14 AÑOS ESCOLARIZADOS DE LA CIUDAD DE MEDELLÍN / COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE ON TESTS OF LANGUAGE IN 6-14-YEAR-OLD SCHOOLED CHILDREN IN THE CITY OF MEDELLIN  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente artículo presenta los resultado de investigación el cual busca describir el desempeño cognitivo de los escolares de 6 a 14 años en pruebas de lenguaje, este estudio se desarrolló con 92 participantes con diferentes estratos socioeconómicos se aplicaron pruebas de Lenguaje: Test de asocia [...] ción controlada de palabras, Test de vocabulario de Boston, Token test, encontramos que las habilidades y desempeño en pruebas de lenguaje no difieren entre sexo y lateralidad, existen diferencias evidenciables en grupos de edades, con influencia del nivel educacional. Abstract in english This paper presents results of research which aimed to describe the cognitive performance on tests of language in 6-14-year-old. In this study, the researchers chose a sample population of 92 participants coming from different socioeconomic strata. That is why tests of language, tests of controlled [...] association, Boston Naming Test, and Token Test were applied.

María Cristina, Giraldo García; Paola Yulieth, Velásquez Correa; Maryoris Elena, Zapata Zabala; Elizabeth, Hoyos Zuluaga.

2013-07-01

154

DESEMPEÑO COGNITIVO EN PRUEBAS DE LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE 6 A 14 AÑOS ESCOLARIZADOS DE LA CIUDAD DE MEDELLÍN. COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE ON TESTS OF LANGUAGE IN 6-14-YEAR-OLD SCHOOLED CHILDREN IN THE CITY OF MEDELLIN.  

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Full Text Available El presente artículo presenta los resultado de investigación el cual busca describir el desempeño cognitivo de los escolares de 6 a 14 años en pruebas de lenguaje, este estudio se desarrolló con 92 participantes con diferentes estratos socioeconómicos se aplicaron pruebas de Lenguaje: Test de asociación controlada de palabras, Test de vocabulario de Boston, Token test, encontramos que las habilidades y desempeño en pruebas de lenguaje no difieren entre sexo y lateralidad, existen diferencias evidenciables en grupos de edades, con influencia del nivel educacional. Abstract This paper presents results of research which aimed to describe the cognitive performance on tests of language in 6-14-year-old. In this study, the researchers chose a sample population of 92 participants coming from different socioeconomic strata. That is why tests of language, tests of controlled association, Boston Naming Test, and Token Test were applied.

María Cristina Giraldo García.

2013-12-01

155

DESEMPEÑO COGNITIVO EN PRUEBAS DE LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE 6 A 14 AÑOS ESCOLARIZADOS DE LA CIUDAD DE MEDELLÍN / COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE ON TESTS OF LANGUAGE IN 6-14-YEAR-OLD SCHOOLED CHILDREN IN THE CITY OF MEDELLIN  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente artículo presenta los resultado de investigación el cual busca describir el desempeño cognitivo de los escolares de 6 a 14 años en pruebas de lenguaje, este estudio se desarrolló con 92 participantes con diferentes estratos socioeconómicos se aplicaron pruebas de Lenguaje: Test de asocia [...] ción controlada de palabras, Test de vocabulario de Boston, Token test, encontramos que las habilidades y desempeño en pruebas de lenguaje no difieren entre sexo y lateralidad, existen diferencias evidenciables en grupos de edades, con influencia del nivel educacional. Abstract in english This paper presents results of research which aimed to describe the cognitive performance on tests of language in 6-14-year-old. In this study, the researchers chose a sample population of 92 participants coming from different socioeconomic strata. That is why tests of language, tests of controlled [...] association, Boston Naming Test, and Token Test were applied.

María Cristina, Giraldo García; Paola Yulieth, Velásquez Correa; Maryoris Elena, Zapata Zabala; Elizabeth, Hoyos Zuluaga.

156

Association between premenstrual syndrome and alexithymia among Turkish University students.  

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Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a heterogeneous disorder, which includes physical, cognitive, affective and behavioral symptoms. The aim of this study was to determine the factors affecting PMS and the relationship between PMS and alexithymia. The research was performed with 308 students. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, the Toronto alexithymia scale (TAS-20) and a premenstrual assessment form (PAF). The prevalence of PMS in our sample was 66.6%. The contributing factors to PMS were having a history of psychiatric treatment and having a smoking habit (p?students showed higher scores on all PAF subscales (p???0.001). Further studies are needed to determine the probable role of alexithymia in the pathogenesis of PMS. PMID:24512608

Alpaslan, Ahmet Hamdi; Avc?, Kadriye; Soylu, Nusret; Ta?, Hanife Uzel

2014-05-01

157

Diagnosing the EAP needs of Turkish medical students: A longitudinal critical needs analysis  

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Full Text Available This study uses a longitudinal critical needs analysis to diagnose the English for academic purposes (EAP needs of Turkish medical students seeking proficiency in medical English and contribute to needs analysis methodology. The data were collected from medical students and specialists. To obtain valid and reliable information about medical students’ needs, three types of instruments were used: ethnographic methods, including sustained observation and participation in a research setting; reflective journals; and a questionnaire and in-depth interview. The questionnaire design was based on essays collected from the students during their study, and the items were constructed from the students’ own words. To the best of my knowledge, this study is the first attempt in the literature to triangulate both methods and data with a focus on critical pedagogy to diagnose EAP needs. The findings are the result of the triangulation of data and methodology to ensure the reliability and validity of the findings. A total of 525 subjects participated in the research (186 participants in the pilot study and 339 participants in the main study. The findings revealed medical students’ expectations of their English for specific purposes (ESP instructor, students’ shortcomings, and the problems and strategies they use while learning medical English. The interview data analysis sought to determine whether higher education students can be a reliable source to consult for their own educational needs in higher education. The methodology followed here can be replicated in other mainstream classrooms.

Neslihan Önder Özdemir

2014-10-01

158

APPROACHES IN INVESTIGATING ROMANIA’S IMAGE AS A TOURIST DESTINATION AMONG THE TURKISH STUDENTS  

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Full Text Available The image of the tourist destination plays an essential role in the decision making process regarding the choice of a holiday. Image has a crucial role in the success of the destination because it influences the consumers’ satisfaction and helps in drawing up a promotion strategy for the positioning/repositioning on a certain market, branding/rebranding the tourist destination. Information from different sources contribute to the formation of the image of a certain destination, information which can be distributed into: the promotion performed by the destination; the other’s opinions (direct or indirect; mass-media and the popular culture. We intended to investigate Romania’s image a a tourist destination among the Turkish students. The results showed that the students had very poor knowledge of our country.

Olimpia BAN

2010-12-01

159

Attitudes Towards Seeking Psychological Help among a Sample of Turkish University Students: The Roles of Rumination and Internal Working Models  

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The current study investigates how attitudes towards seeking psychological help relate to internal working models of attachment (self-model and other-model) and ruminative tendencies. The study includes 589 Turkish university students (278 females, 308 males and 3 unknown) by implementing a convenient sampling procedure. The average age of the…

Turan, Numan; Erdur-Baker, Özgür

2014-01-01

160

Psychometric Properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale among Turkish University Students, Correctional Officers, and Elderly Adults  

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This study aims to extensively examine the psychometric properties of adapted version of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) in different Turkish samples. In order to test the psychometric properties of the SWLS three separate and independent samples are utilized in this study, namely university students (n = 547), correctional officers (n =…

Durak, Mithat; Senol-Durak, Emre; Gencoz, Tulin

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

The Effects of Counsellor Gender and Problem Type on Help-Seeking Attitudes among Turkish High School Students  

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The present study explores gender differences in help-seeking attitudes and the effects of counsellor gender and problem type on those attitudes among Turkish high school students. The Attitudes towards Seeking Help Scale and a survey instrument concerning related factors were administered to 342 adolescents. ANOVAs show that male and female…

Yilmaz-Gozu, Hamide

2013-01-01

162

Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions  

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This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children. Such a self-selected sample may represent a group of students who have a higher level of motivation to seek sources of information outside their formal education and have more access to resources than the students of low social classes. To overcome this problem, 739 students were asked to write a question that they wanted to learn from a scientist and as a result 878 questions were gathered. Those students were selected from 13 different schools at 9 cities in Turkey. These schools were selected to represent a mixture of socioeconomic areas and also to cover different students' profile. Students' questions were classified into two main categories: the field of interest and the cognitive level of the question. The results point to the popularity of biology, astrophysics, nature of scientific inquiry, technology and physics over other science areas, as well as indicating a difference in interest according to gender, grade level and the setting in which the questions were asked. However, our study suggests that only considering questions submitted to informal learning environments, such as popular science magazines or Ask-A-Scientist Internet sites has limitations and deficiencies. Other methodologies of data collection also need to be considered in designing teaching and school science curriculum to meet students' needs and interest. The findings from our study tend to challenge existing thinking from other studies. Our results show that self-generated questions asked in an informal and a formal setting have different patterns. Some aspects of students' self-generated questions and their implications for policy, science curriculum reform and teaching are discussed in this paper.

Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

2012-06-01

163

Clínica y epidemiología de las infecciones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años / Clinics and Epidemiology of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old  

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Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: las infecciones respiratorias agudas altas o bajas constituyen un complejo sindrómico que agrupa entidades clínicas con gran diversidad epidemiológica y de agentes causales, lo cual hace difícil su prevención y control. Objetivo: realizar un estudio clínico-epidemiológico de las infecc [...] iones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años. Material y método: se realizó una investigación observacional, analítica, de casos-controles en cuatro consultorios de tipo I pertenecientes al policlínico Raúl Sánchez del municipio Pinar del Río en el período febrero/2010-octubre/2011. El universo estuvo conformado por los pacientes que acudieron a los consultorios, asignándose al grupo estudio (casos) aquellos con infección respiratoria aguda de 0-14 años de edad (n=272) y por cada paciente del grupo estudio se seleccionó uno de la misma edad sin la enfermedad atendido posteriormente (controles). Resultados: las infecciones respiratorias altas fueron las más frecuentes (88,2 %) y dentro de ellas el catarro común; la edad 5-14 años la más afectada (63,2 %), los síntomas más frecuentes: secreción nasal (56,3%), fiebre (48,8%) y tos (40%); los factores de riesgo individuales más importantes: no lactancia materna exclusiva (OR=4,6) y peso Abstract in english Introduction: acute upper and low respiratory tract infections constitute a complex of various illnesses that group clinical entities having a great diversity of epidemiological and underlying agents, which difficult the processes of prevention and control. Objective: to carry out a clinical-epidemi [...] ological study of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old. Material and method: an observational, analytical of case-control research in four type-1 doctor’s offices belonging to “Raul Sanchez” outpatient clinic in Pinar del Rio municipality during February 2010-October 2011. The target group involved the patients attending to the doctor’s offices, assigning to the study-group (cases) those suffering from acute respiratory tract infections from 0-14 years old (n=272) and per each patient who comprised the study-group one of the same ages not including the disease was subsequently chosen (control group). Results: upper respiratory infections were the most frequent (88,2%) and among them common flu; the most affected ages were from 5-14 (63,2%), and the most repeated symptoms: nasal secretions (56,3%), fever (48,8%) and cough (40%); the most important risk factors: not exclusive breast feeding (OR=4,6) and

Yamilka, Oliva González; Manuel, Piloto Morejón; Paulina, Iglesias Gómez.

164

LOCATION AS A COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE TO ATTRACT STUDENTS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY FROM A TURKISH FOUNDATION UNIVERSITY  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to reveal whether the location is a sustainable competitive advantage to attract the students or not. This study consists of a literature review about location in higher education area, research about a sample Turkish foundation university enrollment records and a survey on students attending a sample foundation university in Istanbul. The questionnaire method has been chosen in order to show the importance of location for a university. The students had been admitted to a foundation university in the 2013-2014 period when within the same universities various departments almost the same score in exam were included in the study. The results of study indicate the location affects the students’ university choice decision and so it is a kind of sustainable competitive advantage for this sample university. This paper proposes the location has an important effect to attract the students to universities. This will help the university manager’s decision-making on the strategic planning. This study has revealed one important competitive advantage criteria for foundation universities.

Oya Tamtekin Ayd?n

2013-10-01

165

Attachment and coping as facilitators of posttraumatic growth in Turkish university students experiencing traumatic events.  

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This study was designed to explore the role of attachment and coping as facilitators of posttraumatic growth (PTG) in a sample of Turkish university students who experienced traumatic life events. Participants who reported a traumatic event from a list were asked to choose the most distressing one; to answer questions related to the impact of the trauma; and to fill out measures of attachment styles, ways of coping, and PTG. PTG was regressed on gender, trauma-related factors, attachment styles, and coping styles in order to examine the associations with PTG. Felt helplessness and horror, fatalistic coping, and optimistic coping were significant predictors of PTG. Fatalistic coping partially mediated the relationship between attachment anxiety and PTG. PMID:22375808

Arikan, Gizem; Karanci, Nuray

2012-01-01

166

Writing Anxiety of Turkish Students: Scale Development and the Working Procedures in Terms of Various Variables  

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Full Text Available This study was undertaken to develop a Writing Anxiety Scale that will assess and identify the state of writing anxiety in the primary education students. The process of creating the scale of the study in Sakarya studying in primary schools with 774 students carried out after the second stage, developed primary school students was administered to 480 scale. In this research construct validity, internal consistency and item-total correlations were examined. As a result of factor analysis for construct validity, one factor has emerged consist of 19 items, and account for the 30.5 % of the total variance. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the one-factor model fitted the data (x2=557.54, sd=151, p=0.00. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the three-factor model fitted the data RMSEA=.059, CFI=.92, IFI=.92, GFI=.93, AGFI=.91 and SRMR=.050. The internal consistencies were .80 for entire scale. Findings also demonstrated that item-total correlations ranged from .30 to .52. According to these findings the Writing Anxiety Scale can be named as a valid and reliable instrument that could be used in the field of education. After the scale was developed in Sakarya studying in primary schools with 480 students carried out. Students receive their scores from Writing Anxiety Scale, the arithmetic mean and standard deviations were considered to be taken into consideration. In order to identify the effect of individual variables, t-test, one-way analysis of variance and LCD tests were used. Analysis showed that the variables of Turkish love of course, class, family income level, a number of books read per month and the smoothness of handwriting attended by students resulted in significant differences in student perceptions whereas the variable of gender did not affect the perceptions of students.

Havva YAMAN

2010-04-01

167

Repercussões da gravidez em adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos em contexto de vulnerabilidade social Impact of pregnancy on at-risk, 10-14 year-old adolescents  

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Full Text Available Com o objetivo de identificar as repercussões ocorridas na vida de adolescentes que engravidaram entre 12 e 14 anos, em contexto de vulnerabilidade social, foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas e aplicados mapas de redes com 10 participantes, quando o filho estava entre um e três anos de idade. Os dados foram analisados qualitativamente, a partir da Teoria Fundamentada Empiricamente, de Anselm Strauss e Juliet Corbin. Os resultados evidenciaram que, após a experiência de gravidez e da maternidade, as adolescentes desenvolveram maior responsabilidade por sua vida reprodutiva e reformularam projetos, valorizando mais os estudos, apesar das dificuldades para retomá-los. O relacionamento com os parceiros caracterizou-se pela união estável, destacando-se a importância destes e das mães das adolescentes em seu processo de adaptação.Aiming to identify the effects occurring in the lives of adolescents who became pregnant between 12 and 14 years old in a context of social vulnerability, we conducted semi-structured interviews and used network maps with 10 participants when their children were between 1 and 3 years old. The data were analyzed qualitatively, from the Empirically Grounded Theory of Anselm Strauss and Juliet Corbin. The results showed that after the experience of pregnancy and motherhood, adolescents developed greater responsibility for their reproductive lives and reviewed some future projects, giving more value to the studies, despite the difficulties to resume them. The relationship with partners was characterized by getting more stable, highlighting the importance of adolescents' partners and mothers in their adjustment process.

Rejane de Farias

2012-01-01

168

Respiratory Health Symptoms among Students Exposed to Different Levels of Air Pollution in a Turkish City  

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Full Text Available In this study, we aimed to investigate the frequency of respiratory health symptoms among high school students attending schools at industrial, urban and rural areas in a Turkish city. Three schools located in different zones of the city having different pollution characteristics were chosen based on the pollutant distribution maps using Geographical Information Systems (GIS software. A cross-sectional survey was performed among 667 high school students in the schools. Outdoor and indoor nitrogen dioxide (NO2 and ozone (O3 concentrations were also measured by passive samplers in the same schools to investigate possible routes of exposure. Chronic pulmonary disease (OR = 1.49; 95%CI: 1.11–1.99; p = 0.008, tightness in the chest (OR = 1.57; 95%CI: 1.22–2.02; p = 0.001, morning cough (OR = 1.81 95%CI: 1.19–2.75; p = 0.006 were higher among students in the industrial zone where nitrogen dioxide and ozone levels were also highest. There were no indoor sources of nitrogen dioxide and ozone exists in the schools except for the dining hall. As a conclusion, this study has noticed that air pollution and respiratory health problems among high school students are high in industrial zones and the use of passive samplers combined with GIS is an effective tool that may be used by public health researchers to identify pollutant zones and persons at risk.

Günay Güngör

2011-04-01

169

What are the Main Sources of Turkish EFL Students’ Anxiety in Oral Practice?  

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Full Text Available This study was designed in order to investigate two potential sources of the anxiety of Turkish learners of English in oral practice:1 an individual student’s fear of negative evaluation, and 2 his/her self-perceived speaking ability. A total of 55 first year students enrolling in Anadolu University, Education Faculty, ELT Department participated in the study. A 55-item multiple-choice survey was administered to the participants in a regular classroom hour. The survey consisted of five parts: Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE, Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS, Self-Rating Can-Do Scale (SR-CDS, Self-Rating for the Current Level of Study (SR-CL, Self-Rating Perception by the English (SR-EPE. The Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analyses were run for the statistical interpretation of the data. To achieve valid and reliable results, 15 students were also randomly chosen to conduct an interview in order to find out their reasons for being anxious in using English. The students’ responses given to the survey were probed to have a better understanding of sources leading to high anxiety. The results of the study indicated a positive correlation between an individual’s fear of negative evaluation and his/her anxiety level. Moreover, the findings of the current study revealed that there were significant negative relationships between anxiety and three of self-ratings; SR-CDS, SR-CL and SR-EPE. In addition, it was showed that among the FNE and the three self-ratings of English speaking ability, the combination of the FNE, the SR-CL and SR-CDS was the most appropriate model of predictors of anxiety level of this sample. Finally, the analysis of interview data provided valuable information about the main sources of the students’ anxiety in oral practice such as: personal reasons, teachers’ manners, teaching procedures, and previous experience.

Gonca Suba??

2010-10-01

170

Clínica y epidemiología de las infecciones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años Clinics and Epidemiology of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old  

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Full Text Available Introducción: las infecciones respiratorias agudas altas o bajas constituyen un complejo sindrómico que agrupa entidades clínicas con gran diversidad epidemiológica y de agentes causales, lo cual hace difícil su prevención y control. Objetivo: realizar un estudio clínico-epidemiológico de las infecciones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años. Material y método: se realizó una investigación observacional, analítica, de casos-controles en cuatro consultorios de tipo I pertenecientes al policlínico Raúl Sánchez del municipio Pinar del Río en el período febrero/2010-octubre/2011. El universo estuvo conformado por los pacientes que acudieron a los consultorios, asignándose al grupo estudio (casos aquellos con infección respiratoria aguda de 0-14 años de edad (n=272 y por cada paciente del grupo estudio se seleccionó uno de la misma edad sin la enfermedad atendido posteriormente (controles. Resultados: las infecciones respiratorias altas fueron las más frecuentes (88,2 % y dentro de ellas el catarro común; la edad 5-14 años la más afectada (63,2 %, los síntomas más frecuentes: secreción nasal (56,3%, fiebre (48,8% y tos (40%; los factores de riesgo individuales más importantes: no lactancia materna exclusiva (OR=4,6 y peso Introduction: acute upper and low respiratory tract infections constitute a complex of various illnesses that group clinical entities having a great diversity of epidemiological and underlying agents, which difficult the processes of prevention and control. Objective: to carry out a clinical-epidemiological study of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old. Material and method: an observational, analytical of case-control research in four type-1 doctor’s offices belonging to “Raul Sanchez” outpatient clinic in Pinar del Rio municipality during February 2010-October 2011. The target group involved the patients attending to the doctor’s offices, assigning to the study-group (cases those suffering from acute respiratory tract infections from 0-14 years old (n=272 and per each patient who comprised the study-group one of the same ages not including the disease was subsequently chosen (control group. Results: upper respiratory infections were the most frequent (88,2% and among them common flu; the most affected ages were from 5-14 (63,2%, and the most repeated symptoms: nasal secretions (56,3%, fever (48,8% and cough (40%; the most important risk factors: not exclusive breast feeding (OR=4,6 and

Yamilka Oliva González

2013-02-01

171

Evaluation of agreement levels between parents and children in reporting oral health-related quality of life in 11-14 year-old children of Isfahan city in 1389  

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Full Text Available   Background and Aims: Oral health prepares us for daily activities without discomfort, and dissatisfaction. In this research, agreement level between parents and children aged 11-14 year-old in reporting child oral health-related quality of life was studied in Isfahan city.   Materials and Methods: In this descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study 128 pairs of parents and children aged 11-14 were selected with random sampling technique from schools in Isfahan and were asked to complete the relevant questionnaires. The questionnaires evaluated quality of life in four fields of oral signs, functional deficits and emotional and social health. In order to evaluate child-parent agreement, intra-correlation coefficient (ICC, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, Spearman’s correlation coefficient and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC were used (?=0.05.   Results: The agreements between PPQ11-14 (parent perception questionnaire, CPQ11-14 (child perception questionnaire and the related fields were 0.81, -0.67. The highest agreement level (ICC=0.83 was related to emotional health (excellent, followed by functional deficits (ICC=0.80, social health (ICC=0.69 and oral signs (ICC=0.64. Pearson's test showed significant correlations between CPQ11-14 and PPQ11-14 (r=0.81 (P<0.01.   Conclusion: Although parents, especially mothers, may be used as proxies for their children in relation to quality of life and related fields, the views of both should be obtained in order to fully represent child oral health-related quality of life issues.

Parvin Khadem

2013-08-01

172

Repercussões da gravidez em adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos em contexto de vulnerabilidade social / Impact of pregnancy on at-risk, 10-14 year-old adolescents  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Com o objetivo de identificar as repercussões ocorridas na vida de adolescentes que engravidaram entre 12 e 14 anos, em contexto de vulnerabilidade social, foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas e aplicados mapas de redes com 10 participantes, quando o filho estava entre um e três anos de id [...] ade. Os dados foram analisados qualitativamente, a partir da Teoria Fundamentada Empiricamente, de Anselm Strauss e Juliet Corbin. Os resultados evidenciaram que, após a experiência de gravidez e da maternidade, as adolescentes desenvolveram maior responsabilidade por sua vida reprodutiva e reformularam projetos, valorizando mais os estudos, apesar das dificuldades para retomá-los. O relacionamento com os parceiros caracterizou-se pela união estável, destacando-se a importância destes e das mães das adolescentes em seu processo de adaptação. Abstract in english Aiming to identify the effects occurring in the lives of adolescents who became pregnant between 12 and 14 years old in a context of social vulnerability, we conducted semi-structured interviews and used network maps with 10 participants when their children were between 1 and 3 years old. The data w [...] ere analyzed qualitatively, from the Empirically Grounded Theory of Anselm Strauss and Juliet Corbin. The results showed that after the experience of pregnancy and motherhood, adolescents developed greater responsibility for their reproductive lives and reviewed some future projects, giving more value to the studies, despite the difficulties to resume them. The relationship with partners was characterized by getting more stable, highlighting the importance of adolescents' partners and mothers in their adjustment process.

Rejane de, Farias; Carmen Ojeda Ocampo, Moré.

173

Microinvasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix in a 14-year-old adolescent: case report and literature review / Carcinoma microinvasor do colo uterino em paciente de 14 anos: relato de caso e revisão da literatura  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: O câncer do colo uterino é raro na adolescência, apresentando taxas de incidência de 0/100.000 adolescentes com idade entre 10 a 19 anos e de 1,7/100.000 mulheres com idade entre 20 e 24 anos. Entretanto, vários estudos mostram a incidência crescente das lesões pré-neoplásicas em idade cad [...] a vez menores. RELATO DE CASO: Este artigo relata um caso de carcinoma microinvasor do colo uterino em paciente de 14 anos com menarca aos 10 anos e a primeira relação aos 12 anos. Com este relato objetivamos alertar a comunidade médica, principalmente ginecologistas e pediatras, para a prevenção do carcinoma cervical entre adolescentes com vida sexual ativa. Além da realização de projetos educativos que divulguem a finalidade do exame citopatológico, o uso de preservativos e o controle do número de parceiros sexuais. Abstract in english CONTEXT: Cancer of the uterine cervix is rare during adolescence. The reported rates are 0/100,000 adolescents aged 10 to 19 years and 1.7/100,000 women aged 20 to 24 years. However, several studies have shown increasing incidence of preneoplastic lesions at increasingly early ages. CASE REPORT: Thi [...] s paper reports a case of microinvasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix in a 14-year-old patient with menarche at 10 years of age and first coitus at 12 years of age. The objective of the present report was to alert gynecologists and pediatricians regarding the need for cervical carcinoma prevention among sexually active adolescents, based on educational programs that explain the purpose of colpocytological examinations and encourage their use, along with condom use and limitation of the number of sexual partners.

Carla Vitola, Gonçalves; Silvana Maria, Quintana; Alessandra Cristina, Marcolin; Geraldo, Duarte; Juvenal Soares Dias da, Costa; Fabine, Karam; Mônia Steigleder, Bianchi.

174

An Investigation of Visual Reading Activities in Student Workbooks of 1st – 5th Grades Turkish Course  

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Full Text Available This study aims at investigating the situation of visual reading outcomes of 1st -5th grades Turkish Course in student workbook activities and the coherence between theactivities and outcomes. In this study, visual reading outcomes in Primary Education TurkishCourse Curriculum and those outcomes related with activities in “Turkish Course StudentWorkbooks” written by The Ministry of National Education in 2007 for 1st -5th grades wereinvestigated through documentary analysis. For data analysis, descriptive analysis wasconducted. According to the result of the study, it was determined that while some of theoutcomes (such as “comments on pictures and photographs”, “writes sentences and texts viastarting from visuals”, “knows the meaning of figures, symbols and signs” frequently tookplace in the activities in student workbooks, some of them (such as uses information and communication technologies to collect data were not observed. Indeed it was seen that someof the outcomes (such as “questions the messages in advertisements”, “interpretsinformation, news and ideas which are given by mass communications, reads map and plan”,“perceives the message given in caricatures.” took place in few activities.

Bilge ÇAM AKTA?

2010-01-01

175

Validity and reliability of a Turkish version of the body shape questionnaire among female high school students: preliminary examination.  

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The aim of this study is to assess the validity and reliability of a Turkish version of the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) among young people. The BSQ was initially administrated to female high school students (N?=?665) and administered a second time to a subset of subjects (N?=?144). The subjects also completed the Eating Attitudes Test, the Body Image Satisfaction Questionnaire (a dieting questionnaire) and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (SCL-90), and were weighed, and their body mass indices were calculated. Test-retest reliability of the BSQ was 0.81. The BSQ score correlated highly with the Eating Attitudes Test, Body Image Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist. Higher BSQ scores were also associated with higher body mass index. The results suggest that the Turkish version of BSQ is a valid and reliable tool for assessing body image concerns in teenagers. PMID:21953701

Akdemir, Asena; Inandi, Tacettin; Akbas, Duygu; Karaoglan Kahilogullari, Akfer; Eren, Mehmet; Canpolat, Banu Isik

2012-01-01

176

THE COOPERATION AND DETERMINATION OF PERSONAL INTEGRATION LEVELS OF TURKISH STUDENTS ACCORDING TO THEIR SPORTS PARTICIPATION LEVEL  

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Full Text Available The aim of this research is to determine and the personal integration levels of Turkish students who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and who not doing sports living in Germany. This research includes 440 students studying in schools determined by Republic of Turkey, Embassy of Munich, Office of Education Attache who inhabit in Munich and its surroundings and who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and not doing sports. In this research, “Personal Information Form” and “ Hacettepe Personality Inventory” were used as data gathering tool. As a result of research, if averages of Hacettepe Personality Inventory (HPI subscale point are analyzed in terms of sex,age and type of school, it is apparent that points of students who doing sports are higher than the points of students who not doing sport; in other words students who doing sports are more adaptable than the students who not doing sports.

Emin KURU

2010-04-01

177

The Effect of Problem Solving Teaching with Texts of Turkish Lesson on Students’ Problem Solving Skills  

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Full Text Available In this research, by carrying out activities based on texts, effect of providing problem solving skill on students’ levels of problem solving attainment was tried to be identified. Research was performed according to pretest-posttest Experimental Model with Control Group, in 2008-2009 educational year at second grade of an elementary school in Denizli province. For nine weeks, four hours in a week, while teacher guide book was being followed in control group in Turkish language lesson, texts were carried out with problem solving activities in experimental group. In the research, “Problem Solving Test” which were used as data collection tools, were developed by benefiting from matching of attainment-problem solving steps-cognitive domain steps. Problem Solving Test is made up of 16 multiple choice and 9 open ended questions. In the analysis of data, t test was used. It was found that problem solving teaching succeeded at “identifying different possible solutions in the light of collected data, applying the decided way of solution, evaluating types of solutions, evaluating used problem solving method” stages of problem solving.

Havva ILGIN

2012-08-01

178

Reading Fluency beyond English: Investigations into Reading Fluency in Turkish Elementary Students  

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Full Text Available Reading fluency is one of the underlying factors of successful language curricula and it is also one of the defining characteristics of good readers. A lack of fluency is a common characteristic of struggling readers. There is a growing body of research that demonstrates proficiency in reading fluency is important for success in learning to read English. While the role of reading fluency is increasingly recognized as important for literacy acquisition in English, less is known about the role that fluency plays in literacy acquisition in other languages. The present manuscript aims to shed light on the impact of reading fluency in the Turkish language context, and also to provide some practical implications for Turkish stakeholders in education system to improve Turkish children`s reading fluency and thereby also improve Turkish children’s overall reading proficiency.

Kasim YILDIRIM

2014-10-01

179

AN EXAMINATION OF TURKISH HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES TOWARD PHYSICAL EDUCATION WITH REGARD TO GENDER AND GRADE LEVEL  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine gender and grade differences in Turkish high school students’ attitudestoward physical education. Participants consisted of 1604 (807 girls and 797 boys voluntary 9, 10 and 11th grade (6169th graders, 534 10th graders and 454 11th graders students (X Age=15.67±1.19 attending three public high schools incentral Ankara in Turkey. Attitudes toward Physical Education and Sport Scale which was developed by Demirhan andAltay (13 was used. The Attitudes toward Physical Education and Sport Scale was administered to high school studentsby first author in 2008-2009 spring semester. Independent Samples t- test was employed to investigate genderdifferences and ANOVA was employed to investigate grade level differences on The Attitudes toward PhysicalEducation and Sport Scale total score. The findings showed that the Turkish high school students’ attitudes towardphysical education were neutral and it did not change according to gender and grade level. Students experience positivecognitive and affective outcomes as a result of their participation to physical education classes. To ensure children aremotivated to participate in physical education, physical education teachers should obtain opportunities for all students toexperienced achievement regardless of their talent.

Erturan Ilker G.

2011-11-01

180

Approaches of elementary school students towards the lesson of Ataturk’s principles and history of Turkish Revolution of the Turkish Republic  

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Full Text Available It can be said that French Revolution, broke out in 1789, affected Europe deeply in freedom, equality, particularly with the ideas of nationalism. New values were introduced with the nationalism. With the new symbols, national states sought to give the community a new identity. Within this new formation, political powers in the adoption by the community and in its efforts to provide legitimacy, transfer tools to future generations are extremely important. In this context, the teaching of history is of great importance. In this study, a field survey was conducted on the lesson called Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution which have aims such as being able to teach the stages of foundation of the Republic of Turkey and to transfer the information to future generations. In that study, it was also aimed to find out information about the methodology of the lesson which has great importance on the development of the consciousness of Nationalism and citizenship and about founder of Turkish republic Ataturk. In this study a survey model was used. The students, who were studying in K?r?ehir in the 2010-2011 academic years, set the population of the survey. To collect data in the survey, a questioner is used with the aim of discovering the opinions of the students about the course of “Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution. In the analysis, the t-test is used and the method of single factor variance analysis (ANOVA and percentage frequency is used.

Bengül Salman Bolat

2013-04-01

 
 
 
 
181

Concordancia entre observadores en la detección por palpación de bocio en población escolar de 6 a 14 años / Interobserver Agreement in Detecting Goitre in a School Population between 6 and 14 years old  

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Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamento: Estimar la concordancia entre observadores en la detección de bocio por palpación manual en la población escolar. Métodos. Durante un periodo de 5 meses durante el curso escolar 2001/2002 se estudió la presencia de bocio en una muestra representativa de 845 escolares de 6 a 14 años de 18 [...] colegios de una Área de Salud de la Comunidad Valenciana. La exploración fue realizada de forma enmascarada por dos observadores (siempre los mismos). El tamaño tiroideo se estableció en seis grados (OA, OB, I, II, III y IV). Se consideró bocio a partir del grado OB inclusive. La concordancia se valoró en relación a variables como edad, sexo, masa corporal, y día de exploración. Se utilizó el índice kappa ponderado como medida de concordancia. Resultados. La prevalencia global de bocio fue del 40,4% según el observador 1º y de 36,8% para el 2º. La concordancia entre observadores tuvo un índice kappa de 0,83 (IC95% 0,78 - 0,88) y fue similar en relación al sexo, la masa corporal y el día de exploración. Según la edad de los niños: de 6 a 7 años (kappa 0,80; IC95% 0,69-0,91) de 12 a 14 años (kappa 0,85; IC95% 0,72 - 0,97). Conclusiones. Los observadores consiguieron una concordancia muy alta en la detección de bocio por palpación manual. La edad del niño influyó en el grado de concordancia con mayor dificultad en los más pequeños. Abstract in english Background: To estimate the agreement between observers on the detection of goitre by palpation in the school population because it is considered a variability test. Methods: For five months, during 2001/2002, the presence of goitre was studied in across-section sample of 845 school children (for 6 [...] to 14 years old) from 18 school centres in a Health Area in Valentian Community. The exploration was always carried out by the same two observers. The thyroid size was established in 6 degrees. It was considered goitre since 0B inclusive. The agreement was assessed in relation to age, sex, IBM, and the exploration date. The Kappa Index was used as a measure of agreement. Results: The global prevalence of goitre was 40,4% according to the first observer and 36,8% to the second one. The agreement between observers was high, with a Kappa Index of 0.83 and it was similar in relation to sex, IBM, and the exploration date. It was smaller in the youngest children (six and seven years old) than in the oldest ones (from 12 to 14). Conclusions: An excellent interobserver agreement in clinic assessment of goitre by palpation in a school children population was achieved. The least concordance was seen in youngest group. It would be advisable to include the study of agreement in the protocol of endemic goitre study.

Begoña, Peris Roig; Agustín Ángel, Merchante Alfaro; José María, Tenias Burillo; Nieves, Atienzar Herráez; Fernando, Calvo Rigual; Mª José, López García.

2009-04-01

182

Concordancia entre observadores en la detección por palpación de bocio en población escolar de 6 a 14 años / Interobserver Agreement in Detecting Goitre in a School Population between 6 and 14 years old  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Fundamento: Estimar la concordancia entre observadores en la detección de bocio por palpación manual en la población escolar. Métodos. Durante un periodo de 5 meses durante el curso escolar 2001/2002 se estudió la presencia de bocio en una muestra representativa de 845 escolares de 6 a 14 años de 18 [...] colegios de una Área de Salud de la Comunidad Valenciana. La exploración fue realizada de forma enmascarada por dos observadores (siempre los mismos). El tamaño tiroideo se estableció en seis grados (OA, OB, I, II, III y IV). Se consideró bocio a partir del grado OB inclusive. La concordancia se valoró en relación a variables como edad, sexo, masa corporal, y día de exploración. Se utilizó el índice kappa ponderado como medida de concordancia. Resultados. La prevalencia global de bocio fue del 40,4% según el observador 1º y de 36,8% para el 2º. La concordancia entre observadores tuvo un índice kappa de 0,83 (IC95% 0,78 - 0,88) y fue similar en relación al sexo, la masa corporal y el día de exploración. Según la edad de los niños: de 6 a 7 años (kappa 0,80; IC95% 0,69-0,91) de 12 a 14 años (kappa 0,85; IC95% 0,72 - 0,97). Conclusiones. Los observadores consiguieron una concordancia muy alta en la detección de bocio por palpación manual. La edad del niño influyó en el grado de concordancia con mayor dificultad en los más pequeños. Abstract in english Background: To estimate the agreement between observers on the detection of goitre by palpation in the school population because it is considered a variability test. Methods: For five months, during 2001/2002, the presence of goitre was studied in across-section sample of 845 school children (for 6 [...] to 14 years old) from 18 school centres in a Health Area in Valentian Community. The exploration was always carried out by the same two observers. The thyroid size was established in 6 degrees. It was considered goitre since 0B inclusive. The agreement was assessed in relation to age, sex, IBM, and the exploration date. The Kappa Index was used as a measure of agreement. Results: The global prevalence of goitre was 40,4% according to the first observer and 36,8% to the second one. The agreement between observers was high, with a Kappa Index of 0.83 and it was similar in relation to sex, IBM, and the exploration date. It was smaller in the youngest children (six and seven years old) than in the oldest ones (from 12 to 14). Conclusions: An excellent interobserver agreement in clinic assessment of goitre by palpation in a school children population was achieved. The least concordance was seen in youngest group. It would be advisable to include the study of agreement in the protocol of endemic goitre study.

Begoña, Peris Roig; Agustín Ángel, Merchante Alfaro; José María, Tenias Burillo; Nieves, Atienzar Herráez; Fernando, Calvo Rigual; Mª José, López García.

2009-04-01

183

Cefalometría lateral de Ricketts en adolescentes de 12 a 14 años con oclusión normal, 2001-2003 / Rickett´s lateral cephalometry in 12-14 years-old adolescents with normal occlusion, 2001-2003  

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Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal en niños de 12 a 14 años de edad del área de salud perteneciente a la Clínica Estomatológica Docente "Ormani Arenado", en el período comprendido de julio de 2001 a julio de 2003, con el objetivo de describir el comportamiento de las normas cefalométrica [...] s del análisis lateral de Ricketts. El universo estuvo constituido por 1 683 niños matriculados en los centros de educación primaria y secundaria de dicha área de salud, de los cuales se obtuvo una muestra por factibilidad de 50 niños (21 masculinos y 29 femeninos) con oclusión normal, sin antecedentes de haber recibido tratamiento ortodóncico. Se examinaron los niños objeto de estudio y se analizaron las variables: edad, sexo, medidas del cefalograma lateral de Ricketts y biotipo facial. El análisis estadístico se realizó mediante tablas de distribución de frecuencia, estadígrafos de tendencia central, de dispersión y coeficiente de correlación de Pearson. Se obtuvo que existió coincidencia en el comportamiento del crecimiento mandibular con lo propuesto por Ricketts en los grupos de edad de 12 y 14 años, mientras que en el de 13 años, se observó un retrognatismo mandibular. Además, se pusieron de manifiesto las características de protrusión maxilar, mesogresión, vestibuloversión de incisivos y protrusión labial marcadas en la muestra estudiada. Se observó una elevada correlación entre las distintas variables que determinan el biotipo facial. En la distribución biotipológica el patrón más representado fue el mesofacial, seguido por el dolicofacial. Se concluye que existieron variaciones en nuestra población en cuanto a las medidas del cefalograma lateral propuesto por Ricketts que representa el estándar internacional. Abstract in english A descriptive cross-sectional study of 12-14 years-old adolescents from the health care area cared for by "Ormani Arenado" teaching dental clinic was carried out from July 2001 to July 2003, with the objective of describing the behavior of Rickett´s lateral analysis cephalometric standards. The univ [...] erse of study was composed by 1 683 children studying in elementary and junior high schools of the said health care area, from whom a sample of 50 children (21 males and 29 females) with normal occlusion and no history of prior orthodontic treatment was taken by a feasibility method. The children under study were examined on the basis of the following variables: age, sex, Rickett´s lateral cephalogram measures and facial biotype. The statistical analysis was based on frequency distribution tables, central tendency stadigraph, dispersion tables and Pearson´s correlation coefficient. It was found that the behavior of jaw development matched with Rickett´s standards in 12 y and 14 y age groups whereas the 13-y age group showed mandible retrognathism. Maxillary protrusion, mesogression, vestibuloversion of incisors and lip protrusion were marked characteristics observed in the studied samples. There was high correlation among the variables determining the facial biotype. The mesofacial pattern followed by the dolichofacial pattern prevailed in biotypological distribution. It was concluded that some variations were observed in our population in comparison with Rickett´s lateral cephalogram measures that represent the international standard.

Zoila Rosa, Podadera Valdés; Francisco Luis, Rodríguez Díaz; Teddy Osmín, Tamargo Barbeito; Santa, González Corrales.

184

Cefalometría lateral de Ricketts en adolescentes de 12 a 14 años con oclusión normal, 2001-2003 / Rickett´s lateral cephalometry in 12-14 years-old adolescents with normal occlusion, 2001-2003  

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Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal en niños de 12 a 14 años de edad del área de salud perteneciente a la Clínica Estomatológica Docente "Ormani Arenado", en el período comprendido de julio de 2001 a julio de 2003, con el objetivo de describir el comportamiento de las normas cefalométrica [...] s del análisis lateral de Ricketts. El universo estuvo constituido por 1 683 niños matriculados en los centros de educación primaria y secundaria de dicha área de salud, de los cuales se obtuvo una muestra por factibilidad de 50 niños (21 masculinos y 29 femeninos) con oclusión normal, sin antecedentes de haber recibido tratamiento ortodóncico. Se examinaron los niños objeto de estudio y se analizaron las variables: edad, sexo, medidas del cefalograma lateral de Ricketts y biotipo facial. El análisis estadístico se realizó mediante tablas de distribución de frecuencia, estadígrafos de tendencia central, de dispersión y coeficiente de correlación de Pearson. Se obtuvo que existió coincidencia en el comportamiento del crecimiento mandibular con lo propuesto por Ricketts en los grupos de edad de 12 y 14 años, mientras que en el de 13 años, se observó un retrognatismo mandibular. Además, se pusieron de manifiesto las características de protrusión maxilar, mesogresión, vestibuloversión de incisivos y protrusión labial marcadas en la muestra estudiada. Se observó una elevada correlación entre las distintas variables que determinan el biotipo facial. En la distribución biotipológica el patrón más representado fue el mesofacial, seguido por el dolicofacial. Se concluye que existieron variaciones en nuestra población en cuanto a las medidas del cefalograma lateral propuesto por Ricketts que representa el estándar internacional. Abstract in english A descriptive cross-sectional study of 12-14 years-old adolescents from the health care area cared for by "Ormani Arenado" teaching dental clinic was carried out from July 2001 to July 2003, with the objective of describing the behavior of Rickett´s lateral analysis cephalometric standards. The univ [...] erse of study was composed by 1 683 children studying in elementary and junior high schools of the said health care area, from whom a sample of 50 children (21 males and 29 females) with normal occlusion and no history of prior orthodontic treatment was taken by a feasibility method. The children under study were examined on the basis of the following variables: age, sex, Rickett´s lateral cephalogram measures and facial biotype. The statistical analysis was based on frequency distribution tables, central tendency stadigraph, dispersion tables and Pearson´s correlation coefficient. It was found that the behavior of jaw development matched with Rickett´s standards in 12 y and 14 y age groups whereas the 13-y age group showed mandible retrognathism. Maxillary protrusion, mesogression, vestibuloversion of incisors and lip protrusion were marked characteristics observed in the studied samples. There was high correlation among the variables determining the facial biotype. The mesofacial pattern followed by the dolichofacial pattern prevailed in biotypological distribution. It was concluded that some variations were observed in our population in comparison with Rickett´s lateral cephalogram measures that represent the international standard.

Zoila Rosa, Podadera Valdés; Francisco Luis, Rodríguez Díaz; Teddy Osmín, Tamargo Barbeito; Santa, González Corrales.

2004-08-01

185

An investigation of students’ life satisfaction and loneliness level in a sample of Turkish students  

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Full Text Available This study investigated the correlation between the life satisfaction and loneliness levels of students of Faculty of Education with respected to age and gender variables. The participants are students at the Educational Faculty of Çukurova University in Adana/Turkey. The sample consists of 422 students, 223 female and 199 male. Their life satisfaction and loneliness levels were measured by the "UCLA Loneliness Scale" and "Life Satisfaction Scale", also "Personal Information Form" is used to gather personal information. To analyze data, t-test, one-way ANOVA, stepwise regression and correlation statistical techniques are used. The research findings show that the male students' loneliness level is higher than the female students' loneliness level. There is no significant difference found between male and female students' life satisfaction. Beside, the correlation between age and loneliness level shows that, loneliness level is increased with the increase of age. However, there is a negative correlation between life satisfaction and loneliness level. Based on research findings, researchers suggest that the psychological counseling and guidance services of university must be functionalized and improved to increase students' life satisfaction and to decrease loneliness level.

Songül Tümkaya

2008-05-01

186

English and Turkish pupils’ understanding of decomposition  

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Full Text Available This study aimed to describe seventh grade English and Turkish students’ levels of understanding of decomposition. Data were analyzed descriptively from the students’ written responses to four diagnostic questions about decomposition. Results revealed that the English students had considerably higher sound understanding and lower no understanding than the Turkish students while the he Turkish students’ level of misunderstanding of decomposition was lower than those of the English students. The English and Turkish students’ responses tended to show similar partial understanding in explaining decomposition. Difference between levels of understandings was significant according to result of chi-square test.

Gülcan ÇET?N

2007-12-01

187

A Writing Self-Efficacy Scale for Non-Native Students of Turkish Origin: A Validity and Reliability Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present study aimed to develop a scale to measure the writing self-efficacy of non-native students of Turkish origin (Uzbek, Kazak etc.) who come from abroad to Turkey for education. Firstly, the distinctiveness of each item in the item pool was examined in the data analysis. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used in the second phase of the data analysis. As a result of the analysis, a scale with 2 factors and 17 items was obtained. These two factors explain 58.45% of the ...

Kadir Kaan Büyükikiz; Yusuf Uyar; Ahmet Balc?

2013-01-01

188

THE EFFECT OF A FIGURE WHERE SYMMETRY USED IN TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS IS APPLIED ON WRITING SKILLS OF TURKISH LANGUAGE AND PRIMARY MATHEMATICS TEACHING 1ST GRADE STUDENTS  

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Full Text Available With this study, it is aimed to afford an artistic development for science of mathematics with using literary language and learn with associating visual themes and imaginariness in essays. In the study, different written expression works, which are composed about same symmetric figure, of first grade preservice teachers of Turkish Language and Mathematics Teaching are compared.This study will put forth the grasp of communication skill of preservice students who are implementers of new program of Turkish and Mathematics lesson used from 2005 and in which the importance of this skill is emphasized. Also this study will contribute education of preservice students henceforwards.

Mine AKTA?

2011-08-01

189

Psychometric Analysis of the Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM Among Turkish Undergraduate Students  

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Full Text Available Interpersonal sensitivity is, undue and excessive awareness of and sensitivity to, the behavior and feelings of others. The Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM is a self-reported scale developed by Boyce and Parker (1989 to measure hypersensitivity to interpersonal relations. The aim of the present study is to adapt the IPSM into Turkish. The validity of the IPSM is investigated by confirmatory (CFA and exploratory (EFA factor analyses and criterion-related validity. The result of the CFA suggested that the original factor structure of the IPSM does not fit the present data. The EFA revealed a new three-factor structure for the IPSM. The reliability of the IPSM is investigated by computing internal consistency. Results showed that the Turkish IPSM had a high internal consistency (Cronbach alpha = .81. The psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the IPSM showed a satisfactory level of reliability and validity.

Tayfun Do?an

2012-04-01

190

Turkish Teaching Curriculum and Specific Area Abilities of Turkish  

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Full Text Available The aim of the article is to find out the level of accordance of expectations from teachers and students who are two fundamental building blocks of education by comparing ability area in the specific area abilities of Turkish teacher,sub abilities and performance indicator to learning areas in Turkish teaching curriculum,aims and behaviours. In the direction this aim “general abilities of Teacher” and “Specific area abilities of Turkish” were primarily emphasized.Scanning method was used in this article.Expected behaviours from Turkish teacher are matched with the aims and behaviours students are expected to reach and shown in tables.The level of accordance of teacher ability and the aims and behaviours of student were found out,evaluations and suggestions were made related to Specific area abilities of Turkish.

Nail GÜNEY

2010-01-01

191

THE ( AND ( PHONEMES AS FOSSILIZED PRONUNCIATION ERRORS FOR TURKISH ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHERS AND STUDENTS: UNDOING THE FOSSILIZED PRONUNCIATION ERROR  

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Full Text Available According to Haycraft, (1984: 90, “Since all humans have almost identical speechorgans, there should not be any ‘difficult’ sounds.” This is not a totally true thought becausethe nonnative speaking students apply the pronunciation rules of their native language, andthe result of such a conduct is the establishment of mother-tongue interference which boilsdown to be an unavoidable intrusion while learning a foreign language. A great majority ofpronunciation errors are due to inevitable mother-tongue pronunciation habits, which exhibitcertain resistance to the sounds of the target language. The mother-tongue association to theacquisition of some target language phonemes that are called the core sounds. (Demirezen2007e. The core sounds of the English language, such “consonants like / t ---> T, d ---> D, v---> w / and vowels like / e ---> Q, e ---> E, Q ----> E, « ---> Q, Q ---> Ã,  ----> ow, V-----> Vw /, constitute the prime fossilized mistake continuum for the Turkish teachers,teacher trainees and students in learning and teaching English as a foreign language.”Demirezen, 2007e: 306. This articles aims at analyzing and offering rehabilitative solutionsto one of such core sounds, namely / Q ---> à / contrast that harms the pronunciation ofTurkish learners of English.

Mehmet Demirezen

2008-10-01

192

THE WRITING PROBLEMS OF IRANIAN STUDENTS IN THE BASIC LEVEL WHO LEARNS TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE  

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Full Text Available At all levels of education as well as teaching Turkish to foreigners is an issue to be dealt with on the importance of input and output. In this respect, the work of writing and language learning that is possible to determine the level of their writing skills. In this context, at the end of term exams and courses, as well as on the data obtained, the detection and correction of errors, both in terms of the potential students and the teacher guiding the student is. In addition, the students already know their mistakes, to gain the ability to write in the future is important to minimize errors. At this work we identified the Iranian students writing problems and presented their recommendations for the solution. The study designed as a survey. The Data collected about the students problems on writing from the exams which the centre done on writing part and the students composition papers during the period. The mistakes of the students made in written expression, grouped audio information, morphology, the syntax and orthography.

Emrah Boylu

2014-08-01

193

The Effect of Combining Analogy-Based Simulation and Laboratory Activities on Turkish Elementary School Students' Understanding of Simple Electric Circuits  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the combination of both analogy-based simulation and laboratory activities as a teaching tool was more effective than utilizing them separately in teaching the concepts of simple electricity. The quasi-experimental design that involved 66 seventh grade students from urban Turkish elementary…

Unlu, Zeynep Koyunlu; Dokme, Ibilge

2011-01-01

194

Gender-related beliefs of Turkish female science teachers and their effect on interactions with female and male students  

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The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between Turkish female science teachers' gender-related beliefs and those teachers' corresponding interaction with their male and female students. The data was collected from five different sources: Surveys, interviews, observations, chi square data from the observation phase, and interviews with selected teachers. The data was analyzed using the Ericson interpretive method of socio-cultural theories which provided a framework for understanding the development of teacher beliefs and their interactions with their students. In this study, the survey revealed three types of teachers ranging from traditional, moderate to modern. Moderate teachers exhibited characteristics that were on a continuum between the traditional and modern teachers. Traditional teachers believed that males and females should have certain defined roles. Females should be responsible for taking care of the needs of their children and their husbands. By comparison, modern teachers did not assign specific roles to either males or females. With regard to the role of women in science, traditional teachers believed that female scientists could not be as successful as male scientists. By comparison, modern teachers believed that female scientists could be as successful as male scientists. Modern teachers did indicate that they thought females needed to work harder than males to prove themselves. When it came to the teachers' views and beliefs regarding their female and male students' success in their science classrooms, traditional teachers believed that their male students were brighter than their female students. They also believed that female students excelled only because they worked harder. Modern teachers believed that success is dependent on each student's background and his or her interest in science. Classroom observation indicated that traditional and modern teachers interacted differently with their male and female students. Traditional teachers provided more speaking time to male students and permitted male students to ask more questions than their female students. Modern teachers, on the other hand, paid equal attention to all their students. Both groups' belief systems were apparent and impacted their interactions with their students.

Uysal, Sibel

195

The Europeanisation of German Ethnic Identities: The Case of German and Turkish Students in Two Stuttgart Secondary Schools  

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Germany's national (or ethnic) identity has become thoroughly European and there are even signs of Eurocentrism. This is particularly problematic for the Turkish Muslims who, arguably, are not European. This article explores how fifteen-year-old German and Turkish youth in two Stuttgart secondary schools, one in a predominantly working-class area…

Faas, Daniel

2007-01-01

196

Is the Quality of Life of Turkish Smoker Students Different from Those Non-Smokers?  

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Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate whether smoking affects the quality of life of the students at Medical Documentation and Secreteriat Program (MDS) of Health Services Vocational Colleges. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the questionnaire has been applied to 147 (73,5 %) students out of 200 MDS students. As data collecting…

Unalan, Demet; Somunoglu, Sinem; Dikmetas, Elif; Elmali, Ferhan

2010-01-01

197

Assistive Technologies for Students with Disabilities: A Survey of Access and Use in Turkish Universities  

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This study examined the assistive technology needs of university students with disabilities and the availability of these technologies. It also explored the attitudes of the students with disabilities toward computers and the extent to which these are used by students with disabilities. Data was collected through a questionnaire, from 22…

Ari, Ismahan Arslan; Inan, Fethi A.

2010-01-01

198

Turkish Student Teachers' Ideas about Diagrams of a Flower and a Plant Cell  

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In the present study, the understandings of student teachers (training for the primary phase and Master's degree students from a primary science and technology education department) about flowers and plant cells using the method of drawing in combination with interviews are explored. The data were gathered from 116 student teachers and 10 Master's…

Topsakal, Unsal Umdu; Oversby, John

2012-01-01

199

Psychometric properties of Frustration Discomfort Scale in a Turkish sample.  

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The present study assessed the psychometric properties of the Frustration Discomfort Scale for Turkish college students. The Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS), Procrastination Assessment Scale-Student, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered to a sample of 171 (98 women, 73 men) Turkish college students. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis yielded fit index values demonstrating viability of the four-dimensional solution as in the original. Findings also revealed that, as predicted, the Discomfort Intolerance subscale of Turkish FDS was most strongly correlated with procrastination. Overall results provided evidence for the factor validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the scale for use in a Turkish population. PMID:23045854

Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Harrington, Neil

2012-08-01

200

A Writing Self-Efficacy Scale for Non-Native Students of Turkish Origin: A Validity and Reliability Study  

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Full Text Available The present study aimed to develop a scale to measure the writing self-efficacy of non-native students of Turkish origin (Uzbek, Kazak etc. who come from abroad to Turkey for education. Firstly, the distinctiveness of each item in the item pool was examined in the data analysis. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used in the second phase of the data analysis. As a result of the analysis, a scale with 2 factors and 17 items was obtained. These two factors explain 58.45% of the variance. The factor loads of the items vary between .479 - .867. Consistency index values obtained as a result of CFA were found to be GFI=0,90, AGFI=0,86, CFI=0,99; NFI= 0,97, RMSEA=0,049 and SRMR=0.041; (X2=158.07, df=114, p<.01; and the X2 / df ratio was found to be 158.07/114=1.39. The Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient of the scale was calculated as 0.81 and 0.93 for sub-scales and 0.94 for the entire scale.© 2013 IOJES. All rights reserved

Kadir Kaan Büyükikiz

2013-08-01

 
 
 
 
201

Student Perspectives on Study Skills in a Turkish State Secondary School Sample from Adana  

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Full Text Available The primary aim of this study was to examine the preferences of 8th grade students who had high academic grades inseveral study skills categories. The study group consisted of 23 8th grade students who were attending a statesecondary school in the province of Adana, Turkey, during the 2012-2013 academic year. The research method wasqualitative. Content analysis and descriptive analysis were used to analyse the data. The data were collected throughsemi-structured interviews with interview forms. All of the interviews were audio-recorded, learners gave writtenconsent to participate and consented orally to the interview and audio recording. The audio recordings weretranscribed. As a consequence of this research, the learners clarified their views about the study skills categories.Most of the learners expressed the following preferences: 12 students stated that they prepared study plans andweekly schedules; 14 students emphasised that they divided their courses into smaller content units when theyreviewed the course material; 15 learners stated that their study environment must be quiet; 7 students stated thatthey listened to music when experiencing stress; 9 students believed that stress is necessary for learning anddetermined that it should be maintained at an appropriate level; 4 students said that they increased their motivationby reviewing the course material; and 3 students explained that studying effectively increases their motivation. Inconclusion, when the study skills categories discussed in the literature are used to analyse students’ study habits,students seem to apply the categories of study skills when studying their course material.

Mahmut O?uz Kutlu

2013-11-01

202

Burnout Levels and Personality Traits—The Case of Turkish Architectural Students  

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The aim of this research has been to investigate the relationship between personality traits and burnout levels of architectural undergraduate students. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI) and Five Factor Model were used to collect related data. Analysis of the collected data showed variations in personality traits and burnout levels of students from first to fourth year and revealed that education process was an important role player in per...

Emel Laptali Oral; Gözde Tantekin Celik

2013-01-01

203

Burnout Levels and Personality Traits—The Case of Turkish Architectural Students  

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Full Text Available The aim of this research has been to investigate the relationship between personality traits and burnout levels of architectural undergraduate students. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI and Five Factor Model were used to collect related data. Analysis of the collected data showed variations in personality traits and burnout levels of students from first to fourth year and revealed that education process was an important role player in personality development and burnout levels of students. Architectural students tended to be more “open to experience” and “extraverted” as they proceeded from the first year to final year without having high levels of “emotional exhaustion”. “Emotional exhaustion” was observed together with “neurotic” personality traits of students. Thus, one of the key recommendations of this research is that university counselors should plan and organize guidance programmes by focusing on individual requirements caused by both the student's personality traits and demands of the university education which may vary between both years and departments. Future work of this research will thus focus on civil engineering and computer engineering students in order to determine the effect of departmental differences on burnout levels of students and guide counseling programmes within the University accordingly.

Emel Laptali Oral

2013-02-01

204

Emotion Management: Assessing Student Behavior.  

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This study was designed to identify the percent of 12-14-year-old male students' emotion management scores that demonstrated an at-risk level of emotion management functioning. The Juvenile Emotion Management Scale was administered to male middle school students to assess their emotion management ability in responding to emotional arousal.…

McLin, Arthur, Jr.

205

Turkish delight  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This article focuses on the opening up of the Turkish energy markets to international investment in an effort to join the European Union. The implementation of the EU's Directive on internal electricity markets, the benefits gained by globalisation, the growth in the Turkish electricity market, the control of power supply and distribution, generating capacity, the infrastructure needed to satisfy demand, moves towards privatisation, and joint venture with local companies are discussed. Estimates of Turkey's power demand, its strategic location, and foreign companies interested in the power market are considered. (uk)

206

Relation between Cyberbullying and Problem Solving: A Study on Turkish University Students  

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In this study, cyberbullying living frequency, what the cyber environments in which cyberbullying is lived are, and the relation between "being victim of cyberbullying" and "being cyberbullying" status and problem solving skill of university students are analysed. This research is done by attendance of 460 students from five…

Gokler, Riza

2013-01-01

207

Turkish nursing students’ perceptions and experiences of bullying behavior in nursing education  

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Objective: This descriptive study aimed to determine the bullying and harassment experiences of nursing students’ in various Nursing Schools in Turkey.  The types and frequency of bullying behaviors, the sources of bullying behaviors, and students’ emotions towards these experiences were investigated. Methods: Study participants were 370 undergraduate nurs...

Serap Palaz

2013-01-01

208

The Portfolio Effect: Enhancing Turkish ELT Student-Teachers' Autonomy  

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This article reports on the use of portfolios to develop ELT major student-teachers' autonomy. The research was carried out for 14 weeks with twenty-one 3rd grade student-teachers in the English Language Teaching Department of Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey. To evaluate the impact of portfolios on fostering the participants'…

Yildirim, Rana

2013-01-01

209

Mathematics Anxiety Among 4th And 5th Grade Turkish Elementary School Students  

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Full Text Available Using a sample of 4th and 5th graders, this study investigated whether students’ mathematics anxiety differed significantly according to a group of variables. A total of 249 students participated in the study. “The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for Elementary School Students” and “The Personal Information Form” were used for data collection. Independent samples t-tests, Oneway Anova and Schefee test were used to analyze the data. Results showed that students’ mathematics anxiety differed significantly according to gender, whether they liked mathematics class or not, whether they liked their mathematics teachers or not and the achievement level in mathematics. Female students reported significantly higher mathematics anxiety than males. Students who liked mathematics class and those who liked their mathematics teachers had lower anxiety. Students with higher achievement in mathematics reported lower degrees of mathematics anxiety. However, results did not show any significant difference in students’ mathematics anxiety with respect to their grade level and gender-stereotypes about success in mathematics.

Fulya Yüksel-?ahin

2008-10-01

210

Examining the Effects of Turkish Education Reform on Students' TIMSS 2007 Science Achievements  

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The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of some of the changes such as student centered learning (i.e. inquiry science instruction), outfitting classrooms with latest technology and computers that the reform movement has brought about on students' TIMSS 2007 science achievements. Two-staged stratified sampling was used in the selection…

Atar, Hakan Yavuz; Atar, Burcu

2012-01-01

211

Influential Factors on Students' Vocational Aspiration in Turkish Elementary Schools  

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This study explored the fifth grade elementary school students' vocational aspiration and the factors affecting it. The sample consisted of 115 students in 20 elementary public schools with whom face-to- face interviews were conducted. The findings showed that engineering, medical doctor, and school teachers were the most frequently mentioned…

Kentli, Fulya Damla

2014-01-01

212

First Steps in Educational Research: The Views of Turkish Chemistry and Biology Student Teachers  

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This qualitative study examined student teachers' views on the value of undertaking small-scale research as part of the secondary teacher training course, and evaluated quality of the research reports prepared by the student teachers in terms of meeting the methodological requirements. Data was gathered by a questionnaire composed of open-ended…

Sozbilir, Mustafa

2007-01-01

213

How Turkish Middle School Students Use the Internet to Study Social Studies  

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The Internet has become one of the most common educational tools used by teachers and students in social studies education worldwide. Although there are extensive studies on how the Internet is used by teachers as an instructional tool in social studies classes, less work has been done to explain how students themselves use and interact with…

Acikalin, Mehmet

2014-01-01

214

Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students  

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It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

2013-01-01

215

Quantity versus Quality in Turkish Higher Education.  

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This paper asserts that there have not been adequate studies about the comparative quality of Turkish universities to provide information and data for prospective students, advisors, university administrators, and policymakers. Turkey has more than 70 state and private universities. Most of these are relatively new, although Turkish higher…

Arslan, Hasan

216

Case Study of How Turkish University Students Improve Their Biochemistry Achievement  

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Full Text Available Biochemistry courses have an important place as a common subject in faculties of medicine, food engineering, biology and chemistry. MSLQ, Metacognitive Awareness Inventory and Learning Approach Questionnaire were used. The study also involves repeated observations of the same instructor in a biochemistry class over eight weeks to describe students’ academic performance, instructor practice, teaching methods and generally, learning environment in the biochemistry class. Students achieving the two highest scores, two average scores and the two lowest scores from biochemistry exams were selected for in-depth interviews and results demonstrated that self-efficacy, intrinsic goal orientation, task-value, cognitive strategies such as critical thinking ability and elaboration, metacognitive self-regulated strategies and effort regulation may have a considerable importance in students’ biochemistry achievement. Results of the study also revealed that levels of students’ awareness of what and how they monitor in their biochemistry learning process has an important effect on their biochemistry success.

Özlem Sadi

2013-09-01

217

Case Study of How Turkish University Students Improve Their Biochemistry Achievement  

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Biochemistry courses have an important place as a common subject in faculties of medicine, food engineering, biology and chemistry. MSLQ, Metacognitive Awareness Inventory and Learning Approach Questionnaire were used. The study also involves repeated observations of the same instructor in a biochemistry class over eight weeks to describe students’ academic performance, instructor practice, teaching methods and generally, learning environment in the biochemistry class. Students achieving...

Özlem Sadi

2013-01-01

218

Evaluation of knowledge, attitude and behavior of Turkish university students regarding family planning  

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Full Text Available Research conducted to define general knowledge of university students’ attitudes and behaviors about family planning. The sample consisted of 755 Sakarya University students. Data were collected from an open-ended questionnaire form and faceto-face interviews. The data analysis process was conducted using specific software. Most participants (59.7% were over 22 years old and female, and 1.2 % of the females were married. Women in the study had a positive outlook regarding the positive effects of family planning on sexual health and stated that family planning is important to both society and our economy. The awareness and knowledge regarding family planning was found to be strongest among older participants. The family planning concept was understood correctly by about half of the students. Finally, young people did not have sufficient knowledge about family planning, its methods or where to obtain information on the topic.

Fatma Fidan

2012-09-01

219

Opinions of Turkish Students Graduated from Faculties of Arts and Sciences about Pedagogical Formation Training  

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Full Text Available Training teachers is among the most important issues for many governments. In Turkey, similarly, the question of how to train teachers has been debated for years and numerous practices have been tried. One of these practices is providing pedagogical formation training to students who graduated from faculties of arts and sciences. The main aim of this study is to determine the opinions of these students about the pedagogical formation training given by faculties of education. The research was designed as a descriptive study in which scanning model was employed. The universe of the research consists of 122 students who graduated from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at K?r?kkale University and who are currently receiving pedagogical formation training in the Faculty of Education. The data in the research were collected using the assessment instrument developed by Geli?li (2009, they were analyzed and interpreted using SPSS 16.0 software, and finally suggestions are presented.

Murat Demirba?

2012-08-01

220

How Do Turkish Nursing Students Plan Their Career after the Graduation?: A Questionnaire Survey  

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This research was planned as a cross-sectional and descriptive study for the purpose of determining nursing students' expectations from a workplace and what department, area, and positions they want to work in after graduation. The research population was comprised of the four university-based schools of nursing in Ankara province. The sample was…

Yildirim, Dilek; Kececi, Ayla; Bulduk, Serap

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Video Education Centers To Meet Student Needs in Turkish Distance Education Programs.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two pilot projects undertaken in 1987 by the Open Education Faculty (OEF) of Anadolu University (Eskisehir, Turkey) were designed to determine whether distance education students would benefit from watching videotapes of the educational programs if they were made available at Video Education Centers. A project conducted in Konya, Turkey, was…

McIsaac, Marina Stock; And Others

222

Turkish nursing students' views on practice assessments and service user involvement.  

Science.gov (United States)

This descriptive study at one university in Turkey aimed to document nursing students' views on involvement of service users in clinical practice assessments. The study sample was comprised of 179 baccalaureate degree nursing students in their second, third, and fourth years of study. Data were collected using a questionnaire developed by the researchers. Participants indicated they had some problems with the present clinical practice assessment methods (73.2%) and that most of these stemmed from the clinical educators (68.2%). Sixty-eight percent of the participants responded positively to service user involvement in clinical practice assessments. However, some noted that this involvement might have some drawbacks. Results of the present study suggest that future studies on service user involvement in clinical practice assessment process are needed to further clarify this issue. PMID:23485223

Duygulu, Sergul; Abaan, Suheyla

2013-02-01

223

Assessment of root canal treatment outcomes performed by Turkish dental students: results after two years.  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate radiographically the periapical status and technical standard of root canal therapies performed by a group of undergraduate dental students in Turkey two years following completion of the treatments. A random sample of 264 patients who received root canal treatment from undergraduate students at the Yeditepe University Faculty of Dentistry in 2009 were recalled after two years. The study sample consisted of 319 root-filled teeth in 158 dental patients (females=97, males=61) who presented to the student clinics during that time frame. For each root-filled tooth, two periapical radiographs were examined to identify the periapical status, one showing pre-treatment and the other showing post-treatment status. The quality of endodontic treatment was examined according to the distance between the end of root filling and radiographic apex and the density of the obturation according to presence of voids within the root filling material. This examination found that 54.2 percent of roots had fillings of acceptable length, while 37.3 percent were short, 7.8 percent were overfilled, and 0.6 percent was unfilled; 2.5 percent of the teeth were observed with broken root canal instruments. After two years, PAI scores of teeth with acceptable length of root canal filling (0-2 mm from the radiographic apex) were found to be lower than those of the overfilling and short filling cases (>2mm) (p<0.01). Moreover, voids were detected in the root canal fillings of 52.7 percent of endodontically treated teeth. The PAI scores of root fillings with inadequate density were significantly higher than adequate ones (p<0.01). Although endodontic treatments performed by undergraduate students do not appear to be unqualified compared to those performed by general practitioners, more emphasis must be placed on the technical quality of endodontic treatment to obtain better results. PMID:23576596

Ilgüy, Dilhan; Ilgüy, Mehmet; Fisekçioglu, Erdogan; Ersan, Nilüfer; Tanalp, Jale; Dölekoglu, Semanur

2013-04-01

224

Turkish Students' Perspectives on Speaking Anxiety in Native and Non-Native English Speaker Classes  

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The aim of this study is to reveal the effect of FLA (foreign language anxiety) in native/non-native speaker of English classrooms. In this study, two groups of students (90 in total) of whom 38 were in NS (native speaker) class and 52 in NNS (non-native speaker) class taking English as a second language course for 22 hours a week at Erzincan…

Bozavli, Ebubekir; Gulmez, Recep

2012-01-01

225

Individual differences as predictors of illicit drug use among Turkish college students.  

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Although the prevalence of drug use in the young adult population in Turkey is still far below the figures reported for most European Union countries and the United States, there seems to be a noteworthy increase in drug use, especially among high school and college students. The purpose of the present study was to examine the extent of drug use among college students in Turkey and to identify some of the individual-difference variables associated with drug use. Participants were 781 college students. A survey package including (a) measures of sensation seeking-risk taking, self-esteem, affectivity level, global mental health, overall life satisfaction, and the rate and nature of substance use and (b) demographic questions was administered to the participants during regularly held class meetings. A logistic regression analysis revealed that sensation seeking-risk taking, parental education level, smoking, and frequency of alcohol use predicted illicit drug experience. Implications of the findings and limitations of the study are discussed using the context of the study as a framework. PMID:21053764

Ayvasik, H Belgin; Sümer, H Canan

2010-12-01

226

Investigating the Predictive Role of Social Self-Efficacy on Authenticity in Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between social self-efficacy and authenticity. The Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale and the Authenticity Scale were administrated to a sample of 308 university students. The research data were analysed by correlation and linear regression analysis. Social self-efficacy is positively related to authentic living, and is negatively related to accepting external influence, and self-alienating. The linear regression analysis showed that social self-efficacy was a significant predictor of authenticity. The significance and limitations of the results are discussed.

Seydi Ahmet Satici

2013-08-01

227

Examining Demographic Factors Related to Cigarette Smoking among Undergraduate Students at a Turkish University  

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Full Text Available Cigarette smoking is the leading global preventable health risk, and it is associated with well-known health risks such as morbidity, mortality, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and nicotine addiction. When analyzed by age group, cigarette smoking in Turkey is the most prevalent among younger adult populations. The college years appear to be a time of increased risk for smoking initiation and movement into regular patterns of use, although college smokers are more likely to be non-daily smokers, meaning that they smoke more in social situations. This paper aims to identify the demographic factors related to cigarette smoking of undergraduate students in Erzurum, Atatürk University; to interpret these factors, and to assist in informing alternatives for taking more effective action than the typical cessation campaigns. Using logistic regression analysis with cross-sectional data obtained using the questionnaire; the factors affecting cigarette smoking in this context were identified. The demographic factors of sex, geographical region, parents’ residence, father’s profession, the number of individuals in the family, professional status, and general satisfaction were found to be statistically significant at the 0.05 significance level; while faculty and present residence were statistically significant at the 0.10 significance level. The analysis therefore shows that the demographic factors listed above influence the cigarette smoking habits of undergraduate students in Atatürk University.

Erkan Oktay

2013-03-01

228

Turkish University Students’ Perceptions of the World Wide Web as a Learning Tool: An Investigation Based on Gender, Socio-Economic Background, and Web Experience  

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Full Text Available The main purpose of the study is to investigate Turkish undergraduate students’ perceptions of the Web as a learning tool and to analyze whether their perceptions differ significantly based on gender, socio-economic background, and Web experience. Data obtained from 722 undergraduate students (331 males and 391 females were used in the analyses. The findings indicated significant differences based on gender, socio-economic background, and Web experience. The students from higher socio-economic backgrounds indicated significantly higher attitude scores on the self-efficacy subscale of the Web attitude scale. Similarly, the male students indicated significantly higher scores on the self-efficacy subscale than the females. Also, the students with higher Web experience in terms of usage frequency indicated higher scores on all subscales (i.e., self-efficacy, affective, usefulness, Web-based learning. Moreover, the two-way ANOVA results indicated that the student’s PC ownership has significant main effects on their Web attitudes and on the usefulness, self-efficacy, and affective subscales.

Erkan Tekinarslan

2009-04-01

229

English and Turkish Pupils' Understanding of Decomposition  

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This study aimed to describe seventh grade English and Turkish students' levels of understanding of decomposition. Data were analyzed descriptively from the students' written responses to four diagnostic questions about decomposition. Results revealed that the English students had considerably higher sound understanding and lower no understanding…

Cetin, Gulcan

2007-01-01

230

Türkçe Dersinde “Tablet Pc Pilot Uygulamas?”Yla Ö?retim Gören Ö?rencilerin Tutumlar?n? Belirlemeye Yönelik Ölçek Çal??mas?
A Scale Study that Determines the Attitudes of the Students Who Study by "Pilot Application Of Tablet Pc” in Turkish Lesson
 

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In this study, it has been aimed to develop a valid and reliableattitude scale to determine first grade Primary school students'attitudes towards the use of tablet book in Turkish Language Teachingcourse . The scale was created by scanning field method on the basisof the expert opinions 20 items as a 5-point Likert-type which isdetermining the attitudes of the students towards the use of technologyproduct ( tablet pc ) in Turkish lesson take place in the draft scale. Thedraft scale applied on...

Balci, Su?leyman

2013-01-01

231

Association of parents' nutritional status, and sociodemographic and dietary factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old Associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas e dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7 a 14 anos  

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Full Text Available To assess the association of parents' nutritional status, and dietary and sociodemographic factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren in Florianópolis Island, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, this cross-sectional epidemiological study examined 2,826 schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old, classified according to body mass index curves for age and sex recommended by the International Obesity Task Force. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression. The final model showed overweight/obesity in boys associated directly with father's educational level, mother's age, and parents' nutritional status, and inversely with mother's educational level, and number of daily meals. Among girls, it associated directly with parents' nutritional status and the schoolchildren's age, and inversely with consumption of risk foods. The variables that associated with overweight/obesity differed between the sexes, except parents' nutritional status. Boys and girls with both parents overweight or obese were, respectively, 80% and 150% more likely to exhibit the same diagnosis, indicating the need for interventions that include the family environment.O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas, dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7-14 anos de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Estudo transversal com 2.826 escolares, classificados com base nas curvas de índice de massa corporal para idade e sexo segundo a International Obesity Task Force. Para as análises utilizou-se a Regressão de Poisson. No modelo final, mostraram associação direta ao sobrepeso/obesidade em meninos: escolaridade do pai, idade da mãe e estado nutricional dos pais; e inversa: escolaridade da mãe e número de refeições diárias. Entre as meninas houve associação direta com estado nutricional dos pais, e inversa com idade do escolar e consumo de alimentos de risco. As variáveis associadas ao sobrepeso/obesidade diferiram entre os sexos, com exceção do estado nutricional dos pais. Filhos e filhas de ambos os pais com sobrepeso/obesidade têm risco cerca de, respectivamente, 80% e 150% maior de apresentar o mesmo diagnóstico, indicando a necessidade de intervenções também no ambiente familiar.

Carla de Oliveira Bernardo

2012-02-01

232

Association of parents' nutritional status, and sociodemographic and dietary factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old / Associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas e dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7 a 14 anos  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas, dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7-14 anos de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Estudo transversal com 2.826 escolares, classificados com base nas curvas de índice [...] de massa corporal para idade e sexo segundo a International Obesity Task Force. Para as análises utilizou-se a Regressão de Poisson. No modelo final, mostraram associação direta ao sobrepeso/obesidade em meninos: escolaridade do pai, idade da mãe e estado nutricional dos pais; e inversa: escolaridade da mãe e número de refeições diárias. Entre as meninas houve associação direta com estado nutricional dos pais, e inversa com idade do escolar e consumo de alimentos de risco. As variáveis associadas ao sobrepeso/obesidade diferiram entre os sexos, com exceção do estado nutricional dos pais. Filhos e filhas de ambos os pais com sobrepeso/obesidade têm risco cerca de, respectivamente, 80% e 150% maior de apresentar o mesmo diagnóstico, indicando a necessidade de intervenções também no ambiente familiar. Abstract in english To assess the association of parents' nutritional status, and dietary and sociodemographic factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren in Florianópolis Island, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, this cross-sectional epidemiological study examined 2,826 schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old, classified a [...] ccording to body mass index curves for age and sex recommended by the International Obesity Task Force. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression. The final model showed overweight/obesity in boys associated directly with father's educational level, mother's age, and parents' nutritional status, and inversely with mother's educational level, and number of daily meals. Among girls, it associated directly with parents' nutritional status and the schoolchildren's age, and inversely with consumption of risk foods. The variables that associated with overweight/obesity differed between the sexes, except parents' nutritional status. Boys and girls with both parents overweight or obese were, respectively, 80% and 150% more likely to exhibit the same diagnosis, indicating the need for interventions that include the family environment.

Carla de Oliveira, Bernardo; Francisco de Assis Guedes de, Vasconcelos.

233

Association of parents' nutritional status, and sociodemographic and dietary factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old / Associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas e dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7 a 14 anos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas, dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7-14 anos de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Estudo transversal com 2.826 escolares, classificados com base nas curvas de índice [...] de massa corporal para idade e sexo segundo a International Obesity Task Force. Para as análises utilizou-se a Regressão de Poisson. No modelo final, mostraram associação direta ao sobrepeso/obesidade em meninos: escolaridade do pai, idade da mãe e estado nutricional dos pais; e inversa: escolaridade da mãe e número de refeições diárias. Entre as meninas houve associação direta com estado nutricional dos pais, e inversa com idade do escolar e consumo de alimentos de risco. As variáveis associadas ao sobrepeso/obesidade diferiram entre os sexos, com exceção do estado nutricional dos pais. Filhos e filhas de ambos os pais com sobrepeso/obesidade têm risco cerca de, respectivamente, 80% e 150% maior de apresentar o mesmo diagnóstico, indicando a necessidade de intervenções também no ambiente familiar. Abstract in english To assess the association of parents' nutritional status, and dietary and sociodemographic factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren in Florianópolis Island, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, this cross-sectional epidemiological study examined 2,826 schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old, classified a [...] ccording to body mass index curves for age and sex recommended by the International Obesity Task Force. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression. The final model showed overweight/obesity in boys associated directly with father's educational level, mother's age, and parents' nutritional status, and inversely with mother's educational level, and number of daily meals. Among girls, it associated directly with parents' nutritional status and the schoolchildren's age, and inversely with consumption of risk foods. The variables that associated with overweight/obesity differed between the sexes, except parents' nutritional status. Boys and girls with both parents overweight or obese were, respectively, 80% and 150% more likely to exhibit the same diagnosis, indicating the need for interventions that include the family environment.

Carla de Oliveira, Bernardo; Francisco de Assis Guedes de, Vasconcelos.

234

Cross-cultural metric equivalence of somatization, depression, and anxiety scales across Turkish and U.S.A. university students  

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Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of the present study was to gain a better understanding of cross-cultural differences in somatization, depression, and anxiety. Method: The author compared the factor structure of depression, anxiety, and somatization across Turkey and the U.S.A., and investigated the metric invariance of the instruments used to measure these constructs. Data from 778 Turkish and U.S.A. participants were used for the analyses. Results: It was found that depression, somatization, and anxiety are three distinct but related constructs for both Turkish and U.S.A. participants. It was also found that the instruments, namely the Beck Depression Inventory-II, Trait subscale of the State Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Symptom Check List 90-R Somatization subscale, do not have metric invariance across the two cultures. These instruments do not measure the same construct across Turkey and the U.S.A. Conclusion: The results were consistent with the way depression, anxiety, and somatization are conceptualized in the DSM-IV as separate constructs, but contradicted Krueger et al.’s findings.

deniz canel cinarbas

2014-01-01

235

An Investigation of the Validity and Reliability of the Adapted Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale-Short Version (MARS-SV) among Turkish Students  

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This study adapted the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale-Short Version (MARS-SV) into Turkish and investigated the validity and reliability of the adapted instrument. Twenty-five bilingual experts agreed on the language validity, and 49 Turkish language experts agreed on the conformity and understandability of the scale's items. Thirty-two subject…

Baloglu, Mustafa

2010-01-01

236

Language Use of Turkish Speaking Communities in the United Kingdom (A Case Study According to the Views of Families, Teachers and Students  

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Full Text Available First Turkish existance in England is based on acquiring the English citizenship with the conservation of Cyprus in 1987 by England. First immigration of Turkish people was made by Turkish people as a result of pressure of Greeks in Cyprus started in 1940 and increased in 1974. The immigration from Turkey was started in 1970 because of educational, economic and politic reasons. Furthermore many Turkish people immigrated from Asia, Russia and East Europe. All of the can be called “The community speaking Turkish”.This people’s childrens are bilingual and it is questionable whether which language is their mother language. Normally as long as knowing mother language well being bilingual is advantageous. But the reaserces have shown that for Turkish bilingual children bilingulism is disadvantageous. Unconsious families, being careless on awareness of bilingulism are the reason for their low language levels in two languages. In this research it is concluded that English level of the children between 5 and 16 is higher and families try to preserve their children Turkish level but the teachers don’t consider that this levels are satisfactory. It is determined that families efforts are inconcious and Turkish schools and courses are not sufficent because of many reasons.

Alpaslan Okur

2014-08-01

237

Perspectives of Turkish Intern and Non-Intern Students towards Sport Management Internship within the Context of Field Experience  

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The purpose of this study was to examine differences between intern and non-intern students in terms of their perspectives on sport management internship within the context of field experience. The subjects of the study were a total of 189 students. They were 4th year students who completed their internship and 3rd year students who were yet to…

Coknaz, Dilsad

2014-01-01

238

Korelace mezi sportovní ?inností a užíváním návykových látek u 14letých žák? a žáky? základních škol ve Slovinsku Correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year-old primary school male and female pupils in Slovenia  

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Full Text Available Cílem tohoto pr?zkumu bylo zjistit, zda u 14letých žák? existuje korelace mezi sportovní aktivitou a užíváním návykových látek. Tento pr?zkum je založen na dotazníku s 38 prom?nnými, p?i?emž pravd?podobnostní vztahy mezi prom?nnými byly testovány pomocí chí-kvadrát testu. Analýza ukázala, že ve svém volném ?ase se sportu v?nuje 80 % chlapc? a 85 % dívek. Sportu se v?nují v?tšinou dvakrát až t?ikrát týdn?. V?tšina chlapc? se v?nuje sportu závodn? (39 %, zatímco dívky se v?nují p?edevším rekrea?ním pohybovým aktivitám (48 %. Pokud jde o kou?ení, ke ku?ák?m pat?í 4 % procenta chlapc? a 12 % dívek. V?tšina chlapc? za?ala kou?it ve v?ku 13 let, dívky ve v?ku 12 let. 90 % chlapc? a 94 % dívek již n?jaký alkoholický nápoj vyzkoušelo – jde tedy o v?tšinu žák? ve v?ku od 10 do 13 let. Pokud jde o užívání drog, vyzkoušelo je 18 % chlapc? a 26 % dívek. Nej?ast?jšími typy drog jsou inhalace, pilulky a marihuana. V?tšina žák? prohlásila, že kou?ení, pití alkoholu a užívání nelegálních návykových látek vyzkoušela ze zv?davosti. Rodi?e v?tšinou podporují d?ti v provozování sportu. V?tšina žák? se domnívá, že sport a kou?ení spolu nejde dohromady. Domnívají se, že sportovní aktivity jsou ?innosti, které by od užívání návykových látek mohly odrazovat. Zjistili jsme, že mezi sportovními aktivitami a užíváním legálních i nelegálních návykových látek není statisticky významná korelace. Statisticky významná korelace však byla zjišt?na u pití alkoholu v p?ípad? chlapc? (pivo a víno a inhalace látek v p?ípad? dívek. Rozdíly by z?ejm? mohly být výrazn?jší v pozd?jším v?ku – p?i p?echodu mezi základní a st?ední školou. Mladé lidi by bylo možno od užívání legálních i nelegálních návykových látek odradit nabídkou v?tšího množství aktivit, které by jim umož?ovaly trávit volný ?as p?im??en?jším a kvalitn?jším zp?sobem. The aim of this research was to establish whether there is a correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year old pupils. This research is based on a questionnaire of 38 variables and the probability relations among the variables have been tested by the chi-square. Analysis has shown that 80% of male and 85% of female pupils practice sport in their leisure time. On average, they practice sport 2 to 3 times a week. The majority of male pupils practice sport competitively (39%, while female pupils primarily practice not officially organized recreational sports (48%. As for smoking, 4% of the male and 12% of the female pupils smoke, the majority of the male pupils had their first cigarette at the age of 13, female pupils at the age of 12. Regarding alcohol use, 90% of the male and 94% of the female pupils had tried an alcohol beverage, which means a majority of pupils between ages 10 and 13. As far as drugs are concerned, 18% of the male and 26% of the female pupils tried drugs. The prevailing types of drug-taking are vapor inhaling, pills and marijuana. The majority of pupils sa

Jože Štihec

2006-02-01

239

Factores de riesgo para enfermedad respiratoria en población de 5 a 14 años de una Localidad de Bogotá, 2012-2013 / Respiratory disease risk factors in the 5-14 year-old population in an area of Bogota, 2012-2013  

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Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo Establecer la prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios, asma y rinitis, posiblemente asociados a la contaminación del aire en niños entre 5 y 14 años, en la localidad de Bosa, año 2012-2013. Métodos Se tomó una muestra de 553 niños residentes en la localidad de Bosa. Resultados Cuando el niño [...] habita con personas que fuman tiene 1,5 veces más de riesgo de toser en la noche respecto a los niños cuyos contactos no fuman. Los niños que habitan en viviendas con chimeneas a menos de 100 m de distancia tienen 1,6 veces la probabilidad de presentar el síntoma. Quienes asisten al colegio de mayor exposición y además tienen edificaciones en construcción o vías en mal estado a menos de 100 m de sus viviendas, presentan 2,5 veces la posibilidad de manifestar el evento. En cuanto a presentar sibilancias en el último año, los niños que tienen humedades en su habitación presentan 4 veces la probabilidad de manifestarlas. Hay un incremento del riesgo de sibilancias en un 80 % cuando el niño vive a menos de 100 m de edificaciones en construcción o vías sin pavimentar y además asiste al colegio de mayor exposición. Conclusiones Son tan importantes las intervenciones gubernamentales para la modificación de los factores de riesgo extramurales asociados a la enfermedad respiratoria como las mejoras que deben llevarse a cabo extramuralmente. Abstract in english Objective Establishing the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis, possibly associated with air pollution, in 5- to 14-year-old children in Bosa (a conurbation of Bogota), between 2012 and 2013. Methods A sample was taken of 553 children living in the conurbation. Results The result [...] s indicated that when a child lives with people who smoke there was a 1.5 times risk of coughing at night (compared to living in a non-smoking home) such night-time coughing being different to that produced by respiratory infections such as colds, bronchitis and pneumonia. Children living in homes having fireplaces/open cooking areas located less than 100 m apart had 1.6 times greater probability of presenting symptoms. Children attending schools having greater PM10 exposure and living near buildings being constructed or having roads in a poor state of repair less than 100 meters from their homes were 2.5 times more likely to suffer respiratory disease. Children living in damp rooms were 4 times more likely to have wheezed during the past year. The risk of wheezing became increased by 80 % when a child lived within 100 meters of buildings being constructed or near unpaved roads and attended a school having greater exposure. Conclusion Government intervention is critical for changing respiratory disease-associated extramural risk factors, such as improvements benefitting children which should be carried out in urban areas.

Natalia, Rodríguez-Moreno; Viviana, Martínez-Morales; Rodrigo, Sarmiento-Suarez; Katalina, Medina-Palacios; Luis J., Hernández.

2013-06-01

240

Factores de riesgo para enfermedad respiratoria en población de 5 a 14 años de una Localidad de Bogotá, 2012-2013 / Respiratory disease risk factors in the 5-14 year-old population in an area of Bogota, 2012-2013  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo Establecer la prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios, asma y rinitis, posiblemente asociados a la contaminación del aire en niños entre 5 y 14 años, en la localidad de Bosa, año 2012-2013. Métodos Se tomó una muestra de 553 niños residentes en la localidad de Bosa. Resultados Cuando el niño [...] habita con personas que fuman tiene 1,5 veces más de riesgo de toser en la noche respecto a los niños cuyos contactos no fuman. Los niños que habitan en viviendas con chimeneas a menos de 100 m de distancia tienen 1,6 veces la probabilidad de presentar el síntoma. Quienes asisten al colegio de mayor exposición y además tienen edificaciones en construcción o vías en mal estado a menos de 100 m de sus viviendas, presentan 2,5 veces la posibilidad de manifestar el evento. En cuanto a presentar sibilancias en el último año, los niños que tienen humedades en su habitación presentan 4 veces la probabilidad de manifestarlas. Hay un incremento del riesgo de sibilancias en un 80 % cuando el niño vive a menos de 100 m de edificaciones en construcción o vías sin pavimentar y además asiste al colegio de mayor exposición. Conclusiones Son tan importantes las intervenciones gubernamentales para la modificación de los factores de riesgo extramurales asociados a la enfermedad respiratoria como las mejoras que deben llevarse a cabo extramuralmente. Abstract in english Objective Establishing the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis, possibly associated with air pollution, in 5- to 14-year-old children in Bosa (a conurbation of Bogota), between 2012 and 2013. Methods A sample was taken of 553 children living in the conurbation. Results The result [...] s indicated that when a child lives with people who smoke there was a 1.5 times risk of coughing at night (compared to living in a non-smoking home) such night-time coughing being different to that produced by respiratory infections such as colds, bronchitis and pneumonia. Children living in homes having fireplaces/open cooking areas located less than 100 m apart had 1.6 times greater probability of presenting symptoms. Children attending schools having greater PM10 exposure and living near buildings being constructed or having roads in a poor state of repair less than 100 meters from their homes were 2.5 times more likely to suffer respiratory disease. Children living in damp rooms were 4 times more likely to have wheezed during the past year. The risk of wheezing became increased by 80 % when a child lived within 100 meters of buildings being constructed or near unpaved roads and attended a school having greater exposure. Conclusion Government intervention is critical for changing respiratory disease-associated extramural risk factors, such as improvements benefitting children which should be carried out in urban areas.

Natalia, Rodríguez-Moreno; Viviana, Martínez-Morales; Rodrigo, Sarmiento-Suarez; Katalina, Medina-Palacios; Luis J., Hernández.

2013-05-01

 
 
 
 
241

Tabelas de referências das qualidades físicas básicas de meninos de 9 a 14 anos Tablas de referencia de capacidades físicas básicas en niños de 9 a 14 años Basic physical attribute reference (anthropometric tables for 9 to 14 year-old children  

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Full Text Available Objetivo Desenvolver tabelas de referência da antropometria e qualidades físicas coordenação, força explosiva de membros inferiores e velocidade de deslocamento de meninos entre 9 e 14 anos. Método Foram avaliados 536 indivíduos em antropometria (peso e estatura, protocolos de velocidade (30 metros, coordenação (Burpee e Força Explosiva (sargent jump test. A metodologia foi descritiva por survey normativo, as tabelas sendo classificadas a partir das médias obtidas e seus desvios padrão. Para valores acima da média em um desvio-padrão (Acima da média em dois desvios-padrão (Excelente e valores abaixo da média em um desvio padrão (Abaixo da média em dois desvios padrão (Muito abaixo da média, tendo como parâmetro a idade cronológica. Resultados Nas idades 09 e 11 anos, existe uma progressão dos valores no estudo, pois alcançando 12 e 13 anos, observa-se que a estatura e velocidade deixam de evoluir como anteriormente, com o grupo de 12 anos apresentando melhores resultados nessas variáveis do que 13 anos. A força explosiva de membros inferiores progrediu com a estatura exceto na idade 13 anos, onde os resultados foram menores do que aos 12 anos. A Coordenação Motora, diferenciou-se nas idades 9 e 10 anos onde apresentaram o mesmo comportamento. Aos 14 anos, a diferença em relação às idades 11,12 e 13 anos, recaem na faixa excelente da tabela, pois alcançam o escore de 08 repetições no teste. Conclusão As tabelas de referência demonstram aplicabilidade facilitando a comparação dos parâmetros do estudo para jovens brasileiros.Objetivo Desarrollar tablas de referencia de antropometría y capacidades físicas de coordinación, fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores y velocidad de movimiento de los niños entre 9 y 14 años. Método Se evaluaron 536 individuos en antropometría (peso y talla, protocolos de velocidad (30 metros, coordinación (Burpee y concentración (prueba de salto Sargent. La metodología fue descrita por las normas de la encuesta, las tablas que se ordenan a partir de los promedios y sus desviaciones estándar. Para valores superiores al promedio de desviación estándar (encima de la media en dos desviaciones estándar (Excelente y los valores por debajo de la desviación estándar promedio (debajo de la media en dos desviaciones estándar (muy por debajo del promedio, con el parámetro de la edad cronológica. Resultados En la edad de 9 a 11 años hay una progresión en los valores en el estudio mientras que en las edades de 12 y 13 años se observa que la altura y la velocidad no progresan como antes, pero el grupo de 12 años presenta mejores resultados en estas variables que el de 13 años. La fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores progresó con la altura hasta la edad de 13 años, excepto en los menores de 12 años de edad. La coordinación motora presentó el mismo comportamiento en las edades de 9 y 10 años y difirió de las de 14 años y las de 11, 12 y 13 años que entran en la clasificación considerada excelente de la tabla, ya que la puntuación llega a 08 repeticiones de la prueba. Conclusión Las tablas de referencia se aplican para facilitar la comparación de los parámetros del estudio para los jóvenes brasileños.Objective Developing anthropometric reference tables and physical qualities regarding coordination, lower limb explosive power and speed of movement for 9 to 14 year-old children. Method Anthropometric factors (weight and height, speed protocols (30 meters, coordination (Burpee and strength (Sargent jump test were assessed in 536 individuals. Descriptive methodology was used for survey standards, tables being sorted by their averages and standard deviations, values above average standard deviation (above the mean by two standard deviations (excellent and those below average standard deviation (below the mean by two standard deviations (very much below average regarding chronological age. Results Study values progressed up to age 9 to 11, whilst height and speed no longer evolved as before at age 12 an

Mauro Moraes-Macêdo

2011-08-01

242

Tabelas de referências das qualidades físicas básicas de meninos de 9 a 14 anos / Basic physical attribute reference (anthropometric) tables for 9 to 14 year-old children / Tablas de referencia de capacidades físicas básicas en niños de 9 a 14 años  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivo Desenvolver tabelas de referência da antropometria e qualidades físicas coordenação, força explosiva de membros inferiores e velocidade de deslocamento de meninos entre 9 e 14 anos. Método Foram avaliados 536 indivíduos em antropometria (peso e estatura), protocolos de velocidade (30 metros [...] ), coordenação (Burpee) e Força Explosiva (sargent jump test). A metodologia foi descritiva por survey normativo, as tabelas sendo classificadas a partir das médias obtidas e seus desvios padrão. Para valores acima da média em um desvio-padrão (Acima da média) em dois desvios-padrão (Excelente) e valores abaixo da média em um desvio padrão (Abaixo da média) em dois desvios padrão (Muito abaixo da média), tendo como parâmetro a idade cronológica. Resultados Nas idades 09 e 11 anos, existe uma progressão dos valores no estudo, pois alcançando 12 e 13 anos, observa-se que a estatura e velocidade deixam de evoluir como anteriormente, com o grupo de 12 anos apresentando melhores resultados nessas variáveis do que 13 anos. A força explosiva de membros inferiores progrediu com a estatura exceto na idade 13 anos, onde os resultados foram menores do que aos 12 anos. A Coordenação Motora, diferenciou-se nas idades 9 e 10 anos onde apresentaram o mesmo comportamento. Aos 14 anos, a diferença em relação às idades 11,12 e 13 anos, recaem na faixa excelente da tabela, pois alcançam o escore de 08 repetições no teste. Conclusão As tabelas de referência demonstram aplicabilidade facilitando a comparação dos parâmetros do estudo para jovens brasileiros. Abstract in spanish Objetivo Desarrollar tablas de referencia de antropometría y capacidades físicas de coordinación, fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores y velocidad de movimiento de los niños entre 9 y 14 años. Método Se evaluaron 536 individuos en antropometría (peso y talla), protocolos de velocidad (30 [...] metros), coordinación (Burpee) y concentración (prueba de salto Sargent). La metodología fue descrita por las normas de la encuesta, las tablas que se ordenan a partir de los promedios y sus desviaciones estándar. Para valores superiores al promedio de desviación estándar (encima de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (Excelente) y los valores por debajo de la desviación estándar promedio (debajo de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (muy por debajo del promedio), con el parámetro de la edad cronológica. Resultados En la edad de 9 a 11 años hay una progresión en los valores en el estudio mientras que en las edades de 12 y 13 años se observa que la altura y la velocidad no progresan como antes, pero el grupo de 12 años presenta mejores resultados en estas variables que el de 13 años. La fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores progresó con la altura hasta la edad de 13 años, excepto en los menores de 12 años de edad. La coordinación motora presentó el mismo comportamiento en las edades de 9 y 10 años y difirió de las de 14 años y las de 11, 12 y 13 años que entran en la clasificación considerada excelente de la tabla, ya que la puntuación llega a 08 repeticiones de la prueba. Conclusión Las tablas de referencia se aplican para facilitar la comparación de los parámetros del estudio para los jóvenes brasileños. Abstract in english Objective Developing anthropometric reference tables and physical qualities regarding coordination, lower limb explosive power and speed of movement for 9 to 14 year-old children. Method Anthropometric factors (weight and height), speed protocols (30 meters), coordination (Burpee) and strength (Sarg [...] ent jump test) were assessed in 536 individuals. Descriptive methodology was used for survey standards, tables being sorted by their averages and standard deviations, values above average standard deviation (above the mean) by two standard deviations (excellent) and those below average standard deviation (below the mean) by two standard deviations (very much below avera

Mauro, Moraes-Macêdo; Paula, Roquetti-Fernandes; José, Fernandes-Filho.

2011-08-01

243

Tabelas de referências das qualidades físicas básicas de meninos de 9 a 14 anos / Basic physical attribute reference (anthropometric) tables for 9 to 14 year-old children / Tablas de referencia de capacidades físicas básicas en niños de 9 a 14 años  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivo Desenvolver tabelas de referência da antropometria e qualidades físicas coordenação, força explosiva de membros inferiores e velocidade de deslocamento de meninos entre 9 e 14 anos. Método Foram avaliados 536 indivíduos em antropometria (peso e estatura), protocolos de velocidade (30 metros [...] ), coordenação (Burpee) e Força Explosiva (sargent jump test). A metodologia foi descritiva por survey normativo, as tabelas sendo classificadas a partir das médias obtidas e seus desvios padrão. Para valores acima da média em um desvio-padrão (Acima da média) em dois desvios-padrão (Excelente) e valores abaixo da média em um desvio padrão (Abaixo da média) em dois desvios padrão (Muito abaixo da média), tendo como parâmetro a idade cronológica. Resultados Nas idades 09 e 11 anos, existe uma progressão dos valores no estudo, pois alcançando 12 e 13 anos, observa-se que a estatura e velocidade deixam de evoluir como anteriormente, com o grupo de 12 anos apresentando melhores resultados nessas variáveis do que 13 anos. A força explosiva de membros inferiores progrediu com a estatura exceto na idade 13 anos, onde os resultados foram menores do que aos 12 anos. A Coordenação Motora, diferenciou-se nas idades 9 e 10 anos onde apresentaram o mesmo comportamento. Aos 14 anos, a diferença em relação às idades 11,12 e 13 anos, recaem na faixa excelente da tabela, pois alcançam o escore de 08 repetições no teste. Conclusão As tabelas de referência demonstram aplicabilidade facilitando a comparação dos parâmetros do estudo para jovens brasileiros. Abstract in spanish Objetivo Desarrollar tablas de referencia de antropometría y capacidades físicas de coordinación, fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores y velocidad de movimiento de los niños entre 9 y 14 años. Método Se evaluaron 536 individuos en antropometría (peso y talla), protocolos de velocidad (30 [...] metros), coordinación (Burpee) y concentración (prueba de salto Sargent). La metodología fue descrita por las normas de la encuesta, las tablas que se ordenan a partir de los promedios y sus desviaciones estándar. Para valores superiores al promedio de desviación estándar (encima de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (Excelente) y los valores por debajo de la desviación estándar promedio (debajo de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (muy por debajo del promedio), con el parámetro de la edad cronológica. Resultados En la edad de 9 a 11 años hay una progresión en los valores en el estudio mientras que en las edades de 12 y 13 años se observa que la altura y la velocidad no progresan como antes, pero el grupo de 12 años presenta mejores resultados en estas variables que el de 13 años. La fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores progresó con la altura hasta la edad de 13 años, excepto en los menores de 12 años de edad. La coordinación motora presentó el mismo comportamiento en las edades de 9 y 10 años y difirió de las de 14 años y las de 11, 12 y 13 años que entran en la clasificación considerada excelente de la tabla, ya que la puntuación llega a 08 repeticiones de la prueba. Conclusión Las tablas de referencia se aplican para facilitar la comparación de los parámetros del estudio para los jóvenes brasileños. Abstract in english Objective Developing anthropometric reference tables and physical qualities regarding coordination, lower limb explosive power and speed of movement for 9 to 14 year-old children. Method Anthropometric factors (weight and height), speed protocols (30 meters), coordination (Burpee) and strength (Sarg [...] ent jump test) were assessed in 536 individuals. Descriptive methodology was used for survey standards, tables being sorted by their averages and standard deviations, values above average standard deviation (above the mean) by two standard deviations (excellent) and those below average standard deviation (below the mean) by two standard deviations (very much below

Mauro, Moraes-Macêdo; Paula, Roquetti-Fernandes; José, Fernandes-Filho.

2011-08-01

244

Tabelas de referências das qualidades físicas básicas de meninos de 9 a 14 anos / Basic physical attribute reference (anthropometric) tables for 9 to 14 year-old children / Tablas de referencia de capacidades físicas básicas en niños de 9 a 14 años  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivo Desenvolver tabelas de referência da antropometria e qualidades físicas coordenação, força explosiva de membros inferiores e velocidade de deslocamento de meninos entre 9 e 14 anos. Método Foram avaliados 536 indivíduos em antropometria (peso e estatura), protocolos de velocidade (30 metros [...] ), coordenação (Burpee) e Força Explosiva (sargent jump test). A metodologia foi descritiva por survey normativo, as tabelas sendo classificadas a partir das médias obtidas e seus desvios padrão. Para valores acima da média em um desvio-padrão (Acima da média) em dois desvios-padrão (Excelente) e valores abaixo da média em um desvio padrão (Abaixo da média) em dois desvios padrão (Muito abaixo da média), tendo como parâmetro a idade cronológica. Resultados Nas idades 09 e 11 anos, existe uma progressão dos valores no estudo, pois alcançando 12 e 13 anos, observa-se que a estatura e velocidade deixam de evoluir como anteriormente, com o grupo de 12 anos apresentando melhores resultados nessas variáveis do que 13 anos. A força explosiva de membros inferiores progrediu com a estatura exceto na idade 13 anos, onde os resultados foram menores do que aos 12 anos. A Coordenação Motora, diferenciou-se nas idades 9 e 10 anos onde apresentaram o mesmo comportamento. Aos 14 anos, a diferença em relação às idades 11,12 e 13 anos, recaem na faixa excelente da tabela, pois alcançam o escore de 08 repetições no teste. Conclusão As tabelas de referência demonstram aplicabilidade facilitando a comparação dos parâmetros do estudo para jovens brasileiros. Abstract in spanish Objetivo Desarrollar tablas de referencia de antropometría y capacidades físicas de coordinación, fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores y velocidad de movimiento de los niños entre 9 y 14 años. Método Se evaluaron 536 individuos en antropometría (peso y talla), protocolos de velocidad (30 [...] metros), coordinación (Burpee) y concentración (prueba de salto Sargent). La metodología fue descrita por las normas de la encuesta, las tablas que se ordenan a partir de los promedios y sus desviaciones estándar. Para valores superiores al promedio de desviación estándar (encima de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (Excelente) y los valores por debajo de la desviación estándar promedio (debajo de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (muy por debajo del promedio), con el parámetro de la edad cronológica. Resultados En la edad de 9 a 11 años hay una progresión en los valores en el estudio mientras que en las edades de 12 y 13 años se observa que la altura y la velocidad no progresan como antes, pero el grupo de 12 años presenta mejores resultados en estas variables que el de 13 años. La fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores progresó con la altura hasta la edad de 13 años, excepto en los menores de 12 años de edad. La coordinación motora presentó el mismo comportamiento en las edades de 9 y 10 años y difirió de las de 14 años y las de 11, 12 y 13 años que entran en la clasificación considerada excelente de la tabla, ya que la puntuación llega a 08 repeticiones de la prueba. Conclusión Las tablas de referencia se aplican para facilitar la comparación de los parámetros del estudio para los jóvenes brasileños. Abstract in english Objective Developing anthropometric reference tables and physical qualities regarding coordination, lower limb explosive power and speed of movement for 9 to 14 year-old children. Method Anthropometric factors (weight and height), speed protocols (30 meters), coordination (Burpee) and strength (Sarg [...] ent jump test) were assessed in 536 individuals. Descriptive methodology was used for survey standards, tables being sorted by their averages and standard deviations, values above average standard deviation (above the mean) by two standard deviations (excellent) and those below average standard deviation (below the mean) by two standard deviations (very much below avera

Mauro, Moraes-Macêdo; Paula, Roquetti-Fernandes; José, Fernandes-Filho.

245

Tabelas de referências das qualidades físicas básicas de meninos de 9 a 14 anos / Basic physical attribute reference (anthropometric) tables for 9 to 14 year-old children / Tablas de referencia de capacidades físicas básicas en niños de 9 a 14 años  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objetivo Desenvolver tabelas de referência da antropometria e qualidades físicas coordenação, força explosiva de membros inferiores e velocidade de deslocamento de meninos entre 9 e 14 anos. Método Foram avaliados 536 indivíduos em antropometria (peso e estatura), protocolos de velocidade (30 metros [...] ), coordenação (Burpee) e Força Explosiva (sargent jump test). A metodologia foi descritiva por survey normativo, as tabelas sendo classificadas a partir das médias obtidas e seus desvios padrão. Para valores acima da média em um desvio-padrão (Acima da média) em dois desvios-padrão (Excelente) e valores abaixo da média em um desvio padrão (Abaixo da média) em dois desvios padrão (Muito abaixo da média), tendo como parâmetro a idade cronológica. Resultados Nas idades 09 e 11 anos, existe uma progressão dos valores no estudo, pois alcançando 12 e 13 anos, observa-se que a estatura e velocidade deixam de evoluir como anteriormente, com o grupo de 12 anos apresentando melhores resultados nessas variáveis do que 13 anos. A força explosiva de membros inferiores progrediu com a estatura exceto na idade 13 anos, onde os resultados foram menores do que aos 12 anos. A Coordenação Motora, diferenciou-se nas idades 9 e 10 anos onde apresentaram o mesmo comportamento. Aos 14 anos, a diferença em relação às idades 11,12 e 13 anos, recaem na faixa excelente da tabela, pois alcançam o escore de 08 repetições no teste. Conclusão As tabelas de referência demonstram aplicabilidade facilitando a comparação dos parâmetros do estudo para jovens brasileiros. Abstract in spanish Objetivo Desarrollar tablas de referencia de antropometría y capacidades físicas de coordinación, fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores y velocidad de movimiento de los niños entre 9 y 14 años. Método Se evaluaron 536 individuos en antropometría (peso y talla), protocolos de velocidad (30 [...] metros), coordinación (Burpee) y concentración (prueba de salto Sargent). La metodología fue descrita por las normas de la encuesta, las tablas que se ordenan a partir de los promedios y sus desviaciones estándar. Para valores superiores al promedio de desviación estándar (encima de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (Excelente) y los valores por debajo de la desviación estándar promedio (debajo de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (muy por debajo del promedio), con el parámetro de la edad cronológica. Resultados En la edad de 9 a 11 años hay una progresión en los valores en el estudio mientras que en las edades de 12 y 13 años se observa que la altura y la velocidad no progresan como antes, pero el grupo de 12 años presenta mejores resultados en estas variables que el de 13 años. La fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores progresó con la altura hasta la edad de 13 años, excepto en los menores de 12 años de edad. La coordinación motora presentó el mismo comportamiento en las edades de 9 y 10 años y difirió de las de 14 años y las de 11, 12 y 13 años que entran en la clasificación considerada excelente de la tabla, ya que la puntuación llega a 08 repeticiones de la prueba. Conclusión Las tablas de referencia se aplican para facilitar la comparación de los parámetros del estudio para los jóvenes brasileños. Abstract in english Objective Developing anthropometric reference tables and physical qualities regarding coordination, lower limb explosive power and speed of movement for 9 to 14 year-old children. Method Anthropometric factors (weight and height), speed protocols (30 meters), coordination (Burpee) and strength (Sarg [...] ent jump test) were assessed in 536 individuals. Descriptive methodology was used for survey standards, tables being sorted by their averages and standard deviations, values above average standard deviation (above the mean) by two standard deviations (excellent) and those below average standard deviation (below the mean) by two standard deviations (very much below

Mauro, Moraes-Macêdo; Paula, Roquetti-Fernandes; José, Fernandes-Filho.

246

TURKISH MIND AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study sui generis characteristic of Turkish way of thinking in creative process was investigated under the topic of Turkish Mind. This study aim to provide first, a critical review of the rudiments on mind and innovation related to society. Later section will focus on the concept of entrepreneurship and its development that evaluated according to Turks. The paper ends with a discussion of the potentials of Turkish Mind in open innovation models.

Serkan GÜNE?

2010-12-01

247

Fifth-Grade Turkish Elementary School Students' Listening and Reading Comprehension Levels with Regard to Text Types  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to examine fifth grade elementary school students' listening and reading comprehension levels with regard to text types. This study was conducted on 180 fifth grade elementary school students in Sincan-Ankara in the spring semester of the academic year 2008-2009. The comprehension test was administered to students. The…

Yildirim, Kasim; Yildiz, Mustafa; Ates, Seyit; Rasinski, Timothy

2010-01-01

248

The Effects of the Cooperative Learning Method Supported by Multiple Intelligence Theory on Turkish Elementary Students' Mathematics Achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present experimental study, the effects of the cooperative learning method supported by multiple intelligence theory (CLMI) on elementary school fourth grade students' academic achievement and retention towards the mathematics course were investigated. The participants of the study were 150 students who were divided into two experimental…

Isik, Dilek; Tarim, Kamuran

2009-01-01

249

The Environmental Attitudes of Turkish Senior High School Students in the Context of Postmaterialism and the New Environmental Paradigm  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study explores the environmental attitudes (EA) of senior high school students in Turkey, explains which determinant factors affect these EAs, and concludes with some suggestions for curricular reform. This study includes over nine hundred students from different school types, neighbourhoods, geographical regions, and socioeconomic…

Taskin, Ozgur

2009-01-01

250

The Effects of Conflict Resolution Education on Conflict Resolution Skills, Social Competence, and Aggression in Turkish Elementary School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study was to implement "we can resolve our conflicts" training program to elementary school students and to assess the effectiveness of this school-based conflict resolution training program, designed to enhance students' conflict resolution skills and social competence and consequently decrease aggression. Three…

Akgun, Serap; Araz, Arzu

2014-01-01

251

Positive and Negative Affectivity as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Optimism and Life Satisfaction in Turkish University Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The main purpose of this study is to examine the mediator and moderator role of positive and negative affectivity variables on the relationship between optimism and life satisfaction in university students. 397 university students, ranging in age from 18 to 27 (M = 20.98), attending different departments of the Faculty of Education, at Pamukkale…

Kapikiran, Necla Acun

2012-01-01

252

What Do Turkish Students at Different Ages Know About Their Internal Body Parts Both Visually and Verbally?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study aimed to seek the students understanding of their internal bodies. It was carried out in the East Black Sea Region of Turkey in two junior high schools. All data were gathered from 55 grade 6 students (aged 12 and 57 grade 8 students (aged 14. The students were given an outline of body map and asked to draw which organs they have in their bodies. Once completed they to write the function of each organ. The drawings of the organs were analyzed according to their accurate characteristics such as presence, location, shape and function. The findings showed that the students of both grades had problems about the functions of the organs and other body structures.

Lale CERRAH ÖZSEVGEÇ

2007-09-01

253

Anxiety in Gifted Female Students in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

Science.gov (United States)

This study seeks to identify the extent of anxiety among gifted girls in Saudi Arabia and, further, to determine whether differences in anxiety levels exist according to grade. The study sample consisted of 66 female 6th and 7th graders, 11 to 14 years old, attending public school enrichment programs for gifted students in Jeddah Province, Saudi…

Aljughaiman, Abdullah; Tan, Mei

2009-01-01

254

The Effects of Conflict Resolution and Peer Mediation Training on Turkish Elementary School Students' Conflict Resolution Strategies  

Science.gov (United States)

The effectiveness of conflict resolution and peer mediation (CRPM) training among 10- and 11-year-old elementary school students was examined. The CRPM training program consisted of skills, such as understanding the nature of interpersonal conflicts, communication, anger management, negotiation and peer mediation. The research was carried out…

Turnuklu, Abbas; Kacmaz, Tarkan; Gurler, Selma; Turk, Fulya; Kalender, Alper; Zengin, Feza; Sevkin, Burcak

2010-01-01

255

The Most Important Concept of Transport and Circulatory Systems: Turkish Biology Student Teachers' Cognitive Structure  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to determine biology student teachers' cognitive structure with regard to "Blood". Qualitative research method has been used. The free word association test and the draw-write technique have been used in collection of data. The data obtained have been evaluated and divided into categories based on…

Kurt, Hakan; Ekici, Gulay; Aksu, Ozlem; Aktas, Murat

2013-01-01

256

The Analyze of Teachers’ Responsibility Beliefs for Student Academic Successes and Failures (The Sample of Turkish Biology Teachers  

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Full Text Available This study was prepared to analyze biology teachers’ responsibility beliefs for student academic successes and failures in terms of different variables. The data were collected with Teachers’ Responsibility for Student Achievement Scale, Teachers’ Sense of Self-efficacy Scale, The Scale of Attitudes toward Teaching Profession and open-ended interview questionnaire. For the data analysis, descriptive statistics, one-way variance analysis (ANOVA, independent groups t-test and Pearson Correlation Coefficient were used. On the other hand, the data collected through open-ended interviews were subject to content analysis. While teachers’ responsibility beliefs is not significant in terms gender, teachers’ sense of self-efficacy and teachers’ attitudes toward teaching profession, there is significant results in terms of length of service and student numbers in their classrooms. There are average, positive and significant relations between teachers’ responsibility beliefs for student success and years experience, size of classrooms, perception of self-efficacy in teaching profession and attitudes toward teaching profession.© 2013 IOJES. All rights reserved

Hakan Kurt

2013-08-01

257

Turkish Secondary School Students' Perceptions of Violence and Crime, and the Relationship between Their Perceptions and Demographics  

Science.gov (United States)

Violence in schools in Turkey shows an enormous increase in recent years. As it is becoming a serious problem in secondary schools, many violence cases are lasting in courts. In the current study, the aim is to examine and understand how secondary school students perceive violence and crime in schools. The study also aims to see if there is any…

Ozel, Ali; Bayindir, Nida; Inan, Hatice Zeynep; Ungan, Suat

2008-01-01

258

A Cross-Cultural Study of ICT Competency, Attitude and Satisfaction of Turkish, Polish and Czech University Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Due to various factors, countries begin to have different levels of information and communication technologies (ICT) and they have their own unique culture of ICT usage. This case appears interesting especially when we consider university students' proficiency, attitudes and satisfaction in use of ICT. The purpose of this study is to examine the…

Dincer, Serkan; Sahinkayasi, Yunis

2011-01-01

259

Fostering Critical Thinking about Citizenship Education in Particular Contexts: Notes from an Anglo-Turkish Student Teachers' Exchange Programme  

Science.gov (United States)

Student teachers and staff from three universities in Turkey and from Leicester University, England took part in an exchange programme in Turkey and Britain in 2008-2009. Funding for this from the European Union (EU) and Turkey was in part related to Turkey's application for EU membership and currently contested discourses about the nature of…

Busher, Hugh; Wilkins, Chris; Lawson, Tony

2012-01-01

260

Evaluation of the Turkish text types in Turkish course books in primary schools  

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Full Text Available The skill of and responsibility for using the mother language accurately starts in the first grade of the primary school. In this context, the textbooks of the Turkish language courses have important duties to fulfill. The texts in the coursebooks, thus, function as the means to demonstrate the students the richness, delicacy, and beauty of the mother tongue in order to provide an awareness and endearment of the language. Distinguished samples of the Turkish and world literature are operative in raising the students’ awareness of the rules of Turkish, as well as tranforming this awareness into behavior, and later into habits. As a result, it is important for the school textbooks to contain texts which are compatible with the objectives of the curriculum and which have high literary value. Are the texts which are keys for achieving the fundamental skills and program objectives stated in the curricula of the Turkish language courses in the primary schools (in grades 1-8 by the Turkish Ministry of Educationand which are mentioned in the coursebooks -distributed to the schools by the ministry- actually adequate for meeting these expectations? In order to evaluate the current situation and improve the quality of Turkish language teaching, the texts need to be analyzed, problems need to be identified and stated, and solutions need to be sought through careful examination and research.The present study reports on a descriptive analysis of the Turkish language textbooks (for grades 1-5; 6-8 distributed to the schools by the National Ministry of Education in 2007. The genre and the quality of the texts have been investigated. Data have been obtained through document analysis which is one of the qualitative research methods. A total of 237 (144+93 texts have been studied individually with respect to text type and their distribution. Findings have been reported in frequency tables in addition to samples from the texts, and a discussion of the findings have also been provided.

Emine Kolaç

2009-04-01

 
 
 
 
261

Distance Education in Turkish Higher Education  

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Full Text Available The term distance education is used to define education where educators and learners are physically separated. The first use of the distance education as a term goes back to 1924 in Turkey. Establishment of the Open Education Faculty of Anadolu University is the first initiative for the appearance of distance education in the Turkish Higher Education. Distance education is offered at different levels of higher education at present. Changes happening in technology and students characteristics in higher education over the years have made distance education delivered over the internet popular. Systems used to offer education over the internet are called Learning Management Systems. Commercial and non-commercial Learning Management Systems are available and used in different level of higher education to offer distance education. Programs and Learning Management Systems preferred to offer distance education over the internet in Turkish Higher Education are investigated in this study. Results of the study indicated that Management and Computer Technology programs are dominantly preferred in various level of the Turkish Higher Education. It was also found that commercially and open source freely available Learning Management Systems are also used to offer distance education in the Turkish Higher Education. It seems that distance education programs in higher education will continue to grow to respond to the changing needs of students.

Ömür AKDEM?R

2011-01-01

262

Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study  

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This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students were…

Yilmaz, Harun

2011-01-01

263

Educational Vouchers and Social Cohesion: A Statistical Analysis of Student Civic Attitudes in Sweden, 1999-2009  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the Swedish national educational voucher scheme and changes in social cohesion. We conduct a statistical analysis using data from the 1999 and 2009 rounds of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement's civic education study of 14-year-old students and their attitudes toward the rights of…

Shafiq, M. Najeeb; Myers, John P.

2014-01-01

264

Student Engagement and Library Use: An Examination of Attitudes Towards Use of Libraries and Information Amongst Undergraduate Students at a Turkish University Library  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The competitive environment in which university libraries operate and provide their services and resources is one of the biggest challenges to engage today’s undergraduate students. There is a limited amount of high quality attention and time students have, to be able to be engaged with what the library offers them. Planning and designing library awareness and information literacy programs, particularly for new students, has presented itself as an on-going challenge for librarians worldwide...

Cribb, Gulcin; Holt, I?lkay

2012-01-01

265

Evaluation of psychometric properties of the internet addiction scale in a sample of Turkish high school students.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Internet Addiction Scale (IAS) is a self-report instrument based on the seven substance dependence criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., American Psychiatric Association, 1994) and two additional criteria recommended by Griffiths. The IAS was administered to 300 high school students along with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Submissive Acts Scale (SAS). For test-retest reliability, the IAS was administered a second time 7 days after the first administration. An interitem reliability reduced the initial scale from 31 to 27 items (with Cronbach's alpha of 0.94). The factor analysis suggests the existence mainly of one factor in the IAS. Correlation analyses indicated that BDI and SAS were significantly correlated positively with the IAS. One-week test-retest correlation for the IAS was highly significant. According to these results, the psychometric properties of the IAS are promising. PMID:20557252

Canan, Fatih; Ataoglu, Ahmet; Nichols, Laura A; Yildirim, Tuba; Ozturk, Onder

2010-06-01

266

The Impact of the Explicit Reflective Approach in Teaching the Nature of Science upon Turkish Students' Perceptions of Science  

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Full Text Available How to teach science and how to train scientists are among frequently debated issues today. In this respect, many science teaching curricula have been developed and implemented in Turkey. It is observed that activities aimed at teaching the nature of science are included in curricula. In this study, the effectiveness of the explicit reflective approach, which is one of the methods employed in teaching the nature of science. The study was carried out in an elementary school selected from the city of K?r?kkale. The semi-experimental design was used in the research. As the data collection instrument, the “Views of Nature of Science Questionnaire” (VNOS-E developed by Lederman et al. (2002 was employed in the study. The findings obtained were analyzed using the content analysis method, which is among qualitative data analysis techniques. In conclusion, it was observed that the explicit reflective approach had positive effects in improving students’ views of nature of science.

Murat DEM?RBAS

2012-08-01

267

Distance Education in Turkish Higher Education  

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The term distance education is used to define education where educators and learners are physically separated. The first use of the distance education as a term goes back to 1924 in Turkey. Establishment of the Open Education Faculty of Anadolu University is the first initiative for the appearance of distance education in the Turkish Higher Education. Distance education is offered at different levels of higher education at present. Changes happening in technology and students characteristics ...

Akdemi?r, O?mu?r

2011-01-01

268

Gender Differences in Attachment Styles regarding Conflict Handling Behaviors among Turkish Late Adolescents  

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This study was designed to examine gender differences in attachment styles and explore the relationship between attachment styles and preference for conflict handling behavior in close relationships among Turkish adolescents. The participants comprised 371 Turkish undergraduate students (252 females and 119 males; with a mean age of 21.98 years;…

Karairmak, Ozlem; Duran, Nagihan Oguz

2008-01-01

269

Perceptions of Preservice Teachers regarding the Integration of Information and Communication Technologies in Turkish Education Faculties  

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This study explored the views of pre-service teachers regarding the indicators of information and communication technologies (ICT) at Turkish education faculties. A cross-sectional survey design was implemented with graduating students enrolled in Turkish education faculties. A combination of stratified random sampling and systematic sampling was…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Odabasi, H. Ferhan; Kuzu, Abdullah

2011-01-01

270

The Turkish power elite  

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Full Text Available This study aims to analyse, the general power structure of Turkish society, and specifically the Turkish power elite. Also, the relationships within and between the elite groups, and the distribution of power will be examined. This paper will also try to understand and explain the distribution of power in Turkish society: How far is power (effective power diffused in society or how far it is centralised and concentrated in the hands of elite groups? In accordance with the pluralists views one could argue that, power has been diffused and fragmented among many people or elite groups which together participate in the decision-making process in contemporary Turkish society. Nevertheless, decisive and effective power (parallel with the main thesis of the elitist view has been concentrated and centralised in the hands of the small number of elite groups which are the most powerful in the national power structure. They are predominant over other groups and these dominant groups know what others do not know and can do what others cannot do.

Ali Arslan

2006-08-01

271

Testing the Validity of the Emotional and Personality-Related Career Decision-Making Difficulties Questionnaire in Turkish Culture  

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The goal of this study was to examine the emotional and personality-related career decision-making difficulties of high school students in Turkish culture, using the model proposed by Saka and Gati. A sample of 523 high school students filled out the Turkish version of the Emotional and Personality-Related Aspects of Career Decision-Making…

Oztemel, Kemal

2013-01-01

272

Conceptualizing Forgiveness, Granting Forgiveness, and Seeking Forgiveness: A Turkish-French Comparison  

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Full Text Available The study examined the validity of the Turkish versions of three forgiveness-related questionnaires: the Conceptualizations of Forgiveness Questionnaire, the Forgivingness Questionnaire, and the Disposition to Seek Forgiveness Questionnaire. These questionnaires were translated from English to Turkish. The study also compared Turkish and French participants’ scores on these scales. The sample comprised 252 students living in Turkey and 216 students living in France. The four-factor model of conceptualization of forgiveness, the three-factor model of forgivingness, and the three-factor model of disposition to seek forgiveness were shown to hold in a Turkish sample of students. The associations observed in previous studies between several subscales of these questionnaires were also found in the Turkish sample, thus providing additional evidence of the construct validity of the Turkish versions. Finally, it was shown that (a the unconditional forgiveness and unconditional seeking of forgiveness mean scores were lower among the Turkish participants than among the French participants, and (b the sensitivity to circumstances scores were higher among the Turkish participants than among the French participants.

Asli Bugay

2013-10-01

273

The Situation of Turkish Textbooks of Elementary School 8th Grades in Acquiring A Common Vocabulary  

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Full Text Available Vocabulary is one of the essential characteristics in preparing textbooks. Turkish textbooks should be prepared by examining carefully according to some vocabulary criteria. Turkish textbooks should be in a harmony with the levels of students in respect for total and different word counts, words used in text should be appropriate for students’ levels too.During education, textbooks are primary sources in letting students acquire vocabulary. So, preparing textbooks require a planning in respect for vocabulary. During primary school education, giving students a common vocabulary is an ultimately important issue. Having students common vocabulary contributes to social compromiseand increasing the quality of communication between people. Therefore, it is required that Turkish textbooks which were prepared by different publishing should have a high qualified common point.In this study, the quantity of 8th graders’ Turkish textbooks vocabulary from different publishing and the appropriateness of textbooks common vocabulary for second stage of primary School graders’ vocabulary have been evaluated.

Mehmet KURUDAYIO?LU

2006-12-01

274

Improvements in Behavioral Symptoms following Antibiotic Therapy in a 14-Year-Old Male with Autism  

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This case report describes the benefits of antibiotic and antifungal therapy on behavior in a child with autism undergoing treatment for encopresis. Over the course of treatment, the child exhibited a reduction in aberrant behaviors, increased gastrointestinal function, and improved quality of life.

Lucas Ramirez, P.; Kelly Barnhill; Alan Gutierrez; Claire Schutte; Laura Hewitson

2013-01-01

275

The dynamics of the high-speed abilities of young players 12, 13, 14 years old  

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Full Text Available Purpose: to determine the dynamics of the high-speed abilities of young players. Materials and Methods: the change in performance of speed players at women's 30 meters run, using both specific and non-specific methods. In the training process of players 12–14 years to use specific tools, as well as holding athletic activities for the development of speed. The literature analyzed for the development of young players quickness, educational testing, methods of mathematical statistics. Results: the dynamics of development of physical skill of speed for young players using specific and non-specific methods. Conclusions: the use of the training process in microcycle preparatory period of athletics orientation training gives a positive result in the development of the physical speed quality.

Vladimir Perevoznyk

2014-08-01

276

[Food consumption patterns of children 4 to 14 years old in Valencia, Venezuela].  

Science.gov (United States)

Results from a nutritional assessment are presented to establish the usual food consumption pattern of 438 children between 4-14 years of age, from a low income urban community in Valencia, Venezuela. Food intake data were collected through multiple 24 hours recalls and converted to individual food item weight in grams. Amounts of energy, macronutrients, iron, calcium, vitamin A, and vitamin C were estimated to compare them to national references. The food pattern was established according to intake frequency per food item and per food groups. Arepa was the most commonly consumed food item, and a main source of kilocalories, protein, carbohydrates, iron, and vitamin A. Unlike coffee, fruits were not among the most commonly consumed foods. Black beans were the main source of protein. Cookies and sodas were among the major sources of energy. Energy and nutrient intake were adequate, except for calcium (67% in preschoolers y 43% in school-aged children). Preschoolers' diet showed a better adequacy for all nutrients (p < 0.005), except for iron which was significantly higher in school-aged children. Since children below 15 years old are still forming food behaviors and habits, they are an ideal group to develop nutritional education strategies to modify harmful patterns such as high intake of sodas, and low intakes of calcium rich foods. PMID:16454054

del Real, Sara Irene; Fajardo, Zuleida; Solano, Liseti; Concepción Páez, María; Sánchez, Armando

2005-09-01

277

The beneficial effects of breastfeeding on microvascular function in 11- to 14-year-old children.  

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Infant feeding practices have an impact on health in later life, although the evidence for its effects on cardiovascular health is not so clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between breastfeeding in infancy and vascular function in later childhood. Infant feeding data, together with demographic and clinical information, were obtained prospectively from a cohort of children from birth until 2 years of age. Vascular function was assessed in 159 children, now aged 11-14 years, by measuring their skin microvascular responses to iontophoretic administration of the endothelium-dependent vasodilator acetylcholine. Endothelial function was significantly better in children who had been breastfed than in those who had received infant milk formula (p = 0.001), after adjustment for potential confounding factors. Linear regression showed that acetylcholine responses were significantly related to the duration of breastfeeding (r = 0.30, p = 0.006). The risk of later cardiovascular disease may be reduced by exclusively breastfeeding during infancy. These findings have potential public health implications, and support policies aimed at promoting breastfeeding. PMID:19366820

Khan, Faisel; Green, Fiona C; Forsyth, J Stewart; Greene, Stephen A; Newton, David J; Belch, Jill J F

2009-05-01

278

Size and maturity mismatch in youth soccer players 11- to 14-years-old.  

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The purpose of the study was to compare the anthropometric, functional and sport-specific skill characteristics and goal orientations of male youth soccer players at the extremes of height and skeletal maturity in two competitive age groups, 11-12 and 13-14 years. The shortest and tallest players, and least and most skeletally mature players (n = 8 per group) within each age group were compared on chronological age; skeletal age (Fels method); pubertal status (pubic hair); size, proportions and adiposity; four functional capacities; four soccer-specific skills; and task and ego orientation. The tallest players were older chronologically, advanced in maturity (skeletal, pubertal) and heavier, and had relatively longer legs than the shortest players in each age group. At 11-12 years, the most mature players were chronologically younger but advanced in pubertal status, taller and heavier with more adiposity. At 13-14 years, the most mature players were taller, heavier and advanced in pubertal status but did not differ in chronological age compared with the least mature players. Players at the extremes of height and skeletal maturity differed in speed and power (tallest > shortest; most mature > least mature), but did not differ consistently in aerobic endurance and in soccer-specific skills. Results suggested that size and strength discrepancies among youth players were not a major advantage or disadvantage to performance. By inference, coaches and sport administrators may need to provide opportunities for or perhaps protect smaller, skilled players during the adolescent years. PMID:21242608

Figueiredo, António J; Coelho E Silva, Manuel J; Cumming, Sean P; Malina, Robert M

2010-11-01

279

THE FIRST BOSNIAN-TURKISH/TURKISH BOSNIAN LEXICOGRAPHIC WORK  

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Full Text Available In this work, the authoress interprets the frst Bosnian-Turkish/Turkish-Bosnian dictionary Maqbul-i ‘Arif, or better known as Potur Shahidi written by Muhammed Hevai Uskuf, a Bosnian Muslim, born in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in 1631 (Hevaji, 1724.

Edina Ustavdi?

2011-12-01

280

An Investigation of School Violence through Turkish Children's Drawings  

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This study investigates Turkish children's perception of violence in school as represented through drawings and narratives. In all, 66 students (12 to 13 years old) from the middle socioeconomic class participated. To elicit children's perception of violence, they were asked to draw a picture of a violent incident they had heard, experienced, or…

Yurtal, Filiz; Artut, Kazim

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

First Year Turkish Science Undergraduates' Understandings and Misconceptions of Light  

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The present study aims to identify first year Turkish Science undergraduates' understandings and misconceptions of the concept of light and its propagation. For this purpose, an instrument composed of four open-ended questions was developed by the researchers. The diagnostic test was piloted with twenty students and modifications were made prior…

Yalcin, Mehmet; Altun, Sema; Turgut, Umit; Aggul, Fatma

2009-01-01

282

An Overview of Undergraduate Physiology Education in Turkish Medical Faculties  

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Physiology education, which occupies an important place in undergraduate medical education, exhibits diversities across the world. Since there was no specific source of information about physiology education in Turkish medical faculties, the authors aimed to evaluate the general status of undergraduate physiology teaching of medical students in…

Balkanci, Z. Dicle; Pehlivanoglu, Bilge

2008-01-01

283

Parenting Styles and Life Satisfaction of Turkish Adolescents  

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This study examined adolescents' perception of satisfaction from various life domains according to gender and parenting styles among 562 Turkish adolescents [53.2% girls; Mean (M) age = 14.1, Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.85]. The participants completed the multidimensional students' life satisfaction scale and the parenting style inventory. The…

Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya

2012-01-01

284

Adaptation of Academic Self-Efficacy Scale into Turkish  

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Full Text Available Purpose of this study is to adapt Academic Self-efficacy Scale into Turkish, determine validity and reliability of the scale developed by Morgan and Jinks (2003. Because of the correlation between the marks obtained from the English and Turkish Forms of the scale is .95, both of these forms were accepted as equivalent. Working group of the study included 380 students who were attending 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grades of four different primary schools in three counties of Ankara. Structural validity of the scale determined through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. As a result of exploratory factor analysis, it was seen that scale has three factor structure as it was original, but the third factor formed different factor. Factors were ability, context, and educational quality. Scale's reliability of Turkish form was determined as .80 with repetition and through Cronbach alfa inner reliability technique as .82.

Hüseyin ÖNCÜ

2012-04-01

285

Turkish electricity reform  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Turkish electricity reform has progressed slowly due to internal resistance against privatisation, and gained momentum after Electricity Market Law of 2001, prepared in line with EU Energy Acquis and established required institutional and legal framework. Although the eligibility threshold has reached 39% market opening rate, the dominant position of public both as owner and decision-maker is still the major problem in the sector. Currently Turkey is self-sufficient in electricity, but likely to face shortages in 10 years if the growing demand is not met by either speeding the liberalisation process, or joining the South East Europe Electricity Market. (author)

286

Turkish electricity reform  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Turkish electricity reform has progressed slowly due to internal resistance against privatisation, and gained momentum after Electricity Market Law of 2001, prepared in line with EU Energy Acquis and established required institutional and legal framework. Although the eligibility threshold has reached 39% market opening rate, the dominant position of public both as owner and decision-maker is still the major problem in the sector. Currently Turkey is self-sufficient in electricity, but likely to face shortages in 10 years if the growing demand is not met by either speeding the liberalisation process, or joining the South East Europe Electricity Market. (author)

Bagdadioglu, Necmiddin [Department of Public Finance, Hacettepe University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey); Odyakmaz, Necmi [E.ON Holding, Armada Business Centre, 06520 Ankara (Turkey)

2009-03-15

287

Zenica Üniversitesi Türkoloji Bölümündeki Bo?nak Ö?rencilerin Türkçe Metin Okumadaki Sorunlar? The problems of Bosnian students at Turkology Department of Zenica University in reading Turkish texts  

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Full Text Available One of the basic skills of language teaching is reading. Readingskill briefly means vocalizing the symbols in text and comprehendingthe unity consisting of these symbols. Aim at reading skill iscomprehension of the reading text. In addition to that comprehension isoriginal purpose, pronunciation of the text is at least as crucial ascomprehending it in oral reading, one of the reading types. The reasonis that reader is not alone in oral reading. Audience exert effort fort hetext with the reader, either. In teaching Turkish to foreigners, generallyreading training and specifically oral reading are important just as inmother-tongue teaching.In the study, features of a successful oral reading are stated. Oralreading could be also thought as a reading skill scale in foreignlanguage teaching, as in mother-tongue, either. Oral reading skill of thestudents, learning Turkish as a foreign language, must be well.However, oral reading skill is within the other skills. Oral reading is areading skill activity. It is also a listening activity for the audience and aspeaking activity fort he reader. Teachers, teaching Turkish toforeigners, should make a point of oral reading because of the featuresof oral reading, stated here and below.In the study, Bosnian students’ basic oral reading mistakes havebeen tried to be identified. Within this scope, determined text has beenread by 19 students, composing the study group and their voice hasbeen recorded. Oral reading mistakes, word repetition, syncopation andvoice addings have been classified as misreading mistakes. Based ondefined mistakes, suggestions have been made upon solutions of them. Dil ö?retiminin temel becerilerinden biri de okumad?r. Okuma becerisi k?saca metindeki sembollerin seslendirilip, bu sembollerden olu?an bütünlü?ün anla??lmas? demektir. Okuma becerisinde amaç okunan metnin anla??lmas?d?r. Okuma türlerinden olan sesli okumada da anlamak as?l amaç olmakla birlikte metnin seslendirilmesi en az anlamak kadar önemlidir. Çünkü sesli okumada okuyucu yaln?z de?ildir. Dinleyici de okuyucuyla beraber metne yönelik çaba sarf etmektedir. Anadil e?itiminde oldu?u gibi Yabanc?lara Türkçe ö?retiminde de genelde okuma e?itimi özelde ise sesli okuma önemlidir.Çal??mada ba?ar?l? bir sesli okuman?n özellikleri belirtilmi?tir. Sesli okuma anadil e?itiminde oldu?u gibi yabanc? dil e?itiminde de okuma becerisi ölçe?i olarak dü?ünülebilir. Türkçeyi yabanc? dil olarak ö?renen ö?rencilerin sesli okuma becerilerin iyi olmas? gerekmektedir. Bununla birlikte sesli okuma becerisi di?er becerilerle iç içedir. Sesli okuma, okuma becerisi etkinli?i oldu?u gibi dinleyen için bir dinleme etkinli?i, okuyan için bir konu?ma etkinli?idir. Yabanc?lara Türkçe ö?reten ö?retmenler sesli okuman?n burada ve a?a??da belirtilen özelliklerinden dolay? sesli okumaya özen göstermelidirler.Bu çal??mada Bo?nak ö?rencilerin Türkçeyi ö?renirken yapt?klar? temel sesli okuma hatalar? tespit edilmeye çal???lm??t?r. Bu kapsamda çal??ma grubunu olu?turan 19 ö?renciye belirlenen bir metin okutulmu? ve sesleri kaydedilmi?tir. Sesli okuma hatalar? kelime tekrar?, hece yutumu, ses yutumu, ses eklemeleri, yanl?? okuma hatalar? olarak s?n?fland?r?lm??t?r. Belirlenen hatalardan yola ç?k?larak hatalar?n çözümlerine yönelik önerilerde bulunulmu?tur.

Mehmet KARA

2013-07-01

288

Sociological analysis of contemporary Turkish political elites  

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Full Text Available This study was designed to find general characteristics of Contemporary Turkish political Elites since 1995 up to date. Social background characteristics were employed to realise the purposes. Documentary and historical research techniques were used during the study. As a result of examining the Contemporary Turkish political elites (since 1995 up to 2005 these major findings were discovered: the large majority of the Turkish parliamentary elites were well educated, male, middle aged, married and with a small family size. Also, more than 25 percent of Turkish Elites are trader and businessmen. Moreover the size of the groups of lawyers, civil bureaucrats and managers, educators and free professions was also meaningful. Contemporary Turkish political elites have exhibited an elitist character as compared with Turkish society, but this elitist character and male domination has begun to change in recent years. Keywords: Democracy, Elite, Elite Theory, Power, Turkish Elites, Turkish Political Elites, Contemporary Turkish Political Elites

D. Ali Arslan

2007-03-01

289

Determination of Turkish Education Teacher Candidates’ Views Related to Critical Thinking  

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Full Text Available In this research, the aim is to determine the views of Turkish Education teacher candidates related to critical thinking. The data have been obtained by “California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory” transcribed into Turkish by Kökdemir (2003. The research group of the study is composed of 195 students in the department of Turkish Education in Faculty of Education at Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University. Descriptive statistics, t test and one-way analysis of variance have been used for data analysis. As a result of the research, it has been found that Turkish Education teacher candidates’ critical thinking dispositions are low. While there is no meaningful difference according to the type of school graduated, there has been obtained meaningful differences for gender and class variances. Female teacher candidates compared to male ones and the students in the 1st class compared to the ones in the 4th class have showed more positive opinions related to critical thinking.

Zeynep ÇET?NKAYA

2011-08-01

290

Postmaterialism, new environmental paradigm and ecocentric approach: A qualitative and quantitative study of environmental attitudes of Turkish senior high school students  

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The present study aims to elucidate the determinant factors that affect environmental attitudes (EA) of senior high school students in Turkey and the origins of these EAs. Over nine hundred students from different school types, neighborhoods, geographical regions, social-economic backgrounds participated in the questionnaire based surveys which are called the New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) and the General Attitudes and Perceptions (GAP), and twenty of those students were interviewed as well. Survey results show that EAs of students vary depending on school type, gender, parents' education levels and professions, and household income. Normal public high school students, females, lower-middle class students, students with well educated parents in white collar professions, and student with liberal parents have more pro-environmental attitudes than the others. With regard to school type, students from public technical high school (vocational school), almost all of which are based on single-sex education, have scored the lowest on both surveys which are the NEP and the GAP. The results from the qualitative portion are as follows: Students' perceptions about the environment and related issues are limited to their local habitat. Although the mean scores of students on both surveys do not differ to a statistically significant extent depending on geographical regions, interviews show that participants from different regions have distinct priorities, which range from poverty to sea pollution. Even though students' first priority in their lives is education, education is perceived as a mechanism to achieve a more prosperous life rather than an end in itself. Almost all interview participants agree on the importance of education in shaping EAs. Interestingly, some interviewees (four out of ten males) also comment that a man's sense of his own masculinity can be threatened when confronted by another man to change his attitude towards the environment.

Taskin, Ozgur

291

Cartoons as a Teaching Tool: A Research on Turkish Language Grammar Teaching  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of teaching by utilizing cartoons on student success in the Turkish language courses in primary school secondary level students. Working group of the study consists of 54 students studying in primary state school in Sakarya province Hendek district. In the study, the "Rule and Concept Test on…

Yaman, Havva

2010-01-01

292

A Controlled Evaluation of a School-Based Obesity Prevention in Turkish School Children  

Science.gov (United States)

This research was conducted to assess the effect of a weight management program in Turkish school children with overweight and obesity. Forty one students formed the intervention group while 40 students formed the control group in two elementary schools. Students in intervention group were given seven training sessions in a period of 2.5 months.…

Toruner, Ebru Kilicarslan; Savaser, Sevim

2010-01-01

293

The reliability and validity of Self Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH) in a Turkish sample  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the reliability and validity of Self Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH) in a Turkish sample. Methods: The scale items were translated into Turkish by the researchers and three specialists who have good knowledge of both languages. The scale was translated back by two specialists, and experts opinions from different fields were consulted on the properness of the phrases. The scale was pre-administered to 40 university students. The scale was adm...

sevgi sezer; fatih kezer

2013-01-01

294

The validity and reliability study of Turkish version of the multiple intelligences developmental assessment scales  

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The purpose of this study is to adapt Multiple Intelligences Developmental Assessment Scales (MIDAS) to Turkish. After examining and confirming equivalency between English and Turkish versions the scale was administered to a sample (1466 participant) including undergraduate, graduate students at the Cukurova University and adult in Adana, Turkey. In addition, test-retest reliability was assessed using a sample of undergraduate, graduate and adults in Adana,Turkey (N=100). In order to examine...

Ayten ?flazo?lu Saban; Branton Shearer; Bilge Ku?demir Kay?ran; Dilek I??k

2012-01-01

295

THE ASSESSMENT OF THE ATTITUDE TOWARD TARGET LANGUAGE OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS LEARNING TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN TURKEY IN TERM OF CERTAIN VARIABLES TÜRK?YE’DE TÜRKÇEY? YABANCI D?L OLARAK Ö?RENEN L?SE Ö?RENC?LER?N?N HEDEF D?LE KAR?I TUTUMLARININ BAZI DE???KENLER AÇISINDAN ?NCELENMES?  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to assessment in terms of certain variables the attitude connected with target language of the high school students who teaching Turkish as a foreign language. At the study was used Foreign Language Attitude Scale that was developed by Briem (1974 and was made validity and reliability by Corbin and Chiachiere (1995 as a data collection instrument. The scale has been translated into Turkish and alpha reliability coefficient of this scale has been found as .88. The participant are 314 students (from 27 countries who learning Turkish in Germirli ?mam Hatip High School in Kayseri-Turkey. 314 students’ responses were studied. The data were analysed using means, standard deviation, Tukey and t-test. Also the success situation of the students was defined according to mean of marks in the Turkish Language at the end of semester. According to the space of 0-44 was accepted ‘not success’; the space of 45-100 was accepted ‘success’. This study showed that students’ who take Turkish as a foreign language attitude differ in term of nationality, the purpose of learning Turkish, and success status in Turkish language, but there is difference their degree. Bu ara?t?rman?n amac?, Türkiye’de Türkçeyi yabanc? dil olarak ö?renen yabanc? uyruklu lise ö?rencilerinin Türkçeye kar?? tutumlar?n? baz? de?i?kenler aç?s?ndan de?erlendirmektir. Çal??mada veri toplama arac? olarak Briem (1974 taraf?ndan geli?tirilen Corbin & Chiachiere (1995 taraf?ndan geçerlik ve güvenirlik çal??mas? yap?larak son ?ekli verilen Yabanc? Dil Tutum Ölçe?i kullan?lm??t?r. Ölçe?in Türkçeye çeviri yap?lm?? ve alpha güvenirlik katsay?s? .88 olarak bulunmu?tur. Ara?t?rmaya Türkiye’de yabanc? uyruklu ö?rencilerin lise düzeyinde ö?renim gördü?ü tek merkez olan Kayseri Germirli ?mam Hatip Lisesine 27 ülkeden gelen 314 yabanc? uyruklu ö?renci kat?lm??t?r. Elde edilen veriler ara?t?rman?n amac?na uygun olarak Tukey testi, tek yönlü varyans analizi, aritmetik ortalama, standart sapma ve t-testi istatistiksel yöntemleri kullan?larak analiz edilmi?tir. Ö?rencilerin ba?ar? durumlar? ise ilk dönem a??rl?kl? olarak ald?klar? Türkçe dersinin dönem sonu puanlar?ndan olu?an not ortalamalar?na göre belirlenmi?tir. Buna göre 0-44 aras? ba?ar?s?z, 45-100 aras? ba?ar?l? kabul edilmi?tir. Bulgular, Türkçeyi yabanc? dil olarak ö?renen ö?rencilerin bu derse kar?? tutumlar?nda geldikleri ülke, Türkçeyi ö?renme amaçlar? ve Türkçe dersinde ba?ar?l? olma durumu de?i?kenleri aç?s?ndan fark olmad???, s?n?f düzeyi de?i?keni aç?s?ndan ise fark oldu?unu göstermektedir.

Ali GÖÇER

2009-12-01

296

Living in Neighborhoods with High or Low Co-Ethnic Concentration: Turkish-Norwegian-Speaking Students' Vocabulary Skills and Reading Comprehension  

Science.gov (United States)

Immigrant students may use and develop language and literacy skills differently depending on the dominance of the first and second language (L1 and L2) in the neighborhoods where they live. In this study, neighborhood effects on students' reported language use at home and with peers, and on measured language and literacy proficiency, were…

Rydland, Veslemøy; Aukrust, Vibeke Grøver; Fulland, Helene

2013-01-01

297

An Examination of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003 Turkish Database with the Aim of Exploring the Relationship between Homework Variables and Mathematics Achievement  

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The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the amount of time spent on homework in all subjects (HTAS), the time spent on mathematics homework (MHT), confidence in doing mathematics homework (HCM) and the mathematics achievement of students in Turkey, based on data from the programme for international student assessment…

Guzeller, Cem Oktay; Akin, Ayca

2011-01-01

298

Examining Psychological Well-Being and Self-Esteem Levels of Turkish Students in Gaining Identity against Role during Conflict Periods  

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In this research, university students' psychological well being and self-esteem levels are investigated in terms of a number of variables. The sample in this study is composed of 382 university students. To gather the data for this study, the Subjective Information Form, Psychological Well-Being Scale and Self-Esteem Scale are used. T tests and…

Isiklar, Abdullah

2012-01-01

299

Turkey & Turkish foreign policy [electronic resource].  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Consists of approximately 16,000 pages and hundreds of tables, diagrams and pictures. Features information on Turkish history, economy, social and cultural life, foreign policy, plus texts of bilateral and multilateral agreements and samples of Turkish music.

300

Üniversitelerdeki Türk Dili Dersi ve Türkçe Konusundaki Olumsuz Tutumlar Turkish Language Classes at Universities and Negative Attitude on Turkish Language  

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Full Text Available Everyone has linguistic competence as soon as the birth and with this competence he gets his mother tongue. Since he perceives the world, he goes ahead learning his native language first from his mother and the environs. The learning process goes on both at school and lifelong other than school. In Turkish education system, Turkish languageeducation as a native language starts at primary education andcontinues until university process. Turkish language is taught in thename of compulsory ‘Turkish Language’ at all departments exceptTurkish Language and Literature Departments. The importance and thenecessity of the lesson have always been contentious question. Latterly,the elimination of the lesson has been planned.There are considerable problems in Turkish language lessonstaught in the universities. There are many problems in this lesson suchas the name of the lesson, employee rights of lecturers, the inadequacyof physical capacity, bureaucratic annoyence, curriculum, educationmaterials and the problems on account of the students. However, themain problem of this lesson is the students’ ‘lack of conciousness oftheir native language’. Deprived of this conciousness, Turkish youthhas a ‘negative attitude’ on their mother tongue, Turkish language. Inthis study, with the aim of evaluating the university students’ attitudes,students’ attitudes are ascertained. The survey was applied to the firstclass students and the information except the accuracy foundacceptance in Turkish science is assessed as ‘negative attitude’.Throught the ‘Native Language Attitude Scale’ how Turkish languageeducation should be is specified. Her insan dünyaya geldi?inde dil yetisine sahiptir ve bu dil yetisiyle ana dilini edinir. Çevresindeki dünyay? alg?lamaya ba?lad??? andan itibaren ba?ta annesi olmak üzere çevresinden ana dilini ö?renmeye ba?lar. Bu ö?renme gerek okulda gerekse okul d???nda hayat boyu devam eder. Türk e?itim sisteminde, ana dili olarak Türkçenin e?itimi ilkö?retimin birinci kademesinde ba?lay?p üniversite e?itimi sürecine kadar devam etmektedir. Bu sürecin son basama?? olan üniversitelerde Türkçe e?itimi, Türk dili ve edebiyat? bölümleri d???ndaki tüm bölümlerde ortak zorunlu “Türk Dili” ad?yla verilmektedir. Bu dersin üniversitelerde okutulmaya ba?lamas?ndan bugüne kadar dersin önemi veya gereklili?i daima tart???lm??t?r. Son dönemlerde ise art?k dersin kald?r?lmas? planlanmaktad?r.Üniversitelerde okutulan ortak zorunlu “Türk Dili” dersinin uygulanmas?nda önemli sorunlar ya?anmaktad?r. Bu dersle ilgili; dersin ad?, okutmanl?k mesle?inin özlük haklar?, fizikî ?artlar?n yetersizli?i, bürokratik s?k?nt?lar, müfredat, e?itim ve ö?retim malzemesi ve ö?renciden kaynaklanan birçok sorun bulunmaktad?r. Ancak bu dersle ilgili temel sorun, “Türkçe ana dili bilinci”nin çocuklara kazand?r?lamam?? olmas?d?r. Bu bilinçten yoksun b?rak?lan Türk gençleri, ana dilleri olan Türkçe konusunda “olumsuz tutum” sahibi olmaktad?rlar. Bu çal??mada, üniversite ö?rencilerinin Türkçe ile ilgili tutumlar?n? ölçmek amac?yla birinci s?n?f ö?rencilerine uygulanan sormaca (anket ile bu ö?rencilerin ana dillerine kar?? olan tutumlar? tespit edilmi? ve Türklük biliminde genel kabul görmü? do?rular d???ndaki bilgiler “olumsuz tutum” olarak de?erlendirilmi?tir. Bu “ana dili tutum ölçe?i” arac?l???yla “Türkçe, Türk dili” e?itiminin nas?l olmas? gerekti?i belirtilmi?tir.

Mustafa KARATA?

2013-03-01

 
 
 
 
301

Adaptation of Instructional Materials Motivation Survey to Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to adapt “Instructional Materials Motivation Survey [IMMS]”, developed by J. M. Keller, to Turkish and investigate validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the survey. The original version of the survey was composed of 36 items gathered under four factors (attention, relevance, confidence, satisfaction. The survey was translated into Turkish. Views of 15 faculty members who were expert in Turkish and foreign language were sought in terms of correctness of meaning in Turkish and integrity of items into culture of Turkish education system. Turkish version of the survey was administered to total of 262 university students from Education Faculties of Ataturk and Erzincan Universities. The item-total correlations were calculated, and items which had negative or low correlation with the total survey score (r<.30 were excluded from the survey. The construct validity of the survey was examined by exploratory factor analysis. Varimax rotation technique was used due to the separation into irrelevant factors. Finally the survey was constructed from 24 item gathered under two factors. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha for the whole survey was calculated as 0.83, and 0.79 and 0.69 for the two sub-factors respectively.

Hülya Kutu

2011-06-01

302

Turkish: A Guide to the Spoken Language.  

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This Turkish phrasebook is intended as a guide to pronunciation and useful words and phrases. All entries are given first in English, followed by the Turkish word in simplified English phonetic spelling, with the Turkish spelling in parentheses. The "Useful Words and Phrases," dealing with subjects such as directions, greetings, numbers and…

Department of Defense, Washington, DC.

303

Quantitative Developments in Turkish Higher Education since 1933  

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Full Text Available In this study, quantitative developments in Turkish higher education during the Republic period from 1933, when the first university was established, to date are tried to be demonstrated. In parallel with this purpose, first, establishment dates of universities, number of universities by years as well as number of universities established during the periods of each presidents of Turkish Council of Higher Education are listed. Also, spread to all provinces as of 2008, the distribution of the number of universities with regard to provinces is given. On the other hand, development of Turkish higher education by years is examined by using several quantitative indicators about higher education. Thus, number of students in higher education, total number of academic staffs as well as those with PhD, improvement in the number of students per academic staff and higher education gross enrollment rates by years are shown. Furthermore, especially for big provinces in Turkey (Ankara, ?stanbul and ?zmir number of universities, number of students in higher education and higher education gross enrollment rates are provided. Distribution of higher education students according to higher education institutions, higher education programs and education types in 2011 is presented as well as distribution of academic staffs according to higher education institutions and information about their academic positions. In addition, quantitative data about higher education bachelor and associate degrees (numbers of programs types, programs, quotas and placed students in 2010 is given. Finally, the position of Turkish higher education in the world with respect to the number of academic publications and the change in the number of academic publications per staff by years are analyzed.

Asl? GÜNAY

2011-01-01

304

?lkö?retim Ö?rencilerinin Okuma Tutumlar?, Yazma E?ilimleri ?le Türkçe Dersindeki Akademik Ba?ar?lar? Aras?ndaki ?li?ki Correlation Amongst Reading Attitudes, Writing D?spos?t?ons and Academic Success of Elementary Students in Turkish Course  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation betweenelementary students’ reading attitudes, writing dispositions andacademic success in Turkish course and to determine to what extentstudents’ reading attitudes and writing dispositions predict theiracademic success in Turkish course. The problem statement of theresearch was posed as “Is there a significant correlation betweenelementary students’ reading attitudes, writing dispositions and theiracademic success in Turkish course?” 474 students from sevenelementary schools in Nigde province, Turkey participated in the study.Students were chosen randomly in the research. In this study, theReading Attitudes (Ünal, 2006 and Writing Dispositions (Piazza andSiebert, 2008 scales were used in order to collect data to answer theresearch questions. The correlative investigation model was adopted inthe research. The Pearson moment’s correlation coefficient analysisshowed that there was a positive significant correlation betweenstudents’ reading attitudes, writing dispositions and academic successin Turkish course. It was also found that students’ reading attitudesand writing dispositions were significant predictors of their academicsuccess in Turkish course. It was seen that 45% of the total variance forstudents’ academic success in Turkish course was explained by theirreading attitudes and 41% of the total variance of academic successwas explained by their writing dispositions. It was also understood that66% of the total variance for students’ writing dispositions wereexplained by their reading attitudes in the research. Bu çal??man?n amac?, ilkö?retim ö?rencilerinin okumaya ili?kin tutumlar?, yazma e?ilimleri ile Türkçe dersindeki akademik ba?ar?lar? aras?ndaki ili?kiyi ve ö?rencilerin okumaya ili?kin tutumlar?n?n ve yazma e?ilimlerinin Türkçe dersindeki akademik ba?ar?y? ne oranda yordad???n? incelemektir. Yap?lan bu ara?t?rman?n problem cümlesini, ise, “?lkö?retim ö?rencilerinin okumaya yönelik tutumlar?, yazma e?ilimleri ile Türkçe dersindeki akademik ba?ar?lar? aras?nda anlaml? bir ili?ki var m?d?r?” sorusu te?kil etmektedir. Çal??maya Ni?de ilindeki ilkö?retim okullar?ndan toplam 474 ö?renci kat?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rmaya kat?lan ö?renciler seçkisiz örnekleme yöntemi ile belirlenmi?tir. Yap?lan bu çal??mada ara?t?rma sorular?na yan?t arayabilmek için gerekli olan veriler Okumaya ?li?kin Tutum Ölçe?i (Ünal, 2006 ve Yazma E?ilimi Ölçe?i ile (Piazza ve Siebert, 2008 toplanm??t?r. Ara?t?rmada ili?kisel tarama modeli benimsenmi? olup ara?t?rmada elde edilen verilerin çözümlenmesinde Pearson momentler çarp?m? korelasyon katsay?s? analiz tekni?i ile çoklu regresyon analizi tekni?i kullan?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rmada elde edilen bulgulara göre, ö?rencilerin okumaya ili?kin tutumlar?, yazma e?ilimleri ile Türkçe dersindeki akademik ba?ar?lar? aras?nda anlaml? ve pozitif yönde ili?kiler saptanm??t?r. Ayr?ca, ö?rencilerin okumaya ili?kin tutumlar? ile yazma e?ilimlerinin de Türkçe dersindeki akademik ba?ar?y? anlaml? bir ?ekilde yordad??? bulunmu?tur. Okumaya ili?kin tutumlar?n Türkçe dersindeki akademik ba?ar?n?n yakla??k olarak %45’ini ve yazma e?iliminin ise Türkçe dersindeki akademik ba?ar?n?n yakla??k olarak %41’ini aç?klad??? görülmü?tür. Ayr?ca, okumaya ili?kin tutumun yazma e?iliminin %66’s?n? aç?klad??? anla??lm??t?r.

Gökhan BA?

2012-09-01

305

Factors influencing Turkish teacher candidates' elective course preferences  

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Full Text Available By the Academic Year of 2006-2007, new curriculum has been begun to be applied in the Faculties of Education. When it is evaluated in terms of Turkish Language Teacher Training Departments, it is seen that the most attractive changes are the abolition of Side Branch application, the increase in the number of the courses which will contribute to teacher candidates’ profession and the enrichment in the content. In the curriculum are 5 elective courses beside necessary ones. The aim of this study is to determine what and how much effects the Turkish Language Teacher Candidates as they decide on the courses mentioned above. In the study, based on scanning method, of which subject is consists of 2nd, 3rd and 4th year students from Turkish Language Teacher Training Department, The Faculty of Education of Nigde University Likert-type Scale with four grades which was improved by Tezcan and Gumus (2008 has been used as data collection tool. According to the finding acquired from the study the factors effecting Turkish Language Teacher Candidates’ preferences about elective courses have been determined and ideas which are going to contribute to determination of elective courses and effective process of them have been suggested.

Duygu Uçgun

2012-10-01

306

The Rise Of English Teaching ?n Turkish Curriculum  

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Full Text Available It has become a neccessity that individuals and indirectly the countries must know a foreign language to carry forward their international relations in social, political and economic fields. In today’s world English is extensively taught in many countries as a second language and among the reasons of this, some commercial, culturel and social reasons can be expressed. It has been stated that English is international science language as well as the language of mass communication like computer and television and there is no doubt that at the present day the global language is English. This paper discusses how and why English language has become very popular in Turkish educational system while historically French was the most dominant language in Turkish curriculum during the Otoman Period and in the Republican era. German has also been taught along with French and English in Turkish schools for a considerable period of time. However, in early 1980’s French and German languages have dropped from the curriculum and English has become the most prominent foreign language that has been taught in the nation’s schools and in many cases French and German have been made as elective courses to be taken by a few students. In short, this study investigates the historical developments of foreign languages especially English in Turkish curriculum.

Hümeyra TÜRED?

2010-12-01

307

The Contribution of Gender, Socio-Economic Status and Socio-Cultural Influence to Turkish Students' Task Value Beliefs in Science  

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This study aimed to investigate how well gender, socio-economic status of family, and socio-cultural influences (perceived parents' achievement goals, and perceived teachers' achievement goals) predict middle school students' task value beliefs in science. Background Characteristics Survey, Motivated Strategies for Learning…

Kahraman, Nurcan; Sungur-Vural, Semra

2014-01-01

308

Determination of association between some caries-related factors in permanent teeth with body mass index of female school students in Tehran, Iran  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Some investigations have shown a direct and significant correlation between BMI (body mass index and dental caries. The aim of this study was to determine the association between obesity and dental caries in the permanent teeth of 12?14-year-old female students of guidance schools in districts 5 and 6 in Tehran, Iran in 2011.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 950 female students, aged 12?14 years old, were selected randomly from guidance schools in districts 5 and 6 in Tehran. The frequency of brushing, flossing, daily consumption of snacks, DMFT (Decayed, Missing, Filled and BMI were assessed using interviews and clinical examinations. The association of the variables was determined by Pearson’s correlation and linear regression statistical tests at a confidence interval of 95%.Results: The means of DMFT index were 3.56 ± 2.652, 4.26 ± 2.961 and 4.38 ± 2.899 in 12-, 13- and 14-year-old students, respectively. Evaluation of the effect of demographic variables, oral hygiene habits and obesity on DMFT showed that age (p value = 0.001, toothbrushing frequency (p value = 0.025 and frequency of snack consumption daily (p value = 0.043 are effective on tooth decay. However, no correlation was found between frequency of flossing (p value ? 0.083 and BMI (p value ? 0.205 with tooth decay.Conclusion: There was no statistically significant association between DMFT and BMI of 12?14-year-old female students in Tehran. There was no relationship between the frequency of sweet snacks consumption and age with BMI. Toothbrushing frequency and frequency of sweet snacks consumption have an effect on tooth decay. Key words: Body mass index, Dental caries, Obesity

Mozhgan Faezi

2013-01-01

309

ADAPTING ONLINE SELF-REGULATED LEARNING SCALE INTO TURKISH  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine online self-regulated learning levels of students by adapting “Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale” designed by Barnard and his colleagues into Turkish. Present study, irrespective of being a scale analysis, is at the same time a qualitative research. It is executed via scan model. Study group of research consists of collectively 222 students. Firstly the original scale has been translated by two educational technologists who are efficient in both Turkish and English languages. The validity of scale’s original factor structure within Turkish culture has been tested via confirmatory factor analysis. In order to measure the reliability of scale, internal consistency analyses have been conducted on data. In order to detect self-regulated learning levels of students; frequency, percentage, arithmetical means, standard deviation and t tests have been employed. In differentiation analyses p<0,05 significance level has been considered sufficient. As a result it can reasonably be argued that “Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale” is a valid and reliable scale that can be employed in detecting online self-regulated learning levels of university students in Turkey. Additionally below given results have been obtained regarding students’ online self-regulated learning levels: Students’ online self-regulated learning skills are generally higher and their highest level of skills is “structuring the environment”, whereas the lowest skill is “goal setting”. Online self-regulated learning levels of students from Social Sciences Teaching Department are meaningfully lower than the students’ online self-regulated learning levels from other departments.

Ozgen KORKMAZ

2012-01-01

310

Turkish Classroom Teachers' Views on School Readiness: A Phenomenological Study  

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In a democratic education system, it is important to provide equal opportunity to every child. Both educators and researchers acknowledge a gap between students who attend school ready to learn and those who do not. School readiness prepares students for this learning. The purpose of the study was to ascertain Turkish classroom teachers'…

Kotaman, Huseyin

2014-01-01

311

Turkish EFL Learners’ Readiness for Learner Autonomy  

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Full Text Available The notion of ‘learner autonomy’ has become more and more crucial in the field oflanguage learning for the last three decades due to the development of learner centeredapproaches in education. Current literature on learner autonomy suggests that the perceptionand practice of autonomous learning change according to specific cultural and educationalcontexts. Therefore, in any given country, it is important to identify students’ readiness forlearner autonomy before designing or adapting activities to promote autonomous learning.This study is an attempt in that direction. Aiming at identifying university level Turkish EFLlearners’ readiness for learner autonomy, the study investigated 103 learners’ perceptions ofteacher and learner responsibilities, their opinions about their own abilities to actautonomously, and the frequency of actual autonomous language learning activities theyemploy. Results indicated that learners seem to be ready to take more responsibility in manyareas of the language learning process.

Özgür Y?ld?r?m

2008-04-01

312

Trends in Turkish Education Studies  

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The purpose of this study was to determine trends in the subject areas, methods, data collection tools, data analysis methods, and sample types used in recent studies on Turkish education, published in journals from 2000-2011. A total of 558 articles from 44 journals were selected from databases by the purposive sampling method and examined using…

Varisoglu, Behice; Sahin, Abdullah; Goktas, Yuksel

2013-01-01

313

Understanding and Acceptance of Evolutionary Theory Among Turkish University Students = Türk Üniversite Ö?rencileri Aras?nda Evrim Teorisini Anlama ve Kabul Etme  

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Full Text Available Acceptance level of evolutionary theory and factors predicting it were examined among Psychology majors from Do?u? University and Bahçe?ehir University (N=99. About half of the students accepted evolutionary theory, which is a higher percentage than in previous reports. Positive attitudes towards science and parents’ education were positively correlated with acceptance whereas religiosity was negatively correlated. Understanding of evolutionary theory was surprisingly low. Understanding the theory and understanding the nature of science were unrelated to acceptance. Recommendations are made to improve the teaching of evolutionary theory.

Hasan BAHÇEKAPILI

2012-03-01

314

AN EVALUATION ABOUT TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES’ CRITICAL THINKING ATTITUDE’S IN TERMS OF DIFFERENCE VARIABLE  

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Full Text Available In accordance with regenerated Turkish teaching programmes in 2004-2005, it has been aimed to bring up individuals who are “using language clearly, effectively, thinking as critically and examined knowledges”. Critical thinking ability has provided to individuals a “doubt-based approach, interpreting and decisioning with this approach”. While converting this ability to acqusition for learners, Turkish teachers’ critical thinking attitudes are very important. For this reason, it must be examined that what Turkish teachers’ and candidates’ critical thinking attitude and what they are impressed by difference variable. This study have been aimed that Turkish teacher candidates’ critical thinking attitudes’ changing according to difference variables. 144 students who are in Gazi University Gazi Education Faculty Department of Turkish Teaching has been constituted this research’s exemplify. For data gathering, Likert-based critical thinking attitude scale has been used in this research. For data analysis, t-tests in independence group, ANOVA and descriptive statistics have been used in this research. According to research conclusion, in terms of critical thinking ability, Turkish teacher candidates are in middle level. Also, conclusions showed that their attitudes are not impressed by their gender, age, school, parents’ education, yearly income, high school type, reading book and newspaper.

Ülker ?EN

2009-10-01

315

USE OF THE STORIES FORMED WITH DRAMA IN TURKISH EDUCATION  

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Full Text Available New Turkish Program has been based upon activities that will provide participation of students to the educational process. Story formation with drama which is one of the most suitable activities to actualize requirements of the Turkish education is to animate improvised or proverbial stories using drama techniques. What has been meant with the expression of story formation in drama studies is to accommodate story genre into animation of other genres including texts based upon events rather than dramatization of the genre’s itself. Through the animation of the story, the student will have the opportunity of examining, analyzing and solving the problems related to real life. While concepts such as hero, target, obstacle /event have been the primary elements of story formation, concepts such as speech line and metaxis (dramatic existence are the secondary elements. There can be provided the acquisition of four basic language abilities to be actualized, association of linguistic concepts with daily life and exposure of a hidden ability into the light through the stories formed with drama in Turkish lessons. This study has been carried out using the scanning model and relevant researches within the bounds of the subject have been benefited.

Ömer Tu?rul KARA

2013-01-01

316

Bulgarian Turkish emigration and return.  

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The main factors which determined the 1989 migration of Turks in Bulgaria back to Turkey are discussed. Background history is provided. After World War I, Turks in bulgaria comprised 10% of the total population. Bulgarian policy had been, up to the 1980s to send Rumelian Turks back, but the policy after 1980 was one of a national revival process to integrate Turks into the developed socialist society. Muslim traditions, customs, and Turkish language were interfered with. International disfavor resulted. In May 1989, the Communist Party declared, in an effort to show democratic ideals, open borders. Thus began the new emigration wave. 369,839 people fled to the Turkish border. 43% of the 9.47 ethnic Turks in bulgaria went to Turkey within 4 months. The numbers decreased in November, and soon after the communist regime ended. New laws were adopted allowing Turks to assume their original Turkish names. The huge migration was clearly political, and as such, the emigrant Turks should be determined as refugees and asylum seekers. The provocation of ethnic Turks was used by the communist regime to solve potential social conflicts. Not only did Turks flee to escape from violence or for religious, cultural, and moral reasons but also due to free market initiatives begun in Turkey in the early 1980s which improved Turkish quality of life. Food and consumer goods were cheaper and economic advantages were perceived. Emigrants were primarily peasants with lower levels of education, professional qualifications, and labor skills. 154,937 (42%) returned to bulgaria and 58% stayed in Turkey to comprise 25% of the former Turkish population. During this period, tensions between countries was high.l Bulgarians actively encouraged emigration and Turkey welcomed it. The emigrants to Turkey were seen as foreigners (muhacir or gocmen) but were received with good will and were readily accepted into menial positions. Emigrants were confronted with political, linguistic, and cultural differences. The unifying factor was the Islamic religion. For those returning to Bulgaria, the change in regime meant the government worked to solve the emigrants' housing problems and teaching Turkish in primary and secondary schools. The result of this massive migration has been a change in the demographics and social structure of Bulgaria, and the realization that forceful migration is inefficient in solving problems. PMID:12285857

Vasileva, D

1992-01-01

317

The Presence of Turkish Accent in the Iranian Turkish Speaking People's Farsi Contrasted with its Absence in Their Speaking English: Minimal Overwhelms Maximal Bilingualism  

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Full Text Available The terms minimal and maximal bilingualism are respectively defined as incipient and native like ability to use a second language. The presence of Turkish accent in the Iranian Turkish speaking people's Farsi, with its absence in their speaking English contradicts the contrast between minimal and maximal dichotomy in bilingualism. These people do not speak Farsi, which is deeply rooted in their culture and way of life, as fluently as English to which they are lightly exposed. A five point Likert scale analysis of ten attitude statements about Farsi and English checked off by 49 out of 490 Iranian Turkish speaking students showed that attitude was the main cause of the problem. Thus, positive or negative attitude toward a second language can facilitate or hinder learning it.

Ataollah Maleki

2011-01-01

318

Five ectoparasites from Turkish fish.  

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Five ectoparasites were collected during the period of 2002-2005 from fish of Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea and inland waters of Turkey: Four crustaceans [Ergasilus mosulensis and Pennella instructa (Copepoda), Ceratothoa steindachneri (Isopoda) and Argulus foliaceus (Branchiura)] and one Annelida (Piscicola geometra) were found. The species, E. mosulensis, P. instructa and C. steindachneri have been reported for first time in Turkish waters, and A. foliaceus and P. geometra for the time from the Cavu?çu Lake. PMID:17594661

Oktener, Ahmet; Trilles, Jean Paul; Leonardos, Ioannis

2007-01-01

319

An Investigation of Metaphors on the Concept of Teacher among Preservice Turkish Teachers  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the perception of preservice Turkish teachers with respect to the concept of teacher through metaphors. The research has the research pattern adopted the phenomenology pattern, a qualitative research approach which prioritizes examining and understanding social phenomena within the context they belong to. The participants consist of freshman students studying at the departments of Turkish Language Teaching at Yildiz Technical University (46, Sabahattin Zaim University (36 and Aydin University (32 during 2013- 2014 academic year. The present study is of a particular importance since the sample includes preservice students from private universities. The questions pursued in the study are which metaphors preservice Turkish teachers produce for the concept of teacher and which conceptual categories those metaphors are sorted out based on their common features. To that end, the participants are asked to complete the sentence “A teacher is like ..... , because ......”. Content analysis, a qualitative data analysis method, is employed during the data analysis process. According to the findings, the preservice Turkish teachers have produced 42 valid metaphors. The results obtained in the research yield that preservice Turkish teachers consider the concept of teacher as source of information, mentor and guide, example of love and sacrifice, molder.

Talat AYTAN

2014-09-01

320

Attitudes of Australian and Turkish veterinary faculty toward animal welfare.  

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The attitudes of veterinary faculty toward animal welfare were surveyed in four Australian and three Turkish veterinary schools. The former were considered to be typical of modern Western schools, with a faculty of more than 40% women and a primary focus on companion animals, whereas the latter were considered to represent more traditional veterinary teaching establishments, with a faculty of 88% men and a primary focus on livestock. A total of 116 faculty responded to the survey (42 Australian and 74 Turkish faculty members), for response rates of 30% and 33%, respectively. This survey included demographic questions as well as questions about attitudes toward animal-welfare issues. Women were more concerned than men about animal-welfare issues, especially the use of animals in experiments, zoos, entertainment, and sports and for food and clothing. Total scores demonstrated different concerns among Turkish and Australian faculty. The study demonstrates that the veterinary faculty of these two countries have different concerns for animal welfare, concerns that should be acknowledged in considering the welfare attitudes that students may adopt. PMID:22718008

Izmirli, Serdar; Phillips, Clive J C

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Multiple Intelligences Theory in Turkish Education System  

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Turkey can be regarded as a cultural bridge between the East and the West. After Turkish Republic was established by Ataturk in 1923, many radical revolutions, including the Turkish Education System, were made in order for Turkey to reach the level of contemporary civilizations. In the last two decades, Multiple Intelligences (MI) theory has been…

Kaya, Osman Nafiz

2006-01-01

322

Ö?retmen Adaylar?n?n Türkçe Kavram?na ?li?kin Metaforlar?
Metaphors Of Teacher Candidates About The Concept Of Turkish
 

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The aim of this study is to identify the student teachers’perception on Turkish by metaphors. Phenomenological design whichis a qualitative method is used in the study. The study group consists of142 student teachers in the Department of Turkish Education and theDepartment of Primary Education, Classroom Teacher EducationSection in the Faculty of Education, K?r?kkale University. The data ofthe study was collected by a form containing only one question withfilling the gaps. In the analysis...

Pi?lav, Salim; Elkatmis?, Metin

2013-01-01

323

Foucault and Foucault Bibliography in Turkish Language  

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Full Text Available Foucault, a prominent philosopher of the twenteeth century, had quite on impact on philosophy, politics, history, sociology, literature, art and so on. Foucault’s works were translated into Turkish in the late 1980s and more frequently in the 1990s and in the early 2000’s, they were almost complete. Foucault, who is frequently referred in Turkish thought world, has been translation book, article and test subject fort the last two decades. Foucault entrance to Turkish literature shows parallelism with postmodernism debate in Turkish philosophy. The purpose of this bibliography is to make on inventory for Foucault’s works translated into Turkish and works and writings and about him, in order to provide convenience for the people who study Foucault.

Sever I??k

2012-12-01

324

Prospective Turkish Primary Teachers' Views about the Use of Computers in Mathematics Education  

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The use of computers and technology in mathematics education affects students' learning, achievements, and affective dimensions. This study explores prospective Turkish primary mathematics teachers' views about the use of computers in mathematics education. The sample comprised of 129 fourth-year prospective primary mathematics teachers from two…

Dogan, Mustafa

2012-01-01

325

Determinants of Condom Use Intentions and Behavior among Turkish Youth: A Theoretically Based Investigation  

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The assumptions of two social cognition models, the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991) and the Health Belief Model (Rosenstock, 1974) are examined in 2 samples of Turkish university students: sexually active and sexually inactive. For sexually inactive participants, perceived benefits of condom use and self-efficacy beliefs regarding condom…

Ozakinci, Gozde; Weinman, John A.

2006-01-01

326

Exploration of Problematic Internet Use and Social Interaction Anxiety among Turkish Pre-Service Teachers  

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The current study investigated the relationship between problematic Internet use and social interaction anxiety among pre-service teachers. Participants were 1235 students attending teacher training programs at a Turkish state university. The "Problematic Internet Use Scale" and "Social Interaction Anxiety Scale" were used to collect the data.…

Cuhadar, Cem

2012-01-01

327

Technology Related Expectations of Turkish as a Second Language Learners at Hacettepe University  

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Aside from "lingua franca" of the current age, technology enhanced language learning is still in its infancy for the less commonly taught languages. Hacettepe TOMER has been teaching Turkish as a foreign/second language to the exchange students for several years though; technology related expectations of the language learners have never…

Kalfa, Mahir; Yalcin, Haydar

2013-01-01

328

Validity and Reliability of the Academic Resilience Scale in Turkish High School  

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The present study aims to determine the validity and reliability of the academic resilience scale in Turkish high school. The participances of the study includes 378 high school students in total (192 female and 186 male). A set of analyses were conducted in order to determine the validity and reliability of the study. Firstly, both exploratory…

Kapikiran, Sahin

2012-01-01

329

The adaptation study of oral communication strategy inventory into Turkish  

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Full Text Available Individuals use a variety of strategies in the course of speaking which can be identified via measurement tools. In the literature, strategy inventories are regarded as the most commonly used measurement tools. However, most of the strategy inventories lack the reliability and validity studies. Furthermore, most of them represent strategies that the learner could use throughout the language learning process and they are not directly relevant to the skill of speaking. Moreover, in the literature, most of the studies carried out on speaking strategies are based on the inventories developed for learners learning English as a second language. With respect to other measurement tools, Oral Communication Strategy Inventory (OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 for Japanese learning English as a foreign language had a clear factor structure and it seemed less problematic. Thus, the purpose of this study was to adapt OCSI into Turkish. Our concern in the adaptation study of OCSI is to investigate whether oral communication strategies classified in OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 would also measure Turkish EFL students’ speaking strategy use.Within the scope of adaptation study, the inventory was translated to Turkish and evaluated with the method of back translation. The equivalence between English form and Turkish form, construct validity and internal consistency were examined. The research was conducted with 808 students studying English as a foreign language at ELT departments of three different universities and Anatolian High schools. Based on the findings concerning the reliability and validity studies, it can be concluded that the classification of the original form of OCSI differs from the adapted version to some extent in that the Turkish form is made up of seven factors in contrast to the original inventory consisting of eight factors. Non verbal strategies which existed in Nakatani’s original inventory did not appear in the adaptation form. Instead, the items that consist of nonverbal strategies gave loadings to negotiation for meaning strategies, which implies that the purpose of the interlocutors while using one strategy may be culture specific.

Mehtap Kavaso?lu

2013-10-01

330

Effectiveness of Tablet PCs in the Classroom: A Turkish Case  

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Full Text Available Due to their innovative features, tablet PCs have rapidly taken their places in the classrooms as the potential instructional tools that may address some problems associated with traditional lecture-based pedagogy. The purpose of this case study is to investigate to what extend the use of tablet PC facilitates instructional processes in the classroom and to what extend it affects students’ performance expectancy, effort expectancy, attitude and behavioral intention. A qualitative approach was used to analyze the data. A total of 32 traditional-aged sophomore students at a teacher training program from a north-western Turkish university participated in the study. It was found that the students’ performance expectancies, effort expectancies and attitudes toward the use of tablet PCs in education were not high. However, though the students had unpleasant experiences with tablet PCs in the instruction they were not pessimistic about using tablet PCs outside of the classroom.

Ylhan VARANK

2014-09-01

331

Implementability of Instructional Supervision as a Contemporary Educational Supervision Model in Turkish Education System  

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Full Text Available In this study, implementability of instructional supervision as one of contemporary educational supervision models in Turkish Education System was evaluated. Instructional supervision which aims to develop instructional processes and increase the quality of student learning based on observation of classroom activities requires collaboration among supervisors and teachers. In this literature review, significant problems have been detected due to structural organization, structural and control-oriented supervision rather than guidance and counseling, conflicting supervisor roles, workload and inadequate time for supervision, standard assessment forms, professional incompetencies and negative attitudes of supervisors within the context of supervision subsystem of Turkish education system.

Hasan Basri Memduho?lu

2012-01-01

332

Prevalence and Severity of Asthma, Rhinitis, and Atopic Eczema in 13- to 14-Year-Old Schoolchildren from Southern Brazil  

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Full Text Available Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema in schoolchildren from southern Brazil. A cross-sectional study was carried out with the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood phase III written questionnaire. The questionnaire was self-applied by 2,948 randomly selected schoolchildren aged 13 to 14 years. The lifetime prevalence rates of symptoms were as follows: wheezing, 40.8%; rhinitis, 40.7%; eczema, 13.6%; self-reported asthma, 14.6%; rhinitis, 31.4%; eczema, 13.4%. Rhinitis was reported by 55% of adolescents with current asthma (60% females vs 46.9% males. Girls 13 to 14 years of age had higher prevalence rates of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema than boys had. Atopic eczema was reported by 42.7% of girls and 31.4% of boys with asthma. The prevalence rates were statistically significant for symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema in females. However, there were no statistically significant differences between the sexes in regard to reported asthma and bronchospasm induced by exercise.

Neto Arnaldo

2006-03-01

333

Peak growth velocity of height, body mass and subcutaneous fat in 10 to 14-year-old boys and girls  

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Full Text Available O pico de velocidade em crescimento, mais especificamente em estatura, é o indicador de maturação somática mais comumente utilizado em estudos longitudinais em adolescentes, Os objetivos deste estudo foram: a descrever o momento e a magnitude dos picos de velocidade em estatura (PVE, em massa corporal (PVMC e no somatório de dobras cutâneas tricipital e subescapular (PVDC em um grupo de meninos e meninas, acompanhados dos 10 aos 14 anos de idade, b comparar estas variáveis entre os sexos, e c relacionar o momento dos picos de velocidade das três variáveis. Os sujeitos do estudo foram 70 escolares (35 meninos e 35 meninas, acompanhados dos 10 aos 14 anos de idade. Os resultados demonstraram que o pico de velocidade, nas três variáveis, ocorreu, em média, dos 12 para os 13 anos nos meninos e dois anos antes nas meninas, e a magnitude média dos picos de velocidade apresentou diferenças entre os sexos apenas no PVDC, sendo favorável às meninas. O período em que ocorreram o PVE, o PVMC, e o PVDC não apresentou correlação signifi cativa. Contudo, as análises individuais demonstraram que na maioria dos indivíduos o PVE e o PVDC aconteceram no mesmo período ou com o PVDC ocorrendo um ano após o PVE. Frente a estes resultados, conclui-se que em termos médios, o PVE, o PVMC ocorrem cerca de dois anos antes nas meninas, havendo diferença entre os sexos na magnitude apenas da gordura subcutânea. Além disto, conclui-se que existe grande variabilidade individual no período em que os picos de velocidade em EST, MC e DC ocorrem durante a adolescência, mas a maioria dos indivíduos apresenta os PVE e PVDC em períodos muito próximos. ABSTRACT Peak growth velocity, especially of height (PHV, is the most used indicator of somatic maturity in longitudinal studies of adolescents. The objectives of this study were: a to describe the time and magnitude of the peak height velocity (PHV, the peak weight velocity (PWV, and the peak subcutaneous fat velocity (PSFV of a group of boys and girls followed from 10 to 14 years of age, b to compare these variables between sexes, and c to relate the time and magnitude of the three peaks with each other. The study sample was made up of 70 schoolchildren (35 boys and 35 girls who were followed from age 10 to age 14. The results demonstrated that the peak growth velocity of the three variables occurred at 12 to 13 years old among the boys, and two years earlier among the girls. Only the magnitude of PSFV exhibited signifi cant difference, with the girls having higher values. The periods during which PHV, PWV, and PSFV occurred, did not present any significant correlations with each other. Nevertheless, the individual analyses indicated that, in a large proportion of the subjects, peak velocities occurred at the same time, or PSFV occurred one year later than PHV. Based on these results, we conclude that PHV, PWV, and PSFV occur about two years earlier among girls, with a significant difference between the sexes in terms of the magnitude of peak velocity only existing for PSFV. Moreover, we conclude that there is great individual variability at the period that PHV, PWV and PSFV occur during adolescence, but that the greater part of the sample exhibited PHV and PSFV very close together.

Alexandre Carriconde Marques

2007-12-01

334

Prevalence and Predictors of Drooling in 7- to 14-Year-Old Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Population Study  

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Aim: To establish a prevalence estimate for drooling and explore factors associated with drooling in a population sample of children with cerebral palsy (CP) aged 7 to 14 years living in Victoria, Australia. Method: A self-report questionnaire was used to collect data on drooling from parents of children born between 1996 and 2001, and registered…

Reid, Susan M.; McCutcheon, Jennifer; Reddihough, Dinah S.; Johnson, Hilary

2012-01-01

335

Distinct Discrimination Learning Strategies and Their Relation with Spatial Memory and Attentional Control in 4- to 14-Year-Olds  

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Behavioral, psychophysiological, and neuropsychological studies have revealed large developmental differences in various learning paradigms where learning from positive and negative feedback is essential. The differences are possibly due to the use of distinct strategies that may be related to spatial working memory and attentional control. In…

Schmittmann, Verena D.; van der Maas, Han L. J.; Raijmakers, Maartje E. J.

2012-01-01

336

ECONOMIC ETHIC IN TURKISH PROVERBS  

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Full Text Available Economic ethic means sum of motifs and suggestions for the practical value and the preferred size in the regulating the daily lives of people. In this study that examines whether the attitude of economic ethic in proverbs, it has been argued in this study that proverbs have been inculcate an economic ethic to the Turkish society and proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism have not been consist of understanding of “a cardigan, a bite” (bir lokma, bir h?rka. Economic ethic that express an attitude against the world in the conceptual basis, on hand, is ascetism and fasting against leave from the path of God of goods of world on the other hand, is seeking of balance between for acquisition of property and maintaining a modest life as indispensable means. Individual in the economic ethic is in an effort to reconcile these two different poles relating to goods in the world. While forming the boundaries of this study proverbs that used in Turkey Turkish in the context of economic ethic, economic ethic in proverbs refers to properties such as halal earnings, frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence. It is possible to specify culture that inculcates accumulation and savings, it has been influence past experience such as hunger, famine and a religion that order to work in the forming of codes of historical and social meaning. Additionally it has been influence of seeking of balance of Sufi culture in the attitude against world and ethic in the proverbs. As a result, it refers to properties such as halal earnings frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence, proverbs in Turkey Turkish and it has not been with one-dimension of proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism.

Abdullah ÖZBOLAT

2012-12-01

337

The Adaptation of The Industrial Chemistry Classroom Learning Environment Scale into Turkish  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to adapt Industrial Chemistry Classroom Learning Environment Inventory instrument into Turkish. Firstly permission from the developers of the instrument was sought. Thereafter, the items of the instrument were translated into Turkish. The translation validity of the scale was examined by referring to the views of English and Turkish language experts. Once the final form of the scale had been derived, an English language expert translated the items of the scale from Turkish to English. The results obtained from this translation indicated that the Turkish scale closely approximated the original English scale. Thus the translation and language validity of the instrument had been insured. Regarding the content validity of the scale, chemistry teachers were asked to examine the scale. Besides the scale was administered to the 416 high school students and several reliability analyses have been conducted such as Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient (.78, Sperman Brown coefficient of correlation (.68 and Guttman split- half reliability coefficient (.64. According to these findings, Industrial Chemistry Classroom Learning Environment Inventory is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used in the concerned courses.

Cemal TOSUN

2009-08-01

338

The Turkish Version of the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised  

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Full Text Available The mindfulness approach to psychotherapy has become a topic of continuously growing scientific interest. In accordance with such interest, various self-report assessment tools have been developed to measure the mindfulness construct. The majority of the studies conducted to investigate the properties of these assessment instruments included Western populations. Thus, the measurement of mindfulness in non-Western cultures still requires further research. Based on this premise, the psychometric properties of the 10 item Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R were investigated in two different studies using two non-clinical Turkish samples. In Study 1, the psychometric properties of the 10 item CAMS-R were examined in an undergraduate student sample (N = 265. Study 2 extended the examination of the psychometric properties of the CAMS-R to an adult community sample consisting of white-collar public employees (N = 88. The results of both studies showed that the Turkish CAMS-R possessed acceptable levels of internal consistency and the scale displayed convergent as well as concurrent validity. Statistically meaningful relationships were found between mindfulness as measures by Turkish CAMS-R and depression, anxiety, well-being as well as perceived stress. The findings from both studies suggest CAMS-R retains its psychometric properties when utilized in a non-Western culture and the Turkish version of CAMS-R is a valid instrument which can be used to measure mindfulness in the Turkish population.

Pelin D. Catak

2012-11-01

339

OPINIONS OF TURKISH TEACHERS ABOUT MEASUREMENT- ASSESSMENT APPROACH OF RENEWED TURKISH EDUCATION PROGRAMMES  

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Full Text Available This study aims at finding out the opinions of Turkish teachers about measurement-assessment approach on renewed Turkish Education Programmes. This research was carried out in 2007 fall semester with 20 primary school teachers of Turkish in Artvin city center. In this research, qualitative research methodology has been used. Firstly, a 20-minute interview on new measurement–assessment approach has been applied to two randomly selected Turkish teachers. According to data that were collected from the interviews, a semi-structured interview form has been developed. This interview form has been implemented on 20 teachers of Turkish. The results of study have revealed that teachers of Turkish have positive perceptions about the new measurement–assessment approach. However, the study has revealed that teachers do not apply any new measurement–assessment activities efficiently because of the high cost, insufficient time, insufficient knowledge.

Mustafa MET?N

2009-11-01

340

Acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early childhood  

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In this empirical study focuses on acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early childhood. The population of the study includes bilingual children at the age of 5 – 6 living in Antalya/Turkey. The sampling of the study consisted of 40 Russian-Turkish bilingual children in total (20 children are for control group and 20 children are for experiment group). During the collection of data have been used Descoeudres Dictionary Test (DDT) and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Tes...

Zeliha Yaz?c?; Begümhan Yüksel; Münevver Can Ya?ar

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Türkçe Dersinde “Tablet Pc Pilot Uygulamas?”Yla Ö?retim Gören Ö?rencilerin Tutumlar?n? Belirlemeye Yönelik Ölçek Çal??mas? A Scale Study that Determines the Attitudes of the Students Who Study by "Pilot Application Of Tablet Pc” in Turkish Lesson  

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Full Text Available In this study, it has been aimed to develop a valid and reliableattitude scale to determine first grade Primary school students'attitudes towards the use of tablet book in Turkish Language Teachingcourse . The scale was created by scanning field method on the basisof the expert opinions 20 items as a 5-point Likert-type which isdetermining the attitudes of the students towards the use of technologyproduct ( tablet pc in Turkish lesson take place in the draft scale. Thedraft scale applied on the two pilot elementary schools ’ 114 fifthgrade students studying in U?ak Ya?ar Akar Primary School and BingölFatih Primary School ; and the validity and reliability studies have beencarried out. Content validity of the scale were based on expert opinion.As a result of factor analysis for construct validity, a tree sub-dimensionscale describing the total variance of 59.92% percent between factorloadings .59 - .82 and consisting of 15 items were obtained. The itemsof scale include 10 positive and 5 negative expressions. The scale valueof Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin was found 81, Bartlett test of significance valuewas found .00 and the internal consistency coefficient of Cronbachalphawas found .84. In this sense, the lack of scale as a result of workdone in the field of Turkish seen as a shortcoming. This context theProject is implelemented in scools considered to contribute to the fieldscale was created from the data obtained. In addition, the use oftechnology for Turkish language course will be useful to conduct moredetailed studies are emerging. Bu ara?t?rmada, ?lkö?retim birinci kademe ö?rencilerinin Tablet kitab?n Türkçe dersinde kullan?lmas?na yönelik tutumlar?n? belirlemek için geçerli ve güvenilir bir tutum ölçe?i geli?tirilmesi amaçlanm??t?r. 20 maddeden olu?an 5’li likert tipi taslak ölçek, alan taramas? yap?larak ve uzman görü?leri al?narak olu?turulmu?tur. Ölçekte, ö?rencilerin Türkçe dersinde teknoloji ürünü (tablet pc kullan?m?na yönelik tutumlar?n? belirlemeye yarayan maddeler yer almaktad?r. Taslak ölçek FAT?H projesi kapsam?nda pilot bölge olarak seçilen U?ak ?l Merkezi Ya?ar Akar ?lkö?retim Okulu ile Bingöl ?l Merkezi ?MKB Fatih ?lkö?retim Okulu I. kademe 5. s?n?fta okuyan ö?rencilerden 114 ö?renciye uygulan?p, ölçe?in geçerlik ve güvenirlik çal??malar? yap?lm??t?r. Ölçe?in kapsam geçerlili?i uzman görü?leri al?narak sa?lanm??t?r. Yap? geçerlili?i için yap?lan faktör analizi sonucunda tutumlar? ölçmeyen 5 madde ç?kar?l?p 15 maddeden olu?an ve faktör yükleri .59-.82 aras?nda, toplam varyans?n % 60’?n? aç?klayan üç alt boyutu kapsayan bir ölçek elde edilmi?tir. Ölçek maddelerinin 10 tanesi olumlu, 5 tanesi olumsuz ifade içermektedir. Ölçe?in Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin de?eri .81, Bartlett testi anlaml?l?k de?eri .00 ve Cronbach-alpha iç tutarl?l?k katsay?s?n?n ise .84 oldu?u bulunmu?tur. Yap?lan ara?t?rmalar sonucunda, Türkçe dersi alan?nda, bu anlamda bir ölçe?in olmamas? bir eksiklik olarak görülmü?tür. Bu ba?lamda projenin uyguland??? okullardan elde edilen verilerden hareketle olu?turulan ölçe?in, alana katk? sa?layaca?? dü?ünülmektedir. Bunun yan?nda Türkçe dersinde teknolojinin kullan?lmas?na yönelik daha detayl? çal??malar?n yap?lmas?n?n da yararl? olaca?? gerçe?i ortaya ç?kmaktad?r.

Süleyman BALCI

2013-03-01

342

Turkish health professional's attitude toward euthanasia.  

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The cross-sectional study was administrated between April and September 2006. Participants are doctors, nurses, and midwives. Between these dates we met only 750 health staff (doctor, nurse, and midwife). Six hundred thirty-two of them responded to our questionnaire, 122 of them were in Manisa city, and 510 of them in Erciyes. We sought to identify variables that contribute to euthanasia attitude, including demographics, in order to demonstrate Turkish doctors', nurses', and midwives' attitudes toward euthanasia and to compare their attitudes in this regard. The data was collected by a two-part questionnaire. The first part included questions about the health personnel; the second part comprised the euthanasia (Medical Staffs Attitude toward Euthanasia) scale. The scale was developed by the researcher to measure the attitude of healthy staff euthanasia. The SPSS was used to analyze the data. Student t-test, ANOVA, Mann Whitney U, and Kruskal Wallis were used to evaluate the data. Thep value 0.05 (95% confidence interval) was accepted as significant. In our study, professional groups are compared with all the factors but there is a significant difference only between social cost and professional groups. PMID:18507328

Karadeniz, Gülten; Yanikkerem, Emre; Pirinçci, Edibe; Erdem, Ramazan; Esen, Aynur; Kitapçio?lu, Gül

2008-01-01

343

Students' Science Process Skills within a Cognitive Domain Framework  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate Turkish primary students' scientific process skills under the theoretical framework of cognitive domain. The sample set consisted of 306 sixth and seventh grade students from public, private, and bussed schools. The Turkish Integrated Process Skill Test was used to measure scientific process skills, and…

Ozgelen, Sinan

2012-01-01

344

The Turkish Adaptation of Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale: The Validity and Reliability Study  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to adapt the Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale (ITIS by Abd-El-Fattah and Yates (2006 to Turkish and to investigate its psychometric properties. The study was conducted on four different samples which consisted of 689 students who studied different subjects at the Ziya Gokalp Faculty of Education, Dicle University, during the Fall Term of the 2012-2013 Academic Year. The findings on the linguistic equivalence indicated that the correlation between the items included in the Turkish and original form varied between .81 and .96. The factor analysis concluded that the Turkish version had a two-factor structure in parallel with the original one. As for the concurrent validity, the calculation of correlation between the ITIS and AGOS reported findings similar to the ones in the literature. The reliability coefficients were over .70 for both the entity theory and incremental theory. The item analysis reported that the corrected item total correlations ranged from .33 and .63 and the differences between the top and bottom 27% groups were significant for all the items included in the scale. All these findings suggest that the Turkish version of the ITIS is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used to measure university students’ beliefs about intelligence.

Mustafa ?LHAN

2013-06-01

345

Learning Styles Of The Turkish Teaching Students ( TÜRKÇE E??T?M? BÖLÜMÜ Ö?RENC?LER?N?N Ö?RENME ST?LLER? VE BUNLARIN ÇE??TL? DE???KENLERLE ?L??K?S?: GAZ? ÜN?VERS?TES? ÖRNE??  

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Full Text Available ÖzetBu çal??mada, her seviyedeki ö?rencilerin bireysel farkl?l?klar?na ba?l? olarak farkl? ö?renme biçimleri oldu?u dü?üncesinden hareketle, Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n ö?renme stillerini ve bunlar?n, ö?rencilerin ö?renim alanlar?, cinsiyetleri ve mezun olduklar? liseyle olan ili?kisini tespit etmek amaçlanm??t?r. Ayr?ca çal??mada Kolb taraf?ndan ortaya konulan ve ö?rencilerin bireysel ö?renme farkl?l?klar?na (ö?renme stillerine dayanan ya?ant?ya dayal? (deneyime dayal? ö?renme modeli incelenmi?tir. Ara?t?rma, Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi E?itim Fakültesi Türkçe E?itimi Bölümünde ö?renim gören 200 ö?renci üzerinde gerçekle?tirilmi?tir. Ara?t?rmada, ö?retmen adaylar?n?n ö?renme stillerinin belirlenmesi için Kolb Ö?renme Stili Envanteri ve ö?rencilerin ki?isel bilgilerini edinmek için de bu envantere eklenmi? ki?isel bilgi formu uygulanm??t?r. Elde edilen veriler do?rultusunda yap?lan frekans analizi ve Kay-Kare (chi square istatistiksel i?lemleri sonucunda, Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n ço?unlu?unun ayr??t?r?c? ve özümseyici ö?renme stillerine sahip olduklar?, bu ö?rencilerin ö?renme stillerinin onlar?n cinsiyetleri ve lisedeki ö?renim türleriyle anlaml? bir ili?ki göstermedi?i; mezun olduklar? liseyle ö?renme stilleri aras?nda anlaml? bir ili?ki oldu?u tespit edilmi?tir.AbstractIn this study, the aim has been to learn the learning styles of candidate Turkish teachers and the relationship between these learning styles and the schooling and sexes of these students bearing in mind the fact that students have different learning styles in all levels due to their individual differences the experimental learning style which was stated by Kolb and which is based on students’ individual learning differences has been studied. The study was carried out among 200 students who are attending Gazi Faculty of Education, Department of Turkish Teaching. In the study, Kolb Learning Styles Inventory and some survey questions added to this inventory were used to determine the learning styles of the candidate teachers. As a result of frequency and chi square analysis carried out with the data obtained, it was found out a majority of candidate turkish teachers had convergers and assimilators learning styles. There wasn’t a significant relationship between the learning styles of these students and their sex and high school education. However, it was found out that there was a meaningful relationship between the high school they graduated from and their learning styles.

Tazegül DEM?R

2008-08-01

346

ATTITUDES AND OPINIONS OF PRE-SERVICE TURKISH TEACHER TOWARDS READING (TÜRKÇE Ö?RETMEN ADAYLARININ OKUMAYA ?L??K?N TUTUM VE GÖRÜ?LER?)  

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The purpose of this study is to determine the reading habits and their attitudes towards reading of Pre-service Turkish teachers at Turkish Language Department based on their genders. 139 girls and 122 boys – totally 261 students have been attended and have been asked about their opinions in this study. The six determined sub-headings of reading have been assessed. Any meaningfull difference between girls and boys have not been obtained related to the usefulness sub-headings dimension of re...

Yalinkilic?, Kadir

2007-01-01

347

INSIDE CONTEMPORARY TURKISH LITERATURE: CONCERNS, REFERENCES AND THEMES  

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Full Text Available This general critical inquiry into contemporary Turkishliterature is inclusive rather than exhaustive and focuses on a numberof concerns, themes and repeated references to Turkish socialrelations. After noting earlier developments in Turkish literature, thisarticle then proceeds to examine these repeated references, themes andconcerns of modern Turkish authors, poets and dramatists and theirtexts. Turks in other literature is another topic for consideration,followed by a final section that concludes with the referencing ofmodern Turkish literature.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ramazan GÜLENDAM

2008-09-01

348

E-Learning Turkish Language and Grammar: Analyzing Learners' Behavior  

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This study analyses the behavior and the preferences of the Greek learners of Turkish language, who use a particular e-learning website in parallel with their studies, namely: http://turkish.pgeorgalas.gr. The website offers free online material in Greek and English language for learning the Turkish language and grammar. The traffic of several…

Georgalas, Panagiotis

2012-01-01

349

COMPOUND SENTENCES WITHOUT K? IN IRAQI TURKMAN TURKISH  

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Full Text Available Compound sentences with ki has found way to Turkish by foreign languages during Uygur and Ancient Anatolian Turkish periods. Although compound sentences with ki are used in Iraqi Turkman Turkish, these are much using without ki, in the same way as it was with ki.

Suzan TOKATLI

2012-04-01

350

An analysis of English language teaching coursebooks by Turkish writers: "Let’s speak English 7" example  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

It is known that English language coursebooks written by Turkish writers is widely used in Turkey although much research is needed to assess their quality as educational materials. In this research study, opinions of 7th grade students’ and teachers’ on Let’s Speak English 7 were studied through teacher and student questionnaires containing Likert-scale items, and an open-ended item for the teachers. Among 130 participants, 50 were English teachers 80 were seventh grade students studyin...

Serpil Tekir; Arda Ar?kan

2007-01-01

351

The reliability and validity of Self Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH in a Turkish sample  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the reliability and validity of Self Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH in a Turkish sample. Methods: The scale items were translated into Turkish by the researchers and three specialists who have good knowledge of both languages. The scale was translated back by two specialists, and experts opinions from different fields were consulted on the properness of the phrases. The scale was pre-administered to 40 university students. The scale was administered to a group of 299 university students so as to obtain results on validity and reliability, and to a group of 202 university students so as to find out the concurrent validity. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA were conducted to determine and confirm the structure of the scale. The scale was administered to a group of 40 university students over a three weeks interval for test-retest reliability of the scale. Results: EFA and CFA showed that the items had a two-factor structure in Turkish culture. It was found out that factor loading of the 23 items ranged between 0.533 and 0.771; item-total correlation ranged between 0.445 and 0.754. Internal consistency coefficient (Cronbach’s alpha of the whole scale was found out to be 0.90, coefficient of stability 0.82, concurrent validity 0.71. Conclusion: The results of this study show that the Turkish version of SSOSH is a reliable and valid scale for the assessment of self-stigma of seeking help on university student population.

sevgi sezer

2013-01-01

352

Study of Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Core Bereavement Items Research Article  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Core Bereavement Items (CBI that assess the intensities of the bereavement reaction of bereaved individuals. Methods: The study involved 50 bereaved subjects who had lost a loved one through death within the past two months and 50 unbereaved subjects who had not experience such a loss within the past 5 years or more prior to the test. Internal consistency and homogeneity were tested by the Cronbach’s and Pearson’s correlation coefficients. The student’s t-test and Pearson’s correlation coefficient were used for rest-retest reliability. Validity was assessed with the student’s t-test in independent groups.Results: Psychometric analyses showed that the Turkish version of the CBI had a high internal consistency (a=0.94. As for internal consistency, the • ranged between 0.46 and 0.87 for each item. The items of the CBI discriminated the bereaved group from the unbereaved group, except for items 4, 8, 9, 10.Conclusion: The Turkish version of the CBI has appropriate reliability and validity for assessing the intensity of bereavement. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2011; 48: 129-34

Yavuz Selvi

2011-06-01

353

Turkish Adaptation of Motor Activity Log-28  

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Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of the work reported here was to provide a practical model for translation and cultural adaptation of a rehabilitation test instrument, while carrying out the Turkish adaptation of Motor Activity Log-28 (MAL-28. We translated the MAL-28 into Turkish in a manner that would allow the work carried out with Turkish speaking patients to be compared directly with the published studies using this instrument, which have mainly had English speaking subjects.Materials and Methods: The translation and cultural adaptation were carried out according to the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research guideline (ISPOR using the following steps: forward translation, reconciliation, back translation, back translation review, harmonization, cognitive debriefing, review of cognitive debriefing test results and finalization. The participants were thirteen eligible patients chosen from a total of 21 post-stroke patients. Results: Twenty-two of the 28 items were identical in the three forward translations, while six required minor modifications to make them appropriate for use in Turkish-speaking patients.Conclusion: A practical model for translation and cultural adaptation of the MAL-28 into Turkish was employed. The translated and adapted test proved to be easily understood by the patients and interviewer. Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2010;56:1-5.

Engin Çakar

2010-03-01

354

An analysis of textbooks on the Turkish language for 5thgrades in terms of critical thinking  

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Full Text Available This study was conducted with the aim to determine to what extent 5th grade Turkish text books included critical thinking strategies. In the study, it was examined whether course books included 5 dimensions of cognitive strategies or not. In this study, qualitative and quantitative research designs were used together. Document review was used as qualitative data collection method and 22 texts in 5th Grade Turkish text books published by Ministry of National Education and a private publishing house taught in Province of Sakarya were reviewed. This data collection tool developed was applied to the texts in accordance with the concepts determined by three individual researchers and checking process of the concepts was performed. As a result of the research, it was concluded that the texts in 5th grade Turkish text books prepared by National Education Publishing House included the strategies for developing critical thinking skills of students more than the texts in 5th grade Turkish course books prepared by the private publishing house. In addition, it was seen that both National Education Publishing House and private publishing house did not include the critical t hinking dimensions to the required extent.

Mehmet Razgatl?o?lu

2013-02-01

355

Turkish Version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS- 42: Psychometric Properties  

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Full Text Available Objective: This study explores the reliability, the construct and convergent validity of the Turkish version of the DASS-42.Methods: The Turkish-language version of the DASS-42 was administered to a non-clinical sample, broadly representative of a university student population (N=1102 in terms of demographic variables. Competing models of the latent structure of the DASS were derived from theoretical and empirical sources and evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis. The convergent validity of the scale was examined by correlating it with the previously validated and frequently used Turkish version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: The best fitting model of the latent structure of the DASS consisted of three correlated factors corresponding to the depression, anxiety, and stress scales. The reliability of the DASS was excellent and the measure possessed adequate convergent validity.Conclusion: The Turkish version of the DASS-42 is a reliable and valid measure of the constructs it was intended to assess. This measure was found useful for evaluating depression, anxiety, and stress in non-clinical population. Further studies are needed to study the utility of this measure in psychiatric patients. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2010; 47: 118-26

Nazan Bilgel

2010-06-01

356

CLASSROOM TEACHER’S PERSPECTIVES ABOUT USING TECHNOLOGY IN TURKISH LESSONS  

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Full Text Available Using educational technologies in the classroom contributes to make thelessons interesting for students, to facilitate achieving the objectives ofthe lesson to prevent the waste of time and to maintain a permanentlearning. Although only printed media has been used in Turkish lessonsuntil quiet recently, using technological tools has become moreimportant with the renewed elementary school curriculum. But no matterhow much improvement occur in the field of educational technologies, itshouldn’t be forgotten that these tools are used by teachers. In this studyit’s aimed to define the classroom teacher’s perspectives about usingeducational technologies in Turkish lessons. The study was carried outwith the 30 classroom teachers in the centre of Ankara. Semi-structuredinterview forms were used to define the teacher’s perspectives. The datahas been analyzed through descriptive analysis and content analysistechniques. While three out of four teachers participated in this studythink that educational technologies should be used in Turkish lessons,one out of four teachers on the other hand think that it is unnecessary touse educational technologies in Turkish lessons. Furthermore, it isdetermined that they use educational technologies mostly in visualreading, visual presentation and listening and learning environments onthe other hand they use them in speaking and learning environments atleast.

Mehmet KATRANCI

2013-01-01

357

Intercultural Communication Skills among Prospective Turkish Teachers of German in the Context of the Comparative Country Knowledge Course  

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This study develops and provides a sample implementation of a seminar for the "Comparative Country Knowledge" course taught in the German Language Teaching departments of Turkish universities. The study was conducted with the participation of forty-seven 1st year students attending a German Language Teaching department. As part of the study,…

Basbagi, R. Ragip

2012-01-01

358

Discourse of Mobbing in Turkish Press  

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Full Text Available Mobbing (Psychological violence in working place has been researched especially by the scientists making researches in organizational communication for last 20-25 years. In Turkey, mobbing concept is a newer research field. In this study, how the news regarding mobbing has been given in Turkish press will be analyzed with Van Dijk?s discourse analysis.How the news regarding mobbing has taken place in Turkish press will be analyzed by applying Van Dijk?s discourse analysis. From the year of 1997 when the news related to the mobbing appeared to today, what kinds of differences happened in news discourses especially with taking place of mobbing in Turkish Criminal Law, will be analyzed.

Ece Karado?an Doruk

2011-07-01

359

Tagging and Morphological Disambiguation of Turkish Text  

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Automatic text tagging is an important component in higher level analysis of text corpora, and its output can be used in many natural language processing applications. In languages like Turkish or Finnish, with agglutinative morphology, morphological disambiguation is a very crucial process in tagging, as the structures of many lexical forms are morphologically ambiguous. This paper describes a POS tagger for Turkish text based on a full-scale two-level specification of Turkish morphology that is based on a lexicon of about 24,000 root words. This is augmented with a multi-word and idiomatic construct recognizer, and most importantly morphological disambiguator based on local neighborhood constraints, heuristics and limited amount of statistical information. The tagger also has functionality for statistics compilation and fine tuning of the morphological analyzer, such as logging erroneous morphological parses, commonly used roots, etc. Preliminary results indicate that the tagger can tag about 98-99\\% of the...

Oflazer, K; Oflazer, Kemal; Kuruoz, Ilker

1994-01-01

360

Modelling and forecasting Turkish residential electricity demand  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This research investigates the relationship between Turkish residential electricity consumption, household total final consumption expenditure and residential electricity prices by applying the structural time series model to annual data over the period from 1960 to 2008. Household total final consumption expenditure, real energy prices and an underlying energy demand trend are found to be important drivers of Turkish residential electricity demand with the estimated short run and the long run total final consumption expenditure elasticities being 0.38 and 1.57, respectively, and the estimated short run and long run price elasticities being -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. Moreover, the estimated underlying energy demand trend, (which, as far as is known, has not been investigated before for the Turkish residential sector) should be of some benefit to Turkish decision makers in terms of energy planning. It provides information about the impact of past policies, the influence of technical progress, the impacts of changes in consumer behaviour and the effects of changes in economic structure. Furthermore, based on the estimated equation, and different forecast assumptions, it is predicted that Turkish residential electricity demand will be somewhere between 48 and 80 TWh by 2020 compared to 40 TWh in 2008. - Research highlights: ? Estimated short run and long run expenditure elasticities of 0.38 and 1.57, respectively. ? Estimated short run and long run price elasticities of -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. ? Estimated UEDT has increasing (i.e. energy using) and decreasing (i.e. energy saving) periods. ? Predicted Turkish residential electricity demand between 48 and 80 TWh in 2020.

 
 
 
 
361

Burnout Levels of Teachers of Students with AD/HD in Turkey: Comparison with Teachers of Non-AD/HD Students  

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This study was designed to explore the difference between the burnout level of teachers of students with AD/HD and teachers of non-AD/HD students in Turkey. The Turkish version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory was administered to a total of 78 Turkish elementary school teachers. Overall findings revealed that there were no significant differences…

Ozdemir, Selda

2006-01-01

362

Beta thalassaemia mutations in Turkish Cypriots.  

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Using oligonucleotide hybridisation or restriction endonuclease analysis, we have characterised the molecular defect in 94 patients with thalassaemia major and four with thalassaemia intermedia of Turkish Cypriot descent. We found that four mutations, namely beta+ IVS-1 nt 110, beta zero IVS-1 nt, beta+ IVS-1 nt 6, and beta+ IVS-2 nt 745 were prevalent, accounting for 69.9%, 11.7%, 8.7%, and 5.6% respectively of the beta thalassaemia chromosomes. This information may help in the organisation of a large scale prevention programme based on fetal diagnosis of beta thalassaemia by DNA analysis in the Turkish population. PMID:3236356

Sozuoz, A; Berkalp, A; Figus, A; Loi, A; Pirastu, M; Cao, A

1988-11-01

363

Acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early childhood  

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Full Text Available In this empirical study focuses on acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early childhood. The population of the study includes bilingual children at the age of 5 – 6 living in Antalya/Turkey. The sampling of the study consisted of 40 Russian-Turkish bilingual children in total (20 children are for control group and 20 children are for experiment group. During the collection of data have been used Descoeudres Dictionary Test (DDT and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT. Both of the groups were applied pre test and post test. Language – Focused Curriculum (LFC was applied to experiment group for 16 weeks. Two factor ANOVA and t test were used in the analyses of data. As a conclusion, it was understood that LFC is effective at developing Turkish receptive and expressive language of bilingual children.

Zeliha Yaz?c?

2010-03-01

364

Turkish Children's Drawing of Nature in a Certain Way: Range of Mountains in the Back, the Sun, Couple of Clouds, a River Rising from the Mountains  

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This study reveals that Turkish kindergarten through 8th Grade (K-8) students draw nature pictures in a certain way; range of mountains in the background, a sun, a couple of clouds, a river rising from the mountains. There are similarities in the K-8 students' nature drawings in the way these nature items are organized on a drawing paper. We…

Ulker, Riza

2012-01-01

365

Turkish Compulsory Earthquake Insurance (TCIP)  

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Through a World Bank project a government-sponsored Turkish Catastrophic Insurance Pool (TCIP) is created in 2000 with the essential aim of transferring the government's financial burden of replacing earthquake-damaged housing to international reinsurance and capital markets. Providing coverage to about 2.9 Million homeowners TCIP is the largest insurance program in the country with about 0.5 Billion USD in its own reserves and about 2.3 Billion USD in total claims paying capacity. The total payment for earthquake damage since 2000 (mostly small, 226 earthquakes) amounts to about 13 Million USD. The country-wide penetration rate is about 22%, highest in the Marmara region (30%) and lowest in the south-east Turkey (9%). TCIP is the sole-source provider of earthquake loss coverage up to 90,000 USD per house. The annual premium, categorized on the basis of earthquake zones type of structure, is about US90 for a 100 square meter reinforced concrete building in the most hazardous zone with 2% deductible. The earthquake engineering related shortcomings of the TCIP is exemplified by fact that the average rate of 0.13% (for reinforced concrete buildings) with only 2% deductible is rather low compared to countries with similar earthquake exposure. From an earthquake engineering point of view the risk underwriting (Typification of housing units to be insured, earthquake intensity zonation and the sum insured) of the TCIP needs to be overhauled. Especially for large cities, models can be developed where its expected earthquake performance (and consequently the insurance premium) can be can be assessed on the basis of the location of the unit (microzoned earthquake hazard) and basic structural attributes (earthquake vulnerability relationships). With such an approach, in the future the TCIP can contribute to the control of construction through differentiation of premia on the basis of earthquake vulnerability.

Erdik, M.; Durukal, E.; Sesetyan, K.

2009-04-01

366

The Adaptation of the Adolescent Food Habit Checklist to the Turkish Adolescents.  

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Full Text Available Background: Adolescent Food Habit Checklist (AFHC is an instrument designed to measure eating behaviours of adolescents. The aim of the study was to adapt AFHC for the Turkish cultural settings and evaluate its? reliability and construct validity. Methods: Forward and backward translations were carried out and Turkish version of the AFHC was generated. AFHC was administered to 347 students attending second grade primary school. Validity and reliability analyses were used for the assessment of the study data. Results: Four item with the inter-item correlation below 0,2 was eliminated from Turkish version of AFHC. The final instrument consist of 19 items, evaluating consumption of sugar (4 item, fat (6 item, fruit-vegetable (6 item, carbohydrate and fast food (2 item and general diet (1 item. The inter-item correlation of these items were between 0,21 and 0,46. The instrument was internally consistent, with Cronbach's alpha-coefficients of 0,718. There was positive correlation with test-retest reliability ( r=0.854; p<0.001. AFHC scale score of obese, overweight adolescents were (8,74±4,03 lower than normal weight (10,53±3,39 adolescents ( p=0.003. Boys (9.22±3.46 had lower scale scores than girls (11.18±3.42 ( p<0.001 demonstrating construct validity. Conclusions: The Turkish version of AFHC questionnaire is reliable and valid measure evaluating Turkish adolescents eating behaviours. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(1.000: 49-56

Inci Arikan

2012-02-01

367

Curriculum Innovation in Turkish Primary Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes how Turkish teachers of English in state primary education approach the implementation of a Communicative-Oriented Curriculum innovation and factors that impact on teachers' classroom practices. Using multidimensional research procedures, including a questionnaire, observations and teacher interviews, a picture has been…

Kirkgoz, Yasemin

2008-01-01

368

AN EVALUATION ABOUT COMPARATIVE TURKISH DIALECTS DICTIONARY  

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Full Text Available After the Divanu Lughati't-Türk of Ka?garl? operation of the first comparative dictionary is studying of Radloff Op?t Slovarya Tyurkskih Nareçiy (Trial of Turkish Dialects Dictionary. The first comparative dictionary work done in Turkey Hüseyin Kaz?m Kadri, at 1927 the first two volumes of the work of Turk Lugati and in the other two volumes published in the 1940s. Although very essential for Turkey and Turkish world there has not been a comparative dictionary study in Turkey until 1991.At 1991 the disintegration of the Soviet Union and after the establishment of the new Turkish republics a Comparative Dictionary of Turkish Dialects hastily prepared by the Ministry of Culture. There are lots of missing from preparation technique of this dictionary to content. This glossary is intended to provide a basis for scientific studies made in Turkey with a new dictionary to be prepared for the new pressures and detect any flaws and is important to consider in the dictionary.

Hikmet KORA?

2013-04-01

369

Conflict Management Styles of Turkish Managers  

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Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine Turkish managers conflict styles in different sectors, namely durable consumer goods, aviation, automotive and banking. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 130 managers conflict management styles were assessed by applying the Rahim's 1983 Organizational Conflict Inventory-II. Findings: First,…

Ozkalp, Enver; Sungur, Zerrin; Ozdemir, Aytul Ayse

2009-01-01

370

Elite theory applied to contemporary Turkish society  

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Full Text Available This study aims to analyse, the general power structure of Turkish society. On a general basis “Elite Theory” was used in this study to understand, to examine and to explain the power structure of Turkish society. Elite theory highlights power, control and influence for examining it’s subject and there are various elite theories within this context, such as elitist elite theory, pluralist elite theory, democratic elite theory, demo-elite perspective and the corporatist perspective. Specifically, this paper examined Turkish elites using democratic elite theory, but emphasised “the demo-elite perspective” within democratic elite theory. However, to some degree, it profited from other elite theories, such as the pluralist perspective and the corporatist perspective. In accordance with the pluralists views one could argue that, power has been diffused and fragmented among many people or elite groups which together participate in the decision-making process in contemporary Turkish society. Nevertheless, decisive and effective power (parallel with the main thesis of the elitist view has been concentrated and centralised in the hands of the small number of elite groups which are the most powerful in the national power structure.

Ali Arslan

2005-08-01

371

Report on the Turkish energy sector  

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The government of Turkey has made a concerted effort to expand cooperation with energy-rich CIS countries, the Russian Federation, the Middle East and African countries in order to meet its growing energy demands. As an industrializing country with expanding energy-intensive industries, energy demand in Turkey is expected to double by the year 2010. To meet this demand, it is estimated that a total investment of $45 billion U.S. will be needed for power production facilities alone, and an additional $10 billion U.S. will be required for transmission and distribution facilities. The Turkish government is giving high priority to pipeline projects, as well as thermal (mostly gas-fired) and hydro electric power producing projects. The government also plans to add nuclear power to its generating capacity, even though the first nuclear power plant project is currently on hold. Foreign technology and capital is needed in order to address the problem of the energy deficit and save the Turkish economy from power shortages. It was noted that the success of the Turkish market will depend on the capabilities of investors to raise the required project financing. Several Canadian companies have participated in energy development projects in Turkey as consultants, engineers, equipment suppliers and contractors and have acquired a favourable image in the Turkish market. Real opportunities exist for Canadian companies to partner with local companies in the services for oilfield development, pipeline construction and power generation. The key for long term success for Canadian firms in the Turkish market will be to demonstrate a local presence and ensure effective monitoring of opportunities in project development

372

THE EFFECTS OF JIGSAW-IV TECHNIQUE ON THE FOREIGN STUDENTS LEARNING THE BASIC TENSES IN TURKISH - JIGSAW-IV TEKN???N?N YABANCI Ö?RENC?LER?N TÜRKÇEDEK? TEMEL ZAMANLARI Ö?RENMELER? ÜZER?NDEK? ETK?S?  

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Full Text Available This study has been conducted with the aim of identifying the effects of Jigsaw-IV technique, which is one of the cooperative learning techniques, on the students learning Turkish as a foreign language skill of learning basic tenses. To this study in which as an experimental pattern post-test control group pattern is used, 32 students consisting of 16 experimental and 16 control group students who learn Turkish as a foreign language at Istanbul University Language Center attended. While Jigsaw-IV technique is used in grammar activities of teaching basic tenses in the experimental group, in the control group traditional teaching methods are used. As teaching of basic tenses start from A1 level (present continuous tense and continue until the end of A2 level (simple past tense, future tense, reported past tense and simple present tense, this study lasted for 16 weeks in the grammar activities of basic tenses. The data of the study has been collected with “The Use of Present Continuous Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Simple Past Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Future Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Reported Past Tense Achievement Test”, and “The Use of Simple Present Tense Achievement Test” developed by the researcher. As a result of the study, it has been observed that in all tests in which basic tense knowledge of students is tested, the average achievement of the experimental group in which Jigsaw-IV technique is used is higher than the achievement of the control group. Bu çal??ma, Jigsaw-IV tekni?inin yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen ö?rencilerin Türkçedeki temel zamanlar? ö?renme becerileri üzerindeki etkisini belirlemek amac?yla yap?lm??t?r. Son-test kontrol gruplu modelin kullan?ld??? bu çal??maya, ?Ü Dil Merkezi’nde yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen 32 ö?renci kat?lm??t?r. Deney grubunda Jigsaw-IV tekni?i kullan?l?rken; kontrol grubunda geleneksel ö?retim modeli uygulanm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n verileri, ara?t?rman? taraf?ndan geli?tirilen “?imdiki Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Belirli Geçmi? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Gelecek Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Belirsiz Geçmi? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi” ve “Geni? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi” ile toplanm??t?r. Ara?t?rma sonucunda, temel zamanlar?n s?nand??? tüm testlerde deney grubunun ortalamalar?n?n kontrol grubunun ortalamalar?ndan daha yüksek oldu?u görülmü?tür.

Fatma BÖLÜKBA?

2014-09-01

373

A Comparing of Body Composition Components in Physically Active and Inactive Male Students of Sharoud University of Technology  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study is to investigate the body mass indexes and physical activities of 11-14 year -old adolescent boys in Khooshab.Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 300 male students aging 11-14 years old in Khooshab (2009. Subjects were selected via random sampling. Underweight, overweight and obesity were defined based on the 5th, 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index (BMI for age and sex, respectively, as proposed by CDC, 2000. Physical activity levels were assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ. Sedentary behaviors and socioeconomic status of subjects were assessed by means of a researcher- made questionnaire.Results: The overall prevalence of underweight and overweight-obesity was 16% and 3.38%, respectively. The levels of light; intermediate, and heavy physical activity among the obese subjects were 19, 24 and 15, among normal subjects were 19, 44, and 36, and among the lean ones were 22, 60 and 41 mins in 24 hours. Physical activity levels significantly were lower (P<0.01 in overweight-obese subjects than in normal-weight and underweight subjects. Television watching times were higher (P<0.05 in overweight-obese subjects than normal-weight subjects. Education levels of parents were significantly higher in overweight-obese subjects than normal-weight subjects.Conclusion: we concluded that prevalence of underweight was higher than prevalence overweight and obesity among 11-14 year-old adolescent boys in Khooshab. Furthermore, physical activity was not related to body mass index and increase in sedentary behaviors (television waticng were related with obesity and overweight in our subjects.

Mehdi Broghani

2010-01-01

374

Psychometric properties of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale in a Turkish sample.  

Science.gov (United States)

A stepwise validation procedure was carried out to translate and develop a Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale. A total of 858 college students completed the Tuckman Procrastination Scale, the Academic Self-efficacy Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. Two items in the original scale loaded on a different factor and were removed from the measure. The 14-item scale had a one-factor solution as supported by subsequent confirmatory factor analysis. The Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale scores correlated negatively with academic self-efficacy and self-esteem scores. Overall results provided evidence for the validity and the reliability of the scale scores. PMID:24693816

Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Saçkes, Mesut; Tuckman, Bruce W

2013-12-01

375

The psychometric properties of the COPE inventory in Turkish sample: a preliminary research  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Coping strategies covers specific behavioral and psychological efforts using to cope the negative consequences of stressful life events. The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the COPE in a Turkish sample. Forty-seven healthy subjects (21 men, 26 women) were included in the study. The mean age of the sample was 26.0±4.8. The internal consistency and homogeneity were examined using the Cronbach ? and Pear-son correlation analysis. The Student`s t test and Pearson...

Agargu?n, M. Y.; Bes?irog?lu, L.; K?ran, U? K.; O?zer, O? A.; Kara, H.

2005-01-01

376

The role and importance of maritime culture in Turkish cuisine  

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Full Text Available One of the most important factors in the formation of the culinary culture of a society is its geographic location. In order to talk about maritime culture in a society’s cuisine, a presence of sea-coast is required. In this context, the formation of marine culture in Turkish cuisine started after Ottomans became neighbours with Aegean, Mediterranean and Black sea. Today, sea products have a substantial place in Turkish cuisine. This contributes to richness of Turkish cuisine and also ensures it to have a higher place in international cuisine. Turkish cuisine came to the fore in terms of healthy nutrition with the introduction of marine culture to the Turkish cuisine. In this study, the influence of marine culture on Turkish cuisine and what it brought to Turkish cuisine are studied. The sea food in Turkish cuisine, where they are procured, how they are prepared, presented and serviced are emphasized in the study. The study was conducted in Çanakkale, a Bosphorus city where sea food can be found in abundance. Thus with this study, the importance of marine culture and its place in Turkish cuisine are explored.

Turgay Bucak

2014-03-01

377

The measurement of regional inequalitive opportunity for Turkish middle school between dynastic period to republic period with Atkinson approach  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate level of social utility from teachers to the students in middle schools in Turkey for Dynastic period to republic period. Material and Method: In the study, the Atkinson indices were used to calculate between 1897 and 1997. The data were depended on web site of Turkish Statistical Institute and the first statistical yearbook in Ottoman Empire. Results: The indices have found that there are inter - regional inequalitive distribution of teachers and that there are loosing of social utility for the students from teachers. Levels of social utility from the teachers were 73.3 % in 1897 and 93.7 % in 1997. Conclusion: After there had been high levels of loosing for social utility from inter-regional inequalitive distribution in Turkishmiddle schools in 1897, the distribution improved during republic period. Hence we can claim that there was almost absolute equality for regional balance of teacher / student in Turkish middle schools.

Murat Çiftçi

2012-10-01

378

TEACH?NG TURKISH TO FOREIGNERS: PROBLEMS,SOLUTIONS AND IDEAS ON THE FUTURE OF TEACHING TURKISH TO FOREIGNERS  

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Behind people’s desire to learn a language other than mother tongue has individual preferences affected by international developments. When it is evaluated in terms of areas that produce demands of learning Turkish by foreigners, it is seen that Turkey is percepted as a rising country andTurkish is percepted as a rising language in the world. There are someproblems encountered in the process of teaching Turkish to foreigners. Inthe article, these problems that were discussed, pointed their ...

Durmus?, Mustafa

2013-01-01

379

TEACH?NG TURKISH TO FOREIGNERS: PROBLEMS,SOLUTIONS AND IDEAS ON THE FUTURE OF TEACHING TURKISH TO FOREIGNERS  

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Full Text Available Behind people’s desire to learn a language other than mother tongue has individual preferences affected by international developments. When it is evaluated in terms of areas that produce demands of learning Turkish by foreigners, it is seen that Turkey is percepted as a rising country andTurkish is percepted as a rising language in the world. There are someproblems encountered in the process of teaching Turkish to foreigners. Inthe article, these problems that were discussed, pointed their future andsolutions separately can be resolved by developing academic andtheoretical studies in the field. Qualified studies done with consideringthe development of Turkish image will be useful for solutions of theseproblems.

Mustafa DURMU?

2013-01-01

380

USAGE OF SYNONYM WORD IN OLD ANATOLIAN TURKISH MEDICAL HANDSCRIPTS AND SYNONYMITY IN TURKISH  

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Full Text Available Richness of languages evaluates by its vocabulary. Some of these words occures with synonyms, which have got same meanings. While investigating oldness of languages, the presence belongs to these language synonyms are also important. Some of synonyms as well taken from other languages. Presence of borrowed words in a language has importance in the way of the language history. Commercial, scientific, literary, etc. relations which are established with the other nations also reverberates to the presence of vocabulary. In the period of the Old Anatolian Turkish, works were given in many fields in addition to orientation of scientific work also as mentioned. Hand scripts in medicine subject point out in the works which proved by the influence of Anatolian Bey’s. Turkish Terms and their synonyms which used in these hand scripts had contributed to comprise Turkish scientific language.

?lhan UÇAR

2010-04-01

 
 
 
 
381

Democracy education in Turkish Education System  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to find out the reflection of legislation and practical samples of democracy education in school education of Turkish Education. Method of this study can be defined field study. For this purpose especially objectives, rules and principles in legislation was examined then did observations in schools and try to find out how the practical applications reflected in democracy education in schools. Results; although there are some expressions to carry out democracy ed...

Mehmet Okutan

2010-01-01

382

TURKISH MONUMENTS IN ERDEML?-GÜZELOLUK VILLAGE  

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Full Text Available In this article, Turkish monuments in Güzeloluk Village of Erdemli County are studied. As a result of the field work one mosque, one school, one fountain, one primary school and school house are found. Mosque, school and fountain belong to Ottoman era, while primary school and school ouse belong to Republic era. Buildings maintain their original forms mostly and reflect their respective times in terms of architecture and decoration.

Lokman TAY

2011-12-01

383

Gini Decomposition by Gender :Turkish Case  

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The aim of this paper is to reveal the gender inequalities in income distribution for Turkey by using decomposition of Gini coefficient, a common income inequality measure. A new decomposition method, Dagum's approach for decomposition of the Gini coefficient is used in the study. In the analysis, the decomposition of the Gini coefficient by gender is applied to Turkish individuals twice. First Gini coefficient for total disposable income is decomposed to examine the gender disparities in ind...

Kaya, Ezgi; Senesen, Umit

2010-01-01

384

Factors that motivate Turkish EFL teachers  

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Teachers’ motivation has been an extensive topic of discussion among researchers for over two decades. What has been missing in the discussion, though, is the perspective of those who teach English as a Foreign Language (EFL), especially those who work in Turkey. Therefore, the purpose of this case study was to investigate factors that motivated Turkish EFL teachers working at a Preparatory English Program of a university in Turkey and ways to enhance their motivation. Eight teachers took p...

Erkaya, Odile?a Rocha

2013-01-01

385

Turkish Journal of Chemistry’nin Bibliyometrik Analizi / Bibliometric Analysis of Turkish Journal of Chemistry  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

[Turkish abstract]Bu makalede 1995 y?l?ndan beri Science Citation Index (SCI) ve Chemical Abstracts taraf?ndan indekslenen Turkish Journal of Chemistry (TJC) bibliyometrik aç?dan ele al?narak, bu dergide 1995-2007 y?llar? aras?nda yay?nlanan 861 makale incelenmi?tir. Ara?t?rmada cevap aranan sorular ?unlard?r: TJC’de en verimli yazarlar kimlerdir ve yazarlar aras?ndaki ili?ki durumu nedir? TJC’de çok yazarl?l?k durumu nedir? TJC’ye katk?da bulunan yazarlar?n kuruml...

Hatice Gül?en Birinci

2008-01-01

386

Photoluminescence of Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purple-colored unique gem material is only found in the Harmanc Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I k (Bursa) region of the western Anatolia (Turkey). Therefore, it is specially called 'Turkish purple jade or turkiyenite' on the worldwide gem market. Even though its jadeite implication is the principal constituent, the material cannot be considered as a single jadeite mineral since other implications are quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid and phlogopite minerals. Even if the analytical methods are used to characterize and identify the Turkish purple jade samples in detail, the luminescence spectra, especially photoluminescence features regarding to composite mineral implications of the material are important because of the existence the numerous characteristic broad and intensive luminescence bands in the samples. We can state that the UV-irradiation luminescence centers as photoluminescence (PL) are due to the overall signals in the Turkish purple jade samples. Accordingly, the distinctive photoluminescence peaks at 743, 717, 698, 484, 465 and 442 nm in PL-2D (counter diagram and sections) and PL-3D (sequence spectra) ranging between 300 and 900 nm of wavelengths, and between 220 and 340 K of temperatures are observed. Finally, photoluminescence features of the heterogeneous-structured material cannot be simply attributed to any chemical impurities, since the jade mass has numerous heterogeneous mineral constituents instead of a single jadeite mineral. Six different mineral implications and chemical impurities in the material composition display complex and individual all kind of luminescence features. Therefore, photoluminescence as well as radioluminescence, cathodoluminescence and thermoluminescence spectra provide positive identification regarding to the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite). - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The purple-colored gem material is only found in the Harmanc Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I k-Bursa region of Turkey. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Material is called 'Turkish purple jade' or 'Turkiyenite' on the worldwide gem market. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Photoluminescence peaks at 743-717-698-484-465-442 nm ranging 300-900 nm and 20-340 K. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A combination of PL-2D and PL-3D graphics using the numerical data from UV excitation.

Hatipoglu, Murat, E-mail: murat.hatipoglu@deu.edu.tr [Dokuz Eyluel University, IMYO, Izmir Multidisciplinary Vocational School, Gemmology and Jewellery Programme, TR-35380 Buca-Izmir (Turkey); Dokuz Eyluel University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Natural Building Stones and Gem Stones, TR-35370 Buca-Izmir (Turkey); Basevirgen, Yasemin [Dokuz Eyluel University, IMYO, Izmir Multidisciplinary Vocational School, Gemmology and Jewellery Programme, TR-35380 Buca-Izmir (Turkey); Dokuz Eyluel University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Natural Building Stones and Gem Stones, TR-35370 Buca-Izmir (Turkey)

2012-11-15

387

Photoluminescence of Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purple-colored unique gem material is only found in the Harmanc?k (Bursa) region of the western Anatolia (Turkey). Therefore, it is specially called “Turkish purple jade or turkiyenite” on the worldwide gem market. Even though its jadeite implication is the principal constituent, the material cannot be considered as a single jadeite mineral since other implications are quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid and phlogopite minerals. Even if the analytical methods are used to characterize and identify the Turkish purple jade samples in detail, the luminescence spectra, especially photoluminescence features regarding to composite mineral implications of the material are important because of the existence the numerous characteristic broad and intensive luminescence bands in the samples. We can state that the UV-irradiation luminescence centers as photoluminescence (PL) are due to the overall signals in the Turkish purple jade samples. Accordingly, the distinctive photoluminescence peaks at 743, 717, 698, 484, 465 and 442 nm in PL-2D (counter diagram and sections) and PL-3D (sequence spectra) ranging between 300 and 900 nm of wavelengths, and between 220 and 340 K of temperatures are observed. Finally, photoluminescence features of the heterogeneous-structured material cannot be simply attributed to any chemical impurities, since the jade mass has numerous heterogeneous mineral constituents instead of a single jadeite mineral. Six different mineral implications and chemical impurities in the material composition display complex and individual all kind of luminescence features. Therefore, photoluminescence as well as radioluminescence, cathodoluminescence and thermoluminescence spectra provide positive identification regarding to the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite). - Highlights: ? The purple-colored gem material is only found in the Harmanc?k-Bursa region of Turkey. ? Material is called “Turkish purple jade” or “Turkiyenite” on the worldwide gem market. ? Photoluminescence peaks at 743–717–698–484–465–442 nm ranging 300–900 nm and 20–340 K. ? A combination of PL-2D and PL-3D graphics using the numerical data from UV excitation.

388

Secularity and religiosity: keystones of Turkish national identity  

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Full Text Available According to many experts Turkish National Federation experiences crisis of its national identity. The article concerns the problem of secular and religious balance in Turkish nationalism. Special attention is attached to Turkey as a project and Turkey as a process, war factor in a birth of the nation, national idea reproduction, Islam nationalization and nationalism Islamisation.

Sergey V. Olyunin

2011-01-01

389

Turkish Prospective Teachers' Understanding and Misunderstanding on Global Warming  

Science.gov (United States)

The key objective of this study is to determine the Turkish elementary prospective teachers' opinions on global warming. It is also aimed to establish prospective teachers' views about the environmental education in Turkish universities. A true-false type scale was administered to 564 prospective teachers from science education, social studies…

Ocal, A.; Kisoglu, M.; Alas, A.; Gurbuz, H.

2011-01-01

390

Turkish Parents' Dialogical Storybook Reading Experiences: A Phenomenological Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Dialogical storybook reading is a technique that supports the language skills competencies of children. With this study the dialogical storybook reading technique is introduced to Turkish parents. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine the Turkish parents' experiences with dialogical storybook reading technique. The data were…

Kotaman, Huseyin

2007-01-01

391

Democracy through Learner-Centered Education: A Turkish Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Aimed at documenting the problems and constraints confronting learner-centered instruction in Turkey, this article first explains the link between democracy and education and the role of learner-centered instruction in realizing democratic ends. By drawing on John Dewey's ideas and Turkish scholars' perspectives on Turkish education, the article…

Yilmaz, Kaya

2009-01-01

392

The Determinants of Student Achievement in Turkey  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent achievement test results show that Turkish students have been performing poorly compared to students from other countries. Using science literacy results from the PISA 2006 survey, we aim to measure the determinants of student achievement in Turkey within the education production function framework. We find that program types have large…

Dincer, M. A.; Uysal, G.

2010-01-01

393

EPIC IN TURKISH CULTURE AND EPIC OF BATTAL GAZI TÜRK KÜLTÜRÜNDE DESTAN VE BATTAL GAZ? DESTANI  

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Full Text Available This article related to epics of Turkish, especially Battal Gazi. In the article is mentioned that epics of Turkish (?slamic and no-?slamic Battal Gazi, his life, his battle and in the end of summary of epic of Battal Gazi. ?t is gived data all of Turkish’s epic

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mehmet Dursun ERDEM

2006-09-01

394

A TEXTBOOK ANALYSIS OF SENIOR PRIMARY EDUCATION TURKISH COURSE BOOKS  

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Full Text Available Literary texts that take place in Turkish course books are an important means for teaching Turkish. The aim of this study is to search 6th, 7th and 8th grade Turkish course books in terms of text types. For this purpose, studies concerned with Turkish course books