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Sample records for turkish 14-year-old students

  1. Assessing metaphor comprehension as a metasemantic ability in students from 9-to-14 years-old.

    Paolo Iliceto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a test for assessing metaphor comprehension (MCT in explicit linguistic form for subjects aged 9- to 14 years-old, i.e. in a transitional age where significant qualitative changes appear for this type of ability. Metaphor is viewed as a form of semantic conflict induced by the anomalous combination of the conventional meanings of its main constituents - tenor and vehicle - and metaphor comprehension is framed as a metasemantic ability based on the analysis of these meanings (Gombert 1990, that can have implications both for teaching and for learning strategies.The authors propose a functionalist piagetian frame, based on Piaget’s latest equilibration model (1975, for analysing how this semantic conflict can be faced and solved by children in the developmental span considered. The test is paper-and-pencil, composed of 12 items subdivided into 2 groups of metaphors: Psycho-physical (PP and Conceptual (C, mainly drawn and adapted to Italian language from international literature on metaphor comprehension. The sample is composed of 874 Italian children from 4th to 8th grade, with gender balance, of average social background. By means of Principal Components Analysis, with oblimin rotation, a two-factor solution emerged, that espouses the C/PP metaphors distinction. All corrected item-total correlation coefficients >.30 were representative and acceptable. Correlation coefficients between MCT and Standard progressive Matrices (SPM38 and some validated metalinguistic subtests were all significant at p <0.01 level, showing good convergent validity. Cronbach’s Alpha coefficients for the two subscales were: .62 (C, .51 (PP and .70 for MCT total score. Test-retest correlation oefficients for the two subscales were .79 (C, .69 (PP, and .83 for MCT total score. Cohen’s Kappa coefficients for interrater reliability are: .75 (4th-5th, .74 (6th, .67 (7th, .81 (8th. A twofactor ANOVA (gender and age showed that the test is gender-sensitive in favour of females but that age is an even stronger factor, which underlines the developmental character of the test. Limitations and possible research developments are analysed in the Discussion.

  2. Development of a Sex Education Programme for 12-Year-Old to 14-Year-Old Turkish Adolescents

    Cok, Figen; Gray, Lizbeth Ann

    2007-01-01

    Previous research has documented a need for the development of a sex education programme in Turkish schools in terms of adolescence readiness and the presence of misconceptions regarding critical aspects of sexual issues. Currently no school-based sex education is available for Turkish adolescents. This paper presents the development of a…

  3. Investigating the Effect of Educating Philosophy in the Children on the Spiritual Development of Female Students with 12-14 Years Old in the City of Isfahan

    Abaspour, Nafiseh; Nowrozi, Reza Ali; Latifi, Zohreh

    2015-01-01

    The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of educating philosophy curriculum in the children on the spiritual development of female students with 12-14 years old in the city of Isfahan. The present study is a semi-experiment research. The research design is pretest-posttest research with experiment and control group. In order to select…

  4. The Academic Effects of After-School Paid and Unpaid Work among 14-Year-Old Students in TIMSS Countries

    Post, David; Pong, Suet-ling

    2009-01-01

    What it means to be a "student" varies within and between countries. Apart from the wide variety of school types and school quality that is experienced by young people, there also is, accompanying increased rates of school participation, a growing population of students who work part-time. The theoretical and actual consequences of student work…

  5. The academic effects of after-school paid and unpaid work among 14-year-old students in TIMSS countries

    Post, David; PONG, SUET-LING

    2009-01-01

    What it means to be a ‘student’ varies within and between countries. Apart from the wide variety of school types and school quality that is experienced by young people, there also is, accompanying increased rates of school participation, a growing population of students who work part-time. The theoretical and actual consequences of student work have long been in dispute. This article reformulates the dispute as an empirical question that can be addressed using cross-national testing data and ...

  6. Disk degeneration in 14 year old children

    This paper reports low back symptoms of 1,500 school children (14 years old) evaluated with a questionnaire and with a standardized clinical examination. Forty children who complained of recurrent and/or persistent low back pain and 40 matching symptomless controls were randomly chosen to undergo MR imaging of the lumbar spine. Premature disk degeneration was seen in 25.5% of asymptomatic children and in 40% of those with low back pain. The difference was statistically not significant. Disk degeneration is a surprisingly frequent MR finding in symptomless children. Premature disk degeneration may be the cause of low back pain in some children but is not always symptomatic in childhood

  7. Heart Health...Your Choice. 11-14 Year Olds.

    National Heart, Lung, and Blood Inst. (DHHS/NIH), Bethesda, MD.

    The purpose of this illustrated booklet is to teach 11-14 year old students that all healthy Americans, 2 years of age or older, should eat in a way that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol to help reduce the risk of heart disease. The guide is designed to promote changes in eating patterns, to show children how to switch to good eating…

  8. Body adiposity and daily TV viewing in 11 to 14-year-old students at two schools in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil

    Adair da Silva Lopes

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to analyze body adiposity, daily TV viewing and prevalence of obesity, and to identify associations between TV viewing and relative body fat in boys and girls aged 11 to 14 years attending two municipal schools in Campo Grande - Mato Grosso, Brazil. One school is located in the central region of the city and the other on the periphery. The sample, 109 boys and 116 girls, a total of 225 students, was made up of students from the municipal schools “Danda Nunes” and “Nazira Anache”. The following variables were recorded: weight (mc, height (est, triceps (tr, subscapular (se skinfolds and hours per day watching TV. It was concluded that relative body fat fi gures for the sample studied were not statistically different (p>0.05 for sex between the students of the central and peripheral schools. A prevalence of 25.86% of obesity was detected among the girls and 11.93% among the boys, confi rming published literature on the tendency of a larger accumulation of body fat among girls, mainly during and after the puberty. In this study it was not possible, with the sample used, to demonstrate an association between hours spent watching TV and relative body fat. It was observed that 60% of the girls and boys watch more than 3 hours of television a day, demonstrating the extended period that the children and adolescents remain physically inactive in front of the television. RESUMO Os objetivos deste estudo foram analisar a adiposidade corpórea e o tempo diário de assistência à TV; detectar a prevalência de obesidade; e associações entre tempo de assistência à TV e gordura corporal relativa em meninos e meninas, de 11 a 14 anos de idade, matriculados em duas escolas municipais de Campo Grande – MS, sendo uma localizada na região central da cidade e a outra na periferia. A amostra foi constituída pelos 225 alunos (109 do gênero masculino e 116 do gênero feminino das 5as e 6as séries das escolas Municipais Danda Nunes (central e Nazira Anache (periferia que estavam matriculados e presentes no dia da coleta dos dados. Foram mensuradas as variáveis: massa corporal (MC, estatura (EST , dobras cutâneas tricipital (TR e subescapular (SE, além da aplicação de um questionário com informações sobre o tempo de assistência à TV. Os resultados permitiram concluir que os valores da gordura corporal relativa, não diferiram estatisticamente (p>0,05 entre os escolares da escola central e da periferia em nenhum dos gênero. Foi detectada uma prevalência de 25,86% de obesidade no gênero feminino e 11,93% no masculino, confi rmando a tendência apresentada na literatura de um aumento crescente da obesidade em crianças e adolescentes e um maior acúmulo de gordura corporal no gênero feminino, principalmente durante e após a puberdade. Na presente pesquisa não se encontrou associações signifi cativas entre as variáveis horas de assistência a TV e gordura corporal relativa em nenhuma das escolas e em nenhum dos gêneros. Observou-se que 60 % dos escolares avaliados assistem mais de 3 horas de televisão por dia, demonstrando o longo período de tempo que as crianças e adolescentes têm permanecido em inatividade física, em frente ao aparelho de televisão.

  9. [Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma in a 14-year-old boy].

    Szalecki, Mieczysław; Nawrotek, Jolanta; Lange, Dariusz; Skotarczyk-Kowalska, Elzbieta; Mogielska, Beata; Piatkowska, Ewa; Jałowiec, Irena; Biernacka-Florczak, Izabela; Jarzab, Barbara; Perek, Danuta

    2005-01-01

    We report a case of anaplastic cancer of thyroid in 14-year-old male. The diagnosis was supported on: pace of changes, clinical image, disease course, no effect of therapy, histopathological examination. PMID:15850538

  10. COMPLETE DIPHALLUS IN A 14 YEARS OLD BOY

    Abdulkadir Tepeler; Mert Ali Karadağ; Ünsal Özkuvancı; Erhan Sarı; Yalçın Berberoğlu; Ahmet Yaser Müslümanoğlu

    2007-01-01

    We herein present an unusual case of 14-year old boy with complete diphallus and bifid scrotum. He was not aware of his extragenital abnormality until he was examined by a surgeon before circumsion. At operation, the hypoplastic penis was resected and a single scrotum was constructed by removing the band of skin separating the compartments. The rugose skin was then joined, giving scrotal continuity.

  11. A 14-year-old girl with thoracolumbar pain.

    Haddadzadeh, Maryam

    2014-03-01

    We report the second case of Mycobacterium kansasii spondylitis in a 14-year-old Caucasian girl who presented with pain in the thoracolumbar region. There was collapsed T8 and discitis, and a cavitary lesion in new chest CT. Biopsy taken from thoracic lesion T8 with CT guidance which had evidence of osteomyelitis and its smear were negative for acid fast bacilli. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed - PCR was negative for acid fast bacilli. Empirical treatment of tuberculosis started and her symptoms resolved. PCR of thoracic sampling revealed M. kansasii after one month. Two months after treatment of M. kansasii, her thoracolumbar pain resolved and the cavitary lesion of the lung disappeared. In patients who are immunocompromised in the association of cavitary pulmonary lesion and infectious spondylitis, atypical mycobacteria may be on the list of common clinical diagnoses but not in immunocompetent patients such as our patient. PMID:26336402

  12. [Sexuality in children 9-14 years old].

    Ballester Arnal, Rafael; Gil Llario, María Dolores

    2006-02-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze sexual behaviors and attitudes of children 9-14 years old in Spain. In this article we present data from 470 children of which 52% are boys and 48% girls. In order to evaluate the sample, Information, Attitudes and Behaviors related to Health Questionnaire (CIACS-II) was used. Results evidence that boys 9 years old already show behaviors that evidence their interest towards sexuality. 8% have sometimes masturbated and 9% have used pornography for becoming excited. 14% of children 11-12 years old have already had sexual relations and 38% state to have sexual fantasies. Girls start to masturbate and to have sexual relations later than boys and show a prevalence of sexual fantasies and use of pornography very lower. It is necessary sexual education programs to be implanted since early ages in schools. PMID:17296005

  13. Acne isolated within a Becker nevus of a 14 year-old girl

    Juhl, Mark; Pappo, Eden; Bain, Michelle

    2015-01-01

    Becker nevus (BN) is a common benign condition occurring most often in young men, much more often than in women. Acne isolated within a BN is a rare phenomenon hypothesized to occur, at least in part, due to increased androgen sensitivity within the nevus. We present a rare case of papular acne with in a BN of a 14 year-old girl.

  14. Cervical ankylosis following Grisel's syndrome in a 14-year-old boy with infectious mononucleosis

    Non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation (Grisel's syndrome) is an uncommon complication of neck space infection or otolaryngologic procedures. It most frequently affects children, although it may occur in adults. We present a 14-year-old boy with Grisel's syndrome as a complication of infectious mononucleosis proceeding to cervical ankylosis. (orig.)

  15. RESPIRATORY PARAMETERS EFFICIENCY IN SPORTS RESULTS AMONG 14-YEAR OLD MALE AND FEMALE SWIMMERS

    Dybinska Ewa

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to test fitness levels of chosen parameters in the respiratory system in comparison to sports results in a group of 100m medley 14-year old male and female swimmers. The main measurement method was based on immediate observation of the following variables: a The fitness level of particular parameters in the respiratory system, b The level of swimming fitness. Based on the detailed analysis of the chosen respiratory parameter levels among 14-year old male and female swimmers in relation to their sports result in 100m medley distance, the following general statements have been formulated: the average levels of the chosen respiratory parameters estimated, in most of the cases, above average, especially among female swimmers.

  16. Caries prevalence in 6-, 11- and 14-year-old children in the Cyclades Islands, Greece.

    Chatzistavrou, E; Makris, G; Topitsoglou, V

    2000-12-01

    Following the World Health Organization criteria, a total of 1,604 out of 3,225 children aged 6, 11 and 14 years living on the 20 islands of the Cyclades complex were examined. Recordings showed that in the 6-year-old children, the mean dmft index was 2.21 (SD=3.00) with 46% caries free. In the 11-year-old children, the DMFT averaged 1.39 (SD=1.78) with 46% caries free. In the 14-year-old children, the mean DMFT was 2.62 (SD=2.83) with 32% caries free. Statistically significant differences were found in the DMFT of the 11- and 14-year-old subjects living in naturally water fluoridated and non-fluoridated areas. According to these data, it appears that the first two WHO targets for the year 2000 are almost fulfilled. PMID:11191202

  17. Oral submucous fibrosis: a premalignant condition in a 14-year-old Indian girl

    Deshpande, Anshula; Kiran, Shital; Dhillon, Steffi; Mallikarjuna, Rachappa

    2013-01-01

    A 14-year-old Indian girl presented with difficulty in mouth opening and burning sensation while eating. On examination, blanching of the oral mucosa with diffuse white pigmented lesion of size 3.5 to 2 cm along with melanotic pigmentation was seen on the left buccal mucosa posteriorly. The patient was diagnosed with oral submucous fibrosis. A comprehensive treatment plan was made based on conservative management that included motivation and intense counselling of the patient and her parents ...

  18. Relationship between sleep duration and dietary intake in 4- to 14-year-old Danish children

    Hoppe, Camilla; Rothausen, Berit Worm; Biltoft-Jensen, Anja Pia; Matthiessen, Jeppe; Groth, Margit Velsing; Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Tetens, Inge

    2013-01-01

    A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present crosssectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14-year-old childr...

  19. Kleine-Levin syndrome in a 14-year-old girl: CSF hypocretin-1 measurements.

    Podestá, Claudio; Ferreras, Mónica; Mozzi, Marcela; Bassetti, Claudio; Dauvilliers, Yves; Billiard, Michel

    2006-12-01

    CSF hypocretin-1 measurements were performed during a period of hypersomnia and during an asymptomatic interval in a 14-year-old girl affected with severe Kleine-Levin syndrome. A twofold decrease in hypocretin-1 was evidenced during the period of hypersomnia in comparison with the asymptomatic interval. Together with previous data, this result is in favour of recurrent dysfunction at the hypothalamic level in Kleine-Levin syndrome. PMID:17098473

  20. Acute appendicitis in a 14-year-old boy with familial Mediterranean fever

    Yoshihiko Sakurai; Takaaki Murata; Hirohisa Hirata; Takeshi Morita

    2015-01-01

    Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is one manifestation of a heritable periodic fever syndrome that is characterized by recurrent attacks of febrile polyserositis, most frequently peritonitis. An FMF abdominal attack is often misdiagnosed as acute appendicitis, a more common cause of an acute abdomen. We report a 14-year-old boy with FMF who developed acute appendicitis during his follow-up. The patient had a several-year history of abdominal pain episodes, and was initially admitted for an a...

  1. Bilateral Epididymal Cyst in 14 year-old Boy: a case report

    Yiğit Akin; Mehmet Sarac; Isil Basara; Selcuk Yucel; Ahmet Kazez

    2014-01-01

    Bilateral epididymal cysts are rare in childhood. Clinically they may present as acute scrotum and should be differentiated from other pathologies. Here in, we report bilateral epididymal cysts in a 14-year-old boy. He was admitted to emergency department with symptoms of acute left scrotum. There was no history of trauma or infection. Blood analyses, including testis tumor markers were unremarkable. Bilateral epididymal cysts were diagnosed on ultrasonography evaluation. Medical treatment di...

  2. Alternative Views of the Solar System among Turkish Students

    Cin, Mustafa

    2007-01-01

    This study examines middle-school students' alternative frameworks of the earth's shape, its relative size and its distance from the sun and the moon. The sample was selected in the province of Giresun in Turkey. Sixty-five 14-year-old students participated in the research. A structured interview consisting of open-ended questions was employed to

  3. Alternative Views of the Solar System among Turkish Students

    Cin, Mustafa

    2007-01-01

    This study examines middle-school students' alternative frameworks of the earth's shape, its relative size and its distance from the sun and the moon. The sample was selected in the province of Giresun in Turkey. Sixty-five 14-year-old students participated in the research. A structured interview consisting of open-ended questions was employed to…

  4. Invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl

    Kim, Joo Yeon; Kim, Yun Ju; Kim, Sung Hun; Kang, Bong Joo [Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Song, Byung Joo [The Catholic University of Korea, Department of General Surgery, Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-11-15

    Breast cancer is rare in children and adolescents. In particular, there are very few cases of invasive ductal carcinoma in childhood. We report a case of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl presenting as a palpable mass. While the tumor demonstrated a relatively benign appearance on ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging revealed typical malignant features. Several polymorphisms of single nucleotide variation were observed on gene analysis. The patient underwent breast conserving surgery and received subsequent concurrent chemo-radiation therapy. An awareness that ductal carcinoma of the breast rarely occurs in children is important to detect early stage breast cancer. (orig.)

  5. Invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl

    Breast cancer is rare in children and adolescents. In particular, there are very few cases of invasive ductal carcinoma in childhood. We report a case of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl presenting as a palpable mass. While the tumor demonstrated a relatively benign appearance on ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging revealed typical malignant features. Several polymorphisms of single nucleotide variation were observed on gene analysis. The patient underwent breast conserving surgery and received subsequent concurrent chemo-radiation therapy. An awareness that ductal carcinoma of the breast rarely occurs in children is important to detect early stage breast cancer. (orig.)

  6. Bilateral Epididymal Cyst in 14 year-old Boy: a case report

    Yiğit Akin

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Bilateral epididymal cysts are rare in childhood. Clinically they may present as acute scrotum and should be differentiated from other pathologies. Here in, we report bilateral epididymal cysts in a 14-year-old boy. He was admitted to emergency department with symptoms of acute left scrotum. There was no history of trauma or infection. Blood analyses, including testis tumor markers were unremarkable. Bilateral epididymal cysts were diagnosed on ultrasonography evaluation. Medical treatment did not stop his scrotal pain. During scrotal exploration, there was no evidence of testicular torsion or any other pathology. An excision of cyst was performed. Histopathologically, the cyst wall was lined by columnar epithelia. As a result of these findings, a pathological diagnosis of epididymal cyst was made. The synchronized evaluation of clinical and ultrasonography findings with an appropriate histopathological evaluation can usually diagnose this rare pathology.

  7. Relationship between sleep duration and dietary intake in 4- to 14-year-old Danish children

    Hoppe, Camilla; Rothausen, Berit Worm; Biltoft-Jensen, Anja Pia; Matthiessen, Jeppe; Groth, Margit Velsing; Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Tetens, Inge

    2013-01-01

    intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories’ was significantly lower in long sleepers than in short and medium sleepers (P= 0·03). In conclusion, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake and the proposal that children with short sleep duration have less healthy eating habits than children with......A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present...... crosssectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14-year-old children. No sex differences were found regarding age and sleep duration. Sleep duration was negatively correlated to age...

  8. Frontal bone tuberculosis presenting with blindness in a 14-year-old girl: a case report

    Shameem Mohammad

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The occurrence of tuberculosis in the flat bones of the skull is very rare. Only eight cases of tuberculosis of the frontal bone have been reported in the literature. Case presentation A 14-year-old girl of Asian ethnicity presented with gradual loss of vision. A computed tomography scan of her head showed a diffuse, homogeneously ill-defined hyperdense lesion of size 2.9 × 5.3 cm (anteroposterior × thickness involving the right orbit. Biopsy of the lesion confirmed the presence of epithelioid cells and Langerhans giant cells with caseous material. After surgical debridement with antitubercular treatment, the patient had an uneventful recovery. Conclusion Although rare, tuberculosis can affect the flat bones of the skull. Tuberculosis of the frontal bone can be included in the differential diagnosis of blindness.

  9. Cobalamin F disease detected by newborn screening and follow-up on a 14-year-old patient.

    Oladipo, Olajumoke; Rosenblatt, David S; Watkins, David; Miousse, Isabelle Racine; Sprietsma, Laurie; Dietzen, Dennis J; Shinawi, Marwan

    2011-12-01

    The cobalamin F (cblF) defect is caused by disturbed lysosomal release of cobalamin (vitamin B(12)) into the cytoplasm caused by mutations in the LMBRD1 gene. We present the clinical and biochemical characterization of a patient with newly diagnosed cblF disease and a follow-up on a 14-year-old patient. The new patient presented with elevation of propionyl carnitine found on a newborn screen. The patient was small for gestational age, exhibited dysmorphic features and mild developmental delay, and had trigonocephaly and ventricular septal defect. There was biochemical normalization and clinical improvement within 3 weeks of parenteral cobalamin treatment. The other patient presented at 4 weeks of life with failure to thrive and feeding difficulties. She was treated only with monthly cyanocobalamin shots. The patient has never experienced metabolic decompensation. She had short stature and was an average student with no behavioral concerns. Her metabolic derangements normalized after switching to weekly hydroxycobalamin. The available data on 14 patients with confirmed cblF disease suggest variability in age of onset, presenting symptoms, response to treatment, and long-term complications. Common clinical findings include small for gestational age, feeding difficulties, growth failure, and developmental delays. Some patients have congenital heart defects, dysmorphic features, and other congenital anomalies. PMID:22065268

  10. Study of weight, height, body mass index, energy and nutrients intake of 11-14 years old girls, Tehran

    Sadeqipoor H

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available A descriptive, analytical cross-sectional syudy was conducted in 1996 on 350 female students 11-14 years old in the center of Tehran, Iran. The general objective was determining energy and nutrient intakes and weight, height and BMI (Body Mass Index of the girls, using anthropometric measurements, interviews (24-hour dietary recall and food consumption frequency, and the NCHS standards. The results were as follows: 1 Based on weight for age and the Z-score, 20% of the girls suffered from mild past and present malnutrition. 2 Based on height for age and BMI, 16.6%, 12.5%, and 1.3% suffered from mild past malnutrition, severe present malnutrition and overweight, respectively. 3 The height curves were normal, as compared to the respective standards. 4 The BMI curves were quite different from the respective standards. 5 On the whole, 53.7%, 49.7%, 86.0%, 59.0%, 67.7%, 76.5% and 88.0% of the girls had low intakes of energy, vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin B12, folic acid, calcium, and iron, respectively. 6 A positive linear correlation was observed between energy intake and height, vitamin A intake and weight, zinc intake and height, and carbohydrate intake and height.

  11. Dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in 4–14-year-old Danish children

    Rothausen, Berit Worm; Matthiessen, Jeppe; Andersen, L. F.; Brockhoff, Per B.; Tetens, Inge

    2013-01-01

    ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, emerged on both weekdays and weekend days. Factor scores from corresponding dietary patterns were significantly correlated between weekdays and weekend days with the exception of the ‘health conscious’ pattern in the 7–10-year-olds. Within each age group, children with......Little is known about dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in children, and the aim of the present study was to investigate 4–14-year-old children's dietary patterns specifically on weekdays (Monday–Thursday) and weekend days (Saturday–Sunday). Dietary data were derived from the Danish...... National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003–8, where a total of 784 children aged 4–14 years completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns in the age groups 4–6, 7–10 and 11–14 years. Consistently, two dietary patterns, labelled...

  12. Multiple osteolytic lesions in a 14-year-old boy with HIV disease

    S Murugan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A 14 year old boy, said to have had multiple transfusions during infancy, was brought to the hospital for complaints of pain over right thigh for one week duration. MRI reveals multiple osteolytic lesions with enhancing hyperintense bone marrow lesions over iliac bones, right acetabulum and lumbar vertebral bodies and enlarged para-aortic, iliac and inguinal lymph nodes. CT of the whole body revealed osteolytic lesions on skull, mandible, right scapula, head of both humeri, L1 and L4 vertebrae, 5 th and 10 th ribs, both acetabulum and ala of sacrum along with enlargement of cervical, axillary and mesenteric, iliac and inguinal nodes. HIV ELISA was positive. Viral load was 141,700 copies/ml. CD4 count was 226 cells/mm 3 . Multiple biopsy from the lesions and bone marrow revealed no evidence of tuberculosis and malignancy. Now the boy is on ART (ZDV + 3TC + EFV since August 2013. His CD4 count improved and viral load became undetectable and he gained weight within 5 months of ART. Due to the rarity of its presentation, this case report is being reported.

  13. Atypical presentation of acute idiopathic megacolon in a 14-year-old patient

    B. Barakat

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In clinical practice the term “megacolon” is used to indicate a marked dilatation of the cecum and the sigmoid colon (>12 and 6.5 cm, respectively (1. From a clinical standpoint, a megacolon can be classified as chronic or acute depending on its clinical presentation. Chronic megacolon typically refers to a congenital disorder in which the enteric nervous system (ENS supplying the colon does not develop properly, thereby leaving the distal segments of the viscus without myenteric and submucosal ganglia (i.e. Hirschsprung’s disease (2. Other cases of non-aganglionic chronic megacolon can be secondary to variety of conditions such as Chagas’ disease and neurodegenerative diseases (e.g. Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, leading to or associated with ENS abnormalities (3. The acute form of megacolon, also referred to as Ogilvie’s syndrome, is characterized by a predominant involvement of the cecum and right colon usually affecting elderly patients undergoing surgery (e.g. orthopedic procedures or taking medications altering gut motility (e.g. opioids or antidepressants (4. Some forms of acute megacolon, however, can be idiopathic in origin since no underlying etiology can be identified. Patients with acute idiopathic megacolon usually have a longstanding history of constipation, often accompanied by laxative abuse, and their clinical presentation is characterized by abdominal distension and severe pain with radiological evidence of stool impacted in the colon and rectum (1, 4. The case herein reported represents an unusual form of acute idiopathic megacolon characterized by massive descending and sigmoid colon distension complicated with a volvulus in a 14-year-old boy with no Hirschsprung’s disease. In addition, just to increase the peculiarity of this case report, the patient had an unremarkable clinical record, and never suffered from chronic constipation in the past.

  14. CASE REPORT KALLMANN SYNDROME IN A 14-YEAR-OLD BOY

    Melisa Anggraeni

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false IN X-NONE X-NONE Kallmann syndrome is a combination of hypogonadotropic–hypogonadism due to gonadotropine releasing hormone (GnRH deficiency with anosmia or hyposmia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI reveals hypoplasia or aplasia of the olfactory bulbs. The incidence is estimated at 1 in 10.000 and 50.000 males and females respectively. The main clinical features consists of the absence of spontaneous puberty, partial or total loss of the sense of smell (anosmia. In this case report, we describe a 14 year old boy with Kallmann syndrome who was refferred with delayed puberty and lack of smell function. Physical examination revealed Tanner stage I and proven anosmia from olfactory test. Laboratory test showed low titer of testosteron. Testicular ultrasonography (USG revealed small testicles. Treatment of this particular patient was with a 25 mg of intramuscular testosterone injection and were then increased by 25 mg every two weeks. Proper management of patients with Kallmann syndrome usually allows them to attain normal reproductive health. /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}

  15. Cervical ankylosis following Grisel's syndrome in a 14-year-old boy with infectious mononucleosis

    Haidar, Salwa; Armstrong, Derek [Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Toronto, Ont. (Canada); Drake, James [Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Neurosurgery, Toronto (Canada)

    2005-03-01

    Non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation (Grisel's syndrome) is an uncommon complication of neck space infection or otolaryngologic procedures. It most frequently affects children, although it may occur in adults. We present a 14-year-old boy with Grisel's syndrome as a complication of infectious mononucleosis proceeding to cervical ankylosis. (orig.)

  16. Relationship between Anthropometric Parameters with Menarche Age of School Girls (11-14 Years Old in Shahroud

    Mehri Delvarian-Zadeh

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Though not impeding it, malnutrition during childhood delays the menarche age. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between anthropometric parameters with menarche age of adolescent (11-14- year old girls. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 418 middle school girls in Shahroud were randomly selected and studied. To demonstrate the participants, nutritional status, BMI was used for age, weight and stature, and then it was compared with NCHS standard. Results: It was revealed that the mean of BMI (body mass Index of menstruated girls was 19.8±3/1 and that of the non-menstruated participants was 17.6±3. The average menarche age turned to be 12.9±0.8. A significant relationship (P<0.0001 was found between age and incidence of menstruation. 47% of the participants experienced their menses in summer. The weight and height means of the menstruated participants were 48.7±8.5 kg and 156.9±6.7 cm respectively. A significant relationship (P=0.0001 was also found between weight, height, BMI and anthropometric parameters of the students, and their menstrual conditions. Statistical analysis also showed a significant relationship between menarche status and socioeconomic condition. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate a significant relationship between nutritional status and menarche age. Due to the importance of menarche age, its decline and creation of sexual desire, and noting the important effects of BMI and anthropometric parameters on menarche age, special attention should be paid to ideal weight, proper nutrition and sufficient physical activities in this high-risk group

  17. Research Anxiety among Turkish Graduate ELT Students

    Merç, Ali

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the level and predictors of research-related anxiety among graduate ELT students in the Turkish context. 81 MA and PhD students from 14 universities offering graduate programs in ELT responded to a background questionnaire, a research anxiety scale, and a research self-efficacy survey. The analysis of…

  18. Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students

    Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were

  19. Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students

    Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

  20. Career Decision Self-Efficacy among Turkish Undergraduate Students

    Isik, Erkan

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the career decision-making self-efficacy in a sample of 356 Turkish undergraduate students. Method: With this purpose, 356 (138 females; 218 males) Turkish undergraduate students aged 17-24 completed a Turkish-translated version of Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (CDSE-SF) to

  1. Career Decision Self-Efficacy among Turkish Undergraduate Students

    Isik, Erkan

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the career decision-making self-efficacy in a sample of 356 Turkish undergraduate students. Method: With this purpose, 356 (138 females; 218 males) Turkish undergraduate students aged 17-24 completed a Turkish-translated version of Career Decision Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (CDSE-SF) to…

  2. Long-term survival of full trisomy 13 in a 14 year old male: a case report.

    Imataka, G; Hagisawa, S; Nitta, A; Hirabayashi, H; Suzumura, H; Arisaka, O

    2016-03-01

    Long term survival for the cases of trisomy 13 into over a first decade is very rare. We reported here the case of a 14-year-old male karyotype with full type of trisomy 13. In this clinical phenomenon, the case had typical facial, finger and limb anomalies for trisomy 13. Arterial septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus were recognized using ultrasonography after birth. Major cerebral malformation such as holoprosencephaly or cerebellar hypoplasia were also not revealed. After 5 months of his age, artificial ventilation therapy for dyspnea associated with laryngomalacia was required. A tracheotomy was performed at 6 months of his age. After 12 years old, intractable partial epilepsy was recognized. For his partial seizures, a treatment with a combination of two anti-epileptic drugs, valproic acid and levetiracetam, were advised. Now he is alive for 14-years-old and he is the 4th longest surviving patient with full karyotype of trisomy 13. PMID:27010151

  3. A 14-year-old Nigerian female with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (Pseudotumor cerebri or benign intracranial hypertension)

    Onwuchekwa, AC; Nwankwo, CN; Chapp-Jumbo, EN

    2002-01-01

    A 14-year-old secondary school girl presented with acute onset severe generalized headache associated with vomiting and diplopia. These followed an initial fever, which responded to chloroquine. She had been on perflacine for a left knee septic arthritis until onset of her symptoms. The main findings on physical examination were mild obesity, left abducent nerve palsy, bilateral papilledema and evidence of resolving arthritis of her left knee. The results of her investigations, including a br...

  4. [Effect of growth hormone therapy in a 14-years-old boy with Crohn's disease and growth hormone deficiency].

    Szalecki, Mieczysław; Mierzejewska-Rudnicka, Alicja; Nawrotek, Jolanta

    2006-01-01

    We present a case of a 14-year-old boy in whom, at age of nine a dramatic decrease of growth velocity was observed. At the age of 14 the growth hormone therapy was introduced after the diagnosis of partial growth hormone deficiency and Crohn's disease. During the two years period of follow up increased growth velocity and improvement in the general condition was observed. We present the case because of many controversial opinions about growth hormone treatment in Crohn's disease. PMID:16813721

  5. A Rare Case of Solitary Epidural Brain Metastasis of Neuroepithelioma Tumor in A 14 Years Old Man

    R. Barikbin

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available By definition, a peripheral neuroepithelioma is a primary neuroectodermal tumor (PNET arising from peripheral, nonautonomic neural tissue. PNETs are classified into central and peripheral types. Peripheral PNETs are unusual, often highly aggressive, malignant neoplasms, rarely presenting in the head and neck. Soft tissues PNETs arise from nonautonomic nervous system. In this case, we report a 14-years-old male known case of cervical soft tissue neuroepithelioma presenting with a rare form of metastatic disease as extra axial, epidural metastasis to the brain. On histochemichal analysis of this solitary metastasis, as well as original tumor specimens, markers consistent with PNET tumors were identified.

  6. Life-Threatening Contraceptive-Related Pulmonary Embolism in a 14-Year-Old Girl with Hereditary Thrombophilia

    Hellfritzsch, Maja; Grove, Erik Lerkevang

    2015-01-01

    . Based on a case of life-threatening COC-associated pulmonary embolism in a girl heterozygous for the prothrombin G20210A mutation and with a family history of thrombotic disease, we discuss the importance of assessing not just the genotype but also the phenotype when considering initiation of COCs in...... patients with thrombophilia. CASE REPORT: A 14-year-old girl presented with acute onset of chest pain and dyspnea followed by syncope. She was hypoxic and hemodynamically compromised at admission. Computed tomography pulmonary angiography revealed a large central "saddle" pulmonary embolism causing nearly...... total occlusion of the right pulmonary artery, and several minor peripheral embolisms bilaterally. She was successfully treated with thrombolysis (alteplase) followed by aPTT-adjusted heparin infusion until adequate anticoagulation with warfarin was achieved. Two years earlier, the patient had been...

  7. Salter-Harris type II fracture of the femoral bone in a 14-year-old boy - case report

    Background: Distal femoral physis fractures with displacement are rare injuries seen in adolescents related with high incidence of complication. They may lead to premature physeal closure consequently, to growth arrest and bone deformity. Case Report: The case of a 14-year-old boy with Salter-Harris type II displaced fracture underwent surgery with open reduction has been described. CT examination with multiplanar reconstruction was used in pre-operative assessment of distal femur growth plate fracture. Conclusions: Knowledge of classification, prognosis and methods of treatment is necessary in accurate pre- and postoperative assessment of physial fractures in adolescents. CT and multiplanar reconstruction improve the understanding of patterns of injury, relative prevalence and accuracy of pre-operative planning. (authors)

  8. Cleidocranial dysplasia in a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl: clinical and radiological presentation

    Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare, autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia with a relatively mild course. The most characteristic symptoms are clavicle hypoplasia or aplasia, abnormalities in the skull ossification, and a variety of dental pathologies. The clinical course and radiological presentation of two cases (a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl) of CCD are presented. Among the characteristic phenotype features the patients demonstrated were abnormalities in the skull formation, with wide sutures and large, delayed closure of the fontanelles, additional Wormian bones, and significant dental abnormalities, in both cases with delayed eruption of teeth and, in the girl, intensive caries, cross bite, and impacted teeth. The boy presented hypoplasia of the clavicles, while aplastic clavicles were confirmed in the girl. In both cases clavicle defects resulted in descended shoulders with abnormal movement faculty. Metacarpal and phalangeal defects were also found in both children as well as abnormalities in pelvic structure, with wide pubic symphysis and vertical arrangement of the pelvic bones in the girl. CCD is a skeletal dysplasia with characteristic clinical and radiological presentation. Although the course of the disorder is relatively mild, early orthopedic, dental, and orthodontic care, as well as rehabilitation, are essential in limiting complications resulting from the congenital malformation of the skeletal system. (author)

  9. Bone dysplasia with optic atrophy, vascular malformation and seizures in a 14-year-old girl - a case report

    The heritable skeletal dysplasias or osteochondrodysplasias are a large heterogeneous group of disorders associated with abnormal shape, growth, or integrity of bones. Osteopetrosis is a collective term for a range of sclerosing bone diseases with various degree of defective remodeling. Increased bone density is the predominant radiologic feature. The skull is often involved with basal sclerosis and the sinuses are obliterated. The most serious consequences of the osteopetroses are seen in the nervous system. Because of perturbed remodeling of the skull bones, many aspects of the brain and cranial nerve function are endangered. Cranial nerves, blood vessels and the spinal cord may be compressed by progressive occlusion of cranial foramina. Carious, misplaced teeth, dysplastic fingernails, tendency to pathologic fractures are the other clinical manifestations. The authors present a 14-year-old girl with dysmorphic features, optic atrophy, CNS vessel malformation, pathologic fractures and seizures. The girl had a wide range of clinical and radiographic symptoms of bone dysplasias together with a giant left internal carotid artery aneurysm and epilepsy. On the basis of clinical and radiological features, a disease belonging to the group of skeletal dysplasias was recognized in our patient. The configuration of the presented symptoms does not allow at the moment strict classification to hitherto determined forms of dysplasia. This leads to the necessity of extending diagnostics, especially by molecular tests, and further long-lasting observations, which perhaps would allow classification of the presented syndrome to one of the known groups, or determination of a new clinical entity. (author)

  10. Designing Orthodontic Craniofacial Templates for 814 year-old Iranian Girls Based on Cephalometric Norms

    Chalipa, Javad; Akhoundi, Mohammad Sadegh Ahmad; Shoshtarimoghaddam, Elinaz; Nik, Tahereh Hosseinzadeh; Imani, Mosle

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: Cephalometry and its related analyses have an important role in the evaluation of orthodontic patients. Access to an analysis that gives maximum information in the least possible time is an effective way to indicate craniofacial disharmony; therefore, craniofacial templates are very useful tools. The purpose of the present study was to provide orthodontic craniofacial templates for 814-year-old Iranian girls. Materials and Methods: One thousand two-hundred and nine girls (age range, 814 years) were examined. Eighty of these cases were finally chosen for the study and their lateral cephalograms were traced. Both Basion-Nasion (Ba-N) and Sella-Nasion (S-N) lines were selected for superimposition in this study. Based on these two mentioned lines, a template for each age was designed. Simple linear regression and multivariant regression analysis were used to evaluate the angles and to landmark the vectors, respectively. Results: Findings show that most points change significantly at different ages in the S-N method. In the Ba-N method, all points except for S and Ba have significant changes at different ages. Conclusion: Templates that resulted from both methods were the same and alteration in the reference line and points does not change the total form of the average tracings of each age. PMID:23724204

  11. Prevalence and risk factors for dental erosion among 11- to 14-year-old school children in South India.

    Kumar, Sandeep; Acharya, Shashidhar; Mishra, Prashant; Debnath, Nitai; Vasthare, Ramprasad

    2013-01-01

    This cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess the prevalence and severity of dental erosion and to determine the potential risk factors for dental erosion among 11- to 14-year-old school children in South India. The total sample size for the study was 605, of which 303 school children were from private schools and 302 from public schools. A questionnaire was designed to record information about socio-demographic characteristics, oral hygiene practices, dietary habits and risk factors for dental erosion. Chi square test, bivariate analysis and Logistic regression analysis were performed to analyse the data. The children who consumed lemon several times a day (OR = 13.41, P erosion. The overall prevalence of dental erosion was found to be low (8.9%). Erosion was found to be greater in posterior teeth (65.6%) than anterior teeth (34.4%). Loss of enamel only with loss of surface contour was observed in most (94.8%) of the cases. The prevalence of dental erosion was found to be low in school children. Private school children were affected more by dental erosion. Frequency of lemon consumption and consumption of carbonated drinks were identified as risk factors. PMID:24351921

  12. Anthropometric and biomechanical field measures of floor and vault ability in 8 to 14 year old talent-selected gymnasts.

    Bradshaw, Elizabeth J; Le Rossignol, Peter

    2004-07-01

    The aim of this study was to identify the anthropometric and physical prerequisites for high difficulty floor tumbling and vaulting. Twenty 8-14 year old female talent-selected gymnasts performed handstand push-offs, and single and multiple jumps on a portable Kistler force plate. The force curves were analysed using Kistler and Excel software to obtain peak displacement, peak take-off force, and power The gymnasts were also assessed for sprinting, with and without vaulting, and standing broad jump performances. Video footage from the vault take-off was analysed using Video Expert II software to obtain the horizontal and vertical take-off velocities. Each gymnast's best vault starting score, three best floor tumbling skills, and anthropometric characteristics were recorded. Statistical analysis included one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) to examine the effect of age (8-10 years, 11-12 years, 13-14 years) on the performance measures and linear regression analysis with performance start score for vault or best floor tumbling score as the outcome variable. The best regression model for indicating vaulting talent had, as predictor variables, resultant velocity at take-off from the board, squat jump power, and average power during the last five jumps in the continuous bent-leg jump series. The best regression model for indicating floor tumbling ability had, as predictor variables, age, vault running velocity, and reduced ground contact time in a handstand push-off. PMID:15552584

  13. Potential weekly intake of artificial food colours by 3-14-year-old children in Brazil.

    Toledo, M C; Guerchon, M S; Ragazzi, S

    1992-01-01

    The Potential Weekly Intake (PWI) of artificial food colours by 3-14-year-old children living in the District of Barão Geraldo, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil, was estimated on the basis of average consumption data of artificially coloured food and analytically determined colour concentration in foodstuffs ingested. Coloured food consumption data were obtained through dietary recall interviews and collection of the packages and/or labels of the coloured foods consumed during a two-week period. Colours found in the individual types of foods detected through the consumption survey were identified and determined by methods that included wool dyeing and polyamide column extractions, ascending paper chromatography and spectrophotometry. The results showed that all artificial colours used in the composition of 83 commercial food products, including jellies, juices, soft drinks, syrups and 57 different candies, were permitted for use in food in Brazil the year the survey was conducted (1986), in amounts below those prescribed by law. Statistical analysis performed to compare the PWI for different population groups demonstrated that young male children, especially from lower social classes, were most exposed to artificial colours. Comparison of the estimated potential intakes with the toxicologically Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) showed that consumption of Amaranth, Sunset Yellow, Indigotine and Tartrazine by all children in the study represented approximately 24%, 3%, 0.05% and 0.4%, of the actual ADI values, respectively. PMID:1493880

  14. Ovarian carcinoma in a 14-year-old with classical salt-wasting congenital adrenal hyperplasia and bilateral adrenalectomy.

    Pina, Christian; Khattab, Ahmed; Katzman, Philip; Bruckner, Lauren; Andolina, Jeffrey; New, Maria; Yau, Mabel

    2015-05-01

    A 14-year-old female with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia because of 21-hydroxylase deficiency underwent bilateral adrenalectomy at 6 years of age as a result of poor hormonal control. Because the patient was adrenalectomized, extra adrenal androgen production was suspected. Imaging studies including pelvic ultrasound and pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were obtained to evaluate for adrenal rest tumors of the ovaries. Abdominal MRI was obtained to evaluate for residual adrenal tissue. A cystic lesion arising from her right ovary suspicious for ovarian neoplasm was noted on pelvic MRI. Right salpingo-oophorectomy was performed and histopathological examination revealed ovarian serous adenocarcinoma, low-grade, and well-differentiated. Tumor marker CA-125 was elevated and additional ovarian cancer staging workup confirmed stage IIIC due to one lymph node positive for carcinoma. The patient then developed a large left ovarian cyst, which led to a complete total abdominal hysterectomy and removal of the left ovary and fallopian tube. Pathology confirmed ovarian serous adenocarcinoma with microscopic focus of carcinoma in the left ovary. After numerous complications, the patient responded well to chemotherapy, CA-125 levels fell and no evidence of carcinoma was observed on subsequent imaging. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an ovarian serous adenocarcinoma in a patient with CAH. Although rare, we propose that the ovaries were the origin of androgen production and not residual adrenal tissue. The relationship between CAH and ovarian carcinomas has yet to be established, but further evaluation is needed given the poor survival rate of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma. PMID:25427061

  15. Truancy as a Contextual and School-Related Problem: A Comparative Multilevel Analysis of Country and School Characteristics on Civic Knowledge among 14 Year Olds

    Claes, Ellen; Hooghe, Marc; Reeskens, Tim

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, various governments and education agencies have developed stricter policies to reduce truancy levels, mainly based on the argument that truancy is associated with risk behaviour, crime and substance abuse. In this article, we use a large, 28-nation comparative survey among 14 year olds to detect general patterns in consequences…

  16. Replacement of a malfunctioning HeartMate II left ventricular assist device in a 14-year-old after a sudden fall.

    La Francesca, Saverio; Smith, Ron; Gregoric, Igor D; Kar, Biswajit; Myers, Timothy J; Price, Jack; Kennedy, Damon; Frazier, O H

    2006-07-01

    An increasing number of patients are returning to normal activity after implantation of intracorporeal left ventricular assist devices. We describe the emergency replacement of the impeller portion of a HeartMate II left ventricular assist system that had stopped functioning after the 14-year-old recipient experienced a sudden fall from a skateboard. PMID:16818132

  17. To What Extent Do Pupils Perceive Science to Be Inconsistent with Religious Faith? An Exploratory Survey of 13-14 Year-Old English Pupils

    Taber, Keith S.; Billingsley, Berry; Riga, Fran; Newdick, Helen

    2011-01-01

    Scientists hold a wide range of beliefs on matters of religion, although popular media coverage in the UK commonly suggests that atheism is a core commitment for scientists. Considering the relationship between religion and science is a recommended topic in the English National Curriculum for lower secondary pupils (11-14 year-olds), and it is…

  18. Field assessment of balance in 10 to 14year old children, reproducibility and validity of the Nintendo Wii board

    2014-01-01

    Background Because body proportions in childhood are different to those in adulthood, children have a relatively higher centre of mass location. This biomechanical difference and the fact that childrens movements have not yet fully matured result in different sway performances in children and adults. When assessing static balance, it is essential to use objective, sensitive tools, and these types of measurement have previously been performed in laboratory settings. However, the emergence of technologies like the Nintendo Wii Board (NWB) might allow balance assessment in field settings. As the NWB has only been validated and tested for reproducibility in adults, the purpose of this study was to examine reproducibility and validity of the NWB in a field setting, in a population of children. Methods Fifty-four 1014 year-olds from the CHAMPS-Study DK performed four different balance tests: bilateral stance with eyes open (1), unilateral stance on dominant (2) and non-dominant leg (3) with eyes open, and bilateral stance with eyes closed (4). Three rounds of the four tests were completed with the NWB and with a force platform (AMTI). To assess reproducibility, an intra-day test-retest design was applied with a two-hour break between sessions. Results Bland-Altman plots supplemented by Minimum Detectable Change (MDC) and concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) demonstrated satisfactory reproducibility for the NWB and the AMTI (MDC: 26.3-28.2%, CCC: 0.76-0.86) using Centre Of Pressure path Length as measurement parameter. Bland-Altman plots demonstrated satisfactory concurrent validity between the NWB and the AMTI, supplemented by satisfactory CCC in all tests (CCC: 0.74-0.87). The ranges of the limits of agreement in the validity study were comparable to the limits of agreement of the reproducibility study. Conclusion Both NWB and AMTI have satisfactory reproducibility for testing static balance in a population of children. Concurrent validity of NWB compared with AMTI was satisfactory. Furthermore, the results from the concurrent validity study were comparable to the reproducibility results of the NWB and the AMTI. Thus, NWB has the potential to replace the AMTI in field settings in studies including children. Future studies are needed to examine intra-subject variability and to test the predictive validity of NWB. PMID:24913461

  19. VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT OF TURKISH STUDENTS AGED BETWEEN 7 AND 9

    Hlya P?LANCI

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The potential of thoughts which is possible for a person who speaks a particular language are accepted to be equal to the conceptual content of that language; dictionary containing the sum of the concepts. It means that the things that a person can think are limited to the possibilities in the language he/she speaks and the thoughts of the person who speaks the language has to act within the limits of that languages potential.In terms of Turkish language, it is seen that Turkish sources in the form of general dictionary contain approximately 70.000 words as headwords. The headwords included in approximately 80.000-100.000 dictionaries and glossaries that are used in Anatolian dialects were not added to this number. However studies related to the vocabulary of children report that Turkish students do not benefit from the rich vocabulary of Turkish language. This paper aims to investigate Turkish student between the ages 7 and 9 during 3 years and reveal how they develop vocabulary. It is also aimed to determine the effects of variables on vocabulary development such as age, pre-knowledge, social environment, economic environment and education level. The study was conducted by the support of TB?TAK (The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkish, (TBITAK-SOBAG project No: 104K087.

  20. Turkish Students' Conceptions about the Simple Electric Circuits

    Cepni, Salih; Keles, Esra

    2006-01-01

    In this study, the Turkish students' understanding level of electric circuits consisting of two bulbs and one battery was investigated by using open-ended questions. Two-hundred fifty students, whose ages range from 11 to 22, were chosen from five different groups at primary, secondary and university levels in Trabzon in Turkey. In analyzing

  1. Turkish High School Students' Attitudes towards Seeking Professional Psychological Help

    Sahin, Hulya; Uyar, Seyma Yuksel

    2011-01-01

    In this study, it is aimed to present whether or not Turkish high school students' attitudes towards seeking professional psychological help is effected by gender, whether or not having any prior psychological experience, perceived parental attitude and parents' education level. Research group is composed of total of 301 students, educated at high…

  2. Turkish School Counsellors and Counselling Students' Knowledge of Adolescent Suicide

    Siyez, Digdem Müge; Bas, Asli Uz

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the knowledge of Turkish high school counsellors and counselling students about adolescence suicide. The sample consisted of 71 school counsellors and 82 third and fourth year psychology counselling students who completed the Adolescent Suicide Behavior Questionnaire. The results showed that although…

  3. Character Strengths Are Prominent as Mate Preferences of Turkish Students

    White, Elizabeth Michelle; Pearce, Amy R.; Khramtsova, Irina

    2011-01-01

    This study addressed the traits and characteristics that Turkish students deem most important in a long-term romantic partner. We collected quantitative and qualitative data on characteristics desired in romantic partners from students attending Bahçesehir Üniversitesi in Istanbul, Turkey. Like our previous cross-cultural studies conducted in…

  4. Skin Picking in Turkish Students: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Gender Differences

    Calikusu, Celal; Kucukgoncu, Suat; Tecer, Ozlem; Bestepe, Emrem

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, triggers, and consequences of skin picking (SP) in a sample of Turkish university students, with an emphasis on gender differences. A total of 245 students from two universities in Turkey were assessed by using the Skin Picking Inventory. In total, 87.8% of the students…

  5. Turkish Science Student Teachers' Conceptions on the States of Matter

    Aydin, Abdullah; Altuk, Yasemin Gödek

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to determine science students teachers' conceptions on the concepts related to "the matter and the states of the matter". 112 Turkish science student teachers participated at this research. A questionnaire consisting of thirteen open-ended items was designed to collect the data. The questionnaire aimed to reveal the…

  6. Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions of Geography

    Senyurt, Secil

    2014-01-01

    This study provides an in-depth investigation of Turkish primary school students' perceptions of geography. Gender differences in students' perceptions of geography were investigated, including definitions of geography and its field of study. The findings showed that "landforms," "our geographical regions/Turkey,"…

  7. Cardiorespiratory Fitness Is Associated with Hard and Light Intensity Physical Activity but Not Time Spent Sedentary in 10–14 Year Old Schoolchildren: The HAPPY Study

    Denton, Sarah J.; Trenell, Michael I.; Plötz, Thomas; Savory, Louise A.; Daniel P. Bailey; Kerr, Catherine J.

    2013-01-01

    Background Sedentary behaviour is a major risk factor for developing chronic diseases and is associated with low cardiorespiratory fitness in adults. It remains unclear how sedentary behaviour and different physical activity subcomponents are related to cardiorespiratory fitness in children. The purpose of this study was to assess how sedentary behaviour and different physical activity subcomponents are associated with 10–14 year-old schoolchildren's cardiorespiratory fitness. Methods 135 sch...

  8. Wellness and Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students

    Oguz-Duran, Nagihan; Tezer, Esin

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the differences among 465 Turkish first year university students regarding overall wellness and four of its dimensions (cognitive emotional wellness-CEW, relational wellness-RW, life goal-LG, and physical wellness-PW) in terms of self-esteem levels and gender. The data were gathered by administering the Rosenberg…

  9. A validity and reliability study of physical activity enjoyment scale-short form for Turkish children and youth

    A. Dilsad Mirzeoğlu; Dilşad Çoknaz

    2014-01-01

    Although there are many benefits of  physical activity on people, it is important to provide enjoyment in the physical activity to increase and  ensure the continuity of the participation. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Physical Activity Enjoyment  Scale-Short Form for the 9-14 years old Turkish students.  150 students (91 girls, 59 boys)  in 4-8 classes from Hatay, İstanbul and Krd. Ereğli were participated in this study. The expert report, des...

  10. Socioeconomic differences in selected dietary habits among Norwegian 13–14 year-olds: a cross-sectional study

    Madelene Skårdal

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Social inequalities in health are a major and even growing problem in all European countries. Objective: The aim of the present study was to describe 1 differences in dietary habits among Norwegian adolescents by gender and socioeconomic status; 2 differences in self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines among their parents according to socioeconomic status. Design: In 2012, a cross-sectional study where students filled in a web-based food frequency questionnaire at school was conducted in nine lower secondary schools in Vest-Agder County, Norway. Socioeconomic status (SES and knowledge of dietary guidelines were obtained from the parents using a web-based questionnaire. In total, 517 ninth-grade students (mean age 13.9 out of 742 invited students participated in the study, giving a participation rate of 69.7%. The total number of dyads with information on both parents and students was 308 (41.5%. Results: The findings indicate that there is a tendency for girls to have a healthier diet than boys, with greater intake of fruits and vegetables (girls intake in median 3.5 units per day and boys 2.9 units per day, and lower intake of soft drinks (girls 0.25 l in median versus boys 0.5 l per week. Students from families with higher SES reported a significant higher intake of vegetables and fish, and lower intake of soft drinks and fast food than those from lower SES. Parents with higher SES reported a significantly better knowledge of dietary guidelines compared to those with lower SES. Conclusions: Differences in dietary habits were found between groups of students by gender and SES. Differences were also found in parents’ self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines. This social patterning should be recognized in public health interventions.

  11. A validity and reliability study of physical activity enjoyment scale-short form for Turkish children and youth

    A. Dilsad Mirzeoğlu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Although there are many benefits of physical activity on people, it is important to provide enjoyment in the physical activity to increase and ensure the continuity of the participation. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form for the 9-14 years old Turkish students. 150 students (91 girls, 59 boys in 4-8 classes from Hatay, İstanbul and Krd. Ereğli were participated in this study. The expert report, descriptive factor analysis, Confirmatory factor analysis were used to construct validity of the study and Cronbach Alpha internal coefficient value was performed for the reliability of Turkish version of Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form. Results of the exploratory factor analysis showed that the factor values of the items between .606 and .735, the eigenvalue 2.351 and descriptive variance value % 47.017 were found. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the adaptive values of the scale were RMSEA = .057, χ² / df = 1.476, TLI = .960, CFI = .980 and SRMR = .039. According to the results the single factorial construct was supported. The Cronbach Alpha internal coefficient value was .711. As a result, it can be said that the Turkish version of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form is valid and reliable scale for the 9-14 years old children and youth to explain their enjoyment level in physical activity.

  12. CT scan-guided percutaneous osteosynthesis of a complex, multifocal fracture of the pelvic girdle in a 14-year-old adolescent

    Gagne, Pierre-Thomas; Bertrand, Anne-Sophie; Caudal, Amandine; El Hayek, Tony; Amoretti, Nicolas [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, Nice (France)

    2014-08-15

    We report on a 14-year-old girl with minimally displaced pelvic girdle and acetabular roof fracture following motor vehicle trauma, treated percutaneously under CT and C-arm fluoroscopic guidance by an interventional radiologist. After informed consent from the patient's parents, under surgical aseptic conditions and under general anesthesia, three screws were positioned adequately under dual guidance by a radiologist and without immediate or long-term complication. The patient was mobilized 48 h after the procedure and resumed normal activities after 1 month. Even though the technique has been described before on adults, to our knowledge this is the first time it has been described on a pediatric patient. (orig.)

  13. The Importance of Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships for Turkish Students' Attitudes towards Science

    Telli, Sibel; den Brok, Perry; Cakiroglu, Jale

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine associations between Turkish high school students' perceptions of their science teachers' interpersonal behaviour and their attitudes towards science. Students' perceptions of the teacher-student interpersonal relationship were mapped with the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI), which uses two

  14. High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience

    Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

    2009-01-01

    Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ)…

  15. Turkish High School Students' Perceptions of Leaders and Characteristics of Leadership

    Ulusoy, Kadir

    2011-01-01

    Leaders mentioned in history courses are often viewed by Turkish students either as positive role models or as perpetrators of negative deeds. The leadership models included in Turkish high school course materials may significantly influence student perceptions. The purpose of this research study was to determine the effect of a history course in…

  16. High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience

    Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

    2009-01-01

    Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ)

  17. Effects of Differentiated Instruction on Students' Attitudes Towards Turkish Courses: An Action Research

    Karadag, Ruhan; Yasar, Sefik

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the effects of differentiated instruction approach on students' attitudes in Turkish course. The study was carried out through an action research approach and conducted with the 5th grade students in Turkey. Data of the study were collected through Turkish Course Attitude Scale and semi-structured…

  18. Turkish High School Students' Perceptions of Leaders and Characteristics of Leadership

    Ulusoy, Kadir

    2011-01-01

    Leaders mentioned in history courses are often viewed by Turkish students either as positive role models or as perpetrators of negative deeds. The leadership models included in Turkish high school course materials may significantly influence student perceptions. The purpose of this research study was to determine the effect of a history course in

  19. Moral Values – A Comparative Study: Romanian and Turkish Students

    Claudia SĂLCEANU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The moral values of 156 Romanian and Turkish students of psychology and educational sciences are investigated by using the Rokeach Values Inventory. The country and demographical differences are taken into consideration. The cultural statistical significant differences deal with terminal values such as equality, health, inner harmony, national security, salvation, self-respect, wisdom, a comfortable life and a world of peace, and also several instrumental values such as being capable, helpful, intellectual, loving, obedient, ambitious, logical and self-controlled. When considering demographical aspects, Romanian students from small and big cities exhibit statistically significant differences regarding the values of social recognition (terminal value and the intellect (instrumental value. Turkish students from big and small cities display statistically significant differences when it comes to items of a comfortable life and social recognition (terminal values and several instrumental values such as forgiveness, honesty, politeness and responsibility. The students coming from big cities, in both countries, display statistically significant differences concerning the previously mentioned terminal values of comfortable life, equality, exciting life, health, inner harmony, national security, pleasure, salvation, self-respect and wisdom, as well as the instrumental values of being ambitious, capable, helpful, intellectual, loving, loyal, obedient and polite. Those coming from the small towns of both countries appear to differ on the following terminal values: equality, health, inner harmony, national security, salvation and self-respect, but also on the instrumental values of being ambitious, helpful, honest, logical, loving, obedient, responsible and self-controlled. Possible explanations and consequences are discussed.

  20. Determining professionalism in Turkish students nurses

    Ayise Karadağ

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Characteristics of the nursing profession include educational standards, professional organizations, commitment, autonomy, continuing education, body of knowledge and competencies, social value, and a code of ethics. This study was carried out with the aim of determining the professional attitudes of nursing students in Turkey. It was a descriptive study. This study was conducted in 25 nursing schools that provide graduate level nursing education in Turkey. The sample of the study included 1412 final year nursing students who were selected by random sampling from nursing schools offering education at bachelor level. Data was collected using a questionnaire, which included demographic characteristics of students and an Inventory to Measure Professional Attitudes in Student Nurses (IPASN. The mean score of IPASN was 4.1 ± 0.5 and the areas the highest mean scores were for autonomy, competence and continuous education whilst lowest ones were for  cooperation, contribution to scientific knowledge, and participating in professional organizations. In conclusion, the overall mean scores of professional attitudes for nursing students were found to be satisfying and some recommendations were made to improve subgroups scores.

  1. Parental education, body mass index and prevalence of obesity among 14-year-old boys between 1987 and 1997 in Wroclaw, Poland

    The main aim of this study was to examine changes in relative weight and prevalence of obesity across a ten-year period among 14-year-old boys according to parental education level. Data from two surveys, carried out in 1987 and 1997, of boys attending the 7th grade of primary schools in Wroclaw were used in the analysis. The heights and weights of 3165 boys aged 14 years selected from cohort of 6969 7th and 8th grade boys from all primary schools of the city Wroclaw were used. The data of the second sample of 14-year-old boys (n = 1014) were obtained from a health examination study carried out in the Silesian Centre for Preventive Medicine, 'DOLMED', in Wroclaw in 1997. All boys attended the 7th grade of 34 randomly selected primary schools from a total of 129 schools in the city of Wroclaw. Social status was assessed on the basis of parental education level scored to four categories: university, secondary school, trade school, and elementary school. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was defined as the percentage of children above the 85th and 95th percentiles of the body mass index (BMI), the means of which were 21.27 and 23.75 kg/m2 respectively. Prevalence of overweight among boys is slightly lower in the 1997 sample, whereas the prevalence of obesity shows the opposite trend and is higher by more than one percent in comparison with the 1987 sample. Similar trends of declining medians and increasing variance are observed in all educational groups. The differences in medians between the two samples within educational groups did not achieve statistical significance for the groups with parents with education at elementary level and fathers with university education. There is a trend toward increasing prevalence of obesity across the decade considered, according to father's education level. With respect to mother's education levels, the most dramatic changes in BMI and obesity occurred in the elementary education group, where the percentage of obese subjects increased more than twofold. A significant increase is also observed in the group with parents attaining university education

  2. Factors Affecting Turkish Students' Achievement in Mathematics

    Demir, Ibrahim; Kilic, Serpil; Depren, Ozer

    2009-01-01

    Following past researches, student background, learning strategies, self-related cognitions in mathematics and school climate variables were important for achievement. The purpose of this study was to identify a number of factors that represent the relationship among sets of interrelated variables using principal component factor analysis and…

  3. Turkish Students' Ideas about Global Warming

    Kilinc, Ahmet; Stanisstreet, Martin; Boyes, Edward

    2008-01-01

    A questionnaire was used to explore the prevalence of ideas about global warming in Year 10 (age 15-16 years) school students in Turkey. The frequencies of individual scientific ideas and misconceptions about the causes, consequences and "cures" of global warming were identified. In addition, several general findings emerged from this study.…

  4. Popliteal artery injury following traumatic knee joint dislocation in a 14-year-old boy: A case report and review of the literature

    Cvetković Slobodan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Posterior knee joint dislocation associated with injury of the popliteal artery in children is an extremely rare condition. Rapid diagnosis and treatment are essential for limb salvage and function. Case report. We reported a 14-year-old boy who suffered traumatic displacement of the right knee and contusion of the popliteal artery during motorcycle accident. The diagnosis was confirmed using Doppler and duplex ultrasonography and digital substraction transfemoral arteriography. The urgent surgical procedure was performed using posterior approach to the popliteal artery. During the surgical exploration, rupture of the posterior cruciate ligament associated with thrombosed popliteal artery have been found. The damaged popliteal artery was resected and replaced with autologous saphenous vein graft. The last stage of the procedure was a transosseous femoral fixation of posterior circuate ligament. A 3-year-follow-up after the surgery demonstrated intact arterial perfusion and very good function of the knee with a minimal difference as compared with the contralateral knee. Conclusion. Combined orthopedic and vascular injuries are very rare in children. They require combined treatment. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175008

  5. Influence of Mandarin tone exposure on the processing of intonation by 14-year-old American adolescents: An fMRI study

    Lin, Jo-Fu Lotus; Imada, Toshiaki; Kuhl, Patricia; Wang, Yue

    2001-05-01

    This study investigated, for American adolescents, whether the learning of non-native speech contrasts in one prosodic domain (Mandarin Chinese tones) would influence the processing of non-native contrasts in another prosodic domain (Mandarin Chinese intonation). Two groups of 14-year-old American teenagers were tested using the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) technique, including eight who had received a two-week Mandarin tone training program and eight with no exposure to Mandarin. Subjects were scanned during identification tasks. Despite their similar behavioral performance on identification of Mandarin intonation, preliminary results showed different cortical activation patterns for the two groups. Teenagers exposed to Mandarin showed similar activation patterns for the Mandarin intonation and Mandarin tone task, with more right-hemisphere activation for intonation, which differed from activation for English intonation. Teenagers without exposure activated similar areas for Mandarin and English intonation. Familiarity with Mandarin tonal contrasts affects brain activation, not only for Mandarin tones but also for Mandarin intonation, suggesting that training effects may transcend levels. [Work supported by NIH (HD 37954) and the Talaris Research Institute.

  6. Spinal epidural en-plaque meningioma with an unusual pattern of calcification in a 14-year-old girl: case report and review of the literature

    A 14-year-old girl who presented with a severe sensory-motor-sphincter syndrome was found to be harboring an epidural tumor situated posteriorly in the spinal canal from C5 through C7 levels. The mass had computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging features suggesting an unusual stratified architecture, with a conspicuous highly calcific component firmly adherent to the dura and a non-calcific mass surrounding it posteriorly and laterally. Although meningiomas have a low incidence in the first two decades of life, and in the spine they rarely have entirely extradural location at any age, a meningioma was suspected. Intraoperative biopsy confirmed the tumor to be benign, and careful total resection including the whole large dural implant was carried out; the wide dural defect was grafted with fascia lata. A meningothelial meningioma with a largely calcified psammomatous component was diagnosed. The girl made a complete recovery, and is tumor-free 9 years postoperatively. Outcome from surgery for spinal meningiomas can be good, despite the severity of the preoperative condition; however, en-plaque and highly calcific tumors still bear a poorer prognosis. Complete resection is mandatory in children, in whom they are extremely rare. Modern imaging techniques help in making a correct initial diagnosis and optimizing surgery in order to provide good results, even in more-challenging cases. (orig.)

  7. Predicting Turkish Ninth Grade Students' Algebra Preformance

    Ayhan Kursat Erbas

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The prediction of students’ achievement in algebra in eighth and ninth grades has become a research interest for practical issues of placement. A group of simple, easily accessible variables was used to predict student performance in algebra after completion of eighth grade. The three variables of school type, grade level, and previous year mathematics performance explained 54% of the variance in algebra performance. Furthermore, school type was the dominant predictor of performance, explaining 33% of the total variation in algebra achievement.

  8. Through Biodiversity and Multiplicative Principles Turkish Students Transform the Culture of STEM Education

    Robert M. Capraro; Capraro, Mary Margaret; Barroso, Luciana R.; Morgan, James R.

    2016-01-01

    In this article the principle investigators of the various projects that comprise Aggie STEM at Texas A&M University discuss the impact and cross pollination of having graduate students from Turkey working and conducting their research as part of the multi-college Aggie STEM project.  Turkish students have been engaged in instrumental roles since the inception of Aggie STEM and its growth as a tightly intertwined multi-national and ubiquitous STEM entity. The influence of Turkish students...

  9. Incio da vida sexual entre adolescentes (10 a 14 anos) e comportamentos em sade / Sexual initiation among adolescents (10 to 14 years old) and health behaviors

    Helen, Gonalves; Eduardo Coelho, Machado; Ana Luiza Gonalves, Soares; Fabio Alberto, Camargo-Figuera; Lenise Menezes, Seering; Marlia Arndt, Mesenburg; Marlia Cruz, Guttier; Raquel Siqueira, Barcelos; Romina, Buffarini; Maria Ceclia Formoso, Assuno; Pedro Curi, Hallal; Ana Maria Baptista, Menezes.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalncia de incio da vida sexual at os 14 anos de idade e fatores sociodemogrficos e comportamentais relacionados sua ocorrncia. MTODOS: Em 2008, 4.325 adolescentes dos 5.249 pertencentes ao estudo de coorte de nascimentos de Pelotas, R [...] io Grande do Sul (1993) foram entrevistados. O incio da vida sexual foi definido como primeira relao sexual ocorrida at os 14 anos. As informaes foram obtidas atravs de questionrios durante o acompanhamento de 2008, com entrevistas realizadas nos domiclios. As varveis analisadas foram: cor da pele, ndice de bens, escolaridade materna e do adolescente, uso experimental de cigarro e de lcool, episdio de embriaguez, uso de alguma droga ilcita pelo adolescente ou pelos amigos e envolvimento em brigas no ltimo ano. Alm dessas, foram analisados o uso de preservativos e contraceptivos, nmero de parceiros(as) e idade de iniciao sexual. RESULTADOS: A prevalncia de iniciao sexual foi de 18,6%, sendo maior no sexo masculino, nos adolescentes com menor escolaridade, de baixo nvel econmico e naqueles cujas mes tinham baixa escolaridade e tiveram filhos na adolescncia. A prtica sexual esteve relacionada s variveis comportamentais analisadas. Na ltima relao sexual, 30% das entrevistadas no haviam usado mtodos contraceptivos e 18% no usaram preservativos. Meninos referiram maior nmero de parceiros(as) sexuais do que meninas. CONCLUSO: Resultados apontam uma relao entre iniciao sexual (? 14 anos) e comportamentos vulnerveis sade. O no uso de preservativos e contraceptivos pode torn-los vulnerveis a experimentarem situaes no desejadas. Estratgias educativas e socioculturais em sade devem ser praticadas desde o incio da adolescncia. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of sexual initiation until the age of 14 years old, as well as sociodemographic and behavioral factors. METHODS: In 2008, 4,325 from the 5,249 adolescents of the 1993 birth cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, were interviewed. S [...] exual initiation was defined as the first intercourse up to the age of 14 years old. The information was obtained by interviewing adolescents in their houses, during the 2008 follow-up. The analyzed variables were: skin color, asset index, maternal and adolescents' schooling, experimental use of tobacco and alcohol, drunkenness episode, use of any illicit drug, illegal drug use by friends and involvement in fights during the past year. Use of condoms and contraceptive methods, number of partners and the age of sexual initiation were also analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of sexual initiation by the age of 14 was of 18.6%. Lower schooling, asset index and maternal education were related to higher prevalence of sexual initiation until the age of 14, as well as being male or being born to adolescent mothers. Sexual intercourse was also related to the behavioral variables analyzed. Among adolescent girls who had intercourse up to the age of 14, 30% did not use contraception and 18% did not use condoms in the last sexual intercourse. Boys reported a higher number of sexual partners than girls. CONCLUSION: The results suggest a relationship between sexual intercourse (? 14 years) and some health-risk behaviors. The non-use of condoms and contraceptives may make them vulnerable to experiencing unwanted situations. Education and sociocultural strategies for health should be implemented from the beginning of adolescence.

  10. Renal medullary AA amyloidosis, hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleated hepatocytes in a 14-year-old free-ranging lioness (Panthera leo

    J.H. Williams

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available A 14-year-old lioness, originating from Etosha in Namibia, and a member of a pride in Pilanesberg National Park since translocation in 1994, was euthanased due to fight-related vertebral fracture and spinal injury, incurred approximately 6-8 weeks previously. Blood specimens collected at the time of death showed mild anaemia and a leukogram reflecting stress and chronic infection. Necropsy conducted within 2 hours of death was on a dehydrated, emaciated animal with hindquarter wasting and chronic traumatic friction injuries from dragging her hindlegs. There was cellulitis in the region of bite-wounds adjacent to the thoraco-lumbar vertebral fracture, at which site there was spinal cord compression, and there was marked intestinal helminthiasis. The outer renal medullae appeared pale and waxy and the liver was macroscopically unremarkable. Histopathology and electron microscopy of the kidneys revealed multifocal to coalescing deposits of proximal medullary interstitial amyloid, which fluoresced strongly with thioflavine T, and was sensitive to potassium permanganate treatment prior to Congo Red staining, thus indicating inflammatory (AA origin. There was diffuse hepatocyte dissociation, as well as numerous binucleated and scattered multinucleated (up to 8 nuclei/cell hepatocytes, with swollen hepatocyte mitochondria, in liver examined light microscopically. Ultrastructurally, the mono-, bi- and multinucleated hepatocytes contained multifocal irregular membrane-bound accumulations of finely-granular, amorphous material both intra-cytoplasmically and intra-nuclearly, as well as evidence of irreversible mitochondrial injury. The incidence and relevance in cats and other species of amyloidosis, particularly with renal medullary distribution, as well as of hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleation, as reported in selected literature, is briefly overviewed and their occurrence in this lioness is discussed.

  11. The biological age of 14-year-old boys and success in adult soccer: do early maturers predominate in the top-level game?

    Ostojic, Sergej M; Castagna, Carlo; Calleja-González, Julio; Jukic, Igor; Idrizovic, Kemal; Stojanovic, Marko

    2014-01-01

    Talent identification and development in soccer is often biased by maturation-related differences of young athletes. However, there is no information available about success rates for youth maturing at different tempos to achieve success in elite adult soccer. The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of different maturational groups among boys playing soccer, and to track them for competence in adult performance. A prospective cohort study design was used to follow 55, 14-year-old boys playing in Serbian youth soccer Division I over eight years. At the age of 14, biological age using skeletal age rates was determined, and participants were categorized as early maturers (EaM), normal maturers (NoM), and late maturers (LaM). Game competence for adult soccer at age 22 was described as elite if an individual played for clubs competing in top-five international soccer leagues (La Liga, Premier League, Bundesliga, Serie A, and Ligue 1), and/or has become a member of an adult National team. Among boys in our study group, 43.8% were categorized as EaM, 35.4% as NoM, and 20.8% as LaM (P = 0.11). A significant difference in biological age was found among maturational groups at age 14, with EaM > NoM > LaM (P > 0.0001). When assessed for adult soccer competence, 33.3% of participants (16 out of 48 players) succeed in achieving elite level. Elite soccer competence acquired 60.1% players from the group of LaM, 38.1% from NoM, and 11.8% from EaM (P > 0.0001). Our comparative analysis suggests that soccer excludes early maturing boys and favors late maturing boys as level of performance increases. PMID:25295477

  12. The Production of Turkish Relative Clauses in Second Language Acquisition: Overcoming Student Difficulties

    Anjel Toczu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on teaching relative clauses (R.Cs in Turkish, a left-branching language, and discusses the relative difficulty of producing RCs in Turkish by English-speaking learners by investigating whether the production of subject relative clauses in Turkish is easier than that of the object relative clauses. It also offers suggestions as to how to help learners overcome these difficulties. Turkish and English belong to two different language families, Altaic and Inda-European respectively. This study lends further insight that Turkish does not have RCs similar to those found in Inda-European languages. Instead, in Turkish RCs comprise nominalized verbs and participles. The characteristics of Turkish are also explained such as its word order, agglutinating morphology, vowel and consonant harmony rules as well as case markers indicating grammatical relations between sentence constituents, which shed light to our understanding of RCs in Turkish. Data was collected through written and oral tasks from students enrolled in a military intensive Turkish language training program in the United States. Moreover, their performance was studied through classroom observations and one-on-one speaking activities.

  13. Educational Problems of Turkish Students Who Are Between 15-19 Living in Germany

    Soner Mehmet ÖZDEMİR

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine educational problems of Turkish students who are between 15 and 19 years old living in Germany. Sample of the study consisted of 197 Turkish students at secondary education level in Lunen, North Rein Westfalen in Germany. An instrument related to Turkish students’ educational problems has been developed to collect data in the study. In this study, most of Turkish students claim their level of German reading, writing, understanding and speaking is quite high, while about one-third of them express that their German grammer levels are moderate or low. Furthermore, more than half of Turkish students indicate their teachers have positive attitudes towards them, almost two-fifth of students state that school administrators behave equally to them like other German students and two-third of them express that they benefit from school facilities equally. Moreover, three-fourth of Turkish students state they are satisfied with their schools and more than half of them think that they can find a job easily after graduation.

  14. Student Attitudes toward Technology Enhanced History Education: Comparison between Turkish and American Students

    Ibrahim Turan

    2010-01-01

    Similar with all educational approaches in technology enhanced instruction teacher and student attitudes toward the new approach plays a critical role in determining its effectiveness. The purpose of the study is to examine Turkish and American student attitudes and thoughts toward the use of educational technologies in history courses and the factors that might affect their attitudes. The study also aims to compare the results to determine whether there are any differences between the attitu...

  15. Problematic Internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and Internet activities

    Erkan Tekinarslan; Melih Derya Gürer

    2011-01-01

     This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.).Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610). The results indicate that the female students (N=358) had s...

  16. Music Education Department students attitudes towards “Turkish Music History” course

    Burçin Uçaner; Nezihe Şentürk

    2013-01-01

    This research was conducted in order to analyze the attitudes of second, third, and fourth grade students at the Faculty of Education, Department of Music Education towards the Turkish Music History course. Descriptive research methods with quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been adopted with an integrated approach. The sample group includes 871 second, third, and fourth students from Music Education Departments of 12 universities in Turkey. Data have been obtained via a Turkish Mu...

  17. Problematic internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and internet activities

    Melih Derya Gürer; Erkan Tekinarslan

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.).Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610). The results indicate that the female students (N=358) had significantly...

  18. Relationship Between Occurrence of Guillan-Barre Syndrome and Mass Campaign of Measles and Rubella Immunization in Iranian 5-14 Years Old Children

    Mohammad-Nasr Dadras

    Full Text Available Objective: Several case reports and epidemiologic studies have reported a relation between different vaccines including measles, rubella, and mumps and Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS. In this study we investigated relation between receiving measles and/or rubella vaccines and occurrence of Guillain- Barre syndrome after national immunization campaign in 2003 in Iran.Material & Methods: In this study we used National Surveillance system for acute flaccid paralysis data from the beginning of 2002 to the end of 2004. We studied 5-14 year-old children. Three-year time span of the study was divided into fifteen 10 weeks periods, and number of reported and approved cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome in each time period has been analyzed supposing their distribution was according to Poisson distribution. One of time periods has been chosen in a manner that its first 4 weeks included embedded National Immunization and following 6 weeks were designated for covering incubation period of Guillin- Barre syndrome.Findings: Of total 553 reported flaccid paralysis cases in 5-15 year-old children 370 were approved to be Guillain- Barre (~67%. Estimated average incidence of Guillain-Barre syndrome in <15 year-olds is 1/100,000/year (95% CI: 0.88-13, and in 5-15 year-old children is 0.6/100,000/year (95% CI: 0.58-083. Thus, number of expected cases in 25 cases each 10 weeks time period was 23.8 of GBS that were reported in the time period which coincided with immunization campaign. Probability of occurring ≥25 cases of GBS in that time period according to Poison distribution with expected case numbers of 23.8 is equal to 0.43 (P=0.43.Conclusion: Yearly incidence rate of GBS in this study was similar to other studies. According to our results, there was no increase in GBS incidence in the 4 weeks national Immunization Campaign and 6 weeks after it in comparison to other 10 weeks periods before or after this time period.

  19. Condom-related beliefs among Turkish university students

    Serap Bulduk

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Young people are at a high risk of contracting HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI. However, their rate of condom use is low. The purpose of the study is to investigate health beliefs affecting condom use among Turkish university students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from June to September of 2007. Two hundred and fifty-four (254 university students were interviewed using a questionnaire. A logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with condom use. Sixteen (16 percent of the females and 67 percent of the males used condoms during their last sexual intercourse. Failure to use a condom was related to a perceived reduction in sexual satisfaction [OR = 5.46 (1.69 – 17.60] and financial limitations [OR = 2.76 (1.46 – 5.20]. These data will be useful in designing and improving HIV/STD prevention programs in Turkey.

  20. Comportamiento de las anomalas dentomaxilofaciales en nios de 9 a 14 aos / Behavior of dentomaxillofacial anomalies in children from 9 to 14 years old

    Yairis, Duque Alberro; Arlene L, Corrales Len; Yolaini, Pulido Valladares; Anay, Rezk Daz.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Las anomalas dentomaxilofaciales comprenden las alteraciones de crecimiento, desarrollo y fisiologsmo de los componentes anatmicos que conforman el sistema estomatogntico. Se realiz un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 150 nios de 9 a 14 aos de edad, de las escuelas atendidas en la Clnica [...] Estomatolgica "Antonio Briones Montoto" de Pinar del Ro, en el perodo comprendido entre enero de 2008 y julio de 2009, con el objetivo de identificar la prevalencia de anomalas dentomaxilofaciales segn las variables seleccionadas y el comportamiento segn los antecedentes patolgicos individuales. La muestra se seleccion a travs de un muestreo aleatorio estratificado proporcional al tamao de los estratos. Los nios fueron examinados en sus aulas, con luz natural, usando depresores linguales. La informacin recogida fue recopilada en una base de datos mediante Microsoft Excel, y se proces por el programa estadstico Statistical Package for the Social Science Versin 10.0 para Windows. Se realiz la comparacin de proporciones de grupos independientes con el objetivo de determinar las variables de prevalencia ms significativas y la prueba Ji cuadrado en su variante de independencia para verificar la relacin entre las categoras seleccionadas. Las anomalas dentarias fueron las alteraciones ms prevalentes. El sexo ms afectado fue el masculino, as como el grupo de edades de 9-11 aos. Entre los factores etiolgicos estudiados los hbitos fueron los ms frecuentes seguido de los agentes fsicos. Se concluye que existe una alta prevalencia de anomalas dentarias en estrecha relacin con los hbitos deformantes. Abstract in english Dentomaxillofacial anomalies include growing alterations, development and the physiology of the anatomical components that constitute the stomatognathic system. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with 150 children from 9 to 14 years old of the schools attending at "Antonio Briones Mo [...] ntoto" Dentist Clinic in Pinar del Rio, during January 2008-July 2009. The study was aimed at identifying the prevalence of dentomaxillofacial anomalies regarding chosen variables and the behavior according to individual past pathologies. The sample was taken using a stratified, at random, and proportional to the stratus size sampling. Children were examined in their classrooms, with natural light and using lingual depressor. The information was collected in a database by means of Microsoft Excel, processing it by the statistical program of Statistical Package for the Social Science, Version 10.0 to Windows. A comparison of proportions of independent groups was performed with the purpose of determining the most significant variables of prevalence and chi-square test in its variance of independence to verify the relation among the chosen categories. Dental anomalies were the most prevalent anomalies. Male sex and the age bracket of 9-11 prevailed. Among the etiological factors studied, the habits were the most frequent followed by physical agents; observing a high prevalence of dental anomalies in close relation to deforming habits.

  1. Factors Affecting the Mathematics Achievement of Turkish Students in PISA 2012

    Uysal, Sengül

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to analyze the effect of variables determining mathematics interest, mathematics self- concept, mathematics anxiety, teacher-student relation, classroom management and sense of belonging on the Mathematics achievement of Turkish students in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012. Structural equation modeling…

  2. Factors Affecting the Motivation of Turkish Primary Students for Science Learning

    Cavas, Pinar

    2011-01-01

    In this study, Turkish primary students' (sixth to eighth grade) motivation toward science learning was investigated and factors affecting this determined. The sample for the study consisted of 376 students from 5 different primary schools in Izmir. The data were collected through a Students' Motivation toward Science Learning (SMTSL)…

  3. Factors Affecting the Mathematics Achievement of Turkish Students in PISA 2012

    Uysal, Sengl

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to analyze the effect of variables determining mathematics interest, mathematics self- concept, mathematics anxiety, teacher-student relation, classroom management and sense of belonging on the Mathematics achievement of Turkish students in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012. Structural equation modeling

  4. Validity and Reliability of the QIDS-SR16-Turkish in Comparison with BDI-II-Turkish Among Young Outpatient Sample of Turkish University Students

    Kurtuluş Öngel

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Ob­jec­ti­ve: To evaluate the validity and reliability of 16-item self-report version of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS-SR16 scale in comparison with BDI-II-Turkish (BDI-II-T in a young sample of Turkish university students.Met­hods: A slightly modified version of the QIDS-SR16-Turkish (QIDS-SR16-T available at www.ids-qids.org, along with the BDI-II-T, was administered to 628 young Turkish university students who attended the Family Health Center in Uludağ University Campus between February and April 2010. Descriptive analyses, Student’s t-test, receiver operating characteristic (ROC analysis, and confirmatory factor analyses were used in the study.Re­sults: The mean age of the participants was 21.1±2.16 (SD years; 67.8% were female and 32.2% were male. Cronbach’s α coefficient for internal consistency of the QIDS-SR16-T was found to be 0.769. The mean item-total correlation was 0.45, ranging from 0.29 to 0.71. The correlation between the BDI-II-T and QIDS-SR16-T was 0.72. ROC curve analysis suggested 9 as the optimal cut-off for a clinical depression level for the QIDS-SR16-T. Conc­lu­si­on: We observed that the QIDS-SR16-T demonstrated good psychometric properties in a sample of young Turkish students and has convergent validity with the BDI-II-T, a widely used scale for depression. It is essential to diagnose reliably the major depressive disorder and to follow up the patients by valid screening instruments in primary care setting. The internal consistencies of the QIDS determined in studies from the United States were greater than our Cronbach’s α coefficient, but there was no statistically significant difference between them (z=0.55, p>0.05. The QIDS-SR16-T can be reliably used in primary care settings. (Arc­hi­ves of Neu­ropsy­chi­atry 2012;49: 1-5

  5. Changes in and the Relationship between Language Learning Motivation and Self-Concept in 11-14 Year-Old Students in Hungary: A Longitudinal Study

    Péter-Szarka, Szilvia

    2012-01-01

    Motivation to learn foreign languages is a significant determinant of successful language acquisition. The subject has been widely researched in the past, and since the early 1990s a great deal of empirical research related to the classroom environment has been proposed to expand theory into everyday classroom practice. I present an empirical,…

  6. Exploring academic procrastination among Turkish students: possible gender differences in prevalence and reasons.

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Ferrari, Joseph R

    2009-04-01

    The authors examined the prevalence of and reasons, or excuses, for academic procrastination as a function of gender and academic grade level. In Study 1, a factor analysis of responses by 203 Turkish undergraduate students to an academic procrastination measure provided evidence of reliability and validity for the revised scale. In Study 2,784 students (363 women, 421 men; M age = 20.6 years, SD age = 1.74 years) completed the validated Turkish Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students. The results were that 52% of students self-reported frequent academic procrastination, with male students reporting more frequent procrastination on academic tasks than female students. Significantly more female students than male students reported greater academic procrastination because of fear of failure and laziness; male students reported more academic procrastination as a result of risk taking and rebellion against control than did female students. PMID:19425360

  7. Experiences of Turkish Student Teachers in Pedagogy and Educational Technology during an Internship Program in the US

    Sahin, Ismail; Toy, Serkan

    2009-01-01

    This quantitative research study was conducted to examine technological and pedagogical experiences of Turkish student teachers in a US Department of State sponsored international internship program. The internship program had a specific emphasis on student-centered teaching and technology integration. Turkish interns completed a 6-week teaching

  8. Turkish College Students' Subjective Wellbeing in Regard to Psychological Strengths and Demographic Variables: Implications for College Counseling

    Sivis-Cetinkaya, Rahsan

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated Turkish college students' subjective wellbeing in regard to psychological strength and demographic variables. A sample of Turkish college students (N?=?1,052) aged 17-32 (mean age = 21, SD = 1.79) was administered various psychological strength instruments--the Gratitude Scale, the Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory, the…

  9. Reflections of Turkish International Graduate Students: Studies on Life at a U.S. Midwestern University

    Burkholder, Jessica Reno

    2014-01-01

    A modified version of Moustakas' (1994) method of analyzing phenomenological data was used to illuminate how full-time, single, Turkish international graduate students conceptualized their experiences as international students. The participants detailed common and salient aspects of their experience: personal growth, decisions regarding…

  10. The Role of University Students' Attitude towards Turkish Language Lesson in Interpreting Reading Strategies

    Aytan, Necmi

    2015-01-01

    In this study, the aim is to measure the effect of students' reading strategies and attitudes towards Turkish language on reading habits. 323 first grade students receiving education in 2014-2015 semester in International Antalya University located at the center of Antalya were involved in the study. As the method, relational screening model was…

  11. Reflections of Turkish International Graduate Students: Studies on Life at a U.S. Midwestern University

    Burkholder, Jessica Reno

    2014-01-01

    A modified version of Moustakas' (1994) method of analyzing phenomenological data was used to illuminate how full-time, single, Turkish international graduate students conceptualized their experiences as international students. The participants detailed common and salient aspects of their experience: personal growth, decisions regarding

  12. Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions

    Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children.…

  13. Relationships of Homework Motivation and Preferences to Homework Achievement and Attitudes in Turkish Students

    Iflazoglu, Ayten; Hong, Eunsook

    2012-01-01

    Whether students' motivation, organizational approaches, physical needs, and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process predict homework achievement and attitudes toward homework was examined in 1,776 Turkish students in Grades 5 through 8. The Homework Motivation and Preference Questionnaire was utilized to assess

  14. Premarital Sex, Social Support, Submissive Behaviors, and Loneliness among Turkish University Students

    Yalcin, Ilhan; Aricioglu, Ahu; Malkoc, Asude

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differences in social support, submissive behaviors, and loneliness existed among Turkish university students who had had premarital sexual intercourse and those who had not. Using self-reported questionnaires, students who had experienced sexual intercourse were contrasted with those who had…

  15. Exploring Bilingualism in a Monolingual School System: Insights from Turkish and Native Students from Belgian Schools

    Agirdag, Orhan

    2010-01-01

    A growing body of empirical studies indicates the educational benefits of bilingualism. Despite this tendency, bilingual minority students are being pressured by school authorities to shed their mother tongues. We conducted qualitative interviews with Turkish-bilingual and native-monolingual students in Flemish (Belgium) secondary schools to

  16. The Relationships among Unethical Computer Usage Behavior and Some Personality Characteristics of Turkish University Students

    Ceyhan, A. Aykut; Ceyhan, Esra

    2007-01-01

    This research aims at examining the relationships among unethical computer usage behavior and the personality characteristics of locus of control, adjustment to social norms, antisocial tendency, and aggression on Turkish university students. The research was applied to 217 university students. Data were collected through Unethical Computer Using…

  17. Fear of the Unknown: A Pre-Departure Qualitative Study of Turkish International Students

    Brown, Lorraine; Aktas, Gurhan

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents findings from 11 in-depth interviews with Turkish undergraduate students, who were, by the time of data collection, about to spend a semester at a European university under the Erasmus exchange scheme. The students all agreed to be interviewed about their feelings about studying in a foreign culture, and were found to be…

  18. Determination of Factors Effected Dietary Glycemic Index in Turkish University Students

    Gumus, Huseyin; Akdevelioglu, Yasemin; Bulduk, Sidika

    2014-01-01

    We aimed to determine how factors such as smoking, regular activity, etc. affected dietary glycemic index in university students. Methods: This study was carried out at Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey. The participants were 577 randomly selected Turkish healthy female university students aged 17-32 years. The survey included a questionnaire that…

  19. A Study on Sixth-Grade Turkish Students' Spatial Visualization Ability

    Kurtulus, Aytac; Yolcu, Belma

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate sixth-grade Turkish students' spatial visualization ability and to determine the strategies that students employ and the mistakes that they make while solving the problems requiring spatial reasoning. Therefore, the study examined the following achievements: visualizing different view images of…

  20. A Comparative Study of French and Turkish Students' Ideas on Acid-Base Reactions

    Cokelez, Aytekin

    2010-01-01

    The goal of this comparative study was to determine the knowledge that French and Turkish upper secondary-school students (grades 11 and 12) acquire on the concept of acid-base reactions. Following an examination of the relevant curricula and textbooks in the two countries, 528 students answered six written questions about the acid-base concept.

  1. Assessment of Communication Skills of Physical Education and Sport Students in Turkish Universities

    Aydin, Ali Dursun

    2015-01-01

    This study assessed the communication skills of the students studying in physical education and sports schools in various universities in Turkey. A total of 1,854 Physical Education and Sports students in five Turkish universities participated in the study. The instrument used to gather information for this study comprised the demographic…

  2. Through Biodiversity and Multiplicative Principles Turkish Students Transform the Culture of STEM Education

    Capraro, Robert M.; Capraro, Mary Margaret; Barroso, Luciana R.; Morgan, James R.

    2016-01-01

    In this article the principle investigators of the various projects that comprise Aggie STEM at Texas A&M University discuss the impact and cross pollination of having graduate students from Turkey working and conducting their research as part of the multi-college Aggie STEM project. Turkish students have been engaged in instrumental roles…

  3. Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions

    Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children.

  4. Comparison of Ukrainian and Turkish Law Students' Attitudes towards Democratic Values: Cross-Cultural Study

    Kayalar, Fethi

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine Ukrainian and Turkish law students' attitudes towards democratic values and the factors that may affect these values and to compare them in terms of different variables. This study is a descriptive survey model. The research consists of total 226 students from three Schools of Law, two in Turkey and one in…

  5. SOME REFLECTIONS ON CULTURAL ADAPTATION OF TURKISH ERASMUS STUDENTS OF ELT DEPARTMENT

    YILDIRIM, Rana; İLİN, Gulden

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the experience of Turkish ELT students of Erasmus programme with specific reference to how they manage to adapt to a new culture. Data were collected by Socio-cultural Adaptation Scale, reports of former Erasmus students, and interviews. Consistent with the “culture shock” literature, findings reveal that students experienced problems at affective, behavioural, and cognitive levels and that they developed various strategies to handle these problems. In ...

  6. Examination of Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety and Achievement in Foreign Language in Turkish University Students in Terms of Various Variables

    Dogan, Yunus; Tuncer, Murat

    2016-01-01

    This correlational survey study aimed to investigate whether the Turkish prep-class students' foreign language classroom anxiety levels and foreign language achievement significantly differ in terms of such variables as their gender, their experience abroad, perceived level of income and any third language (other than Turkish and English) they…

  7. A Comparative Study of Turkish Elementary and Science Education Major Students' Knowledge Levels at the Popular Biotechnological Issues

    Turkmen, Lutfullah; Darcin, Emine Selcen

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of popular biotechnological issues of Turkish science and elementary teacher candidates. A questionnaire was administered during 2006-2007 school term to 336 students pursuing their education in the departments of science and elementary education in two Turkish universities. The

  8. Misconceptions of Students Related with the Turkish Lesson: The Grammar Example

    Batur, Zekerya

    2013-01-01

    Grammar concepts are among the fundamental concepts of Turkish teaching. Improper teaching of them may cause the rise of certain problems in the teaching of high-level lingual concepts. What is intended herein is to identify if 6th Grade students do encounter misconceptions while learning grammar concepts. Data of the study have been obtained via

  9. Turkish School Students and Global Warming: Beliefs and Willingness to Act

    Kilinc, Ahmet; Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin

    2011-01-01

    One aim of environmental education is to persuade people to act in more pro-environmental ways. However, there is not a linear relationship between environmental knowledge "in general" and a willingness to act pro-environmentally. This research explores, using a specially-devised questionnaire, Turkish school students' beliefs about the benefits

  10. Factors Mediating the Effect of Gender on Ninth-Grade Turkish Students' Misconceptions Concerning Electric Circuits

    Sencar, Selen; Eryilmaz, Ali

    2004-01-01

    This study was designed to identify and analyze possible factors that mediate the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits. A Simple Electric Circuit Concept Test (SECCT), including items with both practical and theoretical contexts, and an Interest-Experience Questionnaire about Electricity

  11. Parental Communication and Perceived Parental Attitudes about Sexuality among Turkish College Students

    Topkaya, Nursel

    2012-01-01

    This current study was conducted to examine parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality with respect to gender among Turkish college students. Moreover, attitudes toward premarital sexuality with respect to gender were explored. A demographic data form, premarital sexual permissiveness scale, parental communication…

  12. Views of Elementary and Middle School Turkish Students toward Environmental Issues. Research Report

    Yilmaz, Ozgul; Boone, William; Andersen, Hans

    2004-01-01

    This study was conducted in order to identify the intensity of Turkish students' views with regard to environmental issues presented in the national curriculum and to determine how these views differ by gender, grade level, previous science achievement, socio-economic status (SES), and school location. For this project, a 51-item Attitude Toward

  13. Unethical Computer Using Behavior Scale: A Study of Reliability and Validity on Turkish University Students

    Namlu, Aysen Gurcan; Odabasi, Hatice Ferhan

    2007-01-01

    This study was carried out in a Turkish university with 216 undergraduate students of computer technology as respondents. The study aimed to develop a scale (UECUBS) to determine the unethical computer use behavior. A factor analysis of the related items revealed that the factors were can be divided under five headings; intellectual property,…

  14. Suicidality, Problem-Solving Skills, Attachment Style, and Hopelessness in Turkish Students

    Zeyrek, Emek Yuce; Gencoz, Faruk; Bergman, Yoav; Lester, David

    2009-01-01

    Among 180 Turkish university students, the probability of suicide was strongly predicted by both hopelessness and deficiencies in problem solving. In addition, for women, unhealthy attachment styles (preoccupied and dismissing) also predicted suicidality. The clinical implications of these findings are that psychotherapists should focus on helping…

  15. Opinions of Instructors about Reading Skills of Syrian Students Learning Turkish

    Gün, Mesut

    2015-01-01

    The outbreak of domestic turmoil in Syria in 2011 forced Syrian people to seek refuge in the neighbouring countries, one of which was Turkey. This situation brought many problems, the primary of which was language. In this sense, teaching Turkish to Syrian students became a necessity. Therefore, conducting research on language skills was seriously…

  16. The Consequences of Internet Cafe use on Turkish College Students' Social Capital

    Koc, Mustafa; Ferneding, Karen Ann

    2007-01-01

    This paper draws on a part of the doctoral research study that investigates the potential impacts of Internet cafe use on Turkish college students' social capital. In this study, Internet cafe usage was portrayed by the amount of time spent and the frequency of online activities engaged at the cafes. Social capital, on the other hand, was…

  17. Problematic Internet Use among Turkish University Students: A Multidimensional Investigation Based on Demographics and Internet Activities

    Tekinarslan, Erkan; Gurer, Melih Derya

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the Turkish undergraduate university students' problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.). Moreover, the study explored some predictors of…

  18. Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students

    Civitci, Asim

    2010-01-01

    In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

  19. Views of Elementary and Middle School Turkish Students toward Environmental Issues. Research Report

    Yilmaz, Ozgul; Boone, William; Andersen, Hans

    2004-01-01

    This study was conducted in order to identify the intensity of Turkish students' views with regard to environmental issues presented in the national curriculum and to determine how these views differ by gender, grade level, previous science achievement, socio-economic status (SES), and school location. For this project, a 51-item Attitude Toward…

  20. Turkish University Students' Motivation to Learn English: Integration into International Community

    Bektas-Cetinkaya, Yesim

    2012-01-01

    This article explores Turkish university students' motivation and orientations toward learning English in a globalizing world. The study utilizes questionnaire responses and a focus group interview. Factor analysis of questionnaire data revealed three independent orientations, namely, "Integration into International Community," "Integration into…

  1. Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students

    Civitci, Asim

    2010-01-01

    In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted

  2. The Effects of Using Animations on Sixth Grade Students' Academic Success in Turkish Grammar Learning

    Gün, Mesut

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this empirical study is to determine how and to what extent the use of animations impacts auditory acquisition, one of the key learning fields in 6th grade grammar, as measured by students' academic success and completion rates. By using a pre-test and post-test design, this empirical study randomly divided a group of Turkish 6th…

  3. Turkish School Students and Global Warming: Beliefs and Willingness to Act

    Kilinc, Ahmet; Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin

    2011-01-01

    One aim of environmental education is to persuade people to act in more pro-environmental ways. However, there is not a linear relationship between environmental knowledge "in general" and a willingness to act pro-environmentally. This research explores, using a specially-devised questionnaire, Turkish school students' beliefs about the benefits…

  4. Surveying Turkish high school and university student attitudes and approaches to physics problem solving

    Balta, Nuri; Singh, Chandralekha

    2016-01-01

    Student attitudes and approaches to problem solving can impact how well they learn physics. Prior research in the US using a validated Attitude and Approaches to Problem Solving (AAPS) survey suggests that there are major differences between students in introductory physics and astronomy courses and physics experts in terms of their attitudes and approaches to physics problem solving. Here we discuss the validation, administration and analysis of data for the Turkish version of the AAPS survey for high school and university students in Turkey. After the validation and administration of the Turkish version of the survey, the analysis of the data was conducted by grouping the data by grade level, school type, and gender. While there are no statistically significant differences between the averages of various groups on the survey, overall, the university students in Turkey were more expert-like than vocational high school students. On an item by item basis, there are statistically differences between the average...

  5. Disruptive Behavior Disorders in 8 to 14 Years Old Offspring's of Opium and Heroin Dependent Parents: a Case-Control Study

    Eslami Shahrbabaki, Mahin; Ziaaddini, Hassan; Saieedi, Hamdollah; Nakhaiee, Nouzar

    2009-01-01

    Background: Drug abuse is usually associated with behavioral disorders in children especially conduct disorder. This study investigated the behavioral disorders of children whose parents were opium or heroin dependent in compare with children whose parents were non-addicts to find the effects of drug abuse on offspring's behavior disorders by adjusting intervening factors. Methods: This case-control study, compared the behavioral disorders of 128 students (aged 8 to 14 years) in two groups of...

  6. INVESTIGATING HANDWRITING SKILLS OF TURKISH STUDENTS STUDYING IN THE GERMANY ELEMANTARY SCHOOL (GRUNDSCHULE: CASE OF STUTTGART

    Suna ZTRK

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to investigate handwriting skills of Turkishstudents studying in the Germany elementary school (Grundschule. Participantswere 42 third and fourth grade Turkish students in Stuttgart, Baden-Wrttemberg.The data were collected through Writing Observation Protocol, and copying anddictating instruments. Findings illustrated that most of the students preferredappropriate body state, pencil holding and pencil grasping styles for their writingapplications. Additionally, most of the students preferred cursive, so much manuscript and a few mixed writing styles. It was also evidenced that most commonwriting errors were related to spelling and punctuation. Based on the findings, thisstudy suggested several implications to hand writing skills of Turkish students whoare studying in Germany.

  7. Student Readiness for Technology Enhanced History Education in Turkish High Schools

    ?brahim Turan

    2010-01-01

    This study examined whether the Turkish high school social sciences major students would feel adequate and fit in atechnology-enhanced educational environment, particularly in history classrooms. To this extent, this study investigated highschool students level of proficiency in technology-use and their attitudes toward the use of educational technologies inclassrooms. The data for this study was collected using Kolbs Learning Style Inventory (LSI Version-3) and a 27-item TechnologyQuestion...

  8. Turkish secondary education students' perceptions of their classroom learning environment and their attitude towards biology

    Telli, S.; Cakiroglu, J.; den Brok, P.

    2006-01-01

    The domain of learning environments research has produced many promising findings, leading to an enhancement of the teaching and learning process in many countries. However, there have been a limited number of studies in this field in Turkey. For that reason, the purpose of the present study was to examine Turkish high school students perceptions of their classroom environment in biology and to investigate relationships between these perceptions and students attitudes toward biology. Second...

  9. A comparative study on family environment, self-concept and school performances of Turkish, German and foreign students living in Germany

    Somcelik-Köksal, Aysegül

    2008-01-01

    There are 1.998.534 Turkish people living in Germany (Beauftragte der Bundesregierung für Ausländerfrage, 2002). According to Educational Department of Turkish Embassy in Berlin (2001), it is indicated that 517 552 Turkish students are attending to preschools, elementary schools, special education schools, and vocational schools. The most common problems of Turkish children, living as an immigrant, are feeling of insecurity, shyness, sociability, need for affection and feeling of loneliness ...

  10. Adaptation and validation of Child Oral Impact on Daily Performance index in 11-14-year-old Chilean school children

    Constanza Vera

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The health condition of a population is often rated through clinical indicators. However, the psychological and social impact of diseases on quality of life has been noticed of late. Objective: to adapt, in cultural terms, the Child- Oral Impact on Daily Performance (C-OIDP questionnaire in its self- administered form and evaluate its psychometric properties among Chilean teenagers aged 11-14 from the city of Licantn, Chile, in 2013. Methodology: A cross-sectional study on scales validation. Face validity was determined by experts opinion, criterion validity by correlation with measures of self-rated health and dental treatment needs, internal consistency using the Cronbach's alpha, and temporal stability using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC for test- retest within a 10-day window. The sample consisted of 203 students aged 11 to 14 years from the urban sector of Licantn city. Results: Five experts determined proper face validity of the C-OIDP scale. Regarding criterion validity, statistically significance association (p RESUMEN Tradicionalmente el estado de salud oral de una poblacin es evaluado mediante indicadores clnicos. Sin embargo, se ha venido reconociendo la importancia del impacto psicosocial de las enfermedades en la calidad de vida de la poblacin. Objetivo: Adaptar culturalmente el cuestionario Child- Oral Index Daily Performance (C-OIDP en su versin auto-administrada y evaluar sus propiedades psicomtricas en adolescentes chilenos de 11 a 14 aos de la ciudad de Licantn, ao 2013. Metodologa: Estudio de validacin de escalas. Se determin validez de fachada mediante opinin de expertos; de criterio mediante correlacin con medidas de autopercepcin de salud y necesidad de tratamiento; consistencia interna mediante Alpha de Cronbach; y estabilidad temporal mediante el coeficiente de correlacin intraclase (ICC para test-retest en un intervalo de 10 das. La muestra estuvo constituida por 203 escolares de 11 a 14 aos del sector urbano de la ciudad de Licantn. Resultados: Cinco expertos determinaron una adecuada validez de fachada de la escala C-OIDP. Se hallaron correlaciones estadsticamente significativas (p

  11. The Relationships between the Big Five Personality Traits and Academic Motivation Levels of Turkish University Students

    BOZANOĞLU, İhsan; Sapancı, Ahmet

    2015-01-01

    The relationships between personality traits and motivation are significant for effective learning and teaching. The main purpose of this study is to determine the relationships between personality traits and motivation levels of Turkish university students. The specific purpose of the study is to determine which personality factor predicts academic motivation to what extent. For this purpose, Adjective Based Personality Scale (ABPT)  developed by Bacanlı et al. (2009) was conducted on 353   ...

  12. The Influence of Presage and Study Processes on Academic Success of Undergraduate Turkish Students

    Suphi, Nilgün

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT: The aim of the research was to make a preformative evaluation on which presage (personal and institutional) factors have the strongest influence on the learning process factors and academic achievement and which learning process factors have the strongest influence on academic achievement of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th year Turkish undergraduate students studying in the Faculty of Education in the Eastern Mediterranean University in one of the following programs: Guidance and Psychologica...

  13. A Study on the Factors That Affect Turkish Students' Reading Comprehension Skills

    Aslan Y.

    2011-01-01

    Most of us often seem to read a piece of text, but we usually ignore using essential reading strategies during reading process. Thus, in this study a great deal of information was given about effective reading strategies to comprehend a passage or any other reading material in both native and foreign language. This study aims to show the significance of reading comprehension and the factors that affect the reading comprehension of Turkish students who want to improve their proficiency while r...

  14. Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

    Son Osman; Son Nazan; Ayranci Unal

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM) supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public uni...

  15. We are Learning Turkish

    Tahberer, Bekircan

    2015-01-01

    We are Learning Turkish (Türkçe Öğreniyoruz), a complete course in Turkish, comprises four volumes. Each volume has 10 chapters that aim to help students understand, write, read and speak the Turkish language through a step by step approach.

  16. Music Education Department students attitudes towards “Turkish Music History” course

    Burçin Uçaner

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted in order to analyze the attitudes of second, third, and fourth grade students at the Faculty of Education, Department of Music Education towards the Turkish Music History course. Descriptive research methods with quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been adopted with an integrated approach. The sample group includes 871 second, third, and fourth students from Music Education Departments of 12 universities in Turkey. Data have been obtained via a Turkish Music History Course Attitude Scale which was developed by the researcher. According to the findings of the research, students have stated that factors such as the inadequacy of the way the course was given, the attitude of the lecturer, the number of topics covered, the insipidity of the classes, the inappropriateness of the location and time of the classes, and the difficulty of the exams are the main reasons that negatively affected their attitudes. Nevertheless, they have stated that they enjoyed learning about Turkish music that the course contributed to their general knowledge and culture, that they liked the topics and that the course makes a positive impact on other courses; and they have made various suggestions.

  17. Reliability and validity of a Self-Efficacy Scale for AIDS Prevention among Turkish university students.

    Serap Bulduk

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This study design determined the internal consistency, validity and factorial structure of the Turkish Self-Efficacy scale for AIDS (T-SEA-27. The 27 items scale firstly was translated into Turkish using back-translation method and the cultural equivalence was provided by expert views. Secondly, the psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on 507 university students. The test-retest reliability of the intraclass correlations was satisfactory in a subsample of 60 students tested after a 2-week interval. Psychometric analysis supported the reliability and validity of the T-SEA-27 scale and four subscales: refusing sexual intercourse (a= .97, questioning potential partners (a= .90, condom use (a= .74 and family related (a= .95. The self-efficacy score was significantly higher for those studying in health sciences, those who were not sexually active and the female students. Our outcomes showed that T-SEA-27 is a valid instrument in evaluating self-efficacy for HIV/AIDS in Turkish young people.

  18. A Comparative Study on American and Turkish Students? Self Esteem in Terms of Sport Participation: A Study on Psychological Health

    Yigiter, Korkmaz

    2014-01-01

    The present research was conducted in order to compare self-esteem of American students with Turkish students in terms of the sport participation at the universities. For this purpose, a total of 460 students (M age = 19,61 ± 1,64) voluntarily participated in the study from two universities. As data collection tool, Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem…

  19. Dimensions of Learning Process over Global Environmental Problems: An Evaluation of Roger Conceptual Learning Method Regarding Turkish Undergraduate Students

    Oluk, Sami; Sakaci, Tansel

    2009-01-01

    The main objectives of the study have been testing Roger conceptual learning method with regard to Turkish students and to investigate the applicability of the method on graduate students. The experimental group was formed by 10 volunteer students. The study lasted 16 weeks according to group discussion method. In this period, global environmental

  20. Eating habits and lifestyle in a group Turkish primary education children

    Nazan Erenoglu

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of child obesity is increasing rapidly worldwide as well as Turkey due to skipped main meals and increased snacking. The objectives were to study the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in a group of Turkish children, and to analyze the relationship between eating habits and lifestyle and obesity. Methods: The study was carried out in 6 schools in urban regions in the city of Eskisehir, Western Turkey between February and May2008. Atotal of 1421 students aged 7 - 14 years (708 boys and 713 girls were examined. Eating habits and life-style were obtained by evaluation of a standard set of 15 questions prepared using the literature. Results: Most obese students reported having a snack in the afternoon, not spending at least five hours of leisure time per week in physical activities, being high income level, that their mother’ education level was university, eating less fruits, eating less vegetables, having more dessert after any meal, eating more potato chips, watching television more, living a physically active life less, less breast feeding, that their father consumed alcohol, that their father was overweight/ obese, their mother wase overweight/obese (statistically important relationships for each one. Conclusions: A small portion of 7 - 14-year-old Turkish children are at increased health risk owing to overweight and obesity in an urban po- pulation in a developing country.

  1. Student Readiness for Technology Enhanced History Education in Turkish High Schools

    İbrahim Turan

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This study examined whether the Turkish high school social sciences major students would feel adequate and fit in atechnology-enhanced educational environment, particularly in history classrooms. To this extent, this study investigated highschool students’ level of proficiency in technology-use and their attitudes toward the use of educational technologies inclassrooms. The data for this study was collected using Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory (LSI Version-3 and a 27-item TechnologyQuestionnaire. The results revealed that from the point of proficiency and attitude Turkish high school social sciences majorstudents have the essential technology skills and knowledge to feel adequate in a technology-enhanced learning environment.They also have positive attitudes toward use of educational technologies in history classrooms. Therefore they seem to beready for technology-enhanced instruction.

  2. Problematic Internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and Internet activities

    Erkan Tekinarslan

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available  This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day, and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc..Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610. The results indicate that the female students (N=358 had significantly lower PIU levels on all dimensions (i.e., social comfort, loneliness/depression, diminished impulse control and distraction than those of the males (N=252. Furthermore, the results reveal that the students who use the Internet for entertainment (e.g., game chat and social networking purposes have significantly higher PIU levels on all dimensions than the students who do not use the Internet for such purposes. However, the students who use the Internet for educational purposes have a significantly lower PIU level on distraction dimension, and the students who use the Internet for information searching demonstrate a significantly lower PIU level on the dimension of diminished impulse control. Moreover, multiple regression analyses reveal that Internet activities such as chat, entertainment and social networking are significant predictors of the all dimensions of PIU.  

  3. Problematic internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and internet activities

    Melih Derya Gürer

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day, and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc..Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610. The results indicate that the female students (N=358 had significantly lower PIU levels on all dimensions (i.e., social comfort, loneliness/depression, diminished impulse control and distraction than those of the males (N=252. Furthermore, the results reveal that the students who use the Internet for entertainment (e.g., game chat and social networking purposes have significantly higher PIU levels on all dimensions than the students who do not use the Internet for such purposes. However, the students who use the Internet for educational purposes have a significantly lower PIU level on distraction dimension, and the students who use the Internet for information searching demonstrate a significantly lower PIU level on the dimension of diminished impulse control. Moreover, multiple regression analyses reveal that Internet activities such as chat, entertainment and social networking are significant predictors of the all dimensions of PIU.

  4. Facebook addiction among Turkish college students: the role of psychological health, demographic, and usage characteristics.

    Koc, Mustafa; Gulyagci, Seval

    2013-04-01

    This study explored Facebook addiction among Turkish college students and its behavioral, demographic, and psychological health predictors. The Facebook Addiction Scale (FAS) was developed and its construct validity was assessed through factor analyses. A total of 447 students reported their personal information and Facebook usage and completed the FAS and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). The results revealed that weekly time commitment, social motives, severe depression, and anxiety and insomnia positively predicted Facebook addiction. Neither demographic variables nor the interactions of gender by usage characteristics were found to be significant predictors. PMID:23286695

  5. Turkish Middle School Students' Cognitive Development Levels in Science

    epni, Salih; zsevge, Tuncay; Cerrah, Lale

    2004-01-01

    Students' abstract reasoning abilities can differ from one society to another. Students' profiles play significant roles in these differences. The aim of the study is to determine the relationship between middle school students' cognitive development levels and their profiles (age, gender, and science achievement) using the Science Cognitive

  6. Turkish middle school students' cognitive development levels in science

    Salih EPN?

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Students' abstract reasoning abilities can differ from one society to another. Students'profiles play significant roles in these differences. The aim of the study is to determine the relationship between middle school students' cognitive development levels and their profiles (age, gender, and science achievement using the Science Cognitive Development Test (SCDT in Turkey. The subjects (N=445 were drawn from 7th and 8th grade students at private and public middle schools in five cities. While significant relationships were not found between students' cognitive developments and their genders and ages, a relationship was found with science achievement.

  7. WRITTEN PEER FEEDBACK APPERANCES OF C1 LEVEL TURKISH LEARNING FOREIGN STUDENTS

    Ergn HAMZADAYI

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research to describe various aspects of the process of writing foreign students learning Turkish in C1 level and the regulations that they provide feedback to their peers and to question the basis of the functionality of the peer review activities. Research was done with 32 students learning Turkish in the level of C1 and conducted content analysis on the feedback given by their peers. Feedbacks were classified according to their correct spelling consideration, types and wrightness with consideration of textual properties. The results were presented as percent and frequency. According to the findings total of 404 feedback given by students to the text and 5.69 % (23 feedback of the feedbacks were given to the correct spelling in the text. Another findings in the research there were 381 errors in texts and students gave feedbacks for 78.48 (299 feedbacks for them. On the other hand students gave %88.96 direct or corrective and 11.4 % indirect feedback. as a general according to the results peer review techniques could be effective activities in defining and correcting textual mistaken and advised to be used.

  8. A Comparison of Stereotypes of German and Turkish Students towards Balkans

    Gürcan Ültanır

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Effective emotional thoughts like attitudes, stereotyped judgments and preconceptions are dependent on both collective and individual experiences. Experiences like reading an article or watching a movie that is based on a context determined by the curriculum might cause individual or collective discrimination towards different ethnic or cultural groups among students in a country. This study aims to explore the difference between two nations which are the Turkish nation that has many cultural and political bonds with Balkans in the history and the German nation, which is a nation that has little or no bonds with the Balkans. The main aim of the study is to figure out if the stereotypes towards Balkans can change according to the country in which an individual has grown up. MANOVA was used to figure out the difference between two capitals with regard to stereotypes towards Balkans. Findings of the study indicated that negative stereotype scores of students significantly changed according to the country in which students grew up, whereas no significant difference was found for positive stereotype scores. Moreover, it was found that Turkish students have more negative stereotypes towards Balkans than German students

  9. Food Attitudes towards Food Safety Concept among Turkish University Students

    Nihat Aycan; Suat Türkoğuz; Özlem Tokuşoğlu

    2005-01-01

    This study investigated university students food choices focusing on their reported usual intake and food safety perceptions and conducted at Manisa Celal Bayar University Engineering Faculty, Science and Art Faculty and Education Faculty students. The present study primary investigated how affects the storage style, manufacturing qualification, shelf life and food safety concept, advertisement effect on consuming, natural and fortificated foods to university students. Meanwhile, faculty diff...

  10. Alcohol drinking behaviors among Turkish high school students.

    Alikaşifoğlu, Müjgan; Erginöz, Ethem; Ercan, Oya; Uysal, Omer; Albayrak-Kaymak, Deniz; Ilter, Ozdemir

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, behavioral patterns and correlates of regular alcohol drinking in high school students. This cross-sectional study involved the completion of a modified version of "Health Behavior in School Age Children" (HBSC 1997/1998) questionnaire by 4,153 grade 9-11 students from 26 randomly selected high schools in Istanbul. Chi-square test, Spearman correlation test and forward stepwise multiple logistic regression model were used for statistical analyses as appropriate. Overall, 61% of students were experimental drinkers, and 46% of the students were current drinkers. There was a significant difference between female and male students with respect to reporting current alcohol drinking at grade 9 and 11 (p > 0.05 for each comparison). Regular drinking was reported by 6% of students. Male students were more likely than female students to report regular drinking at each grade (p bullying others, being sexually active, playing computer games > or = 4 h/week, exercising or = four evenings with friends, at ease in talking to same gender friends, tiredness in the morning, perceived as good-looking/beautiful, higher educational level of the mother and perceived poor academic achievement. The results of this study showed that alcohol consumption is prevalent among high school students. There is therefore a need for school-based alcohol prevention programs which also deal with family and peer influences on drinking. PMID:15074374

  11. Gender, Gender Roles Affecting Mate Preferences in Turkish College Students

    Gazioglu, A. Esra Ismen

    2008-01-01

    The subject of this study is gender and gender roles affecting mate preferences. The sample of the study consists of 300 undergraduates and master students. To identify students' gender roles the Sex Role Evaluation Inventory (Bem, 1974) is used. The Question List (Bacanli 2001; Buss et. al., 1990) is applied to the sample group to determine the…

  12. Smoking at School: Views of Turkish University Students

    Nazmiye Erdogan

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The recent interest in cigarette smoking among university students has brought attention to problems concerning opinions, attitudes, prevention, health education, policy formulation and implementation. This survey research tested five hypotheses on the views of college students about smoking in school hallways and cafeteria, compliance with anti smoking laws, considering cigarette smoking as an expression of freedom of choice, teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices, and school administration’s policy on enforcing the law. Hypothesized differences between students’ views on the issues according to gender, smoking status and years at school were investigated. Data were obtained from 3,659 students attending six universities in Ankara, Turkey. The study findings provided support for all the hypothesized differences (except a single issue. Males and females differed significantly on all the issues studied. The majority of nonsmoking students have anti-smoking views in regards of the studied issues as compared to regular and occasional smokers. Smokers and nonsmokers markedly disagree on banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria and hallways. However, the majority of students are against teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices with the doors open. Although most students want a smoke free environment, there is no active-anti smoking policy on smoking by universities. Findings point out the need for campus-wide effective smoking prevention programs, as well as cessation programs and services for the students.

  13. Exploring Turkish Social Studies Student Teachers' Development of Identity

    Özbas, Banu Çulha

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore professional identity development among social studies student teachers in a four-year teacher education program in Turkey. Fifty-five student teachers participated in the study. Data were collected about their metaphorical images about teachers and social studies teachers and a series of in-depth interviews…

  14. The Effect of Turkish Students' Motivational Beliefs on Their Metacognitive Self-Regulation in Physics

    Gurcay, Deniz; Balta, Ebru

    2013-01-01

    It is emphasized in several studies that both domain specific factors and cultural values and beliefs could have an effect on students' metacognitive self-regulation and motivational beliefs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of motivational beliefs on Turkish students' metacognitive self-regulation in physics courses.

  15. The Views of Student-Teachers Attending a Turkish University on Discrimination Related to the Education of Women

    Murat, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    The current study aims to highlight how Turkish students perceive important issues such as discrimination against women, violence that surfaced as a result of discrimination, alienation, inequality between men and women and isolation of women from work life. A total of 50 students participated in the study. Individual interviews were conducted.…

  16. The Views of Student-Teachers Attending a Turkish University on Discrimination Related to the Education of Women

    Murat, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    The current study aims to highlight how Turkish students perceive important issues such as discrimination against women, violence that surfaced as a result of discrimination, alienation, inequality between men and women and isolation of women from work life. A total of 50 students participated in the study. Individual interviews were conducted.

  17. The Relation General Anxiety Levels, Anxiety of Writing, and Attitude for Turkish Course of Secondary School Students

    Yaman, Havva

    2014-01-01

    This study analyzed whether secondary-school students' continuous and stationary anxieties predict their anxiety about writing and their attitudes about courses in Turkish. The research participants consisted of 281 students in Sakarya Province, 58% male and 42% female. The personal descriptive survey model was used for the research. As data…

  18. The Effect of Turkish Students' Motivational Beliefs on Their Metacognitive Self-Regulation in Physics

    Gurcay, Deniz; Balta, Ebru

    2013-01-01

    It is emphasized in several studies that both domain specific factors and cultural values and beliefs could have an effect on students' metacognitive self-regulation and motivational beliefs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of motivational beliefs on Turkish students' metacognitive self-regulation in physics courses.…

  19. International communication via the Internet: Turkish nursing students' experiences.

    Yavuz, Meryem

    2005-01-01

    This study involves an assignment given to first-year students at the Ege University School of Nursing in Turkey as part of a computer course. The assignment required students to obtain nursing and healthcare information about a foreign country via the Internet. The objective was to heighten global awareness while improving computer skills. The study was designed to assess the effectiveness of this teaching method, and to showcase the experiences and cooperation involved in knowledge-sharing by students in university schools of nursing around the world. Thirty-one contacts were established and information was exchanged between nursing students at 20 different universities in five countries. Despite some difficulties, the students' positive response indicates that this study was effective in developing cultural and computer competency. PMID:16027536

  20. Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale in University Students

    Erguvan Tuğba ÖZEL KIZIL

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Perceptual aberration is an important dimension of schizotypy which has been considered as a clinical determinant of psychosis proneness. The present study aimed to explore the validity and the reliability of the Turkish version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale. Methods: Internal consistency of the Perceptual Aberration Scale was studied in 222 university students and for test-retest reliability, the scale was readministered to 105 students. Convergent validity of the scale was measured by the Magical Ideation Scale in 128 students.Results: The internal consistency of the scale was Cronbach’s alpha=0.90 and the test-retest reliability was r=0.59. The convergent validity of the scale was established by a significant correlation between the scores of the Magical Ideation Scale and the Perceptual Aberration Scale.Discussion: The Turkish version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale is a reliable instrument, which can be used to quantify the important dimension of schizotypy in university students. The scale should be validated in community-based samples and also the predictive validity of the scale should be investigated. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2009; 46 Supplement: 49-53

  1. A Study on the Factors That Affect Turkish Students' Reading Comprehension Skills

    Aslan Y.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Most of us often seem to read a piece of text, but we usually ignore using essential reading strategies during reading process. Thus, in this study a great deal of information was given about effective reading strategies to comprehend a passage or any other reading material in both native and foreign language. This study aims to show the significance of reading comprehension and the factors that affect the reading comprehension of Turkish students who want to improve their proficiency while reading an English material. It has been discovered that especially third class students, whose test results were better than the others in both tests, are the ones who read much in Turkish as much as in English. According to their answers to the questions in the questionnaire, it was understood that these students are much more interested in reading than the others who failed. In general, the successful students have enough knowledge about the basic reading comprehension strategies. That is w y; they not only read faster but also understand better. Consequently, it can be concluded from the results given in the tables that if a foreign language learner likes reading and makes use of these strategies during reading activities, he/she can understand better and faster both in his native language and in English. The findings in this study are suggestive rather than definitive.

  2. Food Attitudes towards Food Safety Concept among Turkish University Students

    Nihat Aycan

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated university students’ food choices focusing on their reported usual intake and food safety perceptions and conducted at Manisa Celal Bayar University Engineering Faculty, Science and Art Faculty and Education Faculty students. The present study primary investigated how affects the storage style, manufacturing qualification, shelf life and food safety concept, advertisement effect on consuming, natural and fortificated foods to university students. Meanwhile, faculty differences, sex (male, female and age differences, living area, family features (parent living style, education, brother and sister number etc. of students were determined. In addition, consuming frequency of extensively consumed beverages (soft drinks, cola, tea, coffee, alcoholic drinks and bread as main consuming food were investigated based on sex and faculty criteria as daily, weekly, monthly.

  3. Eating Attitudes and Related Factors in Turkish Nursing Students

    Celik, Sevim; Ugur, Bayram Ali; Aykurt, Fethi Ahmet; Bektas, Muammer

    2015-01-01

    Background: Changing eating behaviors might trigger obesity, deficiency, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and reactive eating disorders. Objectives: This study aimed to determine eating attitudes of nursing students in the western Black-Sea region of Turkey as well as to examine the effects of demographic features, self-esteem, body image, income level, and family structure on their eating attitudes. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 310 nursing students bet...

  4. Turkish ELT students' willingness to communicate in English

    Şener, Sabriye

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to present the willingness to communicate (WTC) in English of the English Language Teaching Department (ELT) students of Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University inside and outside the class. Additionally, the relationships among students’ willingness to communicate in English, their linguistic self-confidence, motivation, attitudes toward international community, and personality will be presented. To this end, quantitative data were gathered from 274 students studying at the departm...

  5. Smoking at School: Views of Turkish University Students

    Nazmiye Erdogan; Irfan Erdogan

    2008-01-01

    The recent interest in cigarette smoking among university students has brought attention to problems concerning opinions, attitudes, prevention, health education, policy formulation and implementation. This survey research tested five hypotheses on the views of college students about smoking in school hallways and cafeteria, compliance with anti smoking laws, considering cigarette smoking as an expression of freedom of choice, teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices, and sch...

  6. Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools

    Esra Keloglu-Isler

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire. Results of the study showed that nonsmoking students reported the most favorable opinions toward the issues questioned, whereas occasional smokers and regular smokers reported the least favorable opinions. The highest level of disagreement by smokers and nonsmokers was provided for banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria. Students generally agreed on that teachers should not smoke in the classrooms and in their offices with doors open. Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies embracing indoors and outdoors and identification and use of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation programs and services.

  7. Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools

    Keloglu-Isler, Esra; Erdogan, Irfan

    Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male) attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire. Results of the study showed that nonsmoking students reported the most favorable opinions toward the issues questioned, whereas occasional smokers and regular smokers reported the least favorable opinions. The highest level of disagreement by smokers and nonsmokers was provided for banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria. Students generally agreed on that teachers should not smoke in the classrooms and in their offices with doors open. Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies embracing indoors and outdoors and identification and use of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation programs and services.

  8. The world and Europe in the eyes of Turkish undergraduate students

    Gurin-Pace, France; Toureille, Etienne; Grasland, Claude

    2015-01-01

    The recent history of Turkey is characterised by major changes in public discourse and public opinion, related to the changing position of Turkey on the world stage. Changing attitudes toward European Union appear to be a marker of this transformation. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the perception of Europe and the world in the eyes of Turkish undergraduate students through a secondary analysis of a worldwide survey carried out in 2009-2010 by the FP7 EuroBroadmap project. The paper pro...

  9. Evaluating dysmenorrhea in a sample of Turkish nursing students.

    Seven, Memnun; Güvenç, Gülten; Akyüz, Aygül; Eski, Fatma

    2014-09-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and symptoms of dysmenorrhea, its relevant factors, and the rate of seeking medical help in a group of nursing students. A total of 380 students were included in the study. The demographic data questionnaire, a Daily Menstrual Symptom Rating Scale (DMSR), and the Visual Analog Scale for pain (VASP) were used as tools for data collection. The mean age of the participants was 20.31 ± 1.10 years. Most students had experienced dysmenorrhea (84.9%). Menstrual pain was frequently initiated on the first day of menstruation (77.8%). The most commonly reported menstrual problems were irregular menstrual cycles (27.2%) and oligomenorrhea (15.1%). Only 24.1% of students consulted their physicians for dysmenorrhea. The participants who had dysmenorrhea had significantly higher symptom scores than the participants who had not had dysmenorrhea, in terms of decreased activities, tension, hip and abdominal pain, backache, headache, and fatigue. Also, having a sister with dysmenorrhea increased the risk of dysmenorrhea. Although dysmenorrhea is a gynecological problem that is commonly seen in young women and that negatively affects daily activities and school life, the rate of seeking medical help is low. Adolescents should, therefore, be educated and counseled to determine the underlying cause and to increase the use of an effective treatment method. Considering that nurses should be better informed about dysmenorrhea causes and treatment options, a study of nursing students was undertaken. PMID:24631318

  10. THE FORMATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF NATIONALISM AND ITS CONTINUATION STYLE THROUGH OPPOSITIONS IN TURKISH NATIONALIST UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    Ahmet Kays?l?

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to probe how and by which facts the world-views of Turkish nationalist university students are formed, in what way they improve and how these students build nationalist thoughts through oppositions. The study was designed as a phenomenological study which is one of the qualitative research models. The study group of the study was chosen through criterion sampling and it consists of 8 female and 8 male university students and graduates aged between 18 and 23. The data gathered via a semi-structured interview form were coded by following an inductive process. Turkish nationalist university students families, environments in which they live and universities in which they study have an impact on their adoption of nationalism. It is also determined that national and moral values of Turkish nationalist university students come into prominence in their social place, shopping and marriage choices. The findings of the research present that Turkish nationalist university students improve their views through the opposing views that they qualify as separatist ones.

  11. Turkish Validity Examination of the Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale

    Irmak, Sezgin; Kuruuzum, Ayse

    2009-01-01

    The validation studies of the Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS) have been conducted with samples from different nations but mostly from western individualistic cultures. Life satisfaction and its constructs could differ depending on cultural characteristics and life satisfaction scales should be validated in different…

  12. Beliefs towards mental illness in Turkish physiotherapy students.

    Yildirim, Meric; Demirbuken, Ilksan; Balci, Birgul; Yurdalan, Ufuk

    2015-10-01

    Mental health is a new area of specialization for physiotherapists. However, they usually meet patients with psychiatric co-morbidities secondary to other chronic diseases. It is important to explore the beliefs of future physiotherapists regarding mental illness in order to implement effective strategies to avoid possible stigmatizing attitudes that may interfere with the rehabilitation process. Moreover, the psychiatric field should be introduced to physiotherapists as a clinical and research area. Therefore, we aimed to question the beliefs of physiotherapy students regarding mental illness using the Beliefs towards Mental Illness Scale in two different universities in Turkey. The total score of 524 students was 46.5 ± 14.5 out of 105 while the Dangerousness Subscale score was 21.2 ± 5.8/40; Incurability and Poor Social and Interpersonal Skills Subscale score was 24.2 ± 9.3/55 and Shame Subscale score was 1.1 ± 1.9/10. Students who had a relationship with an individual having a mental problem and students who had consulted a psychiatrist/psychologist for any mental problem showed more positive beliefs. Future physiotherapists should be informed and trained regarding people with mental illness both to avoid stigma and to be aware of this area in physiotherapy settings. Therefore, it is important to implement new curricula for schools providing physiotherapy education including courses, lectures and clinical practices in the psychiatry field. PMID:26200436

  13. What Are the Thinking Styles of Turkish Student Teachers?

    Fer, Seval

    2007-01-01

    Background: The Thinking Styles Inventory--developed by Sternberg and Wagner based on Sternberg's (1988, 1997) earlier theory of mental self-government--was selected for the research in order to assess thinking styles of student teachers. Another reason is that the theoretical constructs, as well as the inventory generated from the theory, have…

  14. Cross-Cultural Pragmatics of Reading: The Case of American and Turkish Students Reacting to a Turkish Text

    Uysal, Hacer Hande

    2012-01-01

    Studies indicate that cultural properties of texts affect reading at the content and textual levels. However, research has not adequately addressed the effects of the cross-cultural pragmatics of discourse on readers. Therefore, this study explored whether or not cultural factors play a role in reading comprehension by comparing Turkish and…

  15. Clnica y epidemiologa de las infecciones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 aos Clinics and Epidemiology of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old

    Yamilka Oliva Gonzlez

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduccin: las infecciones respiratorias agudas altas o bajas constituyen un complejo sindrmico que agrupa entidades clnicas con gran diversidad epidemiolgica y de agentes causales, lo cual hace difcil su prevencin y control. Objetivo: realizar un estudio clnico-epidemiolgico de las infecciones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 aos. Material y mtodo: se realiz una investigacin observacional, analtica, de casos-controles en cuatro consultorios de tipo I pertenecientes al policlnico Ral Snchez del municipio Pinar del Ro en el perodo febrero/2010-octubre/2011. El universo estuvo conformado por los pacientes que acudieron a los consultorios, asignndose al grupo estudio (casos aquellos con infeccin respiratoria aguda de 0-14 aos de edad (n=272 y por cada paciente del grupo estudio se seleccion uno de la misma edad sin la enfermedad atendido posteriormente (controles. Resultados: las infecciones respiratorias altas fueron las ms frecuentes (88,2 % y dentro de ellas el catarro comn; la edad 5-14 aos la ms afectada (63,2 %, los sntomas ms frecuentes: secrecin nasal (56,3%, fiebre (48,8% y tos (40%; los factores de riesgo individuales ms importantes: no lactancia materna exclusiva (OR=4,6 y peso Introduction: acute upper and low respiratory tract infections constitute a complex of various illnesses that group clinical entities having a great diversity of epidemiological and underlying agents, which difficult the processes of prevention and control. Objective: to carry out a clinical-epidemiological study of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old. Material and method: an observational, analytical of case-control research in four type-1 doctors offices belonging to Raul Sanchez outpatient clinic in Pinar del Rio municipality during February 2010-October 2011. The target group involved the patients attending to the doctors offices, assigning to the study-group (cases those suffering from acute respiratory tract infections from 0-14 years old (n=272 and per each patient who comprised the study-group one of the same ages not including the disease was subsequently chosen (control group. Results: upper respiratory infections were the most frequent (88,2% and among them common flu; the most affected ages were from 5-14 (63,2%, and the most repeated symptoms: nasal secretions (56,3%, fever (48,8% and cough (40%; the most important risk factors: not exclusive breast feeding (OR=4,6 and

  16. Evaluation of agreement levels between parents and children in reporting oral health-related quality of life in 11-14 year-old children of Isfahan city in 1389

    Parvin Khadem

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Oral health prepares us for daily activities without discomfort, and dissatisfaction. In this research, agreement level between parents and children aged 11-14 year-old in reporting child oral health-related quality of life was studied in Isfahan city. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study 128 pairs of parents and children aged 11-14 were selected with random sampling technique from schools in Isfahan and were asked to complete the relevant questionnaires. The questionnaires evaluated quality of life in four fields of oral signs, functional deficits and emotional and social health. In order to evaluate child-parent agreement, intra-correlation coefficient (ICC, Pearsons correlation coefficient, Spearmans correlation coefficient and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC were used (?=0.05. Results: The agreements between PPQ11-14 (parent perception questionnaire, CPQ11-14 (child perception questionnaire and the related fields were 0.81, -0.67. The highest agreement level (ICC=0.83 was related to emotional health (excellent, followed by functional deficits (ICC=0.80, social health (ICC=0.69 and oral signs (ICC=0.64. Pearson's test showed significant correlations between CPQ11-14 and PPQ11-14 (r=0.81 (P<0.01. Conclusion: Although parents, especially mothers, may be used as proxies for their children in relation to quality of life and related fields, the views of both should be obtained in order to fully represent child oral health-related quality of life issues.

  17. Language Learnıng Strategy Preferences of Turkish Students

    Deneme, Selma

    2008-01-01

    A learning style is a preferred way of acquiring knowledge and processing information. Learning styles may differ depending on gender, age, or culture. Niles (1995) in his study “Cultural Differences in Learning Motivation and Learning Strategies” studied the cultural impact on learning strategies and found considerable differences between culturally different students. Providing evidence for the relationship between culture and learning strategy preference and use, this study aims at examini...

  18. Diagnosing the EAP needs of Turkish medical students: A longitudinal critical needs analysis

    Neslihan nder zdemir

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This study uses a longitudinal critical needs analysis to diagnose the English for academic purposes (EAP needs of Turkish medical students seeking proficiency in medical English and contribute to needs analysis methodology. The data were collected from medical students and specialists. To obtain valid and reliable information about medical students needs, three types of instruments were used: ethnographic methods, including sustained observation and participation in a research setting; reflective journals; and a questionnaire and in-depth interview. The questionnaire design was based on essays collected from the students during their study, and the items were constructed from the students own words. To the best of my knowledge, this study is the first attempt in the literature to triangulate both methods and data with a focus on critical pedagogy to diagnose EAP needs. The findings are the result of the triangulation of data and methodology to ensure the reliability and validity of the findings. A total of 525 subjects participated in the research (186 participants in the pilot study and 339 participants in the main study. The findings revealed medical students expectations of their English for specific purposes (ESP instructor, students shortcomings, and the problems and strategies they use while learning medical English. The interview data analysis sought to determine whether higher education students can be a reliable source to consult for their own educational needs in higher education. The methodology followed here can be replicated in other mainstream classrooms.

  19. Surveying American and Turkish middle school students' existing knowledge of earthquakes by using a systemic network

    Oguz, Ayse

    Global environmental events are becoming increasingly important, because most of them enter our daily lives and somehow shape our everyday activities. Earthquakes are one of the most important environmental events affecting our life. Despite extensive media coverage, the public's scientific knowledge of earthquakes is limited. The purpose of this study was to design a questionnaire by using a new approach "Systemic Networks" to investigate students' existing knowledge of earthquakes. Systemic networks categorize features systematically in terms of events and their related actions. In the study, systemic networks were constructed around four possible features of earthquakes: (a) what are earthquakes? (b) how do earthquakes happen? (c) how can earthquakes affect other things such as objects or living things? and (d) what can be done to protect from earthquakes? The questionnaire was administered to 823 students in 5th through 8th grades. Participants included in the sample were chosen from two different locations: Aydin, Turkey, which is in a high-risk Earthquake zone; and Columbus/OH, which is in a low risk Earthquake zone. In addition, the majority of students in the United States have received formal instruction about earthquakes whereas the majority of students in Turkey have not. Comprehensive Exploratory Factor Analysis (CEFA version 1.03 for MS Windows) was used to examine students' patterns of thinking. Ten factors were found based on the students' common pattern of thinking and all ten factors represented separate themes framed around the features of systemic networks. The research showed similarities as well as differences between the responses in two countries. The US students' scientific knowledge about earthquakes was significantly higher than Turkish students and they held fewer naive beliefs than Turkish students about the definition of earthquakes and about how earthquakes happen. Over half of the students in both countries do not know about earthquake safety. The results of this study found that students who had experienced an earthquake did not have better knowledge about them. The success of this study also suggests that the network design of the questionnaire might have broader application to different subject matter and concepts.

  20. Examination of the PISA 2009 Reading Skills and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Use Skills of Turkish Students

    Acar, Tülin

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to determine relation between PISA Reading Skills and ICT use skills of Turkish students. In this study are four variables such as joy/like Reading, use of Libraries, Online Reading and Plausible value in reading which are dealt with as indications of reading skills. It constitutes six variables such as attitude towards…

  1. Influence of Gender, Program of Study and PC Experience on Unethical Computer Using Behaviors of Turkish Undergraduate Students

    Akbulut, Y.; Uysal, O.; Odabasi, H. F.; Kuzu, A.

    2008-01-01

    This study administered the unethical computer using behavior scale (UECUBS) developed by [Namlu, A.G., & Odabasi, F. (2007). Unethical computer using behavior scale: A study of reliability and validity on Turkish university students. Computers and Education, 48, 205-215.] to investigate whether gender, program of study and PC experience have an…

  2. Psychometric Properties of the Satisfaction with Life Scale among Turkish University Students, Correctional Officers, and Elderly Adults

    Durak, Mithat; Senol-Durak, Emre; Gencoz, Tulin

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to extensively examine the psychometric properties of adapted version of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) in different Turkish samples. In order to test the psychometric properties of the SWLS three separate and independent samples are utilized in this study, namely university students (n = 547), correctional officers (n =…

  3. Attitudes Towards Seeking Psychological Help among a Sample of Turkish University Students: The Roles of Rumination and Internal Working Models

    Turan, Numan; Erdur-Baker, Özgür

    2014-01-01

    The current study investigates how attitudes towards seeking psychological help relate to internal working models of attachment (self-model and other-model) and ruminative tendencies. The study includes 589 Turkish university students (278 females, 308 males and 3 unknown) by implementing a convenient sampling procedure. The average age of the…

  4. APPROACHES IN INVESTIGATING ROMANIA’S IMAGE AS A TOURIST DESTINATION AMONG THE TURKISH STUDENTS

    Olimpia BAN

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The image of the tourist destination plays an essential role in the decision making process regarding the choice of a holiday. Image has a crucial role in the success of the destination because it influences the consumers’ satisfaction and helps in drawing up a promotion strategy for the positioning/repositioning on a certain market, branding/rebranding the tourist destination. Information from different sources contribute to the formation of the image of a certain destination, information which can be distributed into: the promotion performed by the destination; the other’s opinions (direct or indirect; mass-media and the popular culture. We intended to investigate Romania’s image a a tourist destination among the Turkish students. The results showed that the students had very poor knowledge of our country.

  5. APPROACHES IN INVESTIGATING ROMANIAS IMAGE AS A TOURIST DESTINATION AMONG THE TURKISH STUDENTS

    Olimpia BAN

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The image of the tourist destination plays an essential role in the decision making process regarding the choice of a holiday. Image has a crucial role in the success of the destination because it influences the consumers satisfaction and helps in drawing up a promotion strategy for the positioning/repositioning on a certain market, branding/rebranding the tourist destination. Information from different sources contribute to the formation of the image of a certain destination, information which can be distributed into: the promotion performed by the destination; the others opinions (direct or indirect; mass-media and the popular culture. We intended to investigate Romanias image a a tourist destination among the Turkish students. The results showed that the students had very poor knowledge of our country.

  6. Increasing Teleworking Skills of Student Translators: Turkish Case

    Halil İbrahim BALKUL

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study reflects pedagogical implications derived from “Translation in the 2nd foreign language” course offered at Translation Studies Department at Sakarya University, Turkey in 2014- 2015 academic year / fall term. The insights derived from the classroom sessions were obtained from the instructor’s observations based on reflective journals, which were updated on a weekly basis. These observations provided a great deal of qualitative data. The course attendees used a Facebook group forum specifically designed for the course discussions and students-teacher communication. They also received their translation projects and then sent them via Facebook messaging system and e-mail till the deadline identified previously by the instructor. The findings reveal that trainee translators’ teleworking skills increased as they became more conscious users of computer assisted translation (CAT tools and social networks. In this way, they are more adaptable to work with distant colleagues, clients and translation vendors in their future career.Keywords: Teleworking, Tele-Translation, Translation Technologies, Translator Training, Use of Social Network Sites

  7. Teachers’ and Students’ Opinions about the Interactive Instructional Environment Designed for Bilingual Turkish Primary School Students in Norway

    Suzan Duygu Erişti

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Within the context of multicultural education process, bilingual students face the risk of failure due to the problems they experience while using their mother language. One of the groups that have similar problems is Turkish students in Norway; these students also have many problems in learning and using their mother language, Turkish. Some of these problems can be listed as being incompetent in comprehension and self-expression, having limited vocabulary size, inadequate source for language learning and having few class hours for Turkish learning (Belet, 2009. As one of the alternative solution for all these, designing an interactive learning media can be suggested. In this context, the present study contains two phases as designing process of interactive media for the bilingual students’ use of mother language and then revealing teachers and students’ opinions about the design process and designed interactive media. Before the design process of interactive learning media, a need assessment study on the basis of the teachers’ opinions about the problems that the students experience in Turkish learning, their expectations and characteristics was conducted. The data of the research, which was projected, based on the qualitative research method, were collected in the form of survey with open ended questions on need assessment study and design evaluation process, the findings obtained were analyzed and interpreted based on the descriptive analyses method. The results of need assessment indicated that Turkish primary education students in Norway were active in technology use but incompetent in comprehension and self-expression in Turkish, besides they did not have enough vocabulary knowledge. Furthermore, it was obtained that they did not have enough sources for language learning and use, thus they expected to use various learning CDs as alternative solution for these problems. According to the results of needs assessment study, some criteria for the design process were determined and then the interactive Turkish learning media was designed. At the second phase of the study, the teachers and students’ opinions about the deigned interactive media were examined. Consequently, it was observed that both the teachers and students generally had positive opinions about interactive learning environment.

  8. Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in Turkish university students and assessment of associated factors

    Topal Kenan

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many students who begin university at risky periods for OCD development cannot meet the new challenges successfully. They often seek help and apply to the university health center for psychiatric distress. We aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD at students of the Cukurova University in this cross sectional study. Methods This study was performed in the Cukurova University Faculty of Education with a population of 5500 students; the representative sample size for detecting the OCD prevalence was calculated to be 800. After collecting sociodemographic data, we questioned the students for associated factors of OCD. The General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12 and Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI, Section K were used for psychiatric evaluation. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the linkage between OCD and associated factors. Results A total of 804 university students were included in this study. The GHQ-12-positive students (241 students, 29.9% were interviewed using Section K of the CIDI (222 students, 27.6%. OCD was diagnosed in 33 (4.2% students. The Logistic regression analysis of the data showed significant associations between OCD and male gender (p:0.036, living on government dormitory (p: 0.003, living on students' house/parental house (p:0.006, having private room in the parental house (p:0.055 and verbal abuse in the family (p:0.006. Conclusion This study demonstrates a higher prevalence of OCD among a group of university students compared to other prevalence studies of OCD in Turkish society. Furthermore, our findings also suggest relationships between OCD and sociodemographic factors, as well as other environmental stress factors.

  9. Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

    Son Osman

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public university located in the west of Turkey. Responses were analysed, using the chi-square (x2 test, t test and percent (% ratios, according to gender and consumers. Differences were considered significant for p ≤ 0.05. Results Of 2253 students attending the university, 1871 participated in the survey (909 men and 962 women. Overall, the prevalence of NVNM supplement use was 16.5% (16.6% in men and 16.3% in women, p The three most commonly given reasons for use were 'improvement of energy and vitality (78.6%', 'promotion of weight loss (71.1%', followed by 'enhancement of athletic performance (64.3%'. Twenty-six of the 308 reported NVNM users (26/308, 8.4% reported having experienced an adverse reaction. Television (76.3%, magazines/newspapers (41.5% and internet websites (37.3% were the most frequently used sources for obtaining information about NVNM supplements. The three most frequently used NVNM supplements were echinacea, ginseng, and gingko biloba (38.6%, 36.4%, and 32.8%, respectively. Nutritional scores were higher in NVNM supplement users than in non-users (66.510.8 vs. 62.712.7 (p Conclusion The results indicate that the prevalence of NVNM supplement use is relatively modest among Turkish university students and more information is needed on why people use particular NVNM supplements.

  10. Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions

    Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

    2012-06-01

    This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children. Such a self-selected sample may represent a group of students who have a higher level of motivation to seek sources of information outside their formal education and have more access to resources than the students of low social classes. To overcome this problem, 739 students were asked to write a question that they wanted to learn from a scientist and as a result 878 questions were gathered. Those students were selected from 13 different schools at 9 cities in Turkey. These schools were selected to represent a mixture of socioeconomic areas and also to cover different students' profile. Students' questions were classified into two main categories: the field of interest and the cognitive level of the question. The results point to the popularity of biology, astrophysics, nature of scientific inquiry, technology and physics over other science areas, as well as indicating a difference in interest according to gender, grade level and the setting in which the questions were asked. However, our study suggests that only considering questions submitted to informal learning environments, such as popular science magazines or Ask-A-Scientist Internet sites has limitations and deficiencies. Other methodologies of data collection also need to be considered in designing teaching and school science curriculum to meet students' needs and interest. The findings from our study tend to challenge existing thinking from other studies. Our results show that self-generated questions asked in an informal and a formal setting have different patterns. Some aspects of students' self-generated questions and their implications for policy, science curriculum reform and teaching are discussed in this paper.

  11. Cefalometra lateral de Ricketts en adolescentes de 12 a 14 aos con oclusin normal, 2001-2003 Ricketts lateral cephalometry in 12-14 years-old adolescents with normal occlusion, 2001-2003

    Zoila Rosa Podadera Valds

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realiz un estudio descriptivo, transversal en nios de 12 a 14 aos de edad del rea de salud perteneciente a la Clnica Estomatolgica Docente "Ormani Arenado", en el perodo comprendido de julio de 2001 a julio de 2003, con el objetivo de describir el comportamiento de las normas cefalomtricas del anlisis lateral de Ricketts. El universo estuvo constituido por 1 683 nios matriculados en los centros de educacin primaria y secundaria de dicha rea de salud, de los cuales se obtuvo una muestra por factibilidad de 50 nios (21 masculinos y 29 femeninos con oclusin normal, sin antecedentes de haber recibido tratamiento ortodncico. Se examinaron los nios objeto de estudio y se analizaron las variables: edad, sexo, medidas del cefalograma lateral de Ricketts y biotipo facial. El anlisis estadstico se realiz mediante tablas de distribucin de frecuencia, estadgrafos de tendencia central, de dispersin y coeficiente de correlacin de Pearson. Se obtuvo que existi coincidencia en el comportamiento del crecimiento mandibular con lo propuesto por Ricketts en los grupos de edad de 12 y 14 aos, mientras que en el de 13 aos, se observ un retrognatismo mandibular. Adems, se pusieron de manifiesto las caractersticas de protrusin maxilar, mesogresin, vestibuloversin de incisivos y protrusin labial marcadas en la muestra estudiada. Se observ una elevada correlacin entre las distintas variables que determinan el biotipo facial. En la distribucin biotipolgica el patrn ms representado fue el mesofacial, seguido por el dolicofacial. Se concluye que existieron variaciones en nuestra poblacin en cuanto a las medidas del cefalograma lateral propuesto por Ricketts que representa el estndar internacional.A descriptive cross-sectional study of 12-14 years-old adolescents from the health care area cared for by "Ormani Arenado" teaching dental clinic was carried out from July 2001 to July 2003, with the objective of describing the behavior of Ricketts lateral analysis cephalometric standards. The universe of study was composed by 1 683 children studying in elementary and junior high schools of the said health care area, from whom a sample of 50 children (21 males and 29 females with normal occlusion and no history of prior orthodontic treatment was taken by a feasibility method. The children under study were examined on the basis of the following variables: age, sex, Ricketts lateral cephalogram measures and facial biotype. The statistical analysis was based on frequency distribution tables, central tendency stadigraph, dispersion tables and Pearsons correlation coefficient. It was found that the behavior of jaw development matched with Ricketts standards in 12 y and 14 y age groups whereas the 13-y age group showed mandible retrognathism. Maxillary protrusion, mesogression, vestibuloversion of incisors and lip protrusion were marked characteristics observed in the studied samples. There was high correlation among the variables determining the facial biotype. The mesofacial pattern followed by the dolichofacial pattern prevailed in biotypological distribution. It was concluded that some variations were observed in our population in comparison with Ricketts lateral cephalogram measures that represent the international standard.

  12. Incentives and disincentives for using renewable energy. Turkish students' ideas

    Kilinc, Ahmet [Ahi Evran University, Kirsehir (Turkey); Stanisstreet, Martin; Boyes, Edward [Environmental Education Research Unit, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 3ZB (United Kingdom)

    2009-06-15

    A closed-form questionnaire was used to explore the prevalence of ideas of Turkish school students in years 7 and 8 (age 13-14 years) about renewable power generation. The questionnaire investigated students' ideas about the characteristics of renewable energy, its perceived advantages and disadvantgaes, and, separately, their views about the importance of the characteristics of energy production; it is likely that a combination of such beliefs could act as incentives or disincentives to the acceptability of renewable power. In terms of cost, about half of the students thought that it is cheaper to generate electricity from renewable sources, and only a quarter thought that renewable power generators would be expensive to dismantle at the end of their working life. There were some concerns about safety; although half of the students thought that renewable power installations were safer than other types of power generators, over half thought that renewable power generators could in some way harm plants, animals or humans that lived nearby. In terms of the capacity of renewable electricity generation, nearly two-third of the students thought that such sources could provide sufficient power for the population, and a similar proportion thought that electricity from renewable sources would be available continuously. Only about half of the students appreciated the contribution that renewable sources could make to a reduction in global warming, and more than half thought that such generators would in fact create environmental problems. Most of the characteristics mentioned were regarded as important, although the cost of electricity appeared less so to these particular students. When the responses about believed characteristics and views about their importance were combined, it appeared that the belief that renewable power could produce a reliable supply of electricity and, encouragingly, that it could contribute to a reduction in global warming, would be persuasive arguments for its implementation. (author)

  13. A New Group about Teaching Turkish to Foreigners: Refugees and Refugee Students

    Arslan, Akif

    2011-01-01

    In today's world for countries, teaching language and communication became an important issue for making these countries' cultures spread and making them powerful and effective in the global world. A way to make Turkey effective and well known is teaching Turkish and Turkish culture refugees are important opportunity for this. This study is one of…

  14. A New Group about Teaching Turkish to Foreigners: Refugees and Refugee Students

    Arslan, Akif

    2011-01-01

    In today's world for countries, teaching language and communication became an important issue for making these countries' cultures spread and making them powerful and effective in the global world. A way to make Turkey effective and well known is teaching Turkish and Turkish culture refugees are important opportunity for this. This study is one of

  15. Equity in the Turkish Education System: A Multilevel Analysis of Social Background Influences on the Mathematics Performance of 15-Year-Old Students

    Özdemir, Caner

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims to discover the level of equity in the Turkish education system using maths outcomes of 15-year-old students in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) exam. In order to do that, associations between various social background variables and student performance are analysed via multilevel models. Female pupils,…

  16. Strengthening the Impact and Value of International Marketing Curriculum outcomes: A Comparative Study of Turkish and European Business Students Perception of coursework and careers

    Hollensen, Svend; Gegez, Ercan; Venable, Beverly

    2010-01-01

    conducted. Results of the study indicated significant differences between Turkish and Northern European students regarding their perceptions of international marketing both in terms of course work and careers. Turkish students in this study perceived international courses as being exiting, trendy and......The purpose of the study was to examine the perceptions of business school students regarding international marketing courses and careers. A comparative study of Turkish and Northern European students' perceptions towards international marketing courses and international marketing careers was...... providing opportunities leading to better job opportunities and better salaries. In contrast, the Northern European students perceived international marketing courses as a 'natural' requirement for marketing majors and not providing better job opportunities or salaries....

  17. THE COOPERATION AND DETERMINATION OF PERSONAL INTEGRATION LEVELS OF TURKISH STUDENTS ACCORDING TO THEIR SPORTS PARTICIPATION LEVEL

    Emin KURU

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to determine and the personal integration levels of Turkish students who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and who not doing sports living in Germany. This research includes 440 students studying in schools determined by Republic of Turkey, Embassy of Munich, Office of Education Attache who inhabit in Munich and its surroundings and who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and not doing sports. In this research, “Personal Information Form” and “ Hacettepe Personality Inventory” were used as data gathering tool. As a result of research, if averages of Hacettepe Personality Inventory (HPI subscale point are analyzed in terms of sex,age and type of school, it is apparent that points of students who doing sports are higher than the points of students who not doing sport; in other words students who doing sports are more adaptable than the students who not doing sports.

  18. THE COOPERATION AND DETERMINATION OF PERSONAL INTEGRATION LEVELS OF TURKISH STUDENTS ACCORDING TO THEIR SPORTS PARTICIPATION LEVEL

    KURU, Emin; Savaş DUMAN

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this research is to determine and the personal integration levels of Turkish students who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and who not doing sports living in Germany. This research includes 440 students studying in schools determined by Republic of Turkey, Embassy of Munich, Office of Education Attache who inhabit in Munich and its surroundings and who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and not doing sports. In this research, “Personal Information Form” and “ Hacettepe ...

  19. Exploring Teacher Perceptions and Expectations of Turkish, Kurdish and Turkish Cypriot Girls from the Perspectives of Both Teachers and Students in Three London Secondary Schools

    Jones, Ann Elisabeth

    2014-01-01

    This article considers the role of teacher perceptions and expectations in the relatively low educational achievement of Turkish, Kurdish and Turkish Cypriot (T/K/TC) girls in the English secondary system. Recent research emphasises the "invisibility" of these groups within educational settings. However, the study reported here finds, on…

  20. AN ANALYSIS OF FACTORS, WHICH INFLUENCE TURKISH STUDENTS AT PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN GERMANY: ACCORDING TO OPINIONS OF THE FAMILIES

    Gülsün Şahan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available After the agreement signed between Germany and Turkey in 1961, hundreds of thousands of Turkish nationals immigrated to Germany as guest workers. Since1974, these guest workers bring their spouses and children to Germany as well under the family reunification law. While at first it was thought that the workers would return to their home countries, they settled in Germany where they established a new living space. These workers' children speak Turkish at home while learning German as second language in pre-primary school. In accordance with the guidance given at the end of four years of primary education, they continue to secondary school. While the children who learn German well have a chance to upon successful completion of which they can qualify for higher education, many immigrant children have to continue vocational education schools. The aim of this work is to determine the factors which Influence success of the Turkish primary school students based on parents' opinion and develop recommendations to increase these children's academic successes. In this work the qualitative research method is used and the research data collected with a semi-structured survey form. The study group is chosen by using „Maximum Sampling Method“ and is composed of a total of 18 Parents in Karlsruhe and Freiburg in Baden Württemberg region. „Content Analysis“ has been carried out to analyze the data.

  1. A Comparative Study of the Effects of a Concept Mapping Enhanced Laboratory Experience on Turkish High School Students' Understanding of Acid-Base Chemistry

    Ozmen, Haluk; Demircioglu, Gokhan; Coll, Richard K.

    2009-01-01

    The research reported here consists of the introduction of an intervention based on a series of laboratory activities combined with concept mapping. The purpose of this intervention was to enhance student understanding of acid-base chemistry for tenth grade students' from two classes in a Turkish high school. An additional aim was to enhance

  2. Examination of psychometric properties of the Turkish version form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire in university students

    fatma sapmaz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: It is aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Turkish form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ in this study. Method: The participants of the study are constituted by 491 university students studying in Sakarya University Education Faculty in 2011-2012 education year. All of the participants were subjected to the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ and randomly selected 173 participants were subjected to the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS, Life Orientation Test (LOT, Positive-Negative Affect Scale (PANAS and Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS besides (OHQ. Firstly, linguistic equivalence of the scale was examined. After ensuring the linguistic equivalence, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis methods were used to examine the structural validity of OHQ and for criterion related validity, the correlations of OHQ with other measuring methods used within the study were checked. The reliability of OHQ was examined with composite reliability, internal consistency and split-half methods. Findings: According to exploratory factor analysis results, a structure whose eigen value was 8.3 and which explained 29.84% of total variance was obtained. It was seen that the factor loads of the scale varied between 0.32 and 0.77. The findings obtained as a result of confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the one-factor structure of the scale was retained in the sample comprising Turkish university students. As a result of the analysis for criterion related validity, significant relations were found between OHQ and other measuring means evaluating happiness and optimism. In structural reliability analysis, Cronbach alpha internal consistency coefficient of OHQ was found 0.91 and reliability coefficient obtained with test half-life method was found 0.86 and composite reliability of the scale was found 0.91. Conclusion: The findings obtained in this study indicate that Turkish form of OHQ has a one-factor structure and this form can be used as a valid and reliable measuring means in evaluating happiness in university students.

  3. THE EFFECT OF A FIGURE WHERE SYMMETRY USED IN TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS IS APPLIED ON WRITING SKILLS OF TURKISH LANGUAGE AND PRIMARY MATHEMATICS TEACHING 1ST GRADE STUDENTS

    Mine AKTA?

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available With this study, it is aimed to afford an artistic development for science of mathematics with using literary language and learn with associating visual themes and imaginariness in essays. In the study, different written expression works, which are composed about same symmetric figure, of first grade preservice teachers of Turkish Language and Mathematics Teaching are compared.This study will put forth the grasp of communication skill of preservice students who are implementers of new program of Turkish and Mathematics lesson used from 2005 and in which the importance of this skill is emphasized. Also this study will contribute education of preservice students henceforwards.

  4. An investigation of students life satisfaction and loneliness level in a sample of Turkish students

    Songl Tmkaya

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the correlation between the life satisfaction and loneliness levels of students of Faculty of Education with respected to age and gender variables. The participants are students at the Educational Faculty of ukurova University in Adana/Turkey. The sample consists of 422 students, 223 female and 199 male. Their life satisfaction and loneliness levels were measured by the "UCLA Loneliness Scale" and "Life Satisfaction Scale", also "Personal Information Form" is used to gather personal information. To analyze data, t-test, one-way ANOVA, stepwise regression and correlation statistical techniques are used. The research findings show that the male students' loneliness level is higher than the female students' loneliness level. There is no significant difference found between male and female students' life satisfaction. Beside, the correlation between age and loneliness level shows that, loneliness level is increased with the increase of age. However, there is a negative correlation between life satisfaction and loneliness level. Based on research findings, researchers suggest that the psychological counseling and guidance services of university must be functionalized and improved to increase students' life satisfaction and to decrease loneliness level.

  5. Nursing as a career choice: perceptions of school students speaking Arabic, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish, Turkish or Vietnamese at home.

    Tang, K C; Duffield, C; Chen, X C; Choucair, S; Creegan, R; Mak, C; Lesley, G

    1999-01-01

    Australia is a multicultural society and nowhere is this more evident than in Sydney where 25% of the population speaks a language other than English. In one of the largest area health services in New South Wales, the five most frequently spoken languages at home are Arabic, Serbo-Croatian, Spanish, Turkish or Vietnamese, with these language groups comprising 12% of Sydney's population. Yet nurses speaking one of these five languages comprise less than 1% of the nursing workforce. A cost-effective method of addressing the shortage of nurses speaking languages other than English is to recruit students who already speak another language into the profession. This study examined high school students' perceptions of nursing in order to determine appropriate methods of recruiting students speaking one of these languages. Implications for the design of recruitment campaigns are also discussed. PMID:10387895

  6. Approaches of elementary school students towards the lesson of Ataturk’s principles and history of Turkish Revolution of the Turkish Republic

    Bengül Salman Bolat

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available It can be said that French Revolution, broke out in 1789, affected Europe deeply in freedom, equality, particularly with the ideas of nationalism. New values were introduced with the nationalism. With the new symbols, national states sought to give the community a new identity. Within this new formation, political powers in the adoption by the community and in its efforts to provide legitimacy, transfer tools to future generations are extremely important. In this context, the teaching of history is of great importance. In this study, a field survey was conducted on the lesson called Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution which have aims such as being able to teach the stages of foundation of the Republic of Turkey and to transfer the information to future generations. In that study, it was also aimed to find out information about the methodology of the lesson which has great importance on the development of the consciousness of Nationalism and citizenship and about founder of Turkish republic Ataturk. In this study a survey model was used. The students, who were studying in Kırşehir in the 2010-2011 academic years, set the population of the survey. To collect data in the survey, a questioner is used with the aim of discovering the opinions of the students about the course of “Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution. In the analysis, the t-test is used and the method of single factor variance analysis (ANOVA and percentage frequency is used.

  7. THE ( AND ( PHONEMES AS FOSSILIZED PRONUNCIATION ERRORS FOR TURKISH ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHERS AND STUDENTS: UNDOING THE FOSSILIZED PRONUNCIATION ERROR

    Mehmet Demirezen

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available According to Haycraft, (1984: 90, “Since all humans have almost identical speechorgans, there should not be any ‘difficult’ sounds.” This is not a totally true thought becausethe nonnative speaking students apply the pronunciation rules of their native language, andthe result of such a conduct is the establishment of mother-tongue interference which boilsdown to be an unavoidable intrusion while learning a foreign language. A great majority ofpronunciation errors are due to inevitable mother-tongue pronunciation habits, which exhibitcertain resistance to the sounds of the target language. The mother-tongue association to theacquisition of some target language phonemes that are called the core sounds. (Demirezen2007e. The core sounds of the English language, such “consonants like / t ---> T, d ---> D, v---> w / and vowels like / e ---> Q, e ---> E, Q ----> E, « ---> Q, Q ---> Ã,  ----> ow, V-----> Vw /, constitute the prime fossilized mistake continuum for the Turkish teachers,teacher trainees and students in learning and teaching English as a foreign language.”Demirezen, 2007e: 306. This articles aims at analyzing and offering rehabilitative solutionsto one of such core sounds, namely / Q ---> à / contrast that harms the pronunciation ofTurkish learners of English.

  8. Life Satisfaction Depending on Socio-Economic Status and Gender among Turkish Students

    Eroglu, Susran Erkan; Bozgeyikli, Hasan; Calisir, Vahit

    2009-01-01

    This research was carried out using the survey method in an attempt to find out the relationship between the life satisfaction and socio-economic status (SES) of adolescents. The research was conducted among 275 young Turkish people chosen by the random sampling method. The research findings determined that there was a significant difference

  9. The Opinions of Instructors Teaching Turkish to Foreigners about the Writing Skills of Syrian Students

    Sengül, Murat

    2015-01-01

    This study focuses on the difficulties experienced by the instructors while teaching writing skill to Arabians from Syria, and how these difficulties could be overcome. The study group of the research includes 11 instructors working in Turkish Teaching Centers (TTCs) of Cukurova University and Adana Science and Technology University. The data…

  10. Students and Teachers' Perceptions on Technology-Enhanced Turkish Language Learning Environment in Turkey

    Aydin, Hasan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine learners' and instructors' perceptions about technology-enhanced learning environment. This study uses both quantitative and qualitative methods. A Likert-scale survey was developed and administered to 48 Turkish language learners in various language courses in Istanbul to investigate their…

  11. The Effect of Combining Analogy-Based Simulation and Laboratory Activities on Turkish Elementary School Students' Understanding of Simple Electric Circuits

    Unlu, Zeynep Koyunlu; Dokme, Ibilge

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the combination of both analogy-based simulation and laboratory activities as a teaching tool was more effective than utilizing them separately in teaching the concepts of simple electricity. The quasi-experimental design that involved 66 seventh grade students from urban Turkish elementary

  12. The Effects of the First Step to Success Program on Academic Engagement Behaviors of Turkish Students with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

    Ozdemir, Selda

    2011-01-01

    The present study evaluated the effectiveness of the First Step to Success (FSS) early intervention program with Turkish children identified with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Intervention effectiveness on target children's academic engagement behaviors was studied. Participants were four 7-year-old first-grade students in…

  13. Psychological Sense of University Membership: An Adaptation Study of the PSSM Scale for Turkish University Students.

    Alkan, Neşe

    2016-05-18

    The Psychological Sense of School Membership Scale (PSSM) is a widely used instrument to assess the sense of belonging to a school among adolescents. Despite its widespread use in middle and high school students, to date no particular adaptation study has been conducted for its use among university students. For this reason, the present study conducted an adaptation of the PSSM scale for these students. Five hundred and nine students at a Turkish university voluntarily participated in the study, and the PSSM Scale's factor structure was examined by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, identifying three factors representing the students' sense of university membership with acceptable internal consistencies: acceptance by faculty members (.70), belonging (.75), and acceptance by students (.76). The internal consistency of the 18-item scale was calculated as .84. As hypothesized, the convergent and discriminant validity of the scale was also tested. The self-report sense of belonging and degree of satisfaction with the university were positively correlated with the three dimensions of the scale. Also, the scores regarding the students' intention to drop out of university along with loneliness were negatively correlated with all the dimension of the PSSM scale. PMID:26398445

  14. Assessment of the dentoskeletal changes following the use of twin-block functional appliance and inclined anterior bite plan in the patients with class II malocclusion div 1 in 11-14 years old

    Allahyar Geramy

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: Cl II malocclusion is one of the most common abnormalities in human societies and using a simple, affordable and accessible treatment that can be provided by general practitioners or specialists, to prevent future malocclusion complications is vital. Cl II malocclusion treatment using functional appliances such as twin block and anterior inclined bite plan have less cost, side effects and complications compared to fixed orthodontic or orthosurgery. Until now, the dentoskeletal changes resulting from the application of twin block and anterior inclined bite plan in patients with Class II malocclusion has not been evaluated. The objective of the present study was to assess the dentoskeletal changes following the use of twin-block functional appliance and inclined anterior bite plan in the patients with class II malocclusion div 1 during mixed dentition. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective cohort trial, 60 patients with the definitive diagnosis of Class II div. 1 malocclusion having ANB>2 and FMA angel between 20 and 30 and without any previous treatment or syndrome who were treated with twin-block or inclined anterior bite plan appliance were selected and their lateral cephalometries were traced before and after treatment. Selected distance and angular landmarks were measured on the cephalograms with the good reliability (ICC=0.953 and the changes occurred in the landmarks were statistically analyzed using Student t test. Results: Due to the increased mandibular growth, most of the landmarks experienced significant changes following the treatment with twin-block and inclined bite plan (P0.05, however, SNA (P=0.04, overjet (P=0.007 and wits appraisal (P=0.004 changed differently after using the appliances. Conclusion: Despite with most similarities of both twin-block and anterior inclined bite plan to correct class II div. 1 malocclusion, Due to the advantages of anterior inclined bite plan such as less size, good patient cooperation and simple laboratory preparations the appliance can be used as substitute for complex functional appliances to correct class II div. 1 malocclusion before the growth spurt.

  15. The Effective English Language Teacher from the Perspectives of Turkish Preparatory School Students

    Arıkan, Arda; Hacettepe University, Faculty of Education, Department of Foreign Language Teaching; Taşer, Duygu; Instructor and PhD Student, Middle East Technical University; Saraç-Süzer, H. Sezgi; Başkent University, Faculty of Education, Department of English Language Teaching

    2010-01-01

    In this study, Turkish EFL students’ conceptualization of an effective English language teacher is studied. A survey formerly developed by Yu-Hsin (1999) was adapted and administered to 100 foreign language learners studying at two state universities’ English language preparatory schools. Also, participants’ written responses were collected to understand the qualities attributed to the effective teacher. Results show that an effective teacher is a friendly, young, enthusiastic, creative, and ...

  16. Psychological wellbeing of Turkish university students with physical impairments: an evaluation within the stress-vulnerability paradigm.

    Koca-Atabey, Mujde; Karanci, A Nuray; Dirik, Gulay; Aydemir, Deniz

    2011-04-01

    Generally, universities in developing countries offer little in the way of provisions and support (material, emotional, etc.) for disabled students. Therefore, disabled students experience considerable burdens and barriers in their educational life. This study investigated the psychological wellbeing of disabled Turkish university students by examining influences on stress-related growth and psychological distress. Disability is defined within the framework of a social model. According to this view, impairment refers to the functional limitation(s) that affect(s) a person's body, whereas disability refers to the loss or limitation of opportunities owing to social, physical or psychological obstacles. Seventy disabled university students with physical impairments were administered a questionnaire package, including a sociodemographic information sheet, Ways of Coping Questionnaire, Stress-Related Growth Scale, Multidimensional Scale of Social Support, Life Events Inventory, and Brief Symptom Inventory. Snowball sampling was used and voluntary participation was essential. The results showed that disability burden, daily hassles, and helplessness coping were significant predictors of psychological symptoms. For stress-related growth the only variable that appeared significant was problem-solving coping. The results pointed out that there may be different pathways to distress and growth. In order to decrease psychological distress and enhance growth in disabled university students, disability awareness programs, changes in the barriers in the academic and physical environments of the university campuses, and coping skills training to increase problem-focused coping and to combat helplessness may prove to be effective. Reducing daily hassles for the disabled students is likely to contribute to their wellbeing by decreasing their burdens. Also, a more disability-friendly environment is likely to be empowering for disabled university students. PMID:22044182

  17. Gender-related beliefs of Turkish female science teachers and their effect on interactions with female and male students

    Uysal, Sibel

    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between Turkish female science teachers' gender-related beliefs and those teachers' corresponding interaction with their male and female students. The data was collected from five different sources: Surveys, interviews, observations, chi square data from the observation phase, and interviews with selected teachers. The data was analyzed using the Ericson interpretive method of socio-cultural theories which provided a framework for understanding the development of teacher beliefs and their interactions with their students. In this study, the survey revealed three types of teachers ranging from traditional, moderate to modern. Moderate teachers exhibited characteristics that were on a continuum between the traditional and modern teachers. Traditional teachers believed that males and females should have certain defined roles. Females should be responsible for taking care of the needs of their children and their husbands. By comparison, modern teachers did not assign specific roles to either males or females. With regard to the role of women in science, traditional teachers believed that female scientists could not be as successful as male scientists. By comparison, modern teachers believed that female scientists could be as successful as male scientists. Modern teachers did indicate that they thought females needed to work harder than males to prove themselves. When it came to the teachers' views and beliefs regarding their female and male students' success in their science classrooms, traditional teachers believed that their male students were brighter than their female students. They also believed that female students excelled only because they worked harder. Modern teachers believed that success is dependent on each student's background and his or her interest in science. Classroom observation indicated that traditional and modern teachers interacted differently with their male and female students. Traditional teachers provided more speaking time to male students and permitted male students to ask more questions than their female students. Modern teachers, on the other hand, paid equal attention to all their students. Both groups' belief systems were apparent and impacted their interactions with their students.

  18. Emotion Management: Assessing Student Behavior.

    McLin, Arthur, Jr.

    This study was designed to identify the percent of 12-14-year-old male students' emotion management scores that demonstrated an at-risk level of emotion management functioning. The Juvenile Emotion Management Scale was administered to male middle school students to assess their emotion management ability in responding to emotional arousal.

  19. The Europeanisation of German Ethnic Identities: The Case of German and Turkish Students in Two Stuttgart Secondary Schools

    Faas, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    Germany's national (or ethnic) identity has become thoroughly European and there are even signs of Eurocentrism. This is particularly problematic for the Turkish Muslims who, arguably, are not European. This article explores how fifteen-year-old German and Turkish youth in two Stuttgart secondary schools, one in a predominantly working-class area…

  20. CreatIng Web-based Math learnIng tool for TURKISH mIddle school students: Webquest

    Aytac KURTULUS

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Internet is the most important product for the computer technology and it began to be used in many fields. Especially in the recent years, the usage of Internet has increased in the fields of communication, entertainment, advertisement, media, and technology. In Turkey, the usage of Internet is not used very common and active in primary and secondary education. The fast developments of the new technologies and the Web-Based Education Systems must be increased the importance of giving courses. In this study, the information to be aimed at is to introduce the WebQuest system, which was developed at San Diego State University by Bernie Dodge. A webQuest can be used web-based math learning tool for Turkish middle school students. Therefore, an example of geometry education WebQuest is given to introduce WebQuest system because WebQuest will be active in geometry teaching similar to the other subjects. An overview of WebQuest technology application and several resources for teachers and students interested in creating WebQuests can be found on The WebQutest Page (Dodge, 2001. Table 1 lists web sites that have many of these resources.

  1. Innovation in Teaching Deaf Students Physics and Astronomy in Bulgaria

    Zamfirov, Milen; Saeva, Svetoslava; Popov, Tsviatko

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a new strategy to be implemented in Bulgarian schools in teaching physics and astronomy to students with impaired hearing at grades 7 (13-year-old students) and 8 (14-year-old students). The strategy provides effective education for students with hearing disabilities in mainstream schools as well as for those attending…

  2. Psychometric properties of Frustration Discomfort Scale in a Turkish sample.

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Harrington, Neil

    2012-08-01

    The present study assessed the psychometric properties of the Frustration Discomfort Scale for Turkish college students. The Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS), Procrastination Assessment Scale-Student, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered to a sample of 171 (98 women, 73 men) Turkish college students. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis yielded fit index values demonstrating viability of the four-dimensional solution as in the original. Findings also revealed that, as predicted, the Discomfort Intolerance subscale of Turkish FDS was most strongly correlated with procrastination. Overall results provided evidence for the factor validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the scale for use in a Turkish population. PMID:23045854

  3. DESEMPEÑO COGNITIVO EN PRUEBAS DE LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE 6 A 14 AÑOS ESCOLARIZADOS DE LA CIUDAD DE MEDELLÍN. COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE ON TESTS OF LANGUAGE IN 6-14-YEAR-OLD SCHOOLED CHILDREN IN THE CITY OF MEDELLIN.

    María Cristina Giraldo García.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo presenta los resultado de investigación el cual busca describir el desempeño cognitivo de los escolares de 6 a 14 años en pruebas de lenguaje, este estudio se desarrolló con 92 participantes con diferentes estratos socioeconómicos se aplicaron pruebas de Lenguaje: Test de asociación controlada de palabras, Test de vocabulario de Boston, Token test, encontramos que las habilidades y desempeño en pruebas de lenguaje no difieren entre sexo y lateralidad, existen diferencias evidenciables en grupos de edades, con influencia del nivel educacional. Abstract This paper presents results of research which aimed to describe the cognitive performance on tests of language in 6-14-year-old. In this study, the researchers chose a sample population of 92 participants coming from different socioeconomic strata. That is why tests of language, tests of controlled association, Boston Naming Test, and Token Test were applied.

  4. Student Views on Classroom Representative Meetings in the Preparatory Program of a Turkish University

    Duygu Özbilen

    2015-01-01

    The present study intends to focus on the concept of “student voice” in higher education. Since democracy necessitates freedom and contribution, it cannot be underestimated that democracy can be maintained by the involvement of students in administration. The research conducted aims to shed a light onto the university students’ perception of “student voice” in university administration. Within this framework, classroom representatives of preparatory school elementary level students of a found...

  5. Mathematics Anxiety Among 4th And 5th Grade Turkish Elementary School Students

    Fulya Yksel-?ahin

    2008-01-01

    Using a sample of 4th and 5th graders, this study investigated whether students mathematics anxiety differed significantly according to a group of variables. A total of 249 students participated in the study. The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for Elementary School Students and The Personal Information Form were used for data collection. Independent samples t-tests, Oneway Anova and Schefee test were used to analyze the data. Results showed that students mathematics anxiety differed signific...

  6. Is the Quality of Life of Turkish Smoker Students Different from Those Non-Smokers?

    Unalan, Demet; Somunoglu, Sinem; Dikmetas, Elif; Elmali, Ferhan

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate whether smoking affects the quality of life of the students at Medical Documentation and Secreteriat Program (MDS) of Health Services Vocational Colleges. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the questionnaire has been applied to 147 (73,5 %) students out of 200 MDS students. As data collecting…

  7. Turkish Student Teachers' Ideas about Diagrams of a Flower and a Plant Cell

    Topsakal, Unsal Umdu; Oversby, John

    2012-01-01

    In the present study, the understandings of student teachers (training for the primary phase and Master's degree students from a primary science and technology education department) about flowers and plant cells using the method of drawing in combination with interviews are explored. The data were gathered from 116 student teachers and 10 Master's

  8. Student Teachers' Views of Practicums (Teacher Training Placements) in Turkish and English Contexts: A Comparative Study

    Busher, Hugh; Gündüz, Müge; Cakmak, Melek; Lawson, Tony

    2015-01-01

    How student teachers experience their transformation into serving teachers in the liminal social spaces of the school-based practicum (teaching practice) is of key importance to them, their future students and their educators. The practicum is a challenging experience for student teachers, even with help from university and school-based mentors,…

  9. Student Teachers' Views of Practicums (Teacher Training Placements) in Turkish and English Contexts: A Comparative Study

    Busher, Hugh; Gndz, Mge; Cakmak, Melek; Lawson, Tony

    2015-01-01

    How student teachers experience their transformation into serving teachers in the liminal social spaces of the school-based practicum (teaching practice) is of key importance to them, their future students and their educators. The practicum is a challenging experience for student teachers, even with help from university and school-based mentors,

  10. Turkish Student Teachers' Ideas about Diagrams of a Flower and a Plant Cell

    Topsakal, Unsal Umdu; Oversby, John

    2012-01-01

    In the present study, the understandings of student teachers (training for the primary phase and Master's degree students from a primary science and technology education department) about flowers and plant cells using the method of drawing in combination with interviews are explored. The data were gathered from 116 student teachers and 10 Master's…

  11. Quantity versus Quality in Turkish Higher Education.

    Arslan, Hasan

    This paper asserts that there have not been adequate studies about the comparative quality of Turkish universities to provide information and data for prospective students, advisors, university administrators, and policymakers. Turkey has more than 70 state and private universities. Most of these are relatively new, although Turkish higher…

  12. An investigation of students’ life satisfaction and loneliness level in a sample of Turkish students

    Songül Tümkaya; Birsel Aybek

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the correlation between the life satisfaction and loneliness levels of students of Faculty of Education with respected to age and gender variables. The participants are students at the Educational Faculty of Çukurova University in Adana/Turkey. The sample consists of 422 students, 223 female and 199 male. Their life satisfaction and loneliness levels were measured by the "UCLA Loneliness Scale" and "Life Satisfaction Scale", also "Personal Information Form" is used to ...

  13. Burnout Levels and Personality Traits—The Case of Turkish Architectural Students

    Emel Laptali Oral; Gözde Tantekin Celik

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this research has been to investigate the relationship between personality traits and burnout levels of architectural undergraduate students. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI) and Five Factor Model were used to collect related data. Analysis of the collected data showed variations in personality traits and burnout levels of students from first to fourth year and revealed that education process was an important role player in personality development and burnout levels ...

  14. Turkish lexicon

    Sami, Şemseddin

    2012-01-01

    Title: Kamus-ı Türki (Turkish lexicon) Originally Published: Istanbul, İkdam Press, 1900 Language: Ottoman Turkish The excerpts used are from the seventh edition of the reprint (Istanbul: Çağrı Yayınları, 1999), pp i–vii. About the author Şemseddin Sami (Sami Frashëri) [1850, Frashër (present-day southeast Albania) – 1904, Istanbul]: linguist, lexicographer, novelist, and playwright. The multifarous Ottoman intellectual was born in the village of Frashër, then in the province of Yanya (Gr. Io...

  15. Turkish delight

    This article focuses on the opening up of the Turkish energy markets to international investment in an effort to join the European Union. The implementation of the EU's Directive on internal electricity markets, the benefits gained by globalisation, the growth in the Turkish electricity market, the control of power supply and distribution, generating capacity, the infrastructure needed to satisfy demand, moves towards privatisation, and joint venture with local companies are discussed. Estimates of Turkey's power demand, its strategic location, and foreign companies interested in the power market are considered. (uk)

  16. How Turkish Middle School Students Use the Internet to Study Social Studies

    Acikalin, Mehmet

    2014-01-01

    The Internet has become one of the most common educational tools used by teachers and students in social studies education worldwide. Although there are extensive studies on how the Internet is used by teachers as an instructional tool in social studies classes, less work has been done to explain how students themselves use and interact with…

  17. Teaching Local History Using Social Studies Models for Turkish Middle School Students

    Oguzhan, Karadeniz

    2015-01-01

    Local history teaching provides students the opportunity to gain first-hand experience by improving awareness of history. Students having active communication with their neighbourhood are given the opportunity to learn about themselves and their past, words and concepts about the past and they can make easier connection between history and other…

  18. An Assessment of Factors Related to Science Achievement of Turkish Students

    Kalender, Ilker; Berberoglu, Giray

    2009-01-01

    In this study, a hypothesised model with latent variables such as socio-economic status, students' perception of success and interest in different subject matter areas, out-of-school activities, and classroom teaching learning activities in relation to science achievement of the students was tested via linear structural modelling. The data come

  19. Relation between Cyberbullying and Problem Solving: A Study on Turkish University Students

    Gokler, Riza

    2013-01-01

    In this study, cyberbullying living frequency, what the cyber environments in which cyberbullying is lived are, and the relation between "being victim of cyberbullying" and "being cyberbullying" status and problem solving skill of university students are analysed. This research is done by attendance of 460 students from five

  20. The Relationship between Reading Fluency and Reading Comprehension in Fifth-Grade Turkish Students

    Yildiz, Mustafa; Yildirim, Kasim; Ates, Seyit; Rasinski, Timothy; Fitzgerald, Shawn; Zimmerman, Belinda

    2014-01-01

    This research study focused on the relationships among the various components of reading fluency components (word recognition accuracy, automaticity, and prosody), as well as their relationships with reading comprehension among fifth-grade students in Turkey. A total of 119 fifth-grade elementary school students participated in the study. The…

  1. A Descriptive Overview on Expressional Mistakes Made by Turkic Students in Speaking Turkish: Kazakh Case

    Yilmaz, Oguzhan; Yakar, Yasin Mahmut

    2015-01-01

    In the study conducted using qualitative research methods, one of the purposeful samplings, typical case sampling was used. The date were collected from two sources. The students were asked to prepare any topic they wanted and then delivered it. The students were observed for one month in order to detect their mistakes as they speak, through…

  2. The Role of Gender, Attachment Dimensions, and Family Environment on Loneliness among Turkish University Students

    Demirli, Aylin; Demir, Ayhan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the predictive value of gender, attachment dimensions and family environment in explaining loneliness among students. The study included 473 students (281 females, 192 males) from Ankara University. The UCLA Loneliness Scale, Family Environment Assessment Scale and Experiences in Close…

  3. The Portfolio Effect: Enhancing Turkish ELT Student-Teachers' Autonomy

    Yildirim, Rana

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on the use of portfolios to develop ELT major student-teachers' autonomy. The research was carried out for 14 weeks with twenty-one 3rd grade student-teachers in the English Language Teaching Department of Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey. To evaluate the impact of portfolios on fostering the participants'…

  4. Mathematics Anxiety Among 4th And 5th Grade Turkish Elementary School Students

    Fulya Yksel-?ahin

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Using a sample of 4th and 5th graders, this study investigated whether students mathematics anxiety differed significantly according to a group of variables. A total of 249 students participated in the study. The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for Elementary School Students and The Personal Information Form were used for data collection. Independent samples t-tests, Oneway Anova and Schefee test were used to analyze the data. Results showed that students mathematics anxiety differed significantly according to gender, whether they liked mathematics class or not, whether they liked their mathematics teachers or not and the achievement level in mathematics. Female students reported significantly higher mathematics anxiety than males. Students who liked mathematics class and those who liked their mathematics teachers had lower anxiety. Students with higher achievement in mathematics reported lower degrees of mathematics anxiety. However, results did not show any significant difference in students mathematics anxiety with respect to their grade level and gender-stereotypes about success in mathematics.

  5. Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students

    Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

    2013-01-01

    It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

  6. Motivational Factors Contributing to Turkish High School Students' Achievement in Gases and Chemical Reactions

    Kadioglu, Cansel; Uzuntiryaki, Esen

    2008-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the contribution of motivational factors to 10th grade students' achievement in gases and chemical reactions in chemistry. Three hundred fifty nine 10th grade students participated in the study. The Gases and Chemical Reactions Achievement Test and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire were…

  7. Relation between Cyberbullying and Problem Solving: A Study on Turkish University Students

    Gokler, Riza

    2013-01-01

    In this study, cyberbullying living frequency, what the cyber environments in which cyberbullying is lived are, and the relation between "being victim of cyberbullying" and "being cyberbullying" status and problem solving skill of university students are analysed. This research is done by attendance of 460 students from five…

  8. Accounting Education Approach in the Context of New Turkish Commercial Code and Turkish Accounting Standards

    Cevdet Kızıl; Ayşe Tansel Çetin; Ahmed Bulunmaz

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this article is to investigate the impact of new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards on accounting education. This study takes advantage of the survey method for gathering information and running the research analysis. For this purpose, questionnaire forms are distributed to university students personally and via the internet.This paper includes significant research questions such as “Are accounting academicians informed and knowledgeable on new Turkish commerc...

  9. Accounting Education Approach in the Context of New Turkish Commercial Code and Turkish Accounting Standards

    Cevdet Kızıl

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to investigate the impact of new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards on accounting education. This study takes advantage of the survey method for gathering information and running the research analysis. For this purpose, questionnaire forms are distributed to university students personally and via the internet.This paper includes significant research questions such as “Are accounting academicians informed and knowledgeable on new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards?”, “Do accounting academicians integrate new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards to their lectures?”, “How does modern accounting education methodology and technology coincides with the teaching of new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards?”, “Do universities offer mandatory and elective courses which cover the new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards?” and “If such courses are offered, what are their names, percentage in the curriculum and degree of coverage?”Research contributes to the literature in several ways. Firstly, new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards are current significant topics for the accounting profession. Furthermore, the accounting education provides a basis for the implementations in public and private sector. Besides, one of the intentions of new Turkish commercial code and Turkish accounting standards is to foster transparency. That is definitely a critical concept also in terms of mergers, acquisitions and investments. Stakeholders of today’s business world such as investors, shareholders, entrepreneurs, auditors and government are in need of more standardized global accounting principles Thus, revision and redesigning of accounting educations plays an important role. Emphasized points also clearly prove the necessity and functionality of this research.

  10. Determination of knowledge of Turkish midwifery students about human papilloma virus infection and its vaccines.

    Genc, Rabia Ekti; Sarican, Emine Serap; Turgay, Ayse San; Icke, Sibel; Sari, Dilek; Saydam, Birsen Karaca

    2013-01-01

    Human papilloma virus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted agents and its infection is the most established cause of cervical cancer. Midwives play a key position in the implementation of cervical cancer. This descriptive study aimed to determine the level of knowledge concerning HPV and HPV vaccination among 268 midwifery students. Data were collected between November 15 and 30, 2011, through a self-reported questionnaire. The mean age of participants was 20.75 1.60. Among all students, 44.4% had heard of HPV, while 40.4% had heard of HPV vaccinatiob. The relationship between the midwifery student knowledge on HPV and HPV vaccine and their current educational year was significant (p=0.001). In conclusion midwifery students have moderate level of knowledge about HPV and its vaccine and relevant information should be included in their teaching curriculum. PMID:24377604

  11. Self-esteem and communication skills as predictors of psychological resilience for Turkish vocational school students

    Özlem TAGAY; Sibel Karakelle

    2014-01-01

    This study analyzes whether or not communication skills and self-esteem of vocational school students can predict their psychological resilience. The data of the study were collected from a total of 295 vocational school students including 147 female and 148 male in Burdur and Isparta. The study benefited from the Ego Resiliency Scale developed by Block and Kremen (1996) and adapted by Karaırmak (2007), the Communication Skills Evaluation Scale developed by Korkut (1996), and the Rosenberg Se...

  12. Opinions of Turkish Students Graduated from Faculties of Arts and Sciences about Pedagogical Formation Training

    Murat Demirbaş; Metin Elkatmiş; Nurcan Ertugrul

    2012-01-01

    Training teachers is among the most important issues for many governments. In Turkey, similarly, the question of how to train teachers has been debated for years and numerous practices have been tried. One of these practices is providing pedagogical formation training to students who graduated from faculties of arts and sciences. The main aim of this study is to determine the opinions of these students about the pedagogical formation training given by faculties of education. The research was ...

  13. To what extent do Turkish high school students know about their body organs and organ systems?

    Solmaz Aydın

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine high school students' familiarity with body organs and knowledge about the systems to which organs belong. It also identifies their misconceptions and deficiencies and discusses their causes. The sample of the study consisted of 244 secondary students. The study used the descriptive survey method. The findings show that the heart, lungs, kidneys and stomach are the best known organs by the students, and that they most often identified organs in the circulatory, respiratory, urinary and digestive systems rather than other systems. In addition, there are no considerable differences between the ninth, tenth, eleventh grade classes and the twelfth grade students’ knowledge and misconceptions about organs and organ systems. The most basic misconceptions identified in this study is that a majority of the students who identified the small intestine, liver, pancreas, anus and intestine thought that these organs were parts of the excretory system. In Turkey's educational system, students are taught the urinary system as the excretory system. This leads students to think that these organs are not elements of the digestive system, but those of the excretory system, which is used to defecate the excretions. For this reason, this study will also discuss this situation.

  14. Student Views on Classroom Representative Meetings in the Preparatory Program of a Turkish University

    Duygu Özbilen

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study intends to focus on the concept of “student voice” in higher education. Since democracy necessitates freedom and contribution, it cannot be underestimated that democracy can be maintained by the involvement of students in administration. The research conducted aims to shed a light onto the university students’ perception of “student voice” in university administration. Within this framework, classroom representatives of preparatory school elementary level students of a foundation university in Istanbul were analyzed. The data of the study were collected by focus group interviews and analyzed by content analysis using the qualitative analysis software Nvivo 10. According to the results, the classroom representatives consider themselves important and assume that their ideas are being valued. However, there are still some concerns about the future decisions of the administration in that some of their ideas might not be taken into account. They assume that the class representative meetings should be held more frequently to enable a more democratic university environment. The results of this study will be the basis for a larger scale study that includes the perception of more classroom representatives from different levels. In further studies the leadership style of the administrators will also be studied to find out the rationale behind the students’ attitudes towards the concept of student participation at the administration level.

  15. The effects of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on clothing selection and habits among Turkish University students.

    Ercan, Emine; İpci, Melis; İnci, Sevim Berrin; Ercan, Elif; Ercan, Eyüp Sabri

    2015-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that influence the shopping attitudes of college students with and without ADHD. This study also examined the effects of ADHD on the academic and social lives of college students. The sample consisted of 219 university students. These students were interviewed by a psychiatrist with regard to ADHD symptoms according to the DSM-IV. The Adult ADHD Self Report Scale (ASRS), the Teen Interpersonal Influence Scale, and a demographic information form were used as measurement devices. The ADHD and control groups were classified in three different ways: (1) met the ADHD criteria for both Clinical Diagnosis and the ASRS; (2) met only the criteria for Clinical Diagnosis; or (3) met only the criteria of the ASRS. Our research shows that individuals with ADHD experience more problems with money management and are more affected by the media, friends, and brands compared with individuals without ADHD. Smoking and alcohol use disorders, accidents, being held back, and disciplinary actions often accompany ADHD in college students. To the best of our knowledge, the shopping attitudes of young adults with ADHD and the influence of the media, peers, family, and brands have not been studied until now. PMID:25544506

  16. The relationship between humour styles and shyness: an investigation of Turkish university students

    Atılgan Erozkan

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between humour styles and shyness. The sample consisted of 640 (330female; 310 male university students. Humour styles and shyness levels of these students were measured by the use of theHumour Styles Questionnaire, and Shyness Scale respectively. To analyze the data, regression analysis and correlation analysiswere employed. A significant effect of humour styles on shyness was detected. All humour styles (affiliative, self-enhancing,aggressive, and self-defeating were found to be significantly correlated to shyness.

  17. Current Piano Education of Turkish Music Teacher Candidates: Comparisons of Instructors and Students Perceptions

    Jelen, Birsen

    2015-01-01

    In recent years almost every newly opened government funded university in Turkey has established a music department where future music teachers are educated and piano is compulsory for every single music teacher candidate in Turkey. The aim of this research is to compare piano teaching instructors' and their students' perceptions about the current…

  18. Investigation of Mental Models of Turkish Pre-Service Physics Students for the Concept of "Spin"

    Özcan, Özgür

    2013-01-01

    Problem Statement: Difficulties in the learning process usually emerge from the problem of mental representations constructed by students in their interactions with the world. This previous knowledge and these ideas are in contradiction with scientific facts, and are known as misconceptions or alternative ideas. Thus, an analysis of the mental…

  19. The Role of Personality Factors in Predicting the Reported Physical Health Symptoms of Turkish College Students

    Ustundag-Budak, Meltem; Mocan-Aydin, Gul

    2005-01-01

    This study investigates the role of optimism, health control beliefs, perceived health competence, and medical help-seeking variables in predicting the frequency of reported physical symptoms. A total of 345 college students (207 male and 138 female) were presented with the Life Orientation Test, Multidimensional Health Locus of Control, Perceived

  20. How Do Turkish Nursing Students Plan Their Career after the Graduation?: A Questionnaire Survey

    Yildirim, Dilek; Kececi, Ayla; Bulduk, Serap

    2011-01-01

    This research was planned as a cross-sectional and descriptive study for the purpose of determining nursing students' expectations from a workplace and what department, area, and positions they want to work in after graduation. The research population was comprised of the four university-based schools of nursing in Ankara province. The sample was

  1. Case Study of How Turkish University Students Improve Their Biochemistry Achievement

    Özlem Sadi

    2013-01-01

    Biochemistry courses have an important place as a common subject in faculties of medicine, food engineering, biology and chemistry. MSLQ, Metacognitive Awareness Inventory and Learning Approach Questionnaire were used. The study also involves repeated observations of the same instructor in a biochemistry class over eight weeks to describe students’ academic performance, instructor practice, teaching methods and generally, learning environment in the biochemistry class. Students achieving the ...

  2. Investigating the Predictive Role of Social Self-Efficacy on Authenticity in Turkish University Students

    Seydi Ahmet Satici; Ahmet Rifat Kayis; Ahmet Akin

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between social self-efficacy and authenticity. The Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale and the Authenticity Scale were administrated to a sample of 308 university students. The research data were analysed by correlation and linear regression analysis. Social self-efficacy is positively related to authentic living, and is negatively related to accepting external influence, and self-alienating. The linear regression analysis showed th...

  3. Sender’s Self-Monitoring Traits: Conducive Factors Affecting Interpersonal Communication among Turkish University Students

    Sütcü, Cem Sefa; Algül, And; Uralman, N Hanzade

    2015-01-01

    Self-monitoring researches show that high self-monitoring individuals have not only ability to selfdisclosure but also have ability to facilitate others’ disclosure. The aim of this paper is to define this conducive factors understanding which communication skills of university students in Turkey facilitate others’ disclosure and create dialogic communication. In this study, 24 questions have been directed at participants, in order to make a determination in relation to the conducive skills o...

  4. Self-esteem and communication skills as predictors of psychological resilience for Turkish vocational school students

    Özlem TAGAY

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes whether or not communication skills and self-esteem of vocational school students can predict their psychological resilience. The data of the study were collected from a total of 295 vocational school students including 147 female and 148 male in Burdur and Isparta. The study benefited from the Ego Resiliency Scale developed by Block and Kremen (1996 and adapted by Karaırmak (2007, the Communication Skills Evaluation Scale developed by Korkut (1996, and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale developed by Morris Rosenberg (1965. The study made use of the standard multiple regression analysis in order to prove the power of the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem to predict psychological levels of resilience of vocational school students. The data were tested on a 0.05 level of significance. This study shows that the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem positively co- relates with the personal strengths of pulling oneself together. The positive self-assessment predicts self- esteem positively and significantly as well. A positive sense of an individual’s about oneself positively co- relates with high self-esteem.

  5. Students' Perceptions of Vocabulary Knowledge and Learning in a Middle School Science Classroom

    Brown, Patrick L.; Concannon, James P.

    2016-01-01

    This study investigated eighth-grade science students' (13-14-year-olds) perceptions of their vocabulary knowledge, learning, and content achievement. Data sources included pre- and posttest of students' perceptions of vocabulary knowledge, students' perceptions of vocabulary and reading strategies surveys, and a content achievement test.…

  6. A STUDY ABOUT COMPARISON OF FAMILY FIRMS PERCEPTION IN TURKISH AND SPANISH BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION STUDENTS

    Savi, Fatma Zehra; Yildiran, Canan

    2014-01-01

    Today both in our country and in the world family firms has a very big importance. The share of family firms are about %85 of world economics. In our country it’s about %95. In developed and developing countries the family firms have a voice. They have functionality in production and employing as well as cultural and social aspect. The aim of this study, is to compare the perception of the students who are having business administration in different countries. With this aim strategic, manager...

  7. Investigating the Predictive Role of Social Self-Efficacy on Authenticity in Turkish University Students

    Seydi Ahmet Satici

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between social self-efficacy and authenticity. The Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale and the Authenticity Scale were administrated to a sample of 308 university students. The research data were analysed by correlation and linear regression analysis. Social self-efficacy is positively related to authentic living, and is negatively related to accepting external influence, and self-alienating. The linear regression analysis showed that social self-efficacy was a significant predictor of authenticity. The significance and limitations of the results are discussed.

  8. Heritage Language Maintenance and Cultural Identity Formation: The Case of a Turkish Saturday School in New York City

    Otcu, Bahar

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the role of a Turkish Saturday school in the United States in helping students maintain the Turkish language and form a sense of Turkish cultural identity. This case study of one Turkish Saturday school in New York City builds on research in language maintenance and shift, and in language ideologies and linguistic identity…

  9. The Relationship of Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms with Menstrual Attitude and Sleep Quality in Turkish Nursing Student

    A?c?, zlem; Gkdemir, Fulya; Kahyao?lu St, Hatice; Payam, Fatma

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Symptoms induced by premenstrual syndrome (PMS) adversely affect the women in reproduction period and decrease their quality of life. In literature, it is a common opinion thought that PMS could be associated with both sleep quality and menstrual attitudes. However, there has been no sufficient number of studies to define in what ways the PMS symptoms are correlated with sleep quality and menstrual attitudes. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship of PMS symptoms with menstrual attitude and sleep quality. Methods: The data were collected from 183 nursing students at Health School of Artvin oruh University by using a correlational design. Voluntary students completed a questionnaire involving socio-demographic characteristics, Premenstrual Syndrome Scale (PMSS), Menstrual Attitude Questionnaire (MAQ), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Results: Average age was 19.9 (1.8). The study determined a positively significant correlation between score of PMSS and mean scores of PSQI (r=0.306; P<0.001), and a negatively significant correlation between score of PMSS and total mean score of MAQ (r=-0.317; P<0.01). Similarly, multiple linear regression analysis showed that PSQI total score (?=5.412; P<0.001) and MAQ total score (?=-27.455; P=0.001) significantly affected total score of PMSS. Conclusion: The intensity of PMS symptoms is associated with poor sleep quality and negative menstrual attitudes. Determining the methods of coping with PMS and strengthening the young girls on this subject may enhance their quality of future life. PMID:26464834

  10. The Relationship of Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms with Menstrual Attitude and Sleep Quality in Turkish Nursing Student

    Özlem Aşcı

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Symptoms induced by premenstrual syndrome (PMS adversely affect the women in reproduction period and decrease their quality of life. In literature, it is a common opinion thought that PMS could be associated with both sleep quality and menstrual attitudes. However, there has been no sufficient number of studies to define in what ways the PMS symptoms are correlated with sleep quality and menstrual attitudes. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship of PMS symptoms with menstrual attitude and sleep quality. Methods: The data were collected from 183 nursing students at Health School of Artvin Çoruh University by using a correlational design. Voluntary students completed a questionnaire involving socio-demographic characteristics, Premenstrual Syndrome Scale (PMSS, Menstrual Attitude Questionnaire (MAQ, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI. Results: Average age was 19.9 (1.8. The study determined a positively significant correlation between score of PMSS and mean scores of PSQI (r=0.306; P<0.001, and a negatively significant correlation between score of PMSS and total mean score of MAQ (r=-0.317; P<0.01. Similarly, multiple linear regression analysis showed that PSQI total score (​b=5.412; P<0.001 and MAQ total score (​ b=-27.455; P=0.001 significantly affected total score of PMSS.Conclusion: The intensity of PMS symptoms is associated with poor sleep quality and negative menstrual attitudes. Determining the methods of coping with PMS and strengthening the young girls on this subject may enhance their quality of future life.

  11. Classroom Management Problems and Coping Strategies of Turkish Student EFL Teachers

    Ali Merç

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Classroom management (CM is one of the most cited problems of pre-service teachers. This study aims to have a closer look at the issue within a qualitative research design by eliciting problems, coping strategies, and the sources of those coping strategies related to CM during teaching practicum. The participants of the study were 12 student EFL teachers (eight female and four male completing their teaching practicum at Anadolu University, Faculty of Education, English Language Teacher Training Program. The participants were asked to keep diaries related to their CM problems throughout the 12-week teaching practicum. Semi-structured interviews conducted with each teacher candidate and field notes taken by the researchers were also used as the research data. The analyses of the data indicated that student teachers’ CM problems were mainly because of the pupils in the classroom. Student teachers themselves, teaching point and materials, and the cooperating teachers were also the sources of the CM problems. Various coping strategies were also elicited to deal with the problems mentioned. The methodology lessons they took, their cooperating teachers, and their previous teachers were cited by the student teachers as the sources of the coping strategies they employed. The findings are discussed along with the current literature on CM, and certain implications and suggestions are provided for a better teaching practice.Keywords: Classroom management, pre-service teachers, EFL teacher education, foreign language teaching İngilizce Öğretmen Adaylarının Sınıf Yönetimi ile İlgili Karşılaştıkları Sorunlar ve Bu Sorunlarla Başa Çıkma Yöntemleri Öz Sınıf yönetimi öğretmen adaylarının öğretmenlik deneyimleri boyunca en sık karşılaştığı sorunlardan biridir. Bu çalışma nitel bir araştırma ile bu sorunları, çözüm yollarını ve bu çözüm yollarının kaynaklarını belirlemeyi amaçlamaktadır. Araştırmaya Anadolu Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi İngilizce Öğretmenliği programında öğretmenlik uygulaması yapan 12 öğretmen adayıkatılmıştır. Öğretmen adaylarından 12 haftalık öğretmenlik uygulaması boyunca haftalık olarak sınıf yönetimine ilişkin sorunlarını anlatan bir günlük tutmaları istenmiş, ayrıca her bir öğretmen adayıyla yarı yapılandırılmış görüşmeler yapılmış, gözlem ziyaretleri sırasında da notlar tutulmuştur. Verilerin analizi öğretmen adaylarının sınıf yönetimi ile ilgili sorunlarının çoğunlukla sınıflardaki öğrencilerden kaynaklandığı saptanmış olmakla birlikte öğretmen adaylarının kendileri, öğretilecek konu ve materyaller ile uygulama öğretmenleri de sorunların kaynağı olarak ortaya çıkmıştır. Ortaya çıkan sorunların çözümüne ilişkin de çok sayıda çözüm yolu ortaya konmuştur. Öğretmen adayları bu çözüm yollarının kaynağı olarak ise aldıkları öğretim yöntemlerine ilişkin dersleri, uygulama öğretmenlerini ve daha önceki yaşantılarında gözlemledikleri öğretmenleri göstermiştir. Araştırmanın bulguları sınıf yönetimi ili ilgili alan yazın bağlamında tartışılmakta, daha etkili bir öğretmenlik uygulaması için çeşitli öneriler ve çıkarımlar sunulmaktadır.Anahtar Sözcükler: Sınıf yönetimi, öğretmen adayları, İngiliz Dili Eğitimi, yabancı dil öğretimi

  12. Students' Attitudes to Information in the Press: Critical Reading of a Newspaper Article with Scientific Content

    Oliveras, B.; Mrquez, C.; Sanmart, N.

    2014-01-01

    This research analyses what happens when a critical reading activity based on a press article dealing with an energy-related problem is implemented with two groups of students of 13-14years old and 16-17years old in the same school (a total of 117 students). Specifically, the research analyses the students' profiles from the standpoint of

  13. Adaptation of problem mobile phone use scale to Turkish

    Ali Haydar Sar

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is adaptation of the “Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale ” which was developed by Bianchi ve Phillips (2005 to Turkish. In order to adapt the scale, firstly scale items were translated to Turkish by the researcher. Then translation form was further developed by consulting ten specialists. English and Turkish forms of scale were both filled by 30 undergraduate students with two-week intervals respectively. Two forms were accepted as equal since the correlation between them was 0.78. Turkish version of the scale was implemented on 300 students for validity and reliability studies. In Turkish version of the scale alpha valid value was calculated as 0.94, and reliable value vas calculated 0.88. Therefore, it can be concluded that Turkish version of the scale was reliable and valid.

  14. Adaptation of Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale to Turkish

    Ali Haydar Şar

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is adaptation of the “Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale ” which was developed by Bianchi ve Phillips (2005 to Turkish. In order to adapt the scale, firstly scale items were translated to Turkish by the researcher. Then translation form was further developed by consulting ten specialists. English and Turkish forms of scale were both filled by 30 undergraduate students with two-week intervals respectively. Two forms were accepted as equal since the correlation between them was 0.78. Turkish version of the scale was implemented on 300 students for validity and reliability studies. In Turkish version of the scale alpha valid value was calculated as 0.94, and reliable value vas calculated 0.88. Therefore, it can be concluded that Turkish version of the scale was reliable and valid.

  15. Analogical Transfer: Are There Performance Differences among High-Ability Students?

    McVey, Mary D.

    This study investigated the role of problem structure and metacognitive control in the analogical transfer of performance of 40 13- and 14-year-old gifted and highly gifted math students. Average and above average 16-, 17-, and 18-year-olds served as comparison groups. Students were given three algebra problems with solutions, followed by two…

  16. A Comparative Study of Croatian and Hungarian EFL Students

    Mihaljevic Djigunovic, Jelena; Nikolov, Marianne; Otto, Istvan

    2008-01-01

    This comparative research aims to provide insights into how Croatian and Hungarian 8th graders' proficiency in English as a foreign language (EFL) compares to one another in relation to organizational macro factors. A total of 717 14-year-old students participated in the study in two neighboring regions and towns of Croatia and Hungary examining

  17. Music Education Department students attitudes towards “Turkish Music History” course

    Müzik Eğitimi Anabilim Dalı öğrencilerinin “Türk Müzik Tarihi” dersinin işlenişine yönelik görüşleri

    Burçin Uçaner; Nezihe Şentürk

    2013-01-01

    This research was conducted in order to analyze the attitudes of second, third, and fourth grade students at the Faculty of Education, Department of Music Education towards the Turkish Music History course. Descriptive research methods with quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been adopted with an integrated approach. The sample group includes 871 second, third, and fourth students from Music Education Departments of  12 universities in Turkey. Data have been obtained via a Turkish Mu...

  18. Tabelas de referências das qualidades físicas básicas de meninos de 9 a 14 anos Tablas de referencia de capacidades físicas básicas en niños de 9 a 14 años Basic physical attribute reference (anthropometric tables for 9 to 14 year-old children

    Mauro Moraes-Macêdo

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Desenvolver tabelas de referência da antropometria e qualidades físicas coordenação, força explosiva de membros inferiores e velocidade de deslocamento de meninos entre 9 e 14 anos. Método Foram avaliados 536 indivíduos em antropometria (peso e estatura, protocolos de velocidade (30 metros, coordenação (Burpee e Força Explosiva (sargent jump test. A metodologia foi descritiva por survey normativo, as tabelas sendo classificadas a partir das médias obtidas e seus desvios padrão. Para valores acima da média em um desvio-padrão (Acima da média em dois desvios-padrão (Excelente e valores abaixo da média em um desvio padrão (Abaixo da média em dois desvios padrão (Muito abaixo da média, tendo como parâmetro a idade cronológica. Resultados Nas idades 09 e 11 anos, existe uma progressão dos valores no estudo, pois alcançando 12 e 13 anos, observa-se que a estatura e velocidade deixam de evoluir como anteriormente, com o grupo de 12 anos apresentando melhores resultados nessas variáveis do que 13 anos. A força explosiva de membros inferiores progrediu com a estatura exceto na idade 13 anos, onde os resultados foram menores do que aos 12 anos. A Coordenação Motora, diferenciou-se nas idades 9 e 10 anos onde apresentaram o mesmo comportamento. Aos 14 anos, a diferença em relação às idades 11,12 e 13 anos, recaem na faixa excelente da tabela, pois alcançam o escore de 08 repetições no teste. Conclusão As tabelas de referência demonstram aplicabilidade facilitando a comparação dos parâmetros do estudo para jovens brasileiros.Objetivo Desarrollar tablas de referencia de antropometría y capacidades físicas de coordinación, fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores y velocidad de movimiento de los niños entre 9 y 14 años. Método Se evaluaron 536 individuos en antropometría (peso y talla, protocolos de velocidad (30 metros, coordinación (Burpee y concentración (prueba de salto Sargent. La metodología fue descrita por las normas de la encuesta, las tablas que se ordenan a partir de los promedios y sus desviaciones estándar. Para valores superiores al promedio de desviación estándar (encima de la media en dos desviaciones estándar (Excelente y los valores por debajo de la desviación estándar promedio (debajo de la media en dos desviaciones estándar (muy por debajo del promedio, con el parámetro de la edad cronológica. Resultados En la edad de 9 a 11 años hay una progresión en los valores en el estudio mientras que en las edades de 12 y 13 años se observa que la altura y la velocidad no progresan como antes, pero el grupo de 12 años presenta mejores resultados en estas variables que el de 13 años. La fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores progresó con la altura hasta la edad de 13 años, excepto en los menores de 12 años de edad. La coordinación motora presentó el mismo comportamiento en las edades de 9 y 10 años y difirió de las de 14 años y las de 11, 12 y 13 años que entran en la clasificación considerada excelente de la tabla, ya que la puntuación llega a 08 repeticiones de la prueba. Conclusión Las tablas de referencia se aplican para facilitar la comparación de los parámetros del estudio para los jóvenes brasileños.Objective Developing anthropometric reference tables and physical qualities regarding coordination, lower limb explosive power and speed of movement for 9 to 14 year-old children. Method Anthropometric factors (weight and height, speed protocols (30 meters, coordination (Burpee and strength (Sargent jump test were assessed in 536 individuals. Descriptive methodology was used for survey standards, tables being sorted by their averages and standard deviations, values above average standard deviation (above the mean by two standard deviations (excellent and those below average standard deviation (below the mean by two standard deviations (very much below average regarding chronological age. Results Study values progressed up to age 9 to 11, whilst height and speed no longer evolved as before at age 12 and 13, the 12 year-old group presenting better results regarding these variables than the 13 year-old group. The lower limbs' explosive force progressed with height up to age 13, even though results were not so good in this group compared to the 12-year old group. Motor coordination was the same in the 9 and 10 year-old groups and differed from that for those aged 14, and 11,12 and 13 years where they entered the range of values considered excellent in the table, because the score reached 08 repeats for the test. Conclusion The reference tables appeared to be applicable, facilitating the comparison of parameters for studying young Brazilians.

  19. Identifying Accurate Equivalents between Turkish and Arabic for Foreign Language Teaching

    Kadizade, Esma Dumanli

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to make a list of accurate equivalents between Turkish and Arabic in order to help Arabic-speaking students learn Turkish as a second language, and offer teachers a guide to categorize and teach these lists. Equivalence between the different dialects of Turkish has been studied intensively by linguists. However, a review…

  20. Identifying Accurate Equivalents between Turkish and Arabic for Foreign Language Teaching

    Kadizade, Esma Dumanli

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to make a list of accurate equivalents between Turkish and Arabic in order to help Arabic-speaking students learn Turkish as a second language, and offer teachers a guide to categorize and teach these lists. Equivalence between the different dialects of Turkish has been studied intensively by linguists. However, a review

  1. AN EVALUATION OF ARAB STUDENTS TURKISH WRITING SKILLS ARAP ?RENC?LER?N TRKE YAZILI ANLATIM BECER?LER?N?N DE?ERLEND?R?LMES?

    Fatma BLKBA?

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, writing skills of Arab students learning Turkish as a foreign language is analysed with respect to error analysis approach. This study has been performed on 20 Arab students who have learned Turkish in Istanbul University. The data of the study are obtained by asking students to write 250-300-words compositions about What did you think about Turkey before coming to this country? Obtained data is classified as follows; grammatical errors, syntactic errors, lexical errors and spelling/punctuation errors. Then, these errors are evaluated according to error analysis approach as negative transfer errors and developmental errors. The result of evaluation put forward that 372 errors consists of 16,39 % grammatical error, 13,17% syntactic error, 15,59 % lexical error 54,58 % spelling/punctuation error. Besides, it is observed that students grammatical errors are mostly developmental error (52, 5% and negative transfer is more significant in spelling/punctuation (62, 2%, syntactic (55, 1 % and lexical (60, 3 % errors. Bu al??mada, yabanc? dil olarak Trke ?renen Arap ?rencilerin Trke yaz?l? anlat?m becerileri yanl?? zmlemesi yakla??m?na gre de?erlendirilmi?tir. Bu al??ma, ?stanbul niversitesinde yabanc? dil olarak Trke ?renen 20 Arap ?renci zerinde yap?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n verileri, ?rencilere Trkiyeye gelmeden nce Trkiye hakk?nda neler d?nyordunuz? konulu 250-300 szcklk birer kompozisyon yazd?r?larak toplanm??t?r. Elde edilen veriler, ilk nce ?u biimde s?n?fland?r?lm??t?r: Dilbilgisi yanl??lar?, szdizimsel yanl??lar, szck seiminden kaynaklanan yanl??lar, yaz?m-noktalama yanl??lar?. Daha sonra bu yanl??lar, yanl?? zmlemesi yakla??m?na gre olumsuz aktar?m yanl??lar? ve dilsel geli?im yanl??lar? olmak zere grupland?r?larak de?erlendirilmi?tir. De?erlendirme sonucunda, toplam 372 yanl???n % 16,39unun dilbilgisi, % 13,17sisinin szdizimi, % 15,59unun szck seimi ve % 54,58nn ise yaz?m ve noktalama yanl??? oldu?u grlm?tr. Ayr?ca, ?rencilerin dilbilgisi konusunda daha ok geli?imsel yanl?? yapt?klar? grlrken (% 52,5, yaz?m noktalama (% 62,2, szck seimi (% 60,3 ve sz dizimi (55,1 konusunda yapt?klar? yanl??larda olumsuz aktar?m?n etkisinin daha fazla oldu?u saptanm??t?r.

  2. FINDING AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON READING ALOUD ERRORS TO BILINGUAL TURKISH STUDENT (ROMANIA SAMPLE - ?K? D?LL? TRK OCUKLARININ SESL? OKUMA HATALARI ZER?NE TESP?T VE NER?LER (ROMANYA RNE??

    Mehmet KARA

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this study is to identify reading aloud errors of the bilingual Turkish children while teaching standard Turkish to them and to show the methods and techniques that can be used to correct these reading aloud errors. Due to the contribution of reading aloud to multiple language skills, detecting of errors made during reading aloud and their eliminations will contribute greatly to the development of reading, listening, speaking and writing skills. In this study, 16 different reading aloud errors were detected. These errors were 16 different reading aloud errors under two main headings as pronunciation and posture. They were repeating words, repeating syllables, eliding syllables, eliding sounds, elision, pronunciation, crosstalk, spelling mistakes, uttering failure, adding sounds, adding syllables, adding words, uncontrolled breathing, arrest, tracking with fingers, leaning while reading. In this study, the text Olive Cube with 812 words was designated as an application text on the basis of students proficiency levels. The students were made to read aloud the text and the data was collected by video recording while the students were reading. This study is an observational, descriptive model of qualitative research built upon video recording, video decoding and observation. The data was obtained according to proficiency levels, genders and marriage types. As a result of the study, totally 4689 errors were recorded in all of the proficiency classes. In all of the classes most errors were made in repeating words. It was shown that as the students levels increased, their error numbers decreased. When we measured all the reading aloud errors in all the proficiency classes according to students genders, it was emerged that the average errors that the female students made was lower than those of male students. Female students did all errors less than male students. When we evaluated the students reading aloud errors regarding their parents marriage types, the error making means of students with both Turkish mothers and fathers was less than those who were born within mixed marriages. The students born in a mixed marriage did all the types of errors more than the students with Turkish parents. As to suggestions, reading aloud techniques have been mentioned.

  3. An Investigation of the Validity and Reliability of the Adapted Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale-Short Version (MARS-SV) among Turkish Students

    Baloglu, Mustafa

    2010-01-01

    This study adapted the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale-Short Version (MARS-SV) into Turkish and investigated the validity and reliability of the adapted instrument. Twenty-five bilingual experts agreed on the language validity, and 49 Turkish language experts agreed on the conformity and understandability of the scale's items. Thirty-two subject

  4. Turkish Undergraduate Students’ Emotional Intelligence and Their Performance on English Language Test

    Karaman, Engin

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to investigate the emotional intelligence and the performance on English language test of Turkish undergraduate students. The purpose of the study was to answer the following research questions: (1) What is the emotional intelligence of the Turkish undergraduate students? (2) What is the performance of the Turkish undergraduate students on English language test? (3) What is the relationship between the emotional intelligence and the performance on English language ...

  5. THE PROBLEMS IN WRITTEN EXPRESSIONS OF TURKISH LANGUAGE LEARNING STUDENTS AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE: (YILDIZ TOMER SAMPLE) - TRKEY? YABANCI D?L OLARAK ?RENEN ?RENC?LER?N YAZILI ANLATIMLARINDA KAR?ILA?ILAN SORUNLAR (YILDIZ TMER RNEKLEM?)

    Talat AYTAN; Gney, Nail

    2015-01-01

    Language teaching aims to improve comprehension and narrating skills. While oral narration skills are mostly needed in daily life, writing becomes prominent in academic and cultural activities. In this study, the problems in written expressions of 16 students who are studying Turkish as a second language at Y?ld?z Technical University Turkish Teaching Centre A1 level and will start their bachelor, master and doctorate degrees. The data of the study is obtained from the texts written by the st...

  6. Perspectives of Turkish Intern and Non-Intern Students towards Sport Management Internship within the Context of Field Experience

    Coknaz, Dilsad

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine differences between intern and non-intern students in terms of their perspectives on sport management internship within the context of field experience. The subjects of the study were a total of 189 students. They were 4th year students who completed their internship and 3rd year students who were yet to…

  7. Perspectives of Turkish Intern and Non-Intern Students towards Sport Management Internship within the Context of Field Experience

    Coknaz, Dilsad

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine differences between intern and non-intern students in terms of their perspectives on sport management internship within the context of field experience. The subjects of the study were a total of 189 students. They were 4th year students who completed their internship and 3rd year students who were yet to

  8. PERCEPTIONS OF STUDENTS AND TEACHERS ABOUT THE LANGUAGE SKILLS IN THE CONTEXT OF TEACHING TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE - YABANCI DİL OLARAK TÜRKÇE ÖĞRETİMİNDE DİL BECERİLERİNE YÖNELİK ÖĞRENCİ VE ÖĞRETMEN GÖRÜŞLERİ

    Ümit YILDIZ

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the needed language skills of the students/graduates through the perceptions of current students/graduates and current/former instructors that were the shareholders of the process of teaching Turkish as a foreing language. The study also aimed to find out the most actualized language skills in the teaching environments. In the study, within the context of teaching Turkish to foreigners, needed language skills of the students were investigated. The study was conducted with 12 students/graduates who study/studied at Vilnius University Centre of Oriental Studies Turkish Studies Program and Faculty of Philology Lithuanian Language and Philology Foreign Language (Turkish Program in 2013-2014; 2014-2015 academic years. The other participants of the study were 3 instructors who teach/taught Turkish as a foreign language at the same university. The data collection instruments that were used in the study were document analysis for course contents, program descriptions, interviews with the current teachers/former teachers, and focus group interview with the students/graduates. The results of the study revealed that the most needed language skills by the students, as perceived by the participants, were speaking and reading. The study also revealed that according to the department they study at, students’ language skills needs differ.

  9. A Turkish adaptation of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire

    Jale Eldeleklio?lu

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to adapt the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire into Turkish and investigate its validity and reliability. The Turkish version of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire was administered to 442 university students. Firstly, language equivalence of the Turkish version the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire was investigated and findings indicated that the Turkish translation of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire is equivalent to the original form. Confirmatory factor analyses successfully revealed the two-factor (reappraisal and suppression structure of the Turkish version the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire. Further, based on the two-factor model, results from multi-group analysis indicated that the Turkish version of the Emotional Regulation Questtionnaire has the property of strict factorial invariance across gender, including equal factor loadings, equal item intercepts, and equal item uniqueness (error variances and covariances. The internal consistencies were .78 for the reappraisal and .73 for the suppression subscales. Test-retest reliabilities were .74 for the reappraisal and .72 for the suppression subscales. Overall, the Turkish version of the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire has adequate psychometric properties and can be used to examine emotion regulation among Turkish university students.

  10. An Investigation into the Representation of Geological Maps by 15-16 Year-Old Turkish Students

    Dal, Burckin

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores secondary school students' representations of a geological map. Ninety-two high school students (ninth graders--15- to 16-years-old) participated in the survey in Turkey. The findings indicate that students have only a vague idea of how a geological map is constructed, and how the map is affected by the topography. The…

  11. Predicting Student Satisfaction with an Emphasis on Campus Recreational Sports and Cultural Facilities in a Turkish University

    Çelik, Ali Kemal; Akyol, Kübra

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper was to determine the predictors of student satisfaction focusing on campus recreational sports and cultural facilities. The present study utilized data from a written-questionnaire administered to one thousand adult undergraduate students. The dependent variable used in predicting student satisfaction was…

  12. Educational Vouchers and Social Cohesion: A Statistical Analysis of Student Civic Attitudes in Sweden, 1999-2009

    Shafiq, M. Najeeb; Myers, John P.

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the Swedish national educational voucher scheme and changes in social cohesion. We conduct a statistical analysis using data from the 1999 and 2009 rounds of the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement's civic education study of 14-year-old students and their attitudes toward the rights of…

  13. Predicting Student Satisfaction with an Emphasis on Campus Recreational Sports and Cultural Facilities in a Turkish University

    Ali Kemal elik; Kbra Akyol

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper was to determine the predictors of student satisfaction focusing on campus recreational sports and cultural facilities. The present study utilized data from a written-questionnaire administered to one thousand adult undergraduate students. The dependent variable used in predicting student satisfaction was satisfaction levels of the respondents. Due to the ordinal nature of the dependent variable, an ordered logit model was performed to determine demographic and ...

  14. The Effects of Conflict Resolution Education on Conflict Resolution Skills, Social Competence, and Aggression in Turkish Elementary School Students

    Akgun, Serap; Araz, Arzu

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to implement "we can resolve our conflicts" training program to elementary school students and to assess the effectiveness of this school-based conflict resolution training program, designed to enhance students' conflict resolution skills and social competence and consequently decrease aggression. Three…

  15. The Environmental Attitudes of Turkish Senior High School Students in the Context of Postmaterialism and the New Environmental Paradigm

    Taskin, Ozgur

    2009-01-01

    The present study explores the environmental attitudes (EA) of senior high school students in Turkey, explains which determinant factors affect these EAs, and concludes with some suggestions for curricular reform. This study includes over nine hundred students from different school types, neighbourhoods, geographical regions, and socioeconomic…

  16. The Effects of the Cooperative Learning Method Supported by Multiple Intelligence Theory on Turkish Elementary Students' Mathematics Achievement

    Isik, Dilek; Tarim, Kamuran

    2009-01-01

    In the present experimental study, the effects of the cooperative learning method supported by multiple intelligence theory (CLMI) on elementary school fourth grade students' academic achievement and retention towards the mathematics course were investigated. The participants of the study were 150 students who were divided into two experimental

  17. Positive and Negative Affectivity as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Optimism and Life Satisfaction in Turkish University Students

    Kapikiran, Necla Acun

    2012-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to examine the mediator and moderator role of positive and negative affectivity variables on the relationship between optimism and life satisfaction in university students. 397 university students, ranging in age from 18 to 27 (M = 20.98), attending different departments of the Faculty of Education, at Pamukkale…

  18. A longitudinal study of perceptions of self-concept and professional self-concept in Turkish nursing students

    Ayişe Karadağ

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine the relationship between self-concept and professional self-concept amongst nursing students undertaking a four year degree. A descriptive longitudinal study was applied amongst all nursing students undertaking a four year degree starting in the academic year 2006-2007. The sample consists of total 78 students. The data collection was via two Likert scale type questionnaires about the self description of students and their descriptions of the professional qualities of nurses which were issued a week apart. The first questionnaire consisted of a self-report form of 40 adjectives and students were asked to rate the suitability of each adjective for describing their personality. The second questionnaire employed the same adjectives as the first questionnaire. Students were asked to rate how necessary it was for professional nurses to possess these qualities. SPSS was used to analyse the data via percentages and Cohen’s Kappa method. The data for first year students showed 77.6% were happy to have chosen nursing but significant nearly a quarter were not. 85.9% thought they had similar characteristics to those required by nursing but there was a significant minority of almost one sixth who felt they did not have the required characteristics. The congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept was highest in the fourth year followed by the first year with the second year being the lowest. Congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept across all four years was evident from our study. Some implications of these findings for nursing education and practice are considered. A realistic approach to what is involved in both the study and practice of nursing can increase the self and professional self-concept congruence. It is important for nursing educators to effectively manage student expectations as a better alignment of these with actual situations helps students cope with the demands placed upon them.

  19. The Turkish power elite

    Ali Arslan

    2006-01-01

    This study aims to analyse, the general power structure of Turkish society, and specifically the Turkish power elite. Also, the relationships within and between the elite groups, and the distribution of power will be examined. This paper will also try to understand and explain the distribution of power in Turkish society: How far is power (effective power) diffused in society or how far it is centralised and concentrated in the hands of elite groups?    In accordance with the p...

  20. Prevalência e associação de asma e rinite em adolescentes de 13 e 14 anos de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil Asthma and rhinitis prevalence and co-morbidity in 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil

    Maria de Fátima Gomes de Luna

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar a prevalência e associação de asma e rinite. Trata-se de estudo transversal envolvendo 3.015 adolescentes de 13-14 anos de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil, de escolas públicas e privadas, utilizando-se o protocolo do International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC, em 2006/2007. A prevalência de asma foi 22,6%; de rinite, 43,2% e de rinoconjuntivite, 18,7%, predominando no sexo feminino (p = 0,002, p This study aimed to measure the prevalence rates for asthma and rhinitis and the association between the two conditions. This was a cross-sectional study of 3,015 adolescents (13-14 years of age in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil, in public and private schools, using the protocol from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC, in 2006-2007. Prevalence rates were 22.6% for asthma, 43.2% for rhinitis, and 18.7% for rhinoconjunctivitis, with a predominance of females (p = 0.002, p < 0.001, and p < 0/001, respectively and private school students (p < 0.001. Among adolescents that reported asthma, the rhinitis rate was 64.4% and the rhinoconjunctivitis rate was 35.3%. The rates of association were 14.6% between asthma and rhinitis and 8% between asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis, with a predominance of females (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively and associated with speech-limiting wheezing (p = 0.037 and p = 0.004, respectively. The study can help call health professionals' attention to the importance of an integrated approach to these illnesses, considering the "single airway" concept and seeking treatment options that act on both asthma and rhinitis when the two conditions present simultaneously.

  1. The Most Important Concept of Transport and Circulatory Systems: Turkish Biology Student Teachers' Cognitive Structure

    Kurt, Hakan; Ekici, Gulay; Aksu, Ozlem; Aktas, Murat

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine biology student teachers' cognitive structure with regard to "Blood". Qualitative research method has been used. The free word association test and the draw-write technique have been used in collection of data. The data obtained have been evaluated and divided into categories based on…

  2. Influence of V-Diagrams on 10th Grade Turkish Students' Achievement in the Subject of Mechanical Waves

    Tekes, Hanife; Gonen, Selahattin

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine how the use of V-diagrams one of the learning techniques used in laboratory studies in experiments conducted regarding the 10th grade lesson unit of "waves" influenced students' achievements. In the study, a quasi-experimental design with a pretest and posttest control group was used. The study was

  3. The Effectiveness of Psycho-Educational School-Based Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Training Program on Turkish Elementary Students

    Cecen-Erogul, Ayse Rezan; Kaf Hasirci, Ozlem

    2013-01-01

    In Turkey, there is neither systematic nor structured child sexual abuse prevention programs for school-aged children in school settings. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a school-based child sexual abuse prevention program on elementary school (4th grade) students. Quasi-experimental design with pretest,…

  4. The Effects of Conflict Resolution and Peer Mediation Training on Turkish Elementary School Students' Conflict Resolution Strategies

    Turnuklu, Abbas; Kacmaz, Tarkan; Gurler, Selma; Turk, Fulya; Kalender, Alper; Zengin, Feza; Sevkin, Burcak

    2010-01-01

    The effectiveness of conflict resolution and peer mediation (CRPM) training among 10- and 11-year-old elementary school students was examined. The CRPM training program consisted of skills, such as understanding the nature of interpersonal conflicts, communication, anger management, negotiation and peer mediation. The research was carried out

  5. Fostering Critical Thinking about Citizenship Education in Particular Contexts: Notes from an Anglo-Turkish Student Teachers' Exchange Programme

    Busher, Hugh; Wilkins, Chris; Lawson, Tony

    2012-01-01

    Student teachers and staff from three universities in Turkey and from Leicester University, England took part in an exchange programme in Turkey and Britain in 2008-2009. Funding for this from the European Union (EU) and Turkey was in part related to Turkey's application for EU membership and currently contested discourses about the nature of

  6. Fostering Critical Thinking about Citizenship Education in Particular Contexts: Notes from an Anglo-Turkish Student Teachers' Exchange Programme

    Busher, Hugh; Wilkins, Chris; Lawson, Tony

    2012-01-01

    Student teachers and staff from three universities in Turkey and from Leicester University, England took part in an exchange programme in Turkey and Britain in 2008-2009. Funding for this from the European Union (EU) and Turkey was in part related to Turkey's application for EU membership and currently contested discourses about the nature of…

  7. Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study

    Yilmaz, Harun

    2011-01-01

    This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students were

  8. Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study

    Yilmaz, Harun

    2011-01-01

    This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students were…

  9. Global Citizenship Education in Social Studies: Experiences of Turkish Teachers and Students in International Conflict and War

    Arife Figen Aksoy

    2013-01-01

    With the impact of the media, international conflicts are increasingly becoming a part of both everyday life and global citizenship education. The purpose of this research was to understand the perceptions of students and teachers about the incidents of international conflict and war, how teachers present these issues in social studies course, and the problems teachers encounter in this process. This study was carried out as a qualitative case study research. The data were collected by parti...

  10. The Turkish ordeal

    Edib, Halide

    2013-01-01

    Title: The Turkish ordeal Originally published: New York, The Century Co., 1928 Language: EnglishThe excerpts used are from the original edition, pp. i; 30–33, 407. About the author Halide Edib (Adivar) [1882, Istanbul – 1964, Istanbul]: writer, journalist and political activist. Halide Edib was among the most prolific writers of the late Ottoman and early Republican periods, as well as being the most prominent female public figure of the Turkish independence struggle. Born in Istanbul to a w...

  11. Deep Dysgraphia in Turkish

    Ilhan Raman; Brendan Stuart Weekes

    2005-01-01

    Deep dysgraphic patients make semantic errors when writing to dictation and they cannot write nonwords. Extant reports of deep dysgraphia come from languages with relatively opaque orthographies. Turkish is a transparent orthography because the bidirectional mappings between phonology and orthography are completely predictable. We report BRB, a biscriptal Turkish-English speaker who has acquired dysgraphia characterised by semantic errors as well as effects of grammatical class and imageabili...

  12. Turkish political elites

    Ali Arslan

    2006-01-01

    This study was designed to find general characteristics of Turkish Parliamentary Elites. Social background characteristics were employed to realize the purposes. Documentary and historical research techniques (Bulmer, 1994) were used during the study. Two different data sets were created for analysis from the governmental publications and records and publications of the Turkish Grand National Assembly which is the main legislative organ in Turkey.As a result of examining all the assemblies in...

  13. Evaluation of the Turkish text types in Turkish course books in primary schools

    Emine Kolaç

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The skill of and responsibility for using the mother language accurately starts in the first grade of the primary school. In this context, the textbooks of the Turkish language courses have important duties to fulfill. The texts in the coursebooks, thus, function as the means to demonstrate the students the richness, delicacy, and beauty of the mother tongue in order to provide an awareness and endearment of the language. Distinguished samples of the Turkish and world literature are operative in raising the students’ awareness of the rules of Turkish, as well as tranforming this awareness into behavior, and later into habits. As a result, it is important for the school textbooks to contain texts which are compatible with the objectives of the curriculum and which have high literary value. Are the texts which are keys for achieving the fundamental skills and program objectives stated in the curricula of the Turkish language courses in the primary schools (in grades 1-8 by the Turkish Ministry of Educationand which are mentioned in the coursebooks -distributed to the schools by the ministry- actually adequate for meeting these expectations? In order to evaluate the current situation and improve the quality of Turkish language teaching, the texts need to be analyzed, problems need to be identified and stated, and solutions need to be sought through careful examination and research.The present study reports on a descriptive analysis of the Turkish language textbooks (for grades 1-5; 6-8 distributed to the schools by the National Ministry of Education in 2007. The genre and the quality of the texts have been investigated. Data have been obtained through document analysis which is one of the qualitative research methods. A total of 237 (144+93 texts have been studied individually with respect to text type and their distribution. Findings have been reported in frequency tables in addition to samples from the texts, and a discussion of the findings have also been provided.

  14. Evaluation of the Turkish text types in Turkish course books in primary schools

    Emine Kolaç

    2009-01-01

    The skill of and responsibility for using the mother language accurately starts in the first grade of the primary school.  In this context, the textbooks of the Turkish language courses have important duties to fulfill.  The texts in the coursebooks, thus, function as the means to demonstrate the students the richness, delicacy, and beauty of the mother tongue in order to provide an awareness and endearment of the language.  Distinguished samples of the Turkish and world literature are operat...

  15. Global Citizenship Education in Social Studies: Experiences of Turkish Teachers and Students in International Conflict and War

    Arife Figen Aksoy

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available With the impact of the media, international conflicts are increasingly becoming a part of both everyday life and global citizenship education. The purpose of this research was to understand the perceptions of students and teachers about the incidents of international conflict and war, how teachers present these issues in social studies course, and the problems teachers encounter in this process. This study was carried out as a qualitative case study research. The data were collected by participant observations carried out in Social Studies lessons and by semi-structured interviews with the participating teachers and students. The data were analyzed using interpretive thematic analysis. The findings from this study revealed that the teachers in this study acted in protective, emotional, rational and tentative modes while teaching the issues of international conflict and war. The study also found that the teachers’ behaviors while teaching controversial issues had an influence on the students’ knowledge, skills and attitudes on the subject. In addition, the students’ age and maturity level, gender, socio-economic and cultural level had an influence on learning about these issues. Finally, the findings indicated that the teachers who participated in this study did not have sufficient knowledge and experience in teaching controversial issues and international conflict and war.

  16. Evaluating environmental tobacco smoke exposure in a group of Turkish primary school students and developing intervention methods for prevention

    Davutoglu Mehmet

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In countries like Turkey where smoking is highly prevalent, children's exposure to tobacco smoke is an important public health problem. The goals of this study were to determine the self-reported environmental tobacco smoke exposure status of primary school students in grades 3 to 5, to verify self-reported exposure levels with data provided from a biomarker of exposure, and to develop methods for preventing school children from passive smoking. Methods The study was conducted on 347 primary school students by using a standard questionnaire and urinary cotinine tests. Children with verified ETS exposure were randomly assigned to 2 intervention groups. Two phone interviews were conducted with the parents of the first group regarding their children's passive smoking status and its possible consequences. On the other hand, a brief note concerning urinary cotinine test result was sent to parents of the second group. Nine months after the initial urinary cotinine tests, measurements were repeated in both groups. Results According to questionnaire data, 59.9% of the study group (208 of 347 were exposed to ETS. Urinary cotinine measurements of children were highly consistent with the self-reported exposure levels (P 0.05. Conclusion Self-reported ETS exposure was found to be pretty accurate in the 9–11 age group when checked with urinary cotinine tests. Only informing parents that their childrens' ETS exposure were confirmed by a laboratory test seems to be very promising in preventing children from ETS.

  17. Perceptions of Foreigners about Process of Learning Turkish (Trke ?renen Yabanc?lar?n ?renme Srelerine Ynelik Alg?lar?).....Doi: 10.14686/BUEFAD.201428189

    MELANLIO?LU, Deniz

    2014-01-01

    Foreign students process of learning Turkish has been a neglected research topic in studies conducted on teaching Turkish to foreigners. This study tackles the process foreign students go through while learning Turkish within the dimension of learning domains.The aim of this study is to obtain information about the Turkish learning process of foreign students who come to Turkey for higher education.This research is a qualitative study. Criterion sampling was used in determining the sample ...

  18. Student Engagement and Library Use: An Examination of Attitudes Towards Use of Libraries and Information amongst Undergraduate Students at a Turkish University Library

    Cribb, Gulcin; Holt, ?lkay

    2012-01-01

    The competitive environment in which university libraries operate and provide their services and resources is one of the biggest challenges to engage todays undergraduate students. There is a limited amount of high quality attention and time students have, to be able to be engaged with what the library offers them. Planning and designing library awareness and information literacy programs, particularly for new students, has presented itself as an on-going challenge for librarians worldwide i...

  19. [Food preferences of 10- to 14-year-old boys and girls].

    Diehl, J M

    1999-02-01

    To assess their food preferences a list of 114 foods and 14 beverages was submitted to a sample of 696 boys and 537 girls aged 10 to 14 years. For each item subjects had to rare by means of a five-point facial scale how much they liked or disliked it. Items with highest preference ratings were foods like pizza, ice cream, spaghetti, French fries, hamburgers, pudding, corn flakes, potato chips and popcorn, but also included the most common types of fruit. Disliked to a high degree were liver, canned or steamed fish, raw sauerkraut and red cabbage. In food groups derived by factor analysis, fast food, candy and salty snacks (along with fruit) showed highest mean liking, while vegetables (particularly cooked) ranked at the bottom of the scale. In boys significantly stronger preferences were found for food groups such as fast food, meats, cold cuts and fish, whereas girls had a (slightly) higher preference for fruit, vegetables and cheese. Neither children's age nor relative weight were related to their food preferences to a significant degree. Similarly, groups defined by father's educational level did not show important differences in their food preferences. PMID:10081073

  20. Correlation between Fitness and Fatness in 6-14-year Old Serbian School Children

    Ostojic, Sergej M.; Stojanovic, Marko D.; Stojanovic, Vladan; Maric, Jelena; Njaradi, Nenad

    2011-01-01

    Lack of physical activity and/or physical fitness are some reasons epidemiologists suggest for increase in childhood obesity in the last 20 years, with clear correlation between body composition and physical activity and/or physical fitness yet to be determined. The objectives of the study were to (a) investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Serbian school children and (b) determine the relationship between indicators of physical activity and body fatness in Serbian school c...

  1. Improvements in Behavioral Symptoms following Antibiotic Therapy in a 14-Year-Old Male with Autism

    P. Lucas Ramirez; Kelly Barnhill; Alan Gutierrez; Claire Schutte; Laura Hewitson

    2013-01-01

    This case report describes the benefits of antibiotic and antifungal therapy on behavior in a child with autism undergoing treatment for encopresis. Over the course of treatment, the child exhibited a reduction in aberrant behaviors, increased gastrointestinal function, and improved quality of life.

  2. An Assessment of Oral Hygiene in 7-14-Year-Old Children undergoing Orthodontic Treatment

    Krupińska-Nanys, Magdalena; Zarzecka, Joanna

    2015-01-01

    Backround: The study is focused on increased risk of dental plaque accumulation among the children undergoing orthodontic treatment in consideration of individual hygiene and dietary habits. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted among 91 children aged 7-14 including 47 girls and 44 boys. The main objectives of the study were: API index, plaque pH, DMF index, proper hygiene and dietary habits. Statistical analysis was provided in Microsoft Office Exel spreadsheet and STATISTICA statis...

  3. HaNDL syndrome in a 14-year-old girl.

    Rivero-Sanz, Elena; Pias-Peleteiro, Leticia; Gonzalez-Alvarez, Veronica

    2016-01-01

    Transient headache and neurological deficits with cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis (HaNDL syndrome) consists of recurrent headaches with focal neurological signs, which can include motor, sensory and aphasic symptoms. Although considered rare, it is becoming increasingly recognised in clinical practice due to the accumulation of case reports. The pathophysiology remains unclear although changes in the neurovascular resemble those found in migraine, which are thought to be triggered by an infectious process. HaNDL can mimic various serious, including life-threatening, diseases, such as stroke and meningoencephalitis, which is why vigorous tests should be sought before this diagnosis of exclusion can be reached. Treatment is symptomatic and the prognosis is excellent. A literature review of the topic is discussed. We report an adolescent girl who presented with recurrent expressive dysphasia and right-sided hypoaesthesia and moderate occipital headaches who was diagnosed with HaNDL syndrome. PMID:26768705

  4. Medication use among children 0-14 years old: population baseline study

    Maria J.B. Cruz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of medication use in children and adolescents in 20 municipalities of Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais-Brazil, showing the main groups and variables that may have influenced use. METHODS: Descriptive population-based survey sample of 555 interviews, selected by simple random cluster sampling of 137 census tracts. Inclusion criteria were age ≤ 14 years, mandatory interview with the legal guardians, and regardless of having received medications. Regarding the usage pattern, participants were divided into two groups: consumption and non-consumption of drugs. A descriptive analysis of the variables and tests of association were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of drug consumption was 56.57%, and 42.43% showed no consumption. The use of medicinal plants was 72.9% for drug users and 74.3% for non-users. The health conditions for consumption were cough, common cold, flu, nasal congestion or bronchospasm (49.7%, fever (5.4%, headache (5.4%, diarrhea, indigestion, and abdominal colic (6.7%. In cases of self-medication, 30.57% of the drugs were given by the mother, and 69.42% were prescription drugs. Self-medication was prevalent using paracetamol (30.2%, dipyrone (20.8%, and cold medicine (18.8%. There was increased use of analgesics/antipyretics, followed by respiratory medications, systemic antibiotics, histamine H1 antagonists, and vitamins/antianemics. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of drugs use in children was high, indicating the need for formulating educational programs aiming at the awareness of caregivers regarding rational use.

  5. STUDY ON DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF COMBATIVITY OF JUDOKA 11-14 YEARS OLD

    Sava Mihai Adrian

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Given the purpose of the research and the expectations, we formulated the following hypotheses: 1. Combativity is a component of the mental capacity that promotes / limits athletic performance in judo. 2. In the preparatory process the combativity is an independent variable of the mental capacity. To conduct this research we used the questionnaire method. Thus we developed a questionnaire entitled "Questionnaire for discovering the combative spirit level", which contains 25 questions. The questionnaire was applied to a sample of 12 judo athletes aged 11 to 14 years, which is the experimental group of the present research and who are legitimated at Royal Judo Club Bacău. The implementation of a strategy to optimize the combativity of judoka 11-14 years at the experimental level, ended with good results and was reflected in the evolution of the judoka, achieving good and very good results in the competitive period.

  6. The development of clear speech strategies in 9-14 year olds

    Pettinato, M.; Hazan, V.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the development of global clear speech strategies of child talkers. Two groups of 20 talkers aged 9-10 (children) and 13-14 (teens) were recorded in pairs while they carried out spot the difference picture tasks, either hearing each other normally (NB condition) or with one talker hearing the other via a three-channel noise vocoder (VOC condition). Acoustic-phonetic analyses focused on the talker having to overcome the communication barrier. Data were compared to those...

  7. A rare case of an isolated triquetrum body fracture in a 14-year-old boy

    Nikolaus Horras

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Isolated carpal fractures are uncommon injuries usually caused by a fall on the outstretched hand. The patient might present with non-specific clinical signs and X-ray diagnosis might be difficult due to bone overlay. An isolated triquetrum body fracture is an absolute rarity. The treatment is easy and the outcome excellent but if missed, degenerative changes with chronic pain and impaired movement might be the consequence.

  8. Event Narratives in 11-14 Year Olds with Autistic Spectrum Disorder

    King, Diane; Dockrell, Julie E.; Stuart, Morag

    2013-01-01

    Background: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) are known to have difficulties in narrative language and especially with use of evaluative enrichment devices. However, little is known about their production of event narratives. Aims: To establish if children with ASD differ from typically developing peers in their production of general…

  9. Asymptomatic intracardiac mass in a 14-year-old girl with granulomatosis with polyangiitis: Case report

    Harris Julia G

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA; Wegener’s granulomatosis is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis of unknown etiology that commonly involves the upper airways, lungs, and kidneys. Cardiac involvement with an intracardiac mass is an exceedingly rare manifestation of this disease, especially in the pediatric population where, to our knowledge, only one article exists to date that has described such a finding. In this report, we present the case of an adolescent female who initially presented with renal failure and an intracardiac mass. Subsequent work-up led to a diagnosis of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA. Cardiac manifestations in pediatric GPA are not common; however, they may be more prevalent than reported given recent adult literature and concern for clinically silent abnormalities.

  10. Asymptomatic intracardiac mass in a 14-year-old girl with granulomatosis with polyangiitis: Case report

    Harris Julia G; Salvay David M; Klein-Gitelman Marisa S

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA; Wegener’s granulomatosis) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis of unknown etiology that commonly involves the upper airways, lungs, and kidneys. Cardiac involvement with an intracardiac mass is an exceedingly rare manifestation of this disease, especially in the pediatric population where, to our knowledge, only one article exists to date that has described such a finding. In this report, we present the case of an adolescent female who initially...

  11. Genetic risk factors of disc degeneration among 12-14-year-old Danish children

    Eskola, Pasi J.; Kjær, Per; Daavittila, Iita M.; Solovieva, Svetlana; Okuloff, Annaleena; Sorensen, Joan S.; Wedderkopp, Niels; Ala-Kokko, Leena; Männikkö, Minna; Karppinen, Jaro I

    2010-01-01

    evaluated from magnetic resonance im- ages (MRI). We analysed the association between DD and single nucleotide polymorphisms or haplotypes using logis- tic regression analyses. Of the 352 children studied, 73 boys and 81 girls had no MRI changes, while 30 boys and 36 girls had lumbar DD. Among girls, IL1A...

  12. Quality of Life in Under-14-Year-Old Children After Adenotonsillectomy

    Fathollah Behnoud

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy is one of the most frequent surgical procedures especially in children. Several indications and contraindications have been suggested for this procedure. The benefits and the negative results of this operation have been studied by different researchers; nevertheless, to date, it is still a common procedure. The main purpose of this study is to obtain extensive information on the outcomes of adenotonsillectomy, according to the patient's physical, emotional and behavioral changes and also on the overall changes in his/her quality of life (QOL. Materials and Methods: All the children, aged 1-14, referred to the Besat Hospital clinics (Hamadan, Iran between March 2008 and March 2009 were included in this study. Overall, 86 children with documented indications underwent adenotonsillectomy, and were followed up for one year.  Two modified standard questionnaires for QOL were completed before and one year after the tonsillectomy. Upon the completion of this two-year study, statistical analyses were performed, and the demographic data of the study groups were compared with those of a same-age group. Results: Changes were observed in five main complaints as follow: Acute Recurrent tonsillitis was present in 86 patients preoperatively, but in only three cases postoperatively (pharyngitis. Confirmed chronic sinusitis was present in 24 patients preoperatively, but only in three cases during the year after the surgery. Oral breathing was seen in 82 patients preoperatively, but only in one patient during the year after the surgery. Nocturnal snoring was seen in 83 children preoperatively, but in 25 cases during the year after the surgery. Halitosis was present in 71 patients, while and halitosis was seen in 27 during the year after the surgery. Conclusion: Overall, the majority of the parameters studied showed significant differences after surgery.

  13. Dietary Knowledge, Behaviours and Attitudes of Students of Public School in a Northeastern City in Brazil

    Marize Melo dos Santos; Adriana de Azevedo Paiva; José Ivo dos Santos Pedrosa; Rosângela Lopes Viana

    2014-01-01

    This quasi-experimental intervention was conducted with 10- to 14-year-old students enrolled in public schools in Teresina, Brazil, to evaluate the effects of a nutritional education program on the students’ knowledge, behaviour and attitudes towards nutrition. The dietary attitudes were evaluated in terms of food tastes/preferences and food behaviours. The participants in the study included 126 students from four schools. Differences between before and after the intervention were found regar...

  14. Problems in Teaching Tenses to Turkish Learners

    İsmail Çakır

    2011-01-01

    This study focuses on the problems in teaching tenses to Turkish students at university level in Turkey. Some of the problematic and confusing tenses such as Past Simple and Present Perfect Tense, Present Continuous and Present Simple, Past Simple and Past Continuous Tense Teaching grammar have been handled throughout this study with the data obtained from the written exams of the learners. Most frequently occurred errors have been listed and they have been analyzed in detail. The findings re...

  15. APPOSITIONS IN GERMAN AND IN TURKISH

    Umut BALCI

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Turkish and German grammar books include word parts combined with secondary nouns. We call these, which exemplify the noun, as apposition. Turkish grammar books draw different conclusions from the term Apposition and it shows that it needs to be especially explicated. The apposition can be seen as resumption of same meaningful lexical units considered as a stylistic device providing a context-dependent credibility of expression, coherence, clarity, variation, adequacy and facility. We use many appositions consciously or unconsciously both in speaking and written language. When we compare the frequency of apposition usage with the relative clause, displaying the same function, apposition is surprisingly higher. According to statistical data, in every 100 sentences chosen from any text, there are about 30 appositions. Nevertheless, the apposition receives little attention especially in grammar teaching books, sometimes it even does not. Although it’s rare occurrence in the grammar books, we constantly encounter their syntactic, semantic and pragmatic dimensions in various types of texts. The reason why the Apposition in grammar teaching has received little discussionmight be a topic of other studies and we are not going to deal with this issue here. The purpose of this particular study is to reveal how much the Apposition is known as a grammatical category by our students and what can be done to increase the related awareness in this regard. Within the scope of this research study, the relative clauses present significance, as they are the most preferred and used ones among the Turkish learners who learn German as a foreign language. Due to their morphosyntactic structural difficulties, they are often memorized more than other forms of sentence. Moreover, they require more effort and in spoken form, they are economically impractical. However, it does not mean that theyarenotused or exaggerated in their usage because each mode of expression has its own value. This means that we see apposition rather than a stylistic device providing variation both in spoken and written language. The structures called as apposition is crucial for German language teaching. These structures, which serve structural functions, are however disregarded yet. Therefore, in this study, initially, the appositional structures in Turkish and German are compared and then an empirical analysis was conducted by an implementation in the course of Comparative Grammar, with 24 second year students of German Language Teaching Department at the Faculty of Education in the University Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart. In addition to the comments on findings, we also suggested various exercise types focusing on the solution offering ways on how it is possible to work through apposition in German language teaching. As a result we have found out that, the apposition in German has different contents from Turkish. We have also found out that nominal syntax, which is not thought like the ones in German grammar, are referred to as apposition in Turkish language. Such conceptual changes are especially seen in broad apposition, which is usually used in both languages with commas, rarely with dashes and parentheses and with colon especially in Turkish. The close apposition behaves partially different in German and Turkish. In German, close appositions, which are combined with a title / salutation form / function / class / profession / or relative name can be prefixed: Staatsanwalt Müller vs. der Staatsanwalt Müller. The non-underlined part is always the apposition and the underlined part, however, is the root word referring to the apposition. The difference in meaning between words and reference makes opposition about definite and indefinite or article and null article and those are seen as a unit of relevant noun phrase. It is impossible to combine both parts with an article. These morphosyntactic findings, which are built with the declination, don’t play a significant role in Turkish appositional forms. Although Nida öğretmen and öğretmen Nida are semantically different from each other, Turkish grammar books rarely mention the difference. Since Turkish is an agglutinative language, the lack of article category makes it difficult between the differences of meaning in both syntactic forms. In fact it can make the rules of declination in Turkish validity, because they – the declination- can be generalized in Turkish due to their semantic motivation and in other languages. The declined word is the reference word and the other is the apposition. Examples in Turkish grammar reveal that, both morphological and syntactic criteria are ignored and the meaning of lexeme (profession, title or kinship term is seen as a unique way out and these lexemes are not the ones as if they can never be seen as a reference word of other appositions. The most important difference between Turkish and German appositions is that, while the appositions like ordinal numbers are used after the names of rulers in German, it is used before names in Turkish and this situation makes it difficult to learn for the student. We assume that, the learner overcomes learning problems through conscious creation of appositional exercises and they can learn to use structures of apposition as a stylistic device.

  16. The Use of Personalized Texts for Teaching Turkish as a Second Language

    Kardas, Demet

    2016-01-01

    This study attempted to identify the advantages of using personalized texts for teaching Turkish grammar rules to foreigners. The sample comprised two homogenous groups, one experimental and one control, who studied at TÖMER (Turkish Language Learning Research and Application Center) at Gazi University. The students in the experimental group were…

  17. The Impact of Dictation Practice on Turkish as a Foreign Language Learners' Writing Skills

    Büyükikiz, K. Kaan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to learn about the impact of dictation practice on B1 level Turkish as a foreign language learners' writing skills. In this study, a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design with control group was used. The study was carried out with 24 B1 level students enrolled in Gaziantep University Turkish and Foreign Languages…

  18. Critical Thinking Dispositions of Pre-Service Turkish Language Teachers and Primary Teachers

    Maltepe, Sadet

    2016-01-01

    The present study aimed to determine critical thinking dispositions of pre-service Turkish language and primary teachers in terms of several variables by employing descriptive survey design. The study group consisted of 215 senior students attending Turkish Language Teaching and Primary Education Departments of Necatibey Faculty of Education at…

  19. The Impact of Dictation Practice on Turkish as a Foreign Language Learners' Writing Skills

    Bykikiz, K. Kaan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to learn about the impact of dictation practice on B1 level Turkish as a foreign language learners' writing skills. In this study, a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design with control group was used. The study was carried out with 24 B1 level students enrolled in Gaziantep University Turkish and Foreign Languages

  20. Turkish Primary School Teachers' Opinions about Problem Posing

    Kilic, Cigdem

    2013-01-01

    Problem posing is one of the most important topics in a mathematics education. Through problem posing, students gain mathematical abilities and concepts and teachers can evaluate their students and arrange adequate learning environments. The aim of the present study is to investigate Turkish primary school teachers' opinions about problem…

  1. Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?

    Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

    2013-01-01

    Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being

  2. Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?

    Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

    2013-01-01

    Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being…

  3. Tackling with Refugee Children's Problems in Turkish Schools

    Dogutas, Aysun

    2016-01-01

    The main aim of this study is to produce a solution to improve the refugee and asylum seeker students' adaptation to the Turkish schools and classrooms by using action research approach which is often preferred for solving the problems encountered by the educators. The sample of the study consists of selected students at a primary school in…

  4. On Turkish Art

    VEINSTEIN, Gilles

    2015-01-01

    For the first time since its creation in Ankara in 1959, the 14th International Congress of Turkish Art was held in Paris. By deciding to hold it in our capital, the organizing com­mittee, gathered in Budapest in September 2007, sought to honour­ France. This was a great event on the history of art and archaeo­logy in the Turkish-Ottoman world. The committee wished to commend the dynamic nature of French research, both at national and international level, just as the new department of Islamic...

  5. The Turkish power elite

    Ali Arslan

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyse, the general power structure of Turkish society, and specifically the Turkish power elite. Also, the relationships within and between the elite groups, and the distribution of power will be examined. This paper will also try to understand and explain the distribution of power in Turkish society: How far is power (effective power diffused in society or how far it is centralised and concentrated in the hands of elite groups?    In accordance with the pluralists views one could argue that, power has been diffused and fragmented among many people or elite groups which together participate in the decision-making process in contemporary Turkish society. Nevertheless, decisive and effective power (parallel with the main thesis of the elitist view has been concentrated and centralised in the hands of the small number of elite groups which are the most powerful in the national power structure. They are predominant over other groups and these dominant groups know what others do not know and can do what others cannot do.

  6. Korelace mezi sportovní činností a užíváním návykových látek u 14letých žáků a žákyň základních škol ve Slovinsku Correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year-old primary school male and female pupils in Slovenia

    Jože Štihec

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Cílem tohoto průzkumu bylo zjistit, zda u 14letých žáků existuje korelace mezi sportovní aktivitou a užíváním návykových látek. Tento průzkum je založen na dotazníku s 38 proměnnými, přičemž pravděpodobnostní vztahy mezi proměnnými byly testovány pomocí chí-kvadrát testu. Analýza ukázala, že ve svém volném čase se sportu věnuje 80 % chlapců a 85 % dívek. Sportu se věnují většinou dvakrát až třikrát týdně. Většina chlapců se věnuje sportu závodně (39 %, zatímco dívky se věnují především rekreačním pohybovým aktivitám (48 %. Pokud jde o kouření, ke kuřákům patří 4 % procenta chlapců a 12 % dívek. Většina chlapců začala kouřit ve věku 13 let, dívky ve věku 12 let. 90 % chlapců a 94 % dívek již nějaký alkoholický nápoj vyzkoušelo – jde tedy o většinu žáků ve věku od 10 do 13 let. Pokud jde o užívání drog, vyzkoušelo je 18 % chlapců a 26 % dívek. Nejčastějšími typy drog jsou inhalace, pilulky a marihuana. Většina žáků prohlásila, že kouření, pití alkoholu a užívání nelegálních návykových látek vyzkoušela ze zvědavosti. Rodiče většinou podporují děti v provozování sportu. Většina žáků se domnívá, že sport a kouření spolu nejde dohromady. Domnívají se, že sportovní aktivity jsou činnosti, které by od užívání návykových látek mohly odrazovat. Zjistili jsme, že mezi sportovními aktivitami a užíváním legálních i nelegálních návykových látek není statisticky významná korelace. Statisticky významná korelace však byla zjištěna u pití alkoholu v případě chlapců (pivo a víno a inhalace látek v případě dívek. Rozdíly by zřejmě mohly být výraznější v pozdějším věku – při přechodu mezi základní a střední školou. Mladé lidi by bylo možno od užívání legálních i nelegálních návykových látek odradit nabídkou většího množství aktivit, které by jim umožňovaly trávit volný čas přiměřenějším a kvalitnějším způsobem. The aim of this research was to establish whether there is a correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year old pupils. This research is based on a questionnaire of 38 variables and the probability relations among the variables have been tested by the chi-square. Analysis has shown that 80% of male and 85% of female pupils practice sport in their leisure time. On average, they practice sport 2 to 3 times a week. The majority of male pupils practice sport competitively (39%, while female pupils primarily practice not officially organized recreational sports (48%. As for smoking, 4% of the male and 12% of the female pupils smoke, the majority of the male pupils had their first cigarette at the age of 13, female pupils at the age of 12. Regarding alcohol use, 90% of the male and 94% of the female pupils had tried an alcohol beverage, which means a majority of pupils between ages 10 and 13. As far as drugs are concerned, 18% of the male and 26% of the female pupils tried drugs. The prevailing types of drug-taking are vapor inhaling, pills and marijuana. The majority of pupils said they had tried smoking, drinking alcohol and taking illicit drugs out of curiosity. Parents mainly encourage their children to practice sport. The majority of pupils think that sport and smoking do not go together, they are of the opinion that sport activities are those activities that could discourage drug-taking. We have ascertained that is no statistically significant correlation between sport activities and taking drugs both legal and illicit drugs. However, a statistically characteristic correlation has been ascertained with regard to drinking alcohol in the case of male pupils (beer and wine and inhaling vapors in the case of female pupils. Differences would be probably more evident at a later time – the transition from primary to secondary school. To discourage young people from drug-taking, both legal and illicit, they should be offered more activities so that they can spend their free time in a reasonable and qualitative way.

  7. Elderly Turkish Migrants in Denmark

    Blaakilde, Anne Leonora; Petersen, Signe Sofia Gronwald; Yazici, Suzan

    simoultaneously translated from Turkish, English and Danish by the two interviewers; a medical doctor from Turkey and an ethnologist from Denmark. Results The interviews revealed a high level of functional illiteracy, low social and economic status and little language skills except for Turkish. From their life......Elderly Turkish migrants in Denmark: Health in a life course perspective Objective According to Statistics Denmark, Turkish immigrants constitute the largest immigrant group in Denmark with 1.1% of the population (60,390 people) in 2012. They account for a higher rate of chronic ailments and a...... elderly people by studying the every day life of elderly Turkish migrants. Methods Qualitative interviews were carried out with 12 Turkish men and 18 women aged 54-80. The interviews had a focus on their health practices and health perceptions in a life history perspective. The interviews were...

  8. Seigniorage revenue and Turkish economy

    Levent, Korap

    2006-01-01

    In our paper, we try to investigate the courses of inflation tax and seigniorage revenue for policy makers of the Turkish economy. For this purpose, we first construct an ex-ante seigniorage revenue maximizing inflation model, and then calculate annual inflation tax and seigniorage revenues for the post-1980 period Turkish economy. Following these theoretical issues, an empirical model is constructed upon the Turkish economy, and our expost estimation results reveal that inside the period con...

  9. Teaching Grammatical Aspects of the Turkish Language as Means of Students’ Communicative Competences Formation at the Initial Stage of Training

    Liliya Sh. Shafigullina

    2015-01-01

    The relevance of this article is caused by the insufficient development of the research on learning the grammatical peculiarities of the Turkish language, which enhances the effectiveness of learning Turkish speech, which would be focused on the development of procedural communicative speech qualities of the student's personality. In this context, this article serves as the attempt to solve the problem of improving the effectiveness of teaching grammatical aspects of the Turkish language. The...

  10. Primo, the Turkish child

    Seyfeddin, Ömer

    2012-01-01

    Title: Primo, Türk çocuğu (Primo, the Turkish child) Originally Published: The fist part of the story (‘How he was born’) was published in Genç kalemler, Selanik, 1911. The second part (‘How he died’) was published in Türk sözü, Istanbul, 1914. Language: Ottoman Turkish The excerpts used are from a 1970 edition of collected stories: Ömer Seyfettin, Bomba – Bütün eserleri (Ankara: Bilgi, 1970), pp. 7–15, 29–32, 34, 38, 39, 57–60, 71–74. About the author Ömer Seyfeddin [1884, Gönen, Balıkesir (...

  11. THE FIRST BOSNIAN-TURKISH/TURKISH BOSNIAN LEXICOGRAPHIC WORK

    Edina Ustavdić

    2011-01-01

    In this work, the authoress interprets the frst Bosnian-Turkish/Turkish-Bosnian dictionary Maqbul-i ‘Arif, or better known as Potur Shahidi written by Muhammed Hevai Uskuf, a Bosnian Muslim, born in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in 1631 (Hevaji, 1724).

  12. Turkish pepper (extra hot)

    Woywodt, A; Herrmann, A.; Choi, M.; Goebel, U; Luft, F

    2000-01-01

    A 38 year old female office worker was admitted with a newly discovered blood pressure of 250/110 mm Hg. Evaluation for secondary forms of hypertension was negative and treatment was begun. Sodium excretion was markedly reduced, plasma aldosterone was normal, and plasma renin activity was low. Therefore, presence of an aldosterone-like activity was suspected. Eventually, the patient confessed to abusing "Turkish Pepper", a brand of Scandinavian liquorice candies and "Fisherman's Friend", anot...

  13. Evaluation of the Turkish text types in Turkish course books in primary schools

    Emine Kolaç

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The skill of and responsibility for using the mother language accurately starts in the first grade of the primary school.  In this context, the textbooks of the Turkish language courses have important duties to fulfill.  The texts in the coursebooks, thus, function as the means to demonstrate the students the richness, delicacy, and beauty of the mother tongue in order to provide an awareness and endearment of the language.  Distinguished samples of the Turkish and world literature are operative in raising the students’ awareness of the rules of Turkish, as well as tranforming this awareness into behavior, and later into habits. As a result, it is important for the school textbooks to contain texts which are compatible with the objectives of the curriculum and which have high literary value.  Are the texts which are keys for achieving the fundamental skills and program objectives stated in the curricula of the Turkish language courses in the primary schools (in grades 1-8 by the Turkish Ministry of Educationand which are mentioned in the coursebooks -distributed to the schools by the ministry- actually adequate for meeting these expectations?  In order to evaluate the current situation and improve the quality of Turkish language teaching, the texts need to be analyzed, problems need to be identified and stated, and solutions need to be sought through careful examination and research.The present study reports on  a descriptive analysis of the Turkish language textbooks (for grades 1-5; 6-8 distributed to the schools by the National Ministry of Education in 2007.  The genre and the quality of the texts have been investigated.  Data have been obtained through document analysis which is one of the qualitative research methods. A total of 237 (144+93 texts have been studied individually with respect to text type and their distribution.  Findings have been reported in frequency tables in addition to samples from the texts, and a discussion of the findings have also been provided.

  14. Adapting Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale into Turkish

    Korkmaz, Ozgen; Kaya, Sinan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine online self-regulated learning levels of students by adapting "Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale" designed by Barnard and his colleagues into Turkish. Present study, irrespective of being a scale analysis, is at the same time a qualitative research. It is executed via scan model. Study group of research…

  15. Metaphors of Turkish Preservice Teachers about the Concept of "Literature"

    Bagci, Hasan

    2013-01-01

    This research has been done for the purpose of searching out the perceptions of the Turkish preservice teachers related to the term of "Literature" by the help of the concept of metaphors. 230 students have been participated to the study who have studied at Mehmet Akif Ersoy University(Turkey),Faculty of Education, Department of Turkish…

  16. Parenting Styles and Life Satisfaction of Turkish Adolescents

    Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya

    2012-01-01

    This study examined adolescents' perception of satisfaction from various life domains according to gender and parenting styles among 562 Turkish adolescents [53.2% girls; Mean (M) age = 14.1, Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.85]. The participants completed the multidimensional students' life satisfaction scale and the parenting style inventory. The

  17. Evaluation of Learning and Teaching Process in Turkish Courses

    Coskun, Eyyup; Alkan, Murat

    2010-01-01

    A radical educational reform occurred in Turkey in 2005; and curriculum of primary education courses was renewed. New curriculum was prepared based on constructivist approach. In this scope, curriculum of Turkish course was also renewed. This study aims at evaluating applications and opinions of teachers and students about learning and teaching

  18. Turkish Mathematics Teachers' Experiences with Geogebra Activities: Changes in Beliefs

    Kul, Umit

    2012-01-01

    The curriculum for Turkish primary mathematics education was revised in 2005. The idea behind these reforms was to move from a subject-centred model to a student-centred model. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in teachers' mathematical beliefs following a professional development (PD) course based on the use of Geogebra. This…

  19. Parenting Styles and Life Satisfaction of Turkish Adolescents

    Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya

    2012-01-01

    This study examined adolescents' perception of satisfaction from various life domains according to gender and parenting styles among 562 Turkish adolescents [53.2% girls; Mean (M) age = 14.1, Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.85]. The participants completed the multidimensional students' life satisfaction scale and the parenting style inventory. The…

  20. Eating Attitudes and Their Psychological Correlates among Turkish Adolescents

    Bas, Murat; Asci, F. Hulya; Karabudak, Efsun; Kiziltan, Gul

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the eating attitudes and psychological characteristics of Turkish late adolescents. Seven hundred eighty-three university students were administered the Eating Attitudes Test, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Social Physique Anxiety Scale. More than one in ten (9.2% of the males and 13.1% of the…

  1. Turkish Parents' Perceptions of Their Involvement in Schooling

    Erdener, Mehmet Akif

    2013-01-01

    Parent involvement has an influence on children's educational engagement during the elementary years. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of rural Turkish parents about their involvement in schooling with elementary school students based on Epstein's (1995) six types of parental involvement (parenting, communicating,…

  2. BILINGUAL SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS VIEWS ON TURKISH COURSES - İKİ DİLLİ ORTAOKUL ÖĞRENCİLERİN TÜRKÇE DERSİNE YÖNELİK GÖRÜŞLERİ

    Nevin AKKAYA

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Today the diversity in language and cultural has been seen as richness that should be protected and maintained continuously by many nations. Considering its past, and due to its geographical location, Turkey, which has hostipalized numerous nations and languages, has also recognized this richness and studies on language and especially multilinguism have gained importance. The nations which grasp the meaning of the sentence, “ Being bilingual is fate, but being multilingual is an opportunity.” Have emphasized the concept of multilingualism and this concept has gained significance in language teaching. With the principle of EU’s which is based on bringing up multicultural and multilingual individuals, language acquirement lessons except the lesson teaching the mother tongue, have been considered as a path to multiculturalism. Human beings living in different geographical regions have usually been at least bilingual. They have mutually acquired the languages within the family , their region and other societies’ languages. In 19th century, after the formation of nations with specific boundaries and the announcement of their formal “native language”, “ citizens” believed in the necessity of learning the formal language and the formal culture of the geographical location they inhabit just to conform to that particular geographical location. Related to this situation, formal language, languages of the minority, native language and subject matters like these have been a matter of concern and which language to use in education has been discussed. Individuals who speak a non-formal language before reaching school age, have had the need to acquire the formal language quickly. When we consider this matter by looking at the conditions in Turkey, it has been known through observation and also the interviews with the teachers that students whose native language is not Turkish go through and experience a number of problems. In this study, the identification of the attitudes of the bilingual students who are going to play an important part in the future of Turkey with their native languages such as Arabic, Kurdish, Zazaca? and Russian toward Turkish lessons and their personal views on the lessons has been the aim of this study in Mehmetcik Secondary School in Istanbul . To carry out this study and to collect the qualitative data, a questionnaire with open-ended questions has been prepared to apply to the seventh and eighth grade students. The data gathered from this questionnaire will be examined using qualitative research methods.

  3. Konuşma Becerisinin Türkçe Öğretmenleri Tarafından Kullanılabilirliğine İlişkin Türkçe Öğretmeni Adaylarının Görüşlerinin İncelenmesi
    An Investigation Of Speaking Skills Of Turkish Teachers From The Viewpoint Of The Preservice Turkish Teaching Teachers

    Onur ER; Özden DEMİR

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate fourthgrade Turkish Teaching Department Students’ (both normal andevening education) views regarding Turkish Teachers’ speaking skills.Convenient sampling method was used for qualitative data. Prospectiveteachers’ views on Turkish teachers’ using speaking skills were exploredusing a semi-structured interview form. Target population of the studyis fourth grade students enrolling Turkish Teaching department atKafkas University. In the...

  4. Adaptation of Academic Self-Efficacy Scale into Turkish

    Hüseyin ÖNCÜ

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of this study is to adapt Academic Self-efficacy Scale into Turkish, determine validity and reliability of the scale developed by Morgan and Jinks (2003. Because of the correlation between the marks obtained from the English and Turkish Forms of the scale is .95, both of these forms were accepted as equivalent. Working group of the study included 380 students who were attending 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grades of four different primary schools in three counties of Ankara. Structural validity of the scale determined through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. As a result of exploratory factor analysis, it was seen that scale has three factor structure as it was original, but the third factor formed different factor. Factors were ability, context, and educational quality. Scale's reliability of Turkish form was determined as .80 with repetition and through Cronbach alfa inner reliability technique as .82.

  5. Psychometric properties of the Turkish form of Codependency Assessment Tool.

    Ançel, Gülsüm; Kabakçi, Elif

    2009-12-01

    This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Codependency Assessment Tool (CODAT) developed by C. Hughes Hammer, D. S. Martsolf, and R. A. Zeller (1998a, 1998b) for Turkish students and investigated the relationship of codependency with attachment styles and family problems. After the translation of the CODAT, Beck Depression Inventory, Experiences in Close Relationships-Revised, and Family Problems of Young Adulthood Evaluation Scale, each was administrated to Turkish female nurse students (n = 400). Factor analysis and Cronbach's alpha values were then computed. Five-factor solution revealed a similar factor structure for the Turkish version of CODAT compared with that of the original tool. Five factors explained 48.38% of the variance. All of the items (with one exception) loaded on their original factors. Cronbach's alpha values for factors ranged between .62 and .78. For the total score, Cronbach's alpha was found to be .75. After statistically controlling for the effects of depressive symptoms, analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) was conducted to investigate if the attachment styles and family problems would change depending on codependency levels. For ANCOVAs, CODAT scores were treated at three levels. Students with higher CODAT scores had more attachment-related anxiety and reported more family problems after controlling for the effects of depressive symptoms. Our research results support the internal consistency and validity of the Turkish version of CODAT. PMID:19926026

  6. A DIFFERENT APPROACH TO TEACHING HISTORY OF TURKISH EDUCATION: PAINTING EXHIBITION

    Yasemin ERSÖZ

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Turkish history of education is a lesson which examines our educational ideas, thoughts, corporations and experiences till today and light the way for resolution of today’s education. One of the purposes of the educational faculties is trying to make education problems of Turkey and Turkish world comprehended by students within historical depth and unity and direct them to take lessons from past experiences and find solutions. However in the current mechanism the efficiency of the Turkish Education History lesson is a matter of debate. Student oriented approaches which will save this lesson from being a chronological memorization lesson and increase student interest and make them comprehend the importance of the lesson. In this context Turkish Education History lesson was conducted by project based learning approach, which is one of the modern learning methods, in 2011-2012 academic year, in Inonu University, Education Faculty, Art Teaching Department. In this frame, a project aiming to develop a positive attitude from 3rd grade students towards Turkish Education History lesson and effective learning, was developed. The Turkish Education History of 2500 years starting from Huns until today, was visualized by students by using painting, sculpture and graph and an exhibition was held within the Education Faculty body consisting of the 58 created pieces of art. After the exhibition which received the appreciation of lecturers and education faculty students, the ideas of students having the Turkish Education history lesson were received about the process of project based learning approach used in the lesson. In this study, case study which is among the qualitative research patterns was conducted, semi-configured interview was performed with 22 volunteer students by taking their voice records. From the interview results, it was understood that while most of the students had a negative thoughts and attitudes towards the lesson at the beginning of the term, their thoughts and attitudes towards the lesson changed in positive direction after the project based learning.

  7. Teaching English Subject Pronouns And To Be Verbs in the Turkish Texts: The Turkish Method / İngilizce Şahıs Zamirleri ve Olmak (To Be) Fiillerinin Türkçe Metin İçersinde Öğretimi: Türkçe Yöntemi

    Tomakin, Ercan

    2014-01-01

    The study aimed to teach English subject pronouns (I, you, he, etc.) and to be verbs (am, is, was, been, etc.) to students using transliteration in the Turkish texts easily and implicitly. The Turkish words used were chosen from a Turkish dictionary and the possible Tukish texts were produced specially by the researchers on a systematic study. These texts were used by the English teachers in two elementary schools, and in one elementary school by the English and student teachers together. The...

  8. Turkish electricity reform

    Bagdadioglu, Necmiddin [Department of Public Finance, Hacettepe University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey); Odyakmaz, Necmi [E.ON Holding, Armada Business Centre, 06520 Ankara (Turkey)

    2009-03-15

    Turkish electricity reform has progressed slowly due to internal resistance against privatisation, and gained momentum after Electricity Market Law of 2001, prepared in line with EU Energy Acquis and established required institutional and legal framework. Although the eligibility threshold has reached 39% market opening rate, the dominant position of public both as owner and decision-maker is still the major problem in the sector. Currently Turkey is self-sufficient in electricity, but likely to face shortages in 10 years if the growing demand is not met by either speeding the liberalisation process, or joining the South East Europe Electricity Market. (author)

  9. Turkish electricity reform

    Turkish electricity reform has progressed slowly due to internal resistance against privatisation, and gained momentum after Electricity Market Law of 2001, prepared in line with EU Energy Acquis and established required institutional and legal framework. Although the eligibility threshold has reached 39% market opening rate, the dominant position of public both as owner and decision-maker is still the major problem in the sector. Currently Turkey is self-sufficient in electricity, but likely to face shortages in 10 years if the growing demand is not met by either speeding the liberalisation process, or joining the South East Europe Electricity Market. (author)

  10. Complement control in Turkish

    Słodowicz, Szymon

    2007-01-01

    Complement control is a well-known phenomenon in Turkish linguistics, and different proposals for analysing it are available. The majority of these treat control as a structural phenomenon, cf. Kerslake (1987), Özsoy (1987; 2001) and Kural (1998). In sum, control is predicted only in sentences with complement clauses formed with the suffixes -mEk and -mE, which can be case-marked, but the appearance of a possessive marker definitely precludes control. As far as the control relations are conce...

  11. DETERMINATION OF FUNCTIONALITY OF TURKISH STUDENT STUDY BOOKS IN TEACHING TURKISH PRIMARY SECOND STAGE İLKÖĞRETİM İKİNCİ KADEMEDE KULLANILAN TÜRKÇE ÖĞRENCİ ÇALIŞMA KİTAPLARININ İŞLEVSELLİĞİNİN BELİRLENMESİ

    Ali GÖÇER

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The main mission of educational institutions to provide to the students the necessary information. More importantly, students learned skills into their knowledge to show the way. Students' learning skills into their knowledge one of effective ways: student workbooks, and native place of the events when the time is to work. The purpose of this study, second grade elementary school students in Turkish lessons in a workbook activities carried been realized to determine the status. This motion, the student workbook is to determine the status of being used as functional.In this research, qualitative research approach in the context of document analysis methods and scanning techniques used. Collection of student work books will be reviewed in Kayseri for primary schools and among the strata must be determined via sampling. A total of 54 Turkish students study books were collected in school. In each grade level as an elective to a required four themes were selected. The themes identified in the student workbooks have been investigated the level of realization of activities. According to the data obtained, activities undertaken with students more than activities that are not made at all, but in general, student workbooks are not used functionally. Eğitim kurumlarının temel görevi öğrencilere gerekli bilgileri öğretmekten öte, öğrencilerin öğrendikleri bilgileri beceriye dönüştürebilmelerinin yollarını göstermektir. Öğrencilerin öğrendikleri bilgileri beceriye dönüştürebilmelerinin etkili yollarından biri öğrenci çalışma kitaplarındaki etkinliklerin zamanında ve yerli yerince işlenmesidir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, ilköğretim ikinci kademede Türkçe dersi öğrenci çalışma kitaplarındaki etkinliklerin gerçekleştirilme durumunu inceleyerek bu kitapların işlevsel olarak kullanılıp kullanılmadığını belirlemektir. Araştırmada nitel araştırma yaklaşımı çerçevesinde doküman inceleme yöntemi ve tarama tekniği kullanılmıştır. İncelenecek Türkçe öğrenci çalışma kitaplarının toplanacağı ilköğretim okulları, amaçlı ve tabakalamalı örnekleme yolu ile belirlenmiştir. Bu çerçevede 2008-2009 öğretim yılı sonunda Kayseri’de Melikgazi, Kocasinan ve Tomarza ilçelerinin her birinden 3 olmak üzere toplam 9 ilköğretim okulu belirlenmiştir. Okulların 6. ve 7. sınıflarında öğrenim gören öğrenciler arasından seçkisiz olarak 3’er öğrenci belirlenerek 6. ve 7. sınıf düzeyinde 27’şer olmak üzere toplam 54 Türkçe Öğrenci Çalışma Kitabı (ÖÇK toplanmıştır. Her sınıf düzeyinde bir seçmeli bir de zorunlu olmak üzere 4 tema seçilmiştir. Öğrenci çalışma kitaplarının belirlenen temalarında yer alan etkinliklerin gerçekleştirilme düzeyini belirlemek amacıyla her bir etkinlik incelenerek durum tespiti yapılmıştır. Elde edilen verilere göre, incelenen kitaplarındaki gerçekleştirilen etkinliklerin gerçekleştirilmeyenlerden oransal olarak fazla olsa da öğrenci çalışma kitaplarının işlevsel olarak kullanılmadığı kanaatine varılmıştır.

  12. Obesity-Related Factors in Turkish School Children

    Cihad Dündar; Hatice Öz

    2012-01-01

    Objective. To determine the prevalence of obesity and its risk factors in Turkish children. Method. This cross-sectional survey was conducted on students including 1271 boys and 1206 girls selected from 20 secondary schools in Samsun, Turkey. A predesigned questionnaire was used to elicit the information on individual characteristics. The height and weight of students were measured in their classroom. Obesity was defined as body mass index at or above the 95th percentile for age of the sex-sp...

  13. The Use of Request Expressions by Turkish Learners of Japanese

    AKKUŞ, Derya; Barış KAHRAMAN

    2007-01-01

    This study investigates the use of Japanese request expressions by Turkish learners of Japanese (TLJ). Data were collected through discourse completion test (DCT) making use of two different situations. 82 undergraduate students, studying at the Department of Japanese Language Teaching, Faculty of Education, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University and whose ages range from 18 to 27 years old, participated in the DCT. Since they consist of 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th year students, their Japanese proficie...

  14. Adapting Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale Into Turkish

    Ozgen KORKMAZ; KAYA, Sinan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine online self-regulated learning levels of students by adapting “Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale” designed by Barnard and his colleagues into Turkish. Present study, irrespective of being a scale analysis, is at the same time a qualitative research. It is executed via scan model. Study group of research consists of collectively 222 students. Firstly the original scale has been translated by two educational technologists who are efficient in both Tu...

  15. Determination of Turkish Education Teacher Candidates Views Related to Critical Thinking

    Zeynep ET?NKAYA

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In this research, the aim is to determine the views of Turkish Education teacher candidates related to critical thinking. The data have been obtained by California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory transcribed into Turkish by Kkdemir (2003. The research group of the study is composed of 195 students in the department of Turkish Education in Faculty of Education at Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University. Descriptive statistics, t test and one-way analysis of variance have been used for data analysis. As a result of the research, it has been found that Turkish Education teacher candidates critical thinking dispositions are low. While there is no meaningful difference according to the type of school graduated, there has been obtained meaningful differences for gender and class variances. Female teacher candidates compared to male ones and the students in the 1st class compared to the ones in the 4th class have showed more positive opinions related to critical thinking.

  16. Snapshots of a Culture: How Do American and Turkish Elementary Students Represent Their Cultural Identities Using Technology as a Means of Expression and Communication?

    Simsek, Ali; Nuss, Shirley

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how elementary students can learn about the culture of another country and how technology can play a role in this process. The sample of the study included 135 fifth grade students from the United States and Turkey. Initial knowledge and information sources of students were assessed at the beginning of…

  17. Cartoons as a Teaching Tool: A Research on Turkish Language Grammar Teaching

    Yaman, Havva

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of teaching by utilizing cartoons on student success in the Turkish language courses in primary school secondary level students. Working group of the study consists of 54 students studying in primary state school in Sakarya province Hendek district. In the study, the "Rule and Concept Test on

  18. The European dimension in the Turkish history curriculum: an investigation of the views of teaching professionals

    Dinç, Erkan

    2005-01-01

    This study highlights three main concerns in relation to history teaching in Turkish secondary schools. The first one investigates student and practising history teachers' and history teacher educators' views on the existing Turkish secondary school history curriculum and its implementation. The second concern is to explore the perspectives of the same population about Europe and the European dimension in history teaching. The last one deals with their suggestions on the improvement of the hi...

  19. Adaptation Of Web Users Self-Efficacy Scale (Wuse) to Turkish: Validity and Rehability Study

    ALTUN, Taner; Palancı, Mehmet

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to adopt Web Users Self-Efficacy Scale (WUSE) developed by Eachus & Cassidy (2006) to Turkish and analyze its validity and reliability. A total of 706 students studying at Karadeniz Technical University (KTU), Gazi University (GU), Sakarya University (SU) and Kırıkkale University (KU) participated in the study. Validity and reliability analyses were done after completing linguistic equivalency and its appropriateness to Turkish. For the structural validity “Explorator...

  20. Turkish Librarianship: A Selected Bibliography

    Tonta, Yaşar

    1995-01-01

    The main purpose of this bibliography is to list some of the journal articles, reports and books on Turkish libraries, information centers and archives which appeared in the international professional literature. It is prepared primarily for those attending the 61st IFLA Council and General Conference in İslanbul with the hope that the bibliography can be used as a reference point by the library and information professionals and researchers wishing to further their knowledge about Turkish lib...

  1. A Checklist of Turkish Rotifers

    Ustaoğlu, Mustafa Ruşen; ALTINDAĞ, Ahmet; Kaya, Murat; AKBULUT, Nuray

    2012-01-01

    In a book chapter containing the first checklist and distribution of Turkish rotifers, published in 1999, were listed 167 taxa. The second checklist, published in 2004, reported 229 rotifer taxa in Turkey. During the 7 years since this checklist process, many studies have been carried out and we have prepared a new checklist of Turkish rotifers in the present study. In all, 341 rotifer taxa have been recorded to date.

  2. CRITICAL LISTENING IN TURKISH EDUCATION

    KEMİKSİZ, Ömer

    2015-01-01

    Listening which is one of the basic language skills of Turkish is used most commonly in daily life according to the most studies that are done. In the community life, the success of interpersonal relation is directly related to the effective use of listening skills. These skills have been discussed in detail in the Turkish Courses 6, 7, 8 classes) Education Program which are prepared according to constructivist approach. With this arrangement it has been compulsory to include a listening text...

  3. Postmaterialism, new environmental paradigm and ecocentric approach: A qualitative and quantitative study of environmental attitudes of Turkish senior high school students

    Taskin, Ozgur

    The present study aims to elucidate the determinant factors that affect environmental attitudes (EA) of senior high school students in Turkey and the origins of these EAs. Over nine hundred students from different school types, neighborhoods, geographical regions, social-economic backgrounds participated in the questionnaire based surveys which are called the New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) and the General Attitudes and Perceptions (GAP), and twenty of those students were interviewed as well. Survey results show that EAs of students vary depending on school type, gender, parents' education levels and professions, and household income. Normal public high school students, females, lower-middle class students, students with well educated parents in white collar professions, and student with liberal parents have more pro-environmental attitudes than the others. With regard to school type, students from public technical high school (vocational school), almost all of which are based on single-sex education, have scored the lowest on both surveys which are the NEP and the GAP. The results from the qualitative portion are as follows: Students' perceptions about the environment and related issues are limited to their local habitat. Although the mean scores of students on both surveys do not differ to a statistically significant extent depending on geographical regions, interviews show that participants from different regions have distinct priorities, which range from poverty to sea pollution. Even though students' first priority in their lives is education, education is perceived as a mechanism to achieve a more prosperous life rather than an end in itself. Almost all interview participants agree on the importance of education in shaping EAs. Interestingly, some interviewees (four out of ten males) also comment that a man's sense of his own masculinity can be threatened when confronted by another man to change his attitude towards the environment.

  4. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS AND TURKISH TEACHING

    Murat ÖZBAY

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Psycholinguistics is a science formed with the contributions of linguistics examining the origins,generations and the qualities of language usage, and of psychological science studying the human behaviours.Language acquisition focuses on its comprehension and usage.Psychological processes coming out during the language learning and its usage are analysed in the light of psycholinguistics.It is also aimed to make more detailed definitions for language behaviours and display its usage refering to the functions of language.This study primarily gives information about the process of how psycholinguistics becomes an independent science and analyses its relation with the thought and society.The reflections of psycholinguistics to four basic language skills are also tried to assess in the last part of the study in relation to the Turkish Teaching Programme.

  5. Adaptation of Instructional Materials Motivation Survey to Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study

    Hülya Kutu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to adapt “Instructional Materials Motivation Survey [IMMS]”, developed by J. M. Keller, to Turkish and investigate validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the survey. The original version of the survey was composed of 36 items gathered under four factors (attention, relevance, confidence, satisfaction. The survey was translated into Turkish. Views of 15 faculty members who were expert in Turkish and foreign language were sought in terms of correctness of meaning in Turkish and integrity of items into culture of Turkish education system. Turkish version of the survey was administered to total of 262 university students from Education Faculties of Ataturk and Erzincan Universities. The item-total correlations were calculated, and items which had negative or low correlation with the total survey score (r<.30 were excluded from the survey. The construct validity of the survey was examined by exploratory factor analysis. Varimax rotation technique was used due to the separation into irrelevant factors. Finally the survey was constructed from 24 item gathered under two factors. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha for the whole survey was calculated as 0.83, and 0.79 and 0.69 for the two sub-factors respectively.

  6. Turkish Cypriot literature course in emerging cultural and educational policies.

    Pehlivan, A.

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, certain political changes have occurred in the Turkish Cypriot community with the accession of Cyprus to the European Union. Policies and parties in favor of this accession accepted the idea of a united Cyprus; the majority of the Turkish Cypriots (65% voted in favor of a Cypriot identity. Such political transformations affected education as well. As one of the results of these new policies, a course entitled “Turkish Cypriot Literature” was introduced in schools. In this article we report a study on the ideology, content and instruction of the TCL course. In this study a questionnaire was given to high school teachers and students in order to find out their views about the ideology, content and instruction of the course. In addition, the authors of the TCL literary history were interviewed to gather their views on the content and ideology of the course. This study shows that a new ideology has been accepted by teachers, students and the authors of literary history. According to them the TCL course helps to contribute to the Turkish Cypriot culture and its values. In regard to the content of the TCL course it can be noted that the content of TCL is accepted by both the teachers and the students. However, the authors of the TCL literary history point to the fact that there are deficiencies and irrelevant subjects in the content of the TCL courses. The other research question of the study is to determine the views of the teachers and the students on the way TCL is taught. The teachers and the students are hesitant about the effectiveness of such instruction.

  7. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF REFUSAL SPEECH ACTS USED BY TURKISH EFL LEARNERS AND NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH

    Alize CAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims at comparing the pragmatic competence of Turkish EFL Learners to that of native speakers of English when performing the speech acts of refusals. The study was conducted with 26 Turkish EFL Learners, who were junior year ELT students at Trakya University, and 10 Native Speakers of English. To elicit data, Discourse Completion Task was implemented and obtained data was analyzed with content analysis technique. The frequencies of formulaic refusal expressions applied by Turkish EFL Learners were compared to the ones of native speakers’ of English by means of qualitative methods. The qualitative data gathered from participants revealed that the quality of the refusal strategies uttered by Turkish EFL Learners differed significantly from those made by the native speakers of English. Besides, it is apparent that the quality of linguistic and socio-pragmatic knowledge of Turkish EFL Learners is not native-like as they do not prefer appropriate refusal strategies used by native speakers of English.

  8. Factors influencing Turkish teacher candidates' elective course preferences

    Duygu Uçgun

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available By the Academic Year of 2006-2007, new curriculum has been begun to be applied in the Faculties of Education. When it is evaluated in terms of Turkish Language Teacher Training Departments, it is seen that the most attractive changes are the abolition of Side Branch application, the increase in the number of the courses which will contribute to teacher candidates’ profession and the enrichment in the content. In the curriculum are 5 elective courses beside necessary ones. The aim of this study is to determine what and how much effects the Turkish Language Teacher Candidates as they decide on the courses mentioned above. In the study, based on scanning method, of which subject is consists of 2nd, 3rd and 4th year students from Turkish Language Teacher Training Department, The Faculty of Education of Nigde University Likert-type Scale with four grades which was improved by Tezcan and Gumus (2008 has been used as data collection tool. According to the finding acquired from the study the factors effecting Turkish Language Teacher Candidates’ preferences about elective courses have been determined and ideas which are going to contribute to determination of elective courses and effective process of them have been suggested.

  9. Prevalence of depression, its correlates among students, and its effect on health-related quality of life in a Turkish university

    Arslan, Gul; Ayranci, Unal; Unsal, Alaettin; Arslantas, Didem

    2009-01-01

    Objective The aims were to investigate the prevalence of depression among university students, and to determine some of the risk factors connected to depression, and also to evaluate its effect on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Methods This cross-sectional survey was conducted between 1 December 2007 and 31 January 2008 at Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, in western Turkey. The study group consisted of 822 students. The questionnaire included the students’ socio-demographic character...

  10. Editorial Statement: Special Issue on Turkish Education

    Mustafa Yunus ERYAMAN

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available For this current issue, three articles and a book review are published. In her historical investigation, “Can Progressive Education Be Translated into a Progressive Idea?: Dewey’s Report on Turkish Education (1924,” Dr. Yasemin Alptekin, from Yeditepe University, explores the various interpretations of Dewey’s philosophy of ‘progressive education’ in the translated versions of Dewey’s 1924 report on Turkish education.In “Cultural Sensitiveness of School Goals and Students’ Failure in Turkey,” Dr. Ismet Sahin, from the University of Kocaeli, investigates the degree of agreement or the level of importance that students of different ethnic origin in East and Southeast Turkey give to the goals of education and schooling. In “The Future of Whole Language,” Dr. Carol Gilles, from the University of Missouri-Columbia, critically analyzes the history of whole language through the eyes of someone who participated in the grass-roots movement, and explore the future of whole language through the voices of whole language and literacy leaders around the world. In the book review section, Nihat Kahveci, from the University of Illinois, repots a critical and extensive review of Bernard Lewis’ “History: Remembered, Recovered, Invented” published in 1975 by Princeton University Press.

  11. Turkish students perceptions of professionalism at the beginning and at the end of medical education: a cross-sectional qualitative study

    Mustafa Volkan Kavas

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Medical students perceptions of professionalism might reflect the impact of the current educational processes on their professional identity development. This study focuses on Ankara University Faculty of Medicine students perceptions of good doctor along with the factors effective on the formation of these perceptions. Method: Six focus groups with 59 medical students from Grade-1 and Grade-6 were held. The transcripts of discussions were analyzed thematically. Results: Results regarding being a good physician mostly mirrored the findings of previous studies framing the medical professionalism concept. The thematic pattern of the discussions on the relation between professional development and medical education suggests that students suffer from a gradual erosion of perception during medical education. That the education cannot either change the person for the better or might downgrade the person instead of improving her/him were shared by participants from both grades. Students consider clinical practice and role models two main variables determining the person's qualification as a professional. Conclusions: The formal and hidden programs determine the quality and efficacy of the professional education together. Attempts to restructure medical education must recognize the reciprocal dynamics between these two components and, thus, should carefully work out the practical aspect of the educational processes.

  12. A validity and reliability study of physical activity enjoyment scale-short form for Turkish children and youthFiziksel etkinlikten hoşlanma ölçeği-kısa formunun Türk çocuk ve gençleri için geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması

    A. Dilsad Mirzeoğlu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Although there are many benefits of  physical activity on people, it is important to provide enjoyment in the physical activity to increase and  ensure the continuity of the participation. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Physical Activity Enjoyment  Scale-Short Form for the 9-14 years old Turkish students.  150 students (91 girls, 59 boys  in 4-8 classes from Hatay, İstanbul and Krd. Ereğli were participated in this study. The expert report, descriptive factor analysis, Confirmatory factor analysis were used to construct validity of the study and Cronbach Alpha internal coefficient value was performed for the reliability of Turkish version of Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form. Results of the exploratory factor analysis showed that the factor values of the items between .606 and .735, the eigenvalue 2.351 and descriptive variance value  %  47.017 were found. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the adaptive values of the scale were RMSEA = .057, χ² / df = 1.476, TLI = .960, CFI = .980 and SRMR = .039. According to the results the single factorial construct was supported. The Cronbach Alpha internal coefficient value was .711.  As a result, it can be said that the Turkish version of the Physical Activity Enjoyment  Scale-Short Form is valid and reliable scale for the 9-14 years old children and youth to explain their enjoyment level in physical activity. ÖzetFiziksel etkinliğe katılmanın insanlar üzerinde birçok yararı bulunmakla birlikte, fiziksel etkinliğe katılımı arttırmak ve devamlılığını sağlamak için katılımcıların yaptıkları fiziksel etkinlikten zevk alıp, hoşlanmaları son derece önemlidir. Bu nedenle bu çalışmanın amacı Fiziksel Etkinlikten Hoşlanma Ölçeği-Kısa Formunun (FEHÖ-KF 9-14 yaşları arasındaki Türk çocukları için geçerli ve güvenilir olup olmadığını belirlemektir. Çalışmaya 2011-2012 öğretim yılı bahar döneminde Hatay, İstanbul il merkezlerinde ve Karadeniz Ereğli ilçesinde bulunan okullarda 4-8. sınıflarda okuyan 150 öğrenci (91 kız, 59 erkek katılmıştır. Fiziksel Etkinlikten Hoşlanma Ölçeği-Kısa Formunun Türkçe versiyonunun geçerlik çalışması için uzman kanısı, açıklayıcı faktör analizi ve doğrulayıcı faktör analizi (DFA, güvenirlik çalışması için ise Cronbach Alfa iç tutarlık katsayısı kullanılmıştır. Yapılan açıklayıcı faktör analizi sonucunda, maddelerin faktör yüklerinin .605 ile .735 arasında değiştiği, ölçeğin özdeğerinin 2.351 ve açıkladığı varyans oranının ise % 47.017 olduğu belirlenmiştir. Yapılan doğrulayıcı faktör analizi sonucuna göre ölçeğin uyum indeksleri RMSEA = .057, χ² / df = 1.476, TLI = .960, CFI = .980 ve SRMR = .039 olarak bulunmuştur. Bu sonuçlara göre ölçekte tek faktörlü yapı desteklenmiştir. Ölçeğin güvenirliğini belirlemek için yapılan Cronbach Alfa iç tutarlık katsayısı .711 olarak bulunmuştur. Elde edilen tüm sonuçlar doğrultusunda Fiziksel Etkinlikten Hoşlanma Ölçeği-Kısa Formunun Türkçe versiyonunun 9-14 yaşlar arası Türk çocuk ve gençler için fiziksel etkinlikten hoşlanma durumlarını ortaya koyan geçerli ve güvenilir bir araç olduğu söylenebilir.

  13. Turkish Classroom Teachers' Views on School Readiness: A Phenomenological Study

    Kotaman, Huseyin

    2014-01-01

    In a democratic education system, it is important to provide equal opportunity to every child. Both educators and researchers acknowledge a gap between students who attend school ready to learn and those who do not. School readiness prepares students for this learning. The purpose of the study was to ascertain Turkish classroom teachers'…

  14. The Relationship between Gender and Classroom Environment in Turkish Science Classrooms

    Welch, Anita G.; Cakir, Mustafa; Peterson, Claudette M.; Ray, Christopher M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of gender between actual and preferred classroom environment and use of technology in the science classroom of Turkish students. Employing stratified random sampling procedures, data were collected from 985 students from schools across twelve different districts in Istanbul, Turkey. The

  15. Second-Generation Turkish Youth in Europe: Explaining the Academic Disadvantage in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland

    Song, Steve

    2011-01-01

    This investigation examines the role of students' home and school variables in producing the achievement gap between second-generation Turkish students and their native peers in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Using the data from PISA 2006, this study supports past findings that both home and school resources affect the educational outcomes of

  16. Turkish Education Through Poetry Reading

    DEMİR, Mehmet; DUMAN, Bilal

    2014-01-01

    Poetic narrative demonstrates richness of a language more clearly, because poetry as a genre is more effective than other literary genres in terms of explaining emotions. The general purpose of this study is to apply this function of poetry in conveying emotions to the education of Turkish. In this context, at fırst, it deals with reading techniques in poetry and their relevancy in teaching Turkish. In connection with that, various learning strategies are explained. At this point, employing t...

  17. Do Attitudes toward School Influence the Underachievement of Turkish and Moroccan Minority Students in Flanders? The Attitude-Achievement Paradox Revisited

    D'hondt, Fanny; Van Praag, Lore; Stevens, Peter A. J.; Van Houtte, Mieke

    2015-01-01

    While many ethnic minority students underachieve compared with their ethnic majority peers, they often hold very positive school attitudes. Mickelson (1990) explained this attitude-achievement paradox by the existence of a double set of attitudes. Abstract attitudes reflect the dominant ideas about schooling, while concrete attitudes refer to a

  18. Effectiveness of Learning Strategies over Reading Comprehension, Writing Skills and Learners’ Attitudes towards Turkish Course

    Ş. Dilek BELET

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This study, which attempts to determine the effectiveness of learning strategies on reading comprehension, writing skills and learners’ attitudes towards theirTurkish course, was carried out by the controlled pre/posttest model of the experimental model. The study subjects were 5-A and 5-B groups attending Ahmet Olcay Primary School throughout 2004-2005 academic year in the fall semester. There were 22 students in the experimental group, 21 students in the control group, totally 43 students participated in this study. Data collection process was achieved through an academic achievement test, developed by the researcher, course materials, structured observation forms and the “Attitude Scale Regarding Turkish Course” developed by Acat (2000. According to the findings of the study: reading comprehension skills, writing skills and attitudes towards the Turkish course were developed via learning strategies.

  19. Discriminatory attitudes: a scale development in Turkish.

    Gomleksiz, Mufit; Poyrazli, Senel; Vural, Ruken Akar

    2008-12-01

    This study presented the development of a reliable and valid scale, the Discriminatory Attitudes Scale, for use in research related to discrimination in a Turkish context. First, related literature was searched and a pool of 69 items was generated to cover the basic forms of discrimination. Then, data were collected from 840 college students and subjected to exploratory factor analysis with varimax rotation, leaving 21 items. Next, a confirmatory factor analysis was performed, which confirmed a 4-factor structure. These factors were named Discrimination Against Homosexuals, Discrimination Against Women, Discrimination Based on Race or Ethnicity and Religion, and Discrimination Against Foreigners. Correlational analyses with ratings from the Left-Right Orientation Scale, Cronbach coefficient alpha, and expert opinion provided evidence on validity and internal consistency and reliability of the Discriminatory Attitudes Scale. PMID:19320229

  20. Peak growth velocity of height, body mass and subcutaneous fat in 10 to 14-year-old boys and girls

    Alexandre Carriconde Marques

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O pico de velocidade em crescimento, mais especificamente em estatura, é o indicador de maturação somática mais comumente utilizado em estudos longitudinais em adolescentes, Os objetivos deste estudo foram: a descrever o momento e a magnitude dos picos de velocidade em estatura (PVE, em massa corporal (PVMC e no somatório de dobras cutâneas tricipital e subescapular (PVDC em um grupo de meninos e meninas, acompanhados dos 10 aos 14 anos de idade, b comparar estas variáveis entre os sexos, e c relacionar o momento dos picos de velocidade das três variáveis. Os sujeitos do estudo foram 70 escolares (35 meninos e 35 meninas, acompanhados dos 10 aos 14 anos de idade. Os resultados demonstraram que o pico de velocidade, nas três variáveis, ocorreu, em média, dos 12 para os 13 anos nos meninos e dois anos antes nas meninas, e a magnitude média dos picos de velocidade apresentou diferenças entre os sexos apenas no PVDC, sendo favorável às meninas. O período em que ocorreram o PVE, o PVMC, e o PVDC não apresentou correlação signifi cativa. Contudo, as análises individuais demonstraram que na maioria dos indivíduos o PVE e o PVDC aconteceram no mesmo período ou com o PVDC ocorrendo um ano após o PVE. Frente a estes resultados, conclui-se que em termos médios, o PVE, o PVMC ocorrem cerca de dois anos antes nas meninas, havendo diferença entre os sexos na magnitude apenas da gordura subcutânea. Além disto, conclui-se que existe grande variabilidade individual no período em que os picos de velocidade em EST, MC e DC ocorrem durante a adolescência, mas a maioria dos indivíduos apresenta os PVE e PVDC em períodos muito próximos. ABSTRACT Peak growth velocity, especially of height (PHV, is the most used indicator of somatic maturity in longitudinal studies of adolescents. The objectives of this study were: a to describe the time and magnitude of the peak height velocity (PHV, the peak weight velocity (PWV, and the peak subcutaneous fat velocity (PSFV of a group of boys and girls followed from 10 to 14 years of age, b to compare these variables between sexes, and c to relate the time and magnitude of the three peaks with each other. The study sample was made up of 70 schoolchildren (35 boys and 35 girls who were followed from age 10 to age 14. The results demonstrated that the peak growth velocity of the three variables occurred at 12 to 13 years old among the boys, and two years earlier among the girls. Only the magnitude of PSFV exhibited signifi cant difference, with the girls having higher values. The periods during which PHV, PWV, and PSFV occurred, did not present any significant correlations with each other. Nevertheless, the individual analyses indicated that, in a large proportion of the subjects, peak velocities occurred at the same time, or PSFV occurred one year later than PHV. Based on these results, we conclude that PHV, PWV, and PSFV occur about two years earlier among girls, with a significant difference between the sexes in terms of the magnitude of peak velocity only existing for PSFV. Moreover, we conclude that there is great individual variability at the period that PHV, PWV and PSFV occur during adolescence, but that the greater part of the sample exhibited PHV and PSFV very close together.

  1. Field assessment of balance in 10 to 14 year old children, reproducibility and validity of the Nintendo Wii board

    Larsen, Lisbeth Runge; Jørgensen, Martin Grønbech; Junge, Tina; Juul-Kristensen, Birgit; Wedderkopp, Niels

    2014-01-01

    was applied with a two-hour break between sessions. RESULTS: Bland-Altman plots supplemented by Minimum Detectable Change (MDC) and concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) demonstrated satisfactory reproducibility for the NWB and the AMTI (MDC: 26.3-28.2%, CCC: 0.76-0.86) using Centre Of Pressure...... path Length as measurement parameter. Bland-Altman plots demonstrated satisfactory concurrent validity between the NWB and the AMTI, supplemented by satisfactory CCC in all tests (CCC: 0.74-0.87). The ranges of the limits of agreement in the validity study were comparable to the limits of agreement of...

  2. Perinatal characteristics among early (10–14 years old and late (15–19 years old pregnant adolescents

    Alves João

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pregnancy in adolescents is a worldwide health problem and has been mostly common in poor populations. It is not clear if socioeconomic or biological factors are the main determinants of perinatal adverse outcomes in pregnant adolescents. Adolescents under 15 years old may present a high growth rate which may contribute to impair fetal growth. Our aim is to compare perinatal characteristics among early (aged 10 to 14 years and late (aged 15 to 19 years pregnant adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed using data from Pernambuco State 2009, obtained from DATASUS/SISNAC, a Brazilian Government, open-access public health database. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between early (aged 10–14 years and late (aged 15–19 years pregnant adolescents. Family income was compared between early and late pregnant adolescents using a sample of 412 subjects evaluated at Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP during 2011. Statistical comparisons were made using the chi-square test was used with a significant level of 0.05; bivariate and multivariate analysis were performed. This project was approved by the Institutional Ethics Review Board. Results Data from 31,209 pregnant adolescents were analyzed. 29,733 (95.2% were aged 15 to 19 years and 1,476 (4.7% were aged 10 to 14 years. There were significant differences with respect to marital status, education level and number of prenatal visits of mothers aged 10 to 14 years compared to 15 to 19 years. Of importance, early adolescents had a greater rate of neonates born premature and with low birth weight. Prematurity and low birth weight remained statistically significant after multivariate analysis. Conclusions Early aged adolescents may have an increased risk of prematurity and low birth weight. These findings highlight the potential role of biological factors in newborn outcomes in pregnant adolescents.

  3. Variations in pregnancy outcomes by race among 10-14-year-old mothers in the United States.

    Leland, N L; Petersen, D J; Braddock, M; Alexander, G R

    1995-01-01

    This study used the 1983-86 U.S. Linked Live Birth-Infant Death Files to examine variations in pregnancy outcomes among 38,551 U.S. resident black and white adolescents ages 10 through 14. The birth rate was 4.29 per 1,000 for blacks, more than 7 times the rate for whites (.59 per 1,000). Black mothers had higher proportions of very low and low birth weight infants than did whites (very low birth weight: 3.7 versus 2.6; low birth weight: 15.0 versus 10.5). Neonatal and infant mortality rates ...

  4. Individual and familial factors associated with fruit and vegetable intake among 11- to 14-year-old Romanian school children.

    Lotrean, Lucia Maria; Tutui, Iulia

    2015-09-01

    The healthy nutrition guidelines proposed by international research institutes and the World Health Organization recommend a daily intake of fruit and vegetables of at least 400 g, representing five servings a day (each serving contains around 80 g). Moreover, the recommendations stress the importance of consuming both fruit and vegetables daily, preferably at least two portions of fruit and three portions of vegetables per day. To efficiently develop interventions for promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among children, it is essential to identify and understand the factors that influence these behaviours. The present study aims at identifying the individual and familial factors which influence fruit and vegetable consumption among Romanian children. A cross-sectional survey by means of anonymous questionnaires was conducted among 361 school children, aged 11-14, from Cluj-Napoca, Romania (April-May 2011). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to assess the correlates of fruit and vegetable intake. The results show that 44.6% of the children met the recommendations regarding fruit intake, while 9.1% of the children declared eating the daily recommended portions of vegetables. Knowledge regarding the recommended number of daily servings and higher self-efficacy concerning the intake of fruit and vegetables every day were positively associated with higher consumption of fruit and vegetables. Fruit preference also influenced positively the consumption of fruit. The familial factor associated with vegetable intake was the perceived behaviour of the mother, while fruit intake was higher among children who declared higher fruit availability at home. Hence, it is necessary to develop in Romania nutrition interventions addressing the determinants of fruit and vegetable intake as identified by this study; these interventions should target both children and parents. PMID:25323566

  5. The Effect of Stimulate Recall on 14-Year-Olds' L1 Swedish and EFL Writing and Revision.

    Lindgren, Eva

    2002-01-01

    Investigates the possible effects of stimulated recall when used as a tool for reflection on text progression in first language and English-as-a-Foreign-Language writing. Particular focus is on revisions induced by the stimulated recall session and whether they are affected by writing language or genre. (Author/VWL)

  6. An osteoporotic hip fracture in a 14-year-old girl undergoing chemotherapy and operated for knee osteosarcoma

    Zoccali, Carmine; Prencipe, Umberto; Ferraresi, Virginia; Salducca, Nicola

    2009-01-01

    Non-weight-bearing, pre- and postsurgical immobilization, neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy are known to act on bone turnover, causing osteoporosis over short and long time periods. Treatment of fracture insurgence is very difficult because it really depends on being able to choose the right time (i.e., when immunodeficiency is less important). We report a case of spontaneous neck femur fracture during adjuvant chemotherapy in a young girl treated with resection and prosthesis reconstruct...

  7. Reproductive hormone profile and pubertal development in 14-year-old boys prenatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls

    Grandjean, Philippe; Grønlund, Ciea; Kjær, Ina M; Jensen, Tina Kold; Sørensen, Nicolina; Andersson, Anna-Maria; Juul, Anders; Skakkebæk, Niels E; Budtz-Jørgensen, Esben; Weihe, Pal

    2012-01-01

    Because polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are thought to cause endocrine disruption, we examined 438 adolescent boys from a birth cohort in the Faroe Islands, where PCB exposures are elevated. We measured PCBs and p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) in cord blood and in serum from clinical...... examination at age 14. Higher prenatal PCB exposure was associated with lower serum concentrations of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone. In addition, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) was positively associated with both prenatal and concurrent PCB exposures. The PCB-SHBG association was robust...... to covariate adjustment. In a structural equation model, a doubling in prenatal PCB exposure was associated with a decrease in LH of 6% (p=0.03). Prenatal exposure to PCB and DDE showed weak, non-significant inverse associations with testicular size and Tanner stage. DDE was highly correlated with...

  8. Perinatal characteristics among early (10–14 years old) and late (15–19 years old) pregnant adolescents

    Alves João; Cisneiros Rosangela; Dutra Luciana; Pinto Renato

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Pregnancy in adolescents is a worldwide health problem and has been mostly common in poor populations. It is not clear if socioeconomic or biological factors are the main determinants of perinatal adverse outcomes in pregnant adolescents. Adolescents under 15 years old may present a high growth rate which may contribute to impair fetal growth. Our aim is to compare perinatal characteristics among early (aged 10 to 14 years) and late (aged 15 to 19 years) pregnant adolescen...

  9. Mode of delivery and risk of asthma in children 5-14 years old in Tabriz, Iran

    Roya Sahebi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: It has been suggested that a cesarean section increases risk of developing asthma due to lack of exposure to maternal microflora during birth. To investigate the association between the mode of delivery and the risk of asthma in children aged 5-14 years in Tabriz, Iran. Methods: A case-control study was performed on 233 (case = 81, control = 152 children aged 5-14 years referred to outpatient clinics of Tabriz Childrens Hospital and Sheikhorrais Clinic in 2014. Clinical asthma diagnosis was done according to Global Initiative for Asthma Criteria. A questionnaire was administered to obtain a demographic, environmental, and clinical history. Age-sex frequency matching with cases was carried out during sampling for controlling of possible cofounding effects of age and sex for asthma. Results: Of 233 children, 53.6% of them were male (case group = 54.3% and control group = 53.3%. Over half (54.5%, the participants had been delivered by caesarian section. Cases were not significantly more likely to have been delivered by caesarian section as compared to controls [adjusted odds ratio (AOR = 0.69; 95% confidence interval (CI = 0.34-1.42]. However, more frequent episodes of common cold [b = 0.094; standard error (SE (b = 0.031, P < 0.001], birth order (second born children compared to firstborns (AOR = 2.54; 95% CI = 1.18-5.46, high maternal education levels: 12 years (AOR = 3.76; 95% CI = 1.10-12.9, collegiate (AOR = 6.12; 95% CI = 1.43-26.20, and intra-family marriage (AOR = 2.89; 95% CI = 1.21-6.89 were associated with childhood asthma. Conclusion: Delivery mode was not associated with risk of developing childhood asthma in our study. Intra-family marriage increased the odds of childhood asthma. Further study on the relationship between maternal education and the odds of asthma is proposed.

  10. Extended high frequency hearing and history of acute otitis media in 14-year-old children in Finland.

    Laitila, P; Karma, P; Sipilä, M; Manninen, M; Rakho, T

    1997-01-01

    We studied the extended high frequency hearing of 573 white, urban, mean 13.8-year-old unselected children in Tampere, Finland. All their ear-related morbidity had been recorded since their birth and they had been examined at the ages of 7 months, 2 years, and some of them at 5 years. The extended high frequency audiometry was measured from 10 to 18 kHz, with 1 kHz steps, and the results were related to the number of attacks of acute otitis media (AOM) (0, 1-2, 3-7 and > or = 8) they had experienced. The mean pure tone hearing thresholds varied from 10.7 dB at 10 kHz to 37.0 dB at 18 kHz in the right ears and between 11.6 dB at 10 kHz and 37.4 dB at 18 kHz in the left ears. Among those with > or = 8 attacks of AOM the the thresholds were highest, the difference between them and each of the first 3 groups being statistically significant at 13 and 14 kHz. From 11 to 16 kHz the same difference was significant between the last (> or = 8 AOM) and at least 2 of the first 3 AOM groups. Numerous attacks of AOM may have a harmful effect on high frequency hearing in the long term. PMID:9288260

  11. Psychosocial and demographic predictors of fruit, juice and vegetable consumption among 11-14-year-old Boy Scouts

    Psychosocial and demographic correlates of fruit, juice, and vegetable (FJV) consumption were investigated to guide how to increase FJV intake. Experimental design consisted of hierarchical multiple regression analysis of FJV consumption on demographics and psychosocial variables. Subjects were boys...

  12. Mode of delivery and risk of asthma in children 5-14 years old in Tabriz, Iran

    Roya Sahebi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: It has been suggested that a cesarean section increases risk of developing asthma due to lack of exposure to maternal microflora during birth. To investigate the association between the mode of delivery and the risk of asthma in children aged 5-14 years in Tabriz, Iran. Methods: A case-control study was performed on 233 (case = 81, control = 152 children aged 5-14 years referred to outpatient clinics of Tabriz Children’s Hospital and Sheikhorrais Clinic in 2014. Clinical asthma diagnosis was done according to Global Initiative for Asthma Criteria. A questionnaire was administered to obtain a demographic, environmental, and clinical history. Age-sex frequency matching with cases was carried out during sampling for controlling of possible cofounding effects of age and sex for asthma. Results: Of 233 children, 53.6% of them were male (case group = 54.3% and control group = 53.3%. Over half (54.5%, the participants had been delivered by caesarian section. Cases were not significantly more likely to have been delivered by caesarian section as compared to controls [adjusted odds ratio (AOR = 0.69; 95% confidence interval (CI = 0.34-1.42]. However, more frequent episodes of common cold [b = 0.094; standard error (SE (b = 0.031, P < 0.001], birth order (second born children compared to firstborns (AOR = 2.54; 95% CI = 1.18-5.46, high maternal education levels: 12 years (AOR = 3.76; 95% CI = 1.10-12.9, collegiate (AOR = 6.12; 95% CI = 1.43-26.20, and intra-family marriage (AOR = 2.89; 95% CI = 1.21-6.89 were associated with childhood asthma. Conclusion: Delivery mode was not associated with risk of developing childhood asthma in our study. Intra-family marriage increased the odds of childhood asthma. Further study on the relationship between maternal education and the odds of asthma is proposed.

  13. PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF THE OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE INVENTORY-REVISED IN A TURKISH ANALOGUE SAMPLE.

    Yorulmaz, Orcun; Inozu, Mujgan; Clark, David A; Radomsky, Adam S

    2015-12-01

    The Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R) assesses distress associated with the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). This study reports on the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the OCI-R as a widely known measure. The sample consisted of 319 Turkish university students (67.1% women; M age = 21.5, SD = 2.0). The questionnaire battery included measures of OCD symptoms, specific cognitions, thought control, and personality characteristics. A target rotation analysis supported the factorial validity of the Turkish OCI-R as indicated by its replicability with the original factor structure (i.e., checking, washing, obsessing, hoarding, ordering, and mental neutralizing). High-scoring OCD symptom groups also significantly differed on the Turkish OCI-R and thus presented preliminary evidence for its criterion validity. Correlational analysis supported convergent and divergent validity of the measure, with significant correlations between the Turkish OCI-R and OCD symptoms, OCD-specific beliefs, two thought control strategies (e.g., worry and punishment), and neuroticism, but not with psychoticism or extraversion. The current findings provide initial evidence of sound psychometric properties for the Turkish OCI-R in a nonclinical sample. PMID:26595297

  14. The Turkish Minority in Bulgaria

    Marina Liakova

    2012-01-01

    The Turks constitute the largest ethnic minority in Bulgaria. The Turkish minority is well represented in politics and public administration, but it only marginally takes part in social and economic life in Bulgaria. In the public perception of the ethnic Bulgarians negative attitudes towards “the Turks” and Islam prevail, which can be traced back to the Ottoman era.

  15. USE OF THE STORIES FORMED WITH DRAMA IN TURKISH EDUCATION

    Ömer Tuğrul KARA

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available New Turkish Program has been based upon activities that will provide participation of students to the educational process. Story formation with drama which is one of the most suitable activities to actualize requirements of the Turkish education is to animate improvised or proverbial stories using drama techniques. What has been meant with the expression of story formation in drama studies is to accommodate story genre into animation of other genres including texts based upon events rather than dramatization of the genre’s itself. Through the animation of the story, the student will have the opportunity of examining, analyzing and solving the problems related to real life. While concepts such as hero, target, obstacle /event have been the primary elements of story formation, concepts such as speech line and metaxis are the secondary elements. There can be provided the acquisition of four basic language abilities to be actualized, association of linguistic concepts with daily life and exposure of a hidden ability into the light through the stories formed with drama in Turkish lessons. This study has been carried out using the scanning model and relevant researches within the bounds of the subject have been benefited.

  16. Sociological analysis of contemporary Turkish political elites

    Ali Arslan

    2007-01-01

    This study was designed to find general characteristics of Contemporary Turkish political Elites since 1995 up to date. Social background characteristics were employed to realise the purposes. Documentary and historical research techniques were used during the study. As a result of examining the Contemporary Turkish political elites (since 1995 up to 2005) these major findings were discovered: the large majority of the Turkish parliamentary elites were well educated, male, middle aged, marrie...

  17. Tagging and Morphological Disambiguation of Turkish Text

    Oflazer, Kemal; Kuruoz, Ilker

    1994-01-01

    Automatic text tagging is an important component in higher level analysis of text corpora, and its output can be used in many natural language processing applications. In languages like Turkish or Finnish, with agglutinative morphology, morphological disambiguation is a very crucial process in tagging, as the structures of many lexical forms are morphologically ambiguous. This paper describes a POS tagger for Turkish text based on a full-scale two-level specification of Turkish morphology tha...

  18. Exotic crustaceans of the Turkish coast

    A. Suat Ates; Tuncer Katagan; Murat Sezgin, et al.

    2013-01-01

    A total of 50 exotic species (19 Brachyura, 19 Natantia, 2 Stomatopoda ,6 Amphipoda, 1 Cumacea, 2 Isopoda, and 1 Cirripedia) of crustaceans are reported from the Turkish coast. Exotic crustaceans of the Turkish Seas comprises of approximately 48% of the fauna constituted by invasive species, introduced from the Levantine basin of the Mediterranean. About 34% of invasive crustaceans found on the Turkish coast are Indo-west Pacific origin. Decapods constitute majority of the species with a domi...

  19. Language Policies in the Turkish Republic

    Suzan Yavuz

    2013-01-01

    This project investigates the Turkish Language Policies from the period of the foundation of the Turkish Republic up until the legislation of the Kurdish language and how these language policies has affected the way in which Kurdish minorities perceive their identities as Turkish citizens. There is given special attention to theories on nation and language in order to understand how language policies affect the nation and its people. The conducted e-mail interviews, a visit to Diyarbakir wher...

  20. Turkish Adaptation of Motor Activity Log-28

    Engin Çakar; Ümit Dinçer; Mehmet Zeki Kıralp; Hilmi Kılaç; Nejat Tongur; Edward Taub

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of the work reported here was to provide a practical model for translation and cultural adaptation of a rehabilitation test instrument, while carrying out the Turkish adaptation of Motor Activity Log-28 (MAL-28). We translated the MAL-28 into Turkish in a manner that would allow the work carried out with Turkish speaking patients to be compared directly with the published studies using this instrument, which have mainly had English speaking subjects.Materials and Method...

  1. Turkish-German Dialogues on Screen

    2009-01-01

    This special guest-edited issue of New Cinemas: Journal of Contemporary Film explores the dialogues between Turkish and Turkish-German filmmakers and the various cross-cultural exchanges that inform their work on the level of creation, production, distribution and reception, as well as dialogues between film scholars from different national and cultural backgrounds - Turkish, German, British and American - all of whom have extensively published on the cinemas under consideration in this volum...

  2. Competitive Environment Hypothesis in Turkish Banking System

    Alper Aslan; Kemal Koksal; Oguz Ocal

    2011-01-01

    TThis paper investigates the persistence of profit in Turkish banking system for the period of 2004:1 – 2009:4 by focusing net income after tax to total equity (ROE) as profit measures by utilizing panel unit root tests. We found that competition among surviving banks is high in the Turkish Banking System for the period 2004:1 – 2009:4 which means that competitive environment hypothesis is valid in Turkish banking system.

  3. COMPETITIVE CONDITIONS IN THE TURKISH BANKING SYSTEMS

    Taner SEKMEN; Omer AKKUS; Siklar, Ilyas

    2015-01-01

     In this paper, we investigate competition in the Turkish banking sector over the period 2003– 2012. To understand the competitive conditions in the Turkish banking sector, we use the well-known Panzar-Rosse model based on a nonstructural estimation of the H-statistic by employing the quarterly panel data set. The empirical evidence indicates that the Turkish banking sector operates under conditions of monopolistic competition. Therefore, although there have been growing structural changes in...

  4. ADAPTING ONLINE SELF-REGULATED LEARNING SCALE INTO TURKISH

    Ozgen KORKMAZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine online self-regulated learning levels of students by adapting “Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale” designed by Barnard and his colleagues into Turkish. Present study, irrespective of being a scale analysis, is at the same time a qualitative research. It is executed via scan model. Study group of research consists of collectively 222 students. Firstly the original scale has been translated by two educational technologists who are efficient in both Turkish and English languages. The validity of scale’s original factor structure within Turkish culture has been tested via confirmatory factor analysis. In order to measure the reliability of scale, internal consistency analyses have been conducted on data. In order to detect self-regulated learning levels of students; frequency, percentage, arithmetical means, standard deviation and t tests have been employed. In differentiation analyses p<0,05 significance level has been considered sufficient. As a result it can reasonably be argued that “Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale” is a valid and reliable scale that can be employed in detecting online self-regulated learning levels of university students in Turkey. Additionally below given results have been obtained regarding students’ online self-regulated learning levels: Students’ online self-regulated learning skills are generally higher and their highest level of skills is “structuring the environment”, whereas the lowest skill is “goal setting”. Online self-regulated learning levels of students from Social Sciences Teaching Department are meaningfully lower than the students’ online self-regulated learning levels from other departments.

  5. Bulgarian Turkish emigration and return.

    Vasileva, D

    1992-01-01

    The main factors which determined the 1989 migration of Turks in Bulgaria back to Turkey are discussed. Background history is provided. After World War I, Turks in bulgaria comprised 10% of the total population. Bulgarian policy had been, up to the 1980s to send Rumelian Turks back, but the policy after 1980 was one of a national revival process to integrate Turks into the developed socialist society. Muslim traditions, customs, and Turkish language were interfered with. International disfavor resulted. In May 1989, the Communist Party declared, in an effort to show democratic ideals, open borders. Thus began the new emigration wave. 369,839 people fled to the Turkish border. 43% of the 9.47 ethnic Turks in bulgaria went to Turkey within 4 months. The numbers decreased in November, and soon after the communist regime ended. New laws were adopted allowing Turks to assume their original Turkish names. The huge migration was clearly political, and as such, the emigrant Turks should be determined as refugees and asylum seekers. The provocation of ethnic Turks was used by the communist regime to solve potential social conflicts. Not only did Turks flee to escape from violence or for religious, cultural, and moral reasons but also due to free market initiatives begun in Turkey in the early 1980s which improved Turkish quality of life. Food and consumer goods were cheaper and economic advantages were perceived. Emigrants were primarily peasants with lower levels of education, professional qualifications, and labor skills. 154,937 (42%) returned to bulgaria and 58% stayed in Turkey to comprise 25% of the former Turkish population. During this period, tensions between countries was high.l Bulgarians actively encouraged emigration and Turkey welcomed it. The emigrants to Turkey were seen as foreigners (muhacir or gocmen) but were received with good will and were readily accepted into menial positions. Emigrants were confronted with political, linguistic, and cultural differences. The unifying factor was the Islamic religion. For those returning to Bulgaria, the change in regime meant the government worked to solve the emigrants' housing problems and teaching Turkish in primary and secondary schools. The result of this massive migration has been a change in the demographics and social structure of Bulgaria, and the realization that forceful migration is inefficient in solving problems. PMID:12285857

  6. Adaptation of Chemistry Perception Questionnaire into Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study with Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis

    Cemal Tosun

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to adapt “Chemistry Perception Questionnaire (CPQ”, developed by Wells (2003, into Turkish and investigate validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the scale. The original version of the scale was composed of 35 items gathered under seven factors (aptitude, chemophobia, discipline, ethnicity, gender, instruction and value. First, permission from the developers of the scale was sought. Then, the items of the scale were translated into Turkish by researcher. The translation validity of the scale was examined by referring to the views of English and Turkish language experts. Once the final form of the scale had been derived, an English language expert translated the items of the scale from Turkish to English. The results obtained from this translation indicated that the Turkish version scale closely approximated to the original scale. Turkish version of the scale was administered to total of 435 university students from Education, Science and Engineering Faculties of Bartin, Kirikkale, Kilis 7 Aralik and Mustafa Kemal Universities. The item-total correlations were calculated and items which had negative or low correlation with the total scale score were excluded from the scale. The construct validity of the scale was examined by exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Varimax rotation technique was used due to the separation into irrelevant factors. Finally the scale was constructed from 20 items gathered under five factors (gender, value, chemophobia, discipline, aptitude. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha for the whole scale was calculated as .745.

  7. Evaluation of learning and teaching process in Turkish courses

    Eyyup COŞKUN

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available A radical educational reform occurred in Turkey in 2005; and curriculum of primary education courses was renewed. New curriculum was prepared based on constructivist approach. In this scope, curriculum of Turkish course was also renewed. This study aimsat evaluating applications and opinions of teachers and students about learning and teaching process prescribed in Turkish Course (1st-5th Grades Curriculum. Within the scope of the study, semi-structured interview was made with 10 teachers and 12 students.In addition, process teaching a text was evaluated via structured observation method in 5 different classes. According to the results of the study, primary school teachers find some stages in learning – teaching process prescribed in the curriculum unnecessary andtherefore do not apply them. Teachers mentioned that some texts are above the student level; and they sometimes experience time and material problems. It was seen in the present study that teachers do not have enough information about learning and teachingprocess in the new curriculum; they do not have high success levels in the applications; and they usually do not apply the forms for evaluating the process in the curriculum. It was found out that, in spite of these problems, courses are student-centred as prescribed inthe curriculum; and students have positive opinions about stages of learning and teaching process.

  8. Dry cleaning of Turkish coal

    Cicek, T. [Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir (Turkey). Faculty of Engineering

    2008-07-01

    This study dealt with the upgrading of two different type of Turkish coal by a dry cleaning method using a modified air table. The industrial size air table used in this study is a device for removing stones from agricultural products. This study investigates the technical and economical feasibility of the dry cleaning method which has never been applied before on coals in Turkey. The application of a dry cleaning method on Turkish coals designated for power generation without generating environmental pollution and ensuring a stable coal quality are the main objectives of this study. The size fractions of 5-8, 3-5, and 1-3 mm of the investigated coals were used in the upgrading experiments. Satisfactory results were achieved with coal from the Soma region, whereas the upgrading results of Hsamlar coal were objectionable for the coarser size fractions. However, acceptable results were obtained for the size fraction 1-3 mm of Hsamlar coal.

  9. SOCIAL SECURITY OF TURKISH ATHLETES

    Barış ÖZTUNA

    2015-01-01

    Law No. 5510 realized within the social security reform aims providing a structure which presents equal scope and quality of social security service other all citizens. According to Labor Law No 4857, unionization of sportsmen in Turkish legal environment is possible, sport clubs and sportsmen are continuing to live without so many rights and obligations but they didn’t. Aim of this study; to prove sportsmen of location of the labo...

  10. Genetic relationships among Turkish sheep

    Kaya Mehmet; Saatci Mustafa; Primitivo Fermín; Arranz Juan-José; Gutiérrez-Gil Beatriz; Uzun Metehan; Bayón Yolanda

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Genetic relationships among Turkish sheep breeds were analysed on the basis of 30 microsatellite markers. Phylogenetic analyses based on the estimation of genetic distances revealed the closest relationships for the Akkaraman, Morkaraman and Tuj breeds, which were clearly differentiated from the others in the dendrogram. Our pattern was completely confirmed by results from the Factorial Correspondence Analysis. All the results described analysing either population parameters or indiv...

  11. Spectrographic Characteristics of Turkish /h/

    Esra Ertan

    2013-01-01

    /h/ is described differently by different researchers. While some argue that /h/ is a glottal fricative, others argue that it is the voiceless counterpart of the following vowel, yet others argue that /h/ is a glide or an approximant. However, de- tailed acoustic studies focusing on /h/ are very limited. This study aims to describe the spectrographic characteristics of /h/ in Turkish. Test words consisted of 48 monosyllabic and disyllabic words containing /h/ which was ...

  12. Anogenital Distance in Turkish Newborns

    ÖZKAN, Behzat; Konak, Belkıs; Çayır, Atilla; Konak, Murat

    2011-01-01

    Objective: Anogenital distances are considered to be a sensitive indicator of external genitalia exposure to factors such as anti-androgens, and/or endocrine distruptors during the prenatal period. Exposure to such factors can lead to changes in the anogenital measurements (AGM) of newborn infants. These measurements can be used to predict masculinization of the external genitalia in healthy newborns. The goal of this study was to determine normal values for AGM in Turkish newborns of both ge...

  13. Modelling Turkish Migration to Germany

    Akkoyunlu, Sule; Siliverstovs, Boriss

    2006-01-01

    This study develops a time series model of Turkish migration to Germany for the period 1963-2004 using the cointegration technique. A single cointegrating relation between the migration flow variable and the relative income ratio between Germany and Turkey, the unemployment rates in Germany and Turkey, and the trade variable, that captures intensity of bilateral economic cooperation, is found. By including the trade variable in the empirical migration function we investigate whether trade and...

  14. Great Seljuks in Turkish historiography

    Başan, Osman Aziz

    2003-01-01

    The aim of this thesis is to present for the first time in English the corpus of Turkish scholarly writing on the Great Seljuks and to assess the internal consistency of the individual conclusions. In the West, the Great Seljuks are studied in the context of medieval Persian or Arabic history in particular and Islamic history in general [Lambton, 1987; Morgan, 1994a; Frye, 1993; Kennedy, 1994; Hodgson, 1974; Lewis, 1993]. In Turkey, the perspective that has emerged is quite different. Accordi...

  15. Effectiveness of the Turkish Version of “First Step to Success Program” in Preventing Antisocial Behaviors

    Diken, İbrahim Halil; University, Faculty of Education, Department of Special Education; Cavkaytar, Atilla; Anadolu University, Faculty of Education, Department of Special Education; Batu, E. Sema; Anadolu University, Research Institute for Individuals with Disabilities; Bozkurt, Funda; Anadolu University, Faculty of Education, Department of Special Education; Kurtılmaz, Yıldız; Anadolu University, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Science, Division of Guidance and Psychological Counseling

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Turkish version of the First Step to Success (TFSS) early intervention program on problem behaviors, social skills, and academic competence of at-risk students for antisocial behaviors in Turkey. Participants consisted of a total number of 102 students (53 students in experimental and 49 students in control group) and experimental group students’ teachers and mothers. Experimental group students were subjected to implementation...

  16. The Learning of Adolescent Students about the Disabled Person Using Board Game

    Ftima Karine Apolonio Vasconcelos; Lorita Marlena Freitag Pagliuca; Aline Tomaz de Carvalho; Mariana Gonalves de Oliveira; Paulo Csar Almeida

    2015-01-01

    This study aims at verifying the learning of adolescent students about the disabled person using educational technology in the board game mode and using a semi-experimental non-randomized study of pre and post with unintentional probability sample. Validated and standardized instruments were used. Data were processed by SPSS 20.0 and organized in tables. For comparison of proportions, the McNemar test was used. Females predominated (56%), aged between 13 and 14 years old (63.3%) from private ...

  17. Exploration of Problematic Internet Use and Social Interaction Anxiety among Turkish Pre-Service Teachers

    Cuhadar, Cem

    2012-01-01

    The current study investigated the relationship between problematic Internet use and social interaction anxiety among pre-service teachers. Participants were 1235 students attending teacher training programs at a Turkish state university. The "Problematic Internet Use Scale" and "Social Interaction Anxiety Scale" were used to collect the data.…

  18. The Mediator Effect of Loneliness between Perceived Social Competence and Cyber Bullying in Turkish Adolescents

    Sariçam, Hakan; Yaman, Erkan; Çelik, Ismail

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to examine whether loneliness might play a mediating role between perceived social competence and cyberbullying in Turkish adolescents. The participants were 326 high school students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Cyberbullying Scale, the Perceived Social Competence Scale, and the UCLA…

  19. Attitudes toward Physical Education and Class Preferences of Turkish Adolescents in Terms of School Gender Composition

    Koca, Canan; Asci, F. Hulya; Demirhan, Giyasettin

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine attitudes toward physical education (PE and PE class preferences of high school Turkish students in terms of school gender composition; 213 girls and 249 boys from coeducational public schools, and 196 girls and 210 boys from single-sex vocational schools participated in the study. The Attitudes Toward…

  20. Implementability of Instructional Supervision as a Contemporary Educational Supervision Model in Turkish Education System

    Hasan Basri Memduhoğlu; Mevsim Zengin

    2012-01-01

    In this study, implementability of instructional supervision as one of contemporary educational supervision models in Turkish Education System was evaluated. Instructional supervision which aims to develop instructional processes and increase the quality of student learning based on observation of classroom activities requires collaboration among supervisors and teachers. In this literature review, significant problems have been detected due to structural organization, structural and control-...

  1. Investigating the Relationship among Internet Addiction, Positive and Negative Affects, and Life Satisfaction in Turkish Adolescents

    Telef, Bülent Baki

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates the relationships between Internet addiction and the areas of life satisfaction and positive or negative affects in Turkish adolescents. The research sample comprised 358 students studying in the sixth, seventh and eighth grades at four different middle schools in Canakkale city centre during the 2012-2013 academic year, of…

  2. Determinants of Condom Use Intentions and Behavior among Turkish Youth: A Theoretically Based Investigation

    Ozakinci, Gozde; Weinman, John A.

    2006-01-01

    The assumptions of two social cognition models, the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991) and the Health Belief Model (Rosenstock, 1974) are examined in 2 samples of Turkish university students: sexually active and sexually inactive. For sexually inactive participants, perceived benefits of condom use and self-efficacy beliefs regarding condom

  3. The Mediator Effect of Loneliness between Perceived Social Competence and Cyber Bullying in Turkish Adolescents

    Sariam, Hakan; Yaman, Erkan; elik, Ismail

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to examine whether loneliness might play a mediating role between perceived social competence and cyberbullying in Turkish adolescents. The participants were 326 high school students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Cyberbullying Scale, the Perceived Social Competence Scale, and the UCLA

  4. The Effect of Reading Strategies on Reading Comprehension in Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language

    Bolukbas, Fatma

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine which reading strategies students use while learning Turkish as a foreign language and investigate the effects of these strategies on reading comprehension skill. Conducted in compliance with "pretest-posttest control group model" as the experimental design, this research involved totally 36

  5. Psychometric Qualities of the UCLA Loneliness Scale-Version 3 as Applied in a Turkish Culture

    Durak, Mithat; Senol-Durak, Emre

    2010-01-01

    The University of California, Los Angeles, Loneliness Scale-Version 3 (UCLA LS3) is the most frequently used loneliness assessment tool. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the UCLA LS3 by utilizing two separate and independent samples: Turkish university students (n = 481) and elderly (n = 284). The results demonstrate that…

  6. The Effect of Reading Strategies on Reading Comprehension in Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language

    Bolukbas, Fatma

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine which reading strategies students use while learning Turkish as a foreign language and investigate the effects of these strategies on reading comprehension skill. Conducted in compliance with "pretest-posttest control group model" as the experimental design, this research involved totally 36…

  7. Turkish Adaptation of the Mentorship Effectiveness Scale: A Validity and Reliability Study

    Yirci, Ramazan; Karakose, Turgut; Uygun, Harun; Ozdemir, Tuncay Yavuz

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to adapt the Mentoring Relationship Effectiveness Scale to Turkish, and to conduct validity and reliability tests regarding the scale. The study group consisted of 156 university science students receiving graduate education. Construct validity and factor structure of the scale was analyzed first through exploratory…

  8. Evaluation of Eleventh Grade Turkish Pupils' Comprehension of General Chemistry Concepts

    Belge Can, Hatice; Boz, Yezdan

    2011-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to evaluate eleventh grade Turkish pupils' comprehension of various general chemistry concepts which in turn enables to investigate chemistry concepts which are easier and harder for students to comprehend. Examining the effect of gender and last semester chemistry course grades on pupils' comprehension of general

  9. Policy, Practice, and Reality: Exploring a Nation-Wide Technology Implementation in Turkish Schools

    Akcaoglu, Mete; Gumus, Sedat; Bellibas, Mehmet Sukru; Boyer, D. Matthew

    2015-01-01

    Technology has already become an indispensable part of our lives, and nations around the world see schools as the main agents to prepare their youth for a technology-filled future, and invest important amounts of funding to provide hardware to schools, students and teachers. The Turkish Ministry of National Education is in the midst of the FATIH…

  10. Mental health of Turkish women in Germany

    Bromand, Z; Temur-Erman, S; Yesil, R; Heredia Montesinos, A; Aichberger, M C; Kleiber, D; Schouler-Ocak, M; Heinz, A; Kastrup, M C; Rapp, M A

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the protective and risk factors of mental distress among Turkish women living in Germany.......The purpose of the present study was to examine the protective and risk factors of mental distress among Turkish women living in Germany....

  11. Creative Thought in Teaching Turkish Language

    Aytan, Talat; Guney, Nail; Gun, Mesut

    2011-01-01

    Primary Turkish lesson curriculum aims to educate individuals who can use Turkish and the abilities of speaking, writing, listening and reading efficiently; who can express feelings, ideas and dreams; who are sensitive to national values and who has the consciousness of language and the top level conscious abilities such as classification,…

  12. Geographic Education in Turkish High Schools

    Tas, Halil I.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a review of geographic curricula, teaching methods, materials and assessments in Turkish high schools. Geopolitics and political instability have contributed to large fluctuations in emphasis on geography in Turkish education and have also affected the content of the geography curriculum.

  13. Implementability of Instructional Supervision as a Contemporary Educational Supervision Model in Turkish Education System

    Hasan Basri Memduhoğlu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, implementability of instructional supervision as one of contemporary educational supervision models in Turkish Education System was evaluated. Instructional supervision which aims to develop instructional processes and increase the quality of student learning based on observation of classroom activities requires collaboration among supervisors and teachers. In this literature review, significant problems have been detected due to structural organization, structural and control-oriented supervision rather than guidance and counseling, conflicting supervisor roles, workload and inadequate time for supervision, standard assessment forms, professional incompetencies and negative attitudes of supervisors within the context of supervision subsystem of Turkish education system.

  14. Predicting eating disturbances in Turkish adult females: Examining the role of intimate partner violence and perfectionism.

    Muyan, Mine; Chang, Edward C; Jilani, Zunaira; Yu, Tina

    2015-12-01

    We examined the relationships between intimate partner violence (IPV), perfectionism, and eating disturbances, namely, excessive dieting and bulimia, in a sample of 149 Turkish female college students. Results of conducting hierarchical regression analyses indicated that IPV accounted for significant variance in both excessive dieting and bulimic symptoms. The inclusion of perfectionism was found to predict additional variance in eating disturbances, beyond IPV. Specifically, we found parental expectations to be a significant predictor of dieting, and personal standards, doubts about actions, and parental criticism to be significant predictors of bulimia. Some implications for understanding eating disturbances in Turkish women are discussed. PMID:26276707

  15. THE SELF SUFFICIENCY PERCEPTION OF THE TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES ON USING CREATIVE DRAMA METHOD

    Bircan EYÜP

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The self sufficiency perception of the Turkish teacher candidates on using creative drama method is desired to be determined in this study. Survey method was used in the study. The research group is consisted of 112 fourth grade students of Turkish Teaching Department at Fatih Education Faculty of Black Sea Technical University in 2011-2012 education terms. “The self-sufficiency scale on using creative drama method” which was built up by Can ve Cantürk-Günhan (2009 was used as data collecting device in this study. The scale consist of 47 questions and the type is 5 point likert scale. Cronbach alfa reliability coefficient of the scale is calculated 0, 96. As a result has been determined that Turkish teacher candidates have self sufficiency “I reasonably agree” level on using creative drama method.

  16. The Turkish Version of the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised

    Pelin D. Catak

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The mindfulness approach to psychotherapy has become a topic of continuously growing scientific interest. In accordance with such interest, various self-report assessment tools have been developed to measure the mindfulness construct. The majority of the studies conducted to investigate the properties of these assessment instruments included Western populations. Thus, the measurement of mindfulness in non-Western cultures still requires further research. Based on this premise, the psychometric properties of the 10 item Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R were investigated in two different studies using two non-clinical Turkish samples. In Study 1, the psychometric properties of the 10 item CAMS-R were examined in an undergraduate student sample (N = 265. Study 2 extended the examination of the psychometric properties of the CAMS-R to an adult community sample consisting of white-collar public employees (N = 88. The results of both studies showed that the Turkish CAMS-R possessed acceptable levels of internal consistency and the scale displayed convergent as well as concurrent validity. Statistically meaningful relationships were found between mindfulness as measures by Turkish CAMS-R and depression, anxiety, well-being as well as perceived stress. The findings from both studies suggest CAMS-R retains its psychometric properties when utilized in a non-Western culture and the Turkish version of CAMS-R is a valid instrument which can be used to measure mindfulness in the Turkish population.

  17. The Adaptation of The Industrial Chemistry Classroom Learning Environment Scale into Turkish

    Cemal TOSUN

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to adapt Industrial Chemistry Classroom Learning Environment Inventory instrument into Turkish. Firstly permission from the developers of the instrument was sought. Thereafter, the items of the instrument were translated into Turkish. The translation validity of the scale was examined by referring to the views of English and Turkish language experts. Once the final form of the scale had been derived, an English language expert translated the items of the scale from Turkish to English. The results obtained from this translation indicated that the Turkish scale closely approximated the original English scale. Thus the translation and language validity of the instrument had been insured. Regarding the content validity of the scale, chemistry teachers were asked to examine the scale. Besides the scale was administered to the 416 high school students and several reliability analyses have been conducted such as Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient (.78, Sperman Brown coefficient of correlation (.68 and Guttman split- half reliability coefficient (.64. According to these findings, Industrial Chemistry Classroom Learning Environment Inventory is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used in the concerned courses.

  18. ORTHOGRAPHIC INTERFERENCE and THE TEACHING OF BRITISH PRONUNCIATION TO TURKISH LEARNERS

    Prof. Dr.Sinan Bayraktaroğlu

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available This article is the report of an investigation of pronunciation difficulties of Turkish speakers/learners of English which are due to differences in the sound-letter representations in the orthographies of the two languages, namely called “ortographic interference”. These difficulties are different in nature than those arising from differences in the sound sysytems of Turkish and English.1While Turkish orthography is to a large extent phonemic, i.e. employing a one-to-one letter-sound correspondence (with few exceptions such as k - kâr- ɡ - yegane- gavur, etc., English orthography, on the other hand, represents 46 sounds of the spoken language with 102 single or group of letters in the written language.Such actual difficulties arising from the differences in the orthographic sound-letter represenatations of Turkish and English are classified, evaluated, and their sources are explained through a detailed phonetic analysis as applied to research methods of “contarstive analysis” and “error analysis”, which are effective approaches in the field of Applied Linguistics and Foreign Language Learning.For different categories of difficulties, corrective exercises are recommended for the teaching and learning of English pronunciation to Turkish students.

  19. Impact of a Healthy Nails Program on Nail-Biting in Turkish Schoolchildren: A Controlled Pretest-Posttest Study

    Ergun, Ayse; Toprak, Rumeysa; Sisman, Fatma Nevin

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to examine the effect of a healthy nails program on nail-biting in Turkish schoolchildren. This quasi-experimental study was of pretest-posttest control group design. A total of 50 students of a primary school formed the intervention group, while 53 students from the same school formed the control group. Data were…

  20. A Study on Developing "An Attitude Scale for Project and Performance Tasks for Turkish Language Leaching Course"

    Demir, Tazegul

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to demonstrate the students' attitudes towards project and performance tasks in Turkish Lessons and to develop a reliable and valid measurement tool. A total of 461 junior high school students participated in this study. In this study, firstly the preparation of items, specialist be consulted (content

  1. Investigation of Pre-Service Turkish Language Teachers’ Levels of Perception of Values Presented in Resource Works of Turkish

    Gülce Özkaya, Perihan; Coşkun, Mustafa Volkan

    2016-01-01

    The first Turkish manuscript where the name of Turk is mentioned is Orkhon Inscriptions and the first great work of Islam Turkish literature is Kutadgu Bilig. These works serve as a resource of Turkish language and are of great importance for Turkish culture and civilization. These works can be defined as the corner stones of our literature and history as they reflect Turkish culture, history and the linguistic and societal characteristics of the period when they were written. The purpose of ...

  2. Aircraft emissions at Turkish airports

    This paper deals with estimating aircraft landing and take-off (LTO) emissions (HC, CO, NOx, SO2) at 40 Turkish airports including the biggest airports, i.e. Ataturk International Airport (AIA) in Istanbul, Antalya Airport in Antalya and Esenboga Airport in Ankara in 2001. The calculation model is based on flight data recorded by the State Airports Authority. The flight data include the type and number of aircraft, number of passengers, amount of cargo etc., which depend on day-time and date. For the emission calculations the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)-Engine emission data bank, which includes minimum and maximum values for both fuel flow rates and emissions factors, is used. By using first the minimum and then the maximum values from the data bank, two estimations of aircraft LTO emissions at Turkish airports are calculated: i.e. minimum and maximum estimations. Total LTO emissions from aircraft at Turkish airports are estimated to be between 7614.34 and 8338.79 t/year. These results are comparable with those from USA airports. Approximately half of these amounts are produced at AIA. To predict future emissions, it is estimated that an increase of 25% in LTO cycles might cause a rise of between 31 and 33% in emissions. The estimations show that a decrease of 2 min in taxiing time results in a decrease of 6% in LTO emissions. The estimation model used in this study can be used for expansions and planning of airports from an environmental point of view. (author)

  3. ECONOMIC ETHIC IN TURKISH PROVERBS

    Abdullah ÖZBOLAT

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Economic ethic means sum of motifs and suggestions for the practical value and the preferred size in the regulating the daily lives of people. In this study that examines whether the attitude of economic ethic in proverbs, it has been argued in this study that proverbs have been inculcate an economic ethic to the Turkish society and proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism have not been consist of understanding of “a cardigan, a bite” (bir lokma, bir hırka. Economic ethic that express an attitude against the world in the conceptual basis, on hand, is ascetism and fasting against leave from the path of God of goods of world on the other hand, is seeking of balance between for acquisition of property and maintaining a modest life as indispensable means. Individual in the economic ethic is in an effort to reconcile these two different poles relating to goods in the world. While forming the boundaries of this study proverbs that used in Turkey Turkish in the context of economic ethic, economic ethic in proverbs refers to properties such as halal earnings, frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence. It is possible to specify culture that inculcates accumulation and savings, it has been influence past experience such as hunger, famine and a religion that order to work in the forming of codes of historical and social meaning. Additionally it has been influence of seeking of balance of Sufi culture in the attitude against world and ethic in the proverbs. As a result, it refers to properties such as halal earnings frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence, proverbs in Turkey Turkish and it has not been with one-dimension of proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism.

  4. Chernobyl radioactivity in Turkish tea

    Radioactivity measurement of Turkish tea of 1986 crops is reported. The total cesium activity ranged from about 5500 Bq kg-1 up to 43600 Bq kg-1. Some other fission products from Chernobyl could be detected in the tea samples, e.g., 95Zr, 95Nb, 103Ru, 106Ru, 110mAg and 125Sb. In addition, some activity values found in tea from USSR are given. The transfer rate of cesium from tea leaves to tea water was found to be about 74%. (author) 6 refs.; 1 fig.; 2 tabs

  5. ECONOMIC ETHIC IN TURKISH PROVERBS

    Abdullah ÖZBOLAT

    2012-01-01

    Economic ethic means sum of motifs and suggestions for the practical value and the preferred size in the regulating the daily lives of people. In this study that examines whether the attitude of economic ethic in proverbs, it has been argued in this study that proverbs have been inculcate an economic ethic to the Turkish society and proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism have not been consist of understanding of “a cardigan, a bite” (bir lokma, bir hırka). Economic ethic...

  6. HISTORICAL VIEW OF CARDINAL VOWELS IN TURKISH

    Fatih ÖZEK

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Turkish is a rich language in terms of presence of vowels. There are eight vowels that originated from the relationship between palatalité, aperture and labialité in terms of their characteristics in general Turkish. These are /a/, /e/, /ı/, /i/, /o, /ö/, /u/ and /ü/. In general, /a/, /i/ and /u/ are considered as cardinal vowels in Turkish. According to this viewpoint, Turkish has a triple vowel system consisting of /a/, /i/ and /u/ in the periods when Turkish could not be pursued in writing. /e/, /ı/, /o, /ö/ and /ü/ vowels have also originated from these three cardinal vowels. Thus, our study is limited to a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels. Periodical restriction of the study is Historical Turkish Dialects Köktürk, Uighur, Karakhanid, Khorezmian, Kipchak, Chagatai and Old Oghuz Turkic languagesIn this study we are aiming to determine the following;1. Sources of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels in the historical Turkish dialects,2. Presence of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels in the first syllables and other than first syllables,3. Sound events taking place in the /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels and their reasons,4. relations of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels among themselves and with the consonants,5. whether or not /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels and sound events taking place in these vowels are determinative within a historical dialect.

  7. The view from Turkey: perceptions of Greeks and Greek-Turkish rapproachment by the Turkish public

    Çarkoğlu, Ali; Carkoglu, Ali

    2004-01-01

    This contribution examines popular support among the Turkish electorate for recent Turkish foreign policy decisions concerning Greece. Data from a nationwide representative survey collected in November 2001 are used to analyze the perceptions and policy preferences concerning recent Greek-Turkish relations. Despite deep-rooted cynicism and distrust toward Greeks and Greek foreign policy, a sizeable constituency supports cooperative policy options on all so-called "sensitive issues" in bilater...

  8. The adaptation study of oral communication strategy inventory into Turkish

    Saziye Yaman

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Individuals use a variety of strategies in the course of speaking which can be identified via measurement tools. In the literature, strategy inventories are regarded as the most commonly used measurement tools. However, most of the strategy inventories lack the reliability and validity studies. Furthermore, most of them represent strategies that the learner could use throughout the language learning process and they are not directly relevant to the skill of speaking. Moreover, in the literature, most of the studies carried out on speaking strategies are based on the inventories developed for learners learning English as a second language. With respect to other measurement tools, Oral Communication Strategy Inventory (OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 for Japanese learning English as a foreign language had a clear factor structure and it seemed less problematic. Thus, the purpose of this study was to adapt OCSI into Turkish. Our concern in the adaptation study of OCSI is to investigate whether oral communication strategies classified in OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 would also measure Turkish EFL students’ speaking strategy use. Within the scope of adaptation study, the inventory was translated to Turkish and evaluated with the method of back translation. The equivalence between English form and Turkish form, construct validity and internal consistency were examined. The research was conducted with 808 students studying English as a foreign language at ELT departments of three different universities and Anatolian High schools. Based on the findings concerning the reliability and validity studies, it can be concluded that the classification of the original form of OCSI differs from the adapted version to some extent in that the Turkish form is made up of seven factors in contrast to the original inventory consisting of eight factors. Non verbal strategies which existed in Nakatani’s original inventory did not appear in the adaptation form. Instead, the items that consist of nonverbal strategies gave loadings to negotiation for meaning strategies, which implies that the purpose of the interlocutors while using one strategy may be culture specific.

  9. Sports Education inTurkish Higher Education within European Qualifications Framework

    ÇALIK, Fehmi; SERTBAŞ, Kürşad; GERİ, Serdar

    2014-01-01

    Sports sciences and sports education are applied in various scientific disciplines of Turkish higher education. Sport Sciences are applied in many universities in Europe to sports education students in higher education and to students in other departments for to meet social needs. In this regard, restructuring sports education is a new requirement in Turkey in terms of European sports education cooperation and developments. The aim of this study is to examine European Higher Education Qualiti...

  10. ECONOMIC COOPERATION IN TURKISH CULTURE: PUBLIC GOODS GAMES AND LONELY ELEPHANTS

    Benjamin Beranek; Alper Duman

    2010-01-01

    While the public good experiment has been used to analyze cooperation among various groups in Western Europe and North America, it has not been extensively used in other contexts such as Turkey. This project seeks to rectify that and explore how Turkish university students informally self govern. By employing the public good experiment among a cohort of students attending universities in Ýzmir, Turkey and Adýyaman, Turkey, we hope to quantitatively analyze the factors which lead to altruistic...

  11. THE ATTITUDES OF TURKISH CHILDREN WHO LIVE IN BELGIUM TOWARDS TURKISH IN TERMS OF DEMOGRAPHICAL FEATURES

    lker ?EN

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to find out the attitudes of Turkish children who live inBelgium towards Turkish in terms of demographical features. Research design ofthis study is scanning model. The participants are 198 Turkish children who tookTurkish and Turkish Culture course in 2010-2011 education year in Anvers, Gent,Genk and Brussel regions of Belgium, were chosen randomly and aged between 11-15.In order to reach data for the study, Attitude Scale of Turkish Children WhoLive Abroad Towards Their Mother Tongues and Personal Information Form,which were developed by the researchers, were used. SPSS 19.0 package programwas used for analyses. In the study the findings from the analyses were interpretedas significant with 0.05 significance level.After the research, it has been seen that the attitudes of Turkish Children wholive in Belgium towards their mother tongue are high (among the points of none, alittle, middle, high and full. Moreover, the attitudes of the Turkish children inBelgium who participated in the study towards Turkish have been revealed not tochange significantly in terms of gender, age, mothers educational status, fatherseducational status, fathers job, the frequency of going to Turkey and the length ofresidence.

  12. ASSORTED TURKISH MANUSCRIPTS IN THE BRITISH LIBRARY

    Ayhan TERG?P

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this work is to introduce the 6 grammar, 4 Bible, 2 Koran, 3 History Of Muhammed and 3 Kurdish History books of Ottoman Turkish which are located from the first catologue of The Turkish Manuscripts in The British Library, dated 1888, thus to call attention to other manuscripts there. Nowadays there are thousands of Turkish Manuscripts in different parts of the world. Around 2000 out of these Manuscripts are located at the British Library. These works which exists as our cultural heritage awaiting the linguists and researchers to take care of them.

  13. Internationalization of Turkish SMEs: An Empirical Study

    Ahu Tugba Karabulut

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available More than 99% of enterprises in Turkey are SMEs (Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises. Turkish SMEs try toexpand into foreign markets. They want to increase their competitive advantages both in domestic and foreignmarkets. The purpose of this paper is to determine internationalization process and international processes ofTurkish SMEs. The study was conducted on 267 SMEs in Istanbul in Turkey. Frequency distibution analysesand Chi-square analyses were applied to the data. It is found out that Turkish SMEs internationalize gradually asit was explained in Uppsala Theory. Most of them focus on exporting.

  14. Turkish Foreign Policy during Adnan Menderes Period

    Dagci, Gül Tuba; Diyarbakirlioglu, Kaan

    2013-01-01

    Adnan Menderes is a unique personality who has an important role within Turkish political life.DemocraticParty founded in 1946 by Menderes and his three friends has taken the power from People's Republican Party in 22 May 1950. Hence they have ended the single party period and opened the multi-party period in political life. This study examines the Turkish foreign policy of Menderes period between 1950-1960 as a whole. And it concludes that the most important motives of the Turkish foreign po...

  15. Turkish version of the Academic Motivation Scale.

    Can, Grhan

    2015-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to adapt the college version of the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) into Turkish. The participants were 797 college students (437 men, 360 women) with a mean age of 20.1 yr. A seven-factor model of the scale, as well as alternative models (five-, three-, two-, and one-factor models) were investigated and compared through confirmatory factor analysis. The seven-factor model demonstrated adequate fit to the data. The fit indices obtained from the five-factor model were acceptable also. Hancock's coefficient H values and test-retest correlation coefficients of the subscales indicated that reliability of the scale was adequate except for the identified regulation subscale. The CFA conducted for the groups of men and women produced more acceptable fit indices values for men than women, but women obtained significantly higher scores from the AMS subscales. Correlations among the seven subscales partially supported the simplex pattern which claims that the neighboring subscales should have stronger positive correlations than the non-neighboring subscales and that the subscales which are the farthest apart should have the strongest negative relationships. PMID:25826436

  16. SOCIAL SECURITY OF TURKISH ATHLETES

    Barış ÖZTUNA

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Law No. 5510 realized within the social security reform aims providing a structure which presents equal scope and quality of social security service other all citizens. According to Labor Law No 4857, unionization of sportsmen in Turkish legal environment is possible, sport clubs and sportsmen are continuing to live without so many rights and obligations but they didn’t. Aim of this study; to prove sportsmen of location of the labour law and to mark off. The purpose of the study is explained according to Law No. 4857 and Law No. 5510 Turkish athletes. Profesional athletes deemed to be insurance holders for the purposes of implementing short and long term insurance branches of No 5510 Law. But amateur athletes don't seem to be insurance holders for the purposes of implementing short and long term insurance branches of No 5510 Law. According to the law 5774 regarding to be called as an g overnment athlete, within the adults category of the sports that are accepted as olympic, paralympic and deaflympic; pension is paid to the amateur athletes who became first, second or third at Olymic games, World or European Champions as an individual or team sports and to the national team coaches and assistant coaches of the athletes’ who became Olympic or World Champion as a team.

  17. Services quality in a Turkish pension Company

    Nguyen, Thi Ngoc Dung; Nguyen, Thi Thanh Thuy; Aygen, Ferzan Kanat

    2008-01-01

    A study on a Turkish Pension Company to find out customers' perception about services quality regarding to five dimensions in Rater model (reliablitity, assurance, tangibility, sympathy and responsiveness); from result of this study, the company can improve its services quality.

  18. Information Retrieval Effectiveness of Turkish Search Engines

    Bitirim, Y?ltan; Tonta, Ya?ar; Sever, Hayri

    2002-01-01

    This is an investigation of information retrieval performance of Turkish search engines with respect to precision, normalized recall, coverage and novelty ratios. We defined seventeen query topics for Arabul, Arama, Netbul and Superonline. These queries were carefully selected to assess the capability of a search engine for handling broad or narrow topic subjects, exclusion of particular information, identifying and indexing Turkish characters, retrieval of hub/authoritative pages, stemming o...

  19. Friendship preferences among German and Turkish preadolescents

    Jugert, Philipp; Noack, Peter; Rutland, Adam

    2011-01-01

    This study examined changes in and predictors of preference for same-ethnic friendships amongst German (n = 106) and Turkish (n = 45) preadolescents during their first year in an ethnically heterogeneous school. Drawing on Allport’s (1954) contact hypothesis and related research it examined the relationship between children’s attitudes and their preference for same-ethnic friendship. Amongst both German and Turkish children the latter decreased over time and its variability was predicted by i...

  20. Illness causal beliefs in Turkish immigrants

    Klimidis Steven; Minas Harry; Tuncer Can

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background People hold a wide variety of beliefs concerning the causes of illness. Such beliefs vary across cultures and, among immigrants, may be influenced by many factors, including level of acculturation, gender, level of education, and experience of illness and treatment. This study examines illness causal beliefs in Turkish-immigrants in Australia. Methods Causal beliefs about somatic and mental illness were examined in a sample of 444 members of the Turkish population of Melbo...