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Prevalence of Obesity among 11-14 Years Old Students in Sivas-Turkey  

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Full Text Available This study was performed to find out the prevalence of obesity among 11-14 years old children in Sivas province. BMI values higher than 95 percentile were accepted as being obese and those in between 85-94 percentile are accepted as overweight. Of the 2701 students; 3.1% were found obese, while 7.5% were overweight, and 7.6 were underweight according to their BMI values. Underweight children among the age of 14 yrs old children was significantly higher than the others. Obesity among boys were significantly higher than in girls. Prevalence of obesity was found higher in the children of high-income families and among children who gobbling. Underweight subjects were significantly higher among children who don`t dine regularly and those who eat once a day. In conclusion; prevalence of obesity among children in Sivas is not high yet, and undernutrition seems to be a more serious problem than obesity.

Gulay Kocoglu

2003-01-01

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Development of a Sex Education Programme for 12-Year-Old to 14-Year-Old Turkish Adolescents  

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Previous research has documented a need for the development of a sex education programme in Turkish schools in terms of adolescence readiness and the presence of misconceptions regarding critical aspects of sexual issues. Currently no school-based sex education is available for Turkish adolescents. This paper presents the development of a…

Cok, Figen; Gray, Lizbeth Ann

2007-01-01

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Appreciation and implementation of the Krachtvoer healthy diet promotion programme for 12- to 14- year-old students of prevocational schools  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Krachtvoer is a school-based healthy diet programme, developed in 2001 and revised in 2007 to meet the needs of particular segments of the target population as well as a wider target group. The main aims of the present process evaluation of the revised programme were to examine student and teacher appreciation of the programme, completeness of and adherence to its implementation, and relations between appreciation and completeness of implementation. Methods Data were collected among 22 teachers and 1117 students of 13 schools, using student evaluation forms, teacher logbooks, telephone interviews, and classroom observations. Results Results indicate favourable levels of teacher and student appreciation for the programme in general and the revised elements. Girls, first-year students and students with more favourable dietary intakes particularly appreciated individual programme elements. Levels of completeness of implementation were high, but several teachers did not adhere to the intended implementation period. Some moderately strong relations were found between teacher appreciation and completeness of implementation scores. Conclusion We conclude that the revisions have resulted in a programme that was appreciated well, also by the extended target group, and was implemented with a high degree of completeness. Teacher appreciation proved potentially important for completeness of implementation. We identified several aspects requiring improvement, indicating the importance of continued programme updates and repeated evaluation.

Bessems Kathelijne MHH

2011-12-01

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Body adiposity and daily TV viewing in 11 to 14-year-old students at two schools in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil  

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Full Text Available The objective of this study was to analyze body adiposity, daily TV viewing and prevalence of obesity, and to identify associations between TV viewing and relative body fat in boys and girls aged 11 to 14 years attending two municipal schools in Campo Grande - Mato Grosso, Brazil. One school is located in the central region of the city and the other on the periphery. The sample, 109 boys and 116 girls, a total of 225 students, was made up of students from the municipal schools “Danda Nunes” and “Nazira Anache”. The following variables were recorded: weight (mc, height (est, triceps (tr, subscapular (se skinfolds and hours per day watching TV. It was concluded that relative body fat fi gures for the sample studied were not statistically different (p>0.05 for sex between the students of the central and peripheral schools. A prevalence of 25.86% of obesity was detected among the girls and 11.93% among the boys, confi rming published literature on the tendency of a larger accumulation of body fat among girls, mainly during and after the puberty. In this study it was not possible, with the sample used, to demonstrate an association between hours spent watching TV and relative body fat. It was observed that 60% of the girls and boys watch more than 3 hours of television a day, demonstrating the extended period that the children and adolescents remain physically inactive in front of the television. RESUMO Os objetivos deste estudo foram analisar a adiposidade corpórea e o tempo diário de assistência à TV; detectar a prevalência de obesidade; e associações entre tempo de assistência à TV e gordura corporal relativa em meninos e meninas, de 11 a 14 anos de idade, matriculados em duas escolas municipais de Campo Grande – MS, sendo uma localizada na região central da cidade e a outra na periferia. A amostra foi constituída pelos 225 alunos (109 do gênero masculino e 116 do gênero feminino das 5as e 6as séries das escolas Municipais Danda Nunes (central e Nazira Anache (periferia que estavam matriculados e presentes no dia da coleta dos dados. Foram mensuradas as variáveis: massa corporal (MC, estatura (EST , dobras cutâneas tricipital (TR e subescapular (SE, além da aplicação de um questionário com informações sobre o tempo de assistência à TV. Os resultados permitiram concluir que os valores da gordura corporal relativa, não diferiram estatisticamente (p>0,05 entre os escolares da escola central e da periferia em nenhum dos gênero. Foi detectada uma prevalência de 25,86% de obesidade no gênero feminino e 11,93% no masculino, confi rmando a tendência apresentada na literatura de um aumento crescente da obesidade em crianças e adolescentes e um maior acúmulo de gordura corporal no gênero feminino, principalmente durante e após a puberdade. Na presente pesquisa não se encontrou associações signifi cativas entre as variáveis horas de assistência a TV e gordura corporal relativa em nenhuma das escolas e em nenhum dos gêneros. Observou-se que 60 % dos escolares avaliados assistem mais de 3 horas de televisão por dia, demonstrando o longo período de tempo que as crianças e adolescentes têm permanecido em inatividade física, em frente ao aparelho de televisão.

Adair da Silva Lopes

2002-12-01

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COMPLETE DIPHALLUS IN A 14 YEARS OLD BOY  

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Full Text Available We herein present an unusual case of 14-year old boy with complete diphallus and bifid scrotum. He was not aware of his extragenital abnormality until he was examined by a surgeon before circumsion. At operation, the hypoplastic penis was resected and a single scrotum was constructed by removing the band of skin separating the compartments. The rugose skin was then joined, giving scrotal continuity.

Abdulkadir Tepeler

2007-01-01

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Gastric carcinoid tumor in a 14-year old girl.  

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Gastric carcinoid tumors (GCT) are rare lesions that constitute 2.6-8.7% of all gastrointestinal carcinoids, mostly affect middle-aged females but the incidence in children is unknown. We present a 14-year-old girl, with GCT. She was treated with recombinant human growth hormone (GH) for complete GH deficiency, and endoscopy was performed to identify iron-deficiency anemia. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a gastric polyp, and biopsies were compatible with GCT. PMID:25180819

Kirsaclioglu, Ceyda Tuna; Kuloglu, Zarife; Kansu, Aydan; Ensari, Arzu; Siklar, Zeynep; Berbero?lu, Merih; Ocal, Gönül

2014-11-01

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A 14-year-old girl with multiple tumors.  

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Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) is a rare astrocytic tumor that usually occurs in the superficial cerebral hemispheres of children and young adult and has a favorable prognosis. We report a case of a 14-year-old girl with a recent history of sciatica and ataxic gait. Pre- and post-contrast brain and spinal MRI revealed the presence of multiple solid lesions with a cystic component in the cerebellum and the spinal cord with a concomitant massive leptomeningeal involvement Histological and immunohistochemical findings were concordant with a final diagnosis of WHO grade II PXA. Even the biological indolent PXAs' behavior, this is the third report in the literature of such an unusual multicentric PXA with leptomeningeal dissemination. PMID:23050873

Gardiman, Marina Paola; Fassan, Matteo; Orvieto, Enrico; Iaria, Loredana; Calderone, Milena; Mardari, Rodica; DAavella, Domenico; Perilongo, Giorgio

2012-11-01

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[Subungual exostosis in a 14 years old boy].  

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Subungual exostosis is a benign bony outgrowth surrounded by a fibrocartilaginous capsule that mainly affects hallux terminal phalanx with subungual or periungular localization, and that clinically determines variable degree of nail plate or periungular soft tissues alterations, respectively, It is uncommon in childhood and more frequent in females. Clinical suspicion is confirmed by the radiographic finding of a distinct trabecular bone growth arising from the dorsal aspect of the phalanx of the affected finger, on the lateral incidence. Curettage or surgical excision is the treatment of choice. We report a case of subungual exostosis located at the hallux in a 14-year-old boy suffering from subungual exostosis of the hallux that presented the characteristic triad of this entity: subungular tumor with nail plate deformity, digital pain and radiologic typical findings. PMID:19753444

Larralde, Margarita; Boggio, Paula; Abad, María Eugenia; Pagotto, Betina; Castillo, Andrea

2009-08-01

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CONTEMPORARY ISSUES OF TURKISH ACCORDING TO TURKISH STUDENT TEACHERS  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this research, is assessment of student teachers’ the views on contemporary issues in Turkish. In this study, interviewing method within the framework of qualitative research was used. Research was carried out working group consisting of 72 Turkish student teachers in Faculty of Education Erciyes University. The working group was created having a specified goal and cluster sampling method. Descriptive statistical method was used the data analysis about Personal information of student teachers. The data obtained from the interviewing forms were analyzed through content analysis. The results of this study, According to Turkish student teachers the most important problems as the first three mentioned: “sloppy and incorrect use of Turkish language, (39 %”, “the use of foreign words/foreign language passion or affectation (29 %” and “teacher factor, the problems of teacher training programs, Turkish learning and teaching insufficiency (14%”.

Ali GÖÇER

2013-01-01

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Prevalence of Allergic Rhinitis in 13-14 Year Old School Children in Hamedan  

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Full Text Available Objective: Allergic Rhinitis (AR is an inflammatory disorder of the nasal mucosa characterized by nasal congestion, rhinorrhea and itching and often accompanied by sneezing and conjunctival irritation. Two prerequisites for the expression of AR are sensitivity to an allergen and its presence in the environment. Recognition of allergens and removal and avoidance of them can decrease the prevalence of AR. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of AR in Hamedan, Iran, and recognition of effective factors involved in expression of AR.Methods: The study was undertaken between October 2005 and June 2006 among 13- to 14-year-old children in middle-schools of Hamedan. Data were collected using the standardized ISAAC written questionnaire for prevalence of AR and another questionnaire for effective factors on AR including gender, season of expression of AR, smoking parents, keeping pets and birds, apartment plants, breast milking and family size. In the second phase the students with AR were examined for signs of AR.Findings: A total of 1600 (900 girls and 700 boys children participated in the study. 17.7% of the children had symptoms of allergic rhinitis sometime in their life. There was no significant difference between prevalence of AR between boys and girls (18.6% in the boys and 17% in the girls (P>0.05. 37.2% of the cases were perennial and 62.8% of them were seasonal or mixed type. AR was more prevalent in spring (21%. The prevalence of the disease between students with smoking parents and non smoking parents were 30.6% and 11.2% respectively (P0.05. The most common signs of AR were allergic shiners (54% and clear and dilute nasal secretion (51%.Conclusion: Compared with previous studies conducted in other Iranian cities using similar method, the prevalence of allergic rhinitis was lower in Hamedan. The prevalence of AR may be reduced with avoidance of smoking and removal of pets.

Mohsen Jari

11

Hydroxyapatite deposition disease presenting as calcific periarthritis in a 14-year-old girl  

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We report a case of hydroxyapatite deposition disease presenting as acute periarthritis in a 14-year-old girl with typical radiological features and clinical course. We also review the clinical and laboratory features to increase awareness of this entity. (orig.)

12

Cimetidine-induced psychosis in a 14-year-old girl.  

OpenAIRE

A 14-year-old girl presented with hallucinations and bizarre behaviour 3 days following the institution of cimetidine therapy for acute gastritis. She had no history of drug abuse or psychiatric disorders, and physical examination and laboratory investigations yielded no abnormalities. Within 24 hours after cimetidine therapy was discontinued her behaviour returned to normal and the hallucinations stopped.

Papp, K. A.; Curtis, R. M.

1984-01-01

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The role of social pedagogy and civic engagement in helping troubled 14-year-olds.  

OpenAIRE

This paper focuses on the role that can be played by social pedagogy and civic engagement as a means of supporting troubled 14-year-old pupils to sustain their engagement in school work over the crucial two year period leading up to their GCSEs.

Kyriacou, Chris

2012-01-01

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Cervical ankylosis following Grisel's syndrome in a 14-year-old boy with infectious mononucleosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation (Grisel's syndrome) is an uncommon complication of neck space infection or otolaryngologic procedures. It most frequently affects children, although it may occur in adults. We present a 14-year-old boy with Grisel's syndrome as a complication of infectious mononucleosis proceeding to cervical ankylosis. (orig.)

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RESPIRATORY PARAMETERS EFFICIENCY IN SPORTS RESULTS AMONG 14-YEAR OLD MALE AND FEMALE SWIMMERS  

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Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to test fitness levels of chosen parameters in the respiratory system in comparison to sports results in a group of 100m medley 14-year old male and female swimmers. The main measurement method was based on immediate observation of the following variables: a The fitness level of particular parameters in the respiratory system, b The level of swimming fitness. Based on the detailed analysis of the chosen respiratory parameter levels among 14-year old male and female swimmers in relation to their sports result in 100m medley distance, the following general statements have been formulated: the average levels of the chosen respiratory parameters estimated, in most of the cases, above average, especially among female swimmers.

Dybinska Ewa

2012-02-01

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Prevalence Of Psychiatric Morbidity Among 6 To 14 Years Old Children  

OpenAIRE

Research questions: What is the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among 6 to 14 years old children? Objectives: 1. To study the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children of 6-14 years of age in rural and urban areas. 2. To study the pattern of psychiatric disorders and associated socio-demographic variables. Study design: Cross-sectional. Setting and Participants: 400 children each from urban and rural field practice areas under the department of Social and Preventive Medicine, PGIMS,...

Anita; Gaur D. R; Vohra A. K; Subash S; Khurana Hitesh

2003-01-01

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Monogenic Diabetes Secondary to Congenital Lipodystrophy in a 14?year?old Yemeni Girl  

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A 14?year?old female from Yemen presented with intense abdominal pain and headache. She was born at term to distant cousins, developmentally delayed and significantly dysmorphic. Four years ago, she was diagnosed with diabetes mellitus and undiagnosed hepatic, cardiac, genetic, neurologic, endocrine, musculoskeletal, and gastrointestinal disorders. No therapy was prescribed. Admission laboratory data showed blood glucose = 391 mg/dl, hemoglobin A1c= 12.2%, C?peptide = 3.5ng/ml, insulin ...

Roth, Todd; Nair, Sri; Kumar, An?l

2010-01-01

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Comprehensive cephalometric analyses of 10 to 14-year old southern Chinese  

OpenAIRE

Aims: (Part 1) To review the orthodontic literature and assess which cephalometric methods were the most frequently used, and (Part 2) provide comprehensive cephalometric reference values for 10 to 14-year old southern Chinese. Materials and Methods: (Part 1) The cephalometric methods used in the orthodontic literature over a ten-year period (1999-2008) were investigated. (Part 2) The material comprised lateral cephalometric radiographs of a random sample of 200 males and 205 females 12-y...

Wu, Jyc; Hagg, U.; Wong, Rwk; Mcgrath, C.

2010-01-01

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Influence of anthropometric characteristics on speed abilities of 14 years old elite male basketball players  

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Full Text Available The aims of this study were: a to identify anthropometric characteristics and speed abilities of 14 year old elitemale basketball players b to investigate relations between these two qualities.At the sample of total of 50 young basketball players, 14 years old, 11 anthropometric (predictors variableswere measured: four longitudinal measures, two transversal measures, body mass, four circumferences, sixskinfolds and 2 derived variables: body mass index (BMI, and sum of skinfolds (SUM SKF. Also, they didthree speed tests (dependent variables: run 20m, run 30m, and run 50m. For the assessment of influence ofpredictor variables on dependent variables regressive analysis, Stepwise method, was applied. Results of threeregression analysis talk about a moderate, but significant influence of anthropometric variables on results of 20m(first step - variable lower limb length, 30m (first step - variable sitting height and second step – variable sum ofskinfolds and 50m (first step - variable sum of skinfolds sprint tests of 14 years old basketball players

SAŠA JAKOVLJEVI?

2011-06-01

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Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students  

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This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

2011-01-01

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Sudden death of a 14-year-old girl with lymphangiomatosis.  

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A 14-year-old girl presented with progressively worsening intermittent orthopnea. Imaging studies showed cardiomegaly, extensive pericardial effusion, and a mediastinal tumor. By pericardial drainage, approximately 8,000-mL fluid was collected over 10 days. Left thoracoscopic pericardial fenestration and mediastinal tumor biopsy were performed, revealing lymphangiomatosis. Chylous pleural effusion developed post-surgery. Although control was attempted, her condition worsened. Eight months later, she died of sudden cardiopulmonary arrest. Autopsy revealed systemic spread of the primary lesion from the hyperplastic lymph ducts to the parietal pleura and mediastinum confirming systemic lymphangiomatosis. PMID:25047633

Nakagawa, Tomoki; Koizumi, Takahisa; Oiwa, Kana; Inomoto, Chie; Ogura, Go; Masuda, Ryota; Yamashita, Tomohiro; Nakamura, Naoya; Iwazaki, Masayuki

2014-07-23

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Invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Breast cancer is rare in children and adolescents. In particular, there are very few cases of invasive ductal carcinoma in childhood. We report a case of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl presenting as a palpable mass. While the tumor demonstrated a relatively benign appearance on ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging revealed typical malignant features. Several polymorphisms of single nucleotide variation were observed on gene analysis. The patient underwent breast conserving surgery and received subsequent concurrent chemo-radiation therapy. An awareness that ductal carcinoma of the breast rarely occurs in children is important to detect early stage breast cancer. (orig.)

23

Unilateral Schamberg disease in a 14-year-old Japanese boy.  

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We report a 14-year-old Japanese boy who has had asymptomatic, multiple, reddish-brown macules and petechiae distributed segmentally only in the right lower extremity for the last 6 months. Histological examination showed a perivascular lymphohistiocytic infiltrate in the papillary dermis, extravasation of red blood cells, and hemosiderin deposition. Treatment with tranilast and topical corticosteroid was dramatically effective. Although the histological findings were compatible with those of Schamberg disease, this case was unusual because the patient was very young and only one extremity was affected. PMID:10405478

Nagata, K; Danno, K; Tanaka, S

1999-06-01

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Invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl  

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Breast cancer is rare in children and adolescents. In particular, there are very few cases of invasive ductal carcinoma in childhood. We report a case of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl presenting as a palpable mass. While the tumor demonstrated a relatively benign appearance on ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging revealed typical malignant features. Several polymorphisms of single nucleotide variation were observed on gene analysis. The patient underwent breast conserving surgery and received subsequent concurrent chemo-radiation therapy. An awareness that ductal carcinoma of the breast rarely occurs in children is important to detect early stage breast cancer. (orig.)

Kim, Joo Yeon; Kim, Yun Ju; Kim, Sung Hun; Kang, Bong Joo [Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Song, Byung Joo [The Catholic University of Korea, Department of General Surgery, Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2014-11-15

25

Clinical and morphological features of ovarian pure dysgerminoma: a report of a 14 years old girl  

OpenAIRE

Dysgerminoma is best known as the ovarian counterpart of seminoma of the testis Relatively uncommon tumors, dysgerminomas account for less than 2% of all ovarian cancer. We report a case of a 14 years old girl with a large and rapidly growing unilaleral ovarian dysgerminoma. Examination of the surgical specimen showed a tumor of 27x17x8 cm in size and 4800 gr. in weight. It was oval in shape with a slightly glistening fibrous capsule, soft but solid and hemorrhagic. The mass arose from the ri...

Pop-Trajkovi? Zoran; Veljkovi? Milena; Radovi? Miodrag; Kati? Vuka V.; Petrovi? Aleksandar S.; Lili? Vekoslav

2002-01-01

26

A 14-Year Old Girl with Reversible Hypoglycemic Episodes: The Role of ASVS.  

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Abstract We present the case of a 14 -year old female that experienced several episodes of reversible altered mental status triggered by hypoglycemia. Following endocrine investigation, she was diagnosed with insulinoma. Insulinoma, a rare, differentiated and functioning neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas overproduces insulin, thus leading to hypoglycemic episodes. Conventional imaging failed to detect the lesion; therefore, arterial calcium stimulation with venous sampling (ASVS) was used for preoperative localization. The patient recovered without complications after surgical enucleation of the tumor. ASVS is a useful method for localizing insulinomas when conventional imaging techniques fail, and can help reduce morbidities associated with surgical excision. PMID:25437309

Smith, Alisha; Thornton, Paul S; Galliani, Carlos; Miller, James P; Dykes, Jennifer N; Leung-Pineda, Van

2014-12-01

27

Unusual association of myasthenia gravis and ulcerative colitis in a 14-year-old boy.  

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Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic inflammatory condition. Its incidence is 0.8 per 100,000 children per year and median age at diagnosis is 14.1 years in the pediatric population. Extradigestive manifestations are frequent in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but neurologic disorders are rarely associated. We report the case of a 14-year-old boy who was diagnosed with UC and thereafter autoimmune hepatitis with primary sclerosing cholangitis. Two months later, he also developed myasthenia gravis, another autoimmune disease. Physicians should be aware of the possibility of an association between several autoimmune diseases in patients with IBD in order to improve disease outcomes. PMID:25440769

Guinet-Charpentier, C; Bilbault, C; Kennel, A; Perrier, P; Peyrin-Biroulet, L; Morali, A

2015-01-01

28

Pleomorphic Adenoma of Minor Salivary Gland in a 14 year Old Child.  

Science.gov (United States)

Salivary gland tumours are rare in childhood, and almost all of them occur in parotid gland. Minor salivary gland tumours are even rarer, pleomorphic adenoma being the most frequently found tumour. Only seventeen cases of pleomorphic adenoma arising in the minor salivary gland tumour have been reported in children and adolescents. Pleomorphic adenoma of minor salivary gland represents about 45% of all the tumours of the minor salivary glands. Pleomorphic adenoma is slowly enlarging tumour indistinguishable from adenoid cystic carcinoma clinically, except for pain and ulceration, which is more common in the latter. Carcinoma arising from pleomorphic adenoma has been reported in 3% cases amongst the minor salivary gland tumours. This report presents a case of pleomorphic adenoma of minor salivary gland in a 14 year old female patient with a brief review of literature. PMID:24431845

Pramod Krishna, B

2013-06-01

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Solid variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma in a 14-year-old girl.  

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Solid variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a rare, poorly characterised variant and predominantly reported in children with a history of radiation exposure. This variant has a high propensity for extra-thyroidal extension and cervical lymph node metastases. A 14-year-old Malay girl who had no history of radiation exposure, presented with multiple cervical lymphadenopathy and it was clinically suspicious for tuberculosis or lymphoma. An incisional biopsy revealed a metastatic PTC. The patient underwent total thyroidectomy with bilateral lateral neck dissection and histopathology report was solid variant of PTC. Whole-body I(131) scan was performed which revealed an intense tracer uptake in the neck. She was planned for radioactive iodine ablation and now on regular follow-up for monitoring of possible tumour metastasis. PMID:23749834

Abdul Rahman, Wan Faiziah Wan; Md Hashim, Mohd Nizam; Win, Thin Thin; Bakrin, Ikmal Hisyam

2013-01-01

30

Sudden death due to biventricular non-compaction cardiomyopathy in a 14-year-old.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 14-year-old African-American female with a long-standing medically and ablation-treated history of tachycardia with associated seizures died suddenly. Upon autopsy, evidence of gross non-compaction involving the left ventricle, as well as possible subtle non-compaction of the right ventricle was discovered. Microscopically, there was focal myocyte hypertrophy as well as myxoid connective tissue and subendocardial fibroelastosis in the areas affected by the non-compaction. Arrhythmia, precipitated by the underlying cardiomyopathy, led to this young girl's death. Non-compaction cardiomyopathy is a rare cardiac disorder which commonly goes undiagnosed until post-mortem, although diagnosis through echocardiogram, CT, or MRI is possible and there is criterion for diagnosis with each of these. PMID:25549957

Cohen, Paul J; Prahlow, Joseph A

2015-03-01

31

Study of weight, height, body mass index, energy and nutrients intake of 11-14 years old girls, Tehran  

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Full Text Available A descriptive, analytical cross-sectional syudy was conducted in 1996 on 350 female students 11-14 years old in the center of Tehran, Iran. The general objective was determining energy and nutrient intakes and weight, height and BMI (Body Mass Index of the girls, using anthropometric measurements, interviews (24-hour dietary recall and food consumption frequency, and the NCHS standards. The results were as follows: 1 Based on weight for age and the Z-score, 20% of the girls suffered from mild past and present malnutrition. 2 Based on height for age and BMI, 16.6%, 12.5%, and 1.3% suffered from mild past malnutrition, severe present malnutrition and overweight, respectively. 3 The height curves were normal, as compared to the respective standards. 4 The BMI curves were quite different from the respective standards. 5 On the whole, 53.7%, 49.7%, 86.0%, 59.0%, 67.7%, 76.5% and 88.0% of the girls had low intakes of energy, vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin B12, folic acid, calcium, and iron, respectively. 6 A positive linear correlation was observed between energy intake and height, vitamin A intake and weight, zinc intake and height, and carbohydrate intake and height.

Sadeqipoor H

1999-09-01

32

Clinical and morphological features of ovarian pure dysgerminoma: a report of a 14 years old girl  

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Full Text Available Dysgerminoma is best known as the ovarian counterpart of seminoma of the testis Relatively uncommon tumors, dysgerminomas account for less than 2% of all ovarian cancer. We report a case of a 14 years old girl with a large and rapidly growing unilaleral ovarian dysgerminoma. Examination of the surgical specimen showed a tumor of 27x17x8 cm in size and 4800 gr. in weight. It was oval in shape with a slightly glistening fibrous capsule, soft but solid and hemorrhagic. The mass arose from the right ovary and did not invade any surrounding structures. The tumor and the ovary were torqued with its fallopian tube. Microscopic examination showed typical characteristics of ovarian dysgerminoma, with a micrometastasis in the omentum (in the vicinity of the tumor. The patient underwent a right salpingo-oophorectomy, had an uncomplicated postoperative course and received radio and chemotherapy Thirty months after the operation, the patient is in good health and with normal ultrasound and laboratory results. We believe that conservative surgery followed by adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy seems to be ideal treatment in case of pure ovarian dysgerminoma when careful surgical staging confirmed the unilaterality of disease.

Pop-Trajkovi? Zoran

2002-01-01

33

Anomalous left main coronary artery causing a myocardial infarction in a 14-year-old boy.  

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A 14-year-old boy presented with exertional chest pain and was found to have rising cardiac biomarkers. The electrocardiogram revealed ST-segment elevation and T-wave inversion in the anterolateral leads. Coronary arteriograms and coronary computed tomography (CCT) showed an anomalous left main coronary artery originating from the right coronary sinus of Valsalva and coursing intramurally within the wall of the aorta between the aorta and the pulmonary trunk. The proximal left main was narrow with normal distal left main, left anterior descending, and left circumflex coronary arteries. The patient underwent surgical de-roofing of the intramural course of the left main artery with relief of his symptoms. Coronary artery anomalies have been found in 1.3% of the patients in a large arteriographic study. These anomalies are classified on the basis of the origin of the coronary arteries, as well as their course and distribution. Many of these variations are discovered incidentally at arteriography or autopsy. However, some of the anomalies cause symptoms, and a few of them can cause sudden cardiac death, even at a young age. PMID:25073257

Karim, Saima; Young, Thomas; Reilly, John R; Delaney, Patrick

2013-01-01

34

[Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the lacrimal gland in a 14-year-old girl].  

Science.gov (United States)

The discovery of unilateral exophthalmia requires multidisciplinary care made all the more difficult in the case of a 14-year-old girl living in a tropical environment. The child, C.A., resident of the town of Djenné in Mali, was examined for nonpulsate, nonretractile, left lateral unilateral exophthalmia, painful upon palpation of a left upper-external mass under the orbital rim. The initial examination highlighted the existence of an intraorbital tumor with a moderate effect on visual function. In view of the slow and progressive development over 2 years, and with the assistance of an association, the child was transferred to a specialized medical structure where the tumorous nature was confirmed after surgical exeresis. The diagnosis was cylindroma, or adenoid cystic carcinoma. Neither chemotherapy nor radiation were used. At 15 months after surgery, the child showed no clinical sign of recurrence. Intraorbital tumors in children present diagnostic and therapeutic problems in countries with limited medical resources. Cylindromas or adenoid cystic carcinomas of the lachrymal gland are the second most common cause of epithelial tumors in this gland, which are characterized by a high degree of malignancy, a very high rate of recurrence, and a low survival rate at 5 years. In a tropical environment, diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties are compounded by limits to comprehensive care for the child. PMID:17075512

Boitte, J-P; Traoré, J; Boukhet, F; Mondié, J-M; Traoré, M; Delbosc, B

2006-10-01

35

Relationship between sleep duration and dietary intake in 4- to 14-year-old Danish children  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present crosssectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14-year-old children. No sex differences were found regarding age and sleep duration. Sleep duration was negatively correlated to age (? = –0·68; P < 0·001) and BMI (? = –0·41; P < 0·001). In multiple linear regression analyses, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake (b = –0·015; P = 0·20), but there was a trend towards a positive association with intake of dietary fibre (b = 0·006; P = 0·05) and vegetables (b = 0·011; P = 0·05), and a negative association with intake of poultry (b = –0·002; P = 0·02), and a trend towards a negative association with intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories’ (b = –0·01; P = 0·05). Furthermore, in a comparison of dietary intake between age-dependent tertiles of sleep duration, only intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories’ was significantly lower in long sleepers than in short and medium sleepers (P= 0·03). In conclusion, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake and the proposal that children with short sleep duration have less healthy eating habits than children with longer sleep duration was only weakly supported by the present findings.

Hoppe, Camilla; Rothausen, Berit Worm

2013-01-01

36

Exostosis subungueal en un adolescente de 14 años / Subungual exostosis in a 14 years old boy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La exostosis subungueal es un tumor benigno de hueso trabecular rodeado por una cápsula fibrocartilaginosa; aparece principalmente en la falange distal del hallux, por debajo de la uña o adyacente a ella y se manifiesta clínicamente por alteración de la uña suprayacente o de los tejidos blandos peri [...] ungueales, respectivamente. Es infrecuente en la infancia y más común en el sexo femenino. La sospecha clínica se confirma por el hallazgo radiológico (placa de perfil) de una excrecencia de hueso trabecular que se proyecta desde la superficie dorsal de la falange distal del dedo afectado. El tratamiento de elección consiste en el legrado o remoción quirúrgica de la lesión. Presentamos un caso de exostosis subungueal localizada en el hallux en un varón de 14 años de edad, con la tríada característica de esta entidad: dolor digital, lesión subungueal con deformidad de la lámina ungueal y hallazgos radiográficos característicos. Abstract in english Subungual exostosis is a benign bony outgrowth surrounded by a fibrocartilaginous capsule that mainly affects hallux terminal phalanx with subungual or periungular localization, and that clinically determines variable degree of nail plate or periungular soft tissues alterations, respectively, It is [...] uncommon in childhood and more frequent in females. Clínical suspicion is confirmed by the radiographic finding of a distinct trabecular bone growth arising from the dorsal aspect of the phalanx of the affected finger, on the lateral incidence. Curettage or surgical excision is the treatment of choice. We report a case of subungual exostosis located at the hallux in a 14-year-old boy suffering from subungual exostosis of the hallux that presented the characteristic triad of this entity: subungular tumor with nail plate deformity, digital pain and radiologic typical findings.

Margarita, Larralde; Paula, Boggio; María Eugenia, Abad; Betina, Pagotto; Andrea, Castillo.

2009-08-01

37

Dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in 4–14-year-old Danish children  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Little is known about dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in children, and the aim of the present study was to investigate 4–14-year-old children's dietary patterns specifically on weekdays (Monday–Thursday) and weekend days (Saturday–Sunday). Dietary data were derived from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003–8, where a total of 784 children aged 4–14 years completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns in the age groups 4–6, 7–10 and 11–14 years. Consistently, two dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, emerged on both weekdays and weekend days. Factor scores from corresponding dietary patterns were significantly correlated between weekdays and weekend days with the exception of the ‘health conscious’ pattern in the 7–10-year-olds. Within each age group, children with high agreement for the ‘processed’ pattern had a significantly higher dietary energy density, which was reflected insignificantly higher intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables, compared with children with high agreement for the ‘health conscious’ pattern (P < 0·05). Moreover, these variables indicated less healthy dietary intakes on weekend days than on weekdays for both patterns. In conclusion, two distinct dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, were identified on both weekdays and weekend days for each age group. While overall major dietary patterns may somewhat track between weekdays and weekends, the specific foods actually eaten became less healthy during weekends.

Rothausen, Berit Worm; Matthiessen, Jeppe

2013-01-01

38

Prevalence of malocclusion in 14-year old Greek children using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this epidemiological investigation was to study malocclusion in the 14-year old population nationwide. The orthodontic index DAI was chosen as a measurement means. The DAI is proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO. The use of the DAI has the advantage of grading malocclusion, thus providing with the possibility of objectively assessing the priorities for orthodontic treatment care. The study included a random and representative sample of 4451 pupils (3% of the corresponding total schoolchildren population from the 9 health districts (H.D. of Greece. 488 pupils were excluded because they did not fulfill the study criteria (they had either completed or were undergoing active orthodontic treatment. The selection of schools - sampling points (s.p. was performed with a special computer program using the method of random numbers. The total number of sampling points nationwide was 24. The number of sampling points and pupils per H.D. was determined based on the WHO regulations and the sampling methodology. A permanent examiner - the author - performed all examinations. Based on the DAI criteria, 52.53% of the pupils presented varying degrees of malocclusion. This value is in agreement with similar studies performed in the USA and 10 other countries using the same index. The highest percentage of malocclusion was found in the 8th H.D. "Aegean Islands" and the lowest in the 6th H.D. "East Macedonia". Percentages for orthodontic treatment of medium, high and very high resulting from the DAI scale are 28.2, 9.84 and 14.49 respectively. Although the percentage of orthodontic treatment need is the same for both sexes, the percentage of girls who received orthodontic treatment was twice that of boys. Orthodontic treatment care in pupils of private schools was four times that of pupils in public schools.

P.G. Hatzopoulos

1999-01-01

39

Atypical presentation of acute idiopathic megacolon in a 14-year-old patient  

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Full Text Available In clinical practice the term “megacolon” is used to indicate a marked dilatation of the cecum and the sigmoid colon (>12 and 6.5 cm, respectively (1. From a clinical standpoint, a megacolon can be classified as chronic or acute depending on its clinical presentation. Chronic megacolon typically refers to a congenital disorder in which the enteric nervous system (ENS supplying the colon does not develop properly, thereby leaving the distal segments of the viscus without myenteric and submucosal ganglia (i.e. Hirschsprung’s disease (2. Other cases of non-aganglionic chronic megacolon can be secondary to variety of conditions such as Chagas’ disease and neurodegenerative diseases (e.g. Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, leading to or associated with ENS abnormalities (3. The acute form of megacolon, also referred to as Ogilvie’s syndrome, is characterized by a predominant involvement of the cecum and right colon usually affecting elderly patients undergoing surgery (e.g. orthopedic procedures or taking medications altering gut motility (e.g. opioids or antidepressants (4. Some forms of acute megacolon, however, can be idiopathic in origin since no underlying etiology can be identified. Patients with acute idiopathic megacolon usually have a longstanding history of constipation, often accompanied by laxative abuse, and their clinical presentation is characterized by abdominal distension and severe pain with radiological evidence of stool impacted in the colon and rectum (1, 4. The case herein reported represents an unusual form of acute idiopathic megacolon characterized by massive descending and sigmoid colon distension complicated with a volvulus in a 14-year-old boy with no Hirschsprung’s disease. In addition, just to increase the peculiarity of this case report, the patient had an unremarkable clinical record, and never suffered from chronic constipation in the past.

R. Pezzilli

2012-12-01

40

Relationship between Anthropometric Parameters with Menarche Age of School Girls (11-14 Years Old in Shahroud  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Though not impeding it, malnutrition during childhood delays the menarche age. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between anthropometric parameters with menarche age of adolescent (11-14- year old girls. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 418 middle school girls in Shahroud were randomly selected and studied. To demonstrate the participants, nutritional status, BMI was used for age, weight and stature, and then it was compared with NCHS standard. Results: It was revealed that the mean of BMI (body mass Index of menstruated girls was 19.8±3/1 and that of the non-menstruated participants was 17.6±3. The average menarche age turned to be 12.9±0.8. A significant relationship (P<0.0001 was found between age and incidence of menstruation. 47% of the participants experienced their menses in summer. The weight and height means of the menstruated participants were 48.7±8.5 kg and 156.9±6.7 cm respectively. A significant relationship (P=0.0001 was also found between weight, height, BMI and anthropometric parameters of the students, and their menstrual conditions. Statistical analysis also showed a significant relationship between menarche status and socioeconomic condition. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate a significant relationship between nutritional status and menarche age. Due to the importance of menarche age, its decline and creation of sexual desire, and noting the important effects of BMI and anthropometric parameters on menarche age, special attention should be paid to ideal weight, proper nutrition and sufficient physical activities in this high-risk group

Mehri Delvarian-Zadeh

2008-01-01

41

Ovarian Cyst Enlargement in a 14 Year Old Female with Persistent Ascities, Severe Hypothyroidism and Elevated Serum CA-125 Level  

OpenAIRE

A 14 year old female complained of abdominal pain and distention with vomiting. The physical exam showed thyroid enlargement and ascites. The imaging evaluation demonstrated a large ovarian cyst. Laboratory tests depicted hypothyroidism and marked elevation of Carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA-125) levels. As the bone age was 10 years, more retarded than the chronological age, Van Wyk and Grumbach syndrome was suspected. Treatment with thyroid hormone was initiated and the condition improved drama...

Motamed, F.; Eftekhari, K.; Kiani, M. A.; Rabbani, A.

2012-01-01

42

A Rare Case of Solitary Epidural Brain Metastasis of Neuroepithelioma Tumor in A 14 Years Old Man  

OpenAIRE

By definition, a peripheral neuroepithelioma is a primary neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) arising from peripheral, nonautonomic neural tissue. PNETs are classified into central and peripheral types. Peripheral PNETs are unusual, often highly aggressive, malignant neoplasms, rarely presenting in the head and neck. Soft tissues PNETs arise from nonautonomic nervous system. In this case, we report a 14-years-old male known case of cervical soft tissue neuroepithelioma presenting with a rare form of...

Barikbin, R.; Adibi, A.; Mougouei, K.; Farghadani, M.

2008-01-01

43

Relationship between Anthropometric Parameters with Menarche Age of School Girls (11-14 Years Old) in Shahroud  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Though not impeding it, malnutrition during childhood delays the menarche age. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between anthropometric parameters with menarche age of adolescent (11-14- year old) girls. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 418 middle school girls in Shahroud were randomly selected and studied. To demonstrate the participants, nutritional status, BMI was used for age, weight and stature, and then it was compared with NCHS standard. Results: I...

Mehri Delvarian-Zadeh; Ahmad Khosravi; Nahid Bolbolhaghighi; Hossein Ebrahimi

2008-01-01

44

Lay Theories of Suicide in Turkish and American Students  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to compare the lay theories of suicide held by Turkish and American respondents. Measures of attitudes toward suicide and of personality variables were administered to 330 Turkish undergraduates and 419 American undergraduates. Turkish students saw interpersonal factors as less important and societal factors as more important in causing suicide as compared to the American students, and they also reported more stigma toward attempted suicides. Personality correlates of these attitudes were similar in the two groups. The similarities between the two groups of respondents in their theories of suicide outweighed thedifferences.

Rheeda Walker

2010-04-01

45

Risk of Abnormal Eating Attitudes among Turkish Dietetic Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of abnormal eating attitudes among Turkish dietetic students and the relations between nutrition education and eating attitudes. The study population was 568 female university students (248 dietetic students, 320 non-dietetic students). Two scales were used: Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26)…

Kiziltan, Gul; Karabudak, Efsun

2008-01-01

46

Skin Picking in Turkish Students: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Gender Differences  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, triggers, and consequences of skin picking (SP) in a sample of Turkish university students, with an emphasis on gender differences. A total of 245 students from two universities in Turkey were assessed by using the Skin Picking Inventory. In total, 87.8% of the students…

Calikusu, Celal; Kucukgoncu, Suat; Tecer, Ozlem; Bestepe, Emrem

2012-01-01

47

The Comparison of the Coping Strategies with Stress between the Students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and the Students from Turkish Republic  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to compare the coping strategies with stres of the students who are from the Turkish Republic and those of the Middle Asian Turkish Republics. The population of the study consists of the students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics at Ondokuz May?s University in 2004-2005 Academic Year. This study was carried out on a total number of 437 students; 125 of them are from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and 312 from Turkish Republic. In this study, to determine the level of stres, Coping Stres Scale (CSS developed by Türküm (2002 based on the Folkman and Lazarus Models was used. According to the results of MANOVA, there is no significant difference between the Coping Strategies with stres of the students from Turkish Republics and the students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics in terms of sub-scale.

Seher BALCI ÇEL?K

2008-12-01

48

The Comparison of the Coping Strategies with Stress between the Students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and the Students from Turkish Republic  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study is to compare the coping strategies with stres of the students who are from the Turkish Republic and those of the Middle Asian Turkish Republics. The population of the study consists of the students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics at Ondokuz May?s University in 2004-2005 Academic Year. This study was carried out on a total number of 437 students; 125 of them are from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and 312 from Turkish Republic. In this study, to determine the level ...

Balci C?eli?k, Seher

2008-01-01

49

VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT OF TURKISH STUDENTS AGED BETWEEN 7 AND 9  

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Full Text Available The potential of thoughts which is possible for a person who speaks a particular language are accepted to be equal to the conceptual content of that language; “dictionary” containing the sum of the concepts. It means that “the things that a person can think are limited to the possibilities in the language he/she speaks and the thoughts of the person who speaks the language has to act within the limits of that language’s potential.”In terms of Turkish language, it is seen that Turkish sources in the form of general dictionary contain approximately 70.000 words as headwords. The headwords included in approximately 80.000-100.000 dictionaries and glossaries that are used in Anatolian dialects were not added to this number. However studies related to the vocabulary of children report that Turkish students do not benefit from the rich vocabulary of Turkish language. This paper aims to investigate Turkish student between the ages 7 and 9 during 3 years and reveal how they develop vocabulary. It is also aimed to determine the effects of variables on vocabulary development such as age, pre-knowledge, social environment, economic environment and education level. The study was conducted by the support of TÜB?TAK (The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkish, (TÜBITAK-SOBAG project No: 104K087.

Hülya P?LANCI

2009-10-01

50

Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions of Geography  

Science.gov (United States)

This study provides an in-depth investigation of Turkish primary school students' perceptions of geography. Gender differences in students' perceptions of geography were investigated, including definitions of geography and its field of study. The findings showed that "landforms," "our geographical regions/Turkey,"…

Senyurt, Secil

2014-01-01

51

Turkish Elementary Student Teachers' Epistemological Beliefs and Moral Reasoning  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationships among Turkish elementary student teachers' epistemological beliefs and moral reasoning, and to determine which types of epistemological beliefs elementary student teachers exhibit. The findings of the present study demonstrated that epistemological beliefs did not make a unique…

Topcu, Mustafa Sami

2011-01-01

52

Turkish Students' Conceptions about the Simple Electric Circuits  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, the Turkish students' understanding level of electric circuits consisting of two bulbs and one battery was investigated by using open-ended questions. Two-hundred fifty students, whose ages range from 11 to 22, were chosen from five different groups at primary, secondary and university levels in Trabzon in Turkey. In analyzing…

Cepni, Salih; Keles, Esra

2006-01-01

53

Geography Teaching Students’ Perceptions on Turkish World (An Example of Atatürk University)  

OpenAIRE

This study aims the determining the level of understanding and general knowledge and perceptions of Geography Teaching students on Turkish World and Turkish republics. The examples of the study were obtained from students of Atatürk University Faculty of Education, Department of Geography Teaching. A scale consisted of open ended questions in order to determine the level of knowledge and perceptions of the sample group on Turkish World and Turkish republics.According to findings, students wi...

Mete Al?m

2009-01-01

54

Student Attitudes toward Technology Enhanced History Education: Comparison between Turkish and American Students  

OpenAIRE

Teacher and student attitudes towards the technology enhanced instruction plays a critical role in determining its effectiveness. The purpose of the study is to examine Turkish and American students’ attitudes and thoughts toward the use of educational technologies in history courses, and to compare the results to determine whether there are any differences between the attitudes of Turkish and American student. This study was conducted with 197 American students from Upper Saint Claire High...

Ibrahim Turan

2010-01-01

55

Genetic risk factors of disc degeneration among 12-14-year-old Danish children: a population study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of the present study was to examine the associations between eleven putative predisposing single nucleotide polymorphisms (COL9A3, COL11A2, IL1A, IL1B, IL6 and VDR) and early disc degeneration (DD). The population consisted of 12 to 14-year-old Danish children (N=352). DD was evaluated from magnetic resonance images (MRI). We analysed the association between DD and single nucleotide polymorphisms or haplotypes using logistic regression analyses. Of the 352 children studied, 73 boys and 81 girls had no MRI changes, while 30 boys and 36 girls had lumbar DD. Among girls, IL1A rs1800587 in CT/TT compared to CC resulted in OR 2.85 [1.19-6.83]. In IL6 promoter polymorphism rs1800796, the C-allele was more frequent among the subjects with DD, OR 6.71 [1.71-26.3]. Of the IL6 haplotypes, GCG was associated with DD, OR 6.46 [1.61 - 26.0]. No associations were observed among boys. Our results suggest possible roles for IL1A and IL6 in early DD among girls. PMID:21537388

Eskola, Pasi J; Kjaer, Per; Daavittila, Iita M; Solovieva, Svetlana; Okuloff, Annaleena; Sorensen, Joan S; Wedderkopp, Niels; Ala-Kokko, Leena; Männikkö, Minna; Karppinen, Jaro I

2010-01-01

56

[Osteoid osteoma of the base of the acetabulum presenting as coxitis in a 14-year-old girl].  

Science.gov (United States)

It is about an unique case of an intra-articular osteoid osteoma, located in the back of the acetabulum in a 14 years old girl. Synovitis made clinical and radiological appearances very suggestive of an arthritis. Diagnosis was recalled in the view of biological negativity, the notion of nocturnal pains, reduced by aspirin, and especially radiological features with densification of the back of the acetabulum. Scintigraphy revealed hyperfixation located in the back of the acetabulum and scanner showed a picture, in the same place, buldging towards the joint, suggestive of the osteoid osteoma. The operation, made by anterior approach with anterior dislocation of the hip, allowed the "in bloc" resection of an osseus piece whose immediate radiographic examination confirmed that the whole osteoma was removed. A synovial biopsy was also performed. The pathologist confirmed the diagnosis and showed a reactional synovitis within the soft tissues. Pain disappeared as soon as the waking up. This case report is interesting because: this localization is very exceptional, the reactional synovitis was evocating of an arthritis, the iconography is absolutely complete, a review of publications is done for this subject. PMID:3742693

Carcopino, J M; Jagueux, M; Gross, P; Moinet, P

1986-01-01

57

Comparison of participation between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers 8-14 years old in leisure activities  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Children's participation in leisure and recreational activities is associated with their well-being. The Purpose of this study was to compare of participation between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers 8-14 years old. Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, 30 children with cerebral palsy (mean age: 11 years  and 1 month from special education school and 30 typically developing peers (11 years  and 6 months from typical schools through convenient nonprobability sampling were selected. Participants were evaluated with the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE.The data were analyzed by spss17. Results: There were significant differences between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers (p= 0.000 in diversity scale. The intensity of participation in peer group was more than children with cerebral palsy p=0.000. No significant differences were found between the groups in the enjoyment. There were no significant main effects of gender, also significant interaction effect between group type and gender for CAPE variables. Conclusion: The participation of peer group in most activities was more than children with cerebral palsy. Physical disability can affect participation of children in everyday activities and socialization. Knowledge about participation of cerebral palsy children can help to health care professional to establish interventions that fit with children's preferences and can promote their health and participation.

Madineh Hassani

2013-05-01

58

Cleidocranial dysplasia in a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl: clinical and radiological presentation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare, autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia with a relatively mild course. The most characteristic symptoms are clavicle hypoplasia or aplasia, abnormalities in the skull ossification, and a variety of dental pathologies. The clinical course and radiological presentation of two cases (a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl) of CCD are presented. Among the characteristic phenotype features the patients demonstrated were abnormalities in the skull formation, with wide sutures and large, delayed closure of the fontanelles, additional Wormian bones, and significant dental abnormalities, in both cases with delayed eruption of teeth and, in the girl, intensive caries, cross bite, and impacted teeth. The boy presented hypoplasia of the clavicles, while aplastic clavicles were confirmed in the girl. In both cases clavicle defects resulted in descended shoulders with abnormal movement faculty. Metacarpal and phalangeal defects were also found in both children as well as abnormalities in pelvic structure, with wide pubic symphysis and vertical arrangement of the pelvic bones in the girl. CCD is a skeletal dysplasia with characteristic clinical and radiological presentation. Although the course of the disorder is relatively mild, early orthopedic, dental, and orthodontic care, as well as rehabilitation, are essential in limiting complications resulting from the congenital malformation of the skeletal system. (author) system. (author)

59

Bone dysplasia with optic atrophy, vascular malformation and seizures in a 14-year-old girl - a case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The heritable skeletal dysplasias or osteochondrodysplasias are a large heterogeneous group of disorders associated with abnormal shape, growth, or integrity of bones. Osteopetrosis is a collective term for a range of sclerosing bone diseases with various degree of defective remodeling. Increased bone density is the predominant radiologic feature. The skull is often involved with basal sclerosis and the sinuses are obliterated. The most serious consequences of the osteopetroses are seen in the nervous system. Because of perturbed remodeling of the skull bones, many aspects of the brain and cranial nerve function are endangered. Cranial nerves, blood vessels and the spinal cord may be compressed by progressive occlusion of cranial foramina. Carious, misplaced teeth, dysplastic fingernails, tendency to pathologic fractures are the other clinical manifestations. The authors present a 14-year-old girl with dysmorphic features, optic atrophy, CNS vessel malformation, pathologic fractures and seizures. The girl had a wide range of clinical and radiographic symptoms of bone dysplasias together with a giant left internal carotid artery aneurysm and epilepsy. On the basis of clinical and radiological features, a disease belonging to the group of skeletal dysplasias was recognized in our patient. The configuration of the presented symptoms does not allow at the moment strict classification to hitherto determined forms of dysplasia. This leads to the necessity of extending diagn leads to the necessity of extending diagnostics, especially by molecular tests, and further long-lasting observations, which perhaps would allow classification of the presented syndrome to one of the known groups, or determination of a new clinical entity. (author)

60

Ovarian carcinoma in a 14-year-old with classical salt-wasting congenital adrenal hyperplasia and bilateral adrenalectomy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abstract A 14-year-old female with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia because of 21-hydroxylase deficiency underwent bilateral adrenalectomy at 6 years of age as a result of poor hormonal control. Because the patient was adrenalectomized, extra adrenal androgen production was suspected. Imaging studies including pelvic ultrasound and pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were obtained to evaluate for adrenal rest tumors of the ovaries. Abdominal MRI was obtained to evaluate for residual adrenal tissue. A cystic lesion arising from her right ovary suspicious for ovarian neoplasm was noted on pelvic MRI. Right salpingo-oophorectomy was performed and histopathological examination revealed ovarian serous adenocarcinoma, low-grade, and well-differentiated. Tumor marker CA-125 was elevated and additional ovarian cancer staging workup confirmed stage IIIC due to one lymph node positive for carcinoma. The patient then developed a large left ovarian cyst, which led to a complete total abdominal hysterectomy and removal of the left ovary and fallopian tube. Pathology confirmed ovarian serous adenocarcinoma with microscopic focus of carcinoma in the left ovary. After numerous complications, the patient responded well to chemotherapy, CA-125 levels fell and no evidence of carcinoma was observed on subsequent imaging. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an ovarian serous adenocarcinoma in a patient with CAH. Although rare, we propose that the ovaries were the origin of androgen production and not residual adrenal tissue. The relationship between CAH and ovarian carcinomas has yet to be established, but further evaluation is needed given the poor survival rate of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma. PMID:25427061

Pina, Christian; Khattab, Ahmed; Katzman, Philip; Bruckner, Lauren; Andolina, Jeffrey; New, Maria; Yau, Mabel

2014-11-26

61

A validity and reliability study of physical activity enjoyment scale-short form for Turkish children and youth  

OpenAIRE

Although there are many benefits of physical activity on people, it is important to provide enjoyment in the physical activity to increase and ensure the continuity of the participation. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form for the 9-14 years old Turkish students. 150 students (91 girls, 59 boys) in 4-8 classes from Hatay, ?stanbul and Krd. Ere?li were participated in this study. The expert report, d...

Dilsad Mirzeog?lu, A.; Dil?ad Çoknaz

2014-01-01

62

Music Education Department students attitudes towards “Turkish Music History” course  

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Full Text Available This research was conducted in order to analyze the attitudes of second, third, and fourth grade students at the Faculty of Education, Department of Music Education towards the Turkish Music History course. Descriptive research methods with quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been adopted with an integrated approach. The sample group includes 871 second, third, and fourth students from Music Education Departments of 12 universities in Turkey. Data have been obtained via a Turkish Music History Course Attitude Scale which was developed by the researcher. According to the findings of the research, students have stated that factors such as the inadequacy of the way the course was given, the attitude of the lecturer, the number of topics covered, the insipidity of the classes, the inappropriateness of the location and time of the classes, and the difficulty of the exams are the main reasons that negatively affected their attitudes. Nevertheless, they have stated that they enjoyed learning about Turkish music that the course contributed to their general knowledge and culture, that they liked the topics and that the course makes a positive impact on other courses; and they have made various suggestions.

Burçin Uçaner

2013-03-01

63

Field assessment of balance in 10 to 14 year old children, reproducibility and validity of the Nintendo Wii board  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

BACKGROUND: Because body proportions in childhood are different to those in adulthood, children have a relatively higher centre of mass location. This biomechanical difference and the fact that children's movements have not yet fully matured result in different sway performances in children and adults. When assessing static balance, it is essential to use objective, sensitive tools, and these types of measurement have previously been performed in laboratory settings. However, the emergence of technologies like the Nintendo Wii Board (NWB) might allow balance assessment in field settings. As the NWB has only been validated and tested for reproducibility in adults, the purpose of this study was to examine reproducibility and validity of the NWB in a field setting, in a population of children. METHODS: Fifty-four 10-14 year-olds from the CHAMPS-Study DK performed four different balance tests: bilateral stance with eyes open (1), unilateral stance on dominant (2) and non-dominant leg (3) with eyes open, and bilateral stance with eyes closed (4). Three rounds of the four tests were completed with the NWB and with a force platform (AMTI). To assess reproducibility, an intra-day test-retest design was applied with a two-hour break between sessions. RESULTS: Bland-Altman plots supplemented by Minimum Detectable Change (MDC) and concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) demonstrated satisfactory reproducibility for the NWB and the AMTI (MDC: 26.3-28.2%, CCC: 0.76-0.86) using Centre Of Pressure path Length as measurement parameter. Bland-Altman plots demonstrated satisfactory concurrent validity between the NWB and the AMTI, supplemented by satisfactory CCC in all tests (CCC: 0.74-0.87). The ranges of the limits of agreement in the validity study were comparable to the limits of agreement of the reproducibility study. CONCLUSION: Both NWB and AMTI have satisfactory reproducibility for testing static balance in a population of children. Concurrent validity of NWB compared with AMTI was satisfactory. Furthermore, the results from the concurrent validity study were comparable to the reproducibility results of the NWB and the AMTI. Thus, NWB has the potential to replace the AMTI in field settings in studies including children. Future studies are needed to examine intra-subject variability and to test the predictive validity of NWB.

Larsen, Lisbeth Runge; JØrgensen, Martin GrØnbech

2014-01-01

64

An Investigation into Turkish EFL Students’ Attributions in Reading Comprehension  

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Full Text Available Learner attributions, perceived causes of success and failure, have received considerable attention. However, very little research has been carried out in the area of learning foreign languages. This empiricalstudy investigated Turkish EFL students’ attributions in reading. The aims of the study were (1 to investigateuniversity students’ attributions for success and failures in second language reading and (2 to examine theways in which these vary according to gender, proficiency and teacher opinions. Student questionnairesidentified 13 common attributions. Also, 17 EFL teachers were asked to what they attributed student successand failure in reading. Many statistically significant differences were found between attribution and gender,proficiency, and between student and teacher opinions. The study concludes with a set of pedagogicalimplications for the teaching and learning of English reading.

Cevdet Y?lmaz

2012-09-01

65

A validity and reliability study of physical activity enjoyment scale-short form for Turkish children and youth  

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Full Text Available Although there are many benefits of physical activity on people, it is important to provide enjoyment in the physical activity to increase and ensure the continuity of the participation. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form for the 9-14 years old Turkish students. 150 students (91 girls, 59 boys in 4-8 classes from Hatay, ?stanbul and Krd. Ere?li were participated in this study. The expert report, descriptive factor analysis, Confirmatory factor analysis were used to construct validity of the study and Cronbach Alpha internal coefficient value was performed for the reliability of Turkish version of Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form. Results of the exploratory factor analysis showed that the factor values of the items between .606 and .735, the eigenvalue 2.351 and descriptive variance value % 47.017 were found. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the adaptive values of the scale were RMSEA = .057, ?² / df = 1.476, TLI = .960, CFI = .980 and SRMR = .039. According to the results the single factorial construct was supported. The Cronbach Alpha internal coefficient value was .711. As a result, it can be said that the Turkish version of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form is valid and reliable scale for the 9-14 years old children and youth to explain their enjoyment level in physical activity.

A. Dilsad Mirzeo?lu

2014-04-01

66

THE EFFECT OF STRENGTH TRAINING ON SOME MOTOR ABILITIES IN 12-14 YEARS-OLD MALE TENNIS PLAYERS  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine effect of 8-week strength training on motor abilities of male tennis players between aged 12-14 years.The total 20 athletes which played in the Club of Ankara Tennis participated in the study, as experimental group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 years, Height:152.90±4.22 cm, Body mass:40.64±5.72 kg and control group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 y?l, Height:152.30±4.73 cm, Body mass:39.35±3.62 kg. The experimental group performed the strength training for 8 weeks in addition to tennis training. The control group performed only tennis training. The motor abilities were measured before the strength training period (pre-test and after the strength training (post-test for the experimental and control group. The results of pre-test of experimental and control group were defined as a co-variance and the difference between post-tests of variables was compared in univariate co-variance analysis. The difference between some performance variables of experimental and control groups was determined by using independent t test. The level of significance was set at p?0.05. There was no significant difference between heights of the experimental and control group and their body weights (p>0.05. There were no significant difference between results of peak power, mean power and fatique index of Wingate test performed by the experimental and control group (p>0.05. There was significant difference between the result of relative mean power of Wingate test performed by the experimental and control group (p?0.05. Although there were not found between durations of 5-m sprint, 30-m sprint, asymmetric sprint for the experimental group and control group (p>0.05, there was significant difference between those of 10-m sprint durations (p?0.05. The right and left hand grip strength of the experimental group was significantly higher than the right and left hand grip strength of the control group (p?0.01. The skinfold of the experimental group was significantly less than skinfold of the control group (p?0.01. The value of 20-m shuttle run of the experimental group was significantly higher than those of the control group (p?0.01. There was no significant difference between experimental group and control group in flexibility (p>0.05.As a result, the strength training for eight weeks improved the abilities of endurance, strength, and in some speed abilities in 12-14 year-old male tennis player, however it was observed that the strength training did not induce any changes in flexibility and anaerobic power.

Ferhat AKTA?

2011-04-01

67

High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience  

Science.gov (United States)

Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ)…

Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

2009-01-01

68

Effects of Peer E-Feedback on Turkish EFL Students' Writing Performance  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigated the effect of online peer feedback through blogs on Turkish EFL students' writing performance and their perceptions. Data were collected by using: a) Turkish EFL Students' Background Survey, b) interviews at the beginning and end of the term, c) first and revised drafts, and d) end-of-semester Questionnaire. The…

Ciftci, Hatime; Kocoglu, Zeynep

2012-01-01

69

Secondary nonmonosymptomatic enuresis diurna as the first manifestation of transitional cell papillary carcinoma of the bladder in a 14-year-old girl  

OpenAIRE

A 14-year-old girl presented with secondary nonmonosymptomatic enuresis diurna and urge incontinence. The patient had no history of medical, psychological or behavioral problems. Systemic physical and neurological examinations and laboratory investigations revealed no abnormality. An ultrasound showed an intravesical tumor that was subsequently excised. Histopathology revealed transitional cell papillary bladder carcinoma of low-grade malignancy. All previously reported cases have presented w...

Hale Sakall?; Hakan ?brahim Bucak; Faruk Kuyucu; Tardu Ç?nar; Fulya Adamhasan; Department Of Pathology, Adana Numune Education And Research Hospital

2012-01-01

70

Prevalence of asthma symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment in 12-14 year old children across Great Britain (international study of asthma and allergies in childhood, ISAAC UK)  

OpenAIRE

OBJECTIVE: To investigate variations in the prevalence of self reported symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of asthma in 12-14 year old children. DESIGN: Self completion questionnaire. SETTING: Great Britain. SUBJECTS: All pupils aged 12-14 years in a stratified cluster sample of 93 large mixed secondary schools in 1995. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self reported prevalence of symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of asthma at four geographical levels. RESULTS: 27,507 questionnaires were completed (85....

Kaur, B.; Anderson, H. R.; Austin, J.; Burr, M.; Harkins, L. S.; Strachan, D. P.; Warner, J. O.

1998-01-01

71

Renal medullary AA amyloidosis, hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleated hepatocytes in a 14-year-old free-ranging lioness (Panthera leo)  

OpenAIRE

A 14-year-old lioness, originating from Etosha in Namibia, and a member of a pride in Pilanesberg National Park since translocation in 1994, was euthanased due to fight-related vertebral fracture and spinal injury, incurred approximately 6-8 weeks previously. Blood specimens collected at the time of death showed mild anaemia and a leukogram reflecting stress and chronic infection. Necropsy conducted within 2 hours of death was on a dehydrated, emaciated animal with hindquarter wasting and chr...

Momberg, M.; Williams, J. H.; Wilpe, E.

2012-01-01

72

Predicting Turkish Ninth Grade Students' Algebra Preformance  

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Full Text Available The prediction of students’ achievement in algebra in eighth and ninth grades has become a research interest for practical issues of placement. A group of simple, easily accessible variables was used to predict student performance in algebra after completion of eighth grade. The three variables of school type, grade level, and previous year mathematics performance explained 54% of the variance in algebra performance. Furthermore, school type was the dominant predictor of performance, explaining 33% of the total variation in algebra achievement.

Ayhan Kursat Erbas

2005-01-01

73

Turkish Students' Ideas about Global Warming  

Science.gov (United States)

A questionnaire was used to explore the prevalence of ideas about global warming in Year 10 (age 15-16 years) school students in Turkey. The frequencies of individual scientific ideas and misconceptions about the causes, consequences and "cures" of global warming were identified. In addition, several general findings emerged from this study.…

Kilinc, Ahmet; Stanisstreet, Martin; Boyes, Edward

2008-01-01

74

LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGY PREFERENCES OF TURKISH STUDENTS  

OpenAIRE

A learning style is a preferred way of acquiring knowledge and processing information. Learning styles may differ depending on gender, age, or culture. Niles (1995) in his study “Cultural Differences in Learning Motivation and Learning Strategies” studied the cultural impact on learning strategies and found considerable differences between culturally different students.Providing evidence for the relationship between culture and learning strategy preference and use, this study aims at exam...

Selma Deneme

2008-01-01

75

Adaptation, validity and reliability of the Leahy Emotional Schema Scale Turkish version based on Turkish university students and workers  

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Full Text Available Objective: Emotional schema concept is developed for determining beliefs and attributions about emotions. The aim of this study was to examine validity and reliability of the Turkish version of ?Leahy Emotional Schema Scale? (LESS. Method: The sample consisted of 436 participants including students, workers and their relatives from various faculties of two Turkish universities. Translation, back-translation and pilot assessment of LESS Turkish version completed. Socio-demographic data form, LESS Turkish version and short form of the Metacognition Questionnaire (MCQ-30 were administered to participants. For reliability of LESS test-retest correlation, split-half technique, Cronbach?s alpha coefficient and item-dimension total score correlations were used. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation used for factor analysis and Pearson correlation analysis was used for convergent and divergent validity. Results: The mean age of participants was 22.5±4.84 years (age range: 18-53 years and 51.1% (n=223 were female. Statistically significant results supported LESS Turkish version?s reliability. Item-dimension total score correlation analyses revealed statistically significant correlation coefficients that show high internal consistency (Cronbach alpha = 0.86. Factor analysis revealed that LESS Turkish version, as the original version, had 14 dimensions, and these explained 56.8% of the total variance. In five dimensions, factor analysis showed inconsistency with original version of LESS. For convergent and divergent validity, we compared related subscales of LESS and MCQ-30 and revealed significant relations. Conclusion: The results of this study show that the Turkish version of LESS is a reliable and valid scale for the assessment of beliefs and attributions about emotions on non-clinical population.

K. Fatih Yavuz

2011-01-01

76

Condom-related beliefs among Turkish university students  

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Full Text Available Young people are at a high risk of contracting HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI. However, their rate of condom use is low. The purpose of the study is to investigate health beliefs affecting condom use among Turkish university students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from June to September of 2007. Two hundred and fifty-four (254 university students were interviewed using a questionnaire. A logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with condom use. Sixteen (16 percent of the females and 67 percent of the males used condoms during their last sexual intercourse. Failure to use a condom was related to a perceived reduction in sexual satisfaction [OR = 5.46 (1.69 – 17.60] and financial limitations [OR = 2.76 (1.46 – 5.20]. These data will be useful in designing and improving HIV/STD prevention programs in Turkey.

Serap Bulduk

2013-01-01

77

Problematic internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and internet activities  

OpenAIRE

This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.).Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610). The results indicate that the female students (N=358) had significant...

Melih Derya Gürer; Erkan Tekinarslan

2011-01-01

78

Factor structure of physical training of young volleyball players of 10-14 years old at the stage of initial and previous basic training.  

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Full Text Available In this article questions of efficiency of factorial analysis method for definition of informative values of our researches are considered. The obtained data has allowed to define level of values and to estimate how much chosen characteristic complex is effective for their use for the purpose of control of level of special physical qualification of young volleyball players at certain period of preparation. It is proved that structure of physical training of young players of 10-14 years old have dynamic variable character ad change depending on the age.

Vertel A.V.

2011-02-01

79

CT scan-guided percutaneous osteosynthesis of a complex, multifocal fracture of the pelvic girdle in a 14-year-old adolescent  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report on a 14-year-old girl with minimally displaced pelvic girdle and acetabular roof fracture following motor vehicle trauma, treated percutaneously under CT and C-arm fluoroscopic guidance by an interventional radiologist. After informed consent from the patient's parents, under surgical aseptic conditions and under general anesthesia, three screws were positioned adequately under dual guidance by a radiologist and without immediate or long-term complication. The patient was mobilized 48 h after the procedure and resumed normal activities after 1 month. Even though the technique has been described before on adults, to our knowledge this is the first time it has been described on a pediatric patient. (orig.)

80

Socioeconomic differences in selected dietary habits among Norwegian 13–14 year-olds: a cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Background: Social inequalities in health are a major and even growing problem in all European countries. Objective: The aim of the present study was to describe 1 differences in dietary habits among Norwegian adolescents by gender and socioeconomic status; 2 differences in self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines among their parents according to socioeconomic status. Design: In 2012, a cross-sectional study where students filled in a web-based food frequency questionnaire at school was conducted in nine lower secondary schools in Vest-Agder County, Norway. Socioeconomic status (SES and knowledge of dietary guidelines were obtained from the parents using a web-based questionnaire. In total, 517 ninth-grade students (mean age 13.9 out of 742 invited students participated in the study, giving a participation rate of 69.7%. The total number of dyads with information on both parents and students was 308 (41.5%. Results: The findings indicate that there is a tendency for girls to have a healthier diet than boys, with greater intake of fruits and vegetables (girls intake in median 3.5 units per day and boys 2.9 units per day, and lower intake of soft drinks (girls 0.25 l in median versus boys 0.5 l per week. Students from families with higher SES reported a significant higher intake of vegetables and fish, and lower intake of soft drinks and fast food than those from lower SES. Parents with higher SES reported a significantly better knowledge of dietary guidelines compared to those with lower SES. Conclusions: Differences in dietary habits were found between groups of students by gender and SES. Differences were also found in parents’ self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines. This social patterning should be recognized in public health interventions.

Madelene Skårdal

2014-07-01

81

Reliability and validity of a Self-Efficacy Scale for AIDS Prevention among Turkish university students.  

OpenAIRE

This study design determined the internal consistency, validity and factorial structure of the Turkish Self-Efficacy scale for AIDS (T-SEA-27). The 27 items scale firstly was translated into Turkish using back-translation method and the cultural equivalence was provided by expert views. Secondly, the psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on 507 university students. The test-retest reliability of the intraclass correlations was satisfactory in a subsample of 60 students tested af...

Serap Bulduk; Semra Erdo?an

2008-01-01

82

Validity and Reliability of the QIDS-SR16-Turkish in Comparison with BDI-II-Turkish Among Young Outpatient Sample of Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available Ob­jec­ti­ve: To evaluate the validity and reliability of 16-item self-report version of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS-SR16 scale in comparison with BDI-II-Turkish (BDI-II-T in a young sample of Turkish university students.Met­hods: A slightly modified version of the QIDS-SR16-Turkish (QIDS-SR16-T available at www.ids-qids.org, along with the BDI-II-T, was administered to 628 young Turkish university students who attended the Family Health Center in Uluda? University Campus between February and April 2010. Descriptive analyses, Student’s t-test, receiver operating characteristic (ROC analysis, and confirmatory factor analyses were used in the study.Re­sults: The mean age of the participants was 21.1±2.16 (SD years; 67.8% were female and 32.2% were male. Cronbach’s ? coefficient for internal consistency of the QIDS-SR16-T was found to be 0.769. The mean item-total correlation was 0.45, ranging from 0.29 to 0.71. The correlation between the BDI-II-T and QIDS-SR16-T was 0.72. ROC curve analysis suggested 9 as the optimal cut-off for a clinical depression level for the QIDS-SR16-T. Conc­lu­si­on: We observed that the QIDS-SR16-T demonstrated good psychometric properties in a sample of young Turkish students and has convergent validity with the BDI-II-T, a widely used scale for depression. It is essential to diagnose reliably the major depressive disorder and to follow up the patients by valid screening instruments in primary care setting. The internal consistencies of the QIDS determined in studies from the United States were greater than our Cronbach’s ? coefficient, but there was no statistically significant difference between them (z=0.55, p>0.05. The QIDS-SR16-T can be reliably used in primary care settings. (Arc­hi­ves of Neu­ropsy­chi­atry 2012;49: 1-5

Kurtulu? Öngel

2012-03-01

83

Secondary nonmonosymptomatic enuresis diurna as the first manifestation of transitional cell papillary carcinoma of the bladder in a 14-year-old girl  

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Full Text Available A 14-year-old girl presented with secondary nonmonosymptomatic enuresis diurna and urge incontinence. The patient had no history of medical, psychological or behavioral problems. Systemic physical and neurological examinations and laboratory investigations revealed no abnormality. An ultrasound showed an intravesical tumor that was subsequently excised. Histopathology revealed transitional cell papillary bladder carcinoma of low-grade malignancy. All previously reported cases have presented with the symptoms of gross hematuria or urinary tract infection. To our knowledge, this case represents the first childhood case of transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder presenting with secondary nonmonosymptomatic enuresis diurna and urge incontinence. Additionally, our experience with the above case suggests that the investigation of secondary enuresis symptoms should be thorough and include a cystoscopic examination.

Hale Sakall?

2012-09-01

84

CT scan-guided percutaneous osteosynthesis of a complex, multifocal fracture of the pelvic girdle in a 14-year-old adolescent  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report on a 14-year-old girl with minimally displaced pelvic girdle and acetabular roof fracture following motor vehicle trauma, treated percutaneously under CT and C-arm fluoroscopic guidance by an interventional radiologist. After informed consent from the patient's parents, under surgical aseptic conditions and under general anesthesia, three screws were positioned adequately under dual guidance by a radiologist and without immediate or long-term complication. The patient was mobilized 48 h after the procedure and resumed normal activities after 1 month. Even though the technique has been described before on adults, to our knowledge this is the first time it has been described on a pediatric patient. (orig.)

Gagne, Pierre-Thomas; Bertrand, Anne-Sophie; Caudal, Amandine; El Hayek, Tony; Amoretti, Nicolas [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, Nice (France)

2014-08-15

85

Primary desmoplastic small round cell tumor of the kidney: a case report in a 14-year-old girl with molecular confirmation.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) arising in the kidney of a 14-year-old female. The subject presented with gross hematuria. Medical imaging uncovered a left renal mass without regional or metastatic extension. The tumor showed morphological, immunohistochemical, and molecular features of DSRCT. Immunostaining revealed polyphenotypic differentiation. Molecular analysis detected the fusion transcript resulting from the t(11;22)(p13;q12) reciprocal translocation, which characterized this neoplasm. Desmoplastic small round cell tumor is a rare, aggressive neoplasm that mainly affects young males and that usually presents with widespread abdominal serosal involvement. This unusual localization should lead one to consider this tumor in the differential diagnosis of small blue round cell tumors of the kidney. PMID:17638432

Collardeau-Frachon, Sophie; Ranchère-Vince, Dominique; Delattre, Olivier; Hoarau, Stelly; Thiesse, Philippe; Dubois, Rémi; Bergeron, Christophe; Dijoud, Frédérique; Bouvier, Raymonde

2007-01-01

86

An EGS4-ready tomographic computational model of a 14-year-old female torso for calculating organ doses from CT examinations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fifty-four consecutive CT scans have been used to construct a tomographic computational model of a 14-year-old female torso suitable for the determination of organ doses from CT. The model, known as ADELAIDE, is in the form of an input file compatible with user codes based on XYZDOS.MOR from the readily available EGS4 Monte Carlo radiation transport code. ADELAIDE's dimensions are close to the Australian averages for her age so the model is representative of a 14-year-old girl. The realistic anatomy in the model differs considerably from that in Cristy's 15-year-old mathematical computational model by having realistically shaped organs that are appropriately located within a real external contour. Average absorbed dose to organs from simulated CT examinations of the chest and abdomen have been calculated for ADELAIDE using EGS4 within a geometry specific to the General Electric Hi-Speed Advantage CT scanner and using an x-ray spectrum calculated using data from the scanner's x-ray tube. The simulations include the scanner's beam shaping filter and patient table. It is suggested that the resulting values have fewer possible sources of uncertainty than organ doses derived from dose coefficients calculated for a MIRD style model with mathematical anatomy and a spectrum that may not match that of the scanner. The organ doses were normalized using the scanner's CTDI measured free-in-air and an EGS4 simulation of the CTDI measurement. Effective dose to the torso from 26-slit. Effective dose to the torso from 26-slice chest and 24-slice abdomen examinations (at 120 kV, 200 mAs, 7 mm slices) is 4.6±0.1mSv and 4.3±0.1mSv respectively. (author)

87

An Investigation of Visual Reading Activities in Student Workbooks of 1st – 5th Grades Turkish Course  

OpenAIRE

This study aims at investigating the situation of visual reading outcomes of 1st -5th grades Turkish Course in student workbook activities and the coherence between theactivities and outcomes. In this study, visual reading outcomes in Primary Education TurkishCourse Curriculum and those outcomes related with activities in “Turkish Course StudentWorkbooks” written by The Ministry of National Education in 2007 for 1st -5th grades wereinvestigated through documentary analysis. For data analy...

C?am Aktas?, Bilge

2010-01-01

88

Experiences of Turkish Student Teachers in Pedagogy and Educational Technology during an Internship Program in the US  

Science.gov (United States)

This quantitative research study was conducted to examine technological and pedagogical experiences of Turkish student teachers in a US Department of State sponsored international internship program. The internship program had a specific emphasis on student-centered teaching and technology integration. Turkish interns completed a 6-week teaching…

Sahin, Ismail; Toy, Serkan

2009-01-01

89

Turkish High School Students' Biology Achievement in Relation to Academic Self-Regulation  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed at investigating the contribution of motivational beliefs, cognitive, and metacognitive strategy use to Turkish high school students' achievement in biology. In order to investigate the specified purpose of the study, 519 tenth-grade students were administered the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (Pintrich, Smith,…

Yumusak, Necmettin; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale

2007-01-01

90

The Assessment of the Perception of the Academic Self Efficacy of Turkish Education Graduate Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this research is to determine the perception of the academic self efficacy of Turkish Education graduate students. This study applied qualitative research approach and interview method. Master's students of Erciyes University, Institute of Education Science were chosen as a sample for the purpose, using clustering method. In…

Gocer, Ali

2013-01-01

91

The Effects of Impetuous, Exploratory, and Overall Indecisiveness on Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This research was conducted in order to determine the relationships between levels of indecisiveness and their self-esteem among Turkish university students. The study was designed and implemented in 2006 with 320 voluntary university students of whom 170 were females and 150 males in Giresun, Turkey. The Personal Indecisiveness Scale (PIS;…

Sari, Enver

2007-01-01

92

Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children.…

Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

2012-01-01

93

Parental education, body mass index and prevalence of obesity among 14-year-old boys between 1987 and 1997 in Wroclaw, Poland  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The main aim of this study was to examine changes in relative weight and prevalence of obesity across a ten-year period among 14-year-old boys according to parental education level. Data from two surveys, carried out in 1987 and 1997, of boys attending the 7th grade of primary schools in Wroclaw were used in the analysis. The heights and weights of 3165 boys aged 14 years selected from cohort of 6969 7th and 8th grade boys from all primary schools of the city Wroclaw were used. The data of the second sample of 14-year-old boys (n = 1014) were obtained from a health examination study carried out in the Silesian Centre for Preventive Medicine, 'DOLMED', in Wroclaw in 1997. All boys attended the 7th grade of 34 randomly selected primary schools from a total of 129 schools in the city of Wroclaw. Social status was assessed on the basis of parental education level scored to four categories: university, secondary school, trade school, and elementary school. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was defined as the percentage of children above the 85th and 95th percentiles of the body mass index (BMI), the means of which were 21.27 and 23.75 kg/m2 respectively. Prevalence of overweight among boys is slightly lower in the 1997 sample, whereas the prevalence of obesity shows the opposite trend and is higher by more than one percent in comparison with the 1987 sample. Similar trends of declining medians and increasing variance are observed in all educational groupsnce are observed in all educational groups. The differences in medians between the two samples within educational groups did not achieve statistical significance for the groups with parents with education at elementary level and fathers with university education. There is a trend toward increasing prevalence of obesity across the decade considered, according to father's education level. With respect to mother's education levels, the most dramatic changes in BMI and obesity occurred in the elementary education group, where the percentage of obese subjects increased more than twofold. A significant increase is also observed in the group with parents attaining university education

94

Popliteal artery injury following traumatic knee joint dislocation in a 14-year-old boy: A case report and review of the literature  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Posterior knee joint dislocation associated with injury of the popliteal artery in children is an extremely rare condition. Rapid diagnosis and treatment are essential for limb salvage and function. Case report. We reported a 14-year-old boy who suffered traumatic displacement of the right knee and contusion of the popliteal artery during motorcycle accident. The diagnosis was confirmed using Doppler and duplex ultrasonography and digital substraction transfemoral arteriography. The urgent surgical procedure was performed using posterior approach to the popliteal artery. During the surgical exploration, rupture of the posterior cruciate ligament associated with thrombosed popliteal artery have been found. The damaged popliteal artery was resected and replaced with autologous saphenous vein graft. The last stage of the procedure was a transosseous femoral fixation of posterior circuate ligament. A 3-year-follow-up after the surgery demonstrated intact arterial perfusion and very good function of the knee with a minimal difference as compared with the contralateral knee. Conclusion. Combined orthopedic and vascular injuries are very rare in children. They require combined treatment. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175008

Cvetkovi? Slobodan

2014-01-01

95

Spinal epidural en-plaque meningioma with an unusual pattern of calcification in a 14-year-old girl: case report and review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 14-year-old girl who presented with a severe sensory-motor-sphincter syndrome was found to be harboring an epidural tumor situated posteriorly in the spinal canal from C5 through C7 levels. The mass had computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging features suggesting an unusual stratified architecture, with a conspicuous highly calcific component firmly adherent to the dura and a non-calcific mass surrounding it posteriorly and laterally. Although meningiomas have a low incidence in the first two decades of life, and in the spine they rarely have entirely extradural location at any age, a meningioma was suspected. Intraoperative biopsy confirmed the tumor to be benign, and careful total resection including the whole large dural implant was carried out; the wide dural defect was grafted with fascia lata. A meningothelial meningioma with a largely calcified psammomatous component was diagnosed. The girl made a complete recovery, and is tumor-free 9 years postoperatively. Outcome from surgery for spinal meningiomas can be good, despite the severity of the preoperative condition; however, enplaque and highly calcific tumors still bear a poorer prognosis. Complete resection is mandatory in children, in whom they are extremely rare. Modern imaging techniques help in making a correct initial diagnosis and optimizing surgery in order to provide good results, even in more-challenging cases. PMID:11942384

Messori, A; Rychlicki, F; Salvolini, U

2002-03-01

96

Spinal epidural en-plaque meningioma with an unusual pattern of calcification in a 14-year-old girl: case report and review of the literature  

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A 14-year-old girl who presented with a severe sensory-motor-sphincter syndrome was found to be harboring an epidural tumor situated posteriorly in the spinal canal from C5 through C7 levels. The mass had computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging features suggesting an unusual stratified architecture, with a conspicuous highly calcific component firmly adherent to the dura and a non-calcific mass surrounding it posteriorly and laterally. Although meningiomas have a low incidence in the first two decades of life, and in the spine they rarely have entirely extradural location at any age, a meningioma was suspected. Intraoperative biopsy confirmed the tumor to be benign, and careful total resection including the whole large dural implant was carried out; the wide dural defect was grafted with fascia lata. A meningothelial meningioma with a largely calcified psammomatous component was diagnosed. The girl made a complete recovery, and is tumor-free 9 years postoperatively. Outcome from surgery for spinal meningiomas can be good, despite the severity of the preoperative condition; however, en-plaque and highly calcific tumors still bear a poorer prognosis. Complete resection is mandatory in children, in whom they are extremely rare. Modern imaging techniques help in making a correct initial diagnosis and optimizing surgery in order to provide good results, even in more-challenging cases. (orig.)

Messori, A.; Salvolini, U. [Department of Neuroradiology, Universita degli Studi di Ancona (Italy); Rychlicki, F. [Department of Neurosurgery, Universita degli Studi di Ancona (Italy)

2002-03-01

97

Spinal epidural en-plaque meningioma with an unusual pattern of calcification in a 14-year-old girl: case report and review of the literature  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 14-year-old girl who presented with a severe sensory-motor-sphincter syndrome was found to be harboring an epidural tumor situated posteriorly in the spinal canal from C5 through C7 levels. The mass had computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging features suggesting an unusual stratified architecture, with a conspicuous highly calcific component firmly adherent to the dura and a non-calcific mass surrounding it posteriorly and laterally. Although meningiomas have a low incidence in the first two decades of life, and in the spine they rarely have entirely extradural location at any age, a meningioma was suspected. Intraoperative biopsy confirmed the tumor to be benign, and careful total resection including the whole large dural implant was carried out; the wide dural defect was grafted with fascia lata. A meningothelial meningioma with a largely calcified psammomatous component was diagnosed. The girl made a complete recovery, and is tumor-free 9 years postoperatively. Outcome from surgery for spinal meningiomas can be good, despite the severity of the preoperative condition; however, en-plaque and highly calcific tumors still bear a poorer prognosis. Complete resection is mandatory in children, in whom they are extremely rare. Modern imaging techniques help in making a correct initial diagnosis and optimizing surgery in order to provide good results, even in more-challenging cases. (orig.)

98

Turkish students' scientific literacy scores: A multilevel analysis of data from Program for International Student Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

A vast majority of the studies exploring the associations between student and school related factors and standardized test scores were conducted in developed countries. On the other hand, research suggests that the generalization of the findings of those studies to developing countries often leads to incorrect conclusions. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of selected student- and school-level factors on 15-year old Turkish students' scientific literacy achievement. The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2006 database was utilized to explore (a) if there were differences among schools in terms of their mean scientific literacy scores, (b) which student-level factors can explain the differences in students' scores within a particular school, and (c) which school-level factors can explain the scientific literacy differences between schools. Hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) method was selected as the analytic method due to its usefulness in exploring relationships between a dependent variable and sets of layered independent variables. While the dependent variable of the study was represented by five plausible scores, independent variables consisted of 25 variables. Among those predictors, 15 were measured at student-level (level 1) and grouped in 4 clusters (background characteristics, teaching and learning factors, affective factors, and out-of school science related activities), and the remaining variables were measured at level 2 and grouped under two clusters (school resources and school context). The results of the study indicated that more than half of the variation in students' scientific literacy scores occurred among schools. While eight student-level variables---grade, economic, social and cultural status, general and personal value of science, responsibility for sustainable development, science self-efficacy, in-school time spent on science learning, and hands-on activities---explained about one-third of the variation at the student-level, three school-level predictors---school sector, mean economic, social and cultural status, and mean in-school time spent on learning---accounted for more than 70% of the variation at that level. Several findings of the present study were different than what mainstream research suggested. Instrumental motivation and interest in science were found to be insignificant in predicting scientific literacy of Turkish students; while the students' perceptions about the general value of science had a positive association with scientific literacy, their perceptions on the personal value of science had a negative association. Many factors included in the teaching and learning cluster had either no relationship (investigations and interactions) or negative relationship (hands-on experiences) with the scientific literacy of Turkish students. Teacher-student ratio, lack of instructional resources, and science teacher shortage were among the non-significant predictors of Turkish students' PISA scores.

Yilmaz, Haci Bayram

2009-12-01

99

Diagnosing the EAP needs of Turkish medical students: A longitudinal critical needs analysis  

OpenAIRE

This study uses a longitudinal critical needs analysis to diagnose the English for academic purposes (EAP) needs of Turkish medical students seeking proficiency in medical English and contribute to needs analysis methodology. The data were collected from medical students and specialists. To obtain valid and reliable information about medical students’ needs, three types of instruments were used: ethnographic methods, including sustained observation and participation in a research setting; r...

Neslihan Önder Özdemir

2014-01-01

100

The biological age of 14-year-old boys and success in adult soccer: do early maturers predominate in the top-level game?  

Science.gov (United States)

Talent identification and development in soccer is often biased by maturation-related differences of young athletes. However, there is no information available about success rates for youth maturing at different tempos to achieve success in elite adult soccer. The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of different maturational groups among boys playing soccer, and to track them for competence in adult performance. A prospective cohort study design was used to follow 55, 14-year-old boys playing in Serbian youth soccer Division I over eight years. At the age of 14, biological age using skeletal age rates was determined, and participants were categorized as early maturers (EaM), normal maturers (NoM), and late maturers (LaM). Game competence for adult soccer at age 22 was described as elite if an individual played for clubs competing in top-five international soccer leagues (La Liga, Premier League, Bundesliga, Serie A, and Ligue 1), and/or has become a member of an adult National team. Among boys in our study group, 43.8% were categorized as EaM, 35.4% as NoM, and 20.8% as LaM (P = 0.11). A significant difference in biological age was found among maturational groups at age 14, with EaM > NoM > LaM (P > 0.0001). When assessed for adult soccer competence, 33.3% of participants (16 out of 48 players) succeed in achieving elite level. Elite soccer competence acquired 60.1% players from the group of LaM, 38.1% from NoM, and 11.8% from EaM (P > 0.0001). Our comparative analysis suggests that soccer excludes early maturing boys and favors late maturing boys as level of performance increases. PMID:25295477

Ostojic, Sergej M; Castagna, Carlo; Calleja-González, Julio; Jukic, Igor; Idrizovic, Kemal; Stojanovic, Marko

2014-01-01

101

Renal medullary AA amyloidosis, hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleated hepatocytes in a 14-year-old free-ranging lioness (Panthera leo  

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Full Text Available A 14-year-old lioness, originating from Etosha in Namibia, and a member of a pride in Pilanesberg National Park since translocation in 1994, was euthanased due to fight-related vertebral fracture and spinal injury, incurred approximately 6-8 weeks previously. Blood specimens collected at the time of death showed mild anaemia and a leukogram reflecting stress and chronic infection. Necropsy conducted within 2 hours of death was on a dehydrated, emaciated animal with hindquarter wasting and chronic traumatic friction injuries from dragging her hindlegs. There was cellulitis in the region of bite-wounds adjacent to the thoraco-lumbar vertebral fracture, at which site there was spinal cord compression, and there was marked intestinal helminthiasis. The outer renal medullae appeared pale and waxy and the liver was macroscopically unremarkable. Histopathology and electron microscopy of the kidneys revealed multifocal to coalescing deposits of proximal medullary interstitial amyloid, which fluoresced strongly with thioflavine T, and was sensitive to potassium permanganate treatment prior to Congo Red staining, thus indicating inflammatory (AA origin. There was diffuse hepatocyte dissociation, as well as numerous binucleated and scattered multinucleated (up to 8 nuclei/cell hepatocytes, with swollen hepatocyte mitochondria, in liver examined light microscopically. Ultrastructurally, the mono-, bi- and multinucleated hepatocytes contained multifocal irregular membrane-bound accumulations of finely-granular, amorphous material both intra-cytoplasmically and intra-nuclearly, as well as evidence of irreversible mitochondrial injury. The incidence and relevance in cats and other species of amyloidosis, particularly with renal medullary distribution, as well as of hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleation, as reported in selected literature, is briefly overviewed and their occurrence in this lioness is discussed.

M. Momberg

2012-06-01

102

Granular cell tumor of the thyroid: Clinical and pathological characteristics of a rare case in a 14-year-old girl  

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Granular cell tumors (GCTs) are soft tissue neoplasms that originate in the nervous system, which may arise anywhere in the body. However, GCTs are extremely uncommon in thyroid tumors, with a favorable prognosis. The diagnosis of GCTs is dependent on pathological and immunohistochemical analysis and at present, surgical resection is considered the only suitable treatment. Regular follow-up after surgery is an important way to monitor treatment outcome and recurrence. The present study describes a new pathological type of thyroid GCTs diagnosed by pathology and immunohistochemistry. A 14-year-old female was referred to the West China Hospital of Sichuan University (Chengdu, China), for thyroid incidentaloma. Laboratory examinations were within the normal range. Thyroid sonography demonstrated a solid hypoechoic mass in the right lobe of the thyroid. Fine needle aspiration cytology showed a suspicious malignant tumor and subsequently a total thyroidectomy was performed. Analysis of frozen sections, from obtained samples, did not facilitate a definite diagnosis. Finally, a thyroid benign granular tumor with atypical changes was diagnosed by postoperative pathology and immunohistochemistry. A 14-month post-operative follow-up showed that the patient experienced a stable recovery and had no signs of recurrence or metastasis. The case emphasizes that the diagnosis of thyroid granular cell tumors is predominantly based on postoperative morphology and immunophenotype. The clinical routine for the differential diagnosis may be due to: (i) neoplasms displaying a granular appearance mimicking granular cell tumors, or (ii) differential diagnosis in the pathological category of granular cell tumors. Further accumulation of such rare cases may be of clinical significance in aiding the diagnosis and treatment of GCTs.

DU, ZHEN-HONG; QIU, HONG-YAN; WEI, TAO; ZHU, JING-QIANG

2015-01-01

103

A Comparative Study of Turkish Elementary and Science Education Major Students' Knowledge Levels at the Popular Biotechnological Issues  

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The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of popular biotechnological issues of Turkish science and elementary teacher candidates. A questionnaire was administered during 2006-2007 school term to 336 students pursuing their education in the departments of science and elementary education in two Turkish universities. The…

Turkmen, Lutfullah; Darcin, Emine Selcen

2007-01-01

104

Attitudes of Turkish Parents, Pediatric Residents, and Medical Students toward Child Disciplinary Practices  

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Objective: The aims of the study were to: determine the attitudes of parents, pediatric residents, and medical students from a Turkish population toward childhood disciplinary methods; ascertain the association of participants' abusive childhood history with their attitudes toward discipline; and assess their attitudes about disciplinary actions,…

Orhon, Filiz Simsek; Ulukol, Betul; Bingoler, Bahar; Gulnar, Sevgi Baskan

2006-01-01

105

Turkish School Students and Global Warming: Beliefs and Willingness to Act  

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One aim of environmental education is to persuade people to act in more pro-environmental ways. However, there is not a linear relationship between environmental knowledge "in general" and a willingness to act pro-environmentally. This research explores, using a specially-devised questionnaire, Turkish school students' beliefs about the benefits…

Kilinc, Ahmet; Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin

2011-01-01

106

Factors Mediating the Effect of Gender on Ninth-Grade Turkish Students' Misconceptions Concerning Electric Circuits  

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This study was designed to identify and analyze possible factors that mediate the effect of gender on ninth-grade Turkish students' misconceptions concerning electric circuits. A Simple Electric Circuit Concept Test (SECCT), including items with both practical and theoretical contexts, and an Interest-Experience Questionnaire about Electricity…

Sencar, Selen; Eryilmaz, Ali

2004-01-01

107

Turkish University Students' Motivation to Learn English: Integration into International Community  

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This article explores Turkish university students' motivation and orientations toward learning English in a globalizing world. The study utilizes questionnaire responses and a focus group interview. Factor analysis of questionnaire data revealed three independent orientations, namely, "Integration into International Community," "Integration into…

Bektas-Cetinkaya, Yesim

2012-01-01

108

The Consequences of Internet Cafe use on Turkish College Students' Social Capital  

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This paper draws on a part of the doctoral research study that investigates the potential impacts of Internet cafe use on Turkish college students' social capital. In this study, Internet cafe usage was portrayed by the amount of time spent and the frequency of online activities engaged at the cafes. Social capital, on the other hand, was…

Koc, Mustafa; Ferneding, Karen Ann

2007-01-01

109

Problematic Internet Use among Turkish University Students: A Multidimensional Investigation Based on Demographics and Internet Activities  

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This study investigated the Turkish undergraduate university students' problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.). Moreover, the study explored some predictors of…

Tekinarslan, Erkan; Gurer, Melih Derya

2011-01-01

110

A cross-curricular physical activity intervention to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in 11-14 year olds: 'Activity Knowledge Circuit'  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease have been shown to track from childhood through to adulthood. Previous school-based physical activity interventions have demonstrated modest improvements to cardiovascular disease risk factors by implementing extra-curricular activities or improving current physical education curriculum. Few have attempted to increase physical activity in class-room taught curriculum subjects. This study will outline a school-based cross-curricular physical activity intervention to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in 11-14 year old children. Method/Design A South Wales Valley school of low socio-economic status has been selected to take part. Participants from year eight (12-13 years are to be assigned to an intervention group, with maturation-matched participants from years seven (11-12 years and nine (13-14 years assigned to a control group. A cross-curricular physical activity intervention will be implemented to increase activity by two hours a week for 18 weeks. Participants will briskly walk 3200 m twice weekly during curriculum lessons (60 minutes duration. With the exception of physical education, all curriculum subjects will participate, with each subject delivering four intervention lessons. The intervention will be performed outdoors and on school premises. An indoor course of equal distance will be used during adverse weather conditions. Cardiovascular disease risk factors will be measured pre- and post-intervention for intervention and control groups. These will take place during physical education lessons and will include measures of stature, mass, waist, hip, and neck circumferences, together with skinfold measure's taken at four sites. Blood pressure will be measured, and fitness status assessed via the 20 m multi-stage fitness test. Questionnaires will be used to determine activity behaviour (physical activity questionnaire for adolescence, diet (seven day food diary and maturation status. Fasting blood variables will include total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, glucose, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, adiponectin, and fibrinogen. Motivational variables and psychological well-being will be assessed by questionnaire. Discussion Our study may prove to be a cost effective strategy to increase school time physical activity to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in children. Trial Registration [NCT00998478

Rees Anwen

2009-12-01

111

Relationship Between Occurrence of Guillan-Barre Syndrome and Mass Campaign of Measles and Rubella Immunization in Iranian 5-14 Years Old Children  

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Full Text Available Objective: Several case reports and epidemiologic studies have reported a relation between different vaccines including measles, rubella, and mumps and Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS. In this study we investigated relation between receiving measles and/or rubella vaccines and occurrence of Guillain- Barre syndrome after national immunization campaign in 2003 in Iran.Material & Methods: In this study we used National Surveillance system for acute flaccid paralysis data from the beginning of 2002 to the end of 2004. We studied 5-14 year-old children. Three-year time span of the study was divided into fifteen 10 weeks periods, and number of reported and approved cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome in each time period has been analyzed supposing their distribution was according to Poisson distribution. One of time periods has been chosen in a manner that its first 4 weeks included embedded National Immunization and following 6 weeks were designated for covering incubation period of Guillin- Barre syndrome.Findings: Of total 553 reported flaccid paralysis cases in 5-15 year-old children 370 were approved to be Guillain- Barre (~67%. Estimated average incidence of Guillain-Barre syndrome in <15 year-olds is 1/100,000/year (95% CI: 0.88-13, and in 5-15 year-old children is 0.6/100,000/year (95% CI: 0.58-083. Thus, number of expected cases in 25 cases each 10 weeks time period was 23.8 of GBS that were reported in the time period which coincided with immunization campaign. Probability of occurring ?25 cases of GBS in that time period according to Poison distribution with expected case numbers of 23.8 is equal to 0.43 (P=0.43.Conclusion: Yearly incidence rate of GBS in this study was similar to other studies. According to our results, there was no increase in GBS incidence in the 4 weeks national Immunization Campaign and 6 weeks after it in comparison to other 10 weeks periods before or after this time period.

Mohammad-Nasr Dadras

112

DEVOLOPING A SURVEY ON 6TH GRADE STUDENTS’ AWARENESS OF LISTENING SKILLS IN TURKISH CLASSES  

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Full Text Available In this study it is aimed to build up a measurement for finding out 6th grade students’ awareness of listening skills in Turkish classes (In other words, how they find themselves about their listening skills.Sample group is taken from 4 primary public schools of Ministry of National Education in Erzurum, consisting of 6th grade students from different socio-economical groups. Components of the scale is reflected as Likert Type scale (always, often, sometimes, never. After the findings from validity and reliability studies, it can be concluded that the ‘survey’ that is prepared to find out the awareness of the 6th grade students’ listening skills in Turkish classes , is a valid and reliable instrument.

Abdullah ?AH?N

2009-10-01

113

Financial literacy among Turkish college students: the role of formal education, learning approaches, and parental teaching.  

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This study assessed financial literacy and its correlates among Turkish college students, with special emphasis on the role of formal education, learning approaches, and parental influences. Financial literacy was measured by the College Student Financial Literacy Survey, which assesses knowledge in four areas: general financial management, saving and borrowing, insurance, and investing. 853 Turkish university students were administered the survey (416 men, 437 women; M age = 20.3 yr., SD = 0.6). The mean percentage of correct responses was 45% (SD = 12.8%). Regression results showed that formal finance education in college, a deep approach to learning, and direct financial teaching by parents were significantly associated with higher financial literacy scores. PMID:25153844

Akben-Selcuk, Elif; Altiok-Yilmaz, Ayse

2014-10-01

114

VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT OF TURKISH STUDENTS AGED BETWEEN 7 AND 9  

OpenAIRE

The potential of thoughts which is possible for a person who speaks a particular language are accepted to be equal to the conceptual content of that language; “dictionary” containing the sum of the concepts. It means that “the things that a person can think are limited to the possibilities in the language he/she speaks and the thoughts of the person who speaks the language has to act within the limits of that language’s potential.”In terms of Turkish language, it is seen that Turkis...

Pi?lanci, Hu?lya

2009-01-01

115

Comportamiento de las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales en niños de 9 a 14 años / Behavior of dentomaxillofacial anomalies in children from 9 to 14 years old  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales comprenden las alteraciones de crecimiento, desarrollo y fisiologísmo de los componentes anatómicos que conforman el sistema estomatognático. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 150 niños de 9 a 14 años de edad, de las escuelas atendidas en la Clínica [...] Estomatológica "Antonio Briones Montoto" de Pinar del Río, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2008 y julio de 2009, con el objetivo de identificar la prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales según las variables seleccionadas y el comportamiento según los antecedentes patológicos individuales. La muestra se seleccionó a través de un muestreo aleatorio estratificado proporcional al tamaño de los estratos. Los niños fueron examinados en sus aulas, con luz natural, usando depresores linguales. La información recogida fue recopilada en una base de datos mediante Microsoft Excel, y se procesó por el programa estadístico Statistical Package for the Social Science Versión 10.0 para Windows. Se realizó la comparación de proporciones de grupos independientes con el objetivo de determinar las variables de prevalencia más significativas y la prueba Ji cuadrado en su variante de independencia para verificar la relación entre las categorías seleccionadas. Las anomalías dentarias fueron las alteraciones más prevalentes. El sexo más afectado fue el masculino, así como el grupo de edades de 9-11 años. Entre los factores etiológicos estudiados los hábitos fueron los más frecuentes seguido de los agentes físicos. Se concluye que existe una alta prevalencia de anomalías dentarias en estrecha relación con los hábitos deformantes. Abstract in english Dentomaxillofacial anomalies include growing alterations, development and the physiology of the anatomical components that constitute the stomatognathic system. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with 150 children from 9 to 14 years old of the schools attending at "Antonio Briones Mo [...] ntoto" Dentist Clinic in Pinar del Rio, during January 2008-July 2009. The study was aimed at identifying the prevalence of dentomaxillofacial anomalies regarding chosen variables and the behavior according to individual past pathologies. The sample was taken using a stratified, at random, and proportional to the stratus size sampling. Children were examined in their classrooms, with natural light and using lingual depressor. The information was collected in a database by means of Microsoft Excel, processing it by the statistical program of Statistical Package for the Social Science, Version 10.0 to Windows. A comparison of proportions of independent groups was performed with the purpose of determining the most significant variables of prevalence and chi-square test in its variance of independence to verify the relation among the chosen categories. Dental anomalies were the most prevalent anomalies. Male sex and the age bracket of 9-11 prevailed. Among the etiological factors studied, the habits were the most frequent followed by physical agents; observing a high prevalence of dental anomalies in close relation to deforming habits.

Yairis, Duque Alberro; Arlene L, Corrales León; Yolaini, Pulido Valladares; Anay, Rezk Díaz.

2011-09-01

116

Prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales en los niños menores de 14 años / Prevalence of dento-maxillofacial anomalies in children younger than 14 years old  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las anomalías de la oclusión son la tercera causa de la pérdida de dientes en el mundo y consideradas un factor importante que atenta contra la integridad del sistema estomatognático. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 150 niños de 9 a 14 años de edad, de la escuela primaria "Pablo d [...] e la Torriente Brau" pertenecientes al área de salud de la Clínica Estomatológica "Antonio Briones Montoto" de Pinar del Río. El objetivo de esta investigación fue identificar la prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales según las variables seleccionadas, así como el comportamiento según los antecedentes patológicos individuales. La muestra se seleccionó a través de un muestreo aleatorio estratificado, proporcional al tamaño de los estratos. La información se registró en una base de datos mediante Microsoft Excel. Se realizó la comparación de proporciones de grupos independientes con el objetivo de determinar las variables de prevalencia más significativas y la prueba de Ji cuadrado para buscar la asociación entre dos variables independientes con un nivel de significación á=0.05. Las anomalías dentarias fueron las de mayor prevalencia, dentro de ellas, las versiones. El sexo más afectado fue el masculino así como el grupo de edades de 9 a 11 años de edad. Entre los factores etiológicos estudiados, los hábitos fueron los más frecuentes, seguido de los agentes físicos y la herencia. Se concluye que existe una alta prevalencia de anomalías dentarias en estrecha relación con los hábitos deformantes. Abstract in english The anomalies of dental occlusion are the third cause of teeth loss worldwide and are considered an important risk factor to the integrity of the stomatognathic system. A descriptive and cross-sectional research was conducted with 150 children from 9 to 14 years old who study at "Pablo de la Torrien [...] te Brau" Elementary School. This group of children belonged to "Antonio Briones Montoto" Dentistry Clinic, Pinar del Rio. This research was aimed at identifying the prevalence of dento-maxillofacial anomalies according to the chosen variables, and the behavior regarding individual pathologic records. The sample was chosen stratified at random, proportional to the size of strata. The information was collected in a database using Microsoft Excel. The comparison of independent proportion for groups and chi square test to find out the association between two independent variables with á=0.05 level of significance. Dental anomalies showed the highest prevalence, among them, the versions. Male sex and the group of ages from 9 to 11 were the most affected. Among the etiologic factors studied, deforming habits were the most frequent, followed by physical agents and inheritance. There exists a high prevalence of dental anomalies having a close relation to deforming habits.

Celeste, García Díaz; Yairis, Duque Alberro; Maribel, Llanes Serantes; Rosalina, Vinent González.

2011-06-01

117

TURKISH STUDENTS’ UNDERSTANDING OF TRANSPARENT AND OPAQUE IDIOMS IN ENGLISH IN READING AS WELL AS IN SPEAKING  

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Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the understanding of transparent and opaque English idiomatic expressions of Turkish students. In order to carry out the study, randomly selected 35 intermediate and 36 advanced level students in the Department of English Language and Literature at Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey, were given a 40-item containing Turkish version of idiomatic expressions and a 40-item containing English version of different idiomatic expressions. The students were wanted to write the equivalences in English and Turkish. According to the result of the study, Turkish students can understand transparent and common opaque idioms more easily. However, if the idioms are both opaque and uncommon, they cannot get their meanings if they haven’t learned them directly. The result of the study has indicated that there is no significant difference between intermediate and advanced students in understanding transparent, opaque/common and opaque/uncommon idioms, however, a significant difference has been observed between the subjects to transparent, opaque/common and opaque/uncommon idioms in both for the answers from Turkish to English and English to Turkish (p<0,001. The highest scores are those for the transparent idioms which are followed by opaque/common and opaque/uncommon, respectively.

Gencer ELKILIÇ

2008-10-01

118

The Effect of Problem Solving Teaching with Texts of Turkish Lesson on Students’ Problem Solving Skills  

OpenAIRE

In this research, by carrying out activities based on texts, effect of providing problem solving skill on students’ levels of problem solving attainment was tried to be identified. Research was performed according to pretest-posttest Experimental Model with Control Group, in 2008-2009 educational year at second grade of an elementary school in Denizli province. For nine weeks, four hours in a week, while teacher guide book was being followed in control group in Turkish language lesson, text...

Ilgin, Havva; Arslan, Derya

2012-01-01

119

A Study on the Factors That Affect Turkish Students' Reading Comprehension Skills  

OpenAIRE

Most of us often seem to read a piece of text, but we usually ignore using essential reading strategies during reading process. Thus, in this study a great deal of information was given about effective reading strategies to comprehend a passage or any other reading material in both native and foreign language. This study aims to show the significance of reading comprehension and the factors that affect the reading comprehension of Turkish students who want to improve their proficiency while r...

Aslan Y.

2011-01-01

120

AN EVALUATION ON THE ATTITUDES OF THE STUDENTS IN SECONDARYEDUCATION TO TURKISH LITERATURE  

OpenAIRE

The effective determination of education environment plays an important role in reaching the identified aims of educational activities. It can be said that the attitudes compose an important data area in turning the educational environments into these aims because attitudes which are psychological processes are directly related to success. The aim of this study is to determine the attitudes of the students in secondary education to Turkish Literature lessons. The working area designed in the ...

Erdem, Cem

2013-01-01

121

Reliability and validity of a Self-Efficacy Scale for AIDS Prevention among Turkish university students.  

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Full Text Available This study design determined the internal consistency, validity and factorial structure of the Turkish Self-Efficacy scale for AIDS (T-SEA-27. The 27 items scale firstly was translated into Turkish using back-translation method and the cultural equivalence was provided by expert views. Secondly, the psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on 507 university students. The test-retest reliability of the intraclass correlations was satisfactory in a subsample of 60 students tested after a 2-week interval. Psychometric analysis supported the reliability and validity of the T-SEA-27 scale and four subscales: refusing sexual intercourse (a= .97, questioning potential partners (a= .90, condom use (a= .74 and family related (a= .95. The self-efficacy score was significantly higher for those studying in health sciences, those who were not sexually active and the female students. Our outcomes showed that T-SEA-27 is a valid instrument in evaluating self-efficacy for HIV/AIDS in Turkish young people.

Serap Bulduk

2008-09-01

122

The Classification of the Probability Unit Ability Levels of the Eleventh Grade Turkish Students by Cluster Analysis  

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In this study, the probability unit ability levels of the eleventh grade Turkish students were classified through cluster analysis. The study was carried out in a high school located in Trabzon, Turkey during the fall semester of the 2011-2012 academic years. A total of 84 eleventh grade students participated. Students were taught about…

Ozyurt, Ozcan

2014-01-01

123

AN EVALUATION ON THE ATTITUDES OF THE STUDENTS IN SECONDARYEDUCATION TO TURKISH LITERATURE  

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Full Text Available The effective determination of education environment plays an important role in reaching the identified aims of educational activities. It can be said that the attitudes compose an important data area in turning the educational environments into these aims because attitudes which are psychological processes are directly related to success. The aim of this study is to determine the attitudes of the students in secondary education to Turkish Literature lessons. The working area designed in the survey model is composed of 400 students chosen from the secondary education in the central regions in Ankara. In this study, in determining reliability of the measurement results, Cronbach-Alfa methos is used and the value of Cronbach-Alfa is calculated as 71. It has been found out descriptive differences in the attitudes of the students in secondary education to Turkish Literature according to such factors as their type of school, class level and gender. It has been found out that the attitudes of the students in Anatolian Vocational High School and Anatolian Teacher Training High School are much more higher than the students in Anatolian and Science High School. Moreover, it has also been determined that the students consider the texts used in Turkish Literature classes as unexciting and tedious. As a result of these findings, it is suggested that the texts in the course books be prepared according to psychological conditions of the students and the necessary precautions be taken by the institutions which train teachers and related Ministries in order to increase the teachers’ competencies.

Cem ERDEM

2013-01-01

124

Problematic internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and internet activities  

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Full Text Available This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day, and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc..Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610. The results indicate that the female students (N=358 had significantly lower PIU levels on all dimensions (i.e., social comfort, loneliness/depression, diminished impulse control and distraction than those of the males (N=252. Furthermore, the results reveal that the students who use the Internet for entertainment (e.g., game chat and social networking purposes have significantly higher PIU levels on all dimensions than the students who do not use the Internet for such purposes. However, the students who use the Internet for educational purposes have a significantly lower PIU level on distraction dimension, and the students who use the Internet for information searching demonstrate a significantly lower PIU level on the dimension of diminished impulse control. Moreover, multiple regression analyses reveal that Internet activities such as chat, entertainment and social networking are significant predictors of the all dimensions of PIU.

Melih Derya Gürer

2011-03-01

125

Facebook addiction among Turkish college students: the role of psychological health, demographic, and usage characteristics.  

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This study explored Facebook addiction among Turkish college students and its behavioral, demographic, and psychological health predictors. The Facebook Addiction Scale (FAS) was developed and its construct validity was assessed through factor analyses. A total of 447 students reported their personal information and Facebook usage and completed the FAS and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). The results revealed that weekly time commitment, social motives, severe depression, and anxiety and insomnia positively predicted Facebook addiction. Neither demographic variables nor the interactions of gender by usage characteristics were found to be significant predictors. PMID:23286695

Koc, Mustafa; Gulyagci, Seval

2013-04-01

126

Food Attitudes towards Food Safety Concept among Turkish University Students  

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This study investigated university students? food choices focusing on their reported usual intake and food safety perceptions and conducted at Manisa Celal Bayar University Engineering Faculty, Science and Art Faculty and Education Faculty students. The present study primary investigated how affects the storage style, manufacturing qualification, shelf life and food safety concept, advertisement effect on consuming, natural and fortificated foods to university students. Meanwhile, faculty di...

Nihat Aycan; Suat Türko?uz; Amp Lu, O?zlem Toku Amp O.

2005-01-01

127

A Turkish Adaptation of the Student Version of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to adapt the student version of the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy (JSPE to Turkish medical students in order to assess its reliability and validity, and to analyze the gender and year differences.Materials and Methods: The student version of the JSPE was translated into Turkish using back-translation procedures, and was administered to 752 medical school students from the first to fifth years of study. To assess the dimensionality of the scale, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA for categorical data was carried out. Internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's alpha. Subscale scores were compared in terms of gender and year.Results: The three-dimensional structure of the JSPE was confirmed by CFA except item 18. The internal consistencies of the subscales were 0.83, 0.70 and 0.60, respectively. There were statistically significant gender and medical school year differences in terms of “perspective taking” and “compassionate care” scores.Conclusion: The student version of JSPE was successfully adapted, and the adapted scale can be used in Turkey. (Marmara Medical Journal 2012;25:87-92

Derya ÖZTUNA

2012-01-01

128

International communication via the Internet: Turkish nursing students' experiences.  

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This study involves an assignment given to first-year students at the Ege University School of Nursing in Turkey as part of a computer course. The assignment required students to obtain nursing and healthcare information about a foreign country via the Internet. The objective was to heighten global awareness while improving computer skills. The study was designed to assess the effectiveness of this teaching method, and to showcase the experiences and cooperation involved in knowledge-sharing by students in university schools of nursing around the world. Thirty-one contacts were established and information was exchanged between nursing students at 20 different universities in five countries. Despite some difficulties, the students' positive response indicates that this study was effective in developing cultural and computer competency. PMID:16027536

Yavuz, Meryem

2005-01-01

129

Effects of Screencasting on the Turkish Undergraduate Students' Achievement and Knowledge Acquisitions in Spreadsheet Applications  

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The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of screencasts on the Turkish undergraduate students' achievement and knowledge acquisitions in spreadsheet applications. The methodology of the study is based on a pretest-posttest experimental design with a control group. A total of 66 undergraduate students in two groups (n = 33 in…

Tekinarslan, Erkan

2013-01-01

130

The Effect of Turkish Students' Motivational Beliefs on Their Metacognitive Self-Regulation in Physics  

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It is emphasized in several studies that both domain specific factors and cultural values and beliefs could have an effect on students' metacognitive self-regulation and motivational beliefs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of motivational beliefs on Turkish students' metacognitive self-regulation in physics courses.…

Gurcay, Deniz; Balta, Ebru

2013-01-01

131

Learning Social Studies via Objects in Museums: Investigation into Turkish Elementary School Students' Lived Experiences  

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Based on a descriptive phenomenological research design, this study investigated Turkish elementary school students' experiences in learning social studies via objects in museums. After students visited four different museums during the teaching of three thematic units at sixth grade level, their lived experiences were elicited. Purposeful…

Yilmaz, Kaya; Filiz, Nilufer; Yilmaz, Ali

2013-01-01

132

Relationship of Internet addiction with impulsivity and severity of psychopathology among Turkish university students.  

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The previous studies have found a relationship between IA and both impulsivity and psychopathology when they were considered separately. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of Internet addiction (IA) with impulsivity and severity of psychopathology among Turkish university students. We also wanted to control the effect of impulsivity dimensions on the relationship between IA and psychopathology. A total of 319 university students from two universities in Ankara participated to the study. Students were assessed through the Internet Addiction Scale (IAS), the Symptom Checklist-Revised (SCL-90-R) and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11). Correlational analyses revealed that severity of IA was related to both SCL-90-R and BIS-11 scores. Among SCL-90-R subscales, severity of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) was the only predictor for IAS score. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that interpersonal sensitivity, additional to attentional and motor impulsiveness, was the predictor of IAS score. Although severity of IA is associated with wide range of psychopathology, particularly OCS, interpersonal sensitivity seems to be the main dimension that predict severity of IAS additional to impulsiveness (attentional and motor). Impulsivity seems to be an important construct when considering IA and its treatment among Turkish university students. PMID:23998359

Dalbudak, Ercan; Evren, Cuneyt; Topcu, Merve; Aldemir, Secil; Coskun, Kerem Senol; Bozkurt, Muge; Evren, Bilge; Canbal, Metin

2013-12-30

133

Food Attitudes towards Food Safety Concept among Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available This study investigated university students? food choices focusing on their reported usual intake and food safety perceptions and conducted at Manisa Celal Bayar University Engineering Faculty, Science and Art Faculty and Education Faculty students. The present study primary investigated how affects the storage style, manufacturing qualification, shelf life and food safety concept, advertisement effect on consuming, natural and fortificated foods to university students. Meanwhile, faculty differences, sex (male, female and age differences, living area, family features (parent living style, education, brother and sister number etc. of students were determined. In addition, consuming frequency of extensively consumed beverages (soft drinks, cola, tea, coffee, alcoholic drinks and bread as main consuming food were investigated based on sex and faculty criteria as daily, weekly, monthly.

Nihat Aycan

2005-01-01

134

Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools  

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Full Text Available Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire. Results of the study showed that nonsmoking students reported the most favorable opinions toward the issues questioned, whereas occasional smokers and regular smokers reported the least favorable opinions. The highest level of disagreement by smokers and nonsmokers was provided for banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria. Students generally agreed on that teachers should not smoke in the classrooms and in their offices with doors open. Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies embracing indoors and outdoors and identification and use of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation programs and services.

Esra Keloglu-Isler

2007-01-01

135

Effect of aromatherapy massage on dysmenorrhea in Turkish students.  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy massage on dysmenorrhea. The study used a quasiexperimental design with the subjects as their own control. Every participant applied both aromatherapy massage with lavender oil and placebo massage with odorless liquid petrolatum [soft paraffin]. The population comprised 438 midwifery and nursing students. The 150 students who had declared that they had suffered from dysmenorrhea used a visual analog scale to indicate their level of pain. Higher scores reflected a greater severity of dysmenorrhea. Forty-four students volunteered to participate in the study. When the lavender massage and the placebo massage were compared, the visual analog scale score of the lavender massage was found to decrease at a statistically significant rate. This study showed that massage was effective in reducing dysmenorrhea. In addition, this study showed that the effect of aromatherapy massage on pain was higher than that of placebo massage. PMID:23158705

Apay, Serap Ejder; Arslan, Sevban; Akpinar, Reva Balci; Celebioglu, Ayda

2012-12-01

136

The Role of University Education in Changing the Gender Role Perceptions of Turkish ELT Student Teachers  

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Full Text Available Despite recent improvements in demographics and educational outcomes, it is still the case that traditional expectations and attitudes toward gender roles in the Turkish society have been preserved to a great extent. Given this current position of Turkey in terms of gender issues, the transformative power of education, especially of teachers, could be emphasized more strongly at all levels of education. Therefore, it is important that teachers are trained to identify and counter gender bias to help fight the problem of sexism prevalent in the country. The purpose of this study was to compare the gender role perceptions and gender role classifications of first-year and fourth year English language teaching (ELT student teachers and to identify any difference between the two groups. The sample (N=204 for the present study was obtained from a large state university in western Turkey. Gender role orientation was assessed with the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI, Bem 1974. Findings have indicated that male student teachers still have a traditional perspective on gender roles and that university education does not seem to have a role in changing their existing value judgments in relation to gender. On the other hand, Turkish female students have adopted a more masculine gender role within the four years of their university education. Implications are included for teacher education institutions in Turkey.

?rem KIZILASLAN

2011-08-01

137

Turkish Validity Examination of the Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale  

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The validation studies of the Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS) have been conducted with samples from different nations but mostly from western individualistic cultures. Life satisfaction and its constructs could differ depending on cultural characteristics and life satisfaction scales should be validated in different…

Irmak, Sezgin; Kuruuzum, Ayse

2009-01-01

138

Social Anxiety with Peers in 9- to 14-year-olds. Developmental Process and Relations with Self-Consciousness and Perceived Peer Acceptance.  

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Hypothesizes that self-consciousness and perceived peer acceptance correlates with social anxiety. Focuses on 508 French fourth- to ninth-grade students who completed questionnaires that assessed their perceptions of social anxiety with peers, self-consciousness, and perceived peer acceptance. Discusses the results. (CMK)

Mallet, Pascal; Rodriguez-Tome, Gladis

1999-01-01

139

Perceived discrimination, social connectedness, and other predictors of adjustment difficulties among Turkish international students.  

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This study examined the role of perceived discrimination, social connectedness, age, gender, years of study in the US, English language competency, and social contact patterns on adjustment difficulties among a sample of 229 Turkish international students studying in the United States. Findings indicated that students who reported higher levels of social connectedness, lower levels of perceived discrimination, more years of study in the US, and higher levels of English language competency reported lower levels of adjustment difficulties. Other results showed that (lack of) social connectedness and perceived discrimination were predictors of adjustment difficulties. In addition, results indicated that students who socialized with individuals from the US had lower levels of adjustment difficulties than did those who socialized with coculture members. Implications are discussed and suggestions for interventions are provided. PMID:22046992

Duru, Erdinc; Poyrazli, Senel

2011-12-01

140

Diagnosing the EAP needs of Turkish medical students: A longitudinal critical needs analysis  

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Full Text Available This study uses a longitudinal critical needs analysis to diagnose the English for academic purposes (EAP needs of Turkish medical students seeking proficiency in medical English and contribute to needs analysis methodology. The data were collected from medical students and specialists. To obtain valid and reliable information about medical students’ needs, three types of instruments were used: ethnographic methods, including sustained observation and participation in a research setting; reflective journals; and a questionnaire and in-depth interview. The questionnaire design was based on essays collected from the students during their study, and the items were constructed from the students’ own words. To the best of my knowledge, this study is the first attempt in the literature to triangulate both methods and data with a focus on critical pedagogy to diagnose EAP needs. The findings are the result of the triangulation of data and methodology to ensure the reliability and validity of the findings. A total of 525 subjects participated in the research (186 participants in the pilot study and 339 participants in the main study. The findings revealed medical students’ expectations of their English for specific purposes (ESP instructor, students’ shortcomings, and the problems and strategies they use while learning medical English. The interview data analysis sought to determine whether higher education students can be a reliable source to consult for their own educational needs in higher education. The methodology followed here can be replicated in other mainstream classrooms.

Neslihan Önder Özdemir

2014-10-01

141

Attitudes Towards Seeking Psychological Help among a Sample of Turkish University Students: The Roles of Rumination and Internal Working Models  

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The current study investigates how attitudes towards seeking psychological help relate to internal working models of attachment (self-model and other-model) and ruminative tendencies. The study includes 589 Turkish university students (278 females, 308 males and 3 unknown) by implementing a convenient sampling procedure. The average age of the…

Turan, Numan; Erdur-Baker, Özgür

2014-01-01

142

Constructing Identities: The Ethno-National and Nationalistic Identities of White and Turkish Students in Two English Secondary Schools  

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This article investigates how 15-year-old white and Turkish students in two Inner London comprehensive schools, one in a predominantly working-class area (Millroad School) and the other in a more middle-class environment (Darwin School), construct their identities. Drawing on mainly qualitative data from documentary sources, focus groups and…

Faas, Daniel

2008-01-01

143

Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in Turkish university students and assessment of associated factors  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Many students who begin university at risky periods for OCD development cannot meet the new challenges successfully. They often seek help and apply to the university health center for psychiatric distress. We aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD at students of the Cukurova University in this cross sectional study. Methods This study was performed in the Cukurova University Faculty of Education with a population of 5500 students; the representative sample size for detecting the OCD prevalence was calculated to be 800. After collecting sociodemographic data, we questioned the students for associated factors of OCD. The General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12 and Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI, Section K were used for psychiatric evaluation. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the linkage between OCD and associated factors. Results A total of 804 university students were included in this study. The GHQ-12-positive students (241 students, 29.9% were interviewed using Section K of the CIDI (222 students, 27.6%. OCD was diagnosed in 33 (4.2% students. The Logistic regression analysis of the data showed significant associations between OCD and male gender (p:0.036, living on government dormitory (p: 0.003, living on students' house/parental house (p:0.006, having private room in the parental house (p:0.055 and verbal abuse in the family (p:0.006. Conclusion This study demonstrates a higher prevalence of OCD among a group of university students compared to other prevalence studies of OCD in Turkish society. Furthermore, our findings also suggest relationships between OCD and sociodemographic factors, as well as other environmental stress factors.

Topal Kenan

2009-07-01

144

DESEMPEÑO COGNITIVO EN PRUEBAS DE LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE 6 A 14 AÑOS ESCOLARIZADOS DE LA CIUDAD DE MEDELLÍN. COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE ON TESTS OF LANGUAGE IN 6-14-YEAR-OLD SCHOOLED CHILDREN IN THE CITY OF MEDELLIN.  

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Full Text Available El presente artículo presenta los resultado de investigación el cual busca describir el desempeño cognitivo de los escolares de 6 a 14 años en pruebas de lenguaje, este estudio se desarrolló con 92 participantes con diferentes estratos socioeconómicos se aplicaron pruebas de Lenguaje: Test de asociación controlada de palabras, Test de vocabulario de Boston, Token test, encontramos que las habilidades y desempeño en pruebas de lenguaje no difieren entre sexo y lateralidad, existen diferencias evidenciables en grupos de edades, con influencia del nivel educacional. Abstract This paper presents results of research which aimed to describe the cognitive performance on tests of language in 6-14-year-old. In this study, the researchers chose a sample population of 92 participants coming from different socioeconomic strata. That is why tests of language, tests of controlled association, Boston Naming Test, and Token Test were applied.

María Cristina Giraldo García.

2013-12-01

145

Casos clínicos en Cardiología (n.º 4): niño de 14 años con palpitaciones de inicio brusco / Clinical cases in Cardiology (n.º 4): 14 year old boy with sudden onset palpitations  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Continuamos con la serie de casos clínicos en cardiología pediátrica revisando los motivos de consulta y los datos exploratorios frecuentes en las consultas de Pediatría de Atención Primaria, presentados de forma breve y práctica. En este número se cuenta el caso de un niño de 14 años que refiere te [...] ner palpitaciones de inicio repentino. Se discute cómo la exploración y los hallazgos electrocardiográficos orientan el manejo diagnóstico de este paciente. Abstract in english We continue the series of clinical cases in Paediatric Cardiology reviewing common reasons for consultation in the paediatric Primary Care offices, presented in a brief and practical way. In this paper we present the case of a 14 year old boy with sudden onset palpitations. The way physical exam and [...] electrocardiographic findings guide the diagnosis in this patient is discussed.

J., Pérez-Lescure Picarzo; D., Crespo Marcos.

2009-12-01

146

Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public university located in the west of Turkey. Responses were analysed, using the chi-square (x2 test, t test and percent (% ratios, according to gender and consumers. Differences were considered significant for p ? 0.05. Results Of 2253 students attending the university, 1871 participated in the survey (909 men and 962 women. Overall, the prevalence of NVNM supplement use was 16.5% (16.6% in men and 16.3% in women, p The three most commonly given reasons for use were 'improvement of energy and vitality (78.6%', 'promotion of weight loss (71.1%', followed by 'enhancement of athletic performance (64.3%'. Twenty-six of the 308 reported NVNM users (26/308, 8.4% reported having experienced an adverse reaction. Television (76.3%, magazines/newspapers (41.5% and internet websites (37.3% were the most frequently used sources for obtaining information about NVNM supplements. The three most frequently used NVNM supplements were echinacea, ginseng, and gingko biloba (38.6%, 36.4%, and 32.8%, respectively. Nutritional scores were higher in NVNM supplement users than in non-users (66.510.8 vs. 62.712.7 (p Conclusion The results indicate that the prevalence of NVNM supplement use is relatively modest among Turkish university students and more information is needed on why people use particular NVNM supplements.

Son Osman

2005-05-01

147

Estado de nutrición en hierro en una población de 4 a 14 años, urbano marginal, de Lima / Iron nutrition status in 4 to 14 year-old children living in a marginal urban section in Lima  

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Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Determinar el estado de nutrición en hierro en una población de 4 a 14 años. Diseño: Estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal y prospectivo. Lugar: Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Participantes: Niños, entre 4 y 14 años. Intervenciones: Se estudió 349 [...] niños, 170 de sexo masculino y 179 de sexo femenino, entre 4 y 14 años de edad, del Centro de Salud San Genaro de Villa, Chorrillos, entre setiembre 2001 y agosto 2002. Principales medidas de resultados: Estado de nutrición en hierro. Resultados: El 68,8% (240) no presentó alteración en el estado de nutrición en hierro (ENH), frente a 31,2% (109) que sí lo presentó. De los 109 niños con alteración en el ENH, 68,8% (75) clasificó en el estadio I de depleción latente (ferritina 400 ug/dL), y 8,3% (9), en el estadio III de anemia ferropénica (hemoglobina Abstract in english Objective: To determine the iron nutrition status in 4 to 14 year-old children. Design: Descriptive, observational, transversal and prospective study. Setting: Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Participants: Four to fourteen year-old children. Interventions: We studied 3 [...] 49 children 4 to 14 year-old, 170 males and 179 females, at San Genaro Health Center, Chorrillos, from September 2001 through August 2002. Main outcome measures: Iron nutritional status. Results: From these children, 68,8% (240) did not present alteration in iron nutrition status (INS), compared with 31,2% who presented this alteration. From the 109 children with iron nutrition status alteration, 68,8% (75) were stage I or latent depletion (ferritine 400 ug/dL), and 8,3% (9) were in stage III with iron deficient anemia (hemoglobin

Alicia, Fernández; Luzmila, Troncoso; Violeta, Nolberto.

2007-06-01

148

Human Papillomavirus Vaccines and Cervical Cancer: Awareness, Knowledge, and Risk Perception Among Turkish Undergraduate Students.  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate awareness, knowledge, and risk perception about human papillomavirus (HPV), cervical cancer, and HPV vaccines among undergraduate students in Turkey. The convenience sample of this descriptive cross-sectional study consisted of 605 undergraduate students in Istanbul University during a semester. Demographic characteristics of students, their reproductive health and lifestyle behaviors, and knowledge of HPV and HPV vaccine were questioned using self-administered forms. The overall proportion of students who had heard about HPV infection was 48.8 %, while the proportion of students who had heard of the HPV vaccine was 44.5 %. Forty eight percent of females and 60 % of males reported never having heard of the HPV. Only 45.7 % of females had knowledge about HPV as a cause of genital warts, and 58.1 % correctly indicated that HPV caused cervical cancer. The majority of students in both genders (>80 %) knew that the infection is primarily transmitted through sexual intercourse. Females were more concerned than males about having cervical/penile cancer associated with HPV in the future. Only 46.4 % of females and 39 % of males reported having heard of the HPV vaccine. The majority of the female and male students did not know who should get the HPV vaccine and when to get vaccinated. Among males, 25.8 % reported that they would consider getting vaccinated (if available) and 38.4 % intended to vaccinate their children. Turkish undergraduate students had a low to moderate level of knowledge regarding HPV infection and HPV vaccine. In order to increase awareness about HPV and develop positive behaviors, young people should be provided with accurate information through educational activities in the community and health care services. PMID:24989817

Rathfisch, Gülay; Güngör, Ilkay; Uzun, Ece; Keskin, Ozlem; Tencere, Zeliha

2014-07-01

149

Writing Anxiety of Turkish Students: Scale Development and the Working Procedures in Terms of Various Variables  

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Full Text Available This study was undertaken to develop a Writing Anxiety Scale that will assess and identify the state of writing anxiety in the primary education students. The process of creating the scale of the study in Sakarya studying in primary schools with 774 students carried out after the second stage, developed primary school students was administered to 480 scale. In this research construct validity, internal consistency and item-total correlations were examined. As a result of factor analysis for construct validity, one factor has emerged consist of 19 items, and account for the 30.5 % of the total variance. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the one-factor model fitted the data (x2=557.54, sd=151, p=0.00. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the three-factor model fitted the data RMSEA=.059, CFI=.92, IFI=.92, GFI=.93, AGFI=.91 and SRMR=.050. The internal consistencies were .80 for entire scale. Findings also demonstrated that item-total correlations ranged from .30 to .52. According to these findings the Writing Anxiety Scale can be named as a valid and reliable instrument that could be used in the field of education. After the scale was developed in Sakarya studying in primary schools with 480 students carried out. Students receive their scores from Writing Anxiety Scale, the arithmetic mean and standard deviations were considered to be taken into consideration. In order to identify the effect of individual variables, t-test, one-way analysis of variance and LCD tests were used. Analysis showed that the variables of Turkish love of course, class, family income level, a number of books read per month and the smoothness of handwriting attended by students resulted in significant differences in student perceptions whereas the variable of gender did not affect the perceptions of students.

Havva YAMAN

2010-04-01

150

Clínica y epidemiología de las infecciones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años / Clinics and Epidemiology of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: las infecciones respiratorias agudas altas o bajas constituyen un complejo sindrómico que agrupa entidades clínicas con gran diversidad epidemiológica y de agentes causales, lo cual hace difícil su prevención y control. Objetivo: realizar un estudio clínico-epidemiológico de las infecc [...] iones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años. Material y método: se realizó una investigación observacional, analítica, de casos-controles en cuatro consultorios de tipo I pertenecientes al policlínico Raúl Sánchez del municipio Pinar del Río en el período febrero/2010-octubre/2011. El universo estuvo conformado por los pacientes que acudieron a los consultorios, asignándose al grupo estudio (casos) aquellos con infección respiratoria aguda de 0-14 años de edad (n=272) y por cada paciente del grupo estudio se seleccionó uno de la misma edad sin la enfermedad atendido posteriormente (controles). Resultados: las infecciones respiratorias altas fueron las más frecuentes (88,2 %) y dentro de ellas el catarro común; la edad 5-14 años la más afectada (63,2 %), los síntomas más frecuentes: secreción nasal (56,3%), fiebre (48,8%) y tos (40%); los factores de riesgo individuales más importantes: no lactancia materna exclusiva (OR=4,6) y peso Abstract in english Introduction: acute upper and low respiratory tract infections constitute a complex of various illnesses that group clinical entities having a great diversity of epidemiological and underlying agents, which difficult the processes of prevention and control. Objective: to carry out a clinical-epidemi [...] ological study of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old. Material and method: an observational, analytical of case-control research in four type-1 doctor’s offices belonging to “Raul Sanchez” outpatient clinic in Pinar del Rio municipality during February 2010-October 2011. The target group involved the patients attending to the doctor’s offices, assigning to the study-group (cases) those suffering from acute respiratory tract infections from 0-14 years old (n=272) and per each patient who comprised the study-group one of the same ages not including the disease was subsequently chosen (control group). Results: upper respiratory infections were the most frequent (88,2%) and among them common flu; the most affected ages were from 5-14 (63,2%), and the most repeated symptoms: nasal secretions (56,3%), fever (48,8%) and cough (40%); the most important risk factors: not exclusive breast feeding (OR=4,6) and

Yamilka, Oliva González; Manuel, Piloto Morejón; Paulina, Iglesias Gómez.

2013-02-01

151

Genetic polymorphisms of 15 STR loci within Turkish student population living in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.  

Science.gov (United States)

Allele frequencies of 15 STRs included in the PowerPlex 16 System (D3S1358, TH01, D21S11, D18S51, Penta E, D5S818, D13S317, D7S820, D16S539, CSF1PO, Penta D, VWA, D8S1179, TPOX and FGA) were calculated from the referent sample of 100 unrelated individuals of both sexes from Turkish student population living in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. Buccal swab, as a source of DNA, was collected from the volunteers from whom the informed consent form was obtained. DNA extraction was performed using QIAamp DNA Micro kit by Qiagen. DNA template ranging from 0.5 to 2 ng was used to amplify 15 STR loci by PCR multiplex amplification which was performed by using the PowerPlex 16 kit (Promega Corp., Madison, WI, USA) according to the manufacturer's protocol. The amplifications were carried out in a PE Gene Amp PCR System thermal cycler (Applied Biosystems) and capillary electrophoresis was carried out in an ABI PRISM 310 Genetic Analyzer (Applied Biosystems) in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. The frequency of each locus was calculated from the numbers of each observed genotype. Deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and observed heterozygosity were calculated. Data were analyzed by using Microsoft Excel workbook template--Powerstats V12 and the power of discrimination (PD), power of exclusion (PE), as well as other population genetic indices for the 15 STR loci were calculated. Obtained results contribute to existing Turkish DNA database, as well as insight of differences and similarities in comparison to population of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In addition, 13 autosomal STR loci frequencies (D3S1358, TH01, D21S11, D18S51, Penta E, D5S818, D13S317, D7S820, D16S539, CSFIPO, Penta D, VWA, D8S1 179, TPOX, and FGA) were studied in 15 different worldwide populations (Turkish, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, Montenegrin, Macedonian, Albanian, Kosovan, Greek, Russian, Japanese, Korean, Lithuanian, Iraqi, Belarusian). For the proof of corresponding data, two different Turkish population STR data obtained from previously published articles were compared with our data and this showed that our data correspond to these 2 previously published data. Further, STR allele frequency data for 13 loci for each population were obtained from previous scientific articles and the allele frequencies and genetic diversity among the 15 sample populations were compared. In addition, even though the populations are from different nationalities, the STR data are similar among the geographically close populations. The phylogenetic tree established among worldwide populations and genetic distance values show a great affinity among the 15populations. Our data is useful for anthropological and further comparative genetic studies of populations. PMID:24611350

Dogan, Serkan; Kovacevi?, Lejla; Marjanovi?, Damir

2013-12-01

152

A New Group about Teaching Turkish to Foreigners: Refugees and Refugee Students  

Science.gov (United States)

In today's world for countries, teaching language and communication became an important issue for making these countries' cultures spread and making them powerful and effective in the global world. A way to make Turkey effective and well known is teaching Turkish and Turkish culture refugees are important opportunity for this. This study is one of…

Arslan, Akif

2011-01-01

153

THE COOPERATION AND DETERMINATION OF PERSONAL INTEGRATION LEVELS OF TURKISH STUDENTS ACCORDING TO THEIR SPORTS PARTICIPATION LEVEL  

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Full Text Available The aim of this research is to determine and the personal integration levels of Turkish students who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and who not doing sports living in Germany. This research includes 440 students studying in schools determined by Republic of Turkey, Embassy of Munich, Office of Education Attache who inhabit in Munich and its surroundings and who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and not doing sports. In this research, “Personal Information Form” and “ Hacettepe Personality Inventory” were used as data gathering tool. As a result of research, if averages of Hacettepe Personality Inventory (HPI subscale point are analyzed in terms of sex,age and type of school, it is apparent that points of students who doing sports are higher than the points of students who not doing sport; in other words students who doing sports are more adaptable than the students who not doing sports.

Emin KURU

2010-04-01

154

The Effect of Problem Solving Teaching with Texts of Turkish Lesson on Students’ Problem Solving Skills  

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Full Text Available In this research, by carrying out activities based on texts, effect of providing problem solving skill on students’ levels of problem solving attainment was tried to be identified. Research was performed according to pretest-posttest Experimental Model with Control Group, in 2008-2009 educational year at second grade of an elementary school in Denizli province. For nine weeks, four hours in a week, while teacher guide book was being followed in control group in Turkish language lesson, texts were carried out with problem solving activities in experimental group. In the research, “Problem Solving Test” which were used as data collection tools, were developed by benefiting from matching of attainment-problem solving steps-cognitive domain steps. Problem Solving Test is made up of 16 multiple choice and 9 open ended questions. In the analysis of data, t test was used. It was found that problem solving teaching succeeded at “identifying different possible solutions in the light of collected data, applying the decided way of solution, evaluating types of solutions, evaluating used problem solving method” stages of problem solving.

Havva ILGIN

2012-08-01

155

Clínica y epidemiología de las infecciones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años Clinics and Epidemiology of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old  

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Full Text Available Introducción: las infecciones respiratorias agudas altas o bajas constituyen un complejo sindrómico que agrupa entidades clínicas con gran diversidad epidemiológica y de agentes causales, lo cual hace difícil su prevención y control. Objetivo: realizar un estudio clínico-epidemiológico de las infecciones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años. Material y método: se realizó una investigación observacional, analítica, de casos-controles en cuatro consultorios de tipo I pertenecientes al policlínico Raúl Sánchez del municipio Pinar del Río en el período febrero/2010-octubre/2011. El universo estuvo conformado por los pacientes que acudieron a los consultorios, asignándose al grupo estudio (casos aquellos con infección respiratoria aguda de 0-14 años de edad (n=272 y por cada paciente del grupo estudio se seleccionó uno de la misma edad sin la enfermedad atendido posteriormente (controles. Resultados: las infecciones respiratorias altas fueron las más frecuentes (88,2 % y dentro de ellas el catarro común; la edad 5-14 años la más afectada (63,2 %, los síntomas más frecuentes: secreción nasal (56,3%, fiebre (48,8% y tos (40%; los factores de riesgo individuales más importantes: no lactancia materna exclusiva (OR=4,6 y peso Introduction: acute upper and low respiratory tract infections constitute a complex of various illnesses that group clinical entities having a great diversity of epidemiological and underlying agents, which difficult the processes of prevention and control. Objective: to carry out a clinical-epidemiological study of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old. Material and method: an observational, analytical of case-control research in four type-1 doctor’s offices belonging to “Raul Sanchez” outpatient clinic in Pinar del Rio municipality during February 2010-October 2011. The target group involved the patients attending to the doctor’s offices, assigning to the study-group (cases those suffering from acute respiratory tract infections from 0-14 years old (n=272 and per each patient who comprised the study-group one of the same ages not including the disease was subsequently chosen (control group. Results: upper respiratory infections were the most frequent (88,2% and among them common flu; the most affected ages were from 5-14 (63,2%, and the most repeated symptoms: nasal secretions (56,3%, fever (48,8% and cough (40%; the most important risk factors: not exclusive breast feeding (OR=4,6 and

Yamilka Oliva González

2013-02-01

156

Repercussões da gravidez em adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos em contexto de vulnerabilidade social / Impact of pregnancy on at-risk, 10-14 year-old adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Com o objetivo de identificar as repercussões ocorridas na vida de adolescentes que engravidaram entre 12 e 14 anos, em contexto de vulnerabilidade social, foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas e aplicados mapas de redes com 10 participantes, quando o filho estava entre um e três anos de id [...] ade. Os dados foram analisados qualitativamente, a partir da Teoria Fundamentada Empiricamente, de Anselm Strauss e Juliet Corbin. Os resultados evidenciaram que, após a experiência de gravidez e da maternidade, as adolescentes desenvolveram maior responsabilidade por sua vida reprodutiva e reformularam projetos, valorizando mais os estudos, apesar das dificuldades para retomá-los. O relacionamento com os parceiros caracterizou-se pela união estável, destacando-se a importância destes e das mães das adolescentes em seu processo de adaptação. Abstract in english Aiming to identify the effects occurring in the lives of adolescents who became pregnant between 12 and 14 years old in a context of social vulnerability, we conducted semi-structured interviews and used network maps with 10 participants when their children were between 1 and 3 years old. The data w [...] ere analyzed qualitatively, from the Empirically Grounded Theory of Anselm Strauss and Juliet Corbin. The results showed that after the experience of pregnancy and motherhood, adolescents developed greater responsibility for their reproductive lives and reviewed some future projects, giving more value to the studies, despite the difficulties to resume them. The relationship with partners was characterized by getting more stable, highlighting the importance of adolescents' partners and mothers in their adjustment process.

Rejane de, Farias; Carmen Ojeda Ocampo, Moré.

157

Approaches of elementary school students towards the lesson of Ataturk’s principles and history of Turkish Revolution of the Turkish Republic  

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Full Text Available It can be said that French Revolution, broke out in 1789, affected Europe deeply in freedom, equality, particularly with the ideas of nationalism. New values were introduced with the nationalism. With the new symbols, national states sought to give the community a new identity. Within this new formation, political powers in the adoption by the community and in its efforts to provide legitimacy, transfer tools to future generations are extremely important. In this context, the teaching of history is of great importance. In this study, a field survey was conducted on the lesson called Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution which have aims such as being able to teach the stages of foundation of the Republic of Turkey and to transfer the information to future generations. In that study, it was also aimed to find out information about the methodology of the lesson which has great importance on the development of the consciousness of Nationalism and citizenship and about founder of Turkish republic Ataturk. In this study a survey model was used. The students, who were studying in K?r?ehir in the 2010-2011 academic years, set the population of the survey. To collect data in the survey, a questioner is used with the aim of discovering the opinions of the students about the course of “Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution. In the analysis, the t-test is used and the method of single factor variance analysis (ANOVA and percentage frequency is used.

Bengül Salman Bolat

2013-04-01

158

Turkish Teaching Curriculum and Specific Area Abilities of Turkish  

OpenAIRE

The aim of the article is to find out the level of accordance of expectations from teachers and students who are two fundamental building blocks of education by comparing ability area in the specific area abilities of Turkish teacher,sub abilities and performance indicator to learning areas in Turkish teaching curriculum,aims and behaviours. In the direction this aim “general abilities of Teacher” and “Specific area abilities of Turkish” were primarily emphasized.Scanning method was...

Gu?ney, Nail; Aytan, Talat; Gu?n, Mesut

2010-01-01

159

THE WRITING PROBLEMS OF IRANIAN STUDENTS IN THE BASIC LEVEL WHO LEARNS TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE  

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Full Text Available At all levels of education as well as teaching Turkish to foreigners is an issue to be dealt with on the importance of input and output. In this respect, the work of writing and language learning that is possible to determine the level of their writing skills. In this context, at the end of term exams and courses, as well as on the data obtained, the detection and correction of errors, both in terms of the potential students and the teacher guiding the student is. In addition, the students already know their mistakes, to gain the ability to write in the future is important to minimize errors. At this work we identified the Iranian students writing problems and presented their recommendations for the solution. The study designed as a survey. The Data collected about the students problems on writing from the exams which the centre done on writing part and the students composition papers during the period. The mistakes of the students made in written expression, grouped audio information, morphology, the syntax and orthography.

Emrah Boylu

2014-08-01

160

The Effect of Combining Analogy-Based Simulation and Laboratory Activities on Turkish Elementary School Students' Understanding of Simple Electric Circuits  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the combination of both analogy-based simulation and laboratory activities as a teaching tool was more effective than utilizing them separately in teaching the concepts of simple electricity. The quasi-experimental design that involved 66 seventh grade students from urban Turkish elementary…

Unlu, Zeynep Koyunlu; Dokme, Ibilge

2011-01-01

161

Exploring the Types and Reasons of Internet-Triggered Academic Dishonesty among Turkish Undergraduate Students: Development of Internet-Triggered Academic Dishonesty Scale (ITADS)  

Science.gov (United States)

Internet contributes to the development of science and facilitates scientific demeanors while it also serves as a ground for academic misdemeanors. Recent studies indicate that Internet facilitates and spreads academic dishonesty. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the extent of involvement of Turkish university students in…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Sendag, Serkan; Birinci, Gurkay; Kilicer, Kerem; Sahin, Mehmet C.; Odabasi, Hatice F.

2008-01-01

162

The severity of Internet addiction risk and its relationship with the severity of borderline personality features, childhood traumas, dissociative experiences, depression and anxiety symptoms among Turkish university students.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of Internet addiction (IA) risk with the severity of borderline personality features, childhood traumas, dissociative experiences, depression and anxiety symptoms among Turkish university students. A total of 271 Turkish university students participated in this study. The students were assessed through the Internet Addiction Scale (IAS), the Borderline Personality Inventory (BPI), the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). The rates of students were 19.9% (n=54) in the high IA risk group, 38.7% (n=105) in the mild IA risk group and 41.3% (n=112) in the group without IA risk. Correlation analyses revealed that the severity of IA risk was related with BPI, DES, emotional abuse, CTQ-28, depression and anxiety scores. Univariate covariance analysis (ANCOVA) indicated that the severity of borderline personality features, emotional abuse, depression and anxiety symptoms were the predictors of IAS score, while gender had no effect on IAS score. Among childhood trauma types, emotional abuse seems to be the main predictor of IA risk severity. Borderline personality features predicted the severity of IA risk together with emotional abuse, depression and anxiety symptoms among Turkish university students. PMID:25023365

Dalbudak, Ercan; Evren, Cuneyt; Aldemir, Secil; Evren, Bilge

2014-11-30

163

Gender-related beliefs of Turkish female science teachers and their effect on interactions with female and male students  

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The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between Turkish female science teachers' gender-related beliefs and those teachers' corresponding interaction with their male and female students. The data was collected from five different sources: Surveys, interviews, observations, chi square data from the observation phase, and interviews with selected teachers. The data was analyzed using the Ericson interpretive method of socio-cultural theories which provided a framework for understanding the development of teacher beliefs and their interactions with their students. In this study, the survey revealed three types of teachers ranging from traditional, moderate to modern. Moderate teachers exhibited characteristics that were on a continuum between the traditional and modern teachers. Traditional teachers believed that males and females should have certain defined roles. Females should be responsible for taking care of the needs of their children and their husbands. By comparison, modern teachers did not assign specific roles to either males or females. With regard to the role of women in science, traditional teachers believed that female scientists could not be as successful as male scientists. By comparison, modern teachers believed that female scientists could be as successful as male scientists. Modern teachers did indicate that they thought females needed to work harder than males to prove themselves. When it came to the teachers' views and beliefs regarding their female and male students' success in their science classrooms, traditional teachers believed that their male students were brighter than their female students. They also believed that female students excelled only because they worked harder. Modern teachers believed that success is dependent on each student's background and his or her interest in science. Classroom observation indicated that traditional and modern teachers interacted differently with their male and female students. Traditional teachers provided more speaking time to male students and permitted male students to ask more questions than their female students. Modern teachers, on the other hand, paid equal attention to all their students. Both groups' belief systems were apparent and impacted their interactions with their students.

Uysal, Sibel

164

CreatIng Web-based Math learnIng tool for TURKISH mIddle school students: Webquest  

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Full Text Available Internet is the most important product for the computer technology and it began to be used in many fields. Especially in the recent years, the usage of Internet has increased in the fields of communication, entertainment, advertisement, media, and technology. In Turkey, the usage of Internet is not used very common and active in primary and secondary education. The fast developments of the new technologies and the Web-Based Education Systems must be increased the importance of giving courses. In this study, the information to be aimed at is to introduce the WebQuest system, which was developed at San Diego State University by Bernie Dodge. A webQuest can be used web-based math learning tool for Turkish middle school students. Therefore, an example of geometry education WebQuest is given to introduce WebQuest system because WebQuest will be active in geometry teaching similar to the other subjects. An overview of WebQuest technology application and several resources for teachers and students interested in creating WebQuests can be found on The WebQutest Page (Dodge, 2001. Table 1 lists web sites that have many of these resources.

Aytac KURTULUS

2009-04-01

165

Is the Quality of Life of Turkish Smoker Students Different from Those Non-Smokers?  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate whether smoking affects the quality of life of the students at Medical Documentation and Secreteriat Program (MDS) of Health Services Vocational Colleges. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the questionnaire has been applied to 147 (73,5 %) students out of 200 MDS students. As data collecting…

Unalan, Demet; Somunoglu, Sinem; Dikmetas, Elif; Elmali, Ferhan

2010-01-01

166

Burnout Levels and Personality Traits—The Case of Turkish Architectural Students  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this research has been to investigate the relationship between personality traits and burnout levels of architectural undergraduate students. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI) and Five Factor Model were used to collect related data. Analysis of the collected data showed variations in personality traits and burnout levels of students from first to fourth year and revealed that education process was an important role player in per...

Emel Laptali Oral; Gözde Tantekin Celik

2013-01-01

167

Writing Anxiety of Turkish Students: Scale Development and the Working Procedures in Terms of Various Variables  

OpenAIRE

This study was undertaken to develop a Writing Anxiety Scale that will assess and identify the state of writing anxiety in the primary education students. The process of creating the scale of the study in Sakarya studying in primary schools with 774 students carried out after the second stage, developed primary school students was administered to 480 scale. In this research construct validity, internal consistency and item-total correlations were examined. As a result of factor analysis for c...

Yaman, Havva

2010-01-01

168

Relation between Cyberbullying and Problem Solving: A Study on Turkish University Students  

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In this study, cyberbullying living frequency, what the cyber environments in which cyberbullying is lived are, and the relation between "being victim of cyberbullying" and "being cyberbullying" status and problem solving skill of university students are analysed. This research is done by attendance of 460 students from five…

Gokler, Riza

2013-01-01

169

The Effectiveness of Modified Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Writing with Mildly Mentally Retarded Turkish Students  

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This study investigated the effectiveness of Modified Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Writing (CSIW) with mildly mentally retarded students' skills in writing problem/solution texts. Participants were from two self-contained and multiage classrooms in Turkey. Instruction had a positive impact on the amount of time students spent planning and…

Guzel-Ozmen, Ruya

2006-01-01

170

An Assessment of Factors Related to Science Achievement of Turkish Students  

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In this study, a hypothesised model with latent variables such as socio-economic status, students' perception of success and interest in different subject matter areas, out-of-school activities, and classroom teaching learning activities in relation to science achievement of the students was tested via linear structural modelling. The data come…

Kalender, Ilker; Berberoglu, Giray

2009-01-01

171

Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students  

Science.gov (United States)

It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

2013-01-01

172

Influential Factors on Students' Vocational Aspiration in Turkish Elementary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored the fifth grade elementary school students' vocational aspiration and the factors affecting it. The sample consisted of 115 students in 20 elementary public schools with whom face-to- face interviews were conducted. The findings showed that engineering, medical doctor, and school teachers were the most frequently mentioned…

Kentli, Fulya Damla

2014-01-01

173

Turkish delight  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This article focuses on the opening up of the Turkish energy markets to international investment in an effort to join the European Union. The implementation of the EU's Directive on internal electricity markets, the benefits gained by globalisation, the growth in the Turkish electricity market, the control of power supply and distribution, generating capacity, the infrastructure needed to satisfy demand, moves towards privatisation, and joint venture with local companies are discussed. Estimates of Turkey's power demand, its strategic location, and foreign companies interested in the power market are considered. (uk)

174

Relationships between religiosity level and attitudes toward lesbians and gay men among Turkish university students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the relationships between religiosity levels and attitudes toward lesbians and gay men among freshmen university students in Turkey. The Attitudes Towards Lesbians and Gay Men Scale-Short Form and the Religiosity Scale were administered to 91 male (M = 19.95, SD = 1.48 years) and 171 female (M = 19.23, SD = 1.28 years) students. The findings showed that male freshmen (M = 19.32, SD = 4.97) had more negative attitudes toward gay men than toward lesbians (M = 17.84, SD = 5.25), p = .000. In addition, attitudes of male freshmen were significantly more negative toward gay men (M =19.32, SD = 4.97) than females (M = 17.51, SD = 5.73), p = .012. Both male and female freshmen students who had higher levels of religiosity were found to have higher levels of negative attitudes toward both lesbians and gay men. PMID:25365111

Saraç, Leyla

2015-04-01

175

How Do Turkish Nursing Students Plan Their Career after the Graduation?: A Questionnaire Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

This research was planned as a cross-sectional and descriptive study for the purpose of determining nursing students' expectations from a workplace and what department, area, and positions they want to work in after graduation. The research population was comprised of the four university-based schools of nursing in Ankara province. The sample was…

Yildirim, Dilek; Kececi, Ayla; Bulduk, Serap

2011-01-01

176

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Brain Size/IQ Relations in Turkish University Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studied the relation of intelligence quotient (IQ) to brain size on 103 right-handed and left-handed male and female college students in Turkey. Measured cerebral areas and found an overall correlation between brain area and IQ. Discusses some sex differences. (SLD)

Tan, Uner; Tan, Meliha; Polat, Pinar; Ceylan, Yasar; Suma, Selami; Okur, Adnan

1999-01-01

177

DETERMINATION OF FUNCTIONALITY OF TURKISH STUDENT STUDY BOOKS IN TEACHING TURKISH PRIMARY SECOND STAGE ?LKÖ?RET?M ?K?NC? KADEMEDE KULLANILAN TÜRKÇE Ö?RENC? ÇALI?MA K?TAPLARININ ??LEVSELL???N?N BEL?RLENMES?  

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Full Text Available The main mission of educational institutions to provide to the students the necessary information. More importantly, students learned skills into their knowledge to show the way. Students' learning skills into their knowledge one of effective ways: student workbooks, and native place of the events when the time is to work. The purpose of this study, second grade elementary school students in Turkish lessons in a workbook activities carried been realized to determine the status. This motion, the student workbook is to determine the status of being used as functional.In this research, qualitative research approach in the context of document analysis methods and scanning techniques used. Collection of student work books will be reviewed in Kayseri for primary schools and among the strata must be determined via sampling. A total of 54 Turkish students study books were collected in school. In each grade level as an elective to a required four themes were selected. The themes identified in the student workbooks have been investigated the level of realization of activities. According to the data obtained, activities undertaken with students more than activities that are not made at all, but in general, student workbooks are not used functionally. E?itim kurumlar?n?n temel görevi ö?rencilere gerekli bilgileri ö?retmekten öte, ö?rencilerin ö?rendikleri bilgileri beceriye dönü?türebilmelerinin yollar?n? göstermektir. Ö?rencilerin ö?rendikleri bilgileri beceriye dönü?türebilmelerinin etkili yollar?ndan biri ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?ndaki etkinliklerin zaman?nda ve yerli yerince i?lenmesidir. Bu çal??man?n amac?, ilkö?retim ikinci kademede Türkçe dersi ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?ndaki etkinliklerin gerçekle?tirilme durumunu inceleyerek bu kitaplar?n i?levsel olarak kullan?l?p kullan?lmad???n? belirlemektir. Ara?t?rmada nitel ara?t?rma yakla??m? çerçevesinde doküman inceleme yöntemi ve tarama tekni?i kullan?lm??t?r. ?ncelenecek Türkçe ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?n?n toplanaca?? ilkö?retim okullar?, amaçl? ve tabakalamal? örnekleme yolu ile belirlenmi?tir. Bu çerçevede 2008-2009 ö?retim y?l? sonunda Kayseri’de Melikgazi, Kocasinan ve Tomarza ilçelerinin her birinden 3 olmak üzere toplam 9 ilkö?retim okulu belirlenmi?tir. Okullar?n 6. ve 7. s?n?flar?nda ö?renim gören ö?renciler aras?ndan seçkisiz olarak 3’er ö?renci belirlenerek 6. ve 7. s?n?f düzeyinde 27’?er olmak üzere toplam 54 Türkçe Ö?renci Çal??ma Kitab? (ÖÇK toplanm??t?r. Her s?n?f düzeyinde bir seçmeli bir de zorunlu olmak üzere 4 tema seçilmi?tir. Ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?n?n belirlenen temalar?nda yer alan etkinliklerin gerçekle?tirilme düzeyini belirlemek amac?yla her bir etkinlik incelenerek durum tespiti yap?lm??t?r. Elde edilen verilere göre, incelenen kitaplar?ndaki gerçekle?tirilen etkinliklerin gerçekle?tirilmeyenlerden oransal olarak fazla olsa da ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?n?n i?levsel olarak kullan?lmad??? kanaatine var?lm??t?r.

Ali GÖÇER

2010-10-01

178

Turkish nursing students' views on practice assessments and service user involvement.  

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This descriptive study at one university in Turkey aimed to document nursing students' views on involvement of service users in clinical practice assessments. The study sample was comprised of 179 baccalaureate degree nursing students in their second, third, and fourth years of study. Data were collected using a questionnaire developed by the researchers. Participants indicated they had some problems with the present clinical practice assessment methods (73.2%) and that most of these stemmed from the clinical educators (68.2%). Sixty-eight percent of the participants responded positively to service user involvement in clinical practice assessments. However, some noted that this involvement might have some drawbacks. Results of the present study suggest that future studies on service user involvement in clinical practice assessment process are needed to further clarify this issue. PMID:23485223

Duygulu, Sergul; Abaan, Suheyla

2013-02-01

179

Investigating the Predictive Role of Social Self-Efficacy on Authenticity in Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between social self-efficacy and authenticity. The Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale and the Authenticity Scale were administrated to a sample of 308 university students. The research data were analysed by correlation and linear regression analysis. Social self-efficacy is positively related to authentic living, and is negatively related to accepting external influence, and self-alienating. The linear regression analysis showed that social self-efficacy was a significant predictor of authenticity. The significance and limitations of the results are discussed.

Seydi Ahmet Satici

2013-08-01

180

A study on preschoolers' conceptual perceptions of states of matter: a case study of Turkish students  

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Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The purpose of the present study is to identify preschoolers' conceptual perceptions of states of matter, this issue that they often come across in their daily and social life. The study was designed as a qualitative case study. The population of the study was comprised of 25 preschoolers studying a [...] t two primary schools located in Kirikkale and Kir?ehir, Turkey. The data were collected through the Science Concepts Perception Test (SCPT), which contained 10 semi-structured questions suitable for the level of preschoolers. The data were subject to content analysis, a qualitative method of data analysis, in order to identify how the students perceived science concepts.

Murat, Demirba& #351; ; Nurcan, Ertu& #287; rul.

2014-03-01

181

Turkish University Students’ Perceptions of the World Wide Web as a Learning Tool: An Investigation Based on Gender, Socio-Economic Background, and Web Experience  

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Full Text Available The main purpose of the study is to investigate Turkish undergraduate students’ perceptions of the Web as a learning tool and to analyze whether their perceptions differ significantly based on gender, socio-economic background, and Web experience. Data obtained from 722 undergraduate students (331 males and 391 females were used in the analyses. The findings indicated significant differences based on gender, socio-economic background, and Web experience. The students from higher socio-economic backgrounds indicated significantly higher attitude scores on the self-efficacy subscale of the Web attitude scale. Similarly, the male students indicated significantly higher scores on the self-efficacy subscale than the females. Also, the students with higher Web experience in terms of usage frequency indicated higher scores on all subscales (i.e., self-efficacy, affective, usefulness, Web-based learning. Moreover, the two-way ANOVA results indicated that the student’s PC ownership has significant main effects on their Web attitudes and on the usefulness, self-efficacy, and affective subscales.

Erkan Tekinarslan

2009-04-01

182

Teachers' Perceptions of Students Who Wear Hearing Aids: An Empirical Test.  

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Teachers with no experience, some experience, and specialists with hearing impaired students (10-14 years old) rated slides showing students with and without hearing aids in terms of appearance, personality, socioeconomic status, and assertiveness. When students wore hearing aids they were perceived differently than when they wore no aid.…

Brimacombe, Judy A.; And Others

1983-01-01

183

The Challenge of Evaluating Students' Scientific Literacy in a Writing-to-Learn Context  

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This paper reports on the challenge of evaluating students' scientific literacy in a writing-to-learn context, as illustrated by our experience with an online science-writing project. In this mixed methods study, year 9 students in a case study class (13-14 year olds, n?=?26) authored a series of two "hybridised" short stories that…

Tomas, Louisa; Ritchie, Stephen M.

2015-01-01

184

AN EVALUATION OF ARAB STUDENTS’ TURKISH WRITING SKILLS ARAP Ö?RENC?LER?N TÜRKÇE YAZILI ANLATIM BECER?LER?N?N DE?ERLEND?R?LMES?  

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Full Text Available In this study, writing skills of Arab students learning Turkish as a foreign language is analysed with respect to error analysis approach. This study has been performed on 20 Arab students who have learned Turkish in Istanbul University. The data of the study are obtained by asking students to write 250-300-words compositions about “What did you think about Turkey before coming to this country?” Obtained data is classified as follows; grammatical errors, syntactic errors, lexical errors and spelling/punctuation errors. Then, these errors are evaluated according to error analysis approach as negative transfer errors and developmental errors. The result of evaluation put forward that 372 errors consists of 16,39 % grammatical error, 13,17% syntactic error, 15,59 % lexical error 54,58 % spelling/punctuation error. Besides, it is observed that students’ grammatical errors are mostly developmental error (52, 5% and negative transfer is more significant in spelling/punctuation (62, 2%, syntactic (55, 1 % and lexical (60, 3 % errors. Bu çal??mada, yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen Arap ö?rencilerin Türkçe yaz?l? anlat?m becerileri yanl?? çözümlemesi yakla??m?na göre de?erlendirilmi?tir. Bu çal??ma, ?stanbul Üniversitesinde yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen 20 Arap ö?renci üzerinde yap?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n verileri, ö?rencilere “Türkiye’ye gelmeden önce Türkiye hakk?nda neler dü?ünüyordunuz?” konulu 250-300 sözcüklük birer kompozisyon yazd?r?larak toplanm??t?r. Elde edilen veriler, ilk önce ?u biçimde s?n?fland?r?lm??t?r: Dilbilgisi yanl??lar?, sözdizimsel yanl??lar, sözcük seçiminden kaynaklanan yanl??lar, yaz?m-noktalama yanl??lar?. Daha sonra bu yanl??lar, yanl?? çözümlemesi yakla??m?na göre olumsuz aktar?m yanl??lar? ve dilsel geli?im yanl??lar? olmak üzere grupland?r?larak de?erlendirilmi?tir. De?erlendirme sonucunda, toplam 372 yanl???n % 16,39’unun dilbilgisi, % 13,17’sisinin sözdizimi, % 15,59’unun sözcük seçimi ve % 54,58’ünün ise yaz?m ve noktalama yanl??? oldu?u görülmü?tür. Ayr?ca, ö?rencilerin dilbilgisi konusunda daha çok geli?imsel yanl?? yapt?klar? görülürken (% 52,5, yaz?m noktalama (% 62,2, sözcük seçimi (% 60,3 ve söz dizimi (55,1 konusunda yapt?klar? yanl??larda olumsuz aktar?m?n etkisinin daha fazla oldu?u saptanm??t?r.

Fatma BÖLÜKBA?

2011-09-01

185

Metaphors of Turkish Preservice Teachers about the Concept of "Literature"  

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This research has been done for the purpose of searching out the perceptions of the Turkish preservice teachers related to the term of "Literature" by the help of the concept of metaphors. 230 students have been participated to the study who have studied at Mehmet Akif Ersoy University(Turkey),Faculty of Education, Department of Turkish…

Bagci, Hasan

2013-01-01

186

Evaluation of the Turkish text types in Turkish course books in primary schools  

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The skill of and responsibility for using the mother language accurately starts in the first grade of the primary school. In this context, the textbooks of the Turkish language courses have important duties to fulfill. The texts in the coursebooks, thus, function as the means to demonstrate the students the richness, delicacy, and beauty of the mother tongue in order to provide an awareness and endearment of the language. Distinguished samples of the Turkish and world literature are operat...

Emine Kolaç

2009-01-01

187

Perspectives of Turkish Intern and Non-Intern Students towards Sport Management Internship within the Context of Field Experience  

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The purpose of this study was to examine differences between intern and non-intern students in terms of their perspectives on sport management internship within the context of field experience. The subjects of the study were a total of 189 students. They were 4th year students who completed their internship and 3rd year students who were yet to…

Coknaz, Dilsad

2014-01-01

188

3D Visualization Types in Multimedia Applications for Science Learning: A Case Study for 8th Grade Students in Greece  

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This research aims to determine whether the use of specific types of visualization (3D illustration, 3D animation, and interactive 3D animation) combined with narration and text, contributes to the learning process of 13- and 14- years-old students in science courses. The study was carried out with 212 8th grade students in Greece. This…

Korakakis, G.; Pavlatou, E. A.; Palyvos, J. A.; Spyrellis, N.

2009-01-01

189

Determination of association between some caries-related factors in permanent teeth with body mass index of female school students in Tehran, Iran  

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Introduction: Some investigations have shown a direct and significant correlation between BMI (body mass index) and dental caries. The aim of this study was to determine the association between obesity and dental caries in the permanent teeth of 12?14-year-old female students of guidance schools in districts 5 and 6 in Tehran, Iran in 2011.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 950 female students, aged 12?14 years old, were selected randomly from guidance schoo...

Mozhgan Faezi; Nooshin Jalayer Naderi; Salimeh Lashkari

2013-01-01

190

A longitudinal study of perceptions of self-concept and professional self-concept in Turkish nursing students  

OpenAIRE

This study was conducted to determine the relationship between self-concept and professional self-concept amongst nursing students undertaking a four year degree.A descriptive longitudinal study was applied amongst all nursing students undertaking a four year degree starting in the academic year 2006-2007. The sample consists of total 78 students. The data collection was via two Likert scale type questionnaires about the self description of students and their descriptions of the professional ...

Zehra Göçmen Baykara; Nurcan Çal??kan; Gulen Addis; Ayi?e Karada?; Ferudun Sezgin

2013-01-01

191

Effects of Attributional Retraining on Strategy-Based Reading Comprehension in Learning-Disabled Students.  

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Seventy-five learning-disabled students (10 to 14 years old) received instructions about summarization strategies and about personal causality that were designed to improve reading comprehension. Changes in antecedent attributions about personal causality were not usually altered by this program-specific attributional training, although…

Borkowski, John G.; And Others

1988-01-01

192

Comparison of empathy skills and conflict tendency in preclinical and clinical phase Turkish medical students: a cross-sectional study  

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Results: The mean scores of empathy skills did not differ across males and females. Passive antithetical conflict was higher in females, active conflict score was higher in year one students. A significant increase was found in empathy in last year. Total conflict tendency was higher in students who were not satisfied with their medical education. Existantial conflict was found to be decreased with increasing empathic skills. Conclusion: There is a significant difference between year one and year six in medical students for active conflict tendency, and better empathy skills are present in year six students.

inci meltem atay

2014-01-01

193

Factores de riesgo para enfermedad respiratoria en población de 5 a 14 años de una Localidad de Bogotá, 2012-2013 / Respiratory disease risk factors in the 5-14 year-old population in an area of Bogota, 2012-2013  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo Establecer la prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios, asma y rinitis, posiblemente asociados a la contaminación del aire en niños entre 5 y 14 años, en la localidad de Bosa, año 2012-2013. Métodos Se tomó una muestra de 553 niños residentes en la localidad de Bosa. Resultados Cuando el niño [...] habita con personas que fuman tiene 1,5 veces más de riesgo de toser en la noche respecto a los niños cuyos contactos no fuman. Los niños que habitan en viviendas con chimeneas a menos de 100 m de distancia tienen 1,6 veces la probabilidad de presentar el síntoma. Quienes asisten al colegio de mayor exposición y además tienen edificaciones en construcción o vías en mal estado a menos de 100 m de sus viviendas, presentan 2,5 veces la posibilidad de manifestar el evento. En cuanto a presentar sibilancias en el último año, los niños que tienen humedades en su habitación presentan 4 veces la probabilidad de manifestarlas. Hay un incremento del riesgo de sibilancias en un 80 % cuando el niño vive a menos de 100 m de edificaciones en construcción o vías sin pavimentar y además asiste al colegio de mayor exposición. Conclusiones Son tan importantes las intervenciones gubernamentales para la modificación de los factores de riesgo extramurales asociados a la enfermedad respiratoria como las mejoras que deben llevarse a cabo extramuralmente. Abstract in english Objective Establishing the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis, possibly associated with air pollution, in 5- to 14-year-old children in Bosa (a conurbation of Bogota), between 2012 and 2013. Methods A sample was taken of 553 children living in the conurbation. Results The result [...] s indicated that when a child lives with people who smoke there was a 1.5 times risk of coughing at night (compared to living in a non-smoking home) such night-time coughing being different to that produced by respiratory infections such as colds, bronchitis and pneumonia. Children living in homes having fireplaces/open cooking areas located less than 100 m apart had 1.6 times greater probability of presenting symptoms. Children attending schools having greater PM10 exposure and living near buildings being constructed or having roads in a poor state of repair less than 100 meters from their homes were 2.5 times more likely to suffer respiratory disease. Children living in damp rooms were 4 times more likely to have wheezed during the past year. The risk of wheezing became increased by 80 % when a child lived within 100 meters of buildings being constructed or near unpaved roads and attended a school having greater exposure. Conclusion Government intervention is critical for changing respiratory disease-associated extramural risk factors, such as improvements benefitting children which should be carried out in urban areas.

Natalia, Rodríguez-Moreno; Viviana, Martínez-Morales; Rodrigo, Sarmiento-Suarez; Katalina, Medina-Palacios; Luis J., Hernández.

2013-06-01

194

Factores de riesgo para enfermedad respiratoria en población de 5 a 14 años de una Localidad de Bogotá, 2012-2013 / Respiratory disease risk factors in the 5-14 year-old population in an area of Bogota, 2012-2013  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo Establecer la prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios, asma y rinitis, posiblemente asociados a la contaminación del aire en niños entre 5 y 14 años, en la localidad de Bosa, año 2012-2013. Métodos Se tomó una muestra de 553 niños residentes en la localidad de Bosa. Resultados Cuando el niño [...] habita con personas que fuman tiene 1,5 veces más de riesgo de toser en la noche respecto a los niños cuyos contactos no fuman. Los niños que habitan en viviendas con chimeneas a menos de 100 m de distancia tienen 1,6 veces la probabilidad de presentar el síntoma. Quienes asisten al colegio de mayor exposición y además tienen edificaciones en construcción o vías en mal estado a menos de 100 m de sus viviendas, presentan 2,5 veces la posibilidad de manifestar el evento. En cuanto a presentar sibilancias en el último año, los niños que tienen humedades en su habitación presentan 4 veces la probabilidad de manifestarlas. Hay un incremento del riesgo de sibilancias en un 80 % cuando el niño vive a menos de 100 m de edificaciones en construcción o vías sin pavimentar y además asiste al colegio de mayor exposición. Conclusiones Son tan importantes las intervenciones gubernamentales para la modificación de los factores de riesgo extramurales asociados a la enfermedad respiratoria como las mejoras que deben llevarse a cabo extramuralmente. Abstract in english Objective Establishing the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis, possibly associated with air pollution, in 5- to 14-year-old children in Bosa (a conurbation of Bogota), between 2012 and 2013. Methods A sample was taken of 553 children living in the conurbation. Results The result [...] s indicated that when a child lives with people who smoke there was a 1.5 times risk of coughing at night (compared to living in a non-smoking home) such night-time coughing being different to that produced by respiratory infections such as colds, bronchitis and pneumonia. Children living in homes having fireplaces/open cooking areas located less than 100 m apart had 1.6 times greater probability of presenting symptoms. Children attending schools having greater PM10 exposure and living near buildings being constructed or having roads in a poor state of repair less than 100 meters from their homes were 2.5 times more likely to suffer respiratory disease. Children living in damp rooms were 4 times more likely to have wheezed during the past year. The risk of wheezing became increased by 80 % when a child lived within 100 meters of buildings being constructed or near unpaved roads and attended a school having greater exposure. Conclusion Government intervention is critical for changing respiratory disease-associated extramural risk factors, such as improvements benefitting children which should be carried out in urban areas.

Natalia, Rodríguez-Moreno; Viviana, Martínez-Morales; Rodrigo, Sarmiento-Suarez; Katalina, Medina-Palacios; Luis J., Hernández.

2013-05-01

195

The Effects of the Cooperative Learning Method Supported by Multiple Intelligence Theory on Turkish Elementary Students' Mathematics Achievement  

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In the present experimental study, the effects of the cooperative learning method supported by multiple intelligence theory (CLMI) on elementary school fourth grade students' academic achievement and retention towards the mathematics course were investigated. The participants of the study were 150 students who were divided into two experimental…

Isik, Dilek; Tarim, Kamuran

2009-01-01

196

The Turkish Standardization of the Meadow-Kendall Social-Emotional Assessment Inventory for Deaf and Hearing-Impaired Students  

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The article present results of standardization of the Meadow-Kendall Social-Emotional Assessment Inventory for Deaf and Hearing-Impaired Students (Meadow, 1983), school-age version, for use in Turkey. The SEAI is a 59-item measure for assessing socioemotional adjustment of school-age deaf and hearing impaired students. A sample of 1,097 deaf…

Polat, Filiz

2006-01-01

197

A longitudinal study of perceptions of self-concept and professional self-concept in Turkish nursing students  

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Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine the relationship between self-concept and professional self-concept amongst nursing students undertaking a four year degree.A descriptive longitudinal study was applied amongst all nursing students undertaking a four year degree starting in the academic year 2006-2007. The sample consists of total 78 students. The data collection was via two Likert scale type questionnaires about the self description of students and their descriptions of the professional qualities of nurses which were issued a week apart. The first questionnaire consisted of a self-report form of 40 adjectives and students were asked to rate the suitability of each adjective for describing their personality. The second questionnaire employed the same adjectives as the first questionnaire. Students were asked to rate how necessary it was for professional nurses to possess these qualities. SPSS was used to analyse the data via percentages and Cohen’s Kappa method. The data for first year students showed 77.6% were happy to have chosen nursing but significant nearly a quarter were not. 85.9% thought they had similar characteristics to those required by nursing but there was a significant minority of almost one sixth who felt they did not have the required characteristics. The congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept was highest in the fourth year followed by the first year with the second year being the lowest. Congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept across all four years was evident from our study. Some implications of these findings for nursing education and practice are considered. A realistic approach to what is involved in both the study and practice of nursing can increase the self and professional self-concept congruence. It is important for nursing educators to effectively manage student expectations as a better alignment of these with actual situations helps students cope with the demands placed upon them.

Zehra Göçmen Baykara

2013-05-01

198

Evaluation of the Turkish text types in Turkish course books in primary schools  

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Full Text Available The skill of and responsibility for using the mother language accurately starts in the first grade of the primary school. In this context, the textbooks of the Turkish language courses have important duties to fulfill. The texts in the coursebooks, thus, function as the means to demonstrate the students the richness, delicacy, and beauty of the mother tongue in order to provide an awareness and endearment of the language. Distinguished samples of the Turkish and world literature are operative in raising the students’ awareness of the rules of Turkish, as well as tranforming this awareness into behavior, and later into habits. As a result, it is important for the school textbooks to contain texts which are compatible with the objectives of the curriculum and which have high literary value. Are the texts which are keys for achieving the fundamental skills and program objectives stated in the curricula of the Turkish language courses in the primary schools (in grades 1-8 by the Turkish Ministry of Educationand which are mentioned in the coursebooks -distributed to the schools by the ministry- actually adequate for meeting these expectations? In order to evaluate the current situation and improve the quality of Turkish language teaching, the texts need to be analyzed, problems need to be identified and stated, and solutions need to be sought through careful examination and research.The present study reports on a descriptive analysis of the Turkish language textbooks (for grades 1-5; 6-8 distributed to the schools by the National Ministry of Education in 2007. The genre and the quality of the texts have been investigated. Data have been obtained through document analysis which is one of the qualitative research methods. A total of 237 (144+93 texts have been studied individually with respect to text type and their distribution. Findings have been reported in frequency tables in addition to samples from the texts, and a discussion of the findings have also been provided.

Emine Kolaç

2009-04-01

199

Examination of Turkish Students' Opinions Related to Values in the Example of Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Turkey  

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Reflecting effective and psychomotor skills to teaching environment are as important as cognitive skills in learning process. In this context, values are important to develop skills in affective domain. In this study, the opinions of the students who have been studying in three different countries (Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Turkey) were aimed to be…

Tasdemir, Adem

2012-01-01

200

A Cross-Cultural Study of ICT Competency, Attitude and Satisfaction of Turkish, Polish and Czech University Students  

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Due to various factors, countries begin to have different levels of information and communication technologies (ICT) and they have their own unique culture of ICT usage. This case appears interesting especially when we consider university students' proficiency, attitudes and satisfaction in use of ICT. The purpose of this study is to examine the…

Dincer, Serkan; Sahinkayasi, Yunis

2011-01-01

201

The Effectiveness of Psycho-Educational School-Based Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Training Program on Turkish Elementary Students  

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In Turkey, there is neither systematic nor structured child sexual abuse prevention programs for school-aged children in school settings. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a school-based child sexual abuse prevention program on elementary school (4th grade) students. Quasi-experimental design with pretest,…

Cecen-Erogul, Ayse Rezan; Kaf Hasirci, Ozlem

2013-01-01

202

Exploring the Relationship between Purpose of Computer Usage and Reading Skills of Turkish Students: Evidence from PISA 2006  

Science.gov (United States)

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) has conducted a series of educational assessments in many OECD and non-OECD countries to support their sustainable economic growth since 2000. These assessments are named Program for International Student Achievement (PISA); they focus on the capabilities of 15-year olds in three main…

Gumus, Sedat; Atalmis, Erkan Hasan

2011-01-01

203

Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study  

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This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students were…

Yilmaz, Harun

2011-01-01

204

Evaluating environmental tobacco smoke exposure in a group of Turkish primary school students and developing intervention methods for prevention  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background In countries like Turkey where smoking is highly prevalent, children's exposure to tobacco smoke is an important public health problem. The goals of this study were to determine the self-reported environmental tobacco smoke exposure status of primary school students in grades 3 to 5, to verify self-reported exposure levels with data provided from a biomarker of exposure, and to develop methods for preventing school children from passive smoking. Methods The study was conducted on 347 primary school students by using a standard questionnaire and urinary cotinine tests. Children with verified ETS exposure were randomly assigned to 2 intervention groups. Two phone interviews were conducted with the parents of the first group regarding their children's passive smoking status and its possible consequences. On the other hand, a brief note concerning urinary cotinine test result was sent to parents of the second group. Nine months after the initial urinary cotinine tests, measurements were repeated in both groups. Results According to questionnaire data, 59.9% of the study group (208 of 347 were exposed to ETS. Urinary cotinine measurements of children were highly consistent with the self-reported exposure levels (P 0.05. Conclusion Self-reported ETS exposure was found to be pretty accurate in the 9–11 age group when checked with urinary cotinine tests. Only informing parents that their childrens' ETS exposure were confirmed by a laboratory test seems to be very promising in preventing children from ETS.

Davutoglu Mehmet

2007-08-01

205

Determination of Turkish Education Teacher Candidates’ Views Related to Critical Thinking  

OpenAIRE

In this research, the aim is to determine the views of Turkish Education teacher candidates related to critical thinking. The data have been obtained by “California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory” transcribed into Turkish by Kökdemir (2003). The research group of the study is composed of 195 students in the department of Turkish Education in Faculty of Education at Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University. Descriptive statistics, t test and one-way analysis of variance have been used f...

C?eti?nkaya, Zeynep

2011-01-01

206

A REV?EW ON SCIENTIFIC EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS OF TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study is to determine scientific epistemological beliefs of Turkish teacher candidates. In this research, we used survey method. In this study, 117 selected students by easily accessible sampling techniques participated from department of Turkish education, Faculty of Education of Atatürk University. “Scientific Epistemological Beliefs Survey” adapted in Turkish by Acat, Tüken and Karada? (2010) was used to collect the data. The collected data of the study analyzed ...

S?eref, I?zzet; Yilmaz, I?sa; Varis?og?lu, Behice

2012-01-01

207

Greek Cypriot attitudes toward Turkish Cypriots and Turkish immigrants.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors examined the attitudes of 106 Greek Cypriots toward Turkish Cypriots and Turkish immigrants on Cyprus. The authors examined Greek Cypriot attitudes, willingness to cohabit with Turkish Cypriots and Turkish immigrants, and the reasons behind their attitudes in terms of their social-identity perceptions, victimization experiences, and human-rights concerns. A series of repeated measures analyses of variance showed that Greek Cypriots were more willing to cohabit with and had less negative attitudes toward Turkish Cypriots than they were with and toward Turkish immigrants. Women felt more victimized by Turkish Cypriots and Turkish immigrants than did men. Perceived differences in social identity predicted unwillingness to cohabit with Turkish Cypriots. Feelings of victimization predicted negative attitudes toward Turkish Cypriots. Differences in social identity and victimization experiences predicted unwillingness to cohabit with Turkish immigrants. Differences in social identity predicted negative attitudes toward Turkish immigrants. The authors discussed the findings in terms of support for realistic group conflict theories of attitudes and their implications for the coexistence of these ethnic groups in Cyprus and of other ethnic groups in multicultural societies. PMID:16894701

Danielidou, Liana; Horvath, Peter

2006-08-01

208

Self-reliance through self-assessment and third-party assessment? : the potential and the limits of fostering the use of "Can do" checklists as a meta-cognitive strategy ; findings of a targeted intervention following 13 and 14 year old German class Gymnasium students  

OpenAIRE

Neben der Frage nach der leistungssteigernden Wirkung von sogenannten "Ich-kann"-Checklisten auf die Metakognitionsstrategien der Schülerinnen und Schüler, geht die Arbeit auch den Fragen nach, welche Schülerinnen und Schüler "Ich-kann"-Checklisten nutzen, in welcher Form und unter welchen Kontextmerkmalen sie am wirksamsten sind. Dabei handelt es sich um Listen mit festgelegten, fachlichen und überfachlichen Kompetenzen einer bzw. mehrerer Unterrichtseinheiten, die in Form von „Ich-ka...

Friedrich, Katja

2012-01-01

209

Parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality among Turkish college students / Türk üniversite ö?rencileri aras?nda cinsellikle ilgili konularda anne ve babayla ileti?im ve alg?lanan anne baba tutumlar?  

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Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis current study was conducted to examine parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality with respect to gender among Turkish college students. Moreover, attitudes toward premarital sexuality with respect to gender were explored. A demographic data form, premarital sexual permissiveness scale, parental communication about sexuality scale and parental attitudes about sexuality scale were administered to 366 (217 female and 148 male college students, aged 18 to 26. The results indicated that females held more conservative premarital sexual attitudes than males; females talked to their mothers, while males talked to their fathers more about sexuality issues. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that gender was significant on the perceived maternal attitudes about sexuality, whereas perceived paternal attitudes about sexuality were not found to be significant with respect to gender. Future research is needed to explore variables that may contribute to the differences in parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality.

Nursel TOPKAYA

2012-12-01

210

Distance Education in Turkish Higher Education  

OpenAIRE

The term distance education is used to define education where educators and learners are physically separated. The first use of the distance education as a term goes back to 1924 in Turkey. Establishment of the Open Education Faculty of Anadolu University is the first initiative for the appearance of distance education in the Turkish Higher Education. Distance education is offered at different levels of higher education at present. Changes happening in technology and students characteristics ...

Akdemi?r, O?mu?r

2011-01-01

211

Perceptions of Preservice Teachers regarding the Integration of Information and Communication Technologies in Turkish Education Faculties  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored the views of pre-service teachers regarding the indicators of information and communication technologies (ICT) at Turkish education faculties. A cross-sectional survey design was implemented with graduating students enrolled in Turkish education faculties. A combination of stratified random sampling and systematic sampling was…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Odabasi, H. Ferhan; Kuzu, Abdullah

2011-01-01

212

Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?  

Science.gov (United States)

Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being…

Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

2013-01-01

213

Influence of Students’ Understanding and Goal Commitment on Academic Achievement in Introductory Technology in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria  

OpenAIRE

The study examined the influence of students’ understanding and goal commitment on their academic achievement in Introductory Technology in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. An ex-post facto survey design was used and a random sample of 2,500 junior secondary three (13-14 years old) students from a population of 48,302 JSS three students in the state public schools in 2008/2009 session. Data on independent variables were gathered with researchers – developed instrument called...

Akpan, Godwin A.; Mbaba, Uduak G.; Udofia, Aniefiok E.

2012-01-01

214

STUDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS OF THE REALIZATION PROCESS OF PROJECT AND PERFORMANCE TASKS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL TURKISH LANGUAGE COURSE (CASE OF MALATYA CITY)
?LKÖ?RET?M TÜRKÇE DERS? PROJE VE PERFORMANS GÖREVLER?N?N GERÇEKLE?T?R?LME SÜREC?NE YÖNEL?K Ö?RENC? GÖRÜ?LER? (MALATYA ?L? ÖRNE??)
 

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study is to determine students’ views about the implementation of project and performance tasks in second level primary school Turkish Language curriculum. A-28 item five-point Likert type Project and Performance Task scale was used to collect the data. The research group consisted of sixth, seventh and eighth grade students enrolled in 12 primary schools located in four education regions in Malatya city center. To analyze the data, independent groups t test was used in term...

Si?nan, Ahmet Turan; Demi?r, Sezgin; Go?mleksi?z, Mehmet Nuri

2010-01-01

215

Testing the Validity of the Emotional and Personality-Related Career Decision-Making Difficulties Questionnaire in Turkish Culture  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this study was to examine the emotional and personality-related career decision-making difficulties of high school students in Turkish culture, using the model proposed by Saka and Gati. A sample of 523 high school students filled out the Turkish version of the Emotional and Personality-Related Aspects of Career Decision-Making…

Oztemel, Kemal

2013-01-01

216

The Turkish power elite  

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Full Text Available This study aims to analyse, the general power structure of Turkish society, and specifically the Turkish power elite. Also, the relationships within and between the elite groups, and the distribution of power will be examined. This paper will also try to understand and explain the distribution of power in Turkish society: How far is power (effective power diffused in society or how far it is centralised and concentrated in the hands of elite groups? In accordance with the pluralists views one could argue that, power has been diffused and fragmented among many people or elite groups which together participate in the decision-making process in contemporary Turkish society. Nevertheless, decisive and effective power (parallel with the main thesis of the elitist view has been concentrated and centralised in the hands of the small number of elite groups which are the most powerful in the national power structure. They are predominant over other groups and these dominant groups know what others do not know and can do what others cannot do.

Ali Arslan

2006-08-01

217

PROBLEMS OF TURKISH LEXICOGRAPHY.  

Science.gov (United States)

THE LEXICOGRAPHICAL PROBLEMS IN THE TURKISH LANGUAGE WERE DISCUSSED. HISTORICAL REVIEW OF THE LANGUAGE WAS PRESENTED WITH PROBLEMS OF LEXICOGRAPHY THAT EXISTED IN THE PAST COMPARED WITH THOSE OF THE PRESENT. DISCUSSION TOPICS OF THE REPORT INCLUDED (1) NAME OF THE LANGUAGE, (2) DELIMITATION COMPARED WITH RELATED LANGUAGES, (3) DELIMINATION…

TIETZE, ANDREAS

218

ADAPTATION OF FACULTY ETHICAL BEHAVIORS SCALE INTO TURKISH  

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Full Text Available The quality of communication and interaction between faculty and students has vital importance for students’ learning and research process. Faculty and students are together at classrooms, laboratories, offices and other places and rarely outside the school. Their relationships at each place mentioned here are supposed to be within ethical principles. However, it is necessary to discover how students perceive faculty ethical behaviors. This study was carried out to adapt “Faculty Ethical Behaviors Scale” developed by Schnake, Fredenberger ve Dumler (2004 into Turkish. In the original scale, there were 4 sub dimensions and 29 items while there are 24 items below 4 sub dimensions. In this study, 352 students participated in Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA and 402 students for Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA process. As a result of the analysis made here, it can be concluded that the scale can be used in the Turkish culture. It can also be used to obtain comparable research results from other cultures.

Kenan ÖZCAN

2012-01-01

219

Turkish pepper (extra hot)  

OpenAIRE

A 38 year old female office worker was admitted with a newly discovered blood pressure of 250/110 mm Hg. Evaluation for secondary forms of hypertension was negative and treatment was begun. Sodium excretion was markedly reduced, plasma aldosterone was normal, and plasma renin activity was low. Therefore, presence of an aldosterone-like activity was suspected. Eventually, the patient confessed to abusing "Turkish Pepper", a brand of Scandinavian liquorice candies and "Fisherman's Friend", ano...

Woywodt, A.; Herrmann, A.; Choi, M.; Goebel, U.; Luft, F.

2000-01-01

220

Determinants of Turkish Inflation  

OpenAIRE

The main purpose in this paper is to investigate the determinants of inflationary process in Turkish economy. For this purpose, based on some potential causes of inflation, an empirical model is contructed upon emphasizing the roles of various factors on inflationary process. The results obtained support the view of cost-push inflation led by exchange rate depreciations, wage indexation mechanism, real interest structure and public sector pricing behaviour which is considered some part of who...

Saatcioglu, Cem; Korap, Levent

2006-01-01

221

THE FIRST BOSNIAN-TURKISH/TURKISH BOSNIAN LEXICOGRAPHIC WORK  

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Full Text Available In this work, the authoress interprets the frst Bosnian-Turkish/Turkish-Bosnian dictionary Maqbul-i ‘Arif, or better known as Potur Shahidi written by Muhammed Hevai Uskuf, a Bosnian Muslim, born in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in 1631 (Hevaji, 1724.

Edina Ustavdi?

2011-12-01

222

An Investigation of School Violence through Turkish Children's Drawings  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates Turkish children's perception of violence in school as represented through drawings and narratives. In all, 66 students (12 to 13 years old) from the middle socioeconomic class participated. To elicit children's perception of violence, they were asked to draw a picture of a violent incident they had heard, experienced, or…

Yurtal, Filiz; Artut, Kazim

2010-01-01

223

An Overview of Undergraduate Physiology Education in Turkish Medical Faculties  

Science.gov (United States)

Physiology education, which occupies an important place in undergraduate medical education, exhibits diversities across the world. Since there was no specific source of information about physiology education in Turkish medical faculties, the authors aimed to evaluate the general status of undergraduate physiology teaching of medical students in…

Balkanci, Z. Dicle; Pehlivanoglu, Bilge

2008-01-01

224

Parenting Styles and Life Satisfaction of Turkish Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined adolescents' perception of satisfaction from various life domains according to gender and parenting styles among 562 Turkish adolescents [53.2% girls; Mean (M) age = 14.1, Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.85]. The participants completed the multidimensional students' life satisfaction scale and the parenting style inventory. The…

Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya

2012-01-01

225

Examining the Underlying Values of Turkish and German Mathematics Teachers' Decision Making Processes in Group Studies  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explore the values underlying the decision-making processes in group studies for Turkish and German mathematics teachers. This study presented a small part of a wider study investigating German and Turkish mathematics teachers' and their students' values (Values in Mathematics Teaching in Turkey and…

Dede, Yuksel

2013-01-01

226

Adaptation of Academic Self-Efficacy Scale into Turkish  

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Full Text Available Purpose of this study is to adapt Academic Self-efficacy Scale into Turkish, determine validity and reliability of the scale developed by Morgan and Jinks (2003. Because of the correlation between the marks obtained from the English and Turkish Forms of the scale is .95, both of these forms were accepted as equivalent. Working group of the study included 380 students who were attending 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grades of four different primary schools in three counties of Ankara. Structural validity of the scale determined through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. As a result of exploratory factor analysis, it was seen that scale has three factor structure as it was original, but the third factor formed different factor. Factors were ability, context, and educational quality. Scale's reliability of Turkish form was determined as .80 with repetition and through Cronbach alfa inner reliability technique as .82.

Hüseyin ÖNCÜ

2012-04-01

227

THE PERSPECTIVES OF THE STUDENTS ON TURKISH LANGUAGE, LITERATURE AND CULTURE STUDING TURKOLOGY IN EUROPE: SAMPLE OF FRANCE INALCO AVRUPA’DA TÜRKOLOJ? Ö?REN?M? GÖREN Ö?RENC?LER?NTÜRK D?L?, EDEB?YATI ve KÜLTÜRÜNE ?L??K?N GÖRÜ?LER?: FRANSA INALCO ÖRNE??  

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Full Text Available The research comes out of the seek for the answer of the question that what are the points of view of the students having Turkish language education at foreign universities for Turkish language, literature, history, culture and why have they selected the Turcology department for their studies. By following these questions, the aim of this research is; evaluating the opinion of the students of Eurasian Turkish Studies programme of National Institute of Oriental Languages and Civilizations located in Paris (Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales: INALCO. The study is conducted by using descriptive scanning model on the autumn semester of 2010-2011 academic year. All datas about the opinions of the students continuing Turkish Language and Literature are collected by fifteen open-ended questions. Ara?t?rman?n ortaya ç?k?? nedeni, yurt d???nda Türk dilinin okutuldu?u üniversitelerde ö?renim gören ö?rencilerin Türk diline, edebiyat?na, tarihine, kültürüne yönelik bak?? aç?lar?na, neden Türkoloji bölümünü seçtiklerine dair yan?t aramakt?r. Bu sorulardan hareketle gerçekle?tirilen ara?t?rmada amaç, Do?u Dilleri ve Medeniyetleri Enstitüsü (Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales: INALCO Avrasya Türklük Ara?t?rmalar? Bölümünde ö?renim gören ö?rencilerin, Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? hakk?ndaki görü?lerini de?erlendirmektir. Betimsel tarama modeli kullan?larak gerçekle?tirilen çal??ma, 2010-2011 e?itim ö?retim y?l? güz döneminde gerçekle?tirilmi?tir. Türkoloji bölümüne devam eden ö?rencilerin Türk Dili, Edebiyat? hakk?ndaki görü?leri ile ilgili veriler on be? aç?k uçlu soru arac?l???yla elde edilmi?tir.

?smet ÇET?N

2012-01-01

228

The Adaptation of the Sources of Mathematics Self-Efficacy Scale for Turkish Context  

OpenAIRE

The aim of the study is to adapt the Sources of Middle School Mathematics Self-Efficacy Scale developed by, Usher and Pajares (2009) for Turkish context. After the Turkish version was formed through required procedures, it was administered with 750 middle school students of 6th, 7th and 8th grades. The ages of the students ranged between 12 and 15. The 48% of the students were female (n=408) and 52%of the students were male (n=342). 32% of the students were attending (n=242) sixth grade, 34?...

Yurt, Eyu?p Necmettin Erbakan U?niversitesi; Su?nbu?l, Ali Murat Necmettin Erbakan U?niversitesi

2014-01-01

229

Turkish electricity reform  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Turkish electricity reform has progressed slowly due to internal resistance against privatisation, and gained momentum after Electricity Market Law of 2001, prepared in line with EU Energy Acquis and established required institutional and legal framework. Although the eligibility threshold has reached 39% market opening rate, the dominant position of public both as owner and decision-maker is still the major problem in the sector. Currently Turkey is self-sufficient in electricity, but likely to face shortages in 10 years if the growing demand is not met by either speeding the liberalisation process, or joining the South East Europe Electricity Market. (author)

230

The Turkish Adaptation Study of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for 12-18 Year Old Children: Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which developed by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language, science,…

Karadeniz, Sirin; Buyukozturk, Sener; Akgun, Ozcan Erkan; Cakmak, Ebru Kilic; Demirel, Funda

2008-01-01

231

THE EXAMINATION OF TURKISH / TURKISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE TEACHER CANDIDATES’ ATTITUDES TOWARD TEACHER PROFESSION ACCORDING TO VARIOUS VARIABLES (KAFKAS UNIVERSITY SAMPLE)
TÜRKÇE VE TÜRK D?L? VE EDEB?YATI Ö?RETMEN? ADAYLARININ Ö?RETMENL?K MESLE??NE ?L??K?N TUTUMLARININ ÇE??TL? DE???KENLER AÇISINDAN ?NCELENMES? (KAFKAS ÜN?VERS?TES? ÖRNE??)
 

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study is to examine the attitudes of Turkish teachercandidates and Turkish Language and Literature teacher candidates,who attend to formation program, toward teacher profession according tovarious variables. 64 students from Kafkas University Education FacultyTurkish Education Department 4. grade, and 60 students from thepedagogical formation program which is given at the same faculty, as atotal 124 teacher candidates participated in this study. In this study“Attitude Measur...

Bozkirli, Ku?rs?ad C?ag?r?; Er, Onur

2011-01-01

232

Zenica Üniversitesi Türkoloji Bölümündeki Bo?nak Ö?rencilerin Türkçe Metin Okumadaki Sorunlar? The problems of Bosnian students at Turkology Department of Zenica University in reading Turkish texts  

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Full Text Available One of the basic skills of language teaching is reading. Readingskill briefly means vocalizing the symbols in text and comprehendingthe unity consisting of these symbols. Aim at reading skill iscomprehension of the reading text. In addition to that comprehension isoriginal purpose, pronunciation of the text is at least as crucial ascomprehending it in oral reading, one of the reading types. The reasonis that reader is not alone in oral reading. Audience exert effort fort hetext with the reader, either. In teaching Turkish to foreigners, generallyreading training and specifically oral reading are important just as inmother-tongue teaching.In the study, features of a successful oral reading are stated. Oralreading could be also thought as a reading skill scale in foreignlanguage teaching, as in mother-tongue, either. Oral reading skill of thestudents, learning Turkish as a foreign language, must be well.However, oral reading skill is within the other skills. Oral reading is areading skill activity. It is also a listening activity for the audience and aspeaking activity fort he reader. Teachers, teaching Turkish toforeigners, should make a point of oral reading because of the featuresof oral reading, stated here and below.In the study, Bosnian students’ basic oral reading mistakes havebeen tried to be identified. Within this scope, determined text has beenread by 19 students, composing the study group and their voice hasbeen recorded. Oral reading mistakes, word repetition, syncopation andvoice addings have been classified as misreading mistakes. Based ondefined mistakes, suggestions have been made upon solutions of them. Dil ö?retiminin temel becerilerinden biri de okumad?r. Okuma becerisi k?saca metindeki sembollerin seslendirilip, bu sembollerden olu?an bütünlü?ün anla??lmas? demektir. Okuma becerisinde amaç okunan metnin anla??lmas?d?r. Okuma türlerinden olan sesli okumada da anlamak as?l amaç olmakla birlikte metnin seslendirilmesi en az anlamak kadar önemlidir. Çünkü sesli okumada okuyucu yaln?z de?ildir. Dinleyici de okuyucuyla beraber metne yönelik çaba sarf etmektedir. Anadil e?itiminde oldu?u gibi Yabanc?lara Türkçe ö?retiminde de genelde okuma e?itimi özelde ise sesli okuma önemlidir.Çal??mada ba?ar?l? bir sesli okuman?n özellikleri belirtilmi?tir. Sesli okuma anadil e?itiminde oldu?u gibi yabanc? dil e?itiminde de okuma becerisi ölçe?i olarak dü?ünülebilir. Türkçeyi yabanc? dil olarak ö?renen ö?rencilerin sesli okuma becerilerin iyi olmas? gerekmektedir. Bununla birlikte sesli okuma becerisi di?er becerilerle iç içedir. Sesli okuma, okuma becerisi etkinli?i oldu?u gibi dinleyen için bir dinleme etkinli?i, okuyan için bir konu?ma etkinli?idir. Yabanc?lara Türkçe ö?reten ö?retmenler sesli okuman?n burada ve a?a??da belirtilen özelliklerinden dolay? sesli okumaya özen göstermelidirler.Bu çal??mada Bo?nak ö?rencilerin Türkçeyi ö?renirken yapt?klar? temel sesli okuma hatalar? tespit edilmeye çal???lm??t?r. Bu kapsamda çal??ma grubunu olu?turan 19 ö?renciye belirlenen bir metin okutulmu? ve sesleri kaydedilmi?tir. Sesli okuma hatalar? kelime tekrar?, hece yutumu, ses yutumu, ses eklemeleri, yanl?? okuma hatalar? olarak s?n?fland?r?lm??t?r. Belirlenen hatalardan yola ç?k?larak hatalar?n çözümlerine yönelik önerilerde bulunulmu?tur.

Mehmet KARA

2013-07-01

233

Quality of Life in Under-14-Year-Old Children After Adenotonsillectomy  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy is one of the most frequent surgical procedures especially in children. Several indications and contraindications have been suggested for this procedure. The benefits and the negative results of this operation have been studied by different researchers; nevertheless, to date, it is still a common procedure. The main purpose of this study is to obtain extensive information on the outcomes of adenotonsillectomy, according to the patient's physical, emotional and behavioral changes and also on the overall changes in his/her quality of life (QOL. Materials and Methods: All the children, aged 1-14, referred to the Besat Hospital clinics (Hamadan, Iran between March 2008 and March 2009 were included in this study. Overall, 86 children with documented indications underwent adenotonsillectomy, and were followed up for one year.  Two modified standard questionnaires for QOL were completed before and one year after the tonsillectomy. Upon the completion of this two-year study, statistical analyses were performed, and the demographic data of the study groups were compared with those of a same-age group. Results: Changes were observed in five main complaints as follow: Acute Recurrent tonsillitis was present in 86 patients preoperatively, but in only three cases postoperatively (pharyngitis. Confirmed chronic sinusitis was present in 24 patients preoperatively, but only in three cases during the year after the surgery. Oral breathing was seen in 82 patients preoperatively, but only in one patient during the year after the surgery. Nocturnal snoring was seen in 83 children preoperatively, but in 25 cases during the year after the surgery. Halitosis was present in 71 patients, while and halitosis was seen in 27 during the year after the surgery. Conclusion: Overall, the majority of the parameters studied showed significant differences after surgery.

Fathollah Behnoud

2010-10-01

234

Avulsion fracture of the acromial physis in a 14-year-old boy: a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Scapular fractures are uncommon and among them acromial fractures are even more uncommon. Because the vast majority of acromial fractures are either non-displaced or minimally displaced, symptomatic and nonoperative management was performed. We describe a case of avulsion fracture of the acromial physis displaced by acromioclavicular ligament treated with open reduction and internal fixation, and include a review of the literature. PMID:25501273

Park, Kyoung-Jin; Kim, Yong-Min; Kim, Dong-Soo; Choi, Eui-Sung; Shon, Hyun-Chul; Jeong, Jae-Jung

2015-02-01

235

Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty for sleep apnea in mentally retarded obese 14-year-old: an anaesthetic challenge.  

Science.gov (United States)

Anaesthetic management of patients with obstructive sleep apnea for upper airway surgery has always been a challenging task. We report our anaesthetic approach for a young, mentally retarded obese patient with documented obstructive sleep apnea undergoing uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. The therapeutic intervention before, during and after operation is discussed. PMID:12648207

Govindarajan, R; Bakalova, T; Gerges, M; Mendelsohn, M; Michael, R; Abadir, A

2003-03-01

236

Quality of Life in Under-14-Year-Old Children After Adenotonsillectomy  

OpenAIRE

Introduction: Tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy is one of the most frequent surgical procedures especially in children. Several indications and contraindications have been suggested for this procedure. The benefits and the negative results of this operation have been studied by different researchers; nevertheless, to date, it is still a common procedure. The main purpose of this study is to obtain extensive information on the outcomes of adenotonsillectomy, according to the patient'...

Fathollah Behnoud; Saadat Torabian

2010-01-01

237

The development of clear speech strategies in 9-14 year olds  

OpenAIRE

This study investigated the development of global clear speech strategies of child talkers. Two groups of 20 talkers aged 9-10 (children) and 13-14 (teens) were recorded in pairs while they carried out spot the difference picture tasks, either hearing each other normally (NB condition) or with one talker hearing the other via a three-channel noise vocoder (VOC condition). Acoustic-phonetic analyses focused on the talker having to overcome the communication barrier. Data were compared to those...

Pettinato, M.; Hazan, V.

2013-01-01

238

STUDY ON DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF COMBATIVITY OF JUDOKA 11-14 YEARS OLD  

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Full Text Available Given the purpose of the research and the expectations, we formulated the following hypotheses: 1. Combativity is a component of the mental capacity that promotes / limits athletic performance in judo. 2. In the preparatory process the combativity is an independent variable of the mental capacity. To conduct this research we used the questionnaire method. Thus we developed a questionnaire entitled "Questionnaire for discovering the combative spirit level", which contains 25 questions. The questionnaire was applied to a sample of 12 judo athletes aged 11 to 14 years, which is the experimental group of the present research and who are legitimated at Royal Judo Club Bac?u. The implementation of a strategy to optimize the combativity of judoka 11-14 years at the experimental level, ended with good results and was reflected in the evolution of the judoka, achieving good and very good results in the competitive period.

Sava Mihai Adrian

2014-03-01

239

Mucin-producing Malignant Tumor of Lower Eyelid Presenting in a 14-year-old Patient  

OpenAIRE

Malignancies of the ocular adnexa are rare, aggressive tumors with significant potential for local recurrence and metastases. Although basal cell carcinoma remains the most common malignancy of the eyelid, encompassing more than 90 percent of all periocular cancers, several other malignant neoplasms have been reported. Malignant ocular adnexal neoplasms are most commonly of sweat gland origin and include hidradenocarcinoma, mucinous eccrine adenocarcinoma, and apocrine adenocarcinoma of the g...

Latorre, Andrea; Alghothani, Lana; Lambert, David; Jatana, Kris R.; Peters, Sara; Foster, Jill; Hill, Robert

2012-01-01

240

Improvements in Behavioral Symptoms following Antibiotic Therapy in a 14-Year-Old Male with Autism  

OpenAIRE

This case report describes the benefits of antibiotic and antifungal therapy on behavior in a child with autism undergoing treatment for encopresis. Over the course of treatment, the child exhibited a reduction in aberrant behaviors, increased gastrointestinal function, and improved quality of life.

Lucas Ramirez, P.; Kelly Barnhill; Alan Gutierrez; Claire Schutte; Laura Hewitson

2013-01-01

241

Improvements in Behavioral Symptoms following Antibiotic Therapy in a 14-Year-Old Male with Autism.  

Science.gov (United States)

This case report describes the benefits of antibiotic and antifungal therapy on behavior in a child with autism undergoing treatment for encopresis. Over the course of treatment, the child exhibited a reduction in aberrant behaviors, increased gastrointestinal function, and improved quality of life. PMID:23853732

Ramirez, P Lucas; Barnhill, Kelly; Gutierrez, Alan; Schutte, Claire; Hewitson, Laura

2013-01-01

242

Size and maturity mismatch in youth soccer players 11- to 14-years-old.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study was to compare the anthropometric, functional and sport-specific skill characteristics and goal orientations of male youth soccer players at the extremes of height and skeletal maturity in two competitive age groups, 11-12 and 13-14 years. The shortest and tallest players, and least and most skeletally mature players (n = 8 per group) within each age group were compared on chronological age; skeletal age (Fels method); pubertal status (pubic hair); size, proportions and adiposity; four functional capacities; four soccer-specific skills; and task and ego orientation. The tallest players were older chronologically, advanced in maturity (skeletal, pubertal) and heavier, and had relatively longer legs than the shortest players in each age group. At 11-12 years, the most mature players were chronologically younger but advanced in pubertal status, taller and heavier with more adiposity. At 13-14 years, the most mature players were taller, heavier and advanced in pubertal status but did not differ in chronological age compared with the least mature players. Players at the extremes of height and skeletal maturity differed in speed and power (tallest > shortest; most mature > least mature), but did not differ consistently in aerobic endurance and in soccer-specific skills. Results suggested that size and strength discrepancies among youth players were not a major advantage or disadvantage to performance. By inference, coaches and sport administrators may need to provide opportunities for or perhaps protect smaller, skilled players during the adolescent years. PMID:21242608

Figueiredo, António J; Coelho E Silva, Manuel J; Cumming, Sean P; Malina, Robert M

2010-11-01

243

A Controlled Evaluation of a School-Based Obesity Prevention in Turkish School Children  

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This research was conducted to assess the effect of a weight management program in Turkish school children with overweight and obesity. Forty one students formed the intervention group while 40 students formed the control group in two elementary schools. Students in intervention group were given seven training sessions in a period of 2.5 months.…

Toruner, Ebru Kilicarslan; Savaser, Sevim

2010-01-01

244

Determinants of Turkish FDI abroad  

OpenAIRE

ABSTRACT This study examines the determinants of Turkish outward FDI employing a gravity model. The model estimates the impact of traditional gravity variables, as well as openness, labour productivity, infrastructure, institutions and economic stability on FDI outflows from Turkey to 11 countries, which account for approximately 90% of Turkish outward FDI stock, over the period 1999-2005 years using panel data random effects techniqu...

Kayam, Saime Suna; Hisarciklilar, Mehtap

2009-01-01

245

The validity and reliability study of Turkish version of the multiple intelligences developmental assessment scales  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study is to adapt Multiple Intelligences Developmental Assessment Scales (MIDAS) to Turkish. After examining and confirming equivalency between English and Turkish versions the scale was administered to a sample (1466 participant) including undergraduate, graduate students at the Cukurova University and adult in Adana, Turkey. In addition, test-retest reliability was assessed using a sample of undergraduate, graduate and adults in Adana,Turkey (N=100). In order to examine...

Ayten ?flazo?lu Saban; Branton Shearer; Bilge Ku?demir Kay?ran; Dilek I??k

2012-01-01

246

THE SELF SUFFICIENCY PERCEPTION OF THE TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES ON USING CREATIVE DRAMA METHOD  

OpenAIRE

The self sufficiency perception of the Turkish teacher candidates on using creative drama method is desired to be determined in this study. Surveymethod was used in the study. The research group is consisted of 112 fourth grade students of Turkish Teaching Department at Fatih Education Faculty of Black Sea Technical University in 2011-2012 education terms. “The self-sufficiency scale on using creative drama method” which was built up by Can ve Cantürk-Günhan (2009) was used as data coll...

Kirbas?og?lu Kilic?, Latife; Eyu?p, Bircan

2013-01-01

247

The Adaptation of the Adolescent Food Habit Checklist to the Turkish Adolescents.  

OpenAIRE

Background: Adolescent Food Habit Checklist (AFHC) is an instrument designed to measure eating behaviours of adolescents. The aim of the study was to adapt AFHC for the Turkish cultural settings and evaluate its? reliability and construct validity. Methods: Forward and backward translations were carried out and Turkish version of the AFHC was generated. AFHC was administered to 347 students attending second grade primary school. Validity and reliability analyses were used for the asses...

Inci Arikan; Ayse Esra Aksu; Selma Metintas; Cemalettin Kalyoncu

2012-01-01

248

Postmaterialism, new environmental paradigm and ecocentric approach: A qualitative and quantitative study of environmental attitudes of Turkish senior high school students  

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The present study aims to elucidate the determinant factors that affect environmental attitudes (EA) of senior high school students in Turkey and the origins of these EAs. Over nine hundred students from different school types, neighborhoods, geographical regions, social-economic backgrounds participated in the questionnaire based surveys which are called the New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) and the General Attitudes and Perceptions (GAP), and twenty of those students were interviewed as well. Survey results show that EAs of students vary depending on school type, gender, parents' education levels and professions, and household income. Normal public high school students, females, lower-middle class students, students with well educated parents in white collar professions, and student with liberal parents have more pro-environmental attitudes than the others. With regard to school type, students from public technical high school (vocational school), almost all of which are based on single-sex education, have scored the lowest on both surveys which are the NEP and the GAP. The results from the qualitative portion are as follows: Students' perceptions about the environment and related issues are limited to their local habitat. Although the mean scores of students on both surveys do not differ to a statistically significant extent depending on geographical regions, interviews show that participants from different regions have distinct priorities, which range from poverty to sea pollution. Even though students' first priority in their lives is education, education is perceived as a mechanism to achieve a more prosperous life rather than an end in itself. Almost all interview participants agree on the importance of education in shaping EAs. Interestingly, some interviewees (four out of ten males) also comment that a man's sense of his own masculinity can be threatened when confronted by another man to change his attitude towards the environment.

Taskin, Ozgur

249

PSYCHOLINGUISTICS AND TURKISH TEACHING  

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Full Text Available Psycholinguistics is a science formed with the contributions of linguistics examining the origins,generations and the qualities of language usage, and of psychological science studying the human behaviours.Language acquisition focuses on its comprehension and usage.Psychological processes coming out during the language learning and its usage are analysed in the light of psycholinguistics. It is also aimed to make more detailed definitions for language behaviours and display its usage refering to the functions of language.This study primarily gives information about the process of how psycholinguistics becomes an independent science and analyses its relation with the thought and society. The reflections of psycholinguistics to four basic language skills are also tried to assess in the last part of the study in relation to the Turkish Teaching Programme.

Tu?ba BARUTÇU

2013-01-01

250

LEARNERS’ VIEWS ON THE TEACHING OF TURKISH AS A MOTHER TONGUE IN GERMANY  

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Full Text Available The concept of mother tongue in foreign countries refers to the native language that immigrants bring to and speak in the countries to which they have migrated. This language is usually used by immigrant groups and passed on to subsequent generations through the act of speaking in the immigrant families themselves. Within the context of the modern history of immigration, it is observable that immigrants both make efforts to transfer the standard form of their language (including its written form from generation to generation and to establish schools and other units for that purpose. Since the mid-twentieth-century, formal educational institutions in Western countries permitting immigration have actively been interested in the teaching of the mother tongue of immigrants.The overall objective of this paper is to analyze the structure of Turkish courses in the Federal Republic of Germany and Turkish students’ views on these courses. Turkish -as a language spoken by 5 million people in many countries of Western Europe- occupies a preeminent position among the minority languages. Unfortunately, Turkish does not receive the attention it deserves. In the European Union countries, and in line with prevailing understandings of minority rights, more than two million children and young people in schools are supposed to receive a good education in the Turkish language. However, only limited facilities exist in most of these countries to achieve that goalAs a relational survey method, this research is based on the analysis of Turkish immigrant students' perceptions/views on the Turkish language with respect to some variables. It includes immigrant students of Turkish origin (students in the age group of 11-18 years, of the 5th-12th grade who live in various states of Germany (Baden-Wurtemberg, Lower Saxony, Bremen, Hamburg and Berlin. The sample consists of 580 students (of the same age and grade selected through random cluster sampling approach. In this research, two questionnaires are used by the researcher in order to determine some demographic characteristics and perceptions/views of students on the Turkish language.Perceptions/views of students on Turkish language are primarily portrayed as percentage-frequency and cross tables; the dependence of these perceptions/views on demographic variables are then controlled via chi-square analysis and finally the results are interpreted within the context of research hypotheses.

Cemal YILDIZ

2013-01-01

251

Living in Neighborhoods with High or Low Co-Ethnic Concentration: Turkish-Norwegian-Speaking Students' Vocabulary Skills and Reading Comprehension  

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Immigrant students may use and develop language and literacy skills differently depending on the dominance of the first and second language (L1 and L2) in the neighborhoods where they live. In this study, neighborhood effects on students' reported language use at home and with peers, and on measured language and literacy proficiency, were…

Rydland, Veslemøy; Aukrust, Vibeke Grøver; Fulland, Helene

2013-01-01

252

Üniversitelerdeki Türk Dili Dersi ve Türkçe Konusundaki Olumsuz Tutumlar Turkish Language Classes at Universities and Negative Attitude on Turkish Language  

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Full Text Available Everyone has linguistic competence as soon as the birth and with this competence he gets his mother tongue. Since he perceives the world, he goes ahead learning his native language first from his mother and the environs. The learning process goes on both at school and lifelong other than school. In Turkish education system, Turkish languageeducation as a native language starts at primary education andcontinues until university process. Turkish language is taught in thename of compulsory ‘Turkish Language’ at all departments exceptTurkish Language and Literature Departments. The importance and thenecessity of the lesson have always been contentious question. Latterly,the elimination of the lesson has been planned.There are considerable problems in Turkish language lessonstaught in the universities. There are many problems in this lesson suchas the name of the lesson, employee rights of lecturers, the inadequacyof physical capacity, bureaucratic annoyence, curriculum, educationmaterials and the problems on account of the students. However, themain problem of this lesson is the students’ ‘lack of conciousness oftheir native language’. Deprived of this conciousness, Turkish youthhas a ‘negative attitude’ on their mother tongue, Turkish language. Inthis study, with the aim of evaluating the university students’ attitudes,students’ attitudes are ascertained. The survey was applied to the firstclass students and the information except the accuracy foundacceptance in Turkish science is assessed as ‘negative attitude’.Throught the ‘Native Language Attitude Scale’ how Turkish languageeducation should be is specified. Her insan dünyaya geldi?inde dil yetisine sahiptir ve bu dil yetisiyle ana dilini edinir. Çevresindeki dünyay? alg?lamaya ba?lad??? andan itibaren ba?ta annesi olmak üzere çevresinden ana dilini ö?renmeye ba?lar. Bu ö?renme gerek okulda gerekse okul d???nda hayat boyu devam eder. Türk e?itim sisteminde, ana dili olarak Türkçenin e?itimi ilkö?retimin birinci kademesinde ba?lay?p üniversite e?itimi sürecine kadar devam etmektedir. Bu sürecin son basama?? olan üniversitelerde Türkçe e?itimi, Türk dili ve edebiyat? bölümleri d???ndaki tüm bölümlerde ortak zorunlu “Türk Dili” ad?yla verilmektedir. Bu dersin üniversitelerde okutulmaya ba?lamas?ndan bugüne kadar dersin önemi veya gereklili?i daima tart???lm??t?r. Son dönemlerde ise art?k dersin kald?r?lmas? planlanmaktad?r.Üniversitelerde okutulan ortak zorunlu “Türk Dili” dersinin uygulanmas?nda önemli sorunlar ya?anmaktad?r. Bu dersle ilgili; dersin ad?, okutmanl?k mesle?inin özlük haklar?, fizikî ?artlar?n yetersizli?i, bürokratik s?k?nt?lar, müfredat, e?itim ve ö?retim malzemesi ve ö?renciden kaynaklanan birçok sorun bulunmaktad?r. Ancak bu dersle ilgili temel sorun, “Türkçe ana dili bilinci”nin çocuklara kazand?r?lamam?? olmas?d?r. Bu bilinçten yoksun b?rak?lan Türk gençleri, ana dilleri olan Türkçe konusunda “olumsuz tutum” sahibi olmaktad?rlar. Bu çal??mada, üniversite ö?rencilerinin Türkçe ile ilgili tutumlar?n? ölçmek amac?yla birinci s?n?f ö?rencilerine uygulanan sormaca (anket ile bu ö?rencilerin ana dillerine kar?? olan tutumlar? tespit edilmi? ve Türklük biliminde genel kabul görmü? do?rular d???ndaki bilgiler “olumsuz tutum” olarak de?erlendirilmi?tir. Bu “ana dili tutum ölçe?i” arac?l???yla “Türkçe, Türk dili” e?itiminin nas?l olmas? gerekti?i belirtilmi?tir.

Mustafa KARATA?

2013-03-01

253

Adaptation of Instructional Materials Motivation Survey to Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to adapt “Instructional Materials Motivation Survey [IMMS]”, developed by J. M. Keller, to Turkish and investigate validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the survey. The original version of the survey was composed of 36 items gathered under four factors (attention, relevance, confidence, satisfaction. The survey was translated into Turkish. Views of 15 faculty members who were expert in Turkish and foreign language were sought in terms of correctness of meaning in Turkish and integrity of items into culture of Turkish education system. Turkish version of the survey was administered to total of 262 university students from Education Faculties of Ataturk and Erzincan Universities. The item-total correlations were calculated, and items which had negative or low correlation with the total survey score (r<.30 were excluded from the survey. The construct validity of the survey was examined by exploratory factor analysis. Varimax rotation technique was used due to the separation into irrelevant factors. Finally the survey was constructed from 24 item gathered under two factors. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha for the whole survey was calculated as 0.83, and 0.79 and 0.69 for the two sub-factors respectively.

Hülya Kutu

2011-06-01

254

?lkö?retim 5. S?n?f Türkçe Ders Kitab?ndaki Deyim Varl???n?n Ö?rencilerin Al?c? Söz Varl???na Katk?s? The Effect of Idioms in Primary Education 5. Grade Turkish Course Book on Students Receptive Vocabulary  

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Full Text Available The mother tongue is the first acquired language by individuals infamily and the society they born. While the family and inner circle areeffective in teaching mother tongue until the school age, by the way ofeducational institutions this teaching becomes more systematic.In Turkey primary schools are the leading institutions undertakesmother tongue teaching. These schools try to teach word attack skillsby predetermined programs and course books. According to PrimaryEducation Turkish program by means of the language education,students should have enough reading and listening skills to understandwhat they read and listen, and have enough speaking and writing skillsto express their needs, emotions and ideas.Turkish course book is an important means to develop student’slanguage skills. In Turkey for a lot of students writing activities islimited with texts in the course books. Thus the text in course booksshould represent Turkish vocabulary in every respect. The idioms,which express concepts and some certain situations withmetaphorically, are the intangible parts of the Turkish culture. Theseimportant components should be taught to children systematically.The 5. Grade students are regarded at the beginning of formaloperation as of cognitive development. This period is ideal to teachidioms and make these idioms permanent in their receptive vocabulary.But which idioms teach initially isn’t indicated obviously in TurkishCurriculum.In this study, ascertaining the idioms in Turkish course book(2012 and evaluation of them in terms of their being idiom process.Moreover the contribution of these idioms (according to their type totexts in Turkish course book will be discussed. Ana dili, bireyin içinde do?up büyüdü?ü aile ya da toplum çevresinde ilk ö?rendi?i dildir. Ana dili ö?retiminde aile ve yak?n çevre okul ça??na kadar etkili olurken, e?itim kurumlar? arac?l???yla ana dili ö?retimi daha sistemli bir hâl al?r.Türkiye’de ilkö?retim okullar?, ana dili ö?retimini üstlenen e?itim kurumlar?n?n ba??nda gelir. Bu okullar, ö?rencilere belirlenmi? bir program üzerinden ders kitaplar? arac?l???yla dilin anlama ve anlatma becerilerini kazand?rmaya çal???rlar. ?lkö?retim Türkçe program?na göre ö?renciler, ald?klar? dil e?itimiyle, okuduklar?n? ve dinlediklerini anlayacak kadar okuma ve dinleme becerisi; isteklerini, duygular?n? ve dü?üncelerini anlatacak kadar da konu?ma ve yazma becerisi kazanmal?d?r.Türkçe ders kitab?, ö?rencilerin dil becerilerini geli?tirmelerinde önemli bir araçt?r. Türkiye’de birçok ö?renci için okumaya yönelik etkinlikler sadece ders kitab?ndaki metinlerle s?n?rl?d?r. Bu sebeple kitaplarda yer alacak metinler, Türkçenin söz varl??? ögelerinin iyi ?ekilde yans?t?ld??? metinler olmal?d?r. Kavramlar? ve belli durumlar? mecaz yoluyla anlatan deyimler, Türk kültürünün manevi parçalar?ndan biridir. Sözlü kültürün bu önemli ögeleri, ö?rencilerin söz varl???na sistemli bir ?ekilde kazand?r?lmal?d?r.?lkö?retim 5. s?n?f ö?rencileri bili?sel geli?im olarak soyut dönemin ba??nda de?erlendirilirler. Bu dönem deyimlerin ö?retilmesi, ö?rencilerin al?c? söz varl???na kazand?r?lmas? için ideal zamand?r. Ancak hangi deyimlerin öncelikli olarak ö?retilece?i Türkçe ö?retim program?nda da aç?k olarak belirtilmemi?tir.Bu çal??mada, ?lkö?retim Türkçe 5 Ders Kitab? (2012’nda yer alan deyimlerin tespit edilmesi ve deyimle?me dereceleri bak?m?ndan de?erlendirilmeleri amaçlanm??t?r. Bunun yan?nda, metinlerde derecelerine göre yer alan deyimlerin ö?rencilerin söz varl?klar?na katk?s? üzerinde durulacakt?r.

Mediha MANGIR

2012-12-01

255

Determination of association between some caries-related factors in permanent teeth with body mass index of female school students in Tehran, Iran  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Some investigations have shown a direct and significant correlation between BMI (body mass index and dental caries. The aim of this study was to determine the association between obesity and dental caries in the permanent teeth of 12?14-year-old female students of guidance schools in districts 5 and 6 in Tehran, Iran in 2011.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 950 female students, aged 12?14 years old, were selected randomly from guidance schools in districts 5 and 6 in Tehran. The frequency of brushing, flossing, daily consumption of snacks, DMFT (Decayed, Missing, Filled and BMI were assessed using interviews and clinical examinations. The association of the variables was determined by Pearson’s correlation and linear regression statistical tests at a confidence interval of 95%.Results: The means of DMFT index were 3.56 ± 2.652, 4.26 ± 2.961 and 4.38 ± 2.899 in 12-, 13- and 14-year-old students, respectively. Evaluation of the effect of demographic variables, oral hygiene habits and obesity on DMFT showed that age (p value = 0.001, toothbrushing frequency (p value = 0.025 and frequency of snack consumption daily (p value = 0.043 are effective on tooth decay. However, no correlation was found between frequency of flossing (p value ? 0.083 and BMI (p value ? 0.205 with tooth decay.Conclusion: There was no statistically significant association between DMFT and BMI of 12?14-year-old female students in Tehran. There was no relationship between the frequency of sweet snacks consumption and age with BMI. Toothbrushing frequency and frequency of sweet snacks consumption have an effect on tooth decay. Key words: Body mass index, Dental caries, Obesity

Mozhgan Faezi

2013-01-01

256

CONTRIBUTION TO TURKISH LANGUAGE MAP: IN LEBANON TURKS AND TURKISH  

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Full Text Available Article, field study within the borders of Lebanon, aims to share general information on issues to be spoken Turkish. Today, as much as 30000 citizens living in Lebanon for nearly 12000 to be registered. Most of these countries are settled in 1940 after the Turks to come to work. However, the Turks settled in Lebanon after 1940, as well as the more they leave any kind of Arabic language features that reflect the geography of this work is not subject to due. In this study, the number 13200 Turkmen living in this region in the 13th century, which approximate number 9000, 19th living within the borders of Lebanon since the end of the century the Turks and their language is focused on the muhajir of Crete. Turkish Arabic code to be very little in common other than being lived copying the two ethnic groups and languages, should be evaluated in this study suggest that under separate headings. The field of our work in the year 2013 in accordance with the data obtained from the first one into the dialect characteristics of Turkish spoken in Lebanon, and the general features of the language used in the submitted article. Thus, in order to map received Turkish Language in Lebanon, based on the contribution to the field study aimed to achieve. Because the Turkish language is spoken within the borders of Lebanon, UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage are evaluated according to the criteria in the endangered languages program, "critically endangered" we have to mention that.

Özgür Kas?m AYDEM?R

2013-04-01

257

Quantitative Developments in Turkish Higher Education since 1933  

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Full Text Available In this study, quantitative developments in Turkish higher education during the Republic period from 1933, when the first university was established, to date are tried to be demonstrated. In parallel with this purpose, first, establishment dates of universities, number of universities by years as well as number of universities established during the periods of each presidents of Turkish Council of Higher Education are listed. Also, spread to all provinces as of 2008, the distribution of the number of universities with regard to provinces is given. On the other hand, development of Turkish higher education by years is examined by using several quantitative indicators about higher education. Thus, number of students in higher education, total number of academic staffs as well as those with PhD, improvement in the number of students per academic staff and higher education gross enrollment rates by years are shown. Furthermore, especially for big provinces in Turkey (Ankara, ?stanbul and ?zmir number of universities, number of students in higher education and higher education gross enrollment rates are provided. Distribution of higher education students according to higher education institutions, higher education programs and education types in 2011 is presented as well as distribution of academic staffs according to higher education institutions and information about their academic positions. In addition, quantitative data about higher education bachelor and associate degrees (numbers of programs types, programs, quotas and placed students in 2010 is given. Finally, the position of Turkish higher education in the world with respect to the number of academic publications and the change in the number of academic publications per staff by years are analyzed.

Asl? GÜNAY

2011-01-01

258

Turkish: A Guide to the Spoken Language.  

Science.gov (United States)

This Turkish phrasebook is intended as a guide to pronunciation and useful words and phrases. All entries are given first in English, followed by the Turkish word in simplified English phonetic spelling, with the Turkish spelling in parentheses. The "Useful Words and Phrases," dealing with subjects such as directions, greetings, numbers and…

Department of Defense, Washington, DC.

259

The Rise Of English Teaching ?n Turkish Curriculum  

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Full Text Available It has become a neccessity that individuals and indirectly the countries must know a foreign language to carry forward their international relations in social, political and economic fields. In today’s world English is extensively taught in many countries as a second language and among the reasons of this, some commercial, culturel and social reasons can be expressed. It has been stated that English is international science language as well as the language of mass communication like computer and television and there is no doubt that at the present day the global language is English. This paper discusses how and why English language has become very popular in Turkish educational system while historically French was the most dominant language in Turkish curriculum during the Otoman Period and in the Republican era. German has also been taught along with French and English in Turkish schools for a considerable period of time. However, in early 1980’s French and German languages have dropped from the curriculum and English has become the most prominent foreign language that has been taught in the nation’s schools and in many cases French and German have been made as elective courses to be taken by a few students. In short, this study investigates the historical developments of foreign languages especially English in Turkish curriculum.

Hümeyra TÜRED?

2010-12-01

260

Psychometric Properties of the KIDCOPE in Turkish Adolescents  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of a Turkish version of the Kidcope (Kidcope-T), developed by Spirito, Stark, and Williams (1988), which is one of the most widely used brief instruments for the assessment of children’s and adolescents’ coping strategies. Participants were 453 grade 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11 students. Alternative models suggested from previous research were tested using Confirmatory Factor Analyses and Spirito’s three-factor model was foun...

Bedel, Ahmet Mevlana U?niversitesi; Is?ik, Erkan Mevlana U?niversitesi; Hamarta, Erdal Necmettin Erbakan U?niversitesi

2014-01-01

261

The Contribution of Gender, Socio-Economic Status and Socio-Cultural Influence to Turkish Students' Task Value Beliefs in Science  

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This study aimed to investigate how well gender, socio-economic status of family, and socio-cultural influences (perceived parents' achievement goals, and perceived teachers' achievement goals) predict middle school students' task value beliefs in science. Background Characteristics Survey, Motivated Strategies for Learning…

Kahraman, Nurcan; Sungur-Vural, Semra

2014-01-01

262

The Effect of Guided-Inquiry Instruction on 6th Grade Turkish Students' Achievement, Science Process Skills, and Attitudes toward Science  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of guided-inquiry approach in science classes over existing science and technology curriculum in developing content-based science achievement, science process skills, and attitude toward science of grade level 6 students in Turkey. Non-equivalent control group quasi-experimental design…

Koksal, Ela Ayse; Berberoglu, Giray

2014-01-01

263

Second-Generation Turkish Youth in Europe: Explaining the Academic Disadvantage in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland  

Science.gov (United States)

This investigation examines the role of students' home and school variables in producing the achievement gap between second-generation Turkish students and their native peers in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Using the data from PISA 2006, this study supports past findings that both home and school resources affect the educational outcomes of…

Song, Steve

2011-01-01

264

The Relationship between Gender and Classroom Environment in Turkish Science Classrooms  

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The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of gender between actual and preferred classroom environment and use of technology in the science classroom of Turkish students. Employing stratified random sampling procedures, data were collected from 985 students from schools across twelve different districts in Istanbul, Turkey. The…

Welch, Anita G.; Cakir, Mustafa; Peterson, Claudette M.; Ray, Christopher M.

2014-01-01

265

ADAPTING ONLINE SELF-REGULATED LEARNING SCALE INTO TURKISH  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine online self-regulated learning levels of students by adapting “Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale” designed by Barnard and his colleagues into Turkish. Present study, irrespective of being a scale analysis, is at the same time a qualitative research. It is executed via scan model. Study group of research consists of collectively 222 students. Firstly the original scale has been translated by two educational technologists who are efficient in both Turkish and English languages. The validity of scale’s original factor structure within Turkish culture has been tested via confirmatory factor analysis. In order to measure the reliability of scale, internal consistency analyses have been conducted on data. In order to detect self-regulated learning levels of students; frequency, percentage, arithmetical means, standard deviation and t tests have been employed. In differentiation analyses p<0,05 significance level has been considered sufficient. As a result it can reasonably be argued that “Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale” is a valid and reliable scale that can be employed in detecting online self-regulated learning levels of university students in Turkey. Additionally below given results have been obtained regarding students’ online self-regulated learning levels: Students’ online self-regulated learning skills are generally higher and their highest level of skills is “structuring the environment”, whereas the lowest skill is “goal setting”. Online self-regulated learning levels of students from Social Sciences Teaching Department are meaningfully lower than the students’ online self-regulated learning levels from other departments.

Ozgen KORKMAZ

2012-01-01

266

Dietary Knowledge, Behaviours and Attitudes of Students of Public School in a Northeastern City in Brazil  

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Full Text Available This quasi-experimental intervention was conducted with 10- to 14-year-old students enrolled in public schools in Teresina, Brazil, to evaluate the effects of a nutritional education program on the students’ knowledge, behaviour and attitudes towards nutrition. The dietary attitudes were evaluated in terms of food tastes/preferences and food behaviours. The participants in the study included 126 students from four schools. Differences between before and after the intervention were found regarding knowledge about the “food pyramid”, “healthy eating” and “nutrients” (p

Marize Melo dos Santos

2014-05-01

267

Effectiveness of Learning Strategies over Reading Comprehension, Writing Skills and Learners’ Attitudes towards Turkish Course  

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Full Text Available This study, which attempts to determine the effectiveness of learning strategies on reading comprehension, writing skills and learners’ attitudes towards theirTurkish course, was carried out by the controlled pre/posttest model of the experimental model. The study subjects were 5-A and 5-B groups attending Ahmet Olcay Primary School throughout 2004-2005 academic year in the fall semester. There were 22 students in the experimental group, 21 students in the control group, totally 43 students participated in this study. Data collection process was achieved through an academic achievement test, developed by the researcher, course materials, structured observation forms and the “Attitude Scale Regarding Turkish Course” developed by Acat (2000. According to the findings of the study: reading comprehension skills, writing skills and attitudes towards the Turkish course were developed via learning strategies.

?. Dilek BELET

2007-01-01

268

Studies of the Turkish form of the Test for Creative Thinking-Drawing Production  

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Full Text Available This paper explains the results of multi-year applications of the Test for Creative Thinking-Drawing Production in a Turkish context with Turkish participants. The purpose of the study is to present the results of several empirical studies conducted by different Turkish samples, using the instrument which was developed by Jellen and Urban for measuring the creative thinking potentials of individuals. The number of the subjects of all the studies described here totaled to 1529. These participants were of various ages and at various levels of ability, and they included primary school students, university students, and adults, as well as 369 gifted students, and 64 subjects with neurological problems. The author introduces the evaluation procedures, discusses the culturally fair characteristics of the test, and makes a case for the utility of the instrument in Turkey with a comparison of existing data in the literature related to the instrument.

Aysenur Yontar Togrol

2012-12-01

269

Loneliness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction as predictors of Internet addiction: a cross-sectional study among Turkish university students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the relationship among loneliness, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and Internet addiction. Participants were 384 university students (114 males, 270 females) from 18 to 24 years old from the faculty of education in Turkey. The Internet Addiction, UCLA Loneliness, Self-esteem, and Life Satisfaction scales were distributed to about 1000 university students, and 38.4% completed the survey (see Appendix A and B). It was found that loneliness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction explained 38% of the total variance in Internet addiction. Loneliness was the most important variable associated with Internet addiction and its subscales. Loneliness and self-esteem together explained time-management problems and interpersonal and health problems while loneliness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction together explained only the interpersonal and health problems subscales. PMID:23577670

Bozoglan, Bahadir; Demirer, Veysel; Sahin, Ismail

2013-08-01

270

AN EVALUATION ABOUT TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES’ CRITICAL THINKING ATTITUDE’S IN TERMS OF DIFFERENCE VARIABLE  

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Full Text Available In accordance with regenerated Turkish teaching programmes in 2004-2005, it has been aimed to bring up individuals who are “using language clearly, effectively, thinking as critically and examined knowledges”. Critical thinking ability has provided to individuals a “doubt-based approach, interpreting and decisioning with this approach”. While converting this ability to acqusition for learners, Turkish teachers’ critical thinking attitudes are very important. For this reason, it must be examined that what Turkish teachers’ and candidates’ critical thinking attitude and what they are impressed by difference variable. This study have been aimed that Turkish teacher candidates’ critical thinking attitudes’ changing according to difference variables. 144 students who are in Gazi University Gazi Education Faculty Department of Turkish Teaching has been constituted this research’s exemplify. For data gathering, Likert-based critical thinking attitude scale has been used in this research. For data analysis, t-tests in independence group, ANOVA and descriptive statistics have been used in this research. According to research conclusion, in terms of critical thinking ability, Turkish teacher candidates are in middle level. Also, conclusions showed that their attitudes are not impressed by their gender, age, school, parents’ education, yearly income, high school type, reading book and newspaper.

Ülker ?EN

2009-10-01

271

USE OF THE STORIES FORMED WITH DRAMA IN TURKISH EDUCATION  

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Full Text Available New Turkish Program has been based upon activities that will provide participation of students to the educational process. Story formation with drama which is one of the most suitable activities to actualize requirements of the Turkish education is to animate improvised or proverbial stories using drama techniques. What has been meant with the expression of story formation in drama studies is to accommodate story genre into animation of other genres including texts based upon events rather than dramatization of the genre’s itself. Through the animation of the story, the student will have the opportunity of examining, analyzing and solving the problems related to real life. While concepts such as hero, target, obstacle /event have been the primary elements of story formation, concepts such as speech line and metaxis (dramatic existence are the secondary elements. There can be provided the acquisition of four basic language abilities to be actualized, association of linguistic concepts with daily life and exposure of a hidden ability into the light through the stories formed with drama in Turkish lessons. This study has been carried out using the scanning model and relevant researches within the bounds of the subject have been benefited.

Ömer Tu?rul KARA

2013-01-01

272

OPINIONS OF TURKISH TEACHERS ABOUT MEASUREMENT- ASSESSMENT APPROACH OF RENEWED TURKISH EDUCATION PROGRAMMES  

OpenAIRE

This study aims at finding out the opinions of Turkish teachers about measurement-assessment approach on renewed Turkish Education Programmes. This research was carried out in 2007 fall semester with 20 primary school teachers of Turkish in Artvin city center. In this research, qualitative research methodology has been used. Firstly, a 20-minute interview on new measurement–assessment approach has been applied to two randomly selected Turkish teachers. According to data that were collected ...

Meti?n, Mustafa; Demi?ryu?rek, Go?kc?e

2009-01-01

273

Foucault and Foucault Bibliography in Turkish Language  

OpenAIRE

Foucault, a prominent philosopher of the twenteeth century, had quite on impact on philosophy, politics, history, sociology, literature, art and so on. Foucault’s works were translated into Turkish in the late 1980s and more frequently in the 1990s and in the early 2000’s, they were almost complete. Foucault, who is frequently referred in Turkish thought world, has been translation book, article and test subject fort the last two decades. Foucault entrance to Turkish literature shows para...

Sever I??k

2012-01-01

274

A REV?EW ON SCIENTIFIC EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS OF TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine scientific epistemological beliefs of Turkish teacher candidates. In this research, we used survey method. In this study, 117 selected students by easily accessible sampling techniques participated from department of Turkish education, Faculty of Education of Atatürk University. “Scientific Epistemological Beliefs Survey” adapted in Turkish by Acat, Tüken and Karada? (2010 was used to collect the data. The collected data of the study analyzed by the SPSS 16.0 package program and analyzed by chi-square and t test. At the end of the research it was found significant difference according to the gender in favor of girls and according to level in favor of first-year students in scientific epistemological beliefs.

?zzet ?EREF

2012-01-01

275

Evaluation of learning and teaching process in Turkish courses  

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Full Text Available A radical educational reform occurred in Turkey in 2005; and curriculum of primary education courses was renewed. New curriculum was prepared based on constructivist approach. In this scope, curriculum of Turkish course was also renewed. This study aimsat evaluating applications and opinions of teachers and students about learning and teaching process prescribed in Turkish Course (1st-5th Grades Curriculum. Within the scope of the study, semi-structured interview was made with 10 teachers and 12 students.In addition, process teaching a text was evaluated via structured observation method in 5 different classes. According to the results of the study, primary school teachers find some stages in learning – teaching process prescribed in the curriculum unnecessary andtherefore do not apply them. Teachers mentioned that some texts are above the student level; and they sometimes experience time and material problems. It was seen in the present study that teachers do not have enough information about learning and teachingprocess in the new curriculum; they do not have high success levels in the applications; and they usually do not apply the forms for evaluating the process in the curriculum. It was found out that, in spite of these problems, courses are student-centred as prescribed inthe curriculum; and students have positive opinions about stages of learning and teaching process.

Eyyup CO?KUN

2010-07-01

276

Anogenital Distance in Turkish Newborns  

OpenAIRE

Objective: Anogenital distances are considered to be a sensitive indicator of external genitalia exposure to factors such as anti-androgens, and/or endocrine distruptors during the prenatal period. Exposure to such factors can lead to changes in the anogenital measurements (AGM) of newborn infants. These measurements can be used to predict masculinization of the external genitalia in healthy newborns. The goal of this study was to determine normal values for AGM in Turkish newborns of both ge...

Og?uz Kutlu, Alev

2011-01-01

277

Türkiye’deki Üniversitelerin Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. S?n?f Ö?rencilerinin Türkoloji Kavram?na ?li?kin Alg?lar? Perception Of The Turkology Concept Among Fourth Grade Students Of The Departments Of Turkish Language And Literature In The Un?versities In Turkey  

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Full Text Available The Turkology, having been developed from the point of view ofEast, Islam and linguistic researches in the Europe of the 19 thcentury, has been, in the present, a science which searches whateverexists related to The Turks. Since the Turkologists, particularly in theearly periods, have been concentrated on linguistic researches andutilized the point of view and methods of it, the Turkology has only beenconceptually identified with the Turkish Language. The Turkology, asthe effect of these studies, has been perceived as the Turkish language.The purpose of this study is to reveal the perceptions of the fourthgrade students in the department of Turkish Language and Literaturein Turkish universities via metaphors they develop. The working groupof the study consists of 320 students studying in the departments ofTurkish Language and Literature of seven universities in sevengeographical regions (Marmara Region, Aegan Region, MediterraneanRegion, Central Anatolia Region, Eastern Anatolia Region, SouthEastern Anatolia Region inside the borders of the Turkish Republic.The data of the study has been obtained by each student completing thesentence: “Turkology is like ..., because...”. In the phase of dataanalysis, a technique of contents analysis, which can associate with therelations and concepts that are capable of explaining the data, has beenused. As a result of the research it is detected that % 87 of students offourth class Turkish Language and Literature Departments have apositive perception, % 11,4 of them have negative perception and % 0,9of them have both positive and negative perception about the termTurkology. Students having positive perception develop the areas ofadding value, discipline, research; students having negative perceptionsdevelop scientific lackness, work job anxiety, negative conduct; studentshaving both negative and positive perception develop metaphors underthe name of both positive and negative code. 19. yüzy?l Avrupa’s?nda ?slam, Do?u ve dil ara?t?rmalar? ekseninde geli?en Türkoloji, günümüzde Türk’e ait ne varsa inceleyen bir bilim hâline gelmi?tir. Özellikle ilk dönemlerde Türkologlar?n dil ara?t?rmalar?na yo?unla?mas?, onun bak?? aç?s? ve yöntemlerini kullanmas? nedeniyle Türkolojinin sadece kavramsal olarak Türk diliyle özde?le?mesine neden olmu?tur. Bu çal??malar?n etkisiyle Türkoloji, Türk dili gibi alg?lanm??t?r. Bu çal??man?n amac?, Türkiye’deki üniversitelerin Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin “Türkoloji” kavram?na ili?kin alg?lar?n?, geli?tirdikleri metaforlar arac?l???yla ortaya ç?karmakt?r. Ara?t?rman?n çal??ma grubunu, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti s?n?rlar?nda bulunan yedi co?rafi bölge (Marmara Bölgesi, Ege Bölgesi, Akdeniz Bölgesi, ?ç Anadolu Bölgesi, Karadeniz Bölgesi, Do?u Anadolu bölgesi ve Güneydo?u Anadolu Bölgesi ve bu bölgeler içerisinde bulunan 7 üniversitenin Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. s?n?f?nda okuyan 320 ö?renci olu?turmaktad?r. Ara?t?rman?n verileri her ö?rencinin “Türkoloji… gibidir, çünkü …” cümlesini tamamlamas?yla elde edilmi?tir. Verilerin analiz edilmesinde ise toplanan verileri aç?klayabilecek kavramlara ve ili?kilere ula??labilecek olan içerik analizi tekni?i kullan?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n sonunda Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin % 87,7’sinin Türkoloji kavram?na ili?kin olumlu, % 11,4’ünün olumsuz ve % 0,9’unun ise hem olumlu hem de olumsuz bir alg?ya sahip olduklar? tespit edilmi?tir. Olumlu alg?ya sahip ö?renciler; de?er katma, disiplin, inceleme alan?; olumsuz alg?ya sahip ö?renciler bilimsel eksiklik, i? kayg?s?, olumsuz tutum; hem olumlu hem de olumsuz alg?ya sahip ö?renciler ise hem olumlu hem de olumsuz tutum kodu alt?nda toplanan metaforlar geli?tirmi?tir.

Serdar YAVUZ

2013-03-01

278

Differences in the Reading of Shallow and Deep Orthography: Developmental Evidence from Hebrew and Turkish Readers  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigates differences in the word-reading process between individuals reading in a deep (unpointed Hebrew) and a shallow orthography (Turkish). The participants were 120 students evenly and randomly recruited from three levels of education (primary = 3rd-4th graders; middle = 6th-7th graders; high = 9th-10th graders). The…

Miller, Paul; Kargin, Tevhide; Guldenoglu, Birkan

2014-01-01

279

The Validity, Reliability and Factorial Structure of the Turkish Version of the Tromso Social Intelligence Scale  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Tromso Social Intelligence Scale (TSIS) developed by Silvera, Martinussen, and Dahl (2001). 719 students from Sakarya University participated in the study. Construct validity and criterion related validity and reliability were assessed.…

Dogan, Tayfun; Cetin, Bayram

2009-01-01

280

Determinants of Condom Use Intentions and Behavior among Turkish Youth: A Theoretically Based Investigation  

Science.gov (United States)

The assumptions of two social cognition models, the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991) and the Health Belief Model (Rosenstock, 1974) are examined in 2 samples of Turkish university students: sexually active and sexually inactive. For sexually inactive participants, perceived benefits of condom use and self-efficacy beliefs regarding condom…

Ozakinci, Gozde; Weinman, John A.

2006-01-01

281

Technology Related Expectations of Turkish as a Second Language Learners at Hacettepe University  

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Aside from "lingua franca" of the current age, technology enhanced language learning is still in its infancy for the less commonly taught languages. Hacettepe TOMER has been teaching Turkish as a foreign/second language to the exchange students for several years though; technology related expectations of the language learners have never…

Kalfa, Mahir; Yalcin, Haydar

2013-01-01

282

Psychometric Qualities of the UCLA Loneliness Scale-Version 3 as Applied in a Turkish Culture  

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The University of California, Los Angeles, Loneliness Scale-Version 3 (UCLA LS3) is the most frequently used loneliness assessment tool. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the UCLA LS3 by utilizing two separate and independent samples: Turkish university students (n = 481) and elderly (n = 284). The results demonstrate that…

Durak, Mithat; Senol-Durak, Emre

2010-01-01

283

A Study of Prospective Turkish Science Teachers' Knowledge at the Popular Biotechnological Issues  

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The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge level of popular biotechnological issues of prospective Turkish science teachers. A questionnaire was administered during 2005-2006 academic year to 194 students in the Department of Science Education of a university in Turkey. The questionnaire covered six biotechnological issues such as…

Darcin, Emine Selcen; Turkmen, Lutfullah

2006-01-01

284

Foucault and Foucault Bibliography in Turkish Language  

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Full Text Available Foucault, a prominent philosopher of the twenteeth century, had quite on impact on philosophy, politics, history, sociology, literature, art and so on. Foucault’s works were translated into Turkish in the late 1980s and more frequently in the 1990s and in the early 2000’s, they were almost complete. Foucault, who is frequently referred in Turkish thought world, has been translation book, article and test subject fort the last two decades. Foucault entrance to Turkish literature shows parallelism with postmodernism debate in Turkish philosophy. The purpose of this bibliography is to make on inventory for Foucault’s works translated into Turkish and works and writings and about him, in order to provide convenience for the people who study Foucault.

Sever I??k

2012-12-01

285

Effectiveness of Tablet PCs in the Classroom: A Turkish Case  

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Full Text Available Due to their innovative features, tablet PCs have rapidly taken their places in the classrooms as the potential instructional tools that may address some problems associated with traditional lecture-based pedagogy. The purpose of this case study is to investigate to what extend the use of tablet PC facilitates instructional processes in the classroom and to what extend it affects students’ performance expectancy, effort expectancy, attitude and behavioral intention. A qualitative approach was used to analyze the data. A total of 32 traditional-aged sophomore students at a teacher training program from a north-western Turkish university participated in the study. It was found that the students’ performance expectancies, effort expectancies and attitudes toward the use of tablet PCs in education were not high. However, though the students had unpleasant experiences with tablet PCs in the instruction they were not pessimistic about using tablet PCs outside of the classroom.

Ylhan VARANK

2014-09-01

286

Impact of a Healthy Nails Program on Nail-Biting in Turkish Schoolchildren: A Controlled Pretest-Posttest Study  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted to examine the effect of a healthy nails program on nail-biting in Turkish schoolchildren. This quasi-experimental study was of pretest-posttest control group design. A total of 50 students of a primary school formed the intervention group, while 53 students from the same school formed the control group. Data were…

Ergun, Ayse; Toprak, Rumeysa; Sisman, Fatma Nevin

2013-01-01

287

THE SELF SUFFICIENCY PERCEPTION OF THE TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES ON USING CREATIVE DRAMA METHOD  

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Full Text Available The self sufficiency perception of the Turkish teacher candidates on using creative drama method is desired to be determined in this study. Surveymethod was used in the study. The research group is consisted of 112 fourth grade students of Turkish Teaching Department at Fatih Education Faculty of Black Sea Technical University in 2011-2012 education terms. “The self-sufficiency scale on using creative drama method” which was built up by Can ve Cantürk-Günhan (2009 was used as data collecting device in this study. The scale consist of 47 questions and the type is 5 point likert scale. Cronbach alfa reliability coefficient of the scale is calculated 0, 96. As a result has been determined that Turkish teacher candidates have self sufficiency “I reasonably agree” level on using creative drama method.?

Latife KIRBA?O?LU KILIÇ

2013-01-01

288

ORTHOGRAPHIC INTERFERENCE and THE TEACHING OF BRITISH PRONUNCIATION TO TURKISH LEARNERS  

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Full Text Available This article is the report of an investigation of pronunciation difficulties of Turkish speakers/learners of English which are due to differences in the sound-letter representations in the orthographies of the two languages, namely called “ortographic interference”. These difficulties are different in nature than those arising from differences in the sound sysytems of Turkish and English.1While Turkish orthography is to a large extent phonemic, i.e. employing a one-to-one letter-sound correspondence (with few exceptions such as k - kâr- ? - yegane- gavur, etc., English orthography, on the other hand, represents 46 sounds of the spoken language with 102 single or group of letters in the written language.Such actual difficulties arising from the differences in the orthographic sound-letter represenatations of Turkish and English are classified, evaluated, and their sources are explained through a detailed phonetic analysis as applied to research methods of “contarstive analysis” and “error analysis”, which are effective approaches in the field of Applied Linguistics and Foreign Language Learning.For different categories of difficulties, corrective exercises are recommended for the teaching and learning of English pronunciation to Turkish students.

Prof. Dr.Sinan Bayraktaro?lu

2008-10-01

289

The Turkish Version of the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised  

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Full Text Available The mindfulness approach to psychotherapy has become a topic of continuously growing scientific interest. In accordance with such interest, various self-report assessment tools have been developed to measure the mindfulness construct. The majority of the studies conducted to investigate the properties of these assessment instruments included Western populations. Thus, the measurement of mindfulness in non-Western cultures still requires further research. Based on this premise, the psychometric properties of the 10 item Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R were investigated in two different studies using two non-clinical Turkish samples. In Study 1, the psychometric properties of the 10 item CAMS-R were examined in an undergraduate student sample (N = 265. Study 2 extended the examination of the psychometric properties of the CAMS-R to an adult community sample consisting of white-collar public employees (N = 88. The results of both studies showed that the Turkish CAMS-R possessed acceptable levels of internal consistency and the scale displayed convergent as well as concurrent validity. Statistically meaningful relationships were found between mindfulness as measures by Turkish CAMS-R and depression, anxiety, well-being as well as perceived stress. The findings from both studies suggest CAMS-R retains its psychometric properties when utilized in a non-Western culture and the Turkish version of CAMS-R is a valid instrument which can be used to measure mindfulness in the Turkish population.

Pelin D. Catak

2012-11-01

290

A characterization of self-injurious behavior among Turkish adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Summary.-The primary objective of the present research is to characterize the frequencies of self-injurious behaviors among Turkish adolescents and whether these vary by sex. The sample comprised 371 female and 309 male college students, randomly selected and studying in different colleges in Trabzon (Turkey). The Personal Information Form and the Inventory of Statements About Self-injury were administered. The most pervasive types of self-injurious behaviors reported were "preventing the healing of wounds (peeling the scabs)," "hitting oneself on a tough surface or self-hitting," and "scratching letters, texts, shapes on skin." Sex differences in self-injurious behaviors were observed. PMID:25350208

Oktan, Vesile

2014-12-01

291

ECONOMIC ETHIC IN TURKISH PROVERBS  

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Full Text Available Economic ethic means sum of motifs and suggestions for the practical value and the preferred size in the regulating the daily lives of people. In this study that examines whether the attitude of economic ethic in proverbs, it has been argued in this study that proverbs have been inculcate an economic ethic to the Turkish society and proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism have not been consist of understanding of “a cardigan, a bite” (bir lokma, bir h?rka. Economic ethic that express an attitude against the world in the conceptual basis, on hand, is ascetism and fasting against leave from the path of God of goods of world on the other hand, is seeking of balance between for acquisition of property and maintaining a modest life as indispensable means. Individual in the economic ethic is in an effort to reconcile these two different poles relating to goods in the world. While forming the boundaries of this study proverbs that used in Turkey Turkish in the context of economic ethic, economic ethic in proverbs refers to properties such as halal earnings, frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence. It is possible to specify culture that inculcates accumulation and savings, it has been influence past experience such as hunger, famine and a religion that order to work in the forming of codes of historical and social meaning. Additionally it has been influence of seeking of balance of Sufi culture in the attitude against world and ethic in the proverbs. As a result, it refers to properties such as halal earnings frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence, proverbs in Turkey Turkish and it has not been with one-dimension of proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism.

Abdullah ÖZBOLAT

2012-12-01

292

Aircraft emissions at Turkish airports  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper deals with estimating aircraft landing and take-off (LTO) emissions (HC, CO, NOx, SO2) at 40 Turkish airports including the biggest airports, i.e. Ataturk International Airport (AIA) in Istanbul, Antalya Airport in Antalya and Esenboga Airport in Ankara in 2001. The calculation model is based on flight data recorded by the State Airports Authority. The flight data include the type and number of aircraft, number of passengers, amount of cargo etc., which depend on day-time and date. For the emission calculations the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)-Engine emission data bank, which includes minimum and maximum values for both fuel flow rates and emissions factors, is used. By using first the minimum and then the maximum values from the data bank, two estimations of aircraft LTO emissions at Turkish airports are calculated: i.e. minimum and maximum estimations. Total LTO emissions from aircraft at Turkish airports are estimated to be between 7614.34 and 8338.79 t/year. These results are comparable with those from USA airports. Approximately half of these amounts are produced at AIA. To predict future emissions, it is estimated that an increase of 25% in LTO cycles might cause a rise of between 31 and 33% in emissions. The estimations show that a decrease of 2 min in taxiing time results in a decrease of 6% in LTO emissions. The estimation model used in this study can be used for expansions and planning of airports from an pansions and planning of airports from an environmental point of view. (author)

293

ECONOMIC ETHIC IN TURKISH PROVERBS  

OpenAIRE

Economic ethic means sum of motifs and suggestions for the practical value and the preferred size in the regulating the daily lives of people. In this study that examines whether the attitude of economic ethic in proverbs, it has been argued in this study that proverbs have been inculcate an economic ethic to the Turkish society and proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism have not been consist of understanding of “a cardigan, a bite” (bir lokma, bir h?rka). Economic ...

O?zbolat, Abdullah

2012-01-01

294

Content Based Compression of Turkish Documents  

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Full Text Available The main goal of this study is to analyse the morphological structure of the Turkish documents. The new proposed method consists of lossless compressing the monograms, digrams, trigrams, roots-stems and suffixes individually using a statistical approach. In this work 1g, 2 g, 3 g, root-system and suffix frequencies have been computed for Turkish language. A tuned template has been prepared for each group. The compression of Turkish documents has been performed by using the static Huffman Coding for Word Based Dynamic Huffman has been measured.

Banu Diri

2001-01-01

295

Information Retrieval Effectiveness of Turkish Search Engines  

OpenAIRE

This is an investigation of information retrieval performance of Turkish search engines with respect to precision, normalized recall, coverage and novelty ratios. We defined seventeen query topics for Arabul, Arama, Netbul and Superonline. These queries were carefully selected to assess the capability of a search engine for handling broad or narrow topic subjects, exclusion of particular information, identifying and indexing Turkish characters, retrieval of hub/authoritative pages, stemming o...

Bitirim, Y?ltan; Tonta, Yas?ar; Sever, Hayri

2002-01-01

296

THE EFFECT OF STRENGTH TRAINING ON SOME MOTOR ABILITIES IN 12-14 YEARS-OLD MALE TENNIS PLAYERS  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study was to examine effect of 8-week strength training on motor abilities of male tennis players between aged 12-14 years.The total 20 athletes which played in the Club of Ankara Tennis participated in the study, as experimental group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 years, Height:152.90±4.22 cm, Body mass:40.64±5.72 kg) and control group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 y?l, Height:152.30±4.73 cm, Body mass:39.35±3.62 kg). The experimental group performed the strength training for 8 we...

Aktas?, Ferhat; Akkus?, Hasan; Harbi?li?, Erbil; Harbi?li?, Sultan

2011-01-01

297

Individual and familial factors associated with fruit and vegetable intake among 11- to 14-year-old Romanian school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

The healthy nutrition guidelines proposed by international research institutes and the World Health Organization recommend a daily intake of fruit and vegetables of at least 400 g, representing five servings a day (each serving contains around 80 g). Moreover, the recommendations stress the importance of consuming both fruit and vegetables daily, preferably at least two portions of fruit and three portions of vegetables per day. To efficiently develop interventions for promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among children, it is essential to identify and understand the factors that influence these behaviours. The present study aims at identifying the individual and familial factors which influence fruit and vegetable consumption among Romanian children. A cross-sectional survey by means of anonymous questionnaires was conducted among 361 school children, aged 11-14, from Cluj-Napoca, Romania (April-May 2011). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to assess the correlates of fruit and vegetable intake. The results show that 44.6% of the children met the recommendations regarding fruit intake, while 9.1% of the children declared eating the daily recommended portions of vegetables. Knowledge regarding the recommended number of daily servings and higher self-efficacy concerning the intake of fruit and vegetables every day were positively associated with higher consumption of fruit and vegetables. Fruit preference also influenced positively the consumption of fruit. The familial factor associated with vegetable intake was the perceived behaviour of the mother, while fruit intake was higher among children who declared higher fruit availability at home. Hence, it is necessary to develop in Romania nutrition interventions addressing the determinants of fruit and vegetable intake as identified by this study; these interventions should target both children and parents. PMID:25323566

Lotrean, Lucia Maria; Tutui, Iulia

2014-10-17

298

Clinical and epidemiological evaluation of a live, cold-adapted influenza vaccine for 3-14-year-olds.  

OpenAIRE

Reported is a study of live, cold-adapted (CA) reassortant mono-, di-, and trivalent influenza type A and B vaccines in a series of controlled clinical and epidemiological investigations involving nearly 130 000 children aged 3-15 years. The results of clinical, immunological, and morbidity investigations of the vaccinees and a control group over 6-months' follow-up indicated that the vaccines were completely attenuated by the children. Transient febrile reactions occurred in < 1% of the chil...

Rudenko, L. G.; Lonskaya, N. I.; Klimov, A. I.; Vasilieva, R. I.; Ramirez, A.

1996-01-01

299

Distinct Discrimination Learning Strategies and Their Relation with Spatial Memory and Attentional Control in 4- to 14-Year-Olds  

Science.gov (United States)

Behavioral, psychophysiological, and neuropsychological studies have revealed large developmental differences in various learning paradigms where learning from positive and negative feedback is essential. The differences are possibly due to the use of distinct strategies that may be related to spatial working memory and attentional control. In…

Schmittmann, Verena D.; van der Maas, Han L. J.; Raijmakers, Maartje E. J.

2012-01-01

300

Prevalence and Severity of Asthma, Rhinitis, and Atopic Eczema in 13- to 14-Year-Old Schoolchildren from Southern Brazil  

OpenAIRE

Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema in schoolchildren from southern Brazil. A cross-sectional study was carried out with the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood phase III written questionnaire. The questionnaire was self-applied by 2,948 randomly selected schoolchildren aged 13 to 14 years. The lifetime prevalence rates of symptoms were as follows: wheezing, 40.8%; rhinitis, 4...

Neto Arnaldo; Annes Rafael; Mm, Wolff Nathalia; Klein Andréia P; dos Santos Francisco C; Dullius Juliana L; Gressler Marina; Muller Letícia S; Angonese Cristine F; Menna-Barreto Sérgio

2006-01-01

301

Reflections on the development of an EFL reading programme for middle school students of varied levels of English  

OpenAIRE

This personal-experience article attempts to share with the reader an EFL reading and grammar programme that was designed in 2002 for a group of 12 to 14-year olds (6th and 7th graders) whose English levels varied from almost nil to semiconversational. Multi-levels of English in any given group present a considerable challenge to either the EFL or ESL teacher, needless to say. More than one of these students exhibited evidence of a learning disability, not only in L2 but in L1 as well. F...

Barfield Randall

2003-01-01

302

STUDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS OF THE REALIZATION PROCESS OF PROJECT AND PERFORMANCE TASKS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL TURKISH LANGUAGE COURSE (CASE OF MALATYA CITY ?LKÖ?RET?M TÜRKÇE DERS? PROJE VE PERFORMANS GÖREVLER?N?N GERÇEKLE?T?R?LME SÜREC?NE YÖNEL?K Ö?RENC? GÖRÜ?LER? (MALATYA ?L? ÖRNE??  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine students’ views about the implementation of project and performance tasks in second level primary school Turkish Language curriculum. A-28 item five-point Likert type Project and Performance Task scale was used to collect the data. The research group consisted of sixth, seventh and eighth grade students enrolled in 12 primary schools located in four education regions in Malatya city center. To analyze the data, independent groups t test was used in terms of gender variable and One Way Anova was used in terms of class level and socio-economic level of the schools. Turkish Language Education curriculum was found effective in using project and performance tasks as an alternative measurement and evaluation tool. By taking into consideration project and performance tasks as a process centered measurement and evaluation application, students should be provided a suitable environment where they can construct the knowledge. Bu ara?t?rman?n amac?, ?lkö?retim ?kinci Kademe Türkçe Dersi Ö?retim Program?’ndaki proje ve performans görevlerinin uygulanmas?na ili?kin ö?renci görü?lerini belirlemektir. Ara?t?rmada veri toplamak amac? ile 28 maddeden olu?an be?li Likert Tipi Proje ve Performans Görevleri Ölçe?i kullan?lm??t?r. Bu ara?t?rman?n çal??ma grubunu, Malatya il merkezinde dört e?itim bölgesinden seçilen 12 ilkö?retim okulundaki 6, 7 ve 8. s?n?f ö?rencileri olu?turmaktad?r. Verilerin analizinde cinsiyet de?i?kenine göre ba??ms?z gruplar t testi, s?n?f ve sosyoekonomik düzey de?i?kenlerine göre varyans analizi kullan?lm??t?r. Alternatif ölçme ve de?erlendirme araçlar?ndan olan proje ve performans görevlerinin uygulanmas? noktas?nda Türkçe Ö?retim Program?n?n genel olarak etkili oldu?u belirlenmi?tir. Proje ve performans görevlerinin süreç odakl? ölçme ve de?erlendirme uygulamalar? oldu?u göz önünde bulundurularak, ö?renciye bilgiyi yap?land?raca?? ortam ve destek sa?lanmal?d?r.

Ahmet Turan S?NAN

2010-07-01

303

Growth in Turkish Positive Basic Sciences, 1933-1966.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study collected data on the measurable qualities of Turkish science in terms of high level scientific manpower, scientific productivity, and scientific fertility from 1933 to 1966 and analyzed the data collected with the goal of providing a deeper understanding of the nature of Turkish science. Scientific personnel, including Turkish…

Ozinonu, A. Kemal

304

CLASSROOM TEACHER’S PERSPECTIVES ABOUT USING TECHNOLOGY IN TURKISH LESSONS  

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Full Text Available Using educational technologies in the classroom contributes to make thelessons interesting for students, to facilitate achieving the objectives ofthe lesson to prevent the waste of time and to maintain a permanentlearning. Although only printed media has been used in Turkish lessonsuntil quiet recently, using technological tools has become moreimportant with the renewed elementary school curriculum. But no matterhow much improvement occur in the field of educational technologies, itshouldn’t be forgotten that these tools are used by teachers. In this studyit’s aimed to define the classroom teacher’s perspectives about usingeducational technologies in Turkish lessons. The study was carried outwith the 30 classroom teachers in the centre of Ankara. Semi-structuredinterview forms were used to define the teacher’s perspectives. The datahas been analyzed through descriptive analysis and content analysistechniques. While three out of four teachers participated in this studythink that educational technologies should be used in Turkish lessons,one out of four teachers on the other hand think that it is unnecessary touse educational technologies in Turkish lessons. Furthermore, it isdetermined that they use educational technologies mostly in visualreading, visual presentation and listening and learning environments onthe other hand they use them in speaking and learning environments atleast.

Mehmet KATRANCI

2013-01-01

305

PROBLEMS OF TURKISH TEACHING TÜRKÇE Ö?RET?M?N?N SORUNLARI  

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Full Text Available There are serious problems in Turkish teaching as native language and foreign language. These problems are based on curriculums (primary school Turkish lesson curriculum, Turkish Education undergraduate curriculum, textbooks and source books, institutions about the subject area, instructors, students… etc.In this article, difficulties and problems in Turkish teaching as native and foreign language determined from observations and studies/articles about subject area presented to care. Türkçenin ana dili ve yabanc? dil olarak ö?retiminde ciddi sorunlarla kar??la??lmaktad?r. Bu sorunlar temelde programlardan (ilkö?retim Türkçe dersi programlar?ndan, Türkçe ö?retmenli?i lisans program?ndan, takip edilen kitaplardan, ö?retim metotlar?ndan, alanla ilgili kurumlardan, ö?retim elemanlar?ndan, ö?rencilerden… vd. kaynaklanmaktad?r.Makalede, Türkçenin ana dili ve yabanc? dil olarak ö?retimi s?ras?nda kar??la??lan güçlükler ve sorunlar gözlemlerden ve konuyla ilgili olarak haz?rlanm?? çal??malardan/yay?nlardan hareketle dikkatlere sunulmu?tur.

Cengiz ALYILMAZ

2010-07-01

306

Cross-Cultural Validation of the Beck Depression Inventory-II across U.S. and Turkish Samples  

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The purpose of this study was to test the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) for factorial invariance across Turkish and U.S. college student samples. The results indicated that (a) a two-factor model has an adequate fit for both samples, thus providing evidence of configural invariance, and (b) there is a metric invariance but "no" sufficient…

Canel-Cinarbas, Deniz; Cui, Ying; Lauridsen, Erica

2011-01-01

307

Evaluation the prevalence of permanent anterior crown fracture and its relevant between 7-14 years students in Tehran, year of 1375  

OpenAIRE

Anterior tooth crown fracture in children is something that each dentist will confront"nmany times during his professional career."nWe studied the prevalence of anterior teeth crown fractures between 7-14 years old students in"nTehran and some relevant factors like sex, age, the traumatized tooth, amount of overbite and"noverjet, upper lip coverage, jaw that had fractured tooth or teeth and place of fracture in fractured"ncrown."n1338 boys and 1184 girls were in ...

Mahmodian J; Kusari A; Faghih-e-Nasiri E

1999-01-01

308

Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations  

OpenAIRE

Objectives: The psychometric instruments used in coping research have long been criticised because of their various flaws. The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) is a promising measure with its sound psychometric properties. The current investigation aimed at evaluating the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the CISS in a large group of college students.Methods: The sample consisted of 729 undergraduates - 492 females (67.49%) and 237 males (32.51%), - average age...

Murat Boysan

2012-01-01

309

Adaptation of the Attitudes to Moral Decision-Making in Youth Sport Questionnaire into Turkish Culture: A Validity and Reliability Study in a Turkish Sample  

OpenAIRE

The aim of this study is the adaptation of The Attitudes to Moral Decision-Making in Youth Sport Questionnaire to Turkish student sample aged between 11-19. Data was collected from 398 student athletes. Cronbach’s Alfa Coefficient of the AMDYSQ was found 0,76, and test retest reliability coefficient was found 0,855. The validity of the AMDYSQ analyzed with confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Fit indices values for all parameters were found to be good or excellent (Chi-square/df=2,85; GFI= 0...

Gu?rpinar, Bahri Akdeniz U?niversitesi

2014-01-01

310

Discourse of Mobbing in Turkish Press  

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Full Text Available Mobbing (Psychological violence in working place has been researched especially by the scientists making researches in organizational communication for last 20-25 years. In Turkey, mobbing concept is a newer research field. In this study, how the news regarding mobbing has been given in Turkish press will be analyzed with Van Dijk?s discourse analysis.How the news regarding mobbing has taken place in Turkish press will be analyzed by applying Van Dijk?s discourse analysis. From the year of 1997 when the news related to the mobbing appeared to today, what kinds of differences happened in news discourses especially with taking place of mobbing in Turkish Criminal Law, will be analyzed.

Ece Karado?an Doruk

2011-07-01

311

THE PROBLEM OF IDENTIFYING OBJECT IN TURKISH  

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Full Text Available The object and its morpheme is one of important problems in Turkish grammar. Turkish workers generally determine object using either morpheme and function of object or only its function. Some of them have accepted object as a obligatory syntactic valency from the point of view of verb-coplement reletion. As a result of this different approachs, in Turkish it has been claimed that there are +E, +DEN, +LE morpheme-marked objects. Therefore object sorts being in contradiction with each other have occured. All of assertion which being claimed on object caused the problem and confusion of identifying object. In this point, it seem that to identify object easily, +? and +Ø accusative case-marker morphemes must be used, and accusative case has marked not only “patient” semantic role and different semantic roles or case, and it must be distinguish betwen object and obligatory syntactic valency that verb requires.

Nuh DO?AN

2010-01-01

312

Tagging and Morphological Disambiguation of Turkish Text  

CERN Document Server

Automatic text tagging is an important component in higher level analysis of text corpora, and its output can be used in many natural language processing applications. In languages like Turkish or Finnish, with agglutinative morphology, morphological disambiguation is a very crucial process in tagging, as the structures of many lexical forms are morphologically ambiguous. This paper describes a POS tagger for Turkish text based on a full-scale two-level specification of Turkish morphology that is based on a lexicon of about 24,000 root words. This is augmented with a multi-word and idiomatic construct recognizer, and most importantly morphological disambiguator based on local neighborhood constraints, heuristics and limited amount of statistical information. The tagger also has functionality for statistics compilation and fine tuning of the morphological analyzer, such as logging erroneous morphological parses, commonly used roots, etc. Preliminary results indicate that the tagger can tag about 98-99\\% of the...

Oflazer, K; Oflazer, Kemal; Kuruoz, Ilker

1994-01-01

313

Cultural Dyphemisms in the Turkish Culture Region  

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Full Text Available Turkish steppe culture constituted a typical structure with regard to its creation and development. It emerged from steppe geography. The geography affected social, politic, economical, military and religious structure of the society substantially. The Turkish culture was shaped up under these influences. The agents of the culture appeared as a shepherd generally. Shepherding provided a basic to the animal husbandry. The shepherds headed to search the fertile grass. Shepherding obliged people to became seminomadic. Thus the life continued in a manner of searching new pastures and shuttling between plateau and winter quarters . The horse that is one of the important ingredient of the culture provided mobility and speed to the culture. In social, politic, and military life of society the horse came into prominence. The nomadic houses or the cars contributed to Turks’ life very much. These nomad houses were shelter at the nights and cold days for them. Going from the plateau to winter quarters and from pasture to another pasture was made easy thanks to these. The finding which took out from graves reflects to all features of the culture.The ruins of nomad houses and horses were arised from the graves . These support the informations which was given in the written sources. Among the findings, there were also The animal struggle scenes which reflect art concept of theseminomadism between tomb finds. This art concept named as turkish animal style. It’s tried to determine The scope of the Turkish culture by emphasizing steppe, shepherding, semi-nomadism, horse, nomad house, tomb. It is also emphasized that aforementioned notions can be used for Turkish culture. Thus, cultural dysphemisms in the turkish culture based on that idea.

?lhami Durmu?

2014-12-01

314

Innovative Constructions in Dutch Turkish: An Assessment of Ongoing Contact-Induced Change  

Science.gov (United States)

Turkish as spoken in the Netherlands (NL-Turkish) sounds "different" (unconventional) to Turkish speakers in Turkey (TR-Turkish). We claim that this is due to structural contact-induced change that is, however, located within specific lexically complex units copied from Dutch. This article investigates structural change in NL-Turkish through…

Dogruoz, A. Seza; Backus, Ad

2009-01-01

315

[Dr. Rosa Maria Rössler (Wien 1901 - Istanbul 1954): her work in Istanbul and her contribution to Turkish medicine].  

Science.gov (United States)

During the Turkish University Reform in 1933 the Turkish Government invited many foreign scientists in order to assign them to Istanbul University. Almost all of them were scientists who had escaped from Hitler's Germany. In 1938, also some Austrian scientists who had to leave their country were included into the staff of Istanbul University. Dr. Rosa Maria Rössler, born in Vienna in 1901, came to Turkey in 1934, earlier than the other Austrians did. She worked in the Institute of Pathologic Anatomy of the Medical Faculty of Istanbul University permanently from 1937 under Prof. Dr. Philipp Schwartz; after ten years she moved to the 2(nd) Clinic for Internal Diseases under Prof. Dr. Erich Frank, in the same faculty. She participated in training sessions in both departments and translated books of both her superiors from German into Turkish. One of the most important reform goals of Turkish University was to provide students with modern textbooks. Rössler died in 1954, at a young age, in Turkey, where she had lived alone for twenty years. The article illustrates the impression she left in Turkish medicine. PMID:18043887

Namal, Arin

2007-01-01

316

A Comparing of Body Composition Components in Physically Active and Inactive Male Students of Sharoud University of Technology  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study is to investigate the body mass indexes and physical activities of 11-14 year -old adolescent boys in Khooshab.Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 300 male students aging 11-14 years old in Khooshab (2009. Subjects were selected via random sampling. Underweight, overweight and obesity were defined based on the 5th, 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index (BMI for age and sex, respectively, as proposed by CDC, 2000. Physical activity levels were assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ. Sedentary behaviors and socioeconomic status of subjects were assessed by means of a researcher- made questionnaire.Results: The overall prevalence of underweight and overweight-obesity was 16% and 3.38%, respectively. The levels of light; intermediate, and heavy physical activity among the obese subjects were 19, 24 and 15, among normal subjects were 19, 44, and 36, and among the lean ones were 22, 60 and 41 mins in 24 hours. Physical activity levels significantly were lower (P<0.01 in overweight-obese subjects than in normal-weight and underweight subjects. Television watching times were higher (P<0.05 in overweight-obese subjects than normal-weight subjects. Education levels of parents were significantly higher in overweight-obese subjects than normal-weight subjects.Conclusion: we concluded that prevalence of underweight was higher than prevalence overweight and obesity among 11-14 year-old adolescent boys in Khooshab. Furthermore, physical activity was not related to body mass index and increase in sedentary behaviors (television waticng were related with obesity and overweight in our subjects.

Mehdi Broghani

2010-01-01

317

Using a Corpus for Teaching Turkish Morphology  

CERN Document Server

This paper reports on the preliminary phase of our ongoing research towards developing an intelligent tutoring environment for Turkish grammar. One of the components of this environment is a corpus search tool which, among other aspects of the language, will be used to present the learner sample sentences along with their morphological analyses. Following a brief introduction to the Turkish language and its morphology, the paper describes the morphological analysis and ambiguity resolution used to construct the corpus used in the search tool. Finally, implementation issues and details involving the user interface of the tool are discussed.

Guvenir, H A; Oflazer, Kemal

1995-01-01

318

Turkish adaptation of the physical education trait anxiety scale: The validity and reliability study  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to adapt the Physical Education Trait Anxiety Scale developed by Barkoukis, Rodafinos, Koidou and Tsorbatzoudis (2012 in Turkish. Being in English originally, this scale consists of 18 items and 3 dimensions. First of all, the original scale was translated into Turkish for adaptation study. It was aimed to determine whether the Turkish form and English form had the same meaning in the practice, the original and then the translated form of the scale were applied two weeks apart on a group of high school students. Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient was considered to test the consistency between scores obtained from the both scales and it was found to be .995. Accordingly, high-level, positive and significant relationship was found between Turkish and English scales. The scale with lingual equivalence was applied on a total of 190 high-school students. Internal consistency coefficient of the whole scale was found to be .94 and test-retest reliability of the scale was found to be .96. Internal consistency coefficient was found to be .93 for the first sub-dimension "Cognitive Processes"; .97 for the second sub-dimension "Somatic Anxiety" and .98 for the third sub-dimension "Worry". Factor analysis was conducted to determine the construct validity of the scale. To this end, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA was applied to test the three-factor construct of the scale. According to the validity and reliability analyses, it was found that this scale is a reliable and valid scale to be used to determine the trait anxiety levels of high school students towards physical education in Turkey.

Yaprak Kalemo?lu Varol

2014-02-01

319

OLD TURKEY TURKISH DIALECTS DICTIONARY
ESK? TÜRK?YE TÜRKÇES? A?IZLARI SÖZLÜ?Ü
 

OpenAIRE

Turkologs works abouth Old Anatolian Turkish, Ottoman Turkish and Old Oguz Turkish. The period from XI century to XX century is The Old Turkey Turkish. Today, as the Anatolian dialects are Old Turkey Turkish dialects too. Old Turkey Turkish Dialects Dictionary has been created to prepare the necessary pre-conditions. Turkey Turkish Dictionary of old mouth now be prepared. Türkoloji occurred in the pre-condition consists of the necessary for the preparation of the old Turkish Dictionary of th...

Hazar, Mehmet

2009-01-01

320

The acrocallosal syndrome in a Turkish boy.  

OpenAIRE

A 6 month old Turkish boy with the acrocallosal syndrome is reported. The patient, born to consanguineous, healthy parents, presented with macrocephaly, a prominent forehead, hypertelorism, polydactyly of the fingers and toes, severe motor and mental retardation, hypotonia, and absence of the corpus callosum. The mode of inheritance is discussed and our case is compared with previously reported cases of the syndrome.

Yu?ksel, M.; Caliskan, M.; Og?ur, G.; Ozmen, M.; Dolunay, G.; Apak, S.

1990-01-01

321

(Non-)Peripheral Matters in Turkish Syntax  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this dissertation is to investigate the nature of word order variation in declarative and interrogative clauses in Turkish within the framework of the generative syntax. The specific issue that will be examined in this dissertation concerns the role of discourse-pragmatics in word order variation. I will argue that all movement…

Sener, Serkan

2010-01-01

322

Turkish Geography Trainee Teachers' Perceptions of Geography  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines Turkish geography trainee teachers' perceptions of geography as a discipline and perceptions of the aim of geographical education. This study pursues the ideas of Catling (2004) and uses his classification. The sample in the research consists of 136 geography trainees at six different universities in Turkey. The questionnaire…

Alkis, Secil

2009-01-01

323

Conflict Management Styles of Turkish Managers  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine Turkish managers conflict styles in different sectors, namely durable consumer goods, aviation, automotive and banking. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 130 managers conflict management styles were assessed by applying the Rahim's 1983 Organizational Conflict Inventory-II. Findings: First,…

Ozkalp, Enver; Sungur, Zerrin; Ozdemir, Aytul Ayse

2009-01-01

324

THE EFFECTS OF JIGSAW-IV TECHNIQUE ON THE FOREIGN STUDENTS LEARNING THE BASIC TENSES IN TURKISH - JIGSAW-IV TEKN???N?N YABANCI Ö?RENC?LER?N TÜRKÇEDEK? TEMEL ZAMANLARI Ö?RENMELER? ÜZER?NDEK? ETK?S?  

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Full Text Available This study has been conducted with the aim of identifying the effects of Jigsaw-IV technique, which is one of the cooperative learning techniques, on the students learning Turkish as a foreign language skill of learning basic tenses. To this study in which as an experimental pattern post-test control group pattern is used, 32 students consisting of 16 experimental and 16 control group students who learn Turkish as a foreign language at Istanbul University Language Center attended. While Jigsaw-IV technique is used in grammar activities of teaching basic tenses in the experimental group, in the control group traditional teaching methods are used. As teaching of basic tenses start from A1 level (present continuous tense and continue until the end of A2 level (simple past tense, future tense, reported past tense and simple present tense, this study lasted for 16 weeks in the grammar activities of basic tenses. The data of the study has been collected with “The Use of Present Continuous Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Simple Past Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Future Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Reported Past Tense Achievement Test”, and “The Use of Simple Present Tense Achievement Test” developed by the researcher. As a result of the study, it has been observed that in all tests in which basic tense knowledge of students is tested, the average achievement of the experimental group in which Jigsaw-IV technique is used is higher than the achievement of the control group. Bu çal??ma, Jigsaw-IV tekni?inin yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen ö?rencilerin Türkçedeki temel zamanlar? ö?renme becerileri üzerindeki etkisini belirlemek amac?yla yap?lm??t?r. Son-test kontrol gruplu modelin kullan?ld??? bu çal??maya, ?Ü Dil Merkezi’nde yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen 32 ö?renci kat?lm??t?r. Deney grubunda Jigsaw-IV tekni?i kullan?l?rken; kontrol grubunda geleneksel ö?retim modeli uygulanm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n verileri, ara?t?rman? taraf?ndan geli?tirilen “?imdiki Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Belirli Geçmi? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Gelecek Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Belirsiz Geçmi? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi” ve “Geni? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi” ile toplanm??t?r. Ara?t?rma sonucunda, temel zamanlar?n s?nand??? tüm testlerde deney grubunun ortalamalar?n?n kontrol grubunun ortalamalar?ndan daha yüksek oldu?u görülmü?tür.

Fatma BÖLÜKBA?

2014-09-01

325

THE TRACES OF OLD TURKISH IN CHAGATAI TURKISH ÇA?ATAY TÜRKÇES?NDE ESK? TÜRKÇEN?N ?ZLER?  

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Full Text Available The works of Chagatai Turkish not only contains all features turning out Chagatai Turkish into a literary language but also it includes O?uz and K?pçak Turkish elements and Old Turkish phonetic and structural characteristics. While some language features of Uighur and Köktürk period become a characteristic feature of Chagatai Turkish, some of these features indicate a structural feature of archaic especially in the works of Chagatai Turkish. In this study, the language features of Old Turkish have been determined in the works of Chagatai Turkish and the presence of word power of the time has been tried to be examined in the same direction. The statement "Old Turkish" refers to the Uighur and Köktürk Turkish. Ça?atay Türkçesine ait eserler, Ça?ataycay? ayr? bir yaz? dili hâline getiren bütün özellikleri ta??mas? d???nda O?uz ve K?pçak unsurlar?n? ve Eski Türkçenin ses ve ?ekil hususiyetlerini de bünyesinde ta??r. Ça?atay Türkçesi eserlerinde Köktürk ve Uygur dönemine ait baz? dil unsurlar? Ça?ataycan?n karakteristik bir özelli?i hâline gelirken bir k?sm? da arkaik bir yap? özelli?i gösterir. Bu çal??mada, Ça?atay Türkçesi eserlerinde, Eski Türkçenin dil özellikleri tespit edilmeye ve dönemin söz varl??? ayn? do?rultuda incelenmeye çal???lm??t?r. “Eski Türkçe” ifadesiyle kastedilen Köktürk ve Uygur Türkçesidir.

Filiz Meltem ERDEM UÇAR

2011-01-01

326

Psychometric properties of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale in a Turkish sample.  

Science.gov (United States)

A stepwise validation procedure was carried out to translate and develop a Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale. A total of 858 college students completed the Tuckman Procrastination Scale, the Academic Self-efficacy Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. Two items in the original scale loaded on a different factor and were removed from the measure. The 14-item scale had a one-factor solution as supported by subsequent confirmatory factor analysis. The Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale scores correlated negatively with academic self-efficacy and self-esteem scores. Overall results provided evidence for the validity and the reliability of the scale scores. PMID:24693816

Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Saçkes, Mesut; Tuckman, Bruce W

2013-12-01

327

Characterisation of Turkish fly ashes  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The mineralogical, morphological, physical and chemical properties of 7 fly ashes from coal fields in Turkey are compared. The mineral matter in the fly ashes, determined by X-ray diffraction, is dominated by anhydride, lime, quartz and hematite + ferrite spinel. The three low-calcium ashes have the typical, relatively simple, crystalline phase Q, M, H and FS. The high-calcium fly ashes have the most complex assemblage of crystalline phases. The much higher calcium concentrations in these samples result in the formation of lime (CaO), melilite ((Ca, Na){sub 2}(Mg,Al,Fe)(Si,Al){sub 2}O{sub 7}) and merwinite. The presence of anhydride in all samples indicates that the high activity of calcium not only promotes the formation of sulfates from calcite but also the dehydration of gypsum during and after combustion, which occurs at temperatures above 400-500{degree}C. It is important to understand the interaction of high-calcium fly ashes with water occurring in Portland cement (C{sub 3}A,C{sub 2}S), Ah, which hydrates to give gypsum and lime, with the latter hydrating to give the Ca(OH){sub 2} solutions that promote pozzolonic reactions. Some of the particles comprised irregularly formed, vesicular particles with some well-formed individual spheres in Catalagzi and Tuncbilek fly ashes. About 55-80 wt% was less than 45 {mu}m in size for Yatagan, Soma, Yenikoy and Afsin-Elbistan fly ashes. The fly ashes were mainly composed of CaO, SiO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. They have a potential use in wastewater treatment since they can be easily obtained in large quantities at low price or even free. The chemical and mineralogical compositions of the high-calcium Turkish fly ashes investigated make them a good binding agent and a possible substitute for slags, pozzolana and gypsum in the amelioration of clinker. 53 refs., 10 figs., 5 tabs.

Bayat, O. [Cukurova University, Adana (Turkey). Mining Engineering Dept.

1998-07-01

328

AN ANALYSIS OF TURKISH LANGUAGE TEACHER CANDIDATES’ ATTITUDES TOWARDS COMPUTER ASSISTED EDUCATION
TÜRKÇE Ö?RETMEN? ADAYLARININ B?LG?SAYAR DESTEKL? E??T?ME ?L??K?N TUTUMLARININ ?NCELENMES?
 

OpenAIRE

The aim of the study is to analyze attitudes of Turkish language teacher candidates towards Computer Assisted Education in terms of several variables. “The Attitude Scale Towards Computer Assisted Education”, developed by Arslan (2006), has been used as a data collection instrument. The subjects of the research are 215 Turkish language teacher candidates studying at A?r? ?brahim Çeçen University. The samples of the research are 135 randomly selected students. The statistical methods ...

S?ahi?n, Abdullah

2011-01-01

329

An essay upon the business cycle facts: the Turkish case  

OpenAIRE

In our paper, we try to investigate the main determinants of the Turkish business cycles. Having examined some important issues of interest in business cycle theory, we estimate the business cycle stylized facts for the Turkish economy and compare the estimation results obtained in this paper to some benchmark papers chosen in business cycle literature. All in all, our estimation results give support to the importance of supply side models in explaining the Turkish business cycles in line wit...

Levent, Korap

2006-01-01

330

INSIDE CONTEMPORARY TURKISH LITERATURE: CONCERNS, REFERENCES AND THEMES  

OpenAIRE

This general critical inquiry into contemporary Turkishliterature is inclusive rather than exhaustive and focuses on a numberof concerns, themes and repeated references to Turkish socialrelations. After noting earlier developments in Turkish literature, thisarticle then proceeds to examine these repeated references, themes andconcerns of modern Turkish authors, poets and dramatists and theirtexts. Turks in other literature is another topic for consideration,followed by a final section that co...

Gu?lendam, Assoc Prof Dr Ramazan

2008-01-01

331

Students left out by narrow view of science  

SCPinfonet

... Louise Archer, Professor of Sociology of Education at King’s College London, said, “The vast majority of 10-14 year olds enjoy science and recognise the importance of it; sadly, however, even greater proportions appear to feel left out by it or struggle ... Professor Archer continues, “A visible scientific role model in the family appears to make a big difference.  Having someone involved in science in the family seems to lift the curtain on the wide range of roles and exciting areas you can end up in when ... Professor Archer adds, “Looking at students’ desire to do something relevant that ‘makes a difference’, arguably a lot of emphasis is being placed on making science interesting but now we need to also let young people and families know that studying science can open doors ...

332

Turkish Independence War and its consequences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available At the end of the First World War, the Ottoman Empire collapsed and the Great Powers came to take the control of its territories. Having a strategic position at the southern gate of Europe, all of Turkish lands were very important for the First World War winners, both to secure European borders and to develop the trade between Europe and Middle East. On the other side, under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk command, a new Turkey with a strong nationalist way decided to fight for emancipating. Winning the war with the Great Powers not only in a military way, but also from a diplomatic perspective, the new Turkey became a modern regional power, having institutions and laws that assured its prosperity and security. Taking into consideration the independence war evolution, this paper wants also to show the diplomatic capability of Turkish leaders to balance between powers involved in the region.

Alexandru?Nicolae Cucu

2014-11-01

333

USAGE OF SYNONYM WORD IN OLD ANATOLIAN TURKISH MEDICAL HANDSCRIPTS AND SYNONYMITY IN TURKISH  

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Full Text Available Richness of languages evaluates by its vocabulary. Some of these words occures with synonyms, which have got same meanings. While investigating oldness of languages, the presence belongs to these language synonyms are also important. Some of synonyms as well taken from other languages. Presence of borrowed words in a language has importance in the way of the language history. Commercial, scientific, literary, etc. relations which are established with the other nations also reverberates to the presence of vocabulary. In the period of the Old Anatolian Turkish, works were given in many fields in addition to orientation of scientific work also as mentioned. Hand scripts in medicine subject point out in the works which proved by the influence of Anatolian Bey’s. Turkish Terms and their synonyms which used in these hand scripts had contributed to comprise Turkish scientific language.

?lhan UÇAR

2010-04-01

334

Glycemic Control of Turkish Adult Diabetic Patients  

OpenAIRE

AbstractObjective: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study to determine the level of glycemic control and other characteristics in adult Turkish patients with diabetes mellitus, who were already receiving treatment. Materials and Methods: A total of 2358 adult diabetic patients that had been on treatment for at least 3 months and followed in 44 different centers spread throughout Turkey were recruited in the study. Glycemic control was determined by glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) ...

Aytekin O?uz; Olcay Gedik; Hüsrev Hatemi; Temel Y?lmaz, M.; ?azi ?mamo?lu; Nuri Kamel; Cande?er Y?lmaz

2008-01-01

335

Fatty Acid Composition of Turkish Rhododendron Species  

OpenAIRE

This study describes work aimed at the rapid evaluation of the fatty acid (FA) composition of Turkish Rhododendron species, particularly the leaves and the flowers of the toxic plants, R. ponticum and R. luteum. The FA profiles of the available parts of three other nonpoisonous Rhododendron species were also investigated. Subtotal extracts obtained (using n-hexane, chloroform and methanol) from total chloroform:methanol (1:1) extracts were analyzed and compared to each other. Palmitic acid wa...

Carballeira, N. M.; Cartagena, M. M.; Tasdemir, D.

2008-01-01

336

TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES’ OPINIONS ABOUT LISTENING PROBLEMS  

OpenAIRE

Listening skill has an important place in people’s life, but is often neglected. This skill is obtained before birth, and should be developed systematically at school. People with developed listening skill are successful at education and in their social lives. To achieve this skill teachers are very important. First of all teachers should have enough knowledge about listening and listening problems. Especially Turkish teachers should try to improve listening skill. The aim of this study is ...

Emi?rog?lu, Selim

2013-01-01

337

Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis: review of Turkish reports.  

OpenAIRE

Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare disorder, only 173 cases having been reported worldwide. Fifty two cases from Turkey are reported, 49 of which have previously been described only in Turkish publications. The mean age of the patients was 27 (SD 12) years, 34 were male, and 10 were symptomless. In 40 of the 52 cases diagnosis was confirmed histopathologically. Nineteen cases were diagnosed in siblings. This high rate suggests that pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a familial dise...

Ucan, E. S.; Keyf, A. I.; Aydilek, R.; Yalcin, Z.; Sebit, S.; Kudu, M.; Ok, U.

1993-01-01

338

An analysis of Turkish hydropower policy  

OpenAIRE

Over the last decade, Turkish electricity demand has increased more than 8% per annum as a result of economic development. Being one of the renewable energy sources par excellence, non-exhaustible, non-polluting and economically more attractive than other renewable sources, hydropower has turned out to be an important contributor to the future energy mix of the country. This paper deals with hydropower policies to meet increasing electricity demand for sustainable energy development in Turkey...

Erdogdu, Erkan

2011-01-01

339

Factors that motivate Turkish EFL teachers  

OpenAIRE

Teachers’ motivation has been an extensive topic of discussion among researchers for over two decades. What has been missing in the discussion, though, is the perspective of those who teach English as a Foreign Language (EFL), especially those who work in Turkey. Therefore, the purpose of this case study was to investigate factors that motivated Turkish EFL teachers working at a Preparatory English Program of a university in Turkey and ways to enhance their motivation. Eight teachers took p...

Erkaya, Odile?a Rocha

2013-01-01

340

Democracy education in Turkish Education System  

OpenAIRE

The purpose of this study is to find out the reflection of legislation and practical samples of democracy education in school education of Turkish Education. Method of this study can be defined field study. For this purpose especially objectives, rules and principles in legislation was examined then did observations in schools and try to find out how the practical applications reflected in democracy education in schools. Results; although there are some expressions to carry out democracy ed...

Mehmet Okutan

2010-01-01

341

THE GREAT SILK ROAD AND TURKISH WORLD  

OpenAIRE

The expression of the great Silk Road first came from the famouse Chinese traveler Çjan Syan before the BC and is now known as Kervan Road. Later, this expression gained a new meaning between Asia, the Mediterranean and the European countries.An estimated of 20 000 km of total length of the Great Silk Road passed the Turkish peoples settled lands. The Silk Road that was considered as the Jugularvein major trade route that was connecting China and Byzantium was in Tur...

O?zdemi?r, Mustafa; I?sayev, Elbrus

2011-01-01

342

TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES’ OPINIONS ABOUT LISTENING PROBLEMS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Listening skill has an important place in people’s life, but is often neglected. This skill is obtained before birth, and should be developed systematically at school. People with developed listening skill are successful at education and in their social lives. To achieve this skill teachers are very important. First of all teachers should have enough knowledge about listening and listening problems. Especially Turkish teachers should try to improve listening skill. The aim of this study is to show the problems of Turkish teachers about listening and develop opinions and approaches to solve these problems. For this reason 97 Turkish-teacher candidates of Çukurova University were questioned in 2012-2013 academic year and these opinions were investigated according to gender factor. The question “What are the problems you face when listening to someone?” was asked, and so answered according to willingness. Data obtained from participants were investigated with content analyze technique, and classified into categories, sub-categories and themes. Participants indicated that listening problems happen % 58 because of senders, and % 22 because of receivers and % 21 because of other problems. It was observed that there is no great different on the base of gender. Some evaluations were made about listening problems and some suggestions were made.

Selim EM?RO?LU

2013-01-01

343

Turkish Journal of Chemistry’nin Bibliyometrik Analizi / Bibliometric Analysis of Turkish Journal of Chemistry  

OpenAIRE

[Turkish abstract]Bu makalede 1995 y?l?ndan beri Science Citation Index (SCI) ve Chemical Abstracts taraf?ndan indekslenen Turkish Journal of Chemistry (TJC) bibliyometrik aç?dan ele al?narak, bu dergide 1995-2007 y?llar? aras?nda yay?nlanan 861 makale incelenmi?tir. Ara?t?rmada cevap aranan sorular ?unlard?r: TJC’de en verimli yazarlar kimlerdir ve yazarlar aras?ndaki ili?ki durumu nedir? TJC’de çok yazarl?l?k durumu nedir? TJC’ye katk?da bulunan yazarlar?n kuruml...

Hatice Gül?en Birinci

2008-01-01

344

Socio-Cultural Approaches to Tourism: A Research on the “Tourist” Notion of Young Turkish People  

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Full Text Available Significance of tourism sector in Turkey is constantly expanding. Correspondingly the importance of the economic and socio-cultural impact of tourism also continues to develop. Because tourism draws tourists get into closer contact with the locals it has positive and negative effects on the destination. In general the aim of tourists is satisfying their expectations at the maximum degree during their stay. On the other side locals who live and work in the destination region have a primary role in welcoming them and satisfying the tourists’ needs and expectation. Turkish society is particularly well known for many generations as being very hospitable. Current research aims to reveal whether the young Turkish people sustain traditional “Turkish Hospitality” and to see their thoughts about tourists. The field research has been conducted on students of a foundation university located in Izmir and these young people’s point of view on tourists has been investigated by face to face interviews. It has been concluded that there is a weakening trend, nevertheless the notion of hospitality remains.

Ferika Özer Sari

2012-04-01

345

Photoluminescence of Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purple-colored unique gem material is only found in the Harmanc?k (Bursa) region of the western Anatolia (Turkey). Therefore, it is specially called “Turkish purple jade or turkiyenite” on the worldwide gem market. Even though its jadeite implication is the principal constituent, the material cannot be considered as a single jadeite mineral since other implications are quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid and phlogopite minerals. Even if the analytical methods are used to characterize and identify the Turkish purple jade samples in detail, the luminescence spectra, especially photoluminescence features regarding to composite mineral implications of the material are important because of the existence the numerous characteristic broad and intensive luminescence bands in the samples. We can state that the UV-irradiation luminescence centers as photoluminescence (PL) are due to the overall signals in the Turkish purple jade samples. Accordingly, the distinctive photoluminescence peaks at 743, 717, 698, 484, 465 and 442 nm in PL-2D (counter diagram and sections) and PL-3D (sequence spectra) ranging between 300 and 900 nm of wavelengths, and between 220 and 340 K of temperatures are observed. Finally, photoluminescence features of the heterogeneous-structured material cannot be simply attributed to any chemical impurities, since the jade mass has numerous heterogeneous mineral constituents instead of a single jadeite mineral. Six different mineral implications a Six different mineral implications and chemical impurities in the material composition display complex and individual all kind of luminescence features. Therefore, photoluminescence as well as radioluminescence, cathodoluminescence and thermoluminescence spectra provide positive identification regarding to the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite). - Highlights: ? The purple-colored gem material is only found in the Harmanc?k-Bursa region of Turkey. ? Material is called “Turkish purple jade” or “Turkiyenite” on the worldwide gem market. ? Photoluminescence peaks at 743–717–698–484–465–442 nm ranging 300–900 nm and 20–340 K. ? A combination of PL-2D and PL-3D graphics using the numerical data from UV excitation.

346

Turkish Children use Morphosyntactic Bootstrapping in Interpreting Verb Meaning  

Science.gov (United States)

How might syntactic bootstrapping apply in Turkish, which employs inflectional morphology to indicate grammatical relations and allows argument ellipsis? We investigated whether Turkish speakers interpret constructions differently depending on the number of NPs in the sentence, the presence of accusative case marking and the causative morpheme.…

Goksun, Tilbe; Kuntay, Aylin C.; Naigles, Letitia R.

2008-01-01

347

Turkish Prospective Teachers' Understanding and Misunderstanding on Global Warming  

Science.gov (United States)

The key objective of this study is to determine the Turkish elementary prospective teachers' opinions on global warming. It is also aimed to establish prospective teachers' views about the environmental education in Turkish universities. A true-false type scale was administered to 564 prospective teachers from science education, social studies…

Ocal, A.; Kisoglu, M.; Alas, A.; Gurbuz, H.

2011-01-01

348

The English ( and ( Vowel Sounds as Fossilized Pronunciation Errors for the Turkish Teachers of English and Solutions to the Problem  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Fossilized pronunciation errors constitute a great problem in the mastery of L2in second or foreign language learning and teaching (Odlin 1989; Demirezen, 2003;Demirezen, 2004; Johnson, 2001. One of such errors, which is committed by a greatmajority of Turkish teachers of English and student teachers, is the acquisition of ƒËƒÁƒÍ andƒËƒµƒÍ vowel sounds of the English language. There has been no specific material or lessonplan encountered so far in the literature to rehabilitate the pronunciation difficulty, createdby ƒËƒÁƒÍ and ƒËƒµƒÍ vowel sounds of the English language. Therefore, this article aims toprovide pronunciation teaching material and a sample lesson on two difficult sounds forTurks, like ƒËƒÁƒÍ and ƒËƒµƒÍ, to the Turkish teachers-on-the-job and student teachers ofEnglish.

Mehmet DEM?REZEN

2006-10-01

349

Parsing Turkish with the Lexical Functional Grammar Formalism  

CERN Document Server

This paper describes our work on parsing Turkish using the lexical-functional grammar formalism. This work represents the first significant effort for parsing Turkish. Our implementation is based on Tomita's parser developed at Carnegie-Mellon University Center for Machine Translation. The grammar covers a substantial subset of Turkish including simple and complex sentences, and deals with a reasonable amount of word order freeness. The complex agglutinative morphology of Turkish lexical structures is handled using a separate two-level morphological analyzer. After a discussion of key relevant issues regarding Turkish grammar, we discuss aspects of our system and present results from our implementation. Our initial results suggest that our system can parse about 82\\% of the sentences directly and almost all the remaining with very minor pre-editing.

Gungordu, Z; Gungordu, Zelal; Oflazer, Kemal

1994-01-01

350

ACTIVITIES OF DEVELOPING VOCABULARY OF STUDENTS AND DICTIONARY USAGE IN TURKISH EDUCATION TÜRKÇE E??T?M?NDE Ö?RENC?LER?N SÖZ VARLI?INI GEL??T?RME ETK?NL?KLER? VE SÖZLÜK KULLANIMI  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Vocabulary is to affect the success of education, teaching and the skills of language of students. Words have important function in communication. In this study the importance of vocabulary is emphasized, the techniques need to be application during education of the students on new words and word training techniques are being investigated. Söz varl???, ö?rencilerin dil becerilerini, e?itim ve ö?retim ba?ar?lar?n? do?rudan etkilemektedir. Bireyler aras? ileti?imde de söz varl???n?n önemi büyüktür. Bu çal??mada söz varl???n?n önemi üzerinde durulmakta, ö?rencilere yeni kelimelerin kazand?r?lmas?nda takip edilmesi gereken teknikler ve kelime ö?retimine yönelik gerçekle?tirilebilecek etkinliklere i?aret edilmektedir.

Ali GÖÇER

2010-01-01

351

THE EFFECT OF TEACHING WRITING STRATEGIES ON TURKISH LANGUAGE TEACHING DEPARTMENT FRESMAN STUDENTS’ WRITING ACHIEVEMENT/YAZMA STRATEJ?LER? Ö?RET?M?N?N TÜRKÇE Ö?RETMENL??? B?R?NC? SINIF Ö?RENC?LER?N?N YAZMA BA?ARISINA ETK?S?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The aim of this study is to identify the effect of writing strategies instruction on Turkish Language Teaching Department freshmen’s writing achievement. In accordance this aim, the pretest-posttest control group design was used to identify the effect of writing strategies instruction on freshmen’s writing achievement. As the quasi-experimental design was used in the study, population and sample was not defined. Instead, sample groups were taken based on the equality of the groups. The control group consisted of 18 girls and 6 boys, totally 24 students whereas the experimental group included 21 girls and 5 boys, totally 26 students. In the study, written expression evaluation scale was used as measurement device. At the end of the study, it was concluded that writing strategies instruction enhances writing achievement of the experimental group while the scores of pretest and posttest of the control group were not significantly changed. Bu ara?t?rman?n amac?, yazma stratejileri e?itiminin Türkçe ö?retmenli?i 1. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin yaz?l? anlat?m ba?ar?lar?na olan etkisini belirlemektir. Bu amaç do?rultulsunda, ön test-son test kontrol gruplu yar? deneysel desene ba?vurulmu?tur. Ara?t?rmada yar? deneysel desen kullan?ld???ndan dolay? evren ve örneklem seçilmemi?, bunun yerine çal??ma gruplar? al?n?p gruplar?n e?itli?i üzerinde durulmu?tur. Kontrol grubu 18 k?z, 6 erkek olmak üzere toplam 24 ki?iden, deney grubu ise 21 k?z, 5 erkek olmak üzere toplam 26 ki?iden olu?maktad?r. Çal??mada ölçme arac? olarak Yaz?l? Anlat?m De?erlendirme Ölçe?i kullan?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n sonunda deney grubu ö?rencilerinin yazma ba?ar?s? ön test ve son test puanlar? aras?nda son test lehine anlaml? farkl?l?k oldu?u, kontrol grubu ö?rencilerinin yazma ba?ar?s? ön test ve son test puanlar? aras?nda anlaml? farkl?l?k olmad??? tespit edilmi?tir.

Ersoy TOPUZKANAMI?

2014-06-01

352

Safety Perception of Turkish and European Passengers in Turkish Airports: A Cross-National Comparison  

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Full Text Available This research primarily aimed to illustrate the national differences of passengers regarding their perceptions ofTurkish airport safety. Secondly, airport safety perceptions by some other consumer characteristics such asdemographics, flight characteristics, fairness perception and satisfaction from airport services were tried to berevealed.The research had a between-groups comparison design of data obtained in a one time measurement of the field.The predictions were tested in a sample of 911 Turkish and, 595 European passengers in Turkish airports. Datacollecting method used in the study was 7-point Likert type self-report questionnaire filled by the respondents onvoluntary basis in a categorical and random sampling. Independent sample t-tests, one-way Analysis of VarianceANOVA were used to reveal group differences in safety perceptions by nationalities and some other consumer characteristics.Significant differences among nationalities were found regarding safety perceptions. Meaningful differenceswere found by flight frequency, fairness perception and satisfaction degree from the services at airport. Studygains importance as being of the first time investigation of the differences between European and Turkishpassengers about Turkish airports regarding safety perception.

Nuriye Güres

2011-04-01

353

The measurement of regional inequalitive opportunity for Turkish middle school between dynastic period to republic period with Atkinson approach  

OpenAIRE

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate level of social utility from teachers to the students in middle schools in Turkey for Dynastic period to republic period. Material and Method: In the study, the Atkinson indices were used to calculate between 1897 and 1997. The data were depended on web site of Turkish Statistical Institute and the first statistical yearbook in Ottoman Empire. Results: The indices have found that there are inter - regional inequalitive distributi...

Murat Çiftçi; Recep Seymen

2012-01-01

354

An evaluation of teaching methods and materials used in geography teaching in Turkish Higher Education regarding a number of variables  

OpenAIRE

This study has focused on the status of geography teaching in Turkish Higher Education. In this manner, the aim of the study is to stipulate teaching methods and materials being used by academics and to evaluate the factors effecting the choice of these methods and materials. The scope of study included 23 departments, 16 of which were geography and 7 of which were geography teaching departments from 21 universities in Turkey. Surveys have been applied both for students and the academic staff...

Okan Ya?ar; Mehmet ?eremet

2010-01-01

355

Adaptation of Epistemological Beliefs Questionna?re in Turkish and Investigation of Pre-Service Teachers’ Beliefs  

OpenAIRE

The main purpose of this research is to adapt an instrument that will help to determine pre-service teachers’ beliefs into Turkish. In the study, pre-service teachers’ epistemological beliefs, relationships among these beliefs, and whether epistemological beliefs differ based on gender, department they study, class levels. The study group included a total of 341 students from Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Faculty of Education and Institute of Social Sciences. For the validity of the ...

Aypay, Ays?e

2011-01-01

356

Türkçe Ö?retmeni Adaylar?n?n Yazma E?itimi Dersine Yönelik Tutumlar?n?n De?erlendirilmesi
Turkish Teachers Attitudes Towards The Evaluation Of Writing Training Course
 

OpenAIRE

The development of writing skills, of any information, opinion, andensure the permanence of an important communication tool toestablish communication between the generations. Language ability isusually obtained in writing skills through formal training. Therefore,students gain the ability to write, to write the basic responsibility ofinterest and requests the creation of teachers, especially Turkishteachers rights reserved. Turkish teachers, students acquire the writingexperiences, encourage ...

Ceran, Dilek

2013-01-01

357

A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE XIVTH-XVTH CENTURY OLDEN ANATOLIAN TURKISH TURKISH MEDICAL LITERATURE IN TERMS OF TURKISH LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
ESK? ANADOLU TÜRKÇES? TÜRKÇE TIP YAZMALARINA ELE?T?REL B?R BAKI?
 

OpenAIRE

Turks were severally influenced by the Islamic Medical Literature of Middle-Age and had begun to use this knowledge from the beginning of the Tenth Century. Consequently, Turks had written many medical books using olden Turkish during the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries. Each of these books had exclusive value and importance on Turkish Language and culture. Additionally, these books were one of the most crucial sources of Turkish Language and culture. These Turkish medical books not only i...

Gu?ven, Meric?

2011-01-01

358

Measurement and assessment for science education in the Turkish educational context: Problems and reflections  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Research on teaching and learning supports the movement toward new assessment approaches. Educational assessment has an important effect on learners' growth, achievement and self-esteem. International literature includes a series of conceptual models that introduce the means and importance of student assessment from different perspectives. In this article, first we examined these new trends and focused on some new assessment methods in science education and then looked at the Turkish context based on the discussed criteria for science assessment. Then we analyzed some thoughts about the future of science assessment.

Mehmet KÜÇÜK

2004-12-01

359

Historical approach to Turkish folk and classical music  

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Full Text Available Turkish Classical Music, especially with the success at the Ottoman period, is a music of a civilization. It became a common language in all geographies and people that Turks made contacts with in various ways. Turkish civilization does not deny what she learned from Persians and Arabs, but she managed to use them to improve herself and developing better by adding the information to herself. This shows her power of creating civilization. One of the main signs of this three-continent-spread culture is of course Turkish Classical Music. ?t is seen that collective awareness and mind which forms Turkish Classical Music, first recovered the common points, coming from the roots, between Turkish “boy” clans then considered the musical specialities of other societies that share same climate, geography, or some cultural values with Turks. In this manner, the music developed, came to the point that we say “classic”, in which societies and nations found themselves within, by climbing over the identity of being a particular group’s or society’s music. This study is directed towards to recover the main components which gives Turkish Classical Music its character in the process of development by looking beyond the history. In this point the relationship between Turkish Classical and Folk Music is presented.The main path to Muslim Turkishness in the art and political area – Oguz Turkishness is emphasized and their understanding and behaviour before and after Islam is discussed from the music side. Second mainland of Turks, Anatolia is again discussed under another title by the means of Seljuks, Anatolian Seljuks and Beyliks periods; reflections of Oguz “bey” understanding in music is told. The effects of the sufi understanding which came to Anatolia over Horasan on music and the Anatolian Turkishness’ role over sufi understanding is considered, Ahi organization which is said to be a semi religious foundation of Turkish style mentioned by the means of music.The most natural tones of understanding and practises of deciding Turkish Classical Music’s Turkishness could have been existed by modelings and integrations on the example of Folk Music. On the other side we see Folk Music taking the things which is integrated from her as a model so it is seen that this process is working with an enlarging, developing and transferring continuation.

Fatma Adile Baser

2006-08-01

360

TURKISH SHEPHERD DOG KANGAL IN SIVAS FOLKLORE  

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Full Text Available As one of animals to which are approached with great sympathy by Turkishpeople, Kangal dogs are among the animals accepted sacred in Turkish folklore.Kangals as shepherd dogs were brought into Anatolia along with herds owned byOghuz clans the traditional livelihood of which depends on sheep herds. Being theoldest and most common race of natural shepherd dog, Turkish shepherd dog,Kangal, has survived with all characteristics of it mostly thanks to the matchlessprotection of local people of the town Kangal.Throughout the study, the main objective is to determine the folkloricknowledge related with Kangal raising within folklore of Sivas and to make somecontribution to Turkish world of culture.The research material has consisted of folkloric knowledge obtained between9th April-10th July, 2012 with “information review forms” applied to peopleassociated with folkloric veterinary medicine and animal husbandry in Sivas (e.g.medicine practitioners, animal owners, other resource persons, etc.In the study, it has been determined that raisers in Sivas folklore classify theKangals according to general racial characteristics, color of their pelt and tails ofthem. They are grouped as “kurtçul”, “saf”, “k?rma”; and “alas?-boz”, “karayaka”,“sar? yaka”, “boz yaka”, “k?ll?”, “k?rç?l”; and “k?l?ç kuyruk”, “kuyru?u e?ri”, “k?vrakkuyruk”, based on racial characteristics, color of pelt and tails respectively. Also, ithas been gathered significant data on diseases and treatments on Kangals, generalracial standards (structure of the body, head and skull, etc., care and nutrition,estrus, delivery information, wolf choking incident, ear cut, stories, beliefs andidioms.Consequently, it can be suggested that one of reasons why Kangals havemanaged to keep its generation must be original stories and beliefs in Sivas, whichcover the Kangal`s wolf choke, intelligence, courage and loyalty; that lack ofknowledge and mistakes in folkloric veterinary medicine and breeding applicationsbe eliminated in animal rights and welfare terms.

A?k?n YA?AR

2013-08-01

361

Achievement motivation and academic performance among Turkish early and young adolescents in The Netherlands.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors conducted 3 studies in which Turkish and other adolescents in the Netherlands completed questionnaires that addressed the importance of collectivist cultural values for achievement motivation and educational outcomes. Compared with other minority group students and Dutch students, the Turkish students had stronger family-oriented achievement motivation. In addition, only among the Turks was ethnic identification positively related to family motivation. Furthermore, there were no differences in individual achievement motivation between the Turks and Dutch, and only among the former group was a combination of family motivation and individual motivation found. Also, for the Turks, family motivation was positively related to task-goal orientation, which mediated the relationship between family motivation and academic performance. Individual motivation was an independent predictor of performance. For the other ethnic minority groups and the Dutch, family motivation was not related to task-goal orientation and performance. In addition, for these groups, task-goal orientation mediated the relationship between individual achievement motivation and performance. PMID:11942649

Verkuyten, M; Thijs, J; Canatan, K

2001-11-01

362

Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis: review of Turkish reports.  

Science.gov (United States)

Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare disorder, only 173 cases having been reported worldwide. Fifty two cases from Turkey are reported, 49 of which have previously been described only in Turkish publications. The mean age of the patients was 27 (SD 12) years, 34 were male, and 10 were symptomless. In 40 of the 52 cases diagnosis was confirmed histopathologically. Nineteen cases were diagnosed in siblings. This high rate suggests that pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a familial disease, which, though rare, is for unknown reasons most common in Turkey. Images PMID:8493634

Ucan, E S; Keyf, A I; Aydilek, R; Yalcin, Z; Sebit, S; Kudu, M; Ok, U

1993-01-01

363

Bone Mineral Density in Healthy Turkish Women  

OpenAIRE

Most DXA (dual-energy x-ray absorbtiometry) manufacturers are not able to provide specific reference values for their equipment yet. The mean bone mineral density can vary among different populations.The aim of this study was to identify local reference values from a group of Turkish women living in Istanbul, in order to compare with the results obtained from other countries. We measured BMD at the lumbar spine, proximal femur, forearm, and total body in 205 healthy women between ages 20?79....

Paker N; Erbil M; Otlu Z; Soy D; Uysal E

2005-01-01

364

PIXE analysis of gallstones from Turkish patients  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The trace element analysis of gallstone samples removed by cholecystectomy from 100 Turkish patients has been done by using protons at 23.5 MeV and the PIXE method. Ca, Fe, Mn, K, Cl, Br, Cu and Zn elements were observed in the samples in varying concentrations related to the types of the gallstone. Elemental concentrations of the gall stones for these elements were determined. Rb was used as the internal reference. Ca concentration is the highest and it is followed by Fe, Mn.

Okumusoglu, Nazmi T. [Department of Physics, Rize Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, Rize (Turkey)]. E-mail: nazmituran@superonline.com; Korkmaz, Filiz [Department of Physics, Rize Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, Rize (Turkey); Birchall, Jim [Cyclotron Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 (Canada)

2006-06-23

365

PIXE analysis of gallstones from Turkish patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The trace element analysis of gallstone samples removed by cholecystectomy from 100 Turkish patients has been done by using protons at 23.5 MeV and the PIXE method. Ca, Fe, Mn, K, Cl, Br, Cu and Zn elements were observed in the samples in varying concentrations related to the types of the gallstone. Elemental concentrations of the gall stones for these elements were determined. Rb was used as the internal reference. Ca concentration is the highest and it is followed by Fe, Mn

366

PIXE analysis of gallstones from Turkish patients  

Science.gov (United States)

The trace element analysis of gallstone samples removed by cholecystectomy from 100 Turkish patients has been done by using protons at 23.5 MeV and the PIXE method. Ca, Fe, Mn, K, Cl, Br, Cu and Zn elements were observed in the samples in varying concentrations related to the types of the gallstone. Elemental concentrations of the gall stones for these elements were determined. Rb was used as the internal reference. Ca concentration is the highest and it is followed by Fe, Mn.

Okumu?o?lu, Nazmi T.; Korkmaz, Filiz; Birchall, Jim

2006-06-01

367

THE GREAT SILK ROAD AND TURKISH WORLD  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The expression of the great Silk Road first came from the famouse Chinese traveler Çjan Syan before the BC and is now known as Kervan Road. Later, this expression gained a new meaning between Asia, the Mediterranean and the European countries.An estimated of 20 000 km of total length of the Great Silk Road passed the Turkish peoples settled lands. The Silk Road that was considered as the Jugularvein major trade route that was connecting China and Byzantium was in Turks hands.

Mustafa ÖZDEM?R

2011-04-01

368

The relationship with self rated health status and the overall quality of dietary intake of Turkish females; Healthy Eating Index Study  

OpenAIRE

Aim: Our objectives were to assess the relationship between HEI (Healthy Eating Index) scores – indicators of diet quality and healthy food intake patterns –daily nutrient intake -self rated health status and anthropometric measurements. Materials and Methods: The participants were 566 randomly selected Turkish healthy female university students aged 17-32 years. Results: The mean score of HEI was 66.8±11.26 in female university students. 80.2, 11.7 and 8.1% of females diets were categor...

Yasemin Akdevelioglu; Hüseyin Gümüs

2011-01-01

369

Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations  

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Full Text Available Objectives: The psychometric instruments used in coping research have long been criticised because of their various flaws. The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS is a promising measure with its sound psychometric properties. The current investigation aimed at evaluating the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the CISS in a large group of college students.Methods: The sample consisted of 729 undergraduates - 492 females (67.49% and 237 males (32.51%, - average age: 20.11 (SD±2.55 years -. The CISS, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS, Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS, and the COPE Inventory were administered. Item statistics, confirmatory factor analysis, internal consistency coefficients, 15-day test-retest reliability, and Pearson’s correlation coefficients between psychological variables were computed.Major depression was excluded.Results: The confirmatory factor analyses revealed that both three- and four-factor structures of the CISS were valid for the data collected from the Turkish college students. The subscales demonstrated good internal consistency and temporal stability. The correlations of the CISS subscales with positive and negative affect, satisfaction with life, and the COPE subscales ranged from mediocre to high. Significant associations of CISS subscales with other psychological variables which were consistent with the previous theoretical considerations pertaining to coping research extended empirical support for the construct validity of the measure. Discussion: Using three-factor structure seems to be more applicable for research purposes. The Turkish version of the CISS has adequate validity and reliability. The results indicated that the CISS has sound psychometric properties.(Arc­hi­ves of Neu­ropsy­chi­atry 2012; 49: 196-202

Murat Boysan

2012-09-01

370

Turkish counselor educators’ opinions about counselor candidates’ dispositions  

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Full Text Available Counselor candidates are assessed though homework, exams, projects and thesis during their education. On the other hand, there are some discussions about assessments of their dispositions besides their academic achievement. Even though here is no consensus about what these characteristics are, openness, self-awareness, honesty can be given as an example. The purpose of this study is three­fold: a to describe what Turkish counselor educators think about which dispositions counselor candidates should have, b how these dispositions can be developed or enriched and c how they can be assessed. Researchers developed a questionnaire with five open ended questions and it was sent to 48 counselor educators via email, 34 of them from 23 universities (three of them were private sent their feedback, so return rate was 71%. The findings were analyzed by using descriptive statistics such as frequencies. According to findings, counselor educators mainly revealed that honesty, being open for communication, empathetic understanding, self-awareness, being flexible and helpful are fundamental dispositions. According to counselor educators these dispositions can be developed by increasing the number of practicum courses, adding counseling supervision courses and practices to education program, being a role model as counselor educators. Counselor educators suggested that dispositions can be assessed by evaluating students’ performance during practicum courses, using test and non-test assessment techniques, observing them and interviewing. Results were discussed in light of current literature.

Fidan Korkut Owen

2014-05-01

371

Investigation of Turkish marbles as shielding materials  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The natural Turkish marbles, especially Usak Green (UG), Aegean Purple (AP), and Marmara White (MW) were tested as shielding materials using standard gamma sources such as Co-60, Cs-137 and Eu-152. The experiment showed that UG, AP and MW are very effective shields against gamma-rays. The result for this experiment is that the gamma-ray attenuation coefficients of UG, AP and MW are almost equal for the energy range from 0.1 MeV to 1.4 MeV. Also, the elemental compositions of the natural UG, AP and MW marbles have been determined by fast and thermal neutron activation analysis and fourteen elements including Na, Mg, Al, Si, Cl, K, Ca, V, Ti, Mn, Fe, La, Ba and Sc have been found using the gamma spectroscopic method. The range of element contents of all Turkish marbles are remarkably different, but most of the elements are common such as Ca, Fe, Na, Cl, Mg, Si. (orig.)

372

Political Cartoons in 1946 Turkish Elections  

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Full Text Available 1946 elections retain a different part and significance by many aspects. Certainly, 1946 elections were not the only significant election in Turkish political history. However, 1946 elections indicate a crossroad, a milestone. 1946 elections express an important stage in Turkish political history as of transition stages from Selçuklu to principalities, from principalities to Ottoman State, from Ottoman State to Republic. Therefore it is one of the most important exchanges.Transition to multiparty system can be considered not with 1946 elections, but with the establishment of National Development Party (MKP. As a matter of fact, two distinct parties were established between 1923 and 1944; both of them were suppressed by the moderation of the council of ministers (Tuncer, 2003. On the other hand, the first party in the multiparty system period is the National Development Party, established on July 18, 1945 (MKP. As for Democrat Party (DP, it was established on January 7, 1946 following MKP (Tuncer, 2003.The significant part of 1946 elections with regards to this study of ours is that, it must be rather hard to decide electing the party to govern the country, for a mass, which was unaware of even imagining what the authority of electing one out of multiple until that day. At this point the role of mass media had been extensive in addition to messages received directly and via threshold level through face to face communication.

Baki Can

2011-07-01

373

MILESTONES IN HISTORY TURKISH LEXICOGRAPHY: [BÜYÜK] TÜRK LÜGAT?
TARIHÎ TÜRK SÖZLÜKÇÜLÜ?ÜNDE DÖNÜM NOKTASI: [BÜYÜK] TÜRK LÜGAT?
 

OpenAIRE

“[Büyük] Türk Lügati” (The Great Turkish Dictionary), formed by four covers, which is written by Hüseyin Kâz?m Kadri in the result of long, continual and tiresome efforts, with a rough classificaition, comprises two main branches of Turkish language: Western Turkish and Eastern Turkish. The dictionary that is mostly supported by literary examples, is the whole dictionary of Turkish polishes and accents (Uigur, Chagatay, Azeri, Khazakh, Yakhut, Chuvash Turkish, etc) connected with T...

O?bek, Ali I?hsan

2009-01-01

374

THE TRACES OF AZERBAIJAN TURKISH ON FUZÛLÎ
AZERBAYCAN TÜRKÇES?N?N FUZÛLΒDEK? ?ZLER?
 

OpenAIRE

Azerbaijan Turkish has become different from Ottoman Turkish as a result of political, geographical reasons since XVI. century and it has reached up to now as a standardized written language. Some affixes in today’s Azerbayijan Turkish have no usage in Otoman Turkish that has been developed by “common dialect resource” of Old Turkiye Turkish; but these have been standardized in Azerbaijan Turkish that has also been developed by the same resource. Today, it has been confirmed that these...

Karatas?, Mustafa

2010-01-01

375

A Study of Turkish Chemistry Undergraduates' Understandings of Entropy  

Science.gov (United States)

Entropy is that fundamental concept of chemical thermodynamics, which explains the natural tendency of matter and energy in the Universe. The analysis presents the description of entropy, as understood by the Turkish chemistry undergraduates.

Sozbilir, Mustafa; Bennett, Judith M.

2007-01-01

376

Predoctoral prosthodontic curricula on removable partial dentures: survey of Turkish dental schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was conducted to evaluate the predoctoral removable partial denture (RPD) curricula in Turkish dental schools in regards to materials, techniques, and approaches. A questionnaire consisting of eighteen multiple-choice questions was sent by e-mail to the senior members of the prosthodontic departments of seventeen long-established dental schools in Turkey. The response rate was 100 percent. All schools (100 percent) used custom trays for making final impressions of partially dentate arches, taught border molding of the custom tray for the edentulous areas, used modeling plastic impression compound in border molding the final impression trays, and used base metal alloys for RPD frameworks. None of the schools had an in-house laboratory that fabricates RPD frameworks, and none of the students cast the frameworks of their own RPDs. The majority of schools used irreversible hydrocolloid as a final impression (70.6 percent) and dental surveyor (76.5 percent) in the designing of RPDs. The majority of schools did not flask their own RPDs (64.7 percent), did not treat patients using RPDs with attachments (76.5 percent), and did not perform the altered cast technique in bilateral and unilateral distal extension RPD cases (76.5 percent). Six teen schools (94.1 percent) had a minimum number of RPD arches that a student must complete in order to graduate. It was found that predoctoral RPD curricula in Turkish dental schools were both variable and similar. PMID:23314471

Dikbas, Idil; Ozkurt, Zeynep; Kazazoglu, Ender

2013-01-01

377

The Eveluation of 2005 Turkish Literature Course Teaching Pogramme: Eski?ehir Sample  

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Full Text Available This research was conducted to determine the application problems of 2005 Turkish literature courses 9th class education programme prepared according to text based classification in the aspect of constructivist approach and to define teachers? views and suggestions for this subject.In the 2007-2008 education year, school type, occupation seniority and graduation variables were used in the questionnaire which was applied to 180 Turkish Language and Liteature teachers working in several types of high schools in Eski?ehir. The data were interpreted according to chi-square test and rank point was used where chi-square test was not applied. The teachers pointed out that they were not informed about new education programme adequately found the text based classification useful in aspect of teaching writing. However, they thought that the program was above student?s spiritual, language level in an academic depth and comprehensive frame. All of teachers needed a literature guide book showing new methods.

Sevim Nilay I?IKSALAN

2011-04-01

378

Türk Sözlükbiliminin Problemleri
The Problems Of Turkish Lexicography
 

OpenAIRE

The author analyzes the problems of Turkish lexicography undertwo topics; language’s own problems and problems which appear inlexicography. He discourses broadly about the first problem. Heexamines this problem under six subtitle.The author write a long introduction before analyze the language’sown problems. In this part; he indicates that dictionary writer shouldmake some principle decisions before starting his work. And than heexplains Turkish term and shortly summarizes adventure of Tu...

Andreas Tietze; Boz, C?eviren -erdog?an

2012-01-01

379

Turkish Presidential Elections TRT Publicity Speech Facial Expression Analysis  

OpenAIRE

In this paper, facial expressions of the three Turkish presidential candidates Demirtas, Erdogan and Ihsanoglu (in alphabetical order) are analyzed during the publicity speeches featured at TRT (Turkish Radio and Television) on 03.08.2014. FaceReader is used for the analysis where 3D modeling of the face is achieved using the active appearance models (AAM). Over 500 landmark points are tracked and analyzed for obtaining the facial expressions during the whole speech. All sou...

Tasli, H. Emrah; Ivan, Paul

2014-01-01

380

Survey of the Residue Situation in Turkish Organic Products  

OpenAIRE

Since December 2011, ETO and FiBL are jointly implementing the German-Turkish Bilateral Cooperation Project Organic Agriculture. The aim of this project is to ensure and improve the quality of Turkish organic food produced for the European market. The focus of the Project is on the avoidance of unwanted residues such as pesticide contamination. The production chains for dried apricots, sultanas and hazelnuts were investigated in greater depth, and measures were developed for quality improveme...

Speiser, Bernhard; Ertem, Sena; Ru?egg, Elisabeth; Huber, Beate

2013-01-01

381

Nanotechnology Awareness, Opinions and Risk Perceptions among Middle School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigates awareness, factual knowledge, opinions, and risk perceptions of students from Turkish middle schools with regard to nanotechnology in a very general sense. The study was carried out among 1,396 middle school 6th, 7th, and 8th grade students. The students' perceptions of and opinions about nanotechnology were…

Sahin, Nurettin; Ekli, Emel

2013-01-01

382

Sources of Foreign Language Student Teacher Anxiety: A Qualitative Inquiry  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aimed to find out the sources of foreign language student teacher anxiety experienced by Turkish EFL student teachers throughout the teaching practicum using qualitative data collection tools. 150 student teachers completing their teaching practicum as part of their graduation requirement at Anadolu University Faculty of Education…

Merc, Ali

2011-01-01

383

Career Development of Upper Primary School Students in Turkey  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this exploratory-descriptive study was to determine the career development of upper primary school students in Turkey. The Revised Career Awareness Survey (RCAS) was completed by 644 Turkish upper primary school students. Results indicated that the students were able to associate their own personal characteristics with particular…

Nazli, Serap

2014-01-01

384

Geographical motifs in Turkish folk music lexicon and similarity analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Turkish folk music, as the name implies, is music that comes from the people and it is a kind of music that defines and tells the people. It is significantly affected by the physical and human features of the region where it is said. Turkey which is located on Anatolia that hosts many civilizations through history has rich folk music culture. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of geography in shaping Turkish folk music and to specify Turkish folk music regions. For this purpose, 4440 Turkish folk music works which are hold in TRT repertoire are scanned and the geographic words in these works are classified according to provinces. According to these selected words, similarity levels of the provinces are identified. Hierarchical clustering analysis is applied to determine the similarity levels of the provinces. Similarity distance between provinces is calculated with the hierarchical cluster analysis. As a result of this analysis, the works of Turkish folk music influenced by geographical features and there are some similarities and interactions between localities and the regions. According to geographic vocabulary similarities used in the works of Turkish folk music, Turkey is divided into six regions, namely Western Anatolia, Central Anatolia, East Anatolia, Middle East Anatolia, Southeast Anatolia and the Black Sea region.

Mehmet ?ahin

2012-11-01

385

Turkish Teachers’ Practices of Assessment for Learning in the English as a Foreign Language Classroom  

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Full Text Available Recently there has been a noticeable paradigm shift in educational assessment where assessment and student learning are viewed as inseparable and assessment is perceived as a tool for supporting student learning. This study was designed to investigate Turkish teachers’ preferences of common assessment methods in the English as a foreign language (EFL classroom, their Assessment for Learning (AFL practices, and determine whether they differed in their AFL practices according to some variables such as years of teaching experience, gender, and public vs. private school context. 120 EFL teachers completed the online self-report Assessment for Learning Questionnaire for Teachers (TAFL-Q consisting of 28 statements on a 5-point (ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree Likert scale (? = .92. The findings revealed that most Turkish EFL teachers rely on conventional methods of assessment rather than formative assessment processes. While they generally reported high levels of perceived monitoring (82.86% and scaffolding practices (86.94% of AFL, they had significant differences in their assessments, especially monitoring in support of student learning, according to years of teaching experience, gender, and private vs. public schools variables (p<0.05. To practice AFL, teachers need to appraise their current assessment practices and develop AFL strategies and feedback procedures. Their perceptions of AFL cannot change overnight, nor do they can do it individually and independently. They need support from different sources to recognize the effect of their previous perspectives on their practices and weigh them against the insights offered by the new assessment culture. Through self-report and observational data from both teachers and students to get better insights into monitoring and scaffolding practices, further research could be conducted to explore probable mismatches between teacher and student perceptions of AFL in EFL classrooms.

Hüseyin Öz

2014-07-01

386

Stuttering types in Turkish schoolaged children  

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Full Text Available Aim: Stuttering types in 8-12 years old Turkish children who stutter were evaluated.Material and Method: Patients having speech disorders who applied to Hacettepe University Audiology and Speech Pathology Department were evaluated. Fifteen stutterers who had the criteria for diagnosis of stuttering were included in the study. Results: Mean age of the patients were 8.3 years, and of the 15 patients 13 (86.7% were males and 2 (13.3% were females. Stuttering types in patients were 89.7% within-words and 11.3% were between words. Within-words stuttering types were significantly higher than between words stuttering types (p=0.001.Conclusions: Dysfluencies beginning in the preschool period, without any intervention turn to be stuttering during the schoolage period. Therefore, early intervention strategies and sharing of those strategies with families are important to prevent stuttering. (Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45: 141-3

Mavi? Emel Kulak Kay?kç?

2010-05-01

387

Factors that motivate Turkish EFL teachers  

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Full Text Available Teachers’ motivation has been an extensive topic of discussion among researchers for over two decades. What has been missing in the discussion, though, is the perspective of those who teach English as a Foreign Language (EFL, especially those who work in Turkey. Therefore, the purpose of this case study was to investigate factors that motivated Turkish EFL teachers working at a Preparatory English Program of a university in Turkey and ways to enhance their motivation. Eight teachers took part in the study. To collect data, unstructured interviews were used. Then, codes were written and themes on teachers’ motivation and demotivation, and ways to motivate teachers emerged. The results can be understood by looking at expectancy theory, more specifically on the focus of the theory: intrinsic (personal and extrinsic (environmental motives. The analysis of what the teachers believed to be their source of motivation and demotivation helped the researcher to propose ways to enhance their motivation.

Erkaya, Odiléa Rocha

2013-01-01

388

Estimation of Turkish road transport emissions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Using the COPERT III program, an inventory of Turkish road transport emissions was calculated and the contributions of road transport to global and local air pollutant emissions were examined for the year 2004. It was observed that passenger cars are the main source of CO, HC, and Pb emissions while heavy duty vehicles are mainly responsible for NO x , particulate matter (PM), and SO2 emissions. Taking the emissions for the year 2004 as the baseline, a parametric study was conducted to determine the emission reduction potentials of different road transport strategies. The results indicated that the following road transport strategies; fleet renewal, promotion of public transportation, and faster urban traffic speed are very effective strategies for reducing regulated emissions and fuel consumption (FC) from a technical point of view. It was also noted that replacement of two-stroke motorcycles with four-stroke motorcycles is as effective as fleet renewal in reducing HC emissions

389

Climate Change Impacts on Turkish Vegetation  

Science.gov (United States)

The Mediterranean has been identified as a potentially vulnerable hotspot under climate change. In Turkey, climate change projections consistently predict large temperature rises over the 21st century. With 9% of GDP and 25% of employment coming from agriculture, climate change has the potential to significantly affect both the Turkish economy and living standards. Relatively little work has been undertaken to estimate the effects and risks of climate change in Turkey, and many European studies cover do not include the whole of Turkey in their domain and so are of limited use for policy-makers. The Dynamic Global Vegetation Model LPJ-GUESS was parametrised to represent Turkish vegetation. Climate forcings were derived by interpolating meteorological data from over 600 stations from 1975-2010 to a 1km resolution. Soil depth and soil texture data from field measurements were also interpolated to a 1km grid. The model was benchmarked against vegetation type and remotely sensed biomass and tree cover data. Future climate conditions were calculated using the outputs from a set of regional model simulations. In particular the HadRM3P regional climate model was used to downscale five members of a perturbed physics ensemble of global climate projections obtained using HadCM3 general circulation model and the SRES A1B scenario. A delta change factor approach was then used in conjunction with the observed climate data to assess the impact on vegetation structure and ecological processes to the year 2100 using LPJ-GUESS. The resulting changes to productivity, vegetation structure and hydrology are discussed. Eventually these results will be combined with complementary studies concerning wildfire and erosion to produce a risk map for informing policy-makers.

Forrest, Matthew; Dönmez, Cenk; Çilek, Ahmet; Akif Erdogan, Mehmet; Buontempo, Carlo; Hickler, Thomas

2014-05-01

390

Türkiye’deki Üniversitelerin Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. S?n?f Ö?rencilerinin Türkoloji Kavram?na ?li?kin Alg?lar?
Perception Of The Turkology Concept Among Fourth Grade Students Of The Departments Of Turkish Language And Literature In The Un?versities In Turkey
 

OpenAIRE

The Turkology, having been developed from the point of view ofEast, Islam and linguistic researches in the Europe of the 19 thcentury, has been, in the present, a science which searches whateverexists related to The Turks. Since the Turkologists, particularly in theearly periods, have been concentrated on linguistic researches andutilized the point of view and methods of it, the Turkology has only beenconceptually identified with the Turkish Language. The Turkology, asthe effect of these stud...

Yavuz, Serdar; Akkaya, Ahmet; Bayrak, O?zcan

2013-01-01

391

?lkö?retim 5. S?n?f Türkçe Ders Kitab?ndaki Deyim Varl???n?n Ö?rencilerin Al?c? Söz Varl???na Katk?s?
The Effect of Idioms in Primary Education 5. Grade Turkish Course Book on Students Receptive Vocabulary
 

OpenAIRE

The mother tongue is the first acquired language by individuals infamily and the society they born. While the family and inner circle areeffective in teaching mother tongue until the school age, by the way ofeducational institutions this teaching becomes more systematic.In Turkey primary schools are the leading institutions undertakesmother tongue teaching. These schools try to teach word attack skillsby predetermined programs and course books. According to PrimaryEducation Turkish program by...

Mangir, Mediha

2012-01-01

392

INSTEAD OF TEACHING THE TEXT LEARNING WITH TEXT IN TEACHING TURKISH  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In our world, from 1900s to the present, much kind of approaches and methods have been applied on language teaching. These approaches are traditional, behavioral, constructive and cognitive as the main parts. The traditional approach which is the oldest approach in the language teaching covers the teaching of rules of the grammer, literature, proverbs and liberal education.The language has been teached as the other behaviors, like repetation, imitation, memorizing and classical conditioning as the stimulation-reaction in behavioral approach. These thoughts had start to been changed in 1950s and the thought that is the “language is the for the communicating” had start to spred. Then the studies containing communication and the usage of the language in daily life have been done. Nowadays with the constructive approach, the thought that is “language is the social communication tool” has been supported.The developing of mental, emotional, and social skills have been handled and teaching of language has been done with the many kind of activities,duties and projects. In our country, important developments have been done during the last years parallel to the world. A new Turkish Programme with the constructive approach has been prepared by leaving the behavioral approach. Education approaches such as constructive approach, multiples intellect, student-centered learning, inter-disciplinary approach, etc. are taken as basis in new 2004 Turkish Education Programme. In this way, new Turkish Programme contains developing skills such as mental, emotional, and social and language teaching is being done with the many kind of activities,duties and projects.

Firdevs GÜNE?

2013-01-01

393

False Equivalents in Turkmen Turkish / Türkmen Türkçesinde Yalanc? E?de?erler  

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Full Text Available False equivalents are ones of the subject which is studied mostly among works prepared in Turkish dialects area. It is generally said by false equivalents term that a word in two diffirent dialects of a language is same as origin, writing and pronunciation but is different as mean. In this study, independent language signs of same or different origin which confuse resarcher or student when it is given thought accourding to Turkish in Turkey is worked to ascertain. In the study, false equivalents are analysed with a different classification as taking account of phonological features belong to Turkmen Turkish. Türk lehçeleri alan?nda yap?lan çal??malar aras?nda en çok i?lenen konulardan biri de “yalanc? e?de?erler” konusudur. Bu konuda yap?lan çal??malar?n neredeyse tamam?nda yalanc? e?de?er terimiyle genel olarak bir dilin iki ayr? lehçesinde yer alan bir kelimenin köken, yaz?l?? ve söyleni?lerinin ayn?, anlamlar?n?n ayr? oldu?u durumlar anlat?lmaktad?r. Bu çal??mada ise Türkiye Türkçesi penceresinden Türkmen Türkçesine bakarken ara?t?rmac?y? ya da ö?renciyi yan?ltan ayn? ya da farkl? kökene sahip ba??ms?z dil göstergeleri tespit edilmeye çal???lm??t?r. Çal??mada yalanc? e?de?er yap?lar, Türkmen Türkçesinin ses bilgisi özellikleri de göz önüne al?narak di?er çal??malardan farkl? bir s?n?fland?rmayla incelenmi?tir.

Tuna BE?EN DEL?CE

2013-12-01

394

ATTITUDE SCALE FOR EDUCATIONAL GAMES THAT PLAYED IN TURKISH LESSON: STUDY OF VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to develop a “Valid and Reliable Educational Games Attitude Scale” which can be used to identify the attitudes of primary school students to educational games at Turkish lesson. In the development of the draft scale, initial items are prepared in terms of an expert’s opinions. In the 5 likerts typical scale was administered to 339 primary school students at 4 primary schools in Erzurum. Factor analysis was conducted in order to determine the construct validity and the Cronbach Alpha, total internal reliability coefficient, of the scale was calculated as 0,86. Results show that the scale has 3 factors, and its items, in terms of total item correlation, changed between 0,45 and 0,70.

Behice VARI?O?LU

2013-01-01

395

Boundaries of Cultural Diplomacy: The International Representation of Turkish Culture and Art  

OpenAIRE

The study that I introduce below was represented under the title of identity and cultural studies focused on the dynamics of restructured cultural policy after 1980s. For promoting Turkish culture and art in international exhibitions, Turkish Ministry of Cultural Affairs and Tourism organized international activities such as Turkish years or seasons, and festivals. This study clarifies how and which ways Turkish culture and art are represented in the last thirty years. In addition to, analyzi...

?eyda Barlas Bozku?

2011-01-01

396

CHANGES IN TURKISH SYLLABLE STRUCTURE
TÜRK HECE YAPISINDAK? DE???MELER
 

OpenAIRE

The creation of meaningful structure of sound created with a combination of the structure is called a syllable, and a limited number of these structures in Turkish and in the process occurred a long time. In this study, the adaptability of the syllable structures that begin with double consonants, which are transmitted to Turkish from other languages and which are supposed to have completed to become part of the Turkish language process, to Turkish syllable-structure is searched. From this re...

Benzer, Ahmet

2010-01-01

397

TEACHING OF LINGUISTICS AND TURKISH IN THEPROCESS OF EDUCATION OF THE TEACHERS OF TURKISH AND TURKISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURETÜRK D?L? EDEB?YATI VE TÜRKÇE Ö?RETMENLER?N?N YET?ST?R?LMES? SÜREC?NDE D?LB?L?M VE TÜRKÇE Ö?RET?M?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Language has been considered as an object oflinguistics since the beginning of the 20th century. It isan obligation to organize all processes includingeducation philosophy in the light of scientific andtechnological developments in order that the education ofTurkish and Turkish Language and Literature can keeppace with this development. The field that the educationof language and literature should depend on is previouslylinguistics. Nowadays, studies on lingustics have tendedto application and have had a purpose in order todevelop theories which make easier the language learningand teaching. Lacking of this discipline in the educationof Turkish and Turkish Language and Literature willlead to continue the situation which is always a matterof complaint.Teachers of Turkish are expected to constitute asense of language in their students’ perception and toguide them not only for their acquisation of positiveattitudes and behaviors towards language and also fortheir acquisation of reading habit and ability to be able tothink and express their ideas both in written and oralforms. It is difficult to meet expectations for the teacherswho can’t acquire that kind of information and skills intheir education processes. Due to this situation, theeducation of Turkish and Turkish Language andLiterature should be in an applied form and be fullfilled in the light of scientific perspective aiming at tointerrogate information while composing it.In the study, scientific perspectives consideredthat teachers of Turkish and Turkish Language andLiterature have to acquire during their educationprocesses will be tried to be compared with traditionalperspectives and illustrated. Dil, 20. yüzy?l?n bas?ndan beri bilimin bir nesnesiolarak kabul edilmektedir. Türkçe ve Türk Dili Edebiyat?e?itiminin bu gelismeye ayak uydurabilmesi için e?itimfelsefesinden baslayarak bütün süreçlerin bilimsel veteknolojik gelismelerin ?s???nda düzenlenmesi birzorunluluktur. Dil ve edebiyat e?itiminin dayanmas?gereken alan, öncelikle dil bilimidir. Dil bilimçal?smalar?n?n uygulamaya yöneldi?i ve öncelikle dillerinö?renilmesini ve ö?retilmesini kolaylast?rmay? sa?layacakkuramlar?n gelistirilmesini hedefledi?i günümüzdeTürkçe ve Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? e?itiminin bu disiplindenyoksun olmas? sürekli sikâyet edilen durumlar?n devametmesine yol açacakt?r.Türkçe ö?retmenlerinden öncelikle ö?rencilerindebir dil bilinci olusturmalar?, onlara dil konusunda olumlututum ve davran?slar kazand?rmalar?, okuma al?skanl???ile düsünebilme ve düsündüklerini yaz?l? ve/veya sözlüolarak ifade edebilme becerisi kazand?rmalar?beklenmektedir. Kendi e?itim süreçlerinde bu bilgi vebecerileri kazanmam?s, dile bilimsel yaklas?mla bakmay?ö?renmemis ö?retmenlerin bu beklentileri kars?lamalar?çok zordur. Bunun için de Türkçe ve edebiyat e?itimimutlaka uygulamal? olmal?; bilgiyi, sorgulayarakolusturmay? amaçlayan bilimsel anlay?slagerçeklestirilmelidir.Bu çal?smada Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? ve Türkçeö?retmenlerinin yetisme süreçlerinde edinmeleri gerekti?idüsünülen bilimsel yaklas?mlar, geleneksel yaklas?mlarlakars?last?r?larak örneklendirilmeye çal?s?lacakt?r.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Muhsine BÖREKÇ?

2009-05-01

398

?kibinbir Y?l?nda Türkiye Ekonomisinin Genel Görünümü = An Outlook of Turkish Economy in 2001  

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Full Text Available Data of Turkish economy of the current years are explained in detail. Especially the economy crises of the last years are explained. Finally important sources of the Turkish economy, hardworking of the Turkish people and required precautions are summarized.

Esat ÇELEB?

2001-06-01

399

When Consciousness Dawns: Confronting Homophobia with Turkish High School Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Turkey, like many Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cultures, is homosocial. Profoundly intimate, though nonsexual, relationships between members of the same gender predominate. In such cultures it is expected that male friends kiss one another on the cheek when greeting or saying goodbye, and it is common to see men walk arm-in-arm together, hold…

Michell, Michael J.

2009-01-01

400

Language Learning in Second Life: American and Turkish Students' Experiences  

Science.gov (United States)

There have been several attempts to integrate Web 2.0 technologies including podcasts, weblogs, wikis, and virtual 3D communities into language education thus far. Second Life, a virtual 3D community, might create unique opportunities for language learners specifically in the following ways: As a source of authentic interaction with target…

Balcikanli, Cem

2012-01-01

401

Türkçenin Yabanc? Dil Olarak Ö?retimi Türkçe Bile?ik Tümcelerin Özelli?i Üzerine Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language Characteristics of Compound Sentences in Turkish  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Actually, an important feature of Turkish syntax, is the usage of participle and gerund in sentences. This shows interest in the meaning,but the usage of gerund with different functions reflects differentmeanings.According to linguists unlike the Indo-European languages, wherein general the main sentence is connected to subordinate sentenceswith conjunctions or conjunctional pronouns, in the Turkish, thesentences are connected by participle or by gerund. With this structurewithout the need of pronoun or conjunctions is performed anembedding.It is known that in the agglutinative languages to the root of aname or verb is added different morphemes. These morphemes carryout all kinds of conjunction or derivations. In this case, in Turkish, themorphemes carry out very important functions in terms of semantics.Such as encountered in Western Languages, Albanian is the languageof second-order transfers. These transfers are emerging to compoundsentences and the entire sentence is transfered to another node that isattached to it and gives it a function.-(y?p, -ip, -up, -üp morpheme has interesting morphologicalcharacteristics. -ip is one of the most frequently used adverb-verbsuffixes. This morpheme connects the verb to the second one.Sometimes this morpheme connects the main predicate of the sentenceto the side of the pred?cate of the second sentence.The construction with -arak, -erek explains the way in which theaction is done. The basic sentence, linking with the subordinatesentence at the same time allows the grammatical transformation ofadverbalization.The aim of this work is to describe these types of clauses and toaddress emerging problems. In particular in translating from Albanianto Turkish and viceversa from Turkish to Albanian we will try toemphasize the difficulty encountered by foreign students. Bilindi?i gibi Türkçenin sözdizimin önemli bir özelli?ini olu?turan ortaç ve ulaçlar?n kullan?l??? tümce anlam? aç?s?ndan ilgi çekici nitelikler göstermekte, ulaç biçimbirimleri de?i?ik i?levlerle birlikte çe?itli anlamlar? da yans?tmaktad?r. Dilcilere göre Hint-Avrupa dillerinde görülenin tersine, genel olarak yan tümceler ana, temel tümcelere ilgi ad?llar?yla de?il, ortaç ve ulaçlarla ba?lanmakta. Bu kurulu?ta herhangi bir ilgi ad?l? ya da bir ba?laç kullan?lmas?na gereksinme duyulmadan temel tümce içine çe?itli yan tümceler yerle?tirilir, üretken dönü?ümlü dilbilgisindeki yerle?tirme (embedding gerçekle?tirilir. Bilindi?i gibi ba?lant?l? dillerin bir ad ya da eylem köküne de?i?ik biçimbirimleri eklenir. Bu biçimbirimler her türlü türetme ve çekim i?lemlerini gerçekle?tirirler. Bu durumda Türkçede tümce anlambilimi aç?s?ndan eklerinin çok önemli i?levleri yerine getirilir. Bat? dillerinde rastland??? gibi, Arnavutçada da ikinci dereceden aktarmalar görülür. Bu aktarmalar bütün bir tümceyi bir ba?ka dü?üme aktarak ona ba?l? bir i?lev verir ve bile?ik tümceler ortaya ç?k?yor. -(y?p, -ip, -up, -üp ulaç biçimbirimin ilginç nitelikleri bulundu?u görülür. -(y?p, -ip, -up, -üp biçimbirimi s?kça kullan?lan zarf-fiil eklerinden biridir. Eklendi?i fiili ikinci bir fiile ba?lar. -erek, -arak ulaç biçimbirimine gelince iki fiili birbirine ba?larken yüklemin nas?l, ne tarzda yap?ld???n? aç?klamaktad?r. Yan tümceyi temel tümceye, iki önermeyi birbirine ba?layan bu biçimbirim ayn? zamanda belirteç göreviyle üretken dönü?ümsel dilbilgisindeki belirteçle?tirmeyi sa?lar. Bu makalenin amac? bu tür yan tümceleri aç?klamak ve ortaya ç?kan sorunlar? ele almaktad?r. Bir Hint-Avrupa dili olan Arnavutçadan Türkçeye ve aksine Türkçeden Arnavutçaya çeviri s?ras?nda kar??lanan zorunluklar? vurgulamaya çal??aca??z.

Xhemile ABDIU

2012-09-01

402

Medication use among children 0-14 years old: population baseline study / Uso de medicamentos entre crianças de 0-14 anos: estudo de base populacional  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência do consumo de medicamento em crianças e adolescentes de 20 municípios do Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais-Brasil, mostrando os principais grupos e variáveis que possam ter influenciado o uso. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo tipo inquérito populacional domicilia [...] r, amostra constituída por 555 entrevistas selecionadas de maneira aleatória simples por meio de amostragem por conglomerado de 137 setores censitários. Os critérios de inclusão foram idade ?14 anos, entrevista obrigatória com os responsáveis legais, independente de terem consumido medicamento. Quanto ao padrão de uso os participantes foram divididos em dois grupos consomem e não consomem medicamentos. Realizada análise descritiva das variáveis e aplicados testes de associação. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de consumo de medicamentos foi 56,57% e o não consumo 42,43%. O uso de plantas medicinais foi de 72,9% para o consumo de medicamento e 74,3% para o não consumo. As situações de saúde para o consumo foram tosse, resfriado comum, gripe, congestão nasal ou broncospasmo (49,7%); febre (5,4%); cefaléia (5,4%); diarréia, "má digestão" e cólica abdominal (6,7%). Na automedicação, 30,57% dos medicamentos foram indicados pela mãe, e 69,42% de prescrições médicas. Destaca-se na automedicação o uso de paracetamol (30,2%), dipirona (20,8%) e antigripais (18,8%). E um maior uso de analgésicos/antipiréticos, seguido do aparelho respiratório, antibióticos sistêmicos, antagonistas H1 da histamina e vitaminas/antianêmicos. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência do consumo de medicamentos na população infantil foi alta, indicando a necessidade de formulação de programas educativos visando principalmente à conscientização dos cuidadores sobre o uso racional. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of medication use in children and adolescents in 20 municipalities of Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais-Brazil, showing the main groups and variables that may have influenced use. METHODS: Descriptive population-based survey sample of 555 interviews, selec [...] ted by simple random cluster sampling of 137 census tracts. Inclusion criteria were age ? 14 years, mandatory interview with the legal guardians, and regardless of having received medications. Regarding the usage pattern, participants were divided into two groups: consumption and non-consumption of drugs. A descriptive analysis of the variables and tests of association were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of drug consumption was 56.57%, and 42.43% showed no consumption. The use of medicinal plants was 72.9% for drug users and 74.3% for non-users. The health conditions for consumption were cough, common cold, flu, nasal congestion or bronchospasm (49.7%), fever (5.4%), headache (5.4%), diarrhea, indigestion, and abdominal colic (6.7%). In cases of self-medication, 30.57% of the drugs were given by the mother, and 69.42% were prescription drugs. Self-medication was prevalent using paracetamol (30.2%), dipyrone (20.8%), and cold medicine (18.8%). There was increased use of analgesics/antipyretics, followed by respiratory medications, systemic antibiotics, histamine H1 antagonists, and vitamins/antianemics. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of drugs use in children was high, indicating the need for formulating educational programs aiming at the awareness of caregivers regarding rational use.

Maria J.B., Cruz; Lays F.N., Dourado; Emerson C., Bodevan; Renata A., Andrade; Delba F., Santos.

2014-12-01

403

Long-term Effects of Prenatal Cigarette Smoke Exposure on Behavior Dysregulation Among 14-Year-Old Offspring of Teenage Mothers  

Science.gov (United States)

In this prospective study, we examined the long-term effects of prenatal cigarette smoke exposure (PCSE) on behavioral dysregulation (BD) in the offspring of adolescent mothers. The adolescent mothers (mean age = 16; range = 12–18; 70% African American) were interviewed about their tobacco use during pregnancy. Offspring were followed to age 14 years (n = 318). Indices of BD outcomes included aggression, rule breaking, externalizing, social problems, attention, distractibility and activity. Multiple measures and multiple informants were used for each construct. Regression analyses were conducted to test if PCSE predicted the BD outcomes, adjusting for demographic and maternal psychological characteristics, and for prenatal exposure to other substances. Independent effects of PCSE were found. Exposed offspring had more aggressive, social, and externalizing problems on both the maternal report and the adolescent self-report measures. They were more active, had more attention problems and greater difficulty with distraction and task orientation. Most PCSE effects were found from first trimester exposure and from exposure to as few as 10 cigarettes per day. These results are consistent with previous findings in this cohort when offspring were 6 and 10 years old, demonstrating that the effects of prenatal cigarette smoke exposure can be identified early and persist into adolescence. PMID:21380771

Goldschmidt, Lidush; De Genna, Natacha M.; Larkby, Cynthia

2011-01-01

404

Concept formation in environmental education: 14-year olds' work on the intensified greenhouse effect and the depletion of the ozone layer  

Science.gov (United States)

A case study is presented describing the work of three pupils in the upper level of compulsory school. The pupils were learning about the intensified greenhouse effect and the depletion of the ozone layer. In their work, the need for certain domain-specific knowledge becomes apparent; for example, understanding such concepts as photosynthesis, radiation and catalyst. The results show that the pupils experienced difficulty in distinguishing between the different meanings attached to individual concepts in their theoretical and practical contexts. They are often unable to identify the meaning relevant to the specific environmental problem that they are working on. The pupils’ difficulties are seen here as a problem of differentiation between concepts denoted by the same term as well as between different aspects of the same concept, a view that is then related to the question of appropriate conditions for conceptual change.

Österlind*, Karolina

2005-08-01

405

Prenatal exposure to lead and cognitive deficit in 7- and 14-year-old children in the presence of concomitant exposure to similar molar concentration of methylmercury  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Few studies have examined the effects of mixed metal exposures in humans. We have evaluated the effect of prenatal lead exposure in a Faroese birth cohort in the presence of similar molar-level exposure to methylmercury. A cohort of 1022 singleton births was assembled in the Faroe Islands during 1986-1987 from whom lead was measured in cord-blood. A total of 896 cohort subjects participated in a clinical examination at age 7 and 808 subjects in a second examination at age 14. We evaluated the association between cord-blood lead concentrations and cognitive deficits (attention/working memory, language, visuospatial, and memory) using multiple regression models. Overall, the lead concentration showed no clear pattern of association. However, in subjects with a low methylmercury exposure, after inclusion of statistical interaction terms, lead-associated adverse effects on cognitive functions were observed. In particular, higher cord-blood lead was associated with a lower digit span forward score on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) [beta=-1.70, 95% confidence interval (CI): -3.12 to -0.28] at age 7 and a lower digit span backward score on the WISC-R (beta=-2.73, 95%CI: -4.32 to -1.14) at age 14. Some interaction terms between lead and methylmercury suggested that the combined effect of the exposures was less than additive. The present study indicates that adverse effects of exposure may be overlooked if the effects of a co-pollutant are ignored. The present study supports the existence of adverse effects on cognitive functions at prenatal lead exposures corresponding to an average cord-blood concentration of 16?g/L.

Yorifuji, Takashi; Debes, Frodi

2011-01-01

406

Intraneural perineurioma of unilateral radial and median nerves manifesting with long-standing focal amyotrophy in a 14-year-old-boy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intraneural perineuriomas are rare tumors of the peripheral nerves with unique immunohistochemical findings. In this report, we highlight the clinical and imaging findings of an adolescent male with histologically proven intraneural perineurioma involving multiple nerves. The salient features included a clinically progressive course, imaging evidence of involvement of long segments of multiple nerves, enlargement of individual fascicles within the affected nerves, and intense contrast enhancement of the enlarged fascicles. The identification of enlarged fascicles with intense contrast enhancement within the affected and distended nerve segments may aid in distinguishing intraneural perineurioma from other tumors affecting the peripheral nerves. PMID:24263031

Nagappa, Madhu; Chickabasaviah, Yasha T; Bharath, Rose D; Bindu, Parayil S; Sinha, Sanjib; Taly, Arun B

2013-12-01

407

Validity and reliability of Persian translation of the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ11-14 in 11?14 year-old children in Isfahan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available AbstractIntroduction: Oral health includes healthy mouth and its healthy tissues, which allows for eating, speaking, and social encounters without active disease, discomfort, and dissatisfaction. In this research, validity and reliability of Persian translation of Quality of Life related to oral and dental health questionnaire was studied in children aged 11?l4 years in Isfahan. Materials and methods: In this descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study the subjects consisted of 128 children aged 11–14 randomly selected from schools in Isfahan. The children completed the Children Perception Questionnaire (CPQ, and then they were examined. DMFT, dmft, molar-incisor hypoplasia (MIH, traumatic dental injuries (TDI and malocclusion indexes were determined. To study the reliability of CPQ, 60 of these children completed the questionnaire again without dental intervention two weeks later. To understand the relation between the indexes, ANOVA and Spearman’s correlation coefficient were used. In addition, Cronbach’s alpha and interclass correlation coefficient (ICC were determined (?=0.05.Results: The average score of CPQ was 20.6 with a standard deviation of 16.60, with higher scores in females compared to males. Cronbach’s alpha and ICC were 0.92 and 0.82, respectively. CPQ had an insignificant correlation with DMFT, dmft, TDI, MIH and malocclusion (p value > 0.05. Conclusion: The Farsi version of the questionnaire is valid and reliable for use for Iranian children aged 11?14 and can be used as a useful tool to assess the effect of oral and dental disorders on quality of life.Key words: Dental Caries, Hypoplasia, Malocclusion, Quality of life.

Parvin Khadem

2012-01-01

408

Growth, oral hygiene and emergence of permanent dentition among 5-14 year old Rajput Children of Solan District of Himachal Pradesh  

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Full Text Available Growth in height and weight, oral hygiene and the emergence of permanent teeth in a cross-sectional sample of 509 Rajput boys and girls from the Kumarhatti and Dharampur areas of Solan District of Himachal Pradesh is reported. The data was collected from the various schools of the area. The girls were, by and large, taller and heavier than the boys; the differences were significant (P<0.05 at 12 years only. The oral hygiene of the sample was moderate and 15.28% children (9.76% boys and 5.52% girls had one or more carious teeth. Mandibular teeth tended to emerge earlier than the maxillary teeth in both sexes. The emergence was earlier in girls, except the premolars. The bilateral differences were significant (P <= 0.05 only for maxillary central incisors and mandibular canines in girls and maxillary second incisors and canines and mandibular central incisors and second premolars in boys. The sequence of emergence in the first phase was the same (M1, M1, I1, I1, I2, I2 for both sexes. In the second phase of emergence, the maxillary canines emerged after the premolars in boys and after the first premolars but prior to the second premolars in girls. Partial correlations between number of emerged teeth and stature and weight were low and not significant, when the effect of age was partialed out. The emergence in the present sample was distinctly delayed in maxillary as well as mandibular first and second molars and mandibular lateral incisors as compared to a majority of other populations from within and outside India.

Richa Airi

2012-01-01

409

Evaluación de las competencias de estudio en los alumnos de 12-14 años / Evaluation of study competence in pupils between 12-14 years old  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Há três âmbitos principais no estudo das necessidades de orientação do aluno de Ensino Secundário Obrigatório (E.S.O.) que se referen: (i)desenvolvimento académico; (ii) de carácter pessoal e social; (iii) e da Carreira Profissional. Na área do Desenvolvimento Académico e de onde se integram os sabe [...] res e conhecimentos a aprender pelas crianças, as atitudes referentes ás aprendizajens eficentes nos Centros educativos e as destrezas do estudo efectivo, objecto do nosso trabalho. A pesquisa fixou-se numa amostra de 80 alunos entre os 12-16 anos num Instituto de Ensino Secundário na demarcação de Santiago de Compostela (Espanha). Feita a análise da informação obtida saõ diferentes as motivações que justificam a necessidade de uma melhoria nas habilidades para aprender e estudar que utilizam os alunos. Existen justificativas normativas, necessidades expostas pelas crianças e pelos professores, especialmente tutores, de natureza científica (relaçao com o rendimento académico) e de desenvolver novas estratégias tendo em conta os contributos da pesquisa psicopedagógica neste âmbito. Neste sentido pode ser de utilidade a implementação de um programa inovador de destrezas e estratégias de estudo apresentadas nesta comunicação. Abstract in spanish Existen tres ámbitos principales en el estudio de necesidades orientadoras del alumnado de la Educación Secundaria Obligatoria que se refieren al Desarrollo académico, al de carácter Personal y Social y al relativo a la Carrera Profesional. En el área del Desarrollo Académico es donde se incardinan [...] los saberes y conocimientos a adquirir por los escolares, las actitudes hacia un aprendizaje eficiente en los Centros educativos y las habilidades de estudio eficaz, objeto este último de nuestro trabajo. La investigación se efectuó sobre una muestra de 80 escolares comprendidos entre 12-16 años, en un Instituto de Educación Secundaria de la comarca de Santiago de Compostela (España). Realizado el análisis de la información obtenida son diversas las motivaciones que justifican la necesidad de mejorar las habilidades para aprender y estudiar que utilizan los alumnos. Existen argumentos normativos, necesidades expuestas por los alumnos y por los profesores, especialmente tutores, de naturaleza científica (conexión con el rendimiento académico) y de desenvolver nuevas estrategias teniendo en cuenta las aportaciones de la investigación psicopedagógica en este campo. En este sentido puede ser de interés la aplicación de un programa innovador de habilidades y estrategias de estudio contemplado en la comunicación. Abstract in english There are three main study areas of guidance needs for pupils in Compulsory Secondary Education (CSE) which are academic development, personal and social development and the area of professional career. The area of academic development is where the knowledge to be acquired by the pupils, attitudes t [...] owards efficient learning in schools and the skills of efficient study are inculcated, the latter being the objective of our study. The research was taken from a sample of 80 school children between twelve and sixteen years old in a Secondary School in Santiago of Compostela ( Spain ). After analysing the results obtained we can see several motivations that justify the need to improve learning and study skills used by pupils. Normative arguments exist, needs that are exhibited by pupils and by teachers, especially tutors, of a scientific nature (connection with academic work) and to develop new strategies taking into account the contributions to the pedagogic research in this field. In this sense the application of an innovative programme of skills and study strategies in communication could be of interest.

Luis, Sobrado Fernández; Ana I., Couce Santalla; Raquel, Rial Sánchez.

410

Maternal drinking during pregnancy: attention and short-term memory in 14-year-old offspring--a longitudinal prospective study.  

Science.gov (United States)

A large and compelling experimental literature has documented the adverse impact of prenatal alcohol exposure on the developing brain of the offspring. This is the first report of adolescent attention/memory performance and its relationship with prenatal alcohol exposure in a population-based, longitudinal, prospective study (n = 462) involving substantial covariate control and "blind" examiners. Prenatal alcohol exposure was significantly related to attention/memory deficits in a dose-dependent fashion. A latent variable reflecting 13 measures of maternal drinking was correlated 0.26 with a latent variable representing 52 scores from 6 tests measuring various components of attention and short-term memory performance. The number of drinks/occasion was the strongest alcohol predictor. Fluctuating attentional states, problems with response inhibition, and spatial learning showed the strongest association with prenatal alcohol exposure. A latent variable reflecting the pattern of attention/memory deficits observed at 14 years correlated 0.67 with a composite pattern of deficits previously detected on neurobehavioral tests administered during the first 7 years of life. The 14-year attention/memory deficits observed in the present study appear to be the adolescent sequelae of deficits observed earlier in development. As is usual in such studies, not all exposed offspring showed deficits. PMID:8198221

Streissguth, A P; Sampson, P D; Olson, H C; Bookstein, F L; Barr, H M; Scott, M; Feldman, J; Mirsky, A F

1994-02-01

411

Concept Formation in Environmental Education: 14-Year Olds' Work on the Intensified Greenhouse Effect and the Depletion of the Ozone Layer. Research Report  

Science.gov (United States)

A case study is presented describing the work of three pupils in the upper level of compulsory school. The pupils were learning about the intensified greenhouse effect and the depletion of the ozone layer. In their work, the need for certain domain-specific knowledge becomes apparent; for example, understanding such concepts as photosynthesis,…

Osterlind, Karolina

2005-01-01

412

A Turkish version of Kogan's attitude toward older people (KAOP) scale: reliability and validity assessment.  

Science.gov (United States)

The considerable growth in the elderly population in Turkey has brought with it problems as well as concerns regarding gerontological education for health care professionals. The quality of care provided for older people is directly related to the attitudes of health care professionals. Validated instruments are needed in order to study attitudes toward old people. Aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of a Turkish version of KAOP among faculty of health sciences (health management, nutrition and dietetics, nursing, physical therapy, social workers and sports) students (n=594) at a university. The scale was translated using the back-translation technique. A two-phase data collection design was used. Four weeks following the first completion, another KAOP form was given. Content validity, construct validity, internal consistency, and stability reliability were assessed. Scores were between 86 and 175. The study sample reported slightly positive attitudes (132.9 ± 14.74). All of the 34 items were found to have significant item-to-total correlations. The content validity index was 0.94. The Cronbach's alpha was 0.84 for the total scale. The Turkish version of the KAOP can be considered reliable and valid scale for assessing the attitudes toward older people. PMID:21075461

Erdemir, Firdevs; Kav, Sultan; Citak, Ebru Akgun; Hanoglu, Ziyafet; Karahan, Azize

2011-01-01

413

The validity and reliability study of Turkish version of the multiple intelligences developmental assessment scales  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to adapt Multiple Intelligences Developmental Assessment Scales (MIDAS to Turkish. After examining and confirming equivalency between English and Turkish versions the scale was administered to a sample (1466 participant including undergraduate, graduate students at the Cukurova University and adult in Adana, Turkey. In addition, test-retest reliability was assessed using a sample of undergraduate, graduate and adults in Adana,Turkey (N=100. In order to examine the validity and reliability properties of the scale, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, Cronbach Alpha correlation coefficients, corrected item-total correlations and t-tests between items’ means of upper 27%-lower 27% points were used. The final analysis accounted for 41.93 % of the variance under 93 items and 7 factors. The internal consistency coefficient (? = .87 was within ideal ranges. Also results of confirmatory factor analysis show that the model fitness indicator indexes meet the statistical standards [?2=16558.65 (sd=4164, p<.001, (?2/sd=3.98, NNFI= 0.95, NFI=0.93, CFI=0.95, IFI= 0.95, RMSEA=0.052, and SRMR= 0.062].

Ayten ?flazo?lu Saban

2012-08-01

414

A study on Turkish adolescent's Internet use: possible predictors of Internet addiction.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to investigate the internet use of Turkish adolescents, with a (particular) focus on the risk of Internet addiction. A web-based questionnaire was completed by a total of 4,311 adolescents attending public high schools in grades 9-12, in a small-sized city in western Turkey. Ages ranged from 15 to 19 years, 54 percent were female and 46 percent male. The questionnaire included items on sociodemographic information, Internet usage, and a Turkish version of the Young's Internet Addiction Test. The data were analyzed in SPPS 15.0 program using the t test, the Mann-Whitney U test, correlation and hierarchic regression analysis. The findings show that, regardless of gender, Facebook ranked highest in the classification of students' purpose of Internet use; it was also found that females mainly used the Internet for communication, whereas males were more interested in playing online games and reading newspapers and magazines. The results of hierarchic regression analysis indicated that the significant predictors of the internet addiction were the presence of Internet access at home, gender, and family income levels. PMID:23253206

Ak, Serife; Koruklu, Nermin; Y?lmaz, Yusuf

2013-03-01

415

Functions of Turkish complementary schools in the UK: Official vs. Insider discourses  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Complementary schools in the United Kingdom (UK) are community organised schools with the general aim of teaching younger generations their 'native' languages and cultures. However, the aims and practices of these schools are predominantly dependent on changes in the social and political contexts bo [...] th in the host country (in this case the UK) as well as in the respective 'home' countries of these children. This study focuses on one such Turkish complementary school in London, aiming to describe and analyse the functions of these schools more broadly, by means of a variety of perspectives and using a social constructivist approach. Data collected from official documents, participant observations, as well as interviews with parents, teachers, students and organisers of the schools, were analysed, focusing on the emerging themes in relation to the functions and practices of the schools. The analysis revealed that the official discourses, which stress the issue of underachievement amongst young people from Turkish speaking backgrounds in the UK, differ strikingly from the participants' perceptions of the functions of the school, as well as the actual teaching and learning practices found there. This discrepancy is attributed to trends in current neo-liberal educational discourses and the discourses surrounding ethnically-oriented educational provisions in the UK.

Çise, Çavu& #351; o& #287; lu.

2014-03-01

416

An analysis of Turkish hydropower policy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Over the last decade, Turkish electricity demand has increased more than 8% per annum as a result of economic development. Being one of the renewable energy sources par excellence, non-exhaustible, non-polluting and economically more attractive than other renewable sources, hydropower has turned out to be an important contributor to the future energy mix of the country. This paper deals with hydropower policies to meet increasing electricity demand for sustainable energy development in Turkey. Turkey has a total gross hydropower potential of 433 TWh/year and 140 TWh/year of this capacity can be used economically, corresponding to the second largest economic potential in Europe. Currently only 35% of economic hydro potential of the country is utilized. After completion of hydropower plants under construction, this figure will increase to 49%. It is obvious that even after the construction of all projects there will still be a huge hydro potential in Turkey. Besides, Turkey is a poor country in terms of fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, coal and so on) and has no nuclear power plant in operation, which strengthens the role of hydro energy among other alternatives. (author)

Erdogdu, Erkan [Energy Market Regulatory Authority, Muhsin Yazicioglu Caddes Yuzuncuyil, Ankara (Turkey); University of Cambridge, Judge Business School, Trumpington Street CB2 1AG Cambridge (United Kingdom)

2011-01-15

417

A review of Turkish natural gas distribution market  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In Turkey, natural gas consumption started at 0.5 bcm (billion cubic meters) in 1987 and reached approximately 35 bcm in 2007. Turkish natural gas usage is projected to further increase remarkably in coming years. In 2001, a reform process was started to create and strengthen a competitive natural gas market. However, the reform has not worked out as expected so far. The present article discusses the application of auctions in Turkish natural gas distribution zones. After presenting a short summary of current literature, natural gas utilization and recent developments in Turkish natural gas market, we draw attention to our main focus, namely city natural gas tenders. Having described the tenders, we present problems associated with them. In the end, we touch upon some regulatory issues and provide some suggestions for improvement. (author)

418

A review of Turkish natural gas distribution market  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

In Turkey, natural gas consumption started at 0.5 bcm (billion cubic meters) in 1987 and reached approximately 35 bcm in 2007. Turkish natural gas usage is projected to further increase remarkably in coming years. In 2001, a reform process was started to create and strengthen a competitive natural gas market. However, the reform has not worked out as expected so far. The present article discusses the application of auctions in Turkish natural gas distribution zones. After presenting a short summary of current literature, natural gas utilization and recent developments in Turkish natural gas market, we draw attention to our main focus, namely city natural gas tenders. Having described the tenders, we present problems associated with them. In the end, we touch upon some regulatory issues and provide some suggestions for improvement. (author)

Erdogdu, Erkan [Energy Market Regulatory Authority, Ziyabey Cad. No: 19, 06520 Balgat/Ankara (Turkey); University of Cambridge, Judge Business School, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1AG (United Kingdom)

2010-02-15

419

Generating Context-Appropriate Word Orders in Turkish  

CERN Document Server

Turkish has considerably freer word order than English. The interpretations of different word orders in Turkish rely on information that describes how a sentence relates to its discourse context. To capture the syntactic features of a free word order language, I present an adaptation of Combinatory Categorial Grammars called {}-CCGs (set-CCGs). In {}-CCGs, a verb's subcategorization requirements are relaxed so that it requires a set of arguments without specifying their linear order. I integrate a level of information structure, representing pragmatic functions such as topic and focus, with {}-CCGs to allow certain pragmatic distinctions in meaning to influence the word order of a sentence in a compositional way. Finally, I discuss how this strategy is used within an implemented generation system which produces Turkish sentences with context-appropriate word orders in a simple database query task.

Hoffman, B

1994-01-01

420

Low back pain and lumbar angles in Turkish coal miners  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study was designed to assess the incidence of low back pain among Turkish coal miners and to investigate the relationship between angles of the lumbar spine and low back pain in coal miners. Fifty underground workers (Group I) and 38 age-matched surface workers (Group II) were included in the study. All the subjects were asked about low back pain in the past 5 years. The prevalence of low back pain was higher in Group I than in Group II (78.0%, 32.4%, respectively, P {lt} 0.001). The results of the study showed that low back pain occurred in 78.0% of Turkish coal miners. Although the nature of the occupation may have influenced coal miners' lumbar spinal curvature, lumbar angles are not a determinant for low back pain in this population. Further extensive studies involving ergonomic measurements are needed to validate our results for Turkish coal mining industry.

Sarikaya, S.; Ozdolap, S.; Gumustas, S.; Koc, U. [Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak (Turkey). Faculty of Medicine

2007-02-15

421

Turkish children use morphosyntactic bootstrapping in interpreting verb meaning.  

Science.gov (United States)

How might syntactic bootstrapping apply in Turkish, which employs inflectional morphology to indicate grammatical relations and allows argument ellipsis? We investigated whether Turkish speakers interpret constructions differently depending on the number of NPs in the sentence, the presence of accusative case marking and the causative morpheme. Data were collected from 60 child speakers and 16 adults. In an adaptation of Naigles, Gleitman & Gleitman (1993), the participants acted out sentences (6 transitive and 6 intransitive verbs in four different frames). The enactments were coded for causativity. Causative enactments increased in two-argument frames and decreased in one-argument frames, albeit to a lesser extent than previously found in English. This effect was generally stronger in children than in adults. Causative enactments increased when the accusative case marker was present. The causative morpheme yielded no increase in causative enactments. These findings highlight roles for morphological and syntactic cues in verb learning by Turkish children. PMID:18416861

Göksun, Tilbe; Küntay, Aylin C; Naigles, Letitia R

2008-05-01

422

You Are Not Stuck in a Traffic Jam, You Are the Traffic Jam: Teaching Students How to Take Responsibility for Their Planet.  

Science.gov (United States)

Teaching Geography and Economics to our school's fifth graders (14 year-olds), we focus on topics like the ecosystem, climate, natural resources and natural disasters. In addition to the usual curriculum we would like to deepen their knowledge and we want to establish a link between facts, figures and students' lives. The main aim is to raise their awareness of "Our Changing Planet". They should learn how human activity influences climate and enviroment. Moreover, the students should understand how every single action a human being sets has a positive or negative impact on our earth. Even little steps made by each one of us can help the earth and everyone of us has the choice. The idea is to set up a project in which all 14-year-olds take part. They work outside their usual schedule and examine the topic's various aspects for up to three days. Plus, they can explore their individual options to help fix our planet. Possible topics are the sustainable usage of ressources such as water, air, wood, fuel and energy. What is my ecological footprint? How can I support the planet by acting responsible as a consumer? How can we make our school "greener"? Our mission is not only to gain information on the topic but also to change certain habits so that we live and act in a more responsible and sustainable way. Teachers of related subjects give their expertise and help exploring the issues. The "Our Changing Planet" project days peak in an assembly where the student teams present their findings plus an international climatologist is going to give a short lecture.

Pollach, Claudia

2014-05-01

423

Üniversitelerdeki Türk Dili Dersi ve Türkçe Konusundaki Olumsuz Tutumlar
Turkish Language Classes at Universities and Negative Attitude on Turkish Language
 

OpenAIRE

Everyone has linguistic competence as soon as the birth and with this competence he gets his mother tongue. Since he perceives the world, he goes ahead learning his native language first from his mother and the environs. The learning process goes on both at school and lifelong other than school. In Turkish education system, Turkish languageeducation as a native language starts at primary education andcontinues until university process. Turkish language is taught in thename of compulsory ‘Tu...

Karatas?, Mustafa

2013-01-01

424

E-LEARNING TURKISH LANGUAGE AND GRAMMAR: Analyzing Learners' Behavior  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study analyses the behavior and the preferences of the Greek learners of Turkish language, who use a particular e-learning website in parallel with their studies, namely: http://turkish.pgeorgalas.gr. The website offers free online material in Greek and English language for learning the Turkish language and grammar. The traffic of several modules of the website has been measured, examined and analyzed. The research was carried out between the years 2010- 2011 and included the analysis of several million clicks. The results show particular attitudes, habits and preferences throughout the e-learning process. There is a preference of users to exercises against theory. Fast cross-link exercises are preferred to slower “fill in” ones. During the weekends, visitors tend to use less e-learning facilities and select more light activities than the rest days of the week. Society trends and fashions like TV serials have a serious impact to the number of people who decide to learn a new foreign language, in particular Turkish. There is a strong preference of the audience to use online TV against online radio facilities for language practice. The subjects that Greek learners of Turkish language spend more time are verbs conjugation and vocabulary learning. They focus on elementary grammar subjects like the Alphabet, the numbers and the formation of plural. Finally, they try to learn the syntax of Turkish language through sentence structure puzzles and give priority to special grammar issues like noun compounds that are not present in Greek language.

Panagiotis GEORGALAS

2012-01-01

425

Turkish-Russian Relations During the Lausanne Conference With Archieve Documents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this article Russian Turcologist M. S. Meyer represents the beginning process of Turkish- Soviet Russian relations based on arshive documents. The facts that happened after two country recognised each other are explained in this article. The dialogues beginning after sending missions, gets up to such level that some Turkish senators introducing their thoughts about the acceptance of the communist regime. In the article M. S. Meyer is analysing Turkish and Soviet rapproshment, mutual solidarity and the progress of relationship between two counries. According to Russian historians the Turkish governments attitudes to the Soviet Russia has changed during The Lausanne Conference. Frendly relations goes down after negative attitudes of Russian official of Cheka to Turkish consulate employee and after negative propagandas of some turkish politicians against the Soviet Russia. Relations between two countries thoroughly change direction after Turkish government got closer to western countries. Soviet Russian politicians have also a great effect on this result.

Mihail Serafimoviç Meyer

2009-01-01

426

RUSSIAN BORROWED WORDS IN KHIRGIZ TURKISH AND CONSONANT MUTATION IN THESE WORDS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Khirgiz Turkish one of the Kipczak Group Turkish Dialects is divided into two main dialect regions as South and North. Literary language formed in regard to North Dialect Region was impressed by Russian having an extensive usage in every field.The response of Khirgiz Turkish from Russian with regard to vocabulary coincides with the new period and fourth period from historic period of Khirgiz Turkish. During this response in vocabulary, words were also borrowed from the other western languages by Russian. However, as the borrowed words in this situation were borrowed indirectly from Russian, they are mostly used in Russian orthography and Khirgiz Turkish literary language.It is seen that some of the words borrowed from Russian directly or indiretly resemble to voice structure of Khirgiz Turkish as a result of phonetic.In this study, the borrowed words from Russian in Khirgiz Turkish will be confirmed and consonant mutation will be given in these words.

Mehmet ÖZEREN

2010-08-01

427

THE TURKISH WELFARE REGIME UNDER PRESSURE: RESILIENCE OR CHANGE?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article studies the Turkish welfare regime, with a particular emphasis on wage insurance as a formal mechanism of accessing the social protection system. We argue that the structure and transformation of the labour market is increasingly incompatible with the existing welfare system framework, which is mainly centred on formal workers insurance. In this context, we may wonder whether the current pensions and health reforms will lead to a better articulation between employment forms and the social protection system. Different scenarios of the possible evolution of the Turkish welfare regime are analysed: will it maintain its existing structure or will it find ways to adapt?

Carlos SOTO IGUARAN

2011-01-01

428

The Process of Getting Identity in Turkish Society: Kemalist Education  

OpenAIRE

Education has different meanings according to the structure of the society and it works as to the structure. In one hand, it prepares the members of a society to the world standards changing rapidly and on the other hand, by designating the future form of the societies, increases its significance day by day. As Atatürk indicates education has an important role in the identity change of Turkish Society. Most probably Kemalist Education, as it is today, is going to be informative for Turkish S...

Nihat Aycan

2005-01-01

429

The Prediction of University Students' Willingness to Seek Counseling  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this research is to determine the variables that qualify the help seeking behavior (willingness to seek counseling) of Turkish university students. A total of 5829 college students (2974 females, 2841 males, 14 unknown) from eleven universities in Turkey have participated in the study. Personal Form, Self Concealment Scale, Willingness…

Erkan, Serdar; Ozbay, Yasar; Cihangir-Cankaya, Zeynep; Terzi, Serife

2012-01-01

430

?lkö?retim 8. S?n?f Türkçe Ders Kitaplar?nda Ö?rencilere Kazand?r?lmas? Hedeflenen Sözcüklerin Ö?retimi ve ?ç Sözlük ?li?kisi (Mersin ?li Örne?i Instruction Of Words In 8th Grade Turkish Course Books Which Are Targeted To Get Acquired To Students And Their Relation To Internal Lexicon (The Case Of Mersin  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this study, the target words formed by the themes of 8th gradeTurkish course boks and their acquisition into the internal lexicon ofthe students were focused on. The research was carried out in Mersin,Silifke with three different settlements in the district, county-townvillage.The study was realized with the participation of one hundredstudents who were treated with an application file of one hundredninety-three words.The raw data obtained at the end of research was analyzed withdata analysis package, SPSS 16. The target words were focused on inaccordance with the residential units and the relation between thegender and other themes. Considering the compliance with the alreadydetermined criteria, obtained frequencies and percentages weredisplayed with the use of charts and graphs. Additionally, in order toidentify and signify the difference between the gender of participantsand the averages of the words stored in their internal dictionaries, t-testwas used.For the display of the difference between the students’ types ofsettlements and the average of the target words, one-way analysis ofvariance (one way ANOVA; and to determine the group and groups thatthis difference was in favor of, the post hoc data analysis techniqueswere used. The findings of this study can be summarized as follows: Interms of teaching the target words contained in readings of Turkishcourse boks and aimed to be included in the participants’ internaldictionaries, with the significant difference of p Bu ara?t?rmada ilkö?retim sekizinci s?n?f Türkçe ders kitaplar?nda yer alan temalar?n bar?nd?rd???, ö?rencilere kazand?r?lmas? hedeflenen sözcüklerin ö?retimi ve bu sözcüklerin ö?renci iç sözlü?üne al?nabilirli?i ara?t?r?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rma, Mersin ili, Silifke ilçesinde bulunan üç farkl? yerle?im yeri, ilçe-belde-köy okullar?nda ö?renim gören toplam yüz ö?renciye, yüz doksan üç sözcü?ün yer ald??? veri toplama arac? ile uygulanm??t?r.Ara?t?rma sonunda elde edilen ham veriler, Spss 16 veri analizi paket program? ile çözümlenmi?tir. Ö?rencilere kazand?r?lmas? hedeflenen sözcükler, okul yerle?im birimi, cinsiyet ve temalar aras? ili?ki çat?lar? alt?nda incelenmi?; belirlenen ölçütlerin do?rultusunda uygunluk frekanslar? ve yüzdelikleri tablolar ve grafikler arac?l???yla irdelenmi?tir. Ayr?ca ara?t?rma örnekleminde bulunan ö?rencilerin cinsiyetleri ile iç sözlüklerinde yer alabilen sözcüklerin ortalamalar? aras?ndaki anlamsal farkl?l??? ortaya ç?karmak ve anlamland?rmak amac?yla t-test’ten yararlan?lm??t?r.Ö?rencilerin ö?renim gördükleri yerle?im birimine göre sözcük ortalamalar? aras?ndaki farkl?l???n ortaya konulmas?nda ise tek yönlü varyans analizi (one way anova ve bu farkl?l???n hangi grup ya da gruplar lehine oldu?unu belirlemek için post hoc veri çözümleme tekniklerinden yararlan?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rma bulgular?ndan elde edilen sonuçlar a?a??daki gibi özetlenebilir:1. Türkçe ders kitaplar?ndaki metinlerde yer alan ö?renci iç sözlü?üne kazand?r?lmas? hedeflenen sözcüklerin ö?retimi ba?lam?nda ö?rencilere uygulanan çal??ma dosyas?nda yer alan yüz doksan üç, p<0.5 anlamsal farkl?l??a göre on yedi, sözcü?ün do?ru kullan?m de?erleri irdelendi?inde örneklem grubunda yer alan k?z ö?rencilerin (43, erkek ö?rencilere (57 göre sözcük kullan?m?nda (köle sözcü?ü hariç üstünlük sa?lad??? sonucuna ula??lm??t?r.2. Ara?t?rma örneklemini olu?turan yüz ö?rencinin e?itim-ö?retim gördü?ü ve sözcüklerin edinimi do?rultusunda okul yerle?ke türleri (ilçe-belde-köy aras?nda anlaml? farkl?l?klar olu?tu?u sonucuna ula??lm??t?r.3. ?lkö?retim sekizinci s?n?f Türkçe ders kitaplar?nda yer alan toplam alt? teman?n içerisinde bulunan ve ö?rencilere kazand?r?lmas? hedeflenen toplam yüz doksan üç sözcü?ün, birey iç sözlü?üneal?nabilme ortalamalar?n?n temalar aras? b

Erdost ÖZKAN

2013-03-01

431

Necessity of Re-Organization of Turkish Agricultural Higher Education System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Education in Agricultural Faculties has been changing from beginning to these days in Turkey. However, education in agriculture always contains all area of agriculture and students are awarded the same diploma which is “Agricultural Engineer” after four years. By means of science and technology has been developing, agricultural applications also have been changing recently. This resulted in increasing of requirements from agricultural engineer in respect of both wide and deep knowledge about agriculture. In this study it was aimed that clarification of history of agricultural higher education from the beginning till now in Turkey and agricultural higher education systems in some developed countries. Necessity of re-organization of Turkish agricultural higher education system was also discussed and some recommendations about this theme were given.

P. Ulger

2006-01-01

432

Necessity of Re-Organization of Turkish Agricultural Higher Educational System  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Education in Agricultural Faculties has been changing from beginning to these days in Turkey.However, education in agriculture always contains all area of agriculture and students are awarded the samediploma which is “Agricultural Engineer” after four years. By means of science and technology has beendeveloping, agricultural applications also have been changing recently. This resulted in increasing ofrequirements from agricultural engineer in respect of both wide and deep knowledge about agriculture.In this study it was aimed that clarification of history of agricultural higher education from thebeginning till now in Turkey and agricultural higher education systems in some developed countries.Necessity of re-organization of Turkish agricultural higher education system was also discussed and somerecommendations about this theme were given.

E. Gonulol

2006-09-01

433

Guiding Students to Answers: Query Recommendation  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on a guided navigation system built on the textbook search engine developed at Anadolu University to support distance education students. The search engine uses Turkish Language specific language processing modules to enable searches over course material presented in Open Education Faculty textbooks. We implemented a guided…

Yilmazel, Ozgur

2011-01-01

434

Bone Mineral Density in Healthy Turkish Women  

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Full Text Available Most DXA (dual-energy x-ray absorbtiometry manufacturers are not able to provide specific reference values for their equipment yet. The mean bone mineral density can vary among different populations.The aim of this study was to identify local reference values from a group of Turkish women living in Istanbul, in order to compare with the results obtained from other countries. We measured BMD at the lumbar spine, proximal femur, forearm, and total body in 205 healthy women between ages 20?79. They are all residents in Istanbul. Bone mineral density measurement was performed by DXA equipment. All measurements were made by an experienced technician in our hospital, using the same DXA equipment. Subjects enrolled in the study also filled in a questionnaire before the test.The mean age at menopause was 46.29 (± 14.28 years. Peak bone mineral density values were obtained in the 20?39 year age group when measured at the ultradistal radius, however, peak values were in the 30?39 age group when measurements were made at other sites. The number of women who had bone loss was higher with the forearm measurements compared to measurements made from the spine and femur. Bone mineral density values measured from the spine, hip, and forearm in our study group were lower than the values from American and European women, on the other hand, total body bone mineral density values from our group were higher than the values reported from western countries. Bone mass from different populations varies due to genetic and geographical factors. We, therefore, suggest that each country should use their localized reference values for bone mineral density measurement.

Paker N

2005-01-01

435

Substance abuse: risk factors for Turkish youth  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Substance abuse amongst youth has been growing in developed and developing nations, including Turkey. This growth is related to a number of factors, not the least of which are forces associated with development, globalization, and youth culture. The identification of risk factors for youth substance abuse for particular populations is an important approach to the development of prevention and intervention strategies. Methods: We analyzed the data from a survey of 31,272 youth ages 14 to 18 years enrolled in high schools in Istanbul that covered the use of various substances as well as a number of demographic, socioeconomic, cultural, psychopathological, and psychosocial risk factors. Our data consisted of answers to similar questions that were asked in European School Survey Project (ESPAD, Youth in Europe (YIE, and Monitoring of the Future Survey and the National Household Survey in USA. We used binary logistic regression analyses to generate risk profiles for each of the following categories of lifetime use: tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, other illicit drugs, and multiple (two or more other illicit drugs. Results: We identified statistically significant risk profiles for these different substance categories. All the different risk factor categories contributed variably to the use of gateway drugs (tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and other illicits, but the multiple use of other illicit drugs was associated primarily with a narrower set of psychopathological (suicidality, irritability, and antisocial problems and psychosocial variables (family substance abuse and peer in?uence. Conclusions: These risk profiles share some commonality with those found amongst other populations. However, these unique risk profiles for Turkish youth can be useful in developing primary and secondary preventive interventions to address the growing substance use and abuse problems. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, focusing on time trends and risk factors of substance use in youth of emerging countries including Turkey, are needed.

andres j. pumariega

2014-01-01

436

Turkish Journal of Chemistry’nin Bibliyometrik Analizi / Bibliometric Analysis of Turkish Journal of Chemistry  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available [Turkish abstract]Bu makalede 1995 y?l?ndan beri Science Citation Index (SCI ve Chemical Abstracts taraf?ndan indekslenen Turkish Journal of Chemistry (TJC bibliyometrik aç?dan ele al?narak, bu dergide 1995-2007 y?llar? aras?nda yay?nlanan 861 makale incelenmi?tir. Ara?t?rmada cevap aranan sorular ?unlard?r: TJC’de en verimli yazarlar kimlerdir ve yazarlar aras?ndaki ili?ki durumu nedir? TJC’de çok yazarl?l?k durumu nedir? TJC’ye katk?da bulunan yazarlar?n kurumlar? nelerdir? TJC’de yay?nlanan makaleler Bradford, Lotka, Price Yasas? ve 80/20 Kural?’na uymakta m?d?r? TJC’de yazarlar?n at?f yapt?klar? kaynak türleri nelerdir? En s?k at?f yap?lan dergiler hangileridir? Yap?lan at?flar gözönüne al?d???nda Kimya alan?ndaki çekirdek dergiler hangileridir? TJC’de yay?nlanan makalelerin ald?klar? ortalama at?f say?s? nedir ve at?flarda y?llara göre bir art?? söz konusu mudur? Journal Citation Reports (JCR’da ve SCI’de TJC’nin yeri nedir? Yazarlara ve kurumlara özgü tekil sonuçlar, makalede aç?klanm??t?r. Di?er taraftan yazarlar?n durumu, Price ve Lotka Yasas? ve 80/20 Kural?’na uymamaktad?r., Öte yandan, TJC’de yap?lan at?flar?n Bradford Yasas?’na ve 80/20 Kural?’na uydu?u saptanm??t?r. Yazarlar a? analizi ile incelendi?inde ise, be? ve daha fazla makale ile katk?da bulunan yazarlar?n iki ayr? etkile?imli grup olu?turdu?u saptanm??t?r. TJC’ye yap?lan at?flar 1996 y?l?ndan beri istikrarl? bir at?? göstermektedir.[English abstract] This article dealing with the bibliometric analysis of 861 articles published between the years 1995-2007 of Turkish Journal of Chemistry which has been indexed by the Social Science Citation Index and Chemical Abstract since 1995. The following research questions have been discussed: Who are the most productive author? What is the relationship between the authors? What is the trend towards multiple authorships in TJC? What are the institutional affiliations of authors? Does the distribution of authors fit Bradford’s, Lotka’s and Price’s Law and 80/20 Rule? Which types of sources get cited more often in articles? Which journals are the most cited? According to cited journals what are the core journals in chemistry? With regard to impact factor, what is the place of TJC in JCR and SCI?The most productive authors are Sak?p Ali and ?hsan Çal??. Distribution of authors does not fit Bradford’s, Lotka’s and Price’s Law and 80/20 Rule, but distirbution of citations fit Bradford and 80/20 Rule. Contributors affiliated with Hacettepe University, Ankara University, and Ataturk University. Journals received %82 of all citations in the TJC. Turkish Journal of Chemistry, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Phytochemistry and Journal of Organic Chemistry were the most frequently cited journals. Number of references made to TJC has been growing consistently since 1996.

Hatice Gül?en Birinci

2008-10-01

437

Meanings Turkish people perceive in everyday occupations: Factor structure of Turkish OVal-pd.  

Science.gov (United States)

Occupational value with predefined items scale is an originally 26-item Swedish tool used to assess values people find in their everyday doings. The present study validated this scale on a Turkish sample and described the values that Turks perceived in their daily doings. The participants included a convenience sample of 446 adults with mean age 26 (SD?=?7.3). Initial item analysis followed by principal component analysis (Promax) and internal reliability analyses of the components were conducted. Statistics yielded a 19-item solution distributed across four factors. The Cronbach's alpha was .86, indicating good reliability. Confirming the earlier applications of the scale in the European and the American samples, factors related to recuperation, goal direction and social interaction emerged. Additionally, there appeared another occupational value subfactor, conservation, which did not show up in the Swedish and the American data analyses. PMID:24839209

Cicerali, Lütfiye K; Cicerali, Ensari; Eklund, Mona

2015-02-01

438

On the Universality of Language Comprehension Strategies: Evidence from Turkish  

Science.gov (United States)

A fundamental question in psycholinguistic research concerns the universality of comprehension strategies. We investigated this issue by examining the so-called "subject preference" in Turkish, a language which allows for a natural (unmarked) object reading of an initial ambiguous argument. Using event-related brain potentials (ERPs), we observed…

Demiral, Sukru Baris; Schlesewsky, Matthias; Bornkessel-Schlesewsky, Ina

2008-01-01

439

The Philosophy of Turkish National and Higher Education  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to establish whether the Basic Law of National Education and the Law of Higher Education, both of which give direction to the Turkish educational system, are based on any educational philosophy trends, and to what extent. For this purpose, both laws were investigated using the "document analysis" method. All the data obtained were…

Toprakci, Erdal; Buldu, Serkan; Bozpolat, Ebru; Oflaz, Gulcin; Dagdeviren, Iclal; Ture, Ersin

2013-01-01

440

Atlanto-Mediterranean Originated Decapod Crustaceans in the Turkish Seas  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Observations on the decapod fauna of Turkey were started in 1965. More recently, the results of all studies to date have been reviewed by Kocatas and Katagan (2003 and a total of 177 decapod species of Atlanto-Mediterranean origin have been identified from the Turkish Seas.

Ahmet Kocatas

2004-01-01