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Sample records for turkish 14-year-old students

  1. Development of a Sex Education Programme for 12-Year-Old to 14-Year-Old Turkish Adolescents

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    Cok, Figen; Gray, Lizbeth Ann

    2007-01-01

    Previous research has documented a need for the development of a sex education programme in Turkish schools in terms of adolescence readiness and the presence of misconceptions regarding critical aspects of sexual issues. Currently no school-based sex education is available for Turkish adolescents. This paper presents the development of a…

  2. Assessing metaphor comprehension as a metasemantic ability in students from 9-to-14 years-old.

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    Paolo Iliceto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a test for assessing metaphor comprehension (MCT in explicit linguistic form for subjects aged 9- to 14 years-old, i.e. in a transitional age where significant qualitative changes appear for this type of ability. Metaphor is viewed as a form of semantic conflict induced by the anomalous combination of the conventional meanings of its main constituents - tenor and vehicle - and metaphor comprehension is framed as a metasemantic ability based on the analysis of these meanings (Gombert 1990, that can have implications both for teaching and for learning strategies.The authors propose a functionalist piagetian frame, based on Piaget’s latest equilibration model (1975, for analysing how this semantic conflict can be faced and solved by children in the developmental span considered. The test is paper-and-pencil, composed of 12 items subdivided into 2 groups of metaphors: Psycho-physical (PP and Conceptual (C, mainly drawn and adapted to Italian language from international literature on metaphor comprehension. The sample is composed of 874 Italian children from 4th to 8th grade, with gender balance, of average social background. By means of Principal Components Analysis, with oblimin rotation, a two-factor solution emerged, that espouses the C/PP metaphors distinction. All corrected item-total correlation coefficients >.30 were representative and acceptable. Correlation coefficients between MCT and Standard progressive Matrices (SPM38 and some validated metalinguistic subtests were all significant at p <0.01 level, showing good convergent validity. Cronbach’s Alpha coefficients for the two subscales were: .62 (C, .51 (PP and .70 for MCT total score. Test-retest correlation oefficients for the two subscales were .79 (C, .69 (PP, and .83 for MCT total score. Cohen’s Kappa coefficients for interrater reliability are: .75 (4th-5th, .74 (6th, .67 (7th, .81 (8th. A twofactor ANOVA (gender and age showed that the test is gender-sensitive in favour of females but that age is an even stronger factor, which underlines the developmental character of the test. Limitations and possible research developments are analysed in the Discussion.

  3. THE RELATION OF 11-14 YEARS OLD STUDENTS MAP SKILLS AND THEIR ACHIEVEMENT LEVELS IN MATHEMATICS

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    Bülent AKSOY

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to elucidate the relation of 11-14 years old students mapping skills and their achievement levels in mathematics and investigate their mapping skills as regards to various variables. The study was carried out by the use of survey method. The data collection tool employed in the study was the achievement test developed by Sönmez (2010 upon 384 students studying in the central towns of Ankara province in 2012-2013 academic year. The sub problems of the study were solved by the use of t-test, One Way ANOVA and Pearson Correlation tests. The results of the study revealed that the scores of the students related to the all dimensions of the mapping skills of the students showed a positive in favor of the students studying in private schools .The mapping skills of the students did not show a significant difference in the dimensions of understanding the scale, location, and coordinate symbols. But there were significant differences in all other dimensions. Tukey Post Hoc test results showed that the differences were in favor of the 8th year students. Six mapping skills of the students at the secondary education level showed a medium level positive significant correlation with the mathematical achievement scores. In other words the increase in the mathematical achievement levels, increase their mapping skills in every dimensions.

  4. DEVELOPMENT OF THE PHYSICAL CAPABILITIES OF STUDENTS OF BOTH SEXES AGED FROM 6 TO 14 YEARS OLD

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    Seryozha Gontarev

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A research on 4,162 research participants, categorized into 9 age groups of males and 9 age groups of females, has been carried out. To realize the aim of the research, 3 motor skill tests have been applied: standing long jump, sit ups in 30 seconds and bent arm hang test. For all age categories the following calculations have been done to the three motor skill tests: basic statistical parameters, while the difference between the age categories and the sex of the participants is determined through a multivariate and univariate analysis of variance (MANOVA and ANOVA, and the LSD-Test. As both sexes become older, the indicators of physical capabilities increase constantly. The growth does not remain the same for all age categories. It rather shows periods of higher and lower intensity. This increase tends to appear the highest among girls when they are between 10 and 12 years old. For the boys the highest increase occurs when they are between 13 and 14 years old. There are statistically significant differences of the physical capabilities between all age categories of boys and girls, benefiting the male research participants.

  5. Disk degeneration in 14 year old children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports low back symptoms of 1,500 school children (14 years old) evaluated with a questionnaire and with a standardized clinical examination. Forty children who complained of recurrent and/or persistent low back pain and 40 matching symptomless controls were randomly chosen to undergo MR imaging of the lumbar spine. Premature disk degeneration was seen in 25.5% of asymptomatic children and in 40% of those with low back pain. The difference was statistically not significant. Disk degeneration is a surprisingly frequent MR finding in symptomless children. Premature disk degeneration may be the cause of low back pain in some children but is not always symptomatic in childhood

  6. Appreciation and implementation of the Krachtvoer healthy diet promotion programme for 12- to 14- year-old students of prevocational schools

    OpenAIRE

    Bessems Kathelijne MHH; Assema Patricia van; Martens Marloes K; Paulussen Theo GWM; Raaijmakers Lieke GM; De Vries Nanne K

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Krachtvoer is a school-based healthy diet programme, developed in 2001 and revised in 2007 to meet the needs of particular segments of the target population as well as a wider target group. The main aims of the present process evaluation of the revised programme were to examine student and teacher appreciation of the programme, completeness of and adherence to its implementation, and relations between appreciation and completeness of implementation. Methods Data were colle...

  7. Body adiposity and daily TV viewing in 11 to 14-year-old students at two schools in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil

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    Adair da Silva Lopes

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to analyze body adiposity, daily TV viewing and prevalence of obesity, and to identify associations between TV viewing and relative body fat in boys and girls aged 11 to 14 years attending two municipal schools in Campo Grande - Mato Grosso, Brazil. One school is located in the central region of the city and the other on the periphery. The sample, 109 boys and 116 girls, a total of 225 students, was made up of students from the municipal schools “Danda Nunes” and “Nazira Anache”. The following variables were recorded: weight (mc, height (est, triceps (tr, subscapular (se skinfolds and hours per day watching TV. It was concluded that relative body fat fi gures for the sample studied were not statistically different (p>0.05 for sex between the students of the central and peripheral schools. A prevalence of 25.86% of obesity was detected among the girls and 11.93% among the boys, confi rming published literature on the tendency of a larger accumulation of body fat among girls, mainly during and after the puberty. In this study it was not possible, with the sample used, to demonstrate an association between hours spent watching TV and relative body fat. It was observed that 60% of the girls and boys watch more than 3 hours of television a day, demonstrating the extended period that the children and adolescents remain physically inactive in front of the television. RESUMO Os objetivos deste estudo foram analisar a adiposidade corpórea e o tempo diário de assistência à TV; detectar a prevalência de obesidade; e associações entre tempo de assistência à TV e gordura corporal relativa em meninos e meninas, de 11 a 14 anos de idade, matriculados em duas escolas municipais de Campo Grande – MS, sendo uma localizada na região central da cidade e a outra na periferia. A amostra foi constituída pelos 225 alunos (109 do gênero masculino e 116 do gênero feminino das 5as e 6as séries das escolas Municipais Danda Nunes (central e Nazira Anache (periferia que estavam matriculados e presentes no dia da coleta dos dados. Foram mensuradas as variáveis: massa corporal (MC, estatura (EST , dobras cutâneas tricipital (TR e subescapular (SE, além da aplicação de um questionário com informações sobre o tempo de assistência à TV. Os resultados permitiram concluir que os valores da gordura corporal relativa, não diferiram estatisticamente (p>0,05 entre os escolares da escola central e da periferia em nenhum dos gênero. Foi detectada uma prevalência de 25,86% de obesidade no gênero feminino e 11,93% no masculino, confi rmando a tendência apresentada na literatura de um aumento crescente da obesidade em crianças e adolescentes e um maior acúmulo de gordura corporal no gênero feminino, principalmente durante e após a puberdade. Na presente pesquisa não se encontrou associações signifi cativas entre as variáveis horas de assistência a TV e gordura corporal relativa em nenhuma das escolas e em nenhum dos gêneros. Observou-se que 60 % dos escolares avaliados assistem mais de 3 horas de televisão por dia, demonstrando o longo período de tempo que as crianças e adolescentes têm permanecido em inatividade física, em frente ao aparelho de televisão.

  8. Evaluation of relationship between orthodontic treatment need according Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI and student's perception in 11-14 year old students in the city of Shiraz in 2012

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    Shahla Momeni Danaee

    2015-05-01

    Conclusion: The results revealed a significant relationship between the students' perception of need for treatment and professional assessment of need for orthodontic treatment based on DAI index (P = 0.002. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(5.000: 1056-1060

  9. CONTEMPORARY ISSUES OF TURKISH ACCORDING TO TURKISH STUDENT TEACHERS

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    Ali GÖÇER

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research, is assessment of student teachers’ the views on contemporary issues in Turkish. In this study, interviewing method within the framework of qualitative research was used. Research was carried out working group consisting of 72 Turkish student teachers in Faculty of Education Erciyes University. The working group was created having a specified goal and cluster sampling method. Descriptive statistical method was used the data analysis about Personal information of student teachers. The data obtained from the interviewing forms were analyzed through content analysis. The results of this study, According to Turkish student teachers the most important problems as the first three mentioned: “sloppy and incorrect use of Turkish language, (39 %”, “the use of foreign words/foreign language passion or affectation (29 %” and “teacher factor, the problems of teacher training programs, Turkish learning and teaching insufficiency (14%”.

  10. Prevalence of Allergic Rhinitis in 13-14 Year Old School Children in Hamedan

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    Mohsen Jari

    Full Text Available Objective: Allergic Rhinitis (AR is an inflammatory disorder of the nasal mucosa characterized by nasal congestion, rhinorrhea and itching and often accompanied by sneezing and conjunctival irritation. Two prerequisites for the expression of AR are sensitivity to an allergen and its presence in the environment. Recognition of allergens and removal and avoidance of them can decrease the prevalence of AR. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of AR in Hamedan, Iran, and recognition of effective factors involved in expression of AR.Methods: The study was undertaken between October 2005 and June 2006 among 13- to 14-year-old children in middle-schools of Hamedan. Data were collected using the standardized ISAAC written questionnaire for prevalence of AR and another questionnaire for effective factors on AR including gender, season of expression of AR, smoking parents, keeping pets and birds, apartment plants, breast milking and family size. In the second phase the students with AR were examined for signs of AR.Findings: A total of 1600 (900 girls and 700 boys children participated in the study. 17.7% of the children had symptoms of allergic rhinitis sometime in their life. There was no significant difference between prevalence of AR between boys and girls (18.6% in the boys and 17% in the girls (P>0.05. 37.2% of the cases were perennial and 62.8% of them were seasonal or mixed type. AR was more prevalent in spring (21%. The prevalence of the disease between students with smoking parents and non smoking parents were 30.6% and 11.2% respectively (P0.05. The most common signs of AR were allergic shiners (54% and clear and dilute nasal secretion (51%.Conclusion: Compared with previous studies conducted in other Iranian cities using similar method, the prevalence of allergic rhinitis was lower in Hamedan. The prevalence of AR may be reduced with avoidance of smoking and removal of pets.

  11. Cervical ankylosis following Grisel's syndrome in a 14-year-old boy with infectious mononucleosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation (Grisel's syndrome) is an uncommon complication of neck space infection or otolaryngologic procedures. It most frequently affects children, although it may occur in adults. We present a 14-year-old boy with Grisel's syndrome as a complication of infectious mononucleosis proceeding to cervical ankylosis. (orig.)

  12. Ethmoidal osteoid osteoma with orbital extension in a 14 years old boy

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    Rupa Maharjan; Prakash Adhikari; Bibhu Pradhan; NarmayaThapa

    2012-01-01

    Osteoid osteomas are small, benign osteoblastic lesions. Ethmoid bone osteoma has been very rarely reported. We report a rare case of osteoma of ethmoid sinus with orbital extension, in a 14-year-old boy. Excision of the tumor was conducted via external ethmoidectomy approach. Post-operative period was uneventful.

  13. Ethmoidal osteoid osteoma with orbital extension in a 14 years old boy

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    Rupa Maharjan

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Osteoid osteomas are small, benign osteoblastic lesions. Ethmoid bone osteoma has been very rarely reported. We report a rare case of osteoma of ethmoid sinus with orbital extension, in a 14-year-old boy. Excision of the tumor was conducted via external ethmoidectomy approach. Post-operative period was uneventful.

  14. RESPIRATORY PARAMETERS EFFICIENCY IN SPORTS RESULTS AMONG 14-YEAR OLD MALE AND FEMALE SWIMMERS

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    Dybinska Ewa

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to test fitness levels of chosen parameters in the respiratory system in comparison to sports results in a group of 100m medley 14-year old male and female swimmers. The main measurement method was based on immediate observation of the following variables: a The fitness level of particular parameters in the respiratory system, b The level of swimming fitness. Based on the detailed analysis of the chosen respiratory parameter levels among 14-year old male and female swimmers in relation to their sports result in 100m medley distance, the following general statements have been formulated: the average levels of the chosen respiratory parameters estimated, in most of the cases, above average, especially among female swimmers.

  15. School achievement in 14-year-old youths prenatally exposed to marijuana

    OpenAIRE

    Goldschmidt, Lidush; Richardson, Gale A.; Willford, Jennifer A.; Severtson, Stevan G.; Day, Nancy L.

    2011-01-01

    The relation between prenatal marijuana exposure (PME) and school achievement was evaluated in a sample of 524 14-year-olds. Women were recruited during pregnancy and assessed, along with their offspring, at multiple phases from infancy to early adulthood. The sample represents a low-income population. Half of the adolescents are male and 55% are African American. School achievement was assessed with the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT) Screener (Psychological Corporation, 1992). A...

  16. Airbag induced facial and bilateral ocular injuries in a 14-year-old child.

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    Alquraini, Talal A; Aggour, Mustafa A; Zamzam, Ahmed M

    2011-10-01

    Although air bags have reduced the incidence of fatal and severe injuries in automobile collisions, they have been shown to carry a risk of injury themselves. Ocular injury in particular can often be a direct consequence of air bag deployment. We report a 14-year-old child who sustained facial burn and bilateral ocular injuries affecting both the anterior and posterior segments due to an inflated air bag in a low speed motor vehicle accident. PMID:23960958

  17. 4D-flow MRI of double aortic arch in a 14-year-old patient

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    Al-Wakeel, Nadya; Kelle, Sebastian; Yigitbasi, Mustafa; Berger, Felix; Kuehne, Titus

    2014-01-01

    Double aortic arch is a rare congenital anomaly. It is usually diagnosed and surgically corrected at an early age due to symptoms as dyspnea and dysphagia caused by an obstruction of trachea and/or esophagus in the vascular ring. We present the case of an asymptomatic 14-year-old patient with complete double aortic arch as demonstrated by CMR. Blood flow in the right and left aortic arch was visualized and quantified by 4D-flow MRI.

  18. Bilateral myopic photorefractive keratectomy in a 14-year-old boy

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    Italo Giuffrè

    2010-01-01

    Context: Refractive surgery has been performed for more than 10 years. Laser-assisted intrastromal keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) may be used in accommodative esotropia either in adolescent or in adult patients. Some authors have shown that LASIK is safe, effective, and stable at 10 years follow-up post-surgery. Case report: A 14-year-old boy was admitted to our outpatient department on 08-01-2008. Together with his parents he asked for both eyes to be operated o...

  19. Invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl

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    Kim, Joo Yeon; Kim, Yun Ju; Kim, Sung Hun; Kang, Bong Joo [Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Song, Byung Joo [The Catholic University of Korea, Department of General Surgery, Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-11-15

    Breast cancer is rare in children and adolescents. In particular, there are very few cases of invasive ductal carcinoma in childhood. We report a case of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl presenting as a palpable mass. While the tumor demonstrated a relatively benign appearance on ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging revealed typical malignant features. Several polymorphisms of single nucleotide variation were observed on gene analysis. The patient underwent breast conserving surgery and received subsequent concurrent chemo-radiation therapy. An awareness that ductal carcinoma of the breast rarely occurs in children is important to detect early stage breast cancer. (orig.)

  20. Sarcoma botryoides in a 14 year old girl: a rare case

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    Salil Bindu Chakrabarty

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (Sarcoma botryoides of the uterine cervix is an uncommon entity. Because of extreme rarity its discussion has mainly been in the light of individual case reports. We report a case of a 14-year old female who presented with irregular vaginal bleeding and cervical polyp. Her biopsy specimen confirmed sarcoma botryoides and she underwent abdominal hysterectomy with wide excision of vaginal cuff after a multidisciplinary consultation. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2015; 4(3.000: 927-929

  1. Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students

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    Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

  2. Homework Motivation and Preferences of Turkish Students

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    Iflazoglu, Ayten; Hong, Eunsook

    2012-01-01

    Turkish students' motivation sources, organisational approaches, physical needs and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process were examined in 1776 students in Grades 5-8 from 10 randomly selected schools in two districts of a major urban city in Turkey. These constructs were examined to determine grade, gender,…

  3. Bilateral Epididymal Cyst in 14 year-old Boy: a case report

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    Yi?it Akin

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Bilateral epididymal cysts are rare in childhood. Clinically they may present as acute scrotum and should be differentiated from other pathologies. Here in, we report bilateral epididymal cysts in a 14-year-old boy. He was admitted to emergency department with symptoms of acute left scrotum. There was no history of trauma or infection. Blood analyses, including testis tumor markers were unremarkable. Bilateral epididymal cysts were diagnosed on ultrasonography evaluation. Medical treatment did not stop his scrotal pain. During scrotal exploration, there was no evidence of testicular torsion or any other pathology. An excision of cyst was performed. Histopathologically, the cyst wall was lined by columnar epithelia. As a result of these findings, a pathological diagnosis of epididymal cyst was made. The synchronized evaluation of clinical and ultrasonography findings with an appropriate histopathological evaluation can usually diagnose this rare pathology.

  4. Osteochondroma causing diaphragmatic rupture and bowel obstruction in a 14-year-old boy.

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    Abdullah, Fizan; Kanard, Robert; Femino, Dominic; Ford, Henri; Stein, James

    2006-04-01

    Exostosis, also known as osteochondroma, results from a disorder of the growth-plate where bone grows away from the growth axis and forms an irregular projection. This abnormality most commonly occurs around the femur, scapula, humerus, and ribs. Although hemothorax and diaphragmatic rupture are known complications of exostosis growth, we present herein the first known report of an inward-facing exostosis in a 14-year-old boy with hereditary multiple exostosis causing diaphragmatic rupture and a bowel obstruction requiring operation. Most exostoses are asymptomatic and as such require no further treatment. However, when they are threatening to cause mass effects (such as frictional bursitis, local entrapment of vessels, and tendons or nerves) or symptomatic, surgical resection is the appropriate treatment. PMID:16395607

  5. Frontal bone tuberculosis presenting with blindness in a 14-year-old girl: a case report

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    Shameem Mohammad

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The occurrence of tuberculosis in the flat bones of the skull is very rare. Only eight cases of tuberculosis of the frontal bone have been reported in the literature. Case presentation A 14-year-old girl of Asian ethnicity presented with gradual loss of vision. A computed tomography scan of her head showed a diffuse, homogeneously ill-defined hyperdense lesion of size 2.9 × 5.3 cm (anteroposterior × thickness involving the right orbit. Biopsy of the lesion confirmed the presence of epithelioid cells and Langerhans giant cells with caseous material. After surgical debridement with antitubercular treatment, the patient had an uneventful recovery. Conclusion Although rare, tuberculosis can affect the flat bones of the skull. Tuberculosis of the frontal bone can be included in the differential diagnosis of blindness.

  6. Study of weight, height, body mass index, energy and nutrients intake of 11-14 years old girls, Tehran

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    Sadeqipoor H

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available A descriptive, analytical cross-sectional syudy was conducted in 1996 on 350 female students 11-14 years old in the center of Tehran, Iran. The general objective was determining energy and nutrient intakes and weight, height and BMI (Body Mass Index of the girls, using anthropometric measurements, interviews (24-hour dietary recall and food consumption frequency, and the NCHS standards. The results were as follows: 1 Based on weight for age and the Z-score, 20% of the girls suffered from mild past and present malnutrition. 2 Based on height for age and BMI, 16.6%, 12.5%, and 1.3% suffered from mild past malnutrition, severe present malnutrition and overweight, respectively. 3 The height curves were normal, as compared to the respective standards. 4 The BMI curves were quite different from the respective standards. 5 On the whole, 53.7%, 49.7%, 86.0%, 59.0%, 67.7%, 76.5% and 88.0% of the girls had low intakes of energy, vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin B12, folic acid, calcium, and iron, respectively. 6 A positive linear correlation was observed between energy intake and height, vitamin A intake and weight, zinc intake and height, and carbohydrate intake and height.

  7. Bilateral myopic photorefractive keratectomy in a 14-year-old boy

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    Italo Giuffrè

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Refractive surgery has been performed for more than 10 years. Laser-assisted intrastromal keratomileusis (LASIK and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK may be used in accommodative esotropia either in adolescent or in adult patients. Some authors have shown that LASIK is safe, effective, and stable at 10 years follow-up post-surgery. Case report: A 14-year-old boy was admitted to our outpatient department on 08-01-2008. Together with his parents he asked for both eyes to be operated on by myopic PRK. On September 5th 2008 a myopic PRK was performed on his right eye and on September 12th 2008 on his left eye. A Bausch & Lomb Z172 excimer laser was used to perform a Planoscan procedure on both eyes. Uncorrected visual acuity was 1.0 after both procedures. The patient did not suffer pain, haze or glare in postoperative follow-up. Conclusion: Apart from the surgical technique, the author raises questions about the ethics of this procedure in a young boy.

  8. Dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in 4-14-year-old Danish children.

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    Rothausen, Berit W; Matthiessen, Jeppe; Andersen, Lene F; Brockhoff, Per B; Tetens, Inge

    2013-05-01

    Little is known about dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in children, and the aim of the present study was to investigate 4–14-year-old children's dietary patterns specifically on weekdays (Monday–Thursday) and weekend days (Saturday–Sunday). Dietary data were derived from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003–8, where a total of 784 children aged 4–14 years completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns in the age groups 4–6, 7–10 and 11–14 years. Consistently, two dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, emerged on both weekdays and weekend days. Factor scores from corresponding dietary patterns were significantly correlated between weekdays and weekend days with the exception of the ‘health conscious’ pattern in the 7–10-year-olds. Within each age group, children with high agreement for the ‘processed’ pattern had a significantly higher dietary energy density, which was reflected in significantly higher intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables, compared with children with high agreement for the ‘health conscious’ pattern (Phealth conscious’, were identified on both weekdays and weekend days for each age group. While overall major dietary patterns may somewhat track between weekdays and weekends, the specific foods actually eaten became less healthy during weekends. PMID:22958341

  9. Multiple osteolytic lesions in a 14-year-old boy with HIV disease

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    S Murugan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A 14 year old boy, said to have had multiple transfusions during infancy, was brought to the hospital for complaints of pain over right thigh for one week duration. MRI reveals multiple osteolytic lesions with enhancing hyperintense bone marrow lesions over iliac bones, right acetabulum and lumbar vertebral bodies and enlarged para-aortic, iliac and inguinal lymph nodes. CT of the whole body revealed osteolytic lesions on skull, mandible, right scapula, head of both humeri, L1 and L4 vertebrae, 5 th and 10 th ribs, both acetabulum and ala of sacrum along with enlargement of cervical, axillary and mesenteric, iliac and inguinal nodes. HIV ELISA was positive. Viral load was 141,700 copies/ml. CD4 count was 226 cells/mm 3 . Multiple biopsy from the lesions and bone marrow revealed no evidence of tuberculosis and malignancy. Now the boy is on ART (ZDV + 3TC + EFV since August 2013. His CD4 count improved and viral load became undetectable and he gained weight within 5 months of ART. Due to the rarity of its presentation, this case report is being reported.

  10. Lay Theories of Suicide in Turkish and American Students

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    Rheeda Walker; Faruk Gençöz; Sevginar Vatan; David Lester

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the lay theories of suicide held by Turkish and American respondents. Measures of attitudes toward suicide and of personality variables were administered to 330 Turkish undergraduates and 419 American undergraduates. Turkish students saw interpersonal factors as less important and societal factors as more important in causing suicide as compared to the American students, and they also reported more stigma toward attempted suicides. Personality correlat...

  11. Neurotropic T-cell-rich B-cell lymphoma in a 14-year-old Morgan gelding

    OpenAIRE

    Westerman, Trina L.; Poulsen, Keith P; Schlipf, John W.; Valentine, Beth A.

    2014-01-01

    A 14-year-old Morgan gelding was presented for progressive weakness and muscle atrophy. The horse was initially diagnosed with equine protozoal myelitis based on history, physical examination, and laboratory diagnostics. Despite therapy, the horse declined clinically and was euthanized. Necropsy revealed a rare form of neurotropic lymphoma, described in this report.

  12. Cervical ankylosis following Grisel's syndrome in a 14-year-old boy with infectious mononucleosis

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    Haidar, Salwa; Armstrong, Derek [Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Toronto, Ont. (Canada); Drake, James [Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Neurosurgery, Toronto (Canada)

    2005-03-01

    Non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation (Grisel's syndrome) is an uncommon complication of neck space infection or otolaryngologic procedures. It most frequently affects children, although it may occur in adults. We present a 14-year-old boy with Grisel's syndrome as a complication of infectious mononucleosis proceeding to cervical ankylosis. (orig.)

  13. Teaching Argument Writing to 7- to 14-Year-Olds: An International Review of the Evidence of Successful Practice

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    Andrews, Richard; Torgerson, Carole; Low, Graham; McGuinn, Nick

    2009-01-01

    A systematic review was undertaken in 2006 to answer the question "What is the evidence for successful practice in teaching and learning with regard to non-fiction writing (specifically argumentational writing) for 7- to 14-year-olds?", using EPPI-Centre methodology. Results showed that certain conditions have to be in place. These include: a…

  14. LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGY PREFERENCES OF TURKISH STUDENTS

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    Selma Deneme

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available A learning style is a preferred way of acquiring knowledge and processing information. Learning styles may differ depending on gender, age, or culture. Niles (1995 in his study “Cultural Differences in Learning Motivation and Learning Strategies” studied the cultural impact on learning strategies and found considerable differences between culturally different students.Providing evidence for the relationship between culture and learning strategy preference and use, this study aims at examining the use and preference of language learning strategies of Turkish students while they are learning English.

  15. Dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in 4–14-year-old Danish children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rothausen, Berit Worm; Matthiessen, Jeppe

    2013-01-01

    Little is known about dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in children, and the aim of the present study was to investigate 4–14-year-old children's dietary patterns specifically on weekdays (Monday–Thursday) and weekend days (Saturday–Sunday). Dietary data were derived from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003–8, where a total of 784 children aged 4–14 years completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns in the age groups 4–6, 7–10 and 11–14 years. Consistently, two dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, emerged on both weekdays and weekend days. Factor scores from corresponding dietary patterns were significantly correlated between weekdays and weekend days with the exception of the ‘health conscious’ pattern in the 7–10-year-olds. Within each age group, children with high agreement for the ‘processed’ pattern had a significantly higher dietary energy density, which was reflected insignificantly higher intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables, compared with children with high agreement for the ‘health conscious’ pattern (P < 0·05). Moreover, these variables indicated less healthy dietary intakes on weekend days than on weekdays for both patterns. In conclusion, two distinct dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, were identified on both weekdays and weekend days for each age group. While overall major dietary patterns may somewhat track between weekdays and weekends, the specific foods actually eaten became less healthy during weekends.

  16. Relationship between sleep duration and dietary intake in 4- to 14-year-old Danish children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoppe, Camilla; Rothausen, Berit Worm

    2013-01-01

    A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present crosssectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14-year-old children. No sex differences were found regarding age and sleep duration. Sleep duration was negatively correlated to age (? = –0·68; P < 0·001) and BMI (? = –0·41; P < 0·001). In multiple linear regression analyses, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake (b = –0·015; P = 0·20), but there was a trend towards a positive association with intake of dietary fibre (b = 0·006; P = 0·05) and vegetables (b = 0·011; P = 0·05), and a negative association with intake of poultry (b = –0·002; P = 0·02), and a trend towards a negative association with intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories’ (b = –0·01; P = 0·05). Furthermore, in a comparison of dietary intake between age-dependent tertiles of sleep duration, only intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories’ was significantly lower in long sleepers than in short and medium sleepers (P= 0·03). In conclusion, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake and the proposal that children with short sleep duration have less healthy eating habits than children with longer sleep duration was only weakly supported by the present findings.

  17. Atypical presentation of acute idiopathic megacolon in a 14-year-old patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Barakat

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In clinical practice the term “megacolon” is used to indicate a marked dilatation of the cecum and the sigmoid colon (>12 and 6.5 cm, respectively (1. From a clinical standpoint, a megacolon can be classified as chronic or acute depending on its clinical presentation. Chronic megacolon typically refers to a congenital disorder in which the enteric nervous system (ENS supplying the colon does not develop properly, thereby leaving the distal segments of the viscus without myenteric and submucosal ganglia (i.e. Hirschsprung’s disease (2. Other cases of non-aganglionic chronic megacolon can be secondary to variety of conditions such as Chagas’ disease and neurodegenerative diseases (e.g. Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, leading to or associated with ENS abnormalities (3. The acute form of megacolon, also referred to as Ogilvie’s syndrome, is characterized by a predominant involvement of the cecum and right colon usually affecting elderly patients undergoing surgery (e.g. orthopedic procedures or taking medications altering gut motility (e.g. opioids or antidepressants (4. Some forms of acute megacolon, however, can be idiopathic in origin since no underlying etiology can be identified. Patients with acute idiopathic megacolon usually have a longstanding history of constipation, often accompanied by laxative abuse, and their clinical presentation is characterized by abdominal distension and severe pain with radiological evidence of stool impacted in the colon and rectum (1, 4. The case herein reported represents an unusual form of acute idiopathic megacolon characterized by massive descending and sigmoid colon distension complicated with a volvulus in a 14-year-old boy with no Hirschsprung’s disease. In addition, just to increase the peculiarity of this case report, the patient had an unremarkable clinical record, and never suffered from chronic constipation in the past.

  18. Relationship between Anthropometric Parameters with Menarche Age of School Girls (11-14 Years Old in Shahroud

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehri Delvarian-Zadeh

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Though not impeding it, malnutrition during childhood delays the menarche age. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between anthropometric parameters with menarche age of adolescent (11-14- year old girls. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 418 middle school girls in Shahroud were randomly selected and studied. To demonstrate the participants, nutritional status, BMI was used for age, weight and stature, and then it was compared with NCHS standard. Results: It was revealed that the mean of BMI (body mass Index of menstruated girls was 19.8±3/1 and that of the non-menstruated participants was 17.6±3. The average menarche age turned to be 12.9±0.8. A significant relationship (P<0.0001 was found between age and incidence of menstruation. 47% of the participants experienced their menses in summer. The weight and height means of the menstruated participants were 48.7±8.5 kg and 156.9±6.7 cm respectively. A significant relationship (P=0.0001 was also found between weight, height, BMI and anthropometric parameters of the students, and their menstrual conditions. Statistical analysis also showed a significant relationship between menarche status and socioeconomic condition. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate a significant relationship between nutritional status and menarche age. Due to the importance of menarche age, its decline and creation of sexual desire, and noting the important effects of BMI and anthropometric parameters on menarche age, special attention should be paid to ideal weight, proper nutrition and sufficient physical activities in this high-risk group

  19. Counselling International Students in Turkish Universities: Current Status and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bektas, Dilek Yelda

    2008-01-01

    In the present study, the current status of international students and counselling services provided at Turkish universities is addressed. Firstly, a brief history of counselling and counselling services in Turkish universities is examined, leading to a consideration of the current status of international students and counselling services.…

  20. Development of Art Appreciation in 11-14 Year-Old Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duh, Matjaž; Zupancic, Tomaž; Cagran, Branka

    2014-01-01

    Modern art curricula derive from the assumption that visual arts education can be of a high quality only if productive and receptive artistic activities are implemented. In art education practice, we are able to follow incentives for artistic expression but pay less attention to developing art appreciation that is based on developing as subtle…

  1. Abnormal talk by a 14-year-old boy with hypersomnolence after a long-haul flight

    OpenAIRE

    Hurwitz, Brian; Richardson, Joshua

    2010-01-01

    This case alerts readers to the occurrence of grammatical, nonsensical speech in a 14-year-old boy, an alarming symptom. Speech of this sort may be caused by serious medical conditions such as cerebral irritation and acute confusional states, but in this case it was most probably part of a sleepwalking episode associated with jetlag. Abnormal speech during sleepwalking has been described, but it is not well characterised. This report of somniloquy offers some descriptive phenomenology for suc...

  2. Lay Theories of Suicide in Turkish and American Students

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    Rheeda Walker

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to compare the lay theories of suicide held by Turkish and American respondents. Measures of attitudes toward suicide and of personality variables were administered to 330 Turkish undergraduates and 419 American undergraduates. Turkish students saw interpersonal factors as less important and societal factors as more important in causing suicide as compared to the American students, and they also reported more stigma toward attempted suicides. Personality correlates of these attitudes were similar in the two groups. The similarities between the two groups of respondents in their theories of suicide outweighed thedifferences.

  3. Music Education Department students attitudes towards “Turkish Music History” course

    OpenAIRE

    Burçin Uçaner; Nezihe ?entürk

    2013-01-01

    This research was conducted in order to analyze the attitudes of second, third, and fourth grade students at the Faculty of Education, Department of Music Education towards the Turkish Music History course. Descriptive research methods with quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been adopted with an integrated approach. The sample group includes 871 second, third, and fourth students from Music Education Departments of 12 universities in Turkey. Data have been obtained via a Turkish Mu...

  4. Risk of Abnormal Eating Attitudes among Turkish Dietetic Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiziltan, Gul; Karabudak, Efsun

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of abnormal eating attitudes among Turkish dietetic students and the relations between nutrition education and eating attitudes. The study population was 568 female university students (248 dietetic students, 320 non-dietetic students). Two scales were used: Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26)…

  5. A Rare Case of Solitary Epidural Brain Metastasis of Neuroepithelioma Tumor in A 14 Years Old Man

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Barikbin

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available By definition, a peripheral neuroepithelioma is a primary neuroectodermal tumor (PNET arising from peripheral, nonautonomic neural tissue. PNETs are classified into central and peripheral types. Peripheral PNETs are unusual, often highly aggressive, malignant neoplasms, rarely presenting in the head and neck. Soft tissues PNETs arise from nonautonomic nervous system. In this case, we report a 14-years-old male known case of cervical soft tissue neuroepithelioma presenting with a rare form of metastatic disease as extra axial, epidural metastasis to the brain. On histochemichal analysis of this solitary metastasis, as well as original tumor specimens, markers consistent with PNET tumors were identified.

  6. Skin Picking in Turkish Students: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Gender Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calikusu, Celal; Kucukgoncu, Suat; Tecer, Ozlem; Bestepe, Emrem

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, triggers, and consequences of skin picking (SP) in a sample of Turkish university students, with an emphasis on gender differences. A total of 245 students from two universities in Turkey were assessed by using the Skin Picking Inventory. In total, 87.8% of the students…

  7. Understanding Metacognitive Knowledge of Turkish EFL Students in Secondary Education

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZ, Hüseyin

    2007-01-01

    This article reports on a study that investigated metacognitive knowledge or beliefs about languagelearning of 470 Turkish EFL learners in secondary education. The primary aims of the study were to explorewhat beliefs Turkish students in secondary education held about learning English as a foreign language (EFL),how their belief systems were organized and whether there were significant differences in belief systems amonglearner groups according to variables such as social and school contexts,...

  8. The Comparison of the Coping Strategies with Stress between the Students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and the Students from Turkish Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seher BALCI ÇEL?K

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to compare the coping strategies with stres of the students who are from the Turkish Republic and those of the Middle Asian Turkish Republics. The population of the study consists of the students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics at Ondokuz May?s University in 2004-2005 Academic Year. This study was carried out on a total number of 437 students; 125 of them are from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and 312 from Turkish Republic. In this study, to determine the level of stres, Coping Stres Scale (CSS developed by Türküm (2002 based on the Folkman and Lazarus Models was used. According to the results of MANOVA, there is no significant difference between the Coping Strategies with stres of the students from Turkish Republics and the students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics in terms of sub-scale.

  9. Attitudes of Turkish students towards markets: A comparison

    OpenAIRE

    Çokgezen, Murat

    2011-01-01

    This study evaluates attitudes of Turkish university students towards markets and the influence on these attitudes of studying in economics, and compares the results with those of students in other countries. It is found that the opinions of university students in Turkey about the justice of market relations are negative as compared to those of students from other countries, and that, unlike the case of other countries’ students, four years of study in an economics department does not change ...

  10. VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT OF TURKISH STUDENTS AGED BETWEEN 7 AND 9

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    Hülya P?LANCI

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The potential of thoughts which is possible for a person who speaks a particular language are accepted to be equal to the conceptual content of that language; “dictionary” containing the sum of the concepts. It means that “the things that a person can think are limited to the possibilities in the language he/she speaks and the thoughts of the person who speaks the language has to act within the limits of that language’s potential.”In terms of Turkish language, it is seen that Turkish sources in the form of general dictionary contain approximately 70.000 words as headwords. The headwords included in approximately 80.000-100.000 dictionaries and glossaries that are used in Anatolian dialects were not added to this number. However studies related to the vocabulary of children report that Turkish students do not benefit from the rich vocabulary of Turkish language. This paper aims to investigate Turkish student between the ages 7 and 9 during 3 years and reveal how they develop vocabulary. It is also aimed to determine the effects of variables on vocabulary development such as age, pre-knowledge, social environment, economic environment and education level. The study was conducted by the support of TÜB?TAK (The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkish, (TÜBITAK-SOBAG project No: 104K087.

  11. Dehiscence of corticosteroid-induced abdominal striae in a 14-year-old boy treated with bevacizumab for recurrent glioblastoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeler, Helen; Black, Jason; Webb, Suzanne; Shen, Han

    2012-07-01

    Corticosteroids have been the mainstay for management of cerebral edema caused by leaky angiogenic vessels associated with high-grade brain tumors since the early 1960s. Chronic corticosteroid use can cause iatrogenic Cushing syndrome, which is associated with weight gain and abdominal striae (striae distensae). The anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy, bevacizumab, has recently been introduced for the management of recurrent glioblastoma. Vascular endothelial growth factor plays multiple roles in wound healing, including promoting angiogenesis, acting as a chemo-attractant for inflammatory cells, and stimulating collagen production. We report the first pediatric case of a 14-year-old boy with corticosteroid-induced abdominal striae who developed ulceration and dehiscence of the striae following the introduction of bevacizumab therapy. The combination of high-dose corticosteroids and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy may cause significant complications, especially in children who are susceptible to abdominal striae and therefore should be avoided. PMID:22190499

  12. International Experiences of Turkish Student Teachers: A Multiple Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kizilaslan, Irem

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, countries around the world have promoted international experiences for student teachers' development of the knowledge and skills necessary in these interdependent and global times. Using a rigorous qualitative approach, this study explored 10 Turkish student teachers' international opportunities in several European countries…

  13. Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions of Geography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senyurt, Secil

    2014-01-01

    This study provides an in-depth investigation of Turkish primary school students' perceptions of geography. Gender differences in students' perceptions of geography were investigated, including definitions of geography and its field of study. The findings showed that "landforms," "our geographical regions/Turkey,"…

  14. Research Experiences for 14 Year Olds: preliminary report on the `Sky Explorer' pilot program at Springfield (MA) High School of Science and Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, G. E.

    1997-05-01

    This NSF supported program, emphasizing hands-on learning and observation with modern instruments, is described in its pilot phase, prior to being launched nationally. A group of 14 year old students are using a small (21 cm) computer controlled telescope and CCD camera to do: (1) a 'sky survey' of brighter celestial objects, finding, identifying, and learning about them, and accumulating a portfolio of images, (2) photometry of variable stars, reducing the data to get a light curve, and (3) learn modern computer-based communication/dissemination skills by posting images and data to a Web site they are designing (http://www.javanet.com/ sky) and contributing data to archives (e.g. AAVSO) via the Internet. To attract more interest to astronomy and science in general and have a wider impact on the school and surrounding community, peer teaching is used as a pedagogical technique and families are encouraged to participate. Students teach e.g. astronomy, software and computers, Internet, instrumentation, and observing to other students, parents and the community by means of daytime presentations of their results (images and data) and evening public viewing at the telescope, operating the equipment themselves. Students can contribute scientifically significant data and experience the `discovery' aspect of science through observing projects where a measurement is made. Their `informal education' activities also help improve the perception of science in general and astronomy in particular in society at large. This program could benefit from collaboration with astronomers wanting to organize geographically distributed observing campaigns coordinated over the Internet and willing to advise on promising observational programs for small telescopes in the context of current science.

  15. Wellness and Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oguz-Duran, Nagihan; Tezer, Esin

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the differences among 465 Turkish first year university students regarding overall wellness and four of its dimensions (cognitive emotional wellness-CEW, relational wellness-RW, life goal-LG, and physical wellness-PW) in terms of self-esteem levels and gender. The data were gathered by administering the Rosenberg…

  16. MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER WITHOUT PSYCHOTIC SYMPTOMS IN CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF 14 YEAR-OLD RAPE VICTIM.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andika Metrisiawan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Depression is a very large impact on the global disease that affects people worldwide.Lately, an estimated 350 million people suffering from depression. The World MentalHealth Survey in 17 countries stated that 1 in 20 people who reported experiencing adepressive episode in the last 1 year. Depressive disorders often appear early in life andcauses a decrease in a person's interest and often recurrent. For this reason it is said thatdepression is the leading cause of disability in relation to total annual loss due to disability.Therapy should be given a basic psychosocial support combined with antidepressantmedication or psychotherapy such as cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy or problem-solving treatment. This case report discusses the severe depression without psychotic symptoms in children under the age of 14 year-old rapevictim. In addition to the victim made an approach to the development of psychological 1 therapy is also given in the form of Psychotherapy and Pharmacotherapy ie 1 x 20 mgfluoxetine oral and Benzodiazepine 1 x 10 mg orally. 

  17. Cleidocranial dysplasia in a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl: clinical and radiological presentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare, autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia with a relatively mild course. The most characteristic symptoms are clavicle hypoplasia or aplasia, abnormalities in the skull ossification, and a variety of dental pathologies. The clinical course and radiological presentation of two cases (a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl) of CCD are presented. Among the characteristic phenotype features the patients demonstrated were abnormalities in the skull formation, with wide sutures and large, delayed closure of the fontanelles, additional Wormian bones, and significant dental abnormalities, in both cases with delayed eruption of teeth and, in the girl, intensive caries, cross bite, and impacted teeth. The boy presented hypoplasia of the clavicles, while aplastic clavicles were confirmed in the girl. In both cases clavicle defects resulted in descended shoulders with abnormal movement faculty. Metacarpal and phalangeal defects were also found in both children as well as abnormalities in pelvic structure, with wide pubic symphysis and vertical arrangement of the pelvic bones in the girl. CCD is a skeletal dysplasia with characteristic clinical and radiological presentation. Although the course of the disorder is relatively mild, early orthopedic, dental, and orthodontic care, as well as rehabilitation, are essential in limiting complications resulting from the congenital malformation of the skeletal system. (author)

  18. Comparison of participation between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers 8-14 years old in leisure activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madineh Hassani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Children's participation in leisure and recreational activities is associated with their well-being. The Purpose of this study was to compare of participation between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers 8-14 years old. Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, 30 children with cerebral palsy (mean age: 11 years  and 1 month from special education school and 30 typically developing peers (11 years  and 6 months from typical schools through convenient nonprobability sampling were selected. Participants were evaluated with the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE.The data were analyzed by spss17. Results: There were significant differences between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers (p= 0.000 in diversity scale. The intensity of participation in peer group was more than children with cerebral palsy p=0.000. No significant differences were found between the groups in the enjoyment. There were no significant main effects of gender, also significant interaction effect between group type and gender for CAPE variables. Conclusion: The participation of peer group in most activities was more than children with cerebral palsy. Physical disability can affect participation of children in everyday activities and socialization. Knowledge about participation of cerebral palsy children can help to health care professional to establish interventions that fit with children's preferences and can promote their health and participation.

  19. Bone dysplasia with optic atrophy, vascular malformation and seizures in a 14-year-old girl - a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The heritable skeletal dysplasias or osteochondrodysplasias are a large heterogeneous group of disorders associated with abnormal shape, growth, or integrity of bones. Osteopetrosis is a collective term for a range of sclerosing bone diseases with various degree of defective remodeling. Increased bone density is the predominant radiologic feature. The skull is often involved with basal sclerosis and the sinuses are obliterated. The most serious consequences of the osteopetroses are seen in the nervous system. Because of perturbed remodeling of the skull bones, many aspects of the brain and cranial nerve function are endangered. Cranial nerves, blood vessels and the spinal cord may be compressed by progressive occlusion of cranial foramina. Carious, misplaced teeth, dysplastic fingernails, tendency to pathologic fractures are the other clinical manifestations. The authors present a 14-year-old girl with dysmorphic features, optic atrophy, CNS vessel malformation, pathologic fractures and seizures. The girl had a wide range of clinical and radiographic symptoms of bone dysplasias together with a giant left internal carotid artery aneurysm and epilepsy. On the basis of clinical and radiological features, a disease belonging to the group of skeletal dysplasias was recognized in our patient. The configuration of the presented symptoms does not allow at the moment strict classification to hitherto determined forms of dysplasia. This leads to the necessity of extending diagnostics, especially by molecular tests, and further long-lasting observations, which perhaps would allow classification of the presented syndrome to one of the known groups, or determination of a new clinical entity. (author)

  20. LANGUAGE LEARNING IN SECOND LIFE: American and Turkish Students’ Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cem BALCIKANLI

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available There have been several attempts to integrate Web 2.0 technologies including podcasts, weblogs, wikis, and virtual 3D communities into language education thus far. Second Life, a virtual 3D community, might create unique opportunities for language learners specifically in the following ways: As a source of authentic interaction with target language speakers, a venue for language classes, and an autonomous study opportunity for learners. In this context, this study reports Second Life experiences of American students learning Turkish as a foreign language in the University of Florida, the USA and of Turkish students learning English as a foreign language at Gazi University, Turkey. The interviews demonstrated that both groups of students regarded Second Life as a contribution to authentic interaction with native language. Furthermore, the experiences indicated Second Life served as a good bridge for cultural competence and an inevitable tool to foster less threatened learning experiences despite challenges encountered on the way.

  1. Approaches to learning and academic performance of Turkish university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leyla Harputlu *

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports findings with regard to approaches to learning of Turkish students. The term “approaches to learning” refers to the idea that learners perceive and process information in very different ways. The study is set out to (i explore and describe the approaches of learning of university students; (ii explore the relationship between approaches to learning constructs, (iii explore how the learning approaches of Turkish higher education students in combination with gender and academic discipline, year affect and academic performance; Employing a correlational research design- 44-item 1995 version of the RASI and the cumulative grade point, the study was conducted in two departments in two institutions of higher education: one humanities and one engineering. Total 160 students participated. This paper discusses firstly the findings of this study in the light of other research carried out in this area and secondly, and more importantly, in the light of its contribution towards a better understanding of the learning needs of Turkish university students.

  2. Understanding Metacognitive Knowledge of Turkish EFL Students in Secondary Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin ÖZ

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available This article reports on a study that investigated metacognitive knowledge or beliefs about languagelearning of 470 Turkish EFL learners in secondary education. The primary aims of the study were to explorewhat beliefs Turkish students in secondary education held about learning English as a foreign language (EFL,how their belief systems were organized and whether there were significant differences in belief systems amonglearner groups according to variables such as social and school contexts, gender, age and grade level. Popularconceptions of language learning were collected using a structured questionnaire based on Horwitz’s BeliefsAbout Language Learning Inventory (BALLI (1987. An exploratory factor analysis was performed to identifyTurkish EFL learners’ patterns of beliefs about language learning. Subsequently, various statistical tests werecarried out to find out intra- and inter-group variability in belief categories. The results of this studydemonstrated that Turkish EFL learners have a broad range of conceptions both similar to and different fromthose reported in the current literature. It is further evident that learners’ metacognitive knowledge or beliefsabout language learning have variability in terms of social and educational contexts, age, gender, and stages oflanguage learning. The study also suggested that curriculum designers and decision-makers as well as languageinstructors attend to the accumulation of metacognitive knowledge or learner beliefs.

  3. Music Education Department students attitudes towards “Turkish Music History” course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burçin Uçaner

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted in order to analyze the attitudes of second, third, and fourth grade students at the Faculty of Education, Department of Music Education towards the Turkish Music History course. Descriptive research methods with quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been adopted with an integrated approach. The sample group includes 871 second, third, and fourth students from Music Education Departments of 12 universities in Turkey. Data have been obtained via a Turkish Music History Course Attitude Scale which was developed by the researcher. According to the findings of the research, students have stated that factors such as the inadequacy of the way the course was given, the attitude of the lecturer, the number of topics covered, the insipidity of the classes, the inappropriateness of the location and time of the classes, and the difficulty of the exams are the main reasons that negatively affected their attitudes. Nevertheless, they have stated that they enjoyed learning about Turkish music that the course contributed to their general knowledge and culture, that they liked the topics and that the course makes a positive impact on other courses; and they have made various suggestions.

  4. Difficulties Encountered by Both Teachers and Students in Teaching and Learning Turkish as a Second Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canbulat, Mehmet; Dilekçi, Atilla

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this research is to identify and suggest solutions to the problems experienced by students learning Turkish as a second language according to the opinions of both teachers and students evaluated. The research has been conducted among the classroom teachers, Turkish language teachers and the students attending the schools in…

  5. Field assessment of balance in 10 to 14 year old children, reproducibility and validity of the Nintendo Wii board

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Runge, Lisbeth; JØrgensen, Martin GrØnbech

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Because body proportions in childhood are different to those in adulthood, children have a relatively higher centre of mass location. This biomechanical difference and the fact that children's movements have not yet fully matured result in different sway performances in children and adults. When assessing static balance, it is essential to use objective, sensitive tools, and these types of measurement have previously been performed in laboratory settings. However, the emergence of technologies like the Nintendo Wii Board (NWB) might allow balance assessment in field settings. As the NWB has only been validated and tested for reproducibility in adults, the purpose of this study was to examine reproducibility and validity of the NWB in a field setting, in a population of children. METHODS: Fifty-four 10-14 year-olds from the CHAMPS-Study DK performed four different balance tests: bilateral stance with eyes open (1), unilateral stance on dominant (2) and non-dominant leg (3) with eyes open, and bilateral stance with eyes closed (4). Three rounds of the four tests were completed with the NWB and with a force platform (AMTI). To assess reproducibility, an intra-day test-retest design was applied with a two-hour break between sessions. RESULTS: Bland-Altman plots supplemented by Minimum Detectable Change (MDC) and concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) demonstrated satisfactory reproducibility for the NWB and the AMTI (MDC: 26.3-28.2%, CCC: 0.76-0.86) using Centre Of Pressure path Length as measurement parameter. Bland-Altman plots demonstrated satisfactory concurrent validity between the NWB and the AMTI, supplemented by satisfactory CCC in all tests (CCC: 0.74-0.87). The ranges of the limits of agreement in the validity study were comparable to the limits of agreement of the reproducibility study. CONCLUSION: Both NWB and AMTI have satisfactory reproducibility for testing static balance in a population of children. Concurrent validity of NWB compared with AMTI was satisfactory. Furthermore, the results from the concurrent validity study were comparable to the reproducibility results of the NWB and the AMTI. Thus, NWB has the potential to replace the AMTI in field settings in studies including children. Future studies are needed to examine intra-subject variability and to test the predictive validity of NWB.

  6. Shyness and cognitions: an examination of Turkish university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koydemir, Selda; Demir, Ayhan

    2008-11-01

    The authors aimed to examine the relation between shyness and dysfunctional relationship beliefs and to extend findings of previous studies to understand the role of fear of negative evaluation and self-esteem in shyness. Participants were 415 Turkish undergraduate students at Middle East Technical University. The participants completed Turkish versions of the J. M. Cheek and A. H. Buss (1981) Shyness Scale, the Interpersonal Cognitive Distortions Scale (Z. Hamamci & S. Büyükoztürk, 2004) the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (M. R. Leary, 1983), and the M. Rosenberg (1965) Self-Esteem Scale. Bivariate correlations showed that shyness had a significant positive correlation with unrealistic relationship expectations and interpersonal rejection. Fear of negative evaluation and self-esteem also had significant relations to shyness. A stepwise regression analysis indicated that fear of negative evaluation, self-esteem, and interpersonal rejection were significant predictors of shyness, and self-esteem was the best predictor. These results provided evidence of the role of distorted relationship beliefs, approval concerns, and self-evaluations in shyness for Turkish university students. The authors discuss the findings in terms of relevant literature and cultural issues. PMID:19049241

  7. The Importance of Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships for Turkish Students' Attitudes towards Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Telli, Sibel; den Brok, Perry; Cakiroglu, Jale

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine associations between Turkish high school students' perceptions of their science teachers' interpersonal behaviour and their attitudes towards science. Students' perceptions of the teacher-student interpersonal relationship were mapped with the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI), which uses two…

  8. An Investigation into Turkish EFL Students’ Attributions in Reading Comprehension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cevdet Y?lmaz

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Learner attributions, perceived causes of success and failure, have received considerable attention. However, very little research has been carried out in the area of learning foreign languages. This empiricalstudy investigated Turkish EFL students’ attributions in reading. The aims of the study were (1 to investigateuniversity students’ attributions for success and failures in second language reading and (2 to examine theways in which these vary according to gender, proficiency and teacher opinions. Student questionnairesidentified 13 common attributions. Also, 17 EFL teachers were asked to what they attributed student successand failure in reading. Many statistically significant differences were found between attribution and gender,proficiency, and between student and teacher opinions. The study concludes with a set of pedagogicalimplications for the teaching and learning of English reading.

  9. Effects of Differentiated Instruction on Students' Attitudes Towards Turkish Courses: An Action Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karadag, Ruhan; Yasar, Sefik

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the effects of differentiated instruction approach on students' attitudes in Turkish course. The study was carried out through an action research approach and conducted with the 5th grade students in Turkey. Data of the study were collected through Turkish Course Attitude Scale and semi-structured…

  10. High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

    2009-01-01

    Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ)…

  11. Moral Values – A Comparative Study: Romanian and Turkish Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia S?LCEANU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The moral values of 156 Romanian and Turkish students of psychology and educational sciences are investigated by using the Rokeach Values Inventory. The country and demographical differences are taken into consideration. The cultural statistical significant differences deal with terminal values such as equality, health, inner harmony, national security, salvation, self-respect, wisdom, a comfortable life and a world of peace, and also several instrumental values such as being capable, helpful, intellectual, loving, obedient, ambitious, logical and self-controlled. When considering demographical aspects, Romanian students from small and big cities exhibit statistically significant differences regarding the values of social recognition (terminal value and the intellect (instrumental value. Turkish students from big and small cities display statistically significant differences when it comes to items of a comfortable life and social recognition (terminal values and several instrumental values such as forgiveness, honesty, politeness and responsibility. The students coming from big cities, in both countries, display statistically significant differences concerning the previously mentioned terminal values of comfortable life, equality, exciting life, health, inner harmony, national security, pleasure, salvation, self-respect and wisdom, as well as the instrumental values of being ambitious, capable, helpful, intellectual, loving, loyal, obedient and polite. Those coming from the small towns of both countries appear to differ on the following terminal values: equality, health, inner harmony, national security, salvation and self-respect, but also on the instrumental values of being ambitious, helpful, honest, logical, loving, obedient, responsible and self-controlled. Possible explanations and consequences are discussed.

  12. HEALTH PROMOTING BEHAVIOURS OF TURKISH AND FOREIGNER UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    CO?KUN BETÜL; SARITA? NAZM?; YILDIZ KAD?R; YARDIMCI MEHMET

    2012-01-01

    AbstractPurpose: At this study, it was aimed to compare health promoting behaviors of Turkish (TS) and Foreigner (FS) students of university. Methods: At this study, 64 FS and 70 TS were participated voluntarily, mean age of FS and TS were 23,11 and 20,87 respectively. Volunteers were performed demographic questionnaire and Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale II (HLBS). 34 Foreigner participants were performed HLBS II inventory by post and 30 participants were performed by e-mail. Independent-t...

  13. Turkish Students' Ideas about Global Warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilinc, Ahmet; Stanisstreet, Martin; Boyes, Edward

    2008-01-01

    A questionnaire was used to explore the prevalence of ideas about global warming in Year 10 (age 15-16 years) school students in Turkey. The frequencies of individual scientific ideas and misconceptions about the causes, consequences and "cures" of global warming were identified. In addition, several general findings emerged from this study.…

  14. LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGY PREFERENCES OF TURKISH STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Selma Deneme

    2008-01-01

    A learning style is a preferred way of acquiring knowledge and processing information. Learning styles may differ depending on gender, age, or culture. Niles (1995) in his study “Cultural Differences in Learning Motivation and Learning Strategies” studied the cultural impact on learning strategies and found considerable differences between culturally different students.Providing evidence for the relationship between culture and learning strategy preference and use, this study aims at examinin...

  15. Arthroscopically assisted reduction and internal fixation of a femoral anterior cruciate ligament osteochondral avulsion fracture in a 14-year-old girl via transphyseal inside-out technique

    OpenAIRE

    Langenhan, Ronny; Baumann, Matthias; Hohendorff, Bernd; Probst, Axel; Trobisch, Per

    2013-01-01

    Femoral avulsion fracture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in children and adolescents is rare, and its arthroscopic treatment is even more so. A femoral avulsion fracture of the ACL of a 14-year-old girl was arthroscopically reduced and fixed by a Kirschner wire (K-wire) via an inside-out technique. A 1.4-mm K-wire was drilled inside-out into the osseous defect of the lateral femoral condyle under arthroscopic visualization. The avulsed fragment was reduced and then drilled retrograde...

  16. A huge ovarian mucinous cystadenoma in a 14-year-old premenarchal girl: review on ovarian mucinous tumor in premenarchal girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaman, Ay?e; Azili, Müjdem Nur; Boduro?lu, Esin Cengiz; Karaman, Ibrahim; Erdo?an, Derya; Cavu?o?lu, Yusuf Hakan; Aslan, Mustafa Kemal; Cakmak, Ozden

    2008-02-01

    Superficial epithelial ovarian tumors are unusual in adolescent girls (when compared with adult women) and extremely rare before menarche. Mucinous cystadenoma (MCA) in children that is a rare form of epithelial tumor is a benign cystic ovarian neoplasm. To our knowledge, there are only eight cases of mucinous cystadenoma, three of borderline mucinous cystadenoma, and three of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma reported in the English-language literature. We present a 14-year-old premenarchal girl with a giant ovarian mucinous cystadenoma. This review is supported by the finding that epithelial ovarian neoplasms are extremely rare prior to puberty and that only 14 mucinous tumors have been reported prior to menarche. PMID:18312801

  17. CT scan-guided percutaneous osteosynthesis of a complex, multifocal fracture of the pelvic girdle in a 14-year-old adolescent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on a 14-year-old girl with minimally displaced pelvic girdle and acetabular roof fracture following motor vehicle trauma, treated percutaneously under CT and C-arm fluoroscopic guidance by an interventional radiologist. After informed consent from the patient's parents, under surgical aseptic conditions and under general anesthesia, three screws were positioned adequately under dual guidance by a radiologist and without immediate or long-term complication. The patient was mobilized 48 h after the procedure and resumed normal activities after 1 month. Even though the technique has been described before on adults, to our knowledge this is the first time it has been described on a pediatric patient. (orig.)

  18. Condom-related beliefs among Turkish university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serap Bulduk

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Young people are at a high risk of contracting HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI. However, their rate of condom use is low. The purpose of the study is to investigate health beliefs affecting condom use among Turkish university students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from June to September of 2007. Two hundred and fifty-four (254 university students were interviewed using a questionnaire. A logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with condom use. Sixteen (16 percent of the females and 67 percent of the males used condoms during their last sexual intercourse. Failure to use a condom was related to a perceived reduction in sexual satisfaction [OR = 5.46 (1.69 – 17.60] and financial limitations [OR = 2.76 (1.46 – 5.20]. These data will be useful in designing and improving HIV/STD prevention programs in Turkey.

  19. Problematic internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and internet activities

    OpenAIRE

    Melih Derya Gürer; Erkan Tekinarslan

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.).Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610). The results indicate that the female students (N=358) had significantly...

  20. The Production of Turkish Relative Clauses in Second Language Acquisition: Overcoming Student Difficulties

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    Anjel Toczu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on teaching relative clauses (R.Cs in Turkish, a left-branching language, and discusses the relative difficulty of producing RCs in Turkish by English-speaking learners by investigating whether the production of subject relative clauses in Turkish is easier than that of the object relative clauses. It also offers suggestions as to how to help learners overcome these difficulties. Turkish and English belong to two different language families, Altaic and Inda-European respectively. This study lends further insight that Turkish does not have RCs similar to those found in Inda-European languages. Instead, in Turkish RCs comprise nominalized verbs and participles. The characteristics of Turkish are also explained such as its word order, agglutinating morphology, vowel and consonant harmony rules as well as case markers indicating grammatical relations between sentence constituents, which shed light to our understanding of RCs in Turkish. Data was collected through written and oral tasks from students enrolled in a military intensive Turkish language training program in the United States. Moreover, their performance was studied through classroom observations and one-on-one speaking activities.

  1. Socioeconomic differences in selected dietary habits among Norwegian 13–14 year-olds: a cross-sectional study

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    Madelene Skårdal

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Social inequalities in health are a major and even growing problem in all European countries. Objective: The aim of the present study was to describe 1 differences in dietary habits among Norwegian adolescents by gender and socioeconomic status; 2 differences in self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines among their parents according to socioeconomic status. Design: In 2012, a cross-sectional study where students filled in a web-based food frequency questionnaire at school was conducted in nine lower secondary schools in Vest-Agder County, Norway. Socioeconomic status (SES and knowledge of dietary guidelines were obtained from the parents using a web-based questionnaire. In total, 517 ninth-grade students (mean age 13.9 out of 742 invited students participated in the study, giving a participation rate of 69.7%. The total number of dyads with information on both parents and students was 308 (41.5%. Results: The findings indicate that there is a tendency for girls to have a healthier diet than boys, with greater intake of fruits and vegetables (girls intake in median 3.5 units per day and boys 2.9 units per day, and lower intake of soft drinks (girls 0.25 l in median versus boys 0.5 l per week. Students from families with higher SES reported a significant higher intake of vegetables and fish, and lower intake of soft drinks and fast food than those from lower SES. Parents with higher SES reported a significantly better knowledge of dietary guidelines compared to those with lower SES. Conclusions: Differences in dietary habits were found between groups of students by gender and SES. Differences were also found in parents’ self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines. This social patterning should be recognized in public health interventions.

  2. Socioeconomic differences in selected dietary habits among Norwegian 13–14 year-olds: a cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Madelene Skårdal; Inger Mari Western; Anne M. S. Ask; Øverby, Nina C

    2014-01-01

    Background: Social inequalities in health are a major and even growing problem in all European countries. Objective: The aim of the present study was to describe 1) differences in dietary habits among Norwegian adolescents by gender and socioeconomic status; 2) differences in self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines among their parents according to socioeconomic status. Design: In 2012, a cross-sectional study where students filled in a web-based food frequency questionnaire at school wa...

  3. Validity and Reliability of the QIDS-SR16-Turkish in Comparison with BDI-II-Turkish Among Young Outpatient Sample of Turkish University Students

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    Kurtulu? Öngel

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Ob­jec­ti­ve: To evaluate the validity and reliability of 16-item self-report version of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS-SR16 scale in comparison with BDI-II-Turkish (BDI-II-T in a young sample of Turkish university students.Met­hods: A slightly modified version of the QIDS-SR16-Turkish (QIDS-SR16-T available at www.ids-qids.org, along with the BDI-II-T, was administered to 628 young Turkish university students who attended the Family Health Center in Uluda? University Campus between February and April 2010. Descriptive analyses, Student’s t-test, receiver operating characteristic (ROC analysis, and confirmatory factor analyses were used in the study.Re­sults: The mean age of the participants was 21.1±2.16 (SD years; 67.8% were female and 32.2% were male. Cronbach’s ? coefficient for internal consistency of the QIDS-SR16-T was found to be 0.769. The mean item-total correlation was 0.45, ranging from 0.29 to 0.71. The correlation between the BDI-II-T and QIDS-SR16-T was 0.72. ROC curve analysis suggested 9 as the optimal cut-off for a clinical depression level for the QIDS-SR16-T. Conc­lu­si­on: We observed that the QIDS-SR16-T demonstrated good psychometric properties in a sample of young Turkish students and has convergent validity with the BDI-II-T, a widely used scale for depression. It is essential to diagnose reliably the major depressive disorder and to follow up the patients by valid screening instruments in primary care setting. The internal consistencies of the QIDS determined in studies from the United States were greater than our Cronbach’s ? coefficient, but there was no statistically significant difference between them (z=0.55, p>0.05. The QIDS-SR16-T can be reliably used in primary care settings. (Arc­hi­ves of Neu­ropsy­chi­atry 2012;49: 1-5

  4. CT scan-guided percutaneous osteosynthesis of a complex, multifocal fracture of the pelvic girdle in a 14-year-old adolescent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gagne, Pierre-Thomas; Bertrand, Anne-Sophie; Caudal, Amandine; El Hayek, Tony; Amoretti, Nicolas [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, Nice (France)

    2014-08-15

    We report on a 14-year-old girl with minimally displaced pelvic girdle and acetabular roof fracture following motor vehicle trauma, treated percutaneously under CT and C-arm fluoroscopic guidance by an interventional radiologist. After informed consent from the patient's parents, under surgical aseptic conditions and under general anesthesia, three screws were positioned adequately under dual guidance by a radiologist and without immediate or long-term complication. The patient was mobilized 48 h after the procedure and resumed normal activities after 1 month. Even though the technique has been described before on adults, to our knowledge this is the first time it has been described on a pediatric patient. (orig.)

  5. An EGS4-ready tomographic computational model of a 14-year-old female torso for calculating organ doses from CT examinations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fifty-four consecutive CT scans have been used to construct a tomographic computational model of a 14-year-old female torso suitable for the determination of organ doses from CT. The model, known as ADELAIDE, is in the form of an input file compatible with user codes based on XYZDOS.MOR from the readily available EGS4 Monte Carlo radiation transport code. ADELAIDE's dimensions are close to the Australian averages for her age so the model is representative of a 14-year-old girl. The realistic anatomy in the model differs considerably from that in Cristy's 15-year-old mathematical computational model by having realistically shaped organs that are appropriately located within a real external contour. Average absorbed dose to organs from simulated CT examinations of the chest and abdomen have been calculated for ADELAIDE using EGS4 within a geometry specific to the General Electric Hi-Speed Advantage CT scanner and using an x-ray spectrum calculated using data from the scanner's x-ray tube. The simulations include the scanner's beam shaping filter and patient table. It is suggested that the resulting values have fewer possible sources of uncertainty than organ doses derived from dose coefficients calculated for a MIRD style model with mathematical anatomy and a spectrum that may not match that of the scanner. The organ doses were normalized using the scanner's CTDI measured free-in-air and an EGS4 simulation of the CTDI measurement. Effective dose to the torso from 26-slice chest and 24-slice abdomen examinations (at 120 kV, 200 mAs, 7 mm slices) is 4.6±0.1mSv and 4.3±0.1mSv respectively. (author)

  6. Turkish Students' Science Performance and Related Factors in PISA 2006 and 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topçu, Mustafa Sami; Arikan, Serkan; Erbilgin, Evrim

    2015-01-01

    The OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) enables participating countries to monitor 15-year old students' progress in reading, mathematics, and science literacy. The present study investigates persistent factors that contribute to science performance of Turkish students in PISA 2006 and PISA 2009. Additionally,…

  7. Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions about Scientist and What Factors Affecting the Image of the Scientists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkmen, Hakan

    2008-01-01

    Students' views of science and scientists have been widely studied. The purpose of this study is to analyze image of scientist from drawn picture of scientists using The Draw-a-Scientist Test (DAST) by 5th grade students and to analyze where this image comes from students minds in changing Turkish educational perspective. Two hundred eighty seven…

  8. Factors Affecting the Mathematics Achievement of Turkish Students in PISA 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uysal, Sengül

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to analyze the effect of variables determining mathematics interest, mathematics self- concept, mathematics anxiety, teacher-student relation, classroom management and sense of belonging on the Mathematics achievement of Turkish students in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012. Structural equation modeling…

  9. Turkish University Students' Technology Use Profiles and Their Thoughts about Distance Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baran, Bahar; Kilic, Eylem; Bakar Corez, Aysegul; Cagiltay, Kursat

    2010-01-01

    This study presents the results of a survey implemented to investigate Turkish university students' technology use profile and their thoughts about distance education. The sample of the study is 6504 students from four universities in Turkey. The results of the study are reported in five main sections: 1) demographic information of the students

  10. Exploring academic procrastination among Turkish students: possible gender differences in prevalence and reasons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Ferrari, Joseph R

    2009-04-01

    The authors examined the prevalence of and reasons, or excuses, for academic procrastination as a function of gender and academic grade level. In Study 1, a factor analysis of responses by 203 Turkish undergraduate students to an academic procrastination measure provided evidence of reliability and validity for the revised scale. In Study 2,784 students (363 women, 421 men; M age = 20.6 years, SD age = 1.74 years) completed the validated Turkish Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students. The results were that 52% of students self-reported frequent academic procrastination, with male students reporting more frequent procrastination on academic tasks than female students. Significantly more female students than male students reported greater academic procrastination because of fear of failure and laziness; male students reported more academic procrastination as a result of risk taking and rebellion against control than did female students. PMID:19425360

  11. Parental education, body mass index and prevalence of obesity among 14-year-old boys between 1987 and 1997 in Wroclaw, Poland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main aim of this study was to examine changes in relative weight and prevalence of obesity across a ten-year period among 14-year-old boys according to parental education level. Data from two surveys, carried out in 1987 and 1997, of boys attending the 7th grade of primary schools in Wroclaw were used in the analysis. The heights and weights of 3165 boys aged 14 years selected from cohort of 6969 7th and 8th grade boys from all primary schools of the city Wroclaw were used. The data of the second sample of 14-year-old boys (n = 1014) were obtained from a health examination study carried out in the Silesian Centre for Preventive Medicine, 'DOLMED', in Wroclaw in 1997. All boys attended the 7th grade of 34 randomly selected primary schools from a total of 129 schools in the city of Wroclaw. Social status was assessed on the basis of parental education level scored to four categories: university, secondary school, trade school, and elementary school. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was defined as the percentage of children above the 85th and 95th percentiles of the body mass index (BMI), the means of which were 21.27 and 23.75 kg/m2 respectively. Prevalence of overweight among boys is slightly lower in the 1997 sample, whereas the prevalence of obesity shows the opposite trend and is higher by more than one percent in comparison with the 1987 sample. Similar trends of declining medians and increasing variance are observed in all educational groups. The differences in medians between the two samples within educational groups did not achieve statistical significance for the groups with parents with education at elementary level and fathers with university education. There is a trend toward increasing prevalence of obesity across the decade considered, according to father's education level. With respect to mother's education levels, the most dramatic changes in BMI and obesity occurred in the elementary education group, where the percentage of obese subjects increased more than twofold. A significant increase is also observed in the group with parents attaining university education

  12. Turkish College Students' Subjective Wellbeing in Regard to Psychological Strengths and Demographic Variables: Implications for College Counseling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivis-Cetinkaya, Rahsan

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated Turkish college students' subjective wellbeing in regard to psychological strength and demographic variables. A sample of Turkish college students (N?=?1,052) aged 17-32 (mean age = 21, SD = 1.79) was administered various psychological strength instruments--the Gratitude Scale, the Rosenberg Self Esteem Inventory, the…

  13. Experiences of Turkish Student Teachers in Pedagogy and Educational Technology during an Internship Program in the US

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, Ismail; Toy, Serkan

    2009-01-01

    This quantitative research study was conducted to examine technological and pedagogical experiences of Turkish student teachers in a US Department of State sponsored international internship program. The internship program had a specific emphasis on student-centered teaching and technology integration. Turkish interns completed a 6-week teaching…

  14. Premarital Sex, Social Support, Submissive Behaviors, and Loneliness among Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yalcin, Ilhan; Aricioglu, Ahu; Malkoc, Asude

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differences in social support, submissive behaviors, and loneliness existed among Turkish university students who had had premarital sexual intercourse and those who had not. Using self-reported questionnaires, students who had experienced sexual intercourse were contrasted with those who had…

  15. Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children.…

  16. The Effects of Impetuous, Exploratory, and Overall Indecisiveness on Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sari, Enver

    2007-01-01

    This research was conducted in order to determine the relationships between levels of indecisiveness and their self-esteem among Turkish university students. The study was designed and implemented in 2006 with 320 voluntary university students of whom 170 were females and 150 males in Giresun, Turkey. The Personal Indecisiveness Scale (PIS;…

  17. Relationships of Homework Motivation and Preferences to Homework Achievement and Attitudes in Turkish Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iflazoglu, Ayten; Hong, Eunsook

    2012-01-01

    Whether students' motivation, organizational approaches, physical needs, and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process predict homework achievement and attitudes toward homework was examined in 1,776 Turkish students in Grades 5 through 8. The Homework Motivation and Preference Questionnaire was utilized to assess…

  18. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Usage and Achievement of Turkish Students in Pisa 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aypay, Ahmet

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the ICT usage and academic achievement of Turkish students in PISA 2006 data. The sample of the study included 4942 students from 160 schools. Frequencies, independent samples t-tests, ANOVAs, pearson correlation coefficients, exploratory factor analysis, and regression analysis were used. A high percentage…

  19. Exploring Bilingualism in a Monolingual School System: Insights from Turkish and Native Students from Belgian Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agirdag, Orhan

    2010-01-01

    A growing body of empirical studies indicates the educational benefits of bilingualism. Despite this tendency, bilingual minority students are being pressured by school authorities to shed their mother tongues. We conducted qualitative interviews with Turkish-bilingual and native-monolingual students in Flemish (Belgium) secondary schools to…

  20. An Investigation of Problematic Internet Usage Behaviors on Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceyhan, Esra; Ceyhan, A. Aykut

    2007-01-01

    This research aims at examining the relationships between problematic internet usage (PIU) behavior and some demographic information and qualifications related to internet use of Turkish university students. The research was conducted with 2084 university students. Data was collected by means of Problematic Internet Usage Scale (Ceyhan, Ceyhan &…

  1. Chronic ileocolic intussusception due to transmural infiltration of diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 14-year-old boy: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saka, Ryuta; Sasaki, Takashi; Matsuda, Ikuo; Nose, Satoko; Onishi, Masafumi; Fujino, Tetsurou; Shimomura, Hideki; Otsuka, Yoshitoshi; Kajimoto, Noriko; Hirota, Seiichi; Oue, Takaharu

    2015-01-01

    Chronic intussusception, defined as intussusception continuing over 14 days, is rare in children. We herein report a case of chronic ileocolic intussusception caused by the transmural infiltration of diffuse large B cell lymphoma in a 14-year-old boy. The patient had been suffering from anorexia and intermittent abdominal pain for 5 weeks, during which his body weight decreased by around 7 kg. Upon admission to our hospital, ultrasonography and enhanced computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed ileocolic intussusception. A retrospective examination of abdominal CT led us to suspect that the intussusception had initially appeared 5 weeks before admission, presumably coinciding with the beginning of the patient's abdominal symptoms. Since hydrostatic reduction was unsuccessful, laparotomy was performed, which showed unreducible ileocolic intussusception with a marked edematous ileum and mesentery. Ileocecal resection without lymph node dissection was carried out, and a histological examination of the resected specimen revealed the transmural infiltration of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the terminal ileum. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful, and adjuvant chemotherapy was administered. This case illustrates the diagnostic challenges of confirming 'chronic' intussusception in older children. PMID:26207197

  2. Popliteal artery injury following traumatic knee joint dislocation in a 14-year-old boy: A case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cvetkovi? Slobodan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Posterior knee joint dislocation associated with injury of the popliteal artery in children is an extremely rare condition. Rapid diagnosis and treatment are essential for limb salvage and function. Case report. We reported a 14-year-old boy who suffered traumatic displacement of the right knee and contusion of the popliteal artery during motorcycle accident. The diagnosis was confirmed using Doppler and duplex ultrasonography and digital substraction transfemoral arteriography. The urgent surgical procedure was performed using posterior approach to the popliteal artery. During the surgical exploration, rupture of the posterior cruciate ligament associated with thrombosed popliteal artery have been found. The damaged popliteal artery was resected and replaced with autologous saphenous vein graft. The last stage of the procedure was a transosseous femoral fixation of posterior circuate ligament. A 3-year-follow-up after the surgery demonstrated intact arterial perfusion and very good function of the knee with a minimal difference as compared with the contralateral knee. Conclusion. Combined orthopedic and vascular injuries are very rare in children. They require combined treatment. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175008

  3. Traumatismos dentales en niños de 12 a 14 años en el municipio San José de las Lajas Traumatic dental injures in 12-14 years-old children from San José de las Lajas municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Gallego Rodríguez

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico retrospectivo en 1 280 alumnos, 679 varones y 601 hembras de las secundarias básicas del municipio San José de las Lajas, provincia de La Habana, cuyas edades oscilaron entre los 12 y 14 años de edad, para conocer los tipos, la prevalencia y la etiología de los traumatismos dentarios en los dientes antero-superiores. Se utilizó la clasificación de Andreassen para determinar los tipos de fracturas coronarias. La fractura simple de esmalte predominó, con el 63,1 %, la principal causa de traumatismos dentarios se debió a caídas (75,3 % seguidas de choques con personas u objetos inanimados (10,3 %; los varones sufrieron más lesiones en los dientes que las hembras (63,2 y 36,7 %, respectivamente. El diente más afectado fue el incisivo central derecho (47,4 %. La mayoría de los alumnos (77,1 % no concurrieron a las clínicas estomatológicas para recibir tratamiento.A prospective cross-sectional study of 1280 students (679 boys and 601 girls aged 12-14 years-old from high schools located in San José de las Lajas municipality, La Habana province was conducted. The objective was to find out types, prevalence and etiology of traumatic dental injures in upper anterior teeth. Andreassen´s classification was used to determine the type of dental fracture. Simple enamel fracture predominated (63.1%. The main cause of dental injures was fall (75.3% followed by collisions with persons or objects (10,3%. Boys experienced more injures than girls (63,2 vs. 36,7% did. The most affected tooth was right central incisor (47,4%. The majority of students (77,1% that suffered dental injures did not go to a dental clinic to be treated.

  4. Traumatismos dentales en niños de 12 a 14 años en el municipio San José de las Lajas / Traumatic dental injures in 12-14 years-old children from San José de las Lajas municipality

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jesús, Gallego Rodríguez; Roxana, Martínez Jacobo.

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico retrospectivo en 1 280 alumnos, 679 varones y 601 hembras de las secundarias básicas del municipio San José de las Lajas, provincia de La Habana, cuyas edades oscilaron entre los 12 y 14 años de edad, para conocer los tipos, la prevalencia y la etiología de los t [...] raumatismos dentarios en los dientes antero-superiores. Se utilizó la clasificación de Andreassen para determinar los tipos de fracturas coronarias. La fractura simple de esmalte predominó, con el 63,1 %, la principal causa de traumatismos dentarios se debió a caídas (75,3 %) seguidas de choques con personas u objetos inanimados (10,3 %); los varones sufrieron más lesiones en los dientes que las hembras (63,2 y 36,7 %, respectivamente). El diente más afectado fue el incisivo central derecho (47,4 %). La mayoría de los alumnos (77,1 %) no concurrieron a las clínicas estomatológicas para recibir tratamiento. Abstract in english A prospective cross-sectional study of 1280 students (679 boys and 601 girls) aged 12-14 years-old from high schools located in San José de las Lajas municipality, La Habana province was conducted. The objective was to find out types, prevalence and etiology of traumatic dental injures in upper ante [...] rior teeth. Andreassen´s classification was used to determine the type of dental fracture. Simple enamel fracture predominated (63.1%). The main cause of dental injures was fall (75.3%) followed by collisions with persons or objects (10,3%). Boys experienced more injures than girls (63,2 vs. 36,7%) did. The most affected tooth was right central incisor (47,4%). The majority of students (77,1%) that suffered dental injures did not go to a dental clinic to be treated.

  5. Início da vida sexual entre adolescentes (10 a 14 anos) e comportamentos em saúde / Sexual initiation among adolescents (10 to 14 years old) and health behaviors

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Helen, Gonçalves; Eduardo Coelho, Machado; Ana Luiza Gonçalves, Soares; Fabio Alberto, Camargo-Figuera; Lenise Menezes, Seering; Marília Arndt, Mesenburg; Marília Cruz, Guttier; Raquel Siqueira, Barcelos; Romina, Buffarini; Maria Cecília Formoso, Assunção; Pedro Curi, Hallal; Ana Maria Baptista, Menezes.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de início da vida sexual até os 14 anos de idade e fatores sociodemográficos e comportamentais relacionados à sua ocorrência. MÉTODOS: Em 2008, 4.325 adolescentes dos 5.249 pertencentes ao estudo de coorte de nascimentos de Pelotas, R [...] io Grande do Sul (1993) foram entrevistados. O início da vida sexual foi definido como primeira relação sexual ocorrida até os 14 anos. As informações foram obtidas através de questionários durante o acompanhamento de 2008, com entrevistas realizadas nos domicílios. As varáveis analisadas foram: cor da pele, índice de bens, escolaridade materna e do adolescente, uso experimental de cigarro e de álcool, episódio de embriaguez, uso de alguma droga ilícita pelo adolescente ou pelos amigos e envolvimento em brigas no último ano. Além dessas, foram analisados o uso de preservativos e contraceptivos, número de parceiros(as) e idade de iniciação sexual. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de iniciação sexual foi de 18,6%, sendo maior no sexo masculino, nos adolescentes com menor escolaridade, de baixo nível econômico e naqueles cujas mães tinham baixa escolaridade e tiveram filhos na adolescência. A prática sexual esteve relacionada às variáveis comportamentais analisadas. Na última relação sexual, 30% das entrevistadas não haviam usado métodos contraceptivos e 18% não usaram preservativos. Meninos referiram maior número de parceiros(as) sexuais do que meninas. CONCLUSÃO: Resultados apontam uma relação entre iniciação sexual (? 14 anos) e comportamentos vulneráveis à saúde. O não uso de preservativos e contraceptivos pode torná-los vulneráveis a experimentarem situações não desejadas. Estratégias educativas e socioculturais em saúde devem ser praticadas desde o início da adolescência. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of sexual initiation until the age of 14 years old, as well as sociodemographic and behavioral factors. METHODS: In 2008, 4,325 from the 5,249 adolescents of the 1993 birth cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, were interviewed. S [...] exual initiation was defined as the first intercourse up to the age of 14 years old. The information was obtained by interviewing adolescents in their houses, during the 2008 follow-up. The analyzed variables were: skin color, asset index, maternal and adolescents' schooling, experimental use of tobacco and alcohol, drunkenness episode, use of any illicit drug, illegal drug use by friends and involvement in fights during the past year. Use of condoms and contraceptive methods, number of partners and the age of sexual initiation were also analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of sexual initiation by the age of 14 was of 18.6%. Lower schooling, asset index and maternal education were related to higher prevalence of sexual initiation until the age of 14, as well as being male or being born to adolescent mothers. Sexual intercourse was also related to the behavioral variables analyzed. Among adolescent girls who had intercourse up to the age of 14, 30% did not use contraception and 18% did not use condoms in the last sexual intercourse. Boys reported a higher number of sexual partners than girls. CONCLUSION: The results suggest a relationship between sexual intercourse (? 14 years) and some health-risk behaviors. The non-use of condoms and contraceptives may make them vulnerable to experiencing unwanted situations. Education and sociocultural strategies for health should be implemented from the beginning of adolescence.

  6. Renal medullary AA amyloidosis, hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleated hepatocytes in a 14-year-old free-ranging lioness (Panthera leo

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    J.H. Williams

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available A 14-year-old lioness, originating from Etosha in Namibia, and a member of a pride in Pilanesberg National Park since translocation in 1994, was euthanased due to fight-related vertebral fracture and spinal injury, incurred approximately 6-8 weeks previously. Blood specimens collected at the time of death showed mild anaemia and a leukogram reflecting stress and chronic infection. Necropsy conducted within 2 hours of death was on a dehydrated, emaciated animal with hindquarter wasting and chronic traumatic friction injuries from dragging her hindlegs. There was cellulitis in the region of bite-wounds adjacent to the thoraco-lumbar vertebral fracture, at which site there was spinal cord compression, and there was marked intestinal helminthiasis. The outer renal medullae appeared pale and waxy and the liver was macroscopically unremarkable. Histopathology and electron microscopy of the kidneys revealed multifocal to coalescing deposits of proximal medullary interstitial amyloid, which fluoresced strongly with thioflavine T, and was sensitive to potassium permanganate treatment prior to Congo Red staining, thus indicating inflammatory (AA origin. There was diffuse hepatocyte dissociation, as well as numerous binucleated and scattered multinucleated (up to 8 nuclei/cell hepatocytes, with swollen hepatocyte mitochondria, in liver examined light microscopically. Ultrastructurally, the mono-, bi- and multinucleated hepatocytes contained multifocal irregular membrane-bound accumulations of finely-granular, amorphous material both intra-cytoplasmically and intra-nuclearly, as well as evidence of irreversible mitochondrial injury. The incidence and relevance in cats and other species of amyloidosis, particularly with renal medullary distribution, as well as of hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleation, as reported in selected literature, is briefly overviewed and their occurrence in this lioness is discussed.

  7. The biological age of 14-year-old boys and success in adult soccer: do early maturers predominate in the top-level game?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostojic, Sergej M; Castagna, Carlo; Calleja-González, Julio; Jukic, Igor; Idrizovic, Kemal; Stojanovic, Marko

    2014-01-01

    Talent identification and development in soccer is often biased by maturation-related differences of young athletes. However, there is no information available about success rates for youth maturing at different tempos to achieve success in elite adult soccer. The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of different maturational groups among boys playing soccer, and to track them for competence in adult performance. A prospective cohort study design was used to follow 55, 14-year-old boys playing in Serbian youth soccer Division I over eight years. At the age of 14, biological age using skeletal age rates was determined, and participants were categorized as early maturers (EaM), normal maturers (NoM), and late maturers (LaM). Game competence for adult soccer at age 22 was described as elite if an individual played for clubs competing in top-five international soccer leagues (La Liga, Premier League, Bundesliga, Serie A, and Ligue 1), and/or has become a member of an adult National team. Among boys in our study group, 43.8% were categorized as EaM, 35.4% as NoM, and 20.8% as LaM (P = 0.11). A significant difference in biological age was found among maturational groups at age 14, with EaM > NoM > LaM (P > 0.0001). When assessed for adult soccer competence, 33.3% of participants (16 out of 48 players) succeed in achieving elite level. Elite soccer competence acquired 60.1% players from the group of LaM, 38.1% from NoM, and 11.8% from EaM (P > 0.0001). Our comparative analysis suggests that soccer excludes early maturing boys and favors late maturing boys as level of performance increases. PMID:25295477

  8. LOCATION AS A COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE TO ATTRACT STUDENTS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY FROM A TURKISH FOUNDATION UNIVERSITY

    OpenAIRE

    Oya Tamtekin Ayd?n

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to reveal whether the location is a sustainable competitive advantage to attract the students or not. This study consists of a literature review about location in higher education area, research about a sample Turkish foundation university enrollment records and a survey on students attending a sample foundation university in Istanbul. The questionnaire method has been chosen in order to show the importance of location for a university. The students had been admit...

  9. Attitudes Towards Euthanasia among University Students: A Sample Based on Turkish Population

    OpenAIRE

    Ummuhan Bas Aslan; Ugur Cavlak

    2007-01-01

    In Turkey, euthanasia has not become a subject of public debate and concern. This study gives the results of Turkish university students on attitudes to euthanasia. The main aims of the study were: to assess the impact of type of education on attitudes towards euthanasia and to determine the influence of socio-demographics on attitudes of the students towards euthanasia. In total, 878 volunteered undergraduate registered students with the mean age of 21.13±1.92 year from six universities were...

  10. Turkish nursing students’ perceptions and experiences of bullying behavior in nursing education

    OpenAIRE

    Serap Palaz

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This descriptive study aimed to determine the bullying and harassment experiences of nursing students’ in various Nursing Schools in Turkey.  The types and frequency of bullying behaviors, the sources of bullying behaviors, and students’ emotions towards these experiences were investigated. Methods: Study participants were 370 undergraduate nursing students from four different Turkish Nursing Schools.  To estimate bullying at nursing school I used a short version of the Negative A...

  11. Differential Growth Patterns in Emerging Reading Skills of Turkish-German Bilingual and German Monolingual Primary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Limbird, Christina K.; Maluch, Jessica T.; Rjosk, Camilla; Stanat, Petra; Merkens, Hans

    2014-01-01

    Students from Turkish-speaking families are the largest minority language group in Germany. Yet, little is known about this group's literacy development. Using data from a 3-year longitudinal study, we examined whether the same base reading skills are involved in early reading comprehension of 100 Turkish-German bilingual and 69 German…

  12. Parental Communication and Perceived Parental Attitudes about Sexuality among Turkish College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topkaya, Nursel

    2012-01-01

    This current study was conducted to examine parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality with respect to gender among Turkish college students. Moreover, attitudes toward premarital sexuality with respect to gender were explored. A demographic data form, premarital sexual permissiveness scale, parental communication…

  13. Unethical Computer Using Behavior Scale: A Study of Reliability and Validity on Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Namlu, Aysen Gurcan; Odabasi, Hatice Ferhan

    2007-01-01

    This study was carried out in a Turkish university with 216 undergraduate students of computer technology as respondents. The study aimed to develop a scale (UECUBS) to determine the unethical computer use behavior. A factor analysis of the related items revealed that the factors were can be divided under five headings; intellectual property,…

  14. Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Civitci, Asim

    2010-01-01

    In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

  15. Turkish School Students and Global Warming: Beliefs and Willingness to Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilinc, Ahmet; Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin

    2011-01-01

    One aim of environmental education is to persuade people to act in more pro-environmental ways. However, there is not a linear relationship between environmental knowledge "in general" and a willingness to act pro-environmentally. This research explores, using a specially-devised questionnaire, Turkish school students' beliefs about the benefits…

  16. Problematic Internet Use among Turkish University Students: A Multidimensional Investigation Based on Demographics and Internet Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tekinarslan, Erkan; Gurer, Melih Derya

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the Turkish undergraduate university students' problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.). Moreover, the study explored some predictors of…

  17. Opinions of Instructors about Reading Skills of Syrian Students Learning Turkish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gün, Mesut

    2015-01-01

    The outbreak of domestic turmoil in Syria in 2011 forced Syrian people to seek refuge in the neighbouring countries, one of which was Turkey. This situation brought many problems, the primary of which was language. In this sense, teaching Turkish to Syrian students became a necessity. Therefore, conducting research on language skills was seriously…

  18. The Consequences of Internet Cafe use on Turkish College Students' Social Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koc, Mustafa; Ferneding, Karen Ann

    2007-01-01

    This paper draws on a part of the doctoral research study that investigates the potential impacts of Internet cafe use on Turkish college students' social capital. In this study, Internet cafe usage was portrayed by the amount of time spent and the frequency of online activities engaged at the cafes. Social capital, on the other hand, was…

  19. The Adaptation of Students’ Perceptions of College Teachers’ Pedagogical Content Knowledge Questionnaire into Turkish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat ÖZEL

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to adapt the questionnaire entitled “Assessing Students’ Perceptions of College Teachers’ Pedagogical Content Knowledge”, which was developed by Jang, Guan and Hsieh (2009, into Turkish. After obtaining the permission from the developers of the questionnaire, the items of the questionnaire were translated into Turkish by the authors of the present study. After this, the translation validity was asked English and Turkish language experts. The final form of the questionnaire was administered to a group of 587 preservice teachers. After the item-total correlations were calculated, varimax rotation technique was used to determine the factor values of the items. Later, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted in order to verify the structure of the questionnaire translated into Turkish. Based on these analyses, it was found that the adapted questionnaire into Turkish consisted of 28 items and gathered under two factors. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha for the whole survey was calculated as 0.923, and 0.905 and 0.804 for the sub-factors, respectively.

  20. INVESTIGATING HANDWRITING SKILLS OF TURKISH STUDENTS STUDYING IN THE GERMANY ELEMANTARY SCHOOL (GRUNDSCHULE: CASE OF STUTTGART

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    Suna ÖZTÜRK

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to investigate handwriting skills of Turkishstudents studying in the Germany elementary school (Grundschule. Participantswere 42 third and fourth grade Turkish students in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg.The data were collected through Writing Observation Protocol, and copying anddictating instruments. Findings illustrated that most of the students preferredappropriate body state, pencil holding and pencil grasping styles for their writingapplications. Additionally, most of the students preferred cursive, so much manuscript and a few mixed writing styles. It was also evidenced that most commonwriting errors were related to spelling and punctuation. Based on the findings, thisstudy suggested several implications to hand writing skills of Turkish students whoare studying in Germany.

  1. The relationship between body composition and physical fitness in 14 year old adolescents residing within the Tlokwe local municipality, South Africa: The PAHL study

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    Monyeki Makama

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the relationship between body composition and physical fitness in 14?year-old high school adolescents of South Africa. Baseline data from a longitudinal study on physical activity and health (PAHLS may provide valuable information for future studies, hence to inform public health policy makers. The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence of underweight, normal weight and overweight among adolescents aged 14?years in the Tlokwe Local Municipality of the North West Province of South Africa, and to assess the association between physical fitness and body composition separately for boys and girls, adjusted for race and locality. Methods Body weight, height and triceps, and subscapular skinfolds of 256 adolescents (100 boys and 156 girls aged 14?years were measured, and percentage body fat and body mass index (BMI were calculated. BMI was used to determine underweight, normal weight and overweight based on the standard criterion. Physical fitness was assessed by standing broad jump, bent arm hang and sit-ups according to the EUROFIT fitness standard procedures. Multinomial logistic regression analyses stratified for gender and adjusted for race (black or white, and the locality (urban or township of the schools were used to analyze the data. Results In the total group 35.9% were underweight and 13.7% overweight. Boys were more underweight (44% than girls (30.7%. The prevalence of overweight was 8% in boys and 17.3% in girls. BMI was strongly (p?=?0.01 related with percentage body fat. Strong and significant positive associations between physical fitness and BMI for the underweight girls with high physical fitness scores (OR, 10.69 [95%CI: 2.81-40.73], and overweight girls with high physical fitness scores (OR, 0.11 [95%CI: 0.03-0.50] were found. Non-significant weaker positive relationship between physical fitness and BMI for the underweight boys with high physical fitness scores (OR, 1.80 [95%CI: 0.63-5.09], and the overweight boys with high physical fitness scores (OR, 0.18 [95%CI: 0.02-1.78] were found. Conclusion Both underweight and overweight among boys and girls in Tlokwe Local Municipality exist, and their effects on physical fitness performances were also noticed. As such, strategic physical activity, interventions or follow-up studies recognizing this relationship particularly in the overweight adolescents are needed. In addition, authorities in health and education departments dealing with adolescents should make use of this evidence base information in policies development.

  2. A comparative study on family environment, self-concept and school performances of Turkish, German and foreign students living in Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Somcelik-Köksal, Aysegül

    2008-01-01

    There are 1.998.534 Turkish people living in Germany (Beauftragte der Bundesregierung für Ausländerfrage, 2002). According to Educational Department of Turkish Embassy in Berlin (2001), it is indicated that 517 552 Turkish students are attending to preschools, elementary schools, special education schools, and vocational schools. The most common problems of Turkish children, living as an immigrant, are feeling of insecurity, shyness, sociability, need for affection and feeling of loneliness ...

  3. Comportamiento de las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales en niños de 9 a 14 años / Behavior of dentomaxillofacial anomalies in children from 9 to 14 years old

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yairis, Duque Alberro; Arlene L, Corrales León; Yolaini, Pulido Valladares; Anay, Rezk Díaz.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales comprenden las alteraciones de crecimiento, desarrollo y fisiologísmo de los componentes anatómicos que conforman el sistema estomatognático. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 150 niños de 9 a 14 años de edad, de las escuelas atendidas en la Clínica [...] Estomatológica "Antonio Briones Montoto" de Pinar del Río, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2008 y julio de 2009, con el objetivo de identificar la prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales según las variables seleccionadas y el comportamiento según los antecedentes patológicos individuales. La muestra se seleccionó a través de un muestreo aleatorio estratificado proporcional al tamaño de los estratos. Los niños fueron examinados en sus aulas, con luz natural, usando depresores linguales. La información recogida fue recopilada en una base de datos mediante Microsoft Excel, y se procesó por el programa estadístico Statistical Package for the Social Science Versión 10.0 para Windows. Se realizó la comparación de proporciones de grupos independientes con el objetivo de determinar las variables de prevalencia más significativas y la prueba Ji cuadrado en su variante de independencia para verificar la relación entre las categorías seleccionadas. Las anomalías dentarias fueron las alteraciones más prevalentes. El sexo más afectado fue el masculino, así como el grupo de edades de 9-11 años. Entre los factores etiológicos estudiados los hábitos fueron los más frecuentes seguido de los agentes físicos. Se concluye que existe una alta prevalencia de anomalías dentarias en estrecha relación con los hábitos deformantes. Abstract in english Dentomaxillofacial anomalies include growing alterations, development and the physiology of the anatomical components that constitute the stomatognathic system. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with 150 children from 9 to 14 years old of the schools attending at "Antonio Briones Mo [...] ntoto" Dentist Clinic in Pinar del Rio, during January 2008-July 2009. The study was aimed at identifying the prevalence of dentomaxillofacial anomalies regarding chosen variables and the behavior according to individual past pathologies. The sample was taken using a stratified, at random, and proportional to the stratus size sampling. Children were examined in their classrooms, with natural light and using lingual depressor. The information was collected in a database by means of Microsoft Excel, processing it by the statistical program of Statistical Package for the Social Science, Version 10.0 to Windows. A comparison of proportions of independent groups was performed with the purpose of determining the most significant variables of prevalence and chi-square test in its variance of independence to verify the relation among the chosen categories. Dental anomalies were the most prevalent anomalies. Male sex and the age bracket of 9-11 prevailed. Among the etiological factors studied, the habits were the most frequent followed by physical agents; observing a high prevalence of dental anomalies in close relation to deforming habits.

  4. The Role of Student Background and Science Motivational Beliefs in Academic Expectations of Turkish Students in TIMSS 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Ta?, Yasemin

    2014-01-01

    The present study examined eight grade Turkish students’ academic expectations in relation to gender, home educational resources, family involvement, and motivational beliefs of self-efficacy and task value in science. Six thousand three hundred and thirty one students who participated in TIMSS 2011 consisted of the sample of the study. Logistic regression analyses results revealed that girls hold higher levels of expectations to attain university education than boys. Home educational resourc...

  5. Eating habits and lifestyle in a group Turkish primary education children

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    Nazan Erenoglu

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of child obesity is increasing rapidly worldwide as well as Turkey due to skipped main meals and increased snacking. The objectives were to study the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in a group of Turkish children, and to analyze the relationship between eating habits and lifestyle and obesity. Methods: The study was carried out in 6 schools in urban regions in the city of Eskisehir, Western Turkey between February and May2008. Atotal of 1421 students aged 7 - 14 years (708 boys and 713 girls were examined. Eating habits and life-style were obtained by evaluation of a standard set of 15 questions prepared using the literature. Results: Most obese students reported having a snack in the afternoon, not spending at least five hours of leisure time per week in physical activities, being high income level, that their mother’ education level was university, eating less fruits, eating less vegetables, having more dessert after any meal, eating more potato chips, watching television more, living a physically active life less, less breast feeding, that their father consumed alcohol, that their father was overweight/ obese, their mother wase overweight/obese (statistically important relationships for each one. Conclusions: A small portion of 7 - 14-year-old Turkish children are at increased health risk owing to overweight and obesity in an urban po- pulation in a developing country.

  6. TURKISH HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ CONSIDERATIONS, EXPECTATIONS AND AWARENESS ON DISTANCE EDUCATION

    OpenAIRE

    CAGILTAY, Kursat; Yavuz INAL; Karakus, Turkan

    2008-01-01

    Quality of distance education has been improving by technological developments, experiences of educators or experts and feedbacks of learners. In order to improve the quality issues in distance education, considerations of target audiences are gaining importance to understand their considerations that might be clue for developers. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate Turkish high school students’ considerations, expectations and awareness concerning distance edu...

  7. A Study on the Factors That Affect Turkish Students' Reading Comprehension Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Aslan Y.

    2011-01-01

    Most of us often seem to read a piece of text, but we usually ignore using essential reading strategies during reading process. Thus, in this study a great deal of information was given about effective reading strategies to comprehend a passage or any other reading material in both native and foreign language. This study aims to show the significance of reading comprehension and the factors that affect the reading comprehension of Turkish students who want to improve their proficiency while r...

  8. Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

    OpenAIRE

    Son Osman; Son Nazan; Ayranci Unal

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM) supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public uni...

  9. Reliability and validity of a Self-Efficacy Scale for AIDS Prevention among Turkish university students.

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    Serap Bulduk

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This study design determined the internal consistency, validity and factorial structure of the Turkish Self-Efficacy scale for AIDS (T-SEA-27. The 27 items scale firstly was translated into Turkish using back-translation method and the cultural equivalence was provided by expert views. Secondly, the psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on 507 university students. The test-retest reliability of the intraclass correlations was satisfactory in a subsample of 60 students tested after a 2-week interval. Psychometric analysis supported the reliability and validity of the T-SEA-27 scale and four subscales: refusing sexual intercourse (a= .97, questioning potential partners (a= .90, condom use (a= .74 and family related (a= .95. The self-efficacy score was significantly higher for those studying in health sciences, those who were not sexually active and the female students. Our outcomes showed that T-SEA-27 is a valid instrument in evaluating self-efficacy for HIV/AIDS in Turkish young people.

  10. A Comparative Study on American and Turkish Students? Self Esteem in Terms of Sport Participation: A Study on Psychological Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yigiter, Korkmaz

    2014-01-01

    The present research was conducted in order to compare self-esteem of American students with Turkish students in terms of the sport participation at the universities. For this purpose, a total of 460 students (M age = 19,61 ± 1,64) voluntarily participated in the study from two universities. As data collection tool, Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem…

  11. AN EVALUATION ON THE ATTITUDES OF THE STUDENTS IN SECONDARYEDUCATION TO TURKISH LITERATURE

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    Cem ERDEM

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The effective determination of education environment plays an important role in reaching the identified aims of educational activities. It can be said that the attitudes compose an important data area in turning the educational environments into these aims because attitudes which are psychological processes are directly related to success. The aim of this study is to determine the attitudes of the students in secondary education to Turkish Literature lessons. The working area designed in the survey model is composed of 400 students chosen from the secondary education in the central regions in Ankara. In this study, in determining reliability of the measurement results, Cronbach-Alfa methos is used and the value of Cronbach-Alfa is calculated as 71. It has been found out descriptive differences in the attitudes of the students in secondary education to Turkish Literature according to such factors as their type of school, class level and gender. It has been found out that the attitudes of the students in Anatolian Vocational High School and Anatolian Teacher Training High School are much more higher than the students in Anatolian and Science High School. Moreover, it has also been determined that the students consider the texts used in Turkish Literature classes as unexciting and tedious. As a result of these findings, it is suggested that the texts in the course books be prepared according to psychological conditions of the students and the necessary precautions be taken by the institutions which train teachers and related Ministries in order to increase the teachers’ competencies.

  12. Problematic Internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and Internet activities

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    Erkan Tekinarslan

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available  This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day, and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc..Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610. The results indicate that the female students (N=358 had significantly lower PIU levels on all dimensions (i.e., social comfort, loneliness/depression, diminished impulse control and distraction than those of the males (N=252. Furthermore, the results reveal that the students who use the Internet for entertainment (e.g., game chat and social networking purposes have significantly higher PIU levels on all dimensions than the students who do not use the Internet for such purposes. However, the students who use the Internet for educational purposes have a significantly lower PIU level on distraction dimension, and the students who use the Internet for information searching demonstrate a significantly lower PIU level on the dimension of diminished impulse control. Moreover, multiple regression analyses reveal that Internet activities such as chat, entertainment and social networking are significant predictors of the all dimensions of PIU.  

  13. Problematic internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and internet activities

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    Melih Derya Gürer

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day, and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc..Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610. The results indicate that the female students (N=358 had significantly lower PIU levels on all dimensions (i.e., social comfort, loneliness/depression, diminished impulse control and distraction than those of the males (N=252. Furthermore, the results reveal that the students who use the Internet for entertainment (e.g., game chat and social networking purposes have significantly higher PIU levels on all dimensions than the students who do not use the Internet for such purposes. However, the students who use the Internet for educational purposes have a significantly lower PIU level on distraction dimension, and the students who use the Internet for information searching demonstrate a significantly lower PIU level on the dimension of diminished impulse control. Moreover, multiple regression analyses reveal that Internet activities such as chat, entertainment and social networking are significant predictors of the all dimensions of PIU.

  14. The Relationships among Test Anxiety, Study Habits, Achievement, Motivation, and Academic Performance among Turkish High School Students

    OpenAIRE

    Ergene, Tuncay; Hacettepe Üniversitesi

    2011-01-01

    The relationships among study habits, test anxiety, achievement, motivation, and academic success were investigated in a Turkish tenth grade high school sample consisting of 510 participants, 267 (52.4%) of whom were females and 243 (47.6%) were males. The data were collected by the Turkish version of Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI), Study Habits Inventory (SHI) and Self Evaluation Inventory (SEI). Students’ GPA was accepted as the indicator of their academic success. Small but significant corre...

  15. Views of elementary and middle school Turkish students toward environmental issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Ozgul; Boone, William J.; Andersen, Hans O.

    2004-12-01

    This study was conducted in order to identify the intensity of Turkish students' views with regard to environmental issues presented in the national curriculum and to determine how these views differ by gender, grade level, previous science achievement, socio-economic status (SES), and school location. For this project, a 51-item Attitude Toward Environmental Issues Scale (ATEIS) was created and utilized. In total, the scale involved 30 distinct environmental issues. These environmental issues are emphasized in the current Turkish science education curriculum. A total of 458 students in grade 4-8 classrooms completed the scale. Rasch analysis results indicated that, in general, the students felt environmental problems should be confronted in Turkey. But when students were presented with a range of survey items stating that a particular environmental issue should take precedence over economic growth, it was often very difficult for students to agree. On the other hand, when students were simply presented a range of survey issues concerning environmental problems in Turkey, it was easy for them to agree with the presence (or importance) of these environmental issues in Turkey. Subsequent analysis suggested that the set of ATEIS survey items were understood and functioned in a similar measurement manner for male and female students, as well as elementary and middle school students. Results of ANOVA analyses indicated that recent high achievement in science courses resulted in more positive attitudes toward environmental issues. T-test analyses revealed that the older female students of this data set exhibited more support for environmental issues than did male students. Students with high family income, and those students living in urban areas, displayed more positive attitudes toward environmental issues than did students with low family income, and those living in suburban areas.

  16. The Effect of Turkish Folk Tales on Students’ Attitudes towards Human Values

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    Mustafa TAH?RO?LU

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study, it is aimed to investigate the effect of values education-related activities through Turkish folk tales on 8th graders’ attitudes towards human values. For this purpose, some Turkish folk tales which concentrate on responsibility, friendship/companionship, peace, respect, tolerance and honesty were selected and taught in accordance with the methods of values education. An experimental pre-test – post-test control group design was used in the study. There were 22 students in the experimental group and 20 students in the control group. To collect the data, the "Human Values Scale" was administered. Independent-samples t tests were used to analyze the data. As a result, significant differences were found in favor of the experimental group [t(40=8.899, p<0.05]. According to this, values education-related activities through Turkish Folk tales had positive impact on 8th graders’ attitudes towards human values such as responsibility, friendship / companionship, peace, respect, tolerance and honesty.

  17. Facebook addiction among Turkish college students: the role of psychological health, demographic, and usage characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koc, Mustafa; Gulyagci, Seval

    2013-04-01

    This study explored Facebook addiction among Turkish college students and its behavioral, demographic, and psychological health predictors. The Facebook Addiction Scale (FAS) was developed and its construct validity was assessed through factor analyses. A total of 447 students reported their personal information and Facebook usage and completed the FAS and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). The results revealed that weekly time commitment, social motives, severe depression, and anxiety and insomnia positively predicted Facebook addiction. Neither demographic variables nor the interactions of gender by usage characteristics were found to be significant predictors. PMID:23286695

  18. WRITTEN PEER FEEDBACK APPERANCES OF C1 LEVEL TURKISH LEARNING FOREIGN STUDENTS

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    Ergün HAMZADAYI

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research to describe various aspects of the process of writing foreign students learning Turkish in C1 level and the regulations that they provide feedback to their peers and to question the basis of the functionality of the peer review activities. Research was done with 32 students learning Turkish in the level of C1 and conducted content analysis on the feedback given by their peers. Feedbacks were classified according to their correct spelling consideration, types and wrightness with consideration of textual properties. The results were presented as percent and frequency. According to the findings total of 404 feedback given by students to the text and 5.69 % (23 feedback of the feedbacks were given to the correct spelling in the text. Another findings in the research there were 381 errors in texts and students gave feedbacks for 78.48 (299 feedbacks for them. On the other hand students gave %88.96 direct or corrective and 11.4 % indirect feedback. as a general according to the results peer review techniques could be effective activities in defining and correcting textual mistaken and advised to be used.

  19. Alcohol drinking behaviors among Turkish high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alika?ifo?lu, Müjgan; Erginöz, Ethem; Ercan, Oya; Uysal, Omer; Albayrak-Kaymak, Deniz; Ilter, Ozdemir

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, behavioral patterns and correlates of regular alcohol drinking in high school students. This cross-sectional study involved the completion of a modified version of "Health Behavior in School Age Children" (HBSC 1997/1998) questionnaire by 4,153 grade 9-11 students from 26 randomly selected high schools in Istanbul. Chi-square test, Spearman correlation test and forward stepwise multiple logistic regression model were used for statistical analyses as appropriate. Overall, 61% of students were experimental drinkers, and 46% of the students were current drinkers. There was a significant difference between female and male students with respect to reporting current alcohol drinking at grade 9 and 11 (p > 0.05 for each comparison). Regular drinking was reported by 6% of students. Male students were more likely than female students to report regular drinking at each grade (p bullying others, being sexually active, playing computer games > or = 4 h/week, exercising or = four evenings with friends, at ease in talking to same gender friends, tiredness in the morning, perceived as good-looking/beautiful, higher educational level of the mother and perceived poor academic achievement. The results of this study showed that alcohol consumption is prevalent among high school students. There is therefore a need for school-based alcohol prevention programs which also deal with family and peer influences on drinking. PMID:15074374

  20. Exploring Turkish Social Studies Student Teachers' Development of Identity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özbas, Banu Çulha

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore professional identity development among social studies student teachers in a four-year teacher education program in Turkey. Fifty-five student teachers participated in the study. Data were collected about their metaphorical images about teachers and social studies teachers and a series of in-depth interviews…

  1. Gender, Gender Roles Affecting Mate Preferences in Turkish College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gazioglu, A. Esra Ismen

    2008-01-01

    The subject of this study is gender and gender roles affecting mate preferences. The sample of the study consists of 300 undergraduates and master students. To identify students' gender roles the Sex Role Evaluation Inventory (Bem, 1974) is used. The Question List (Bacanli 2001; Buss et. al., 1990) is applied to the sample group to determine the…

  2. The Views of Student-Teachers Attending a Turkish University on Discrimination Related to the Education of Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murat, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    The current study aims to highlight how Turkish students perceive important issues such as discrimination against women, violence that surfaced as a result of discrimination, alienation, inequality between men and women and isolation of women from work life. A total of 50 students participated in the study. Individual interviews were conducted.…

  3. The Effect of Turkish Students' Motivational Beliefs on Their Metacognitive Self-Regulation in Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurcay, Deniz; Balta, Ebru

    2013-01-01

    It is emphasized in several studies that both domain specific factors and cultural values and beliefs could have an effect on students' metacognitive self-regulation and motivational beliefs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of motivational beliefs on Turkish students' metacognitive self-regulation in physics courses.…

  4. Effects of Screencasting on the Turkish Undergraduate Students' Achievement and Knowledge Acquisitions in Spreadsheet Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tekinarslan, Erkan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of screencasts on the Turkish undergraduate students' achievement and knowledge acquisitions in spreadsheet applications. The methodology of the study is based on a pretest-posttest experimental design with a control group. A total of 66 undergraduate students in two groups (n = 33 in…

  5. Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale in University Students

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    Erguvan Tu?ba ÖZEL KIZIL

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Perceptual aberration is an important dimension of schizotypy which has been considered as a clinical determinant of psychosis proneness. The present study aimed to explore the validity and the reliability of the Turkish version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale. Methods: Internal consistency of the Perceptual Aberration Scale was studied in 222 university students and for test-retest reliability, the scale was readministered to 105 students. Convergent validity of the scale was measured by the Magical Ideation Scale in 128 students.Results: The internal consistency of the scale was Cronbach’s alpha=0.90 and the test-retest reliability was r=0.59. The convergent validity of the scale was established by a significant correlation between the scores of the Magical Ideation Scale and the Perceptual Aberration Scale.Discussion: The Turkish version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale is a reliable instrument, which can be used to quantify the important dimension of schizotypy in university students. The scale should be validated in community-based samples and also the predictive validity of the scale should be investigated. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2009; 46 Supplement: 49-53

  6. Food Attitudes towards Food Safety Concept among Turkish University Students

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    Nihat Aycan

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated university students? food choices focusing on their reported usual intake and food safety perceptions and conducted at Manisa Celal Bayar University Engineering Faculty, Science and Art Faculty and Education Faculty students. The present study primary investigated how affects the storage style, manufacturing qualification, shelf life and food safety concept, advertisement effect on consuming, natural and fortificated foods to university students. Meanwhile, faculty differences, sex (male, female and age differences, living area, family features (parent living style, education, brother and sister number etc. of students were determined. In addition, consuming frequency of extensively consumed beverages (soft drinks, cola, tea, coffee, alcoholic drinks and bread as main consuming food were investigated based on sex and faculty criteria as daily, weekly, monthly.

  7. Smoking at School: Views of Turkish University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Nazmiye Erdogan; Irfan Erdogan

    2008-01-01

    The recent interest in cigarette smoking among university students has brought attention to problems concerning opinions, attitudes, prevention, health education, policy formulation and implementation. This survey research tested five hypotheses on the views of college students about smoking in school hallways and cafeteria, compliance with anti smoking laws, considering cigarette smoking as an expression of freedom of choice, teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices, and sch...

  8. The Role of University Education in Changing the Gender Role Perceptions of Turkish ELT Student Teachers

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    ?rem KIZILASLAN

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Despite recent improvements in demographics and educational outcomes, it is still the case that traditional expectations and attitudes toward gender roles in the Turkish society have been preserved to a great extent. Given this current position of Turkey in terms of gender issues, the transformative power of education, especially of teachers, could be emphasized more strongly at all levels of education. Therefore, it is important that teachers are trained to identify and counter gender bias to help fight the problem of sexism prevalent in the country. The purpose of this study was to compare the gender role perceptions and gender role classifications of first-year and fourth year English language teaching (ELT student teachers and to identify any difference between the two groups. The sample (N=204 for the present study was obtained from a large state university in western Turkey. Gender role orientation was assessed with the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI, Bem 1974. Findings have indicated that male student teachers still have a traditional perspective on gender roles and that university education does not seem to have a role in changing their existing value judgments in relation to gender. On the other hand, Turkish female students have adopted a more masculine gender role within the four years of their university education. Implications are included for teacher education institutions in Turkey.

  9. What Are the Thinking Styles of Turkish Student Teachers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fer, Seval

    2007-01-01

    Background: The Thinking Styles Inventory--developed by Sternberg and Wagner based on Sternberg's (1988, 1997) earlier theory of mental self-government--was selected for the research in order to assess thinking styles of student teachers. Another reason is that the theoretical constructs, as well as the inventory generated from the theory, have…

  10. Beliefs towards mental illness in Turkish physiotherapy students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Meric; Demirbuken, Ilksan; Balci, Birgul; Yurdalan, Ufuk

    2015-10-01

    Mental health is a new area of specialization for physiotherapists. However, they usually meet patients with psychiatric co-morbidities secondary to other chronic diseases. It is important to explore the beliefs of future physiotherapists regarding mental illness in order to implement effective strategies to avoid possible stigmatizing attitudes that may interfere with the rehabilitation process. Moreover, the psychiatric field should be introduced to physiotherapists as a clinical and research area. Therefore, we aimed to question the beliefs of physiotherapy students regarding mental illness using the Beliefs towards Mental Illness Scale in two different universities in Turkey. The total score of 524 students was 46.5?±?14.5 out of 105 while the Dangerousness Subscale score was 21.2?±?5.8/40; Incurability and Poor Social and Interpersonal Skills Subscale score was 24.2?±?9.3/55 and Shame Subscale score was 1.1?±?1.9/10. Students who had a relationship with an individual having a mental problem and students who had consulted a psychiatrist/psychologist for any mental problem showed more positive beliefs. Future physiotherapists should be informed and trained regarding people with mental illness both to avoid stigma and to be aware of this area in physiotherapy settings. Therefore, it is important to implement new curricula for schools providing physiotherapy education including courses, lectures and clinical practices in the psychiatry field. PMID:26200436

  11. Prevalence of depression among Turkish University Students and related factors

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    Fatma Akpinar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This investigation was performed to determine the prevalence rate of depression and its correlates in students at Erciyes University. Method: A total of 1003 university students at the Medical, Theology and Engineering Faculties of Erciyes University in Kayseri, Turkey were included in the study. A socio–demographic questionnaire and a Beck Depression Inventory were completed by the students. An unpaired t test, a one way ANOVA test and a logistic regression analysis were used for the statistical analyses. Results: Total numbers of male and female students in the study group were similar and the mean age was 20.3±1.8. The mean Back Depression Inventory Beck Depression Inventory score was 11.3±8.6 points and prevalence rate of depression (Beck Depression Inventory ?17 was 21.2%. The Mean Beck Depression Inventory score and depression prevalence were found higher among the students who had a physical illness, who were not satisfied with their body image or their faculty and who rated the economic level of their families as poor. Conclusion: It was concluded that approximately one–fifth of the students had depression. For the students, studying in a faculty which they are not satisfied is a major factor affecting depression. A better leadership should be provided for the students during the faculty selection procedure. Key Words: University student, depression, Beck Depression Inventory Üniversite ö?rencilerinde depresyon prevalans? ve ili?kili faktörler Amaç: Bu çal??ma, Erciyes Üniversitesi ö?rencilerinde depresyon prevalans?n? ve bununla ili?kili faktörleri belirlemek amac?yla yap?lm??t?r. Yöntem: Erciyes Üniversitesinin T?p, ?lahiyat ve Mühendislik fakültelerinde okuyan toplam 1003 ö?renci ara?t?rma kapsam?na al?nd?. Ö?rencilere sosyo-demografik anket ve Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i uyguland?. Verilerin istatistiksel analizinde unpaired t testi, tek yönlü ANOVA testi ve logistik regresyon analizi uyguland?. Bulgular: Ara?t?rma grubundaki erkek ve k?z ö?renci say?lar? birbirine yak?nd? ve ya? ortalamas? 20.3±1.8 olarak belirlendi. Ortalama BDÖ puan? 11.3±8.6 ve depresyon prevalans? (Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i puan? ?17 % 21.2 bulundu. Fiziksel hastal??? olanlarda, beden görünümünden memnun olmayanlarda, okudu?u fakülteden memnun olmayanlarda ve ailesinin ekonomik durumunu kötü olarak belirtenlerde ortalama Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i puan? ve depresyon prevalans? daha yüksek bulundu. Sonuç: Ö?rencilerin yakla??k be?te birinde depresyon vard?r. Ö?rencilerin, ho?lanmad??? bir fakültede okumalar? depresyon s?kl???n? etkileyen en önemli faktörlerden biridir. Fakülte seçimi s?ras?nda ö?rencilere daha iyi rehberlik hizmeti sa?lanmal?d?r. Anahtar Kelimeler: Üniversite ö?rencisi, depresyon, Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i

  12. Language Learning Strategies of Turkish University EFL Students

    OpenAIRE

    Cephe, Pa?a Tevfik; Gazi Üniversitesi, Gazi E?itim Fakültesi, Yabanc? Diller E?itimi Bölümü, ?ngilizce Ö?retmenli?i Program?; Ye?ilbursa, Ay?egül Amanda; Abani ?zzet Baysal Üniversitesi, E?itim Fakültesi

    2006-01-01

    This study examines the reported language learning strategy use of 187 university students learning English as a foreign language in Turkey using Oxford’s Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL). First the reported means for the six categories of language learning strategies of two groups of learners at different proficiency levels were calculated to find the rank ordering of use. These means were then compared across the two groups using the independent t-test to determine any signif...

  13. Language Learn?ng Strategy Preferences of Turkish Students

    OpenAIRE

    DENEME, Selma

    2008-01-01

    A learning style is a preferred way of acquiring knowledge and processing information. Learning styles may differ depending on gender, age, or culture. Niles (1995) in his study “Cultural Differences in Learning Motivation and Learning Strategies” studied the cultural impact on learning strategies and found considerable differences between culturally different students. Providing evidence for the relationship between culture and learning strategy preference and use, this study aims at examini...

  14. Diagnosing the EAP needs of Turkish medical students: A longitudinal critical needs analysis

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    Neslihan Önder Özdemir

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This study uses a longitudinal critical needs analysis to diagnose the English for academic purposes (EAP needs of Turkish medical students seeking proficiency in medical English and contribute to needs analysis methodology. The data were collected from medical students and specialists. To obtain valid and reliable information about medical students’ needs, three types of instruments were used: ethnographic methods, including sustained observation and participation in a research setting; reflective journals; and a questionnaire and in-depth interview. The questionnaire design was based on essays collected from the students during their study, and the items were constructed from the students’ own words. To the best of my knowledge, this study is the first attempt in the literature to triangulate both methods and data with a focus on critical pedagogy to diagnose EAP needs. The findings are the result of the triangulation of data and methodology to ensure the reliability and validity of the findings. A total of 525 subjects participated in the research (186 participants in the pilot study and 339 participants in the main study. The findings revealed medical students’ expectations of their English for specific purposes (ESP instructor, students’ shortcomings, and the problems and strategies they use while learning medical English. The interview data analysis sought to determine whether higher education students can be a reliable source to consult for their own educational needs in higher education. The methodology followed here can be replicated in other mainstream classrooms.

  15. Do School Experiences Predict Life Satisfaction in Turkish College Students?

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    Umran AKIN

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to examine the predictive role of school experiences on life satisfaction. Participants were 311 college students. In this study, the Perceived School Experiences Scale and the Satisfaction with Life Scale were used. The relationships between school experiences and life satisfaction were examined using correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. In correlation analysis, academic press, academic motivation, and school connectedness were found positively related to life satisfaction. According to regression results, academic press, academic motivation, and school connectedness predicted life satisfaction in a positive way. School experiences have explained 26% of the variance in life satisfaction. The results were discussed in the light of the related literature and dependent recommendations to the area were given.

  16. Attitudes Towards Seeking Psychological Help among a Sample of Turkish University Students: The Roles of Rumination and Internal Working Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turan, Numan; Erdur-Baker, Özgür

    2014-01-01

    The current study investigates how attitudes towards seeking psychological help relate to internal working models of attachment (self-model and other-model) and ruminative tendencies. The study includes 589 Turkish university students (278 females, 308 males and 3 unknown) by implementing a convenient sampling procedure. The average age of the…

  17. Examination of the PISA 2009 Reading Skills and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Use Skills of Turkish Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acar, Tülin

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to determine relation between PISA Reading Skills and ICT use skills of Turkish students. In this study are four variables such as joy/like Reading, use of Libraries, Online Reading and Plausible value in reading which are dealt with as indications of reading skills. It constitutes six variables such as attitude towards…

  18. APPROACHES IN INVESTIGATING ROMANIA’S IMAGE AS A TOURIST DESTINATION AMONG THE TURKISH STUDENTS

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    Olimpia BAN

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The image of the tourist destination plays an essential role in the decision making process regarding the choice of a holiday. Image has a crucial role in the success of the destination because it influences the consumers’ satisfaction and helps in drawing up a promotion strategy for the positioning/repositioning on a certain market, branding/rebranding the tourist destination. Information from different sources contribute to the formation of the image of a certain destination, information which can be distributed into: the promotion performed by the destination; the other’s opinions (direct or indirect; mass-media and the popular culture. We intended to investigate Romania’s image a a tourist destination among the Turkish students. The results showed that the students had very poor knowledge of our country.

  19. Casos clínicos en Cardiología (n.º 4): niño de 14 años con palpitaciones de inicio brusco / Clinical cases in Cardiology (n.º 4): 14 year old boy with sudden onset palpitations

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    J., Pérez-Lescure Picarzo; D., Crespo Marcos.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Continuamos con la serie de casos clínicos en cardiología pediátrica revisando los motivos de consulta y los datos exploratorios frecuentes en las consultas de Pediatría de Atención Primaria, presentados de forma breve y práctica. En este número se cuenta el caso de un niño de 14 años que refiere te [...] ner palpitaciones de inicio repentino. Se discute cómo la exploración y los hallazgos electrocardiográficos orientan el manejo diagnóstico de este paciente. Abstract in english We continue the series of clinical cases in Paediatric Cardiology reviewing common reasons for consultation in the paediatric Primary Care offices, presented in a brief and practical way. In this paper we present the case of a 14 year old boy with sudden onset palpitations. The way physical exam and [...] electrocardiographic findings guide the diagnosis in this patient is discussed.

  20. DESEMPEÑO COGNITIVO EN PRUEBAS DE LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE 6 A 14 AÑOS ESCOLARIZADOS DE LA CIUDAD DE MEDELLÍN / COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE ON TESTS OF LANGUAGE IN 6-14-YEAR-OLD SCHOOLED CHILDREN IN THE CITY OF MEDELLIN

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María Cristina, Giraldo García; Paola Yulieth, Velásquez Correa; Maryoris Elena, Zapata Zabala; Elizabeth, Hoyos Zuluaga.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo presenta los resultado de investigación el cual busca describir el desempeño cognitivo de los escolares de 6 a 14 años en pruebas de lenguaje, este estudio se desarrolló con 92 participantes con diferentes estratos socioeconómicos se aplicaron pruebas de Lenguaje: Test de asocia [...] ción controlada de palabras, Test de vocabulario de Boston, Token test, encontramos que las habilidades y desempeño en pruebas de lenguaje no difieren entre sexo y lateralidad, existen diferencias evidenciables en grupos de edades, con influencia del nivel educacional. Abstract in english This paper presents results of research which aimed to describe the cognitive performance on tests of language in 6-14-year-old. In this study, the researchers chose a sample population of 92 participants coming from different socioeconomic strata. That is why tests of language, tests of controlled [...] association, Boston Naming Test, and Token Test were applied.

  1. DESEMPEÑO COGNITIVO EN PRUEBAS DE LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE 6 A 14 AÑOS ESCOLARIZADOS DE LA CIUDAD DE MEDELLÍN. COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE ON TESTS OF LANGUAGE IN 6-14-YEAR-OLD SCHOOLED CHILDREN IN THE CITY OF MEDELLIN.

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    María Cristina Giraldo García.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo presenta los resultado de investigación el cual busca describir el desempeño cognitivo de los escolares de 6 a 14 años en pruebas de lenguaje, este estudio se desarrolló con 92 participantes con diferentes estratos socioeconómicos se aplicaron pruebas de Lenguaje: Test de asociación controlada de palabras, Test de vocabulario de Boston, Token test, encontramos que las habilidades y desempeño en pruebas de lenguaje no difieren entre sexo y lateralidad, existen diferencias evidenciables en grupos de edades, con influencia del nivel educacional. Abstract This paper presents results of research which aimed to describe the cognitive performance on tests of language in 6-14-year-old. In this study, the researchers chose a sample population of 92 participants coming from different socioeconomic strata. That is why tests of language, tests of controlled association, Boston Naming Test, and Token Test were applied.

  2. Strengthening the Impact and Value of International Marketing Curriculum outcomes: A Comparative Study of Turkish and European Business Students Perception of coursework and careers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hollensen, Svend; Gegez, Ercan; Venable, Beverly

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the perceptions of business school students regarding international marketing courses and careers. A comparative study of Turkish and Northern European students' perceptions towards international marketing courses and international marketing careers was conducted. Results of the study indicated significant differences between Turkish and Northern European students regarding their perceptions of international marketing both in terms of course work and caree...

  3. Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in Turkish university students and assessment of associated factors

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    Topal Kenan

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many students who begin university at risky periods for OCD development cannot meet the new challenges successfully. They often seek help and apply to the university health center for psychiatric distress. We aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD at students of the Cukurova University in this cross sectional study. Methods This study was performed in the Cukurova University Faculty of Education with a population of 5500 students; the representative sample size for detecting the OCD prevalence was calculated to be 800. After collecting sociodemographic data, we questioned the students for associated factors of OCD. The General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12 and Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI, Section K were used for psychiatric evaluation. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the linkage between OCD and associated factors. Results A total of 804 university students were included in this study. The GHQ-12-positive students (241 students, 29.9% were interviewed using Section K of the CIDI (222 students, 27.6%. OCD was diagnosed in 33 (4.2% students. The Logistic regression analysis of the data showed significant associations between OCD and male gender (p:0.036, living on government dormitory (p: 0.003, living on students' house/parental house (p:0.006, having private room in the parental house (p:0.055 and verbal abuse in the family (p:0.006. Conclusion This study demonstrates a higher prevalence of OCD among a group of university students compared to other prevalence studies of OCD in Turkish society. Furthermore, our findings also suggest relationships between OCD and sociodemographic factors, as well as other environmental stress factors.

  4. Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

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    Son Osman

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public university located in the west of Turkey. Responses were analysed, using the chi-square (x2 test, t test and percent (% ratios, according to gender and consumers. Differences were considered significant for p ? 0.05. Results Of 2253 students attending the university, 1871 participated in the survey (909 men and 962 women. Overall, the prevalence of NVNM supplement use was 16.5% (16.6% in men and 16.3% in women, p The three most commonly given reasons for use were 'improvement of energy and vitality (78.6%', 'promotion of weight loss (71.1%', followed by 'enhancement of athletic performance (64.3%'. Twenty-six of the 308 reported NVNM users (26/308, 8.4% reported having experienced an adverse reaction. Television (76.3%, magazines/newspapers (41.5% and internet websites (37.3% were the most frequently used sources for obtaining information about NVNM supplements. The three most frequently used NVNM supplements were echinacea, ginseng, and gingko biloba (38.6%, 36.4%, and 32.8%, respectively. Nutritional scores were higher in NVNM supplement users than in non-users (66.510.8 vs. 62.712.7 (p Conclusion The results indicate that the prevalence of NVNM supplement use is relatively modest among Turkish university students and more information is needed on why people use particular NVNM supplements.

  5. Assessing the Validity and Reliability of a Questionnaire on Dietary Fibre-related Knowledge in a Turkish Student Population

    OpenAIRE

    Deniz, Melike S.; Alsaffar, Ayten A.

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to validate a questionnaire on dietary fibre (DF)-related knowledge in a Turkish student population. Participants (n=360) were either undergraduate students who have taken a nutrition course for 14 weeks (n=174) or those in another group who have not taken such a nutrition course (n=186). Test-retest reliability, internal reliability, and construct validity of the questionnaire were determined. Overall internal reliability (Cronbach's alpha=0.90) and test-retest reliability (...

  6. THE COOPERATION AND DETERMINATION OF PERSONAL INTEGRATION LEVELS OF TURKISH STUDENTS ACCORDING TO THEIR SPORTS PARTICIPATION LEVEL

    OpenAIRE

    Emin KURU; Sava? DUMAN

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this research is to determine and the personal integration levels of Turkish students who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and who not doing sports living in Germany. This research includes 440 students studying in schools determined by Republic of Turkey, Embassy of Munich, Office of Education Attache who inhabit in Munich and its surroundings and who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and not doing sports. In this research, “Personal Information Form” and “ Hacettepe ...

  7. LOCATION AS A COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE TO ATTRACT STUDENTS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY FROM A TURKISH FOUNDATION UNIVERSITY

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    Oya Tamtekin Ayd?n

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to reveal whether the location is a sustainable competitive advantage to attract the students or not. This study consists of a literature review about location in higher education area, research about a sample Turkish foundation university enrollment records and a survey on students attending a sample foundation university in Istanbul. The questionnaire method has been chosen in order to show the importance of location for a university. The students had been admitted to a foundation university in the 2013-2014 period when within the same universities various departments almost the same score in exam were included in the study. The results of study indicate the location affects the students’ university choice decision and so it is a kind of sustainable competitive advantage for this sample university. This paper proposes the location has an important effect to attract the students to universities. This will help the university manager’s decision-making on the strategic planning. This study has revealed one important competitive advantage criteria for foundation universities.

  8. Writing Anxiety of Turkish Students: Scale Development and the Working Procedures in Terms of Various Variables

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    Havva YAMAN

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was undertaken to develop a Writing Anxiety Scale that will assess and identify the state of writing anxiety in the primary education students. The process of creating the scale of the study in Sakarya studying in primary schools with 774 students carried out after the second stage, developed primary school students was administered to 480 scale. In this research construct validity, internal consistency and item-total correlations were examined. As a result of factor analysis for construct validity, one factor has emerged consist of 19 items, and account for the 30.5 % of the total variance. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the one-factor model fitted the data (x2=557.54, sd=151, p=0.00. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the three-factor model fitted the data RMSEA=.059, CFI=.92, IFI=.92, GFI=.93, AGFI=.91 and SRMR=.050. The internal consistencies were .80 for entire scale. Findings also demonstrated that item-total correlations ranged from .30 to .52. According to these findings the Writing Anxiety Scale can be named as a valid and reliable instrument that could be used in the field of education. After the scale was developed in Sakarya studying in primary schools with 480 students carried out. Students receive their scores from Writing Anxiety Scale, the arithmetic mean and standard deviations were considered to be taken into consideration. In order to identify the effect of individual variables, t-test, one-way analysis of variance and LCD tests were used. Analysis showed that the variables of Turkish love of course, class, family income level, a number of books read per month and the smoothness of handwriting attended by students resulted in significant differences in student perceptions whereas the variable of gender did not affect the perceptions of students.

  9. Determination of the Turkish primary students' views about the particulate nature of matter

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    Haluk ÖZMEN

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine 4th, 5th, and 6th grade Turkish primary students’ conceptions about the particulate nature of matter via a test. The test consists of 36 items related to the changes of microscopic properties of solid, liquid and gas matters during phase changing, cooling, heating and pressing of them. The sample of the study consists of 411 students, 139 of them are from grade 4, 121 of them are from grade 5 and 151 of them are from grade 6. The answers given to test have shown that the understanding levels of students in all grades about the microscopic properties of matter are quite low; they had little knowledge or misconceptions about the microscopic properties of the particles such as the order of the particles, spaces between particles, the number of particles, the size of particles and the movement of the particles; and progression of students’ conceptions on the particulate nature of matter is multifaceted.

  10. Clínica y epidemiología de las infecciones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años / Clinics and Epidemiology of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yamilka, Oliva González; Manuel, Piloto Morejón; Paulina, Iglesias Gómez.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: las infecciones respiratorias agudas altas o bajas constituyen un complejo sindrómico que agrupa entidades clínicas con gran diversidad epidemiológica y de agentes causales, lo cual hace difícil su prevención y control. Objetivo: realizar un estudio clínico-epidemiológico de las infecc [...] iones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años. Material y método: se realizó una investigación observacional, analítica, de casos-controles en cuatro consultorios de tipo I pertenecientes al policlínico Raúl Sánchez del municipio Pinar del Río en el período febrero/2010-octubre/2011. El universo estuvo conformado por los pacientes que acudieron a los consultorios, asignándose al grupo estudio (casos) aquellos con infección respiratoria aguda de 0-14 años de edad (n=272) y por cada paciente del grupo estudio se seleccionó uno de la misma edad sin la enfermedad atendido posteriormente (controles). Resultados: las infecciones respiratorias altas fueron las más frecuentes (88,2 %) y dentro de ellas el catarro común; la edad 5-14 años la más afectada (63,2 %), los síntomas más frecuentes: secreción nasal (56,3%), fiebre (48,8%) y tos (40%); los factores de riesgo individuales más importantes: no lactancia materna exclusiva (OR=4,6) y peso Abstract in english Introduction: acute upper and low respiratory tract infections constitute a complex of various illnesses that group clinical entities having a great diversity of epidemiological and underlying agents, which difficult the processes of prevention and control. Objective: to carry out a clinical-epidemi [...] ological study of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old. Material and method: an observational, analytical of case-control research in four type-1 doctor’s offices belonging to “Raul Sanchez” outpatient clinic in Pinar del Rio municipality during February 2010-October 2011. The target group involved the patients attending to the doctor’s offices, assigning to the study-group (cases) those suffering from acute respiratory tract infections from 0-14 years old (n=272) and per each patient who comprised the study-group one of the same ages not including the disease was subsequently chosen (control group). Results: upper respiratory infections were the most frequent (88,2%) and among them common flu; the most affected ages were from 5-14 (63,2%), and the most repeated symptoms: nasal secretions (56,3%), fever (48,8%) and cough (40%); the most important risk factors: not exclusive breast feeding (OR=4,6) and

  11. What are the Main Sources of Turkish EFL Students’ Anxiety in Oral Practice?

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    Gonca Suba??

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed in order to investigate two potential sources of the anxiety of Turkish learners of English in oral practice:1 an individual student’s fear of negative evaluation, and 2 his/her self-perceived speaking ability. A total of 55 first year students enrolling in Anadolu University, Education Faculty, ELT Department participated in the study. A 55-item multiple-choice survey was administered to the participants in a regular classroom hour. The survey consisted of five parts: Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE, Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS, Self-Rating Can-Do Scale (SR-CDS, Self-Rating for the Current Level of Study (SR-CL, Self-Rating Perception by the English (SR-EPE. The Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analyses were run for the statistical interpretation of the data. To achieve valid and reliable results, 15 students were also randomly chosen to conduct an interview in order to find out their reasons for being anxious in using English. The students’ responses given to the survey were probed to have a better understanding of sources leading to high anxiety. The results of the study indicated a positive correlation between an individual’s fear of negative evaluation and his/her anxiety level. Moreover, the findings of the current study revealed that there were significant negative relationships between anxiety and three of self-ratings; SR-CDS, SR-CL and SR-EPE. In addition, it was showed that among the FNE and the three self-ratings of English speaking ability, the combination of the FNE, the SR-CL and SR-CDS was the most appropriate model of predictors of anxiety level of this sample. Finally, the analysis of interview data provided valuable information about the main sources of the students’ anxiety in oral practice such as: personal reasons, teachers’ manners, teaching procedures, and previous experience.

  12. A New Group about Teaching Turkish to Foreigners: Refugees and Refugee Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arslan, Akif

    2011-01-01

    In today's world for countries, teaching language and communication became an important issue for making these countries' cultures spread and making them powerful and effective in the global world. A way to make Turkey effective and well known is teaching Turkish and Turkish culture refugees are important opportunity for this. This study is one of…

  13. Strengthening the Impact and Value of International Marketing Curriculum outcomes: A Comparative Study of Turkish and European Business Students Perception of coursework and careers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hollensen, Svend; Gegez, Ercan

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the perceptions of business school students regarding international marketing courses and careers. A comparative study of Turkish and Northern European students' perceptions towards international marketing courses and international marketing careers was conducted. Results of the study indicated significant differences between Turkish and Northern European students regarding their perceptions of international marketing both in terms of course work and careers. Turkish students in this study perceived international courses as being exiting, trendy and providing opportunities leading to better job opportunities and better salaries. In contrast, the Northern European students perceived international marketing courses as a 'natural' requirement for marketing majors and not providing better job opportunities or salaries.

  14. THE COOPERATION AND DETERMINATION OF PERSONAL INTEGRATION LEVELS OF TURKISH STUDENTS ACCORDING TO THEIR SPORTS PARTICIPATION LEVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emin KURU

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to determine and the personal integration levels of Turkish students who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and who not doing sports living in Germany. This research includes 440 students studying in schools determined by Republic of Turkey, Embassy of Munich, Office of Education Attache who inhabit in Munich and its surroundings and who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and not doing sports. In this research, “Personal Information Form” and “ Hacettepe Personality Inventory” were used as data gathering tool. As a result of research, if averages of Hacettepe Personality Inventory (HPI subscale point are analyzed in terms of sex,age and type of school, it is apparent that points of students who doing sports are higher than the points of students who not doing sport; in other words students who doing sports are more adaptable than the students who not doing sports.

  15. Validity and reliability of a Turkish version of the body shape questionnaire among female high school students: preliminary examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akdemir, Asena; Inandi, Tacettin; Akbas, Duygu; Karaoglan Kahilogullari, Akfer; Eren, Mehmet; Canpolat, Banu Isik

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to assess the validity and reliability of a Turkish version of the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) among young people. The BSQ was initially administrated to female high school students (N?=?665) and administered a second time to a subset of subjects (N?=?144). The subjects also completed the Eating Attitudes Test, the Body Image Satisfaction Questionnaire (a dieting questionnaire) and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (SCL-90), and were weighed, and their body mass indices were calculated. Test-retest reliability of the BSQ was 0.81. The BSQ score correlated highly with the Eating Attitudes Test, Body Image Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist. Higher BSQ scores were also associated with higher body mass index. The results suggest that the Turkish version of BSQ is a valid and reliable tool for assessing body image concerns in teenagers. PMID:21953701

  16. Repercussões da gravidez em adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos em contexto de vulnerabilidade social / Impact of pregnancy on at-risk, 10-14 year-old adolescents

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rejane de, Farias; Carmen Ojeda Ocampo, Moré.

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de identificar as repercussões ocorridas na vida de adolescentes que engravidaram entre 12 e 14 anos, em contexto de vulnerabilidade social, foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas e aplicados mapas de redes com 10 participantes, quando o filho estava entre um e três anos de id [...] ade. Os dados foram analisados qualitativamente, a partir da Teoria Fundamentada Empiricamente, de Anselm Strauss e Juliet Corbin. Os resultados evidenciaram que, após a experiência de gravidez e da maternidade, as adolescentes desenvolveram maior responsabilidade por sua vida reprodutiva e reformularam projetos, valorizando mais os estudos, apesar das dificuldades para retomá-los. O relacionamento com os parceiros caracterizou-se pela união estável, destacando-se a importância destes e das mães das adolescentes em seu processo de adaptação. Abstract in english Aiming to identify the effects occurring in the lives of adolescents who became pregnant between 12 and 14 years old in a context of social vulnerability, we conducted semi-structured interviews and used network maps with 10 participants when their children were between 1 and 3 years old. The data w [...] ere analyzed qualitatively, from the Empirically Grounded Theory of Anselm Strauss and Juliet Corbin. The results showed that after the experience of pregnancy and motherhood, adolescents developed greater responsibility for their reproductive lives and reviewed some future projects, giving more value to the studies, despite the difficulties to resume them. The relationship with partners was characterized by getting more stable, highlighting the importance of adolescents' partners and mothers in their adjustment process.

  17. Approaches of elementary school students towards the lesson of Ataturk’s principles and history of Turkish Revolution of the Turkish Republic

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    Bengül Salman Bolat

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available It can be said that French Revolution, broke out in 1789, affected Europe deeply in freedom, equality, particularly with the ideas of nationalism. New values were introduced with the nationalism. With the new symbols, national states sought to give the community a new identity. Within this new formation, political powers in the adoption by the community and in its efforts to provide legitimacy, transfer tools to future generations are extremely important. In this context, the teaching of history is of great importance. In this study, a field survey was conducted on the lesson called Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution which have aims such as being able to teach the stages of foundation of the Republic of Turkey and to transfer the information to future generations. In that study, it was also aimed to find out information about the methodology of the lesson which has great importance on the development of the consciousness of Nationalism and citizenship and about founder of Turkish republic Ataturk. In this study a survey model was used. The students, who were studying in K?r?ehir in the 2010-2011 academic years, set the population of the survey. To collect data in the survey, a questioner is used with the aim of discovering the opinions of the students about the course of “Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution. In the analysis, the t-test is used and the method of single factor variance analysis (ANOVA and percentage frequency is used.

  18. An investigation of students’ life satisfaction and loneliness level in a sample of Turkish students

    OpenAIRE

    Songül Tümkaya; Birsel Aybek

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the correlation between the life satisfaction and loneliness levels of students of Faculty of Education with respected to age and gender variables. The participants are students at the Educational Faculty of Çukurova University in Adana/Turkey. The sample consists of 422 students, 223 female and 199 male. Their life satisfaction and loneliness levels were measured by the "UCLA Loneliness Scale" and "Life Satisfaction Scale", also "Personal Information Form" is used to ...

  19. Impacto de la salud bucal en la calidad de vida de escolares de 11 a 14 años, Licantén, 2013 / Oral health impact on the quality of life of 11 to 14 year-old schoolchildren, Licantén, 2013

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ximena, Moreno Ruiz; Constanza, Vera Abara; Ricardo, Cartes-Velásquez.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción La salud bucal forma parte de la salud general, siendo reconocida como un componente esencial para la calidad de vida. Se ha desarrollado hace algunos años el concepto de «calidad de vida relacionada con la salud bucal», para esto se han creado diferentes índices enfocados en adultos y [...] niños. Para estos últimos se desarrolló el Child- Oral index in Daily Performances (Child-OIDP), el cual consta de 8 dimensiones que evalúan el impacto de la salud bucal en la realización de sus actividades diarias. Objetivo Evaluar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud bucal a través del índice Child-OIDP en escolares de 11 a 14 años de la comuna de Licantén en el 2013. Metodología Se utilizó la encuesta Child-OIDP en la totalidad de 203 escolares de 11 a 14 años del sector urbano de la comuna. Se realizó un análisis exploratorio de los datos determinando medidas de distribución por frecuencia y porcentaje, y promedios con su desviación estándar. Las diferencias en los valores del Child-OIDP se determinaron con test no paramétricos: chi cuadrado, Kruskal-Wallis y Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon, todas con un nivel de significación de p Abstract in english Introduction Oral health is part of the general health status, being recognized as an essential component of quality of life. Some years ago the concept of "Oral health-related quality of life" was introduced and several indices have been created focusing on its assessment in adults and children. Fo [...] r the latter the Child- Oral index in Daily Performances (Child-OIDP) was developed, which consists of 8 dimensions that assess the impact of oral health in performing daily activities. Objective To evaluate the oral health-related quality of life using the Child-OIDP index in schoolchildren from 11-14 years old in Licantén, 2013. Methodology The Child-OIDP questionnaire was used on a sample of 203 schoolchildren aged 11 to 14 years from the urban sector of the community. An exploratory analysis of the data for determining frequency and percentage distribution, and means with standard deviation was performed. Differences in Child-OIDP values were determined using non-parametric tests: chi-square, Kruskal Wallis, and Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon, all with a significance level of p

  20. Examination of psychometric properties of the Turkish version form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire in university students

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    fatma sapmaz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: It is aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Turkish form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ in this study. Method: The participants of the study are constituted by 491 university students studying in Sakarya University Education Faculty in 2011-2012 education year. All of the participants were subjected to the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ and randomly selected 173 participants were subjected to the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS, Life Orientation Test (LOT, Positive-Negative Affect Scale (PANAS and Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS besides (OHQ. Firstly, linguistic equivalence of the scale was examined. After ensuring the linguistic equivalence, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis methods were used to examine the structural validity of OHQ and for criterion related validity, the correlations of OHQ with other measuring methods used within the study were checked. The reliability of OHQ was examined with composite reliability, internal consistency and split-half methods. Findings: According to exploratory factor analysis results, a structure whose eigen value was 8.3 and which explained 29.84% of total variance was obtained. It was seen that the factor loads of the scale varied between 0.32 and 0.77. The findings obtained as a result of confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the one-factor structure of the scale was retained in the sample comprising Turkish university students. As a result of the analysis for criterion related validity, significant relations were found between OHQ and other measuring means evaluating happiness and optimism. In structural reliability analysis, Cronbach alpha internal consistency coefficient of OHQ was found 0.91 and reliability coefficient obtained with test half-life method was found 0.86 and composite reliability of the scale was found 0.91. Conclusion: The findings obtained in this study indicate that Turkish form of OHQ has a one-factor structure and this form can be used as a valid and reliable measuring means in evaluating happiness in university students.

  1. An investigation of students’ life satisfaction and loneliness level in a sample of Turkish students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Songül Tümkaya

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the correlation between the life satisfaction and loneliness levels of students of Faculty of Education with respected to age and gender variables. The participants are students at the Educational Faculty of Çukurova University in Adana/Turkey. The sample consists of 422 students, 223 female and 199 male. Their life satisfaction and loneliness levels were measured by the "UCLA Loneliness Scale" and "Life Satisfaction Scale", also "Personal Information Form" is used to gather personal information. To analyze data, t-test, one-way ANOVA, stepwise regression and correlation statistical techniques are used. The research findings show that the male students' loneliness level is higher than the female students' loneliness level. There is no significant difference found between male and female students' life satisfaction. Beside, the correlation between age and loneliness level shows that, loneliness level is increased with the increase of age. However, there is a negative correlation between life satisfaction and loneliness level. Based on research findings, researchers suggest that the psychological counseling and guidance services of university must be functionalized and improved to increase students' life satisfaction and to decrease loneliness level.

  2. Turkish University Students’ Perceptions of the World Wide Web as a Learning Tool: An Investigation Based on Gender, Socio-Economic Background, and Web Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Erkan Tekinarslan

    2009-01-01

    The main purpose of the study is to investigate Turkish undergraduate students’ perceptions of the Web as a learning tool and to analyze whether their perceptions differ significantly based on gender, socio-economic background, and Web experience. Data obtained from 722 undergraduate students (331 males and 391 females) were used in the analyses. The findings indicated significant differences based on gender, socio-economic background, and Web experience. The students from higher socio-econom...

  3. THE ( AND ( PHONEMES AS FOSSILIZED PRONUNCIATION ERRORS FOR TURKISH ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHERS AND STUDENTS: UNDOING THE FOSSILIZED PRONUNCIATION ERROR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Demirezen

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available According to Haycraft, (1984: 90, “Since all humans have almost identical speechorgans, there should not be any ‘difficult’ sounds.” This is not a totally true thought becausethe nonnative speaking students apply the pronunciation rules of their native language, andthe result of such a conduct is the establishment of mother-tongue interference which boilsdown to be an unavoidable intrusion while learning a foreign language. A great majority ofpronunciation errors are due to inevitable mother-tongue pronunciation habits, which exhibitcertain resistance to the sounds of the target language. The mother-tongue association to theacquisition of some target language phonemes that are called the core sounds. (Demirezen2007e. The core sounds of the English language, such “consonants like / t ---> T, d ---> D, v---> w / and vowels like / e ---> Q, e ---> E, Q ----> E, « ---> Q, Q ---> Ã,  ----> ow, V-----> Vw /, constitute the prime fossilized mistake continuum for the Turkish teachers,teacher trainees and students in learning and teaching English as a foreign language.”Demirezen, 2007e: 306. This articles aims at analyzing and offering rehabilitative solutionsto one of such core sounds, namely / Q ---> à / contrast that harms the pronunciation ofTurkish learners of English.

  4. Cefalometría lateral de Ricketts en adolescentes de 12 a 14 años con oclusión normal, 2001-2003 / Rickett´s lateral cephalometry in 12-14 years-old adolescents with normal occlusion, 2001-2003

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Zoila Rosa, Podadera Valdés; Francisco Luis, Rodríguez Díaz; Teddy Osmín, Tamargo Barbeito; Santa, González Corrales.

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal en niños de 12 a 14 años de edad del área de salud perteneciente a la Clínica Estomatológica Docente "Ormani Arenado", en el período comprendido de julio de 2001 a julio de 2003, con el objetivo de describir el comportamiento de las normas cefalométrica [...] s del análisis lateral de Ricketts. El universo estuvo constituido por 1 683 niños matriculados en los centros de educación primaria y secundaria de dicha área de salud, de los cuales se obtuvo una muestra por factibilidad de 50 niños (21 masculinos y 29 femeninos) con oclusión normal, sin antecedentes de haber recibido tratamiento ortodóncico. Se examinaron los niños objeto de estudio y se analizaron las variables: edad, sexo, medidas del cefalograma lateral de Ricketts y biotipo facial. El análisis estadístico se realizó mediante tablas de distribución de frecuencia, estadígrafos de tendencia central, de dispersión y coeficiente de correlación de Pearson. Se obtuvo que existió coincidencia en el comportamiento del crecimiento mandibular con lo propuesto por Ricketts en los grupos de edad de 12 y 14 años, mientras que en el de 13 años, se observó un retrognatismo mandibular. Además, se pusieron de manifiesto las características de protrusión maxilar, mesogresión, vestibuloversión de incisivos y protrusión labial marcadas en la muestra estudiada. Se observó una elevada correlación entre las distintas variables que determinan el biotipo facial. En la distribución biotipológica el patrón más representado fue el mesofacial, seguido por el dolicofacial. Se concluye que existieron variaciones en nuestra población en cuanto a las medidas del cefalograma lateral propuesto por Ricketts que representa el estándar internacional. Abstract in english A descriptive cross-sectional study of 12-14 years-old adolescents from the health care area cared for by "Ormani Arenado" teaching dental clinic was carried out from July 2001 to July 2003, with the objective of describing the behavior of Rickett´s lateral analysis cephalometric standards. The univ [...] erse of study was composed by 1 683 children studying in elementary and junior high schools of the said health care area, from whom a sample of 50 children (21 males and 29 females) with normal occlusion and no history of prior orthodontic treatment was taken by a feasibility method. The children under study were examined on the basis of the following variables: age, sex, Rickett´s lateral cephalogram measures and facial biotype. The statistical analysis was based on frequency distribution tables, central tendency stadigraph, dispersion tables and Pearson´s correlation coefficient. It was found that the behavior of jaw development matched with Rickett´s standards in 12 y and 14 y age groups whereas the 13-y age group showed mandible retrognathism. Maxillary protrusion, mesogression, vestibuloversion of incisors and lip protrusion were marked characteristics observed in the studied samples. There was high correlation among the variables determining the facial biotype. The mesofacial pattern followed by the dolichofacial pattern prevailed in biotypological distribution. It was concluded that some variations were observed in our population in comparison with Rickett´s lateral cephalogram measures that represent the international standard.

  5. Students and Teachers' Perceptions on Technology-Enhanced Turkish Language Learning Environment in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Hasan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine learners' and instructors' perceptions about technology-enhanced learning environment. This study uses both quantitative and qualitative methods. A Likert-scale survey was developed and administered to 48 Turkish language learners in various language courses in Istanbul to investigate their…

  6. The Opinions of Instructors Teaching Turkish to Foreigners about the Writing Skills of Syrian Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sengül, Murat

    2015-01-01

    This study focuses on the difficulties experienced by the instructors while teaching writing skill to Arabians from Syria, and how these difficulties could be overcome. The study group of the research includes 11 instructors working in Turkish Teaching Centers (TTCs) of Cukurova University and Adana Science and Technology University. The data…

  7. The Assessment of the Anxiety of High School Students Who Are Learning Turkish as a Foreign Language in Turkey in Term of Certain Variables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Göçer, Ali

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess the anxiety connected with target language of the high school students who are learning Turkish as a foreign language in terms of certain variables. The study used FLCAS--Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale that was developed by Horwitz, Horwitz and Cope (1986) and was made validity and reliability by…

  8. THE WRITING PROBLEMS OF IRANIAN STUDENTS IN THE BASIC LEVEL WHO LEARNS TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emrah Boylu

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available At all levels of education as well as teaching Turkish to foreigners is an issue to be dealt with on the importance of input and output. In this respect, the work of writing and language learning that is possible to determine the level of their writing skills. In this context, at the end of term exams and courses, as well as on the data obtained, the detection and correction of errors, both in terms of the potential students and the teacher guiding the student is. In addition, the students already know their mistakes, to gain the ability to write in the future is important to minimize errors. At this work we identified the Iranian students writing problems and presented their recommendations for the solution. The study designed as a survey. The Data collected about the students problems on writing from the exams which the centre done on writing part and the students composition papers during the period. The mistakes of the students made in written expression, grouped audio information, morphology, the syntax and orthography.

  9. The impacts of fear and disgust on the perceived effectiveness of smoking warning labels: a study on Turkish university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tugrul, Tugba Orten

    2015-03-01

    This study investigated the perceived effectiveness of pictorial warning labels on cigarette packages on Turkish university students. In particular, the impacts of fear and disgust elicited by these labels were examined using the smoking decision process model. A survey was conducted with 344 undergraduate students at a private university in Izmir, the third largest city of Turkey. The findings showed differences in levels of fear and disgust evoked by pictorial warning labels for each stage in the smoking decision process, which in turn led to differences in the perceived effectiveness of the labels. Thus, this study underlines the importance of tailoring antismoking messages according to specific target groups and also suggests considering the smoking-decision-process model as segments and targeting groups in creating effective messages. PMID:23417904

  10. STUDENTS‘ PERCEPTIONS OF CHANGE READINESS OF A TURKISH EDUCATION FACULTY REGARDING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES

    OpenAIRE

    Yavuz AKBULUT

    2009-01-01

    A recent study investigated the degree of involvement in new teaching and learning methods by the academic staff of a large privileged Turkish state university, and revealed that faculties of education and open education were better in terms of change readiness than other faculties. The current study builds on that study, and investigates the involvement of the institution and teaching staff in technology integration from observers’ perspectives through administering a personal information f...

  11. Gender-related beliefs of Turkish female science teachers and their effect on interactions with female and male students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uysal, Sibel

    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between Turkish female science teachers' gender-related beliefs and those teachers' corresponding interaction with their male and female students. The data was collected from five different sources: Surveys, interviews, observations, chi square data from the observation phase, and interviews with selected teachers. The data was analyzed using the Ericson interpretive method of socio-cultural theories which provided a framework for understanding the development of teacher beliefs and their interactions with their students. In this study, the survey revealed three types of teachers ranging from traditional, moderate to modern. Moderate teachers exhibited characteristics that were on a continuum between the traditional and modern teachers. Traditional teachers believed that males and females should have certain defined roles. Females should be responsible for taking care of the needs of their children and their husbands. By comparison, modern teachers did not assign specific roles to either males or females. With regard to the role of women in science, traditional teachers believed that female scientists could not be as successful as male scientists. By comparison, modern teachers believed that female scientists could be as successful as male scientists. Modern teachers did indicate that they thought females needed to work harder than males to prove themselves. When it came to the teachers' views and beliefs regarding their female and male students' success in their science classrooms, traditional teachers believed that their male students were brighter than their female students. They also believed that female students excelled only because they worked harder. Modern teachers believed that success is dependent on each student's background and his or her interest in science. Classroom observation indicated that traditional and modern teachers interacted differently with their male and female students. Traditional teachers provided more speaking time to male students and permitted male students to ask more questions than their female students. Modern teachers, on the other hand, paid equal attention to all their students. Both groups' belief systems were apparent and impacted their interactions with their students.

  12. CreatIng Web-based Math learnIng tool for TURKISH mIddle school students: Webquest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aytac KURTULUS

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Internet is the most important product for the computer technology and it began to be used in many fields. Especially in the recent years, the usage of Internet has increased in the fields of communication, entertainment, advertisement, media, and technology. In Turkey, the usage of Internet is not used very common and active in primary and secondary education. The fast developments of the new technologies and the Web-Based Education Systems must be increased the importance of giving courses. In this study, the information to be aimed at is to introduce the WebQuest system, which was developed at San Diego State University by Bernie Dodge. A webQuest can be used web-based math learning tool for Turkish middle school students. Therefore, an example of geometry education WebQuest is given to introduce WebQuest system because WebQuest will be active in geometry teaching similar to the other subjects. An overview of WebQuest technology application and several resources for teachers and students interested in creating WebQuests can be found on The WebQutest Page (Dodge, 2001. Table 1 lists web sites that have many of these resources.

  13. Psychometric properties of Frustration Discomfort Scale in a Turkish sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Harrington, Neil

    2012-08-01

    The present study assessed the psychometric properties of the Frustration Discomfort Scale for Turkish college students. The Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS), Procrastination Assessment Scale-Student, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered to a sample of 171 (98 women, 73 men) Turkish college students. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis yielded fit index values demonstrating viability of the four-dimensional solution as in the original. Findings also revealed that, as predicted, the Discomfort Intolerance subscale of Turkish FDS was most strongly correlated with procrastination. Overall results provided evidence for the factor validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the scale for use in a Turkish population. PMID:23045854

  14. Mathematics Anxiety Among 4th And 5th Grade Turkish Elementary School Students

    OpenAIRE

    Fulya Yüksel-?ahin

    2008-01-01

    Using a sample of 4th and 5th graders, this study investigated whether students’ mathematics anxiety differed significantly according to a group of variables. A total of 249 students participated in the study. “The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for Elementary School Students” and “The Personal Information Form” were used for data collection. Independent samples t-tests, Oneway Anova and Schefee test were used to analyze the data. Results showed that students’ mathematics anxiety differed signific...

  15. Turkish Student Teachers' Ideas about Diagrams of a Flower and a Plant Cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topsakal, Unsal Umdu; Oversby, John

    2012-01-01

    In the present study, the understandings of student teachers (training for the primary phase and Master's degree students from a primary science and technology education department) about flowers and plant cells using the method of drawing in combination with interviews are explored. The data were gathered from 116 student teachers and 10 Master's…

  16. Attitudes of Turkish Medical and Law Students towards the Organ Donation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sa?iro?lu, M.; Günay, O.; Balci, E.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Attitudes of medical and law personnel towards organ donation are very important. Objective: To compare the attitudes of the medical and law students towards organ donation. Methods: 498 students in the 1st and 4th grades of the medical and law faculties of Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey, in 2011–12 academic year, were included in this study. A questionnaire consisting of 31 questions on socio-demographic characteristics of the students and their attitudes towards organ donation and transplantation was administered to the participants. Results: The percentage of the students who donated organs was 1%. Approximately, 48% of the medical students and 34% of the law students stated that they think to donate organs. The percentage of the students with a positive attitude towards organ donation was found significantly higher among the medical students than the law students, and higher among the 4th grade compared to the 1st grade. Conclusion: The percentages of the students who have donated organs and think to donate are rather low. Medical students’ attitude towards organ donation was more positive than the law students. PMID:25737771

  17. Is the Quality of Life of Turkish Smoker Students Different from Those Non-Smokers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unalan, Demet; Somunoglu, Sinem; Dikmetas, Elif; Elmali, Ferhan

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate whether smoking affects the quality of life of the students at Medical Documentation and Secreteriat Program (MDS) of Health Services Vocational Colleges. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the questionnaire has been applied to 147 (73,5 %) students out of 200 MDS students. As data collecting…

  18. Quantity versus Quality in Turkish Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arslan, Hasan

    This paper asserts that there have not been adequate studies about the comparative quality of Turkish universities to provide information and data for prospective students, advisors, university administrators, and policymakers. Turkey has more than 70 state and private universities. Most of these are relatively new, although Turkish higher…

  19. A Case Study of a Bi-Racial Student At-Risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Rosa

    This case study of a biracial student who was actually pushed out from the regular school system focuses on the student's perceived reality. The theory supporting the study is Labeling Theory, which asserts that the way in which a student is labeled is dependent on the social context of the student. The subject, a biracial 14-year-old in an…

  20. Burnout Levels and Personality Traits—The Case of Turkish Architectural Students

    OpenAIRE

    Emel Laptali Oral; Gözde Tantekin Celik

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this research has been to investigate the relationship between personality traits and burnout levels of architectural undergraduate students. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI) and Five Factor Model were used to collect related data. Analysis of the collected data showed variations in personality traits and burnout levels of students from first to fourth year and revealed that education process was an important role player in personality development and burnout levels ...

  1. Energy and nutrient intake and food patterns among Turkish university students

    OpenAIRE

    Nesli?ah, Rak?c?o?lu; Emine, Akal Y?ld?z

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this study was to determine the nutritional value and nutrients provided by each meal and snack of consumed by university students. Subjects were randomly selected from volunteer students at five universities in Ankara. A sample of 400 students (167 female and 233 male) aged between 19 and 24 years participated in this study. A questionnaire designed to assess general characteristics, anthropometric measurements, and 24 hours dietary records was administered using face to face int...

  2. Assisting a Struggling Turkish Student with a Repeated Reading Fluency Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Kasim; Ritz, Elizabeth; Akyol, Hayati; Rasinski, Timothy

    2015-01-01

    One of the most important aims of teaching reading is to help students acquire fluent reading skills. With this aim in mind, this study attempted to support a student with difficulty to become a fluent reader by improving his reading skills using a fluency instruction method called repeated reading. This study was performed with an elementary…

  3. Relation between Cyberbullying and Problem Solving: A Study on Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gokler, Riza

    2013-01-01

    In this study, cyberbullying living frequency, what the cyber environments in which cyberbullying is lived are, and the relation between "being victim of cyberbullying" and "being cyberbullying" status and problem solving skill of university students are analysed. This research is done by attendance of 460 students from five…

  4. The Role of Gender, Attachment Dimensions, and Family Environment on Loneliness among Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirli, Aylin; Demir, Ayhan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the predictive value of gender, attachment dimensions and family environment in explaining loneliness among students. The study included 473 students (281 females, 192 males) from Ankara University. The UCLA Loneliness Scale, Family Environment Assessment Scale and Experiences in Close…

  5. Motivational Factors Contributing to Turkish High School Students' Achievement in Gases and Chemical Reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadioglu, Cansel; Uzuntiryaki, Esen

    2008-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the contribution of motivational factors to 10th grade students' achievement in gases and chemical reactions in chemistry. Three hundred fifty nine 10th grade students participated in the study. The Gases and Chemical Reactions Achievement Test and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire were…

  6. Turkish High School Students' Attitudes toward Addictive Substances: Association with Perceived Parental Attitudes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ustuner, Mehmet; Aksoy, Kasim; Ozer, Niyazi

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this research is twofold: 1) to determine attitudes of high school students toward addictive substances; and 2) to determine students' attitudes toward addictive substances in terms of some variables including gender, grade, and perceived parental attitudes. To this end, "Addictive Substances Attitudes Scale" and "Parental Attitudes…

  7. Teaching Local History Using Social Studies Models for Turkish Middle School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oguzhan, Karadeniz

    2015-01-01

    Local history teaching provides students the opportunity to gain first-hand experience by improving awareness of history. Students having active communication with their neighbourhood are given the opportunity to learn about themselves and their past, words and concepts about the past and they can make easier connection between history and other…

  8. Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

    2013-01-01

    It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

  9. How Turkish Middle School Students Use the Internet to Study Social Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acikalin, Mehmet

    2014-01-01

    The Internet has become one of the most common educational tools used by teachers and students in social studies education worldwide. Although there are extensive studies on how the Internet is used by teachers as an instructional tool in social studies classes, less work has been done to explain how students themselves use and interact with…

  10. Student Views on Classroom Representative Meetings in the Preparatory Program of a Turkish University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duygu Özbilen

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study intends to focus on the concept of “student voice” in higher education. Since democracy necessitates freedom and contribution, it cannot be underestimated that democracy can be maintained by the involvement of students in administration. The research conducted aims to shed a light onto the university students’ perception of “student voice” in university administration. Within this framework, classroom representatives of preparatory school elementary level students of a foundation university in Istanbul were analyzed. The data of the study were collected by focus group interviews and analyzed by content analysis using the qualitative analysis software Nvivo 10. According to the results, the classroom representatives consider themselves important and assume that their ideas are being valued. However, there are still some concerns about the future decisions of the administration in that some of their ideas might not be taken into account. They assume that the class representative meetings should be held more frequently to enable a more democratic university environment. The results of this study will be the basis for a larger scale study that includes the perception of more classroom representatives from different levels. In further studies the leadership style of the administrators will also be studied to find out the rationale behind the students’ attitudes towards the concept of student participation at the administration level.

  11. Student Perspectives on Study Skills in a Turkish State Secondary School Sample from Adana

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmut O?uz Kutlu; ?adiye Korkmaz

    2013-01-01

    The primary aim of this study was to examine the preferences of 8th grade students who had high academic grades inseveral study skills categories. The study group consisted of 23 8th grade students who were attending a statesecondary school in the province of Adana, Turkey, during the 2012-2013 academic year. The research method wasqualitative. Content analysis and descriptive analysis were used to analyse the data. The data were collected throughsemi-structured interviews with interview form...

  12. Case Study of How Turkish University Students Improve Their Biochemistry Achievement

    OpenAIRE

    Özlem Sadi

    2013-01-01

    Biochemistry courses have an important place as a common subject in faculties of medicine, food engineering, biology and chemistry. MSLQ, Metacognitive Awareness Inventory and Learning Approach Questionnaire were used. The study also involves repeated observations of the same instructor in a biochemistry class over eight weeks to describe students’ academic performance, instructor practice, teaching methods and generally, learning environment in the biochemistry class. Students achieving the ...

  13. The effects of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder on clothing selection and habits among Turkish University students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ercan, Emine; ?pci, Melis; ?nci, Sevim Berrin; Ercan, Elif; Ercan, Eyüp Sabri

    2015-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that influence the shopping attitudes of college students with and without ADHD. This study also examined the effects of ADHD on the academic and social lives of college students. The sample consisted of 219 university students. These students were interviewed by a psychiatrist with regard to ADHD symptoms according to the DSM-IV. The Adult ADHD Self Report Scale (ASRS), the Teen Interpersonal Influence Scale, and a demographic information form were used as measurement devices. The ADHD and control groups were classified in three different ways: (1) met the ADHD criteria for both Clinical Diagnosis and the ASRS; (2) met only the criteria for Clinical Diagnosis; or (3) met only the criteria of the ASRS. Our research shows that individuals with ADHD experience more problems with money management and are more affected by the media, friends, and brands compared with individuals without ADHD. Smoking and alcohol use disorders, accidents, being held back, and disciplinary actions often accompany ADHD in college students. To the best of our knowledge, the shopping attitudes of young adults with ADHD and the influence of the media, peers, family, and brands have not been studied until now. PMID:25544506

  14. Current Piano Education of Turkish Music Teacher Candidates: Comparisons of Instructors and Students Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jelen, Birsen

    2015-01-01

    In recent years almost every newly opened government funded university in Turkey has established a music department where future music teachers are educated and piano is compulsory for every single music teacher candidate in Turkey. The aim of this research is to compare piano teaching instructors' and their students' perceptions about the current…

  15. DETERMINATION OF FUNCTIONALITY OF TURKISH STUDENT STUDY BOOKS IN TEACHING TURKISH PRIMARY SECOND STAGE ?LKÖ?RET?M ?K?NC? KADEMEDE KULLANILAN TÜRKÇE Ö?RENC? ÇALI?MA K?TAPLARININ ??LEVSELL???N?N BEL?RLENMES?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali GÖÇER

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The main mission of educational institutions to provide to the students the necessary information. More importantly, students learned skills into their knowledge to show the way. Students' learning skills into their knowledge one of effective ways: student workbooks, and native place of the events when the time is to work. The purpose of this study, second grade elementary school students in Turkish lessons in a workbook activities carried been realized to determine the status. This motion, the student workbook is to determine the status of being used as functional.In this research, qualitative research approach in the context of document analysis methods and scanning techniques used. Collection of student work books will be reviewed in Kayseri for primary schools and among the strata must be determined via sampling. A total of 54 Turkish students study books were collected in school. In each grade level as an elective to a required four themes were selected. The themes identified in the student workbooks have been investigated the level of realization of activities. According to the data obtained, activities undertaken with students more than activities that are not made at all, but in general, student workbooks are not used functionally. E?itim kurumlar?n?n temel görevi ö?rencilere gerekli bilgileri ö?retmekten öte, ö?rencilerin ö?rendikleri bilgileri beceriye dönü?türebilmelerinin yollar?n? göstermektir. Ö?rencilerin ö?rendikleri bilgileri beceriye dönü?türebilmelerinin etkili yollar?ndan biri ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?ndaki etkinliklerin zaman?nda ve yerli yerince i?lenmesidir. Bu çal??man?n amac?, ilkö?retim ikinci kademede Türkçe dersi ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?ndaki etkinliklerin gerçekle?tirilme durumunu inceleyerek bu kitaplar?n i?levsel olarak kullan?l?p kullan?lmad???n? belirlemektir. Ara?t?rmada nitel ara?t?rma yakla??m? çerçevesinde doküman inceleme yöntemi ve tarama tekni?i kullan?lm??t?r. ?ncelenecek Türkçe ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?n?n toplanaca?? ilkö?retim okullar?, amaçl? ve tabakalamal? örnekleme yolu ile belirlenmi?tir. Bu çerçevede 2008-2009 ö?retim y?l? sonunda Kayseri’de Melikgazi, Kocasinan ve Tomarza ilçelerinin her birinden 3 olmak üzere toplam 9 ilkö?retim okulu belirlenmi?tir. Okullar?n 6. ve 7. s?n?flar?nda ö?renim gören ö?renciler aras?ndan seçkisiz olarak 3’er ö?renci belirlenerek 6. ve 7. s?n?f düzeyinde 27’?er olmak üzere toplam 54 Türkçe Ö?renci Çal??ma Kitab? (ÖÇK toplanm??t?r. Her s?n?f düzeyinde bir seçmeli bir de zorunlu olmak üzere 4 tema seçilmi?tir. Ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?n?n belirlenen temalar?nda yer alan etkinliklerin gerçekle?tirilme düzeyini belirlemek amac?yla her bir etkinlik incelenerek durum tespiti yap?lm??t?r. Elde edilen verilere göre, incelenen kitaplar?ndaki gerçekle?tirilen etkinliklerin gerçekle?tirilmeyenlerden oransal olarak fazla olsa da ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?n?n i?levsel olarak kullan?lmad??? kanaatine var?lm??t?r.

  16. Turkish nursing students' views on practice assessments and service user involvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duygulu, Sergul; Abaan, Suheyla

    2013-02-01

    This descriptive study at one university in Turkey aimed to document nursing students' views on involvement of service users in clinical practice assessments. The study sample was comprised of 179 baccalaureate degree nursing students in their second, third, and fourth years of study. Data were collected using a questionnaire developed by the researchers. Participants indicated they had some problems with the present clinical practice assessment methods (73.2%) and that most of these stemmed from the clinical educators (68.2%). Sixty-eight percent of the participants responded positively to service user involvement in clinical practice assessments. However, some noted that this involvement might have some drawbacks. Results of the present study suggest that future studies on service user involvement in clinical practice assessment process are needed to further clarify this issue. PMID:23485223

  17. Self-esteem and communication skills as predictors of psychological resilience for Turkish vocational school students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem TAGAY

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes whether or not communication skills and self-esteem of vocational school students can predict their psychological resilience. The data of the study were collected from a total of 295 vocational school students including 147 female and 148 male in Burdur and Isparta. The study benefited from the Ego Resiliency Scale developed by Block and Kremen (1996 and adapted by Kara?rmak (2007, the Communication Skills Evaluation Scale developed by Korkut (1996, and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale developed by Morris Rosenberg (1965. The study made use of the standard multiple regression analysis in order to prove the power of the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem to predict psychological levels of resilience of vocational school students. The data were tested on a 0.05 level of significance. This study shows that the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem positively co- relates with the personal strengths of pulling oneself together. The positive self-assessment predicts self- esteem positively and significantly as well. A positive sense of an individual’s about oneself positively co- relates with high self-esteem.

  18. A study on preschoolers' conceptual perceptions of states of matter: a case study of Turkish students

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Murat, Demirba& #351; ; Nurcan, Ertu& #287; rul.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study is to identify preschoolers' conceptual perceptions of states of matter, this issue that they often come across in their daily and social life. The study was designed as a qualitative case study. The population of the study was comprised of 25 preschoolers studying a [...] t two primary schools located in Kirikkale and Kir?ehir, Turkey. The data were collected through the Science Concepts Perception Test (SCPT), which contained 10 semi-structured questions suitable for the level of preschoolers. The data were subject to content analysis, a qualitative method of data analysis, in order to identify how the students perceived science concepts.

  19. The Relationship of Premenstrual Syndrome Symptoms with Menstrual Attitude and Sleep Quality in Turkish Nursing Student

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    Özlem A?c?

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Symptoms induced by premenstrual syndrome (PMS adversely affect the women in reproduction period and decrease their quality of life. In literature, it is a common opinion thought that PMS could be associated with both sleep quality and menstrual attitudes. However, there has been no sufficient number of studies to define in what ways the PMS symptoms are correlated with sleep quality and menstrual attitudes. The objective of this study was to examine the relationship of PMS symptoms with menstrual attitude and sleep quality. Methods: The data were collected from 183 nursing students at Health School of Artvin Çoruh University by using a correlational design. Voluntary students completed a questionnaire involving socio-demographic characteristics, Premenstrual Syndrome Scale (PMSS, Menstrual Attitude Questionnaire (MAQ, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI. Results: Average age was 19.9 (1.8. The study determined a positively significant correlation between score of PMSS and mean scores of PSQI (r=0.306; P<0.001, and a negatively significant correlation between score of PMSS and total mean score of MAQ (r=-0.317; P<0.01. Similarly, multiple linear regression analysis showed that PSQI total score (?b=5.412; P<0.001 and MAQ total score (? b=-27.455; P=0.001 significantly affected total score of PMSS.Conclusion: The intensity of PMS symptoms is associated with poor sleep quality and negative menstrual attitudes. Determining the methods of coping with PMS and strengthening the young girls on this subject may enhance their quality of future life.

  20. Turkish University Students’ Perceptions of the World Wide Web as a Learning Tool: An Investigation Based on Gender, Socio-Economic Background, and Web Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan Tekinarslan

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the study is to investigate Turkish undergraduate students’ perceptions of the Web as a learning tool and to analyze whether their perceptions differ significantly based on gender, socio-economic background, and Web experience. Data obtained from 722 undergraduate students (331 males and 391 females were used in the analyses. The findings indicated significant differences based on gender, socio-economic background, and Web experience. The students from higher socio-economic backgrounds indicated significantly higher attitude scores on the self-efficacy subscale of the Web attitude scale. Similarly, the male students indicated significantly higher scores on the self-efficacy subscale than the females. Also, the students with higher Web experience in terms of usage frequency indicated higher scores on all subscales (i.e., self-efficacy, affective, usefulness, Web-based learning. Moreover, the two-way ANOVA results indicated that the student’s PC ownership has significant main effects on their Web attitudes and on the usefulness, self-efficacy, and affective subscales.

  1. Adaptation of Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale to Turkish

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    Ali Haydar ?ar

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is adaptation of the “Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale ” which was developed by Bianchi ve Phillips (2005 to Turkish. In order to adapt the scale, firstly scale items were translated to Turkish by the researcher. Then translation form was further developed by consulting ten specialists. English and Turkish forms of scale were both filled by 30 undergraduate students with two-week intervals respectively. Two forms were accepted as equal since the correlation between them was 0.78. Turkish version of the scale was implemented on 300 students for validity and reliability studies. In Turkish version of the scale alpha valid value was calculated as 0.94, and reliable value vas calculated 0.88. Therefore, it can be concluded that Turkish version of the scale was reliable and valid.

  2. Editorial Statement: Special Issue on Turkish Education

    OpenAIRE

    Mustafa Yunus ERYAMAN

    2006-01-01

    For this current issue, three articles and a book review are published. In her historical investigation, “Can Progressive Education Be Translated into a Progressive Idea?: Dewey’s Report on Turkish Education (1924),” Dr. Yasemin Alptekin, from Yeditepe University, explores the various interpretations of Dewey’s philosophy of ‘progressive education’ in the translated versions of Dewey’s 1924 report on Turkish education.In “Cultural Sensitiveness of School Goals and Students’ Failure in Turkey,...

  3. Influence of Students' Understanding and Goal Commitment on Academic Achievement in Introductory Technology in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akpan, Godwin A.; Mbaba, Uduak G.; Udofia, Aniefiok E.

    2012-01-01

    The study examined the influence of students' understanding and goal commitment on their academic achievement in Introductory Technology in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. An ex-post facto survey design was used and a random sample of 2,500 junior secondary three (13-14 years old) students from a population of 48,302 JSS three…

  4. Cyberbullying among Turkish adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aricak, Tolga; Siyahhan, Sinem; Uzunhasanoglu, Aysegul; Saribeyoglu, Sevda; Ciplak, Songul; Yilmaz, Nesrin; Memmedov, Cemil

    2008-06-01

    Cyberbullying, harassment through the use of information and communication technology such as cell phones and the Internet, is an emerging phenomenon all around the world. Extensive research on aggression and bullying is guiding educators' understanding of cyberbullying. Yet the gap between the advancement in technology and the dearth of study on cyberbullying suggests that more research is needed to understand the scope of this form of bullying. In order to fill the gap in literature, 269 secondary school Turkish students were surveyed on their engagement in and coping strategies for cyberbullying. The results show that 35.7% of the students displayed bully behaviors, and 23.8% of the students displayed bully-victim behaviors. Only 5.9% of the students were victims. More boys displayed bully, victim, and bully-victim behaviors than girls. When faced with cyberbullying, 25% of the students reported telling their peers and parents about the cyberbullying incident, and 30.6% of the students reported finding active solutions such as blocking the harasser. The implication of the study for future research is discussed. PMID:18537493

  5. AN EVALUATION OF ARAB STUDENTS’ TURKISH WRITING SKILLS ARAP Ö?RENC?LER?N TÜRKÇE YAZILI ANLATIM BECER?LER?N?N DE?ERLEND?R?LMES?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma BÖLÜKBA?

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In this study, writing skills of Arab students learning Turkish as a foreign language is analysed with respect to error analysis approach. This study has been performed on 20 Arab students who have learned Turkish in Istanbul University. The data of the study are obtained by asking students to write 250-300-words compositions about “What did you think about Turkey before coming to this country?” Obtained data is classified as follows; grammatical errors, syntactic errors, lexical errors and spelling/punctuation errors. Then, these errors are evaluated according to error analysis approach as negative transfer errors and developmental errors. The result of evaluation put forward that 372 errors consists of 16,39 % grammatical error, 13,17% syntactic error, 15,59 % lexical error 54,58 % spelling/punctuation error. Besides, it is observed that students’ grammatical errors are mostly developmental error (52, 5% and negative transfer is more significant in spelling/punctuation (62, 2%, syntactic (55, 1 % and lexical (60, 3 % errors. Bu çal??mada, yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen Arap ö?rencilerin Türkçe yaz?l? anlat?m becerileri yanl?? çözümlemesi yakla??m?na göre de?erlendirilmi?tir. Bu çal??ma, ?stanbul Üniversitesinde yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen 20 Arap ö?renci üzerinde yap?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n verileri, ö?rencilere “Türkiye’ye gelmeden önce Türkiye hakk?nda neler dü?ünüyordunuz?” konulu 250-300 sözcüklük birer kompozisyon yazd?r?larak toplanm??t?r. Elde edilen veriler, ilk önce ?u biçimde s?n?fland?r?lm??t?r: Dilbilgisi yanl??lar?, sözdizimsel yanl??lar, sözcük seçiminden kaynaklanan yanl??lar, yaz?m-noktalama yanl??lar?. Daha sonra bu yanl??lar, yanl?? çözümlemesi yakla??m?na göre olumsuz aktar?m yanl??lar? ve dilsel geli?im yanl??lar? olmak üzere grupland?r?larak de?erlendirilmi?tir. De?erlendirme sonucunda, toplam 372 yanl???n % 16,39’unun dilbilgisi, % 13,17’sisinin sözdizimi, % 15,59’unun sözcük seçimi ve % 54,58’ünün ise yaz?m ve noktalama yanl??? oldu?u görülmü?tür. Ayr?ca, ö?rencilerin dilbilgisi konusunda daha çok geli?imsel yanl?? yapt?klar? görülürken (% 52,5, yaz?m noktalama (% 62,2, sözcük seçimi (% 60,3 ve söz dizimi (55,1 konusunda yapt?klar? yanl??larda olumsuz aktar?m?n etkisinin daha fazla oldu?u saptanm??t?r.

  6. Language Use of Turkish Speaking Communities in the United Kingdom (A Case Study According to the Views of Families, Teachers and Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alpaslan Okur

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available First Turkish existance in England is based on acquiring the English citizenship with the conservation of Cyprus in 1987 by England. First immigration of Turkish people was made by Turkish people as a result of pressure of Greeks in Cyprus started in 1940 and increased in 1974. The immigration from Turkey was started in 1970 because of educational, economic and politic reasons. Furthermore many Turkish people immigrated from Asia, Russia and East Europe. All of the can be called “The community speaking Turkish”.This people’s childrens are bilingual and it is questionable whether which language is their mother language. Normally as long as knowing mother language well being bilingual is advantageous. But the reaserces have shown that for Turkish bilingual children bilingulism is disadvantageous. Unconsious families, being careless on awareness of bilingulism are the reason for their low language levels in two languages. In this research it is concluded that English level of the children between 5 and 16 is higher and families try to preserve their children Turkish level but the teachers don’t consider that this levels are satisfactory. It is determined that families efforts are inconcious and Turkish schools and courses are not sufficent because of many reasons.

  7. Perspectives of Turkish Intern and Non-Intern Students towards Sport Management Internship within the Context of Field Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coknaz, Dilsad

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine differences between intern and non-intern students in terms of their perspectives on sport management internship within the context of field experience. The subjects of the study were a total of 189 students. They were 4th year students who completed their internship and 3rd year students who were yet to…

  8. WHAT IS TRUST? COMPARING EUROPEAN AND TURKISH STUDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS - GÜVEN NED?R? AVRUPALI VE TÜRK Ö?RENC?LER?N ALGILARININ KAR?ILA?TIRILMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gül ESER

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:This study aims to enhance the understanding oftrust which seems to be a confusing subject. Although trustseems to be a more related topic with psychology or sociologyliterature, it has also turned to be a growing subject inorganizational research.In this research, the notion of trust that is always mentioned asan “intangible”, “confusing”, and “hard to define” isexplored. Within this endeavor, two focus groups which haveaimed to reveal students’ perception about trust and itsimportance is presented. One of these focus groups isconducted with Turkish students and the other one isconducted with European students. Both of the groups consistof Erasmus students who have come to Denmark as exchangestudents to study for a term.Özet:Bu ara?t?rma karma??k bir kavram olan “güven” inidrakini artt?rmay? amaçlamaktad?r. Güven her ne kadarSosyoloji ve psikoloji alanlar?n?n konusu gibi gözükse de, sondönemlerde yönetim yaz?n?nda gittikçe artan bir önemkazanmaktad?r.Bu ara?t?rma kapsam?nda “soyut”, “karma??k” ve“tan?mlanmas? zor” olarak nitelendirilmi? olan güvenkavram? incelenmi?tir. Bu ara?t?rma, ö?rencilerin güvenkavram?na ve önemine ili?kin alg?lar?n? ortaya koymay?amaçlayan iki odak grup incelemesini içermektedir. Bu odakgruplardan biri Türk ö?rencilerle, di?er ise Avrupal?ö?renciler ile gerçekle?tirilmi?tir. Her iki grup da, Erasmusö?renci de?i?im program? kapsam?nda Danimarka’ya gelenö?rencilerden olu?maktad?r.

  9. A Turkish adaptation of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jale Eldeleklio?lu

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to adapt the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire into Turkish and investigate its validity and reliability. The Turkish version of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire was administered to 442 university students. Firstly, language equivalence of the Turkish version the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire was investigated and findings indicated that the Turkish translation of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire is equivalent to the original form. Confirmatory factor analyses successfully revealed the two-factor (reappraisal and suppression structure of the Turkish version the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire. Further, based on the two-factor model, results from multi-group analysis indicated that the Turkish version of the Emotional Regulation Questtionnaire has the property of strict factorial invariance across gender, including equal factor loadings, equal item intercepts, and equal item uniqueness (error variances and covariances. The internal consistencies were .78 for the reappraisal and .73 for the suppression subscales. Test-retest reliabilities were .74 for the reappraisal and .72 for the suppression subscales. Overall, the Turkish version of the Emotional Regulation Questionnaire has adequate psychometric properties and can be used to examine emotion regulation among Turkish university students

  10. Fifth-Grade Turkish Elementary School Students' Listening and Reading Comprehension Levels with Regard to Text Types

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Kasim; Yildiz, Mustafa; Ates, Seyit; Rasinski, Timothy

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine fifth grade elementary school students' listening and reading comprehension levels with regard to text types. This study was conducted on 180 fifth grade elementary school students in Sincan-Ankara in the spring semester of the academic year 2008-2009. The comprehension test was administered to students. The…

  11. Predicting Student Satisfaction with an Emphasis on Campus Recreational Sports and Cultural Facilities in a Turkish University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çelik, Ali Kemal; Akyol, Kübra

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper was to determine the predictors of student satisfaction focusing on campus recreational sports and cultural facilities. The present study utilized data from a written-questionnaire administered to one thousand adult undergraduate students. The dependent variable used in predicting student satisfaction was…

  12. Tabelas de referências das qualidades físicas básicas de meninos de 9 a 14 anos / Basic physical attribute reference (anthropometric) tables for 9 to 14 year-old children / Tablas de referencia de capacidades físicas básicas en niños de 9 a 14 años

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mauro, Moraes-Macêdo; Paula, Roquetti-Fernandes; José, Fernandes-Filho.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Desenvolver tabelas de referência da antropometria e qualidades físicas coordenação, força explosiva de membros inferiores e velocidade de deslocamento de meninos entre 9 e 14 anos. Método Foram avaliados 536 indivíduos em antropometria (peso e estatura), protocolos de velocidade (30 metros [...] ), coordenação (Burpee) e Força Explosiva (sargent jump test). A metodologia foi descritiva por survey normativo, as tabelas sendo classificadas a partir das médias obtidas e seus desvios padrão. Para valores acima da média em um desvio-padrão (Acima da média) em dois desvios-padrão (Excelente) e valores abaixo da média em um desvio padrão (Abaixo da média) em dois desvios padrão (Muito abaixo da média), tendo como parâmetro a idade cronológica. Resultados Nas idades 09 e 11 anos, existe uma progressão dos valores no estudo, pois alcançando 12 e 13 anos, observa-se que a estatura e velocidade deixam de evoluir como anteriormente, com o grupo de 12 anos apresentando melhores resultados nessas variáveis do que 13 anos. A força explosiva de membros inferiores progrediu com a estatura exceto na idade 13 anos, onde os resultados foram menores do que aos 12 anos. A Coordenação Motora, diferenciou-se nas idades 9 e 10 anos onde apresentaram o mesmo comportamento. Aos 14 anos, a diferença em relação às idades 11,12 e 13 anos, recaem na faixa excelente da tabela, pois alcançam o escore de 08 repetições no teste. Conclusão As tabelas de referência demonstram aplicabilidade facilitando a comparação dos parâmetros do estudo para jovens brasileiros. Abstract in spanish Objetivo Desarrollar tablas de referencia de antropometría y capacidades físicas de coordinación, fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores y velocidad de movimiento de los niños entre 9 y 14 años. Método Se evaluaron 536 individuos en antropometría (peso y talla), protocolos de velocidad (30 [...] metros), coordinación (Burpee) y concentración (prueba de salto Sargent). La metodología fue descrita por las normas de la encuesta, las tablas que se ordenan a partir de los promedios y sus desviaciones estándar. Para valores superiores al promedio de desviación estándar (encima de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (Excelente) y los valores por debajo de la desviación estándar promedio (debajo de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (muy por debajo del promedio), con el parámetro de la edad cronológica. Resultados En la edad de 9 a 11 años hay una progresión en los valores en el estudio mientras que en las edades de 12 y 13 años se observa que la altura y la velocidad no progresan como antes, pero el grupo de 12 años presenta mejores resultados en estas variables que el de 13 años. La fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores progresó con la altura hasta la edad de 13 años, excepto en los menores de 12 años de edad. La coordinación motora presentó el mismo comportamiento en las edades de 9 y 10 años y difirió de las de 14 años y las de 11, 12 y 13 años que entran en la clasificación considerada excelente de la tabla, ya que la puntuación llega a 08 repeticiones de la prueba. Conclusión Las tablas de referencia se aplican para facilitar la comparación de los parámetros del estudio para los jóvenes brasileños. Abstract in english Objective Developing anthropometric reference tables and physical qualities regarding coordination, lower limb explosive power and speed of movement for 9 to 14 year-old children. Method Anthropometric factors (weight and height), speed protocols (30 meters), coordination (Burpee) and strength (Sarg [...] ent jump test) were assessed in 536 individuals. Descriptive methodology was used for survey standards, tables being sorted by their averages and standard deviations, values above average standard deviation (above the mean) by two standard deviations (excellent) and those below average standard deviation (below the mean) by two standard deviations (very much below average) regarding chronological age. Results Study values progress

  13. Factores de riesgo para enfermedad respiratoria en población de 5 a 14 años de una Localidad de Bogotá, 2012-2013 / Respiratory disease risk factors in the 5-14 year-old population in an area of Bogota, 2012-2013

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Natalia, Rodríguez-Moreno; Viviana, Martínez-Morales; Rodrigo, Sarmiento-Suarez; Katalina, Medina-Palacios; Luis J., Hernández.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Establecer la prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios, asma y rinitis, posiblemente asociados a la contaminación del aire en niños entre 5 y 14 años, en la localidad de Bosa, año 2012-2013. Métodos Se tomó una muestra de 553 niños residentes en la localidad de Bosa. Resultados Cuando el niño [...] habita con personas que fuman tiene 1,5 veces más de riesgo de toser en la noche respecto a los niños cuyos contactos no fuman. Los niños que habitan en viviendas con chimeneas a menos de 100 m de distancia tienen 1,6 veces la probabilidad de presentar el síntoma. Quienes asisten al colegio de mayor exposición y además tienen edificaciones en construcción o vías en mal estado a menos de 100 m de sus viviendas, presentan 2,5 veces la posibilidad de manifestar el evento. En cuanto a presentar sibilancias en el último año, los niños que tienen humedades en su habitación presentan 4 veces la probabilidad de manifestarlas. Hay un incremento del riesgo de sibilancias en un 80 % cuando el niño vive a menos de 100 m de edificaciones en construcción o vías sin pavimentar y además asiste al colegio de mayor exposición. Conclusiones Son tan importantes las intervenciones gubernamentales para la modificación de los factores de riesgo extramurales asociados a la enfermedad respiratoria como las mejoras que deben llevarse a cabo extramuralmente. Abstract in english Objective Establishing the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis, possibly associated with air pollution, in 5- to 14-year-old children in Bosa (a conurbation of Bogota), between 2012 and 2013. Methods A sample was taken of 553 children living in the conurbation. Results The result [...] s indicated that when a child lives with people who smoke there was a 1.5 times risk of coughing at night (compared to living in a non-smoking home) such night-time coughing being different to that produced by respiratory infections such as colds, bronchitis and pneumonia. Children living in homes having fireplaces/open cooking areas located less than 100 m apart had 1.6 times greater probability of presenting symptoms. Children attending schools having greater PM10 exposure and living near buildings being constructed or having roads in a poor state of repair less than 100 meters from their homes were 2.5 times more likely to suffer respiratory disease. Children living in damp rooms were 4 times more likely to have wheezed during the past year. The risk of wheezing became increased by 80 % when a child lived within 100 meters of buildings being constructed or near unpaved roads and attended a school having greater exposure. Conclusion Government intervention is critical for changing respiratory disease-associated extramural risk factors, such as improvements benefitting children which should be carried out in urban areas.

  14. Factores de riesgo para enfermedad respiratoria en población de 5 a 14 años de una Localidad de Bogotá, 2012-2013 / Respiratory disease risk factors in the 5-14 year-old population in an area of Bogota, 2012-2013

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Natalia, Rodríguez-Moreno; Viviana, Martínez-Morales; Rodrigo, Sarmiento-Suarez; Katalina, Medina-Palacios; Luis J., Hernández.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Establecer la prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios, asma y rinitis, posiblemente asociados a la contaminación del aire en niños entre 5 y 14 años, en la localidad de Bosa, año 2012-2013. Métodos Se tomó una muestra de 553 niños residentes en la localidad de Bosa. Resultados Cuando el niño [...] habita con personas que fuman tiene 1,5 veces más de riesgo de toser en la noche respecto a los niños cuyos contactos no fuman. Los niños que habitan en viviendas con chimeneas a menos de 100 m de distancia tienen 1,6 veces la probabilidad de presentar el síntoma. Quienes asisten al colegio de mayor exposición y además tienen edificaciones en construcción o vías en mal estado a menos de 100 m de sus viviendas, presentan 2,5 veces la posibilidad de manifestar el evento. En cuanto a presentar sibilancias en el último año, los niños que tienen humedades en su habitación presentan 4 veces la probabilidad de manifestarlas. Hay un incremento del riesgo de sibilancias en un 80 % cuando el niño vive a menos de 100 m de edificaciones en construcción o vías sin pavimentar y además asiste al colegio de mayor exposición. Conclusiones Son tan importantes las intervenciones gubernamentales para la modificación de los factores de riesgo extramurales asociados a la enfermedad respiratoria como las mejoras que deben llevarse a cabo extramuralmente. Abstract in english Objective Establishing the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis, possibly associated with air pollution, in 5- to 14-year-old children in Bosa (a conurbation of Bogota), between 2012 and 2013. Methods A sample was taken of 553 children living in the conurbation. Results The result [...] s indicated that when a child lives with people who smoke there was a 1.5 times risk of coughing at night (compared to living in a non-smoking home) such night-time coughing being different to that produced by respiratory infections such as colds, bronchitis and pneumonia. Children living in homes having fireplaces/open cooking areas located less than 100 m apart had 1.6 times greater probability of presenting symptoms. Children attending schools having greater PM10 exposure and living near buildings being constructed or having roads in a poor state of repair less than 100 meters from their homes were 2.5 times more likely to suffer respiratory disease. Children living in damp rooms were 4 times more likely to have wheezed during the past year. The risk of wheezing became increased by 80 % when a child lived within 100 meters of buildings being constructed or near unpaved roads and attended a school having greater exposure. Conclusion Government intervention is critical for changing respiratory disease-associated extramural risk factors, such as improvements benefitting children which should be carried out in urban areas.

  15. Korelace mezi sportovní ?inností a užíváním návykovıch látek u 14letıch žák? a žáky? základních škol ve Slovinsku Correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year-old primary school male and female pupils in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jože Štihec

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Cílem tohoto pr?zkumu bylo zjistit, zda u 14letıch žák? existuje korelace mezi sportovní aktivitou a užíváním návykovıch látek. Tento pr?zkum je založen na dotazníku s 38 prom?nnımi, p?i?emž pravd?podobnostní vztahy mezi prom?nnımi byly testovány pomocí chí-kvadrát testu. Analıza ukázala, že ve svém volném ?ase se sportu v?nuje 80 % chlapc? a 85 % dívek. Sportu se v?nují v?tšinou dvakrát až t?ikrát tıdn?. V?tšina chlapc? se v?nuje sportu závodn? (39 %, zatímco dívky se v?nují p?edevším rekrea?ním pohybovım aktivitám (48 %. Pokud jde o kou?ení, ke ku?ák?m pat?í 4 % procenta chlapc? a 12 % dívek. V?tšina chlapc? za?ala kou?it ve v?ku 13 let, dívky ve v?ku 12 let. 90 % chlapc? a 94 % dívek již n?jakı alkoholickı nápoj vyzkoušelo – jde tedy o v?tšinu žák? ve v?ku od 10 do 13 let. Pokud jde o užívání drog, vyzkoušelo je 18 % chlapc? a 26 % dívek. Nej?ast?jšími typy drog jsou inhalace, pilulky a marihuana. V?tšina žák? prohlásila, že kou?ení, pití alkoholu a užívání nelegálních návykovıch látek vyzkoušela ze zv?davosti. Rodi?e v?tšinou podporují d?ti v provozování sportu. V?tšina žák? se domnívá, že sport a kou?ení spolu nejde dohromady. Domnívají se, že sportovní aktivity jsou ?innosti, které by od užívání návykovıch látek mohly odrazovat. Zjistili jsme, že mezi sportovními aktivitami a užíváním legálních i nelegálních návykovıch látek není statisticky vıznamná korelace. Statisticky vıznamná korelace však byla zjišt?na u pití alkoholu v p?ípad? chlapc? (pivo a víno a inhalace látek v p?ípad? dívek. Rozdíly by z?ejm? mohly bıt vırazn?jší v pozd?jším v?ku – p?i p?echodu mezi základní a st?ední školou. Mladé lidi by bylo možno od užívání legálních i nelegálních návykovıch látek odradit nabídkou v?tšího množství aktivit, které by jim umož?ovaly trávit volnı ?as p?im??en?jším a kvalitn?jším zp?sobem. The aim of this research was to establish whether there is a correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year old pupils. This research is based on a questionnaire of 38 variables and the probability relations among the variables have been tested by the chi-square. Analysis has shown that 80% of male and 85% of female pupils practice sport in their leisure time. On average, they practice sport 2 to 3 times a week. The majority of male pupils practice sport competitively (39%, while female pupils primarily practice not officially organized recreational sports (48%. As for smoking, 4% of the male and 12% of the female pupils smoke, the majority of the male pupils had their first cigarette at the age of 13, female pupils at the age of 12. Regarding alcohol use, 90% of the male and 94% of the female pupils had tried an alcohol beverage, which means a majority of pupils between ages 10 and 13. As far as drugs are concerned, 18% of the male and 26% of the female pupils tried drugs. The prevailing types of drug-taking are vapor inhaling, pills and marijuana. The majority of pupils sa

  16. An International Perspective on Active Citizenship among Lower Secondary Students. Concepts and Measures Developed for the IEA Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, Wolfram

    2007-01-01

    The new IEA "International Civic and Citizenship Education Study" (ICCS) will investigate the extent to which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens across a range of countries. ICCS will survey 13-to-14-year old students in over 30 countries in the year 2009. The ICCS outcome data will be obtained from representative…

  17. The Effects of Conflict Resolution Education on Conflict Resolution Skills, Social Competence, and Aggression in Turkish Elementary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akgun, Serap; Araz, Arzu

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to implement "we can resolve our conflicts" training program to elementary school students and to assess the effectiveness of this school-based conflict resolution training program, designed to enhance students' conflict resolution skills and social competence and consequently decrease aggression. Three…

  18. Positive and Negative Affectivity as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Optimism and Life Satisfaction in Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapikiran, Necla Acun

    2012-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to examine the mediator and moderator role of positive and negative affectivity variables on the relationship between optimism and life satisfaction in university students. 397 university students, ranging in age from 18 to 27 (M = 20.98), attending different departments of the Faculty of Education, at Pamukkale…

  19. The Environmental Attitudes of Turkish Senior High School Students in the Context of Postmaterialism and the New Environmental Paradigm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taskin, Ozgur

    2009-01-01

    The present study explores the environmental attitudes (EA) of senior high school students in Turkey, explains which determinant factors affect these EAs, and concludes with some suggestions for curricular reform. This study includes over nine hundred students from different school types, neighbourhoods, geographical regions, and socioeconomic…

  20. The Effects of the Cooperative Learning Method Supported by Multiple Intelligence Theory on Turkish Elementary Students' Mathematics Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isik, Dilek; Tarim, Kamuran

    2009-01-01

    In the present experimental study, the effects of the cooperative learning method supported by multiple intelligence theory (CLMI) on elementary school fourth grade students' academic achievement and retention towards the mathematics course were investigated. The participants of the study were 150 students who were divided into two experimental…

  1. Academic Motivation and Approaches to Learning in Predicting College Students' Academic Achievement: Findings from Turkish and US Samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çetin, Baris

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine if approaches to learning and academic motivation together predict grade point averages (GPAs) of students who study at Primary School Education and Preschool Education in Turkey and of students who study at Early Childhood Education in the US. The first group of participants included 166 third- and…

  2. Knowledge and attitudes of nursing students toward patients living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV): a Turkish perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekta?, H A; Kulakaç, O

    2007-08-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS of nursing students in Turkey. HIV/AIDS has become one of the most serious health problems in the world. It is important to understand nursing students' knowledge and attitudes towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) because the educational preparation of nurses has been known to affect the attitudes of the nurse and the effectiveness of the care provided to PLHIV. The study was conducted with 227 nursing students from the School of Health in Antalya, Turkey during the calendar year 2005/2006. Qualitative and quantitative methods were both used to collect data for the study. Analysis of variance, t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test, Kruskal-Wallis and inductive methods were used in data analysis. The majority of nursing students in this study had a moderate level of HIV/AIDS knowledge. Students correctly answered 64.4% of HIV/AIDS-related questions in the questionnaire (Mean 28.99; SD 7.03 out of 45 points). Scores increased parallel with student grade (F=26.925; p=0.000) and age (chi2 (K-W)=35.117; p=0.000). Fear of being infected and feelings of pity and empathy were the feelings most commonly indicated by the students. Students who had previous experience in caring for an AIDS patient and had known someone with HIV/AIDS were willing to care for PLHIV. Results underline the need to strengthen education on all aspects of HIV/AIDS. To improve nursing students willingness to care for PLHIV, particular emphasis should be placed on the training of nursing students as skilled nursing staff with humane attitudes towards PLHIV. PMID:17712692

  3. Humor Styles and Socio-Demographic Variables as Predictors of Subjective Well-Being of Turkish University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Tümkaya, Songül; Çukurova University

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship among socio-demographic variables and humor styles on university students’ subjective well-being (SWB). Participants were 376 university students attending different faculties at Çukurova University. Positive and Negative Affect, Satisfaction with Life, Humor Styles Questionnaires, and Socio-Demographic Information Questionnaire were used to collect data. To analyze the data, t-test, correlation, and stepwise regression analyses were employed. Aggregat...

  4. Atatürk ?lkeleri ve ?nk?lap Tarihi Dersi Zorunlu Ders Olmal? m?? Üniversite Ö?rencilerinin Görü? ve Önerileri Should Ataturk's Principles And History Of Turkish Revolution Course Be Compulsory? University Students’ Views And Suggestions

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    Feyza DOYRAN

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Several research studies have been conducted in order to analyzethe university students motivation related to the required courses.Likewise, motivation of the students attending Vocational Schools andtheir motivation and interest in the compulsory courses have also beenresearched by some scholars in Turkey. (Bekdemir, 2009; Kademli &Hastürk, 2007. One of the compulsory courses given to all students atuniversities is Ataturk’s Principles and History of Turkish Revolution. Atsome universities, this course is conducted in the classrooms and atsome others as an online course. In order to create more motivation forthis course and improve the quality, the first thing to do was to evaluatethe course using Brown’s (1995 model. In this model, the followingdimensions were taken into consideration: needs analysis, goals andobjectives/content, teaching methods, materials used, homeworkassignments given, testing and evaluation. Therefore, this qualitativeresearch was conducted in order to get the students’ views andsuggestions related to Ataturk’s Principles and History of TurkishRevolution course. Open-ended questions were asked to 86 studentsattending the Vocational School of a foundation university in Istanbul,related to the dimensions mentioned above. The students were alsoasked whether they want this course to be compulsory or not andwhether they find it useful or not. 9 students were also interviewed. Thecontent analysis of the whole data revealed that students find thecourse useful and believe that it should continue to be compulsory.Nevertheless, they suggest major changes in regards the content,teaching methods, homework assignments, and testing and evaluationof the course.

  5. The Most Important Concept of Transport and Circulatory Systems: Turkish Biology Student Teachers' Cognitive Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurt, Hakan; Ekici, Gulay; Aksu, Ozlem; Aktas, Murat

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine biology student teachers' cognitive structure with regard to "Blood". Qualitative research method has been used. The free word association test and the draw-write technique have been used in collection of data. The data obtained have been evaluated and divided into categories based on…

  6. The Effectiveness of Psycho-Educational School-Based Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Training Program on Turkish Elementary Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cecen-Erogul, Ayse Rezan; Kaf Hasirci, Ozlem

    2013-01-01

    In Turkey, there is neither systematic nor structured child sexual abuse prevention programs for school-aged children in school settings. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a school-based child sexual abuse prevention program on elementary school (4th grade) students. Quasi-experimental design with pretest,…

  7. Examination of Turkish Students' Opinions Related to Values in the Example of Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasdemir, Adem

    2012-01-01

    Reflecting effective and psychomotor skills to teaching environment are as important as cognitive skills in learning process. In this context, values are important to develop skills in affective domain. In this study, the opinions of the students who have been studying in three different countries (Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Turkey) were aimed to be…

  8. A Cross-Cultural Study of ICT Competency, Attitude and Satisfaction of Turkish, Polish and Czech University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dincer, Serkan; Sahinkayasi, Yunis

    2011-01-01

    Due to various factors, countries begin to have different levels of information and communication technologies (ICT) and they have their own unique culture of ICT usage. This case appears interesting especially when we consider university students' proficiency, attitudes and satisfaction in use of ICT. The purpose of this study is to examine the…

  9. Influence of V-Diagrams on 10th Grade Turkish Students' Achievement in the Subject of Mechanical Waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tekes, Hanife; Gonen, Selahattin

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine how the use of V-diagrams one of the learning techniques used in laboratory studies in experiments conducted regarding the 10th grade lesson unit of "waves" influenced students' achievements. In the study, a quasi-experimental design with a pretest and posttest control group was used. The study was…

  10. Fostering Critical Thinking about Citizenship Education in Particular Contexts: Notes from an Anglo-Turkish Student Teachers' Exchange Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busher, Hugh; Wilkins, Chris; Lawson, Tony

    2012-01-01

    Student teachers and staff from three universities in Turkey and from Leicester University, England took part in an exchange programme in Turkey and Britain in 2008-2009. Funding for this from the European Union (EU) and Turkey was in part related to Turkey's application for EU membership and currently contested discourses about the nature of…

  11. Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Harun

    2011-01-01

    This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students were…

  12. TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNER STUDENTS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA SPEAKING ANXIETY INVESTIGATION OF DIFFERENT VARIABLES/YABANCI D?L OLARAK TÜRKÇE Ö?RENEN BOSNA-HERSEKL? Ö?RENC?LER?N KONU?MA KAYGILARININ ÇE??TL? DE???KENLER AÇISINDAN ?NCELENMES?

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    Emrah BOYLU

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this study are to examine the Turkish speaking anxieties of the students who are learning Turkish as a foreign language in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to evaluate it in terms of different variables. 63 students participated in this research. The data was collected from “the Speech Anxiety Scale” developed by Melanl?o?lu and Demir (2013 and “Personal Information Forms” conducted to students. Concerning this study, which examines the Turkish speaking anxieties of the students who are learning Turkish as a foreign in Yunus Emre Turkish Cultural Centre Sarajevo with several variables in terms of student learning as a foreign language speaking anxiety, it can be declared that the students feel anxiety up to some extent but the level of this anxiety is not high. According to the survey results, the average scores of the speaking anxiety of the male students are a little more than female students; but there is no significant difference between the sex, age, professions, levels continued, visiting Turkey before, and using the Turkish language out of class of the students’ and the Turkish speaking anxieties. Bu çal??mada, Türkçeyi yabanc? dil olarak ö?renen Bosna-Hersekli ö?rencilerin konu?ma kayg?lar? belirlenmeye ve çe?itli de?i?kenler aç?s?ndan de?erlendirmeye çal???lm??t?r. Ara?t?rmaya 63 ö?renci kat?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rmaya temel te?kil eden veriler, Melanl?o?lu ve Demir (2013 taraf?ndan geli?tirilen “Konu?ma Kayg?s? Ölçe?i” ve ara?t?rmac?lar taraf?ndan haz?rlanan “Ki?isel Bilgi Formu” ile toplanm??t?r. Saraybosna TKM’de Türkçeyi yabanc? dil olarak ö?renen ö?rencilerin konu?ma kayg?lar?n?n çe?itli de?i?kenler aç?s?ndan incelendi?i bu ara?t?rmada, ö?rencilerin Türkçe konu?urken belli bir oranda kayg? duyduklar?; fakat bu kayg?n?n yüksek olmad??? söylenilebilir. Ara?t?rma sonuçlar?na göre, erkek ö?rencilerin konu?ma kayg?s? puan ortalamas? bayan ö?rencilere göre bir miktar daha fazlad?r; ancak ö?rencilerin cinsiyetleri, ya?lar?, meslekleri, devam ettikleri kurlar?, Türkiye’de bulunma ve Türkçeyi s?n?f d???nda kullanma durumlar? ile Türkçe konu?ma kayg?lar? aras?nda anlaml? bir farkl?l?k bulunmamaktad?r.

  13. Evaluating environmental tobacco smoke exposure in a group of Turkish primary school students and developing intervention methods for prevention

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    Davutoglu Mehmet

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In countries like Turkey where smoking is highly prevalent, children's exposure to tobacco smoke is an important public health problem. The goals of this study were to determine the self-reported environmental tobacco smoke exposure status of primary school students in grades 3 to 5, to verify self-reported exposure levels with data provided from a biomarker of exposure, and to develop methods for preventing school children from passive smoking. Methods The study was conducted on 347 primary school students by using a standard questionnaire and urinary cotinine tests. Children with verified ETS exposure were randomly assigned to 2 intervention groups. Two phone interviews were conducted with the parents of the first group regarding their children's passive smoking status and its possible consequences. On the other hand, a brief note concerning urinary cotinine test result was sent to parents of the second group. Nine months after the initial urinary cotinine tests, measurements were repeated in both groups. Results According to questionnaire data, 59.9% of the study group (208 of 347 were exposed to ETS. Urinary cotinine measurements of children were highly consistent with the self-reported exposure levels (P 0.05. Conclusion Self-reported ETS exposure was found to be pretty accurate in the 9–11 age group when checked with urinary cotinine tests. Only informing parents that their childrens' ETS exposure were confirmed by a laboratory test seems to be very promising in preventing children from ETS.

  14. The Impact of the Explicit Reflective Approach in Teaching the Nature of Science upon Turkish Students' Perceptions of Science

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    Murat DEM?RBAS

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available How to teach science and how to train scientists are among frequently debated issues today. In this respect, many science teaching curricula have been developed and implemented in Turkey. It is observed that activities aimed at teaching the nature of science are included in curricula. In this study, the effectiveness of the explicit reflective approach, which is one of the methods employed in teaching the nature of science. The study was carried out in an elementary school selected from the city of K?r?kkale. The semi-experimental design was used in the research. As the data collection instrument, the “Views of Nature of Science Questionnaire” (VNOS-E developed by Lederman et al. (2002 was employed in the study. The findings obtained were analyzed using the content analysis method, which is among qualitative data analysis techniques. In conclusion, it was observed that the explicit reflective approach had positive effects in improving students’ views of nature of science.

  15. Parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality among Turkish college students / Türk üniversite ö?rencileri aras?nda cinsellikle ilgili konularda anne ve babayla ileti?im ve alg?lanan anne baba tutumlar?

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    Nursel TOPKAYA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis current study was conducted to examine parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality with respect to gender among Turkish college students. Moreover, attitudes toward premarital sexuality with respect to gender were explored. A demographic data form, premarital sexual permissiveness scale, parental communication about sexuality scale and parental attitudes about sexuality scale were administered to 366 (217 female and 148 male college students, aged 18 to 26. The results indicated that females held more conservative premarital sexual attitudes than males; females talked to their mothers, while males talked to their fathers more about sexuality issues. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that gender was significant on the perceived maternal attitudes about sexuality, whereas perceived paternal attitudes about sexuality were not found to be significant with respect to gender. Future research is needed to explore variables that may contribute to the differences in parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality.

  16. The Benefits of Residential Fieldwork for School Science: Insights from a Five-year Initiative for Inner-City Students in the UK

    OpenAIRE

    Amos, Ruth; Michael REISS

    2011-01-01

    There is considerable international interest in the value of residential fieldwork for school students. In the UK, pressures on curriculum time, rising costs and heightened concern over students' safety are curtailing residential experiences. Collaboration between several key providers across the UK created an extensive programme of residential courses for 11-14 year olds in London schools from 2004-2008. Some 33,000 students from 849 schools took part. This paper draws on the evaluation of t...

  17. Perceptions of Preservice Teachers regarding the Integration of Information and Communication Technologies in Turkish Education Faculties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbulut, Yavuz; Odabasi, H. Ferhan; Kuzu, Abdullah

    2011-01-01

    This study explored the views of pre-service teachers regarding the indicators of information and communication technologies (ICT) at Turkish education faculties. A cross-sectional survey design was implemented with graduating students enrolled in Turkish education faculties. A combination of stratified random sampling and systematic sampling was…

  18. Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

    2013-01-01

    Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being…

  19. Internet use among Turkish adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tahiroglu, Aysegul Yolga; Celik, Gonca G; Uzel, Mehtap; Ozcan, Neslihan; Avci, Ayse

    2008-10-01

    The aim of this study was to investigate Internet use habits and problematic Internet use (PIU) in Turkish adolescents. Participants were 3,975 undergraduate students, 7.6% of whom used the Internet for more than 12 hours weekly. The Online Cognition Scale (OCS) was used. The most common purpose for using the Internet was playing games, followed by general information search. Female users mostly preferred searching for general information; male users preferred playing games (p game was violent games. While preference for strategy and fantasy role-play (FRP) games increased with age, preference for other games decreased (p violent games, followed by FRP, strategy, and sports and motor racing games. Computers and the Internet are useful, important inventions, but like other inventions, if used improperly, they may be harmful. Risk of harm raises concerns about who should use the Internet and computers, and where, when, and why the Internet and computers should be used. PMID:18785800

  20. Atatürk, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ve Türkçe Devrimi (Atatürk, Turkish Republic and Reform of Turkish

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    Mustafa Öner

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Atatürk, Turkish Republic and Reform of Turkish Bases of Research:Principles and reform of Atatürk, Turkish Reform, authors and works of Atatürk1» and after Atatürk's period connected with Turkish Language Association.Purpose of the ResearchPurpose of this study exposes effects of secularisation process (closing dervish lodge and zaviye, unity of education, taken out of caliphate, began from 1925 in State of Turkish Republic founded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's leadership, on the accepted new Turkish alphabet and efforts of purify Turkish Language. Besides, this study explains missions of Turkish Language Association in favor of Turkish Reform in strengthening bases of laic and democratic Turkish Republic and using of Turkish as a science and education language by means of most characteristic of Turkish Reform. This study claimed that Turkish Reform bases on Turkish people despised in the past advocates Turkish Reform agree directly with idea of republic and constructed on democratic attitude.Resources of Data:Turkish Reform, Turkish Language and authors and works of Atatürk's and after Atatürk's period connected with Turkish Language Association.Main Discussion:Secularization process (closing dervish lodge and zaviye, unity of education, taken out of caliphate, began from 1925 effects accepted new Turkish alphabet and efforts of purify Turkish Language. Turkish Language Association takes on important missions in strengthening bases of laic and democratic Turkish Republic and using of Turkish as a science and education language.Conclusions:Secularization process (closing dervish lodge and zaviye, unity of education, taken out of caliphate, began from 1925 effects accepted new Turkish alphabet and efforts of purify Turkish Language in State of Turkish Republic. Turkish Language Association in favor ofTurkish Reform takes on important missions in strengthening bases of laic and democratic Turkish Republic and using ofTurkish as a science and education language.

  1. APPOSITIONS IN GERMAN AND IN TURKISH

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    Umut BALCI

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Turkish and German grammar books include word parts combined with secondary nouns. We call these, which exemplify the noun, as apposition. Turkish grammar books draw different conclusions from the term Apposition and it shows that it needs to be especially explicated. The apposition can be seen as resumption of same meaningful lexical units considered as a stylistic device providing a context-dependent credibility of expression, coherence, clarity, variation, adequacy and facility. We use many appositions consciously or unconsciously both in speaking and written language. When we compare the frequency of apposition usage with the relative clause, displaying the same function, apposition is surprisingly higher. According to statistical data, in every 100 sentences chosen from any text, there are about 30 appositions. Nevertheless, the apposition receives little attention especially in grammar teaching books, sometimes it even does not. Although it’s rare occurrence in the grammar books, we constantly encounter their syntactic, semantic and pragmatic dimensions in various types of texts. The reason why the Apposition in grammar teaching has received little discussionmight be a topic of other studies and we are not going to deal with this issue here. The purpose of this particular study is to reveal how much the Apposition is known as a grammatical category by our students and what can be done to increase the related awareness in this regard. Within the scope of this research study, the relative clauses present significance, as they are the most preferred and used ones among the Turkish learners who learn German as a foreign language. Due to their morphosyntactic structural difficulties, they are often memorized more than other forms of sentence. Moreover, they require more effort and in spoken form, they are economically impractical. However, it does not mean that theyarenotused or exaggerated in their usage because each mode of expression has its own value. This means that we see apposition rather than a stylistic device providing variation both in spoken and written language. The structures called as apposition is crucial for German language teaching. These structures, which serve structural functions, are however disregarded yet. Therefore, in this study, initially, the appositional structures in Turkish and German are compared and then an empirical analysis was conducted by an implementation in the course of Comparative Grammar, with 24 second year students of German Language Teaching Department at the Faculty of Education in the University Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart. In addition to the comments on findings, we also suggested various exercise types focusing on the solution offering ways on how it is possible to work through apposition in German language teaching. As a result we have found out that, the apposition in German has different contents from Turkish. We have also found out that nominal syntax, which is not thought like the ones in German grammar, are referred to as apposition in Turkish language. Such conceptual changes are especially seen in broad apposition, which is usually used in both languages with commas, rarely with dashes and parentheses and with colon especially in Turkish. The close apposition behaves partially different in German and Turkish. In German, close appositions, which are combined with a title / salutation form / function / class / profession / or relative name can be prefixed: Staatsanwalt Müller vs. der Staatsanwalt Müller. The non-underlined part is always the apposition and the underlined part, however, is the root word referring to the apposition. The difference in meaning between words and reference makes opposition about definite and indefinite or article and null article and those are seen as a unit of relevant noun phrase. It is impossible to combine both parts with an article. These morphosyntactic findings, which are built with the declination, don’t play a significant role in Turkish appositional forms. Although Nida ö?retmen and ö?retmen Nida are se

  2. Seigniorage revenue and Turkish economy

    OpenAIRE

    Levent, Korap

    2006-01-01

    In our paper, we try to investigate the courses of inflation tax and seigniorage revenue for policy makers of the Turkish economy. For this purpose, we first construct an ex-ante seigniorage revenue maximizing inflation model, and then calculate annual inflation tax and seigniorage revenues for the post-1980 period Turkish economy. Following these theoretical issues, an empirical model is constructed upon the Turkish economy, and our expost estimation results reveal that inside the period con...

  3. Determinants of Turkish Inflation

    OpenAIRE

    Saatcioglu, Cem; Korap, Levent

    2006-01-01

    The main purpose in this paper is to investigate the determinants of inflationary process in Turkish economy. For this purpose, based on some potential causes of inflation, an empirical model is contructed upon emphasizing the roles of various factors on inflationary process. The results obtained support the view of cost-push inflation led by exchange rate depreciations, wage indexation mechanism, real interest structure and public sector pricing behaviour which is considered some part of who...

  4. An Overview of Undergraduate Physiology Education in Turkish Medical Faculties

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    Balkanci, Z. Dicle; Pehlivanoglu, Bilge

    2008-01-01

    Physiology education, which occupies an important place in undergraduate medical education, exhibits diversities across the world. Since there was no specific source of information about physiology education in Turkish medical faculties, the authors aimed to evaluate the general status of undergraduate physiology teaching of medical students in…

  5. An Investigation of School Violence through Turkish Children's Drawings

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    Yurtal, Filiz; Artut, Kazim

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates Turkish children's perception of violence in school as represented through drawings and narratives. In all, 66 students (12 to 13 years old) from the middle socioeconomic class participated. To elicit children's perception of violence, they were asked to draw a picture of a violent incident they had heard, experienced, or…

  6. Eating Attitudes and Their Psychological Correlates among Turkish Adolescents

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    Bas, Murat; Asci, F. Hulya; Karabudak, Efsun; Kiziltan, Gul

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the eating attitudes and psychological characteristics of Turkish late adolescents. Seven hundred eighty-three university students were administered the Eating Attitudes Test, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Social Physique Anxiety Scale. More than one in ten (9.2% of the males and 13.1% of the…

  7. Parenting Styles and Life Satisfaction of Turkish Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya

    2012-01-01

    This study examined adolescents' perception of satisfaction from various life domains according to gender and parenting styles among 562 Turkish adolescents [53.2% girls; Mean (M) age = 14.1, Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.85]. The participants completed the multidimensional students' life satisfaction scale and the parenting style inventory. The…

  8. Examining the Underlying Values of Turkish and German Mathematics Teachers' Decision Making Processes in Group Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dede, Yuksel

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the values underlying the decision-making processes in group studies for Turkish and German mathematics teachers. This study presented a small part of a wider study investigating German and Turkish mathematics teachers' and their students' values (Values in Mathematics Teaching in Turkey and…

  9. Adaptation of Academic Self-Efficacy Scale into Turkish

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    Hüseyin ÖNCÜ

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of this study is to adapt Academic Self-efficacy Scale into Turkish, determine validity and reliability of the scale developed by Morgan and Jinks (2003. Because of the correlation between the marks obtained from the English and Turkish Forms of the scale is .95, both of these forms were accepted as equivalent. Working group of the study included 380 students who were attending 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grades of four different primary schools in three counties of Ankara. Structural validity of the scale determined through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. As a result of exploratory factor analysis, it was seen that scale has three factor structure as it was original, but the third factor formed different factor. Factors were ability, context, and educational quality. Scale's reliability of Turkish form was determined as .80 with repetition and through Cronbach alfa inner reliability technique as .82.

  10. Music Education Department students attitudes towards “Turkish Music History” courseMüzik E?itimi Anabilim Dal? ö?rencilerinin “Türk Müzik Tarihi” dersinin i?leni?ine yönelik görü?leri

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    Burçin Uçaner

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted in order to analyze the attitudes of second, third, and fourth grade students at the Faculty of Education, Department of Music Education towards the Turkish Music History course. Descriptive research methods with quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been adopted with an integrated approach. The sample group includes 871 second, third, and fourth students from Music Education Departments of  12 universities in Turkey. Data have been obtained via a Turkish Music History Course Attitude Scale which was developed by the researcher.According to the findings of the research, students have stated that factors such as the inadequacy of the way the course was given, the attitude of the lecturer, the number of topics covered, the insipidity of the classes, the inappropriateness of the location and time of the classes, and the difficulty of the exams are the main reasons that negatively affected their attitudes. Nevertheless, they have stated that they enjoyed learning about Turkish music that the course contributed to their general knowledge and culture, that they liked the topics and that the course makes a positive impact on other courses; and they have made various suggestions.ÖzetBu ara?t?rma, E?itim Fakültesi Müzik E?itimi Anabilim Dal? 2., 3. ve 4. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin Türk Müzik Tarihi dersinin i?leni?ine yönelik görü?lerini belirlemek amac?yla yap?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rmada nitel boyutlu betimsel ara?t?rma yöntemi kullan?lm??t?r.  Ara?t?rman?n örneklem grubunu  Türkiye’deki 12 üniversitenin E?itim Fakültesi Müzik E?itimi Anabilim Dallar?n?n 2., 3. ve 4. s?n?flar?nda 2010-2011 e?itim ö?retim y?l?nda ö?renim gören toplam 871 ö?renci olu?turmaktad?r. Ara?t?rma ile ilgili veriler Uçaner (2011 taraf?ndan geli?tirilen Türk Müzik Tarihi Dersi Tutum Ölçe?iyle elde edilmi?tir.Ara?t?rman?n bulgular? sonucunda ö?renciler, dersin i?leni? yönteminin yetersiz olmas?,  ö?retim eleman?n?n tutumu,  konular?n çok fazla olu?u, derslerin s?k?c? geçmesi, ders yap?lan ortam?n uygun olmamas?, ders saatinin uygun olmamas?, s?navlar?n zor olu?u gibi nedenlerin tutumlar?n? olumsuz etkilediklerini ifade etmi?lerdir. Ayr?ca Türk Müzik Tarihini ö?renmenin ho?lar?na gitti?ini, dersin genel kültürlerini artt?rd???n?, konular? sevdiklerini, dersin di?er derslerine faydal? oldu?unu da ifade etmi?ler ve çe?itli önerilerde bulunmu?lard?r.

  11. A DIFFERENT APPROACH TO TEACHING HISTORY OF TURKISH EDUCATION: PAINTING EXHIBITION

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    Yasemin ERSÖZ

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Turkish history of education is a lesson which examines our educational ideas, thoughts, corporations and experiences till today and light the way for resolution of today’s education. One of the purposes of the educational faculties is trying to make education problems of Turkey and Turkish world comprehended by students within historical depth and unity and direct them to take lessons from past experiences and find solutions. However in the current mechanism the efficiency of the Turkish Education History lesson is a matter of debate. Student oriented approaches which will save this lesson from being a chronological memorization lesson and increase student interest and make them comprehend the importance of the lesson. In this context Turkish Education History lesson was conducted by project based learning approach, which is one of the modern learning methods, in 2011-2012 academic year, in Inonu University, Education Faculty, Art Teaching Department. In this frame, a project aiming to develop a positive attitude from 3rd grade students towards Turkish Education History lesson and effective learning, was developed. The Turkish Education History of 2500 years starting from Huns until today, was visualized by students by using painting, sculpture and graph and an exhibition was held within the Education Faculty body consisting of the 58 created pieces of art. After the exhibition which received the appreciation of lecturers and education faculty students, the ideas of students having the Turkish Education history lesson were received about the process of project based learning approach used in the lesson. In this study, case study which is among the qualitative research patterns was conducted, semi-configured interview was performed with 22 volunteer students by taking their voice records. From the interview results, it was understood that while most of the students had a negative thoughts and attitudes towards the lesson at the beginning of the term, their thoughts and attitudes towards the lesson changed in positive direction after the project based learning.

  12. Obesity-Related Factors in Turkish School Children

    OpenAIRE

    Dündar, Cihad; Öz, Hatice

    2012-01-01

    Objective. To determine the prevalence of obesity and its risk factors in Turkish children. Method. This cross-sectional survey was conducted on students including 1271 boys and 1206 girls selected from 20 secondary schools in Samsun, Turkey. A predesigned questionnaire was used to elicit the information on individual characteristics. The height and weight of students were measured in their classroom. Obesity was defined as body mass index at or above the 95th percentile for a...

  13. Zenica Üniversitesi Türkoloji Bölümündeki Bo?nak Ö?rencilerin Türkçe Metin Okumadaki Sorunlar? The problems of Bosnian students at Turkology Department of Zenica University in reading Turkish texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet KARA

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the basic skills of language teaching is reading. Readingskill briefly means vocalizing the symbols in text and comprehendingthe unity consisting of these symbols. Aim at reading skill iscomprehension of the reading text. In addition to that comprehension isoriginal purpose, pronunciation of the text is at least as crucial ascomprehending it in oral reading, one of the reading types. The reasonis that reader is not alone in oral reading. Audience exert effort fort hetext with the reader, either. In teaching Turkish to foreigners, generallyreading training and specifically oral reading are important just as inmother-tongue teaching.In the study, features of a successful oral reading are stated. Oralreading could be also thought as a reading skill scale in foreignlanguage teaching, as in mother-tongue, either. Oral reading skill of thestudents, learning Turkish as a foreign language, must be well.However, oral reading skill is within the other skills. Oral reading is areading skill activity. It is also a listening activity for the audience and aspeaking activity fort he reader. Teachers, teaching Turkish toforeigners, should make a point of oral reading because of the featuresof oral reading, stated here and below.In the study, Bosnian students’ basic oral reading mistakes havebeen tried to be identified. Within this scope, determined text has beenread by 19 students, composing the study group and their voice hasbeen recorded. Oral reading mistakes, word repetition, syncopation andvoice addings have been classified as misreading mistakes. Based ondefined mistakes, suggestions have been made upon solutions of them. Dil ö?retiminin temel becerilerinden biri de okumad?r. Okuma becerisi k?saca metindeki sembollerin seslendirilip, bu sembollerden olu?an bütünlü?ün anla??lmas? demektir. Okuma becerisinde amaç okunan metnin anla??lmas?d?r. Okuma türlerinden olan sesli okumada da anlamak as?l amaç olmakla birlikte metnin seslendirilmesi en az anlamak kadar önemlidir. Çünkü sesli okumada okuyucu yaln?z de?ildir. Dinleyici de okuyucuyla beraber metne yönelik çaba sarf etmektedir. Anadil e?itiminde oldu?u gibi Yabanc?lara Türkçe ö?retiminde de genelde okuma e?itimi özelde ise sesli okuma önemlidir.Çal??mada ba?ar?l? bir sesli okuman?n özellikleri belirtilmi?tir. Sesli okuma anadil e?itiminde oldu?u gibi yabanc? dil e?itiminde de okuma becerisi ölçe?i olarak dü?ünülebilir. Türkçeyi yabanc? dil olarak ö?renen ö?rencilerin sesli okuma becerilerin iyi olmas? gerekmektedir. Bununla birlikte sesli okuma becerisi di?er becerilerle iç içedir. Sesli okuma, okuma becerisi etkinli?i oldu?u gibi dinleyen için bir dinleme etkinli?i, okuyan için bir konu?ma etkinli?idir. Yabanc?lara Türkçe ö?reten ö?retmenler sesli okuman?n burada ve a?a??da belirtilen özelliklerinden dolay? sesli okumaya özen göstermelidirler.Bu çal??mada Bo?nak ö?rencilerin Türkçeyi ö?renirken yapt?klar? temel sesli okuma hatalar? tespit edilmeye çal???lm??t?r. Bu kapsamda çal??ma grubunu olu?turan 19 ö?renciye belirlenen bir metin okutulmu? ve sesleri kaydedilmi?tir. Sesli okuma hatalar? kelime tekrar?, hece yutumu, ses yutumu, ses eklemeleri, yanl?? okuma hatalar? olarak s?n?fland?r?lm??t?r. Belirlenen hatalardan yola ç?k?larak hatalar?n çözümlerine yönelik önerilerde bulunulmu?tur.

  14. The dynamics of the high-speed abilities of young players 12, 13, 14 years old

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimir Perevoznyk

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: to determine the dynamics of the high-speed abilities of young players. Materials and Methods: the change in performance of speed players at women's 30 meters run, using both specific and non-specific methods. In the training process of players 12–14 years to use specific tools, as well as holding athletic activities for the development of speed. The literature analyzed for the development of young players quickness, educational testing, methods of mathematical statistics. Results: t...

  15. Mucin-producing Malignant Tumor of Lower Eyelid Presenting in a 14-year-old Patient

    OpenAIRE

    Latorre, Andrea; Alghothani, Lana; Lambert, David; Jatana, Kris R.; Peters, Sara; Foster, Jill; Hill, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Malignancies of the ocular adnexa are rare, aggressive tumors with significant potential for local recurrence and metastases. Although basal cell carcinoma remains the most common malignancy of the eyelid, encompassing more than 90 percent of all periocular cancers, several other malignant neoplasms have been reported. Malignant ocular adnexal neoplasms are most commonly of sweat gland origin and include hidradenocarcinoma, mucinous eccrine adenocarcinoma, and apocrine adenocarcinoma of the g...

  16. Evaluation of study competence in pupils between 12-14 years old

    OpenAIRE

    Rial Sánchez, Raquel; Ana I Couce Santalla; Luis M Sobrado Fernández

    2002-01-01

    There are three main study areas of guidance needs for pupils in Compulsory Secondary Education (CSE) which are academic development, personal and social development and the area of professional career. The area of academic development is where the knowledge to be acquired by the pupils, attitudes towards efficient learning in schools and the skills of efficient study are inculcated, the latter being the objective of our study. The research was taken from a sample of 80 school children betwee...

  17. The development of clear speech strategies in 9-14 year olds

    OpenAIRE

    Pettinato, M.; Hazan, V.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the development of global clear speech strategies of child talkers. Two groups of 20 talkers aged 9-10 (children) and 13-14 (teens) were recorded in pairs while they carried out spot the difference picture tasks, either hearing each other normally (NB condition) or with one talker hearing the other via a three-channel noise vocoder (VOC condition). Acoustic-phonetic analyses focused on the talker having to overcome the communication barrier. Data were compared to those...

  18. Correlation between Fitness and Fatness in 6-14-year Old Serbian School Children

    OpenAIRE

    Sergej M Ostojic; Stojanovic, Marko D.; Stojanovic, Vladan; Maric, Jelena; Njaradi, Nenad

    2011-01-01

    Lack of physical activity and/or physical fitness are some reasons epidemiologists suggest for increase in childhood obesity in the last 20 years, with clear correlation between body composition and physical activity and/or physical fitness yet to be determined. The objectives of the study were to (a) investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Serbian school children and (b) determine the relationship between indicators of physical activity and body fatness in Serbian school c...

  19. A 14-year-old girl with an unusual combination of incontinentia pigmenti and conversion disorder

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Yan; Chen, Yihui; Wang, Qiaoshu; Wang, Guodong; Guo, Chunni; Wang, Feng; Deng, Xiaolei; Wang, Weizhen

    2013-01-01

    Incontinentia pigmenti is a rare X-linked neurological-skin genetic disease. Some studies have shown that about 30~40% of patients with IP have varying symptoms of eye/central nervous system which are the major causes of disability. Conversion disorder is one of the most common mental diseases in children and may exhibit the single or multiple neurological symptoms. In this paper, we will report a child with new and rare incontinentia pigmenti accompanied by conversion disorder and explore th...

  20. Quality of Life in Under-14-Year-Old Children After Adenotonsillectomy

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    Fathollah Behnoud

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy is one of the most frequent surgical procedures especially in children. Several indications and contraindications have been suggested for this procedure. The benefits and the negative results of this operation have been studied by different researchers; nevertheless, to date, it is still a common procedure. The main purpose of this study is to obtain extensive information on the outcomes of adenotonsillectomy, according to the patient's physical, emotional and behavioral changes and also on the overall changes in his/her quality of life (QOL. Materials and Methods: All the children, aged 1-14, referred to the Besat Hospital clinics (Hamadan, Iran between March 2008 and March 2009 were included in this study. Overall, 86 children with documented indications underwent adenotonsillectomy, and were followed up for one year.  Two modified standard questionnaires for QOL were completed before and one year after the tonsillectomy. Upon the completion of this two-year study, statistical analyses were performed, and the demographic data of the study groups were compared with those of a same-age group. Results: Changes were observed in five main complaints as follow: Acute Recurrent tonsillitis was present in 86 patients preoperatively, but in only three cases postoperatively (pharyngitis. Confirmed chronic sinusitis was present in 24 patients preoperatively, but only in three cases during the year after the surgery. Oral breathing was seen in 82 patients preoperatively, but only in one patient during the year after the surgery. Nocturnal snoring was seen in 83 children preoperatively, but in 25 cases during the year after the surgery. Halitosis was present in 71 patients, while and halitosis was seen in 27 during the year after the surgery. Conclusion: Overall, the majority of the parameters studied showed significant differences after surgery.

  1. STUDY ON DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF COMBATIVITY OF JUDOKA 11-14 YEARS OLD

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    Sava Mihai Adrian

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Given the purpose of the research and the expectations, we formulated the following hypotheses: 1. Combativity is a component of the mental capacity that promotes / limits athletic performance in judo. 2. In the preparatory process the combativity is an independent variable of the mental capacity. To conduct this research we used the questionnaire method. Thus we developed a questionnaire entitled "Questionnaire for discovering the combative spirit level", which contains 25 questions. The questionnaire was applied to a sample of 12 judo athletes aged 11 to 14 years, which is the experimental group of the present research and who are legitimated at Royal Judo Club Bac?u. The implementation of a strategy to optimize the combativity of judoka 11-14 years at the experimental level, ended with good results and was reflected in the evolution of the judoka, achieving good and very good results in the competitive period.

  2. The dynamics of the high-speed abilities of young players 12, 13, 14 years old

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Perevoznyk

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to determine the dynamics of the high-speed abilities of young players. Materials and Methods: the change in performance of speed players at women's 30 meters run, using both specific and non-specific methods. In the training process of players 12–14 years to use specific tools, as well as holding athletic activities for the development of speed. The literature analyzed for the development of young players quickness, educational testing, methods of mathematical statistics. Results: the dynamics of development of physical skill of speed for young players using specific and non-specific methods. Conclusions: the use of the training process in microcycle preparatory period of athletics orientation training gives a positive result in the development of the physical speed quality.

  3. Medication use among children 0-14 years old: population baseline study

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    Maria J.B. Cruz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of medication use in children and adolescents in 20 municipalities of Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais-Brazil, showing the main groups and variables that may have influenced use. METHODS: Descriptive population-based survey sample of 555 interviews, selected by simple random cluster sampling of 137 census tracts. Inclusion criteria were age ? 14 years, mandatory interview with the legal guardians, and regardless of having received medications. Regarding the usage pattern, participants were divided into two groups: consumption and non-consumption of drugs. A descriptive analysis of the variables and tests of association were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of drug consumption was 56.57%, and 42.43% showed no consumption. The use of medicinal plants was 72.9% for drug users and 74.3% for non-users. The health conditions for consumption were cough, common cold, flu, nasal congestion or bronchospasm (49.7%, fever (5.4%, headache (5.4%, diarrhea, indigestion, and abdominal colic (6.7%. In cases of self-medication, 30.57% of the drugs were given by the mother, and 69.42% were prescription drugs. Self-medication was prevalent using paracetamol (30.2%, dipyrone (20.8%, and cold medicine (18.8%. There was increased use of analgesics/antipyretics, followed by respiratory medications, systemic antibiotics, histamine H1 antagonists, and vitamins/antianemics. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of drugs use in children was high, indicating the need for formulating educational programs aiming at the awareness of caregivers regarding rational use.

  4. Airbag induced facial and bilateral ocular injuries in a 14-year-old child

    OpenAIRE

    Alquraini, Talal A.; Aggour, Mustafa A.; Zamzam, Ahmed M.

    2010-01-01

    Although air bags have reduced the incidence of fatal and severe injuries in automobile collisions, they have been shown to carry a risk of injury themselves. Ocular injury in particular can often be a direct consequence of air bag deployment.

  5. Determination of Turkish Education Teacher Candidates’ Views Related to Critical Thinking

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    Zeynep ÇET?NKAYA

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In this research, the aim is to determine the views of Turkish Education teacher candidates related to critical thinking. The data have been obtained by “California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory” transcribed into Turkish by Kökdemir (2003. The research group of the study is composed of 195 students in the department of Turkish Education in Faculty of Education at Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University. Descriptive statistics, t test and one-way analysis of variance have been used for data analysis. As a result of the research, it has been found that Turkish Education teacher candidates’ critical thinking dispositions are low. While there is no meaningful difference according to the type of school graduated, there has been obtained meaningful differences for gender and class variances. Female teacher candidates compared to male ones and the students in the 1st class compared to the ones in the 4th class have showed more positive opinions related to critical thinking.

  6. Cartoons as a Teaching Tool: A Research on Turkish Language Grammar Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaman, Havva

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of teaching by utilizing cartoons on student success in the Turkish language courses in primary school secondary level students. Working group of the study consists of 54 students studying in primary state school in Sakarya province Hendek district. In the study, the "Rule and Concept Test on…

  7. A Controlled Evaluation of a School-Based Obesity Prevention in Turkish School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toruner, Ebru Kilicarslan; Savaser, Sevim

    2010-01-01

    This research was conducted to assess the effect of a weight management program in Turkish school children with overweight and obesity. Forty one students formed the intervention group while 40 students formed the control group in two elementary schools. Students in intervention group were given seven training sessions in a period of 2.5 months.…

  8. Elderly Turkish Migrants in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blaakilde, Anne Leonora; Petersen, Signe Sofia Gronwald; Yazici, Suzan

    2014-01-01

    Elderly Turkish migrants in Denmark: Health in a life course perspective Objective According to Statistics Denmark, Turkish immigrants constitute the largest immigrant group in Denmark with 1.1% of the population (60,390 people) in 2012. They account for a higher rate of chronic ailments and a higher proportion of self-reported illness and are in higher risk of health problems and morbidity than their Danish counterparts. Furthermore, their health differences increase more by age. The research p...

  9. A Checklist of Turkish Rotifers

    OpenAIRE

    USTAO?LU, Mustafa Ru?en; ALTINDA?, Ahmet; Kaya, Murat; AKBULUT, Nuray (EM?R)

    2012-01-01

    In a book chapter containing the first checklist and distribution of Turkish rotifers, published in 1999, were listed 167 taxa. The second checklist, published in 2004, reported 229 rotifer taxa in Turkey. During the 7 years since this checklist process, many studies have been carried out and we have prepared a new checklist of Turkish rotifers in the present study. In all, 341 rotifer taxa have been recorded to date.

  10. Determinants of Turkish FDI abroad

    OpenAIRE

    Kayam, Saime Suna; Hisarciklilar, Mehtap

    2009-01-01

    ABSTRACT This study examines the determinants of Turkish outward FDI employing a gravity model. The model estimates the impact of traditional gravity variables, as well as openness, labour productivity, infrastructure, institutions and economic stability on FDI outflows from Turkey to 11 countries, which account for approximately 90% of Turkish outward FDI stock, over the period 1999-2005 years using panel data random effects techniqu...

  11. An Examination of the Factor Structure of the Turkish Version of the Online Learning Environment Survey

    OpenAIRE

    Özkök, Alev; Faculty of Education of Hacettepe University; Yurdugül, Halil; Faculty of Education of Hacettepe University; A?kar, Petek; Izmir University of Economics Faculty of Arts and Sciences

    2011-01-01

    The primary aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Online Learning Environment Survey (OLES) in postsecondary distance education. The OLES is a 54 item instrument for assessing social-psychological perceptions among distance education students. The second aim was to investigate empirically perception of the online learning environment in Turkish context. This paper consisted of three models explaining online learning environments in the Tur...

  12. Postmaterialism, new environmental paradigm and ecocentric approach: A qualitative and quantitative study of environmental attitudes of Turkish senior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taskin, Ozgur

    The present study aims to elucidate the determinant factors that affect environmental attitudes (EA) of senior high school students in Turkey and the origins of these EAs. Over nine hundred students from different school types, neighborhoods, geographical regions, social-economic backgrounds participated in the questionnaire based surveys which are called the New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) and the General Attitudes and Perceptions (GAP), and twenty of those students were interviewed as well. Survey results show that EAs of students vary depending on school type, gender, parents' education levels and professions, and household income. Normal public high school students, females, lower-middle class students, students with well educated parents in white collar professions, and student with liberal parents have more pro-environmental attitudes than the others. With regard to school type, students from public technical high school (vocational school), almost all of which are based on single-sex education, have scored the lowest on both surveys which are the NEP and the GAP. The results from the qualitative portion are as follows: Students' perceptions about the environment and related issues are limited to their local habitat. Although the mean scores of students on both surveys do not differ to a statistically significant extent depending on geographical regions, interviews show that participants from different regions have distinct priorities, which range from poverty to sea pollution. Even though students' first priority in their lives is education, education is perceived as a mechanism to achieve a more prosperous life rather than an end in itself. Almost all interview participants agree on the importance of education in shaping EAs. Interestingly, some interviewees (four out of ten males) also comment that a man's sense of his own masculinity can be threatened when confronted by another man to change his attitude towards the environment.

  13. Adaptation of Instructional Materials Motivation Survey to Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study

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    Hülya Kutu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to adapt “Instructional Materials Motivation Survey [IMMS]”, developed by J. M. Keller, to Turkish and investigate validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the survey. The original version of the survey was composed of 36 items gathered under four factors (attention, relevance, confidence, satisfaction. The survey was translated into Turkish. Views of 15 faculty members who were expert in Turkish and foreign language were sought in terms of correctness of meaning in Turkish and integrity of items into culture of Turkish education system. Turkish version of the survey was administered to total of 262 university students from Education Faculties of Ataturk and Erzincan Universities. The item-total correlations were calculated, and items which had negative or low correlation with the total survey score (r<.30 were excluded from the survey. The construct validity of the survey was examined by exploratory factor analysis. Varimax rotation technique was used due to the separation into irrelevant factors. Finally the survey was constructed from 24 item gathered under two factors. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha for the whole survey was calculated as 0.83, and 0.79 and 0.69 for the two sub-factors respectively.

  14. Examining Psychological Well-Being and Self-Esteem Levels of Turkish Students in Gaining Identity against Role during Conflict Periods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isiklar, Abdullah

    2012-01-01

    In this research, university students' psychological well being and self-esteem levels are investigated in terms of a number of variables. The sample in this study is composed of 382 university students. To gather the data for this study, the Subjective Information Form, Psychological Well-Being Scale and Self-Esteem Scale are used. T tests and…

  15. An Examination of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003 Turkish Database with the Aim of Exploring the Relationship between Homework Variables and Mathematics Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzeller, Cem Oktay; Akin, Ayca

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the amount of time spent on homework in all subjects (HTAS), the time spent on mathematics homework (MHT), confidence in doing mathematics homework (HCM) and the mathematics achievement of students in Turkey, based on data from the programme for international student assessment…

  16. ?lkö?retim 5. S?n?f Türkçe Ders Kitab?ndaki Deyim Varl???n?n Ö?rencilerin Al?c? Söz Varl???na Katk?s? The Effect of Idioms in Primary Education 5. Grade Turkish Course Book on Students Receptive Vocabulary

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    Mediha MANGIR

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The mother tongue is the first acquired language by individuals infamily and the society they born. While the family and inner circle areeffective in teaching mother tongue until the school age, by the way ofeducational institutions this teaching becomes more systematic.In Turkey primary schools are the leading institutions undertakesmother tongue teaching. These schools try to teach word attack skillsby predetermined programs and course books. According to PrimaryEducation Turkish program by means of the language education,students should have enough reading and listening skills to understandwhat they read and listen, and have enough speaking and writing skillsto express their needs, emotions and ideas.Turkish course book is an important means to develop student’slanguage skills. In Turkey for a lot of students writing activities islimited with texts in the course books. Thus the text in course booksshould represent Turkish vocabulary in every respect. The idioms,which express concepts and some certain situations withmetaphorically, are the intangible parts of the Turkish culture. Theseimportant components should be taught to children systematically.The 5. Grade students are regarded at the beginning of formaloperation as of cognitive development. This period is ideal to teachidioms and make these idioms permanent in their receptive vocabulary.But which idioms teach initially isn’t indicated obviously in TurkishCurriculum.In this study, ascertaining the idioms in Turkish course book(2012 and evaluation of them in terms of their being idiom process.Moreover the contribution of these idioms (according to their type totexts in Turkish course book will be discussed. Ana dili, bireyin içinde do?up büyüdü?ü aile ya da toplum çevresinde ilk ö?rendi?i dildir. Ana dili ö?retiminde aile ve yak?n çevre okul ça??na kadar etkili olurken, e?itim kurumlar? arac?l???yla ana dili ö?retimi daha sistemli bir hâl al?r.Türkiye’de ilkö?retim okullar?, ana dili ö?retimini üstlenen e?itim kurumlar?n?n ba??nda gelir. Bu okullar, ö?rencilere belirlenmi? bir program üzerinden ders kitaplar? arac?l???yla dilin anlama ve anlatma becerilerini kazand?rmaya çal???rlar. ?lkö?retim Türkçe program?na göre ö?renciler, ald?klar? dil e?itimiyle, okuduklar?n? ve dinlediklerini anlayacak kadar okuma ve dinleme becerisi; isteklerini, duygular?n? ve dü?üncelerini anlatacak kadar da konu?ma ve yazma becerisi kazanmal?d?r.Türkçe ders kitab?, ö?rencilerin dil becerilerini geli?tirmelerinde önemli bir araçt?r. Türkiye’de birçok ö?renci için okumaya yönelik etkinlikler sadece ders kitab?ndaki metinlerle s?n?rl?d?r. Bu sebeple kitaplarda yer alacak metinler, Türkçenin söz varl??? ögelerinin iyi ?ekilde yans?t?ld??? metinler olmal?d?r. Kavramlar? ve belli durumlar? mecaz yoluyla anlatan deyimler, Türk kültürünün manevi parçalar?ndan biridir. Sözlü kültürün bu önemli ögeleri, ö?rencilerin söz varl???na sistemli bir ?ekilde kazand?r?lmal?d?r.?lkö?retim 5. s?n?f ö?rencileri bili?sel geli?im olarak soyut dönemin ba??nda de?erlendirilirler. Bu dönem deyimlerin ö?retilmesi, ö?rencilerin al?c? söz varl???na kazand?r?lmas? için ideal zamand?r. Ancak hangi deyimlerin öncelikli olarak ö?retilece?i Türkçe ö?retim program?nda da aç?k olarak belirtilmemi?tir.Bu çal??mada, ?lkö?retim Türkçe 5 Ders Kitab? (2012’nda yer alan deyimlerin tespit edilmesi ve deyimle?me dereceleri bak?m?ndan de?erlendirilmeleri amaçlanm??t?r. Bunun yan?nda, metinlerde derecelerine göre yer alan deyimlerin ö?rencilerin söz varl?klar?na katk?s? üzerinde durulacakt?r.

  17. Factors influencing Turkish teacher candidates' elective course preferences

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    Duygu Uçgun

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available By the Academic Year of 2006-2007, new curriculum has been begun to be applied in the Faculties of Education. When it is evaluated in terms of Turkish Language Teacher Training Departments, it is seen that the most attractive changes are the abolition of Side Branch application, the increase in the number of the courses which will contribute to teacher candidates’ profession and the enrichment in the content. In the curriculum are 5 elective courses beside necessary ones. The aim of this study is to determine what and how much effects the Turkish Language Teacher Candidates as they decide on the courses mentioned above. In the study, based on scanning method, of which subject is consists of 2nd, 3rd and 4th year students from Turkish Language Teacher Training Department, The Faculty of Education of Nigde University Likert-type Scale with four grades which was improved by Tezcan and Gumus (2008 has been used as data collection tool. According to the finding acquired from the study the factors effecting Turkish Language Teacher Candidates’ preferences about elective courses have been determined and ideas which are going to contribute to determination of elective courses and effective process of them have been suggested.

  18. Influence of Students’ Understanding and Goal Commitment on Academic Achievement in Introductory Technology in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Godwin A. Akpan; Uduak G. Mbaba; Aniefiok E. Udofia

    2012-01-01

    The study examined the influence of students’ understanding and goal commitment on their academic achievement in Introductory Technology in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. An ex-post facto survey design was used and a random sample of 2,500 junior secondary three (13-14 years old) students from a population of 48,302 JSS three students in the state public schools in 2008/2009 session. Data on independent variables were gathered with researchers – developed instrument called Stu...

  19. Turkish students’ perceptions of professionalism at the beginning and at the end of medical education: a cross-sectional qualitative study

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    Mustafa Volkan Kavas

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Medical students’ perceptions of professionalism might reflect the impact of the current educational processes on their professional identity development. This study focuses on Ankara University Faculty of Medicine students’ perceptions of ‘good doctor’ along with the factors effective on the formation of these perceptions. Method: Six focus groups with 59 medical students from Grade-1 and Grade-6 were held. The transcripts of discussions were analyzed thematically. Results: Results regarding ‘being a good physician’ mostly mirrored the findings of previous studies framing the medical professionalism concept. The thematic pattern of the discussions on the relation between professional development and medical education suggests that students suffer from a gradual erosion of perception during medical education. That the education cannot either change the person for the better or might downgrade the person instead of improving her/him were shared by participants from both grades. Students consider clinical practice and role models two main variables determining the person's qualification as a professional. Conclusions: The formal and hidden programs determine the quality and efficacy of the professional education together. Attempts to restructure medical education must recognize the reciprocal dynamics between these two components and, thus, should carefully work out the practical aspect of the educational processes.

  20. Second-Generation Turkish Youth in Europe: Explaining the Academic Disadvantage in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Steve

    2011-01-01

    This investigation examines the role of students' home and school variables in producing the achievement gap between second-generation Turkish students and their native peers in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Using the data from PISA 2006, this study supports past findings that both home and school resources affect the educational outcomes of…

  1. The Relationship between Gender and Classroom Environment in Turkish Science Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, Anita G.; Cakir, Mustafa; Peterson, Claudette M.; Ray, Christopher M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of gender between actual and preferred classroom environment and use of technology in the science classroom of Turkish students. Employing stratified random sampling procedures, data were collected from 985 students from schools across twelve different districts in Istanbul, Turkey. The…

  2. Turkish Classroom Teachers' Views on School Readiness: A Phenomenological Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotaman, Huseyin

    2014-01-01

    In a democratic education system, it is important to provide equal opportunity to every child. Both educators and researchers acknowledge a gap between students who attend school ready to learn and those who do not. School readiness prepares students for this learning. The purpose of the study was to ascertain Turkish classroom teachers'…

  3. Effectiveness of Learning Strategies over Reading Comprehension, Writing Skills and Learners’ Attitudes towards Turkish Course

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    ?. Dilek BELET

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This study, which attempts to determine the effectiveness of learning strategies on reading comprehension, writing skills and learners’ attitudes towards theirTurkish course, was carried out by the controlled pre/posttest model of the experimental model. The study subjects were 5-A and 5-B groups attending Ahmet Olcay Primary School throughout 2004-2005 academic year in the fall semester. There were 22 students in the experimental group, 21 students in the control group, totally 43 students participated in this study. Data collection process was achieved through an academic achievement test, developed by the researcher, course materials, structured observation forms and the “Attitude Scale Regarding Turkish Course” developed by Acat (2000. According to the findings of the study: reading comprehension skills, writing skills and attitudes towards the Turkish course were developed via learning strategies.

  4. Do Attitudes toward School Influence the Underachievement of Turkish and Moroccan Minority Students in Flanders? The Attitude-Achievement Paradox Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'hondt, Fanny; Van Praag, Lore; Stevens, Peter A. J.; Van Houtte, Mieke

    2015-01-01

    While many ethnic minority students underachieve compared with their ethnic majority peers, they often hold very positive school attitudes. Mickelson (1990) explained this attitude-achievement paradox by the existence of a double set of attitudes. Abstract attitudes reflect the dominant ideas about schooling, while concrete attitudes refer to a…

  5. Trends in Turkish Education Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varisoglu, Behice; Sahin, Abdullah; Goktas, Yuksel

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine trends in the subject areas, methods, data collection tools, data analysis methods, and sample types used in recent studies on Turkish education, published in journals from 2000-2011. A total of 558 articles from 44 journals were selected from databases by the purposive sampling method and examined using…

  6. The Turkish Minority in Bulgaria

    OpenAIRE

    Marina Liakova

    2012-01-01

    The Turks constitute the largest ethnic minority in Bulgaria. The Turkish minority is well represented in politics and public administration, but it only marginally takes part in social and economic life in Bulgaria. In the public perception of the ethnic Bulgarians negative attitudes towards “the Turks” and Islam prevail, which can be traced back to the Ottoman era.

  7. The Turkish Minority in Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Liakova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Turks constitute the largest ethnic minority in Bulgaria. The Turkish minority is well represented in politics and public administration, but it only marginally takes part in social and economic life in Bulgaria. In the public perception of the ethnic Bulgarians negative attitudes towards “the Turks” and Islam prevail, which can be traced back to the Ottoman era.

  8. USE OF THE STORIES FORMED WITH DRAMA IN TURKISH EDUCATION

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    Ömer Tu?rul KARA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available New Turkish Program has been based upon activities that will provide participation of students to the educational process. Story formation with drama which is one of the most suitable activities to actualize requirements of the Turkish education is to animate improvised or proverbial stories using drama techniques. What has been meant with the expression of story formation in drama studies is to accommodate story genre into animation of other genres including texts based upon events rather than dramatization of the genre’s itself. Through the animation of the story, the student will have the opportunity of examining, analyzing and solving the problems related to real life. While concepts such as hero, target, obstacle /event have been the primary elements of story formation, concepts such as speech line and metaxis (dramatic existence are the secondary elements. There can be provided the acquisition of four basic language abilities to be actualized, association of linguistic concepts with daily life and exposure of a hidden ability into the light through the stories formed with drama in Turkish lessons. This study has been carried out using the scanning model and relevant researches within the bounds of the subject have been benefited.

  9. A REV?EW ON SCIENTIFIC EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS OF TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES

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    ?zzet ?EREF

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine scientific epistemological beliefs of Turkish teacher candidates. In this research, we used survey method. In this study, 117 selected students by easily accessible sampling techniques participated from department of Turkish education, Faculty of Education of Atatürk University. “Scientific Epistemological Beliefs Survey” adapted in Turkish by Acat, Tüken and Karada? (2010 was used to collect the data. The collected data of the study analyzed by the SPSS 16.0 package program and analyzed by chi-square and t test. At the end of the research it was found significant difference according to the gender in favor of girls and according to level in favor of first-year students in scientific epistemological beliefs.

  10. Adaptation of Chemistry Perception Questionnaire into Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study with Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis

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    Cemal Tosun

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to adapt “Chemistry Perception Questionnaire (CPQ”, developed by Wells (2003, into Turkish and investigate validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the scale. The original version of the scale was composed of 35 items gathered under seven factors (aptitude, chemophobia, discipline, ethnicity, gender, instruction and value. First, permission from the developers of the scale was sought. Then, the items of the scale were translated into Turkish by researcher. The translation validity of the scale was examined by referring to the views of English and Turkish language experts. Once the final form of the scale had been derived, an English language expert translated the items of the scale from Turkish to English. The results obtained from this translation indicated that the Turkish version scale closely approximated to the original scale. Turkish version of the scale was administered to total of 435 university students from Education, Science and Engineering Faculties of Bartin, Kirikkale, Kilis 7 Aralik and Mustafa Kemal Universities. The item-total correlations were calculated and items which had negative or low correlation with the total scale score were excluded from the scale. The construct validity of the scale was examined by exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Varimax rotation technique was used due to the separation into irrelevant factors. Finally the scale was constructed from 20 items gathered under five factors (gender, value, chemophobia, discipline, aptitude. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha for the whole scale was calculated as .745.

  11. Prospective Turkish Primary Teachers' Views about the Use of Computers in Mathematics Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dogan, Mustafa

    2012-01-01

    The use of computers and technology in mathematics education affects students' learning, achievements, and affective dimensions. This study explores prospective Turkish primary mathematics teachers' views about the use of computers in mathematics education. The sample comprised of 129 fourth-year prospective primary mathematics teachers from two…

  12. The Associations among Perceived Pubertal Timing, Parental Relations and Self-Perception in Turkish Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gure, Aysen; Ucanok, Zehra; Sayil, Melike

    2006-01-01

    This study is primarily aimed at investigating how pubertal timing is perceived in urban Turkish adolescents in terms of their feelings about maturation, their relationships with their parents, and their self-perception. A total of 697 high-school students (360 girls, 337 boys) between the ages of 14 and 18 (M = 16.15, SD = 1.08) were included in…

  13. Attitudes toward Physical Education and Class Preferences of Turkish Adolescents in Terms of School Gender Composition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koca, Canan; Asci, F. Hulya; Demirhan, Giyasettin

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine attitudes toward physical education (PE and PE class preferences of high school Turkish students in terms of school gender composition; 213 girls and 249 boys from coeducational public schools, and 196 girls and 210 boys from single-sex vocational schools participated in the study. The Attitudes Toward…

  14. Psychometric Qualities of the UCLA Loneliness Scale-Version 3 as Applied in a Turkish Culture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durak, Mithat; Senol-Durak, Emre

    2010-01-01

    The University of California, Los Angeles, Loneliness Scale-Version 3 (UCLA LS3) is the most frequently used loneliness assessment tool. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the UCLA LS3 by utilizing two separate and independent samples: Turkish university students (n = 481) and elderly (n = 284). The results demonstrate that…

  15. Individual Differences in the Mental Rotation Skills of Turkish Prospective Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turgut, Melih

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of gender, academic performance and preschool education on mental rotation skills among Turkish prospective teachers. A total of 525 undergraduate students (364 female) from a government university located in western Turkey completed the Mental Rotation Test (MRT). A three-way [2 (gender) × 5 (academic…

  16. Exploration of Problematic Internet Use and Social Interaction Anxiety among Turkish Pre-Service Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuhadar, Cem

    2012-01-01

    The current study investigated the relationship between problematic Internet use and social interaction anxiety among pre-service teachers. Participants were 1235 students attending teacher training programs at a Turkish state university. The "Problematic Internet Use Scale" and "Social Interaction Anxiety Scale" were used to collect the data.…

  17. Determinants of Condom Use Intentions and Behavior among Turkish Youth: A Theoretically Based Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozakinci, Gozde; Weinman, John A.

    2006-01-01

    The assumptions of two social cognition models, the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991) and the Health Belief Model (Rosenstock, 1974) are examined in 2 samples of Turkish university students: sexually active and sexually inactive. For sexually inactive participants, perceived benefits of condom use and self-efficacy beliefs regarding condom…

  18. Four New Rotifera Species of Turkish Fauna

    OpenAIRE

    , Sevil Erdo?an; , Hüseyin Güher

    2012-01-01

    Four rotifer species were recorded from 3 freshwater bodies (Pedina and Hamam Lakes, ??neada-K?rklareli and Ömerbey Stream, Uzunköprü- Edirne) in Turkish Thrace. These species, Trichocerca bicristata (Gosse, 1887), Gastropus minor (Rousselet, 1892) , Erignatha clastopis (Gosse, 1886) and Encentrum kulmatyckii Wiszniewski, 1953, are new records for the Turkish fauna. Besides, the recorded species are illustrated and aspects of their distribution are represented....

  19. Multiple Intelligences Theory in Turkish Education System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaya, Osman Nafiz

    2006-01-01

    Turkey can be regarded as a cultural bridge between the East and the West. After Turkish Republic was established by Ataturk in 1923, many radical revolutions, including the Turkish Education System, were made in order for Turkey to reach the level of contemporary civilizations. In the last two decades, Multiple Intelligences (MI) theory has been…

  20. Relationship satisfaction among Turkish and British adults

    OpenAIRE

    Celenk, Ozgur; Goodwin, Robin; Van de Vijver, Alphonsius Josephus Rachel

    2011-01-01

    We tested three theories (adult attachment, autonomy/relatedness, and gender roles) to understand relationship satisfaction among 150 British and 170 Turkish adults, all involved in romantic relationships. Avoidance, relatedness, autonomy–relatedness, and masculinity mediated the relationship between culture and romantic relationship satisfaction. Additionally, as anticipated, Turkish participants scored lower on relationship satisfaction and autonomy whereas British participants scored lower...

  1. The adaptation study of oral communication strategy inventory into Turkish

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    Saziye Yaman

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Individuals use a variety of strategies in the course of speaking which can be identified via measurement tools. In the literature, strategy inventories are regarded as the most commonly used measurement tools. However, most of the strategy inventories lack the reliability and validity studies. Furthermore, most of them represent strategies that the learner could use throughout the language learning process and they are not directly relevant to the skill of speaking. Moreover, in the literature, most of the studies carried out on speaking strategies are based on the inventories developed for learners learning English as a second language. With respect to other measurement tools, Oral Communication Strategy Inventory (OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 for Japanese learning English as a foreign language had a clear factor structure and it seemed less problematic. Thus, the purpose of this study was to adapt OCSI into Turkish. Our concern in the adaptation study of OCSI is to investigate whether oral communication strategies classified in OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 would also measure Turkish EFL students’ speaking strategy use. Within the scope of adaptation study, the inventory was translated to Turkish and evaluated with the method of back translation. The equivalence between English form and Turkish form, construct validity and internal consistency were examined. The research was conducted with 808 students studying English as a foreign language at ELT departments of three different universities and Anatolian High schools. Based on the findings concerning the reliability and validity studies, it can be concluded that the classification of the original form of OCSI differs from the adapted version to some extent in that the Turkish form is made up of seven factors in contrast to the original inventory consisting of eight factors. Non verbal strategies which existed in Nakatani’s original inventory did not appear in the adaptation form. Instead, the items that consist of nonverbal strategies gave loadings to negotiation for meaning strategies, which implies that the purpose of the interlocutors while using one strategy may be culture specific.

  2. Türkiye’deki Üniversitelerin Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. S?n?f Ö?rencilerinin Türkoloji Kavram?na ?li?kin Alg?lar? Perception Of The Turkology Concept Among Fourth Grade Students Of The Departments Of Turkish Language And Literature In The Un?versities In Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serdar YAVUZ

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The Turkology, having been developed from the point of view ofEast, Islam and linguistic researches in the Europe of the 19 thcentury, has been, in the present, a science which searches whateverexists related to The Turks. Since the Turkologists, particularly in theearly periods, have been concentrated on linguistic researches andutilized the point of view and methods of it, the Turkology has only beenconceptually identified with the Turkish Language. The Turkology, asthe effect of these studies, has been perceived as the Turkish language.The purpose of this study is to reveal the perceptions of the fourthgrade students in the department of Turkish Language and Literaturein Turkish universities via metaphors they develop. The working groupof the study consists of 320 students studying in the departments ofTurkish Language and Literature of seven universities in sevengeographical regions (Marmara Region, Aegan Region, MediterraneanRegion, Central Anatolia Region, Eastern Anatolia Region, SouthEastern Anatolia Region inside the borders of the Turkish Republic.The data of the study has been obtained by each student completing thesentence: “Turkology is like ..., because...”. In the phase of dataanalysis, a technique of contents analysis, which can associate with therelations and concepts that are capable of explaining the data, has beenused. As a result of the research it is detected that % 87 of students offourth class Turkish Language and Literature Departments have apositive perception, % 11,4 of them have negative perception and % 0,9of them have both positive and negative perception about the termTurkology. Students having positive perception develop the areas ofadding value, discipline, research; students having negative perceptionsdevelop scientific lackness, work job anxiety, negative conduct; studentshaving both negative and positive perception develop metaphors underthe name of both positive and negative code. 19. yüzy?l Avrupa’s?nda ?slam, Do?u ve dil ara?t?rmalar? ekseninde geli?en Türkoloji, günümüzde Türk’e ait ne varsa inceleyen bir bilim hâline gelmi?tir. Özellikle ilk dönemlerde Türkologlar?n dil ara?t?rmalar?na yo?unla?mas?, onun bak?? aç?s? ve yöntemlerini kullanmas? nedeniyle Türkolojinin sadece kavramsal olarak Türk diliyle özde?le?mesine neden olmu?tur. Bu çal??malar?n etkisiyle Türkoloji, Türk dili gibi alg?lanm??t?r. Bu çal??man?n amac?, Türkiye’deki üniversitelerin Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin “Türkoloji” kavram?na ili?kin alg?lar?n?, geli?tirdikleri metaforlar arac?l???yla ortaya ç?karmakt?r. Ara?t?rman?n çal??ma grubunu, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti s?n?rlar?nda bulunan yedi co?rafi bölge (Marmara Bölgesi, Ege Bölgesi, Akdeniz Bölgesi, ?ç Anadolu Bölgesi, Karadeniz Bölgesi, Do?u Anadolu bölgesi ve Güneydo?u Anadolu Bölgesi ve bu bölgeler içerisinde bulunan 7 üniversitenin Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. s?n?f?nda okuyan 320 ö?renci olu?turmaktad?r. Ara?t?rman?n verileri her ö?rencinin “Türkoloji… gibidir, çünkü …” cümlesini tamamlamas?yla elde edilmi?tir. Verilerin analiz edilmesinde ise toplanan verileri aç?klayabilecek kavramlara ve ili?kilere ula??labilecek olan içerik analizi tekni?i kullan?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n sonunda Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin % 87,7’sinin Türkoloji kavram?na ili?kin olumlu, % 11,4’ünün olumsuz ve % 0,9’unun ise hem olumlu hem de olumsuz bir alg?ya sahip olduklar? tespit edilmi?tir. Olumlu alg?ya sahip ö?renciler; de?er katma, disiplin, inceleme alan?; olumsuz alg?ya sahip ö?renciler bilimsel eksiklik, i? kayg?s?, olumsuz tutum; hem olumlu hem de olumsuz alg?ya sahip ö?renciler ise hem olumlu hem de olumsuz tutum kodu alt?nda toplanan metaforlar geli?tirmi?tir.

  3. Predicting eating disturbances in Turkish adult females: Examining the role of intimate partner violence and perfectionism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muyan, Mine; Chang, Edward C; Jilani, Zunaira; Yu, Tina

    2015-12-01

    We examined the relationships between intimate partner violence (IPV), perfectionism, and eating disturbances, namely, excessive dieting and bulimia, in a sample of 149 Turkish female college students. Results of conducting hierarchical regression analyses indicated that IPV accounted for significant variance in both excessive dieting and bulimic symptoms. The inclusion of perfectionism was found to predict additional variance in eating disturbances, beyond IPV. Specifically, we found parental expectations to be a significant predictor of dieting, and personal standards, doubts about actions, and parental criticism to be significant predictors of bulimia. Some implications for understanding eating disturbances in Turkish women are discussed. PMID:26276707

  4. A Study on Developing "An Attitude Scale for Project and Performance Tasks for Turkish Language Leaching Course"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Tazegul

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to demonstrate the students' attitudes towards project and performance tasks in Turkish Lessons and to develop a reliable and valid measurement tool. A total of 461 junior high school students participated in this study. In this study, firstly the preparation of items, specialist be consulted (content…

  5. Impact of a Healthy Nails Program on Nail-Biting in Turkish Schoolchildren: A Controlled Pretest-Posttest Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ergun, Ayse; Toprak, Rumeysa; Sisman, Fatma Nevin

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to examine the effect of a healthy nails program on nail-biting in Turkish schoolchildren. This quasi-experimental study was of pretest-posttest control group design. A total of 50 students of a primary school formed the intervention group, while 53 students from the same school formed the control group. Data were…

  6. THE SELF SUFFICIENCY PERCEPTION OF THE TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES ON USING CREATIVE DRAMA METHOD

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    Latife KIRBA?O?LU KILIÇ

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The self sufficiency perception of the Turkish teacher candidates on using creative drama method is desired to be determined in this study. Surveymethod was used in the study. The research group is consisted of 112 fourth grade students of Turkish Teaching Department at Fatih Education Faculty of Black Sea Technical University in 2011-2012 education terms. “The self-sufficiency scale on using creative drama method” which was built up by Can ve Cantürk-Günhan (2009 was used as data collecting device in this study. The scale consist of 47 questions and the type is 5 point likert scale. Cronbach alfa reliability coefficient of the scale is calculated 0, 96. As a result has been determined that Turkish teacher candidates have self sufficiency “I reasonably agree” level on using creative drama method.?

  7. An Analysis of Texts in Turkish Coursebooks Studied at Open Education Secondary School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emine KOLAC

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Head spinning pace of change and development in information and technology has not yet discredited coursebooks as the major classroom tool and equipment. Coursebooks, as they have always been, are still the primary source and tool of teaching and learning process. As with the mainstream education, well-prepared coursebooks and texts are also a necessity for a high-quality Turkish course within distance education. Distance education is a legitimate education activity providing opportunities for students, teachers, and materials located in different places to meet. All the responsibility of teaching within distance education falls onto the course material. Among the printed materials, it is almost solely the coursebook and class notes that shoulder this responsibility. Texts within the current coursebooks should be analyzed in order to depict the current status, which will help increase the quality of distance education. Designed on the basis of this need, this study is expected to contribute to teaching Turkish through a realistic analysis of the texts in Turkish coursebooks studied at Open Education Secondary School (5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grades. Bearing a descriptive research design, this paper aims to examine and assess the texts in Turkish coursebooks used in Open Education Secondary School in terms of genre, topic, and moral lessons. Research data has been collected through document analysis, one of the qualitative research methods. Each of 96 texts found in Turkish coursebooks were meticulously analyzed, and findings are presented in frequency tables.

  8. Reflections on the development of an EFL reading programme for middle school students of varied levels of English

    OpenAIRE

    Barfield Randall

    2003-01-01

    This personal-experience article attempts to share with the reader an EFL reading and grammar programme that was designed in 2002 for a group of 12 to 14-year olds (6th and 7th graders) whose English levels varied from almost nil to semiconversational. Multi-levels of English in any given group present a considerable challenge to either the EFL or ESL teacher, needless to say. More than one of these students exhibited evidence of a learning disability, not only in L2 but in L1 as well. F...

  9. ECONOMIC ETHIC IN TURKISH PROVERBS

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    Abdullah ÖZBOLAT

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Economic ethic means sum of motifs and suggestions for the practical value and the preferred size in the regulating the daily lives of people. In this study that examines whether the attitude of economic ethic in proverbs, it has been argued in this study that proverbs have been inculcate an economic ethic to the Turkish society and proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism have not been consist of understanding of “a cardigan, a bite” (bir lokma, bir h?rka. Economic ethic that express an attitude against the world in the conceptual basis, on hand, is ascetism and fasting against leave from the path of God of goods of world on the other hand, is seeking of balance between for acquisition of property and maintaining a modest life as indispensable means. Individual in the economic ethic is in an effort to reconcile these two different poles relating to goods in the world. While forming the boundaries of this study proverbs that used in Turkey Turkish in the context of economic ethic, economic ethic in proverbs refers to properties such as halal earnings, frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence. It is possible to specify culture that inculcates accumulation and savings, it has been influence past experience such as hunger, famine and a religion that order to work in the forming of codes of historical and social meaning. Additionally it has been influence of seeking of balance of Sufi culture in the attitude against world and ethic in the proverbs. As a result, it refers to properties such as halal earnings frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence, proverbs in Turkey Turkish and it has not been with one-dimension of proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism.

  10. Aircraft emissions at Turkish airports

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with estimating aircraft landing and take-off (LTO) emissions (HC, CO, NOx, SO2) at 40 Turkish airports including the biggest airports, i.e. Ataturk International Airport (AIA) in Istanbul, Antalya Airport in Antalya and Esenboga Airport in Ankara in 2001. The calculation model is based on flight data recorded by the State Airports Authority. The flight data include the type and number of aircraft, number of passengers, amount of cargo etc., which depend on day-time and date. For the emission calculations the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)-Engine emission data bank, which includes minimum and maximum values for both fuel flow rates and emissions factors, is used. By using first the minimum and then the maximum values from the data bank, two estimations of aircraft LTO emissions at Turkish airports are calculated: i.e. minimum and maximum estimations. Total LTO emissions from aircraft at Turkish airports are estimated to be between 7614.34 and 8338.79 t/year. These results are comparable with those from USA airports. Approximately half of these amounts are produced at AIA. To predict future emissions, it is estimated that an increase of 25% in LTO cycles might cause a rise of between 31 and 33% in emissions. The estimations show that a decrease of 2 min in taxiing time results in a decrease of 6% in LTO emissions. The estimation model used in this study can be used for expansions and planning of airports from an environmental point of view. (author)

  11. The measurement of regional inequalitive opportunity for Turkish middle school between dynastic period to republic period with Atkinson approach

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    Murat Çiftçi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate level of social utility from teachers to the students in middle schools in Turkey for Dynastic period to republic period. In the study, the Atkinson indices were used to calculate between 1897 and 1997. The data were depended on web site of Turkish Statistical Institute and the first statistical yearbook in Ottoman Empire. The indices have found that there are inter - regional inequalitive distribution of teachers and that there are loosing of social utility for the students from teachers. Levels of social utility from the teachers were 73.3 % in 1897 and 93.7 % in 1997. After there had been high levels of loosing for social utility from inter-regional inequalitive distribution in Turkish middle schools in 1897, the distribution improved during republic period. Hence we can claim that there was almost absolute equality for regional balance of teacher / student in Turkish middle schools.

  12. HISTORICAL VIEW OF CARDINAL VOWELS IN TURKISH

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    Fatih ÖZEK

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Turkish is a rich language in terms of presence of vowels. There are eight vowels that originated from the relationship between palatalité, aperture and labialité in terms of their characteristics in general Turkish. These are /a/, /e/, /?/, /i/, /o, /ö/, /u/ and /ü/. In general, /a/, /i/ and /u/ are considered as cardinal vowels in Turkish. According to this viewpoint, Turkish has a triple vowel system consisting of /a/, /i/ and /u/ in the periods when Turkish could not be pursued in writing. /e/, /?/, /o, /ö/ and /ü/ vowels have also originated from these three cardinal vowels. Thus, our study is limited to a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels. Periodical restriction of the study is Historical Turkish Dialects Köktürk, Uighur, Karakhanid, Khorezmian, Kipchak, Chagatai and Old Oghuz Turkic languagesIn this study we are aiming to determine the following;1. Sources of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels in the historical Turkish dialects,2. Presence of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels in the first syllables and other than first syllables,3. Sound events taking place in the /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels and their reasons,4. relations of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels among themselves and with the consonants,5. whether or not /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels and sound events taking place in these vowels are determinative within a historical dialect.

  13. Turkish Teachers’ Practices of Assessment for Learning in the English as a Foreign Language Classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Hüseyin Öz

    2014-01-01

    Recently there has been a noticeable paradigm shift in educational assessment where assessment and student learning are viewed as inseparable and assessment is perceived as a tool for supporting student learning. This study was designed to investigate Turkish teachers’ preferences of common assessment methods in the English as a foreign language (EFL) classroom, their Assessment for Learning (AFL) practices, and determine whether they differed in their AFL practices according to some va...

  14. Speaking anxiety among Turkish EFL learners: The case at a state university

    OpenAIRE

    Gökhan Öztürk; Nurdan Gürbüz

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the level, major causes, determining factors of foreign language speaking anxiety and students’ perceptions of it in a Turkish EFL context. Pre-intermediate students (N=383) of an English preparatory program at a state university participated in the study. The data regarding the level of EFL speaking anxiety were collected through a questionnaire, and then, randomly selected participants (N=19) were interviewed to get in-depth data on speaking...

  15. Concept maps and language: a Turkish experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagci Kilic, Gulsen

    2003-11-01

    Concept maps are being used by an increasing number of educators in Europe and the US. This paper has four goals. First, it discusses problems in developing Novak's style concept maps in Turkish caused by linguistic differences between Turkish and English. Second, it reports the findings of a research study conducted to adapt concept maps to Turkish. Third, it recommends three methods for the adaptation resulting from research findings. Finally, it discusses the implications of the adaptation for educators worldwide and for future research.

  16. Turkish health professional's attitude toward euthanasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karadeniz, Gülten; Yanikkerem, Emre; Pirinçci, Edibe; Erdem, Ramazan; Esen, Aynur; Kitapçio?lu, Gül

    2008-01-01

    The cross-sectional study was administrated between April and September 2006. Participants are doctors, nurses, and midwives. Between these dates we met only 750 health staff (doctor, nurse, and midwife). Six hundred thirty-two of them responded to our questionnaire, 122 of them were in Manisa city, and 510 of them in Erciyes. We sought to identify variables that contribute to euthanasia attitude, including demographics, in order to demonstrate Turkish doctors', nurses', and midwives' attitudes toward euthanasia and to compare their attitudes in this regard. The data was collected by a two-part questionnaire. The first part included questions about the health personnel; the second part comprised the euthanasia (Medical Staffs Attitude toward Euthanasia) scale. The scale was developed by the researcher to measure the attitude of healthy staff euthanasia. The SPSS was used to analyze the data. Student t-test, ANOVA, Mann Whitney U, and Kruskal Wallis were used to evaluate the data. Thep value 0.05 (95% confidence interval) was accepted as significant. In our study, professional groups are compared with all the factors but there is a significant difference only between social cost and professional groups. PMID:18507328

  17. Whistled Turkish alters language asymmetries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Güntürkün, Onur; Güntürkün, Monika; Hahn, Constanze

    2015-08-17

    Whistled languages represent an experiment of nature to test the widely accepted view that language comprehension is to some extent governed by the left hemisphere in a rather input-invariant manner. Indeed, left-hemisphere superiority has been reported for atonal and tonal languages, click consonants, writing and sign languages. The right hemisphere is specialized to encode acoustic properties like spectral cues, pitch, and melodic lines and plays a role for prosodic communicative cues. Would left hemisphere language superiority change when subjects had to encode a language that is constituted by acoustic properties for which the right hemisphere is specialized? Whistled Turkish uses the full lexical and syntactic information of vocal Turkish, and transforms this into whistles to transport complex conversations with constrained whistled articulations over long distances. We tested the comprehension of vocally vs. whistled identical lexical information in native whistle-speaking people of mountainous Northeast Turkey. We discovered that whistled language comprehension relies on symmetric hemispheric contributions, associated with a decrease of left and a relative increase of right hemispheric encoding mechanisms. Our results demonstrate that a language that places high demands on right-hemisphere typical acoustical encoding creates a radical change in language asymmetries. Thus, language asymmetry patterns are in an important way shaped by the physical properties of the lexical input. PMID:26294179

  18. Türkçe Dersinde “Tablet Pc Pilot Uygulamas?”Yla Ö?retim Gören Ö?rencilerin Tutumlar?n? Belirlemeye Yönelik Ölçek Çal??mas? A Scale Study that Determines the Attitudes of the Students Who Study by "Pilot Application Of Tablet Pc” in Turkish Lesson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süleyman BALCI

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study, it has been aimed to develop a valid and reliableattitude scale to determine first grade Primary school students'attitudes towards the use of tablet book in Turkish Language Teachingcourse . The scale was created by scanning field method on the basisof the expert opinions 20 items as a 5-point Likert-type which isdetermining the attitudes of the students towards the use of technologyproduct ( tablet pc in Turkish lesson take place in the draft scale. Thedraft scale applied on the two pilot elementary schools ’ 114 fifthgrade students studying in U?ak Ya?ar Akar Primary School and BingölFatih Primary School ; and the validity and reliability studies have beencarried out. Content validity of the scale were based on expert opinion.As a result of factor analysis for construct validity, a tree sub-dimensionscale describing the total variance of 59.92% percent between factorloadings .59 - .82 and consisting of 15 items were obtained. The itemsof scale include 10 positive and 5 negative expressions. The scale valueof Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin was found 81, Bartlett test of significance valuewas found .00 and the internal consistency coefficient of Cronbachalphawas found .84. In this sense, the lack of scale as a result of workdone in the field of Turkish seen as a shortcoming. This context theProject is implelemented in scools considered to contribute to the fieldscale was created from the data obtained. In addition, the use oftechnology for Turkish language course will be useful to conduct moredetailed studies are emerging. Bu ara?t?rmada, ?lkö?retim birinci kademe ö?rencilerinin Tablet kitab?n Türkçe dersinde kullan?lmas?na yönelik tutumlar?n? belirlemek için geçerli ve güvenilir bir tutum ölçe?i geli?tirilmesi amaçlanm??t?r. 20 maddeden olu?an 5’li likert tipi taslak ölçek, alan taramas? yap?larak ve uzman görü?leri al?narak olu?turulmu?tur. Ölçekte, ö?rencilerin Türkçe dersinde teknoloji ürünü (tablet pc kullan?m?na yönelik tutumlar?n? belirlemeye yarayan maddeler yer almaktad?r. Taslak ölçek FAT?H projesi kapsam?nda pilot bölge olarak seçilen U?ak ?l Merkezi Ya?ar Akar ?lkö?retim Okulu ile Bingöl ?l Merkezi ?MKB Fatih ?lkö?retim Okulu I. kademe 5. s?n?fta okuyan ö?rencilerden 114 ö?renciye uygulan?p, ölçe?in geçerlik ve güvenirlik çal??malar? yap?lm??t?r. Ölçe?in kapsam geçerlili?i uzman görü?leri al?narak sa?lanm??t?r. Yap? geçerlili?i için yap?lan faktör analizi sonucunda tutumlar? ölçmeyen 5 madde ç?kar?l?p 15 maddeden olu?an ve faktör yükleri .59-.82 aras?nda, toplam varyans?n % 60’?n? aç?klayan üç alt boyutu kapsayan bir ölçek elde edilmi?tir. Ölçek maddelerinin 10 tanesi olumlu, 5 tanesi olumsuz ifade içermektedir. Ölçe?in Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin de?eri .81, Bartlett testi anlaml?l?k de?eri .00 ve Cronbach-alpha iç tutarl?l?k katsay?s?n?n ise .84 oldu?u bulunmu?tur. Yap?lan ara?t?rmalar sonucunda, Türkçe dersi alan?nda, bu anlamda bir ölçe?in olmamas? bir eksiklik olarak görülmü?tür. Bu ba?lamda projenin uyguland??? okullardan elde edilen verilerden hareketle olu?turulan ölçe?in, alana katk? sa?layaca?? dü?ünülmektedir. Bunun yan?nda Türkçe dersinde teknolojinin kullan?lmas?na yönelik daha detayl? çal??malar?n yap?lmas?n?n da yararl? olaca?? gerçe?i ortaya ç?kmaktad?r.

  19. Services quality in a Turkish pension Company

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Thi Ngoc Dung; Nguyen, Thi Thanh Thuy; Aygen, Ferzan Kanat

    2008-01-01

    A study on a Turkish Pension Company to find out customers' perception about services quality regarding to five dimensions in Rater model (reliablitity, assurance, tangibility, sympathy and responsiveness); from result of this study, the company can improve its services quality.

  20. The Turkish Adaptation of Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale: The Validity and Reliability Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa ?LHAN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to adapt the Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale (ITIS by Abd-El-Fattah and Yates (2006 to Turkish and to investigate its psychometric properties. The study was conducted on four different samples which consisted of 689 students who studied different subjects at the Ziya Gokalp Faculty of Education, Dicle University, during the Fall Term of the 2012-2013 Academic Year. The findings on the linguistic equivalence indicated that the correlation between the items included in the Turkish and original form varied between .81 and .96. The factor analysis concluded that the Turkish version had a two-factor structure in parallel with the original one. As for the concurrent validity, the calculation of correlation between the ITIS and AGOS reported findings similar to the ones in the literature. The reliability coefficients were over .70 for both the entity theory and incremental theory. The item analysis reported that the corrected item total correlations ranged from .33 and .63 and the differences between the top and bottom 27% groups were significant for all the items included in the scale. All these findings suggest that the Turkish version of the ITIS is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used to measure university students’ beliefs about intelligence.

  1. The Turkish interest groups in Brussels

    OpenAIRE

    Visier, Claire

    2009-01-01

    The Europeanisation approach covers a very broad spectrum, and the notion has been blurred by the extensive use that has been made of it by academics. Visier's analysis of Turkish interest groups in Brussels serves to highlight a gap between the currently problematic Turkey-EU membership process and the successful integration of these groups in the EU political arena in Brussels. By focusing on both the socialisation processes of Turkish interest groups' members and the collective trajectorie...

  2. The many faces of Turkish Odessa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skvirskaja, Vera

    2014-01-01

    The article discusses regional territoriality by looking at the heterogeneous community of Turkish male migrants and the multiple alliances they establish in post-Soviet Odessa, Ukraine. In its public image, the city plays down ideas of urban continuities with the Ottoman past, but new relations between Turkish newcomers and various Turkic-speaking groups in the area both create different and overlapping “ecumenical communities” and actualize long-forgotten connections or marginal historical vis...

  3. Does Nationality Matter? The Impact of Stereotypical Expectations on Student Teachers' Judgments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glock, Sabine; Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine

    2013-01-01

    In Germany, Turkish students are overrepresented on lowest school tracks. Research has provided evidence that stereotypical expectations can color judgments. We experimentally investigated whether student information that strongly confirmed or disconfirmed Turkish stereotypical expectations led to student teachers' judgments that were biased…

  4. Learning Styles Of The Turkish Teaching Students ( TÜRKÇE E??T?M? BÖLÜMÜ Ö?RENC?LER?N?N Ö?RENME ST?LLER? VE BUNLARIN ÇE??TL? DE???KENLERLE ?L??K?S?: GAZ? ÜN?VERS?TES? ÖRNE??

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tazegül DEM?R

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available ÖzetBu çal??mada, her seviyedeki ö?rencilerin bireysel farkl?l?klar?na ba?l? olarak farkl? ö?renme biçimleri oldu?u dü?üncesinden hareketle, Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n ö?renme stillerini ve bunlar?n, ö?rencilerin ö?renim alanlar?, cinsiyetleri ve mezun olduklar? liseyle olan ili?kisini tespit etmek amaçlanm??t?r. Ayr?ca çal??mada Kolb taraf?ndan ortaya konulan ve ö?rencilerin bireysel ö?renme farkl?l?klar?na (ö?renme stillerine dayanan ya?ant?ya dayal? (deneyime dayal? ö?renme modeli incelenmi?tir. Ara?t?rma, Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi E?itim Fakültesi Türkçe E?itimi Bölümünde ö?renim gören 200 ö?renci üzerinde gerçekle?tirilmi?tir. Ara?t?rmada, ö?retmen adaylar?n?n ö?renme stillerinin belirlenmesi için Kolb Ö?renme Stili Envanteri ve ö?rencilerin ki?isel bilgilerini edinmek için de bu envantere eklenmi? ki?isel bilgi formu uygulanm??t?r. Elde edilen veriler do?rultusunda yap?lan frekans analizi ve Kay-Kare (chi square istatistiksel i?lemleri sonucunda, Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n ço?unlu?unun ayr??t?r?c? ve özümseyici ö?renme stillerine sahip olduklar?, bu ö?rencilerin ö?renme stillerinin onlar?n cinsiyetleri ve lisedeki ö?renim türleriyle anlaml? bir ili?ki göstermedi?i; mezun olduklar? liseyle ö?renme stilleri aras?nda anlaml? bir ili?ki oldu?u tespit edilmi?tir.AbstractIn this study, the aim has been to learn the learning styles of candidate Turkish teachers and the relationship between these learning styles and the schooling and sexes of these students bearing in mind the fact that students have different learning styles in all levels due to their individual differences the experimental learning style which was stated by Kolb and which is based on students’ individual learning differences has been studied. The study was carried out among 200 students who are attending Gazi Faculty of Education, Department of Turkish Teaching. In the study, Kolb Learning Styles Inventory and some survey questions added to this inventory were used to determine the learning styles of the candidate teachers. As a result of frequency and chi square analysis carried out with the data obtained, it was found out a majority of candidate turkish teachers had convergers and assimilators learning styles. There wasn’t a significant relationship between the learning styles of these students and their sex and high school education. However, it was found out that there was a meaningful relationship between the high school they graduated from and their learning styles.

  5. A Comparing of Body Composition Components in Physically Active and Inactive Male Students of Sharoud University of Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Broghani

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study is to investigate the body mass indexes and physical activities of 11-14 year -old adolescent boys in Khooshab.Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 300 male students aging 11-14 years old in Khooshab (2009. Subjects were selected via random sampling. Underweight, overweight and obesity were defined based on the 5th, 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index (BMI for age and sex, respectively, as proposed by CDC, 2000. Physical activity levels were assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ. Sedentary behaviors and socioeconomic status of subjects were assessed by means of a researcher- made questionnaire.Results: The overall prevalence of underweight and overweight-obesity was 16% and 3.38%, respectively. The levels of light; intermediate, and heavy physical activity among the obese subjects were 19, 24 and 15, among normal subjects were 19, 44, and 36, and among the lean ones were 22, 60 and 41 mins in 24 hours. Physical activity levels significantly were lower (P<0.01 in overweight-obese subjects than in normal-weight and underweight subjects. Television watching times were higher (P<0.05 in overweight-obese subjects than normal-weight subjects. Education levels of parents were significantly higher in overweight-obese subjects than normal-weight subjects.Conclusion: we concluded that prevalence of underweight was higher than prevalence overweight and obesity among 11-14 year-old adolescent boys in Khooshab. Furthermore, physical activity was not related to body mass index and increase in sedentary behaviors (television waticng were related with obesity and overweight in our subjects.

  6. Dietary intake and physical activity of normal weight and overweight 6 to 14 year old Swiss children

    OpenAIRE

    Aeberli, I.; Kaspar, M; Zimmermann, M. B.

    2007-01-01

    Principles and questions under study: The prevalence of overweight is increasing in Swiss children, and they are at increased risk for hypertension and insulin resistance. Better understanding of how food intakes and activity patterns differ between overweight and normal weight children is needed to develop intervention strategies to control childhood adiposity. The aim of the study was therefore to compare nutrient intake, dietary patterns and physical activity in overweight and normal weigh...

  7. SIDA Y TUBERCULOSIS EN ADOLESCENTE VARÓN DE 14 AÑOS DE EDAD / AIDS AND TUBERCULOSIS IN MALE ADOLESCENT 14 YEARS OLD

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jeannett, De La Fuente; Raúl Arturo, Arévalo Barea; Wilmer, Díaz V.; Pablo, Torrico De La Fuente.

    Full Text Available La tuberculosis continúa siendo un problema de salud pública, se ha producido una reemergencia de esta patología, especialmente después de la epidemia de Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida (SIDA). Se estima que un tercio de la población mundial porta el bacilo de Koch en forma latente, se origi [...] nan más de 8 millones de casos nuevos por año, de los cuales 800.000 son niños. De 600.000 niños muertos por SIDA en el mundo, 200.000 estaban coinfectados con bacilo de Koch Los adolescentes y niños con infección por el Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) presentan mayor incidencia de enfermedad tuberculosa. Por consiguiente, se debe evaluar infección por VIH en todas las personas enfermas con tuberculosis. La clínica y la radiología de la enfermedad tuberculosa en adolescentes y niños con infección por el VIH son bastante similares a la de los niños inmunocompetentes, aunque tienden a ser más graves, raras y pueden incluir compromiso extrapulmonar de múltiples órganos. Abstract in english The tuberculosis continues being a problem of public health, a reemergencia of this pathology has taken place, especially after the epidemic of Syndrome of Acquired Inmunodeficiencia (AIDS). He/she is considered that the world population's third carries the bacillus of Koch in latent form, they orig [...] inate more than 8 million new cases peryear, of which 800.000 are children. Of 600.000 dead children for AIDS in the world, 200.000 were co infected with bacillus of Koch. The adolescents and children with infection for the Virus of the human lnmunodeficiencia (HIV) they present bigger incidence of tuberculosis illness. Consequently, infection should be evaluated by HIV in all the sick people with tuberculosis. The clinic and the radiology of the tuberculosis illness in adolescents and children with infection for the HIV are quite similar to that of the children inmunocompetentes, although they spread to be more serious and stranger and they can include commitment lung extra of multiple organs.

  8. Perinatal characteristics among early (10–14 years old) and late (15–19 years old) pregnant adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Alves João; Cisneiros Rosangela; Dutra Luciana; Pinto Renato

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Pregnancy in adolescents is a worldwide health problem and has been mostly common in poor populations. It is not clear if socioeconomic or biological factors are the main determinants of perinatal adverse outcomes in pregnant adolescents. Adolescents under 15 years old may present a high growth rate which may contribute to impair fetal growth. Our aim is to compare perinatal characteristics among early (aged 10 to 14 years) and late (aged 15 to 19 years) pregnant adolescen...

  9. Mode of delivery and risk of asthma in children 5-14 years old in Tabriz, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roya Sahebi

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: It has been suggested that a cesarean section increases risk of developing asthma due to lack of exposure to maternal microflora during birth. To investigate the association between the mode of delivery and the risk of asthma in children aged 5-14 years in Tabriz, Iran. Methods: A case-control study was performed on 233 (case = 81, control = 152 children aged 5-14 years referred to outpatient clinics of Tabriz Children’s Hospital and Sheikhorrais Clinic in 2014. Clinical asthma diagnosis was done according to Global Initiative for Asthma Criteria. A questionnaire was administered to obtain a demographic, environmental, and clinical history. Age-sex frequency matching with cases was carried out during sampling for controlling of possible cofounding effects of age and sex for asthma. Results: Of 233 children, 53.6% of them were male (case group = 54.3% and control group = 53.3%. Over half (54.5%, the participants had been delivered by caesarian section. Cases were not significantly more likely to have been delivered by caesarian section as compared to controls [adjusted odds ratio (AOR = 0.69; 95% confidence interval (CI = 0.34-1.42]. However, more frequent episodes of common cold [b = 0.094; standard error (SE (b = 0.031, P < 0.001], birth order (second born children compared to firstborns (AOR = 2.54; 95% CI = 1.18-5.46, high maternal education levels: 12 years (AOR = 3.76; 95% CI = 1.10-12.9, collegiate (AOR = 6.12; 95% CI = 1.43-26.20, and intra-family marriage (AOR = 2.89; 95% CI = 1.21-6.89 were associated with childhood asthma. Conclusion: Delivery mode was not associated with risk of developing childhood asthma in our study. Intra-family marriage increased the odds of childhood asthma. Further study on the relationship between maternal education and the odds of asthma is proposed.

  10. Individual and familial factors associated with fruit and vegetable intake among 11- to 14-year-old Romanian school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotrean, Lucia Maria; Tutui, Iulia

    2015-09-01

    The healthy nutrition guidelines proposed by international research institutes and the World Health Organization recommend a daily intake of fruit and vegetables of at least 400 g, representing five servings a day (each serving contains around 80 g). Moreover, the recommendations stress the importance of consuming both fruit and vegetables daily, preferably at least two portions of fruit and three portions of vegetables per day. To efficiently develop interventions for promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among children, it is essential to identify and understand the factors that influence these behaviours. The present study aims at identifying the individual and familial factors which influence fruit and vegetable consumption among Romanian children. A cross-sectional survey by means of anonymous questionnaires was conducted among 361 school children, aged 11-14, from Cluj-Napoca, Romania (April-May 2011). Multiple linear regression analyses were used to assess the correlates of fruit and vegetable intake. The results show that 44.6% of the children met the recommendations regarding fruit intake, while 9.1% of the children declared eating the daily recommended portions of vegetables. Knowledge regarding the recommended number of daily servings and higher self-efficacy concerning the intake of fruit and vegetables every day were positively associated with higher consumption of fruit and vegetables. Fruit preference also influenced positively the consumption of fruit. The familial factor associated with vegetable intake was the perceived behaviour of the mother, while fruit intake was higher among children who declared higher fruit availability at home. Hence, it is necessary to develop in Romania nutrition interventions addressing the determinants of fruit and vegetable intake as identified by this study; these interventions should target both children and parents. PMID:25323566

  11. Developing Behavioural Tools for Characterizing Normal and Abnormal Face Perception in 6-14 Years Old Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mardo, Elite; Hadad, Bat Sheva; Avidan, Galia

    2015-09-01

    Congenital prosopagnosia (CP) is a neurodevelopment disorder characterized by life-long impairments in face processing in the absence of an overt lesion or a neurological disease. Surprisingly, most research in this domain is conducted on adults and little is known about its manifestation in children. The purpose of our study is to investigate the normal and abnormal developmental trajectory of face perception in a large cohort of children using different measures that were adapted from those used in research on CP in adults. Seven different measures were included in the battery: 1. A famous face questionnaire was used to investigate long term memory 2. The Children CFMT test was used to determine short term memory for faces 3. Shoes recognition test was used to examine object recognition. 4. A hierarchical shape test was used to examine deficits in global processing 5. An upright-inverted test was used to examine the face inversion effect. 6+7: ASSQ questionnaire and a face expressions test were used to exclude cases of children with ASD. Data collected so far from 44 children in ages 6-14 in the normal population reveal the presence of an inversion face effect and global precedence for shape processing across all ages. Additionally, quantitative performance differences were found along ages in face and shoe short term memory tests. The current results support a quantitative rather than qualitative trajectory of face and shape processing maturation in the normal population. The collected data will contribute to the development of a valid and firm diagnostic tool for abnormal face perception in children and to the understanding of the developmental changes that underlie CP in children. Meeting abstract presented at VSS 2015. PMID:26326889

  12. Psychosocial and demographic predictors of fruit, juice and vegetable consumption among 11-14-year-old Boy Scouts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Psychosocial and demographic correlates of fruit, juice, and vegetable (FJV) consumption were investigated to guide how to increase FJV intake. Experimental design consisted of hierarchical multiple regression analysis of FJV consumption on demographics and psychosocial variables. Subjects were boys...

  13. Reproductive hormone profile and pubertal development in 14-year-old boys prenatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls

    OpenAIRE

    Grandjean, Philippe; Grønlund, Ciea; Kjær, Ina M; Jensen, Tina Kold; Sørensen, Nicolina; Andersson, Anna-Maria; Juul, Anders; Skakkebæk, Niels E.; Budtz-Jørgensen, Esben; Weihe, Pal

    2012-01-01

    Because polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are thought to cause endocrine disruption, we examined 438 adolescent boys from a birth cohort in the Faroe Islands, where PCB exposures are elevated. We measured PCBs and p,p?-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) in cord blood and in serum from clinical examination at age 14. Higher prenatal PCB exposure was associated with lower serum concentrations of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone. In addition, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) ...

  14. Life-Threatening Contraceptive-Related Pulmonary Embolism in a 14-Year-Old Girl with Hereditary Thrombophilia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hellfritzsch, Maja; Grove, Erik Lerkevang

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND The prothrombotic effect of combined oral contraceptives (COCs) is well-established, with a 3-6-fold increased risk of VTE compared to non-users. When initiation of COCs is considered, it is therefore of paramount importance to carefully evaluate all other potential risk factors for VTE. Based on a case of life-threatening COC-associated pulmonary embolism in a girl heterozygous for the prothrombin G20210A mutation and with a family history of thrombotic disease, we discuss the import...

  15. Variations in pregnancy outcomes by race among 10-14-year-old mothers in the United States.

    OpenAIRE

    Leland, N L; Petersen, D J; Braddock, M; Alexander, G. R.

    1995-01-01

    This study used the 1983-86 U.S. Linked Live Birth-Infant Death Files to examine variations in pregnancy outcomes among 38,551 U.S. resident black and white adolescents ages 10 through 14. The birth rate was 4.29 per 1,000 for blacks, more than 7 times the rate for whites (.59 per 1,000). Black mothers had higher proportions of very low and low birth weight infants than did whites (very low birth weight: 3.7 versus 2.6; low birth weight: 15.0 versus 10.5). Neonatal and infant mortality rates ...

  16. Field assessment of balance in 10 to 14 year old children, reproducibility and validity of the Nintendo Wii board

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Runge, Lisbeth; Jørgensen, Martin Grønbech; Junge, Tina; Juul-Kristensen, Birgit; Wedderkopp, Niels

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Because body proportions in childhood are different to those in adulthood, children have a relatively higher centre of mass location. This biomechanical difference and the fact that children's movements have not yet fully matured result in different sway performances in children and adults. When assessing static balance, it is essential to use objective, sensitive tools, and these types of measurement have previously been performed in laboratory settings. However, the emergence of te...

  17. Reproductive hormone profile and pubertal development in 14-year-old boys prenatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grandjean, Philippe; GrØnlund, Ciea

    2012-01-01

    Because polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are thought to cause endocrine disruption, we examined 438 adolescent boys from a birth cohort in the Faroe Islands, where PCB exposures are elevated. We measured PCBs and p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) in cord blood and in serum from clinical examination at age 14. Higher prenatal PCB exposure was associated with lower serum concentrations of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone. In addition, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) was positively associated with both prenatal and concurrent PCB exposures. The PCB-SHBG association was robust to covariate adjustment. In a structural equation model, a doubling in prenatal PCB exposure was associated with a decrease in LH of 6% (p=0.03). Prenatal exposure to PCB and DDE showed weak, non-significant inverse associations with testicular size and Tanner stage. DDE was highly correlated with PCB and showed slightly weaker associations with the hormone profile. These findings suggest that delayed puberty with low serum-LH concentrations associated with developmental exposure to non dioxin-like PCBs may be due to a central hypothalamo-pituitary mechanism.

  18. Perinatal characteristics among early (10–14 years old and late (15–19 years old pregnant adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alves João

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pregnancy in adolescents is a worldwide health problem and has been mostly common in poor populations. It is not clear if socioeconomic or biological factors are the main determinants of perinatal adverse outcomes in pregnant adolescents. Adolescents under 15 years old may present a high growth rate which may contribute to impair fetal growth. Our aim is to compare perinatal characteristics among early (aged 10 to 14 years and late (aged 15 to 19 years pregnant adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed using data from Pernambuco State 2009, obtained from DATASUS/SISNAC, a Brazilian Government, open-access public health database. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between early (aged 10–14 years and late (aged 15–19 years pregnant adolescents. Family income was compared between early and late pregnant adolescents using a sample of 412 subjects evaluated at Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP during 2011. Statistical comparisons were made using the chi-square test was used with a significant level of 0.05; bivariate and multivariate analysis were performed. This project was approved by the Institutional Ethics Review Board. Results Data from 31,209 pregnant adolescents were analyzed. 29,733 (95.2% were aged 15 to 19 years and 1,476 (4.7% were aged 10 to 14 years. There were significant differences with respect to marital status, education level and number of prenatal visits of mothers aged 10 to 14 years compared to 15 to 19 years. Of importance, early adolescents had a greater rate of neonates born premature and with low birth weight. Prematurity and low birth weight remained statistically significant after multivariate analysis. Conclusions Early aged adolescents may have an increased risk of prematurity and low birth weight. These findings highlight the potential role of biological factors in newborn outcomes in pregnant adolescents.

  19. Muslim-Turkish Children in Germany: Sociocultural Problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onder, Zehra

    1996-01-01

    The sociocultural problems of Turkish children living in Germany are explored. Turkish immigrant children in Germany must be socialized in two societies, the traditional Turkish culture of their parents and that of German society. Religion and the Islamic-value system are often at odds with German values. (SLD)

  20. The Assessment of Turkish Written Examination Questions Based on the Text in Accordance with the Barrett's Taxonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Göçer, Ali

    2014-01-01

    In this study, Turkish text-based written examination questions posed to students in secondary schools were examined. In this research, document analysis method within the framework of the qualitative research approach was used. The data obtained from the documents consisting of written examination papers were analyzed with content analysis…

  1. Intercultural Communication Skills among Prospective Turkish Teachers of German in the Context of the Comparative Country Knowledge Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basbagi, R. Ragip

    2012-01-01

    This study develops and provides a sample implementation of a seminar for the "Comparative Country Knowledge" course taught in the German Language Teaching departments of Turkish universities. The study was conducted with the participation of forty-seven 1st year students attending a German Language Teaching department. As part of the study,…

  2. Turkish Version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS- 42: Psychometric Properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazan Bilgel

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study explores the reliability, the construct and convergent validity of the Turkish version of the DASS-42.Methods: The Turkish-language version of the DASS-42 was administered to a non-clinical sample, broadly representative of a university student population (N=1102 in terms of demographic variables. Competing models of the latent structure of the DASS were derived from theoretical and empirical sources and evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis. The convergent validity of the scale was examined by correlating it with the previously validated and frequently used Turkish version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: The best fitting model of the latent structure of the DASS consisted of three correlated factors corresponding to the depression, anxiety, and stress scales. The reliability of the DASS was excellent and the measure possessed adequate convergent validity.Conclusion: The Turkish version of the DASS-42 is a reliable and valid measure of the constructs it was intended to assess. This measure was found useful for evaluating depression, anxiety, and stress in non-clinical population. Further studies are needed to study the utility of this measure in psychiatric patients. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2010; 47: 118-26

  3. Turkish Adaptation of Motor Activity Log-28

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    Engin Çakar

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of the work reported here was to provide a practical model for translation and cultural adaptation of a rehabilitation test instrument, while carrying out the Turkish adaptation of Motor Activity Log-28 (MAL-28. We translated the MAL-28 into Turkish in a manner that would allow the work carried out with Turkish speaking patients to be compared directly with the published studies using this instrument, which have mainly had English speaking subjects.Materials and Methods: The translation and cultural adaptation were carried out according to the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research guideline (ISPOR using the following steps: forward translation, reconciliation, back translation, back translation review, harmonization, cognitive debriefing, review of cognitive debriefing test results and finalization. The participants were thirteen eligible patients chosen from a total of 21 post-stroke patients. Results: Twenty-two of the 28 items were identical in the three forward translations, while six required minor modifications to make them appropriate for use in Turkish-speaking patients.Conclusion: A practical model for translation and cultural adaptation of the MAL-28 into Turkish was employed. The translated and adapted test proved to be easily understood by the patients and interviewer. Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2010;56:1-5.

  4. Investigation of Performance Task Studies Applied by Turkish Teachers for the Purpose of Consolidation and Evaluation

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    Ali GÖÇER

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the applications of task performance as they are used to determine the status of the development in process and acquire the senior mental, linguistic, and social skills of students in secondary school Turkish lessons. In this study which adapted action research design in qualitative research approach, the data were obtained through interviews and document analysis method. The study was conducted on a study group consisting of 13 Turkish teachers. The data were obtained using the main form of the interview as a means of data collection. Additionally, were collected as examined document that products made by the task performance of students. The data were examined with content analysis method. According to the results of the data, almost all of the teachers in the study group have implemented performance tasks in accordance with the decisions of branch and the curriculum of the course.

  5. A study of prospective Turkish science teachers’ knowledge at the popular biotechnological issues

    OpenAIRE

    Emine Selcen DARCIN; Lutfullah TURKMEN

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge level of popular biotechnological issues of prospective Turkish science teachers. A questionnaire was administered during 2005-2006 academic year to 194 students in the Department of Science Education of a university in Turkey. The questionnaire covered six biotechnological issues such as biotechnology, agrobiotechnology, human health and pharmacy, environment and biotechnology, and food production with biotechnology. Results showed tha...

  6. THE PROBLEM OF IDENTIFYING OBJECT IN TURKISH

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    Nuh DO?AN

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The object and its morpheme is one of important problems in Turkish grammar. Turkish workers generally determine object using either morpheme and function of object or only its function. Some of them have accepted object as a obligatory syntactic valency from the point of view of verb-coplement reletion. As a result of this different approachs, in Turkish it has been claimed that there are +E, +DEN, +LE morpheme-marked objects. Therefore object sorts being in contradiction with each other have occured. All of assertion which being claimed on object caused the problem and confusion of identifying object. In this point, it seem that to identify object easily, +? and +Ø accusative case-marker morphemes must be used, and accusative case has marked not only “patient” semantic role and different semantic roles or case, and it must be distinguish betwen object and obligatory syntactic valency that verb requires.

  7. Turkish Children's Drawing of Nature in a Certain Way: Range of Mountains in the Back, the Sun, Couple of Clouds, a River Rising from the Mountains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulker, Riza

    2012-01-01

    This study reveals that Turkish kindergarten through 8th Grade (K-8) students draw nature pictures in a certain way; range of mountains in the background, a sun, a couple of clouds, a river rising from the mountains. There are similarities in the K-8 students' nature drawings in the way these nature items are organized on a drawing paper. We…

  8. Modelling and forecasting Turkish residential electricity demand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This research investigates the relationship between Turkish residential electricity consumption, household total final consumption expenditure and residential electricity prices by applying the structural time series model to annual data over the period from 1960 to 2008. Household total final consumption expenditure, real energy prices and an underlying energy demand trend are found to be important drivers of Turkish residential electricity demand with the estimated short run and the long run total final consumption expenditure elasticities being 0.38 and 1.57, respectively, and the estimated short run and long run price elasticities being -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. Moreover, the estimated underlying energy demand trend, (which, as far as is known, has not been investigated before for the Turkish residential sector) should be of some benefit to Turkish decision makers in terms of energy planning. It provides information about the impact of past policies, the influence of technical progress, the impacts of changes in consumer behaviour and the effects of changes in economic structure. Furthermore, based on the estimated equation, and different forecast assumptions, it is predicted that Turkish residential electricity demand will be somewhere between 48 and 80 TWh by 2020 compared to 40 TWh in 2008. - Research highlights: ? Estimated short run and long run expenditure elasticities of 0.38 and 1.57, respectively. ? Estimated short run and long run price elasticities of -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. ? Estimated UEDT has increasing (i.e. energy using) and decreasing (i.e. energy saving) periods. ? Predicted Turkish residential electricity demand between 48 and 80 TWh in 2020.

  9. Using a Corpus for Teaching Turkish Morphology

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    Guvenir, H A; Oflazer, Kemal

    1995-01-01

    This paper reports on the preliminary phase of our ongoing research towards developing an intelligent tutoring environment for Turkish grammar. One of the components of this environment is a corpus search tool which, among other aspects of the language, will be used to present the learner sample sentences along with their morphological analyses. Following a brief introduction to the Turkish language and its morphology, the paper describes the morphological analysis and ambiguity resolution used to construct the corpus used in the search tool. Finally, implementation issues and details involving the user interface of the tool are discussed.

  10. Acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early childhood

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    Zeliha Yaz?c?

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available In this empirical study focuses on acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early   childhood. The population of the study includes bilingual children at the age of 5 – 6 living in Turkey/Antalya. The sampling of the study consisted of 40 Russian-Turkish bilingual children in total. (20 children are for control group and 20 children are for experiment group. During the collection of data have been used Descoeudres Dictionary Test (DDT and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT.  Both of the groups were applied pre test and post test.  Language – Focused Curriculum (LFC was applied to experiment group for 16 weeks. Two factor ANOVA and t test were used in the analyses of data.  As a conclusion, it was understood that LFC is effective at developing Turkish receptive, expressive language and mean length of utterance of bilingual children

  11. The Adaptation of the Adolescent Food Habit Checklist to the Turkish Adolescents.

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    Inci Arikan

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adolescent Food Habit Checklist (AFHC is an instrument designed to measure eating behaviours of adolescents. The aim of the study was to adapt AFHC for the Turkish cultural settings and evaluate its? reliability and construct validity. Methods: Forward and backward translations were carried out and Turkish version of the AFHC was generated. AFHC was administered to 347 students attending second grade primary school. Validity and reliability analyses were used for the assessment of the study data. Results: Four item with the inter-item correlation below 0,2 was eliminated from Turkish version of AFHC. The final instrument consist of 19 items, evaluating consumption of sugar (4 item, fat (6 item, fruit-vegetable (6 item, carbohydrate and fast food (2 item and general diet (1 item. The inter-item correlation of these items were between 0,21 and 0,46. The instrument was internally consistent, with Cronbach's alpha-coefficients of 0,718. There was positive correlation with test-retest reliability ( r=0.854; p<0.001. AFHC scale score of obese, overweight adolescents were (8,74±4,03 lower than normal weight (10,53±3,39 adolescents ( p=0.003. Boys (9.22±3.46 had lower scale scores than girls (11.18±3.42 ( p<0.001 demonstrating construct validity. Conclusions: The Turkish version of AFHC questionnaire is reliable and valid measure evaluating Turkish adolescents eating behaviours. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(1.000: 49-56

  12. Factors Influencing International Students' Choice to Study in Turkey and Challenges They Experience in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özoglu, Murat; Gür, Bekir S.; Coskun, Ipek

    2015-01-01

    Turkey is increasingly becoming a regional hub for international students. The number of international students in Turkish universities has grown by almost 300% in the last decade. The current internationalization efforts of the Turkish government and universities have the potential to make Turkey an even more attractive destination for…

  13. Turkish adaptation, validity, and reliability of the Peer Aggression Coping Self-Efficacy Scale (PA-CSES

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    Orkide Bakal?m

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to adapt Peer Aggression Coping Self-Efficacy Scale to Turkish version. Data were gathered from 639 students in grades 6, 7, 8 and 9. As a result of explanatory analysis carried out to test the construct validity of PA-CSES, a four factor construct was also confirmed by the Turkish students. Apart from this, as a result of analysis, girls level of self-efficacy for avoiding aggressive behavior, self efficacy for proactive behavior and self-efficacy for avoiding self-blame were much higher than those of boys. In addition, the students’ in grade 6, level of self-efficacy for avoiding aggressive behavior, self efficacy for proactive behavior, self-efficacy for victim- role disengagements were also much higher than those of the students in grade 9. The findings were discussed in terms of literature and some suggestions were proposed for further studies.

  14. Aroma Compounds of Some Traditional Turkish Cheeses and Their Importance for Turkish Cuisine

    OpenAIRE

    Fügen Durlu-Özkaya; ?lhan Gün

    2014-01-01

    Cheese is so important to the Turkish cuisine. It is eaten plain as part of the traditional Turkish breakfast, used in salads, and incorporated into cooked foods such as b?rek, pide, menemen and also used for some traditional desserts. There are several types of cheeses with different characteristics and aroma compounds, and they can be used for preparation of various foods as an additive. The formation of cheese aroma basically associated with lipids, proteins and lactose...

  15. AWARENESS AND COMPETENC?ES OF THE TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES ABOUT CONSTRUCTIVE TEACHING APPROACH

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    Mehmet Nuri KARDA?

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Turkish teacher candidates are expected to graduate with adequate equipment being aware of the theoretical and practical knowledge within the framework of the constructive teaching approach which is in practice as teaching approach during the pre-vocational training. However, it is a fact that the teachers who are educated with learning by doing education approach shaped according to the needs of students and with student-centered education will able to educate individuals who will answer the requirements of age, closely follow develeopments, renew themselves. In this context, the purpose of this study is to reveal awareness and competencies of the Turkish teacher candidates about '' constructive teaching approach '' by getting their own opinions. Research comprises students of three state universities from faculty of education, department of Turkish Education and the research has been carried out on 250 teacher candidates answering the questions in " Awareness and competencies form about constructive approach '' . The research data have been collected through open-ended questions. "Content analysis" , from qualitative analysis technicques, has been used in the evaluation and assessment of data. Themes and categories have been described with direct quotations from participants and paticipation of categories percentage and frequency values have been calculated. Research findings were identified under these themes; not any education given with constructive approach (n=120, not enough knowledge and experience about constructive approach and techniques (n=72, education given with constructive approach (n=38 and other (n=20. As a result of research; it is determined that Turkish teacher candidates of %84,8 (n=212 have enough awareness, knowledge and experience about "constructive teaching approach" and participants of %15,2 (n=38 have enough knowledge about constructivism.

  16. Turkish Compulsory Earthquake Insurance (TCIP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdik, M.; Durukal, E.; Sesetyan, K.

    2009-04-01

    Through a World Bank project a government-sponsored Turkish Catastrophic Insurance Pool (TCIP) is created in 2000 with the essential aim of transferring the government's financial burden of replacing earthquake-damaged housing to international reinsurance and capital markets. Providing coverage to about 2.9 Million homeowners TCIP is the largest insurance program in the country with about 0.5 Billion USD in its own reserves and about 2.3 Billion USD in total claims paying capacity. The total payment for earthquake damage since 2000 (mostly small, 226 earthquakes) amounts to about 13 Million USD. The country-wide penetration rate is about 22%, highest in the Marmara region (30%) and lowest in the south-east Turkey (9%). TCIP is the sole-source provider of earthquake loss coverage up to 90,000 USD per house. The annual premium, categorized on the basis of earthquake zones type of structure, is about US90 for a 100 square meter reinforced concrete building in the most hazardous zone with 2% deductible. The earthquake engineering related shortcomings of the TCIP is exemplified by fact that the average rate of 0.13% (for reinforced concrete buildings) with only 2% deductible is rather low compared to countries with similar earthquake exposure. From an earthquake engineering point of view the risk underwriting (Typification of housing units to be insured, earthquake intensity zonation and the sum insured) of the TCIP needs to be overhauled. Especially for large cities, models can be developed where its expected earthquake performance (and consequently the insurance premium) can be can be assessed on the basis of the location of the unit (microzoned earthquake hazard) and basic structural attributes (earthquake vulnerability relationships). With such an approach, in the future the TCIP can contribute to the control of construction through differentiation of premia on the basis of earthquake vulnerability.

  17. PROPOSALS OF ACTIVITIES FOR IMPROVING TURKISH SPEAKING SKILLS OF 6th-8th GRADE STUDENTS - 6-8 SINIF Ö?RENC?LER?N?N TÜRKÇE KONU?MA BECER?LER?N? GEL??T?RMEYE YÖNEL?K ETK?NL?K ÖNER?LER?

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    Mehmet Nuri KARDA?

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Speech is an important and effective means of communication needed for self-fulfilment in man's social life. This form of communication has become increasingly important issue each passing day in terms of regulation of the relationships with people through the ages of man, effecting of persons each other, being a nation, in every kind of interaction with other nations. Today, this importance has increased considerably due to the spread of the mass media related to advancing technology. In this sense, starting from pre-school education to all levels of education, regulating different, rich, enjoyable speaking activities is a need in order to gain students effective speaking skills. In the research implemented qualitative research method, document scanning technique has been used. Domestic and foreign studies have been analysed through document scanning method in literature. With the help of these studies, samples of original activities have been tried to be prepared. In this study, 13 samples of activities have been developed to improve speaking skills Turkish Education program (2006 considering the objectives and acquisitions. Developed activities are named as follows in relation to the content: 1. Fan, 2. Flag on You, 3. I'm in Parliament, 4. I'm the Announcer, 5. From region to region, 6. Take the Microphone, 7. Voice Record of Mine, 8. Intonation Game, 9. Speaking Bell Glass, 10. Imagination Chair, 11. With Whom We Are this week ?, 12. I'm Marketer, 13. It's your turn.

  18. Conflict Management Styles of Turkish Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozkalp, Enver; Sungur, Zerrin; Ozdemir, Aytul Ayse

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine Turkish managers conflict styles in different sectors, namely durable consumer goods, aviation, automotive and banking. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 130 managers conflict management styles were assessed by applying the Rahim's 1983 Organizational Conflict Inventory-II. Findings: First,…

  19. Turkish Primary School Pupils' Views on Punishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Bahri

    2010-01-01

    Teachers meet with unwanted behavior when they are acting as facilitators of the learning process and they resort to certain tactics to deal with them. One of these tactics is punishment. This study aimed to identify the views held by Turkish primary school pupils on punishment. According to the results of the study, pupils were punished for…

  20. THE POTANTIAL OF POLISH - TURKISH TRADE DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Jeliñski, Bohdan J.

    2014-01-01

    The Turkish – Polish economic relations are based on a partly common history and on a similar strategy of economy development. Both countries have a comparable Gross Domestic Product and foreign trade turnover. The transformation of Polish economy and membership in European Union, create new possibilities for prosperous future economic co-operation between two countries.

  1. THE EFFECTS OF JIGSAW-IV TECHNIQUE ON THE FOREIGN STUDENTS LEARNING THE BASIC TENSES IN TURKISH - JIGSAW-IV TEKN???N?N YABANCI Ö?RENC?LER?N TÜRKÇEDEK? TEMEL ZAMANLARI Ö?RENMELER? ÜZER?NDEK? ETK?S?

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    Fatma BÖLÜKBA?

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study has been conducted with the aim of identifying the effects of Jigsaw-IV technique, which is one of the cooperative learning techniques, on the students learning Turkish as a foreign language skill of learning basic tenses. To this study in which as an experimental pattern post-test control group pattern is used, 32 students consisting of 16 experimental and 16 control group students who learn Turkish as a foreign language at Istanbul University Language Center attended. While Jigsaw-IV technique is used in grammar activities of teaching basic tenses in the experimental group, in the control group traditional teaching methods are used. As teaching of basic tenses start from A1 level (present continuous tense and continue until the end of A2 level (simple past tense, future tense, reported past tense and simple present tense, this study lasted for 16 weeks in the grammar activities of basic tenses. The data of the study has been collected with “The Use of Present Continuous Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Simple Past Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Future Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Reported Past Tense Achievement Test”, and “The Use of Simple Present Tense Achievement Test” developed by the researcher. As a result of the study, it has been observed that in all tests in which basic tense knowledge of students is tested, the average achievement of the experimental group in which Jigsaw-IV technique is used is higher than the achievement of the control group. Bu çal??ma, Jigsaw-IV tekni?inin yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen ö?rencilerin Türkçedeki temel zamanlar? ö?renme becerileri üzerindeki etkisini belirlemek amac?yla yap?lm??t?r. Son-test kontrol gruplu modelin kullan?ld??? bu çal??maya, ?Ü Dil Merkezi’nde yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen 32 ö?renci kat?lm??t?r. Deney grubunda Jigsaw-IV tekni?i kullan?l?rken; kontrol grubunda geleneksel ö?retim modeli uygulanm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n verileri, ara?t?rman? taraf?ndan geli?tirilen “?imdiki Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Belirli Geçmi? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Gelecek Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Belirsiz Geçmi? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi” ve “Geni? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi” ile toplanm??t?r. Ara?t?rma sonucunda, temel zamanlar?n s?nand??? tüm testlerde deney grubunun ortalamalar?n?n kontrol grubunun ortalamalar?ndan daha yüksek oldu?u görülmü?tür.

  2. Psychometric properties of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale in a Turkish sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Saçkes, Mesut; Tuckman, Bruce W

    2013-12-01

    A stepwise validation procedure was carried out to translate and develop a Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale. A total of 858 college students completed the Tuckman Procrastination Scale, the Academic Self-efficacy Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. Two items in the original scale loaded on a different factor and were removed from the measure. The 14-item scale had a one-factor solution as supported by subsequent confirmatory factor analysis. The Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale scores correlated negatively with academic self-efficacy and self-esteem scores. Overall results provided evidence for the validity and the reliability of the scale scores. PMID:24693816

  3. Learning from SimCity: an empirical study of Turkish adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanes, Zeynep; Cemalcilar, Zeynep

    2010-10-01

    SimCity is a system simulation game frequently used in educational settings. This study investigates whether playing SimCity could change Turkish adolescents' perception of the city they live in. We hypothesized that playing the game would lead to perceptional changes in the players regarding their ideal and real cities. Two hundred forty eight 13-year old Turkish adolescents attending 7th grade constituted the sample. Ninety adolescents played the game for six weeks. Their scores on various perception variables on city issues were compared to those of the control group's. Results showed that students in the experimental group changed their expectations of an ideal city to resemble the game, expected city authorities to pay greater attention to city issues, and reported higher level of distrust to city authorities at the post-test compared to those in the control group. Findings are discussed in terms of the potential of SimCity in training informed citizens. PMID:19931157

  4. Searching Physical Fitness Norms by Eurofit Tests of Male Students in The Age Group of 12-14

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    Bilgehan BAYD?L

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to make adetermination about the case, by searching Eurofit tests and physicalfitness norms of boy students in the age group of 12-14 at Kastamonu Region, and to make a contribution to literature. The investigation was mode on the age group of 12-14 years old, volunteered 63 boy students who are studying at Gazipaa Primary Education School and Merkez Primary Education School that were chosen at random, in Kastamonu. Height and weight, measure of subcutan fat flamingo balance test, test of touching to discs, flexibility, long jump by pausing, strenght shuttle test, 10x5 m runnig test, vertical jumping test by pausing and 20 m shuttle run test, were applied to these students.

  5. The role and importance of maritime culture in Turkish cuisine

    OpenAIRE

    Turgay Bucak; O?uz Ta?p?nar

    2014-01-01

    One of the most important factors in the formation of the culinary culture of a society is its geographic location. In order to talk about maritime culture in a society’s cuisine, a presence of sea-coast is required. In this context, the formation of marine culture in Turkish cuisine started after Ottomans became neighbours with Aegean, Mediterranean and Black sea. Today, sea products have a substantial place in Turkish cuisine. This contributes to richness of Turkish cuisine and also ensures...

  6. Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version

    OpenAIRE

    Ay?egül KART; M. Hakan TÜRKÇAPAR

    2013-01-01

    Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the validity and reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire -Turkish Version (ACQ). Method: ACQ was administered to 92 patients with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Reliability of ACQ was analyzed by test-retest correlation, split-half ...

  7. The role and importance of maritime culture in Turkish cuisine

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    Turgay Bucak

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available One of the most important factors in the formation of the culinary culture of a society is its geographic location. In order to talk about maritime culture in a society’s cuisine, a presence of sea-coast is required. In this context, the formation of marine culture in Turkish cuisine started after Ottomans became neighbours with Aegean, Mediterranean and Black sea. Today, sea products have a substantial place in Turkish cuisine. This contributes to richness of Turkish cuisine and also ensures it to have a higher place in international cuisine. Turkish cuisine came to the fore in terms of healthy nutrition with the introduction of marine culture to the Turkish cuisine. In this study, the influence of marine culture on Turkish cuisine and what it brought to Turkish cuisine are studied. The sea food in Turkish cuisine, where they are procured, how they are prepared, presented and serviced are emphasized in the study. The study was conducted in Çanakkale, a Bosphorus city where sea food can be found in abundance. Thus with this study, the importance of marine culture and its place in Turkish cuisine are explored.

  8. A Sign-Based Phrase Structure Grammar for Turkish

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    Sehitoglu, O T

    1996-01-01

    This study analyses Turkish syntax from an informational point of view. Sign based linguistic representation and principles of HPSG (Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar) theory are adapted to Turkish. The basic informational elements are nested and inherently sorted feature structures called signs. In the implementation, logic programming tool ALE (Attribute Logic Engine) which is primarily designed for implementing HPSG grammars is used. A type and structure hierarchy of Turkish language is designed. Syntactic phenomena such a s subcategorization, relative clauses, constituent order variation, adjuncts, nomina l predicates and complement-modifier relations in Turkish are analyzed. A parser is designed and implemented in ALE.

  9. Turkish Independence War and its consequences

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    Alexandru?Nicolae Cucu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available At the end of the First World War, the Ottoman Empire collapsed and the Great Powers came to take the control of its territories. Having a strategic position at the southern gate of Europe, all of Turkish lands were very important for the First World War winners, both to secure European borders and to develop the trade between Europe and Middle East. On the other side, under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk command, a new Turkey with a strong nationalist way decided to fight for emancipating. Winning the war with the Great Powers not only in a military way, but also from a diplomatic perspective, the new Turkey became a modern regional power, having institutions and laws that assured its prosperity and security. Taking into consideration the independence war evolution, this paper wants also to show the diplomatic capability of Turkish leaders to balance between powers involved in the region.

  10. USAGE OF SYNONYM WORD IN OLD ANATOLIAN TURKISH MEDICAL HANDSCRIPTS AND SYNONYMITY IN TURKISH

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    ?lhan UÇAR

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Richness of languages evaluates by its vocabulary. Some of these words occures with synonyms, which have got same meanings. While investigating oldness of languages, the presence belongs to these language synonyms are also important. Some of synonyms as well taken from other languages. Presence of borrowed words in a language has importance in the way of the language history. Commercial, scientific, literary, etc. relations which are established with the other nations also reverberates to the presence of vocabulary. In the period of the Old Anatolian Turkish, works were given in many fields in addition to orientation of scientific work also as mentioned. Hand scripts in medicine subject point out in the works which proved by the influence of Anatolian Bey’s. Turkish Terms and their synonyms which used in these hand scripts had contributed to comprise Turkish scientific language.

  11. New Turkish Cinema – Some Remarks On The Homesickness Of The Turkish Soul

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    Agnieszka Ay?en Kaim

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary cinematography reflects the dualism in modern Turkish society. The heart of every inhabitant of Anatolia is dominated by homesickness for his little homeland. This overpowering feeling affects common people migrating in search of work as well as intellectuals for whom Istanbul is a place for their artistic development but not the place of origin. The city and “the rest” have been considered in opposition to each other. The struggle between “the provincial” and “the urban” has even created its own film genre in Turkish cinematography described as “homeland movies”. They paint the portrait of a Turkish middle class intellectual on the horns of a dilemma, the search for a modern identity and a place to belong in a modern world where values are constantly shifting.

  12. Turkish Text Retrieval Experiments Using Lemur Toolkit

    OpenAIRE

    Y?lmaz, Kutlu Emre; ARSLAN, Ahmet; Yilmazel, Ozgur

    2014-01-01

    We used Lemur Toolkit, an open source toolkit designed for Information Retrieval (IR) research, for our automated indexing and retrieval experiments on a TREC-like test collection for Turkish. We study and compare three retrieval models Lemur supports, especially Language modeling approach to IR, combined with language specific preprocessing techniques. Our experiments show that all retrieval models benefits from language specific preprocessing in terms of retrieval quality....

  13. Health Risks Faced by Turkish Agricultural Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Hülya Çakmur

    2014-01-01

    Background. Individuals who make a living through agriculture and animal husbandry are faced with a variety of physical and psychological health risks. In many international studies, it has been shown that these risks can result in disease. The purpose of this study is to summarize the health risks faced by Turkish agricultural workers. Materials and Methods. This study used a nonrandom, convenience sample. The biopsychosocial health statuses of 177 farmers from 11 central villages in Kars, T...

  14. A Turkish cultural circle: Bektashi Alevism

    OpenAIRE

    Y?lmaz Soyyer

    2005-01-01

    The “Bektashi Alevism” is a necessary definition for common and effective social construction along spreading from Anatolia to Balkans. The Turkish Language made its existence to continue in cultural environment as long as Bektashi Alevism continued. Macedonian, Kosovo and Bulgarian Bektashism are still in this circle and effect, especially in 20 Century after dispersion of Ottoman Empire. But more progress is seen on Bektashies activities living in European countries such as Germany and Belg...

  15. TURKISH BANKING SECTOR’S PROFITABILITY FACTORS

    OpenAIRE

    Songül Kakilli ACARAVCI; Ahmet Ertu?rul ÇALIM

    2013-01-01

    Profitability of banking sector is the most important instrument of financial system for the future of the economy. The objective of this study is to determine by using Johansen and Juselius cointegration test approach of the bank specific and macroeconomic factors that affect the profitability of commercial banks in Turkish banking sector. In study, the data are collected from the three biggest state-owned, privately-owned and foreign banks. The sample period spans from 1998 to 2011. In the ...

  16. External Debt: Some Experience From Turkish Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Zahoor Hussain Javed; Ahmet Sahinoz

    2005-01-01

    The study pin downs vital role of the emerging field of external debt and debt indicators in Turkish economy with emphasis on empirical relationship of external debt, debt indicators between growth, investment and exports over the period 1983-2002. Present results suggest that the substantial raise in the stock of external debt put negative effect on investment, positive effect on exports and has no effect on growth. Present results imply that if policy maker wants to increase social welfare ...

  17. An analysis of Turkish hydropower policy

    OpenAIRE

    Erdogdu, Erkan

    2011-01-01

    Over the last decade, Turkish electricity demand has increased more than 8% per annum as a result of economic development. Being one of the renewable energy sources par excellence, non-exhaustible, non-polluting and economically more attractive than other renewable sources, hydropower has turned out to be an important contributor to the future energy mix of the country. This paper deals with hydropower policies to meet increasing electricity demand for sustainable energy development in Turkey...

  18. A Study on Turkish Rhododendron L. (Ericaceae)

    OpenAIRE

    TERZ?O?LU, Salih; Merev, Nesime; AN??N, Rahim

    2001-01-01

    Some of the Turkish Rhododendron L. taxa need wood anatomical and palynological studies for their certain determination together with morphological studies. Therefore, some of them were studied and a revised list of them is given. New distribution areas of a newly recorded endemic variety of Rhododendron ponticum L. (Rhododendron ponticum L. subsp. ponticum var. heterophyllum An?in) were determined: A7 Trabzon: Maçka, A8 Rize: Çaml?hem?in and A8 Artvin: Murgul, in addition to the already know...

  19. The Turkish version of Maternal Attachment Inventory

    OpenAIRE

    Oya Kavlak; Ahsen ?irin

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The research has been designed as methodological with purpose of the validity and the reliability of the Turkish language version of Maternal Attachment Inventory on mothers within one and four months postpartum. Method: This study was carried out with mothers registered at 19 Health Clinics and three Maternal-Child Health and Family Planning Clinics in which connected to Bornova Health Presidency in Izmir. The sample of research has been composed three clinics in which determined ...

  20. Gini Decomposition by Gender :Turkish Case

    OpenAIRE

    Kaya, Ezgi; Senesen, Umit

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to reveal the gender inequalities in income distribution for Turkey by using decomposition of Gini coefficient, a common income inequality measure. A new decomposition method, Dagum's approach for decomposition of the Gini coefficient is used in the study. In the analysis, the decomposition of the Gini coefficient by gender is applied to Turkish individuals twice. First Gini coefficient for total disposable income is decomposed to examine the gender disparities in ind...

  1. MARKS OF GENDER CATEGORY IN TURKISH LANGUAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enfel DO?AN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Sex and gender are under a grammatical category of the words in several languages, which shows the differentation presented in terms of masculinity, feminity or neutrality. While the category of gender exists in most of Indo-European languages and in the languages belonging to the semitic languages, it doesn’t exist in Altaic languages and Turkish language. So the words don’t have gender. However, it is affirmed by some linguists that the morphemes regarded as gender affixes take place in some words in Turkish language. When Turkish vocabulary are investigated to be able to see the traces of gender category, morphological features are not encountered as in the languages which have this category. But, considering the existance of some examples, it is possible to entitle and offer a suggestion. In this article, regarding the opinions over the subject, an evaluation will be carried out, the examples we think they have traces of gender category in terms of semantic and lexical will be classified and some new terms will be proposed.

  2. IN THE CONTEMPORARY TURKISH PAINTING TRADITIONAL INTERACTION

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    Erol KILIÇ

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Since the establishment of the Republic, we are witnesses to effording to form identity by Turkish painters in Turkish painting as in other areas of the arts. Turgut Zaim and Nurullah Berk are the first examples we can give. The early 1950s, intense discussions were made on the identity in the fields of art and in this context, artists have tried their first products in traditional interaction. While Turgut Zaim and Nurullah Berk's miniature interactive experiments were going on, in parallel with the influencing progress of the artists of abstract expressionist art, Calligraphy in Turkey, ornaments and decorative surface and creating an image of the carpet-rug patterns are seen in the effects. Initially, traditional interaction which was appeared as a formal has continued to be internalized in the following process and affected on creations of young artists generation after 1970 period. Traditional interaction is still going on in the individual creations of young Turkish artists at the present.

  3. Photoluminescence of Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hatipoglu, Murat, E-mail: murat.hatipoglu@deu.edu.tr [Dokuz Eyluel University, IMYO, Izmir Multidisciplinary Vocational School, Gemmology and Jewellery Programme, TR-35380 Buca-Izmir (Turkey); Dokuz Eyluel University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Natural Building Stones and Gem Stones, TR-35370 Buca-Izmir (Turkey); Basevirgen, Yasemin [Dokuz Eyluel University, IMYO, Izmir Multidisciplinary Vocational School, Gemmology and Jewellery Programme, TR-35380 Buca-Izmir (Turkey); Dokuz Eyluel University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Natural Building Stones and Gem Stones, TR-35370 Buca-Izmir (Turkey)

    2012-11-15

    The purple-colored unique gem material is only found in the Harmanc Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I k (Bursa) region of the western Anatolia (Turkey). Therefore, it is specially called 'Turkish purple jade or turkiyenite' on the worldwide gem market. Even though its jadeite implication is the principal constituent, the material cannot be considered as a single jadeite mineral since other implications are quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid and phlogopite minerals. Even if the analytical methods are used to characterize and identify the Turkish purple jade samples in detail, the luminescence spectra, especially photoluminescence features regarding to composite mineral implications of the material are important because of the existence the numerous characteristic broad and intensive luminescence bands in the samples. We can state that the UV-irradiation luminescence centers as photoluminescence (PL) are due to the overall signals in the Turkish purple jade samples. Accordingly, the distinctive photoluminescence peaks at 743, 717, 698, 484, 465 and 442 nm in PL-2D (counter diagram and sections) and PL-3D (sequence spectra) ranging between 300 and 900 nm of wavelengths, and between 220 and 340 K of temperatures are observed. Finally, photoluminescence features of the heterogeneous-structured material cannot be simply attributed to any chemical impurities, since the jade mass has numerous heterogeneous mineral constituents instead of a single jadeite mineral. Six different mineral implications and chemical impurities in the material composition display complex and individual all kind of luminescence features. Therefore, photoluminescence as well as radioluminescence, cathodoluminescence and thermoluminescence spectra provide positive identification regarding to the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite). - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The purple-colored gem material is only found in the Harmanc Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I k-Bursa region of Turkey. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Material is called 'Turkish purple jade' or 'Turkiyenite' on the worldwide gem market. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Photoluminescence peaks at 743-717-698-484-465-442 nm ranging 300-900 nm and 20-340 K. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A combination of PL-2D and PL-3D graphics using the numerical data from UV excitation.

  4. Photoluminescence of Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purple-colored unique gem material is only found in the Harmanc?k (Bursa) region of the western Anatolia (Turkey). Therefore, it is specially called “Turkish purple jade or turkiyenite” on the worldwide gem market. Even though its jadeite implication is the principal constituent, the material cannot be considered as a single jadeite mineral since other implications are quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid and phlogopite minerals. Even if the analytical methods are used to characterize and identify the Turkish purple jade samples in detail, the luminescence spectra, especially photoluminescence features regarding to composite mineral implications of the material are important because of the existence the numerous characteristic broad and intensive luminescence bands in the samples. We can state that the UV-irradiation luminescence centers as photoluminescence (PL) are due to the overall signals in the Turkish purple jade samples. Accordingly, the distinctive photoluminescence peaks at 743, 717, 698, 484, 465 and 442 nm in PL-2D (counter diagram and sections) and PL-3D (sequence spectra) ranging between 300 and 900 nm of wavelengths, and between 220 and 340 K of temperatures are observed. Finally, photoluminescence features of the heterogeneous-structured material cannot be simply attributed to any chemical impurities, since the jade mass has numerous heterogeneous mineral constituents instead of a single jadeite mineral. Six different mineral implications and chemical impurities in the material composition display complex and individual all kind of luminescence features. Therefore, photoluminescence as well as radioluminescence, cathodoluminescence and thermoluminescence spectra provide positive identification regarding to the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite). - Highlights: ? The purple-colored gem material is only found in the Harmanc?k-Bursa region of Turkey. ? Material is called “Turkish purple jade” or “Turkiyenite” on the worldwide gem market. ? Photoluminescence peaks at 743–717–698–484–465–442 nm ranging 300–900 nm and 20–340 K. ? A combination of PL-2D and PL-3D graphics using the numerical data from UV excitation.

  5. Turkish Children use Morphosyntactic Bootstrapping in Interpreting Verb Meaning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goksun, Tilbe; Kuntay, Aylin C.; Naigles, Letitia R.

    2008-01-01

    How might syntactic bootstrapping apply in Turkish, which employs inflectional morphology to indicate grammatical relations and allows argument ellipsis? We investigated whether Turkish speakers interpret constructions differently depending on the number of NPs in the sentence, the presence of accusative case marking and the causative morpheme.…

  6. Turkish Prospective Teachers' Understanding and Misunderstanding on Global Warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocal, A.; Kisoglu, M.; Alas, A.; Gurbuz, H.

    2011-01-01

    The key objective of this study is to determine the Turkish elementary prospective teachers' opinions on global warming. It is also aimed to establish prospective teachers' views about the environmental education in Turkish universities. A true-false type scale was administered to 564 prospective teachers from science education, social studies…

  7. The Adaptation of Academic Motivation Scale to Turkish

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaguven, M. Hulya Unal

    2012-01-01

    The current study evaluated the psychometric evidence of Turkish form of the Academic Motivation Scale. The scale was based on the tenets of self-determination theory. It was designed to assess an individual's academic motivation if intrinsically or extrinsically driven with 28 questions. University form of the scale was translated into Turkish…

  8. The English ( and ( Vowel Sounds as Fossilized Pronunciation Errors for the Turkish Teachers of English and Solutions to the Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet DEM?REZEN

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available The Fossilized pronunciation errors constitute a great problem in the mastery of L2in second or foreign language learning and teaching (Odlin 1989; Demirezen, 2003;Demirezen, 2004; Johnson, 2001. One of such errors, which is committed by a greatmajority of Turkish teachers of English and student teachers, is the acquisition of ƒËƒÁƒÍ andƒËƒµƒÍ vowel sounds of the English language. There has been no specific material or lessonplan encountered so far in the literature to rehabilitate the pronunciation difficulty, createdby ƒËƒÁƒÍ and ƒËƒµƒÍ vowel sounds of the English language. Therefore, this article aims toprovide pronunciation teaching material and a sample lesson on two difficult sounds forTurks, like ƒËƒÁƒÍ and ƒËƒµƒÍ, to the Turkish teachers-on-the-job and student teachers ofEnglish.

  9. IMPORTANCE AND THE USE OF ANIMATION AS A MATERIAL IN TEACHING TURKISH AS A FOREINGN LANGUAGE - YABANCI D?L OLARAK TÜRKÇE Ö?RET?M?NDE MATERYAL OLARAK AN?MASYON KULLANIMI VE ÖNEM?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih YILMAZ

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, learning a foreign language becomes necessary; the importance of teaching Turkish to the foreigners is getting more and more. Although Turkish is a rooted language, it is quite a new field to teach Turkish as a foreign language. Varies studies have been applied on teaching Turkish as s foreign language and came a long way. However, when it is examined, it can be seen that one of the most common problems of teaching Turkish to the foreigners is the lack of teaching materials. Animation as a material used in teaching Turkish to the foreigners has become remarkable day by day. In foreign language teaching, visuality is an important factor on permanent learning, thus animation plays an important role in teaching foreign languages. In this study aiming at using animation as an alternative to the lack of materials and to provide permanent learning, activities are developed according to the Common European Framework of Reference. Activities are designed by using the animation “Bee Movie” produced in 2007. The activities are prepared to develop main language skills (listening, writing, speaking and reading on A1 level. In each activity, duration, target language skill, educational attainment, materials and application of the activities have been explained. In this study it is expressed that these activities will be a solution for material scarcity by enriching the learning atmosphere, increasing student motivation, providing individual education, providing the improvement of students’ language skills, converting abstract topics into concrete and providing permanent learning.

  10. The validity and reliability of Kogan’s attitude towards old people scale in the Turkish society

    OpenAIRE

    Dilek Kiliç; Derya Adibelli

    2011-01-01

    This study was conducted methodologically in order to determine the validity and reliability of Kogan’s Attitude towards Old People Scale after being adapted to the Turkish Society. 145 female students, attending the 4th and 5th year of the faculty of Medical Sciences at Atatürk University, and 118 nurses, working at Ataturk University Aziziye-Yakutiye Research Hospitals, were in-cluded in the study. The sample group was chosen from the population using a non-probability convenience sampling ...

  11. Mediating Role of Self Efficacy on the Relationship between Subjective Vitality and School Burnout in Turkish Adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Saricam, Hakan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to examine whether self efficacy might play a mediating role between subjective vitality and school burnout in Turkish adolescents. The participants were 344 high school students who completed a questionnaire package that included the School Burnout Scale, the Subjective Vitality Scale, and the General Self-Efficacy Scale. Relationships between self efficacy, vitality and school burnout were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and predicti...

  12. Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish-Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gungor, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; Phalet, Karen

    2012-01-01

    We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish-Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 age-mates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream…

  13. Specific Language Impairment in Turkish: Evidence from Case Morphology in Turkish-German Successive Bilinguals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothweiler, Monika; Chilla, Solveig; Babur, Ezel

    2010-01-01

    Language disorders, and Specific Language Impairment (SLI), have been extensively studied in a number of different, though thus far almost exclusively Indoeuropean, languages. For other languages such as Turkish, Vietnamese, or Arabic, however, findings on the outcome of SLI are rare. In this context, the growing number of migrant children in…

  14. ACTIVITIES OF DEVELOPING VOCABULARY OF STUDENTS AND DICTIONARY USAGE IN TURKISH EDUCATION TÜRKÇE E??T?M?NDE Ö?RENC?LER?N SÖZ VARLI?INI GEL??T?RME ETK?NL?KLER? VE SÖZLÜK KULLANIMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali GÖÇER

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Vocabulary is to affect the success of education, teaching and the skills of language of students. Words have important function in communication. In this study the importance of vocabulary is emphasized, the techniques need to be application during education of the students on new words and word training techniques are being investigated. Söz varl???, ö?rencilerin dil becerilerini, e?itim ve ö?retim ba?ar?lar?n? do?rudan etkilemektedir. Bireyler aras? ileti?imde de söz varl???n?n önemi büyüktür. Bu çal??mada söz varl???n?n önemi üzerinde durulmakta, ö?rencilere yeni kelimelerin kazand?r?lmas?nda takip edilmesi gereken teknikler ve kelime ö?retimine yönelik gerçekle?tirilebilecek etkinliklere i?aret edilmektedir.

  15. The Contributions of Theme-Based CBI to Turkish Young Learners’ Language Development in English

    OpenAIRE

    Nalân K?z?ltan; Ceylan Yang?n Ersanl?

    2007-01-01

    This study aims at discussing the contributions of Content–based Instruction (CBI) to young learners’ language development in English. Among the three models of CBI, theme-based model has been used in the study, since sheltered and adjunct models are not so functional as theme-based model in Turkish public schools. Experiments have been conducted in both control and pilot groups. The pilot group students have been taught basic language skills in English through theme-based CBI. Both groups ha...

  16. The Adaptation Study of Kenny Music Performance Anxiety Inventory into Turkish

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    Banu ÖZEV?N TOK?NAN

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, Kenny Music Performance Anxiety Inventory was analyzed in terms of linguistic equivalance, validity and realibility in order to adapt the Music Performance Anxiety Performance into Turkish culture. The study was conducted with 696 students who attendent to Music Education Department in different universities. After the validity and reliability studies of the six-point Likert-style inventory, it is found that the adapted version of inventory has 25 items, which is distributed in five factors. Inventory’s Cronbach Alpha is .895 and the item-total correlations are between .336 and .651.

  17. Historical approach to Turkish folk and classical music

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    Fatma Adile Baser

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Turkish Classical Music, especially with the success at the Ottoman period, is a music of a civilization. It became a common language in all geographies and people that Turks made contacts with in various ways. Turkish civilization does not deny what she learned from Persians and Arabs, but she managed to use them to improve herself and developing better by adding the information to herself. This shows her power of creating civilization. One of the main signs of this three-continent-spread culture is of course Turkish Classical Music. ?t is seen that collective awareness and mind which forms Turkish Classical Music, first recovered the common points, coming from the roots, between Turkish “boy” clans then considered the musical specialities of other societies that share same climate, geography, or some cultural values with Turks. In this manner, the music developed, came to the point that we say “classic”, in which societies and nations found themselves within, by climbing over the identity of being a particular group’s or society’s music. This study is directed towards to recover the main components which gives Turkish Classical Music its character in the process of development by looking beyond the history. In this point the relationship between Turkish Classical and Folk Music is presented.The main path to Muslim Turkishness in the art and political area – Oguz Turkishness is emphasized and their understanding and behaviour before and after Islam is discussed from the music side. Second mainland of Turks, Anatolia is again discussed under another title by the means of Seljuks, Anatolian Seljuks and Beyliks periods; reflections of Oguz “bey” understanding in music is told. The effects of the sufi understanding which came to Anatolia over Horasan on music and the Anatolian Turkishness’ role over sufi understanding is considered, Ahi organization which is said to be a semi religious foundation of Turkish style mentioned by the means of music.The most natural tones of understanding and practises of deciding Turkish Classical Music’s Turkishness could have been existed by modelings and integrations on the example of Folk Music. On the other side we see Folk Music taking the things which is integrated from her as a model so it is seen that this process is working with an enlarging, developing and transferring continuation.

  18. Historical approach to Turkish folk and classical music

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Âdile Ba?er

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Turkish Classical Music, especially with the success at the Ottoman period, is a music of a civilization. It became a common language in all geographies and people that Turks made contacts with in various ways. Turkish civilization does not deny what she learned from Persians and Arabs, but she managed to use them to improve herself and developing better by adding the information to herself. This shows her power of creating civilization. One of the main signs of this three-continent-spread culture is of course Turkish Classical Music. ?t is seen that collective awareness and mind which forms Turkish Classical Music, first recovered the common points, coming from the roots, between Turkish “boy” clans then considered the musical specialities of other societies that share same climate, geography, or some cultural values with Turks. In this manner, the music developed, came to the point that we say “classic”, in which societies and nations found themselves within, by climbing over the identity of being a particular group’s or society’s music. This study is directed towards to recover the main components which gives Turkish Classical Music its character in the process of development by looking beyond the history. In this point the relationship between Turkish Classical and Folk Music is presented.The main path to Muslim Turkishness in the art and political area – Oguz Turkishness is emphasized and their understanding and behaviour before and after Islam is discussed from the music side. Second mainland of Turks, Anatolia is again discussed under another title by the means of Seljuks, Anatolian Seljuks and Beyliks periods; reflections of Oguz “bey” understanding in music is told. The effects of the sufi understanding which came to Anatolia over Horasan on music and the Anatolian Turkishness’ role over sufi understanding is considered, Ahi organization which is said to be a semi religious foundation of Turkish style mentioned by the means of music.The most natural tones of understanding and practises of deciding Turkish Classical Music’s Turkishness could have been existed by modelings and integrations on the example of Folk Music. On the other side we see Folk Music taking the things which is integrated from her as a model so it is seen that this process is working with an enlarging, developing and transferring continuation.

  19. TURKISH SHEPHERD DOG KANGAL IN SIVAS FOLKLORE

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    A?k?n YA?AR

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available As one of animals to which are approached with great sympathy by Turkishpeople, Kangal dogs are among the animals accepted sacred in Turkish folklore.Kangals as shepherd dogs were brought into Anatolia along with herds owned byOghuz clans the traditional livelihood of which depends on sheep herds. Being theoldest and most common race of natural shepherd dog, Turkish shepherd dog,Kangal, has survived with all characteristics of it mostly thanks to the matchlessprotection of local people of the town Kangal.Throughout the study, the main objective is to determine the folkloricknowledge related with Kangal raising within folklore of Sivas and to make somecontribution to Turkish world of culture.The research material has consisted of folkloric knowledge obtained between9th April-10th July, 2012 with “information review forms” applied to peopleassociated with folkloric veterinary medicine and animal husbandry in Sivas (e.g.medicine practitioners, animal owners, other resource persons, etc.In the study, it has been determined that raisers in Sivas folklore classify theKangals according to general racial characteristics, color of their pelt and tails ofthem. They are grouped as “kurtçul”, “saf”, “k?rma”; and “alas?-boz”, “karayaka”,“sar? yaka”, “boz yaka”, “k?ll?”, “k?rç?l”; and “k?l?ç kuyruk”, “kuyru?u e?ri”, “k?vrakkuyruk”, based on racial characteristics, color of pelt and tails respectively. Also, ithas been gathered significant data on diseases and treatments on Kangals, generalracial standards (structure of the body, head and skull, etc., care and nutrition,estrus, delivery information, wolf choking incident, ear cut, stories, beliefs andidioms.Consequently, it can be suggested that one of reasons why Kangals havemanaged to keep its generation must be original stories and beliefs in Sivas, whichcover the Kangal`s wolf choke, intelligence, courage and loyalty; that lack ofknowledge and mistakes in folkloric veterinary medicine and breeding applicationsbe eliminated in animal rights and welfare terms.

  20. THE PERCEPTIONS OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS ON USING E-MAIL, CHAT

    OpenAIRE

    Hüseyin UZUNBOYLU; Fezile ÖZDAMLI

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to obtain general information from students who have different culturesabout using e-mail, chat & discussion groups at internet for educational purposes. For this study quantitativeapproach was used. Sample size was 301 (221 male – 80 female). The sample comprised university students fromNorth Cyprus and South Cyprus. We classified the students according to their cultures. So these groups are TurkishCypriots (n=65), Greek Cypriots (n=50), Turkish (n=75), European ...

  1. THE FLUFF OF BELOVED CLASSICAL TURKISH LITERATURE

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    Kür?at ?amil ?AH?N

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available It has been so much focused on beloved in Classical Turkish poetry that thousands of coupletshave been written for each limb and feature of hers. Poets have used a great number of analogies and metaphors with a wide world of imagination as for the fluff on and around the beloved's cheek and the lip. In this study, the fluff of beloved at issue in literary texts has been accentuated and the analogy and metaphor elements on this case has been ascertained. Dreams created around the fluff have been collectively presented.

  2. Eurimages and Turkish cinema: history, identity, culture

    OpenAIRE

    Y?lmazok, L.

    2012-01-01

    Out of the new sources for financing films that emerged in the post-1990 Turkish cinema, Eurimages is the only non-domestic, supra-national one wherein support decisions are taken by the representatives of various member states. Eurimages was established as a part of the framework of the Council of Europe in 1988 to foster co-operation amongst film professionals in the co-production and distribution of cinematographic works as well as to promote awareness and encourage the development of Euro...

  3. THE GREAT SILK ROAD AND TURKISH WORLD

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    Mustafa ÖZDEM?R

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The expression of the great Silk Road first came from the famouse Chinese traveler Çjan Syan before the BC and is now known as Kervan Road. Later, this expression gained a new meaning between Asia, the Mediterranean and the European countries.An estimated of 20 000 km of total length of the Great Silk Road passed the Turkish peoples settled lands. The Silk Road that was considered as the Jugularvein major trade route that was connecting China and Byzantium was in Turks hands.

  4. Turkish Stream: What strategy for Europe?

    OpenAIRE

    Hafner, Manfred; TAGLIAPIETRA, Simone

    2015-01-01

    On December 1, 2014 Russian President Vladimir Putin surprised the energy world by announcing, during a state visit to Turkey, the demise of the long-planned South Stream pipeline project and the launch of a new project to evacuate Russian gas to Turkey and South-East Europe bypassing Ukraine: Turkish Stream. Since 2007 South Stream has represented a key element of the discussions concerning the EU security of gas supply and the overall EU-Russia relations. For this reason, the unexpected dem...

  5. TURKISH HARD COAL AGENCY ECONOMIC EFFECT OF ZONGULDAK

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    Mesut EL?BÜYÜK

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Turkish Hard Coal Agency -the only institution engaged in coal extractionhas made great contributions in the economic sense, in the western Black Sea region or even the entire Black Sea region. That institution Turkish Hard Coal Agency, particularly in terms of the development of the province of Zonguldak has been a decisive influence. The extraction of coal in the institution goes through in a challenging process. The businesses, factories, the location of lavuars, wells of Turkish Hard Coal Agency have appointed both urban development areas as well as the direction of migration. Depending on Turkish Hard Coal Agency, many industries have been established in this region but the region's economy is mainly dominated by iron and steel sector. Turkish Hard Coal Agency has made some significant impacts in the other activities of the workers in the institution. The agriculture, livestock, forestry, industrial and commercial activities remain under the influence of Turkish Hard Coal Agency and these activities are being shaped by the production of Turkish Hard Coal Agency. There is also seen the largest share of public investments in mining.

  6. Two-Dimensional Self-Esteem: Adaptation of the Self-Liking/SelfCompetence Scale into Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study

    OpenAIRE

    Do?an, Tayfun; Sakarya University

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study is to adapt the Self-Liking/Self-Competence Scale developed by Tafarodi and Swan (2001) into Turkish and to investigate its psychometric properties in a sampling made up of university students. A total of 604 students from Sakarya University and Hacettepe University participated in the research. The psychometric properties of the scale were analyzed by means of item analysis, internal consistency, test-retest, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and criterion-relate...

  7. Türkçenin Yabanc? Dil Olarak Ö?retimi Ders Kitaplar?nda Kültür Aktar?m? Cultural Transmission Through Teaching Turkish As a Foreign Language Course Books

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih YILMAZ

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Communication in foreign language teaching is gaining more importance in today’s world. Language students find that learning the vocabulary and grammatical structures of a particular language is not enough to gain proficiency in the language. The close relationship between language and culture reveals the fact that it is impossible to master a language without learning its culture. Therefore, the course books used for teaching a foreign language must improve students’ communication skills by raising their cultural awareness. In this study, culture transfer through course books is analyzed and evaluated within the context of teaching Turkish to foreigners. The Yeni Hitit Yabanc?lar için Türkçe series, the course books used in the Turkish Studies Department at Jagiellonian University, are evaluated according to the following cultural transfer criteria: a subject area, (b type of text and (c visuality. The evaluation of the Yeni Hitit Yabanc?lar için Türkçe course book series from the perspective of cultural transmission has revealed that they contain elements that present Turkish culture to students with its different aspects and succeed in transmitting the Turkish culture to students for whom they are intended. Course books that promote communicative and intercultural competence should be chosen to teach Turkish as a foreign language at Polish universities. Günümüzde yabanc? dil ö?retiminde ileti?imin önemi gittikçe artmaktad?r. Dil ö?renenler için sadece o dilin kelime ve dilbilgisi yap?lar?n? ö?renmek dil yeterlili?i aç?s?ndan yeterli de?ildir. Dil ve kültür aras?ndaki yak?n ili?ki, bir dile o dilin kültürünü ö?renmeden hâkim olunamayaca?? gerçe?ini ortaya koymaktad?r. Bundan dolay?, yabanc? dil ö?retimi için kullan?lan ders kitaplar? da kültürel fark?ndal??? art?rarak ileti?im becerilerini geli?tirmesi beklenmektedir.

  8. Geographical motifs in Turkish folk music lexicon and similarity analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Mehmet ?ahin; Mehmet Gürbüz

    2012-01-01

    Turkish folk music, as the name implies, is music that comes from the people and it is a kind of music that defines and tells the people. It is significantly affected by the physical and human features of the region where it is said. Turkey which is located on Anatolia that hosts many civilizations through history has rich folk music culture. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of geography in shaping Turkish folk music and to specify Turkish folk music regions. For this pur...

  9. Turkish counselor educators’ opinions about counselor candidates’ dispositions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fidan Korkut Owen

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Counselor candidates are assessed though homework, exams, projects and thesis during their education. On the other hand, there are some discussions about assessments of their dispositions besides their academic achievement. Even though here is no consensus about what these characteristics are, openness, self-awareness, honesty can be given as an example. The purpose of this study is three­fold: a to describe what Turkish counselor educators think about which dispositions counselor candidates should have, b how these dispositions can be developed or enriched and c how they can be assessed. Researchers developed a questionnaire with five open ended questions and it was sent to 48 counselor educators via email, 34 of them from 23 universities (three of them were private sent their feedback, so return rate was 71%. The findings were analyzed by using descriptive statistics such as frequencies. According to findings, counselor educators mainly revealed that honesty, being open for communication, empathetic understanding, self-awareness, being flexible and helpful are fundamental dispositions. According to counselor educators these dispositions can be developed by increasing the number of practicum courses, adding counseling supervision courses and practices to education program, being a role model as counselor educators. Counselor educators suggested that dispositions can be assessed by evaluating students’ performance during practicum courses, using test and non-test assessment techniques, observing them and interviewing. Results were discussed in light of current literature.

  10. Current snapshot of the Turkish ESCO market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Turkey's Energy Efficiency Law (EEL), enacted in 2007, had been expected to transform the energy policies in government and private sectors, and offer opportunities for, then-impending, Turkish Energy Service Company (ESCO) market. Yet, the communiqué of the EEL related to ESCOs was released only recently in July 2012. In this work, we review the current status of the ESCO market in Turkey. We provide an outlook through the recent legal communiqué and present barriers, enabling factors, and opportunities, supported by country's financial and economic facts. ESCO-financing mechanism prevailing and the sources of financing in the country are also mentioned. The communiqué on ESCOs fits well in the chain of regulatory attempts to increase Turkey's competitiveness in the global markets. However, we anticipate that some of its principles and procedures to be enforced may be deterrent for small-scale candidate ESCOs and may slow down the expected development of the Turkish ESCO market. Otherwise, the communiqué should lead restructuring of a stronger ESCO market in Turkey. - Highlights: • We review the current status of the ESCO market in Turkey. • We give outlook through the recent communiqué on ESCOs. • We provide view through financial and economic facts. • We present barriers, enabling factors, and suggestions

  11. TURKISH BANKING SECTOR’S PROFITABILITY FACTORS

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    Songül Kakilli ACARAVCI

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Profitability of banking sector is the most important instrument of financial system for the future of the economy. The objective of this study is to determine by using Johansen and Juselius cointegration test approach of the bank specific and macroeconomic factors that affect the profitability of commercial banks in Turkish banking sector. In study, the data are collected from the three biggest state-owned, privately-owned and foreign banks. The sample period spans from 1998 to 2011. In the study, return of asset, return of equity and net interest margin were used as proxy for profitability of banks. The bank specific determinants, which were thought to have effects on profitability are total credits/total assets, total deposits/total assets, total liquid assets/total assets, total wage and commission incomes/ total assets, total wage and commission expenses/total assets, the logarithm of total assets and total equity/total assets. The macroeconomic determinants of study are real gross domestic product, inflation rate, real exchange rate and real interest rate. Empirical findings suggest that the bank specific determinants have been more effect than macroeconomic factors on profitability of the banks. The reel gross domestic product and real exchange rate have been effective on the profitability. In addition, the 2001 economic crisis has a negative effect on all Turkish Banking sector.

  12. Investigation of Turkish marbles as shielding materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The natural Turkish marbles, especially Usak Green (UG), Aegean Purple (AP), and Marmara White (MW) were tested as shielding materials using standard gamma sources such as Co-60, Cs-137 and Eu-152. The experiment showed that UG, AP and MW are very effective shields against gamma-rays. The result for this experiment is that the gamma-ray attenuation coefficients of UG, AP and MW are almost equal for the energy range from 0.1 MeV to 1.4 MeV. Also, the elemental compositions of the natural UG, AP and MW marbles have been determined by fast and thermal neutron activation analysis and fourteen elements including Na, Mg, Al, Si, Cl, K, Ca, V, Ti, Mn, Fe, La, Ba and Sc have been found using the gamma spectroscopic method. The range of element contents of all Turkish marbles are remarkably different, but most of the elements are common such as Ca, Fe, Na, Cl, Mg, Si. (orig.)

  13. External Debt: Some Experience From Turkish Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahoor Hussain Javed

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The study pin downs vital role of the emerging field of external debt and debt indicators in Turkish economy with emphasis on empirical relationship of external debt, debt indicators between growth, investment and exports over the period 1983-2002. Present results suggest that the substantial raise in the stock of external debt put negative effect on investment, positive effect on exports and has no effect on growth. Present results imply that if policy maker wants to increase social welfare and growth, then it may be necessary to endow the political, military and social environment with appropriate enforcement devices with respect to the economy`s targets, choices and preferences. Results suggests that external debt and debt indicators has low effect on the improvement of Turkish economy, which is dominantly, influenced by political authorities and bureaucracy. In nut shell, the conclusion supports the idea that the setting of external debt by authorities must be disciplined which, in some instances is possibly over ruled by the structural adjustment programmes, which can remove economic distortion, accelerate exports, growth and encourage external debt management.

  14. The Impacts of the Turkish Emigrants on Turkish Exports and Imports in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Insel, Aysu; Sungur Cakmak, Nesrin

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the link between migration and trade, focusing on Turkey as a “sending” country and the selected trading partners, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK, as the “receiving” countries in Europe. The research question is: “Do Turkish emigrants have positive impacts on the exports and imports of Turkey through preference and/or network channels.” The investigation methodology involves the fixed effec...

  15. Safety Perception of Turkish and European Passengers in Turkish Airports: A Cross-National Comparison

    OpenAIRE

    Nuriye Güres; Halil Demirer; Senkan Aldemir; Lutfu Tayfur; Seda Arslan

    2011-01-01

    This research primarily aimed to illustrate the national differences of passengers regarding their perceptions ofTurkish airport safety. Secondly, airport safety perceptions by some other consumer characteristics such asdemographics, flight characteristics, fairness perception and satisfaction from airport services were tried to berevealed.The research had a between-groups comparison design of data obtained in a one time measurement of the field.The predictions were tested in a sample of 911 ...

  16. Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Güngör, Derya; Marc H. Bornstein; Phalet, Karen

    2012-01-01

    We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 agemates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream culture) and related to cultural values, acculturation orientations, and ethnic identification. Belgian adolescents showed lower and declining religiosity ...

  17. THE INFLUENCY OF LANGUAGE COMPETENCE AND BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE UPON TEXT COMPREHENSION OF TURKISH ACQUIRER OF GERMAN AS A THIRD LANGUAGE

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    Nihan DEM?RYAY

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the learning behaviour during text comprehension of Turkish students who are learning German as a third language after English. For this purpose, this study contributes to explore the cognitive abilities that help readers to comprehend texts which are written in German as foreign language. Therefore the study considers variables that determine the comprehension of linear texts. These variables are the language competence, and background knowledge. To this end, data have been collected in order to test the influence of the mentioned variables on text comprehension of learners studying German as their third language. The findings indicate that the language competences of English and background knowledge are the most important variables for the understanding of German texts of Turkish acquirer of German as a third language. Regarding this finding, this present study intends to provide an explanation for learners behaviour involved in text comprehension.

  18. Adaptation of the short-form of the UCLA Loneliness Scale (ULS-8 to Turkish for the Adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    mehmet ali yildiz

    2014-01-01

    Results: The factor analysis resulted in one factor. Factor loadings of the items varied between 0.31 and 0.71. All of the fit indices indicated a good-fit model for the ULS-8. Criterion-related validity analysis revealed that there were significant relationships between loneliness and the general belongingness (r=-0.71, life satisfaction (r=-0.42. The results also showed that internal consistency coefficients of the factors were highly satisfactory for whole scale =0.74. Test-retest reliability scales was found to be (r=0.84, pamp;lt;0.001 on a sample of 64 high school students in a period of two weeks. Conclusion: Findings suggested that the Turkish version of the ULS-8 was found a valid and reliable instrument for Turkish adolescents.

  19. Two Macrochelid Species (Acari: Gamasida: Macrochelidae) New to Turkish Fauna

    OpenAIRE

    EK?Z, Ali Nafiz

    2002-01-01

    Two macrochelid species, Macrocheles (Glyptholaspis) americana and M. (G.) fimicola, which are new to Turkish fauna, are examined. The morphological characters of these species are reviewed and figures are drawn. Moreover, their zoogeographical distributions and habitats are given.

  20. Retired physicians: a survey study by the Turkish Medical Association

    OpenAIRE

    Gokce-Kutsal, Y; Ozcakar, L; Arslan, S.; Sayek, F

    2004-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life of retired Turkish physicians. The focus was on their working conditions, their health status, and the impact of their disabilities on activities of daily life.

  1. Age differences in the Actiotope Model of Giftedness in a Turkish sample

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    Marilena Z. Leana-Ta?c?lar

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the Actiotope Model of Giftedness, person-environment interactions are the core of excellence. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the resources that support the achievement of goals and to provide more efficient resources. These resources are named educational (localized in the environment and learning (localized in the individual capitals. The Questionnaire of Educational and Learning Capital (QELC was developed based on the Actiotope Model of Giftedness and these capitals. The aim of this study is to present gender and age differences in relation to educational and learning capitals, in a Turkish sample of 1,620 students at three different grade levels: fourth graders (231 girls, 239 boys; mean age = 10.15, SD = 0.40, seventh graders (353 girls, 376 boys; mean age = 13.08, SD = 0.34, and 10th graders (274 girls, 147 boys; mean age = 16.20, SD = 0.54. Results of the confirmatory factor analysis showed the expected two-factor structure (educational and learning capitals of the original German version of QELC. The Cronbach's alpha result for the Turkish version of the QELC was .97. The findings suggest that gender differences are more important in the seventh grade (first year of adolescence in favor of girls in economic, cultural, social, organismic, and telic capitals. Results about age differences showed that the younger the students are, the more their achievement is positively affected by the capitals.

  2. The Eveluation of 2005 Turkish Literature Course Teaching Pogramme: Eski?ehir Sample

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    Sevim Nilay I?IKSALAN

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted to determine the application problems of 2005 Turkish literature courses 9th class education programme prepared according to text based classification in the aspect of constructivist approach and to define teachers? views and suggestions for this subject.In the 2007-2008 education year, school type, occupation seniority and graduation variables were used in the questionnaire which was applied to 180 Turkish Language and Liteature teachers working in several types of high schools in Eski?ehir. The data were interpreted according to chi-square test and rank point was used where chi-square test was not applied. The teachers pointed out that they were not informed about new education programme adequately found the text based classification useful in aspect of teaching writing. However, they thought that the program was above student?s spiritual, language level in an academic depth and comprehensive frame. All of teachers needed a literature guide book showing new methods.

  3. A Review of Turkish Natural Gas Distribution Market

    OpenAIRE

    Erdogdu, Erkan

    2009-01-01

    In Turkey, natural gas consumption started at 0.5 bcm (billion cubic meters) in 1987 and reached approximately 35 bcm in 2007. Turkish natural gas usage is projected to further increase remarkably in coming years. In 2001, a reform process was started to create and strengthen a competitive natural gas market. However, the reform has not worked out as expected so far. The present article discusses the application of auctions in Turkish natural gas distribution zones. After presenting a short s...

  4. Price Setting Behavior in Turkish Industries: Evidence From Survey Data

    OpenAIRE

    Sahinoz, Saygin; Saracoglu, Bedriye

    2008-01-01

    This study investigates the price setting behavior of Turkish industries based on the results of a survey that was conducted by the Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey. The results show that under normal conditions, the majority of the firms follow time-dependent pricing rule but when significant events occur substantial fraction of them alter their behavior to state dependent reviewing. The median Turkish firm reviews its prices every month, but changes its prices four times a year. Price...

  5. The Turkish economy after the global economic crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Elitok, Secil Pacaci; Straubhaar, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    The Turkish economy has gone thru a fast and strong change in recent years. Three dimensions are of special significance: 1. Firstly, the Turkish economy has grown very quickly, with three severe recessions in 1994, 2000/1 and 2009. 2. Secondly, it has opened up rapidly but is still not that open as other economies with a similar level of development. 3. Thirdly, private business has increased but state enterprises or publicly owned and run firms are still important.

  6. Prospective teachers’ views about the problems of Turkish educational system

    OpenAIRE

    Kür?ad Y?lmaz; Yahya Alt?nkurt

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the research is to determine prospective teachers’ views about problems in the Turkish educational system. The research is a survey model study. The research group consists of 91 volunteer prospective teachers attending Faculty of Education, Dumlup?nar University. The participants are asked to define the most crucial five problems in the Turkish education system in writing and explain those issues in a justifiable way. Descriptive analysis technique is used for data analysis. Accor...

  7. Cognitive testing in non-demented Turkish immigrants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, T. Rune; Vogel, Asmus M.; Gade, Anders; Waldemar, Gunhild

    2012-01-01

    Nielsen, T. R. Vogel, A., Gade, A. & Waldemar, G. (2012). Cognitive testing in healthy Turkish immigrants - comparison of the RUDAS and the MMSE. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 53, 455-460. Methods for culturally and linguistically appropriate cognitive testing of elderly minority populations are lacking in Europe. The aim of this study was to compare performance on the Rowland Universal Dementia Assessment Scale (RUDAS) and the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) in Turkish immigrants in D...

  8. An Empirical Study on Determining Ethnocentric Tendencies of Turkish Consumers

    OpenAIRE

    Asil, Hilal

    2013-01-01

    In recent years; for different reasons opposition to globalization has become wide spread in our country and as a result of this event regional nationalism movements affect consumer decision making process for buying. The main concept in this study - consumer ethnocentrism measured by CETSCALE and eventually it is found that Turkish consumers have middle level about consumer ethnocentrism tendency. In this study, it was found that there is a relationship between the Turkish consumers' socio-d...

  9. INTERNET BANKING USAGE: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS ON TURKISH CONSUMERS

    OpenAIRE

    Burcu ?LTER; Saatç?o?lu, Ömür Y.; Kuruo?lu, Emel

    2011-01-01

    Turkey has a developed banking sector which has a very important place in Turkish economy. Internet banking applications started in 1997. Though it does not have a long history it has a very huge potential in the Turkish market. The aim of this paper is to explore if demographical factors are important in identifying the target customers for internet banking; to identify the perception of consumers regarding the attributes of internet banking usage; and to check if consumers perceive internet...

  10. The Turkish version of Maternal Attachment Inventory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oya Kavlak

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The research has been designed as methodological with purpose of the validity and the reliability of the Turkish language version of Maternal Attachment Inventory on mothers within one and four months postpartum. Method: This study was carried out with mothers registered at 19 Health Clinics and three Maternal-Child Health and Family Planning Clinics in which connected to Bornova Health Presidency in Izmir. The sample of research has been composed three clinics in which determined with the purposive sampling technique. First stage, the research was studied on 165 mothers when their babies were approximately 30-40 days old in these registered clinics.At the second stage of research has been interviewed again with 78 mothers when their babies were approximately 90-105 days old.Results: It is determined that experts consensuses about content of items as a result of analysis (Kendall’s W=0.274, p=0.001

  11. Factors that motivate Turkish EFL teachers

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    Erkaya, Odiléa Rocha

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Teachers’ motivation has been an extensive topic of discussion among researchers for over two decades. What has been missing in the discussion, though, is the perspective of those who teach English as a Foreign Language (EFL, especially those who work in Turkey. Therefore, the purpose of this case study was to investigate factors that motivated Turkish EFL teachers working at a Preparatory English Program of a university in Turkey and ways to enhance their motivation. Eight teachers took part in the study. To collect data, unstructured interviews were used. Then, codes were written and themes on teachers’ motivation and demotivation, and ways to motivate teachers emerged. The results can be understood by looking at expectancy theory, more specifically on the focus of the theory: intrinsic (personal and extrinsic (environmental motives. The analysis of what the teachers believed to be their source of motivation and demotivation helped the researcher to propose ways to enhance their motivation.

  12. Turkish oil and gas: special report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The new Turkish coalition government's austerity plans to curb inflation seem unlikely to relieve the country's heavy dependence on imported supplies of energy before the mid-1990s. Though the construction of new power stations, including the 2,400 MW Ataturk dam scheme in the southeast will ease the situation, rising long-term energy demand will increase the importance of the oil and gas sector, where import dependency is particularly accentuated, domestic output meeting only 18% of demand. This article gives details of the boost in domestic crude production arising out of recent discoveries, outlines the state of the state controlled refining industry and describes the way the state pipeline agency has turned its attention to gas development since losing revenues from the loss of transport of Iraqi crude as a consequence of the Gulf crisis. (author)

  13. Stuttering types in Turkish schoolaged children

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    Mavi? Emel Kulak Kay?kç?

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Stuttering types in 8-12 years old Turkish children who stutter were evaluated.Material and Method: Patients having speech disorders who applied to Hacettepe University Audiology and Speech Pathology Department were evaluated. Fifteen stutterers who had the criteria for diagnosis of stuttering were included in the study. Results: Mean age of the patients were 8.3 years, and of the 15 patients 13 (86.7% were males and 2 (13.3% were females. Stuttering types in patients were 89.7% within-words and 11.3% were between words. Within-words stuttering types were significantly higher than between words stuttering types (p=0.001.Conclusions: Dysfluencies beginning in the preschool period, without any intervention turn to be stuttering during the schoolage period. Therefore, early intervention strategies and sharing of those strategies with families are important to prevent stuttering. (Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45: 141-3

  14. Career Development of Upper Primary School Students in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nazli, Serap

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this exploratory-descriptive study was to determine the career development of upper primary school students in Turkey. The Revised Career Awareness Survey (RCAS) was completed by 644 Turkish upper primary school students. Results indicated that the students were able to associate their own personal characteristics with particular…

  15. Nanotechnology Awareness, Opinions and Risk Perceptions among Middle School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, Nurettin; Ekli, Emel

    2013-01-01

    The present study investigates awareness, factual knowledge, opinions, and risk perceptions of students from Turkish middle schools with regard to nanotechnology in a very general sense. The study was carried out among 1,396 middle school 6th, 7th, and 8th grade students. The students' perceptions of and opinions about nanotechnology were…

  16. You Are Not Stuck in a Traffic Jam, You Are the Traffic Jam: Teaching Students How to Take Responsibility for Their Planet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollach, Claudia

    2014-05-01

    Teaching Geography and Economics to our school's fifth graders (14 year-olds), we focus on topics like the ecosystem, climate, natural resources and natural disasters. In addition to the usual curriculum we would like to deepen their knowledge and we want to establish a link between facts, figures and students' lives. The main aim is to raise their awareness of "Our Changing Planet". They should learn how human activity influences climate and enviroment. Moreover, the students should understand how every single action a human being sets has a positive or negative impact on our earth. Even little steps made by each one of us can help the earth and everyone of us has the choice. The idea is to set up a project in which all 14-year-olds take part. They work outside their usual schedule and examine the topic's various aspects for up to three days. Plus, they can explore their individual options to help fix our planet. Possible topics are the sustainable usage of ressources such as water, air, wood, fuel and energy. What is my ecological footprint? How can I support the planet by acting responsible as a consumer? How can we make our school "greener"? Our mission is not only to gain information on the topic but also to change certain habits so that we live and act in a more responsible and sustainable way. Teachers of related subjects give their expertise and help exploring the issues. The "Our Changing Planet" project days peak in an assembly where the student teams present their findings plus an international climatologist is going to give a short lecture.

  17. INSTEAD OF TEACHING THE TEXT LEARNING WITH TEXT IN TEACHING TURKISH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firdevs GÜNE?

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In our world, from 1900s to the present, much kind of approaches and methods have been applied on language teaching. These approaches are traditional, behavioral, constructive and cognitive as the main parts. The traditional approach which is the oldest approach in the language teaching covers the teaching of rules of the grammer, literature, proverbs and liberal education.The language has been teached as the other behaviors, like repetation, imitation, memorizing and classical conditioning as the stimulation-reaction in behavioral approach. These thoughts had start to been changed in 1950s and the thought that is the “language is the for the communicating” had start to spred. Then the studies containing communication and the usage of the language in daily life have been done. Nowadays with the constructive approach, the thought that is “language is the social communication tool” has been supported.The developing of mental, emotional, and social skills have been handled and teaching of language has been done with the many kind of activities,duties and projects. In our country, important developments have been done during the last years parallel to the world. A new Turkish Programme with the constructive approach has been prepared by leaving the behavioral approach. Education approaches such as constructive approach, multiples intellect, student-centered learning, inter-disciplinary approach, etc. are taken as basis in new 2004 Turkish Education Programme. In this way, new Turkish Programme contains developing skills such as mental, emotional, and social and language teaching is being done with the many kind of activities,duties and projects.

  18. The Influence of the Turkish Anti-Tobacco Law on Primary School Children in Edirne

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    Erhan Tabako?lu

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The Turkish anti-tobacco law was accepted and effectuated in 1996. All forms of cigarette advertising, the sale of tobacco products to persons under the age of 18 and smoking in public institutions were all restricted. In this paper, we aimed to evaluate the influence of the Turkish anti-tobacco law on children for the periods before the law, after three years and after 10 years. Material and Methods: A self-completed questionnaire was distributed among primary school children. This included questions about the children’s smoking habits, their opinions of parents’ and teachers’ smoking habits, tobacco use in public places and the recognition rate of 16 food, drink, cigarette and toothpaste logos and brand names. The first, second and third applications of the questionnaire were performed with students who attended the same classes in the same primary schools, accounting for 772 children in June 1996, 1,157 children in February 1999 and 719 children in June 2006.Results: When these three periods were evaluated, it could be seen that the prevalence of having smoked significantly decreased (13.9%, 4%, 2.2%, p<0.001, as did the rate of purchasing cigarettes within the past week (36.6%, 29.1%, 15.8%, p<0.001. The disagreement with parents’ and teachers’ smoking habits and tobacco usage in public places increased significantly (p<0.001, while the recognition rates of some cigarette brand names and logos significantly decreased, specifically with regards to Marlboro, Camel and Samsun (p<0.001. Conclusion: The Turkish anti-tobacco law has had a positive effect on primary school children in Edirne, and therefore could be a model for other countries.

  19. 76 FR 30751 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Turkish Taste at the Court...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-26

    ...Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Turkish Taste at the Court of Marie-Antoinette'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby...that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Turkish Taste at the Court of Marie- Antoinette,'' imported from...

  20. An Analysis of the Strenghts and Weaknesses of the Turkish Real Estate Market

    OpenAIRE

    Coskun, Yener

    2010-01-01

    Real estate is one of the foremost and traditional investments for Turkish household. In addition to this traditional demand, it has also observed that Turkish real estate market becomes one of the popular investment destination for foreign investors. 2003-2007 period would be accepted as the boom period for Turkish economy in general and real estate sector in specific. Although there are considerable opportunities in the market, both Turkish economy and real estate sector suffer ...

  1. Teaching Strategies and Class Practices of the Teachers who Teach Turkish as a Foreign Language (A Qualitative Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Gocer

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In the globalizing world, second language/foreign language has gained a great importance. The importance of the foreign language teaching has increased in our time in which knowing a foreign language has deviated from being a specialty and become a feature that everyone must have. For that purpose, teachers must know the characteristics of the learners very well and must enrich the learning environment with different techniques and materials in accordance with the environment facilities. Approach: In this study, it has been aimed to determine the language teaching strategies and class practices of the teachers who taught students of foreign origin in Turkey Turkish as a foreign language. To that end, interview and observation forms have been prepared. The content analysis of the data obtained with interview and observation forms has been conducted in the scope of qualitative research approach. Results: Teachers are not capable of giving an adequate language education due to such reasons as they did not receive a special education with the purpose of teaching Turkish as a foreign language and they preferred traditional methods instead of modern strategy and methods. Conclusions/Recommendations: In order to conduct language education in Turkey in accordance with the international norms, importance must be attached to the training of qualified language teachers, the significance of teaching Turkish as a foreign language must be discussed in academic environments and researches must be carried out.

  2. Evaluation the prevalence of permanent anterior crown fracture and its relevant between 7-14 years students in Tehran, year of 1375

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    Mahmodian J

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Anterior tooth crown fracture in children is something that each dentist will confront"nmany times during his professional career."nWe studied the prevalence of anterior teeth crown fractures between 7-14 years old students in"nTehran and some relevant factors like sex, age, the traumatized tooth, amount of overbite and"noverjet, upper lip coverage, jaw that had fractured tooth or teeth and place of fracture in fractured"ncrown."n1338 boys and 1184 girls were in this study. Tooth fracture was almost the same in boys and"n1184 girls with the prevalence of 8%. Fracture was mostly in enamel and average year of"nfracture was 10 years."nIncreased overjet and overbite had direct relation and indirect relation with fracture, also enough"nlip coverage showed less fracture.

  3. Blended Learning in Anatomy Education: A Study Investigating Medical Students' Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocak, Mehmet Akif; Topal, Arzu Deveci

    2015-01-01

    The present study examines levels of satisfaction and perceptions of the students taking the blended anatomy course in Turkish Higher Education System. 15 students selected from 213 medical students participated in the study. An interview form was designed to identify the views of the students about the present study. The interview results were…

  4. Longitudinal Analysis of Academic Burnout in Korean Middle School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Boyoung; Lee, Minyoung; Kim, Keunhwa; Choi, Hyunju; Lee, Sang Min

    2015-10-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the longitudinal relationships between the initial values and slopes of three dimensions of burnout syndrome (i.e. emotional exhaustion, cynicism and academic inefficacy). The study utilized four-wave longitudinal data from a total of 367 (81.6% response rate) middle school students in South Korea. Comprising a 6-month interval survey, the first survey was conducted in June 2010, the second in December 2010, the third in June 2011 and the fourth in December 2011. All participants were 13-year-olds at the first and second surveys, and 14-year-olds at the third and fourth surveys. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey was used for each survey to assess the level of academic burnout. The longitudinal data were analysed using latent growth modelling. The results of the study indicated that high initial values (intercept) for emotional exhaustion were associated with a higher rate of increase (slope) in cynicism and academic inefficacy. On the other hand, high initial values for cynicism and academic inefficacy were associated with a lower rate of increase in the other dimensions. This longitudinal study should promote understanding of burned-out students and contribute to the literature by informing the design of prevention programmes for academic burnout. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:24452964

  5. The impact of birth weight and maternal history on acne, hirsutism, and menstrual disorder symptoms in Turkish adolescent girls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    H?zl?, Deniz; Kö?ü?, Ayd?n; Kö?ü?, Nermin; Kamalak, Zeynep; Ak, Dilek; Turhan, Nilgün Ö

    2012-06-01

    The aim of the study was to determine the association between birthweight, maternal medical history and acne, hirsutism, and menstrual disorder symptoms in Turkish adolescent population. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to all volunteer female students at 15 secondary schools. The subjects' body mass index, birthweight, age at menarche, pattern of menstrual cycle, and presence of acne or hirsutism problems were recorded. Maternal obstetric parameters, menstrual cycle, presence of acne or hirsutism at present and at adolescent period were also asked. The impact of birthweight and maternal history on acne, hirsutism, and menstrual disorder symptoms was evaluated. The results of the study showed that after exclusion of subjects born prematurely, total of 1,309 students filled the questionnaires properly and included in the study. Of these students, 174 had low birthweight (LBW) (4,000 g). LBW students had higher incidence of menstrual disorder and acne problems (P = 0.032 and P = 0.011, respectively). Maternal acne and hirsutism problems were significantly often in LBW group. Multivariate analysis showed that LBW was a predictor of acne, hirsutism, and menstrual disorder at adolescent period (P = 0.001; P = 0.01, and 0.02, respectively). In addition, maternal menstrual disorder was also a predictor of menstrual disorder (P = 0.035). We concluded that LBW is a good predictor of acne, hirsutism, and menstrual disorder problems in Turkish adolescent population. PMID:22173824

  6. A study on Turkish adolescent's Internet use: possible predictors of Internet addiction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ak, Serife; Koruklu, Nermin; Y?lmaz, Yusuf

    2013-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the internet use of Turkish adolescents, with a (particular) focus on the risk of Internet addiction. A web-based questionnaire was completed by a total of 4,311 adolescents attending public high schools in grades 9-12, in a small-sized city in western Turkey. Ages ranged from 15 to 19 years, 54 percent were female and 46 percent male. The questionnaire included items on sociodemographic information, Internet usage, and a Turkish version of the Young's Internet Addiction Test. The data were analyzed in SPPS 15.0 program using the t test, the Mann-Whitney U test, correlation and hierarchic regression analysis. The findings show that, regardless of gender, Facebook ranked highest in the classification of students' purpose of Internet use; it was also found that females mainly used the Internet for communication, whereas males were more interested in playing online games and reading newspapers and magazines. The results of hierarchic regression analysis indicated that the significant predictors of the internet addiction were the presence of Internet access at home, gender, and family income levels. PMID:23253206

  7. Functions of Turkish complementary schools in the UK: Official vs. Insider discourses

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Çise, Çavu& #351; o& #287; lu.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Complementary schools in the United Kingdom (UK) are community organised schools with the general aim of teaching younger generations their 'native' languages and cultures. However, the aims and practices of these schools are predominantly dependent on changes in the social and political contexts bo [...] th in the host country (in this case the UK) as well as in the respective 'home' countries of these children. This study focuses on one such Turkish complementary school in London, aiming to describe and analyse the functions of these schools more broadly, by means of a variety of perspectives and using a social constructivist approach. Data collected from official documents, participant observations, as well as interviews with parents, teachers, students and organisers of the schools, were analysed, focusing on the emerging themes in relation to the functions and practices of the schools. The analysis revealed that the official discourses, which stress the issue of underachievement amongst young people from Turkish speaking backgrounds in the UK, differ strikingly from the participants' perceptions of the functions of the school, as well as the actual teaching and learning practices found there. This discrepancy is attributed to trends in current neo-liberal educational discourses and the discourses surrounding ethnically-oriented educational provisions in the UK.

  8. The validity and reliability study of Turkish version of the multiple intelligences developmental assessment scales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayten ?flazo?lu Saban

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to adapt Multiple Intelligences Developmental Assessment Scales (MIDAS to Turkish. After examining and confirming equivalency between English and Turkish versions the scale was administered to a sample (1466 participant including undergraduate, graduate students at the Cukurova University and adult in Adana, Turkey. In addition, test-retest reliability was assessed using a sample of undergraduate, graduate and adults in Adana,Turkey (N=100. In order to examine the validity and reliability properties of the scale, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, Cronbach Alpha correlation coefficients, corrected item-total correlations and t-tests between items’ means of upper 27%-lower 27% points were used. The final analysis accounted for 41.93 % of the variance under 93 items and 7 factors. The internal consistency coefficient (? = .87 was within ideal ranges. Also results of confirmatory factor analysis show that the model fitness indicator indexes meet the statistical standards [?2=16558.65 (sd=4164, p<.001, (?2/sd=3.98, NNFI= 0.95, NFI=0.93, CFI=0.95, IFI= 0.95, RMSEA=0.052, and SRMR= 0.062].

  9. When Consciousness Dawns: Confronting Homophobia with Turkish High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michell, Michael J.

    2009-01-01

    Turkey, like many Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cultures, is homosocial. Profoundly intimate, though nonsexual, relationships between members of the same gender predominate. In such cultures it is expected that male friends kiss one another on the cheek when greeting or saying goodbye, and it is common to see men walk arm-in-arm together, hold…

  10. LANGUAGE LEARNING IN SECOND LIFE: American and Turkish Students’ Experiences

    OpenAIRE

    Cem BALCIKANLI

    2012-01-01

    There have been several attempts to integrate Web 2.0 technologies including podcasts, weblogs, wikis, and virtual 3D communities into language education thus far. Second Life, a virtual 3D community, might create unique opportunities for language learners specifically in the following ways: As a source of authentic interaction with target language speakers, a venue for language classes, and an autonomous study opportunity for learners. In this context, this study reports Second Life experien...

  11. Turkish Elementary School Students' Perceptions of Local and Global Terrorism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aricak, Tolga; Bekci, Banu; Siyahhan, Sinem; Martinez, Rebecca

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: Historically, terrorism has occurred in various regions of the world and has been considered a local problem until the September, 11 terrorist attacks on the United States in 2001. After 9/11, terrorism has become a global concern. The definition of terrorism has changed from a violent act of a group of local people against their…

  12. Religious Instruction for Turkish Students of Muslim Faith in Bavaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahler, Gerhart

    1989-01-01

    Discusses difficulties of providing religious instruction for Muslim school children in the Federal Republic of Germany. Notes the lack of a united Islamic religious community that could assist in the development and implementation of such an instruction. Explains and analyzes the Bavarian Ministry of Education's guidelines concerning such…

  13. The effect of duration of exercise at the ventilation threshold on subjective appetite and short-term food intake in 9 to 14 year old boys and girls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pencharz Paul B

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The effect of exercise on subjective appetite and short-term food intake has received little investigation in children. Despite a lack of reported evaluation of short-duration activity programs, they are currently being implemented in schools as a means to benefit energy balance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of duration of exercise at the ventilation threshold (VeT on subjective appetite and short-term food intake in normal weight boys and girls aged 9 to 14 years. Methods On 4 separate mornings and in random order, boys (n = 14 and girls (n = 15 completed 2 rest or 2 exercise treatments for 15 (short-duration; SD or 45 min (long-duration; LD at their previously measured VeT, 2 h after a standardized breakfast. Subjective appetite was measured at regular intervals during the study sessions and food intake from a pizza meal was measured 30 min after rest or exercise. Results An increase in average appetite, desire to eat, and hunger (p Conclusion Neither SD nor LD exercise at the VeT increased short-term food intake and SD exercise attenuated increases in appetite. Thus, SD exercise programs in schools may be an effective strategy for maintaining healthier body weights in children.

  14. Short forms of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire for 11–14-year-old children (CPQ11–14: Development and initial evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Locker David

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Child Perceptions Questionnaire for children aged 11 to 14 years (CPQ11–14 is a 37-item measure of oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL encompassing four domains: oral symptoms, functional limitations, emotional and social well-being. To facilitate its use in clinical settings and population-based health surveys, it was shortened to 16 and 8 items. Item impact and stepwise regression methods were used to produce each version. This paper describes the developmental process, compares the discriminative properties of the resulting four short-forms and evaluates their precision relative to the original CPQ11–14. Methods The item impact method used data from the CPQ11–14 item reduction study to select the questions with the highest impact scores in each domain. The regression method, where the dependent variable was the overall CPQ11–14 score and the independent variables its individual questions, was applied to the data collected in the validity study for the CPQ11–14. The measurement properties (i.e. criterion validity, construct validity, internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability of all 4 short-forms were evaluated using the data from the validity and reliability studies for the CPQ11–14. Results All short forms detected substantial variability in children's OHRQoL. The mean scores on the two 16-item questionnaires were almost identical, while on the two 8-item questionnaires they differed by only one score point. The mean scores standardized to 0–100 were higher on the short forms than the original CPQ11–14 (p 11–14 scores (0.87–0.98; p Conclusion All short forms demonstrated excellent criterion validity and good construct validity. The reliability coefficients exceeded standards for group-level comparisons. However, these are preliminary findings based on the convenience sampling and further testing in replicated studies involving clinical and general samples of children in various settings is necessary to establish measurement sensitivity and discriminative properties of these questionnaires.

  15. Short forms of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire for 11–14-year-old children (CPQ11–14): Development and initial evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Locker David; Jokovic Aleksandra; Guyatt Gordan

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background The Child Perceptions Questionnaire for children aged 11 to 14 years (CPQ11–14) is a 37-item measure of oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) encompassing four domains: oral symptoms, functional limitations, emotional and social well-being. To facilitate its use in clinical settings and population-based health surveys, it was shortened to 16 and 8 items. Item impact and stepwise regression methods were used to produce each version. This paper describes the developme...

  16. Validity and reliability of Persian translation of the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ11-14 in 11?14 year-old children in Isfahan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parvin Khadem

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractIntroduction: Oral health includes healthy mouth and its healthy tissues, which allows for eating, speaking, and social encounters without active disease, discomfort, and dissatisfaction. In this research, validity and reliability of Persian translation of Quality of Life related to oral and dental health questionnaire was studied in children aged 11?l4 years in Isfahan. Materials and methods: In this descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study the subjects consisted of 128 children aged 11–14 randomly selected from schools in Isfahan. The children completed the Children Perception Questionnaire (CPQ, and then they were examined. DMFT, dmft, molar-incisor hypoplasia (MIH, traumatic dental injuries (TDI and malocclusion indexes were determined. To study the reliability of CPQ, 60 of these children completed the questionnaire again without dental intervention two weeks later. To understand the relation between the indexes, ANOVA and Spearman’s correlation coefficient were used. In addition, Cronbach’s alpha and interclass correlation coefficient (ICC were determined (?=0.05.Results: The average score of CPQ was 20.6 with a standard deviation of 16.60, with higher scores in females compared to males. Cronbach’s alpha and ICC were 0.92 and 0.82, respectively. CPQ had an insignificant correlation with DMFT, dmft, TDI, MIH and malocclusion (p value > 0.05. Conclusion: The Farsi version of the questionnaire is valid and reliable for use for Iranian children aged 11?14 and can be used as a useful tool to assess the effect of oral and dental disorders on quality of life.Key words: Dental Caries, Hypoplasia, Malocclusion, Quality of life.

  17. Tibial Tubercle Fracture in a 14-Year-Old Athlete with Bilateral Lower Pole Bipartite Patella and Osgood-Schlatter Disease

    OpenAIRE

    Pascarella, Fabio; Ziranu, Antonio; Maccauro, Giulio

    2015-01-01

    We present a case of tibial tubercle fracture in a young male athlete with both bilateral bipartite patella at the lower pole (Saupe type I) and Osgood-Schlatter disease. Open reduction and internal fixation were performed to restore the extensor mechanism of the knee.

  18. Tibial tubercle fracture in a 14-year-old athlete with bilateral lower pole bipartite patella and osgood-schlatter disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pascarella, Fabio; Ziranu, Antonio; Maccauro, Giulio

    2015-01-01

    We present a case of tibial tubercle fracture in a young male athlete with both bilateral bipartite patella at the lower pole (Saupe type I) and Osgood-Schlatter disease. Open reduction and internal fixation were performed to restore the extensor mechanism of the knee. PMID:25785215

  19. Prenatal exposure to lead and cognitive deficit in 7- and 14-year-old children in the presence of concomitant exposure to similar molar concentration of methylmercury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yorifuji, Takashi; Debes, Frodi

    2011-01-01

    Few studies have examined the effects of mixed metal exposures in humans. We have evaluated the effect of prenatal lead exposure in a Faroese birth cohort in the presence of similar molar-level exposure to methylmercury. A cohort of 1022 singleton births was assembled in the Faroe Islands during 1986-1987 from whom lead was measured in cord-blood. A total of 896 cohort subjects participated in a clinical examination at age 7 and 808 subjects in a second examination at age 14. We evaluated the association between cord-blood lead concentrations and cognitive deficits (attention/working memory, language, visuospatial, and memory) using multiple regression models. Overall, the lead concentration showed no clear pattern of association. However, in subjects with a low methylmercury exposure, after inclusion of statistical interaction terms, lead-associated adverse effects on cognitive functions were observed. In particular, higher cord-blood lead was associated with a lower digit span forward score on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) [beta=-1.70, 95% confidence interval (CI): -3.12 to -0.28] at age 7 and a lower digit span backward score on the WISC-R (beta=-2.73, 95%CI: -4.32 to -1.14) at age 14. Some interaction terms between lead and methylmercury suggested that the combined effect of the exposures was less than additive. The present study indicates that adverse effects of exposure may be overlooked if the effects of a co-pollutant are ignored. The present study supports the existence of adverse effects on cognitive functions at prenatal lead exposures corresponding to an average cord-blood concentration of 16?g/L.

  20. COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE RELATIVE FREQUENCY OF SLEEP DISORDERS IN MIGRAINE AND NON MIGRAINE IN 6- TO 14-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid YAGHINI

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveHeadaches are common during childhood. In addition, sleep disorders are common problems in children, too. Although it is commonly thought thatheadache and sleep problems are related, there is not enough evidence to confirm this relationship. Finding evident relations between these problemswould help practitioners a lot to make earlier diagnosis and plan treatment modalities for both problems as soon as possible. This study aimed to assess therelative frequency of sleep disorders in migraine and non migraine children.Material & MethodsIn a cross sectional study, 148 children were enrolled in migraine (60 and non migraine (88 groups. They were aged 6 to 14 years. Migraine group consistedof patients who had definite migraine according to IHS (International Headache Society criteria. Ten sleep problems (snoring, nightmares, sleep walking, sleeptalking, bedtime struggle, bruxism, sweating during sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness, insomnia in early or mid night and sleep apnea were comparedbetween 2 groups. Fisher exact and chi square tests were used for making comparisons.ResultsWe found relationships between night sleep and daytime headaches. Some of these relationships were easy to explain but for some others, finding complicatedexplanations are necessary.Our findings showed that bruxism, sleep walking, early and midnight insomnia was significantly higher in migraine children. There was a common etiology forheadache and sleep disorders. Also, parents and migraine children were well familiar with the effect of relaxation on decreasing migraine episodes .Theyprovided appropriate facilities for night sleep for this reason.Conclusionwe found relationships between night sleep and daytime headaches. Some of these relationships were easy to explain but for some others, finding complicatedexplanations are necessary.Keywords: migraine, sleep disorder, headache.

  1. Directly replaces of a minors and “exemplary” of a disability person: The patrimony of a persons with disability or minors 14 years old

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Fernanda Moretón Sanz

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This research study the law, the jurisprudence and the law literatury of aspects of replaces of a minors and “exemplary” of a disability persons. It is fact that used by the testator, have different impact about the patrimony of de minors and persons whit disability. In the substitution or replaces, the object will depend on the means the testator deciding on the disposal heritage. Specifically, despite certain resistance from legal thought and case-law, in the substitution of a minor and in exemplary replace, the substitute (parent or legal representative may dispose of all the of the person substituted (child under 14 years of age or legal incapacitated person. Therefore, both types of substitution affect to the persons substituted and the patrimony of them

  2. Evaluación de las competencias de estudio en los alumnos de 12-14 años / Evaluation of study competence in pupils between 12-14 years old

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luis, Sobrado Fernández; Ana I., Couce Santalla; Raquel, Rial Sánchez.

    Full Text Available Há três âmbitos principais no estudo das necessidades de orientação do aluno de Ensino Secundário Obrigatório (E.S.O.) que se referen: (i)desenvolvimento académico; (ii) de carácter pessoal e social; (iii) e da Carreira Profissional. Na área do Desenvolvimento Académico e de onde se integram os sabe [...] res e conhecimentos a aprender pelas crianças, as atitudes referentes ás aprendizajens eficentes nos Centros educativos e as destrezas do estudo efectivo, objecto do nosso trabalho. A pesquisa fixou-se numa amostra de 80 alunos entre os 12-16 anos num Instituto de Ensino Secundário na demarcação de Santiago de Compostela (Espanha). Feita a análise da informação obtida saõ diferentes as motivações que justificam a necessidade de uma melhoria nas habilidades para aprender e estudar que utilizam os alunos. Existen justificativas normativas, necessidades expostas pelas crianças e pelos professores, especialmente tutores, de natureza científica (relaçao com o rendimento académico) e de desenvolver novas estratégias tendo em conta os contributos da pesquisa psicopedagógica neste âmbito. Neste sentido pode ser de utilidade a implementação de um programa inovador de destrezas e estratégias de estudo apresentadas nesta comunicação. Abstract in spanish Existen tres ámbitos principales en el estudio de necesidades orientadoras del alumnado de la Educación Secundaria Obligatoria que se refieren al Desarrollo académico, al de carácter Personal y Social y al relativo a la Carrera Profesional. En el área del Desarrollo Académico es donde se incardinan [...] los saberes y conocimientos a adquirir por los escolares, las actitudes hacia un aprendizaje eficiente en los Centros educativos y las habilidades de estudio eficaz, objeto este último de nuestro trabajo. La investigación se efectuó sobre una muestra de 80 escolares comprendidos entre 12-16 años, en un Instituto de Educación Secundaria de la comarca de Santiago de Compostela (España). Realizado el análisis de la información obtenida son diversas las motivaciones que justifican la necesidad de mejorar las habilidades para aprender y estudiar que utilizan los alumnos. Existen argumentos normativos, necesidades expuestas por los alumnos y por los profesores, especialmente tutores, de naturaleza científica (conexión con el rendimiento académico) y de desenvolver nuevas estrategias teniendo en cuenta las aportaciones de la investigación psicopedagógica en este campo. En este sentido puede ser de interés la aplicación de un programa innovador de habilidades y estrategias de estudio contemplado en la comunicación. Abstract in english There are three main study areas of guidance needs for pupils in Compulsory Secondary Education (CSE) which are academic development, personal and social development and the area of professional career. The area of academic development is where the knowledge to be acquired by the pupils, attitudes t [...] owards efficient learning in schools and the skills of efficient study are inculcated, the latter being the objective of our study. The research was taken from a sample of 80 school children between twelve and sixteen years old in a Secondary School in Santiago of Compostela ( Spain ). After analysing the results obtained we can see several motivations that justify the need to improve learning and study skills used by pupils. Normative arguments exist, needs that are exhibited by pupils and by teachers, especially tutors, of a scientific nature (connection with academic work) and to develop new strategies taking into account the contributions to the pedagogic research in this field. In this sense the application of an innovative programme of skills and study strategies in communication could be of interest.

  3. Promoting emotional literacy, equity and interest in science lessons for 11-14 year olds; the 'Improving Science and Emotional Development' project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Brian

    2004-03-01

    One hundred and sixty-five Year 7 (11-12 years old) pupils in co-educational schools in England participated in a study investigating the effects of mixed gender working on attitudinal and social measures. Eighty-two children working in mixed-gender groups and 83 control children working mainly in single-gender groups were tested on a variety of measures. Attitudes to science, social cohesion, self-reported individual learning, group learning, conflict resolution, and social facilitation, were recorded and analysed. In addition, pre-test and posttest evaluations were carried out and measures were related to test outcomes. The findings from the study indicated a positive effect of working in mixed groups: they were more likely than the control groups to like science lessons and consider taking it up as a subject in the future. Social measures indicated: (1) a better understanding of opposite-gender classmates, (2) a greater enjoyment of the collaborative nature of science, and (3) increased tendencies to offer academic support to peers. It is thus proposed that the integration of emotional learning within science lessons will facilitate boys' and girls' social development as well as increasing the likelihood of them being interested in science. These findings give support for the integration of emotional literacy with learning concepts in the science classroom and for co-educational schools.

  4. Concept Formation in Environmental Education: 14-Year Olds' Work on the Intensified Greenhouse Effect and the Depletion of the Ozone Layer. Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osterlind, Karolina

    2005-01-01

    A case study is presented describing the work of three pupils in the upper level of compulsory school. The pupils were learning about the intensified greenhouse effect and the depletion of the ozone layer. In their work, the need for certain domain-specific knowledge becomes apparent; for example, understanding such concepts as photosynthesis,…

  5. Medication use among children 0-14 years old: population baseline study / Uso de medicamentos entre crianças de 0-14 anos: estudo de base populacional

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria J.B., Cruz; Lays F.N., Dourado; Emerson C., Bodevan; Renata A., Andrade; Delba F., Santos.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência do consumo de medicamento em crianças e adolescentes de 20 municípios do Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais-Brasil, mostrando os principais grupos e variáveis que possam ter influenciado o uso. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo tipo inquérito populacional domicilia [...] r, amostra constituída por 555 entrevistas selecionadas de maneira aleatória simples por meio de amostragem por conglomerado de 137 setores censitários. Os critérios de inclusão foram idade ?14 anos, entrevista obrigatória com os responsáveis legais, independente de terem consumido medicamento. Quanto ao padrão de uso os participantes foram divididos em dois grupos consomem e não consomem medicamentos. Realizada análise descritiva das variáveis e aplicados testes de associação. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de consumo de medicamentos foi 56,57% e o não consumo 42,43%. O uso de plantas medicinais foi de 72,9% para o consumo de medicamento e 74,3% para o não consumo. As situações de saúde para o consumo foram tosse, resfriado comum, gripe, congestão nasal ou broncospasmo (49,7%); febre (5,4%); cefaléia (5,4%); diarréia, "má digestão" e cólica abdominal (6,7%). Na automedicação, 30,57% dos medicamentos foram indicados pela mãe, e 69,42% de prescrições médicas. Destaca-se na automedicação o uso de paracetamol (30,2%), dipirona (20,8%) e antigripais (18,8%). E um maior uso de analgésicos/antipiréticos, seguido do aparelho respiratório, antibióticos sistêmicos, antagonistas H1 da histamina e vitaminas/antianêmicos. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência do consumo de medicamentos na população infantil foi alta, indicando a necessidade de formulação de programas educativos visando principalmente à conscientização dos cuidadores sobre o uso racional. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of medication use in children and adolescents in 20 municipalities of Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais-Brazil, showing the main groups and variables that may have influenced use. METHODS: Descriptive population-based survey sample of 555 interviews, selec [...] ted by simple random cluster sampling of 137 census tracts. Inclusion criteria were age ? 14 years, mandatory interview with the legal guardians, and regardless of having received medications. Regarding the usage pattern, participants were divided into two groups: consumption and non-consumption of drugs. A descriptive analysis of the variables and tests of association were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of drug consumption was 56.57%, and 42.43% showed no consumption. The use of medicinal plants was 72.9% for drug users and 74.3% for non-users. The health conditions for consumption were cough, common cold, flu, nasal congestion or bronchospasm (49.7%), fever (5.4%), headache (5.4%), diarrhea, indigestion, and abdominal colic (6.7%). In cases of self-medication, 30.57% of the drugs were given by the mother, and 69.42% were prescription drugs. Self-medication was prevalent using paracetamol (30.2%), dipyrone (20.8%), and cold medicine (18.8%). There was increased use of analgesics/antipyretics, followed by respiratory medications, systemic antibiotics, histamine H1 antagonists, and vitamins/antianemics. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of drugs use in children was high, indicating the need for formulating educational programs aiming at the awareness of caregivers regarding rational use.

  6. Milk-based traditional Turkish desserts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tulay Ozcan

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Traditional foods are the reflection of cultural inheritance and affect the lifestyle habits. Culture can be viewed as a system of socially transmitted patterns of behaviour that characterises a particular group. Despite the fact of globalisation, these are key elements to accurately estimate a population’s dietary patterns and how these have been shaped through time. In Turkey, a meal with family or friends traditionally ends with a dessert, which is a testimony to the hosts’ hospitality or to the housewife’s love and affection for her husband and children, since sweets and desserts are important elements of Turkish cuisine. However, the consciousnesses of nutrition and healthy eating, due to rapid change in popular life style and dietary patterns, has contributed to the increased interest in traditional foods with potential health benefits, with increased uncertainty for dessert consumption. Dairy desserts are extensively consumed due to their nutritive and sensoric characteristics. Some of traditional dairy desserts are Mustafakemalpasa, Gullac, Kazandibi, Hosmerim and Tavukgogsu, which are mainly made from milk or fresh cheese, and the current paper discusses their manufacturing processes and composition.

  7. Can Secularism Hinder Democracy? The Turkish Experiment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begüm Burak

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The concept of democracy that has gained importance since the end of the Second World War and the relation between state and religion in Turkey have attracted a considerable degree of interest in various academic circles. It is known that in democratic systems, equality before the law and equality of opportunities for all individuals are regarded as integral elements. In this context, although it may be argued that many states that have a secular system are actually democratic in terms of their non-intervention in the religious choices of its citizens, it is also known that there is another interpretation of secularism in which the state exercises control over religion. The Turkish case represents a unique example in the study of the relationship between secularism and democracy with regard to the dominant role of the state in religious affairs. This study will attempt to analyze the negative impact of the state’s interpretation of secularism on democracy in Turkey.

  8. Low back pain and lumbar angles in Turkish coal miners

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarikaya, S.; Ozdolap, S.; Gumustas, S.; Koc, U. [Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak (Turkey). Faculty of Medicine

    2007-02-15

    This study was designed to assess the incidence of low back pain among Turkish coal miners and to investigate the relationship between angles of the lumbar spine and low back pain in coal miners. Fifty underground workers (Group I) and 38 age-matched surface workers (Group II) were included in the study. All the subjects were asked about low back pain in the past 5 years. The prevalence of low back pain was higher in Group I than in Group II (78.0%, 32.4%, respectively, P {lt} 0.001). The results of the study showed that low back pain occurred in 78.0% of Turkish coal miners. Although the nature of the occupation may have influenced coal miners' lumbar spinal curvature, lumbar angles are not a determinant for low back pain in this population. Further extensive studies involving ergonomic measurements are needed to validate our results for Turkish coal mining industry.

  9. Georgian – Turkish Relations since the Breakdown of Soviet Union

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    Fatih Mehmet SAYIN

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes Georgian - Turkish relations since the collapse of the Soviet Union. Georgia managed to establish relations with Turkey only after gaining independence. Nowadays Georgia has very close relations with its Southern neighbor. Due to its strategic location, Georgia occupies a significant place in Turkish foreign policy. Georgia is a necessary bridge connecting Turkey with Azerbaijan and Central Asian States. Furthermore, Georgia has become a key transit route for Caspian energy resources. For Georgia Turkey is a window to Europe and the largest trade partner. The main goal of this article is to analyze various aspects of Turkish – Georgian relations and co-operation in different fields. There is outstanding cooperation between Turkey and Georgia in the fields such as energy, transport, economy, trade, defense, security etc.

  10. Prospective teachers’ views about the problems of Turkish educational system

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    Kür?ad Y?lmaz

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the research is to determine prospective teachers’ views about problems in the Turkish educational system. The research is a survey model study. The research group consists of 91 volunteer prospective teachers attending Faculty of Education, Dumlup?nar University. The participants are asked to define the most crucial five problems in the Turkish education system in writing and explain those issues in a justifiable way. Descriptive analysis technique is used for data analysis. According to the prospective teachers included in the study, the most crucial problems in the Turkish educational system are as follows respectively: Central examinations, crowded classrooms, rote learning, insufficient equipment and physical structures, quality of the currently employed teachers, unfair access to education, politics (ideological discrimination and favoritism, and appointment of teachers, private teaching institutions, finance and vocational training issues.

  11. Generating Context-Appropriate Word Orders in Turkish

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    Hoffman, B

    1994-01-01

    Turkish has considerably freer word order than English. The interpretations of different word orders in Turkish rely on information that describes how a sentence relates to its discourse context. To capture the syntactic features of a free word order language, I present an adaptation of Combinatory Categorial Grammars called {}-CCGs (set-CCGs). In {}-CCGs, a verb's subcategorization requirements are relaxed so that it requires a set of arguments without specifying their linear order. I integrate a level of information structure, representing pragmatic functions such as topic and focus, with {}-CCGs to allow certain pragmatic distinctions in meaning to influence the word order of a sentence in a compositional way. Finally, I discuss how this strategy is used within an implemented generation system which produces Turkish sentences with context-appropriate word orders in a simple database query task.

  12. Turkish-Russian Relations During the Lausanne Conference With Archieve Documents

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    Mihail Serafimoviç Meyer

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article Russian Turcologist M. S. Meyer represents the beginning process of Turkish- Soviet Russian relations based on arshive documents. The facts that happened after two country recognised each other are explained in this article. The dialogues beginning after sending missions, gets up to such level that some Turkish senators introducing their thoughts about the acceptance of the communist regime. In the article M. S. Meyer is analysing Turkish and Soviet rapproshment, mutual solidarity and the progress of relationship between two counries. According to Russian historians the Turkish governments attitudes to the Soviet Russia has changed during The Lausanne Conference. Frendly relations goes down after negative attitudes of Russian official of Cheka to Turkish consulate employee and after negative propagandas of some turkish politicians against the Soviet Russia. Relations between two countries thoroughly change direction after Turkish government got closer to western countries. Soviet Russian politicians have also a great effect on this result.

  13. HE ROLE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF FILMS IN THE TURKISH TEACHING AS FOREIGN LANGUAGE YABANCI D?L OLARAK TÜRKÇE Ö?RET?M?NDE F?LMLER?N YER? VE ÖNEM?

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    Adem ??CAN

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The film as an audio-visual art, it truly reflects the society's cultural, aesthetic images by shape to express certain thoughts and feelings, reflecting the national spirit. Film is a mirror to reflect real life, popular culture and the art. The usage Turkish movies in Turkish teaching as foreign language, students will easily to improve their Turkish oral communication, Turkish speaking skills and listening skills. The paper deal with the use of films in foreign language teaching and Turkish teaching as foreign language and depending on these, makes some of recommendations Film, i?itsel-görsel bir sanat olarak -millî ruhu yans?tan dü?ünce ve duygularla ?ekillenen-toplumun kültürel ve estetik imgelerini gerçekçi bir ?ekilde yans?t?r. Film, gerçek ya?am?, popüler kültürü ve sanat? yans?tan bir aynad?r. Yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?retiminde Türk filmlerinin kullan?lmas?, ö?rencilerin kolayl?kla Türkçe sözlü ileti?imlerini, konu?ma ve dinleme becerilerini geli?tirecektir. Makalede, yabanc? dil ö?retimi ve yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?retiminde filmlerin kullan?lmas? ele al?nm?? ve buna ba?l? olarak baz? önerilerde bulunulmu?tur. .

  14. Historical approach to Turkish folk and classical music

    OpenAIRE

    Fatma Adile Baser

    2006-01-01

    Turkish Classical Music, especially with the success at the Ottoman period, is a music of a civilization. It became a common language in all geographies and people that Turks made contacts with in various ways. Turkish civilization does not deny what she learned from Persians and Arabs, but she managed to use them to improve herself and developing better by adding the information to herself. This shows her power of creating civilization. One of the main signs of this three-continent-spread cu...

  15. Turkish Local e-Governments: a Longitudinal Study

    OpenAIRE

    Aykut, Arslan

    2007-01-01

    This article is based on a longitudinal exploratory study of the Turkish local e-governments between September 2005 and December 2006. 3,228 Turkish local governments constitute the sampling framework of this paper. The first part of the study, which took place in 2005, indicated that only 969 authorities were online. But the second part, issued at the end of 2006, showed that 1,591 units were online. The purpose of the second study was to explore the degree of change and how this...

  16. THE TRANSLATING PROBLEMS OF CONTEMPORARY TURKISH DIALECTS (BETWEEN THE NEW UYGUR TURKISH DIALECT AND TURKEY TURKISH DIALECT ÇA?DA? TÜRK ??VELER? ARASINDA AKTARMA MESELELER? (YEN? UYGUR TÜRKÇES? – TÜRK?YE TÜRKÇES? ÖRNE??

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    Dr. M. Fatih ALKAYI?

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The translating of the books, writing with Contemporary Turkish Dialects, requires some attentions about the suffixes, words, concepts and centences to get an impressive form. By this way counfusions of meaning, between the Turkish Dialects, can be prevented.The New Uygur Turkish Dialect, thought as an Eastern Turkish Dialect at the classification of Turkish Language, is nearer to the characteristics of Old Turkish Language according to the Turkey Turkish Dialect, thought as a western Turkish Dialects. We can get a classification of translating problems, between the New Uygur Language and Turkey Turkish Language, in those titles: Verb moods, participles, gerundiums.With the solving of the problems between Contemporary Turkish Dialects, Turkish world will understand each other well, and also will be nearer. Ça?da? Türk ?iveleriyle yaz?lm?? eserleri bir ?iveden ba?ka bir ?iveye aktar?rken dikkat edilmesi gereken hususlar?n ba??nda “ek, kelime, kavram ve cümleleri” ayn? etkiyi yaratacak biçimde çevirmek gelmektedir. Bu sayede anlam veya ?ekil bulan?kl??? ortadan kalkar.Türk ?ivelerinin tasnifinde Do?u Türkçesinin bir kolu olarak kabul edilen Yeni Uygur Türkçesi, Bat? Türkçesi içerisinde yer alan Türkiye Türkçesine oranla Eski Türkçenin ?ekil özelliklerine daha yak?nd?r. Yeni Uygur Türkçesi ile Türkiye Türkçesi aras?ndaki aktarma meselelerini ?u konular üzerinde ele alabiliriz: Fiil kipleri, s?fat-fiiller, zarf-fiiller. Ça?da? Türk ?iveleri aras?ndaki aktarma meselelerinin çözümüyle Türk Dünyas? birbirini daha iyi anlayacak ve birbirine daha çok yak?nla?acakt?r.

  17. Critical thinking levels of senior students at education faculties and their views on obstacles to critical thinking

    OpenAIRE

    Aycan Çiçek Sa?lam; Elif Büyükuysal

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to determine the critical thinking levels of senior students at Primary School Teacher and Turkish Language Teacher Education Departments and to explore their views on the obstacles to critical thinking. The research uses both the quantitative and the qualitative approach. First, for data-gathering purposes, the sample group, consisting of 139 senior students from the Bülent Ecevit University, Educational Faculty, Turkish Language Teacher Education Departmen...

  18. HORROR IN TURKISH CINEMA: A REVIEW RELIGIOUS MOTIFS AND VISSUAL AFFECTS IN TURKISH HORROR MOVIE AFTER 2000

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    Esra TÜRKEL

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Since the invetion of the cinematograph cinema enter the human life. Cinema has been seen as a entertainment. Cinema presented in a harmony of visual and sound effects and it attracted people. After the industrialization the genre niton come out in the cinema. The genre of horror is the most coveted in the cinema. The horror cinema not affected by the economic crisis and cheaper. Turkey experiments horror cinema too. In the 1970’s Turkish horror films was a copy of western ones in visualy and subject. However, we see Turkish Horror film’s own tales in 2000’s. But these films were lack of visual and tales were similar as western ones. In this context, we examined Turkish horror cinema with examples of showing horror flicks and created issues which increased after 2000’s.

  19. SELF EFFICACY PERCEPTIONS OF TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATE TÜRKÇE Ö?RETMEN? ADAYLARININ Ö?RETMENL?K MESLE??NE DÖNÜK ÖZ YETERL?K ALGILARI

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    Hasan BA?CI

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the study is to investigate Turkish teacher candidates’ self-efficacy levels according to their gender, kind of education, graduated type of high school and academic achievement. In the study data was collected by “Turkish Teacher Candidates’ Self Efficacy Perception Scale” developed by the researchers. The scale consisting of five sub-factors is five-item Likert-type scale. 351 Turkish teacher candidates whose 179 female and 172 male attended to the study. The participants of the study consisted of 4th grade students enrolled in Turkish Teaching Departments of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Inönü University, Ondokuz May?s University, Sakarya University, Gaziantep University, Dokuz Eylül University and Gazi University Faculties of Education. Data was analysed by using SPSS 15.0 package program. The results of the study indicated that, Turkish teachercandidates’ self-efficacy levels is “good”. Turkish teacher candidates' self-efficacy scores did not show any changes according to their gender, kind of education, graduated type of high school. But it was observed that according to academic achievement Turkish teacher candidates’ self-efficacy scores there was significant relationship. Bu ara?t?rman?n temel amac? Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n öz yeterlik alg?lar?n?n cinsiyete, ö?retim türüne, mezun olunan lise türüne ve akademik ba?ar? durumlar?na göre incelenmesidir. Çal??madaki veriler, ara?t?rmac?lar taraf?ndan geli?tirilen “Türkçe Ö?retmeni Adaylar?n?n Öz Yeterlik Alg?s? Ölçe?i” arac?l???yla toplanm??t?r. Be? alt faktörden olu?an ölçek, be?li likert tipi bir ölçme arac?d?r.Ara?t?rmaya 179’u k?z, 172’si erkekten olu?an 351 Türkçe ö?retmeni aday? kat?lm??t?r. Kat?l?mc?lar Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi, ?nönü Üniversitesi, Ondokuz May?s Üniversitesi, Sakarya Üniversitesi, Gaziantep Üniversitesi, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi ve Gazi Üniversitesi e?itim fakültelerinin Türkçe ö?retmenli?i program? son s?n?f ö?rencileridir. Veriler, SPSS 15.0 istatistik paket program?ndan yararlan?larak analiz edilmi?tir. Ara?t?rman?n sonuçlar?na göre Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n öz yeterlik alg?lar? “iyi” düzeydedir. Adaylar?n öz yeterlik alg?lar? cinsiyet, ö?renim türü ve mezun olunan lise türü bak?m?ndan farkl?l?k göstermezken adaylar?n akademik ba?ar? durumlar?na göre anlaml? farkl?l?k göstermektedir.

  20. Parental control mechanisms and their reflection on identity styles of Turkish adolescents

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    Hacer Nermin Çelen

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Research has shown that authoritarian parents limit their children's freedom of expression and monitor their children's behavior according to their rules. Children of authoritative families tend to have high self-esteem and refer to internalized norms. Parenting is a cultural product. In this study the model presented is limited in the sense that it does not consider the cultural diversity. We must evaluate the identity not only with perceived parenting style but also within the socio-cultural context. The present study explored the relationships between identity styles and perceived parenting control patterns in late adolescents. Responses of 402 Turkish university students to the Berzonsky's Identity Style Inventory were factor-analyzed, and patterns of correlations between four identity statuses, Steinberg's Authoritative Parenting Scale, and Ka?itçiba?1's Authoritarianism Scale and parental education were examined. The findings are discussed in relation to ways of incorporating the cultural context into the study of identity development.