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Sample records for turkish 14-year-old students

  1. Disk degeneration in 14 year old children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports low back symptoms of 1,500 school children (14 years old) evaluated with a questionnaire and with a standardized clinical examination. Forty children who complained of recurrent and/or persistent low back pain and 40 matching symptomless controls were randomly chosen to undergo MR imaging of the lumbar spine. Premature disk degeneration was seen in 25.5% of asymptomatic children and in 40% of those with low back pain. The difference was statistically not significant. Disk degeneration is a surprisingly frequent MR finding in symptomless children. Premature disk degeneration may be the cause of low back pain in some children but is not always symptomatic in childhood

  2. Body adiposity and daily TV viewing in 11 to 14-year-old students at two schools in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil

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    Adair da Silva Lopes

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to analyze body adiposity, daily TV viewing and prevalence of obesity, and to identify associations between TV viewing and relative body fat in boys and girls aged 11 to 14 years attending two municipal schools in Campo Grande - Mato Grosso, Brazil. One school is located in the central region of the city and the other on the periphery. The sample, 109 boys and 116 girls, a total of 225 students, was made up of students from the municipal schools “Danda Nunes” and “Nazira Anache”. The following variables were recorded: weight (mc, height (est, triceps (tr, subscapular (se skinfolds and hours per day watching TV. It was concluded that relative body fat fi gures for the sample studied were not statistically different (p>0.05 for sex between the students of the central and peripheral schools. A prevalence of 25.86% of obesity was detected among the girls and 11.93% among the boys, confi rming published literature on the tendency of a larger accumulation of body fat among girls, mainly during and after the puberty. In this study it was not possible, with the sample used, to demonstrate an association between hours spent watching TV and relative body fat. It was observed that 60% of the girls and boys watch more than 3 hours of television a day, demonstrating the extended period that the children and adolescents remain physically inactive in front of the television. RESUMO Os objetivos deste estudo foram analisar a adiposidade corpórea e o tempo diário de assistência à TV; detectar a prevalência de obesidade; e associações entre tempo de assistência à TV e gordura corporal relativa em meninos e meninas, de 11 a 14 anos de idade, matriculados em duas escolas municipais de Campo Grande – MS, sendo uma localizada na região central da cidade e a outra na periferia. A amostra foi constituída pelos 225 alunos (109 do gênero masculino e 116 do gênero feminino das 5as e 6as séries das escolas Municipais Danda Nunes (central e Nazira Anache (periferia que estavam matriculados e presentes no dia da coleta dos dados. Foram mensuradas as variáveis: massa corporal (MC, estatura (EST , dobras cutâneas tricipital (TR e subescapular (SE, além da aplicação de um questionário com informações sobre o tempo de assistência à TV. Os resultados permitiram concluir que os valores da gordura corporal relativa, não diferiram estatisticamente (p>0,05 entre os escolares da escola central e da periferia em nenhum dos gênero. Foi detectada uma prevalência de 25,86% de obesidade no gênero feminino e 11,93% no masculino, confi rmando a tendência apresentada na literatura de um aumento crescente da obesidade em crianças e adolescentes e um maior acúmulo de gordura corporal no gênero feminino, principalmente durante e após a puberdade. Na presente pesquisa não se encontrou associações signifi cativas entre as variáveis horas de assistência a TV e gordura corporal relativa em nenhuma das escolas e em nenhum dos gêneros. Observou-se que 60 % dos escolares avaliados assistem mais de 3 horas de televisão por dia, demonstrando o longo período de tempo que as crianças e adolescentes têm permanecido em inatividade física, em frente ao aparelho de televisão.

  3. Evaluation of relationship between orthodontic treatment need according Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI and student's perception in 11-14 year old students in the city of Shiraz in 2012

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    Shahla Momeni Danaee

    2015-05-01

    Conclusion: The results revealed a significant relationship between the students' perception of need for treatment and professional assessment of need for orthodontic treatment based on DAI index (P = 0.002. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(5.000: 1056-1060

  4. Relapsing autoimmune pancreatitis in a 14-year-old girl.

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    Takase, Masato; Imai, Takehide; Nozaki, Fumiko

    2010-02-01

    We present a case of acute pancreatitis in a 14-year-old girl which fulfilled the diagnostic criteria of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) and responded to corticosteroid therapy. Imaging studies revealed that the main pancreatic duct was narrow in the head of the pancreas but had been dilated in the body at an earlier stage. The pancreatitis recurred twice when the prednisolone dose was reduced to 10 mg or less but responded each time to an increased dose and has been kept under control with low-dose prednisolone therapy for 3 years since onset. Repeated magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography during steroid therapy revealed an improvement of the narrowing of the main pancreatic duct in the head and dilation of the duct in the body. AIP in younger patients has distinct clinical features, such as presentation with epigastralgia, back pain without jaundice, and elevated serum amylase levels. The serum level of IgG4 is rarely increased in young patients, indicating a different disease mechanism than for cases in elderly patients. Given the excellent response of this condition to steroid therapy, AIP should be considered even in young children and adolescents when the diagnosis of idiopathic pancreatitis is suggested. PMID:20154455

  5. CONTEMPORARY ISSUES OF TURKISH ACCORDING TO TURKISH STUDENT TEACHERS

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    Ali GÖÇER

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research, is assessment of student teachers’ the views on contemporary issues in Turkish. In this study, interviewing method within the framework of qualitative research was used. Research was carried out working group consisting of 72 Turkish student teachers in Faculty of Education Erciyes University. The working group was created having a specified goal and cluster sampling method. Descriptive statistical method was used the data analysis about Personal information of student teachers. The data obtained from the interviewing forms were analyzed through content analysis. The results of this study, According to Turkish student teachers the most important problems as the first three mentioned: “sloppy and incorrect use of Turkish language, (39 %”, “the use of foreign words/foreign language passion or affectation (29 %” and “teacher factor, the problems of teacher training programs, Turkish learning and teaching insufficiency (14%”.

  6. Recent trends in stature of 14-year-old boys from Wroc?aw, Poland

    OpenAIRE

    Ko?odziej, Halina; Kozie?, S?awomir

    2002-01-01

    The im of this study was to investigate the educational grup-specific secular trends in stature of 14-year-old boys from Wroc?aw. The study was based on two cohorts of boys measured in 1987 and 1997. On the basis of mother and father education level divided into three categories, social sub-groups were selected. During the period 1987-97 the mean stature of 14-year-old boys has risen from 163.6 cm in 1987 to 165.6 cm in 1997. Growth trends were positive in all sub-groups selected on the basi...

  7. Adenomatoid odontogenic tumour in mandible in a 14-year-old boy.

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    Bhatt, Rohan; Dave, Jay; Nalawade, Triveni M; Mallikarjuna, Rachappa

    2013-01-01

    A 14-year-old boy reported with a painless swelling over the right anterior mandible with missing right canine tooth. The lesion was diagnosed as 'central follicular adenomatoid odontogenic tumour' and excised surgically under general anaesthesia. The patient was on a year-long clinical and radiographical follow-up. PMID:23839612

  8. RESPIRATORY PARAMETERS EFFICIENCY IN SPORTS RESULTS AMONG 14-YEAR OLD MALE AND FEMALE SWIMMERS

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    Dybinska Ewa

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to test fitness levels of chosen parameters in the respiratory system in comparison to sports results in a group of 100m medley 14-year old male and female swimmers. The main measurement method was based on immediate observation of the following variables: a The fitness level of particular parameters in the respiratory system, b The level of swimming fitness. Based on the detailed analysis of the chosen respiratory parameter levels among 14-year old male and female swimmers in relation to their sports result in 100m medley distance, the following general statements have been formulated: the average levels of the chosen respiratory parameters estimated, in most of the cases, above average, especially among female swimmers.

  9. School achievement in 14-year-old youths prenatally exposed to marijuana

    OpenAIRE

    Goldschmidt, Lidush; Richardson, Gale A.; Willford, Jennifer A.; Severtson, Stevan G.; Day, Nancy L.

    2011-01-01

    The relation between prenatal marijuana exposure (PME) and school achievement was evaluated in a sample of 524 14-year-olds. Women were recruited during pregnancy and assessed, along with their offspring, at multiple phases from infancy to early adulthood. The sample represents a low-income population. Half of the adolescents are male and 55% are African American. School achievement was assessed with the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT) Screener (Psychological Corporation, 1992). A...

  10. Prevalence of malocclusion in 14-year old Greek children using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI).

    OpenAIRE

    Hatzopoulos, P. G.

    1999-01-01

    The aim of this epidemiological investigation was to study malocclusion in the 14-year old population nationwide. The orthodontic index DAI was chosen as a measurement means. The DAI is proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO). The use of the DAI has the advantage of grading malocclusion, thus providing with the possibility of objectively assessing the priorities for orthodontic treatment care. The study included a random and representative sample of 4451 pupils (3% of the correspondin...

  11. Prevalence Of Psychiatric Morbidity Among 6 To 14 Years Old Children

    OpenAIRE

    Anita; Gaur D.R.; Vohra A. K; Subash S; Khurana Hitesh

    2003-01-01

    Research questions: What is the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among 6 to 14 years old children? Objectives: 1. To study the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in children of 6-14 years of age in rural and urban areas. 2. To study the pattern of psychiatric disorders and associated socio-demographic variables. Study design: Cross-sectional. Setting and Participants: 400 children each from urban and rural field practice areas under the department of Social and Preventive Medicine, PGIMS,...

  12. [Osteoblastoma of the dens axis in a 14-year-old boy. A case report].

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    Daszkiewicz, Pawe?; Roszkowski, Marcin; Barszcz, S?awomir; Kuczy?ski, Dariusz; Grajkowska, Wies?awa

    2005-01-01

    We present a case of osteoblastoma of C1 in a 14-year-old boy. The case deserves attention because it is a conglomerate of issues important from the point of view of clinical practice. Key issues associated with this interdisciplinary pathology are discussed, such as diagnostic problems, stabilisation of the cervical spine and extensive surgery associated with the risk of severe bleeding in a Jehovah Witness. A short review of pertinent literature is included. PMID:16273469

  13. Invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Breast cancer is rare in children and adolescents. In particular, there are very few cases of invasive ductal carcinoma in childhood. We report a case of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl presenting as a palpable mass. While the tumor demonstrated a relatively benign appearance on ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging revealed typical malignant features. Several polymorphisms of single nucleotide variation were observed on gene analysis. The patient underwent breast conserving surgery and received subsequent concurrent chemo-radiation therapy. An awareness that ductal carcinoma of the breast rarely occurs in children is important to detect early stage breast cancer. (orig.)

  14. Invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Joo Yeon; Kim, Yun Ju; Kim, Sung Hun; Kang, Bong Joo [Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Song, Byung Joo [The Catholic University of Korea, Department of General Surgery, Seoul St. Mary' s Hospital, College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-11-15

    Breast cancer is rare in children and adolescents. In particular, there are very few cases of invasive ductal carcinoma in childhood. We report a case of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl presenting as a palpable mass. While the tumor demonstrated a relatively benign appearance on ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging revealed typical malignant features. Several polymorphisms of single nucleotide variation were observed on gene analysis. The patient underwent breast conserving surgery and received subsequent concurrent chemo-radiation therapy. An awareness that ductal carcinoma of the breast rarely occurs in children is important to detect early stage breast cancer. (orig.)

  15. A 14-year old girl with reversible hypoglycemic episodes: the role of ASVS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Alisha; Thornton, Paul S; Galliani, Carlos A; Miller, James P; Dykes, Jennifer; Leung-Pineda, Van

    2015-01-01

    We present the case of a 14-year-old female who experienced several episodes of reversible altered mental status triggered by hypoglycemia. Following endocrine investigation, she was diagnosed with insulinoma. Insulinoma, a rare, differentiated, and functioning neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas overproduces insulin, thus leading to hypoglycemic episodes. Conventional imaging failed to detect the lesion; therefore, arterial calcium stimulation with venous sampling (ASVS) was used for preoperative localization. The patient recovered without complications after surgical enucleation of the tumor. The ASVS is a useful method for localizing insulinomas when conventional imaging techniques fail, and can help reduce morbidities associated with surgical excision. PMID:25437309

  16. Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students

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    Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

  17. Frontal bone tuberculosis presenting with blindness in a 14-year-old girl: a case report

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    Shameem Mohammad

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The occurrence of tuberculosis in the flat bones of the skull is very rare. Only eight cases of tuberculosis of the frontal bone have been reported in the literature. Case presentation A 14-year-old girl of Asian ethnicity presented with gradual loss of vision. A computed tomography scan of her head showed a diffuse, homogeneously ill-defined hyperdense lesion of size 2.9 × 5.3 cm (anteroposterior × thickness involving the right orbit. Biopsy of the lesion confirmed the presence of epithelioid cells and Langerhans giant cells with caseous material. After surgical debridement with antitubercular treatment, the patient had an uneventful recovery. Conclusion Although rare, tuberculosis can affect the flat bones of the skull. Tuberculosis of the frontal bone can be included in the differential diagnosis of blindness.

  18. Oral submucous fibrosis: a premalignant condition in a 14-year-old Indian girl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deshpande, Anshula; Kiran, Shital; Dhillon, Steffi; Mallikarjuna, Rachappa

    2013-01-01

    A 14-year-old Indian girl presented with difficulty in mouth opening and burning sensation while eating. On examination, blanching of the oral mucosa with diffuse white pigmented lesion of size 3.5 to 2 cm along with melanotic pigmentation was seen on the left buccal mucosa posteriorly. The patient was diagnosed with oral submucous fibrosis. A comprehensive treatment plan was made based on conservative management that included motivation and intense counselling of the patient and her parents so that she quits the habit of chewing areca nut and tobacco, along with systemic treatment of vitamin B complex supplements, antioxidants, multivitamins and oral physiotherapy. We present this case to highlight the difficulties faced by the clinical practitioners in providing treatment because of the taboos and myths associated with surgical treatment modality in rural population as well as to emphasise the menace of increasing consumption and availability of tobacco and areca nut to children. PMID:24334472

  19. Bilateral Epididymal Cyst in 14 year-old Boy: a case report

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    Yi?it Akin

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Bilateral epididymal cysts are rare in childhood. Clinically they may present as acute scrotum and should be differentiated from other pathologies. Here in, we report bilateral epididymal cysts in a 14-year-old boy. He was admitted to emergency department with symptoms of acute left scrotum. There was no history of trauma or infection. Blood analyses, including testis tumor markers were unremarkable. Bilateral epididymal cysts were diagnosed on ultrasonography evaluation. Medical treatment did not stop his scrotal pain. During scrotal exploration, there was no evidence of testicular torsion or any other pathology. An excision of cyst was performed. Histopathologically, the cyst wall was lined by columnar epithelia. As a result of these findings, a pathological diagnosis of epididymal cyst was made. The synchronized evaluation of clinical and ultrasonography findings with an appropriate histopathological evaluation can usually diagnose this rare pathology.

  20. Homesickness among American and Turkish College Students.

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    Carden, Ayse Ilgaz; Feicht, Ruth

    1991-01-01

    Cultural differences in homesickness were studied for 75 U.S. and 69 Turkish female first-year students attending a private U.S. liberal arts college for women in the southeast and a coeducational university in Istanbul, respectively. Some aspects of the experience of homesickness transcended cultural boundaries, but others were culture specific.…

  1. Study of weight, height, body mass index, energy and nutrients intake of 11-14 years old girls, Tehran

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    Sadeqipoor H

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available A descriptive, analytical cross-sectional syudy was conducted in 1996 on 350 female students 11-14 years old in the center of Tehran, Iran. The general objective was determining energy and nutrient intakes and weight, height and BMI (Body Mass Index of the girls, using anthropometric measurements, interviews (24-hour dietary recall and food consumption frequency, and the NCHS standards. The results were as follows: 1 Based on weight for age and the Z-score, 20% of the girls suffered from mild past and present malnutrition. 2 Based on height for age and BMI, 16.6%, 12.5%, and 1.3% suffered from mild past malnutrition, severe present malnutrition and overweight, respectively. 3 The height curves were normal, as compared to the respective standards. 4 The BMI curves were quite different from the respective standards. 5 On the whole, 53.7%, 49.7%, 86.0%, 59.0%, 67.7%, 76.5% and 88.0% of the girls had low intakes of energy, vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin B12, folic acid, calcium, and iron, respectively. 6 A positive linear correlation was observed between energy intake and height, vitamin A intake and weight, zinc intake and height, and carbohydrate intake and height.

  2. Bilateral myopic photorefractive keratectomy in a 14-year-old boy

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    Italo Giuffrè

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Refractive surgery has been performed for more than 10 years. Laser-assisted intrastromal keratomileusis (LASIK and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK may be used in accommodative esotropia either in adolescent or in adult patients. Some authors have shown that LASIK is safe, effective, and stable at 10 years follow-up post-surgery. Case report: A 14-year-old boy was admitted to our outpatient department on 08-01-2008. Together with his parents he asked for both eyes to be operated on by myopic PRK. On September 5th 2008 a myopic PRK was performed on his right eye and on September 12th 2008 on his left eye. A Bausch & Lomb Z172 excimer laser was used to perform a Planoscan procedure on both eyes. Uncorrected visual acuity was 1.0 after both procedures. The patient did not suffer pain, haze or glare in postoperative follow-up. Conclusion: Apart from the surgical technique, the author raises questions about the ethics of this procedure in a young boy.

  3. Clinical and morphological features of ovarian pure dysgerminoma: a report of a 14 years old girl

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    Pop-Trajkovi? Zoran

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Dysgerminoma is best known as the ovarian counterpart of seminoma of the testis Relatively uncommon tumors, dysgerminomas account for less than 2% of all ovarian cancer. We report a case of a 14 years old girl with a large and rapidly growing unilaleral ovarian dysgerminoma. Examination of the surgical specimen showed a tumor of 27x17x8 cm in size and 4800 gr. in weight. It was oval in shape with a slightly glistening fibrous capsule, soft but solid and hemorrhagic. The mass arose from the right ovary and did not invade any surrounding structures. The tumor and the ovary were torqued with its fallopian tube. Microscopic examination showed typical characteristics of ovarian dysgerminoma, with a micrometastasis in the omentum (in the vicinity of the tumor. The patient underwent a right salpingo-oophorectomy, had an uncomplicated postoperative course and received radio and chemotherapy Thirty months after the operation, the patient is in good health and with normal ultrasound and laboratory results. We believe that conservative surgery followed by adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy seems to be ideal treatment in case of pure ovarian dysgerminoma when careful surgical staging confirmed the unilaterality of disease.

  4. Relationship between sleep duration and dietary intake in 4- to 14-year-old Danish children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoppe, Camilla; Rothausen, Berit W; Biltoft-Jensen, Anja; Matthiessen, Jeppe; Groth, Margit V; Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Tetens, Inge

    2013-01-01

    A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present cross-sectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14-year-old children. No sex differences were found regarding age and sleep duration. Sleep duration was negatively correlated to age (? = -0·68; P trend towards a positive association with intake of dietary fibre (b = 0·006; P = 0·05) and vegetables (b = 0·011; P = 0·05), and a negative association with intake of poultry (b = -0·002; P = 0·02), and a trend towards a negative association with intake of liquid 'discretionary calories' (b = -0·01; P = 0·05). Furthermore, in a comparison of dietary intake between age-dependent tertiles of sleep duration, only intake of liquid 'discretionary calories' was significantly lower in long sleepers than in short and medium sleepers (P = 0·03). In conclusion, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake and the proposal that children with short sleep duration have less healthy eating habits than children with longer sleep duration was only weakly supported by the present findings. PMID:25191588

  5. Turkish Language Student Teachers' Use of Instructional Materials in Teaching Turkish

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    Yazici Okuyan, Hülya

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to identify which materials Turkish student teachers use in teaching practicum and the usage characteristics of these materials. This is a descriptive study using survey model. The participants of the study were 75 final year students, 35 females and 40 males, studying at the Turkish Language Teaching Department of…

  6. Atypical presentation of acute idiopathic megacolon in a 14-year-old patient

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    R. Pezzilli

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In clinical practice the term “megacolon” is used to indicate a marked dilatation of the cecum and the sigmoid colon (>12 and 6.5 cm, respectively (1. From a clinical standpoint, a megacolon can be classified as chronic or acute depending on its clinical presentation. Chronic megacolon typically refers to a congenital disorder in which the enteric nervous system (ENS supplying the colon does not develop properly, thereby leaving the distal segments of the viscus without myenteric and submucosal ganglia (i.e. Hirschsprung’s disease (2. Other cases of non-aganglionic chronic megacolon can be secondary to variety of conditions such as Chagas’ disease and neurodegenerative diseases (e.g. Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, leading to or associated with ENS abnormalities (3. The acute form of megacolon, also referred to as Ogilvie’s syndrome, is characterized by a predominant involvement of the cecum and right colon usually affecting elderly patients undergoing surgery (e.g. orthopedic procedures or taking medications altering gut motility (e.g. opioids or antidepressants (4. Some forms of acute megacolon, however, can be idiopathic in origin since no underlying etiology can be identified. Patients with acute idiopathic megacolon usually have a longstanding history of constipation, often accompanied by laxative abuse, and their clinical presentation is characterized by abdominal distension and severe pain with radiological evidence of stool impacted in the colon and rectum (1, 4. The case herein reported represents an unusual form of acute idiopathic megacolon characterized by massive descending and sigmoid colon distension complicated with a volvulus in a 14-year-old boy with no Hirschsprung’s disease. In addition, just to increase the peculiarity of this case report, the patient had an unremarkable clinical record, and never suffered from chronic constipation in the past.

  7. Dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in 4–14-year-old Danish children

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    Rothausen, Berit Worm; Matthiessen, Jeppe

    2013-01-01

    Little is known about dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in children, and the aim of the present study was to investigate 4–14-year-old children's dietary patterns specifically on weekdays (Monday–Thursday) and weekend days (Saturday–Sunday). Dietary data were derived from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003–8, where a total of 784 children aged 4–14 years completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns in the age groups 4–6, 7–10 and 11–14 years. Consistently, two dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, emerged on both weekdays and weekend days. Factor scores from corresponding dietary patterns were significantly correlated between weekdays and weekend days with the exception of the ‘health conscious’ pattern in the 7–10-year-olds. Within each age group, children with high agreement for the ‘processed’ pattern had a significantly higher dietary energy density, which was reflected insignificantly higher intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables, compared with children with high agreement for the ‘health conscious’ pattern (P < 0·05). Moreover, these variables indicated less healthy dietary intakes on weekend days than on weekdays for both patterns. In conclusion, two distinct dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, were identified on both weekdays and weekend days for each age group. While overall major dietary patterns may somewhat track between weekdays and weekends, the specific foods actually eaten became less healthy during weekends.

  8. Relationship between sleep duration and dietary intake in 4- to 14-year-old Danish children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoppe, Camilla; Rothausen, Berit Worm

    2013-01-01

    A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present crosssectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14-year-old children. No sex differences were found regarding age and sleep duration. Sleep duration was negatively correlated to age (? = –0·68; P < 0·001) and BMI (? = –0·41; P < 0·001). In multiple linear regression analyses, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake (b = –0·015; P = 0·20), but there was a trend towards a positive association with intake of dietary fibre (b = 0·006; P = 0·05) and vegetables (b = 0·011; P = 0·05), and a negative association with intake of poultry (b = –0·002; P = 0·02), and a trend towards a negative association with intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories’ (b = –0·01; P = 0·05). Furthermore, in a comparison of dietary intake between age-dependent tertiles of sleep duration, only intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories’ was significantly lower in long sleepers than in short and medium sleepers (P= 0·03). In conclusion, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake and the proposal that children with short sleep duration have less healthy eating habits than children with longer sleep duration was only weakly supported by the present findings.

  9. Exostosis subungueal en un adolescente de 14 años / Subungual exostosis in a 14 years old boy

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Margarita, Larralde; Paula, Boggio; María Eugenia, Abad; Betina, Pagotto; Andrea, Castillo.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available La exostosis subungueal es un tumor benigno de hueso trabecular rodeado por una cápsula fibrocartilaginosa; aparece principalmente en la falange distal del hallux, por debajo de la uña o adyacente a ella y se manifiesta clínicamente por alteración de la uña suprayacente o de los tejidos blandos peri [...] ungueales, respectivamente. Es infrecuente en la infancia y más común en el sexo femenino. La sospecha clínica se confirma por el hallazgo radiológico (placa de perfil) de una excrecencia de hueso trabecular que se proyecta desde la superficie dorsal de la falange distal del dedo afectado. El tratamiento de elección consiste en el legrado o remoción quirúrgica de la lesión. Presentamos un caso de exostosis subungueal localizada en el hallux en un varón de 14 años de edad, con la tríada característica de esta entidad: dolor digital, lesión subungueal con deformidad de la lámina ungueal y hallazgos radiográficos característicos. Abstract in english Subungual exostosis is a benign bony outgrowth surrounded by a fibrocartilaginous capsule that mainly affects hallux terminal phalanx with subungual or periungular localization, and that clinically determines variable degree of nail plate or periungular soft tissues alterations, respectively, It is [...] uncommon in childhood and more frequent in females. Clínical suspicion is confirmed by the radiographic finding of a distinct trabecular bone growth arising from the dorsal aspect of the phalanx of the affected finger, on the lateral incidence. Curettage or surgical excision is the treatment of choice. We report a case of subungual exostosis located at the hallux in a 14-year-old boy suffering from subungual exostosis of the hallux that presented the characteristic triad of this entity: subungular tumor with nail plate deformity, digital pain and radiologic typical findings.

  10. Relationship between Anthropometric Parameters with Menarche Age of School Girls (11-14 Years Old in Shahroud

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    Mehri Delvarian-Zadeh

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Though not impeding it, malnutrition during childhood delays the menarche age. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between anthropometric parameters with menarche age of adolescent (11-14- year old girls. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 418 middle school girls in Shahroud were randomly selected and studied. To demonstrate the participants, nutritional status, BMI was used for age, weight and stature, and then it was compared with NCHS standard. Results: It was revealed that the mean of BMI (body mass Index of menstruated girls was 19.8±3/1 and that of the non-menstruated participants was 17.6±3. The average menarche age turned to be 12.9±0.8. A significant relationship (P<0.0001 was found between age and incidence of menstruation. 47% of the participants experienced their menses in summer. The weight and height means of the menstruated participants were 48.7±8.5 kg and 156.9±6.7 cm respectively. A significant relationship (P=0.0001 was also found between weight, height, BMI and anthropometric parameters of the students, and their menstrual conditions. Statistical analysis also showed a significant relationship between menarche status and socioeconomic condition. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate a significant relationship between nutritional status and menarche age. Due to the importance of menarche age, its decline and creation of sexual desire, and noting the important effects of BMI and anthropometric parameters on menarche age, special attention should be paid to ideal weight, proper nutrition and sufficient physical activities in this high-risk group

  11. Lay Theories of Suicide in Turkish and American Students

    OpenAIRE

    Rheeda Walker; Faruk Gençöz; Sevginar Vatan; David Lester

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the lay theories of suicide held by Turkish and American respondents. Measures of attitudes toward suicide and of personality variables were administered to 330 Turkish undergraduates and 419 American undergraduates. Turkish students saw interpersonal factors as less important and societal factors as more important in causing suicide as compared to the American students, and they also reported more stigma toward attempted suicides. Personality correlat...

  12. Smoking Determinants in Turkish University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Unal Erkorkmaz; Serhat Celikel; Celikel, Feryal C.

    2009-01-01

    The aim was to explore the prevalence and the correlates of smoking in a group of Turkish university students. A sample of 1,870 students (21.2 ± 2.0 years old) completed the Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Smoking was highly prevalent (35.9%) in this sample. Male gender (OR = 2.72, CI 2.15-3.44), and parental smoking (OR = 1.41, CI 1.13-1.78) were factors associated with increased likelihood of smoking. Higher...

  13. Abnormal talk by a 14-year-old boy with hypersomnolence after a long-haul flight

    OpenAIRE

    Hurwitz, Brian; Richardson, Joshua

    2010-01-01

    This case alerts readers to the occurrence of grammatical, nonsensical speech in a 14-year-old boy, an alarming symptom. Speech of this sort may be caused by serious medical conditions such as cerebral irritation and acute confusional states, but in this case it was most probably part of a sleepwalking episode associated with jetlag. Abnormal speech during sleepwalking has been described, but it is not well characterised. This report of somniloquy offers some descriptive phenomenology for suc...

  14. Smoking Determinants in Turkish University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Unal Erkorkmaz

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim was to explore the prevalence and the correlates of smoking in a group of Turkish university students. A sample of 1,870 students (21.2 ± 2.0 years old completed the Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Smoking was highly prevalent (35.9% in this sample. Male gender (OR = 2.72, CI 2.15-3.44, and parental smoking (OR = 1.41, CI 1.13-1.78 were factors associated with increased likelihood of smoking. Higher depressive symptoms and hopelessness levels were significantly related to smoking behavior. Smoking behavior might initiate as a mild and transient habit and unfortunately could become more serious and lead to an actual dependence. The results of this study show that it is necessary to pay attention to levels of depression and hopelessness, as well as parental influence.

  15. A Rare Case of Solitary Epidural Brain Metastasis of Neuroepithelioma Tumor in A 14 Years Old Man

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Barikbin

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available By definition, a peripheral neuroepithelioma is a primary neuroectodermal tumor (PNET arising from peripheral, nonautonomic neural tissue. PNETs are classified into central and peripheral types. Peripheral PNETs are unusual, often highly aggressive, malignant neoplasms, rarely presenting in the head and neck. Soft tissues PNETs arise from nonautonomic nervous system. In this case, we report a 14-years-old male known case of cervical soft tissue neuroepithelioma presenting with a rare form of metastatic disease as extra axial, epidural metastasis to the brain. On histochemichal analysis of this solitary metastasis, as well as original tumor specimens, markers consistent with PNET tumors were identified.

  16. Lay Theories of Suicide in Turkish and American Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rheeda Walker

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to compare the lay theories of suicide held by Turkish and American respondents. Measures of attitudes toward suicide and of personality variables were administered to 330 Turkish undergraduates and 419 American undergraduates. Turkish students saw interpersonal factors as less important and societal factors as more important in causing suicide as compared to the American students, and they also reported more stigma toward attempted suicides. Personality correlates of these attitudes were similar in the two groups. The similarities between the two groups of respondents in their theories of suicide outweighed thedifferences.

  17. A School in Siberia: 14-Year-Olds Take University Math Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdanovsky, Georgy

    1978-01-01

    Ordinary students (n=40) are participating in a Soviet experiment wherein they are taught by well-known scientists and specialists in a math-intensive course comparable to that taught at the Kiev University. (JC)

  18. Turkish Geography Student Teachers' Concerns towards the Teaching Profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sezer, Adem

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the levels of concern of Turkish geography student teachers towards the teaching profession. The study was conducted with 293 geography student teachers who are enrolled in the last class of the Geography Student Teachers Program of the Faculties of Education and enrolled in a Non-Thesis Master's Degree…

  19. Skin Picking in Turkish Students: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Gender Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calikusu, Celal; Kucukgoncu, Suat; Tecer, Ozlem; Bestepe, Emrem

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, triggers, and consequences of skin picking (SP) in a sample of Turkish university students, with an emphasis on gender differences. A total of 245 students from two universities in Turkey were assessed by using the Skin Picking Inventory. In total, 87.8% of the students…

  20. Salter-Harris type II fracture of the femoral bone in a 14-year-old boy - case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Distal femoral physis fractures with displacement are rare injuries seen in adolescents related with high incidence of complication. They may lead to premature physeal closure consequently, to growth arrest and bone deformity. Case Report: The case of a 14-year-old boy with Salter-Harris type II displaced fracture underwent surgery with open reduction has been described. CT examination with multiplanar reconstruction was used in pre-operative assessment of distal femur growth plate fracture. Conclusions: Knowledge of classification, prognosis and methods of treatment is necessary in accurate pre- and postoperative assessment of physial fractures in adolescents. CT and multiplanar reconstruction improve the understanding of patterns of injury, relative prevalence and accuracy of pre-operative planning. (authors)

  1. VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT OF TURKISH STUDENTS AGED BETWEEN 7 AND 9

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hülya P?LANCI

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The potential of thoughts which is possible for a person who speaks a particular language are accepted to be equal to the conceptual content of that language; “dictionary” containing the sum of the concepts. It means that “the things that a person can think are limited to the possibilities in the language he/she speaks and the thoughts of the person who speaks the language has to act within the limits of that language’s potential.”In terms of Turkish language, it is seen that Turkish sources in the form of general dictionary contain approximately 70.000 words as headwords. The headwords included in approximately 80.000-100.000 dictionaries and glossaries that are used in Anatolian dialects were not added to this number. However studies related to the vocabulary of children report that Turkish students do not benefit from the rich vocabulary of Turkish language. This paper aims to investigate Turkish student between the ages 7 and 9 during 3 years and reveal how they develop vocabulary. It is also aimed to determine the effects of variables on vocabulary development such as age, pre-knowledge, social environment, economic environment and education level. The study was conducted by the support of TÜB?TAK (The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkish, (TÜBITAK-SOBAG project No: 104K087.

  2. Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions of Geography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Senyurt, Secil

    2014-01-01

    This study provides an in-depth investigation of Turkish primary school students' perceptions of geography. Gender differences in students' perceptions of geography were investigated, including definitions of geography and its field of study. The findings showed that "landforms," "our geographical regions/Turkey,"…

  3. Cleidocranial dysplasia in a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl: clinical and radiological presentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare, autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia with a relatively mild course. The most characteristic symptoms are clavicle hypoplasia or aplasia, abnormalities in the skull ossification, and a variety of dental pathologies. The clinical course and radiological presentation of two cases (a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl) of CCD are presented. Among the characteristic phenotype features the patients demonstrated were abnormalities in the skull formation, with wide sutures and large, delayed closure of the fontanelles, additional Wormian bones, and significant dental abnormalities, in both cases with delayed eruption of teeth and, in the girl, intensive caries, cross bite, and impacted teeth. The boy presented hypoplasia of the clavicles, while aplastic clavicles were confirmed in the girl. In both cases clavicle defects resulted in descended shoulders with abnormal movement faculty. Metacarpal and phalangeal defects were also found in both children as well as abnormalities in pelvic structure, with wide pubic symphysis and vertical arrangement of the pelvic bones in the girl. CCD is a skeletal dysplasia with characteristic clinical and radiological presentation. Although the course of the disorder is relatively mild, early orthopedic, dental, and orthodontic care, as well as rehabilitation, are essential in limiting complications resulting from the congenital malformation of the skeletal system. (author) system. (author)

  4. An Analysis of Turkish High School Students' Metacognition and Motivation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sungur, Semra; Senler, Burcu

    2009-01-01

    The present study aimed at investigating Turkish high school students' metacognition and its relation to achievement goals (mastery approach goals, mastery avoidance goals, performance approach goals, performance avoidance goals), perceived competence, and perceived classroom environment (challenge and threat). Metacognition was examined in terms…

  5. Wellness and Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oguz-Duran, Nagihan; Tezer, Esin

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the differences among 465 Turkish first year university students regarding overall wellness and four of its dimensions (cognitive emotional wellness-CEW, relational wellness-RW, life goal-LG, and physical wellness-PW) in terms of self-esteem levels and gender. The data were gathered by administering the Rosenberg…

  6. A validity and reliability study of physical activity enjoyment scale-short form for Turkish children and youth

    OpenAIRE

    Dilsad Mirzeog?lu, A.; Dil?ad Çoknaz

    2014-01-01

    Although there are many benefits of physical activity on people, it is important to provide enjoyment in the physical activity to increase and ensure the continuity of the participation. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form for the 9-14 years old Turkish students. 150 students (91 girls, 59 boys) in 4-8 classes from Hatay, ?stanbul and Krd. Ere?li were participated in this study. The expert report, d...

  7. Bone dysplasia with optic atrophy, vascular malformation and seizures in a 14-year-old girl - a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The heritable skeletal dysplasias or osteochondrodysplasias are a large heterogeneous group of disorders associated with abnormal shape, growth, or integrity of bones. Osteopetrosis is a collective term for a range of sclerosing bone diseases with various degree of defective remodeling. Increased bone density is the predominant radiologic feature. The skull is often involved with basal sclerosis and the sinuses are obliterated. The most serious consequences of the osteopetroses are seen in the nervous system. Because of perturbed remodeling of the skull bones, many aspects of the brain and cranial nerve function are endangered. Cranial nerves, blood vessels and the spinal cord may be compressed by progressive occlusion of cranial foramina. Carious, misplaced teeth, dysplastic fingernails, tendency to pathologic fractures are the other clinical manifestations. The authors present a 14-year-old girl with dysmorphic features, optic atrophy, CNS vessel malformation, pathologic fractures and seizures. The girl had a wide range of clinical and radiographic symptoms of bone dysplasias together with a giant left internal carotid artery aneurysm and epilepsy. On the basis of clinical and radiological features, a disease belonging to the group of skeletal dysplasias was recognized in our patient. The configuration of the presented symptoms does not allow at the moment strict classification to hitherto determined forms of dysplasia. This leads to the necessity of extending diagn leads to the necessity of extending diagnostics, especially by molecular tests, and further long-lasting observations, which perhaps would allow classification of the presented syndrome to one of the known groups, or determination of a new clinical entity. (author)

  8. Ovarian carcinoma in a 14-year-old with classical salt-wasting congenital adrenal hyperplasia and bilateral adrenalectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pina, Christian; Khattab, Ahmed; Katzman, Philip; Bruckner, Lauren; Andolina, Jeffrey; New, Maria; Yau, Mabel

    2015-05-01

    A 14-year-old female with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia because of 21-hydroxylase deficiency underwent bilateral adrenalectomy at 6 years of age as a result of poor hormonal control. Because the patient was adrenalectomized, extra adrenal androgen production was suspected. Imaging studies including pelvic ultrasound and pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were obtained to evaluate for adrenal rest tumors of the ovaries. Abdominal MRI was obtained to evaluate for residual adrenal tissue. A cystic lesion arising from her right ovary suspicious for ovarian neoplasm was noted on pelvic MRI. Right salpingo-oophorectomy was performed and histopathological examination revealed ovarian serous adenocarcinoma, low-grade, and well-differentiated. Tumor marker CA-125 was elevated and additional ovarian cancer staging workup confirmed stage IIIC due to one lymph node positive for carcinoma. The patient then developed a large left ovarian cyst, which led to a complete total abdominal hysterectomy and removal of the left ovary and fallopian tube. Pathology confirmed ovarian serous adenocarcinoma with microscopic focus of carcinoma in the left ovary. After numerous complications, the patient responded well to chemotherapy, CA-125 levels fell and no evidence of carcinoma was observed on subsequent imaging. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an ovarian serous adenocarcinoma in a patient with CAH. Although rare, we propose that the ovaries were the origin of androgen production and not residual adrenal tissue. The relationship between CAH and ovarian carcinomas has yet to be established, but further evaluation is needed given the poor survival rate of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma. PMID:25427061

  9. An Investigation into Turkish EFL Students’ Attributions in Reading Comprehension

    OpenAIRE

    Cevdet Y?lmaz

    2012-01-01

    Learner attributions, perceived causes of success and failure, have received considerable attention. However, very little research has been carried out in the area of learning foreign languages. This empiricalstudy investigated Turkish EFL students’ attributions in reading. The aims of the study were (1) to investigateuniversity students’ attributions for success and failures in second language reading and (2) to examine theways in which these vary according to gender, proficiency...

  10. Sexuality related attitudes and behaviors of Turkish university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Askun, Duysal; Ataca, Bilge

    2007-10-01

    In this study, sexual attitudes and behaviors of Turkish university students were explored by taking many influential agents both at the distal and the proximal levels into consideration. A total of 563 students from three universities located in three cities completed a questionnaire that assessed their virginity status, first intercourse, sexual permissiveness, pornography usage, endorsement of traditional sexual double standards, and the perception of parental attitudes about sexuality. The results showed that women and students from rural areas were more traditional and conservative in their attitudes and behaviors regarding sexuality. The perception of maternal restriction about sexuality was related to sexual conservatism, negative affective reaction at first coitus, and endorsing traditional sexual double standards. The results are discussed in terms of various degrees of influences originating from proximal and distal variables in the Turkish context. PMID:17629783

  11. Field assessment of balance in 10 to 14 year old children, reproducibility and validity of the Nintendo Wii board

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lisbeth Runge; JØrgensen, Martin GrØnbech

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Because body proportions in childhood are different to those in adulthood, children have a relatively higher centre of mass location. This biomechanical difference and the fact that children's movements have not yet fully matured result in different sway performances in children and adults. When assessing static balance, it is essential to use objective, sensitive tools, and these types of measurement have previously been performed in laboratory settings. However, the emergence of technologies like the Nintendo Wii Board (NWB) might allow balance assessment in field settings. As the NWB has only been validated and tested for reproducibility in adults, the purpose of this study was to examine reproducibility and validity of the NWB in a field setting, in a population of children. METHODS: Fifty-four 10-14 year-olds from the CHAMPS-Study DK performed four different balance tests: bilateral stance with eyes open (1), unilateral stance on dominant (2) and non-dominant leg (3) with eyes open, and bilateral stance with eyes closed (4). Three rounds of the four tests were completed with the NWB and with a force platform (AMTI). To assess reproducibility, an intra-day test-retest design was applied with a two-hour break between sessions. RESULTS: Bland-Altman plots supplemented by Minimum Detectable Change (MDC) and concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) demonstrated satisfactory reproducibility for the NWB and the AMTI (MDC: 26.3-28.2%, CCC: 0.76-0.86) using Centre Of Pressure path Length as measurement parameter. Bland-Altman plots demonstrated satisfactory concurrent validity between the NWB and the AMTI, supplemented by satisfactory CCC in all tests (CCC: 0.74-0.87). The ranges of the limits of agreement in the validity study were comparable to the limits of agreement of the reproducibility study. CONCLUSION: Both NWB and AMTI have satisfactory reproducibility for testing static balance in a population of children. Concurrent validity of NWB compared with AMTI was satisfactory. Furthermore, the results from the concurrent validity study were comparable to the reproducibility results of the NWB and the AMTI. Thus, NWB has the potential to replace the AMTI in field settings in studies including children. Future studies are needed to examine intra-subject variability and to test the predictive validity of NWB.

  12. Field assessment of balance in 10 to 14 year old children, reproducibility and validity of the Nintendo Wii board

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Because body proportions in childhood are different to those in adulthood, children have a relatively higher centre of mass location. This biomechanical difference and the fact that children’s movements have not yet fully matured result in different sway performances in children and adults. When assessing static balance, it is essential to use objective, sensitive tools, and these types of measurement have previously been performed in laboratory settings. However, the emergence of technologies like the Nintendo Wii Board (NWB) might allow balance assessment in field settings. As the NWB has only been validated and tested for reproducibility in adults, the purpose of this study was to examine reproducibility and validity of the NWB in a field setting, in a population of children. Methods Fifty-four 10–14 year-olds from the CHAMPS-Study DK performed four different balance tests: bilateral stance with eyes open (1), unilateral stance on dominant (2) and non-dominant leg (3) with eyes open, and bilateral stance with eyes closed (4). Three rounds of the four tests were completed with the NWB and with a force platform (AMTI). To assess reproducibility, an intra-day test-retest design was applied with a two-hour break between sessions. Results Bland-Altman plots supplemented by Minimum Detectable Change (MDC) and concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) demonstrated satisfactory reproducibility for the NWB and the AMTI (MDC: 26.3-28.2%, CCC: 0.76-0.86) using Centre Of Pressure path Length as measurement parameter. Bland-Altman plots demonstrated satisfactory concurrent validity between the NWB and the AMTI, supplemented by satisfactory CCC in all tests (CCC: 0.74-0.87). The ranges of the limits of agreement in the validity study were comparable to the limits of agreement of the reproducibility study. Conclusion Both NWB and AMTI have satisfactory reproducibility for testing static balance in a population of children. Concurrent validity of NWB compared with AMTI was satisfactory. Furthermore, the results from the concurrent validity study were comparable to the reproducibility results of the NWB and the AMTI. Thus, NWB has the potential to replace the AMTI in field settings in studies including children. Future studies are needed to examine intra-subject variability and to test the predictive validity of NWB. PMID:24913461

  13. Student Attitudes toward Technology Enhanced History Education: Comparison between Turkish and American Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim Turan

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Teacher and student attitudes towards the technology enhanced instruction plays a critical role in determining its effectiveness. The purpose of the study is to examine Turkish and American students’ attitudes and thoughts toward the use of educational technologies in history courses, and to compare the results to determine whether there are any differences between the attitudes of Turkish and American student. This study was conducted with 197 American students from Upper Saint Claire High school in Pittsburgh, PA, and 214 Turkish students from Konya High school who volutered for this study. The required data for this study were gathered by a 26-item technology questionnaire, which included 7 multiple-choice questions and 19 Likert scale questions. This questionnaire was developed to gather data on five different areas of interest: (1 demographic information, (2 participants’ computer- and Internet-usage skills, (3 the level of technology used in history classrooms, (4 participants’ attitudes toward technology-enhanced history education, and (5 participants’ attitudes toward history. Most of the Turkish and American students rated themselves as being very well experienced on the eight computer- and Internet-usage skills targeted in this study. But the comparison of the data indicated that American students have higher computer- and Internet-usage skills than Turkish students do, and this difference is statistically significant (p = 0.001. Most of the Turkish and American students showed positive attitudes on using educational technologies in history classrooms. A majority of the Turkish and American students stated that they would be able to focus and learn better if more technological materials were used in classroom activities, and this, in turn, would increase their academic achievements.

  14. THE EFFECT OF STRENGTH TRAINING ON SOME MOTOR ABILITIES IN 12-14 YEARS-OLD MALE TENNIS PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat AKTA?

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine effect of 8-week strength training on motor abilities of male tennis players between aged 12-14 years.The total 20 athletes which played in the Club of Ankara Tennis participated in the study, as experimental group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 years, Height:152.90±4.22 cm, Body mass:40.64±5.72 kg and control group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 y?l, Height:152.30±4.73 cm, Body mass:39.35±3.62 kg. The experimental group performed the strength training for 8 weeks in addition to tennis training. The control group performed only tennis training. The motor abilities were measured before the strength training period (pre-test and after the strength training (post-test for the experimental and control group. The results of pre-test of experimental and control group were defined as a co-variance and the difference between post-tests of variables was compared in univariate co-variance analysis. The difference between some performance variables of experimental and control groups was determined by using independent t test. The level of significance was set at p?0.05. There was no significant difference between heights of the experimental and control group and their body weights (p>0.05. There were no significant difference between results of peak power, mean power and fatique index of Wingate test performed by the experimental and control group (p>0.05. There was significant difference between the result of relative mean power of Wingate test performed by the experimental and control group (p?0.05. Although there were not found between durations of 5-m sprint, 30-m sprint, asymmetric sprint for the experimental group and control group (p>0.05, there was significant difference between those of 10-m sprint durations (p?0.05. The right and left hand grip strength of the experimental group was significantly higher than the right and left hand grip strength of the control group (p?0.01. The skinfold of the experimental group was significantly less than skinfold of the control group (p?0.01. The value of 20-m shuttle run of the experimental group was significantly higher than those of the control group (p?0.01. There was no significant difference between experimental group and control group in flexibility (p>0.05.As a result, the strength training for eight weeks improved the abilities of endurance, strength, and in some speed abilities in 12-14 year-old male tennis player, however it was observed that the strength training did not induce any changes in flexibility and anaerobic power.

  15. The Importance of Teacher-Student Interpersonal Relationships for Turkish Students' Attitudes towards Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Telli, Sibel; den Brok, Perry; Cakiroglu, Jale

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine associations between Turkish high school students' perceptions of their science teachers' interpersonal behaviour and their attitudes towards science. Students' perceptions of the teacher-student interpersonal relationship were mapped with the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI), which uses two…

  16. High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

    2009-01-01

    Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ)…

  17. HEALTH PROMOTING BEHAVIOURS OF TURKISH AND FOREIGNER UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    CO?KUN BETÜL; SARITA? NAZM?; YILDIZ KAD?R; YARDIMCI MEHMET

    2012-01-01

    AbstractPurpose: At this study, it was aimed to compare health promoting behaviors of Turkish (TS) and Foreigner (FS) students of university. Methods: At this study, 64 FS and 70 TS were participated voluntarily, mean age of FS and TS were 23,11 and 20,87 respectively. Volunteers were performed demographic questionnaire and Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors Scale II (HLBS). 34 Foreigner participants were performed HLBS II inventory by post and 30 participants were performed by e-mail. Independent-t...

  18. Turkish Students' Ideas about Global Warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilinc, Ahmet; Stanisstreet, Martin; Boyes, Edward

    2008-01-01

    A questionnaire was used to explore the prevalence of ideas about global warming in Year 10 (age 15-16 years) school students in Turkey. The frequencies of individual scientific ideas and misconceptions about the causes, consequences and "cures" of global warming were identified. In addition, several general findings emerged from this study.…

  19. Adaptation of the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) to Turkish Students: Factorial Validity and Reliability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cikrikci-Demirtash, R. Nukhet

    2005-01-01

    The study presented in this article was conducted to determine psychometric features of scales for Turkish students by adapting the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) developed by Midgley and others (2000) to the Turkish language in order to measure personal and classroom goal orientations. The scales were developed to test…

  20. Condom-related beliefs among Turkish university students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serap Bulduk

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Young people are at a high risk of contracting HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI. However, their rate of condom use is low. The purpose of the study is to investigate health beliefs affecting condom use among Turkish university students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from June to September of 2007. Two hundred and fifty-four (254 university students were interviewed using a questionnaire. A logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with condom use. Sixteen (16 percent of the females and 67 percent of the males used condoms during their last sexual intercourse. Failure to use a condom was related to a perceived reduction in sexual satisfaction [OR = 5.46 (1.69 – 17.60] and financial limitations [OR = 2.76 (1.46 – 5.20]. These data will be useful in designing and improving HIV/STD prevention programs in Turkey.

  1. Problematic internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and internet activities

    OpenAIRE

    Melih Derya Gürer; Erkan Tekinarslan

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.).Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610). The results indicate that the female students (N=358) had significant...

  2. Socioeconomic differences in selected dietary habits among Norwegian 13–14 year-olds: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madelene Skårdal

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Social inequalities in health are a major and even growing problem in all European countries. Objective: The aim of the present study was to describe 1 differences in dietary habits among Norwegian adolescents by gender and socioeconomic status; 2 differences in self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines among their parents according to socioeconomic status. Design: In 2012, a cross-sectional study where students filled in a web-based food frequency questionnaire at school was conducted in nine lower secondary schools in Vest-Agder County, Norway. Socioeconomic status (SES and knowledge of dietary guidelines were obtained from the parents using a web-based questionnaire. In total, 517 ninth-grade students (mean age 13.9 out of 742 invited students participated in the study, giving a participation rate of 69.7%. The total number of dyads with information on both parents and students was 308 (41.5%. Results: The findings indicate that there is a tendency for girls to have a healthier diet than boys, with greater intake of fruits and vegetables (girls intake in median 3.5 units per day and boys 2.9 units per day, and lower intake of soft drinks (girls 0.25 l in median versus boys 0.5 l per week. Students from families with higher SES reported a significant higher intake of vegetables and fish, and lower intake of soft drinks and fast food than those from lower SES. Parents with higher SES reported a significantly better knowledge of dietary guidelines compared to those with lower SES. Conclusions: Differences in dietary habits were found between groups of students by gender and SES. Differences were also found in parents’ self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines. This social patterning should be recognized in public health interventions.

  3. The Turkish Primary Students’ Understanding Of Scientific Events And Questions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gül Ünal ÇOBAN

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The students’ scientific conceptualizations of the things are important as they are responsible for their attitudes and behaviours. Therefore, it is believed that knowing about the students’ understanding of scientific questions and events are important as they are the indicators of their science self-concept. The purpose of this study was to explore the Turkish primary students’ understanding of scientific issues on the basis of scientific events and questions including their conception of being scientific. In order to achieve this, 30 students from six different schools located in the different parts of one of the western cities in Turkey were interviewed by using semi structured interview form. At the end, generally it was seen that students are not able to express their own understanding of scientific events and questions. Moreover, explaining the meaning of being scientific was quite challenging. Interestingly, the majority of students ignored the methodological issues of science besides having difficulty in easily relating the science to daily live.

  4. Socioeconomic differences in selected dietary habits among Norwegian 13–14 year-olds: a cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Madelene Skårdal; Inger Mari Western; Anne M. S. Ask; Nina C. Øverby

    2014-01-01

    Background: Social inequalities in health are a major and even growing problem in all European countries. Objective: The aim of the present study was to describe 1) differences in dietary habits among Norwegian adolescents by gender and socioeconomic status; 2) differences in self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines among their parents according to socioeconomic status. Design: In 2012, a cross-sectional study where students filled in a web-based food frequency questionnaire at school wa...

  5. Predicting the Turkish secondary school students’ perfectionism from their parents’ perfectionism*

    OpenAIRE

    Fatih Camadan; Galip Yüksel

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study is to predict Turkish secondary school students’ perfectionism from their parents’ perfectionism. In this scope the study was performed with 408 parents (209 mother, 199 father) and 591 (439 female, 152 male) students. FMPS, adapted into Turkish by Özbay and M?s?rl?-Ta?demir, was used. Multiple Regression Analysis was utilized in data analyzing. According to the analyses; it can be seen that there is a meaningful effect while predicting the scores of female stud...

  6. The triad of Iron deficiency anemia, hepatosplenomegaly and growth retardation with normal serum zinc levels in a 14-year-old boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rwegerera, G M; Joel, D R; Bakilana, C; Maruza, M P

    2015-01-01

    A triad of iron deficiency anemia, hepatosplenomegaly and growth retardation occurring in tandem with zinc deficiency has been reported in the past as components of either Prasad's syndrome or hypopituitarism. There are no documented cases of such triad occurring in the presence of normal serum zinc levels. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy who presented with iron deficiency anemia, hepatosplenomegaly, geophagia and growth retardation with pubertal delay. Investigations ruled out hypopituitarism and coeliac disease. The patient improved dramatically and attained puberty within 15 months of intense nutritional intervention. In conclusion, iron deficiency anemia occurring in the triad without zinc deficiency as seen in this case report has not been reported before; this calls for more research to be able to explain the findings. PMID:26096252

  7. CT scan-guided percutaneous osteosynthesis of a complex, multifocal fracture of the pelvic girdle in a 14-year-old adolescent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gagne, Pierre-Thomas; Bertrand, Anne-Sophie; Caudal, Amandine; El Hayek, Tony; Amoretti, Nicolas [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, Nice (France)

    2014-08-15

    We report on a 14-year-old girl with minimally displaced pelvic girdle and acetabular roof fracture following motor vehicle trauma, treated percutaneously under CT and C-arm fluoroscopic guidance by an interventional radiologist. After informed consent from the patient's parents, under surgical aseptic conditions and under general anesthesia, three screws were positioned adequately under dual guidance by a radiologist and without immediate or long-term complication. The patient was mobilized 48 h after the procedure and resumed normal activities after 1 month. Even though the technique has been described before on adults, to our knowledge this is the first time it has been described on a pediatric patient. (orig.)

  8. Casos clínicos en Cardiología (n.º 8): adolescente de 14 años con dolor torácico / Clinical cases in Cardiology (nº. 8): 14 years old adolescent with chest pain

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    D., Crespo Marcos; F.J., Pérez-Lescure Picarzo.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Continuamos con la serie de casos clínicos en Cardiología pediátrica, revisando los motivos de consulta frecuentes en las consultas de Pediatría de Atención Primaria, presentados de forma breve y práctica y tratando de mostrar la utilidad del electrocardiograma, método diagnóstico del que disponemos [...] en Atención Primaria. En este número se presenta el caso de un adolescente de 14 años que se queja de dolor torácico. Se discute cómo las características del dolor y los hallazgos electrocardiográficos orientan el manejo de este paciente. Abstract in english We continue the series in Paediatric Cardiology checking frequent reasons for consultation in the paediatric offices of Primary Care, presenting them in a brief and practical way and trying to show the electrocardiogram usefulness, diagnostic tool available at the Primary Care office. In this paper [...] we present the case of a 14 years old adolescent who complains of chest pain. The way clinical and electrocardiographic findings guide the diagnosis of this patient is discussed.

  9. Validity and Reliability of the QIDS-SR16-Turkish in Comparison with BDI-II-Turkish Among Young Outpatient Sample of Turkish University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurtulu? Öngel

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Ob­jec­ti­ve: To evaluate the validity and reliability of 16-item self-report version of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS-SR16 scale in comparison with BDI-II-Turkish (BDI-II-T in a young sample of Turkish university students.Met­hods: A slightly modified version of the QIDS-SR16-Turkish (QIDS-SR16-T available at www.ids-qids.org, along with the BDI-II-T, was administered to 628 young Turkish university students who attended the Family Health Center in Uluda? University Campus between February and April 2010. Descriptive analyses, Student’s t-test, receiver operating characteristic (ROC analysis, and confirmatory factor analyses were used in the study.Re­sults: The mean age of the participants was 21.1±2.16 (SD years; 67.8% were female and 32.2% were male. Cronbach’s ? coefficient for internal consistency of the QIDS-SR16-T was found to be 0.769. The mean item-total correlation was 0.45, ranging from 0.29 to 0.71. The correlation between the BDI-II-T and QIDS-SR16-T was 0.72. ROC curve analysis suggested 9 as the optimal cut-off for a clinical depression level for the QIDS-SR16-T. Conc­lu­si­on: We observed that the QIDS-SR16-T demonstrated good psychometric properties in a sample of young Turkish students and has convergent validity with the BDI-II-T, a widely used scale for depression. It is essential to diagnose reliably the major depressive disorder and to follow up the patients by valid screening instruments in primary care setting. The internal consistencies of the QIDS determined in studies from the United States were greater than our Cronbach’s ? coefficient, but there was no statistically significant difference between them (z=0.55, p>0.05. The QIDS-SR16-T can be reliably used in primary care settings. (Arc­hi­ves of Neu­ropsy­chi­atry 2012;49: 1-5

  10. Turkish Science Student Teachers' Conceptions on the States of Matter

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    Abdullah Aydin

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine science students teachers’ conceptions on the concepts related to ‘the matter and the states of the matter’. 112 Turkish science student teachers participated at this research. A questionnaire consisting of thirteen open-ended items was designed to collect the data. The questionnaire aimed to reveal the students’ views concerning; the features of ‘solid, liquid and gas’ states and their application in everyday life, the state of matter at room temperature and in normal conditions, the particulate structure of matter, unique properties of each particle of matter, the relationship between the force of attraction between these particles and room temperature. The results were analyzed mainly qualitatively, but also quantitatively. As an outcome of the analysis, fourteen misconceptions were determined. These misconceptions can be categorized as ‘mentioning of the state of matter without specifying the temperature and the pressure’, ‘not comprehending that liquids evaporate at any temperature’, ‘not understanding the features of the particulate structures of solid, liquid and gas substances (volume and the number of the particles’.

  11. Turkish Students' Science Performance and Related Factors in PISA 2006 and 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topçu, Mustafa Sami; Arikan, Serkan; Erbilgin, Evrim

    2015-01-01

    The OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) enables participating countries to monitor 15-year old students' progress in reading, mathematics, and science literacy. The present study investigates persistent factors that contribute to science performance of Turkish students in PISA 2006 and PISA 2009. Additionally,…

  12. Turkish Primary Students' Perceptions about Scientist and What Factors Affecting the Image of the Scientists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkmen, Hakan

    2008-01-01

    Students' views of science and scientists have been widely studied. The purpose of this study is to analyze image of scientist from drawn picture of scientists using The Draw-a-Scientist Test (DAST) by 5th grade students and to analyze where this image comes from students minds in changing Turkish educational perspective. Two hundred eighty seven…

  13. Turkish University Students' Technology Use Profiles and Their Thoughts about Distance Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baran, Bahar; Kilic, Eylem; Bakar Corez, Aysegul; Cagiltay, Kursat

    2010-01-01

    This study presents the results of a survey implemented to investigate Turkish university students' technology use profile and their thoughts about distance education. The sample of the study is 6504 students from four universities in Turkey. The results of the study are reported in five main sections: 1) demographic information of the students

  14. Parental education, body mass index and prevalence of obesity among 14-year-old boys between 1987 and 1997 in Wroclaw, Poland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main aim of this study was to examine changes in relative weight and prevalence of obesity across a ten-year period among 14-year-old boys according to parental education level. Data from two surveys, carried out in 1987 and 1997, of boys attending the 7th grade of primary schools in Wroclaw were used in the analysis. The heights and weights of 3165 boys aged 14 years selected from cohort of 6969 7th and 8th grade boys from all primary schools of the city Wroclaw were used. The data of the second sample of 14-year-old boys (n = 1014) were obtained from a health examination study carried out in the Silesian Centre for Preventive Medicine, 'DOLMED', in Wroclaw in 1997. All boys attended the 7th grade of 34 randomly selected primary schools from a total of 129 schools in the city of Wroclaw. Social status was assessed on the basis of parental education level scored to four categories: university, secondary school, trade school, and elementary school. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was defined as the percentage of children above the 85th and 95th percentiles of the body mass index (BMI), the means of which were 21.27 and 23.75 kg/m2 respectively. Prevalence of overweight among boys is slightly lower in the 1997 sample, whereas the prevalence of obesity shows the opposite trend and is higher by more than one percent in comparison with the 1987 sample. Similar trends of declining medians and increasing variance are observed in all educational groupsnce are observed in all educational groups. The differences in medians between the two samples within educational groups did not achieve statistical significance for the groups with parents with education at elementary level and fathers with university education. There is a trend toward increasing prevalence of obesity across the decade considered, according to father's education level. With respect to mother's education levels, the most dramatic changes in BMI and obesity occurred in the elementary education group, where the percentage of obese subjects increased more than twofold. A significant increase is also observed in the group with parents attaining university education

  15. Exploring academic procrastination among Turkish students: possible gender differences in prevalence and reasons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Ferrari, Joseph R

    2009-04-01

    The authors examined the prevalence of and reasons, or excuses, for academic procrastination as a function of gender and academic grade level. In Study 1, a factor analysis of responses by 203 Turkish undergraduate students to an academic procrastination measure provided evidence of reliability and validity for the revised scale. In Study 2,784 students (363 women, 421 men; M age = 20.6 years, SD age = 1.74 years) completed the validated Turkish Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students. The results were that 52% of students self-reported frequent academic procrastination, with male students reporting more frequent procrastination on academic tasks than female students. Significantly more female students than male students reported greater academic procrastination because of fear of failure and laziness; male students reported more academic procrastination as a result of risk taking and rebellion against control than did female students. PMID:19425360

  16. Developmental and sex differences in somatosensory perception--a systematic comparison of 7- versus 14-year-olds using quantitative sensory testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blankenburg, M; Meyer, D; Hirschfeld, G; Kraemer, N; Hechler, T; Aksu, F; Krumova, E K; Magerl, W; Maier, C; Zernikow, B

    2011-11-01

    There are controversial discussions regarding developmental- and sex-related differences in somatosensory perception, which were found, eg, when comparing younger children (6-8 years), older children (9-12 years), and adolescents (13-16 years) using quantitative sensory testing (QST). The aim of our current study was to systematically assess the impact of age and sex using the QST protocol of the German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain (DFNS). QST, including thermal and mechanical detection and pain thresholds, was assessed in 86 healthy 7-year-old children (42 girls and 44 boys) and 87 healthy 14-year-old adolescents (43 girls and 44 boys). The sample size was calculated a priori to detect medium-sized effects as found in the previous studies with adequate power. Developmental and sex differences were tested using univariate analysis of variance. Children were more sensitive to most pain stimuli, except cold pain stimuli, compared with adolescents, but did not differ in mechanical and thermal detection thresholds except in regard to cold stimuli. Sex had an impact only on warm detection, with girls being more sensitive. There were no interactions between age and sex. In conclusion, developmental changes during the puberty appear to influence pain perception, whereas sex effects in childhood are negligible. At present, it is not clear what brings about the differences between adult men and women that are apparent in epidemiological studies. Our results contradict the hypothesis that differences in peripheral nerve-fiber functioning underlie sex effects. PMID:21907494

  17. Popliteal artery injury following traumatic knee joint dislocation in a 14-year-old boy: A case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cvetkovi? Slobodan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Posterior knee joint dislocation associated with injury of the popliteal artery in children is an extremely rare condition. Rapid diagnosis and treatment are essential for limb salvage and function. Case report. We reported a 14-year-old boy who suffered traumatic displacement of the right knee and contusion of the popliteal artery during motorcycle accident. The diagnosis was confirmed using Doppler and duplex ultrasonography and digital substraction transfemoral arteriography. The urgent surgical procedure was performed using posterior approach to the popliteal artery. During the surgical exploration, rupture of the posterior cruciate ligament associated with thrombosed popliteal artery have been found. The damaged popliteal artery was resected and replaced with autologous saphenous vein graft. The last stage of the procedure was a transosseous femoral fixation of posterior circuate ligament. A 3-year-follow-up after the surgery demonstrated intact arterial perfusion and very good function of the knee with a minimal difference as compared with the contralateral knee. Conclusion. Combined orthopedic and vascular injuries are very rare in children. They require combined treatment. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175008

  18. What are the Main Sources of Turkish EFL Students' Anxiety in Oral Practice?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subasi, Gonca

    2010-01-01

    This study was designed in order to investigate two potential sources of the anxiety of Turkish learners of English in oral practice:1) an individual student's fear of negative evaluation, and 2) his/her self-perceived speaking ability. A total of 55 first year students enrolling in Anadolu University, Education Faculty, ELT Department…

  19. Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children.…

  20. Relationships of Homework Motivation and Preferences to Homework Achievement and Attitudes in Turkish Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iflazoglu, Ayten; Hong, Eunsook

    2012-01-01

    Whether students' motivation, organizational approaches, physical needs, and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process predict homework achievement and attitudes toward homework was examined in 1,776 Turkish students in Grades 5 through 8. The Homework Motivation and Preference Questionnaire was utilized to assess…

  1. Exploring Bilingualism in a Monolingual School System: Insights from Turkish and Native Students from Belgian Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agirdag, Orhan

    2010-01-01

    A growing body of empirical studies indicates the educational benefits of bilingualism. Despite this tendency, bilingual minority students are being pressured by school authorities to shed their mother tongues. We conducted qualitative interviews with Turkish-bilingual and native-monolingual students in Flemish (Belgium) secondary schools to…

  2. The Relationships among Unethical Computer Usage Behavior and Some Personality Characteristics of Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceyhan, A. Aykut; Ceyhan, Esra

    2007-01-01

    This research aims at examining the relationships among unethical computer usage behavior and the personality characteristics of locus of control, adjustment to social norms, antisocial tendency, and aggression on Turkish university students. The research was applied to 217 university students. Data were collected through Unethical Computer Using…

  3. The Assessment of the Perception of the Academic Self Efficacy of Turkish Education Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gocer, Ali

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to determine the perception of the academic self efficacy of Turkish Education graduate students. This study applied qualitative research approach and interview method. Master's students of Erciyes University, Institute of Education Science were chosen as a sample for the purpose, using clustering method. In…

  4. An Investigation of Problematic Internet Usage Behaviors on Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceyhan, Esra; Ceyhan, A. Aykut

    2007-01-01

    This research aims at examining the relationships between problematic internet usage (PIU) behavior and some demographic information and qualifications related to internet use of Turkish university students. The research was conducted with 2084 university students. Data was collected by means of Problematic Internet Usage Scale (Ceyhan, Ceyhan &…

  5. Traumatismos dentales en niños de 12 a 14 años en el municipio San José de las Lajas / Traumatic dental injures in 12-14 years-old children from San José de las Lajas municipality

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Jesús, Gallego Rodríguez; Roxana, Martínez Jacobo.

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico retrospectivo en 1 280 alumnos, 679 varones y 601 hembras de las secundarias básicas del municipio San José de las Lajas, provincia de La Habana, cuyas edades oscilaron entre los 12 y 14 años de edad, para conocer los tipos, la prevalencia y la etiología de los t [...] raumatismos dentarios en los dientes antero-superiores. Se utilizó la clasificación de Andreassen para determinar los tipos de fracturas coronarias. La fractura simple de esmalte predominó, con el 63,1 %, la principal causa de traumatismos dentarios se debió a caídas (75,3 %) seguidas de choques con personas u objetos inanimados (10,3 %); los varones sufrieron más lesiones en los dientes que las hembras (63,2 y 36,7 %, respectivamente). El diente más afectado fue el incisivo central derecho (47,4 %). La mayoría de los alumnos (77,1 %) no concurrieron a las clínicas estomatológicas para recibir tratamiento. Abstract in english A prospective cross-sectional study of 1280 students (679 boys and 601 girls) aged 12-14 years-old from high schools located in San José de las Lajas municipality, La Habana province was conducted. The objective was to find out types, prevalence and etiology of traumatic dental injures in upper ante [...] rior teeth. Andreassen´s classification was used to determine the type of dental fracture. Simple enamel fracture predominated (63.1%). The main cause of dental injures was fall (75.3%) followed by collisions with persons or objects (10,3%). Boys experienced more injures than girls (63,2 vs. 36,7%) did. The most affected tooth was right central incisor (47,4%). The majority of students (77,1%) that suffered dental injures did not go to a dental clinic to be treated.

  6. Traumatismos dentales en niños de 12 a 14 años en el municipio San José de las Lajas Traumatic dental injures in 12-14 years-old children from San José de las Lajas municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Gallego Rodríguez

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico retrospectivo en 1 280 alumnos, 679 varones y 601 hembras de las secundarias básicas del municipio San José de las Lajas, provincia de La Habana, cuyas edades oscilaron entre los 12 y 14 años de edad, para conocer los tipos, la prevalencia y la etiología de los traumatismos dentarios en los dientes antero-superiores. Se utilizó la clasificación de Andreassen para determinar los tipos de fracturas coronarias. La fractura simple de esmalte predominó, con el 63,1 %, la principal causa de traumatismos dentarios se debió a caídas (75,3 % seguidas de choques con personas u objetos inanimados (10,3 %; los varones sufrieron más lesiones en los dientes que las hembras (63,2 y 36,7 %, respectivamente. El diente más afectado fue el incisivo central derecho (47,4 %. La mayoría de los alumnos (77,1 % no concurrieron a las clínicas estomatológicas para recibir tratamiento.A prospective cross-sectional study of 1280 students (679 boys and 601 girls aged 12-14 years-old from high schools located in San José de las Lajas municipality, La Habana province was conducted. The objective was to find out types, prevalence and etiology of traumatic dental injures in upper anterior teeth. Andreassen´s classification was used to determine the type of dental fracture. Simple enamel fracture predominated (63.1%. The main cause of dental injures was fall (75.3% followed by collisions with persons or objects (10,3%. Boys experienced more injures than girls (63,2 vs. 36,7% did. The most affected tooth was right central incisor (47,4%. The majority of students (77,1% that suffered dental injures did not go to a dental clinic to be treated.

  7. Início da vida sexual entre adolescentes (10 a 14 anos) e comportamentos em saúde / Sexual initiation among adolescents (10 to 14 years old) and health behaviors

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Helen, Gonçalves; Eduardo Coelho, Machado; Ana Luiza Gonçalves, Soares; Fabio Alberto, Camargo-Figuera; Lenise Menezes, Seering; Marília Arndt, Mesenburg; Marília Cruz, Guttier; Raquel Siqueira, Barcelos; Romina, Buffarini; Maria Cecília Formoso, Assunção; Pedro Curi, Hallal; Ana Maria Baptista, Menezes.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de início da vida sexual até os 14 anos de idade e fatores sociodemográficos e comportamentais relacionados à sua ocorrência. MÉTODOS: Em 2008, 4.325 adolescentes dos 5.249 pertencentes ao estudo de coorte de nascimentos de Pelotas, R [...] io Grande do Sul (1993) foram entrevistados. O início da vida sexual foi definido como primeira relação sexual ocorrida até os 14 anos. As informações foram obtidas através de questionários durante o acompanhamento de 2008, com entrevistas realizadas nos domicílios. As varáveis analisadas foram: cor da pele, índice de bens, escolaridade materna e do adolescente, uso experimental de cigarro e de álcool, episódio de embriaguez, uso de alguma droga ilícita pelo adolescente ou pelos amigos e envolvimento em brigas no último ano. Além dessas, foram analisados o uso de preservativos e contraceptivos, número de parceiros(as) e idade de iniciação sexual. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de iniciação sexual foi de 18,6%, sendo maior no sexo masculino, nos adolescentes com menor escolaridade, de baixo nível econômico e naqueles cujas mães tinham baixa escolaridade e tiveram filhos na adolescência. A prática sexual esteve relacionada às variáveis comportamentais analisadas. Na última relação sexual, 30% das entrevistadas não haviam usado métodos contraceptivos e 18% não usaram preservativos. Meninos referiram maior número de parceiros(as) sexuais do que meninas. CONCLUSÃO: Resultados apontam uma relação entre iniciação sexual (? 14 anos) e comportamentos vulneráveis à saúde. O não uso de preservativos e contraceptivos pode torná-los vulneráveis a experimentarem situações não desejadas. Estratégias educativas e socioculturais em saúde devem ser praticadas desde o início da adolescência. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of sexual initiation until the age of 14 years old, as well as sociodemographic and behavioral factors. METHODS: In 2008, 4,325 from the 5,249 adolescents of the 1993 birth cohort in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, were interviewed. S [...] exual initiation was defined as the first intercourse up to the age of 14 years old. The information was obtained by interviewing adolescents in their houses, during the 2008 follow-up. The analyzed variables were: skin color, asset index, maternal and adolescents' schooling, experimental use of tobacco and alcohol, drunkenness episode, use of any illicit drug, illegal drug use by friends and involvement in fights during the past year. Use of condoms and contraceptive methods, number of partners and the age of sexual initiation were also analyzed. RESULTS: The prevalence of sexual initiation by the age of 14 was of 18.6%. Lower schooling, asset index and maternal education were related to higher prevalence of sexual initiation until the age of 14, as well as being male or being born to adolescent mothers. Sexual intercourse was also related to the behavioral variables analyzed. Among adolescent girls who had intercourse up to the age of 14, 30% did not use contraception and 18% did not use condoms in the last sexual intercourse. Boys reported a higher number of sexual partners than girls. CONCLUSION: The results suggest a relationship between sexual intercourse (? 14 years) and some health-risk behaviors. The non-use of condoms and contraceptives may make them vulnerable to experiencing unwanted situations. Education and sociocultural strategies for health should be implemented from the beginning of adolescence.

  8. Renal medullary AA amyloidosis, hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleated hepatocytes in a 14-year-old free-ranging lioness (Panthera leo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Momberg

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A 14-year-old lioness, originating from Etosha in Namibia, and a member of a pride in Pilanesberg National Park since translocation in 1994, was euthanased due to fight-related vertebral fracture and spinal injury, incurred approximately 6-8 weeks previously. Blood specimens collected at the time of death showed mild anaemia and a leukogram reflecting stress and chronic infection. Necropsy conducted within 2 hours of death was on a dehydrated, emaciated animal with hindquarter wasting and chronic traumatic friction injuries from dragging her hindlegs. There was cellulitis in the region of bite-wounds adjacent to the thoraco-lumbar vertebral fracture, at which site there was spinal cord compression, and there was marked intestinal helminthiasis. The outer renal medullae appeared pale and waxy and the liver was macroscopically unremarkable. Histopathology and electron microscopy of the kidneys revealed multifocal to coalescing deposits of proximal medullary interstitial amyloid, which fluoresced strongly with thioflavine T, and was sensitive to potassium permanganate treatment prior to Congo Red staining, thus indicating inflammatory (AA origin. There was diffuse hepatocyte dissociation, as well as numerous binucleated and scattered multinucleated (up to 8 nuclei/cell hepatocytes, with swollen hepatocyte mitochondria, in liver examined light microscopically. Ultrastructurally, the mono-, bi- and multinucleated hepatocytes contained multifocal irregular membrane-bound accumulations of finely-granular, amorphous material both intra-cytoplasmically and intra-nuclearly, as well as evidence of irreversible mitochondrial injury. The incidence and relevance in cats and other species of amyloidosis, particularly with renal medullary distribution, as well as of hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleation, as reported in selected literature, is briefly overviewed and their occurrence in this lioness is discussed.

  9. Validity and Reliability of the Revised Physical Anhedonia Scale-Turkish Version in University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bora BASKAK

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Rado and Meehl proposed anhedonia as a main symptom and as a basis of other symptoms of schizotypy and schizophrenia. However, anhedonia was accepted as an important and standard symptom of schizophrenia after being classified as negative symptom by Andreassen. Chapman examined anhedonia as social and physical, and in 1976, has`developed the Physical Anhedonia Scale (PAS; it has been frequently used in the research projects. This study aims to explore the validity and reliability of the PAS-Turkish version in university students. Methods: PAS was translated into Turkish and some items were culturally adapted. The Turkish version was applied to university students twice with a three-week interval. Results: Regarding the internal consistency of the scale, the a values were: 0.84 for the whole sample, 0,85 for males and 0.82 for females. Eleven items with low item-rest correlations were excluded from the Turkish version. The test-retest reliability was 0,60. Discussion: The internal consistency and test-retest reliability values were acceptable. The Turkish version of PAS is eligible to be used in schizotypy research and to test different hypothesis related to physical anhedonia. However, it must be noted that the concept of physical anhedonia is considerably influenced by culture. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2009; 46 Supplement: 43-8

  10. SOME REFLECTIONS ON CULTURAL ADAPTATION OF TURKISH ERASMUS STUDENTS OF ELT DEPARTMENT

    OpenAIRE

    YILDIRIM, RANA; ?L?N, Gulden

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the experience of Turkish ELT students of Erasmus programme with specific reference to how they manage to adapt to a new culture. Data were collected by Socio-cultural Adaptation Scale, reports of former Erasmus students, and interviews. Consistent with the “culture shock” literature, findings reveal that students experienced problems at affective, behavioural, and cognitive levels and that they developed various strategies to handle these problems....

  11. LOCATION AS A COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE TO ATTRACT STUDENTS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY FROM A TURKISH FOUNDATION UNIVERSITY

    OpenAIRE

    Oya Tamtekin Ayd?n

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to reveal whether the location is a sustainable competitive advantage to attract the students or not. This study consists of a literature review about location in higher education area, research about a sample Turkish foundation university enrollment records and a survey on students attending a sample foundation university in Istanbul. The questionnaire method has been chosen in order to show the importance of location for a university. The students had been admit...

  12. Turkish nursing students’ perceptions and experiences of bullying behavior in nursing education

    OpenAIRE

    Serap Palaz

    2013-01-01

    Objective: This descriptive study aimed to determine the bullying and harassment experiences of nursing students’ in various Nursing Schools in Turkey.  The types and frequency of bullying behaviors, the sources of bullying behaviors, and students’ emotions towards these experiences were investigated. Methods: Study participants were 370 undergraduate nursing students from four different Turkish Nursing Schools.  To estimate bullying at nursing school I used a short version of the Nega...

  13. Prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales en los niños menores de 14 años Prevalence of dento-maxillofacial anomalies in children younger than 14 years old

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celeste García Díaz

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Las anomalías de la oclusión son la tercera causa de la pérdida de dientes en el mundo y consideradas un factor importante que atenta contra la integridad del sistema estomatognático. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 150 niños de 9 a 14 años de edad, de la escuela primaria "Pablo de la Torriente Brau" pertenecientes al área de salud de la Clínica Estomatológica "Antonio Briones Montoto" de Pinar del Río. El objetivo de esta investigación fue identificar la prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales según las variables seleccionadas, así como el comportamiento según los antecedentes patológicos individuales. La muestra se seleccionó a través de un muestreo aleatorio estratificado, proporcional al tamaño de los estratos. La información se registró en una base de datos mediante Microsoft Excel. Se realizó la comparación de proporciones de grupos independientes con el objetivo de determinar las variables de prevalencia más significativas y la prueba de Ji cuadrado para buscar la asociación entre dos variables independientes con un nivel de significación á=0.05. Las anomalías dentarias fueron las de mayor prevalencia, dentro de ellas, las versiones. El sexo más afectado fue el masculino así como el grupo de edades de 9 a 11 años de edad. Entre los factores etiológicos estudiados, los hábitos fueron los más frecuentes, seguido de los agentes físicos y la herencia. Se concluye que existe una alta prevalencia de anomalías dentarias en estrecha relación con los hábitos deformantes.The anomalies of dental occlusion are the third cause of teeth loss worldwide and are considered an important risk factor to the integrity of the stomatognathic system. A descriptive and cross-sectional research was conducted with 150 children from 9 to 14 years old who study at "Pablo de la Torriente Brau" Elementary School. This group of children belonged to "Antonio Briones Montoto" Dentistry Clinic, Pinar del Rio. This research was aimed at identifying the prevalence of dento-maxillofacial anomalies according to the chosen variables, and the behavior regarding individual pathologic records. The sample was chosen stratified at random, proportional to the size of strata. The information was collected in a database using Microsoft Excel. The comparison of independent proportion for groups and chi square test to find out the association between two independent variables with á=0.05 level of significance. Dental anomalies showed the highest prevalence, among them, the versions. Male sex and the group of ages from 9 to 11 were the most affected. Among the etiologic factors studied, deforming habits were the most frequent, followed by physical agents and inheritance. There exists a high prevalence of dental anomalies having a close relation to deforming habits.

  14. Prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales en los niños menores de 14 años / Prevalence of dento-maxillofacial anomalies in children younger than 14 years old

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Celeste, García Díaz; Yairis, Duque Alberro; Maribel, Llanes Serantes; Rosalina, Vinent González.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Las anomalías de la oclusión son la tercera causa de la pérdida de dientes en el mundo y consideradas un factor importante que atenta contra la integridad del sistema estomatognático. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 150 niños de 9 a 14 años de edad, de la escuela primaria "Pablo d [...] e la Torriente Brau" pertenecientes al área de salud de la Clínica Estomatológica "Antonio Briones Montoto" de Pinar del Río. El objetivo de esta investigación fue identificar la prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales según las variables seleccionadas, así como el comportamiento según los antecedentes patológicos individuales. La muestra se seleccionó a través de un muestreo aleatorio estratificado, proporcional al tamaño de los estratos. La información se registró en una base de datos mediante Microsoft Excel. Se realizó la comparación de proporciones de grupos independientes con el objetivo de determinar las variables de prevalencia más significativas y la prueba de Ji cuadrado para buscar la asociación entre dos variables independientes con un nivel de significación á=0.05. Las anomalías dentarias fueron las de mayor prevalencia, dentro de ellas, las versiones. El sexo más afectado fue el masculino así como el grupo de edades de 9 a 11 años de edad. Entre los factores etiológicos estudiados, los hábitos fueron los más frecuentes, seguido de los agentes físicos y la herencia. Se concluye que existe una alta prevalencia de anomalías dentarias en estrecha relación con los hábitos deformantes. Abstract in english The anomalies of dental occlusion are the third cause of teeth loss worldwide and are considered an important risk factor to the integrity of the stomatognathic system. A descriptive and cross-sectional research was conducted with 150 children from 9 to 14 years old who study at "Pablo de la Torrien [...] te Brau" Elementary School. This group of children belonged to "Antonio Briones Montoto" Dentistry Clinic, Pinar del Rio. This research was aimed at identifying the prevalence of dento-maxillofacial anomalies according to the chosen variables, and the behavior regarding individual pathologic records. The sample was chosen stratified at random, proportional to the size of strata. The information was collected in a database using Microsoft Excel. The comparison of independent proportion for groups and chi square test to find out the association between two independent variables with á=0.05 level of significance. Dental anomalies showed the highest prevalence, among them, the versions. Male sex and the group of ages from 9 to 11 were the most affected. Among the etiologic factors studied, deforming habits were the most frequent, followed by physical agents and inheritance. There exists a high prevalence of dental anomalies having a close relation to deforming habits.

  15. The relationship between body composition and physical fitness in 14 year old adolescents residing within the Tlokwe local municipality, South Africa: The PAHL study

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    Monyeki Makama

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the relationship between body composition and physical fitness in 14?year-old high school adolescents of South Africa. Baseline data from a longitudinal study on physical activity and health (PAHLS may provide valuable information for future studies, hence to inform public health policy makers. The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence of underweight, normal weight and overweight among adolescents aged 14?years in the Tlokwe Local Municipality of the North West Province of South Africa, and to assess the association between physical fitness and body composition separately for boys and girls, adjusted for race and locality. Methods Body weight, height and triceps, and subscapular skinfolds of 256 adolescents (100 boys and 156 girls aged 14?years were measured, and percentage body fat and body mass index (BMI were calculated. BMI was used to determine underweight, normal weight and overweight based on the standard criterion. Physical fitness was assessed by standing broad jump, bent arm hang and sit-ups according to the EUROFIT fitness standard procedures. Multinomial logistic regression analyses stratified for gender and adjusted for race (black or white, and the locality (urban or township of the schools were used to analyze the data. Results In the total group 35.9% were underweight and 13.7% overweight. Boys were more underweight (44% than girls (30.7%. The prevalence of overweight was 8% in boys and 17.3% in girls. BMI was strongly (p?=?0.01 related with percentage body fat. Strong and significant positive associations between physical fitness and BMI for the underweight girls with high physical fitness scores (OR, 10.69 [95%CI: 2.81-40.73], and overweight girls with high physical fitness scores (OR, 0.11 [95%CI: 0.03-0.50] were found. Non-significant weaker positive relationship between physical fitness and BMI for the underweight boys with high physical fitness scores (OR, 1.80 [95%CI: 0.63-5.09], and the overweight boys with high physical fitness scores (OR, 0.18 [95%CI: 0.02-1.78] were found. Conclusion Both underweight and overweight among boys and girls in Tlokwe Local Municipality exist, and their effects on physical fitness performances were also noticed. As such, strategic physical activity, interventions or follow-up studies recognizing this relationship particularly in the overweight adolescents are needed. In addition, authorities in health and education departments dealing with adolescents should make use of this evidence base information in policies development.

  16. Turkish School Students and Global Warming: Beliefs and Willingness to Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilinc, Ahmet; Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin

    2011-01-01

    One aim of environmental education is to persuade people to act in more pro-environmental ways. However, there is not a linear relationship between environmental knowledge "in general" and a willingness to act pro-environmentally. This research explores, using a specially-devised questionnaire, Turkish school students' beliefs about the benefits…

  17. The Effective English Language Teacher from the Perspectives of Turkish Preparatory School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arikan, Arda; Taser, Duygu; Sarac-Suzer, H. Sezgi

    2008-01-01

    In this study, Turkish EFL students' conceptualization of an effective English language teacher is studied. A survey formerly developed by Yu-Hsin (1999) was adapted and administered to 100 foreign language learners studying at two state universities' English language preparatory schools. Also, participants' written responses were collected to…

  18. Turkish University Students' Motivation to Learn English: Integration into International Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bektas-Cetinkaya, Yesim

    2012-01-01

    This article explores Turkish university students' motivation and orientations toward learning English in a globalizing world. The study utilizes questionnaire responses and a focus group interview. Factor analysis of questionnaire data revealed three independent orientations, namely, "Integration into International Community," "Integration into…

  19. Misconceptions of Students Related with the Turkish Lesson: The Grammar Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batur, Zekerya

    2014-01-01

    Grammar concepts are among the fundamental concepts of Turkish teaching. Improper teaching of them may cause the rise of certain problems in the teaching of high-level lingual concepts. What is intended herein is to identify if 6th Grade students do encounter misconceptions while learning grammar concepts. Data of the study have been obtained via…

  20. Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Civitci, Asim

    2010-01-01

    In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

  1. Slovakian and Turkish Students' Fear, Disgust and Perceived Danger of Invertebrates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prokop, Pavol; Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Fancovicova, Jana; Bahar, Mehmet

    2011-01-01

    Human perceives invertebrates less positively than vertebrates because they are small and behaviourally and morphologically unfamiliar. This cross-cultural research focused on Slovakian (n=150) and Turkish (n=164) students' fear, disgust and perceived danger regarding 25 invertebrates [including 5 disease relevant adult insects, 5 ectoparasites, 5…

  2. Unethical Computer Using Behavior Scale: A Study of Reliability and Validity on Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Namlu, Aysen Gurcan; Odabasi, Hatice Ferhan

    2007-01-01

    This study was carried out in a Turkish university with 216 undergraduate students of computer technology as respondents. The study aimed to develop a scale (UECUBS) to determine the unethical computer use behavior. A factor analysis of the related items revealed that the factors were can be divided under five headings; intellectual property,…

  3. Parental Communication and Perceived Parental Attitudes about Sexuality among Turkish College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topkaya, Nursel

    2012-01-01

    This current study was conducted to examine parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality with respect to gender among Turkish college students. Moreover, attitudes toward premarital sexuality with respect to gender were explored. A demographic data form, premarital sexual permissiveness scale, parental communication…

  4. The Consequences of Internet Cafe use on Turkish College Students' Social Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koc, Mustafa; Ferneding, Karen Ann

    2007-01-01

    This paper draws on a part of the doctoral research study that investigates the potential impacts of Internet cafe use on Turkish college students' social capital. In this study, Internet cafe usage was portrayed by the amount of time spent and the frequency of online activities engaged at the cafes. Social capital, on the other hand, was…

  5. Problematic Internet Use among Turkish University Students: A Multidimensional Investigation Based on Demographics and Internet Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tekinarslan, Erkan; Gurer, Melih Derya

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the Turkish undergraduate university students' problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.). Moreover, the study explored some predictors of…

  6. Respiratory Health Symptoms among Students Exposed to Different Levels of Air Pollution in a Turkish City

    OpenAIRE

    Günay Güngör; Sevda Özel; Özkan Ayvaz; Gaga, Eftade O.; Tuncay Dö?ero?lu; Özlem Özden; Hülya Gül

    2011-01-01

    In this study, we aimed to investigate the frequency of respiratory health symptoms among high school students attending schools at industrial, urban and rural areas in a Turkish city. Three schools located in different zones of the city having different pollution characteristics were chosen based on the pollutant distribution maps using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) software. A cross-sectional survey was performed among 667 high school students in the schools. Outdoor and indoor nit...

  7. Student Readiness for Technology Enhanced History Education in Turkish High Schools

    OpenAIRE

    ?brahim Turan

    2010-01-01

    This study examined whether the Turkish high school social sciences major students would feel adequate and fit in atechnology-enhanced educational environment, particularly in history classrooms. To this extent, this study investigated highschool students’ level of proficiency in technology-use and their attitudes toward the use of educational technologies inclassrooms. The data for this study was collected using Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory (LSI Version-3) and a 27-item TechnologyQues...

  8. Comportamiento de las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales en niños de 9 a 14 años / Behavior of dentomaxillofacial anomalies in children from 9 to 14 years old

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yairis, Duque Alberro; Arlene L, Corrales León; Yolaini, Pulido Valladares; Anay, Rezk Díaz.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales comprenden las alteraciones de crecimiento, desarrollo y fisiologísmo de los componentes anatómicos que conforman el sistema estomatognático. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 150 niños de 9 a 14 años de edad, de las escuelas atendidas en la Clínica [...] Estomatológica "Antonio Briones Montoto" de Pinar del Río, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2008 y julio de 2009, con el objetivo de identificar la prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales según las variables seleccionadas y el comportamiento según los antecedentes patológicos individuales. La muestra se seleccionó a través de un muestreo aleatorio estratificado proporcional al tamaño de los estratos. Los niños fueron examinados en sus aulas, con luz natural, usando depresores linguales. La información recogida fue recopilada en una base de datos mediante Microsoft Excel, y se procesó por el programa estadístico Statistical Package for the Social Science Versión 10.0 para Windows. Se realizó la comparación de proporciones de grupos independientes con el objetivo de determinar las variables de prevalencia más significativas y la prueba Ji cuadrado en su variante de independencia para verificar la relación entre las categorías seleccionadas. Las anomalías dentarias fueron las alteraciones más prevalentes. El sexo más afectado fue el masculino, así como el grupo de edades de 9-11 años. Entre los factores etiológicos estudiados los hábitos fueron los más frecuentes seguido de los agentes físicos. Se concluye que existe una alta prevalencia de anomalías dentarias en estrecha relación con los hábitos deformantes. Abstract in english Dentomaxillofacial anomalies include growing alterations, development and the physiology of the anatomical components that constitute the stomatognathic system. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with 150 children from 9 to 14 years old of the schools attending at "Antonio Briones Mo [...] ntoto" Dentist Clinic in Pinar del Rio, during January 2008-July 2009. The study was aimed at identifying the prevalence of dentomaxillofacial anomalies regarding chosen variables and the behavior according to individual past pathologies. The sample was taken using a stratified, at random, and proportional to the stratus size sampling. Children were examined in their classrooms, with natural light and using lingual depressor. The information was collected in a database by means of Microsoft Excel, processing it by the statistical program of Statistical Package for the Social Science, Version 10.0 to Windows. A comparison of proportions of independent groups was performed with the purpose of determining the most significant variables of prevalence and chi-square test in its variance of independence to verify the relation among the chosen categories. Dental anomalies were the most prevalent anomalies. Male sex and the age bracket of 9-11 prevailed. Among the etiological factors studied, the habits were the most frequent followed by physical agents; observing a high prevalence of dental anomalies in close relation to deforming habits.

  9. The Role of Student Background and Science Motivational Beliefs in Academic Expectations of Turkish Students in TIMSS 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Ta?, Yasemin

    2014-01-01

    The present study examined eight grade Turkish students’ academic expectations in relation to gender, home educational resources, family involvement, and motivational beliefs of self-efficacy and task value in science. Six thousand three hundred and thirty one students who participated in TIMSS 2011 consisted of the sample of the study. Logistic regression analyses results revealed that girls hold higher levels of expectations to attain university education than boys. Home educational resou...

  10. A Study on the Factors That Affect Turkish Students' Reading Comprehension Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Aslan Y.

    2011-01-01

    Most of us often seem to read a piece of text, but we usually ignore using essential reading strategies during reading process. Thus, in this study a great deal of information was given about effective reading strategies to comprehend a passage or any other reading material in both native and foreign language. This study aims to show the significance of reading comprehension and the factors that affect the reading comprehension of Turkish students who want to improve their proficiency while r...

  11. Eating habits and lifestyle in a group Turkish primary education children

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    Nazan Erenoglu

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of child obesity is increasing rapidly worldwide as well as Turkey due to skipped main meals and increased snacking. The objectives were to study the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in a group of Turkish children, and to analyze the relationship between eating habits and lifestyle and obesity. Methods: The study was carried out in 6 schools in urban regions in the city of Eskisehir, Western Turkey between February and May2008. Atotal of 1421 students aged 7 - 14 years (708 boys and 713 girls were examined. Eating habits and life-style were obtained by evaluation of a standard set of 15 questions prepared using the literature. Results: Most obese students reported having a snack in the afternoon, not spending at least five hours of leisure time per week in physical activities, being high income level, that their mother education level was university, eating less fruits, eating less vegetables, having more dessert after any meal, eating more potato chips, watching television more, living a physically active life less, less breast feeding, that their father consumed alcohol, that their father was overweight/ obese, their mother wase overweight/obese (statistically important relationships for each one. Conclusions: A small portion of 7 - 14-year-old Turkish children are at increased health risk owing to overweight and obesity in an urban po- pulation in a developing country.

  12. What are the Main Sources of Turkish EFL Students’ Anxiety in Oral Practice?

    OpenAIRE

    Gonca Suba??

    2010-01-01

    This study was designed in order to investigate two potential sources of the anxiety of Turkish learners of English in oral practice:1) an individual student’s fear of negative evaluation, and 2) his/her self-perceived speaking ability. A total of 55 first year students enrolling in Anadolu University, Education Faculty, ELT Department participated in the study. A 55-item multiple-choice survey was administered to the participants in a regular classroom hour. The survey consisted of five pa...

  13. Reliability and validity of a Self-Efficacy Scale for AIDS Prevention among Turkish university students.

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    Serap Bulduk

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This study design determined the internal consistency, validity and factorial structure of the Turkish Self-Efficacy scale for AIDS (T-SEA-27. The 27 items scale firstly was translated into Turkish using back-translation method and the cultural equivalence was provided by expert views. Secondly, the psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on 507 university students. The test-retest reliability of the intraclass correlations was satisfactory in a subsample of 60 students tested after a 2-week interval. Psychometric analysis supported the reliability and validity of the T-SEA-27 scale and four subscales: refusing sexual intercourse (a= .97, questioning potential partners (a= .90, condom use (a= .74 and family related (a= .95. The self-efficacy score was significantly higher for those studying in health sciences, those who were not sexually active and the female students. Our outcomes showed that T-SEA-27 is a valid instrument in evaluating self-efficacy for HIV/AIDS in Turkish young people.

  14. AN EVALUATION ON THE ATTITUDES OF THE STUDENTS IN SECONDARYEDUCATION TO TURKISH LITERATURE

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    Cem ERDEM

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The effective determination of education environment plays an important role in reaching the identified aims of educational activities. It can be said that the attitudes compose an important data area in turning the educational environments into these aims because attitudes which are psychological processes are directly related to success. The aim of this study is to determine the attitudes of the students in secondary education to Turkish Literature lessons. The working area designed in the survey model is composed of 400 students chosen from the secondary education in the central regions in Ankara. In this study, in determining reliability of the measurement results, Cronbach-Alfa methos is used and the value of Cronbach-Alfa is calculated as 71. It has been found out descriptive differences in the attitudes of the students in secondary education to Turkish Literature according to such factors as their type of school, class level and gender. It has been found out that the attitudes of the students in Anatolian Vocational High School and Anatolian Teacher Training High School are much more higher than the students in Anatolian and Science High School. Moreover, it has also been determined that the students consider the texts used in Turkish Literature classes as unexciting and tedious. As a result of these findings, it is suggested that the texts in the course books be prepared according to psychological conditions of the students and the necessary precautions be taken by the institutions which train teachers and related Ministries in order to increase the teachers’ competencies.

  15. Turkish nursing students’ perceptions and experiences of bullying behavior in nursing education

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    Serap Palaz

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This descriptive study aimed to determine the bullying and harassment experiences of nursing students’ in various Nursing Schools in Turkey.  The types and frequency of bullying behaviors, the sources of bullying behaviors, and students’ emotions towards these experiences were investigated. Methods: Study participants were 370 undergraduate nursing students from four different Turkish Nursing Schools.  To estimate bullying at nursing school I used a short version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire that adapted according to the earlier studies on bullying against nursing students particularly those conducted by Cooper et al. and Celik and Bayraktar. Results: A total of 222 respondents (60% reported that they had experienced at least one of the thirteen bullying behaviors at daily and weekly frequencies during the last six months. Work related bullying was the most frequently encountered type of bullying behaviors which is followed by personal related bullying behaviors. Also, an interesting result from this study is that most students reported clinic nurses as their bully, indicating that the perpetrators were mostly females and older than them. Conclusions: This study supports previous reports of bullying against Turkish student nurses and adds to the scant body of literature showing that nursing students often experience bullying and harassment from clinical nurses (horizontal bullying, and importantly, this may influence their future employment choices.

  16. Turkish Elementary and Secondary Students' Views about Science and Scientist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akcay, Behiye

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine elementary and secondary students' views concerning science and scientists. Data gathered from Draw-a-Scientist Test (DAST) and essays written by students were used to analyze their views. The study involved 359 students in grades 5 through 11. The results indicate that student's perceived scientists as to be…

  17. Views of elementary and middle school Turkish students toward environmental issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Ozgul; Boone, William J.; Andersen, Hans O.

    2004-12-01

    This study was conducted in order to identify the intensity of Turkish students' views with regard to environmental issues presented in the national curriculum and to determine how these views differ by gender, grade level, previous science achievement, socio-economic status (SES), and school location. For this project, a 51-item Attitude Toward Environmental Issues Scale (ATEIS) was created and utilized. In total, the scale involved 30 distinct environmental issues. These environmental issues are emphasized in the current Turkish science education curriculum. A total of 458 students in grade 4-8 classrooms completed the scale. Rasch analysis results indicated that, in general, the students felt environmental problems should be confronted in Turkey. But when students were presented with a range of survey items stating that a particular environmental issue should take precedence over economic growth, it was often very difficult for students to agree. On the other hand, when students were simply presented a range of survey issues concerning environmental problems in Turkey, it was easy for them to agree with the presence (or importance) of these environmental issues in Turkey. Subsequent analysis suggested that the set of ATEIS survey items were understood and functioned in a similar measurement manner for male and female students, as well as elementary and middle school students. Results of ANOVA analyses indicated that recent high achievement in science courses resulted in more positive attitudes toward environmental issues. T-test analyses revealed that the older female students of this data set exhibited more support for environmental issues than did male students. Students with high family income, and those students living in urban areas, displayed more positive attitudes toward environmental issues than did students with low family income, and those living in suburban areas.

  18. TURKISH HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ CONSIDERATIONS, EXPECTATIONS AND AWARENESS ON DISTANCE EDUCATION

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    Kursat CAGILTAY

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Quality of distance education has been improving by technological developments, experiences of educators or experts and feedbacks of learners. In order to improve the quality issues in distance education, considerations of target audiences are gaining importance to understand their considerations that might be clue for developers. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate Turkish high school students’ considerations, expectations and awareness concerning distance education, especially e-learning, and its implementations. Totally, 1224 students studying 8 different high schools from 6 cities in 4 different regions in Turkey participated to the study. Majority of the students were from computer department at Vocational High Schools. We attempted to collect data representatively in order to draw a framework about the research questions for Turkish case. Results of the study showed that students identified distance education with e-learning. Also, although students had technological competencies which are critical factors for e-learning applications, they did not prefer taking their university education with distance education program because of their habits on traditional nature of classrooms. However, they had huge tendency in terms of taking one of their courses via Internet.

  19. Food Attitudes towards Food Safety Concept among Turkish University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Nihat Aycan; Suat Türko?uz; Özlem Toku?o?lu

    2005-01-01

    This study investigated university students? food choices focusing on their reported usual intake and food safety perceptions and conducted at Manisa Celal Bayar University Engineering Faculty, Science and Art Faculty and Education Faculty students. The present study primary investigated how affects the storage style, manufacturing qualification, shelf life and food safety concept, advertisement effect on consuming, natural and fortificated foods to university students. Meanwhile, faculty dif...

  20. The Views of Student-Teachers Attending a Turkish University on Discrimination Related to the Education of Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murat, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    The current study aims to highlight how Turkish students perceive important issues such as discrimination against women, violence that surfaced as a result of discrimination, alienation, inequality between men and women and isolation of women from work life. A total of 50 students participated in the study. Individual interviews were conducted.…

  1. The Effect of Turkish Students' Motivational Beliefs on Their Metacognitive Self-Regulation in Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurcay, Deniz; Balta, Ebru

    2013-01-01

    It is emphasized in several studies that both domain specific factors and cultural values and beliefs could have an effect on students' metacognitive self-regulation and motivational beliefs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of motivational beliefs on Turkish students' metacognitive self-regulation in physics courses.…

  2. Learning Social Studies via Objects in Museums: Investigation into Turkish Elementary School Students' Lived Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Kaya; Filiz, Nilufer; Yilmaz, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Based on a descriptive phenomenological research design, this study investigated Turkish elementary school students' experiences in learning social studies via objects in museums. After students visited four different museums during the teaching of three thematic units at sixth grade level, their lived experiences were elicited. Purposeful…

  3. Student Satisfaction in Higher Education: A Turkish Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldemir, Ceyhan; Gulcan, Yaprak

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to determine the level and the factors for university students' satisfaction with the institutions they are attending. Firstly, the concept of satisfaction will be defined. Secondly, a conceptual framework to demonstrate the relationship between the factors which lie behind university student satisfaction will be…

  4. Food Attitudes towards Food Safety Concept among Turkish University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nihat Aycan

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated university students? food choices focusing on their reported usual intake and food safety perceptions and conducted at Manisa Celal Bayar University Engineering Faculty, Science and Art Faculty and Education Faculty students. The present study primary investigated how affects the storage style, manufacturing qualification, shelf life and food safety concept, advertisement effect on consuming, natural and fortificated foods to university students. Meanwhile, faculty differences, sex (male, female and age differences, living area, family features (parent living style, education, brother and sister number etc. of students were determined. In addition, consuming frequency of extensively consumed beverages (soft drinks, cola, tea, coffee, alcoholic drinks and bread as main consuming food were investigated based on sex and faculty criteria as daily, weekly, monthly.

  5. Hepatitis B Knowledge Levels of Turkish Nursing and Midwifery Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Ozer

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to determine knowledge levels of students in School of Health, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, and examine the influence of various factors on hepatitis B knowledge levels. Method: The study was conducted in the School of Health of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University between April and June 2009. All of the 296 students in the school were planned to be included in the study. Survey forms; prepared in the light of the data reported in the literature by investigators, and composed of 37 questions, were delivered to the students and they were asked to fill them out. 18.2% of the students couldn’t be reached. Thus, only 242 students (81.8% were included in the study. Results: While 87.2% of the students expressed sexual intercourse as a transmission route of HBV, 67.4% mentioned perinatal route, 96.7% expressed blood and blood products, 79.8% mentioned use of common goods such as towel and toothbrush. 78.1% of the students did not consider breast milk as a transmission route for HPV, whereas fecal-oral route, handshake-hugging, and kissing were not known to be a way of transmission for HPV in 65.7%, 86.8%, and 56.2% of the study population, respectively. Mean level of hepatitis B knowledge among students was 69.8±19.4. Knowledge score of nursing students was 1.1 points higher than that of midwifery students and the difference between them was not significant. As the college year elevated, hepatitis B knowledge scores increased as well. Conclusion: Hepatitis B knowledge score of undergraduate students in Nursing and Midwifery Departments of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, was 69.8±19.4. Since hepatitis B knowledge score raises parallel to the elevation of college year, hepatitis B education should be provided in the first year. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2011; 10(2.000: 139-144

  6. Smoking at School: Views of Turkish University Students

    OpenAIRE

    Nazmiye Erdogan; Irfan Erdogan

    2008-01-01

    The recent interest in cigarette smoking among university students has brought attention to problems concerning opinions, attitudes, prevention, health education, policy formulation and implementation. This survey research tested five hypotheses on the views of college students about smoking in school hallways and cafeteria, compliance with anti smoking laws, considering cigarette smoking as an expression of freedom of choice, teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices,...

  7. Self esteem and assertiveness of final year Turkish university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karagözo?lu, Serife; Kahve, Emine; Koç, Oznur; Adami?o?lu, Derya

    2008-07-01

    This study developed a quantitative methodology to ascertain the level of self esteem and assertiveness of last year students in baccalaureate degree programs at Cumhuriyet University Nursing School, School for Health Sciences' Midwifery School, Education Faculty's Mathematics Teacher, Classroom Teacher, and Social Sciences Teacher programs and to determine if there is a correlation between self esteem and assertiveness. The research population was a total of 372 students who were in their final year of university in these programs. Sampling was not done in the research, the entire population was studied. However there was a total of 82 students who were not included in the research because of illness, absenteeism, registration on hold, who could not be found on campus or who did not want to participate in the research and who did not correctly complete the survey form. The research was conducted with total of 290 students. Total response rate was 77.9%. The data were collected using a "Personal Information Form," Stanley Coopersmith Self Esteem Inventory (SEI) and Rathus Assertiveness Schedule (RAS). Frequency distribution, t test, correlation and variance analysis were used in the analysis of the data. The results of the study were that the nursing students had the highest scores from SEI (80.64+/-15.83). Similarly the nursing students had the highest scores on the RAS (36.29+/-25.33). PMID:17964696

  8. Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keloglu-Isler, Esra; Erdogan, Irfan

    Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male) attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire. Results of the study showed that nonsmoking students reported the most favorable opinions toward the issues questioned, whereas occasional smokers and regular smokers reported the least favorable opinions. The highest level of disagreement by smokers and nonsmokers was provided for banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria. Students generally agreed on that teachers should not smoke in the classrooms and in their offices with doors open. Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies embracing indoors and outdoors and identification and use of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation programs and services.

  9. The Role of University Education in Changing the Gender Role Perceptions of Turkish ELT Student Teachers

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    ?rem KIZILASLAN

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Despite recent improvements in demographics and educational outcomes, it is still the case that traditional expectations and attitudes toward gender roles in the Turkish society have been preserved to a great extent. Given this current position of Turkey in terms of gender issues, the transformative power of education, especially of teachers, could be emphasized more strongly at all levels of education. Therefore, it is important that teachers are trained to identify and counter gender bias to help fight the problem of sexism prevalent in the country. The purpose of this study was to compare the gender role perceptions and gender role classifications of first-year and fourth year English language teaching (ELT student teachers and to identify any difference between the two groups. The sample (N=204 for the present study was obtained from a large state university in western Turkey. Gender role orientation was assessed with the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI, Bem 1974. Findings have indicated that male student teachers still have a traditional perspective on gender roles and that university education does not seem to have a role in changing their existing value judgments in relation to gender. On the other hand, Turkish female students have adopted a more masculine gender role within the four years of their university education. Implications are included for teacher education institutions in Turkey.

  10. Effect of aromatherapy massage on dysmenorrhea in Turkish students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apay, Serap Ejder; Arslan, Sevban; Akpinar, Reva Balci; Celebioglu, Ayda

    2012-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy massage on dysmenorrhea. The study used a quasiexperimental design with the subjects as their own control. Every participant applied both aromatherapy massage with lavender oil and placebo massage with odorless liquid petrolatum [soft paraffin]. The population comprised 438 midwifery and nursing students. The 150 students who had declared that they had suffered from dysmenorrhea used a visual analog scale to indicate their level of pain. Higher scores reflected a greater severity of dysmenorrhea. Forty-four students volunteered to participate in the study. When the lavender massage and the placebo massage were compared, the visual analog scale score of the lavender massage was found to decrease at a statistically significant rate. This study showed that massage was effective in reducing dysmenorrhea. In addition, this study showed that the effect of aromatherapy massage on pain was higher than that of placebo massage. PMID:23158705

  11. Prevalence of depression among Turkish University Students and related factors

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    Fatma Akpinar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This investigation was performed to determine the prevalence rate of depression and its correlates in students at Erciyes University. Method: A total of 1003 university students at the Medical, Theology and Engineering Faculties of Erciyes University in Kayseri, Turkey were included in the study. A socio–demographic questionnaire and a Beck Depression Inventory were completed by the students. An unpaired t test, a one way ANOVA test and a logistic regression analysis were used for the statistical analyses. Results: Total numbers of male and female students in the study group were similar and the mean age was 20.3±1.8. The mean Back Depression Inventory Beck Depression Inventory score was 11.3±8.6 points and prevalence rate of depression (Beck Depression Inventory ?17 was 21.2%. The Mean Beck Depression Inventory score and depression prevalence were found higher among the students who had a physical illness, who were not satisfied with their body image or their faculty and who rated the economic level of their families as poor. Conclusion: It was concluded that approximately one–fifth of the students had depression. For the students, studying in a faculty which they are not satisfied is a major factor affecting depression. A better leadership should be provided for the students during the faculty selection procedure. Key Words: University student, depression, Beck Depression Inventory Üniversite ö?rencilerinde depresyon prevalans? ve ili?kili faktörler Amaç: Bu çal??ma, Erciyes Üniversitesi ö?rencilerinde depresyon prevalans?n? ve bununla ili?kili faktörleri belirlemek amac?yla yap?lm??t?r. Yöntem: Erciyes Üniversitesinin T?p, ?lahiyat ve Mühendislik fakültelerinde okuyan toplam 1003 ö?renci ara?t?rma kapsam?na al?nd?. Ö?rencilere sosyo-demografik anket ve Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i uyguland?. Verilerin istatistiksel analizinde unpaired t testi, tek yönlü ANOVA testi ve logistik regresyon analizi uyguland?. Bulgular: Ara?t?rma grubundaki erkek ve k?z ö?renci say?lar? birbirine yak?nd? ve ya? ortalamas? 20.3±1.8 olarak belirlendi. Ortalama BDÖ puan? 11.3±8.6 ve depresyon prevalans? (Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i puan? ?17 % 21.2 bulundu. Fiziksel hastal??? olanlarda, beden görünümünden memnun olmayanlarda, okudu?u fakülteden memnun olmayanlarda ve ailesinin ekonomik durumunu kötü olarak belirtenlerde ortalama Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i puan? ve depresyon prevalans? daha yüksek bulundu. Sonuç: Ö?rencilerin yakla??k be?te birinde depresyon vard?r. Ö?rencilerin, ho?lanmad??? bir fakültede okumalar? depresyon s?kl???n? etkileyen en önemli faktörlerden biridir. Fakülte seçimi s?ras?nda ö?rencilere daha iyi rehberlik hizmeti sa?lanmal?d?r. Anahtar Kelimeler: Üniversite ö?rencisi, depresyon, Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i

  12. STUDENTS‘ PERCEPTIONS OF CHANGE READINESS OF A TURKISH EDUCATION FACULTY REGARDING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES

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    Yavuz AKBULUT

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A recent study investigated the degree of involvement in new teaching and learning methods by the academic staff of a large privileged Turkish state university, and revealed that faculties of education and open education were better in terms of change readiness than other faculties. The current study builds on that study, and investigates the involvement of the institution and teaching staff in technology integration from observers’ perspectives through administering a personal information form and a 31-item Likert questionnaire to 475 senior students of the Faculty of Education. Findings revealed that what were reported by instructors in the previous study seem somewhat different from what is being reported by their students in the current study. More specifically, students found their instructors and the infrastructure of the faculty quite inadequate in terms of the integration of information and communication technologies (ICT within classroom settings. Implications and suggestions regarding the integration process are provided.

  13. DESEMPEÑO COGNITIVO EN PRUEBAS DE LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE 6 A 14 AÑOS ESCOLARIZADOS DE LA CIUDAD DE MEDELLÍN. COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE ON TESTS OF LANGUAGE IN 6-14-YEAR-OLD SCHOOLED CHILDREN IN THE CITY OF MEDELLIN.

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    María Cristina Giraldo García.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo presenta los resultado de investigación el cual busca describir el desempeño cognitivo de los escolares de 6 a 14 años en pruebas de lenguaje, este estudio se desarrolló con 92 participantes con diferentes estratos socioeconómicos se aplicaron pruebas de Lenguaje: Test de asociación controlada de palabras, Test de vocabulario de Boston, Token test, encontramos que las habilidades y desempeño en pruebas de lenguaje no difieren entre sexo y lateralidad, existen diferencias evidenciables en grupos de edades, con influencia del nivel educacional. Abstract This paper presents results of research which aimed to describe the cognitive performance on tests of language in 6-14-year-old. In this study, the researchers chose a sample population of 92 participants coming from different socioeconomic strata. That is why tests of language, tests of controlled association, Boston Naming Test, and Token Test were applied.

  14. DESEMPEÑO COGNITIVO EN PRUEBAS DE LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE 6 A 14 AÑOS ESCOLARIZADOS DE LA CIUDAD DE MEDELLÍN / COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE ON TESTS OF LANGUAGE IN 6-14-YEAR-OLD SCHOOLED CHILDREN IN THE CITY OF MEDELLIN

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María Cristina, Giraldo García; Paola Yulieth, Velásquez Correa; Maryoris Elena, Zapata Zabala; Elizabeth, Hoyos Zuluaga.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo presenta los resultado de investigación el cual busca describir el desempeño cognitivo de los escolares de 6 a 14 años en pruebas de lenguaje, este estudio se desarrolló con 92 participantes con diferentes estratos socioeconómicos se aplicaron pruebas de Lenguaje: Test de asocia [...] ción controlada de palabras, Test de vocabulario de Boston, Token test, encontramos que las habilidades y desempeño en pruebas de lenguaje no difieren entre sexo y lateralidad, existen diferencias evidenciables en grupos de edades, con influencia del nivel educacional. Abstract in english This paper presents results of research which aimed to describe the cognitive performance on tests of language in 6-14-year-old. In this study, the researchers chose a sample population of 92 participants coming from different socioeconomic strata. That is why tests of language, tests of controlled [...] association, Boston Naming Test, and Token Test were applied.

  15. Estado de nutrición en hierro en una población de 4 a 14 años, urbano marginal, de Lima / Iron nutrition status in 4 to 14 year-old children living in a marginal urban section in Lima

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alicia, Fernández; Luzmila, Troncoso; Violeta, Nolberto.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar el estado de nutrición en hierro en una población de 4 a 14 años. Diseño: Estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal y prospectivo. Lugar: Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Participantes: Niños, entre 4 y 14 años. Intervenciones: Se estudió 349 [...] niños, 170 de sexo masculino y 179 de sexo femenino, entre 4 y 14 años de edad, del Centro de Salud San Genaro de Villa, Chorrillos, entre setiembre 2001 y agosto 2002. Principales medidas de resultados: Estado de nutrición en hierro. Resultados: El 68,8% (240) no presentó alteración en el estado de nutrición en hierro (ENH), frente a 31,2% (109) que sí lo presentó. De los 109 niños con alteración en el ENH, 68,8% (75) clasificó en el estadio I de depleción latente (ferritina 400 ug/dL), y 8,3% (9), en el estadio III de anemia ferropénica (hemoglobina Abstract in english Objective: To determine the iron nutrition status in 4 to 14 year-old children. Design: Descriptive, observational, transversal and prospective study. Setting: Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Participants: Four to fourteen year-old children. Interventions: We studied 3 [...] 49 children 4 to 14 year-old, 170 males and 179 females, at San Genaro Health Center, Chorrillos, from September 2001 through August 2002. Main outcome measures: Iron nutritional status. Results: From these children, 68,8% (240) did not present alteration in iron nutrition status (INS), compared with 31,2% who presented this alteration. From the 109 children with iron nutrition status alteration, 68,8% (75) were stage I or latent depletion (ferritine 400 ug/dL), and 8,3% (9) were in stage III with iron deficient anemia (hemoglobin

  16. Prevalence of Symptoms of Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in 6-7 and 13-14 years old Ahvazian School children

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    Shakournia A

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: The prevalence rates of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema which are common disorders of children vary widely in different areas. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence and severity of allergic disorders among Ahvazian children by ISAAC protocol in 2006-7. Subjects and Methods: The descriptive study was conducted on primary (6-7 years and guidance (13-14 years schoolchildren who were randomly selected among Ahvaz schools by cluster sampling method. Data were collected using phase I standardized International study of asthma and Allergy in child hoos (ISAAC questionnaire which was completed by schoolchildren itself or by the parent of each child. Data were analyzed by SPSS-15 and using Chi-square test. Results: The prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema were 14.1%, 18.2% and 8.4% respectively. Sex difference was not significant, while by educational level guidance students showed significant higher prevalence for asthma and allergies (11.8% vs 16.4% P<0.01. The Prevalence of “physician diagnosed” asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema" were 8.4%, 12.3% and 5.7% respectively; guidance school children in compare to elementary school children showed higher rate in the each 3 conditions (P<0.01. Conclusion: Allergic disorders are common in Ahvaz and its prevalence is similar to those reported from other parts of Iran. The prevalence of physician diagnosed asthma was higher than that reported from other regions of Iran, but lower than those obtained from neighboring Arab countries. Sci Med J 2011; 9(6:593-603

  17. Do School Experiences Predict Life Satisfaction in Turkish College Students?

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    Umran AKIN

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to examine the predictive role of school experiences on life satisfaction. Participants were 311 college students. In this study, the Perceived School Experiences Scale and the Satisfaction with Life Scale were used. The relationships between school experiences and life satisfaction were examined using correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis. In correlation analysis, academic press, academic motivation, and school connectedness were found positively related to life satisfaction. According to regression results, academic press, academic motivation, and school connectedness predicted life satisfaction in a positive way. School experiences have explained 26% of the variance in life satisfaction. The results were discussed in the light of the related literature and dependent recommendations to the area were given.

  18. Influence of Gender, Program of Study and PC Experience on Unethical Computer Using Behaviors of Turkish Undergraduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbulut, Y.; Uysal, O.; Odabasi, H. F.; Kuzu, A.

    2008-01-01

    This study administered the unethical computer using behavior scale (UECUBS) developed by [Namlu, A.G., & Odabasi, F. (2007). Unethical computer using behavior scale: A study of reliability and validity on Turkish university students. Computers and Education, 48, 205-215.] to investigate whether gender, program of study and PC experience have an…

  19. The Effects of Counsellor Gender and Problem Type on Help-Seeking Attitudes among Turkish High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz-Gozu, Hamide

    2013-01-01

    The present study explores gender differences in help-seeking attitudes and the effects of counsellor gender and problem type on those attitudes among Turkish high school students. The Attitudes towards Seeking Help Scale and a survey instrument concerning related factors were administered to 342 adolescents. ANOVAs show that male and female…

  20. APPROACHES IN INVESTIGATING ROMANIA’S IMAGE AS A TOURIST DESTINATION AMONG THE TURKISH STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olimpia BAN

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The image of the tourist destination plays an essential role in the decision making process regarding the choice of a holiday. Image has a crucial role in the success of the destination because it influences the consumers’ satisfaction and helps in drawing up a promotion strategy for the positioning/repositioning on a certain market, branding/rebranding the tourist destination. Information from different sources contribute to the formation of the image of a certain destination, information which can be distributed into: the promotion performed by the destination; the other’s opinions (direct or indirect; mass-media and the popular culture. We intended to investigate Romania’s image a a tourist destination among the Turkish students. The results showed that the students had very poor knowledge of our country.

  1. Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in Turkish university students and assessment of associated factors

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    Topal Kenan

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many students who begin university at risky periods for OCD development cannot meet the new challenges successfully. They often seek help and apply to the university health center for psychiatric distress. We aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD at students of the Cukurova University in this cross sectional study. Methods This study was performed in the Cukurova University Faculty of Education with a population of 5500 students; the representative sample size for detecting the OCD prevalence was calculated to be 800. After collecting sociodemographic data, we questioned the students for associated factors of OCD. The General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12 and Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI, Section K were used for psychiatric evaluation. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the linkage between OCD and associated factors. Results A total of 804 university students were included in this study. The GHQ-12-positive students (241 students, 29.9% were interviewed using Section K of the CIDI (222 students, 27.6%. OCD was diagnosed in 33 (4.2% students. The Logistic regression analysis of the data showed significant associations between OCD and male gender (p:0.036, living on government dormitory (p: 0.003, living on students' house/parental house (p:0.006, having private room in the parental house (p:0.055 and verbal abuse in the family (p:0.006. Conclusion This study demonstrates a higher prevalence of OCD among a group of university students compared to other prevalence studies of OCD in Turkish society. Furthermore, our findings also suggest relationships between OCD and sociodemographic factors, as well as other environmental stress factors.

  2. Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

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    Son Osman

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public university located in the west of Turkey. Responses were analysed, using the chi-square (x2 test, t test and percent (% ratios, according to gender and consumers. Differences were considered significant for p ? 0.05. Results Of 2253 students attending the university, 1871 participated in the survey (909 men and 962 women. Overall, the prevalence of NVNM supplement use was 16.5% (16.6% in men and 16.3% in women, p The three most commonly given reasons for use were 'improvement of energy and vitality (78.6%', 'promotion of weight loss (71.1%', followed by 'enhancement of athletic performance (64.3%'. Twenty-six of the 308 reported NVNM users (26/308, 8.4% reported having experienced an adverse reaction. Television (76.3%, magazines/newspapers (41.5% and internet websites (37.3% were the most frequently used sources for obtaining information about NVNM supplements. The three most frequently used NVNM supplements were echinacea, ginseng, and gingko biloba (38.6%, 36.4%, and 32.8%, respectively. Nutritional scores were higher in NVNM supplement users than in non-users (66.510.8 vs. 62.712.7 (p Conclusion The results indicate that the prevalence of NVNM supplement use is relatively modest among Turkish university students and more information is needed on why people use particular NVNM supplements.

  3. Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

    2012-06-01

    This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children. Such a self-selected sample may represent a group of students who have a higher level of motivation to seek sources of information outside their formal education and have more access to resources than the students of low social classes. To overcome this problem, 739 students were asked to write a question that they wanted to learn from a scientist and as a result 878 questions were gathered. Those students were selected from 13 different schools at 9 cities in Turkey. These schools were selected to represent a mixture of socioeconomic areas and also to cover different students' profile. Students' questions were classified into two main categories: the field of interest and the cognitive level of the question. The results point to the popularity of biology, astrophysics, nature of scientific inquiry, technology and physics over other science areas, as well as indicating a difference in interest according to gender, grade level and the setting in which the questions were asked. However, our study suggests that only considering questions submitted to informal learning environments, such as popular science magazines or Ask-A-Scientist Internet sites has limitations and deficiencies. Other methodologies of data collection also need to be considered in designing teaching and school science curriculum to meet students' needs and interest. The findings from our study tend to challenge existing thinking from other studies. Our results show that self-generated questions asked in an informal and a formal setting have different patterns. Some aspects of students' self-generated questions and their implications for policy, science curriculum reform and teaching are discussed in this paper.

  4. How medical students use the computer and Internet at a Turkish military medical school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kir, Tayfun; Ogur, Recai; Kilic, Selim; Tekbas, Omer Faruk; Hasde, Metin

    2004-12-01

    The aim of this study was to determine how medical students use the computer and World Wide Web at a Turkish military medical school and to discuss characteristics related to this computer use. The study was conducted in 2003 in the Department of Public Health at the Gulhane Military Medical School in Ankara, Turkey. A survey developed by the authors was distributed to 508 students, after pretest. Responses were analyzed statistically by using a computer. Most of the students (86.4%) could access a computer and the Internet and all of the computers that were used by students had Internet connections, and a small group (8.9%) had owned their own computers. One-half of the students use notes provided by attending stuff and textbooks as assistant resources for their studies. The most common usage of computers was connecting to the Internet (91.9%), and the most common use of the Internet was e-mail communication (81.6%). The most preferred site category for daily visit was newspaper sites (62.8%). Approximately 44.1% of students visited medical sites when they were surfing. Also, there was a negative correlation between school performance and the time spent for computer and Internet use (-0.056 and -0.034, respectively). It was observed that medical students used the computer and Internet essentially for nonmedical purposes. To encourage students to use the computer and Internet for medical purposes, tutors should use the computer and Internet during their teaching activities, and software companies should produce assistant applications for medical students. Also, medical schools should build interactive World Wide Web sites, e-mail groups, discussion boards, and study areas for medical students. PMID:15646190

  5. Assessing the Validity and Reliability of a Questionnaire on Dietary Fibre-related Knowledge in a Turkish Student Population

    OpenAIRE

    Deniz, Melike S.; Alsaffar, Ayten A.

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to validate a questionnaire on dietary fibre (DF)-related knowledge in a Turkish student population. Participants (n=360) were either undergraduate students who have taken a nutrition course for 14 weeks (n=174) or those in another group who have not taken such a nutrition course (n=186). Test-retest reliability, internal reliability, and construct validity of the questionnaire were determined. Overall internal reliability (Cronbach's alpha=0.90) and test-retest reliability (...

  6. THE COOPERATION AND DETERMINATION OF PERSONAL INTEGRATION LEVELS OF TURKISH STUDENTS ACCORDING TO THEIR SPORTS PARTICIPATION LEVEL

    OpenAIRE

    Kuru, Emin; Duman, Savas?

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this research is to determine and the personal integration levels of Turkish students who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and who not doing sports living in Germany. This research includes 440 students studying in schools determined by Republic of Turkey, Embassy of Munich, Office of Education Attache who inhabit in Munich and its surroundings and who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and not doing sports. In this research, “Personal Information Form” and “ Hace...

  7. LOCATION AS A COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE TO ATTRACT STUDENTS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY FROM A TURKISH FOUNDATION UNIVERSITY

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    Oya Tamtekin Ayd?n

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to reveal whether the location is a sustainable competitive advantage to attract the students or not. This study consists of a literature review about location in higher education area, research about a sample Turkish foundation university enrollment records and a survey on students attending a sample foundation university in Istanbul. The questionnaire method has been chosen in order to show the importance of location for a university. The students had been admitted to a foundation university in the 2013-2014 period when within the same universities various departments almost the same score in exam were included in the study. The results of study indicate the location affects the students’ university choice decision and so it is a kind of sustainable competitive advantage for this sample university. This paper proposes the location has an important effect to attract the students to universities. This will help the university manager’s decision-making on the strategic planning. This study has revealed one important competitive advantage criteria for foundation universities.

  8. Friendship, perceived mattering and happiness: a study of American and Turkish college students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Melik?ah; Ozen, Ayça; Do?an, Aysun

    2012-01-01

    Although it is well established that friendship is a consistent correlate of happiness, less is known about how friendship experiences might promote happiness. The current investigation addressed this gap by testing a mediational model proposing that perceived mattering explains the association of friendship quality with happiness among college students in Turkey and the United States. An alternative model suggesting friendship quality as the mediator was also tested to enhance confidence in the proposed model. SEM analyses revealed that perceived mattering mediated the association of friendship with happiness only in the American sample. In the Turkish sample, friendship quality mediated the association between mattering and happiness. Findings highlight the importance of cross-cultural research and suggest that the underlying processes and psychological mechanisms related to the friendship-happiness link might be different in different cultures. PMID:22931003

  9. Clínica y epidemiología de las infecciones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años / Clinics and Epidemiology of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yamilka, Oliva González; Manuel, Piloto Morejón; Paulina, Iglesias Gómez.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: las infecciones respiratorias agudas altas o bajas constituyen un complejo sindrómico que agrupa entidades clínicas con gran diversidad epidemiológica y de agentes causales, lo cual hace difícil su prevención y control. Objetivo: realizar un estudio clínico-epidemiológico de las infecc [...] iones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años. Material y método: se realizó una investigación observacional, analítica, de casos-controles en cuatro consultorios de tipo I pertenecientes al policlínico Raúl Sánchez del municipio Pinar del Río en el período febrero/2010-octubre/2011. El universo estuvo conformado por los pacientes que acudieron a los consultorios, asignándose al grupo estudio (casos) aquellos con infección respiratoria aguda de 0-14 años de edad (n=272) y por cada paciente del grupo estudio se seleccionó uno de la misma edad sin la enfermedad atendido posteriormente (controles). Resultados: las infecciones respiratorias altas fueron las más frecuentes (88,2 %) y dentro de ellas el catarro común; la edad 5-14 años la más afectada (63,2 %), los síntomas más frecuentes: secreción nasal (56,3%), fiebre (48,8%) y tos (40%); los factores de riesgo individuales más importantes: no lactancia materna exclusiva (OR=4,6) y peso Abstract in english Introduction: acute upper and low respiratory tract infections constitute a complex of various illnesses that group clinical entities having a great diversity of epidemiological and underlying agents, which difficult the processes of prevention and control. Objective: to carry out a clinical-epidemi [...] ological study of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old. Material and method: an observational, analytical of case-control research in four type-1 doctor’s offices belonging to “Raul Sanchez” outpatient clinic in Pinar del Rio municipality during February 2010-October 2011. The target group involved the patients attending to the doctor’s offices, assigning to the study-group (cases) those suffering from acute respiratory tract infections from 0-14 years old (n=272) and per each patient who comprised the study-group one of the same ages not including the disease was subsequently chosen (control group). Results: upper respiratory infections were the most frequent (88,2%) and among them common flu; the most affected ages were from 5-14 (63,2%), and the most repeated symptoms: nasal secretions (56,3%), fever (48,8%) and cough (40%); the most important risk factors: not exclusive breast feeding (OR=4,6) and

  10. Respiratory Health Symptoms among Students Exposed to Different Levels of Air Pollution in a Turkish City

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    Günay Güngör

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we aimed to investigate the frequency of respiratory health symptoms among high school students attending schools at industrial, urban and rural areas in a Turkish city. Three schools located in different zones of the city having different pollution characteristics were chosen based on the pollutant distribution maps using Geographical Information Systems (GIS software. A cross-sectional survey was performed among 667 high school students in the schools. Outdoor and indoor nitrogen dioxide (NO2 and ozone (O3 concentrations were also measured by passive samplers in the same schools to investigate possible routes of exposure. Chronic pulmonary disease (OR = 1.49; 95%CI: 1.11–1.99; p = 0.008, tightness in the chest (OR = 1.57; 95%CI: 1.22–2.02; p = 0.001, morning cough (OR = 1.81 95%CI: 1.19–2.75; p = 0.006 were higher among students in the industrial zone where nitrogen dioxide and ozone levels were also highest. There were no indoor sources of nitrogen dioxide and ozone exists in the schools except for the dining hall. As a conclusion, this study has noticed that air pollution and respiratory health problems among high school students are high in industrial zones and the use of passive samplers combined with GIS is an effective tool that may be used by public health researchers to identify pollutant zones and persons at risk.

  11. Determination of the Turkish primary students' views about the particulate nature of matter

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    Haluk ÖZMEN

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine 4th, 5th, and 6th grade Turkish primary students’ conceptions about the particulate nature of matter via a test. The test consists of 36 items related to the changes of microscopic properties of solid, liquid and gas matters during phase changing, cooling, heating and pressing of them. The sample of the study consists of 411 students, 139 of them are from grade 4, 121 of them are from grade 5 and 151 of them are from grade 6. The answers given to test have shown that the understanding levels of students in all grades about the microscopic properties of matter are quite low; they had little knowledge or misconceptions about the microscopic properties of the particles such as the order of the particles, spaces between particles, the number of particles, the size of particles and the movement of the particles; and progression of students’ conceptions on the particulate nature of matter is multifaceted.

  12. What are the Main Sources of Turkish EFL Students’ Anxiety in Oral Practice?

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    Gonca Suba??

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed in order to investigate two potential sources of the anxiety of Turkish learners of English in oral practice:1 an individual student’s fear of negative evaluation, and 2 his/her self-perceived speaking ability. A total of 55 first year students enrolling in Anadolu University, Education Faculty, ELT Department participated in the study. A 55-item multiple-choice survey was administered to the participants in a regular classroom hour. The survey consisted of five parts: Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE, Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS, Self-Rating Can-Do Scale (SR-CDS, Self-Rating for the Current Level of Study (SR-CL, Self-Rating Perception by the English (SR-EPE. The Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analyses were run for the statistical interpretation of the data. To achieve valid and reliable results, 15 students were also randomly chosen to conduct an interview in order to find out their reasons for being anxious in using English. The students’ responses given to the survey were probed to have a better understanding of sources leading to high anxiety. The results of the study indicated a positive correlation between an individual’s fear of negative evaluation and his/her anxiety level. Moreover, the findings of the current study revealed that there were significant negative relationships between anxiety and three of self-ratings; SR-CDS, SR-CL and SR-EPE. In addition, it was showed that among the FNE and the three self-ratings of English speaking ability, the combination of the FNE, the SR-CL and SR-CDS was the most appropriate model of predictors of anxiety level of this sample. Finally, the analysis of interview data provided valuable information about the main sources of the students’ anxiety in oral practice such as: personal reasons, teachers’ manners, teaching procedures, and previous experience.

  13. THE COOPERATION AND DETERMINATION OF PERSONAL INTEGRATION LEVELS OF TURKISH STUDENTS ACCORDING TO THEIR SPORTS PARTICIPATION LEVEL

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    Emin KURU

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to determine and the personal integration levels of Turkish students who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and who not doing sports living in Germany. This research includes 440 students studying in schools determined by Republic of Turkey, Embassy of Munich, Office of Education Attache who inhabit in Munich and its surroundings and who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and not doing sports. In this research, “Personal Information Form” and “ Hacettepe Personality Inventory” were used as data gathering tool. As a result of research, if averages of Hacettepe Personality Inventory (HPI subscale point are analyzed in terms of sex,age and type of school, it is apparent that points of students who doing sports are higher than the points of students who not doing sport; in other words students who doing sports are more adaptable than the students who not doing sports.

  14. The Effect of Problem Solving Teaching with Texts of Turkish Lesson on Students’ Problem Solving Skills

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    Havva ILGIN

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In this research, by carrying out activities based on texts, effect of providing problem solving skill on students’ levels of problem solving attainment was tried to be identified. Research was performed according to pretest-posttest Experimental Model with Control Group, in 2008-2009 educational year at second grade of an elementary school in Denizli province. For nine weeks, four hours in a week, while teacher guide book was being followed in control group in Turkish language lesson, texts were carried out with problem solving activities in experimental group. In the research, “Problem Solving Test” which were used as data collection tools, were developed by benefiting from matching of attainment-problem solving steps-cognitive domain steps. Problem Solving Test is made up of 16 multiple choice and 9 open ended questions. In the analysis of data, t test was used. It was found that problem solving teaching succeeded at “identifying different possible solutions in the light of collected data, applying the decided way of solution, evaluating types of solutions, evaluating used problem solving method” stages of problem solving.

  15. Approaches of elementary school students towards the lesson of Ataturk’s principles and history of Turkish Revolution of the Turkish Republic

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    Bengül Salman Bolat

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available It can be said that French Revolution, broke out in 1789, affected Europe deeply in freedom, equality, particularly with the ideas of nationalism. New values were introduced with the nationalism. With the new symbols, national states sought to give the community a new identity. Within this new formation, political powers in the adoption by the community and in its efforts to provide legitimacy, transfer tools to future generations are extremely important. In this context, the teaching of history is of great importance. In this study, a field survey was conducted on the lesson called Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution which have aims such as being able to teach the stages of foundation of the Republic of Turkey and to transfer the information to future generations. In that study, it was also aimed to find out information about the methodology of the lesson which has great importance on the development of the consciousness of Nationalism and citizenship and about founder of Turkish republic Ataturk. In this study a survey model was used. The students, who were studying in K?r?ehir in the 2010-2011 academic years, set the population of the survey. To collect data in the survey, a questioner is used with the aim of discovering the opinions of the students about the course of “Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution. In the analysis, the t-test is used and the method of single factor variance analysis (ANOVA and percentage frequency is used.

  16. Impacto de la salud bucal en la calidad de vida de escolares de 11 a 14 años, Licantén, 2013 / Oral health impact on the quality of life of 11 to 14 year-old schoolchildren, Licantén, 2013

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ximena, Moreno Ruiz; Constanza, Vera Abara; Ricardo, Cartes-Velásquez.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción La salud bucal forma parte de la salud general, siendo reconocida como un componente esencial para la calidad de vida. Se ha desarrollado hace algunos años el concepto de «calidad de vida relacionada con la salud bucal», para esto se han creado diferentes índices enfocados en adultos y [...] niños. Para estos últimos se desarrolló el Child- Oral index in Daily Performances (Child-OIDP), el cual consta de 8 dimensiones que evalúan el impacto de la salud bucal en la realización de sus actividades diarias. Objetivo Evaluar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud bucal a través del índice Child-OIDP en escolares de 11 a 14 años de la comuna de Licantén en el 2013. Metodología Se utilizó la encuesta Child-OIDP en la totalidad de 203 escolares de 11 a 14 años del sector urbano de la comuna. Se realizó un análisis exploratorio de los datos determinando medidas de distribución por frecuencia y porcentaje, y promedios con su desviación estándar. Las diferencias en los valores del Child-OIDP se determinaron con test no paramétricos: chi cuadrado, Kruskal-Wallis y Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon, todas con un nivel de significación de p Abstract in english Introduction Oral health is part of the general health status, being recognized as an essential component of quality of life. Some years ago the concept of "Oral health-related quality of life" was introduced and several indices have been created focusing on its assessment in adults and children. Fo [...] r the latter the Child- Oral index in Daily Performances (Child-OIDP) was developed, which consists of 8 dimensions that assess the impact of oral health in performing daily activities. Objective To evaluate the oral health-related quality of life using the Child-OIDP index in schoolchildren from 11-14 years old in Licantén, 2013. Methodology The Child-OIDP questionnaire was used on a sample of 203 schoolchildren aged 11 to 14 years from the urban sector of the community. An exploratory analysis of the data for determining frequency and percentage distribution, and means with standard deviation was performed. Differences in Child-OIDP values were determined using non-parametric tests: chi-square, Kruskal Wallis, and Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon, all with a significance level of p

  17. Identifying Students' Misconceptions about Nuclear Chemistry: A Study of Turkish High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakiboglu, Canan; Tekin, Berna Bulbul

    2006-01-01

    This study represents the first attempt to elucidate and detail the types of misconceptions high school students hold relating to basic concepts and topics of nuclear chemistry. A diagnostic multiple-choice test was administered to 157 tenth-grade students (15-16 years old) and the data were analyzed. The results show that high school students…

  18. An investigation of students’ life satisfaction and loneliness level in a sample of Turkish students

    OpenAIRE

    Songül Tümkaya; Birsel Aybek

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the correlation between the life satisfaction and loneliness levels of students of Faculty of Education with respected to age and gender variables. The participants are students at the Educational Faculty of Çukurova University in Adana/Turkey. The sample consists of 422 students, 223 female and 199 male. Their life satisfaction and loneliness levels were measured by the "UCLA Loneliness Scale" and "Life Satisfaction Scale", also "Personal Information Form" is used to...

  19. Examination of psychometric properties of the Turkish version form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire in university students

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    fatma sapmaz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: It is aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Turkish form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ in this study. Method: The participants of the study are constituted by 491 university students studying in Sakarya University Education Faculty in 2011-2012 education year. All of the participants were subjected to the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ and randomly selected 173 participants were subjected to the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS, Life Orientation Test (LOT, Positive-Negative Affect Scale (PANAS and Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS besides (OHQ. Firstly, linguistic equivalence of the scale was examined. After ensuring the linguistic equivalence, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis methods were used to examine the structural validity of OHQ and for criterion related validity, the correlations of OHQ with other measuring methods used within the study were checked. The reliability of OHQ was examined with composite reliability, internal consistency and split-half methods. Findings: According to exploratory factor analysis results, a structure whose eigen value was 8.3 and which explained 29.84% of total variance was obtained. It was seen that the factor loads of the scale varied between 0.32 and 0.77. The findings obtained as a result of confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the one-factor structure of the scale was retained in the sample comprising Turkish university students. As a result of the analysis for criterion related validity, significant relations were found between OHQ and other measuring means evaluating happiness and optimism. In structural reliability analysis, Cronbach alpha internal consistency coefficient of OHQ was found 0.91 and reliability coefficient obtained with test half-life method was found 0.86 and composite reliability of the scale was found 0.91. Conclusion: The findings obtained in this study indicate that Turkish form of OHQ has a one-factor structure and this form can be used as a valid and reliable measuring means in evaluating happiness in university students.

  20. THE EFFECT OF A FIGURE WHERE SYMMETRY USED IN TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS IS APPLIED ON WRITING SKILLS OF TURKISH LANGUAGE AND PRIMARY MATHEMATICS TEACHING 1ST GRADE STUDENTS

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    Mine AKTA?

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available With this study, it is aimed to afford an artistic development for science of mathematics with using literary language and learn with associating visual themes and imaginariness in essays. In the study, different written expression works, which are composed about same symmetric figure, of first grade preservice teachers of Turkish Language and Mathematics Teaching are compared.This study will put forth the grasp of communication skill of preservice students who are implementers of new program of Turkish and Mathematics lesson used from 2005 and in which the importance of this skill is emphasized. Also this study will contribute education of preservice students henceforwards.

  1. Psychometric Analysis of the Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM Among Turkish Undergraduate Students

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    Tayfun Do?an

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Interpersonal sensitivity is, undue and excessive awareness of and sensitivity to, the behavior and feelings of others. The Interpersonal Sensitivity Measure (IPSM is a self-reported scale developed by Boyce and Parker (1989 to measure hypersensitivity to interpersonal relations. The aim of the present study is to adapt the IPSM into Turkish. The validity of the IPSM is investigated by confirmatory (CFA and exploratory (EFA factor analyses and criterion-related validity. The result of the CFA suggested that the original factor structure of the IPSM does not fit the present data. The EFA revealed a new three-factor structure for the IPSM. The reliability of the IPSM is investigated by computing internal consistency. Results showed that the Turkish IPSM had a high internal consistency (Cronbach alpha = .81. The psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the IPSM showed a satisfactory level of reliability and validity.

  2. Cefalometría lateral de Ricketts en adolescentes de 12 a 14 años con oclusión normal, 2001-2003 / Rickett´s lateral cephalometry in 12-14 years-old adolescents with normal occlusion, 2001-2003

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Zoila Rosa, Podadera Valdés; Francisco Luis, Rodríguez Díaz; Teddy Osmín, Tamargo Barbeito; Santa, González Corrales.

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal en niños de 12 a 14 años de edad del área de salud perteneciente a la Clínica Estomatológica Docente "Ormani Arenado", en el período comprendido de julio de 2001 a julio de 2003, con el objetivo de describir el comportamiento de las normas cefalométrica [...] s del análisis lateral de Ricketts. El universo estuvo constituido por 1 683 niños matriculados en los centros de educación primaria y secundaria de dicha área de salud, de los cuales se obtuvo una muestra por factibilidad de 50 niños (21 masculinos y 29 femeninos) con oclusión normal, sin antecedentes de haber recibido tratamiento ortodóncico. Se examinaron los niños objeto de estudio y se analizaron las variables: edad, sexo, medidas del cefalograma lateral de Ricketts y biotipo facial. El análisis estadístico se realizó mediante tablas de distribución de frecuencia, estadígrafos de tendencia central, de dispersión y coeficiente de correlación de Pearson. Se obtuvo que existió coincidencia en el comportamiento del crecimiento mandibular con lo propuesto por Ricketts en los grupos de edad de 12 y 14 años, mientras que en el de 13 años, se observó un retrognatismo mandibular. Además, se pusieron de manifiesto las características de protrusión maxilar, mesogresión, vestibuloversión de incisivos y protrusión labial marcadas en la muestra estudiada. Se observó una elevada correlación entre las distintas variables que determinan el biotipo facial. En la distribución biotipológica el patrón más representado fue el mesofacial, seguido por el dolicofacial. Se concluye que existieron variaciones en nuestra población en cuanto a las medidas del cefalograma lateral propuesto por Ricketts que representa el estándar internacional. Abstract in english A descriptive cross-sectional study of 12-14 years-old adolescents from the health care area cared for by "Ormani Arenado" teaching dental clinic was carried out from July 2001 to July 2003, with the objective of describing the behavior of Rickett´s lateral analysis cephalometric standards. The univ [...] erse of study was composed by 1 683 children studying in elementary and junior high schools of the said health care area, from whom a sample of 50 children (21 males and 29 females) with normal occlusion and no history of prior orthodontic treatment was taken by a feasibility method. The children under study were examined on the basis of the following variables: age, sex, Rickett´s lateral cephalogram measures and facial biotype. The statistical analysis was based on frequency distribution tables, central tendency stadigraph, dispersion tables and Pearson´s correlation coefficient. It was found that the behavior of jaw development matched with Rickett´s standards in 12 y and 14 y age groups whereas the 13-y age group showed mandible retrognathism. Maxillary protrusion, mesogression, vestibuloversion of incisors and lip protrusion were marked characteristics observed in the studied samples. There was high correlation among the variables determining the facial biotype. The mesofacial pattern followed by the dolichofacial pattern prevailed in biotypological distribution. It was concluded that some variations were observed in our population in comparison with Rickett´s lateral cephalogram measures that represent the international standard.

  3. Cefalometría lateral de Ricketts en adolescentes de 12 a 14 años con oclusión normal, 2001-2003 Rickett´s lateral cephalometry in 12-14 years-old adolescents with normal occlusion, 2001-2003

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    Zoila Rosa Podadera Valdés

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal en niños de 12 a 14 años de edad del área de salud perteneciente a la Clínica Estomatológica Docente "Ormani Arenado", en el período comprendido de julio de 2001 a julio de 2003, con el objetivo de describir el comportamiento de las normas cefalométricas del análisis lateral de Ricketts. El universo estuvo constituido por 1 683 niños matriculados en los centros de educación primaria y secundaria de dicha área de salud, de los cuales se obtuvo una muestra por factibilidad de 50 niños (21 masculinos y 29 femeninos con oclusión normal, sin antecedentes de haber recibido tratamiento ortodóncico. Se examinaron los niños objeto de estudio y se analizaron las variables: edad, sexo, medidas del cefalograma lateral de Ricketts y biotipo facial. El análisis estadístico se realizó mediante tablas de distribución de frecuencia, estadígrafos de tendencia central, de dispersión y coeficiente de correlación de Pearson. Se obtuvo que existió coincidencia en el comportamiento del crecimiento mandibular con lo propuesto por Ricketts en los grupos de edad de 12 y 14 años, mientras que en el de 13 años, se observó un retrognatismo mandibular. Además, se pusieron de manifiesto las características de protrusión maxilar, mesogresión, vestibuloversión de incisivos y protrusión labial marcadas en la muestra estudiada. Se observó una elevada correlación entre las distintas variables que determinan el biotipo facial. En la distribución biotipológica el patrón más representado fue el mesofacial, seguido por el dolicofacial. Se concluye que existieron variaciones en nuestra población en cuanto a las medidas del cefalograma lateral propuesto por Ricketts que representa el estándar internacional.A descriptive cross-sectional study of 12-14 years-old adolescents from the health care area cared for by "Ormani Arenado" teaching dental clinic was carried out from July 2001 to July 2003, with the objective of describing the behavior of Rickett´s lateral analysis cephalometric standards. The universe of study was composed by 1 683 children studying in elementary and junior high schools of the said health care area, from whom a sample of 50 children (21 males and 29 females with normal occlusion and no history of prior orthodontic treatment was taken by a feasibility method. The children under study were examined on the basis of the following variables: age, sex, Rickett´s lateral cephalogram measures and facial biotype. The statistical analysis was based on frequency distribution tables, central tendency stadigraph, dispersion tables and Pearson´s correlation coefficient. It was found that the behavior of jaw development matched with Rickett´s standards in 12 y and 14 y age groups whereas the 13-y age group showed mandible retrognathism. Maxillary protrusion, mesogression, vestibuloversion of incisors and lip protrusion were marked characteristics observed in the studied samples. There was high correlation among the variables determining the facial biotype. The mesofacial pattern followed by the dolichofacial pattern prevailed in biotypological distribution. It was concluded that some variations were observed in our population in comparison with Rickett´s lateral cephalogram measures that represent the international standard.

  4. Association of parents' nutritional status, and sociodemographic and dietary factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old Associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas e dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7 a 14 anos

    OpenAIRE

    Carla de Oliveira Bernardo; Francisco de Assis Guedes de Vasconcelos

    2012-01-01

    To assess the association of parents' nutritional status, and dietary and sociodemographic factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren in Florianópolis Island, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, this cross-sectional epidemiological study examined 2,826 schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old, classified according to body mass index curves for age and sex recommended by the International Obesity Task Force. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression. The final model showed overweight/obesity in boy...

  5. Students and Teachers' Perceptions on Technology-Enhanced Turkish Language Learning Environment in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Hasan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine learners' and instructors' perceptions about technology-enhanced learning environment. This study uses both quantitative and qualitative methods. A Likert-scale survey was developed and administered to 48 Turkish language learners in various language courses in Istanbul to investigate their…

  6. European Language Portfolio in Turkish High Schools: Attitudes of EFL Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Göksu, Ali

    2015-01-01

    European Language Portfolio (ELP), adopting a vision for a better language teaching and learning process, has been piloted and implemented in many Turkish foreign language classrooms for over a decade. In spite of the several studies related to the ELP focusing on learner autonomy, speaking skills and course books, only few studies aimed at…

  7. The severity of Internet addiction risk and its relationship with the severity of borderline personality features, childhood traumas, dissociative experiences, depression and anxiety symptoms among Turkish university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalbudak, Ercan; Evren, Cuneyt; Aldemir, Secil; Evren, Bilge

    2014-11-30

    The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of Internet addiction (IA) risk with the severity of borderline personality features, childhood traumas, dissociative experiences, depression and anxiety symptoms among Turkish university students. A total of 271 Turkish university students participated in this study. The students were assessed through the Internet Addiction Scale (IAS), the Borderline Personality Inventory (BPI), the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). The rates of students were 19.9% (n=54) in the high IA risk group, 38.7% (n=105) in the mild IA risk group and 41.3% (n=112) in the group without IA risk. Correlation analyses revealed that the severity of IA risk was related with BPI, DES, emotional abuse, CTQ-28, depression and anxiety scores. Univariate covariance analysis (ANCOVA) indicated that the severity of borderline personality features, emotional abuse, depression and anxiety symptoms were the predictors of IAS score, while gender had no effect on IAS score. Among childhood trauma types, emotional abuse seems to be the main predictor of IA risk severity. Borderline personality features predicted the severity of IA risk together with emotional abuse, depression and anxiety symptoms among Turkish university students. PMID:25023365

  8. Gender-related beliefs of Turkish female science teachers and their effect on interactions with female and male students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uysal, Sibel

    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between Turkish female science teachers' gender-related beliefs and those teachers' corresponding interaction with their male and female students. The data was collected from five different sources: Surveys, interviews, observations, chi square data from the observation phase, and interviews with selected teachers. The data was analyzed using the Ericson interpretive method of socio-cultural theories which provided a framework for understanding the development of teacher beliefs and their interactions with their students. In this study, the survey revealed three types of teachers ranging from traditional, moderate to modern. Moderate teachers exhibited characteristics that were on a continuum between the traditional and modern teachers. Traditional teachers believed that males and females should have certain defined roles. Females should be responsible for taking care of the needs of their children and their husbands. By comparison, modern teachers did not assign specific roles to either males or females. With regard to the role of women in science, traditional teachers believed that female scientists could not be as successful as male scientists. By comparison, modern teachers believed that female scientists could be as successful as male scientists. Modern teachers did indicate that they thought females needed to work harder than males to prove themselves. When it came to the teachers' views and beliefs regarding their female and male students' success in their science classrooms, traditional teachers believed that their male students were brighter than their female students. They also believed that female students excelled only because they worked harder. Modern teachers believed that success is dependent on each student's background and his or her interest in science. Classroom observation indicated that traditional and modern teachers interacted differently with their male and female students. Traditional teachers provided more speaking time to male students and permitted male students to ask more questions than their female students. Modern teachers, on the other hand, paid equal attention to all their students. Both groups' belief systems were apparent and impacted their interactions with their students.

  9. The Europeanisation of German Ethnic Identities: The Case of German and Turkish Students in Two Stuttgart Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faas, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    Germany's national (or ethnic) identity has become thoroughly European and there are even signs of Eurocentrism. This is particularly problematic for the Turkish Muslims who, arguably, are not European. This article explores how fifteen-year-old German and Turkish youth in two Stuttgart secondary schools, one in a predominantly working-class area…

  10. CreatIng Web-based Math learnIng tool for TURKISH mIddle school students: Webquest

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    Aytac KURTULUS

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Internet is the most important product for the computer technology and it began to be used in many fields. Especially in the recent years, the usage of Internet has increased in the fields of communication, entertainment, advertisement, media, and technology. In Turkey, the usage of Internet is not used very common and active in primary and secondary education. The fast developments of the new technologies and the Web-Based Education Systems must be increased the importance of giving courses. In this study, the information to be aimed at is to introduce the WebQuest system, which was developed at San Diego State University by Bernie Dodge. A webQuest can be used web-based math learning tool for Turkish middle school students. Therefore, an example of geometry education WebQuest is given to introduce WebQuest system because WebQuest will be active in geometry teaching similar to the other subjects. An overview of WebQuest technology application and several resources for teachers and students interested in creating WebQuests can be found on The WebQutest Page (Dodge, 2001. Table 1 lists web sites that have many of these resources.

  11. Quantity versus Quality in Turkish Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arslan, Hasan

    This paper asserts that there have not been adequate studies about the comparative quality of Turkish universities to provide information and data for prospective students, advisors, university administrators, and policymakers. Turkey has more than 70 state and private universities. Most of these are relatively new, although Turkish higher…

  12. Mathematics Anxiety Among 4th And 5th Grade Turkish Elementary School Students

    OpenAIRE

    Fulya Yüksel-?ahin

    2008-01-01

    Using a sample of 4th and 5th graders, this study investigated whether students’ mathematics anxiety differed significantly according to a group of variables. A total of 249 students participated in the study. “The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for Elementary School Students” and “The Personal Information Form” were used for data collection. Independent samples t-tests, Oneway Anova and Schefee test were used to analyze the data. Results showed that students’ mathematics anxiety diffe...

  13. Turkish delight

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article focuses on the opening up of the Turkish energy markets to international investment in an effort to join the European Union. The implementation of the EU's Directive on internal electricity markets, the benefits gained by globalisation, the growth in the Turkish electricity market, the control of power supply and distribution, generating capacity, the infrastructure needed to satisfy demand, moves towards privatisation, and joint venture with local companies are discussed. Estimates of Turkey's power demand, its strategic location, and foreign companies interested in the power market are considered. (uk)

  14. Is the Quality of Life of Turkish Smoker Students Different from Those Non-Smokers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unalan, Demet; Somunoglu, Sinem; Dikmetas, Elif; Elmali, Ferhan

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate whether smoking affects the quality of life of the students at Medical Documentation and Secreteriat Program (MDS) of Health Services Vocational Colleges. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the questionnaire has been applied to 147 (73,5 %) students out of 200 MDS students. As data collecting…

  15. Attitudes of Turkish Medical and Law Students towards the Organ Donation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sa?iro?lu, M.; Günay, O.; Balci, E.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Attitudes of medical and law personnel towards organ donation are very important. Objective: To compare the attitudes of the medical and law students towards organ donation. Methods: 498 students in the 1st and 4th grades of the medical and law faculties of Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey, in 2011–12 academic year, were included in this study. A questionnaire consisting of 31 questions on socio-demographic characteristics of the students and their attitudes towards organ donation and transplantation was administered to the participants. Results: The percentage of the students who donated organs was 1%. Approximately, 48% of the medical students and 34% of the law students stated that they think to donate organs. The percentage of the students with a positive attitude towards organ donation was found significantly higher among the medical students than the law students, and higher among the 4th grade compared to the 1st grade. Conclusion: The percentages of the students who have donated organs and think to donate are rather low. Medical students’ attitude towards organ donation was more positive than the law students. PMID:25737771

  16. Turkish Student Teachers' Ideas about Diagrams of a Flower and a Plant Cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topsakal, Unsal Umdu; Oversby, John

    2012-01-01

    In the present study, the understandings of student teachers (training for the primary phase and Master's degree students from a primary science and technology education department) about flowers and plant cells using the method of drawing in combination with interviews are explored. The data were gathered from 116 student teachers and 10 Master's…

  17. Student Perspectives on Study Skills in a Turkish State Secondary School Sample from Adana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmut O?uz Kutlu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The primary aim of this study was to examine the preferences of 8th grade students who had high academic grades inseveral study skills categories. The study group consisted of 23 8th grade students who were attending a statesecondary school in the province of Adana, Turkey, during the 2012-2013 academic year. The research method wasqualitative. Content analysis and descriptive analysis were used to analyse the data. The data were collected throughsemi-structured interviews with interview forms. All of the interviews were audio-recorded, learners gave writtenconsent to participate and consented orally to the interview and audio recording. The audio recordings weretranscribed. As a consequence of this research, the learners clarified their views about the study skills categories.Most of the learners expressed the following preferences: 12 students stated that they prepared study plans andweekly schedules; 14 students emphasised that they divided their courses into smaller content units when theyreviewed the course material; 15 learners stated that their study environment must be quiet; 7 students stated thatthey listened to music when experiencing stress; 9 students believed that stress is necessary for learning anddetermined that it should be maintained at an appropriate level; 4 students said that they increased their motivationby reviewing the course material; and 3 students explained that studying effectively increases their motivation. Inconclusion, when the study skills categories discussed in the literature are used to analyse students’ study habits,students seem to apply the categories of study skills when studying their course material.

  18. Energy and nutrient intake and food patterns among Turkish university students

    OpenAIRE

    Nesli?ah, Rak?c?o?lu; Emine, Akal Y?ld?z

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this study was to determine the nutritional value and nutrients provided by each meal and snack of consumed by university students. Subjects were randomly selected from volunteer students at five universities in Ankara. A sample of 400 students (167 female and 233 male) aged between 19 and 24 years participated in this study. A questionnaire designed to assess general characteristics, anthropometric measurements, and 24 hours dietary records was administered using face to face int...

  19. Burnout Levels and Personality Traits—The Case of Turkish Architectural Students

    OpenAIRE

    Emel Laptali Oral; Gözde Tantekin Celik

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this research has been to investigate the relationship between personality traits and burnout levels of architectural undergraduate students. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI) and Five Factor Model were used to collect related data. Analysis of the collected data showed variations in personality traits and burnout levels of students from first to fourth year and revealed that education process was an important role player in personality development and burnout levels ...

  20. Factors Affecting Students' Career Choice in Accounting: The Case of a Turkish University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uyar, Ali; Güngörmüs, Ali Haydar; Kuzey, Cemil

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the reasons that influence students' career choices in accounting. In order to determine these reasons, a questionnaire survey has been employed. The empirical findings can be divided into two categories. First, students who have a desire to work in accounting field assume that accounting field provides good job…

  1. The Portfolio Effect: Enhancing Turkish ELT Student-Teachers' Autonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Rana

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on the use of portfolios to develop ELT major student-teachers' autonomy. The research was carried out for 14 weeks with twenty-one 3rd grade student-teachers in the English Language Teaching Department of Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey. To evaluate the impact of portfolios on fostering the participants'…

  2. The Effectiveness of Modified Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Writing with Mildly Mentally Retarded Turkish Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzel-Ozmen, Ruya

    2006-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of Modified Cognitive Strategy Instruction in Writing (CSIW) with mildly mentally retarded students' skills in writing problem/solution texts. Participants were from two self-contained and multiage classrooms in Turkey. Instruction had a positive impact on the amount of time students spent planning and…

  3. Relation between Cyberbullying and Problem Solving: A Study on Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gokler, Riza

    2013-01-01

    In this study, cyberbullying living frequency, what the cyber environments in which cyberbullying is lived are, and the relation between "being victim of cyberbullying" and "being cyberbullying" status and problem solving skill of university students are analysed. This research is done by attendance of 460 students from five…

  4. A Survey on Turkish Elementary School Students' Environmental Friendly Behaviours and Associated Variables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alp, Elvan; Ertepinar, Hamide; Tekkaya, Ceren; Yilmaz, Ayhan

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated elementary school students' environmental knowledge and attitudes, the effects of sociodemographic variables on environmental knowledge and attitudes, and how self-reported environmentally friendly behaviour is related to environmental knowledge, behavioural intentions, environmental affects, and the students' locus of…

  5. Turkish High School Students' Ideas about Invertebrates: General Characteristics and Classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cinici, Ayhan

    2013-01-01

    Identifying alternative conceptions is a vital part of teaching and learning in science because it provides information about students' ideas to both themselves and their teachers. In this context, the purpose of the current study is twofold. The first aim is to examine high school students' alternative conceptions about general…

  6. Examining the Effects of Turkish Education Reform on Students' TIMSS 2007 Science Achievements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atar, Hakan Yavuz; Atar, Burcu

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of some of the changes such as student centered learning (i.e. inquiry science instruction), outfitting classrooms with latest technology and computers that the reform movement has brought about on students' TIMSS 2007 science achievements. Two-staged stratified sampling was used in the selection…

  7. An Assessment of Factors Related to Science Achievement of Turkish Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalender, Ilker; Berberoglu, Giray

    2009-01-01

    In this study, a hypothesised model with latent variables such as socio-economic status, students' perception of success and interest in different subject matter areas, out-of-school activities, and classroom teaching learning activities in relation to science achievement of the students was tested via linear structural modelling. The data come…

  8. Mathematics Anxiety Among 4th And 5th Grade Turkish Elementary School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fulya Yüksel-?ahin

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Using a sample of 4th and 5th graders, this study investigated whether students’ mathematics anxiety differed significantly according to a group of variables. A total of 249 students participated in the study. “The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for Elementary School Students” and “The Personal Information Form” were used for data collection. Independent samples t-tests, Oneway Anova and Schefee test were used to analyze the data. Results showed that students’ mathematics anxiety differed significantly according to gender, whether they liked mathematics class or not, whether they liked their mathematics teachers or not and the achievement level in mathematics. Female students reported significantly higher mathematics anxiety than males. Students who liked mathematics class and those who liked their mathematics teachers had lower anxiety. Students with higher achievement in mathematics reported lower degrees of mathematics anxiety. However, results did not show any significant difference in students’ mathematics anxiety with respect to their grade level and gender-stereotypes about success in mathematics.

  9. Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

    2013-01-01

    It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

  10. Case Study of How Turkish University Students Improve Their Biochemistry Achievement

    OpenAIRE

    Özlem Sadi

    2013-01-01

    Biochemistry courses have an important place as a common subject in faculties of medicine, food engineering, biology and chemistry. MSLQ, Metacognitive Awareness Inventory and Learning Approach Questionnaire were used. The study also involves repeated observations of the same instructor in a biochemistry class over eight weeks to describe students’ academic performance, instructor practice, teaching methods and generally, learning environment in the biochemistry class. Students achieving th...

  11. Student Perspectives on Study Skills in a Turkish State Secondary School Sample from Adana

    OpenAIRE

    Mahmut O?uz Kutlu; ?adiye Korkmaz

    2013-01-01

    The primary aim of this study was to examine the preferences of 8th grade students who had high academic grades inseveral study skills categories. The study group consisted of 23 8th grade students who were attending a statesecondary school in the province of Adana, Turkey, during the 2012-2013 academic year. The research method wasqualitative. Content analysis and descriptive analysis were used to analyse the data. The data were collected throughsemi-structured interviews with interview form...

  12. Premenstrual syndrome in Turkish medical students and their quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goker, A; Artunc-Ulkumen, B; Aktenk, F; Ikiz, N

    2015-04-01

    This study aimed to analyse the frequency and symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and its effect on quality of life in medical students. Sociodemographic data, a symptom calendar for the following consecutive two menstrual periods and SF-36 quality of life questionnaire were collected. A total of 228 students joined the survey. The average age of the students was 20.77 ± 1.90. The frequency of PMS was 91.8%. The most frequent symptoms were abdominal bloating (89.5%), irritability (88.3%) and breast tenderness (82.6%). Quality of life scores ranged from 17.00 to 97.00 and were lowest in the severe PMS group. Alcohol consumption, stress events and fat rich diets increased the severity of PMS. Family history significantly affected the severity of PMS and quality of life scores. Premenstrual syndrome was found to be a frequent entity among medical students and seemed to affect quality of life in a moderate way. PMID:25140580

  13. Current Piano Education of Turkish Music Teacher Candidates: Comparisons of Instructors and Students Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jelen, Birsen

    2015-01-01

    In recent years almost every newly opened government funded university in Turkey has established a music department where future music teachers are educated and piano is compulsory for every single music teacher candidate in Turkey. The aim of this research is to compare piano teaching instructors' and their students' perceptions about the current…

  14. DETERMINATION OF FUNCTIONALITY OF TURKISH STUDENT STUDY BOOKS IN TEACHING TURKISH PRIMARY SECOND STAGE ?LKÖ?RET?M ?K?NC? KADEMEDE KULLANILAN TÜRKÇE Ö?RENC? ÇALI?MA K?TAPLARININ ??LEVSELL???N?N BEL?RLENMES?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali GÖÇER

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The main mission of educational institutions to provide to the students the necessary information. More importantly, students learned skills into their knowledge to show the way. Students' learning skills into their knowledge one of effective ways: student workbooks, and native place of the events when the time is to work. The purpose of this study, second grade elementary school students in Turkish lessons in a workbook activities carried been realized to determine the status. This motion, the student workbook is to determine the status of being used as functional.In this research, qualitative research approach in the context of document analysis methods and scanning techniques used. Collection of student work books will be reviewed in Kayseri for primary schools and among the strata must be determined via sampling. A total of 54 Turkish students study books were collected in school. In each grade level as an elective to a required four themes were selected. The themes identified in the student workbooks have been investigated the level of realization of activities. According to the data obtained, activities undertaken with students more than activities that are not made at all, but in general, student workbooks are not used functionally. E?itim kurumlar?n?n temel görevi ö?rencilere gerekli bilgileri ö?retmekten öte, ö?rencilerin ö?rendikleri bilgileri beceriye dönü?türebilmelerinin yollar?n? göstermektir. Ö?rencilerin ö?rendikleri bilgileri beceriye dönü?türebilmelerinin etkili yollar?ndan biri ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?ndaki etkinliklerin zaman?nda ve yerli yerince i?lenmesidir. Bu çal??man?n amac?, ilkö?retim ikinci kademede Türkçe dersi ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?ndaki etkinliklerin gerçekle?tirilme durumunu inceleyerek bu kitaplar?n i?levsel olarak kullan?l?p kullan?lmad???n? belirlemektir. Ara?t?rmada nitel ara?t?rma yakla??m? çerçevesinde doküman inceleme yöntemi ve tarama tekni?i kullan?lm??t?r. ?ncelenecek Türkçe ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?n?n toplanaca?? ilkö?retim okullar?, amaçl? ve tabakalamal? örnekleme yolu ile belirlenmi?tir. Bu çerçevede 2008-2009 ö?retim y?l? sonunda Kayseri’de Melikgazi, Kocasinan ve Tomarza ilçelerinin her birinden 3 olmak üzere toplam 9 ilkö?retim okulu belirlenmi?tir. Okullar?n 6. ve 7. s?n?flar?nda ö?renim gören ö?renciler aras?ndan seçkisiz olarak 3’er ö?renci belirlenerek 6. ve 7. s?n?f düzeyinde 27’?er olmak üzere toplam 54 Türkçe Ö?renci Çal??ma Kitab? (ÖÇK toplanm??t?r. Her s?n?f düzeyinde bir seçmeli bir de zorunlu olmak üzere 4 tema seçilmi?tir. Ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?n?n belirlenen temalar?nda yer alan etkinliklerin gerçekle?tirilme düzeyini belirlemek amac?yla her bir etkinlik incelenerek durum tespiti yap?lm??t?r. Elde edilen verilere göre, incelenen kitaplar?ndaki gerçekle?tirilen etkinliklerin gerçekle?tirilmeyenlerden oransal olarak fazla olsa da ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?n?n i?levsel olarak kullan?lmad??? kanaatine var?lm??t?r.

  15. A Team Teaching Approach for Middle School EMR Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marion County Board of Public Instruction, Ocala, FL.

    Described and evaluated is a Marion County, Florida, program which applied the team teaching method to instruction of 45 educable mentally retarded 10- to 14-year-old students. It is stressed that the philosophy of the middle schools and of team teaching is to provide a means of meeting individual needs of students. Described are the program's…

  16. Self-esteem and communication skills as predictors of psychological resilience for Turkish vocational school students

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    Özlem TAGAY

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes whether or not communication skills and self-esteem of vocational school students can predict their psychological resilience. The data of the study were collected from a total of 295 vocational school students including 147 female and 148 male in Burdur and Isparta. The study benefited from the Ego Resiliency Scale developed by Block and Kremen (1996 and adapted by Kara?rmak (2007, the Communication Skills Evaluation Scale developed by Korkut (1996, and the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale developed by Morris Rosenberg (1965. The study made use of the standard multiple regression analysis in order to prove the power of the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem to predict psychological levels of resilience of vocational school students. The data were tested on a 0.05 level of significance. This study shows that the assessment of communication skills and self-esteem positively co- relates with the personal strengths of pulling oneself together. The positive self-assessment predicts self- esteem positively and significantly as well. A positive sense of an individual’s about oneself positively co- relates with high self-esteem.

  17. Heritage Language Maintenance and Cultural Identity Formation: The Case of a Turkish Saturday School in New York City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otcu, Bahar

    2010-01-01

    This paper investigates the role of a Turkish Saturday school in the United States in helping students maintain the Turkish language and form a sense of Turkish cultural identity. This case study of one Turkish Saturday school in New York City builds on research in language maintenance and shift, and in language ideologies and linguistic identity…

  18. A study on preschoolers' conceptual perceptions of states of matter: a case study of Turkish students

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Murat, Demirba& #351; ; Nurcan, Ertu& #287; rul.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study is to identify preschoolers' conceptual perceptions of states of matter, this issue that they often come across in their daily and social life. The study was designed as a qualitative case study. The population of the study was comprised of 25 preschoolers studying a [...] t two primary schools located in Kirikkale and Kir?ehir, Turkey. The data were collected through the Science Concepts Perception Test (SCPT), which contained 10 semi-structured questions suitable for the level of preschoolers. The data were subject to content analysis, a qualitative method of data analysis, in order to identify how the students perceived science concepts.

  19. Investigating the Predictive Role of Social Self-Efficacy on Authenticity in Turkish University Students

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    Seydi Ahmet Satici

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between social self-efficacy and authenticity. The Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale and the Authenticity Scale were administrated to a sample of 308 university students. The research data were analysed by correlation and linear regression analysis. Social self-efficacy is positively related to authentic living, and is negatively related to accepting external influence, and self-alienating. The linear regression analysis showed that social self-efficacy was a significant predictor of authenticity. The significance and limitations of the results are discussed.

  20. Examining Demographic Factors Related to Cigarette Smoking among Undergraduate Students at a Turkish University

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    Erkan Oktay

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Cigarette smoking is the leading global preventable health risk, and it is associated with well-known health risks such as morbidity, mortality, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and nicotine addiction. When analyzed by age group, cigarette smoking in Turkey is the most prevalent among younger adult populations. The college years appear to be a time of increased risk for smoking initiation and movement into regular patterns of use, although college smokers are more likely to be non-daily smokers, meaning that they smoke more in social situations. This paper aims to identify the demographic factors related to cigarette smoking of undergraduate students in Erzurum, Atatürk University; to interpret these factors, and to assist in informing alternatives for taking more effective action than the typical cessation campaigns. Using logistic regression analysis with cross-sectional data obtained using the questionnaire; the factors affecting cigarette smoking in this context were identified. The demographic factors of sex, geographical region, parents’ residence, father’s profession, the number of individuals in the family, professional status, and general satisfaction were found to be statistically significant at the 0.05 significance level; while faculty and present residence were statistically significant at the 0.10 significance level. The analysis therefore shows that the demographic factors listed above influence the cigarette smoking habits of undergraduate students in Atatürk University.

  1. English and Turkish Pupils' Understanding of Decomposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cetin, Gulcan

    2007-01-01

    This study aimed to describe seventh grade English and Turkish students' levels of understanding of decomposition. Data were analyzed descriptively from the students' written responses to four diagnostic questions about decomposition. Results revealed that the English students had considerably higher sound understanding and lower no understanding…

  2. Adaptation of Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale to Turkish

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Haydar ?ar; Abdullah I??klar

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the study is adaptation of the “Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale ” which was developed by Bianchi ve Phillips (2005) to Turkish. In order to adapt the scale, firstly scale items were translated to Turkish by the researcher. Then translation form was further developed by consulting ten specialists. English and Turkish forms of scale were both filled by 30 undergraduate students with two-week intervals respectively. Two forms were accepted as equal since the correlation between the...

  3. Climate Change and Morality: Students' Perspectives on the Individual and Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sternang, Li; Lundholm, Cecilia

    2011-01-01

    There is a growing interest in addressing moral aspects in the research and education of socio-scientific issues. This paper investigates students' interpretations of climate change from a moral perspective. The students were 14 years old, studying at Green Schools in the Beijing area, China. The study was based on semi-structured group interviews…

  4. The Challenge of Evaluating Students' Scientific Literacy in a Writing-to-Learn Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomas, Louisa; Ritchie, Stephen M.

    2015-01-01

    This paper reports on the challenge of evaluating students' scientific literacy in a writing-to-learn context, as illustrated by our experience with an online science-writing project. In this mixed methods study, year 9 students in a case study class (13-14 year olds, n?=?26) authored a series of two "hybridised" short stories that…

  5. Corrective Discourse in Turkish EFL Classrooms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Musayeva, Gulsen

    1998-01-01

    A study examined oral corrective discourse in English-as-a-Foreign-Language (EFL) classes at a Turkish university, with data gathered through classroom observation of teacher-student interaction, teacher interviews, and a student survey concerning preferences for amount and type of corrective feedback. Results indicate a small degree of parity…

  6. Language Use of Turkish Speaking Communities in the United Kingdom (A Case Study According to the Views of Families, Teachers and Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alpaslan Okur

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available First Turkish existance in England is based on acquiring the English citizenship with the conservation of Cyprus in 1987 by England. First immigration of Turkish people was made by Turkish people as a result of pressure of Greeks in Cyprus started in 1940 and increased in 1974. The immigration from Turkey was started in 1970 because of educational, economic and politic reasons. Furthermore many Turkish people immigrated from Asia, Russia and East Europe. All of the can be called “The community speaking Turkish”.This people’s childrens are bilingual and it is questionable whether which language is their mother language. Normally as long as knowing mother language well being bilingual is advantageous. But the reaserces have shown that for Turkish bilingual children bilingulism is disadvantageous. Unconsious families, being careless on awareness of bilingulism are the reason for their low language levels in two languages. In this research it is concluded that English level of the children between 5 and 16 is higher and families try to preserve their children Turkish level but the teachers don’t consider that this levels are satisfactory. It is determined that families efforts are inconcious and Turkish schools and courses are not sufficent because of many reasons.

  7. Perspectives of Turkish Intern and Non-Intern Students towards Sport Management Internship within the Context of Field Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coknaz, Dilsad

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine differences between intern and non-intern students in terms of their perspectives on sport management internship within the context of field experience. The subjects of the study were a total of 189 students. They were 4th year students who completed their internship and 3rd year students who were yet to…

  8. Factores de riesgo para enfermedad respiratoria en población de 5 a 14 años de una Localidad de Bogotá, 2012-2013 / Respiratory disease risk factors in the 5-14 year-old population in an area of Bogota, 2012-2013

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Natalia, Rodríguez-Moreno; Viviana, Martínez-Morales; Rodrigo, Sarmiento-Suarez; Katalina, Medina-Palacios; Luis J., Hernández.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Establecer la prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios, asma y rinitis, posiblemente asociados a la contaminación del aire en niños entre 5 y 14 años, en la localidad de Bosa, año 2012-2013. Métodos Se tomó una muestra de 553 niños residentes en la localidad de Bosa. Resultados Cuando el niño [...] habita con personas que fuman tiene 1,5 veces más de riesgo de toser en la noche respecto a los niños cuyos contactos no fuman. Los niños que habitan en viviendas con chimeneas a menos de 100 m de distancia tienen 1,6 veces la probabilidad de presentar el síntoma. Quienes asisten al colegio de mayor exposición y además tienen edificaciones en construcción o vías en mal estado a menos de 100 m de sus viviendas, presentan 2,5 veces la posibilidad de manifestar el evento. En cuanto a presentar sibilancias en el último año, los niños que tienen humedades en su habitación presentan 4 veces la probabilidad de manifestarlas. Hay un incremento del riesgo de sibilancias en un 80 % cuando el niño vive a menos de 100 m de edificaciones en construcción o vías sin pavimentar y además asiste al colegio de mayor exposición. Conclusiones Son tan importantes las intervenciones gubernamentales para la modificación de los factores de riesgo extramurales asociados a la enfermedad respiratoria como las mejoras que deben llevarse a cabo extramuralmente. Abstract in english Objective Establishing the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis, possibly associated with air pollution, in 5- to 14-year-old children in Bosa (a conurbation of Bogota), between 2012 and 2013. Methods A sample was taken of 553 children living in the conurbation. Results The result [...] s indicated that when a child lives with people who smoke there was a 1.5 times risk of coughing at night (compared to living in a non-smoking home) such night-time coughing being different to that produced by respiratory infections such as colds, bronchitis and pneumonia. Children living in homes having fireplaces/open cooking areas located less than 100 m apart had 1.6 times greater probability of presenting symptoms. Children attending schools having greater PM10 exposure and living near buildings being constructed or having roads in a poor state of repair less than 100 meters from their homes were 2.5 times more likely to suffer respiratory disease. Children living in damp rooms were 4 times more likely to have wheezed during the past year. The risk of wheezing became increased by 80 % when a child lived within 100 meters of buildings being constructed or near unpaved roads and attended a school having greater exposure. Conclusion Government intervention is critical for changing respiratory disease-associated extramural risk factors, such as improvements benefitting children which should be carried out in urban areas.

  9. Factores de riesgo para enfermedad respiratoria en población de 5 a 14 años de una Localidad de Bogotá, 2012-2013 / Respiratory disease risk factors in the 5-14 year-old population in an area of Bogota, 2012-2013

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Natalia, Rodríguez-Moreno; Viviana, Martínez-Morales; Rodrigo, Sarmiento-Suarez; Katalina, Medina-Palacios; Luis J., Hernández.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Establecer la prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios, asma y rinitis, posiblemente asociados a la contaminación del aire en niños entre 5 y 14 años, en la localidad de Bosa, año 2012-2013. Métodos Se tomó una muestra de 553 niños residentes en la localidad de Bosa. Resultados Cuando el niño [...] habita con personas que fuman tiene 1,5 veces más de riesgo de toser en la noche respecto a los niños cuyos contactos no fuman. Los niños que habitan en viviendas con chimeneas a menos de 100 m de distancia tienen 1,6 veces la probabilidad de presentar el síntoma. Quienes asisten al colegio de mayor exposición y además tienen edificaciones en construcción o vías en mal estado a menos de 100 m de sus viviendas, presentan 2,5 veces la posibilidad de manifestar el evento. En cuanto a presentar sibilancias en el último año, los niños que tienen humedades en su habitación presentan 4 veces la probabilidad de manifestarlas. Hay un incremento del riesgo de sibilancias en un 80 % cuando el niño vive a menos de 100 m de edificaciones en construcción o vías sin pavimentar y además asiste al colegio de mayor exposición. Conclusiones Son tan importantes las intervenciones gubernamentales para la modificación de los factores de riesgo extramurales asociados a la enfermedad respiratoria como las mejoras que deben llevarse a cabo extramuralmente. Abstract in english Objective Establishing the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis, possibly associated with air pollution, in 5- to 14-year-old children in Bosa (a conurbation of Bogota), between 2012 and 2013. Methods A sample was taken of 553 children living in the conurbation. Results The result [...] s indicated that when a child lives with people who smoke there was a 1.5 times risk of coughing at night (compared to living in a non-smoking home) such night-time coughing being different to that produced by respiratory infections such as colds, bronchitis and pneumonia. Children living in homes having fireplaces/open cooking areas located less than 100 m apart had 1.6 times greater probability of presenting symptoms. Children attending schools having greater PM10 exposure and living near buildings being constructed or having roads in a poor state of repair less than 100 meters from their homes were 2.5 times more likely to suffer respiratory disease. Children living in damp rooms were 4 times more likely to have wheezed during the past year. The risk of wheezing became increased by 80 % when a child lived within 100 meters of buildings being constructed or near unpaved roads and attended a school having greater exposure. Conclusion Government intervention is critical for changing respiratory disease-associated extramural risk factors, such as improvements benefitting children which should be carried out in urban areas.

  10. Tabelas de referências das qualidades físicas básicas de meninos de 9 a 14 anos / Basic physical attribute reference (anthropometric) tables for 9 to 14 year-old children / Tablas de referencia de capacidades físicas básicas en niños de 9 a 14 años

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mauro, Moraes-Macêdo; Paula, Roquetti-Fernandes; José, Fernandes-Filho.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Desenvolver tabelas de referência da antropometria e qualidades físicas coordenação, força explosiva de membros inferiores e velocidade de deslocamento de meninos entre 9 e 14 anos. Método Foram avaliados 536 indivíduos em antropometria (peso e estatura), protocolos de velocidade (30 metros [...] ), coordenação (Burpee) e Força Explosiva (sargent jump test). A metodologia foi descritiva por survey normativo, as tabelas sendo classificadas a partir das médias obtidas e seus desvios padrão. Para valores acima da média em um desvio-padrão (Acima da média) em dois desvios-padrão (Excelente) e valores abaixo da média em um desvio padrão (Abaixo da média) em dois desvios padrão (Muito abaixo da média), tendo como parâmetro a idade cronológica. Resultados Nas idades 09 e 11 anos, existe uma progressão dos valores no estudo, pois alcançando 12 e 13 anos, observa-se que a estatura e velocidade deixam de evoluir como anteriormente, com o grupo de 12 anos apresentando melhores resultados nessas variáveis do que 13 anos. A força explosiva de membros inferiores progrediu com a estatura exceto na idade 13 anos, onde os resultados foram menores do que aos 12 anos. A Coordenação Motora, diferenciou-se nas idades 9 e 10 anos onde apresentaram o mesmo comportamento. Aos 14 anos, a diferença em relação às idades 11,12 e 13 anos, recaem na faixa excelente da tabela, pois alcançam o escore de 08 repetições no teste. Conclusão As tabelas de referência demonstram aplicabilidade facilitando a comparação dos parâmetros do estudo para jovens brasileiros. Abstract in spanish Objetivo Desarrollar tablas de referencia de antropometría y capacidades físicas de coordinación, fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores y velocidad de movimiento de los niños entre 9 y 14 años. Método Se evaluaron 536 individuos en antropometría (peso y talla), protocolos de velocidad (30 [...] metros), coordinación (Burpee) y concentración (prueba de salto Sargent). La metodología fue descrita por las normas de la encuesta, las tablas que se ordenan a partir de los promedios y sus desviaciones estándar. Para valores superiores al promedio de desviación estándar (encima de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (Excelente) y los valores por debajo de la desviación estándar promedio (debajo de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (muy por debajo del promedio), con el parámetro de la edad cronológica. Resultados En la edad de 9 a 11 años hay una progresión en los valores en el estudio mientras que en las edades de 12 y 13 años se observa que la altura y la velocidad no progresan como antes, pero el grupo de 12 años presenta mejores resultados en estas variables que el de 13 años. La fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores progresó con la altura hasta la edad de 13 años, excepto en los menores de 12 años de edad. La coordinación motora presentó el mismo comportamiento en las edades de 9 y 10 años y difirió de las de 14 años y las de 11, 12 y 13 años que entran en la clasificación considerada excelente de la tabla, ya que la puntuación llega a 08 repeticiones de la prueba. Conclusión Las tablas de referencia se aplican para facilitar la comparación de los parámetros del estudio para los jóvenes brasileños. Abstract in english Objective Developing anthropometric reference tables and physical qualities regarding coordination, lower limb explosive power and speed of movement for 9 to 14 year-old children. Method Anthropometric factors (weight and height), speed protocols (30 meters), coordination (Burpee) and strength (Sarg [...] ent jump test) were assessed in 536 individuals. Descriptive methodology was used for survey standards, tables being sorted by their averages and standard deviations, values above average standard deviation (above the mean) by two standard deviations (excellent) and those below average standard deviation (below the mean) by two standard deviations (very much below average) regarding chronological age. Results Study values progress

  11. Korelace mezi sportovní ?inností a užíváním návykovıch látek u 14letıch žák? a žáky? základních škol ve Slovinsku Correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year-old primary school male and female pupils in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jože Štihec

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Cílem tohoto pr?zkumu bylo zjistit, zda u 14letıch žák? existuje korelace mezi sportovní aktivitou a užíváním návykovıch látek. Tento pr?zkum je založen na dotazníku s 38 prom?nnımi, p?i?emž pravd?podobnostní vztahy mezi prom?nnımi byly testovány pomocí chí-kvadrát testu. Analıza ukázala, že ve svém volném ?ase se sportu v?nuje 80 % chlapc? a 85 % dívek. Sportu se v?nují v?tšinou dvakrát až t?ikrát tıdn?. V?tšina chlapc? se v?nuje sportu závodn? (39 %, zatímco dívky se v?nují p?edevším rekrea?ním pohybovım aktivitám (48 %. Pokud jde o kou?ení, ke ku?ák?m pat?í 4 % procenta chlapc? a 12 % dívek. V?tšina chlapc? za?ala kou?it ve v?ku 13 let, dívky ve v?ku 12 let. 90 % chlapc? a 94 % dívek již n?jakı alkoholickı nápoj vyzkoušelo – jde tedy o v?tšinu žák? ve v?ku od 10 do 13 let. Pokud jde o užívání drog, vyzkoušelo je 18 % chlapc? a 26 % dívek. Nej?ast?jšími typy drog jsou inhalace, pilulky a marihuana. V?tšina žák? prohlásila, že kou?ení, pití alkoholu a užívání nelegálních návykovıch látek vyzkoušela ze zv?davosti. Rodi?e v?tšinou podporují d?ti v provozování sportu. V?tšina žák? se domnívá, že sport a kou?ení spolu nejde dohromady. Domnívají se, že sportovní aktivity jsou ?innosti, které by od užívání návykovıch látek mohly odrazovat. Zjistili jsme, že mezi sportovními aktivitami a užíváním legálních i nelegálních návykovıch látek není statisticky vıznamná korelace. Statisticky vıznamná korelace však byla zjišt?na u pití alkoholu v p?ípad? chlapc? (pivo a víno a inhalace látek v p?ípad? dívek. Rozdíly by z?ejm? mohly bıt vırazn?jší v pozd?jším v?ku – p?i p?echodu mezi základní a st?ední školou. Mladé lidi by bylo možno od užívání legálních i nelegálních návykovıch látek odradit nabídkou v?tšího množství aktivit, které by jim umož?ovaly trávit volnı ?as p?im??en?jším a kvalitn?jším zp?sobem. The aim of this research was to establish whether there is a correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year old pupils. This research is based on a questionnaire of 38 variables and the probability relations among the variables have been tested by the chi-square. Analysis has shown that 80% of male and 85% of female pupils practice sport in their leisure time. On average, they practice sport 2 to 3 times a week. The majority of male pupils practice sport competitively (39%, while female pupils primarily practice not officially organized recreational sports (48%. As for smoking, 4% of the male and 12% of the female pupils smoke, the majority of the male pupils had their first cigarette at the age of 13, female pupils at the age of 12. Regarding alcohol use, 90% of the male and 94% of the female pupils had tried an alcohol beverage, which means a majority of pupils between ages 10 and 13. As far as drugs are concerned, 18% of the male and 26% of the female pupils tried drugs. The prevailing types of drug-taking are vapor inhaling, pills and marijuana. The majority of pupils sa

  12. Predicting Student Satisfaction with an Emphasis on Campus Recreational Sports and Cultural Facilities in a Turkish University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çelik, Ali Kemal; Akyol, Kübra

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper was to determine the predictors of student satisfaction focusing on campus recreational sports and cultural facilities. The present study utilized data from a written-questionnaire administered to one thousand adult undergraduate students. The dependent variable used in predicting student satisfaction was…

  13. The Effects of Conflict Resolution Education on Conflict Resolution Skills, Social Competence, and Aggression in Turkish Elementary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akgun, Serap; Araz, Arzu

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to implement "we can resolve our conflicts" training program to elementary school students and to assess the effectiveness of this school-based conflict resolution training program, designed to enhance students' conflict resolution skills and social competence and consequently decrease aggression. Three…

  14. A longitudinal study of perceptions of self-concept and professional self-concept in Turkish nursing students

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    Zehra Göçmen Baykara

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine the relationship between self-concept and professional self-concept amongst nursing students undertaking a four year degree.A descriptive longitudinal study was applied amongst all nursing students undertaking a four year degree starting in the academic year 2006-2007. The sample consists of total 78 students. The data collection was via two Likert scale type questionnaires about the self description of students and their descriptions of the professional qualities of nurses which were issued a week apart. The first questionnaire consisted of a self-report form of 40 adjectives and students were asked to rate the suitability of each adjective for describing their personality. The second questionnaire employed the same adjectives as the first questionnaire. Students were asked to rate how necessary it was for professional nurses to possess these qualities. SPSS was used to analyse the data via percentages and Cohen’s Kappa method. The data for first year students showed 77.6% were happy to have chosen nursing but significant nearly a quarter were not. 85.9% thought they had similar characteristics to those required by nursing but there was a significant minority of almost one sixth who felt they did not have the required characteristics. The congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept was highest in the fourth year followed by the first year with the second year being the lowest. Congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept across all four years was evident from our study. Some implications of these findings for nursing education and practice are considered. A realistic approach to what is involved in both the study and practice of nursing can increase the self and professional self-concept congruence. It is important for nursing educators to effectively manage student expectations as a better alignment of these with actual situations helps students cope with the demands placed upon them.

  15. Democracy Through Learner-Centered Education: a Turkish Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Kaya

    2009-01-01

    Aimed at documenting the problems and constraints confronting learner-centered instruction in Turkey, this article first explains the link between democracy and education and the role of learner-centered instruction in realizing democratic ends. By drawing on John Dewey's ideas and Turkish scholars' perspectives on Turkish education, the article then presents the problems and constraints that pose threats to the implementation of learner-centered instruction in Turkey. The author also explains the problems within the Turkish educational system and teacher education programmes, and the challenges that in-service teachers and students may experience with learner-centered instruction.

  16. Dietary Knowledge, Behaviours and Attitudes of Students of Public School in a Northeastern City in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Marize Melo dos Santos; Adriana de Azevedo Paiva; José Ivo dos Santos Pedrosa; Rosângela Lopes Viana

    2014-01-01

    This quasi-experimental intervention was conducted with 10- to 14-year-old students enrolled in public schools in Teresina, Brazil, to evaluate the effects of a nutritional education program on the students’ knowledge, behaviour and attitudes towards nutrition. The dietary attitudes were evaluated in terms of food tastes/preferences and food behaviours. The participants in the study included 126 students from four schools. Differences between before and after the intervention were found reg...

  17. Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Harun

    2011-01-01

    This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students were…

  18. The Analyze of Teachers’ Responsibility Beliefs for Student Academic Successes and Failures (The Sample of Turkish Biology Teachers

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    Hakan Kurt

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This study was prepared to analyze biology teachers’ responsibility beliefs for student academic successes and failures in terms of different variables. The data were collected with Teachers’ Responsibility for Student Achievement Scale, Teachers’ Sense of Self-efficacy Scale, The Scale of Attitudes toward Teaching Profession and open-ended interview questionnaire. For the data analysis, descriptive statistics, one-way variance analysis (ANOVA, independent groups t-test and Pearson Correlation Coefficient were used. On the other hand, the data collected through open-ended interviews were subject to content analysis. While teachers’ responsibility beliefs is not significant in terms gender, teachers’ sense of self-efficacy and teachers’ attitudes toward teaching profession, there is significant results in terms of length of service and student numbers in their classrooms. There are average, positive and significant relations between teachers’ responsibility beliefs for student success and years experience, size of classrooms, perception of self-efficacy in teaching profession and attitudes toward teaching profession.© 2013 IOJES. All rights reserved

  19. The Effectiveness of Psycho-Educational School-Based Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Training Program on Turkish Elementary Students

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    Cecen-Erogul, Ayse Rezan; Kaf Hasirci, Ozlem

    2013-01-01

    In Turkey, there is neither systematic nor structured child sexual abuse prevention programs for school-aged children in school settings. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a school-based child sexual abuse prevention program on elementary school (4th grade) students. Quasi-experimental design with pretest,…

  20. Influence of V-Diagrams on 10th Grade Turkish Students' Achievement in the Subject of Mechanical Waves

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    Tekes, Hanife; Gonen, Selahattin

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine how the use of V-diagrams one of the learning techniques used in laboratory studies in experiments conducted regarding the 10th grade lesson unit of "waves" influenced students' achievements. In the study, a quasi-experimental design with a pretest and posttest control group was used. The study was…

  1. A Cross-Cultural Study of ICT Competency, Attitude and Satisfaction of Turkish, Polish and Czech University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dincer, Serkan; Sahinkayasi, Yunis

    2011-01-01

    Due to various factors, countries begin to have different levels of information and communication technologies (ICT) and they have their own unique culture of ICT usage. This case appears interesting especially when we consider university students' proficiency, attitudes and satisfaction in use of ICT. The purpose of this study is to examine the…

  2. The Most Important Concept of Transport and Circulatory Systems: Turkish Biology Student Teachers' Cognitive Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurt, Hakan; Ekici, Gulay; Aksu, Ozlem; Aktas, Murat

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine biology student teachers' cognitive structure with regard to "Blood". Qualitative research method has been used. The free word association test and the draw-write technique have been used in collection of data. The data obtained have been evaluated and divided into categories based on…

  3. Evaluating environmental tobacco smoke exposure in a group of Turkish primary school students and developing intervention methods for prevention

    OpenAIRE

    Davutoglu Mehmet; Guler Ekrem; Celik Mustafa; Ekerbicer Hasan C; Kilinc Metin

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background In countries like Turkey where smoking is highly prevalent, children's exposure to tobacco smoke is an important public health problem. The goals of this study were to determine the self-reported environmental tobacco smoke exposure status of primary school students in grades 3 to 5, to verify self-reported exposure levels with data provided from a biomarker of exposure, and to develop methods for preventing school children from passive smoking. Methods The study was condu...

  4. TURKISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNER STUDENTS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA SPEAKING ANXIETY INVESTIGATION OF DIFFERENT VARIABLES/YABANCI D?L OLARAK TÜRKÇE Ö?RENEN BOSNA-HERSEKL? Ö?RENC?LER?N KONU?MA KAYGILARININ ÇE??TL? DE???KENLER AÇISINDAN ?NCELENMES?

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    Emrah BOYLU

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of this study are to examine the Turkish speaking anxieties of the students who are learning Turkish as a foreign language in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to evaluate it in terms of different variables. 63 students participated in this research. The data was collected from “the Speech Anxiety Scale” developed by Melanl?o?lu and Demir (2013 and “Personal Information Forms” conducted to students. Concerning this study, which examines the Turkish speaking anxieties of the students who are learning Turkish as a foreign in Yunus Emre Turkish Cultural Centre Sarajevo with several variables in terms of student learning as a foreign language speaking anxiety, it can be declared that the students feel anxiety up to some extent but the level of this anxiety is not high. According to the survey results, the average scores of the speaking anxiety of the male students are a little more than female students; but there is no significant difference between the sex, age, professions, levels continued, visiting Turkey before, and using the Turkish language out of class of the students’ and the Turkish speaking anxieties. Bu çal??mada, Türkçeyi yabanc? dil olarak ö?renen Bosna-Hersekli ö?rencilerin konu?ma kayg?lar? belirlenmeye ve çe?itli de?i?kenler aç?s?ndan de?erlendirmeye çal???lm??t?r. Ara?t?rmaya 63 ö?renci kat?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rmaya temel te?kil eden veriler, Melanl?o?lu ve Demir (2013 taraf?ndan geli?tirilen “Konu?ma Kayg?s? Ölçe?i” ve ara?t?rmac?lar taraf?ndan haz?rlanan “Ki?isel Bilgi Formu” ile toplanm??t?r. Saraybosna TKM’de Türkçeyi yabanc? dil olarak ö?renen ö?rencilerin konu?ma kayg?lar?n?n çe?itli de?i?kenler aç?s?ndan incelendi?i bu ara?t?rmada, ö?rencilerin Türkçe konu?urken belli bir oranda kayg? duyduklar?; fakat bu kayg?n?n yüksek olmad??? söylenilebilir. Ara?t?rma sonuçlar?na göre, erkek ö?rencilerin konu?ma kayg?s? puan ortalamas? bayan ö?rencilere göre bir miktar daha fazlad?r; ancak ö?rencilerin cinsiyetleri, ya?lar?, meslekleri, devam ettikleri kurlar?, Türkiye’de bulunma ve Türkçeyi s?n?f d???nda kullanma durumlar? ile Türkçe konu?ma kayg?lar? aras?nda anlaml? bir farkl?l?k bulunmamaktad?r.

  5. Evaluating environmental tobacco smoke exposure in a group of Turkish primary school students and developing intervention methods for prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davutoglu Mehmet

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In countries like Turkey where smoking is highly prevalent, children's exposure to tobacco smoke is an important public health problem. The goals of this study were to determine the self-reported environmental tobacco smoke exposure status of primary school students in grades 3 to 5, to verify self-reported exposure levels with data provided from a biomarker of exposure, and to develop methods for preventing school children from passive smoking. Methods The study was conducted on 347 primary school students by using a standard questionnaire and urinary cotinine tests. Children with verified ETS exposure were randomly assigned to 2 intervention groups. Two phone interviews were conducted with the parents of the first group regarding their children's passive smoking status and its possible consequences. On the other hand, a brief note concerning urinary cotinine test result was sent to parents of the second group. Nine months after the initial urinary cotinine tests, measurements were repeated in both groups. Results According to questionnaire data, 59.9% of the study group (208 of 347 were exposed to ETS. Urinary cotinine measurements of children were highly consistent with the self-reported exposure levels (P 0.05. Conclusion Self-reported ETS exposure was found to be pretty accurate in the 9–11 age group when checked with urinary cotinine tests. Only informing parents that their childrens' ETS exposure were confirmed by a laboratory test seems to be very promising in preventing children from ETS.

  6. The Impact of the Explicit Reflective Approach in Teaching the Nature of Science upon Turkish Students' Perceptions of Science

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    Murat DEM?RBAS

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available How to teach science and how to train scientists are among frequently debated issues today. In this respect, many science teaching curricula have been developed and implemented in Turkey. It is observed that activities aimed at teaching the nature of science are included in curricula. In this study, the effectiveness of the explicit reflective approach, which is one of the methods employed in teaching the nature of science. The study was carried out in an elementary school selected from the city of K?r?kkale. The semi-experimental design was used in the research. As the data collection instrument, the “Views of Nature of Science Questionnaire” (VNOS-E developed by Lederman et al. (2002 was employed in the study. The findings obtained were analyzed using the content analysis method, which is among qualitative data analysis techniques. In conclusion, it was observed that the explicit reflective approach had positive effects in improving students’ views of nature of science.

  7. Parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality among Turkish college students / Türk üniversite ö?rencileri aras?nda cinsellikle ilgili konularda anne ve babayla ileti?im ve alg?lanan anne baba tutumlar?

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    Nursel TOPKAYA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis current study was conducted to examine parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality with respect to gender among Turkish college students. Moreover, attitudes toward premarital sexuality with respect to gender were explored. A demographic data form, premarital sexual permissiveness scale, parental communication about sexuality scale and parental attitudes about sexuality scale were administered to 366 (217 female and 148 male college students, aged 18 to 26. The results indicated that females held more conservative premarital sexual attitudes than males; females talked to their mothers, while males talked to their fathers more about sexuality issues. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that gender was significant on the perceived maternal attitudes about sexuality, whereas perceived paternal attitudes about sexuality were not found to be significant with respect to gender. Future research is needed to explore variables that may contribute to the differences in parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality.

  8. Gender Differences in Attachment Styles regarding Conflict Handling Behaviors among Turkish Late Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karairmak, Ozlem; Duran, Nagihan Oguz

    2008-01-01

    This study was designed to examine gender differences in attachment styles and explore the relationship between attachment styles and preference for conflict handling behavior in close relationships among Turkish adolescents. The participants comprised 371 Turkish undergraduate students (252 females and 119 males; with a mean age of 21.98 years;…

  9. Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

    2013-01-01

    Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being…

  10. Prevalência e associação de asma e rinite em adolescentes de 13 e 14 anos de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil Asthma and rhinitis prevalence and co-morbidity in 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in the city of Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil

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    Maria de Fátima Gomes de Luna

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se avaliar a prevalência e associação de asma e rinite. Trata-se de estudo transversal envolvendo 3.015 adolescentes de 13-14 anos de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil, de escolas públicas e privadas, utilizando-se o protocolo do International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC, em 2006/2007. A prevalência de asma foi 22,6%; de rinite, 43,2% e de rinoconjuntivite, 18,7%, predominando no sexo feminino (p = 0,002, p This study aimed to measure the prevalence rates for asthma and rhinitis and the association between the two conditions. This was a cross-sectional study of 3,015 adolescents (13-14 years of age in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil, in public and private schools, using the protocol from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC, in 2006-2007. Prevalence rates were 22.6% for asthma, 43.2% for rhinitis, and 18.7% for rhinoconjunctivitis, with a predominance of females (p = 0.002, p < 0.001, and p < 0/001, respectively and private school students (p < 0.001. Among adolescents that reported asthma, the rhinitis rate was 64.4% and the rhinoconjunctivitis rate was 35.3%. The rates of association were 14.6% between asthma and rhinitis and 8% between asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis, with a predominance of females (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively and associated with speech-limiting wheezing (p = 0.037 and p = 0.004, respectively. The study can help call health professionals' attention to the importance of an integrated approach to these illnesses, considering the "single airway" concept and seeking treatment options that act on both asthma and rhinitis when the two conditions present simultaneously.

  11. Parenting Styles and Life Satisfaction of Turkish Adolescents

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    Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya

    2012-01-01

    This study examined adolescents' perception of satisfaction from various life domains according to gender and parenting styles among 562 Turkish adolescents [53.2% girls; Mean (M) age = 14.1, Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.85]. The participants completed the multidimensional students' life satisfaction scale and the parenting style inventory. The…

  12. Turkish Teachers' Expectancies for Success in Inclusive Classrooms

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    Sazak Pinar, Elif; Sucuoglu, Bulbin

    2011-01-01

    The present study was designed to investigate (a) which social skills were accepted as critical for success in inclusive classrooms according to the Turkish general classroom teachers and (b) whether the teachers' expectancies related to social skills of the students with and without disabilities differed. The importance dimension of the Social…

  13. An Investigation of School Violence through Turkish Children's Drawings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yurtal, Filiz; Artut, Kazim

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates Turkish children's perception of violence in school as represented through drawings and narratives. In all, 66 students (12 to 13 years old) from the middle socioeconomic class participated. To elicit children's perception of violence, they were asked to draw a picture of a violent incident they had heard, experienced, or…

  14. Eating Attitudes and Their Psychological Correlates among Turkish Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bas, Murat; Asci, F. Hulya; Karabudak, Efsun; Kiziltan, Gul

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the eating attitudes and psychological characteristics of Turkish late adolescents. Seven hundred eighty-three university students were administered the Eating Attitudes Test, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Social Physique Anxiety Scale. More than one in ten (9.2% of the males and 13.1% of the…

  15. Examining the Underlying Values of Turkish and German Mathematics Teachers' Decision Making Processes in Group Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dede, Yuksel

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the values underlying the decision-making processes in group studies for Turkish and German mathematics teachers. This study presented a small part of a wider study investigating German and Turkish mathematics teachers' and their students' values (Values in Mathematics Teaching in Turkey and…

  16. Adaptation of Academic Self-Efficacy Scale into Turkish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin ÖNCÜ

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of this study is to adapt Academic Self-efficacy Scale into Turkish, determine validity and reliability of the scale developed by Morgan and Jinks (2003. Because of the correlation between the marks obtained from the English and Turkish Forms of the scale is .95, both of these forms were accepted as equivalent. Working group of the study included 380 students who were attending 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grades of four different primary schools in three counties of Ankara. Structural validity of the scale determined through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. As a result of exploratory factor analysis, it was seen that scale has three factor structure as it was original, but the third factor formed different factor. Factors were ability, context, and educational quality. Scale's reliability of Turkish form was determined as .80 with repetition and through Cronbach alfa inner reliability technique as .82.

  17. Turkish electricity reform

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Turkish electricity reform has progressed slowly due to internal resistance against privatisation, and gained momentum after Electricity Market Law of 2001, prepared in line with EU Energy Acquis and established required institutional and legal framework. Although the eligibility threshold has reached 39% market opening rate, the dominant position of public both as owner and decision-maker is still the major problem in the sector. Currently Turkey is self-sufficient in electricity, but likely to face shortages in 10 years if the growing demand is not met by either speeding the liberalisation process, or joining the South East Europe Electricity Market. (author)

  18. A DIFFERENT APPROACH TO TEACHING HISTORY OF TURKISH EDUCATION: PAINTING EXHIBITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasemin ERSÖZ

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Turkish history of education is a lesson which examines our educational ideas, thoughts, corporations and experiences till today and light the way for resolution of today’s education. One of the purposes of the educational faculties is trying to make education problems of Turkey and Turkish world comprehended by students within historical depth and unity and direct them to take lessons from past experiences and find solutions. However in the current mechanism the efficiency of the Turkish Education History lesson is a matter of debate. Student oriented approaches which will save this lesson from being a chronological memorization lesson and increase student interest and make them comprehend the importance of the lesson. In this context Turkish Education History lesson was conducted by project based learning approach, which is one of the modern learning methods, in 2011-2012 academic year, in Inonu University, Education Faculty, Art Teaching Department. In this frame, a project aiming to develop a positive attitude from 3rd grade students towards Turkish Education History lesson and effective learning, was developed. The Turkish Education History of 2500 years starting from Huns until today, was visualized by students by using painting, sculpture and graph and an exhibition was held within the Education Faculty body consisting of the 58 created pieces of art. After the exhibition which received the appreciation of lecturers and education faculty students, the ideas of students having the Turkish Education history lesson were received about the process of project based learning approach used in the lesson. In this study, case study which is among the qualitative research patterns was conducted, semi-configured interview was performed with 22 volunteer students by taking their voice records. From the interview results, it was understood that while most of the students had a negative thoughts and attitudes towards the lesson at the beginning of the term, their thoughts and attitudes towards the lesson changed in positive direction after the project based learning.

  19. Mucin-producing Malignant Tumor of Lower Eyelid Presenting in a 14-year-old Patient

    OpenAIRE

    Latorre, Andrea; Alghothani, Lana; Lambert, David; Jatana, Kris R.; Peters, Sara; Foster, Jill; Hill, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Malignancies of the ocular adnexa are rare, aggressive tumors with significant potential for local recurrence and metastases. Although basal cell carcinoma remains the most common malignancy of the eyelid, encompassing more than 90 percent of all periocular cancers, several other malignant neoplasms have been reported. Malignant ocular adnexal neoplasms are most commonly of sweat gland origin and include hidradenocarcinoma, mucinous eccrine adenocarcinoma, and apocrine adenocarcinoma of the g...

  20. Quality of Life in Under-14-Year-Old Children After Adenotonsillectomy

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    Fathollah Behnoud

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy is one of the most frequent surgical procedures especially in children. Several indications and contraindications have been suggested for this procedure. The benefits and the negative results of this operation have been studied by different researchers; nevertheless, to date, it is still a common procedure. The main purpose of this study is to obtain extensive information on the outcomes of adenotonsillectomy, according to the patient's physical, emotional and behavioral changes and also on the overall changes in his/her quality of life (QOL. Materials and Methods: All the children, aged 1-14, referred to the Besat Hospital clinics (Hamadan, Iran between March 2008 and March 2009 were included in this study. Overall, 86 children with documented indications underwent adenotonsillectomy, and were followed up for one year.  Two modified standard questionnaires for QOL were completed before and one year after the tonsillectomy. Upon the completion of this two-year study, statistical analyses were performed, and the demographic data of the study groups were compared with those of a same-age group. Results: Changes were observed in five main complaints as follow: Acute Recurrent tonsillitis was present in 86 patients preoperatively, but in only three cases postoperatively (pharyngitis. Confirmed chronic sinusitis was present in 24 patients preoperatively, but only in three cases during the year after the surgery. Oral breathing was seen in 82 patients preoperatively, but only in one patient during the year after the surgery. Nocturnal snoring was seen in 83 children preoperatively, but in 25 cases during the year after the surgery. Halitosis was present in 71 patients, while and halitosis was seen in 27 during the year after the surgery. Conclusion: Overall, the majority of the parameters studied showed significant differences after surgery.

  1. The dynamics of the high-speed abilities of young players 12, 13, 14 years old

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    Vladimir Perevoznyk

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to determine the dynamics of the high-speed abilities of young players. Materials and Methods: the change in performance of speed players at women's 30 meters run, using both specific and non-specific methods. In the training process of players 12–14 years to use specific tools, as well as holding athletic activities for the development of speed. The literature analyzed for the development of young players quickness, educational testing, methods of mathematical statistics. Results: the dynamics of development of physical skill of speed for young players using specific and non-specific methods. Conclusions: the use of the training process in microcycle preparatory period of athletics orientation training gives a positive result in the development of the physical speed quality.

  2. Alveolar soft part sarcoma of tongue in 14-year-old boy

    OpenAIRE

    Kinger, Mallika; Chakrabarti, Preeti; Varma, Amit; Doshi, Bhavesh

    2014-01-01

    Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare, aggressive malignancy of uncertain histological origin with propensity of vascular invasion and distant metastasis. ASPS demonstrates strong predilection for adolescents and young adults with a female preponderance. The head and neck region is the commonly affected region in the pediatric population with orbit and tongue being most common. The indolent clinical course and asymptomatic nature often leads to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. Herein...

  3. Airbag induced facial and bilateral ocular injuries in a 14-year-old child

    OpenAIRE

    Alquraini, Talal A.; Aggour, Mustafa A.; Zamzam, Ahmed M.

    2010-01-01

    Although air bags have reduced the incidence of fatal and severe injuries in automobile collisions, they have been shown to carry a risk of injury themselves. Ocular injury in particular can often be a direct consequence of air bag deployment.

  4. [Preschool age mortality (1-4-year olds) in Cuba, 1961-1975].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riverón Corteguera, R; López, C; Sierra Proenza, E

    1978-01-01

    An abstract is made of the preschool age mortality in Cuba through the period of 1961 to 1975. The authors outlight how it has dropped from 2.0 to 1.1 per 1000 population to reach 45% reduction. They establish comparison with a group of American countries, setting of contrast with the low mortality in Cuba. The mortality in children of 1 to 4 years old is considered as indirect index of malnutrition. The percentage of diminution for the different departments in the period stated is as follows: Pinar del Río, 57.6%; Havana, 43.7%; Matanzas, 58.5%; Las Villas, 63.1%; Camagüey, 50.0%; Oriente, 39.0%. The 10 most important causes of death are analyzed and the percentages in drop of mortality are reported as follows: (A 43), 80.0%; (A65) and (A105-106), 66.7%; (A5), 61.5%; (A93), 50.0%; (A89, 90, 91 and 92), 46.5%; (A21), 42.8%; (AE 138-146), 34.6%; (A126-130), 31.2%; (A25), 25.0%. Finally, stress is placed on the elements responsible for the drop in preschool age children's mortality. PMID:99150

  5. The dynamics of the high-speed abilities of young players 12, 13, 14 years old

    OpenAIRE

    Vladimir Perevoznyk

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: to determine the dynamics of the high-speed abilities of young players. Materials and Methods: the change in performance of speed players at women's 30 meters run, using both specific and non-specific methods. In the training process of players 12–14 years to use specific tools, as well as holding athletic activities for the development of speed. The literature analyzed for the development of young players quickness, educational testing, methods of mathematical statistics. Results:...

  6. Relationship between sleep duration and dietary intake in 4- to 14-year-old Danish children

    OpenAIRE

    Hoppe, Camilla; Rothausen, Berit Worm; Biltoft-Jensen, Anja Pia; Matthiessen, Jeppe; Groth, Margit Velsing; Chaput, Jean-Philippe; Tetens, Inge

    2013-01-01

    A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present cross-sectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14...

  7. Obesity-Related Factors in Turkish School Children

    OpenAIRE

    Dündar, Cihad; Öz, Hatice

    2012-01-01

    Objective. To determine the prevalence of obesity and its risk factors in Turkish children. Method. This cross-sectional survey was conducted on students including 1271 boys and 1206 girls selected from 20 secondary schools in Samsun, Turkey. A predesigned questionnaire was used to elicit the information on individual characteristics. The height and weight of students were measured in their classroom. Obesity was defined as body mass index at or above the 95th percentile for a...

  8. ADAPTING ONLINE SELF-REGULATED LEARNING SCALE INTO TURKISH

    OpenAIRE

    Korkmaz, Ozgen; Kaya, Sinan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine online self-regulated learning levels of students by adapting “Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale” designed by Barnard and his colleagues into Turkish. Present study, irrespective of being a scale analysis, is at the same time a qualitative research. It is executed via scan model. Study group of research consists of collectively 222 students. Firstly the original scale has been translated by two educational technologists who are efficient in bot...

  9. Zenica Üniversitesi Türkoloji Bölümündeki Bo?nak Ö?rencilerin Türkçe Metin Okumadaki Sorunlar? The problems of Bosnian students at Turkology Department of Zenica University in reading Turkish texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet KARA

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the basic skills of language teaching is reading. Readingskill briefly means vocalizing the symbols in text and comprehendingthe unity consisting of these symbols. Aim at reading skill iscomprehension of the reading text. In addition to that comprehension isoriginal purpose, pronunciation of the text is at least as crucial ascomprehending it in oral reading, one of the reading types. The reasonis that reader is not alone in oral reading. Audience exert effort fort hetext with the reader, either. In teaching Turkish to foreigners, generallyreading training and specifically oral reading are important just as inmother-tongue teaching.In the study, features of a successful oral reading are stated. Oralreading could be also thought as a reading skill scale in foreignlanguage teaching, as in mother-tongue, either. Oral reading skill of thestudents, learning Turkish as a foreign language, must be well.However, oral reading skill is within the other skills. Oral reading is areading skill activity. It is also a listening activity for the audience and aspeaking activity fort he reader. Teachers, teaching Turkish toforeigners, should make a point of oral reading because of the featuresof oral reading, stated here and below.In the study, Bosnian students’ basic oral reading mistakes havebeen tried to be identified. Within this scope, determined text has beenread by 19 students, composing the study group and their voice hasbeen recorded. Oral reading mistakes, word repetition, syncopation andvoice addings have been classified as misreading mistakes. Based ondefined mistakes, suggestions have been made upon solutions of them. Dil ö?retiminin temel becerilerinden biri de okumad?r. Okuma becerisi k?saca metindeki sembollerin seslendirilip, bu sembollerden olu?an bütünlü?ün anla??lmas? demektir. Okuma becerisinde amaç okunan metnin anla??lmas?d?r. Okuma türlerinden olan sesli okumada da anlamak as?l amaç olmakla birlikte metnin seslendirilmesi en az anlamak kadar önemlidir. Çünkü sesli okumada okuyucu yaln?z de?ildir. Dinleyici de okuyucuyla beraber metne yönelik çaba sarf etmektedir. Anadil e?itiminde oldu?u gibi Yabanc?lara Türkçe ö?retiminde de genelde okuma e?itimi özelde ise sesli okuma önemlidir.Çal??mada ba?ar?l? bir sesli okuman?n özellikleri belirtilmi?tir. Sesli okuma anadil e?itiminde oldu?u gibi yabanc? dil e?itiminde de okuma becerisi ölçe?i olarak dü?ünülebilir. Türkçeyi yabanc? dil olarak ö?renen ö?rencilerin sesli okuma becerilerin iyi olmas? gerekmektedir. Bununla birlikte sesli okuma becerisi di?er becerilerle iç içedir. Sesli okuma, okuma becerisi etkinli?i oldu?u gibi dinleyen için bir dinleme etkinli?i, okuyan için bir konu?ma etkinli?idir. Yabanc?lara Türkçe ö?reten ö?retmenler sesli okuman?n burada ve a?a??da belirtilen özelliklerinden dolay? sesli okumaya özen göstermelidirler.Bu çal??mada Bo?nak ö?rencilerin Türkçeyi ö?renirken yapt?klar? temel sesli okuma hatalar? tespit edilmeye çal???lm??t?r. Bu kapsamda çal??ma grubunu olu?turan 19 ö?renciye belirlenen bir metin okutulmu? ve sesleri kaydedilmi?tir. Sesli okuma hatalar? kelime tekrar?, hece yutumu, ses yutumu, ses eklemeleri, yanl?? okuma hatalar? olarak s?n?fland?r?lm??t?r. Belirlenen hatalardan yola ç?k?larak hatalar?n çözümlerine yönelik önerilerde bulunulmu?tur.

  10. Determination of association between some caries-related factors in permanent teeth with body mass index of female school students in Tehran, Iran

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    Mozhgan Faezi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Some investigations have shown a direct and significant correlation between BMI (body mass index and dental caries. The aim of this study was to determine the association between obesity and dental caries in the permanent teeth of 12?14-year-old female students of guidance schools in districts 5 and 6 in Tehran, Iran in 2011.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 950 female students, aged 12?14 years old, were selected randomly from guidance schools in districts 5 and 6 in Tehran. The frequency of brushing, flossing, daily consumption of snacks, DMFT (Decayed, Missing, Filled and BMI were assessed using interviews and clinical examinations. The association of the variables was determined by Pearson’s correlation and linear regression statistical tests at a confidence interval of 95%.Results: The means of DMFT index were 3.56 ± 2.652, 4.26 ± 2.961 and 4.38 ± 2.899 in 12-, 13- and 14-year-old students, respectively. Evaluation of the effect of demographic variables, oral hygiene habits and obesity on DMFT showed that age (p value = 0.001, toothbrushing frequency (p value = 0.025 and frequency of snack consumption daily (p value = 0.043 are effective on tooth decay. However, no correlation was found between frequency of flossing (p value ? 0.083 and BMI (p value ? 0.205 with tooth decay.Conclusion: There was no statistically significant association between DMFT and BMI of 12?14-year-old female students in Tehran. There was no relationship between the frequency of sweet snacks consumption and age with BMI. Toothbrushing frequency and frequency of sweet snacks consumption have an effect on tooth decay. Key words: Body mass index, Dental caries, Obesity

  11. A Controlled Evaluation of a School-Based Obesity Prevention in Turkish School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toruner, Ebru Kilicarslan; Savaser, Sevim

    2010-01-01

    This research was conducted to assess the effect of a weight management program in Turkish school children with overweight and obesity. Forty one students formed the intervention group while 40 students formed the control group in two elementary schools. Students in intervention group were given seven training sessions in a period of 2.5 months.…

  12. Cartoons as a Teaching Tool: A Research on Turkish Language Grammar Teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaman, Havva

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of teaching by utilizing cartoons on student success in the Turkish language courses in primary school secondary level students. Working group of the study consists of 54 students studying in primary state school in Sakarya province Hendek district. In the study, the "Rule and Concept Test on…

  13. The validity and reliability study of Turkish version of the multiple intelligences developmental assessment scales

    OpenAIRE

    Ayten ?flazo?lu Saban; Branton Shearer; Bilge Ku?demir Kay?ran; Dilek I??k

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to adapt Multiple Intelligences Developmental Assessment Scales (MIDAS) to Turkish. After examining and confirming equivalency between English and Turkish versions the scale was administered to a sample (1466 participant) including undergraduate, graduate students at the Cukurova University and adult in Adana, Turkey. In addition, test-retest reliability was assessed using a sample of undergraduate, graduate and adults in Adana,Turkey (N=100). In order to examine...

  14. PSYCHOLINGUISTICS AND TURKISH TEACHING

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    Tu?ba BARUTÇU

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Psycholinguistics is a science formed with the contributions of linguistics examining the origins,generations and the qualities of language usage, and of psychological science studying the human behaviours.Language acquisition focuses on its comprehension and usage.Psychological processes coming out during the language learning and its usage are analysed in the light of psycholinguistics. It is also aimed to make more detailed definitions for language behaviours and display its usage refering to the functions of language.This study primarily gives information about the process of how psycholinguistics becomes an independent science and analyses its relation with the thought and society. The reflections of psycholinguistics to four basic language skills are also tried to assess in the last part of the study in relation to the Turkish Teaching Programme.

  15. Turkey & Turkish foreign policy [electronic resource].

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Consists of approximately 16,000 pages and hundreds of tables, diagrams and pictures. Features information on Turkish history, economy, social and cultural life, foreign policy, plus texts of bilateral and multilateral agreements and samples of Turkish music.

  16. Adaptation of Instructional Materials Motivation Survey to Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study

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    Hülya Kutu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to adapt “Instructional Materials Motivation Survey [IMMS]”, developed by J. M. Keller, to Turkish and investigate validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the survey. The original version of the survey was composed of 36 items gathered under four factors (attention, relevance, confidence, satisfaction. The survey was translated into Turkish. Views of 15 faculty members who were expert in Turkish and foreign language were sought in terms of correctness of meaning in Turkish and integrity of items into culture of Turkish education system. Turkish version of the survey was administered to total of 262 university students from Education Faculties of Ataturk and Erzincan Universities. The item-total correlations were calculated, and items which had negative or low correlation with the total survey score (r<.30 were excluded from the survey. The construct validity of the survey was examined by exploratory factor analysis. Varimax rotation technique was used due to the separation into irrelevant factors. Finally the survey was constructed from 24 item gathered under two factors. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha for the whole survey was calculated as 0.83, and 0.79 and 0.69 for the two sub-factors respectively.

  17. Postmaterialism, new environmental paradigm and ecocentric approach: A qualitative and quantitative study of environmental attitudes of Turkish senior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taskin, Ozgur

    The present study aims to elucidate the determinant factors that affect environmental attitudes (EA) of senior high school students in Turkey and the origins of these EAs. Over nine hundred students from different school types, neighborhoods, geographical regions, social-economic backgrounds participated in the questionnaire based surveys which are called the New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) and the General Attitudes and Perceptions (GAP), and twenty of those students were interviewed as well. Survey results show that EAs of students vary depending on school type, gender, parents' education levels and professions, and household income. Normal public high school students, females, lower-middle class students, students with well educated parents in white collar professions, and student with liberal parents have more pro-environmental attitudes than the others. With regard to school type, students from public technical high school (vocational school), almost all of which are based on single-sex education, have scored the lowest on both surveys which are the NEP and the GAP. The results from the qualitative portion are as follows: Students' perceptions about the environment and related issues are limited to their local habitat. Although the mean scores of students on both surveys do not differ to a statistically significant extent depending on geographical regions, interviews show that participants from different regions have distinct priorities, which range from poverty to sea pollution. Even though students' first priority in their lives is education, education is perceived as a mechanism to achieve a more prosperous life rather than an end in itself. Almost all interview participants agree on the importance of education in shaping EAs. Interestingly, some interviewees (four out of ten males) also comment that a man's sense of his own masculinity can be threatened when confronted by another man to change his attitude towards the environment.

  18. Turkish Cypriot literature course in emerging cultural and educational policies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pehlivan, A.

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, certain political changes have occurred in the Turkish Cypriot community with the accession of Cyprus to the European Union. Policies and parties in favor of this accession accepted the idea of a united Cyprus; the majority of the Turkish Cypriots (65% voted in favor of a Cypriot identity. Such political transformations affected education as well. As one of the results of these new policies, a course entitled “Turkish Cypriot Literature” was introduced in schools. In this article we report a study on the ideology, content and instruction of the TCL course. In this study a questionnaire was given to high school teachers and students in order to find out their views about the ideology, content and instruction of the course. In addition, the authors of the TCL literary history were interviewed to gather their views on the content and ideology of the course. This study shows that a new ideology has been accepted by teachers, students and the authors of literary history. According to them the TCL course helps to contribute to the Turkish Cypriot culture and its values. In regard to the content of the TCL course it can be noted that the content of TCL is accepted by both the teachers and the students. However, the authors of the TCL literary history point to the fact that there are deficiencies and irrelevant subjects in the content of the TCL courses. The other research question of the study is to determine the views of the teachers and the students on the way TCL is taught. The teachers and the students are hesitant about the effectiveness of such instruction.

  19. ?lkö?retim 5. S?n?f Türkçe Ders Kitab?ndaki Deyim Varl???n?n Ö?rencilerin Al?c? Söz Varl???na Katk?s? The Effect of Idioms in Primary Education 5. Grade Turkish Course Book on Students Receptive Vocabulary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mediha MANGIR

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The mother tongue is the first acquired language by individuals infamily and the society they born. While the family and inner circle areeffective in teaching mother tongue until the school age, by the way ofeducational institutions this teaching becomes more systematic.In Turkey primary schools are the leading institutions undertakesmother tongue teaching. These schools try to teach word attack skillsby predetermined programs and course books. According to PrimaryEducation Turkish program by means of the language education,students should have enough reading and listening skills to understandwhat they read and listen, and have enough speaking and writing skillsto express their needs, emotions and ideas.Turkish course book is an important means to develop student’slanguage skills. In Turkey for a lot of students writing activities islimited with texts in the course books. Thus the text in course booksshould represent Turkish vocabulary in every respect. The idioms,which express concepts and some certain situations withmetaphorically, are the intangible parts of the Turkish culture. Theseimportant components should be taught to children systematically.The 5. Grade students are regarded at the beginning of formaloperation as of cognitive development. This period is ideal to teachidioms and make these idioms permanent in their receptive vocabulary.But which idioms teach initially isn’t indicated obviously in TurkishCurriculum.In this study, ascertaining the idioms in Turkish course book(2012 and evaluation of them in terms of their being idiom process.Moreover the contribution of these idioms (according to their type totexts in Turkish course book will be discussed. Ana dili, bireyin içinde do?up büyüdü?ü aile ya da toplum çevresinde ilk ö?rendi?i dildir. Ana dili ö?retiminde aile ve yak?n çevre okul ça??na kadar etkili olurken, e?itim kurumlar? arac?l???yla ana dili ö?retimi daha sistemli bir hâl al?r.Türkiye’de ilkö?retim okullar?, ana dili ö?retimini üstlenen e?itim kurumlar?n?n ba??nda gelir. Bu okullar, ö?rencilere belirlenmi? bir program üzerinden ders kitaplar? arac?l???yla dilin anlama ve anlatma becerilerini kazand?rmaya çal???rlar. ?lkö?retim Türkçe program?na göre ö?renciler, ald?klar? dil e?itimiyle, okuduklar?n? ve dinlediklerini anlayacak kadar okuma ve dinleme becerisi; isteklerini, duygular?n? ve dü?üncelerini anlatacak kadar da konu?ma ve yazma becerisi kazanmal?d?r.Türkçe ders kitab?, ö?rencilerin dil becerilerini geli?tirmelerinde önemli bir araçt?r. Türkiye’de birçok ö?renci için okumaya yönelik etkinlikler sadece ders kitab?ndaki metinlerle s?n?rl?d?r. Bu sebeple kitaplarda yer alacak metinler, Türkçenin söz varl??? ögelerinin iyi ?ekilde yans?t?ld??? metinler olmal?d?r. Kavramlar? ve belli durumlar? mecaz yoluyla anlatan deyimler, Türk kültürünün manevi parçalar?ndan biridir. Sözlü kültürün bu önemli ögeleri, ö?rencilerin söz varl???na sistemli bir ?ekilde kazand?r?lmal?d?r.?lkö?retim 5. s?n?f ö?rencileri bili?sel geli?im olarak soyut dönemin ba??nda de?erlendirilirler. Bu dönem deyimlerin ö?retilmesi, ö?rencilerin al?c? söz varl???na kazand?r?lmas? için ideal zamand?r. Ancak hangi deyimlerin öncelikli olarak ö?retilece?i Türkçe ö?retim program?nda da aç?k olarak belirtilmemi?tir.Bu çal??mada, ?lkö?retim Türkçe 5 Ders Kitab? (2012’nda yer alan deyimlerin tespit edilmesi ve deyimle?me dereceleri bak?m?ndan de?erlendirilmeleri amaçlanm??t?r. Bunun yan?nda, metinlerde derecelerine göre yer alan deyimlerin ö?rencilerin söz varl?klar?na katk?s? üzerinde durulacakt?r.

  20. Examining Psychological Well-Being and Self-Esteem Levels of Turkish Students in Gaining Identity against Role during Conflict Periods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isiklar, Abdullah

    2012-01-01

    In this research, university students' psychological well being and self-esteem levels are investigated in terms of a number of variables. The sample in this study is composed of 382 university students. To gather the data for this study, the Subjective Information Form, Psychological Well-Being Scale and Self-Esteem Scale are used. T tests and…

  1. Living in Neighborhoods with High or Low Co-Ethnic Concentration: Turkish-Norwegian-Speaking Students' Vocabulary Skills and Reading Comprehension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rydland, Veslemøy; Aukrust, Vibeke Grøver; Fulland, Helene

    2013-01-01

    Immigrant students may use and develop language and literacy skills differently depending on the dominance of the first and second language (L1 and L2) in the neighborhoods where they live. In this study, neighborhood effects on students' reported language use at home and with peers, and on measured language and literacy proficiency, were…

  2. Some Characteristics of the First Senior Students of the Anadolu University Open Education Faculty in 1985-86 Educational Year. (Turkish Case.) Educational Research Publications No. 010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demiray, Ugur

    A survey of the 9,949 senior students in the business administration and economics programs of the Open Education Faculty (distance education) was conducted during the 1985-86 school year to obtain information on their social and socioeconomic characteristics. Usable responses were received from 8,382 students. The questionnaire sought information…

  3. Dietary Knowledge, Behaviours and Attitudes of Students of Public School in a Northeastern City in Brazil

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    Marize Melo dos Santos

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This quasi-experimental intervention was conducted with 10- to 14-year-old students enrolled in public schools in Teresina, Brazil, to evaluate the effects of a nutritional education program on the students’ knowledge, behaviour and attitudes towards nutrition. The dietary attitudes were evaluated in terms of food tastes/preferences and food behaviours. The participants in the study included 126 students from four schools. Differences between before and after the intervention were found regarding knowledge about the “food pyramid”, “healthy eating” and “nutrients” (p

  4. The Relationship between Gender and Classroom Environment in Turkish Science Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, Anita G.; Cakir, Mustafa; Peterson, Claudette M.; Ray, Christopher M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of gender between actual and preferred classroom environment and use of technology in the science classroom of Turkish students. Employing stratified random sampling procedures, data were collected from 985 students from schools across twelve different districts in Istanbul, Turkey. The…

  5. An Investigation on the Language Anxiety and Fear of Negative Evaluation among Turkish EFL Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Selami

    2008-01-01

    Teachers' observations, students' experiences, and the review of related literature indicate that language anxiety is a significant factor adversely affecting the language learning process. Thus, this study aims to investigate the sources and levels of fear of negative evaluation as well as language anxiety among Turkish students as EFL learners,…

  6. Effectiveness of Learning Strategies over Reading Comprehension, Writing Skills and Learners’ Attitudes towards Turkish Course

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    ?. Dilek BELET

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This study, which attempts to determine the effectiveness of learning strategies on reading comprehension, writing skills and learners’ attitudes towards theirTurkish course, was carried out by the controlled pre/posttest model of the experimental model. The study subjects were 5-A and 5-B groups attending Ahmet Olcay Primary School throughout 2004-2005 academic year in the fall semester. There were 22 students in the experimental group, 21 students in the control group, totally 43 students participated in this study. Data collection process was achieved through an academic achievement test, developed by the researcher, course materials, structured observation forms and the “Attitude Scale Regarding Turkish Course” developed by Acat (2000. According to the findings of the study: reading comprehension skills, writing skills and attitudes towards the Turkish course were developed via learning strategies.

  7. The Turkish Minority in Bulgaria

    OpenAIRE

    Marina Liakova

    2012-01-01

    The Turks constitute the largest ethnic minority in Bulgaria. The Turkish minority is well represented in politics and public administration, but it only marginally takes part in social and economic life in Bulgaria. In the public perception of the ethnic Bulgarians negative attitudes towards “the Turks” and Islam prevail, which can be traced back to the Ottoman era.

  8. The Turkish Minority in Bulgaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Liakova

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The Turks constitute the largest ethnic minority in Bulgaria. The Turkish minority is well represented in politics and public administration, but it only marginally takes part in social and economic life in Bulgaria. In the public perception of the ethnic Bulgarians negative attitudes towards “the Turks” and Islam prevail, which can be traced back to the Ottoman era.

  9. Trends in Turkish Education Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varisoglu, Behice; Sahin, Abdullah; Goktas, Yuksel

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine trends in the subject areas, methods, data collection tools, data analysis methods, and sample types used in recent studies on Turkish education, published in journals from 2000-2011. A total of 558 articles from 44 journals were selected from databases by the purposive sampling method and examined using…

  10. The Contribution of Gender, Socio-Economic Status and Socio-Cultural Influence to Turkish Students' Task Value Beliefs in Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahraman, Nurcan; Sungur-Vural, Semra

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate how well gender, socio-economic status of family, and socio-cultural influences (perceived parents' achievement goals, and perceived teachers' achievement goals) predict middle school students' task value beliefs in science. Background Characteristics Survey, Motivated Strategies for Learning…

  11. STUDY AND PRACTICES AT MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION FOR NATIVE LANGUAGE EDUCATION TURKISH CHILDREN LIVING ABROAD

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    Ülker ?EN

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Ministry of National Education is one of the important official organization for native language education of Turkish children living abroad. National Education Council, Board of Education and Discipline, Directorate-General for External Relations, General Directorate for Services for Education Abroad are parts of the Ministry of National Education and there have been some studies and practices for native language education. This study has been aimed to examine and present above-mentioned study and practices at Ministry of National Education. For this aim, “Project of Our Citizens Living in the Distance” and “National Education Councils” have been included in the scope. Project of Our Citizens Living in the Distance has being enforced for orientation of Turkish children living abroad with keeping their own culture alive. This Project has been included to; “Develop Turkish and Turkish Culture Lessons Teaching Program for Children Living Abroad, prepare and distribute lesson books, student books and guide book for teachers axis of this program, giving lecture and information about above-mentioned materials and to teachers working abroad, education consultant. Developing using Turkish language ability correctly, fluently and effectively, build a website for presenting of Turkish culture.” On the other hand, Council, highest commission at Ministry of National Education, have been entrusted with examining and decisioning about educational activities. Council has been convened 17 times until today. But no one of this convede has been included an agenda item about Turkish children living abroad. 10, 12, 15 and 17th National Educational Council has been included some informations about education of Turkish children living abroad.

  12. USE OF THE STORIES FORMED WITH DRAMA IN TURKISH EDUCATION

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    Ömer Tu?rul KARA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available New Turkish Program has been based upon activities that will provide participation of students to the educational process. Story formation with drama which is one of the most suitable activities to actualize requirements of the Turkish education is to animate improvised or proverbial stories using drama techniques. What has been meant with the expression of story formation in drama studies is to accommodate story genre into animation of other genres including texts based upon events rather than dramatization of the genre’s itself. Through the animation of the story, the student will have the opportunity of examining, analyzing and solving the problems related to real life. While concepts such as hero, target, obstacle /event have been the primary elements of story formation, concepts such as speech line and metaxis (dramatic existence are the secondary elements. There can be provided the acquisition of four basic language abilities to be actualized, association of linguistic concepts with daily life and exposure of a hidden ability into the light through the stories formed with drama in Turkish lessons. This study has been carried out using the scanning model and relevant researches within the bounds of the subject have been benefited.

  13. Turkish Adaptation of Motor Activity Log-28

    OpenAIRE

    Engin Çakar; Ümit Dinçer; Mehmet Zeki K?ralp; Hilmi K?laç; Nejat Tongur; Edward Taub

    2010-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of the work reported here was to provide a practical model for translation and cultural adaptation of a rehabilitation test instrument, while carrying out the Turkish adaptation of Motor Activity Log-28 (MAL-28). We translated the MAL-28 into Turkish in a manner that would allow the work carried out with Turkish speaking patients to be compared directly with the published studies using this instrument, which have mainly had English speaking subjects.Materials and Method...

  14. An Investigation of Metaphors on the Concept of Teacher among Preservice Turkish Teachers

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    Talat AYTAN

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the perception of preservice Turkish teachers with respect to the concept of teacher through metaphors. The research has the research pattern adopted the phenomenology pattern, a qualitative research approach which prioritizes examining and understanding social phenomena within the context they belong to. The participants consist of freshman students studying at the departments of Turkish Language Teaching at Yildiz Technical University (46, Sabahattin Zaim University (36 and Aydin University (32 during 2013- 2014 academic year. The present study is of a particular importance since the sample includes preservice students from private universities. The questions pursued in the study are which metaphors preservice Turkish teachers produce for the concept of teacher and which conceptual categories those metaphors are sorted out based on their common features. To that end, the participants are asked to complete the sentence “A teacher is like ..... , because ......”. Content analysis, a qualitative data analysis method, is employed during the data analysis process. According to the findings, the preservice Turkish teachers have produced 42 valid metaphors. The results obtained in the research yield that preservice Turkish teachers consider the concept of teacher as source of information, mentor and guide, example of love and sacrifice, molder.

  15. Effectiveness of Learning Strategies over Reading Comprehension, Writing Skills and Learners’ Attitudes towards Turkish Course

    OpenAIRE

    ?. Dilek BELET; Ya?ar, ?efik

    2007-01-01

    This study, which attempts to determine the effectiveness of learning strategies on reading comprehension, writing skills and learners’ attitudes towards theirTurkish course, was carried out by the controlled pre/posttest model of the experimental model. The study subjects were 5-A and 5-B groups attending Ahmet Olcay Primary School throughout 2004-2005 academic year in the fall semester. There were 22 students in the experimental group, 21 students in the control group, totally 43 students...

  16. Concept Maps and Language: A Turkish Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilic, Gulsen Bagci

    2003-01-01

    Concept maps are being used by an increasing number of educators in Europe and the US. This paper has four goals. First, it discusses problems in developing Novak's style concept maps in Turkish caused by linguistic differences between Turkish and English. Second, it reports the findings of a research study conducted to adapt concept maps to…

  17. Geographic Education in Turkish High Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tas, Halil I.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a review of geographic curricula, teaching methods, materials and assessments in Turkish high schools. Geopolitics and political instability have contributed to large fluctuations in emphasis on geography in Turkish education and have also affected the content of the geography curriculum.

  18. Relationship satisfaction among Turkish and British adults

    OpenAIRE

    Celenk, Ozgur; Goodwin, Robin; Vijver, Alphonsius Josephus Rachel

    2011-01-01

    We tested three theories (adult attachment, autonomy/relatedness, and gender roles) to understand relationship satisfaction among 150 British and 170 Turkish adults, all involved in romantic relationships. Avoidance, relatedness, autonomy–relatedness, and masculinity mediated the relationship between culture and romantic relationship satisfaction. Additionally, as anticipated, Turkish participants scored lower on relationship satisfaction and autonomy whereas British participants scored low...

  19. Exploring the Sociotropy-Autonomy Dimensions in a Sample of Turkish Psychiatric Inpatients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, Nesrin; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Explored sociotropy and autonomy among 70 Turkish psychiatric inpatients and 189 university students, who were administered Beck Depression Inventory, Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale, Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire, and Sociotropy-Autonomy Scale. Results seem to support relationship of sociotropy with other depression measures in both samples.…

  20. Exploration of Problematic Internet Use and Social Interaction Anxiety among Turkish Pre-Service Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuhadar, Cem

    2012-01-01

    The current study investigated the relationship between problematic Internet use and social interaction anxiety among pre-service teachers. Participants were 1235 students attending teacher training programs at a Turkish state university. The "Problematic Internet Use Scale" and "Social Interaction Anxiety Scale" were used to collect the data.…

  1. The Effect of Reading Strategies on Reading Comprehension in Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolukbas, Fatma

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine which reading strategies students use while learning Turkish as a foreign language and investigate the effects of these strategies on reading comprehension skill. Conducted in compliance with "pretest-posttest control group model" as the experimental design, this research involved totally 36…

  2. The Effects of Coping Humour and Gender on College Adjustment in Turkish Freshmen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oguz-Duran, Nagihan; Yuksel, Asuman

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the roles of coping humour and gender in the college adjustment of Turkish freshmen. Considering greater happiness and academic achievement as predictors of initial college adjustment, data were gathered from a sample of 574 students using the Subjective Well-Being Scale (SWS) and the Coping Humour…

  3. Prospective Turkish Primary Teachers' Views about the Use of Computers in Mathematics Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dogan, Mustafa

    2012-01-01

    The use of computers and technology in mathematics education affects students' learning, achievements, and affective dimensions. This study explores prospective Turkish primary mathematics teachers' views about the use of computers in mathematics education. The sample comprised of 129 fourth-year prospective primary mathematics teachers from two…

  4. Individual Differences in the Mental Rotation Skills of Turkish Prospective Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turgut, Melih

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of gender, academic performance and preschool education on mental rotation skills among Turkish prospective teachers. A total of 525 undergraduate students (364 female) from a government university located in western Turkey completed the Mental Rotation Test (MRT). A three-way [2 (gender) × 5 (academic…

  5. The adaptation study of oral communication strategy inventory into Turkish

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    Mehtap Kavaso?lu

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Individuals use a variety of strategies in the course of speaking which can be identified via measurement tools. In the literature, strategy inventories are regarded as the most commonly used measurement tools. However, most of the strategy inventories lack the reliability and validity studies. Furthermore, most of them represent strategies that the learner could use throughout the language learning process and they are not directly relevant to the skill of speaking. Moreover, in the literature, most of the studies carried out on speaking strategies are based on the inventories developed for learners learning English as a second language. With respect to other measurement tools, Oral Communication Strategy Inventory (OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 for Japanese learning English as a foreign language had a clear factor structure and it seemed less problematic. Thus, the purpose of this study was to adapt OCSI into Turkish. Our concern in the adaptation study of OCSI is to investigate whether oral communication strategies classified in OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 would also measure Turkish EFL students’ speaking strategy use.Within the scope of adaptation study, the inventory was translated to Turkish and evaluated with the method of back translation. The equivalence between English form and Turkish form, construct validity and internal consistency were examined. The research was conducted with 808 students studying English as a foreign language at ELT departments of three different universities and Anatolian High schools. Based on the findings concerning the reliability and validity studies, it can be concluded that the classification of the original form of OCSI differs from the adapted version to some extent in that the Turkish form is made up of seven factors in contrast to the original inventory consisting of eight factors. Non verbal strategies which existed in Nakatani’s original inventory did not appear in the adaptation form. Instead, the items that consist of nonverbal strategies gave loadings to negotiation for meaning strategies, which implies that the purpose of the interlocutors while using one strategy may be culture specific.

  6. Türkiye’deki Üniversitelerin Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. S?n?f Ö?rencilerinin Türkoloji Kavram?na ?li?kin Alg?lar? Perception Of The Turkology Concept Among Fourth Grade Students Of The Departments Of Turkish Language And Literature In The Un?versities In Turkey

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    Serdar YAVUZ

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The Turkology, having been developed from the point of view ofEast, Islam and linguistic researches in the Europe of the 19 thcentury, has been, in the present, a science which searches whateverexists related to The Turks. Since the Turkologists, particularly in theearly periods, have been concentrated on linguistic researches andutilized the point of view and methods of it, the Turkology has only beenconceptually identified with the Turkish Language. The Turkology, asthe effect of these studies, has been perceived as the Turkish language.The purpose of this study is to reveal the perceptions of the fourthgrade students in the department of Turkish Language and Literaturein Turkish universities via metaphors they develop. The working groupof the study consists of 320 students studying in the departments ofTurkish Language and Literature of seven universities in sevengeographical regions (Marmara Region, Aegan Region, MediterraneanRegion, Central Anatolia Region, Eastern Anatolia Region, SouthEastern Anatolia Region inside the borders of the Turkish Republic.The data of the study has been obtained by each student completing thesentence: “Turkology is like ..., because...”. In the phase of dataanalysis, a technique of contents analysis, which can associate with therelations and concepts that are capable of explaining the data, has beenused. As a result of the research it is detected that % 87 of students offourth class Turkish Language and Literature Departments have apositive perception, % 11,4 of them have negative perception and % 0,9of them have both positive and negative perception about the termTurkology. Students having positive perception develop the areas ofadding value, discipline, research; students having negative perceptionsdevelop scientific lackness, work job anxiety, negative conduct; studentshaving both negative and positive perception develop metaphors underthe name of both positive and negative code. 19. yüzy?l Avrupa’s?nda ?slam, Do?u ve dil ara?t?rmalar? ekseninde geli?en Türkoloji, günümüzde Türk’e ait ne varsa inceleyen bir bilim hâline gelmi?tir. Özellikle ilk dönemlerde Türkologlar?n dil ara?t?rmalar?na yo?unla?mas?, onun bak?? aç?s? ve yöntemlerini kullanmas? nedeniyle Türkolojinin sadece kavramsal olarak Türk diliyle özde?le?mesine neden olmu?tur. Bu çal??malar?n etkisiyle Türkoloji, Türk dili gibi alg?lanm??t?r. Bu çal??man?n amac?, Türkiye’deki üniversitelerin Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin “Türkoloji” kavram?na ili?kin alg?lar?n?, geli?tirdikleri metaforlar arac?l???yla ortaya ç?karmakt?r. Ara?t?rman?n çal??ma grubunu, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti s?n?rlar?nda bulunan yedi co?rafi bölge (Marmara Bölgesi, Ege Bölgesi, Akdeniz Bölgesi, ?ç Anadolu Bölgesi, Karadeniz Bölgesi, Do?u Anadolu bölgesi ve Güneydo?u Anadolu Bölgesi ve bu bölgeler içerisinde bulunan 7 üniversitenin Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. s?n?f?nda okuyan 320 ö?renci olu?turmaktad?r. Ara?t?rman?n verileri her ö?rencinin “Türkoloji… gibidir, çünkü …” cümlesini tamamlamas?yla elde edilmi?tir. Verilerin analiz edilmesinde ise toplanan verileri aç?klayabilecek kavramlara ve ili?kilere ula??labilecek olan içerik analizi tekni?i kullan?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n sonunda Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin % 87,7’sinin Türkoloji kavram?na ili?kin olumlu, % 11,4’ünün olumsuz ve % 0,9’unun ise hem olumlu hem de olumsuz bir alg?ya sahip olduklar? tespit edilmi?tir. Olumlu alg?ya sahip ö?renciler; de?er katma, disiplin, inceleme alan?; olumsuz alg?ya sahip ö?renciler bilimsel eksiklik, i? kayg?s?, olumsuz tutum; hem olumlu hem de olumsuz alg?ya sahip ö?renciler ise hem olumlu hem de olumsuz tutum kodu alt?nda toplanan metaforlar geli?tirmi?tir.

  7. Effectiveness of Tablet PCs in the Classroom: A Turkish Case

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    Ylhan VARANK

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Due to their innovative features, tablet PCs have rapidly taken their places in the classrooms as the potential instructional tools that may address some problems associated with traditional lecture-based pedagogy. The purpose of this case study is to investigate to what extend the use of tablet PC facilitates instructional processes in the classroom and to what extend it affects students’ performance expectancy, effort expectancy, attitude and behavioral intention. A qualitative approach was used to analyze the data. A total of 32 traditional-aged sophomore students at a teacher training program from a north-western Turkish university participated in the study. It was found that the students’ performance expectancies, effort expectancies and attitudes toward the use of tablet PCs in education were not high. However, though the students had unpleasant experiences with tablet PCs in the instruction they were not pessimistic about using tablet PCs outside of the classroom.

  8. The Turkish Version of the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised

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    Pelin D. Catak

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The mindfulness approach to psychotherapy has become a topic of continuously growing scientific interest. In accordance with such interest, various self-report assessment tools have been developed to measure the mindfulness construct. The majority of the studies conducted to investigate the properties of these assessment instruments included Western populations. Thus, the measurement of mindfulness in non-Western cultures still requires further research. Based on this premise, the psychometric properties of the 10 item Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R were investigated in two different studies using two non-clinical Turkish samples. In Study 1, the psychometric properties of the 10 item CAMS-R were examined in an undergraduate student sample (N = 265. Study 2 extended the examination of the psychometric properties of the CAMS-R to an adult community sample consisting of white-collar public employees (N = 88. The results of both studies showed that the Turkish CAMS-R possessed acceptable levels of internal consistency and the scale displayed convergent as well as concurrent validity. Statistically meaningful relationships were found between mindfulness as measures by Turkish CAMS-R and depression, anxiety, well-being as well as perceived stress. The findings from both studies suggest CAMS-R retains its psychometric properties when utilized in a non-Western culture and the Turkish version of CAMS-R is a valid instrument which can be used to measure mindfulness in the Turkish population.

  9. THE SELF SUFFICIENCY PERCEPTION OF THE TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES ON USING CREATIVE DRAMA METHOD

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    Latife KIRBA?O?LU KILIÇ

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The self sufficiency perception of the Turkish teacher candidates on using creative drama method is desired to be determined in this study. Surveymethod was used in the study. The research group is consisted of 112 fourth grade students of Turkish Teaching Department at Fatih Education Faculty of Black Sea Technical University in 2011-2012 education terms. “The self-sufficiency scale on using creative drama method” which was built up by Can ve Cantürk-Günhan (2009 was used as data collecting device in this study. The scale consist of 47 questions and the type is 5 point likert scale. Cronbach alfa reliability coefficient of the scale is calculated 0, 96. As a result has been determined that Turkish teacher candidates have self sufficiency “I reasonably agree” level on using creative drama method.?

  10. ECONOMIC ETHIC IN TURKISH PROVERBS

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    Abdullah ÖZBOLAT

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Economic ethic means sum of motifs and suggestions for the practical value and the preferred size in the regulating the daily lives of people. In this study that examines whether the attitude of economic ethic in proverbs, it has been argued in this study that proverbs have been inculcate an economic ethic to the Turkish society and proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism have not been consist of understanding of “a cardigan, a bite” (bir lokma, bir h?rka. Economic ethic that express an attitude against the world in the conceptual basis, on hand, is ascetism and fasting against leave from the path of God of goods of world on the other hand, is seeking of balance between for acquisition of property and maintaining a modest life as indispensable means. Individual in the economic ethic is in an effort to reconcile these two different poles relating to goods in the world. While forming the boundaries of this study proverbs that used in Turkey Turkish in the context of economic ethic, economic ethic in proverbs refers to properties such as halal earnings, frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence. It is possible to specify culture that inculcates accumulation and savings, it has been influence past experience such as hunger, famine and a religion that order to work in the forming of codes of historical and social meaning. Additionally it has been influence of seeking of balance of Sufi culture in the attitude against world and ethic in the proverbs. As a result, it refers to properties such as halal earnings frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence, proverbs in Turkey Turkish and it has not been with one-dimension of proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism.

  11. HISTORICAL VIEW OF CARDINAL VOWELS IN TURKISH

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    Fatih ÖZEK

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Turkish is a rich language in terms of presence of vowels. There are eight vowels that originated from the relationship between palatalité, aperture and labialité in terms of their characteristics in general Turkish. These are /a/, /e/, /?/, /i/, /o, /ö/, /u/ and /ü/. In general, /a/, /i/ and /u/ are considered as cardinal vowels in Turkish. According to this viewpoint, Turkish has a triple vowel system consisting of /a/, /i/ and /u/ in the periods when Turkish could not be pursued in writing. /e/, /?/, /o, /ö/ and /ü/ vowels have also originated from these three cardinal vowels. Thus, our study is limited to a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels. Periodical restriction of the study is Historical Turkish Dialects Köktürk, Uighur, Karakhanid, Khorezmian, Kipchak, Chagatai and Old Oghuz Turkic languagesIn this study we are aiming to determine the following;1. Sources of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels in the historical Turkish dialects,2. Presence of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels in the first syllables and other than first syllables,3. Sound events taking place in the /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels and their reasons,4. relations of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels among themselves and with the consonants,5. whether or not /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels and sound events taking place in these vowels are determinative within a historical dialect.

  12. THE ATTITUDES OF TURKISH CHILDREN WHO LIVE IN BELGIUM TOWARDS TURKISH IN TERMS OF DEMOGRAPHICAL FEATURES

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    Ülker ?EN

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to find out the attitudes of Turkish children who live inBelgium towards Turkish in terms of demographical features. Research design ofthis study is scanning model. The participants are 198 Turkish children who tookTurkish and Turkish Culture course in 2010-2011 education year in Anvers, Gent,Genk and Brussel regions of Belgium, were chosen randomly and aged between 11-15.In order to reach data for the study, “Attitude Scale of Turkish Children WhoLive Abroad Towards Their Mother Tongues” and “Personal Information Form”,which were developed by the researchers, were used. SPSS 19.0 package programwas used for analyses. In the study the findings from the analyses were interpretedas significant with 0.05 significance level.After the research, it has been seen that the attitudes of Turkish Children wholive in Belgium towards their mother tongue are high (among the points of none, alittle, middle, high and full. Moreover, the attitudes of the Turkish children inBelgium who participated in the study towards Turkish have been revealed not tochange significantly in terms of gender, age, mother’s educational status, father’seducational status, father’s job, the frequency of going to Turkey and the length ofresidence.

  13. Turkish Teachers’ Practices of Assessment for Learning in the English as a Foreign Language Classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Hüseyin Öz

    2014-01-01

    Recently there has been a noticeable paradigm shift in educational assessment where assessment and student learning are viewed as inseparable and assessment is perceived as a tool for supporting student learning. This study was designed to investigate Turkish teachers’ preferences of common assessment methods in the English as a foreign language (EFL) classroom, their Assessment for Learning (AFL) practices, and determine whether they differed in their AFL practices according to some va...

  14. Speaking anxiety among Turkish EFL learners: The case at a state university

    OpenAIRE

    Gökhan Öztürk; Nurdan Gürbüz

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the level, major causes, determining factors of foreign language speaking anxiety and students’ perceptions of it in a Turkish EFL context. Pre-intermediate students (N=383) of an English preparatory program at a state university participated in the study. The data regarding the level of EFL speaking anxiety were collected through a questionnaire, and then, randomly selected participants (N=19) were interviewed to get in-depth data on speaki...

  15. An Overall Analysis of Teaching Compulsory Foreign Language at Turkish State Universities

    OpenAIRE

    ÇAKIR, ?smail

    2007-01-01

    The aims of teaching compulsory foreign language are:  teaching students the basic rules of the language in question, improving their vocabulary in that foreign language, enabling students to express themselves and understand the text relevant to their field.  Theoretically, these objectives specified by Higher Education Council (YÖK) are quite rational in terms of foreign language teaching, but in practice to attain them adequately is unfortunately not always possible at Turkish state uni...

  16. Turkish version of the academic motivation scale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Can, Gürhan

    2015-04-01

    -The purpose of this study was to adapt the college version of the Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) into Turkish. The participants were 797 college students (437 men, 360 women) with a mean age of 20.1 yr. A seven-factor model of the scale, as well as alternative models (five-, three-, two-, and one-factor models) were investigated and compared through confirmatory factor analysis. The seven-factor model demonstrated adequate fit to the data. The fit indices obtained from the five-factor model were acceptable also. Hancock's coefficient H values and test-retest correlation coefficients of the subscales indicated that reliability of the scale was adequate except for the identified regulation subscale. The CFA conducted for the groups of men and women produced more acceptable fit indices values for men than women, but women obtained significantly higher scores from the AMS subscales. Correlations among the seven subscales partially supported the simplex pattern which claims that the neighboring subscales should have stronger positive correlations than the non-neighboring subscales and that the subscales which are the farthest apart should have the strongest negative relationships. PMID:25826436

  17. Reflections on the development of an EFL reading programme for middle school students of varied levels of English

    OpenAIRE

    Barfield Randall

    2003-01-01

    This personal-experience article attempts to share with the reader an EFL reading and grammar programme that was designed in 2002 for a group of 12 to 14-year olds (6th and 7th graders) whose English levels varied from almost nil to semiconversational. Multi-levels of English in any given group present a considerable challenge to either the EFL or ESL teacher, needless to say. More than one of these students exhibited evidence of a learning disability, not only in L2 but in L1 as well. F...

  18. Global New Turkish Lira Bond Issuances

    OpenAIRE

    Gormez, Yuksel; Yilmaz, Gokhan

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this study is to analyze current and likely future impacts of the issuance of New Turkish lira (YTL) denominated borrowing instruments by many global financial institutions around the major financial centres. These bonds are strong source of evidence for international confidence on stabilization efforts in Turkey and they are an indicator of bilateral acceptance of the de facto convertibility of YTL. They may also create an opportunity for the Turkish economy to mitigate nega...

  19. The English-Swedish-Turkish Parallel Treebank

    OpenAIRE

    Megyesi, Beáta; Dahlqvist, Bengt; Csató, Éva Á.; Nivre, Joakim

    2010-01-01

    We describe a syntactically annotated parallel corpus containing typologically partly different languages, namely English, Swedish and Turkish. The corpus consists of approximately 300 000 tokens in Swedish, 160 000 in Turkish and 150 000 in English, containing both fiction and technical documents. We build the corpus by using the Uplug toolkit for automatic structural markup, such as tokenization and sentence segmentation, as well as sentence and word alignment. In addition, we use basic lan...

  20. Tagging and Morphological Disambiguation of Turkish Text

    OpenAIRE

    Oflazer, Kemal; Kuruoz, Ilker

    1994-01-01

    Automatic text tagging is an important component in higher level analysis of text corpora, and its output can be used in many natural language processing applications. In languages like Turkish or Finnish, with agglutinative morphology, morphological disambiguation is a very crucial process in tagging, as the structures of many lexical forms are morphologically ambiguous. This paper describes a POS tagger for Turkish text based on a full-scale two-level specification of Turk...

  1. Using a Corpus for Teaching Turkish Morphology

    OpenAIRE

    Guvenir, H. Altay; Oflazer, Kemal

    1995-01-01

    This paper reports on the preliminary phase of our ongoing research towards developing an intelligent tutoring environment for Turkish grammar. One of the components of this environment is a corpus search tool which, among other aspects of the language, will be used to present the learner sample sentences along with their morphological analyses. Following a brief introduction to the Turkish language and its morphology, the paper describes the morphological analysis and ambig...

  2. Discourse of Mobbing in Turkish Press

    OpenAIRE

    Ece Karado?an Doruk

    2011-01-01

    Mobbing (Psychological violence in working place) has been researched especially by the scientists making researches in organizational communication for last 20-25 years. In Turkey, mobbing concept is a newer research field. In this study, how the news regarding mobbing has been given in Turkish press will be analyzed with Van Dijk?s discourse analysis.How the news regarding mobbing has taken place in Turkish press will be analyzed by applying Van Dijk?s discourse analysis. From the year ...

  3. MEASURING THE EFFICIENCY OF TURKISH APPAREL RETAILERS

    OpenAIRE

    Nazan ERDUMLU; Canan SARIÇAM

    2013-01-01

    This study analysed the efficiencies of Turkish apparel retailers in 2010 by using actual retail data based on the research conducted by PricewaterhouseCoopers and published in Turkish-Time periodical by using data envelopment analysis method in Excel Solver. The efficiencies of the retailers were evaluated in terms of overall technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency. In addition, input targets for each company were calculated in order to identify the improvement r...

  4. The Turkish Adaptation of Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale: The Validity and Reliability Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa ?LHAN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to adapt the Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale (ITIS by Abd-El-Fattah and Yates (2006 to Turkish and to investigate its psychometric properties. The study was conducted on four different samples which consisted of 689 students who studied different subjects at the Ziya Gokalp Faculty of Education, Dicle University, during the Fall Term of the 2012-2013 Academic Year. The findings on the linguistic equivalence indicated that the correlation between the items included in the Turkish and original form varied between .81 and .96. The factor analysis concluded that the Turkish version had a two-factor structure in parallel with the original one. As for the concurrent validity, the calculation of correlation between the ITIS and AGOS reported findings similar to the ones in the literature. The reliability coefficients were over .70 for both the entity theory and incremental theory. The item analysis reported that the corrected item total correlations ranged from .33 and .63 and the differences between the top and bottom 27% groups were significant for all the items included in the scale. All these findings suggest that the Turkish version of the ITIS is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used to measure university students’ beliefs about intelligence.

  5. “The Conquering or Fall of Istanbul” Analyzing of the Conquering or Fall of Istanbul Topic in the Turkish and Greek History and Social Studies Textbooks

    OpenAIRE

    Filippidou, Elenie; Banu ÇULHA ÖZBA?

    2014-01-01

    School history textbooks play an important role in teaching students about their national identity. Historical narratives presented in the textbooks incorporate conceptions of who people are and how they are linked to particular location. However, these narratives are never static. As known some changes were made in Turkish and Greek history and social studies textbooks recently.  The aim of this article is to analyze Turkish and Greek old and new history/social studies textbooks in the topi...

  6. Perceived antecedents of marital satisfaction among Turkish, Turkish-Dutch, and Dutch couples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Celenk, Ozgur; van de Vijver, Fons J R

    2013-01-01

    We studied mainstream couples in The Netherlands and Turkey as well as Turkish-Dutch immigrant couples to address cultural factors associated with marital satisfaction. A total of 13 Turkish (mainstream couples living in Turkey), 19 Turkish-Dutch (Turkish immigrant couples living in The Netherlands), and 17 Dutch (mainstream couples living in The Netherlands) married dyads (total of 98 individuals) were independently interviewed about positive and negative characteristics of marriages, determinants of general marital satisfaction and dissatisfaction, spousal communication, marital conflict, and marital roles. Multivariate tests revealed ethnic group differences on all marriage-related domains except the conflict resolution strategies. However, univariate analyses showed differences in few themes within domains; main differences were assessed between the Turkish/Turkish-Dutch (who put more emphasis on children and economical aspects) and Dutch couples (who put more emphasis on behavior, and personality of the spouse, reciprocity, emotional sharing, and psychological roles). Turkish-Dutch couples were more similar to Turkish than to Dutch couples. Results were discussed in light of the socioeconomic development and cultural value theories, which are believed to provide a useful framework for understanding the role of culture in marital satisfaction. PMID:23126343

  7. Reproductive hormone profile and pubertal development in 14-year-old boys prenatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls

    OpenAIRE

    Grandjean, Philippe; Grønlund, Ciea; Kjær, Ina M.; Jensen, Tina Kold; Sørensen, Nicolina; Andersson, Anna-maria; Juul, Anders; Skakkebæk, Niels E.; Budtz-jørgensen, Esben; Weihe, Pal

    2012-01-01

    Because polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are thought to cause endocrine disruption, we examined 438 adolescent boys from a birth cohort in the Faroe Islands, where PCB exposures are elevated. We measured PCBs and p,p?-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) in cord blood and in serum from clinical examination at age 14. Higher prenatal PCB exposure was associated with lower serum concentrations of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone. In addition, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG...

  8. Randomised placebo-controlled trial of inhaled sodium cromoglycate in 1-4-year-old children with moderate asthma

    OpenAIRE

    Tasche, M. J. A.; Wouden, J. C.; Uijen, J. H. J. M.; Ponsioen, B. P.; Bernsen, R. M. D.; Suijlekom-smit, L. W. A.; Jongste, J. C.

    1997-01-01

    Abstract BACKGROUND: Inhalation therapy with sodium cromoglycate is recommended as the first-line prophylactic treatment for moderate asthma in children. The availability of spacer devices with face-masks has extended the applicability of metered-dose inhalers to younger children. We studied the feasibility and effects of this therapy compared with placebo in children aged 1-4 years. METHODS: 218 children aged 1-4 years with moderate asthma were recruited through 151 general practitio...

  9. Perinatal characteristics among early (10–14 years old) and late (15–19 years old) pregnant adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Alves João; Cisneiros Rosangela; Dutra Luciana; Pinto Renato

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Pregnancy in adolescents is a worldwide health problem and has been mostly common in poor populations. It is not clear if socioeconomic or biological factors are the main determinants of perinatal adverse outcomes in pregnant adolescents. Adolescents under 15 years old may present a high growth rate which may contribute to impair fetal growth. Our aim is to compare perinatal characteristics among early (aged 10 to 14 years) and late (aged 15 to 19 years) pregnant adolescen...

  10. Reproductive hormone profile and pubertal development in 14-year-old boys prenatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grandjean, Philippe; GrØnlund, Ciea

    2012-01-01

    Because polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are thought to cause endocrine disruption, we examined 438 adolescent boys from a birth cohort in the Faroe Islands, where PCB exposures are elevated. We measured PCBs and p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) in cord blood and in serum from clinical examination at age 14. Higher prenatal PCB exposure was associated with lower serum concentrations of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone. In addition, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) was positively associated with both prenatal and concurrent PCB exposures. The PCB-SHBG association was robust to covariate adjustment. In a structural equation model, a doubling in prenatal PCB exposure was associated with a decrease in LH of 6% (p=0.03). Prenatal exposure to PCB and DDE showed weak, non-significant inverse associations with testicular size and Tanner stage. DDE was highly correlated with PCB and showed slightly weaker associations with the hormone profile. These findings suggest that delayed puberty with low serum-LH concentrations associated with developmental exposure to non dioxin-like PCBs may be due to a central hypothalamo-pituitary mechanism.

  11. Perinatal characteristics among early (10–14 years old and late (15–19 years old pregnant adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alves João

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pregnancy in adolescents is a worldwide health problem and has been mostly common in poor populations. It is not clear if socioeconomic or biological factors are the main determinants of perinatal adverse outcomes in pregnant adolescents. Adolescents under 15 years old may present a high growth rate which may contribute to impair fetal growth. Our aim is to compare perinatal characteristics among early (aged 10 to 14 years and late (aged 15 to 19 years pregnant adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed using data from Pernambuco State 2009, obtained from DATASUS/SISNAC, a Brazilian Government, open-access public health database. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between early (aged 10–14 years and late (aged 15–19 years pregnant adolescents. Family income was compared between early and late pregnant adolescents using a sample of 412 subjects evaluated at Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP during 2011. Statistical comparisons were made using the chi-square test was used with a significant level of 0.05; bivariate and multivariate analysis were performed. This project was approved by the Institutional Ethics Review Board. Results Data from 31,209 pregnant adolescents were analyzed. 29,733 (95.2% were aged 15 to 19 years and 1,476 (4.7% were aged 10 to 14 years. There were significant differences with respect to marital status, education level and number of prenatal visits of mothers aged 10 to 14 years compared to 15 to 19 years. Of importance, early adolescents had a greater rate of neonates born premature and with low birth weight. Prematurity and low birth weight remained statistically significant after multivariate analysis. Conclusions Early aged adolescents may have an increased risk of prematurity and low birth weight. These findings highlight the potential role of biological factors in newborn outcomes in pregnant adolescents.

  12. Variations in pregnancy outcomes by race among 10-14-year-old mothers in the United States.

    OpenAIRE

    Leland, N L; Petersen, D.J.; Braddock, M; Alexander, G. R.

    1995-01-01

    This study used the 1983-86 U.S. Linked Live Birth-Infant Death Files to examine variations in pregnancy outcomes among 38,551 U.S. resident black and white adolescents ages 10 through 14. The birth rate was 4.29 per 1,000 for blacks, more than 7 times the rate for whites (.59 per 1,000). Black mothers had higher proportions of very low and low birth weight infants than did whites (very low birth weight: 3.7 versus 2.6; low birth weight: 15.0 versus 10.5). Neonatal and infant mortality rates ...

  13. Peak growth velocity of height, body mass and subcutaneous fat in 10 to 14-year-old boys and girls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Carriconde Marques

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O pico de velocidade em crescimento, mais especificamente em estatura, é o indicador de maturação somática mais comumente utilizado em estudos longitudinais em adolescentes, Os objetivos deste estudo foram: a descrever o momento e a magnitude dos picos de velocidade em estatura (PVE, em massa corporal (PVMC e no somatório de dobras cutâneas tricipital e subescapular (PVDC em um grupo de meninos e meninas, acompanhados dos 10 aos 14 anos de idade, b comparar estas variáveis entre os sexos, e c relacionar o momento dos picos de velocidade das três variáveis. Os sujeitos do estudo foram 70 escolares (35 meninos e 35 meninas, acompanhados dos 10 aos 14 anos de idade. Os resultados demonstraram que o pico de velocidade, nas três variáveis, ocorreu, em média, dos 12 para os 13 anos nos meninos e dois anos antes nas meninas, e a magnitude média dos picos de velocidade apresentou diferenças entre os sexos apenas no PVDC, sendo favorável às meninas. O período em que ocorreram o PVE, o PVMC, e o PVDC não apresentou correlação signifi cativa. Contudo, as análises individuais demonstraram que na maioria dos indivíduos o PVE e o PVDC aconteceram no mesmo período ou com o PVDC ocorrendo um ano após o PVE. Frente a estes resultados, conclui-se que em termos médios, o PVE, o PVMC ocorrem cerca de dois anos antes nas meninas, havendo diferença entre os sexos na magnitude apenas da gordura subcutânea. Além disto, conclui-se que existe grande variabilidade individual no período em que os picos de velocidade em EST, MC e DC ocorrem durante a adolescência, mas a maioria dos indivíduos apresenta os PVE e PVDC em períodos muito próximos. ABSTRACT Peak growth velocity, especially of height (PHV, is the most used indicator of somatic maturity in longitudinal studies of adolescents. The objectives of this study were: a to describe the time and magnitude of the peak height velocity (PHV, the peak weight velocity (PWV, and the peak subcutaneous fat velocity (PSFV of a group of boys and girls followed from 10 to 14 years of age, b to compare these variables between sexes, and c to relate the time and magnitude of the three peaks with each other. The study sample was made up of 70 schoolchildren (35 boys and 35 girls who were followed from age 10 to age 14. The results demonstrated that the peak growth velocity of the three variables occurred at 12 to 13 years old among the boys, and two years earlier among the girls. Only the magnitude of PSFV exhibited signifi cant difference, with the girls having higher values. The periods during which PHV, PWV, and PSFV occurred, did not present any significant correlations with each other. Nevertheless, the individual analyses indicated that, in a large proportion of the subjects, peak velocities occurred at the same time, or PSFV occurred one year later than PHV. Based on these results, we conclude that PHV, PWV, and PSFV occur about two years earlier among girls, with a significant difference between the sexes in terms of the magnitude of peak velocity only existing for PSFV. Moreover, we conclude that there is great individual variability at the period that PHV, PWV and PSFV occur during adolescence, but that the greater part of the sample exhibited PHV and PSFV very close together.

  14. Learning Styles Of The Turkish Teaching Students ( TÜRKÇE E??T?M? BÖLÜMÜ Ö?RENC?LER?N?N Ö?RENME ST?LLER? VE BUNLARIN ÇE??TL? DE???KENLERLE ?L??K?S?: GAZ? ÜN?VERS?TES? ÖRNE??

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tazegül DEM?R

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available ÖzetBu çal??mada, her seviyedeki ö?rencilerin bireysel farkl?l?klar?na ba?l? olarak farkl? ö?renme biçimleri oldu?u dü?üncesinden hareketle, Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n ö?renme stillerini ve bunlar?n, ö?rencilerin ö?renim alanlar?, cinsiyetleri ve mezun olduklar? liseyle olan ili?kisini tespit etmek amaçlanm??t?r. Ayr?ca çal??mada Kolb taraf?ndan ortaya konulan ve ö?rencilerin bireysel ö?renme farkl?l?klar?na (ö?renme stillerine dayanan ya?ant?ya dayal? (deneyime dayal? ö?renme modeli incelenmi?tir. Ara?t?rma, Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi E?itim Fakültesi Türkçe E?itimi Bölümünde ö?renim gören 200 ö?renci üzerinde gerçekle?tirilmi?tir. Ara?t?rmada, ö?retmen adaylar?n?n ö?renme stillerinin belirlenmesi için Kolb Ö?renme Stili Envanteri ve ö?rencilerin ki?isel bilgilerini edinmek için de bu envantere eklenmi? ki?isel bilgi formu uygulanm??t?r. Elde edilen veriler do?rultusunda yap?lan frekans analizi ve Kay-Kare (chi square istatistiksel i?lemleri sonucunda, Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n ço?unlu?unun ayr??t?r?c? ve özümseyici ö?renme stillerine sahip olduklar?, bu ö?rencilerin ö?renme stillerinin onlar?n cinsiyetleri ve lisedeki ö?renim türleriyle anlaml? bir ili?ki göstermedi?i; mezun olduklar? liseyle ö?renme stilleri aras?nda anlaml? bir ili?ki oldu?u tespit edilmi?tir.AbstractIn this study, the aim has been to learn the learning styles of candidate Turkish teachers and the relationship between these learning styles and the schooling and sexes of these students bearing in mind the fact that students have different learning styles in all levels due to their individual differences the experimental learning style which was stated by Kolb and which is based on students’ individual learning differences has been studied. The study was carried out among 200 students who are attending Gazi Faculty of Education, Department of Turkish Teaching. In the study, Kolb Learning Styles Inventory and some survey questions added to this inventory were used to determine the learning styles of the candidate teachers. As a result of frequency and chi square analysis carried out with the data obtained, it was found out a majority of candidate turkish teachers had convergers and assimilators learning styles. There wasn’t a significant relationship between the learning styles of these students and their sex and high school education. However, it was found out that there was a meaningful relationship between the high school they graduated from and their learning styles.

  15. Scientific Items in Cyprus Turkish Tales

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    Sevilay Atmaca

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Folk literature, which is a production of daily life experiences transferred from mouth to mouth, encompasses many types such as epic, legend, folk poetry, mania, laments, songs, riddles, tales, folk story, anecdote, proverbs, idioms, rhymes, and etc. These products, which represent the oral tradition of the people, transfer numerous information regarding the life experiences, beliefs, and values of their communities to the next generation. Tales are more attractive since they depict extraordinary events and because of these characteristics they are very didactic. These are some reasons why tales have a very significant place in Turkish folk literature. People have documented tales successfully transferring from a nomadic life to a settled one. This study attempts to determine the scientific elements in Cyprus Turkish Tales, as sample in the scope of the Turkish Tales, through content analysis. Researchers in this study will examine the themes in the selected tales such as “Earth and Cosmos”, “Physical Event”, “Matter and Change”, and “Living Organisms and Life”. They will also provide a code-list according to the themes found in the tales. Researchers will do a content analysis in relation to the themes and code-listing activities in “Cyprus Turkish Tales” collected by Mustafa Gökçeo?lu, a well-known Cyprus Turkish folk literature writer. It is seen from the research that living organism and life (f: 25 and matter and change (f: 24 themes have very abundant coded. It is followed with an orderly physical events theme (f: 13 and earth and cosmos theme (f: 6. As a result, it is seen that in samples which are taken from Turkish Cypriot Tales, scientific items are widely used. It is believed that the results of the study will give different perspectives to Turkish Language, literature, science-technology, and classroom teacher providing them with interdisciplinary and rich materials.

  16. Physical Profiles of Turkish Young Greco-Roman Wrestlers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arslanoglu, Erkal

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to evaluate some physical properties of Turkish National Greco-Roman wrestlers and reveal the profile of Turkish Young National Greco-Roman athlete. A total of 48 male athletes who were from Turkish Young National Greco-Roman Wrestling Team participated in this study. This study was carried out at Wrestling Federation…

  17. E-Learning Turkish Language and Grammar: Analyzing Learners' Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgalas, Panagiotis

    2012-01-01

    This study analyses the behavior and the preferences of the Greek learners of Turkish language, who use a particular e-learning website in parallel with their studies, namely: http://turkish.pgeorgalas.gr. The website offers free online material in Greek and English language for learning the Turkish language and grammar. The traffic of several…

  18. STUDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS OF THE REALIZATION PROCESS OF PROJECT AND PERFORMANCE TASKS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL TURKISH LANGUAGE COURSE (CASE OF MALATYA CITY ?LKÖ?RET?M TÜRKÇE DERS? PROJE VE PERFORMANS GÖREVLER?N?N GERÇEKLE?T?R?LME SÜREC?NE YÖNEL?K Ö?RENC? GÖRÜ?LER? (MALATYA ?L? ÖRNE??

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Turan S?NAN

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine students’ views about the implementation of project and performance tasks in second level primary school Turkish Language curriculum. A-28 item five-point Likert type Project and Performance Task scale was used to collect the data. The research group consisted of sixth, seventh and eighth grade students enrolled in 12 primary schools located in four education regions in Malatya city center. To analyze the data, independent groups t test was used in terms of gender variable and One Way Anova was used in terms of class level and socio-economic level of the schools. Turkish Language Education curriculum was found effective in using project and performance tasks as an alternative measurement and evaluation tool. By taking into consideration project and performance tasks as a process centered measurement and evaluation application, students should be provided a suitable environment where they can construct the knowledge. Bu ara?t?rman?n amac?, ?lkö?retim ?kinci Kademe Türkçe Dersi Ö?retim Program?’ndaki proje ve performans görevlerinin uygulanmas?na ili?kin ö?renci görü?lerini belirlemektir. Ara?t?rmada veri toplamak amac? ile 28 maddeden olu?an be?li Likert Tipi Proje ve Performans Görevleri Ölçe?i kullan?lm??t?r. Bu ara?t?rman?n çal??ma grubunu, Malatya il merkezinde dört e?itim bölgesinden seçilen 12 ilkö?retim okulundaki 6, 7 ve 8. s?n?f ö?rencileri olu?turmaktad?r. Verilerin analizinde cinsiyet de?i?kenine göre ba??ms?z gruplar t testi, s?n?f ve sosyoekonomik düzey de?i?kenlerine göre varyans analizi kullan?lm??t?r. Alternatif ölçme ve de?erlendirme araçlar?ndan olan proje ve performans görevlerinin uygulanmas? noktas?nda Türkçe Ö?retim Program?n?n genel olarak etkili oldu?u belirlenmi?tir. Proje ve performans görevlerinin süreç odakl? ölçme ve de?erlendirme uygulamalar? oldu?u göz önünde bulundurularak, ö?renciye bilgiyi yap?land?raca?? ortam ve destek sa?lanmal?d?r.

  19. Study of Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Core Bereavement Items Research Article

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    Yavuz Selvi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Core Bereavement Items (CBI that assess the intensities of the bereavement reaction of bereaved individuals. Methods: The study involved 50 bereaved subjects who had lost a loved one through death within the past two months and 50 unbereaved subjects who had not experience such a loss within the past 5 years or more prior to the test. Internal consistency and homogeneity were tested by the Cronbach’s and Pearson’s correlation coefficients. The student’s t-test and Pearson’s correlation coefficient were used for rest-retest reliability. Validity was assessed with the student’s t-test in independent groups.Results: Psychometric analyses showed that the Turkish version of the CBI had a high internal consistency (a=0.94. As for internal consistency, the • ranged between 0.46 and 0.87 for each item. The items of the CBI discriminated the bereaved group from the unbereaved group, except for items 4, 8, 9, 10.Conclusion: The Turkish version of the CBI has appropriate reliability and validity for assessing the intensity of bereavement. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2011; 48: 129-34

  20. Turkish Version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS- 42: Psychometric Properties

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    Nazan Bilgel

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study explores the reliability, the construct and convergent validity of the Turkish version of the DASS-42.Methods: The Turkish-language version of the DASS-42 was administered to a non-clinical sample, broadly representative of a university student population (N=1102 in terms of demographic variables. Competing models of the latent structure of the DASS were derived from theoretical and empirical sources and evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis. The convergent validity of the scale was examined by correlating it with the previously validated and frequently used Turkish version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: The best fitting model of the latent structure of the DASS consisted of three correlated factors corresponding to the depression, anxiety, and stress scales. The reliability of the DASS was excellent and the measure possessed adequate convergent validity.Conclusion: The Turkish version of the DASS-42 is a reliable and valid measure of the constructs it was intended to assess. This measure was found useful for evaluating depression, anxiety, and stress in non-clinical population. Further studies are needed to study the utility of this measure in psychiatric patients. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2010; 47: 118-26

  1. Turkish Adaptation of Motor Activity Log-28

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    Engin Çakar

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of the work reported here was to provide a practical model for translation and cultural adaptation of a rehabilitation test instrument, while carrying out the Turkish adaptation of Motor Activity Log-28 (MAL-28. We translated the MAL-28 into Turkish in a manner that would allow the work carried out with Turkish speaking patients to be compared directly with the published studies using this instrument, which have mainly had English speaking subjects.Materials and Methods: The translation and cultural adaptation were carried out according to the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research guideline (ISPOR using the following steps: forward translation, reconciliation, back translation, back translation review, harmonization, cognitive debriefing, review of cognitive debriefing test results and finalization. The participants were thirteen eligible patients chosen from a total of 21 post-stroke patients. Results: Twenty-two of the 28 items were identical in the three forward translations, while six required minor modifications to make them appropriate for use in Turkish-speaking patients.Conclusion: A practical model for translation and cultural adaptation of the MAL-28 into Turkish was employed. The translated and adapted test proved to be easily understood by the patients and interviewer. Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2010;56:1-5.

  2. Intercultural Communication Skills among Prospective Turkish Teachers of German in the Context of the Comparative Country Knowledge Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basbagi, R. Ragip

    2012-01-01

    This study develops and provides a sample implementation of a seminar for the "Comparative Country Knowledge" course taught in the German Language Teaching departments of Turkish universities. The study was conducted with the participation of forty-seven 1st year students attending a German Language Teaching department. As part of the study,…

  3. Cross-Cultural Validation of the Beck Depression Inventory-II across U.S. and Turkish Samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canel-Cinarbas, Deniz; Cui, Ying; Lauridsen, Erica

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to test the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) for factorial invariance across Turkish and U.S. college student samples. The results indicated that (a) a two-factor model has an adequate fit for both samples, thus providing evidence of configural invariance, and (b) there is a metric invariance but "no" sufficient…

  4. TECHNOLOGY RELATED EXPECTATIONS OF TURKISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE LEARNERS AT HACETTEPE UNIVERSITY

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    Mahir KALFA

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Aside from ‘lingua franca’ of the current age, technology enhanced language learning is stil in its infancy for the less commonly taught languages. Hacettepe TOMER has been teaching Turkish as a foreign/second language to the exchange students for several years though; technology related expectations of the language learners have never been precisely determined. The current study, as an action research of which the institution would benefit from, aimed to explore the language learners’ technology related expectations. The sample of the study is 17 foreigner students attending Turkish as a second language programs with different native languages. The data were gathered through a questionnaire form developed by the researchers and a thorough literature review. The results revealed that HUTOMER should enhance their technologic facilities and improve the quality of the language education provided at the institution because participants do expect more multimedia resources during their language education. Suggestions were made for further research.

  5. Discourse of Mobbing in Turkish Press

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ece Karado?an Doruk

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Mobbing (Psychological violence in working place has been researched especially by the scientists making researches in organizational communication for last 20-25 years. In Turkey, mobbing concept is a newer research field. In this study, how the news regarding mobbing has been given in Turkish press will be analyzed with Van Dijk?s discourse analysis.How the news regarding mobbing has taken place in Turkish press will be analyzed by applying Van Dijk?s discourse analysis. From the year of 1997 when the news related to the mobbing appeared to today, what kinds of differences happened in news discourses especially with taking place of mobbing in Turkish Criminal Law, will be analyzed.

  6. Innovative Constructions in Dutch Turkish: An Assessment of Ongoing Contact-Induced Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dogruoz, A. Seza; Backus, Ad

    2009-01-01

    Turkish as spoken in the Netherlands (NL-Turkish) sounds "different" (unconventional) to Turkish speakers in Turkey (TR-Turkish). We claim that this is due to structural contact-induced change that is, however, located within specific lexically complex units copied from Dutch. This article investigates structural change in NL-Turkish through…

  7. CONTEMPORARY USAGE OF TRADITIONAL TURKISH MOTIFS IN PRODUCT DESIGNS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tulay Gumuser

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to identify the traditional Turkish motifs and its relations among present industrial designs. Traditional Turkish motifs played a very important role in 16th century onwards. The arts of the Ottoman Empire were used because of their symbolic meanings and unique styles. When we examine these motifs we encounter; Tiger Stripe, Three Spot (Çintemani, Rumi, Hatayi, Penç, Cloud, Crescent, Star, Crown, Hyacinth, Tulip and Carnation motifs. Nowadays, Turkish designers have begun to use these traditional Turkish motifs in their designs so as to create differences and awareness in the world design. The examples of these industrial designs, using the Turkish motifs, have survived and have Ottoman heritage and historical value. In this study, the Turkish motifs will be examined along with their focus on contemporary Turkish industrial designs used today.

  8. Modelling and forecasting Turkish residential electricity demand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This research investigates the relationship between Turkish residential electricity consumption, household total final consumption expenditure and residential electricity prices by applying the structural time series model to annual data over the period from 1960 to 2008. Household total final consumption expenditure, real energy prices and an underlying energy demand trend are found to be important drivers of Turkish residential electricity demand with the estimated short run and the long run total final consumption expenditure elasticities being 0.38 and 1.57, respectively, and the estimated short run and long run price elasticities being -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. Moreover, the estimated underlying energy demand trend, (which, as far as is known, has not been investigated before for the Turkish residential sector) should be of some benefit to Turkish decision makers in terms of energy planning. It provides information about the impact of past policies, the influence of technical progress, the impacts of changes in consumer behaviour and the effects of changes in economic structure. Furthermore, based on the estimated equation, and different forecast assumptions, it is predicted that Turkish residential electricity demand will be somewhere between 48 and 80 TWh by 2020 compared to 40 TWh in 2008. - Research highlights: ? Estimated short run and long run expenditure elasticities of 0.38 and 1.57, respectively. ? Estimated short run and long run price elastici short run and long run price elasticities of -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. ? Estimated UEDT has increasing (i.e. energy using) and decreasing (i.e. energy saving) periods. ? Predicted Turkish residential electricity demand between 48 and 80 TWh in 2020.

  9. The Adaptation of the Adolescent Food Habit Checklist to the Turkish Adolescents.

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    Inci Arikan

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adolescent Food Habit Checklist (AFHC is an instrument designed to measure eating behaviours of adolescents. The aim of the study was to adapt AFHC for the Turkish cultural settings and evaluate its? reliability and construct validity. Methods: Forward and backward translations were carried out and Turkish version of the AFHC was generated. AFHC was administered to 347 students attending second grade primary school. Validity and reliability analyses were used for the assessment of the study data. Results: Four item with the inter-item correlation below 0,2 was eliminated from Turkish version of AFHC. The final instrument consist of 19 items, evaluating consumption of sugar (4 item, fat (6 item, fruit-vegetable (6 item, carbohydrate and fast food (2 item and general diet (1 item. The inter-item correlation of these items were between 0,21 and 0,46. The instrument was internally consistent, with Cronbach's alpha-coefficients of 0,718. There was positive correlation with test-retest reliability ( r=0.854; p<0.001. AFHC scale score of obese, overweight adolescents were (8,74±4,03 lower than normal weight (10,53±3,39 adolescents ( p=0.003. Boys (9.22±3.46 had lower scale scores than girls (11.18±3.42 ( p<0.001 demonstrating construct validity. Conclusions: The Turkish version of AFHC questionnaire is reliable and valid measure evaluating Turkish adolescents eating behaviours. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(1.000: 49-56

  10. Aroma Compounds of Some Traditional Turkish Cheeses and Their Importance for Turkish Cuisine

    OpenAIRE

    Fügen Durlu-Özkaya; ?lhan Gün

    2014-01-01

    Cheese is so important to the Turkish cuisine. It is eaten plain as part of the traditional Turkish breakfast, used in salads, and incorporated into cooked foods such as b?rek, pide, menemen and also used for some traditional desserts. There are several types of cheeses with different characteristics and aroma compounds, and they can be used for preparation of various foods as an additive. The formation of cheese aroma basically associated with lipids, proteins and lactose...

  11. THE STUDY OF FINANCIAL STRUCTURE OF TURKISH HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM

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    Ali R?za ERDEM

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Who will meet the financing of education cost, or in other words sponsorship to education, has traditionally been a social concern as in other teaching steps. Actually, this discussion is closely related to inner and outer obstacles and financial matters as well as required qualifications and efficiency of education.As the scope of the finance in education is the state, the scope of the finance in higher education is the state itself because higher education has been, so far, heavily considered as a public service whose expenses are extensively met through public sources in each country except the USA and several other countries. However, the financing of the cost of the increasing demand to higher education only with social sources is nowadays being interrogatedHigher education is a service of high cost. Financing ways of higher education in various countries range a large spectrum from institutions sponsored only by students’ contribution fees without any other supports else for institutions whose all higher educational expenses, including feeding and accommodation, are completely met through social sources.Financing of Turkish Higher Education service is mostly handled two different models: the state and foundation universities. The first one, state’s universities, have traditionally adopted “a financial system relying on national sources” while foundation ones have developed their own “exclusive financing”. Today, budget financing accounts for nearly %80 of the budget allocated for state’s universities. In the year 1973, the classical budge system was replaced by “program budget system”, and then in 1998 was converted into a joint budget system. The current system, analytic budget system” has been in practice since 2004. However, in foundation universities, the main approach is treasure aids to make contributions to their expenses provided it remains limited with the payment in the budgetDespite the increase in the number of students in Turkish Higher Education system, the portion reserved from the state’s budget has declined. Therefore, decline in portion of higher education allocated in the budget has also caused our higher education institutions to make up new ways of searching for exclusive sources apart from public, one of which is to increase the fee paid by students. However, such an increase in students’ education fee has brought together some discussion concerning “unequal opportunities in higher education” particularly in terms of groups of middle and lower income.“The income of the higher education” in Turkish Higher Education system is socially 8.5% and individually 16.2 %. As for the global average of the income of the higher education, it has socially been 10.8% for ages, and individually 19 %. Judging from there figures, we could conclude that the income of investments performed by higher education in Turkey falls back of the global average. Briefly, such a case has turned the efficiency of the allocated financial share for the Turkish Higher Education service into too controversial matter.

  12. AWARENESS AND COMPETENC?ES OF THE TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES ABOUT CONSTRUCTIVE TEACHING APPROACH

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    Mehmet Nuri KARDA?

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Turkish teacher candidates are expected to graduate with adequate equipment being aware of the theoretical and practical knowledge within the framework of the constructive teaching approach which is in practice as teaching approach during the pre-vocational training. However, it is a fact that the teachers who are educated with learning by doing education approach shaped according to the needs of students and with student-centered education will able to educate individuals who will answer the requirements of age, closely follow develeopments, renew themselves. In this context, the purpose of this study is to reveal awareness and competencies of the Turkish teacher candidates about '' constructive teaching approach '' by getting their own opinions. Research comprises students of three state universities from faculty of education, department of Turkish Education and the research has been carried out on 250 teacher candidates answering the questions in " Awareness and competencies form about constructive approach '' . The research data have been collected through open-ended questions. "Content analysis" , from qualitative analysis technicques, has been used in the evaluation and assessment of data. Themes and categories have been described with direct quotations from participants and paticipation of categories percentage and frequency values have been calculated. Research findings were identified under these themes; not any education given with constructive approach (n=120, not enough knowledge and experience about constructive approach and techniques (n=72, education given with constructive approach (n=38 and other (n=20. As a result of research; it is determined that Turkish teacher candidates of %84,8 (n=212 have enough awareness, knowledge and experience about "constructive teaching approach" and participants of %15,2 (n=38 have enough knowledge about constructivism.

  13. Turkish adaptation of the physical education trait anxiety scale: The validity and reliability study

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    Yaprak Kalemo?lu Varol

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to adapt the Physical Education Trait Anxiety Scale developed by Barkoukis, Rodafinos, Koidou and Tsorbatzoudis (2012 in Turkish. Being in English originally, this scale consists of 18 items and 3 dimensions. First of all, the original scale was translated into Turkish for adaptation study. It was aimed to determine whether the Turkish form and English form had the same meaning in the practice, the original and then the translated form of the scale were applied two weeks apart on a group of high school students. Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient was considered to test the consistency between scores obtained from the both scales and it was found to be .995. Accordingly, high-level, positive and significant relationship was found between Turkish and English scales. The scale with lingual equivalence was applied on a total of 190 high-school students. Internal consistency coefficient of the whole scale was found to be .94 and test-retest reliability of the scale was found to be .96. Internal consistency coefficient was found to be .93 for the first sub-dimension "Cognitive Processes"; .97 for the second sub-dimension "Somatic Anxiety" and .98 for the third sub-dimension "Worry". Factor analysis was conducted to determine the construct validity of the scale. To this end, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA was applied to test the three-factor construct of the scale. According to the validity and reliability analyses, it was found that this scale is a reliable and valid scale to be used to determine the trait anxiety levels of high school students towards physical education in Turkey.

  14. Factors Influencing International Students' Choice to Study in Turkey and Challenges They Experience in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özoglu, Murat; Gür, Bekir S.; Coskun, Ipek

    2015-01-01

    Turkey is increasingly becoming a regional hub for international students. The number of international students in Turkish universities has grown by almost 300% in the last decade. The current internationalization efforts of the Turkish government and universities have the potential to make Turkey an even more attractive destination for…

  15. Friendship Preferences among German and Turkish Preadolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jugert, Philipp; Noack, Peter; Rutland, Adam

    2011-01-01

    This study examined changes in and predictors of preference for same-ethnic friendships among German (N = 106) and Turkish (N = 45) preadolescents (M age = 10.4 years) during their 1st year in an ethnically heterogeneous school. Drawing on the contact hypothesis, it examined the relation between children's attitudes and their preference for…

  16. Turkish Geography Trainee Teachers' Perceptions of Geography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkis, Secil

    2009-01-01

    This study examines Turkish geography trainee teachers' perceptions of geography as a discipline and perceptions of the aim of geographical education. This study pursues the ideas of Catling (2004) and uses his classification. The sample in the research consists of 136 geography trainees at six different universities in Turkey. The questionnaire…

  17. Conflict Management Styles of Turkish Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozkalp, Enver; Sungur, Zerrin; Ozdemir, Aytul Ayse

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine Turkish managers conflict styles in different sectors, namely durable consumer goods, aviation, automotive and banking. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 130 managers conflict management styles were assessed by applying the Rahim's 1983 Organizational Conflict Inventory-II. Findings: First,…

  18. Turkish Adaptation of the Gratitude Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yüksel, Asuman; Oguz Duran, Nagihan

    2012-01-01

    Problem Statement: Although the study of gratitude in psychology has a very short history, the findings of several studies underline the role of gratitude in enhancing individual well-being. Therefore, it is important to be able to assess levels of individual gratitude in counseling and research settings. Since, in the Turkish literature, no…

  19. Report on the Turkish energy sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The government of Turkey has made a concerted effort to expand cooperation with energy-rich CIS countries, the Russian Federation, the Middle East and African countries in order to meet its growing energy demands. As an industrializing country with expanding energy-intensive industries, energy demand in Turkey is expected to double by the year 2010. To meet this demand, it is estimated that a total investment of $45 billion U.S. will be needed for power production facilities alone, and an additional $10 billion U.S. will be required for transmission and distribution facilities. The Turkish government is giving high priority to pipeline projects, as well as thermal (mostly gas-fired) and hydro electric power producing projects. The government also plans to add nuclear power to its generating capacity, even though the first nuclear power plant project is currently on hold. Foreign technology and capital is needed in order to address the problem of the energy deficit and save the Turkish economy from power shortages. It was noted that the success of the Turkish market will depend on the capabilities of investors to raise the required project financing. Several Canadian companies have participated in energy development projects in Turkey as consultants, engineers, equipment suppliers and contractors and have acquired a favourable image in the Turkish market. Real opportunities exist for Canadian companies to partner with local companies in the services for oilfield developanies in the services for oilfield development, pipeline construction and power generation. The key for long term success for Canadian firms in the Turkish market will be to demonstrate a local presence and ensure effective monitoring of opportunities in project development

  20. THE EFFECTS OF JIGSAW-IV TECHNIQUE ON THE FOREIGN STUDENTS LEARNING THE BASIC TENSES IN TURKISH - JIGSAW-IV TEKN???N?N YABANCI Ö?RENC?LER?N TÜRKÇEDEK? TEMEL ZAMANLARI Ö?RENMELER? ÜZER?NDEK? ETK?S?

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    Fatma BÖLÜKBA?

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study has been conducted with the aim of identifying the effects of Jigsaw-IV technique, which is one of the cooperative learning techniques, on the students learning Turkish as a foreign language skill of learning basic tenses. To this study in which as an experimental pattern post-test control group pattern is used, 32 students consisting of 16 experimental and 16 control group students who learn Turkish as a foreign language at Istanbul University Language Center attended. While Jigsaw-IV technique is used in grammar activities of teaching basic tenses in the experimental group, in the control group traditional teaching methods are used. As teaching of basic tenses start from A1 level (present continuous tense and continue until the end of A2 level (simple past tense, future tense, reported past tense and simple present tense, this study lasted for 16 weeks in the grammar activities of basic tenses. The data of the study has been collected with “The Use of Present Continuous Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Simple Past Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Future Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Reported Past Tense Achievement Test”, and “The Use of Simple Present Tense Achievement Test” developed by the researcher. As a result of the study, it has been observed that in all tests in which basic tense knowledge of students is tested, the average achievement of the experimental group in which Jigsaw-IV technique is used is higher than the achievement of the control group. Bu çal??ma, Jigsaw-IV tekni?inin yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen ö?rencilerin Türkçedeki temel zamanlar? ö?renme becerileri üzerindeki etkisini belirlemek amac?yla yap?lm??t?r. Son-test kontrol gruplu modelin kullan?ld??? bu çal??maya, ?Ü Dil Merkezi’nde yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen 32 ö?renci kat?lm??t?r. Deney grubunda Jigsaw-IV tekni?i kullan?l?rken; kontrol grubunda geleneksel ö?retim modeli uygulanm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n verileri, ara?t?rman? taraf?ndan geli?tirilen “?imdiki Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Belirli Geçmi? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Gelecek Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Belirsiz Geçmi? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi” ve “Geni? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi” ile toplanm??t?r. Ara?t?rma sonucunda, temel zamanlar?n s?nand??? tüm testlerde deney grubunun ortalamalar?n?n kontrol grubunun ortalamalar?ndan daha yüksek oldu?u görülmü?tür.

  1. The state of independent auditing in the Turkish commercial code

    OpenAIRE

    Tuan, Koray; Arioglu, Emrah

    2014-01-01

    Turkish Commercial Code No. 6762, which was implemented for over 55 years, promoted the development of commercial activity in a modern order. However, in time, Turkish Commercial Code became insufficient to cover the current needs. Thus, the need for the preparation and adoption of a new commercial code became inevitable as a result of major changes in the economy and trade life of Turkey and the rest of the world. Consequently, the new Turkish Commercial Code No. 6102 was published on Februa...

  2. An essay upon the business cycle facts: the Turkish case

    OpenAIRE

    Levent, Korap

    2006-01-01

    In our paper, we try to investigate the main determinants of the Turkish business cycles. Having examined some important issues of interest in business cycle theory, we estimate the business cycle stylized facts for the Turkish economy and compare the estimation results obtained in this paper to some benchmark papers chosen in business cycle literature. All in all, our estimation results give support to the importance of supply side models in explaining the Turkish business cycles in line wit...

  3. E-LEARNING TURKISH LANGUAGE AND GRAMMAR: Analyzing Learners' Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Panagiotis GEORGALAS

    2012-01-01

    This study analyses the behavior and the preferences of the Greek learners of Turkish language, who use a particular e-learning website in parallel with their studies, namely: http://turkish.pgeorgalas.gr. The website offers free online material in Greek and English language for learning the Turkish language and grammar. The traffic of several modules of the website has been measured, examined and analyzed. The research was carried out between the years 2010- 2011 and included the analysis of...

  4. The role and importance of maritime culture in Turkish cuisine

    OpenAIRE

    Turgay Bucak; O?uz Ta?p?nar

    2014-01-01

    One of the most important factors in the formation of the culinary culture of a society is its geographic location. In order to talk about maritime culture in a society’s cuisine, a presence of sea-coast is required. In this context, the formation of marine culture in Turkish cuisine started after Ottomans became neighbours with Aegean, Mediterranean and Black sea. Today, sea products have a substantial place in Turkish cuisine. This contributes to richness of Turkish cuisine and also ensur...

  5. Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version

    OpenAIRE

    Ay?egül KART; M. Hakan Türkçapar

    2013-01-01

    Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the validity and reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire -Turkish Version (ACQ). Method: ACQ was administered to 92 patients with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Reliability of ACQ was analyzed by test-retest correlation, split-half ...

  6. Turkish Independence War and its consequences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru?Nicolae Cucu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available At the end of the First World War, the Ottoman Empire collapsed and the Great Powers came to take the control of its territories. Having a strategic position at the southern gate of Europe, all of Turkish lands were very important for the First World War winners, both to secure European borders and to develop the trade between Europe and Middle East. On the other side, under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk command, a new Turkey with a strong nationalist way decided to fight for emancipating. Winning the war with the Great Powers not only in a military way, but also from a diplomatic perspective, the new Turkey became a modern regional power, having institutions and laws that assured its prosperity and security. Taking into consideration the independence war evolution, this paper wants also to show the diplomatic capability of Turkish leaders to balance between powers involved in the region.

  7. Turkish Text Retrieval Experiments Using Lemur Toolkit

    OpenAIRE

    Y?lmaz, Kutlu Emre; Arslan, Ahmet; Yilmazel, Ozgur

    2014-01-01

    We used Lemur Toolkit, an open source toolkit designed for Information Retrieval (IR) research, for our automated indexing and retrieval experiments on a TREC-like test collection for Turkish. We study and compare three retrieval models Lemur supports, especially Language modeling approach to IR, combined with language specific preprocessing techniques. Our experiments show that all retrieval models benefits from language specific preprocessing in terms of retrieval quality....

  8. Social Capital Formation among Turkish Women

    OpenAIRE

    Gizem Arat; Arzu Icagas?oglu-Coban; Gonca Polat

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to identify Turkish women’s social capital formation. This study consisted of 170 women with low SES residing closer to shantytowns. The authors performed the Logistic regression analysis to examine the social capital formation (civic engagement, trust, social participation, and social networks) of women in terms of six variables (age, educational level, employment and marital status, homeownership, community centers, and the length of stay in the same n...

  9. An analysis of Turkish hydropower policy

    OpenAIRE

    Erdogdu, Erkan

    2011-01-01

    Over the last decade, Turkish electricity demand has increased more than 8% per annum as a result of economic development. Being one of the renewable energy sources par excellence, non-exhaustible, non-polluting and economically more attractive than other renewable sources, hydropower has turned out to be an important contributor to the future energy mix of the country. This paper deals with hydropower policies to meet increasing electricity demand for sustainable energy development in Turkey...

  10. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis: review of Turkish reports.

    OpenAIRE

    Ucan, E. S.; Keyf, A. I.; Aydilek, R.; Yalcin, Z.; Sebit, S.; Kudu, M.; Ok, U.

    1993-01-01

    Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare disorder, only 173 cases having been reported worldwide. Fifty two cases from Turkey are reported, 49 of which have previously been described only in Turkish publications. The mean age of the patients was 27 (SD 12) years, 34 were male, and 10 were symptomless. In 40 of the 52 cases diagnosis was confirmed histopathologically. Nineteen cases were diagnosed in siblings. This high rate suggests that pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a familial dise...

  11. Gini Decomposition by Gender :Turkish Case

    OpenAIRE

    Kaya, Ezgi; Senesen, Umit

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to reveal the gender inequalities in income distribution for Turkey by using decomposition of Gini coefficient, a common income inequality measure. A new decomposition method, Dagum's approach for decomposition of the Gini coefficient is used in the study. In the analysis, the decomposition of the Gini coefficient by gender is applied to Turkish individuals twice. First Gini coefficient for total disposable income is decomposed to examine the gender disparities in ind...

  12. External Debt: Some Experience From Turkish Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Zahoor Hussain Javed; Ahmet Sahinoz

    2005-01-01

    The study pin downs vital role of the emerging field of external debt and debt indicators in Turkish economy with emphasis on empirical relationship of external debt, debt indicators between growth, investment and exports over the period 1983-2002. Present results suggest that the substantial raise in the stock of external debt put negative effect on investment, positive effect on exports and has no effect on growth. Present results imply that if policy maker wants to increase social welfare ...

  13. TURKISH MONUMENTS IN ERDEML?-GÜZELOLUK VILLAGE

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    Lokman TAY

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, Turkish monuments in Güzeloluk Village of Erdemli County are studied. As a result of the field work one mosque, one school, one fountain, one primary school and school house are found. Mosque, school and fountain belong to Ottoman era, while primary school and school ouse belong to Republic era. Buildings maintain their original forms mostly and reflect their respective times in terms of architecture and decoration.

  14. Unconventional treatment methods in Turkish migraine sufferers

    OpenAIRE

    Selekler, H. Macit; Komsuog?lu, Sezer

    2004-01-01

    We wanted to document Turkish migraine sufferers’ unconventional therapy methods learnt from their social environment and discuss the historical background and possible action mechanisms of these methods. Unconventional therapy methods were documented among 482 migraine patients who consulted Kocaeli University Medical Faculty, Neurology Department’s “Headache outpatient clinic”. Among 482 migraine patients, 154 sufferers (31.9%) had been using unconventional therapy methods. Among th...

  15. TURKISH BANKING SECTOR’S PROFITABILITY FACTORS

    OpenAIRE

    Acaravci, Songu?l Kakilli; C?alim, Ahmet Ertug?rul

    2013-01-01

    Profitability of banking sector is the most important instrument of financial system for the future of the economy. The objective of this study is to determine by using Johansen and Juselius cointegration test approach of the bank specific and macroeconomic factors that affect the profitability of commercial banks in Turkish banking sector. In study, the data are collected from the three biggest state-owned, privately-owned and foreign banks. The sample period spans from 1998 to 2011. In the ...

  16. MARKS OF GENDER CATEGORY IN TURKISH LANGUAGE

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    Enfel DO?AN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Sex and gender are under a grammatical category of the words in several languages, which shows the differentation presented in terms of masculinity, feminity or neutrality. While the category of gender exists in most of Indo-European languages and in the languages belonging to the semitic languages, it doesn’t exist in Altaic languages and Turkish language. So the words don’t have gender. However, it is affirmed by some linguists that the morphemes regarded as gender affixes take place in some words in Turkish language. When Turkish vocabulary are investigated to be able to see the traces of gender category, morphological features are not encountered as in the languages which have this category. But, considering the existance of some examples, it is possible to entitle and offer a suggestion. In this article, regarding the opinions over the subject, an evaluation will be carried out, the examples we think they have traces of gender category in terms of semantic and lexical will be classified and some new terms will be proposed.

  17. IN THE CONTEMPORARY TURKISH PAINTING TRADITIONAL INTERACTION

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    Erol KILIÇ

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Since the establishment of the Republic, we are witnesses to effording to form identity by Turkish painters in Turkish painting as in other areas of the arts. Turgut Zaim and Nurullah Berk are the first examples we can give. The early 1950s, intense discussions were made on the identity in the fields of art and in this context, artists have tried their first products in traditional interaction. While Turgut Zaim and Nurullah Berk's miniature interactive experiments were going on, in parallel with the influencing progress of the artists of abstract expressionist art, Calligraphy in Turkey, ornaments and decorative surface and creating an image of the carpet-rug patterns are seen in the effects. Initially, traditional interaction which was appeared as a formal has continued to be internalized in the following process and affected on creations of young artists generation after 1970 period. Traditional interaction is still going on in the individual creations of young Turkish artists at the present.

  18. Searching Physical Fitness Norms by Eurofit Tests of Male Students in The Age Group of 12-14

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    Bilgehan BAYD?L

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to make adetermination about the case, by searching Eurofit tests and physicalfitness norms of boy students in the age group of 12-14 at Kastamonu Region, and to make a contribution to literature. The investigation was mode on the age group of 12-14 years old, volunteered 63 boy students who are studying at Gazipaa Primary Education School and Merkez Primary Education School that were chosen at random, in Kastamonu. Height and weight, measure of subcutan fat flamingo balance test, test of touching to discs, flexibility, long jump by pausing, strenght shuttle test, 10x5 m runnig test, vertical jumping test by pausing and 20 m shuttle run test, were applied to these students.

  19. Socio-Cultural Approaches to Tourism: A Research on the “Tourist” Notion of Young Turkish People

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    Ferika Özer Sari

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Significance of tourism sector in Turkey is constantly expanding. Correspondingly the importance of the economic and socio-cultural impact of tourism also continues to develop. Because tourism draws tourists get into closer contact with the locals it has positive and negative effects on the destination. In general the aim of tourists is satisfying their expectations at the maximum degree during their stay. On the other side locals who live and work in the destination region have a primary role in welcoming them and satisfying the tourists’ needs and expectation. Turkish society is particularly well known for many generations as being very hospitable. Current research aims to reveal whether the young Turkish people sustain traditional “Turkish Hospitality” and to see their thoughts about tourists. The field research has been conducted on students of a foundation university located in Izmir and these young people’s point of view on tourists has been investigated by face to face interviews. It has been concluded that there is a weakening trend, nevertheless the notion of hospitality remains.

  20. A cultural adaptation study of multimedia course materials forum to Turkish

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    Fezile Özdaml?

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to translate into Turkish and establish the validity and reliability of a forum used to evaluateteacher candidates’ studies about multimedia course materials which they had created in project?based learning. Theresearcher created the “Evaluation of multimedia course materials which teacher candidates had created in project basedlearning” forum in 2007 using selected statements from a website which that supports materials for teachers. The forumhas been translated into Turkish using the back?translation method. The forum was administered to a randomly selectedsample of 202 teacher candidates (100 females and 102 males from various departments of Near East University in Cypruswho enrolled in the course “Instructional Technologies and Material Development”. The validity of Turkish form hadaccording to expert opinion. Statistical analyses showed that the reliability of the forum to be 0.93 (Cronbach’s alpha. Theend of the result is that this forum can be use to evaluate students’ multimedia materials which they had developed inproject?based learning.

  1. Photoluminescence of Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purple-colored unique gem material is only found in the Harmanc?k (Bursa) region of the western Anatolia (Turkey). Therefore, it is specially called “Turkish purple jade or turkiyenite” on the worldwide gem market. Even though its jadeite implication is the principal constituent, the material cannot be considered as a single jadeite mineral since other implications are quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid and phlogopite minerals. Even if the analytical methods are used to characterize and identify the Turkish purple jade samples in detail, the luminescence spectra, especially photoluminescence features regarding to composite mineral implications of the material are important because of the existence the numerous characteristic broad and intensive luminescence bands in the samples. We can state that the UV-irradiation luminescence centers as photoluminescence (PL) are due to the overall signals in the Turkish purple jade samples. Accordingly, the distinctive photoluminescence peaks at 743, 717, 698, 484, 465 and 442 nm in PL-2D (counter diagram and sections) and PL-3D (sequence spectra) ranging between 300 and 900 nm of wavelengths, and between 220 and 340 K of temperatures are observed. Finally, photoluminescence features of the heterogeneous-structured material cannot be simply attributed to any chemical impurities, since the jade mass has numerous heterogeneous mineral constituents instead of a single jadeite mineral. Six different mineral implications a Six different mineral implications and chemical impurities in the material composition display complex and individual all kind of luminescence features. Therefore, photoluminescence as well as radioluminescence, cathodoluminescence and thermoluminescence spectra provide positive identification regarding to the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite). - Highlights: ? The purple-colored gem material is only found in the Harmanc?k-Bursa region of Turkey. ? Material is called “Turkish purple jade” or “Turkiyenite” on the worldwide gem market. ? Photoluminescence peaks at 743–717–698–484–465–442 nm ranging 300–900 nm and 20–340 K. ? A combination of PL-2D and PL-3D graphics using the numerical data from UV excitation.

  2. Turkish Prospective Teachers' Understanding and Misunderstanding on Global Warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocal, A.; Kisoglu, M.; Alas, A.; Gurbuz, H.

    2011-01-01

    The key objective of this study is to determine the Turkish elementary prospective teachers' opinions on global warming. It is also aimed to establish prospective teachers' views about the environmental education in Turkish universities. A true-false type scale was administered to 564 prospective teachers from science education, social studies…

  3. Turkish Parents' Dialogical Storybook Reading Experiences: A Phenomenological Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotaman, Huseyin

    2007-01-01

    Dialogical storybook reading is a technique that supports the language skills competencies of children. With this study the dialogical storybook reading technique is introduced to Turkish parents. Accordingly, the purpose of this study was to examine the Turkish parents' experiences with dialogical storybook reading technique. The data were…

  4. First Year Turkish Science Undergraduates' Understandings and Misconceptions of Light

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yalcin, Mehmet; Altun, Sema; Turgut, Umit; Aggül, Fatma

    2009-08-01

    The present study aims to identify first year Turkish Science undergraduates’ understandings and misconceptions of the concept of light and its propagation. For this purpose, an instrument composed of four open-ended questions was developed by the researchers. The diagnostic test was piloted with twenty students and modifications were made prior to the final administration of the test. The content validity of the test questions was assessed by two physics researchers and one lecturer. These questions were administered to a hundred first year undergraduates (aged 16-18) enrolled in the Science Teacher Training Department in Ataturk University in Turkey. In addition, the semi-structured interviews of 30-40 min were conducted with the four students whose responses involved common misunderstanding. All interview records were transcribed and analysed. The findings showed that undergraduates’ understanding of light is poor and also they have important and prevalent misconceptions. Identified misconceptions, some of which have been reported in the literature, are discussed qualitatively. The misunderstandings identified were compared with those in the literature. The results have some implications for teaching light, suggesting that a substantial revision of teaching strategies is needed.

  5. The English ( and ( Vowel Sounds as Fossilized Pronunciation Errors for the Turkish Teachers of English and Solutions to the Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet DEM?REZEN

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available The Fossilized pronunciation errors constitute a great problem in the mastery of L2in second or foreign language learning and teaching (Odlin 1989; Demirezen, 2003;Demirezen, 2004; Johnson, 2001. One of such errors, which is committed by a greatmajority of Turkish teachers of English and student teachers, is the acquisition of ƒËƒÁƒÍ andƒËƒµƒÍ vowel sounds of the English language. There has been no specific material or lessonplan encountered so far in the literature to rehabilitate the pronunciation difficulty, createdby ƒËƒÁƒÍ and ƒËƒµƒÍ vowel sounds of the English language. Therefore, this article aims toprovide pronunciation teaching material and a sample lesson on two difficult sounds forTurks, like ƒËƒÁƒÍ and ƒËƒµƒÍ, to the Turkish teachers-on-the-job and student teachers ofEnglish.

  6. Safety Perception of Turkish and European Passengers in Turkish Airports: A Cross-National Comparison

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    Nuriye Güres

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This research primarily aimed to illustrate the national differences of passengers regarding their perceptions ofTurkish airport safety. Secondly, airport safety perceptions by some other consumer characteristics such asdemographics, flight characteristics, fairness perception and satisfaction from airport services were tried to berevealed.The research had a between-groups comparison design of data obtained in a one time measurement of the field.The predictions were tested in a sample of 911 Turkish and, 595 European passengers in Turkish airports. Datacollecting method used in the study was 7-point Likert type self-report questionnaire filled by the respondents onvoluntary basis in a categorical and random sampling. Independent sample t-tests, one-way Analysis of VarianceANOVA were used to reveal group differences in safety perceptions by nationalities and some other consumer characteristics.Significant differences among nationalities were found regarding safety perceptions. Meaningful differenceswere found by flight frequency, fairness perception and satisfaction degree from the services at airport. Studygains importance as being of the first time investigation of the differences between European and Turkishpassengers about Turkish airports regarding safety perception.

  7. Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish-Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gungor, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; Phalet, Karen

    2012-01-01

    We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish-Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 age-mates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream…

  8. The validity and reliability of Kogan’s attitude towards old people scale in the Turkish society

    OpenAIRE

    Dilek Kiliç; Derya Adibelli

    2011-01-01

    This study was conducted methodologically in order to determine the validity and reliability of Kogan’s Attitude towards Old People Scale after being adapted to the Turkish Society. 145 female students, attending the 4th and 5th year of the faculty of Medical Sciences at Atatürk University, and 118 nurses, working at Ataturk University Aziziye-Yakutiye Research Hospitals, were in-cluded in the study. The sample group was chosen from the population using a non-probability convenience sampli...

  9. Mediating Role of Self Efficacy on the Relationship between Subjective Vitality and School Burnout in Turkish Adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    SARICAM, Hakan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to examine whether self efficacy might play a mediating role between subjective vitality and school burnout in Turkish adolescents. The participants were 344 high school students who completed a questionnaire package that included the School Burnout Scale, the Subjective Vitality Scale, and the General Self-Efficacy Scale. Relationships between self efficacy, vitality and school burnout were tested using Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and predicti...

  10. TURKISH SHEPHERD DOG KANGAL IN SIVAS FOLKLORE

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    A?k?n YA?AR

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available As one of animals to which are approached with great sympathy by Turkishpeople, Kangal dogs are among the animals accepted sacred in Turkish folklore.Kangals as shepherd dogs were brought into Anatolia along with herds owned byOghuz clans the traditional livelihood of which depends on sheep herds. Being theoldest and most common race of natural shepherd dog, Turkish shepherd dog,Kangal, has survived with all characteristics of it mostly thanks to the matchlessprotection of local people of the town Kangal.Throughout the study, the main objective is to determine the folkloricknowledge related with Kangal raising within folklore of Sivas and to make somecontribution to Turkish world of culture.The research material has consisted of folkloric knowledge obtained between9th April-10th July, 2012 with “information review forms” applied to peopleassociated with folkloric veterinary medicine and animal husbandry in Sivas (e.g.medicine practitioners, animal owners, other resource persons, etc.In the study, it has been determined that raisers in Sivas folklore classify theKangals according to general racial characteristics, color of their pelt and tails ofthem. They are grouped as “kurtçul”, “saf”, “k?rma”; and “alas?-boz”, “karayaka”,“sar? yaka”, “boz yaka”, “k?ll?”, “k?rç?l”; and “k?l?ç kuyruk”, “kuyru?u e?ri”, “k?vrakkuyruk”, based on racial characteristics, color of pelt and tails respectively. Also, ithas been gathered significant data on diseases and treatments on Kangals, generalracial standards (structure of the body, head and skull, etc., care and nutrition,estrus, delivery information, wolf choking incident, ear cut, stories, beliefs andidioms.Consequently, it can be suggested that one of reasons why Kangals havemanaged to keep its generation must be original stories and beliefs in Sivas, whichcover the Kangal`s wolf choke, intelligence, courage and loyalty; that lack ofknowledge and mistakes in folkloric veterinary medicine and breeding applicationsbe eliminated in animal rights and welfare terms.

  11. ACTIVITIES OF DEVELOPING VOCABULARY OF STUDENTS AND DICTIONARY USAGE IN TURKISH EDUCATION TÜRKÇE E??T?M?NDE Ö?RENC?LER?N SÖZ VARLI?INI GEL??T?RME ETK?NL?KLER? VE SÖZLÜK KULLANIMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali GÖÇER

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Vocabulary is to affect the success of education, teaching and the skills of language of students. Words have important function in communication. In this study the importance of vocabulary is emphasized, the techniques need to be application during education of the students on new words and word training techniques are being investigated. Söz varl???, ö?rencilerin dil becerilerini, e?itim ve ö?retim ba?ar?lar?n? do?rudan etkilemektedir. Bireyler aras? ileti?imde de söz varl???n?n önemi büyüktür. Bu çal??mada söz varl???n?n önemi üzerinde durulmakta, ö?rencilere yeni kelimelerin kazand?r?lmas?nda takip edilmesi gereken teknikler ve kelime ö?retimine yönelik gerçekle?tirilebilecek etkinliklere i?aret edilmektedir.

  12. THE FLUFF OF BELOVED CLASSICAL TURKISH LITERATURE

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    Kür?at ?amil ?AH?N

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available It has been so much focused on beloved in Classical Turkish poetry that thousands of coupletshave been written for each limb and feature of hers. Poets have used a great number of analogies and metaphors with a wide world of imagination as for the fluff on and around the beloved's cheek and the lip. In this study, the fluff of beloved at issue in literary texts has been accentuated and the analogy and metaphor elements on this case has been ascertained. Dreams created around the fluff have been collectively presented.

  13. Turkish Petroleum Corporation: Annual Report 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of the generating electrical energy and building the most suitable generation facility activities carried out by the Turkish Petroleum Corporation, Ankara during the period January 2005 to December 2005 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: 1) Our vision 2) Goals and objectives, strategies 3) Who we are 4) Board of directors 5) Domestic exploration and production activities 6) International exploration and production activities 7) Innovations in technology 8) Occupational safety and environmental protection 9) TPAO services 10) TPAO district Managements 11) Finance etc

  14. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis: review of Turkish reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ucan, E S; Keyf, A I; Aydilek, R; Yalcin, Z; Sebit, S; Kudu, M; Ok, U

    1993-02-01

    Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare disorder, only 173 cases having been reported worldwide. Fifty two cases from Turkey are reported, 49 of which have previously been described only in Turkish publications. The mean age of the patients was 27 (SD 12) years, 34 were male, and 10 were symptomless. In 40 of the 52 cases diagnosis was confirmed histopathologically. Nineteen cases were diagnosed in siblings. This high rate suggests that pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a familial disease, which, though rare, is for unknown reasons most common in Turkey. PMID:8493634

  15. THE GREAT SILK ROAD AND TURKISH WORLD

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    Mustafa ÖZDEM?R

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The expression of the great Silk Road first came from the famouse Chinese traveler Çjan Syan before the BC and is now known as Kervan Road. Later, this expression gained a new meaning between Asia, the Mediterranean and the European countries.An estimated of 20 000 km of total length of the Great Silk Road passed the Turkish peoples settled lands. The Silk Road that was considered as the Jugularvein major trade route that was connecting China and Byzantium was in Turks hands.

  16. Genetic diversity of disease-associated loci in Turkish population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaca, Sefayet; Cesuroglu, Tomris; Karaca, Mehmet; Erge, Sema; Polimanti, Renato

    2015-04-01

    Many consortia and international projects have investigated the human genetic variation of a large number of ethno-geographic groups. However, populations with peculiar genetic features, such as the Turkish population, are still absent in publically available datasets. To explore the genetic predisposition to health-related traits of the Turkish population, we analyzed 34 genes associated with different health-related traits (for example, lipid metabolism, cardio-vascular diseases, hormone metabolism, cellular detoxification, aging and energy metabolism). We observed relevant differences between the Turkish population and populations with non-European ancestries (that is, Africa and East Asia) in some of the investigated genes (that is, AGT, APOE, CYP1B1, GNB3, IL10, IL6, LIPC and PON1). As most complex traits are highly polygenic, we developed polygenic scores associated with different health-related traits to explore the genetic diversity of the Turkish population with respect to other human groups. This approach showed significant differences between the Turkish population and populations with non-European ancestries, as well as between Turkish and Northern European individuals. This last finding is in agreement with the genetic structure of European and Middle East populations, and may also agree with epidemiological evidences about the health disparities of Turkish communities in Northern European countries. PMID:25716910

  17. TURKISH BRIDGE EXTENDING FROM MACEDONIA: ‘JOURNAL OF ‘KÖPRܒ

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    Nuray KAYAD?B?

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Macedonia has hosted to different nations throughout the history. It constitutes a mosaic structure in which people from different nations, languages and cultures live together. 34 different nationalities and ethnic groups, particularly Macedonians, Turks, Albanian, Gypsies (Roms, Bulgarians, Wallach, Greeks and Bosnians live in the country. A long history of Turkish is in question in these lands. Turks in Macedonia conserve the Turkish culture in unity. Even if some problems are confronted resulting from their being minority, they can study in Turkish and print out Turkish newspapers and journals. Journal of ‘Köprü’ is a journal which is printed out in Skopje city of Macedonia by which important names of Macedonian Turkish literature and Turkish youth make themselves heard. It is seen in the articles of the journal that Turkish culture is studied intensively. In this research, information about ‘Köprü’ culture, art, literature journal and Association of ‘Köprü’ Culture, Art and Education has been given and it has been tried to be advertised. The editions of the journals which have been obtained have been examined and evaluations have been made about the articles in the journal.

  18. TURKISH HARD COAL AGENCY ECONOMIC EFFECT OF ZONGULDAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mesut EL?BÜYÜK

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Turkish Hard Coal Agency -the only institution engaged in coal extractionhas made great contributions in the economic sense, in the western Black Sea region or even the entire Black Sea region. That institution Turkish Hard Coal Agency, particularly in terms of the development of the province of Zonguldak has been a decisive influence. The extraction of coal in the institution goes through in a challenging process. The businesses, factories, the location of lavuars, wells of Turkish Hard Coal Agency have appointed both urban development areas as well as the direction of migration. Depending on Turkish Hard Coal Agency, many industries have been established in this region but the region's economy is mainly dominated by iron and steel sector. Turkish Hard Coal Agency has made some significant impacts in the other activities of the workers in the institution. The agriculture, livestock, forestry, industrial and commercial activities remain under the influence of Turkish Hard Coal Agency and these activities are being shaped by the production of Turkish Hard Coal Agency. There is also seen the largest share of public investments in mining.

  19. Current snapshot of the Turkish ESCO market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Turkey's Energy Efficiency Law (EEL), enacted in 2007, had been expected to transform the energy policies in government and private sectors, and offer opportunities for, then-impending, Turkish Energy Service Company (ESCO) market. Yet, the communiqué of the EEL related to ESCOs was released only recently in July 2012. In this work, we review the current status of the ESCO market in Turkey. We provide an outlook through the recent legal communiqué and present barriers, enabling factors, and opportunities, supported by country's financial and economic facts. ESCO-financing mechanism prevailing and the sources of financing in the country are also mentioned. The communiqué on ESCOs fits well in the chain of regulatory attempts to increase Turkey's competitiveness in the global markets. However, we anticipate that some of its principles and procedures to be enforced may be deterrent for small-scale candidate ESCOs and may slow down the expected development of the Turkish ESCO market. Otherwise, the communiqué should lead restructuring of a stronger ESCO market in Turkey. - Highlights: • We review the current status of the ESCO market in Turkey. • We give outlook through the recent communiqué on ESCOs. • We provide view through financial and economic facts. • We present barriers, enabling factors, and suggestions

  20. Turkish accelerator complex, FEL resonator system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Accelerator technology is an important tool for the development in almost all fields of science and technology. Considering the importance of accelerator technology, a feasibility report and conceptual design report (CDR) on Turkish Accelerator Complex (TAC) in Turkey has been completed in 2005. It is proposed that the complex will contain a collider, light sources (SR, FEL) and a proton accelerator. Beginning of 2006, third phase of the TAC project is started with the collaboration 10 Turkish Universities. There are three main goals of this phase: to built Institute of Accelerator Technologies, to write the Technical Design Report of TAC, and to construct linac based infrared free electron laser facility to use in basic applied research and to get experience on related technologies. TAC IR-FEL will be covered range of 2-250 microns that based on 15-40 MeV e-linac. The main system of TAC project is briefly presented while calculated resonator and mirror system parameters for TAC IR-FEL. Resonator and optic cavity system such as maximum density, saturation density, power, pulse energy, RMS pulse length are obtained and explained in more detail. In this research, diffraction losses are calculated by using mirror parameters in GLASD program. In order to maximize FEL efficiency, controlled optic cavity system, stability and beam quality of the out-coupled signal are needed. FEL parameters are given depending on electron beam parameterseters

  1. TURKISH BANKING SECTOR’S PROFITABILITY FACTORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Songül Kakilli ACARAVCI

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Profitability of banking sector is the most important instrument of financial system for the future of the economy. The objective of this study is to determine by using Johansen and Juselius cointegration test approach of the bank specific and macroeconomic factors that affect the profitability of commercial banks in Turkish banking sector. In study, the data are collected from the three biggest state-owned, privately-owned and foreign banks. The sample period spans from 1998 to 2011. In the study, return of asset, return of equity and net interest margin were used as proxy for profitability of banks. The bank specific determinants, which were thought to have effects on profitability are total credits/total assets, total deposits/total assets, total liquid assets/total assets, total wage and commission incomes/ total assets, total wage and commission expenses/total assets, the logarithm of total assets and total equity/total assets. The macroeconomic determinants of study are real gross domestic product, inflation rate, real exchange rate and real interest rate. Empirical findings suggest that the bank specific determinants have been more effect than macroeconomic factors on profitability of the banks. The reel gross domestic product and real exchange rate have been effective on the profitability. In addition, the 2001 economic crisis has a negative effect on all Turkish Banking sector.

  2. Türkçenin Yabanc? Dil Olarak Ö?retimi Ders Kitaplar?nda Kültür Aktar?m? Cultural Transmission Through Teaching Turkish As a Foreign Language Course Books

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih YILMAZ

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Communication in foreign language teaching is gaining more importance in today’s world. Language students find that learning the vocabulary and grammatical structures of a particular language is not enough to gain proficiency in the language. The close relationship between language and culture reveals the fact that it is impossible to master a language without learning its culture. Therefore, the course books used for teaching a foreign language must improve students’ communication skills by raising their cultural awareness. In this study, culture transfer through course books is analyzed and evaluated within the context of teaching Turkish to foreigners. The Yeni Hitit Yabanc?lar için Türkçe series, the course books used in the Turkish Studies Department at Jagiellonian University, are evaluated according to the following cultural transfer criteria: a subject area, (b type of text and (c visuality. The evaluation of the Yeni Hitit Yabanc?lar için Türkçe course book series from the perspective of cultural transmission has revealed that they contain elements that present Turkish culture to students with its different aspects and succeed in transmitting the Turkish culture to students for whom they are intended. Course books that promote communicative and intercultural competence should be chosen to teach Turkish as a foreign language at Polish universities. Günümüzde yabanc? dil ö?retiminde ileti?imin önemi gittikçe artmaktad?r. Dil ö?renenler için sadece o dilin kelime ve dilbilgisi yap?lar?n? ö?renmek dil yeterlili?i aç?s?ndan yeterli de?ildir. Dil ve kültür aras?ndaki yak?n ili?ki, bir dile o dilin kültürünü ö?renmeden hâkim olunamayaca?? gerçe?ini ortaya koymaktad?r. Bundan dolay?, yabanc? dil ö?retimi için kullan?lan ders kitaplar? da kültürel fark?ndal??? art?rarak ileti?im becerilerini geli?tirmesi beklenmektedir.

  3. Psychometric Properties of the Turkish Version of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Boysan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The psychometric instruments used in coping research have long been criticised because of their various flaws. The Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS is a promising measure with its sound psychometric properties. The current investigation aimed at evaluating the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the CISS in a large group of college students.Methods: The sample consisted of 729 undergraduates - 492 females (67.49% and 237 males (32.51%, - average age: 20.11 (SD±2.55 years -. The CISS, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS, Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS, and the COPE Inventory were administered. Item statistics, confirmatory factor analysis, internal consistency coefficients, 15-day test-retest reliability, and Pearson’s correlation coefficients between psychological variables were computed.Major depression was excluded.Results: The confirmatory factor analyses revealed that both three- and four-factor structures of the CISS were valid for the data collected from the Turkish college students. The subscales demonstrated good internal consistency and temporal stability. The correlations of the CISS subscales with positive and negative affect, satisfaction with life, and the COPE subscales ranged from mediocre to high. Significant associations of CISS subscales with other psychological variables which were consistent with the previous theoretical considerations pertaining to coping research extended empirical support for the construct validity of the measure. Discussion: Using three-factor structure seems to be more applicable for research purposes. The Turkish version of the CISS has adequate validity and reliability. The results indicated that the CISS has sound psychometric properties.(Arc­hi­ves of Neu­ropsy­chi­atry 2012; 49: 196-202

  4. Turkish counselor educators’ opinions about counselor candidates’ dispositions

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    Fidan Korkut Owen

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Counselor candidates are assessed though homework, exams, projects and thesis during their education. On the other hand, there are some discussions about assessments of their dispositions besides their academic achievement. Even though here is no consensus about what these characteristics are, openness, self-awareness, honesty can be given as an example. The purpose of this study is three­fold: a to describe what Turkish counselor educators think about which dispositions counselor candidates should have, b how these dispositions can be developed or enriched and c how they can be assessed. Researchers developed a questionnaire with five open ended questions and it was sent to 48 counselor educators via email, 34 of them from 23 universities (three of them were private sent their feedback, so return rate was 71%. The findings were analyzed by using descriptive statistics such as frequencies. According to findings, counselor educators mainly revealed that honesty, being open for communication, empathetic understanding, self-awareness, being flexible and helpful are fundamental dispositions. According to counselor educators these dispositions can be developed by increasing the number of practicum courses, adding counseling supervision courses and practices to education program, being a role model as counselor educators. Counselor educators suggested that dispositions can be assessed by evaluating students’ performance during practicum courses, using test and non-test assessment techniques, observing them and interviewing. Results were discussed in light of current literature.

  5. A study of prospective Turkish science teachers’ knowledge at the popular biotechnological issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emine Selcen DARCIN

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge level of popular biotechnological issues of prospective Turkish science teachers. A questionnaire was administered during 2005-2006 academic year to 194 students in the Department of Science Education of a university in Turkey. The questionnaire covered six biotechnological issues such as biotechnology, agrobiotechnology, human health and pharmacy, environment and biotechnology, and food production with biotechnology. Results showed that whereas department of science education students had an approximate consistent knowledge of describing biotechnology and human health/pharmacy that almost all students had an inadequate knowledge about other biotechnological issues. Finally, the results were compared with other studies in the world.

  6. Perception of play in Turkish culture Percepção do jogo na cultura turkish

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    Aynur Oksal

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the study was to gain better awareness of how Turkish parents perceive the play. Participants were 340 mothers of the nursery children who responded to two questionnaires, which have the feature of completing each other, for one of their children aged between four and five. The responses given by mothers for each play-related question were evaluated by using frequencies and percentages. Results showed that Turkish parents are directive and controlling playmates, and majority reflected traditional belief that play is for child not for adults and adults may involve in as a master. The results, when taken into account with together, made an interesting picture that mothers know what to do but somehow they are incapable how to do so. This is mostly because of the attitudes of parents toward play.A finalidade principal do estudo era ganhar a consciência melhor de como os pais turkish percebem o jogo. Os participantes eram 340 mães que responderam a dois questionários que têm a característica de se terminar para uma de suas crianças quatro e cinco anos velhas. As respostas dadas por mães para cada pergunta jogo-relacionada foram avaliadas usando freqüências e porcentagens. Os resultados mostraram que os pais turkish são playmates diretivos e controladores, e a maioria refletiu a opinião tradicional de que o jogo é para a criança não para adultos e de que os adultos podem se envolver como mestres. Os resultados, quando feito exame conjunto, mostram um retrato interessante de que as mães saibam o que fazer, mas de algum modo eram incapazes e saber como fazê-lo. Isto é provavelmente por causa das atitudes dos pais frente ao jogo.

  7. Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Gu?ngo?r, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; Phalet, Karen

    2012-01-01

    We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 agemates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream culture) and related to cultural values, acculturation orientations, and ethnic identification. Belgian adolescents showed lower and declining religiosity ...

  8. A Study of Turkish Chemistry Undergraduates' Understandings of Entropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sozbilir, Mustafa; Bennett, Judith M.

    2007-01-01

    Entropy is that fundamental concept of chemical thermodynamics, which explains the natural tendency of matter and energy in the Universe. The analysis presents the description of entropy, as understood by the Turkish chemistry undergraduates.

  9. Two Macrochelid Species (Acari: Gamasida: Macrochelidae) New to Turkish Fauna

    OpenAIRE

    Eki?z, Ali Nafiz

    2002-01-01

    Two macrochelid species, Macrocheles (Glyptholaspis) americana and M. (G.) fimicola, which are new to Turkish fauna, are examined. The morphological characters of these species are reviewed and figures are drawn. Moreover, their zoogeographical distributions and habitats are given.

  10. The status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) project is supported by the State Planning Organization (SPO) of Turkey and coordinated by Ankara University. After having completed the Feasibility Report (FR) in 2000 and the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) in 2005, third phase of the project started in 2006 as an inter-universities project including ten Turkish Universities with the support of SPO. Third phase of the project has two main scientific goals: to prepare the Technical Design Report (TDR) of TAC and to establish an Infrared Free Electron Laser (IR FEL) facility, named as Turkish Accelerator and Radiation Laboratory at Ankara (TARLA) as a first step. The facility is planned to be completed in 2015 and will be based on 15-40 MeV superconducting linac. In this paper, main aims, national and regional importance, main parts main parameters, status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center will be presented.

  11. THE INFLUENCY OF LANGUAGE COMPETENCE AND BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE UPON TEXT COMPREHENSION OF TURKISH ACQUIRER OF GERMAN AS A THIRD LANGUAGE

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    Nihan DEM?RYAY

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the learning behaviour during text comprehension of Turkish students who are learning German as a third language after English. For this purpose, this study contributes to explore the cognitive abilities that help readers to comprehend texts which are written in German as foreign language. Therefore the study considers variables that determine the comprehension of linear texts. These variables are the language competence, and background knowledge. To this end, data have been collected in order to test the influence of the mentioned variables on text comprehension of learners studying German as their third language. The findings indicate that the language competences of English and background knowledge are the most important variables for the understanding of German texts of Turkish acquirer of German as a third language. Regarding this finding, this present study intends to provide an explanation for learners behaviour involved in text comprehension.

  12. Adaptation of the short-form of the UCLA Loneliness Scale (ULS-8 to Turkish for the Adolescents

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    mehmet ali yildiz

    2014-01-01

    Results: The factor analysis resulted in one factor. Factor loadings of the items varied between 0.31 and 0.71. All of the fit indices indicated a good-fit model for the ULS-8. Criterion-related validity analysis revealed that there were significant relationships between loneliness and the general belongingness (r=-0.71, life satisfaction (r=-0.42. The results also showed that internal consistency coefficients of the factors were highly satisfactory for whole scale =0.74. Test-retest reliability scales was found to be (r=0.84, pamp;lt;0.001 on a sample of 64 high school students in a period of two weeks. Conclusion: Findings suggested that the Turkish version of the ULS-8 was found a valid and reliable instrument for Turkish adolescents.

  13. A market research for Turkish commercial banking business

    OpenAIRE

    Hu?rata, Mehmet Yasin

    2008-01-01

    Following the liberalization of Turkish economy in 1980, Turkish macro and micro economic indicators have designated boom. Also considering the globalization effect and increase in the correlation among banking industries’ of countries, Turkey has been experiencing an evolution in banking business. Besides, fed with some economic crises effects, the customers’ perceptions about “new ways of banking” in this dynamic environment are worthwhile to study from a marketer’s viewpoint. To ...

  14. The Turkish version of the breastfeeding attrition prediction tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaya?iz Muslu, Gonca; Basbakkal, Zümrüt; Janke, Jill

    2011-11-01

    This study demonstrates that the original English version of the Breastfeeding Attrition Prediction Tool (BAPT) was successfully adapted to Turkey, as methodologically demonstrated here. The results of this study show that the Turkish version of the BAPT is similar to the original version and that it can be used with Turkish women to identify mothers who may be at high risk of weaning prematurely. PMID:21940427

  15. Turkish adaptation of the Shared Leadership Perception Scale

    OpenAIRE

    Aynur Bozkurt Bostanc?

    2012-01-01

    This research has been done to determine Turkish adaptation with its validity and reliability of the Shared Leadership Perception Scale 232 secondary school teachers working in province of Sakarya constitute the study group of the research. The research results are as follows: As a result of linguistic equivalance analysis of scale a high level of significant relation in a positive direction has been found out between the Turkish and English forms. It has been found out that Cronbach Alpha (...

  16. Defining and Measuring Informality in the Turkish Labor Market

    OpenAIRE

    Kan, Elif Oznur; Tansel, Aysit

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates how informality can be defined and measured in the Turkish labor market. Two alternative definitions of informality are used to explore their relevance and implications for the Turkish labor market using descriptive statistics. They are the enterprise definition and the social security definition. Further, contributions of individual and job characteristics to the likelihood of informality are investigated using multivariate probit analysis under the two definitions. T...

  17. Generating Context-Appropriate Word Orders in Turkish

    OpenAIRE

    Hoffman, Beryl

    1994-01-01

    Turkish has considerably freer word order than English. The interpretations of different word orders in Turkish rely on information that describes how a sentence relates to its discourse context. To capture the syntactic features of a free word order language, I present an adaptation of Combinatory Categorial Grammars called {}-CCGs (set-CCGs). In {}-CCGs, a verb's subcategorization requirements are relaxed so that it requires a set of arguments without specifying their line...

  18. Market Research on the Turkish Shipbuilding Industry : case: Koskisen Oy

    OpenAIRE

    Tetri, Anna

    2013-01-01

    This market research of the Turkish shipbuilding industry and shipyards was carried out as an assignment for Koskisen Oy, a Finnish plywood manufacturer. The main objectives of the research were to describe Turkey as a business environment from an importer’s point of view, to introduce the Turkish shipbuilding industry and find contacts among the shipyards. The theoretical framework of the study is based on both published and electronic sources regarding internationalization and organiz...

  19. INTERNET BANKING USAGE: AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS ON TURKISH CONSUMERS

    OpenAIRE

    I?lter, Burcu; Saatc??og?lu, O?mu?r Y.; Kuruog?lu, Emel

    2011-01-01

    Turkey has a developed banking sector which has a very important place in Turkish economy. Internet banking applications started in 1997. Though it does not have a long history it has a very huge potential in the Turkish market. The aim of this paper is to explore if demographical factors are important in identifying the target customers for internet banking; to identify the perception of consumers regarding the attributes of internet banking usage; and to check if consumers perceive internet...

  20. An Empirical Study on Determining Ethnocentric Tendencies of Turkish Consumers

    OpenAIRE

    Asil, Hilal

    2013-01-01

    In recent years; for different reasons opposition to globalization has become wide spread in our country and as a result of this event regional nationalism movements affect consumer decision making process for buying. The main concept in this study - consumer ethnocentrism measured by CETSCALE and eventually it is found that Turkish consumers have middle level about consumer ethnocentrism tendency. In this study, it was found that there is a relationship between the Turkish consumers' socio-d...

  1. VALIDATING MYSELF-AS-A-LEARNER SCALE (MALS IN THE TURKISH CONTEXT

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    ?smail Hakk? ERTEN

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to explore the construct structure of the Turkish version of the Myself-As-A-Learner Scale (MALS, which was designed to measure academic self-concept. A translated version of MALS was administered to 483 participants (mean age = 14.31, SD = 2.08 in six different cities across Turkey. An exploratory factor analysis revealed a five-factor structure, explaining 50.99% of the total variation in MALS scores. A confirmatory factor analysis indicated acceptable levels of goodness of fit for the five-factor model. The instrument appeared to distinguish contrasting groups of students according to their English, Turkish, and Maths scores, with more successful students reporting higher MALS scores. The MALS scores also attained significant moderate correlations with achievement in those courses. Further, the instrument yielded a high internal consistency (? = .82. The study concludes that MALS can be an effective tool in endeavours to explore academic self-concept in relation to various related constructs.

  2. Age differences in the Actiotope Model of Giftedness in a Turkish sample

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    Marilena Z. Leana-Ta?c?lar

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available According to the Actiotope Model of Giftedness, person-environment interactions are the core of excellence. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the resources that support the achievement of goals and to provide more efficient resources. These resources are named educational (localized in the environment and learning (localized in the individual capitals. The Questionnaire of Educational and Learning Capital (QELC was developed based on the Actiotope Model of Giftedness and these capitals. The aim of this study is to present gender and age differences in relation to educational and learning capitals, in a Turkish sample of 1,620 students at three different grade levels: fourth graders (231 girls, 239 boys; mean age = 10.15, SD = 0.40, seventh graders (353 girls, 376 boys; mean age = 13.08, SD = 0.34, and 10th graders (274 girls, 147 boys; mean age = 16.20, SD = 0.54. Results of the confirmatory factor analysis showed the expected two-factor structure (educational and learning capitals of the original German version of QELC. The Cronbach's alpha result for the Turkish version of the QELC was .97. The findings suggest that gender differences are more important in the seventh grade (first year of adolescence in favor of girls in economic, cultural, social, organismic, and telic capitals. Results about age differences showed that the younger the students are, the more their achievement is positively affected by the capitals.

  3. Stuttering types in Turkish schoolaged children

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    Mavi? Emel Kulak Kay?kç?

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Stuttering types in 8-12 years old Turkish children who stutter were evaluated.Material and Method: Patients having speech disorders who applied to Hacettepe University Audiology and Speech Pathology Department were evaluated. Fifteen stutterers who had the criteria for diagnosis of stuttering were included in the study. Results: Mean age of the patients were 8.3 years, and of the 15 patients 13 (86.7% were males and 2 (13.3% were females. Stuttering types in patients were 89.7% within-words and 11.3% were between words. Within-words stuttering types were significantly higher than between words stuttering types (p=0.001.Conclusions: Dysfluencies beginning in the preschool period, without any intervention turn to be stuttering during the schoolage period. Therefore, early intervention strategies and sharing of those strategies with families are important to prevent stuttering. (Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45: 141-3

  4. Estimation of Turkish road transport emissions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the COPERT III program, an inventory of Turkish road transport emissions was calculated and the contributions of road transport to global and local air pollutant emissions were examined for the year 2004. It was observed that passenger cars are the main source of CO, HC, and Pb emissions while heavy duty vehicles are mainly responsible for NO x , particulate matter (PM), and SO2 emissions. Taking the emissions for the year 2004 as the baseline, a parametric study was conducted to determine the emission reduction potentials of different road transport strategies. The results indicated that the following road transport strategies; fleet renewal, promotion of public transportation, and faster urban traffic speed are very effective strategies for reducing regulated emissions and fuel consumption (FC) from a technical point of view. It was also noted that replacement of two-stroke motorcycles with four-stroke motorcycles is as effective as fleet renewal in reducing HC emissions

  5. The Turkish version of Maternal Attachment Inventory

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    Oya Kavlak

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The research has been designed as methodological with purpose of the validity and the reliability of the Turkish language version of Maternal Attachment Inventory on mothers within one and four months postpartum. Method: This study was carried out with mothers registered at 19 Health Clinics and three Maternal-Child Health and Family Planning Clinics in which connected to Bornova Health Presidency in Izmir. The sample of research has been composed three clinics in which determined with the purposive sampling technique. First stage, the research was studied on 165 mothers when their babies were approximately 30-40 days old in these registered clinics.At the second stage of research has been interviewed again with 78 mothers when their babies were approximately 90-105 days old.Results: It is determined that experts consensuses about content of items as a result of analysis (Kendall’s W=0.274, p=0.001

  6. Factors that motivate Turkish EFL teachers

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    Erkaya, Odiléa Rocha

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Teachers’ motivation has been an extensive topic of discussion among researchers for over two decades. What has been missing in the discussion, though, is the perspective of those who teach English as a Foreign Language (EFL, especially those who work in Turkey. Therefore, the purpose of this case study was to investigate factors that motivated Turkish EFL teachers working at a Preparatory English Program of a university in Turkey and ways to enhance their motivation. Eight teachers took part in the study. To collect data, unstructured interviews were used. Then, codes were written and themes on teachers’ motivation and demotivation, and ways to motivate teachers emerged. The results can be understood by looking at expectancy theory, more specifically on the focus of the theory: intrinsic (personal and extrinsic (environmental motives. The analysis of what the teachers believed to be their source of motivation and demotivation helped the researcher to propose ways to enhance their motivation.

  7. Workplace violence: a study of Turkish workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aytac, Serpil; Bozkurt, Veysel; Bayram, Nuran; Yildiz, Selver; Aytac, Mustafa; Akinci, Fusun Sokullu; Bilgel, Nazan

    2011-01-01

    This research was conducted to address the experience of workplace violence of Turkish workers from different sectors and to investigate the impact of the exposed violence on their psychological well-being. Data were collected anonymously with printed questionnaires from the volunteer participants and depended on self-reporting. The response rate was 79.0% (1708/2161). The prevalence of workplace violence was found to be 44.8%. The most common type was verbal violence together with mobbing (bullying). Victims of physical violence were mostly males, whereas females were found to be victims of verbal, psychological and sexual violence. Most cases did not result in legal action and the victims remained silent. Psychological well-being of exposed workers in terms of depression, anxiety and stress seemed to deteriorate. Workplace violence remains a silent epidemic in Turkey. Preventive measures against workplace violence and social support for violated workers do not exist. PMID:22152504

  8. INSTEAD OF TEACHING THE TEXT LEARNING WITH TEXT IN TEACHING TURKISH

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    Firdevs GÜNE?

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In our world, from 1900s to the present, much kind of approaches and methods have been applied on language teaching. These approaches are traditional, behavioral, constructive and cognitive as the main parts. The traditional approach which is the oldest approach in the language teaching covers the teaching of rules of the grammer, literature, proverbs and liberal education.The language has been teached as the other behaviors, like repetation, imitation, memorizing and classical conditioning as the stimulation-reaction in behavioral approach. These thoughts had start to been changed in 1950s and the thought that is the “language is the for the communicating” had start to spred. Then the studies containing communication and the usage of the language in daily life have been done. Nowadays with the constructive approach, the thought that is “language is the social communication tool” has been supported.The developing of mental, emotional, and social skills have been handled and teaching of language has been done with the many kind of activities,duties and projects. In our country, important developments have been done during the last years parallel to the world. A new Turkish Programme with the constructive approach has been prepared by leaving the behavioral approach. Education approaches such as constructive approach, multiples intellect, student-centered learning, inter-disciplinary approach, etc. are taken as basis in new 2004 Turkish Education Programme. In this way, new Turkish Programme contains developing skills such as mental, emotional, and social and language teaching is being done with the many kind of activities,duties and projects.

  9. ATTITUDE SCALE FOR EDUCATIONAL GAMES THAT PLAYED IN TURKISH LESSON: STUDY OF VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY

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    Behice VARI?O?LU

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to develop a “Valid and Reliable Educational Games Attitude Scale” which can be used to identify the attitudes of primary school students to educational games at Turkish lesson. In the development of the draft scale, initial items are prepared in terms of an expert’s opinions. In the 5 likerts typical scale was administered to 339 primary school students at 4 primary schools in Erzurum. Factor analysis was conducted in order to determine the construct validity and the Cronbach Alpha, total internal reliability coefficient, of the scale was calculated as 0,86. Results show that the scale has 3 factors, and its items, in terms of total item correlation, changed between 0,45 and 0,70.

  10. TEACHING OF LINGUISTICS AND TURKISH IN THEPROCESS OF EDUCATION OF THE TEACHERS OF TURKISH AND TURKISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURETÜRK D?L? EDEB?YATI VE TÜRKÇE Ö?RETMENLER?N?N YET?ST?R?LMES? SÜREC?NDE D?LB?L?M VE TÜRKÇE Ö?RET?M?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assoc. Prof. Dr. Muhsine BÖREKÇ?

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Language has been considered as an object oflinguistics since the beginning of the 20th century. It isan obligation to organize all processes includingeducation philosophy in the light of scientific andtechnological developments in order that the education ofTurkish and Turkish Language and Literature can keeppace with this development. The field that the educationof language and literature should depend on is previouslylinguistics. Nowadays, studies on lingustics have tendedto application and have had a purpose in order todevelop theories which make easier the language learningand teaching. Lacking of this discipline in the educationof Turkish and Turkish Language and Literature willlead to continue the situation which is always a matterof complaint.Teachers of Turkish are expected to constitute asense of language in their students’ perception and toguide them not only for their acquisation of positiveattitudes and behaviors towards language and also fortheir acquisation of reading habit and ability to be able tothink and express their ideas both in written and oralforms. It is difficult to meet expectations for the teacherswho can’t acquire that kind of information and skills intheir education processes. Due to this situation, theeducation of Turkish and Turkish Language andLiterature should be in an applied form and be fullfilled in the light of scientific perspective aiming at tointerrogate information while composing it.In the study, scientific perspectives consideredthat teachers of Turkish and Turkish Language andLiterature have to acquire during their educationprocesses will be tried to be compared with traditionalperspectives and illustrated. Dil, 20. yüzy?l?n bas?ndan beri bilimin bir nesnesiolarak kabul edilmektedir. Türkçe ve Türk Dili Edebiyat?e?itiminin bu gelismeye ayak uydurabilmesi için e?itimfelsefesinden baslayarak bütün süreçlerin bilimsel veteknolojik gelismelerin ?s???nda düzenlenmesi birzorunluluktur. Dil ve edebiyat e?itiminin dayanmas?gereken alan, öncelikle dil bilimidir. Dil bilimçal?smalar?n?n uygulamaya yöneldi?i ve öncelikle dillerinö?renilmesini ve ö?retilmesini kolaylast?rmay? sa?layacakkuramlar?n gelistirilmesini hedefledi?i günümüzdeTürkçe ve Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? e?itiminin bu disiplindenyoksun olmas? sürekli sikâyet edilen durumlar?n devametmesine yol açacakt?r.Türkçe ö?retmenlerinden öncelikle ö?rencilerindebir dil bilinci olusturmalar?, onlara dil konusunda olumlututum ve davran?slar kazand?rmalar?, okuma al?skanl???ile düsünebilme ve düsündüklerini yaz?l? ve/veya sözlüolarak ifade edebilme becerisi kazand?rmalar?beklenmektedir. Kendi e?itim süreçlerinde bu bilgi vebecerileri kazanmam?s, dile bilimsel yaklas?mla bakmay?ö?renmemis ö?retmenlerin bu beklentileri kars?lamalar?çok zordur. Bunun için de Türkçe ve edebiyat e?itimimutlaka uygulamal? olmal?; bilgiyi, sorgulayarakolusturmay? amaçlayan bilimsel anlay?slagerçeklestirilmelidir.Bu çal?smada Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? ve Türkçeö?retmenlerinin yetisme süreçlerinde edinmeleri gerekti?idüsünülen bilimsel yaklas?mlar, geleneksel yaklas?mlarlakars?last?r?larak örneklendirilmeye çal?s?lacakt?r.

  11. Using PISA 2003, Examining the Factors Affecting Students' Mathematics Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Ibrahim; Kilic, Serpil

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of learning strategies on mathematics achievement. The sample was compiled from students who participated in Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in Turkey. The data consisted of 4493 15 years old Turkish students in 158 schools, and analyzed by two levels Bernoulli model as a…

  12. Nanotechnology Awareness, Opinions and Risk Perceptions among Middle School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, Nurettin; Ekli, Emel

    2013-01-01

    The present study investigates awareness, factual knowledge, opinions, and risk perceptions of students from Turkish middle schools with regard to nanotechnology in a very general sense. The study was carried out among 1,396 middle school 6th, 7th, and 8th grade students. The students' perceptions of and opinions about nanotechnology were…

  13. Learner Autonomy in Language Learning: Student Teachers' Beliefs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balcikanli, Cem

    2010-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate student teachers' beliefs about learner autonomy in the Turkish educational context. In a study in the ELT Department, Gazi University, a questionnaire developed by Camilleri (1997) was administered to 112 student teachers. Twenty volunteer student teachers were interviewed in groups to identify their further general…

  14. Teaching Strategies and Class Practices of the Teachers who Teach Turkish as a Foreign Language (A Qualitative Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Gocer

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In the globalizing world, second language/foreign language has gained a great importance. The importance of the foreign language teaching has increased in our time in which knowing a foreign language has deviated from being a specialty and become a feature that everyone must have. For that purpose, teachers must know the characteristics of the learners very well and must enrich the learning environment with different techniques and materials in accordance with the environment facilities. Approach: In this study, it has been aimed to determine the language teaching strategies and class practices of the teachers who taught students of foreign origin in Turkey Turkish as a foreign language. To that end, interview and observation forms have been prepared. The content analysis of the data obtained with interview and observation forms has been conducted in the scope of qualitative research approach. Results: Teachers are not capable of giving an adequate language education due to such reasons as they did not receive a special education with the purpose of teaching Turkish as a foreign language and they preferred traditional methods instead of modern strategy and methods. Conclusions/Recommendations: In order to conduct language education in Turkey in accordance with the international norms, importance must be attached to the training of qualified language teachers, the significance of teaching Turkish as a foreign language must be discussed in academic environments and researches must be carried out.

  15. Evaluation of English Language Teaching Departments of Turkish and Iranian Universities in Terms of Politeness Strategies with Reference to Request

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    Maryam Rafieyan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The ultimate objective in post-method pedagogy is developing language learner’s communicative competence to enable them to participate in communication acts. Effective oral communication entails observation of a number of conversational principles and appropriate use of various strategies to avoid violation of mutually recognized rules, e.g. politeness strategies. Some researchers believe that politeness strategies have a number of universal Features (Goff man, 1967, 1971: Goody, 1978 a. In line with previous research studies, the present study set out to investigate whether nationality would influence the use of request politeness strategies by Iranian and Turkish EFL learners at the same proficiency level. Participants in this study included 448 students at four different levels of proficiency who were majoring in English language teaching at Gazi University in turkey and Islamic Azad University – Tabriz Branch. 224 Turkish students at four different grade levels and the same number of Iranian students participated directly in this phase of the research. Each grade level group consisted of 56 students. The researcher administered a questionnaire enquiring their preferences in selecting the proper forms of requests ( Blum - Kulka & Olshtain , 1985 .The statistical analysis revealed a strong correlation in intra-groups while the inter – group results displayed relatively significant differences . The Turkish participants used request politeness strategies more appropriately than Iranians which support the role of culture in the use of such strategies. The findings highlight the necessity of observing cultural background in teaching communication strategies such as request politeness strategies particularly in EFL contexts. Keywords: Politeness Strategies, Request, Cross-Cultural analysis, Communication Strategies, Cultural Background

  16. Türkçenin Yabanc? Dil Olarak Ö?retimi Türkçe Bile?ik Tümcelerin Özelli?i Üzerine Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language Characteristics of Compound Sentences in Turkish

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    Xhemile ABDIU

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Actually, an important feature of Turkish syntax, is the usage of participle and gerund in sentences. This shows interest in the meaning,but the usage of gerund with different functions reflects differentmeanings.According to linguists unlike the Indo-European languages, wherein general the main sentence is connected to subordinate sentenceswith conjunctions or conjunctional pronouns, in the Turkish, thesentences are connected by participle or by gerund. With this structurewithout the need of pronoun or conjunctions is performed anembedding.It is known that in the agglutinative languages to the root of aname or verb is added different morphemes. These morphemes carryout all kinds of conjunction or derivations. In this case, in Turkish, themorphemes carry out very important functions in terms of semantics.Such as encountered in Western Languages, Albanian is the languageof second-order transfers. These transfers are emerging to compoundsentences and the entire sentence is transfered to another node that isattached to it and gives it a function.-(y?p, -ip, -up, -üp morpheme has interesting morphologicalcharacteristics. -ip is one of the most frequently used adverb-verbsuffixes. This morpheme connects the verb to the second one.Sometimes this morpheme connects the main predicate of the sentenceto the side of the pred?cate of the second sentence.The construction with -arak, -erek explains the way in which theaction is done. The basic sentence, linking with the subordinatesentence at the same time allows the grammatical transformation ofadverbalization.The aim of this work is to describe these types of clauses and toaddress emerging problems. In particular in translating from Albanianto Turkish and viceversa from Turkish to Albanian we will try toemphasize the difficulty encountered by foreign students. Bilindi?i gibi Türkçenin sözdizimin önemli bir özelli?ini olu?turan ortaç ve ulaçlar?n kullan?l??? tümce anlam? aç?s?ndan ilgi çekici nitelikler göstermekte, ulaç biçimbirimleri de?i?ik i?levlerle birlikte çe?itli anlamlar? da yans?tmaktad?r. Dilcilere göre Hint-Avrupa dillerinde görülenin tersine, genel olarak yan tümceler ana, temel tümcelere ilgi ad?llar?yla de?il, ortaç ve ulaçlarla ba?lanmakta. Bu kurulu?ta herhangi bir ilgi ad?l? ya da bir ba?laç kullan?lmas?na gereksinme duyulmadan temel tümce içine çe?itli yan tümceler yerle?tirilir, üretken dönü?ümlü dilbilgisindeki yerle?tirme (embedding gerçekle?tirilir. Bilindi?i gibi ba?lant?l? dillerin bir ad ya da eylem köküne de?i?ik biçimbirimleri eklenir. Bu biçimbirimler her t?rlü türetme ve çekim i?lemlerini gerçekle?tirirler. Bu durumda Türkçede tümce anlambilimi aç?s?ndan eklerinin çok önemli i?levleri yerine getirilir. Bat? dillerinde rastland??? gibi, Arnavutçada da ikinci dereceden aktarmalar görülür. Bu aktarmalar bütün bir tümceyi bir ba?ka dü?üme aktarak ona ba?l? bir i?lev verir ve bile?ik tümceler ortaya ç?k?yor. -(y?p, -ip, -up, -üp ulaç biçimbirimin ilginç nitelikleri bulundu?u görülür. -(y?p, -ip, -up, -üp biçimbirimi s?kça kullan?lan zarf-fiil eklerinden biridir. Eklendi?i fiili ikinci bir fiile ba?lar. -erek, -arak ulaç biçimbirimine gelince iki fiili birbirine ba?larken yüklemin nas?l, ne tarzda yap?ld???n? aç?klamaktad?r. Yan tümceyi temel tümceye, iki önermeyi birbirine ba?layan bu bi?imbirim ayn? zamanda belirteç göreviyle üretken dönü?ümsel dilbilgisindeki belirteçle?tirmeyi sa?lar. Bu makalenin amac? bu tür yan tümceleri aç?klamak ve ortaya ç?kan sorunlar? ele almaktad?r. Bir Hint-Avrupa dili olan Arnavutçadan Türkçeye ve aksine Türkçeden Arnavutçaya çeviri s1ras?nda kar??lanan zorunluklar? vurgulamaya çal??aca??z.

  17. Attitudinal Dispositions of Students toward the English Language: Sociolinguistic and Sociocultural Considerations

    OpenAIRE

    Ersoy Erdemir

    2013-01-01

    Problem Statement: The status, value, and importance of a language is often measured by the attitudes toward that language. Learning a second or foreign language and attaining proficiency in it is closely related to the attitudes of learners toward the language. A few studies have investigated language attitudes of Turkish students toward the English language in Turkey. However, the same issue has not been explored among Turkish students learning and using the English language in a country wh...

  18. RADIAL VARIATION OF MICROFIBRIL ANGLE AND WOOD DENSITY AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS IN 14-YEAR-OLD Eucalyptus urophylla S.T. BLAKE WOOD

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    Loïc Brancheriau Mail

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The orientation of cellulose microfibrils in the cell wall along the stem axis has major effects on stiffness and longitudinal shrinkage and is of key importance in wood quality. The aim of this study was to investigate the radial variability of MFA and wood density (? and their relationships in Eucalyptus urophylla wood. Three MFA values were estimated by X-ray diffraction at three points of each one of the 175 tangential sections, and the basic density was measured. A decrease of microfibril angles from pith to bark can be observed in most samples; however, some radial strips presented different patterns of variation. For basic density, a linear significant increase from pith to bark was confirmed. There was no significant correlation between microfibril angle and density. The relationships among the three MFA estimated on tangential sections of wood were strong. The “curvature effect” due to the growth rings had a negligible effect on the three measurements of tangential sections cut near to the pith. This study showed that a single T value measurement by X-ray diffraction, preferably at the centre of the tangential section, is precisely sufficient to estimate the mean MFA of Eucalyptus urophylla wood.

  19. Concept Formation in Environmental Education: 14-Year Olds' Work on the Intensified Greenhouse Effect and the Depletion of the Ozone Layer. Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osterlind, Karolina

    2005-01-01

    A case study is presented describing the work of three pupils in the upper level of compulsory school. The pupils were learning about the intensified greenhouse effect and the depletion of the ozone layer. In their work, the need for certain domain-specific knowledge becomes apparent; for example, understanding such concepts as photosynthesis,…

  20. COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE RELATIVE FREQUENCY OF SLEEP DISORDERS IN MIGRAINE AND NON MIGRAINE IN 6- TO 14-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN

    OpenAIRE

    Md, Omid Yaghini; Md, Seyyed Mohammad Amirshahkarami; Md, Touran Mahmoudian; Md, Elham Haj Hashemi

    2010-01-01

    AbstractObjectiveHeadaches are common during childhood. In addition, sleep disorders are common problems in children, too. Although it is commonly thought thatheadache and sleep problems are related, there is not enough evidence to confirm this relationship. Finding evident relations between these problemswould help practitioners a lot to make earlier diagnosis and plan treatment modalities for both problems as soon as possible. This study aimed to assess therelative frequency of sleep disord...

  1. Growth, oral hygiene and emergence of permanent dentition among 5-14 year old Rajput Children of Solan District of Himachal Pradesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richa Airi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Growth in height and weight, oral hygiene and the emergence of permanent teeth in a cross-sectional sample of 509 Rajput boys and girls from the Kumarhatti and Dharampur areas of Solan District of Himachal Pradesh is reported. The data was collected from the various schools of the area. The girls were, by and large, taller and heavier than the boys; the differences were significant (P<0.05 at 12 years only. The oral hygiene of the sample was moderate and 15.28% children (9.76% boys and 5.52% girls had one or more carious teeth. Mandibular teeth tended to emerge earlier than the maxillary teeth in both sexes. The emergence was earlier in girls, except the premolars. The bilateral differences were significant (P <= 0.05 only for maxillary central incisors and mandibular canines in girls and maxillary second incisors and canines and mandibular central incisors and second premolars in boys. The sequence of emergence in the first phase was the same (M1, M1, I1, I1, I2, I2 for both sexes. In the second phase of emergence, the maxillary canines emerged after the premolars in boys and after the first premolars but prior to the second premolars in girls. Partial correlations between number of emerged teeth and stature and weight were low and not significant, when the effect of age was partialed out. The emergence in the present sample was distinctly delayed in maxillary as well as mandibular first and second molars and mandibular lateral incisors as compared to a majority of other populations from within and outside India.

  2. Directly replaces of a minors and “exemplary” of a disability person: The patrimony of a persons with disability or minors 14 years old

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Fernanda Moretón Sanz

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This research study the law, the jurisprudence and the law literatury of aspects of replaces of a minors and “exemplary” of a disability persons. It is fact that used by the testator, have different impact about the patrimony of de minors and persons whit disability. In the substitution or replaces, the object will depend on the means the testator deciding on the disposal heritage. Specifically, despite certain resistance from legal thought and case-law, in the substitution of a minor and in exemplary replace, the substitute (parent or legal representative may dispose of all the of the person substituted (child under 14 years of age or legal incapacitated person. Therefore, both types of substitution affect to the persons substituted and the patrimony of them

  3. COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE RELATIVE FREQUENCY OF SLEEP DISORDERS IN MIGRAINE AND NON MIGRAINE IN 6- TO 14-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid Yaghini MD

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstractObjectiveHeadaches are common during childhood. In addition, sleep disorders are common problems in children, too. Although it is commonly thought thatheadache and sleep problems are related, there is not enough evidence to confirm this relationship. Finding evident relations between these problemswould help practitioners a lot to make earlier diagnosis and plan treatment modalities for both problems as soon as possible. This study aimed to assess therelative frequency of sleep disorders in migraine and non migraine children.Material & MethodsIn a cross sectional study, 148 children were enrolled in migraine (60 and non migraine (88 groups. They were aged 6 to 14 years. Migraine group consistedof patients who had definite migraine according to IHS (International Headache Society criteria. Ten sleep problems (snoring, nightmares, sleep walking, sleeptalking, bedtime struggle, bruxism, sweating during sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness, insomnia in early or mid night and sleep apnea were comparedbetween 2 groups. Fisher exact and chi square tests were used for making comparisons.ResultsWe found relationships between night sleep and daytime headaches. Some of these relationships were easy to explain but for some others, finding complicatedexplanations are necessary.Our findings showed that bruxism, sleep walking, early and midnight insomnia was significantly higher in migraine children. There was a common etiology forheadache and sleep disorders. Also, parents and migraine children were well familiar with the effect of relaxation on decreasing migraine episodes .Theyprovided appropriate facilities for night sleep for this reason.Conclusionwe found relationships between night sleep and daytime headaches. Some of these relationships were easy to explain but for some others, finding complicatedexplanations are necessary.

  4. COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE RELATIVE FREQUENCY OF SLEEP DISORDERS IN MIGRAINE AND NON MIGRAINE IN 6- TO 14-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid YAGHINI

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveHeadaches are common during childhood. In addition, sleep disorders are common problems in children, too. Although it is commonly thought thatheadache and sleep problems are related, there is not enough evidence to confirm this relationship. Finding evident relations between these problemswould help practitioners a lot to make earlier diagnosis and plan treatment modalities for both problems as soon as possible. This study aimed to assess therelative frequency of sleep disorders in migraine and non migraine children.Material & MethodsIn a cross sectional study, 148 children were enrolled in migraine (60 and non migraine (88 groups. They were aged 6 to 14 years. Migraine group consistedof patients who had definite migraine according to IHS (International Headache Society criteria. Ten sleep problems (snoring, nightmares, sleep walking, sleeptalking, bedtime struggle, bruxism, sweating during sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness, insomnia in early or mid night and sleep apnea were comparedbetween 2 groups. Fisher exact and chi square tests were used for making comparisons.ResultsWe found relationships between night sleep and daytime headaches. Some of these relationships were easy to explain but for some others, finding complicatedexplanations are necessary.Our findings showed that bruxism, sleep walking, early and midnight insomnia was significantly higher in migraine children. There was a common etiology forheadache and sleep disorders. Also, parents and migraine children were well familiar with the effect of relaxation on decreasing migraine episodes .Theyprovided appropriate facilities for night sleep for this reason.Conclusionwe found relationships between night sleep and daytime headaches. Some of these relationships were easy to explain but for some others, finding complicatedexplanations are necessary.Keywords: migraine, sleep disorder, headache.

  5. Short forms of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire for 11–14-year-old children (CPQ11–14: Development and initial evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Locker David

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Child Perceptions Questionnaire for children aged 11 to 14 years (CPQ11–14 is a 37-item measure of oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL encompassing four domains: oral symptoms, functional limitations, emotional and social well-being. To facilitate its use in clinical settings and population-based health surveys, it was shortened to 16 and 8 items. Item impact and stepwise regression methods were used to produce each version. This paper describes the developmental process, compares the discriminative properties of the resulting four short-forms and evaluates their precision relative to the original CPQ11–14. Methods The item impact method used data from the CPQ11–14 item reduction study to select the questions with the highest impact scores in each domain. The regression method, where the dependent variable was the overall CPQ11–14 score and the independent variables its individual questions, was applied to the data collected in the validity study for the CPQ11–14. The measurement properties (i.e. criterion validity, construct validity, internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability of all 4 short-forms were evaluated using the data from the validity and reliability studies for the CPQ11–14. Results All short forms detected substantial variability in children's OHRQoL. The mean scores on the two 16-item questionnaires were almost identical, while on the two 8-item questionnaires they differed by only one score point. The mean scores standardized to 0–100 were higher on the short forms than the original CPQ11–14 (p 11–14 scores (0.87–0.98; p Conclusion All short forms demonstrated excellent criterion validity and good construct validity. The reliability coefficients exceeded standards for group-level comparisons. However, these are preliminary findings based on the convenience sampling and further testing in replicated studies involving clinical and general samples of children in various settings is necessary to establish measurement sensitivity and discriminative properties of these questionnaires.

  6. Intraneural perineurioma of unilateral radial and median nerves manifesting with long-standing focal amyotrophy in a 14-year-old-boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagappa, Madhu; Chickabasaviah, Yasha T; Bharath, Rose D; Bindu, Parayil S; Sinha, Sanjib; Taly, Arun B

    2013-12-01

    Intraneural perineuriomas are rare tumors of the peripheral nerves with unique immunohistochemical findings. In this report, we highlight the clinical and imaging findings of an adolescent male with histologically proven intraneural perineurioma involving multiple nerves. The salient features included a clinically progressive course, imaging evidence of involvement of long segments of multiple nerves, enlargement of individual fascicles within the affected nerves, and intense contrast enhancement of the enlarged fascicles. The identification of enlarged fascicles with intense contrast enhancement within the affected and distended nerve segments may aid in distinguishing intraneural perineurioma from other tumors affecting the peripheral nerves. PMID:24263031

  7. Medication use among children 0-14 years old: population baseline study / Uso de medicamentos entre crianças de 0-14 anos: estudo de base populacional

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria J.B., Cruz; Lays F.N., Dourado; Emerson C., Bodevan; Renata A., Andrade; Delba F., Santos.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência do consumo de medicamento em crianças e adolescentes de 20 municípios do Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais-Brasil, mostrando os principais grupos e variáveis que possam ter influenciado o uso. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo tipo inquérito populacional domicilia [...] r, amostra constituída por 555 entrevistas selecionadas de maneira aleatória simples por meio de amostragem por conglomerado de 137 setores censitários. Os critérios de inclusão foram idade ?14 anos, entrevista obrigatória com os responsáveis legais, independente de terem consumido medicamento. Quanto ao padrão de uso os participantes foram divididos em dois grupos consomem e não consomem medicamentos. Realizada análise descritiva das variáveis e aplicados testes de associação. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de consumo de medicamentos foi 56,57% e o não consumo 42,43%. O uso de plantas medicinais foi de 72,9% para o consumo de medicamento e 74,3% para o não consumo. As situações de saúde para o consumo foram tosse, resfriado comum, gripe, congestão nasal ou broncospasmo (49,7%); febre (5,4%); cefaléia (5,4%); diarréia, "má digestão" e cólica abdominal (6,7%). Na automedicação, 30,57% dos medicamentos foram indicados pela mãe, e 69,42% de prescrições médicas. Destaca-se na automedicação o uso de paracetamol (30,2%), dipirona (20,8%) e antigripais (18,8%). E um maior uso de analgésicos/antipiréticos, seguido do aparelho respiratório, antibióticos sistêmicos, antagonistas H1 da histamina e vitaminas/antianêmicos. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência do consumo de medicamentos na população infantil foi alta, indicando a necessidade de formulação de programas educativos visando principalmente à conscientização dos cuidadores sobre o uso racional. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of medication use in children and adolescents in 20 municipalities of Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais-Brazil, showing the main groups and variables that may have influenced use. METHODS: Descriptive population-based survey sample of 555 interviews, selec [...] ted by simple random cluster sampling of 137 census tracts. Inclusion criteria were age ? 14 years, mandatory interview with the legal guardians, and regardless of having received medications. Regarding the usage pattern, participants were divided into two groups: consumption and non-consumption of drugs. A descriptive analysis of the variables and tests of association were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of drug consumption was 56.57%, and 42.43% showed no consumption. The use of medicinal plants was 72.9% for drug users and 74.3% for non-users. The health conditions for consumption were cough, common cold, flu, nasal congestion or bronchospasm (49.7%), fever (5.4%), headache (5.4%), diarrhea, indigestion, and abdominal colic (6.7%). In cases of self-medication, 30.57% of the drugs were given by the mother, and 69.42% were prescription drugs. Self-medication was prevalent using paracetamol (30.2%), dipyrone (20.8%), and cold medicine (18.8%). There was increased use of analgesics/antipyretics, followed by respiratory medications, systemic antibiotics, histamine H1 antagonists, and vitamins/antianemics. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of drugs use in children was high, indicating the need for formulating educational programs aiming at the awareness of caregivers regarding rational use.

  8. Prenatal exposure to lead and cognitive deficit in 7- and 14-year-old children in the presence of concomitant exposure to similar molar concentration of methylmercury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yorifuji, Takashi; Debes, Frodi

    2011-01-01

    Few studies have examined the effects of mixed metal exposures in humans. We have evaluated the effect of prenatal lead exposure in a Faroese birth cohort in the presence of similar molar-level exposure to methylmercury. A cohort of 1022 singleton births was assembled in the Faroe Islands during 1986-1987 from whom lead was measured in cord-blood. A total of 896 cohort subjects participated in a clinical examination at age 7 and 808 subjects in a second examination at age 14. We evaluated the association between cord-blood lead concentrations and cognitive deficits (attention/working memory, language, visuospatial, and memory) using multiple regression models. Overall, the lead concentration showed no clear pattern of association. However, in subjects with a low methylmercury exposure, after inclusion of statistical interaction terms, lead-associated adverse effects on cognitive functions were observed. In particular, higher cord-blood lead was associated with a lower digit span forward score on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) [beta=-1.70, 95% confidence interval (CI): -3.12 to -0.28] at age 7 and a lower digit span backward score on the WISC-R (beta=-2.73, 95%CI: -4.32 to -1.14) at age 14. Some interaction terms between lead and methylmercury suggested that the combined effect of the exposures was less than additive. The present study indicates that adverse effects of exposure may be overlooked if the effects of a co-pollutant are ignored. The present study supports the existence of adverse effects on cognitive functions at prenatal lead exposures corresponding to an average cord-blood concentration of 16?g/L.

  9. The effect of duration of exercise at the ventilation threshold on subjective appetite and short-term food intake in 9 to 14 year old boys and girls

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pencharz Paul B

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The effect of exercise on subjective appetite and short-term food intake has received little investigation in children. Despite a lack of reported evaluation of short-duration activity programs, they are currently being implemented in schools as a means to benefit energy balance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of duration of exercise at the ventilation threshold (VeT on subjective appetite and short-term food intake in normal weight boys and girls aged 9 to 14 years. Methods On 4 separate mornings and in random order, boys (n = 14 and girls (n = 15 completed 2 rest or 2 exercise treatments for 15 (short-duration; SD or 45 min (long-duration; LD at their previously measured VeT, 2 h after a standardized breakfast. Subjective appetite was measured at regular intervals during the study sessions and food intake from a pizza meal was measured 30 min after rest or exercise. Results An increase in average appetite, desire to eat, and hunger (p Conclusion Neither SD nor LD exercise at the VeT increased short-term food intake and SD exercise attenuated increases in appetite. Thus, SD exercise programs in schools may be an effective strategy for maintaining healthier body weights in children.

  10. The effect of duration of exercise at the ventilation threshold on subjective appetite and short-term food intake in 9 to 14 year old boys and girls

    OpenAIRE

    Pencharz Paul B; Thomas Scott G; Bellissimo Nick; Bozinovski Natalie C; Goode Robert C; Anderson G Harvey

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background The effect of exercise on subjective appetite and short-term food intake has received little investigation in children. Despite a lack of reported evaluation of short-duration activity programs, they are currently being implemented in schools as a means to benefit energy balance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of duration of exercise at the ventilation threshold (VeT) on subjective appetite and short-term food intake in normal weight boys and girls a...

  11. Finding space to mental health : promoting mental health in adolescents (12 to 14 year olds): preliminary results of the intervention's effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Campos, Luísa; DIAS, Pedro; Palha, Filipa; Duarte, Ana; Veiga, Elisa

    2014-01-01

    Mental health and well-being are fundamental to our collective and individual ability as humans to think, to feel emotions, to form and maintain relationships, to study, to pursue leisure interests, to make day-to-day decisions and to enjoy a fulfilling life. A healthy adolescence is a prerequisite for a healthy adulthood. However, the current reality presents a concerning picture. The formation of individual and collective mental capital – especially in the earlier stages of life – is be...

  12. Promoting emotional literacy, equity and interest in science lessons for 11-14 year olds; the 'Improving Science and Emotional Development' project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matthews, Brian

    2004-03-01

    One hundred and sixty-five Year 7 (11-12 years old) pupils in co-educational schools in England participated in a study investigating the effects of mixed gender working on attitudinal and social measures. Eighty-two children working in mixed-gender groups and 83 control children working mainly in single-gender groups were tested on a variety of measures. Attitudes to science, social cohesion, self-reported individual learning, group learning, conflict resolution, and social facilitation, were recorded and analysed. In addition, pre-test and posttest evaluations were carried out and measures were related to test outcomes. The findings from the study indicated a positive effect of working in mixed groups: they were more likely than the control groups to like science lessons and consider taking it up as a subject in the future. Social measures indicated: (1) a better understanding of opposite-gender classmates, (2) a greater enjoyment of the collaborative nature of science, and (3) increased tendencies to offer academic support to peers. It is thus proposed that the integration of emotional learning within science lessons will facilitate boys' and girls' social development as well as increasing the likelihood of them being interested in science. These findings give support for the integration of emotional literacy with learning concepts in the science classroom and for co-educational schools.

  13. Functions of Turkish complementary schools in the UK: Official vs. Insider discourses

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Çise, Çavu& #351; o& #287; lu.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Complementary schools in the United Kingdom (UK) are community organised schools with the general aim of teaching younger generations their 'native' languages and cultures. However, the aims and practices of these schools are predominantly dependent on changes in the social and political contexts bo [...] th in the host country (in this case the UK) as well as in the respective 'home' countries of these children. This study focuses on one such Turkish complementary school in London, aiming to describe and analyse the functions of these schools more broadly, by means of a variety of perspectives and using a social constructivist approach. Data collected from official documents, participant observations, as well as interviews with parents, teachers, students and organisers of the schools, were analysed, focusing on the emerging themes in relation to the functions and practices of the schools. The analysis revealed that the official discourses, which stress the issue of underachievement amongst young people from Turkish speaking backgrounds in the UK, differ strikingly from the participants' perceptions of the functions of the school, as well as the actual teaching and learning practices found there. This discrepancy is attributed to trends in current neo-liberal educational discourses and the discourses surrounding ethnically-oriented educational provisions in the UK.

  14. The Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Form of the Somatosensory Amplification Scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kemal Sayar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In this study, the authors aimed to investigate the reliability and validity of the Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS that was developed by Barsky et al. in the Turkish population. Method: The study was carried out with 42 patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome and Asthma Diseases attending to outpatient Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation and Chest Diseases clinics and 86 healthy students from Karadeniz Technical Univercity (KTU. Results: SSAS scores were normally distributed, and had acceptable test-retest reliability (r: 0.73 and internal consistency (a, 0.62-0.76. Item to scale correlations varied from 0.10 to 0.72, and most were highly significant. Whereas, one item (item 1 in the control group and one item (item 2 in the patient group had low item-total score correlation (r<0.15. Criterion related validity of SSAS was shown with significant correlation between Symptom Interpretation Questionnaire, Toronto Alexithymia Scale and Symptom Check List 90 Revised somatization subscale. The validity analysis of the scale resulted in a very high significant difference (p<0.01 between the mean SSAS scores of the control and the patient group. Discussion: ITest-retest, internal reliability, and item-total score correlation, discriminating power for specific groups and criterion related validity of the SSAS show that the scale has acceptable reliability and validity for the Turkish population.

  15. SEMANTIC APPROACH TO THE TURKISH SHAMANIC COSTUMES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibel KILIÇ

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Siberian region being within Russian borders is host to important Shaman data from past to this date, and forms the most important region for the “Turkish Shamanism”. The subject under examination addresses main design types that reflect the style of the region and among many tribes; those which had been selected are qualified within Turkish Shaman cultural criterion and they had been limited to some major tribes which are: Altai, Yakut, Hakas, Tuva, Tofa and Dolgan tribes. The Shaman clothing which passes from father to son through inheritance or “Call Method” has been considered a form of sacred cult articles which were accepted as cosmic accessories that would transfer one into another universe which in turn has separated the owner from the rest of the members of the community and became the symbol of their isolated lifestyle. Almost all decorative elements of their clothing are consist of either aerial animals “Birds” sometimes ground animals such as deer, moos or Bear. However, it is possible to come across Shaman clothes designs which depict both aerial and ground animals together which form the basis of the oldest Turkic Shaman costumes. Style and design have been noticed as different concepts in Shaman costumes which form a religious cosmography when stood alone. As style is to do with “expression” side of the shaman’s dress, design is related to “the form” of it. Based on this, style is developed in a way which is in symbolic expression of shamanic person these are shapes of aerial and ground animals. However, the design reflects the signs of modification either on the basis of functionality or meaning throughout the time due to interaction. New forms being added and new designs being made indicates us the national development of system of shamanism. Shamanism that still has been on the forefront of a debate whether it is a religion or not, under oppression of other religions, shamanic costumes also have been influenced by cultural corruption which was seen almost in every society by significantly deviating from their traditions, in comparison to the past they have lost their authenticity and importance.

  16. Turkish Elementary School Students' Perceptions of Local and Global Terrorism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aricak, Tolga; Bekci, Banu; Siyahhan, Sinem; Martinez, Rebecca

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: Historically, terrorism has occurred in various regions of the world and has been considered a local problem until the September, 11 terrorist attacks on the United States in 2001. After 9/11, terrorism has become a global concern. The definition of terrorism has changed from a violent act of a group of local people against their…

  17. When Consciousness Dawns: Confronting Homophobia with Turkish High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michell, Michael J.

    2009-01-01

    Turkey, like many Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cultures, is homosocial. Profoundly intimate, though nonsexual, relationships between members of the same gender predominate. In such cultures it is expected that male friends kiss one another on the cheek when greeting or saying goodbye, and it is common to see men walk arm-in-arm together, hold…

  18. LANGUAGE LEARNING IN SECOND LIFE: American and Turkish Students’ Experiences

    OpenAIRE

    Balcikanli, Cem

    2012-01-01

    There have been several attempts to integrate Web 2.0 technologies including podcasts, weblogs, wikis, and virtual 3D communities into language education thus far. Second Life, a virtual 3D community, might create unique opportunities for language learners specifically in the following ways: As a source of authentic interaction with target language speakers, a venue for language classes, and an autonomous study opportunity for learners. In this context, this study reports Second Life experien...

  19. Teacher Autonomy Perceptions of Iranian and Turkish EFL Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebrahim KHEZERLOU

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed at examining Iranian (N= 218 and Turkish (N=142 high school EFL teachers’ opinions about teacher autonomy over (a the choice of appropriate teaching methods, strategies and techniques and implementation of the established curriculum (b teacher involvement in decision making processes and (c teachers’ use of personal initiative in solving their work problems. An 11-item questionnaire (?= .758 was used to measure autonomy perceptions of the participants. The results revealed that Turkish teachers’ autonomy perceptions were greater than that of Iranian teachers in the three teacher autonomy dimensions. Moreover, it was observed that male and master- holder teachers perceive less autonomy than female and bachelor-holder ones; whereas, no significant relationship were observed for the age and marital status variables with any teacher autonomy dimensions. Lastly, decision making dimension was the strongest predictor of teacher autonomy among both Iranian and Turkish teachers.

  20. Teacher Autonomy Perceptions of Iranian and Turkish EFL Teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebrahim KHEZERLOU

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The study aimed at examining Iranian (N= 218 and Turkish (N=142 high school EFL teachers’ opinions about teacher autonomy over (a the choice of appropriate teaching methods, strategies and techniques and implementation of the established curriculum (b teacher involvement in decision making processes and (c teachers’ use of personal initiative in solving their work problems. An 11-item questionnaire (?= .758 was used to measure autonomy perceptions of the participants. The results revealed that Turkish teachers’ autonomy perceptions were greater than that of Iranian teachers in the three teacher autonomy dimensions. Moreover, it was observed that male and master- holder teachers perceive less autonomy than female and bachelor-holder ones; whereas, no significant relationship were observed for the age and marital status variables with any teacher autonomy dimensions. Lastly, decision making dimension was the strongest predictor of teacher autonomy among both Iranian and Turkish teachers.

  1. ABOUTH DANTE IN TURKISH / TÜRKÇEDE DANTE ÜZER?NE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Assoc. Prof. Dr. O?uz KARAKARTAL

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the answers to the question: with whom westretch our intellectual horizons towards the west isDante. Since the 1980's we have come across, first, withhis name and his life in articles and in printed materialsabout Turkish Literature. After the 1990's, however, littlepieces of translated passages from Dante can be seen onthe printed papers. During the Republican Period manybooks were published and Dante began to be a sourceand an influence on the Turkish writers. In Turkish authors' works, mostly in the writings of Halide Edip Ad?var,Yakup Kadri Karaosmano?lu, Nihal Ads?z, OrhanPamuk, Elif Safak and Tahsin Yücel, the traces andinfluence of Dante's Divine Comedy and its motifs arediscerned

  2. REPUBLIC THOUGHT IN EARLY PERIOD OF TURKISH ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selim KARAKA?

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The Turks percept of sovereignty which is based on idea of kut and is donation from God it is seen traces of the concept of welfare state. The limits of this concept is determined by legal power (tore. It protects people and is dependent on principles of law. In this regard ?t is necessary the position of phenomenon of republic in Turkish state culture to be evaluated as a problematic event. In this article it is tried to be searched whether it can be founded about presence of ‘republic’ idea in old Turkish state concept. This matter is assessed in looking at perception of state, administration and domination in Turkish history.

  3. Generating Context-Appropriate Word Orders in Turkish

    CERN Document Server

    Hoffman, B

    1994-01-01

    Turkish has considerably freer word order than English. The interpretations of different word orders in Turkish rely on information that describes how a sentence relates to its discourse context. To capture the syntactic features of a free word order language, I present an adaptation of Combinatory Categorial Grammars called {}-CCGs (set-CCGs). In {}-CCGs, a verb's subcategorization requirements are relaxed so that it requires a set of arguments without specifying their linear order. I integrate a level of information structure, representing pragmatic functions such as topic and focus, with {}-CCGs to allow certain pragmatic distinctions in meaning to influence the word order of a sentence in a compositional way. Finally, I discuss how this strategy is used within an implemented generation system which produces Turkish sentences with context-appropriate word orders in a simple database query task.

  4. The experiences of involuntarily childless Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Rooij, Floor B; van Balen, Frank; Hermanns, Jo M A

    2009-05-01

    The consequences of involuntary childlessness are influenced by culture in several ways. In this study we explored the experiences and responses of infertile Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands. Twenty in-depth interviews were conducted with involuntarily childless Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands (11 couples and 9 women). Interviews were transcribed verbatim and were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). The respondents' experiences were clustered around six superordinate themes: effects on self; effects on the relationship with the partner; effects on the relationship with others; disclosure; coping; and the future. Most transcripts revealed that involuntary childlessness has a profound negative influence on multiple aspects of the lives of the respondents. Strong pronatalist ideology, misconceptions about infertility and treatment, and migration-related aspects such as language difficulties, appear to play a role in the negative experiences of Turkish immigrants. Respondents reported several ways of coping (to some extent) with these negative experiences. PMID:19270194

  5. Milk-based traditional Turkish desserts

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    Tulay Ozcan

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Traditional foods are the reflection of cultural inheritance and affect the lifestyle habits. Culture can be viewed as a system of socially transmitted patterns of behaviour that characterises a particular group. Despite the fact of globalisation, these are key elements to accurately estimate a population’s dietary patterns and how these have been shaped through time. In Turkey, a meal with family or friends traditionally ends with a dessert, which is a testimony to the hosts’ hospitality or to the housewife’s love and affection for her husband and children, since sweets and desserts are important elements of Turkish cuisine. However, the consciousnesses of nutrition and healthy eating, due to rapid change in popular life style and dietary patterns, has contributed to the increased interest in traditional foods with potential health benefits, with increased uncertainty for dessert consumption. Dairy desserts are extensively consumed due to their nutritive and sensoric characteristics. Some of traditional dairy desserts are Mustafakemalpasa, Gullac, Kazandibi, Hosmerim and Tavukgogsu, which are mainly made from milk or fresh cheese, and the current paper discusses their manufacturing processes and composition.

  6. The validity and reliability study of the Turkish version of Quick Big Five Personality Test

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    umit morsunbul

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Personality is one of the most investigated topics in areas which examine human behaviors. Various approaches have been proposed to examine personality. But the Big-Five Personality Theory, which suggests personality traits can be assessed under the five-factor, has begun to come to the fore. These factors are extraversion, agreeableness, emotional stability, conscientiousness and openness to experience. The aim of this study is to adapt the Quick Big Five Personality Test (QBFPT, which measures personality dimensions to Turkish. Method: The participants of this study consisted of 793 (63.9% females students and their age are between 14-22 (mean age=17.76, SD=2.37. The participants consisted of two age groups. Adolescent group study consisted of 478 (60.7% females high school students and their age are between 14-17 (mean age=16.03, SD=0.85. Emerging adult group study consisted of 315 (68.9% females university students and their age are between 18-22 (mean age=20.39, SD=1.25. The QBFPT, the Self-Concept Clarity Scale, the Children's Depression Inventory, the Screen for Child Anxiety Disorders Scale and the Satisfaction with Life Scale were used to collect data. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis showed factor structure of the QBFPT was confirmed. Also, item analysis indicated items in the test works well to measure personality traits. The internal consistency and test-retest stability revealed Turkish version of the QBFPT is reliable. Conclusion: The results of this study showed The Quick Big Five Personality Test is reliable and valid measurement to determine personality traits.

  7. Capturing the Turkish Fortress on Danube as the Decisive Factor in the Victory of Russia in the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791

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    Ivan Tatarinov

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available During the Russian-Turkish war of 1787-1791 the fortress on the Danube were major military bases for the Turkish army. They are reliably protected the Balkans against the invading Russian troops. Based on studies of the memoirs of contemporaries and predecessors in this article refers to the importance of seizing the Turkish fortifications on the Danube in 1790. In addition, examined and identified the characteristics of each stage of the military campaign in 1790.

  8. Capturing the Turkish Fortress on Danube as the Decisive Factor in the Victory of Russia in the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791

    OpenAIRE

    Ivan Tatarinov

    2013-01-01

    During the Russian-Turkish war of 1787-1791 the fortress on the Danube were major military bases for the Turkish army. They are reliably protected the Balkans against the invading Russian troops. Based on studies of the memoirs of contemporaries and predecessors in this article refers to the importance of seizing the Turkish fortifications on the Danube in 1790. In addition, examined and identified the characteristics of each stage of the military campaign in 1790.

  9. Evaluation the prevalence of permanent anterior crown fracture and its relevant between 7-14 years students in Tehran, year of 1375

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    Mahmodian J

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Anterior tooth crown fracture in children is something that each dentist will confront"nmany times during his professional career."nWe studied the prevalence of anterior teeth crown fractures between 7-14 years old students in"nTehran and some relevant factors like sex, age, the traumatized tooth, amount of overbite and"noverjet, upper lip coverage, jaw that had fractured tooth or teeth and place of fracture in fractured"ncrown."n1338 boys and 1184 girls were in this study. Tooth fracture was almost the same in boys and"n1184 girls with the prevalence of 8%. Fracture was mostly in enamel and average year of"nfracture was 10 years."nIncreased overjet and overbite had direct relation and indirect relation with fracture, also enough"nlip coverage showed less fracture.

  10. Turkish-Russian Relations During the Lausanne Conference With Archieve Documents

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    Mihail Serafimoviç Meyer

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article Russian Turcologist M. S. Meyer represents the beginning process of Turkish- Soviet Russian relations based on arshive documents. The facts that happened after two country recognised each other are explained in this article. The dialogues beginning after sending missions, gets up to such level that some Turkish senators introducing their thoughts about the acceptance of the communist regime. In the article M. S. Meyer is analysing Turkish and Soviet rapproshment, mutual solidarity and the progress of relationship between two counries. According to Russian historians the Turkish governments attitudes to the Soviet Russia has changed during The Lausanne Conference. Frendly relations goes down after negative attitudes of Russian official of Cheka to Turkish consulate employee and after negative propagandas of some turkish politicians against the Soviet Russia. Relations between two countries thoroughly change direction after Turkish government got closer to western countries. Soviet Russian politicians have also a great effect on this result.

  11. E-LEARNING TURKISH LANGUAGE AND GRAMMAR: Analyzing Learners' Behavior

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    Panagiotis GEORGALAS

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses the behavior and the preferences of the Greek learners of Turkish language, who use a particular e-learning website in parallel with their studies, namely: http://turkish.pgeorgalas.gr. The website offers free online material in Greek and English language for learning the Turkish language and grammar. The traffic of several modules of the website has been measured, examined and analyzed. The research was carried out between the years 2010- 2011 and included the analysis of several million clicks. The results show particular attitudes, habits and preferences throughout the e-learning process. There is a preference of users to exercises against theory. Fast cross-link exercises are preferred to slower “fill in” ones. During the weekends, visitors tend to use less e-learning facilities and select more light activities than the rest days of the week. Society trends and fashions like TV serials have a serious impact to the number of people who decide to learn a new foreign language, in particular Turkish. There is a strong preference of the audience to use online TV against online radio facilities for language practice. The subjects that Greek learners of Turkish language spend more time are verbs conjugation and vocabulary learning. They focus on elementary grammar subjects like the Alphabet, the numbers and the formation of plural. Finally, they try to learn the syntax of Turkish language through sentence structure puzzles and give priority to special grammar issues like noun compounds that are not present in Greek language.

  12. HORROR IN TURKISH CINEMA: A REVIEW RELIGIOUS MOTIFS AND VISSUAL AFFECTS IN TURKISH HORROR MOVIE AFTER 2000

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    Esra TÜRKEL

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Since the invetion of the cinematograph cinema enter the human life. Cinema has been seen as a entertainment. Cinema presented in a harmony of visual and sound effects and it attracted people. After the industrialization the genre niton come out in the cinema. The genre of horror is the most coveted in the cinema. The horror cinema not affected by the economic crisis and cheaper. Turkey experiments horror cinema too. In the 1970’s Turkish horror films was a copy of western ones in visualy and subject. However, we see Turkish Horror film’s own tales in 2000’s. But these films were lack of visual and tales were similar as western ones. In this context, we examined Turkish horror cinema with examples of showing horror flicks and created issues which increased after 2000’s.

  13. The internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the Turkish translation of the beliefs about appearance scale

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    Emine Göçet Tekin

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to adapt into Turkish and examine the psychometric properties of the Beliefs about Appearance Scale (BAAS, which was developed by Spangler and Stice (2001 in order to measure the beliefs about appearance. The participants of the study were 274 current Sakarya University students. In this study, the psychometric properties of the scale were examined by means of item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, criterion-related validity, internal consistency and split-half reliability methods. The findings have confirmed that BAAS was a sufficiently valid and reliable measuring instrument.

  14. Longitudinal Analysis of Academic Burnout in Korean Middle School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Boyoung; Lee, Minyoung; Kim, Keunhwa; Choi, Hyunju; Lee, Sang Min

    2014-01-23

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the longitudinal relationships between the initial values and slopes of three dimensions of burnout syndrome (i.e. emotional exhaustion, cynicism and academic inefficacy). The study utilized four-wave longitudinal data from a total of 367 (81.6% response rate) middle school students in South Korea. Comprising a 6-month interval survey, the first survey was conducted in June 2010, the second in December 2010, the third in June 2011 and the fourth in December 2011. All participants were 13-year-olds at the first and second surveys, and 14-year-olds at the third and fourth surveys. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey was used for each survey to assess the level of academic burnout. The longitudinal data were analysed using latent growth modelling. The results of the study indicated that high initial values (intercept) for emotional exhaustion were associated with a higher rate of increase (slope) in cynicism and academic inefficacy. On the other hand, high initial values for cynicism and academic inefficacy were associated with a lower rate of increase in the other dimensions. This longitudinal study should promote understanding of burned-out students and contribute to the literature by informing the design of prevention programmes for academic burnout. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:24452964

  15. THE FRONTIER LORD OF TURKISH POETRY: REREADING OF ILHAN BERK’S ISTANBUL IN THE CONTEXT OF TURKISH MODERNISM

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    Murat LÜLEC?

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Modernism, which was established as a civilization project based on reason and scientific ideas, created its own texts in non-western societies within the context of their own cultural geography. Preceding the Tanzimat, Turkish modernism, as one of the non-western modernization processes, started closely interacting with western modernism; however, it was not until the second half of the 20th century that modern-industrialized society started to reflect on Turkish literary texts. The Second New movement generated a distinct sentiment in to modern Turkish poetry, through its innovative language, its investigative approach towards existence, and interrogative attitude towards Modernism.This is an inquisitive attempt to understand ?lhan Berk, one of the leading poets of the Second New movement, and his poem Istanbul within the context of Modernism. In order to situate Berk’s poetics, I willconduct a close reading of Berk’s poem Istanbul. Berk, a modernist poet whose aesthetics is often associated with the Second New movement, stands out in modern Turkish poetry in terms of his style, versatility of structure and poetic imagery. An attentive reading of his poem Istanbul not only reflects Turkish modernism but also defines the aesthetic imprints of how modernism is perceived in a given time and milieu. Berk, who, in his literary essays, gave one of the first modern manifestations of Turkish poetry, Berk, reflects the existential conditions of the modern individual in the aesthetic plaque of poetry, with a social attentiveness. The poet, who, as a city wonderer, experimented the city through the lenses of modernism, has given one of the first and most striking examples of the interaction between modern society and modern individual.

  16. Turkish education in Cyprus since 1974. An outline of some of the changes in curriculum organisation and the professional standing of teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crellin, C. T.

    1981-09-01

    The setting up of the `Turkish Federated State of Cyprus' (TFSC) in the north of Cyprus and the settlement of several thousand mainland Turks to assist the ailing economy and the international isolation of the minority Turkish community, have affected teaching and development in the schools of that community. At the same time, the sense of security and independence has encouraged the authorities to shift the emphasis from isolated single teacher village schools to larger units, but this has not been without resistance from some of the communities concerned. Schooling is seen as a pattern of 6+3+3 years from the age of six, representing elementary, middle and secondary high school. In the secondary field proposals have been put forward to offer a curriculum and organisation more appropriate to the developing needs of the small community. However, the dependent economy, the democratic ideals of which the community is very conscious, and the conflicting influence of Western and Islamic traditions render progress here fraught with difficulty. Similarly, the moves towards a Turkish-Cypriot based, rather than a Turkish based, curriculum in the elementary schools can move only very slowly in a situation where there is some resentment of the mainland Turkish presence yet political dependence upon it. In the absence of higher education on the island, and with an impoverished teacher training college in Kyrenia, the obvious destination for the island's students is mainland Turkey. The radical elementary teachers' union is particularly critical of Turkish nationalist sentiment. Teachers in general have good conditions of service but have both the benefits and drawbacks of close association with government officials in the small community. The teacher's role is changing not only now that the fighting has ceased but also as moves towards larger units are undertaken. Clearly, if progress is to be made, there is need for the involvement of commonwealth or other international agencies in the development of a wider curriculum in elementary schools, in the organisation of secondary education, in teacher training and in the establishment of higher education at university level on the island — ideally one which could serve both Greek and Turkish communities.

  17. SELF EFFICACY PERCEPTIONS OF TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATE TÜRKÇE Ö?RETMEN? ADAYLARININ Ö?RETMENL?K MESLE??NE DÖNÜK ÖZ YETERL?K ALGILARI

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    Hasan BA?CI

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the study is to investigate Turkish teacher candidates’ self-efficacy levels according to their gender, kind of education, graduated type of high school and academic achievement. In the study data was collected by “Turkish Teacher Candidates’ Self Efficacy Perception Scale” developed by the researchers. The scale consisting of five sub-factors is five-item Likert-type scale. 351 Turkish teacher candidates whose 179 female and 172 male attended to the study. The participants of the study consisted of 4th grade students enrolled in Turkish Teaching Departments of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Inönü University, Ondokuz May?s University, Sakarya University, Gaziantep University, Dokuz Eylül University and Gazi University Faculties of Education. Data was analysed by using SPSS 15.0 package program. The results of the study indicated that, Turkish teachercandidates’ self-efficacy levels is “good”. Turkish teacher candidates' self-efficacy scores did not show any changes according to their gender, kind of education, graduated type of high school. But it was observed that according to academic achievement Turkish teacher candidates’ self-efficacy scores there was significant relationship. Bu ara?t?rman?n temel amac? Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n öz yeterlik alg?lar?n?n cinsiyete, ö?retim türüne, mezun olunan lise türüne ve akademik ba?ar? durumlar?na göre incelenmesidir. Çal??madaki veriler, ara?t?rmac?lar taraf?ndan geli?tirilen “Türkçe Ö?retmeni Adaylar?n?n Öz Yeterlik Alg?s? Ölçe?i” arac?l???yla toplanm??t?r. Be? alt faktörden olu?an ölçek, be?li likert tipi bir ölçme arac?d?r.Ara?t?rmaya 179’u k?z, 172’si erkekten olu?an 351 Türkçe ö?retmeni aday? kat?lm??t?r. Kat?l?mc?lar Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi, ?nönü Üniversitesi, Ondokuz May?s Üniversitesi, Sakarya Üniversitesi, Gaziantep Üniversitesi, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi ve Gazi Üniversitesi e?itim fakültelerinin Türkçe ö?retmenli?i program? son s?n?f ö?rencileridir. Veriler, SPSS 15.0 istatistik paket program?ndan yararlan?larak analiz edilmi?tir. Ara?t?rman?n sonuçlar?na göre Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n öz yeterlik alg?lar? “iyi” düzeydedir. Adaylar?n öz yeterlik alg?lar? cinsiyet, ö?renim türü ve mezun olunan lise türü bak?m?ndan farkl?l?k göstermezken adaylar?n akademik ba?ar? durumlar?na göre anlaml? farkl?l?k göstermektedir.

  18. Preparation of Non-listed Companies for External Auditing: Policy Recommendations for Turkish SMEs towards New Turkish Commercial Code

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Fatih Dalkilic; Cemal Ibis; Naz?m Hikmet

    2012-01-01

    Through recent developments, including the new Turkish Commercial Code, Basel II and IFRS for SMEs; External Auditing is quickly becoming a current issue that is expected to add value to all non-listed companies. Turkish Commercial Code requires all companies ...

  19. Students' Attitudes to Information in the Press: Critical Reading of a Newspaper Article With Scientific Content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveras, B.; Márquez, C.; Sanmartí, N.

    2014-08-01

    This research analyses what happens when a critical reading activity based on a press article dealing with an energy-related problem is implemented with two groups of students of 13-14 years old and 16-17 years old in the same school (a total of 117 students). Specifically, the research analyses the students' profiles from the standpoint of their attitudes to the information given in the news story and the use they make of it when writing an argumentative text. It also analyses the difficulties the students have when it comes to applying their knowledge about energy in a real-life context. Lastly, some strategies are suggested for helping students to critically analyse the scientific content of a newspaper article. Three reader profiles were identified (the credulous reader, the ideological reader and the critical reader). No significant differences were found in reading profiles in terms of age or scientific knowledge. The findings show that the activity helped to link science learning in school with facts relating to an actual context, particularly in the case of students with more science knowledge.

  20. Critical thinking levels of senior students at education faculties and their views on obstacles to critical thinking

    OpenAIRE

    Aycan Çiçek Sa?lam; Elif Büyükuysal

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to determine the critical thinking levels of senior students at Primary School Teacher and Turkish Language Teacher Education Departments and to explore their views on the obstacles to critical thinking. The research uses both the quantitative and the qualitative approach. First, for data-gathering purposes, the sample group, consisting of 139 senior students from the Bülent Ecevit University, Educational Faculty, Turkish Language Teacher Education Departme...

  1. Abnormal eating attitudes and sexual abuse experiences in Turkish university women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elal, G; Sabol, E; Slade, P

    2004-09-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the direct and indirect relationship between abnormal eating attitudes and sexual abuse. The subject sample comprised 532 female Turkish undergraduate and nursing students in Istanbul. The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT), Sexual Abuse Questionnaire, the Setting Conditions for Anorexia Nervosa Scale, the Positive and Negative Perfectionism Scale and the Need for Control Scale (NCS) were the instruments of the study. The results showed that sexual abuse has a direct effect on EAT-Bulimia but not on EAT-Dieting. It also has some indirect effects on both of these through its effects on family functioning. Perfectionism, on the other hand, was independently linked with both EAT-Dieting and EAT-Bulimia but was not associated with sexual abuse. PMID:15656010

  2. Necessity of Re-Organization of Turkish Agricultural Higher Education System

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    P. Ulger

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Education in Agricultural Faculties has been changing from beginning to these days in Turkey. However, education in agriculture always contains all area of agriculture and students are awarded the same diploma which is “Agricultural Engineer” after four years. By means of science and technology has been developing, agricultural applications also have been changing recently. This resulted in increasing of requirements from agricultural engineer in respect of both wide and deep knowledge about agriculture. In this study it was aimed that clarification of history of agricultural higher education from the beginning till now in Turkey and agricultural higher education systems in some developed countries. Necessity of re-organization of Turkish agricultural higher education system was also discussed and some recommendations about this theme were given.

  3. Substance abuse: risk factors for Turkish youth

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    andres j. pumariega

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Substance abuse amongst youth has been growing in developed and developing nations, including Turkey. This growth is related to a number of factors, not the least of which are forces associated with development, globalization, and youth culture. The identification of risk factors for youth substance abuse for particular populations is an important approach to the development of prevention and intervention strategies. Methods: We analyzed the data from a survey of 31,272 youth ages 14 to 18 years enrolled in high schools in Istanbul that covered the use of various substances as well as a number of demographic, socioeconomic, cultural, psychopathological, and psychosocial risk factors. Our data consisted of answers to similar questions that were asked in European School Survey Project (ESPAD, Youth in Europe (YIE, and Monitoring of the Future Survey and the National Household Survey in USA. We used binary logistic regression analyses to generate risk profiles for each of the following categories of lifetime use: tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, other illicit drugs, and multiple (two or more other illicit drugs. Results: We identified statistically significant risk profiles for these different substance categories. All the different risk factor categories contributed variably to the use of gateway drugs (tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and other illicits, but the multiple use of other illicit drugs was associated primarily with a narrower set of psychopathological (suicidality, irritability, and antisocial problems and psychosocial variables (family substance abuse and peer in?uence. Conclusions: These risk profiles share some commonality with those found amongst other populations. However, these unique risk profiles for Turkish youth can be useful in developing primary and secondary preventive interventions to address the growing substance use and abuse problems. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, focusing on time trends and risk factors of substance use in youth of emerging countries including Turkey, are needed.

  4. A LANGUAGE MODELING APPROACH TO TURKISH TEXT RETRIEVAL

    OpenAIRE

    Yilmazel, O?zgu?r

    2010-01-01

    We used Lemur Toolkit, an open source toolkit designed for Information Retrieval research, for our automated indexing and retrieval experiments on a TREC-like test collection for Turkish language. We investigate effectiveness of three retrieval models Lemur supports, especially Language modeling approach to Information Retrieval, combined with language specific preprocessing techniques. Our experiments show that language specific preprocessing significantly improves retrieval performance for ...

  5. Predicting Organizational Commitment from Organizational Culture in Turkish Primary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ipek, Cemalettin

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to describe organizational culture and commitment and to predict organizational commitment from organizational culture in Turkish primary schools. Organizational Culture Scale (Ipek "1999") and Organizational Commitment Scale (Balay "2000") were used in the data gathering process. The data were collected from 415 primary teachers…

  6. The Traditionally-Rich Verbal Culture of the Turkish Peasantry

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    Sinan Çaya

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The rural Turkish culture is essentially verbal but it is quite rich with its end results visible in precious anonymous tales, proverbs, idioms reflecting wisdom, funeral songs, ballads, folk songs. The long line of tradition affects the intellectual in downtown centers, which has its proof in a random diction uttered on a given occasion.

  7. Antimicrobial Activity of Certain Plants used in Turkish Traditional Medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Basaran Dulger; Ahmet Gonuz

    2004-01-01

    Ethanolic extracts of 16 Turkish plant species used in folk medicine were investigated for their antimicrobial activities against nine bacterial species (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus vulgaris, Bacillus cereus, Mycobacterium smegmatis, Listeria monocytogenes and Micrococcus luteus) and three yeasts (Candida albicans, Kluyveromyces fragilis and Rhodotorula rubra) using the disc diffusion method. Of the 16 plants tested, ten show...

  8. TURKISH PARTIES’ POSITIONS TOWARDS THE EU: BETWEEN EUROPHILIA AND EUROPHOBIA

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    Mehmet Bardakç?

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This research is a case study meant to find out whether the arguments put forward by Szczerbiak and Taggart analyzing Euroscepticism in the party systems of the EU candidate states of Central and Eastern Europe hold true for party-based Euroscepticism in Turkish politics. The primary argument of this article is that the Turkish party system displays many similarities with its Central and Eastern European counterparts despite some differences. In order to test this argument, firstly the nature of Euroscepticism in Turkey and Turkish political parties is clarified. Then, the characteristics of Euroscepticism in Turkish political parties are tested against Szczerbiak and Taggart's hypotheses with respect to the Central and Eastern European candidate countries. Among the propositions tested are the influence of a party’s position in the left-right spectrum on the expression of Euroscepticism, the relationship between the level of public Euroscepticism and the level of Euroscepticism in the party-system, the variation between soft-Euroscepticism and hard-Euroscepticism in the candidate and member states of the EU, the correlation between the level of Euroscepticism and the prospect for EU membership, the link between state development and the level of party-based Euroscepticism, and the relationship between public Euroscepticism and party-based Euroscepticism.

  9. The Prevalence of Injuries in Professional Turkish Soccer Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaner, Faruk; Gumusdag, Hayrettin; Kartal, Alparslan; Gumus, M.; Gullu, A.; Imamoglu, O.

    2011-01-01

    Study aim: To assess the prevalence and anatomical sites of injuries in professional soccer players in one game season. Material and methods: A cohort of 510 professional male soccer players consisting of 48 goalkeepers, 194 defence players, 189 mid-field players and 79 forward players of the 1st and 2nd Turkish Professional Soccer Leagues in…

  10. A perspective from the practice of swaddling by Turkish mothers

    OpenAIRE

    Yilmaz, Ae; Unsal, Ns; Celik, N.; Karabel, M.; Keskin, Ea; Tan, S.; Aldemir, S.

    2012-01-01

    Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the practice of swaddling by Turkish mothers residing in different areas of the country (rural or urban), and determine to their level of knowledge on its positive and negative effects on children’s health.

  11. Exchange Rate Misalignment in Turkey: Overvalution of the Turkish Lira

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    Arif Orçun Söylemez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In 2001, Modern Turkey experienced the most severe financial collapse in its history during the implementation of an anti-inflationary, fixed-exchange-rate-based stabilisation program. An important part of critisms following this collapse focused on the exchange rates. The main argument was that the program overlooked the fact that Turkish Lira was highly overvalued during the implementation of the stabilisation program. The currency of a country would be overvalued if its realized values against other currencies persistently stayed over the long-term equilibrium trend. Overvalution of a currency is an important matter for any country because the exchange rates are decisive on the external balance of a country, the stability of financial system, and the internal prices and hence on the allocation of resources. Plus, the two recent financial crises in Turkey, in 1994 and 2001, broke out after significant overvaluations in the Turkish Lira. This study found significant overvaluations in cumulative terms in the Turkish Lira for the period after 2001. Although, Turkey might have gained some resilience to exchange rate misalignments after 2001 due to political and economic changes in the country, the high level of overvaluation in the Turkish Lira should nevertheless be seen as a risk factor.

  12. Favoritism in the Turkish Educational System: Nepotism, Cronyism and Patronage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydogan, Ismail

    2009-01-01

    In almost all systems there have been unethical behaviors that take place in written and visual media. Of all these unethical behaviors, favoritism takes precedence. This study was conducted to investigate whether or not the administrators favor some people in the Turkish national education system and also to reveal the teachers' thoughts on…

  13. The Measurement of Collaborative School Culture (CSC) on Turkish Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gumuseli, Ali Ilker; Eryilmaz, Arzu

    2011-01-01

    Background: School culture is a system of shared orientations that holds a unit together and gives it a distinctive identity (Hoy, 1997). It is a multifaceted concept composed of different factors (Devos et al., 2004; Maslowski, 2001). Aim: The study both aimed to measure the realization rates of collaborative school culture in Turkish public…

  14. Reflective Teaching Practices in Turkish Primary School Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tok, Sukran; Dolapcioglu, Sevda Dogan

    2013-01-01

    The objective of the study is to explore the prevalence of reflective teaching practices among Turkish primary school teachers. Qualitative and quantitative research methods were used together in the study. The sample was composed of 328 primary school teachers working in 30 primary education institutions in the town of Antakya in the province of…

  15. Hierarchical Factor Structure of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory in a Normal Population

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    Mucahit Kagan

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Negative consequences of traumatic experiences, such as depression, anxiety, or dissociative symptoms, etc. have been reported by many researchers. However, it is proposed that stressful events not only lead to poor psychological outcomes but also may trigger positive changes. Several instruments gauging posttraumatic benefits have been developed to examine the effects of factors that may promote positive psychological outcomes in the aftermath of stressful events. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI is one of the prominent instruments that assess posttraumatic positive changes. In this study we aimed to assess psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the PTGI. Method: This study differed to an extent from previous studies concerning the features of the PTGI. We used a dispositional form of the instrument in a sample recruited from high school and university students. Our data were collected from 723 volunteers. 367 subjects were males (50.76% and 356 subjects were females (49.24%. Also we did not specify any selection criteria in recruiting subjects owing to their adverse life experiences with a presumption that stressful life events are not uncommon in normal population. We administered to participants a dispositional form of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and the Personal View Survey-III. Item statistics for the measure were computed. We performed an explanatory factor analysis by using principal components with promax rotation and a confirmatory factor analysis by using structural equation modeling. Since the factor inter-correlations were higher than .40 we computed Schmid-Leiman transformation to obtain second-order general factor loadings. Inner consistencies and 15-day test-retest intracorrelations were calculated. Results: Item discrimination indexes ranged from .28 to .72. Promax rotated principal components analysis pointed out a three-factor structure. It was found in model testing with structural equation modeling that three-factor structure was valid for the Turkish version of the PTGI. After computing second-order factor loadings, we detected that general factor accounted for 64 percentage of the total variance. Three subscales of the measure were the Changes in Self-Perception, Changes in Philosophy of Life, and Changes in Relationship. Internal consistency for the Changes in Self-Perception subscale was 0.88, for the Changes in Philosophy of Life subscale was 0.78, for the Changes in Relationship was 0.77, and for the overall items was 0.92. 15-day test-retest intra-correlation for the composite scores was 0.83 and intra-correlations for the subscale scores ranged from 0.70 to 0.85. Conclusion: Turkish version of the measure revealed a three-factor first-order structure. However, it seems that the concept of posttraumatic benefits measured by the PTGI has a tendency to represent a unidimensional psychological construct in Turkish sample. Since the three-factor structure was validated, three-subscales may also be used to make an extensive assessment instead of composite scores. The PTGI is a valid and reliable measure to be used in research purposes among Turkish individuals. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(5.000: 617-624

  16. The Analysis of Questions Including Visuals in SBS Turkish Tests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gürkan Tabak

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The restructured primary education programs have different reflections on Turkish educational system and these reflections continue to be. A reflection of the renewed primary education programs has been noticed in exam for the transition to secondary school. A new exam under the name of Placement Test (SBS has been applied since 2008. Compared with other tests, significant changes have been made within the scope of the SBS. One of these changes is to give place to the questions including images in SBS Turkish tests. When literature is reviewed, it is seen that there has been no research which analyzes the questions including images in SBS Turkish tests. The purpose of this study is to analyze the rate, diversity and content of the questions including images in SBS Turkish tests according to 6th, 7th and 8th class levels. With this purpose, SBS test booklets were analyzed using document review method which is one of the qualitative research approaches. The rate, diversity and content of the questions including images in SBS Turkish tests in the class level were determined by applying Miles and Huberman’s interactive model, coding and note-taking procedures and they were presented in findings of the research. According to the findings, it has been concluded that there is no standard in the rate by years and it was concentrated on them under specific headings in the range of variety and content. Provided that the results reached and recommendations made are taken into consideration, it is recommended that the images should be used in the new exam for transition to secondary school.

  17. Speaking anxiety among Turkish EFL learners: The case at a state university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gökhan Öztürk

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the level, major causes, determining factors of foreign language speaking anxiety and students’ perceptions of it in a Turkish EFL context. Pre-intermediate students (N=383 of an English preparatory program at a state university participated in the study. The data regarding the level of EFL speaking anxiety were collected through a questionnaire, and then, randomly selected participants (N=19 were interviewed to get in-depth data on speaking anxiety. The quantitative data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, and the qualitative data were analyzed via content analysis. Although the results of the quantitative data revealed that students experienced a low level of EFL speaking anxiety, the quantitative data demonstrated that most of the students perceive speaking skill as an anxiety provoking factor. It was also found that pronunciation, immediate questions, fears of making mistakes and negative evaluation are the major causes of EFL speaking anxiety. Finally, the present study puts forward that foreign language speaking anxiety is a separate phenomenon with its own sources, aspects, variables and effects on learners.

  18. University Evaluation-Selection: A Turkish Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Gonca Telli

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the university selection criteria of students for better university management with the use of marketing tools. Design/methodology/approach: This study consists of a survey on students attending a foundation university in Turkey. The questionnaire method has been chosen in order to determine the…

  19. Understanding Islam: Perspectives of a Turkish Educator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunel, Elvan

    2008-01-01

    Students come from many different family, cultural, and religious backgrounds. Learning about Islam can help U.S. teachers to understand their students and their own society, as well as to more deeply comprehend history and better interpret current events. In this article, the author recommends some websites (and occasionally books) that can…

  20. Investigation of Primary Students' Motivation Levels towards Science Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevinc, Betul; Ozmen, Haluk; Yigit, Nevzat

    2011-01-01

    The present research was conducted with 518 students enrolled at the 6th, 7th and 8th classes of primary schools. A likert-type scale developed by Tuan, Chin and Shieh (2005) and translated into Turkish by Yilmaz and Cavas (2007) was used to examine the motivation levels of students towards science learning. Research findings revealed that gender,…

  1. Sports injuries in students aged 12-18 during physical education classes in Israel

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    Coleman R

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available A retrospective study was made of sports injuries occurring in physical education classes in 51 junior and senior high schools in Israel during a period of 14 months (2000-2002. The survey covered a total population of 11439 students aged 12 to 18, 52% male, 48% female. The aim of the study was to assess the incidence, types and risk factors involving sports injuries among students in physical education classes. Physical education teachers were asked to complete questionnaires recording injuries that occurred during their lessons. Data included: socio-demographic parameters (gender, age, height and weight of the injured students, area and type of injury, time of injury during the class, type of sport activity, previous injuries, assessment of sport capabilities and performance. A total of 192 injuries were recorded in the survey (1.70%. Male and female students had fairly similar injury rates (49% female, 51% male. 12-14 year old students showed the greatest number of injuries (52%. The ankle was the most common site of injury in both genders (48% mostly involving ankle sprain. Athletics was the most common sport involving injury (38%. 45% of injuries were reported to occur in the start of the class, whereas 26% of injuries were repeat injuries. This survey showed that the incidence of injuries during supervised physical education classes in high schools in Israel is relatively low and is similar to that of other Western countries.

  2. Survey of occupational therapy students' attitudes towards sexual issues in clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Mairwen K; Weerakoon, Patricia; Pynor, Rosemary A

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the level of comfort of 340 occupational therapy students during clinical interactions that have sexual implications. Participants completed the Comfort Scale Questionnaire to indicate their anticipated level of comfort. More than half of the students anticipated that they would not feel comfortable in dealing with sexual issues. The three items that students indicated as being most uncomfortable with were 'Walking in on a patient/client who is masturbating' (91.7%), 'Dealing with a patient/client who makes an overt sexual remark' (82.1%) and 'Dealing with a patient/client who makes a covert sexual remark' (77.2%). The three items which students felt relatively comfortable with were 'Homosexual male' (26.4%), '14-year-old female seeking contraception' (26.4%) and 'Handicapped individual who is inquiring about sexual options' (33.5%). At least half the senior students believed that their educational programme had not dealt adequately with sexual issues. Further research investigating the nature and origin of discomfort in clinical settings is recommended as well as research examining the effectiveness of sexuality education in increasing comfort in dealing with sexual issues in clinical settings. PMID:16136867

  3. Cardiovascular Risk Assesment at the Personnel of Turkish Armed Forces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Aparci

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM: In this study we aimed to evaluate the cardiovascular risk profile of Turkish Armed Forces (TSK personnel and also to determine the ones at high risk. METHOD: Totally, 1311 individuals were participated in a questionnaire. Smoking, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, family history, physical activity, previous cardiovascular disease or symptoms were interrogated. Of the 249 individuals with ?2 risk factors or even not exist risk factors but having active cardiac complaint; 176 volunteers (%71 were performed physical examination, ECG, echocardiography, and biochemical tests (fasting glucose, lipid profiles etc and the ones with high risk (n=14 were performed exercise stress test. Statistical analysis was performed by Chi-Square test, Fisher?s exact test and Student t test using SPSS 11.0 for Windows. RESULTS: Of 1311 subjects (age 32.6 ± 6.7, %98.7 male, 24.3 % had no risk factors. Rate of Smoking, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, family history, overweight (BMI>25 kg/m2, and inactivity were 43.0%, 5.2%, 2.7%, 17.5%, 28.8%, 20.8% and 20%, respectively. Rate of overweight, inactivitiy, and typical chest discomfort were significantly increased with age (p<0.001. Smoking was similar in all age groups. While the the ten year-Framingham risk score was %1.6 before 40 years old, it was significantly increased then. Of 176 subjects, when rated general poll population, cardiovascular diseases rate was 2.7% (coronary 0.6%, valvular 1.1%, rhytm-conductance 0.8%, and other -congenital, peripheral vascular etc. 0.2% compared to whole group. 22 patient had left ventricular hypertrophy due to valvular diseases or hypertension. Newly diagnosed 15 patients were started on medication, and three subjects referred advanced medical center. CONLUSION: Risk stratification and modification gain importance for an earlier diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases worldwide. Similar society based projects could also reduce the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease in our country. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2009; 8(5.000: 373-380

  4. Radiation-chemical decomposition of Turkish lignites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The radiation-chemistry of coals has the relevant value for developing of nontraditional technology of their processing and revealing of the role of irradiation in the metamorphism of fossil fuels. In the literature there are sparse data about radiation-chemical transformations of coals from fields of Russia, USA, Japan, Germany, etc. However, the radiation-chemistry of young coals (lignites) from fields of Turkey was not studied. In this report the results of the investigation the regularities of formation of gas products H2, hydrocarbon C1 -C4 at the radiation-chemical decomposing of 5 types of Turkish lignites are adduced: 1. Karaman Ermenek -cleaned, 2. Karaman Ermenek -original, 3. Nevsehir -original, 4. Slopi -original, 5. Trakya mixed -cleaned. The researches were conducted in the interval of the absorbed dose (up to 500 kGy) gamma-radiation of isotope Co-60 and temperature (20-400oC). The influencing of the preliminary gamma-irradiation on regularity of a thermal decomposition irradiated lignites is established also. It was established, that in the studied interval of absorbed dose the accumulation of gas products descends linearly. The radiation-chemical yields of gas products are: G1 (H2) =0.027, G1(CH4) =0.0005, G2(H2) =0.019, G2(CH4) =0.0011, G3(H2) =0,021, G3(CH4) 0.0027, G3(C2H6)=0.002, G4(H2) =0.065, G4 (CH4) =0.0020, G4 (C2H4) =0.0008, G4(C2H6)=0.0007, G4 (C3)=0.0011, G4(C4)=0.0005, G4 (C5) =0.0005, G5 (H2) =0,015, G5(CH4) = 0.0006 molecule/100 eV. Such yields of hydrogen and hydrocarbon gases were earlier observed for brown coals of the Siberian fields. As a difference of Siberian coals the formation of carbon monoxide in the studied interval of the absorbed dose at the room temperature are not identified. The preliminary irradiation of lignites lead to destructive and polycondensation processes (on dependence of adsorbed dose), that are reflected at their subsequent thermal decomposition. The mechanism of radiation-chemical processes in the lignites are discussed

  5. “PHONETIC AND SEMANTIC REMAINS OF ORIGINAL LONG VOWELS IN AZERBAIJAN TURKISH”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elza SEMEDL?

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is about original long vowels and their phonetic and semantic remains in Azerbaijani language and dialects. As is known long vowels have been preserved in a systematic manner in the Turkmen, Yakut and Khalach dialects. In this article words which are thought to be original long vowels in Azerbaijan Turkish are compared with Turkman Turkish. The scientists` opinions about long vowels in Azerbaijan Turkish also will be analyzed. The main aim is to present that along with primary long vowels, occlusive- unvoiced consonants p, ç, t, k have systematically been preserved in Yakut and Turkmen dialects but have mostly been sonorised in Azerbaijan Turkish. In addition, sonorisation and consonant derivation in a few examples in Azerbaijan Turkish have been compared with other Turkish dialects.

  6. Do Turkish Companies and German Companies in Germany Differ in Terms of Financial Performance?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhan Aydin

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Turkish immigrants have always been an important dynamic for the social and business life in Germany sinceOctober 1961, “Agreement for Sending the Turkish Workers to Germany”. They have then started to becomeimportant players as entrepreneurs in the economy after 1990s. This study aims to analyze performance ofTurkish and German companies in production and service industries operating in Germany by using financialanalysis methodology, and it aims to compare the results. Using 2007 financial data, the empirical results showthat Turkish firms in both industries take more liquidity risk than their German counterparts while they are usingless leverage in order to finance their investments. Moreover, Turkish companies have less profitability thanGerman companies with the effect of high cost of debt. Especially in service industry, Turkish firms have lowlevel of return for a unit of risk and low level of output for a unit of input.

  7. Valley of the Wolves as Representative of Turkish Popular Attitudes toward Iraq

    OpenAIRE

    Al-rawi, A. K.

    2009-01-01

    Abstract In 2006, the Turkish film, Valley of the Wolves (Kurtlar Vadisi-Irak) (Serdar Akar, 2006), was released to audiences in Turkey and Europe. Costing $10 million, it was the most costly production in the history of Turkish cinema, breaking all box office records in the country. A fantastical account of a Turkish victory over a fictional US invasion of the country, Valley of the Wolves has been interpreted as a reaction to the ‘Sack Incident’ (‘çuval olay?’) of July 2003, in...

  8. REVIEW OF THE NEW APPROACHES AND PROBLEMS OF THE TURKISH TEACHER EDUCATION SYSTEM

    OpenAIRE

    Usun, Salih

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this descriptive study is to review of the new approaches and problems of the Turkish teachereducation system and to present some suggestions to solve the mentioned problems.The study, firstly, introduces the currentTurkish teacher education system with some certificate programs and projects; explains the new approaches such as theprocess of standards and accreditation and the restructuring of Turkish teacher training system and using of instructionaltechnologies in teacher trainin...

  9. Grammar Education Within The Framework Of Opin?ons Of Turkish Language Teacher Candidates

    OpenAIRE

    Kilic?, Mu?zahir; Akc?ay, Ahmet

    2011-01-01

    Turkish language curriculum consists of five teaching fields as speaking, writing, reading, listening and grammar. Grammar takes % 15 percentage of this curriculum in each grade level. In this qualitative study, the grammar teaching field is examined within the framework of opinions ofTurkish language teacher candidates. Semi-structured interview form is used as a data collection tool. 30 Turkish language teacher candidates constitute the sample group of the study. Descriptive analysis is use...

  10. The Corporate Social Responsibility Practice in the Turkish Automotive Distribution Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Kucuk Yilmaz, Ayse

    2009-01-01

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has become an important subject for business. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is newly emerged concept for Turkish companies. This paper is investigated the current status of CSR efforts in the Turkish automotive distribution companies. Sabanci Holding, Dogus Group and Koç Group are selected as the top three best CSR practice cases for Turkish automotive distributor companies. Sabanci Holding, Do?u? Group and Koç Group have improved pr...

  11. Potential impacts of a Turkish EU-membership on agri-food markets

    OpenAIRE

    Salamon, P.; Leeuwen, M.G.A., van; Tabeau, A.; Koc, A.; Boluk, G.; Fellmann, T.

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines possible impacts of a Turkish accession to the EU on the agricultural markets in Turkey and the EU. AGMEMOD, an econometric, dynamic, multi-market, partial equilibrium economic model for EU agriculture at Member State level, has been extended with a model for the Turkish agricultural sector and afterwards applied to gain quantitative insights into Turkish accession effects. To establish a model for Turkey, the implementation of the model equations required parameter estima...

  12. Immigration, integration and the labour market: Turkish immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands

    OpenAIRE

    Euwals, Rob; Dagevos, Jaco; Gijsberts, Me?rove; Roodenburg, Hans

    2007-01-01

    On the basis of three micro datasets, the German Socio-Economic Panel 2002, the Dutch Social Position and Use of Provision Survey 2002 and the Dutch Labour Force Survey 2002, we investigate the labour market position of Turkish immigrants in Germany and the Netherlands. We compare labour market outcomes of Turkish immigrants, including both the first and second generation, and natives in both countries by using the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition method. We find that Turkish immigrants have lowe...

  13. Firm Size and Capital Structure Decisions: Evidence From Turkish Lodging Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Erdinc Karadeniz; Serkan Y?lmaz Kand?r; Omer Iskenderoglu; Y?ld?r?m Beyazit Onal

    2011-01-01

    Aim of this study is to investigate the role of firm size on capital structure decisions of Turkish lodging companies. In this context, a survey questionnaire is developed and sent to unquoted Turkish lodging companies. 163 lodging companies answered the survey and they are classified according to their sizes. Empirical findings reveal that firm size is a significant factor for capital structure decisions of Turkish lodging companies. Firm size seems to affect lodging companies in using incen...

  14. Turkish adaptation of the physical education trait anxiety scale: The validity and reliability study

    OpenAIRE

    Yaprak Kalemo?lu Varol

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to adapt the Physical Education Trait Anxiety Scale developed by Barkoukis, Rodafinos, Koidou and Tsorbatzoudis (2012) in Turkish. Being in English originally, this scale consists of 18 items and 3 dimensions. First of all, the original scale was translated into Turkish for adaptation study. It was aimed to determine whether the Turkish form and English form had the same meaning in the practice, the original and then the translated form of the scale were applied two w...

  15. THE EVALUATION OF SOME PHYSICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CAHARACTERISTICS OF TURKISH AND FOREIGN NATIONAL BADMINTON TEAM PLAYERS

    OpenAIRE

    Revan, Serkan; Aydog?mus?, Mert; Balci, S?u?kru? Serdar; Pepe, Hamdi; Erog?lu, Hu?seyin

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate of some physical and physiological characteristics of Turkish and Foreign National Badminton Team Players.The study was participated by 50 players from Turkish team (12 males and 11 females), from foreign team (13 females and 14 males). Body mass index, audio and visual reaction times, anaerobic power, body fat percentage and somatotype components of the participants were determined.While visual right hand reaction times of Turkish Male Badminton Players ...

  16. MENSTRUAL STATUS DIFFERENCES OF ELITE TURKISH FEMALE ATHLETES FROM VARIOUS TEAM SPORTS

    OpenAIRE

    Gülfem ERSÖZ; Filiz ÇOLAKO?LU; Selma KARACAN

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the menstrual status of elite Turkish female athletes from different team sports. The study universe was composed of elite female athletes playing in basketball, soccer, field hockey and handball teams in the Turkish Premier League and Turkish Super League. The study sample consisted of 133 randomly-selected female athletes playing in soccer (n=33), basketball (n=29), handball (n=27) and field hockey (n= 44) teams competing in these leagues. An 37-item que...

  17. Immigration Law and Policy: the EU acquis and its impact on the Turkish legal order

    OpenAIRE

    Ertuna Lagrand, T.

    2010-01-01

    This book is a comparative study aimed at answering the question ‘to what extent are Turkish laws and practices in compliance with the European Union immigration acquis and what the consequences of alignment thereto will be on the Turkish legal system.’ The study highlights the aspects of the Turkish foreigners law and policy which are not in compliance with the EU acquis on legal migration, and recommends how these inconsistencies may be overcome in order for Turkey to be ready for EU me...

  18. Opinions of Upper Elementary Students about a "Good Teacher" (Case Study in Turkey).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aksoy, Naciye

    This study examined the opinions of 170 Turkish elementary students in grades 6-8 about what makes a good teacher. Students completed surveys that asked about how they would describe a good teacher, what a teacher should do to be good, and what they would do and would not do if they were good teachers. Questions were open-ended to elicit student…

  19. Yabanc?lara Türkçe Ö?retiminde Ders Malzemelerinin Önemi ve ??levsel Ders Malzemelerinin Nitelikleri The Importance Of Teaching Materials In Turkish Language Teaching And The Required Qualifications Of These Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cihan ÖZDEM?R

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available It won’t be an exaggeration to think that teaching materials arevery prominent means in teaching Turkish to foreigners. In fact, thecourse materials serve as a basis for the language data which thestudents need to learn and also the language studies which must beapplied in the classroom. When we look at the matter from the foreignstudents’ perspectives who study Turkish language abroad, besideteachers, the teaching/learning materials are very important source fortheir language study. We can see these materials in various forms:Textbooks, workbooks, reading books, homework papers, audio-visualor computer-based materials and so on. In addition, the resourceswhich are not designed for use of Turkish language teaching, such asmagazines, newspapers and TV programs, can also play a key role inthe curriculum.According to some researchers, the course materials designed forcommercial purposes reduce the teaching ability of language teachersand make them not to respond to the needs of their students. . Inaddition, the materials which contain an artificial language may bemisleading the students. On the other hand, according to somelinguists, the course materials can play a positive role in languageteaching. For example, they can be useful in the professionaldevelopment of teachers and encourage students to developautonomous learning strategies.These discussions and the increase of course materials show thatthe problem is not whether the teachers should use of languageteaching materials prepared for commercial purposes or not. The realproblem is what structure or qualities these materials should have.In this article, we will attempt to study the role of teachingmaterials in teaching Turkish to foreigners. The article consists of twoparts: We will look at approaches to using of teaching materials, andexamine two opposite points of view in the first part. The requiredqualifications of the course materials which are used in teachingTurkish and are improved the learning environment in the classroomwill be discussed in the second part.

  20. Prevalence and factors associated with smoking among form four students in Petaling District, Selangor, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, K H; Sumarni, M G; Kee, C C; Christopher, V M; Noruiza Hana, M; Lim, K K; Amal, N M

    2010-12-01

    A cross-sectional study was conducted among form four students of secondary schools in the District of Petaling, Selangor, Malaysia from February 2008 to June 2008 with the aim of quantifying the prevalence of smoking and identifying the psychosocial factors related to smoking among adolescents in this district. A two-stage stratified sampling strategy was used to obtain a sample of 1300 students based on an estimated prevalence of 10%. The response rate was 80.5% (1045 out of 1298 students). Results showed that prevalence of smoking was higher among male students (22.3%) compared to females (5.5%) and the median age at smoking initiation was lower among males compared to female smokers (14 years old vs 15 years old). Modifiable risk factors associated with smoking were "percentage of friends who smoke" (OR 2.94, 95% CI [1.71- 5.06]) and "having a brother who smokes" (OR 1.97, 95% CI [1.20-3.31]). There was also a correlation between smoking prevalence and the number of risk factors present. Intensification of health education and anti-smoking programmes and modification of external factors in early adolescence are recommended to prevent smoking initiation. PMID:21399579