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1

Physical activity levels and patterns of 11-14 year-old Turkish adolescents.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study examined age and gender differences in physical activity levels and various physical activity patterns of 11-14-year-old Turkish adolescents and also determined if these differ between genders. Six hundred and fifty girls and 666 boys between the ages of 11 and 14 years constituted the sample of this study. Participants self-reported physical activity levels and patterns were determined by a Weekly Activity Checklist. A 2 x 4 (Gender x Age) MANOVA revealed overall significant main effect of gender and age on the physical activity level of adolescents; however, gender x age interaction effect was not significant. The findings indicated an interaction effect was not significant. The findings indicated an age-related decline in physical activity level, an increase in participation in low activities, and a decrease in participation in moderate and vigorous activities in 11-14-year-old Turkish adolescents. In addition it was found that boys were more active than girls and participated more in moderate and vigorous activities.

Kin-Isler A; Asci FH; Altintas A; Guven-Karahan B

2009-01-01

2

Prevalence of Obesity among 11-14 Years Old Students in Sivas-Turkey  

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Full Text Available This study was performed to find out the prevalence of obesity among 11-14 years old children in Sivas province. BMI values higher than 95 percentile were accepted as being obese and those in between 85-94 percentile are accepted as overweight. Of the 2701 students; 3.1% were found obese, while 7.5% were overweight, and 7.6 were underweight according to their BMI values. Underweight children among the age of 14 yrs old children was significantly higher than the others. Obesity among boys were significantly higher than in girls. Prevalence of obesity was found higher in the children of high-income families and among children who gobbling. Underweight subjects were significantly higher among children who don`t dine regularly and those who eat once a day. In conclusion; prevalence of obesity among children in Sivas is not high yet, and undernutrition seems to be a more serious problem than obesity.

Gulay Kocoglu; Levent Ozdemir; Haldun Sumer; Haldun Sumer; Selma Cetinkaya; H. Huseyin Polat

2003-01-01

3

Development of a Sex Education Programme for 12-Year-Old to 14-Year-Old Turkish Adolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous research has documented a need for the development of a sex education programme in Turkish schools in terms of adolescence readiness and the presence of misconceptions regarding critical aspects of sexual issues. Currently no school-based sex education is available for Turkish adolescents. This paper presents the development of a…

Cok, Figen; Gray, Lizbeth Ann

2007-01-01

4

Heart Health...Your Choice. 11-14 Year Olds.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this illustrated booklet is to teach 11-14 year old students that all healthy Americans, 2 years of age or older, should eat in a way that is low in saturated fat and cholesterol to help reduce the risk of heart disease. The guide is designed to promote changes in eating patterns, to show children how to switch to good eating…

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Inst. (DHHS/NIH), Bethesda, MD.

5

Enterobius vermicularis in a 14-year-old girl's eye.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We report an unusual case of extraintestinal infection with adult Enterobius vermicularis worms in the nares and ocular orbit of a 14-year-old girl in Illinois. Only one other similar case has been reported in the English-language literature.

Babady NE; Awender E; Geller R; Miller T; Scheetz G; Arguello H; Weisenberg SA; Pritt B

2011-12-01

6

Enterobius vermicularis in a 14-year-old girl's eye.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report an unusual case of extraintestinal infection with adult Enterobius vermicularis worms in the nares and ocular orbit of a 14-year-old girl in Illinois. Only one other similar case has been reported in the English-language literature. PMID:21956983

Babady, N Esther; Awender, Erich; Geller, Robert; Miller, Terry; Scheetz, Gayle; Arguello, Heather; Weisenberg, Scott A; Pritt, Bobbi

2011-09-28

7

Enterobius vermicularis in a 14-Year-Old Girl's Eye ?  

Science.gov (United States)

We report an unusual case of extraintestinal infection with adult Enterobius vermicularis worms in the nares and ocular orbit of a 14-year-old girl in Illinois. Only one other similar case has been reported in the English-language literature.

Babady, N. Esther; Awender, Erich; Geller, Robert; Miller, Terry; Scheetz, Gayle; Arguello, Heather; Weisenberg, Scott A.; Pritt, Bobbi

2011-01-01

8

[Genital tuberculosis in a 14-year-old girl  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The authors report the case of a 14 year-old girl presenting with pulmonary, adrenal and genital tuberculosis. Pelvic pain was the presenting symptom. Association of familial contamination, phlyctenular Mantoux test, apex infiltrate with a calcified nodule on chest x-ray film and numerous pelvic calcifications on plain films of the abdomen led to diagnosis. The authors emphasize the importance of the supervision of Mantoux test and the necessity of treatment of any latent primary tuberculosis.

Blanc P; Delacourt C; Le Bourgeois M; De Blic J; Barral V; Scheinmann P

1987-04-01

9

COMPLETE DIPHALLUS IN A 14 YEARS OLD BOY  

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Full Text Available We herein present an unusual case of 14-year old boy with complete diphallus and bifid scrotum. He was not aware of his extragenital abnormality until he was examined by a surgeon before circumsion. At operation, the hypoplastic penis was resected and a single scrotum was constructed by removing the band of skin separating the compartments. The rugose skin was then joined, giving scrotal continuity.

Abdulkadir Tepeler; Mert Ali Karada?; Ünsal Özkuvanc?; Erhan Sar?; Yalç?n Berbero?lu; Ahmet Yaser Müslümano?lu

2007-01-01

10

Risk Factors of Cancer in Children Under 14 Years old  

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Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Recognition of the risk factors of childhood cancer has been important. However, there is little identification about these risk factors. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors of cancer in children under14 years old.Methods: The present study has been a case-control study of 14-year-old children. 98 childhood cancer cases and 100 controls were matched on age and sex. Data were collected using a questionnaire with some of the known and suspected risk factors of cancer via the parent, and were analyzed with two independent samples t–tests, chi–square and logistic regression models.Results: In this study, low- educational status in mothers and fathers increased risk of childhood cancer (p<0.05). Children lived in low-income families (500000-1500000 Rails per month), and had a significantly higher risk of cancer (Odds ratios=3.08; 95% CI=4-6.00). Fathers smoking during pregnancy (odds ratio=3.00) and living near high voltage power lines (Odds ratios=1.5) were significantly related to an increased risk of cancer in children. In addition, there was a higher risk of cancer particularly among heavy ( 11 cigarettes per days) smokers (odds ratio= 2.7). Conclusions: The results of this study indicated that some risk factors such as living conditions, smoking fathers during pregnancy, parental educational level and financial status were associated with the risk of childhood cancer. Therefore, public health should aim at improving environmental and familial socioeconomic status for all children; efforts should be concentrated on planning preventive and educational campaigns.

Edraki M; Rambod M

2012-01-01

11

Study of weight, height, body mass index, energy and nutrients intake of 11-14 years old girls, Tehran  

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A descriptive, analytical cross-sectional syudy was conducted in 1996 on 350 female students 11-14 years old in the center of Tehran, Iran. The general objective was determining energy and nutrient intakes and weight, height and BMI (Body Mass Index) of the girls, using anthropometric measurements, ...

Sadeqipoor H; Jazaeri A; Nikbin H; Eshraqian M

12

Prevalence of Allergic Rhinitis in 13-14 Year Old School Children in Hamedan  

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Full Text Available Objective: Allergic Rhinitis (AR) is an inflammatory disorder of the nasal mucosa characterized by nasal congestion, rhinorrhea and itching and often accompanied by sneezing and conjunctival irritation. Two prerequisites for the expression of AR are sensitivity to an allergen and its presence in the environment. Recognition of allergens and removal and avoidance of them can decrease the prevalence of AR. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of AR in Hamedan, Iran, and recognition of effective factors involved in expression of AR.Methods: The study was undertaken between October 2005 and June 2006 among 13- to 14-year-old children in middle-schools of Hamedan. Data were collected using the standardized ISAAC written questionnaire for prevalence of AR and another questionnaire for effective factors on AR including gender, season of expression of AR, smoking parents, keeping pets and birds, apartment plants, breast milking and family size. In the second phase the students with AR were examined for signs of AR.Findings: A total of 1600 (900 girls and 700 boys) children participated in the study. 17.7% of the children had symptoms of allergic rhinitis sometime in their life. There was no significant difference between prevalence of AR between boys and girls (18.6% in the boys and 17% in the girls) (P>0.05). 37.2% of the cases were perennial and 62.8% of them were seasonal or mixed type. AR was more prevalent in spring (21%). The prevalence of the disease between students with smoking parents and non smoking parents were 30.6% and 11.2% respectively (P0.05). The most common signs of AR were allergic shiners (54%) and clear and dilute nasal secretion (51%).Conclusion: Compared with previous studies conducted in other Iranian cities using similar method, the prevalence of allergic rhinitis was lower in Hamedan. The prevalence of AR may be reduced with avoidance of smoking and removal of pets.

Mojgan Safari; Mohsen Jari

2008-01-01

13

Cervical ankylosis following Grisel's syndrome in a 14-year-old boy with infectious mononucleosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation (Grisel's syndrome) is an uncommon complication of neck space infection or otolaryngologic procedures. It most frequently affects children, although it may occur in adults. We present a 14-year-old boy with Grisel's syndrome as a complication of infectious mononucleosis proceeding to cervical ankylosis. (orig.)

2005-01-01

14

Adenomatoid odontogenic tumour in mandible in a 14-year-old boy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A 14-year-old boy reported with a painless swelling over the right anterior mandible with missing right canine tooth. The lesion was diagnosed as 'central follicular adenomatoid odontogenic tumour' and excised surgically under general anaesthesia. The patient was on a year-long clinical and radiographical follow-up.

Bhatt R; Dave J; Nalawade TM; Mallikarjuna R

2013-01-01

15

Ethmoidal osteoid osteoma with orbital extension in a 14 years old boy  

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Full Text Available Osteoid osteomas are small, benign osteoblastic lesions. Ethmoid bone osteoma has been very rarely reported. We report a rare case of osteoma of ethmoid sinus with orbital extension, in a 14-year-old boy. Excision of the tumor was conducted via external ethmoidectomy approach. Post-operative period was uneventful.

Rupa Maharjan; Prakash Adhikari; Bibhu Pradhan; NarmayaThapa

2012-01-01

16

Primary hyperaldosteronism due to an adrenal adenoma in a 14-year-old boy.  

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Conn's syndrome due to an adrenal adenoma is very rare in children. This paper reports a 14-year-old boy with primary hyperaldosteronism due to an adrenal adenoma. His biochemistry data were compatible with either bilateral adrenal hyperplasia or an adrenal adenoma. A dexamethasone test did not supp...

Rodriguez-Arnao, J.; Perry, L.; Dacie, J. E.; Reznek, R.; Ross, R. J.

17

[Atypical picture of osteosarcoma situated in fibula of a 14-year-old boy].  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents the case of osteogenic sarcoma, situated in fibula of 14-year-old boy. The X-ray picture of this tumor was typical of unicameral cyst, but histopathological examination showed traits of osteosarcoma. Only magnetic resonance suggested the presence of malignant neoplasm. PMID:10731997

Go?ebiewski, J; Korzon, M; Kolarz, K; Popadiuk, S; Plata-Nazar, K

1998-01-01

18

Cimetidine-induced psychosis in a 14-year-old girl.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A 14-year-old girl presented with hallucinations and bizarre behaviour 3 days following the institution of cimetidine therapy for acute gastritis. She had no history of drug abuse or psychiatric disorders, and physical examination and laboratory investigations yielded no abnormalities. Within 24 hours after cimetidine therapy was discontinued her behaviour returned to normal and the hallucinations stopped.

Papp KA; Curtis RM

1984-11-01

19

Malignant hypertension and paraganglioma in a 14-year-old girl.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A 14-year-old girl presented with malignant hypertension. Physical examination and abdominal computerized tomography revealed a paraaortic mass. Urinary catecholamines, serum renin, and aldesterone levels were high. The mass was totally excised and a paraganglioma of the organ of Zuckerkandl was confirmed. The hypertension resolved after surgery.

Andiran N; Köseo?lu V; Andiran F; Büyükpamukçu N; Kutluk T; Büyükpamukçu M

1999-01-01

20

Cimetidine-induced psychosis in a 14-year-old girl.  

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A 14-year-old girl presented with hallucinations and bizarre behaviour 3 days following the institution of cimetidine therapy for acute gastritis. She had no history of drug abuse or psychiatric disorders, and physical examination and laboratory investigations yielded no abnormalities. Within 24 hou...

Papp, K A; Curtis, R M

 
 
 
 
21

Adenomatoid odontogenic tumour in mandible in a 14-year-old boy.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 14-year-old boy reported with a painless swelling over the right anterior mandible with missing right canine tooth. The lesion was diagnosed as 'central follicular adenomatoid odontogenic tumour' and excised surgically under general anaesthesia. The patient was on a year-long clinical and radiographical follow-up. PMID:23839612

Bhatt, Rohan; Dave, Jay; Nalawade, Triveni M; Mallikarjuna, Rachappa

2013-07-08

22

Cystinuria crystals: an image from a 14-year-old girl with cystinuria.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The image we present demonstrates the classic hexagonal crystals that are diagnostic of cysteine crystals in a 14-year-old girl with cystinuria. These crystals developed on her stent within a 2-week period after treatment of her stone. The image illustrates the importance of urine microscopy and basic urologic knowledge.

Lee F; Su R; Lendvay T

2013-04-01

23

Intracortical osteosarcoma of the tibia in a 14-year-old girl.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intracortical osteosarcoma is the rarest form of osteosarcoma. The lesion is histologically characterized as a sclerosing variant of osteosarcoma. In this study, a new case of pathologically proven tibia intracortical osteosarcoma in a 14-year-old girl is presented. Imaging findings on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are discussed. The role of computed tomography-guided biopsy is emphasized. PMID:21304410

Chourmouzi, Danai; Potsi, Stamatia; Drevelegas, Antonios

2011-07-01

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Intracortical osteosarcoma of the tibia in a 14-year-old girl.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Intracortical osteosarcoma is the rarest form of osteosarcoma. The lesion is histologically characterized as a sclerosing variant of osteosarcoma. In this study, a new case of pathologically proven tibia intracortical osteosarcoma in a 14-year-old girl is presented. Imaging findings on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are discussed. The role of computed tomography-guided biopsy is emphasized.

Chourmouzi D; Potsi S; Drevelegas A

2011-07-01

25

RESPIRATORY PARAMETERS EFFICIENCY IN SPORTS RESULTS AMONG 14-YEAR OLD MALE AND FEMALE SWIMMERS  

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Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to test fitness levels of chosen parameters in the respiratory system in comparison to sports results in a group of 100m medley 14-year old male and female swimmers. The main measurement method was based on immediate observation of the following variables: a) The fitness level of particular parameters in the respiratory system, b) The level of swimming fitness. Based on the detailed analysis of the chosen respiratory parameter levels among 14-year old male and female swimmers in relation to their sports result in 100m medley distance, the following general statements have been formulated: the average levels of the chosen respiratory parameters estimated, in most of the cases, above average, especially among female swimmers.

Dybinska Ewa; Kucia-Czyszczon Katarzyna; Kaca Marcin; Staron Michal; Chodinow Wladimir

2012-01-01

26

Maturity-related differences in physical activity among 13- to 14-year-old adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

The age-related decline in physical activity during adolescence is well documented; however, little is known about differences in physical activity among early, average, and late maturing adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between maturity status and physical activity among 167 adolescents who were 13-14 years old. The maturity offset was derived and biological maturity groups were created. Habitual physical activity was determined with a pedometer over a 7-day period. No significant maturity-group differences were found for physical activity. The results of this study did not demonstrate significant differences in physical activity as determined by a pedometer among early, average, and late maturing 13- to 14-year-olds. PMID:18089906

Wickel, Eric E; Eisenmann, Joey C

2007-11-01

27

Maturity-related differences in physical activity among 13- to 14-year-old adolescents.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The age-related decline in physical activity during adolescence is well documented; however, little is known about differences in physical activity among early, average, and late maturing adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between maturity status and physical activity among 167 adolescents who were 13-14 years old. The maturity offset was derived and biological maturity groups were created. Habitual physical activity was determined with a pedometer over a 7-day period. No significant maturity-group differences were found for physical activity. The results of this study did not demonstrate significant differences in physical activity as determined by a pedometer among early, average, and late maturing 13- to 14-year-olds.

Wickel EE; Eisenmann JC

2007-11-01

28

Benign mucous membrane pemphigoid presenting as desquamative gingivitis in a 14-year-old child.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A 14-year-old girl presented with painful, erythematous gingivae, which occasionally developed blisters. There were no other mucosal or skin lesions. Clinical, histopathological and immunofluorescence studies suggested a diagnosis of benign mucous membrane (cicatricial) pemphigoid, presenting as desquamative gingivitis. Benign mucous membrane pemphigoid in childhood is rare and only a few cases with exclusive oral mucosal involvement have been reported in the literature. The desquamative gingivitis responded well to a topical steroid regimen.

Roche C; Field EA

1997-03-01

29

Benign mucous membrane pemphigoid presenting as desquamative gingivitis in a 14-year-old child.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 14-year-old girl presented with painful, erythematous gingivae, which occasionally developed blisters. There were no other mucosal or skin lesions. Clinical, histopathological and immunofluorescence studies suggested a diagnosis of benign mucous membrane (cicatricial) pemphigoid, presenting as desquamative gingivitis. Benign mucous membrane pemphigoid in childhood is rare and only a few cases with exclusive oral mucosal involvement have been reported in the literature. The desquamative gingivitis responded well to a topical steroid regimen. PMID:9524469

Roche, C; Field, E A

1997-03-01

30

Influence of anthropometric characteristics on speed abilities of 14 years old elite male basketball players  

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Full Text Available The aims of this study were: a) to identify anthropometric characteristics and speed abilities of 14 year old elitemale basketball players b) to investigate relations between these two qualities.At the sample of total of 50 young basketball players, 14 years old, 11 anthropometric (predictors) variableswere measured: four longitudinal measures, two transversal measures, body mass, four circumferences, sixskinfolds and 2 derived variables: body mass index (BMI), and sum of skinfolds (SUM SKF). Also, they didthree speed tests (dependent variables): run 20m, run 30m, and run 50m. For the assessment of influence ofpredictor variables on dependent variables regressive analysis, Stepwise method, was applied. Results of threeregression analysis talk about a moderate, but significant influence of anthropometric variables on results of 20m(first step - variable lower limb length), 30m (first step - variable sitting height and second step – variable sum ofskinfolds) and 50m (first step - variable sum of skinfolds) sprint tests of 14 years old basketball players

SAŠA JAKOVLJEVI?; MILIVOJE KARALEJI?; ZORAN PAJI?; BRANKO GARDAŠEVI?; RADIVOJ MANDI?

2011-01-01

31

Immunity status against poliomyelitis in persons 13-14 years old living in Rome.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The immunity against poliomyelitis in 1000 subjects 13-14 years old was evaluated. Neutralizing antibodies against poliovirus type 1, 2 and 3 were detected in 97.6%, 95.8% and 70% of samples, respectively. 3/1000 (0.3%) subjects were simultaneously seronegative to the three types. WHO does not suggest a protective level of International Units (IU), but our data indicate that such level is 0.45 IU for polio type 1, 0.65 IU for the type 2 and 0.138 for the type 3. A booster dose of vaccine in adolescence to ensure personal and herd immunity is recommended.

Mastroeni I; Patti AM; Fabrizi A; Santi AL; Manduca AM; Vescia N; Squarcione S; Fara GM

1997-04-01

32

[Cataract--an initial symptom of diabetes mellitus in a 14-year old girl  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A 14-year-old girl presented with cataract as an initial sign of IDDM. Before the diagnosis of DM, she showed no acute symptoms, including ketoacidosis. Retrospectively, there had been faint signs of polyuria, polydipsia, and nycturia. Diabetic cataract is a rare complication in young diabetics and is usually associated with long-standing DM and poor metabolic control. Previous cases have a striking resemblance to our patient, thus suggesting that a small group of young diabetics have weak symptoms, but are nevertheless at great risk of developing diabetic complications.

Olsen EM; Krabbe S

2001-10-01

33

Deep soft-tissue leiomyoma of the popliteal fossa in a 14-year-old girl.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This is the first case report of a deep soft-tissue leiomyoma with intraarticular localization within the knee joint. A 14-year-old girl presented with a painless mass in the dorsal aspect of her knee which she had noticed some 9 months earlier. While on plain radiographs no bony lesions were visible, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed an intraarticularly located tumor with well-defined margins. Intraoperatively, the tumor was found adjacent to the posterior cruciate ligament. The final diagnosis was established immunohistologically. Although this is a very rare tumor, it has to be considered in the differential diagnosis for soft-tissue swellings of the popliteal fossa.

Schmidt-Rohlfing B; Tietze L; Siebert CH; Staatz G

2001-11-01

34

Prevalence of tooth erosion and associated factors in 11-14-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Prevalence data about tooth erosion has attracted increasing attention in the dental community; however, population-based studies that assessed the impact of demographic, socioeconomic, and dietetic predictors on tooth erosion are scarce. This investigation assessed the prevalence of this condition of a sample of 11-14-year-old schoolchildren and the etiological factors. METHOD: A cross-sectional study in a multistage random sample of 944, 11-14-year-old Brazilian schoolchildren was conducted in Santa Maria, Brazil. We recorded the prevalence and severity of tooth erosion, dental caries, and dental enamel hypoplasia. Socioeconomic and habits/dietetic data were collected by a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression model taking into account the cluster sample. RESULTS: Prevalence of tooth erosion was low (7.2%). The most affected teeth were the maxillary incisors. Labial surfaces were more often affected than palatal ones. All the erosive lesions observed were confined to the enamel. Older children [prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.71; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06-2.76] with dental enamel hypoplasia (PR = 1.98; 95% CI: 1.21-3.22) were more likely to have tooth erosion. No significant association was observed between tooth erosion, dental caries, habits and dietary patterns, and socioeconomic factors. CONCLUSION: The data suggest that tooth erosion was associated with age and presence of hypoplasia. It may indicate the need of strategies to diagnose in early stages and to minimize consequences.

Vargas-Ferreira F; Praetzel JR; Ardenghi TM

2011-01-01

35

Solid variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma in a 14-year-old girl.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Solid variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a rare, poorly characterised variant and predominantly reported in children with a history of radiation exposure. This variant has a high propensity for extra-thyroidal extension and cervical lymph node metastases. A 14-year-old Malay girl who had no history of radiation exposure, presented with multiple cervical lymphadenopathy and it was clinically suspicious for tuberculosis or lymphoma. An incisional biopsy revealed a metastatic PTC. The patient underwent total thyroidectomy with bilateral lateral neck dissection and histopathology report was solid variant of PTC. Whole-body I(131) scan was performed which revealed an intense tracer uptake in the neck. She was planned for radioactive iodine ablation and now on regular follow-up for monitoring of possible tumour metastasis.

Abdul Rahman WF; Md Hashim MN; Win TT; Bakrin IH

2013-01-01

36

[Grade III lipemia retinalis in a 14-year-old girl].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A case of grade III lipemia retinalis is reported in a 14-year-old girl presenting to the emergency department with fatigue and somnolence. Diabetic ketoacidosis diagnostic of type 1 diabetes mellitus and severe hypertriglyceridemia (23,508 mg/dL) were found on routine blood tests. The patient was admitted to the hospital, kept NPO, and intravenous insulin was started. Her symptoms rapidly improved as did the lipid panel and fundus exam. Cases of lipemia retinalis described in the literature typically occur at a blood triglyceride level above 2,000-2,500 mg/dL. A high level of chylomicrons is responsible for the milky appearance of the serum and retinal vessels. Once the blood triglyceride level decreases significantly, the fundus appearance usually returns to normal.

El Rami H; Chelala E; Kourié HR; Antoun J

2012-12-01

37

Primary hyperparathyroidism in a 14 year old girl presenting with bone deformities.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A 14 year old girl with bilateral genu valgum of 6 years duration was brought for evaluation of primary hyperparathyroidism. She had clinical features of rickets such as frontal bossing, rachitic rosary, lumbar lordosis and fixed adduction deformity of the left leg. She had undergone osteotomy earlier for correction of these deformities without benefit. Laboratory investigations showed hypercalcaemia and hypophosphataemia, with elevated alkaline phosphatase and parathyroid hormone levels. A skeletal survey showed generalized decreased density of bone and brown tumours and, coincidentally, a right renal calculus. A computerized tomography scan of the neck and thallium-technetium subtraction scan delineated an adenoma of the left superior parathyroid gland, which was surgically removed. Parathyroid adenoma manifesting with bone deformities, especially genu valgum, is very rare in children. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment is essential to prevent such deformities.

Menon PS; Madhavi N; Mukhopadhyaya S; Padhy AK; Bal CS; Sharma LK

1994-10-01

38

[Severe course of typical hemolytic-uremic syndrome in a 14-year-old boy].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The authors present a 14-year old boy with acute renal failure in the course of hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS), preceded by bloody diarrhea of unknown origin. The course of HUS was complicated with hypertensive crisis, pleural effusion. Pleural puncture was complicated with massive hemorrhage which required thoracotomy. Additional risk factor were subendocardial perfusion disorders found in MRI scan of the heart and peripheral peroneal nerve palsy (in neuro-motorical conduction examination--severe neuropathy). Renal replacement therapy was necessary for 11 days (hemodialyses--3 days, continuous hemodiafiltration--9 days). Transfusions of: 3000 mL of packed erythrocyte mass, 2700 mL of fresh frozen plasma, 1000 mL of packed platelet mass were performed. Full parenteric nutrition was needed for 11 days. Full recovery of renal function, gradual improvement of heart muscle function, regression of lung abnormalities have been obtained.

Adamczuk D; Zio?kowska H; Leszczy?ska B; Roszkowska-Blaim M

2009-04-01

39

[Severe course of typical hemolytic-uremic syndrome in a 14-year-old boy].  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors present a 14-year old boy with acute renal failure in the course of hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS), preceded by bloody diarrhea of unknown origin. The course of HUS was complicated with hypertensive crisis, pleural effusion. Pleural puncture was complicated with massive hemorrhage which required thoracotomy. Additional risk factor were subendocardial perfusion disorders found in MRI scan of the heart and peripheral peroneal nerve palsy (in neuro-motorical conduction examination--severe neuropathy). Renal replacement therapy was necessary for 11 days (hemodialyses--3 days, continuous hemodiafiltration--9 days). Transfusions of: 3000 mL of packed erythrocyte mass, 2700 mL of fresh frozen plasma, 1000 mL of packed platelet mass were performed. Full parenteric nutrition was needed for 11 days. Full recovery of renal function, gradual improvement of heart muscle function, regression of lung abnormalities have been obtained. PMID:19580203

Adamczuk, Dominika; Zio?kowska, Helena; Leszczy?ska, Beata; Roszkowska-Blaim, Maria

2009-04-01

40

School achievement in 14-year-old youths prenatally exposed to marijuana.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The relation between prenatal marijuana exposure (PME) and school achievement was evaluated in a sample of 524 14-year-olds. Women were recruited during pregnancy and assessed, along with their offspring, at multiple phases from infancy to early adulthood. The sample represents a low-income population. Half of the adolescents are male and 55% are African American. School achievement was assessed with the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT) Screener (Psychological Corporation, 1992). A significant negative relation was found between PME and 14-year WIAT composite and reading scores. The deficit in school achievement was mediated by the effects of PME on intelligence test performance at age 6, attention problems and depression symptoms at age 10, and early initiation of marijuana use. These findings suggest that the effects of PME on adolescent achievement are mediated by the earlier negative effects of PME on child characteristics. The negative impact of these characteristics on adolescent achievement may presage later problems in early adulthood.

Goldschmidt L; Richardson GA; Willford JA; Severtson SG; Day NL

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

2011-01-01

42

Bilateral myopic photorefractive keratectomy in a 14-year-old boy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Context: Refractive surgery has been performed for more than 10 years. Laser-assisted intrastromal keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) may be used in accommodative esotropia either in adolescent or in adult patients. Some authors have shown that LASIK is safe, effective, and stable at 10 years follow-up post-surgery. Case report: A 14-year-old boy was admitted to our outpatient department on 08-01-2008. Together with his parents he asked for both eyes to be operated on by myopic PRK. On September 5th 2008 a myopic PRK was performed on his right eye and on September 12th 2008 on his left eye. A Bausch & Lomb Z172 excimer laser was used to perform a Planoscan procedure on both eyes. Uncorrected visual acuity was 1.0 after both procedures. The patient did not suffer pain, haze or glare in postoperative follow-up. Conclusion: Apart from the surgical technique, the author raises questions about the ethics of this procedure in a young boy.

Italo Giuffrè

2010-01-01

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Thoracic disk herniation with paraparesis treated with transthoracic microdiskectomy in a 14-year-old girl.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Herniated thoracic intervertebral disk causing spinal cord compression with paraparesis is uncommon in adults and rare in children. This article describes a case of pediatric thoracic disk herniation with paraparesis treated surgically.A 14-year-old girl presented with a 4-month history of diffuse back pain and sudden onset paraparesis. Motor strength was 4/5 in both legs, and she had lost the ability to ambulate. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed spinal cord compression due to a herniated intervertebral disk at T5-T6. Computed tomography scan after myelogram demonstrated anterior dural sac compression at T5-T6 but no intervertebral disk calcification. She underwent transthoracic microdiskectomy. The herniated disk was removed, and the thoracic spinal cord was decompressed. No fusion was performed after microdiskectomy. The postoperative course was uncomplicated, and neurologic deficit resolved within 2 weeks postoperatively. The patient was pain free with no neurologic deficit at 24-month follow-up, and computed tomography scan showed remodeling of the T5 and T6 vertebral bodies.Most cases of thoracic disk herniation are asymptomatic. If no compression of the spinal cord exists, the natural history of the disease justifies conservative management. Although the treatment of choice is conservative, surgery is required in patients who develop progressive neurologic deficit or severe radicular pain. Transthoracic microdiskectomy without fusion is considered a treatment in similar cases.

Ueda Y; Kawahara N; Murakami H; Demura S; Tsuchiya H

2012-05-01

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[Interobserver agreement in detecting goitre in a school population between 6 and 14 years old].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: To estimate the agreement between observers on the detection of goitre by palpation in the school population because it is considered a variability test. METHODS: For five months, during 2001/2002, the presence of goitre was studied in across-section sample of 845 school children (for 6 to 14 years old) from 18 school centres in a Health Area in Valentian Community. The exploration was always carried out by the same two observers. The thyroid size was established in 6 degrees. It was considered goitre since 0B inclusive. The agreement was assessed in relation to age, sex, IBM, and the exploration date. The Kappa Index was used as a measure of agreement. RESULTS: The global prevalence of goitre was 40,4% according to the first observer and 36,8% to the second one. The agreement between observers was high, with a Kappa Index of 0.83 and it was similar in relation to sex, IBM, and the exploration date. It was smaller in the youngest children (six and seven years old) than in the oldest ones (from 12 to 14). CONCLUSIONS: An excellent interobserver agreement in clinic assessment of goitre by palpation in a school children population was achieved. The least concordance was seen in youngest group. It would be advisable to include the study of agreement in the protocol of endemic goitre study.

Peris Roig B; Merchante Alfaro AA; Tenias Burillo JM; Atienzar Herráez N; Calvo Rigual F; López García MJ

2009-03-01

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Study of weight, height, body mass index, energy and nutrients intake of 11-14 years old girls, Tehran  

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Full Text Available A descriptive, analytical cross-sectional syudy was conducted in 1996 on 350 female students 11-14 years old in the center of Tehran, Iran. The general objective was determining energy and nutrient intakes and weight, height and BMI (Body Mass Index) of the girls, using anthropometric measurements, interviews (24-hour dietary recall and food consumption frequency), and the NCHS standards. The results were as follows: 1) Based on weight for age and the Z-score, 20% of the girls suffered from mild past and present malnutrition. 2) Based on height for age and BMI, 16.6%, 12.5%, and 1.3% suffered from mild past malnutrition, severe present malnutrition and overweight, respectively. 3) The height curves were normal, as compared to the respective standards. 4) The BMI curves were quite different from the respective standards. 5) On the whole, 53.7%, 49.7%, 86.0%, 59.0%, 67.7%, 76.5% and 88.0% of the girls had low intakes of energy, vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin B12, folic acid, calcium, and iron, respectively. 6) A positive linear correlation was observed between energy intake and height, vitamin A intake and weight, zinc intake and height, and carbohydrate intake and height.

Sadeqipoor H; Jazaeri A; Nikbin H; Eshraqian M

1999-01-01

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Dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in 4-14-year-old Danish children.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Little is known about dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in children, and the aim of the present study was to investigate 4–14-year-old children's dietary patterns specifically on weekdays (Monday–Thursday) and weekend days (Saturday–Sunday). Dietary data were derived from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003–8, where a total of 784 children aged 4–14 years completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns in the age groups 4–6, 7–10 and 11–14 years. Consistently, two dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, emerged on both weekdays and weekend days. Factor scores from corresponding dietary patterns were significantly correlated between weekdays and weekend days with the exception of the ‘health conscious’ pattern in the 7–10-year-olds. Within each age group, children with high agreement for the ‘processed’ pattern had a significantly higher dietary energy density, which was reflected in significantly higher intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables, compared with children with high agreement for the ‘health conscious’ pattern (P< 0·05). Moreover, these variables indicated less healthy dietary intakes on weekend days than on weekdays for both patterns. In conclusion, two distinct dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, were identified on both weekdays and weekend days for each age group. While overall major dietary patterns may somewhat track between weekdays and weekends, the specific foods actually eaten became less healthy during weekends.

Rothausen BW; Matthiessen J; Andersen LF; Brockhoff PB; Tetens I

2013-05-01

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Dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in 4–14-year-old Danish children  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Little is known about dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in children, and the aim of the present study was to investigate 4–14-year-old children's dietary patterns specifically on weekdays (Monday–Thursday) and weekend days (Saturday–Sunday). Dietary data were derived from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003–8, where a total of 784 children aged 4–14 years completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns in the age groups 4–6, 7–10 and 11–14 years. Consistently, two dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, emerged on both weekdays and weekend days. Factor scores from corresponding dietary patterns were significantly correlated between weekdays and weekend days with the exception of the ‘health conscious’ pattern in the 7–10-year-olds. Within each age group, children with high agreement for the ‘processed’ pattern had a significantly higher dietary energy density, which was reflected insignificantly higher intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables, compared with children with high agreement for the ‘health conscious’ pattern (P < 0·05). Moreover, these variables indicated less healthy dietary intakes on weekend days than on weekdays for both patterns. In conclusion, two distinct dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, were identified on both weekdays and weekend days for each age group. While overall major dietary patterns may somewhat track between weekdays and weekends, the specific foods actually eaten became less healthy during weekends.

Rothausen, Berit Worm; Matthiessen, Jeppe

2013-01-01

48

Episodic hypersomnia and unusual behaviors in a 14-year old adolescent.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

CASE: John, a 14-year old white male of European Jewish descent without a prior history of medical or psychiatric problems, presented following several days of increased need for sleep (16-20 hours per day), disorientation, difficulty maintaining attention and concentration, bizarre behaviors. He was sexually inappropriate toward his mother, sister, and housekeeper, masturbated in public, and sang nonsense lyrics. In addition, he had brief periods of agitation, paranoia (including fear that he was being followed and that he would be hurt by the physicians), and periods of distraction by auditory and visual hallucinations. His appetite increased significantly during this time. One week prior to the onset of these symptoms, he traveled to the Midwest where he experienced several days of nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. John's physical and neurological examinations were normal except for the behaviors noted above. A medical evaluation revealed a normal brain computerized tomogram (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Urine toxicology screen, a comprehensive metabolic blood panel, and a complete blood count were normal. A lumbar puncture demonstrated a slightly elevated opening pressure (24 centimeters); the cerebrospinal fluid examination was unremarkable for cells, protein and glucose. Following the lumbar puncture, for which he had received midazolam, he had a brief, 30-45 minute episode of lucidity in which he was able to describe feeling like he was "in a fog." John was transferred to a psychiatric hospital where he recovered over several days and was discharged home. After three weeks of complete recovery, he acutely developed profound fatigue and the previously seen bizarre behaviors returned and persisted for 2 weeks. Following a 2-week period without symptoms, a similar behavior pattern recurred for the third time. The third episode differed from the first two in that he initially developed mental status changes and then developed symptoms of hypersomnolence. John has now been completely recovered from the third two week episode for one week and is taking summer school classes and enjoying socializing with his friends.

Hirst J; Mignot E; Stein MT

2010-04-01

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Anthropometric and dietary predictors of insulin sensitivity in 10- to 14-year-old boys and girls.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The high prevalence of pediatric obesity has made preventing chronic diseases through healthy lifestyle behaviours a priority within pediatrics. Examining the association between diet and insulin sensitivity (IS) in youth may provide important insights for tailoring preventative dietary interventions. The objective of this study was to explore the associations among anthropometry, diet, and IS in 10- to 14-year-olds. In this cross-sectional study, the primary outcome measure was IS, measured noninvasively using a (13)C glucose breath test. Exposure variables included body mass index (BMI) z score and several dietary variables, including glycemic index (GI), glycemic load, and fiber, magnesium, vegetable and fruit, and fat intakes, all of which were derived from a validated, Web-based 24-h recall tool. Multiple regression analyses were performed for boys and girls separately. In total, 378 students (227 girls) aged 12.1 ± 1.2 years were studied. In this sample ?24% of youth were considered overweight or obese (BMI z score = 0.41 ± 0.93). Multiple regression analyses showed that BMI z score was negatively and independently associated with (13)C insulin sensitivity score ((13)CISS) in both boys and girls (boys: ? = -0.501; girls: ? = -0.446; both p < 0.001). GI was negatively and independently related to (13)CISS in boys (? = -0.195, p < 0.05) but not in girls. Other dietary variables were not associated with IS. In addition to BMI z score, a low GI diet predicted (13)CISS in boys but not in girls. This finding suggests that interventions that reduce BMI (in both sexes) and include a low GI diet among boys may improve IS.

Forbes LE; Downs SM; Fraser SN; Majumdar SR; Ball GD; Plotnikoff RC; Wozny PD; Torrance BD; McCargar LJ; Lewanczuk RZ; McGavock JM

2013-03-01

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Relationship between Anthropometric Parameters with Menarche Age of School Girls (11-14 Years Old) in Shahroud  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Though not impeding it, malnutrition during childhood delays the menarche age. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between anthropometric parameters with menarche age of adolescent (11-14- year old) girls. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 418 middle school girls in Shahroud were randomly selected and studied. To demonstrate the participants, nutritional status, BMI was used for age, weight and stature, and then it was compared with NCHS standard. Results: It was revealed that the mean of BMI (body mass Index) of menstruated girls was 19.8±3/1 and that of the non-menstruated participants was 17.6±3. The average menarche age turned to be 12.9±0.8. A significant relationship (P<0.0001) was found between age and incidence of menstruation. 47% of the participants experienced their menses in summer. The weight and height means of the menstruated participants were 48.7±8.5 kg and 156.9±6.7 cm respectively. A significant relationship (P=0.0001) was also found between weight, height, BMI and anthropometric parameters of the students, and their menstrual conditions. Statistical analysis also showed a significant relationship between menarche status and socioeconomic condition. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate a significant relationship between nutritional status and menarche age. Due to the importance of menarche age, its decline and creation of sexual desire, and noting the important effects of BMI and anthropometric parameters on menarche age, special attention should be paid to ideal weight, proper nutrition and sufficient physical activities in this high-risk group

Mehri Delvarian-Zadeh; Ahmad Khosravi; Nahid Bolbolhaghighi; Hossein Ebrahimi

2008-01-01

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Cervical ankylosis following Grisel's syndrome in a 14-year-old boy with infectious mononucleosis  

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Non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation (Grisel's syndrome) is an uncommon complication of neck space infection or otolaryngologic procedures. It most frequently affects children, although it may occur in adults. We present a 14-year-old boy with Grisel's syndrome as a complication of infectious mononucleosis proceeding to cervical ankylosis. (orig.)

Haidar, Salwa; Armstrong, Derek [Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Toronto, Ont. (Canada); Drake, James [Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Neurosurgery, Toronto (Canada)

2005-03-01

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Acute hepatotoxicity after ingestion of Morinda citrifolia (Noni Berry) juice in a 14-year-old boy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We present a case of a 14-year-old previously healthy boy with acute hepatotoxicity after noni berry juice consumption. As the popularity of noni berry consumption continues to increase, heightened awareness of the relation between noni berry consumption and acute hepatotoxicity is important.

Yu EL; Sivagnanam M; Ellis L; Huang JS

2011-02-01

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Acute hepatotoxicity after ingestion of Morinda citrifolia (Noni Berry) juice in a 14-year-old boy.  

Science.gov (United States)

We present a case of a 14-year-old previously healthy boy with acute hepatotoxicity after noni berry juice consumption. As the popularity of noni berry consumption continues to increase, heightened awareness of the relation between noni berry consumption and acute hepatotoxicity is important. PMID:21119544

Yu, Elizabeth L; Sivagnanam, Mamata; Ellis, Linda; Huang, Jeannie S

2011-02-01

54

A 14-year-old Nigerian female with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (Pseudotumor cerebri or benign intracranial hypertension)  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A 14-year-old secondary school girl presented with acute onset severe generalized headache associated with vomiting and diplopia. These followed an initial fever, which responded to chloroquine. She had been on perflacine for a left knee septic arthritis until onset of her symptoms. The main finding...

Onwuchekwa, AC; Nwankwo, CN; Chapp-Jumbo, EN

55

LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGY PREFERENCES OF TURKISH STUDENTS  

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Full Text Available A learning style is a preferred way of acquiring knowledge and processing information. Learning styles may differ depending on gender, age, or culture. Niles (1995) in his study “Cultural Differences in Learning Motivation and Learning Strategies” studied the cultural impact on learning strategies and found considerable differences between culturally different students.Providing evidence for the relationship between culture and learning strategy preference and use, this study aims at examining the use and preference of language learning strategies of Turkish students while they are learning English.

Selma Deneme

2008-01-01

56

Caries experience in 14-year-olds from Northeast Italy. Is socioeconomic-status (SES) still a risk factor?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: Prevalence and severity of dental caries in 14-year-olds of Northeast Italy were estimated, evaluating the dependence to SES. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An epidemiological survey was performed among a randomised cluster sample of 560 (290 M and 270 F) 14-year-olds attending secondary schools, to evaluate DMFS following WHO indications. Association between caries occurrence and SES was evaluated in a logistic regression model. To account for high proportion of zero scores (DMFS and DS distribution highly positively skewed) data was moreover modelled with negative binomial regression and zero-inflated models. RESULTS: Caries prevalence was 63.4% with a mean DMFS of 3.0 ± 3.8. A significant trend between means was observed regarding DS in the different SES levels: z = 2.22 p = 0.03 (occupational level) and z = 3.45 p<0.01 when SES was based on educational level. The Negative Binomial Regression model resulted more appropriate than the Poisson model because the dispersion parameter was significantly different from zero (alpha=1.5, 95% CI=1.3-1.8). Working class status showed significant association with DMFS (p=0.04) while using DS as dependent variable, working class subjects and subjects with medium-low and low educational level, showed a statistically significant association. CONCLUSION: Socioeconomic status is still a predictor for dental decay in the Italian 14-year-olds.

Ferro R; Besostri A; Olivieri A; Stellini E; Denotti G; Campus G

2012-03-01

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A Rare Case of Solitary Epidural Brain Metastasis of Neuroepithelioma Tumor in A 14 Years Old Man  

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Full Text Available By definition, a peripheral neuroepithelioma is a primary neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) arising from peripheral, nonautonomic neural tissue. PNETs are classified into central and peripheral types. Peripheral PNETs are unusual, often highly aggressive, malignant neoplasms, rarely presenting in the head and neck. Soft tissues PNETs arise from nonautonomic nervous system. In this case, we report a 14-years-old male known case of cervical soft tissue neuroepithelioma presenting with a rare form of metastatic disease as extra axial, epidural metastasis to the brain. On histochemichal analysis of this solitary metastasis, as well as original tumor specimens, markers consistent with PNET tumors were identified.

R. Barikbin; A. Adibi; k. Mougouei; M. Farghadani

2008-01-01

58

Smoking determinants in Turkish university students.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim was to explore the prevalence and the correlates of smoking in a group of Turkish university students. A sample of 1,870 students (21.2 +/- 2.0 years old) completed the Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Smoking was highly prevalent (35.9%) in this sample. Male gender (OR = 2.72, CI 2.15-3.44), and parental smoking (OR = 1.41, CI 1.13-1.78) were factors associated with increased likelihood of smoking. Higher depressive symptoms and hopelessness levels were significantly related to smoking behavior. Smoking behavior might initiate as a mild and transient habit and unfortunately could become more serious and lead to an actual dependence. The results of this study show that it is necessary to pay attention to levels of depression and hopelessness, as well as parental influence. PMID:19742158

Celikel, Feryal C; Celikel, Serhat; Erkorkmaz, Unal

2009-08-12

59

Smoking determinants in Turkish university students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim was to explore the prevalence and the correlates of smoking in a group of Turkish university students. A sample of 1,870 students (21.2 +/- 2.0 years old) completed the Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Smoking was highly prevalent (35.9%) in this sample. Male gender (OR = 2.72, CI 2.15-3.44), and parental smoking (OR = 1.41, CI 1.13-1.78) were factors associated with increased likelihood of smoking. Higher depressive symptoms and hopelessness levels were significantly related to smoking behavior. Smoking behavior might initiate as a mild and transient habit and unfortunately could become more serious and lead to an actual dependence. The results of this study show that it is necessary to pay attention to levels of depression and hopelessness, as well as parental influence.

Celikel FC; Celikel S; Erkorkmaz U

2009-08-01

60

Smoking Determinants in Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available The aim was to explore the prevalence and the correlates of smoking in a group of Turkish university students. A sample of 1,870 students (21.2 ± 2.0 years old) completed the Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Smoking was highly prevalent (35.9%) in this sample. Male gender (OR = 2.72, CI 2.15-3.44), and parental smoking (OR = 1.41, CI 1.13-1.78) were factors associated with increased likelihood of smoking. Higher depressive symptoms and hopelessness levels were significantly related to smoking behavior. Smoking behavior might initiate as a mild and transient habit and unfortunately could become more serious and lead to an actual dependence. The results of this study show that it is necessary to pay attention to levels of depression and hopelessness, as well as parental influence.

Feryal C. Celikel; Serhat Celikel; Unal Erkorkmaz

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

[Differences in the assessment of 9-14-year-old sons of divorced and not divorced parents  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Twenty-eight 9- to 14 years old boys from divorced families were compared with twenty-six 9- to 14 years old boys from two-parent families. Californian Child Q-Sort assessments (Block and Block 1980) were obtained from themselves, as well as from mother, father, a friend, and from the trained interviewer. Boys with divorced parents indicated more stress without showing it to others. They longed for appreciation from the others, showed lower self-esteem and more helplessness, but not more dissocial behavior. Supportive representation of their mother correlated positively with ego-resiliency and self-esteem, and negatively with helplessness, while others did not seem to notice the boys' helplessness. They indicated less dissocial and more social behavior, they were more sensitive and had better relations with other children. Supportive representation of fathers was beneficial only for the control group. The data correspond to differences in quality of narrative language published previously. They are discussed from an attachment theory perspective.

Böhm B; Emslander C; Grossmann K

2001-02-01

62

Maturity-related variation in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among 9-14 year olds.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: This study compared physical activity levels among early, average, and late maturing boys and girls. METHODS: Physical activity was assessed with an Actigraph accelerometer in 161 (76 boys, 85 girls) 9 to 14 year olds over 7 consecutive days. Anthropometric variables were measured and the maturity offset (ie, years from peak height velocity) was predicted. Biological maturity groups (early, average, and late) were created based on the mean estimated age at peak height velocity for boys and girls separately. RESULTS: Levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were similar between early, average, and late maturing boys and girls after adjusting for differences in chronological age. Levels of MVPA progressively declined across chronological age in boys and girls (P < .001) and gender differences existed at 10-, 12-, and 13-years, with boys having higher levels than girls (P < .05). When aligned according to biological age, gender-related differences in MVPA did not exist. CONCLUSIONS: Within this sample of 9 to 14 year old boys and girls, there were no significant differences in MVPA among early, average, and late maturing individuals.

Wickel EE; Eisenmann JC; Welk GJ

2009-09-01

63

Lay Theories of Suicide in Turkish and American Students  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to compare the lay theories of suicide held by Turkish and American respondents. Measures of attitudes toward suicide and of personality variables were administered to 330 Turkish undergraduates and 419 American undergraduates. Turkish students saw interpersonal factors as less important and societal factors as more important in causing suicide as compared to the American students, and they also reported more stigma toward attempted suicides. Personality correlates of these attitudes were similar in the two groups. The similarities between the two groups of respondents in their theories of suicide outweighed thedifferences.

Sevginar Vatan; Faruk Gençöz; Rheeda Walker; David Lester

2010-01-01

64

Salter-Harris type II fracture of the femoral bone in a 14-year-old boy - case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Distal femoral physis fractures with displacement are rare injuries seen in adolescents related with high incidence of complication. They may lead to premature physeal closure consequently, to growth arrest and bone deformity. Case Report: The case of a 14-year-old boy with Salter-Harris type II displaced fracture underwent surgery with open reduction has been described. CT examination with multiplanar reconstruction was used in pre-operative assessment of distal femur growth plate fracture. Conclusions: Knowledge of classification, prognosis and methods of treatment is necessary in accurate pre- and postoperative assessment of physial fractures in adolescents. CT and multiplanar reconstruction improve the understanding of patterns of injury, relative prevalence and accuracy of pre-operative planning. (authors)

2010-01-01

65

Asthma and other allergic diseases in 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in Urmia, Iran. [corrected  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We determined the prevalence and risk factors of asthma, allergic rhinitis and atopic eczema in 3000 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in Urmia, Islamic Republic of Iran. We used the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) written and video questionnaires. With the written questionnaire, the prevalence of current symptoms (within the past 12 months) was: wheeze 14.5%, allergic rhinitis 23.6% and eczema 10.1%. Self-reported asthma ever was only 2.1%. With the video questionnaire, the prevalence of wheeze was lower; 7.4% for wheeze at rest ever and 4.6% during the past 12 months. Boys had a significantly higher prevalence for most items examined except for eczema.

Rahimi Rad MH; Hejazi ME; Behrouzian R

2007-09-01

66

Individual differences on the importance of virginity in Turkish society: An application on Turkish university students  

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Full Text Available Virginity is an important issue in Turkish society because of the position of virginity in both Islam and Turkish traditions and customs. As a result of the societal perspective of virginity, Turkish youth see virginity before marriage as an important judgmental value, especially for women. However, it is also observed that the ideas and views of Turkish youth are changing over time and with the influence of personal circumstances. The purpose of this study is to learn the ideas of Turkish youth about the importance of virginity and to depict individual differences by conducting a survey on students of the Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences of Eskisehir Osmangazi University. The participants were 664 university students attending different departments of the faculty in 2011-2012 academic year. A questionnaire including one dependent variable as the importance of virginity before marriage and sixteen independent variables was administered to students. QUEST analysis was applied to depict the research findings on a decision tree for more visual illustration. As a result of the analysis the most effective factor on the dependent variable was found students’ customs and usage. For the 65.38% of male students virginity is very important before marriage, for whom the customs and usage are important and who use alcohol and attend the third and fourth class, but for the 64.71% of the female students virginity is not important before marriage. The results of the analysis also showed that male and female individuals in Turkish society think in opposite ways about the importance of virginity before marriage.

Zeliha Kayg?s?z Ertu?

2013-01-01

67

Huge pelvi-abdominal malignant inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with rapid recurrence in a 14-year-old boy  

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Full Text Available Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is an uncommon benign neoplasm with locally aggressive behavior but malignant change is rare. We report an unusual case of pelvic-abdominal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with malignant transformation in a 14-year-old boy presenting with abdominal pain and 9 kg body weight loss in one month. Computed tomography revealed a huge pelvi-abdominal mass (30 cm), possibly originating from the pelvic extraperitoneal space, protruding into the abdomen leading to upward displacement of the bowel loops, downward displacement of the urinary bladder, massive central necrosis, a well-enhanced peripheral solid component with prominent peritumoral vascularity. Subsequent examination confirmed the computed tomographic findings. Histopathologic examination revealed proliferative epitheloid and spindle cells, inflammatory cell infiltration and high mitotic counts. Immunohistochemistry was strongly positive for anaplastic lymphoma kinase and revealed a high proliferative index (ki-67 = 40%). DNA sequencing and electronic microscopy further confirmed the primitive fibroblastic cell phenotype of the tumor and a final diagnosis of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with malignant transformation was established. Rapid tumor recurrence was noted 20 d after radical tumor resection. To our knowledge, this is the largest documented case of IMT in a pediatric patient and the first report of IMT with malignant transformation originating from the pelvic extraperitoneal space.

Chia-Hsun Lu, Hsuan-Ying Huang, Han-Koo Chen, Jiin-Haur Chuang, Shu-Hang Ng, Sheung-Fat Ko

2010-01-01

68

Designing Orthodontic Craniofacial Templates for 8-14 year-old Iranian Girls Based on Cephalometric Norms  

Science.gov (United States)

Objectives: Cephalometry and its related analyses have an important role in the evaluation of orthodontic patients. Access to an analysis that gives maximum information in the least possible time is an effective way to indicate craniofacial disharmony; therefore, craniofacial templates are very useful tools. The purpose of the present study was to provide orthodontic craniofacial templates for 8–14-year-old Iranian girls. Materials and Methods: One thousand two-hundred and nine girls (age range, 8–14 years) were examined. Eighty of these cases were finally chosen for the study and their lateral cephalograms were traced. Both Basion-Nasion (Ba-N) and Sella-Nasion (S-N) lines were selected for superimposition in this study. Based on these two mentioned lines, a template for each age was designed. Simple linear regression and multivariant regression analysis were used to evaluate the angles and to landmark the vectors, respectively. Results: Findings show that most points change significantly at different ages in the S-N method. In the Ba-N method, all points except for S and Ba have significant changes at different ages. Conclusion: Templates that resulted from both methods were the same and alteration in the reference line and points does not change the total form of the average tracings of each age.

Chalipa, Javad; Akhoundi, Mohammad Sadegh Ahmad; Shoshtarimoghaddam, Elinaz; Nik, Tahereh Hosseinzadeh; Imani, Mosle

2013-01-01

69

Buprenorphine in drug-facilitated sexual abuse: a fatal case involving a 14-year-old boy.  

Science.gov (United States)

The first case involving repetitive sexual abuse linked to the use of buprenorphine is reported. Under the tradename Subutex, buprenorphine is largely used for the substitution management of opiate-dependent individuals, but it can also be easily found on the black market. A 14-year-old boy was found dead at the home of a well-known sex offender of minors. At the autopsy, no particular morphological changes were noted, except for pulmonary and visceral congestion. There was no evidence of violence, and no needle marks were found by the pathologist. Toxicological analyses, as achieved by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, demonstrated both recent and repetitive buprenorphine exposure in combination with nordiazepam. Buprenorphine concentrations were 1.1 ng/mL and 23 pg/mg in blood and hair, respectively. The boy's death was attributed to accidental asphyxia in a facilitated repetitive sexual abuse situation due to the combination of buprenorphine and benzodiazepines, even at therapeutic concentrations. The use of buprenorphine as a sedative drug was not challenged by the perpetrator. PMID:14607012

Kintz, Pascal; Villain, Marion; Tracqui, Antoine; Cirimele, Vincent; Ludes, Bertrand

2003-10-01

70

Buprenorphine in drug-facilitated sexual abuse: a fatal case involving a 14-year-old boy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The first case involving repetitive sexual abuse linked to the use of buprenorphine is reported. Under the tradename Subutex, buprenorphine is largely used for the substitution management of opiate-dependent individuals, but it can also be easily found on the black market. A 14-year-old boy was found dead at the home of a well-known sex offender of minors. At the autopsy, no particular morphological changes were noted, except for pulmonary and visceral congestion. There was no evidence of violence, and no needle marks were found by the pathologist. Toxicological analyses, as achieved by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, demonstrated both recent and repetitive buprenorphine exposure in combination with nordiazepam. Buprenorphine concentrations were 1.1 ng/mL and 23 pg/mg in blood and hair, respectively. The boy's death was attributed to accidental asphyxia in a facilitated repetitive sexual abuse situation due to the combination of buprenorphine and benzodiazepines, even at therapeutic concentrations. The use of buprenorphine as a sedative drug was not challenged by the perpetrator.

Kintz P; Villain M; Tracqui A; Cirimele V; Ludes B

2003-10-01

71

Designing Orthodontic Craniofacial Templates for 8-14 year-old Iranian Girls Based on Cephalometric Norms.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: Cephalometry and its related analyses have an important role in the evaluation of orthodontic patients. Access to an analysis that gives maximum information in the least possible time is an effective way to indicate craniofacial disharmony; therefore, craniofacial templates are very useful tools. The purpose of the present study was to provide orthodontic craniofacial templates for 8-14-year-old Iranian girls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One thousand two-hundred and nine girls (age range, 8-14 years) were examined. Eighty of these cases were finally chosen for the study and their lateral cephalograms were traced. Both Basion-Nasion (Ba-N) and Sella-Nasion (S-N) lines were selected for superimposition in this study. Based on these two mentioned lines, a template for each age was designed. Simple linear regression and multivariant regression analysis were used to evaluate the angles and to landmark the vectors, respectively. RESULTS: Findings show that most points change significantly at different ages in the S-N method. In the Ba-N method, all points except for S and Ba have significant changes at different ages. CONCLUSION: Templates that resulted from both methods were the same and alteration in the reference line and points does not change the total form of the average tracings of each age.

Chalipa J; Akhoundi MS; Shoshtarimoghaddam E; Nik TH; Imani M

2013-01-01

72

Designing Orthodontic Craniofacial Templates for 8-14 year-old Iranian Girls Based on Cephalometric Norms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: Cephalometry and its related analyses have an important role in the evaluation of orthodontic patients. Access to an analysis that gives maximum information in the least possible time is an effective way to indicate craniofacial disharmony; therefore, craniofacial templates are very useful tools. The purpose of the present study was to provide orthodontic craniofacial templates for 8-14-year-old Iranian girls.Materials and Methods: One thousand two-hundred and nine girls (age range, 8-14 years) were examined. Eighty of these cases were finally chosen for the study and their lateral cephalograms were traced. Both Basion-Nasion (Ba-N) and Sella-Nasion (S-N) lines were selected for superimposition in this study. Based on these two mentioned lines, a template for each age was designed. Simple linear regression and multivariant regression analysis were used to evaluate the angles and to landmark the vectors, respectively.Results: Findings show that most points change significantly at different ages in the S-N method. In the Ba-N method, all points except for S and Ba have significant changes at different ages.Conclusion: Templates that resulted from both methods were the same and alteration in the reference line and points does not change the total form of the average tracings of each age.

Javad Chalipa Chalipa; Mohammad Sadegh Ahmad Akhoundi; Elinaz Shoshtarimoghaddam; Tahereh Hosseinzadeh Nik; Mosle Imani

2013-01-01

73

Bone dysplasia with optic atrophy, vascular malformation and seizures in a 14-year-old girl - a case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The heritable skeletal dysplasias or osteochondrodysplasias are a large heterogeneous group of disorders associated with abnormal shape, growth, or integrity of bones. Osteopetrosis is a collective term for a range of sclerosing bone diseases with various degree of defective remodeling. Increased bone density is the predominant radiologic feature. The skull is often involved with basal sclerosis and the sinuses are obliterated. The most serious consequences of the osteopetroses are seen in the nervous system. Because of perturbed remodeling of the skull bones, many aspects of the brain and cranial nerve function are endangered. Cranial nerves, blood vessels and the spinal cord may be compressed by progressive occlusion of cranial foramina. Carious, misplaced teeth, dysplastic fingernails, tendency to pathologic fractures are the other clinical manifestations. The authors present a 14-year-old girl with dysmorphic features, optic atrophy, CNS vessel malformation, pathologic fractures and seizures. The girl had a wide range of clinical and radiographic symptoms of bone dysplasias together with a giant left internal carotid artery aneurysm and epilepsy. On the basis of clinical and radiological features, a disease belonging to the group of skeletal dysplasias was recognized in our patient. The configuration of the presented symptoms does not allow at the moment strict classification to hitherto determined forms of dysplasia. This leads to the necessity of extending diagnostics, especially by molecular tests, and further long-lasting observations, which perhaps would allow classification of the presented syndrome to one of the known groups, or determination of a new clinical entity. (author)

2007-01-01

74

Genetic risk factors of disc degeneration among 12-14-year-old Danish children: a population study  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of the present study was to examine the associations between eleven putative predisposing single nucleotide polymorphisms (COL9A3, COL11A2, IL1A, IL1B, IL6 and VDR) and early disc degeneration (DD). The population consisted of 12 to 14-year-old Danish children (N=352). DD was evaluated from magnetic resonance images (MRI). We analysed the association between DD and single nucleotide polymorphisms or haplotypes using logistic regression analyses. Of the 352 children studied, 73 boys and 81 girls had no MRI changes, while 30 boys and 36 girls had lumbar DD. Among girls, IL1A rs1800587 in CT/TT compared to CC resulted in OR 2.85 [1.19-6.83]. In IL6 promoter polymorphism rs1800796, the C-allele was more frequent among the subjects with DD, OR 6.71 [1.71-26.3]. Of the IL6 haplotypes, GCG was associated with DD, OR 6.46 [1.61 – 26.0]. No associations were observed among boys. Our results suggest possible roles for IL1A and IL6 in early DD among girls.

Eskola, Pasi J; Kjaer, Per; Daavittila, Iita M; Solovieva, Svetlana; Okuloff, Annaleena; Sorensen, Joan S; Wedderkopp, Niels; Ala-Kokko, Leena; Mannikko, Minna; Karppinen, Jaro I

2010-01-01

75

Genetic risk factors of disc degeneration among 12-14-year-old Danish children: a population study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The objective of the present study was to examine the associations between eleven putative predisposing single nucleotide polymorphisms (COL9A3, COL11A2, IL1A, IL1B, IL6 and VDR) and early disc degeneration (DD). The population consisted of 12 to 14-year-old Danish children (N=352). DD was evaluated from magnetic resonance images (MRI). We analysed the association between DD and single nucleotide polymorphisms or haplotypes using logistic regression analyses. Of the 352 children studied, 73 boys and 81 girls had no MRI changes, while 30 boys and 36 girls had lumbar DD. Among girls, IL1A rs1800587 in CT/TT compared to CC resulted in OR 2.85 [1.19-6.83]. In IL6 promoter polymorphism rs1800796, the C-allele was more frequent among the subjects with DD, OR 6.71 [1.71-26.3]. Of the IL6 haplotypes, GCG was associated with DD, OR 6.46 [1.61 - 26.0]. No associations were observed among boys. Our results suggest possible roles for IL1A and IL6 in early DD among girls.

Eskola PJ; Kjaer P; Daavittila IM; Solovieva S; Okuloff A; Sorensen JS; Wedderkopp N; Ala-Kokko L; Männikkö M; Karppinen JI

2010-01-01

76

Classification of body composition in 11-14 year olds by both body mass index and bioelectrical impedance.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the prevalence of obesity in 1671 Caucasian 11-14 year olds using body mass index (BMI) and fat percentage (F%). Age and sex-related criteria for both BMI and F% were applied to characterise the individuals as normal, overweight/overfat or obese. Using BMI, 5.6% males and 6.1% females were identified as obese. F% gave higher values for obesity: 11.9% males and 15.3% females. The prevalence of obesity appears to be in-line with other surveys; however, the outcome does appear to depend on both the measure employed (BMI/F%) and the categories used (overweight/obese). Questions are raised by this survey as to whether BMI is underestimating the number of individuals who are obese, given that obesity is a factor of adiposity, and whether the two measures are identifying the same individuals as obese; 23% were categorised differently between the two measures. These issues have implications for both survey and clinical work. PMID:17763020

Potter, Julia A; Laws, Christopher J; Candy, David C

2007-01-01

77

Classification of body composition in 11-14 year olds by both body mass index and bioelectrical impedance.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study investigated the prevalence of obesity in 1671 Caucasian 11-14 year olds using body mass index (BMI) and fat percentage (F%). Age and sex-related criteria for both BMI and F% were applied to characterise the individuals as normal, overweight/overfat or obese. Using BMI, 5.6% males and 6.1% females were identified as obese. F% gave higher values for obesity: 11.9% males and 15.3% females. The prevalence of obesity appears to be in-line with other surveys; however, the outcome does appear to depend on both the measure employed (BMI/F%) and the categories used (overweight/obese). Questions are raised by this survey as to whether BMI is underestimating the number of individuals who are obese, given that obesity is a factor of adiposity, and whether the two measures are identifying the same individuals as obese; 23% were categorised differently between the two measures. These issues have implications for both survey and clinical work.

Potter JA; Laws CJ; Candy DC

2007-01-01

78

Are Breast Masses in Teenagers Always Benign? Undifferentiated Mesenchymal Sarcoma in a 14-Year-Old Girl.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: This article is concerned with the evaluation of an adolescent breast mass using imaging methods. CASE REPORT: A 14-year-old girl presented with progressive asymmetric enlargement of the left breast. She had felt a breast lump about 4 months earlier, and over the last 2 months it had been growing progressively. Tumor markers, including AFP, CEA, CA15-3, and CA125, were all normal. Ultrasonography showed a hypoechoichyperechoic, solid mass. Magnetic resonance imaging of the breast revealed a well marginated mass with hypointensity on T1-weighted images and mild hyperintensity on T2-weighted images, which showed mild contrast uptake. Biopsy revealed an undifferentiated malignant mesenchymal sarcoma. The patient underwent mastectomy with axillary lymph node sampling. After the operation, she received 3 cycles of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. CONCLUSION: Due to the rarity of breast sarcoma and inadequate imaging methods to establish an exact diagnosis, radiologists and clinicians may misdiagnose and merely follow these tumors. As in our case, the histology of the patient may be the leading factor in the management of these tumors. Even in very young patients, progressively growing breast masses should alert the clinician to check for malignancy verified by biopsy.

Tekbas G; Ince T; Kapan M; Ekici F; Onder A; Kucukonen M; Bilici A; Gumus H

2012-04-01

79

Iatrogenic aspiration of a large piece of a wooden spoon in a 14-year-old epilepsy patient.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Foreign body aspiration in childhood is a common and life-threatening emergency. A 14-year-old male with history of mental retardation was transferred from another center to our hospital with diagnosis of foreign body aspiration. According to the anamnesis, he had been diagnosed with epilepsy a few years ago. Approximately 10 hours before admission, while at home, his parents had urgently placed a wooden spoon in the boy's mouth during a generalized tonic-clonic seizure to avoid possible airway injury. Nevertheless, he had inhaled a large piece of the wood after breaking the handle of the spoon with his teeth. Rigid bronchoscopic evaluation revealed the presence of a large piece of wood sitting vertically 2 cm beyond the glottis. Although bronchoscopic removal of the wooden piece from the trachea was difficult and prolonged, it was successful. Following this process, he presented with subcutaneous emphysema and pneumothorax in the intensive care unit (ICU). After improvement with the aid of chest tube drainage in the ICU, he was discharged from the hospital on the 3rd day of rigid bronchoscopy. Early diagnosis and urgent removal of a foreign body are very important for reducing mortality. However, complications related to the foreign body itself or the bronchoscopy may occur. In conclusion, the physical characteristics, position and location of the foreign body can influence the outcome, even in skilled hands.

Sazak H; Yaz?c? U; Gülgösteren M; Topçuo?lu G; Ozkan S; Savk?l?o?lu E

2011-07-01

80

VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT OF TURKISH STUDENTS AGED BETWEEN 7 AND 9  

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Full Text Available The potential of thoughts which is possible for a person who speaks a particular language are accepted to be equal to the conceptual content of that language; “dictionary” containing the sum of the concepts. It means that “the things that a person can think are limited to the possibilities in the language he/she speaks and the thoughts of the person who speaks the language has to act within the limits of that language’s potential.”In terms of Turkish language, it is seen that Turkish sources in the form of general dictionary contain approximately 70.000 words as headwords. The headwords included in approximately 80.000-100.000 dictionaries and glossaries that are used in Anatolian dialects were not added to this number. However studies related to the vocabulary of children report that Turkish students do not benefit from the rich vocabulary of Turkish language. This paper aims to investigate Turkish student between the ages 7 and 9 during 3 years and reveal how they develop vocabulary. It is also aimed to determine the effects of variables on vocabulary development such as age, pre-knowledge, social environment, economic environment and education level. The study was conducted by the support of TÜB?TAK (The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkish), (TÜBITAK-SOBAG project No: 104K087).

Hülya P?LANCI

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Turkish Language Teaching Students’ Attitudes towards Teaching Profession  

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Full Text Available Attitude can be described as a feature that is an indicator of individual’s point of view and feelings towards a subject and that motivates him/her to behave in a positive or negative way. The aim of the research is to analyze attitudes of the students who are studying in Turkish Language Teaching department towards teaching profession in terms of socio-demographic features. Students who are studying in Turkish Language Teaching departments of the universities in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in 2009-2010 academic years constitute population of the study. Result of the study presented that attitudes of the students of Turkish Language Teaching departments towards teaching profession are positive in general. It is determined that attitudes of the students of Turkish Language Teaching departments towards teaching profession differentiate significantly in terms of gender, situation of being satisfied in their department, their parents’ attitudes towards them, desire to become a teacher and do not differentiate significantly in terms of grade, mother’s attitude towards them, income variables.

Hülya YE??L

2011-01-01

82

[Catatonia in a 14 year-old girl: treatment with clorazepam and carbamazepine, a 10-year follow-up].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Child and adolescent catatonia has been poorly investigated. Moreover, diagnosis criteria only exist for adult psychiatry, and there are no therapeutic guidelines. The aim of this paper is to describe the case of a 14-year-old girl presenting an overlap between psychogenic and neuroleptic induced catatonia, acute treatment and ten year's follow-up. CASE REPORT: A 14-year-old Caucasian French girl, Elsa, was admitted in February 1998 to a University adolescent mental health center with an acute psychotic disorder. She showed agitation, impulsivity (sudden engagement in inappropriate behaviour), paranoid delusions, visual and auditory hallucinations, diurnal and nocturnal urinary incontinence, lack of self-care, inadequate food intake because of fear of poisoning, and vomiting after meals leading to rapid weight loss of 5 kg. Clinical examination, laboratory tests, EEG and RMI were normal. Toxicological tests were negative. Her IQ, assessed six months before admission, was in the dull average range (70-75). Elsa was treated with loxapine 150 mg per day for one week without improvement and this was then replaced by haloperidol 30 mg per day. One week after the start of haloperidol her agitation, impulsivity, and hallucinatory symptoms decreased. Twenty four days after loxapine introduction and 17 days after the haloperidol, her condition deteriorated rapidly over less than 48 hours. She exhibited immobility, minimal response to stimuli, staring and catalepsy with waxy flexibility. The diagnosis of catatonia was established. Examination revealed tremulous extremities, tachychardia (110 pm) and apyrexia. Creatine phosphokinase levels were 106 UI/l (normal range 0-250). Human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis, listeria and Lyme serology were negative. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis was normal. Haloperidol was stopped and intravenous clonazepam 5mg/kg was begun. It was not possible to obtain signed consent from the two parents for Electroconvulsive therapy. The patient was transferred to a pediatric intensive care unit. The treatment was standard parenteral nutrition, nursing, intravenous clonazepam 0.05 mg/kg, with regular attendance by a child psychiatrist. Elsa stayed three weeks in this condition. She then began to notice the child psychiatrist, and a few days later she was able to carry out simple requests. Elsa was transferred to an adolescent psychiatric unit. As soon as she could eat by herself again, carbamazepine 400mg per day was begun. Her agitation reduced at a carbamazepine level of 7 mg/l. One month later her condition was stable. However, language difficulties persisted for a further six months. One year after the episode she scored 66 on a repeat IQ test and her RMI was normal. She exhibited no significant residual symptoms except some cognitive impairment. She integrated into a special education facility. These attempts to stop the carbamazepine were followed by depressed mood, aggressiveness and impulsivity; carbamazepine was finally stopped successfully after seven years. Ten years later, Elsa is the mother of two young children and is able to take care of them. She has never had a relapse of her psychotic disorder or catatonic state. DISCUSSION: The etiopathogenic diagnosis is problematic. Some indices in the familial history may suggest a traumatic event. But one to the total residual amnesia it was never confirmed, and traumatic catatonia are extremely rare. Normal CPK levels, with autonomic disturbance limited to tachycardia and the lack of resolution after discontinuance of medication, argues against a diagnosis of neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS). But CPK levels are non specific, and NMS without pyrexia has been described. The occurrence of the catatonic syndrome 21 days after the first dose of a neuroleptic could be diagnostic. This case involved a non organic catatonic psychosis followed by neuroleptic induced catatonia. Catatonia is described as a risk factor for the development of NMS and some consider NMS to be a variant of malignant catatonia. The interest of this report is (1) it

Askenazy F; Dor E; Benoit M; Dupuis G; Serret S; Myquel M; Seddiki Y

2010-02-01

83

Australia's national trends in the incidence of Type 1 diabetes in 0-14-year-olds, 2000-2006.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIMS: To determine the national incidence of Type 1 diabetes in children aged 0-14 years and examine trends in incidence between 2000 and 2006 by age, sex and calendar year. METHODS: Case ascertainment was from the Australian National Diabetes Register, a prospective population-based incidence register established in 1999, with two sources of ascertainment: the National Diabetes Services Scheme and the Australasian Paediatric Endocrine Group's state-based registers. Denominator data were from the Australian Bureau of Statistics. RESULTS: There were 6350 new cases of Type 1 diabetes (3323 boys and 3027 girls). Case ascertainment was 97.1% complete using the capture-recapture method. The mean adjusted incidence rate for 2000-2006 was 21.6 per 100,000 person-years [95% confidence interval (CI) 21.0, 22.1], and increased from 19.8 in 2000 to 23.4 per 100,000 in 2006, an average increase of 2.8% (95% CI 1.5, 4.1) per year. Mean incidence for the 7-year period increased with age, and was significantly higher in boys aged 0-4 years and 10-14 years than in girls of the same age. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of Type 1 diabetes among 0-14-year-olds in Australia is very high compared with available data from many other countries. The rate of increase observed globally in the last decade has continued well into this decade in Australia. The rising incidence cannot be explained by changes in genetic susceptibility; there is an urgent need to examine the environmental factors that have contributed to this increase. The findings of this study also have important implications for resource planning.

Catanzariti L; Faulks K; Moon L; Waters AM; Flack J; Craig ME

2009-06-01

84

An Analysis of Turkish High School Students' Metacognition and Motivation  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study aimed at investigating Turkish high school students' metacognition and its relation to achievement goals (mastery approach goals, mastery avoidance goals, performance approach goals, performance avoidance goals), perceived competence, and perceived classroom environment (challenge and threat). Metacognition was examined in terms…

Sungur, Semra; Senler, Burcu

2009-01-01

85

THE EFFECT OF STRENGTH TRAINING ON SOME MOTOR ABILITIES IN 12-14 YEARS-OLD MALE TENNIS PLAYERS  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine effect of 8-week strength training on motor abilities of male tennis players between aged 12-14 years.The total 20 athletes which played in the Club of Ankara Tennis participated in the study, as experimental group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 years, Height:152.90±4.22 cm, Body mass:40.64±5.72 kg) and control group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 y?l, Height:152.30±4.73 cm, Body mass:39.35±3.62 kg). The experimental group performed the strength training for 8 weeks in addition to tennis training. The control group performed only tennis training. The motor abilities were measured before the strength training period (pre-test) and after the strength training (post-test) for the experimental and control group. The results of pre-test of experimental and control group were defined as a co-variance and the difference between post-tests of variables was compared in univariate co-variance analysis. The difference between some performance variables of experimental and control groups was determined by using independent t test. The level of significance was set at p?0.05. There was no significant difference between heights of the experimental and control group and their body weights (p>0.05). There were no significant difference between results of peak power, mean power and fatique index of Wingate test performed by the experimental and control group (p>0.05). There was significant difference between the result of relative mean power of Wingate test performed by the experimental and control group (p?0.05). Although there were not found between durations of 5-m sprint, 30-m sprint, asymmetric sprint for the experimental group and control group (p>0.05), there was significant difference between those of 10-m sprint durations (p?0.05). The right and left hand grip strength of the experimental group was significantly higher than the right and left hand grip strength of the control group (p?0.01). The skinfold of the experimental group was significantly less than skinfold of the control group (p?0.01). The value of 20-m shuttle run of the experimental group was significantly higher than those of the control group (p?0.01). There was no significant difference between experimental group and control group in flexibility (p>0.05).As a result, the strength training for eight weeks improved the abilities of endurance, strength, and in some speed abilities in 12-14 year-old male tennis player, however it was observed that the strength training did not induce any changes in flexibility and anaerobic power.

Ferhat AKTA?; Hasan AKKU?; Erbil HARB?L?; Sultan HARB?L?

2011-01-01

86

Approaches to learning and academic performance of Turkish university students  

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Full Text Available This paper reports findings with regard to approaches to learning of Turkish students. The term “approaches to learning” refers to the idea that learners perceive and process information in very different ways. The study is set out to (i) explore and describe the approaches of learning of university students; (ii) explore the relationship between approaches to learning constructs, (iii) explore how the learning approaches of Turkish higher education students in combination with gender and academic discipline, year affect and academic performance; Employing a correlational research design- 44-item 1995 version of the RASI and the cumulative grade point, the study was conducted in two departments in two institutions of higher education: one humanities and one engineering. Total 160 students participated. This paper discusses firstly the findings of this study in the light of other research carried out in this area and secondly, and more importantly, in the light of its contribution towards a better understanding of the learning needs of Turkish university students.

Leyla Harputlu *

2011-01-01

87

Student Attitudes toward Technology Enhanced History Education: Comparison between Turkish and American Students  

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Full Text Available Teacher and student attitudes towards the technology enhanced instruction plays a critical role in determining its effectiveness. The purpose of the study is to examine Turkish and American students’ attitudes and thoughts toward the use of educational technologies in history courses, and to compare the results to determine whether there are any differences between the attitudes of Turkish and American student. This study was conducted with 197 American students from Upper Saint Claire High school in Pittsburgh, PA, and 214 Turkish students from Konya High school who volutered for this study. The required data for this study were gathered by a 26-item technology questionnaire, which included 7 multiple-choice questions and 19 Likert scale questions. This questionnaire was developed to gather data on five different areas of interest: (1) demographic information, (2) participants’ computer- and Internet-usage skills, (3) the level of technology used in history classrooms, (4) participants’ attitudes toward technology-enhanced history education, and (5) participants’ attitudes toward history. Most of the Turkish and American students rated themselves as being very well experienced on the eight computer- and Internet-usage skills targeted in this study. But the comparison of the data indicated that American students have higher computer- and Internet-usage skills than Turkish students do, and this difference is statistically significant (p = 0.001). Most of the Turkish and American students showed positive attitudes on using educational technologies in history classrooms. A majority of the Turkish and American students stated that they would be able to focus and learn better if more technological materials were used in classroom activities, and this, in turn, would increase their academic achievements.

Ibrahim Turan

2010-01-01

88

Understanding Metacognitive Knowledge of Turkish EFL Students in Secondary Education  

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Full Text Available This article reports on a study that investigated metacognitive knowledge or beliefs about languagelearning of 470 Turkish EFL learners in secondary education. The primary aims of the study were to explorewhat beliefs Turkish students in secondary education held about learning English as a foreign language (EFL),how their belief systems were organized and whether there were significant differences in belief systems amonglearner groups according to variables such as social and school contexts, gender, age and grade level. Popularconceptions of language learning were collected using a structured questionnaire based on Horwitz’s BeliefsAbout Language Learning Inventory (BALLI) (1987). An exploratory factor analysis was performed to identifyTurkish EFL learners’ patterns of beliefs about language learning. Subsequently, various statistical tests werecarried out to find out intra- and inter-group variability in belief categories. The results of this studydemonstrated that Turkish EFL learners have a broad range of conceptions both similar to and different fromthose reported in the current literature. It is further evident that learners’ metacognitive knowledge or beliefsabout language learning have variability in terms of social and educational contexts, age, gender, and stages oflanguage learning. The study also suggested that curriculum designers and decision-makers as well as languageinstructors attend to the accumulation of metacognitive knowledge or learner beliefs.

Hüseyin ÖZ

2007-01-01

89

Branch retinal artery occlusion and non-ischemic central retinal vein occlusion due to hyperhomocysteinemia in a 14-year-old child.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A 14-year-old girl presented with sudden, painless loss of vision in the left eye. Complete ophthalmologic examination including fluorescein angiography revealed an impending central vein occlusion and a branch retinal artery occlusion inferotemporally. One month later, there was a non-ischemic central retinal vein occlusion of the same eye. Systemic evaluation led to the diagnosis of hyperhomocysteinemia. This case report underscores the importance of excluding hyperhomocysteinemia in vascular occlusive disease.

Rosenbaum PS; Srinivasan S; Zelefsky JR; Mayers M; Moradi IE

2010-01-01

90

Music Education Department students attitudes towards “Turkish Music History” course  

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Full Text Available This research was conducted in order to analyze the attitudes of second, third, and fourth grade students at the Faculty of Education, Department of Music Education towards the Turkish Music History course. Descriptive research methods with quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been adopted with an integrated approach. The sample group includes 871 second, third, and fourth students from Music Education Departments of 12 universities in Turkey. Data have been obtained via a Turkish Music History Course Attitude Scale which was developed by the researcher. According to the findings of the research, students have stated that factors such as the inadequacy of the way the course was given, the attitude of the lecturer, the number of topics covered, the insipidity of the classes, the inappropriateness of the location and time of the classes, and the difficulty of the exams are the main reasons that negatively affected their attitudes. Nevertheless, they have stated that they enjoyed learning about Turkish music that the course contributed to their general knowledge and culture, that they liked the topics and that the course makes a positive impact on other courses; and they have made various suggestions.

Burçin Uçaner; Nezihe ?entürk

2013-01-01

91

High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience  

Science.gov (United States)

Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ)…

Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

2009-01-01

92

Effects of Peer E-Feedback on Turkish EFL Students' Writing Performance  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study investigated the effect of online peer feedback through blogs on Turkish EFL students' writing performance and their perceptions. Data were collected by using: a) Turkish EFL Students' Background Survey, b) interviews at the beginning and end of the term, c) first and revised drafts, and d) end-of-semester Questionnaire. The…

Ciftci, Hatime; Kocoglu, Zeynep

2012-01-01

93

Severe cardiotoxicity of high-dose 5-fluorouracil in combination with folinic acid, cisplatin and methotrexate in a 14-year-old boy with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (Schmincke tumor).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Cardiotoxicity by 5-fluorouracil has been reported as a rare complication in treatment protocols for adult patients with different malignant diseases. The combination with folinic acid as a biomodulatory substance and other cytotoxic drugs has been introduced to render protocols more effective and less toxic. We report severe but completely reversible cardiotoxicity of a treatment protocol for nasopharyngeal tumor (Schmincke tumor) of pediatric patients consisting of 5-fluorouracil, methotrexate, cisplatin and folinic acid in a 14-year-old boy who had no preexisting cardiac disease. The pathomechanism is briefly discussed.

Blütters-Sawatzki R; Grathwohl J; Mertens R; Lampert F

1995-07-01

94

Predicting Turkish Ninth Grade Students' Algebra Preformance  

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Full Text Available The prediction of students’ achievement in algebra in eighth and ninth grades has become a research interest for practical issues of placement. A group of simple, easily accessible variables was used to predict student performance in algebra after completion of eighth grade. The three variables of school type, grade level, and previous year mathematics performance explained 54% of the variance in algebra performance. Furthermore, school type was the dominant predictor of performance, explaining 33% of the total variation in algebra achievement.

Ayhan Kursat Erbas

2005-01-01

95

Turkish Students' Ideas about Global Warming  

Science.gov (United States)

|A questionnaire was used to explore the prevalence of ideas about global warming in Year 10 (age 15-16 years) school students in Turkey. The frequencies of individual scientific ideas and misconceptions about the causes, consequences and "cures" of global warming were identified. In addition, several general findings emerged from this study.…

Kilinc, Ahmet; Stanisstreet, Martin; Boyes, Edward

2008-01-01

96

Turkish Students' Ideas about Global Warming  

Science.gov (United States)

A questionnaire was used to explore the prevalence of ideas about global warming in Year 10 (age 15-16 years) school students in Turkey. The frequencies of individual scientific ideas and misconceptions about the causes, consequences and "cures" of global warming were identified. In addition, several general findings emerged from this study.…

Kilinc, Ahmet; Stanisstreet, Martin; Boyes, Edward

2008-01-01

97

Implicit alcohol-aggression scripts and alcohol-related aggression on a laboratory task in 11- to 14-year-old adolescents.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Social scripts are commonly shared representations of behavior in social contexts, which are seen to be partly transmitted through social and cultural media. Research suggests that people hold scripts associated with alcohol-related aggression, but, unlike general aggression scripts, there is little evidence of social transmission. To demonstrate social transmission of alcohol-related aggression scripts, learning mechanisms based on personal experience should be minimized. We used a lexical decision task to examine implicit links between alcohol and aggression in alcohol-naïve adolescents who have limited personal or vicarious experience of alcohol-related aggression. One hundred and four 11-14 year old adolescents made lexical decisions on aggressive or nonaggressive words preceded by 40-ms alcohol or nonalcohol word primes. Repeated measures analyses of group data showed that alcohol word primes did not lead to faster responses to aggressive words than to nonaggressive words, nor were responses to aggressive words faster when they were preceded by alcohol word primes than by nonalcohol word primes. However, at an individual level, faster recognition times to the alcohol prime/aggression target word combination predicted aggression on a competitive laboratory task in 14 year olds only. This occurred only when the competitive aggression task was preceded by a visual presentation of alcoholic, but not nonalcoholic beverage, images. We concluded that alcohol-related aggression scripts are not strongly developed in this age group, but individual differences in script strength are linked to alcohol-related laboratory aggression.

Brown SL; Lipka S; Coyne SM; Qualter P; Barlow A; Taylor P

2011-09-01

98

Systematic review: change in the quality of life of children and adolescents younger than 14 years old after oral health interventions: a systematic review.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review that evaluated changes in the quality of life (QoL) of children and adolescents younger than 14 years old after oral health interventions. METHODS: The search strategy was based on OVID, PubMed, VHL, Cochrane, and Google Scholar databases and was completed by a manual cross-reference search. The keywords used for the search were "child" and "oral health" and "quality of life"; for Google Scholar, "before and after treatment" were also used. Articles that met the inclusion criteria were classified considering methodological quality and risk of bias. RESULTS: A total of 1,044 articles were initially retrieved; after excluding duplicate abstracts, 13 articles remained from the electronic search, and the manual search of their references detected 14 new articles. The exclusion criteria eliminated 16 of these 27 articles, leaving 11 for quality assessment. Of these, 2 were classified as high, 7 as moderate, and 2 as low methodological quality, and the majority of them had moderate risk of bias. Thus, our final selection was reduced to 9 articles for final analysis. CONCLUSION: The level of evidence was moderate and detected changes in the impact on the quality of life of children and adolescents younger than 14 years old after interventions related to oral health.

Antunes LA; Andrade MR; Leão AT; Maia LC; Luiz RR

2013-01-01

99

Adaptation, validity and reliability of the Leahy Emotional Schema Scale Turkish version based on Turkish university students and workers  

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Full Text Available Objective: Emotional schema concept is developed for determining beliefs and attributions about emotions. The aim of this study was to examine validity and reliability of the Turkish version of ?Leahy Emotional Schema Scale? (LESS). Method: The sample consisted of 436 participants including students, workers and their relatives from various faculties of two Turkish universities. Translation, back-translation and pilot assessment of LESS Turkish version completed. Socio-demographic data form, LESS Turkish version and short form of the Metacognition Questionnaire (MCQ-30) were administered to participants. For reliability of LESS test-retest correlation, split-half technique, Cronbach?s alpha coefficient and item-dimension total score correlations were used. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation used for factor analysis and Pearson correlation analysis was used for convergent and divergent validity. Results: The mean age of participants was 22.5±4.84 years (age range: 18-53 years) and 51.1% (n=223) were female. Statistically significant results supported LESS Turkish version?s reliability. Item-dimension total score correlation analyses revealed statistically significant correlation coefficients that show high internal consistency (Cronbach alpha = 0.86). Factor analysis revealed that LESS Turkish version, as the original version, had 14 dimensions, and these explained 56.8% of the total variance. In five dimensions, factor analysis showed inconsistency with original version of LESS. For convergent and divergent validity, we compared related subscales of LESS and MCQ-30 and revealed significant relations. Conclusion: The results of this study show that the Turkish version of LESS is a reliable and valid scale for the assessment of beliefs and attributions about emotions on non-clinical population.

K. Fatih Yavuz; M. Hakan Türkçapar; Ba?ak Demirel; Emrah Karadere

2011-01-01

100

Successful treatment of a 14-year-old patient with intestinal malrotation with laparoscopic Ladd procedure: case report and literature review.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Midgut malrotation is an anomaly of intestinal rotation that occurs during fetal development and usually presents in the neonatal period. We present a rare case of malrotation in a 14-year-old patient who presented with cramping, generalized right abdominal pain, and vomiting for a duration of one day. A computed tomography abdominal scan and upper gastrointestinal contrast studies showed malrotation of the small bowel without volvulus. Laparoscopy revealed typical Ladd's bands and a distended flabby third and fourth duodenal portion extrinsically obstructing the misplaced duodeno-jejunal junction. The Ladd procedure, including widening of the mesenteric base and appendectomy, was performed. Symptoms completely resolved in a half-year follow up period. Patients with midgut malrotation may present with vague abdominal pain, intestinal obstruction, or intestinal ischemia. The laparoscopic Ladd procedure is feasible and safe, and it appears to be as effective as the standard open Ladd procedure in the diagnosis and treatment of teenage or adult patients with intestinal malrotation.

Nakajima Y; Sakata H; Yamaguchi T; Yoshie N; Yamada T; Osako T; Terashima M; Mambo N; Saka R; Nose S; Sasaki T; Okuyama H; Nakao A; Kotani J

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Primary desmoplastic small round cell tumor of the kidney: a case report in a 14-year-old girl with molecular confirmation.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) arising in the kidney of a 14-year-old female. The subject presented with gross hematuria. Medical imaging uncovered a left renal mass without regional or metastatic extension. The tumor showed morphological, immunohistochemical, and molecular features of DSRCT. Immunostaining revealed polyphenotypic differentiation. Molecular analysis detected the fusion transcript resulting from the t(11;22)(p13;q12) reciprocal translocation, which characterized this neoplasm. Desmoplastic small round cell tumor is a rare, aggressive neoplasm that mainly affects young males and that usually presents with widespread abdominal serosal involvement. This unusual localization should lead one to consider this tumor in the differential diagnosis of small blue round cell tumors of the kidney. PMID:17638432

Collardeau-Frachon, Sophie; Ranchère-Vince, Dominique; Delattre, Olivier; Hoarau, Stelly; Thiesse, Philippe; Dubois, Rémi; Bergeron, Christophe; Dijoud, Frédérique; Bouvier, Raymonde

102

Educational Problems of Turkish Students Who Are Between 15-19 Living in Germany  

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Full Text Available This study aims to determine educational problems of Turkish students who are between 15 and 19 years old living in Germany. Sample of the study consisted of 197 Turkish students at secondary education level in Lunen, North Rein Westfalen in Germany. An instrument related to Turkish students’ educational problems has been developed to collect data in the study. In this study, most of Turkish students claim their level of German reading, writing, understanding and speaking is quite high, while about one-third of them express that their German grammer levels are moderate or low. Furthermore, more than half of Turkish students indicate their teachers have positive attitudes towards them, almost two-fifth of students state that school administrators behave equally to them like other German students and two-third of them express that they benefit from school facilities equally. Moreover, three-fourth of Turkish students state they are satisfied with their schools and more than half of them think that they can find a job easily after graduation.

Soner Mehmet ÖZDEM?R; Halis BENZER; Oktay AKBA?

2009-01-01

103

Turkish Science Student Teachers' Conceptions on the States of Matter  

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Full Text Available This study aims to determine science students teachers’ conceptions on the concepts related to ‘the matter and the states of the matter’. 112 Turkish science student teachers participated at this research. A questionnaire consisting of thirteen open-ended items was designed to collect the data. The questionnaire aimed to reveal the students’ views concerning; the features of ‘solid, liquid and gas’ states and their application in everyday life, the state of matter at room temperature and in normal conditions, the particulate structure of matter, unique properties of each particle of matter, the relationship between the force of attraction between these particles and room temperature. The results were analyzed mainly qualitatively, but also quantitatively. As an outcome of the analysis, fourteen misconceptions were determined. These misconceptions can be categorized as ‘mentioning of the state of matter without specifying the temperature and the pressure’, ‘not comprehending that liquids evaporate at any temperature’, ‘not understanding the features of the particulate structures of solid, liquid and gas substances (volume and the number of the particles)’.

Abdullah Aydin; Yasemin Godek Altuk

2013-01-01

104

The Prevalence of Essential Tremor in Turkish Medical Students  

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Full Text Available Objectives: To determine the clinical findings and prevalence of essential tremor (ET) in Turkish Medical Students.Background: The prevalence of ET is higher than other movement disorders and its prevalence ranges from 0.4 to 3.9 % worldwide and the age of onset of essential tremor is unclear. In previous studies a bimodal distribution in age of onset with peaks in the second and sixth decades of life has been reported.Patients and methods: Two hundred twenty-one medical school students from the Afyon Kocatepe University School of Medicine, aged 17 – 26 years, were included in this study. The study was planned in two phases. In phase 1, a short questionnaire including screening questions for tremor was administered to the subjects. In phase 2; suspected subjects were evaluated according to the scales for tremor by a neurology specialist and a final diagnosis was made.Results: In Phase 1; 24 subjects (10.8 %) were screened as positive and were referred to phase 2. All of the tremor positive students were evaluated by direct examination. A diagnosis of ET was made in 6 subjects (2.7 %).Conclusions: In this study, we demonstrated the ET prevalence and anatomic distribution in a selected young population with the same level of education and similar age interval, and the prevalence of ET in our group was 2.7%. Although this was a small group, our results have similar prevalence rates and anatomic distribution with other studies.

Ozge Yilmaz KUSBECI; Sadiye AYHAN; F. Buket BAYRAM; Tolga ESENBOGA; Ayse Betul YAPA; Beray COKER; Nur OGUZ

2009-01-01

105

Parental education, body mass index and prevalence of obesity among 14-year-old boys between 1987 and 1997 in Wroclaw, Poland  

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The main aim of this study was to examine changes in relative weight and prevalence of obesity across a ten-year period among 14-year-old boys according to parental education level. Data from two surveys, carried out in 1987 and 1997, of boys attending the 7th grade of primary schools in Wroclaw were used in the analysis. The heights and weights of 3165 boys aged 14 years selected from cohort of 6969 7th and 8th grade boys from all primary schools of the city Wroclaw were used. The data of the second sample of 14-year-old boys (n = 1014) were obtained from a health examination study carried out in the Silesian Centre for Preventive Medicine, 'DOLMED', in Wroclaw in 1997. All boys attended the 7th grade of 34 randomly selected primary schools from a total of 129 schools in the city of Wroclaw. Social status was assessed on the basis of parental education level scored to four categories: university, secondary school, trade school, and elementary school. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was defined as the percentage of children above the 85th and 95th percentiles of the body mass index (BMI), the means of which were 21.27 and 23.75 kg/m2 respectively. Prevalence of overweight among boys is slightly lower in the 1997 sample, whereas the prevalence of obesity shows the opposite trend and is higher by more than one percent in comparison with the 1987 sample. Similar trends of declining medians and increasing variance are observed in all educational groups. The differences in medians between the two samples within educational groups did not achieve statistical significance for the groups with parents with education at elementary level and fathers with university education. There is a trend toward increasing prevalence of obesity across the decade considered, according to father's education level. With respect to mother's education levels, the most dramatic changes in BMI and obesity occurred in the elementary education group, where the percentage of obese subjects increased more than twofold. A significant increase is also observed in the group with parents attaining university education.

106

Association of parents' nutritional status, and sociodemographic and dietary factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

To assess the association of parents' nutritional status, and dietary and sociodemographic factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren in Florianópolis Island, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, this cross-sectional epidemiological study examined 2,826 schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old, classified according to body mass index curves for age and sex recommended by the International Obesity Task Force. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression. The final model showed overweight/obesity in boys associated directly with father's educational level, mother's age, and parents' nutritional status, and inversely with mother's educational level, and number of daily meals. Among girls, it associated directly with parents' nutritional status and the schoolchildren's age, and inversely with consumption of risk foods. The variables that associated with overweight/obesity differed between the sexes, except parents' nutritional status. Boys and girls with both parents overweight or obese were, respectively, 80% and 150% more likely to exhibit the same diagnosis, indicating the need for interventions that include the family environment.

Bernardo Cde O; Vasconcelos Fde A

2012-02-01

107

A 14-year-old girl who regained normal vision after bilateral visual impairment following hot water injury to the eyes.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A 14-year-old girl presented with bilateral visual impairment following hot water injury to the eyes. The patient was admitted for a week and managed with guttae tropicamide 0.5% 8 h, diclofenac sodium 0.1% 4 h, and fluoroquinolone 0.3% 6 h and ointment chloramphenicol 8 h. Also, the patient was managed with capsule doxycycline 100 mg 12 h for 10 days, tablet cataflam 50 mg 12 h for 7 days and intramuscular tetanus toxoid 0.5 mg stat and dermacine cream for facial scald. The visual acuities improved from 3/60 (right eye) and 6/24 (left eye) to 6/6 in both eyes. There were resolutions of facial/eye pain, tearing, photophobia, lid edema, blepharospasm, and conjunctival hyperemia. There was complete healing of facial wounds and corneal ulcers. She was discharged from hospital on the 7th day of admission. Prompt presentation, degree of scald sustained, and appropriate medical intervention enhanced visual recovery and wound healing in the patient.

Monsudi KF; Ayanniyi AA

2011-04-01

108

Successful treatment of a 14-year-old patient with intestinal malrotation with laparoscopic Ladd procedure: case report and literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

Midgut malrotation is an anomaly of intestinal rotation that occurs during fetal development and usually presents in the neonatal period. We present a rare case of malrotation in a 14-year-old patient who presented with cramping, generalized right abdominal pain, and vomiting for a duration of one day. A computed tomography abdominal scan and upper gastrointestinal contrast studies showed malrotation of the small bowel without volvulus. Laparoscopy revealed typical Ladd's bands and a distended flabby third and fourth duodenal portion extrinsically obstructing the misplaced duodeno-jejunal junction. The Ladd procedure, including widening of the mesenteric base and appendectomy, was performed. Symptoms completely resolved in a half-year follow up period. Patients with midgut malrotation may present with vague abdominal pain, intestinal obstruction, or intestinal ischemia. The laparoscopic Ladd procedure is feasible and safe, and it appears to be as effective as the standard open Ladd procedure in the diagnosis and treatment of teenage or adult patients with intestinal malrotation. PMID:23684081

Nakajima, Yuka; Sakata, Hiroyuki; Yamaguchi, Tomohiro; Yoshie, Norichika; Yamada, Taihei; Osako, Takaaki; Terashima, Mariko; Mambo, Naomi; Saka, Ryuta; Nose, Satoko; Sasaki, Takashi; Okuyama, Hiroomi; Nakao, Atsunori; Kotani, Joji

2013-05-17

109

Physician-diagnosed obesity in German 6- to 14-year-olds. Prevalence and comorbidity of internalising disorders, externalising disorders, and sleep disorders.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: This study analyses whether children with obesity have an increased risk of internalising disorders, externalising disorders, and sleep disorders compared to children without physician-diagnosed obesity. METHOD: The study included 156,948 children aged between 6 and 14 years. We analysed data of a German national health insurance company concerning the rates of the physician-diagnosed ICD-10 disorders of obesity and psychiatric disorders. RESULTS: Greater odds for externalising disorders (odds ratio (OR) = 1.64), internalising disorders (OR = 2.00), sleep disorders (OR = 1.87), and a stay in hospital (OR = 1.44) were found among children with physician-diagnosed obesity compared to children without physician-diagnosed obesity. The increased ORs were higher in girls with obesity compared to boys with obesity for externalising disorders (OR = 1.91 vs. 1.52) and internalising disorders (especially anxiety, OR = 2.15 vs. 1.43). According to age group, the increased OR was highest in young adolescents (12- to 14-year-olds) with obesity compared to younger children with obesity for internalising disorders (especially anxiety, OR = 2.32 vs. 1.59 and 1.43). CONCLUSION: For obesity prevention and obesity intervention, it is important to understand comorbid health problems as well as potential interindividual influence factors (such as gender or age), both of which should be a focus in respective programmes.

Eschenbeck H; Kohlmann CW; Dudey S; Schurholz T

2009-01-01

110

Validity and Reliability of the QIDS-SR16-Turkish in Comparison with BDI-II-Turkish Among Young Outpatient Sample of Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available Ob­jec­ti­ve: To evaluate the validity and reliability of 16-item self-report version of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS-SR16) scale in comparison with BDI-II-Turkish (BDI-II-T) in a young sample of Turkish university students.Met­hods: A slightly modified version of the QIDS-SR16-Turkish (QIDS-SR16-T) available at www.ids-qids.org, along with the BDI-II-T, was administered to 628 young Turkish university students who attended the Family Health Center in Uluda? University Campus between February and April 2010. Descriptive analyses, Student’s t-test, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, and confirmatory factor analyses were used in the study.Re­sults: The mean age of the participants was 21.1±2.16 (SD) years; 67.8% were female and 32.2% were male. Cronbach’s ? coefficient for internal consistency of the QIDS-SR16-T was found to be 0.769. The mean item-total correlation was 0.45, ranging from 0.29 to 0.71. The correlation between the BDI-II-T and QIDS-SR16-T was 0.72. ROC curve analysis suggested 9 as the optimal cut-off for a clinical depression level for the QIDS-SR16-T. Conc­lu­si­on: We observed that the QIDS-SR16-T demonstrated good psychometric properties in a sample of young Turkish students and has convergent validity with the BDI-II-T, a widely used scale for depression. It is essential to diagnose reliably the major depressive disorder and to follow up the patients by valid screening instruments in primary care setting. The internal consistencies of the QIDS determined in studies from the United States were greater than our Cronbach’s ? coefficient, but there was no statistically significant difference between them (z=0.55, p>0.05). The QIDS-SR16-T can be reliably used in primary care settings. (Arc­hi­ves of Neu­ropsy­chi­atry 2012;49: 1-5)

Haluk Mergen; Talat Tavl?; Kurtulu? Öngel

2012-01-01

111

Exploring academic procrastination among Turkish students: possible gender differences in prevalence and reasons.  

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The authors examined the prevalence of and reasons, or excuses, for academic procrastination as a function of gender and academic grade level. In Study 1, a factor analysis of responses by 203 Turkish undergraduate students to an academic procrastination measure provided evidence of reliability and validity for the revised scale. In Study 2,784 students (363 women, 421 men; M age = 20.6 years, SD age = 1.74 years) completed the validated Turkish Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students. The results were that 52% of students self-reported frequent academic procrastination, with male students reporting more frequent procrastination on academic tasks than female students. Significantly more female students than male students reported greater academic procrastination because of fear of failure and laziness; male students reported more academic procrastination as a result of risk taking and rebellion against control than did female students. PMID:19425360

Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Ferrari, Joseph R

2009-04-01

112

Exploring academic procrastination among Turkish students: possible gender differences in prevalence and reasons.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The authors examined the prevalence of and reasons, or excuses, for academic procrastination as a function of gender and academic grade level. In Study 1, a factor analysis of responses by 203 Turkish undergraduate students to an academic procrastination measure provided evidence of reliability and validity for the revised scale. In Study 2,784 students (363 women, 421 men; M age = 20.6 years, SD age = 1.74 years) completed the validated Turkish Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students. The results were that 52% of students self-reported frequent academic procrastination, with male students reporting more frequent procrastination on academic tasks than female students. Significantly more female students than male students reported greater academic procrastination because of fear of failure and laziness; male students reported more academic procrastination as a result of risk taking and rebellion against control than did female students.

Ozer BU; Demir A; Ferrari JR

2009-04-01

113

Secular trends and distributional changes in health and fitness performance variables of 10-14-year-old children in New Zealand between 1991 and 2003.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: New Zealand children's health and fitness performance is declining over time, but whether this change is because of deterioration in all children's health and fitness performance or can be attributed to just a certain portion of the population, is unknown. OBJECTIVES: In this study, secular trends and distributional changes in health-related and performance-related fitness components among New Zealand primary school children aged 10 to 14 years between 1991 and 2003 were tracked. METHODS: Health- and performance-related fitness parameters including height, weight, body mass index (BMI), flexibility, standing broad jump, 4 x 9-m agility run, abdominal curl-ups, and 550-m run were collected up to twice a year from 3306 children (10-14 years old) from a New Zealand school between 1991 and 2003. RESULTS: Over the 12-year period, the boys' weight increased by 4.5 kg (95% CL 2.7 to 6.2, or 0.8% per year) and girls' by 3.9 kg (95% CL 2.0 to 5.9, or 0.7% per year). Mean BMI increased by 0.12 kg m(-2) (0.6%) and 0.11 kg m(-2) (0.5%) per year for boys and girls, respectively. Children's 550-m run performance declined by 1.5% and 1.7% per year for boys and girls, respectively. Little difference existed between children located in the highest performing and leanest percentiles in 1991 and 2003, but for children in the poorest performing and fattest percentiles, their results were substantially worse in 2003. Conclusions: These results suggest that the deterioration in the health-related and performance-related fitness components of New Zealand 10-14-year-olds is not homogeneous but skewed towards those children who are the heaviest and perform worst in fitness tests. Previous research on health-related fitness parameters among children in New Zealand is limited but shows secular trends of increasing body mass1 2 in conjunction with deteriorating aerobic fitness performance, muscular endurance and explosive muscular power.3 Internationally, similar increases in body mass have been observed in children since the 1980s.1 4 5 Secular trends of deteriorating health-related fitness performance have also been reported among children around the world,1 5 6 with the most significant decreases observed in aerobic performance. However, trends in health-related variables reported as changes in mean body mass index (BMI) and mean aerobic fitness performance do not reveal possible changes in the distribution of BMI or aerobic performance within the population. Changes in such measures may come about because of a shift in the entire population under investigation or a change in a portion of the population. It is not clear whether New Zealand's entire childhood population is becoming heavier and less aerobically fit or whether only a portion of the children are becoming even heavier and more unfit, with the remaining children showing little secular change. The aim of this study was to track secular trends and distributional changes in body weight and physical fitness parameters among New Zealand primary school children aged 10 to 14 years.

Albon HM; Hamlin MJ; Ross JJ

2010-03-01

114

Renal medullary AA amyloidosis, hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleated hepatocytes in a 14-year-old free-ranging lioness (Panthera leo)  

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Full Text Available A 14-year-old lioness, originating from Etosha in Namibia, and a member of a pride in Pilanesberg National Park since translocation in 1994, was euthanased due to fight-related vertebral fracture and spinal injury, incurred approximately 6-8 weeks previously. Blood specimens collected at the time of death showed mild anaemia and a leukogram reflecting stress and chronic infection. Necropsy conducted within 2 hours of death was on a dehydrated, emaciated animal with hindquarter wasting and chronic traumatic friction injuries from dragging her hindlegs. There was cellulitis in the region of bite-wounds adjacent to the thoraco-lumbar vertebral fracture, at which site there was spinal cord compression, and there was marked intestinal helminthiasis. The outer renal medullae appeared pale and waxy and the liver was macroscopically unremarkable. Histopathology and electron microscopy of the kidneys revealed multifocal to coalescing deposits of proximal medullary interstitial amyloid, which fluoresced strongly with thioflavine T, and was sensitive to potassium permanganate treatment prior to Congo Red staining, thus indicating inflammatory (AA) origin. There was diffuse hepatocyte dissociation, as well as numerous binucleated and scattered multinucleated (up to 8 nuclei/cell) hepatocytes, with swollen hepatocyte mitochondria, in liver examined light microscopically. Ultrastructurally, the mono-, bi- and multinucleated hepatocytes contained multifocal irregular membrane-bound accumulations of finely-granular, amorphous material both intra-cytoplasmically and intra-nuclearly, as well as evidence of irreversible mitochondrial injury. The incidence and relevance in cats and other species of amyloidosis, particularly with renal medullary distribution, as well as of hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleation, as reported in selected literature, is briefly overviewed and their occurrence in this lioness is discussed.

J.H. Williams; E. Van Wilpe; M. Momberg

2012-01-01

115

Age at menarche and age of onset of pubertal characteristics in 6-14-year-old girls from the Province of L'Aquila (Abruzzo, Italy).  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The present study is part of a research project on growth models of children in an area of central-southern Italy. It analyzes the phases of pubertal breast development (BD) in 397 girls, pubic hair development (PHD) in 399 girls, and menarche in 583 girls from 6-14 years old. The status quo method was used to evaluate the age at menarche. Probit analysis was used to analyze the data for all three variables. The onset of BD and PHD (Tanner stage 2) occurs at age 7 in 6.1% of girls. Passage to stage 3 of one or both secondary sexual characteristics occurs at age 10 in 8.5% of girls. Comparison with data from the United States shows higher percentages of American white girls in stage 2 (or greater) of both characteristics at any age. The mean (median) age of onset (Tanner stage 2) of BD or PHD or both of them is 9.96 years. The passage to stage 3 occurs at age 12.36 for BD (95% confidence interval: 1.36 years) and at age 12.10 for PHD (95% confidence interval: 0.51 years). The mean age at menarche is 12.55 years, in general agreement with other values found in Italy. Sexual maturation at any considered stage for both pubertal characteristics is generally in line with literature data concerning other Mediterranean and industrialized countries or countries in which the demographic transition is in an advanced phase. It does not show a significant earlier onset. The evidence emerging from the general project suggests that the secular trend is still in progress in this region of Italy.

Danubio ME; De Simone M; Vecchi F; Amicone E; Altobelli E; Gruppioni G

2004-07-01

116

Predictors of Dental caries among children 7–14 years old in Northwest Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Dental caries in children remains a significant public health problem. It is a disease with multifactorial causes. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of dental caries among children between 7 to 14 years old. Methods A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Gondar town from June 2011 to September 2011. A total of 842 children were involved in the study. Multi-stage sampling technique was used to select the children. Pretested and structured questionnaires were used to collect data from mothers. Clinical examination of children was done using dental caries criteria set by world health organization. Data were entered, cleaned and edited using EPI Info version 3.5.1 and exported to SPSS version 16.0 for analysis. Binary multiple logistic regression analyses was applied to test the association. Results Four hundred sixty three (55%) children were females. The prevalence of dental caries was 306(36.3%).The educational status of children’s father (AOR=0.3, 95%CI, 0.17, 0.80), monthly household income (AOR=0.59, 95%CI, 0.01, 0.45), regular teeth brushing (AOR=0.08, 95% CI, 0.03, 0.20) and using mouth rinsing (AOR=0.40, 95% CI, 0.2, 0.80) were found statistically significantly associated with dental caries. Conclusions Dental caries were high among children in Gondar town. Low socioeconomic status and poor oral hygiene practices were the influencing factors for dental caries. Oral hygiene, dietary habits and access to dental care services are supreme important for the prevention of the problem.

Ayele Fenta A; Taye Belaynew W; Ayele Tadesse A; Gelaye Kassahun A

2013-01-01

117

A Comparative Study on Value Ranking of the Turkish Teaching Department Students in Two Universities  

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Value is a subjective concept that answers the private reasons of making choices of individuals between the various alternatives in their lives. In this study, determining of two university's female and male student's value understandings is aimed. This study is limited by 294 students who received education on "Turkish Teaching" at University of…

Akengin, Hamza; Tuncel, Gul; Sirin, Ahmet; Sargin, Sevil

2009-01-01

118

A Comparative Study on Value Ranking of the Turkish Teaching Department Students in Two Universities  

Science.gov (United States)

|Value is a subjective concept that answers the private reasons of making choices of individuals between the various alternatives in their lives. In this study, determining of two university's female and male student's value understandings is aimed. This study is limited by 294 students who received education on "Turkish Teaching" at University of…

Akengin, Hamza; Tuncel, Gul; Sirin, Ahmet; Sargin, Sevil

2009-01-01

119

Premarital Sex, Social Support, Submissive Behaviors, and Loneliness among Turkish University Students  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate whether differences in social support, submissive behaviors, and loneliness existed among Turkish university students who had had premarital sexual intercourse and those who had not. Using self-reported questionnaires, students who had experienced sexual intercourse were contrasted with those who had…

Yalcin, Ilhan; Aricioglu, Ahu; Malkoc, Asude

2012-01-01

120

Exploring Bilingualism in a Monolingual School System: Insights from Turkish and Native Students from Belgian Schools  

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|A growing body of empirical studies indicates the educational benefits of bilingualism. Despite this tendency, bilingual minority students are being pressured by school authorities to shed their mother tongues. We conducted qualitative interviews with Turkish-bilingual and native-monolingual students in Flemish (Belgium) secondary schools to…

Agirdag, Orhan

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Relationship Between Occurrence of Guillan-Barre Syndrome and Mass Campaign of Measles and Rubella Immunization in Iranian 5-14 Years Old Children  

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Full Text Available Objective: Several case reports and epidemiologic studies have reported a relation between different vaccines including measles, rubella, and mumps and Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). In this study we investigated relation between receiving measles and/or rubella vaccines and occurrence of Guillain- Barre syndrome after national immunization campaign in 2003 in Iran.Material & Methods: In this study we used National Surveillance system for acute flaccid paralysis data from the beginning of 2002 to the end of 2004. We studied 5-14 year-old children. Three-year time span of the study was divided into fifteen 10 weeks periods, and number of reported and approved cases of Guillain-Barre syndrome in each time period has been analyzed supposing their distribution was according to Poisson distribution. One of time periods has been chosen in a manner that its first 4 weeks included embedded National Immunization and following 6 weeks were designated for covering incubation period of Guillin- Barre syndrome.Findings: Of total 553 reported flaccid paralysis cases in 5-15 year-old children 370 were approved to be Guillain- Barre (~67%). Estimated average incidence of Guillain-Barre syndrome in <15 year-olds is 1/100,000/year (95% CI: 0.88-13), and in 5-15 year-old children is 0.6/100,000/year (95% CI: 0.58-083). Thus, number of expected cases in 25 cases each 10 weeks time period was 23.8 of GBS that were reported in the time period which coincided with immunization campaign. Probability of occurring ?25 cases of GBS in that time period according to Poison distribution with expected case numbers of 23.8 is equal to 0.43 (P=0.43).Conclusion: Yearly incidence rate of GBS in this study was similar to other studies. According to our results, there was no increase in GBS incidence in the 4 weeks national Immunization Campaign and 6 weeks after it in comparison to other 10 weeks periods before or after this time period.

Abdoreza Esteghamati; Abbasali Keshtkar; Mohammad-Mehdi Gooya; Mohsen Zahraee; Mohammad-Nasr Dadras; Taha Moosavi

2007-01-01

122

The relationship between body composition and physical fitness in 14 year old adolescents residing within the Tlokwe local municipality, South Africa: The PAHL study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the relationship between body composition and physical fitness in 14?year-old high school adolescents of South Africa. Baseline data from a longitudinal study on physical activity and health (PAHLS) may provide valuable information for future studies, hence to inform public health policy makers. The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence of underweight, normal weight and overweight among adolescents aged 14?years in the Tlokwe Local Municipality of the North West Province of South Africa, and to assess the association between physical fitness and body composition separately for boys and girls, adjusted for race and locality. Methods Body weight, height and triceps, and subscapular skinfolds of 256 adolescents (100 boys and 156 girls) aged 14?years were measured, and percentage body fat and body mass index (BMI) were calculated. BMI was used to determine underweight, normal weight and overweight based on the standard criterion. Physical fitness was assessed by standing broad jump, bent arm hang and sit-ups according to the EUROFIT fitness standard procedures. Multinomial logistic regression analyses stratified for gender and adjusted for race (black or white), and the locality (urban or township) of the schools were used to analyze the data. Results In the total group 35.9% were underweight and 13.7% overweight. Boys were more underweight (44%) than girls (30.7%). The prevalence of overweight was 8% in boys and 17.3% in girls. BMI was strongly (p?=?0.01) related with percentage body fat. Strong and significant positive associations between physical fitness and BMI for the underweight girls with high physical fitness scores (OR, 10.69 [95%CI: 2.81-40.73], and overweight girls with high physical fitness scores (OR, 0.11 [95%CI: 0.03-0.50]) were found. Non-significant weaker positive relationship between physical fitness and BMI for the underweight boys with high physical fitness scores (OR, 1.80 [95%CI: 0.63-5.09]), and the overweight boys with high physical fitness scores (OR, 0.18 [95%CI: 0.02-1.78]) were found. Conclusion Both underweight and overweight among boys and girls in Tlokwe Local Municipality exist, and their effects on physical fitness performances were also noticed. As such, strategic physical activity, interventions or follow-up studies recognizing this relationship particularly in the overweight adolescents are needed. In addition, authorities in health and education departments dealing with adolescents should make use of this evidence base information in policies development.

Monyeki Makama; Neetens Rik; Moss Sarah J; Twisk Jos

2012-01-01

123

A cross-curricular physical activity intervention to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in 11-14 year olds: 'activity knowledge circuit'.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease have been shown to track from childhood through to adulthood. Previous school-based physical activity interventions have demonstrated modest improvements to cardiovascular disease risk factors by implementing extra-curricular activities or improving current physical education curriculum. Few have attempted to increase physical activity in class-room taught curriculum subjects. This study will outline a school-based cross-curricular physical activity intervention to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in 11-14 year old children. METHOD/DESIGN: A South Wales Valley school of low socio-economic status has been selected to take part. Participants from year eight (12-13 years) are to be assigned to an intervention group, with maturation-matched participants from years seven (11-12 years) and nine (13-14 years) assigned to a control group. A cross-curricular physical activity intervention will be implemented to increase activity by two hours a week for 18 weeks. Participants will briskly walk 3200 m twice weekly during curriculum lessons (60 minutes duration). With the exception of physical education, all curriculum subjects will participate, with each subject delivering four intervention lessons. The intervention will be performed outdoors and on school premises. An indoor course of equal distance will be used during adverse weather conditions. Cardiovascular disease risk factors will be measured pre- and post-intervention for intervention and control groups. These will take place during physical education lessons and will include measures of stature, mass, waist, hip, and neck circumferences, together with skinfold measure's taken at four sites. Blood pressure will be measured, and fitness status assessed via the 20 m multi-stage fitness test. Questionnaires will be used to determine activity behaviour (physical activity questionnaire for adolescence), diet (seven day food diary) and maturation status. Fasting blood variables will include total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, glucose, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, adiponectin, and fibrinogen. Motivational variables and psychological well-being will be assessed by questionnaire. DISCUSSION: Our study may prove to be a cost effective strategy to increase school time physical activity to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in children. TRIAL REGISTRATION: [NCT00998478].

Knox G; Baker JS; Davies B; Faulkner S; Rance J; Rees A; Morgan K; Thomas N

2009-01-01

124

Is the Child Perceptions Questionnaire for 11-14 year olds sensitive to clinical and self-perceived variations in orthodontic status?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between scores on the Child Perceptions Questionnaire for 11-14 year olds (CPQ11-14) and clinical and self-perceived measures of malocclusion. METHODS: Children were recruited from an orthodontic clinic just prior to starting orthodontic treatment. They completed a copy of the CPQ11-14 and a short questionnaire concerning their feelings about the condition of their teeth. Study models were taken and rated according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) and the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) index by two sets of three examiners. Intra and inter-rater reliabilities for the two sets of examiners ranged from 0.80 to 0.99. CPQ11-14 scores were calculated for the full 35-item version and for 16 and 8-item short forms by summing the item response codes. The association between these scores, the DAI and PAR ratings and self-perceived measures of malocclusion were examined using appropriate parametric and nonparametric tests. RESULTS: Complete data were collected for 141 children, 63 boys and 78 girls. The mean age was 12.5 (SD = 1.0). DAI scores ranged from 17.0 to 58.0 with a mean of 35.0 (SD = 8.0). The distribution of subjects across the four severity categories was minor/none - 6.6%, definite - 35.2%, severe - 15.6% and handicapping 42.6%. PAR scores ranged from 8.0 to 66.0 with a mean of 31.4 (SD = 11.1). Eight percent had scores of 50 or above indicating marked deviation from an ideal occlusion. Both the long and the short forms of the CPQ11-14 identified substantial variability in the impacts of malocclusion. Correlations between CPQ11-14 scores and the orthodontic indices ranged from 0.26 to 0.31 (P < 0.01). There was a clear gradient in CPQ11-14 scores across four categories of the PAR based on quartiles. The gradient across the DAI categories was less clear. There were significant associations between all CPQ11-14 scores and the children's self-ratings of oral health, ratings of the extent to which the condition of the teeth affected life overall and expressions of happiness with the appearance and arrangement of the teeth. CONCLUSION: The results provide some evidence of the validity of the CPQ11-14 when used with children needing orthodontic treatment. However, because clinical samples are biased the study needs to be repeated in different treatment settings in order to confirm the utility of the measure.

Locker D; Jokovic A; Tompson B; Prakash P

2007-06-01

125

A cross-curricular physical activity intervention to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in 11-14 year olds: 'Activity Knowledge Circuit'  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease have been shown to track from childhood through to adulthood. Previous school-based physical activity interventions have demonstrated modest improvements to cardiovascular disease risk factors by implementing extra-curricular activities or improving current physical education curriculum. Few have attempted to increase physical activity in class-room taught curriculum subjects. This study will outline a school-based cross-curricular physical activity intervention to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in 11-14 year old children. Method/Design A South Wales Valley school of low socio-economic status has been selected to take part. Participants from year eight (12-13 years) are to be assigned to an intervention group, with maturation-matched participants from years seven (11-12 years) and nine (13-14 years) assigned to a control group. A cross-curricular physical activity intervention will be implemented to increase activity by two hours a week for 18 weeks. Participants will briskly walk 3200 m twice weekly during curriculum lessons (60 minutes duration). With the exception of physical education, all curriculum subjects will participate, with each subject delivering four intervention lessons. The intervention will be performed outdoors and on school premises. An indoor course of equal distance will be used during adverse weather conditions. Cardiovascular disease risk factors will be measured pre- and post-intervention for intervention and control groups. These will take place during physical education lessons and will include measures of stature, mass, waist, hip, and neck circumferences, together with skinfold measure's taken at four sites. Blood pressure will be measured, and fitness status assessed via the 20 m multi-stage fitness test. Questionnaires will be used to determine activity behaviour (physical activity questionnaire for adolescence), diet (seven day food diary) and maturation status. Fasting blood variables will include total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, glucose, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, adiponectin, and fibrinogen. Motivational variables and psychological well-being will be assessed by questionnaire. Discussion Our study may prove to be a cost effective strategy to increase school time physical activity to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in children. Trial Registration [NCT00998478

Knox Gareth; Baker Julien S; Davies Bruce; Faulkner Susan; Rance Jaynie; Rees Anwen; Morgan Kelly; Thomas Non

2009-01-01

126

Psychological well-being, health, and stress sources in Turkish dental students.  

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This study investigated the psychological well-being and overall health of a group of Turkish dental students and their sources of stress. Two hundred and seventy-seven students (57 percent female) from Gazi University Dental Faculty completed the Dental Environment Stress (DES) questionnaire, the Psychological General Well-Being (PGWB) index, and the SF-36 Health Survey. The results showed that the DES scores increased over the five-year period. Pressure to perform, faculty and administration, workload, and students' perceptions of their self-efficacy were the most stress-provoking factors. Students whose first choice was dentistry experienced less stress and fewer health problems (pTurkish dental students was influenced by gender, year of study, social background, and lifestyle. Based on the results of this study, recommendations can be made for changes in the dental education system in order to reduce stress among dental students especially during the last two years of study. PMID:24098039

Uraz, Ahu; Tocak, Yasemin Sezgin; Yozgatligil, Ceylan; Cetiner, Sedat; Bal, Belgin

2013-10-01

127

Attitudes Towards Euthanasia among University Students: A Sample Based on Turkish Population  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In Turkey, euthanasia has not become a subject of public debate and concern. This study gives the results of Turkish university students on attitudes to euthanasia. The main aims of the study were: to assess the impact of type of education on attitudes towards euthanasia and to determine the influen...

Ummuhan Bas Aslan; Ugur Cavlak

128

The Consequences of Internet Cafe use on Turkish College Students' Social Capital  

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This paper draws on a part of the doctoral research study that investigates the potential impacts of Internet cafe use on Turkish college students' social capital. In this study, Internet cafe usage was portrayed by the amount of time spent and the frequency of online activities engaged at the cafes. Social capital, on the other hand, was…

Koc, Mustafa; Ferneding, Karen Ann

2007-01-01

129

Turkish School Students and Global Warming: Beliefs and Willingness to Act  

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One aim of environmental education is to persuade people to act in more pro-environmental ways. However, there is not a linear relationship between environmental knowledge "in general" and a willingness to act pro-environmentally. This research explores, using a specially-devised questionnaire, Turkish school students' beliefs about the benefits…

Kilinc, Ahmet; Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin

2011-01-01

130

The Characteristics of Separation-Individuation in Turkish High School Students  

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The aim of the present study was to examine the characteristics of separation-individuation in Turkish high school students and to investigate the contribution of sociodemographic variables on this second individuation process of adolescence. The sample consisted of 618 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 in three urban and two rural high…

Tamar, Muge; Bildik, Tezan; Kosem, Figen Sen; Kesikci, Hande; Tatar, Arkun; Yaman, Bora; Erermis, Serpil; Ozbaran, Burcu

2006-01-01

131

Slovakian and Turkish Students' Fear, Disgust and Perceived Danger of Invertebrates  

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Human perceives invertebrates less positively than vertebrates because they are small and behaviourally and morphologically unfamiliar. This cross-cultural research focused on Slovakian (n=150) and Turkish (n=164) students' fear, disgust and perceived danger regarding 25 invertebrates [including 5 disease relevant adult insects, 5 ectoparasites, 5…

Prokop, Pavol; Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Fancovicova, Jana; Bahar, Mehmet

2011-01-01

132

Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students  

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In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

Civitci, Asim

2010-01-01

133

A Comparative Study of Turkish Elementary and Science Education Major Students' Knowledge Levels at the Popular Biotechnological Issues  

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|The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge levels of popular biotechnological issues of Turkish science and elementary teacher candidates. A questionnaire was administered during 2006-2007 school term to 336 students pursuing their education in the departments of science and elementary education in two Turkish universities. The…

Turkmen, Lutfullah; Darcin, Emine Selcen

2007-01-01

134

Teachers’ and Students’ Opinions about the Interactive Instructional Environment Designed for Bilingual Turkish Primary School Students in Norway  

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Full Text Available Within the context of multicultural education process, bilingual students face the risk of failure due to the problems they experience while using their mother language. One of the groups that have similar problems is Turkish students in Norway; these students also have many problems in learning and using their mother language, Turkish. Some of these problems can be listed as being incompetent in comprehension and self-expression, having limited vocabulary size, inadequate source for language learning and having few class hours for Turkish learning (Belet, 2009). As one of the alternative solution for all these, designing an interactive learning media can be suggested. In this context, the present study contains two phases as designing process of interactive media for the bilingual students’ use of mother language and then revealing teachers and students’ opinions about the design process and designed interactive media. Before the design process of interactive learning media, a need assessment study on the basis of the teachers’ opinions about the problems that the students experience in Turkish learning, their expectations and characteristics was conducted. The data of the research, which was projected, based on the qualitative research method, were collected in the form of survey with open ended questions on need assessment study and design evaluation process, the findings obtained were analyzed and interpreted based on the descriptive analyses method. The results of need assessment indicated that Turkish primary education students in Norway were active in technology use but incompetent in comprehension and self-expression in Turkish, besides they did not have enough vocabulary knowledge. Furthermore, it was obtained that they did not have enough sources for language learning and use, thus they expected to use various learning CDs as alternative solution for these problems. According to the results of needs assessment study, some criteria for the design process were determined and then the interactive Turkish learning media was designed. At the second phase of the study, the teachers and students’ opinions about the deigned interactive media were examined. Consequently, it was observed that both the teachers and students generally had positive opinions about interactive learning environment.

Suzan Duygu Eri?ti; ?erife Dilek Belet

2010-01-01

135

Predictive role of authenticity on psychological vulnerability in Turkish university students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Authenticity is associated with adaptive psychological characteristics and may be predictive of psychological vulnerability. The study was conducted with Turkish university students (N = 303; 158 women, 145 men; M age = 20.1 yr.). Participants completed the Turkish version of Authenticity Scale and the Psychological Vulnerability Scale. Psychological vulnerability was correlated positively with two subfactors of authenticity, accepting external influence and self-alienation, and negatively with the authentic living factor of authenticity. Self-alienation, accepting external influence, and authentic living were related to psychological vulnerability, accounting for 33% of the variance collectively. Authenticity is an important predictor of psychological vulnerability.

Satici SA; Kayis AR; Akin A

2013-04-01

136

Predictive role of authenticity on psychological vulnerability in Turkish university students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Authenticity is associated with adaptive psychological characteristics and may be predictive of psychological vulnerability. The study was conducted with Turkish university students (N = 303; 158 women, 145 men; M age = 20.1 yr.). Participants completed the Turkish version of Authenticity Scale and the Psychological Vulnerability Scale. Psychological vulnerability was correlated positively with two subfactors of authenticity, accepting external influence and self-alienation, and negatively with the authentic living factor of authenticity. Self-alienation, accepting external influence, and authentic living were related to psychological vulnerability, accounting for 33% of the variance collectively. Authenticity is an important predictor of psychological vulnerability. PMID:23833879

Satici, Seydi Ahmet; Kayis, Ahmet Rifat; Akin, Ahmet

2013-04-01

137

High school and university students' knowledge and attitudes regarding biotechnology: A Turkish experience.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ) with 16 items and Biotechnology Attitude Questionnaire (BAQ) with 37 items were used as data collection instruments. The statistically significant correlation was observed between the level of biotechnology knowledge and the subdimensions of attitudes toward biotechnology. We found no statistically significant difference between high school and university students' knowledge of biotechnology. In contrast, university students showed more positive attitudes toward biotechnology than did high school students. However, the effect of gender was equivocal; therefore, it did not support a "gender paradox" hypothesis. Our results suggest that although students' appreciation of (agricultural) biotechnology is relatively positive, the understanding of biotechnology processes is superficial and attitudes toward shopping genetically modified products are therefore negative. The possible impact of current science and biology curriculum, and also biotechnology news given in media on Turkish students' views of biotechnology is discussed.

Usak M; Erdogan M; Prokop P; Ozel M

2009-03-01

138

INVESTIGATING HANDWRITING SKILLS OF TURKISH STUDENTS STUDYING IN THE GERMANY ELEMANTARY SCHOOL (GRUNDSCHULE): CASE OF STUTTGART  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to investigate handwriting skills of Turkishstudents studying in the Germany elementary school (Grundschule). Participantswere 42 third and fourth grade Turkish students in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg.The data were collected through Writing Observation Protocol, and copying anddictating instruments. Findings illustrated that most of the students preferredappropriate body state, pencil holding and pencil grasping styles for their writingapplications. Additionally, most of the students preferred cursive, so much manuscript and a few mixed writing styles. It was also evidenced that most commonwriting errors were related to spelling and punctuation. Based on the findings, thisstudy suggested several implications to hand writing skills of Turkish students whoare studying in Germany.

Mustafa YILDIZ; Suna ÖZTÜRK

2013-01-01

139

A comparative study on family environment, self-concept and school performances of Turkish, German and foreign students living in Germany  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There are 1.998.534 Turkish people living in Germany (Beauftragte der Bundesregierung für Ausländerfrage, 2002). According to Educational Department of Turkish Embassy in Berlin (2001), it is indicated that 517 552 Turkish students are attending to preschools, elementary schools, special education ...

Somcelik-Köksal, Aysegül

140

Student Readiness for Technology Enhanced History Education in Turkish High Schools  

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Full Text Available This study examined whether the Turkish high school social sciences major students would feel adequate and fit in atechnology-enhanced educational environment, particularly in history classrooms. To this extent, this study investigated highschool students’ level of proficiency in technology-use and their attitudes toward the use of educational technologies inclassrooms. The data for this study was collected using Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory (LSI Version-3) and a 27-item TechnologyQuestionnaire. The results revealed that from the point of proficiency and attitude Turkish high school social sciences majorstudents have the essential technology skills and knowledge to feel adequate in a technology-enhanced learning environment.They also have positive attitudes toward use of educational technologies in history classrooms. Therefore they seem to beready for technology-enhanced instruction.

?brahim Turan

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Turkish Primary Students' Conceptions about the Particulate Nature of Matter  

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|This study was conducted to determine 4th, 5th, and 6th grade primary students' conceptions about the particulate nature of matter in daily-life events. Five questions were asked of students and interviews were used to collect data. The interviews were conducted with 12 students, four students from each grade, after they finished the formal…

Ozmen, Haluk

2011-01-01

142

Reliability and validity of a Self-Efficacy Scale for AIDS Prevention among Turkish university students.  

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Full Text Available This study design determined the internal consistency, validity and factorial structure of the Turkish Self-Efficacy scale for AIDS (T-SEA-27). The 27 items scale firstly was translated into Turkish using back-translation method and the cultural equivalence was provided by expert views. Secondly, the psychometric properties of the scale were evaluated on 507 university students. The test-retest reliability of the intraclass correlations was satisfactory in a subsample of 60 students tested after a 2-week interval. Psychometric analysis supported the reliability and validity of the T-SEA-27 scale and four subscales: refusing sexual intercourse (a= .97), questioning potential partners (a= .90), condom use (a= .74) and family related (a= .95). The self-efficacy score was significantly higher for those studying in health sciences, those who were not sexually active and the female students. Our outcomes showed that T-SEA-27 is a valid instrument in evaluating self-efficacy for HIV/AIDS in Turkish young people.

Serap Bulduk; Semra Erdo?an

2008-01-01

143

Problematic internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and internet activities  

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Full Text Available This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.).Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610). The results indicate that the female students (N=358) had significantly lower PIU levels on all dimensions (i.e., social comfort, loneliness/depression, diminished impulse control and distraction) than those of the males (N=252). Furthermore, the results reveal that the students who use the Internet for entertainment (e.g., game) chat and social networking purposes have significantly higher PIU levels on all dimensions than the students who do not use the Internet for such purposes. However, the students who use the Internet for educational purposes have a significantly lower PIU level on distraction dimension, and the students who use the Internet for information searching demonstrate a significantly lower PIU level on the dimension of diminished impulse control. Moreover, multiple regression analyses reveal that Internet activities such as chat, entertainment and social networking are significant predictors of the all dimensions of PIU.

Erkan Tekinarslan; Melih Derya Gürer

2011-01-01

144

Turkish nursing students’ perceptions and experiences of bullying behavior in nursing education  

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Full Text Available Objective: This descriptive study aimed to determine the bullying and harassment experiences of nursing students’ in various Nursing Schools in Turkey.  The types and frequency of bullying behaviors, the sources of bullying behaviors, and students’ emotions towards these experiences were investigated. Methods: Study participants were 370 undergraduate nursing students from four different Turkish Nursing Schools.  To estimate bullying at nursing school I used a short version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire that adapted according to the earlier studies on bullying against nursing students particularly those conducted by Cooper et al. and Celik and Bayraktar. Results: A total of 222 respondents (60%) reported that they had experienced at least one of the thirteen bullying behaviors at daily and weekly frequencies during the last six months. Work related bullying was the most frequently encountered type of bullying behaviors which is followed by personal related bullying behaviors. Also, an interesting result from this study is that most students reported clinic nurses as their bully, indicating that the perpetrators were mostly females and older than them. Conclusions: This study supports previous reports of bullying against Turkish student nurses and adds to the scant body of literature showing that nursing students often experience bullying and harassment from clinical nurses (horizontal bullying), and importantly, this may influence their future employment choices.

Serap Palaz

2013-01-01

145

The impact of education programs on smoking prevention: a randomized controlled trial among 11 to 14 year olds in Aceh, Indonesia.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: School-based smoking prevention programs have been shown to increase knowledge of the negative effects of smoking and prevent tobacco smoking. The majority of evidence on effectiveness comes from Western countries. This study investigated the impact of school-based smoking prevention programs on adolescents' smoking knowledge, attitude, intentions and behaviors (KAIB) in Aceh, Indonesia. METHODS: We conducted a 2 x 2 factorial randomized controlled trial among 7th and 8th grade students aged 11 to 14 years. Eight schools were randomly assigned to a control group or one of three school-based programs: health-based, Islamic-based, or a combined program. Students in the intervention groups received eight classroom sessions on smoking prevention education over two months. The KAIB impact of the program was measured by questionnaires administered one week before and one week after the intervention. RESULTS: A total of 477 students participated (58% female, 51% eighth graders). Following the intervention, there was a significant main effect of the Health based intervention for health knowledge scores (beta = 3.9 +/- 0.6, p < 0.001). There were significant main effects of the Islamic-based intervention in both health knowledge (beta = 3.8 +/- 0.6, p < 0.001) and Islamic knowledge (beta = 3.5 +/- 0.5, p < 0.001); an improvement in smoking attitude (beta = -7.1 +/- 1.5, p < 0.001). The effects of Health and Islam were less than additive for the health and Islamic factors for health knowledge (beta = -3.5 +/- 0.9, p < 0.01 for interaction) and Islamic knowledge (beta = -2.0 +/- 0.8, p = 0.02 for interaction). There were no significant effects on the odds of intention to smoke or smoking behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: Both Health and Islamic school-based smoking prevention programs provided positive effects on health and Islamic related knowledge respectively among adolescents in Indonesia. Tailoring program interventions with participants' religion background information may provide additional benefits to health only focused interventions.Trial registrationACTRN12612001070820.

Tahlil T; Woodman RJ; Coveney J; Ward PR

2013-04-01

146

Attitudes Towards Euthanasia among University Students: A Sample Based on Turkish Population  

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Full Text Available In Turkey, euthanasia has not become a subject of public debate and concern. This study gives the results of Turkish university students on attitudes to euthanasia. The main aims of the study were: to assess the impact of type of education on attitudes towards euthanasia and to determine the influence of socio-demographics on attitudes of the students towards euthanasia. In total, 878 volunteered undergraduate registered students with the mean age of 21.13±1.92 year from six universities were surveyed. Attitudes of the students towards euthanasia were determined using by a self-completed questionnaire. Response rate was 92.2%. The students were divided into two groups according to education program as follows: Health Science students (HS) and Liberal Arts and Business students (LAB).Two students major groups-Health Science (n = 421) and Liberal Arts and Business (n = 457), were compared. 48.4% of the students were positive to euthanasia. The socio-demographic factors, including mother`s education level, family`s socio-economic background, religious belief and religiosity were seen to be influenced on attitudes towards euthanasia among the overall students. No significant difference regarding the acceptance of euthanasia between the Health Science majors and the Liberal Arts and Business majors. Mainly, 40% of the Muslim students are opposed to euthanasia, whereas 86.7% of the atheist students are the most in favour of euthanasia. The religion was selected as the most important reason for being negative to euthanasia. The results showed that resistance to euthanasia is apparently associated with demographics and non-scientific reasoning among Turkish undergraduate students

Ummuhan Bas Aslan; Ugur Cavlak

2007-01-01

147

[Asthma and rhinitis prevalence and co-morbidity in 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in the city of Fortaleza, Ceara State, Brazil].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This study aimed to measure the prevalence rates for asthma and rhinitis and the association between the two conditions. This was a cross-sectional study of 3,015 adolescents (13-14 years of age) in Fortaleza, Ceará State, Brazil, in public and private schools, using the protocol from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), in 2006-2007. Prevalence rates were 22.6% for asthma, 43.2% for rhinitis, and 18.7% for rhinoconjunctivitis, with a predominance of females (p = 0.002, p < 0.001, and p < 0/001, respectively) and private school students (p < 0.001). Among adolescents that reported asthma, the rhinitis rate was 64.4% and the rhinoconjunctivitis rate was 35.3%. The rates of association were 14.6% between asthma and rhinitis and 8% between asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis, with a predominance of females (p < 0.001 and p < 0.001, respectively) and associated with speech-limiting wheezing (p = 0.037 and p = 0.004, respectively). The study can help call health professionals' attention to the importance of an integrated approach to these illnesses, considering the "single airway" concept and seeking treatment options that act on both asthma and rhinitis when the two conditions present simultaneously.

Luna Mde F; Almeida PC; Silva MG

2011-01-01

148

Investigating Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease Based on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome phenotypes in the 18-14 year Old High School Girls in Shiraz 2009  

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Full Text Available Introduction: In patients with polycystic ovary syndrome hyperinsulinaemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia may represent an increased risk for coronary cardiovascular disease .This study aimed to investigate risk factors for cardiovascular disease based on polycystic ovary syndrome phenotypes in Shiraz. Methods: This Cross-sectional study was performed on 3200 students aged 18-14. Demographic survey, clinical signs of androgen excess (acne, hirsutism, alopecia), Ultrasound were applied in order to find the cyst. Tests included prolactin, dehydroepiandrodion sulfate, and oral glucose tolerance test, fasting blood glucose, blood sugar two hours later, triglycerides, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein. Data were submitted to SPSS software, version 11.5 and then analyzed by chi-square tests. Results: The serum cholesterol mean in four phenotypes had a statistically significant relationship with non-PCOS patients(p<0.05). Mean of serum cholesterol in oligomenorrhea, Hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary phenotype (195.09±30.28) was higher than the other phenotypes. Mean of serum cholesterol and low density lipoprotein(LDL-C) were significantly higher in patients with Hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovarian phenotype(130.046±26.27) and oligomenorrhea, Hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary syndrome phenotype(138.58±28.34) compared with non-infected individuals. Serum glucose mean in all phenotype was higher than non-infected after two hours and it showed a significant relation in oligomenorrhea and also polycystic ovarian phenotype(98.03 ± 20.98 versus 87.5±12.97) with non-infected individuals. Conclusion: Biochemical factors that lead to increased risk of cardiovascular diseases is increased in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Therefore, it should be attended in prevention programs

M Akbarzadeh; T Naderi; MH Dabbaghmaneh; HR Tabatabaee; Z Zareh

2012-01-01

149

Facebook addiction among Turkish college students: the role of psychological health, demographic, and usage characteristics.  

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This study explored Facebook addiction among Turkish college students and its behavioral, demographic, and psychological health predictors. The Facebook Addiction Scale (FAS) was developed and its construct validity was assessed through factor analyses. A total of 447 students reported their personal information and Facebook usage and completed the FAS and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). The results revealed that weekly time commitment, social motives, severe depression, and anxiety and insomnia positively predicted Facebook addiction. Neither demographic variables nor the interactions of gender by usage characteristics were found to be significant predictors. PMID:23286695

Koc, Mustafa; Gulyagci, Seval

2013-01-03

150

Turkish Middle School Students’ Difficulties in Learning Genetics Concepts  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to reveal middle school students’ difficulties in learning genetics concepts. Both quantitative and qualitative research approaches were used in the present study. Survey method was used to explore the students’ difficulties in conceptual and procedural level. An open-ended questionnaire was conducted to find out students’ difficulties in learning genetics. Moreover, basic interpretive qualitative research approach was used in the present study. Parallel with this approach, a semi-structured interview was conducted to find out the students’ difficulties comprehensively. The number of students that participated in this study was 128 from two elementary schools in Izmir-Turkey. The determined major difficulties in learning genetics were the function of cell and chromosome concepts. When we ask the functions of genetics concepts instead of their definition, most of the students had difficulty to explain the functions of these concepts. In general, students memorized the concepts of genetics. In addition to conceptual difficulties, some procedural difficulties in genetics were also explored. Regarding transfer of genetics information, when 62.6 % of the students answered the related question correctly, 41.6 % of the students did not develop true reasoning about this process. The difficulties related to teaching methods, textbooks, and mathematical expressions were other difficulties determined in this study.

Mustafa Sami TOPÇU; Esin ?AH?N-PEKMEZ

2009-01-01

151

Nursing students' perceptions about nursing care plans: a Turkish perspective.  

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This descriptive study was planned in order to assess self-perceived sufficiency levels of nursing students at preparing nursing care plans and also determine the effect of these plans on students' occupational development. Sample of the study was consisted of 55 nursing students who were taking oncological training. Data were collected by using Personal Information Form and Student Care Plan Evaluation Form. Non-parametric tests were used in data analysis. Students perceived themselves 'insufficient' although assessing reproductive neurological and cardiovascular systems, respectively, and also interpreting results of hemogram and urine tests. No significant difference was found between the initial and last nursing care plans prepared by the students during clinical training. Sixty % of students reported that preparing and implementing nursing care plans had favourable effects on their occupational development. Results suggest that students should be well prepared before clinical training programmes and also nursing care plans should be revised and used in more proper and practical ways in order to enhance students' occupational development. PMID:22257326

Can, Gulbeyaz; Erol, Ozgul

2012-02-01

152

Nursing students' perceptions about nursing care plans: a Turkish perspective.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This descriptive study was planned in order to assess self-perceived sufficiency levels of nursing students at preparing nursing care plans and also determine the effect of these plans on students' occupational development. Sample of the study was consisted of 55 nursing students who were taking oncological training. Data were collected by using Personal Information Form and Student Care Plan Evaluation Form. Non-parametric tests were used in data analysis. Students perceived themselves 'insufficient' although assessing reproductive neurological and cardiovascular systems, respectively, and also interpreting results of hemogram and urine tests. No significant difference was found between the initial and last nursing care plans prepared by the students during clinical training. Sixty % of students reported that preparing and implementing nursing care plans had favourable effects on their occupational development. Results suggest that students should be well prepared before clinical training programmes and also nursing care plans should be revised and used in more proper and practical ways in order to enhance students' occupational development.

Can G; Erol O

2012-02-01

153

Alcohol drinking behaviors among Turkish high school students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, behavioral patterns and correlates of regular alcohol drinking in high school students. This cross-sectional study involved the completion of a modified version of "Health Behavior in School Age Children" (HBSC 1997/1998) questionnaire by 4,153 grade 9-11 students from 26 randomly selected high schools in Istanbul. Chi-square test, Spearman correlation test and forward stepwise multiple logistic regression model were used for statistical analyses as appropriate. Overall, 61% of students were experimental drinkers, and 46% of the students were current drinkers. There was a significant difference between female and male students with respect to reporting current alcohol drinking at grade 9 and 11 (p > 0.05 for each comparison). Regular drinking was reported by 6% of students. Male students were more likely than female students to report regular drinking at each grade (p < 0.01 for each comparison). Nineteen percent of the students reported that they had been really drunk at least once during their lifetime. Malestudents were more likely than female students to report an occasion of drunkenness at each grade (p < 0.05 for each comparison). All types of drinking behavior rates tended to increase across grades for both genders (p < 0.05 for each comparison). In logistic regression analysis the following were all independently associated with regular drinking: being in grade 11, smoking cigarettes currently, lifetime drug use, bullying others, being sexually active, playing computer games > or = 4 h/week, exercising < or = 1 h/week, spending > or = four evenings with friends, at ease in talking to same gender friends, tiredness in the morning, perceived as good-looking/beautiful, higher educational level of the mother and perceived poor academic achievement. The results of this study showed that alcohol consumption is prevalent among high school students. There is therefore a need for school-based alcohol prevention programs which also deal with family and peer influences on drinking.

Alika?ifo?lu M; Erginöz E; Ercan O; Uysal O; Albayrak-Kaymak D; Ilter O

2004-01-01

154

Smoking at School: Views of Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available The recent interest in cigarette smoking among university students has brought attention to problems concerning opinions, attitudes, prevention, health education, policy formulation and implementation. This survey research tested five hypotheses on the views of college students about smoking in school hallways and cafeteria, compliance with anti smoking laws, considering cigarette smoking as an expression of freedom of choice, teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices, and school administration’s policy on enforcing the law. Hypothesized differences between students’ views on the issues according to gender, smoking status and years at school were investigated. Data were obtained from 3,659 students attending six universities in Ankara, Turkey. The study findings provided support for all the hypothesized differences (except a single issue). Males and females differed significantly on all the issues studied. The majority of nonsmoking students have anti-smoking views in regards of the studied issues as compared to regular and occasional smokers. Smokers and nonsmokers markedly disagree on banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria and hallways. However, the majority of students are against teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices with the doors open. Although most students want a smoke free environment, there is no active-anti smoking policy on smoking by universities. Findings point out the need for campus-wide effective smoking prevention programs, as well as cessation programs and services for the students.

Nazmiye Erdogan; Irfan Erdogan

2008-01-01

155

The Views of Student-Teachers Attending a Turkish University on Discrimination Related to the Education of Women  

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The current study aims to highlight how Turkish students perceive important issues such as discrimination against women, violence that surfaced as a result of discrimination, alienation, inequality between men and women and isolation of women from work life. A total of 50 students participated in the study. Individual interviews were conducted.…

Murat, Mehmet

2013-01-01

156

Food Attitudes towards Food Safety Concept among Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available This study investigated university students? food choices focusing on their reported usual intake and food safety perceptions and conducted at Manisa Celal Bayar University Engineering Faculty, Science and Art Faculty and Education Faculty students. The present study primary investigated how affects the storage style, manufacturing qualification, shelf life and food safety concept, advertisement effect on consuming, natural and fortificated foods to university students. Meanwhile, faculty differences, sex (male, female) and age differences, living area, family features (parent living style, education, brother and sister number etc.) of students were determined. In addition, consuming frequency of extensively consumed beverages (soft drinks, cola, tea, coffee, alcoholic drinks) and bread as main consuming food were investigated based on sex and faculty criteria as daily, weekly, monthly.

Nihat Aycan; Suat Türko?uz; Özlem Toku?o?lu

2005-01-01

157

Hepatitis B Knowledge Levels of Turkish Nursing and Midwifery Students  

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Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to determine knowledge levels of students in School of Health, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, and examine the influence of various factors on hepatitis B knowledge levels. Method: The study was conducted in the School of Health of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University between April and June 2009. All of the 296 students in the school were planned to be included in the study. Survey forms; prepared in the light of the data reported in the literature by investigators, and composed of 37 questions, were delivered to the students and they were asked to fill them out. 18.2% of the students couldn’t be reached. Thus, only 242 students (81.8%) were included in the study. Results: While 87.2% of the students expressed sexual intercourse as a transmission route of HBV, 67.4% mentioned perinatal route, 96.7% expressed blood and blood products, 79.8% mentioned use of common goods such as towel and toothbrush. 78.1% of the students did not consider breast milk as a transmission route for HPV, whereas fecal-oral route, handshake-hugging, and kissing were not known to be a way of transmission for HPV in 65.7%, 86.8%, and 56.2% of the study population, respectively. Mean level of hepatitis B knowledge among students was 69.8±19.4. Knowledge score of nursing students was 1.1 points higher than that of midwifery students and the difference between them was not significant. As the college year elevated, hepatitis B knowledge scores increased as well. Conclusion: Hepatitis B knowledge score of undergraduate students in Nursing and Midwifery Departments of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, was 69.8±19.4. Since hepatitis B knowledge score raises parallel to the elevation of college year, hepatitis B education should be provided in the first year. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2011; 10(2.000): 139-144

Ali Ozer; Meral Miraloglu; Hasan Cetin Ekerbicer; Nihal Aloglu; Firdevs Cevik; Mustafa Celik

2011-01-01

158

Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools  

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Full Text Available Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male) attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire. Results of the study showed that nonsmoking students reported the most favorable opinions toward the issues questioned, whereas occasional smokers and regular smokers reported the least favorable opinions. The highest level of disagreement by smokers and nonsmokers was provided for banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria. Students generally agreed on that teachers should not smoke in the classrooms and in their offices with doors open. Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies embracing indoors and outdoors and identification and use of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation programs and services.

Esra Keloglu-Isler; Irfan Erdogan

2007-01-01

159

A Study on the Factors That Affect Turkish Students' Reading Comprehension Skills  

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Full Text Available Most of us often seem to read a piece of text, but we usually ignore using essential reading strategies during reading process. Thus, in this study a great deal of information was given about effective reading strategies to comprehend a passage or any other reading material in both native and foreign language. This study aims to show the significance of reading comprehension and the factors that affect the reading comprehension of Turkish students who want to improve their proficiency while reading an English material. It has been discovered that especially third class students, whose test results were better than the others in both tests, are the ones who read much in Turkish as much as in English. According to their answers to the questions in the questionnaire, it was understood that these students are much more interested in reading than the others who failed. In general, the successful students have enough knowledge about the basic reading comprehension strategies. That is w y; they not only read faster but also understand better. Consequently, it can be concluded from the results given in the tables that if a foreign language learner likes reading and makes use of these strategies during reading activities, he/she can understand better and faster both in his native language and in English. The findings in this study are suggestive rather than definitive.

Aslan Y.

2011-01-01

160

Relationship of Internet addiction with impulsivity and severity of psychopathology among Turkish university students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The previous studies have found a relationship between IA and both impulsivity and psychopathology when they were considered separately. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of Internet addiction (IA) with impulsivity and severity of psychopathology among Turkish university students. We also wanted to control the effect of impulsivity dimensions on the relationship between IA and psychopathology. A total of 319 university students from two universities in Ankara participated to the study. Students were assessed through the Internet Addiction Scale (IAS), the Symptom Checklist-Revised (SCL-90-R) and the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11). Correlational analyses revealed that severity of IA was related to both SCL-90-R and BIS-11 scores. Among SCL-90-R subscales, severity of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) was the only predictor for IAS score. Hierarchical regression analysis indicated that interpersonal sensitivity, additional to attentional and motor impulsiveness, was the predictor of IAS score. Although severity of IA is associated with wide range of psychopathology, particularly OCS, interpersonal sensitivity seems to be the main dimension that predict severity of IAS additional to impulsiveness (attentional and motor). Impulsivity seems to be an important construct when considering IA and its treatment among Turkish university students.

Dalbudak E; Evren C; Topcu M; Aldemir S; Coskun KS; Bozkurt M; Evren B; Canbal M

2013-08-01

 
 
 
 
161

Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale in University Students  

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Full Text Available Objective: Perceptual aberration is an important dimension of schizotypy which has been considered as a clinical determinant of psychosis proneness. The present study aimed to explore the validity and the reliability of the Turkish version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale. Methods: Internal consistency of the Perceptual Aberration Scale was studied in 222 university students and for test-retest reliability, the scale was readministered to 105 students. Convergent validity of the scale was measured by the Magical Ideation Scale in 128 students.Results: The internal consistency of the scale was Cronbach’s alpha=0.90 and the test-retest reliability was r=0.59. The convergent validity of the scale was established by a significant correlation between the scores of the Magical Ideation Scale and the Perceptual Aberration Scale.Discussion: The Turkish version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale is a reliable instrument, which can be used to quantify the important dimension of schizotypy in university students. The scale should be validated in community-based samples and also the predictive validity of the scale should be investigated. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2009; 46 Supplement: 49-53)

Erguvan Tu?ba ÖZEL KIZIL; Meram CAN SAKA; ?pek GÖNÜLLÜ; Müge ARTAR; Bora BASKAK; M. Kaz?m YAZICI; Füsun ÇUHADARO?LU; Özden PALAO?LU; E. Cem ATBA?O?LU

2009-01-01

162

Dietary Habits and Body Composition of Turkish University Student  

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Full Text Available Nutritional status of university students is an indicator of health and well-being at both the individual and the population level. This study examines the diet and body constitution of university students in Turkey. 3 day diet recalls were collected, anthropometric and body composition measurements were made. The sample consisted of 57 male and 63 female students. Mean BMI was significantly lower in females than males (p<0.01). Significant differences between sexes were not found as regards total cholesterol and blood glucose. More than 50% of the respondents were meeting two thirds of the RDA for niacin, riboflavin, vitamin B6, vitamin C, phosphorus and zinc. The mean intakes of total energy, carbohydrate, protein, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, zinc, vitamin D, thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B6 and folate were higher in males compared with female students. This research provides important information regarding anthropometric assessment, the micronutrient and macronutrient intake of university students in Turkey. The results show the need to consider the limitations of the reference data when carrying out nutritional assessments.

N. Sanlier; N. Unusan

2007-01-01

163

Effect of aromatherapy massage on dysmenorrhea in Turkish students.  

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy massage on dysmenorrhea. The study used a quasiexperimental design with the subjects as their own control. Every participant applied both aromatherapy massage with lavender oil and placebo massage with odorless liquid petrolatum [soft paraffin]. The population comprised 438 midwifery and nursing students. The 150 students who had declared that they had suffered from dysmenorrhea used a visual analog scale to indicate their level of pain. Higher scores reflected a greater severity of dysmenorrhea. Forty-four students volunteered to participate in the study. When the lavender massage and the placebo massage were compared, the visual analog scale score of the lavender massage was found to decrease at a statistically significant rate. This study showed that massage was effective in reducing dysmenorrhea. In addition, this study showed that the effect of aromatherapy massage on pain was higher than that of placebo massage. PMID:23158705

Apay, Serap Ejder; Arslan, Sevban; Akpinar, Reva Balci; Celebioglu, Ayda

2010-09-15

164

Turkish Validity Examination of the Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale  

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The validation studies of the Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale (MSLSS) have been conducted with samples from different nations but mostly from western individualistic cultures. Life satisfaction and its constructs could differ depending on cultural characteristics and life satisfaction scales should be validated in different…

Irmak, Sezgin; Kuruuzum, Ayse

2009-01-01

165

Prevalence of depression among Turkish University Students and related factors  

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Full Text Available Objective: This investigation was performed to determine the prevalence rate of depression and its correlates in students at Erciyes University. Method: A total of 1003 university students at the Medical, Theology and Engineering Faculties of Erciyes University in Kayseri, Turkey were included in the study. A socio–demographic questionnaire and a Beck Depression Inventory were completed by the students. An unpaired t test, a one way ANOVA test and a logistic regression analysis were used for the statistical analyses. Results: Total numbers of male and female students in the study group were similar and the mean age was 20.3±1.8. The mean Back Depression Inventory Beck Depression Inventory score was 11.3±8.6 points and prevalence rate of depression (Beck Depression Inventory ?17) was 21.2%. The Mean Beck Depression Inventory score and depression prevalence were found higher among the students who had a physical illness, who were not satisfied with their body image or their faculty and who rated the economic level of their families as poor. Conclusion: It was concluded that approximately one–fifth of the students had depression. For the students, studying in a faculty which they are not satisfied is a major factor affecting depression. A better leadership should be provided for the students during the faculty selection procedure. Key Words: University student, depression, Beck Depression Inventory Üniversite ö?rencilerinde depresyon prevalans? ve ili?kili faktörler Amaç: Bu çal??ma, Erciyes Üniversitesi ö?rencilerinde depresyon prevalans?n? ve bununla ili?kili faktörleri belirlemek amac?yla yap?lm??t?r. Yöntem: Erciyes Üniversitesinin T?p, ?lahiyat ve Mühendislik fakültelerinde okuyan toplam 1003 ö?renci ara?t?rma kapsam?na al?nd?. Ö?rencilere sosyo-demografik anket ve Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i uyguland?. Verilerin istatistiksel analizinde unpaired t testi, tek yönlü ANOVA testi ve logistik regresyon analizi uyguland?. Bulgular: Ara?t?rma grubundaki erkek ve k?z ö?renci say?lar? birbirine yak?nd? ve ya? ortalamas? 20.3±1.8 olarak belirlendi. Ortalama BDÖ puan? 11.3±8.6 ve depresyon prevalans? (Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i puan? ?17) % 21.2 bulundu. Fiziksel hastal??? olanlarda, beden görünümünden memnun olmayanlarda, okudu?u fakülteden memnun olmayanlarda ve ailesinin ekonomik durumunu kötü olarak belirtenlerde ortalama Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i puan? ve depresyon prevalans? daha yüksek bulundu. Sonuç: Ö?rencilerin yakla??k be?te birinde depresyon vard?r. Ö?rencilerin, ho?lanmad??? bir fakültede okumalar? depresyon s?kl???n? etkileyen en önemli faktörlerden biridir. Fakülte seçimi s?ras?nda ö?rencilere daha iyi rehberlik hizmeti sa?lanmal?d?r. Anahtar Kelimeler: Üniversite ö?rencisi, depresyon, Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i

Osman Gunay; Fatma Akpinar; Serpil Poyrazoglu; Haci Aslaner

2011-01-01

166

The Role of University Education in Changing the Gender Role Perceptions of Turkish ELT Student Teachers  

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Full Text Available Despite recent improvements in demographics and educational outcomes, it is still the case that traditional expectations and attitudes toward gender roles in the Turkish society have been preserved to a great extent. Given this current position of Turkey in terms of gender issues, the transformative power of education, especially of teachers, could be emphasized more strongly at all levels of education. Therefore, it is important that teachers are trained to identify and counter gender bias to help fight the problem of sexism prevalent in the country. The purpose of this study was to compare the gender role perceptions and gender role classifications of first-year and fourth year English language teaching (ELT) student teachers and to identify any difference between the two groups. The sample (N=204) for the present study was obtained from a large state university in western Turkey. Gender role orientation was assessed with the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI, Bem 1974). Findings have indicated that male student teachers still have a traditional perspective on gender roles and that university education does not seem to have a role in changing their existing value judgments in relation to gender. On the other hand, Turkish female students have adopted a more masculine gender role within the four years of their university education. Implications are included for teacher education institutions in Turkey.

?rem KIZILASLAN; ?nan Öner D?KTA?

2011-01-01

167

STUDENTS‘ PERCEPTIONS OF CHANGE READINESS OF A TURKISH EDUCATION FACULTY REGARDING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES  

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Full Text Available A recent study investigated the degree of involvement in new teaching and learning methods by the academic staff of a large privileged Turkish state university, and revealed that faculties of education and open education were better in terms of change readiness than other faculties. The current study builds on that study, and investigates the involvement of the institution and teaching staff in technology integration from observers’ perspectives through administering a personal information form and a 31-item Likert questionnaire to 475 senior students of the Faculty of Education. Findings revealed that what were reported by instructors in the previous study seem somewhat different from what is being reported by their students in the current study. More specifically, students found their instructors and the infrastructure of the faculty quite inadequate in terms of the integration of information and communication technologies (ICT) within classroom settings. Implications and suggestions regarding the integration process are provided.

Yavuz AKBULUT

2009-01-01

168

APPROACHES IN INVESTIGATING ROMANIA’S IMAGE AS A TOURIST DESTINATION AMONG THE TURKISH STUDENTS  

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Full Text Available The image of the tourist destination plays an essential role in the decision making process regarding the choice of a holiday. Image has a crucial role in the success of the destination because it influences the consumers’ satisfaction and helps in drawing up a promotion strategy for the positioning/repositioning on a certain market, branding/rebranding the tourist destination. Information from different sources contribute to the formation of the image of a certain destination, information which can be distributed into: the promotion performed by the destination; the other’s opinions (direct or indirect); mass-media and the popular culture. We intended to investigate Romania’s image a a tourist destination among the Turkish students. The results showed that the students had very poor knowledge of our country.

Olimpia BAN; Osman N. ÖZDOGAN

2010-01-01

169

Exploration of the Attitudes of Freshman Foreign Language Students toward Using Computers at a Turkish State University  

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The present study expands the design of Warschauer (1996) surveying freshman foreign language students at a Turkish university. Motivating aspects of computer assisted instruction in terms of writing and e-mailing are explored through an exploratory factor analysis conducted on the survey developed by Warschauer (1996). Findings suggest that…

Akbulut, Yavuz

2008-01-01

170

The role of culture and self-construal in autobiographical memories of US and Turkish college students.  

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This study examined memory variables both cross-culturally and across four cultural self-construal types. US (N=240) and Turkish (N=174) college students described their earliest childhood memory, and another significant childhood memory, and completed the Balanced Integration-Differentiation (BID) Scale (Imamoglu, 1998; 2003), which measured relatedness and individuation, and allowed for the classification of students into four different self-construal types (Related-Individuated, Separated-Individuated, Related-Patterning, Separated-Patterning). At the cultural level US students' earliest memories were dated approximately 6 months earlier, had greater volume, and were more positive. US students also reported memories as more important. Turkish students' memories had more detail, a higher proportion of propositions, self-, other- and we-related words, and higher other-self ratios, and they were clearer than those of US students. Turkish students also reported greater ease in describing their earliest memory in words. At the level of self-construal the primary differences were between students high in both relatedness and individuation and those low in both. The culture by BID interaction was significant in only 1 of the more than 24 analyses. PMID:23452078

Sahin, Basak; Mebert, Carolyn J

2013-03-01

171

Clínica y epidemiología de las infecciones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años/ Clinics and Epidemiology of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Introducción: las infecciones respiratorias agudas altas o bajas constituyen un complejo sindrómico que agrupa entidades clínicas con gran diversidad epidemiológica y de agentes causales, lo cual hace difícil su prevención y control. Objetivo: realizar un estudio clínico-epidemiológico de las infecciones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años. Material y método: se realizó una investigación observacional, analítica, de casos-controles en cuatro consul (more) torios de tipo I pertenecientes al policlínico Raúl Sánchez del municipio Pinar del Río en el período febrero/2010-octubre/2011. El universo estuvo conformado por los pacientes que acudieron a los consultorios, asignándose al grupo estudio (casos) aquellos con infección respiratoria aguda de 0-14 años de edad (n=272) y por cada paciente del grupo estudio se seleccionó uno de la misma edad sin la enfermedad atendido posteriormente (controles). Resultados: las infecciones respiratorias altas fueron las más frecuentes (88,2 %) y dentro de ellas el catarro común; la edad 5-14 años la más afectada (63,2 %), los síntomas más frecuentes: secreción nasal (56,3%), fiebre (48,8%) y tos (40%); los factores de riesgo individuales más importantes: no lactancia materna exclusiva (OR=4,6) y peso Abstract in english Introduction: acute upper and low respiratory tract infections constitute a complex of various illnesses that group clinical entities having a great diversity of epidemiological and underlying agents, which difficult the processes of prevention and control. Objective: to carry out a clinical-epidemiological study of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old. Material and method: an observational, analytical of case-control research in four type-1 doc (more) tor’s offices belonging to “Raul Sanchez” outpatient clinic in Pinar del Rio municipality during February 2010-October 2011. The target group involved the patients attending to the doctor’s offices, assigning to the study-group (cases) those suffering from acute respiratory tract infections from 0-14 years old (n=272) and per each patient who comprised the study-group one of the same ages not including the disease was subsequently chosen (control group). Results: upper respiratory infections were the most frequent (88,2%) and among them common flu; the most affected ages were from 5-14 (63,2%), and the most repeated symptoms: nasal secretions (56,3%), fever (48,8%) and cough (40%); the most important risk factors: not exclusive breast feeding (OR=4,6) and

Oliva González, Yamilka; Piloto Morejón, Manuel; Iglesias Gómez, Paulina

2013-02-01

172

Eating habits and lifestyle in a group Turkish primary education children  

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Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of child obesity is increasing rapidly worldwide as well as Turkey due to skipped main meals and increased snacking. The objectives were to study the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in a group of Turkish children, and to analyze the relationship between eating habits and lifestyle and obesity. Methods: The study was carried out in 6 schools in urban regions in the city of Eskisehir, Western Turkey between February and May2008. Atotal of 1421 students aged 7 - 14 years (708 boys and 713 girls) were examined. Eating habits and life-style were obtained by evaluation of a standard set of 15 questions prepared using the literature. Results: Most obese students reported having a snack in the afternoon, not spending at least five hours of leisure time per week in physical activities, being high income level, that their mother’ education level was university, eating less fruits, eating less vegetables, having more dessert after any meal, eating more potato chips, watching television more, living a physically active life less, less breast feeding, that their father consumed alcohol, that their father was overweight/ obese, their mother wase overweight/obese (statistically important relationships for each one). Conclusions: A small portion of 7 - 14-year-old Turkish children are at increased health risk owing to overweight and obesity in an urban po- pulation in a developing country.

Nazan Erenoglu; Unal Ayranci; Osman Son

2013-01-01

173

[The parental bonding instrument: evaluation of psychometric properties with Turkish university students].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI) for Turkish university students. METHOD: A total of 336 (% 61.5) female and 211 (%38.5) male students attending Ankara and Pamukkale Universities participated in the study. The mean age of the participants is 21.55 (SD=1.65) with a range of 18-26. The construct validity is examined by exploratory factor analysis; the criterion related validity is assessed by examining the correlation of the PBI with two instruments namely "The Parental Attitude Research Instrument (PARI)" and "The Parenting Style Inventory (PSI)". The reliability of the PBI was assessed by Cronbach's Alpha, test-retest and split-half reliability statistics. RESULTS: The factor analysis for Turkish university students yielded two factor solutions for both parents as original PBI. Nevertheless the items related to the controlling behaviors are loaded on the care factor instead of the overprotection as found by Parker et. al. (1979). Thus these two factors are named as care/control and overprotection subscales. Additionaly, PBI is found to demonstrate generally a high level of correlations with PARI and PSI supporting criterion-related validity. Finally, the reliability studies of the PBI demonstrated that it is a highly reliable scale and showed stability for a period of three weeks interval. CONCLUSION: The psychometric properties of the PBI is found to be satisfactory and could be used to assess parental attachment. It is suggested that further studies may illuminate the clinical value of the PBI and quantify parental contribution to psychopathology.

Kapçi EG; Küçüker S

2006-01-01

174

A balanced de novo inv(7)(p14.3q22.3) disrupting PDE1C and ATXN7L1 in a 14-year old developmentally delayed boy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We report a 14 year old male patient ascertained for developmental delay, carrying a de novo pericentric inversion on chr(7)(p14.3q22.3). Sequencing revealed that the breakpoints overlap a LTR sequence on 7q22.3 and a LINE on 7p14.3. A TTTAAA motif was found in proximity of the breakpoints on both arms. In addition the sequencing detected several small micro-rearrangements, deletion, duplication, insertion, at the breakpoints. No significant sequence identity exists between the 7p14.3 and 7q22.3 breakpoints. These features at the breakpoint junctions suggest that the inversion was triggered by the TTTAAA motif, LTR and LINE and healed by a Non Homologous End Joining (NHEJ) mechanism. The genes ATXN7L1 and PDE1C are disrupted by the inversion. PDE1C is responsible for the hydrolysis of the second messenger molecules cAMP and cGMP and is highly expressed in the human heart and certain brain regions. In mice, Pde1c is expressed in migrating neuronal cells within the central nervous system during early embryo development. Although neuronal migration disorder was not seen in our patient, this is the first patient described with haploinsufficiency of PDE1C possibly causing developmental delay.

Gamage TH; Misceo D; Fannemel M; Frengen E

2013-07-01

175

Writing Anxiety of Turkish Students: Scale Development and the Working Procedures in Terms of Various Variables  

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Full Text Available This study was undertaken to develop a Writing Anxiety Scale that will assess and identify the state of writing anxiety in the primary education students. The process of creating the scale of the study in Sakarya studying in primary schools with 774 students carried out after the second stage, developed primary school students was administered to 480 scale. In this research construct validity, internal consistency and item-total correlations were examined. As a result of factor analysis for construct validity, one factor has emerged consist of 19 items, and account for the 30.5 % of the total variance. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the one-factor model fitted the data (x2=557.54, sd=151, p=0.00). Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the three-factor model fitted the data RMSEA=.059, CFI=.92, IFI=.92, GFI=.93, AGFI=.91 and SRMR=.050. The internal consistencies were .80 for entire scale. Findings also demonstrated that item-total correlations ranged from .30 to .52. According to these findings the Writing Anxiety Scale can be named as a valid and reliable instrument that could be used in the field of education. After the scale was developed in Sakarya studying in primary schools with 480 students carried out. Students receive their scores from Writing Anxiety Scale, the arithmetic mean and standard deviations were considered to be taken into consideration. In order to identify the effect of individual variables, t-test, one-way analysis of variance and LCD tests were used. Analysis showed that the variables of Turkish love of course, class, family income level, a number of books read per month and the smoothness of handwriting attended by students resulted in significant differences in student perceptions whereas the variable of gender did not affect the perceptions of students.

Havva YAMAN

2010-01-01

176

The Relationship Between Caloric Beverage Consumption and Body Mass Index in Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available The goal of this study was to correlate caloric beverage consumption (amount and type) and body mass index (BMI) in Turkish university students. Subjects (600 men and 593 women) were recruited from 3 public and 3 private universities in Ankara, Turkey. In each subject, socio demographic information was reviewed, a 3-day 24-hour dietary record was evaluated, body weight and height were measured, and BMI was calculated. Multi variate regression models were used to determine the independent relationship of caloric beverage consumption with BMI. The younger male subjects drank significantly more total caloric beverages than did the younger female subjects did. Caloric soft drinks were the beverage of choice among subjects, after which fluid milk, fruit drinks, and 100% fruit juices were preferred. No significant associations were noted between the BMI of the subjects and their intake of caloric beverages. Caloric beverage consumption accounted for 1% or less of the explained variance in BMI.

Efsun Karabudak; Gul Kiziltan

2008-01-01

177

Determination of the Turkish primary students' views about the particulate nature of matter  

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Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine 4th, 5th, and 6th grade Turkish primary students’ conceptions about the particulate nature of matter via a test. The test consists of 36 items related to the changes of microscopic properties of solid, liquid and gas matters during phase changing, cooling, heating and pressing of them. The sample of the study consists of 411 students, 139 of them are from grade 4, 121 of them are from grade 5 and 151 of them are from grade 6. The answers given to test have shown that the understanding levels of students in all grades about the microscopic properties of matter are quite low; they had little knowledge or misconceptions about the microscopic properties of the particles such as the order of the particles, spaces between particles, the number of particles, the size of particles and the movement of the particles; and progression of students’ conceptions on the particulate nature of matter is multifaceted.

Haluk ÖZMEN; Osman KENAN

2007-01-01

178

Respiratory health symptoms among students exposed to different levels of air pollution in a Turkish city.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In this study, we aimed to investigate the frequency of respiratory health symptoms among high school students attending schools at industrial, urban and rural areas in a Turkish city. Three schools located in different zones of the city having different pollution characteristics were chosen based on the pollutant distribution maps using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) software. A cross-sectional survey was performed among 667 high school students in the schools. Outdoor and indoor nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)) and ozone (O(3)) concentrations were also measured by passive samplers in the same schools to investigate possible routes of exposure. Chronic pulmonary disease (OR = 1.49; 95%CI: 1.11-1.99; p = 0.008), tightness in the chest (OR = 1.57; 95%CI: 1.22-2.02; p = 0.001), morning cough (OR = 1.81 95%CI: 1.19-2.75; p = 0.006) were higher among students in the industrial zone where nitrogen dioxide and ozone levels were also highest. There were no indoor sources of nitrogen dioxide and ozone exists in the schools except for the dining hall. As a conclusion, this study has noticed that air pollution and respiratory health problems among high school students are high in industrial zones and the use of passive samplers combined with GIS is an effective tool that may be used by public health researchers to identify pollutant zones and persons at risk.

Gül H; Gaga EO; Dö?ero?lu T; Özden Ö; Ayvaz Ö; Özel S; Güngör G

2011-04-01

179

Microinvasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix in a 14-year-old adolescent: case report and literature review/ Carcinoma microinvasor do colo uterino em paciente de 14 anos: relato de caso e revisão da literatura  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: O câncer do colo uterino é raro na adolescência, apresentando taxas de incidência de 0/100.000 adolescentes com idade entre 10 a 19 anos e de 1,7/100.000 mulheres com idade entre 20 e 24 anos. Entretanto, vários estudos mostram a incidência crescente das lesões pré-neoplásicas em idade cada vez menores. RELATO DE CASO: Este artigo relata um caso de carcinoma microinvasor do colo uterino em paciente de 14 anos com menarca aos 10 anos e a primeira relaç? (more) ?o aos 12 anos. Com este relato objetivamos alertar a comunidade médica, principalmente ginecologistas e pediatras, para a prevenção do carcinoma cervical entre adolescentes com vida sexual ativa. Além da realização de projetos educativos que divulguem a finalidade do exame citopatológico, o uso de preservativos e o controle do número de parceiros sexuais. Abstract in english CONTEXT: Cancer of the uterine cervix is rare during adolescence. The reported rates are 0/100,000 adolescents aged 10 to 19 years and 1.7/100,000 women aged 20 to 24 years. However, several studies have shown increasing incidence of preneoplastic lesions at increasingly early ages. CASE REPORT: This paper reports a case of microinvasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix in a 14-year-old patient with menarche at 10 years of age and first coitus at 12 years of age. The objec (more) tive of the present report was to alert gynecologists and pediatricians regarding the need for cervical carcinoma prevention among sexually active adolescents, based on educational programs that explain the purpose of colpocytological examinations and encourage their use, along with condom use and limitation of the number of sexual partners.

Gonçalves, Carla Vitola; Quintana, Silvana Maria; Marcolin, Alessandra Cristina; Duarte, Geraldo; Costa, Juvenal Soares Dias da; Karam, Fabine; Bianchi, Mônia Steigleder

2009-05-01

180

Repercussões da gravidez em adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos em contexto de vulnerabilidade social/ Impact of pregnancy on at-risk, 10-14 year-old adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Com o objetivo de identificar as repercussões ocorridas na vida de adolescentes que engravidaram entre 12 e 14 anos, em contexto de vulnerabilidade social, foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas e aplicados mapas de redes com 10 participantes, quando o filho estava entre um e três anos de idade. Os dados foram analisados qualitativamente, a partir da Teoria Fundamentada Empiricamente, de Anselm Strauss e Juliet Corbin. Os resultados evidenciaram que, após a exp (more) eriência de gravidez e da maternidade, as adolescentes desenvolveram maior responsabilidade por sua vida reprodutiva e reformularam projetos, valorizando mais os estudos, apesar das dificuldades para retomá-los. O relacionamento com os parceiros caracterizou-se pela união estável, destacando-se a importância destes e das mães das adolescentes em seu processo de adaptação. Abstract in english Aiming to identify the effects occurring in the lives of adolescents who became pregnant between 12 and 14 years old in a context of social vulnerability, we conducted semi-structured interviews and used network maps with 10 participants when their children were between 1 and 3 years old. The data were analyzed qualitatively, from the Empirically Grounded Theory of Anselm Strauss and Juliet Corbin. The results showed that after the experience of pregnancy and motherhood, (more) adolescents developed greater responsibility for their reproductive lives and reviewed some future projects, giving more value to the studies, despite the difficulties to resume them. The relationship with partners was characterized by getting more stable, highlighting the importance of adolescents' partners and mothers in their adjustment process.

Farias, Rejane de; Moré, Carmen Ojeda Ocampo

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

What are the Main Sources of Turkish EFL Students’ Anxiety in Oral Practice?  

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Full Text Available This study was designed in order to investigate two potential sources of the anxiety of Turkish learners of English in oral practice:1) an individual student’s fear of negative evaluation, and 2) his/her self-perceived speaking ability. A total of 55 first year students enrolling in Anadolu University, Education Faculty, ELT Department participated in the study. A 55-item multiple-choice survey was administered to the participants in a regular classroom hour. The survey consisted of five parts: Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE), Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS), Self-Rating Can-Do Scale (SR-CDS), Self-Rating for the Current Level of Study (SR-CL), Self-Rating Perception by the English (SR-EPE). The Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analyses were run for the statistical interpretation of the data. To achieve valid and reliable results, 15 students were also randomly chosen to conduct an interview in order to find out their reasons for being anxious in using English. The students’ responses given to the survey were probed to have a better understanding of sources leading to high anxiety. The results of the study indicated a positive correlation between an individual’s fear of negative evaluation and his/her anxiety level. Moreover, the findings of the current study revealed that there were significant negative relationships between anxiety and three of self-ratings; SR-CDS, SR-CL and SR-EPE. In addition, it was showed that among the FNE and the three self-ratings of English speaking ability, the combination of the FNE, the SR-CL and SR-CDS was the most appropriate model of predictors of anxiety level of this sample. Finally, the analysis of interview data provided valuable information about the main sources of the students’ anxiety in oral practice such as: personal reasons, teachers’ manners, teaching procedures, and previous experience.

Gonca Suba??

2010-01-01

182

A New Group about Teaching Turkish to Foreigners: Refugees and Refugee Students  

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|In today's world for countries, teaching language and communication became an important issue for making these countries' cultures spread and making them powerful and effective in the global world. A way to make Turkey effective and well known is teaching Turkish and Turkish culture refugees are important opportunity for this. This study is one…

Arslan, Akif

2011-01-01

183

THE COOPERATION AND DETERMINATION OF PERSONAL INTEGRATION LEVELS OF TURKISH STUDENTS ACCORDING TO THEIR SPORTS PARTICIPATION LEVEL  

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Full Text Available The aim of this research is to determine and the personal integration levels of Turkish students who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and who not doing sports living in Germany. This research includes 440 students studying in schools determined by Republic of Turkey, Embassy of Munich, Office of Education Attache who inhabit in Munich and its surroundings and who are between 13 and 16 age, doing sports and not doing sports. In this research, “Personal Information Form” and “ Hacettepe Personality Inventory” were used as data gathering tool. As a result of research, if averages of Hacettepe Personality Inventory (HPI) subscale point are analyzed in terms of sex,age and type of school, it is apparent that points of students who doing sports are higher than the points of students who not doing sport; in other words students who doing sports are more adaptable than the students who not doing sports.

Emin KURU; Sava? DUMAN

2010-01-01

184

AN EXAMINATION OF TURKISH HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES TOWARD PHYSICAL EDUCATION WITH REGARD TO GENDER AND GRADE LEVEL  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine gender and grade differences in Turkish high school students’ attitudestoward physical education. Participants consisted of 1604 (807 girls and 797 boys) voluntary 9, 10 and 11th grade (6169th graders, 534 10th graders and 454 11th graders) students (X Age=15.67±1.19) attending three public high schools incentral Ankara in Turkey. Attitudes toward Physical Education and Sport Scale which was developed by Demirhan andAltay (13) was used. The Attitudes toward Physical Education and Sport Scale was administered to high school studentsby first author in 2008-2009 spring semester. Independent Samples t- test was employed to investigate genderdifferences and ANOVA was employed to investigate grade level differences on The Attitudes toward PhysicalEducation and Sport Scale total score. The findings showed that the Turkish high school students’ attitudes towardphysical education were neutral and it did not change according to gender and grade level. Students experience positivecognitive and affective outcomes as a result of their participation to physical education classes. To ensure children aremotivated to participate in physical education, physical education teachers should obtain opportunities for all students toexperienced achievement regardless of their talent.

Erturan Ilker G.; Arslan Y.; Demirhan G.

2011-01-01

185

Concordancia entre observadores en la detección por palpación de bocio en población escolar de 6 a 14 años/ Interobserver Agreement in Detecting Goitre in a School Population between 6 and 14 years old  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Fundamento: Estimar la concordancia entre observadores en la detección de bocio por palpación manual en la población escolar. Métodos. Durante un periodo de 5 meses durante el curso escolar 2001/2002 se estudió la presencia de bocio en una muestra representativa de 845 escolares de 6 a 14 años de 18 colegios de una Área de Salud de la Comunidad Valenciana. La exploración fue realizada de forma enmascarada por dos observadores (siempre los mismos). El tamaño tiroi (more) deo se estableció en seis grados (OA, OB, I, II, III y IV). Se consideró bocio a partir del grado OB inclusive. La concordancia se valoró en relación a variables como edad, sexo, masa corporal, y día de exploración. Se utilizó el índice kappa ponderado como medida de concordancia. Resultados. La prevalencia global de bocio fue del 40,4% según el observador 1º y de 36,8% para el 2º. La concordancia entre observadores tuvo un índice kappa de 0,83 (IC95% 0,78 - 0,88) y fue similar en relación al sexo, la masa corporal y el día de exploración. Según la edad de los niños: de 6 a 7 años (kappa 0,80; IC95% 0,69-0,91) de 12 a 14 años (kappa 0,85; IC95% 0,72 - 0,97). Conclusiones. Los observadores consiguieron una concordancia muy alta en la detección de bocio por palpación manual. La edad del niño influyó en el grado de concordancia con mayor dificultad en los más pequeños. Abstract in english Background: To estimate the agreement between observers on the detection of goitre by palpation in the school population because it is considered a variability test. Methods: For five months, during 2001/2002, the presence of goitre was studied in across-section sample of 845 school children (for 6 to 14 years old) from 18 school centres in a Health Area in Valentian Community. The exploration was always carried out by the same two observers. The thyroid size was establis (more) hed in 6 degrees. It was considered goitre since 0B inclusive. The agreement was assessed in relation to age, sex, IBM, and the exploration date. The Kappa Index was used as a measure of agreement. Results: The global prevalence of goitre was 40,4% according to the first observer and 36,8% to the second one. The agreement between observers was high, with a Kappa Index of 0.83 and it was similar in relation to sex, IBM, and the exploration date. It was smaller in the youngest children (six and seven years old) than in the oldest ones (from 12 to 14). Conclusions: An excellent interobserver agreement in clinic assessment of goitre by palpation in a school children population was achieved. The least concordance was seen in youngest group. It would be advisable to include the study of agreement in the protocol of endemic goitre study.

Peris Roig, Begoña; Merchante Alfaro, Agustín Ángel; Tenias Burillo, José María; Atienzar Herráez, Nieves; Calvo Rigual, Fernando; López García, Mª José

2009-04-01

186

Cefalometría lateral de Ricketts en adolescentes de 12 a 14 años con oclusión normal, 2001-2003 Rickett´s lateral cephalometry in 12-14 years-old adolescents with normal occlusion, 2001-2003  

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Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, transversal en niños de 12 a 14 años de edad del área de salud perteneciente a la Clínica Estomatológica Docente "Ormani Arenado", en el período comprendido de julio de 2001 a julio de 2003, con el objetivo de describir el comportamiento de las normas cefalométricas del análisis lateral de Ricketts. El universo estuvo constituido por 1 683 niños matriculados en los centros de educación primaria y secundaria de dicha área de salud, de los cuales se obtuvo una muestra por factibilidad de 50 niños (21 masculinos y 29 femeninos) con oclusión normal, sin antecedentes de haber recibido tratamiento ortodóncico. Se examinaron los niños objeto de estudio y se analizaron las variables: edad, sexo, medidas del cefalograma lateral de Ricketts y biotipo facial. El análisis estadístico se realizó mediante tablas de distribución de frecuencia, estadígrafos de tendencia central, de dispersión y coeficiente de correlación de Pearson. Se obtuvo que existió coincidencia en el comportamiento del crecimiento mandibular con lo propuesto por Ricketts en los grupos de edad de 12 y 14 años, mientras que en el de 13 años, se observó un retrognatismo mandibular. Además, se pusieron de manifiesto las características de protrusión maxilar, mesogresión, vestibuloversión de incisivos y protrusión labial marcadas en la muestra estudiada. Se observó una elevada correlación entre las distintas variables que determinan el biotipo facial. En la distribución biotipológica el patrón más representado fue el mesofacial, seguido por el dolicofacial. Se concluye que existieron variaciones en nuestra población en cuanto a las medidas del cefalograma lateral propuesto por Ricketts que representa el estándar internacional.A descriptive cross-sectional study of 12-14 years-old adolescents from the health care area cared for by "Ormani Arenado" teaching dental clinic was carried out from July 2001 to July 2003, with the objective of describing the behavior of Rickett´s lateral analysis cephalometric standards. The universe of study was composed by 1 683 children studying in elementary and junior high schools of the said health care area, from whom a sample of 50 children (21 males and 29 females) with normal occlusion and no history of prior orthodontic treatment was taken by a feasibility method. The children under study were examined on the basis of the following variables: age, sex, Rickett´s lateral cephalogram measures and facial biotype. The statistical analysis was based on frequency distribution tables, central tendency stadigraph, dispersion tables and Pearson´s correlation coefficient. It was found that the behavior of jaw development matched with Rickett´s standards in 12 y and 14 y age groups whereas the 13-y age group showed mandible retrognathism. Maxillary protrusion, mesogression, vestibuloversion of incisors and lip protrusion were marked characteristics observed in the studied samples. There was high correlation among the variables determining the facial biotype. The mesofacial pattern followed by the dolichofacial pattern prevailed in biotypological distribution. It was concluded that some variations were observed in our population in comparison with Rickett´s lateral cephalogram measures that represent the international standard.

Zoila Rosa Podadera Valdés; Francisco Luis Rodríguez Díaz; Teddy Osmín Tamargo Barbeito; Santa González Corrales

2004-01-01

187

An investigation of students’ life satisfaction and loneliness level in a sample of Turkish students  

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Full Text Available This study investigated the correlation between the life satisfaction and loneliness levels of students of Faculty of Education with respected to age and gender variables. The participants are students at the Educational Faculty of Çukurova University in Adana/Turkey. The sample consists of 422 students, 223 female and 199 male. Their life satisfaction and loneliness levels were measured by the "UCLA Loneliness Scale" and "Life Satisfaction Scale", also "Personal Information Form" is used to gather personal information. To analyze data, t-test, one-way ANOVA, stepwise regression and correlation statistical techniques are used. The research findings show that the male students' loneliness level is higher than the female students' loneliness level. There is no significant difference found between male and female students' life satisfaction. Beside, the correlation between age and loneliness level shows that, loneliness level is increased with the increase of age. However, there is a negative correlation between life satisfaction and loneliness level. Based on research findings, researchers suggest that the psychological counseling and guidance services of university must be functionalized and improved to increase students' life satisfaction and to decrease loneliness level.

Songül Tümkaya; Birsel Aybek

2008-01-01

188

A Comparative Study of the Effects of a Concept Mapping Enhanced Laboratory Experience on Turkish High School Students' Understanding of Acid-Base Chemistry  

Science.gov (United States)

|The research reported here consists of the introduction of an intervention based on a series of laboratory activities combined with concept mapping. The purpose of this intervention was to enhance student understanding of acid-base chemistry for tenth grade students' from two classes in a Turkish high school. An additional aim was to enhance…

Ozmen, Haluk; Demircioglu, Gokhan; Coll, Richard K.

2009-01-01

189

A Comparative Study of the Effects of a Concept Mapping Enhanced Laboratory Experience on Turkish High School Students' Understanding of Acid-Base Chemistry  

Science.gov (United States)

The research reported here consists of the introduction of an intervention based on a series of laboratory activities combined with concept mapping. The purpose of this intervention was to enhance student understanding of acid-base chemistry for tenth grade students' from two classes in a Turkish high school. An additional aim was to enhance…

Ozmen, Haluk; Demircioglu, Gokhan; Coll, Richard K.

2009-01-01

190

Examination of psychometric properties of the Turkish version form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire in university students  

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Full Text Available Objective: It is aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Turkish form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ) in this study. Method: The participants of the study are constituted by 491 university students studying in Sakarya University Education Faculty in 2011-2012 education year. All of the participants were subjected to the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ) and randomly selected 173 participants were subjected to the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Life Orientation Test (LOT), Positive-Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) and Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS) besides (OHQ). Firstly, linguistic equivalence of the scale was examined. After ensuring the linguistic equivalence, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis methods were used to examine the structural validity of OHQ and for criterion related validity, the correlations of OHQ with other measuring methods used within the study were checked. The reliability of OHQ was examined with composite reliability, internal consistency and split-half methods. Findings: According to exploratory factor analysis results, a structure whose eigen value was 8.3 and which explained 29.84% of total variance was obtained. It was seen that the factor loads of the scale varied between 0.32 and 0.77. The findings obtained as a result of confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the one-factor structure of the scale was retained in the sample comprising Turkish university students. As a result of the analysis for criterion related validity, significant relations were found between OHQ and other measuring means evaluating happiness and optimism. In structural reliability analysis, Cronbach alpha internal consistency coefficient of OHQ was found 0.91 and reliability coefficient obtained with test half-life method was found 0.86 and composite reliability of the scale was found 0.91. Conclusion: The findings obtained in this study indicate that Turkish form of OHQ has a one-factor structure and this form can be used as a valid and reliable measuring means in evaluating happiness in university students.

tayfun dogan; fatma sapmaz

2012-01-01

191

THE EFFECT OF A FIGURE WHERE SYMMETRY USED IN TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS IS APPLIED ON WRITING SKILLS OF TURKISH LANGUAGE AND PRIMARY MATHEMATICS TEACHING 1ST GRADE STUDENTS  

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Full Text Available With this study, it is aimed to afford an artistic development for science of mathematics with using literary language and learn with associating visual themes and imaginariness in essays. In the study, different written expression works, which are composed about same symmetric figure, of first grade preservice teachers of Turkish Language and Mathematics Teaching are compared.This study will put forth the grasp of communication skill of preservice students who are implementers of new program of Turkish and Mathematics lesson used from 2005 and in which the importance of this skill is emphasized. Also this study will contribute education of preservice students henceforwards.

Özlem BAYRAK CÖMERT; Mine AKTA?

2011-01-01

192

English and Turkish pupils’ understanding of decomposition  

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Full Text Available This study aimed to describe seventh grade English and Turkish students’ levels of understanding of decomposition. Data were analyzed descriptively from the students’ written responses to four diagnostic questions about decomposition. Results revealed that the English students had considerably higher sound understanding and lower no understanding than the Turkish students while the he Turkish students’ level of misunderstanding of decomposition was lower than those of the English students. The English and Turkish students’ responses tended to show similar partial understanding in explaining decomposition. Difference between levels of understandings was significant according to result of chi-square test.

Gülcan ÇET?N

2007-01-01

193

Asma em escolares de 13 e 14 anos do Município de Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: estimativas de prevalência, gravidade e diferenças de gênero/ Asthma in 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in the city of Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil: prevalence, severity, and gender differences  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever a prevalência, a gravidade e os sintomas associados à asma e sua relação com o gênero em escolares de 13 e 14 anos do Município de Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Trata-se de estudo transversal, no qual se utilizou o questionário escrito auto-aplicável para asma do International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Participaram 3.033 escolares de 37 escolas públicas e privadas selecionadas aleatoriamente. (more) A prevalência de sibilância alguma vez na vida foi de 26% e nos últimos 12 meses (asma atual) de 11,7%, sendo essas taxas maiores entre as meninas (razão de prevalência - RP = 1,46; IC95%: 1,31-1,62 e RP =1,72; IC95%: 1,35-2,21, respectivamente). Sintomas associados à gravidade da doença, como distúrbio do sono e limitação da fala por sibilos, também se associaram positivamente com o gênero feminino (RP = 2,57; IC95%:1,77-3,73 e RP = 2,07; IC95%:1,25-3,43). A prevalência da asma mostrou-se menor quando comparada com as de outras cidades brasileiras, porém ainda é alta entre adolescentes de Nova Iguaçu, sendo mais freqüente e mais grave no gênero feminino. Outros estudos são necessários para explicar tais diferenças. Abstract in english This study aimed to assess the prevalence and severity of asthma and related symptoms and the associations with gender in 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in the city of Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. The cross-sectional study used the self-applied International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. The sample included 3,033 students randomly selected from 37 public and private schools. Prevalence of "any history of wheezing" was 26%, (more) as compared to 11.7% within the last 12 months ("current asthma"), and was higher among girls (PR = 1.46; 95%CI: 1.31-1.62 and PR = 1.72; 95%CI: 1.35-2.21). Symptoms associated with severity, like "sleep disorders" and "speech limited by wheezing" were associated with female gender (PR = 2.57; 95%CI: 1.77-3.73 and PR = 2.07; 95%CI: 1.25-3.43). Although asthma prevalence was lower than in other Brazilian cities, it was still high among schoolchildren in Nova Iguaçu, and was more frequent and severe among girls. Further research is needed to explain the observed differences.

Kuschnir, Fábio Chigres; Cunha, Antônio José Ledo Alves da; Braga, Denise de Andrade Correa; Silveira, Heloísa Helena Nunes da; Barroso, Melanie Hurel; Aires, Suzana Tschoepke

2007-04-01

194

THE () AND () PHONEMES AS FOSSILIZED PRONUNCIATION ERRORS FOR TURKISH ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHERS AND STUDENTS: UNDOING THE FOSSILIZED PRONUNCIATION ERROR  

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Full Text Available According to Haycraft, (1984: 90), “Since all humans have almost identical speechorgans, there should not be any ‘difficult’ sounds.” This is not a totally true thought becausethe nonnative speaking students apply the pronunciation rules of their native language, andthe result of such a conduct is the establishment of mother-tongue interference which boilsdown to be an unavoidable intrusion while learning a foreign language. A great majority ofpronunciation errors are due to inevitable mother-tongue pronunciation habits, which exhibitcertain resistance to the sounds of the target language. The mother-tongue association to theacquisition of some target language phonemes that are called the core sounds. (Demirezen2007e). The core sounds of the English language, such “consonants like / t ---> T, d ---> D, v---> w / and vowels like / e ---> Q, e ---> E, Q ----> E, « ---> Q, Q ---> Ã,  ----> ow, V-----> Vw /, constitute the prime fossilized mistake continuum for the Turkish teachers,teacher trainees and students in learning and teaching English as a foreign language.”Demirezen, 2007e: 306). This articles aims at analyzing and offering rehabilitative solutionsto one of such core sounds, namely / Q ---> à / contrast that harms the pronunciation ofTurkish learners of English.

Mehmet Demirezen

2008-01-01

195

Turkish Teaching Curriculum and Specific Area Abilities of Turkish  

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Full Text Available The aim of the article is to find out the level of accordance of expectations from teachers and students who are two fundamental building blocks of education by comparing ability area in the specific area abilities of Turkish teacher,sub abilities and performance indicator to learning areas in Turkish teaching curriculum,aims and behaviours. In the direction this aim “general abilities of Teacher” and “Specific area abilities of Turkish” were primarily emphasized.Scanning method was used in this article.Expected behaviours from Turkish teacher are matched with the aims and behaviours students are expected to reach and shown in tables.The level of accordance of teacher ability and the aims and behaviours of student were found out,evaluations and suggestions were made related to Specific area abilities of Turkish.

Nail GÜNEY; Talat AYTAN; Mesut GÜN

2010-01-01

196

CreatIng Web-based Math learnIng tool for TURKISH mIddle school students: Webquest  

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Full Text Available Internet is the most important product for the computer technology and it began to be used in many fields. Especially in the recent years, the usage of Internet has increased in the fields of communication, entertainment, advertisement, media, and technology. In Turkey, the usage of Internet is not used very common and active in primary and secondary education. The fast developments of the new technologies and the Web-Based Education Systems must be increased the importance of giving courses. In this study, the information to be aimed at is to introduce the WebQuest system, which was developed at San Diego State University by Bernie Dodge. A webQuest can be used web-based math learning tool for Turkish middle school students. Therefore, an example of geometry education WebQuest is given to introduce WebQuest system because WebQuest will be active in geometry teaching similar to the other subjects. An overview of WebQuest technology application and several resources for teachers and students interested in creating WebQuests can be found on The WebQutest Page (Dodge, 2001). Table 1 lists web sites that have many of these resources.

Aytac KURTULUS

2009-01-01

197

Energy and nutrient intake and food patterns among Turkish university students  

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The goal of this study was to determine the nutritional value and nutrients provided by each meal and snack of consumed by university students. Subjects were randomly selected from volunteer students at five universities in Ankara. A sample of 400 students (167 female and 233 male) aged between 19 a...

Nesli?ah, Rak?c?o?lu; Emine, Akal Y?ld?z

198

I am so happy 'cause my friend is happy for me: capitalization, friendship, and happiness among U.S. and Turkish college students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Friends usually share positive events in their lives with each other. Referred to as capitalization, this process promotes individual happiness when the discloser perceives that the responses display genuine support. Yet, the specific mechanisms explaining why capitalization is associated with happiness are not known. The present study addresses this empirical issue by testing a mediational model positing that friendship quality would mediate the relationship between capitalization and happiness among U.S. and Turkish college students. Although the psychosocial well-being of the U.S. participants was significantly higher than Turkish participants, the proposed model was supported in both groups. This suggests that part of the reason capitalization is associated with happiness is because of friendship experiences. The authors also provide suggestions for future research.

Demir M; Do?an A; Procsal AD

2013-03-01

199

Energy and nutrient intake and food patterns among Turkish university students.  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this study was to determine the nutritional value and nutrients provided by each meal and snack of consumed by university students. Subjects were randomly selected from volunteer students at five universities in Ankara. A sample of 400 students (167 female and 233 male) aged between 19 and 24 years participated in this study. A questionnaire designed to assess general characteristics, anthropometric measurements, and 24 hours dietary records was administered using face to face interviews. According to body mass index classifications, 69.5% of male students, and 77.7% of female students were found to be in the normal weight categories. Overweight categories were found to be 25.1% and 5.6% for males and females, respectively. Breakfast and lunch were the most frequently skipped meals, with a total of 47.7% of students skipping breakfast and 25.2% skipping lunch. The percentages of energy deficiency were found to be 78.4% in males, and 81.1% in females. Dinner was the main meal for consumption of energy and the other nutrients, except saturated fatty acids, for both genders. Also, dinner was the largest contributor of energy in both genders. Students ate more bread, cereals, and meat at dinner than during the other meals and snacks. Fruit was consumed more during snacks than at the other meals by all students. It was concluded that students need more nutritional information about healthy nutritional habits, adequate intake of nutrients, and ideal body weights. PMID:21556225

Nesli?ah, Rak?c?o?lu; Emine, Akal Y?ld?z

2011-04-23

200

An Analysis of Turkish High School Students’ Performance on Conceptual, Algorithmic and Graphical Physics Problems  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate performances of high school students regarding the conceptual, algorithmic and graphical physics questions by comparatively. The study was carried out with participant of 68 students. Data of the study was gathered with 15 open-ended questions. The results of the study showed that students performed better on the algorithmic and conceptual questions than the graphical questions. It was concluded that students’ competence in each question types may be affected from ratio of question types asked in university entrance examinations.

Mehmet Altan KURNAZ

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Burnout Levels and Personality Traits—The Case of Turkish Architectural Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this research has been to investigate the relationship between personality traits and burnout levels of architectural undergraduate students. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI) and Five Factor Model were used to collect rela...

202

Examining the Effects of Turkish Education Reform on Students' TIMSS 2007 Science Achievements  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of some of the changes such as student centered learning (i.e. inquiry science instruction), outfitting classrooms with latest technology and computers that the reform movement has brought about on students' TIMSS 2007 science achievements. Two-staged stratified sampling was used in the selection…

Atar, Hakan Yavuz; Atar, Burcu

2012-01-01

203

An Assessment of Factors Related to Science Achievement of Turkish Students  

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In this study, a hypothesised model with latent variables such as socio-economic status, students' perception of success and interest in different subject matter areas, out-of-school activities, and classroom teaching learning activities in relation to science achievement of the students was tested via linear structural modelling. The data come…

Kalender, Ilker; Berberoglu, Giray

2009-01-01

204

Assessing In-Service Teachers' Instructional Beliefs about Student-Centered Education: A Turkish Perspective  

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The main purpose of this research is to examine in-service teachers' instructional beliefs about student-centered education. The inventory was designed to measure teachers' student-centered educational beliefs based on four components of the educational curriculum comprising of educational objectives, content, teaching strategies and instructional…

Isikoglu, Nesrin; Basturk, Ramazan; Karaca, Feyyaz

2009-01-01

205

THE EFFECT OF MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS ON THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE SUCCESS OF STUDENTS AT THE TURKISH MILITARY ACADEMY  

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Full Text Available This paper aims to find out the effect of motivational factors on the foreign language success of students at the Turkish Military Academy (TMA). The study was applied to 50 3rd grade male cadets in the first semester of the 2008 – 2009 academic year. The participants of the study are military high school graduates and have been studying English for nearly seven years. As the data collection instrument, a motivational factors questionnaire adapted from Wen’s (1997) Motivational Scale was used. The questionnaire consists of three main parts. In Part I, there are questions aiming to collect some background information about the participants. In Part 2 and 3, the questions aim to collect data on the relationship between different types of motivation and the foreign language success. The collected data was analyzed by using SPSS 11.5 statistical package. Frequency, mean, independent t-test, ANOVA and Pearson Correlation analysis were used to analyze the data obtained. Based on the research findings, there is a statistically significant relationship between overall motivation and the foreign language success of the TMA cadets. However, there is no statistically significant difference between the language success and integrative motivation and valence. Also, the results of the study revealed a significant difference between low and high proficient students in terms of their overall motivation and their estimation of ability. Finally, the study showed no significant correlation between the participants’ monthly income and their overall motivation and the foreign language success. Similarly, no significant correlation was found out between the participants’ parents’ possession of English competence and the cadets’ overall motivation and language success.

Ya?ar E. KURUM

2011-01-01

206

Relationship between life satisfaction and quality of life in Turkish nursing school students.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between life satisfaction and quality of life of nursing students. This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted with a research population of 396 nursing students who received education at a school of nursing. The research data were collected between May and June of the 2007-2008 academic year. The data collection tools included "Student Description Form," Life Satisfaction Scale, and WHOQOL-BREF (TR) Quality of Life (QOL) Scale. The mean score of life satisfaction was 22.90?±?5.74. Participants' QOL mean scores were 67.16?±?15.29 in the physical domain, 64.33?±?14.72 in the psychological domain, 62.81?±?19.12 in the social relationships domain, and 60.59?±?12.59 in the environmental domain. There was a significant correlation between life satisfaction and the four main domains of quality of life scores (P?students. In addition, it was determined that being a nursing student had a positive effect on students' life satisfaction and quality of life. Therefore, the education system is recommended to be redesigned in such a way as to make students more active and to improve their life satisfaction and quality of life.

Yildirim Y; Kilic SP; Akyol AD

2013-01-01

207

Examination of cyberbullying experiences among Turkish students from different school types.  

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The purpose of this study was to examine the nature of cyberbullying experiences among public and private school students in Turkey. One hundred eighty-three participants between the ages of 14 and 15 were recruited for the study. Participants were asked to respond to questionnaires measuring demographic information, usage frequency of Internet-mediated communication tools (IMCT), and cyberbullying experience (as a victim and as a bully). Participants who reported cyberbullying victimization were also asked how they felt and whether they sought help after such experiences. Results indicated that public school students were more likely than private school students to report being cyberbullies and cybervictims despite that private school students were more likely than public school students to report more frequent usage of IMCT. The findings of the logistic regression analyses indicated that usage frequency of IMCT was a significant predictor of cyberbullying/victimization for public school students but not for private school students. While victims from private school revealed that they did not mind the cyberbullying experience because they thought it was a joke, victims from public school reported that they felt angry when they experienced cyberbullying. Both public and private schools indicated that friends were their first choice for help. PMID:18783345

Topçu, Cigdem; Erdur-Baker, Ozgür; Capa-Aydin, Ye?im

2008-12-01

208

Examination of cyberbullying experiences among Turkish students from different school types.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this study was to examine the nature of cyberbullying experiences among public and private school students in Turkey. One hundred eighty-three participants between the ages of 14 and 15 were recruited for the study. Participants were asked to respond to questionnaires measuring demographic information, usage frequency of Internet-mediated communication tools (IMCT), and cyberbullying experience (as a victim and as a bully). Participants who reported cyberbullying victimization were also asked how they felt and whether they sought help after such experiences. Results indicated that public school students were more likely than private school students to report being cyberbullies and cybervictims despite that private school students were more likely than public school students to report more frequent usage of IMCT. The findings of the logistic regression analyses indicated that usage frequency of IMCT was a significant predictor of cyberbullying/victimization for public school students but not for private school students. While victims from private school revealed that they did not mind the cyberbullying experience because they thought it was a joke, victims from public school reported that they felt angry when they experienced cyberbullying. Both public and private schools indicated that friends were their first choice for help.

Topçu C; Erdur-Baker O; Capa-Aydin Y

2008-12-01

209

Psychometric properties of Frustration Discomfort Scale in a Turkish sample.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The present study assessed the psychometric properties of the Frustration Discomfort Scale for Turkish college students. The Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS), Procrastination Assessment Scale-Student, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered to a sample of 171 (98 women, 73 men) Turkish college students. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis yielded fit index values demonstrating viability of the four-dimensional solution as in the original. Findings also revealed that, as predicted, the Discomfort Intolerance subscale of Turkish FDS was most strongly correlated with procrastination. Overall results provided evidence for the factor validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the scale for use in a Turkish population.

Ozer BU; Demir A; Harrington N

2012-08-01

210

Opinions of Turkish Students Graduated from Faculties of Arts and Sciences about Pedagogical Formation Training  

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Full Text Available Training teachers is among the most important issues for many governments. In Turkey, similarly, the question of how to train teachers has been debated for years and numerous practices have been tried. One of these practices is providing pedagogical formation training to students who graduated from faculties of arts and sciences. The main aim of this study is to determine the opinions of these students about the pedagogical formation training given by faculties of education. The research was designed as a descriptive study in which scanning model was employed. The universe of the research consists of 122 students who graduated from the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at K?r?kkale University and who are currently receiving pedagogical formation training in the Faculty of Education. The data in the research were collected using the assessment instrument developed by Geli?li (2009), they were analyzed and interpreted using SPSS 16.0 software, and finally suggestions are presented.

Murat Demirba?; Metin Elkatmi?; Nurcan Ertugrul

2012-01-01

211

Evaluation of knowledge, attitude and behavior of Turkish university students regarding family planning  

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Full Text Available Research conducted to define general knowledge of university students’ attitudes and behaviors about family planning. The sample consisted of 755 Sakarya University students. Data were collected from an open-ended questionnaire form and faceto-face interviews. The data analysis process was conducted using specific software. Most participants (59.7%) were over 22 years old and female, and 1.2 % of the females were married. Women in the study had a positive outlook regarding the positive effects of family planning on sexual health and stated that family planning is important to both society and our economy. The awareness and knowledge regarding family planning was found to be strongest among older participants. The family planning concept was understood correctly by about half of the students. Finally, young people did not have sufficient knowledge about family planning, its methods or where to obtain information on the topic.

Dilek Aygin; Fatma Fidan

2012-01-01

212

Violent behaviour among Turkish high school students and correlates of physical fighting.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to provide data about the prevalence of violent behaviour among high school students living in Istanbul and to determine the correlates of physical fighting. METHOD: This study involved the completion of a modified version of 'Health Behaviour in School Age Children (HBSC) 1997/1998' survey questionnaire by 4153 grade 9-11 students. Chi square tests and forward stepwise multiple logistic regression models were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: During the last 12 months preceding the survey 42% of students (n=1720) reported that they had been in a physical fight; 7% (n=274) reported that they were involved in a fight which required medical treatment. During the last school term 19% (n=768) bullied others at school; 30% (n=1255) reported having been bullied at school; 7% (n=309) reported that they had been bullied with a weapon on school grounds; 8% (n=346) reported that they carried a weapon on school grounds. In logistic regression analyses being male, poor mental health score, being sexually active, current cigarette use, illicit drug use, not using seat belts, bullying, being bullied with a weapon, carrying a weapon, spending more time with friends, poor school image and physical abuse were found to be associated with fighting. CONCLUSION: Violent behaviour is common in high school students. There is a strong need for violence prevention programmes in schools.

Alikasifoglu M; Erginoz E; Ercan O; Uysal O; Kaymak DA; Iiter O

2004-06-01

213

Turkish nursing students' views on practice assessments and service user involvement.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This descriptive study at one university in Turkey aimed to document nursing students' views on involvement of service users in clinical practice assessments. The study sample was comprised of 179 baccalaureate degree nursing students in their second, third, and fourth years of study. Data were collected using a questionnaire developed by the researchers. Participants indicated they had some problems with the present clinical practice assessment methods (73.2%) and that most of these stemmed from the clinical educators (68.2%). Sixty-eight percent of the participants responded positively to service user involvement in clinical practice assessments. However, some noted that this involvement might have some drawbacks. Results of the present study suggest that future studies on service user involvement in clinical practice assessment process are needed to further clarify this issue.

Duygulu S; Abaan S

2013-02-01

214

Turkish nursing students' views on practice assessments and service user involvement.  

Science.gov (United States)

This descriptive study at one university in Turkey aimed to document nursing students' views on involvement of service users in clinical practice assessments. The study sample was comprised of 179 baccalaureate degree nursing students in their second, third, and fourth years of study. Data were collected using a questionnaire developed by the researchers. Participants indicated they had some problems with the present clinical practice assessment methods (73.2%) and that most of these stemmed from the clinical educators (68.2%). Sixty-eight percent of the participants responded positively to service user involvement in clinical practice assessments. However, some noted that this involvement might have some drawbacks. Results of the present study suggest that future studies on service user involvement in clinical practice assessment process are needed to further clarify this issue. PMID:23485223

Duygulu, Sergul; Abaan, Suheyla

2013-02-01

215

Turkish Nursing Students' Views on Practice Assessments and Service User Involvement.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abstract This descriptive study at one university in Turkey aimed to document nursing students' views on involvement of service users in clinical practice assessments. The study sample was comprised of 179 baccalaureate degree nursing students in their second, third, and fourth years of study. Data were collected using a questionnaire developed by the researchers. Participants indicated they had some problems with the present clinical practice assessment methods (73.2%) and that most of these stemmed from the clinical educators (68.2%). Sixty-eight percent of the participants responded positively to service user involvement in clinical practice assessments; however, some noted that this involvement might have some drawbacks. Results of the present study suggest that future studies on service user involvement in clinical practice assessment process are needed to further clarify this issue.

Duygulu S; E SA; Duygulu S

2012-11-01

216

Assessment of root canal treatment outcomes performed by Turkish dental students: results after two years.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of this study was to evaluate radiographically the periapical status and technical standard of root canal therapies performed by a group of undergraduate dental students in Turkey two years following completion of the treatments. A random sample of 264 patients who received root canal treatment from undergraduate students at the Yeditepe University Faculty of Dentistry in 2009 were recalled after two years. The study sample consisted of 319 root-filled teeth in 158 dental patients (females=97, males=61) who presented to the student clinics during that time frame. For each root-filled tooth, two periapical radiographs were examined to identify the periapical status, one showing pre-treatment and the other showing post-treatment status. The quality of endodontic treatment was examined according to the distance between the end of root filling and radiographic apex and the density of the obturation according to presence of voids within the root filling material. This examination found that 54.2 percent of roots had fillings of acceptable length, while 37.3 percent were short, 7.8 percent were overfilled, and 0.6 percent was unfilled; 2.5 percent of the teeth were observed with broken root canal instruments. After two years, PAI scores of teeth with acceptable length of root canal filling (0-2 mm from the radiographic apex) were found to be lower than those of the overfilling and short filling cases (>2mm) (p<0.01). Moreover, voids were detected in the root canal fillings of 52.7 percent of endodontically treated teeth. The PAI scores of root fillings with inadequate density were significantly higher than adequate ones (p<0.01). Although endodontic treatments performed by undergraduate students do not appear to be unqualified compared to those performed by general practitioners, more emphasis must be placed on the technical quality of endodontic treatment to obtain better results.

Ilgüy D; Ilgüy M; Fisekçioglu E; Ersan N; Tanalp J; Dölekoglu S

2013-04-01

217

Examining Demographic Factors Related to Cigarette Smoking among Undergraduate Students at a Turkish University  

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Full Text Available Cigarette smoking is the leading global preventable health risk, and it is associated with well-known health risks such as morbidity, mortality, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and nicotine addiction. When analyzed by age group, cigarette smoking in Turkey is the most prevalent among younger adult populations. The college years appear to be a time of increased risk for smoking initiation and movement into regular patterns of use, although college smokers are more likely to be non-daily smokers, meaning that they smoke more in social situations. This paper aims to identify the demographic factors related to cigarette smoking of undergraduate students in Erzurum, Atatürk University; to interpret these factors, and to assist in informing alternatives for taking more effective action than the typical cessation campaigns. Using logistic regression analysis with cross-sectional data obtained using the questionnaire; the factors affecting cigarette smoking in this context were identified. The demographic factors of sex, geographical region, parents’ residence, father’s profession, the number of individuals in the family, professional status, and general satisfaction were found to be statistically significant at the 0.05 significance level; while faculty and present residence were statistically significant at the 0.10 significance level. The analysis therefore shows that the demographic factors listed above influence the cigarette smoking habits of undergraduate students in Atatürk University.

Erkan Oktay; Ali Kemal Çelik; Ahmet ?lker Akbaba

2013-01-01

218

Association of parents' nutritional status, and sociodemographic and dietary factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old/ Associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas e dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7 a 14 anos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas, dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7-14 anos de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Estudo transversal com 2.826 escolares, classificados com base nas curvas de índice de massa corporal para idade e sexo segundo a International Obesity Task Force. Para as análises utilizou-se a Regressão de Poisson. No modelo final, mostraram associ (more) ação direta ao sobrepeso/obesidade em meninos: escolaridade do pai, idade da mãe e estado nutricional dos pais; e inversa: escolaridade da mãe e número de refeições diárias. Entre as meninas houve associação direta com estado nutricional dos pais, e inversa com idade do escolar e consumo de alimentos de risco. As variáveis associadas ao sobrepeso/obesidade diferiram entre os sexos, com exceção do estado nutricional dos pais. Filhos e filhas de ambos os pais com sobrepeso/obesidade têm risco cerca de, respectivamente, 80% e 150% maior de apresentar o mesmo diagnóstico, indicando a necessidade de intervenções também no ambiente familiar. Abstract in english To assess the association of parents' nutritional status, and dietary and sociodemographic factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren in Florianópolis Island, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, this cross-sectional epidemiological study examined 2,826 schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old, classified according to body mass index curves for age and sex recommended by the International Obesity Task Force. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression. The final model showed ove (more) rweight/obesity in boys associated directly with father's educational level, mother's age, and parents' nutritional status, and inversely with mother's educational level, and number of daily meals. Among girls, it associated directly with parents' nutritional status and the schoolchildren's age, and inversely with consumption of risk foods. The variables that associated with overweight/obesity differed between the sexes, except parents' nutritional status. Boys and girls with both parents overweight or obese were, respectively, 80% and 150% more likely to exhibit the same diagnosis, indicating the need for interventions that include the family environment.

Bernardo, Carla de Oliveira; Vasconcelos, Francisco de Assis Guedes de

2012-02-01

219

Adaptation of Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale to Turkish  

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Full Text Available The aim of the study is adaptation of the “Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale ” which was developed by Bianchi ve Phillips (2005) to Turkish. In order to adapt the scale, firstly scale items were translated to Turkish by the researcher. Then translation form was further developed by consulting ten specialists. English and Turkish forms of scale were both filled by 30 undergraduate students with two-week intervals respectively. Two forms were accepted as equal since the correlation between them was 0.78. Turkish version of the scale was implemented on 300 students for validity and reliability studies. In Turkish version of the scale alpha valid value was calculated as 0.94, and reliable value vas calculated 0.88. Therefore, it can be concluded that Turkish version of the scale was reliable and valid.

Ali Haydar ?ar; Abdullah I??klar

2012-01-01

220

Tabelas de referências das qualidades físicas básicas de meninos de 9 a 14 anos Tablas de referencia de capacidades físicas básicas en niños de 9 a 14 años Basic physical attribute reference (anthropometric) tables for 9 to 14 year-old children  

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Full Text Available Objetivo Desenvolver tabelas de referência da antropometria e qualidades físicas coordenação, força explosiva de membros inferiores e velocidade de deslocamento de meninos entre 9 e 14 anos. Método Foram avaliados 536 indivíduos em antropometria (peso e estatura), protocolos de velocidade (30 metros), coordenação (Burpee) e Força Explosiva (sargent jump test). A metodologia foi descritiva por survey normativo, as tabelas sendo classificadas a partir das médias obtidas e seus desvios padrão. Para valores acima da média em um desvio-padrão (Acima da média) em dois desvios-padrão (Excelente) e valores abaixo da média em um desvio padrão (Abaixo da média) em dois desvios padrão (Muito abaixo da média), tendo como parâmetro a idade cronológica. Resultados Nas idades 09 e 11 anos, existe uma progressão dos valores no estudo, pois alcançando 12 e 13 anos, observa-se que a estatura e velocidade deixam de evoluir como anteriormente, com o grupo de 12 anos apresentando melhores resultados nessas variáveis do que 13 anos. A força explosiva de membros inferiores progrediu com a estatura exceto na idade 13 anos, onde os resultados foram menores do que aos 12 anos. A Coordenação Motora, diferenciou-se nas idades 9 e 10 anos onde apresentaram o mesmo comportamento. Aos 14 anos, a diferença em relação às idades 11,12 e 13 anos, recaem na faixa excelente da tabela, pois alcançam o escore de 08 repetições no teste. Conclusão As tabelas de referência demonstram aplicabilidade facilitando a comparação dos parâmetros do estudo para jovens brasileiros.Objetivo Desarrollar tablas de referencia de antropometría y capacidades físicas de coordinación, fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores y velocidad de movimiento de los niños entre 9 y 14 años. Método Se evaluaron 536 individuos en antropometría (peso y talla), protocolos de velocidad (30 metros), coordinación (Burpee) y concentración (prueba de salto Sargent). La metodología fue descrita por las normas de la encuesta, las tablas que se ordenan a partir de los promedios y sus desviaciones estándar. Para valores superiores al promedio de desviación estándar (encima de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (Excelente) y los valores por debajo de la desviación estándar promedio (debajo de la media) en dos desviaciones estándar (muy por debajo del promedio), con el parámetro de la edad cronológica. Resultados En la edad de 9 a 11 años hay una progresión en los valores en el estudio mientras que en las edades de 12 y 13 años se observa que la altura y la velocidad no progresan como antes, pero el grupo de 12 años presenta mejores resultados en estas variables que el de 13 años. La fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores progresó con la altura hasta la edad de 13 años, excepto en los menores de 12 años de edad. La coordinación motora presentó el mismo comportamiento en las edades de 9 y 10 años y difirió de las de 14 años y las de 11, 12 y 13 años que entran en la clasificación considerada excelente de la tabla, ya que la puntuación llega a 08 repeticiones de la prueba. Conclusión Las tablas de referencia se aplican para facilitar la comparación de los parámetros del estudio para los jóvenes brasileños.Objective Developing anthropometric reference tables and physical qualities regarding coordination, lower limb explosive power and speed of movement for 9 to 14 year-old children. Method Anthropometric factors (weight and height), speed protocols (30 meters), coordination (Burpee) and strength (Sargent jump test) were assessed in 536 individuals. Descriptive methodology was used for survey standards, tables being sorted by their averages and standard deviations, values above average standard deviation (above the mean) by two standard deviations (excellent) and those below average standard deviation (below the mean) by two standard deviations (very much below average) regarding chronological age. Results Study values progressed up to age 9 to 11, whilst height and speed no longer evolve

Mauro Moraes-Macêdo; Paula Roquetti-Fernandes; José Fernandes-Filho

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Korelace mezi sportovní ?inností a užíváním návykových látek u 14letých žák? a žáky? základních škol ve Slovinsku Correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year-old primary school male and female pupils in Slovenia  

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Full Text Available Cílem tohoto pr?zkumu bylo zjistit, zda u 14letých žák? existuje korelace mezi sportovní aktivitou a užíváním návykových látek. Tento pr?zkum je založen na dotazníku s 38 prom?nnými, p?i?emž pravd?podobnostní vztahy mezi prom?nnými byly testovány pomocí chí-kvadrát testu. Analýza ukázala, že ve svém volném ?ase se sportu v?nuje 80 % chlapc? a 85 % dívek. Sportu se v?nují v?tšinou dvakrát až t?ikrát týdn?. V?tšina chlapc? se v?nuje sportu závodn? (39 %), zatímco dívky se v?nují p?edevším rekrea?ním pohybovým aktivitám (48 %). Pokud jde o kou?ení, ke ku?ák?m pat?í 4 % procenta chlapc? a 12 % dívek. V?tšina chlapc? za?ala kou?it ve v?ku 13 let, dívky ve v?ku 12 let. 90 % chlapc? a 94 % dívek již n?jaký alkoholický nápoj vyzkoušelo – jde tedy o v?tšinu žák? ve v?ku od 10 do 13 let. Pokud jde o užívání drog, vyzkoušelo je 18 % chlapc? a 26 % dívek. Nej?ast?jšími typy drog jsou inhalace, pilulky a marihuana. V?tšina žák? prohlásila, že kou?ení, pití alkoholu a užívání nelegálních návykových látek vyzkoušela ze zv?davosti. Rodi?e v?tšinou podporují d?ti v provozování sportu. V?tšina žák? se domnívá, že sport a kou?ení spolu nejde dohromady. Domnívají se, že sportovní aktivity jsou ?innosti, které by od užívání návykových látek mohly odrazovat. Zjistili jsme, že mezi sportovními aktivitami a užíváním legálních i nelegálních návykových látek není statisticky významná korelace. Statisticky významná korelace však byla zjišt?na u pití alkoholu v p?ípad? chlapc? (pivo a víno) a inhalace látek v p?ípad? dívek. Rozdíly by z?ejm? mohly být výrazn?jší v pozd?jším v?ku – p?i p?echodu mezi základní a st?ední školou. Mladé lidi by bylo možno od užívání legálních i nelegálních návykových látek odradit nabídkou v?tšího množství aktivit, které by jim umož?ovaly trávit volný ?as p?im??en?jším a kvalitn?jším zp?sobem. The aim of this research was to establish whether there is a correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year old pupils. This research is based on a questionnaire of 38 variables and the probability relations among the variables have been tested by the chi-square. Analysis has shown that 80% of male and 85% of female pupils practice sport in their leisure time. On average, they practice sport 2 to 3 times a week. The majority of male pupils practice sport competitively (39%), while female pupils primarily practice not officially organized recreational sports (48%). As for smoking, 4% of the male and 12% of the female pupils smoke, the majority of the male pupils had their first cigarette at the age of 13, female pupils at the age of 12. Regarding alcohol use, 90% of the male and 94% of the female pupils had tried an alcohol beverage, which means a majority of pupils between ages 10 and 13. As far as drugs are concerned, 18% of the male and 26% of the female pupils tried drugs. The prevailing types of drug-taking are vapor inhaling, pills and marijuana. The majority of pupi

Mateja Videmšek; Maruša Skubic; Damir Karpljuk; Jože Štihec

2006-01-01

222

Cyberbullying among Turkish adolescents.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Cyberbullying, harassment through the use of information and communication technology such as cell phones and the Internet, is an emerging phenomenon all around the world. Extensive research on aggression and bullying is guiding educators' understanding of cyberbullying. Yet the gap between the advancement in technology and the dearth of study on cyberbullying suggests that more research is needed to understand the scope of this form of bullying. In order to fill the gap in literature, 269 secondary school Turkish students were surveyed on their engagement in and coping strategies for cyberbullying. The results show that 35.7% of the students displayed bully behaviors, and 23.8% of the students displayed bully-victim behaviors. Only 5.9% of the students were victims. More boys displayed bully, victim, and bully-victim behaviors than girls. When faced with cyberbullying, 25% of the students reported telling their peers and parents about the cyberbullying incident, and 30.6% of the students reported finding active solutions such as blocking the harasser. The implication of the study for future research is discussed.

Aricak T; Siyahhan S; Uzunhasanoglu A; Saribeyoglu S; Ciplak S; Yilmaz N; Memmedov C

2008-06-01

223

Cyberbullying among Turkish adolescents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Cyberbullying, harassment through the use of information and communication technology such as cell phones and the Internet, is an emerging phenomenon all around the world. Extensive research on aggression and bullying is guiding educators' understanding of cyberbullying. Yet the gap between the advancement in technology and the dearth of study on cyberbullying suggests that more research is needed to understand the scope of this form of bullying. In order to fill the gap in literature, 269 secondary school Turkish students were surveyed on their engagement in and coping strategies for cyberbullying. The results show that 35.7% of the students displayed bully behaviors, and 23.8% of the students displayed bully-victim behaviors. Only 5.9% of the students were victims. More boys displayed bully, victim, and bully-victim behaviors than girls. When faced with cyberbullying, 25% of the students reported telling their peers and parents about the cyberbullying incident, and 30.6% of the students reported finding active solutions such as blocking the harasser. The implication of the study for future research is discussed. PMID:18537493

Aricak, Tolga; Siyahhan, Sinem; Uzunhasanoglu, Aysegul; Saribeyoglu, Sevda; Ciplak, Songul; Yilmaz, Nesrin; Memmedov, Cemil

2008-06-01

224

A Comparative Study of Croatian and Hungarian EFL Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This comparative research aims to provide insights into how Croatian and Hungarian 8th graders' proficiency in English as a foreign language (EFL) compares to one another in relation to organizational macro factors. A total of 717 14-year-old students participated in the study in two neighboring regions and towns of Croatia and Hungary examining…

Mihaljevic Djigunovic, Jelena; Nikolov, Marianne; Otto, Istvan

2008-01-01

225

An Investigation of the Relationship between Shyness and Loneliness Levels of Elementary Students in a Turkish Sample  

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Full Text Available The aim of this research is to analyse the shyness and loneliness levels of elementary students. This research has been conducted in accordance with general screening model. The sample of the research is constituted of 470 elementary students. “Revised Cheek and Buss Shyness Scale” and “University of California Los Angeles Loneliness Scale” were used in the study in order to collect data from the students. Pearson moments correlation coefficient technique, independent samples t-test and regression test have been employed for analysing the data. The significance level was taken as .05 in the research. As a result of the research, it has been found out that the shyness levels of male students were found to be higher than the female students. It has also been found out that female students feel more loneliness than male students. It was also found out that there is a positive relationship between students’ shyness and loneliness levels. In order to find out the prediction level of shyness on loneliness, the regression analysis was made. According to the result of the study, shyness predicts loneliness by 2%. At the end of the research, the findings were commented under other research findings in the literature and some recommendations were put forward.

Gökhan BA?

2010-01-01

226

The Turkish Standardization of the Meadow-Kendall Social-Emotional Assessment Inventory for Deaf and Hearing-Impaired Students  

Science.gov (United States)

|The article present results of standardization of the Meadow-Kendall Social-Emotional Assessment Inventory for Deaf and Hearing-Impaired Students (Meadow, 1983), school-age version, for use in Turkey. The SEAI is a 59-item measure for assessing socioemotional adjustment of school-age deaf and hearing impaired students. A sample of 1,097 deaf…

Polat, Filiz

2006-01-01

227

Positive and Negative Affectivity as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Optimism and Life Satisfaction in Turkish University Students  

Science.gov (United States)

The main purpose of this study is to examine the mediator and moderator role of positive and negative affectivity variables on the relationship between optimism and life satisfaction in university students. 397 university students, ranging in age from 18 to 27 (M = 20.98), attending different departments of the Faculty of Education, at Pamukkale…

Kapikiran, Necla Acun

2012-01-01

228

A longitudinal study of perceptions of self-concept and professional self-concept in Turkish nursing students  

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Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine the relationship between self-concept and professional self-concept amongst nursing students undertaking a four year degree.A descriptive longitudinal study was applied amongst all nursing students undertaking a four year degree starting in the academic year 2006-2007. The sample consists of total 78 students. The data collection was via two Likert scale type questionnaires about the self description of students and their descriptions of the professional qualities of nurses which were issued a week apart. The first questionnaire consisted of a self-report form of 40 adjectives and students were asked to rate the suitability of each adjective for describing their personality. The second questionnaire employed the same adjectives as the first questionnaire. Students were asked to rate how necessary it was for professional nurses to possess these qualities. SPSS was used to analyse the data via percentages and Cohen’s Kappa method. The data for first year students showed 77.6% were happy to have chosen nursing but significant nearly a quarter were not. 85.9% thought they had similar characteristics to those required by nursing but there was a significant minority of almost one sixth who felt they did not have the required characteristics. The congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept was highest in the fourth year followed by the first year with the second year being the lowest. Congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept across all four years was evident from our study. Some implications of these findings for nursing education and practice are considered. A realistic approach to what is involved in both the study and practice of nursing can increase the self and professional self-concept congruence. It is important for nursing educators to effectively manage student expectations as a better alignment of these with actual situations helps students cope with the demands placed upon them.

Ayi?e Karada?; Gulen Addis; Nurcan Çal??kan; Zehra Göçmen Baykara; Ferudun Sezgin

2013-01-01

229

Change in the health promoting lifestyle behaviour of Turkish University nursing students from beginning to end of nurse training.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

In light of developments in science and technology, content has been added to the nursing curriculum to support and improve students' healthy lifestyle behaviours. The aim of this study was to determine whether any difference was observed in the behaviour of nursing students. This longitudinal and descriptive study was conducted with 57 students during 2002-2006 academic years Marmara University, School of Nursing. The "health promotion lifestyle profile" developed in 1987 by Pender et al. was evaluated as to its validity and reliability in Turkey by the HPLP (healthy lifestyle behaviour scale) adapted by Esin. Percentage, variance analysis, Cronbach alpha coefficient and the t-test were used in the analysis of data. The findings indicated that healthy lifestyle behaviours of nursing students changed over time, from when they began and at the end of every year during their nurse training.

Alpar SE; Senturan L; Karabacak U; Sabuncu N

2008-11-01

230

Assessment of smoking behaviors of 2509 Turkish university students and its correlates: a cross-sectional study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of our study is to determine smoking behavior and its correlates among the faculty of education students. 2509 students, out of 3200, participated in the smoking questionnaire survey in the Faculty of Education of Celal Bayar University, in Manisa, Turkey at the beginning of 2007 educational year. General smoking percentage in school was 45.9%. Regarding daily smoked packet numbers, 186 (16.2%) students smoked less than a packet per day, 330 (28.6%) students between half and one packet, and 636 (55.2%) students more than one packet per day. Monthly familial income found inversely related with smoking (p= 0.003). According to Linear Regression Analysis, drinking behavior could be guessed by smoking behavior (r= 0.081) so that all of smokers had drunk also. Our study indicates also that the starting age to smoking has decreased to as low as 10 years. In past 10 years while smoking prevalence in western countries decreased, it is increased in developing countries. In a Slovakian study, smoking prevalence was 21.6%, in French 34.6% and in Israeli 24.1%. Therefore, more education on the burdens of smoking must be given to university students.

Mergen H; Mergen BE; Tavli V; Ongel K; Tan S

2011-01-01

231

3D Visualization Types in Multimedia Applications for Science Learning: A Case Study for 8th Grade Students in Greece  

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This research aims to determine whether the use of specific types of visualization (3D illustration, 3D animation, and interactive 3D animation) combined with narration and text, contributes to the learning process of 13- and 14- years-old students in science courses. The study was carried out with 212 8th grade students in Greece. This…

Korakakis, G.; Pavlatou, E. A.; Palyvos, J. A.; Spyrellis, N.

2009-01-01

232

Test anxiety, coping strategies, and perceived health in a group of high school students: a Turkish sample.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A group of high school juniors and a group of high school seniors in Izmir, Turkey completed measures of test anxiety, coping skills, and perceived health status both before and after a major exam period. Students with high test anxiety used less effective coping mechanisms and tended to have poorer perceptions of their health. Prior to the exams, juniors displayed higher test anxiety and used less effective coping mechanisms than seniors. After the exam periods, improvements were seen for both age groups on perceived health, but scores of younger students remained significantly higher than scores of seniors on one of the key measures of test anxiety. Results of the study lend support to those of previous studies done in other cultural contexts, and findings have implications for the development of interventions designed to help students cope with stress.

Aysan F; Thompson D; Hamarat E

2001-12-01

233

The Turkish standardization of the Meadow-Kendall Social-Emotional Assessment Inventory for deaf and hearing-impaired students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

THE ARTICLE present results of standardization of the Meadow-Kendall Social-Emotional Assessment Inventory for Deaf and Hearing-Impaired Students (Meadow, 1983), school-age version, for use in Turkey. The SEAI is a 59-item measure for assessing socioemotional adjustment of school-age deaf and hearin...

Polat, F

234

The Analyze of Teachers’ Responsibility Beliefs for Student Academic Successes and Failures (The Sample of Turkish Biology Teachers)  

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Full Text Available This study was prepared to analyze biology teachers’ responsibility beliefs for student academic successes and failures in terms of different variables. The data were collected with Teachers’ Responsibility for Student Achievement Scale, Teachers’ Sense of Self-efficacy Scale, The Scale of Attitudes toward Teaching Profession and open-ended interview questionnaire. For the data analysis, descriptive statistics, one-way variance analysis (ANOVA), independent groups t-test and Pearson Correlation Coefficient were used. On the other hand, the data collected through open-ended interviews were subject to content analysis. While teachers’ responsibility beliefs is not significant in terms gender, teachers’ sense of self-efficacy and teachers’ attitudes toward teaching profession, there is significant results in terms of length of service and student numbers in their classrooms. There are average, positive and significant relations between teachers’ responsibility beliefs for student success and years experience, size of classrooms, perception of self-efficacy in teaching profession and attitudes toward teaching profession.© 2013 IOJES. All rights reserved

Hakan Kurt

2013-01-01

235

Social Interaction Rules in Cooperative Learning Groups for Students at Risk for ADHD  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assessed the effects of providing social participation rules on the performance and social behavior of a school-based sample of 10-14-year-old students at risk for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (n = 34) who worked cooperatively in same-gender triads with typical peers (n = 92). The design was primarily a 2 (population group)…

Kuester, Deitra A.; Zentall, Sydney S.

2012-01-01

236

Anxiety in Gifted Female Students in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

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This study seeks to identify the extent of anxiety among gifted girls in Saudi Arabia and, further, to determine whether differences in anxiety levels exist according to grade. The study sample consisted of 66 female 6th and 7th graders, 11 to 14 years old, attending public school enrichment programs for gifted students in Jeddah Province, Saudi…

Aljughaiman, Abdullah; Tan, Mei

2009-01-01

237

Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students were…

Yilmaz, Harun

2011-01-01

238

Students' Perceptions of Science Teachers' Interpersonal Behaviour in Secondary Schools: Development of a Turkish Version of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of the study was to investigate the reliability and validity of a Turkish adaptation of an existing instrument for measuring teacher interpersonal behaviour. The Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI) maps teacher behaviour in terms of two dimensions: Influence (Dominance-Submission) and Proximity (Cooperation-Opposition). A…

Telli, Sibel; den Brok, Perry; Cakiroglu, Jale

2007-01-01

239

Evaluation of the Turkish text types in Turkish course books in primary schools  

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Full Text Available The skill of and responsibility for using the mother language accurately starts in the first grade of the primary school. In this context, the textbooks of the Turkish language courses have important duties to fulfill. The texts in the coursebooks, thus, function as the means to demonstrate the students the richness, delicacy, and beauty of the mother tongue in order to provide an awareness and endearment of the language. Distinguished samples of the Turkish and world literature are operative in raising the students’ awareness of the rules of Turkish, as well as tranforming this awareness into behavior, and later into habits. As a result, it is important for the school textbooks to contain texts which are compatible with the objectives of the curriculum and which have high literary value. Are the texts which are keys for achieving the fundamental skills and program objectives stated in the curricula of the Turkish language courses in the primary schools (in grades 1-8) by the Turkish Ministry of Educationand which are mentioned in the coursebooks -distributed to the schools by the ministry- actually adequate for meeting these expectations? In order to evaluate the current situation and improve the quality of Turkish language teaching, the texts need to be analyzed, problems need to be identified and stated, and solutions need to be sought through careful examination and research.The present study reports on a descriptive analysis of the Turkish language textbooks (for grades 1-5; 6-8) distributed to the schools by the National Ministry of Education in 2007. The genre and the quality of the texts have been investigated. Data have been obtained through document analysis which is one of the qualitative research methods. A total of 237 (144+93) texts have been studied individually with respect to text type and their distribution. Findings have been reported in frequency tables in addition to samples from the texts, and a discussion of the findings have also been provided.

Emine Kolaç

2009-01-01

240

Parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality among Turkish college students / Türk üniversite ö?rencileri aras?nda cinsellikle ilgili konularda anne ve babayla ileti?im ve alg?lanan anne baba tutumlar?  

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Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis current study was conducted to examine parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality with respect to gender among Turkish college students. Moreover, attitudes toward premarital sexuality with respect to gender were explored. A demographic data form, premarital sexual permissiveness scale, parental communication about sexuality scale and parental attitudes about sexuality scale were administered to 366 (217 female and 148 male) college students, aged 18 to 26. The results indicated that females held more conservative premarital sexual attitudes than males; females talked to their mothers, while males talked to their fathers more about sexuality issues. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that gender was significant on the perceived maternal attitudes about sexuality, whereas perceived paternal attitudes about sexuality were not found to be significant with respect to gender. Future research is needed to explore variables that may contribute to the differences in parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality.

Nursel TOPKAYA

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Democracy Through Learner-Centered Education: a Turkish Perspective  

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Aimed at documenting the problems and constraints confronting learner-centered instruction in Turkey, this article first explains the link between democracy and education and the role of learner-centered instruction in realizing democratic ends. By drawing on John Dewey's ideas and Turkish scholars' perspectives on Turkish education, the article then presents the problems and constraints that pose threats to the implementation of learner-centered instruction in Turkey. The author also explains the problems within the Turkish educational system and teacher education programmes, and the challenges that in-service teachers and students may experience with learner-centered instruction.

Yilmaz, Kaya

2009-01-01

242

Turkish Media Elites  

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Full Text Available The media is one of the most important institutions in society. It is a reality that media play very substantial role in the production and social distribution of knowledge. In addition to that, mass media provides the greatest communication opportunities to the people. Also, contemporary media provides very distinctive weapons to obtain power, wealth and prestige in the society. If media owners and elites are so powerful, the identification of media elites is of great importance. Hence, this study aims to analyse contemporary Turkish media: A full picture of Turkish media elites in terms of important social, political and demographic indicators will be given in this paper. The managers, editors, influential columnists and reporters of major Turkish media elites are defined as Turkish media elites. Firstly, the paper will focuse on the demographic peculiarities of Turkish media elites. Secondly, the educational background and family structure of Turkish media elites will be examined. Then, social origins and other social characteristics of Contemporary Turkish media elites will be investigated.

D. Ali Arslan

2008-01-01

243

Influence of Students’ Understanding and Goal Commitment on Academic Achievement in Introductory Technology in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study examined the influence of students’ understanding and goal commitment on their academic achievement in Introductory Technology in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. An ex-post facto survey design was used and a random sample of 2,500 junior secondary three (13-14 years old) stu...

Godwin A. Akpan; Uduak G. Mbaba; Aniefiok E. Udofia

244

Distance Education in Turkish Higher Education  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The term distance education is used to define education where educators and learners are physically separated. The first use of the distance education as a term goes back to 1924 in Turkey. Establishment of the Open Education Faculty of Anadolu University is the first initiative for the appearance of distance education in the Turkish Higher Education. Distance education is offered at different levels of higher education at present. Changes happening in technology and students characteristics in higher education over the years have made distance education delivered over the internet popular. Systems used to offer education over the internet are called Learning Management Systems. Commercial and non-commercial Learning Management Systems are available and used in different level of higher education to offer distance education. Programs and Learning Management Systems preferred to offer distance education over the internet in Turkish Higher Education are investigated in this study. Results of the study indicated that Management and Computer Technology programs are dominantly preferred in various level of the Turkish Higher Education. It was also found that commercially and open source freely available Learning Management Systems are also used to offer distance education in the Turkish Higher Education. It seems that distance education programs in higher education will continue to grow to respond to the changing needs of students.

Ömür AKDEM?R

2011-01-01

245

[Determining factors of rubella in the 10 to 14 year-old population in Mexico].  

Science.gov (United States)

The clinical and epidemiological importance of rubella relates to its teratogenic effects. When this disease occurs in children, adolescents and adults, it is usually benign. On the other hand, these age groups are source of disease transmission to pregnant women. The serology studies on rubella carried in Mexico prior to 1974, detected seropositivity levels from 87.1 to 97.7 percent in children younger than 14 years of age. In contrast, the National Seroepidemiology Survey (NSS) (1988) reported a much lower seropositivity (69.3%) in children of the same age group, and a rate of 80 percent in women of reproductive age. This situation is a particular problem for Mexico where a high proportion of the pregnancies occur during adolescence. While previous research has commented on descriptive measures of seroprevalences in women, this study, which is based on a logistic regression model, has the purpose of identifying the factors associated with the immunological status of girls between 10 and 14 years of age. The variable which showed the most evident relation to the antibody levels for rubella was years of schooling. The odds ratios (OR) for seropositivity among those who finished secondary schooling was 2.05 times (CI 1.28-2.56) that of the illiterate group. Other statistically significant variables were related to residence, urban vs rural (OR = 1.69; CI 1.48-2.12) and age, 10 vs 14 years (OR = 1.93; CL 1.69-2.42). Based on the multivariate model, it was observed that the girls with a greater risk of seropositivity were those who live in urban areas, attend secondary school, and are 14 years of age, with an OR = 4.05 (G = 6,756.4 and 5,580 gl; p less than .001). The study concludes with the following considerations: the immunological levels of girls from 10 to 14 years of age are low, and the results of the NSS suggest that Mexican public health authorities should evaluate the policy of vaccination against rubeola in the population potentially at risk, and that the factors associated with the disease, in descending order, are: years of schooling, age, and place of residence. It is also necessary to carry out analytic studies which will identify the risks and the etiology of congenital malformations which are likely to have been associated with the occurrence of rubeola virus during pregnancy. PMID:1631734

Tapia-Conyer, R; Sepúlveda, J; Salvatierra, B; Mu?oz, O; Bustamante-Calvillo, E; Alvarez y Mu?oz, T; Gutiérrez, G

246

Event narratives in 11-14 year olds with autistic spectrum disorder.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) are known to have difficulties in narrative language and especially with use of evaluative enrichment devices. However, little is known about their production of event narratives. AIMS: To establish if children with ASD differ from typically developing peers in their production of general and specific event narratives, and, if so, how this might be affected by levels of oral language. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Performance on general and specific event narrative tasks of 27 high-functioning children with ASD, aged 11-14 years, was compared with that of language- and age-matched groups of typically developing children. Narratives were coded for structural and evaluative language measures. OUTCOMES & RESULTS: The general and specific event narratives of the ASD group differed from those of both comparison groups in structural language measures. They were shorter, contained fewer different word roots and had shorter mean length of utterances. In evaluative measures they differed from those of the typically developing age match group but not the younger language match group in the number of causal statements made in both event conditions, and in mental state references and evaluative devices in the specific event narrative condition. CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Children with ASD display specific difficulties with the use of grammar and vocabulary in event narratives which cannot be explained in terms of language levels. However, the use of evaluative devices was commensurate with oral language levels. Implications for intervention are discussed.

King D; Dockrell JE; Stuart M

2013-09-01

247

Allergy sensitization and asthma among 13-14 year old school children in Nigeria.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of asthma and role of atopy in asthma among children has not been clearly defined in Nigeria. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of asthma and investigate risk factors related to allergy sensitization among urban and rural school children in southwest Nigeria. METHODS: Validated ISAAC questionnaire was administered to 1736 high school children in randomly selected schools in rural and urban communities. Identified asthma cases were matched to controls. Allergy skin tests, blood eosinophil count, serum IgE and stool examination for parasites were performed. Dust samples from homes were also collected and analyzed for allergens. RESULTS: The prevalence of asthma was 7.5% (95% CI 6.0 to 9.2%) and 8% (95% CI 6.0-10.4%) in the rural and urban communities respectively . Risk factors for asthma included cigarette-smoking, cats in the home and family size. Eosinophil count (109/L) was elevated in asthmatics [0.70 (95% CI 0.48-1.11) vs. 0.32 (95% CI 0.19-0.69); p<0.01], but IgE levels were similar between the two groups (298±229 IU/mL vs. 288±257; p=0.97). Positive skin tests to cat hair, cockroach, mango blossom and mouse epithelium were more frequent in asthmatics than in healthy controls, especially in the rural communities. There was no correlation between allergens in dust collected from homes and skin test reactivity. CONCLUSION: Asthma prevalence is similar in rural and urban children in Southwest Nigeria and atopy with elevated IgE was not observed to be a major factor for asthma in our cohort of children in both communities.

Oluwole O; Arinola OG; Falade GA; Ige MO; Falusi GA; Aderemi T; Huo D; Olopade IO; Olopade CO

2013-03-01

248

Improvements in Behavioral Symptoms following Antibiotic Therapy in a 14-Year-Old Male with Autism.  

Science.gov (United States)

This case report describes the benefits of antibiotic and antifungal therapy on behavior in a child with autism undergoing treatment for encopresis. Over the course of treatment, the child exhibited a reduction in aberrant behaviors, increased gastrointestinal function, and improved quality of life. PMID:23853732

Ramirez, P Lucas; Barnhill, Kelly; Gutierrez, Alan; Schutte, Claire; Hewitson, Laura

2013-06-19

249

Improvements in Behavioral Symptoms following Antibiotic Therapy in a 14-Year-Old Male with Autism.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This case report describes the benefits of antibiotic and antifungal therapy on behavior in a child with autism undergoing treatment for encopresis. Over the course of treatment, the child exhibited a reduction in aberrant behaviors, increased gastrointestinal function, and improved quality of life.

Ramirez PL; Barnhill K; Gutierrez A; Schutte C; Hewitson L

2013-01-01

250

Size and maturity mismatch in youth soccer players 11- to 14-years-old.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of the study was to compare the anthropometric, functional and sport-specific skill characteristics and goal orientations of male youth soccer players at the extremes of height and skeletal maturity in two competitive age groups, 11-12 and 13-14 years. The shortest and tallest players, and least and most skeletally mature players (n = 8 per group) within each age group were compared on chronological age; skeletal age (Fels method); pubertal status (pubic hair); size, proportions and adiposity; four functional capacities; four soccer-specific skills; and task and ego orientation. The tallest players were older chronologically, advanced in maturity (skeletal, pubertal) and heavier, and had relatively longer legs than the shortest players in each age group. At 11-12 years, the most mature players were chronologically younger but advanced in pubertal status, taller and heavier with more adiposity. At 13-14 years, the most mature players were taller, heavier and advanced in pubertal status but did not differ in chronological age compared with the least mature players. Players at the extremes of height and skeletal maturity differed in speed and power (tallest > shortest; most mature > least mature), but did not differ consistently in aerobic endurance and in soccer-specific skills. Results suggested that size and strength discrepancies among youth players were not a major advantage or disadvantage to performance. By inference, coaches and sport administrators may need to provide opportunities for or perhaps protect smaller, skilled players during the adolescent years.

Figueiredo AJ; Coelho E Silva MJ; Cumming SP; Malina RM

2010-11-01

251

[Arterial hypertension as a complication of homocystinuria in a 14-year old boy  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A boy with homocystinuria diagnosed at the age of fourteen during arterial hypertension diagnostic procedures performed because of severe arterial hypertension. Hypertension was caused by thromboembolic changes within segmental branch of renal artery.

Cichocka E; Kubalska J

1995-02-01

252

[Arterial hypertension as a complication of homocystinuria in a 14-year old boy].  

Science.gov (United States)

A boy with homocystinuria diagnosed at the age of fourteen during arterial hypertension diagnostic procedures performed because of severe arterial hypertension. Hypertension was caused by thromboembolic changes within segmental branch of renal artery. PMID:7603802

Cichocka, E; Kubalska, J

1995-02-01

253

[Osteosarcoma of the sacrum. Apropos of a case in a 14 year-old girl].  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors report a case of sacral osteosarcoma, which is a rare and dreaded tumor. Sciatica was the first manifestation. Patients with refractory sciatica and normal plain films and computed tomography studies of the lumbar spine should undergo magnetic resonance imaging to look for a sacral lesion. PMID:8167644

Favier, T; Menei, P; Rizk, T; Alhayek, G; Mercier, P

1993-05-01

254

[Osteosarcoma of the sacrum. Apropos of a case in a 14 year-old girl  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The authors report a case of sacral osteosarcoma, which is a rare and dreaded tumor. Sciatica was the first manifestation. Patients with refractory sciatica and normal plain films and computed tomography studies of the lumbar spine should undergo magnetic resonance imaging to look for a sacral lesion.

Favier T; Menei P; Rizk T; Alhayek G; Mercier P

1993-05-01

255

Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?  

Science.gov (United States)

Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being…

Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

2013-01-01

256

The Situation of Turkish Textbooks of Elementary School 8th Grades in Acquiring A Common Vocabulary  

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Full Text Available Vocabulary is one of the essential characteristics in preparing textbooks. Turkish textbooks should be prepared by examining carefully according to some vocabulary criteria. Turkish textbooks should be in a harmony with the levels of students in respect for total and different word counts, words used in text should be appropriate for students’ levels too.During education, textbooks are primary sources in letting students acquire vocabulary. So, preparing textbooks require a planning in respect for vocabulary. During primary school education, giving students a common vocabulary is an ultimately important issue. Having students common vocabulary contributes to social compromiseand increasing the quality of communication between people. Therefore, it is required that Turkish textbooks which were prepared by different publishing should have a high qualified common point.In this study, the quantity of 8th graders’ Turkish textbooks vocabulary from different publishing and the appropriateness of textbooks common vocabulary for second stage of primary School graders’ vocabulary have been evaluated.

Mehmet KURUDAYIO?LU; Özay KARADA?

2006-01-01

257

Atatürk, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ve Türkçe Devrimi (Atatürk, Turkish Republic and Reform of Turkish)  

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Full Text Available Atatürk, Turkish Republic and Reform of Turkish Bases of Research:Principles and reform of Atatürk, Turkish Reform, authors and works of Atatürk1» and after Atatürk's period connected with Turkish Language Association.Purpose of the ResearchPurpose of this study exposes effects of secularisation process (closing dervish lodge and zaviye, unity of education, taken out of caliphate), began from 1925 in State of Turkish Republic founded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's leadership, on the accepted new Turkish alphabet and efforts of purify Turkish Language. Besides, this study explains missions of Turkish Language Association in favor of Turkish Reform in strengthening bases of laic and democratic Turkish Republic and using of Turkish as a science and education language by means of most characteristic of Turkish Reform. This study claimed that Turkish Reform bases on Turkish people despised in the past advocates Turkish Reform agree directly with idea of republic and constructed on democratic attitude.Resources of Data:Turkish Reform, Turkish Language and authors and works of Atatürk's and after Atatürk's period connected with Turkish Language Association.Main Discussion:Secularization process (closing dervish lodge and zaviye, unity of education, taken out of caliphate), began from 1925 effects accepted new Turkish alphabet and efforts of purify Turkish Language. Turkish Language Association takes on important missions in strengthening bases of laic and democratic Turkish Republic and using of Turkish as a science and education language.Conclusions:Secularization process (closing dervish lodge and zaviye, unity of education, taken out of caliphate), began from 1925 effects accepted new Turkish alphabet and efforts of purify Turkish Language in State of Turkish Republic. Turkish Language Association in favor ofTurkish Reform takes on important missions in strengthening bases of laic and democratic Turkish Republic and using ofTurkish as a science and education language.

Mustafa Öner

2007-01-01

258

The Turkish power elite  

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Full Text Available This study aims to analyse, the general power structure of Turkish society, and specifically the Turkish power elite. Also, the relationships within and between the elite groups, and the distribution of power will be examined. This paper will also try to understand and explain the distribution of power in Turkish society: How far is power (effective power) diffused in society or how far it is centralised and concentrated in the hands of elite groups? In accordance with the pluralists views one could argue that, power has been diffused and fragmented among many people or elite groups which together participate in the decision-making process in contemporary Turkish society. Nevertheless, decisive and effective power (parallel with the main thesis of the elitist view) has been concentrated and centralised in the hands of the small number of elite groups which are the most powerful in the national power structure. They are predominant over other groups and these dominant groups know what others do not know and can do what others cannot do.

Ali Arslan

2006-01-01

259

TURKISH BATH CONTROL COLUMN  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A control column for a Turkish bath houses a steam generator (12), is bounded by at least one wall (23) accessible by a user, and has a touch-screen control panel (15) housed entirely inside the control column and activated by the user contacting the wall (23) to control at least operation of the steam generator (12).

BORGHETTI MARCO; MANDOLINI LUIGI

260

"Why Didn't They Teach Us Any of This before?": Youth Appraisal of Turkish Provision in Victoria  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines youth assessment of the quality and success of languages provision. The discussion draws on data collected from students and graduates of Victoria's 16 secondary Turkish programs in large-scale surveys (n=858) and follow-up interviews (n=177). Surveys revealed that upper secondary Turkish classrooms serve predominantly…

Beykont, Zeynep F.

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

The Turkish Adaptation Study of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for 12-18 Year Old Children: Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

|This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which developed by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language, science,…

Karadeniz, Sirin; Buyukozturk, Sener; Akgun, Ozcan Erkan; Cakmak, Ebru Kilic; Demirel, Funda

2008-01-01

262

Turkish electricity reform  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Turkish electricity reform has progressed slowly due to internal resistance against privatisation, and gained momentum after Electricity Market Law of 2001, prepared in line with EU Energy Acquis and established required institutional and legal framework. Although the eligibility threshold has reached 39% market opening rate, the dominant position of public both as owner and decision-maker is still the major problem in the sector. Currently Turkey is self-sufficient in electricity, but likely to face shortages in 10 years if the growing demand is not met by either speeding the liberalisation process, or joining the South East Europe Electricity Market. (author)

2009-01-01

263

Turkish electricity reform  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Turkish electricity reform has progressed slowly due to internal resistance against privatisation, and gained momentum after Electricity Market Law of 2001, prepared in line with EU Energy Acquis and established required institutional and legal framework. Although the eligibility threshold has reached 39% market opening rate, the dominant position of public both as owner and decision-maker is still the major problem in the sector. Currently Turkey is self-sufficient in electricity, but likely to face shortages in 10 years if the growing demand is not met by either speeding the liberalisation process, or joining the South East Europe Electricity Market. (author)

Bagdadioglu, Necmiddin [Department of Public Finance, Hacettepe University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey); Odyakmaz, Necmi [E.ON Holding, Armada Business Centre, 06520 Ankara (Turkey)

2009-03-15

264

Determination of Turkish Education Teacher Candidates’ Views Related to Critical Thinking  

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Full Text Available In this research, the aim is to determine the views of Turkish Education teacher candidates related to critical thinking. The data have been obtained by “California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory” transcribed into Turkish by Kökdemir (2003). The research group of the study is composed of 195 students in the department of Turkish Education in Faculty of Education at Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University. Descriptive statistics, t test and one-way analysis of variance have been used for data analysis. As a result of the research, it has been found that Turkish Education teacher candidates’ critical thinking dispositions are low. While there is no meaningful difference according to the type of school graduated, there has been obtained meaningful differences for gender and class variances. Female teacher candidates compared to male ones and the students in the 1st class compared to the ones in the 4th class have showed more positive opinions related to critical thinking.

Zeynep ÇET?NKAYA

2011-01-01

265

Sociological analysis of contemporary Turkish political elites  

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Full Text Available This study was designed to find general characteristics of Contemporary Turkish political Elites since 1995 up to date. Social background characteristics were employed to realise the purposes. Documentary and historical research techniques were used during the study. As a result of examining the Contemporary Turkish political elites (since 1995 up to 2005) these major findings were discovered: the large majority of the Turkish parliamentary elites were well educated, male, middle aged, married and with a small family size. Also, more than 25 percent of Turkish Elites are trader and businessmen. Moreover the size of the groups of lawyers, civil bureaucrats and managers, educators and free professions was also meaningful. Contemporary Turkish political elites have exhibited an elitist character as compared with Turkish society, but this elitist character and male domination has begun to change in recent years. Keywords: Democracy, Elite, Elite Theory, Power, Turkish Elites, Turkish Political Elites, Contemporary Turkish Political Elites

D. Ali Arslan

2007-01-01

266

Editorial Statement: Special Issue on Turkish Education  

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Full Text Available For this current issue, three articles and a book review are published. In her historical investigation, “Can Progressive Education Be Translated into a Progressive Idea?: Dewey’s Report on Turkish Education (1924),” Dr. Yasemin Alptekin, from Yeditepe University, explores the various interpretations of Dewey’s philosophy of ‘progressive education’ in the translated versions of Dewey’s 1924 report on Turkish education.In “Cultural Sensitiveness of School Goals and Students’ Failure in Turkey,” Dr. Ismet Sahin, from the University of Kocaeli, investigates the degree of agreement or the level of importance that students of different ethnic origin in East and Southeast Turkey give to the goals of education and schooling. In “The Future of Whole Language,” Dr. Carol Gilles, from the University of Missouri-Columbia, critically analyzes the history of whole language through the eyes of someone who participated in the grass-roots movement, and explore the future of whole language through the voices of whole language and literacy leaders around the world. In the book review section, Nihat Kahveci, from the University of Illinois, repots a critical and extensive review of Bernard Lewis’ “History: Remembered, Recovered, Invented” published in 1975 by Princeton University Press.

Mustafa Yunus ERYAMAN

2006-01-01

267

LEARNERS’ VIEWS ON THE TEACHING OF TURKISH AS A MOTHER TONGUE IN GERMANY  

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Full Text Available The concept of mother tongue in foreign countries refers to the native language that immigrants bring to and speak in the countries to which they have migrated. This language is usually used by immigrant groups and passed on to subsequent generations through the act of speaking in the immigrant families themselves. Within the context of the modern history of immigration, it is observable that immigrants both make efforts to transfer the standard form of their language (including its written form) from generation to generation and to establish schools and other units for that purpose. Since the mid-twentieth-century, formal educational institutions in Western countries permitting immigration have actively been interested in the teaching of the mother tongue of immigrants.The overall objective of this paper is to analyze the structure of Turkish courses in the Federal Republic of Germany and Turkish students’ views on these courses. Turkish -as a language spoken by 5 million people in many countries of Western Europe- occupies a preeminent position among the minority languages. Unfortunately, Turkish does not receive the attention it deserves. In the European Union countries, and in line with prevailing understandings of minority rights, more than two million children and young people in schools are supposed to receive a good education in the Turkish language. However, only limited facilities exist in most of these countries to achieve that goalAs a relational survey method, this research is based on the analysis of Turkish immigrant students' perceptions/views on the Turkish language with respect to some variables. It includes immigrant students of Turkish origin (students in the age group of 11-18 years, of the 5th-12th grade) who live in various states of Germany (Baden-Wurtemberg, Lower Saxony, Bremen, Hamburg and Berlin). The sample consists of 580 students (of the same age and grade) selected through random cluster sampling approach. In this research, two questionnaires are used by the researcher in order to determine some demographic characteristics and perceptions/views of students on the Turkish language.Perceptions/views of students on Turkish language are primarily portrayed as percentage-frequency and cross tables; the dependence of these perceptions/views on demographic variables are then controlled via chi-square analysis and finally the results are interpreted within the context of research hypotheses.

Cemal YILDIZ

2013-01-01

268

Adaptation of Instructional Materials Motivation Survey to Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to adapt “Instructional Materials Motivation Survey [IMMS]”, developed by J. M. Keller, to Turkish and investigate validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the survey. The original version of the survey was composed of 36 items gathered under four factors (attention, relevance, confidence, satisfaction). The survey was translated into Turkish. Views of 15 faculty members who were expert in Turkish and foreign language were sought in terms of correctness of meaning in Turkish and integrity of items into culture of Turkish education system. Turkish version of the survey was administered to total of 262 university students from Education Faculties of Ataturk and Erzincan Universities. The item-total correlations were calculated, and items which had negative or low correlation with the total survey score (r<.30) were excluded from the survey. The construct validity of the survey was examined by exploratory factor analysis. Varimax rotation technique was used due to the separation into irrelevant factors. Finally the survey was constructed from 24 item gathered under two factors. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha) for the whole survey was calculated as 0.83, and 0.79 and 0.69 for the two sub-factors respectively.

Hülya Kutu; Mustafa SÖZB?L?R

2011-01-01

269

Turkish Cypriot literature course in emerging cultural and educational policies.  

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Full Text Available In recent years, certain political changes have occurred in the Turkish Cypriot community with the accession of Cyprus to the European Union. Policies and parties in favor of this accession accepted the idea of a united Cyprus; the majority of the Turkish Cypriots (65%) voted in favor of a Cypriot identity. Such political transformations affected education as well. As one of the results of these new policies, a course entitled “Turkish Cypriot Literature” was introduced in schools. In this article we report a study on the ideology, content and instruction of the TCL course. In this study a questionnaire was given to high school teachers and students in order to find out their views about the ideology, content and instruction of the course. In addition, the authors of the TCL literary history were interviewed to gather their views on the content and ideology of the course. This study shows that a new ideology has been accepted by teachers, students and the authors of literary history. According to them the TCL course helps to contribute to the Turkish Cypriot culture and its values. In regard to the content of the TCL course it can be noted that the content of TCL is accepted by both the teachers and the students. However, the authors of the TCL literary history point to the fact that there are deficiencies and irrelevant subjects in the content of the TCL courses. The other research question of the study is to determine the views of the teachers and the students on the way TCL is taught. The teachers and the students are hesitant about the effectiveness of such instruction.

Pehlivan, A.

2007-01-01

270

Quantitative Developments in Turkish Higher Education since 1933  

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Full Text Available In this study, quantitative developments in Turkish higher education during the Republic period from 1933, when the first university was established, to date are tried to be demonstrated. In parallel with this purpose, first, establishment dates of universities, number of universities by years as well as number of universities established during the periods of each presidents of Turkish Council of Higher Education are listed. Also, spread to all provinces as of 2008, the distribution of the number of universities with regard to provinces is given. On the other hand, development of Turkish higher education by years is examined by using several quantitative indicators about higher education. Thus, number of students in higher education, total number of academic staffs as well as those with PhD, improvement in the number of students per academic staff and higher education gross enrollment rates by years are shown. Furthermore, especially for big provinces in Turkey (Ankara, ?stanbul and ?zmir) number of universities, number of students in higher education and higher education gross enrollment rates are provided. Distribution of higher education students according to higher education institutions, higher education programs and education types in 2011 is presented as well as distribution of academic staffs according to higher education institutions and information about their academic positions. In addition, quantitative data about higher education bachelor and associate degrees (numbers of programs types, programs, quotas and placed students) in 2010 is given. Finally, the position of Turkish higher education in the world with respect to the number of academic publications and the change in the number of academic publications per staff by years are analyzed.

Durmu? GÜNAY; Asl? GÜNAY

2011-01-01

271

PSYCHOLINGUISTICS AND TURKISH TEACHING  

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Full Text Available Psycholinguistics is a science formed with the contributions of linguistics examining the origins,generations and the qualities of language usage, and of psychological science studying the human behaviours.Language acquisition focuses on its comprehension and usage.Psychological processes coming out during the language learning and its usage are analysed in the light of psycholinguistics. It is also aimed to make more detailed definitions for language behaviours and display its usage refering to the functions of language.This study primarily gives information about the process of how psycholinguistics becomes an independent science and analyses its relation with the thought and society. The reflections of psycholinguistics to four basic language skills are also tried to assess in the last part of the study in relation to the Turkish Teaching Programme.

Murat ÖZBAY; Tu?ba BARUTÇU

2013-01-01

272

CONTRIBUTION TO TURKISH LANGUAGE MAP: IN LEBANON TURKS AND TURKISH  

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Full Text Available Article, field study within the borders of Lebanon, aims to share general information on issues to be spoken Turkish. Today, as much as 30000 citizens living in Lebanon for nearly 12000 to be registered. Most of these countries are settled in 1940 after the Turks to come to work. However, the Turks settled in Lebanon after 1940, as well as the more they leave any kind of Arabic language features that reflect the geography of this work is not subject to due. In this study, the number 13200 Turkmen living in this region in the 13th century, which approximate number 9000, 19th living within the borders of Lebanon since the end of the century the Turks and their language is focused on the muhajir of Crete. Turkish Arabic code to be very little in common other than being lived copying the two ethnic groups and languages, should be evaluated in this study suggest that under separate headings. The field of our work in the year 2013 in accordance with the data obtained from the first one into the dialect characteristics of Turkish spoken in Lebanon, and the general features of the language used in the submitted article. Thus, in order to map received Turkish Language in Lebanon, based on the contribution to the field study aimed to achieve. Because the Turkish language is spoken within the borders of Lebanon, UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage are evaluated according to the criteria in the endangered languages program, "critically endangered" we have to mention that.

Özgür Kas?m AYDEM?R

2013-01-01

273

Factors influencing Turkish teacher candidates' elective course preferences  

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Full Text Available By the Academic Year of 2006-2007, new curriculum has been begun to be applied in the Faculties of Education. When it is evaluated in terms of Turkish Language Teacher Training Departments, it is seen that the most attractive changes are the abolition of Side Branch application, the increase in the number of the courses which will contribute to teacher candidates’ profession and the enrichment in the content. In the curriculum are 5 elective courses beside necessary ones. The aim of this study is to determine what and how much effects the Turkish Language Teacher Candidates as they decide on the courses mentioned above. In the study, based on scanning method, of which subject is consists of 2nd, 3rd and 4th year students from Turkish Language Teacher Training Department, The Faculty of Education of Nigde University Likert-type Scale with four grades which was improved by Tezcan and Gumus (2008) has been used as data collection tool. According to the finding acquired from the study the factors effecting Turkish Language Teacher Candidates’ preferences about elective courses have been determined and ideas which are going to contribute to determination of elective courses and effective process of them have been suggested.

Duygu Uçgun

2012-01-01

274

ADAPTING ONLINE SELF-REGULATED LEARNING SCALE INTO TURKISH  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine online self-regulated learning levels of students by adapting “Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale” designed by Barnard and his colleagues into Turkish. Present study, irrespective of being a scale analysis, is at the same time a qualitative research. It is executed via scan model. Study group of research consists of collectively 222 students. Firstly the original scale has been translated by two educational technologists who are efficient in both Turkish and English languages. The validity of scale’s original factor structure within Turkish culture has been tested via confirmatory factor analysis. In order to measure the reliability of scale, internal consistency analyses have been conducted on data. In order to detect self-regulated learning levels of students; frequency, percentage, arithmetical means, standard deviation and t tests have been employed. In differentiation analyses p<0,05 significance level has been considered sufficient. As a result it can reasonably be argued that “Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale” is a valid and reliable scale that can be employed in detecting online self-regulated learning levels of university students in Turkey. Additionally below given results have been obtained regarding students’ online self-regulated learning levels: Students’ online self-regulated learning skills are generally higher and their highest level of skills is “structuring the environment”, whereas the lowest skill is “goal setting”. Online self-regulated learning levels of students from Social Sciences Teaching Department are meaningfully lower than the students’ online self-regulated learning levels from other departments.

Ozgen KORKMAZ; Sinan KAYA

2012-01-01

275

Determination of association between some caries-related factors in permanent teeth with body mass index of female school students in Tehran, Iran  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Some investigations have shown a direct and significant correlation between BMI (body mass index) and dental caries. The aim of this study was to determine the association between obesity and dental caries in the permanent teeth of 12?14-year-old female students of guidance schools in districts 5 and 6 in Tehran, Iran in 2011.Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 950 female students, aged 12?14 years old, were selected randomly from guidance schools in districts 5 and 6 in Tehran. The frequency of brushing, flossing, daily consumption of snacks, DMFT (Decayed, Missing, Filled) and BMI were assessed using interviews and clinical examinations. The association of the variables was determined by Pearson’s correlation and linear regression statistical tests at a confidence interval of 95%.Results: The means of DMFT index were 3.56 ± 2.652, 4.26 ± 2.961 and 4.38 ± 2.899 in 12-, 13- and 14-year-old students, respectively. Evaluation of the effect of demographic variables, oral hygiene habits and obesity on DMFT showed that age (p value = 0.001), toothbrushing frequency (p value = 0.025) and frequency of snack consumption daily (p value = 0.043) are effective on tooth decay. However, no correlation was found between frequency of flossing (p value ? 0.083) and BMI (p value ? 0.205) with tooth decay.Conclusion: There was no statistically significant association between DMFT and BMI of 12?14-year-old female students in Tehran. There was no relationship between the frequency of sweet snacks consumption and age with BMI. Toothbrushing frequency and frequency of sweet snacks consumption have an effect on tooth decay. Key words: Body mass index, Dental caries, Obesity

Mozhgan Faezi; Nooshin Jalayer Naderi; Salimeh Lashkari

2013-01-01

276

Studies of the Turkish form of the Test for Creative Thinking-Drawing Production  

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Full Text Available This paper explains the results of multi-year applications of the Test for Creative Thinking-Drawing Production in a Turkish context with Turkish participants. The purpose of the study is to present the results of several empirical studies conducted by different Turkish samples, using the instrument which was developed by Jellen and Urban for measuring the creative thinking potentials of individuals. The number of the subjects of all the studies described here totaled to 1529. These participants were of various ages and at various levels of ability, and they included primary school students, university students, and adults, as well as 369 gifted students, and 64 subjects with neurological problems. The author introduces the evaluation procedures, discusses the culturally fair characteristics of the test, and makes a case for the utility of the instrument in Turkey with a comparison of existing data in the literature related to the instrument.

Aysenur Yontar Togrol

2012-01-01

277

Turkish lignite deposits  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The distribution of lignite deposits in Turkey is such that in general the Eocene lignites are in northern Turkey, Oligocene lignites are in northwestern Turkey, Miocene lignites are in western Turkey, and Pliocene-Pleistocene lignites are in eastern Turkey. Only the Oligocene lignites are paralic deposits, the rest being formed in a limnic environment. Turkey has about 8.4 Gt of lignite reserves of which 3.9 Gt are the exploitable reserves. Most of the known lignite deposits in Turkey are of low calorific value and have high contents of ash, moisture and total sulphur. Almost 80% of the total reserves have calorific values below 2500 kcal kg{sup -1}. The lignites having low calorific values are generally consumed in power plants. The lignites having relatively high calorific values are exploited for domestic and industrial use. The majority of Turkish lignite deposits are worked in open-pit mines, but there are also some underground operations. 8 refs., 17 figs., 6 tabs.

Inaner, H.; Nakoman, E. [Faculty of Engineering, Izmir (Turkey). Dept. of Geology

1997-12-31

278

Turkish EFL Learners’ Readiness for Learner Autonomy  

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Full Text Available The notion of ‘learner autonomy’ has become more and more crucial in the field oflanguage learning for the last three decades due to the development of learner centeredapproaches in education. Current literature on learner autonomy suggests that the perceptionand practice of autonomous learning change according to specific cultural and educationalcontexts. Therefore, in any given country, it is important to identify students’ readiness forlearner autonomy before designing or adapting activities to promote autonomous learning.This study is an attempt in that direction. Aiming at identifying university level Turkish EFLlearners’ readiness for learner autonomy, the study investigated 103 learners’ perceptions ofteacher and learner responsibilities, their opinions about their own abilities to actautonomously, and the frequency of actual autonomous language learning activities theyemploy. Results indicated that learners seem to be ready to take more responsibility in manyareas of the language learning process.

Özgür Y?ld?r?m

2008-01-01

279

Effect of continuous slow-speed running for 12 weeks on 10-14-year-old Indian boys.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Endurance training was conducted on a group of 41 East Indian boys aged 10-14 years and was compared with 25 untrained boys of the same age. A continuous slow-running method was adopted for 12 weeks. The intensity of the training was 80-85% of maximum heart rate and frequency was 3 days per week. Th...

Chatterjee, S; Bandyopadhyay, A

280

Peak growth velocity of height, body mass and subcutaneous fat in 10 to 14-year-old boys and girls  

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Full Text Available O pico de velocidade em crescimento, mais especificamente em estatura, é o indicador de maturação somática mais comumente utilizado em estudos longitudinais em adolescentes, Os objetivos deste estudo foram: a) descrever o momento e a magnitude dos picos de velocidade em estatura (PVE), em massa corporal (PVMC) e no somatório de dobras cutâneas tricipital e subescapular (PVDC) em um grupo de meninos e meninas, acompanhados dos 10 aos 14 anos de idade, b) comparar estas variáveis entre os sexos, e c) relacionar o momento dos picos de velocidade das três variáveis. Os sujeitos do estudo foram 70 escolares (35 meninos e 35 meninas), acompanhados dos 10 aos 14 anos de idade. Os resultados demonstraram que o pico de velocidade, nas três variáveis, ocorreu, em média, dos 12 para os 13 anos nos meninos e dois anos antes nas meninas, e a magnitude média dos picos de velocidade apresentou diferenças entre os sexos apenas no PVDC, sendo favorável às meninas. O período em que ocorreram o PVE, o PVMC, e o PVDC não apresentou correlação signifi cativa. Contudo, as análises individuais demonstraram que na maioria dos indivíduos o PVE e o PVDC aconteceram no mesmo período ou com o PVDC ocorrendo um ano após o PVE. Frente a estes resultados, conclui-se que em termos médios, o PVE, o PVMC ocorrem cerca de dois anos antes nas meninas, havendo diferença entre os sexos na magnitude apenas da gordura subcutânea. Além disto, conclui-se que existe grande variabilidade individual no período em que os picos de velocidade em EST, MC e DC ocorrem durante a adolescência, mas a maioria dos indivíduos apresenta os PVE e PVDC em períodos muito próximos. ABSTRACT Peak growth velocity, especially of height (PHV), is the most used indicator of somatic maturity in longitudinal studies of adolescents. The objectives of this study were: a) to describe the time and magnitude of the peak height velocity (PHV), the peak weight velocity (PWV), and the peak subcutaneous fat velocity (PSFV) of a group of boys and girls followed from 10 to 14 years of age, b) to compare these variables between sexes, and c) to relate the time and magnitude of the three peaks with each other. The study sample was made up of 70 schoolchildren (35 boys and 35 girls) who were followed from age 10 to age 14. The results demonstrated that the peak growth velocity of the three variables occurred at 12 to 13 years old among the boys, and two years earlier among the girls. Only the magnitude of PSFV exhibited signifi cant difference, with the girls having higher values. The periods during which PHV, PWV, and PSFV occurred, did not present any significant correlations with each other. Nevertheless, the individual analyses indicated that, in a large proportion of the subjects, peak velocities occurred at the same time, or PSFV occurred one year later than PHV. Based on these results, we conclude that PHV, PWV, and PSFV occur about two years earlier among girls, with a significant difference between the sexes in terms of the magnitude of peak velocity only existing for PSFV. Moreover, we conclude that there is great individual variability at the period that PHV, PWV and PSFV occur during adolescence, but that the greater part of the sample exhibited PHV and PSFV very close together.

Gabriel Gustavo Bergmann; Mauren Lúcia de Araújo Bergmann; Thiago Del Corona Lorenzi; Eraldo dos Santos Pinheiro; Daniel Carlos Garlipp; Rodrigo Baptista Moreira; Alexandre Carriconde Marques; Adroaldo Cezar Araujo Gaya

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

A 14-year-old girl with multiple, firm, dome-shaped eroded nodules and itching on the limbs.  

Science.gov (United States)

The standard treatment of prurigo nodularis (PN) includes antihistamines, ultraviolet light, and topical and systemic corticosteroids; unfortunately, PN is notoriously resistant to the conventional therapy. Herewith is described one case of PN, which was initialized with herose as the first-line therapy resulting in complete clinical clearance. Results of follow-up examinations from 2005 to 2009 showed no evidence of recurrence. Findings indicate that herose monotherapy is a potentially promising therapeutic options for PN. PMID:20597948

Yuqi, Tony Tang

282

A 14-year-old girl with multiple, firm, dome-shaped eroded nodules and itching on the limbs.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The standard treatment of prurigo nodularis (PN) includes antihistamines, ultraviolet light, and topical and systemic corticosteroids; unfortunately, PN is notoriously resistant to the conventional therapy. Herewith is described one case of PN, which was initialized with herose as the first-line therapy resulting in complete clinical clearance. Results of follow-up examinations from 2005 to 2009 showed no evidence of recurrence. Findings indicate that herose monotherapy is a potentially promising therapeutic options for PN.

Yuqi TT

2010-05-01

283

Planning and care mark repair of 14-year old leak in Kuwait Oil Co. LPG tank 95  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This paper points out that the leak, which had been present for such a long time, completely saturated the perlite insulation with hydrocarbons, thus rendering the entire operation of inspection, repair, and maintenance of the inner tank a hazardous operation. It emphasizes the safety aspects, which were complicated by the saturated perlite as well as by the fact that the tank is situated in the middle of the LPG storage area with LPG tanks on either side. Tank design, making preparations, inspection, and repair are discussed. The fact that the leaking flanges were originally installed damaged, indicated the future need of tighter company quality control of all contractors work.

Shtayieh, S.

1983-01-10

284

Prevalence and Severity of Asthma, Rhinitis, and Atopic Eczema in 13- to 14-Year-Old Schoolchildren from Southern Brazil  

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Full Text Available Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema in schoolchildren from southern Brazil. A cross-sectional study was carried out with the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood phase III written questionnaire. The questionnaire was self-applied by 2,948 randomly selected schoolchildren aged 13 to 14 years. The lifetime prevalence rates of symptoms were as follows: wheezing, 40.8%; rhinitis, 40.7%; eczema, 13.6%; self-reported asthma, 14.6%; rhinitis, 31.4%; eczema, 13.4%. Rhinitis was reported by 55% of adolescents with current asthma (60% females vs 46.9% males). Girls 13 to 14 years of age had higher prevalence rates of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema than boys had. Atopic eczema was reported by 42.7% of girls and 31.4% of boys with asthma. The prevalence rates were statistically significant for symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema in females. However, there were no statistically significant differences between the sexes in regard to reported asthma and bronchospasm induced by exercise.

Neto Arnaldo; Annes Rafael; Wolff Nathalia MM; Klein Andréia P; dos Santos Francisco C; Dullius Juliana L; Gressler Marina; Muller Letícia S; Angonese Cristine F; Menna-Barreto Sérgio

2006-01-01

285

[Caries prevalence, periodontal status, traumatised anterior teeth and sealant in 11-14-year olds in Styria  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The average caries prevalence for first year pupils in secondary schools (Hauptschulen and Gymnasien) was 3.2 DMFT and 5.8 DMFS. The corresponding values for fourth year pupils were 6.4 DMFT and 12.4 DMFS. The proportion of children with at least one extracted first molar was 9.2%. Significant differences were observed between the two schooltypes. The periodontal assessment showed pocket depth greater than 3 mm in at least one molar in 42% of the fourth year children. Only 3-4% of those examined had sealed fissures. Carles prevalence in Styrian children is considerably higher than reported for other countries. It therefore appears necessary to intensify dental health in this age group.

Städtler P; Schäfer F; Glockner K

1991-01-01

286

Orthodontic treatment needs in an urban Iranian population, an epidemiological study of 11-14 year old children.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: A preliminary study to investigate the orthodontic treatment need and its gender distribution in urban Iranian schoolchildren. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the school premises. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: For this survey, 502 subjects attending 6 different schools in the city of Isfahan, Iran (253 females and 249 males, aged 11-14 years) were randomly selected and examined, including those who were wearing an orthodontic appliance at the time of the survey (1 female and 5 males). IOTN (DHC and AC) scores were recorded for those who were not undergoing orthodontic treatment. One examiner, who had been formally calibrated in the use of occlusal indices, screened all schoolchildren. IOTN scores was calculated from direct examination. Gender dimorphism was evaluated by the Chi-square test (AC and DHC components of IOTN index). The prevalence of most severe occlusal traits in those who scored DHC 4 and 5 was calculated. RESULTS: At the time of the survey, 1.1% of subjects were wearing an orthodontic appliance, 36.1% had definite need (DHC 4 or 5) for orthodontic treatment, 20.2% borderline need (DHC 3) and 43.8% showed slight or no need for treatment (DHC 1 or 2). Reviewing the AC scores, 17.9% of the studied subjects showed definite need (AC 8-10) for orthodontic treatment, 36.1% borderline need (AC 5-7) and 46% showed slight or no need for treatment (AC 1-4). The prevalence of the four most severe occlusal traits in those with definite orthodontic treatment need were: severe maxillary crowding (43.6%), increased overbite (39.1%), increased overjet (35.8%) and severe mandibular crowding (27.4%). No gender differences were found for AC (P>0.05) and DHC (P>0.05) of IOTN index. CONCLUSION: Approximately one-third of Iranian school children were in need of orthodontic treatment, as determined by the index of orthodontic treatment need.

Borzabadi-Farahani A; Borzabadi-Farahani A; Eslamipour F

2009-06-01

287

Psychosocial and demographic predictors of fruit, juice and vegetable consumption among 11-14-year-old Boy Scouts.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Psychosocial and demographic correlates of fruit, juice and vegetable (FJV) consumption were investigated to guide how to increase FJV intake. DESIGN: Hierarchical multiple regression analysis of FJV consumption on demographics and psychosocial variables. SETTING: Houston, Texas, USA. SUBJECTS: Boys aged 11-14 years (n = 473). RESULTS: FJV preference and availability were both significant predictors of FJV consumption, controlling for demographics and clustering of Boy Scout troops. Vegetable self-efficacy was associated with vegetable consumption. The interaction of preference by home availability was a significant predictor of FJV. The interaction of self-efficacy by home availability showed a trend towards significantly predicting vegetable consumption. No significant interactions were found between body mass index and the psychosocial variables. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that future interventions emphasising an increase in preference, availability and efficacy may increase consumption of FJV in similar populations.

Gallaway MS; Jago R; Baranowski T; Baranowski JC; Diamond PM

2007-12-01

288

Distinct Discrimination Learning Strategies and Their Relation with Spatial Memory and Attentional Control in 4- to 14-Year-Olds  

Science.gov (United States)

|Behavioral, psychophysiological, and neuropsychological studies have revealed large developmental differences in various learning paradigms where learning from positive and negative feedback is essential. The differences are possibly due to the use of distinct strategies that may be related to spatial working memory and attentional control. In…

Schmittmann, Verena D.; van der Maas, Han L. J.; Raijmakers, Maartje E. J.

2012-01-01

289

Models of Micro-Organisms: Children's Knowledge and Understanding of Micro-Organisms from 7 to 14 Years Old  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes the expressed models that children aged 7, 11, and 14 years have about micro-organisms and microbial activity. These were elicited using a variety of data collection techniques that complemented each other, resulting in a rich dataset, and provided information about the level of knowledge and progression of ideas across the…

Byrne, Jenny

2011-01-01

290

Obstructive jaundice secondary to multiple hepatic artery aneurysms in a 14-year-old boy with neurofibromatosis type 1.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Neurofibromatosis type 1 is the most common inherited disorder of the nervous system, affecting approximately 1 in 3,000 people. A small but significant subset of these patients develop vasculopathies. We present the first reported case of neurofibromatosis type 1 presenting with obstructive jaundice secondary to multiple hepatic artery aneurysms. Therapy included staged coil embolization of the hepatic artery aneurysms and resection of a large retroperitoneal neurofibroma.

Morris ME; Jones RG; Walker SK; Yancey AE; Dwivedi AJ; Ross CB

2013-07-01

291

[Self-perception and life satisfaction in video game addiction in young adolescents (11-14 years old)].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Video games are part of our society's major entertainments. This is now a global industry that covers the preferential activity of adolescents. But for some, the practice goes beyond a game and becomes an addictive functioning. Clinical practice is then faced with a new problem. It is important to understand the special bond that develops between a player and his/her video game in order to understand the addictive process. BACKGROUND: The game consists of a virtual world, a graphical construction that is a simulation of reality and which reinvents the laws that govern it. It also consists of a character embodied by the player who controls it: the avatar. Through the virtual world and avatar, the game offers the player a virtual personification that matches his/her expectations and projected ideal. The avatar allows the subject to compensate, or even to modify some aspects of the Self and thus enhance his/her perception of him/herself; the virtual life become more satisfying than real life. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research is to propose, from the study of the relationship between psychosocial variables (self-perception and life satisfaction) and the adolescent's practice of video games, elements of construction of an explanatory model of video gambling addiction. METHODS: The population of this research is composed of 74 adolescents aged 11-14 years (m(age)=12.78 and SD=0.921). Fourteen are identified as addicted to video games by the results of the Game Addiction Scale. The quantitative methodology allows measurement of the different psychosocial variables which appear important in the addictive process. The instruments used are: the Game Addiction Scale, the Self-Perception Profile and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. RESULTS: The results show that adolescents addicted to video games see their virtual and current Self as being less proficient than other teenagers. Furthermore, teenagers addicted to video games see their virtual Self as more proficient and adapted to the environment than their current Self. Moreover, adolescents addicted perceive their lives as less satisfying than others'. Hence, virtual life is perceived as more satisfying than real life among teenagers addicted to video games. Finally, this virtual experience is thus one of the factors that explain the addiction to video games. Through the game, the teenager can "live" a new version of him/herself, becoming secondarily alienating. The virtual world supplants real life and becomes the source of a clash of identity.

Gaetan S; Bonnet A; Pedinielli JL

2012-12-01

292

Reproductive hormone profile and pubertal development in 14-year-old boys prenatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Because polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are thought to cause endocrine disruption, we examined 438 adolescent boys from a birth cohort in the Faroe Islands, where PCB exposures are elevated. We measured PCBs and p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) in cord blood and in serum from clinical examination at age 14. Higher prenatal PCB exposure was associated with lower serum concentrations of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone. In addition, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) was positively associated with both prenatal and concurrent PCB exposures. The PCB-SHBG association was robust to covariate adjustment. In a structural equation model, a doubling in prenatal PCB exposure was associated with a decrease in LH of 6% (p=0.03). Prenatal exposure to PCB and DDE showed weak, non-significant inverse associations with testicular size and Tanner stage. DDE was highly correlated with PCB and showed slightly weaker associations with the hormone profile. These findings suggest that delayed puberty with low serum-LH concentrations associated with developmental exposure to non dioxin-like PCBs may be due to a central hypothalamo-pituitary mechanism.

Grandjean, Philippe; GrØnlund, Ciea

2012-01-01

293

Prevalence and Predictors of Drooling in 7- to 14-Year-Old Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Population Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Aim: To establish a prevalence estimate for drooling and explore factors associated with drooling in a population sample of children with cerebral palsy (CP) aged 7 to 14 years living in Victoria, Australia. Method: A self-report questionnaire was used to collect data on drooling from parents of children born between 1996 and 2001, and registered…

Reid, Susan M.; McCutcheon, Jennifer; Reddihough, Dinah S.; Johnson, Hilary

2012-01-01

294

Modelling Turkish Migration to Germany  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study develops a time series model of Turkish migration to Germany for the period 1963-2004 using the cointegration technique. A single cointegrating relation between the migration flow variable and the relative income ratio between Germany and Turkey, the unemployment rates in Germany and Turk...

Akkoyunlu, Sule; Siliverstovs, Boriss

295

A REV?EW ON SCIENTIFIC EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS OF TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine scientific epistemological beliefs of Turkish teacher candidates. In this research, we used survey method. In this study, 117 selected students by easily accessible sampling techniques participated from department of Turkish education, Faculty of Education of Atatürk University. “Scientific Epistemological Beliefs Survey” adapted in Turkish by Acat, Tüken and Karada? (2010) was used to collect the data. The collected data of the study analyzed by the SPSS 16.0 package program and analyzed by chi-square and t test. At the end of the research it was found significant difference according to the gender in favor of girls and according to level in favor of first-year students in scientific epistemological beliefs.

?zzet ?EREF; ?sa YILMAZ; Behice VARI?O?LU

2012-01-01

296

The Presence of Turkish Accent in the Iranian Turkish Speaking People's Farsi Contrasted with its Absence in Their Speaking English: Minimal Overwhelms Maximal Bilingualism  

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Full Text Available The terms minimal and maximal bilingualism are respectively defined as incipient and native like ability to use a second language. The presence of Turkish accent in the Iranian Turkish speaking people's Farsi, with its absence in their speaking English contradicts the contrast between minimal and maximal dichotomy in bilingualism. These people do not speak Farsi, which is deeply rooted in their culture and way of life, as fluently as English to which they are lightly exposed. A five point Likert scale analysis of ten attitude statements about Farsi and English checked off by 49 out of 490 Iranian Turkish speaking students showed that attitude was the main cause of the problem. Thus, positive or negative attitude toward a second language can facilitate or hinder learning it.

Ataollah Maleki

2011-01-01

297

Competitive Environment Hypothesis in Turkish Banking System  

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Full Text Available This paper investigates the persistence of profit in Turkish banking system for the period of 2004:1 – 2009:4 by focusing net income after tax to total equity (ROE) as profit measures by utilizing panel unit root tests. We found that competition among surviving banks is high in the Turkish Banking System for the period 2004:1 – 2009:4 which means that competitive environment hypothesis is valid in Turkish banking system.

Alper Aslan; Kemal Koksal; Oguz Ocal

2011-01-01

298

Adaptation of Chemistry Perception Questionnaire into Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study with Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to adapt “Chemistry Perception Questionnaire (CPQ)”, developed by Wells (2003), into Turkish and investigate validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the scale. The original version of the scale was composed of 35 items gathered under seven factors (aptitude, chemophobia, discipline, ethnicity, gender, instruction and value). First, permission from the developers of the scale was sought. Then, the items of the scale were translated into Turkish by researcher. The translation validity of the scale was examined by referring to the views of English and Turkish language experts. Once the final form of the scale had been derived, an English language expert translated the items of the scale from Turkish to English. The results obtained from this translation indicated that the Turkish version scale closely approximated to the original scale. Turkish version of the scale was administered to total of 435 university students from Education, Science and Engineering Faculties of Bartin, Kirikkale, Kilis 7 Aralik and Mustafa Kemal Universities. The item-total correlations were calculated and items which had negative or low correlation with the total scale score were excluded from the scale. The construct validity of the scale was examined by exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Varimax rotation technique was used due to the separation into irrelevant factors. Finally the scale was constructed from 20 items gathered under five factors (gender, value, chemophobia, discipline, aptitude). The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha) for the whole scale was calculated as .745.

Cemal Tosun

2013-01-01

299

Validity and Reliability of the Academic Resilience Scale in Turkish High School  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study aims to determine the validity and reliability of the academic resilience scale in Turkish high school. The participances of the study includes 378 high school students in total (192 female and 186 male). A set of analyses were conducted in order to determine the validity and reliability of the study. Firstly, both exploratory…

Kapikiran, Sahin

2012-01-01

300

Exploration of Problematic Internet Use and Social Interaction Anxiety among Turkish Pre-Service Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study investigated the relationship between problematic Internet use and social interaction anxiety among pre-service teachers. Participants were 1235 students attending teacher training programs at a Turkish state university. The "Problematic Internet Use Scale" and "Social Interaction Anxiety Scale" were used to collect the data.…

Cuhadar, Cem

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

A Study of Prospective Turkish Science Teachers' Knowledge at the Popular Biotechnological Issues  

Science.gov (United States)

|The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge level of popular biotechnological issues of prospective Turkish science teachers. A questionnaire was administered during 2005-2006 academic year to 194 students in the Department of Science Education of a university in Turkey. The questionnaire covered six biotechnological issues such as…

Darcin, Emine Selcen; Turkmen, Lutfullah

2006-01-01

302

Prospective Turkish Primary Teachers' Views about the Use of Computers in Mathematics Education  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of computers and technology in mathematics education affects students' learning, achievements, and affective dimensions. This study explores prospective Turkish primary mathematics teachers' views about the use of computers in mathematics education. The sample comprised of 129 fourth-year prospective primary mathematics teachers from two…

Dogan, Mustafa

2012-01-01

303

Genetic relationships among Turkish sheep  

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Full Text Available Abstract Genetic relationships among Turkish sheep breeds were analysed on the basis of 30 microsatellite markers. Phylogenetic analyses based on the estimation of genetic distances revealed the closest relationships for the Akkaraman, Morkaraman and Tuj breeds, which were clearly differentiated from the others in the dendrogram. Our pattern was completely confirmed by results from the Factorial Correspondence Analysis. All the results described analysing either population parameters or individuals revealed a clear separation between the fat-tailed group and the others. These results, based on nuclear DNA, are discussed along with those already reported for these breeds through the investigation of mitochondrial DNA, which had revealed the invaluable significance of the genetic background of these Turkish sheep.

Uzun Metehan; Gutiérrez-Gil Beatriz; Arranz Juan-José; Primitivo Fermín; Saatci Mustafa; Kaya Mehmet; Bayón Yolanda

2006-01-01

304

CONTROL COLUMN FOR TURKISH BATH  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A control column for Turkish bath internally houses a steam generator (4) and a touch-screen control panel (12) that can be activated by the user through contact with a front wall (5) of the control column, has a housing (6) for a collection container (9), and is provided with a hydraulic circuit (10) that is connected to the mains water supply and extends through the control column to supply water into said collection container (9).

BORGHETTI MARCO; MANDOLINI LUIGI

305

The adaptation study of oral communication strategy inventory into Turkish  

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Full Text Available Individuals use a variety of strategies in the course of speaking which can be identified via measurement tools. In the literature, strategy inventories are regarded as the most commonly used measurement tools. However, most of the strategy inventories lack the reliability and validity studies. Furthermore, most of them represent strategies that the learner could use throughout the language learning process and they are not directly relevant to the skill of speaking. Moreover, in the literature, most of the studies carried out on speaking strategies are based on the inventories developed for learners learning English as a second language. With respect to other measurement tools, Oral Communication Strategy Inventory (OCSI) developed by Nakatani (2006) for Japanese learning English as a foreign language had a clear factor structure and it seemed less problematic. Thus, the purpose of this study was to adapt OCSI into Turkish. Our concern in the adaptation study of OCSI is to investigate whether oral communication strategies classified in OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006) would also measure Turkish EFL students’ speaking strategy use.Within the scope of adaptation study, the inventory was translated to Turkish and evaluated with the method of back translation. The equivalence between English form and Turkish form, construct validity and internal consistency were examined. The research was conducted with 808 students studying English as a foreign language at ELT departments of three different universities and Anatolian High schools. Based on the findings concerning the reliability and validity studies, it can be concluded that the classification of the original form of OCSI differs from the adapted version to some extent in that the Turkish form is made up of seven factors in contrast to the original inventory consisting of eight factors. Non verbal strategies which existed in Nakatani’s original inventory did not appear in the adaptation form. Instead, the items that consist of nonverbal strategies gave loadings to negotiation for meaning strategies, which implies that the purpose of the interlocutors while using one strategy may be culture specific.

?aziye Yaman; Mehtap Kavaso?lu

2013-01-01

306

Creative Thought in Teaching Turkish Language  

Science.gov (United States)

Primary Turkish lesson curriculum aims to educate individuals who can use Turkish and the abilities of speaking, writing, listening and reading efficiently; who can express feelings, ideas and dreams; who are sensitive to national values and who has the consciousness of language and the top level conscious abilities such as classification,…

Aytan, Talat; Guney, Nail; Gun, Mesut

2011-01-01

307

Geographic Education in Turkish High Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents a review of geographic curricula, teaching methods, materials and assessments in Turkish high schools. Geopolitics and political instability have contributed to large fluctuations in emphasis on geography in Turkish education and have also affected the content of the geography curriculum.

Tas, Halil I.

2005-01-01

308

THE SELF SUFFICIENCY PERCEPTION OF THE TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES ON USING CREATIVE DRAMA METHOD  

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Full Text Available The self sufficiency perception of the Turkish teacher candidates on using creative drama method is desired to be determined in this study. Surveymethod was used in the study. The research group is consisted of 112 fourth grade students of Turkish Teaching Department at Fatih Education Faculty of Black Sea Technical University in 2011-2012 education terms. “The self-sufficiency scale on using creative drama method” which was built up by Can ve Cantürk-Günhan (2009) was used as data collecting device in this study. The scale consist of 47 questions and the type is 5 point likert scale. Cronbach alfa reliability coefficient of the scale is calculated 0, 96. As a result has been determined that Turkish teacher candidates have self sufficiency “I reasonably agree” level on using creative drama method.?

Latife KIRBA?O?LU KILIÇ; Bircan EYÜP

2013-01-01

309

ORTHOGRAPHIC INTERFERENCE and THE TEACHING OF BRITISH PRONUNCIATION TO TURKISH LEARNERS  

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Full Text Available This article is the report of an investigation of pronunciation difficulties of Turkish speakers/learners of English which are due to differences in the sound-letter representations in the orthographies of the two languages, namely called “ortographic interference”. These difficulties are different in nature than those arising from differences in the sound sysytems of Turkish and English.1While Turkish orthography is to a large extent phonemic, i.e. employing a one-to-one letter-sound correspondence (with few exceptions such as k - kâr- ? - yegane- gavur, etc.), English orthography, on the other hand, represents 46 sounds of the spoken language with 102 single or group of letters in the written language.Such actual difficulties arising from the differences in the orthographic sound-letter represenatations of Turkish and English are classified, evaluated, and their sources are explained through a detailed phonetic analysis as applied to research methods of “contarstive analysis” and “error analysis”, which are effective approaches in the field of Applied Linguistics and Foreign Language Learning.For different categories of difficulties, corrective exercises are recommended for the teaching and learning of English pronunciation to Turkish students.

Prof. Dr.Sinan Bayraktaro?lu

2008-01-01

310

A new diagnostic approach for Turkish speaking populations DAWBA Turkish Version.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Aims. Turkey has the youngest population in Europe with about 25 million people aged below 19 years and Turkish-speaking people comprise the biggest migrant group in Europe with 2.5 million people dispersed in different countries, but conducting epidemiologic surveys on Turkish people is challenging due to the lack of a suitable diagnostic tool. The Development and Well-Being Assessment (DAWBA) is one of the most widely used diagnostic interviews in child and adolescent psychiatry. In this study, we aimed at translating the DAWBA into Turkish and then examined its validity and reliability. Methods. The validity of the Turkish version was examined in clinical (n = 50) and community (n = 104) samples. The interrater reliability was also evaluated on 20 cases. Results. The translation method used in the study achieved semantic, conceptual, content, technical, item and criterion equivalence between the Turkish and original forms. The validity of the Turkish DAWBA was good or excellent for different diagnostic categories (?: 0.43-0.84); the interrater reliability was also excellent (?: 0.85-1). Conclusions. The Turkish DAWBA may be useful for future prevalence studies in Turkey. European clinicians and researchers who work with Turkish-speaking families can use the online Turkish DAWBA to gather structured information from Turkish-speaking informants and review the answers in their own language.

Dursun OB; Guvenir T; Aras S; Ergin C; Mutlu C; Baydur H; Ozbek A; Ozek H; Alsen S; Iscanli L; Karaman BI; Goodman R

2013-09-01

311

Innovation in teaching deaf students physics and astronomy in Bulgaria  

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This paper presents a new strategy to be implemented in Bulgarian schools in teaching physics and astronomy to students with impaired hearing at grades 7 (13-year-old students) and 8 (14-year-old students). The strategy provides effective education for students with hearing disabilities in mainstream schools as well as for those attending specialized schools. A multimedia CD has been developed, which offers a large number of basic terms from the corresponding fields of physics and astronomy, accompanied by textual explanation and various illustrations. The terms are explained in Bulgarian, Bulgarian Sign Language and English. This multimedia product can be used by children with hearing disabilities, as well as by children without disorders.

Zamfirov, Milen; Saeva, Svetoslava; Popov, Tsviatko

2007-01-01

312

Aircraft emissions at Turkish airports  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] This paper deals with estimating aircraft landing and take-off (LTO) emissions (HC, CO, NOx, SO2) at 40 Turkish airports including the biggest airports, i.e. Ataturk International Airport (AIA) in Istanbul, Antalya Airport in Antalya and Esenboga Airport in Ankara in 2001. The calculation model is based on flight data recorded by the State Airports Authority. The flight data include the type and number of aircraft, number of passengers, amount of cargo etc., which depend on day-time and date. For the emission calculations the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)-Engine emission data bank, which includes minimum and maximum values for both fuel flow rates and emissions factors, is used. By using first the minimum and then the maximum values from the data bank, two estimations of aircraft LTO emissions at Turkish airports are calculated: i.e. minimum and maximum estimations. Total LTO emissions from aircraft at Turkish airports are estimated to be between 7614.34 and 8338.79 t/year. These results are comparable with those from USA airports. Approximately half of these amounts are produced at AIA. To predict future emissions, it is estimated that an increase of 25% in LTO cycles might cause a rise of between 31 and 33% in emissions. The estimations show that a decrease of 2 min in taxiing time results in a decrease of 6% in LTO emissions. The estimation model used in this study can be used for expansions and planning of airports from an environmental point of view. (author)

2005-01-01

313

Chernobyl radioactivity in Turkish tea  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Radioactivity measurement of Turkish tea of 1986 crops is reported. The total cesium activity ranged from about 5500 Bq kg-1 up to 43600 Bq kg-1. Some other fission products from Chernobyl could be detected in the tea samples, e.g., 95Zr, 95Nb, 103Ru, 106Ru, 110mAg and 125Sb. In addition, some activity values found in tea from USSR are given. The transfer rate of cesium from tea leaves to tea water was found to be about 74%. (author) 6 refs.; 1 fig.; 2 tabs

1990-05-17

314

STUDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS OF THE REALIZATION PROCESS OF PROJECT AND PERFORMANCE TASKS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL TURKISH LANGUAGE COURSE (CASE OF MALATYA CITY) ?LKÖ?RET?M TÜRKÇE DERS? PROJE VE PERFORMANS GÖREVLER?N?N GERÇEKLE?T?R?LME SÜREC?NE YÖNEL?K Ö?RENC? GÖRÜ?LER? (MALATYA ?L? ÖRNE??)  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine students’ views about the implementation of project and performance tasks in second level primary school Turkish Language curriculum. A-28 item five-point Likert type Project and Performance Task scale was used to collect the data. The research group consisted of sixth, seventh and eighth grade students enrolled in 12 primary schools located in four education regions in Malatya city center. To analyze the data, independent groups t test was used in terms of gender variable and One Way Anova was used in terms of class level and socio-economic level of the schools. Turkish Language Education curriculum was found effective in using project and performance tasks as an alternative measurement and evaluation tool. By taking into consideration project and performance tasks as a process centered measurement and evaluation application, students should be provided a suitable environment where they can construct the knowledge. Bu ara?t?rman?n amac?, ?lkö?retim ?kinci Kademe Türkçe Dersi Ö?retim Program?’ndaki proje ve performans görevlerinin uygulanmas?na ili?kin ö?renci görü?lerini belirlemektir. Ara?t?rmada veri toplamak amac? ile 28 maddeden olu?an be?li Likert Tipi Proje ve Performans Görevleri Ölçe?i kullan?lm??t?r. Bu ara?t?rman?n çal??ma grubunu, Malatya il merkezinde dört e?itim bölgesinden seçilen 12 ilkö?retim okulundaki 6, 7 ve 8. s?n?f ö?rencileri olu?turmaktad?r. Verilerin analizinde cinsiyet de?i?kenine göre ba??ms?z gruplar t testi, s?n?f ve sosyoekonomik düzey de?i?kenlerine göre varyans analizi kullan?lm??t?r. Alternatif ölçme ve de?erlendirme araçlar?ndan olan proje ve performans görevlerinin uygulanmas? noktas?nda Türkçe Ö?retim Program?n?n genel olarak etkili oldu?u belirlenmi?tir. Proje ve performans görevlerinin süreç odakl? ölçme ve de?erlendirme uygulamalar? oldu?u göz önünde bulundurularak, ö?renciye bilgiyi yap?land?raca?? ortam ve destek sa?lanmal?d?r.

Mehmet Nuri GÖMLEKS?Z; Ahmet Turan S?NAN; Sezgin DEM?R

2010-01-01

315

Activation analysis of Turkish and Canadian clays and Turkish pottery  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Activation analysis of Canadian and Turkish clays showed that Cs, Th, Sc, Hf, Ta and Co were the most useful elements to study in order to obtain a differentiation by multivariate analysis. The same elements were used to study a variety of Turkish potsherds. It was found that Roman and Byzantine pottery from Yalincak, and Phrygian pottery from Great Tumulus and Tumulus 2 were most probably made from local clay beds. Phrygian pottery from Yalincak shows a tendency to form a small sub-group. However, there are a large number of outliers. No such grouping was found with the Bronze Age pottery analyzed. About 100 mg of sample were weighed into quartz ampoules. A standard pottery was used as a reference in the measurements. Samples were irradiated for a period of 24 hours. The first activity measurements were made a week after the irradiation. The measurement lasted 4000 seconds. A 30 cm3 Ge(Li) detector was coupled to a 4096-channel pulse-height analyzer. The data were recorded on magnetic tapes which were then computer-processed to calculate the peak areas using the program GAMMANAL. Tabulated data on more than 150 samples are given. (T.G.)

1976-09-13

316

The reliability and validity of Self Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH) in a Turkish sample  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the reliability and validity of Self Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH) in a Turkish sample. Methods: The scale items were translated into Turkish by the researchers and three specialists who have good knowledge of both languages. The scale was translated back by two specialists, and experts opinions from different fields were consulted on the properness of the phrases. The scale was pre-administered to 40 university students. The scale was administered to a group of 299 university students so as to obtain results on validity and reliability, and to a group of 202 university students so as to find out the concurrent validity. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA) were conducted to determine and confirm the structure of the scale. The scale was administered to a group of 40 university students over a three weeks interval for test-retest reliability of the scale. Results: EFA and CFA showed that the items had a two-factor structure in Turkish culture. It was found out that factor loading of the 23 items ranged between 0.533 and 0.771; item-total correlation ranged between 0.445 and 0.754. Internal consistency coefficient (Cronbach’s alpha) of the whole scale was found out to be 0.90, coefficient of stability 0.82, concurrent validity 0.71. Conclusion: The results of this study show that the Turkish version of SSOSH is a reliable and valid scale for the assessment of self-stigma of seeking help on university student population.

sevgi sezer; fatih kezer

2013-01-01

317

Study of Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Core Bereavement Items Research Article  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Core Bereavement Items (CBI) that assess the intensities of the bereavement reaction of bereaved individuals. Methods: The study involved 50 bereaved subjects who had lost a loved one through death within the past two months and 50 unbereaved subjects who had not experience such a loss within the past 5 years or more prior to the test. Internal consistency and homogeneity were tested by the Cronbach’s and Pearson’s correlation coefficients. The student’s t-test and Pearson’s correlation coefficient were used for rest-retest reliability. Validity was assessed with the student’s t-test in independent groups.Results: Psychometric analyses showed that the Turkish version of the CBI had a high internal consistency (a=0.94). As for internal consistency, the • ranged between 0.46 and 0.87 for each item. The items of the CBI discriminated the bereaved group from the unbereaved group, except for items 4, 8, 9, 10.Conclusion: The Turkish version of the CBI has appropriate reliability and validity for assessing the intensity of bereavement. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2011; 48: 129-34)

Yavuz Selvi; Rabia ?clal Öztürk; Mehmed Yücel A?argün; Lütfullah Be?iro?lu; Ali Sava? Çilli

2011-01-01

318

Obesity-related factors in Turkish school children.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of obesity and its risk factors in Turkish children. METHOD: This cross-sectional survey was conducted on students including 1271 boys and 1206 girls selected from 20 secondary schools in Samsun, Turkey. A predesigned questionnaire was used to elicit the information on individual characteristics. The height and weight of students were measured in their classroom. Obesity was defined as body mass index at or above the 95th percentile for age of the sex-specific CDC growth charts. RESULT: The mean age was 12.8 ± 0.9 years, and the prevalence of obesity was found at 10.3%. There were higher numbers of obese students in boys than in girls (X(2) = 53.4; P < 0.001). The prevalence of obesity was 10.0% and 16.8% in public and private school students, respectively. The percentage of obese children in students who skipped breakfast was found to be higher than that in the group that consumed 3 meals a day regularly. There was no difference at time spent in sedentary behavior except watching TV, and prevalence of obesity in the group of students watching television over 3 hours per day was higher than that in their counterparts (X(2) = 13.6; P < 0.01). The time of engagement in sports was lower in obese group statistically (F = 8.9; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In order to prevent childhood obesity, monitoring children's lifestyle by parents is necessary.

Dündar C; Öz H

2012-01-01

319

Cross-Cultural Validation of the Beck Depression Inventory-II across U.S. and Turkish Samples  

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|The purpose of this study was to test the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) for factorial invariance across Turkish and U.S. college student samples. The results indicated that (a) a two-factor model has an adequate fit for both samples, thus providing evidence of configural invariance, and (b) there is a metric invariance but "no" sufficient…

Canel-Cinarbas, Deniz; Cui, Ying; Lauridsen, Erica

2011-01-01

320

Psychometric Properties of Turkish Version of Childhood Trauma Questionnaire among Adolescents with Gender Differences  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and its subscales among adolescents. The participants consisted of 1275 high school students (14 - 19 years) with a mean age of 16.33 (SD = 1.01). The confirmatory factor analysis has revealed that CTQ has three subscale (physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse). Cronbach’s alpha for the total scale was .91, for physical abuse .84, for emotional abuse .89, for sexaul abuse .70. The test-retest correlation coefficient for the total score (n = 65) was .81, for physical abuse .82, for emotional abuse .80, and sexual abuse .75 at 3 weeks indicating adequate reliability. Discriminant validity was satisfactory. The results of the study have shown that the Turkish version of CTQ psychometrically sound among high school students.

Ay?e Rezan; Çeçen Erogul

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

An analysis of textbooks on the Turkish language for 5thgrades in terms of critical thinking  

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Full Text Available This study was conducted with the aim to determine to what extent 5th grade Turkish text books included critical thinking strategies. In the study, it was examined whether course books included 5 dimensions of cognitive strategies or not. In this study, qualitative and quantitative research designs were used together. Document review was used as qualitative data collection method and 22 texts in 5th Grade Turkish text books published by Ministry of National Education and a private publishing house taught in Province of Sakarya were reviewed. This data collection tool developed was applied to the texts in accordance with the concepts determined by three individual researchers and checking process of the concepts was performed. As a result of the research, it was concluded that the texts in 5th grade Turkish text books prepared by National Education Publishing House included the strategies for developing critical thinking skills of students more than the texts in 5th grade Turkish course books prepared by the private publishing house. In addition, it was seen that both National Education Publishing House and private publishing house did not include the critical t hinking dimensions to the required extent.

Ergün Öztürk; Mehmet Razgatl?o?lu

2013-01-01

322

Turkish Version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS- 42): Psychometric Properties  

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Full Text Available Objective: This study explores the reliability, the construct and convergent validity of the Turkish version of the DASS-42.Methods: The Turkish-language version of the DASS-42 was administered to a non-clinical sample, broadly representative of a university student population (N=1102) in terms of demographic variables. Competing models of the latent structure of the DASS were derived from theoretical and empirical sources and evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis. The convergent validity of the scale was examined by correlating it with the previously validated and frequently used Turkish version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: The best fitting model of the latent structure of the DASS consisted of three correlated factors corresponding to the depression, anxiety, and stress scales. The reliability of the DASS was excellent and the measure possessed adequate convergent validity.Conclusion: The Turkish version of the DASS-42 is a reliable and valid measure of the constructs it was intended to assess. This measure was found useful for evaluating depression, anxiety, and stress in non-clinical population. Further studies are needed to study the utility of this measure in psychiatric patients. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2010; 47: 118-26)

Nazan Bilgel; Nuran BAYRAM

2010-01-01

323

Turkish Adaptation of Motor Activity Log-28  

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Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of the work reported here was to provide a practical model for translation and cultural adaptation of a rehabilitation test instrument, while carrying out the Turkish adaptation of Motor Activity Log-28 (MAL-28). We translated the MAL-28 into Turkish in a manner that would allow the work carried out with Turkish speaking patients to be compared directly with the published studies using this instrument, which have mainly had English speaking subjects.Materials and Methods: The translation and cultural adaptation were carried out according to the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research guideline (ISPOR) using the following steps: forward translation, reconciliation, back translation, back translation review, harmonization, cognitive debriefing, review of cognitive debriefing test results and finalization. The participants were thirteen eligible patients chosen from a total of 21 post-stroke patients. Results: Twenty-two of the 28 items were identical in the three forward translations, while six required minor modifications to make them appropriate for use in Turkish-speaking patients.Conclusion: A practical model for translation and cultural adaptation of the MAL-28 into Turkish was employed. The translated and adapted test proved to be easily understood by the patients and interviewer. Turk J Phys Med Rehab 2010;56:1-5.

Engin Çakar; Ümit Dinçer; Mehmet Zeki K?ralp; Hilmi K?laç; Nejat Tongur; Edward Taub

2010-01-01

324

Discourse of Mobbing in Turkish Press  

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Full Text Available Mobbing (Psychological violence in working place) has been researched especially by the scientists making researches in organizational communication for last 20-25 years. In Turkey, mobbing concept is a newer research field. In this study, how the news regarding mobbing has been given in Turkish press will be analyzed with Van Dijk?s discourse analysis.How the news regarding mobbing has taken place in Turkish press will be analyzed by applying Van Dijk?s discourse analysis. From the year of 1997 when the news related to the mobbing appeared to today, what kinds of differences happened in news discourses especially with taking place of mobbing in Turkish Criminal Law, will be analyzed.

Ece Karado?an Doruk

2011-01-01

325

The Adaptation of the Adolescent Food Habit Checklist to the Turkish Adolescents.  

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Full Text Available Background: Adolescent Food Habit Checklist (AFHC) is an instrument designed to measure eating behaviours of adolescents. The aim of the study was to adapt AFHC for the Turkish cultural settings and evaluate its? reliability and construct validity. Methods: Forward and backward translations were carried out and Turkish version of the AFHC was generated. AFHC was administered to 347 students attending second grade primary school. Validity and reliability analyses were used for the assessment of the study data. Results: Four item with the inter-item correlation below 0,2 was eliminated from Turkish version of AFHC. The final instrument consist of 19 items, evaluating consumption of sugar (4 item), fat (6 item), fruit-vegetable (6 item), carbohydrate and fast food (2 item) and general diet (1 item). The inter-item correlation of these items were between 0,21 and 0,46. The instrument was internally consistent, with Cronbach's alpha-coefficients of 0,718. There was positive correlation with test-retest reliability ( r=0.854; p<0.001). AFHC scale score of obese, overweight adolescents were (8,74±4,03) lower than normal weight (10,53±3,39) adolescents ( p=0.003). Boys (9.22±3.46) had lower scale scores than girls (11.18±3.42) ( p<0.001) demonstrating construct validity. Conclusions: The Turkish version of AFHC questionnaire is reliable and valid measure evaluating Turkish adolescents eating behaviours. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(1.000): 49-56

Inci Arikan; Ayse Esra Aksu; Selma Metintas; Cemalettin Kalyoncu

2012-01-01

326

CONTEMPORARY USAGE OF TRADITIONAL TURKISH MOTIFS IN PRODUCT DESIGNS  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to identify the traditional Turkish motifs and its relations among present industrial designs. Traditional Turkish motifs played a very important role in 16th century onwards. The arts of the Ottoman Empire were used because of their symbolic meanings and unique styles. When we examine these motifs we encounter; Tiger Stripe, Three Spot (Çintemani), Rumi, Hatayi, Penç, Cloud, Crescent, Star, Crown, Hyacinth, Tulip and Carnation motifs. Nowadays, Turkish designers have begun to use these traditional Turkish motifs in their designs so as to create differences and awareness in the world design. The examples of these industrial designs, using the Turkish motifs, have survived and have Ottoman heritage and historical value. In this study, the Turkish motifs will be examined along with their focus on contemporary Turkish industrial designs used today.

Tulay Gumuser

2012-01-01

327

Modelling and forecasting Turkish residential electricity demand  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This research investigates the relationship between Turkish residential electricity consumption, household total final consumption expenditure and residential electricity prices by applying the structural time series model to annual data over the period from 1960 to 2008. Household total final consumption expenditure, real energy prices and an underlying energy demand trend are found to be important drivers of Turkish residential electricity demand with the estimated short run and the long run total final consumption expenditure elasticities being 0.38 and 1.57, respectively, and the estimated short run and long run price elasticities being -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. Moreover, the estimated underlying energy demand trend, (which, as far as is known, has not been investigated before for the Turkish residential sector) should be of some benefit to Turkish decision makers in terms of energy planning. It provides information about the impact of past policies, the influence of technical progress, the impacts of changes in consumer behaviour and the effects of changes in economic structure. Furthermore, based on the estimated equation, and different forecast assumptions, it is predicted that Turkish residential electricity demand will be somewhere between 48 and 80 TWh by 2020 compared to 40 TWh in 2008. - Research highlights: ? Estimated short run and long run expenditure elasticities of 0.38 and 1.57, respectively. ? Estimated short run and long run price elasticities of -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. ? Estimated UEDT has increasing (i.e. energy using) and decreasing (i.e. energy saving) periods. ? Predicted Turkish residential electricity demand between 48 and 80 TWh in 2020.

328

MEASURING THE EFFICIENCY OF TURKISH APPAREL RETAILERS  

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Full Text Available This study analysed the efficiencies of Turkish apparel retailers in 2010 by using actual retail data based on the research conducted by PricewaterhouseCoopers and published in Turkish-Time periodical by using data envelopment analysis method in Excel Solver. The efficiencies of the retailers were evaluated in terms of overall technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency. In addition, input targets for each company were calculated in order to identify the improvement ratios that each of the inefficient companies can become efficient by achieving these ratios.

Nazan ERDUMLU; Canan SARIÇAM

2013-01-01

329

A Turkish cultural circle: Bektashi Alevism  

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Full Text Available The “Bektashi Alevism” is a necessary definition for common and effective social construction along spreading from Anatolia to Balkans. The Turkish Language made its existence to continue in cultural environment as long as Bektashi Alevism continued. Macedonian, Kosovo and Bulgarian Bektashism are still in this circle and effect, especially in 20 Century after dispersion of Ottoman Empire. But more progress is seen on Bektashies activities living in European countries such as Germany and Belgium. They, namely “diaspora”, have entered a new and Turkish cultural environment centered structure especially using internet.

Y?lmaz Soyyer

2005-01-01

330

Acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early childhood  

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Full Text Available In this empirical study focuses on acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early childhood. The population of the study includes bilingual children at the age of 5 – 6 living in Antalya/Turkey. The sampling of the study consisted of 40 Russian-Turkish bilingual children in total (20 children are for control group and 20 children are for experiment group). During the collection of data have been used Descoeudres Dictionary Test (DDT) and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test (PPVT). Both of the groups were applied pre test and post test. Language – Focused Curriculum (LFC) was applied to experiment group for 16 weeks. Two factor ANOVA and t test were used in the analyses of data. As a conclusion, it was understood that LFC is effective at developing Turkish receptive and expressive language of bilingual children.

Zeliha Yaz?c?; Begümhan Yüksel; Münevver Can Ya?ar

2010-01-01

331

A Comparing of Body Composition Components in Physically Active and Inactive Male Students of Sharoud University of Technology  

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Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of this study is to investigate the body mass indexes and physical activities of 11-14 year -old adolescent boys in Khooshab.Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 300 male students aging 11-14 years old in Khooshab (2009). Subjects were selected via random sampling. Underweight, overweight and obesity were defined based on the 5th, 85th and 95th percentiles of body mass index (BMI) for age and sex, respectively, as proposed by CDC, 2000. Physical activity levels were assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Sedentary behaviors and socioeconomic status of subjects were assessed by means of a researcher- made questionnaire.Results: The overall prevalence of underweight and overweight-obesity was 16% and 3.38%, respectively. The levels of light; intermediate, and heavy physical activity among the obese subjects were 19, 24 and 15, among normal subjects were 19, 44, and 36, and among the lean ones were 22, 60 and 41 mins in 24 hours. Physical activity levels significantly were lower (P<0.01) in overweight-obese subjects than in normal-weight and underweight subjects. Television watching times were higher (P<0.05) in overweight-obese subjects than normal-weight subjects. Education levels of parents were significantly higher in overweight-obese subjects than normal-weight subjects.Conclusion: we concluded that prevalence of underweight was higher than prevalence overweight and obesity among 11-14 year-old adolescent boys in Khooshab. Furthermore, physical activity was not related to body mass index and increase in sedentary behaviors (television waticng) were related with obesity and overweight in our subjects.

Mehdi Broghani; mohamadreza hamedinea; mohamadreza asad; mehdi zarae

2010-01-01

332

The Reliability and Validity of Adolescent Health Promotion Scale in Turkish Community Original Article  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Health-promoting lifestyles of adolescents are closely related to their current and subsequent health status. However, few studies in Turkey have examined health-promoting behaviors of adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of Adolescent Health Promotion Scale that was translated into the Turkish language.Materials and Method: In study, item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, and reliability measures of the scale, were assessed based on the responses of 358 students. Results: Factor analysis yielded a six-factor instrument that explained 38.48% of the variance in the 40 items. The Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient for the total scale was calculated 0.86, and ranged from 0.50 to 0.74 for the subscales. Conclusion: The results indicated that the Turkish version of the Adolescent Health Promotion Scale is a reliable and valid tool for use among Turkish students. (Journal of Current Pediatrics 2011; 9: 14-22)

Ayla Bay?k Temel; Fatma Ba?alan ?z; Sema Y?ld?z; Derya Yetim

2011-01-01

333

THE MANIFESTATION OF CULTURE IN IRANIAN AND TURKISH HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH TEXT BOOKS  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to examine the cultural references in Iranian and Turkish high school English text books. Because textbooks play a pivotal role in the realm of language teaching and learning and they are looked upon as an indispensable vehicle for foreign language learning, this study aims at investigating the extent to which the Iranian and Turkish high school English textbooks represent the cultural principles. this study is interested in screening the cultural references in the content of the instructional materialsof Iran and Turkey at high school level. This research was done on the reading section as the kernel part of these books. To achieve the objective, Ramirez and Hall’s (1990) categorization is used. The analysis was carried out within a coding scheme with eightcategories. Results of the study indicate that the ELT textbooks in Turkey and more in Iran appear too weak to provide new information or broaden students’ worldview or cultural understanding. In other words, the study seems to postulate that changes should be made if we want to prepare the students to communicate in the multicultural world ofEnglish and if we want to use the nationally developed textbooks for the optimum benefit. The findings of the study present the point that cultural principles are not utilized in the Iranian and Turkish high school textbooks.

Farahnaz Rimani Nikou; Fatemeh Soleimani

2012-01-01

334

Learning from SimCity: an empirical study of Turkish adolescents.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

SimCity is a system simulation game frequently used in educational settings. This study investigates whether playing SimCity could change Turkish adolescents' perception of the city they live in. We hypothesized that playing the game would lead to perceptional changes in the players regarding their ideal and real cities. Two hundred forty eight 13-year old Turkish adolescents attending 7th grade constituted the sample. Ninety adolescents played the game for six weeks. Their scores on various perception variables on city issues were compared to those of the control group's. Results showed that students in the experimental group changed their expectations of an ideal city to resemble the game, expected city authorities to pay greater attention to city issues, and reported higher level of distrust to city authorities at the post-test compared to those in the control group. Findings are discussed in terms of the potential of SimCity in training informed citizens.

Tanes Z; Cemalcilar Z

2010-10-01

335

Elite theory applied to contemporary Turkish society  

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Full Text Available This study aims to analyse, the general power structure of Turkish society. On a general basis “Elite Theory” was used in this study to understand, to examine and to explain the power structure of Turkish society. Elite theory highlights power, control and influence for examining it’s subject and there are various elite theories within this context, such as elitist elite theory, pluralist elite theory, democratic elite theory, demo-elite perspective and the corporatist perspective. Specifically, this paper examined Turkish elites using democratic elite theory, but emphasised “the demo-elite perspective” within democratic elite theory. However, to some degree, it profited from other elite theories, such as the pluralist perspective and the corporatist perspective. In accordance with the pluralists views one could argue that, power has been diffused and fragmented among many people or elite groups which together participate in the decision-making process in contemporary Turkish society. Nevertheless, decisive and effective power (parallel with the main thesis of the elitist view) has been concentrated and centralised in the hands of the small number of elite groups which are the most powerful in the national power structure.

Ali Arslan

2005-01-01

336

Turkish Geography Trainee Teachers' Perceptions of Geography  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines Turkish geography trainee teachers' perceptions of geography as a discipline and perceptions of the aim of geographical education. This study pursues the ideas of Catling (2004) and uses his classification. The sample in the research consists of 136 geography trainees at six different universities in Turkey. The questionnaire…

Alkis, Secil

2009-01-01

337

AN EVALUATION ABOUT COMPARATIVE TURKISH DIALECTS DICTIONARY  

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Full Text Available After the Divanu Lughati't-Türk of Ka?garl? operation of the first comparative dictionary is studying of Radloff Op?t Slovarya Tyurkskih Nareçiy (Trial of Turkish Dialects Dictionary). The first comparative dictionary work done in Turkey Hüseyin Kaz?m Kadri, at 1927 the first two volumes of the work of Turk Lugati and in the other two volumes published in the 1940s. Although very essential for Turkey and Turkish world there has not been a comparative dictionary study in Turkey until 1991.At 1991 the disintegration of the Soviet Union and after the establishment of the new Turkish republics a Comparative Dictionary of Turkish Dialects hastily prepared by the Ministry of Culture. There are lots of missing from preparation technique of this dictionary to content. This glossary is intended to provide a basis for scientific studies made in Turkey with a new dictionary to be prepared for the new pressures and detect any flaws and is important to consider in the dictionary.

Hikmet KORA?

2013-01-01

338

Turkish Primary School Pupils' Views on Punishment  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers meet with unwanted behavior when they are acting as facilitators of the learning process and they resort to certain tactics to deal with them. One of these tactics is punishment. This study aimed to identify the views held by Turkish primary school pupils on punishment. According to the results of the study, pupils were punished for…

Aydin, Bahri

2010-01-01

339

[Standardization of Turkish form of metacognition questionnaire for children and adolescents: the relationships with anxiety and obsessive-compulsive symptoms].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: There were two aims of the present study. The first aim was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Metacognition Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents (MCQ-C) among Turkish children and adolescents. The second aim was to analyze relationships between metacognitive processes, anxiety, and obsessive-compulsive symptoms among Turkish children and adolescents. METHOD: Four hundred and seventy primary and high school students (205 female, 265 male) from 71 different public schools in Istanbul participated in the study. Three questionnaires were used. In addition to MCQ-C, State-Trait Anxiety Scale for Children and Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory were administrated in the study. RESULTS: The Turkish form of MCQ-C showed acceptable to good test-retest reliability and good internal consistency and convergent validity. Construct validity was evaluated by confirmatory factor analysis using AMOS. The fit indices of confirmatory factor analysis suggested an acceptable fit to a four-factor model consistent with the original MCQ-C. Significant positive correlations between subscales of MCQ-C and measures of anxiety and obsessive-compulsive symptoms provided further support for the convergent validity of the Turkish form of MCQ-C. Group comparisons showed that the effect of age was significant on the MCQ-C positive meta-worry subscale only; on the other hand, effect of gender was significant on MCQ-C negative meta-worry subscale and total score. CONCLUSION: The psychometric properties of Turkish form of MCQ-C showed that the instrument is a valuable addition to the assessment of metacognition for Turkish children and adolescents.

Irak M

2012-01-01

340

Characterisation of Turkish fly ashes  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The mineralogical, morphological, physical and chemical properties of 7 fly ashes from coal fields in Turkey are compared. The mineral matter in the fly ashes, determined by X-ray diffraction, is dominated by anhydride, lime, quartz and hematite + ferrite spinel. The three low-calcium ashes have the typical, relatively simple, crystalline phase Q, M, H and FS. The high-calcium fly ashes have the most complex assemblage of crystalline phases. The much higher calcium concentrations in these samples result in the formation of lime (CaO), melilite ((Ca, Na){sub 2}(Mg,Al,Fe)(Si,Al){sub 2}O{sub 7}) and merwinite. The presence of anhydride in all samples indicates that the high activity of calcium not only promotes the formation of sulfates from calcite but also the dehydration of gypsum during and after combustion, which occurs at temperatures above 400-500{degree}C. It is important to understand the interaction of high-calcium fly ashes with water occurring in Portland cement (C{sub 3}A,C{sub 2}S), Ah, which hydrates to give gypsum and lime, with the latter hydrating to give the Ca(OH){sub 2} solutions that promote pozzolonic reactions. Some of the particles comprised irregularly formed, vesicular particles with some well-formed individual spheres in Catalagzi and Tuncbilek fly ashes. About 55-80 wt% was less than 45 {mu}m in size for Yatagan, Soma, Yenikoy and Afsin-Elbistan fly ashes. The fly ashes were mainly composed of CaO, SiO{sub 2} and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}. They have a potential use in wastewater treatment since they can be easily obtained in large quantities at low price or even free. The chemical and mineralogical compositions of the high-calcium Turkish fly ashes investigated make them a good binding agent and a possible substitute for slags, pozzolana and gypsum in the amelioration of clinker. 53 refs., 10 figs., 5 tabs.

Bayat, O. [Cukurova University, Adana (Turkey). Mining Engineering Dept.

1998-07-01

 
 
 
 
341

HENDIADYOIN IN MODERN UIGHUR TURKISH / YENI UYGUR TÜRKÇESINDE IKILEMELER  

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Full Text Available Hendiadyoin an important feature of Turkic is also used inmodern Uighur Turkish. While giving a harmony to the sentence,hendiadyoin enriches and enforces the meaning. So far hendiadyoinhas been handled and searched by many researchers, in this study weexamined nominal hendiadyoin in modern Uighur Turkish in view ofmeaning and structure and compiled the examples. Thus we tried toshow the efficiency and importance of hendiadyoin in modern UighurTurkish.

Dr. Sevgi ÖZTÜRK

2008-01-01

342

TEACH?NG TURKISH TO FOREIGNERS: PROBLEMS,SOLUTIONS AND IDEAS ON THE FUTURE OF TEACHING TURKISH TO FOREIGNERS  

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Full Text Available Behind people’s desire to learn a language other than mother tongue has individual preferences affected by international developments. When it is evaluated in terms of areas that produce demands of learning Turkish by foreigners, it is seen that Turkey is percepted as a rising country andTurkish is percepted as a rising language in the world. There are someproblems encountered in the process of teaching Turkish to foreigners. Inthe article, these problems that were discussed, pointed their future andsolutions separately can be resolved by developing academic andtheoretical studies in the field. Qualified studies done with consideringthe development of Turkish image will be useful for solutions of theseproblems.

Mustafa DURMU?

2013-01-01

343

Socio-Cultural Approaches to Tourism: A Research on the “Tourist” Notion of Young Turkish People  

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Full Text Available Significance of tourism sector in Turkey is constantly expanding. Correspondingly the importance of the economic and socio-cultural impact of tourism also continues to develop. Because tourism draws tourists get into closer contact with the locals it has positive and negative effects on the destination. In general the aim of tourists is satisfying their expectations at the maximum degree during their stay. On the other side locals who live and work in the destination region have a primary role in welcoming them and satisfying the tourists’ needs and expectation. Turkish society is particularly well known for many generations as being very hospitable. Current research aims to reveal whether the young Turkish people sustain traditional “Turkish Hospitality” and to see their thoughts about tourists. The field research has been conducted on students of a foundation university located in Izmir and these young people’s point of view on tourists has been investigated by face to face interviews. It has been concluded that there is a weakening trend, nevertheless the notion of hospitality remains.

Ferika Özer Sari

2012-01-01

344

A cultural adaptation study of multimedia course materials forum to Turkish  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to translate into Turkish and establish the validity and reliability of a forum used to evaluateteacher candidates’ studies about multimedia course materials which they had created in project?based learning. Theresearcher created the “Evaluation of multimedia course materials which teacher candidates had created in project basedlearning” forum in 2007 using selected statements from a website which that supports materials for teachers. The forumhas been translated into Turkish using the back?translation method. The forum was administered to a randomly selectedsample of 202 teacher candidates (100 females and 102 males) from various departments of Near East University in Cypruswho enrolled in the course “Instructional Technologies and Material Development”. The validity of Turkish form hadaccording to expert opinion. Statistical analyses showed that the reliability of the forum to be 0.93 (Cronbach’s alpha). Theend of the result is that this forum can be use to evaluate students’ multimedia materials which they had developed inproject?based learning.

Fezile Özdaml?

2009-01-01

345

TURKS AND TURKISH FOUNDATIONS ESTABLISHED IN AMERICA  

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Full Text Available This article focuses on Turks living in Washington, DC and the neighboring states of Maryland and Virginia. Furthermore, the foundations that the Turkish communities have formed in these areas, and the activities of said foundations, will be major points of discussion. It has been ascertained that the institutionalization of such organizations has grown since the first establishment in 1965. Even though these organizations have many objectives and services geared towards the Turkish people and Turkey in general, it has been concluded that there is still much work to be done. In order to progress in this area there is a need for greater institutionalization of these organizations with a more professional staff; unfortunately, the current foundations have not reached this goal.

Hasan YAVUZER

2009-01-01

346

A Turkish perspective on communication disorders.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The population of Turkey is approximately 65 million people, and another 3 million people of Turkish descent live in Europe and the United States. The purpose of the present paper is to relay information that American or European clinicians who work with Turkish clients should know about their clients' country, including its language, education system, the current status of the profession and organization of professional services for communication disorders. The paper shows that the profession of speech-language pathology is young in Turkey; as a result, the roles of speech-language pathologists in this country are substantially different from those in the United States and in most European countries. It is envisioned that as the profession grows in Turkey its role will increasingly include direct provision of services, in-service training to service providers, and research on communication disorders.

Topbas S

2006-01-01

347

The English () and () Vowel Sounds as Fossilized Pronunciation Errors for the Turkish Teachers of English and Solutions to the Problem  

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Full Text Available The Fossilized pronunciation errors constitute a great problem in the mastery of L2in second or foreign language learning and teaching (Odlin 1989; Demirezen, 2003;Demirezen, 2004; Johnson, 2001). One of such errors, which is committed by a greatmajority of Turkish teachers of English and student teachers, is the acquisition of ƒËƒÁƒÍ andƒËƒµƒÍ vowel sounds of the English language. There has been no specific material or lessonplan encountered so far in the literature to rehabilitate the pronunciation difficulty, createdby ƒËƒÁƒÍ and ƒËƒµƒÍ vowel sounds of the English language. Therefore, this article aims toprovide pronunciation teaching material and a sample lesson on two difficult sounds forTurks, like ƒËƒÁƒÍ and ƒËƒµƒÍ, to the Turkish teachers-on-the-job and student teachers ofEnglish.

Mehmet DEM?REZEN

2006-01-01

348

Regular daily smoking among 14-year-old adolescents increases the subsequent risk for suicide: the Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort Study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between adolescent regular daily smoking and later suicides in a prospective longitudinal birth cohort setting. METHOD: Data from the Northern Finland 1966 Birth Cohort Study (N = 10,934) were linked with national death certificates from Statistics Finland. The information on suicide attempts until the end of 2001 was gathered from the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register (FHDR). The information on adolescent regular daily smoking was gathered via a questionnaire in 1980 and 1981, when the subjects were age 14 years. RESULTS: Of all cohort males who smoked regularly at age 14 years, 2.6% committed suicide by age 34 years, while the corresponding proportion was 0.8% among experimental smokers and 0.4% among non-smokers (chi2 = 15.8, df = 2, p < .001). After adjusting for sociodemographic factors in adolescence and psychiatric morbidity, regular smokers were at a 4.05-fold hazard (95% CI = 1.18 to 13.93, p = .026) for committing suicide at a younger age. Corresponding associations were not found among females. The choice of suicide method was not associated with smoking habits in adolescence. Furthermore, the proportion of suicide attempts was significantly higher among regular daily smokers, among both boys (3.3% vs. 1.2%) and girls (4.2% vs. 1.2%), compared with other adolescents. CONCLUSION: At the epidemiologic level, adolescent regular smoking was found to be associated with increased risk for suicide among males before the age of 34 years. Further studies are needed to investigate the effects of smoking on neurobiology of depression, self-damaging aggression, and impulsive behavior.

Riala K; Alaräisänen A; Taanila A; Hakko H; Timonen M; Räsänen P

2007-05-01

349

Thirty Years on--A Large Anti-Flynn Effect? (II): 13- and 14-Year-Olds. Piagetian Tests of Formal Operations Norms 1976-2006/7  

Science.gov (United States)

|Background: Shayer, Ginsburg, and Coe (2007) showed that children leaving primary school in Y6 entered secondary school with much lower levels of understanding of the physical conservations than in 1976. It seemed desirable to investigate cognitive development in the first three years of secondary education. Aims: By using two Piagetian tests of…

Shayer, Michael; Ginsburg, Denise

2009-01-01

350

Evaluación de las competencias de estudio en los alumnos de 12-14 años Evaluation of study competence in pupils between 12-14 years old  

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Full Text Available Existen tres ámbitos principales en el estudio de necesidades orientadoras del alumnado de la Educación Secundaria Obligatoria que se refieren al Desarrollo académico, al de carácter Personal y Social y al relativo a la Carrera Profesional. En el área del Desarrollo Académico es donde se incardinan los saberes y conocimientos a adquirir por los escolares, las actitudes hacia un aprendizaje eficiente en los Centros educativos y las habilidades de estudio eficaz, objeto este último de nuestro trabajo. La investigación se efectuó sobre una muestra de 80 escolares comprendidos entre 12-16 años, en un Instituto de Educación Secundaria de la comarca de Santiago de Compostela (España). Realizado el análisis de la información obtenida son diversas las motivaciones que justifican la necesidad de mejorar las habilidades para aprender y estudiar que utilizan los alumnos. Existen argumentos normativos, necesidades expuestas por los alumnos y por los profesores, especialmente tutores, de naturaleza científica (conexión con el rendimiento académico) y de desenvolver nuevas estrategias teniendo en cuenta las aportaciones de la investigación psicopedagógica en este campo. En este sentido puede ser de interés la aplicación de un programa innovador de habilidades y estrategias de estudio contemplado en la comunicación.Há três âmbitos principais no estudo das necessidades de orientação do aluno de Ensino Secundário Obrigatório (E.S.O.) que se referen: (i)desenvolvimento académico; (ii) de carácter pessoal e social; (iii) e da Carreira Profissional. Na área do Desenvolvimento Académico e de onde se integram os saberes e conhecimentos a aprender pelas crianças, as atitudes referentes ás aprendizajens eficentes nos Centros educativos e as destrezas do estudo efectivo, objecto do nosso trabalho. A pesquisa fixou-se numa amostra de 80 alunos entre os 12-16 anos num Instituto de Ensino Secundário na demarcação de Santiago de Compostela (Espanha). Feita a análise da informação obtida saõ diferentes as motivações que justificam a necessidade de uma melhoria nas habilidades para aprender e estudar que utilizam os alunos. Existen justificativas normativas, necessidades expostas pelas crianças e pelos professores, especialmente tutores, de natureza científica (relaçao com o rendimento académico) e de desenvolver novas estratégias tendo em conta os contributos da pesquisa psicopedagógica neste âmbito. Neste sentido pode ser de utilidade a implementação de um programa inovador de destrezas e estratégias de estudo apresentadas nesta comunicação.There are three main study areas of guidance needs for pupils in Compulsory Secondary Education (CSE) which are academic development, personal and social development and the area of professional career. The area of academic development is where the knowledge to be acquired by the pupils, attitudes towards efficient learning in schools and the skills of efficient study are inculcated, the latter being the objective of our study. The research was taken from a sample of 80 school children between twelve and sixteen years old in a Secondary School in Santiago of Compostela ( Spain ). After analysing the results obtained we can see several motivations that justify the need to improve learning and study skills used by pupils. Normative arguments exist, needs that are exhibited by pupils and by teachers, especially tutors, of a scientific nature (connection with academic work) and to develop new strategies taking into account the contributions to the pedagogic research in this field. In this sense the application of an innovative programme of skills and study strategies in communication could be of interest.

Luis Sobrado Fernández; Ana I. Couce Santalla; Raquel Rial Sánchez

2002-01-01

351

[Bladder control in 1-4 year old children in the the Eindhoven and Kempen region (The Netherlands) in 1996 and 1966  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the age at which children gain bladder control and to compare this with the data from 30 years ago. DESIGN: Questionnaires. METHOD: On the basis of the findings of a 1966 study into toilet training in the Eindhoven and de Kempen region, the Netherlands, a questionnaire was drawn up and distributed via 30 child-health clinics in this region to parents of children aged 12-59 months, during the period 1 March-30 June 1996. The results were compared with those of the earlier study. RESULTS: Data from 1176 children could be evaluated (response rate: 65%). In 1996, the median age for bladder control in boys during the day was 32.6 months and 40.5 months for night-time control. In 1996 boys achieved daytime bladder control 6.7 months earlier and night-time control 7.2 months earlier. In 1996, the median age for girls was 29.7 months for daytime control and 35.4 months for night-time bladder control: in 1966 girls achieved daytime and night-time bladder control 8.2 and 4.8 months earlier, respectively. Factors associated with earlier bladder control were: early age at which parents started toilet training, presence of other children in the family, early age at which the child attended a day-care centre, early age at which the child was able to walk. Other factors such as the presence of a complete family set, parental level of education and professional situation did not show a correlation with the age at which the child achieved bladder control. The type of diaper used was an additional factor for bladder control at all ages but was only statistically significant for 3-year-olds, both during the day and during the night. CONCLUSION: Children in the Eindhoven region achieved daytime and night-time bladder control at a significantly later age than 30 years ago. Various factors such as toilet-training age, day-care attendance, family size and type of diaper played a role in this phenomenon.

Horstmanshoff BE; Regterschot GJ; Nieuwenhuis EE; Benninga MA; Verwijs W; Waelkens JJ

2003-01-01

352

Late-onset combined immune deficiency associated to skin granuloma due to heterozygous compound mutations in RAG1 gene in a 14 years old male.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We report a male with atypical severe combined immunodeficiency caused by heterozygous compound mutations c.256-257del and c.C1331T in RAG1 gene. The patient presents with recurrent bronchopneumonias with obstruction, chronic fibrosing alveolitis, complicated by respiratory failure, pulmonary hypertension and hepatosplenomegaly. He was diagnosed with agammaglobulinemia at the age of 9. His condition was complicated by granulomatous skin disease at the age of 12 despite regular IVIg substitution. Immunological presentation included profound hypogammaglobulinemia and absence of B cells. Under immunoglobulin substitution for 5 years patient has permanent lymphopenia, skewed phenotype of T cells and diminished number of recent thymic emigrants.

Sharapova SO; Migas A; Guryanova I; Aleshkevich S; Kletski S; Durandy A; Belevtsev M

2013-01-01

353

RADIAL VARIATION OF MICROFIBRIL ANGLE AND WOOD DENSITY AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS IN 14-YEAR-OLD Eucalyptus urophylla S.T. BLAKE WOOD  

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Full Text Available The orientation of cellulose microfibrils in the cell wall along the stem axis has major effects on stiffness and longitudinal shrinkage and is of key importance in wood quality. The aim of this study was to investigate the radial variability of MFA and wood density (?) and their relationships in Eucalyptus urophylla wood. Three MFA values were estimated by X-ray diffraction at three points of each one of the 175 tangential sections, and the basic density was measured. A decrease of microfibril angles from pith to bark can be observed in most samples; however, some radial strips presented different patterns of variation. For basic density, a linear significant increase from pith to bark was confirmed. There was no significant correlation between microfibril angle and density. The relationships among the three MFA estimated on tangential sections of wood were strong. The “curvature effect” due to the growth rings had a negligible effect on the three measurements of tangential sections cut near to the pith. This study showed that a single T value measurement by X-ray diffraction, preferably at the centre of the tangential section, is precisely sufficient to estimate the mean MFA of Eucalyptus urophylla wood.

Paulo Ricardo Gherardi Hein; Loïc Brancheriau Mail

2011-01-01

354

Promoting Emotional Literacy, Equity and Interest in Science Lessons for 11-14 Year Olds; The "Improving Science and Emotional Development" Project. Research Report  

Science.gov (United States)

One hundred and sixty-five Year 7 (11-12 years old) pupils in co-educational schools in England participated in a study investigating the effects of mixed gender working on attitudinal and social measures. Eighty-two children working in mixed-gender groups and 83 control children working mainly in single-gender groups were tested on a variety of…

Matthews, Brian

2004-01-01

355

Dental caries and fluorosis in 7-9 and 11-14 year old children who received fluoride supplements from birth.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

One hundred and sixty children who had lived from birth in a region with low fluoride levels in the drinking water, and who had been offered sodium fluoride supplementation in the form of drops for daily use, were examined to evaluate dental caries and dental fluorosis. Two age ranges were selected: 7-9 years and 11-14 years. In addition to the dental examinations, questionnaires were mailed to the parents, followed-up by telephone interviews, to gather information on compliance with the fluoride supplementation program. The results showed no statistically significant differences in dental caries activity between the regular and irregular users of fluoride supplementation. Considerable dental fluorosis was found in both regular and irregular user groups of the fluoride supplement (38 to 63 per cent of the children seen), however, with no statistical difference between the user groups. Most of the fluorosis detected was of a mild degree. Fluoride supplementation under the daily control of a parent or child is not recommended because of the difficulty in maintaining regular compliance and the risk of fluorosis.

Awad MA; Hargreaves JA; Thompson GW

1994-04-01

356

Mouthbreathing, lip seal and upper lip coverage and their relationship with gingival inflammation in 11-14 year-old schoolchildren.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The gingival health of 201 schoolchildren aged 11-14 years was assessed at 6 sites on all the incisor and first molar teeth by recording separately the presence or absence of redness and bleeding on probing. Crowding of the incisor teeth was recorded as labio-lingual displacement and mesio-distal overlap. A 2nd examiner recorded the presence or absence of plaque at these sites and assessed mouthbreathing, lipseal and upper lip coverage of the maxillary incisors. Mouthbreathing, increased lip separation and decreased upper lip coverage at rest were all associated with higher levels of plaque and gingival inflammation. Multivariate analysis indicated that this association was statistically significant for mouthbreathing and lip coverage but increased lip separation was not independently related to plaque and gingivitis. The relationship of mouthbreathing and decreased upper lip coverage with gingivitis was most evident in the upper anterior segment and was still evident after covariate analysis to take account of variations due to gender, overcrowding and amount of plaque. However, allowance for these factors also suggested that the influence of mouthbreathing was restricted to palatal sites, whereas lip coverage influenced gingival inflammation at both palatal and labial sites.

Wagaiyu EG; Ashley FP

1991-10-01

357

Promoting emotional literacy, equity and interest in science lessons for 11-14 year olds; the 'Improving Science and Emotional Development' project  

Science.gov (United States)

One hundred and sixty-five Year 7 (11-12 years old) pupils in co-educational schools in England participated in a study investigating the effects of mixed gender working on attitudinal and social measures. Eighty-two children working in mixed-gender groups and 83 control children working mainly in single-gender groups were tested on a variety of measures. Attitudes to science, social cohesion, self-reported individual learning, group learning, conflict resolution, and social facilitation, were recorded and analysed. In addition, pre-test and posttest evaluations were carried out and measures were related to test outcomes. The findings from the study indicated a positive effect of working in mixed groups: they were more likely than the control groups to like science lessons and consider taking it up as a subject in the future. Social measures indicated: (1) a better understanding of opposite-gender classmates, (2) a greater enjoyment of the collaborative nature of science, and (3) increased tendencies to offer academic support to peers. It is thus proposed that the integration of emotional learning within science lessons will facilitate boys' and girls' social development as well as increasing the likelihood of them being interested in science. These findings give support for the integration of emotional literacy with learning concepts in the science classroom and for co-educational schools.

Matthews, Brian

2004-03-01

358

Nature of communication: voices of 11-14 year old African-American girls and their mothers in regard to talking about sex.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Within the female population between the ages of 13 and 19, African Americans (AA) made up 70% of the cases of HIV seroconversionwithin the US in 2006. In light of this health disparity, prevention strategies should begin prior to age 13. The primary sex educator in families is the mother. Examining how mothers communicate with their daughters about sex and how their daughters respond could help healthcare professionals develop interventions to decrease this population's sexual risk. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study explored what AA mothers say to their daughters about sex, in what context the discussions occur, and how the daughters respond to their mothers' messages. METHODS: Forty-two mother-daughter dyads were recruited from 4 inner-city community centers. Seven separate groups were conducted with mothers and daughters (ages 11-14) using focus group methodology and principles of Participatory Action Research. RESULTS: Four codes emerged from the data, reflecting both verbal and nonverbal sexual communication. These were: level of disclosure; mixed messages; emotional tone; and knowing. CONCLUSIONS: Both becoming less reactive and more knowledgeable about her daughter's information processing may facilitat mother to create an environment that provide a positive emotional tone. This can then lead to increasing the daughter's comfort in initiatin a conversation with her mother about her intimate feelings and experiences. IMPLICATIONS: Findings from this study could assist in developing interventions geared towards open sexual communication with the goal of delaying sexual debut.

Aronowitz T; Agbeshie E

2012-01-01

359

[The development of spinal movements and sagittal curves in postural defects, idiopathic scoliosis and Scheuermann disease (results of longitudinal studies on 5, 10 and 14 year old subjects)  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A given population was followed by authors for 10 years. Children suffering from postural defects, structural scoliosis, spinal osteochondrosis were separated from a normal group. Spinal mobility and posture were compared with the mobility of normal, healthy boys and girls aged 5-14 years. In postural defects physiologically curves could be seen. The range of motion hasn't been physiologic in structural scoliosis. The rotation and flexion of the spine were increased while the lumbar flexion was decreased. Physiologic trend was found in Scheuermann disease, however high values of spinal rotation wasn't found. Extremely increased thoracic kyphosis was found only in children aged 14 years. Perhaps the change of motion is an etiologic factor in structural scoliosis.

Viola S; Andrássy I

1993-10-01

360

Patterns in sedentary and exercise behaviors and associations with overweight in 9–14-year-old boys and girls - a cross-sectional study.  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Before starting interventions addressing energy-balance related behaviors, knowledge is needed about the prevalence of sedentary behaviors and low physical exercise, their interrelationships, possible gender differences. Therefore this study aimed to describe gender differences in sedentary and physical exercise behaviors and their association with overweight status in children from nine European countries. Additionally, to identify clusters of children sharing the same pattern regarding sedentary and physical exercise behavior and compare these groups regarding overweight status. Methods Cross-sectional study among 11-year-old children in nine countries (n = 12538). Self-administered questionnaires assessed the time spent on TV viewing during dinner and during the day, PC use and on physical exercise. The parents reported children's weight and height. Descriptive statistics, cluster analyses, and logistic regression analyses were used for data analyses. Results Boys spent more time on sedentary behaviors but also more on physical exercise than girls. High TV viewing and low exercise behavior independently increased the risk of being overweight. Based on the behaviors, five clusters were identified. Among boys, clear associations with being overweight were found, with the most unhealthy behavior pattern having the highest risks of being overweight. Among girls, high TV viewers and high PC users had increased risk of being overweight. In girls sedentary behaviors seemed more important than physical exercise with regard to overweight status. Conclusion Despite selective non-response on BMI and reliance on self-reports, the associations between clusters and overweight in boys were clear, and differences between boys and girls regarding the behaviors and risks for overweight are noteworthy. These differences need to be considered when developing tailored intervention strategies for prevention of overweight.

te Velde Saskia J; De Bourdeaudhuij Ilse; Thorsdottir Inga; Rasmussen Mette; Hagströmer Maria; Klepp Knut-Inge; Brug Johannes

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

Prenatal exposure to lead and cognitive deficit in 7- and 14-year-old children in the presence of concomitant exposure to similar molar concentration of methylmercury  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Few studies have examined the effects of mixed metal exposures in humans. We have evaluated the effect of prenatal lead exposure in a Faroese birth cohort in the presence of similar molar-level exposure to methylmercury. A cohort of 1022 singleton births was assembled in the Faroe Islands during 1986-1987 from whom lead was measured in cord-blood. A total of 896 cohort subjects participated in a clinical examination at age 7 and 808 subjects in a second examination at age 14. We evaluated the association between cord-blood lead concentrations and cognitive deficits (attention/working memory, language, visuospatial, and memory) using multiple regression models. Overall, the lead concentration showed no clear pattern of association. However, in subjects with a low methylmercury exposure, after inclusion of statistical interaction terms, lead-associated adverse effects on cognitive functions were observed. In particular, higher cord-blood lead was associated with a lower digit span forward score on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) [beta=-1.70, 95% confidence interval (CI): -3.12 to -0.28] at age 7 and a lower digit span backward score on the WISC-R (beta=-2.73, 95%CI: -4.32 to -1.14) at age 14. Some interaction terms between lead and methylmercury suggested that the combined effect of the exposures was less than additive. The present study indicates that adverse effects of exposure may be overlooked if the effects of a co-pollutant are ignored. The present study supports the existence of adverse effects on cognitive functions at prenatal lead exposures corresponding to an average cord-blood concentration of 16?g/L.

Yorifuji, Takashi; Debes, Frodi

2011-01-01

362

Evaluación de las competencias de estudio en los alumnos de 12-14 años/ Evaluation of study competence in pupils between 12-14 years old  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Há três âmbitos principais no estudo das necessidades de orientação do aluno de Ensino Secundário Obrigatório (E.S.O.) que se referen: (i)desenvolvimento académico; (ii) de carácter pessoal e social; (iii) e da Carreira Profissional. Na área do Desenvolvimento Académico e de onde se integram os saberes e conhecimentos a aprender pelas crianças, as atitudes referentes ás aprendizajens eficentes nos Centros educativos e as destrezas do estudo efectivo, objecto (more) do nosso trabalho. A pesquisa fixou-se numa amostra de 80 alunos entre os 12-16 anos num Instituto de Ensino Secundário na demarcação de Santiago de Compostela (Espanha). Feita a análise da informação obtida saõ diferentes as motivações que justificam a necessidade de uma melhoria nas habilidades para aprender e estudar que utilizam os alunos. Existen justificativas normativas, necessidades expostas pelas crianças e pelos professores, especialmente tutores, de natureza científica (relaçao com o rendimento académico) e de desenvolver novas estratégias tendo em conta os contributos da pesquisa psicopedagógica neste âmbito. Neste sentido pode ser de utilidade a implementação de um programa inovador de destrezas e estratégias de estudo apresentadas nesta comunicação. Abstract in spanish Existen tres ámbitos principales en el estudio de necesidades orientadoras del alumnado de la Educación Secundaria Obligatoria que se refieren al Desarrollo académico, al de carácter Personal y Social y al relativo a la Carrera Profesional. En el área del Desarrollo Académico es donde se incardinan los saberes y conocimientos a adquirir por los escolares, las actitudes hacia un aprendizaje eficiente en los Centros educativos y las habilidades de estudio eficaz, obje (more) to este último de nuestro trabajo. La investigación se efectuó sobre una muestra de 80 escolares comprendidos entre 12-16 años, en un Instituto de Educación Secundaria de la comarca de Santiago de Compostela (España). Realizado el análisis de la información obtenida son diversas las motivaciones que justifican la necesidad de mejorar las habilidades para aprender y estudiar que utilizan los alumnos. Existen argumentos normativos, necesidades expuestas por los alumnos y por los profesores, especialmente tutores, de naturaleza científica (conexión con el rendimiento académico) y de desenvolver nuevas estrategias teniendo en cuenta las aportaciones de la investigación psicopedagógica en este campo. En este sentido puede ser de interés la aplicación de un programa innovador de habilidades y estrategias de estudio contemplado en la comunicación. Abstract in english There are three main study areas of guidance needs for pupils in Compulsory Secondary Education (CSE) which are academic development, personal and social development and the area of professional career. The area of academic development is where the knowledge to be acquired by the pupils, attitudes towards efficient learning in schools and the skills of efficient study are inculcated, the latter being the objective of our study. The research was taken from a sample of 80 s (more) chool children between twelve and sixteen years old in a Secondary School in Santiago of Compostela ( Spain ). After analysing the results obtained we can see several motivations that justify the need to improve learning and study skills used by pupils. Normative arguments exist, needs that are exhibited by pupils and by teachers, especially tutors, of a scientific nature (connection with academic work) and to develop new strategies taking into account the contributions to the pedagogic research in this field. In this sense the application of an innovative programme of skills and study strategies in communication could be of interest.

Sobrado Fernández, Luis; Couce Santalla, Ana I.; Rial Sánchez, Raquel

2002-01-01

363

Physical Therapy Management of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome I in a 14-Year-Old Patient Using Strain Counterstrain: A Case Report  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This report describes the examination, intervention, and outcomes for a patient with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome I (CRPS I) treated with Strain Counterstrain (SCS). The patient was diagnosed with CRPS I following a Grade II ankle sprain. Treatment consisted of SCS once per week for six months wit...

Collins, Cristiana Kahl

364

Concept formation in environmental education: 14-year olds' work on the intensified greenhouse effect and the depletion of the ozone layer  

Science.gov (United States)

A case study is presented describing the work of three pupils in the upper level of compulsory school. The pupils were learning about the intensified greenhouse effect and the depletion of the ozone layer. In their work, the need for certain domain-specific knowledge becomes apparent; for example, understanding such concepts as photosynthesis, radiation and catalyst. The results show that the pupils experienced difficulty in distinguishing between the different meanings attached to individual concepts in their theoretical and practical contexts. They are often unable to identify the meaning relevant to the specific environmental problem that they are working on. The pupils’ difficulties are seen here as a problem of differentiation between concepts denoted by the same term as well as between different aspects of the same concept, a view that is then related to the question of appropriate conditions for conceptual change.

Österlind*, Karolina

2005-08-01

365

Concept Formation in Environmental Education: 14-Year Olds' Work on the Intensified Greenhouse Effect and the Depletion of the Ozone Layer. Research Report  

Science.gov (United States)

A case study is presented describing the work of three pupils in the upper level of compulsory school. The pupils were learning about the intensified greenhouse effect and the depletion of the ozone layer. In their work, the need for certain domain-specific knowledge becomes apparent; for example, understanding such concepts as photosynthesis,…

Osterlind, Karolina

2005-01-01

366

Fertility preservation by ovarian stimulation and oocyte cryopreservation in a 14-year-old adolescent with Turner syndrome mosaicism and impending premature ovarian failure.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To report a novel approach to fertility preservation in adolescents with Turner syndrome mosaicism by repeated controlled ovarian stimulation and oocyte cryopreservation. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Academic reproductive medicine center. PATIENT(S): Fourteen-year-old adolescent diagnosed with Turner syndrome mosaicism. INTERVENTION(S): Two cyles of controlled ovarian stimulation and oocyte cryopreservation within 1 year. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Recovery of oocytes after controlled ovarian stimulation and oocyte cryopreservation. RESULT(S): Eleven oocytes were retrieved, of which eight were mature and three were immature during the first cycle. One year later, four mature and three immature oocytes were retrieved after a treatment cycle with even higher gonadotropin doses. All oocytes were cryopreserved by vitrification. CONCLUSION(S): Controlled ovarian stimulation and oocyte cryopreservation may be an option for fertility preservation in selected adolescents with Turner syndrome mosaicism and impending ovarian failure.

Oktay K; Rodriguez-Wallberg KA; Sahin G

2010-07-01

367

An online handwriting recognition system for Turkish  

Science.gov (United States)

Despite recent developments in Tablet PC technology, there has not been any applications for recognizing handwritings in Turkish. In this paper, we present an online handwritten text recognition system for Turkish, developed using the Tablet PC interface. However, even though the system is developed for Turkish, the addressed issues are common to online handwriting recognition systems in general. Several dynamic features are extracted from the handwriting data for each recorded point and Hidden Markov Models (HMM) are used to train letter and word models. We experimented with using various features and HMM model topologies, and report on the effects of these experiments. We started with first and second derivatives of the x and y coordinates and relative change in the pen pressure as initial features. We found that using two more additional features, that is, number of neighboring points and relative heights of each point with respect to the base-line improve the recognition rate. In addition, extracting features within strokes and using a skipping state topology improve the system performance as well. The improved system performance is 94% in recognizing handwritten words from a 1000-word lexicon.

Vural, Esra; Erdogan, Hakan; Oflazer, Kemal; Yanikoglu, Berrin A.

2004-12-01

368

TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES’ OPINIONS ABOUT LISTENING PROBLEMS  

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Full Text Available Listening skill has an important place in people’s life, but is often neglected. This skill is obtained before birth, and should be developed systematically at school. People with developed listening skill are successful at education and in their social lives. To achieve this skill teachers are very important. First of all teachers should have enough knowledge about listening and listening problems. Especially Turkish teachers should try to improve listening skill. The aim of this study is to show the problems of Turkish teachers about listening and develop opinions and approaches to solve these problems. For this reason 97 Turkish-teacher candidates of Çukurova University were questioned in 2012-2013 academic year and these opinions were investigated according to gender factor. The question “What are the problems you face when listening to someone?” was asked, and so answered according to willingness. Data obtained from participants were investigated with content analyze technique, and classified into categories, sub-categories and themes. Participants indicated that listening problems happen % 58 because of senders, and % 22 because of receivers and % 21 because of other problems. It was observed that there is no great different on the base of gender. Some evaluations were made about listening problems and some suggestions were made.

Selim EM?RO?LU

2013-01-01

369

Turkish Prospective Teachers' Understanding and Misunderstanding on Global Warming  

Science.gov (United States)

The key objective of this study is to determine the Turkish elementary prospective teachers' opinions on global warming. It is also aimed to establish prospective teachers' views about the environmental education in Turkish universities. A true-false type scale was administered to 564 prospective teachers from science education, social studies…

Ocal, A.; Kisoglu, M.; Alas, A.; Gurbuz, H.

2011-01-01

370

The validity and reliability of Kogan’s attitude towards old people scale in the Turkish society  

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Full Text Available This study was conducted methodologically in order to determine the validity and reliability of Kogan’s Attitude towards Old People Scale after being adapted to the Turkish Society. 145 female students, attending the 4th and 5th year of the faculty of Medical Sciences at Atatürk University, and 118 nurses, working at Ataturk University Aziziye-Yakutiye Research Hospitals, were in-cluded in the study. The sample group was chosen from the population using a non-probability convenience sampling method. A form containing demographic characteristics of nurses and nursing students, and the Turkish version of Kogan’s Attitude towards Old People Scale were used to gather the required data. Data was analysed using the t-test, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, correlation, and factor analyses. In the study, Cronbach’s Alpha Reliability Coefficient for Kogan’s Attitude towards Old People Scale was 0.81, and the scale comprised of one factor. The attitude of working nurses towards old people was more positive in comparison to the attitude of student nurses. After analysis, the scale was deemed highly valid and reliable, and suitable to be used for Turkish society. The scale may be used in studies to evaluative attitude toward old people and quality of the care offered to older people.

Dilek Kiliç; Derya Adibelli

2011-01-01

371

Theoretical Orientations of Turkish Counselor Trainees: The Role of Thinking Styles, Epistemology and Curiosity  

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Full Text Available Counselors vary in personality traits, worldviews, epistemic values, cognitive styles, and developmental influences, and these variations in return effect their choice of a guiding theory. This study addresses the variables associated with the theoretical orientations of Turkish psychological counseling students. Participants completed measures of curiosity, thinking styles, epistemological beliefs and a questionnaire on their theoretical choices. Three separate discriminant analysis were conducted to understand which variables differentiate between theoretical orientations. Results of the discriminant analysis revealed that conservative and liberal thinking styles and absorption dimension of curiosity differentiated between theoretical orientations.

Ilkay Demir; Esra Ismen Gazioglu

2012-01-01

372

The Adaptation Study of Kenny Music Performance Anxiety Inventory into Turkish  

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Full Text Available In this study, Kenny Music Performance Anxiety Inventory was analyzed in terms of linguistic equivalance, validity and realibility in order to adapt the Music Performance Anxiety Performance into Turkish culture. The study was conducted with 696 students who attendent to Music Education Department in different universities. After the validity and reliability studies of the six-point Likert-style inventory, it is found that the adapted version of inventory has 25 items, which is distributed in five factors. Inventory’s Cronbach Alpha is .895 and the item-total correlations are between .336 and .651.

Banu ÖZEV?N TOK?NAN

2013-01-01

373

What Affects the Remittances of Turkish Workers: Turkish or German Output?  

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In this paper we examine the interactions between the remittances of the Turkish workers in Germany and the output both in Turkey and in Germany. In our analysis we use the new data set provided by the German monetary authorities, which was never before employed in the literature and which we consid...

Akkoyunlu, Sule; Kholodilin, Konstantin Arkadievich

374

Historical approach to Turkish folk and classical music  

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Full Text Available Turkish Classical Music, especially with the success at the Ottoman period, is a music of a civilization. It became a common language in all geographies and people that Turks made contacts with in various ways. Turkish civilization does not deny what she learned from Persians and Arabs, but she managed to use them to improve herself and developing better by adding the information to herself. This shows her power of creating civilization. One of the main signs of this three-continent-spread culture is of course Turkish Classical Music. ?t is seen that collective awareness and mind which forms Turkish Classical Music, first recovered the common points, coming from the roots, between Turkish “boy” clans then considered the musical specialities of other societies that share same climate, geography, or some cultural values with Turks. In this manner, the music developed, came to the point that we say “classic”, in which societies and nations found themselves within, by climbing over the identity of being a particular group’s or society’s music. This study is directed towards to recover the main components which gives Turkish Classical Music its character in the process of development by looking beyond the history. In this point the relationship between Turkish Classical and Folk Music is presented.The main path to Muslim Turkishness in the art and political area – Oguz Turkishness is emphasized and their understanding and behaviour before and after Islam is discussed from the music side. Second mainland of Turks, Anatolia is again discussed under another title by the means of Seljuks, Anatolian Seljuks and Beyliks periods; reflections of Oguz “bey” understanding in music is told. The effects of the sufi understanding which came to Anatolia over Horasan on music and the Anatolian Turkishness’ role over sufi understanding is considered, Ahi organization which is said to be a semi religious foundation of Turkish style mentioned by the means of music.The most natural tones of understanding and practises of deciding Turkish Classical Music’s Turkishness could have been existed by modelings and integrations on the example of Folk Music. On the other side we see Folk Music taking the things which is integrated from her as a model so it is seen that this process is working with an enlarging, developing and transferring continuation.

Fatma Adile Baser

2006-01-01

375

TURKISH SHEPHERD DOG KANGAL IN SIVAS FOLKLORE  

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Full Text Available As one of animals to which are approached with great sympathy by Turkishpeople, Kangal dogs are among the animals accepted sacred in Turkish folklore.Kangals as shepherd dogs were brought into Anatolia along with herds owned byOghuz clans the traditional livelihood of which depends on sheep herds. Being theoldest and most common race of natural shepherd dog, Turkish shepherd dog,Kangal, has survived with all characteristics of it mostly thanks to the matchlessprotection of local people of the town Kangal.Throughout the study, the main objective is to determine the folkloricknowledge related with Kangal raising within folklore of Sivas and to make somecontribution to Turkish world of culture.The research material has consisted of folkloric knowledge obtained between9th April-10th July, 2012 with “information review forms” applied to peopleassociated with folkloric veterinary medicine and animal husbandry in Sivas (e.g.medicine practitioners, animal owners, other resource persons, etc.)In the study, it has been determined that raisers in Sivas folklore classify theKangals according to general racial characteristics, color of their pelt and tails ofthem. They are grouped as “kurtçul”, “saf”, “k?rma”; and “alas?-boz”, “karayaka”,“sar? yaka”, “boz yaka”, “k?ll?”, “k?rç?l”; and “k?l?ç kuyruk”, “kuyru?u e?ri”, “k?vrakkuyruk”, based on racial characteristics, color of pelt and tails respectively. Also, ithas been gathered significant data on diseases and treatments on Kangals, generalracial standards (structure of the body, head and skull, etc.), care and nutrition,estrus, delivery information, wolf choking incident, ear cut, stories, beliefs andidioms.Consequently, it can be suggested that one of reasons why Kangals havemanaged to keep its generation must be original stories and beliefs in Sivas, whichcover the Kangal`s wolf choke, intelligence, courage and loyalty; that lack ofknowledge and mistakes in folkloric veterinary medicine and breeding applicationsbe eliminated in animal rights and welfare terms.

Ça?r? Ça?lar S?NMEZ; A?k?n YA?AR

2013-01-01

376

Desulfurization of two Turkish lignites by chlorinolysis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The desulfurization of two Turkish lignites by chlorinolysis with chlorine gas in carbon tetrachloride in the presence of water and at ambient pressure was examined. Almost all of the inorganic sulfur, and a significant portion of the organic sulfur in the coal samples was removed. The effects of reaction time (0-360 min), temperature (20-70{degree}C), and coal-to-carbon etrachloride ratio (0.1-1 wt/v) on the desulfurization have been studied. 28 refs., 4 figs., 1 tab.

Ozdemir, M.; Bayrakceken, S.; Gurses, A.; Gulaboglu, S. (Ondokuz Mayis University, Samsun (Turkey). Dept. of Chemistry)

1990-08-01

377

ISLAM AND TURKISH IMMIGRANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS /  

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Full Text Available According to a recent report of the European MonitoringCentre on Racism and Xenophobia on Muslims in Europe, policiesand public discourse on Islam and experiences of discrimination andsocial and economic marginalization in the last five years havenegatively impacted on Muslim immigrants’ sense of belonging to thehost countries (Choudhury et al. 29). This is also true for the Turkish1immigrants in the Netherlands among whom only a small percentage(12 %) regard themselves as being part of Dutch society (FORUMFactbook on the Position of Muslims in the Netherlands 16).

Dr. Umut AZAK

2008-01-01

378

TURKISH BRIDGE EXTENDING FROM MACEDONIA: ‘JOURNAL OF ‘KÖPRܒ  

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Full Text Available Macedonia has hosted to different nations throughout the history. It constitutes a mosaic structure in which people from different nations, languages and cultures live together. 34 different nationalities and ethnic groups, particularly Macedonians, Turks, Albanian, Gypsies (Roms), Bulgarians, Wallach, Greeks and Bosnians live in the country. A long history of Turkish is in question in these lands. Turks in Macedonia conserve the Turkish culture in unity. Even if some problems are confronted resulting from their being minority, they can study in Turkish and print out Turkish newspapers and journals. Journal of ‘Köprü’ is a journal which is printed out in Skopje city of Macedonia by which important names of Macedonian Turkish literature and Turkish youth make themselves heard. It is seen in the articles of the journal that Turkish culture is studied intensively. In this research, information about ‘Köprü’ culture, art, literature journal and Association of ‘Köprü’ Culture, Art and Education has been given and it has been tried to be advertised. The editions of the journals which have been obtained have been examined and evaluations have been made about the articles in the journal.

Necati DEM?R; Nuray KAYAD?B?

2012-01-01

379

Schizophrenia in Turkish newspapers : retrospective scanning study.  

Science.gov (United States)

The attitude of mass media is a strong determinant for stigmatisation since the majority of the society gets exposed to psychiatric disorders via either written or visual media. In this study we explored to demonstrate the meaning attributed to the word schizophrenia in Turkish written printed media. We screened the online sites of 12 national newspapers which allow word scanning between the dates January 1, 2001 and May 1, 2006. The searched terms appeared in a total of 878 texts. In all twelve newspapers, the terms "Schizophrenia", "Schizophrene", or "Schizophrenic" appeared once every 2.2 days. While a positive referral appeared once in every 12.2 days, a negative referral or metaphoric use was seen once every 3.1 days. Among the 878 texts scanned, in 491(55.9%) the searched terms appeared with reference to the disease and in 387 (44.1%) the searched terms were used metaphorically. Considering the assumption the negative reporting may have a stronger impact than positive reporting, it is possible to suggest that Turkish newspapers are raising stigmatisation. It is meaningful that the name of a disease is used almost with equal frequency as a metaphoric term. In our study, higher rates of metaphoric use observed can be explained with the fact that in Turkey the word Schizophrenia is attributed with strong negative perception. PMID:17502973

Boke, Omer; Aker, Servet; Alptekin Aker, Arzu; Sarisoy, Gokhan; Sahin, Ahmet Rifat

2007-05-14

380

Marshak Lectureship: The Turkish Accelerator Center, TAC  

Science.gov (United States)

The Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) project is comprised of five different electron and proton accelerator complexes, to be built over 15 years, with a phased approach. The Turkish Government funds the project. Currently there are 23 Universities in Turkey associated with the TAC project. The current funded project, which is to run until 2013 aims *To establish a superconducting linac based infra-red free electron laser and Bremsstrahlung Facility (TARLA) at the Golbasi Campus of Ankara University, *To establish the Institute of Accelerator Technologies in Ankara University, and *To complete the Technical Design Report of TAC. The proposed facilities are a 3^rd generation Synchrotron Radiation facility, SASE-FEL facility, a GeV scale Proton Accelerator facility and an electron-positron collider as a super charm factory. In this talk, an overview on the general status and road map of TAC project will be given. National and regional importance of TAC will be expressed and the structure of national and internatonal collaborations will be explained.

Yavas, Omer

2012-02-01

 
 
 
 
381

Political Cartoons in 1946 Turkish Elections  

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Full Text Available 1946 elections retain a different part and significance by many aspects. Certainly, 1946 elections were not the only significant election in Turkish political history. However, 1946 elections indicate a crossroad, a milestone. 1946 elections express an important stage in Turkish political history as of transition stages from Selçuklu to principalities, from principalities to Ottoman State, from Ottoman State to Republic. Therefore it is one of the most important exchanges.Transition to multiparty system can be considered not with 1946 elections, but with the establishment of National Development Party (MKP). As a matter of fact, two distinct parties were established between 1923 and 1944; both of them were suppressed by the moderation of the council of ministers (Tuncer, 2003). On the other hand, the first party in the multiparty system period is the National Development Party, established on July 18, 1945 (MKP). As for Democrat Party (DP), it was established on January 7, 1946 following MKP (Tuncer, 2003).The significant part of 1946 elections with regards to this study of ours is that, it must be rather hard to decide electing the party to govern the country, for a mass, which was unaware of even imagining what the authority of electing one out of multiple until that day. At this point the role of mass media had been extensive in addition to messages received directly and via threshold level through face to face communication.

Baki Can

2011-01-01

382

Investigation of Turkish marbles as shielding materials  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The natural Turkish marbles, especially Usak Green (UG), Aegean Purple (AP), and Marmara White (MW) were tested as shielding materials using standard gamma sources such as Co-60, Cs-137 and Eu-152. The experiment showed that UG, AP and MW are very effective shields against gamma-rays. The result for this experiment is that the gamma-ray attenuation coefficients of UG, AP and MW are almost equal for the energy range from 0.1 MeV to 1.4 MeV. Also, the elemental compositions of the natural UG, AP and MW marbles have been determined by fast and thermal neutron activation analysis and fourteen elements including Na, Mg, Al, Si, Cl, K, Ca, V, Ti, Mn, Fe, La, Ba and Sc have been found using the gamma spectroscopic method. The range of element contents of all Turkish marbles are remarkably different, but most of the elements are common such as Ca, Fe, Na, Cl, Mg, Si. (orig.).

1992-01-01

383

Investigation of Turkish marbles as shielding materials  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The natural Turkish marbles, especially Usak Green (UG), Aegean Purple (AP), and Marmara White (MW) were tested as shielding materials using standard gamma sources such as Co-60, Cs-137 and Eu-152. The experiment showed that UG, AP and MW are very effective shields against gamma-rays. The result for this experiment is that the gamma-ray attenuation coefficients of UG, AP and MW are almost equal for the energy range from 0.1 MeV to 1.4 MeV. Also, the elemental compositions of the natural UG, AP and MW marbles have been determined by fast and thermal neutron activation analysis and fourteen elements including Na, Mg, Al, Si, Cl, K, Ca, V, Ti, Mn, Fe, La, Ba and Sc have been found using the gamma spectroscopic method. The range of element contents of all Turkish marbles are remarkably different, but most of the elements are common such as Ca, Fe, Na, Cl, Mg, Si. (orig.).

Atasoy, H.; Tarcan, G.; Doekmen, S. (Dept. of Physics, Cekmece Nuclear Research and Training Center, Istanbul (Turkey))

1992-08-01

384

TURKISH BANKING SECTOR’S PROFITABILITY FACTORS  

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Full Text Available Profitability of banking sector is the most important instrument of financial system for the future of the economy. The objective of this study is to determine by using Johansen and Juselius cointegration test approach of the bank specific and macroeconomic factors that affect the profitability of commercial banks in Turkish banking sector. In study, the data are collected from the three biggest state-owned, privately-owned and foreign banks. The sample period spans from 1998 to 2011. In the study, return of asset, return of equity and net interest margin were used as proxy for profitability of banks. The bank specific determinants, which were thought to have effects on profitability are total credits/total assets, total deposits/total assets, total liquid assets/total assets, total wage and commission incomes/ total assets, total wage and commission expenses/total assets, the logarithm of total assets and total equity/total assets. The macroeconomic determinants of study are real gross domestic product, inflation rate, real exchange rate and real interest rate. Empirical findings suggest that the bank specific determinants have been more effect than macroeconomic factors on profitability of the banks. The reel gross domestic product and real exchange rate have been effective on the profitability. In addition, the 2001 economic crisis has a negative effect on all Turkish Banking sector.

Songül Kakilli ACARAVCI; Ahmet Ertu?rul ÇALIM

2013-01-01

385

The Eveluation of 2005 Turkish Literature Course Teaching Pogramme: Eski?ehir Sample  

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Full Text Available This research was conducted to determine the application problems of 2005 Turkish literature courses 9th class education programme prepared according to text based classification in the aspect of constructivist approach and to define teachers? views and suggestions for this subject.In the 2007-2008 education year, school type, occupation seniority and graduation variables were used in the questionnaire which was applied to 180 Turkish Language and Liteature teachers working in several types of high schools in Eski?ehir. The data were interpreted according to chi-square test and rank point was used where chi-square test was not applied. The teachers pointed out that they were not informed about new education programme adequately found the text based classification useful in aspect of teaching writing. However, they thought that the program was above student?s spiritual, language level in an academic depth and comprehensive frame. All of teachers needed a literature guide book showing new methods.

Sevim Nilay I?IKSALAN

2011-01-01

386

Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour towards sexually transmitted diseases in Turkish Cypriot adolescents.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) is increasing among adolescents all around the world. There may be differences in knowledge and attitudes among different cultures and ethnic populations. The aim of this study is to determine knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of Turkish Cypriot adolescents related to STDs. OBJECTIVES: To assess knowledge of STDs, attitudes towards sexual behaviour and STDs among the secondary school students. METHODS: A cross sectional study, with a sample size of 423 students, was conducted by using a semi-structured questionnaire. Simple random sampling method was applied during the selection of the sample. RESULTS: The mean age of all participants was 15.61 +/- 1.22, 211 (49.88%) of them were male and 212 (50.12%) female. The majority of students (91.25%) stated that they had some knowledge about STDs; hovewer, 8.75% of the participants did not have any knowledge at all. Most of them, 42.32% described school as a source of information on STDs, nonetheless, only 7.57% of the group cited health care professionals as the information source. The majority of students (97.64%) has never been treated for STDs. Among 423 applicants, 93.14% indicated that they would have appreciated information about STDs during the high school years. CONCLUSIONS: There is a general understanding that the students are willing to participate and are in need of seminars that will be held about STDs during high school attendance. Furthermore, awareness raising educational events on this matter should be reviewed and revised in order to come up with more powerful ways of fighting against STDs transmission in this young population group of Turkish Cypriot (TC) community.

Kaptano?lu AF; Süer K; Dikta? H; Hinçal E

2013-03-01

387

Evaluation the Dimension of Measurement and Evaluation in New Programme of Turkish Literature Applying in Turkey: A Case Study  

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Full Text Available In our country, new Turkish Literature Programme aiming to reconstruct the education system more contemporary and productive with it’s measurement and evaluational dimention has been attracting attention, the most striking and essential innovation of the new measurement and evaluation system is that it provides applications making the student’s evaluating themselves. The aim of this research is evaluating the dimension of measurement and evaluation in new programme of Turkish Literature applying in Turkey. Moreover, it is defined as a qualitative descriptive research. During the level of data collection, semi- structured and non-orientated interviewing technique has been carried out. The research has been fulfilled with the cooperation of 16 teachers of Turkish Philology in Çanakkale in 2006-2007 Educational Term. As it is taken out from what teachers state that there have been too much measurement and evaluation observation forms in new programme of Turkish Literature. They also declare that they are unable to apply the such numerous measurement tools and methods as they are required. On the other side of the research, according to the question whether there are parts which should be omited in the measurement and evaluation department, it is considered that several problems have been experienced because of crowd in class size as it is quite difficult to apply group work in crowded classes. When we glance at the answer to the question whether they apply alternative measurement and evaluation approach, we meet the common idea that it is essential either to restart to apply the ex-programme or to train the teachers widely about the target point.

Mehmet KURUDAYIO?LU; Çavu? ?AH?N; Gamze ÇEL?K

2008-01-01

388

Turkish Elementary School Students' Perceptions of Local and Global Terrorism  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction: Historically, terrorism has occurred in various regions of the world and has been considered a local problem until the September, 11 terrorist attacks on the United States in 2001. After 9/11, terrorism has become a global concern. The definition of terrorism has changed from a violent act of a group of local people against their…

Aricak, Tolga; Bekci, Banu; Siyahhan, Sinem; Martinez, Rebecca

2008-01-01

389

A Study of Turkish Chemistry Undergraduates' Understandings of Entropy  

Science.gov (United States)

|Entropy is that fundamental concept of chemical thermodynamics, which explains the natural tendency of matter and energy in the Universe. The analysis presents the description of entropy, as understood by the Turkish chemistry undergraduates.|

Sozbilir, Mustafa; Bennett, Judith M.

2007-01-01

390

The status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC)  

Science.gov (United States)

Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) project is supported by the State Planning Organization (SPO) of Turkey and coordinated by Ankara University. After having completed the Feasibility Report (FR) in 2000 and the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) in 2005, third phase of the project started in 2006 as an inter-universities project including ten Turkish Universities with the support of SPO. Third phase of the project has two main scientific goals: to prepare the Technical Design Report (TDR) of TAC and to establish an Infrared Free Electron Laser (IR FEL) facility, named as Turkish Accelerator and Radiation Laboratory at Ankara (TARLA) as a first step. The facility is planned to be completed in 2015 and will be based on 15-40 MeV superconducting linac. In this paper, main aims, national and regional importance, main parts main parameters, status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center will be presented.

Yava?, Ö.

2012-02-01

391

The status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) project is supported by the State Planning Organization (SPO) of Turkey and coordinated by Ankara University. After having completed the Feasibility Report (FR) in 2000 and the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) in 2005, third phase of the project started in 2006 as an inter-universities project including ten Turkish Universities with the support of SPO. Third phase of the project has two main scientific goals: to prepare the Technical Design Report (TDR) of TAC and to establish an Infrared Free Electron Laser (IR FEL) facility, named as Turkish Accelerator and Radiation Laboratory at Ankara (TARLA) as a first step. The facility is planned to be completed in 2015 and will be based on 15-40 MeV superconducting linac. In this paper, main aims, national and regional importance, main parts main parameters, status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center will be presented.

2012-02-14

392

Hamdi Suat-Hulusi Behçet: An Affective Trainee - Tutor Relationship from Turkish Medical History  

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Full Text Available This article is about the trainee - tutor relationship between two eminent figures of Turkish medical history, namely Hamdi Suat Aknar (1873-1936) and Hulusi Behçet (1889-1948). Hamdi Suat Aknar was the pioneer of modern pathology in Turkey. Alongside his scientific achievements, he took educational activities seriously and exerted a great effort to train his students as proficient clinicians and physicians with good command of histology and histopathology. Hulusi Behçet met Hamdi Suat Aknar when he was a medical student and did not lose his contact with him ever since, even after becoming an internationally well-known scientist. Hulusi Behçet mentioned his tutor with gratitude at every opportunity and wrote a necrology full of sincerity after his death.

Gülay SATAR; Selim KADIO?LU

2011-01-01

393

Geographical motifs in Turkish folk music lexicon and similarity analysis  

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Full Text Available Turkish folk music, as the name implies, is music that comes from the people and it is a kind of music that defines and tells the people. It is significantly affected by the physical and human features of the region where it is said. Turkey which is located on Anatolia that hosts many civilizations through history has rich folk music culture. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of geography in shaping Turkish folk music and to specify Turkish folk music regions. For this purpose, 4440 Turkish folk music works which are hold in TRT repertoire are scanned and the geographic words in these works are classified according to provinces. According to these selected words, similarity levels of the provinces are identified. Hierarchical clustering analysis is applied to determine the similarity levels of the provinces. Similarity distance between provinces is calculated with the hierarchical cluster analysis. As a result of this analysis, the works of Turkish folk music influenced by geographical features and there are some similarities and interactions between localities and the regions. According to geographic vocabulary similarities used in the works of Turkish folk music, Turkey is divided into six regions, namely Western Anatolia, Central Anatolia, East Anatolia, Middle East Anatolia, Southeast Anatolia and the Black Sea region.

Mehmet Gürbüz; Mehmet ?ahin

2012-01-01

394

The Influence of the Turkish Anti-Tobacco Law on Primary School Children in Edirne  

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Full Text Available Objective: The Turkish anti-tobacco law was accepted and effectuated in 1996. All forms of cigarette advertising, the sale of tobacco products to persons under the age of 18 and smoking in public institutions were all restricted. In this paper, we aimed to evaluate the influence of the Turkish anti-tobacco law on children for the periods before the law, after three years and after 10 years. Material and Methods: A self-completed questionnaire was distributed among primary school children. This included questions about the children’s smoking habits, their opinions of parents’ and teachers’ smoking habits, tobacco use in public places and the recognition rate of 16 food, drink, cigarette and toothpaste logos and brand names. The first, second and third applications of the questionnaire were performed with students who attended the same classes in the same primary schools, accounting for 772 children in June 1996, 1,157 children in February 1999 and 719 children in June 2006.Results: When these three periods were evaluated, it could be seen that the prevalence of having smoked significantly decreased (13.9%, 4%, 2.2%, p<0.001), as did the rate of purchasing cigarettes within the past week (36.6%, 29.1%, 15.8%, p<0.001). The disagreement with parents’ and teachers’ smoking habits and tobacco usage in public places increased significantly (p<0.001), while the recognition rates of some cigarette brand names and logos significantly decreased, specifically with regards to Marlboro, Camel and Samsun (p<0.001). Conclusion: The Turkish anti-tobacco law has had a positive effect on primary school children in Edirne, and therefore could be a model for other countries.

Erhan Tabako?lu; Tuncay Ça?lar; Osman N. Hatipo?lu; Gündeniz Alt?ay; Ebru Çak?r Edis; Necdet Süt

2011-01-01

395

The Turkish version of Maternal Attachment Inventory  

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Full Text Available Objective: The research has been designed as methodological with purpose of the validity and the reliability of the Turkish language version of Maternal Attachment Inventory on mothers within one and four months postpartum. Method: This study was carried out with mothers registered at 19 Health Clinics and three Maternal-Child Health and Family Planning Clinics in which connected to Bornova Health Presidency in Izmir. The sample of research has been composed three clinics in which determined with the purposive sampling technique. First stage, the research was studied on 165 mothers when their babies were approximately 30-40 days old in these registered clinics.At the second stage of research has been interviewed again with 78 mothers when their babies were approximately 90-105 days old.Results: It is determined that experts consensuses about content of items as a result of analysis (Kendall’s W=0.274, p=0.001

Oya Kavlak; Ahsen ?irin

2009-01-01

396

Workplace violence: a study of Turkish workers.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This research was conducted to address the experience of workplace violence of Turkish workers from different sectors and to investigate the impact of the exposed violence on their psychological well-being. Data were collected anonymously with printed questionnaires from the volunteer participants and depended on self-reporting. The response rate was 79.0% (1708/2161). The prevalence of workplace violence was found to be 44.8%. The most common type was verbal violence together with mobbing (bullying). Victims of physical violence were mostly males, whereas females were found to be victims of verbal, psychological and sexual violence. Most cases did not result in legal action and the victims remained silent. Psychological well-being of exposed workers in terms of depression, anxiety and stress seemed to deteriorate. Workplace violence remains a silent epidemic in Turkey. Preventive measures against workplace violence and social support for violated workers do not exist.

Aytac S; Bozkurt V; Bayram N; Yildiz S; Aytac M; Akinci FS; Bilgel N

2011-01-01

397

Workplace violence: a study of Turkish workers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This research was conducted to address the experience of workplace violence of Turkish workers from different sectors and to investigate the impact of the exposed violence on their psychological well-being. Data were collected anonymously with printed questionnaires from the volunteer participants and depended on self-reporting. The response rate was 79.0% (1708/2161). The prevalence of workplace violence was found to be 44.8%. The most common type was verbal violence together with mobbing (bullying). Victims of physical violence were mostly males, whereas females w