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1

Factors Influencing Science Learning Outcomes for 14-Year-Old Singaporean Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

Causal modeling procedures were used to test causal inferences about hypothesized relationships among the major influences on science learning outcomes for a secondary-two (equivalent to grade 8) sample of Singaporean students. A sample of approximately 900 was selected from schools that represented the population of secondary-two students

Foong, Yoke-Yeen; And Others

2

Recurrent sinus pericranii in a 14-year-old boy.  

Science.gov (United States)

A case of symptomatic and recurrent sinus pericranii in a 14-year-old boy is presented. A blood-filled cyst was diagnosed after head trauma. The sinus pericranii was surgically removed. One year later the patient presented with blurred vision, headaches, and recurrence at a different site in the skull. PMID:3652072

Brown, J A; Woldenberg, L; Velasco, M E

1987-01-01

3

Enterobius vermicularis in a 14-Year-Old Girl's Eye ?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We report an unusual case of extraintestinal infection with adult Enterobius vermicularis worms in the nares and ocular orbit of a 14-year-old girl in Illinois. Only one other similar case has been reported in the English-language literature.

Babady, N. Esther; Awender, Erich; Geller, Robert; Miller, Terry; Scheetz, Gayle; Arguello, Heather; Weisenberg, Scott A.; Pritt, Bobbi

2011-01-01

4

Ectopic cilia in a 14-year-old boy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ectopic cilia is a very rare condition in human beings, usually presented as a tuft of densely grouped hair on the lateral quadrant of the upper eyelid or conjunctival surface of the eyelid. The embryologic origin of this anomaly is unknown, and few cases have been recorded in literature. In most cases, it causes no apparent medical morbidity but is treated by surgical excision because of its cosmetic aspect. We report a 14-year-old boy with ectopic cilia with approximately 20 hairs occurring as single and grouped hairs pattern emerging from anterior surface of eyelid. Positive history of the same anomaly in his paternal grandfather demonstrates evidence of an inherited genetic disorder. PMID:21276055

Baghestani, Shahram; Banihashemi, Seyyed Ali

2011-01-01

5

Teaching argument writing to 7-14-year-olds : an international review of the evidence of successful practice.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A systematic review was undertaken in 2006 to answer the question ‘What is the evidence for successful practice in teaching and learning with regard to non?fiction writing (specifically argumentational writing) for 7? to 14?year?olds?’, using EPPI?Centre methodology. Results showed that certain conditions have to be in place. These include: a writing process model in which students are encouraged to plan, draft, edit and revise their writing; some degree of cognitive reasoning t...

2009-01-01

6

Fracture of the acetabulum in a 14-year-old patient: 20-year review  

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A case report of 14-year old female with an acetabular fracture involving the anterior column and posterior column-posterior wall is presented here and the findings on 20-year follow-up are described.

Sprenger, T. R.; Howard, F. M.

2001-01-01

7

Drug Ingestions in Children 10-14 Years Old: An Old Problem Revisited  

Science.gov (United States)

To determine changes in rates of drug ingestions in 10-14 year old children in our country, a retrospective chart review of 10-14 year olds hospitalized for drug ingestion between 1993-1995 and 2000-2004 was performed. Odds ratios and Chi-square were used for analyses. From 1993-1995 there were 92.8 ingestions/100,000 children/year; from 2000-2004…

Pomerantz, Wendy; Gittelman, Michael; Farris, Sarah; Frey, Lauren

2009-01-01

8

CONTEMPORARY ISSUES OF TURKISH ACCORDING TO TURKISH STUDENT TEACHERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this research, is assessment of student teachers’ the views on contemporary issues in Turkish. In this study, interviewing method within the framework of qualitative research was used. Research was carried out working group consisting of 72 Turkish student teachers in Faculty of Education Erciyes University. The working group was created having a specified goal and cluster sampling method. Descriptive statistical method was used the data analysis about Personal information of student teachers. The data obtained from the interviewing forms were analyzed through content analysis. The results of this study, According to Turkish student teachers the most important problems as the first three mentioned: “sloppy and incorrect use of Turkish language, (39 %”, “the use of foreign words/foreign language passion or affectation (29 %” and “teacher factor, the problems of teacher training programs, Turkish learning and teaching insufficiency (14%”.

Ali GÖÇER

2013-01-01

9

Prevalence of Allergic Rhinitis in 13-14 Year Old School Children in Hamedan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: Allergic Rhinitis (AR is an inflammatory disorder of the nasal mucosa characterized by nasal congestion, rhinorrhea and itching and often accompanied by sneezing and conjunctival irritation. Two prerequisites for the expression of AR are sensitivity to an allergen and its presence in the environment. Recognition of allergens and removal and avoidance of them can decrease the prevalence of AR. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of AR in Hamedan, Iran, and recognition of effective factors involved in expression of AR.Methods: The study was undertaken between October 2005 and June 2006 among 13- to 14-year-old children in middle-schools of Hamedan. Data were collected using the standardized ISAAC written questionnaire for prevalence of AR and another questionnaire for effective factors on AR including gender, season of expression of AR, smoking parents, keeping pets and birds, apartment plants, breast milking and family size. In the second phase the students with AR were examined for signs of AR.Findings: A total of 1600 (900 girls and 700 boys children participated in the study. 17.7% of the children had symptoms of allergic rhinitis sometime in their life. There was no significant difference between prevalence of AR between boys and girls (18.6% in the boys and 17% in the girls (P>0.05. 37.2% of the cases were perennial and 62.8% of them were seasonal or mixed type. AR was more prevalent in spring (21%. The prevalence of the disease between students with smoking parents and non smoking parents were 30.6% and 11.2% respectively (P0.05. The most common signs of AR were allergic shiners (54% and clear and dilute nasal secretion (51%.Conclusion: Compared with previous studies conducted in other Iranian cities using similar method, the prevalence of allergic rhinitis was lower in Hamedan. The prevalence of AR may be reduced with avoidance of smoking and removal of pets.

Mohsen Jari

10

Cervical ankylosis following Grisel's syndrome in a 14-year-old boy with infectious mononucleosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation (Grisel's syndrome) is an uncommon complication of neck space infection or otolaryngologic procedures. It most frequently affects children, although it may occur in adults. We present a 14-year-old boy with Grisel's syndrome as a complication of infectious mononucleosis proceeding to cervical ankylosis. (orig.)

2005-03-01

11

Hydroxyapatite deposition disease presenting as calcific periarthritis in a 14-year-old girl  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We report a case of hydroxyapatite deposition disease presenting as acute periarthritis in a 14-year-old girl with typical radiological features and clinical course. We also review the clinical and laboratory features to increase awareness of this entity. (orig.).

Rush, P.J.; Wilmot, D.; Shore, A.

1986-02-01

12

Frontal bone tuberculosis presenting with blindness in a 14-year-old girl: a case report  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Introduction The occurrence of tuberculosis in the flat bones of the skull is very rare. Only eight cases of tuberculosis of the frontal bone have been reported in the literature. Case presentation A 14-year-old girl of Asian ethnicity presented with gradual loss of vision. A computed tomography scan of her head showed a diffuse, homogeneously ill-defined hyperdense lesion of size 2.9 × 5.3 cm (anteroposterior × thickness) involving the right orbit. B...

Shameem Mohammad; Saad Talha; Bhargava Rakesh; Ahmad Zuber; Fatima Nazish; Khan Haris; Huda Fakhrul

2009-01-01

13

Photobacterium damsela wound infection in a 14-year-old surfer.  

Science.gov (United States)

Photobacterium damsela (P damsela) is a common marine bacterium. Rare reports of P damsela causing septicemia and wound infection have been described in children. We report a case of Photobacterium damsela isolated from a wound culture taken from a 14-year-old male injured after a minor trauma while surfing. We alert physicians to this infection and the importance of early diagnosis and appropriate antimicrobial therapy for wound infection following seawater injury. PMID:19279534

Aigbivbalu, Lem; Maraqa, Nizar

2009-04-01

14

STEP COUNTS AND BODY MASS INDEX AMONG 9-14 YEARS OLD GREEK SCHOOLCHILDREN  

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The main purpose of this study was the identification of the current pedometer determined physical activity levels of a large sample of 9 -14 years old Greek schoolchildren and the determination of the association between daily step counts and body mass index through the comparison of step counts among overweight, obese and normal-weight children. A total of 532 children (263 boys and 269 girls) were measured for height and weight. Their activity levels were analyzed using pedometers to measu...

2011-01-01

15

Clinical and morphological features of ovarian pure dysgerminoma: a report of a 14 years old girl  

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Dysgerminoma is best known as the ovarian counterpart of seminoma of the testis Relatively uncommon tumors, dysgerminomas account for less than 2% of all ovarian cancer. We report a case of a 14 years old girl with a large and rapidly growing unilaleral ovarian dysgerminoma. Examination of the surgical specimen showed a tumor of 27x17x8 cm in size and 4800 gr. in weight. It was oval in shape with a slightly glistening fibrous capsule, soft but solid and hemorrhagic. The mass arose from the ri...

Pop-Trajkovi? Zoran; Veljkovi? Milena; Radovi? Miodrag; Kati? Vuka V.; Petrovi? Aleksandar S.; Lili? Vekoslav

2002-01-01

16

Bilateral myopic photorefractive keratectomy in a 14-year-old boy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Context: Refractive surgery has been performed for more than 10 years. Laser-assisted intrastromal keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) may be used in accommodative esotropia either in adolescent or in adult patients. Some authors have shown that LASIK is safe, effective, and stable at 10 years follow-up post-surgery. Case report: A 14-year-old boy was admitted to our outpatient department on 08-01-2008. Together with his parents he asked for both eyes to be operated o...

Italo Giuffrè

2010-01-01

17

Oral submucous fibrosis: a premalignant condition in a 14-year-old Indian girl.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 14-year-old Indian girl presented with difficulty in mouth opening and burning sensation while eating. On examination, blanching of the oral mucosa with diffuse white pigmented lesion of size 3.5 to 2 cm along with melanotic pigmentation was seen on the left buccal mucosa posteriorly. The patient was diagnosed with oral submucous fibrosis. A comprehensive treatment plan was made based on conservative management that included motivation and intense counselling of the patient and her parents so that she quits the habit of chewing areca nut and tobacco, along with systemic treatment of vitamin B complex supplements, antioxidants, multivitamins and oral physiotherapy. We present this case to highlight the difficulties faced by the clinical practitioners in providing treatment because of the taboos and myths associated with surgical treatment modality in rural population as well as to emphasise the menace of increasing consumption and availability of tobacco and areca nut to children. PMID:24334472

Deshpande, Anshula; Kiran, Shital; Dhillon, Steffi; Mallikarjuna, Rachappa

2013-01-01

18

STEP COUNTS AND BODY MASS INDEX AMONG 9-14 YEARS OLD GREEK SCHOOLCHILDREN  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main purpose of this study was the identification of the current pedometer determined physical activity levels of a large sample of 9 -14 years old Greek schoolchildren and the determination of the association between daily step counts and body mass index through the comparison of step counts among overweight, obese and normal-weight children. A total of 532 children (263 boys and 269 girls were measured for height and weight. Their activity levels were analyzed using pedometers to measure mean steps for 7 consecutive days. Overweight and obese status was determined using the international reference standard (Cole et al., 2000. According to data analysis mean step counts ranged from 15371 to10539 for boys and from 11536 to 7893 for girls. Steps per day were significantly more for boys compared to girls. Children with normal weight performed significantly more steps per day compared to their overweight and obese classmates. Daily step counts reported in this study for 9 -14 year old schoolchildren were relatively low when compared to step counts from other European countries. Only 33.9% of the participants satisfied the body mass index referenced standards for recommended steps per day. Finally, the results of this study provide baseline information on youth pedometer determined physical activity and on youth body mass index levels. High prevalence of low daily step counts and BMI determined obesity was revealed prompting for further exploration of the relationship between objectively measured physical activity and adiposity in particular for children and adolescents that experience both health risk factors.

Maria Michalopoulou

2011-03-01

19

Homework Motivation and Preferences of Turkish Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Turkish students' motivation sources, organisational approaches, physical needs and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process were examined in 1776 students in Grades 5-8 from 10 randomly selected schools in two districts of a major urban city in Turkey. These constructs were examined to determine grade, gender,…

Iflazoglu, Ayten; Hong, Eunsook

2012-01-01

20

Perceptions of Creativity by Turkish Student Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study is to determine whether Turkish student teachers have implicit opinions regarding creativity. For this purpose, whether the student teachers' genders, backgrounds, and socioeconomic levels created significant differences on the formation of their implicit opinions regarding creativity was examined. First, the What Do You…

Dikici, Ayhan

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
21

Cyberbullying and Victimisation among Turkish University Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the extent of cyberbullying and victimisation among Turkish university students at a state college of education. A personal information form and 56 scaled items were administered to 254 students. Items addressing cyberbullying victimisation were adopted from a recent study, whereas parallel cyberbullying items were…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Eristi, Bahadir

2011-01-01

22

Clinical and morphological features of ovarian pure dysgerminoma: a report of a 14 years old girl  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Dysgerminoma is best known as the ovarian counterpart of seminoma of the testis Relatively uncommon tumors, dysgerminomas account for less than 2% of all ovarian cancer. We report a case of a 14 years old girl with a large and rapidly growing unilaleral ovarian dysgerminoma. Examination of the surgical specimen showed a tumor of 27x17x8 cm in size and 4800 gr. in weight. It was oval in shape with a slightly glistening fibrous capsule, soft but solid and hemorrhagic. The mass arose from the right ovary and did not invade any surrounding structures. The tumor and the ovary were torqued with its fallopian tube. Microscopic examination showed typical characteristics of ovarian dysgerminoma, with a micrometastasis in the omentum (in the vicinity of the tumor. The patient underwent a right salpingo-oophorectomy, had an uncomplicated postoperative course and received radio and chemotherapy Thirty months after the operation, the patient is in good health and with normal ultrasound and laboratory results. We believe that conservative surgery followed by adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy seems to be ideal treatment in case of pure ovarian dysgerminoma when careful surgical staging confirmed the unilaterality of disease.

Pop-Trajkovi? Zoran

2002-01-01

23

Bilateral myopic photorefractive keratectomy in a 14-year-old boy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Context: Refractive surgery has been performed for more than 10 years. Laser-assisted intrastromal keratomileusis (LASIK and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK may be used in accommodative esotropia either in adolescent or in adult patients. Some authors have shown that LASIK is safe, effective, and stable at 10 years follow-up post-surgery. Case report: A 14-year-old boy was admitted to our outpatient department on 08-01-2008. Together with his parents he asked for both eyes to be operated on by myopic PRK. On September 5th 2008 a myopic PRK was performed on his right eye and on September 12th 2008 on his left eye. A Bausch & Lomb Z172 excimer laser was used to perform a Planoscan procedure on both eyes. Uncorrected visual acuity was 1.0 after both procedures. The patient did not suffer pain, haze or glare in postoperative follow-up. Conclusion: Apart from the surgical technique, the author raises questions about the ethics of this procedure in a young boy.

Italo Giuffrè

2010-01-01

24

Nephrotic syndrome complicated by renal and cerebral infarctions in a 14-year-old girl.  

Science.gov (United States)

Venous thrombosis is a well-known complication of nephrotic syndrome (NS), while arterial thrombosis is rare. We know of no reports of children with this complication. Here we report a case of 14-year-old girl with NS, who complicated with renal and cerebral infarctions resulting from arterial thrombosis. Urinary examination showed heavy proteinuria. She had intravascular dehydration. Serum albumin was 0.9 g/dL. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed a low-attenuation area in the right kidney. Decreased blood flow in the right middle cerebral artery was observed on MRA and also on multi-detector-row head CT. Urokinase and heparin were given. Cerebral infarction was treated neuroprotectively by i.v. infusion of edaravone. Comprehensive assessment of intravascular dehydration and the coagulation-fibrinolysis system is needed to guide decisions concerning prophylactic anticoagulation therapy. Better understanding of NS and its risks, as well as the necessity of drug therapy, may help teenagers to accept and cooperate with treatment. PMID:22830545

Sugimoto, Keisuke; Iba, Yoshinori; Fujita, Shinsuke; Sakata, Naoki; Okada, Mitsuru; Takemura, Tsukasa

2012-08-01

25

Psychological Adaptation of Turkish Students at U.S. Campuses  

Science.gov (United States)

The number of Turkish citizens entering the U.S. for their studies is growing more rapidly than almost any other group. The purpose of the current study was to investigate how acculturation factors affect psychological adaptation of Turkish students in the U.S. One hundred and twenty-four Turkish students participated in the study. Regression…

Bektas, Yelda; Demir, Ayhan; Bowden, Randall

2009-01-01

26

Prevalence of malocclusion in 14-year old Greek children using the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI.  

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Full Text Available The aim of this epidemiological investigation was to study malocclusion in the 14-year old population nationwide. The orthodontic index DAI was chosen as a measurement means. The DAI is proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO. The use of the DAI has the advantage of grading malocclusion, thus providing with the possibility of objectively assessing the priorities for orthodontic treatment care. The study included a random and representative sample of 4451 pupils (3% of the corresponding total schoolchildren population from the 9 health districts (H.D. of Greece. 488 pupils were excluded because they did not fulfill the study criteria (they had either completed or were undergoing active orthodontic treatment. The selection of schools - sampling points (s.p. was performed with a special computer program using the method of random numbers. The total number of sampling points nationwide was 24. The number of sampling points and pupils per H.D. was determined based on the WHO regulations and the sampling methodology. A permanent examiner - the author - performed all examinations. Based on the DAI criteria, 52.53% of the pupils presented varying degrees of malocclusion. This value is in agreement with similar studies performed in the USA and 10 other countries using the same index. The highest percentage of malocclusion was found in the 8th H.D. "Aegean Islands" and the lowest in the 6th H.D. "East Macedonia". Percentages for orthodontic treatment of medium, high and very high resulting from the DAI scale are 28.2, 9.84 and 14.49 respectively. Although the percentage of orthodontic treatment need is the same for both sexes, the percentage of girls who received orthodontic treatment was twice that of boys. Orthodontic treatment care in pupils of private schools was four times that of pupils in public schools.

P.G. Hatzopoulos

1999-01-01

27

Exostosis subungueal en un adolescente de 14 años / Subungual exostosis in a 14 years old boy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La exostosis subungueal es un tumor benigno de hueso trabecular rodeado por una cápsula fibrocartilaginosa; aparece principalmente en la falange distal del hallux, por debajo de la uña o adyacente a ella y se manifiesta clínicamente por alteración de la uña suprayacente o de los tejidos blandos peri [...] ungueales, respectivamente. Es infrecuente en la infancia y más común en el sexo femenino. La sospecha clínica se confirma por el hallazgo radiológico (placa de perfil) de una excrecencia de hueso trabecular que se proyecta desde la superficie dorsal de la falange distal del dedo afectado. El tratamiento de elección consiste en el legrado o remoción quirúrgica de la lesión. Presentamos un caso de exostosis subungueal localizada en el hallux en un varón de 14 años de edad, con la tríada característica de esta entidad: dolor digital, lesión subungueal con deformidad de la lámina ungueal y hallazgos radiográficos característicos. Abstract in english Subungual exostosis is a benign bony outgrowth surrounded by a fibrocartilaginous capsule that mainly affects hallux terminal phalanx with subungual or periungular localization, and that clinically determines variable degree of nail plate or periungular soft tissues alterations, respectively, It is [...] uncommon in childhood and more frequent in females. Clínical suspicion is confirmed by the radiographic finding of a distinct trabecular bone growth arising from the dorsal aspect of the phalanx of the affected finger, on the lateral incidence. Curettage or surgical excision is the treatment of choice. We report a case of subungual exostosis located at the hallux in a 14-year-old boy suffering from subungual exostosis of the hallux that presented the characteristic triad of this entity: subungular tumor with nail plate deformity, digital pain and radiologic typical findings.

Larralde, Margarita; Boggio, Paula; Abad, María Eugenia; Pagotto, Betina; Castillo, Andrea.

28

Dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in 4â??14-year-old Danish children  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Little is known about dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in children, and the aim of the present study was to investigate 4â??14-year-old children's dietary patterns specifically on weekdays (Mondayâ??Thursday) and weekend days (Saturdayâ??Sunday). Dietary data were derived from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003â??8, where a total of 784 children aged 4â??14 years completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns in the age groups 4â??6, 7â??10 and 11â??14 years. Consistently, two dietary patterns, labelled â??processedâ?? and â??health consciousâ??, emerged on both weekdays and weekend days. Factor scores from corresponding dietary patterns were significantly correlated between weekdays and weekend days with the exception of the â??health consciousâ?? pattern in the 7â??10-year-olds. Within each age group, children with high agreement for the â??processedâ?? pattern had a significantly higher dietary energy density, which was reflected insignificantly higher intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables, compared with children with high agreement for the â??health consciousâ?? pattern (P < 0·05). Moreover, these variables indicated less healthy dietary intakes on weekend days than on weekdays for both patterns. In conclusion, two distinct dietary patterns, labelled â??processedâ?? and â??health consciousâ??, were identified on both weekdays and weekend days for each age group. While overall major dietary patterns may somewhat track between weekdays and weekends, the specific foods actually eaten became less healthy during weekends.

Rothausen, Berit Worm; Matthiessen, Jeppe

2013-01-01

29

Atypical presentation of acute idiopathic megacolon in a 14-year-old patient  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In clinical practice the term “megacolon” is used to indicate a marked dilatation of the cecum and the sigmoid colon (>12 and 6.5 cm, respectively (1. From a clinical standpoint, a megacolon can be classified as chronic or acute depending on its clinical presentation. Chronic megacolon typically refers to a congenital disorder in which the enteric nervous system (ENS supplying the colon does not develop properly, thereby leaving the distal segments of the viscus without myenteric and submucosal ganglia (i.e. Hirschsprung’s disease (2. Other cases of non-aganglionic chronic megacolon can be secondary to variety of conditions such as Chagas’ disease and neurodegenerative diseases (e.g. Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, leading to or associated with ENS abnormalities (3. The acute form of megacolon, also referred to as Ogilvie’s syndrome, is characterized by a predominant involvement of the cecum and right colon usually affecting elderly patients undergoing surgery (e.g. orthopedic procedures or taking medications altering gut motility (e.g. opioids or antidepressants (4. Some forms of acute megacolon, however, can be idiopathic in origin since no underlying etiology can be identified. Patients with acute idiopathic megacolon usually have a longstanding history of constipation, often accompanied by laxative abuse, and their clinical presentation is characterized by abdominal distension and severe pain with radiological evidence of stool impacted in the colon and rectum (1, 4. The case herein reported represents an unusual form of acute idiopathic megacolon characterized by massive descending and sigmoid colon distension complicated with a volvulus in a 14-year-old boy with no Hirschsprung’s disease. In addition, just to increase the peculiarity of this case report, the patient had an unremarkable clinical record, and never suffered from chronic constipation in the past.

R. Pezzilli

2012-12-01

30

Correlation between fitness and fatness in 6-14-year old Serbian school children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Lack of physical activity and/or physical fitness are some reasons epidemiologists suggest for increase in childhood obesity in the last 20 years, with clear correlation between body composition and physical activity and/or physical fitness yet to be determined. The objectives of the study were to (a) investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Serbian school children and (b) determine the relationship between indicators of physical activity and body fatness in Serbian school children aged 6-14 years. The study subjects included a representative sample of Serbian elementary school children (n = 1,121-754 boys and 367 girls-aged 6.2-14.1 years), all of whom were recruited in the OLIMP (Obesity and Physical Activity among Serbian School Children) study. Anthropometric and physical fitness values, including body mass index (BMI), waist-circumference, body-fat, and aerobic capacity, were measured in all the children. Significant differences were found between male and female children regarding the prevalence of obesity (6.8% vs 8.2%, p < 0.05, boys and girls respectively). Boys had significantly lower body mass, BMI, waist-circumference, sum of six skinfolds, and body-fat compared to their female counterparts (p < 0.05). The highest level of weight, BMI, body-fat, and waist-circumference observed in a 14-year old girl (96.3 kg, 40.5 kg/m2, 54.5%, 91.4 cm respectively) implies the existence of extreme obesity in Serbian school children. The negative relationship between body-fat and maximal oxygen (VO2max) uptake was moderately high (r = -0.76; p < 0.05). The study has shown a high prevalence of adiposity among Serbian school children, with a strong negative relationship between aerobic fitness and body fatness. Data of the study emphasize the necessity to identify children with weight problems and to develop early interventions to improve physical activity in children and prevent the increase of childhood obesity. PMID:21528790

Ostojic, Sergej M; Stojanovic, Marko D; Stojanovic, Vladan; Maric, Jelena; Njaradi, Nenad

2011-02-01

31

Cervical ankylosis following Grisel's syndrome in a 14-year-old boy with infectious mononucleosis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation (Grisel's syndrome) is an uncommon complication of neck space infection or otolaryngologic procedures. It most frequently affects children, although it may occur in adults. We present a 14-year-old boy with Grisel's syndrome as a complication of infectious mononucleosis proceeding to cervical ankylosis. (orig.)

Haidar, Salwa; Armstrong, Derek [Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Toronto, Ont. (Canada); Drake, James [Hospital for Sick Children, Department of Neurosurgery, Toronto (Canada)

2005-03-01

32

Neurotropic T-cell-rich B-cell lymphoma in a 14-year-old Morgan gelding.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 14-year-old Morgan gelding was presented for progressive weakness and muscle atrophy. The horse was initially diagnosed with equine protozoal myelitis based on history, physical examination, and laboratory diagnostics. Despite therapy, the horse declined clinically and was euthanized. Necropsy revealed a rare form of neurotropic lymphoma, described in this report. PMID:24688140

Westerman, Trina L; Poulsen, Keith P; Schlipf, John W; Valentine, Beth A

2014-04-01

33

Anthropometric and dietary predictors of insulin sensitivity in 10- to 14-year-old boys and girls.  

Science.gov (United States)

The high prevalence of pediatric obesity has made preventing chronic diseases through healthy lifestyle behaviours a priority within pediatrics. Examining the association between diet and insulin sensitivity (IS) in youth may provide important insights for tailoring preventative dietary interventions. The objective of this study was to explore the associations among anthropometry, diet, and IS in 10- to 14-year-olds. In this cross-sectional study, the primary outcome measure was IS, measured noninvasively using a (13)C glucose breath test. Exposure variables included body mass index (BMI) z score and several dietary variables, including glycemic index (GI), glycemic load, and fiber, magnesium, vegetable and fruit, and fat intakes, all of which were derived from a validated, Web-based 24-h recall tool. Multiple regression analyses were performed for boys and girls separately. In total, 378 students (227 girls) aged 12.1 ± 1.2 years were studied. In this sample ?24% of youth were considered overweight or obese (BMI z score = 0.41 ± 0.93). Multiple regression analyses showed that BMI z score was negatively and independently associated with (13)C insulin sensitivity score ((13)CISS) in both boys and girls (boys: ? = -0.501; girls: ? = -0.446; both p < 0.001). GI was negatively and independently related to (13)CISS in boys (? = -0.195, p < 0.05) but not in girls. Other dietary variables were not associated with IS. In addition to BMI z score, a low GI diet predicted (13)CISS in boys but not in girls. This finding suggests that interventions that reduce BMI (in both sexes) and include a low GI diet among boys may improve IS. PMID:23537025

Forbes, Laura E; Downs, Shauna M; Fraser, Shawn N; Majumdar, Sumit R; Ball, Geoff D C; Plotnikoff, Ronald C; Wozny, Paul D; Torrance, Brian D; McCargar, Linda J; Lewanczuk, Richard Z; McGavock, Jonathan M

2013-03-01

34

LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGY PREFERENCES OF TURKISH STUDENTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A learning style is a preferred way of acquiring knowledge and processing information. Learning styles may differ depending on gender, age, or culture. Niles (1995 in his study “Cultural Differences in Learning Motivation and Learning Strategies” studied the cultural impact on learning strategies and found considerable differences between culturally different students.Providing evidence for the relationship between culture and learning strategy preference and use, this study aims at examining the use and preference of language learning strategies of Turkish students while they are learning English.

Selma Deneme

2008-10-01

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Abnormal talk by a 14-year-old boy with hypersomnolence after a long-haul flight  

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This case alerts readers to the occurrence of grammatical, nonsensical speech in a 14-year-old boy, an alarming symptom. Speech of this sort may be caused by serious medical conditions such as cerebral irritation and acute confusional states, but in this case it was most probably part of a sleepwalking episode associated with jetlag. Abnormal speech during sleepwalking has been described, but it is not well characterised. This report of somniloquy offers some descriptive phenomenology for suc...

Hurwitz, Brian; Richardson, Joshua

2010-01-01

36

Abnormal talk by a 14-year-old boy with hypersomnolence after a long-haul flight.  

Science.gov (United States)

This case alerts readers to the occurrence of grammatical, nonsensical speech in a 14-year-old boy, an alarming symptom. Speech of this sort may be caused by serious medical conditions such as cerebral irritation and acute confusional states, but in this case it was most probably part of a sleepwalking episode associated with jetlag. Abnormal speech during sleepwalking has been described, but it is not well characterised. This report of somniloquy offers some descriptive phenomenology for such speech. PMID:22767364

Hurwitz, Brian; Richardson, Joshua

2010-01-01

37

A 14-year-old Nigerian female with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (Pseudotumor cerebri or benign intracranial hypertension)  

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A 14-year-old secondary school girl presented with acute onset severe generalized headache associated with vomiting and diplopia. These followed an initial fever, which responded to chloroquine. She had been on perflacine for a left knee septic arthritis until onset of her symptoms. The main findings on physical examination were mild obesity, left abducent nerve palsy, bilateral papilledema and evidence of resolving arthritis of her left knee. The results of her investigations, including a br...

2002-01-01

38

Counselling International Students in Turkish Universities: Current Status and Recommendations  

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In the present study, the current status of international students and counselling services provided at Turkish universities is addressed. Firstly, a brief history of counselling and counselling services in Turkish universities is examined, leading to a consideration of the current status of international students and counselling services.…

Bektas, Dilek Yelda

2008-01-01

39

Smoking Determinants in Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available The aim was to explore the prevalence and the correlates of smoking in a group of Turkish university students. A sample of 1,870 students (21.2 ± 2.0 years old completed the Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Smoking was highly prevalent (35.9% in this sample. Male gender (OR = 2.72, CI 2.15-3.44, and parental smoking (OR = 1.41, CI 1.13-1.78 were factors associated with increased likelihood of smoking. Higher depressive symptoms and hopelessness levels were significantly related to smoking behavior. Smoking behavior might initiate as a mild and transient habit and unfortunately could become more serious and lead to an actual dependence. The results of this study show that it is necessary to pay attention to levels of depression and hopelessness, as well as parental influence.

Unal Erkorkmaz

2009-08-01

40

Salter-Harris type II fracture of the femoral bone in a 14-year-old boy - case report  

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Summary Background: Distal femoral physis fractures with displacement are rare injuries seen in adolescents related with high incidence of complication. They may lead to premature physeal closure consequently, to growth arrest and bone deformity. Case Report: The case of a 14-year-old boy with Salter-Harris type II displaced fracture underwent surgery with open reduction has been described. CT examination with multiplanar reconstruction was used in pre-operative assessment of distal femur growth plate fracture. Conclusions: Knowledge of classification, prognosis and methods of treatment is necessary in accurate pre- and postoperative assessment of physial fractures in adolescents. CT and multiplanar reconstruction improve the understanding of patterns of injury, relative prevalence and accuracy of pre-operative planning.

Kuleta-Bosak, Elzbieta; Bozek, Pawel; Kluczewska, Ewa; Tomaszewski, Ryszard; Machnik-Broncel, Joanna

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Salter-Harris type II fracture of the femoral bone in a 14-year-old boy - case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Distal femoral physis fractures with displacement are rare injuries seen in adolescents related with high incidence of complication. They may lead to premature physeal closure consequently, to growth arrest and bone deformity. Case Report: The case of a 14-year-old boy with Salter-Harris type II displaced fracture underwent surgery with open reduction has been described. CT examination with multiplanar reconstruction was used in pre-operative assessment of distal femur growth plate fracture. Conclusions: Knowledge of classification, prognosis and methods of treatment is necessary in accurate pre- and postoperative assessment of physial fractures in adolescents. CT and multiplanar reconstruction improve the understanding of patterns of injury, relative prevalence and accuracy of pre-operative planning. (authors)

2010-01-01

42

Risk of Abnormal Eating Attitudes among Turkish Dietetic Students  

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The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of abnormal eating attitudes among Turkish dietetic students and the relations between nutrition education and eating attitudes. The study population was 568 female university students (248 dietetic students, 320 non-dietetic students). Two scales were used: Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26)…

Kiziltan, Gul; Karabudak, Efsun

2008-01-01

43

Turkish Geography Student Teachers' Concerns towards the Teaching Profession  

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The aim of this study is to determine the levels of concern of Turkish geography student teachers towards the teaching profession. The study was conducted with 293 geography student teachers who are enrolled in the last class of the Geography Student Teachers Program of the Faculties of Education and enrolled in a Non-Thesis Master's Degree…

Sezer, Adem

2010-01-01

44

Skin Picking in Turkish Students: Prevalence, Characteristics, and Gender Differences  

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The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence, characteristics, triggers, and consequences of skin picking (SP) in a sample of Turkish university students, with an emphasis on gender differences. A total of 245 students from two universities in Turkey were assessed by using the Skin Picking Inventory. In total, 87.8% of the students…

Calikusu, Celal; Kucukgoncu, Suat; Tecer, Ozlem; Bestepe, Emrem

2012-01-01

45

Huge pelvi-abdominal malignant inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with rapid recurrence in a 14-year-old boy  

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Full Text Available Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT is an uncommon benign neoplasm with locally aggressive behavior but malignant change is rare. We report an unusual case of pelvic-abdominal inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with malignant transformation in a 14-year-old boy presenting with abdominal pain and 9 kg body weight loss in one month. Computed tomography revealed a huge pelvi-abdominal mass (30 cm, possibly originating from the pelvic extraperitoneal space, protruding into the abdomen leading to upward displacement of the bowel loops, downward displacement of the urinary bladder, massive central necrosis, a well-enhanced peripheral solid component with prominent peritumoral vascularity. Subsequent examination confirmed the computed tomographic findings. Histopathologic examination revealed proliferative epitheloid and spindle cells, inflammatory cell infiltration and high mitotic counts. Immunohistochemistry was strongly positive for anaplastic lymphoma kinase and revealed a high proliferative index (ki-67 = 40%. DNA sequencing and electronic microscopy further confirmed the primitive fibroblastic cell phenotype of the tumor and a final diagnosis of inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor with malignant transformation was established. Rapid tumor recurrence was noted 20 d after radical tumor resection. To our knowledge, this is the largest documented case of IMT in a pediatric patient and the first report of IMT with malignant transformation originating from the pelvic extraperitoneal space.

Chia-Hsun Lu, Hsuan-Ying Huang, Han-Koo Chen, Jiin-Haur Chuang, Shu-Hang Ng, Sheung-Fat Ko

2010-06-01

46

Effects of 5 weeks of high-intensity interval training vs. volume training in 14-year-old soccer players.  

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High-intensity interval training (HIIT) in junior and adult soccer has been shown to improve oxygen uptake (VO?) and enhance soccer performance. The main purpose of this study was to examine the short term effects of a 5-week HIIT vs. high-volume training (HVT) program in 14-year-old soccer players regarding the effects on VO?max and 1,000-m time (T????) and on sprinting and jumping performance. In a 5-week period, 19 male soccer players with a mean (SD) age of 13.5 ± 0.4 years performed HIIT at close to ~90% of maximal heart rate. The HVT intensity was set at 60-75% of maximal heart rate. VO?max increased significantly (7.0%) from pre to post in HIIT but not after HVT. T???? decreased significantly after HIIT (~-10 vs. ~-5 seconds in HVT). Sprint performance increased significantly in both groups from pre to posttesting without any changes in jumping performance. PMID:21490513

Sperlich, Billy; De Marées, Markus; Koehler, Karsten; Linville, John; Holmberg, Hans-Christer; Mester, Joachim

2011-05-01

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Bone dysplasia with optic atrophy, vascular malformation and seizures in a 14-year-old girl - a case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The heritable skeletal dysplasias or osteochondrodysplasias are a large heterogeneous group of disorders associated with abnormal shape, growth, or integrity of bones. Osteopetrosis is a collective term for a range of sclerosing bone diseases with various degree of defective remodeling. Increased bone density is the predominant radiologic feature. The skull is often involved with basal sclerosis and the sinuses are obliterated. The most serious consequences of the osteopetroses are seen in the nervous system. Because of perturbed remodeling of the skull bones, many aspects of the brain and cranial nerve function are endangered. Cranial nerves, blood vessels and the spinal cord may be compressed by progressive occlusion of cranial foramina. Carious, misplaced teeth, dysplastic fingernails, tendency to pathologic fractures are the other clinical manifestations. The authors present a 14-year-old girl with dysmorphic features, optic atrophy, CNS vessel malformation, pathologic fractures and seizures. The girl had a wide range of clinical and radiographic symptoms of bone dysplasias together with a giant left internal carotid artery aneurysm and epilepsy. On the basis of clinical and radiological features, a disease belonging to the group of skeletal dysplasias was recognized in our patient. The configuration of the presented symptoms does not allow at the moment strict classification to hitherto determined forms of dysplasia. This leads to the necessity of extending diagnostics, especially by molecular tests, and further long-lasting observations, which perhaps would allow classification of the presented syndrome to one of the known groups, or determination of a new clinical entity. (author)

2007-01-01

48

Cerebral arterial gas embolism with delayed treatment and a fatal outcome in a 14-year-old diver.  

Science.gov (United States)

In today's recreational diving climate, diving fitness examinations are not mandatory, and even divers who go for these examinations may not have routine chest X-rays (CXR) done in the absence of respiratory symptoms or a past history of respiratory problems. We present a case of an ultimately fatal cerebral arterial gas embolism in a 14-year-old boy with an undiagnosed lung cyst, the contribution of which to his death is uncertain. Various factors such as lack of oxygen first aid at the remote dive site; poor communication; lack of diving medicine expertise, poor oxygen administration and management in a local hospital and long delay to recompression therapy contributed to the poor outcome. It is imperative that dive operators and physicians working in close proximity to popular dive sites be educated on how to recognise and treat diving emergencies and be well-acquainted, as should divers, with the contact numbers of diving medical hotlines that offer timely and appropriate advice in case of emergency. PMID:21560983

Lippmann, John; Fock, Andrew; Arulanandam, Shalini

2011-03-01

49

Comparison of participation between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers 8-14 years old in leisure activities  

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Full Text Available Background and Aim: Children's participation in leisure and recreational activities is associated with their well-being. The Purpose of this study was to compare of participation between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers 8-14 years old. Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, 30 children with cerebral palsy (mean age: 11 years  and 1 month from special education school and 30 typically developing peers (11 years  and 6 months from typical schools through convenient nonprobability sampling were selected. Participants were evaluated with the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE.The data were analyzed by spss17. Results: There were significant differences between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers (p= 0.000 in diversity scale. The intensity of participation in peer group was more than children with cerebral palsy p=0.000. No significant differences were found between the groups in the enjoyment. There were no significant main effects of gender, also significant interaction effect between group type and gender for CAPE variables. Conclusion: The participation of peer group in most activities was more than children with cerebral palsy. Physical disability can affect participation of children in everyday activities and socialization. Knowledge about participation of cerebral palsy children can help to health care professional to establish interventions that fit with children's preferences and can promote their health and participation.

Madineh Hassani

2013-05-01

50

Case report: intoxication with high dose of long-acting methylphenidate (Concerta(®)) in a suicidal 14-year-old girl.  

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A 14-year-old girl with suicidal ideation was presented to the paediatric hospital about 2 h after ingestion of 21 long-acting methylphenidate (MPH) 54-mg tablets (1,134 mg Concerta(®)). At admission signs of sympathomimetic syndrome were observed like agitation, visual hallucinations, slight hypertension, and sinus tachycardia. Treatment included prevention of absorption (30 g activated charcoal orally) and careful observation related to the overstimulation of the sympathic system. Despite the intake of charcoal, the serum concentrations of MPH were 107 and 93 ng/ml 2.5 and 22 h after ingestion of MPH tablets. No support of vital functions was necessary. The girl made a full recovery and was discharged after 3 days of care at the paediatric clinic and referred to the child and adolescent psychiatric department. Exposure to a huge overdose of long-acting MPH exhibited acute sympathomimetic toxicity but no life-threatening symptoms in this patient. Thus this case report suggests that patients intoxicated with high dose long-acting MPH formulations can recover without sequelae when managed properly. PMID:21432608

Klampfl, K; Quattländer, A; Burger, R; Pfuhlmann, B; Warnke, A; Gerlach, M

2010-12-01

51

The Comparison of the Coping Strategies with Stress between the Students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and the Students from Turkish Republic  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to compare the coping strategies with stres of the students who are from the Turkish Republic and those of the Middle Asian Turkish Republics. The population of the study consists of the students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics at Ondokuz May?s University in 2004-2005 Academic Year. This study was carried out on a total number of 437 students; 125 of them are from Middle Asian Turkish Republics and 312 from Turkish Republic. In this study, to determine the level of stres, Coping Stres Scale (CSS developed by Türküm (2002 based on the Folkman and Lazarus Models was used. According to the results of MANOVA, there is no significant difference between the Coping Strategies with stres of the students from Turkish Republics and the students from Middle Asian Turkish Republics in terms of sub-scale.

Seher BALCI ÇEL?K

2008-12-01

52

Turkish Language Teaching Students’ Attitudes towards Teaching Profession  

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Full Text Available Attitude can be described as a feature that is an indicator of individual’s point of view and feelings towards a subject and that motivates him/her to behave in a positive or negative way. The aim of the research is to analyze attitudes of the students who are studying in Turkish Language Teaching department towards teaching profession in terms of socio-demographic features. Students who are studying in Turkish Language Teaching departments of the universities in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus in 2009-2010 academic years constitute population of the study. Result of the study presented that attitudes of the students of Turkish Language Teaching departments towards teaching profession are positive in general. It is determined that attitudes of the students of Turkish Language Teaching departments towards teaching profession differentiate significantly in terms of gender, situation of being satisfied in their department, their parents’ attitudes towards them, desire to become a teacher and do not differentiate significantly in terms of grade, mother’s attitude towards them, income variables.

Hülya YE??L

2011-04-01

53

Adaptation, validity and reliability of the Leahy Emotional Schema Scale Turkish version based on Turkish university students and workers  

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Objective: Emotional schema concept is developed for determining beliefs and attributions about emotions. The aim of this study was to examine validity and reliability of the Turkish version of ?Leahy Emotional Schema Scale? (LESS). Method: The sample consisted of 436 participants including students, workers and their relatives from various faculties of two Turkish universities. Translation, back-translation and pilot assessment of LESS Turkish version completed. Socio-demographic d...

Fatih Yavuz, K.; Hakan Tu?rkc?apar, M.; Ba?ak Demirel; Emrah Karadere

2011-01-01

54

Field assessment of balance in 10 to 14 year old children, reproducibility and validity of the Nintendo Wii board  

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Background Because body proportions in childhood are different to those in adulthood, children have a relatively higher centre of mass location. This biomechanical difference and the fact that children’s movements have not yet fully matured result in different sway performances in children and adults. When assessing static balance, it is essential to use objective, sensitive tools, and these types of measurement have previously been performed in laboratory settings. However, the emergence of technologies like the Nintendo Wii Board (NWB) might allow balance assessment in field settings. As the NWB has only been validated and tested for reproducibility in adults, the purpose of this study was to examine reproducibility and validity of the NWB in a field setting, in a population of children. Methods Fifty-four 10–14 year-olds from the CHAMPS-Study DK performed four different balance tests: bilateral stance with eyes open (1), unilateral stance on dominant (2) and non-dominant leg (3) with eyes open, and bilateral stance with eyes closed (4). Three rounds of the four tests were completed with the NWB and with a force platform (AMTI). To assess reproducibility, an intra-day test-retest design was applied with a two-hour break between sessions. Results Bland-Altman plots supplemented by Minimum Detectable Change (MDC) and concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) demonstrated satisfactory reproducibility for the NWB and the AMTI (MDC: 26.3-28.2%, CCC: 0.76-0.86) using Centre Of Pressure path Length as measurement parameter. Bland-Altman plots demonstrated satisfactory concurrent validity between the NWB and the AMTI, supplemented by satisfactory CCC in all tests (CCC: 0.74-0.87). The ranges of the limits of agreement in the validity study were comparable to the limits of agreement of the reproducibility study. Conclusion Both NWB and AMTI have satisfactory reproducibility for testing static balance in a population of children. Concurrent validity of NWB compared with AMTI was satisfactory. Furthermore, the results from the concurrent validity study were comparable to the reproducibility results of the NWB and the AMTI. Thus, NWB has the potential to replace the AMTI in field settings in studies including children. Future studies are needed to examine intra-subject variability and to test the predictive validity of NWB.

2014-01-01

55

Geography Teaching Students’ Perceptions on Turkish World (An Example of Atatürk University  

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Full Text Available This study aims the determining the level of understanding and general knowledge and perceptions of Geography Teaching students on Turkish World and Turkish republics. The examples of the study were obtained from students of Atatürk University Faculty of Education, Department of Geography Teaching. A scale consisted of open ended questions in order to determine the level of knowledge and perceptions of the sample group on Turkish World and Turkish republics.According to findings, students with information about the Turkish World and Turkish republics are sufficient level. Students have pointed that Turkey can be considered as the leader of the Turkish World. They have stressed that the most important problem of the Turkish World inadequate relationships.

Mete Al?m

2009-10-01

56

THE EFFECT OF STRENGTH TRAINING ON SOME MOTOR ABILITIES IN 12-14 YEARS-OLD MALE TENNIS PLAYERS  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine effect of 8-week strength training on motor abilities of male tennis players between aged 12-14 years.The total 20 athletes which played in the Club of Ankara Tennis participated in the study, as experimental group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 years, Height:152.90±4.22 cm, Body mass:40.64±5.72 kg and control group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 y?l, Height:152.30±4.73 cm, Body mass:39.35±3.62 kg. The experimental group performed the strength training for 8 weeks in addition to tennis training. The control group performed only tennis training. The motor abilities were measured before the strength training period (pre-test and after the strength training (post-test for the experimental and control group. The results of pre-test of experimental and control group were defined as a co-variance and the difference between post-tests of variables was compared in univariate co-variance analysis. The difference between some performance variables of experimental and control groups was determined by using independent t test. The level of significance was set at p?0.05. There was no significant difference between heights of the experimental and control group and their body weights (p>0.05. There were no significant difference between results of peak power, mean power and fatique index of Wingate test performed by the experimental and control group (p>0.05. There was significant difference between the result of relative mean power of Wingate test performed by the experimental and control group (p?0.05. Although there were not found between durations of 5-m sprint, 30-m sprint, asymmetric sprint for the experimental group and control group (p>0.05, there was significant difference between those of 10-m sprint durations (p?0.05. The right and left hand grip strength of the experimental group was significantly higher than the right and left hand grip strength of the control group (p?0.01. The skinfold of the experimental group was significantly less than skinfold of the control group (p?0.01. The value of 20-m shuttle run of the experimental group was significantly higher than those of the control group (p?0.01. There was no significant difference between experimental group and control group in flexibility (p>0.05.As a result, the strength training for eight weeks improved the abilities of endurance, strength, and in some speed abilities in 12-14 year-old male tennis player, however it was observed that the strength training did not induce any changes in flexibility and anaerobic power.

Ferhat AKTA?

2011-04-01

57

An Investigation into Turkish EFL Students’ Attributions in Reading Comprehension  

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Learner attributions, perceived causes of success and failure, have received considerable attention. However, very little research has been carried out in the area of learning foreign languages. This empiricalstudy investigated Turkish EFL students’ attributions in reading. The aims of the study were (1) to investigateuniversity students’ attributions for success and failures in second language reading and (2) to examine theways in which these vary according t...

Cevdet Y?lmaz

2012-01-01

58

Approaches to learning and academic performance of Turkish university students  

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Full Text Available This paper reports findings with regard to approaches to learning of Turkish students. The term “approaches to learning” refers to the idea that learners perceive and process information in very different ways. The study is set out to (i explore and describe the approaches of learning of university students; (ii explore the relationship between approaches to learning constructs, (iii explore how the learning approaches of Turkish higher education students in combination with gender and academic discipline, year affect and academic performance; Employing a correlational research design- 44-item 1995 version of the RASI and the cumulative grade point, the study was conducted in two departments in two institutions of higher education: one humanities and one engineering. Total 160 students participated. This paper discusses firstly the findings of this study in the light of other research carried out in this area and secondly, and more importantly, in the light of its contribution towards a better understanding of the learning needs of Turkish university students.

Leyla Harputlu *

2011-12-01

59

Renal medullary AA amyloidosis, hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleated hepatocytes in a 14-year-old free-ranging lioness (Panthera leo)  

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A 14-year-old lioness, originating from Etosha in Namibia, and a member of a pride in Pilanesberg National Park since translocation in 1994, was euthanased due to fight-related vertebral fracture and spinal injury, incurred approximately 6-8 weeks previously. Blood specimens collected at the time of death showed mild anaemia and a leukogram reflecting stress and chronic infection. Necropsy conducted within 2 hours of death was on a dehydrated, emaciated animal with hindquarter wasting and chr...

Williams, J. H.; Wilpe, E.; Momberg, M.

2012-01-01

60

Shyness and cognitions: an examination of Turkish university students.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors aimed to examine the relation between shyness and dysfunctional relationship beliefs and to extend findings of previous studies to understand the role of fear of negative evaluation and self-esteem in shyness. Participants were 415 Turkish undergraduate students at Middle East Technical University. The participants completed Turkish versions of the J. M. Cheek and A. H. Buss (1981) Shyness Scale, the Interpersonal Cognitive Distortions Scale (Z. Hamamci & S. Büyükoztürk, 2004) the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (M. R. Leary, 1983), and the M. Rosenberg (1965) Self-Esteem Scale. Bivariate correlations showed that shyness had a significant positive correlation with unrealistic relationship expectations and interpersonal rejection. Fear of negative evaluation and self-esteem also had significant relations to shyness. A stepwise regression analysis indicated that fear of negative evaluation, self-esteem, and interpersonal rejection were significant predictors of shyness, and self-esteem was the best predictor. These results provided evidence of the role of distorted relationship beliefs, approval concerns, and self-evaluations in shyness for Turkish university students. The authors discuss the findings in terms of relevant literature and cultural issues. PMID:19049241

Koydemir, Selda; Demir, Ayhan

2008-11-01

 
 
 
 
61

High School and University Students' Knowledge and Attitudes regarding Biotechnology: A Turkish Experience  

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Biotechnology has a considerable importance in Turkish biology curriculum. This study was designed to explore or indicate Turkish high school and university students' knowledge and attitudes toward biotechnology. A total number of 352 high school and 276 university students were invited to the study. The Biotechnology Knowledge Questionnaire (BKQ)…

Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol; Ozel, Murat

2009-01-01

62

Predicting Turkish Ninth Grade Students' Algebra Preformance  

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Full Text Available The prediction of students’ achievement in algebra in eighth and ninth grades has become a research interest for practical issues of placement. A group of simple, easily accessible variables was used to predict student performance in algebra after completion of eighth grade. The three variables of school type, grade level, and previous year mathematics performance explained 54% of the variance in algebra performance. Furthermore, school type was the dominant predictor of performance, explaining 33% of the total variation in algebra achievement.

Ayhan Kursat Erbas

2005-01-01

63

Condom-related beliefs among Turkish university students  

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Full Text Available Young people are at a high risk of contracting HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI. However, their rate of condom use is low. The purpose of the study is to investigate health beliefs affecting condom use among Turkish university students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from June to September of 2007. Two hundred and fifty-four (254 university students were interviewed using a questionnaire. A logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with condom use. Sixteen (16 percent of the females and 67 percent of the males used condoms during their last sexual intercourse. Failure to use a condom was related to a perceived reduction in sexual satisfaction [OR = 5.46 (1.69 – 17.60] and financial limitations [OR = 2.76 (1.46 – 5.20]. These data will be useful in designing and improving HIV/STD prevention programs in Turkey.

Serap Bulduk

2013-01-01

64

Educational Problems of Turkish Students Who Are Between 15-19 Living in Germany  

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Full Text Available This study aims to determine educational problems of Turkish students who are between 15 and 19 years old living in Germany. Sample of the study consisted of 197 Turkish students at secondary education level in Lunen, North Rein Westfalen in Germany. An instrument related to Turkish students’ educational problems has been developed to collect data in the study. In this study, most of Turkish students claim their level of German reading, writing, understanding and speaking is quite high, while about one-third of them express that their German grammer levels are moderate or low. Furthermore, more than half of Turkish students indicate their teachers have positive attitudes towards them, almost two-fifth of students state that school administrators behave equally to them like other German students and two-third of them express that they benefit from school facilities equally. Moreover, three-fourth of Turkish students state they are satisfied with their schools and more than half of them think that they can find a job easily after graduation.

Soner Mehmet ÖZDEM?R

2009-04-01

65

Suicidal behavior and attitudes in Slovak and Turkish high school students: a cross-cultural investigation.  

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Suicidal behavior and its variation across social contexts are of importance for the science of suicidology. Due to its special character controlled experimental studies on suicide are ruled out for ethical reasons. Cross-cultural studies may throw light on the etiology of both suicidal behavior and its cross-cultural variation. The present study compared suicidal behavior and attitudes in 423 Slovak and 541 Turkish high school students by means of a self-report questionnaire. The two groups reported similar percentages (Slovak = 36.4%; Turkish = 33.8%) of lifetime, past 12-months or current suicidal ideation but significantly more Turkish (12.2%) than Slovak (4.8%) students reported lifetime or past 12-months suicide attempts. Slovak adolescents displayed more liberal and permissive attitudes toward suicide, while those of Turkish adolescents were more rejecting. Turkish students rated themselves to be more religious and hence they believed to a greater extent that suicidal persons would be punished in a life after death than their Slovak peers. However, attitudes of Turkish students toward an imagined suicidal close friend were more accepting than the attitudes of Slovak students. Comparison of suicidal and nonsuicidal students revealed that those reporting suicidal ideation or attempts were more accepting of suicide and viewed suicide as a solution to a greater extent than the nonsuicidal ones. The results from this study suggest that cultural factors play a role in suicidal behavior, attitudes and reactions in a predicted direction. PMID:24350593

Eskin, Mehmet; Palova, Eva; Krokavcova, Martina

2014-01-01

66

Turkish Science Student Teachers' Conceptions on the States of Matter  

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Full Text Available This study aims to determine science students teachers’ conceptions on the concepts related to ‘the matter and the states of the matter’. 112 Turkish science student teachers participated at this research. A questionnaire consisting of thirteen open-ended items was designed to collect the data. The questionnaire aimed to reveal the students’ views concerning; the features of ‘solid, liquid and gas’ states and their application in everyday life, the state of matter at room temperature and in normal conditions, the particulate structure of matter, unique properties of each particle of matter, the relationship between the force of attraction between these particles and room temperature. The results were analyzed mainly qualitatively, but also quantitatively. As an outcome of the analysis, fourteen misconceptions were determined. These misconceptions can be categorized as ‘mentioning of the state of matter without specifying the temperature and the pressure’, ‘not comprehending that liquids evaporate at any temperature’, ‘not understanding the features of the particulate structures of solid, liquid and gas substances (volume and the number of the particles’.

Abdullah Aydin

2013-04-01

67

Spinal epidural en-plaque meningioma with an unusual pattern of calcification in a 14-year-old girl: case report and review of the literature  

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A 14-year-old girl who presented with a severe sensory-motor-sphincter syndrome was found to be harboring an epidural tumor situated posteriorly in the spinal canal from C5 through C7 levels. The mass had computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging features suggesting an unusual stratified architecture, with a conspicuous highly calcific component firmly adherent to the dura and a non-calcific mass surrounding it posteriorly and laterally. Although meningiomas have a low incidence in the first two decades of life, and in the spine they rarely have entirely extradural location at any age, a meningioma was suspected. Intraoperative biopsy confirmed the tumor to be benign, and careful total resection including the whole large dural implant was carried out; the wide dural defect was grafted with fascia lata. A meningothelial meningioma with a largely calcified psammomatous component was diagnosed. The girl made a complete recovery, and is tumor-free 9 years postoperatively. Outcome from surgery for spinal meningiomas can be good, despite the severity of the preoperative condition; however, en-plaque and highly calcific tumors still bear a poorer prognosis. Complete resection is mandatory in children, in whom they are extremely rare. Modern imaging techniques help in making a correct initial diagnosis and optimizing surgery in order to provide good results, even in more-challenging cases. (orig.)

Messori, A.; Salvolini, U. [Department of Neuroradiology, Universita degli Studi di Ancona (Italy); Rychlicki, F. [Department of Neurosurgery, Universita degli Studi di Ancona (Italy)

2002-03-01

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Popliteal artery injury following traumatic knee joint dislocation in a 14-year-old boy: A case report and review of the literature  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Posterior knee joint dislocation associated with injury of the popliteal artery in children is an extremely rare condition. Rapid diagnosis and treatment are essential for limb salvage and function. Case report. We reported a 14-year-old boy who suffered traumatic displacement of the right knee and contusion of the popliteal artery during motorcycle accident. The diagnosis was confirmed using Doppler and duplex ultrasonography and digital substraction transfemoral arteriography. The urgent surgical procedure was performed using posterior approach to the popliteal artery. During the surgical exploration, rupture of the posterior cruciate ligament associated with thrombosed popliteal artery have been found. The damaged popliteal artery was resected and replaced with autologous saphenous vein graft. The last stage of the procedure was a transosseous femoral fixation of posterior circuate ligament. A 3-year-follow-up after the surgery demonstrated intact arterial perfusion and very good function of the knee with a minimal difference as compared with the contralateral knee. Conclusion. Combined orthopedic and vascular injuries are very rare in children. They require combined treatment. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175008

Cvetkovi? Slobodan

2014-01-01

69

Factors Affecting the Motivation of Turkish Primary Students for Science Learning  

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In this study, Turkish primary students' (sixth to eighth grade) motivation toward science learning was investigated and factors affecting this determined. The sample for the study consisted of 376 students from 5 different primary schools in Izmir. The data were collected through a Students' Motivation toward Science Learning (SMTSL)…

Cavas, Pinar

2011-01-01

70

Renal medullary AA amyloidosis, hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleated hepatocytes in a 14-year-old free-ranging lioness (Panthera leo  

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Full Text Available A 14-year-old lioness, originating from Etosha in Namibia, and a member of a pride in Pilanesberg National Park since translocation in 1994, was euthanased due to fight-related vertebral fracture and spinal injury, incurred approximately 6-8 weeks previously. Blood specimens collected at the time of death showed mild anaemia and a leukogram reflecting stress and chronic infection. Necropsy conducted within 2 hours of death was on a dehydrated, emaciated animal with hindquarter wasting and chronic traumatic friction injuries from dragging her hindlegs. There was cellulitis in the region of bite-wounds adjacent to the thoraco-lumbar vertebral fracture, at which site there was spinal cord compression, and there was marked intestinal helminthiasis. The outer renal medullae appeared pale and waxy and the liver was macroscopically unremarkable. Histopathology and electron microscopy of the kidneys revealed multifocal to coalescing deposits of proximal medullary interstitial amyloid, which fluoresced strongly with thioflavine T, and was sensitive to potassium permanganate treatment prior to Congo Red staining, thus indicating inflammatory (AA origin. There was diffuse hepatocyte dissociation, as well as numerous binucleated and scattered multinucleated (up to 8 nuclei/cell hepatocytes, with swollen hepatocyte mitochondria, in liver examined light microscopically. Ultrastructurally, the mono-, bi- and multinucleated hepatocytes contained multifocal irregular membrane-bound accumulations of finely-granular, amorphous material both intra-cytoplasmically and intra-nuclearly, as well as evidence of irreversible mitochondrial injury. The incidence and relevance in cats and other species of amyloidosis, particularly with renal medullary distribution, as well as of hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleation, as reported in selected literature, is briefly overviewed and their occurrence in this lioness is discussed.

M. Momberg

2012-06-01

71

Renal medullary AA amyloidosis, hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleated hepatocytes in a 14-year-old free-ranging lioness (Panthera leo).  

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A 14-year-old lioness, originating from Etosha in Namibia, and a member of a pride in Pilanesberg National Park since translocation in 1994, was euthanased due to fight-related vertebral fracture and spinal injury, incurred approximately 6-8 weeks previously. Blood specimens collected at the time of death showed mild anaemia and a leukogram reflecting stress and chronic infection. Necropsy conducted within 2 hours of death was on a dehydrated, emaciated animal with hindquarter wasting and chronic traumatic friction injuries from dragging her hindlegs. There was cellulitis in the region of bite-wounds adjacent to the thoraco-lumbar vertebral fracture, at which site there was spinal cord compression, and there was marked intestinal helminthiasis. The outer renal medullae appeared pale and waxy and the liver was macroscopically unremarkable. Histopathology and electron microscopy of the kidneys revealed multifocal to coalescing deposits of proximal medullary interstitial amyloid, which fluoresced strongly with thioflavine T, and was sensitive to potassium permanganate treatment prior to Congo Red staining, thus indicating inflammatory (AA) origin. There was diffuse hepatocyte dissociation, as well as numerous binucleated and scattered multinucleated (up to 8 nuclei/cell) hepatocytes, with swollen hepatocyte mitochondria, in liver examined light microscopically. Ultrastructurally, the mono-, bi- and multinucleated hepatocytes contained multifocal irregular membrane-bound accumulations of finely-granular, amorphous material both intra-cytoplasmically and intra-nuclearly, as well as evidence of irreversible mitochondrial injury. The incidence and relevance in cats and other species of amyloidosis, particularly with renal medullary distribution, as well as of hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleation, as reported in selected literature, is briefly overviewed and their occurrence in this lioness is discussed. PMID:16108528

Williams, J H; Van Wilpe, E; Momberg, M

2005-06-01

72

Effect of sugars in solutions on subjective appetite and short-term food intake in 9- to 14-year-old normal weight boys.  

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Background and Objective:The role of sugars in solutions on subjective appetite and food intake (FI) has received little investigation in children. Therefore, we examined the effect of isocaloric solutions (200?kcal/250?ml) of sugars including sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup-55 (HFCS) or glucose, compared with a non-caloric sucralose control, on subjective appetite and FI in 9- to 14-year-old normal weight (NW) boys.Participants and Methods:NW boys (n=15) received each of the test solutions, in random order, 60?min before an ad libitum pizza meal. Subjective appetite was measured at baseline (0?min), and 15, 30, 45 and 60?min.Results:Only glucose (P=0.003), but neither sucrose nor HFCS, reduced FI compared with the sucralose control. This led to a higher cumulative energy intake, compared with sucralose, after sucrose (P=0.009) and HFCS (P=0.01), but not after glucose. In all treatment sessions, subjective average appetite increased from baseline to 60?min, but change from baseline average appetite was the highest after sucrose (P<0.005). Furthermore, sucrose (r=-0.59, P=0.02) and HFCS (r=-0.56, P=0.03), but not glucose, were inversely associated with test meal FI when the treatment dose (200?kcal) was expressed on a body weight (kg) basis.Conclusions:Change from baseline subjective average appetite was the highest after sucrose, but only the glucose solution suppressed FI at the test meal 60?min later in NW boys. PMID:24667751

Van Engelen, M; Khodabandeh, S; Akhavan, T; Agarwal, J; Gladanac, B; Bellissimo, N

2014-07-01

73

Exploring academic procrastination among Turkish students: possible gender differences in prevalence and reasons.  

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The authors examined the prevalence of and reasons, or excuses, for academic procrastination as a function of gender and academic grade level. In Study 1, a factor analysis of responses by 203 Turkish undergraduate students to an academic procrastination measure provided evidence of reliability and validity for the revised scale. In Study 2,784 students (363 women, 421 men; M age = 20.6 years, SD age = 1.74 years) completed the validated Turkish Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students. The results were that 52% of students self-reported frequent academic procrastination, with male students reporting more frequent procrastination on academic tasks than female students. Significantly more female students than male students reported greater academic procrastination because of fear of failure and laziness; male students reported more academic procrastination as a result of risk taking and rebellion against control than did female students. PMID:19425360

Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Ferrari, Joseph R

2009-04-01

74

The relationship between body composition and physical fitness in 14 year old adolescents residing within the Tlokwe local municipality, South Africa: The PAHL study  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the relationship between body composition and physical fitness in 14?year-old high school adolescents of South Africa. Baseline data from a longitudinal study on physical activity and health (PAHLS may provide valuable information for future studies, hence to inform public health policy makers. The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence of underweight, normal weight and overweight among adolescents aged 14?years in the Tlokwe Local Municipality of the North West Province of South Africa, and to assess the association between physical fitness and body composition separately for boys and girls, adjusted for race and locality. Methods Body weight, height and triceps, and subscapular skinfolds of 256 adolescents (100 boys and 156 girls aged 14?years were measured, and percentage body fat and body mass index (BMI were calculated. BMI was used to determine underweight, normal weight and overweight based on the standard criterion. Physical fitness was assessed by standing broad jump, bent arm hang and sit-ups according to the EUROFIT fitness standard procedures. Multinomial logistic regression analyses stratified for gender and adjusted for race (black or white, and the locality (urban or township of the schools were used to analyze the data. Results In the total group 35.9% were underweight and 13.7% overweight. Boys were more underweight (44% than girls (30.7%. The prevalence of overweight was 8% in boys and 17.3% in girls. BMI was strongly (p?=?0.01 related with percentage body fat. Strong and significant positive associations between physical fitness and BMI for the underweight girls with high physical fitness scores (OR, 10.69 [95%CI: 2.81-40.73], and overweight girls with high physical fitness scores (OR, 0.11 [95%CI: 0.03-0.50] were found. Non-significant weaker positive relationship between physical fitness and BMI for the underweight boys with high physical fitness scores (OR, 1.80 [95%CI: 0.63-5.09], and the overweight boys with high physical fitness scores (OR, 0.18 [95%CI: 0.02-1.78] were found. Conclusion Both underweight and overweight among boys and girls in Tlokwe Local Municipality exist, and their effects on physical fitness performances were also noticed. As such, strategic physical activity, interventions or follow-up studies recognizing this relationship particularly in the overweight adolescents are needed. In addition, authorities in health and education departments dealing with adolescents should make use of this evidence base information in policies development.

Monyeki Makama

2012-05-01

75

The Assessment of the Perception of the Academic Self Efficacy of Turkish Education Graduate Students  

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The purpose of this research is to determine the perception of the academic self efficacy of Turkish Education graduate students. This study applied qualitative research approach and interview method. Master's students of Erciyes University, Institute of Education Science were chosen as a sample for the purpose, using clustering method. In…

Gocer, Ali

2013-01-01

76

Relationships of Homework Motivation and Preferences to Homework Achievement and Attitudes in Turkish Students  

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Whether students' motivation, organizational approaches, physical needs, and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process predict homework achievement and attitudes toward homework was examined in 1,776 Turkish students in Grades 5 through 8. The Homework Motivation and Preference Questionnaire was utilized to assess…

Iflazoglu, Ayten; Hong, Eunsook

2012-01-01

77

Turkish college students' attitudes toward women managers: the effects of patriarchy, sexism, and gender differences.  

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The authors examined how patriarchy, sexism, and gender influence Turkish college students' attitudes toward women managers. Turkish undergraduate students (N = 183) from Middle East Technical University completed questionnaires measuring attitudes toward women managers as well as attitudes toward the concepts of hostile and benevolent sexism and support for patriarchy. Participants were of upper- or middle-class Turkish backgrounds. The results showed that male participants exhibited less positive attitudes toward women managers than did female participants. In addition, participants who held more favorable attitudes toward patriarchy and who scored high on hostile sexism also held less positive attitudes toward women managers than those who held less favorable attitudes toward patriarchy and who scored low on hostile sexism. A regression analysis showed that support for patriarchy and hostile sexism was more important for explaining less favorable attitudes toward women managers than was benevolent sexism. PMID:12523452

Sakalli-Ugurlu, Nuray; Beydogan, Basak

2002-11-01

78

Attitudes Towards Euthanasia among University Students: A Sample Based on Turkish Population  

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In Turkey, euthanasia has not become a subject of public debate and concern. This study gives the results of Turkish university students on attitudes to euthanasia. The main aims of the study were: to assess the impact of type of education on attitudes towards euthanasia and to determine the influence of socio-demographics on attitudes of the students towards euthanasia. In total, 878 volunteered undergraduate registered students with the mean age of 21.13±1.92 year from six universities wer...

Ummuhan Bas Aslan; Ugur Cavlak

2007-01-01

79

Validity and Reliability of the Revised Physical Anhedonia Scale-Turkish Version in University Students  

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Full Text Available Objective: Rado and Meehl proposed anhedonia as a main symptom and as a basis of other symptoms of schizotypy and schizophrenia. However, anhedonia was accepted as an important and standard symptom of schizophrenia after being classified as negative symptom by Andreassen. Chapman examined anhedonia as social and physical, and in 1976, has`developed the Physical Anhedonia Scale (PAS; it has been frequently used in the research projects. This study aims to explore the validity and reliability of the PAS-Turkish version in university students. Methods: PAS was translated into Turkish and some items were culturally adapted. The Turkish version was applied to university students twice with a three-week interval. Results: Regarding the internal consistency of the scale, the a values were: 0.84 for the whole sample, 0,85 for males and 0.82 for females. Eleven items with low item-rest correlations were excluded from the Turkish version. The test-retest reliability was 0,60. Discussion: The internal consistency and test-retest reliability values were acceptable. The Turkish version of PAS is eligible to be used in schizotypy research and to test different hypothesis related to physical anhedonia. However, it must be noted that the concept of physical anhedonia is considerably influenced by culture. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2009; 46 Supplement: 43-8

Bora BASKAK

2009-12-01

80

The Consequences of Internet Cafe use on Turkish College Students' Social Capital  

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This paper draws on a part of the doctoral research study that investigates the potential impacts of Internet cafe use on Turkish college students' social capital. In this study, Internet cafe usage was portrayed by the amount of time spent and the frequency of online activities engaged at the cafes. Social capital, on the other hand, was…

Koc, Mustafa; Ferneding, Karen Ann

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Problematic Internet Use among Turkish University Students: A Multidimensional Investigation Based on Demographics and Internet Activities  

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This study investigated the Turkish undergraduate university students' problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.). Moreover, the study explored some predictors of…

Tekinarslan, Erkan; Gurer, Melih Derya

2011-01-01

82

Slovakian and Turkish Students' Fear, Disgust and Perceived Danger of Invertebrates  

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Human perceives invertebrates less positively than vertebrates because they are small and behaviourally and morphologically unfamiliar. This cross-cultural research focused on Slovakian (n=150) and Turkish (n=164) students' fear, disgust and perceived danger regarding 25 invertebrates [including 5 disease relevant adult insects, 5 ectoparasites, 5…

Prokop, Pavol; Usak, Muhammet; Erdogan, Mehmet; Fancovicova, Jana; Bahar, Mehmet

2011-01-01

83

Turkish University Students' Motivation to Learn English: Integration into International Community  

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This article explores Turkish university students' motivation and orientations toward learning English in a globalizing world. The study utilizes questionnaire responses and a focus group interview. Factor analysis of questionnaire data revealed three independent orientations, namely, "Integration into International Community," "Integration into…

Bektas-Cetinkaya, Yesim

2012-01-01

84

Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students  

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In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

Civitci, Asim

2010-01-01

85

The Characteristics of Separation-Individuation in Turkish High School Students  

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The aim of the present study was to examine the characteristics of separation-individuation in Turkish high school students and to investigate the contribution of sociodemographic variables on this second individuation process of adolescence. The sample consisted of 618 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18 in three urban and two rural high…

Tamar, Muge; Bildik, Tezan; Kosem, Figen Sen; Kesikci, Hande; Tatar, Arkun; Yaman, Bora; Erermis, Serpil; Ozbaran, Burcu

2006-01-01

86

Teachers’ and Students’ Opinions about the Interactive Instructional Environment Designed for Bilingual Turkish Primary School Students in Norway  

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Full Text Available Within the context of multicultural education process, bilingual students face the risk of failure due to the problems they experience while using their mother language. One of the groups that have similar problems is Turkish students in Norway; these students also have many problems in learning and using their mother language, Turkish. Some of these problems can be listed as being incompetent in comprehension and self-expression, having limited vocabulary size, inadequate source for language learning and having few class hours for Turkish learning (Belet, 2009. As one of the alternative solution for all these, designing an interactive learning media can be suggested. In this context, the present study contains two phases as designing process of interactive media for the bilingual students’ use of mother language and then revealing teachers and students’ opinions about the design process and designed interactive media. Before the design process of interactive learning media, a need assessment study on the basis of the teachers’ opinions about the problems that the students experience in Turkish learning, their expectations and characteristics was conducted. The data of the research, which was projected, based on the qualitative research method, were collected in the form of survey with open ended questions on need assessment study and design evaluation process, the findings obtained were analyzed and interpreted based on the descriptive analyses method. The results of need assessment indicated that Turkish primary education students in Norway were active in technology use but incompetent in comprehension and self-expression in Turkish, besides they did not have enough vocabulary knowledge. Furthermore, it was obtained that they did not have enough sources for language learning and use, thus they expected to use various learning CDs as alternative solution for these problems. According to the results of needs assessment study, some criteria for the design process were determined and then the interactive Turkish learning media was designed. At the second phase of the study, the teachers and students’ opinions about the deigned interactive media were examined. Consequently, it was observed that both the teachers and students generally had positive opinions about interactive learning environment.

Suzan Duygu Eri?ti

2010-07-01

87

Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale in University Students  

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Objective: Perceptual aberration is an important dimension of schizotypy which has been considered as a clinical determinant of psychosis proneness. The present study aimed to explore the validity and the reliability of the Turkish version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale. Methods: Internal consistency of the Perceptual Aberration Scale was studied in 222 university students and for test-retest reliability, the scale was readministered to 105 students. Convergent validity of the scale was m...

2009-01-01

88

A comparative study on family environment, self-concept and school performances of Turkish, German and foreign students living in Germany  

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There are 1.998.534 Turkish people living in Germany (Beauftragte der Bundesregierung für Ausländerfrage, 2002). According to Educational Department of Turkish Embassy in Berlin (2001), it is indicated that 517 552 Turkish students are attending to preschools, elementary schools, special education schools, and vocational schools. The most common problems of Turkish children, living as an immigrant, are feeling of insecurity, shyness, sociability, need for affection and feeling of lonelines...

Somcelik-ko?ksal, Aysegu?l

2008-01-01

89

Investigating Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease Based on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome phenotypes in the 18-14 year Old High School Girls in Shiraz 2009  

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Introduction: In patients with polycystic ovary syndrome hyperinsulinaemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia may represent an increased risk for coronary cardiovascular disease .This study aimed to investigate risk factors for cardiovascular disease based on polycystic ovary syndrome phenotypes in Shiraz. Methods: This Cross-sectional study was performed on 3200 students aged 18-14. Demographic survey, clinical signs of androgen excess (acne, hirsutism, alopecia), Ultrasound...

2012-01-01

90

The prevalence and effects of Pectus Excavatum and Pectus Carinatum on the respiratory function in children between 7-14 years old.  

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The study involved 1342 primary school students aged 7-14 years who applied to Ankara, a primary care center for general health check-up between 2006 and 2007. Forty-three students, 35 of whom had PE and 8 of whom had PC, were subjected to thorax measurement. All 43 students underwent pulmonary function tests (PFT).The prevalence rate of PC was 0.6%, and of PE, 2.6%. The thorax widths of the groups were similar (P?=?0.273). The thorax circumference and depth of PE group were lower than those of the controls (P?

Coskun, Zafer Kutay; Turgut, Hasan Basri; Demirsoy, Sadik; Cansu, Ali

2010-09-01

91

TURKISH STUDENTS’ UNDERSTANDING OF TRANSPARENT AND OPAQUE IDIOMS IN ENGLISH IN READING AS WELL AS IN SPEAKING  

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Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the understanding of transparent and opaque English idiomatic expressions of Turkish students. In order to carry out the study, randomly selected 35 intermediate and 36 advanced level students in the Department of English Language and Literature at Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey, were given a 40-item containing Turkish version of idiomatic expressions and a 40-item containing English version of different idiomatic expressions. The students were wanted to write the equivalences in English and Turkish. According to the result of the study, Turkish students can understand transparent and common opaque idioms more easily. However, if the idioms are both opaque and uncommon, they cannot get their meanings if they haven’t learned them directly. The result of the study has indicated that there is no significant difference between intermediate and advanced students in understanding transparent, opaque/common and opaque/uncommon idioms, however, a significant difference has been observed between the subjects to transparent, opaque/common and opaque/uncommon idioms in both for the answers from Turkish to English and English to Turkish (p<0,001. The highest scores are those for the transparent idioms which are followed by opaque/common and opaque/uncommon, respectively.

Gencer ELKILIÇ

2008-10-01

92

A Case Study of a Turkish Dyslexic Student Learning English as a Foreign Language  

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Full Text Available The present case study first describes the difficulties a Turkish dyslexic learner faces in learning English as a foreign language. It then explores the effects of positive teacher support and some motivational strategies on this specific student’s learning process. Data were collected through observation, interviews and analysis of documents including student work, assignment sheets and exam papers over a period of six weeks. The results indicate that the participant benefited greatly from positive teacher support and special teaching techniques and methods employed. Implications are included for practices

Esra Erkan

2012-12-01

93

Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university  

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Abstract Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM) supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osm...

Ayranci Unal; Son Nazan; Son Osman

2005-01-01

94

Turkish Primary Students' Conceptions about the Particulate Nature of Matter  

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This study was conducted to determine 4th, 5th, and 6th grade primary students' conceptions about the particulate nature of matter in daily-life events. Five questions were asked of students and interviews were used to collect data. The interviews were conducted with 12 students, four students from each grade, after they finished the formal…

Ozmen, Haluk

2011-01-01

95

Problematic internet use among Turkish university students: A multidimensional investigation based on demographics and internet activities  

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Full Text Available This study investigates the Turkish undergraduate university students’ problematic Internet use (PIU levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day, and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc..Moreover, the study explored some predictors of PIU on different dimensions among the Turkish undergraduate students (N=610. The results indicate that the female students (N=358 had significantly lower PIU levels on all dimensions (i.e., social comfort, loneliness/depression, diminished impulse control and distraction than those of the males (N=252. Furthermore, the results reveal that the students who use the Internet for entertainment (e.g., game chat and social networking purposes have significantly higher PIU levels on all dimensions than the students who do not use the Internet for such purposes. However, the students who use the Internet for educational purposes have a significantly lower PIU level on distraction dimension, and the students who use the Internet for information searching demonstrate a significantly lower PIU level on the dimension of diminished impulse control. Moreover, multiple regression analyses reveal that Internet activities such as chat, entertainment and social networking are significant predictors of the all dimensions of PIU.

Melih Derya Gürer

2011-03-01

96

Turkish nursing students’ perceptions and experiences of bullying behavior in nursing education  

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Full Text Available Objective: This descriptive study aimed to determine the bullying and harassment experiences of nursing students’ in various Nursing Schools in Turkey.  The types and frequency of bullying behaviors, the sources of bullying behaviors, and students’ emotions towards these experiences were investigated. Methods: Study participants were 370 undergraduate nursing students from four different Turkish Nursing Schools.  To estimate bullying at nursing school I used a short version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire that adapted according to the earlier studies on bullying against nursing students particularly those conducted by Cooper et al. and Celik and Bayraktar. Results: A total of 222 respondents (60% reported that they had experienced at least one of the thirteen bullying behaviors at daily and weekly frequencies during the last six months. Work related bullying was the most frequently encountered type of bullying behaviors which is followed by personal related bullying behaviors. Also, an interesting result from this study is that most students reported clinic nurses as their bully, indicating that the perpetrators were mostly females and older than them. Conclusions: This study supports previous reports of bullying against Turkish student nurses and adds to the scant body of literature showing that nursing students often experience bullying and harassment from clinical nurses (horizontal bullying, and importantly, this may influence their future employment choices.

Serap Palaz

2013-01-01

97

Attitudes Towards Euthanasia among University Students: A Sample Based on Turkish Population  

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Full Text Available In Turkey, euthanasia has not become a subject of public debate and concern. This study gives the results of Turkish university students on attitudes to euthanasia. The main aims of the study were: to assess the impact of type of education on attitudes towards euthanasia and to determine the influence of socio-demographics on attitudes of the students towards euthanasia. In total, 878 volunteered undergraduate registered students with the mean age of 21.13±1.92 year from six universities were surveyed. Attitudes of the students towards euthanasia were determined using by a self-completed questionnaire. Response rate was 92.2%. The students were divided into two groups according to education program as follows: Health Science students (HS and Liberal Arts and Business students (LAB.Two students major groups-Health Science (n = 421 and Liberal Arts and Business (n = 457, were compared. 48.4% of the students were positive to euthanasia. The socio-demographic factors, including mother`s education level, family`s socio-economic background, religious belief and religiosity were seen to be influenced on attitudes towards euthanasia among the overall students. No significant difference regarding the acceptance of euthanasia between the Health Science majors and the Liberal Arts and Business majors. Mainly, 40% of the Muslim students are opposed to euthanasia, whereas 86.7% of the atheist students are the most in favour of euthanasia. The religion was selected as the most important reason for being negative to euthanasia. The results showed that resistance to euthanasia is apparently associated with demographics and non-scientific reasoning among Turkish undergraduate students

Ummuhan Bas Aslan

2007-01-01

98

Investigating Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease Based on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome phenotypes in the 18-14 year Old High School Girls in Shiraz 2009  

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Full Text Available Introduction: In patients with polycystic ovary syndrome hyperinsulinaemia, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia may represent an increased risk for coronary cardiovascular disease .This study aimed to investigate risk factors for cardiovascular disease based on polycystic ovary syndrome phenotypes in Shiraz. Methods: This Cross-sectional study was performed on 3200 students aged 18-14. Demographic survey, clinical signs of androgen excess (acne, hirsutism, alopecia, Ultrasound were applied in order to find the cyst. Tests included prolactin, dehydroepiandrodion sulfate, and oral glucose tolerance test, fasting blood glucose, blood sugar two hours later, triglycerides, cholesterol, high density lipoprotein. Data were submitted to SPSS software, version 11.5 and then analyzed by chi-square tests. Results: The serum cholesterol mean in four phenotypes had a statistically significant relationship with non-PCOS patients(p<0.05. Mean of serum cholesterol in oligomenorrhea, Hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary phenotype (195.09±30.28 was higher than the other phenotypes. Mean of serum cholesterol and low density lipoprotein(LDL-C were significantly higher in patients with Hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovarian phenotype(130.046±26.27 and oligomenorrhea, Hyperandrogenism and polycystic ovary syndrome phenotype(138.58±28.34 compared with non-infected individuals. Serum glucose mean in all phenotype was higher than non-infected after two hours and it showed a significant relation in oligomenorrhea and also polycystic ovarian phenotype(98.03 ± 20.98 versus 87.5±12.97 with non-infected individuals. Conclusion: Biochemical factors that lead to increased risk of cardiovascular diseases is increased in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. Therefore, it should be attended in prevention programs

MH Dabbaghmaneh

2012-05-01

99

Prevalence of Symptoms of Asthma, Allergic Rhinitis and Eczema in 6-7 and 13-14 years old Ahvazian School children  

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Full Text Available Background and Objective: The prevalence rates of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema which are common disorders of children vary widely in different areas. The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence and severity of allergic disorders among Ahvazian children by ISAAC protocol in 2006-7. Subjects and Methods: The descriptive study was conducted on primary (6-7 years and guidance (13-14 years schoolchildren who were randomly selected among Ahvaz schools by cluster sampling method. Data were collected using phase I standardized International study of asthma and Allergy in child hoos (ISAAC questionnaire which was completed by schoolchildren itself or by the parent of each child. Data were analyzed by SPSS-15 and using Chi-square test. Results: The prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema were 14.1%, 18.2% and 8.4% respectively. Sex difference was not significant, while by educational level guidance students showed significant higher prevalence for asthma and allergies (11.8% vs 16.4% P<0.01. The Prevalence of “physician diagnosed” asthma, allergic rhinitis and eczema" were 8.4%, 12.3% and 5.7% respectively; guidance school children in compare to elementary school children showed higher rate in the each 3 conditions (P<0.01. Conclusion: Allergic disorders are common in Ahvaz and its prevalence is similar to those reported from other parts of Iran. The prevalence of physician diagnosed asthma was higher than that reported from other regions of Iran, but lower than those obtained from neighboring Arab countries. Sci Med J 2011; 9(6:593-603

Shakournia A

2011-01-01

100

Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools  

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Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male) attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire...

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Prevalence of depression among Turkish University Students and related factors  

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Objective: This investigation was performed to determine the prevalence rate of depression and its correlates in students at Erciyes University. Method: A total of 1003 university students at the Medical, Theology and Engineering Faculties of Erciyes University in Kayseri, Turkey were included in the study. A socio–demographic questionnaire and a Beck Depression Inventory were completed by the students. An unpaired t test, a one way ANOVA test and a logi...

Osman Gunay; Fatma Akpinar; Serpil Poyrazoglu; Haci Aslaner

2011-01-01

102

TURKISH HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ CONSIDERATIONS, EXPECTATIONS AND AWARENESS ON DISTANCE EDUCATION  

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Full Text Available Quality of distance education has been improving by technological developments, experiences of educators or experts and feedbacks of learners. In order to improve the quality issues in distance education, considerations of target audiences are gaining importance to understand their considerations that might be clue for developers. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive study was to investigate Turkish high school students’ considerations, expectations and awareness concerning distance education, especially e-learning, and its implementations. Totally, 1224 students studying 8 different high schools from 6 cities in 4 different regions in Turkey participated to the study. Majority of the students were from computer department at Vocational High Schools. We attempted to collect data representatively in order to draw a framework about the research questions for Turkish case. Results of the study showed that students identified distance education with e-learning. Also, although students had technological competencies which are critical factors for e-learning applications, they did not prefer taking their university education with distance education program because of their habits on traditional nature of classrooms. However, they had huge tendency in terms of taking one of their courses via Internet.

Kursat CAGILTAY

2008-10-01

103

Gender, Gender Roles Affecting Mate Preferences in Turkish College Students  

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The subject of this study is gender and gender roles affecting mate preferences. The sample of the study consists of 300 undergraduates and master students. To identify students' gender roles the Sex Role Evaluation Inventory (Bem, 1974) is used. The Question List (Bacanli 2001; Buss et. al., 1990) is applied to the sample group to determine the…

Gazioglu, A. Esra Ismen

2008-01-01

104

Smoking at School: Views of Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available The recent interest in cigarette smoking among university students has brought attention to problems concerning opinions, attitudes, prevention, health education, policy formulation and implementation. This survey research tested five hypotheses on the views of college students about smoking in school hallways and cafeteria, compliance with anti smoking laws, considering cigarette smoking as an expression of freedom of choice, teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices, and school administration’s policy on enforcing the law. Hypothesized differences between students’ views on the issues according to gender, smoking status and years at school were investigated. Data were obtained from 3,659 students attending six universities in Ankara, Turkey. The study findings provided support for all the hypothesized differences (except a single issue. Males and females differed significantly on all the issues studied. The majority of nonsmoking students have anti-smoking views in regards of the studied issues as compared to regular and occasional smokers. Smokers and nonsmokers markedly disagree on banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria and hallways. However, the majority of students are against teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices with the doors open. Although most students want a smoke free environment, there is no active-anti smoking policy on smoking by universities. Findings point out the need for campus-wide effective smoking prevention programs, as well as cessation programs and services for the students.

Nazmiye Erdogan

2008-12-01

105

The Effect of Turkish Students' Motivational Beliefs on Their Metacognitive Self-Regulation in Physics  

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It is emphasized in several studies that both domain specific factors and cultural values and beliefs could have an effect on students' metacognitive self-regulation and motivational beliefs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of motivational beliefs on Turkish students' metacognitive self-regulation in physics courses.…

Gurcay, Deniz; Balta, Ebru

2013-01-01

106

Smoking at School: Views of Turkish University Students  

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The recent interest in cigarette smoking among university students has brought attention to problems concerning opinions, attitudes, prevention, health education, policy formulation and implementation. This survey research tested five hypotheses on the views of college students about smoking in school hallways and cafeteria, compliance with anti smoking laws, considering cigarette smoking as an expression of freedom of choice, teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices, and school...

Erdogan, Nazmiye; Erdogan, Irfan

2009-01-01

107

Smoking at School: Views of Turkish University Students  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The recent interest in cigarette smoking among university students has brought attention to problems concerning opinions, attitudes, prevention, health education, policy formulation and implementation. This survey research tested five hypotheses on the views of college students about smoking in school hallways and cafeteria, compliance with anti smoking laws, considering cigarette smoking as an expression of freedom of choice, teachers’ smoking in classrooms and in their offices,...

Nazmiye Erdogan; Irfan Erdogan

2008-01-01

108

Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male) attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire. Results of the study showed that nonsmoking students reported the most favorable opinions toward the issues questioned, whereas occasional smokers and regular smokers reported the least favorable opinions. The highest level of disagreement by smokers and nonsmokers was provided for banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria. Students generally agreed on that teachers should not smoke in the classrooms and in their offices with doors open. Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies embracing indoors and outdoors and identification and use of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation programs and services.

Keloglu-Isler, Esra; Erdogan, Irfan

109

Opinions of Turkish University Students on Cigarette Smoking at Schools  

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Full Text Available Cigarette smoking among college students is a critical public health problem with serious personal and social consequences. This study examined college student opinions about smoking in the student cafeteria, hallways and offices, considering smoking as freedom of choice, complying with the cigarette law and policy of universities on smoking. A sample of 1527 students (53.9% female, 46.1% male attending to the six prestigious universities in Ankara, Turkey, completed a ten-item questionnaire. Results of the study showed that nonsmoking students reported the most favorable opinions toward the issues questioned, whereas occasional smokers and regular smokers reported the least favorable opinions. The highest level of disagreement by smokers and nonsmokers was provided for banning cigarette smoking in the cafeteria. Students generally agreed on that teachers should not smoke in the classrooms and in their offices with doors open. Recommended actions include campus-wide no-smoking policies embracing indoors and outdoors and identification and use of new ways of providing smoking prevention and cessation programs and services.

Esra Keloglu-Isler

2007-01-01

110

Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale in University Students  

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Full Text Available Objective: Perceptual aberration is an important dimension of schizotypy which has been considered as a clinical determinant of psychosis proneness. The present study aimed to explore the validity and the reliability of the Turkish version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale. Methods: Internal consistency of the Perceptual Aberration Scale was studied in 222 university students and for test-retest reliability, the scale was readministered to 105 students. Convergent validity of the scale was measured by the Magical Ideation Scale in 128 students.Results: The internal consistency of the scale was Cronbach’s alpha=0.90 and the test-retest reliability was r=0.59. The convergent validity of the scale was established by a significant correlation between the scores of the Magical Ideation Scale and the Perceptual Aberration Scale.Discussion: The Turkish version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale is a reliable instrument, which can be used to quantify the important dimension of schizotypy in university students. The scale should be validated in community-based samples and also the predictive validity of the scale should be investigated. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2009; 46 Supplement: 49-53

Erguvan Tu?ba ÖZEL KIZIL

2009-12-01

111

Predicting the Turkish secondary school students’ perfectionism from their parents’ perfectionism*  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to predict Turkish secondary school students’ perfectionism from their parents’ perfectionism. In this scope the study was performed with 408 parents (209 mother, 199 father and 591 (439 female, 152 male students. FMPS, adapted into Turkish by Özbay and M?s?rl?-Ta?demir, was used. Multiple Regression Analysis was utilized in data analyzing. According to the analyses; it can be seen that there is a meaningful effect while predicting the scores of female students in Organization, Doubts About Actions, Parental Expectations and Parental Criticisms subscales of FMPS; scores of parents and mothers on its own. It can be seen that there is a meaningful effect while predicting the male students’ scores only in Parental Expectation subscale; scores of parents and mothers on its own. These results show that parents’ perfectionism can affect their children’s perfectionism. It can be shared with families in educational seminars. By this way, parents can realize that these characteristics of them reflect over their children.

Fatih Camadan

2011-12-01

112

Heart Transplantation in a 14-Year-Old Boy in the Presence of Severe Out-of-Proportion Pulmonary Hypertension due to Restrictive Left Heart Disease: A Case Report  

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A 14-year-old boy after balloon valvuloplasty of severe aortic valve stenosis in the neonatal period was referred for heart-lung transplantation because of high grade pulmonary hypertension and left heart dysfunction due to endocardial fibroelastosis with severe mitral insufficiency. After heart catheterization, hemodynamic parameters were invasively monitored: a course of levosimendan and initiation of diuretics led to a decrease of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (from maximum 35 to 24?mmHg). Instead of an expected decrease, mean pulmonary artery pressures (mPAP) increased up to 80?mmHg with increasing transpulmonary pressure gradient (TPG) up to 55?mmHg. Oral bosentan and intravenous epoprostenol then led to a ~50% decrease of mPAP (TPG between 16 and 22?mmHg). The boy was listed solely for heart transplantation which was successfully accomplished 1 month later.

Schwienbacher, Martin; Schweigmann, Ulrich; Neu, Nikolaus; Schermer, Elisabeth; Velik-Salchner, Corinna; Michel-Behnke, Ina; Irnberger, Erentraud; Steger, Christina Maria; Stein, Jorg Ingolf; Geiger, Ralf

2013-01-01

113

DESEMPEÑO COGNITIVO EN PRUEBAS DE LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE 6 A 14 AÑOS ESCOLARIZADOS DE LA CIUDAD DE MEDELLÍN / COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE ON TESTS OF LANGUAGE IN 6-14-YEAR-OLD SCHOOLED CHILDREN IN THE CITY OF MEDELLIN  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente artículo presenta los resultado de investigación el cual busca describir el desempeño cognitivo de los escolares de 6 a 14 años en pruebas de lenguaje, este estudio se desarrolló con 92 participantes con diferentes estratos socioeconómicos se aplicaron pruebas de Lenguaje: Test de asocia [...] ción controlada de palabras, Test de vocabulario de Boston, Token test, encontramos que las habilidades y desempeño en pruebas de lenguaje no difieren entre sexo y lateralidad, existen diferencias evidenciables en grupos de edades, con influencia del nivel educacional. Abstract in english This paper presents results of research which aimed to describe the cognitive performance on tests of language in 6-14-year-old. In this study, the researchers chose a sample population of 92 participants coming from different socioeconomic strata. That is why tests of language, tests of controlled [...] association, Boston Naming Test, and Token Test were applied.

María Cristina, Giraldo García; Paola Yulieth, Velásquez Correa; Maryoris Elena, Zapata Zabala; Elizabeth, Hoyos Zuluaga.

114

Estado de nutrición en hierro en una población de 4 a 14 años, urbano marginal, de Lima / Iron nutrition status in 4 to 14 year-old children living in a marginal urban section in Lima  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Determinar el estado de nutrición en hierro en una población de 4 a 14 años. Diseño: Estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal y prospectivo. Lugar: Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Participantes: Niños, entre 4 y 14 años. Intervenciones: Se estudió 349 [...] niños, 170 de sexo masculino y 179 de sexo femenino, entre 4 y 14 años de edad, del Centro de Salud San Genaro de Villa, Chorrillos, entre setiembre 2001 y agosto 2002. Principales medidas de resultados: Estado de nutrición en hierro. Resultados: El 68,8% (240) no presentó alteración en el estado de nutrición en hierro (ENH), frente a 31,2% (109) que sí lo presentó. De los 109 niños con alteración en el ENH, 68,8% (75) clasificó en el estadio I de depleción latente (ferritina 400 ug/dL), y 8,3% (9), en el estadio III de anemia ferropénica (hemoglobina Abstract in english Objective: To determine the iron nutrition status in 4 to 14 year-old children. Design: Descriptive, observational, transversal and prospective study. Setting: Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Participants: Four to fourteen year-old children. Interventions: We studied 3 [...] 49 children 4 to 14 year-old, 170 males and 179 females, at San Genaro Health Center, Chorrillos, from September 2001 through August 2002. Main outcome measures: Iron nutritional status. Results: From these children, 68,8% (240) did not present alteration in iron nutrition status (INS), compared with 31,2% who presented this alteration. From the 109 children with iron nutrition status alteration, 68,8% (75) were stage I or latent depletion (ferritine 400 ug/dL), and 8,3% (9) were in stage III with iron deficient anemia (hemoglobin

Alicia, Fernández; Luzmila, Troncoso; Violeta, Nolberto.

115

The Role of University Education in Changing the Gender Role Perceptions of Turkish ELT Student Teachers  

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Full Text Available Despite recent improvements in demographics and educational outcomes, it is still the case that traditional expectations and attitudes toward gender roles in the Turkish society have been preserved to a great extent. Given this current position of Turkey in terms of gender issues, the transformative power of education, especially of teachers, could be emphasized more strongly at all levels of education. Therefore, it is important that teachers are trained to identify and counter gender bias to help fight the problem of sexism prevalent in the country. The purpose of this study was to compare the gender role perceptions and gender role classifications of first-year and fourth year English language teaching (ELT student teachers and to identify any difference between the two groups. The sample (N=204 for the present study was obtained from a large state university in western Turkey. Gender role orientation was assessed with the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI, Bem 1974. Findings have indicated that male student teachers still have a traditional perspective on gender roles and that university education does not seem to have a role in changing their existing value judgments in relation to gender. On the other hand, Turkish female students have adopted a more masculine gender role within the four years of their university education. Implications are included for teacher education institutions in Turkey.

?rem KIZILASLAN

2011-08-01

116

Prevalence of depression among Turkish University Students and related factors  

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Full Text Available Objective: This investigation was performed to determine the prevalence rate of depression and its correlates in students at Erciyes University. Method: A total of 1003 university students at the Medical, Theology and Engineering Faculties of Erciyes University in Kayseri, Turkey were included in the study. A socio–demographic questionnaire and a Beck Depression Inventory were completed by the students. An unpaired t test, a one way ANOVA test and a logistic regression analysis were used for the statistical analyses. Results: Total numbers of male and female students in the study group were similar and the mean age was 20.3±1.8. The mean Back Depression Inventory Beck Depression Inventory score was 11.3±8.6 points and prevalence rate of depression (Beck Depression Inventory ?17 was 21.2%. The Mean Beck Depression Inventory score and depression prevalence were found higher among the students who had a physical illness, who were not satisfied with their body image or their faculty and who rated the economic level of their families as poor. Conclusion: It was concluded that approximately one–fifth of the students had depression. For the students, studying in a faculty which they are not satisfied is a major factor affecting depression. A better leadership should be provided for the students during the faculty selection procedure. Key Words: University student, depression, Beck Depression Inventory Üniversite ö?rencilerinde depresyon prevalans? ve ili?kili faktörler Amaç: Bu çal??ma, Erciyes Üniversitesi ö?rencilerinde depresyon prevalans?n? ve bununla ili?kili faktörleri belirlemek amac?yla yap?lm??t?r. Yöntem: Erciyes Üniversitesinin T?p, ?lahiyat ve Mühendislik fakültelerinde okuyan toplam 1003 ö?renci ara?t?rma kapsam?na al?nd?. Ö?rencilere sosyo-demografik anket ve Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i uyguland?. Verilerin istatistiksel analizinde unpaired t testi, tek yönlü ANOVA testi ve logistik regresyon analizi uyguland?. Bulgular: Ara?t?rma grubundaki erkek ve k?z ö?renci say?lar? birbirine yak?nd? ve ya? ortalamas? 20.3±1.8 olarak belirlendi. Ortalama BDÖ puan? 11.3±8.6 ve depresyon prevalans? (Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i puan? ?17 % 21.2 bulundu. Fiziksel hastal??? olanlarda, beden görünümünden memnun olmayanlarda, okudu?u fakülteden memnun olmayanlarda ve ailesinin ekonomik durumunu kötü olarak belirtenlerde ortalama Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i puan? ve depresyon prevalans? daha yüksek bulundu. Sonuç: Ö?rencilerin yakla??k be?te birinde depresyon vard?r. Ö?rencilerin, ho?lanmad??? bir fakültede okumalar? depresyon s?kl???n? etkileyen en önemli faktörlerden biridir. Fakülte seçimi s?ras?nda ö?rencilere daha iyi rehberlik hizmeti sa?lanmal?d?r. Anahtar Kelimeler: Üniversite ö?rencisi, depresyon, Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i

Fatma Akpinar

2011-12-01

117

STUDENTS‘ PERCEPTIONS OF CHANGE READINESS OF A TURKISH EDUCATION FACULTY REGARDING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES  

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Full Text Available A recent study investigated the degree of involvement in new teaching and learning methods by the academic staff of a large privileged Turkish state university, and revealed that faculties of education and open education were better in terms of change readiness than other faculties. The current study builds on that study, and investigates the involvement of the institution and teaching staff in technology integration from observers’ perspectives through administering a personal information form and a 31-item Likert questionnaire to 475 senior students of the Faculty of Education. Findings revealed that what were reported by instructors in the previous study seem somewhat different from what is being reported by their students in the current study. More specifically, students found their instructors and the infrastructure of the faculty quite inadequate in terms of the integration of information and communication technologies (ICT within classroom settings. Implications and suggestions regarding the integration process are provided.

Yavuz AKBULUT

2009-01-01

118

Psychological and physical correlates of disordered eating in male and female Turkish college students.  

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The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between disordered eating and three psychological variables (obsessive and depressive symptoms, self-esteem) and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of male and female college students in Turkey. Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (MOCI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale (RSES), Eating Attitude Test (EAT), and Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh (BITE) scales were administered to 408 college students (279 women; 129 men). By multiple regression analysis, the scales of MOCI, BDI, RSES and BMI were used as potential predictors of EAT and BITE scores for each gender. Obsessionality and BMI were the strongest predictors of bulimic and anorexic symptoms in women. In men, while the strongest predictors of bulimic symptoms were the depressive and obsessive symptoms, the best predictor of anorexic symptoms was obsession scores. There were significant differences and some similarities between male and female Turkish college students. PMID:16958937

Erol, Atila; Toprak, Gulser; Yazici, Fadime

2006-10-01

119

Cross-Cultural Pragmatics of Reading: The Case of American and Turkish Students Reacting to a Turkish Text  

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Studies indicate that cultural properties of texts affect reading at the content and textual levels. However, research has not adequately addressed the effects of the cross-cultural pragmatics of discourse on readers. Therefore, this study explored whether or not cultural factors play a role in reading comprehension by comparing Turkish and…

Uysal, Hacer Hande

2012-01-01

120

Association between premenstrual syndrome and alexithymia among Turkish University students.  

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Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a heterogeneous disorder, which includes physical, cognitive, affective and behavioral symptoms. The aim of this study was to determine the factors affecting PMS and the relationship between PMS and alexithymia. The research was performed with 308 students. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, the Toronto alexithymia scale (TAS-20) and a premenstrual assessment form (PAF). The prevalence of PMS in our sample was 66.6%. The contributing factors to PMS were having a history of psychiatric treatment and having a smoking habit (p?PMS group showed higher scores than the non-PMS group on all the items of the TAS-20 which includes the three factors: difficulty in identifying feelings, difficulty in describing feelings and externally oriented thinking (p?PMS. PMID:24512608

Alpaslan, Ahmet Hamdi; Avc?, Kadriye; Soylu, Nusret; Ta?, Hanife Uzel

2014-05-01

 
 
 
 
121

Surveying American and Turkish middle school students' existing knowledge of earthquakes by using a systemic network  

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Global environmental events are becoming increasingly important, because most of them enter our daily lives and somehow shape our everyday activities. Earthquakes are one of the most important environmental events affecting our life. Despite extensive media coverage, the public's scientific knowledge of earthquakes is limited. The purpose of this study was to design a questionnaire by using a new approach "Systemic Networks" to investigate students' existing knowledge of earthquakes. Systemic networks categorize features systematically in terms of events and their related actions. In the study, systemic networks were constructed around four possible features of earthquakes: (a) what are earthquakes? (b) how do earthquakes happen? (c) how can earthquakes affect other things such as objects or living things? and (d) what can be done to protect from earthquakes? The questionnaire was administered to 823 students in 5th through 8th grades. Participants included in the sample were chosen from two different locations: Aydin, Turkey, which is in a high-risk Earthquake zone; and Columbus/OH, which is in a low risk Earthquake zone. In addition, the majority of students in the United States have received formal instruction about earthquakes whereas the majority of students in Turkey have not. Comprehensive Exploratory Factor Analysis (CEFA version 1.03 for MS Windows) was used to examine students' patterns of thinking. Ten factors were found based on the students' common pattern of thinking and all ten factors represented separate themes framed around the features of systemic networks. The research showed similarities as well as differences between the responses in two countries. The US students' scientific knowledge about earthquakes was significantly higher than Turkish students and they held fewer naive beliefs than Turkish students about the definition of earthquakes and about how earthquakes happen. Over half of the students in both countries do not know about earthquake safety. The results of this study found that students who had experienced an earthquake did not have better knowledge about them. The success of this study also suggests that the network design of the questionnaire might have broader application to different subject matter and concepts.

Oguz, Ayse

122

Eating habits and lifestyle in a group Turkish primary education children  

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Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of child obesity is increasing rapidly worldwide as well as Turkey due to skipped main meals and increased snacking. The objectives were to study the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in a group of Turkish children, and to analyze the relationship between eating habits and lifestyle and obesity. Methods: The study was carried out in 6 schools in urban regions in the city of Eskisehir, Western Turkey between February and May2008. Atotal of 1421 students aged 7 - 14 years (708 boys and 713 girls were examined. Eating habits and life-style were obtained by evaluation of a standard set of 15 questions prepared using the literature. Results: Most obese students reported having a snack in the afternoon, not spending at least five hours of leisure time per week in physical activities, being high income level, that their mother’ education level was university, eating less fruits, eating less vegetables, having more dessert after any meal, eating more potato chips, watching television more, living a physically active life less, less breast feeding, that their father consumed alcohol, that their father was overweight/ obese, their mother wase overweight/obese (statistically important relationships for each one. Conclusions: A small portion of 7 - 14-year-old Turkish children are at increased health risk owing to overweight and obesity in an urban po- pulation in a developing country.

Nazan Erenoglu

2013-03-01

123

APPROACHES IN INVESTIGATING ROMANIA’S IMAGE AS A TOURIST DESTINATION AMONG THE TURKISH STUDENTS  

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Full Text Available The image of the tourist destination plays an essential role in the decision making process regarding the choice of a holiday. Image has a crucial role in the success of the destination because it influences the consumers’ satisfaction and helps in drawing up a promotion strategy for the positioning/repositioning on a certain market, branding/rebranding the tourist destination. Information from different sources contribute to the formation of the image of a certain destination, information which can be distributed into: the promotion performed by the destination; the other’s opinions (direct or indirect; mass-media and the popular culture. We intended to investigate Romania’s image a a tourist destination among the Turkish students. The results showed that the students had very poor knowledge of our country.

Olimpia BAN

2010-12-01

124

Exploration of the Attitudes of Freshman Foreign Language Students toward Using Computers at a Turkish State University  

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The present study expands the design of Warschauer (1996) surveying freshman foreign language students at a Turkish university. Motivating aspects of computer assisted instruction in terms of writing and e-mailing are explored through an exploratory factor analysis conducted on the survey developed by Warschauer (1996). Findings suggest that…

Akbulut, Yavuz

2008-01-01

125

Influence of Gender, Program of Study and PC Experience on Unethical Computer Using Behaviors of Turkish Undergraduate Students  

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This study administered the unethical computer using behavior scale (UECUBS) developed by [Namlu, A.G., & Odabasi, F. (2007). Unethical computer using behavior scale: A study of reliability and validity on Turkish university students. Computers and Education, 48, 205-215.] to investigate whether gender, program of study and PC experience have an…

Akbulut, Y.; Uysal, O.; Odabasi, H. F.; Kuzu, A.

2008-01-01

126

Attitudes Towards Seeking Psychological Help among a Sample of Turkish University Students: The Roles of Rumination and Internal Working Models  

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The current study investigates how attitudes towards seeking psychological help relate to internal working models of attachment (self-model and other-model) and ruminative tendencies. The study includes 589 Turkish university students (278 females, 308 males and 3 unknown) by implementing a convenient sampling procedure. The average age of the…

Turan, Numan; Erdur-Baker, Özgür

2014-01-01

127

The role of culture and self-construal in autobiographical memories of US and Turkish college students.  

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This study examined memory variables both cross-culturally and across four cultural self-construal types. US (N=240) and Turkish (N=174) college students described their earliest childhood memory, and another significant childhood memory, and completed the Balanced Integration-Differentiation (BID) Scale (Imamoglu, 1998; 2003), which measured relatedness and individuation, and allowed for the classification of students into four different self-construal types (Related-Individuated, Separated-Individuated, Related-Patterning, Separated-Patterning). At the cultural level US students' earliest memories were dated approximately 6 months earlier, had greater volume, and were more positive. US students also reported memories as more important. Turkish students' memories had more detail, a higher proportion of propositions, self-, other- and we-related words, and higher other-self ratios, and they were clearer than those of US students. Turkish students also reported greater ease in describing their earliest memory in words. At the level of self-construal the primary differences were between students high in both relatedness and individuation and those low in both. The culture by BID interaction was significant in only 1 of the more than 24 analyses. PMID:23452078

Sahin, Basak; Mebert, Carolyn J

2013-01-01

128

Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children. Such a self-selected sample may represent a group of students who have a higher level of motivation to seek sources of information outside their formal education and have more access to resources than the students of low social classes. To overcome this problem, 739 students were asked to write a question that they wanted to learn from a scientist and as a result 878 questions were gathered. Those students were selected from 13 different schools at 9 cities in Turkey. These schools were selected to represent a mixture of socioeconomic areas and also to cover different students' profile. Students' questions were classified into two main categories: the field of interest and the cognitive level of the question. The results point to the popularity of biology, astrophysics, nature of scientific inquiry, technology and physics over other science areas, as well as indicating a difference in interest according to gender, grade level and the setting in which the questions were asked. However, our study suggests that only considering questions submitted to informal learning environments, such as popular science magazines or Ask-A-Scientist Internet sites has limitations and deficiencies. Other methodologies of data collection also need to be considered in designing teaching and school science curriculum to meet students' needs and interest. The findings from our study tend to challenge existing thinking from other studies. Our results show that self-generated questions asked in an informal and a formal setting have different patterns. Some aspects of students' self-generated questions and their implications for policy, science curriculum reform and teaching are discussed in this paper.

Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

2012-06-01

129

Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public university located in the west of Turkey. Responses were analysed, using the chi-square (x2 test, t test and percent (% ratios, according to gender and consumers. Differences were considered significant for p ? 0.05. Results Of 2253 students attending the university, 1871 participated in the survey (909 men and 962 women. Overall, the prevalence of NVNM supplement use was 16.5% (16.6% in men and 16.3% in women, p The three most commonly given reasons for use were 'improvement of energy and vitality (78.6%', 'promotion of weight loss (71.1%', followed by 'enhancement of athletic performance (64.3%'. Twenty-six of the 308 reported NVNM users (26/308, 8.4% reported having experienced an adverse reaction. Television (76.3%, magazines/newspapers (41.5% and internet websites (37.3% were the most frequently used sources for obtaining information about NVNM supplements. The three most frequently used NVNM supplements were echinacea, ginseng, and gingko biloba (38.6%, 36.4%, and 32.8%, respectively. Nutritional scores were higher in NVNM supplement users than in non-users (66.510.8 vs. 62.712.7 (p Conclusion The results indicate that the prevalence of NVNM supplement use is relatively modest among Turkish university students and more information is needed on why people use particular NVNM supplements.

Son Osman

2005-05-01

130

Determination of the Turkish primary students' views about the particulate nature of matter  

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Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine 4th, 5th, and 6th grade Turkish primary students’ conceptions about the particulate nature of matter via a test. The test consists of 36 items related to the changes of microscopic properties of solid, liquid and gas matters during phase changing, cooling, heating and pressing of them. The sample of the study consists of 411 students, 139 of them are from grade 4, 121 of them are from grade 5 and 151 of them are from grade 6. The answers given to test have shown that the understanding levels of students in all grades about the microscopic properties of matter are quite low; they had little knowledge or misconceptions about the microscopic properties of the particles such as the order of the particles, spaces between particles, the number of particles, the size of particles and the movement of the particles; and progression of students’ conceptions on the particulate nature of matter is multifaceted.

Haluk ÖZMEN

2007-06-01

131

Repercussões da gravidez em adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos em contexto de vulnerabilidade social / Impact of pregnancy on at-risk, 10-14 year-old adolescents  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Com o objetivo de identificar as repercussões ocorridas na vida de adolescentes que engravidaram entre 12 e 14 anos, em contexto de vulnerabilidade social, foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas e aplicados mapas de redes com 10 participantes, quando o filho estava entre um e três anos de id [...] ade. Os dados foram analisados qualitativamente, a partir da Teoria Fundamentada Empiricamente, de Anselm Strauss e Juliet Corbin. Os resultados evidenciaram que, após a experiência de gravidez e da maternidade, as adolescentes desenvolveram maior responsabilidade por sua vida reprodutiva e reformularam projetos, valorizando mais os estudos, apesar das dificuldades para retomá-los. O relacionamento com os parceiros caracterizou-se pela união estável, destacando-se a importância destes e das mães das adolescentes em seu processo de adaptação. Abstract in english Aiming to identify the effects occurring in the lives of adolescents who became pregnant between 12 and 14 years old in a context of social vulnerability, we conducted semi-structured interviews and used network maps with 10 participants when their children were between 1 and 3 years old. The data w [...] ere analyzed qualitatively, from the Empirically Grounded Theory of Anselm Strauss and Juliet Corbin. The results showed that after the experience of pregnancy and motherhood, adolescents developed greater responsibility for their reproductive lives and reviewed some future projects, giving more value to the studies, despite the difficulties to resume them. The relationship with partners was characterized by getting more stable, highlighting the importance of adolescents' partners and mothers in their adjustment process.

Farias, Rejane de; Moré, Carmen Ojeda Ocampo.

132

Examination of psychometric properties of the Turkish version form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire in university students  

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Objective: It is aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Turkish form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ) in this study. Method: The participants of the study are constituted by 491 university students studying in Sakarya University Education Faculty in 2011-2012 education year. All of the participants were subjected to the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ) and randomly selected 173 participants were subjected to the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Life Orientation...

tayfun dogan; fatma sapmaz

2012-01-01

133

THE EFFECT OF MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS ON THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE SUCCESS OF STUDENTS AT THE TURKISH MILITARY ACADEMY  

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This paper aims to find out the effect of motivational factors on the foreign language success of students at the Turkish Military Academy (TMA). The study was applied to 50 3rd grade male cadets in the first semester of the 2008 – 2009 academic year. The participants of the study are military high school graduates and have been studying English for nearly seven years. As the data collection instrument, a motivational factors questionnaire adapted from Wen’s (1...

2011-01-01

134

A New Group about Teaching Turkish to Foreigners: Refugees and Refugee Students  

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In today's world for countries, teaching language and communication became an important issue for making these countries' cultures spread and making them powerful and effective in the global world. A way to make Turkey effective and well known is teaching Turkish and Turkish culture refugees are important opportunity for this. This study is one of…

Arslan, Akif

2011-01-01

135

The design and evaluation of a teaching-learning sequence addressing the solubility concept with Turkish secondary school students  

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This paper reports upon a study addressing teaching and learning about solubility to Turkish first-year secondary school students (age 14-15). The principal aim of the research was to investigate the impact on students' understanding of solubility, of introducing a simple particle model of matter. A teaching intervention to fit within the existing chemistry curriculum was designed, which explained macroscopic and quantitative aspects of solubility in terms of particles. To this extent, the teaching intervention met the requirements of the existing curriculum, and the teaching intervention was conducted under all the time and other restrictions imposed by the Turkish system. Students' performance on test questions about solubility was assessed before and after instruction, and after 6 months. In addition, students in a similar class, following typical teaching about solubility, completed identical test questions. Findings suggest that it is possible to design a teaching sequence that introduces a simple particle model of matter in such a way that students can successfully use it to explain various solubility phenomena. However, students who followed such instruction did not significantly out-perform others who did not follow it, in all aspects of the conceptual domain. There is some evidence of long-term retention of particulate ideas by students, suggesting the possibility that this might be drawn upon in future teaching and learning. The paper concludes with a brief discussion of the kinds of claims that can be supported from a study such as this.

Kabapinar, Filiz; Leach, John; Scott, Phil

2004-05-01

136

Identifying Students' Misconceptions about Nuclear Chemistry: A Study of Turkish High School Students  

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This study represents the first attempt to elucidate and detail the types of misconceptions high school students hold relating to basic concepts and topics of nuclear chemistry. A diagnostic multiple-choice test was administered to 157 tenth-grade students (15-16 years old) and the data were analyzed. The results show that high school students…

Nakiboglu, Canan; Tekin, Berna Bulbul

2006-01-01

137

The Effect of Problem Solving Teaching with Texts of Turkish Lesson on Students’ Problem Solving Skills  

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Full Text Available In this research, by carrying out activities based on texts, effect of providing problem solving skill on students’ levels of problem solving attainment was tried to be identified. Research was performed according to pretest-posttest Experimental Model with Control Group, in 2008-2009 educational year at second grade of an elementary school in Denizli province. For nine weeks, four hours in a week, while teacher guide book was being followed in control group in Turkish language lesson, texts were carried out with problem solving activities in experimental group. In the research, “Problem Solving Test” which were used as data collection tools, were developed by benefiting from matching of attainment-problem solving steps-cognitive domain steps. Problem Solving Test is made up of 16 multiple choice and 9 open ended questions. In the analysis of data, t test was used. It was found that problem solving teaching succeeded at “identifying different possible solutions in the light of collected data, applying the decided way of solution, evaluating types of solutions, evaluating used problem solving method” stages of problem solving.

Havva ILGIN

2012-08-01

138

AN EXAMINATION OF TURKISH HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS’ ATTITUDES TOWARD PHYSICAL EDUCATION WITH REGARD TO GENDER AND GRADE LEVEL  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine gender and grade differences in Turkish high school students’ attitudestoward physical education. Participants consisted of 1604 (807 girls and 797 boys voluntary 9, 10 and 11th grade (6169th graders, 534 10th graders and 454 11th graders students (X Age=15.67±1.19 attending three public high schools incentral Ankara in Turkey. Attitudes toward Physical Education and Sport Scale which was developed by Demirhan andAltay (13 was used. The Attitudes toward Physical Education and Sport Scale was administered to high school studentsby first author in 2008-2009 spring semester. Independent Samples t- test was employed to investigate genderdifferences and ANOVA was employed to investigate grade level differences on The Attitudes toward PhysicalEducation and Sport Scale total score. The findings showed that the Turkish high school students’ attitudes towardphysical education were neutral and it did not change according to gender and grade level. Students experience positivecognitive and affective outcomes as a result of their participation to physical education classes. To ensure children aremotivated to participate in physical education, physical education teachers should obtain opportunities for all students toexperienced achievement regardless of their talent.

Erturan Ilker G.

2011-11-01

139

An investigation of students’ life satisfaction and loneliness level in a sample of Turkish students  

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Full Text Available This study investigated the correlation between the life satisfaction and loneliness levels of students of Faculty of Education with respected to age and gender variables. The participants are students at the Educational Faculty of Çukurova University in Adana/Turkey. The sample consists of 422 students, 223 female and 199 male. Their life satisfaction and loneliness levels were measured by the "UCLA Loneliness Scale" and "Life Satisfaction Scale", also "Personal Information Form" is used to gather personal information. To analyze data, t-test, one-way ANOVA, stepwise regression and correlation statistical techniques are used. The research findings show that the male students' loneliness level is higher than the female students' loneliness level. There is no significant difference found between male and female students' life satisfaction. Beside, the correlation between age and loneliness level shows that, loneliness level is increased with the increase of age. However, there is a negative correlation between life satisfaction and loneliness level. Based on research findings, researchers suggest that the psychological counseling and guidance services of university must be functionalized and improved to increase students' life satisfaction and to decrease loneliness level.

Songül Tümkaya

2008-05-01

140

A Comparative Study of the Effects of a Concept Mapping Enhanced Laboratory Experience on Turkish High School Students' Understanding of Acid-Base Chemistry  

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The research reported here consists of the introduction of an intervention based on a series of laboratory activities combined with concept mapping. The purpose of this intervention was to enhance student understanding of acid-base chemistry for tenth grade students' from two classes in a Turkish high school. An additional aim was to enhance…

Ozmen, Haluk; Demircioglu, Gokhan; Coll, Richard K.

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Examination of psychometric properties of the Turkish version form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire in university students  

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Full Text Available Objective: It is aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Turkish form of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ in this study. Method: The participants of the study are constituted by 491 university students studying in Sakarya University Education Faculty in 2011-2012 education year. All of the participants were subjected to the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (OHQ and randomly selected 173 participants were subjected to the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS, Life Orientation Test (LOT, Positive-Negative Affect Scale (PANAS and Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS besides (OHQ. Firstly, linguistic equivalence of the scale was examined. After ensuring the linguistic equivalence, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis methods were used to examine the structural validity of OHQ and for criterion related validity, the correlations of OHQ with other measuring methods used within the study were checked. The reliability of OHQ was examined with composite reliability, internal consistency and split-half methods. Findings: According to exploratory factor analysis results, a structure whose eigen value was 8.3 and which explained 29.84% of total variance was obtained. It was seen that the factor loads of the scale varied between 0.32 and 0.77. The findings obtained as a result of confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the one-factor structure of the scale was retained in the sample comprising Turkish university students. As a result of the analysis for criterion related validity, significant relations were found between OHQ and other measuring means evaluating happiness and optimism. In structural reliability analysis, Cronbach alpha internal consistency coefficient of OHQ was found 0.91 and reliability coefficient obtained with test half-life method was found 0.86 and composite reliability of the scale was found 0.91. Conclusion: The findings obtained in this study indicate that Turkish form of OHQ has a one-factor structure and this form can be used as a valid and reliable measuring means in evaluating happiness in university students.

fatma sapmaz

2012-01-01

142

Turkish Students' Scientific Literacy Scores: A Multilevel Analysis of Data from Program for International Student Assessment  

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A vast majority of the studies exploring the associations between student and school related factors and standardized test scores were conducted in developed countries. On the other hand, research suggests that the generalization of the findings of those studies to developing countries often leads to incorrect conclusions. The purpose of this…

Yilmaz, Haci Bayram

2009-01-01

143

Association of parents' nutritional status, and sociodemographic and dietary factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old Associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas e dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7 a 14 anos  

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To assess the association of parents' nutritional status, and dietary and sociodemographic factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren in Florianópolis Island, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, this cross-sectional epidemiological study examined 2,826 schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old, classified according to body mass index curves for age and sex recommended by the International Obesity Task Force. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression. The final model showed overweight/obesity in bo...

2012-01-01

144

Asma em escolares de 13 e 14 anos do Município de Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: estimativas de prevalência, gravidade e diferenças de gênero / Asthma in 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in the city of Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil: prevalence, severity, and gender differences  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever a prevalência, a gravidade e os sintomas associados à asma e sua relação com o gênero em escolares de 13 e 14 anos do Município de Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Trata-se de estudo transversal, no qual se utilizou o questionário escrito auto-aplicável para [...] asma do International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Participaram 3.033 escolares de 37 escolas públicas e privadas selecionadas aleatoriamente. A prevalência de sibilância alguma vez na vida foi de 26% e nos últimos 12 meses (asma atual) de 11,7%, sendo essas taxas maiores entre as meninas (razão de prevalência - RP = 1,46; IC95%: 1,31-1,62 e RP =1,72; IC95%: 1,35-2,21, respectivamente). Sintomas associados à gravidade da doença, como distúrbio do sono e limitação da fala por sibilos, também se associaram positivamente com o gênero feminino (RP = 2,57; IC95%:1,77-3,73 e RP = 2,07; IC95%:1,25-3,43). A prevalência da asma mostrou-se menor quando comparada com as de outras cidades brasileiras, porém ainda é alta entre adolescentes de Nova Iguaçu, sendo mais freqüente e mais grave no gênero feminino. Outros estudos são necessários para explicar tais diferenças. Abstract in english This study aimed to assess the prevalence and severity of asthma and related symptoms and the associations with gender in 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in the city of Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. The cross-sectional study used the self-applied International Study of Asthma and Allergie [...] s in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. The sample included 3,033 students randomly selected from 37 public and private schools. Prevalence of "any history of wheezing" was 26%, as compared to 11.7% within the last 12 months ("current asthma"), and was higher among girls (PR = 1.46; 95%CI: 1.31-1.62 and PR = 1.72; 95%CI: 1.35-2.21). Symptoms associated with severity, like "sleep disorders" and "speech limited by wheezing" were associated with female gender (PR = 2.57; 95%CI: 1.77-3.73 and PR = 2.07; 95%CI: 1.25-3.43). Although asthma prevalence was lower than in other Brazilian cities, it was still high among schoolchildren in Nova Iguaçu, and was more frequent and severe among girls. Further research is needed to explain the observed differences.

Fábio Chigres, Kuschnir; Antônio José Ledo Alves da, Cunha; Denise de Andrade Correa, Braga; Heloísa Helena Nunes da, Silveira; Melanie Hurel, Barroso; Suzana Tschoepke, Aires.

145

Asma em escolares de 13 e 14 anos do Município de Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: estimativas de prevalência, gravidade e diferenças de gênero / Asthma in 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in the city of Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil: prevalence, severity, and gender differences  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever a prevalência, a gravidade e os sintomas associados à asma e sua relação com o gênero em escolares de 13 e 14 anos do Município de Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Trata-se de estudo transversal, no qual se utilizou o questionário escrito auto-aplicável para [...] asma do International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC). Participaram 3.033 escolares de 37 escolas públicas e privadas selecionadas aleatoriamente. A prevalência de sibilância alguma vez na vida foi de 26% e nos últimos 12 meses (asma atual) de 11,7%, sendo essas taxas maiores entre as meninas (razão de prevalência - RP = 1,46; IC95%: 1,31-1,62 e RP =1,72; IC95%: 1,35-2,21, respectivamente). Sintomas associados à gravidade da doença, como distúrbio do sono e limitação da fala por sibilos, também se associaram positivamente com o gênero feminino (RP = 2,57; IC95%:1,77-3,73 e RP = 2,07; IC95%:1,25-3,43). A prevalência da asma mostrou-se menor quando comparada com as de outras cidades brasileiras, porém ainda é alta entre adolescentes de Nova Iguaçu, sendo mais freqüente e mais grave no gênero feminino. Outros estudos são necessários para explicar tais diferenças. Abstract in english This study aimed to assess the prevalence and severity of asthma and related symptoms and the associations with gender in 13-14-year-old schoolchildren in the city of Nova Iguaçu, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. The cross-sectional study used the self-applied International Study of Asthma and Allergie [...] s in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. The sample included 3,033 students randomly selected from 37 public and private schools. Prevalence of "any history of wheezing" was 26%, as compared to 11.7% within the last 12 months ("current asthma"), and was higher among girls (PR = 1.46; 95%CI: 1.31-1.62 and PR = 1.72; 95%CI: 1.35-2.21). Symptoms associated with severity, like "sleep disorders" and "speech limited by wheezing" were associated with female gender (PR = 2.57; 95%CI: 1.77-3.73 and PR = 2.07; 95%CI: 1.25-3.43). Although asthma prevalence was lower than in other Brazilian cities, it was still high among schoolchildren in Nova Iguaçu, and was more frequent and severe among girls. Further research is needed to explain the observed differences.

Fábio Chigres, Kuschnir; Antônio José Ledo Alves da, Cunha; Denise de Andrade Correa, Braga; Heloísa Helena Nunes da, Silveira; Melanie Hurel, Barroso; Suzana Tschoepke, Aires.

146

Turkish University Students’ Perceptions of the World Wide Web as a Learning Tool: An Investigation Based on Gender, Socio-Economic Background, and Web Experience  

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The main purpose of the study is to investigate Turkish undergraduate students’ perceptions of the Web as a learning tool and to analyze whether their perceptions differ significantly based on gender, socio-economic background, and Web experience. Data obtained from 722 undergraduate students (331 males and 391 females) were used in the analyses. The findings indicated significant differences based on gender, socio-economic background, and Web experience. The students from higher socio-econ...

2009-01-01

147

THE ( AND ( PHONEMES AS FOSSILIZED PRONUNCIATION ERRORS FOR TURKISH ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHERS AND STUDENTS: UNDOING THE FOSSILIZED PRONUNCIATION ERROR  

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Full Text Available According to Haycraft, (1984: 90, “Since all humans have almost identical speechorgans, there should not be any ‘difficult’ sounds.” This is not a totally true thought becausethe nonnative speaking students apply the pronunciation rules of their native language, andthe result of such a conduct is the establishment of mother-tongue interference which boilsdown to be an unavoidable intrusion while learning a foreign language. A great majority ofpronunciation errors are due to inevitable mother-tongue pronunciation habits, which exhibitcertain resistance to the sounds of the target language. The mother-tongue association to theacquisition of some target language phonemes that are called the core sounds. (Demirezen2007e. The core sounds of the English language, such “consonants like / t ---> T, d ---> D, v---> w / and vowels like / e ---> Q, e ---> E, Q ----> E, « ---> Q, Q ---> Ã,  ----> ow, V-----> Vw /, constitute the prime fossilized mistake continuum for the Turkish teachers,teacher trainees and students in learning and teaching English as a foreign language.”Demirezen, 2007e: 306. This articles aims at analyzing and offering rehabilitative solutionsto one of such core sounds, namely / Q ---> à / contrast that harms the pronunciation ofTurkish learners of English.

Mehmet Demirezen

2008-10-01

148

Exploring the Types and Reasons of Internet-Triggered Academic Dishonesty among Turkish Undergraduate Students: Development of Internet-Triggered Academic Dishonesty Scale (ITADS)  

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Internet contributes to the development of science and facilitates scientific demeanors while it also serves as a ground for academic misdemeanors. Recent studies indicate that Internet facilitates and spreads academic dishonesty. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the extent of involvement of Turkish university students in…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Sendag, Serkan; Birinci, Gurkay; Kilicer, Kerem; Sahin, Mehmet C.; Odabasi, Hatice F.

2008-01-01

149

The Effects of the First Step to Success Program on Academic Engagement Behaviors of Turkish Students with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder  

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The present study evaluated the effectiveness of the First Step to Success (FSS) early intervention program with Turkish children identified with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Intervention effectiveness on target children's academic engagement behaviors was studied. Participants were four 7-year-old first-grade students in…

Ozdemir, Selda

2011-01-01

150

Turkish Teaching Curriculum and Specific Area Abilities of Turkish  

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Full Text Available The aim of the article is to find out the level of accordance of expectations from teachers and students who are two fundamental building blocks of education by comparing ability area in the specific area abilities of Turkish teacher,sub abilities and performance indicator to learning areas in Turkish teaching curriculum,aims and behaviours. In the direction this aim “general abilities of Teacher” and “Specific area abilities of Turkish” were primarily emphasized.Scanning method was used in this article.Expected behaviours from Turkish teacher are matched with the aims and behaviours students are expected to reach and shown in tables.The level of accordance of teacher ability and the aims and behaviours of student were found out,evaluations and suggestions were made related to Specific area abilities of Turkish.

Nail GÜNEY

2010-01-01

151

Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs about Cervical Cancer and Human Papilloma Virus Vaccination with Related Factors in Turkish University Students.  

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Background: This study aimed to determine knowledge, attitudes and believes about cervical cancer and human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccination with related factors in Turkish university students. Materials and Methods: This descriptive and cross sectional study was conducted between June-July 2013 in Hitit University located in Corum, a rural area to the East of Ankara. The population consisted of 550 university students who were training in first and last year from Faculties of Economics, Theology and Health. We reached 463 volunteer students without selection. The study of data was collected with a 44 item questionaire covering socio-demographic features, knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about cervical cancer, HPV and vaccination. Also for this study ethic committee report was taken from Bozok University. Data were evaluated with the SPSS 17.0 programme using the Ki kare test with P<0.05 accepted as statistically significant. Results: It was seen that there was a statistically significant variation between classrooms and departments of students with knowledge about cervical cancer and human papilloma virus and vaccine (p<0.001; p<0.01; p<0.05). Also we found low attitudes to thinking about taking HPV vaccination of girls and their children in the future. Conclusions: In light of the study findings; it was concluded that knowledge levels, beliefs and attitudes of the university students about cervical cancer, HPV infection and HPV vaccination were low. PMID:24870780

Yilmazel, Gulay; Duman, Nuriye Buyukkayaci

2014-01-01

152

The different grades students’ understanding levels of the concept of religion in turkish elementary education  

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The aim of this study is to examine the different grades students’ understanding levels of the concept of religion in elementary education. A total of 107 different grades students taken from elementary schools were asked the concept in using open ended question developed by the researcher. Obtained data showed that students couldn’t understand the concept correctly and scientifically and the majority of the students had a misconception about the concept such as worshipping, worships, bei...

C?ekin, Abdulkadir

2013-01-01

153

Is the Quality of Life of Turkish Smoker Students Different from Those Non-Smokers?  

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Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate whether smoking affects the quality of life of the students at Medical Documentation and Secreteriat Program (MDS) of Health Services Vocational Colleges. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the questionnaire has been applied to 147 (73,5 %) students out of 200 MDS students. As data collecting…

Unalan, Demet; Somunoglu, Sinem; Dikmetas, Elif; Elmali, Ferhan

2010-01-01

154

Assistive Technologies for Students with Disabilities: A Survey of Access and Use in Turkish Universities  

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This study examined the assistive technology needs of university students with disabilities and the availability of these technologies. It also explored the attitudes of the students with disabilities toward computers and the extent to which these are used by students with disabilities. Data was collected through a questionnaire, from 22…

Ari, Ismahan Arslan; Inan, Fethi A.

2010-01-01

155

Turkish Student Teachers' Ideas about Diagrams of a Flower and a Plant Cell  

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In the present study, the understandings of student teachers (training for the primary phase and Master's degree students from a primary science and technology education department) about flowers and plant cells using the method of drawing in combination with interviews are explored. The data were gathered from 116 student teachers and 10 Master's…

Topsakal, Unsal Umdu; Oversby, John

2012-01-01

156

Energy and nutrient intake and food patterns among Turkish university students  

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The goal of this study was to determine the nutritional value and nutrients provided by each meal and snack of consumed by university students. Subjects were randomly selected from volunteer students at five universities in Ankara. A sample of 400 students (167 female and 233 male) aged between 19 and 24 years participated in this study. A questionnaire designed to assess general characteristics, anthropometric measurements, and 24 hours dietary records was administered using face to face int...

2011-01-01

157

Burnout Levels and Personality Traits—The Case of Turkish Architectural Students  

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Full Text Available The aim of this research has been to investigate the relationship between personality traits and burnout levels of architectural undergraduate students. Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI and Five Factor Model were used to collect related data. Analysis of the collected data showed variations in personality traits and burnout levels of students from first to fourth year and revealed that education process was an important role player in personality development and burnout levels of students. Architectural students tended to be more “open to experience” and “extraverted” as they proceeded from the first year to final year without having high levels of “emotional exhaustion”. “Emotional exhaustion” was observed together with “neurotic” personality traits of students. Thus, one of the key recommendations of this research is that university counselors should plan and organize guidance programmes by focusing on individual requirements caused by both the student's personality traits and demands of the university education which may vary between both years and departments. Future work of this research will thus focus on civil engineering and computer engineering students in order to determine the effect of departmental differences on burnout levels of students and guide counseling programmes within the University accordingly.

Emel Laptali Oral

2013-02-01

158

Energy and nutrient intake and food patterns among Turkish university students.  

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The goal of this study was to determine the nutritional value and nutrients provided by each meal and snack of consumed by university students. Subjects were randomly selected from volunteer students at five universities in Ankara. A sample of 400 students (167 female and 233 male) aged between 19 and 24 years participated in this study. A questionnaire designed to assess general characteristics, anthropometric measurements, and 24 hours dietary records was administered using face to face interviews. According to body mass index classifications, 69.5% of male students, and 77.7% of female students were found to be in the normal weight categories. Overweight categories were found to be 25.1% and 5.6% for males and females, respectively. Breakfast and lunch were the most frequently skipped meals, with a total of 47.7% of students skipping breakfast and 25.2% skipping lunch. The percentages of energy deficiency were found to be 78.4% in males, and 81.1% in females. Dinner was the main meal for consumption of energy and the other nutrients, except saturated fatty acids, for both genders. Also, dinner was the largest contributor of energy in both genders. Students ate more bread, cereals, and meat at dinner than during the other meals and snacks. Fruit was consumed more during snacks than at the other meals by all students. It was concluded that students need more nutritional information about healthy nutritional habits, adequate intake of nutrients, and ideal body weights. PMID:21556225

Nesli?ah, Rak?c?o?lu; Emine, Akal Y?ld?z

2011-04-01

159

Energy and nutrient intake and food patterns among Turkish university students  

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The goal of this study was to determine the nutritional value and nutrients provided by each meal and snack of consumed by university students. Subjects were randomly selected from volunteer students at five universities in Ankara. A sample of 400 students (167 female and 233 male) aged between 19 and 24 years participated in this study. A questionnaire designed to assess general characteristics, anthropometric measurements, and 24 hours dietary records was administered using face to face interviews. According to body mass index classifications, 69.5% of male students, and 77.7% of female students were found to be in the normal weight categories. Overweight categories were found to be 25.1% and 5.6% for males and females, respectively. Breakfast and lunch were the most frequently skipped meals, with a total of 47.7% of students skipping breakfast and 25.2% skipping lunch. The percentages of energy deficiency were found to be 78.4% in males, and 81.1% in females. Dinner was the main meal for consumption of energy and the other nutrients, except saturated fatty acids, for both genders. Also, dinner was the largest contributor of energy in both genders. Students ate more bread, cereals, and meat at dinner than during the other meals and snacks. Fruit was consumed more during snacks than at the other meals by all students. It was concluded that students need more nutritional information about healthy nutritional habits, adequate intake of nutrients, and ideal body weights.

Emine, Akal Y?ld?z

2011-01-01

160

Mathematics Anxiety Among 4th And 5th Grade Turkish Elementary School Students  

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Full Text Available Using a sample of 4th and 5th graders, this study investigated whether students’ mathematics anxiety differed significantly according to a group of variables. A total of 249 students participated in the study. “The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for Elementary School Students” and “The Personal Information Form” were used for data collection. Independent samples t-tests, Oneway Anova and Schefee test were used to analyze the data. Results showed that students’ mathematics anxiety differed significantly according to gender, whether they liked mathematics class or not, whether they liked their mathematics teachers or not and the achievement level in mathematics. Female students reported significantly higher mathematics anxiety than males. Students who liked mathematics class and those who liked their mathematics teachers had lower anxiety. Students with higher achievement in mathematics reported lower degrees of mathematics anxiety. However, results did not show any significant difference in students’ mathematics anxiety with respect to their grade level and gender-stereotypes about success in mathematics.

Fulya Yüksel-?ahin

2008-10-01

 
 
 
 
161

Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students  

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It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

2013-01-01

162

The Portfolio Effect: Enhancing Turkish ELT Student-Teachers' Autonomy  

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This article reports on the use of portfolios to develop ELT major student-teachers' autonomy. The research was carried out for 14 weeks with twenty-one 3rd grade student-teachers in the English Language Teaching Department of Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey. To evaluate the impact of portfolios on fostering the participants'…

Yildirim, Rana

2013-01-01

163

Turkish nursing students’ perceptions and experiences of bullying behavior in nursing education  

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Objective: This descriptive study aimed to determine the bullying and harassment experiences of nursing students’ in various Nursing Schools in Turkey.  The types and frequency of bullying behaviors, the sources of bullying behaviors, and students’ emotions towards these experiences were investigated. Methods: Study participants were 370 undergraduate nurs...

Serap Palaz

2013-01-01

164

THE EFFECT OF MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS ON THE FOREIGN LANGUAGE SUCCESS OF STUDENTS AT THE TURKISH MILITARY ACADEMY  

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Full Text Available This paper aims to find out the effect of motivational factors on the foreign language success of students at the Turkish Military Academy (TMA. The study was applied to 50 3rd grade male cadets in the first semester of the 2008 – 2009 academic year. The participants of the study are military high school graduates and have been studying English for nearly seven years. As the data collection instrument, a motivational factors questionnaire adapted from Wen’s (1997 Motivational Scale was used. The questionnaire consists of three main parts. In Part I, there are questions aiming to collect some background information about the participants. In Part 2 and 3, the questions aim to collect data on the relationship between different types of motivation and the foreign language success. The collected data was analyzed by using SPSS 11.5 statistical package. Frequency, mean, independent t-test, ANOVA and Pearson Correlation analysis were used to analyze the data obtained. Based on the research findings, there is a statistically significant relationship between overall motivation and the foreign language success of the TMA cadets. However, there is no statistically significant difference between the language success and integrative motivation and valence. Also, the results of the study revealed a significant difference between low and high proficient students in terms of their overall motivation and their estimation of ability. Finally, the study showed no significant correlation between the participants’ monthly income and their overall motivation and the foreign language success. Similarly, no significant correlation was found out between the participants’ parents’ possession of English competence and the cadets’ overall motivation and language success.

Ya?ar E. KURUM

2011-10-01

165

Case Study of How Turkish University Students Improve Their Biochemistry Achievement  

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Full Text Available Biochemistry courses have an important place as a common subject in faculties of medicine, food engineering, biology and chemistry. MSLQ, Metacognitive Awareness Inventory and Learning Approach Questionnaire were used. The study also involves repeated observations of the same instructor in a biochemistry class over eight weeks to describe students’ academic performance, instructor practice, teaching methods and generally, learning environment in the biochemistry class. Students achieving the two highest scores, two average scores and the two lowest scores from biochemistry exams were selected for in-depth interviews and results demonstrated that self-efficacy, intrinsic goal orientation, task-value, cognitive strategies such as critical thinking ability and elaboration, metacognitive self-regulated strategies and effort regulation may have a considerable importance in students’ biochemistry achievement. Results of the study also revealed that levels of students’ awareness of what and how they monitor in their biochemistry learning process has an important effect on their biochemistry success.

Özlem Sadi

2013-09-01

166

Case Study of How Turkish University Students Improve Their Biochemistry Achievement  

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Biochemistry courses have an important place as a common subject in faculties of medicine, food engineering, biology and chemistry. MSLQ, Metacognitive Awareness Inventory and Learning Approach Questionnaire were used. The study also involves repeated observations of the same instructor in a biochemistry class over eight weeks to describe students’ academic performance, instructor practice, teaching methods and generally, learning environment in the biochemistry class. Students achieving...

Özlem Sadi

2013-01-01

167

Fallacies about Water Pipe Use in Turkish University Students - What Might Be the Consequences?  

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Background: The popularity of the narghile waterpipe, also referred to as hookah, shisha or hubble-bubble has increased tremendously during the past few decades. The aim of this study was to expose perception of narghile among a representative sample of university students in Sakarya University campus. Materials and Methods: Written approval was taken from the local education authority. An anonymous questionnaire which was prepared by the investigators and contained 17 questions was administered. Nine of the questions were related to socio-demographic characteristics and eight were related to the students harm perceptions about waterpipe. A total of 1,320 questionnaries were received and after preliminary evaluation 1,255 (95.7%) were found to be suitable for evaluation. The data was evaluated in SPSS program by using percentages and averages. Results: The mean±SD age of the students was 20.8±2.29 years (min 18, max 32). There were 864 (68.8%) females and 391 (31.2%) males. A total of 6.3 % of the students (n=79) believed that waterpipe is not harmful because its smoke does not burn the lungs. Almost one-third (n=318) think that the carcinogenic chemicals are filtered while waterpipe smoke passes from the water; 12.1 % of the students (n=152) checked "true" for the statement of "waterpipe smoke contains no nicotine". It is seen that 14.0 % of the students (n=176) think waterpipe with fruit/ aroma is healthier than plain waterpipe. Conclusions: As a result of this study, it is found out that a substantial number of university students have false beliefs on harmful effects of waterpipe smoking. PMID:24716921

Alvur, Muge Tuncay; Cinar, Nursan; Akduran, Funda; Dede, Cemile

2014-01-01

168

Evaluation of knowledge, attitude and behavior of Turkish university students regarding family planning  

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Full Text Available Research conducted to define general knowledge of university students’ attitudes and behaviors about family planning. The sample consisted of 755 Sakarya University students. Data were collected from an open-ended questionnaire form and faceto-face interviews. The data analysis process was conducted using specific software. Most participants (59.7% were over 22 years old and female, and 1.2 % of the females were married. Women in the study had a positive outlook regarding the positive effects of family planning on sexual health and stated that family planning is important to both society and our economy. The awareness and knowledge regarding family planning was found to be strongest among older participants. The family planning concept was understood correctly by about half of the students. Finally, young people did not have sufficient knowledge about family planning, its methods or where to obtain information on the topic.

Fatma Fidan

2012-09-01

169

The relationship between humour styles and shyness: an investigation of Turkish university students  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between humour styles and shyness. The sample consisted of 640 (330female; 310 male university students. Humour styles and shyness levels of these students were measured by the use of theHumour Styles Questionnaire, and Shyness Scale respectively. To analyze the data, regression analysis and correlation analysiswere employed. A significant effect of humour styles on shyness was detected. All humour styles (affiliative, self-enhancing,aggressive, and self-defeating were found to be significantly correlated to shyness.

At?lgan Erozkan

2009-06-01

170

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Brain Size/IQ Relations in Turkish University Students.  

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Studied the relation of intelligence quotient (IQ) to brain size on 103 right-handed and left-handed male and female college students in Turkey. Measured cerebral areas and found an overall correlation between brain area and IQ. Discusses some sex differences. (SLD)

Tan, Uner; Tan, Meliha; Polat, Pinar; Ceylan, Yasar; Suma, Selami; Okur, Adnan

1999-01-01

171

How Do Turkish Nursing Students Plan Their Career after the Graduation?: A Questionnaire Survey  

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This research was planned as a cross-sectional and descriptive study for the purpose of determining nursing students' expectations from a workplace and what department, area, and positions they want to work in after graduation. The research population was comprised of the four university-based schools of nursing in Ankara province. The sample was…

Yildirim, Dilek; Kececi, Ayla; Bulduk, Serap

2011-01-01

172

Quantity versus Quality in Turkish Higher Education.  

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This paper asserts that there have not been adequate studies about the comparative quality of Turkish universities to provide information and data for prospective students, advisors, university administrators, and policymakers. Turkey has more than 70 state and private universities. Most of these are relatively new, although Turkish higher…

Arslan, Hasan

173

Investigating the Predictive Role of Social Self-Efficacy on Authenticity in Turkish University Students  

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Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between social self-efficacy and authenticity. The Perceived Social Self-efficacy Scale and the Authenticity Scale were administrated to a sample of 308 university students. The research data were analysed by correlation and linear regression analysis. Social self-efficacy is positively related to authentic living, and is negatively related to accepting external influence, and self-alienating. The linear regression analysis showed that social self-efficacy was a significant predictor of authenticity. The significance and limitations of the results are discussed.

Seydi Ahmet Satici

2013-08-01

174

The relationship between sexism and attitudes toward homosexuality in a sample of Turkish college students.  

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This study examined the relationship of sexism, having traditional and conservative values, and contact with homosexual individuals to attitudes toward homosexuality. Two hundred seven male and female students from Middle East Technical University completed Hudson and Rickett's Homophobia scale, Glick and Fiske's Ambivalent Sexism Inventory and questions about: (1) their sexual preferences, (2) whether they described themselves as traditional and conservative, and (3) whether they knew a homosexual or not. Sexist attitudes, being more traditional and conservative, and not knowing any homosexual individuals all predicted more negative attitudes toward homosexuality. The correlation between hostile sexism and anti-homosexual attitudes was higher than the correlation between benevolent sexism and anti-homosexual attitudes. In addition, male, as compared to female, respondents were both more sexist and held more negative attitudes toward homosexuality. PMID:12066992

Sakalli, Nuray

2002-01-01

175

Turkish University Students’ Perceptions of the World Wide Web as a Learning Tool: An Investigation Based on Gender, Socio-Economic Background, and Web Experience  

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Full Text Available The main purpose of the study is to investigate Turkish undergraduate students’ perceptions of the Web as a learning tool and to analyze whether their perceptions differ significantly based on gender, socio-economic background, and Web experience. Data obtained from 722 undergraduate students (331 males and 391 females were used in the analyses. The findings indicated significant differences based on gender, socio-economic background, and Web experience. The students from higher socio-economic backgrounds indicated significantly higher attitude scores on the self-efficacy subscale of the Web attitude scale. Similarly, the male students indicated significantly higher scores on the self-efficacy subscale than the females. Also, the students with higher Web experience in terms of usage frequency indicated higher scores on all subscales (i.e., self-efficacy, affective, usefulness, Web-based learning. Moreover, the two-way ANOVA results indicated that the student’s PC ownership has significant main effects on their Web attitudes and on the usefulness, self-efficacy, and affective subscales.

Erkan Tekinarslan

2009-04-01

176

Validity and Reliability of a Turkish Version of the Friendship Activity Scale  

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The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable Turkish version of the Friendship Activity Scale (FAS). Both the English and Turkish versions of the FAS were administered to 36 students to check for language equivalence. The Turkish version of the FAS was then administered to 226 students to ensure internal consistency, and to 61…

Nalbant, Sibel; Aktop, Abdurrahman; Ozer, Dilara; Hutzler, Yeshayahu

2011-01-01

177

Heritage Language Maintenance and Cultural Identity Formation: The Case of a Turkish Saturday School in New York City  

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This paper investigates the role of a Turkish Saturday school in the United States in helping students maintain the Turkish language and form a sense of Turkish cultural identity. This case study of one Turkish Saturday school in New York City builds on research in language maintenance and shift, and in language ideologies and linguistic identity…

Otcu, Bahar

2010-01-01

178

Association of parents' nutritional status, and sociodemographic and dietary factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old / Associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas e dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7 a 14 anos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Public Health | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas, dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7-14 anos de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Estudo transversal com 2.826 escolares, classificados com base nas curvas de índice [...] de massa corporal para idade e sexo segundo a International Obesity Task Force. Para as análises utilizou-se a Regressão de Poisson. No modelo final, mostraram associação direta ao sobrepeso/obesidade em meninos: escolaridade do pai, idade da mãe e estado nutricional dos pais; e inversa: escolaridade da mãe e número de refeições diárias. Entre as meninas houve associação direta com estado nutricional dos pais, e inversa com idade do escolar e consumo de alimentos de risco. As variáveis associadas ao sobrepeso/obesidade diferiram entre os sexos, com exceção do estado nutricional dos pais. Filhos e filhas de ambos os pais com sobrepeso/obesidade têm risco cerca de, respectivamente, 80% e 150% maior de apresentar o mesmo diagnóstico, indicando a necessidade de intervenções também no ambiente familiar. Abstract in english To assess the association of parents' nutritional status, and dietary and sociodemographic factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren in Florianópolis Island, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, this cross-sectional epidemiological study examined 2,826 schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old, classified a [...] ccording to body mass index curves for age and sex recommended by the International Obesity Task Force. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression. The final model showed overweight/obesity in boys associated directly with father's educational level, mother's age, and parents' nutritional status, and inversely with mother's educational level, and number of daily meals. Among girls, it associated directly with parents' nutritional status and the schoolchildren's age, and inversely with consumption of risk foods. The variables that associated with overweight/obesity differed between the sexes, except parents' nutritional status. Boys and girls with both parents overweight or obese were, respectively, 80% and 150% more likely to exhibit the same diagnosis, indicating the need for interventions that include the family environment.

Carla de Oliveira, Bernardo; Francisco de Assis Guedes de, Vasconcelos.

179

Association of parents' nutritional status, and sociodemographic and dietary factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old / Associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas e dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7 a 14 anos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas, dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7-14 anos de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Estudo transversal com 2.826 escolares, classificados com base nas curvas de índice [...] de massa corporal para idade e sexo segundo a International Obesity Task Force. Para as análises utilizou-se a Regressão de Poisson. No modelo final, mostraram associação direta ao sobrepeso/obesidade em meninos: escolaridade do pai, idade da mãe e estado nutricional dos pais; e inversa: escolaridade da mãe e número de refeições diárias. Entre as meninas houve associação direta com estado nutricional dos pais, e inversa com idade do escolar e consumo de alimentos de risco. As variáveis associadas ao sobrepeso/obesidade diferiram entre os sexos, com exceção do estado nutricional dos pais. Filhos e filhas de ambos os pais com sobrepeso/obesidade têm risco cerca de, respectivamente, 80% e 150% maior de apresentar o mesmo diagnóstico, indicando a necessidade de intervenções também no ambiente familiar. Abstract in english To assess the association of parents' nutritional status, and dietary and sociodemographic factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren in Florianópolis Island, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, this cross-sectional epidemiological study examined 2,826 schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old, classified a [...] ccording to body mass index curves for age and sex recommended by the International Obesity Task Force. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression. The final model showed overweight/obesity in boys associated directly with father's educational level, mother's age, and parents' nutritional status, and inversely with mother's educational level, and number of daily meals. Among girls, it associated directly with parents' nutritional status and the schoolchildren's age, and inversely with consumption of risk foods. The variables that associated with overweight/obesity differed between the sexes, except parents' nutritional status. Boys and girls with both parents overweight or obese were, respectively, 80% and 150% more likely to exhibit the same diagnosis, indicating the need for interventions that include the family environment.

Carla de Oliveira, Bernardo; Francisco de Assis Guedes de, Vasconcelos.

180

English and Turkish Pupils' Understanding of Decomposition  

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This study aimed to describe seventh grade English and Turkish students' levels of understanding of decomposition. Data were analyzed descriptively from the students' written responses to four diagnostic questions about decomposition. Results revealed that the English students had considerably higher sound understanding and lower no understanding…

Cetin, Gulcan

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Adaptation of Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale to Turkish  

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Full Text Available The aim of the study is adaptation of the “Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale ” which was developed by Bianchi ve Phillips (2005 to Turkish. In order to adapt the scale, firstly scale items were translated to Turkish by the researcher. Then translation form was further developed by consulting ten specialists. English and Turkish forms of scale were both filled by 30 undergraduate students with two-week intervals respectively. Two forms were accepted as equal since the correlation between them was 0.78. Turkish version of the scale was implemented on 300 students for validity and reliability studies. In Turkish version of the scale alpha valid value was calculated as 0.94, and reliable value vas calculated 0.88. Therefore, it can be concluded that Turkish version of the scale was reliable and valid.

Ali Haydar ?ar

2012-07-01

182

Cross-cultural metric equivalence of somatization, depression, and anxiety scales across Turkish and U.S.A. university students  

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Full Text Available Objective: The purpose of the present study was to gain a better understanding of cross-cultural differences in somatization, depression, and anxiety. Method: The author compared the factor structure of depression, anxiety, and somatization across Turkey and the U.S.A., and investigated the metric invariance of the instruments used to measure these constructs. Data from 778 Turkish and U.S.A. participants were used for the analyses. Results: It was found that depression, somatization, and anxiety are three distinct but related constructs for both Turkish and U.S.A. participants. It was also found that the instruments, namely the Beck Depression Inventory-II, Trait subscale of the State Trait Anxiety Inventory, and the Symptom Check List 90-R Somatization subscale, do not have metric invariance across the two cultures. These instruments do not measure the same construct across Turkey and the U.S.A. Conclusion: The results were consistent with the way depression, anxiety, and somatization are conceptualized in the DSM-IV as separate constructs, but contradicted Krueger et al.’s findings.

deniz canel cinarbas

2014-01-01

183

Tabelas de referências das qualidades físicas básicas de meninos de 9 a 14 anos Tablas de referencia de capacidades físicas básicas en niños de 9 a 14 años Basic physical attribute reference (anthropometric tables for 9 to 14 year-old children  

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Full Text Available Objetivo Desenvolver tabelas de referência da antropometria e qualidades físicas coordenação, força explosiva de membros inferiores e velocidade de deslocamento de meninos entre 9 e 14 anos. Método Foram avaliados 536 indivíduos em antropometria (peso e estatura, protocolos de velocidade (30 metros, coordenação (Burpee e Força Explosiva (sargent jump test. A metodologia foi descritiva por survey normativo, as tabelas sendo classificadas a partir das médias obtidas e seus desvios padrão. Para valores acima da média em um desvio-padrão (Acima da média em dois desvios-padrão (Excelente e valores abaixo da média em um desvio padrão (Abaixo da média em dois desvios padrão (Muito abaixo da média, tendo como parâmetro a idade cronológica. Resultados Nas idades 09 e 11 anos, existe uma progressão dos valores no estudo, pois alcançando 12 e 13 anos, observa-se que a estatura e velocidade deixam de evoluir como anteriormente, com o grupo de 12 anos apresentando melhores resultados nessas variáveis do que 13 anos. A força explosiva de membros inferiores progrediu com a estatura exceto na idade 13 anos, onde os resultados foram menores do que aos 12 anos. A Coordenação Motora, diferenciou-se nas idades 9 e 10 anos onde apresentaram o mesmo comportamento. Aos 14 anos, a diferença em relação às idades 11,12 e 13 anos, recaem na faixa excelente da tabela, pois alcançam o escore de 08 repetições no teste. Conclusão As tabelas de referência demonstram aplicabilidade facilitando a comparação dos parâmetros do estudo para jovens brasileiros.Objetivo Desarrollar tablas de referencia de antropometría y capacidades físicas de coordinación, fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores y velocidad de movimiento de los niños entre 9 y 14 años. Método Se evaluaron 536 individuos en antropometría (peso y talla, protocolos de velocidad (30 metros, coordinación (Burpee y concentración (prueba de salto Sargent. La metodología fue descrita por las normas de la encuesta, las tablas que se ordenan a partir de los promedios y sus desviaciones estándar. Para valores superiores al promedio de desviación estándar (encima de la media en dos desviaciones estándar (Excelente y los valores por debajo de la desviación estándar promedio (debajo de la media en dos desviaciones estándar (muy por debajo del promedio, con el parámetro de la edad cronológica. Resultados En la edad de 9 a 11 años hay una progresión en los valores en el estudio mientras que en las edades de 12 y 13 años se observa que la altura y la velocidad no progresan como antes, pero el grupo de 12 años presenta mejores resultados en estas variables que el de 13 años. La fuerza explosiva de las extremidades inferiores progresó con la altura hasta la edad de 13 años, excepto en los menores de 12 años de edad. La coordinación motora presentó el mismo comportamiento en las edades de 9 y 10 años y difirió de las de 14 años y las de 11, 12 y 13 años que entran en la clasificación considerada excelente de la tabla, ya que la puntuación llega a 08 repeticiones de la prueba. Conclusión Las tablas de referencia se aplican para facilitar la comparación de los parámetros del estudio para los jóvenes brasileños.Objective Developing anthropometric reference tables and physical qualities regarding coordination, lower limb explosive power and speed of movement for 9 to 14 year-old children. Method Anthropometric factors (weight and height, speed protocols (30 meters, coordination (Burpee and strength (Sargent jump test were assessed in 536 individuals. Descriptive methodology was used for survey standards, tables being sorted by their averages and standard deviations, values above average standard deviation (above the mean by two standard deviations (excellent and those below average standard deviation (below the mean by two standard deviations (very much below average regarding chronological age. Results Study values progressed up to age 9 to 11, whilst height and speed no longer evolved as before at age 12 an

Mauro Moraes-Macêdo

2011-08-01

184

Korelace mezi sportovní ?inností a užíváním návykovıch látek u 14letıch žák? a žáky? základních škol ve Slovinsku Correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year-old primary school male and female pupils in Slovenia  

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Full Text Available Cílem tohoto pr?zkumu bylo zjistit, zda u 14letıch žák? existuje korelace mezi sportovní aktivitou a užíváním návykovıch látek. Tento pr?zkum je založen na dotazníku s 38 prom?nnımi, p?i?emž pravd?podobnostní vztahy mezi prom?nnımi byly testovány pomocí chí-kvadrát testu. Analıza ukázala, že ve svém volném ?ase se sportu v?nuje 80 % chlapc? a 85 % dívek. Sportu se v?nují v?tšinou dvakrát až t?ikrát tıdn?. V?tšina chlapc? se v?nuje sportu závodn? (39 %, zatímco dívky se v?nují p?edevším rekrea?ním pohybovım aktivitám (48 %. Pokud jde o kou?ení, ke ku?ák?m pat?í 4 % procenta chlapc? a 12 % dívek. V?tšina chlapc? za?ala kou?it ve v?ku 13 let, dívky ve v?ku 12 let. 90 % chlapc? a 94 % dívek již n?jakı alkoholickı nápoj vyzkoušelo – jde tedy o v?tšinu žák? ve v?ku od 10 do 13 let. Pokud jde o užívání drog, vyzkoušelo je 18 % chlapc? a 26 % dívek. Nej?ast?jšími typy drog jsou inhalace, pilulky a marihuana. V?tšina žák? prohlásila, že kou?ení, pití alkoholu a užívání nelegálních návykovıch látek vyzkoušela ze zv?davosti. Rodi?e v?tšinou podporují d?ti v provozování sportu. V?tšina žák? se domnívá, že sport a kou?ení spolu nejde dohromady. Domnívají se, že sportovní aktivity jsou ?innosti, které by od užívání návykovıch látek mohly odrazovat. Zjistili jsme, že mezi sportovními aktivitami a užíváním legálních i nelegálních návykovıch látek není statisticky vıznamná korelace. Statisticky vıznamná korelace však byla zjišt?na u pití alkoholu v p?ípad? chlapc? (pivo a víno a inhalace látek v p?ípad? dívek. Rozdíly by z?ejm? mohly bıt vırazn?jší v pozd?jším v?ku – p?i p?echodu mezi základní a st?ední školou. Mladé lidi by bylo možno od užívání legálních i nelegálních návykovıch látek odradit nabídkou v?tšího množství aktivit, které by jim umož?ovaly trávit volnı ?as p?im??en?jším a kvalitn?jším zp?sobem. The aim of this research was to establish whether there is a correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year old pupils. This research is based on a questionnaire of 38 variables and the probability relations among the variables have been tested by the chi-square. Analysis has shown that 80% of male and 85% of female pupils practice sport in their leisure time. On average, they practice sport 2 to 3 times a week. The majority of male pupils practice sport competitively (39%, while female pupils primarily practice not officially organized recreational sports (48%. As for smoking, 4% of the male and 12% of the female pupils smoke, the majority of the male pupils had their first cigarette at the age of 13, female pupils at the age of 12. Regarding alcohol use, 90% of the male and 94% of the female pupils had tried an alcohol beverage, which means a majority of pupils between ages 10 and 13. As far as drugs are concerned, 18% of the male and 26% of the female pupils tried drugs. The prevailing types of drug-taking are vapor inhaling, pills and marijuana. The majority of pupils sa

Jože Štihec

2006-02-01

185

Factores de riesgo para enfermedad respiratoria en población de 5 a 14 años de una Localidad de Bogotá, 2012-2013 / Respiratory disease risk factors in the 5-14 year-old population in an area of Bogota, 2012-2013  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo Establecer la prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios, asma y rinitis, posiblemente asociados a la contaminación del aire en niños entre 5 y 14 años, en la localidad de Bosa, año 2012-2013. Métodos Se tomó una muestra de 553 niños residentes en la localidad de Bosa. Resultados Cuando el niño [...] habita con personas que fuman tiene 1,5 veces más de riesgo de toser en la noche respecto a los niños cuyos contactos no fuman. Los niños que habitan en viviendas con chimeneas a menos de 100 m de distancia tienen 1,6 veces la probabilidad de presentar el síntoma. Quienes asisten al colegio de mayor exposición y además tienen edificaciones en construcción o vías en mal estado a menos de 100 m de sus viviendas, presentan 2,5 veces la posibilidad de manifestar el evento. En cuanto a presentar sibilancias en el último año, los niños que tienen humedades en su habitación presentan 4 veces la probabilidad de manifestarlas. Hay un incremento del riesgo de sibilancias en un 80 % cuando el niño vive a menos de 100 m de edificaciones en construcción o vías sin pavimentar y además asiste al colegio de mayor exposición. Conclusiones Son tan importantes las intervenciones gubernamentales para la modificación de los factores de riesgo extramurales asociados a la enfermedad respiratoria como las mejoras que deben llevarse a cabo extramuralmente. Abstract in english Objective Establishing the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis, possibly associated with air pollution, in 5- to 14-year-old children in Bosa (a conurbation of Bogota), between 2012 and 2013. Methods A sample was taken of 553 children living in the conurbation. Results The result [...] s indicated that when a child lives with people who smoke there was a 1.5 times risk of coughing at night (compared to living in a non-smoking home) such night-time coughing being different to that produced by respiratory infections such as colds, bronchitis and pneumonia. Children living in homes having fireplaces/open cooking areas located less than 100 m apart had 1.6 times greater probability of presenting symptoms. Children attending schools having greater PM10 exposure and living near buildings being constructed or having roads in a poor state of repair less than 100 meters from their homes were 2.5 times more likely to suffer respiratory disease. Children living in damp rooms were 4 times more likely to have wheezed during the past year. The risk of wheezing became increased by 80 % when a child lived within 100 meters of buildings being constructed or near unpaved roads and attended a school having greater exposure. Conclusion Government intervention is critical for changing respiratory disease-associated extramural risk factors, such as improvements benefitting children which should be carried out in urban areas.

Rodríguez-Moreno, Natalia; Martínez-Morales, Viviana; Sarmiento-Suarez, Rodrigo; Medina-Palacios, Katalina; Hernández, Luis J..

186

Metaphors of Turkish Preservice Teachers about the Concept of "Literature"  

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This research has been done for the purpose of searching out the perceptions of the Turkish preservice teachers related to the term of "Literature" by the help of the concept of metaphors. 230 students have been participated to the study who have studied at Mehmet Akif Ersoy University(Turkey),Faculty of Education, Department of Turkish…

Bagci, Hasan

2013-01-01

187

A Turkish Version of the School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS)  

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Intended to enhance social skills instruction in Turkey, the present study highlights the process and outcome of creating a Turkish-language version of the School Social Behavior Scales (SSBS), originally developed by Merrell (1993). The social skills of the Turkish pre-and elementary school students were based on the Likert scale. The analyses of…

Yukay-Yuksel, Muge

2009-01-01

188

A longitudinal study of perceptions of self-concept and professional self-concept in Turkish nursing students  

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This study was conducted to determine the relationship between self-concept and professional self-concept amongst nursing students undertaking a four year degree.A descriptive longitudinal study was applied amongst all nursing students undertaking a four year degree starting in the academic year 2006-2007. The sample consists of total 78 students. The data collection was via two Likert scale type questionnaires about the self description of students and their descriptions of the professional ...

2013-01-01

189

Fifth-Grade Turkish Elementary School Students' Listening and Reading Comprehension Levels with Regard to Text Types  

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The aim of this study was to examine fifth grade elementary school students' listening and reading comprehension levels with regard to text types. This study was conducted on 180 fifth grade elementary school students in Sincan-Ankara in the spring semester of the academic year 2008-2009. The comprehension test was administered to students. The…

Yildirim, Kasim; Yildiz, Mustafa; Ates, Seyit; Rasinski, Timothy

2010-01-01

190

Climate Change and Morality: Students' Perspectives on the Individual and Society  

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There is a growing interest in addressing moral aspects in the research and education of socio-scientific issues. This paper investigates students' interpretations of climate change from a moral perspective. The students were 14 years old, studying at Green Schools in the Beijing area, China. The study was based on semi-structured group interviews…

Sternang, Li; Lundholm, Cecilia

2011-01-01

191

A Comparative Study of Croatian and Hungarian EFL Students  

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This comparative research aims to provide insights into how Croatian and Hungarian 8th graders' proficiency in English as a foreign language (EFL) compares to one another in relation to organizational macro factors. A total of 717 14-year-old students participated in the study in two neighboring regions and towns of Croatia and Hungary examining…

Mihaljevic Djigunovic, Jelena; Nikolov, Marianne; Otto, Istvan

2008-01-01

192

The Environmental Attitudes of Turkish Senior High School Students in the Context of Postmaterialism and the New Environmental Paradigm  

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The present study explores the environmental attitudes (EA) of senior high school students in Turkey, explains which determinant factors affect these EAs, and concludes with some suggestions for curricular reform. This study includes over nine hundred students from different school types, neighbourhoods, geographical regions, and socioeconomic…

Taskin, Ozgur

2009-01-01

193

Positive and Negative Affectivity as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Optimism and Life Satisfaction in Turkish University Students  

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The main purpose of this study is to examine the mediator and moderator role of positive and negative affectivity variables on the relationship between optimism and life satisfaction in university students. 397 university students, ranging in age from 18 to 27 (M = 20.98), attending different departments of the Faculty of Education, at Pamukkale…

Kapikiran, Necla Acun

2012-01-01

194

The Effects of Conflict Resolution Education on Conflict Resolution Skills, Social Competence, and Aggression in Turkish Elementary School Students  

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The purpose of the study was to implement "we can resolve our conflicts" training program to elementary school students and to assess the effectiveness of this school-based conflict resolution training program, designed to enhance students' conflict resolution skills and social competence and consequently decrease aggression. Three…

Akgun, Serap; Araz, Arzu

2014-01-01

195

A longitudinal study of perceptions of self-concept and professional self-concept in Turkish nursing students  

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Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine the relationship between self-concept and professional self-concept amongst nursing students undertaking a four year degree.A descriptive longitudinal study was applied amongst all nursing students undertaking a four year degree starting in the academic year 2006-2007. The sample consists of total 78 students. The data collection was via two Likert scale type questionnaires about the self description of students and their descriptions of the professional qualities of nurses which were issued a week apart. The first questionnaire consisted of a self-report form of 40 adjectives and students were asked to rate the suitability of each adjective for describing their personality. The second questionnaire employed the same adjectives as the first questionnaire. Students were asked to rate how necessary it was for professional nurses to possess these qualities. SPSS was used to analyse the data via percentages and Cohen’s Kappa method. The data for first year students showed 77.6% were happy to have chosen nursing but significant nearly a quarter were not. 85.9% thought they had similar characteristics to those required by nursing but there was a significant minority of almost one sixth who felt they did not have the required characteristics. The congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept was highest in the fourth year followed by the first year with the second year being the lowest. Congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept across all four years was evident from our study. Some implications of these findings for nursing education and practice are considered. A realistic approach to what is involved in both the study and practice of nursing can increase the self and professional self-concept congruence. It is important for nursing educators to effectively manage student expectations as a better alignment of these with actual situations helps students cope with the demands placed upon them.

Zehra Göçmen Baykara

2013-05-01

196

3D Visualization Types in Multimedia Applications for Science Learning: A Case Study for 8th Grade Students in Greece  

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This research aims to determine whether the use of specific types of visualization (3D illustration, 3D animation, and interactive 3D animation) combined with narration and text, contributes to the learning process of 13- and 14- years-old students in science courses. The study was carried out with 212 8th grade students in Greece. This…

Korakakis, G.; Pavlatou, E. A.; Palyvos, J. A.; Spyrellis, N.

2009-01-01

197

Change in the health promoting lifestyle behaviour of Turkish University nursing students from beginning to end of nurse training.  

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In light of developments in science and technology, content has been added to the nursing curriculum to support and improve students' healthy lifestyle behaviours. The aim of this study was to determine whether any difference was observed in the behaviour of nursing students. This longitudinal and descriptive study was conducted with 57 students during 2002-2006 academic years Marmara University, School of Nursing. The "health promotion lifestyle profile" developed in 1987 by Pender et al. was evaluated as to its validity and reliability in Turkey by the HPLP (healthy lifestyle behaviour scale) adapted by Esin. Percentage, variance analysis, Cronbach alpha coefficient and the t-test were used in the analysis of data. The findings indicated that healthy lifestyle behaviours of nursing students changed over time, from when they began and at the end of every year during their nurse training. PMID:18495538

Alpar, Sule Ecevit; Senturan, Leman; Karabacak, Ukke; Sabuncu, Necmiye

2008-11-01

198

TURKISH MIND AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP  

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Full Text Available In this study sui generis characteristic of Turkish way of thinking in creative process was investigated under the topic of Turkish Mind. This study aim to provide first, a critical review of the rudiments on mind and innovation related to society. Later section will focus on the concept of entrepreneurship and its development that evaluated according to Turks. The paper ends with a discussion of the potentials of Turkish Mind in open innovation models.

Serkan GÜNE?

2010-12-01

199

Conceptualizing Forgiveness, Granting Forgiveness, and Seeking Forgiveness: A Turkish-French Comparison  

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The study examined the validity of the Turkish versions of three forgiveness-related questionnaires: the Conceptualizations of Forgiveness Questionnaire, the Forgivingness Questionnaire, and the Disposition to Seek Forgiveness Questionnaire. These questionnaires were translated from English to Turkish. The study also compared Turkish and French participants’ scores on these scales. The sample comprised 252 students living in Turkey and 216 students living in France. The four-factor model...

Asli Bugay; Etienne Mullet

2013-01-01

200

Impact of the Headscarf Ban Policy on the Identity Development of Part-Time Unveilers in Turkish Higher Education  

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This qualitative study examines the impact of the Turkish higher education headscarf ban policy on the plural self-identities (i.e., as Turkish citizens, as Muslims, and as females) of part-time unveilers, female students who cover their hair in their private life but who remove the headscarf (or conceal it to appear unveiled) while at a Turkish…

Seggie, Fatma Nevra; Austin, Ann E.

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

The Analyze of Teachers’ Responsibility Beliefs for Student Academic Successes and Failures (The Sample of Turkish Biology Teachers  

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Full Text Available This study was prepared to analyze biology teachers’ responsibility beliefs for student academic successes and failures in terms of different variables. The data were collected with Teachers’ Responsibility for Student Achievement Scale, Teachers’ Sense of Self-efficacy Scale, The Scale of Attitudes toward Teaching Profession and open-ended interview questionnaire. For the data analysis, descriptive statistics, one-way variance analysis (ANOVA, independent groups t-test and Pearson Correlation Coefficient were used. On the other hand, the data collected through open-ended interviews were subject to content analysis. While teachers’ responsibility beliefs is not significant in terms gender, teachers’ sense of self-efficacy and teachers’ attitudes toward teaching profession, there is significant results in terms of length of service and student numbers in their classrooms. There are average, positive and significant relations between teachers’ responsibility beliefs for student success and years experience, size of classrooms, perception of self-efficacy in teaching profession and attitudes toward teaching profession.© 2013 IOJES. All rights reserved

Hakan Kurt

2013-08-01

202

Examination of Turkish Students' Opinions Related to Values in the Example of Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Turkey  

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Reflecting effective and psychomotor skills to teaching environment are as important as cognitive skills in learning process. In this context, values are important to develop skills in affective domain. In this study, the opinions of the students who have been studying in three different countries (Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Turkey) were aimed to be…

Tasdemir, Adem

2012-01-01

203

A Cross-Cultural Study of ICT Competency, Attitude and Satisfaction of Turkish, Polish and Czech University Students  

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Due to various factors, countries begin to have different levels of information and communication technologies (ICT) and they have their own unique culture of ICT usage. This case appears interesting especially when we consider university students' proficiency, attitudes and satisfaction in use of ICT. The purpose of this study is to examine the…

Dincer, Serkan; Sahinkayasi, Yunis

2011-01-01

204

Body Image Satisfaction in Turkish Adolescents.  

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Examined body image satisfaction in Turkish adolescents. Findings from 269 female and 286 male secondary school students revealed that males were more satisfied with their bodies than were females, early-maturing males and late-maturing females had higher levels of body image satisfaction, and participants in physical activities were more…

Cok, Figen

1990-01-01

205

Anxiety in Gifted Female Students in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

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This study seeks to identify the extent of anxiety among gifted girls in Saudi Arabia and, further, to determine whether differences in anxiety levels exist according to grade. The study sample consisted of 66 female 6th and 7th graders, 11 to 14 years old, attending public school enrichment programs for gifted students in Jeddah Province, Saudi…

Aljughaiman, Abdullah; Tan, Mei

2009-01-01

206

Turkey: Turkish Naval Industry.  

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It is critically important for Turkey to maintain sea border security against various types of threats and it is the mission of the Turkish Navy to contribute to Turkish defense policy by developing and maintaining a modern naval force in Turkey and abroa...

O. Cirika

2008-01-01

207

The Impact of the Explicit Reflective Approach in Teaching the Nature of Science upon Turkish Students' Perceptions of Science  

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Full Text Available How to teach science and how to train scientists are among frequently debated issues today. In this respect, many science teaching curricula have been developed and implemented in Turkey. It is observed that activities aimed at teaching the nature of science are included in curricula. In this study, the effectiveness of the explicit reflective approach, which is one of the methods employed in teaching the nature of science. The study was carried out in an elementary school selected from the city of K?r?kkale. The semi-experimental design was used in the research. As the data collection instrument, the “Views of Nature of Science Questionnaire” (VNOS-E developed by Lederman et al. (2002 was employed in the study. The findings obtained were analyzed using the content analysis method, which is among qualitative data analysis techniques. In conclusion, it was observed that the explicit reflective approach had positive effects in improving students’ views of nature of science.

Murat DEM?RBAS

2012-08-01

208

Cyberbullying in Turkish Middle Schools: An Exploratory Study  

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This study explored Turkish students' experience of cyberbullying and their use of social networking tools. A total of 756 7th-grade students participated from eight different middle schools in Istanbul, the largest city of Turkey. A 15-item questionnaire was used in a classroom environment to collect data. Results revealed that male students were…

Yilmaz, Harun

2011-01-01

209

Turkish Media Elites  

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Full Text Available The media is one of the most important institutions in society. It is a reality that media play very substantial role in the production and social distribution of knowledge. In addition to that, mass media provides the greatest communication opportunities to the people. Also, contemporary media provides very distinctive weapons to obtain power, wealth and prestige in the society. If media owners and elites are so powerful, the identification of media elites is of great importance. Hence, this study aims to analyse contemporary Turkish media: A full picture of Turkish media elites in terms of important social, political and demographic indicators will be given in this paper. The managers, editors, influential columnists and reporters of major Turkish media elites are defined as Turkish media elites. Firstly, the paper will focuse on the demographic peculiarities of Turkish media elites. Secondly, the educational background and family structure of Turkish media elites will be examined. Then, social origins and other social characteristics of Contemporary Turkish media elites will be investigated.

D. Ali Arslan

2008-07-01

210

Parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality among Turkish college students / Türk üniversite ö?rencileri aras?nda cinsellikle ilgili konularda anne ve babayla ileti?im ve alg?lanan anne baba tutumlar?  

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Full Text Available ABSTRACTThis current study was conducted to examine parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality with respect to gender among Turkish college students. Moreover, attitudes toward premarital sexuality with respect to gender were explored. A demographic data form, premarital sexual permissiveness scale, parental communication about sexuality scale and parental attitudes about sexuality scale were administered to 366 (217 female and 148 male college students, aged 18 to 26. The results indicated that females held more conservative premarital sexual attitudes than males; females talked to their mothers, while males talked to their fathers more about sexuality issues. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that gender was significant on the perceived maternal attitudes about sexuality, whereas perceived paternal attitudes about sexuality were not found to be significant with respect to gender. Future research is needed to explore variables that may contribute to the differences in parental communication and perceived parental attitudes about sexuality.

Nursel TOPKAYA

2012-12-01

211

Return intentions of university-educated Turkish expatriates  

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The study presents research findings on the return intentions of Turkish professionals residing abroad, where the targeted group comprises individuals working at a full time job abroad and possessing a tertiary-level degree. The data are obtained from an internet survey of Turkish professionals conducted by the authors during the first half of 2002. A total of 1224 usable responses were obtained from a combination of internet search and referral sampling methods. Student non-return appears to...

Gu?ngo?r, Nil Demet; Tansel, Aysit

2005-01-01

212

A REV?EW ON SCIENTIFIC EPISTEMOLOGICAL BELIEFS OF TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES  

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The purpose of this study is to determine scientific epistemological beliefs of Turkish teacher candidates. In this research, we used survey method. In this study, 117 selected students by easily accessible sampling techniques participated from department of Turkish education, Faculty of Education of Atatürk University. “Scientific Epistemological Beliefs Survey” adapted in Turkish by Acat, Tüken and Karada? (2010) was used to collect the data. The collected data of the study analyzed ...

2012-01-01

213

Greek Cypriot attitudes toward Turkish Cypriots and Turkish immigrants.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors examined the attitudes of 106 Greek Cypriots toward Turkish Cypriots and Turkish immigrants on Cyprus. The authors examined Greek Cypriot attitudes, willingness to cohabit with Turkish Cypriots and Turkish immigrants, and the reasons behind their attitudes in terms of their social-identity perceptions, victimization experiences, and human-rights concerns. A series of repeated measures analyses of variance showed that Greek Cypriots were more willing to cohabit with and had less negative attitudes toward Turkish Cypriots than they were with and toward Turkish immigrants. Women felt more victimized by Turkish Cypriots and Turkish immigrants than did men. Perceived differences in social identity predicted unwillingness to cohabit with Turkish Cypriots. Feelings of victimization predicted negative attitudes toward Turkish Cypriots. Differences in social identity and victimization experiences predicted unwillingness to cohabit with Turkish immigrants. Differences in social identity predicted negative attitudes toward Turkish immigrants. The authors discussed the findings in terms of support for realistic group conflict theories of attitudes and their implications for the coexistence of these ethnic groups in Cyprus and of other ethnic groups in multicultural societies. PMID:16894701

Danielidou, Liana; Horvath, Peter

2006-08-01

214

An International Perspective on Active Citizenship among Lower Secondary Students. Concepts and Measures Developed for the IEA Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS)  

Science.gov (United States)

The new IEA "International Civic and Citizenship Education Study" (ICCS) will investigate the extent to which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens across a range of countries. ICCS will survey 13-to-14-year old students in over 30 countries in the year 2009. The ICCS outcome data will be obtained from representative…

Schulz, Wolfram

2007-01-01

215

Correlation between Fitness and Fatness in 6-14-year Old Serbian School Children  

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Lack of physical activity and/or physical fitness are some reasons epidemiologists suggest for increase in childhood obesity in the last 20 years, with clear correlation between body composition and physical activity and/or physical fitness yet to be determined. The objectives of the study were to (a) investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Serbian school children and (b) determine the relationship between indicators of physical activity and body fatness in Serbian school c...

Ostojic, Sergej M.; Stojanovic, Marko D.; Stojanovic, Vladan; Maric, Jelena; Njaradi, Nenad

2011-01-01

216

Quality of Life in Under-14-Year-Old Children After Adenotonsillectomy  

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Introduction: Tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy is one of the most frequent surgical procedures especially in children. Several indications and contraindications have been suggested for this procedure. The benefits and the negative results of this operation have been studied by different researchers; nevertheless, to date, it is still a common procedure. The main purpose of this study is to obtain extensive information on the outcomes of adenotonsillectomy, according to the patient'...

Fathollah Behnoud; Saadat Torabian

2010-01-01

217

Quality of Life in Under-14-Year-Old Children After Adenotonsillectomy  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy is one of the most frequent surgical procedures especially in children. Several indications and contraindications have been suggested for this procedure. The benefits and the negative results of this operation have been studied by different researchers; nevertheless, to date, it is still a common procedure. The main purpose of this study is to obtain extensive information on the outcomes of adenotonsillectomy, according to the patient's physical, emotional and behavioral changes and also on the overall changes in his/her quality of life (QOL. Materials and Methods: All the children, aged 1-14, referred to the Besat Hospital clinics (Hamadan, Iran between March 2008 and March 2009 were included in this study. Overall, 86 children with documented indications underwent adenotonsillectomy, and were followed up for one year.  Two modified standard questionnaires for QOL were completed before and one year after the tonsillectomy. Upon the completion of this two-year study, statistical analyses were performed, and the demographic data of the study groups were compared with those of a same-age group. Results: Changes were observed in five main complaints as follow: Acute Recurrent tonsillitis was present in 86 patients preoperatively, but in only three cases postoperatively (pharyngitis. Confirmed chronic sinusitis was present in 24 patients preoperatively, but only in three cases during the year after the surgery. Oral breathing was seen in 82 patients preoperatively, but only in one patient during the year after the surgery. Nocturnal snoring was seen in 83 children preoperatively, but in 25 cases during the year after the surgery. Halitosis was present in 71 patients, while and halitosis was seen in 27 during the year after the surgery. Conclusion: Overall, the majority of the parameters studied showed significant differences after surgery.

Fathollah Behnoud

2010-10-01

218

STUDY ON DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF COMBATIVITY OF JUDOKA 11-14 YEARS OLD  

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Full Text Available Given the purpose of the research and the expectations, we formulated the following hypotheses: 1. Combativity is a component of the mental capacity that promotes / limits athletic performance in judo. 2. In the preparatory process the combativity is an independent variable of the mental capacity. To conduct this research we used the questionnaire method. Thus we developed a questionnaire entitled "Questionnaire for discovering the combative spirit level", which contains 25 questions. The questionnaire was applied to a sample of 12 judo athletes aged 11 to 14 years, which is the experimental group of the present research and who are legitimated at Royal Judo Club Bac?u. The implementation of a strategy to optimize the combativity of judoka 11-14 years at the experimental level, ended with good results and was reflected in the evolution of the judoka, achieving good and very good results in the competitive period.

Sava Mihai Adrian

2014-03-01

219

The development of clear speech strategies in 9-14 year olds  

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This study investigated the development of global clear speech strategies of child talkers. Two groups of 20 talkers aged 9-10 (children) and 13-14 (teens) were recorded in pairs while they carried out spot the difference picture tasks, either hearing each other normally (NB condition) or with one talker hearing the other via a three-channel noise vocoder (VOC condition). Acoustic-phonetic analyses focused on the talker having to overcome the communication barrier. Data were compared to those...

2013-01-01

220

A 14-year-old girl with an unusual combination of incontinentia pigmenti and conversion disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

Incontinentia pigmenti is a rare X-linked neurological-skin genetic disease. Some studies have shown that about 30~40% of patients with IP have varying symptoms of eye/central nervous system which are the major causes of disability. Conversion disorder is one of the most common mental diseases in children and may exhibit the single or multiple neurological symptoms. In this paper, we will report a child with new and rare incontinentia pigmenti accompanied by conversion disorder and explore the relationship of this rare combination.

Wang, Yan; Chen, Yihui; Wang, Qiaoshu; Wang, Guodong; Guo, Chunni; Wang, Feng; Deng, Xiaolei; Wang, Weizhen

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Asymptomatic intracardiac mass in a 14-year-old girl with granulomatosis with polyangiitis: Case report  

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Full Text Available Abstract Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA; Wegener’s granulomatosis is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis of unknown etiology that commonly involves the upper airways, lungs, and kidneys. Cardiac involvement with an intracardiac mass is an exceedingly rare manifestation of this disease, especially in the pediatric population where, to our knowledge, only one article exists to date that has described such a finding. In this report, we present the case of an adolescent female who initially presented with renal failure and an intracardiac mass. Subsequent work-up led to a diagnosis of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA. Cardiac manifestations in pediatric GPA are not common; however, they may be more prevalent than reported given recent adult literature and concern for clinically silent abnormalities.

Harris Julia G

2012-04-01

222

Turkish Primary School Teachers' Opinions about Problem Posing  

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Problem posing is one of the most important topics in a mathematics education. Through problem posing, students gain mathematical abilities and concepts and teachers can evaluate their students and arrange adequate learning environments. The aim of the present study is to investigate Turkish primary school teachers' opinions about problem…

Kilic, Cigdem

2013-01-01

223

Cyber Bullying @ Schools: What Do Turkish Adolescents Think?  

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Cyber bullying is an emerging form of peer bullying, becoming prominent especially over the past decade. The aim of this study was to investigate through interviews the perceptions of Turkish high school students about cyber bullying. The sample consisted of six male and one female high school students all aged 15 years who identified as being…

Topcu, Cigdem; Yildirim, Ali; Erdur-Baker, Ozgur

2013-01-01

224

Problems in Teaching Tenses to Turkish Learners  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study focuses on the problems in teaching tenses to Turkish students at university level in Turkey. Some of the problematic and confusing tenses such as Past Simple and Present Perfect Tense, Present Continuous and Present Simple, Past Simple and Past Continuous Tense Teaching grammar have been handled throughout this study with the data obtained from the written exams of the learners. Most frequently occurred errors have been listed and they have been analyzed in detail. The findings re...

?smail Çak?r

2011-01-01

225

Perceptions of Preservice Teachers regarding the Integration of Information and Communication Technologies in Turkish Education Faculties  

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This study explored the views of pre-service teachers regarding the indicators of information and communication technologies (ICT) at Turkish education faculties. A cross-sectional survey design was implemented with graduating students enrolled in Turkish education faculties. A combination of stratified random sampling and systematic sampling was…

Akbulut, Yavuz; Odabasi, H. Ferhan; Kuzu, Abdullah

2011-01-01

226

Translation and Validation of the Epistemic Belief Inventory with Turkish Pre-Service Teachers  

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The purpose of this study was to translate the original version of the Epistemic Belief Inventory developed by Schraw, Bendixen, and Dunkle (2002) for pre-service teachers in a Turkish context and validate its construct. Studies on the epistemological beliefs of Turkish students have been heretofore limited in number and have been largely…

Cam, Aylin; Topcu, Mustafa Sami; Sulun, Yusuf; Guven, Gokhan; Arabacioglu, Sertac

2012-01-01

227

Influence of Students’ Understanding and Goal Commitment on Academic Achievement in Introductory Technology in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria  

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The study examined the influence of students’ understanding and goal commitment on their academic achievement in Introductory Technology in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. An ex-post facto survey design was used and a random sample of 2,500 junior secondary three (13-14 years old) students from a population of 48,302 JSS three students in the state public schools in 2008/2009 session. Data on independent variables were gathered with researchers – developed instrument called...

Akpan, Godwin A.; Mbaba, Uduak G.; Udofia, Aniefiok E.

2012-01-01

228

Internet use among Turkish adolescents.  

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The aim of this study was to investigate Internet use habits and problematic Internet use (PIU) in Turkish adolescents. Participants were 3,975 undergraduate students, 7.6% of whom used the Internet for more than 12 hours weekly. The Online Cognition Scale (OCS) was used. The most common purpose for using the Internet was playing games, followed by general information search. Female users mostly preferred searching for general information; male users preferred playing games (p game was violent games. While preference for strategy and fantasy role-play (FRP) games increased with age, preference for other games decreased (p violent games, followed by FRP, strategy, and sports and motor racing games. Computers and the Internet are useful, important inventions, but like other inventions, if used improperly, they may be harmful. Risk of harm raises concerns about who should use the Internet and computers, and where, when, and why the Internet and computers should be used. PMID:18785800

Tahiroglu, Aysegul Yolga; Celik, Gonca G; Uzel, Mehtap; Ozcan, Neslihan; Avci, Ayse

2008-10-01

229

Conceptualizing Forgiveness, Granting Forgiveness, and Seeking Forgiveness: A Turkish-French Comparison  

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Full Text Available The study examined the validity of the Turkish versions of three forgiveness-related questionnaires: the Conceptualizations of Forgiveness Questionnaire, the Forgivingness Questionnaire, and the Disposition to Seek Forgiveness Questionnaire. These questionnaires were translated from English to Turkish. The study also compared Turkish and French participants’ scores on these scales. The sample comprised 252 students living in Turkey and 216 students living in France. The four-factor model of conceptualization of forgiveness, the three-factor model of forgivingness, and the three-factor model of disposition to seek forgiveness were shown to hold in a Turkish sample of students. The associations observed in previous studies between several subscales of these questionnaires were also found in the Turkish sample, thus providing additional evidence of the construct validity of the Turkish versions. Finally, it was shown that (a the unconditional forgiveness and unconditional seeking of forgiveness mean scores were lower among the Turkish participants than among the French participants, and (b the sensitivity to circumstances scores were higher among the Turkish participants than among the French participants.

Asli Bugay

2013-10-01

230

Atatürk, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti ve Türkçe Devrimi (Atatürk, Turkish Republic and Reform of Turkish  

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Full Text Available Atatürk, Turkish Republic and Reform of Turkish Bases of Research:Principles and reform of Atatürk, Turkish Reform, authors and works of Atatürk1» and after Atatürk's period connected with Turkish Language Association.Purpose of the ResearchPurpose of this study exposes effects of secularisation process (closing dervish lodge and zaviye, unity of education, taken out of caliphate, began from 1925 in State of Turkish Republic founded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk's leadership, on the accepted new Turkish alphabet and efforts of purify Turkish Language. Besides, this study explains missions of Turkish Language Association in favor of Turkish Reform in strengthening bases of laic and democratic Turkish Republic and using of Turkish as a science and education language by means of most characteristic of Turkish Reform. This study claimed that Turkish Reform bases on Turkish people despised in the past advocates Turkish Reform agree directly with idea of republic and constructed on democratic attitude.Resources of Data:Turkish Reform, Turkish Language and authors and works of Atatürk's and after Atatürk's period connected with Turkish Language Association.Main Discussion:Secularization process (closing dervish lodge and zaviye, unity of education, taken out of caliphate, began from 1925 effects accepted new Turkish alphabet and efforts of purify Turkish Language. Turkish Language Association takes on important missions in strengthening bases of laic and democratic Turkish Republic and using of Turkish as a science and education language.Conclusions:Secularization process (closing dervish lodge and zaviye, unity of education, taken out of caliphate, began from 1925 effects accepted new Turkish alphabet and efforts of purify Turkish Language in State of Turkish Republic. Turkish Language Association in favor ofTurkish Reform takes on important missions in strengthening bases of laic and democratic Turkish Republic and using ofTurkish as a science and education language.

Mustafa Öner

2007-06-01

231

THE PERSPECTIVES OF THE STUDENTS ON TURKISH LANGUAGE, LITERATURE AND CULTURE STUDING TURKOLOGY IN EUROPE: SAMPLE OF FRANCE INALCO AVRUPA’DA TÜRKOLOJ? Ö?REN?M? GÖREN Ö?RENC?LER?NTÜRK D?L?, EDEB?YATI ve KÜLTÜRÜNE ?L??K?N GÖRÜ?LER?: FRANSA INALCO ÖRNE??  

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Full Text Available The research comes out of the seek for the answer of the question that what are the points of view of the students having Turkish language education at foreign universities for Turkish language, literature, history, culture and why have they selected the Turcology department for their studies. By following these questions, the aim of this research is; evaluating the opinion of the students of Eurasian Turkish Studies programme of National Institute of Oriental Languages and Civilizations located in Paris (Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales: INALCO. The study is conducted by using descriptive scanning model on the autumn semester of 2010-2011 academic year. All datas about the opinions of the students continuing Turkish Language and Literature are collected by fifteen open-ended questions. Ara?t?rman?n ortaya ç?k?? nedeni, yurt d???nda Türk dilinin okutuldu?u üniversitelerde ö?renim gören ö?rencilerin Türk diline, edebiyat?na, tarihine, kültürüne yönelik bak?? aç?lar?na, neden Türkoloji bölümünü seçtiklerine dair yan?t aramakt?r. Bu sorulardan hareketle gerçekle?tirilen ara?t?rmada amaç, Do?u Dilleri ve Medeniyetleri Enstitüsü (Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales: INALCO Avrasya Türklük Ara?t?rmalar? Bölümünde ö?renim gören ö?rencilerin, Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? hakk?ndaki görü?lerini de?erlendirmektir. Betimsel tarama modeli kullan?larak gerçekle?tirilen çal??ma, 2010-2011 e?itim ö?retim y?l? güz döneminde gerçekle?tirilmi?tir. Türkoloji bölümüne devam eden ö?rencilerin Türk Dili, Edebiyat? hakk?ndaki görü?leri ile ilgili veriler on be? aç?k uçlu soru arac?l???yla elde edilmi?tir.

?smet ÇET?N

2012-01-01

232

An Investigation of School Violence through Turkish Children's Drawings  

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This study investigates Turkish children's perception of violence in school as represented through drawings and narratives. In all, 66 students (12 to 13 years old) from the middle socioeconomic class participated. To elicit children's perception of violence, they were asked to draw a picture of a violent incident they had heard, experienced, or…

Yurtal, Filiz; Artut, Kazim

2010-01-01

233

Parenting Styles and Life Satisfaction of Turkish Adolescents  

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This study examined adolescents' perception of satisfaction from various life domains according to gender and parenting styles among 562 Turkish adolescents [53.2% girls; Mean (M) age = 14.1, Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.85]. The participants completed the multidimensional students' life satisfaction scale and the parenting style inventory. The…

Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya

2012-01-01

234

"Why Didn't They Teach Us Any of This before?": Youth Appraisal of Turkish Provision in Victoria  

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This article examines youth assessment of the quality and success of languages provision. The discussion draws on data collected from students and graduates of Victoria's 16 secondary Turkish programs in large-scale surveys (n=858) and follow-up interviews (n=177). Surveys revealed that upper secondary Turkish classrooms serve predominantly…

Beykont, Zeynep F.

2012-01-01

235

Examining the Underlying Values of Turkish and German Mathematics Teachers' Decision Making Processes in Group Studies  

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The purpose of this study was to explore the values underlying the decision-making processes in group studies for Turkish and German mathematics teachers. This study presented a small part of a wider study investigating German and Turkish mathematics teachers' and their students' values (Values in Mathematics Teaching in Turkey and…

Dede, Yuksel

2013-01-01

236

Readability of Texts Turkish Textbooks in Grades 5  

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Full Text Available Quality of textbooks and according to level of the students are great importance. The purpose of this research is to measure readability level of texts in 5th grade Turkish textbooks. For this, Ate?man and Uzun-Çetinkaya’s readability formulas was used. In 5th grade Turkish text books average word and sentence length, readability level of difficulty and it tried to determine radability level of difficulity to change of narrative and expository. The research was designed in survey research. The sample of the study is published by the Ministry of Education, Koza Publications, Ada Press, Engin Publications and Özgün Publications 5th grade Turkish textbooks, 100 text. The results obtained after applying formulas, each two relative to were analyzed. According to the results of the study determined that the narrative easier than expository in terms of readability.

Alpaslan OKUR

2013-08-01

237

Postmaterialism, new environmental paradigm and ecocentric approach: A qualitative and quantitative study of environmental attitudes of Turkish senior high school students  

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The present study aims to elucidate the determinant factors that affect environmental attitudes (EA) of senior high school students in Turkey and the origins of these EAs. Over nine hundred students from different school types, neighborhoods, geographical regions, social-economic backgrounds participated in the questionnaire based surveys which are called the New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) and the General Attitudes and Perceptions (GAP), and twenty of those students were interviewed as well. Survey results show that EAs of students vary depending on school type, gender, parents' education levels and professions, and household income. Normal public high school students, females, lower-middle class students, students with well educated parents in white collar professions, and student with liberal parents have more pro-environmental attitudes than the others. With regard to school type, students from public technical high school (vocational school), almost all of which are based on single-sex education, have scored the lowest on both surveys which are the NEP and the GAP. The results from the qualitative portion are as follows: Students' perceptions about the environment and related issues are limited to their local habitat. Although the mean scores of students on both surveys do not differ to a statistically significant extent depending on geographical regions, interviews show that participants from different regions have distinct priorities, which range from poverty to sea pollution. Even though students' first priority in their lives is education, education is perceived as a mechanism to achieve a more prosperous life rather than an end in itself. Almost all interview participants agree on the importance of education in shaping EAs. Interestingly, some interviewees (four out of ten males) also comment that a man's sense of his own masculinity can be threatened when confronted by another man to change his attitude towards the environment.

Taskin, Ozgur

238

An Examination of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2003 Turkish Database with the Aim of Exploring the Relationship between Homework Variables and Mathematics Achievement  

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The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the amount of time spent on homework in all subjects (HTAS), the time spent on mathematics homework (MHT), confidence in doing mathematics homework (HCM) and the mathematics achievement of students in Turkey, based on data from the programme for international student assessment…

Guzeller, Cem Oktay; Akin, Ayca

2011-01-01

239

Examining Psychological Well-Being and Self-Esteem Levels of Turkish Students in Gaining Identity against Role during Conflict Periods  

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In this research, university students' psychological well being and self-esteem levels are investigated in terms of a number of variables. The sample in this study is composed of 382 university students. To gather the data for this study, the Subjective Information Form, Psychological Well-Being Scale and Self-Esteem Scale are used. T tests and…

Isiklar, Abdullah

2012-01-01

240

Some Characteristics of the First Senior Students of the Anadolu University Open Education Faculty in 1985-86 Educational Year. (Turkish Case.) Educational Research Publications No. 010.  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of the 9,949 senior students in the business administration and economics programs of the Open Education Faculty (distance education) was conducted during the 1985-86 school year to obtain information on their social and socioeconomic characteristics. Usable responses were received from 8,382 students. The questionnaire sought information…

Demiray, Ugur

 
 
 
 
241

Cartoons as a Teaching Tool: A Research on Turkish Language Grammar Teaching  

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The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of teaching by utilizing cartoons on student success in the Turkish language courses in primary school secondary level students. Working group of the study consists of 54 students studying in primary state school in Sakarya province Hendek district. In the study, the "Rule and Concept Test on…

Yaman, Havva

2010-01-01

242

A Controlled Evaluation of a School-Based Obesity Prevention in Turkish School Children  

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This research was conducted to assess the effect of a weight management program in Turkish school children with overweight and obesity. Forty one students formed the intervention group while 40 students formed the control group in two elementary schools. Students in intervention group were given seven training sessions in a period of 2.5 months.…

Toruner, Ebru Kilicarslan; Savaser, Sevim

2010-01-01

243

Turkish electricity reform  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Turkish electricity reform has progressed slowly due to internal resistance against privatisation, and gained momentum after Electricity Market Law of 2001, prepared in line with EU Energy Acquis and established required institutional and legal framework. Although the eligibility threshold has reached 39% market opening rate, the dominant position of public both as owner and decision-maker is still the major problem in the sector. Currently Turkey is self-sufficient in electricity, but likely to face shortages in 10 years if the growing demand is not met by either speeding the liberalisation process, or joining the South East Europe Electricity Market. (author)

Bagdadioglu, Necmiddin [Department of Public Finance, Hacettepe University, 06800 Ankara (Turkey); Odyakmaz, Necmi [E.ON Holding, Armada Business Centre, 06520 Ankara (Turkey)

2009-03-15

244

Sociological analysis of contemporary Turkish political elites  

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Full Text Available This study was designed to find general characteristics of Contemporary Turkish political Elites since 1995 up to date. Social background characteristics were employed to realise the purposes. Documentary and historical research techniques were used during the study. As a result of examining the Contemporary Turkish political elites (since 1995 up to 2005 these major findings were discovered: the large majority of the Turkish parliamentary elites were well educated, male, middle aged, married and with a small family size. Also, more than 25 percent of Turkish Elites are trader and businessmen. Moreover the size of the groups of lawyers, civil bureaucrats and managers, educators and free professions was also meaningful. Contemporary Turkish political elites have exhibited an elitist character as compared with Turkish society, but this elitist character and male domination has begun to change in recent years. Keywords: Democracy, Elite, Elite Theory, Power, Turkish Elites, Turkish Political Elites, Contemporary Turkish Political Elites

D. Ali Arslan

2007-03-01

245

?lkö?retim 5. S?n?f Türkçe Ders Kitab?ndaki Deyim Varl???n?n Ö?rencilerin Al?c? Söz Varl???na Katk?s? The Effect of Idioms in Primary Education 5. Grade Turkish Course Book on Students Receptive Vocabulary  

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Full Text Available The mother tongue is the first acquired language by individuals infamily and the society they born. While the family and inner circle areeffective in teaching mother tongue until the school age, by the way ofeducational institutions this teaching becomes more systematic.In Turkey primary schools are the leading institutions undertakesmother tongue teaching. These schools try to teach word attack skillsby predetermined programs and course books. According to PrimaryEducation Turkish program by means of the language education,students should have enough reading and listening skills to understandwhat they read and listen, and have enough speaking and writing skillsto express their needs, emotions and ideas.Turkish course book is an important means to develop student’slanguage skills. In Turkey for a lot of students writing activities islimited with texts in the course books. Thus the text in course booksshould represent Turkish vocabulary in every respect. The idioms,which express concepts and some certain situations withmetaphorically, are the intangible parts of the Turkish culture. Theseimportant components should be taught to children systematically.The 5. Grade students are regarded at the beginning of formaloperation as of cognitive development. This period is ideal to teachidioms and make these idioms permanent in their receptive vocabulary.But which idioms teach initially isn’t indicated obviously in TurkishCurriculum.In this study, ascertaining the idioms in Turkish course book(2012 and evaluation of them in terms of their being idiom process.Moreover the contribution of these idioms (according to their type totexts in Turkish course book will be discussed. Ana dili, bireyin içinde do?up büyüdü?ü aile ya da toplum çevresinde ilk ö?rendi?i dildir. Ana dili ö?retiminde aile ve yak?n çevre okul ça??na kadar etkili olurken, e?itim kurumlar? arac?l???yla ana dili ö?retimi daha sistemli bir hâl al?r.Türkiye’de ilkö?retim okullar?, ana dili ö?retimini üstlenen e?itim kurumlar?n?n ba??nda gelir. Bu okullar, ö?rencilere belirlenmi? bir program üzerinden ders kitaplar? arac?l???yla dilin anlama ve anlatma becerilerini kazand?rmaya çal???rlar. ?lkö?retim Türkçe program?na göre ö?renciler, ald?klar? dil e?itimiyle, okuduklar?n? ve dinlediklerini anlayacak kadar okuma ve dinleme becerisi; isteklerini, duygular?n? ve dü?üncelerini anlatacak kadar da konu?ma ve yazma becerisi kazanmal?d?r.Türkçe ders kitab?, ö?rencilerin dil becerilerini geli?tirmelerinde önemli bir araçt?r. Türkiye’de birçok ö?renci için okumaya yönelik etkinlikler sadece ders kitab?ndaki metinlerle s?n?rl?d?r. Bu sebeple kitaplarda yer alacak metinler, Türkçenin söz varl??? ögelerinin iyi ?ekilde yans?t?ld??? metinler olmal?d?r. Kavramlar? ve belli durumlar? mecaz yoluyla anlatan deyimler, Türk kültürünün manevi parçalar?ndan biridir. Sözlü kültürün bu önemli ögeleri, ö?rencilerin söz varl???na sistemli bir ?ekilde kazand?r?lmal?d?r.?lkö?retim 5. s?n?f ö?rencileri bili?sel geli?im olarak soyut dönemin ba??nda de?erlendirilirler. Bu dönem deyimlerin ö?retilmesi, ö?rencilerin al?c? söz varl???na kazand?r?lmas? için ideal zamand?r. Ancak hangi deyimlerin öncelikli olarak ö?retilece?i Türkçe ö?retim program?nda da aç?k olarak belirtilmemi?tir.Bu çal??mada, ?lkö?retim Türkçe 5 Ders Kitab? (2012’nda yer alan deyimlerin tespit edilmesi ve deyimle?me dereceleri bak?m?ndan de?erlendirilmeleri amaçlanm??t?r. Bunun yan?nda, metinlerde derecelerine göre yer alan deyimlerin ö?rencilerin söz varl?klar?na katk?s? üzerinde durulacakt?r.

Mediha MANGIR

2012-12-01

246

The reliability and validity of Self Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH) in a Turkish sample  

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Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the reliability and validity of Self Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH) in a Turkish sample. Methods: The scale items were translated into Turkish by the researchers and three specialists who have good knowledge of both languages. The scale was translated back by two specialists, and experts opinions from different fields were consulted on the properness of the phrases. The scale was pre-administered to 40 university students. The scale was adm...

2013-01-01

247

The Adaptation of the Adolescent Food Habit Checklist to the Turkish Adolescents.  

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Background: Adolescent Food Habit Checklist (AFHC) is an instrument designed to measure eating behaviours of adolescents. The aim of the study was to adapt AFHC for the Turkish cultural settings and evaluate its? reliability and construct validity. Methods: Forward and backward translations were carried out and Turkish version of the AFHC was generated. AFHC was administered to 347 students attending second grade primary school. Validity and reliability analyses were used for the asses...

Inci Arikan; Ayse Esra Aksu; Selma Metintas; Cemalettin Kalyoncu

2012-01-01

248

LEARNERS’ VIEWS ON THE TEACHING OF TURKISH AS A MOTHER TONGUE IN GERMANY  

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Full Text Available The concept of mother tongue in foreign countries refers to the native language that immigrants bring to and speak in the countries to which they have migrated. This language is usually used by immigrant groups and passed on to subsequent generations through the act of speaking in the immigrant families themselves. Within the context of the modern history of immigration, it is observable that immigrants both make efforts to transfer the standard form of their language (including its written form from generation to generation and to establish schools and other units for that purpose. Since the mid-twentieth-century, formal educational institutions in Western countries permitting immigration have actively been interested in the teaching of the mother tongue of immigrants.The overall objective of this paper is to analyze the structure of Turkish courses in the Federal Republic of Germany and Turkish students’ views on these courses. Turkish -as a language spoken by 5 million people in many countries of Western Europe- occupies a preeminent position among the minority languages. Unfortunately, Turkish does not receive the attention it deserves. In the European Union countries, and in line with prevailing understandings of minority rights, more than two million children and young people in schools are supposed to receive a good education in the Turkish language. However, only limited facilities exist in most of these countries to achieve that goalAs a relational survey method, this research is based on the analysis of Turkish immigrant students' perceptions/views on the Turkish language with respect to some variables. It includes immigrant students of Turkish origin (students in the age group of 11-18 years, of the 5th-12th grade who live in various states of Germany (Baden-Wurtemberg, Lower Saxony, Bremen, Hamburg and Berlin. The sample consists of 580 students (of the same age and grade selected through random cluster sampling approach. In this research, two questionnaires are used by the researcher in order to determine some demographic characteristics and perceptions/views of students on the Turkish language.Perceptions/views of students on Turkish language are primarily portrayed as percentage-frequency and cross tables; the dependence of these perceptions/views on demographic variables are then controlled via chi-square analysis and finally the results are interpreted within the context of research hypotheses.

Cemal YILDIZ

2013-01-01

249

Adaptation of Instructional Materials Motivation Survey to Turkish: A Validity and Reliability Study  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to adapt “Instructional Materials Motivation Survey [IMMS]”, developed by J. M. Keller, to Turkish and investigate validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the survey. The original version of the survey was composed of 36 items gathered under four factors (attention, relevance, confidence, satisfaction. The survey was translated into Turkish. Views of 15 faculty members who were expert in Turkish and foreign language were sought in terms of correctness of meaning in Turkish and integrity of items into culture of Turkish education system. Turkish version of the survey was administered to total of 262 university students from Education Faculties of Ataturk and Erzincan Universities. The item-total correlations were calculated, and items which had negative or low correlation with the total survey score (r<.30 were excluded from the survey. The construct validity of the survey was examined by exploratory factor analysis. Varimax rotation technique was used due to the separation into irrelevant factors. Finally the survey was constructed from 24 item gathered under two factors. The reliability coefficient (Cronbach Alpha for the whole survey was calculated as 0.83, and 0.79 and 0.69 for the two sub-factors respectively.

Hülya Kutu

2011-06-01

250

Quantitative Developments in Turkish Higher Education since 1933  

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Full Text Available In this study, quantitative developments in Turkish higher education during the Republic period from 1933, when the first university was established, to date are tried to be demonstrated. In parallel with this purpose, first, establishment dates of universities, number of universities by years as well as number of universities established during the periods of each presidents of Turkish Council of Higher Education are listed. Also, spread to all provinces as of 2008, the distribution of the number of universities with regard to provinces is given. On the other hand, development of Turkish higher education by years is examined by using several quantitative indicators about higher education. Thus, number of students in higher education, total number of academic staffs as well as those with PhD, improvement in the number of students per academic staff and higher education gross enrollment rates by years are shown. Furthermore, especially for big provinces in Turkey (Ankara, ?stanbul and ?zmir number of universities, number of students in higher education and higher education gross enrollment rates are provided. Distribution of higher education students according to higher education institutions, higher education programs and education types in 2011 is presented as well as distribution of academic staffs according to higher education institutions and information about their academic positions. In addition, quantitative data about higher education bachelor and associate degrees (numbers of programs types, programs, quotas and placed students in 2010 is given. Finally, the position of Turkish higher education in the world with respect to the number of academic publications and the change in the number of academic publications per staff by years are analyzed.

Asl? GÜNAY

2011-01-01

251

Turkish: A Guide to the Spoken Language.  

Science.gov (United States)

This Turkish phrasebook is intended as a guide to pronunciation and useful words and phrases. All entries are given first in English, followed by the Turkish word in simplified English phonetic spelling, with the Turkish spelling in parentheses. The "Useful Words and Phrases," dealing with subjects such as directions, greetings, numbers and…

Department of Defense, Washington, DC.

252

The Rise Of English Teaching ?n Turkish Curriculum  

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Full Text Available It has become a neccessity that individuals and indirectly the countries must know a foreign language to carry forward their international relations in social, political and economic fields. In today’s world English is extensively taught in many countries as a second language and among the reasons of this, some commercial, culturel and social reasons can be expressed. It has been stated that English is international science language as well as the language of mass communication like computer and television and there is no doubt that at the present day the global language is English. This paper discusses how and why English language has become very popular in Turkish educational system while historically French was the most dominant language in Turkish curriculum during the Otoman Period and in the Republican era. German has also been taught along with French and English in Turkish schools for a considerable period of time. However, in early 1980’s French and German languages have dropped from the curriculum and English has become the most prominent foreign language that has been taught in the nation’s schools and in many cases French and German have been made as elective courses to be taken by a few students. In short, this study investigates the historical developments of foreign languages especially English in Turkish curriculum.

Hümeyra TÜRED?

2010-12-01

253

How do Turkish High School Graduates Use the Wave Theory of Light to Explain Optics Phenomena?  

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This research was intended to investigate whether Turkish students who had graduated from high school used the wave theory of light properly in explaining optical phenomena. The survey method was used in this research. The data, which were collected from 175 first year university students in Turkey, were analysed quantitatively and qualitatively.…

Sengoren, S. K.

2010-01-01

254

Second-Generation Turkish Youth in Europe: Explaining the Academic Disadvantage in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland  

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This investigation examines the role of students' home and school variables in producing the achievement gap between second-generation Turkish students and their native peers in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Using the data from PISA 2006, this study supports past findings that both home and school resources affect the educational outcomes of…

Song, Steve

2011-01-01

255

Effectiveness of Learning Strategies over Reading Comprehension, Writing Skills and Learners’ Attitudes towards Turkish Course  

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Full Text Available This study, which attempts to determine the effectiveness of learning strategies on reading comprehension, writing skills and learners’ attitudes towards theirTurkish course, was carried out by the controlled pre/posttest model of the experimental model. The study subjects were 5-A and 5-B groups attending Ahmet Olcay Primary School throughout 2004-2005 academic year in the fall semester. There were 22 students in the experimental group, 21 students in the control group, totally 43 students participated in this study. Data collection process was achieved through an academic achievement test, developed by the researcher, course materials, structured observation forms and the “Attitude Scale Regarding Turkish Course” developed by Acat (2000. According to the findings of the study: reading comprehension skills, writing skills and attitudes towards the Turkish course were developed via learning strategies.

?. Dilek BELET

2007-01-01

256

Prevalence and Severity of Asthma, Rhinitis, and Atopic Eczema in 13- to 14-Year-Old Schoolchildren from Southern Brazil  

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Full Text Available Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema in schoolchildren from southern Brazil. A cross-sectional study was carried out with the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood phase III written questionnaire. The questionnaire was self-applied by 2,948 randomly selected schoolchildren aged 13 to 14 years. The lifetime prevalence rates of symptoms were as follows: wheezing, 40.8%; rhinitis, 40.7%; eczema, 13.6%; self-reported asthma, 14.6%; rhinitis, 31.4%; eczema, 13.4%. Rhinitis was reported by 55% of adolescents with current asthma (60% females vs 46.9% males. Girls 13 to 14 years of age had higher prevalence rates of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema than boys had. Atopic eczema was reported by 42.7% of girls and 31.4% of boys with asthma. The prevalence rates were statistically significant for symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema in females. However, there were no statistically significant differences between the sexes in regard to reported asthma and bronchospasm induced by exercise.

Neto Arnaldo

2006-03-01

257

Models of Micro-Organisms: Children's Knowledge and Understanding of Micro-Organisms from 7 to 14 Years Old  

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This paper describes the expressed models that children aged 7, 11, and 14 years have about micro-organisms and microbial activity. These were elicited using a variety of data collection techniques that complemented each other, resulting in a rich dataset, and provided information about the level of knowledge and progression of ideas across the…

Byrne, Jenny

2011-01-01

258

Efficacy and quality of life outcomes of oxybutynin for treating palmar hyperhidrosis in children younger than 14 years old.  

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The effects of oxybutynin for treating hyperhidrosis in children are still unknown. Therefore the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of oxybutynin on improving symptoms of hyperhidrosis and quality of life (QOL) in children with palmar hyperhidrosis (PH). Forty-five children ages 7-14 years with PH were evaluated 6 weeks after protocol treatment with oxybutynin. QOL was evaluated before and after treatment using a validated clinical questionnaire. More than 85% of the children with PH treated with oxybutynin experienced moderate or greater improvement in the level of sweating and 80% experienced improvement in QOL. Children who initially presented with very poor QOL were those who benefited most from oxybutynin therapy. Side effects occurred in 25 children (55.5%) and were mainly dry mouth. Only one patient had neurologic symptoms, which was reported as drowsiness. Oxybutynin is an effective treatment option for children with PH because it improves clinical symptoms and QOL. Further studies are required to determine the long-term outcomes of treatment with oxybutynin. PMID:23627681

Wolosker, Nelson; Schvartsman, Claudio; Krutman, Mariana; Campbell, Taiz Pereira Dozono Almeida; Kauffman, Paulo; de Campos, Jose Ribas M; Puech-Leão, Pedro

2014-01-01

259

Prevalence and Predictors of Drooling in 7- to 14-Year-Old Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Population Study  

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Aim: To establish a prevalence estimate for drooling and explore factors associated with drooling in a population sample of children with cerebral palsy (CP) aged 7 to 14 years living in Victoria, Australia. Method: A self-report questionnaire was used to collect data on drooling from parents of children born between 1996 and 2001, and registered…

Reid, Susan M.; McCutcheon, Jennifer; Reddihough, Dinah S.; Johnson, Hilary

2012-01-01

260

Successful closed reduction after adductor tenotomy in a 14-year-old boy with chronic hip dislocation in Down syndrome.  

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Dislocation or subluxation of the hip is considered as the most common hip problem in patients with Down syndrome. Recommended treatment of chronic dislocation treatment is open reduction combined with femoral and/or pelvis osteotomies. We report a Down syndrome child with chronic hip dislocation who was successfully treated with adductor tenotomy and closed reduction, which has not been reported previously. PMID:24445537

Sadeghilar, Aidin; Rashid, Abdul Halim A; Ibrahim, Sharaf

2014-05-01

 
 
 
 
261

Distinct Discrimination Learning Strategies and Their Relation with Spatial Memory and Attentional Control in 4- to 14-Year-Olds  

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Behavioral, psychophysiological, and neuropsychological studies have revealed large developmental differences in various learning paradigms where learning from positive and negative feedback is essential. The differences are possibly due to the use of distinct strategies that may be related to spatial working memory and attentional control. In…

Schmittmann, Verena D.; van der Maas, Han L. J.; Raijmakers, Maartje E. J.

2012-01-01

262

Peak growth velocity of height, body mass and subcutaneous fat in 10 to 14-year-old boys and girls  

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Full Text Available O pico de velocidade em crescimento, mais especificamente em estatura, é o indicador de maturação somática mais comumente utilizado em estudos longitudinais em adolescentes, Os objetivos deste estudo foram: a descrever o momento e a magnitude dos picos de velocidade em estatura (PVE, em massa corporal (PVMC e no somatório de dobras cutâneas tricipital e subescapular (PVDC em um grupo de meninos e meninas, acompanhados dos 10 aos 14 anos de idade, b comparar estas variáveis entre os sexos, e c relacionar o momento dos picos de velocidade das três variáveis. Os sujeitos do estudo foram 70 escolares (35 meninos e 35 meninas, acompanhados dos 10 aos 14 anos de idade. Os resultados demonstraram que o pico de velocidade, nas três variáveis, ocorreu, em média, dos 12 para os 13 anos nos meninos e dois anos antes nas meninas, e a magnitude média dos picos de velocidade apresentou diferenças entre os sexos apenas no PVDC, sendo favorável às meninas. O período em que ocorreram o PVE, o PVMC, e o PVDC não apresentou correlação signifi cativa. Contudo, as análises individuais demonstraram que na maioria dos indivíduos o PVE e o PVDC aconteceram no mesmo período ou com o PVDC ocorrendo um ano após o PVE. Frente a estes resultados, conclui-se que em termos médios, o PVE, o PVMC ocorrem cerca de dois anos antes nas meninas, havendo diferença entre os sexos na magnitude apenas da gordura subcutânea. Além disto, conclui-se que existe grande variabilidade individual no período em que os picos de velocidade em EST, MC e DC ocorrem durante a adolescência, mas a maioria dos indivíduos apresenta os PVE e PVDC em períodos muito próximos. ABSTRACT Peak growth velocity, especially of height (PHV, is the most used indicator of somatic maturity in longitudinal studies of adolescents. The objectives of this study were: a to describe the time and magnitude of the peak height velocity (PHV, the peak weight velocity (PWV, and the peak subcutaneous fat velocity (PSFV of a group of boys and girls followed from 10 to 14 years of age, b to compare these variables between sexes, and c to relate the time and magnitude of the three peaks with each other. The study sample was made up of 70 schoolchildren (35 boys and 35 girls who were followed from age 10 to age 14. The results demonstrated that the peak growth velocity of the three variables occurred at 12 to 13 years old among the boys, and two years earlier among the girls. Only the magnitude of PSFV exhibited signifi cant difference, with the girls having higher values. The periods during which PHV, PWV, and PSFV occurred, did not present any significant correlations with each other. Nevertheless, the individual analyses indicated that, in a large proportion of the subjects, peak velocities occurred at the same time, or PSFV occurred one year later than PHV. Based on these results, we conclude that PHV, PWV, and PSFV occur about two years earlier among girls, with a significant difference between the sexes in terms of the magnitude of peak velocity only existing for PSFV. Moreover, we conclude that there is great individual variability at the period that PHV, PWV and PSFV occur during adolescence, but that the greater part of the sample exhibited PHV and PSFV very close together.

Alexandre Carriconde Marques

2007-12-01

263

Reproductive hormone profile and pubertal development in 14-year-old boys prenatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls.  

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Because polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are thought to cause endocrine disruption, we examined 438 adolescent boys from a birth cohort in the Faroe Islands, where PCB exposures are elevated. We measured PCBs and p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) in cord blood and in serum from clinical examination at age 14. Higher prenatal PCB exposure was associated with lower serum concentrations of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone. In addition, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) was positively associated with both prenatal and concurrent PCB exposures. The PCB-SHBG association was robust to covariate adjustment. In a structural equation model, a doubling in prenatal PCB exposure was associated with a decrease in LH of 6% (p=0.03). Prenatal exposure to PCB and DDE showed weak, non-significant inverse associations with testicular size and Tanner stage. DDE was highly correlated with PCB and showed slightly weaker associations with the hormone profile. These findings suggest that delayed puberty with low serum-LH concentrations associated with developmental exposure to non dioxin-like PCBs may be due to a central hypothalamo-pituitary mechanism. PMID:22841741

Grandjean, Philippe; Grønlund, Ciea; Kjær, Ina M; Jensen, Tina Kold; Sørensen, Nicolina; Andersson, Anna-Maria; Juul, Anders; Skakkebæk, Niels E; Budtz-Jørgensen, Esben; Weihe, Pal

2012-12-01

264

STUDY AND PRACTICES AT MINISTRY OF NATIONAL EDUCATION FOR NATIVE LANGUAGE EDUCATION TURKISH CHILDREN LIVING ABROAD  

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Full Text Available Ministry of National Education is one of the important official organization for native language education of Turkish children living abroad. National Education Council, Board of Education and Discipline, Directorate-General for External Relations, General Directorate for Services for Education Abroad are parts of the Ministry of National Education and there have been some studies and practices for native language education. This study has been aimed to examine and present above-mentioned study and practices at Ministry of National Education. For this aim, “Project of Our Citizens Living in the Distance” and “National Education Councils” have been included in the scope. Project of Our Citizens Living in the Distance has being enforced for orientation of Turkish children living abroad with keeping their own culture alive. This Project has been included to; “Develop Turkish and Turkish Culture Lessons Teaching Program for Children Living Abroad, prepare and distribute lesson books, student books and guide book for teachers axis of this program, giving lecture and information about above-mentioned materials and to teachers working abroad, education consultant. Developing using Turkish language ability correctly, fluently and effectively, build a website for presenting of Turkish culture.” On the other hand, Council, highest commission at Ministry of National Education, have been entrusted with examining and decisioning about educational activities. Council has been convened 17 times until today. But no one of this convede has been included an agenda item about Turkish children living abroad. 10, 12, 15 and 17th National Educational Council has been included some informations about education of Turkish children living abroad.

Ülker ?EN

2010-12-01

265

Trends in Turkish Education Studies  

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The purpose of this study was to determine trends in the subject areas, methods, data collection tools, data analysis methods, and sample types used in recent studies on Turkish education, published in journals from 2000-2011. A total of 558 articles from 44 journals were selected from databases by the purposive sampling method and examined using…

Varisoglu, Behice; Sahin, Abdullah; Goktas, Yuksel

2013-01-01

266

Greek-Turkish Crises since 1955. Implications for Greek-Turkish Conflict Management.  

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Past attempts to explain Greek-Turkish conflict have been built on two underlying themes. One theme focuses on incompatible Greek and Turkish interests while the other identifies cultural and social differences between the two countries as the primary cau...

P. Lymberis

1997-01-01

267

OPINIONS OF TURKISH TEACHERS ABOUT MEASUREMENT- ASSESSMENT APPROACH OF RENEWED TURKISH EDUCATION PROGRAMMES  

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This study aims at finding out the opinions of Turkish teachers about measurement-assessment approach on renewed Turkish Education Programmes. This research was carried out in 2007 fall semester with 20 primary school teachers of Turkish in Artvin city center. In this research, qualitative research methodology has been used. Firstly, a 20-minute interview on new measurement–assessment approach has been applied to two randomly selected Turkish teachers. According to data that were collected ...

2009-01-01

268

Türkiye’deki Üniversitelerin Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. S?n?f Ö?rencilerinin Türkoloji Kavram?na ?li?kin Alg?lar? Perception Of The Turkology Concept Among Fourth Grade Students Of The Departments Of Turkish Language And Literature In The Un?versities In Turkey  

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Full Text Available The Turkology, having been developed from the point of view ofEast, Islam and linguistic researches in the Europe of the 19 thcentury, has been, in the present, a science which searches whateverexists related to The Turks. Since the Turkologists, particularly in theearly periods, have been concentrated on linguistic researches andutilized the point of view and methods of it, the Turkology has only beenconceptually identified with the Turkish Language. The Turkology, asthe effect of these studies, has been perceived as the Turkish language.The purpose of this study is to reveal the perceptions of the fourthgrade students in the department of Turkish Language and Literaturein Turkish universities via metaphors they develop. The working groupof the study consists of 320 students studying in the departments ofTurkish Language and Literature of seven universities in sevengeographical regions (Marmara Region, Aegan Region, MediterraneanRegion, Central Anatolia Region, Eastern Anatolia Region, SouthEastern Anatolia Region inside the borders of the Turkish Republic.The data of the study has been obtained by each student completing thesentence: “Turkology is like ..., because...”. In the phase of dataanalysis, a technique of contents analysis, which can associate with therelations and concepts that are capable of explaining the data, has beenused. As a result of the research it is detected that % 87 of students offourth class Turkish Language and Literature Departments have apositive perception, % 11,4 of them have negative perception and % 0,9of them have both positive and negative perception about the termTurkology. Students having positive perception develop the areas ofadding value, discipline, research; students having negative perceptionsdevelop scientific lackness, work job anxiety, negative conduct; studentshaving both negative and positive perception develop metaphors underthe name of both positive and negative code. 19. yüzy?l Avrupa’s?nda ?slam, Do?u ve dil ara?t?rmalar? ekseninde geli?en Türkoloji, günümüzde Türk’e ait ne varsa inceleyen bir bilim hâline gelmi?tir. Özellikle ilk dönemlerde Türkologlar?n dil ara?t?rmalar?na yo?unla?mas?, onun bak?? aç?s? ve yöntemlerini kullanmas? nedeniyle Türkolojinin sadece kavramsal olarak Türk diliyle özde?le?mesine neden olmu?tur. Bu çal??malar?n etkisiyle Türkoloji, Türk dili gibi alg?lanm??t?r. Bu çal??man?n amac?, Türkiye’deki üniversitelerin Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin “Türkoloji” kavram?na ili?kin alg?lar?n?, geli?tirdikleri metaforlar arac?l???yla ortaya ç?karmakt?r. Ara?t?rman?n çal??ma grubunu, Türkiye Cumhuriyeti s?n?rlar?nda bulunan yedi co?rafi bölge (Marmara Bölgesi, Ege Bölgesi, Akdeniz Bölgesi, ?ç Anadolu Bölgesi, Karadeniz Bölgesi, Do?u Anadolu bölgesi ve Güneydo?u Anadolu Bölgesi ve bu bölgeler içerisinde bulunan 7 üniversitenin Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. s?n?f?nda okuyan 320 ö?renci olu?turmaktad?r. Ara?t?rman?n verileri her ö?rencinin “Türkoloji… gibidir, çünkü …” cümlesini tamamlamas?yla elde edilmi?tir. Verilerin analiz edilmesinde ise toplanan verileri aç?klayabilecek kavramlara ve ili?kilere ula??labilecek olan içerik analizi tekni?i kullan?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n sonunda Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? Bölümü 4. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin % 87,7’sinin Türkoloji kavram?na ili?kin olumlu, % 11,4’ünün olumsuz ve % 0,9’unun ise hem olumlu hem de olumsuz bir alg?ya sahip olduklar? tespit edilmi?tir. Olumlu alg?ya sahip ö?renciler; de?er katma, disiplin, inceleme alan?; olumsuz alg?ya sahip ö?renciler bilimsel eksiklik, i? kayg?s?, olumsuz tutum; hem olumlu hem de olumsuz alg?ya sahip ö?renciler ise hem olumlu hem de olumsuz tutum kodu alt?nda toplanan metaforlar geli?tirmi?tir.

Serdar YAVUZ

2013-03-01

269

The Presence of Turkish Accent in the Iranian Turkish Speaking People's Farsi Contrasted with its Absence in Their Speaking English: Minimal Overwhelms Maximal Bilingualism  

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Full Text Available The terms minimal and maximal bilingualism are respectively defined as incipient and native like ability to use a second language. The presence of Turkish accent in the Iranian Turkish speaking people's Farsi, with its absence in their speaking English contradicts the contrast between minimal and maximal dichotomy in bilingualism. These people do not speak Farsi, which is deeply rooted in their culture and way of life, as fluently as English to which they are lightly exposed. A five point Likert scale analysis of ten attitude statements about Farsi and English checked off by 49 out of 490 Iranian Turkish speaking students showed that attitude was the main cause of the problem. Thus, positive or negative attitude toward a second language can facilitate or hinder learning it.

Ataollah Maleki

2011-01-01

270

Evaluation of learning and teaching process in Turkish courses  

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Full Text Available A radical educational reform occurred in Turkey in 2005; and curriculum of primary education courses was renewed. New curriculum was prepared based on constructivist approach. In this scope, curriculum of Turkish course was also renewed. This study aimsat evaluating applications and opinions of teachers and students about learning and teaching process prescribed in Turkish Course (1st-5th Grades Curriculum. Within the scope of the study, semi-structured interview was made with 10 teachers and 12 students.In addition, process teaching a text was evaluated via structured observation method in 5 different classes. According to the results of the study, primary school teachers find some stages in learning – teaching process prescribed in the curriculum unnecessary andtherefore do not apply them. Teachers mentioned that some texts are above the student level; and they sometimes experience time and material problems. It was seen in the present study that teachers do not have enough information about learning and teachingprocess in the new curriculum; they do not have high success levels in the applications; and they usually do not apply the forms for evaluating the process in the curriculum. It was found out that, in spite of these problems, courses are student-centred as prescribed inthe curriculum; and students have positive opinions about stages of learning and teaching process.

Eyyup CO?KUN

2010-07-01

271

Competitive Environment Hypothesis in Turkish Banking System  

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Full Text Available This paper investigates the persistence of profit in Turkish banking system for the period of 2004:1 – 2009:4 by focusing net income after tax to total equity (ROE as profit measures by utilizing panel unit root tests. We found that competition among surviving banks is high in the Turkish Banking System for the period 2004:1 – 2009:4 which means that competitive environment hypothesis is valid in Turkish banking system.

Alper Aslan

2011-01-01

272

Language Policies in the Turkish Republic  

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This project investigates the Turkish Language Policies from the period of the foundation of the Turkish Republic up until the legislation of the Kurdish language and how these language policies has affected the way in which Kurdish minorities perceive their identities as Turkish citizens. There is given special attention to theories on nation and language in order to understand how language policies affect the nation and its people. The conducted e-mail interviews, a visit to Diyarbakir wher...

Suzan Yavuz

2013-01-01

273

Technology Related Expectations of Turkish as a Second Language Learners at Hacettepe University  

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Aside from "lingua franca" of the current age, technology enhanced language learning is still in its infancy for the less commonly taught languages. Hacettepe TOMER has been teaching Turkish as a foreign/second language to the exchange students for several years though; technology related expectations of the language learners have never…

Kalfa, Mahir; Yalcin, Haydar

2013-01-01

274

Determinants of Condom Use Intentions and Behavior among Turkish Youth: A Theoretically Based Investigation  

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The assumptions of two social cognition models, the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991) and the Health Belief Model (Rosenstock, 1974) are examined in 2 samples of Turkish university students: sexually active and sexually inactive. For sexually inactive participants, perceived benefits of condom use and self-efficacy beliefs regarding condom…

Ozakinci, Gozde; Weinman, John A.

2006-01-01

275

Attitudes toward Physical Education and Class Preferences of Turkish Adolescents in Terms of School Gender Composition  

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The purpose of this study was to examine attitudes toward physical education (PE and PE class preferences of high school Turkish students in terms of school gender composition; 213 girls and 249 boys from coeducational public schools, and 196 girls and 210 boys from single-sex vocational schools participated in the study. The Attitudes Toward…

Koca, Canan; Asci, F. Hulya; Demirhan, Giyasettin

2005-01-01

276

Prospective Turkish Primary Teachers' Views about the Use of Computers in Mathematics Education  

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The use of computers and technology in mathematics education affects students' learning, achievements, and affective dimensions. This study explores prospective Turkish primary mathematics teachers' views about the use of computers in mathematics education. The sample comprised of 129 fourth-year prospective primary mathematics teachers from two…

Dogan, Mustafa

2012-01-01

277

ECONOMIC ETHIC IN TURKISH PROVERBS  

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Economic ethic means sum of motifs and suggestions for the practical value and the preferred size in the regulating the daily lives of people. In this study that examines whether the attitude of economic ethic in proverbs, it has been argued in this study that proverbs have been inculcate an economic ethic to the Turkish society and proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism have not been consist of understanding of “a cardigan, a bite”...

2012-01-01

278

The adaptation study of oral communication strategy inventory into Turkish  

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Full Text Available Individuals use a variety of strategies in the course of speaking which can be identified via measurement tools. In the literature, strategy inventories are regarded as the most commonly used measurement tools. However, most of the strategy inventories lack the reliability and validity studies. Furthermore, most of them represent strategies that the learner could use throughout the language learning process and they are not directly relevant to the skill of speaking. Moreover, in the literature, most of the studies carried out on speaking strategies are based on the inventories developed for learners learning English as a second language. With respect to other measurement tools, Oral Communication Strategy Inventory (OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 for Japanese learning English as a foreign language had a clear factor structure and it seemed less problematic. Thus, the purpose of this study was to adapt OCSI into Turkish. Our concern in the adaptation study of OCSI is to investigate whether oral communication strategies classified in OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 would also measure Turkish EFL students’ speaking strategy use.Within the scope of adaptation study, the inventory was translated to Turkish and evaluated with the method of back translation. The equivalence between English form and Turkish form, construct validity and internal consistency were examined. The research was conducted with 808 students studying English as a foreign language at ELT departments of three different universities and Anatolian High schools. Based on the findings concerning the reliability and validity studies, it can be concluded that the classification of the original form of OCSI differs from the adapted version to some extent in that the Turkish form is made up of seven factors in contrast to the original inventory consisting of eight factors. Non verbal strategies which existed in Nakatani’s original inventory did not appear in the adaptation form. Instead, the items that consist of nonverbal strategies gave loadings to negotiation for meaning strategies, which implies that the purpose of the interlocutors while using one strategy may be culture specific.

Mehtap Kavaso?lu

2013-10-01

279

Impact of a Healthy Nails Program on Nail-Biting in Turkish Schoolchildren: A Controlled Pretest-Posttest Study  

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This study was conducted to examine the effect of a healthy nails program on nail-biting in Turkish schoolchildren. This quasi-experimental study was of pretest-posttest control group design. A total of 50 students of a primary school formed the intervention group, while 53 students from the same school formed the control group. Data were…

Ergun, Ayse; Toprak, Rumeysa; Sisman, Fatma Nevin

2013-01-01

280

A Study on Developing "An Attitude Scale for Project and Performance Tasks for Turkish Language Leaching Course"  

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The main purpose of this study is to demonstrate the students' attitudes towards project and performance tasks in Turkish Lessons and to develop a reliable and valid measurement tool. A total of 461 junior high school students participated in this study. In this study, firstly the preparation of items, specialist be consulted (content…

Demir, Tazegul

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Implementability of Instructional Supervision as a Contemporary Educational Supervision Model in Turkish Education System  

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Full Text Available In this study, implementability of instructional supervision as one of contemporary educational supervision models in Turkish Education System was evaluated. Instructional supervision which aims to develop instructional processes and increase the quality of student learning based on observation of classroom activities requires collaboration among supervisors and teachers. In this literature review, significant problems have been detected due to structural organization, structural and control-oriented supervision rather than guidance and counseling, conflicting supervisor roles, workload and inadequate time for supervision, standard assessment forms, professional incompetencies and negative attitudes of supervisors within the context of supervision subsystem of Turkish education system.

Hasan Basri Memduho?lu

2012-01-01

282

Multiple Intelligences Theory in Turkish Education System  

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Turkey can be regarded as a cultural bridge between the East and the West. After Turkish Republic was established by Ataturk in 1923, many radical revolutions, including the Turkish Education System, were made in order for Turkey to reach the level of contemporary civilizations. In the last two decades, Multiple Intelligences (MI) theory has been…

Kaya, Osman Nafiz

2006-01-01

283

Relationship satisfaction among Turkish and British adults  

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We tested three theories (adult attachment, autonomy/relatedness, and gender roles) to understand relationship satisfaction among 150 British and 170 Turkish adults, all involved in romantic relationships. Avoidance, relatedness, autonomy–relatedness, and masculinity mediated the relationship between culture and romantic relationship satisfaction. Additionally, as anticipated, Turkish participants scored lower on relationship satisfaction and autonomy whereas British participants scored low...

Celenk, Ozgur; Goodwin, Robin; Vijver, Alphonsius Josephus Rachel

2011-01-01

284

Foucault and Foucault Bibliography in Turkish Language  

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Full Text Available Foucault, a prominent philosopher of the twenteeth century, had quite on impact on philosophy, politics, history, sociology, literature, art and so on. Foucault’s works were translated into Turkish in the late 1980s and more frequently in the 1990s and in the early 2000’s, they were almost complete. Foucault, who is frequently referred in Turkish thought world, has been translation book, article and test subject fort the last two decades. Foucault entrance to Turkish literature shows parallelism with postmodernism debate in Turkish philosophy. The purpose of this bibliography is to make on inventory for Foucault’s works translated into Turkish and works and writings and about him, in order to provide convenience for the people who study Foucault.

Sever I??k

2012-12-01

285

THE SELF SUFFICIENCY PERCEPTION OF THE TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES ON USING CREATIVE DRAMA METHOD  

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Full Text Available The self sufficiency perception of the Turkish teacher candidates on using creative drama method is desired to be determined in this study. Surveymethod was used in the study. The research group is consisted of 112 fourth grade students of Turkish Teaching Department at Fatih Education Faculty of Black Sea Technical University in 2011-2012 education terms. “The self-sufficiency scale on using creative drama method” which was built up by Can ve Cantürk-Günhan (2009 was used as data collecting device in this study. The scale consist of 47 questions and the type is 5 point likert scale. Cronbach alfa reliability coefficient of the scale is calculated 0, 96. As a result has been determined that Turkish teacher candidates have self sufficiency “I reasonably agree” level on using creative drama method.?

Latife KIRBA?O?LU KILIÇ

2013-01-01

286

The Adaptation of The Industrial Chemistry Classroom Learning Environment Scale into Turkish  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to adapt Industrial Chemistry Classroom Learning Environment Inventory instrument into Turkish. Firstly permission from the developers of the instrument was sought. Thereafter, the items of the instrument were translated into Turkish. The translation validity of the scale was examined by referring to the views of English and Turkish language experts. Once the final form of the scale had been derived, an English language expert translated the items of the scale from Turkish to English. The results obtained from this translation indicated that the Turkish scale closely approximated the original English scale. Thus the translation and language validity of the instrument had been insured. Regarding the content validity of the scale, chemistry teachers were asked to examine the scale. Besides the scale was administered to the 416 high school students and several reliability analyses have been conducted such as Cronbach alpha reliability coefficient (.78, Sperman Brown coefficient of correlation (.68 and Guttman split- half reliability coefficient (.64. According to these findings, Industrial Chemistry Classroom Learning Environment Inventory is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used in the concerned courses.

Cemal TOSUN

2009-08-01

287

ORTHOGRAPHIC INTERFERENCE and THE TEACHING OF BRITISH PRONUNCIATION TO TURKISH LEARNERS  

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Full Text Available This article is the report of an investigation of pronunciation difficulties of Turkish speakers/learners of English which are due to differences in the sound-letter representations in the orthographies of the two languages, namely called “ortographic interference”. These difficulties are different in nature than those arising from differences in the sound sysytems of Turkish and English.1While Turkish orthography is to a large extent phonemic, i.e. employing a one-to-one letter-sound correspondence (with few exceptions such as k - kâr- ? - yegane- gavur, etc., English orthography, on the other hand, represents 46 sounds of the spoken language with 102 single or group of letters in the written language.Such actual difficulties arising from the differences in the orthographic sound-letter represenatations of Turkish and English are classified, evaluated, and their sources are explained through a detailed phonetic analysis as applied to research methods of “contarstive analysis” and “error analysis”, which are effective approaches in the field of Applied Linguistics and Foreign Language Learning.For different categories of difficulties, corrective exercises are recommended for the teaching and learning of English pronunciation to Turkish students.

Prof. Dr.Sinan Bayraktaro?lu

2008-10-01

288

The Turkish Version of the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised  

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Full Text Available The mindfulness approach to psychotherapy has become a topic of continuously growing scientific interest. In accordance with such interest, various self-report assessment tools have been developed to measure the mindfulness construct. The majority of the studies conducted to investigate the properties of these assessment instruments included Western populations. Thus, the measurement of mindfulness in non-Western cultures still requires further research. Based on this premise, the psychometric properties of the 10 item Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R were investigated in two different studies using two non-clinical Turkish samples. In Study 1, the psychometric properties of the 10 item CAMS-R were examined in an undergraduate student sample (N = 265. Study 2 extended the examination of the psychometric properties of the CAMS-R to an adult community sample consisting of white-collar public employees (N = 88. The results of both studies showed that the Turkish CAMS-R possessed acceptable levels of internal consistency and the scale displayed convergent as well as concurrent validity. Statistically meaningful relationships were found between mindfulness as measures by Turkish CAMS-R and depression, anxiety, well-being as well as perceived stress. The findings from both studies suggest CAMS-R retains its psychometric properties when utilized in a non-Western culture and the Turkish version of CAMS-R is a valid instrument which can be used to measure mindfulness in the Turkish population.

Pelin D. Catak

2012-11-01

289

Aircraft emissions at Turkish airports  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This paper deals with estimating aircraft landing and take-off (LTO) emissions (HC, CO, NOx, SO2) at 40 Turkish airports including the biggest airports, i.e. Ataturk International Airport (AIA) in Istanbul, Antalya Airport in Antalya and Esenboga Airport in Ankara in 2001. The calculation model is based on flight data recorded by the State Airports Authority. The flight data include the type and number of aircraft, number of passengers, amount of cargo etc., which depend on day-time and date. For the emission calculations the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)-Engine emission data bank, which includes minimum and maximum values for both fuel flow rates and emissions factors, is used. By using first the minimum and then the maximum values from the data bank, two estimations of aircraft LTO emissions at Turkish airports are calculated: i.e. minimum and maximum estimations. Total LTO emissions from aircraft at Turkish airports are estimated to be between 7614.34 and 8338.79 t/year. These results are comparable with those from USA airports. Approximately half of these amounts are produced at AIA. To predict future emissions, it is estimated that an increase of 25% in LTO cycles might cause a rise of between 31 and 33% in emissions. The estimations show that a decrease of 2 min in taxiing time results in a decrease of 6% in LTO emissions. The estimation model used in this study can be used for expansions and planning of airports from an environmental point of view. (author)

2005-01-01

290

OPINIONS OF TURKISH TEACHERS ABOUT MEASUREMENT- ASSESSMENT APPROACH OF RENEWED TURKISH EDUCATION PROGRAMMES  

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Full Text Available This study aims at finding out the opinions of Turkish teachers about measurement-assessment approach on renewed Turkish Education Programmes. This research was carried out in 2007 fall semester with 20 primary school teachers of Turkish in Artvin city center. In this research, qualitative research methodology has been used. Firstly, a 20-minute interview on new measurement–assessment approach has been applied to two randomly selected Turkish teachers. According to data that were collected from the interviews, a semi-structured interview form has been developed. This interview form has been implemented on 20 teachers of Turkish. The results of study have revealed that teachers of Turkish have positive perceptions about the new measurement–assessment approach. However, the study has revealed that teachers do not apply any new measurement–assessment activities efficiently because of the high cost, insufficient time, insufficient knowledge.

Mustafa MET?N

2009-11-01

291

THE ATTITUDES OF TURKISH CHILDREN WHO LIVE IN BELGIUM TOWARDS TURKISH IN TERMS OF DEMOGRAPHICAL FEATURES  

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Full Text Available This paper aims to find out the attitudes of Turkish children who live inBelgium towards Turkish in terms of demographical features. Research design ofthis study is scanning model. The participants are 198 Turkish children who tookTurkish and Turkish Culture course in 2010-2011 education year in Anvers, Gent,Genk and Brussel regions of Belgium, were chosen randomly and aged between 11-15.In order to reach data for the study, “Attitude Scale of Turkish Children WhoLive Abroad Towards Their Mother Tongues” and “Personal Information Form”,which were developed by the researchers, were used. SPSS 19.0 package programwas used for analyses. In the study the findings from the analyses were interpretedas significant with 0.05 significance level.After the research, it has been seen that the attitudes of Turkish Children wholive in Belgium towards their mother tongue are high (among the points of none, alittle, middle, high and full. Moreover, the attitudes of the Turkish children inBelgium who participated in the study towards Turkish have been revealed not tochange significantly in terms of gender, age, mother’s educational status, father’seducational status, father’s job, the frequency of going to Turkey and the length ofresidence.

Ülker ?EN

2012-08-01

292

Internationalization of Turkish SMEs: An Empirical Study  

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Full Text Available More than 99% of enterprises in Turkey are SMEs (Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises. Turkish SMEs try toexpand into foreign markets. They want to increase their competitive advantages both in domestic and foreignmarkets. The purpose of this paper is to determine internationalization process and international processes ofTurkish SMEs. The study was conducted on 267 SMEs in Istanbul in Turkey. Frequency distibution analysesand Chi-square analyses were applied to the data. It is found out that Turkish SMEs internationalize gradually asit was explained in Uppsala Theory. Most of them focus on exporting.

Ahu Tugba Karabulut

2013-02-01

293

Content Based Compression of Turkish Documents  

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Full Text Available The main goal of this study is to analyse the morphological structure of the Turkish documents. The new proposed method consists of lossless compressing the monograms, digrams, trigrams, roots-stems and suffixes individually using a statistical approach. In this work 1g, 2 g, 3 g, root-system and suffix frequencies have been computed for Turkish language. A tuned template has been prepared for each group. The compression of Turkish documents has been performed by using the static Huffman Coding for Word Based Dynamic Huffman has been measured.

Banu Diri

2001-01-01

294

Burnout Levels of Teachers of Students with AD/HD in Turkey: Comparison with Teachers of Non-AD/HD Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to explore the difference between the burnout level of teachers of students with AD/HD and teachers of non-AD/HD students in Turkey. The Turkish version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory was administered to a total of 78 Turkish elementary school teachers. Overall findings revealed that there were no significant differences…

Ozdemir, Selda

2006-01-01

295

Political Cartoons in 1946 Turkish Elections  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

1946 elections retain a different part and significance by many aspects. Certainly, 1946 elections were not the only significant election in Turkish political history. However, 1946 elections indicate a crossroad, a milestone. 1946 elections express an important stage in Turkish political history as of transition stages from Selçuklu to principalities, from principalities to Ottoman State, from Ottoman State to Republic. Therefore it is one of the most important exchanges.Transition to multi...

2011-01-01

296

Global New Turkish Lira Bond Issuances  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The objective of this study is to analyze current and likely future impacts of the issuance of New Turkish lira (YTL) denominated borrowing instruments by many global financial institutions around the major financial centres. These bonds are strong source of evidence for international confidence on stabilization efforts in Turkey and they are an indicator of bilateral acceptance of the de facto convertibility of YTL. They may also create an opportunity for the Turkish economy to mitigate nega...

Gormez, Yuksel; Yilmaz, Gokhan

2007-01-01

297

Internationalization of Turkish SMEs: An Empirical Study  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

More than 99% of enterprises in Turkey are SMEs (Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises). Turkish SMEs try to
expand into foreign markets. They want to increase their competitive advantages both in domestic and foreign
markets. The purpose of this paper is to determine internationalization process and international processes of
Turkish SMEs. The study was conducted on 267 SMEs in Istanbul in Turkey. Frequency distibution analyses<...

Ahu Tugba Karabulut

2013-01-01

298

Exotic crustaceans of the Turkish coast  

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Full Text Available A total of 50 exotic species (19 Brachyura, 19 Natantia, 2 Stomatopoda ,6 Amphipoda, 1 Cumacea, 2 Isopoda, and 1 Cirripedia of crustaceans are reported from the Turkish coast. Exotic crustaceans of the Turkish Seas comprises of approximately 48% of the fauna constituted by invasive species, introduced from the Levantine basin of the Mediterranean. About 34% of invasive crustaceans found on the Turkish coast are Indo-west Pacific origin. Decapods constitute majority of the species with a dominance of 38%. Lowest dominace (2% was related to orders, Cumacea and Cirripedia a being that were represented by single species. When Levantine basin was compared to the Turkey coast, the shrimp species reported on the Turkish coast were 70% of the shrimp species of all Levantine basin. The exotic migrant crab of Indo-West Pacific, Charybdis helleri was found abundant on the entire Turkish coast of the Mediterranean. Brachyuran crab, Eurycarcinus integrifrons and the oisk shrimp, Palaemonella rotumana are the latest records of exotics for the Turkish Seas.

A. Suat Ates

2013-03-01

299

Perceived antecedents of marital satisfaction among Turkish, Turkish-Dutch, and Dutch couples.  

Science.gov (United States)

We studied mainstream couples in The Netherlands and Turkey as well as Turkish-Dutch immigrant couples to address cultural factors associated with marital satisfaction. A total of 13 Turkish (mainstream couples living in Turkey), 19 Turkish-Dutch (Turkish immigrant couples living in The Netherlands), and 17 Dutch (mainstream couples living in The Netherlands) married dyads (total of 98 individuals) were independently interviewed about positive and negative characteristics of marriages, determinants of general marital satisfaction and dissatisfaction, spousal communication, marital conflict, and marital roles. Multivariate tests revealed ethnic group differences on all marriage-related domains except the conflict resolution strategies. However, univariate analyses showed differences in few themes within domains; main differences were assessed between the Turkish/Turkish-Dutch (who put more emphasis on children and economical aspects) and Dutch couples (who put more emphasis on behavior, and personality of the spouse, reciprocity, emotional sharing, and psychological roles). Turkish-Dutch couples were more similar to Turkish than to Dutch couples. Results were discussed in light of the socioeconomic development and cultural value theories, which are believed to provide a useful framework for understanding the role of culture in marital satisfaction. PMID:23126343

Celenk, Ozgur; van de Vijver, Fons J R

2013-01-01

300

Reflections on the development of an EFL reading programme for middle school students of varied levels of English  

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This personal-experience article attempts to share with the reader an EFL reading and grammar programme that was designed in 2002 for a group of 12 to 14-year olds (6th and 7th graders) whose English levels varied from almost nil to semiconversational. Multi-levels of English in any given group present a considerable challenge to either the EFL or ESL teacher, needless to say. More than one of these students exhibited evidence of a learning disability, not only in L2 but in L1 as well. F...

Barfield Randall

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

The reliability and validity of Self Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH in a Turkish sample  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the reliability and validity of Self Stigma of Seeking Help Scale (SSOSH in a Turkish sample. Methods: The scale items were translated into Turkish by the researchers and three specialists who have good knowledge of both languages. The scale was translated back by two specialists, and experts opinions from different fields were consulted on the properness of the phrases. The scale was pre-administered to 40 university students. The scale was administered to a group of 299 university students so as to obtain results on validity and reliability, and to a group of 202 university students so as to find out the concurrent validity. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses (EFA and CFA were conducted to determine and confirm the structure of the scale. The scale was administered to a group of 40 university students over a three weeks interval for test-retest reliability of the scale. Results: EFA and CFA showed that the items had a two-factor structure in Turkish culture. It was found out that factor loading of the 23 items ranged between 0.533 and 0.771; item-total correlation ranged between 0.445 and 0.754. Internal consistency coefficient (Cronbach’s alpha of the whole scale was found out to be 0.90, coefficient of stability 0.82, concurrent validity 0.71. Conclusion: The results of this study show that the Turkish version of SSOSH is a reliable and valid scale for the assessment of self-stigma of seeking help on university student population.

sevgi sezer

2013-01-01

302

Health Information in Turkish (Türkçe): MedlinePlus  

Science.gov (United States)

... this page, please enable JavaScript. Health Information in Turkish (Türkçe) B Bacterial Infections Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPV23) - English Polisakkarid Pnömokok A?isi - Türkçe (Turkish) PDF Immunization Action Coalition; Centers for Disease Control ...

303

INSIDE CONTEMPORARY TURKISH LITERATURE: CONCERNS, REFERENCES AND THEMES  

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Full Text Available This general critical inquiry into contemporary Turkishliterature is inclusive rather than exhaustive and focuses on a numberof concerns, themes and repeated references to Turkish socialrelations. After noting earlier developments in Turkish literature, thisarticle then proceeds to examine these repeated references, themes andconcerns of modern Turkish authors, poets and dramatists and theirtexts. Turks in other literature is another topic for consideration,followed by a final section that concludes with the referencing ofmodern Turkish literature.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ramazan GÜLENDAM

2008-09-01

304

Cross-Cultural Validation of the Beck Depression Inventory-II across U.S. and Turkish Samples  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to test the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) for factorial invariance across Turkish and U.S. college student samples. The results indicated that (a) a two-factor model has an adequate fit for both samples, thus providing evidence of configural invariance, and (b) there is a metric invariance but "no" sufficient…

Canel-Cinarbas, Deniz; Cui, Ying; Lauridsen, Erica

2011-01-01

305

Acquired Dyslexia in a Turkish-English Speaker  

Science.gov (United States)

The Turkish script is characterised by completely transparent bidirectional mappings between orthography and phonology. To date, there has been no reported evidence of acquired dyslexia in Turkish speakers leading to the naive view that reading and writing problems in Turkish are probably rare. We examined the extent to which phonological…

Raman, Ilhan; Weekes, Brendan S.

2005-01-01

306

E-Learning Turkish Language and Grammar: Analyzing Learners' Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

This study analyses the behavior and the preferences of the Greek learners of Turkish language, who use a particular e-learning website in parallel with their studies, namely: http://turkish.pgeorgalas.gr. The website offers free online material in Greek and English language for learning the Turkish language and grammar. The traffic of several…

Georgalas, Panagiotis

2012-01-01

307

CLASSROOM TEACHER’S PERSPECTIVES ABOUT USING TECHNOLOGY IN TURKISH LESSONS  

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Full Text Available Using educational technologies in the classroom contributes to make thelessons interesting for students, to facilitate achieving the objectives ofthe lesson to prevent the waste of time and to maintain a permanentlearning. Although only printed media has been used in Turkish lessonsuntil quiet recently, using technological tools has become moreimportant with the renewed elementary school curriculum. But no matterhow much improvement occur in the field of educational technologies, itshouldn’t be forgotten that these tools are used by teachers. In this studyit’s aimed to define the classroom teacher’s perspectives about usingeducational technologies in Turkish lessons. The study was carried outwith the 30 classroom teachers in the centre of Ankara. Semi-structuredinterview forms were used to define the teacher’s perspectives. The datahas been analyzed through descriptive analysis and content analysistechniques. While three out of four teachers participated in this studythink that educational technologies should be used in Turkish lessons,one out of four teachers on the other hand think that it is unnecessary touse educational technologies in Turkish lessons. Furthermore, it isdetermined that they use educational technologies mostly in visualreading, visual presentation and listening and learning environments onthe other hand they use them in speaking and learning environments atleast.

Mehmet KATRANCI

2013-01-01

308

Turkish Children's Drawing of Nature in a Certain Way: Range of Mountains in the Back, the Sun, Couple of Clouds, a River Rising from the Mountains  

Science.gov (United States)

This study reveals that Turkish kindergarten through 8th Grade (K-8) students draw nature pictures in a certain way; range of mountains in the background, a sun, a couple of clouds, a river rising from the mountains. There are similarities in the K-8 students' nature drawings in the way these nature items are organized on a drawing paper. We…

Ulker, Riza

2012-01-01

309

Psychometric Properties of Turkish Version of Childhood Trauma Questionnaire among Adolescents with Gender Differences  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Turkish version of Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and its subscales among adolescents. The participants consisted of 1275 high school students (14 - 19 years) with a mean age of 16.33 (SD = 1.01). The confirmatory factor analysis has revealed that CTQ has three subscale (physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse). Cronbach’s alpha for the total scale was .91, for physical abuse .84, for emotional abuse .89...

2012-01-01

310

The Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Form of the Somatosensory Amplification Scale  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective: In this study, the authors aimed to investigate the reliability and validity of the Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS) that was developed by Barsky et al. in the Turkish population. Method: The study was carried out with 42 patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome and Asthma Diseases attending to outpatient Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation and Chest Diseases clinics and 86 healthy students from Karadeniz Technical Univercity (KTU). Results: SSAS scores were normally distributed...

Hüseyin Güleç; Kemal Sayar; Medine Yaz?c? Güleç

2007-01-01

311

Discourse of Mobbing in Turkish Press  

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Full Text Available Mobbing (Psychological violence in working place has been researched especially by the scientists making researches in organizational communication for last 20-25 years. In Turkey, mobbing concept is a newer research field. In this study, how the news regarding mobbing has been given in Turkish press will be analyzed with Van Dijk?s discourse analysis.How the news regarding mobbing has taken place in Turkish press will be analyzed by applying Van Dijk?s discourse analysis. From the year of 1997 when the news related to the mobbing appeared to today, what kinds of differences happened in news discourses especially with taking place of mobbing in Turkish Criminal Law, will be analyzed.

Ece Karado?an Doruk

2011-07-01

312

Tagging and Morphological Disambiguation of Turkish Text  

CERN Multimedia

Automatic text tagging is an important component in higher level analysis of text corpora, and its output can be used in many natural language processing applications. In languages like Turkish or Finnish, with agglutinative morphology, morphological disambiguation is a very crucial process in tagging, as the structures of many lexical forms are morphologically ambiguous. This paper describes a POS tagger for Turkish text based on a full-scale two-level specification of Turkish morphology that is based on a lexicon of about 24,000 root words. This is augmented with a multi-word and idiomatic construct recognizer, and most importantly morphological disambiguator based on local neighborhood constraints, heuristics and limited amount of statistical information. The tagger also has functionality for statistics compilation and fine tuning of the morphological analyzer, such as logging erroneous morphological parses, commonly used roots, etc. Preliminary results indicate that the tagger can tag about 98-99\\% of the...

Oflazer, K; Oflazer, Kemal; Kuruoz, Ilker

1994-01-01

313

Innovative Constructions in Dutch Turkish: An Assessment of Ongoing Contact-Induced Change  

Science.gov (United States)

Turkish as spoken in the Netherlands (NL-Turkish) sounds "different" (unconventional) to Turkish speakers in Turkey (TR-Turkish). We claim that this is due to structural contact-induced change that is, however, located within specific lexically complex units copied from Dutch. This article investigates structural change in NL-Turkish through…

Dogruoz, A. Seza; Backus, Ad

2009-01-01

314

Evaluation the prevalence of permanent anterior crown fracture and its relevant between 7-14 years students in Tehran, year of 1375  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Anterior tooth crown fracture in children is something that each dentist will confront"nmany times during his professional career."nWe studied the prevalence of anterior teeth crown fractures between 7-14 years old students in"nTehran and some relevant factors like sex, age, the traumatized tooth, amount of overbite and"noverjet, upper lip coverage, jaw that had fractured tooth or teeth and place of fracture in fractured"ncrown."n1338 boys and 1184 girls were in ...

Mahmodian J; Kusari A; Faghih-e-Nasiri E

1999-01-01

315

CONTEMPORARY USAGE OF TRADITIONAL TURKISH MOTIFS IN PRODUCT DESIGNS  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to identify the traditional Turkish motifs and its relations among present industrial designs. Traditional Turkish motifs played a very important role in 16th century onwards. The arts of the Ottoman Empire were used because of their symbolic meanings and unique styles. When we examine these motifs we encounter; Tiger Stripe, Three Spot (Çintemani, Rumi, Hatayi, Penç, Cloud, Crescent, Star, Crown, Hyacinth, Tulip and Carnation motifs. Nowadays, Turkish designers have begun to use these traditional Turkish motifs in their designs so as to create differences and awareness in the world design. The examples of these industrial designs, using the Turkish motifs, have survived and have Ottoman heritage and historical value. In this study, the Turkish motifs will be examined along with their focus on contemporary Turkish industrial designs used today.

Tulay Gumuser

2012-12-01

316

Modelling and forecasting Turkish residential electricity demand  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This research investigates the relationship between Turkish residential electricity consumption, household total final consumption expenditure and residential electricity prices by applying the structural time series model to annual data over the period from 1960 to 2008. Household total final consumption expenditure, real energy prices and an underlying energy demand trend are found to be important drivers of Turkish residential electricity demand with the estimated short run and the long run total final consumption expenditure elasticities being 0.38 and 1.57, respectively, and the estimated short run and long run price elasticities being -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. Moreover, the estimated underlying energy demand trend, (which, as far as is known, has not been investigated before for the Turkish residential sector) should be of some benefit to Turkish decision makers in terms of energy planning. It provides information about the impact of past policies, the influence of technical progress, the impacts of changes in consumer behaviour and the effects of changes in economic structure. Furthermore, based on the estimated equation, and different forecast assumptions, it is predicted that Turkish residential electricity demand will be somewhere between 48 and 80 TWh by 2020 compared to 40 TWh in 2008. - Research highlights: ? Estimated short run and long run expenditure elasticities of 0.38 and 1.57, respectively. ? Estimated short run and long run price elasticities of -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. ? Estimated UEDT has increasing (i.e. energy using) and decreasing (i.e. energy saving) periods. ? Predicted Turkish residential electricity demand between 48 and 80 TWh in 2020.

2011-06-01

317

OGUZ TURKISH ELEMENTS IN KARAY TURKISH / KARAY TÜRKÇES?NDE O?UZCA UNSURLAR  

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Full Text Available Karai dialect belong to the Kipchak group of Turkish. However, the dialect has some Oguz features. In this article, the Oguz features that Karai dialect has have been studied in terms of "phonetics", "morphology", and "vocabulary".

Dr. Selma GÜLSEV?N

2007-05-01

318

Tracheobronchial variations in Turkish population.  

Science.gov (United States)

The tracheobronchial tree exhibits highly individualistic features and many variations. As the anatomic variations among Turkish population have not been studied previously, we aimed to evaluate the type and frequency of tracheobronchial variations (TBVs) in our bronchoscopy population. In a 3-year period, 1,114 patients underwent flexible bronchoscopy (FB). Among these, 780 (70%) were male. The mean age of the patients was 51.3 +/- 15.1 (range: 17-84) years. In 639 cases, no TBV were detected. A total of 999 TBV were observed in 475 patients. Of all, 71.3% (713) of the total TBV were detected in males. Forty-nine and six-tenths percent (49.6%) of the TBV were observed on the right bronchial system, 49.2% on the left, and 1.2% in the trachea. The five most frequently observed TBV were right lower lobe basal orifice with two subsegments, left lower lobe basal orifice with two subsegments, left upper lobe with three segments, right upper lobe with two segments, and right lower lobe with a subapical segment. In the same lobe bronchus, single variation and two different TBV were seen in 85% and 15% of patients, respectively. Number of TBV increased linearly with the number of lobes involved. The availability and popularity of FB in recent years has led to the increase in identification and reporting of TBV. TBV should be correctly identified and documented. This information is invaluable during follow-up bronchoscopies as well as lung resection. PMID:18698650

Beder, Sumru; Küpeli, Elif; Karnak, Demet; Kayacan, Oya

2008-09-01

319

Structure and meaning features of the root verbs in Turkish  

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Full Text Available Turkish is a rich language in terms of verb types and words. This research is limited to Turkish spoken in Turkey, and its verb roots. Turkish dictionary of Turkish Language Association (2011 is the main source of this study. This study was prepared by taking into account of written, audio and visual resources during the period of Turkish spoken in Turkey. From basic education to university education, this dictionary is one of the most important sources of Turkish lessons. Within this framework, the verb roots that are in the dictionary have been accepted as Turkish spoken in Turkey’s verb roots and study field were established.The number of verb roots which wasn’t encountered in any source, including Turkish language grammar books previously, were determined in this study and these verb roots were classified in terms of structure and meaning. In terms of structure, the verb roots consist of at least two sounds at most six sounds but among these verb roots three-and four-sounded ones are outnumbered. And also in terms of their meaning features single and multi meaning verb roots are determined. In addition to this, this study focuses on the mental verb roots which have also drawn attention on them by the recently done Turkish researches and emphasized on the root verbs. This study was carried out on the basis of common methods in Turkish studies, but in the objective and outcome parts the lack of Turkish course books and teaching Turkish verb roots are emphasized. Verb type words in general in all languages but in particularly in Turkish form the staff of the basic words of Turkish language. In terms of Turkish which is an agglutinative language, affixes are as important as word roots. Turkish language that is rich in affixes and roots has a productive character. Attention was taken to this aspect of Turkish with the help of verb roots All in all, the subject of this study deserves to be highlighted in many ways. Besides providing new research data, emphasis was made in terms of teaching Turkish and aimed to contribute to the world of science.

Mehmet Gedizli

2013-10-01

320

The Reliability and Validity of Adolescent Health Promotion Scale in Turkish Community Original Article  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Health-promoting lifestyles of adolescents are closely related to their current and subsequent health status. However, few studies in Turkey have examined health-promoting behaviors of adolescents. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of Adolescent Health Promotion Scale that was translated into the Turkish language.Materials and Method: In study, item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, and reliability measures of the scale, were assessed based on the responses of 358 students. Results: Factor analysis yielded a six-factor instrument that explained 38.48% of the variance in the 40 items. The Cronbach’s alpha reliability coefficient for the total scale was calculated 0.86, and ranged from 0.50 to 0.74 for the subscales. Conclusion: The results indicated that the Turkish version of the Adolescent Health Promotion Scale is a reliable and valid tool for use among Turkish students. (Journal of Current Pediatrics 2011; 9: 14-22

Ayla Bay?k Temel

2011-04-01

 
 
 
 
321

Friendship Preferences among German and Turkish Preadolescents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined changes in and predictors of preference for same-ethnic friendships among German (N = 106) and Turkish (N = 45) preadolescents (M age = 10.4 years) during their 1st year in an ethnically heterogeneous school. Drawing on the contact hypothesis, it examined the relation between children's attitudes and their preference for…

Jugert, Philipp; Noack, Peter; Rutland, Adam

2011-01-01

322

(Non-)Peripheral Matters in Turkish Syntax  

Science.gov (United States)

The goal of this dissertation is to investigate the nature of word order variation in declarative and interrogative clauses in Turkish within the framework of the generative syntax. The specific issue that will be examined in this dissertation concerns the role of discourse-pragmatics in word order variation. I will argue that all movement…

Sener, Serkan

2010-01-01

323

Turkish Geography Trainee Teachers' Perceptions of Geography  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines Turkish geography trainee teachers' perceptions of geography as a discipline and perceptions of the aim of geographical education. This study pursues the ideas of Catling (2004) and uses his classification. The sample in the research consists of 136 geography trainees at six different universities in Turkey. The questionnaire…

Alkis, Secil

2009-01-01

324

Psychometric properties of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale in a Turkish sample.  

Science.gov (United States)

A stepwise validation procedure was carried out to translate and develop a Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale. A total of 858 college students completed the Tuckman Procrastination Scale, the Academic Self-efficacy Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale. Two items in the original scale loaded on a different factor and were removed from the measure. The 14-item scale had a one-factor solution as supported by subsequent confirmatory factor analysis. The Turkish version of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale scores correlated negatively with academic self-efficacy and self-esteem scores. Overall results provided evidence for the validity and the reliability of the scale scores. PMID:24693816

Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Saçkes, Mesut; Tuckman, Bruce W

2013-12-01

325

The measurement of regional inequalitive opportunity for Turkish middle school between dynastic period to republic period with Atkinson approach  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate level of social utility from teachers to the students in middle schools in Turkey for Dynastic period to republic period. Material and Method: In the study, the Atkinson indices were used to calculate between 1897 and 1997. The data were depended on web site of Turkish Statistical Institute and the first statistical yearbook in Ottoman Empire. Results: The indices have found that there are inter - regional inequalitive distribution of teachers and that there are loosing of social utility for the students from teachers. Levels of social utility from the teachers were 73.3 % in 1897 and 93.7 % in 1997. Conclusion: After there had been high levels of loosing for social utility from inter-regional inequalitive distribution in Turkishmiddle schools in 1897, the distribution improved during republic period. Hence we can claim that there was almost absolute equality for regional balance of teacher / student in Turkish middle schools.

Murat Çiftçi

2012-10-01

326

Report on the Turkish energy sector  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The government of Turkey has made a concerted effort to expand cooperation with energy-rich CIS countries, the Russian Federation, the Middle East and African countries in order to meet its growing energy demands. As an industrializing country with expanding energy-intensive industries, energy demand in Turkey is expected to double by the year 2010. To meet this demand, it is estimated that a total investment of $45 billion U.S. will be needed for power production facilities alone, and an additional $10 billion U.S. will be required for transmission and distribution facilities. The Turkish government is giving high priority to pipeline projects, as well as thermal (mostly gas-fired) and hydro electric power producing projects. The government also plans to add nuclear power to its generating capacity, even though the first nuclear power plant project is currently on hold. Foreign technology and capital is needed in order to address the problem of the energy deficit and save the Turkish economy from power shortages. It was noted that the success of the Turkish market will depend on the capabilities of investors to raise the required project financing. Several Canadian companies have participated in energy development projects in Turkey as consultants, engineers, equipment suppliers and contractors and have acquired a favourable image in the Turkish market. Real opportunities exist for Canadian companies to partner with local companies in the services for oilfield development, pipeline construction and power generation. The key for long term success for Canadian firms in the Turkish market will be to demonstrate a local presence and ensure effective monitoring of opportunities in project development

2000-01-01

327

THE TRACES OF OLD TURKISH IN CHAGATAI TURKISH ÇA?ATAY TÜRKÇES?NDE ESK? TÜRKÇEN?N ?ZLER?  

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Full Text Available The works of Chagatai Turkish not only contains all features turning out Chagatai Turkish into a literary language but also it includes O?uz and K?pçak Turkish elements and Old Turkish phonetic and structural characteristics. While some language features of Uighur and Köktürk period become a characteristic feature of Chagatai Turkish, some of these features indicate a structural feature of archaic especially in the works of Chagatai Turkish. In this study, the language features of Old Turkish have been determined in the works of Chagatai Turkish and the presence of word power of the time has been tried to be examined in the same direction. The statement "Old Turkish" refers to the Uighur and Köktürk Turkish. Ça?atay Türkçesine ait eserler, Ça?ataycay? ayr? bir yaz? dili hâline getiren bütün özellikleri ta??mas? d???nda O?uz ve K?pçak unsurlar?n? ve Eski Türkçenin ses ve ?ekil hususiyetlerini de bünyesinde ta??r. Ça?atay Türkçesi eserlerinde Köktürk ve Uygur dönemine ait baz? dil unsurlar? Ça?ataycan?n karakteristik bir özelli?i hâline gelirken bir k?sm? da arkaik bir yap? özelli?i gösterir. Bu çal??mada, Ça?atay Türkçesi eserlerinde, Eski Türkçenin dil özellikleri tespit edilmeye ve dönemin söz varl??? ayn? do?rultuda incelenmeye çal???lm??t?r. “Eski Türkçe” ifadesiyle kastedilen Köktürk ve Uygur Türkçesidir.

Filiz Meltem ERDEM UÇAR

2011-01-01

328

ACTIVITIES OF DEVELOPING VOCABULARY OF STUDENTS AND DICTIONARY USAGE IN TURKISH EDUCATION TÜRKÇE E??T?M?NDE Ö?RENC?LER?N SÖZ VARLI?INI GEL??T?RME ETK?NL?KLER? VE SÖZLÜK KULLANIMI  

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Full Text Available Vocabulary is to affect the success of education, teaching and the skills of language of students. Words have important function in communication. In this study the importance of vocabulary is emphasized, the techniques need to be application during education of the students on new words and word training techniques are being investigated. Söz varl???, ö?rencilerin dil becerilerini, e?itim ve ö?retim ba?ar?lar?n? do?rudan etkilemektedir. Bireyler aras? ileti?imde de söz varl???n?n önemi büyüktür. Bu çal??mada söz varl???n?n önemi üzerinde durulmakta, ö?rencilere yeni kelimelerin kazand?r?lmas?nda takip edilmesi gereken teknikler ve kelime ö?retimine yönelik gerçekle?tirilebilecek etkinliklere i?aret edilmektedir.

Ali GÖÇER

2010-01-01

329

THE EFFECT OF TEACHING WRITING STRATEGIES ON TURKISH LANGUAGE TEACHING DEPARTMENT FRESMAN STUDENTS’ WRITING ACHIEVEMENT/YAZMA STRATEJ?LER? Ö?RET?M?N?N TÜRKÇE Ö?RETMENL??? B?R?NC? SINIF Ö?RENC?LER?N?N YAZMA BA?ARISINA ETK?S?  

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Full Text Available The aim of this study is to identify the effect of writing strategies instruction on Turkish Language Teaching Department freshmen’s writing achievement. In accordance this aim, the pretest-posttest control group design was used to identify the effect of writing strategies instruction on freshmen’s writing achievement. As the quasi-experimental design was used in the study, population and sample was not defined. Instead, sample groups were taken based on the equality of the groups. The control group consisted of 18 girls and 6 boys, totally 24 students whereas the experimental group included 21 girls and 5 boys, totally 26 students. In the study, written expression evaluation scale was used as measurement device. At the end of the study, it was concluded that writing strategies instruction enhances writing achievement of the experimental group while the scores of pretest and posttest of the control group were not significantly changed. Bu ara?t?rman?n amac?, yazma stratejileri e?itiminin Türkçe ö?retmenli?i 1. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin yaz?l? anlat?m ba?ar?lar?na olan etkisini belirlemektir. Bu amaç do?rultulsunda, ön test-son test kontrol gruplu yar? deneysel desene ba?vurulmu?tur. Ara?t?rmada yar? deneysel desen kullan?ld???ndan dolay? evren ve örneklem seçilmemi?, bunun yerine çal??ma gruplar? al?n?p gruplar?n e?itli?i üzerinde durulmu?tur. Kontrol grubu 18 k?z, 6 erkek olmak üzere toplam 24 ki?iden, deney grubu ise 21 k?z, 5 erkek olmak üzere toplam 26 ki?iden olu?maktad?r. Çal??mada ölçme arac? olarak Yaz?l? Anlat?m De?erlendirme Ölçe?i kullan?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n sonunda deney grubu ö?rencilerinin yazma ba?ar?s? ön test ve son test puanlar? aras?nda son test lehine anlaml? farkl?l?k oldu?u, kontrol grubu ö?rencilerinin yazma ba?ar?s? ön test ve son test puanlar? aras?nda anlaml? farkl?l?k olmad??? tespit edilmi?tir.

Ersoy TOPUZKANAMI?

2014-06-01

330

Socio-Cultural Approaches to Tourism: A Research on the “Tourist” Notion of Young Turkish People  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Significance of tourism sector in Turkey is constantly expanding. Correspondingly the importance of the economic and socio-cultural impact of tourism also continues to develop. Because tourism draws tourists get into closer contact with the locals it has positive and negative effects on the destination. In general the aim of tourists is satisfying their expectations at the maximum degree during their stay. On the other side locals who live and work in the destination region have a primary role in welcoming them and satisfying the tourists’ needs and expectation. Turkish society is particularly well known for many generations as being very hospitable. Current research aims to reveal whether the young Turkish people sustain traditional “Turkish Hospitality” and to see their thoughts about tourists. The field research has been conducted on students of a foundation university located in Izmir and these young people’s point of view on tourists has been investigated by face to face interviews. It has been concluded that there is a weakening trend, nevertheless the notion of hospitality remains.

Ferika Özer Sari

2012-04-01

331

A cultural adaptation study of multimedia course materials forum to Turkish  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to translate into Turkish and establish the validity and reliability of a forum used to evaluateteacher candidates’ studies about multimedia course materials which they had created in project?based learning. Theresearcher created the “Evaluation of multimedia course materials which teacher candidates had created in project basedlearning” forum in 2007 using selected statements from a website which that supports materials for teachers. The forumhas been translated into Turkish using the back?translation method. The forum was administered to a randomly selectedsample of 202 teacher candidates (100 females and 102 males from various departments of Near East University in Cypruswho enrolled in the course “Instructional Technologies and Material Development”. The validity of Turkish form hadaccording to expert opinion. Statistical analyses showed that the reliability of the forum to be 0.93 (Cronbach’s alpha. Theend of the result is that this forum can be use to evaluate students’ multimedia materials which they had developed inproject?based learning.

Fezile Özdaml?

2009-06-01

332

Written Narrations by 8- to 10-Year-Old Turkish Pupils in Flemish Primary Education: A Follow-Up of Seven Text Features  

Science.gov (United States)

This semi-longitudinal study examined the development of narrative writing quality of young Turkish second language learners in mainstream Dutch-only education, and the impact of student-level and classroom-level predictors of narrative writing quality, using hierarchical linear modelling. Writing samples of 106 third graders and 111 fourth…

Verheyden, Lieve; Van den Branden, Kris; Rijlaarsdam, Gert; Van den Bergh, Huub; De Maeyer, Sven

2010-01-01

333

Factors that motivate Turkish EFL teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Teachers’ motivation has been an extensive topic of discussion among researchers for over two decades. What has been missing in the discussion, though, is the perspective of those who teach English as a Foreign Language (EFL), especially those who work in Turkey. Therefore, the purpose of this case study was to investigate factors that motivated Turkish EFL teachers working at a Preparatory English Program of a university in Turkey and ways to enhance their motivation. Eight teachers took p...

2013-01-01

334

TURKISH MONUMENTS IN ERDEML?-GÜZELOLUK VILLAGE  

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Full Text Available In this article, Turkish monuments in Güzeloluk Village of Erdemli County are studied. As a result of the field work one mosque, one school, one fountain, one primary school and school house are found. Mosque, school and fountain belong to Ottoman era, while primary school and school ouse belong to Republic era. Buildings maintain their original forms mostly and reflect their respective times in terms of architecture and decoration.

Lokman TAY

2011-12-01

335

Gini Decomposition by Gender :Turkish Case  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this paper is to reveal the gender inequalities in income distribution for Turkey by using decomposition of Gini coefficient, a common income inequality measure. A new decomposition method, Dagum's approach for decomposition of the Gini coefficient is used in the study. In the analysis, the decomposition of the Gini coefficient by gender is applied to Turkish individuals twice. First Gini coefficient for total disposable income is decomposed to examine the gender disparities in ind...

Kaya, Ezgi; Senesen, Umit

2010-01-01

336

External Debt: Some Experience From Turkish Economy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study pin downs vital role of the emerging field of external debt and debt indicators in Turkish economy with emphasis on empirical relationship of external debt, debt indicators between growth, investment and exports over the period 1983-2002. Present results suggest that the substantial raise in the stock of external debt put negative effect on investment, positive effect on exports and has no effect on growth. Present results imply that if policy maker wants to increase social welfare ...

Zahoor Hussain Javed; Ahmet Sahinoz

2005-01-01

337

Towards Multiculturalism in Turkish Public Service Broadcasting  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The announcement of Turkey as a European Union (EU) candidate country in the Helsinki Summit (10, 11 December 1999) marked a distinct change of identity policy and attitudes towards its citizens. A result in the shift of mindset has been the launch of the first public service broadcasting TV channel for Kurdish people on the 1st of January 2009. TRT 6 (?e?) broadcasting in unofficial Kurdish language is run by Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT). The thesis attempts to elabor...

Vural, Selcuk

2011-01-01

338

Assessment of Legislative Function within Turkish Democracy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

It is widely accepted that the written constitution period has begun with Constitutional Monarchy I. Basically, the constitution of 1876 is not the first constitutional document in Turkish history. It can be said that the Charter of Alliance is the first document of Ottoman Empire. In this article, we will analyze the legislative function of Turkey starting from the legislative documents of Ottoman Empire which constitute the base of current legal structure such as the Charter of Alliance (18...

Boztas?, Asena

2013-01-01

339

Illness causal beliefs in Turkish immigrants  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract Background People hold a wide variety of beliefs concerning the causes of illness. Such beliefs vary across cultures and, among immigrants, may be influenced by many factors, including level of acculturation, gender, level of education, and experience of illness and treatment. This study examines illness causal beliefs in Turkish-immigrants in Australia. Methods Causal beliefs about somatic and mental illness were examined in a sample of 444 members of ...

Minas Harry; Klimidis Steven; Tuncer Can

2007-01-01

340

Growth, oral hygiene and emergence of permanent dentition among 5-14 year old Rajput Children of Solan District of Himachal Pradesh  

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Full Text Available Growth in height and weight, oral hygiene and the emergence of permanent teeth in a cross-sectional sample of 509 Rajput boys and girls from the Kumarhatti and Dharampur areas of Solan District of Himachal Pradesh is reported. The data was collected from the various schools of the area. The girls were, by and large, taller and heavier than the boys; the differences were significant (P<0.05 at 12 years only. The oral hygiene of the sample was moderate and 15.28% children (9.76% boys and 5.52% girls had one or more carious teeth. Mandibular teeth tended to emerge earlier than the maxillary teeth in both sexes. The emergence was earlier in girls, except the premolars. The bilateral differences were significant (P <= 0.05 only for maxillary central incisors and mandibular canines in girls and maxillary second incisors and canines and mandibular central incisors and second premolars in boys. The sequence of emergence in the first phase was the same (M1, M1, I1, I1, I2, I2 for both sexes. In the second phase of emergence, the maxillary canines emerged after the premolars in boys and after the first premolars but prior to the second premolars in girls. Partial correlations between number of emerged teeth and stature and weight were low and not significant, when the effect of age was partialed out. The emergence in the present sample was distinctly delayed in maxillary as well as mandibular first and second molars and mandibular lateral incisors as compared to a majority of other populations from within and outside India.

Richa Airi

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Concept Formation in Environmental Education: 14-Year Olds' Work on the Intensified Greenhouse Effect and the Depletion of the Ozone Layer. Research Report  

Science.gov (United States)

A case study is presented describing the work of three pupils in the upper level of compulsory school. The pupils were learning about the intensified greenhouse effect and the depletion of the ozone layer. In their work, the need for certain domain-specific knowledge becomes apparent; for example, understanding such concepts as photosynthesis,…

Osterlind, Karolina

2005-01-01

342

RADIAL VARIATION OF MICROFIBRIL ANGLE AND WOOD DENSITY AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS IN 14-YEAR-OLD Eucalyptus urophylla S.T. BLAKE WOOD  

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Full Text Available The orientation of cellulose microfibrils in the cell wall along the stem axis has major effects on stiffness and longitudinal shrinkage and is of key importance in wood quality. The aim of this study was to investigate the radial variability of MFA and wood density (? and their relationships in Eucalyptus urophylla wood. Three MFA values were estimated by X-ray diffraction at three points of each one of the 175 tangential sections, and the basic density was measured. A decrease of microfibril angles from pith to bark can be observed in most samples; however, some radial strips presented different patterns of variation. For basic density, a linear significant increase from pith to bark was confirmed. There was no significant correlation between microfibril angle and density. The relationships among the three MFA estimated on tangential sections of wood were strong. The “curvature effect” due to the growth rings had a negligible effect on the three measurements of tangential sections cut near to the pith. This study showed that a single T value measurement by X-ray diffraction, preferably at the centre of the tangential section, is precisely sufficient to estimate the mean MFA of Eucalyptus urophylla wood.

Loïc Brancheriau Mail

2011-06-01

343

COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE RELATIVE FREQUENCY OF SLEEP DISORDERS IN MIGRAINE AND NON MIGRAINE IN 6- TO 14-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN  

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Full Text Available AbstractObjectiveHeadaches are common during childhood. In addition, sleep disorders are common problems in children, too. Although it is commonly thought thatheadache and sleep problems are related, there is not enough evidence to confirm this relationship. Finding evident relations between these problemswould help practitioners a lot to make earlier diagnosis and plan treatment modalities for both problems as soon as possible. This study aimed to assess therelative frequency of sleep disorders in migraine and non migraine children.Material & MethodsIn a cross sectional study, 148 children were enrolled in migraine (60 and non migraine (88 groups. They were aged 6 to 14 years. Migraine group consistedof patients who had definite migraine according to IHS (International Headache Society criteria. Ten sleep problems (snoring, nightmares, sleep walking, sleeptalking, bedtime struggle, bruxism, sweating during sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness, insomnia in early or mid night and sleep apnea were comparedbetween 2 groups. Fisher exact and chi square tests were used for making comparisons.ResultsWe found relationships between night sleep and daytime headaches. Some of these relationships were easy to explain but for some others, finding complicatedexplanations are necessary.Our findings showed that bruxism, sleep walking, early and midnight insomnia was significantly higher in migraine children. There was a common etiology forheadache and sleep disorders. Also, parents and migraine children were well familiar with the effect of relaxation on decreasing migraine episodes .Theyprovided appropriate facilities for night sleep for this reason.Conclusionwe found relationships between night sleep and daytime headaches. Some of these relationships were easy to explain but for some others, finding complicatedexplanations are necessary.

Omid Yaghini MD

2010-12-01

344

Prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales en los niños menores de 14 años Prevalence of dento-maxillofacial anomalies in children younger than 14 years old  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Las anomalías de la oclusión son la tercera causa de la pérdida de dientes en el mundo y consideradas un factor importante que atenta contra la integridad del sistema estomatognático. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 150 niños de 9 a 14 años de edad, de la escuela primaria "Pablo de la Torriente Brau" pertenecientes al área de salud de la Clínica Estomatológica "Antonio Briones Montoto" de Pinar del Río. El objetivo de esta investigación fue ident...

2011-01-01

345

The effect of duration of exercise at the ventilation threshold on subjective appetite and short-term food intake in 9 to 14 year old boys and girls  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The effect of exercise on subjective appetite and short-term food intake has received little investigation in children. Despite a lack of reported evaluation of short-duration activity programs, they are currently being implemented in schools as a means to benefit energy balance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of duration of exercise at the ventilation threshold (VeT on subjective appetite and short-term food intake in normal weight boys and girls aged 9 to 14 years. Methods On 4 separate mornings and in random order, boys (n = 14 and girls (n = 15 completed 2 rest or 2 exercise treatments for 15 (short-duration; SD or 45 min (long-duration; LD at their previously measured VeT, 2 h after a standardized breakfast. Subjective appetite was measured at regular intervals during the study sessions and food intake from a pizza meal was measured 30 min after rest or exercise. Results An increase in average appetite, desire to eat, and hunger (p Conclusion Neither SD nor LD exercise at the VeT increased short-term food intake and SD exercise attenuated increases in appetite. Thus, SD exercise programs in schools may be an effective strategy for maintaining healthier body weights in children.

Pencharz Paul B

2009-10-01

346

Long-term Effects of Prenatal Cigarette Smoke Exposure on Behavior Dysregulation Among 14-Year-Old Offspring of Teenage Mothers  

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In this prospective study, we examined the long-term effects of prenatal cigarette smoke exposure (PCSE) on behavioral dysregulation (BD) in the offspring of adolescent mothers. The adolescent mothers (mean age = 16; range = 12–18; 70% African American) were interviewed about their tobacco use during pregnancy. Offspring were followed to age 14 years (n = 318). Indices of BD outcomes included aggression, rule breaking, externalizing, social problems, attention, distractibility and activity....

Cornelius, Marie D.; Goldschmidt, Lidush; Genna, Natacha M.; Larkby, Cynthia

2012-01-01

347

TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES’ OPINIONS ABOUT LISTENING PROBLEMS  

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Full Text Available Listening skill has an important place in people’s life, but is often neglected. This skill is obtained before birth, and should be developed systematically at school. People with developed listening skill are successful at education and in their social lives. To achieve this skill teachers are very important. First of all teachers should have enough knowledge about listening and listening problems. Especially Turkish teachers should try to improve listening skill. The aim of this study is to show the problems of Turkish teachers about listening and develop opinions and approaches to solve these problems. For this reason 97 Turkish-teacher candidates of Çukurova University were questioned in 2012-2013 academic year and these opinions were investigated according to gender factor. The question “What are the problems you face when listening to someone?” was asked, and so answered according to willingness. Data obtained from participants were investigated with content analyze technique, and classified into categories, sub-categories and themes. Participants indicated that listening problems happen % 58 because of senders, and % 22 because of receivers and % 21 because of other problems. It was observed that there is no great different on the base of gender. Some evaluations were made about listening problems and some suggestions were made.

Selim EM?RO?LU

2013-01-01

348

Construct Validation of the English Language Teaching Reflective Inventory with a Sample of Turkish University EFL Instructors  

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Although Reflective Practice is a popular approach to teacher education, there have been some recent criticisms regarding its effectiveness in students learning. Some researchers have put this down to the fact that the concept has not been operationalised, and it is thus impossible to set up empirical studies. The current study was conducted to examine the construct validity in a Turkish higher education context of a recent inventory which was designed to measure the reflective practice of...

Amanda Yesilbursa

2013-01-01

349

The validity and reliability of Kogan’s attitude towards old people scale in the Turkish society  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study was conducted methodologically in order to determine the validity and reliability of Kogan’s Attitude towards Old People Scale after being adapted to the Turkish Society. 145 female students, attending the 4th and 5th year of the faculty of Medical Sciences at Atatürk University, and 118 nurses, working at Ataturk University Aziziye-Yakutiye Research Hospitals, were in-cluded in the study. The sample group was chosen from the population using a non-probability convenience sampli...

Dilek Kiliç; Derya Adibelli

2011-01-01

350

Discursive Constructions of Language and Identity: Parents' Competing Perspectives in London Turkish Complementary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

In this paper, I draw on interview data to explore parents' constructions of language and identity in two London Turkish complementary schools. I examine parents' evaluative talk about standard Turkish, Cypriot-Turkish and other regional varieties of Turkish, the cultural values they attach to them and images of personhood these invoke. I…

Lytra, Vally

2012-01-01

351

Photoluminescence of Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purple-colored unique gem material is only found in the Harmanc?k (Bursa) region of the western Anatolia (Turkey). Therefore, it is specially called “Turkish purple jade or turkiyenite” on the worldwide gem market. Even though its jadeite implication is the principal constituent, the material cannot be considered as a single jadeite mineral since other implications are quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid and phlogopite minerals. Even if the analytical methods are used to characterize and identify the Turkish purple jade samples in detail, the luminescence spectra, especially photoluminescence features regarding to composite mineral implications of the material are important because of the existence the numerous characteristic broad and intensive luminescence bands in the samples. We can state that the UV-irradiation luminescence centers as photoluminescence (PL) are due to the overall signals in the Turkish purple jade samples. Accordingly, the distinctive photoluminescence peaks at 743, 717, 698, 484, 465 and 442 nm in PL-2D (counter diagram and sections) and PL-3D (sequence spectra) ranging between 300 and 900 nm of wavelengths, and between 220 and 340 K of temperatures are observed. Finally, photoluminescence features of the heterogeneous-structured material cannot be simply attributed to any chemical impurities, since the jade mass has numerous heterogeneous mineral constituents instead of a single jadeite mineral. Six different mineral implications and chemical impurities in the material composition display complex and individual all kind of luminescence features. Therefore, photoluminescence as well as radioluminescence, cathodoluminescence and thermoluminescence spectra provide positive identification regarding to the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite). - Highlights: ? The purple-colored gem material is only found in the Harmanc?k-Bursa region of Turkey. ? Material is called “Turkish purple jade” or “Turkiyenite” on the worldwide gem market. ? Photoluminescence peaks at 743–717–698–484–465–442 nm ranging 300–900 nm and 20–340 K. ? A combination of PL-2D and PL-3D graphics using the numerical data from UV excitation.

2012-11-01

352

Photoluminescence of Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite)  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purple-colored unique gem material is only found in the Harmanc Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I k (Bursa) region of the western Anatolia (Turkey). Therefore, it is specially called 'Turkish purple jade or turkiyenite' on the worldwide gem market. Even though its jadeite implication is the principal constituent, the material cannot be considered as a single jadeite mineral since other implications are quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid and phlogopite minerals. Even if the analytical methods are used to characterize and identify the Turkish purple jade samples in detail, the luminescence spectra, especially photoluminescence features regarding to composite mineral implications of the material are important because of the existence the numerous characteristic broad and intensive luminescence bands in the samples. We can state that the UV-irradiation luminescence centers as photoluminescence (PL) are due to the overall signals in the Turkish purple jade samples. Accordingly, the distinctive photoluminescence peaks at 743, 717, 698, 484, 465 and 442 nm in PL-2D (counter diagram and sections) and PL-3D (sequence spectra) ranging between 300 and 900 nm of wavelengths, and between 220 and 340 K of temperatures are observed. Finally, photoluminescence features of the heterogeneous-structured material cannot be simply attributed to any chemical impurities, since the jade mass has numerous heterogeneous mineral constituents instead of a single jadeite mineral. Six different mineral implications and chemical impurities in the material composition display complex and individual all kind of luminescence features. Therefore, photoluminescence as well as radioluminescence, cathodoluminescence and thermoluminescence spectra provide positive identification regarding to the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite). - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The purple-colored gem material is only found in the Harmanc Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I k-Bursa region of Turkey. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Material is called 'Turkish purple jade' or 'Turkiyenite' on the worldwide gem market. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Photoluminescence peaks at 743-717-698-484-465-442 nm ranging 300-900 nm and 20-340 K. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A combination of PL-2D and PL-3D graphics using the numerical data from UV excitation.

Hatipoglu, Murat, E-mail: murat.hatipoglu@deu.edu.tr [Dokuz Eyluel University, IMYO, Izmir Multidisciplinary Vocational School, Gemmology and Jewellery Programme, TR-35380 Buca-Izmir (Turkey); Dokuz Eyluel University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Natural Building Stones and Gem Stones, TR-35370 Buca-Izmir (Turkey); Basevirgen, Yasemin [Dokuz Eyluel University, IMYO, Izmir Multidisciplinary Vocational School, Gemmology and Jewellery Programme, TR-35380 Buca-Izmir (Turkey); Dokuz Eyluel University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Natural Building Stones and Gem Stones, TR-35370 Buca-Izmir (Turkey)

2012-11-15

353

Democracy through Learner-Centered Education: A Turkish Perspective  

Science.gov (United States)

Aimed at documenting the problems and constraints confronting learner-centered instruction in Turkey, this article first explains the link between democracy and education and the role of learner-centered instruction in realizing democratic ends. By drawing on John Dewey's ideas and Turkish scholars' perspectives on Turkish education, the article…

Yilmaz, Kaya

2009-01-01

354

What Trends Do Turkish Biology Education Studies Indicate?  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to determine what trends Turkish biology education studies indicate. To achieve this aim, the researchers examined online databases of the Higher Education Council and open access archives of graduate theses in web sites of Turkish universities. Finally, totally 138 graduate theses were elicited to analyze in regard to…

Topsakal, Unsal Umdu; Calik, Muammer; Cavus, Ragip

2012-01-01

355

The Adaptation of Academic Motivation Scale to Turkish  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study evaluated the psychometric evidence of Turkish form of the Academic Motivation Scale. The scale was based on the tenets of self-determination theory. It was designed to assess an individual's academic motivation if intrinsically or extrinsically driven with 28 questions. University form of the scale was translated into Turkish…

Karaguven, M. Hulya Unal

2012-01-01

356

Analysis of Turkish American Relations: Improvement or Deterioration.  

Science.gov (United States)

Turkish-American relations date back to the 1800s; however, they were far from well developed and did not solidify until the end of World War II. After an alliance of fifty years, the Second Iraq War indicated doomsday scenarios in terms of U.S.- Turkish ...

A. G. Isiklar

2008-01-01

357

Exploring Turkish Upper Primary Level Pupils' Understanding of Digestion  

Science.gov (United States)

This article reports a study of Turkish children's understanding of digestion in Grades 4 and 5 (ages 10-11). Data collection was carried out through the use of an open-ended questionnaire administered to 283 children in three Turkish primary schools. Follow-up interviews were conducted with 30 children in Grade 4 and 72 children in Grade 5. The…

Cakici, Yilmaz

2005-01-01

358

The Investigation of Intertextuality: The Use of Linguistic Texts of Turkish Teacher Candidates in the Written Texts That They Created  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine of the written texts in terms of the usage of the intertextuality of the Turkish teacher candidates in the written texts that they created. For this purpose, was asked from student teachers some writing compositions, at different periods and four separate topics in the lesson of writing training in the 2010-2011 academic years. Then, was made the selection of texts for review. Later, the compositions were examined. The working population of study is the third-grade students in Erciyes University Faculty of Education Department of Turkish Education. 12 student teachers were determined via purpose - random sampling method in the working population. The texts of candidate teachers in the working population (sample were chosen by way of random method from the inside total composition papers. The intertextual relationship format determined according to the types from the texts. According to results of the investigation, Turkish candidate teachers' written texts, meets the criteria of intertextuality.

Ali Göçer

2012-04-01

359

The validity and reliability of Kogan’s attitude towards old people scale in the Turkish society  

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Full Text Available This study was conducted methodologically in order to determine the validity and reliability of Kogan’s Attitude towards Old People Scale after being adapted to the Turkish Society. 145 female students, attending the 4th and 5th year of the faculty of Medical Sciences at Atatürk University, and 118 nurses, working at Ataturk University Aziziye-Yakutiye Research Hospitals, were in-cluded in the study. The sample group was chosen from the population using a non-probability convenience sampling method. A form containing demographic characteristics of nurses and nursing students, and the Turkish version of Kogan’s Attitude towards Old People Scale were used to gather the required data. Data was analysed using the t-test, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, correlation, and factor analyses. In the study, Cronbach’s Alpha Reliability Coefficient for Kogan’s Attitude towards Old People Scale was 0.81, and the scale comprised of one factor. The attitude of working nurses towards old people was more positive in comparison to the attitude of student nurses. After analysis, the scale was deemed highly valid and reliable, and suitable to be used for Turkish society. The scale may be used in studies to evaluative attitude toward old people and quality of the care offered to older people.

Dilek Kiliç

2011-09-01

360

A TEXTBOOK ANALYSIS OF SENIOR PRIMARY EDUCATION TURKISH COURSE BOOKS  

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Full Text Available Literary texts that take place in Turkish course books are an important means for teaching Turkish. The aim of this study is to search 6th, 7th and 8th grade Turkish course books in terms of text types. For this purpose, studies concerned with Turkish course books are discussed shortly. New Turkish curriculum is compared with the previous one. According to the 2006 curriculum reading texts that have to contain special features are discussed and the significance of types of texts is emphasized. In this study, all the texts in six books from four different publishing houses taught in 2008-2009 teaching year are examined, frequency of types used are defined; and finally those findings are discussed and implications are made. But free reading texts are not covered in this study.

Murat SOLAK

2009-10-01

 
 
 
 
361

Parsing Turkish with the Lexical Functional Grammar Formalism  

CERN Multimedia

This paper describes our work on parsing Turkish using the lexical-functional grammar formalism. This work represents the first significant effort for parsing Turkish. Our implementation is based on Tomita's parser developed at Carnegie-Mellon University Center for Machine Translation. The grammar covers a substantial subset of Turkish including simple and complex sentences, and deals with a reasonable amount of word order freeness. The complex agglutinative morphology of Turkish lexical structures is handled using a separate two-level morphological analyzer. After a discussion of key relevant issues regarding Turkish grammar, we discuss aspects of our system and present results from our implementation. Our initial results suggest that our system can parse about 82\\% of the sentences directly and almost all the remaining with very minor pre-editing.

Gungordu, Z; Gungordu, Zelal; Oflazer, Kemal

1994-01-01

362

Opinions of Turkish Language and Literature Teachers on the Curriculum of Turkish Literature Course Based on the Constructivist Learning Theory  

Science.gov (United States)

The main objective of this study is to collect the opinions of Turkish Language and Literature teachers at secondary schools about the Curriculum of the Turkish Literature Course based on the constructivist learning theory. To this end, the descriptive method was employed to collect teacher opinions. Structured interview was used as a data…

Epcacan, Cahit

2013-01-01

363

Measurement and assessment for science education in the Turkish educational context: Problems and reflections  

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Full Text Available Research on teaching and learning supports the movement toward new assessment approaches. Educational assessment has an important effect on learners' growth, achievement and self-esteem. International literature includes a series of conceptual models that introduce the means and importance of student assessment from different perspectives. In this article, first we examined these new trends and focused on some new assessment methods in science education and then looked at the Turkish context based on the discussed criteria for science assessment. Then we analyzed some thoughts about the future of science assessment.

Mehmet KÜÇÜK

2004-12-01

364

Safety Perception of Turkish and European Passengers in Turkish Airports: A Cross-National Comparison  

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Full Text Available This research primarily aimed to illustrate the national differences of passengers regarding their perceptions ofTurkish airport safety. Secondly, airport safety perceptions by some other consumer characteristics such asdemographics, flight characteristics, fairness perception and satisfaction from airport services were tried to berevealed.The research had a between-groups comparison design of data obtained in a one time measurement of the field.The predictions were tested in a sample of 911 Turkish and, 595 European passengers in Turkish airports. Datacollecting method used in the study was 7-point Likert type self-report questionnaire filled by the respondents onvoluntary basis in a categorical and random sampling. Independent sample t-tests, one-way Analysis of VarianceANOVA were used to reveal group differences in safety perceptions by nationalities and some other consumer characteristics.Significant differences among nationalities were found regarding safety perceptions. Meaningful differenceswere found by flight frequency, fairness perception and satisfaction degree from the services at airport. Studygains importance as being of the first time investigation of the differences between European and Turkishpassengers about Turkish airports regarding safety perception.

Nuriye Güres

2011-04-01

365

Türkçe Ders Kitaplar?nda Bilim Ve Teknoloji Science And Technology In Turkish Textbook  

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Full Text Available Turkish lesson has the maximum loan in terms of hours per week in primary school programs. Turkish lesson, not only teach our language also contributes development of students in terms of liberal education and knowledge with the most beautiful example of the texts. For this reason, Turkish textbook is an important tool in Turkish lesson. In terms of information given in textbook, can be found all types of text. One of them is also subjects of science and technology. A childgets acquainted with the science and technology at early age in theinformation age that we have. While a child nested lives science andtechnology products; reaching more info about these, actualizes inschool age. The child?s recognizing technology in education early agecomes true with Turkish lesson. Becauseteaching accrues withlanguage in education. Turkish lesson that aims teaching a soundmother language at early years uses as a tool all of types text withbooks. In later periods, technology and science subjects of educationare also started teaching in other lessons. Even, while there is a lesson„Information Tecnologies? that given directly these subjects, this lessonhas been removed since 2010-2011 acedemic year. Because thesesubjects were distributed properly other lessons contents. Under thecircunstances, in later periods science and technology subjects havebeen more important in Turkish textbooks.In this study, 6-8 classes Turkish textbooks that approved byMEB and teached Turkey?s different parts were searched. Primarily intextbooks, texts were searched by determining „Science and Technology?topic; later digger topics science and technology-content texts wereevaluated by searching. Türkçe dersi, ilkö?retim programlar?nda, haftal?k ders saati bak?m?ndan en fazla krediye sahiptir. Çünkü Türkçe dersi, sadece dilimizi ö?retmiyor en güzel örnek metilerle genel kültür ve bilgi bak?m?ndan ö?rencilerin geli?imine de katk?da bulunuyor. Bu sebeple, Türkçe dersinde ders kitaplar? önemli bir araçt?r. ?çerisinde verdi?i bilgi bak?m?ndan her türlü metin bulunabilir. Bunlardan biri de bilim ve teknoloji konular?d?r. ?çinde bulundu?umuz bili?im ça??nda çocuk, bilim ve teknoloji ile çok erken ya?larda tan??maktad?r. Bilim ve teknolojik ürünlerle iç içe ya?arken bunlar hakk?nda daha geni? bilgilere ula?mas? ise okul ça??nda olmaktad?r. Çocu?un, okulda e?itimin erken y?llar?nda teknolojiyi tan?mas? Türkçe dersi arac?l???yla olmaktad?r. Çünkü e?itimde ö?retim dil ile gerçekle?ir. Erken y?llarda sa?lam bir ana dili ö?retimi vermeyi amaçlayan Türkçe dersi, kitaplar arac?l???yla her türlü metni araç olarak kullan?r. E?itimin ilerleyen dönemlerinde, teknoloji ve bilim konular? ba?ka derslerde de verilmeye ba?lan?r. Hatta bu konular? do?rudan veren “Bili?im Teknolojileri” adl? bir ders varken, 2011-2012 e?itim ö?reitm y?l?ndan itibaren bu ders kald?r?lm??t?r. Çünkü bu konular, di?er derslerin içeriklerine uygun bir ?ekilde da??t?lm??t?r. Durum böyle olunca da ilerleyen dönemlerde Türkçe ders kitaplar?nda ilim ve teknoloji konular? daha önemli hale gelmi?tir.Bu ara?t?rmada, MEB taraf?ndan onaylanm?? ve Türkiye?nin de?i?ik yerlerindeki okullarda okutulan 6-8. s?n?flar Türkçe dersi kitaplar? incelenmi?tir. Kitaplarda öncelikle “Bilim ve Teknoloji” temas? tespit edilerek metinler incelenmi?, daha sonra da digger temalardaki bilim ve teknoloji içerikli metinler incelenerek de?erlendirilmi?tir.

Alpaslan OKUR

2012-12-01

366

Somatic and emotional well-being among Turkish immigrants in Belgium: acculturation or culture?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The present studies investigate differences in well-being between Turkish immigrants, Belgian majority members, and Turkish majority members. Furthermore, the relationships between two acculturation dimensions (adaptation and maintenance) and well-being is investigated within the immigrant group. In a first study, somatic well-being is studied in a sample of 519 Belgian majority members, 229 Turkish immigrants, and 232 Turkish majority members. Turkish immigrants reported the most somatic com...

Beirens, Koen; Fontaine, Johnny

2011-01-01

367

Historical approach to Turkish folk and classical music  

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Full Text Available Turkish Classical Music, especially with the success at the Ottoman period, is a music of a civilization. It became a common language in all geographies and people that Turks made contacts with in various ways. Turkish civilization does not deny what she learned from Persians and Arabs, but she managed to use them to improve herself and developing better by adding the information to herself. This shows her power of creating civilization. One of the main signs of this three-continent-spread culture is of course Turkish Classical Music. ?t is seen that collective awareness and mind which forms Turkish Classical Music, first recovered the common points, coming from the roots, between Turkish “boy” clans then considered the musical specialities of other societies that share same climate, geography, or some cultural values with Turks. In this manner, the music developed, came to the point that we say “classic”, in which societies and nations found themselves within, by climbing over the identity of being a particular group’s or society’s music. This study is directed towards to recover the main components which gives Turkish Classical Music its character in the process of development by looking beyond the history. In this point the relationship between Turkish Classical and Folk Music is presented.The main path to Muslim Turkishness in the art and political area – Oguz Turkishness is emphasized and their understanding and behaviour before and after Islam is discussed from the music side. Second mainland of Turks, Anatolia is again discussed under another title by the means of Seljuks, Anatolian Seljuks and Beyliks periods; reflections of Oguz “bey” understanding in music is told. The effects of the sufi understanding which came to Anatolia over Horasan on music and the Anatolian Turkishness’ role over sufi understanding is considered, Ahi organization which is said to be a semi religious foundation of Turkish style mentioned by the means of music.The most natural tones of understanding and practises of deciding Turkish Classical Music’s Turkishness could have been existed by modelings and integrations on the example of Folk Music. On the other side we see Folk Music taking the things which is integrated from her as a model so it is seen that this process is working with an enlarging, developing and transferring continuation.

Fatma Adile Baser

2006-08-01

368

THE GREAT SILK ROAD AND TURKISH WORLD  

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Full Text Available The expression of the great Silk Road first came from the famouse Chinese traveler Çjan Syan before the BC and is now known as Kervan Road. Later, this expression gained a new meaning between Asia, the Mediterranean and the European countries.An estimated of 20 000 km of total length of the Great Silk Road passed the Turkish peoples settled lands. The Silk Road that was considered as the Jugularvein major trade route that was connecting China and Byzantium was in Turks hands.

Mustafa ÖZDEM?R

2011-04-01

369

PIXE analysis of gallstones from Turkish patients  

Science.gov (United States)

The trace element analysis of gallstone samples removed by cholecystectomy from 100 Turkish patients has been done by using protons at 23.5 MeV and the PIXE method. Ca, Fe, Mn, K, Cl, Br, Cu and Zn elements were observed in the samples in varying concentrations related to the types of the gallstone. Elemental concentrations of the gall stones for these elements were determined. Rb was used as the internal reference. Ca concentration is the highest and it is followed by Fe, Mn.

Okumu?o?lu, Nazmi T.; Korkmaz, Filiz; Birchall, Jim

2006-06-01

370

PIXE analysis of gallstones from Turkish patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The trace element analysis of gallstone samples removed by cholecystectomy from 100 Turkish patients has been done by using protons at 23.5 MeV and the PIXE method. Ca, Fe, Mn, K, Cl, Br, Cu and Zn elements were observed in the samples in varying concentrations related to the types of the gallstone. Elemental concentrations of the gall stones for these elements were determined. Rb was used as the internal reference. Ca concentration is the highest and it is followed by Fe, Mn

2006-06-23

371

Eurimages and Turkish cinema: history, identity, culture  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Out of the new sources for financing films that emerged in the post-1990 Turkish cinema, Eurimages is the only non-domestic, supra-national one wherein support decisions are taken by the representatives of various member states. Eurimages was established as a part of the framework of the Council of Europe in 1988 to foster co-operation amongst film professionals in the co-production and distribution of cinematographic works as well as to promote awareness and encourage the development of Euro...

Y?lmazok, L.

2012-01-01

372

PIXE analysis of gallstones from Turkish patients  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The trace element analysis of gallstone samples removed by cholecystectomy from 100 Turkish patients has been done by using protons at 23.5 MeV and the PIXE method. Ca, Fe, Mn, K, Cl, Br, Cu and Zn elements were observed in the samples in varying concentrations related to the types of the gallstone. Elemental concentrations of the gall stones for these elements were determined. Rb was used as the internal reference. Ca concentration is the highest and it is followed by Fe, Mn.

Okumusoglu, Nazmi T. [Department of Physics, Rize Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, Rize (Turkey)]. E-mail: nazmituran@superonline.com; Korkmaz, Filiz [Department of Physics, Rize Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, Rize (Turkey); Birchall, Jim [Cyclotron Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 (Canada)

2006-06-23

373

Stuttering types in Turkish schoolaged children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Aim: Stuttering types in 8-12 years old Turkish children who stutter were evaluated.Material and Method: Patients having speech disorders who applied to Hacettepe University Audiology and Speech Pathology Department were evaluated. Fifteen stutterers who had the criteria for diagnosis of stuttering were included in the study. Results: Mean age of the patients were 8.3 years, and of the 15 patients 13 (86.7%) were males and 2 (13.3%) were females. Stuttering types in patients were 89.7% withi...

2010-01-01

374

ISLAM AND TURKISH IMMIGRANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS /  

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Full Text Available According to a recent report of the European MonitoringCentre on Racism and Xenophobia on Muslims in Europe, policiesand public discourse on Islam and experiences of discrimination andsocial and economic marginalization in the last five years havenegatively impacted on Muslim immigrants’ sense of belonging to thehost countries (Choudhury et al. 29. This is also true for the Turkish1immigrants in the Netherlands among whom only a small percentage(12 % regard themselves as being part of Dutch society (FORUMFactbook on the Position of Muslims in the Netherlands 16.

Dr. Umut AZAK

2008-12-01

375

TURKISH BRIDGE EXTENDING FROM MACEDONIA: ‘JOURNAL OF ‘KÖPRܒ  

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Full Text Available Macedonia has hosted to different nations throughout the history. It constitutes a mosaic structure in which people from different nations, languages and cultures live together. 34 different nationalities and ethnic groups, particularly Macedonians, Turks, Albanian, Gypsies (Roms, Bulgarians, Wallach, Greeks and Bosnians live in the country. A long history of Turkish is in question in these lands. Turks in Macedonia conserve the Turkish culture in unity. Even if some problems are confronted resulting from their being minority, they can study in Turkish and print out Turkish newspapers and journals. Journal of ‘Köprü’ is a journal which is printed out in Skopje city of Macedonia by which important names of Macedonian Turkish literature and Turkish youth make themselves heard. It is seen in the articles of the journal that Turkish culture is studied intensively. In this research, information about ‘Köprü’ culture, art, literature journal and Association of ‘Köprü’ Culture, Art and Education has been given and it has been tried to be advertised. The editions of the journals which have been obtained have been examined and evaluations have been made about the articles in the journal.

Nuray KAYAD?B?

2012-12-01

376

Does Time Inconsistency Problem Apply For Turkish Monetary Policy?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We analyze the implications of the time inconsistency problem for the Turkish monetary policy in the last two decades. After deriving the restrictions that the Barro and Gordon model imposes on a time series model for inflation and output, we show that the time inconsistency problem can explain both the short-run and the long-run behaviour of inflation and output in the Turkish economy. The results also reveal that the Turkish monetary policymakers have put more emphasis on output stability t...

O?zlale, U?mit; Ozcan, Kivilcim Metin

2005-01-01

377

Marshak Lectureship: The Turkish Accelerator Center, TAC  

Science.gov (United States)

The Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) project is comprised of five different electron and proton accelerator complexes, to be built over 15 years, with a phased approach. The Turkish Government funds the project. Currently there are 23 Universities in Turkey associated with the TAC project. The current funded project, which is to run until 2013 aims *To establish a superconducting linac based infra-red free electron laser and Bremsstrahlung Facility (TARLA) at the Golbasi Campus of Ankara University, *To establish the Institute of Accelerator Technologies in Ankara University, and *To complete the Technical Design Report of TAC. The proposed facilities are a 3^rd generation Synchrotron Radiation facility, SASE-FEL facility, a GeV scale Proton Accelerator facility and an electron-positron collider as a super charm factory. In this talk, an overview on the general status and road map of TAC project will be given. National and regional importance of TAC will be expressed and the structure of national and internatonal collaborations will be explained.

Yavas, Omer

2012-02-01

378

TURKISH BANKING SECTOR’S PROFITABILITY FACTORS  

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Full Text Available Profitability of banking sector is the most important instrument of financial system for the future of the economy. The objective of this study is to determine by using Johansen and Juselius cointegration test approach of the bank specific and macroeconomic factors that affect the profitability of commercial banks in Turkish banking sector. In study, the data are collected from the three biggest state-owned, privately-owned and foreign banks. The sample period spans from 1998 to 2011. In the study, return of asset, return of equity and net interest margin were used as proxy for profitability of banks. The bank specific determinants, which were thought to have effects on profitability are total credits/total assets, total deposits/total assets, total liquid assets/total assets, total wage and commission incomes/ total assets, total wage and commission expenses/total assets, the logarithm of total assets and total equity/total assets. The macroeconomic determinants of study are real gross domestic product, inflation rate, real exchange rate and real interest rate. Empirical findings suggest that the bank specific determinants have been more effect than macroeconomic factors on profitability of the banks. The reel gross domestic product and real exchange rate have been effective on the profitability. In addition, the 2001 economic crisis has a negative effect on all Turkish Banking sector.

Songül Kakilli ACARAVCI

2013-01-01

379

Turkish accelerator complex, FEL resonator system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Accelerator technology is an important tool for the development in almost all fields of science and technology. Considering the importance of accelerator technology, a feasibility report and conceptual design report (CDR) on Turkish Accelerator Complex (TAC) in Turkey has been completed in 2005. It is proposed that the complex will contain a collider, light sources (SR, FEL) and a proton accelerator. Beginning of 2006, third phase of the TAC project is started with the collaboration 10 Turkish Universities. There are three main goals of this phase: to built Institute of Accelerator Technologies, to write the Technical Design Report of TAC, and to construct linac based infrared free electron laser facility to use in basic applied research and to get experience on related technologies. TAC IR-FEL will be covered range of 2-250 microns that based on 15-40 MeV e-linac. The main system of TAC project is briefly presented while calculated resonator and mirror system parameters for TAC IR-FEL. Resonator and optic cavity system such as maximum density, saturation density, power, pulse energy, RMS pulse length are obtained and explained in more detail. In this research, diffraction losses are calculated by using mirror parameters in GLASD program. In order to maximize FEL efficiency, controlled optic cavity system, stability and beam quality of the out-coupled signal are needed. FEL parameters are given depending on electron beam parameters

2010-03-01

380

The Eveluation of 2005 Turkish Literature Course Teaching Pogramme: Eski?ehir Sample  

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Full Text Available This research was conducted to determine the application problems of 2005 Turkish literature courses 9th class education programme prepared according to text based classification in the aspect of constructivist approach and to define teachers? views and suggestions for this subject.In the 2007-2008 education year, school type, occupation seniority and graduation variables were used in the questionnaire which was applied to 180 Turkish Language and Liteature teachers working in several types of high schools in Eski?ehir. The data were interpreted according to chi-square test and rank point was used where chi-square test was not applied. The teachers pointed out that they were not informed about new education programme adequately found the text based classification useful in aspect of teaching writing. However, they thought that the program was above student?s spiritual, language level in an academic depth and comprehensive frame. All of teachers needed a literature guide book showing new methods.

Sevim Nilay I?IKSALAN

2011-04-01

 
 
 
 
381

Perception of play in Turkish culture / Percepção do jogo na cultura turkish  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A finalidade principal do estudo era ganhar a consciência melhor de como os pais turkish percebem o jogo. Os participantes eram 340 mães que responderam a dois questionários que têm a característica de se terminar para uma de suas crianças quatro e cinco anos velhas. As respostas dadas por mães para [...] cada pergunta jogo-relacionada foram avaliadas usando freqüências e porcentagens. Os resultados mostraram que os pais turkish são playmates diretivos e controladores, e a maioria refletiu a opinião tradicional de que o jogo é para a criança não para adultos e de que os adultos podem se envolver como mestres. Os resultados, quando feito exame conjunto, mostram um retrato interessante de que as mães saibam o que fazer, mas de algum modo eram incapazes e saber como fazê-lo. Isto é provavelmente por causa das atitudes dos pais frente ao jogo. Abstract in english The main purpose of the study was to gain better awareness of how Turkish parents perceive the play. Participants were 340 mothers of the nursery children who responded to two questionnaires, which have the feature of completing each other, for one of their children aged between four and five. The r [...] esponses given by mothers for each play-related question were evaluated by using frequencies and percentages. Results showed that Turkish parents are directive and controlling playmates, and majority reflected traditional belief that play is for child not for adults and adults may involve in as a master. The results, when taken into account with together, made an interesting picture that mothers know what to do but somehow they are incapable how to do so. This is mostly because of the attitudes of parents toward play.

Oksal, Aynur.

382

Safety Perception of Turkish and European Passengers in Turkish Airports: A Cross-National Comparison  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This research primarily aimed to illustrate the national differences of passengers regarding their perceptions of
Turkish airport safety. Secondly, airport safety perceptions by some other consumer characteristics such as
demographics, flight characteristics, fairness perception and satisfaction from airport services were tried to be
revealed.
The research had a between-groups comparison design of data obtained in a one time measurement of the field...

Nuriye Güres; Halil Demirer; Senkan Aldemir; Lutfu Tayfur; Seda Arslan

2011-01-01

383

Recent Turkish migrants in Serbia and the role of the Serbian-Turkish Friendship Association  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The theme of this work is the population of recent Turkish migrants who live on the territory of Serbia. I wanted to establish which factors from a wider social context have an effect on the selection of signs by which ethnic groups are differentiated. Parallel to this I wanted to establish if there are any factors which could have an effect on ethnic closeness, and on what level.

Blagojevi? Gordana

2008-01-01

384

The status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC)  

Science.gov (United States)

Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) project is supported by the State Planning Organization (SPO) of Turkey and coordinated by Ankara University. After having completed the Feasibility Report (FR) in 2000 and the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) in 2005, third phase of the project started in 2006 as an inter-universities project including ten Turkish Universities with the support of SPO. Third phase of the project has two main scientific goals: to prepare the Technical Design Report (TDR) of TAC and to establish an Infrared Free Electron Laser (IR FEL) facility, named as Turkish Accelerator and Radiation Laboratory at Ankara (TARLA) as a first step. The facility is planned to be completed in 2015 and will be based on 15-40 MeV superconducting linac. In this paper, main aims, national and regional importance, main parts main parameters, status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center will be presented.

Yava?, Ö.

2012-02-01

385

The status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) project is supported by the State Planning Organization (SPO) of Turkey and coordinated by Ankara University. After having completed the Feasibility Report (FR) in 2000 and the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) in 2005, third phase of the project started in 2006 as an inter-universities project including ten Turkish Universities with the support of SPO. Third phase of the project has two main scientific goals: to prepare the Technical Design Report (TDR) of TAC and to establish an Infrared Free Electron Laser (IR FEL) facility, named as Turkish Accelerator and Radiation Laboratory at Ankara (TARLA) as a first step. The facility is planned to be completed in 2015 and will be based on 15-40 MeV superconducting linac. In this paper, main aims, national and regional importance, main parts main parameters, status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center will be presented.

2012-02-14

386

An Analysis Consumer Behaviour in the Turkish Domestic Tourism Market  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper is intended to provide an analysis of the consumer behaviour in the Turkish domestic tourism market: a market still in its "infancy" in comparison with many other countries, but with substantial growth potential.

Koc?, Erdog?an

2003-01-01

387

Gender wage discrimination in the Turkish labor market  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

While the topic of gender equality turns out to be an important element in the preparation of Turkey to join the European Union, very little empirical research on this issue has been done using Turkish data. This paper aims to contribute toward filling this gap. We propose an estimate of the wage discrimination in Turkey relying on different decompositions of the gender waga differential. The data set used is the 2003 Turkish Household Budget Survey. In Turkey, the observed average gender wag...

Cudeville, Elisabeth; Gurbuzer, Leman Yonca

2007-01-01

388

A market research for Turkish commercial banking business  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Following the liberalization of Turkish economy in 1980, Turkish macro and micro economic indicators have designated boom. Also considering the globalization effect and increase in the correlation among banking industries’ of countries, Turkey has been experiencing an evolution in banking business. Besides, fed with some economic crises effects, the customers’ perceptions about “new ways of banking” in this dynamic environment are worthwhile to study from a marketer’s viewpoint. To ...

2008-01-01

389

Everyday urban public space : Turkish immigrant women's perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This thesis examines the use, experience, and appropriation of everyday urban public spaces by Turkish immigrant women living in Enschede, the Netherlands. Based on the two premises of conceptualizing the urban public space as a social construct and of valorizing users as social actors, the main objective of this thesis is to explore and analyze the spatial practices and variety of conceptions and interpretations of everyday urban public spaces, presenting the multi-facetedness of Turkish imm...

U?nlu? Yu?cesoy, E.

2006-01-01

390

Generating Context-Appropriate Word Orders in Turkish  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Turkish has considerably freer word order than English. The interpretations of different word orders in Turkish rely on information that describes how a sentence relates to its discourse context. To capture the syntactic features of a free word order language, I present an adaptation of Combinatory Categorial Grammars called {}-CCGs (set-CCGs). In {}-CCGs, a verb's subcategorization requirements are relaxed so that it requires a set of arguments without specifying their line...

Hoffman, Beryl

1994-01-01

391

Behavioural aspects influencing the performance of Turkish fund managers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Using original survey data collected by the authors in 2005 we investigate the determinants of Turkish fund managers’ performance as measured by the number of clients that a fund manager has, the number of investment funds that the manager is responsible for and the size of the manager’s portfolio. All three measures of Turkish fund manager performance systematically vary with fund manager characteristics. This is consistent with Chevalier and Ellison’s (1999) finding...

Omar Masood; Sergi, Bruno S.

2009-01-01

392

Behavioural aspects influencing the performance of Turkish fund managers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Using original survey data collected by the authors in 2005 we investigate the determinants of Turkish fund managers’ performance as measured by the number of clients that a fund manager has, the number of investment funds that the manager is responsible for and the size of the manager’s portfolio. All three measures of Turkish fund manager performance systematically vary with fund manager characteristics. This is consistent with Chevalier and Ellison’s (1...

Omar Masood; Sergi, Bruno S.

2010-01-01

393

Geographical motifs in Turkish folk music lexicon and similarity analysis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Turkish folk music, as the name implies, is music that comes from the people and it is a kind of music that defines and tells the people. It is significantly affected by the physical and human features of the region where it is said. Turkey which is located on Anatolia that hosts many civilizations through history has rich folk music culture. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of geography in shaping Turkish folk music and to specify Turkish folk music regions. For this purpose, 4440 Turkish folk music works which are hold in TRT repertoire are scanned and the geographic words in these works are classified according to provinces. According to these selected words, similarity levels of the provinces are identified. Hierarchical clustering analysis is applied to determine the similarity levels of the provinces. Similarity distance between provinces is calculated with the hierarchical cluster analysis. As a result of this analysis, the works of Turkish folk music influenced by geographical features and there are some similarities and interactions between localities and the regions. According to geographic vocabulary similarities used in the works of Turkish folk music, Turkey is divided into six regions, namely Western Anatolia, Central Anatolia, East Anatolia, Middle East Anatolia, Southeast Anatolia and the Black Sea region.

Mehmet ?ahin

2012-11-01

394

Hamdi Suat-Hulusi Behçet: An Affective Trainee - Tutor Relationship from Turkish Medical History  

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Full Text Available This article is about the trainee - tutor relationship between two eminent figures of Turkish medical history, namely Hamdi Suat Aknar (1873-1936 and Hulusi Behçet (1889-1948. Hamdi Suat Aknar was the pioneer of modern pathology in Turkey. Alongside his scientific achievements, he took educational activities seriously and exerted a great effort to train his students as proficient clinicians and physicians with good command of histology and histopathology. Hulusi Behçet met Hamdi Suat Aknar when he was a medical student and did not lose his contact with him ever since, even after becoming an internationally well-known scientist. Hulusi Behçet mentioned his tutor with gratitude at every opportunity and wrote a necrology full of sincerity after his death.

Gülay SATAR

2011-09-01

395

INSTEAD OF TEACHING THE TEXT LEARNING WITH TEXT IN TEACHING TURKISH  

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Full Text Available In our world, from 1900s to the present, much kind of approaches and methods have been applied on language teaching. These approaches are traditional, behavioral, constructive and cognitive as the main parts. The traditional approach which is the oldest approach in the language teaching covers the teaching of rules of the grammer, literature, proverbs and liberal education.The language has been teached as the other behaviors, like repetation, imitation, memorizing and classical conditioning as the stimulation-reaction in behavioral approach. These thoughts had start to been changed in 1950s and the thought that is the “language is the for the communicating” had start to spred. Then the studies containing communication and the usage of the language in daily life have been done. Nowadays with the constructive approach, the thought that is “language is the social communication tool” has been supported.The developing of mental, emotional, and social skills have been handled and teaching of language has been done with the many kind of activities,duties and projects. In our country, important developments have been done during the last years parallel to the world. A new Turkish Programme with the constructive approach has been prepared by leaving the behavioral approach. Education approaches such as constructive approach, multiples intellect, student-centered learning, inter-disciplinary approach, etc. are taken as basis in new 2004 Turkish Education Programme. In this way, new Turkish Programme contains developing skills such as mental, emotional, and social and language teaching is being done with the many kind of activities,duties and projects.

Firdevs GÜNE?

2013-01-01

396

Workplace violence: a study of Turkish workers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This research was conducted to address the experience of workplace violence of Turkish workers from different sectors and to investigate the impact of the exposed violence on their psychological well-being. Data were collected anonymously with printed questionnaires from the volunteer participants and depended on self-reporting. The response rate was 79.0% (1708/2161). The prevalence of workplace violence was found to be 44.8%. The most common type was verbal violence together with mobbing (bullying). Victims of physical violence were mostly males, whereas females were found to be victims of verbal, psychological and sexual violence. Most cases did not result in legal action and the victims remained silent. Psychological well-being of exposed workers in terms of depression, anxiety and stress seemed to deteriorate. Workplace violence remains a silent epidemic in Turkey. Preventive measures against workplace violence and social support for violated workers do not exist. PMID:22152504

Aytac, Serpil; Bozkurt, Veysel; Bayram, Nuran; Yildiz, Selver; Aytac, Mustafa; Akinci, Fusun Sokullu; Bilgel, Nazan

2011-01-01

397

Aicardi syndrome in two Turkish children.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aicardi syndrome (AS) is an X-linked inherited disorder characterized by infantile spasms, chorioretinal lacunae, and agenesis or hypogenesis of the corpus callosum. The syndrome is more frequently seen in females but is observed in XXY male patients. Central nervous system, ocular, and costovertebral malformations may also seen in AS. Eye findings are of a considerable diagnostic importance; the chorioretinal lacunae are pathognomonic for AS and are generally bilateral. The outcome of the disease is generally severe, with a high mortality rate and poor developmental outcome. It is not clear which characteristics of the syndrome are related to a good prognosis in terms of psychomotor development, epileptic seizures, and survival. The purpose of this report was to demonstrate the spectrum of the clinical findings and the course of AS in two Turkish patients with different ocular and cranial MRI findings. PMID:22750766

Bayram, Erhan; Topcu, Yasemin; Akinci, Gulcin; Hiz, Semra; Cakmakci, Handan

2013-01-01

398

Estimation of Turkish road transport emissions  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Using the COPERT III program, an inventory of Turkish road transport emissions was calculated and the contributions of road transport to global and local air pollutant emissions were examined for the year 2004. It was observed that passenger cars are the main source of CO, HC, and Pb emissions while heavy duty vehicles are mainly responsible for NO{sub x}, particulate matter (PM), and SO{sub 2} emissions. Taking the emissions for the year 2004 as the baseline, a parametric study was conducted to determine the emission reduction potentials of different road transport strategies. The results indicated that the following road transport strategies; fleet renewal, promotion of public transportation, and faster urban traffic speed are very effective strategies for reducing regulated emissions and fuel consumption (FC) from a technical point of view. It was also noted that replacement of two-stroke motorcycles with four-stroke motorcycles is as effective as fleet renewal in reducing HC emissions. (author)

Soylu, Seref [Sakarya University, Sakarya (Turkey). Faculty of Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering

2007-08-15

399

Estimation of Turkish road transport emissions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Using the COPERT III program, an inventory of Turkish road transport emissions was calculated and the contributions of road transport to global and local air pollutant emissions were examined for the year 2004. It was observed that passenger cars are the main source of CO, HC, and Pb emissions while heavy duty vehicles are mainly responsible for NO x , particulate matter (PM), and SO2 emissions. Taking the emissions for the year 2004 as the baseline, a parametric study was conducted to determine the emission reduction potentials of different road transport strategies. The results indicated that the following road transport strategies; fleet renewal, promotion of public transportation, and faster urban traffic speed are very effective strategies for reducing regulated emissions and fuel consumption (FC) from a technical point of view. It was also noted that replacement of two-stroke motorcycles with four-stroke motorcycles is as effective as fleet renewal in reducing HC emissions

2007-08-01

400

The Turkish version of Maternal Attachment Inventory  

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Full Text Available Objective: The research has been designed as methodological with purpose of the validity and the reliability of the Turkish language version of Maternal Attachment Inventory on mothers within one and four months postpartum. Method: This study was carried out with mothers registered at 19 Health Clinics and three Maternal-Child Health and Family Planning Clinics in which connected to Bornova Health Presidency in Izmir. The sample of research has been composed three clinics in which determined with the purposive sampling technique. First stage, the research was studied on 165 mothers when their babies were approximately 30-40 days old in these registered clinics.At the second stage of research has been interviewed again with 78 mothers when their babies were approximately 90-105 days old.Results: It is determined that experts consensuses about content of items as a result of analysis (Kendall’s W=0.274, p=0.001

Oya Kavlak

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Stuttering types in Turkish schoolaged children  

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Full Text Available Aim: Stuttering types in 8-12 years old Turkish children who stutter were evaluated.Material and Method: Patients having speech disorders who applied to Hacettepe University Audiology and Speech Pathology Department were evaluated. Fifteen stutterers who had the criteria for diagnosis of stuttering were included in the study. Results: Mean age of the patients were 8.3 years, and of the 15 patients 13 (86.7% were males and 2 (13.3% were females. Stuttering types in patients were 89.7% within-words and 11.3% were between words. Within-words stuttering types were significantly higher than between words stuttering types (p=0.001.Conclusions: Dysfluencies beginning in the preschool period, without any intervention turn to be stuttering during the schoolage period. Therefore, early intervention strategies and sharing of those strategies with families are important to prevent stuttering. (Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45: 141-3

Mavi? Emel Kulak Kay?kç?

2010-05-01

402

Climate Change Impacts on Turkish Vegetation  

Science.gov (United States)

The Mediterranean has been identified as a potentially vulnerable hotspot under climate change. In Turkey, climate change projections consistently predict large temperature rises over the 21st century. With 9% of GDP and 25% of employment coming from agriculture, climate change has the potential to significantly affect both the Turkish economy and living standards. Relatively little work has been undertaken to estimate the effects and risks of climate change in Turkey, and many European studies cover do not include the whole of Turkey in their domain and so are of limited use for policy-makers. The Dynamic Global Vegetation Model LPJ-GUESS was parametrised to represent Turkish vegetation. Climate forcings were derived by interpolating meteorological data from over 600 stations from 1975-2010 to a 1km resolution. Soil depth and soil texture data from field measurements were also interpolated to a 1km grid. The model was benchmarked against vegetation type and remotely sensed biomass and tree cover data. Future climate conditions were calculated using the outputs from a set of regional model simulations. In particular the HadRM3P regional climate model was used to downscale five members of a perturbed physics ensemble of global climate projections obtained using HadCM3 general circulation model and the SRES A1B scenario. A delta change factor approach was then used in conjunction with the observed climate data to assess the impact on vegetation structure and ecological processes to the year 2100 using LPJ-GUESS. The resulting changes to productivity, vegetation structure and hydrology are discussed. Eventually these results will be combined with complementary studies concerning wildfire and erosion to produce a risk map for informing policy-makers.

Forrest, Matthew; Dönmez, Cenk; Çilek, Ahmet; Akif Erdogan, Mehmet; Buontempo, Carlo; Hickler, Thomas

2014-05-01

403

76 FR 30751 - Culturally Significant Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: “Turkish Taste at the Court...  

Science.gov (United States)

...Object Imported for Exhibition Determinations: ``Turkish Taste at the Court of Marie-Antoinette'' SUMMARY: Notice is hereby...that the object to be included in the exhibition ``Turkish Taste at the Court of Marie- Antoinette,'' imported from...

2011-05-26

404

The role of Austrian physicians and Prof. Joseph Hyrtl (1810-1894) on modernization of Ottoman-Turkish medicine.  

Science.gov (United States)

Medical schools have a long history in Ottoman-Turkish medical education. At Ottoman medical schools (medreses), education has been given to students regularly. But because of social dogma and oppression of religion on the science of human anatomy they could not get a chance to improve for centuries. Traditionally, Ottoman-Turkish medical education was shaped under the influence of Galenos (129-200) and Avicenna (980-1037). These influences continued until the beginning of the 19th century. In this period, Avicenna's most famous medical book "Kanun-i fit-tip" was a main anatomy textbook in medical education of the eleventh century. Modernization of educational systems in the Ottoman Empire started during the reign of Sultan Selim the 3rd (1789-1807) and modern anatomy in Ottoman-Turkish Medicine has flourished following the Austrian physicians. Today's Department of Anatomy at Istanbul Medical School of the Istanbul University is a continuation of Galatasaray Medical School which was the first medical school achieving the western educational level. PMID:14704006

Ortu?, Gürsel; Yücel, Ferruh; Ay, Hakan

2003-12-01

405

Bilingual Speech and Language Ecology in Greek Thrace: Romani and Pomak in contact with Turkish  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper examines the influence of language ecology (Mufwene 2001, 2005) on bilingual speech. It is based on first hand data from two undocumented varieties of Romani and Pomak in contact with Turkish in Greek Thrace, in both cases Turkish being an important language for the community's identity. This analysis shows, on one hand, how the Romani-Turkish fused lect (Auer 1998) was produced by intensive and extensive bilingualism through colloquial contact with the trade language, Turkish. On ...

Adamou, Evangelia

2010-01-01

406

FROM TRADITION TO RELIGION: ORGANISATIONAL TRANSFORMATION OF THE LONDON TURKISH MIGRANT COMMUNITY  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article aims to explore the transformation of traditional structure into religious organisations as a result of migration in the case of the London Turkish migrant community. The London Turkish migrant community is one of the many Turkish migrant communities in European cities. In fact, it represents a ‘gemeinschaft’ community in terms of traditional belief system and social organisations in a ‘gesellschaft’ society. The London Turkish migrant community has tra...

S?ahi?n, I?lkay

2012-01-01

407

THE READIBILITY OF THE COURSE BOOK USED FOR THE 6.-7. GRADE TURKISH AND TURK CULTURE COURSE AND ITS ELIGIBILITY TO THE TARGET LEARNERS’ AGE LEVEL: A CASE FROM FRANCE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Coursebooks constitute the first and the most significant step in communication between teachers and learners. From the very beginning, the quality and the suitability of the communication will both have a direct effect on the student’s success in the future and will contribute to the teacher’s classroom performance efficiency. This study aims at bringing to discussion whether the coursebooks, which are used abroad for Turkish and Turk Culture courses, are quality communication means between the students and teachers. In this context, by the decision of the Board of Education and Discipline with a date, 16.11.2009 and number 201, the eligibility of the 6. 7. Grade Turkish and Turk Culture course’s coursebooks in use to the target learner’s age levels is tested through several international tests, as well as France/Paris based Education consultancy also tested the readability of the texts in the coursebooks with the bilingual Turkish students attending the schools within their jurisdiction. The results of a descriptive-survey model study reveals that the coursebooks used for the 6.-7. grade Turkish and Turk culture courses are far from being readable.

Erdal ÖZCAN

2011-12-01

408

Elementary Students' Scientific Epistemological Beliefs in Relation to Socio-Economic Status and Gender  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated students' scientific epistemological beliefs in relation to socio-economic status (SES) and gender. Data were obtained from 1,152 eight grade Turkish elementary school students using Scientific Epistemological Beliefs instrument. Canonical correlation analysis indicated that students with a working mother and educated…

Ozkal, Kudret; Tekkaya, Ceren; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale; Cakiroglu, Erdinc

2010-01-01

409

Türkçenin Yabanc? Dil Olarak Ö?retimi Türkçe Bile?ik Tümcelerin Özelli?i Üzerine Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language Characteristics of Compound Sentences in Turkish  

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Full Text Available Actually, an important feature of Turkish syntax, is the usage of participle and gerund in sentences. This shows interest in the meaning,but the usage of gerund with different functions reflects differentmeanings.According to linguists unlike the Indo-European languages, wherein general the main sentence is connected to subordinate sentenceswith conjunctions or conjunctional pronouns, in the Turkish, thesentences are connected by participle or by gerund. With this structurewithout the need of pronoun or conjunctions is performed anembedding.It is known that in the agglutinative languages to the root of aname or verb is added different morphemes. These morphemes carryout all kinds of conjunction or derivations. In this case, in Turkish, themorphemes carry out very important functions in terms of semantics.Such as encountered in Western Languages, Albanian is the languageof second-order transfers. These transfers are emerging to compoundsentences and the entire sentence is transfered to another node that isattached to it and gives it a function.-(y?p, -ip, -up, -üp morpheme has interesting morphologicalcharacteristics. -ip is one of the most frequently used adverb-verbsuffixes. This morpheme connects the verb to the second one.Sometimes this morpheme connects the main predicate of the sentenceto the side of the pred?cate of the second sentence.The construction with -arak, -erek explains the way in which theaction is done. The basic sentence, linking with the subordinatesentence at the same time allows the grammatical transformation ofadverbalization.The aim of this work is to describe these types of clauses and toaddress emerging problems. In particular in translating from Albanianto Turkish and viceversa from Turkish to Albanian we will try toemphasize the difficulty encountered by foreign students. Bilindi?i gibi Türkçenin sözdizimin önemli bir özelli?ini olu?turan ortaç ve ulaçlar?n kullan?l??? tümce anlam? aç?s?ndan ilgi çekici nitelikler göstermekte, ulaç biçimbirimleri de?i?ik i?levlerle birlikte çe?itli anlamlar? da yans?tmaktad?r. Dilcilere göre Hint-Avrupa dillerinde görülenin tersine, genel olarak yan tümceler ana, temel tümcelere ilgi ad?llar?yla de?il, ortaç ve ulaçlarla ba?lanmakta. Bu kurulu?ta herhangi bir ilgi ad?l? ya da bir ba?laç kullan?lmas?na gereksinme duyulmadan temel tümce içine çe?itli yan tümceler yerle?tirilir, üretken dönü?ümlü dilbilgisindeki yerle?tirme (embedding gerçekle?tirilir. Bilindi?i gibi ba?lant?l? dillerin bir ad ya da eylem köküne de?i?ik biçimbirimleri eklenir. Bu biçimbirimler her türlü türetme ve çekim i?lemlerini gerçekle?tirirler. Bu durumda Türkçede tümce anlambilimi aç?s?ndan eklerinin çok önemli i?levleri yerine getirilir. Bat? dillerinde rastland??? gibi, Arnavutçada da ikinci dereceden aktarmalar görülür. Bu aktarmalar bütün bir tümceyi bir ba?ka dü?üme aktarak ona ba?l? bir i?lev verir ve bile?ik tümceler ortaya ç?k?yor. -(y?p, -ip, -up, -üp ulaç biçimbirimin ilginç nitelikleri bulundu?u görülür. -(y?p, -ip, -up, -üp biçimbirimi s?kça kullan?lan zarf-fiil eklerinden biridir. Eklendi?i fiili ikinci bir fiile ba?lar. -erek, -arak ulaç biçimbirimine gelince iki fiili birbirine ba?larken yüklemin nas?l, ne tarzda yap?ld???n? aç?klamaktad?r. Yan tümceyi temel tümceye, iki önermeyi birbirine ba?layan bu biçimbirim ayn? zamanda belirteç göreviyle üretken dönü?ümsel dilbilgisindeki belirteçle?tirmeyi sa?lar. Bu makalenin amac? bu tür yan tümceleri aç?klamak ve ortaya ç?kan sorunlar? ele almaktad?r. Bir Hint-Avrupa dili olan Arnavutçadan Türkçeye ve aksine Türkçeden Arnavutçaya çeviri s?ras?nda kar??lanan zorunluklar? vurgulamaya çal??aca??z.

Xhemile ABDIU

2012-09-01

410

Determining the Comprehensibility of Texts in Sixth Grade Turkish Course Books  

Science.gov (United States)

Texts are stated to have an important role in Turkish language education relevant to the goals stated in the Primary Schools Turkish Lesson Teaching Program and Guide (2006), and in the formation and improvement of the individual's reading culture. The aim of the study is to determine the comprehensibility levels of the texts in the Turkish…

Iseri, Kamil

2010-01-01

411

Transfer at the Syntax-Pragmatics Interface: Pronominal Subjects in Bilingual Turkish  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates the issue of crosslinguistic influence in the domain of subject realization in Turkish in simultaneous acquisition of Turkish and English. The use of subjects in a null subject language like Turkish is a phenomenon linked to the pragmatics-syntax interface of the grammar and, thus, is a domain where crosslinguistic…

Haznedar, Belma

2010-01-01

412

A comparative study of the pathergy reaction among Turkish and British patients with Behçet's disease.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Forty-eight Turkish and 12 British patients along with 24 Turkish and 7 British healthy controls were assessed for the presence of the pathergy phenomenon. A photographic method with 'blind' reading was utilised. The pathergy phenomenon was present only among the Turkish patients.

Yazici, H.; Chamberlain, M. A.; Tu?zu?n, Y.; Yurdakul, S.; Mu?ftu?oglu, A.

1984-01-01

413

The Adaptation of the Constructive Thinking Inventory (CTI) to Turkish, Language Validity, & Psychometric Investigation  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to adapt the CTI to Turkish and investigate the Turkish version of the CTI . First, the CTI items were translated to Turkish and translation validity of the items were investigated. Second, for the language equivalency of the CTI, 42 ESL teachers from eight different secondary schools in Istanbul were selected as a…

Tosun, Ulku; Karadag, Engin

2008-01-01

414

The Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Form of the Somatosensory Amplification Scale  

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Full Text Available Objective: In this study, the authors aimed to investigate the reliability and validity of the Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS that was developed by Barsky et al. in the Turkish population. Method: The study was carried out with 42 patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome and Asthma Diseases attending to outpatient Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation and Chest Diseases clinics and 86 healthy students from Karadeniz Technical Univercity (KTU. Results: SSAS scores were normally distributed, and had acceptable test-retest reliability (r: 0.73 and internal consistency (a, 0.62-0.76. Item to scale correlations varied from 0.10 to 0.72, and most were highly significant. Whereas, one item (item 1 in the control group and one item (item 2 in the patient group had low item-total score correlation (r<0.15. Criterion related validity of SSAS was shown with significant correlation between Symptom Interpretation Questionnaire, Toronto Alexithymia Scale and Symptom Check List 90 Revised somatization subscale. The validity analysis of the scale resulted in a very high significant difference (p<0.01 between the mean SSAS scores of the control and the patient group. Discussion: ITest-retest, internal reliability, and item-total score correlation, discriminating power for specific groups and criterion related validity of the SSAS show that the scale has acceptable reliability and validity for the Turkish population.

Kemal Sayar

2007-01-01

415

The validity and reliability study of Turkish version of the multiple intelligences developmental assessment scales  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to adapt Multiple Intelligences Developmental Assessment Scales (MIDAS to Turkish. After examining and confirming equivalency between English and Turkish versions the scale was administered to a sample (1466 participant including undergraduate, graduate students at the Cukurova University and adult in Adana, Turkey. In addition, test-retest reliability was assessed using a sample of undergraduate, graduate and adults in Adana,Turkey (N=100. In order to examine the validity and reliability properties of the scale, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, Cronbach Alpha correlation coefficients, corrected item-total correlations and t-tests between items’ means of upper 27%-lower 27% points were used. The final analysis accounted for 41.93 % of the variance under 93 items and 7 factors. The internal consistency coefficient (? = .87 was within ideal ranges. Also results of confirmatory factor analysis show that the model fitness indicator indexes meet the statistical standards [?2=16558.65 (sd=4164, p<.001, (?2/sd=3.98, NNFI= 0.95, NFI=0.93, CFI=0.95, IFI= 0.95, RMSEA=0.052, and SRMR= 0.062].

Ayten ?flazo?lu Saban

2012-08-01

416

SEMANTIC APPROACH TO THE TURKISH SHAMANIC COSTUMES  

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Full Text Available Siberian region being within Russian borders is host to important Shaman data from past to this date, and forms the most important region for the “Turkish Shamanism”. The subject under examination addresses main design types that reflect the style of the region and among many tribes; those which had been selected are qualified within Turkish Shaman cultural criterion and they had been limited to some major tribes which are: Altai, Yakut, Hakas, Tuva, Tofa and Dolgan tribes. The Shaman clothing which passes from father to son through inheritance or “Call Method” has been considered a form of sacred cult articles which were accepted as cosmic accessories that would transfer one into another universe which in turn has separated the owner from the rest of the members of the community and became the symbol of their isolated lifestyle. Almost all decorative elements of their clothing are consist of either aerial animals “Birds” sometimes ground animals such as deer, moos or Bear. However, it is possible to come across Shaman clothes designs which depict both aerial and ground animals together which form the basis of the oldest Turkic Shaman costumes. Style and design have been noticed as different concepts in Shaman costumes which form a religious cosmography when stood alone. As style is to do with “expression” side of the shaman’s dress, design is related to “the form” of it. Based on this, style is developed in a way which is in symbolic expression of shamanic person these are shapes of aerial and ground animals. However, the design reflects the signs of modification either on the basis of functionality or meaning throughout the time due to interaction. New forms being added and new designs being made indicates us the national development of system of shamanism. Shamanism that still has been on the forefront of a debate whether it is a religion or not, under oppression of other religions, shamanic costumes also have been influenced by cultural corruption which was seen almost in every society by significantly deviating from their traditions, in comparison to the past they have lost their authenticity and importance.

Sibel KILIÇ

2010-04-01

417

A review of Turkish natural gas distribution market  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

In Turkey, natural gas consumption started at 0.5 bcm (billion cubic meters) in 1987 and reached approximately 35 bcm in 2007. Turkish natural gas usage is projected to further increase remarkably in coming years. In 2001, a reform process was started to create and strengthen a competitive natural gas market. However, the reform has not worked out as expected so far. The present article discusses the application of auctions in Turkish natural gas distribution zones. After presenting a short summary of current literature, natural gas utilization and recent developments in Turkish natural gas market, we draw attention to our main focus, namely city natural gas tenders. Having described the tenders, we present problems associated with them. In the end, we touch upon some regulatory issues and provide some suggestions for improvement. (author)

2010-02-01

418

ABOUTH DANTE IN TURKISH / TÜRKÇEDE DANTE ÜZER?NE  

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Full Text Available One of the answers to the question: with whom westretch our intellectual horizons towards the west isDante. Since the 1980's we have come across, first, withhis name and his life in articles and in printed materialsabout Turkish Literature. After the 1990's, however, littlepieces of translated passages from Dante can be seen onthe printed papers. During the Republican Period manybooks were published and Dante began to be a sourceand an influence on the Turkish writers. In Turkish authors' works, mostly in the writings of Halide Edip Ad?var,Yakup Kadri Karaosmano?lu, Nihal Ads?z, OrhanPamuk, Elif Safak and Tahsin Yücel, the traces andinfluence of Dante's Divine Comedy and its motifs arediscerned

Assoc. Prof. Dr. O?uz KARAKARTAL

2009-01-01

419

The experiences of involuntarily childless Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands.  

Science.gov (United States)

The consequences of involuntary childlessness are influenced by culture in several ways. In this study we explored the experiences and responses of infertile Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands. Twenty in-depth interviews were conducted with involuntarily childless Turkish immigrants in the Netherlands (11 couples and 9 women). Interviews were transcribed verbatim and were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). The respondents' experiences were clustered around six superordinate themes: effects on self; effects on the relationship with the partner; effects on the relationship with others; disclosure; coping; and the future. Most transcripts revealed that involuntary childlessness has a profound negative influence on multiple aspects of the lives of the respondents. Strong pronatalist ideology, misconceptions about infertility and treatment, and migration-related aspects such as language difficulties, appear to play a role in the negative experiences of Turkish immigrants. Respondents reported several ways of coping (to some extent) with these negative experiences. PMID:19270194

van Rooij, Floor B; van Balen, Frank; Hermanns, Jo M A

2009-05-01

420

Turkish Foreign Relations in the Post-Cold War Era  

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Full Text Available This article deals with the orientation of Turkish foreign policy in its transition from the Cold War to the post-Cold War period. During the Cold War, the Turkish Government ran its foreign policy believing in the uniformity of the Western Alliance (the United States and Europe and in close co-operation with the West, especially with the United States. After the changes which have occurred in the international arena in the last few years, this orientation has changed to the point where it can be stated that the Turkish governmental elites have other opportunities and alternatives. With regard to the EU, the article underscores the idea that if Turkey continues progressing toward accession, some day this country couldplay an important role in the design of EU policy in the eastern Mediterranean.

Atila Eralp

2006-11-01

 
 
 
 
421

Generating Context-Appropriate Word Orders in Turkish  

CERN Multimedia

Turkish has considerably freer word order than English. The interpretations of different word orders in Turkish rely on information that describes how a sentence relates to its discourse context. To capture the syntactic features of a free word order language, I present an adaptation of Combinatory Categorial Grammars called {}-CCGs (set-CCGs). In {}-CCGs, a verb's subcategorization require