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Sample records for turkish 14-year-old students

  1. Assessing metaphor comprehension as a metasemantic ability in students from 9-to-14 years-old.

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    Paolo Iliceto

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents a test for assessing metaphor comprehension (MCT in explicit linguistic form for subjects aged 9- to 14 years-old, i.e. in a transitional age where significant qualitative changes appear for this type of ability. Metaphor is viewed as a form of semantic conflict induced by the anomalous combination of the conventional meanings of its main constituents - tenor and vehicle - and metaphor comprehension is framed as a metasemantic ability based on the analysis of these meanings (Gombert 1990, that can have implications both for teaching and for learning strategies.The authors propose a functionalist piagetian frame, based on Piaget’s latest equilibration model (1975, for analysing how this semantic conflict can be faced and solved by children in the developmental span considered. The test is paper-and-pencil, composed of 12 items subdivided into 2 groups of metaphors: Psycho-physical (PP and Conceptual (C, mainly drawn and adapted to Italian language from international literature on metaphor comprehension. The sample is composed of 874 Italian children from 4th to 8th grade, with gender balance, of average social background. By means of Principal Components Analysis, with oblimin rotation, a two-factor solution emerged, that espouses the C/PP metaphors distinction. All corrected item-total correlation coefficients >.30 were representative and acceptable. Correlation coefficients between MCT and Standard progressive Matrices (SPM38 and some validated metalinguistic subtests were all significant at p <0.01 level, showing good convergent validity. Cronbach’s Alpha coefficients for the two subscales were: .62 (C, .51 (PP and .70 for MCT total score. Test-retest correlation oefficients for the two subscales were .79 (C, .69 (PP, and .83 for MCT total score. Cohen’s Kappa coefficients for interrater reliability are: .75 (4th-5th, .74 (6th, .67 (7th, .81 (8th. A twofactor ANOVA (gender and age showed that the test is gender-sensitive in favour of females but that age is an even stronger factor, which underlines the developmental character of the test. Limitations and possible research developments are analysed in the Discussion.

  2. The Academic Effects of After-School Paid and Unpaid Work among 14-Year-Old Students in TIMSS Countries

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    Post, David; Pong, Suet-ling

    2009-01-01

    What it means to be a "student" varies within and between countries. Apart from the wide variety of school types and school quality that is experienced by young people, there also is, accompanying increased rates of school participation, a growing population of students who work part-time. The theoretical and actual consequences of student work…

  3. Appreciation and implementation of the Krachtvoer healthy diet promotion programme for 12- to 14- year-old students of prevocational schools

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    Bessems Kathelijne MHH

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Krachtvoer is a school-based healthy diet programme, developed in 2001 and revised in 2007 to meet the needs of particular segments of the target population as well as a wider target group. The main aims of the present process evaluation of the revised programme were to examine student and teacher appreciation of the programme, completeness of and adherence to its implementation, and relations between appreciation and completeness of implementation. Methods Data were collected among 22 teachers and 1117 students of 13 schools, using student evaluation forms, teacher logbooks, telephone interviews, and classroom observations. Results Results indicate favourable levels of teacher and student appreciation for the programme in general and the revised elements. Girls, first-year students and students with more favourable dietary intakes particularly appreciated individual programme elements. Levels of completeness of implementation were high, but several teachers did not adhere to the intended implementation period. Some moderately strong relations were found between teacher appreciation and completeness of implementation scores. Conclusion We conclude that the revisions have resulted in a programme that was appreciated well, also by the extended target group, and was implemented with a high degree of completeness. Teacher appreciation proved potentially important for completeness of implementation. We identified several aspects requiring improvement, indicating the importance of continued programme updates and repeated evaluation.

  4. Body adiposity and daily TV viewing in 11 to 14-year-old students at two schools in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil

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    Adair da Silva Lopes

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to analyze body adiposity, daily TV viewing and prevalence of obesity, and to identify associations between TV viewing and relative body fat in boys and girls aged 11 to 14 years attending two municipal schools in Campo Grande - Mato Grosso, Brazil. One school is located in the central region of the city and the other on the periphery. The sample, 109 boys and 116 girls, a total of 225 students, was made up of students from the municipal schools “Danda Nunes” and “Nazira Anache”. The following variables were recorded: weight (mc, height (est, triceps (tr, subscapular (se skinfolds and hours per day watching TV. It was concluded that relative body fat fi gures for the sample studied were not statistically different (p>0.05 for sex between the students of the central and peripheral schools. A prevalence of 25.86% of obesity was detected among the girls and 11.93% among the boys, confi rming published literature on the tendency of a larger accumulation of body fat among girls, mainly during and after the puberty. In this study it was not possible, with the sample used, to demonstrate an association between hours spent watching TV and relative body fat. It was observed that 60% of the girls and boys watch more than 3 hours of television a day, demonstrating the extended period that the children and adolescents remain physically inactive in front of the television. RESUMO Os objetivos deste estudo foram analisar a adiposidade corpórea e o tempo diário de assistência à TV; detectar a prevalência de obesidade; e associações entre tempo de assistência à TV e gordura corporal relativa em meninos e meninas, de 11 a 14 anos de idade, matriculados em duas escolas municipais de Campo Grande – MS, sendo uma localizada na região central da cidade e a outra na periferia. A amostra foi constituída pelos 225 alunos (109 do gênero masculino e 116 do gênero feminino das 5as e 6as séries das escolas Municipais Danda Nunes (central e Nazira Anache (periferia que estavam matriculados e presentes no dia da coleta dos dados. Foram mensuradas as variáveis: massa corporal (MC, estatura (EST , dobras cutâneas tricipital (TR e subescapular (SE, além da aplicação de um questionário com informações sobre o tempo de assistência à TV. Os resultados permitiram concluir que os valores da gordura corporal relativa, não diferiram estatisticamente (p>0,05 entre os escolares da escola central e da periferia em nenhum dos gênero. Foi detectada uma prevalência de 25,86% de obesidade no gênero feminino e 11,93% no masculino, confi rmando a tendência apresentada na literatura de um aumento crescente da obesidade em crianças e adolescentes e um maior acúmulo de gordura corporal no gênero feminino, principalmente durante e após a puberdade. Na presente pesquisa não se encontrou associações signifi cativas entre as variáveis horas de assistência a TV e gordura corporal relativa em nenhuma das escolas e em nenhum dos gêneros. Observou-se que 60 % dos escolares avaliados assistem mais de 3 horas de televisão por dia, demonstrando o longo período de tempo que as crianças e adolescentes têm permanecido em inatividade física, em frente ao aparelho de televisão.

  5. Gastric carcinoid tumor in a 14-year old girl.

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    Kirsaclioglu, Ceyda Tuna; Kuloglu, Zarife; Kansu, Aydan; Ensari, Arzu; Siklar, Zeynep; Berbero?lu, Merih; Ocal, Gönül

    2014-11-01

    Gastric carcinoid tumors (GCT) are rare lesions that constitute 2.6-8.7% of all gastrointestinal carcinoids, mostly affect middle-aged females but the incidence in children is unknown. We present a 14-year-old girl, with GCT. She was treated with recombinant human growth hormone (GH) for complete GH deficiency, and endoscopy was performed to identify iron-deficiency anemia. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a gastric polyp, and biopsies were compatible with GCT. PMID:25180819

  6. CONTEMPORARY ISSUES OF TURKISH ACCORDING TO TURKISH STUDENT TEACHERS

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    Ali GÖÇER

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research, is assessment of student teachers’ the views on contemporary issues in Turkish. In this study, interviewing method within the framework of qualitative research was used. Research was carried out working group consisting of 72 Turkish student teachers in Faculty of Education Erciyes University. The working group was created having a specified goal and cluster sampling method. Descriptive statistical method was used the data analysis about Personal information of student teachers. The data obtained from the interviewing forms were analyzed through content analysis. The results of this study, According to Turkish student teachers the most important problems as the first three mentioned: “sloppy and incorrect use of Turkish language, (39 %”, “the use of foreign words/foreign language passion or affectation (29 %” and “teacher factor, the problems of teacher training programs, Turkish learning and teaching insufficiency (14%”.

  7. Drug Ingestions in Children 10-14 Years Old: An Old Problem Revisited

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    Pomerantz, Wendy; Gittelman, Michael; Farris, Sarah; Frey, Lauren

    2009-01-01

    To determine changes in rates of drug ingestions in 10-14 year old children in our country, a retrospective chart review of 10-14 year olds hospitalized for drug ingestion between 1993-1995 and 2000-2004 was performed. Odds ratios and Chi-square were used for analyses. From 1993-1995 there were 92.8 ingestions/100,000 children/year; from 2000-2004…

  8. Prevalence of Allergic Rhinitis in 13-14 Year Old School Children in Hamedan

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    Mohsen Jari

    Full Text Available Objective: Allergic Rhinitis (AR is an inflammatory disorder of the nasal mucosa characterized by nasal congestion, rhinorrhea and itching and often accompanied by sneezing and conjunctival irritation. Two prerequisites for the expression of AR are sensitivity to an allergen and its presence in the environment. Recognition of allergens and removal and avoidance of them can decrease the prevalence of AR. This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of AR in Hamedan, Iran, and recognition of effective factors involved in expression of AR.Methods: The study was undertaken between October 2005 and June 2006 among 13- to 14-year-old children in middle-schools of Hamedan. Data were collected using the standardized ISAAC written questionnaire for prevalence of AR and another questionnaire for effective factors on AR including gender, season of expression of AR, smoking parents, keeping pets and birds, apartment plants, breast milking and family size. In the second phase the students with AR were examined for signs of AR.Findings: A total of 1600 (900 girls and 700 boys children participated in the study. 17.7% of the children had symptoms of allergic rhinitis sometime in their life. There was no significant difference between prevalence of AR between boys and girls (18.6% in the boys and 17% in the girls (P>0.05. 37.2% of the cases were perennial and 62.8% of them were seasonal or mixed type. AR was more prevalent in spring (21%. The prevalence of the disease between students with smoking parents and non smoking parents were 30.6% and 11.2% respectively (P0.05. The most common signs of AR were allergic shiners (54% and clear and dilute nasal secretion (51%.Conclusion: Compared with previous studies conducted in other Iranian cities using similar method, the prevalence of allergic rhinitis was lower in Hamedan. The prevalence of AR may be reduced with avoidance of smoking and removal of pets.

  9. Cervical ankylosis following Grisel's syndrome in a 14-year-old boy with infectious mononucleosis

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    Non-traumatic atlanto-axial subluxation (Grisel's syndrome) is an uncommon complication of neck space infection or otolaryngologic procedures. It most frequently affects children, although it may occur in adults. We present a 14-year-old boy with Grisel's syndrome as a complication of infectious mononucleosis proceeding to cervical ankylosis. (orig.)

  10. RESPIRATORY PARAMETERS EFFICIENCY IN SPORTS RESULTS AMONG 14-YEAR OLD MALE AND FEMALE SWIMMERS

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    Dybinska Ewa

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to test fitness levels of chosen parameters in the respiratory system in comparison to sports results in a group of 100m medley 14-year old male and female swimmers. The main measurement method was based on immediate observation of the following variables: a The fitness level of particular parameters in the respiratory system, b The level of swimming fitness. Based on the detailed analysis of the chosen respiratory parameter levels among 14-year old male and female swimmers in relation to their sports result in 100m medley distance, the following general statements have been formulated: the average levels of the chosen respiratory parameters estimated, in most of the cases, above average, especially among female swimmers.

  11. School achievement in 14-year-old youths prenatally exposed to marijuana

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    Goldschmidt, Lidush; Richardson, Gale A.; Willford, Jennifer A.; Severtson, Stevan G.; Day, Nancy L.

    2011-01-01

    The relation between prenatal marijuana exposure (PME) and school achievement was evaluated in a sample of 524 14-year-olds. Women were recruited during pregnancy and assessed, along with their offspring, at multiple phases from infancy to early adulthood. The sample represents a low-income population. Half of the adolescents are male and 55% are African American. School achievement was assessed with the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT) Screener (Psychological Corporation, 1992). A...

  12. Symptomatic Floor-of-Mouth Swelling with Neck Extension in a 14-Year-Old Girl

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    Dayton, Kristin; Ryan, Matthew F.

    2014-01-01

    A plunging ranula is a soft-tissue mass stemming from a mucous extravasation cyst of the sublingual gland which can herniate through the mylohyoid muscle. We describe a case in which a 14-year-old girl presented with a rapidly expanding mass on the floor of her mouth affecting her ability to swallow and speak and causing tracheal compression. The patient was initially managed conservatively with antibiotics and steroids; however, the mass continued to expand necessitating emergent bedside inc...

  13. Invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Breast cancer is rare in children and adolescents. In particular, there are very few cases of invasive ductal carcinoma in childhood. We report a case of invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast in a 14-year-old girl presenting as a palpable mass. While the tumor demonstrated a relatively benign appearance on ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging revealed typical malignant features. Several polymorphisms of single nucleotide variation were observed on gene analysis. The patient underwent breast conserving surgery and received subsequent concurrent chemo-radiation therapy. An awareness that ductal carcinoma of the breast rarely occurs in children is important to detect early stage breast cancer. (orig.)

  14. Sudden death of a 14-year-old girl with lymphangiomatosis.

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    Nakagawa, Tomoki; Koizumi, Takahisa; Oiwa, Kana; Inomoto, Chie; Ogura, Go; Masuda, Ryota; Yamashita, Tomohiro; Nakamura, Naoya; Iwazaki, Masayuki

    2014-07-23

    A 14-year-old girl presented with progressively worsening intermittent orthopnea. Imaging studies showed cardiomegaly, extensive pericardial effusion, and a mediastinal tumor. By pericardial drainage, approximately 8,000-mL fluid was collected over 10 days. Left thoracoscopic pericardial fenestration and mediastinal tumor biopsy were performed, revealing lymphangiomatosis. Chylous pleural effusion developed post-surgery. Although control was attempted, her condition worsened. Eight months later, she died of sudden cardiopulmonary arrest. Autopsy revealed systemic spread of the primary lesion from the hyperplastic lymph ducts to the parietal pleura and mediastinum confirming systemic lymphangiomatosis. PMID:25047633

  15. Alveolar soft part sarcoma of tongue in 14-year-old boy

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    Kinger, Mallika; Chakrabarti, Preeti; Varma, Amit; Doshi, Bhavesh

    2014-01-01

    Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare, aggressive malignancy of uncertain histological origin with propensity of vascular invasion and distant metastasis. ASPS demonstrates strong predilection for adolescents and young adults with a female preponderance. The head and neck region is the commonly affected region in the pediatric population with orbit and tongue being most common. The indolent clinical course and asymptomatic nature often leads to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. Herein, we present a case of ASPS affecting the tongue in 14-year-old boy which clinically mimicked hemangioma, common benign vascular tumor of tongue. PMID:25593886

  16. Frontal bone tuberculosis presenting with blindness in a 14-year-old girl: a case report

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    Shameem Mohammad; Saad Talha; Bhargava Rakesh; Ahmad Zuber; Fatima Nazish; Khan Haris; Huda Fakhrul

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Introduction The occurrence of tuberculosis in the flat bones of the skull is very rare. Only eight cases of tuberculosis of the frontal bone have been reported in the literature. Case presentation A 14-year-old girl of Asian ethnicity presented with gradual loss of vision. A computed tomography scan of her head showed a diffuse, homogeneously ill-defined hyperdense lesion of size 2.9 × 5.3 cm (anteroposterior × thickness) involving the right orbit. Biopsy of the lesion confirmed t...

  17. Symptomatic Floor-of-Mouth Swelling with Neck Extension in a 14-Year-Old Girl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dayton, Kristin; Ryan, Matthew F

    2014-01-01

    A plunging ranula is a soft-tissue mass stemming from a mucous extravasation cyst of the sublingual gland which can herniate through the mylohyoid muscle. We describe a case in which a 14-year-old girl presented with a rapidly expanding mass on the floor of her mouth affecting her ability to swallow and speak and causing tracheal compression. The patient was initially managed conservatively with antibiotics and steroids; however, the mass continued to expand necessitating emergent bedside incision and drainage and subsequent surgical intervention. The pathophysiology and management options for ranulas are also discussed herein. PMID:25548707

  18. Alveolar soft part sarcoma of tongue in 14-year-old boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinger, Mallika; Chakrabarti, Preeti; Varma, Amit; Doshi, Bhavesh

    2014-01-01

    Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare, aggressive malignancy of uncertain histological origin with propensity of vascular invasion and distant metastasis. ASPS demonstrates strong predilection for adolescents and young adults with a female preponderance. The head and neck region is the commonly affected region in the pediatric population with orbit and tongue being most common. The indolent clinical course and asymptomatic nature often leads to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. Herein, we present a case of ASPS affecting the tongue in 14-year-old boy which clinically mimicked hemangioma, common benign vascular tumor of tongue. PMID:25593886

  19. Frontal bone tuberculosis presenting with blindness in a 14-year-old girl: a case report

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    Shameem Mohammad

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The occurrence of tuberculosis in the flat bones of the skull is very rare. Only eight cases of tuberculosis of the frontal bone have been reported in the literature. Case presentation A 14-year-old girl of Asian ethnicity presented with gradual loss of vision. A computed tomography scan of her head showed a diffuse, homogeneously ill-defined hyperdense lesion of size 2.9 × 5.3 cm (anteroposterior × thickness involving the right orbit. Biopsy of the lesion confirmed the presence of epithelioid cells and Langerhans giant cells with caseous material. After surgical debridement with antitubercular treatment, the patient had an uneventful recovery. Conclusion Although rare, tuberculosis can affect the flat bones of the skull. Tuberculosis of the frontal bone can be included in the differential diagnosis of blindness.

  20. Turkish Language Student Teachers' Use of Instructional Materials in Teaching Turkish

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    Yazici Okuyan, Hülya

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to identify which materials Turkish student teachers use in teaching practicum and the usage characteristics of these materials. This is a descriptive study using survey model. The participants of the study were 75 final year students, 35 females and 40 males, studying at the Turkish Language Teaching Department of…

  1. Study of weight, height, body mass index, energy and nutrients intake of 11-14 years old girls, Tehran

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    Sadeqipoor H

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available A descriptive, analytical cross-sectional syudy was conducted in 1996 on 350 female students 11-14 years old in the center of Tehran, Iran. The general objective was determining energy and nutrient intakes and weight, height and BMI (Body Mass Index of the girls, using anthropometric measurements, interviews (24-hour dietary recall and food consumption frequency, and the NCHS standards. The results were as follows: 1 Based on weight for age and the Z-score, 20% of the girls suffered from mild past and present malnutrition. 2 Based on height for age and BMI, 16.6%, 12.5%, and 1.3% suffered from mild past malnutrition, severe present malnutrition and overweight, respectively. 3 The height curves were normal, as compared to the respective standards. 4 The BMI curves were quite different from the respective standards. 5 On the whole, 53.7%, 49.7%, 86.0%, 59.0%, 67.7%, 76.5% and 88.0% of the girls had low intakes of energy, vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin B12, folic acid, calcium, and iron, respectively. 6 A positive linear correlation was observed between energy intake and height, vitamin A intake and weight, zinc intake and height, and carbohydrate intake and height.

  2. Clinical and morphological features of ovarian pure dysgerminoma: a report of a 14 years old girl

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    Pop-Trajkovi? Zoran

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Dysgerminoma is best known as the ovarian counterpart of seminoma of the testis Relatively uncommon tumors, dysgerminomas account for less than 2% of all ovarian cancer. We report a case of a 14 years old girl with a large and rapidly growing unilaleral ovarian dysgerminoma. Examination of the surgical specimen showed a tumor of 27x17x8 cm in size and 4800 gr. in weight. It was oval in shape with a slightly glistening fibrous capsule, soft but solid and hemorrhagic. The mass arose from the right ovary and did not invade any surrounding structures. The tumor and the ovary were torqued with its fallopian tube. Microscopic examination showed typical characteristics of ovarian dysgerminoma, with a micrometastasis in the omentum (in the vicinity of the tumor. The patient underwent a right salpingo-oophorectomy, had an uncomplicated postoperative course and received radio and chemotherapy Thirty months after the operation, the patient is in good health and with normal ultrasound and laboratory results. We believe that conservative surgery followed by adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy seems to be ideal treatment in case of pure ovarian dysgerminoma when careful surgical staging confirmed the unilaterality of disease.

  3. LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGY PREFERENCES OF TURKISH STUDENTS

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    Selma Deneme

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available A learning style is a preferred way of acquiring knowledge and processing information. Learning styles may differ depending on gender, age, or culture. Niles (1995 in his study “Cultural Differences in Learning Motivation and Learning Strategies” studied the cultural impact on learning strategies and found considerable differences between culturally different students.Providing evidence for the relationship between culture and learning strategy preference and use, this study aims at examining the use and preference of language learning strategies of Turkish students while they are learning English.

  4. Relationship between sleep duration and dietary intake in 4- to 14-year-old Danish children

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    Hoppe, Camilla; Rothausen, Berit Worm

    2013-01-01

    A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present crosssectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14-year-old children. No sex differences were found regarding age and sleep duration. Sleep duration was negatively correlated to age (? = –0·68; P < 0·001) and BMI (? = –0·41; P < 0·001). In multiple linear regression analyses, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake (b = –0·015; P = 0·20), but there was a trend towards a positive association with intake of dietary fibre (b = 0·006; P = 0·05) and vegetables (b = 0·011; P = 0·05), and a negative association with intake of poultry (b = –0·002; P = 0·02), and a trend towards a negative association with intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories’ (b = –0·01; P = 0·05). Furthermore, in a comparison of dietary intake between age-dependent tertiles of sleep duration, only intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories’ was significantly lower in long sleepers than in short and medium sleepers (P= 0·03). In conclusion, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake and the proposal that children with short sleep duration have less healthy eating habits than children with longer sleep duration was only weakly supported by the present findings.

  5. Atypical presentation of acute idiopathic megacolon in a 14-year-old patient

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    R. Pezzilli

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In clinical practice the term “megacolon” is used to indicate a marked dilatation of the cecum and the sigmoid colon (>12 and 6.5 cm, respectively (1. From a clinical standpoint, a megacolon can be classified as chronic or acute depending on its clinical presentation. Chronic megacolon typically refers to a congenital disorder in which the enteric nervous system (ENS supplying the colon does not develop properly, thereby leaving the distal segments of the viscus without myenteric and submucosal ganglia (i.e. Hirschsprung’s disease (2. Other cases of non-aganglionic chronic megacolon can be secondary to variety of conditions such as Chagas’ disease and neurodegenerative diseases (e.g. Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, leading to or associated with ENS abnormalities (3. The acute form of megacolon, also referred to as Ogilvie’s syndrome, is characterized by a predominant involvement of the cecum and right colon usually affecting elderly patients undergoing surgery (e.g. orthopedic procedures or taking medications altering gut motility (e.g. opioids or antidepressants (4. Some forms of acute megacolon, however, can be idiopathic in origin since no underlying etiology can be identified. Patients with acute idiopathic megacolon usually have a longstanding history of constipation, often accompanied by laxative abuse, and their clinical presentation is characterized by abdominal distension and severe pain with radiological evidence of stool impacted in the colon and rectum (1, 4. The case herein reported represents an unusual form of acute idiopathic megacolon characterized by massive descending and sigmoid colon distension complicated with a volvulus in a 14-year-old boy with no Hirschsprung’s disease. In addition, just to increase the peculiarity of this case report, the patient had an unremarkable clinical record, and never suffered from chronic constipation in the past.

  6. Dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in 4–14-year-old Danish children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rothausen, Berit Worm; Matthiessen, Jeppe

    2013-01-01

    Little is known about dietary patterns on weekdays and weekend days in children, and the aim of the present study was to investigate 4–14-year-old children's dietary patterns specifically on weekdays (Monday–Thursday) and weekend days (Saturday–Sunday). Dietary data were derived from the Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity 2003–8, where a total of 784 children aged 4–14 years completed a 7 d pre-coded food record. Principal component analysis was used to identify dietary patterns in the age groups 4–6, 7–10 and 11–14 years. Consistently, two dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, emerged on both weekdays and weekend days. Factor scores from corresponding dietary patterns were significantly correlated between weekdays and weekend days with the exception of the ‘health conscious’ pattern in the 7–10-year-olds. Within each age group, children with high agreement for the ‘processed’ pattern had a significantly higher dietary energy density, which was reflected insignificantly higher intakes of sugar-sweetened beverages and lower intakes of fruit and vegetables, compared with children with high agreement for the ‘health conscious’ pattern (P < 0·05). Moreover, these variables indicated less healthy dietary intakes on weekend days than on weekdays for both patterns. In conclusion, two distinct dietary patterns, labelled ‘processed’ and ‘health conscious’, were identified on both weekdays and weekend days for each age group. While overall major dietary patterns may somewhat track between weekdays and weekends, the specific foods actually eaten became less healthy during weekends.

  7. Relationship between Anthropometric Parameters with Menarche Age of School Girls (11-14 Years Old in Shahroud

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    Mehri Delvarian-Zadeh

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Though not impeding it, malnutrition during childhood delays the menarche age. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between anthropometric parameters with menarche age of adolescent (11-14- year old girls. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 418 middle school girls in Shahroud were randomly selected and studied. To demonstrate the participants, nutritional status, BMI was used for age, weight and stature, and then it was compared with NCHS standard. Results: It was revealed that the mean of BMI (body mass Index of menstruated girls was 19.8±3/1 and that of the non-menstruated participants was 17.6±3. The average menarche age turned to be 12.9±0.8. A significant relationship (P<0.0001 was found between age and incidence of menstruation. 47% of the participants experienced their menses in summer. The weight and height means of the menstruated participants were 48.7±8.5 kg and 156.9±6.7 cm respectively. A significant relationship (P=0.0001 was also found between weight, height, BMI and anthropometric parameters of the students, and their menstrual conditions. Statistical analysis also showed a significant relationship between menarche status and socioeconomic condition. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate a significant relationship between nutritional status and menarche age. Due to the importance of menarche age, its decline and creation of sexual desire, and noting the important effects of BMI and anthropometric parameters on menarche age, special attention should be paid to ideal weight, proper nutrition and sufficient physical activities in this high-risk group

  8. A 14-year-old Nigerian female with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (Pseudotumor cerebri or benign intracranial hypertension)

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    Onwuchekwa, Ac; Nwankwo, Cn; Chapp-jumbo, En

    2002-01-01

    A 14-year-old secondary school girl presented with acute onset severe generalized headache associated with vomiting and diplopia. These followed an initial fever, which responded to chloroquine. She had been on perflacine for a left knee septic arthritis until onset of her symptoms. The main findings on physical examination were mild obesity, left abducent nerve palsy, bilateral papilledema and evidence of resolving arthritis of her left knee. The results of her investigations, including a br...

  9. Abnormal talk by a 14-year-old boy with hypersomnolence after a long-haul flight.

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    Hurwitz, Brian; Richardson, Joshua

    2010-01-01

    This case alerts readers to the occurrence of grammatical, nonsensical speech in a 14-year-old boy, an alarming symptom. Speech of this sort may be caused by serious medical conditions such as cerebral irritation and acute confusional states, but in this case it was most probably part of a sleepwalking episode associated with jetlag. Abnormal speech during sleepwalking has been described, but it is not well characterised. This report of somniloquy offers some descriptive phenomenology for such speech. PMID:22767364

  10. Abnormal talk by a 14-year-old boy with hypersomnolence after a long-haul flight

    OpenAIRE

    Hurwitz, Brian; Richardson, Joshua

    2010-01-01

    This case alerts readers to the occurrence of grammatical, nonsensical speech in a 14-year-old boy, an alarming symptom. Speech of this sort may be caused by serious medical conditions such as cerebral irritation and acute confusional states, but in this case it was most probably part of a sleepwalking episode associated with jetlag. Abnormal speech during sleepwalking has been described, but it is not well characterised. This report of somniloquy offers some descriptive phenomenology for suc...

  11. Duodenal perforation in a 14-year-old boy with abdominal tuberculosis despite being on antituberculous treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Qureshi, Ahmad Uzair; Khan, Hassan M.; Gondal, Khalid Masud

    2010-01-01

    We are presenting a case of a 14-year-old male patient with known history of abdominal tuberculosis on medication for 4 months with frank peritonitis and air under the diaphragm found to have primary perforation of the duodenum due to tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is common in the third world but affects iliocaecal junction commonly. Cases with tuberculous duodenal are rarely reported in the literature.

  12. Lay Theories of Suicide in Turkish and American Students

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    Rheeda Walker

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to compare the lay theories of suicide held by Turkish and American respondents. Measures of attitudes toward suicide and of personality variables were administered to 330 Turkish undergraduates and 419 American undergraduates. Turkish students saw interpersonal factors as less important and societal factors as more important in causing suicide as compared to the American students, and they also reported more stigma toward attempted suicides. Personality correlates of these attitudes were similar in the two groups. The similarities between the two groups of respondents in their theories of suicide outweighed thedifferences.

  13. Music Education Department students attitudes towards “Turkish Music History” course

    OpenAIRE

    Burçin Uçaner; Nezihe ?entürk

    2013-01-01

    This research was conducted in order to analyze the attitudes of second, third, and fourth grade students at the Faculty of Education, Department of Music Education towards the Turkish Music History course. Descriptive research methods with quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been adopted with an integrated approach. The sample group includes 871 second, third, and fourth students from Music Education Departments of 12 universities in Turkey. Data have been obtained via a Turkish Mu...

  14. Risk of Abnormal Eating Attitudes among Turkish Dietetic Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiziltan, Gul; Karabudak, Efsun

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of abnormal eating attitudes among Turkish dietetic students and the relations between nutrition education and eating attitudes. The study population was 568 female university students (248 dietetic students, 320 non-dietetic students). Two scales were used: Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26)…

  15. A Rare Case of Solitary Epidural Brain Metastasis of Neuroepithelioma Tumor in A 14 Years Old Man

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    R. Barikbin

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available By definition, a peripheral neuroepithelioma is a primary neuroectodermal tumor (PNET arising from peripheral, nonautonomic neural tissue. PNETs are classified into central and peripheral types. Peripheral PNETs are unusual, often highly aggressive, malignant neoplasms, rarely presenting in the head and neck. Soft tissues PNETs arise from nonautonomic nervous system. In this case, we report a 14-years-old male known case of cervical soft tissue neuroepithelioma presenting with a rare form of metastatic disease as extra axial, epidural metastasis to the brain. On histochemichal analysis of this solitary metastasis, as well as original tumor specimens, markers consistent with PNET tumors were identified.

  16. VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT OF TURKISH STUDENTS AGED BETWEEN 7 AND 9

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    Hülya P?LANCI

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The potential of thoughts which is possible for a person who speaks a particular language are accepted to be equal to the conceptual content of that language; “dictionary” containing the sum of the concepts. It means that “the things that a person can think are limited to the possibilities in the language he/she speaks and the thoughts of the person who speaks the language has to act within the limits of that language’s potential.”In terms of Turkish language, it is seen that Turkish sources in the form of general dictionary contain approximately 70.000 words as headwords. The headwords included in approximately 80.000-100.000 dictionaries and glossaries that are used in Anatolian dialects were not added to this number. However studies related to the vocabulary of children report that Turkish students do not benefit from the rich vocabulary of Turkish language. This paper aims to investigate Turkish student between the ages 7 and 9 during 3 years and reveal how they develop vocabulary. It is also aimed to determine the effects of variables on vocabulary development such as age, pre-knowledge, social environment, economic environment and education level. The study was conducted by the support of TÜB?TAK (The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkish, (TÜBITAK-SOBAG project No: 104K087.

  17. Salter-Harris type II fracture of the femoral bone in a 14-year-old boy - case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Distal femoral physis fractures with displacement are rare injuries seen in adolescents related with high incidence of complication. They may lead to premature physeal closure consequently, to growth arrest and bone deformity. Case Report: The case of a 14-year-old boy with Salter-Harris type II displaced fracture underwent surgery with open reduction has been described. CT examination with multiplanar reconstruction was used in pre-operative assessment of distal femur growth plate fracture. Conclusions: Knowledge of classification, prognosis and methods of treatment is necessary in accurate pre- and postoperative assessment of physial fractures in adolescents. CT and multiplanar reconstruction improve the understanding of patterns of injury, relative prevalence and accuracy of pre-operative planning. (authors)

  18. Geography Teaching Students’ Perceptions on Turkish World (An Example of Atatürk University

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    Mete Al?m

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims the determining the level of understanding and general knowledge and perceptions of Geography Teaching students on Turkish World and Turkish republics. The examples of the study were obtained from students of Atatürk University Faculty of Education, Department of Geography Teaching. A scale consisted of open ended questions in order to determine the level of knowledge and perceptions of the sample group on Turkish World and Turkish republics.According to findings, students with information about the Turkish World and Turkish republics are sufficient level. Students have pointed that Turkey can be considered as the leader of the Turkish World. They have stressed that the most important problem of the Turkish World inadequate relationships.

  19. Wellness and Self-Esteem among Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oguz-Duran, Nagihan; Tezer, Esin

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the differences among 465 Turkish first year university students regarding overall wellness and four of its dimensions (cognitive emotional wellness-CEW, relational wellness-RW, life goal-LG, and physical wellness-PW) in terms of self-esteem levels and gender. The data were gathered by administering the Rosenberg…

  20. An Investigation into Turkish EFL Students’ Attributions in Reading Comprehension

    OpenAIRE

    Cevdet Y?lmaz

    2012-01-01

    Learner attributions, perceived causes of success and failure, have received considerable attention. However, very little research has been carried out in the area of learning foreign languages. This empiricalstudy investigated Turkish EFL students’ attributions in reading. The aims of the study were (1) to investigateuniversity students’ attributions for success and failures in second language reading and (2) to examine theways in which these vary according to gender, proficiency...

  1. Comparison of participation between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers 8-14 years old in leisure activities

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    Madineh Hassani

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Children's participation in leisure and recreational activities is associated with their well-being. The Purpose of this study was to compare of participation between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers 8-14 years old. Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, 30 children with cerebral palsy (mean age: 11 years  and 1 month from special education school and 30 typically developing peers (11 years  and 6 months from typical schools through convenient nonprobability sampling were selected. Participants were evaluated with the Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE.The data were analyzed by spss17. Results: There were significant differences between children with cerebral palsy and typically developing peers (p= 0.000 in diversity scale. The intensity of participation in peer group was more than children with cerebral palsy p=0.000. No significant differences were found between the groups in the enjoyment. There were no significant main effects of gender, also significant interaction effect between group type and gender for CAPE variables. Conclusion: The participation of peer group in most activities was more than children with cerebral palsy. Physical disability can affect participation of children in everyday activities and socialization. Knowledge about participation of cerebral palsy children can help to health care professional to establish interventions that fit with children's preferences and can promote their health and participation.

  2. Cleidocranial dysplasia in a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl: clinical and radiological presentation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is a rare, autosomal dominant skeletal dysplasia with a relatively mild course. The most characteristic symptoms are clavicle hypoplasia or aplasia, abnormalities in the skull ossification, and a variety of dental pathologies. The clinical course and radiological presentation of two cases (a 15-month-old boy and a 14-year-old girl) of CCD are presented. Among the characteristic phenotype features the patients demonstrated were abnormalities in the skull formation, with wide sutures and large, delayed closure of the fontanelles, additional Wormian bones, and significant dental abnormalities, in both cases with delayed eruption of teeth and, in the girl, intensive caries, cross bite, and impacted teeth. The boy presented hypoplasia of the clavicles, while aplastic clavicles were confirmed in the girl. In both cases clavicle defects resulted in descended shoulders with abnormal movement faculty. Metacarpal and phalangeal defects were also found in both children as well as abnormalities in pelvic structure, with wide pubic symphysis and vertical arrangement of the pelvic bones in the girl. CCD is a skeletal dysplasia with characteristic clinical and radiological presentation. Although the course of the disorder is relatively mild, early orthopedic, dental, and orthodontic care, as well as rehabilitation, are essential in limiting complications resulting from the congenital malformation of the skeletal system. (author) system. (author)

  3. Approaches to learning and academic performance of Turkish university students

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    Leyla Harputlu *

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports findings with regard to approaches to learning of Turkish students. The term “approaches to learning” refers to the idea that learners perceive and process information in very different ways. The study is set out to (i explore and describe the approaches of learning of university students; (ii explore the relationship between approaches to learning constructs, (iii explore how the learning approaches of Turkish higher education students in combination with gender and academic discipline, year affect and academic performance; Employing a correlational research design- 44-item 1995 version of the RASI and the cumulative grade point, the study was conducted in two departments in two institutions of higher education: one humanities and one engineering. Total 160 students participated. This paper discusses firstly the findings of this study in the light of other research carried out in this area and secondly, and more importantly, in the light of its contribution towards a better understanding of the learning needs of Turkish university students.

  4. Individual differences on the importance of virginity in Turkish society: An application on Turkish university students

    OpenAIRE

    Zeliha Kayg?s?z Ertu?

    2013-01-01

    Virginity is an important issue in Turkish society because of the position of virginity in both Islam and Turkish traditions and customs. As a result of the societal perspective of virginity, Turkish youth see virginity before marriage as an important judgmental value, especially for women. However, it is also observed that the ideas and views of Turkish youth are changing over time and with the influence of personal circumstances. The purpose of this study is to learn the ideas of Turkish yo...

  5. Ovarian carcinoma in a 14-year-old with classical salt-wasting congenital adrenal hyperplasia and bilateral adrenalectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pina, Christian; Khattab, Ahmed; Katzman, Philip; Bruckner, Lauren; Andolina, Jeffrey; New, Maria; Yau, Mabel

    2014-11-26

    Abstract A 14-year-old female with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia because of 21-hydroxylase deficiency underwent bilateral adrenalectomy at 6 years of age as a result of poor hormonal control. Because the patient was adrenalectomized, extra adrenal androgen production was suspected. Imaging studies including pelvic ultrasound and pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were obtained to evaluate for adrenal rest tumors of the ovaries. Abdominal MRI was obtained to evaluate for residual adrenal tissue. A cystic lesion arising from her right ovary suspicious for ovarian neoplasm was noted on pelvic MRI. Right salpingo-oophorectomy was performed and histopathological examination revealed ovarian serous adenocarcinoma, low-grade, and well-differentiated. Tumor marker CA-125 was elevated and additional ovarian cancer staging workup confirmed stage IIIC due to one lymph node positive for carcinoma. The patient then developed a large left ovarian cyst, which led to a complete total abdominal hysterectomy and removal of the left ovary and fallopian tube. Pathology confirmed ovarian serous adenocarcinoma with microscopic focus of carcinoma in the left ovary. After numerous complications, the patient responded well to chemotherapy, CA-125 levels fell and no evidence of carcinoma was observed on subsequent imaging. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an ovarian serous adenocarcinoma in a patient with CAH. Although rare, we propose that the ovaries were the origin of androgen production and not residual adrenal tissue. The relationship between CAH and ovarian carcinomas has yet to be established, but further evaluation is needed given the poor survival rate of high-grade serous ovarian carcinoma. PMID:25427061

  6. Bone dysplasia with optic atrophy, vascular malformation and seizures in a 14-year-old girl - a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The heritable skeletal dysplasias or osteochondrodysplasias are a large heterogeneous group of disorders associated with abnormal shape, growth, or integrity of bones. Osteopetrosis is a collective term for a range of sclerosing bone diseases with various degree of defective remodeling. Increased bone density is the predominant radiologic feature. The skull is often involved with basal sclerosis and the sinuses are obliterated. The most serious consequences of the osteopetroses are seen in the nervous system. Because of perturbed remodeling of the skull bones, many aspects of the brain and cranial nerve function are endangered. Cranial nerves, blood vessels and the spinal cord may be compressed by progressive occlusion of cranial foramina. Carious, misplaced teeth, dysplastic fingernails, tendency to pathologic fractures are the other clinical manifestations. The authors present a 14-year-old girl with dysmorphic features, optic atrophy, CNS vessel malformation, pathologic fractures and seizures. The girl had a wide range of clinical and radiographic symptoms of bone dysplasias together with a giant left internal carotid artery aneurysm and epilepsy. On the basis of clinical and radiological features, a disease belonging to the group of skeletal dysplasias was recognized in our patient. The configuration of the presented symptoms does not allow at the moment strict classification to hitherto determined forms of dysplasia. This leads to the necessity of extending diagn leads to the necessity of extending diagnostics, especially by molecular tests, and further long-lasting observations, which perhaps would allow classification of the presented syndrome to one of the known groups, or determination of a new clinical entity. (author)

  7. Music Education Department students attitudes towards “Turkish Music History” course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burçin Uçaner

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted in order to analyze the attitudes of second, third, and fourth grade students at the Faculty of Education, Department of Music Education towards the Turkish Music History course. Descriptive research methods with quantitative and qualitative dimensions have been adopted with an integrated approach. The sample group includes 871 second, third, and fourth students from Music Education Departments of 12 universities in Turkey. Data have been obtained via a Turkish Music History Course Attitude Scale which was developed by the researcher. According to the findings of the research, students have stated that factors such as the inadequacy of the way the course was given, the attitude of the lecturer, the number of topics covered, the insipidity of the classes, the inappropriateness of the location and time of the classes, and the difficulty of the exams are the main reasons that negatively affected their attitudes. Nevertheless, they have stated that they enjoyed learning about Turkish music that the course contributed to their general knowledge and culture, that they liked the topics and that the course makes a positive impact on other courses; and they have made various suggestions.

  8. Truancy as a Contextual and School-Related Problem: A Comparative Multilevel Analysis of Country and School Characteristics on Civic Knowledge among 14 Year Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Claes, Ellen; Hooghe, Marc; Reeskens, Tim

    2009-01-01

    In recent years, various governments and education agencies have developed stricter policies to reduce truancy levels, mainly based on the argument that truancy is associated with risk behaviour, crime and substance abuse. In this article, we use a large, 28-nation comparative survey among 14 year olds to detect general patterns in consequences…

  9. [A case of a 14-year-old boy with chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis first diagnosed as acute focal bacterial nephritis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tada, Norimasa; Tanaka, Eriko; Motoyoshi, Yaeko

    2015-01-01

    A 14-year-old boy was admitted to a general hospital because of prolonged fever of unknown origin. After Enterococcus feacalis was detected from his urine and abdominal contrast enhanced computed tomography and 99m-Tc dimercaptosuccinic acid scintigram showed multiple focal defects, he was diagnosed as acute focal bacterial nephritis (AFBN). His condition recovered as a result of Ampicillin (ABPC)and Cefotaxime infusion. There was no specific finding in voiding cystography. Six months later, his fever recurred and he was diagnosed as refractory AFBN because Enterococcus feacalis was detected in his urine again. He was treated with ABPC and Meropenem (MEPM) infusion, but the fever persisted and his renal function deteriorated. He was transferred to our hospital for intensive treatment. On admission, blood examination showed findings of inflammation (WBC 14,400/?L, CRP 3.7 mg/dL, erythrocyte sedimentation rate : 69 mm/h, IgG : 2,107 mg/dL) and renal impairment (Cr : 1.8 mg/dL, cystatin C : 2.0 mg/L). Although neither pyuria nor pathogenic bacteria were detected in his urine, Enterococcusfeacalis was detected at the hospital where he had been treated previously, hence we started treatment for AFBN with ABPC, MEPM, Levofloxacin, then Linezolid. However, the fever persisted and his renal function deteriorated (Cr 2.0 mg/dL). Kidney-specific accumulation was found in Ga scintigraphy, which suggested chronic inflammation. Clinical course and laboratory findings showed no symptoms of bacterial, viral, fungal, or tuberculous infections nor collagen disease. Although renal biopsy revealed no glomerular abnormality, tubulointerstitial edema, fibrosis and tubulitis were observed. Rupture of the tubular basal membrane and non-caseating granulomas also existed. Pathological findings did not match those of renal sarcoidosis. Ophthalmological screening negated the existence of tubulointerstitial nephritis with uveitis syndrome. After methylprednisolone pulse therapy, the fever recovered immediately and his renal impairment imroved gradually (Cr 1.49 mg/dL). He continues to undergo treatment as an outpatient. Although tubulointerstitial nephritis is rare in children, some patients have a poor renal prognosis. It is important to determine the existence of tubulointerstitial nephritis on treating a patient with renal impairment. PMID:25735087

  10. A validity and reliability study of physical activity enjoyment scale-short form for Turkish children and youth

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    A. Dilsad Mirzeo?lu

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Although there are many benefits of physical activity on people, it is important to provide enjoyment in the physical activity to increase and ensure the continuity of the participation. The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form for the 9-14 years old Turkish students. 150 students (91 girls, 59 boys in 4-8 classes from Hatay, ?stanbul and Krd. Ere?li were participated in this study. The expert report, descriptive factor analysis, Confirmatory factor analysis were used to construct validity of the study and Cronbach Alpha internal coefficient value was performed for the reliability of Turkish version of Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form. Results of the exploratory factor analysis showed that the factor values of the items between .606 and .735, the eigenvalue 2.351 and descriptive variance value % 47.017 were found. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the adaptive values of the scale were RMSEA = .057, ?² / df = 1.476, TLI = .960, CFI = .980 and SRMR = .039. According to the results the single factorial construct was supported. The Cronbach Alpha internal coefficient value was .711. As a result, it can be said that the Turkish version of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale-Short Form is valid and reliable scale for the 9-14 years old children and youth to explain their enjoyment level in physical activity.

  11. An Investigation into Turkish EFL Students’ Attributions in Reading Comprehension

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    Cevdet Y?lmaz

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Learner attributions, perceived causes of success and failure, have received considerable attention. However, very little research has been carried out in the area of learning foreign languages. This empiricalstudy investigated Turkish EFL students’ attributions in reading. The aims of the study were (1 to investigateuniversity students’ attributions for success and failures in second language reading and (2 to examine theways in which these vary according to gender, proficiency and teacher opinions. Student questionnairesidentified 13 common attributions. Also, 17 EFL teachers were asked to what they attributed student successand failure in reading. Many statistically significant differences were found between attribution and gender,proficiency, and between student and teacher opinions. The study concludes with a set of pedagogicalimplications for the teaching and learning of English reading.

  12. Turkish High School Students' Perceptions of Leaders and Characteristics of Leadership

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulusoy, Kadir

    2011-01-01

    Leaders mentioned in history courses are often viewed by Turkish students either as positive role models or as perpetrators of negative deeds. The leadership models included in Turkish high school course materials may significantly influence student perceptions. The purpose of this research study was to determine the effect of a history course in…

  13. DEVELOPMENT OF THE PHYSICAL CAPABILITIES OF STUDENTS OF BOTH SEXES AGED FROM 6 TO 14 YEARS OLD

    OpenAIRE

    Seryozha Gontarev; Vujica Zivkovic; Milan Naumovski; Ruzhdija Kalac

    2013-01-01

    A research on 4,162 research participants, categorized into 9 age groups of males and 9 age groups of females, has been carried out. To realize the aim of the research, 3 motor skill tests have been applied: standing long jump, sit ups in 30 seconds and bent arm hang test. For all age categories the following calculations have been done to the three motor skill tests: basic statistical parameters, while the difference between the age categories and the sex of the participants is determined th...

  14. THE EFFECT OF STRENGTH TRAINING ON SOME MOTOR ABILITIES IN 12-14 YEARS-OLD MALE TENNIS PLAYERS

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    Ferhat AKTA?

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine effect of 8-week strength training on motor abilities of male tennis players between aged 12-14 years.The total 20 athletes which played in the Club of Ankara Tennis participated in the study, as experimental group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 years, Height:152.90±4.22 cm, Body mass:40.64±5.72 kg and control group (n=10, Age:13.10±0.87 y?l, Height:152.30±4.73 cm, Body mass:39.35±3.62 kg. The experimental group performed the strength training for 8 weeks in addition to tennis training. The control group performed only tennis training. The motor abilities were measured before the strength training period (pre-test and after the strength training (post-test for the experimental and control group. The results of pre-test of experimental and control group were defined as a co-variance and the difference between post-tests of variables was compared in univariate co-variance analysis. The difference between some performance variables of experimental and control groups was determined by using independent t test. The level of significance was set at p?0.05. There was no significant difference between heights of the experimental and control group and their body weights (p>0.05. There were no significant difference between results of peak power, mean power and fatique index of Wingate test performed by the experimental and control group (p>0.05. There was significant difference between the result of relative mean power of Wingate test performed by the experimental and control group (p?0.05. Although there were not found between durations of 5-m sprint, 30-m sprint, asymmetric sprint for the experimental group and control group (p>0.05, there was significant difference between those of 10-m sprint durations (p?0.05. The right and left hand grip strength of the experimental group was significantly higher than the right and left hand grip strength of the control group (p?0.01. The skinfold of the experimental group was significantly less than skinfold of the control group (p?0.01. The value of 20-m shuttle run of the experimental group was significantly higher than those of the control group (p?0.01. There was no significant difference between experimental group and control group in flexibility (p>0.05.As a result, the strength training for eight weeks improved the abilities of endurance, strength, and in some speed abilities in 12-14 year-old male tennis player, however it was observed that the strength training did not induce any changes in flexibility and anaerobic power.

  15. Giant chondrolipoma of the tongue in a 14-year-old child with mandibular hypertrophy. Isolated lesion or regional overgrowth syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batchvarova, Z; Kadlub, N; Coulomb-L'Hermine, A; Picard, A; Galliani, E

    2012-02-01

    Chondrolipoma is a rare condition; especially in the oral cavity. The authors described a giant chondrolipoma of the tongue, associated with mandibular and lower lip overgrowth, in a 14-year-old boy. After tumour excision, histopathological examination showed mature cartilage within lobules of mature adipocytes. This is the first case of giant chondrolipoma associated with facial overgrowth. The aetiology and the association with a localized Proteus syndrome are discussed. PMID:21802258

  16. Renal medullary AA amyloidosis, hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleated hepatocytes in a 14-year-old free-ranging lioness (Panthera leo)

    OpenAIRE

    Momberg, M.; Williams, J. H.; Wilpe, E.

    2012-01-01

    A 14-year-old lioness, originating from Etosha in Namibia, and a member of a pride in Pilanesberg National Park since translocation in 1994, was euthanased due to fight-related vertebral fracture and spinal injury, incurred approximately 6-8 weeks previously. Blood specimens collected at the time of death showed mild anaemia and a leukogram reflecting stress and chronic infection. Necropsy conducted within 2 hours of death was on a dehydrated, emaciated animal with hindquarter wasting and chr...

  17. Predicting Turkish Ninth Grade Students' Algebra Preformance

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    Ayhan Kursat Erbas

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The prediction of students’ achievement in algebra in eighth and ninth grades has become a research interest for practical issues of placement. A group of simple, easily accessible variables was used to predict student performance in algebra after completion of eighth grade. The three variables of school type, grade level, and previous year mathematics performance explained 54% of the variance in algebra performance. Furthermore, school type was the dominant predictor of performance, explaining 33% of the total variation in algebra achievement.

  18. Factors Affecting Turkish Students' Achievement in Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Ibrahim; Kilic, Serpil; Depren, Ozer

    2009-01-01

    Following past researches, student background, learning strategies, self-related cognitions in mathematics and school climate variables were important for achievement. The purpose of this study was to identify a number of factors that represent the relationship among sets of interrelated variables using principal component factor analysis and…

  19. Turkish Students' Ideas about Global Warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilinc, Ahmet; Stanisstreet, Martin; Boyes, Edward

    2008-01-01

    A questionnaire was used to explore the prevalence of ideas about global warming in Year 10 (age 15-16 years) school students in Turkey. The frequencies of individual scientific ideas and misconceptions about the causes, consequences and "cures" of global warming were identified. In addition, several general findings emerged from this study.…

  20. LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGY PREFERENCES OF TURKISH STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Selma Deneme

    2008-01-01

    A learning style is a preferred way of acquiring knowledge and processing information. Learning styles may differ depending on gender, age, or culture. Niles (1995) in his study “Cultural Differences in Learning Motivation and Learning Strategies” studied the cultural impact on learning strategies and found considerable differences between culturally different students.Providing evidence for the relationship between culture and learning strategy preference and use, this study aims at exam...

  1. Adaptation of the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) to Turkish Students: Factorial Validity and Reliability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cikrikci-Demirtash, R. Nukhet

    2005-01-01

    The study presented in this article was conducted to determine psychometric features of scales for Turkish students by adapting the Patterns of Adaptive Learning Scales (PALS) developed by Midgley and others (2000) to the Turkish language in order to measure personal and classroom goal orientations. The scales were developed to test…

  2. Condom-related beliefs among Turkish university students

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    Serap Bulduk

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Young people are at a high risk of contracting HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI. However, their rate of condom use is low. The purpose of the study is to investigate health beliefs affecting condom use among Turkish university students. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from June to September of 2007. Two hundred and fifty-four (254 university students were interviewed using a questionnaire. A logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with condom use. Sixteen (16 percent of the females and 67 percent of the males used condoms during their last sexual intercourse. Failure to use a condom was related to a perceived reduction in sexual satisfaction [OR = 5.46 (1.69 – 17.60] and financial limitations [OR = 2.76 (1.46 – 5.20]. These data will be useful in designing and improving HIV/STD prevention programs in Turkey.

  3. The Production of Turkish Relative Clauses in Second Language Acquisition: Overcoming Student Difficulties

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    Anjel Toczu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This study focuses on teaching relative clauses (R.Cs in Turkish, a left-branching language, and discusses the relative difficulty of producing RCs in Turkish by English-speaking learners by investigating whether the production of subject relative clauses in Turkish is easier than that of the object relative clauses. It also offers suggestions as to how to help learners overcome these difficulties. Turkish and English belong to two different language families, Altaic and Inda-European respectively. This study lends further insight that Turkish does not have RCs similar to those found in Inda-European languages. Instead, in Turkish RCs comprise nominalized verbs and participles. The characteristics of Turkish are also explained such as its word order, agglutinating morphology, vowel and consonant harmony rules as well as case markers indicating grammatical relations between sentence constituents, which shed light to our understanding of RCs in Turkish. Data was collected through written and oral tasks from students enrolled in a military intensive Turkish language training program in the United States. Moreover, their performance was studied through classroom observations and one-on-one speaking activities.

  4. CT scan-guided percutaneous osteosynthesis of a complex, multifocal fracture of the pelvic girdle in a 14-year-old adolescent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report on a 14-year-old girl with minimally displaced pelvic girdle and acetabular roof fracture following motor vehicle trauma, treated percutaneously under CT and C-arm fluoroscopic guidance by an interventional radiologist. After informed consent from the patient's parents, under surgical aseptic conditions and under general anesthesia, three screws were positioned adequately under dual guidance by a radiologist and without immediate or long-term complication. The patient was mobilized 48 h after the procedure and resumed normal activities after 1 month. Even though the technique has been described before on adults, to our knowledge this is the first time it has been described on a pediatric patient. (orig.)

  5. Validity and Reliability of the QIDS-SR16-Turkish in Comparison with BDI-II-Turkish Among Young Outpatient Sample of Turkish University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurtulu? Öngel

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Ob­jec­ti­ve: To evaluate the validity and reliability of 16-item self-report version of the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (QIDS-SR16 scale in comparison with BDI-II-Turkish (BDI-II-T in a young sample of Turkish university students.Met­hods: A slightly modified version of the QIDS-SR16-Turkish (QIDS-SR16-T available at www.ids-qids.org, along with the BDI-II-T, was administered to 628 young Turkish university students who attended the Family Health Center in Uluda? University Campus between February and April 2010. Descriptive analyses, Student’s t-test, receiver operating characteristic (ROC analysis, and confirmatory factor analyses were used in the study.Re­sults: The mean age of the participants was 21.1±2.16 (SD years; 67.8% were female and 32.2% were male. Cronbach’s ? coefficient for internal consistency of the QIDS-SR16-T was found to be 0.769. The mean item-total correlation was 0.45, ranging from 0.29 to 0.71. The correlation between the BDI-II-T and QIDS-SR16-T was 0.72. ROC curve analysis suggested 9 as the optimal cut-off for a clinical depression level for the QIDS-SR16-T. Conc­lu­si­on: We observed that the QIDS-SR16-T demonstrated good psychometric properties in a sample of young Turkish students and has convergent validity with the BDI-II-T, a widely used scale for depression. It is essential to diagnose reliably the major depressive disorder and to follow up the patients by valid screening instruments in primary care setting. The internal consistencies of the QIDS determined in studies from the United States were greater than our Cronbach’s ? coefficient, but there was no statistically significant difference between them (z=0.55, p>0.05. The QIDS-SR16-T can be reliably used in primary care settings. (Arc­hi­ves of Neu­ropsy­chi­atry 2012;49: 1-5

  6. Factors Affecting the Motivation of Turkish Primary Students for Science Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavas, Pinar

    2011-01-01

    In this study, Turkish primary students' (sixth to eighth grade) motivation toward science learning was investigated and factors affecting this determined. The sample for the study consisted of 376 students from 5 different primary schools in Izmir. The data were collected through a Students' Motivation toward Science Learning (SMTSL)…

  7. Turkish Students' Science Performance and Related Factors in PISA 2006 and 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topçu, Mustafa Sami; Arikan, Serkan; Erbilgin, Evrim

    2015-01-01

    The OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) enables participating countries to monitor 15-year old students' progress in reading, mathematics, and science literacy. The present study investigates persistent factors that contribute to science performance of Turkish students in PISA 2006 and PISA 2009. Additionally,…

  8. CT scan-guided percutaneous osteosynthesis of a complex, multifocal fracture of the pelvic girdle in a 14-year-old adolescent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagné, Pierre-Thomas; Bertrand, Anne-Sophie; Caudal, Amandine; El Hayek, Tony; Amoretti, Nicolas

    2014-08-01

    We report on a 14-year-old girl with minimally displaced pelvic girdle and acetabular roof fracture following motor vehicle trauma, treated percutaneously under CT and C-arm fluoroscopic guidance by an interventional radiologist. After informed consent from the patient's parents, under surgical aseptic conditions and under general anesthesia, three screws were positioned adequately under dual guidance by a radiologist and without immediate or long-term complication. The patient was mobilized 48 h after the procedure and resumed normal activities after 1 month. Even though the technique has been described before on adults, to our knowledge this is the first time it has been described on a pediatric patient. PMID:24647555

  9. CT scan-guided percutaneous osteosynthesis of a complex, multifocal fracture of the pelvic girdle in a 14-year-old adolescent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gagne, Pierre-Thomas; Bertrand, Anne-Sophie; Caudal, Amandine; El Hayek, Tony; Amoretti, Nicolas [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Nice, Nice (France)

    2014-08-15

    We report on a 14-year-old girl with minimally displaced pelvic girdle and acetabular roof fracture following motor vehicle trauma, treated percutaneously under CT and C-arm fluoroscopic guidance by an interventional radiologist. After informed consent from the patient's parents, under surgical aseptic conditions and under general anesthesia, three screws were positioned adequately under dual guidance by a radiologist and without immediate or long-term complication. The patient was mobilized 48 h after the procedure and resumed normal activities after 1 month. Even though the technique has been described before on adults, to our knowledge this is the first time it has been described on a pediatric patient. (orig.)

  10. Exploring academic procrastination among Turkish students: possible gender differences in prevalence and reasons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Ferrari, Joseph R

    2009-04-01

    The authors examined the prevalence of and reasons, or excuses, for academic procrastination as a function of gender and academic grade level. In Study 1, a factor analysis of responses by 203 Turkish undergraduate students to an academic procrastination measure provided evidence of reliability and validity for the revised scale. In Study 2,784 students (363 women, 421 men; M age = 20.6 years, SD age = 1.74 years) completed the validated Turkish Procrastination Assessment Scale-Students. The results were that 52% of students self-reported frequent academic procrastination, with male students reporting more frequent procrastination on academic tasks than female students. Significantly more female students than male students reported greater academic procrastination because of fear of failure and laziness; male students reported more academic procrastination as a result of risk taking and rebellion against control than did female students. PMID:19425360

  11. An Investigation into Students' Turkish Language Needs at Jagiellonian University in Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Fatıh

    2014-01-01

    Needs analysis is a system for gathering and analyzing information about a person's needs. In the case of education, needs analysis forms the basis for developing a curriculum that meets the learning needs of a particular group of students. The purpose of this study is to determine the Turkish language needs of students enrolled in the…

  12. Exploring Bilingualism in a Monolingual School System: Insights from Turkish and Native Students from Belgian Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agirdag, Orhan

    2010-01-01

    A growing body of empirical studies indicates the educational benefits of bilingualism. Despite this tendency, bilingual minority students are being pressured by school authorities to shed their mother tongues. We conducted qualitative interviews with Turkish-bilingual and native-monolingual students in Flemish (Belgium) secondary schools to…

  13. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Usage and Achievement of Turkish Students in Pisa 2006

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aypay, Ahmet

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the ICT usage and academic achievement of Turkish students in PISA 2006 data. The sample of the study included 4942 students from 160 schools. Frequencies, independent samples t-tests, ANOVAs, pearson correlation coefficients, exploratory factor analysis, and regression analysis were used. A high percentage…

  14. Relationships of Homework Motivation and Preferences to Homework Achievement and Attitudes in Turkish Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iflazoglu, Ayten; Hong, Eunsook

    2012-01-01

    Whether students' motivation, organizational approaches, physical needs, and environmental and interpersonal preferences during the homework process predict homework achievement and attitudes toward homework was examined in 1,776 Turkish students in Grades 5 through 8. The Homework Motivation and Preference Questionnaire was utilized to assess…

  15. Parental education, body mass index and prevalence of obesity among 14-year-old boys between 1987 and 1997 in Wroclaw, Poland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The main aim of this study was to examine changes in relative weight and prevalence of obesity across a ten-year period among 14-year-old boys according to parental education level. Data from two surveys, carried out in 1987 and 1997, of boys attending the 7th grade of primary schools in Wroclaw were used in the analysis. The heights and weights of 3165 boys aged 14 years selected from cohort of 6969 7th and 8th grade boys from all primary schools of the city Wroclaw were used. The data of the second sample of 14-year-old boys (n = 1014) were obtained from a health examination study carried out in the Silesian Centre for Preventive Medicine, 'DOLMED', in Wroclaw in 1997. All boys attended the 7th grade of 34 randomly selected primary schools from a total of 129 schools in the city of Wroclaw. Social status was assessed on the basis of parental education level scored to four categories: university, secondary school, trade school, and elementary school. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was defined as the percentage of children above the 85th and 95th percentiles of the body mass index (BMI), the means of which were 21.27 and 23.75 kg/m2 respectively. Prevalence of overweight among boys is slightly lower in the 1997 sample, whereas the prevalence of obesity shows the opposite trend and is higher by more than one percent in comparison with the 1987 sample. Similar trends of declining medians and increasing variance are observed in all educational groupsnce are observed in all educational groups. The differences in medians between the two samples within educational groups did not achieve statistical significance for the groups with parents with education at elementary level and fathers with university education. There is a trend toward increasing prevalence of obesity across the decade considered, according to father's education level. With respect to mother's education levels, the most dramatic changes in BMI and obesity occurred in the elementary education group, where the percentage of obese subjects increased more than twofold. A significant increase is also observed in the group with parents attaining university education

  16. Popliteal artery injury following traumatic knee joint dislocation in a 14-year-old boy: A case report and review of the literature

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    Cvetkovi? Slobodan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Posterior knee joint dislocation associated with injury of the popliteal artery in children is an extremely rare condition. Rapid diagnosis and treatment are essential for limb salvage and function. Case report. We reported a 14-year-old boy who suffered traumatic displacement of the right knee and contusion of the popliteal artery during motorcycle accident. The diagnosis was confirmed using Doppler and duplex ultrasonography and digital substraction transfemoral arteriography. The urgent surgical procedure was performed using posterior approach to the popliteal artery. During the surgical exploration, rupture of the posterior cruciate ligament associated with thrombosed popliteal artery have been found. The damaged popliteal artery was resected and replaced with autologous saphenous vein graft. The last stage of the procedure was a transosseous femoral fixation of posterior circuate ligament. A 3-year-follow-up after the surgery demonstrated intact arterial perfusion and very good function of the knee with a minimal difference as compared with the contralateral knee. Conclusion. Combined orthopedic and vascular injuries are very rare in children. They require combined treatment. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 175008

  17. Spinal epidural en-plaque meningioma with an unusual pattern of calcification in a 14-year-old girl: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Messori, A; Rychlicki, F; Salvolini, U

    2002-03-01

    A 14-year-old girl who presented with a severe sensory-motor-sphincter syndrome was found to be harboring an epidural tumor situated posteriorly in the spinal canal from C5 through C7 levels. The mass had computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging features suggesting an unusual stratified architecture, with a conspicuous highly calcific component firmly adherent to the dura and a non-calcific mass surrounding it posteriorly and laterally. Although meningiomas have a low incidence in the first two decades of life, and in the spine they rarely have entirely extradural location at any age, a meningioma was suspected. Intraoperative biopsy confirmed the tumor to be benign, and careful total resection including the whole large dural implant was carried out; the wide dural defect was grafted with fascia lata. A meningothelial meningioma with a largely calcified psammomatous component was diagnosed. The girl made a complete recovery, and is tumor-free 9 years postoperatively. Outcome from surgery for spinal meningiomas can be good, despite the severity of the preoperative condition; however, enplaque and highly calcific tumors still bear a poorer prognosis. Complete resection is mandatory in children, in whom they are extremely rare. Modern imaging techniques help in making a correct initial diagnosis and optimizing surgery in order to provide good results, even in more-challenging cases. PMID:11942384

  18. Spinal epidural en-plaque meningioma with an unusual pattern of calcification in a 14-year-old girl: case report and review of the literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Messori, A.; Salvolini, U. [Department of Neuroradiology, Universita degli Studi di Ancona (Italy); Rychlicki, F. [Department of Neurosurgery, Universita degli Studi di Ancona (Italy)

    2002-03-01

    A 14-year-old girl who presented with a severe sensory-motor-sphincter syndrome was found to be harboring an epidural tumor situated posteriorly in the spinal canal from C5 through C7 levels. The mass had computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging features suggesting an unusual stratified architecture, with a conspicuous highly calcific component firmly adherent to the dura and a non-calcific mass surrounding it posteriorly and laterally. Although meningiomas have a low incidence in the first two decades of life, and in the spine they rarely have entirely extradural location at any age, a meningioma was suspected. Intraoperative biopsy confirmed the tumor to be benign, and careful total resection including the whole large dural implant was carried out; the wide dural defect was grafted with fascia lata. A meningothelial meningioma with a largely calcified psammomatous component was diagnosed. The girl made a complete recovery, and is tumor-free 9 years postoperatively. Outcome from surgery for spinal meningiomas can be good, despite the severity of the preoperative condition; however, en-plaque and highly calcific tumors still bear a poorer prognosis. Complete resection is mandatory in children, in whom they are extremely rare. Modern imaging techniques help in making a correct initial diagnosis and optimizing surgery in order to provide good results, even in more-challenging cases. (orig.)

  19. Deep Venous Thrombosis of the Leg, Associated with Agenesis of the Infrarenal Inferior Vena Cava and Hypoplastic Left Kidney (KILT Syndrome) in a 14-Year-Old Child

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bami, Sakshi; Vazquez, Yarelis; Chorny, Valeriy; Amodio, John

    2015-01-01

    Agenesis of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare anomaly which can be identified as incidental finding or can be associated with iliofemoral vein thrombosis. IVC agenesis has a known association with renal anomalies which are mainly confined to the right kidney. We describe a case of a 14-year-old male who presented with left leg swelling and pain. Ultrasonography confirmed the presence of left leg deep vein thrombosis (DVT). No underlying hematologic risk factors were identified. A CT scan was obtained which demonstrated absent infrarenal IVC and extensive thrombosis in the left deep venous system and development of collateral venous flow into the azygous/hemiazygous system, with extension of thrombus into paraspinal collaterals. An additional finding in the patient was an atrophic left kidney and stenosis of an accessory left renal artery. Agenesis of the IVC should be considered in a young patient presenting with lower extremity DVT, especially in patients with no risk factors for thrombosis. As agenesis of the IVC cannot be corrected, one should be aware that there is a lifelong risk of lower extremity DVT. PMID:25685585

  20. Developmental and sex differences in somatosensory perception--a systematic comparison of 7- versus 14-year-olds using quantitative sensory testing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blankenburg, M; Meyer, D; Hirschfeld, G; Kraemer, N; Hechler, T; Aksu, F; Krumova, E K; Magerl, W; Maier, C; Zernikow, B

    2011-11-01

    There are controversial discussions regarding developmental- and sex-related differences in somatosensory perception, which were found, eg, when comparing younger children (6-8 years), older children (9-12 years), and adolescents (13-16 years) using quantitative sensory testing (QST). The aim of our current study was to systematically assess the impact of age and sex using the QST protocol of the German Research Network on Neuropathic Pain (DFNS). QST, including thermal and mechanical detection and pain thresholds, was assessed in 86 healthy 7-year-old children (42 girls and 44 boys) and 87 healthy 14-year-old adolescents (43 girls and 44 boys). The sample size was calculated a priori to detect medium-sized effects as found in the previous studies with adequate power. Developmental and sex differences were tested using univariate analysis of variance. Children were more sensitive to most pain stimuli, except cold pain stimuli, compared with adolescents, but did not differ in mechanical and thermal detection thresholds except in regard to cold stimuli. Sex had an impact only on warm detection, with girls being more sensitive. There were no interactions between age and sex. In conclusion, developmental changes during the puberty appear to influence pain perception, whereas sex effects in childhood are negligible. At present, it is not clear what brings about the differences between adult men and women that are apparent in epidemiological studies. Our results contradict the hypothesis that differences in peripheral nerve-fiber functioning underlie sex effects. PMID:21907494

  1. Validity and Reliability of the Revised Physical Anhedonia Scale-Turkish Version in University Students

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    Bora BASKAK

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Rado and Meehl proposed anhedonia as a main symptom and as a basis of other symptoms of schizotypy and schizophrenia. However, anhedonia was accepted as an important and standard symptom of schizophrenia after being classified as negative symptom by Andreassen. Chapman examined anhedonia as social and physical, and in 1976, has`developed the Physical Anhedonia Scale (PAS; it has been frequently used in the research projects. This study aims to explore the validity and reliability of the PAS-Turkish version in university students. Methods: PAS was translated into Turkish and some items were culturally adapted. The Turkish version was applied to university students twice with a three-week interval. Results: Regarding the internal consistency of the scale, the a values were: 0.84 for the whole sample, 0,85 for males and 0.82 for females. Eleven items with low item-rest correlations were excluded from the Turkish version. The test-retest reliability was 0,60. Discussion: The internal consistency and test-retest reliability values were acceptable. The Turkish version of PAS is eligible to be used in schizotypy research and to test different hypothesis related to physical anhedonia. However, it must be noted that the concept of physical anhedonia is considerably influenced by culture. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2009; 46 Supplement: 43-8

  2. Diagnosing the EAP needs of Turkish medical students: A longitudinal critical needs analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Neslihan Önder Özdemir

    2014-01-01

    This study uses a longitudinal critical needs analysis to diagnose the English for academic purposes (EAP) needs of Turkish medical students seeking proficiency in medical English and contribute to needs analysis methodology. The data were collected from medical students and specialists. To obtain valid and reliable information about medical students’ needs, three types of instruments were used: ethnographic methods, including sustained observation and participation in a research setting; r...

  3. Attitudes of Turkish Parents, Pediatric Residents, and Medical Students toward Child Disciplinary Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orhon, Filiz Simsek; Ulukol, Betul; Bingoler, Bahar; Gulnar, Sevgi Baskan

    2006-01-01

    Objective: The aims of the study were to: determine the attitudes of parents, pediatric residents, and medical students from a Turkish population toward childhood disciplinary methods; ascertain the association of participants' abusive childhood history with their attitudes toward discipline; and assess their attitudes about disciplinary actions,…

  4. Turkish School Students and Global Warming: Beliefs and Willingness to Act

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilinc, Ahmet; Boyes, Edward; Stanisstreet, Martin

    2011-01-01

    One aim of environmental education is to persuade people to act in more pro-environmental ways. However, there is not a linear relationship between environmental knowledge "in general" and a willingness to act pro-environmentally. This research explores, using a specially-devised questionnaire, Turkish school students' beliefs about the benefits…

  5. Problematic Internet Use among Turkish University Students: A Multidimensional Investigation Based on Demographics and Internet Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tekinarslan, Erkan; Gurer, Melih Derya

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the Turkish undergraduate university students' problematic Internet use (PIU) levels on different dimensions based on demographics (e.g., gender, Internet use by time of day), and Internet activities (e.g., chat, entertainment, social networking, information searching, etc.). Moreover, the study explored some predictors of…

  6. Turkish University Students' Motivation to Learn English: Integration into International Community

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bektas-Cetinkaya, Yesim

    2012-01-01

    This article explores Turkish university students' motivation and orientations toward learning English in a globalizing world. The study utilizes questionnaire responses and a focus group interview. Factor analysis of questionnaire data revealed three independent orientations, namely, "Integration into International Community," "Integration into…

  7. Vocational Self-Esteem and Psychological Needs in Turkish Counseling Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Civitci, Asim

    2010-01-01

    In this study, relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs (autonomy, affiliation, achievement, and dominance) in Turkish counseling students were examined. In addition, the moderating effect of gender on the relationships between vocational self-esteem and psychological needs was investigated. The participants consisted…

  8. Unethical Computer Using Behavior Scale: A Study of Reliability and Validity on Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Namlu, Aysen Gurcan; Odabasi, Hatice Ferhan

    2007-01-01

    This study was carried out in a Turkish university with 216 undergraduate students of computer technology as respondents. The study aimed to develop a scale (UECUBS) to determine the unethical computer use behavior. A factor analysis of the related items revealed that the factors were can be divided under five headings; intellectual property,…

  9. Views of Elementary and Middle School Turkish Students toward Environmental Issues. Research Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Ozgul; Boone, William; Andersen, Hans

    2004-01-01

    This study was conducted in order to identify the intensity of Turkish students' views with regard to environmental issues presented in the national curriculum and to determine how these views differ by gender, grade level, previous science achievement, socio-economic status (SES), and school location. For this project, a 51-item Attitude Toward…

  10. Predictive role of authenticity on psychological vulnerability in Turkish university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satici, Seydi Ahmet; Kayis, Ahmet Rifat; Akin, Ahmet

    2013-04-01

    Authenticity is associated with adaptive psychological characteristics and may be predictive of psychological vulnerability. The study was conducted with Turkish university students (N = 303; 158 women, 145 men; M age = 20.1 yr.). Participants completed the Turkish version of Authenticity Scale and the Psychological Vulnerability Scale. Psychological vulnerability was correlated positively with two subfactors of authenticity, accepting external influence and self-alienation, and negatively with the authentic living factor of authenticity. Self-alienation, accepting external influence, and authentic living were related to psychological vulnerability, accounting for 33% of the variance collectively. Authenticity is an important predictor of psychological vulnerability. PMID:23833879

  11. TURKISH STUDENTS’ UNDERSTANDING OF TRANSPARENT AND OPAQUE IDIOMS IN ENGLISH IN READING AS WELL AS IN SPEAKING

    OpenAIRE

    Elkilic?, Gencer

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the understanding of transparent and opaque English idiomatic expressions of Turkish students. In order to carry out the study, randomly selected 35 intermediate and 36 advanced level students in the Department of English Language and Literature at Kafkas University, Kars, Turkey, were given a 40-item containing Turkish version of idiomatic expressions and a 40-item containing English version of different idiomatic expressions. The students were ...

  12. Renal medullary AA amyloidosis, hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleated hepatocytes in a 14-year-old free-ranging lioness (Panthera leo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Momberg

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A 14-year-old lioness, originating from Etosha in Namibia, and a member of a pride in Pilanesberg National Park since translocation in 1994, was euthanased due to fight-related vertebral fracture and spinal injury, incurred approximately 6-8 weeks previously. Blood specimens collected at the time of death showed mild anaemia and a leukogram reflecting stress and chronic infection. Necropsy conducted within 2 hours of death was on a dehydrated, emaciated animal with hindquarter wasting and chronic traumatic friction injuries from dragging her hindlegs. There was cellulitis in the region of bite-wounds adjacent to the thoraco-lumbar vertebral fracture, at which site there was spinal cord compression, and there was marked intestinal helminthiasis. The outer renal medullae appeared pale and waxy and the liver was macroscopically unremarkable. Histopathology and electron microscopy of the kidneys revealed multifocal to coalescing deposits of proximal medullary interstitial amyloid, which fluoresced strongly with thioflavine T, and was sensitive to potassium permanganate treatment prior to Congo Red staining, thus indicating inflammatory (AA origin. There was diffuse hepatocyte dissociation, as well as numerous binucleated and scattered multinucleated (up to 8 nuclei/cell hepatocytes, with swollen hepatocyte mitochondria, in liver examined light microscopically. Ultrastructurally, the mono-, bi- and multinucleated hepatocytes contained multifocal irregular membrane-bound accumulations of finely-granular, amorphous material both intra-cytoplasmically and intra-nuclearly, as well as evidence of irreversible mitochondrial injury. The incidence and relevance in cats and other species of amyloidosis, particularly with renal medullary distribution, as well as of hepatocyte dissociation and multinucleation, as reported in selected literature, is briefly overviewed and their occurrence in this lioness is discussed.

  13. The biological age of 14-year-old boys and success in adult soccer: do early maturers predominate in the top-level game?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostojic, Sergej M; Castagna, Carlo; Calleja-González, Julio; Jukic, Igor; Idrizovic, Kemal; Stojanovic, Marko

    2014-01-01

    Talent identification and development in soccer is often biased by maturation-related differences of young athletes. However, there is no information available about success rates for youth maturing at different tempos to achieve success in elite adult soccer. The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of different maturational groups among boys playing soccer, and to track them for competence in adult performance. A prospective cohort study design was used to follow 55, 14-year-old boys playing in Serbian youth soccer Division I over eight years. At the age of 14, biological age using skeletal age rates was determined, and participants were categorized as early maturers (EaM), normal maturers (NoM), and late maturers (LaM). Game competence for adult soccer at age 22 was described as elite if an individual played for clubs competing in top-five international soccer leagues (La Liga, Premier League, Bundesliga, Serie A, and Ligue 1), and/or has become a member of an adult National team. Among boys in our study group, 43.8% were categorized as EaM, 35.4% as NoM, and 20.8% as LaM (P = 0.11). A significant difference in biological age was found among maturational groups at age 14, with EaM > NoM > LaM (P > 0.0001). When assessed for adult soccer competence, 33.3% of participants (16 out of 48 players) succeed in achieving elite level. Elite soccer competence acquired 60.1% players from the group of LaM, 38.1% from NoM, and 11.8% from EaM (P > 0.0001). Our comparative analysis suggests that soccer excludes early maturing boys and favors late maturing boys as level of performance increases. PMID:25295477

  14. A cross-curricular physical activity intervention to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in 11-14 year olds: 'Activity Knowledge Circuit'

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    Rees Anwen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease have been shown to track from childhood through to adulthood. Previous school-based physical activity interventions have demonstrated modest improvements to cardiovascular disease risk factors by implementing extra-curricular activities or improving current physical education curriculum. Few have attempted to increase physical activity in class-room taught curriculum subjects. This study will outline a school-based cross-curricular physical activity intervention to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in 11-14 year old children. Method/Design A South Wales Valley school of low socio-economic status has been selected to take part. Participants from year eight (12-13 years are to be assigned to an intervention group, with maturation-matched participants from years seven (11-12 years and nine (13-14 years assigned to a control group. A cross-curricular physical activity intervention will be implemented to increase activity by two hours a week for 18 weeks. Participants will briskly walk 3200 m twice weekly during curriculum lessons (60 minutes duration. With the exception of physical education, all curriculum subjects will participate, with each subject delivering four intervention lessons. The intervention will be performed outdoors and on school premises. An indoor course of equal distance will be used during adverse weather conditions. Cardiovascular disease risk factors will be measured pre- and post-intervention for intervention and control groups. These will take place during physical education lessons and will include measures of stature, mass, waist, hip, and neck circumferences, together with skinfold measure's taken at four sites. Blood pressure will be measured, and fitness status assessed via the 20 m multi-stage fitness test. Questionnaires will be used to determine activity behaviour (physical activity questionnaire for adolescence, diet (seven day food diary and maturation status. Fasting blood variables will include total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, insulin, glucose, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, adiponectin, and fibrinogen. Motivational variables and psychological well-being will be assessed by questionnaire. Discussion Our study may prove to be a cost effective strategy to increase school time physical activity to combat cardiovascular disease risk factors in children. Trial Registration [NCT00998478

  15. The relationship between body composition and physical fitness in 14 year old adolescents residing within the Tlokwe local municipality, South Africa: The PAHL study

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    Monyeki Makama

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about the relationship between body composition and physical fitness in 14?year-old high school adolescents of South Africa. Baseline data from a longitudinal study on physical activity and health (PAHLS may provide valuable information for future studies, hence to inform public health policy makers. The objectives of this study are to determine the prevalence of underweight, normal weight and overweight among adolescents aged 14?years in the Tlokwe Local Municipality of the North West Province of South Africa, and to assess the association between physical fitness and body composition separately for boys and girls, adjusted for race and locality. Methods Body weight, height and triceps, and subscapular skinfolds of 256 adolescents (100 boys and 156 girls aged 14?years were measured, and percentage body fat and body mass index (BMI were calculated. BMI was used to determine underweight, normal weight and overweight based on the standard criterion. Physical fitness was assessed by standing broad jump, bent arm hang and sit-ups according to the EUROFIT fitness standard procedures. Multinomial logistic regression analyses stratified for gender and adjusted for race (black or white, and the locality (urban or township of the schools were used to analyze the data. Results In the total group 35.9% were underweight and 13.7% overweight. Boys were more underweight (44% than girls (30.7%. The prevalence of overweight was 8% in boys and 17.3% in girls. BMI was strongly (p?=?0.01 related with percentage body fat. Strong and significant positive associations between physical fitness and BMI for the underweight girls with high physical fitness scores (OR, 10.69 [95%CI: 2.81-40.73], and overweight girls with high physical fitness scores (OR, 0.11 [95%CI: 0.03-0.50] were found. Non-significant weaker positive relationship between physical fitness and BMI for the underweight boys with high physical fitness scores (OR, 1.80 [95%CI: 0.63-5.09], and the overweight boys with high physical fitness scores (OR, 0.18 [95%CI: 0.02-1.78] were found. Conclusion Both underweight and overweight among boys and girls in Tlokwe Local Municipality exist, and their effects on physical fitness performances were also noticed. As such, strategic physical activity, interventions or follow-up studies recognizing this relationship particularly in the overweight adolescents are needed. In addition, authorities in health and education departments dealing with adolescents should make use of this evidence base information in policies development.

  16. DEVOLOPING A SURVEY ON 6TH GRADE STUDENTS’ AWARENESS OF LISTENING SKILLS IN TURKISH CLASSES

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    Abdullah ?AH?N

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study it is aimed to build up a measurement for finding out 6th grade students’ awareness of listening skills in Turkish classes (In other words, how they find themselves about their listening skills.Sample group is taken from 4 primary public schools of Ministry of National Education in Erzurum, consisting of 6th grade students from different socio-economical groups. Components of the scale is reflected as Likert Type scale (always, often, sometimes, never. After the findings from validity and reliability studies, it can be concluded that the ‘survey’ that is prepared to find out the awareness of the 6th grade students’ listening skills in Turkish classes , is a valid and reliable instrument.

  17. Student Readiness for Technology Enhanced History Education in Turkish High Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ?brahim Turan

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This study examined whether the Turkish high school social sciences major students would feel adequate and fit in atechnology-enhanced educational environment, particularly in history classrooms. To this extent, this study investigated highschool students’ level of proficiency in technology-use and their attitudes toward the use of educational technologies inclassrooms. The data for this study was collected using Kolb’s Learning Style Inventory (LSI Version-3 and a 27-item TechnologyQuestionnaire. The results revealed that from the point of proficiency and attitude Turkish high school social sciences majorstudents have the essential technology skills and knowledge to feel adequate in a technology-enhanced learning environment.They also have positive attitudes toward use of educational technologies in history classrooms. Therefore they seem to beready for technology-enhanced instruction.

  18. Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

    OpenAIRE

    Son Osman; Son Nazan; Ayranci Unal

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM) supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public uni...

  19. A Study on the Factors That Affect Turkish Students' Reading Comprehension Skills

    OpenAIRE

    Aslan Y.

    2011-01-01

    Most of us often seem to read a piece of text, but we usually ignore using essential reading strategies during reading process. Thus, in this study a great deal of information was given about effective reading strategies to comprehend a passage or any other reading material in both native and foreign language. This study aims to show the significance of reading comprehension and the factors that affect the reading comprehension of Turkish students who want to improve their proficiency while r...

  20. Comportamiento de las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales en niños de 9 a 14 años / Behavior of dentomaxillofacial anomalies in children from 9 to 14 years old

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yairis, Duque Alberro; Arlene L, Corrales León; Yolaini, Pulido Valladares; Anay, Rezk Díaz.

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Las anomalías dentomaxilofaciales comprenden las alteraciones de crecimiento, desarrollo y fisiologísmo de los componentes anatómicos que conforman el sistema estomatognático. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal en 150 niños de 9 a 14 años de edad, de las escuelas atendidas en la Clínica [...] Estomatológica "Antonio Briones Montoto" de Pinar del Río, en el período comprendido entre enero de 2008 y julio de 2009, con el objetivo de identificar la prevalencia de anomalías dentomaxilofaciales según las variables seleccionadas y el comportamiento según los antecedentes patológicos individuales. La muestra se seleccionó a través de un muestreo aleatorio estratificado proporcional al tamaño de los estratos. Los niños fueron examinados en sus aulas, con luz natural, usando depresores linguales. La información recogida fue recopilada en una base de datos mediante Microsoft Excel, y se procesó por el programa estadístico Statistical Package for the Social Science Versión 10.0 para Windows. Se realizó la comparación de proporciones de grupos independientes con el objetivo de determinar las variables de prevalencia más significativas y la prueba Ji cuadrado en su variante de independencia para verificar la relación entre las categorías seleccionadas. Las anomalías dentarias fueron las alteraciones más prevalentes. El sexo más afectado fue el masculino, así como el grupo de edades de 9-11 años. Entre los factores etiológicos estudiados los hábitos fueron los más frecuentes seguido de los agentes físicos. Se concluye que existe una alta prevalencia de anomalías dentarias en estrecha relación con los hábitos deformantes. Abstract in english Dentomaxillofacial anomalies include growing alterations, development and the physiology of the anatomical components that constitute the stomatognathic system. A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with 150 children from 9 to 14 years old of the schools attending at "Antonio Briones Mo [...] ntoto" Dentist Clinic in Pinar del Rio, during January 2008-July 2009. The study was aimed at identifying the prevalence of dentomaxillofacial anomalies regarding chosen variables and the behavior according to individual past pathologies. The sample was taken using a stratified, at random, and proportional to the stratus size sampling. Children were examined in their classrooms, with natural light and using lingual depressor. The information was collected in a database by means of Microsoft Excel, processing it by the statistical program of Statistical Package for the Social Science, Version 10.0 to Windows. A comparison of proportions of independent groups was performed with the purpose of determining the most significant variables of prevalence and chi-square test in its variance of independence to verify the relation among the chosen categories. Dental anomalies were the most prevalent anomalies. Male sex and the age bracket of 9-11 prevailed. Among the etiological factors studied, the habits were the most frequent followed by physical agents; observing a high prevalence of dental anomalies in close relation to deforming habits.

  1. What are the Main Sources of Turkish EFL Students’ Anxiety in Oral Practice?

    OpenAIRE

    Gonca Suba??

    2010-01-01

    This study was designed in order to investigate two potential sources of the anxiety of Turkish learners of English in oral practice:1) an individual student’s fear of negative evaluation, and 2) his/her self-perceived speaking ability. A total of 55 first year students enrolling in Anadolu University, Education Faculty, ELT Department participated in the study. A 55-item multiple-choice survey was administered to the participants in a regular classroom hour. The survey consisted of five pa...

  2. Heart Transplantation in a 14-Year-Old Boy in the Presence of Severe Out-of-Proportion Pulmonary Hypertension due to Restrictive Left Heart Disease: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Schwienbacher; Ulrich Schweigmann; Nikolaus Neu; Elisabeth Schermer; Corinna Velik-Salchner; Ina Michel-Behnke; Erentraud Irnberger; Christina Maria Steger; Amp Xf Rg Ingolf Stein, J.; Ralf Geiger

    2013-01-01

    A 14-year-old boy after balloon valvuloplasty of severe aortic valve stenosis in the neonatal period was referred for heart-lung transplantation because of high grade pulmonary hypertension and left heart dysfunction due to endocardial fibroelastosis with severe mitral insufficiency. After heart catheterization, hemodynamic parameters were invasively monitored: a course of levosimendan and initiation of diuretics led to a decrease of pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (from maximum 35 to 24?...

  3. A Comparative Study on American and Turkish Students? Self Esteem in Terms of Sport Participation: A Study on Psychological Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yigiter, Korkmaz

    2014-01-01

    The present research was conducted in order to compare self-esteem of American students with Turkish students in terms of the sport participation at the universities. For this purpose, a total of 460 students (M age = 19,61 ± 1,64) voluntarily participated in the study from two universities. As data collection tool, Rosenberg (1965) Self-esteem…

  4. Dimensions of Learning Process over Global Environmental Problems: An Evaluation of Roger Conceptual Learning Method Regarding Turkish Undergraduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oluk, Sami; Sakaci, Tansel

    2009-01-01

    The main objectives of the study have been testing Roger conceptual learning method with regard to Turkish students and to investigate the applicability of the method on graduate students. The experimental group was formed by 10 volunteer students. The study lasted 16 weeks according to group discussion method. In this period, global environmental…

  5. AN EVALUATION ON THE ATTITUDES OF THE STUDENTS IN SECONDARYEDUCATION TO TURKISH LITERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cem ERDEM

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The effective determination of education environment plays an important role in reaching the identified aims of educational activities. It can be said that the attitudes compose an important data area in turning the educational environments into these aims because attitudes which are psychological processes are directly related to success. The aim of this study is to determine the attitudes of the students in secondary education to Turkish Literature lessons. The working area designed in the survey model is composed of 400 students chosen from the secondary education in the central regions in Ankara. In this study, in determining reliability of the measurement results, Cronbach-Alfa methos is used and the value of Cronbach-Alfa is calculated as 71. It has been found out descriptive differences in the attitudes of the students in secondary education to Turkish Literature according to such factors as their type of school, class level and gender. It has been found out that the attitudes of the students in Anatolian Vocational High School and Anatolian Teacher Training High School are much more higher than the students in Anatolian and Science High School. Moreover, it has also been determined that the students consider the texts used in Turkish Literature classes as unexciting and tedious. As a result of these findings, it is suggested that the texts in the course books be prepared according to psychological conditions of the students and the necessary precautions be taken by the institutions which train teachers and related Ministries in order to increase the teachers’ competencies.

  6. Turkish Elementary and Secondary Students' Views about Science and Scientist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akcay, Behiye

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine elementary and secondary students' views concerning science and scientists. Data gathered from Draw-a-Scientist Test (DAST) and essays written by students were used to analyze their views. The study involved 359 students in grades 5 through 11. The results indicate that student's perceived scientists as to be…

  7. Determination of the Turkish primary students' views about the particulate nature of matter

    OpenAIRE

    O?zmen, Haluk; Kenan, Osman

    2007-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine 4th, 5th, and 6th grade Turkish primary students’ conceptions about the particulate nature of matter via a test. The test consists of 36 items related to the changes of microscopic properties of solid, liquid and gas matters during phase changing, cooling, heating and pressing of them. The sample of the study consists of 411 students, 139 of them are from grade 4, 121 of them are from grade 5 and 151 of them are from grade 6. The answers given to test h...

  8. Facebook addiction among Turkish college students: the role of psychological health, demographic, and usage characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koc, Mustafa; Gulyagci, Seval

    2013-04-01

    This study explored Facebook addiction among Turkish college students and its behavioral, demographic, and psychological health predictors. The Facebook Addiction Scale (FAS) was developed and its construct validity was assessed through factor analyses. A total of 447 students reported their personal information and Facebook usage and completed the FAS and General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). The results revealed that weekly time commitment, social motives, severe depression, and anxiety and insomnia positively predicted Facebook addiction. Neither demographic variables nor the interactions of gender by usage characteristics were found to be significant predictors. PMID:23286695

  9. Eating habits and lifestyle in a group Turkish primary education children

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    Nazan Erenoglu

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of child obesity is increasing rapidly worldwide as well as Turkey due to skipped main meals and increased snacking. The objectives were to study the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in a group of Turkish children, and to analyze the relationship between eating habits and lifestyle and obesity. Methods: The study was carried out in 6 schools in urban regions in the city of Eskisehir, Western Turkey between February and May2008. Atotal of 1421 students aged 7 - 14 years (708 boys and 713 girls were examined. Eating habits and life-style were obtained by evaluation of a standard set of 15 questions prepared using the literature. Results: Most obese students reported having a snack in the afternoon, not spending at least five hours of leisure time per week in physical activities, being high income level, that their mother’ education level was university, eating less fruits, eating less vegetables, having more dessert after any meal, eating more potato chips, watching television more, living a physically active life less, less breast feeding, that their father consumed alcohol, that their father was overweight/ obese, their mother wase overweight/obese (statistically important relationships for each one. Conclusions: A small portion of 7 - 14-year-old Turkish children are at increased health risk owing to overweight and obesity in an urban po- pulation in a developing country.

  10. Learning Social Studies via Objects in Museums: Investigation into Turkish Elementary School Students' Lived Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz, Kaya; Filiz, Nilufer; Yilmaz, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Based on a descriptive phenomenological research design, this study investigated Turkish elementary school students' experiences in learning social studies via objects in museums. After students visited four different museums during the teaching of three thematic units at sixth grade level, their lived experiences were elicited. Purposeful…

  11. The Relation General Anxiety Levels, Anxiety of Writing, and Attitude for Turkish Course of Secondary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaman, Havva

    2014-01-01

    This study analyzed whether secondary-school students' continuous and stationary anxieties predict their anxiety about writing and their attitudes about courses in Turkish. The research participants consisted of 281 students in Sakarya Province, 58% male and 42% female. The personal descriptive survey model was used for the research. As data…

  12. The Views of Student-Teachers Attending a Turkish University on Discrimination Related to the Education of Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murat, Mehmet

    2013-01-01

    The current study aims to highlight how Turkish students perceive important issues such as discrimination against women, violence that surfaced as a result of discrimination, alienation, inequality between men and women and isolation of women from work life. A total of 50 students participated in the study. Individual interviews were conducted.…

  13. The Effect of Turkish Students' Motivational Beliefs on Their Metacognitive Self-Regulation in Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurcay, Deniz; Balta, Ebru

    2013-01-01

    It is emphasized in several studies that both domain specific factors and cultural values and beliefs could have an effect on students' metacognitive self-regulation and motivational beliefs. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of motivational beliefs on Turkish students' metacognitive self-regulation in physics courses.…

  14. Student Satisfaction in Higher Education: A Turkish Case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldemir, Ceyhan; Gulcan, Yaprak

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to determine the level and the factors for university students' satisfaction with the institutions they are attending. Firstly, the concept of satisfaction will be defined. Secondly, a conceptual framework to demonstrate the relationship between the factors which lie behind university student satisfaction will be…

  15. Gender, Gender Roles Affecting Mate Preferences in Turkish College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gazioglu, A. Esra Ismen

    2008-01-01

    The subject of this study is gender and gender roles affecting mate preferences. The sample of the study consists of 300 undergraduates and master students. To identify students' gender roles the Sex Role Evaluation Inventory (Bem, 1974) is used. The Question List (Bacanli 2001; Buss et. al., 1990) is applied to the sample group to determine the…

  16. Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale in University Students

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    Erguvan Tu?ba ÖZEL KIZIL

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Perceptual aberration is an important dimension of schizotypy which has been considered as a clinical determinant of psychosis proneness. The present study aimed to explore the validity and the reliability of the Turkish version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale. Methods: Internal consistency of the Perceptual Aberration Scale was studied in 222 university students and for test-retest reliability, the scale was readministered to 105 students. Convergent validity of the scale was measured by the Magical Ideation Scale in 128 students.Results: The internal consistency of the scale was Cronbach’s alpha=0.90 and the test-retest reliability was r=0.59. The convergent validity of the scale was established by a significant correlation between the scores of the Magical Ideation Scale and the Perceptual Aberration Scale.Discussion: The Turkish version of the Perceptual Aberration Scale is a reliable instrument, which can be used to quantify the important dimension of schizotypy in university students. The scale should be validated in community-based samples and also the predictive validity of the scale should be investigated. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2009; 46 Supplement: 49-53

  17. Hepatitis B Knowledge Levels of Turkish Nursing and Midwifery Students

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    Ali Ozer

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim: The aim of this study was to determine knowledge levels of students in School of Health, Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, and examine the influence of various factors on hepatitis B knowledge levels. Method: The study was conducted in the School of Health of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University between April and June 2009. All of the 296 students in the school were planned to be included in the study. Survey forms; prepared in the light of the data reported in the literature by investigators, and composed of 37 questions, were delivered to the students and they were asked to fill them out. 18.2% of the students couldn’t be reached. Thus, only 242 students (81.8% were included in the study. Results: While 87.2% of the students expressed sexual intercourse as a transmission route of HBV, 67.4% mentioned perinatal route, 96.7% expressed blood and blood products, 79.8% mentioned use of common goods such as towel and toothbrush. 78.1% of the students did not consider breast milk as a transmission route for HPV, whereas fecal-oral route, handshake-hugging, and kissing were not known to be a way of transmission for HPV in 65.7%, 86.8%, and 56.2% of the study population, respectively. Mean level of hepatitis B knowledge among students was 69.8±19.4. Knowledge score of nursing students was 1.1 points higher than that of midwifery students and the difference between them was not significant. As the college year elevated, hepatitis B knowledge scores increased as well. Conclusion: Hepatitis B knowledge score of undergraduate students in Nursing and Midwifery Departments of Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, was 69.8±19.4. Since hepatitis B knowledge score raises parallel to the elevation of college year, hepatitis B education should be provided in the first year. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2011; 10(2.000: 139-144

  18. Evaluating dysmenorrhea in a sample of Turkish nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seven, Memnun; Güvenç, Gülten; Akyüz, Aygül; Eski, Fatma

    2014-09-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and symptoms of dysmenorrhea, its relevant factors, and the rate of seeking medical help in a group of nursing students. A total of 380 students were included in the study. The demographic data questionnaire, a Daily Menstrual Symptom Rating Scale (DMSR), and the Visual Analog Scale for pain (VASP) were used as tools for data collection. The mean age of the participants was 20.31 ± 1.10 years. Most students had experienced dysmenorrhea (84.9%). Menstrual pain was frequently initiated on the first day of menstruation (77.8%). The most commonly reported menstrual problems were irregular menstrual cycles (27.2%) and oligomenorrhea (15.1%). Only 24.1% of students consulted their physicians for dysmenorrhea. The participants who had dysmenorrhea had significantly higher symptom scores than the participants who had not had dysmenorrhea, in terms of decreased activities, tension, hip and abdominal pain, backache, headache, and fatigue. Also, having a sister with dysmenorrhea increased the risk of dysmenorrhea. Although dysmenorrhea is a gynecological problem that is commonly seen in young women and that negatively affects daily activities and school life, the rate of seeking medical help is low. Adolescents should, therefore, be educated and counseled to determine the underlying cause and to increase the use of an effective treatment method. Considering that nurses should be better informed about dysmenorrhea causes and treatment options, a study of nursing students was undertaken. PMID:24631318

  19. Prevalence of depression among Turkish University Students and related factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Akpinar

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This investigation was performed to determine the prevalence rate of depression and its correlates in students at Erciyes University. Method: A total of 1003 university students at the Medical, Theology and Engineering Faculties of Erciyes University in Kayseri, Turkey were included in the study. A socio–demographic questionnaire and a Beck Depression Inventory were completed by the students. An unpaired t test, a one way ANOVA test and a logistic regression analysis were used for the statistical analyses. Results: Total numbers of male and female students in the study group were similar and the mean age was 20.3±1.8. The mean Back Depression Inventory Beck Depression Inventory score was 11.3±8.6 points and prevalence rate of depression (Beck Depression Inventory ?17 was 21.2%. The Mean Beck Depression Inventory score and depression prevalence were found higher among the students who had a physical illness, who were not satisfied with their body image or their faculty and who rated the economic level of their families as poor. Conclusion: It was concluded that approximately one–fifth of the students had depression. For the students, studying in a faculty which they are not satisfied is a major factor affecting depression. A better leadership should be provided for the students during the faculty selection procedure. Key Words: University student, depression, Beck Depression Inventory Üniversite ö?rencilerinde depresyon prevalans? ve ili?kili faktörler Amaç: Bu çal??ma, Erciyes Üniversitesi ö?rencilerinde depresyon prevalans?n? ve bununla ili?kili faktörleri belirlemek amac?yla yap?lm??t?r. Yöntem: Erciyes Üniversitesinin T?p, ?lahiyat ve Mühendislik fakültelerinde okuyan toplam 1003 ö?renci ara?t?rma kapsam?na al?nd?. Ö?rencilere sosyo-demografik anket ve Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i uyguland?. Verilerin istatistiksel analizinde unpaired t testi, tek yönlü ANOVA testi ve logistik regresyon analizi uyguland?. Bulgular: Ara?t?rma grubundaki erkek ve k?z ö?renci say?lar? birbirine yak?nd? ve ya? ortalamas? 20.3±1.8 olarak belirlendi. Ortalama BDÖ puan? 11.3±8.6 ve depresyon prevalans? (Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i puan? ?17 % 21.2 bulundu. Fiziksel hastal??? olanlarda, beden görünümünden memnun olmayanlarda, okudu?u fakülteden memnun olmayanlarda ve ailesinin ekonomik durumunu kötü olarak belirtenlerde ortalama Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i puan? ve depresyon prevalans? daha yüksek bulundu. Sonuç: Ö?rencilerin yakla??k be?te birinde depresyon vard?r. Ö?rencilerin, ho?lanmad??? bir fakültede okumalar? depresyon s?kl???n? etkileyen en önemli faktörlerden biridir. Fakülte seçimi s?ras?nda ö?rencilere daha iyi rehberlik hizmeti sa?lanmal?d?r. Anahtar Kelimeler: Üniversite ö?rencisi, depresyon, Beck Depresyon Ölçe?i

  20. Social Anxiety with Peers in 9- to 14-year-olds. Developmental Process and Relations with Self-Consciousness and Perceived Peer Acceptance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallet, Pascal; Rodriguez-Tome, Gladis

    1999-01-01

    Hypothesizes that self-consciousness and perceived peer acceptance correlates with social anxiety. Focuses on 508 French fourth- to ninth-grade students who completed questionnaires that assessed their perceptions of social anxiety with peers, self-consciousness, and perceived peer acceptance. Discusses the results. (CMK)

  1. Demographic profile and future expectations of students enrolled in a Turkish private dental school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanalp, Jale; Ilguy, Dilhan; Dikbas, Idil; Oktay, Inci

    2012-06-01

    The purposes of this study were to obtain information about the social and demographic profile of students enrolled in the first private Turkish dental school, to gather information regarding the reasons for their preferences, and to obtain data about their career expectations. Questionnaires were distributed to 278 students; 229 returned the survey for an overall response rate of 82 percent. Of the respondents, 145 (65.5 percent) were females and seventy-five (34.5 percent) were males; they had an average age of 21.62±1.58. First degree relative (mother, father, sibling) had the greatest influence on the students in choosing dentistry as a career. Fathers and mothers had similar impact on the students' choice of dental profession (45.9 percent and 46.6 percent, respectively). Humanistic feelings, desire to serve others, and reasonable working hours were the predominant reasons that motivated females to become a dentist (pinfluencing factors for female students (p<0.05 and p=0.001, respectively). One-hundred and ninety-seven students (86 percent) expressed a goal of specializing in a specific branch of dentistry; orthodontics and oral and maxillofacial surgery were the top-ranked specialties. Although only 41 percent of the students were of Istanbul origin, 82.5 percent reported that they wish to practice in Istanbul. PMID:22659710

  2. Social representation of events in world history: crosscultural consensus or Western discourse? How Turkish students view events in world history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özer, Serap; Ergün, Gökçe

    2013-01-01

    The perceptions of historical events are considered to be an important cultural, political, and social psychological variable. Earlier studies have shown a crosscultural consensus on historical events that are considered to be important. It has been indicated that a strong Western-Christian European template dominates the view of which events are considered to be important events in history, by many samples across the world. It was the aim of this study to test this finding with a Turkish sample, which would represent some unique characteristics in that it is Muslim, comes from an Empire background, and has undergone a recent nation-building process. College students (n?=?372) responded to a questionnaire that was utilized in seven other countries. It was shown that Turkish students were not Eurocentric as expected by the literature: They were highly sociocentric; they gave importance to events related to Turkish history. They were similar to their European counterparts in that war and violence were given primary importance when selecting events as important in history. However, they did not behave as predicted by earlier literature: They did not see Western European events as having a primary importance in history but gave at least equal importance to events that originated from Ottoman Empire roots. The results were discussed in terms of the unique cultural and historical variables that contribute to the identity and social psychological attributions of Turkish students. Further research should focus on not only which events are considered as important historical events but also the reasons behind these. PMID:22827603

  3. Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in Turkish university students and assessment of associated factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Topal Kenan

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many students who begin university at risky periods for OCD development cannot meet the new challenges successfully. They often seek help and apply to the university health center for psychiatric distress. We aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD at students of the Cukurova University in this cross sectional study. Methods This study was performed in the Cukurova University Faculty of Education with a population of 5500 students; the representative sample size for detecting the OCD prevalence was calculated to be 800. After collecting sociodemographic data, we questioned the students for associated factors of OCD. The General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12 and Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI, Section K were used for psychiatric evaluation. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate the linkage between OCD and associated factors. Results A total of 804 university students were included in this study. The GHQ-12-positive students (241 students, 29.9% were interviewed using Section K of the CIDI (222 students, 27.6%. OCD was diagnosed in 33 (4.2% students. The Logistic regression analysis of the data showed significant associations between OCD and male gender (p:0.036, living on government dormitory (p: 0.003, living on students' house/parental house (p:0.006, having private room in the parental house (p:0.055 and verbal abuse in the family (p:0.006. Conclusion This study demonstrates a higher prevalence of OCD among a group of university students compared to other prevalence studies of OCD in Turkish society. Furthermore, our findings also suggest relationships between OCD and sociodemographic factors, as well as other environmental stress factors.

  4. Musculoskeletal disorders in left- and right-handed Turkish dental students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tezel, Adnan; Kavrut, Fahri; Tezel, Ayfer; Kara, Cankat; Demir, Turgut; Kavrut, Rabia

    2005-02-01

    The purpose of this study was two-fold: first, to find out the musculoskeletal disorders between left- and right-handed dentists and second, to describe the prevalence and distribution of symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders among Turkish students who are practicing general dentistry. The investigation was carried out on 221 dental students; group I consisted of 24 left-handed students (18 male, 6 female), aged 24.2+/-2.24 years; group II comprised 24 right-handed students (14 male, 10 female), aged 25.1+/-3.14 years; and group III included 173 right-handed students (102 male, 71 female), aged 24.3+/-1.45 years. The study consists of a questionnaire to identify work tasks and working conditions, and a field study to assess the pain of the neck, shoulders, and other disorders during the dental practice. Data were analyzed through tests for the difference between two population proportion, percentage, and Chi-square. Left- and right-handed students had headaches (34%, 22%), pins and needles (35%, 22%), weakness (42%, 40%), numbness (23%, 19%), neck pain (67%, 43%), back pain (56%, 47%), upper limp pain (46%, 43%) and shoulder pain (78%, 58%), respectively (Table 3). Female students were not significantly different from males in musculoskeletal symptoms (p>.05). The position adopted by the student was significantly related to the intensity of pain. Left-handed students especially suffered from neck and shoulder pain when compared with right-handed students (pwork practices appears to be effective in decreasing the prevalence of symptoms. The best ergonomic working principles should be taught to the students, dental schools should provide a comfortable working environment, and further study is required to identify factors that will reduce the prevalence of symptoms among those practicing general dentistry. PMID:15764005

  5. Prevalence of nonvitamin, nonmineral supplement usage among students in a Turkish university

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Son Osman

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There have been multiple studies carried out in many countries with regard to the use of nonvitamin, nonmineral (NVNM supplements. These studies have shown that the use of NVNM supplements is on the increase throughout the world, particularly in western countries. The aim of this study was to assess the extent of NVNM supplement use among Turkish university students. Methods The survey was conducted between September and December 2004 at Osmangazi University, a public university located in the west of Turkey. Responses were analysed, using the chi-square (x2 test, t test and percent (% ratios, according to gender and consumers. Differences were considered significant for p ? 0.05. Results Of 2253 students attending the university, 1871 participated in the survey (909 men and 962 women. Overall, the prevalence of NVNM supplement use was 16.5% (16.6% in men and 16.3% in women, p The three most commonly given reasons for use were 'improvement of energy and vitality (78.6%', 'promotion of weight loss (71.1%', followed by 'enhancement of athletic performance (64.3%'. Twenty-six of the 308 reported NVNM users (26/308, 8.4% reported having experienced an adverse reaction. Television (76.3%, magazines/newspapers (41.5% and internet websites (37.3% were the most frequently used sources for obtaining information about NVNM supplements. The three most frequently used NVNM supplements were echinacea, ginseng, and gingko biloba (38.6%, 36.4%, and 32.8%, respectively. Nutritional scores were higher in NVNM supplement users than in non-users (66.510.8 vs. 62.712.7 (p Conclusion The results indicate that the prevalence of NVNM supplement use is relatively modest among Turkish university students and more information is needed on why people use particular NVNM supplements.

  6. Investigating Turkish Primary School Students' Interest in Science by Using Their Self-Generated Questions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cakmakci, Gultekin; Sevindik, Hatice; Pektas, Meryem; Uysal, Asli; Kole, Fatma; Kavak, Gamze

    2012-06-01

    This paper reports on an attempt to investigate Turkish primary school students' interest in science by using their self-generated questions. We investigated students' interest in science by analyzing 1704 self-generated science-related questions. Among them, 826 questions were submitted to a popular science magazine called Science and Children. Such a self-selected sample may represent a group of students who have a higher level of motivation to seek sources of information outside their formal education and have more access to resources than the students of low social classes. To overcome this problem, 739 students were asked to write a question that they wanted to learn from a scientist and as a result 878 questions were gathered. Those students were selected from 13 different schools at 9 cities in Turkey. These schools were selected to represent a mixture of socioeconomic areas and also to cover different students' profile. Students' questions were classified into two main categories: the field of interest and the cognitive level of the question. The results point to the popularity of biology, astrophysics, nature of scientific inquiry, technology and physics over other science areas, as well as indicating a difference in interest according to gender, grade level and the setting in which the questions were asked. However, our study suggests that only considering questions submitted to informal learning environments, such as popular science magazines or Ask-A-Scientist Internet sites has limitations and deficiencies. Other methodologies of data collection also need to be considered in designing teaching and school science curriculum to meet students' needs and interest. The findings from our study tend to challenge existing thinking from other studies. Our results show that self-generated questions asked in an informal and a formal setting have different patterns. Some aspects of students' self-generated questions and their implications for policy, science curriculum reform and teaching are discussed in this paper.

  7. Adaptation and validation of Child Oral Impact on Daily Performance index in 11-14-year-old Chilean school children

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    Constanza Vera

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The health condition of a population is often rated through clinical indicators. However, the psychological and social impact of diseases on quality of life has been noticed of late. Objective: to adapt, in cultural terms, the Child- Oral Impact on Daily Performance (C-OIDP questionnaire in its self- administered form and evaluate its psychometric properties among Chilean teenagers aged 11-14 from the city of Licantén, Chile, in 2013. Methodology: A cross-sectional study on scales validation. Face validity was determined by experts opinion, criterion validity by correlation with measures of self-rated health and dental treatment needs, internal consistency using the Cronbach's alpha, and temporal stability using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC for test- retest within a 10-day window. The sample consisted of 203 students aged 11 to 14 years from the urban sector of Licantén city. Results: Five experts determined proper face validity of the C-OIDP scale. Regarding criterion validity, statistically significance association (p RESUMEN Tradicionalmente el estado de salud oral de una población es evaluado mediante indicadores clínicos. Sin embargo, se ha venido reconociendo la importancia del impacto psicosocial de las enfermedades en la calidad de vida de la población. Objetivo: Adaptar culturalmente el cuestionario Child- Oral Index Daily Performance (C-OIDP en su versión auto-administrada y evaluar sus propiedades psicométricas en adolescentes chilenos de 11 a 14 años de la ciudad de Licantén, año 2013. Metodología: Estudio de validación de escalas. Se determinó validez de fachada mediante opinión de expertos; de criterio mediante correlación con medidas de autopercepción de salud y necesidad de tratamiento; consistencia interna mediante Alpha de Cronbach; y estabilidad temporal mediante el coeficiente de correlación intraclase (ICC para test-retest en un intervalo de 10 días. La muestra estuvo constituida por 203 escolares de 11 a 14 años del sector urbano de la ciudad de Licantén. Resultados: Cinco expertos determinaron una adecuada validez de fachada de la escala C-OIDP. Se hallaron correlaciones estadísticamente significativas (p

  8. DESEMPEÑO COGNITIVO EN PRUEBAS DE LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE 6 A 14 AÑOS ESCOLARIZADOS DE LA CIUDAD DE MEDELLÍN / COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE ON TESTS OF LANGUAGE IN 6-14-YEAR-OLD SCHOOLED CHILDREN IN THE CITY OF MEDELLIN

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    María Cristina, Giraldo García; Paola Yulieth, Velásquez Correa; Maryoris Elena, Zapata Zabala; Elizabeth, Hoyos Zuluaga.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente artículo presenta los resultado de investigación el cual busca describir el desempeño cognitivo de los escolares de 6 a 14 años en pruebas de lenguaje, este estudio se desarrolló con 92 participantes con diferentes estratos socioeconómicos se aplicaron pruebas de Lenguaje: Test de asocia [...] ción controlada de palabras, Test de vocabulario de Boston, Token test, encontramos que las habilidades y desempeño en pruebas de lenguaje no difieren entre sexo y lateralidad, existen diferencias evidenciables en grupos de edades, con influencia del nivel educacional. Abstract in english This paper presents results of research which aimed to describe the cognitive performance on tests of language in 6-14-year-old. In this study, the researchers chose a sample population of 92 participants coming from different socioeconomic strata. That is why tests of language, tests of controlled [...] association, Boston Naming Test, and Token Test were applied.

  9. DESEMPEÑO COGNITIVO EN PRUEBAS DE LENGUAJE EN NIÑOS DE 6 A 14 AÑOS ESCOLARIZADOS DE LA CIUDAD DE MEDELLÍN. COGNITIVE PERFORMANCE ON TESTS OF LANGUAGE IN 6-14-YEAR-OLD SCHOOLED CHILDREN IN THE CITY OF MEDELLIN.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Cristina Giraldo García.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo presenta los resultado de investigación el cual busca describir el desempeño cognitivo de los escolares de 6 a 14 años en pruebas de lenguaje, este estudio se desarrolló con 92 participantes con diferentes estratos socioeconómicos se aplicaron pruebas de Lenguaje: Test de asociación controlada de palabras, Test de vocabulario de Boston, Token test, encontramos que las habilidades y desempeño en pruebas de lenguaje no difieren entre sexo y lateralidad, existen diferencias evidenciables en grupos de edades, con influencia del nivel educacional. Abstract This paper presents results of research which aimed to describe the cognitive performance on tests of language in 6-14-year-old. In this study, the researchers chose a sample population of 92 participants coming from different socioeconomic strata. That is why tests of language, tests of controlled association, Boston Naming Test, and Token Test were applied.

  10. Estado de nutrición en hierro en una población de 4 a 14 años, urbano marginal, de Lima / Iron nutrition status in 4 to 14 year-old children living in a marginal urban section in Lima

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alicia, Fernández; Luzmila, Troncoso; Violeta, Nolberto.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Determinar el estado de nutrición en hierro en una población de 4 a 14 años. Diseño: Estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal y prospectivo. Lugar: Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Participantes: Niños, entre 4 y 14 años. Intervenciones: Se estudió 349 [...] niños, 170 de sexo masculino y 179 de sexo femenino, entre 4 y 14 años de edad, del Centro de Salud San Genaro de Villa, Chorrillos, entre setiembre 2001 y agosto 2002. Principales medidas de resultados: Estado de nutrición en hierro. Resultados: El 68,8% (240) no presentó alteración en el estado de nutrición en hierro (ENH), frente a 31,2% (109) que sí lo presentó. De los 109 niños con alteración en el ENH, 68,8% (75) clasificó en el estadio I de depleción latente (ferritina 400 ug/dL), y 8,3% (9), en el estadio III de anemia ferropénica (hemoglobina Abstract in english Objective: To determine the iron nutrition status in 4 to 14 year-old children. Design: Descriptive, observational, transversal and prospective study. Setting: Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Participants: Four to fourteen year-old children. Interventions: We studied 3 [...] 49 children 4 to 14 year-old, 170 males and 179 females, at San Genaro Health Center, Chorrillos, from September 2001 through August 2002. Main outcome measures: Iron nutritional status. Results: From these children, 68,8% (240) did not present alteration in iron nutrition status (INS), compared with 31,2% who presented this alteration. From the 109 children with iron nutrition status alteration, 68,8% (75) were stage I or latent depletion (ferritine 400 ug/dL), and 8,3% (9) were in stage III with iron deficient anemia (hemoglobin

  11. What are the Main Sources of Turkish EFL Students’ Anxiety in Oral Practice?

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    Gonca Suba??

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed in order to investigate two potential sources of the anxiety of Turkish learners of English in oral practice:1 an individual student’s fear of negative evaluation, and 2 his/her self-perceived speaking ability. A total of 55 first year students enrolling in Anadolu University, Education Faculty, ELT Department participated in the study. A 55-item multiple-choice survey was administered to the participants in a regular classroom hour. The survey consisted of five parts: Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE, Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS, Self-Rating Can-Do Scale (SR-CDS, Self-Rating for the Current Level of Study (SR-CL, Self-Rating Perception by the English (SR-EPE. The Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analyses were run for the statistical interpretation of the data. To achieve valid and reliable results, 15 students were also randomly chosen to conduct an interview in order to find out their reasons for being anxious in using English. The students’ responses given to the survey were probed to have a better understanding of sources leading to high anxiety. The results of the study indicated a positive correlation between an individual’s fear of negative evaluation and his/her anxiety level. Moreover, the findings of the current study revealed that there were significant negative relationships between anxiety and three of self-ratings; SR-CDS, SR-CL and SR-EPE. In addition, it was showed that among the FNE and the three self-ratings of English speaking ability, the combination of the FNE, the SR-CL and SR-CDS was the most appropriate model of predictors of anxiety level of this sample. Finally, the analysis of interview data provided valuable information about the main sources of the students’ anxiety in oral practice such as: personal reasons, teachers’ manners, teaching procedures, and previous experience.

  12. Error Analysis: A Study of Variation in Two Turkish Students' Pronunciation of the English Interdentals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seferoglu, Golge C.

    This study analyzed the pronunciation of English interdental fricatives by two native speakers of Turkish, focusing on whether there was systematic variation of forms according to the kind of discourse and the surrounding phonemes. Subjects were two adult Turkish learners of English as a Second Language, both of whom had been in the United States…

  13. Clínica y epidemiología de las infecciones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años / Clinics and Epidemiology of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yamilka, Oliva González; Manuel, Piloto Morejón; Paulina, Iglesias Gómez.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: las infecciones respiratorias agudas altas o bajas constituyen un complejo sindrómico que agrupa entidades clínicas con gran diversidad epidemiológica y de agentes causales, lo cual hace difícil su prevención y control. Objetivo: realizar un estudio clínico-epidemiológico de las infecc [...] iones respiratorias agudas en pacientes de 0-14 años. Material y método: se realizó una investigación observacional, analítica, de casos-controles en cuatro consultorios de tipo I pertenecientes al policlínico Raúl Sánchez del municipio Pinar del Río en el período febrero/2010-octubre/2011. El universo estuvo conformado por los pacientes que acudieron a los consultorios, asignándose al grupo estudio (casos) aquellos con infección respiratoria aguda de 0-14 años de edad (n=272) y por cada paciente del grupo estudio se seleccionó uno de la misma edad sin la enfermedad atendido posteriormente (controles). Resultados: las infecciones respiratorias altas fueron las más frecuentes (88,2 %) y dentro de ellas el catarro común; la edad 5-14 años la más afectada (63,2 %), los síntomas más frecuentes: secreción nasal (56,3%), fiebre (48,8%) y tos (40%); los factores de riesgo individuales más importantes: no lactancia materna exclusiva (OR=4,6) y peso Abstract in english Introduction: acute upper and low respiratory tract infections constitute a complex of various illnesses that group clinical entities having a great diversity of epidemiological and underlying agents, which difficult the processes of prevention and control. Objective: to carry out a clinical-epidemi [...] ological study of acute respiratory infections in patients from 0 to 14 years old. Material and method: an observational, analytical of case-control research in four type-1 doctor’s offices belonging to “Raul Sanchez” outpatient clinic in Pinar del Rio municipality during February 2010-October 2011. The target group involved the patients attending to the doctor’s offices, assigning to the study-group (cases) those suffering from acute respiratory tract infections from 0-14 years old (n=272) and per each patient who comprised the study-group one of the same ages not including the disease was subsequently chosen (control group). Results: upper respiratory infections were the most frequent (88,2%) and among them common flu; the most affected ages were from 5-14 (63,2%), and the most repeated symptoms: nasal secretions (56,3%), fever (48,8%) and cough (40%); the most important risk factors: not exclusive breast feeding (OR=4,6) and

  14. Validity and reliability of a Turkish version of the body shape questionnaire among female high school students: preliminary examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akdemir, Asena; Inandi, Tacettin; Akbas, Duygu; Karaoglan Kahilogullari, Akfer; Eren, Mehmet; Canpolat, Banu Isik

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to assess the validity and reliability of a Turkish version of the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) among young people. The BSQ was initially administrated to female high school students (N?=?665) and administered a second time to a subset of subjects (N?=?144). The subjects also completed the Eating Attitudes Test, the Body Image Satisfaction Questionnaire (a dieting questionnaire) and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist (SCL-90), and were weighed, and their body mass indices were calculated. Test-retest reliability of the BSQ was 0.81. The BSQ score correlated highly with the Eating Attitudes Test, Body Image Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Hopkins Symptom Checklist. Higher BSQ scores were also associated with higher body mass index. The results suggest that the Turkish version of BSQ is a valid and reliable tool for assessing body image concerns in teenagers. PMID:21953701

  15. The Effect of Problem Solving Teaching with Texts of Turkish Lesson on Students’ Problem Solving Skills

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    Havva ILGIN

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In this research, by carrying out activities based on texts, effect of providing problem solving skill on students’ levels of problem solving attainment was tried to be identified. Research was performed according to pretest-posttest Experimental Model with Control Group, in 2008-2009 educational year at second grade of an elementary school in Denizli province. For nine weeks, four hours in a week, while teacher guide book was being followed in control group in Turkish language lesson, texts were carried out with problem solving activities in experimental group. In the research, “Problem Solving Test” which were used as data collection tools, were developed by benefiting from matching of attainment-problem solving steps-cognitive domain steps. Problem Solving Test is made up of 16 multiple choice and 9 open ended questions. In the analysis of data, t test was used. It was found that problem solving teaching succeeded at “identifying different possible solutions in the light of collected data, applying the decided way of solution, evaluating types of solutions, evaluating used problem solving method” stages of problem solving.

  16. Approaches of elementary school students towards the lesson of Ataturk’s principles and history of Turkish Revolution of the Turkish Republic

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    Bengül Salman Bolat

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available It can be said that French Revolution, broke out in 1789, affected Europe deeply in freedom, equality, particularly with the ideas of nationalism. New values were introduced with the nationalism. With the new symbols, national states sought to give the community a new identity. Within this new formation, political powers in the adoption by the community and in its efforts to provide legitimacy, transfer tools to future generations are extremely important. In this context, the teaching of history is of great importance. In this study, a field survey was conducted on the lesson called Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution which have aims such as being able to teach the stages of foundation of the Republic of Turkey and to transfer the information to future generations. In that study, it was also aimed to find out information about the methodology of the lesson which has great importance on the development of the consciousness of Nationalism and citizenship and about founder of Turkish republic Ataturk. In this study a survey model was used. The students, who were studying in K?r?ehir in the 2010-2011 academic years, set the population of the survey. To collect data in the survey, a questioner is used with the aim of discovering the opinions of the students about the course of “Atatürk’s Principles and History of Revolution. In the analysis, the t-test is used and the method of single factor variance analysis (ANOVA and percentage frequency is used.

  17. English and Turkish pupils’ understanding of decomposition

    OpenAIRE

    C?eti?n, Gu?lcan

    2007-01-01

    This study aimed to describe seventh grade English and Turkish students’ levels of understanding of decomposition. Data were analyzed descriptively from the students’ written responses to four diagnostic questions about decomposition. Results revealed that the English students had considerably higher sound understanding and lower no understanding than the Turkish students while the he Turkish students’ level of misunderstanding of decomposition was lower than those of the English studen...

  18. Evaluation of agreement levels between parents and children in reporting oral health-related quality of life in 11-14 year-old children of Isfahan city in 1389

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    Parvin Khadem

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available   Background and Aims: Oral health prepares us for daily activities without discomfort, and dissatisfaction. In this research, agreement level between parents and children aged 11-14 year-old in reporting child oral health-related quality of life was studied in Isfahan city.   Materials and Methods: In this descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study 128 pairs of parents and children aged 11-14 were selected with random sampling technique from schools in Isfahan and were asked to complete the relevant questionnaires. The questionnaires evaluated quality of life in four fields of oral signs, functional deficits and emotional and social health. In order to evaluate child-parent agreement, intra-correlation coefficient (ICC, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, Spearman’s correlation coefficient and intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC were used (?=0.05.   Results: The agreements between PPQ11-14 (parent perception questionnaire, CPQ11-14 (child perception questionnaire and the related fields were 0.81, -0.67. The highest agreement level (ICC=0.83 was related to emotional health (excellent, followed by functional deficits (ICC=0.80, social health (ICC=0.69 and oral signs (ICC=0.64. Pearson's test showed significant correlations between CPQ11-14 and PPQ11-14 (r=0.81 (P<0.01.   Conclusion: Although parents, especially mothers, may be used as proxies for their children in relation to quality of life and related fields, the views of both should be obtained in order to fully represent child oral health-related quality of life issues.

  19. Microinvasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix in a 14-year-old adolescent: case report and literature review / Carcinoma microinvasor do colo uterino em paciente de 14 anos: relato de caso e revisão da literatura

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carla Vitola, Gonçalves; Silvana Maria, Quintana; Alessandra Cristina, Marcolin; Geraldo, Duarte; Juvenal Soares Dias da, Costa; Fabine, Karam; Mônia Steigleder, Bianchi.

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: O câncer do colo uterino é raro na adolescência, apresentando taxas de incidência de 0/100.000 adolescentes com idade entre 10 a 19 anos e de 1,7/100.000 mulheres com idade entre 20 e 24 anos. Entretanto, vários estudos mostram a incidência crescente das lesões pré-neoplásicas em idade cad [...] a vez menores. RELATO DE CASO: Este artigo relata um caso de carcinoma microinvasor do colo uterino em paciente de 14 anos com menarca aos 10 anos e a primeira relação aos 12 anos. Com este relato objetivamos alertar a comunidade médica, principalmente ginecologistas e pediatras, para a prevenção do carcinoma cervical entre adolescentes com vida sexual ativa. Além da realização de projetos educativos que divulguem a finalidade do exame citopatológico, o uso de preservativos e o controle do número de parceiros sexuais. Abstract in english CONTEXT: Cancer of the uterine cervix is rare during adolescence. The reported rates are 0/100,000 adolescents aged 10 to 19 years and 1.7/100,000 women aged 20 to 24 years. However, several studies have shown increasing incidence of preneoplastic lesions at increasingly early ages. CASE REPORT: Thi [...] s paper reports a case of microinvasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix in a 14-year-old patient with menarche at 10 years of age and first coitus at 12 years of age. The objective of the present report was to alert gynecologists and pediatricians regarding the need for cervical carcinoma prevention among sexually active adolescents, based on educational programs that explain the purpose of colpocytological examinations and encourage their use, along with condom use and limitation of the number of sexual partners.

  20. Repercussões da gravidez em adolescentes de 10 a 14 anos em contexto de vulnerabilidade social / Impact of pregnancy on at-risk, 10-14 year-old adolescents

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rejane de, Farias; Carmen Ojeda Ocampo, Moré.

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Com o objetivo de identificar as repercussões ocorridas na vida de adolescentes que engravidaram entre 12 e 14 anos, em contexto de vulnerabilidade social, foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas e aplicados mapas de redes com 10 participantes, quando o filho estava entre um e três anos de id [...] ade. Os dados foram analisados qualitativamente, a partir da Teoria Fundamentada Empiricamente, de Anselm Strauss e Juliet Corbin. Os resultados evidenciaram que, após a experiência de gravidez e da maternidade, as adolescentes desenvolveram maior responsabilidade por sua vida reprodutiva e reformularam projetos, valorizando mais os estudos, apesar das dificuldades para retomá-los. O relacionamento com os parceiros caracterizou-se pela união estável, destacando-se a importância destes e das mães das adolescentes em seu processo de adaptação. Abstract in english Aiming to identify the effects occurring in the lives of adolescents who became pregnant between 12 and 14 years old in a context of social vulnerability, we conducted semi-structured interviews and used network maps with 10 participants when their children were between 1 and 3 years old. The data w [...] ere analyzed qualitatively, from the Empirically Grounded Theory of Anselm Strauss and Juliet Corbin. The results showed that after the experience of pregnancy and motherhood, adolescents developed greater responsibility for their reproductive lives and reviewed some future projects, giving more value to the studies, despite the difficulties to resume them. The relationship with partners was characterized by getting more stable, highlighting the importance of adolescents' partners and mothers in their adjustment process.

  1. An investigation of students’ life satisfaction and loneliness level in a sample of Turkish students

    OpenAIRE

    Songül Tümkaya; Birsel Aybek

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the correlation between the life satisfaction and loneliness levels of students of Faculty of Education with respected to age and gender variables. The participants are students at the Educational Faculty of Çukurova University in Adana/Turkey. The sample consists of 422 students, 223 female and 199 male. Their life satisfaction and loneliness levels were measured by the "UCLA Loneliness Scale" and "Life Satisfaction Scale", also "Personal Information Form" is used to...

  2. THE EFFECT OF A FIGURE WHERE SYMMETRY USED IN TEACHING OF MATHEMATICS IS APPLIED ON WRITING SKILLS OF TURKISH LANGUAGE AND PRIMARY MATHEMATICS TEACHING 1ST GRADE STUDENTS

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    Mine AKTA?

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available With this study, it is aimed to afford an artistic development for science of mathematics with using literary language and learn with associating visual themes and imaginariness in essays. In the study, different written expression works, which are composed about same symmetric figure, of first grade preservice teachers of Turkish Language and Mathematics Teaching are compared.This study will put forth the grasp of communication skill of preservice students who are implementers of new program of Turkish and Mathematics lesson used from 2005 and in which the importance of this skill is emphasized. Also this study will contribute education of preservice students henceforwards.

  3. Impacto de la salud bucal en la calidad de vida de escolares de 11 a 14 años, Licantén, 2013 / Oral health impact on the quality of life of 11 to 14 year-old schoolchildren, Licantén, 2013

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ximena, Moreno Ruiz; Constanza, Vera Abara; Ricardo, Cartes-Velásquez.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción La salud bucal forma parte de la salud general, siendo reconocida como un componente esencial para la calidad de vida. Se ha desarrollado hace algunos años el concepto de «calidad de vida relacionada con la salud bucal», para esto se han creado diferentes índices enfocados en adultos y [...] niños. Para estos últimos se desarrolló el Child- Oral index in Daily Performances (Child-OIDP), el cual consta de 8 dimensiones que evalúan el impacto de la salud bucal en la realización de sus actividades diarias. Objetivo Evaluar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud bucal a través del índice Child-OIDP en escolares de 11 a 14 años de la comuna de Licantén en el 2013. Metodología Se utilizó la encuesta Child-OIDP en la totalidad de 203 escolares de 11 a 14 años del sector urbano de la comuna. Se realizó un análisis exploratorio de los datos determinando medidas de distribución por frecuencia y porcentaje, y promedios con su desviación estándar. Las diferencias en los valores del Child-OIDP se determinaron con test no paramétricos: chi cuadrado, Kruskal-Wallis y Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon, todas con un nivel de significación de p Abstract in english Introduction Oral health is part of the general health status, being recognized as an essential component of quality of life. Some years ago the concept of "Oral health-related quality of life" was introduced and several indices have been created focusing on its assessment in adults and children. Fo [...] r the latter the Child- Oral index in Daily Performances (Child-OIDP) was developed, which consists of 8 dimensions that assess the impact of oral health in performing daily activities. Objective To evaluate the oral health-related quality of life using the Child-OIDP index in schoolchildren from 11-14 years old in Licantén, 2013. Methodology The Child-OIDP questionnaire was used on a sample of 203 schoolchildren aged 11 to 14 years from the urban sector of the community. An exploratory analysis of the data for determining frequency and percentage distribution, and means with standard deviation was performed. Differences in Child-OIDP values were determined using non-parametric tests: chi-square, Kruskal Wallis, and Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon, all with a significance level of p

  4. Students and Teachers' Perceptions on Technology-Enhanced Turkish Language Learning Environment in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Hasan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine learners' and instructors' perceptions about technology-enhanced learning environment. This study uses both quantitative and qualitative methods. A Likert-scale survey was developed and administered to 48 Turkish language learners in various language courses in Istanbul to investigate their…

  5. Exploring the Types and Reasons of Internet-Triggered Academic Dishonesty among Turkish Undergraduate Students: Development of Internet-Triggered Academic Dishonesty Scale (ITADS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbulut, Yavuz; Sendag, Serkan; Birinci, Gurkay; Kilicer, Kerem; Sahin, Mehmet C.; Odabasi, Hatice F.

    2008-01-01

    Internet contributes to the development of science and facilitates scientific demeanors while it also serves as a ground for academic misdemeanors. Recent studies indicate that Internet facilitates and spreads academic dishonesty. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the extent of involvement of Turkish university students in…

  6. The severity of Internet addiction risk and its relationship with the severity of borderline personality features, childhood traumas, dissociative experiences, depression and anxiety symptoms among Turkish university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalbudak, Ercan; Evren, Cuneyt; Aldemir, Secil; Evren, Bilge

    2014-11-30

    The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of Internet addiction (IA) risk with the severity of borderline personality features, childhood traumas, dissociative experiences, depression and anxiety symptoms among Turkish university students. A total of 271 Turkish university students participated in this study. The students were assessed through the Internet Addiction Scale (IAS), the Borderline Personality Inventory (BPI), the Dissociative Experiences Scale (DES), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-28), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). The rates of students were 19.9% (n=54) in the high IA risk group, 38.7% (n=105) in the mild IA risk group and 41.3% (n=112) in the group without IA risk. Correlation analyses revealed that the severity of IA risk was related with BPI, DES, emotional abuse, CTQ-28, depression and anxiety scores. Univariate covariance analysis (ANCOVA) indicated that the severity of borderline personality features, emotional abuse, depression and anxiety symptoms were the predictors of IAS score, while gender had no effect on IAS score. Among childhood trauma types, emotional abuse seems to be the main predictor of IA risk severity. Borderline personality features predicted the severity of IA risk together with emotional abuse, depression and anxiety symptoms among Turkish university students. PMID:25023365

  7. Gender-related beliefs of Turkish female science teachers and their effect on interactions with female and male students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uysal, Sibel

    The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between Turkish female science teachers' gender-related beliefs and those teachers' corresponding interaction with their male and female students. The data was collected from five different sources: Surveys, interviews, observations, chi square data from the observation phase, and interviews with selected teachers. The data was analyzed using the Ericson interpretive method of socio-cultural theories which provided a framework for understanding the development of teacher beliefs and their interactions with their students. In this study, the survey revealed three types of teachers ranging from traditional, moderate to modern. Moderate teachers exhibited characteristics that were on a continuum between the traditional and modern teachers. Traditional teachers believed that males and females should have certain defined roles. Females should be responsible for taking care of the needs of their children and their husbands. By comparison, modern teachers did not assign specific roles to either males or females. With regard to the role of women in science, traditional teachers believed that female scientists could not be as successful as male scientists. By comparison, modern teachers believed that female scientists could be as successful as male scientists. Modern teachers did indicate that they thought females needed to work harder than males to prove themselves. When it came to the teachers' views and beliefs regarding their female and male students' success in their science classrooms, traditional teachers believed that their male students were brighter than their female students. They also believed that female students excelled only because they worked harder. Modern teachers believed that success is dependent on each student's background and his or her interest in science. Classroom observation indicated that traditional and modern teachers interacted differently with their male and female students. Traditional teachers provided more speaking time to male students and permitted male students to ask more questions than their female students. Modern teachers, on the other hand, paid equal attention to all their students. Both groups' belief systems were apparent and impacted their interactions with their students.

  8. The Europeanisation of German Ethnic Identities: The Case of German and Turkish Students in Two Stuttgart Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faas, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    Germany's national (or ethnic) identity has become thoroughly European and there are even signs of Eurocentrism. This is particularly problematic for the Turkish Muslims who, arguably, are not European. This article explores how fifteen-year-old German and Turkish youth in two Stuttgart secondary schools, one in a predominantly working-class area…

  9. Psychometric properties of Frustration Discomfort Scale in a Turkish sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozer, Bilge Uzun; Demir, Ayhan; Harrington, Neil

    2012-08-01

    The present study assessed the psychometric properties of the Frustration Discomfort Scale for Turkish college students. The Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS), Procrastination Assessment Scale-Student, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were administered to a sample of 171 (98 women, 73 men) Turkish college students. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis yielded fit index values demonstrating viability of the four-dimensional solution as in the original. Findings also revealed that, as predicted, the Discomfort Intolerance subscale of Turkish FDS was most strongly correlated with procrastination. Overall results provided evidence for the factor validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the scale for use in a Turkish population. PMID:23045854

  10. CreatIng Web-based Math learnIng tool for TURKISH mIddle school students: Webquest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aytac KURTULUS

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Internet is the most important product for the computer technology and it began to be used in many fields. Especially in the recent years, the usage of Internet has increased in the fields of communication, entertainment, advertisement, media, and technology. In Turkey, the usage of Internet is not used very common and active in primary and secondary education. The fast developments of the new technologies and the Web-Based Education Systems must be increased the importance of giving courses. In this study, the information to be aimed at is to introduce the WebQuest system, which was developed at San Diego State University by Bernie Dodge. A webQuest can be used web-based math learning tool for Turkish middle school students. Therefore, an example of geometry education WebQuest is given to introduce WebQuest system because WebQuest will be active in geometry teaching similar to the other subjects. An overview of WebQuest technology application and several resources for teachers and students interested in creating WebQuests can be found on The WebQutest Page (Dodge, 2001. Table 1 lists web sites that have many of these resources.

  11. Quantity versus Quality in Turkish Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arslan, Hasan

    This paper asserts that there have not been adequate studies about the comparative quality of Turkish universities to provide information and data for prospective students, advisors, university administrators, and policymakers. Turkey has more than 70 state and private universities. Most of these are relatively new, although Turkish higher…

  12. Mathematics Anxiety Among 4th And 5th Grade Turkish Elementary School Students

    OpenAIRE

    Fulya Yüksel-?ahin

    2008-01-01

    Using a sample of 4th and 5th graders, this study investigated whether students’ mathematics anxiety differed significantly according to a group of variables. A total of 249 students participated in the study. “The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for Elementary School Students” and “The Personal Information Form” were used for data collection. Independent samples t-tests, Oneway Anova and Schefee test were used to analyze the data. Results showed that students’ mathematics anxiety diffe...

  13. Effects of Multimedia Usage in Students' Attitude towards Turkish Republic Revolution History and Kemalism Lesson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulusoy, Kadir

    2011-01-01

    In this study, whether the multimedia in the history lesson affects the students' attitude towards this lesson or not has been studied. With this object, whether there is a difference among the point averages that students take from the preliminary test and whether there is a difference among the point averages that students take from the last…

  14. Student Perspectives on Study Skills in a Turkish State Secondary School Sample from Adana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmut O?uz Kutlu

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The primary aim of this study was to examine the preferences of 8th grade students who had high academic grades inseveral study skills categories. The study group consisted of 23 8th grade students who were attending a statesecondary school in the province of Adana, Turkey, during the 2012-2013 academic year. The research method wasqualitative. Content analysis and descriptive analysis were used to analyse the data. The data were collected throughsemi-structured interviews with interview forms. All of the interviews were audio-recorded, learners gave writtenconsent to participate and consented orally to the interview and audio recording. The audio recordings weretranscribed. As a consequence of this research, the learners clarified their views about the study skills categories.Most of the learners expressed the following preferences: 12 students stated that they prepared study plans andweekly schedules; 14 students emphasised that they divided their courses into smaller content units when theyreviewed the course material; 15 learners stated that their study environment must be quiet; 7 students stated thatthey listened to music when experiencing stress; 9 students believed that stress is necessary for learning anddetermined that it should be maintained at an appropriate level; 4 students said that they increased their motivationby reviewing the course material; and 3 students explained that studying effectively increases their motivation. Inconclusion, when the study skills categories discussed in the literature are used to analyse students’ study habits,students seem to apply the categories of study skills when studying their course material.

  15. Energy and nutrient intake and food patterns among Turkish university students

    OpenAIRE

    Neslis?ah, Rak?c?og?lu; Emine, Akal Y?ld?z

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this study was to determine the nutritional value and nutrients provided by each meal and snack of consumed by university students. Subjects were randomly selected from volunteer students at five universities in Ankara. A sample of 400 students (167 female and 233 male) aged between 19 and 24 years participated in this study. A questionnaire designed to assess general characteristics, anthropometric measurements, and 24 hours dietary records was administered using face to face int...

  16. Energy and nutrient intake and food patterns among Turkish university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesli?ah, Rak?c?o?lu; Emine, Akal Y?ld?z

    2011-04-01

    The goal of this study was to determine the nutritional value and nutrients provided by each meal and snack of consumed by university students. Subjects were randomly selected from volunteer students at five universities in Ankara. A sample of 400 students (167 female and 233 male) aged between 19 and 24 years participated in this study. A questionnaire designed to assess general characteristics, anthropometric measurements, and 24 hours dietary records was administered using face to face interviews. According to body mass index classifications, 69.5% of male students, and 77.7% of female students were found to be in the normal weight categories. Overweight categories were found to be 25.1% and 5.6% for males and females, respectively. Breakfast and lunch were the most frequently skipped meals, with a total of 47.7% of students skipping breakfast and 25.2% skipping lunch. The percentages of energy deficiency were found to be 78.4% in males, and 81.1% in females. Dinner was the main meal for consumption of energy and the other nutrients, except saturated fatty acids, for both genders. Also, dinner was the largest contributor of energy in both genders. Students ate more bread, cereals, and meat at dinner than during the other meals and snacks. Fruit was consumed more during snacks than at the other meals by all students. It was concluded that students need more nutritional information about healthy nutritional habits, adequate intake of nutrients, and ideal body weights. PMID:21556225

  17. Factors Influencing Mathematical Problem-Solving Achievement of Seventh Grade Turkish Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guven, Bulent; Cabakcor, Buket Ozum

    2013-01-01

    It is known that there are many factors affecting students' problem-solving abilities. In this study, the influence of seventh-grade students' affective factors, their academic success, their gender and their families' educational levels on their problem-solving achievement was examined. To achieve this aim, a Problem-Solving Attitude Scale, a…

  18. Motivational Factors Contributing to Turkish High School Students' Achievement in Gases and Chemical Reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadioglu, Cansel; Uzuntiryaki, Esen

    2008-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the contribution of motivational factors to 10th grade students' achievement in gases and chemical reactions in chemistry. Three hundred fifty nine 10th grade students participated in the study. The Gases and Chemical Reactions Achievement Test and the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire were…

  19. Relation between Cyberbullying and Problem Solving: A Study on Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gokler, Riza

    2013-01-01

    In this study, cyberbullying living frequency, what the cyber environments in which cyberbullying is lived are, and the relation between "being victim of cyberbullying" and "being cyberbullying" status and problem solving skill of university students are analysed. This research is done by attendance of 460 students from five…

  20. The Role of Gender, Attachment Dimensions, and Family Environment on Loneliness among Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demirli, Aylin; Demir, Ayhan

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the predictive value of gender, attachment dimensions and family environment in explaining loneliness among students. The study included 473 students (281 females, 192 males) from Ankara University. The UCLA Loneliness Scale, Family Environment Assessment Scale and Experiences in Close…

  1. The Portfolio Effect: Enhancing Turkish ELT Student-Teachers' Autonomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Rana

    2013-01-01

    This article reports on the use of portfolios to develop ELT major student-teachers' autonomy. The research was carried out for 14 weeks with twenty-one 3rd grade student-teachers in the English Language Teaching Department of Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey. To evaluate the impact of portfolios on fostering the participants'…

  2. Turkish EFL Student Teachers' Perceptions on the Role of Electronic Portfolios in Their Professional Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kocoglu, Zeynep

    2008-01-01

    There has been vast evidence to support the potential of electronic portfolios (e-portfolio) as tools for enhancing reflective thinking and professional development of student teachers. However, no study has been carried out to specifically determine English as a Foreign Language (EFL) student teachers' perceptions on the role of e-portfolios in…

  3. An Assessment of Factors Related to Science Achievement of Turkish Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalender, Ilker; Berberoglu, Giray

    2009-01-01

    In this study, a hypothesised model with latent variables such as socio-economic status, students' perception of success and interest in different subject matter areas, out-of-school activities, and classroom teaching learning activities in relation to science achievement of the students was tested via linear structural modelling. The data come…

  4. Prevalence of obsessive-compulsive disorder in Turkish university students and assessment of associated factors

    OpenAIRE

    Topal Kenan; Kutlu Oguz; Ozenli Yarkin; Yoldascan Elcin; Bozkurt Ali

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Many students who begin university at risky periods for OCD development cannot meet the new challenges successfully. They often seek help and apply to the university health center for psychiatric distress. We aimed to determine the prevalence and associated factors of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) at students of the Cukurova University in this cross sectional study. Methods This study was performed in the Cukurova University Faculty of Education with a population of ...

  5. Opinions of Turkish Students Graduated from Faculties of Arts and Sciences about Pedagogical Formation Training

    OpenAIRE

    Murat Demirba?; Metin Elkatmi?; Nurcan Ertugrul

    2012-01-01

    Training teachers is among the most important issues for many governments. In Turkey, similarly, the question of how to train teachers has been debated for years and numerous practices have been tried. One of these practices is providing pedagogical formation training to students who graduated from faculties of arts and sciences. The main aim of this study is to determine the opinions of these students about the pedagogical formation training given by faculties of education. The research was ...

  6. DETERMINATION OF FUNCTIONALITY OF TURKISH STUDENT STUDY BOOKS IN TEACHING TURKISH PRIMARY SECOND STAGE ?LKÖ?RET?M ?K?NC? KADEMEDE KULLANILAN TÜRKÇE Ö?RENC? ÇALI?MA K?TAPLARININ ??LEVSELL???N?N BEL?RLENMES?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali GÖÇER

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The main mission of educational institutions to provide to the students the necessary information. More importantly, students learned skills into their knowledge to show the way. Students' learning skills into their knowledge one of effective ways: student workbooks, and native place of the events when the time is to work. The purpose of this study, second grade elementary school students in Turkish lessons in a workbook activities carried been realized to determine the status. This motion, the student workbook is to determine the status of being used as functional.In this research, qualitative research approach in the context of document analysis methods and scanning techniques used. Collection of student work books will be reviewed in Kayseri for primary schools and among the strata must be determined via sampling. A total of 54 Turkish students study books were collected in school. In each grade level as an elective to a required four themes were selected. The themes identified in the student workbooks have been investigated the level of realization of activities. According to the data obtained, activities undertaken with students more than activities that are not made at all, but in general, student workbooks are not used functionally. E?itim kurumlar?n?n temel görevi ö?rencilere gerekli bilgileri ö?retmekten öte, ö?rencilerin ö?rendikleri bilgileri beceriye dönü?türebilmelerinin yollar?n? göstermektir. Ö?rencilerin ö?rendikleri bilgileri beceriye dönü?türebilmelerinin etkili yollar?ndan biri ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?ndaki etkinliklerin zaman?nda ve yerli yerince i?lenmesidir. Bu çal??man?n amac?, ilkö?retim ikinci kademede Türkçe dersi ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?ndaki etkinliklerin gerçekle?tirilme durumunu inceleyerek bu kitaplar?n i?levsel olarak kullan?l?p kullan?lmad???n? belirlemektir. Ara?t?rmada nitel ara?t?rma yakla??m? çerçevesinde doküman inceleme yöntemi ve tarama tekni?i kullan?lm??t?r. ?ncelenecek Türkçe ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?n?n toplanaca?? ilkö?retim okullar?, amaçl? ve tabakalamal? örnekleme yolu ile belirlenmi?tir. Bu çerçevede 2008-2009 ö?retim y?l? sonunda Kayseri’de Melikgazi, Kocasinan ve Tomarza ilçelerinin her birinden 3 olmak üzere toplam 9 ilkö?retim okulu belirlenmi?tir. Okullar?n 6. ve 7. s?n?flar?nda ö?renim gören ö?renciler aras?ndan seçkisiz olarak 3’er ö?renci belirlenerek 6. ve 7. s?n?f düzeyinde 27’?er olmak üzere toplam 54 Türkçe Ö?renci Çal??ma Kitab? (ÖÇK toplanm??t?r. Her s?n?f düzeyinde bir seçmeli bir de zorunlu olmak üzere 4 tema seçilmi?tir. Ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?n?n belirlenen temalar?nda yer alan etkinliklerin gerçekle?tirilme düzeyini belirlemek amac?yla her bir etkinlik incelenerek durum tespiti yap?lm??t?r. Elde edilen verilere göre, incelenen kitaplar?ndaki gerçekle?tirilen etkinliklerin gerçekle?tirilmeyenlerden oransal olarak fazla olsa da ö?renci çal??ma kitaplar?n?n i?levsel olarak kullan?lmad??? kanaatine var?lm??t?r.

  7. Massive pulmonary embolus in a 14 year old boy.

    OpenAIRE

    Crane, S. D.; Beverley, D. W.; Williams, M. J.

    1999-01-01

    Pulmonary embolus in children is rare. A case of massive pulmonary embolus, after surgery, in a child of 14 years is described. Accident and emergency doctors should be aware that pulmonary embolus can occur in children and exercise a high index of suspicion for the diagnosis in those patients with risk factors for the condition who present acutely with typical symptoms such as dyspnoea, chest pain, haemoptysis, or collapse.

  8. Massive pulmonary embolus in a 14 year old boy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crane, S D; Beverley, D W; Williams, M J

    1999-07-01

    Pulmonary embolus in children is rare. A case of massive pulmonary embolus, after surgery, in a child of 14 years is described. Accident and emergency doctors should be aware that pulmonary embolus can occur in children and exercise a high index of suspicion for the diagnosis in those patients with risk factors for the condition who present acutely with typical symptoms such as dyspnoea, chest pain, haemoptysis, or collapse. PMID:10417942

  9. Examining Demographic Factors Related to Cigarette Smoking among Undergraduate Students at a Turkish University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erkan Oktay

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Cigarette smoking is the leading global preventable health risk, and it is associated with well-known health risks such as morbidity, mortality, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and nicotine addiction. When analyzed by age group, cigarette smoking in Turkey is the most prevalent among younger adult populations. The college years appear to be a time of increased risk for smoking initiation and movement into regular patterns of use, although college smokers are more likely to be non-daily smokers, meaning that they smoke more in social situations. This paper aims to identify the demographic factors related to cigarette smoking of undergraduate students in Erzurum, Atatürk University; to interpret these factors, and to assist in informing alternatives for taking more effective action than the typical cessation campaigns. Using logistic regression analysis with cross-sectional data obtained using the questionnaire; the factors affecting cigarette smoking in this context were identified. The demographic factors of sex, geographical region, parents’ residence, father’s profession, the number of individuals in the family, professional status, and general satisfaction were found to be statistically significant at the 0.05 significance level; while faculty and present residence were statistically significant at the 0.10 significance level. The analysis therefore shows that the demographic factors listed above influence the cigarette smoking habits of undergraduate students in Atatürk University.

  10. A study on preschoolers' conceptual perceptions of states of matter: a case study of Turkish students

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Murat, Demirba& #351; ; Nurcan, Ertu& #287; rul.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The purpose of the present study is to identify preschoolers' conceptual perceptions of states of matter, this issue that they often come across in their daily and social life. The study was designed as a qualitative case study. The population of the study was comprised of 25 preschoolers studying a [...] t two primary schools located in Kirikkale and Kir?ehir, Turkey. The data were collected through the Science Concepts Perception Test (SCPT), which contained 10 semi-structured questions suitable for the level of preschoolers. The data were subject to content analysis, a qualitative method of data analysis, in order to identify how the students perceived science concepts.

  11. Adaptation of Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale to Turkish

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Haydar ?ar

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is adaptation of the “Problem Mobile Phone Use Scale ” which was developed by Bianchi ve Phillips (2005 to Turkish. In order to adapt the scale, firstly scale items were translated to Turkish by the researcher. Then translation form was further developed by consulting ten specialists. English and Turkish forms of scale were both filled by 30 undergraduate students with two-week intervals respectively. Two forms were accepted as equal since the correlation between them was 0.78. Turkish version of the scale was implemented on 300 students for validity and reliability studies. In Turkish version of the scale alpha valid value was calculated as 0.94, and reliable value vas calculated 0.88. Therefore, it can be concluded that Turkish version of the scale was reliable and valid.

  12. Metaphors of Turkish Preservice Teachers about the Concept of "Literature"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagci, Hasan

    2013-01-01

    This research has been done for the purpose of searching out the perceptions of the Turkish preservice teachers related to the term of "Literature" by the help of the concept of metaphors. 230 students have been participated to the study who have studied at Mehmet Akif Ersoy University(Turkey),Faculty of Education, Department of Turkish…

  13. Evaluation of the Turkish text types in Turkish course books in primary schools

    OpenAIRE

    Emine Kolaç

    2009-01-01

    The skill of and responsibility for using the mother language accurately starts in the first grade of the primary school. In this context, the textbooks of the Turkish language courses have important duties to fulfill. The texts in the coursebooks, thus, function as the means to demonstrate the students the richness, delicacy, and beauty of the mother tongue in order to provide an awareness and endearment of the language. Distinguished samples of the Turkish and world literature are operat...

  14. Students' Attitudes to Information in the Press: Critical Reading of a Newspaper Article with Scientific Content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveras, B.; Márquez, C.; Sanmartí, N.

    2014-01-01

    This research analyses what happens when a critical reading activity based on a press article dealing with an energy-related problem is implemented with two groups of students of 13-14 years old and 16-17 years old in the same school (a total of 117 students). Specifically, the research analyses the students' profiles from the standpoint of…

  15. An Investigation of the Validity and Reliability of the Adapted Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale-Short Version (MARS-SV) among Turkish Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baloglu, Mustafa

    2010-01-01

    This study adapted the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale-Short Version (MARS-SV) into Turkish and investigated the validity and reliability of the adapted instrument. Twenty-five bilingual experts agreed on the language validity, and 49 Turkish language experts agreed on the conformity and understandability of the scale's items. Thirty-two subject…

  16. Language Use of Turkish Speaking Communities in the United Kingdom (A Case Study According to the Views of Families, Teachers and Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alpaslan Okur

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available First Turkish existance in England is based on acquiring the English citizenship with the conservation of Cyprus in 1987 by England. First immigration of Turkish people was made by Turkish people as a result of pressure of Greeks in Cyprus started in 1940 and increased in 1974. The immigration from Turkey was started in 1970 because of educational, economic and politic reasons. Furthermore many Turkish people immigrated from Asia, Russia and East Europe. All of the can be called “The community speaking Turkish”.This people’s childrens are bilingual and it is questionable whether which language is their mother language. Normally as long as knowing mother language well being bilingual is advantageous. But the reaserces have shown that for Turkish bilingual children bilingulism is disadvantageous. Unconsious families, being careless on awareness of bilingulism are the reason for their low language levels in two languages. In this research it is concluded that English level of the children between 5 and 16 is higher and families try to preserve their children Turkish level but the teachers don’t consider that this levels are satisfactory. It is determined that families efforts are inconcious and Turkish schools and courses are not sufficent because of many reasons.

  17. A Comparative Study of Croatian and Hungarian EFL Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mihaljevic Djigunovic, Jelena; Nikolov, Marianne; Otto, Istvan

    2008-01-01

    This comparative research aims to provide insights into how Croatian and Hungarian 8th graders' proficiency in English as a foreign language (EFL) compares to one another in relation to organizational macro factors. A total of 717 14-year-old students participated in the study in two neighboring regions and towns of Croatia and Hungary examining…

  18. Perspectives of Turkish Intern and Non-Intern Students towards Sport Management Internship within the Context of Field Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coknaz, Dilsad

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine differences between intern and non-intern students in terms of their perspectives on sport management internship within the context of field experience. The subjects of the study were a total of 189 students. They were 4th year students who completed their internship and 3rd year students who were yet to…

  19. Association of parents' nutritional status, and sociodemographic and dietary factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old Associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas e dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7 a 14 anos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla de Oliveira Bernardo

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available To assess the association of parents' nutritional status, and dietary and sociodemographic factors with overweight/obesity in schoolchildren in Florianópolis Island, Santa Catarina State, Brazil, this cross-sectional epidemiological study examined 2,826 schoolchildren 7 to 14 years old, classified according to body mass index curves for age and sex recommended by the International Obesity Task Force. Data were analyzed using Poisson regression. The final model showed overweight/obesity in boys associated directly with father's educational level, mother's age, and parents' nutritional status, and inversely with mother's educational level, and number of daily meals. Among girls, it associated directly with parents' nutritional status and the schoolchildren's age, and inversely with consumption of risk foods. The variables that associated with overweight/obesity differed between the sexes, except parents' nutritional status. Boys and girls with both parents overweight or obese were, respectively, 80% and 150% more likely to exhibit the same diagnosis, indicating the need for interventions that include the family environment.O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a associação entre estado nutricional dos pais, variáveis sociodemográficas, dietéticas e o sobrepeso/obesidade em escolares de 7-14 anos de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Estudo transversal com 2.826 escolares, classificados com base nas curvas de índice de massa corporal para idade e sexo segundo a International Obesity Task Force. Para as análises utilizou-se a Regressão de Poisson. No modelo final, mostraram associação direta ao sobrepeso/obesidade em meninos: escolaridade do pai, idade da mãe e estado nutricional dos pais; e inversa: escolaridade da mãe e número de refeições diárias. Entre as meninas houve associação direta com estado nutricional dos pais, e inversa com idade do escolar e consumo de alimentos de risco. As variáveis associadas ao sobrepeso/obesidade diferiram entre os sexos, com exceção do estado nutricional dos pais. Filhos e filhas de ambos os pais com sobrepeso/obesidade t?m risco cerca de, respectivamente, 80% e 150% maior de apresentar o mesmo diagnóstico, indicando a necessidade de intervenções também no ambiente familiar.

  20. A longitudinal study of perceptions of self-concept and professional self-concept in Turkish nursing students

    OpenAIRE

    Zehra Göçmen Baykara; Nurcan Çal??kan; Gulen Addis; Ayi?e Karada?; Ferudun Sezgin

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine the relationship between self-concept and professional self-concept amongst nursing students undertaking a four year degree.A descriptive longitudinal study was applied amongst all nursing students undertaking a four year degree starting in the academic year 2006-2007. The sample consists of total 78 students. The data collection was via two Likert scale type questionnaires about the self description of students and their descriptions of the professional ...

  1. Fifth-Grade Turkish Elementary School Students' Listening and Reading Comprehension Levels with Regard to Text Types

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Kasim; Yildiz, Mustafa; Ates, Seyit; Rasinski, Timothy

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine fifth grade elementary school students' listening and reading comprehension levels with regard to text types. This study was conducted on 180 fifth grade elementary school students in Sincan-Ankara in the spring semester of the academic year 2008-2009. The comprehension test was administered to students. The…

  2. Seventh Grade Students' Qualitative Understanding of the Concept of Mass Influenced by Real Experiments and Virtual Experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stamenkovski, Sasha; Zajkov, Oliver

    2014-01-01

    This research is conducted among 65 seventh graders (12-14 years old) who attend introductory course on physics. Tests and interviews are used to trace the roots of the students' misconceptions about mass. Results from the research reveal serious weaknesses in students' understanding of concept of mass, and its confusion with concepts of…

  3. Korelace mezi sportovní ?inností a užíváním návykovıch látek u 14letıch žák? a žáky? základních škol ve Slovinsku Correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year-old primary school male and female pupils in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jože Štihec

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Cílem tohoto pr?zkumu bylo zjistit, zda u 14letıch žák? existuje korelace mezi sportovní aktivitou a užíváním návykovıch látek. Tento pr?zkum je založen na dotazníku s 38 prom?nnımi, p?i?emž pravd?podobnostní vztahy mezi prom?nnımi byly testovány pomocí chí-kvadrát testu. Analıza ukázala, že ve svém volném ?ase se sportu v?nuje 80 % chlapc? a 85 % dívek. Sportu se v?nují v?tšinou dvakrát až t?ikrát tıdn?. V?tšina chlapc? se v?nuje sportu závodn? (39 %, zatímco dívky se v?nují p?edevším rekrea?ním pohybovım aktivitám (48 %. Pokud jde o kou?ení, ke ku?ák?m pat?í 4 % procenta chlapc? a 12 % dívek. V?tšina chlapc? za?ala kou?it ve v?ku 13 let, dívky ve v?ku 12 let. 90 % chlapc? a 94 % dívek již n?jakı alkoholickı nápoj vyzkoušelo – jde tedy o v?tšinu žák? ve v?ku od 10 do 13 let. Pokud jde o užívání drog, vyzkoušelo je 18 % chlapc? a 26 % dívek. Nej?ast?jšími typy drog jsou inhalace, pilulky a marihuana. V?tšina žák? prohlásila, že kou?ení, pití alkoholu a užívání nelegálních návykovıch látek vyzkoušela ze zv?davosti. Rodi?e v?tšinou podporují d?ti v provozování sportu. V?tšina žák? se domnívá, že sport a kou?ení spolu nejde dohromady. Domnívají se, že sportovní aktivity jsou ?innosti, které by od užívání návykovıch látek mohly odrazovat. Zjistili jsme, že mezi sportovními aktivitami a užíváním legálních i nelegálních návykovıch látek není statisticky vıznamná korelace. Statisticky vıznamná korelace však byla zjišt?na u pití alkoholu v p?ípad? chlapc? (pivo a víno a inhalace látek v p?ípad? dívek. Rozdíly by z?ejm? mohly bıt vırazn?jší v pozd?jším v?ku – p?i p?echodu mezi základní a st?ední školou. Mladé lidi by bylo možno od užívání legálních i nelegálních návykovıch látek odradit nabídkou v?tšího množství aktivit, které by jim umož?ovaly trávit volnı ?as p?im??en?jším a kvalitn?jším zp?sobem. The aim of this research was to establish whether there is a correlation between sport activity and drug-taking among 14 year old pupils. This research is based on a questionnaire of 38 variables and the probability relations among the variables have been tested by the chi-square. Analysis has shown that 80% of male and 85% of female pupils practice sport in their leisure time. On average, they practice sport 2 to 3 times a week. The majority of male pupils practice sport competitively (39%, while female pupils primarily practice not officially organized recreational sports (48%. As for smoking, 4% of the male and 12% of the female pupils smoke, the majority of the male pupils had their first cigarette at the age of 13, female pupils at the age of 12. Regarding alcohol use, 90% of the male and 94% of the female pupils had tried an alcohol beverage, which means a majority of pupils between ages 10 and 13. As far as drugs are concerned, 18% of the male and 26% of the female pupils tried drugs. The prevailing types of drug-taking are vapor inhaling, pills and marijuana. The majority of pupils sa

  4. Factores de riesgo para enfermedad respiratoria en población de 5 a 14 años de una Localidad de Bogotá, 2012-2013 / Respiratory disease risk factors in the 5-14 year-old population in an area of Bogota, 2012-2013

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Natalia, Rodríguez-Moreno; Viviana, Martínez-Morales; Rodrigo, Sarmiento-Suarez; Katalina, Medina-Palacios; Luis J., Hernández.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Establecer la prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios, asma y rinitis, posiblemente asociados a la contaminación del aire en niños entre 5 y 14 años, en la localidad de Bosa, año 2012-2013. Métodos Se tomó una muestra de 553 niños residentes en la localidad de Bosa. Resultados Cuando el niño [...] habita con personas que fuman tiene 1,5 veces más de riesgo de toser en la noche respecto a los niños cuyos contactos no fuman. Los niños que habitan en viviendas con chimeneas a menos de 100 m de distancia tienen 1,6 veces la probabilidad de presentar el síntoma. Quienes asisten al colegio de mayor exposición y además tienen edificaciones en construcción o vías en mal estado a menos de 100 m de sus viviendas, presentan 2,5 veces la posibilidad de manifestar el evento. En cuanto a presentar sibilancias en el último año, los niños que tienen humedades en su habitación presentan 4 veces la probabilidad de manifestarlas. Hay un incremento del riesgo de sibilancias en un 80 % cuando el niño vive a menos de 100 m de edificaciones en construcción o vías sin pavimentar y además asiste al colegio de mayor exposición. Conclusiones Son tan importantes las intervenciones gubernamentales para la modificación de los factores de riesgo extramurales asociados a la enfermedad respiratoria como las mejoras que deben llevarse a cabo extramuralmente. Abstract in english Objective Establishing the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis, possibly associated with air pollution, in 5- to 14-year-old children in Bosa (a conurbation of Bogota), between 2012 and 2013. Methods A sample was taken of 553 children living in the conurbation. Results The result [...] s indicated that when a child lives with people who smoke there was a 1.5 times risk of coughing at night (compared to living in a non-smoking home) such night-time coughing being different to that produced by respiratory infections such as colds, bronchitis and pneumonia. Children living in homes having fireplaces/open cooking areas located less than 100 m apart had 1.6 times greater probability of presenting symptoms. Children attending schools having greater PM10 exposure and living near buildings being constructed or having roads in a poor state of repair less than 100 meters from their homes were 2.5 times more likely to suffer respiratory disease. Children living in damp rooms were 4 times more likely to have wheezed during the past year. The risk of wheezing became increased by 80 % when a child lived within 100 meters of buildings being constructed or near unpaved roads and attended a school having greater exposure. Conclusion Government intervention is critical for changing respiratory disease-associated extramural risk factors, such as improvements benefitting children which should be carried out in urban areas.

  5. Factores de riesgo para enfermedad respiratoria en población de 5 a 14 años de una Localidad de Bogotá, 2012-2013 / Respiratory disease risk factors in the 5-14 year-old population in an area of Bogota, 2012-2013

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Natalia, Rodríguez-Moreno; Viviana, Martínez-Morales; Rodrigo, Sarmiento-Suarez; Katalina, Medina-Palacios; Luis J., Hernández.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo Establecer la prevalencia de síntomas respiratorios, asma y rinitis, posiblemente asociados a la contaminación del aire en niños entre 5 y 14 años, en la localidad de Bosa, año 2012-2013. Métodos Se tomó una muestra de 553 niños residentes en la localidad de Bosa. Resultados Cuando el niño [...] habita con personas que fuman tiene 1,5 veces más de riesgo de toser en la noche respecto a los niños cuyos contactos no fuman. Los niños que habitan en viviendas con chimeneas a menos de 100 m de distancia tienen 1,6 veces la probabilidad de presentar el síntoma. Quienes asisten al colegio de mayor exposición y además tienen edificaciones en construcción o vías en mal estado a menos de 100 m de sus viviendas, presentan 2,5 veces la posibilidad de manifestar el evento. En cuanto a presentar sibilancias en el último año, los niños que tienen humedades en su habitación presentan 4 veces la probabilidad de manifestarlas. Hay un incremento del riesgo de sibilancias en un 80 % cuando el niño vive a menos de 100 m de edificaciones en construcción o vías sin pavimentar y además asiste al colegio de mayor exposición. Conclusiones Son tan importantes las intervenciones gubernamentales para la modificación de los factores de riesgo extramurales asociados a la enfermedad respiratoria como las mejoras que deben llevarse a cabo extramuralmente. Abstract in english Objective Establishing the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, asthma and rhinitis, possibly associated with air pollution, in 5- to 14-year-old children in Bosa (a conurbation of Bogota), between 2012 and 2013. Methods A sample was taken of 553 children living in the conurbation. Results The result [...] s indicated that when a child lives with people who smoke there was a 1.5 times risk of coughing at night (compared to living in a non-smoking home) such night-time coughing being different to that produced by respiratory infections such as colds, bronchitis and pneumonia. Children living in homes having fireplaces/open cooking areas located less than 100 m apart had 1.6 times greater probability of presenting symptoms. Children attending schools having greater PM10 exposure and living near buildings being constructed or having roads in a poor state of repair less than 100 meters from their homes were 2.5 times more likely to suffer respiratory disease. Children living in damp rooms were 4 times more likely to have wheezed during the past year. The risk of wheezing became increased by 80 % when a child lived within 100 meters of buildings being constructed or near unpaved roads and attended a school having greater exposure. Conclusion Government intervention is critical for changing respiratory disease-associated extramural risk factors, such as improvements benefitting children which should be carried out in urban areas.

  6. The Turkish Standardization of the Meadow-Kendall Social-Emotional Assessment Inventory for Deaf and Hearing-Impaired Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polat, Filiz

    2006-01-01

    The article present results of standardization of the Meadow-Kendall Social-Emotional Assessment Inventory for Deaf and Hearing-Impaired Students (Meadow, 1983), school-age version, for use in Turkey. The SEAI is a 59-item measure for assessing socioemotional adjustment of school-age deaf and hearing impaired students. A sample of 1,097 deaf…

  7. Positive and Negative Affectivity as Mediator and Moderator of the Relationship between Optimism and Life Satisfaction in Turkish University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapikiran, Necla Acun

    2012-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to examine the mediator and moderator role of positive and negative affectivity variables on the relationship between optimism and life satisfaction in university students. 397 university students, ranging in age from 18 to 27 (M = 20.98), attending different departments of the Faculty of Education, at Pamukkale…

  8. The Effects of Conflict Resolution Education on Conflict Resolution Skills, Social Competence, and Aggression in Turkish Elementary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akgun, Serap; Araz, Arzu

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to implement "we can resolve our conflicts" training program to elementary school students and to assess the effectiveness of this school-based conflict resolution training program, designed to enhance students' conflict resolution skills and social competence and consequently decrease aggression. Three…

  9. The Effects of the Cooperative Learning Method Supported by Multiple Intelligence Theory on Turkish Elementary Students' Mathematics Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isik, Dilek; Tarim, Kamuran

    2009-01-01

    In the present experimental study, the effects of the cooperative learning method supported by multiple intelligence theory (CLMI) on elementary school fourth grade students' academic achievement and retention towards the mathematics course were investigated. The participants of the study were 150 students who were divided into two experimental…

  10. A longitudinal study of perceptions of self-concept and professional self-concept in Turkish nursing students

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    Zehra Göçmen Baykara

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted to determine the relationship between self-concept and professional self-concept amongst nursing students undertaking a four year degree.A descriptive longitudinal study was applied amongst all nursing students undertaking a four year degree starting in the academic year 2006-2007. The sample consists of total 78 students. The data collection was via two Likert scale type questionnaires about the self description of students and their descriptions of the professional qualities of nurses which were issued a week apart. The first questionnaire consisted of a self-report form of 40 adjectives and students were asked to rate the suitability of each adjective for describing their personality. The second questionnaire employed the same adjectives as the first questionnaire. Students were asked to rate how necessary it was for professional nurses to possess these qualities. SPSS was used to analyse the data via percentages and Cohen’s Kappa method. The data for first year students showed 77.6% were happy to have chosen nursing but significant nearly a quarter were not. 85.9% thought they had similar characteristics to those required by nursing but there was a significant minority of almost one sixth who felt they did not have the required characteristics. The congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept was highest in the fourth year followed by the first year with the second year being the lowest. Congruence between self-concept and professional self-concept across all four years was evident from our study. Some implications of these findings for nursing education and practice are considered. A realistic approach to what is involved in both the study and practice of nursing can increase the self and professional self-concept congruence. It is important for nursing educators to effectively manage student expectations as a better alignment of these with actual situations helps students cope with the demands placed upon them.

  11. Social Interaction Rules in Cooperative Learning Groups for Students at Risk for ADHD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuester, Deitra A.; Zentall, Sydney S.

    2012-01-01

    This study assessed the effects of providing social participation rules on the performance and social behavior of a school-based sample of 10-14-year-old students at risk for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (n = 34) who worked cooperatively in same-gender triads with typical peers (n = 92). The design was primarily a 2 (population group)…

  12. The Effects of Conflict Resolution and Peer Mediation Training on Turkish Elementary School Students' Conflict Resolution Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turnuklu, Abbas; Kacmaz, Tarkan; Gurler, Selma; Turk, Fulya; Kalender, Alper; Zengin, Feza; Sevkin, Burcak

    2010-01-01

    The effectiveness of conflict resolution and peer mediation (CRPM) training among 10- and 11-year-old elementary school students was examined. The CRPM training program consisted of skills, such as understanding the nature of interpersonal conflicts, communication, anger management, negotiation and peer mediation. The research was carried out…

  13. A Cross-Cultural Study of ICT Competency, Attitude and Satisfaction of Turkish, Polish and Czech University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dincer, Serkan; Sahinkayasi, Yunis

    2011-01-01

    Due to various factors, countries begin to have different levels of information and communication technologies (ICT) and they have their own unique culture of ICT usage. This case appears interesting especially when we consider university students' proficiency, attitudes and satisfaction in use of ICT. The purpose of this study is to examine the…

  14. Fostering Critical Thinking about Citizenship Education in Particular Contexts: Notes from an Anglo-Turkish Student Teachers' Exchange Programme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busher, Hugh; Wilkins, Chris; Lawson, Tony

    2012-01-01

    Student teachers and staff from three universities in Turkey and from Leicester University, England took part in an exchange programme in Turkey and Britain in 2008-2009. Funding for this from the European Union (EU) and Turkey was in part related to Turkey's application for EU membership and currently contested discourses about the nature of…

  15. The Effectiveness of Psycho-Educational School-Based Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Training Program on Turkish Elementary Students

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    Cecen-Erogul, Ayse Rezan; Kaf Hasirci, Ozlem

    2013-01-01

    In Turkey, there is neither systematic nor structured child sexual abuse prevention programs for school-aged children in school settings. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a school-based child sexual abuse prevention program on elementary school (4th grade) students. Quasi-experimental design with pretest,…

  16. Examination of Turkish Students' Opinions Related to Values in the Example of Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tasdemir, Adem

    2012-01-01

    Reflecting effective and psychomotor skills to teaching environment are as important as cognitive skills in learning process. In this context, values are important to develop skills in affective domain. In this study, the opinions of the students who have been studying in three different countries (Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Turkey) were aimed to be…

  17. The Most Important Concept of Transport and Circulatory Systems: Turkish Biology Student Teachers' Cognitive Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurt, Hakan; Ekici, Gulay; Aksu, Ozlem; Aktas, Murat

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine biology student teachers' cognitive structure with regard to "Blood". Qualitative research method has been used. The free word association test and the draw-write technique have been used in collection of data. The data obtained have been evaluated and divided into categories based on…

  18. Perceptions of Preservice Teachers regarding the Integration of Information and Communication Technologies in Turkish Education Faculties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akbulut, Yavuz; Odabasi, H. Ferhan; Kuzu, Abdullah

    2011-01-01

    This study explored the views of pre-service teachers regarding the indicators of information and communication technologies (ICT) at Turkish education faculties. A cross-sectional survey design was implemented with graduating students enrolled in Turkish education faculties. A combination of stratified random sampling and systematic sampling was…

  19. Seigniorage revenue and Turkish economy

    OpenAIRE

    Levent, Korap

    2006-01-01

    In our paper, we try to investigate the courses of inflation tax and seigniorage revenue for policy makers of the Turkish economy. For this purpose, we first construct an ex-ante seigniorage revenue maximizing inflation model, and then calculate annual inflation tax and seigniorage revenues for the post-1980 period Turkish economy. Following these theoretical issues, an empirical model is constructed upon the Turkish economy, and our expost estimation results reveal that inside the period con...

  20. Influence of Students’ Understanding and Goal Commitment on Academic Achievement in Introductory Technology in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Akpan, Godwin A.; Mbaba, Uduak G.; Udofia, Aniefiok E.

    2012-01-01

    The study examined the influence of students’ understanding and goal commitment on their academic achievement in Introductory Technology in secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. An ex-post facto survey design was used and a random sample of 2,500 junior secondary three (13-14 years old) students from a population of 48,302 JSS three students in the state public schools in 2008/2009 session. Data on independent variables were gathered with researchers – developed instrument called...

  1. THE FIRST BOSNIAN-TURKISH/TURKISH BOSNIAN LEXICOGRAPHIC WORK

    OpenAIRE

    Edina Ustavdi?

    2011-01-01

    In this work, the authoress interprets the frst Bosnian-Turkish/Turkish-Bosnian dictionary Maqbul-i ‘Arif, or better known as Potur Shahidi written by Muhammed Hevai Uskuf, a Bosnian Muslim, born in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina, in 1631 (Hevaji, 1724).

  2. Turkish pepper (extra hot)

    OpenAIRE

    Woywodt, A.; Herrmann, A.; Choi, M.; Goebel, U.; Luft, F.

    2000-01-01

    A 38 year old female office worker was admitted with a newly discovered blood pressure of 250/110 mm Hg. Evaluation for secondary forms of hypertension was negative and treatment was begun. Sodium excretion was markedly reduced, plasma aldosterone was normal, and plasma renin activity was low. Therefore, presence of an aldosterone-like activity was suspected. Eventually, the patient confessed to abusing "Turkish Pepper", a brand of Scandinavian liquorice candies and "Fisherman's Friend", ano...

  3. An Investigation of School Violence through Turkish Children's Drawings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yurtal, Filiz; Artut, Kazim

    2010-01-01

    This study investigates Turkish children's perception of violence in school as represented through drawings and narratives. In all, 66 students (12 to 13 years old) from the middle socioeconomic class participated. To elicit children's perception of violence, they were asked to draw a picture of a violent incident they had heard, experienced, or…

  4. Parenting Styles and Life Satisfaction of Turkish Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya

    2012-01-01

    This study examined adolescents' perception of satisfaction from various life domains according to gender and parenting styles among 562 Turkish adolescents [53.2% girls; Mean (M) age = 14.1, Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.85]. The participants completed the multidimensional students' life satisfaction scale and the parenting style inventory. The…

  5. Eating Attitudes and Their Psychological Correlates among Turkish Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bas, Murat; Asci, F. Hulya; Karabudak, Efsun; Kiziltan, Gul

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the eating attitudes and psychological characteristics of Turkish late adolescents. Seven hundred eighty-three university students were administered the Eating Attitudes Test, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Social Physique Anxiety Scale. More than one in ten (9.2% of the males and 13.1% of the…

  6. Adaptation of Academic Self-Efficacy Scale into Turkish

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    Hüseyin ÖNCÜ

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of this study is to adapt Academic Self-efficacy Scale into Turkish, determine validity and reliability of the scale developed by Morgan and Jinks (2003. Because of the correlation between the marks obtained from the English and Turkish Forms of the scale is .95, both of these forms were accepted as equivalent. Working group of the study included 380 students who were attending 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th grades of four different primary schools in three counties of Ankara. Structural validity of the scale determined through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. As a result of exploratory factor analysis, it was seen that scale has three factor structure as it was original, but the third factor formed different factor. Factors were ability, context, and educational quality. Scale's reliability of Turkish form was determined as .80 with repetition and through Cronbach alfa inner reliability technique as .82.

  7. Examining the Underlying Values of Turkish and German Mathematics Teachers' Decision Making Processes in Group Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dede, Yuksel

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the values underlying the decision-making processes in group studies for Turkish and German mathematics teachers. This study presented a small part of a wider study investigating German and Turkish mathematics teachers' and their students' values (Values in Mathematics Teaching in Turkey and…

  8. Turkish pepper (extra hot).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woywodt, A; Herrmann, A; Choi, M; Goebel, U; Luft, F C

    2000-07-01

    A 38 year old female office worker was admitted with a newly discovered blood pressure of 250/110 mm Hg. Evaluation for secondary forms of hypertension was negative and treatment was begun. Sodium excretion was markedly reduced, plasma aldosterone was normal, and plasma renin activity was low. Therefore, presence of an aldosterone-like activity was suspected. Eventually, the patient confessed to abusing "Turkish Pepper", a brand of Scandinavian liquorice candies and "Fisherman's Friend", another brand of liquorice candies, concurrently. After eliminating liquorice from her diet, the hypertension disappeared thus allowing her antihypertensive treatment to be stopped. PMID:10878208

  9. THE PERSPECTIVES OF THE STUDENTS ON TURKISH LANGUAGE, LITERATURE AND CULTURE STUDING TURKOLOGY IN EUROPE: SAMPLE OF FRANCE INALCO AVRUPA’DA TÜRKOLOJ? Ö?REN?M? GÖREN Ö?RENC?LER?NTÜRK D?L?, EDEB?YATI ve KÜLTÜRÜNE ?L??K?N GÖRÜ?LER?: FRANSA INALCO ÖRNE??

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ?smet ÇET?N

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The research comes out of the seek for the answer of the question that what are the points of view of the students having Turkish language education at foreign universities for Turkish language, literature, history, culture and why have they selected the Turcology department for their studies. By following these questions, the aim of this research is; evaluating the opinion of the students of Eurasian Turkish Studies programme of National Institute of Oriental Languages and Civilizations located in Paris (Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales: INALCO. The study is conducted by using descriptive scanning model on the autumn semester of 2010-2011 academic year. All datas about the opinions of the students continuing Turkish Language and Literature are collected by fifteen open-ended questions. Ara?t?rman?n ortaya ç?k?? nedeni, yurt d???nda Türk dilinin okutuldu?u üniversitelerde ö?renim gören ö?rencilerin Türk diline, edebiyat?na, tarihine, kültürüne yönelik bak?? aç?lar?na, neden Türkoloji bölümünü seçtiklerine dair yan?t aramakt?r. Bu sorulardan hareketle gerçekle?tirilen ara?t?rmada amaç, Do?u Dilleri ve Medeniyetleri Enstitüsü (Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales: INALCO Avrasya Türklük Ara?t?rmalar? Bölümünde ö?renim gören ö?rencilerin, Türk Dili ve Edebiyat? hakk?ndaki görü?lerini de?erlendirmektir. Betimsel tarama modeli kullan?larak gerçekle?tirilen çal??ma, 2010-2011 e?itim ö?retim y?l? güz döneminde gerçekle?tirilmi?tir. Türkoloji bölümüne devam eden ö?rencilerin Türk Dili, Edebiyat? hakk?ndaki görü?leri ile ilgili veriler on be? aç?k uçlu soru arac?l???yla elde edilmi?tir.

  10. The Turkish Adaptation Study of Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for 12-18 Year Old Children: Results of Confirmatory Factor Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karadeniz, Sirin; Buyukozturk, Sener; Akgun, Ozcan Erkan; Cakmak, Ebru Kilic; Demirel, Funda

    2008-01-01

    This study gives results of the first phase of the 12-18 year old Turkish students' norm study of The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ), which developed by Pintrich, Smith, Garcia & McKeachie (1993). The scale was administrated to 1114 students from 3 primary schools and 3 high schools in Ankara in Turkish language, science,…

  11. The Use of Request Expressions by Turkish Learners of Japanese

    OpenAIRE

    Akkus?, Derya; Kahraman, Bar?s?

    2007-01-01

    This study investigates the use of Japanese request expressions by Turkish learners of Japanese (TLJ). Data were collected through discourse completion test (DCT) making use of two different situations. 82 undergraduate students, studying at the Department of Japanese Language Teaching, Faculty of Education, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University and whose ages range from 18 to 27 years old, participated in the DCT. Since they consist of?1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th year students, their Japanese profi...

  12. Zenica Üniversitesi Türkoloji Bölümündeki Bo?nak Ö?rencilerin Türkçe Metin Okumadaki Sorunlar? The problems of Bosnian students at Turkology Department of Zenica University in reading Turkish texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet KARA

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the basic skills of language teaching is reading. Readingskill briefly means vocalizing the symbols in text and comprehendingthe unity consisting of these symbols. Aim at reading skill iscomprehension of the reading text. In addition to that comprehension isoriginal purpose, pronunciation of the text is at least as crucial ascomprehending it in oral reading, one of the reading types. The reasonis that reader is not alone in oral reading. Audience exert effort fort hetext with the reader, either. In teaching Turkish to foreigners, generallyreading training and specifically oral reading are important just as inmother-tongue teaching.In the study, features of a successful oral reading are stated. Oralreading could be also thought as a reading skill scale in foreignlanguage teaching, as in mother-tongue, either. Oral reading skill of thestudents, learning Turkish as a foreign language, must be well.However, oral reading skill is within the other skills. Oral reading is areading skill activity. It is also a listening activity for the audience and aspeaking activity fort he reader. Teachers, teaching Turkish toforeigners, should make a point of oral reading because of the featuresof oral reading, stated here and below.In the study, Bosnian students’ basic oral reading mistakes havebeen tried to be identified. Within this scope, determined text has beenread by 19 students, composing the study group and their voice hasbeen recorded. Oral reading mistakes, word repetition, syncopation andvoice addings have been classified as misreading mistakes. Based ondefined mistakes, suggestions have been made upon solutions of them. Dil ö?retiminin temel becerilerinden biri de okumad?r. Okuma becerisi k?saca metindeki sembollerin seslendirilip, bu sembollerden olu?an bütünlü?ün anla??lmas? demektir. Okuma becerisinde amaç okunan metnin anla??lmas?d?r. Okuma türlerinden olan sesli okumada da anlamak as?l amaç olmakla birlikte metnin seslendirilmesi en az anlamak kadar önemlidir. Çünkü sesli okumada okuyucu yaln?z de?ildir. Dinleyici de okuyucuyla beraber metne yönelik çaba sarf etmektedir. Anadil e?itiminde oldu?u gibi Yabanc?lara Türkçe ö?retiminde de genelde okuma e?itimi özelde ise sesli okuma önemlidir.Çal??mada ba?ar?l? bir sesli okuman?n özellikleri belirtilmi?tir. Sesli okuma anadil e?itiminde oldu?u gibi yabanc? dil e?itiminde de okuma becerisi ölçe?i olarak dü?ünülebilir. Türkçeyi yabanc? dil olarak ö?renen ö?rencilerin sesli okuma becerilerin iyi olmas? gerekmektedir. Bununla birlikte sesli okuma becerisi di?er becerilerle iç içedir. Sesli okuma, okuma becerisi etkinli?i oldu?u gibi dinleyen için bir dinleme etkinli?i, okuyan için bir konu?ma etkinli?idir. Yabanc?lara Türkçe ö?reten ö?retmenler sesli okuman?n burada ve a?a??da belirtilen özelliklerinden dolay? sesli okumaya özen göstermelidirler.Bu çal??mada Bo?nak ö?rencilerin Türkçeyi ö?renirken yapt?klar? temel sesli okuma hatalar? tespit edilmeye çal???lm??t?r. Bu kapsamda çal??ma grubunu olu?turan 19 ö?renciye belirlenen bir metin okutulmu? ve sesleri kaydedilmi?tir. Sesli okuma hatalar? kelime tekrar?, hece yutumu, ses yutumu, ses eklemeleri, yanl?? okuma hatalar? olarak s?n?fland?r?lm??t?r. Belirlenen hatalardan yola ç?k?larak hatalar?n çözümlerine yönelik önerilerde bulunulmu?tur.

  13. Determinants of Turkish FDI abroad

    OpenAIRE

    Kayam, Saime Suna; Hisarciklilar, Mehtap

    2009-01-01

    ABSTRACT This study examines the determinants of Turkish outward FDI employing a gravity model. The model estimates the impact of traditional gravity variables, as well as openness, labour productivity, infrastructure, institutions and economic stability on FDI outflows from Turkey to 11 countries, which account for approximately 90% of Turkish outward FDI stock, over the period 1999-2005 years using panel data random effects techniqu...

  14. A Controlled Evaluation of a School-Based Obesity Prevention in Turkish School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toruner, Ebru Kilicarslan; Savaser, Sevim

    2010-01-01

    This research was conducted to assess the effect of a weight management program in Turkish school children with overweight and obesity. Forty one students formed the intervention group while 40 students formed the control group in two elementary schools. Students in intervention group were given seven training sessions in a period of 2.5 months.…

  15. Relationship between sleep duration and dietary intake in 4- to 14-year-old Danish children

    OpenAIRE

    Hoppe, Camilla; Rothausen, Berit Worm; Biltoft-jensen, Anja Pia; Matthiessen, Jeppe; Groth, Margit Velsing; Chaput, Jean-philippe; Tetens, Inge

    2013-01-01

    A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present cross-sectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14...

  16. Quality of Life in Under-14-Year-Old Children After Adenotonsillectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fathollah Behnoud

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy is one of the most frequent surgical procedures especially in children. Several indications and contraindications have been suggested for this procedure. The benefits and the negative results of this operation have been studied by different researchers; nevertheless, to date, it is still a common procedure. The main purpose of this study is to obtain extensive information on the outcomes of adenotonsillectomy, according to the patient's physical, emotional and behavioral changes and also on the overall changes in his/her quality of life (QOL. Materials and Methods: All the children, aged 1-14, referred to the Besat Hospital clinics (Hamadan, Iran between March 2008 and March 2009 were included in this study. Overall, 86 children with documented indications underwent adenotonsillectomy, and were followed up for one year.  Two modified standard questionnaires for QOL were completed before and one year after the tonsillectomy. Upon the completion of this two-year study, statistical analyses were performed, and the demographic data of the study groups were compared with those of a same-age group. Results: Changes were observed in five main complaints as follow: Acute Recurrent tonsillitis was present in 86 patients preoperatively, but in only three cases postoperatively (pharyngitis. Confirmed chronic sinusitis was present in 24 patients preoperatively, but only in three cases during the year after the surgery. Oral breathing was seen in 82 patients preoperatively, but only in one patient during the year after the surgery. Nocturnal snoring was seen in 83 children preoperatively, but in 25 cases during the year after the surgery. Halitosis was present in 71 patients, while and halitosis was seen in 27 during the year after the surgery. Conclusion: Overall, the majority of the parameters studied showed significant differences after surgery.

  17. Quality of Life in Under-14-Year-Old Children After Adenotonsillectomy

    OpenAIRE

    Fathollah Behnoud; Saadat Torabian

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: Tonsillectomy with or without adenoidectomy is one of the most frequent surgical procedures especially in children. Several indications and contraindications have been suggested for this procedure. The benefits and the negative results of this operation have been studied by different researchers; nevertheless, to date, it is still a common procedure. The main purpose of this study is to obtain extensive information on the outcomes of adenotonsillectomy, according to the patient'...

  18. Mucin-producing Malignant Tumor of Lower Eyelid Presenting in a 14-year-old Patient

    OpenAIRE

    Latorre, Andrea; Alghothani, Lana; Lambert, David; Jatana, Kris R.; Peters, Sara; Foster, Jill; Hill, Robert

    2012-01-01

    Malignancies of the ocular adnexa are rare, aggressive tumors with significant potential for local recurrence and metastases. Although basal cell carcinoma remains the most common malignancy of the eyelid, encompassing more than 90 percent of all periocular cancers, several other malignant neoplasms have been reported. Malignant ocular adnexal neoplasms are most commonly of sweat gland origin and include hidradenocarcinoma, mucinous eccrine adenocarcinoma, and apocrine adenocarcinoma of the g...

  19. Diet Determines Features of the Metabolic Syndrome in 6-to 14-Year-Old Children

    OpenAIRE

    Aeberli, I.; Spinas, G. A.; Lehmann, R.; I Allemand, D.; Molinari, L.; Zimmermann, M. B.

    2009-01-01

    Background/Objectives: Insulin resistance (IR) and hypertension are common in overweight children, and the adipocyte-derived hormones resistin, adiponectin, and leptin may modulate IR and blood pressure (BP). Few data exist in children on dietary determinants of IR, BP, or leptin, and no data exist on dietary determinants of resistin and adiponectin. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate dietary determinants of IR, BP, resistin, adiponectin, and leptin concentrations, as w...

  20. Diet determines features of the metabolic syndrome in 6- to 14-year-old children

    OpenAIRE

    Aeberli, I.; Spinas, G. A.; Lehmann, R.; L Allemand, D.; Molinari, L.; Zimmermann, M. B.

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Insulin resistance (IR) and hypertension are common in overweight children, and the adipocyte-derived hormones resistin, adiponectin, and leptin may modulate IR and blood pressure (BP). Few data exist in children on dietary determinants of IR, BP, or leptin, and no data exist on dietary determinants of resistin and adiponectin. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate dietary determinants of IR, BP, resistin, adiponectin, and leptin concentrations, as w...

  1. Alveolar soft part sarcoma of tongue in 14-year-old boy

    OpenAIRE

    Kinger, Mallika; Chakrabarti, Preeti; Varma, Amit; Doshi, Bhavesh

    2014-01-01

    Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare, aggressive malignancy of uncertain histological origin with propensity of vascular invasion and distant metastasis. ASPS demonstrates strong predilection for adolescents and young adults with a female preponderance. The head and neck region is the commonly affected region in the pediatric population with orbit and tongue being most common. The indolent clinical course and asymptomatic nature often leads to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. Herein...

  2. The development of clear speech strategies in 9-14 year olds

    OpenAIRE

    Pettinato, M.; Hazan, V.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the development of global clear speech strategies of child talkers. Two groups of 20 talkers aged 9-10 (children) and 13-14 (teens) were recorded in pairs while they carried out spot the difference picture tasks, either hearing each other normally (NB condition) or with one talker hearing the other via a three-channel noise vocoder (VOC condition). Acoustic-phonetic analyses focused on the talker having to overcome the communication barrier. Data were compared to those...

  3. Turkey & Turkish foreign policy [electronic resource].

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Consists of approximately 16,000 pages and hundreds of tables, diagrams and pictures. Features information on Turkish history, economy, social and cultural life, foreign policy, plus texts of bilateral and multilateral agreements and samples of Turkish music.

  4. Üniversitelerdeki Türk Dili Dersi ve Türkçe Konusundaki Olumsuz Tutumlar Turkish Language Classes at Universities and Negative Attitude on Turkish Language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa KARATA?

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Everyone has linguistic competence as soon as the birth and with this competence he gets his mother tongue. Since he perceives the world, he goes ahead learning his native language first from his mother and the environs. The learning process goes on both at school and lifelong other than school. In Turkish education system, Turkish languageeducation as a native language starts at primary education andcontinues until university process. Turkish language is taught in thename of compulsory ‘Turkish Language’ at all departments exceptTurkish Language and Literature Departments. The importance and thenecessity of the lesson have always been contentious question. Latterly,the elimination of the lesson has been planned.There are considerable problems in Turkish language lessonstaught in the universities. There are many problems in this lesson suchas the name of the lesson, employee rights of lecturers, the inadequacyof physical capacity, bureaucratic annoyence, curriculum, educationmaterials and the problems on account of the students. However, themain problem of this lesson is the students’ ‘lack of conciousness oftheir native language’. Deprived of this conciousness, Turkish youthhas a ‘negative attitude’ on their mother tongue, Turkish language. Inthis study, with the aim of evaluating the university students’ attitudes,students’ attitudes are ascertained. The survey was applied to the firstclass students and the information except the accuracy foundacceptance in Turkish science is assessed as ‘negative attitude’.Throught the ‘Native Language Attitude Scale’ how Turkish languageeducation should be is specified. Her insan dünyaya geldi?inde dil yetisine sahiptir ve bu dil yetisiyle ana dilini edinir. Çevresindeki dünyay? alg?lamaya ba?lad??? andan itibaren ba?ta annesi olmak üzere çevresinden ana dilini ö?renmeye ba?lar. Bu ö?renme gerek okulda gerekse okul d???nda hayat boyu devam eder. Türk e?itim sisteminde, ana dili olarak Türkçenin e?itimi ilkö?retimin birinci kademesinde ba?lay?p üniversite e?itimi sürecine kadar devam etmektedir. Bu sürecin son basama?? olan üniversitelerde Türkçe e?itimi, Türk dili ve edebiyat? bölümleri d???ndaki tüm bölümlerde ortak zorunlu “Türk Dili” ad?yla verilmektedir. Bu dersin üniversitelerde okutulmaya ba?lamas?ndan bugüne kadar dersin önemi veya gereklili?i daima tart???lm??t?r. Son dönemlerde ise art?k dersin kald?r?lmas? planlanmaktad?r.Üniversitelerde okutulan ortak zorunlu “Türk Dili” dersinin uygulanmas?nda önemli sorunlar ya?anmaktad?r. Bu dersle ilgili; dersin ad?, okutmanl?k mesle?inin özlük haklar?, fizikî ?artlar?n yetersizli?i, bürokratik s?k?nt?lar, müfredat, e?itim ve ö?retim malzemesi ve ö?renciden kaynaklanan birçok sorun bulunmaktad?r. Ancak bu dersle ilgili temel sorun, “Türkçe ana dili bilinci”nin çocuklara kazand?r?lamam?? olmas?d?r. Bu bilinçten yoksun b?rak?lan Türk gençleri, ana dilleri olan Türkçe konusunda “olumsuz tutum” sahibi olmaktad?rlar. Bu çal??mada, üniversite ö?rencilerinin Türkçe ile ilgili tutumlar?n? ölçmek amac?yla birinci s?n?f ö?rencilerine uygulanan sormaca (anket ile bu ö?rencilerin ana dillerine kar?? olan tutumlar? tespit edilmi? ve Türklük biliminde genel kabul görmü? do?rular d???ndaki bilgiler “olumsuz tutum” olarak de?erlendirilmi?tir. Bu “ana dili tutum ölçe?i” arac?l???yla “Türkçe, Türk dili” e?itiminin nas?l olmas? gerekti?i belirtilmi?tir.

  5. CONTRIBUTION TO TURKISH LANGUAGE MAP: IN LEBANON TURKS AND TURKISH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özgür Kas?m AYDEM?R

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Article, field study within the borders of Lebanon, aims to share general information on issues to be spoken Turkish. Today, as much as 30000 citizens living in Lebanon for nearly 12000 to be registered. Most of these countries are settled in 1940 after the Turks to come to work. However, the Turks settled in Lebanon after 1940, as well as the more they leave any kind of Arabic language features that reflect the geography of this work is not subject to due. In this study, the number 13200 Turkmen living in this region in the 13th century, which approximate number 9000, 19th living within the borders of Lebanon since the end of the century the Turks and their language is focused on the muhajir of Crete. Turkish Arabic code to be very little in common other than being lived copying the two ethnic groups and languages, should be evaluated in this study suggest that under separate headings. The field of our work in the year 2013 in accordance with the data obtained from the first one into the dialect characteristics of Turkish spoken in Lebanon, and the general features of the language used in the submitted article. Thus, in order to map received Turkish Language in Lebanon, based on the contribution to the field study aimed to achieve. Because the Turkish language is spoken within the borders of Lebanon, UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage are evaluated according to the criteria in the endangered languages program, "critically endangered" we have to mention that.

  6. Postmaterialism, new environmental paradigm and ecocentric approach: A qualitative and quantitative study of environmental attitudes of Turkish senior high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taskin, Ozgur

    The present study aims to elucidate the determinant factors that affect environmental attitudes (EA) of senior high school students in Turkey and the origins of these EAs. Over nine hundred students from different school types, neighborhoods, geographical regions, social-economic backgrounds participated in the questionnaire based surveys which are called the New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) and the General Attitudes and Perceptions (GAP), and twenty of those students were interviewed as well. Survey results show that EAs of students vary depending on school type, gender, parents' education levels and professions, and household income. Normal public high school students, females, lower-middle class students, students with well educated parents in white collar professions, and student with liberal parents have more pro-environmental attitudes than the others. With regard to school type, students from public technical high school (vocational school), almost all of which are based on single-sex education, have scored the lowest on both surveys which are the NEP and the GAP. The results from the qualitative portion are as follows: Students' perceptions about the environment and related issues are limited to their local habitat. Although the mean scores of students on both surveys do not differ to a statistically significant extent depending on geographical regions, interviews show that participants from different regions have distinct priorities, which range from poverty to sea pollution. Even though students' first priority in their lives is education, education is perceived as a mechanism to achieve a more prosperous life rather than an end in itself. Almost all interview participants agree on the importance of education in shaping EAs. Interestingly, some interviewees (four out of ten males) also comment that a man's sense of his own masculinity can be threatened when confronted by another man to change his attitude towards the environment.

  7. Turkish Cypriot literature course in emerging cultural and educational policies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pehlivan, A.

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, certain political changes have occurred in the Turkish Cypriot community with the accession of Cyprus to the European Union. Policies and parties in favor of this accession accepted the idea of a united Cyprus; the majority of the Turkish Cypriots (65% voted in favor of a Cypriot identity. Such political transformations affected education as well. As one of the results of these new policies, a course entitled “Turkish Cypriot Literature” was introduced in schools. In this article we report a study on the ideology, content and instruction of the TCL course. In this study a questionnaire was given to high school teachers and students in order to find out their views about the ideology, content and instruction of the course. In addition, the authors of the TCL literary history were interviewed to gather their views on the content and ideology of the course. This study shows that a new ideology has been accepted by teachers, students and the authors of literary history. According to them the TCL course helps to contribute to the Turkish Cypriot culture and its values. In regard to the content of the TCL course it can be noted that the content of TCL is accepted by both the teachers and the students. However, the authors of the TCL literary history point to the fact that there are deficiencies and irrelevant subjects in the content of the TCL courses. The other research question of the study is to determine the views of the teachers and the students on the way TCL is taught. The teachers and the students are hesitant about the effectiveness of such instruction.

  8. Quantitative Developments in Turkish Higher Education since 1933

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asl? GÜNAY

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, quantitative developments in Turkish higher education during the Republic period from 1933, when the first university was established, to date are tried to be demonstrated. In parallel with this purpose, first, establishment dates of universities, number of universities by years as well as number of universities established during the periods of each presidents of Turkish Council of Higher Education are listed. Also, spread to all provinces as of 2008, the distribution of the number of universities with regard to provinces is given. On the other hand, development of Turkish higher education by years is examined by using several quantitative indicators about higher education. Thus, number of students in higher education, total number of academic staffs as well as those with PhD, improvement in the number of students per academic staff and higher education gross enrollment rates by years are shown. Furthermore, especially for big provinces in Turkey (Ankara, ?stanbul and ?zmir number of universities, number of students in higher education and higher education gross enrollment rates are provided. Distribution of higher education students according to higher education institutions, higher education programs and education types in 2011 is presented as well as distribution of academic staffs according to higher education institutions and information about their academic positions. In addition, quantitative data about higher education bachelor and associate degrees (numbers of programs types, programs, quotas and placed students in 2010 is given. Finally, the position of Turkish higher education in the world with respect to the number of academic publications and the change in the number of academic publications per staff by years are analyzed.

  9. ?lkö?retim 5. S?n?f Türkçe Ders Kitab?ndaki Deyim Varl???n?n Ö?rencilerin Al?c? Söz Varl???na Katk?s? The Effect of Idioms in Primary Education 5. Grade Turkish Course Book on Students Receptive Vocabulary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mediha MANGIR

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The mother tongue is the first acquired language by individuals infamily and the society they born. While the family and inner circle areeffective in teaching mother tongue until the school age, by the way ofeducational institutions this teaching becomes more systematic.In Turkey primary schools are the leading institutions undertakesmother tongue teaching. These schools try to teach word attack skillsby predetermined programs and course books. According to PrimaryEducation Turkish program by means of the language education,students should have enough reading and listening skills to understandwhat they read and listen, and have enough speaking and writing skillsto express their needs, emotions and ideas.Turkish course book is an important means to develop student’slanguage skills. In Turkey for a lot of students writing activities islimited with texts in the course books. Thus the text in course booksshould represent Turkish vocabulary in every respect. The idioms,which express concepts and some certain situations withmetaphorically, are the intangible parts of the Turkish culture. Theseimportant components should be taught to children systematically.The 5. Grade students are regarded at the beginning of formaloperation as of cognitive development. This period is ideal to teachidioms and make these idioms permanent in their receptive vocabulary.But which idioms teach initially isn’t indicated obviously in TurkishCurriculum.In this study, ascertaining the idioms in Turkish course book(2012 and evaluation of them in terms of their being idiom process.Moreover the contribution of these idioms (according to their type totexts in Turkish course book will be discussed. Ana dili, bireyin içinde do?up büyüdü?ü aile ya da toplum çevresinde ilk ö?rendi?i dildir. Ana dili ö?retiminde aile ve yak?n çevre okul ça??na kadar etkili olurken, e?itim kurumlar? arac?l???yla ana dili ö?retimi daha sistemli bir hâl al?r.Türkiye’de ilkö?retim okullar?, ana dili ö?retimini üstlenen e?itim kurumlar?n?n ba??nda gelir. Bu okullar, ö?rencilere belirlenmi? bir program üzerinden ders kitaplar? arac?l???yla dilin anlama ve anlatma becerilerini kazand?rmaya çal???rlar. ?lkö?retim Türkçe program?na göre ö?renciler, ald?klar? dil e?itimiyle, okuduklar?n? ve dinlediklerini anlayacak kadar okuma ve dinleme becerisi; isteklerini, duygular?n? ve dü?üncelerini anlatacak kadar da konu?ma ve yazma becerisi kazanmal?d?r.Türkçe ders kitab?, ö?rencilerin dil becerilerini geli?tirmelerinde önemli bir araçt?r. Türkiye’de birçok ö?renci için okumaya yönelik etkinlikler sadece ders kitab?ndaki metinlerle s?n?rl?d?r. Bu sebeple kitaplarda yer alacak metinler, Türkçenin söz varl??? ögelerinin iyi ?ekilde yans?t?ld??? metinler olmal?d?r. Kavramlar? ve belli durumlar? mecaz yoluyla anlatan deyimler, Türk kültürünün manevi parçalar?ndan biridir. Sözlü kültürün bu önemli ögeleri, ö?rencilerin söz varl???na sistemli bir ?ekilde kazand?r?lmal?d?r.?lkö?retim 5. s?n?f ö?rencileri bili?sel geli?im olarak soyut dönemin ba??nda de?erlendirilirler. Bu dönem deyimlerin ö?retilmesi, ö?rencilerin al?c? söz varl???na kazand?r?lmas? için ideal zamand?r. Ancak hangi deyimlerin öncelikli olarak ö?retilece?i Türkçe ö?retim program?nda da aç?k olarak belirtilmemi?tir.Bu çal??mada, ?lkö?retim Türkçe 5 Ders Kitab? (2012’nda yer alan deyimlerin tespit edilmesi ve deyimle?me dereceleri bak?m?ndan de?erlendirilmeleri amaçlanm??t?r. Bunun yan?nda, metinlerde derecelerine göre yer alan deyimlerin ö?rencilerin söz varl?klar?na katk?s? üzerinde durulacakt?r.

  10. The Rise Of English Teaching ?n Turkish Curriculum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hümeyra TÜRED?

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available It has become a neccessity that individuals and indirectly the countries must know a foreign language to carry forward their international relations in social, political and economic fields. In today’s world English is extensively taught in many countries as a second language and among the reasons of this, some commercial, culturel and social reasons can be expressed. It has been stated that English is international science language as well as the language of mass communication like computer and television and there is no doubt that at the present day the global language is English. This paper discusses how and why English language has become very popular in Turkish educational system while historically French was the most dominant language in Turkish curriculum during the Otoman Period and in the Republican era. German has also been taught along with French and English in Turkish schools for a considerable period of time. However, in early 1980’s French and German languages have dropped from the curriculum and English has become the most prominent foreign language that has been taught in the nation’s schools and in many cases French and German have been made as elective courses to be taken by a few students. In short, this study investigates the historical developments of foreign languages especially English in Turkish curriculum.

  11. Examining Psychological Well-Being and Self-Esteem Levels of Turkish Students in Gaining Identity against Role during Conflict Periods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isiklar, Abdullah

    2012-01-01

    In this research, university students' psychological well being and self-esteem levels are investigated in terms of a number of variables. The sample in this study is composed of 382 university students. To gather the data for this study, the Subjective Information Form, Psychological Well-Being Scale and Self-Esteem Scale are used. T tests and…

  12. An Analysis of English Language Teaching Coursebooks by Turkish Writers: "Let's Speak English 7" Example

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tekir, Serpil; Arikan, Arda

    2007-01-01

    It is known that English language coursebooks written by Turkish writers is widely used in Turkey although much research is needed to assess their quality as educational materials. In this research study, opinions of 7th grade students' and teachers' on "Let's Speak English 7" were studied through teacher and student questionnaires containing…

  13. Turkish Classroom Teachers' Views on School Readiness: A Phenomenological Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotaman, Huseyin

    2014-01-01

    In a democratic education system, it is important to provide equal opportunity to every child. Both educators and researchers acknowledge a gap between students who attend school ready to learn and those who do not. School readiness prepares students for this learning. The purpose of the study was to ascertain Turkish classroom teachers'…

  14. Second-Generation Turkish Youth in Europe: Explaining the Academic Disadvantage in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Steve

    2011-01-01

    This investigation examines the role of students' home and school variables in producing the achievement gap between second-generation Turkish students and their native peers in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland. Using the data from PISA 2006, this study supports past findings that both home and school resources affect the educational outcomes of…

  15. The Relationship between Gender and Classroom Environment in Turkish Science Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welch, Anita G.; Cakir, Mustafa; Peterson, Claudette M.; Ray, Christopher M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of gender between actual and preferred classroom environment and use of technology in the science classroom of Turkish students. Employing stratified random sampling procedures, data were collected from 985 students from schools across twelve different districts in Istanbul, Turkey. The…

  16. ADAPTING ONLINE SELF-REGULATED LEARNING SCALE INTO TURKISH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ozgen KORKMAZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine online self-regulated learning levels of students by adapting “Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale” designed by Barnard and his colleagues into Turkish. Present study, irrespective of being a scale analysis, is at the same time a qualitative research. It is executed via scan model. Study group of research consists of collectively 222 students. Firstly the original scale has been translated by two educational technologists who are efficient in both Turkish and English languages. The validity of scale’s original factor structure within Turkish culture has been tested via confirmatory factor analysis. In order to measure the reliability of scale, internal consistency analyses have been conducted on data. In order to detect self-regulated learning levels of students; frequency, percentage, arithmetical means, standard deviation and t tests have been employed. In differentiation analyses p<0,05 significance level has been considered sufficient. As a result it can reasonably be argued that “Online Self-Regulated Learning Scale” is a valid and reliable scale that can be employed in detecting online self-regulated learning levels of university students in Turkey. Additionally below given results have been obtained regarding students’ online self-regulated learning levels: Students’ online self-regulated learning skills are generally higher and their highest level of skills is “structuring the environment”, whereas the lowest skill is “goal setting”. Online self-regulated learning levels of students from Social Sciences Teaching Department are meaningfully lower than the students’ online self-regulated learning levels from other departments.

  17. Turkish students’ perceptions of professionalism at the beginning and at the end of medical education: a cross-sectional qualitative study

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    Mustafa Volkan Kavas

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Medical students’ perceptions of professionalism might reflect the impact of the current educational processes on their professional identity development. This study focuses on Ankara University Faculty of Medicine students’ perceptions of ‘good doctor’ along with the factors effective on the formation of these perceptions. Method: Six focus groups with 59 medical students from Grade-1 and Grade-6 were held. The transcripts of discussions were analyzed thematically. Results: Results regarding ‘being a good physician’ mostly mirrored the findings of previous studies framing the medical professionalism concept. The thematic pattern of the discussions on the relation between professional development and medical education suggests that students suffer from a gradual erosion of perception during medical education. That the education cannot either change the person for the better or might downgrade the person instead of improving her/him were shared by participants from both grades. Students consider clinical practice and role models two main variables determining the person's qualification as a professional. Conclusions: The formal and hidden programs determine the quality and efficacy of the professional education together. Attempts to restructure medical education must recognize the reciprocal dynamics between these two components and, thus, should carefully work out the practical aspect of the educational processes.

  18. Turkish students’ perceptions of professionalism at the beginning and at the end of medical education: a cross-sectional qualitative study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kavas, Mustafa Volkan; Demirören, Meral; Ko?an, Ay?en Melek Aytu?; Karahan, Süleyman Tuna; Yalim, Neyyire Yasemin

    2015-01-01

    Aim Medical students’ perceptions of professionalism might reflect the impact of the current educational processes on their professional identity development. This study focuses on Ankara University Faculty of Medicine students’ perceptions of ‘good doctor’ along with the factors effective on the formation of these perceptions. Method Six focus groups with 59 medical students from Grade-1 and Grade-6 were held. The transcripts of discussions were analyzed thematically. Results Results regarding ‘being a good physician’ mostly mirrored the findings of previous studies framing the medical professionalism concept. The thematic pattern of the discussions on the relation between professional development and medical education suggests that students suffer from a gradual erosion of perception during medical education. That the education cannot either change the person for the better or might downgrade the person instead of improving her/him were shared by participants from both grades. Students consider clinical practice and role models two main variables determining the person's qualification as a professional. Conclusions The formal and hidden programs determine the quality and efficacy of the professional education together. Attempts to restructure medical education must recognize the reciprocal dynamics between these two components and, thus, should carefully work out the practical aspect of the educational processes. PMID:25795382

  19. Effectiveness of Learning Strategies over Reading Comprehension, Writing Skills and Learners’ Attitudes towards Turkish Course

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    ?. Dilek BELET

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This study, which attempts to determine the effectiveness of learning strategies on reading comprehension, writing skills and learners’ attitudes towards theirTurkish course, was carried out by the controlled pre/posttest model of the experimental model. The study subjects were 5-A and 5-B groups attending Ahmet Olcay Primary School throughout 2004-2005 academic year in the fall semester. There were 22 students in the experimental group, 21 students in the control group, totally 43 students participated in this study. Data collection process was achieved through an academic achievement test, developed by the researcher, course materials, structured observation forms and the “Attitude Scale Regarding Turkish Course” developed by Acat (2000. According to the findings of the study: reading comprehension skills, writing skills and attitudes towards the Turkish course were developed via learning strategies.

  20. The Turkish Minority in Bulgaria

    OpenAIRE

    Marina Liakova

    2012-01-01

    The Turks constitute the largest ethnic minority in Bulgaria. The Turkish minority is well represented in politics and public administration, but it only marginally takes part in social and economic life in Bulgaria. In the public perception of the ethnic Bulgarians negative attitudes towards “the Turks” and Islam prevail, which can be traced back to the Ottoman era.

  1. Structure and meaning features of the root verbs in Turkish

    OpenAIRE

    Mehmet Gedizli

    2013-01-01

    Turkish is a rich language in terms of verb types and words. This research is limited to Turkish spoken in Turkey, and its verb roots. Turkish dictionary of Turkish Language Association (2011) is the main source of this study. This study was prepared by taking into account of written, audio and visual resources during the period of Turkish spoken in Turkey. From basic education to university education, this dictionary is one of the most important sources of Turkish lessons. Within this framew...

  2. USE OF THE STORIES FORMED WITH DRAMA IN TURKISH EDUCATION

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    Ömer Tu?rul KARA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available New Turkish Program has been based upon activities that will provide participation of students to the educational process. Story formation with drama which is one of the most suitable activities to actualize requirements of the Turkish education is to animate improvised or proverbial stories using drama techniques. What has been meant with the expression of story formation in drama studies is to accommodate story genre into animation of other genres including texts based upon events rather than dramatization of the genre’s itself. Through the animation of the story, the student will have the opportunity of examining, analyzing and solving the problems related to real life. While concepts such as hero, target, obstacle /event have been the primary elements of story formation, concepts such as speech line and metaxis (dramatic existence are the secondary elements. There can be provided the acquisition of four basic language abilities to be actualized, association of linguistic concepts with daily life and exposure of a hidden ability into the light through the stories formed with drama in Turkish lessons. This study has been carried out using the scanning model and relevant researches within the bounds of the subject have been benefited.

  3. Loneliness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction as predictors of Internet addiction: a cross-sectional study among Turkish university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozoglan, Bahadir; Demirer, Veysel; Sahin, Ismail

    2013-08-01

    This study investigated the relationship among loneliness, self-esteem, life satisfaction, and Internet addiction. Participants were 384 university students (114 males, 270 females) from 18 to 24 years old from the faculty of education in Turkey. The Internet Addiction, UCLA Loneliness, Self-esteem, and Life Satisfaction scales were distributed to about 1000 university students, and 38.4% completed the survey (see Appendix A and B). It was found that loneliness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction explained 38% of the total variance in Internet addiction. Loneliness was the most important variable associated with Internet addiction and its subscales. Loneliness and self-esteem together explained time-management problems and interpersonal and health problems while loneliness, self-esteem, and life satisfaction together explained only the interpersonal and health problems subscales. PMID:23577670

  4. Web Based Reputation Index of Turkish Universities

    OpenAIRE

    Arslan, Mehmet Lutfi; Seker, Sadi Evren

    2014-01-01

    This paper attempts to develop an online reputation index of Turkish universities through their online impact and effectiveness. Using 16 different web based parameters and employing normalization process of the results, we have ranked websites of Turkish universities in terms of their web presence. This index is first attempt to determine the tools of reputation of Turkish academic websites and would be a basis for further studies to examine the relation between reputation ...

  5. Sociological analysis of contemporary Turkish political elites

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Arslan, D.

    2007-01-01

    This study was designed to find general characteristics of Contemporary Turkish political Elites since 1995 up to date. Social background characteristics were employed to realise the purposes. Documentary and historical research techniques were used during the study. As a result of examining the Contemporary Turkish political elites (since 1995 up to 2005) these major findings were discovered: the large majority of the Turkish parliamentary elites were well educated, male, middle aged, marrie...

  6. Exotic crustaceans of the Turkish coast

    OpenAIRE

    Suat Ates, A.; Tuncer Katagan; Murat Sezgin, Et Al

    2013-01-01

    A total of 50 exotic species (19 Brachyura, 19 Natantia, 2 Stomatopoda ,6 Amphipoda, 1 Cumacea, 2 Isopoda, and 1 Cirripedia) of crustaceans are reported from the Turkish coast. Exotic crustaceans of the Turkish Seas comprises of approximately 48% of the fauna constituted by invasive species, introduced from the Levantine basin of the Mediterranean. About 34% of invasive crustaceans found on the Turkish coast are Indo-west Pacific origin. Decapods constitute majority of the species with a domi...

  7. Dietary Knowledge, Behaviours and Attitudes of Students of Public School in a Northeastern City in Brazil

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    Marize Melo dos Santos

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This quasi-experimental intervention was conducted with 10- to 14-year-old students enrolled in public schools in Teresina, Brazil, to evaluate the effects of a nutritional education program on the students’ knowledge, behaviour and attitudes towards nutrition. The dietary attitudes were evaluated in terms of food tastes/preferences and food behaviours. The participants in the study included 126 students from four schools. Differences between before and after the intervention were found regarding knowledge about the “food pyramid”, “healthy eating” and “nutrients” (p

  8. Genetic relationships among Turkish sheep

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    Kaya Mehmet

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Genetic relationships among Turkish sheep breeds were analysed on the basis of 30 microsatellite markers. Phylogenetic analyses based on the estimation of genetic distances revealed the closest relationships for the Akkaraman, Morkaraman and Tuj breeds, which were clearly differentiated from the others in the dendrogram. Our pattern was completely confirmed by results from the Factorial Correspondence Analysis. All the results described analysing either population parameters or individuals revealed a clear separation between the fat-tailed group and the others. These results, based on nuclear DNA, are discussed along with those already reported for these breeds through the investigation of mitochondrial DNA, which had revealed the invaluable significance of the genetic background of these Turkish sheep.

  9. Genetic relationships among Turkish sheep

    OpenAIRE

    Kaya Mehmet; Saatci Mustafa; Primitivo Fermín; Arranz Juan-José; Gutiérrez-Gil Beatriz; Uzun Metehan; Bayón Yolanda

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Genetic relationships among Turkish sheep breeds were analysed on the basis of 30 microsatellite markers. Phylogenetic analyses based on the estimation of genetic distances revealed the closest relationships for the Akkaraman, Morkaraman and Tuj breeds, which were clearly differentiated from the others in the dendrogram. Our pattern was completely confirmed by results from the Factorial Correspondence Analysis. All the results described analysing either population parameters or indiv...

  10. Evaluation of learning and teaching process in Turkish courses

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    Eyyup CO?KUN

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available A radical educational reform occurred in Turkey in 2005; and curriculum of primary education courses was renewed. New curriculum was prepared based on constructivist approach. In this scope, curriculum of Turkish course was also renewed. This study aimsat evaluating applications and opinions of teachers and students about learning and teaching process prescribed in Turkish Course (1st-5th Grades Curriculum. Within the scope of the study, semi-structured interview was made with 10 teachers and 12 students.In addition, process teaching a text was evaluated via structured observation method in 5 different classes. According to the results of the study, primary school teachers find some stages in learning – teaching process prescribed in the curriculum unnecessary andtherefore do not apply them. Teachers mentioned that some texts are above the student level; and they sometimes experience time and material problems. It was seen in the present study that teachers do not have enough information about learning and teachingprocess in the new curriculum; they do not have high success levels in the applications; and they usually do not apply the forms for evaluating the process in the curriculum. It was found out that, in spite of these problems, courses are student-centred as prescribed inthe curriculum; and students have positive opinions about stages of learning and teaching process.

  11. Foucault and Foucault Bibliography in Turkish Language

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    Sever I??k

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Foucault, a prominent philosopher of the twenteeth century, had quite on impact on philosophy, politics, history, sociology, literature, art and so on. Foucault’s works were translated into Turkish in the late 1980s and more frequently in the 1990s and in the early 2000’s, they were almost complete. Foucault, who is frequently referred in Turkish thought world, has been translation book, article and test subject fort the last two decades. Foucault entrance to Turkish literature shows parallelism with postmodernism debate in Turkish philosophy. The purpose of this bibliography is to make on inventory for Foucault’s works translated into Turkish and works and writings and about him, in order to provide convenience for the people who study Foucault.

  12. Determinants of Condom Use Intentions and Behavior among Turkish Youth: A Theoretically Based Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozakinci, Gozde; Weinman, John A.

    2006-01-01

    The assumptions of two social cognition models, the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, 1991) and the Health Belief Model (Rosenstock, 1974) are examined in 2 samples of Turkish university students: sexually active and sexually inactive. For sexually inactive participants, perceived benefits of condom use and self-efficacy beliefs regarding condom…

  13. The Validity, Reliability and Factorial Structure of the Turkish Version of the Tromso Social Intelligence Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dogan, Tayfun; Cetin, Bayram

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Tromso Social Intelligence Scale (TSIS) developed by Silvera, Martinussen, and Dahl (2001). 719 students from Sakarya University participated in the study. Construct validity and criterion related validity and reliability were assessed.…

  14. The adaptation study of oral communication strategy inventory into Turkish

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    Mehtap Kavaso?lu

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Individuals use a variety of strategies in the course of speaking which can be identified via measurement tools. In the literature, strategy inventories are regarded as the most commonly used measurement tools. However, most of the strategy inventories lack the reliability and validity studies. Furthermore, most of them represent strategies that the learner could use throughout the language learning process and they are not directly relevant to the skill of speaking. Moreover, in the literature, most of the studies carried out on speaking strategies are based on the inventories developed for learners learning English as a second language. With respect to other measurement tools, Oral Communication Strategy Inventory (OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 for Japanese learning English as a foreign language had a clear factor structure and it seemed less problematic. Thus, the purpose of this study was to adapt OCSI into Turkish. Our concern in the adaptation study of OCSI is to investigate whether oral communication strategies classified in OCSI developed by Nakatani (2006 would also measure Turkish EFL students’ speaking strategy use.Within the scope of adaptation study, the inventory was translated to Turkish and evaluated with the method of back translation. The equivalence between English form and Turkish form, construct validity and internal consistency were examined. The research was conducted with 808 students studying English as a foreign language at ELT departments of three different universities and Anatolian High schools. Based on the findings concerning the reliability and validity studies, it can be concluded that the classification of the original form of OCSI differs from the adapted version to some extent in that the Turkish form is made up of seven factors in contrast to the original inventory consisting of eight factors. Non verbal strategies which existed in Nakatani’s original inventory did not appear in the adaptation form. Instead, the items that consist of nonverbal strategies gave loadings to negotiation for meaning strategies, which implies that the purpose of the interlocutors while using one strategy may be culture specific.

  15. The Turkish Version of the Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised

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    Pelin D. Catak

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The mindfulness approach to psychotherapy has become a topic of continuously growing scientific interest. In accordance with such interest, various self-report assessment tools have been developed to measure the mindfulness construct. The majority of the studies conducted to investigate the properties of these assessment instruments included Western populations. Thus, the measurement of mindfulness in non-Western cultures still requires further research. Based on this premise, the psychometric properties of the 10 item Cognitive and Affective Mindfulness Scale-Revised (CAMS-R were investigated in two different studies using two non-clinical Turkish samples. In Study 1, the psychometric properties of the 10 item CAMS-R were examined in an undergraduate student sample (N = 265. Study 2 extended the examination of the psychometric properties of the CAMS-R to an adult community sample consisting of white-collar public employees (N = 88. The results of both studies showed that the Turkish CAMS-R possessed acceptable levels of internal consistency and the scale displayed convergent as well as concurrent validity. Statistically meaningful relationships were found between mindfulness as measures by Turkish CAMS-R and depression, anxiety, well-being as well as perceived stress. The findings from both studies suggest CAMS-R retains its psychometric properties when utilized in a non-Western culture and the Turkish version of CAMS-R is a valid instrument which can be used to measure mindfulness in the Turkish population.

  16. ECONOMIC ETHIC IN TURKISH PROVERBS

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    Abdullah ÖZBOLAT

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Economic ethic means sum of motifs and suggestions for the practical value and the preferred size in the regulating the daily lives of people. In this study that examines whether the attitude of economic ethic in proverbs, it has been argued in this study that proverbs have been inculcate an economic ethic to the Turkish society and proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism have not been consist of understanding of “a cardigan, a bite” (bir lokma, bir h?rka. Economic ethic that express an attitude against the world in the conceptual basis, on hand, is ascetism and fasting against leave from the path of God of goods of world on the other hand, is seeking of balance between for acquisition of property and maintaining a modest life as indispensable means. Individual in the economic ethic is in an effort to reconcile these two different poles relating to goods in the world. While forming the boundaries of this study proverbs that used in Turkey Turkish in the context of economic ethic, economic ethic in proverbs refers to properties such as halal earnings, frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence. It is possible to specify culture that inculcates accumulation and savings, it has been influence past experience such as hunger, famine and a religion that order to work in the forming of codes of historical and social meaning. Additionally it has been influence of seeking of balance of Sufi culture in the attitude against world and ethic in the proverbs. As a result, it refers to properties such as halal earnings frugality, thrift, temperance and diligence, proverbs in Turkey Turkish and it has not been with one-dimension of proverbs that happen with influence of the culture of Sufism.

  17. [Turkish pharmacopeias written in French].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tekiner, Halil; Mat, Afife

    2009-04-01

    It is necessary to highlight the considerable influence of the French science of pharmacy on the Ottoman pharmacy. The pharmacopeias published in Istanbul during the period of the Ottoman Empire were mostly written in French, in particular the Pharmacoée Militaire Ottomane (1844) by Dr. Charles Ambroise Bernard and the Dustur-ul Edviye (1874), a translation of the Pharmacopée Française (1866) by Prof. Huseyin Sabri. Today some Turkish pharmacists still consult references in French, particularly Dorvault's l'Officine and the Pharmacopée Française. PMID:19824343

  18. Impact of a Healthy Nails Program on Nail-Biting in Turkish Schoolchildren: A Controlled Pretest-Posttest Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ergun, Ayse; Toprak, Rumeysa; Sisman, Fatma Nevin

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to examine the effect of a healthy nails program on nail-biting in Turkish schoolchildren. This quasi-experimental study was of pretest-posttest control group design. A total of 50 students of a primary school formed the intervention group, while 53 students from the same school formed the control group. Data were…

  19. A Study on Developing "An Attitude Scale for Project and Performance Tasks for Turkish Language Leaching Course"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Tazegul

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to demonstrate the students' attitudes towards project and performance tasks in Turkish Lessons and to develop a reliable and valid measurement tool. A total of 461 junior high school students participated in this study. In this study, firstly the preparation of items, specialist be consulted (content…

  20. HISTORICAL VIEW OF CARDINAL VOWELS IN TURKISH

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    Fatih ÖZEK

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Turkish is a rich language in terms of presence of vowels. There are eight vowels that originated from the relationship between palatalité, aperture and labialité in terms of their characteristics in general Turkish. These are /a/, /e/, /?/, /i/, /o, /ö/, /u/ and /ü/. In general, /a/, /i/ and /u/ are considered as cardinal vowels in Turkish. According to this viewpoint, Turkish has a triple vowel system consisting of /a/, /i/ and /u/ in the periods when Turkish could not be pursued in writing. /e/, /?/, /o, /ö/ and /ü/ vowels have also originated from these three cardinal vowels. Thus, our study is limited to a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels. Periodical restriction of the study is Historical Turkish Dialects Köktürk, Uighur, Karakhanid, Khorezmian, Kipchak, Chagatai and Old Oghuz Turkic languagesIn this study we are aiming to determine the following;1. Sources of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels in the historical Turkish dialects,2. Presence of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels in the first syllables and other than first syllables,3. Sound events taking place in the /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels and their reasons,4. relations of /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels among themselves and with the consonants,5. whether or not /a/, /i/ and /u/ vowels and sound events taking place in these vowels are determinative within a historical dialect.

  1. Acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early childhood

    OpenAIRE

    Zeliha Yaz?c?; Begümhan Yüksel; Münevver Can Ya?ar

    2010-01-01

    In this empirical study focuses on acquisition of Turkish of Russian-Turkish bilingual children in early childhood. The population of the study includes bilingual children at the age of 5 – 6 living in Antalya/Turkey. The sampling of the study consisted of 40 Russian-Turkish bilingual children in total (20 children are for control group and 20 children are for experiment group). During the collection of data have been used Descoeudres Dictionary Test (DDT) and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Tes...

  2. Internationalization of Turkish SMEs: An Empirical Study

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    Ahu Tugba Karabulut

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available More than 99% of enterprises in Turkey are SMEs (Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises. Turkish SMEs try toexpand into foreign markets. They want to increase their competitive advantages both in domestic and foreignmarkets. The purpose of this paper is to determine internationalization process and international processes ofTurkish SMEs. The study was conducted on 267 SMEs in Istanbul in Turkey. Frequency distibution analysesand Chi-square analyses were applied to the data. It is found out that Turkish SMEs internationalize gradually asit was explained in Uppsala Theory. Most of them focus on exporting.

  3. Content Based Compression of Turkish Documents

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    Banu Diri

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this study is to analyse the morphological structure of the Turkish documents. The new proposed method consists of lossless compressing the monograms, digrams, trigrams, roots-stems and suffixes individually using a statistical approach. In this work 1g, 2 g, 3 g, root-system and suffix frequencies have been computed for Turkish language. A tuned template has been prepared for each group. The compression of Turkish documents has been performed by using the static Huffman Coding for Word Based Dynamic Huffman has been measured.

  4. Türkçe Dersinde “Tablet Pc Pilot Uygulamas?”Yla Ö?retim Gören Ö?rencilerin Tutumlar?n? Belirlemeye Yönelik Ölçek Çal??mas? A Scale Study that Determines the Attitudes of the Students Who Study by "Pilot Application Of Tablet Pc” in Turkish Lesson

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süleyman BALCI

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study, it has been aimed to develop a valid and reliableattitude scale to determine first grade Primary school students'attitudes towards the use of tablet book in Turkish Language Teachingcourse . The scale was created by scanning field method on the basisof the expert opinions 20 items as a 5-point Likert-type which isdetermining the attitudes of the students towards the use of technologyproduct ( tablet pc in Turkish lesson take place in the draft scale. Thedraft scale applied on the two pilot elementary schools ’ 114 fifthgrade students studying in U?ak Ya?ar Akar Primary School and BingölFatih Primary School ; and the validity and reliability studies have beencarried out. Content validity of the scale were based on expert opinion.As a result of factor analysis for construct validity, a tree sub-dimensionscale describing the total variance of 59.92% percent between factorloadings .59 - .82 and consisting of 15 items were obtained. The itemsof scale include 10 positive and 5 negative expressions. The scale valueof Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin was found 81, Bartlett test of significance valuewas found .00 and the internal consistency coefficient of Cronbachalphawas found .84. In this sense, the lack of scale as a result of workdone in the field of Turkish seen as a shortcoming. This context theProject is implelemented in scools considered to contribute to the fieldscale was created from the data obtained. In addition, the use oftechnology for Turkish language course will be useful to conduct moredetailed studies are emerging. Bu ara?t?rmada, ?lkö?retim birinci kademe ö?rencilerinin Tablet kitab?n Türkçe dersinde kullan?lmas?na yönelik tutumlar?n? belirlemek için geçerli ve güvenilir bir tutum ölçe?i geli?tirilmesi amaçlanm??t?r. 20 maddeden olu?an 5’li likert tipi taslak ölçek, alan taramas? yap?larak ve uzman görü?leri al?narak olu?turulmu?tur. Ölçekte, ö?rencilerin Türkçe dersinde teknoloji ürünü (tablet pc kullan?m?na yönelik tutumlar?n? belirlemeye yarayan maddeler yer almaktad?r. Taslak ölçek FAT?H projesi kapsam?nda pilot bölge olarak seçilen U?ak ?l Merkezi Ya?ar Akar ?lkö?retim Okulu ile Bingöl ?l Merkezi ?MKB Fatih ?lkö?retim Okulu I. kademe 5. s?n?fta okuyan ö?rencilerden 114 ö?renciye uygulan?p, ölçe?in geçerlik ve güvenirlik çal??malar? yap?lm??t?r. Ölçe?in kapsam geçerlili?i uzman görü?leri al?narak sa?lanm??t?r. Yap? geçerlili?i için yap?lan faktör analizi sonucunda tutumlar? ölçmeyen 5 madde ç?kar?l?p 15 maddeden olu?an ve faktör yükleri .59-.82 aras?nda, toplam varyans?n % 60’?n? aç?klayan üç alt boyutu kapsayan bir ölçek elde edilmi?tir. Ölçek maddelerinin 10 tanesi olumlu, 5 tanesi olumsuz ifade içermektedir. Ölçe?in Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin de?eri .81, Bartlett testi anlaml?l?k de?eri .00 ve Cronbach-alpha iç tutarl?l?k katsay?s?n?n ise .84 oldu?u bulunmu?tur. Yap?lan ara?t?rmalar sonucunda, Türkçe dersi alan?nda, bu anlamda bir ölçe?in olmamas? bir eksiklik olarak görülmü?tür. Bu ba?lamda projenin uyguland??? okullardan elde edilen verilerden hareketle olu?turulan ölçe?in, alana katk? sa?layaca?? dü?ünülmektedir. Bunun yan?nda Türkçe dersinde teknolojinin kullan?lmas?na yönelik daha detayl? çal??malar?n yap?lmas?n?n da yararl? olaca?? gerçe?i ortaya ç?kmaktad?r.

  5. Services quality in a Turkish pension Company

    OpenAIRE

    Nguyen, Thi Ngoc Dung; Nguyen, Thi Thanh Thuy; Aygen, Ferzan Kanat

    2008-01-01

    A study on a Turkish Pension Company to find out customers' perception about services quality regarding to five dimensions in Rater model (reliablitity, assurance, tangibility, sympathy and responsiveness); from result of this study, the company can improve its services quality.

  6. Illness causal beliefs in Turkish immigrants

    OpenAIRE

    Klimidis Steven; Minas Harry; Tuncer Can

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background People hold a wide variety of beliefs concerning the causes of illness. Such beliefs vary across cultures and, among immigrants, may be influenced by many factors, including level of acculturation, gender, level of education, and experience of illness and treatment. This study examines illness causal beliefs in Turkish-immigrants in Australia. Methods Causal beliefs about somatic and mental illness were examined in a sample of 444 members of the Turkish population of Melbo...

  7. MEASURING THE EFFICIENCY OF TURKISH APPAREL RETAILERS

    OpenAIRE

    Erdumlu, Nazan; Saric?am, Canan

    2013-01-01

    This study analysed the efficiencies of Turkish apparel retailers in 2010 by using actual retail data based on the research conducted by PricewaterhouseCoopers and published in Turkish-Time periodical by using data envelopment analysis method in Excel Solver. The efficiencies of the retailers were evaluated in terms of overall technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency. In addition, input targets for each company were calculated in order to identify the improvement r...

  8. Political Cartoons in 1946 Turkish Elections

    OpenAIRE

    Baki Can

    2011-01-01

    1946 elections retain a different part and significance by many aspects. Certainly, 1946 elections were not the only significant election in Turkish political history. However, 1946 elections indicate a crossroad, a milestone. 1946 elections express an important stage in Turkish political history as of transition stages from Selçuklu to principalities, from principalities to Ottoman State, from Ottoman State to Republic. Therefore it is one of the most important exchanges.Transition to multi...

  9. Global New Turkish Lira Bond Issuances

    OpenAIRE

    Gormez, Yuksel; Yilmaz, Gokhan

    2007-01-01

    The objective of this study is to analyze current and likely future impacts of the issuance of New Turkish lira (YTL) denominated borrowing instruments by many global financial institutions around the major financial centres. These bonds are strong source of evidence for international confidence on stabilization efforts in Turkey and they are an indicator of bilateral acceptance of the de facto convertibility of YTL. They may also create an opportunity for the Turkish economy to mitigate nega...

  10. The Turkish interest groups in Brussels

    OpenAIRE

    Visier, Claire

    2009-01-01

    The Europeanisation approach covers a very broad spectrum, and the notion has been blurred by the extensive use that has been made of it by academics. Visier's analysis of Turkish interest groups in Brussels serves to highlight a gap between the currently problematic Turkey-EU membership process and the successful integration of these groups in the EU political arena in Brussels. By focusing on both the socialisation processes of Turkish interest groups' members and the collective trajectorie...

  11. The Turkish Adaptation of Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale: The Validity and Reliability Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa ?LHAN

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to adapt the Implicit Theory of Intelligence Scale (ITIS by Abd-El-Fattah and Yates (2006 to Turkish and to investigate its psychometric properties. The study was conducted on four different samples which consisted of 689 students who studied different subjects at the Ziya Gokalp Faculty of Education, Dicle University, during the Fall Term of the 2012-2013 Academic Year. The findings on the linguistic equivalence indicated that the correlation between the items included in the Turkish and original form varied between .81 and .96. The factor analysis concluded that the Turkish version had a two-factor structure in parallel with the original one. As for the concurrent validity, the calculation of correlation between the ITIS and AGOS reported findings similar to the ones in the literature. The reliability coefficients were over .70 for both the entity theory and incremental theory. The item analysis reported that the corrected item total correlations ranged from .33 and .63 and the differences between the top and bottom 27% groups were significant for all the items included in the scale. All these findings suggest that the Turkish version of the ITIS is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used to measure university students’ beliefs about intelligence.

  12. Exotic crustaceans of the Turkish coast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Suat Ates

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A total of 50 exotic species (19 Brachyura, 19 Natantia, 2 Stomatopoda ,6 Amphipoda, 1 Cumacea, 2 Isopoda, and 1 Cirripedia of crustaceans are reported from the Turkish coast. Exotic crustaceans of the Turkish Seas comprises of approximately 48% of the fauna constituted by invasive species, introduced from the Levantine basin of the Mediterranean. About 34% of invasive crustaceans found on the Turkish coast are Indo-west Pacific origin. Decapods constitute majority of the species with a dominance of 38%. Lowest dominace (2% was related to orders, Cumacea and Cirripedia a being that were represented by single species. When Levantine basin was compared to the Turkey coast, the shrimp species reported on the Turkish coast were 70% of the shrimp species of all Levantine basin. The exotic migrant crab of Indo-West Pacific, Charybdis helleri was found abundant on the entire Turkish coast of the Mediterranean. Brachyuran crab, Eurycarcinus integrifrons and the oisk shrimp, Palaemonella rotumana are the latest records of exotics for the Turkish Seas.

  13. Learning Styles Of The Turkish Teaching Students ( TÜRKÇE E??T?M? BÖLÜMÜ Ö?RENC?LER?N?N Ö?RENME ST?LLER? VE BUNLARIN ÇE??TL? DE???KENLERLE ?L??K?S?: GAZ? ÜN?VERS?TES? ÖRNE??

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tazegül DEM?R

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available ÖzetBu çal??mada, her seviyedeki ö?rencilerin bireysel farkl?l?klar?na ba?l? olarak farkl? ö?renme biçimleri oldu?u dü?üncesinden hareketle, Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n ö?renme stillerini ve bunlar?n, ö?rencilerin ö?renim alanlar?, cinsiyetleri ve mezun olduklar? liseyle olan ili?kisini tespit etmek amaçlanm??t?r. Ayr?ca çal??mada Kolb taraf?ndan ortaya konulan ve ö?rencilerin bireysel ö?renme farkl?l?klar?na (ö?renme stillerine dayanan ya?ant?ya dayal? (deneyime dayal? ö?renme modeli incelenmi?tir. Ara?t?rma, Gazi Üniversitesi Gazi E?itim Fakültesi Türkçe E?itimi Bölümünde ö?renim gören 200 ö?renci üzerinde gerçekle?tirilmi?tir. Ara?t?rmada, ö?retmen adaylar?n?n ö?renme stillerinin belirlenmesi için Kolb Ö?renme Stili Envanteri ve ö?rencilerin ki?isel bilgilerini edinmek için de bu envantere eklenmi? ki?isel bilgi formu uygulanm??t?r. Elde edilen veriler do?rultusunda yap?lan frekans analizi ve Kay-Kare (chi square istatistiksel i?lemleri sonucunda, Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n ço?unlu?unun ayr??t?r?c? ve özümseyici ö?renme stillerine sahip olduklar?, bu ö?rencilerin ö?renme stillerinin onlar?n cinsiyetleri ve lisedeki ö?renim türleriyle anlaml? bir ili?ki göstermedi?i; mezun olduklar? liseyle ö?renme stilleri aras?nda anlaml? bir ili?ki oldu?u tespit edilmi?tir.AbstractIn this study, the aim has been to learn the learning styles of candidate Turkish teachers and the relationship between these learning styles and the schooling and sexes of these students bearing in mind the fact that students have different learning styles in all levels due to their individual differences the experimental learning style which was stated by Kolb and which is based on students’ individual learning differences has been studied. The study was carried out among 200 students who are attending Gazi Faculty of Education, Department of Turkish Teaching. In the study, Kolb Learning Styles Inventory and some survey questions added to this inventory were used to determine the learning styles of the candidate teachers. As a result of frequency and chi square analysis carried out with the data obtained, it was found out a majority of candidate turkish teachers had convergers and assimilators learning styles. There wasn’t a significant relationship between the learning styles of these students and their sex and high school education. However, it was found out that there was a meaningful relationship between the high school they graduated from and their learning styles.

  14. Are Turkish migrants altruistic?, evidence from the macro data

    OpenAIRE

    Akkoyunlu, Sule

    2010-01-01

    We investigate in this paper whether the stable pattern of remittances over the last three decades can be explained by the altruistic behaviour. This possibility is tested by means of cointegration analysis, which is applied to Turkish remittances from Germany over the period 1962-2005. A single cointegrating relationship is found between the remittances of Turkish workers in Germany and the real Turkish GDP per capita, the real German GDP per capita, the stock of Turkish migrants in Germany,...

  15. E-Learning Turkish Language and Grammar: Analyzing Learners' Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgalas, Panagiotis

    2012-01-01

    This study analyses the behavior and the preferences of the Greek learners of Turkish language, who use a particular e-learning website in parallel with their studies, namely: http://turkish.pgeorgalas.gr. The website offers free online material in Greek and English language for learning the Turkish language and grammar. The traffic of several…

  16. An analysis of English language teaching coursebooks by Turkish writers: "Let’s speak English 7" example

    OpenAIRE

    Serpil Tekir; Arda Ar?kan

    2007-01-01

    It is known that English language coursebooks written by Turkish writers is widely used in Turkey although much research is needed to assess their quality as educational materials. In this research study, opinions of 7th grade students’ and teachers’ on Let’s Speak English 7 were studied through teacher and student questionnaires containing Likert-scale items, and an open-ended item for the teachers. Among 130 participants, 50 were English teachers 80 were seventh grade students studyin...

  17. Models of Micro-Organisms: Children's Knowledge and Understanding of Micro-Organisms from 7 to 14 Years Old

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Jenny

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes the expressed models that children aged 7, 11, and 14 years have about micro-organisms and microbial activity. These were elicited using a variety of data collection techniques that complemented each other, resulting in a rich dataset, and provided information about the level of knowledge and progression of ideas across the…

  18. Dietary intake and physical activity of normal weight and overweight 6 to 14 year old Swiss children

    OpenAIRE

    Aeberli, I.; Kaspar, M.; Zimmermann, M. B.

    2007-01-01

    Principles and questions under study: The prevalence of overweight is increasing in Swiss children, and they are at increased risk for hypertension and insulin resistance. Better understanding of how food intakes and activity patterns differ between overweight and normal weight children is needed to develop intervention strategies to control childhood adiposity. The aim of the study was therefore to compare nutrient intake, dietary patterns and physical activity in overweight and normal weigh...

  19. Reproductive hormone profile and pubertal development in 14-year-old boys prenatally exposed to polychlorinated biphenyls

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grandjean, Philippe; GrØnlund, Ciea

    2012-01-01

    Because polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are thought to cause endocrine disruption, we examined 438 adolescent boys from a birth cohort in the Faroe Islands, where PCB exposures are elevated. We measured PCBs and p,p'-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE) in cord blood and in serum from clinical examination at age 14. Higher prenatal PCB exposure was associated with lower serum concentrations of both luteinizing hormone (LH) and testosterone. In addition, sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) was positively associated with both prenatal and concurrent PCB exposures. The PCB-SHBG association was robust to covariate adjustment. In a structural equation model, a doubling in prenatal PCB exposure was associated with a decrease in LH of 6% (p=0.03). Prenatal exposure to PCB and DDE showed weak, non-significant inverse associations with testicular size and Tanner stage. DDE was highly correlated with PCB and showed slightly weaker associations with the hormone profile. These findings suggest that delayed puberty with low serum-LH concentrations associated with developmental exposure to non dioxin-like PCBs may be due to a central hypothalamo-pituitary mechanism.

  20. Psychosocial and demographic predictors of fruit, juice and vegetable consumption among 11-14-year-old Boy Scouts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Psychosocial and demographic correlates of fruit, juice, and vegetable (FJV) consumption were investigated to guide how to increase FJV intake. Experimental design consisted of hierarchical multiple regression analysis of FJV consumption on demographics and psychosocial variables. Subjects were boys...

  1. Perinatal characteristics among early (10–14 years old and late (15–19 years old pregnant adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alves João

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pregnancy in adolescents is a worldwide health problem and has been mostly common in poor populations. It is not clear if socioeconomic or biological factors are the main determinants of perinatal adverse outcomes in pregnant adolescents. Adolescents under 15 years old may present a high growth rate which may contribute to impair fetal growth. Our aim is to compare perinatal characteristics among early (aged 10 to 14 years and late (aged 15 to 19 years pregnant adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed using data from Pernambuco State 2009, obtained from DATASUS/SISNAC, a Brazilian Government, open-access public health database. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between early (aged 10–14 years and late (aged 15–19 years pregnant adolescents. Family income was compared between early and late pregnant adolescents using a sample of 412 subjects evaluated at Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP during 2011. Statistical comparisons were made using the chi-square test was used with a significant level of 0.05; bivariate and multivariate analysis were performed. This project was approved by the Institutional Ethics Review Board. Results Data from 31,209 pregnant adolescents were analyzed. 29,733 (95.2% were aged 15 to 19 years and 1,476 (4.7% were aged 10 to 14 years. There were significant differences with respect to marital status, education level and number of prenatal visits of mothers aged 10 to 14 years compared to 15 to 19 years. Of importance, early adolescents had a greater rate of neonates born premature and with low birth weight. Prematurity and low birth weight remained statistically significant after multivariate analysis. Conclusions Early aged adolescents may have an increased risk of prematurity and low birth weight. These findings highlight the potential role of biological factors in newborn outcomes in pregnant adolescents.

  2. Distinct discrimination learning strategies and their relation with spatial memory and attentional control in 4- to 14-year-olds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmittmann, Verena D; van der Maas, Han L J; Raijmakers, Maartje E J

    2012-04-01

    Behavioral, psychophysiological, and neuropsychological studies have revealed large developmental differences in various learning paradigms where learning from positive and negative feedback is essential. The differences are possibly due to the use of distinct strategies that may be related to spatial working memory and attentional control. In this study, strategies in performing a discrimination learning task were distinguished in a cross-sectional sample of 302 children from 4 to 14 years of age. The trial-by-trial accuracy data were analyzed with mathematical learning models. The best-fitting model revealed three learning strategies: hypothesis testing, slow abrupt learning, and nonlearning. The proportion of hypothesis-testing children increased with age. Nonlearners were present only in the youngest age group. Feature preferences for the irrelevant dimension had a detrimental effect on performance in the youngest age group. The executive functions spatial working memory and attentional control significantly predicted posterior learning strategy probabilities after controlling for age. PMID:22176926

  3. Variations in pregnancy outcomes by race among 10-14-year-old mothers in the United States.

    OpenAIRE

    Leland, N. L.; Petersen, D. J.; Braddock, M.; Alexander, G. R.

    1995-01-01

    This study used the 1983-86 U.S. Linked Live Birth-Infant Death Files to examine variations in pregnancy outcomes among 38,551 U.S. resident black and white adolescents ages 10 through 14. The birth rate was 4.29 per 1,000 for blacks, more than 7 times the rate for whites (.59 per 1,000). Black mothers had higher proportions of very low and low birth weight infants than did whites (very low birth weight: 3.7 versus 2.6; low birth weight: 15.0 versus 10.5). Neonatal and infant mortality rates ...

  4. Prevalence and Severity of Asthma, Rhinitis, and Atopic Eczema in 13- to 14-Year-Old Schoolchildren from Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neto Arnaldo

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and severity of asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema in schoolchildren from southern Brazil. A cross-sectional study was carried out with the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood phase III written questionnaire. The questionnaire was self-applied by 2,948 randomly selected schoolchildren aged 13 to 14 years. The lifetime prevalence rates of symptoms were as follows: wheezing, 40.8%; rhinitis, 40.7%; eczema, 13.6%; self-reported asthma, 14.6%; rhinitis, 31.4%; eczema, 13.4%. Rhinitis was reported by 55% of adolescents with current asthma (60% females vs 46.9% males. Girls 13 to 14 years of age had higher prevalence rates of asthma, rhinitis, and eczema than boys had. Atopic eczema was reported by 42.7% of girls and 31.4% of boys with asthma. The prevalence rates were statistically significant for symptoms of asthma, rhinitis, and atopic eczema in females. However, there were no statistically significant differences between the sexes in regard to reported asthma and bronchospasm induced by exercise.

  5. [Effect of dietary non-compliance on development in phenylketonuria--studies of 14-year-old patients].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theile, H; Graustein, I; Wässer, S; Bührdel, P

    1990-01-01

    25 children with early treated PKU were studied at the age of 14 years. The IQ was higher at the age of 6-8, 10 and 14 years if the dietary control was good (75% of the control values up to 10 mg/dl) compared to children with poor control. The IQ however decreased up to the age of 14 years in both groups. Discontinuation of the diet in children with a good dietary control at the age of 6 years because of a normal EEG after phenylalanine loading causes a decrease of the IQ from 100 at 6 years to 90 at 10 years. The IQ remains stable thereafter up to 14 years. The IQ ist lower at the age of 7 or 8 years in those children in whom the discontinuation of diet is delayed because of abnormal EEG after phenylalanine loading at the age of 6 years, but remains stable up to the age of 14. According to these results a discontinuation of the diet at the age of 6 years can not be recommended even if the EEG is normal after phenylalanine load. PMID:2326088

  6. Distinct Discrimination Learning Strategies and Their Relation with Spatial Memory and Attentional Control in 4- to 14-Year-Olds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmittmann, Verena D.; van der Maas, Han L. J.; Raijmakers, Maartje E. J.

    2012-01-01

    Behavioral, psychophysiological, and neuropsychological studies have revealed large developmental differences in various learning paradigms where learning from positive and negative feedback is essential. The differences are possibly due to the use of distinct strategies that may be related to spatial working memory and attentional control. In…

  7. Perinatal characteristics among early (10–14 years old) and late (15–19 years old) pregnant adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-01

    Background Pregnancy in adolescents is a worldwide health problem and has been mostly common in poor populations. It is not clear if socioeconomic or biological factors are the main determinants of perinatal adverse outcomes in pregnant adolescents. Adolescents under 15 years old may present a high growth rate which may contribute to impair fetal growth. Our aim is to compare perinatal characteristics among early (aged 10 to 14 years) and late (aged 15 to 19 years) pregnant adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed using data from Pernambuco State 2009, obtained from DATASUS/SISNAC, a Brazilian Government, open-access public health database. Maternal and neonatal outcomes were compared between early (aged 10–14 years) and late (aged 15–19 years) pregnant adolescents. Family income was compared between early and late pregnant adolescents using a sample of 412 subjects evaluated at Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP) during 2011. Statistical comparisons were made using the chi-square test was used with a significant level of 0.05; bivariate and multivariate analysis were performed. This project was approved by the Institutional Ethics Review Board. Results Data from 31,209 pregnant adolescents were analyzed. 29,733 (95.2%) were aged 15 to 19 years and 1,476 (4.7%) were aged 10 to 14 years. There were significant differences with respect to marital status, education level and number of prenatal visits of mothers aged 10 to 14 years compared to 15 to 19 years. Of importance, early adolescents had a greater rate of neonates born premature and with low birth weight. Prematurity and low birth weight remained statistically significant after multivariate analysis. Conclusions Early aged adolescents may have an increased risk of prematurity and low birth weight. These findings highlight the potential role of biological factors in newborn outcomes in pregnant adolescents. PMID:23009715

  8. Linfoma cutáneo angiocéntrico de células T que semeja hidroa vacciniforme / Angiocentric cutaneous lymphoma in a 14 year old female adolescent

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Armando, Quero-Hernández; Luis M., Sánchez-Navarro; Zoila, Socorro-López; Daniel, Carrasco-Daza.

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción. Los linfomas cutáneos son procesos linfoproliferativos malignos de células B o T, con una variedad de manifestaciones clínicas, sin que exista enfermedad extracutánea al momento del diagnóstico. Existen reportes de casos de lesiones cutáneas previas, determinadas por fotosensibilidad, [...] que se asocian a linfomas cutáneos. Se presenta el caso de un paciente femenino con diagnóstico de linfoma cutáneo angiocéntrico que semeja hidroa vacciniforme. Caso clínico. Adolescente femenino de 14 años de edad, que ingresó al Hospital General Dr. Aurelio Valdivieso del Estado de Oaxaca en el mes de octubre de 2003. Cuadro actual: 8 meses previos a su ingreso con dermatosis en áreas expuestas al sol, caracterizadas por vesículas y pápulas, que evolucionaron a úlceras y necrosis en miembros torácicos y piernas, con hepatoesplenomegalia y edema centrofacial. La histopatología de la lesión reveló vasculitis angiocéntrica, angiodestructiva, con linfocitos atípicos y paniculitis. Se definió el diagnóstico de linfoma cutáneo angiocéntrico. Se instaló quimioterapia combinada con involución de su dermatosis y compromiso sistémico. Conclusión. El presente caso cumple con criterios clínico e histopatológicos de linfoma cutáneo angiocéntrico, con adecuada respuesta a quimioterapia de combinación, sobre todo basada en antraciclinas. Abstract in english Introduction. The cutaneous lymphoma is a malignant lymphoproliferative process of B or T, cells with a variety of clinical manifestation without extracutaneous disease at the time of diagnosis. There are case reports in the literature which have associated prior cutaneous injuries, with cutaneous l [...] ymphoma as determined by photosensitization. The present case report is of a female patient with diagnosis of cutaneous angiocentric lymphoma which resembled hydroa vacciniform. Case report. Female adolescent 14 year of age who was admitted to Hospital General Dr. Aurelio Valdivieso in the State of Oaxaca, Mexico. Eight months prior to hospital admission she presented dermatosis in areas exposed to the sun, characterized by vesicles, papules which evolved to ulcers and necrosis in arms and legs, she also presented with hepatosplenomegaly and facial edema. The histopatology of the lesions revealed angiodestructive, angiocentric vasculitis with atypical lymphocytes and paniculitis. The diagnosis of angiocentric cutaneous lymphoma was made. The patient was treated with combined chemotherapy with involution of her dermatosis and systemic findings. Conclusion. The present case fulfills the histopathology and clinical criteria of an angiocentric cutaneous lymphoma, with suitable response to combined chemotherapy based on anthracyclines.

  9. Turkish Version of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS- 42: Psychometric Properties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nazan Bilgel

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study explores the reliability, the construct and convergent validity of the Turkish version of the DASS-42.Methods: The Turkish-language version of the DASS-42 was administered to a non-clinical sample, broadly representative of a university student population (N=1102 in terms of demographic variables. Competing models of the latent structure of the DASS were derived from theoretical and empirical sources and evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis. The convergent validity of the scale was examined by correlating it with the previously validated and frequently used Turkish version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Results: The best fitting model of the latent structure of the DASS consisted of three correlated factors corresponding to the depression, anxiety, and stress scales. The reliability of the DASS was excellent and the measure possessed adequate convergent validity.Conclusion: The Turkish version of the DASS-42 is a reliable and valid measure of the constructs it was intended to assess. This measure was found useful for evaluating depression, anxiety, and stress in non-clinical population. Further studies are needed to study the utility of this measure in psychiatric patients. (Archives of Neuropsychiatry 2010; 47: 118-26

  10. An analysis of textbooks on the Turkish language for 5thgrades in terms of critical thinking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Razgatl?o?lu

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This study was conducted with the aim to determine to what extent 5th grade Turkish text books included critical thinking strategies. In the study, it was examined whether course books included 5 dimensions of cognitive strategies or not. In this study, qualitative and quantitative research designs were used together. Document review was used as qualitative data collection method and 22 texts in 5th Grade Turkish text books published by Ministry of National Education and a private publishing house taught in Province of Sakarya were reviewed. This data collection tool developed was applied to the texts in accordance with the concepts determined by three individual researchers and checking process of the concepts was performed. As a result of the research, it was concluded that the texts in 5th grade Turkish text books prepared by National Education Publishing House included the strategies for developing critical thinking skills of students more than the texts in 5th grade Turkish course books prepared by the private publishing house. In addition, it was seen that both National Education Publishing House and private publishing house did not include the critical t hinking dimensions to the required extent.

  11. Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Güngör, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; Phalet, Karen

    2012-01-01

    We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 agemates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream culture) and related to cultural values, acculturation orientations, and ethnic identification. Belgian adolescents showed lower and declining religiosity with age, whereas Turkish and Turkish Belgian adolescents were more religious regardless of age. Acculturating adolescents reaffirmed religion as compared with monocultural adolescents in Turkey. Religious reaffirmation was related to cultural values of interdependence, heritage culture maintenance, and ethnic identification. PMID:23155300

  12. Intercultural Communication Skills among Prospective Turkish Teachers of German in the Context of the Comparative Country Knowledge Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basbagi, R. Ragip

    2012-01-01

    This study develops and provides a sample implementation of a seminar for the "Comparative Country Knowledge" course taught in the German Language Teaching departments of Turkish universities. The study was conducted with the participation of forty-seven 1st year students attending a German Language Teaching department. As part of the study,…

  13. Discourse of Mobbing in Turkish Press

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ece Karado?an Doruk

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Mobbing (Psychological violence in working place has been researched especially by the scientists making researches in organizational communication for last 20-25 years. In Turkey, mobbing concept is a newer research field. In this study, how the news regarding mobbing has been given in Turkish press will be analyzed with Van Dijk?s discourse analysis.How the news regarding mobbing has taken place in Turkish press will be analyzed by applying Van Dijk?s discourse analysis. From the year of 1997 when the news related to the mobbing appeared to today, what kinds of differences happened in news discourses especially with taking place of mobbing in Turkish Criminal Law, will be analyzed.

  14. Tagging and Morphological Disambiguation of Turkish Text

    CERN Document Server

    Oflazer, K; Oflazer, Kemal; Kuruoz, Ilker

    1994-01-01

    Automatic text tagging is an important component in higher level analysis of text corpora, and its output can be used in many natural language processing applications. In languages like Turkish or Finnish, with agglutinative morphology, morphological disambiguation is a very crucial process in tagging, as the structures of many lexical forms are morphologically ambiguous. This paper describes a POS tagger for Turkish text based on a full-scale two-level specification of Turkish morphology that is based on a lexicon of about 24,000 root words. This is augmented with a multi-word and idiomatic construct recognizer, and most importantly morphological disambiguator based on local neighborhood constraints, heuristics and limited amount of statistical information. The tagger also has functionality for statistics compilation and fine tuning of the morphological analyzer, such as logging erroneous morphological parses, commonly used roots, etc. Preliminary results indicate that the tagger can tag about 98-99\\% of the...

  15. Modelling and forecasting Turkish residential electricity demand

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This research investigates the relationship between Turkish residential electricity consumption, household total final consumption expenditure and residential electricity prices by applying the structural time series model to annual data over the period from 1960 to 2008. Household total final consumption expenditure, real energy prices and an underlying energy demand trend are found to be important drivers of Turkish residential electricity demand with the estimated short run and the long run total final consumption expenditure elasticities being 0.38 and 1.57, respectively, and the estimated short run and long run price elasticities being -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. Moreover, the estimated underlying energy demand trend, (which, as far as is known, has not been investigated before for the Turkish residential sector) should be of some benefit to Turkish decision makers in terms of energy planning. It provides information about the impact of past policies, the influence of technical progress, the impacts of changes in consumer behaviour and the effects of changes in economic structure. Furthermore, based on the estimated equation, and different forecast assumptions, it is predicted that Turkish residential electricity demand will be somewhere between 48 and 80 TWh by 2020 compared to 40 TWh in 2008. - Research highlights: ? Estimated short run and long run expenditure elasticities of 0.38 and 1.57, respectively. ? Estimated short run and long run price elastici short run and long run price elasticities of -0.09 and -0.38, respectively. ? Estimated UEDT has increasing (i.e. energy using) and decreasing (i.e. energy saving) periods. ? Predicted Turkish residential electricity demand between 48 and 80 TWh in 2020.

  16. Burnout Levels of Teachers of Students with AD/HD in Turkey: Comparison with Teachers of Non-AD/HD Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozdemir, Selda

    2006-01-01

    This study was designed to explore the difference between the burnout level of teachers of students with AD/HD and teachers of non-AD/HD students in Turkey. The Turkish version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory was administered to a total of 78 Turkish elementary school teachers. Overall findings revealed that there were no significant differences…

  17. Aroma Compounds of Some Traditional Turkish Cheeses and Their Importance for Turkish Cuisine

    OpenAIRE

    Fügen Durlu-Özkaya; ?lhan Gün

    2014-01-01

    Cheese is so important to the Turkish cuisine. It is eaten plain as part of the traditional Turkish breakfast, used in salads, and incorporated into cooked foods such as b?rek, pide, menemen and also used for some traditional desserts. There are several types of cheeses with different characteristics and aroma compounds, and they can be used for preparation of various foods as an additive. The formation of cheese aroma basically associated with lipids, proteins and lactose...

  18. Turkish Diaspora in Norway or Has the Norwegian Politics ever tasted Turkish delight?

    OpenAIRE

    Korhan, Ulas

    2014-01-01

    This qualitative study suggests that the Turkish people established their diasporic group soon after their first arrival to Norway. In the beginning, there was a small number of Turks in Norway, so they could come together under one agenda and act in unison. However, following the increase in their population, their character became as heterogeneous as the population in Turkey. In other words, there became a rich diversity among the members. Despite the heterogeneity in the Turkish community ...

  19. The Adaptation of the Adolescent Food Habit Checklist to the Turkish Adolescents.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inci Arikan

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adolescent Food Habit Checklist (AFHC is an instrument designed to measure eating behaviours of adolescents. The aim of the study was to adapt AFHC for the Turkish cultural settings and evaluate its? reliability and construct validity. Methods: Forward and backward translations were carried out and Turkish version of the AFHC was generated. AFHC was administered to 347 students attending second grade primary school. Validity and reliability analyses were used for the assessment of the study data. Results: Four item with the inter-item correlation below 0,2 was eliminated from Turkish version of AFHC. The final instrument consist of 19 items, evaluating consumption of sugar (4 item, fat (6 item, fruit-vegetable (6 item, carbohydrate and fast food (2 item and general diet (1 item. The inter-item correlation of these items were between 0,21 and 0,46. The instrument was internally consistent, with Cronbach's alpha-coefficients of 0,718. There was positive correlation with test-retest reliability ( r=0.854; p<0.001. AFHC scale score of obese, overweight adolescents were (8,74±4,03 lower than normal weight (10,53±3,39 adolescents ( p=0.003. Boys (9.22±3.46 had lower scale scores than girls (11.18±3.42 ( p<0.001 demonstrating construct validity. Conclusions: The Turkish version of AFHC questionnaire is reliable and valid measure evaluating Turkish adolescents eating behaviours. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(1.000: 49-56

  20. Turkish Children's Drawing of Nature in a Certain Way: Range of Mountains in the Back, the Sun, Couple of Clouds, a River Rising from the Mountains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulker, Riza

    2012-01-01

    This study reveals that Turkish kindergarten through 8th Grade (K-8) students draw nature pictures in a certain way; range of mountains in the background, a sun, a couple of clouds, a river rising from the mountains. There are similarities in the K-8 students' nature drawings in the way these nature items are organized on a drawing paper. We…

  1. Tracheobronchial variations in Turkish population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beder, Sumru; Küpeli, Elif; Karnak, Demet; Kayacan, Oya

    2008-09-01

    The tracheobronchial tree exhibits highly individualistic features and many variations. As the anatomic variations among Turkish population have not been studied previously, we aimed to evaluate the type and frequency of tracheobronchial variations (TBVs) in our bronchoscopy population. In a 3-year period, 1,114 patients underwent flexible bronchoscopy (FB). Among these, 780 (70%) were male. The mean age of the patients was 51.3 +/- 15.1 (range: 17-84) years. In 639 cases, no TBV were detected. A total of 999 TBV were observed in 475 patients. Of all, 71.3% (713) of the total TBV were detected in males. Forty-nine and six-tenths percent (49.6%) of the TBV were observed on the right bronchial system, 49.2% on the left, and 1.2% in the trachea. The five most frequently observed TBV were right lower lobe basal orifice with two subsegments, left lower lobe basal orifice with two subsegments, left upper lobe with three segments, right upper lobe with two segments, and right lower lobe with a subapical segment. In the same lobe bronchus, single variation and two different TBV were seen in 85% and 15% of patients, respectively. Number of TBV increased linearly with the number of lobes involved. The availability and popularity of FB in recent years has led to the increase in identification and reporting of TBV. TBV should be correctly identified and documented. This information is invaluable during follow-up bronchoscopies as well as lung resection. PMID:18698650

  2. Turkish Compulsory Earthquake Insurance (TCIP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdik, M.; Durukal, E.; Sesetyan, K.

    2009-04-01

    Through a World Bank project a government-sponsored Turkish Catastrophic Insurance Pool (TCIP) is created in 2000 with the essential aim of transferring the government's financial burden of replacing earthquake-damaged housing to international reinsurance and capital markets. Providing coverage to about 2.9 Million homeowners TCIP is the largest insurance program in the country with about 0.5 Billion USD in its own reserves and about 2.3 Billion USD in total claims paying capacity. The total payment for earthquake damage since 2000 (mostly small, 226 earthquakes) amounts to about 13 Million USD. The country-wide penetration rate is about 22%, highest in the Marmara region (30%) and lowest in the south-east Turkey (9%). TCIP is the sole-source provider of earthquake loss coverage up to 90,000 USD per house. The annual premium, categorized on the basis of earthquake zones type of structure, is about US90 for a 100 square meter reinforced concrete building in the most hazardous zone with 2% deductible. The earthquake engineering related shortcomings of the TCIP is exemplified by fact that the average rate of 0.13% (for reinforced concrete buildings) with only 2% deductible is rather low compared to countries with similar earthquake exposure. From an earthquake engineering point of view the risk underwriting (Typification of housing units to be insured, earthquake intensity zonation and the sum insured) of the TCIP needs to be overhauled. Especially for large cities, models can be developed where its expected earthquake performance (and consequently the insurance premium) can be can be assessed on the basis of the location of the unit (microzoned earthquake hazard) and basic structural attributes (earthquake vulnerability relationships). With such an approach, in the future the TCIP can contribute to the control of construction through differentiation of premia on the basis of earthquake vulnerability.

  3. THE STUDY OF FINANCIAL STRUCTURE OF TURKISH HIGHER EDUCATION SYSTEM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali R?za ERDEM

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Who will meet the financing of education cost, or in other words sponsorship to education, has traditionally been a social concern as in other teaching steps. Actually, this discussion is closely related to inner and outer obstacles and financial matters as well as required qualifications and efficiency of education.As the scope of the finance in education is the state, the scope of the finance in higher education is the state itself because higher education has been, so far, heavily considered as a public service whose expenses are extensively met through public sources in each country except the USA and several other countries. However, the financing of the cost of the increasing demand to higher education only with social sources is nowadays being interrogatedHigher education is a service of high cost. Financing ways of higher education in various countries range a large spectrum from institutions sponsored only by students’ contribution fees without any other supports else for institutions whose all higher educational expenses, including feeding and accommodation, are completely met through social sources.Financing of Turkish Higher Education service is mostly handled two different models: the state and foundation universities. The first one, state’s universities, have traditionally adopted “a financial system relying on national sources” while foundation ones have developed their own “exclusive financing”. Today, budget financing accounts for nearly %80 of the budget allocated for state’s universities. In the year 1973, the classical budge system was replaced by “program budget system”, and then in 1998 was converted into a joint budget system. The current system, analytic budget system” has been in practice since 2004. However, in foundation universities, the main approach is treasure aids to make contributions to their expenses provided it remains limited with the payment in the budgetDespite the increase in the number of students in Turkish Higher Education system, the portion reserved from the state’s budget has declined. Therefore, decline in portion of higher education allocated in the budget has also caused our higher education institutions to make up new ways of searching for exclusive sources apart from public, one of which is to increase the fee paid by students. However, such an increase in students’ education fee has brought together some discussion concerning “unequal opportunities in higher education” particularly in terms of groups of middle and lower income.“The income of the higher education” in Turkish Higher Education system is socially 8.5% and individually 16.2 %. As for the global average of the income of the higher education, it has socially been 10.8% for ages, and individually 19 %. Judging from there figures, we could conclude that the income of investments performed by higher education in Turkey falls back of the global average. Briefly, such a case has turned the efficiency of the allocated financial share for the Turkish Higher Education service into too controversial matter.

  4. AWARENESS AND COMPETENC?ES OF THE TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATES ABOUT CONSTRUCTIVE TEACHING APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Nuri KARDA?

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Turkish teacher candidates are expected to graduate with adequate equipment being aware of the theoretical and practical knowledge within the framework of the constructive teaching approach which is in practice as teaching approach during the pre-vocational training. However, it is a fact that the teachers who are educated with learning by doing education approach shaped according to the needs of students and with student-centered education will able to educate individuals who will answer the requirements of age, closely follow develeopments, renew themselves. In this context, the purpose of this study is to reveal awareness and competencies of the Turkish teacher candidates about '' constructive teaching approach '' by getting their own opinions. Research comprises students of three state universities from faculty of education, department of Turkish Education and the research has been carried out on 250 teacher candidates answering the questions in " Awareness and competencies form about constructive approach '' . The research data have been collected through open-ended questions. "Content analysis" , from qualitative analysis technicques, has been used in the evaluation and assessment of data. Themes and categories have been described with direct quotations from participants and paticipation of categories percentage and frequency values have been calculated. Research findings were identified under these themes; not any education given with constructive approach (n=120, not enough knowledge and experience about constructive approach and techniques (n=72, education given with constructive approach (n=38 and other (n=20. As a result of research; it is determined that Turkish teacher candidates of %84,8 (n=212 have enough awareness, knowledge and experience about "constructive teaching approach" and participants of %15,2 (n=38 have enough knowledge about constructivism.

  5. Conflict Management Styles of Turkish Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozkalp, Enver; Sungur, Zerrin; Ozdemir, Aytul Ayse

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this study is to determine Turkish managers conflict styles in different sectors, namely durable consumer goods, aviation, automotive and banking. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 130 managers conflict management styles were assessed by applying the Rahim's 1983 Organizational Conflict Inventory-II. Findings: First,…

  6. Report on the Turkish energy sector

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The government of Turkey has made a concerted effort to expand cooperation with energy-rich CIS countries, the Russian Federation, the Middle East and African countries in order to meet its growing energy demands. As an industrializing country with expanding energy-intensive industries, energy demand in Turkey is expected to double by the year 2010. To meet this demand, it is estimated that a total investment of $45 billion U.S. will be needed for power production facilities alone, and an additional $10 billion U.S. will be required for transmission and distribution facilities. The Turkish government is giving high priority to pipeline projects, as well as thermal (mostly gas-fired) and hydro electric power producing projects. The government also plans to add nuclear power to its generating capacity, even though the first nuclear power plant project is currently on hold. Foreign technology and capital is needed in order to address the problem of the energy deficit and save the Turkish economy from power shortages. It was noted that the success of the Turkish market will depend on the capabilities of investors to raise the required project financing. Several Canadian companies have participated in energy development projects in Turkey as consultants, engineers, equipment suppliers and contractors and have acquired a favourable image in the Turkish market. Real opportunities exist for Canadian companies to partner with local companies in the services for oilfield developanies in the services for oilfield development, pipeline construction and power generation. The key for long term success for Canadian firms in the Turkish market will be to demonstrate a local presence and ensure effective monitoring of opportunities in project development

  7. Prevalence and characteristics of recurrent headaches in Turkish adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unalp, Aycan; Dirik, Eray; Kurul, Semra

    2006-02-01

    The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence and characteristics of recurrent headaches and to investigate the sociodemographic differences between high school students with or without recurrent headaches from Izmir, Turkey. Multistep, stratified, cluster sampling method was used in this analytic, school-based cross-sectional study. Twenty-one schools were selected randomly, and 2384 preparatory, first-, second-, and third-grade high school students from 84 different classrooms constituted the study cohort. The prevalence of recurrent headaches was 45.7% (1090/2384). Female students had a significantly higher headache frequency than males (P = 0.000). No significant relationship was evident between age and headache (P = 0.065). Also, there were no significant differences between the adolescents with or without headache for variables such as parental divorce (P = 0.052), existence of a step parent (P = 0.32), people with whom the students live at home (P = 0.186), number of siblings (P = 0.37), and maternal and paternal educational levels (P = 0.62 and P = 0.15, respectively). Headache frequency was higher when the income level of the student's family was lower (P = 0.016). Among the students who had headaches, 53.3% had a medication, 37.3% were referred to a physician, and in 27.2% of them a diagnosis was established. School absenteeism with a ratio of 26.5% was a common problem among the students with headaches. These results indicate that approximately one half of Turkish high school students have recurrent headaches which reduce the quality of their lives. PMID:16458822

  8. Spoilt for Choice: Explaining the location choice of Turkish Transnationals

    OpenAIRE

    Kayam, Saime S.; Hisarc?kl?lar, Mehtap; Kayal?ca, O?zgu?r

    2011-01-01

    The investments of Turkish entrepreneurs to other countries increased in the 1990s. This paper explores Turkish FDI abroad focusing on the factors influencing the FDI decision and location choice, using micro data collected from investor firms. A micro level data set for the Turkish FDI abroad is constructed using the information gathered through questionnaires conducted at some selected firms, which have engaged in FDI abroad. The data is explored using statistical and econometric tech...

  9. The role and importance of maritime culture in Turkish cuisine

    OpenAIRE

    Turgay Bucak; O?uz Ta?p?nar

    2014-01-01

    One of the most important factors in the formation of the culinary culture of a society is its geographic location. In order to talk about maritime culture in a society’s cuisine, a presence of sea-coast is required. In this context, the formation of marine culture in Turkish cuisine started after Ottomans became neighbours with Aegean, Mediterranean and Black sea. Today, sea products have a substantial place in Turkish cuisine. This contributes to richness of Turkish cuisine and also ensur...

  10. An essay upon the business cycle facts: the Turkish case

    OpenAIRE

    Levent, Korap

    2006-01-01

    In our paper, we try to investigate the main determinants of the Turkish business cycles. Having examined some important issues of interest in business cycle theory, we estimate the business cycle stylized facts for the Turkish economy and compare the estimation results obtained in this paper to some benchmark papers chosen in business cycle literature. All in all, our estimation results give support to the importance of supply side models in explaining the Turkish business cycles in line wit...

  11. THE EFFECTS OF JIGSAW-IV TECHNIQUE ON THE FOREIGN STUDENTS LEARNING THE BASIC TENSES IN TURKISH - JIGSAW-IV TEKN???N?N YABANCI Ö?RENC?LER?N TÜRKÇEDEK? TEMEL ZAMANLARI Ö?RENMELER? ÜZER?NDEK? ETK?S?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma BÖLÜKBA?

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This study has been conducted with the aim of identifying the effects of Jigsaw-IV technique, which is one of the cooperative learning techniques, on the students learning Turkish as a foreign language skill of learning basic tenses. To this study in which as an experimental pattern post-test control group pattern is used, 32 students consisting of 16 experimental and 16 control group students who learn Turkish as a foreign language at Istanbul University Language Center attended. While Jigsaw-IV technique is used in grammar activities of teaching basic tenses in the experimental group, in the control group traditional teaching methods are used. As teaching of basic tenses start from A1 level (present continuous tense and continue until the end of A2 level (simple past tense, future tense, reported past tense and simple present tense, this study lasted for 16 weeks in the grammar activities of basic tenses. The data of the study has been collected with “The Use of Present Continuous Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Simple Past Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Future Tense Achievement Test”, “The Use of Reported Past Tense Achievement Test”, and “The Use of Simple Present Tense Achievement Test” developed by the researcher. As a result of the study, it has been observed that in all tests in which basic tense knowledge of students is tested, the average achievement of the experimental group in which Jigsaw-IV technique is used is higher than the achievement of the control group. Bu çal??ma, Jigsaw-IV tekni?inin yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen ö?rencilerin Türkçedeki temel zamanlar? ö?renme becerileri üzerindeki etkisini belirlemek amac?yla yap?lm??t?r. Son-test kontrol gruplu modelin kullan?ld??? bu çal??maya, ?Ü Dil Merkezi’nde yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?renen 32 ö?renci kat?lm??t?r. Deney grubunda Jigsaw-IV tekni?i kullan?l?rken; kontrol grubunda geleneksel ö?retim modeli uygulanm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n verileri, ara?t?rman? taraf?ndan geli?tirilen “?imdiki Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Belirli Geçmi? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Gelecek Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi”, “Belirsiz Geçmi? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi” ve “Geni? Zaman?n Kullan?m? Ba?ar? Testi” ile toplanm??t?r. Ara?t?rma sonucunda, temel zamanlar?n s?nand??? tüm testlerde deney grubunun ortalamalar?n?n kontrol grubunun ortalamalar?ndan daha yüksek oldu?u görülmü?tür.

  12. Turkish Independence War and its consequences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru?Nicolae Cucu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available At the end of the First World War, the Ottoman Empire collapsed and the Great Powers came to take the control of its territories. Having a strategic position at the southern gate of Europe, all of Turkish lands were very important for the First World War winners, both to secure European borders and to develop the trade between Europe and Middle East. On the other side, under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk command, a new Turkey with a strong nationalist way decided to fight for emancipating. Winning the war with the Great Powers not only in a military way, but also from a diplomatic perspective, the new Turkey became a modern regional power, having institutions and laws that assured its prosperity and security. Taking into consideration the independence war evolution, this paper wants also to show the diplomatic capability of Turkish leaders to balance between powers involved in the region.

  13. Democracy education in Turkish Education System

    OpenAIRE

    Mehmet Okutan

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to find out the reflection of legislation and practical samples of democracy education in school education of Turkish Education. Method of this study can be defined field study. For this purpose especially objectives, rules and principles in legislation was examined then did observations in schools and try to find out how the practical applications reflected in democracy education in schools. Results; although there are some expressions to carry out democracy ed...

  14. A Turkish cultural circle: Bektashi Alevism

    OpenAIRE

    Y?lmaz Soyyer

    2005-01-01

    The “Bektashi Alevism” is a necessary definition for common and effective social construction along spreading from Anatolia to Balkans. The Turkish Language made its existence to continue in cultural environment as long as Bektashi Alevism continued. Macedonian, Kosovo and Bulgarian Bektashism are still in this circle and effect, especially in 20 Century after dispersion of Ottoman Empire. But more progress is seen on Bektashies activities living in European countries such as Germany and ...

  15. Transformations in the Turkish Health Care System

    OpenAIRE

    Kohlwes, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    Scholars of the welfare state tend to use absolute categories such as “class”, “state”, “market” or “social jus-tice” to measure, classify and compare welfare states. Drawing predominantly on Michel Foucault’s lectures on governmentality, this master’s thesis attempts to offer alternative perspectives on the transformation of welfare states by analyzing developments in the Turkish health system in consideration of their historicity and of the complexity of social relations...

  16. An analysis of Turkish hydropower policy

    OpenAIRE

    Erdogdu, Erkan

    2011-01-01

    Over the last decade, Turkish electricity demand has increased more than 8% per annum as a result of economic development. Being one of the renewable energy sources par excellence, non-exhaustible, non-polluting and economically more attractive than other renewable sources, hydropower has turned out to be an important contributor to the future energy mix of the country. This paper deals with hydropower policies to meet increasing electricity demand for sustainable energy development in Turkey...

  17. Factors that motivate Turkish EFL teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Erkaya, Odile?a Rocha

    2013-01-01

    Teachers’ motivation has been an extensive topic of discussion among researchers for over two decades. What has been missing in the discussion, though, is the perspective of those who teach English as a Foreign Language (EFL), especially those who work in Turkey. Therefore, the purpose of this case study was to investigate factors that motivated Turkish EFL teachers working at a Preparatory English Program of a university in Turkey and ways to enhance their motivation. Eight teachers took p...

  18. Gini Decomposition by Gender :Turkish Case

    OpenAIRE

    Kaya, Ezgi; Senesen, Umit

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to reveal the gender inequalities in income distribution for Turkey by using decomposition of Gini coefficient, a common income inequality measure. A new decomposition method, Dagum's approach for decomposition of the Gini coefficient is used in the study. In the analysis, the decomposition of the Gini coefficient by gender is applied to Turkish individuals twice. First Gini coefficient for total disposable income is decomposed to examine the gender disparities in ind...

  19. Social Capital Formation among Turkish Women

    OpenAIRE

    Gizem Arat; Arzu Icagas?oglu-Coban; Gonca Polat

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to identify Turkish women’s social capital formation. This study consisted of 170 women with low SES residing closer to shantytowns. The authors performed the Logistic regression analysis to examine the social capital formation (civic engagement, trust, social participation, and social networks) of women in terms of six variables (age, educational level, employment and marital status, homeownership, community centers, and the length of stay in the same n...

  20. External Debt: Some Experience From Turkish Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Zahoor Hussain Javed; Ahmet Sahinoz

    2005-01-01

    The study pin downs vital role of the emerging field of external debt and debt indicators in Turkish economy with emphasis on empirical relationship of external debt, debt indicators between growth, investment and exports over the period 1983-2002. Present results suggest that the substantial raise in the stock of external debt put negative effect on investment, positive effect on exports and has no effect on growth. Present results imply that if policy maker wants to increase social welfare ...

  1. Socio-Cultural Approaches to Tourism: A Research on the “Tourist” Notion of Young Turkish People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferika Özer Sari

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Significance of tourism sector in Turkey is constantly expanding. Correspondingly the importance of the economic and socio-cultural impact of tourism also continues to develop. Because tourism draws tourists get into closer contact with the locals it has positive and negative effects on the destination. In general the aim of tourists is satisfying their expectations at the maximum degree during their stay. On the other side locals who live and work in the destination region have a primary role in welcoming them and satisfying the tourists’ needs and expectation. Turkish society is particularly well known for many generations as being very hospitable. Current research aims to reveal whether the young Turkish people sustain traditional “Turkish Hospitality” and to see their thoughts about tourists. The field research has been conducted on students of a foundation university located in Izmir and these young people’s point of view on tourists has been investigated by face to face interviews. It has been concluded that there is a weakening trend, nevertheless the notion of hospitality remains.

  2. Photoluminescence of Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purple-colored unique gem material is only found in the Harmanc?k (Bursa) region of the western Anatolia (Turkey). Therefore, it is specially called “Turkish purple jade or turkiyenite” on the worldwide gem market. Even though its jadeite implication is the principal constituent, the material cannot be considered as a single jadeite mineral since other implications are quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid and phlogopite minerals. Even if the analytical methods are used to characterize and identify the Turkish purple jade samples in detail, the luminescence spectra, especially photoluminescence features regarding to composite mineral implications of the material are important because of the existence the numerous characteristic broad and intensive luminescence bands in the samples. We can state that the UV-irradiation luminescence centers as photoluminescence (PL) are due to the overall signals in the Turkish purple jade samples. Accordingly, the distinctive photoluminescence peaks at 743, 717, 698, 484, 465 and 442 nm in PL-2D (counter diagram and sections) and PL-3D (sequence spectra) ranging between 300 and 900 nm of wavelengths, and between 220 and 340 K of temperatures are observed. Finally, photoluminescence features of the heterogeneous-structured material cannot be simply attributed to any chemical impurities, since the jade mass has numerous heterogeneous mineral constituents instead of a single jadeite mineral. Six different mineral implications a Six different mineral implications and chemical impurities in the material composition display complex and individual all kind of luminescence features. Therefore, photoluminescence as well as radioluminescence, cathodoluminescence and thermoluminescence spectra provide positive identification regarding to the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite). - Highlights: ? The purple-colored gem material is only found in the Harmanc?k-Bursa region of Turkey. ? Material is called “Turkish purple jade” or “Turkiyenite” on the worldwide gem market. ? Photoluminescence peaks at 743–717–698–484–465–442 nm ranging 300–900 nm and 20–340 K. ? A combination of PL-2D and PL-3D graphics using the numerical data from UV excitation.

  3. Photoluminescence of Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hatipoglu, Murat, E-mail: murat.hatipoglu@deu.edu.tr [Dokuz Eyluel University, IMYO, Izmir Multidisciplinary Vocational School, Gemmology and Jewellery Programme, TR-35380 Buca-Izmir (Turkey); Dokuz Eyluel University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Natural Building Stones and Gem Stones, TR-35370 Buca-Izmir (Turkey); Basevirgen, Yasemin [Dokuz Eyluel University, IMYO, Izmir Multidisciplinary Vocational School, Gemmology and Jewellery Programme, TR-35380 Buca-Izmir (Turkey); Dokuz Eyluel University, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences, Department of Natural Building Stones and Gem Stones, TR-35370 Buca-Izmir (Turkey)

    2012-11-15

    The purple-colored unique gem material is only found in the Harmanc Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I k (Bursa) region of the western Anatolia (Turkey). Therefore, it is specially called 'Turkish purple jade or turkiyenite' on the worldwide gem market. Even though its jadeite implication is the principal constituent, the material cannot be considered as a single jadeite mineral since other implications are quartz, orthoclase, epidote, chloritoid and phlogopite minerals. Even if the analytical methods are used to characterize and identify the Turkish purple jade samples in detail, the luminescence spectra, especially photoluminescence features regarding to composite mineral implications of the material are important because of the existence the numerous characteristic broad and intensive luminescence bands in the samples. We can state that the UV-irradiation luminescence centers as photoluminescence (PL) are due to the overall signals in the Turkish purple jade samples. Accordingly, the distinctive photoluminescence peaks at 743, 717, 698, 484, 465 and 442 nm in PL-2D (counter diagram and sections) and PL-3D (sequence spectra) ranging between 300 and 900 nm of wavelengths, and between 220 and 340 K of temperatures are observed. Finally, photoluminescence features of the heterogeneous-structured material cannot be simply attributed to any chemical impurities, since the jade mass has numerous heterogeneous mineral constituents instead of a single jadeite mineral. Six different mineral implications and chemical impurities in the material composition display complex and individual all kind of luminescence features. Therefore, photoluminescence as well as radioluminescence, cathodoluminescence and thermoluminescence spectra provide positive identification regarding to the provenance (geographic origin) of the original Turkish purple jade (turkiyenite). - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The purple-colored gem material is only found in the Harmanc Latin-Small-Letter-Dotless-I k-Bursa region of Turkey. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Material is called 'Turkish purple jade' or 'Turkiyenite' on the worldwide gem market. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Photoluminescence peaks at 743-717-698-484-465-442 nm ranging 300-900 nm and 20-340 K. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer A combination of PL-2D and PL-3D graphics using the numerical data from UV excitation.

  4. Research Ranking Place of Turkish Economists in the World

    OpenAIRE

    Ferda, Halicioglu

    2014-01-01

    This research note presents the research rankings of Turkish economists in the world using RePEc database as of January 2014. The long-run research ranking data running from 2003 to 2013 are utilized to identify the research success of Turkish economists working at universities and institutions all over the world.

  5. Turkish Prospective Teachers' Understanding and Misunderstanding on Global Warming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ocal, A.; Kisoglu, M.; Alas, A.; Gurbuz, H.

    2011-01-01

    The key objective of this study is to determine the Turkish elementary prospective teachers' opinions on global warming. It is also aimed to establish prospective teachers' views about the environmental education in Turkish universities. A true-false type scale was administered to 564 prospective teachers from science education, social studies…

  6. "Turkish Modernization," Democracy, and Education: An Analysis from Dewey's Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozsoy, Seckin

    2009-01-01

    Dewey is an important representative of the libertarian education movement, which has its roots based on the values of the enlightenment. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between "Turkish modernization" and education from Dewey's perspective. In the paper, the place and effect of Dewey in the Turkish pedagogical vision was analyzed…

  7. A TEXTBOOK ANALYSIS OF SENIOR PRIMARY EDUCATION TURKISH COURSE BOOKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat SOLAK

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Literary texts that take place in Turkish course books are an important means for teaching Turkish. The aim of this study is to search 6th, 7th and 8th grade Turkish course books in terms of text types. For this purpose, studies concerned with Turkish course books are discussed shortly. New Turkish curriculum is compared with the previous one. According to the 2006 curriculum reading texts that have to contain special features are discussed and the significance of types of texts is emphasized. In this study, all the texts in six books from four different publishing houses taught in 2008-2009 teaching year are examined, frequency of types used are defined; and finally those findings are discussed and implications are made. But free reading texts are not covered in this study.

  8. The English ( and ( Vowel Sounds as Fossilized Pronunciation Errors for the Turkish Teachers of English and Solutions to the Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet DEM?REZEN

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available The Fossilized pronunciation errors constitute a great problem in the mastery of L2in second or foreign language learning and teaching (Odlin 1989; Demirezen, 2003;Demirezen, 2004; Johnson, 2001. One of such errors, which is committed by a greatmajority of Turkish teachers of English and student teachers, is the acquisition of ƒËƒÁƒÍ andƒËƒµƒÍ vowel sounds of the English language. There has been no specific material or lessonplan encountered so far in the literature to rehabilitate the pronunciation difficulty, createdby ƒËƒÁƒÍ and ƒËƒµƒÍ vowel sounds of the English language. Therefore, this article aims toprovide pronunciation teaching material and a sample lesson on two difficult sounds forTurks, like ƒËƒÁƒÍ and ƒËƒµƒÍ, to the Turkish teachers-on-the-job and student teachers ofEnglish.

  9. Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish-Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gungor, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; Phalet, Karen

    2012-01-01

    We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish-Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 age-mates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream…

  10. Safety Perception of Turkish and European Passengers in Turkish Airports: A Cross-National Comparison

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuriye Güres

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This research primarily aimed to illustrate the national differences of passengers regarding their perceptions ofTurkish airport safety. Secondly, airport safety perceptions by some other consumer characteristics such asdemographics, flight characteristics, fairness perception and satisfaction from airport services were tried to berevealed.The research had a between-groups comparison design of data obtained in a one time measurement of the field.The predictions were tested in a sample of 911 Turkish and, 595 European passengers in Turkish airports. Datacollecting method used in the study was 7-point Likert type self-report questionnaire filled by the respondents onvoluntary basis in a categorical and random sampling. Independent sample t-tests, one-way Analysis of VarianceANOVA were used to reveal group differences in safety perceptions by nationalities and some other consumer characteristics.Significant differences among nationalities were found regarding safety perceptions. Meaningful differenceswere found by flight frequency, fairness perception and satisfaction degree from the services at airport. Studygains importance as being of the first time investigation of the differences between European and Turkishpassengers about Turkish airports regarding safety perception.

  11. The internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the Turkish translation of the beliefs about appearance scale

    OpenAIRE

    Emine Göçet Tekin; Tayfun Do?an

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to adapt into Turkish and examine the psychometric properties of the Beliefs about Appearance Scale (BAAS), which was developed by Spangler and Stice (2001) in order to measure the beliefs about appearance. The participants of the study were 274 current Sakarya University students. In this study, the psychometric properties of the scale were examined by means of item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, criterion-related validity, internal consistency and split-hal...

  12. The validity and reliability of Kogan’s attitude towards old people scale in the Turkish society

    OpenAIRE

    Dilek Kiliç; Derya Adibelli

    2011-01-01

    This study was conducted methodologically in order to determine the validity and reliability of Kogan’s Attitude towards Old People Scale after being adapted to the Turkish Society. 145 female students, attending the 4th and 5th year of the faculty of Medical Sciences at Atatürk University, and 118 nurses, working at Ataturk University Aziziye-Yakutiye Research Hospitals, were in-cluded in the study. The sample group was chosen from the population using a non-probability convenience sampli...

  13. Türkçe Ders Kitaplar?nda Bilim Ve Teknoloji Science And Technology In Turkish Textbook

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alpaslan OKUR

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Turkish lesson has the maximum loan in terms of hours per week in primary school programs. Turkish lesson, not only teach our language also contributes development of students in terms of liberal education and knowledge with the most beautiful example of the texts. For this reason, Turkish textbook is an important tool in Turkish lesson. In terms of information given in textbook, can be found all types of text. One of them is also subjects of science and technology. A childgets acquainted with the science and technology at early age in theinformation age that we have. While a child nested lives science andtechnology products; reaching more info about these, actualizes inschool age. The child?s recognizing technology in education early agecomes true with Turkish lesson. Becauseteaching accrues withlanguage in education. Turkish lesson that aims teaching a soundmother language at early years uses as a tool all of types text withbooks. In later periods, technology and science subjects of educationare also started teaching in other lessons. Even, while there is a lesson„Information Tecnologies? that given directly these subjects, this lessonhas been removed since 2010-2011 acedemic year. Because thesesubjects were distributed properly other lessons contents. Under thecircunstances, in later periods science and technology subjects havebeen more important in Turkish textbooks.In this study, 6-8 classes Turkish textbooks that approved byMEB and teached Turkey?s different parts were searched. Primarily intextbooks, texts were searched by determining „Science and Technology?topic; later digger topics science and technology-content texts wereevaluated by searching. Türkçe dersi, ilkö?retim programlar?nda, haftal?k ders saati bak?m?ndan en fazla krediye sahiptir. Çünkü Türkçe dersi, sadece dilimizi ö?retmiyor en güzel örnek metilerle genel kültür ve bilgi bak?m?ndan ö?rencilerin geli?imine de katk?da bulunuyor. Bu sebeple, Türkçe dersinde ders kitaplar? önemli bir araçt?r. ?çerisinde verdi?i bilgi bak?m?ndan her türlü metin bulunabilir. Bunlardan biri de bilim ve teknoloji konular?d?r. ?çinde bulundu?umuz bili?im ça??nda çocuk, bilim ve teknoloji ile çok erken ya?larda tan??maktad?r. Bilim ve teknolojik ürünlerle iç içe ya?arken bunlar hakk?nda daha geni? bilgilere ula?mas? ise okul ça??nda olmaktad?r. Çocu?un, okulda e?itimin erken y?llar?nda teknolojiyi tan?mas? Türkçe dersi arac?l???yla olmaktad?r. Çünkü e?itimde ö?retim dil ile gerçekle?ir. Erken y?llarda sa?lam bir ana dili ö?retimi vermeyi amaçlayan Türkçe dersi, kitaplar arac?l???yla her türlü metni araç olarak kullan?r. E?itimin ilerleyen dönemlerinde, teknoloji ve bilim konular? ba?ka derslerde de verilmeye ba?lan?r. Hatta bu konular? do?rudan veren “Bili?im Teknolojileri” adl? bir ders varken, 2011-2012 e?itim ö?reitm y?l?ndan itibaren bu ders kald?r?lm??t?r. Çünkü bu konular, di?er derslerin içeriklerine uygun bir ?ekilde da??t?lm??t?r. Durum böyle olunca da ilerleyen dönemlerde Türkçe ders kitaplar?nda ilim ve teknoloji konular? daha önemli hale gelmi?tir.Bu ara?t?rmada, MEB taraf?ndan onaylanm?? ve Türkiye?nin de?i?ik yerlerindeki okullarda okutulan 6-8. s?n?flar Türkçe dersi kitaplar? incelenmi?tir. Kitaplarda öncelikle “Bilim ve Teknoloji” temas? tespit edilerek metinler incelenmi?, daha sonra da digger temalardaki bilim ve teknoloji içerikli metinler incelenerek de?erlendirilmi?tir.

  14. TURKISH SHEPHERD DOG KANGAL IN SIVAS FOLKLORE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A?k?n YA?AR

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available As one of animals to which are approached with great sympathy by Turkishpeople, Kangal dogs are among the animals accepted sacred in Turkish folklore.Kangals as shepherd dogs were brought into Anatolia along with herds owned byOghuz clans the traditional livelihood of which depends on sheep herds. Being theoldest and most common race of natural shepherd dog, Turkish shepherd dog,Kangal, has survived with all characteristics of it mostly thanks to the matchlessprotection of local people of the town Kangal.Throughout the study, the main objective is to determine the folkloricknowledge related with Kangal raising within folklore of Sivas and to make somecontribution to Turkish world of culture.The research material has consisted of folkloric knowledge obtained between9th April-10th July, 2012 with “information review forms” applied to peopleassociated with folkloric veterinary medicine and animal husbandry in Sivas (e.g.medicine practitioners, animal owners, other resource persons, etc.In the study, it has been determined that raisers in Sivas folklore classify theKangals according to general racial characteristics, color of their pelt and tails ofthem. They are grouped as “kurtçul”, “saf”, “k?rma”; and “alas?-boz”, “karayaka”,“sar? yaka”, “boz yaka”, “k?ll?”, “k?rç?l”; and “k?l?ç kuyruk”, “kuyru?u e?ri”, “k?vrakkuyruk”, based on racial characteristics, color of pelt and tails respectively. Also, ithas been gathered significant data on diseases and treatments on Kangals, generalracial standards (structure of the body, head and skull, etc., care and nutrition,estrus, delivery information, wolf choking incident, ear cut, stories, beliefs andidioms.Consequently, it can be suggested that one of reasons why Kangals havemanaged to keep its generation must be original stories and beliefs in Sivas, whichcover the Kangal`s wolf choke, intelligence, courage and loyalty; that lack ofknowledge and mistakes in folkloric veterinary medicine and breeding applicationsbe eliminated in animal rights and welfare terms.

  15. ANALYSIS OF DYSLEXIC STUDENTS READING DISORDER WITH EYE MOVEMENT TRACKING

    OpenAIRE

    Servet Bayram; Mucahit Camnalbur,; Esad Esgin

    2012-01-01

    In the study, we examine and compare dyslexic and normal readers, reading habits and eye movements during reading passages and pseudowords. Participants were 15 Turkish dyslexic students, suffering mainly from reading disorder. In addition there were 15 Turkish students who were regular readers and who did not have problems with reading. During reading passages and pseudowords, the eye movements of participants were recorded. For both text and pseudoword reading, the dyslexic readers exhibite...

  16. PIXE analysis of gallstones from Turkish patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The trace element analysis of gallstone samples removed by cholecystectomy from 100 Turkish patients has been done by using protons at 23.5 MeV and the PIXE method. Ca, Fe, Mn, K, Cl, Br, Cu and Zn elements were observed in the samples in varying concentrations related to the types of the gallstone. Elemental concentrations of the gall stones for these elements were determined. Rb was used as the internal reference. Ca concentration is the highest and it is followed by Fe, Mn

  17. PIXE analysis of gallstones from Turkish patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okumusoglu, Nazmi T. [Department of Physics, Rize Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, Rize (Turkey)]. E-mail: nazmituran@superonline.com; Korkmaz, Filiz [Department of Physics, Rize Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Karadeniz Technical University, Rize (Turkey); Birchall, Jim [Cyclotron Laboratory, Department of Physics, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 (Canada)

    2006-06-23

    The trace element analysis of gallstone samples removed by cholecystectomy from 100 Turkish patients has been done by using protons at 23.5 MeV and the PIXE method. Ca, Fe, Mn, K, Cl, Br, Cu and Zn elements were observed in the samples in varying concentrations related to the types of the gallstone. Elemental concentrations of the gall stones for these elements were determined. Rb was used as the internal reference. Ca concentration is the highest and it is followed by Fe, Mn.

  18. THE FLUFF OF BELOVED CLASSICAL TURKISH LITERATURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kür?at ?amil ?AH?N

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available It has been so much focused on beloved in Classical Turkish poetry that thousands of coupletshave been written for each limb and feature of hers. Poets have used a great number of analogies and metaphors with a wide world of imagination as for the fluff on and around the beloved's cheek and the lip. In this study, the fluff of beloved at issue in literary texts has been accentuated and the analogy and metaphor elements on this case has been ascertained. Dreams created around the fluff have been collectively presented.

  19. ISLAM AND TURKISH IMMIGRANTS IN THE NETHERLANDS /

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Umut AZAK

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available According to a recent report of the European MonitoringCentre on Racism and Xenophobia on Muslims in Europe, policiesand public discourse on Islam and experiences of discrimination andsocial and economic marginalization in the last five years havenegatively impacted on Muslim immigrants’ sense of belonging to thehost countries (Choudhury et al. 29. This is also true for the Turkish1immigrants in the Netherlands among whom only a small percentage(12 % regard themselves as being part of Dutch society (FORUMFactbook on the Position of Muslims in the Netherlands 16.

  20. Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis: review of Turkish reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ucan, E S; Keyf, A I; Aydilek, R; Yalcin, Z; Sebit, S; Kudu, M; Ok, U

    1993-02-01

    Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare disorder, only 173 cases having been reported worldwide. Fifty two cases from Turkey are reported, 49 of which have previously been described only in Turkish publications. The mean age of the patients was 27 (SD 12) years, 34 were male, and 10 were symptomless. In 40 of the 52 cases diagnosis was confirmed histopathologically. Nineteen cases were diagnosed in siblings. This high rate suggests that pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a familial disease, which, though rare, is for unknown reasons most common in Turkey. PMID:8493634

  1. Turkish Petroleum Corporation: Annual Report 2005

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A brief account of the generating electrical energy and building the most suitable generation facility activities carried out by the Turkish Petroleum Corporation, Ankara during the period January 2005 to December 2005 is presented. These activities are reported under the headings: 1) Our vision 2) Goals and objectives, strategies 3) Who we are 4) Board of directors 5) Domestic exploration and production activities 6) International exploration and production activities 7) Innovations in technology 8) Occupational safety and environmental protection 9) TPAO services 10) TPAO district Managements 11) Finance etc

  2. ACTIVITIES OF DEVELOPING VOCABULARY OF STUDENTS AND DICTIONARY USAGE IN TURKISH EDUCATION TÜRKÇE E??T?M?NDE Ö?RENC?LER?N SÖZ VARLI?INI GEL??T?RME ETK?NL?KLER? VE SÖZLÜK KULLANIMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali GÖÇER

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Vocabulary is to affect the success of education, teaching and the skills of language of students. Words have important function in communication. In this study the importance of vocabulary is emphasized, the techniques need to be application during education of the students on new words and word training techniques are being investigated. Söz varl???, ö?rencilerin dil becerilerini, e?itim ve ö?retim ba?ar?lar?n? do?rudan etkilemektedir. Bireyler aras? ileti?imde de söz varl???n?n önemi büyüktür. Bu çal??mada söz varl???n?n önemi üzerinde durulmakta, ö?rencilere yeni kelimelerin kazand?r?lmas?nda takip edilmesi gereken teknikler ve kelime ö?retimine yönelik gerçekle?tirilebilecek etkinliklere i?aret edilmektedir.

  3. TURKISH BRIDGE EXTENDING FROM MACEDONIA: ‘JOURNAL OF ‘KÖPRܒ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuray KAYAD?B?

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Macedonia has hosted to different nations throughout the history. It constitutes a mosaic structure in which people from different nations, languages and cultures live together. 34 different nationalities and ethnic groups, particularly Macedonians, Turks, Albanian, Gypsies (Roms, Bulgarians, Wallach, Greeks and Bosnians live in the country. A long history of Turkish is in question in these lands. Turks in Macedonia conserve the Turkish culture in unity. Even if some problems are confronted resulting from their being minority, they can study in Turkish and print out Turkish newspapers and journals. Journal of ‘Köprü’ is a journal which is printed out in Skopje city of Macedonia by which important names of Macedonian Turkish literature and Turkish youth make themselves heard. It is seen in the articles of the journal that Turkish culture is studied intensively. In this research, information about ‘Köprü’ culture, art, literature journal and Association of ‘Köprü’ Culture, Art and Education has been given and it has been tried to be advertised. The editions of the journals which have been obtained have been examined and evaluations have been made about the articles in the journal.

  4. USING TURKISH OF NECAT? BEY NECATÎ BEY’?N TÜRKÇES?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ?erif Ali BOZKAPLAN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Necatî who have studies with old Anatolian Turkish, is known and gets attention as a man who speaks and uses Turkish very perfectly. It should be mentioned that idioms, proverbs, reduplications, mottos etc. Which are main stones of Turkish are take parts in poetry of Necatî. In addition to these Poet Necatî applies some structures spoken languages into literal language.Therefore, it is possible to see some archaic words aren’t used anymore in actual Turkish in Necatî’s poetry.In conclusion Necatî connects yesterday of Turkish and today of Turkish by using some features of history of Turkish. Eski Anadolu Türkçesi ile eser vermi? olan Necatî, Türkçeyi gayet iyi konu?an ve kullanan biri olarak dikkat çekmektedir. Türkçenin anlat?m vas?talar?ndan olan deyimler, atasözleri, ikilemeler, kal?p sözler, özlü sözler, vb. gibi yap? ta?lar?n?n Necatî ‘nin ?iirinde hayli yer buldu?unu belirtmek gerekir. Bunlara ilaveten ?air Necatî, konu?ma dilinin baz? kal?plar?n? da ?iir diline dahil etmi?tir.Öte yandan bugünkü Türkçede kullan?mdan dü?mü? baz? arkaik sözlere Necatî’nin ?iirinde rastlamak mümkündür.Görüldü?ü üzere Necatî geçmi?in baz? unsurlar?n? kullanarak Türkçenin geçmi?i ile o günü dolay?s?yla da bugünün aras?nda ba? kurmu?tur.

  5. TURKISH HARD COAL AGENCY ECONOMIC EFFECT OF ZONGULDAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mesut EL?BÜYÜK

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Turkish Hard Coal Agency -the only institution engaged in coal extractionhas made great contributions in the economic sense, in the western Black Sea region or even the entire Black Sea region. That institution Turkish Hard Coal Agency, particularly in terms of the development of the province of Zonguldak has been a decisive influence. The extraction of coal in the institution goes through in a challenging process. The businesses, factories, the location of lavuars, wells of Turkish Hard Coal Agency have appointed both urban development areas as well as the direction of migration. Depending on Turkish Hard Coal Agency, many industries have been established in this region but the region's economy is mainly dominated by iron and steel sector. Turkish Hard Coal Agency has made some significant impacts in the other activities of the workers in the institution. The agriculture, livestock, forestry, industrial and commercial activities remain under the influence of Turkish Hard Coal Agency and these activities are being shaped by the production of Turkish Hard Coal Agency. There is also seen the largest share of public investments in mining.

  6. Does Time Inconsistency Problem Apply For Turkish Monetary Policy?

    OpenAIRE

    O?zlale, U?mit; Ozcan, Kivilcim Metin

    2005-01-01

    We analyze the implications of the time inconsistency problem for the Turkish monetary policy in the last two decades. After deriving the restrictions that the Barro and Gordon model imposes on a time series model for inflation and output, we show that the time inconsistency problem can explain both the short-run and the long-run behaviour of inflation and output in the Turkish economy. The results also reveal that the Turkish monetary policymakers have put more emphasis on output stability t...

  7. THE INVESTIGATION OF TURKISH SOCCER SUPER LEAGUE COACH CHANGES

    OpenAIRE

    Halit Egesoy

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the replacements of the soccer coaches in the Turkish Professional Super league, between the year of 1997-2007, and how these replacements affect their teams. The data in this study were obtained from ‘Turkish Soccer Archives’ web page by Alper Duruk and Turkish Soccer Federation’s formal web pages in last 10 years. The current study’s data were examined throughout the tables created by Excel program. According to our findings, 116 soccer teams...

  8. Turkish accelerator complex, FEL resonator system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Accelerator technology is an important tool for the development in almost all fields of science and technology. Considering the importance of accelerator technology, a feasibility report and conceptual design report (CDR) on Turkish Accelerator Complex (TAC) in Turkey has been completed in 2005. It is proposed that the complex will contain a collider, light sources (SR, FEL) and a proton accelerator. Beginning of 2006, third phase of the TAC project is started with the collaboration 10 Turkish Universities. There are three main goals of this phase: to built Institute of Accelerator Technologies, to write the Technical Design Report of TAC, and to construct linac based infrared free electron laser facility to use in basic applied research and to get experience on related technologies. TAC IR-FEL will be covered range of 2-250 microns that based on 15-40 MeV e-linac. The main system of TAC project is briefly presented while calculated resonator and mirror system parameters for TAC IR-FEL. Resonator and optic cavity system such as maximum density, saturation density, power, pulse energy, RMS pulse length are obtained and explained in more detail. In this research, diffraction losses are calculated by using mirror parameters in GLASD program. In order to maximize FEL efficiency, controlled optic cavity system, stability and beam quality of the out-coupled signal are needed. FEL parameters are given depending on electron beam parameterseters

  9. Current snapshot of the Turkish ESCO market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Turkey's Energy Efficiency Law (EEL), enacted in 2007, had been expected to transform the energy policies in government and private sectors, and offer opportunities for, then-impending, Turkish Energy Service Company (ESCO) market. Yet, the communiqué of the EEL related to ESCOs was released only recently in July 2012. In this work, we review the current status of the ESCO market in Turkey. We provide an outlook through the recent legal communiqué and present barriers, enabling factors, and opportunities, supported by country's financial and economic facts. ESCO-financing mechanism prevailing and the sources of financing in the country are also mentioned. The communiqué on ESCOs fits well in the chain of regulatory attempts to increase Turkey's competitiveness in the global markets. However, we anticipate that some of its principles and procedures to be enforced may be deterrent for small-scale candidate ESCOs and may slow down the expected development of the Turkish ESCO market. Otherwise, the communiqué should lead restructuring of a stronger ESCO market in Turkey. - Highlights: • We review the current status of the ESCO market in Turkey. • We give outlook through the recent communiqué on ESCOs. • We provide view through financial and economic facts. • We present barriers, enabling factors, and suggestions

  10. Marshak Lectureship: The Turkish Accelerator Center, TAC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yavas, Omer

    2012-02-01

    The Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) project is comprised of five different electron and proton accelerator complexes, to be built over 15 years, with a phased approach. The Turkish Government funds the project. Currently there are 23 Universities in Turkey associated with the TAC project. The current funded project, which is to run until 2013 aims *To establish a superconducting linac based infra-red free electron laser and Bremsstrahlung Facility (TARLA) at the Golbasi Campus of Ankara University, *To establish the Institute of Accelerator Technologies in Ankara University, and *To complete the Technical Design Report of TAC. The proposed facilities are a 3^rd generation Synchrotron Radiation facility, SASE-FEL facility, a GeV scale Proton Accelerator facility and an electron-positron collider as a super charm factory. In this talk, an overview on the general status and road map of TAC project will be given. National and regional importance of TAC will be expressed and the structure of national and internatonal collaborations will be explained.

  11. Political Cartoons in 1946 Turkish Elections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baki Can

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available 1946 elections retain a different part and significance by many aspects. Certainly, 1946 elections were not the only significant election in Turkish political history. However, 1946 elections indicate a crossroad, a milestone. 1946 elections express an important stage in Turkish political history as of transition stages from Selçuklu to principalities, from principalities to Ottoman State, from Ottoman State to Republic. Therefore it is one of the most important exchanges.Transition to multiparty system can be considered not with 1946 elections, but with the establishment of National Development Party (MKP. As a matter of fact, two distinct parties were established between 1923 and 1944; both of them were suppressed by the moderation of the council of ministers (Tuncer, 2003. On the other hand, the first party in the multiparty system period is the National Development Party, established on July 18, 1945 (MKP. As for Democrat Party (DP, it was established on January 7, 1946 following MKP (Tuncer, 2003.The significant part of 1946 elections with regards to this study of ours is that, it must be rather hard to decide electing the party to govern the country, for a mass, which was unaware of even imagining what the authority of electing one out of multiple until that day. At this point the role of mass media had been extensive in addition to messages received directly and via threshold level through face to face communication.

  12. Türkçenin Yabanc? Dil Olarak Ö?retimi Ders Kitaplar?nda Kültür Aktar?m? Cultural Transmission Through Teaching Turkish As a Foreign Language Course Books

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih YILMAZ

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Communication in foreign language teaching is gaining more importance in today’s world. Language students find that learning the vocabulary and grammatical structures of a particular language is not enough to gain proficiency in the language. The close relationship between language and culture reveals the fact that it is impossible to master a language without learning its culture. Therefore, the course books used for teaching a foreign language must improve students’ communication skills by raising their cultural awareness. In this study, culture transfer through course books is analyzed and evaluated within the context of teaching Turkish to foreigners. The Yeni Hitit Yabanc?lar için Türkçe series, the course books used in the Turkish Studies Department at Jagiellonian University, are evaluated according to the following cultural transfer criteria: a subject area, (b type of text and (c visuality. The evaluation of the Yeni Hitit Yabanc?lar için Türkçe course book series from the perspective of cultural transmission has revealed that they contain elements that present Turkish culture to students with its different aspects and succeed in transmitting the Turkish culture to students for whom they are intended. Course books that promote communicative and intercultural competence should be chosen to teach Turkish as a foreign language at Polish universities. Günümüzde yabanc? dil ö?retiminde ileti?imin önemi gittikçe artmaktad?r. Dil ö?renenler için sadece o dilin kelime ve dilbilgisi yap?lar?n? ö?renmek dil yeterlili?i aç?s?ndan yeterli de?ildir. Dil ve kültür aras?ndaki yak?n ili?ki, bir dile o dilin kültürünü ö?renmeden hâkim olunamayaca?? gerçe?ini ortaya koymaktad?r. Bundan dolay?, yabanc? dil ö?retimi için kullan?lan ders kitaplar? da kültürel fark?ndal??? art?rarak ileti?im becerilerini geli?tirmesi beklenmektedir.

  13. Turkish counselor educators’ opinions about counselor candidates’ dispositions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fidan Korkut Owen

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Counselor candidates are assessed though homework, exams, projects and thesis during their education. On the other hand, there are some discussions about assessments of their dispositions besides their academic achievement. Even though here is no consensus about what these characteristics are, openness, self-awareness, honesty can be given as an example. The purpose of this study is three­fold: a to describe what Turkish counselor educators think about which dispositions counselor candidates should have, b how these dispositions can be developed or enriched and c how they can be assessed. Researchers developed a questionnaire with five open ended questions and it was sent to 48 counselor educators via email, 34 of them from 23 universities (three of them were private sent their feedback, so return rate was 71%. The findings were analyzed by using descriptive statistics such as frequencies. According to findings, counselor educators mainly revealed that honesty, being open for communication, empathetic understanding, self-awareness, being flexible and helpful are fundamental dispositions. According to counselor educators these dispositions can be developed by increasing the number of practicum courses, adding counseling supervision courses and practices to education program, being a role model as counselor educators. Counselor educators suggested that dispositions can be assessed by evaluating students’ performance during practicum courses, using test and non-test assessment techniques, observing them and interviewing. Results were discussed in light of current literature.

  14. A study of prospective Turkish science teachers’ knowledge at the popular biotechnological issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emine Selcen DARCIN

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge level of popular biotechnological issues of prospective Turkish science teachers. A questionnaire was administered during 2005-2006 academic year to 194 students in the Department of Science Education of a university in Turkey. The questionnaire covered six biotechnological issues such as biotechnology, agrobiotechnology, human health and pharmacy, environment and biotechnology, and food production with biotechnology. Results showed that whereas department of science education students had an approximate consistent knowledge of describing biotechnology and human health/pharmacy that almost all students had an inadequate knowledge about other biotechnological issues. Finally, the results were compared with other studies in the world.

  15. Religiosity, Values, and Acculturation: A Study of Turkish, Turkish Belgian, and Belgian Adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Gu?ngo?r, Derya; Bornstein, Marc H.; Phalet, Karen

    2012-01-01

    We address the understudied religious dimension of acculturation in acculturating adolescents who combine a religious Islamic heritage with a secularized Christian mainstream culture. The religiosity of 197 Turkish Belgian adolescents was compared with that of 366 agemates in Turkey (the heritage culture) and 203 in Belgium (the mainstream culture) and related to cultural values, acculturation orientations, and ethnic identification. Belgian adolescents showed lower and declining religiosity ...

  16. The status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Turkish Accelerator Center (TAC) project is supported by the State Planning Organization (SPO) of Turkey and coordinated by Ankara University. After having completed the Feasibility Report (FR) in 2000 and the Conceptual Design Report (CDR) in 2005, third phase of the project started in 2006 as an inter-universities project including ten Turkish Universities with the support of SPO. Third phase of the project has two main scientific goals: to prepare the Technical Design Report (TDR) of TAC and to establish an Infrared Free Electron Laser (IR FEL) facility, named as Turkish Accelerator and Radiation Laboratory at Ankara (TARLA) as a first step. The facility is planned to be completed in 2015 and will be based on 15-40 MeV superconducting linac. In this paper, main aims, national and regional importance, main parts main parameters, status and road map of Turkish Accelerator Center will be presented.

  17. Semantic Attractors in Text Structures: the Case of Turkish.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    H?ebí?ek, Lud?k

    2006-01-01

    Ro?. 74, ?. 4 (2006), s. 461-471. ISSN 0044-8699 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z9021901 Keywords : Text structure * Semantic attractor * Contextual weight * The Turkish language Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  18. A Study of Turkish Chemistry Undergraduates' Understandings of Entropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sozbilir, Mustafa; Bennett, Judith M.

    2007-01-01

    Entropy is that fundamental concept of chemical thermodynamics, which explains the natural tendency of matter and energy in the Universe. The analysis presents the description of entropy, as understood by the Turkish chemistry undergraduates.

  19. Retired physicians: a survey study by the Turkish Medical Association

    OpenAIRE

    Gokce-kutsal, Y.; Ozcakar, L.; Arslan, S.; Sayek, F.

    2004-01-01

    Background: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life of retired Turkish physicians. The focus was on their working conditions, their health status, and the impact of their disabilities on activities of daily life.

  20. [Differences between psychopathological evaluation in German and Turkish language of Turkish immigrants].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haasen, C; Yagdiran, O; Mass, R

    2000-11-01

    The elevated rate of schizophrenia among migrants has been explained, among others, with misdiagnosis due to symptoms' being misinterpreted as psychotic. Previous studies have shown both higher and lower rates of psychotic symptoms of these patients when interviewed in their mother tongues, compared to being interviewed in the second language. In this study, 91 patients of Turkish origin and 50 of German origin with a paranoid-hallucinatory syndrome at admission were examined by an one interviewer each of Turkish and German origins using a standardized psychopathological instrument. In spite of comparative samples, correlation of psychopathological evaluation as well as diagnostic agreement between the two interviewers was significantly higher in the German patient group. Within the Turkish patient group, correlation was higher for those with good German language knowledge than for those with poor knowledge, yet only on a few items and without an effect on diagnostic agreement. The greatest difficulties lie in the evaluation of delusions. In spite of higher disagreement on psychopathology, the potential misdiagnoses cannot sufficiently explain the higher rate of schizophrenia among migrants. PMID:11103365

  1. THE INFLUENCY OF LANGUAGE COMPETENCE AND BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE UPON TEXT COMPREHENSION OF TURKISH ACQUIRER OF GERMAN AS A THIRD LANGUAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nihan DEM?RYAY

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the learning behaviour during text comprehension of Turkish students who are learning German as a third language after English. For this purpose, this study contributes to explore the cognitive abilities that help readers to comprehend texts which are written in German as foreign language. Therefore the study considers variables that determine the comprehension of linear texts. These variables are the language competence, and background knowledge. To this end, data have been collected in order to test the influence of the mentioned variables on text comprehension of learners studying German as their third language. The findings indicate that the language competences of English and background knowledge are the most important variables for the understanding of German texts of Turkish acquirer of German as a third language. Regarding this finding, this present study intends to provide an explanation for learners behaviour involved in text comprehension.

  2. A Sign-Based Phrase Structure Grammar for Turkish

    OpenAIRE

    Sehitoglu, Onur Tolga

    1996-01-01

    This study analyses Turkish syntax from an informational point of view. Sign based linguistic representation and principles of HPSG (Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar) theory are adapted to Turkish. The basic informational elements are nested and inherently sorted feature structures called signs. In the implementation, logic programming tool ALE (Attribute Logic Engine) which is primarily designed for implementing HPSG grammars is used. A type and structure hierarchy of...

  3. Turkish Presidential Elections TRT Publicity Speech Facial Expression Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Tasli, H. Emrah; Ivan, Paul

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, facial expressions of the three Turkish presidential candidates Demirtas, Erdogan and Ihsanoglu (in alphabetical order) are analyzed during the publicity speeches featured at TRT (Turkish Radio and Television) on 03.08.2014. FaceReader is used for the analysis where 3D modeling of the face is achieved using the active appearance models (AAM). Over 500 landmark points are tracked and analyzed for obtaining the facial expressions during the whole speech. All sou...

  4. Behavioural aspects influencing the performance of Turkish fund managers

    OpenAIRE

    Sergi, Bruno S.; Omar Masood

    2009-01-01

    Using original survey data collected by the authors in 2005 we investigate the determinants of Turkish fund managers’ performance as measured by the number of clients that a fund manager has, the number of investment funds that the manager is responsible for and the size of the manager’s portfolio. All three measures of Turkish fund manager performance systematically vary with fund manager characteristics. This is consistent with Chevalier and Ellison&am...

  5. Prospective teachers’ views about the problems of Turkish educational system

    OpenAIRE

    Kür?ad Y?lmaz; Yahya Alt?nkurt

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the research is to determine prospective teachers’ views about problems in the Turkish educational system. The research is a survey model study. The research group consists of 91 volunteer prospective teachers attending Faculty of Education, Dumlup?nar University. The participants are asked to define the most crucial five problems in the Turkish education system in writing and explain those issues in a justifiable way. Descriptive analysis technique is used for data analysis. Ac...

  6. Market Research on the Turkish Shipbuilding Industry : case: Koskisen Oy

    OpenAIRE

    Tetri, Anna

    2013-01-01

    This market research of the Turkish shipbuilding industry and shipyards was carried out as an assignment for Koskisen Oy, a Finnish plywood manufacturer. The main objectives of the research were to describe Turkey as a business environment from an importer’s point of view, to introduce the Turkish shipbuilding industry and find contacts among the shipyards. The theoretical framework of the study is based on both published and electronic sources regarding internationalization and organiz...

  7. Everyday urban public space : Turkish immigrant women's perspective

    OpenAIRE

    U?nlu? Yu?cesoy, E.

    2006-01-01

    This thesis examines the use, experience, and appropriation of everyday urban public spaces by Turkish immigrant women living in Enschede, the Netherlands. Based on the two premises of conceptualizing the urban public space as a social construct and of valorizing users as social actors, the main objective of this thesis is to explore and analyze the spatial practices and variety of conceptions and interpretations of everyday urban public spaces, presenting the multi-facetedness of Turkish imm...

  8. Generating Context-Appropriate Word Orders in Turkish

    OpenAIRE

    Hoffman, Beryl

    1994-01-01

    Turkish has considerably freer word order than English. The interpretations of different word orders in Turkish rely on information that describes how a sentence relates to its discourse context. To capture the syntactic features of a free word order language, I present an adaptation of Combinatory Categorial Grammars called {}-CCGs (set-CCGs). In {}-CCGs, a verb's subcategorization requirements are relaxed so that it requires a set of arguments without specifying their line...

  9. Evaluation of Language and Literature Skills of Secondary School Students in Turkey According to International Baccalaureate Diploma Program Criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cetin, Ayse Yucel; Demiral, Hilmi

    2012-01-01

    In this study, evaluation criteria for the teaching of language and literature used in Turkey and in the world was discussed; language and literature skills of Turkish students who came to the final stage of the secondary education were evaluated according to International Baccalaureate Diploma Program -IBDP- Turkish A1 course criteria. Related…

  10. Illness causal beliefs in Turkish immigrants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klimidis Steven

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background People hold a wide variety of beliefs concerning the causes of illness. Such beliefs vary across cultures and, among immigrants, may be influenced by many factors, including level of acculturation, gender, level of education, and experience of illness and treatment. This study examines illness causal beliefs in Turkish-immigrants in Australia. Methods Causal beliefs about somatic and mental illness were examined in a sample of 444 members of the Turkish population of Melbourne. The socio-demographic characteristics of the sample were broadly similar to those of the Melbourne Turkish community. Five issues were examined: the structure of causal beliefs; the relative frequency of natural, supernatural and metaphysical beliefs; ascription of somatic, mental, or both somatic and mental conditions to the various causes; the correlations of belief types with socio-demographic, modernizing and acculturation variables; and the relationship between causal beliefs and current illness. Results Principal components analysis revealed two broad factors, accounting for 58 percent of the variation in scores on illness belief scales, distinctly interpretable as natural and supernatural beliefs. Second, beliefs in natural causes were more frequent than beliefs in supernatural causes. Third, some causal beliefs were commonly linked to both somatic and mental conditions while others were regarded as more specific to either somatic or mental disorders. Last, there was a range of correlations between endorsement of belief types and factors defining heterogeneity within the community, including with demographic factors, indicators of modernizing and acculturative processes, and the current presence of illness. Conclusion Results supported the classification of causal beliefs proposed by Murdock, Wilson & Frederick, with a division into natural and supernatural causes. While belief in natural causes is more common, belief in supernatural causes persists despite modernizing and acculturative influences. Different types of causal beliefs are held in relation to somatic or mental illness, and a variety of apparently logically incompatible beliefs may be concurrently held. Illness causal beliefs are dynamic and are related to demographic, modernizing, and acculturative factors, and to the current presence of illness. Any assumption of uniformity of illness causal beliefs within a community, even one that is relatively culturally homogeneous, is likely to be misleading. A better understanding of the diversity, and determinants, of illness causal beliefs can be of value in improving our understanding of illness experience, the clinical process, and in developing more effective health services and population health strategies.

  11. Geographical motifs in Turkish folk music lexicon and similarity analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet ?ahin

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Turkish folk music, as the name implies, is music that comes from the people and it is a kind of music that defines and tells the people. It is significantly affected by the physical and human features of the region where it is said. Turkey which is located on Anatolia that hosts many civilizations through history has rich folk music culture. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of geography in shaping Turkish folk music and to specify Turkish folk music regions. For this purpose, 4440 Turkish folk music works which are hold in TRT repertoire are scanned and the geographic words in these works are classified according to provinces. According to these selected words, similarity levels of the provinces are identified. Hierarchical clustering analysis is applied to determine the similarity levels of the provinces. Similarity distance between provinces is calculated with the hierarchical cluster analysis. As a result of this analysis, the works of Turkish folk music influenced by geographical features and there are some similarities and interactions between localities and the regions. According to geographic vocabulary similarities used in the works of Turkish folk music, Turkey is divided into six regions, namely Western Anatolia, Central Anatolia, East Anatolia, Middle East Anatolia, Southeast Anatolia and the Black Sea region.

  12. Workplace violence: a study of Turkish workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aytac, Serpil; Bozkurt, Veysel; Bayram, Nuran; Yildiz, Selver; Aytac, Mustafa; Akinci, Fusun Sokullu; Bilgel, Nazan

    2011-01-01

    This research was conducted to address the experience of workplace violence of Turkish workers from different sectors and to investigate the impact of the exposed violence on their psychological well-being. Data were collected anonymously with printed questionnaires from the volunteer participants and depended on self-reporting. The response rate was 79.0% (1708/2161). The prevalence of workplace violence was found to be 44.8%. The most common type was verbal violence together with mobbing (bullying). Victims of physical violence were mostly males, whereas females were found to be victims of verbal, psychological and sexual violence. Most cases did not result in legal action and the victims remained silent. Psychological well-being of exposed workers in terms of depression, anxiety and stress seemed to deteriorate. Workplace violence remains a silent epidemic in Turkey. Preventive measures against workplace violence and social support for violated workers do not exist. PMID:22152504

  13. Estimation of Turkish road transport emissions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Using the COPERT III program, an inventory of Turkish road transport emissions was calculated and the contributions of road transport to global and local air pollutant emissions were examined for the year 2004. It was observed that passenger cars are the main source of CO, HC, and Pb emissions while heavy duty vehicles are mainly responsible for NO x , particulate matter (PM), and SO2 emissions. Taking the emissions for the year 2004 as the baseline, a parametric study was conducted to determine the emission reduction potentials of different road transport strategies. The results indicated that the following road transport strategies; fleet renewal, promotion of public transportation, and faster urban traffic speed are very effective strategies for reducing regulated emissions and fuel consumption (FC) from a technical point of view. It was also noted that replacement of two-stroke motorcycles with four-stroke motorcycles is as effective as fleet renewal in reducing HC emissions

  14. Turkish oil and gas: special report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1992-02-07

    The new Turkish coalition government's austerity plans to curb inflation seem unlikely to relieve the country's heavy dependence on imported supplies of energy before the mid-1990s. Though the construction of new power stations, including the 2,400 MW Ataturk dam scheme in the southeast will ease the situation, rising long-term energy demand will increase the importance of the oil and gas sector, where import dependency is particularly accentuated, domestic output meeting only 18% of demand. This article gives details of the boost in domestic crude production arising out of recent discoveries, outlines the state of the state controlled refining industry and describes the way the state pipeline agency has turned its attention to gas development since losing revenues from the loss of transport of Iraqi crude as a consequence of the Gulf crisis. (author).

  15. Turkish oil and gas: special report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The new Turkish coalition government's austerity plans to curb inflation seem unlikely to relieve the country's heavy dependence on imported supplies of energy before the mid-1990s. Though the construction of new power stations, including the 2,400 MW Ataturk dam scheme in the southeast will ease the situation, rising long-term energy demand will increase the importance of the oil and gas sector, where import dependency is particularly accentuated, domestic output meeting only 18% of demand. This article gives details of the boost in domestic crude production arising out of recent discoveries, outlines the state of the state controlled refining industry and describes the way the state pipeline agency has turned its attention to gas development since losing revenues from the loss of transport of Iraqi crude as a consequence of the Gulf crisis. (author)

  16. Turkish Teachers’ Practices of Assessment for Learning in the English as a Foreign Language Classroom

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hüseyin Öz

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Recently there has been a noticeable paradigm shift in educational assessment where assessment and student learning are viewed as inseparable and assessment is perceived as a tool for supporting student learning. This study was designed to investigate Turkish teachers’ preferences of common assessment methods in the English as a foreign language (EFL classroom, their Assessment for Learning (AFL practices, and determine whether they differed in their AFL practices according to some variables such as years of teaching experience, gender, and public vs. private school context. 120 EFL teachers completed the online self-report Assessment for Learning Questionnaire for Teachers (TAFL-Q consisting of 28 statements on a 5-point (ranging from strongly disagree to strongly agree Likert scale (? = .92. The findings revealed that most Turkish EFL teachers rely on conventional methods of assessment rather than formative assessment processes. While they generally reported high levels of perceived monitoring (82.86% and scaffolding practices (86.94% of AFL, they had significant differences in their assessments, especially monitoring in support of student learning, according to years of teaching experience, gender, and private vs. public schools variables (p<0.05. To practice AFL, teachers need to appraise their current assessment practices and develop AFL strategies and feedback procedures. Their perceptions of AFL cannot change overnight, nor do they can do it individually and independently. They need support from different sources to recognize the effect of their previous perspectives on their practices and weigh them against the insights offered by the new assessment culture. Through self-report and observational data from both teachers and students to get better insights into monitoring and scaffolding practices, further research could be conducted to explore probable mismatches between teacher and student perceptions of AFL in EFL classrooms.

  17. INSTEAD OF TEACHING THE TEXT LEARNING WITH TEXT IN TEACHING TURKISH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Firdevs GÜNE?

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In our world, from 1900s to the present, much kind of approaches and methods have been applied on language teaching. These approaches are traditional, behavioral, constructive and cognitive as the main parts. The traditional approach which is the oldest approach in the language teaching covers the teaching of rules of the grammer, literature, proverbs and liberal education.The language has been teached as the other behaviors, like repetation, imitation, memorizing and classical conditioning as the stimulation-reaction in behavioral approach. These thoughts had start to been changed in 1950s and the thought that is the “language is the for the communicating” had start to spred. Then the studies containing communication and the usage of the language in daily life have been done. Nowadays with the constructive approach, the thought that is “language is the social communication tool” has been supported.The developing of mental, emotional, and social skills have been handled and teaching of language has been done with the many kind of activities,duties and projects. In our country, important developments have been done during the last years parallel to the world. A new Turkish Programme with the constructive approach has been prepared by leaving the behavioral approach. Education approaches such as constructive approach, multiples intellect, student-centered learning, inter-disciplinary approach, etc. are taken as basis in new 2004 Turkish Education Programme. In this way, new Turkish Programme contains developing skills such as mental, emotional, and social and language teaching is being done with the many kind of activities,duties and projects.

  18. The Influence of the Turkish Anti-Tobacco Law on Primary School Children in Edirne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erhan Tabako?lu

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The Turkish anti-tobacco law was accepted and effectuated in 1996. All forms of cigarette advertising, the sale of tobacco products to persons under the age of 18 and smoking in public institutions were all restricted. In this paper, we aimed to evaluate the influence of the Turkish anti-tobacco law on children for the periods before the law, after three years and after 10 years. Material and Methods: A self-completed questionnaire was distributed among primary school children. This included questions about the children’s smoking habits, their opinions of parents’ and teachers’ smoking habits, tobacco use in public places and the recognition rate of 16 food, drink, cigarette and toothpaste logos and brand names. The first, second and third applications of the questionnaire were performed with students who attended the same classes in the same primary schools, accounting for 772 children in June 1996, 1,157 children in February 1999 and 719 children in June 2006.Results: When these three periods were evaluated, it could be seen that the prevalence of having smoked significantly decreased (13.9%, 4%, 2.2%, p<0.001, as did the rate of purchasing cigarettes within the past week (36.6%, 29.1%, 15.8%, p<0.001. The disagreement with parents’ and teachers’ smoking habits and tobacco usage in public places increased significantly (p<0.001, while the recognition rates of some cigarette brand names and logos significantly decreased, specifically with regards to Marlboro, Camel and Samsun (p<0.001. Conclusion: The Turkish anti-tobacco law has had a positive effect on primary school children in Edirne, and therefore could be a model for other countries.

  19. False Equivalents in Turkmen Turkish / Türkmen Türkçesinde Yalanc? E?de?erler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuna BE?EN DEL?CE

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available False equivalents are ones of the subject which is studied mostly among works prepared in Turkish dialects area. It is generally said by false equivalents term that a word in two diffirent dialects of a language is same as origin, writing and pronunciation but is different as mean. In this study, independent language signs of same or different origin which confuse resarcher or student when it is given thought accourding to Turkish in Turkey is worked to ascertain. In the study, false equivalents are analysed with a different classification as taking account of phonological features belong to Turkmen Turkish. Türk lehçeleri alan?nda yap?lan çal??malar aras?nda en çok i?lenen konulardan biri de “yalanc? e?de?erler” konusudur. Bu konuda yap?lan çal??malar?n neredeyse tamam?nda yalanc? e?de?er terimiyle genel olarak bir dilin iki ayr? lehçesinde yer alan bir kelimenin köken, yaz?l?? ve söyleni?lerinin ayn?, anlamlar?n?n ayr? oldu?u durumlar anlat?lmaktad?r. Bu çal??mada ise Türkiye Türkçesi penceresinden Türkmen Türkçesine bakarken ara?t?rmac?y? ya da ö?renciyi yan?ltan ayn? ya da farkl? kökene sahip ba??ms?z dil göstergeleri tespit edilmeye çal???lm??t?r. Çal??mada yalanc? e?de?er yap?lar, Türkmen Türkçesinin ses bilgisi özellikleri de göz önüne al?narak di?er çal??malardan farkl? bir s?n?fland?rmayla incelenmi?tir.

  20. An Analysis of the Strenghts and Weaknesses of the Turkish Real Estate Market

    OpenAIRE

    Coskun, Yener

    2010-01-01

    Real estate is one of the foremost and traditional investments for Turkish household. In addition to this traditional demand, it has also observed that Turkish real estate market becomes one of the popular investment destination for foreign investors. 2003-2007 period would be accepted as the boom period for Turkish economy in general and real estate sector in specific. Although there are considerable opportunities in the market, both Turkish economy and real estate sector suffer ...

  1. Hamdi Suat-Hulusi Behçet: An Affective Trainee - Tutor Relationship from Turkish Medical History

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülay SATAR

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This article is about the trainee - tutor relationship between two eminent figures of Turkish medical history, namely Hamdi Suat Aknar (1873-1936 and Hulusi Behçet (1889-1948. Hamdi Suat Aknar was the pioneer of modern pathology in Turkey. Alongside his scientific achievements, he took educational activities seriously and exerted a great effort to train his students as proficient clinicians and physicians with good command of histology and histopathology. Hulusi Behçet met Hamdi Suat Aknar when he was a medical student and did not lose his contact with him ever since, even after becoming an internationally well-known scientist. Hulusi Behçet mentioned his tutor with gratitude at every opportunity and wrote a necrology full of sincerity after his death.

  2. A comparative study of the pathergy reaction among Turkish and British patients with Behçet's disease.

    OpenAIRE

    Yazici, H.; Chamberlain, M. A.; Tu?zu?n, Y.; Yurdakul, S.; Mu?ftu?oglu, A.

    1984-01-01

    Forty-eight Turkish and 12 British patients along with 24 Turkish and 7 British healthy controls were assessed for the presence of the pathergy phenomenon. A photographic method with 'blind' reading was utilised. The pathergy phenomenon was present only among the Turkish patients.

  3. Lexical Richness in Maternal Input and Vocabulary Development of Turkish Preschoolers in the Netherlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir-Vegter, Serpil; Aarts, Rian; Kurvers, Jeanne

    2014-01-01

    The present study examined lexical richness in maternal input to Turkish preschool children in the Netherlands and the relationship with their vocabulary. Fifteen Turkish mother-child dyads were videotaped at the age of 3 and 4 in three settings: book reading, picture description and block building. Children's vocabulary in Turkish was…

  4. Determining the Comprehensibility of Texts in Sixth Grade Turkish Course Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iseri, Kamil

    2010-01-01

    Texts are stated to have an important role in Turkish language education relevant to the goals stated in the Primary Schools Turkish Lesson Teaching Program and Guide (2006), and in the formation and improvement of the individual's reading culture. The aim of the study is to determine the comprehensibility levels of the texts in the Turkish…

  5. Teaching Strategies and Class Practices of the Teachers who Teach Turkish as a Foreign Language (A Qualitative Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Gocer

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: In the globalizing world, second language/foreign language has gained a great importance. The importance of the foreign language teaching has increased in our time in which knowing a foreign language has deviated from being a specialty and become a feature that everyone must have. For that purpose, teachers must know the characteristics of the learners very well and must enrich the learning environment with different techniques and materials in accordance with the environment facilities. Approach: In this study, it has been aimed to determine the language teaching strategies and class practices of the teachers who taught students of foreign origin in Turkey Turkish as a foreign language. To that end, interview and observation forms have been prepared. The content analysis of the data obtained with interview and observation forms has been conducted in the scope of qualitative research approach. Results: Teachers are not capable of giving an adequate language education due to such reasons as they did not receive a special education with the purpose of teaching Turkish as a foreign language and they preferred traditional methods instead of modern strategy and methods. Conclusions/Recommendations: In order to conduct language education in Turkey in accordance with the international norms, importance must be attached to the training of qualified language teachers, the significance of teaching Turkish as a foreign language must be discussed in academic environments and researches must be carried out.

  6. Using PISA 2003, Examining the Factors Affecting Students' Mathematics Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demir, Ibrahim; Kilic, Serpil

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of learning strategies on mathematics achievement. The sample was compiled from students who participated in Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in Turkey. The data consisted of 4493 15 years old Turkish students in 158 schools, and analyzed by two levels Bernoulli model as a…

  7. Sources of Foreign Language Student Teacher Anxiety: A Qualitative Inquiry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merc, Ali

    2011-01-01

    This study aimed to find out the sources of foreign language student teacher anxiety experienced by Turkish EFL student teachers throughout the teaching practicum using qualitative data collection tools. 150 student teachers completing their teaching practicum as part of their graduation requirement at Anadolu University Faculty of Education…

  8. Nanotechnology Awareness, Opinions and Risk Perceptions among Middle School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahin, Nurettin; Ekli, Emel

    2013-01-01

    The present study investigates awareness, factual knowledge, opinions, and risk perceptions of students from Turkish middle schools with regard to nanotechnology in a very general sense. The study was carried out among 1,396 middle school 6th, 7th, and 8th grade students. The students' perceptions of and opinions about nanotechnology were…

  9. Evaluation of English Language Teaching Departments of Turkish and Iranian Universities in Terms of Politeness Strategies with Reference to Request

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Rafieyan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The ultimate objective in post-method pedagogy is developing language learner’s communicative competence to enable them to participate in communication acts. Effective oral communication entails observation of a number of conversational principles and appropriate use of various strategies to avoid violation of mutually recognized rules, e.g. politeness strategies. Some researchers believe that politeness strategies have a number of universal Features (Goff man, 1967, 1971: Goody, 1978 a. In line with previous research studies, the present study set out to investigate whether nationality would influence the use of request politeness strategies by Iranian and Turkish EFL learners at the same proficiency level. Participants in this study included 448 students at four different levels of proficiency who were majoring in English language teaching at Gazi University in turkey and Islamic Azad University – Tabriz Branch. 224 Turkish students at four different grade levels and the same number of Iranian students participated directly in this phase of the research. Each grade level group consisted of 56 students. The researcher administered a questionnaire enquiring their preferences in selecting the proper forms of requests ( Blum - Kulka & Olshtain , 1985 .The statistical analysis revealed a strong correlation in intra-groups while the inter – group results displayed relatively significant differences . The Turkish participants used request politeness strategies more appropriately than Iranians which support the role of culture in the use of such strategies. The findings highlight the necessity of observing cultural background in teaching communication strategies such as request politeness strategies particularly in EFL contexts. Keywords: Politeness Strategies, Request, Cross-Cultural analysis, Communication Strategies, Cultural Background

  10. Attitudinal Dispositions of Students toward the English Language: Sociolinguistic and Sociocultural Considerations

    OpenAIRE

    Ersoy Erdemir

    2013-01-01

    Problem Statement: The status, value, and importance of a language is often measured by the attitudes toward that language. Learning a second or foreign language and attaining proficiency in it is closely related to the attitudes of learners toward the language. A few studies have investigated language attitudes of Turkish students toward the English language in Turkey. However, the same issue has not been explored among Turkish students learning and using the English language in a country wh...

  11. The validity and reliability study of Turkish version of the multiple intelligences developmental assessment scales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayten ?flazo?lu Saban

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to adapt Multiple Intelligences Developmental Assessment Scales (MIDAS to Turkish. After examining and confirming equivalency between English and Turkish versions the scale was administered to a sample (1466 participant including undergraduate, graduate students at the Cukurova University and adult in Adana, Turkey. In addition, test-retest reliability was assessed using a sample of undergraduate, graduate and adults in Adana,Turkey (N=100. In order to examine the validity and reliability properties of the scale, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, Cronbach Alpha correlation coefficients, corrected item-total correlations and t-tests between items’ means of upper 27%-lower 27% points were used. The final analysis accounted for 41.93 % of the variance under 93 items and 7 factors. The internal consistency coefficient (? = .87 was within ideal ranges. Also results of confirmatory factor analysis show that the model fitness indicator indexes meet the statistical standards [?2=16558.65 (sd=4164, p<.001, (?2/sd=3.98, NNFI= 0.95, NFI=0.93, CFI=0.95, IFI= 0.95, RMSEA=0.052, and SRMR= 0.062].

  12. Functions of Turkish complementary schools in the UK: Official vs. Insider discourses

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Çise, Çavu& #351; o& #287; lu.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english Complementary schools in the United Kingdom (UK) are community organised schools with the general aim of teaching younger generations their 'native' languages and cultures. However, the aims and practices of these schools are predominantly dependent on changes in the social and political contexts bo [...] th in the host country (in this case the UK) as well as in the respective 'home' countries of these children. This study focuses on one such Turkish complementary school in London, aiming to describe and analyse the functions of these schools more broadly, by means of a variety of perspectives and using a social constructivist approach. Data collected from official documents, participant observations, as well as interviews with parents, teachers, students and organisers of the schools, were analysed, focusing on the emerging themes in relation to the functions and practices of the schools. The analysis revealed that the official discourses, which stress the issue of underachievement amongst young people from Turkish speaking backgrounds in the UK, differ strikingly from the participants' perceptions of the functions of the school, as well as the actual teaching and learning practices found there. This discrepancy is attributed to trends in current neo-liberal educational discourses and the discourses surrounding ethnically-oriented educational provisions in the UK.

  13. The Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Form of the Somatosensory Amplification Scale

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    Kemal Sayar

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In this study, the authors aimed to investigate the reliability and validity of the Somatosensory Amplification Scale (SSAS that was developed by Barsky et al. in the Turkish population. Method: The study was carried out with 42 patients with Fibromyalgia Syndrome and Asthma Diseases attending to outpatient Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation and Chest Diseases clinics and 86 healthy students from Karadeniz Technical Univercity (KTU. Results: SSAS scores were normally distributed, and had acceptable test-retest reliability (r: 0.73 and internal consistency (a, 0.62-0.76. Item to scale correlations varied from 0.10 to 0.72, and most were highly significant. Whereas, one item (item 1 in the control group and one item (item 2 in the patient group had low item-total score correlation (r<0.15. Criterion related validity of SSAS was shown with significant correlation between Symptom Interpretation Questionnaire, Toronto Alexithymia Scale and Symptom Check List 90 Revised somatization subscale. The validity analysis of the scale resulted in a very high significant difference (p<0.01 between the mean SSAS scores of the control and the patient group. Discussion: ITest-retest, internal reliability, and item-total score correlation, discriminating power for specific groups and criterion related validity of the SSAS show that the scale has acceptable reliability and validity for the Turkish population.

  14. American style or Turkish chair: the triumph of bodily comfort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çevik, Gülen

    2010-01-01

    This article investigates the reciprocal influence of Ottoman Turkish and American interiors in the development of seating furniture. Seating furniture is unique because it involves a direct and physical interaction between the piece of furniture and the body, while at the same time it is part of a public space where social interactions occur. I will argue that the interactions between the Ottoman Turks and Americans are reflected in the way these traditions modified their seating furniture as they sought to mediate cultural, political and social differences between them. The concept of bodily comfort will serve as a common thread in understanding the origin of the expression "American style" (Amerikan stili or Amerikan tarz?) in modern Turkish language, the "Turkish chairs" in Victorian America in the late nineteenth century and the English language use of words such as sofa, ottoman and divan. PMID:21114093

  15. ABOUTH DANTE IN TURKISH / TÜRKÇEDE DANTE ÜZER?NE

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    Assoc. Prof. Dr. O?uz KARAKARTAL

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the answers to the question: with whom westretch our intellectual horizons towards the west isDante. Since the 1980's we have come across, first, withhis name and his life in articles and in printed materialsabout Turkish Literature. After the 1990's, however, littlepieces of translated passages from Dante can be seen onthe printed papers. During the Republican Period manybooks were published and Dante began to be a sourceand an influence on the Turkish writers. In Turkish authors' works, mostly in the writings of Halide Edip Ad?var,Yakup Kadri Karaosmano?lu, Nihal Ads?z, OrhanPamuk, Elif Safak and Tahsin Yücel, the traces andinfluence of Dante's Divine Comedy and its motifs arediscerned

  16. Low back pain and lumbar angles in Turkish coal miners

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarikaya, S.; Ozdolap, S.; Gumustas, S.; Koc, U. [Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Zonguldak (Turkey). Faculty of Medicine

    2007-02-15

    This study was designed to assess the incidence of low back pain among Turkish coal miners and to investigate the relationship between angles of the lumbar spine and low back pain in coal miners. Fifty underground workers (Group I) and 38 age-matched surface workers (Group II) were included in the study. All the subjects were asked about low back pain in the past 5 years. The prevalence of low back pain was higher in Group I than in Group II (78.0%, 32.4%, respectively, P {lt} 0.001). The results of the study showed that low back pain occurred in 78.0% of Turkish coal miners. Although the nature of the occupation may have influenced coal miners' lumbar spinal curvature, lumbar angles are not a determinant for low back pain in this population. Further extensive studies involving ergonomic measurements are needed to validate our results for Turkish coal mining industry.

  17. When Consciousness Dawns: Confronting Homophobia with Turkish High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michell, Michael J.

    2009-01-01

    Turkey, like many Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cultures, is homosocial. Profoundly intimate, though nonsexual, relationships between members of the same gender predominate. In such cultures it is expected that male friends kiss one another on the cheek when greeting or saying goodbye, and it is common to see men walk arm-in-arm together, hold…

  18. Turkish Elementary School Students' Perceptions of Local and Global Terrorism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aricak, Tolga; Bekci, Banu; Siyahhan, Sinem; Martinez, Rebecca

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: Historically, terrorism has occurred in various regions of the world and has been considered a local problem until the September, 11 terrorist attacks on the United States in 2001. After 9/11, terrorism has become a global concern. The definition of terrorism has changed from a violent act of a group of local people against their…

  19. Religious Instruction for Turkish Students of Muslim Faith in Bavaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahler, Gerhart

    1989-01-01

    Discusses difficulties of providing religious instruction for Muslim school children in the Federal Republic of Germany. Notes the lack of a united Islamic religious community that could assist in the development and implementation of such an instruction. Explains and analyzes the Bavarian Ministry of Education's guidelines concerning such…

  20. Democracy education in Turkish Education System

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    Mehmet Okutan

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to find out the reflection of legislation and practical samples of democracy education in school education of Turkish Education. Method of this study can be defined field study. For this purpose especially objectives, rules and principles in legislation was examined then did observations in schools and try to find out how the practical applications reflected in democracy education in schools. Results; although there are some expressions to carry out democracy education in legislation part of the system, democracy education does not achieve in desired level in practically. The situation of using the classical teacher approach in class management gives some hints to us about the why democracy education was not desired functionality in our schools and classes. The most critical suggestions that reached in this study to settle the democracy in education is “at first school managers and teachers are benefited from the lifelong learning possibilities to be internalized and for making their lifestyle of democracy culture but so that we get desired level of democracy education in education”.

  1. Milk-based traditional Turkish desserts

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    Tulay Ozcan

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Traditional foods are the reflection of cultural inheritance and affect the lifestyle habits. Culture can be viewed as a system of socially transmitted patterns of behaviour that characterises a particular group. Despite the fact of globalisation, these are key elements to accurately estimate a population’s dietary patterns and how these have been shaped through time. In Turkey, a meal with family or friends traditionally ends with a dessert, which is a testimony to the hosts’ hospitality or to the housewife’s love and affection for her husband and children, since sweets and desserts are important elements of Turkish cuisine. However, the consciousnesses of nutrition and healthy eating, due to rapid change in popular life style and dietary patterns, has contributed to the increased interest in traditional foods with potential health benefits, with increased uncertainty for dessert consumption. Dairy desserts are extensively consumed due to their nutritive and sensoric characteristics. Some of traditional dairy desserts are Mustafakemalpasa, Gullac, Kazandibi, Hosmerim and Tavukgogsu, which are mainly made from milk or fresh cheese, and the current paper discusses their manufacturing processes and composition.

  2. Turkish-Russian Relations During the Lausanne Conference With Archieve Documents

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    Mihail Serafimoviç Meyer

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article Russian Turcologist M. S. Meyer represents the beginning process of Turkish- Soviet Russian relations based on arshive documents. The facts that happened after two country recognised each other are explained in this article. The dialogues beginning after sending missions, gets up to such level that some Turkish senators introducing their thoughts about the acceptance of the communist regime. In the article M. S. Meyer is analysing Turkish and Soviet rapproshment, mutual solidarity and the progress of relationship between two counries. According to Russian historians the Turkish governments attitudes to the Soviet Russia has changed during The Lausanne Conference. Frendly relations goes down after negative attitudes of Russian official of Cheka to Turkish consulate employee and after negative propagandas of some turkish politicians against the Soviet Russia. Relations between two countries thoroughly change direction after Turkish government got closer to western countries. Soviet Russian politicians have also a great effect on this result.

  3. THE TRANSLATING PROBLEMS OF CONTEMPORARY TURKISH DIALECTS (BETWEEN THE NEW UYGUR TURKISH DIALECT AND TURKEY TURKISH DIALECT ÇA?DA? TÜRK ??VELER? ARASINDA AKTARMA MESELELER? (YEN? UYGUR TÜRKÇES? – TÜRK?YE TÜRKÇES? ÖRNE??

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    Dr. M. Fatih ALKAYI?

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The translating of the books, writing with Contemporary Turkish Dialects, requires some attentions about the suffixes, words, concepts and centences to get an impressive form. By this way counfusions of meaning, between the Turkish Dialects, can be prevented.The New Uygur Turkish Dialect, thought as an Eastern Turkish Dialect at the classification of Turkish Language, is nearer to the characteristics of Old Turkish Language according to the Turkey Turkish Dialect, thought as a western Turkish Dialects. We can get a classification of translating problems, between the New Uygur Language and Turkey Turkish Language, in those titles: Verb moods, participles, gerundiums.With the solving of the problems between Contemporary Turkish Dialects, Turkish world will understand each other well, and also will be nearer. Ça?da? Türk ?iveleriyle yaz?lm?? eserleri bir ?iveden ba?ka bir ?iveye aktar?rken dikkat edilmesi gereken hususlar?n ba??nda “ek, kelime, kavram ve cümleleri” ayn? etkiyi yaratacak biçimde çevirmek gelmektedir. Bu sayede anlam veya ?ekil bulan?kl??? ortadan kalkar.Türk ?ivelerinin tasnifinde Do?u Türkçesinin bir kolu olarak kabul edilen Yeni Uygur Türkçesi, Bat? Türkçesi içerisinde yer alan Türkiye Türkçesine oranla Eski Türkçenin ?ekil özelliklerine daha yak?nd?r. Yeni Uygur Türkçesi ile Türkiye Türkçesi aras?ndaki aktarma meselelerini ?u konular üzerinde ele alabiliriz: Fiil kipleri, s?fat-fiiller, zarf-fiiller. Ça?da? Türk ?iveleri aras?ndaki aktarma meselelerinin çözümüyle Türk Dünyas? birbirini daha iyi anlayacak ve birbirine daha çok yak?nla?acakt?r.

  4. HE ROLE AND SIGNIFICANCE OF FILMS IN THE TURKISH TEACHING AS FOREIGN LANGUAGE YABANCI D?L OLARAK TÜRKÇE Ö?RET?M?NDE F?LMLER?N YER? VE ÖNEM?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adem ??CAN

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The film as an audio-visual art, it truly reflects the society's cultural, aesthetic images by shape to express certain thoughts and feelings, reflecting the national spirit. Film is a mirror to reflect real life, popular culture and the art. The usage Turkish movies in Turkish teaching as foreign language, students will easily to improve their Turkish oral communication, Turkish speaking skills and listening skills. The paper deal with the use of films in foreign language teaching and Turkish teaching as foreign language and depending on these, makes some of recommendations Film, i?itsel-görsel bir sanat olarak -millî ruhu yans?tan dü?ünce ve duygularla ?ekillenen-toplumun kültürel ve estetik imgelerini gerçekçi bir ?ekilde yans?t?r. Film, gerçek ya?am?, popüler kültürü ve sanat? yans?tan bir aynad?r. Yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?retiminde Türk filmlerinin kullan?lmas?, ö?rencilerin kolayl?kla Türkçe sözlü ileti?imlerini, konu?ma ve dinleme becerilerini geli?tirecektir. Makalede, yabanc? dil ö?retimi ve yabanc? dil olarak Türkçe ö?retiminde filmlerin kullan?lmas? ele al?nm?? ve buna ba?l? olarak baz? önerilerde bulunulmu?tur. .

  5. Turkish Local e-Governments: a Longitudinal Study

    OpenAIRE

    Aykut, Arslan

    2007-01-01

    This article is based on a longitudinal exploratory study of the Turkish local e-governments between September 2005 and December 2006. 3,228 Turkish local governments constitute the sampling framework of this paper. The first part of the study, which took place in 2005, indicated that only 969 authorities were online. But the second part, issued at the end of 2006, showed that 1,591 units were online. The purpose of the second study was to explore the degree of change and how this...

  6. Impact of SME policies on innovation: The Turkish case

    OpenAIRE

    Bascavusoglu-moreau, Elif

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore the determinants of innovative capabilities in Turkish SMEs, with a particular emphasis on the impact of recent changes in science and technology policy. Two different analyses are conducted in order to evaluate both the decision to innovate and the propensity to innovate, using a unique firm-level survey realized among 50.000 SMEs. Our results suggest that the new policies did not manage to address the whole issues that are preventing Turkish SMEs to a...

  7. Risk factors associated with anemia among Serbian school-age children 7-14 years old: results of the first national health survey

    OpenAIRE

    Djokic, D.; Drakulovic, M. B.; Radojicic, Z.; Crncevic Radovic, L.; Rakic, L.; Kocic, S.; Davidovic, G.

    2010-01-01

    Background: Anemia in school-age children is an important public health problem and available data of its prevalence and existing risk factors are essential for planning preventive strategies. The purpose of the current study was to assess the prevalence of and the risk factors associated with anemia among the school-age children 7-14 years years old in Serbia.

  8. Validity and reliability of Persian translation of the Child Perception Questionnaire (CPQ11-14 in 11?14 year-old children in Isfahan

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    Parvin Khadem

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available AbstractIntroduction: Oral health includes healthy mouth and its healthy tissues, which allows for eating, speaking, and social encounters without active disease, discomfort, and dissatisfaction. In this research, validity and reliability of Persian translation of Quality of Life related to oral and dental health questionnaire was studied in children aged 11?l4 years in Isfahan. Materials and methods: In this descriptive, analytical and cross-sectional study the subjects consisted of 128 children aged 11–14 randomly selected from schools in Isfahan. The children completed the Children Perception Questionnaire (CPQ, and then they were examined. DMFT, dmft, molar-incisor hypoplasia (MIH, traumatic dental injuries (TDI and malocclusion indexes were determined. To study the reliability of CPQ, 60 of these children completed the questionnaire again without dental intervention two weeks later. To understand the relation between the indexes, ANOVA and Spearman’s correlation coefficient were used. In addition, Cronbach’s alpha and interclass correlation coefficient (ICC were determined (?=0.05.Results: The average score of CPQ was 20.6 with a standard deviation of 16.60, with higher scores in females compared to males. Cronbach’s alpha and ICC were 0.92 and 0.82, respectively. CPQ had an insignificant correlation with DMFT, dmft, TDI, MIH and malocclusion (p value > 0.05. Conclusion: The Farsi version of the questionnaire is valid and reliable for use for Iranian children aged 11?14 and can be used as a useful tool to assess the effect of oral and dental disorders on quality of life.Key words: Dental Caries, Hypoplasia, Malocclusion, Quality of life.

  9. Medication use among children 0-14 years old: population baseline study / Uso de medicamentos entre crianças de 0-14 anos: estudo de base populacional

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria J.B., Cruz; Lays F.N., Dourado; Emerson C., Bodevan; Renata A., Andrade; Delba F., Santos.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar a prevalência do consumo de medicamento em crianças e adolescentes de 20 municípios do Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais-Brasil, mostrando os principais grupos e variáveis que possam ter influenciado o uso. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo tipo inquérito populacional domicilia [...] r, amostra constituída por 555 entrevistas selecionadas de maneira aleatória simples por meio de amostragem por conglomerado de 137 setores censitários. Os critérios de inclusão foram idade ?14 anos, entrevista obrigatória com os responsáveis legais, independente de terem consumido medicamento. Quanto ao padrão de uso os participantes foram divididos em dois grupos consomem e não consomem medicamentos. Realizada análise descritiva das variáveis e aplicados testes de associação. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de consumo de medicamentos foi 56,57% e o não consumo 42,43%. O uso de plantas medicinais foi de 72,9% para o consumo de medicamento e 74,3% para o não consumo. As situações de saúde para o consumo foram tosse, resfriado comum, gripe, congestão nasal ou broncospasmo (49,7%); febre (5,4%); cefaléia (5,4%); diarréia, "má digestão" e cólica abdominal (6,7%). Na automedicação, 30,57% dos medicamentos foram indicados pela mãe, e 69,42% de prescrições médicas. Destaca-se na automedicação o uso de paracetamol (30,2%), dipirona (20,8%) e antigripais (18,8%). E um maior uso de analgésicos/antipiréticos, seguido do aparelho respiratório, antibióticos sistêmicos, antagonistas H1 da histamina e vitaminas/antianêmicos. CONCLUSÕES: A prevalência do consumo de medicamentos na população infantil foi alta, indicando a necessidade de formulação de programas educativos visando principalmente à conscientização dos cuidadores sobre o uso racional. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of medication use in children and adolescents in 20 municipalities of Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais-Brazil, showing the main groups and variables that may have influenced use. METHODS: Descriptive population-based survey sample of 555 interviews, selec [...] ted by simple random cluster sampling of 137 census tracts. Inclusion criteria were age ? 14 years, mandatory interview with the legal guardians, and regardless of having received medications. Regarding the usage pattern, participants were divided into two groups: consumption and non-consumption of drugs. A descriptive analysis of the variables and tests of association were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of drug consumption was 56.57%, and 42.43% showed no consumption. The use of medicinal plants was 72.9% for drug users and 74.3% for non-users. The health conditions for consumption were cough, common cold, flu, nasal congestion or bronchospasm (49.7%), fever (5.4%), headache (5.4%), diarrhea, indigestion, and abdominal colic (6.7%). In cases of self-medication, 30.57% of the drugs were given by the mother, and 69.42% were prescription drugs. Self-medication was prevalent using paracetamol (30.2%), dipyrone (20.8%), and cold medicine (18.8%). There was increased use of analgesics/antipyretics, followed by respiratory medications, systemic antibiotics, histamine H1 antagonists, and vitamins/antianemics. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of drugs use in children was high, indicating the need for formulating educational programs aiming at the awareness of caregivers regarding rational use.

  10. Prenatal exposure to lead and cognitive deficit in 7- and 14-year-old children in the presence of concomitant exposure to similar molar concentration of methylmercury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yorifuji, Takashi; Debes, Frodi

    2011-01-01

    Few studies have examined the effects of mixed metal exposures in humans. We have evaluated the effect of prenatal lead exposure in a Faroese birth cohort in the presence of similar molar-level exposure to methylmercury. A cohort of 1022 singleton births was assembled in the Faroe Islands during 1986-1987 from whom lead was measured in cord-blood. A total of 896 cohort subjects participated in a clinical examination at age 7 and 808 subjects in a second examination at age 14. We evaluated the association between cord-blood lead concentrations and cognitive deficits (attention/working memory, language, visuospatial, and memory) using multiple regression models. Overall, the lead concentration showed no clear pattern of association. However, in subjects with a low methylmercury exposure, after inclusion of statistical interaction terms, lead-associated adverse effects on cognitive functions were observed. In particular, higher cord-blood lead was associated with a lower digit span forward score on the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) [beta=-1.70, 95% confidence interval (CI): -3.12 to -0.28] at age 7 and a lower digit span backward score on the WISC-R (beta=-2.73, 95%CI: -4.32 to -1.14) at age 14. Some interaction terms between lead and methylmercury suggested that the combined effect of the exposures was less than additive. The present study indicates that adverse effects of exposure may be overlooked if the effects of a co-pollutant are ignored. The present study supports the existence of adverse effects on cognitive functions at prenatal lead exposures corresponding to an average cord-blood concentration of 16?g/L.

  11. COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE RELATIVE FREQUENCY OF SLEEP DISORDERS IN MIGRAINE AND NON MIGRAINE IN 6- TO 14-YEAR-OLD CHILDREN

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    Omid Yaghini MD

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available AbstractObjectiveHeadaches are common during childhood. In addition, sleep disorders are common problems in children, too. Although it is commonly thought thatheadache and sleep problems are related, there is not enough evidence to confirm this relationship. Finding evident relations between these problemswould help practitioners a lot to make earlier diagnosis and plan treatment modalities for both problems as soon as possible. This study aimed to assess therelative frequency of sleep disorders in migraine and non migraine children.Material & MethodsIn a cross sectional study, 148 children were enrolled in migraine (60 and non migraine (88 groups. They were aged 6 to 14 years. Migraine group consistedof patients who had definite migraine according to IHS (International Headache Society criteria. Ten sleep problems (snoring, nightmares, sleep walking, sleeptalking, bedtime struggle, bruxism, sweating during sleep, excessive daytime sleepiness, insomnia in early or mid night and sleep apnea were comparedbetween 2 groups. Fisher exact and chi square tests were used for making comparisons.ResultsWe found relationships between night sleep and daytime headaches. Some of these relationships were easy to explain but for some others, finding complicatedexplanations are necessary.Our findings showed that bruxism, sleep walking, early and midnight insomnia was significantly higher in migraine children. There was a common etiology forheadache and sleep disorders. Also, parents and migraine children were well familiar with the effect of relaxation on decreasing migraine episodes .Theyprovided appropriate facilities for night sleep for this reason.Conclusionwe found relationships between night sleep and daytime headaches. Some of these relationships were easy to explain but for some others, finding complicatedexplanations are necessary.

  12. The effect of duration of exercise at the ventilation threshold on subjective appetite and short-term food intake in 9 to 14 year old boys and girls

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    Pencharz Paul B

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The effect of exercise on subjective appetite and short-term food intake has received little investigation in children. Despite a lack of reported evaluation of short-duration activity programs, they are currently being implemented in schools as a means to benefit energy balance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of duration of exercise at the ventilation threshold (VeT on subjective appetite and short-term food intake in normal weight boys and girls aged 9 to 14 years. Methods On 4 separate mornings and in random order, boys (n = 14 and girls (n = 15 completed 2 rest or 2 exercise treatments for 15 (short-duration; SD or 45 min (long-duration; LD at their previously measured VeT, 2 h after a standardized breakfast. Subjective appetite was measured at regular intervals during the study sessions and food intake from a pizza meal was measured 30 min after rest or exercise. Results An increase in average appetite, desire to eat, and hunger (p Conclusion Neither SD nor LD exercise at the VeT increased short-term food intake and SD exercise attenuated increases in appetite. Thus, SD exercise programs in schools may be an effective strategy for maintaining healthier body weights in children.

  13. Short forms of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire for 11–14-year-old children (CPQ11–14: Development and initial evaluation

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    Locker David

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Child Perceptions Questionnaire for children aged 11 to 14 years (CPQ11–14 is a 37-item measure of oral-health-related quality of life (OHRQoL encompassing four domains: oral symptoms, functional limitations, emotional and social well-being. To facilitate its use in clinical settings and population-based health surveys, it was shortened to 16 and 8 items. Item impact and stepwise regression methods were used to produce each version. This paper describes the developmental process, compares the discriminative properties of the resulting four short-forms and evaluates their precision relative to the original CPQ11–14. Methods The item impact method used data from the CPQ11–14 item reduction study to select the questions with the highest impact scores in each domain. The regression method, where the dependent variable was the overall CPQ11–14 score and the independent variables its individual questions, was applied to the data collected in the validity study for the CPQ11–14. The measurement properties (i.e. criterion validity, construct validity, internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability of all 4 short-forms were evaluated using the data from the validity and reliability studies for the CPQ11–14. Results All short forms detected substantial variability in children's OHRQoL. The mean scores on the two 16-item questionnaires were almost identical, while on the two 8-item questionnaires they differed by only one score point. The mean scores standardized to 0–100 were higher on the short forms than the original CPQ11–14 (p 11–14 scores (0.87–0.98; p Conclusion All short forms demonstrated excellent criterion validity and good construct validity. The reliability coefficients exceeded standards for group-level comparisons. However, these are preliminary findings based on the convenience sampling and further testing in replicated studies involving clinical and general samples of children in various settings is necessary to establish measurement sensitivity and discriminative properties of these questionnaires.

  14. RADIAL VARIATION OF MICROFIBRIL ANGLE AND WOOD DENSITY AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS IN 14-YEAR-OLD Eucalyptus urophylla S.T. BLAKE WOOD

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    Loïc Brancheriau Mail

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The orientation of cellulose microfibrils in the cell wall along the stem axis has major effects on stiffness and longitudinal shrinkage and is of key importance in wood quality. The aim of this study was to investigate the radial variability of MFA and wood density (? and their relationships in Eucalyptus urophylla wood. Three MFA values were estimated by X-ray diffraction at three points of each one of the 175 tangential sections, and the basic density was measured. A decrease of microfibril angles from pith to bark can be observed in most samples; however, some radial strips presented different patterns of variation. For basic density, a linear significant increase from pith to bark was confirmed. There was no significant correlation between microfibril angle and density. The relationships among the three MFA estimated on tangential sections of wood were strong. The “curvature effect” due to the growth rings had a negligible effect on the three measurements of tangential sections cut near to the pith. This study showed that a single T value measurement by X-ray diffraction, preferably at the centre of the tangential section, is precisely sufficient to estimate the mean MFA of Eucalyptus urophylla wood.

  15. RADIAL VARIATION OF MICROFIBRIL ANGLE AND WOOD DENSITY AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS IN 14-YEAR-OLD Eucalyptus urophylla S.T. BLAKE WOOD

    OpenAIRE

    Loïc Brancheriau Mail; Paulo Ricardo Gherardi Hein

    2011-01-01

    The orientation of cellulose microfibrils in the cell wall along the stem axis has major effects on stiffness and longitudinal shrinkage and is of key importance in wood quality. The aim of this study was to investigate the radial variability of MFA and wood density (?) and their relationships in Eucalyptus urophylla wood. Three MFA values were estimated by X-ray diffraction at three points of each one of the 175 tangential sections, and the basic density was measured. A decrease of microfib...

  16. Comparison of the dental health status of 8 to 14-year-old children in France and in Jordan, a country of endemic fluorosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraysse, C; Bilbeissi, W; Benamghar, L; Kerebel, B

    1989-12-01

    In the present paper, data obtained from a survey dealing with dental carie, dental fluorosis and gingival health, involving 2618 Jordanian schoolchildren, aged 8 to 14, were compared with data from another survey dealing with 1058 schoolchildren of the same age groups living in a non-fluoridated area in the west of France. As regards dental carie in temporary teeth, up to the age of 12, the dft and dfs scores were higher in France than in Jordan. Over the age of 12, the difference was no longer significant. As regards dental carie in permanent teeth, the data showing that Jordanian children are less subject to caries than the French were very highly significant. Also, it was shown that caries index in girls was higher than in boys. These data were not significant in the French survey, but highly significant in the Jordanian investigation. A possible explanation is that, due to the custom of the country, boys in Jordan drink much more tea (with high fluoride content) than girls. As regards gingival health, an interesting finding was that, compared to the French children, the percentage of Jordanian children presenting gingivitis is remarkably low. The fluoride content of the dental plaque might play a restricting and preventing role. PMID:2620142

  17. The internal consistency reliability and construct validity of the Turkish translation of the beliefs about appearance scale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emine Göçet Tekin

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to adapt into Turkish and examine the psychometric properties of the Beliefs about Appearance Scale (BAAS, which was developed by Spangler and Stice (2001 in order to measure the beliefs about appearance. The participants of the study were 274 current Sakarya University students. In this study, the psychometric properties of the scale were examined by means of item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, criterion-related validity, internal consistency and split-half reliability methods. The findings have confirmed that BAAS was a sufficiently valid and reliable measuring instrument.

  18. Preparation of Non-listed Companies for External Auditing: Policy Recommendations for Turkish SMEs towards New Turkish Commercial Code

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Fatih Dalkilic; Cemal Ibis; Naz?m Hikmet

    2012-01-01

    Through recent developments, including the new Turkish Commercial Code, Basel II and IFRS for SMEs; External Auditing is quickly becoming a current issue that is expected to add value to all non-listed companies. Turkish Commercial Code requires all companies ...

  19. SELF EFFICACY PERCEPTIONS OF TURKISH TEACHER CANDIDATE TÜRKÇE Ö?RETMEN? ADAYLARININ Ö?RETMENL?K MESLE??NE DÖNÜK ÖZ YETERL?K ALGILARI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan BA?CI

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of the study is to investigate Turkish teacher candidates’ self-efficacy levels according to their gender, kind of education, graduated type of high school and academic achievement. In the study data was collected by “Turkish Teacher Candidates’ Self Efficacy Perception Scale” developed by the researchers. The scale consisting of five sub-factors is five-item Likert-type scale. 351 Turkish teacher candidates whose 179 female and 172 male attended to the study. The participants of the study consisted of 4th grade students enrolled in Turkish Teaching Departments of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Inönü University, Ondokuz May?s University, Sakarya University, Gaziantep University, Dokuz Eylül University and Gazi University Faculties of Education. Data was analysed by using SPSS 15.0 package program. The results of the study indicated that, Turkish teachercandidates’ self-efficacy levels is “good”. Turkish teacher candidates' self-efficacy scores did not show any changes according to their gender, kind of education, graduated type of high school. But it was observed that according to academic achievement Turkish teacher candidates’ self-efficacy scores there was significant relationship. Bu ara?t?rman?n temel amac? Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n öz yeterlik alg?lar?n?n cinsiyete, ö?retim türüne, mezun olunan lise türüne ve akademik ba?ar? durumlar?na göre incelenmesidir. Çal??madaki veriler, ara?t?rmac?lar taraf?ndan geli?tirilen “Türkçe Ö?retmeni Adaylar?n?n Öz Yeterlik Alg?s? Ölçe?i” arac?l???yla toplanm??t?r. Be? alt faktörden olu?an ölçek, be?li likert tipi bir ölçme arac?d?r.Ara?t?rmaya 179’u k?z, 172’si erkekten olu?an 351 Türkçe ö?retmeni aday? kat?lm??t?r. Kat?l?mc?lar Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi, ?nönü Üniversitesi, Ondokuz May?s Üniversitesi, Sakarya Üniversitesi, Gaziantep Üniversitesi, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi ve Gazi Üniversitesi e?itim fakültelerinin Türkçe ö?retmenli?i program? son s?n?f ö?rencileridir. Veriler, SPSS 15.0 istatistik paket program?ndan yararlan?larak analiz edilmi?tir. Ara?t?rman?n sonuçlar?na göre Türkçe ö?retmeni adaylar?n?n öz yeterlik alg?lar? “iyi” düzeydedir. Adaylar?n öz yeterlik alg?lar? cinsiyet, ö?renim türü ve mezun olunan lise türü bak?m?ndan farkl?l?k göstermezken adaylar?n akademik ba?ar? durumlar?na göre anlaml? farkl?l?k göstermektedir.

  20. Turkish women show preference for small families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    A brief summary is provided of results from the 1993 Turkish Demographic and Health Survey on women's family size preferences. Over 66% of married women 15-49 years old reported a desire to stop childbearing, and 14% desired a delay of at least 2 years in future childbearing. The ideal family size was reported as 2.4 children per woman, while the total fertility rate was 2.7 children per woman. 33% of births in the 5 years before the survey were unwanted or mistimed. 63% of married women used family planning. 33% used modern methods. 19% used the IUD, 7% used the condom, and 5% used the pill. The most widely used method was withdrawal (26%). The abortion rate was 18 per 100 pregnancies. 67% were performed by private physicians, and 27% were performed in government hospitals. 58% of women who had had an abortion reported their reason as a desire to stop childbearing. Post abortion, 27% were using withdrawal and 39% used no method at all. Only 32% were using modern contraception post abortion. Maternal health has improved to the point where 63% of mothers received prenatal care, and 76% were assisted at delivery by medical personnel. Infant mortality declined by 35% to 53 deaths per 1000 births. Under-5 mortality declined from 97 in 1983 to 61 in 1993. About 59% of children 12-23 months old were fully immunized. Almost 20% of children by age 5 years had chronic malnutrition, particularly in rural areas and among children with mothers with no education. PMID:12346433

  1. Substance abuse: risk factors for Turkish youth

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    andres j. pumariega

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Substance abuse amongst youth has been growing in developed and developing nations, including Turkey. This growth is related to a number of factors, not the least of which are forces associated with development, globalization, and youth culture. The identification of risk factors for youth substance abuse for particular populations is an important approach to the development of prevention and intervention strategies. Methods: We analyzed the data from a survey of 31,272 youth ages 14 to 18 years enrolled in high schools in Istanbul that covered the use of various substances as well as a number of demographic, socioeconomic, cultural, psychopathological, and psychosocial risk factors. Our data consisted of answers to similar questions that were asked in European School Survey Project (ESPAD, Youth in Europe (YIE, and Monitoring of the Future Survey and the National Household Survey in USA. We used binary logistic regression analyses to generate risk profiles for each of the following categories of lifetime use: tobacco, alcohol, cannabis, other illicit drugs, and multiple (two or more other illicit drugs. Results: We identified statistically significant risk profiles for these different substance categories. All the different risk factor categories contributed variably to the use of gateway drugs (tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, and other illicits, but the multiple use of other illicit drugs was associated primarily with a narrower set of psychopathological (suicidality, irritability, and antisocial problems and psychosocial variables (family substance abuse and peer in?uence. Conclusions: These risk profiles share some commonality with those found amongst other populations. However, these unique risk profiles for Turkish youth can be useful in developing primary and secondary preventive interventions to address the growing substance use and abuse problems. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, focusing on time trends and risk factors of substance use in youth of emerging countries including Turkey, are needed.

  2. Necessity of Re-Organization of Turkish Agricultural Higher Education System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Ulger

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Education in Agricultural Faculties has been changing from beginning to these days in Turkey. However, education in agriculture always contains all area of agriculture and students are awarded the same diploma which is “Agricultural Engineer” after four years. By means of science and technology has been developing, agricultural applications also have been changing recently. This resulted in increasing of requirements from agricultural engineer in respect of both wide and deep knowledge about agriculture. In this study it was aimed that clarification of history of agricultural higher education from the beginning till now in Turkey and agricultural higher education systems in some developed countries. Necessity of re-organization of Turkish agricultural higher education system was also discussed and some recommendations about this theme were given.

  3. Act No. 2690 concerning the Turkish Atomic Energy Association

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this Act is to reorganise the Turkish Atomic Energy Commission (TAEC) into an Association (TAEA) in order to provide it with greater powers. While remaining under the direct supervision of the Prime Minister, the TAEA how has legal personality, with more independence and flexibility from the financial and administrative viewpoints. (NEA)

  4. Attachment Styles and Self-Image in Turkish Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cetin, Fusun Cuhadaroglu; Tuzun, Zeynep; Pehlivanturk, Berna; Unal, Fatih; Gokler, Bahar

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine the attachment styles and the relation of these styles to the self-image in Turkish adolescents. The study included 378 adolescents (196 females and 182 males) from high schools with different socioeconomic status (SES) who were administered Relationship Scale Questionnaires and Offer Self-Image…

  5. The Elimination of Turkish Language Instruction in Bulgaria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eminov, Ali

    The goals of language policies in Marxist-Leninist states tend to be applied in three stages: (1) pluralism, (2) bilingualism, and (3) monolingualism. The language policies in Bulgaria, particularly as applied to the Turkish minority, fit this pattern. A pluralistic language and education tradition in Bulgaria, inherited from the Ottoman Empire,…

  6. The evolution of military neurosurgery in the Turkish army.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izci, Yusuf

    2010-05-01

    The history of neurosurgery in the Turkish army is not long and complex. Neurosurgery was first practiced in the Ottoman army by Cemil Pasha, who was a general surgeon. After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the Republic of Turkey was established and modern neurosurgical procedures were applied at the Gulhane Military Medical Academy (GMMA). Maj. Zinnur Rollas, M.D., was the founder of the Department of Neurosurgery at GMMA in 1957. A modern neurosurgical program and school was established in 1965 by Col. Hamit Ziya Gokalp, M.D., who completed his residency training in the US. Today, 26 military neurosurgeons are on active duty in 11 military hospitals in Turkey. All of these neurosurgeons work in modern clinics and operating theaters. In this paper, military neurosurgery in the Turkish army is reported in 3 parts: 1) the history of neurosurgery in the Turkish military, 2) the Department of Neurosurgery at the GMMA, and 3) the duties of a military neurosurgeon in the Turkish army. PMID:20568932

  7. A LANGUAGE MODELING APPROACH TO TURKISH TEXT RETRIEVAL

    OpenAIRE

    Yilmazel, O?zgu?r

    2010-01-01

    We used Lemur Toolkit, an open source toolkit designed for Information Retrieval research, for our automated indexing and retrieval experiments on a TREC-like test collection for Turkish language. We investigate effectiveness of three retrieval models Lemur supports, especially Language modeling approach to Information Retrieval, combined with language specific preprocessing techniques. Our experiments show that language specific preprocessing significantly improves retrieval performance for ...

  8. Exchange Rate Misalignment in Turkey: Overvalution of the Turkish Lira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Orçun Söylemez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In 2001, Modern Turkey experienced the most severe financial collapse in its history during the implementation of an anti-inflationary, fixed-exchange-rate-based stabilisation program. An important part of critisms following this collapse focused on the exchange rates. The main argument was that the program overlooked the fact that Turkish Lira was highly overvalued during the implementation of the stabilisation program. The currency of a country would be overvalued if its realized values against other currencies persistently stayed over the long-term equilibrium trend. Overvalution of a currency is an important matter for any country because the exchange rates are decisive on the external balance of a country, the stability of financial system, and the internal prices and hence on the allocation of resources. Plus, the two recent financial crises in Turkey, in 1994 and 2001, broke out after significant overvaluations in the Turkish Lira. This study found significant overvaluations in cumulative terms in the Turkish Lira for the period after 2001. Although, Turkey might have gained some resilience to exchange rate misalignments after 2001 due to political and economic changes in the country, the high level of overvaluation in the Turkish Lira should nevertheless be seen as a risk factor.

  9. The Prevalence of Injuries in Professional Turkish Soccer Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamaner, Faruk; Gumusdag, Hayrettin; Kartal, Alparslan; Gumus, M.; Gullu, A.; Imamoglu, O.

    2011-01-01

    Study aim: To assess the prevalence and anatomical sites of injuries in professional soccer players in one game season. Material and methods: A cohort of 510 professional male soccer players consisting of 48 goalkeepers, 194 defence players, 189 mid-field players and 79 forward players of the 1st and 2nd Turkish Professional Soccer Leagues in…

  10. Hierarchical Factor Structure of the Turkish Version of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory in a Normal Population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mucahit Kagan

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Negative consequences of traumatic experiences, such as depression, anxiety, or dissociative symptoms, etc. have been reported by many researchers. However, it is proposed that stressful events not only lead to poor psychological outcomes but also may trigger positive changes. Several instruments gauging posttraumatic benefits have been developed to examine the effects of factors that may promote positive psychological outcomes in the aftermath of stressful events. The Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI is one of the prominent instruments that assess posttraumatic positive changes. In this study we aimed to assess psychometric properties of the Turkish version of the PTGI. Method: This study differed to an extent from previous studies concerning the features of the PTGI. We used a dispositional form of the instrument in a sample recruited from high school and university students. Our data were collected from 723 volunteers. 367 subjects were males (50.76% and 356 subjects were females (49.24%. Also we did not specify any selection criteria in recruiting subjects owing to their adverse life experiences with a presumption that stressful life events are not uncommon in normal population. We administered to participants a dispositional form of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory and the Personal View Survey-III. Item statistics for the measure were computed. We performed an explanatory factor analysis by using principal components with promax rotation and a confirmatory factor analysis by using structural equation modeling. Since the factor inter-correlations were higher than .40 we computed Schmid-Leiman transformation to obtain second-order general factor loadings. Inner consistencies and 15-day test-retest intracorrelations were calculated. Results: Item discrimination indexes ranged from .28 to .72. Promax rotated principal components analysis pointed out a three-factor structure. It was found in model testing with structural equation modeling that three-factor structure was valid for the Turkish version of the PTGI. After computing second-order factor loadings, we detected that general factor accounted for 64 percentage of the total variance. Three subscales of the measure were the Changes in Self-Perception, Changes in Philosophy of Life, and Changes in Relationship. Internal consistency for the Changes in Self-Perception subscale was 0.88, for the Changes in Philosophy of Life subscale was 0.78, for the Changes in Relationship was 0.77, and for the overall items was 0.92. 15-day test-retest intra-correlation for the composite scores was 0.83 and intra-correlations for the subscale scores ranged from 0.70 to 0.85. Conclusion: Turkish version of the measure revealed a three-factor first-order structure. However, it seems that the concept of posttraumatic benefits measured by the PTGI has a tendency to represent a unidimensional psychological construct in Turkish sample. Since the three-factor structure was validated, three-subscales may also be used to make an extensive assessment instead of composite scores. The PTGI is a valid and reliable measure to be used in research purposes among Turkish individuals. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(5.000: 617-624

  11. The Analysis of Questions Including Visuals in SBS Turkish Tests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gürkan Tabak

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The restructured primary education programs have different reflections on Turkish educational system and these reflections continue to be. A reflection of the renewed primary education programs has been noticed in exam for the transition to secondary school. A new exam under the name of Placement Test (SBS has been applied since 2008. Compared with other tests, significant changes have been made within the scope of the SBS. One of these changes is to give place to the questions including images in SBS Turkish tests. When literature is reviewed, it is seen that there has been no research which analyzes the questions including images in SBS Turkish tests. The purpose of this study is to analyze the rate, diversity and content of the questions including images in SBS Turkish tests according to 6th, 7th and 8th class levels. With this purpose, SBS test booklets were analyzed using document review method which is one of the qualitative research approaches. The rate, diversity and content of the questions including images in SBS Turkish tests in the class level were determined by applying Miles and Huberman’s interactive model, coding and note-taking procedures and they were presented in findings of the research. According to the findings, it has been concluded that there is no standard in the rate by years and it was concentrated on them under specific headings in the range of variety and content. Provided that the results reached and recommendations made are taken into consideration, it is recommended that the images should be used in the new exam for transition to secondary school.

  12. Investigation of Primary Students' Motivation Levels towards Science Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sevinc, Betul; Ozmen, Haluk; Yigit, Nevzat

    2011-01-01

    The present research was conducted with 518 students enrolled at the 6th, 7th and 8th classes of primary schools. A likert-type scale developed by Tuan, Chin and Shieh (2005) and translated into Turkish by Yilmaz and Cavas (2007) was used to examine the motivation levels of students towards science learning. Research findings revealed that gender,…

  13. Cardiovascular Risk Assesment at the Personnel of Turkish Armed Forces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa Aparci

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM: In this study we aimed to evaluate the cardiovascular risk profile of Turkish Armed Forces (TSK personnel and also to determine the ones at high risk. METHOD: Totally, 1311 individuals were participated in a questionnaire. Smoking, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, family history, physical activity, previous cardiovascular disease or symptoms were interrogated. Of the 249 individuals with ?2 risk factors or even not exist risk factors but having active cardiac complaint; 176 volunteers (%71 were performed physical examination, ECG, echocardiography, and biochemical tests (fasting glucose, lipid profiles etc and the ones with high risk (n=14 were performed exercise stress test. Statistical analysis was performed by Chi-Square test, Fisher?s exact test and Student t test using SPSS 11.0 for Windows. RESULTS: Of 1311 subjects (age 32.6 ± 6.7, %98.7 male, 24.3 % had no risk factors. Rate of Smoking, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, family history, overweight (BMI>25 kg/m2, and inactivity were 43.0%, 5.2%, 2.7%, 17.5%, 28.8%, 20.8% and 20%, respectively. Rate of overweight, inactivitiy, and typical chest discomfort were significantly increased with age (p<0.001. Smoking was similar in all age groups. While the the ten year-Framingham risk score was %1.6 before 40 years old, it was significantly increased then. Of 176 subjects, when rated general poll population, cardiovascular diseases rate was 2.7% (coronary 0.6%, valvular 1.1%, rhytm-conductance 0.8%, and other -congenital, peripheral vascular etc. 0.2% compared to whole group. 22 patient had left ventricular hypertrophy due to valvular diseases or hypertension. Newly diagnosed 15 patients were started on medication, and three subjects referred advanced medical center. CONLUSION: Risk stratification and modification gain importance for an earlier diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases worldwide. Similar society based projects could also reduce the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease in our country. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2009; 8(5.000: 373-380

  14. Radiation-chemical decomposition of Turkish lignites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The radiation-chemistry of coals has the relevant value for developing of nontraditional technology of their processing and revealing of the role of irradiation in the metamorphism of fossil fuels. In the literature there are sparse data about radiation-chemical transformations of coals from fields of Russia, USA, Japan, Germany, etc. However, the radiation-chemistry of young coals (lignites) from fields of Turkey was not studied. In this report the results of the investigation the regularities of formation of gas products H2, hydrocarbon C1 -C4 at the radiation-chemical decomposing of 5 types of Turkish lignites are adduced: 1. Karaman Ermenek -cleaned, 2. Karaman Ermenek -original, 3. Nevsehir -original, 4. Slopi -original, 5. Trakya mixed -cleaned. The researches were conducted in the interval of the absorbed dose (up to 500 kGy) gamma-radiation of isotope Co-60 and temperature (20-400oC). The influencing of the preliminary gamma-irradiation on regularity of a thermal decomposition irradiated lignites is established also. It was established, that in the studied interval of absorbed dose the accumulation of gas products descends linearly. The radiation-chemical yields of gas products are: G1 (H2) =0.027, G1(CH4) =0.0005, G2(H2) =0.019, G2(CH4) =0.0011, G3(H2) =0,021, G3(CH4) 0.0027, G3(C2H6)=0.002, G4(H2) =0.065, G4 (CH4) =0.0020, G4 (C2H4) =0.0008, G4(C2H6)=0.0007, G4 (C3)=0.0011, G4(C4)=0.0005, G4 (C5) =0.0005, G5 (H2) =0,015, G5(CH4) = 0.0006 molecule/100 eV. Such yields of hydrogen and hydrocarbon gases were earlier observed for brown coals of the Siberian fields. As a difference of Siberian coals the formation of carbon monoxide in the studied interval of the absorbed dose at the room temperature are not identified. The preliminary irradiation of lignites lead to destructive and polycondensation processes (on dependence of adsorbed dose), that are reflected at their subsequent thermal decomposition. The mechanism of radiation-chemical processes in the lignites are discussed

  15. You Are Not Stuck in a Traffic Jam, You Are the Traffic Jam: Teaching Students How to Take Responsibility for Their Planet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pollach, Claudia

    2014-05-01

    Teaching Geography and Economics to our school's fifth graders (14 year-olds), we focus on topics like the ecosystem, climate, natural resources and natural disasters. In addition to the usual curriculum we would like to deepen their knowledge and we want to establish a link between facts, figures and students' lives. The main aim is to raise their awareness of "Our Changing Planet". They should learn how human activity influences climate and enviroment. Moreover, the students should understand how every single action a human being sets has a positive or negative impact on our earth. Even little steps made by each one of us can help the earth and everyone of us has the choice. The idea is to set up a project in which all 14-year-olds take part. They work outside their usual schedule and examine the topic's various aspects for up to three days. Plus, they can explore their individual options to help fix our planet. Possible topics are the sustainable usage of ressources such as water, air, wood, fuel and energy. What is my ecological footprint? How can I support the planet by acting responsible as a consumer? How can we make our school "greener"? Our mission is not only to gain information on the topic but also to change certain habits so that we live and act in a more responsible and sustainable way. Teachers of related subjects give their expertise and help exploring the issues. The "Our Changing Planet" project days peak in an assembly where the student teams present their findings plus an international climatologist is going to give a short lecture.

  16. “PHONETIC AND SEMANTIC REMAINS OF ORIGINAL LONG VOWELS IN AZERBAIJAN TURKISH”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elza SEMEDL?

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study is about original long vowels and their phonetic and semantic remains in Azerbaijani language and dialects. As is known long vowels have been preserved in a systematic manner in the Turkmen, Yakut and Khalach dialects. In this article words which are thought to be original long vowels in Azerbaijan Turkish are compared with Turkman Turkish. The scientists` opinions about long vowels in Azerbaijan Turkish also will be analyzed. The main aim is to present that along with primary long vowels, occlusive- unvoiced consonants p, ç, t, k have systematically been preserved in Yakut and Turkmen dialects but have mostly been sonorised in Azerbaijan Turkish. In addition, sonorisation and consonant derivation in a few examples in Azerbaijan Turkish have been compared with other Turkish dialects.

  17. Do Turkish Companies and German Companies in Germany Differ in Terms of Financial Performance?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhan Aydin

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Turkish immigrants have always been an important dynamic for the social and business life in Germany sinceOctober 1961, “Agreement for Sending the Turkish Workers to Germany”. They have then started to becomeimportant players as entrepreneurs in the economy after 1990s. This study aims to analyze performance ofTurkish and German companies in production and service industries operating in Germany by using financialanalysis methodology, and it aims to compare the results. Using 2007 financial data, the empirical results showthat Turkish firms in both industries take more liquidity risk than their German counterparts while they are usingless leverage in order to finance their investments. Moreover, Turkish companies have less profitability thanGerman companies with the effect of high cost of debt. Especially in service industry, Turkish firms have lowlevel of return for a unit of risk and low level of output for a unit of input.

  18. Perceptions of EFL Students toward Academic Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akarsu, Oktay; Harputlu, Leyla

    2014-01-01

    In this study, data were collected using a modified version of Mokhtari and Sheorey's (2002) Survey of Reading Strategies (SORS). Results suggest that Turkish EFL (English as a Foreign Language) students at the graduate level, while engaged in academic reading, are aware of almost all effective reading strategies, though each one is not used…

  19. THE EVALUATION OF SOME PHYSICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CAHARACTERISTICS OF TURKISH AND FOREIGN NATIONAL BADMINTON TEAM PLAYERS

    OpenAIRE

    Revan, Serkan; Aydog?mus?, Mert; Balci, S?u?kru? Serdar; Pepe, Hamdi; Erog?lu, Hu?seyin

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate of some physical and physiological characteristics of Turkish and Foreign National Badminton Team Players.The study was participated by 50 players from Turkish team (12 males and 11 females), from foreign team (13 females and 14 males). Body mass index, audio and visual reaction times, anaerobic power, body fat percentage and somatotype components of the participants were determined.While visual right hand reaction times of Turkish Male Badminton Players ...

  20. Comparison of Soft Tissue Cephalometric Norms between Turkish and European-American Adults

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmet Arif Celebi; Enes Tan; Ibrahim Erhan Gelgor; Tugba Colak; Erdem Ayyildiz

    2013-01-01

    One of the most important components of orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning is the evaluation of the patient's soft tissue profile. The main purpose of this study was to develop soft-tissue cephalometric standards for Turkish men and women and compare them with the cephalometric standards of normal European-American white people. The sample included 96 Turkish adults (48 women, 48 men), aged 20 to 27 years. Turkish subjects have increased facial convexity associated with retruded man...

  1. The Corporate Social Responsibility Practice in the Turkish Automotive Distribution Companies

    OpenAIRE

    Kucuk Yilmaz, Ayse

    2009-01-01

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has become an important subject for business. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is newly emerged concept for Turkish companies. This paper is investigated the current status of CSR efforts in the Turkish automotive distribution companies. Sabanci Holding, Dogus Group and Koç Group are selected as the top three best CSR practice cases for Turkish automotive distributor companies. Sabanci Holding, Do?u? Group and Koç Group have improved pr...

  2. Transformation of the Turkish Financial Sector in the Aftermath of the 2001 Crisis

    OpenAIRE

    Akin, Guzin Gulsun; Aysan, Ahmet Faruk; Yildiran, Levent

    2008-01-01

    This paper attempts to delineate the evolution of the Turkish banking sector in the post-crisis era after 2001. The paper summarizes the events in the Turkish banking sector until the 2001 crisis. After that, a section focuses on the major regulatory changes. A detailed account of the consolidation and transformation of Turkish banks following the crisis is presented with reference to various structural indicators of the sector. Efficiency and foreign bank entry are examined in for the post-c...

  3. Yabanc?lara Türkçe Ö?retiminde Ders Malzemelerinin Önemi ve ??levsel Ders Malzemelerinin Nitelikleri The Importance Of Teaching Materials In Turkish Language Teaching And The Required Qualifications Of These Materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cihan ÖZDEM?R

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available It won’t be an exaggeration to think that teaching materials arevery prominent means in teaching Turkish to foreigners. In fact, thecourse materials serve as a basis for the language data which thestudents need to learn and also the language studies which must beapplied in the classroom. When we look at the matter from the foreignstudents’ perspectives who study Turkish language abroad, besideteachers, the teaching/learning materials are very important source fortheir language study. We can see these materials in various forms:Textbooks, workbooks, reading books, homework papers, audio-visualor computer-based materials and so on. In addition, the resourceswhich are not designed for use of Turkish language teaching, such asmagazines, newspapers and TV programs, can also play a key role inthe curriculum.According to some researchers, the course materials designed forcommercial purposes reduce the teaching ability of language teachersand make them not to respond to the needs of their students. . Inaddition, the materials which contain an artificial language may bemisleading the students. On the other hand, according to somelinguists, the course materials can play a positive role in languageteaching. For example, they can be useful in the professionaldevelopment of teachers and encourage students to developautonomous learning strategies.These discussions and the increase of course materials show thatthe problem is not whether the teachers should use of languageteaching materials prepared for commercial purposes or not. The realproblem is what structure or qualities these materials should have.In this article, we will attempt to study the role of teachingmaterials in teaching Turkish to foreigners. The article consists of twoparts: We will look at approaches to using of teaching materials, andexamine two opposite points of view in the first part. The requiredqualifications of the course materials which are used in teachingTurkish and are improved the learning environment in the classroomwill be discussed in the second part.

  4. Longitudinal Analysis of Academic Burnout in Korean Middle School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Boyoung; Lee, Minyoung; Kim, Keunhwa; Choi, Hyunju; Lee, Sang Min

    2014-01-23

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the longitudinal relationships between the initial values and slopes of three dimensions of burnout syndrome (i.e. emotional exhaustion, cynicism and academic inefficacy). The study utilized four-wave longitudinal data from a total of 367 (81.6% response rate) middle school students in South Korea. Comprising a 6-month interval survey, the first survey was conducted in June 2010, the second in December 2010, the third in June 2011 and the fourth in December 2011. All participants were 13-year-olds at the first and second surveys, and 14-year-olds at the third and fourth surveys. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey was used for each survey to assess the level of academic burnout. The longitudinal data were analysed using latent growth modelling. The results of the study indicated that high initial values (intercept) for emotional exhaustion were associated with a higher rate of increase (slope) in cynicism and academic inefficacy. On the other hand, high initial values for cynicism and academic inefficacy were associated with a lower rate of increase in the other dimensions. This longitudinal study should promote understanding of burned-out students and contribute to the literature by informing the design of prevention programmes for academic burnout. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:24452964

  5. A STUDY TO DEVELOP A SCALE TO EXAM?NE TURKISH COURSE BOOKS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halit KARATAY

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Course books are among the primary instructional materials that teachers use in the lessons. They are the closest resources which students can have recourse to anytime when it is necessary, apart from their teachers and families, and whose activities they can go over by themselves. In the present study, a valid and reliable tool for measurement with which teachers and other related parties can examine the efficiency of internal and external qualities of the Turkish course books has been developed. The data obtained in the scale developing process have been evaluated in terms of gender of the teachers, their branches as well as the length of their service. A factor analysis of the data gathered from application has been conducted and the scale has been determined to have four dimensions. The first dimension has been named as “design of text and visuals”, the second dimension as “page design”, the third dimension as “orthography design”, the fourth dimension as “external features oriented toward production”. The internal consistency coefficient reliability for each dimension of the scale and, and for it in general are .84; .76; .71; .72 and .88, respectively. Generally, teachers have stated the qualities of the Turkish course books as “partially efficient”. It has been observed, when the qualities of the books have been compared from the perspective of the teachers’ duration of service, that there were significant differences in the dimension of the “design of text and visuals” and the scale in general; and that the difference was for those with longer durations of service. The quality of the books was not significantly different in terms of teachers’ gender.

  6. Scrupulosity in Islam: a comparison of highly religious Turkish and Canadian samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inozu, Mujgan; Clark, David A; Karanci, A Nuray

    2012-03-01

    Scrupulosity is a form of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) characterized by a tendency to have persistent doubts about God, sin, and the adequacy of one's religious behaviors and devotion. To date, no published studies have compared scrupulosity in high- and low-religious Muslim and Christian samples. In the present study religious school students as well as high- and low-religious university students in Turkey and Canada were compared on the Penn Inventory of Scrupulosity (PIOS), Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire (OBQ-44), and symptom measures of obssesionality and negative affect. Between-group comparisons revealed that the highly religious Turkish sample scored significantly higher than the highly religious Canadian students on the PIOS Fear of God but not the Fear of Sin subscale. Separate multiple regression analyses revealed that the Clark-Beck Obsessive Compulsive Inventory (CBOCI) Obsessions subscale, OBQ-44 Importance and Control of Thoughts subscale, and guilt were significant unique predictors of PIOS scrupulosity. These findings suggest that subtle differences exist in how scrupulosity is manifested in Islamic and Christian believers. PMID:22304890

  7. Sources of Foreign Language Student Teacher Anxiety: A Qualitative Inquiry

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Merç

    2011-01-01

    This study aimed to find out the sources of foreign language student teacher anxiety experienced by Turkish EFL student teachers throughout the teaching practicum using qualitative data collection tools. 150 student teachers completing their teaching practicum as part of their graduation requirement at Anadolu University Faculty of Education English Language Teaching Program participated in the study. The research tools were diaries kept by student teachers and semi-structured interviews cond...

  8. Students' Attitudes to Information in the Press: Critical Reading of a Newspaper Article With Scientific Content

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveras, B.; Márquez, C.; Sanmartí, N.

    2014-08-01

    This research analyses what happens when a critical reading activity based on a press article dealing with an energy-related problem is implemented with two groups of students of 13-14 years old and 16-17 years old in the same school (a total of 117 students). Specifically, the research analyses the students' profiles from the standpoint of their attitudes to the information given in the news story and the use they make of it when writing an argumentative text. It also analyses the difficulties the students have when it comes to applying their knowledge about energy in a real-life context. Lastly, some strategies are suggested for helping students to critically analyse the scientific content of a newspaper article. Three reader profiles were identified (the credulous reader, the ideological reader and the critical reader). No significant differences were found in reading profiles in terms of age or scientific knowledge. The findings show that the activity helped to link science learning in school with facts relating to an actual context, particularly in the case of students with more science knowledge.

  9. THE TURKISH VERSION OF THE CONSTRUCTIVIST TEACHING PRACTICES IN ELEMENTARY PHYSICAL EDUCATION INVENTORY: A RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bülent A?bu?a

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to determine the reliability and the validity of the Turkish version of the Constructivist Teaching Practices Inventory in Elementary Physical Education [CTPI-EPE] including Personal Relevance, Social Cooperation, and Games/Skills subscales. Participants consisted of 44 female, 66 male and totally 110 elementary school physical education school teachers in the central district of Denizli. In this study, the CTPI-EPE consisted of twenty-five items on a five-point rating scale.An examination of the factor loadings in Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA revealed that 9 questionnaire items (4 in Games/Skills, 2 in Personal Relevance, and 3 in Social Cooperation less than .40. Factor loadings, however, should be equal or larger than .40. Therefore, these items were removed. Finally, the CFA.results indicated therewere three factors represented in the data set. All indices [?2/df = 1.513, CFI = .93, TLI = .91, RMSEA = .06; factor loadings (from .45 to .86] represent an acceptable fit between the three-factor model and the data. Cronbach Alpha values were determined for whole scale 0.89, for Personal Relevance subscale 0.80, for Social Cooperation subscale 0.75, and for games/skills 0.81. Results of this study revealed that the Turkish version of the Constructivist Teaching Practices Inventory for Students fit the data well and demonstrated satisfactory psychometric properties. Given that reliability and validity analyses produced valid scores, this inventory is applicable to Turkish physical education teachers.

  10. Turkish nuclear legislation: Developments for a nuclear newcomer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The scope of legal investigation in this article focuses on nuclear legislation with regard to siting, construction, operation and decommissioning of NPPs, taking into account the main issues of nuclear safety, security, safeguards, radiological protection and nuclear third party liability. The state of existing legislation and, furthermore, of drafts published or announced related to substantive regulations and organisational aspects are at the centre of this article. International conventions and agreements, national legislation consisting of the constitution, laws, decrees and regulations as binding norms and otherwise, directives and non-binding guides provide the legal structure for nuclear activities. The evaluation of Turkish nuclear legislation with regard to the accomplishment of the obligations under, in particular, the CNS and Euratom directives, leads finally to the perspective on the specific issues that should be addressed in the regulation of nuclear energy for Turkey's future energy needs and to ensure conformity with international standards of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA). A brief discussion of Turkish energy legislation and institutional structure is necessary, because NPPs also need a licence for electricity production under Turkey's energy legislation. The Turkish government is aiming for greater privatisation in the energy sector. The current electricity market is governed, on the one hand, by the Electricity Market Law and Electricity Market License Regulation, which requires NPPs to have an electricity production licence and, on the other hand, by specific institutions. In terms of the Electricity Market Law, private legal entities who wish to obtain an electricity generation licence must 'be established as incorporated or limited liability companies in accordance with the provisions of the Turkish Commercial Law'. The relevant institutions in Turkey's energy sector include: the Energy Market Regulatory Authority (EPDK), which grants electricity production licences; the Turkish Electricity Distribution Company (TEDAS), involved in electricity distribution and trade 'in accordance with principles of productivity and profitableness'; the Turkish Electricity Trading and Contracting Company Inc. (TETAS), which engages in trading and contracting during the period of transition to an electricity market system; the state-owned Electricity Generation Company (EUAS), which was established 'to generate electricity in compliance with the energy and economic policies of the state and in accordance with the principles of efficiency and profitability' and with the 'mission... to generate reliable, economical, environmentally friendly energy by using the resources in our country efficiently so as to increase the public welfare'; and the Turkish Electricity Transmission Company (TEIAS) which, since 2001, deals with transmission facilities in the country and carries out the planning of load dispatch and operation services 'acting in compliance with the new market structure depending upon the transmission license obtained from Electricity Market Regulatory Authority (EMRA/EPDK) on 13 March 2003'. An Energy Stock Exchange is being developed in Turkey. Turkey, having published for public viewing for the first time its report of a CNS review meeting on 5 August 2013, is proceeding with the completion and consolidation of its nuclear legislation. In particular, the draft 'Nuclear Energy and Radiation Law', is expected for submission to the Prime Minister by the end of December 2013, and is an important step forward. This draft will address in detail the extent to which Turkey complies with the CNS today and in the near future. With regard to the regulatory body, no specific explanation of possible future legislation or restructuring is provided in the sixth review meeting report. Moreover, the structure of Turkish nuclear legislation and consequently the interaction of numerous norms in laws, decrees, regulations, directives and guides may not be changed by the d

  11. A Word Grammar of Turkish with Morphophonemic Rules

    CERN Document Server

    Oztaner, S M

    1996-01-01

    In this thesis, morphological description of Turkish is encoded using the two-level model. This description is made up of the phonological component that contains the two-level morphophonemic rules, and the lexicon component which lists the lexical items and encodes the morphotactic constraints. The word grammar is expressed in tabular form. It includes the verbal and the nominal paradigm. Vowel and consonant harmony, epenthesis, reduplication, etc. are described in detail and coded in two-level notation. Loan-word phonology is modelled separately. The implementation makes use of Lexc/Twolc from Xerox. Mechanisms to integrate the morphological analyzer with the lexical and syntactic components are discussed, and a simple graphical user interface is provided. Work is underway to use this model in a classroom setting for teaching Turkish morphology to non-native speakers.

  12. Study on the physical activity level of Turkish males

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramiz Arabac?

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate physical activity (PA level of the Turkish males who lived in BUrsa. A total of 365 subjects between 18 - 69 age participated to this study. To determine physical activity levels, International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ was applied. PA levels of subjects were categorized as inactive, minimum active and HEPA active by using MET method. The relations of parameters, such as their age, BMI, education, marital status, number of children, smoking and alcohol use were determined with PA level. The results were analyzed by using Chi - Square test. The participants have 1725 METmin/week average physical activity level, and 47.7 % of them were physically inactive, 30.4 % were physically minimum active and 21.9 % were physically hepa active. As a result, it can be said that the physical activity levels of Turkish males who lived in Bursa are not sufficient and the inactive people are very common.

  13. TURKISH ART OF WAR ACCORDING TO KUTADGU BILIG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Erkan GÖKSU

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Kutadgu Bilig explaining the Turkish thought on state and society clearly and plainly also reflects aproaches of the Turks to war and art of war. In this respect, it is possible to determine main aspects of “Turkish Art of War” from Kutadgu Bilig. It is stated that the war is “the last solution that can be applied against enemies who are ignorant, evil, not in favour of peace and unjust. Additionally some advices about various topics of art of war are given to the rulers and commanders. The most important subject stressed on the book is to be cautious. Furthermore, themes like courage, generousness, politics and stratagem, recruitment and arrangement, determining the place of rest and headqarters, intellegence, strategy and tactics, activities before and after war, teatment of death and injured soldiers are pointed out.

  14. Parliamentary Election Cycles and the Turkish Banking Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Baum, Christopher; Caglayan, Mustafa; Talavera, Oleksandr

    2009-01-01

    This paper analyzes the effects of parliamentary election cycles on the Turkish banking system. Using annual bank-level data representing all banks in Turkey during 1963?2005, we present evidence of meaningful differences in the structure of bank assets, liabilities and financial performance across different stages of the parliamentary election cycle. However, we find that government-owned banks? behavior does not differ from either domestic or foreign-owned private sector banks before, dur...

  15. Perimenopausal contraception in Turkish women: A cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Kharbouch Sema B; ?ahin Nevin H

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Epidemiologic research has shown that perimenopausal contraception is an important medical issue, because women during the perimenopause still need effective contraception. The objective of the study was to assess the contraceptive choices of perimenopausal Turkish women. Methods This is a descriptive cross-sectional study that in a non – random fashion recruited 202 perimenopausal and naturally menopausal women who lived in a suburban area of Istanbul. Women who took pa...

  16. Suicidal behavior among Turkish patients with Parkinson’s disease

    OpenAIRE

    Ozdilek B; Bk, Gultekin

    2014-01-01

    Betul Ozdilek,1 Bulent Kadri Gultekin21Department of Neurology, 2Department of Psychiatry, Erenkoy Mental Health and Neurology Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, TurkeyObjective: To investigate the predictors of suicidal ideation and attempts among Turkish Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients.Materials and methods: The study comprised 120 patients with PD. Clinical findings were obtained by using the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale. Disease severity was measured by th...

  17. Innovative Capacity Determinants: An Empirical Study of Turkish Firms

    OpenAIRE

    Aysa Ipek Erdogan

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an empirical examination of the determinants of innovative capacity of Turkish firms. The sample consists of 215 domestically-owned firms and is confined to the period of 2005-2008. Innovative capacity is measured with patent and trademark applications. The results show that patent intensity is not affected by financial performance, firm growth and value-added productivity. Trademark intensity is also not affected by financial performance and firm growth. Larger and younge...

  18. SELECTION AND TRAINING OF LEADERS IN THE TURKISH ARMED FORCES

    OpenAIRE

    Suat Begec

    2013-01-01

    Leadership is the most frequently studied concept at the beginning of every period of history. Leader is a commander and the leadership is a command the unit in military sense. The majority of studies about leadership are conducted in the armed forces. Many countries have designed their armies in accordance with these studies. The Turkish Armed Forces (TAF) believes the importance of these studies and designs education systems and training in the selection and training of the leaders. The big...

  19. COLLOCATION DICTIONARY OF ADJECTIVES IN TEACHING TURKISH: METHOD AND PRACTICE

    OpenAIRE

    O?zkan, Yrd Doc? Dr Bu?lent

    2010-01-01

    To collect the main vocabulary of a language is the major aims of lexicology works. Lexicology looks after to prepare not only for general purpose lexicon for mother tongue users but also particular purpose lexicons for special aims (e.g. proverbs and idioms dictionary, terms dictionary, synonym words dictionary, antonym words dictionary, collocation dictionary etc.). Today, when the studies are considered about the vocabulary of Turkey Turkish, general purpose lexicon works, and particular p...

  20. Acculturation and Depressive Symptoms among Turkish Immigrants in Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Eva Morawa; Yesim Erim

    2014-01-01

    The present study explores the impact of acculturation on depressive symptoms among Turkish immigrants in Germany, taking into account different dimensions of cultural orientation. A total of 471 patients from two selected samples (254 primary care patients and 217 outpatients of a psychosomatic department) participated. Levels of acculturation were measured as orientation towards culture of origin (CO), and orientation towards the host culture (HC). Acculturation strategies (integration, ass...

  1. Erionite exposure in North Dakota and Turkish villages with mesothelioma

    OpenAIRE

    Carbone, Michele; Baris, Y. Izzettin; Bertino, Pietro; Brass, Brian; Comertpay, Sabahattin; Dogan, A. Umran; Gaudino, Giovanni; Jube, Sandro; Kanodia, Shreya; Partridge, Charles R.; Pass, Harvey I.; Rivera, Zeyana S.; Steele, Ian; Tuncer, Murat; Way, Steven

    2011-01-01

    Exposure to erionite, an asbestos-like mineral, causes unprecedented rates of malignant mesothelioma (MM) mortality in some Turkish villages. Erionite deposits are present in at least 12 US states. We investigated whether increased urban development has led to erionite exposure in the United States and after preliminary exploration, focused our studies on Dunn County, North Dakota (ND). In Dunn County, ND, we discovered that over the past three decades, more than 300 miles of roads were surfa...

  2. [Mitral valve endocarditis after Turkish "Festival of Sacrifice"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaich, A; Fasel, D; Kaech, C; Frei, R

    2011-09-01

    Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae is the causative agent of swine erysipelas. Systemic infections caused by E. rhusiopathiae are rare, but often (90%) associated with endocarditis. In about 60% of cases endocarditis develops on normal heart valves, and despite appropriate antibiotic therapy about one-third of the patients requires valve replacement. We report the case of a housewife, who developed a mitral valve endocarditis due to E. rhusiopathiae after preparing meat for the Turkish "Festival of Sacrifice". PMID:21152883

  3. Natural radioactivity of Turkish natural stones as building materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The Turkey has very important natural stones potential with over 5 billion m3 marble reserves. According to 2002 giving data the number of Turkish stones export is 303 million US Dollars. In this regards, the present study deals with 90 Turkish natural stones. The studied samples were analyzed and the concentrations in Bq/kg dry weight of radioisotopes were determined by gamma-ray spectrometry using HPGe detector. The radon exhalation rates of natural stones were also measured by using solid state nuclear track detectors (LR-115 ). The radium equivalent activity varied from 183 Bq/kg to 522 Bq/kg for granite samples and from 1 Bq/kg to 37 Bq/kg for marble samples. The value of radon exhalation rate ranged from 0.003 Bq/m2h-1 to 0.768 Bq/m2 h-1 for granite samples and from 0.001 Bq/m2 h-1 to 0.02 Bq/m2 h-1 for marble samples. The total absorbed dose rates in air ranged from 22 to 61 n Gy h-1 for one quarter utilization of granite samples. The annual effective dose rates per person indoors were determined to be between 108 and 298 ?Sv y-1 for of for one quarter utilization of the materials. Applying the dose criteria recently recommended by UNSCEAR for building materials, the natural stones meet the upper dose limit of 1mSvy-1. So, there are not restrictions for use of any Turkish commercial marble as covering materials, including Turkish granites. (author)

  4. Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ay?egül KART

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the validity and reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire -Turkish Version (ACQ. Method: ACQ was administered to 92 patients with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Reliability of ACQ was analyzed by test-retest correlation, split-half technique, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Construct validity was evaluated by factor analysis after the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO and Bartlett test had been performed. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation used for factor analysis. Results: 64% of patients evaluated in the study were female and 36% were male. Age interval was between 18 and 58, mean age was 31.5±10.4. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.91. Analysis of test-retest evaluations revealed that there were statistically significant correlations ranging between 24% and 84% concerning questionnaire components. In analysis performed by split-half method reliability coefficients of half questionnaires were found as 0.77 and 0.91. Again Spearmen-Brown coefficient was found as 0.87 by the same analysis. To assess construct validity of ACQ, factor analysis was performed and two basic factors found. These two factors explained 57.6% of the total variance. (Factor 1: 34.6%, Factor 2: 23% Conclusion: Our findings support that ACQ-Turkish version had a satisfactory level of reliability and validity

  5. An SEM analysis of Turkish Teachers’ views on Emotional Intelligence

    OpenAIRE

    Elife Dogan Kilic; Hüseyin Korkut; Özgür Önen; Çi?dem Apayd?n

    2010-01-01

    The main purpose of this research is to identify the views of Turkish school teachers and principals with respect to the concept of emotional intelligence. A total of 169 questionnaires are evaluated using a modified version of the 'competence scale' of Titrek (2004). Explanatory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis are used to define the dimensions of emotional intelligence. The findings indicate no significant difference in views about emotional intelligence when comparing the g...

  6. CONSUMPTION ADJUSTMENTS OF TURKISH CONSUMERS DURING THE GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS

    OpenAIRE

    Ali?men, Nazl?; Bayraktarog?lu, Gu?l

    2011-01-01

    The impacts of the global financial crisis, which started in 2007 and affected both developed and developing countries, were felt in not only banking and finance sectors but also people’s way of living and consumption. The purpose of this paper is to reveal the impacts of the global financial crisis on Turkish consumers and compare these effects with respect to demographic factors. According to the findings, 35 consumption adjustment statements are grouped under seven dimensions: Cautious s...

  7. Named Entity Recognition in Turkish Using Association Measures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Senem Kumova Metin

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Named Entity Recognition which is an important subject of Natural Language Processing is a key technology of information extraction, information retrieval, question answering and other text processing applications. In this study, we evaluate previously well-established association measures as an initial attempt to extract two-worded named entities in a Turkish corpus. Furthermore we propose a new association measure, and compare it with the other methods. The evaluation of these methods is performed by precision and recall measures.

  8. The TURKISH JOURNAL ON ONLINE EDUCATION: A Content Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Latchem, Colin

    2009-01-01

    As the “Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education” approaches its tenth year, it seemed appropriate to assess to what extent its original goals had been achieved by conducting a content analysis of the Notes for Editors[1] and articles in the issues of appearing between January 2000 and October 2008. The analysis involved determining the articles’ countries of origin, sectors represented, and focus and frequency of the topics covered. It was found that the majority of articles were f...

  9. Electronic Publishing: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology (TOJET)

    OpenAIRE

    Isman, Aytekin; Dabaj, Fahme; Gumus, Agah

    2004-01-01

    The main goal of this study is to examine TOJET (The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology) in terms of concept, ethical values, goals, mission statement, publishing values, interest field, indexing, evaluation publishing activities, and visitor’s profile.There are four parts of this presentation, starting by explaining the online journal and its benefits, continuing by the structure of TOJET, then talking about the effect s of the journal on the global education, and finally, th...

  10. Ethical issues and attitude in the Turkish banking sector

    OpenAIRE

    Hortacsu, Ayfer; Ozkan Gunay, E. Nur

    2004-01-01

    This study concentrates on the ethical issues and conditions prevailing in the Turkish banking environment. A selfadministered mail survey was conducted with 554 top bank managers in Turkey. Scenarios that were developed after a pilot study were factor analyzed. The objective of the study was to identify ethics related organizational, cognitive and affective dimensions that are likely to affect perceptions of bank managers in interpreting the eight factors and the remaining four scenarios....

  11. Performance Benchmarking in Turkish Food and Beverage Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Arzu Tektas; Esin Ozdemir Tosun

    2010-01-01

    As the competition in the business world shifts from organizational to supply chain level and consequently include multi dimensions such as cost, quality and speed; efficiency and benchmarking analyses of supply chains require special attention. Within this context, this paper benchmarks the performance of Turkish food and beverage companies and discusses their global competitiveness as well as the improvement opportunities. Namely, it purposes to search for strengths and weaknesses at compan...

  12. Customer Expectation, Satisfaction and Loyalty Relationship in Turkish Airline Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Nuriye Gures; Seda Arslan; Sevil Yucel Tun

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, the development rate of aviation industry in Turkey has ascended faster than the rate of the worldaviation industry. The number of airlines has been increasing with the supports of Turkish government to vitalizethe aviation sector. Therefore, for airline companies, understanding passenger expectations, satisfaction andloyalty relationship has become very important because of tough competition in the industry.The main objective of this study is to find therelationship among th...

  13. Lexical inferencing: perceptions and actual behaviours of Turkish English as a Foreign Language Learners' handling of unknown vocabulary

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Kadriye Dilek, Akpinar.

    Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to examine Turkish English as a Foreign Language Learners' (EFL) handling of unknown words while reading English texts. The study also examines the relationship between these learners' perceptions and actual practices in the employment of knowledge sources while trying [...] to guess the meaning of unknown words. The participants involved in this study were 40 pre-service teacher education students between the ages of 18-22 years old. Data were collected through mixed (qualitative and quantitative) methods, namely, by a twofold vocabulary strategy survey and a lexical inference test. Pearson correlation coefficients were conducted to determine what relationships exist among the perceived behaviours and actual practices of learners for unknown words. The results of the correlation analyses identified an insignificant correlation between the actual practices and perceptions of students for the contextual and intralingual knowledge sources.

  14. THE VIEWS OF PRIMARY SCHOOL PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS AS TO TURKISH EDUCATION AND THEIR PERCEPTION OF PROFICIENCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeynep KILIÇ

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Through the language acquired from family and the immediate milieu, each individual learn the cultural codes of the society she/he is raised and get interaction with the community. Turkish has become that language of our official language of education and science following Turkish Language Reform in the early Turkish Republic Period. From then, the education of Turkish has been of prime importance too. Although the education of Turkish is provided via all courses in Turkish education system, primary burden and charge pertains to Turkish language courses. It is under the responsibility of primary school teachers in the initial step of primary education to provide an efficient and functional education of Turkish. Thus, it is of vital significance for primary school teachers to be proficient and competent. This study objects to introduce the views of primary school teacher candidates as to Turkish education courses and their own level of proficiency to teach Turkish. 103 prospective teachers participated in the study which was conducted with a qualitative method. The data was collected by the help of a questionnaire including openended 9 questions in total. The data of the study was analyzed with a descriptive method. According to the findings, pre-service teachers find Turkish education course functional, they state that while they teach grammar topics, they may get difficulty, however they are proficient enough to provide Turkish education courses

  15. Preparation of Non-listed Companies for External Auditing: Policy Recommendations for Turkish SMEs towards New Turkish Commercial Code

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Fatih Dalkilic

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Through recent developments, including the new Turkish Commercial Code, Basel II and IFRS for SMEs; External Auditing is quickly becoming a current issue that is expected to add value to all non-listed companies. Turkish Commercial Code requires all companies whether listed or non-listed to comply with Turkish Accounting Standards (TAS and Turkish Financial Reporting Standards (TFRS and requires all companies to be audited by an independent external auditor. The first section of the current study goes over the external auditing concept and its potential benefits. Following sections deal with country specific factors and developments that highlight external auditing. The fifth section, in line with current study, makes suggestions towards the preparation process of non-listed companies for external auditing.

    The first aim of this paper is to examine what kind of costs that companies may face in the case of non-compliance to the OHS regulations on the overall dimensions. Another aim is to show how OHS regulations work in a packaging company named Amcor which operates in 43 countries around the world, and looking to OHS with the employees’ point of view by applying a survey research.

  16. Turkish and English Language Teacher Candidates' Perceived Computer Self-Efficacy and Attitudes toward Computer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adalier, Ahmet

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study is to reveal the relation between the Turkish and English language teacher candidates' social demographic characteristics and their perceived computer self-efficacy and attitudes toward computer. The population of the study consists of the teacher candidates in the Turkish and English language departments at the universities…

  17. Somatotypes of Male Whitewater Canoe Athletes of the Turkish National Canoe Team

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vedat, Ayan

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to determine the somatotype characteristics of male whitewater canoe athletes of the Turkish National Canoe Team. 10 male whitewater canoe athletes from the Turkish National Canoe Team voluntarily participated in the study during the national team camp in Rize in 2011. The age, height, weight, skinfold thickness, circumference,…

  18. Preferences of Turkish Language Teachers for the Assessment-Evaluation Tools and Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guney, Nail

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the rate of teachers' use of assessment and evaluation tools given in 2005 curriculum of Turkish language teaching. To this end; we presented a list of assessment and evaluation tools on the basis of random sampling to 216 teachers of Turkish who work in Ordu, Samsun, Ankara, Trabzon and Istanbul…

  19. Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gehring, Donald D.; Young, D. Parker

    Educational consumerism continues to be the major focus of litigation involving students. Disputes over admissions practices, grades, academic terminations, and financial aid comprised the largest proportion of cases reported this year. The section on academic affairs is the largest single section. As the job market gets tighter and the cost of…

  20. IN THE CONTEXT OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CULTURE AND ART; THE EFFORTS OF THE UNIQUE TURKISH PAINTING IN EARLY YEARS OF THE REPUBLIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meryem Uzunoglu

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Westernization movement, started in the last period of the Ottoman Empire and continued after the establishment of the Tukish Republic, is a normal result of migration from east to west. However, this process has different characteristics than the other processes of acculturation in Turkish history, because of the internal dynamics. The first one is, Anatolian people encountered with western culture by the Turks who embraced Western culture, not by Europians due to the distance of geographical distance. Therefore the Western cultural forms just barely adopted by the public, and perceived as an imposition for a long time. The second one is the socio-cultural environment in Europe encountered the art students which sent to the west within the framework of the modernization program. The youth who are expected to create an original art language to reflect the rising values of modern Turkey by learning western art, confronted with the art of chaos within the social sructure caused by the capitalism and World War I. in Europe, in the first quarter of 20. century. In 1930's following the discussion at the issues of the relationship between State-Art-Artist and National Art some artists who are the members of " Association of Independent Painters and Sculptors" and "D Group" who paint in understanding of cubist, constructivistic or expresionistic, have been criticized in order to narrate the Turkish Revolution by the modern art forms which were the expression of depression. The events such as the Exibition of Revolution, The State Exibition of Painting and Sculpture, and the countryside excursions of artists, organised these years, have been directed the artists towards the national and local subjects; have tended to searches for unique style by synthesizing Turkish-Islamic Art with the principles of Western Art. Within the Western,zat,on Policies, the building efforts of the Contemporary Turkish Art have continued by the 1950's.

  1. GUIDING STUDENTS TO ANSWERS: Query Recommendation

    OpenAIRE

    Yilmazel, Ozgu?r

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on a guided navigation system built on the textbook search engine developed at Anadolu University to support distance education students. The search engine uses Turkish Language specific language processing modules to enable searches over course material presented in Open Education Faculty textbooks. We implemented a guided navigation engine by using query log mining to our application. It makes use of previous users’ sessions to help students find information they are lo...

  2. THE EVALUATION OF SOME PHYSICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CAHARACTERISTICS OF TURKISH AND FOREIGN NATIONAL BADMINTON TEAM PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serkan REVAN

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate of some physical and physiological characteristics of Turkish and Foreign National Badminton Team Players.The study was participated by 50 players from Turkish team (12 males and 11 females, from foreign team (13 females and 14 males. Body mass index, audio and visual reaction times, anaerobic power, body fat percentage and somatotype components of the participants were determined.While visual right hand reaction times of Turkish Male Badminton Players were better than foreign players, other physical parameters were not found as statistically significant between male player groups. While visual left hand reaction times of Turkish Female Badminton Players were better and mesomorphy values were less than foreign players, in other physical parameters a statistically significant difference could not found between female player groups.As a result, physical and physiological characteristics of Turkish and foreign badminton players were similar.

  3. Evaluation of historical thinking skills of 8th grade students’ opinions on the steps towards modernization in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Ruken Akar Vural; Adil Adnan Öztürk; Alev Çelik; Sultan Baysan

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to examine the historical thinking skills of 8th grade students on the steps towards Turkish modernization. The purpose of education in Turkey is declared to develop the young who are modern, adopted the principles and reforms of Atatürk, understand Turkish history and culture, equipped with the basic democratic values and respect for human rights, sensitive to the environment, interpret, use and regulate knowledge in the context of social and cultural construct base...

  4. EVALUATION OF LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE SKILLS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN TURKEY ACCORDING TO INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE DIPLOMA PROGRAM CRITERIA

    OpenAIRE

    Ay?e Yücel Çetin; Hilmi Demiral

    2012-01-01

    In this study, evaluation criteria for the teaching of language and literature used in Turkey and in the world was discussed; language and literature skills of Turkish students who came to the final stage of the secondary education were evaluated according to International Baccalaureate Diploma Program -IBDP- Turkish A1 course criteria. Related literature was examined in order to determine national and international criteria used in teaching of language and literature. 43 participant study gr...

  5. Use of cross-border healthcare services among ethnic Danes, Turkish immigrants and Turkish descendants in Denmark: a combined survey and registry study

    OpenAIRE

    Nielsen Signe; Yazici Suzan; Petersen Signe; Blaakilde Anne; Krasnik Allan

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Healthcare obtained abroad may conflict with care received in the country of residence. A special concern for immigrants has been raised as they may have stronger links to healthcare services abroad. Our objective was to investigate use of healthcare in a foreign country in Turkish immigrants, their descendants, and ethnic Danes. Methods The study was based on a nationwide survey in 2007 with 372 Turkish immigrants, 496 descendants, and 1,131 ethnic Danes aged 18–66. Dat...

  6. The Presence of Turkish Accent in the Iranian Turkish Speaking People's Farsi Contrasted with its Absence in Their Speaking English: Minimal Overwhelms Maximal Bilingualism

    OpenAIRE

    Ataollah Maleki

    2011-01-01

    The terms minimal and maximal bilingualism are respectively defined as incipient and native like ability to use a second language. The presence of Turkish accent in the Iranian Turkish speaking people's Farsi, with its absence in their speaking English contradicts the contrast between minimal and maximal dichotomy in bilingualism. These people do not speak Farsi, which is deeply rooted in their culture and way of life, as fluently as English to which they are lightly exposed. A five point Lik...

  7. Prevalence and factors associated with smoking among form four students in Petaling District, Selangor, Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, K H; Sumarni, M G; Kee, C C; Christopher, V M; Noruiza Hana, M; Lim, K K; Amal, N M

    2010-12-01

    A cross-sectional study was conducted among form four students of secondary schools in the District of Petaling, Selangor, Malaysia from February 2008 to June 2008 with the aim of quantifying the prevalence of smoking and identifying the psychosocial factors related to smoking among adolescents in this district. A two-stage stratified sampling strategy was used to obtain a sample of 1300 students based on an estimated prevalence of 10%. The response rate was 80.5% (1045 out of 1298 students). Results showed that prevalence of smoking was higher among male students (22.3%) compared to females (5.5%) and the median age at smoking initiation was lower among males compared to female smokers (14 years old vs 15 years old). Modifiable risk factors associated with smoking were "percentage of friends who smoke" (OR 2.94, 95% CI [1.71- 5.06]) and "having a brother who smokes" (OR 1.97, 95% CI [1.20-3.31]). There was also a correlation between smoking prevalence and the number of risk factors present. Intensification of health education and anti-smoking programmes and modification of external factors in early adolescence are recommended to prevent smoking initiation. PMID:21399579

  8. Italian contributions to Turkish paediatrics during the Ottoman Empire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yurdakok, Murat; Cataldi, Luigi

    2013-01-01

    The Ottoman Empire maintained close relations with the neighbouring Italian city states in the 16th and 17th century. Yacub Pasha (1425-1481), personal physician of Mehmed II the Conqueror, was an Italian Jew who advanced to the title of pasha and vizier. Domenico Hierosolimitano (ca. 1552-1622), the third physician to Sultan Murad III, was a Jerusalemite rabbi. His book is an important source about everyday life and medical practice in Istanbul at the time. Nuh bin Abd al-Mennab (1627-1707), also of Italian stock, was the Chief Physician of the Ottoman Empire, who translated a pharmacopoeia into Turkish. In the same century, two Italians, Israel Conegliano (Conian) and Tobia Cohen became private physicians to leading Ottoman pashas and the Grand Vizier. A. Vuccino (1829-1893) and Antoine Calleja Pasha (1806-1893) taught at the Istanbul Medical School. Italy was a favoured country for medical education during the early period of Ottoman westernisation. Sanizade Mehmet Ataullah Efendi (1771-1826) translated the first medical book printed in the Ottoman Empire from Italian into Turkish. Mustafa Behcet Efendi (1774-1833), chief physician to the Sultan and the founder of the first western medical school in Turkey, translated several medical books from Italian into Turkish. The first printed pharmacopeia in the Ottoman Empire was also originally Italian In the 19th century, Edouard Ottoni and his son Giuseppe Ottoni were well-known military pharmacists, both under the name of Faik Pasha. Probably the most influential physician of Italian origin was Giovanni Battista Violi (1849-1928), who had practiced paediatrics in Turkey for more than fifty years. Violi was the founder of the first children's hospital, the first vaccine institute, and the first paediatric journal in the Ottoman Empire. PMID:24304113

  9. Erionite exposure in North Dakota and Turkish villages with mesothelioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbone, Michele; Baris, Y Izzettin; Bertino, Pietro; Brass, Brian; Comertpay, Sabahattin; Dogan, A Umran; Gaudino, Giovanni; Jube, Sandro; Kanodia, Shreya; Partridge, Charles R; Pass, Harvey I; Rivera, Zeyana S; Steele, Ian; Tuncer, Murat; Way, Steven; Yang, Haining; Miller, Aubrey

    2011-08-16

    Exposure to erionite, an asbestos-like mineral, causes unprecedented rates of malignant mesothelioma (MM) mortality in some Turkish villages. Erionite deposits are present in at least 12 US states. We investigated whether increased urban development has led to erionite exposure in the United States and after preliminary exploration, focused our studies on Dunn County, North Dakota (ND). In Dunn County, ND, we discovered that over the past three decades, more than 300 miles of roads were surfaced with erionite-containing gravel. To determine potential health implications, we compared erionite from the Turkish villages to that from ND. Our study evaluated airborne point exposure concentrations, examined the physical and chemical properties of erionite, and examined the hallmarks of mesothelial cell transformation in vitro and in vivo. Airborne erionite concentrations measured in ND along roadsides, indoors, and inside vehicles, including school buses, equaled or exceeded concentrations in Boyali, where 6.25% of all deaths are caused by MM. With the exception of outdoor samples along roadsides, ND concentrations were lower than those measured in Turkish villages with MM mortality ranging from 20 to 50%. The physical and chemical properties of erionite from Turkey and ND are very similar and they showed identical biological activities. Considering the known 30- to 60-y latency for MM development, there is reason for concern for increased risk in ND in the future. Our findings indicate that implementation of novel preventive and early detection programs in ND and other erionite-rich areas of the United States, similar to efforts currently being undertaken in Turkey, is warranted. PMID:21788493

  10. MOVEMENT ANALYSIS OF TURKISH FOLK DANCE TYPE: “BAR”

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    Nihal OTKEN

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The movement analysis in “Bar”, Which is a type of Turkish Folk Dances, the main subject of this article. Three regions Erzurum, Bayburt and Erzincan are chosen to determine the basic movements that are most used in “Bar”. The basic movements are determined by examining 7 or 8 dances for 3 regions, namely 23 dances in sum. The similar and different characteristics of the sort are revealed by examining the arm positions and basic figures in body parts, which are used in these dances. In the study, first of all, video records that were recorded in the interviews with the regional folk dance trainers, various folk dance shows and folk dance competitions, are transformed into digital environment by Asus Live Video to have bmp and jpeg formats for examining the body movements with the aim of determining them. As a result of this work, the photos are taken and examined in digital environment. By analyzing these determined basic movements that are used in “Bar” dances in the respect of anatomy also, the anatomy terms, which are used by the medicine, anatomy and kinetics scholars in the whole world internationally are employed for the explanations of the movements due to the lack of the written terminology of Turkish folk dances. In the conclusion part, the necessity of movement analysis and its advantages provided for education and training of folk dance are mentioned. Also this article is the first study which puts movement analysis about “Bar” into practice in Turkish folk dances. This article was prepared at Istanbul Technical University Institute of Social Sciences, supported by Istanbul Technical University Scientific Research Projects Unit; "Determination of the Basic Movements Used in Folk Dances and Their Anatomical Analysis" is derived from the thesis Proficiency. The project examined five different types of folk dances. But from within the only “Bar” dances on the subject by examining the forms of movement, some stickers or additions are made on an article prepared.

  11. Nighttime feeding in Turkish children and its association with anemia

    OpenAIRE

    Damla ?nce; Melike Sultan Özgönenel; Öner Özdemir; Melih Abdullah Turunçkap?; Metin Trabzon; Bülent Özgönenel

    2012-01-01

    Background: Children who continue to wake up at night to be fed after 6 months of age are called trained nighttime feeders. Nighttime feeding may be associated with dental and medical complications, in addition to causing sleep deprivation in children and parents, as well as with iron-poor nutrition. Methods: We surveyed 614 Turkish children aged 6 months to 5 years from three centers (2 urban and 1 rural) to determine the prevalence of nighttime feeding. We also sought to determine factors a...

  12. Automated SEM-EDS GSR Analysis for Turkish Ammunitions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this work, Automated Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometry (SEM-EDS) was used to characterize 7.65 and 9mm cartridges Turkish ammunition. All samples were analyzed in a SEM Jeol JSM-5600LV equipped BSE detector and a Link ISIS 300 (EDS). A working distance of 20mm, an accelerating voltage of 20 keV and gunshot residue software was used in all analysis. Automated search resulted in a high number of particles analyzed containing gunshot residues (GSR) unique elements (PbBaSb). The obtained data about the definition of characteristic GSR particles was concordant with other studies on this topic

  13. Yakut Türkçesinde ?kizle?mi? Ünsüzler Twin Consonant In The Yakut Turkish

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    V. M. Anisimov Çeviren: Reshide ADZHUMEROVA-Emine ATMACA

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Yakut Turkish which belongs to the group of Uighur - Oghuz Turkish, Yakut Autonomous Republic is spoken. Yakut Turkish, Turkish language dialect. Yakut Turkish, distant dialect of Turkish language. Yakut Turkish is divided Turkish language before the main Turkish period. There are Mongolian, Tungusic, Samoyedic and Russian the language elements in the Yakut Turkish lexicology. Yakut Turkish has Kangal-Vidyuy, Nam-aldan and Dolagan three mouth.As is known, vowel in Turkish are considered in terms of formation long vowels, short vowels and normal term three groups. Long vowels are divided into two groups. Secondary long vowels and primary (~ essential long vowels. Secondary long vowels are Oghuz group of Gagauz and Turkmen dialects; Karluk group of Uighur dialects; Kipchak group of Kirghiz, Kumyk and Karachay-Balkar; Siberian of group Tuvan, Altai, Shor, and Khakas is Turkish. Primary (~essential long vowels live in Turkmen, Halac and Yakut Turkish. Long vowels regular in Turkmen, Halac and Yakut Turkish. Especially Yakut Turkish protects primary (~essential long vowels old Turkish language in a systematic way.In this article V. M. Anisimov, are there any long consonants in the Yakut Turkish? or side by side with the arrival of twin consonants? He answered questions such as. Uygur-O?uz grubuna ait Yakut Türkçesi, Türk dilinin Sibirya’da Rusya Federasyonu’na ba?l? Yakut Özerk Cumhuriyetinde konu?ulan uzak bir lehçesidir. Yakut Türkçesi, Türk dilinin Ana Türkçe döneminden çok önce ayr?ld??? için genel Türkçeden çok uzakla?m??t?r. Yaz? dili hâline çok sonra geçmi? Yakut Türkçesinin söz varl???nda Mo?olca, Tunguzca, Samoyetçe ve Rusçaya ait dil ö?eleri bulunur. Yakut Türkçesinin Kangal-Vilyuy, Nam-Aldan ve Dolagan olmak üzere üç a?z? vard?r.Bilindi?i üzere Türk dilinin ünlüleri, bo?umlanma süreleri bak?m?ndan uzun ünlüler, k?sa ünlüler ve normal süreli ünlüler olmak üzere üç grupta ele al?n?r. Uzun ünlüler, kendi içerisinde ikincil uzun ünlüler ve birincil (~aslî uzun ünlüler olmak üzere iki gruba ayr?l?r. ?kincil uzun ünlüler bugün O?uz grubu lehçelerinden Gagauz ve Türkmen; Karluk grubu lehçelerinden Uygur; K?pçak grubu lehçelerinden K?rg?z, Kumuk, Karaçay-Malkar; Sibirya grubu lehçelerinden Tuva, Altay, ?or ve Hakas Türkçelerinde görülmektedir. Türk dilinde birincil ünlü uzunluklar? ise düzenli olarak Türkmen, Halaç ve Yakut Türkçelerinde ya?amaktad?r. Özellikle Yakut Türkçesi, en eski Türk diline ait birincil (~aslî uzun ünlüleri sistemli bir ?ekilde korudu?undan Türk Dili ara?t?rmalar? aç?s?ndan son derece önemli bir lehçedir.V. M. Anisimov bu makalesinde, Yakut Türkçesinde uzun ünsüzler var m?d?r? Yoksa bu durum, birbirine tamamen benzemi? iki ünsüzün (~ünsüz ikizle?mesi yan yana gelmesi midir? gibi sorular? Yakut Türkçesinde tespit etti?i örneklerden hareketle cevaplam??t?r.

  14. FROM TRADITION TO RELIGION: ORGANISATIONAL TRANSFORMATION OF THE LONDON TURKISH MIGRANT COMMUNITY

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    ?lkay ?AH?N

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to explore the transformation of traditional structure into religious organisations as a result of migration in the case of the London Turkish migrant community. The London Turkish migrant community is one of the many Turkish migrant communities in European cities. In fact, it represents a ‘gemeinschaft’ community in terms of traditional belief system and social organisations in a ‘gesellschaft’ society. The London Turkish migrant community has transported its traditional local heritage to a different structure that has represented a different meaning system. As a result of disharmony between the local meaning system and the new structure in Britain, traditional social organisations such as solidarity networks have lost their functions. These functional changes have created their functional equivalent in the structure of the ‘gesellschaft’ community. Consequently, the functional equivalent of traditional solidarity networks, that is, ideological organisations established as a religious centres have replaced traditional solidarity networks and have reorganised the membership system of the community. This structural organisation in the social life of the London Turkish migrant community has taken place according to migration type, settlement pattern and ideological diversities. Also this transformation has differentiated with regard to different subgroups of the London Turkish migrant community such as Anatolian Sunnis, Alevis and Turkish Cypriots.

  15. The Effects of Conflict Resolution and Peer Mediation Training on Primary School Students' Level of Aggression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turnuklu, Abbas; Kacmaz, Tarkan; Gurler, Selma; Sevkin, Burcak; Turk, Fulya; Kalender, Alper; Zengin, Feza

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to analyse the effects of conflict resolution and peer mediation (CRPM) training on the levels of aggression of 10-11-year-old Turkish primary school students. The study was conducted using a quasi-experimental design. The experimental group of the study included 347 students (173 girls, 174 boys), and the control group had 328…

  16. Tablets in Education: Outcome Expectancy and Anxiety of Middle School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorhan, Meryem Fulya; Oncu, Semiral; Senturk, Aysan

    2014-01-01

    It is planned that every student in all primary, middle, and high schools (public schools) under the administration of the Turkish Ministry of National Education receive a tablet through the FATIH Project. Research shows that many teachers hold reservations toward students using tablets for educational purposes. The purpose of this study is to…

  17. The Effects of Swedish Knife Model on Students' Understanding of the Digestive System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerrah Ozsevgec, Lale; Artun, Huseyin; Unal, Melike

    2012-01-01

    This study was designed to examine the effect of Swedish Knife Model on students' understanding of digestive system. A simple experimental design (pretest-treatment-posttest) was used in the study and internal comparison of the results of the one group was made. The sample consisted of 40 7th grade Turkish students whose ages range from 13 to 15.…

  18. High School Students' Career Decision-Making Pattern across Parenting Styles and Parental Attachment Levels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya; Kirdok, Oguzhan; Isik, Erkan

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: The purpose of this research was to investigate career decision among high school students regarding to their parenting styles (authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful) and parental attachment levels. Method: With this purpose, 382 (200 females; 182 males) Turkish high school students aged 14-18 completed Career…

  19. Mathematics Teacher Quality: Its Distribution and Relationship with Student Achievement in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özel, Zeynep Ebrar Yetkiner; Özel, Serkan

    2013-01-01

    A main purpose of the present study was to investigate the distribution of qualified mathematics teachers in relation to students' socioeconomic status (SES), as measured by parental education, among Turkish middle schools. Further, relationships between mathematics teacher quality indicators and students' mathematics achievement were…

  20. Biology Students' and Teachers' Religious Beliefs and Attitudes towards Theory of Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozay Kose, Esra

    2010-01-01

    Evolution has not being well addressed in schools partly because it is a controversial topic in religious views. In the present study, it is explored to what extent Turkish secondary school biology teachers and students accommodate the theory of biological evolution with their religious beliefs. Two-hundred fifty secondary school students and…