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Sample records for thresholds validated questionnaires

  1. Análise da correlação entre limiares auditivos, questionários validados e medidas psicoacústicas em pacientes com zumbido / Correlation analysis of hearing thresholds, validated questionnaires and psychoacoustic measurements in tinnitus patients

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ricardo Rodrigues, Figueiredo; Marcelo A., Rates; Andréia Aparecida de, Azevedo; Patrícia Mello de, Oliveira; Patrícia B. A. de, Navarro.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Uma das principais dificuldades nos estudos clínicos sobre zumbido reside na falta de consenso sobre os métodos de mensuração. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a correlação entre os limiares audiométricos, pitch matching (PM), minimum masking level (MML), Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) e o Inventário de Depress [...] ão de Beck (BDI) em pacientes com zumbido. MODELO DE ESTUDO: Prospectivo, coorte transversal. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: 48 pacientes com zumbido como queixa principal foram submetidos aos testes audiométricos e questionários acima descritos. Os dados foram comparados estatisticamente para as correlações entre os métodos. RESULTADOS: Não houve correlação estatisticamente significativa entre o THI e MML, tanto em pacientes com BDI acima e abaixo de 14 pontos, bem como entre a frequência de pior limiar auditivo e o Pitch matching e entre a frequência de "cut-off" e o PM nos pacientes com curvas descendentes em rampa. CONCLUSÕES: Não existe correlação estatisticamente significativa entre as medidas psicoacústicas do zumbido, os limiares audiométricos e os questionários de avaliação. O zumbido é um sintoma muito complexo e avaliações isoladas pelos métodos acima não são satisfatórias. Abstract in english One of the most criticized points in tinnitus clinical studies arise from the lack of consensus about measurement methods. AIM: To evaluate the correlation between audiometric thresholds, pitch matching (PM), minimum masking level (MML), Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and the Beck Depression Inve [...] ntory (BDI) in tinnitus patients. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were submitted to tonal audiometry, PM and MML for tinnitus. They also filled out the THI and BDI. Data was statistically compared for correlation purposes between audiometric thresholds, psycho-acoustic measures and questionnaires. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant correlation between THI and MML, both in patients with BDI scores under and over 14 points. There was no statistically significant correlation between the worst hearing frequency and PM, as well as between the cut-off frequency and the PM in patients with descending hearing curves in their audiograms. CONCLUSIONS: There is no statistically significant correlation between psycho-acoustic measures (PM and MML), audiometric thresholds, THI and BDI. Tinnitus is a very complex symptom and isolated measures by psycho-acoustic methods; tinnitus and depression questionnaires are not satisfactory.

  2. Análise da correlação entre limiares auditivos, questionários validados e medidas psicoacústicas em pacientes com zumbido Correlation analysis of hearing thresholds, validated questionnaires and psychoacoustic measurements in tinnitus patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Rodrigues Figueiredo

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Uma das principais dificuldades nos estudos clínicos sobre zumbido reside na falta de consenso sobre os métodos de mensuração. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a correlação entre os limiares audiométricos, pitch matching (PM, minimum masking level (MML, Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI e o Inventário de Depressão de Beck (BDI em pacientes com zumbido. MODELO DE ESTUDO: Prospectivo, coorte transversal. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: 48 pacientes com zumbido como queixa principal foram submetidos aos testes audiométricos e questionários acima descritos. Os dados foram comparados estatisticamente para as correlações entre os métodos. RESULTADOS: Não houve correlação estatisticamente significativa entre o THI e MML, tanto em pacientes com BDI acima e abaixo de 14 pontos, bem como entre a frequência de pior limiar auditivo e o Pitch matching e entre a frequência de "cut-off" e o PM nos pacientes com curvas descendentes em rampa. CONCLUSÕES: Não existe correlação estatisticamente significativa entre as medidas psicoacústicas do zumbido, os limiares audiométricos e os questionários de avaliação. O zumbido é um sintoma muito complexo e avaliações isoladas pelos métodos acima não são satisfatórias.One of the most criticized points in tinnitus clinical studies arise from the lack of consensus about measurement methods. AIM: To evaluate the correlation between audiometric thresholds, pitch matching (PM, minimum masking level (MML, Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI in tinnitus patients. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, cross-sectional. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were submitted to tonal audiometry, PM and MML for tinnitus. They also filled out the THI and BDI. Data was statistically compared for correlation purposes between audiometric thresholds, psycho-acoustic measures and questionnaires. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant correlation between THI and MML, both in patients with BDI scores under and over 14 points. There was no statistically significant correlation between the worst hearing frequency and PM, as well as between the cut-off frequency and the PM in patients with descending hearing curves in their audiograms. CONCLUSIONS: There is no statistically significant correlation between psycho-acoustic measures (PM and MML, audiometric thresholds, THI and BDI. Tinnitus is a very complex symptom and isolated measures by psycho-acoustic methods; tinnitus and depression questionnaires are not satisfactory.

  3. Validation of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Luc J.; Carron, Albert V.; Eys, Mark A.; Loughead, Todd

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to test the validity evidence of the Child Sport Cohesion Questionnaire (CSCQ). To accomplish this task, convergent, discriminant, and known-group difference validity were examined, along with factorial validity via confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Child athletes (N = 290, M[subscript age] = 10.73 plus or…

  4. Developing and validating an Academic Listening Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vahid Aryadoust

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available This article reports on the development and administration of the Academic Listening Self-rating Questionnaire (ALSA. The ALSA was developed on the basis of a proposed model of academic listening comprising six related components. The researchers operationalized the model, subjected items to iterative rounds of content analysis, and administered the finalized questionnaire to international ESL (English as a second language students in Malaysian and Australian universities. Structural equation modeling and rating scale modeling of data provided content-related, substantive, and structural validity evidence for the instrument. The researchers explain the utility of the questionnaire for educational and assessment purposes.

  5. Construct Validity Of The Career Resilience Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Lew, Charlene C.; Bruin, Gideon P.

    2002-01-01

    The construct validity of the Career Resilience Questionnaire (Fourie & VanVuuren, 1998) was investigated by means of an oblique multiple groups factor analysis.The highest factor structure coefficients of several of the items did not coincide with the respective factors that the items were postulated to measure. In addition, the correlations among the factors cast doubt on the independence of some of the constructs.

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  6. Social Reward Questionnaire (SRQ: Development and validation

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    LucyFoulkes

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Human beings seek out social interactions as a source of reward. To date, there have been limited attempts to identify different forms of social reward, and little is known about how the value of social rewards might vary between individuals. This study aimed to address both these issues by developing the Social Reward Questionnaire (SRQ, a measure of individual differences in the value of different social rewards. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA was run on an initial set of 75 items (N=305. Based on this analysis, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA was then conducted on a second sample (N=505 with a refined 23-item scale. This analysis was used to test a six-factor structure, which resulted in good model fit (CFI=.96, RSMEA=.07. The factors represent six subscales of social reward defined as follows: Admiration; Negative Social Potency; Passivity; Prosocial Interactions; Sexual Reward; and Sociability. All subscales demonstrated good test-retest reliability and internal consistency. Each subscale also showed a distinct pattern of associations with external correlates measuring personality traits, attitudes and goals, thus demonstrating construct validity. Taken together, the findings suggest that the SRQ is a reliable, valid measure that can be used to assess individual differences in the value experienced from different social rewards.

  7. Establishing the Validity and Reliability of Course Evaluation Questionnaires

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kember, David; Leung, Doris Y. P.

    2008-01-01

    This article uses the case of designing a new course questionnaire to discuss the issues of validity, reliability and diagnostic power in good questionnaire design. Validity is often not well addressed in course questionnaire design as there are no straightforward tests that can be applied to an individual instrument. The authors propose the…

  8. Validation of the French version of the Bournemouth Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Martel, Johanne; Dugas, Claude; Lafond, D.; Descarreaux, M.

    2009-01-01

    Self questionnaires are an important aspect of the management of neck pain patients. The Bournemouth Questionnaire (BQ), based on the biopsychosocial model, is designed to evaluate patients with neck pain. The validated English version of this questionnaire (BQc-English) has psychometric properties that range from moderate to excellent. The goal of this study is to translate and validate a French version of the Bournemouth Questionnaire for neck pain patients (BQc-f). Its translation and adap...

  9. The Collaborative Problem Solving Questionnaire: Validity and Reliability Test

    OpenAIRE

    Khoo Yin Yin; Abdul Ghani Kanesan Abdullah

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study is to validate the questionnaire by using confirmatory factor analysis. Besides, it also would like to examine the internal reliability. Three hypotheses were tested. The questionnaires have been answered by 294 respondents among ten schools. The minimum criterion of model was achieved. The reliability of the questionnaires was high.

  10. Validation of the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ) in primary care

    OpenAIRE

    Ehrs Per-Olof; Nokela Mika; Ställberg Björn; Hjemdal Paul; Jonsson Eva

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Patient centred outcomes, such as health status, are important in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Extensive questionnaires on health status have good measurement properties, but are not suitable for use in primary care. The newly developed, short Clinical COPD Questionnaire, CCQ, was therefore validated against the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Methods 111 patients diagnosed by general practitioners as having COPD completed the questionnaires ...

  11. Validity and Reliability of Sport Organizational Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire

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    Hamid Sarani

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This research has been designed and conducted to evaluate the validity and reliability of organizational citizenship behavior questionnaire as an instrument in sports environment to assess the status of organizational citizenship behavior dimensions among the athletes of clubs. A 20-question questionnaire has been designed to measure the dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior by studying the background of existing researches and questionnaires. The statistical sample included all of male athletes working in Iran’s Futsal premier league, and 144 questionnaires returned at last. In this research, the exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the validity of structure after assessing the validity of content and convergent validity (average variance extracted. And, to evaluate the combinational reliability, Cronbach’s Alpha was used. Moreover, the applications SPSS and PLS-Graph were used to analyze data. The results of exploratory factor analysis indicated that five factors were explained by 69.10% of variance, and Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin was measured 85.5%. The reliability of the questionnaire was reported to be 91% and 93% based on Cronbach’s Alpha and combinational reliability, respectively. Given the fact that the validity and reliability indexes of questionnaire have all been reported to be in a satisfactory condition, this questionnaire can be used as a valid and reliable questionnaire to measure organizational citizenship behavior and its dimensions.

  12. Social Reward Questionnaire (SRQ): Development and validation

    OpenAIRE

    LucyFoulkes; CraigSNeumann

    2014-01-01

    Human beings seek out social interactions as a source of reward. To date, there have been limited attempts to identify different forms of social reward, and little is known about how the value of social rewards might vary between individuals. This study aimed to address both these issues by developing the Social Reward Questionnaire (SRQ), a measure of individual differences in the value of different social rewards. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was run on an initial set of 75 items (N=30...

  13. Social Reward Questionnaire (SRQ): development and validation.

    OpenAIRE

    Foulkes, L.; Viding, E.; McCrory, E.; Neumann, C S

    2014-01-01

    Human beings seek out social interactions as a source of reward. To date, there have been limited attempts to identify different forms of social reward, and little is known about how the value of social rewards might vary between individuals. This study aimed to address both these issues by developing the Social Reward Questionnaire (SRQ), a measure of individual differences in the value of different social rewards. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was run on an initial set of 75 items (N = ...

  14. Validity and Reliability of Sport Organizational Citizenship Behavior Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Hamid Sarani; Ali Mohammad Safania

    2014-01-01

    This research has been designed and conducted to evaluate the validity and reliability of organizational citizenship behavior questionnaire as an instrument in sports environment to assess the status of organizational citizenship behavior dimensions among the athletes of clubs. A 20-question questionnaire has been designed to measure the dimensions of organizational citizenship behavior by studying the background of existing researches and questionnaires. The statistical sample included all o...

  15. Validation of a Korean version of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire.

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Yun-A; Lee, Shin-Seok; Park, Kyeongsoo

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this study was to translate the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ) into Korean and to evaluate its reliability and validity for use with Korean-speaking patients with fibromyalgia (FM). After translating the FIQ into Korean, we administered it to 55 patients with FM (28 patients filled out the questionnaire again 7 days later) together with a Korean version of the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revision (SCL-90-R). The tender-point count (TP...

  16. Further Validation and Development of the Movement Imagery Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Sarah E.; Ntoumanis, Nikos; Cummings, Jennifer; Ramsey, Richard; Nordin-bates, Sanna M.; Hall, Craig

    2013-01-01

    This research validated and extended the Movement Imagery Questionnaire- Revised (MIQ-R; Hall & Martin, 1997). Study 1 (N = 400) examined the MIQ-R’s factor structure via multitrait-multimethod confirmatory factor analysis. The questionnaire was then modified in Study 2 (N = 370) to separately assess the ease of imaging external visual imagery and internal visual imagery, as well as kinesthetic imagery (termed the Movement Imagery Questionnaire-3; MIQ-3). Both Studies 1 an...

  17. Construct Validity of the Children's Music-Related Behavior Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valerio, Wendy H.; Reynolds, Alison M.; Morgan, Grant B.; McNair, Anne A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to investigate the construct validity of the Children's Music-Related Behavior Questionnaire (CMRBQ), an instrument designed for parents to document music-related behaviors about their children and themselves. The research problem was to examine the hypothesized factorial structure of the questionnaire. From a…

  18. Child abuse: validation of a questionnaire translated into Brazilian Portuguese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glaucia Marengo

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This study sought to validate the Portuguese translation of a questionnaire on maltreatment of children and adolescents, developed by Russell et al. and to test its psychometric properties for use in Brazil. The original questionnaire was translated into Portuguese using a standardized forward-backward linguistic translation method. Both face and content validity were tested in a small pilot study (n = 8. In the main study, a convenience sample of 80 graduate dentistry students with different specialties, from Curitiba, PR, Brazil, were invited to complete the final Brazilian version of the questionnaire. Discriminant validity was assessed by comparing the results obtained from the questionnaire for different specialties (pediatric dentistry, for example. The respondents completed the questionnaire again after 4 weeks to evaluate test-retest reliability. The comparison of test versus retest questionnaire answers showed good agreement (kappa > 0.53, intraclass correlation > 0.84 for most questions. In regard to discriminant validity, a statistically significant difference was observed only in the experience and interest domains, in which pediatric dentists showed more experience with and interest in child abuse compared with dentists of other specialties (Mann-Whitney test, p < 0.05. The Brazilian version of the questionnaire was valid and reliable for assessing knowledge regarding child abuse by Portuguese-speaking dentists.

  19. Reliability and validity of the chronic respiratory questionnaire (CRQ).

    OpenAIRE

    Wijkstra, P. J.; Tenvergert, E. M.; Altena, R.; Otten, V.; Postma, D. S.; Kraan, J.; Koe?ter, G. H.

    1994-01-01

    BACKGROUND--The Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ) is frequently applied to assess quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the reliability and validity of this questionnaire have not yet been determined. This study investigates the reliability and validity of the four separate dimensions of the CRQ. METHODS--The CRQ was administered on two consecutive days to 40 patients with COPD (mean FEV1 44% predicted, FEV1/IVC 37% predicted). Internal ...

  20. Development, validity and responsiveness of the Clinical COPD Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    ten Hacken Nick HT; Schokker Siebrig; Willemse Brigitte WM; Van Der Molen Thys; Postma Dirkje S; Juniper Elizabeth F

    2003-01-01

    Abstract Background The new Global Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) guidelines advice to focus treatment in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) on improvement of functional state, prevention of disease progression and minimization of symptoms. So far no validated questionnaires are available to measure symptom and functional state in daily clinical practice. The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ). Methods Qualitative research with patie...

  1. Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version

    OpenAIRE

    Ay?egül KART; M. Hakan Türkçapar

    2013-01-01

    Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the validity and reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire -Turkish Version (ACQ). Method: ACQ was administered to 92 patients with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Reliability of ACQ was analyzed by test-retest correlation, split-half ...

  2. Validation of the Reflux Disease Questionnaire into Greek

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    Christos Lionis

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Primary care physicians face challenges in diagnosing and managing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD. The Reflux Disease Questionnaire (RDQ meets the standards of validity, reliability, and practicability. This paper reports on the validation of the Greek translation of the RDQ. RDQ is a condition specific instrument. For the validation of the questionnaire, the internal consistency of its items was established using the alpha coefficient of Chronbach. The reproducibility (test-retest reliability was measured by kappa correlation coefficient and the criterion of validity was calculated against the diagnosis of another questionnaire already translated and validated into Greek (IDGP using kappa correlation coefficient. A factor analysis was also performed. Greek RDQ showed a high overall internal consistency (alpha value: 0.91 for individual comparison. All 8 items regarding heartburn and regurgitation, GERD, had good reproducibility (Cohen’s ? 0.60-0.79, while the remaining 4 items about dyspepsia had a moderate reproducibility (Cohen’s ?=’ 0.40-0.59 The kappa coefficient for criterion validity for GERD was rather poor (0.20, 95% CI: 0.04, 0.36 and the overall agreement between the results of the RDQ questionnaire and those based on the IDGP questionnaire was 70.5%. Factor analysis indicated 3 factors with Eigenvalue over 1.0, and responsible for 76.91% of variance. Regurgitation items correlated more strongly with the third component but pain behind sternum and upper stomach pain correlated with the second component. The Greek version of RDQ seems to be a reliable and valid instrument following the pattern of the original questionnaire, and could be used in primary care research in Greece.

  3. Sexual behavioral abstine HIV/AIDS questionnaire: Validation study of an Iranian questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Najarkolaei, Fatemeh Rahmati; Niknami, Shamsaddin; Shokravi, Farkhondeh Amin; Tavafian, Sedigheh Sadat; Fesharaki, Mohammad Gholami; Jafari, Mohammad Reza

    2014-01-01

    Background: This study was designed to assess the validity and reliability of the designed sexual, behavioral abstinence, and avoidance of high-risk situation questionnaire (SBAHAQ), with an aim to construct an appropriate development tool in the Iranian population. Materials and Methods: A descriptive–analytic study was conducted among female undergraduate students of Tehran University, who were selected through cluster random sampling. After reviewing the questionnaires and investigating face and content validity, internal consistency of the questionnaire was assessed by Cronbach's alpha. Explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis was conducted using SPSS and AMOS 16 Software, respectively. Results: The sample consisted of 348 female university students with a mean age of 20.69 ± 1.63 years. The content validity ratio (CVR) coefficient was 0.85 and the reliability of each section of the questionnaire was as follows: Perceived benefit (PB; 0.87), behavioral intention (BI; 0.77), and self-efficacy (SE; 0.85) (Cronbach's alpha totally was 0.83). Explanatory factor analysis showed three factors, including SE, PB, and BI, with the total variance of 61% and Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin (KMO) index of 88%. These factors were also confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis [adjusted goodness of fitness index (AGFI) = 0.939, root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = 0.039]. Conclusion: This study showed the designed questionnaire provided adequate construct validity and reliability, and could be adequately used to measure sexual abstinence and avoidance of high-risk situations among female students. PMID:24741650

  4. Development and Validation of the Pregnancy and Infant Orientation Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Meyer-bahlburg, Heino F. L.; Dolezal, Curtis; Johnson, Laurel L.; Kessler, Suzanne J.; Schober, Justine M.; Zucker, Kenneth J.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this current study was the construction, scaling, and scale validation of a self-report questionnaire assessing biographical information and motivation for pregnancy and infant care in men and women with disorders of sex development or other gender variations of potential clinical relevance. The overall design of the questionnaire and the initial item pool were derived from related clinical and research experience. Collection of pilot data and, where appropriate, scale construc...

  5. Respiratory symptoms questionnaire for asthma epidemiology: validity and reproducibility.

    OpenAIRE

    Venables, Km; Farrer, N.; Sharp, L.; Graneek, Bj; Newman Taylor, Aj

    1993-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is a need for a new respiratory symptoms questionnaire for use in epidemiological research in asthma. METHOD: A questionnaire was designed following a pilot study in 78 subjects. It contains nine questions on symptoms such as wheeze and difficulty with breathing in defined circumstances such as exercise and sleep. It was completed by 211 adults and validated by comparison with a self reported history of asthma and with bronchial hyperresponsiveness to histamine. Its short te...

  6. Validation of a questionnaire of knowledge about asthma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An educative intervention destined to increase the knowledge in asthma allows the children and/or its parents to acquire abilities that allow to prevent and/or to handle the asthmatic attacks, decreasing the morbidity produced by the disease, nevertheless we do not account with a validated instrument that allows us to quantify the level of asthma knowledge. The objective is to develop and to validate a questionnaire of knowledge about asthma to be filled out by the parents and/or people in charge of the care of the asthmatic pediatric patients. The 17 items that conform the questionnaire were obtained alter literature review, realization of focal groups the professional experience of the investigators and the realization of pilot studies. The face content and concurrent validity of the instrument was evaluated; we also determined the factor structure, test-retest reproducibility, and sensitivity to change of the questionnaire. We included 120 patients with average age of 4.5 %3.7 years the factor analysis demonstrated a probable structure of three factors that altogether explain 85% of the total variance of the results the face and content validity was based on the concept of a multi-disciplinary group of experts in the field the concurrent validity was demonstrated by the ability of the questionnaire to distinguish low from high knowledge parents. Test-retest reproducibility and sensitivity to change were demonstrated comparing scores of the questionnaire filled out ng scores of the questionnaire filled out in two different occasions. The questionnaire of knowledge of asthma developed in the study is a useful and reliable tool to quantify the basal level of asthma knowledge in parents of asthmatic children and to determine the effectiveness of an educative intervention destined to increase the knowledge and understanding of the disease

  7. Development and Validation of the Alzheimer’s Questionnaire (AQ)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malek-Ahmadi, Michael; Sabbagh, Marwan N.

    2015-01-01

    The Alzheimer’s Questionnaire (AQ) was developed to be brief and accurate informant-based assessment for primary care and geriatric physicians to use in screening for cognitive impairment. To date, several studies have been carried out and published establishing the diagnostic accuracy and psychometric validity of the AQ. This paper will provide a review of the studies that have been carried out to establish the AQ as a valid and accurate informant-based assessment of cognitive function.

  8. Development and Validation of the Infant Feeding Style Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Thompson, Amanda L.; Mendez, Michelle A.; Borja, Judith B.; Adair, Linda S.; Zimmer, Catherine R.; Bentley, Margaret E.

    2009-01-01

    This study describes and validates the Infant Feeding Style Questionnaire (IFSQ), a self-report instrument designed to measure feeding beliefs and behaviors among mothers of infants and young children. Categorical confirmatory factor analysis was used to estimate latent factors for five feeding styles, laissez-faire, restrictive, pressuring, responsive and indulgent, and to validate that items hypothesized a priori as measures of each style yielded well-fitting models. Models were tested and ...

  9. Structural and Convergent Validity of the Homework Performance Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pendergast, Laura L.; Watkins, Marley W.; Canivez, Gary L.

    2014-01-01

    Homework is a requirement for most school-age children, but research on the benefits and drawbacks of homework is limited by lack of psychometrically sound measurement of homework performance. This study examined the structural and convergent validity of scores from the newly developed Homework Performance Questionnaire -- Teacher Scale (HPQ-T).…

  10. Concurrent Validity of the Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Talisha; Cornell, Dewey

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the concurrent validity of the Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire (BVQ) in a convenience sample of 202 middle school students in central Virginia. This appears to be the first published study to compare BVQ reports of being bullied and of bullying others with independent criteria not subject to shared method variance.…

  11. Development and Validation of an Instructional Willingness to Communicate Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khatib, Mohammad; Nourzadeh, Saeed

    2015-01-01

    The current study was undertaken with the purpose of developing and validating a willingness to communicate (WTC) questionnaire for instructional language teaching and learning contexts. Six instructional WTC (IWTC) components were identified after (1) undertaking a comprehensive review of the literature on second language (L2) WTC and other…

  12. Drug Use Disorder (DUD) Questionnaire: Scale Development and Validation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherer, Michael; Furr-Holden, C. Debra; Voas, Robert B.

    2013-01-01

    Background: Despite the ample interest in the measurement of substance abuse and dependence, obtaining biological samples from participants as a means to validate a scale is considered time and cost intensive and is, subsequently, largely overlooked. Objectives: To report the psychometric properties of the drug use disorder (DUD) questionnaire

  13. The Groningen Radiotherapy-Induced Xerostomia questionnaire: Development and validation of a new questionnaire

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire (Groningen Radiotherapy-Induced Xerostomia (GRIX) questionnaire) that has the ability to distinguish between patient-rated xerostomia during day and night and can be used to evaluate the impact of emerging radiation delivery techniques aiming at prevention of xerostomia in more detail. Materials and methods: All questions in the GRIX were generated from an exhaustive list of relevant questions according to xerostomia as reported in the literature and reported by patients and health care providers. Finally the GRIX was reduced from 56 questions to a 14-item questionnaire, with four subscales; xerostomia during day and night and sticky saliva during day and night. 315 patients filled out 2936 questionnaires and the GRIX was evaluated by calculating Crohnbach's ? for all subscales. Criterion validity was evaluated to compare the GRIX with patient-rated xerostomia scored with the EORTC QLQ-HN35 and physician-rated xerostomia, test-retest analysis and responsiveness were also tested. Results: Crohnbach's ? varied for all subscales between 0.88 and 0.94. The GRIX scored well for criterion-related validity on all subscales with high correlations with the EORTC QLQ-HN35 xerostomia and sticky saliva scale as well with physician-rated toxicity scoring. No significant differences were found between test and retest score and the GRIX showed good responsiveness with different time points for all subscwith different time points for all subscales. Conclusion: The GRIX is a validated questionnaire which can be used in future research focusing on patient-rated xerostomia and sticky saliva during day and night in relation with the impact of emerging radiation delivery techniques aiming at reduction of xerostomia.

  14. [Cognitive interviewing - a tool to develop and validate questionnaires].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pohontsch, N; Meyer, T

    2015-02-01

    Questionnaires concerning subjective health status are an important element of rehabilitation research. The appraisal of the quality of these instruments mostly relies on quantitative psychometric analyses. However, these analyses do not explicitly reveal whether or how respondents understand questionnaire content. Over the past few years cognitive interviewing has been increasingly used in questionnaire design and validation. It serves to identify potentially problematic questions, ambiguities and difficulties which could lead to unintended answers. It analyses whether the answers given by respondents represent the intended meaning of the question. Findings derived from cognitive interviewing serve to improve new and further validate well-established questionnaires.The 4-stage model of the survey response process by Tourangeau provides a conceptual basis for cognitive interviewing. The 2 most prominent methods of cognitive interviewing are think aloud and verbal probing. Various authors give recommendations on executing cognitive interviews but almost no recommendations exist on the -indications of the different methods.Potential applications of cognitive interviewing go beyond questionnaire design and improvement. Due to its origin in cognitive science it can also be used to resolve substantive questions, e.?g. concerning reasons for discrepancies between the results of 2 different methods of measuring change. PMID:25675322

  15. Validation of a questionnaire measuring the regulation of autonomic function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthes H

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To broaden the range of outcomes that we can measure for patients undergoing treatment for oncological and other chronic conditions, we aimed to validate a questionnaire measuring self-reported autonomic regulation (aR, i.e. to characterise a subject's autonomic functioning by questions on sleeping and waking, vertigo, morningness-eveningness, thermoregulation, perspiration, bowel movements and digestion. Methods We administered the questionnaire to 440 participants (?: N = 316, ?: N = 124: 95 patients with breast cancer, 49 with colorectal cancer, 60 with diabetes mellitus, 39 with coronary heart disease, 28 with rheumatological conditions, 32 with Hashimoto's disease, 22 with multiple morbidities and 115 healthy people. We administered the questionnaire a second time to 50.2% of the participants. External convergence criteria included the German version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS-D, a short questionnaire on morningness-eveningness, the Herdecke Quality of Life Questionnaire (HLQ and a short version questionnaire on self-regulation. Results A principal component analysis yielded a three dimensional 18-item inventory of aR. The subscales orthostatic-circulatory, rest/activity and digestive regulation had internal consistency (Cronbach-?: r? = 0.65 – 0.75 and test-retest reliability (rrt = 0.70 – 85. AR was negatively associated with anxiety, depression, and dysmenorrhoea but positively correlated to HLQ, self-regulation and in part to morningness (except digestive aR (0.49 – 0.13, all p Conclusion An internal validation of the long-version scale of aR yielded consistent relationships with health versus illness, quality of life and personality. Further studies are required to clarify the issues of external validity, clinical and physiological relevance.

  16. Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version

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    Ay?egül KART

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Validity and Reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire-Turkish Version Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the validity and reliability of Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire -Turkish Version (ACQ. Method: ACQ was administered to 92 patients with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Reliability of ACQ was analyzed by test-retest correlation, split-half technique, Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Construct validity was evaluated by factor analysis after the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO and Bartlett test had been performed. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation used for factor analysis. Results: 64% of patients evaluated in the study were female and 36% were male. Age interval was between 18 and 58, mean age was 31.5±10.4. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.91. Analysis of test-retest evaluations revealed that there were statistically significant correlations ranging between 24% and 84% concerning questionnaire components. In analysis performed by split-half method reliability coefficients of half questionnaires were found as 0.77 and 0.91. Again Spearmen-Brown coefficient was found as 0.87 by the same analysis. To assess construct validity of ACQ, factor analysis was performed and two basic factors found. These two factors explained 57.6% of the total variance. (Factor 1: 34.6%, Factor 2: 23% Conclusion: Our findings support that ACQ-Turkish version had a satisfactory level of reliability and validity

  17. Development, validity and responsiveness of the Clinical COPD Questionnaire

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    ten Hacken Nick HT

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The new Global Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD guidelines advice to focus treatment in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD on improvement of functional state, prevention of disease progression and minimization of symptoms. So far no validated questionnaires are available to measure symptom and functional state in daily clinical practice. The aim of this study was to develop and validate the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ. Methods Qualitative research with patients and clinicians was performed to generate possible items to evaluate clinical COPD control. Thereafter, an item reduction questionnaire was sent to 77 international experts. Sixty-seven experts responded and the 10 most important items, divided into 3 domains (symptoms, functional and mental state were included in the CCQ (scale: 0 = best, 6 = worst. Results Cross-sectional data were collected from 119 subjects (57 COPD, GOLD stage I-III; 18 GOLD stage 0 and 44 (exsmokers. Cronbach's ? was high (0.91. The CCQ scores in patients (GOLD 0-III were significantly higher than in healthy (exsmokers. Furthermore, significant correlations were found between the CCQ total score and domains of the SF-36 (? = 0.48 to ? = 0.69 and the SGRQ (? = 0.67 to ? = 0.72. In patients with COPD, the correlation between the CCQ and FEV1%pred was ? =-0.49. Test-retest reliability was determined in 20 subjects in a 2-week interval (Intra Class Coefficient = 0.94. Thirty-six smokers with and without COPD showed significant improvement in the CCQ after 2 months smoking cessation, indicating the responsiveness of the CCQ. Conclusion The CCQ is a self-administered questionnaire specially developed to measure clinical control in patients with COPD. Data support the validity, reliability and responsiveness of this short and easy to administer questionnaire.

  18. THE SPORT IMAGERY QUESTIONNAIRE: A STUDY OF VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY

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    Muhammed Emin KAFKAS

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to adapt The Sport Imagery Questionnaire (Hall, Munroe-Chandler, Fishburne ve Hall, 2009 into Turkish and to examine its psychometric properties. The research was conducted on 208 female (38.2% and 337 male (61.8% volunteering students aged mostly between 12-16 studying at 1st and 2nd stage of primary schools affiliated to central district of Malatya province, Turkey. First the linguistic equivalence of the scale was tested, which is then followed by validity and reliability studies. Internal consistency coefficients varied between .66-.87 and test-retest reliability coefficients varied between .60-.86. Corrected item-total correlations ranged from .60 to .85. Based on these results the Sport Imagery Questionnaire can be used as a valid and reliable instrument.

  19. Validation of the Humor Style Questionnaire with university students

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    Mónica Cassaretto B.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This study validates the Humor Style Questionnaire in a group of 315 university students of both genders from Lima, Peru, with an average age of 19,7. The Humor Style Questionnaire (HSQ by Martin, Puhlik-Doris, Larsen, Gray & Weir (2003, the Psychological Well-Being Scale (BIEPS-A by Casullo (2002 and the Hope Scale by Herth (1991 were used. After the neutralization of four items, results show reliability coefficients between 0,64 to 0,78 and a factorial structure confirming the existence of four factors (42,94% of the total variance.Results show positive associations between psychological well-being and hope with affiliation and self-enhancing styles, and negative associations between aggression and self-defeating humor. Results support the convergence validity and the construct of the scale.

  20. Validation of the Clinical COPD Questionnaire (CCQ in primary care

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    Ehrs Per-Olof

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Patient centred outcomes, such as health status, are important in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD. Extensive questionnaires on health status have good measurement properties, but are not suitable for use in primary care. The newly developed, short Clinical COPD Questionnaire, CCQ, was therefore validated against the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ. Methods 111 patients diagnosed by general practitioners as having COPD completed the questionnaires twice, 2–3 months apart, without systematic changes in treatment. Within this sample of patients with "clinical COPD" a subgroup of patients with spirometry verified COPD was identified. All analyses was performed on both groups. Results The mean FEV1 (% predicted was 58.1% for all patients with clinical COPD and 52.4% in the group with verified COPD (n = 83. Overall correlations between SGRQ and CCQ were strong for all patients with clinical COPD (0.84 and the verified COPD subgroup (0.82. The concordance intra-class correlation between SGRQ and CCQ was 0.91 (p Conclusion The CCQ is a valid and reliable instrument for assessments of health status on the group level in patients treated for COPD in primary care but its reliability may not be sufficient for the monitoring of individual patients.

  1. Reliability and Validity of the Neurorehabilitation Experience Questionnaire for Inpatients

    OpenAIRE

    Kneebone, Ii; Hull, Sl; Mcgurk, R.; Cropley, M.

    2012-01-01

    Background. Patient-centered measures of the inpatient neurorehabilitation experience are needed to assess services. Objective. The objective of this study was to develop a valid and reliable Neurorehabilitation Experience Questionnaire (NREQ) to assess whether neurorehabilitation inpatients experience service elements important to them. Methods. Based on the themes established in prior qualitative research, adopting questions from established inventories and using a literature review, a draf...

  2. The Beverage Intake Questionnaire: Initial Validity and Reliability

    OpenAIRE

    Hedrick, Valisa E.; Comber, Dana L.; Estabrooks, Paul A.; Savla, Jyoti; Davy, Brenda M

    2010-01-01

    Consumption of energy-containing beverages may lead to weight gain, yet research investigating this issue is limited. An easily-administered beverage intake assessment tool could facilitate research on this topic. The purpose of this cross-sectional investigation was to determine the validity and reliability of a self-administered beverage intake questionnaire (BEVQ), which estimates mean daily intake of beverages consumed (g, kcals) across 19 beverage categories. Participants (n=105; aged 39...

  3. Reliability and validity of television food advertising questionnaire in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zalma, Abdul Razak; Safiah, Md Yusof; Ajau, Danis; Khairil Anuar, Md Isa

    2013-10-22

    Interventions to counter the influence of television food advertising amongst children are important. Thus, reliable and valid instrument to assess its effect is needed. The objective of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of such a questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered twice on 32 primary schoolchildren aged 10-11 years in Selangor, Malaysia. The interval between the first and second administration was 2 weeks. Test-retest method was used to examine the reliability of the questionnaire. Intra-rater reliability was determined by kappa coefficient and internal consistency by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Construct validity was evaluated using factor analysis. The test-retest correlation showed moderate-to-high reliability for all scores (r = 0.40*, p = 0.02 to r = 0.95**, p = 0.00), with one exception, consumption of fast foods (r = 0.24, p = 0.20). Kappa coefficient showed acceptable-to-strong intra-rater reliability (K = 0.40-0.92), except for two items under knowledge on television food advertising (K = 0.26 and K = 0.21) and one item under preference for healthier foods (K = 0.33). Cronbach's alpha coefficient indicated acceptable internal consistency for all scores (0.45-0.60). After deleting two items under Consumption of Commonly Advertised Food, the items showed moderate-to-high loading (0.52, 0.84, 0.42 and 0.42) with the Scree plot showing that there was only one factor. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin was 0.60, showing that the sample was adequate for factor analysis. The questionnaire on television food advertising is reliable and valid to assess the effect of media literacy education on television food advertising on schoolchildren. PMID:24150531

  4. Validation of the Adolescent Meta-cognition Questionnaire Version

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    Kazem Khoramdel

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: The role and importance of meta-cognitive beliefs in creating and retaining of anxiety disorders were explained initially in meta-cognitive theory. The purpose of this study was to validate the Meta-cognitions Questionnaire-Adolescent version (MCQ-A in normal Iranian people and compare of meta-cognitive beliefs between adolescents with anxiety disorders and normal individuals.Materials and Method: This was a standardized study. First of all, the original version was translated into Persian then administered to 204 (101 boys and 103 girls adolescent aged 13 through 17 years. Theyhave been clustered randomly. They were selected from the schools of Isfahan, together with mood and feelings questionnaire and revised children's manifest anxiety scale. In order to assess reliability, method of internal consistency (Chronbach’s alpha and split-half coefficient was used, and also in order to assess validity, convergent validity, criterion validity and confirmatory factor analysis were used. Results: The results of correlation coefficient of convergent validity showed a relation between total score of (MCQ-A and its components with anxiety and depression except cognitive self-consciousness. Data were indicative of appropriate level of Coranbach’s alpha and split-half reliability coefficients of the MCQ-A and extracted factors. The results of factor analysis by principle components analysis and using varimax rotation showed 5 factors that account for 0.45% of the variance. Conclusion: MCQ-A has satisfactory psychometric properties in Iranian people

  5. The Perceived Leadership Communication Questionnaire (PLCQ): Development and Validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Frank M; Maier, Michaela; Lovrekovic, Sara; Retzbach, Andrea

    2015-02-17

    ABSTRACT The Perceived Leadership Communication Questionnaire (PLCQ) is a short, reliable, and valid instrument for measuring leadership communication from both perspectives of the leader and the follower. Drawing on a communication-based approach to leadership and following a theoretical framework of interpersonal communication processes in organizations, this article describes the development and validation of a one-dimensional 6-item scale in four studies (total N = 604). Results from Study 1 and 2 provide evidence for the internal consistency and factorial validity of the PLCQ's self-rating version (PLCQ-SR)-a version for measuring how leaders perceive their own communication with their followers. Results from Study 3 and 4 show internal consistency, construct validity, and criterion validity of the PLCQ's other-rating version (PLCQ-OR)-a version for measuring how followers perceive the communication of their leaders. Cronbach's ? had an average of.80 over the four studies. All confirmatory factor analyses yielded good to excellent model fit indices. Convergent validity was established by average positive correlations of.69 with subdimensions of transformational leadership and leader-member exchange scales. Furthermore, nonsignificant correlations with socially desirable responding indicated discriminant validity. Last, criterion validity was supported by a moderately positive correlation with job satisfaction (r =.31). PMID:25511204

  6. Content validity and reliability of the Copenhagen social relations questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Rikke; Nielsen, Lene Snabe

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present article is to describe the face and content validity as well as reliability of the Copenhagen Social Relations Questionnaire (CSRQ). METHOD: The face and content validity test was based on focus group discussions and individual interviews with 31 informants. Another 94 men and women participated in an 8-day test-retest analysis. RESULTS: Informants generally expressed that the questions and response categories were relevant and easy to understand. Themes on structure of social relations, social support, and negative aspects of social relations emerged clearly from the interviews. Two additional themes not covered by CSRQ on dynamics and reciprocity of social relations were identified. DISCUSSION: CSRQ holds satisfactory face and content validity as well as reliability, and is suitable for measuring structure and function of social relations including the negative aspects among middle-aged individuals.

  7. Polish adaptation and validation of the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire and the Body Sensations Questionnaire

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    Micha?owski, Jaros?aw M.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The present study aimed at the adaptation and validation of two questionnaires assessing fear of bodily sensations (BSQ; suggested Polish name: Kwestionariusz Dozna? Cielesnych [KDC] and concerns specific to agoraphobics (ACQ; suggested Polish name: Kwestionariusz My?li Towarzysz?cych Agorafobii [KMTA].Method. The study included a total of 82 patients diagnosed with agoraphobia or panic disorder with agoraphobia according to the diagnostic criteria of the DSM-IV as well as 100 control subjects who did not show the presence of mental disorders.Results. The results showed that both adapted questionnaires meet basic psychometric criteria. The Polish-language versions of the ACQ and BSQ are characterized by a high content validity, internal consistency and showed to be stable over a period of 28 days. Moreover, the factor structure of the Polish version of the ACQ showed to be highly similar to the original version.Conclusions Polish-language versions of the ACQ and BSQ have been found to be reliable and valid research and diagnostic instruments for the assessment of fear for bodily sensations and agoraphobic cognitions. Due to their high efficiency and adequate psychometric characteristics these measures might be very useful in research as well as in the diagnosis and evaluation of therapeutic effects.

  8. A validity study of the SSP-School Inclusion Questionnaire

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    DIANA D?MEAN

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper is based on the results of a research that aimed to identify the factors influencing school inclusion among disadvantagedstudents. The main outcome of the research was the development of the SSP-School Inclusion Questionnaire, intended to: (1measure school inclusion levels among students; (2 identify students with significantly lower levels of school inclusion, whoneed to be included in intervention programs; and (3 measure the impact of intervention programs using subjective indicators(beneficiaries’ perception of school and teachers, feelings of safety in school, school performance. The questionnaire was completedby 480 vocational school students aged 15-19 from a large developed urban area (Cluj-Napoca in Romania. The purpose of theresearch was to test the validity and reliability of the instrument and to propose it to professionals working in education (schoolpsychologists, school counsellors etc. for efficient data collection and for measuring the impact of educational intervention.

  9. Brazilian Portuguese Validated Version of the Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sardinha, Aline, E-mail: alinesardinhapsi@gmail.com; Nardi, Antonio Egidio [Laboratório de Pânico e Respiração do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psiquiatria e Saúde Mental do Instituto de Psiquiatria da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia - Translational Medicine (INCT-TM, CNPq), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Araújo, Claudio Gil Soares de [Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências do Exercício e do Esporte da Universidade Gama Filho, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); CLINIMEX - Clínica de Medicina do Exercício, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Ferreira, Maria Cristina [Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia da Universidade Salgado de Oliveira, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Eifert, Georg H. [Schmid College of Science and Technology Psychology, Crean School of Health and Life Sciences -Chapman University (United States)

    2013-12-15

    Cardiac Anxiety (CA) is the fear of cardiac sensations, characterized by recurrent anxiety symptoms, in patients with or without cardiovascular disease. The Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire (CAQ) is a tool to assess CA, already adapted but not validated to Portuguese. This paper presents the three phases of the validation studies of the Brazilian CAQ. To extract the factor structure and assess the reliability of the CAQ (phase 1), 98 patients with coronary artery disease were recruited. The aim of phase 2 was to explore the convergent and divergent validity. Fifty-six patients completed the CAQ, along with the Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ) and the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN). To determine the discriminative validity (phase 3), we compared the CAQ scores of two subgroups formed with patients from phase 1 (n = 98), according to the diagnoses of panic disorder and agoraphobia, obtained with the MINI - Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. A 2-factor solution was the most interpretable (46.4% of the variance). Subscales were named 'Fear and Hypervigilance' (n = 9; alpha = 0.88), and 'Avoidance', (n = 5; alpha = 0.82). Significant correlation was found between factor 1 and the BSQ total score (p < 0.01), but not with factor 2. SPIN factors showed significant correlations with CAQ subscales (p < 0.01). In phase 3, 'Cardiac with panic' patients scored significantly higher in CAQ factor 1 (t = -3.42; p < 0.01, CI = -1.02 to -0.27), and higher, but not significantly different, in factor 2 (t = -1.98; p = 0.51, CI = -0.87 to 0.00). These results provide a definite Brazilian validated version of the CAQ, adequate to clinical and research settings.

  10. Brazilian Portuguese Validated Version of the Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cardiac Anxiety (CA) is the fear of cardiac sensations, characterized by recurrent anxiety symptoms, in patients with or without cardiovascular disease. The Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire (CAQ) is a tool to assess CA, already adapted but not validated to Portuguese. This paper presents the three phases of the validation studies of the Brazilian CAQ. To extract the factor structure and assess the reliability of the CAQ (phase 1), 98 patients with coronary artery disease were recruited. The aim of phase 2 was to explore the convergent and divergent validity. Fifty-six patients completed the CAQ, along with the Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ) and the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN). To determine the discriminative validity (phase 3), we compared the CAQ scores of two subgroups formed with patients from phase 1 (n = 98), according to the diagnoses of panic disorder and agoraphobia, obtained with the MINI - Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. A 2-factor solution was the most interpretable (46.4% of the variance). Subscales were named 'Fear and Hypervigilance' (n = 9; alpha = 0.88), and 'Avoidance', (n = 5; alpha = 0.82). Significant correlation was found between factor 1 and the BSQ total score (p < 0.01), but not with factor 2. SPIN factors showed significant correlations with CAQ subscales (p < 0.01). In phase 3, 'Cardiac with panic' patients scored significantly higher in CAQ factor 1 (t = -3.42; p < 0.01, CI = -1.02 to -0.27), and higher, but not significantly different, in factor 2 (t = -1.98; p = 0.51, CI = -0.87 to 0.00). These results provide a definite Brazilian validated version of the CAQ, adequate to clinical and research settings

  11. THE SPORT IMAGERY QUESTIONNAIRE: A STUDY OF VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY

    OpenAIRE

    Kafkas, Muhammed Emin

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this research is to adapt The Sport Imagery Questionnaire (Hall, Munroe-Chandler, Fishburne ve Hall, 2009) into Turkish and to examine its psychometric properties. The research was conducted on 208 female (38.2%) and 337 male (61.8%) volunteering students aged mostly between 12-16 studying at 1st and 2nd stage of primary schools affiliated to central district of Malatya province, Turkey. First the linguistic equivalence of the scale was tested, which is then followed by validity an...

  12. Translation, Validity, and Reliability of a Persian Version of the Iowa Tinnitus Handicap Questionnaire

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    Homa Arian Nahad

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Tinnitus is a common otologic symptom that can seriously affect a patient’s quality of life. The purpose of the present study was to translate and validate the Iowa Tinnitus Handicap Questionnaire (THQ into the Persian language, and to make it applicable as a tool for determining the effects of tinnitus on a patient’s life.   Materials and Methods: The main version of the THQ was translated into the Persian language. The agreed Persian version was administered to 150 tinnitus patients. The validity of the Persian THQ was evaluated and internal reliability was confirmed using Cronbach’s ?-coefficient. Finally, the effect of independent variables such as age, mean patient threshold, gender, and duration of tinnitus were considered in order to determine the psychometric properties of tinnitus.   Results: After an exact translation process, the Persian THQ was found to exhibit face validity. In terms of content validity, the Content Validity Ratio (CVR reached 100% in all but two questions. Further, in structural validity measurements, intermediate correlation with annoyance from tinnitus (r= 0.49, low correlation with duration of tinnitus (r = 0.34 and high correlation with the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI questionnaire (r = 0.84 were demonstrated. Additionally, a negligible effect of gender and age was noted on degree of tinnitus handicap (P = 0.754 andP= 0.573, respectively. In the internal reliability assessment for Factors 1, 2, 3, and the whole questionnaire, Cronbach`s ?-coefficient was 0.95, 0.92, 0.25 and 0.88, respectively.   Conclusion:  The Persian version of the Iowa THQ demonstrates high validity and reliability and can be used for the determination of tinnitus handicap and for following-up in the intervention process in Persian tinnitus patients.

  13. Validation of the chronic liver disease questionnaire in Serbian patients

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    Dusan Dj Popovic

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To translate into Serbian and to investigate the validity of the cross-culturally adapted the chronic liver disease questionnaire (CLDQ. METHODS: The questionnaire was validated in 103 consecutive CLD patients treated between October 2009 and October 2010 at the Clinic for Gastroenterology, Clinical Centre of Serbia, Belgrade (Serbia. Exclusion criteria were: age 2 ??and liver transplantation. Evaluation of the CLDQ was done based on the following parameters: (1 acceptance is shown by the proportion of missing items; (2 internal reliabilities were assessed for multiple item scales by using Cronbach alpha coefficient; and (3 in order to assess whether the allocation of items in the domain corresponds to their distribution in the original questionnaire (construction validity, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted. Discriminatory validity was determined by comparing the corresponding CLDQ score/sub-score in patients with different severity of the diseases. RESULTS: The Serbian version of CLDQ questionnaire completed 98% patients. Proportion of missing items was 0.06%. The total time needed to fill the questionnaire was ranged from 8 to 15 min. Assistance in completing the questionnaire required 4.8% patients, while 2.9% needed help in reading, and 1.9% involved writing assistance. The mean age of the selected patients was 53.8 ± 12.9 years and 54.4% were men. Average CLDQ score was 4.62 ± 1.11. Cronbach’s alpha for the whole scale was 0.93. Reliability for all domains was above 0.70, except for the domain “Activity” (0.49. The exploratory factor analysis model revealed 6 factors with eigenvalue of greater than 1, explaining 69.7% of cumulative variance. The majority of the items (66% in the Serbian version of the CLDQ presented the highest loading weight in the domain assigned by the CLDQ developers: “Fatigue” (5/5, “Emotional function” (6/8, “Worry” (5/5, “Abdominal symptoms” (0/3, “Activity” (0/3, “Systemic symptoms” (3/5. The scales “Fatigue” and “Worry” fully corresponded to the original. The factor analysis also revealed that the factors “Activity” and “Abdominal symptoms” could not be replicated, and two new domains “Sleep” and “Nutrition” were established. Analysis of the CLDQ score/sub-score distribution according to disease severity demonstrated that patients without cirrhosis had lower total CLDQ score (4.86 ± 1.05 than those with cirrhosis Child’s C (4.31 ± 0.97. Statistically significant difference was detected for the domains “Abdominal symptoms” [F (3 = 5.818, P = 0.001] and “Fatigue” [F (3 = 3.39, P = 0.021]. Post hoc analysis revealed that patients with liver cirrhosis Child’s C had significantly lower sub-score “Abdominal symptoms” than patients without cirrhosis or liver cirrhosis Child’s A or B. For domain “Fatigue”, patients with cirrhosis Child’s C had significantly lower score, than non-cirrhotic patients. CONCLUSION: The Serbian version of CLDQ is well accepted and represents a valid and reliable instrument in Serbian sample of CLD patients.

  14. Validation of VARK learning modalities questionnaire using Rasch analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitkov-Norris, E. D.; Yeghiazarian, A.

    2015-02-01

    This article discusses the application of Rasch analysis to assess the internal validity of a four sub-scale VARK (Visual, Auditory, Read/Write and Kinaesthetic) learning styles instrument. The results from the analysis show that the Rasch model fits the majority of the VARK questionnaire data and the sample data support the internal validity of the four sub-constructs at 1% level of significance for all but one item. While this suggests that the instrument could potentially be used as a predictor for a person's learning preference orientation, further analysis is necessary to confirm the invariability of the instrument across different user groups across factors such as gender, age, educational and cultural background.

  15. Validity of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire in the Arctic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahl-Petersen, Inger Katrine; Hansen, Andreas Wolf

    2013-01-01

    PURPOSE: Information about physical activity (PA) in Greenland is limited, partly due to a lack of validated instruments in countries with non-western living conditions. We modified the long form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-L) to arctic living conditions. The aim of the study was to compare IPAQ-L-estimates with combined accelerometry and heart rate monitoring (ACC+HR) in a population-based study of adult Inuit in Greenland. METHODS: Cross-sectional data collected by face-to-face interview and ACC+HR monitoring among Inuit (18+years) in Greenland during 2005-2010 (n=1508). Physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) and time spent sedentary and on PA at moderate and vigorous intensity were derived from IPAQ-L and ACC+HR. Estimates were compared using Bland-Altman agreement analysis and Spearman correlations stratified by sex, place of residence (capital, towns, and villages) and age groups. RESULTS: Questionnaire-based PAEE was moderately correlated with objectively measured PAEE (r=0.20-0.35, P1.5hrs/day, p

  16. Validation of the University of California San Francisco Oral Cancer Pain Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    KOLOKYTHAS, Antonia; Connelly, S. Thaddeus; Schmidt, Brian L

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper was to validate the published UCSF Oral Cancer Pain Questionnaire. To test for validity of the questionnaire 16 oral cancer patients completed the 8-item questionnaire immediately prior to and following treatment (surgical resection) of their oral cancer. For all 8 questions the difference between mean preoperative and mean postoperative responses were statistically significant (p

  17. Development and validation of IMAQ: Integrative Medicine Attitude Questionnaire

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    Meek Paula M

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Complementary/alternative medicine and integrative medicine (CAM/IM are increasingly used in the U.S. We set out to develop and validate a brief questionnaire measuring health care provider and medical student attitudes regarding these approaches to healthcare. Methods IMAQ is a 29-item, 7-point Likert scale rated instrument, developed from focus groups consisting of faculty, fellows, visiting residents, and medical students at a university based integrative medicine program. Respondents included 111 (of 574 contacted internal medicine physicians on an academic medical center CME list and 85 healthcare providers (mostly physicians attending an American Holistic Medical Association Annual Conference (296 attending. Cohorts were selected for expected differences in attitudes toward CAM/IM. Results Factor analysis demonstrated that a 2 factor solution best explained the variance in responses (38%. Factor 1 ("openness to new ideas and paradigms" explained 26% of variance with loadings ranging from 0.79 to 0.3, with factor 2 ("value of both introspection and relationship to patient" contributing an additional 12% of the explained variance with loadings ranging from 0.69 to 0.42. Both factors demonstrated adequate reliability. Factor 1 had a Cronbach's alpha of 0.91, while factor 2 was 0.72. As expected, AHMA conference attendees scored higher (F = 120.00, p 0.05. Conclusions Analysis of the IMAQ provided evidence of its reliability and validity in measuring attitudes toward CAM/IM, specifically openness to new ideas and paradigms, and the value of relationship to self and patient. Initial findings support use of the IMAQ in measuring attitudes of students and practitioners towards CAM/IM interventions as a first step in understanding willingness to use these approaches to healing. It is our desire that this preliminary instrument will continue to be refined as the field of CAM/IM matures.

  18. Validation of two food frequency questionnaires for dietary calcium assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea, Hacker-thompson; Robertson, Trina P.; Sellmeyer, Deborah E.

    2009-01-01

    Easily utilized questionnaires estimating dietary calcium intake would be a valuable asset to promoting skeletal health and a helpful research tool. Two calcium questionnaires, one online and one printed, were each compared to dietary calcium intake measured by a three-day diet record. Women completed the questionnaires in a randomized order and kept a 3-day food record at home, returning it by mail. The ethnicity of the 140 study participants was 102 Caucasian, 12 African American, 16 Asian,...

  19. Validity of two common asthma-specific quality of life questionnaires: Juniper mini asthma quality of life questionnaire and Sydney asthma quality of life questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Apfelbacher Christian; Jones Christina; Hankins Matthew; Smith Helen

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background This study explored the psychometric properties (internal consistency, construct validity, discriminative ability) of the Juniper Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (Mini AQLQ-J) and the Sydney Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ-S). Methods One hundred fourty-six adults (18–45?years) with asthma requiring regular inhaled corticosteroids were recruited to a trial of written emotional disclosure. Correlational analyses were performed to understand the rela...

  20. Validity of the Italian version of Khalfa's Questionnaire on hyperacusis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fioretti, A; Tortorella, F; Masedu, F; Valenti, M; Fusetti, M; Pavaci, S

    2015-04-01

    The present study aims to evaluate and validate the Italian version of Khalfa's questionnaire on hyperacusis (HQ). We recruited 117 patients (64 men, 53 women, mean age 53 years, range 14-88) with tinnitus for at least 3 months as a primary disorder. All patients completed the THI and the Italian version of the HQ and underwent audiometry, pitch and loudness tinnitus matching, otoacoustic emissions with distortion products (DPOAE) and uncomfortable loudness level (ULL). The overall performance of the tests was evaluated and compared using the area under the RO C curve (AUC) relative to the tests. The cut-off of the HQ was calculated. We also assessed the Cronbach's alpha (?C) for the HQ and its three major dimensions (attentional - ?C1, emotional - ?C2 and social - ?C3). Statistical analysis showed no correlation between DPOAE, audiometry, ULL and gender. We observed a high correlation (p sensitivity = 67.9% and specificity = 72.2%). The reliability of HQ was confirmed by a high ?C = 0.89. The ?C for the single dimensional scales were, respectively, ?C1 = 0.73, ?C2 = 0.72 and ?C3 = 0.81. The Italian version of the HQ is recommended for proper and complete classification of patients with tinnitus and hyperacusis. From our study, we found a cut-off of 16 instead of the cut-off of 28 described as very high by other authors. Moreover, ULL was an important variable and can be discriminating in the evaluation of hyperacusis. PMID:26019395

  1. PERSYVE - Design and validation of a questionnaire about adverse effects of antihypertensive drugs

    OpenAIRE

    Duarte-Silva D,; Figueiras A,; Herdeiro MT,; Teixeira Rodrigues A; Silva Branco F,; Polónia J; Iv, Figueiredo

    2014-01-01

    Objective: The aim of this study was to design and validate a questionnaire to measure perceived symptoms associated with antihypertensive drugs (PERSYVE). Methods: The PERSYVE development and validation included four stages: 1) item development (bibliographic review and questionnaire elaboration); 2) face and content validation; 3) field testing (pre-test); and 4) test-retest validation, assessment of internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha) and reproducibility over time (intraclass corr...

  2. Development and Initial Validation of the Environmental Restriction Questionnaire (ERQ)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenberg, Limor; Ratzon, Nava Z.; Jarus, Tal; Bart, Orit

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this manuscript was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Environmental Restriction Questionnaire (ERQ) a parent-reported questionnaire for measuring perceived environmental restrictions for young children participation. Reliability and homogeneity were tested by Cronbach's alpha and inter-item correlations.…

  3. Validation of the EuroQol questionnaire in cardiac rehabilitation

    OpenAIRE

    Schweikert, B.; Hahmann, H.; Leidl, Reiner

    2005-01-01

    Objective: To analyse the psychometric properties of the EuroQol questionnaire (EQ-5D) applied to patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS).Setting: Rehabilitation hospital.Patients and design: 106 consecutive patients with ACS (51% myocardial infarction, 42% coronary artery bypass grafting, 7% angina) completed the EQ-5D, the 36 item short form health survey (SF-36), and the MacNew questionnaire at admission, at discharge, and three months after inpatient cardiac rehabilitation. Acceptanc...

  4. Development and validation of a lifetime exposure questionnaire for use among Chinese populations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, ShengHui; Ho, Suzanne C; Lam, Tsz-ping; Woo, Jean; Yuen, P Y; Qin, Ling; Ku, Susanna

    2013-01-01

    The sunlight exposure questionnaire for use in the Chinese population was constructed based on extensive literature review and item suitability for measuring life-time exposure. The content validity index (CVI) was derived from ratings by, an expert panel to assess the item content and relevance. 650 population-based Chinese women completed the sunlight exposure questionnaire through telephone interview. To assess the questionnaire reliability, 94 women were re-interviewed after 2 weeks. 98.4% of the sunlight exposure questionnaire items were found to have valid CVI (>0.83). The Scree plot and the Principal Components Factor Analysis showed a two-factor construct was appropriate and no questionnaire item needed to be excluded. The questionnaire also had a good test-retest reliability (ICC: 0.59-0.93; k: 0.51-100). This sunlight exposure questionnaire was found to be adequate for measurement of life-time sunlight exposure among Hong Kong Chinese women. PMID:24077356

  5. Development and validation of an inventory to assess conflict in sport teams: the Group Conflict Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paradis, Kyle; Carron, Albert; Martin, Luc

    2014-12-01

    Abstract The purpose of the study was to develop and validate a conceptually and psychometrically sound conflict questionnaire for sport. The development process involved 3 phases: (a) a qualitative phase, (b) a content and factorial validity phase and (c) a construct validity phase. A total of 50 items were generated and sent to 6 experts to determine content validity. Through this process, 25 items were retained and administered to a sample of athletes (n = 437) to determine factorial validity. Based on these results, a second sample (n = 305) was administered the 14-item version of the Group Conflict Questionnaire along with the Group Environment Questionnaire, the Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire and the Passion Scale to test convergent, discriminant and known-group difference validity. Cross-validation from both samples via confirmatory factor analysis yielded moderate-to-acceptable model fit, thus supporting factorial validity for the 14-item version. Additionally, initial support for convergent validity and known-group difference validity and partial support for discriminant validity were found. A sport-specific conflict questionnaire is now available for researchers to utilise. Results and research implications are discussed. PMID:25358085

  6. Validation of the Marijuana Effect Expectancy Questionnaire-Brief

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrealday, O.; Stein, L. A. R.; Barnett, N.; Golembeske, C.; Lebeau, R.; Colby, S. M.; Monti, P. M.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate a brief version of the Marijuana Effect Expectancy Questionnaire (MEEQ; Schafer & Brown, 1991). The original MEEQ was reduced to 6 items (MEEQ-B). Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed and two factors were identified (positive effects and negative effects) accounting for 52.3% of the variance.…

  7. Validation of the Marijuana Effect Expectancy Questionnaire-Brief

    OpenAIRE

    Torrealday, O.; Stein, L. A. R.; Barnett, N.; Golembeske, C.; Lebeau, R.; Colby, S. M.; Monti, P. M.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate a brief version of the Marijuana Effect Expectancy Questionnaire (MEEQ; Schafer & Brown, 1991). The original MEEQ was reduced to 6 items (MEEQ-B). Principal component analysis (PCA) was performed and two factors were identified (positive effects and negative effects) accounting for 52.3% of the variance. Internal consistencies (0.42 to 0.60) were slightly lower than those of the original MEEQ. The negative effect expectancy scale correlated with crite...

  8. A validity study of the SSP-School Inclusion Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    DIANA D?MEAN

    2012-01-01

    The paper is based on the results of a research that aimed to identify the factors influencing school inclusion among disadvantagedstudents. The main outcome of the research was the development of the SSP-School Inclusion Questionnaire, intended to: (1)measure school inclusion levels among students; (2) identify students with significantly lower levels of school inclusion, whoneed to be included in intervention programs; and (3) measure the impact of intervention programs using subjective ind...

  9. Agreement, reliability and validity in 3 shoulder questionnaires in patients with rotator cuff disease

    OpenAIRE

    Juel Niels G; Keller Anne; Tveitå Einar K; Bautz-Holter Erik; Ekeberg Ole M; Brox Jens I

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background Self-report questionnaires play an important role as outcome measures in shoulder research. Having an estimate of the measurement error of these questionnaires is of importance when assessing follow-up results after treatment and when planning intervention studies. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt the Norwegian version of the OSS and WORC questionnaire and examine and compare agreement, reliability and construct validity of the disease-specific shoulder ...

  10. The development and validation of the communicating-for-change questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Roodt, G.; Fourie, L.; Coetzee, C. J. H.

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire that measures the effectiveness of communication during organisational change interventions. A draft questionnaire was completed by a sample of convenience comprising 521 participants. The questionnaire contained 109 items in question format with a Likert-type response scale anchored at the extreme ends. The data was factor analysed and an iterative item analysis was executed. The results yielded a single scale with a Cronbach ...

  11. Validation in London of a physical activity questionnaire for use in a study of postmenopausal osteopaenia.

    OpenAIRE

    Suleiman, S.; Nelson, M.

    1997-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity of a self administered physical activity questionnaire to be used as part of a screening device for postmenopausal osteopaenia (with additional questions on medical history and calcium intake). DESIGN: A questionnaire was posted to 86 perimenopausal women to enquire about weekly hours spent in non-sedentary activity at work, in the household, and during leisure hours. Subjects who returned the questionnaire were visited at home and asked to complete ...

  12. A time to pregnancy questionnaire designed for long term recall: validity in Oxford, England.

    OpenAIRE

    Joffe, M.; Villard, L.; Li, Z.; Plowman, R.; Vessey, M.

    1995-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE--To establish the degree of validity of data on time to pregnancy, derived retrospectively using a short questionnaire. DESIGN--Information from the questionnaire was compared with data that had been collected concurrently from the same individuals. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS--Questionnaires were mailed to 1647 women who continue to be followed up by the Oxford Family Planning Association contraceptive study, and a further 424 were approached for personal interview. Response rat...

  13. Validating the SF-36 health survey questionnaire: new outcome measure for primary care.

    OpenAIRE

    Brazier, J. E.; Harper, R.; Jones, N. M.; O Cathain, A.; Thomas, K. J.; Usherwood, T.; Westlake, L.

    1992-01-01

    OBJECTIVES--To test the acceptability, validity, and reliability of the short form 36 health survey questionnaire (SF-36) and to compare it with the Nottingham health profile. DESIGN--Postal survey using a questionnaire booklet together with a letter from the general practitioner. Non-respondents received two reminders at two week intervals. The SF-36 questionnaire was retested on a subsample of respondents two weeks after the first mailing. SETTING--Two general practices in Sheffield. PATIEN...

  14. Validation of the Greek Translation of the Nursing Dimensions Inventory questionnaire (NDI-35)

    OpenAIRE

    Evagelia Kotrotsiou; Mary Gouva; Stiliani Kotrotsiou; Maria Malliarou; Theodosios Paralikas

    2014-01-01

    Context: The concept of care is a fundamental issue in nursing science. Therefore the development and the use of tools for assessing care is an imperative for the nursing profession. The NDI-35 questionnaire is one such tool for assessing the nursing care. Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to adapt and use the NDI-35 questionnaire in Greek nursing practice. A translation and validation of NDI-35 questionnaire is performed. Methods: Exploratory factor analyses, as well as internal consi...

  15. Development and validation of a lifetime exposure questionnaire for use among Chinese populations

    OpenAIRE

    ShengHui Wu; Ho, Suzanne C.; Tsz-ping Lam; Jean Woo; Yuen, P. Y.; Ling Qin; Susanna Ku

    2013-01-01

    The sunlight exposure questionnaire for use in the Chinese population was constructed based on extensive literature review and item suitability for measuring life-time exposure. The content validity index (CVI) was derived from ratings by, an expert panel to assess the item content and relevance. 650 population-based Chinese women completed the sunlight exposure questionnaire through telephone interview. To assess the questionnaire reliability, 94 women were re-interviewed after 2 weeks. 98.4...

  16. Evaluation of a Validated Food Frequency Questionnaire for Self-Defined Vegans in the United States

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia Dyett; Sujatha Rajaram; Haddad, Ella H; Joan Sabate

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to develop and validate a de novo food frequency questionnaire for self-defined vegans in the United States. Diet histories from pilot samples of vegans and a modified ‘Block Method’ using seven selected nutrients of concern in vegan diet patterns, were employed to generate the questionnaire food list. Food frequency responses of 100 vegans from 19 different U.S. states were obtained via completed mailed questionnaires and compared to multiple telephone-conducted diet rec...

  17. International Physical Activity Questionnaire: validation and assessment in an Italian sample

    OpenAIRE

    Alice Mannocci; Domitilla Di Thiene; Angela Del Cimmuto; Daniele Masala; Antonio Boccia; Elisabetta De Vito; Giuseppe La Torre

    2010-01-01

    Background: A standardized method for the assessment of physical activity, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), was developed in the late 1990s as instrument for cross-national assessment. This study aims to evaluate the reliability and validity of the IPAQ short and long version questionnaire in a Italian sample.

    Methods: The long and short versions of IPAQ questionnaires were administer...

  18. Validation of the Persian Version of the 40-item Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Assessment Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Hosein Shamshiri; Mohammad Reza Eshraghian; Nastaran Ameli; Shahriar Nafissi

    2013-01-01

    Background: As a disease of motor nervous system (motor neuron disease), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has a great impact on several aspects of quality of life (QoL). Generic questionnaires of QoL do not address all the especial features of ALS and therefore translation and validation of disease specific questionnaires such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Assessment Questionnaire 40-item (ALSAQ-40) is necessary for assessment of patients with different languages. The aim of this study ...

  19. Methodological Validation of Quality of Life Questionnaire for Coal Mining Groups-Indian Scenario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, Sayanti; Sen, Goutam; Tewary, B. K.

    2012-01-01

    Maslow's hierarchy-of-needs theory has been used to predict development of Quality of Life (QOL) in countries over time. In this paper an attempt has been taken to derive a methodological validation of quality of life questionnaire which have been prepared for the study area. The objective of the study is to standardize a questionnaire tool to…

  20. Relative Reliability and Validity of the Block Kids Questionnaire among Youth Aged 10 to 17 Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    This cross-sectional study tested the reliability and validity of the Block Kids Questionnaire to assess diet during the past 7 days. Within a 7-day period, 10- to 17-year-old children and adolescents completed two 24-hour dietary recalls by telephone, followed by the Block Kids Questionnaire at the...

  1. Development and Validation of the Drinking Motive Questionnaire Revised Short Form (DMQ-R SF)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuntsche, Emmanuel; Kuntsche, Sandra

    2009-01-01

    A short form of the Drinking Motive Questionnaire Revised (DMQ-R; Cooper, 1994) was developed, using different item selection strategies based on a national representative sample of 5,617 12- to 18-year-old students in Switzerland. To confirm the concurrent validity of the short-form questionnaire, or DMQ-R SF, data from a second national sample…

  2. The Validation of a Food Label Literacy Questionnaire for Elementary School Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynolds, Jesse S.; Treu, Judith A.; Njike, Valentine; Walker, Jennifer; Smith, Erica; Katz, Catherine S.; Katz, David L.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To determine the reliability and validity of a 10-item questionnaire, the Food Label Literacy for Applied Nutrition Knowledge questionnaire. Methods: Participants were elementary school children exposed to a 90-minute school-based nutrition program. Reliability was assessed via Cronbach alpha and intraclass correlation coefficient…

  3. Organizational citizenship behavior in schools: validation of a questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neves, Paula C; Paixão, Rui; Alarcão, Madalena; Gomes, A Duarte

    2014-01-01

    The present study examines the psychometric properties (including factorial validity) of an organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) scale in a school context. A total of 321 middle and high school teachers from 59 schools in urban and rural areas of central Portugal completed the OCB scale at their schools. The confirmatory factor analysis validated a hierarchical model with four latent factors on the first level (altruism, conscientiousness, civic participation and courtesy) and a second order factor (OCB). The revised model fit with the data, ? 2 /gl = 1.97; CFI = .962; GFI = .952, RMSEA = .05. The proposed scale (comportamentos de cidadania organizacional em escolas- Revista CCOE-R)- is a valid instrument to assess teacher's perceptions of OCB in their schools, allowing investigation at the organizational level of analysis. PMID:25012512

  4. Development and validation of the coping strategies questionnaire for parents of children with diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    Beléndez Vázquez, Marina; Topa Cantisano, Gabriela; Bermejo Alegría, Rosa María; Méndez Carrillo, Francisco Javier; Marín, María del Carmen

    2009-01-01

    This study describes the development and validation of the Coping Strategies for Diabetes Care (CSDC) questionnaire for parents of children with diabetes. In Study 1, a pilot version was tested with a sample of 101 parents. In Study 2 (N=199), confirmatory factor analyses were conducted on data from fathers and mothers separately. In Study 3 (N=109 parents)validity was determined using the WHO-Well Being Index and other measures. The final questionnaire consisted of 15 items. Analyses reveale...

  5. Systematic Development and Validation of a Theory-Based Questionnaire to Assess Toddler Feeding12

    OpenAIRE

    Hurley, Kristen M; Pepper, M. Reese; Candelaria, Margo; Wang, Yan; Caulfield, Laura E; Latta, Laura; Hager, Erin R.; Black, Maureen M.

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the development and validation of a 27-item caregiver-reported questionnaire on toddler feeding. The development of the Toddler Feeding Behavior Questionnaire was based on a theory of interactive feeding that incorporates caregivers’ responses to concerns about their children’s dietary intake, appetite, size, and behaviors rather than relying exclusively on caregiver actions. Content validity included review by an expert panel (n = 7) and testing in a pilot sample (n ...

  6. Design and validity of a questionnaire to assess sexuality in pregnant women

    OpenAIRE

    Barbosa Angélica P; Lopes Gerson P; Dias Adriano; Mp, Calderon Iracema; Vc, Rudge Cibele; Maestá Izildinha; Odland Jon; Vc, Rudge Marilza

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background A review of validated methods for assessing female sexual dysfunction and a review of male and female sexual dysfunction did not refer to any specific questionnaire for evaluating sexuality during pregnancy. A study was performed at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Botucatu Medical School, São Paulo State University, Brazil to design and validate a pregnancy sexuality questionnaire, the Pregnancy Sexual Response Inventory (PSRI). Methods Women with a singleton ...

  7. Development and Validation of a Personality Assessment Instrument for Traditional Korean Medicine: Sasang Personality Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Soo Hyun Park; Siwoo Lee; Soo Jin Lee; Eunsu Jang; Han Chae

    2012-01-01

    Objective. Sasang typology is a traditional Korean medicine based on the biopsychosocial perspectives of Neo-Confucianism and utilizes medical herbs and acupuncture for type-specific treatment. This study was designed to develop and validate the Sasang Personality Questionnaire (SPQ) for future use in the assessment of personality based on Sasang typology. Design and Methods. We selected questionnaire items using internal consistency analysis and examined construct validity with explorati...

  8. The validity and precision of the leicester cough questionnaire in COPD patients with chronic cough

    OpenAIRE

    Berkhof Farida F; Boom Lisenka N; ten Hertog Nynke E; Uil Steven M; Am, Kerstjens Huib; Wk, Den Berg Jan

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background A validated instrument to assess the effects of chronic cough on health status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is currently not available. The Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ) is a cough-specific health status questionnaire which is originally validated for a population of general patients presenting with chronic cough. We examined the psychometric performance of the LCQ in patients with COPD and chronic productive cough. Methods Concurrent...

  9. Validity and reliability testing of the Swedish version of Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Isaksson, Ulf; Hajdarevic, Senada; Jutterström, Lena; Hörnsten, Åsa

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The Melbourne Decision-Making Questionnaire (MDMQ) is an attempt to capture and measure coping strategies that people use. The instrument had not previously been translated into Swedish. The aim of this study was to evaluate validity and reliability of the Swedish version of the MDMQ. METHOD: A Swedish translation was performed and back-translated. A group of five pilot readers evaluated content validity. The translated questionnaire was tested among 735 patients, healthcare worke...

  10. Validity of the international physical activity questionnaire short form (IPAQ-SF): A systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Stewart Sunita M; Th, Lam; Macfarlane Duncan J; Lee Paul H

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background The International Physical Activity Questionnaire - Short Form (IPAQ-SF) has been recommended as a cost-effective method to assess physical activity. Several studies validating the IPAQ-SF have been conducted with differing results, but no systematic review of these studies has been reported. Methods The keywords "IPAQ", "validation", and "validity" were searched in PubMed and Scopus. Studies published in English that validated the IPAQ-SF against an objective physical act...

  11. Testing the Validity and Reliability of the Shame Questionnaire among Sexually Abused Girls in Zambia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michalopoulos, Lynn T. M.; Murray, Laura K.; Kane, Jeremy C.; Skavenski van Wyk, Stephanie; Chomba, Elwyn; Cohen, Judith; Imasiku, Mwiya; Semrau, Katherine; Unick, Jay; Bolton, Paul A.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose The aim of the current study is to test the validity and reliability of the Shame Questionnaire among traumatized girls in Lusaka, Zambia. Methods The Shame Questionnaire was validated through both classical test and item response theory methods. Internal reliability, criterion validity and construct validity were examined among a sample of 325 female children living in Zambia. Sub-analyses were conducted to examine differences in construct validity among girls who reported sexual abuse and girls who did not. Results All girls in the sample were sexually abused, but only 61.5% endorsed or reported that sexual abuse had occurred. Internal consistency was very good among the sample with alpha = .87. Criterion validity was demonstrated through a significant difference of mean Shame Questionnaire scores between girls who experienced 0–1 trauma events and more than one traumatic event, with higher mean Shame Questionnaire scores among girls who had more than one traumatic event (p = .004 for 0–1 compared to 2 and 3 events and p = .016 for 0–1 compared to 4+ events). Girls who reported a history of witnessing or experiencing physical abuse had a significantly higher mean Shame Questionnaire score than girls who did not report a history of witnessing or experiencing physical abuse (pmean Shame Questionnaire score between girls who reported a sexual abuse history and girls who did not. Exploratory factor analysis indicated a two-factor model of the Shame Questionnaire, with an experience of shame dimension and an active outcomes of shame dimension. Item response theory analysis indicated adequate overall item fit. Results also indicate potential differences in construct validity between girls who did and did not endorse sexual abuse. Conclusions This study suggests the general utility of the Shame Questionnaire among Zambian girls and demonstrates the need for more psychometric studies in low and middle income countries. PMID:25879658

  12. Identification of validated questionnaires to measure adherence to pharmacological antihypertensive treatments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez-Escamilla B

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Beatriz Pérez-Escamilla,1 Lucía Franco-Trigo,1 Joanna C Moullin,2 Fernando Martínez-Martínez,1 José P García-Corpas1 1Academic Centre in Pharmaceutical Care, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Granada, Granada, Spain; 2Graduate School of Health, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia Background: Low adherence to pharmacological treatments is one of the factors associated with poor blood pressure control. Questionnaires are an indirect measurement method that is both economic and easy to use. However, questionnaires should meet specific criteria, to minimize error and ensure reproducibility of results. Numerous studies have been conducted to design questionnaires that quantify adherence to pharmacological antihypertensive treatments. Nevertheless, it is unknown whether questionnaires fulfil the minimum requirements of validity and reliability. The aim of this study was to compile validated questionnaires measuring adherence to pharmacological antihypertensive treatments that had at least one measure of validity and one measure of reliability. Methods: A literature search was undertaken in PubMed, the Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE, and the Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database (Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde [LILACS]. References from included articles were hand-searched. The included papers were all that were published in English, French, Portuguese, and Spanish from the beginning of the database’s indexing until July 8, 2013, where a validation of a questionnaire (at least one demonstration of the validity and at least one of reliability was performed to measure adherence to antihypertensive pharmacological treatments. Results: A total of 234 potential papers were identified in the electronic database search; of these, 12 met the eligibility criteria. Within these 12 papers, six questionnaires were validated: the Morisky–Green–Levine; Brief Medication Questionnaire; Hill-Bone Compliance to High Blood Pressure Therapy Scale; Morisky Medication Adherence Scale; Treatment Adherence Questionnaire for Patients with Hypertension (TAQPH; and Martín–Bayarre–Grau. Questionnaire length ranged from four to 28 items. Internal consistency, assessed by Cronbach’s ?, varied from 0.43 to 0.889. Additional statistical techniques utilized to assess the psychometric properties of the questionnaires varied greatly across studies. Conclusion: At this stage, none of the six questionnaires included could be considered a gold standard. However, this revision will assist health professionals in the selection of the most appropriate tool for their individual circumstances. Keywords: validation, hypertension, medication, compliance, scale, validity, reliability

  13. Survey on validity and reliability of diagnostic questionnaire of internet addiction disorder in students users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Salman Alavi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Internet occupies a large part of youth's life and each year more reports are published a bout Internet addiction disorder (IAD.This study argues the validity and reliability of Young Diagnostic Questionnaire (YDQ correspondence Iranian society and culture.Materials and Method: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical research. For these purpose 400 students of Isfahan universities were subjected. Sampling method was quota sampling. Cases completed demographic questionnaire, Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS and YDQ (Young Diagnostic Questionnaire. Finally we performed a psychiatric interview (based on DSM-IV-TR for all of the samples. For data analysis we used face, discriminative and concurrent validity, Chronbach ?, split half, test-retest and ROC Curve by SPSS-14 Software.Results: Concurrent validity was (r=0.78, 0.81, discriminative validity was (r=0.62. Besides YDQ shows internal consistency (?=0.70, split-half validity(r=0.64, test –retest reliability (r=0.74, p<0.01. The best cut off point for this questionnaire is number 4.Conclusion: The result showed that Persian version of YDQ is valid and reliable. Considering lack of a valid and reliable questionnaire for measuring addiction to the internet, YDQ could be a suitable tool for measuring internet addiction in future research

  14. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ and New Zealand Physical Activity Questionnaire (NZPAQ: A doubly labelled water validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodgers Anthony

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Accurate measurement of physical activity is a pre-requisite for monitoring population health and for evaluating effective interventions. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ is used as a comparable and standardised self-report measure of habitual physical activity of populations from different countries and socio-cultural contexts. The IPAQ has been modified to produce a New Zealand physical activity questionnaire (NZPAQ. The aim of this study was to validate the IPAQ and NZPAQ against doubly labelled water (DLW. Method: Total energy expenditure (TEE was measured over a 15-day period using DLW. Activity-related energy expenditure (AEE was estimated by subtracting the energy expenditure from resting metabolic rate and thermic effect of feeding from TEE. The IPAQ (long form and NZPAQ (short form were completed at the end of each 7-day period. Activity-related energy expenditure (IPAQAEE and NZPAQAEE was calculated from each questionnaire and compared to DLWAEE. Results Thirty six adults aged 18 to 56 years (56% female completed all measurements. Compared to DLWAEE, IPAQAEE and NZPAQAEE on average underestimated energy expenditure by 27% and 59%, respectively. There was good agreement between DLWAEE and both IPAQAEE and NZPAQAEE at lower levels of physical activity. However there was marked underestimation of questionnaire-derived energy expenditure at higher levels of activity. Conclusion Both the IPAQ and NZPAQ instruments have a demonstrated systematic bias toward underestimation of physical activity-related energy expenditure at higher levels of physical activity compared to DLW. Appropriate calibration factors could be used to correct for measurement error in physical activity questionnaires and hence improve estimation of AEE.

  15. Life Satisfaction Questionnaire (Lisat-9): Reliability and Validity for Patients with Acquired Brain Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boonstra, Anne M.; Reneman, Michiel F.; Stewart, Roy E.; Balk, Gerlof A.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the reliability and discriminant validity of the Dutch version of the life satisfaction questionnaire (Lisat-9 DV) to assess patients with an acquired brain injury. The reliability study used a test-retest design, and the validity study used a cross-sectional design. The setting was the general rehabilitation…

  16. Factor Validity of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) in Asynchronous Online Learning Environments (AOLE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Moon-Heum; Summers, Jessica

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the factor validity of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) in asynchronous online learning environments. In order to check the factor validity, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was conducted with 193 cases. Using CFA, it was found that the original measurement model fit for…

  17. Validity of the international physical activity questionnaire and the Singapore prospective study program physical activity questionnaire in a multiethnic urban Asian population

    OpenAIRE

    Shyong, Tai E.; Salim Agus; Wu Yi; Gitau Ngunjiri Susan Ayuko; Nang Ei Ei Khaing; Lee Jeannette; Van Dam Rob M

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Physical activity patterns of a population remain mostly assessed by the questionnaires. However, few physical activity questionnaires have been validated in Asian populations. We previously utilized a combination of different questionnaires to assess leisure time, transportation, occupational and household physical activity in the Singapore Prospective Study Program (SP2). The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) has been developed for a similar purpose. I...

  18. SPORT FAN MOTIVATION QUESTIONNAIRE: A STUDY OF VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammed Emin KAFKAS

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research, Yousof Al-Thibiti (2004 Fan Motivational scale was developed by Turkish adapts and scales to analyze the validity and reliability. The study group was composed that Inonu University studying at different faculty of education between the age of 17-31 494’ü (%54 women and 421’i (%46 male students. Firstly of linguistic equivalence of the scale were examined. Secondly after linguistic equivalence was performed reliability analysis. The total scale internal consistency coefficients for sizes .85 and subscale range of .70-.78, the re-test reliability coefficients were between .79-.89. at the same time, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis is carried out with the scale and found to comply with the data. As a result of scale to measure the status of individuals to participate in sporting activities was found to have an appropriate structure.

  19. Investigation of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Questionnaire Validity and Reliability CFS (DSQ Revised

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Haddadi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available   Background and Aim : Diagnostic tools for chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome questionnaire, created for research and clinical investigations in order to use it as a management tool for monitoring patients with this syndrome. The questionnaire is very comprehensive using a self-reporting system and all internal and external definitions according to the America's Center for Disease Control has been covered. It also assesses current and past activity levels and symptoms of fatigue and malaise after routine daily activities to ensure that these items are evaluated as well. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of diagnostic questionnaire for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS.   Materials and Methods : In the discussion of content validity and reliability of survey studies, chronic fatigue syndrome questionnaire, prepared by the Department of Psychology, DePaul University, and was elected a full copy of the correspondence received from the questionnaire ratings. The questionnaire that was translated content validity was assessed by the 20 members of the faculty. However, re-translated from Persian into English for reference, was prepared with modifications, the validity of its validity was confirmed by the authors. Then, 30 nurses were selected to determine the reliability of the questionnaire chronic fatigue syndrome who was working in a Hospital. Inventory management under center and full justification of the researcher and the participants in the study by researchers at the distribution has been completed. The survey was carried out again after 15 days.   Results: The instrument showed good reliability and validity. In discussing the content validity of the Persian translation tool by 20 people associated professor of internal review, and its content validity was determined with respect to two of CVI and the results of CVR , and (CVR=0.7 and CVI=0.85 represents CREDIT the content is good . According to the results, the reliability of the questionnaire CFS, Cronbach's alpha to assess the results of the questionnaire showed very good reliability. Two step test reliability coefficients (ICC = Mixed & and Confidence Interval = 95% also showed a significant relationship among questions as well. However, the internal correlation coefficient obtained for the 8 criteria CFS, showed high internal cohesion.   Conclusion: This study suggests the CFS questionnaire as a reliable instrument for all levels in research and clinical applications. Using this tool can help with background checks and even in advanced levels to be effective, it has enough power and accuracy in the diagnosis of CFS sufferers.

  20. Validation of the Finnish version of the SCOFF questionnaire among young adults aged 20 to 35 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saarni Samuli I

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We tested the validity of the SCOFF, a five-question screening instrument for eating disorders, in a general population sample. Methods A random sample of 1863 Finnish young adults was approached with a questionnaire that contained several screens for mental health interview, including the SCOFF. The questionnaire was returned by 1316 persons. All screen positives and a random sample of screen negatives were invited to SCID interview. Altogether 541 subjects participated in the SCID interview and had filled in the SCOFF questionnaire. We investigated the validity of the SCOFF in detecting current eating disorders by calculating sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV for different cut-off scores. We also performed a ROC analysis based on these 541 persons, of whom nine had current eating disorder. Results The threshold of two positive answers presented the best ability to detect eating disorders, with a sensitivity of 77.8%, a specificity of 87.6%, a PPV of 9.7%, and a NPV of 99.6%. None of the subjects with current eating disorder scored zero points in the SCOFF. Conclusion Due to its low PPV, there are limitations in using the SCOFF as a screening instrument in unselected population samples. However, it might be used for ruling out the possibility of eating disorders.

  1. The 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12: translation and validation study of the Iranian version

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    Garmaroudi Gholamreza

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this study was to translate and to test the reliability and validity of the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12 in Iran. Methods Using a standard 'forward-backward' translation procedure, the English language version of the questionnaire was translated into Persian (Iranian language. Then a sample of young people aged 18 to 25 years old completed the questionnaire. In addition, a short questionnaire containing demographic questions and a single measure of global quality of life was administered. To test reliability the internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Validity was performed using convergent validity. Finally, the factor structure of the questionnaire was extracted by performing principal component analysis using oblique factor solution. Results In all 748 young people entered into the study. The mean age of respondents was 21.1 (SD = 2.1 years. Employing the recommended method of scoring (ranging from 0 to 12, the mean GHQ score was 3.7 (SD = 3.5. Reliability analysis showed satisfactory result (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.87. Convergent validity indicated a significant negative correlation between the GHQ-12 and global quality of life scores as expected (r = -0.56, P Conclusion The study findings showed that the Iranian version of the GHQ-12 has a good structural characteristic and is a reliable and valid instrument that can be used for measuring psychological well being in Iran.

  2. Reliability and validity of the Korean standard pattern identification for stroke (K-SPI-Stroke questionnaire

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    Kang Byoung-Kab

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The present study was conducted to examine the reliability and validity of the ‘Korean Standard Pattern Identification for Stroke (K-SPI-Stroke’, which was developed and evaluated within the context of traditional Korean medicine (TKM. Methods Between September 2006 and December 2010, 2,905 patients from 11 Korean medical hospitals were asked to complete the K-SPI-Stroke questionnaire as a part of project ' Fundamental study for the standardization and objectification of pattern identification in traditional Korean medicine for stroke (SOPI-Stroke. Each patient was independently diagnosed by two TKM physicians from the same site according to one of four patterns, as suggested by the Korea Institute of Oriental Medicine: 1 a Qi deficiency pattern, 2 a Dampness-phlegm pattern, 3 a Yin deficiency pattern, or 4 a Fire-heat pattern. We estimated the internal consistency using Cronbach’s ? coefficient, the discriminant validity using the means score of patterns, and the predictive validity using the classification accuracy of the K-SPI-Stroke questionnaire. Results The K-SPI-Stroke questionnaire had satisfactory internal consistency (??=?0.700 and validity, with significant differences in the mean of scores among the four patterns. The overall classification accuracy of this questionnaire was 65.2 %. Conclusion These results suggest that the K-SPI-Stroke questionnaire is a reliable and valid instrument for estimating the severity of the four patterns.

  3. Development and validation of a questionnaire to assess delay in treatment for breast cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Unger-Saldaña Karla; Peláez-Ballestas Ingris; Infante-Castañeda Claudia

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background This study reports the reliability and validity of a questionnaire designed to measure the time from detection of a breast cancer to arrival at a cancer hospital, as well as the factors that are associated with delay. Methods The proposed questionnaire measures dates for estimation of the patient, provider and total intervals from detection to treatment, as well as factors that could be related to delays: means of problem identification (self-discovery or screening), the p...

  4. Validation of a brief questionnaire measuring positive mindset in patients with uveitis

    OpenAIRE

    Barry, John A.; Annie Folkard; William Ayliffe

    2014-01-01

    Aim: Illness may impact the positivity of a person’s mindset. However, patients with visual impairment, such as uveitis, may struggle to complete questionnaires. The aim of this study was to validate a brief and simple measure of positive mindset in people with uveitis. Method: This study was a cross-sectional survey of 200 people with uveitis. The Positive Mindset Index (PMI) questionnaire uses six items to measure a patient’s happiness, confidence, sense of being in control, st...

  5. Reliability and validity study of Persian modified version of MUSIC (musculoskeletal intervention center) – Norrtalje questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen Irene; Ghaffari Mostafa; Alipour Akbar; Shariati Batoul; Vingard Eva

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a major health problem in the world. Self-reported questionnaires are a known method for estimating the prevalence of MSDs among the population. One of the studies concerning MSDs and their relation to work-related physical and psychosocial factors, as well as non-work-related factors, is the MUSIC-Norrtalje study in Sweden. In this study, the research group developed a questionnaire, which has been validated during its development proc...

  6. Spanish validation of Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ (brace).es) for adolescents with braces

    OpenAIRE

    Rigo Manuel; Testor Carles; Agata Elisabetta, D.

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background As a result of scientific and medical professionals gaining interest in Stress and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQL), the aim of our research is, thus, to validate into Spanish the German questionnaire Bad Sobernheim Stress Questionnaire (BSSQ) (mit Korsett), for adolescents wearing braces. Methods The methodology used adheres to literature on trans-cultural adaptation by doing a translation and a back translation; it involved 35 adolescents, ages ranging between 10 an...

  7. Identification of adults with symptoms suggestive of obstructive airways disease: Validation of a postal respiratory questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Hirsch Sybil; McNamee Roseanne R; Hannaford Philip C; Hazell Michelle L; Cropper Jennifer A; Frank Peter I; Frank Timothy L; Pickering Charles AC

    2003-01-01

    Abstract Background Two simples scoring systems for a self-completed postal respiratory questionnaire were developed to identify adults who may have obstructive airways disease. The objective of this study was to validate these scoring systems. Method A two-stage design was used. All adults in two practice populations were sent the questionnaire and a stratified random sample of respondents was selected to undergo full clinical evaluation. Three respiratory physicians reviewed the results of ...

  8. Construction and validation of a questionnaire for the analysis of bioethical conceptions

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Paloma R.; Araújo, Elaine Sandra Nicolini Nabuco de; Caldeira, Ana Maria De Andrade

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we describe the stages of a quantitative questionnaire development that allows the investigation of conceptions about bioethical values inherent to the scientific activity. This questionnaire was statistically and semantically validated and developed according to the Likert scale. The relevance of this instrument is given by the fact that, unlike what happens in European countries, quantitative research in Brazil has little educational traditions. Therefore, this work is intende...

  9. Linguistic validation of translation of the self-assessment goal achievement (saga questionnaire from English

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    Piault Elisabeth

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A linguistic validation of the Self-Assessment Goal Achievement (SAGA questionnaire was conducted for 12 European languages, documenting that each translation adequately captures the concepts of the original English-language version of the questionnaire and is readily understood by subjects in the target population. Methods Native-speaking residents of the target countries who reported urinary problems/lower urinary tract problems were asked to review a translation of the SAGA questionnaire, which was harmonized among 12 languages: Danish, Dutch, English (UK, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Spanish, and Swedish. During a cognitive debriefing interview, participants were asked to identify any words that were difficult to understand and explain in their own words the meaning of each sentence in the questionnaire. The qualitative analysis was conducted by local linguistic validation teams (original translators, back translator, project manager, interviewer, and survey research expert. Results Translations of the SAGA questionnaire from English to 12 European languages were well understood by the participants with an overall comprehension rate across language of 98.9%. In addition, the translations retained the original meaning of the SAGA items and instructions. Comprehension difficulties were identified, and after review by the translation team, minor changes were made to 7 of the 12 translations to improve clarity and comprehension. Conclusions Conceptual, semantic, and cultural equivalence of each translation of the SAGA questionnaire was achieved thus confirming linguistic validation.

  10. Validation of activity questionnaires in patients with cystic fibrosis by accelerometry and cycle ergometry

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    Ruf Katharina C

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of this study was to validate physical activity questionnaires for cystic fibrosis (CF against accelerometry and cycle ergometry. Methods 41 patients with CF (12-42 years completed the Habitual Activity Estimation Scale (HAES, the 7-Day Physical Activity Recall questionnaire (7D-PAR and the Lipid Research Clinics questionnaire (LRC and performed an incremental exercise test according to the Godfrey protocol up to volitional fatigue. Time spent in moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA assessed objectively by accelerometry was related to the time spent in the respective activity categories by correlation analyses and calculating intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC. Furthermore, the results of the exercise test were correlated with the results of the questionnaires. Results Time spent in the categories 'hard','very hard' and 'hard & very hard' of the 7D-PAR (0.41 p = 0.002; VO2peak: r = 0.32, p = 0.041. Conclusions In conclusion, the activity categories 'hard' and 'very hard' of the 7D-PAR best reflected objectively measured MVPA. Since the association was at most moderate, the 7D-PAR may be selected to describe physical activity within a population. None of the evaluated questionnaires was able to generate valid physical activity data exercise performance data at the individual level. Neither did any of the questionnaires provide a valid assessment of aerobic fitness on an invidual level.

  11. Swedish translation and validation of a web-based questionnaire for registration of overuse problems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekman, E; Frohm, A; Ek, P; Hagberg, J; Wirén, C; Heijne, A

    2015-02-01

    The main aim of this study was to translate the Oslo Sport Trauma Research Center (OSTRC) Overuse Injury Questionnaire into Swedish. The validity and applicability of the questionnaire for studying overuse injuries among Swedish handball, volleyball, tennis, and orienteering top athletes were also examined. The back-translation method was used for translation. An expert committee further developed it for use in a study of injuries in handball, orienteering, tennis, and volleyball. A 10-week pretest was then conducted on 43 athletes, average age 21 (18-31) from these sports, during which time the athletes completed the modified OSTRC questionnaire on a weekly basis. In the 10th week, four additional questions were added in order to examine the questionnaire's content validity. No major disagreement was found in the translation. The athletes perceived the web-based questionnaire to be smooth and easy to complete, accurately capturing overuse injuries. However, suggestions were made to add questions relating to the hip for orienteerers and to the hand/fingers for handball players. The average prevalence of overuse injuries for all athletes, in any anatomical area was 22% (95% confidence interval 20-25). Construct validity appeared to be high, and we therefore suggest that the questionnaire may be used when studying overuse injuries in different sports. PMID:24313387

  12. The development and validation of a low back pain knowledge questionnaire - LKQ

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Simone Carazzato, Maciel; Fabio, Jennings; Anamaria, Jones; Jamil, Natour.

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and validate a questionnaire on specific knowledge about low back pain entitled "The Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire". INTRODUCTION: There is a need for instruments to assess patient knowledge regarding chronic illness. Such methods can con [...] tribute to the education of patients. METHODS: The Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire was developed through five focus groups. The questionnaire was distributed to 50 patients to assess their comprehension of the terms. To assess the reproducibility, 20 patients were surveyed by two different interviewers on the same day and twice by a single interviewer with a one-to-two week interval. For the construct validation, the Low Back Pain Knowledge Questionnaire was given to 20 healthcare professionals with knowledge on low back pain and 20 patients to determine whether the questionnaire would discriminate between the two different populations. To assess the sensitivity of the questionnaire to changes in the knowledge level of the patients, it was given to 60 patients who were randomly assigned to the Intervention Group and the Control Group. The Intervention Group answered the questionnaire both before and after attending a chronic back pain educational program (back school), whereas the Control Group answered the questionnaire twice with an interval of one month and no educational intervention. RESULTS: The focus groups generated a questionnaire with 16 items. The Spearman's correlation coefficient and the intra-class correlation coefficients ranged from 0.61 to 0.95 in the assessments of the intra-observer and inter-observer reproducibility (p

  13. Development and validation of a brief, descriptive Danish pain questionnaire (BDDPQ).

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perkins, F M; Werner, M U

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND: A new pain questionnaire should be simple, be documented to have discriminative function, and be related to previously used questionnaires. METHODS: Word meaning was validated by using bilingual Danish medical students and asking them to translate words taken from the Danish version of the McGill pain questionnaire into English. Evaluative word value was estimated using a visual analog scale (VAS). Discriminative function was assessed by having patients with one of six painful conditions (postherpetic neuralgia, phantom limb pain, rheumatoid arthritis, ankle fracture, appendicitis, or labor pain) complete the questionnaire. RESULTS: We were not able to find Danish words that were reliably back-translated to the English words 'splitting' or 'gnawing'. A simple three-word set of evaluative terms had good separation when rated on a VAS scale ('let' 17.5+/-6.5 mm; 'moderat' 42.7+/-8.6 mm; and 'staerk' 74.9+/-9.7 mm). The questionnaire was able to discriminate among the six painful conditions with 77% accuracy by just using the descriptive words. The accuracy of the questionnaire increased to 96% with the addition of evaluative terms (for pain at rest and with activity), chronicity (acute vs. chronic), and location of the pain. CONCLUSIONS: A Danish pain questionnaire that subjects and patients can self-administer has been developed and validated relative to the words used in the English McGill Pain questionnaire. The discriminative ability of the questionnaire among some common painful conditions has been tested and documented. The questionnaire may be of use in patient care and research.

  14. Validation of a self-administered questionnaire for assessing occupational and environmental exposures of pregnant women

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present investigation sought to determine whether a self-administered questionnaire could be used to obtain occupational information from pregnant women attending the obstetrical clinics at the University of California, San Francisco from July to November 1986. The authors compared the accuracy of responses of 57 women on the self-administered questionnaire with those obtained on a detailed clinical interview by an occupational health professional. The self-administered questionnaire and the clinical interview included information on the woman's job title, the type of company she worked for, the level of physical activity, her exposures on the job and at home, and her partner's occupation. The authors also examined whether the validity of the self-administered questionnaire could be improved on review by an industrial hygienist. The questionnaire took less than 20 minutes to complete, with over 90% of the women answering three-quarters of it. It was substantially accurate in obtaining information on number of hours worked during pregnancy, type of shift worked, and stress level in the workplace; exposure to radiation, video display terminals, fumes, gases, and cigarette smoke in the workplace; and exposure to pesticides, paint, and cigarette smoke at home. On those variables for which the responses on the self-administered questionnaire were less accurate, review by the industrial hygienist improved the level of accuracy considerably. These findings suggest that aonsiderably. These findings suggest that a self-administered questionnaire can be used to obtain valid information from pregnant women attending a prenatal clinic

  15. Validation and Diagnostic Usefulness of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Questionnaire in a Primary Care Level in Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zavala-Gonzáles, Miguel Angel; Azamar-Jacome, Amyra Ali; Meixueiro-Daza, Arturo; de la Medina, Antonio Ramos; Reyes-Huerta J, Job; Roesch-Dietlen, Federico; Remes-Troche, José María

    2014-01-01

    Background/Aims Different non-invasive diagnostics strategies have been used to assess patients with gastroesophageal reflux. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) questionnaire (GerdQ) is a 6-item, easy to use questionnaire that was developed primarily as a diagnostic tool for GERD in primary care. Our aim was to validate and assess diagnostic utility of GerdQ questionnaire in Mexican patients in the primary care setting. Methods The study was performed in 3 phases: (1) a questionnaire translation and comprehension study (n = 20), (2) are a reproducibility and validation study (50 patients and 50 controls) and (3) a study to assess the clinical utility in 252 subjects with GERD symptoms. Diagnostic accuracy was calculated using endoscopy and/or pH-metry as the gold standard. Results Internal consistency measured by the Cronbach’s ? coefficient was 0.81 for patients and 0.90 for healthy controls, with a mixed coefficient of 0.93. Reproducibility for GerdQ was very good and its discriminating validity was 88%. Most of the patients with erosive reflux and non-erosive reflux with abnormal pH-metry had scores > 8, meanwhile most of the patients with functional heartburn and hypersensitive esophagus had < 8. Sensitivity, specificity and positive predictive value of GerdQ com -pared to the gold standard were 72%, 72% and 87%, respectively. Conclusions In Mexico, the GerdQ questionnaire Spanish validated version is useful for GERD diagnosis in the primary care setting. PMID:25273118

  16. Development and validation of a Diabetes Self-Care Activities Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theodore Kapadohos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Patients suffered from DM, face many difficulties in compliance to medical instructions, because the DM type II may be asymptomatic at the beginning and that is the reason that recommended dietary and lifestyle changes may seem unnecessary. The aim of the study was to develop a specific instrument measuring compliance to treatment in patient with DM II and test the validity and reliability of the instrument in Greek people. Method and material: This instrument was created using 38 questions from existing questionnaires. The questionnaires used were: Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities, 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire, 12-item Short Form Health Survey and Diabetes Self-care Behaviours and Barriers instrument. The translation process from English into Greek was undertaken following the guidelines provided by the International Committee of this instrument. Several issues related to the best possible translation and validation of the various dimensions and levels of the instrument were taken into account. Then the instrument was tested to a representative sample of 120 individuals. Results: Using the scale reliability of the Flesch-Kincaid, the reliability of the questionnaire was 6.7. The average time for completing the questionnaire was eight minutes (SD ± 4.2 minutes. The instrument presents construct validity, discriminant ability, reliability and sensitivity to change. Conclusions: The present instrument requires considerable time to complete it. Therefore it is a reliable and valid instrument which can be used effectively in compliance of therapy measurement in Greek population.

  17. Linguistic validation into 20 languages and content validity of the rheumatoid arthritis-specific Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lambert, Jérémy; Hansen, Brian B

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Impairments in work productivity and daily activities contribute to the burden of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It is thus essential to use an instrument assessing both work and daily activity impairments when studying the full impact of RA on individuals. The Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) questionnaire is such an instrument. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to linguistically validate the RA-specific WPAI (WPAI:RA) instrument in 20 new languages and to assess its content validity for individuals with RA. METHODS: The linguistic validation of the questionnaire followed a standard methodology that included comprehension test interviews (n = 5 individuals with RA per language) to assess the relevance, understanding and acceptability of the WPAI:RA. Content validity of the instrument was simultaneously investigated. RESULTS: Comprehension testing showed that the WPAI:RA questionnaire was well understood similarly across countries; minor changes were made to ensure fidelity to the originalconcepts and for ease of comprehension. The majority of interviewees (66/93) considered its content comprehensive and appropriate to measure their ability to work and perform daily activities. CONCLUSION: The WPAI:RA questionnaire is now linguistically validated in 20 new languages [Czech (Czech Republic), Dutch (Belgium), English (Canada and UK), French (Belgium, Canada and France), German (Germany), Hungarian (Hungary), Italian (Italy), Polish (Poland), Portuguese (Brazil), Romanian (Romania), Russian (Russia and Ukraine), Spanish (Argentina, Mexico, Spain and US) and Ukrainian (Ukraine)]. The WPAI:RA questionnaire shows good content validity. It can thus be used in multi-country clinical trials to assess RA-related impact on the patients' ability to work and perform daily activities.

  18. Reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of scoliosis research society – 22 (SRS-22 questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christodoulou Evangelos A

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The SRS-22 is a valid instrument for the assessment of the health related quality of life of patients with Idiopathic scoliosis. The SRS-22 questionnaire was developed in USA and has been widely used in the English speaking countries. Recently it has been translated and validated in many other languages. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the adapted Greek version of the refined Scoliosis Research Society-22 Questionnaire. Methods Following the steps of cross – cultural adaptation the adapted Greek version of the SRS-22 questionnaire and a validated Greek version of the SF-36 questionnaire were mailed to 68 patients treated surgically for Idiopathic Scoliosis. 51 out of the 68 patients returned the 1st set of questionnaires, while a second set was emailed to 30 randomly selected patients of the first time responders. 20 out of the 30 patients returned the 2nd set. The mean age at the time of operation was16,2 years and the mean age at the time of evaluation was 21,2 years. Descriptive statistics for content analysis were calculated. Reliability assessment was determined by estimating Cronbach's ? and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC respectively. Concurrent validity was evaluated by comparing SRS-22 domains with relevant domains in the SF-36 questionnaire using Pearson's Correlation Coefficient (r. Results The calculated Cronbach's ? of internal consistency for three of the corresponding domains (pain 0.85; mental health 0.87; self image 0.83 were very satisfactory and for two domains (function/activity 0.72 and satisfaction 0.67 were good. The ICC of all domains of SRS-22 questionnaire was high (ICC>0.70, demonstrating very satisfactory or excellent test/retest reproducibility. Considering concurrent validity all correlations were found to be statistically significant at the 0.01 level among related domains and generally demonstrated high correlation coefficient. Conclusion The adapted Greek version of the SRS-22 questionnaire is valid and reliable and can be used for the assessment of the outcome of the treatment of the Greek speaking patients with idiopathic scoliosis.

  19. Cross-Cultural Adaptation Validation and Standardization of Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) in Iranian Children

    OpenAIRE

    Roshanak Vameghi; Firoozeh Sajedi; Adis Kraskian Mojembari; Abbas Habiollahi; Hamid Reza Lornezhad; Bahram Delavar

    2013-01-01

    Background: To provide the validated and standardized form of the Persian version of the Ages and Stages Questionnaires as an appropriate developmental screening tool for evaluation of Iranian children’s development.Methods: This was a cross- sectional study. Translation and back-translation, content validity determination, cultural and lingual modifications, pilot study on 100 parents and inter-rater reliability determinations were performed, respectively. The national and final stage was ...

  20. THE VALIDATION OF THE TAMIL VERSION OF THE 12 ITEM GENERAL HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE

    OpenAIRE

    Kuruvilla, A.; Pothen, M.; Philip, K.; Braganza, D; Joseph, A; Jacob, K. S.

    1999-01-01

    The 12 item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), increasingly used to screen for common mental disorders (CMD) in primary care, has been validated in different languages and cultures. However, the validity of the Tamil version has not been established. Consecutive patients, attending a primary health care centre in Vellore, rural Tamil Nadu, India, were screened for CMD using the Tamil version of the GHQ-12. The subjects were also interviewed using the Revised Clinical Interview Schedule (C...

  1. Validation and results of a questionnaire for functional bowel disease in out-patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skordilis Panagiotis

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim was to evaluate and validate a bowel disease questionnaire in patients attending an out-patient gastroenterology clinic in Greece. Methods This was a prospective study. Diagnosis was based on detailed clinical and laboratory evaluation. The questionnaire was tested on a pilot group of patients. Interviewer-administration technique was used. One-hundred-and-forty consecutive patients attending the out-patient clinic for the first time and fifty healthy controls selected randomly participated in the study. Reliability (kappa statistics and validity of the questionnaire were tested. We used logistic regression models and binary recursive partitioning for assessing distinguishing ability among irritable bowel syndrome (IBS, functional dyspepsia and organic disease patients. Results Mean time for questionnaire completion was 18 min. In test-retest procedure a good agreement was obtained (kappa statistics 0.82. There were 55 patients diagnosed as having IBS, 18 with functional dyspepsia (Rome I criteria, 38 with organic disease. Location of pain was a significant distinguishing factor, patients with functional dyspepsia having no lower abdominal pain (p Conclusions This questionnaire for functional bowel disease is a valid and reliable instrument that can distinguish satisfactorily between organic and functional disease in an out-patient setting.

  2. Evaluation of a validated food frequency questionnaire for self-defined vegans in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyett, Patricia; Rajaram, Sujatha; Haddad, Ella H; Sabate, Joan

    2014-07-01

    This study aimed to develop and validate a de novo food frequency questionnaire for self-defined vegans in the United States. Diet histories from pilot samples of vegans and a modified 'Block Method' using seven selected nutrients of concern in vegan diet patterns, were employed to generate the questionnaire food list. Food frequency responses of 100 vegans from 19 different U.S. states were obtained via completed mailed questionnaires and compared to multiple telephone-conducted diet recall interviews. Computerized diet analyses were performed. Correlation coefficients, t-tests, rank, cross-tabulations, and probability tests were used to validate and compare intake estimates and dietary reference intake (DRI) assessment trends between the two methods. A 369-item vegan-specific questionnaire was developed with 252 listed food frequency items. Calorie-adjusted correlation coefficients ranged from r = 0.374 to 0.600 (p Vitamin B12 were similar with both methods. Questionnaire intakes were higher than recalls for most other nutrients. Both methods demonstrated similar trends in DRI adequacy assessment (e.g., significantly inadequate vitamin D intake among vegans). This vegan-specific questionnaire can be a useful assessment tool for health screening initiatives in U.S. vegan communities. PMID:25006856

  3. Evaluation of a Validated Food Frequency Questionnaire for Self-Defined Vegans in the United States

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Dyett

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to develop and validate a de novo food frequency questionnaire for self-defined vegans in the United States. Diet histories from pilot samples of vegans and a modified ‘Block Method’ using seven selected nutrients of concern in vegan diet patterns, were employed to generate the questionnaire food list. Food frequency responses of 100 vegans from 19 different U.S. states were obtained via completed mailed questionnaires and compared to multiple telephone-conducted diet recall interviews. Computerized diet analyses were performed. Correlation coefficients, t-tests, rank, cross-tabulations, and probability tests were used to validate and compare intake estimates and dietary reference intake (DRI assessment trends between the two methods. A 369-item vegan-specific questionnaire was developed with 252 listed food frequency items. Calorie-adjusted correlation coefficients ranged from r = 0.374 to 0.600 (p < 0.001 for all analyzed nutrients except calcium. Estimates, ranks, trends and higher-level participant percentile placements for Vitamin B12 were similar with both methods. Questionnaire intakes were higher than recalls for most other nutrients. Both methods demonstrated similar trends in DRI adequacy assessment (e.g., significantly inadequate vitamin D intake among vegans. This vegan-specific questionnaire can be a useful assessment tool for health screening initiatives in U.S. vegan communities.

  4. Validez del Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) en Mujeres Mexicanas / Validity of Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) In Mexican Women

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Rosalía, Vázquez Arévalo; Jessica, Galán Julio; Xochitl, López Aguilar; Georgina L., Alvarez Rayón; Juan Manuel, Mancilla Díaz; Alejandro, Caballero Romo; Claudia, Unikel Santoncini.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la presente investigación fue validar el instrumento en población mexicana femenina Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ), creado con la finalidad de evaluar la insatisfacción corporal. Participaron 472 mujeres, 256 eran estudiantes (x? = 15.9, DE = 3.2) y conformaron el grupo control y 216 [...] pacientes con Trastorno del Comportamiento Alimentario (TCA) (x? = 20.5, DE = 3.9) con un rango de edad de 13 a 30 años. Los resultados mostraron una excelente consistencia interna (a = .98), así como una estructura de 2 factores que explicaron el 63.8% de la varianza total. Estos fueron: 1) Malestar corporal normativo (?=.95) y 2) Malestar corporal patológico (?=.94). Respecto a la validez discriminante y predictiva, el BSQ mostró una buena capacidad de clasificar a individuos con TCA, en función de la insatisfacción corporal, y se observó que dicha capacidad es mayor cuando discrimina entre Anorexia, Bulimia y control (? de Wilks = .485, ?²(gl=1)= 278.830, p? .001). Finalmente se exploraron 6 diferentes puntos de corte, de los cuales 110 fue el que demostró ser el más apropiado, de acuerdo a sus valores de sensibilidad (84.3%) y especificidad (84.4%). En conclusión el BSQ es un cuestionario de gran utilidad para detectar la insatisfacción corporal en mujeres mexicanas. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to validate the instrument Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) in female Mexican population, created to assess body dissatisfaction. 472 women participated, 256 were students and formed the control group (x? = 15.9, DE = 3.2) and 216 patients with Eating Disorders (ED) (x? = 20. [...] 5, DE = 3.9) with an age range of 13 to 30 years. The results showed excellent internal consistency (a = .98) and a 2-factor structure that explained 63.8% of the total variance. These were: 1) normative body uncomfort (?=.95), and 2) pathological body uncomfort (?=.94). Regarding the discriminant and predictive validity, the BSQ showed good ability to classify individuals with eating disorders, depending on body dissatisfaction, noting that such capacity is greater when discriminating between Anorexia, Bulimia and control (? de Wilks = .485, ?2(gl=1)= 278.830, p? .001). Finally we explored 6 different cut off points, of which the 110-was proved to be the most appropriate according to their values of sensitivity (84.3%) and specificity (84.4%). In conclusion, the BSQ is a useful questionnaire to detect body dissatisfaction in Mexican women.

  5. Validity and reliability of the Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ) / Validez y fiabilidad del Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Karina S. M., d' Almeida; Gabriela C., Souza; Eneida Rejane, Rabelo-Silva.

    1702-17-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ) evalúa actitudes y comportamientos de pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca (IC) relacionados con el cumplimiento de la restricción de sodio. Recientemente, ha sido traducido y adaptado culturalmente para uso en Brasil. No obstante, una [...] validación adicional del instrumento se requiere para que pueda ser utilizado en el manejo de pacientes con IC en Brasil. Objetivo: Probar la fiabilidad y validez de la versión brasileña del DSRQ. Métodos: Validez aparente y de contenido fueron evaluados por un grupo de especialistas. Validez de cons-tructo se evaluó mediante análisis factorial exploratoria y confirmatoria. La fiabilidad y consistencia interna del cuestionario fue evaluada mediante el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach. Resultados: Un total de 206 pacientes ambulatorios con IC fueron evaluados (edad media, 60,4 ± 11,9 años). Los resultados de la validez aparente y de contenido demostró la equivalencia entre la versión brasileña y de la versión original. En el análisis factorial exploratorio, el análisis de componentes principales (PCA) se obtuvieron cuatro factores con valores superiores a 1. Tres modelos fueron probados en el análisis factorial confirmatoria, y el modelo de tres factores resultantes del PCA mostró el mejor ajuste, representando 49% de la varianza. El alfa obtenido para las escalas de actitud/norma subjetiva, control de la conducta percibido y comportamiento dependiente fueron 0,71, 0,67 y 0,79, respectivamente. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados sugieren que la versión brasileña del DSRQ es un instrumento válido y fiable para medir las actitudes y comportamientos relacionados con una dieta baja en sodio en pacientes brasileños con IC. Abstract in english Introduction: The Dietary Sodium Restriction Questionnaire (DSRQ) was designed to assess attitudes and behaviors of patients with heart failure (HF) related to following a low-sodium diet. Recently, it has been translated and culturally adapted for use in Brazil. However, further validation of the i [...] nstrument is required before it can be used in the management of patients with HF in Brazil. Objective: To test the reliability and validity of the Brazilian version of the DSRQ. Methods: Face and content validity were assessed by a panel of experts. Construct validity was tested using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability was tested using Cronbach's alpha to assess the internal consistency of the instrument. Results: A total of 206 systolic HF outpatients were assessed (mean age, 60.4 ± 11.9 years). Face and content validity analysis showed equivalence between the Brazilian version and the original instrument. In the exploratory factor analysis, the principal component analysis (PCA) yielded four factors with eigenvalues greater than 1. Three models were tested in the confirmatory factor analysis, and the three-factor model resulting from the PCA showed the best fit, accounting for 49% of the variance. Alpha values obtained for the attitude/ subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and dependent behavior subscales were 0.71, 0.67, and 0.79, respectively. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the final validated Brazilian version of the DSRQ is a valid and reliable tool for measuring attitudes and behaviors related to following a low-sodium diet in Brazilian patients with HF.

  6. Cultural Orientations Framework (COF) Assessment Questionnaire in Cross-Cultural Coaching: A Cross-Validation with Wave Focus Styles

    OpenAIRE

    Rojon, C; McDowall, A

    2010-01-01

    This paper outlines a cross-validation of the Cultural Orientations Framework assessment questionnaire (COF, Rosinski, 2007; a new tool designed for cross-cultural coaching) with the Saville Consulting Wave Focus Styles questionnaire (Saville Consulting, 2006; an existing validated measure of occupational personality), using data from UK and German participants (N = 222). The convergent and divergent validity of the questionnaire was adequate. Contrary to previous findings which used differen...

  7. The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ): a validation study of a multidimensional self-report questionnaire to assess distress, depression, anxiety and somatization

    OpenAIRE

    Jlm, Balkom Anton; van Boeijen Christine A; Lm, Hermens Marleen; Wjh, Penninx Brenda; Cw, Vet Henrica; Adèr Herman J; Wj, Marwijk Harm; Terluin Berend; Jl, Klink Jac; Ab, Stalman Wim

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) is a self-report questionnaire that has been developed in primary care to distinguish non-specific general distress from depression, anxiety and somatization. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate its criterion and construct validity. Methods Data from 10 different primary care studies have been used. Criterion validity was assessed by comparing the 4DSQ scores with clinical diagnoses, the GPs' diagnosis of any psychosoc...

  8. Screening for Offenders with an Intellectual Disability: The Validity of the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKenzie, Karen; Michie, Amanda; Murray, Aja; Hales, Charlene

    2012-01-01

    The study assessed the validity of an intellectual disability screening tool, the Learning Disability Screening Questionnaire (LDSQ), in three forensic settings: a community intellectual disability forensic service; a forensic in-patient secure unit and a prison, using data for 94 individuals. A significant positive relationship was found between…

  9. Validity of a short 5-item version of the general health questionnaire (g.h.q).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamasunder, C; Sriram, T G; Murali Raj, S G; Shanmugham, V

    1986-07-01

    A short 5-itcni version of the General Health Questionnaire (CIHQ - 5) was evaluated for its validity in a sample of attendants of Psychiatric Patients. In comparison to a standardized Interview Schedule, the GHQ - 5 was found to have a sensitivity of 86%, specificity of 89% and an overall misclassification rate of 13% with a cutting point of 1/2. PMID:21927178

  10. VALIDITY OF A SHORT 5-ITEM VERSION OF THE GENERAL HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE (G.H.Q)

    OpenAIRE

    Shamasunder, C.; Sriram, T. G.; Murali Raj, S. G.; Shanmugham, V.

    1986-01-01

    A short 5-itcni version of the General Health Questionnaire (CIHQ - 5) was evaluated for its validity in a sample of attendants of Psychiatric Patients. In comparison to a standardized Interview Schedule, the GHQ - 5 was found to have a sensitivity of 86%, specificity of 89% and an overall misclassification rate of 13% with a cutting point of 1/2.

  11. A Validity and Reliability Study of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erturan Ilker, Gökçe; Arslan, Yunus; Demirhan, Giyasettin

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the validity and reliability of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) for high school students. In total, 1605 students (829 girls, 776 boys, average age = 15.67 ± 1.19) from three different high schools in the central district of Ankara voluntarily participated in the study. The MSLQ was…

  12. Psychometric Validation of the "Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire" with Mexican University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramirez-Dorantes, Maria del Carmen; Canto y Rodriguez, Jose Enrique; Bueno-Alvarez, Jose Antonio; Echazarreta-Moreno, Alejandro

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: The "Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire" (MSLQ) is a self-report instrument designed to assess students' motivation and learning strategies (cognitive, meta-cognitive, and resource management). In the present study, we focused on translate, adapt and validate the MSLQ to Mexican educational context.…

  13. The Dimensions of Learning Organization Questionnaire (DLOQ): A Validation Study in a Korean Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Ji Hoon; Joo, Baek-Kyoo; Chermack, Thomas J.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess the validity and reliability of the measurement scores of the learning organization culture, the Dimensions of Learning Organization Questionnaire (DLOQ), in a Korean context. A total of 1,529 cases from 11 firms in two major Korean conglomerates were analyzed. Rigorous translation procedures, including both…

  14. Validation of the questionnaire "focus of attention for handball trainers in video analysis"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Gutiérrez Aguilar

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The use of the Delphi method is indicated for the elaboration of questionnaires on a subject of study, which until now has little known information about it. Starting on an initial proposal, a group of 10 experts in handball made a series of modification proposals  until a final questionnaire was agreed of 34 items, with questions related with the four phases of the game that exist in handball. The questionnaire was given to 134 trainers from four different countries, verifying the validation of the questionnaire. The handball trainers gave most importance to the analysis with videos of the phases of play in attack and organized defense.Key words: handball, video analysis, tactic, Delphi.

  15. Development and validation of a questionnaire to assess delay in treatment for breast cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Unger-Saldaña Karla

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study reports the reliability and validity of a questionnaire designed to measure the time from detection of a breast cancer to arrival at a cancer hospital, as well as the factors that are associated with delay. Methods The proposed questionnaire measures dates for estimation of the patient, provider and total intervals from detection to treatment, as well as factors that could be related to delays: means of problem identification (self-discovery or screening, the patients’ initial interpretations of symptoms, patients’ perceptions of delay, reasons for delay in initial seeking of medical care, barriers perceived to have caused provider delay, prior utilisation of health services, use of alternative medicine, cancer-screening knowledge and practices, and aspects of the social network of support for medical attention. The questionnaire was assembled with consideration for previous research results from a review of the literature and qualitative interviews of patients with breast cancer symptoms. It was tested for face validity, content validity, reliability, internal consistency, convergent and divergent validity, sensitivity and specificity in a series of 4 tests with 602 patients. Results The instrument showed good face and content validity. It allowed discrimination of patients with different types and degrees of delay, had quite good reliability for the time intervals (with no significant mean differences between the two measurements, and fairly good internal consistency of the item dimensions (with Cronbach’s alpha values for each dimension between 0.42 and 0.85. Finally, sensitivity and specificity were 74.68% and 48.81%, respectively. Conclusions To the best of our knowledge, this is the first published report of the development and validation of a questionnaire for estimation of breast cancer delay and its correlated factors. It is a valid, reliable and sensitive instrument.

  16. Translation, adaptation and validation of "Community Integration Questionnaire" / Tradução, adaptação e validação do instrumento "Community Integration Questionnaire"

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Helena Maria Silveira, Fraga-Maia; Guilherme, Werneck; Inês, Dourado; Rita de Cássia Pereira, Fernandes; Luciara Leite, Brito.

    1341-13-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Realizar a tradução, adaptação e validação do instrumento "Community Integration Questionnaire" que avalia a integração na comunidade após trauma de crânio (TCE). Métodos: Estudo com sobreviventes de TCE. O julgamento da equivalência de mensuração se baseou na avaliação da confiabilidade, [...] por meio de estimativas da concordância entre-observadores, da correlação item-escala e da consistência interna das escalas da CIQ, da validade concorrente e validade de construto. Resultados: A concordância entre entrevistadores variou de substancial a quase perfeita. As correlações item-escala foram, em geral, maiores entre os itens e seus respectivos domínios e os coeficientes de correlação intraclasse foram elevados tanto para a escala em geral, como para os domínios da CIQ. A correlação entre a CIQ e as escalas DRS, GOSE e RLOS alcançaram valores considerados satisfatórios. Entretanto, a análise fatorial gerou quatro fatores (dimensões) que não corresponderam à estrutura dimensional do instrumento original. Conclusão: O instrumento resultante da adaptação pode ser útil para avaliar globalmente a integração na comunidade após TCE no contexto brasileiro, pelo menos até que novos estudos de avaliação psicométrica da CIQ sejam desenvolvidos com amostras maiores. Abstract in english Objective: To translate, adapt, and validate the "Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ)," a tool that evaluates community integration after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods: A study of 61 TBI survivors was carried out. The appraisal of the measurement equivalence was based on a reliability [...] assessment by estimating inter-rater agreement, item-scale correlation and internal consistency of CIQ scales, concurrent validity, and construct validity. Results: Inter-rater agreement ranged from substantial to almost perfect. The item-scale correlations were generally higher between the items and their respective domains, whereas the intra-class correlation coefficients were high for both the overall scale and the CIQ domains. The correlation between the CIQ and Disability Rating Scale (DRS), the Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOSE), and the Rancho Los Amigos Level of Cognitive Functioning Scale (RLA) reached values considered satisfactory. However, the factor analysis generated four factors (dimensions) that did not correspond with the dimensional structure of the original tool. Conclusion: The resulting tool herein may be useful in globally assessing community integration after TBI in the Brazilian context, at least until new CIQ psychometric assessment studies are developed with larger samples.

  17. Cross­ Cultural Validation of the Emotional Skills and Competence Questionnaire (ESCQ) / Validação intercultural do Emotional Skills and Competence Questionnaire (ESCQ)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luísa, Faria; Nelson Lima, Santos; Vladimir, Takši; Hannu, Räty; Bo, Molander; Stefan, Holmström; John, Jansson; Andreja, Avsec; Natalio, Extremera; Pablo, Fernández­Berrocal; Hiroshi, Toyota.

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objectivo discutir a validação intercultural do Emotional Skills and Competence Questionnaire (ESCQ), sendo constituído por 45 itens divididos em três subescalas - (i) percepção emocional (PE),(ii) expressão emocional (EE)e(iii) capacidade para lidar com a emoção (CLE) -, e clas [...] sifica­do como um instrumento de avaliação da “inteligência emocional de tipo traço” ou da “percepção de competência emocional”. Foi originalmente desenvolvido no contexto croata, de acordo com a perspectiva teórica de Mayer e Salovey (1997), tendo sido traduzido para inglês e apresentado, em 2001, no 7th European Congress of Psychology, em Londres. São apresentadas as qualidades psicométricas e as relações do ESCQ com outros constructos relevantes, nos contextos Croata, Português, Finlandês, Sueco, Eslove­no, Espanhol e Japonês, utilizando amostras­?alvo de estudantes do ensino secun­dário e universitário, bem como de sujeitos mais velhos (trabalhadores e supervi­sores de empresas), tendo evidenciado bons valores de validade de constructo, convergente, divergente e concorrente. Contudo, o valor de alpha de Cronbach da subescala CLE exige melhoria, enfatizando a necessidade de prosseguir os estudos de validade do ESCQ. Abstract in english This article discusses the cross-cultural validation of the Emotional Skills and Competence Questionnaire (ESCQ), which consists of 45 items divided into three subscales - (i) perceiving and understanding emotion (PU), (ii) expressing and labelling emotion (EL), and (iii) managing and regulating emo [...] tion (MR) - and is classified as a “trait emotional intelligence” or “perceived emotional intelligence” measure. Originally, it was developed in Croatian settings using a theoretical framework from the emotional intelligence model (Mayer & Salovey, 1997), but it has already been translated into English and presented in 2001 at the 7th European Congress of Psychology in London. The psychometric qualities and the relations of ESCQ with several relevant constructs in Croatian, Portuguese, Finnish, Swedish, Slovene, Spanish, and Japanese contexts are here presented, using target samples of mainly high school and university students, as well as older subjects (workers and supervisors), highlighting construct, convergent, divergent and concurrent validity. However, the Cronbach alpha of the MRscale needs improvement, stressing the need to further pursue the validity studies of the ESCQ.

  18. Assessing validity of a short food frequency questionnaire on present dietary intake of elderly Icelanders

    OpenAIRE

    Eysteinsdottir Tinna; Thorsdottir Inga; Gunnarsdottir Ingibjorg; Steingrimsdottir Laufey

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Few studies exist on the validity of food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) administered to elderly people. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of a short FFQ on present dietary intake, developed specially for the AGES-Reykjavik Study, which includes 5,764 elderly individuals. Assessing the validity of FFQs is essential before they are used in studies on diet-related disease risk and health outcomes. Method 128 healthy elderly participants (74 y ± 5.7; 58.6% fe...

  19. Translation and validation of the Danish version of the Patient Rated Wrist Evaluation questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    SchØnnemann, Jesper O; Hansen, Torben Bæk

    2013-01-01

    The need for validated outcome measures is increasing. The purpose is to translate and validate the Patient Rated Wrist Evaluation (PRWE) in Danish. Translation was done by an expert panel followed by evaluation of a lay panel and a field test on 10 patients. Sixty patients with wrist fractures were included. Both lay panel comments and field test revealed issues not dealt with by the expert panel, and a final version of the Danish PRWE was made. The validation process then continued and reliability results. were presented as Cronbach's alpha = 0.94, describing the homogeneity and the intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.88 and difference of mean = 5.7 (CI = 1.12-10.37, p = 0.017), describing the concordance of the results. Convergent validity at first and last control was for pain, 0.51 and 0.46, and physical mobility, 0.56 and 0.64, respectively, describing the correlation with a gold standard questionnaire. A minor floor effect was noticed, but not enough to indicate a lack of sensitivity of the PRWE. Effect size, the ability to measure sensitivity to change, was 0.62, also described as responsiveness. The translation resulted in a questionnaire that represents correct easy-understandable Danish. It is concluded that the modified Danish version is a valid questionnaire for patients with wrist fractures.

  20. Validation of the multimedia version of the RDC/TMD axis II questionnaire in Portuguese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Figueiredo Cavalcanti

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to validate the multimedia version of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD Axis II Questionnaire in Portuguese language. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample comprised 30 patients with signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMD, evaluated at the Orofacial Pain Control Center of the Dental School of the University of Pernambuco, Brazil, between April and June 2006. Data collection was performed using the following instruments: Simplifed Anamnestic Index (SAI and RDC/TMD Axis II written version and multimedia version. The validation process consisted of analyzing the internal consistency of the scales. Concurrent and convergent validity were evaluated by the Spearman's rank correlation. In addition, test and analysis of reproducibility by the Kappa weighted statistical test and Spearman's rank correlation test were performed. RESULTS: The multimedia version of the RDC/TMD Axis II questionnaire in Portuguese was considered consistent (Crombrach alpha = 0.94, reproducible (Spearman 0.670 to 0.913, p<0.01 and valid (p<0.01. CONCLUSION: The questionnaire showed valid and reproducible results, and represents an instrument of practical application in epidemiological studies of TMD in the Brazilian population.

  1. Assessment Of Validity And Reliability Of Team STEPPS Teamwork Attitudes Questionnaire (T-TAQ In Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minoo Najafi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Collaboration within and between healthcare teams facilitates effective healthcare provision. Fundamental strategies in effective healthcare services focus on collaboration and teamwork. This study was an attempt to assess reliability and validity of Team STEPPS Teamwork Attitudes Questionnaire (T-TAQ in Iranian context. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in Iran in 2012. Delphi method was applied and the questionnaire was submitted to 11 experts in 2 rounds to determine its face and content validity. Besides, it was translated and back translated to determine external validity. To estimate the reliability of the instrument, test-retest method was used. A sample of 67 medical and nursing senior students was stratified from Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS. T-TAQ is a questionnaire having 30 questions in 5 themes. The obtained data were analyzed by SPSS13. Results: The content, face and external validity of the tool were approved by Iranian experts. Meanwhile, applying Cronbach's alpha, total reliability was estimated to be 0.80; moreover, the ICC turned out to be 0.8. Conclusion : Since the validity and reliability of this instrument are confirmed in an Iranian context, it can be used to measure attitude regarding teamwork in this context.

  2. Development of Problem Solving Confidence Questionnaire: Study of Validation and Reliability [PDF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolga Gok

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to develop and validate a problem solving confidence questionnaire which would help teachers, instructors, and researchers to have better understanding of problem solving confidence of students. The participants of this scale were 950 undergraduate science and engineering students enrolled in the Introductory Calculus Based Physics. The development of the scale included the following three steps; item formulation, content validation and reliability calculation. The scale has 20 items allocated to two factors: (1 High Confidence; (2 Low Confidence. The scale items had a factor loading of at least .40. The results of the factor analysis revealed that the scale accounted for the 57.32% of the total variance. The alpha reliability coefficient was .92. According to these findings, the Problem Solving Confidence Questionnaire (PSCQ is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used in the field of engineering and science education.

  3. The Effects of Faking on the Construct Validity of Personality Questionnaires: A Direct Faking Measure Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zvonimir Gali?

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Some authors clearly showed that faking reduces the construct validity of personality questionnaires, whilst many others found no such effect. A possible explanation for mixed results could be searched for in a variety of methodological strategies in forming comparison groups supposed to differ in the level of faking: candidates vs. non-candidates; groups of individuals with "high" vs. "low" social desirability score; and groups given instructions to respond honestly vs. instructions to "fake good". All three strategies may be criticized for addressing the faking problem indirectly – assuming that comparison groups really differ in the level of response distortion, which might not be true. Therefore, in a within-subject design study we examined how faking affects the construct validity of personality inventories using a direct measure of faking. The results suggest that faking reduces the construct validity of personality questionnaires gradually – the effect was stronger in the subsample of participants who distorted their responses to a greater extent.

  4. Translation and validation of the German version of the Bournemouth Questionnaire for Neck Pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soklic Marina

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinical outcome measures are important tools to monitor patient improvement during treatment as well as to document changes for research purposes. The short-form Bournemouth questionnaire for neck pain patients (BQN was developed from the biopsychosocial model and measures pain, disability, cognitive and affective domains. It has been shown to be a valid and reliable outcome measure in English, French and Dutch and more sensitive to change compared to other questionnaires. The purpose of this study was to translate and validate a German version of the Bournemouth questionnaire for neck pain patients. Methods German translation and back translation into English of the BQN was done independently by four persons and overseen by an expert committee. Face validity of the German BQN was tested on 30 neck pain patients in a single chiropractic practice. Test-retest reliability was evaluated on 31 medical students and chiropractors before and after a lecture. The German BQN was then assessed on 102 first time neck pain patients at two chiropractic practices for internal consistency, external construct validity, external longitudinal construct validity and sensitivity to change compared to the German versions of the Neck Disability Index (NDI and the Neck Pain and Disability Scale (NPAD. Results Face validity testing lead to minor changes to the German BQN. The Intraclass Correlation Coefficient for the test-retest reliability was 0.99. The internal consistency was strong for all 7 items of the BQN with Cronbach ?'s of .79 and .80 for the pre and post-treatment total scores. External construct validity and external longitudinal construct validity using Pearson's correlation coefficient showed statistically significant correlations for all 7 scales of the BQN with the other questionnaires. The German BQN showed greater responsiveness compared to the other questionnaires for all scales. Conclusions The German BQN is a valid and reliable outcome measure that has been successfully translated and culturally adapted. It is shorter, easier to use, and more responsive to change than the NDI and NPAD.

  5. Evaluation of a Validated Food Frequency Questionnaire for Self-Defined Vegans in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyett, Patricia; Rajaram, Sujatha; Haddad, Ella H.; Sabate, Joan

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to develop and validate a de novo food frequency questionnaire for self-defined vegans in the United States. Diet histories from pilot samples of vegans and a modified ‘Block Method’ using seven selected nutrients of concern in vegan diet patterns, were employed to generate the questionnaire food list. Food frequency responses of 100 vegans from 19 different U.S. states were obtained via completed mailed questionnaires and compared to multiple telephone-conducted diet recall interviews. Computerized diet analyses were performed. Correlation coefficients, t-tests, rank, cross-tabulations, and probability tests were used to validate and compare intake estimates and dietary reference intake (DRI) assessment trends between the two methods. A 369-item vegan-specific questionnaire was developed with 252 listed food frequency items. Calorie-adjusted correlation coefficients ranged from r = 0.374 to 0.600 (p vegans). This vegan-specific questionnaire can be a useful assessment tool for health screening initiatives in U.S. vegan communities. PMID:25006856

  6. Reliability and validity of the Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire in Spanish.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez-Cuadrado, Isabel; Gavilan, Javier; Perez-Mora, Rosa; Muñoz, Elena; Lassaletta, Luis

    2015-07-01

    The Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire (NCIQ) is a specific and quantifiable self-assessment health-related quality of life (QoL) questionnaire. It was developed to determine the subjective benefits of a cochlear implant (CI). The present study aimed to determine the validity and reliability of the NCIQ in Spanish. Seventy-six adult, Spanish speaking, CI users and 28 control subjects answered the NCIQ. Reliability of the questionnaire was determined using Cronbach's ? coefficient and the validity established using Pearson's correlation coefficient. All questionnaire respondents performed significantly better in all sub-domains with a cochlear implant than before cochlear implantation. The Cronbach's ? score exceeded 0.70 in most sub-domains and the total score. The objective measures: bisyllables tested without lip-reading and with masking; and bisyllables, tested without lip-reading and without masking were correlated with the sub-domain 'advanced sound perception'. To determine health-related QoL the NCIQ in Spanish is a reliable self-assessment questionnaire and a valuable instrument in determining the subjective benefit of a CI. PMID:24609736

  7. Validity of automated threshold audiometry : a systematic review and meta-analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Mahomed, Faheema; Swanepoel, De Wet; Eikelboom, Robert H.; Soer, Maggi E. (Magdalena Elizabeth)

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVES : A systematic literature review and meta-analysis on the validity (test–retest reliability and accuracy) of automated threshold audiometry compared with the gold standard of manual threshold audiometry was conducted. DESIGN : A systematic literature review was completed in peer-reviewed databases on automated compared with manual threshold audiometry. Subsequently a meta-analysis was conducted on the validity of automated audiometry. METHODS : A multiface...

  8. Validation of the Danish version of the Patient Assessment of Care for Chronic Conditions questionnaire (PACIC)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sokolowski, Ineta; Maindal, Helle Terkildsen

    Objective: To evaluate the level of chronic care patients must be involved. The Danish version of the 20-item Patient Assessment of Care for Chronic Conditions PACIC questionnaire consisting of 5 scales and an overall summary score measuring patient reported assessment of structured chronic care has not been evaluated with regard to psychometric properties. This study aims to assess data quality and internal consistency and to validate the proposed factorial structure. Materials and methods: Setting: Diabetes population receiving chronic care in Denmark. Subjects: A total of 624 patients aged 18 or more with type1 or type2 diabetes sampled in a national register of people with diabetes. They were sent a Danish version of the PACIC. Main outcome measures: Data quality (mean, median, item response, missing, floor and ceiling effects), internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha and average interitem correlation), item-rest correlations. Model fit from confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Results: We present the psychometric properties of the questionnaire and the first results evaluating chronic care in Danish people with diabetes. Conclusions: The complexity of validation is greater when the same questionnaire is constructed and applied to different countries with diverse cultural backgrounds and health care systems. It is decisive, that translated questionnaires are validated in country they are used.

  9. Validation of the historical adulthood physical activity questionnaire (HAPAQ against objective measurements of physical activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McDermott Christopher J

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Lifetime physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE is an important determinant of risk for many chronic diseases but remains challenging to measure. Previously reported historical physical activity (PA questionnaires appear to be reliable, but their validity is less well established. Methods We sought to design and validate an historical adulthood PA questionnaire (HAPAQ against objective PA measurements from the same individuals. We recruited from a population-based cohort in Cambridgeshire, UK, (Medical Research Council Ely Study in whom PA measurements, using individually calibrated heart rate monitoring, had been obtained in the past, once between 1994 and 1996 and once between 2000 and 2002. 100 individuals from this cohort attended for interview. Historical PA within the domains of home, work, transport, sport and exercise was recalled using the questionnaire by asking closed questions repeated for several discrete time periods from the age of 20 years old to their current age. The average PAEE from the 2 periods of objective measurements was compared to the self-reported data from the corresponding time periods in the questionnaire. Results Significant correlations were observed between HAPAQ-derived and objectively measured total PAEE for both time periods (Spearman r = 0.44; P Conclusions HAPAQ demonstrates convergent validity for total PAEE and vigorous PA. This instrument will be useful for ranking individuals according to their past PA in studies of chronic disease aetiology, where activity may be an important underlying factor contributing to disease pathogenesis.

  10. Validity and reliability of the Malay version of WHO Women's Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saddki, Norkhafizah; Sulaiman, Zaharah; Ali, Siti Hawa; Tengku Hassan, Tengku Nur Fadzilah; Abdullah, Sarimah; Ab Rahman, Azriani; Tengku Ismail, Tengku Alina; Abdul Jalil, Rohana; Baharudin, Zabedah

    2013-08-01

    The Women's Health and Life Experiences questionnaire measures the prevalence, health implications, and risk factors for domestic violence. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the validity and reliability of the Malay version of World Health Organization (WHO) Women's Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire. Construct validity and reliability assessment of the Malay version of the questionnaire was done on 20 specific items that measure four types of intimate partner violence (IPV) act; controlling behaviors (CB), emotional violence (EV), physical violence (PV), and sexual violence (SV), which were considered as the domains of interest. Face-to-face interviewing method was used for data collection. A total of 922 women completed the interviews. The results showed that exploratory factor analysis of four factors with eigenvalues above 1 accounted for 63.83% of the variance. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that all items loaded above 0.40 and the majority of items loaded on factors that were generally consistent with the proposed construct. The internal consistency reliability was good. The Cronbach's ? values ranged from 0.767 to 0.858 across domains. The Malay version of WHO Women's Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire is a valid and reliable measure of women's health and experiences of IPV in Malaysia. PMID:23508088

  11. The validity of a questionnaire-based epidemiological study of occupational dermatosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carstensen, Ole; Rasmussen, Kurt

    2006-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of a questionnaire and medical anamnesis to identify persons with dermatitis in an occupational setting. The design was a clinical epidemiological cross-sectional study. The study was performed between the second and fourth week of January 2001. A questionnaire was followed a week later by a medical occupational interview and a clinical dermatological examination, including a comprehensive patch test with potential workplace chemicals. The anamnesis and the clinical examination were made independently by occupational and dermatological physicians, and the skin examination was performed blinded to anamnestic data. The setting was the mother plants of a Danish-based international company producing wind turbine systems. The study population was a workplace cohort, highly exposed to epoxy resin systems and other chemicals, and totalled 724 production workers at 4 facilities. The rate of participation was 84.7%. Using enquete questions of current skin rash againstthe clinical presence of dermatitis, we found a sensitivity of 22% and a specificity of 89%, compared to 45% and 87%, respectively, when the anamnestic work history, taken by an occupational physician, was the screening parameter. Using 'workplace periodic prevalence' of dermatitis, we found sensitivities in the range of 63-76% by a questionnaire and 70-83% by medical anamnesis. Questionnaire screening by skin symptoms gave the highest values for redness, a sensitivity of 33% and a specificity of 76%, and decreasing validity parameters as more symptoms were added to the list of screening questions. We found that the use of a questionnaire and medical anamnesis were problematic, when the purpose was screening for contact dermatitis and allergy, in this industrial cohort manufacturing reinforced plastic products. But these instruments might be useful for epidemiological surveillance, when the questionnaire has been validated in the given occupational setting.

  12. Evidence for the validity and reliability of the ALS assessment questionnaire: The ALSAQ-40

    OpenAIRE

    Jenkinson, C.; Fitzpatrick, R.; Brennan, C.; Swash, M.

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to assess the validity and reliability of a new disease specific measure of health-related quality of life for ALS/MND: the 40-item ALS Assessment Questionnaire (ALSAQ-40). DESIGN: We carried out a longitudinal postal survey. The two administrations of the questionnaire were separated by 3 months SAMPLE: Subjects were patients diagnosed with ALS/MND and registered with the UK MND Association. RESULTS: Dimensions of the ALSAQ-40 were shown to have high ...

  13. Validation of a maternal questionnaire on correlates of physical activity in preschool children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inskip Hazel M

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Valid measures of physical activity correlates in preschool children are lacking. This study aimed to assess the validity, factor structure and internal consistency of a maternal questionnaire on potential correlates of four-year-old children's physical activity. Methods The questionnaire was designed to measure the following constructs: child personal factors; parental support and self-efficacy for providing support; parental rules and restrictions; maternal attitudes and perceptions; maternal behaviour; barriers to physical activity; and the home and local environments. Two separate studies were conducted. Study I included 24 mothers of four-year-old children who completed the questionnaire then participated in a telephone interview covering similar items to the questionnaire. To assess validity, the agreement between interview and questionnaire responses was assessed using Cohen's kappa and percentage agreement. Study II involved 398 mothers of four-year-old children participating in the Southampton Women's Survey. In this study, principal components analysis was used to explore the factor structure of the questionnaire to aid future analyses with these data. The internal consistency of the factors identified was assessed using Cronbach's alpha. Results Kappa scores showed 30% of items to have moderate agreement or above, 23% to have fair agreement and 47% to have slight or poor agreement. However, 89% of items had fair agreement as assessed by percentage agreement (? 66%. Limited variation in responses to variables is likely to have contributed to some of the low kappa values. Six questions had a low kappa and low percentage agreement (defined as poor validity; these included questions from the child personal factors, maternal self-efficacy, rules and restrictions, and local environment domains. The principal components analysis identified eleven factors and found several variables to stand alone. Eight of the composite factors identified had acceptable internal consistency (? ? 0.60 and three fell just short of achieving this (0.60 > ? > 0.50. Conclusion Overall, this maternal questionnaire had reasonable validity and internal consistency for assessing potential correlates of physical activity in young children. With minor revision, this could be a useful tool for future research in this area. This, in turn, will aid the development of interventions to promote physical activity in this age group.

  14. Development and validation of a screening instrument for bipolar spectrum disorder: The Mood Disorder Questionnaire Thai version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waleeprakhon P

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Punjaporn Waleeprakhon,1 Pichai Ittasakul,1 Manote Lotrakul,1 Pattarabhorn Wisajun,1 Sudawan Jullagate,1 Terence A Ketter2 1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; 2Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA Background: The Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ has been translated to many languages and has been used in many countries as a screening instrument for bipolar disorder. The main objective of this study was to evaluate validity of the Thai version of the MDQ as a screening instrument for bipolar disorder in a psychiatric outpatient sample, and to determine its optimum question #1 item threshold value for bipolar disorder.Methods: The English language Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ was translated into Thai. The process involved back-translation, cross-cultural adaptation, field testing of the prefinal version, as well as final adjustments. Two hundred and fifty major depressive disorder outpatients were further assessed by the Thai version of the MDQ and the Thai version of the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI. During the assessment, reliability and validity analyses, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC analysis were performed.Results: The Thai version of the MDQ screening had adequate internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha =0.791, omega total =0.68, and omega hierarchical =0.69. The optimal question #1 item threshold value was at least five positive items, which yielded adequate sensitivity (76.5%, specificity (72.7%, positive predictive value (74.3%, and negative predictive value (75.0%. The ROC area under the curve (AUC for this study was 0.82 (95% confidence interval: 0.70 to 0.90.Conclusion: The Thai version of the MDQ had some useful psychometric properties for screening for bipolar disorder in a mood disorder clinic setting, with a recommended question #1 item threshold value of at least five positive items. Keywords: Thai MDQ, screening test, reliability, predictive validity, cutoff point

  15. Validation of a Nurses' Views on Electronic Medical Record Systems (EMR) Questionnaire in Turkish Health System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Top, Mehmet; Yilmaz, Ali; Karabulut, Erdem; Otieno, Ochieng George; Saylam, Melahat; Bak?r, Sevgi; Top, Sümbül

    2015-06-01

    Using of EMR in health services and organizations is steadily increasing for quality improvement, cost effectiveness and performance development. However, no validated national and international instruments (scale, questionnaire, index, and inventory) have assessed the effectiveness, satisfaction, health care savings, patient safety and cost minimization of electronic medical and health systems from the viewpoint and perceptions of nurses in Turkish health services. The perceptions of health care professionals especially physicians and nurses can contribute important information that may predict their acceptance of EMR and desired mode of use for EMR, evaluation performance of EMR thus guiding EMR implementation in hospitals. This article is a report of validation of the instrument to measure nurses' views on the use, quality and user satisfaction with EMR in Turkish health system. Items in the questionnaire were designed and obtained following O.G. Otieno, H. Toyama, M. Asonuma, M. Kanai-Pak, K. Naitoh's questionnaire about Use, Quality and User Satisfaction with EMR systems. Reliability and validity were examined and investigated in terms of responses from 487 nurses from one education hospital in Ankara, Turkey. This study was planned and conducted at a university hospital. The validation process was based on construct validity in this study. The response rate was 74.92 %. Cronbach's alphas of three factors (use, quality and satisfaction of EMR) ranged from 0.78 to 0.94. Goodness-of-fit indices from the confirmatory factor analysis showed a reasonable model fit. Results of confirmatory factor analysis showed that ?(2) statistic indicated significant result (p?validation of the instrument could yield positive results in health systems in the different countries. Also further validation and reliability studies could be planned on physicians and other health professionals. PMID:25957164

  16. Temporomandibular disorders among Brazilian adolescents: reliability and validity of a screening questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana Lucia, FRANCO-MICHELONI; Giovana, FERNANDES; Daniela Aparecida de Godoi, GONÇALVES; Cinara Maria, CAMPARIS.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) screeners assume significant item overlap with the screening questionnaire proposed by the American Academy of Orofacial Pain (AAOP). Objective: To test the reliability and validity of the Portuguese version of AAOP questions for TMD screening among adolescents. [...] Material and Methods: Diagnoses from Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) Axis I were used as reference standard. Reliability was evaluated by internal consistency (KR-20) and inter-item correlation. Validity was tested by sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, accuracy and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, the relationship between the true-positive rate (sensitivity) and the false-positive rate (specificity). Test-retest reliability of AAOP questions and intra-examiner reproducibility of RDC/TMD Axis I were tested with kappa statistics. Results: The sample consisted of 1307 Brazilian adolescents (56.8% girls; n=742), with mean age of 12.72 years (12.69 F/12.75 M). According to RDC/TMD, 397 [30.4% (32.7% F/27.3% M)] of adolescents presented TMD, of which 330 [25.2% (27.6% F/22.2% M)] were painful TMD. Because of low consistency, items #8 and #10 of the AAOP questionnaire were excluded. Remaining items (of the long questionnaire version) showed good consistency and validity for three positive responses or more. After logistic regression, items #4, #6, #7 and #9 also showed satisfactory consistency and validity for two or more positive responses (short questionnaire version). Both versions demonstrated excellent specificity (about 90%), but higher sensitivity for detecting painful TMD (78.2%). Better reproducibility was obtained for the short version (k=0.840). Conclusions: The Portuguese version of AAOP questions showed both good reliability and validity for the screening of TMD among adolescents, especially painful TMD, according to RDC/TMD.

  17. Validity and reliability of the Persian version of the multiple sclerosis quality of life questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghaem H

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: To translate and test the reliability and validity of the Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Questionnaire (MSQoL-54 in Iranian MS patients. Setting and Design: Using a standard "forward-backward" translation, cognitive debriefing and cultural adaptation procedure, the English version of the MSQoL-54 was translated to Persian which is the Iranian official language. Materials and Methods: The subjects were multiple sclerosis (MS patients referred to Motaharri clinic, Shiraz, South of Iran. Demographic data were recorded. Epidemiological data concerning MS type, duration of the disease, Functional System Score (FSS and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS of patients were also provided by a qualified neurologist. Statistical Analysis: The reliability of the questionnaire was assessed by Cronbach?s alpha coefficient. Construct validity was assessed through factor analysis. Factor analysis was performed to determine that the Persian version is a two-dimensional measure including physical and mental parameters. Results: Multiple sclerosis patients (female:106 (75.2%, male:35 (24.8%, with a mean±SD age of 32.2±9.8 years were enrolled in the study. Cronbach?s ? was 0.962. There were no significant differences between each item and the mean of physical and mental scores of MSQoL-54, regarding sex, marital status and education. There was a negative significant correlation between EDSS and physical health, role limitation due to physical problems, pain, energy, health perception, social function, cognitive function, health distress, overall Quality of Life. The scaling success rates were 100%, demonstrating convergent validity of each scale. Factor analysis confirmed the construct validity of the questionnaire. Conclusions: The Persian version of the MSQoL-54 questionnaire has a good structural characteristic, it is a reliable and valid instrument and can be used for measuring the effect of MS on the Quality of Life.

  18. Validity of two common asthma-specific quality of life questionnaires: Juniper mini asthma quality of life questionnaire and Sydney asthma quality of life questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Apfelbacher Christian

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study explored the psychometric properties (internal consistency, construct validity, discriminative ability of the Juniper Mini Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (Mini AQLQ-J and the Sydney Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ-S. Methods One hundred fourty-six adults (18–45?years with asthma requiring regular inhaled corticosteroids were recruited to a trial of written emotional disclosure. Correlational analyses were performed to understand the relationship of the two measures with each other, with symptoms, lung function, asthma control, asthma bother and generic quality of life. Median quality of life scores were compared according to gender, health care usage and levels of asthma severity. Results AQLQ-J and AQLQ-S total scores correlated strongly with each other (rho?=??0.80 and moderately with the EuroQol Current Health Status Scale (AQLQ-J: rho?=?0.35; AQLQ-S: rho?=??0.40. Domain score correlations between AQLQ-J and AQLQ-S were mostly moderate (0.50?rho? Both QoL measures were significantly correlated with symptom score. Correlations with the symptom score asthma module (AQLQ-J: rho?=??0.69; AQLQ-S: rho?=?0.50 were stronger compared with the total symptom score and the symptom score rhinitis module (AQLQ-J: rho?=??0.41; AQLQ-S: rho =0.31. Neither QoL measure was significantly correlated with FEV1, % predicted at the total or the domain level. Total scores of both measures were significantly correlated with subjective asthma control (AQLQ-J: rho?=?0.68; AQLQ-S: rho?=??0.61 and asthma bother (AQLQ-J: rho?=??0.73; AQLQ-M: rho?=?0.73. Total AQLQ-J score and total AQLQ-S score were significantly associated with perceived asthma severity (AQLQ-J: p=0.004, AQLQ-S: p=0.002 and having visited a GP in the past four months (AQLQ-J: p=0.003, AQLQ-S: p=0.002. Conclusions This study provides further evidence for the validity of the AQLQ-J and the AQLQ-S in a British population of adult patients with asthma managed in primary care. Correlations with lung function parameters were weak or absent. Correlations with generic quality of life were moderate, those with asthma symptoms, asthma control and asthma bother were strong. Both measures are able to discriminate between levels of asthma severity and health care usage.

  19. Validation of the Greek Translation of the Nursing Dimensions Inventory questionnaire (NDI-35

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evagelia Kotrotsiou

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available 800x600 Context: The concept of care is a fundamental issue in nursing science. Therefore the development and the use of tools for assessing care is an imperative for the nursing profession. The NDI-35 questionnaire is one such tool for assessing the nursing care. Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to adapt and use the NDI-35 questionnaire in Greek nursing practice. A translation and validation of NDI-35 questionnaire is performed. Methods: Exploratory factor analyses, as well as internal consistency and test–retest analyses, were conducted. Forward translations from English were produced by three independent Greek translators and then back translations by five independent bilingual translators. The Greek NDI-35 questionnaire that was produced was administered to 200 nurses (144 women and 56 men from tertiary and secondary health care facilities. Data were analyzed using principal component analysis and Cronbach’s alpha. Results: One hundred and eighty four nurses that answered the NDI-35 questionnaire were graduates from the Technological Educational Institute (T.E.I. and 64% of the respondents had more than 15 years of professional experience. Two subscales arbitrarily called “clinical work” and “patient needs” emerged, with the mean “clinical work” subscale score being at 70.16 ±12.90 (a maximum of 85 and mean “patient needs” subscale at 21.49± 6.16. Considerable differences in scoring among different items were observed when the NDI-35 answers were compared to their Greek counterparts’. Results confirmed that: (a the translated versions are an accurate translation of the original, (b factor analyses established similar factor solutions as that of the English versions, (c reliability coefficients are satisfactory (i.e., Cronbach's ? coefficients and test–retests, and (d construct validity revealed similarities between English and Greek versions, replications consistent with past research, as well as differences explained through theoretical frameworks. Therefore, both scales were accepted as valid and reliable measures in Greek-speaking populations. Conclusion: Alphas and test-retest correlation suggest the Greek translated and validated NDI-35 questionnaire is a reliable tool for assessing nursing care. Factor analysis and focus group input suggest it is a valid tool. Nurses in different settings may perceive nursing care differently. The findings of the current paper are discussed in the context of nurse education and assessment of care. Normal 0 false false false EL X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4

  20. Validation of the Questionnaire for Eudaimonic Well-being in a South African context / L. Boshoff

    OpenAIRE

    Boshoff, Lusilda

    2012-01-01

    Explicating the nature and concomitants of eudaimonic well-being is currently at the forefront of research on a fulfilling life and functioning well. However, the strength of research conducted on constructs is dependent on the quality of instrumentation. In view of this notion, Waterman et al. (2010) developed the Questionnaire for Eudaimonic Well-Being (QEWB) to operationalise their conceptualisation of eudaimonic well-being and explored the scale’s validity in American student samples. I...

  1. Validation of a food frequency questionnaire to measure intakes of inulin and oligofructose

    OpenAIRE

    Whelan, Kevin; Dunn, Sasha; Datta, Artika; Kallis, Sophia; Law, Emma; Myers, Clio

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background and Objectives: Inulin and oligofructose are prebiotic carbohydrates associated with numerous health benefits. The aim of this study was to accurately measure inulin and oligofructose intakes and to develop and validate a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Subjects and Methods: A 7-d semi-weighed food diary (FD) was used to measure intakes in 66 healthy subjects. A 23-item FFQ was developed to measure short-term inulin and oligofructose intakes over the sam...

  2. Psychophysiological associations between chronic tinnitus and sleep: a cross validation of tinnitus and insomnia questionnaires

    OpenAIRE

    Schecklmann, Martin; Pregler, Maximilian; Kreuzer, Peter M.; Poeppl, Timm B.; Lehner, Astrid; Cro?nlein, Tatjana; Wetter, Thomas C.; Frank, Elmar; Landgrebe, Michael; Langguth, Berthold

    2014-01-01

    Background.The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of insomnia in chronic tinnitus and the association of tinnitus distress and sleep disturbance. Methods.We retrospectively analysed data of 182 patients with chronic tinnitus who completed the Tinnitus Questionnaire (TQ) and the Regensburg Insomnia Scale (RIS). Descriptive comparisons with the validation sample of the RIS including exclusively patients with primary/psychophysiological insomnia, correlation analyses of the RI...

  3. A population-based psychometric validation study of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire - Hebrew version

    OpenAIRE

    AlanApter; IlanaFarbstein; ItzhakLevav; StephenZLevine

    2010-01-01

    This study presents the psychometric properties of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-Hebrew version (SDQ-H), used in the Israel Survey on Mental Health among Adolescents (ISMEHA). The SDQ-H was administered to a representative sample of 611 adolescents and their mothers. Structural validity was evaluated by exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and the Development and Well-Being Assessment inventory (DAWBA) was used as "gold standard" to test convergent and discrim...

  4. Reliability and validity of the Korean standard pattern identification for stroke (K-SPI-Stroke) questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Kang Byoung-Kab; Park Tae-Yong; Lee Ju; Moon Tae-Woong; Ko Mi; Choi Jiae; Lee Myeong

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background The present study was conducted to examine the reliability and validity of the ‘Korean Standard Pattern Identification for Stroke (K-SPI-Stroke)’, which was developed and evaluated within the context of traditional Korean medicine (TKM). Methods Between September 2006 and December 2010, 2,905 patients from 11 Korean medical hospitals were asked to complete the K-SPI-Stroke questionnaire as a part of project ' Fundamental study for the standardization and objectificatio...

  5. Reproducibility and relative validity of a food-frequency questionnaire for French-speaking Swiss adults

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Marques-Vidal; Alastair Ross; Emma Wynn; Serge Rezzi; Fred Paccaud; Bernard Decarli

    2011-01-01

    Background : Due to the distinct cultural and language differences that exist in Switzerland, there is little information on the dietary intake among the general Swiss population. Adequately assessing dietary intake is thus paramount if nutritional epidemiological studies are to be conducted. Objective : To assess the reproducibility and validity of a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) developed for French-speaking Swiss adults. Design : A total of 23 men and 17 women (43.1±2.0 years) ...

  6. Validation of the psychosocial impact of dental aesthetics questionnaire (Pidaq) in Spanish adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Montiel-company, Jose? M.; Bellot-arci?s, Carlos; Almerich-silla, Jose? M.

    2012-01-01

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of the Spanish version of PIDAQ for application in adolescents. Study Design: The questionnaire was translated, cross-culturally adapted and completed by 627 adolescents (366 12-year-olds and 261 15-year-olds). The adolescents were also examined by 4 examiners who had been calibrated against a gold standard and relative to each other (Kappa >0.85) in determining treatment need with the Dental Aesthetic Index ...

  7. Validation of a manual ability questionnaire in patients with systemic sclerosis.

    OpenAIRE

    Vanthuyne, Marie; Smith, Vanessa; Arat, Seher; Westhovens, René; De Keyser, Filip; Houssiau, Frédéric; Thonnard, Jean-Louis; Vandervelde, Laure

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To adapt and validate a manual ability questionnaire, the ABILHAND, developed through the Rasch methodology in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHODS: The original version of the ABILHAND, which includes 81 manual daily activities, was presented to 156 patients with SSc. They were asked to provide their perceived difficulty in performing each manual activity on a 3-level scale: impossible, difficult, or easy. Items were selected from well-established psychometric criteria....

  8. Reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Organizational Justice Questionnaire.

    OpenAIRE

    Inoue, A; Kawakami, N.; Tsutsumi, A.; Shimazu, A.; Tsuchiya, M; Ishizaki, M.; Tabata, M.(Chiba University, 263-8522, Chiba, Japan); Akiyama, M.; Kitazume, A.; Kuroda, M; Kivimäki, M

    2009-01-01

    Previous European studies reporting low procedural justice and low interactional justice were associated with increased health problems have used a modified version of the Moorman's Organizational Justice Questionnaire (OJQ, Elovainio et al., 2002) to assess organizational justice. We translated the modified OJQ into the Japanese language and examined the internal consistency reliability, and factor-based and construct validity of this measure. A back-translation procedure confirmed that the ...

  9. Metacognitive beliefs in primary insomnia: developing and validating the Metacognitions Questionnaire--Insomnia (MCQ-I).

    OpenAIRE

    Waine, J.; Broomfield, Nm; Banham, S.; Espie, Ca

    2009-01-01

    Patients with Primary insomnia often experience intrusive, worrisome cognitive activity in the pre-sleep period. Metacognitive beliefs may explain this yet no valid reliable scale exists. The present study, therefore, developed the Metacognitions Questionnaire--Insomnia (MCQ-I). Following initial metacognitive insomnia profiling interviews, item refinement produced a preliminary 60-item MCQ-I. This was administered to 34 primary insomniacs and 37 normal sleepers. Psychometric data indicate pr...

  10. Turkish Validation and Adaptation of Children’s Chronotype Questionnaire (CCTQ)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dursun, Onur Burak; Ogutlu, Hakan; Esin, Ibrahim Selcuk

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Chronotype refers to the time of the day that a person’s physical and cognitive functions are active. Simply this is a circadian phase preference of a person. While some of the people are morning active (so called larks) others are more active at nights (The owls). The study of circadian rhythms, known as chronobiology, is all about the metabolic and psychiatric differences between people who have different chronotypes. A few tests are used to determine chronotypes. The CCTQ (Children’s Chronotype Questionnaire) is a parent-report, 27-item mixed format questionnaire measuring chronotype of children in multiple domains : the midsleep point on free days (MSF), a morningness/eveningness scale(M/E) score, and a five-point chronotype (CT) score. The aim of this study is adapting Children’s Chronotype Questionnaire (CCTQ) into Turkish language and validating the instrument in Turkish population. Materials and Methods: 101 children aged nine through eighteen constitude the sample of the study. The sample was composed of clinical (n=51) and community groups (n=50). CCTQ and Morningness Eveningness Scale for Children (MESC) questionnaires were applied to children and parents, then the CCTQ and MESC scores were compared to examine the validity of CCTQ. Results: The internal consistency and external validity of the Turkish CCTQ was sufficient to compare MESC-Turkish. As a result of this research carried out in accordance with methodological research principles, correlation between the M/E scores of CCTQ and MESC was significant. Conclusion: The Turkish version of CCTQ has been found to be valid and reliable in Turkish children. PMID:25745346

  11. Validation of the Danish translation of the Medicine Knowledge Questionnaire among elementary school children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramzan, Sara; Hansen, Ebba Holme

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is a lack of instruments which can be used to quantitatively assess school children's knowledge about medicine in different countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to validate the Danish translation of a school children's medicine knowledge questionnaire developed in Finland. METHODS: A total of 685 children from 37 Danish elementary schools, aged 10-14 years, participated in a validation study. Test-retest and inter-rater reliability, as well as known-group-validity of the translated instrument were investigated. Significance level was set at P ? 0.05. RESULTS: For test-retest reliability, Spearman r correlation coefficients for correct knowledge score between the two rounds was 0.433, P < 0.001. For inter-rater reliability, kappa for agreement in correct knowledge score ratings between the two raters was 0.202. For known-group validity, a multivariate linear regression model was run for correct knowledge scores, and it significantly explained 9.2% of variance (R square 0.092, P< 0.001). Gender, school grade and use of medicine for asthma were significant predictors in the model. CONCLUSIONS: The translated questionnaire showed a fair test-retest and inter-rater reliability, as well as acceptable known-group validity. In order to be reliably used in further studies to evaluate school children's knowledge about medicine in Denmark, the methodic of knowledge scoring in the instrument is warranted.

  12. Identifying dyspepsia in the Greek population: translation and validation of a questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theodorakis Pavlos N

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Studies on clinical issues, including diagnostic strategies, are considered to be the core content of general practice research. The use of standardised instruments is regarded as an important component for the development of Primary Health Care research capacity. Demand for epidemiological cross-cultural comparisons in the international setting and the use of common instruments and definitions valid to each culture is bigger than ever. Dyspepsia is a common complaint in primary practice but little is known with respect to its incidence in Greece. There are some references about the Helicobacter Pylori infection in patients with functional dyspepsia or gastric ulcer in Greece but there is no specific instrument for the identification of dyspepsia. This paper reports on the validation and translation into Greek, of an English questionnaire for the identification of dyspepsia in the general population and discusses several possibilities of its use in the Greek primary care. Methods The selected English postal questionnaire for the identification of people with dyspepsia in the general population consists of 30 items and was developed in 1995. The translation and cultural adaptation of the questionnaire has been performed according to international standards. For the validation of the instrument the internal consistency of the items was established using the alpha coefficient of Chronbach, the reproducibility (test – retest reliability was measured by kappa correlation coefficient and the criterion validity was calculated against the diagnosis of the patients' records using also kappa correlation coefficient. Results The final Greek version of the postal questionnaire for the identification of dyspepsia in the general population was reliably translated. The internal consistency of the questionnaire was good, Chronbach's alpha was found to be 0.88 (95% CI: 0.81–0.93, suggesting that all items were appropriate to measure. Kappa coefficient for reproducibility (test – retest reliability was found 0.66 (95% CI: 0.62–0.71, whereas the kappa analysis for criterion validity was 0.63 (95% CI: 0.36–0.89. Conclusion This study indicates that the Greek translation is comparable with the English-language version in terms of validity and reliability, and is suitable for epidemiological research within the Greek primary health care setting.

  13. Reliability and construct validity of the Malay version of the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edimansyah, B A; Rusli, B N; Naing, L; Mazalisah, M

    2006-03-01

    The JCQ has been shown to be a valid and reliable instrument to assess job stress in many occupational settings worldwide. In Malaysia, both the English and validated Malay versions have been employed in studies of medical professionals and laboratory technicians, respectively. The present study assessed the reliability and construct validity of the Malay version of the JCQ among automotive workers in Malaysia. Fifty workers of a major automotive manufacturer in Kota Bharu, Kelantan consented to participate in the study and were administered the Malay version of the JCQ. Translation (English-Malay) and back translation (Malay-English) of the JCQ was made to ensure the face validity of the questionnaire. Reliability was determined using Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency, whilst construct validity was assessed using exploratory factor analysis (principal component with varimax rotation). The results indicate that the Cronbach's alpha coefficients were acceptable for decision latitude (job control or decision authority) (0.74) and social support (0.79); however, it was slightly lower for psychological job demand (0.61). Exploratory factor analysis showed 3 meaningful common factors that could explain the 3 theoretical dimensions or constructs of Karasek's demand-control-social support model. In conclusion, the results of the validation study suggested that the JCQ scales are reliable and valid for assessing job stress in a population working in the automotive industry. Further analyses are necessary to evaluate the stability and concurrent validity of the JCQ. PMID:17125008

  14. The validity and reliability of the Moroccan version of the Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srifi, Najlaa; Bahiri, Rachid; Rostom, Samira; Bendeddouche, Imad; Lazrek, Noufissa; Hajjaj-Hassouni, Najia

    2013-01-01

    The Revised Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ-R) is an updated version of the FIQ attempts to address the limitations of the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ). As there is no Moroccan version of the FIQ-R available, we aimed to investigate the validity and reliability of a Moroccan translation of the FIQR in Moroccan fibromyalgia (FM) patients. After translating the FIQR into Moroccan, it was administered to 80 patients with FM. All of the patients filled out the questionnaire together with Arabic version of short form-36 (SF-36). The tender-point count was calculated from tender points identified by thumb palpation. Three days later, FM patients filled out the Moroccan FIQR at their second visit. The test-retest reliability of the Moroccan FIQR questions ranged from 0.72 to 0.87. The test and retest reliability of total FIQR score was 0.84. Cronbach's alpha was 0.91 for FIQR visit 1 (the first assessment) and 0.92 for FIQR visit 2 (the second assessment), indicating acceptable levels of internal consistency for both assessments. Significant correlations for construct validity were obtained between the Moroccan FIQ-R total and domain scores and the subscales of the SF-36 (FIQR total versus SF-36 physical component score and mental component score were r = -0.69, P Moroccan FIQ-R showed adequate reliability and validity. This instrument can be used in the clinical evaluation of Moroccan and Arabic-speaking patients with FM. PMID:22290412

  15. Validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Ruminative Thought Style Questionnaire

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    hasan turan karatepe

    2013-01-01

    Results: In the study of reliability with correlation analysis, it was observed that the internal consistency of the questionnaire was high (Cronbach alpha= 0.907. Principal components analysis identified 5 items over the eigenvalue of 1. After principal components analysis was applied, scree plot analysis revealed that the Turkish version of the RTS had one component, and this explained 63.43% of the total variance. In our study, the total point test-retest correlation factor of the scale was calculated as r=0.84 (p<0.01. This correlation value shows a strong relationship between the two measurements. In order to search for the convergent validity of the RTS, the correlation between the LESS-rumination sub-scale and the Metacognitions Questionnaire was examined and meaningful relations were found. For the divergent validity, there appeared to be meaningful negative relationship between the scores of the RTS and the LESS- Acceptance of Feelings and Comprehensibility sub-scales. Conclusions: This study shows that the Ruminative Thought Style Questionnaire can be used as a valid and reliable scale in a Turkish population.

  16. Reliability and validity of the Activity Questionnaire for Adults and Adolescents (AQuAA

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    van Zuidam Mariska

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Accurate measures of physical activity are highly needed. We evaluated the test-retest reliability and construct validity of the self-report Activity Questionnaire for Adults and Adolescents (AQuAA. The AQuAA is a commonly used questionnaire in Dutch youth. Methods In the test-retest reliability study, 53 adolescents and 58 adults completed the AQuAA twice, with an interval of two weeks. In the validity study, 33 adolescents and 47 adults wore an accelerometer (Actigraph during two weeks, and subsequently completed the AQuAA. Results In adolescents the test-retest reliability was fair to moderate (intraclass correlations (ICCs ranging from 0.30 to 0.59. In adults the test-retest reliability was fair to moderate for the time spent on sedentary, light and moderate intensity activities (ICCs ranging from 0.49 to 0.60, but poor for time spent on vigorous activities (ICC = -0.005. The correlations between the AQuAA and Actigraph were low and nonsignificant. Compared with the Actigraph, time spent on all physical activities was significantly higher according to the questionnaire (except for light intensity activities in adolescents, while time spent on sedentary behaviours was significantly lower. Conclusion Reliability of the AQuAA is fair to moderate. The validity of the AQuAA compared to an accelerometer is poor. Both adolescents and adults underestimate the time spent on sedentary behaviours and overestimate the time spent on physical activities.

  17. Consent to electroconvulsive therapy: investigation of the validity of a competency questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, B A; Glancy, G D

    1994-12-01

    A valid consent is a necessary precondition to the administration of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). However, the assessment of mental competence to consent may be both complicated and controversial because neither case law nor statutes provide a clear description of the necessary mental abilities. The closest approximation in the literature is that derived from judicial commentary on the relevant case law and summarized into four standards. We designed a 15-item questionnaire to define and test the content or essential elements of each of these standards, and surveyed lawyers and health care professionals with known expertise or interest in the field to investigate the content validity of the questionnaire. Of the 15 items, 12 were rated important or essential to the assessment of competence to consent to ECT by > or = 67% of the lawyers and 11 were so rated by > or = 67% of the health professionals. Ten items were rated as important or essential by > or = 67% of both groups. Only two items were not so endorsed by > or = 67% of one of the groups. We conclude that the questionnaire has a satisfactory content validity and may be considered a general guideline for assessing competence to consent to ECT. PMID:7850398

  18. Validity of the Japanese version of the Munich ChronoType Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitamura, Shingo; Hida, Akiko; Aritake, Sayaka; Higuchi, Shigekazu; Enomoto, Minori; Kato, Mie; Vetter, Céline; Roenneberg, Till; Mishima, Kazuo

    2014-08-01

    To assess circadian preference with a score, the Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) has been used for more than 3 decades now. More recently, the Munich ChronoType Questionnaire (MCTQ) was developed: it asks for sleep-wake behavior on work and free days and uses the midpoint of sleep on free days (MSF), corrected for sleep debt accumulated during the work week as an indicator of chronotype (MSFsc). In this study, we developed a Japanese version of the MCTQ by using a translation/back-translation approach including an examination of its semantic validity. In a subsequent questionnaire survey, 450 adult men and women completed the Japanese versions of the MCTQ and MEQ. Results showed that MEQ scores were significantly negatively correlated with mid-sleep parameters assessed by the MCTQ, on both, work and free days, as well as with the chronotype measure MSFsc (r?=?-0.580 to -0.652, all p?validation study using dim light melatonin onset as a circadian phase marker (N?=?37) showed a high correlation between chronotype as assessed with the MSFsc (r?=?0.542, p?validity of the Japanese MCTQ and provide further support of the adequacy of the MCTQ as a chronotype measure. PMID:24824747

  19. Adaptation, Validity and Reliability of the Body Sensations Questionnaire Turkish Version

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    Aysegül KART

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ. Method: BSQ was administered to 122 patients with panic disorder. BSQ Turkish version completed by translation, back-translation and pilot assessment. Socio-demographic Data Form and BSQ Turkish version were administered to participants. Construct validity was assesed by factor analysis after Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO and Bartlett tests applied. Principal component analysis and varimax rotation used for factor analysis. Results: 66% (n=80 of the participants were female and 34% (n=42 were male. The mean age of participants was 31,7±10,8 years and age range was 18-58 years. Internal consistency of the questionnaire was calculated 0,921 by Cronbach alpha. In analysis performed by split-half method reliability coefficients of half questionnaire were found as 0,889 and 0,850. Again spearmen-brown coefficient was found as 0,849 by the same analysis. Factor analysis revealed five basic factors. 75,2% of the total variance was explained with these five factors. Conclusion: The results of this study show that the Turkish version of BSQ is a reliable and valid scale for measuring the fear of the bodily sensations associated with panic.

  20. Reliability and validity of job content questionnaire for university research laboratory staff in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nehzat, F; Huda, B Z; Tajuddin, S H Syed

    2014-03-01

    Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) has been proven a reliable and valid instrument to assess job stress in many countries and among various occupations. In Malaysia, both English and Malay versions of the JCQ have been administered to automotive workers, schoolteachers, and office workers. This study assessed the reliability and validity of the instrument with research laboratory staff in a university. A cross sectional study was conducted among 258 research laboratory staff in Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). Malaysian laboratory staff who have worked for at least one year were randomly selected from nine faculties and institutes in the university that have research laboratory. A self-administered English and Malay version of Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) was used. Three major scales of JCQ: decision latitude, psychological job demands, and social support were assessed. Cronbach's alpha coefficients of two scales were acceptable, decision latitude and psychological job demands (0.70 and 0.72, respectively), while Cronbach's alpha coefficient for social support (0.86) was good. Exploratory factor analysis showed five factors that correspond closely to the theoretical construct of the questionnaire. The results of this research suggest that the JCQ is reliable and valid for examining psychosocial work situations and job strain among research laboratory staff. Further studies should be done for confirmative results, and further evaluation is needed on the decision authority subscale for this occupation. PMID:24968690

  1. Scoring and psychometric validation of the Perception of Anticoagulant Treatment Questionnaire (PACT-Q©

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    Essers B

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The 'Perception of Anti-Coagulant Treatment Questionnaire' (PACT-Q was developed to assess patients' expectations of, and satisfaction with their anticoagulant treatment. This questionnaire needs to be finalised and psychometrically validated. Methods The PACT-Q was included in the United States, the Netherlands and France into three phase III multinational clinical trials conducted to evaluate efficacy and safety of a new long-acting anticoagulant drug (idraparinux compared to vitamin K antagonist (VKA. PACT-Q was administered to patients with deep venous thrombosis (DVT, atrial fibrillation (AF or pulmonary embolism (PE at Day 1, to assess patients' expectations, and at 3 and 6 months to assess patients' satisfaction and treatment convenience and burden. The final structure of the PACT-Q (Principal Component Analysis – PCA – with Varimax Rotation was first determined and its psychometric properties were then measured with validity of the structure (Multitrait analysis, internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha coefficients and known-group validity. Results PCA and multitrait analyses showed the multidimensionality of the "Treatment Expectations" dimension, comprising 7 items that had to be scored independently. The "Convenience" and "Burden of Disease and Treatment" dimensions of the hypothesised original structure of the questionnaire were combined, thus resulting in 13 items grouped into the single dimension "Convenience". The "Anticoagulant Treatment Satisfaction" dimension remained unchanged and included 7 items. All items of the "Convenience" and "Anticoagulant Treatment Satisfaction" dimensions displayed good convergent and discriminant validity. The internal consistency reliability was good, with a Cronbach's alpha of 0.84 for the "Convenience" dimension, and 0.76 for the "Anticoagulant Treatment Satisfaction" dimension. Known-group validity was good, especially with regard to occurrence of thromboembolic events within 3 months from randomisation. Conclusion The PACT-Q is a valid and reliable instrument that allows the assessment of patients' expectations and satisfaction regarding anticoagulant treatment, as well as their opinion about treatment convenience of use. Its two-part structure – assessment of expectations at baseline in the first part, and of convenience, burden and treatment satisfaction in the second – was validated and displays good and stable psychometric properties. These results are not sufficient to recommend the use of satisfaction as primary endpoint in clinical trials; further validation work is needed to support the interpretation of PACT-Q dimension scores. However, this first validation makes the PACT-Q an appropriate measure for use in clinical and pharmacoepidemiological research, as well as in real-life studies. Trial Registration (ClinicalTrials.gov numbers, NCT00067093, NCT00062803 and NCT00070655.

  2. Reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Chronic Heart Failure Questionnaire

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    Emel Y?lmaz

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Any disease specific Health Related Quality of Life Instrument for Chronic Heart Failure (CHF is lacking in Turkey. The aim of this study is to adapt the Chronic Heart Failure Questionnaire (CHQ into Turkish and probe the reliability and validity of this questionnaire. Methods: There are four dimensions of this 20 items scale. These dimensions are: dyspnea (5 items, fatigue (4 items, emotional status (7 items and mastery (4 items. Response options were evaluated using a 7 -point Likert type scale. Quality of life (QOL improves as the score increases. A total of 205 CHF patients hospitalized in the Department of Cardiology of Ege University hospital were enrolled in this study. The CHQ was applied to the patients twice with a wash-out period of 15 days. Confirmatory approach was used during the reliability and validity analysis. Cronbach alpha test was used for the reliability analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA was used for the construct validity testing. NYHA classification for testing the criterion validity; SF-36 and WHOQOL-100 General Health and QOL facet for convergent validity testing of the Turkish version of the CHQ were used. Responsiveness to change was evaluated by Effect Size analysis by using test-retest data. Results: The range of Cronbach alpha values is 0.72-0.94. A considerable ceiling and floor effects were observed for the dyspnea dimension of the scale but no problematic items were observed for the entire scale. The CFA results supported the original four factors scale structure. Criterion and construct validity rebuts were satisfactory. Effect sizes obtained among dimensions of the CHQ were between 0.13 and 0.56. Conclusion: Overall results revealed that Turkish version of the CHQ is a reliable and valid instrument to be used for the evaluation of CHF patients.

  3. Adaptation and validation of the Spanish version of the Clinical Impairment Assessment Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín, Josune; Padierna, Angel; Unzurrunzaga, Anette; González, Nerea; Berjano, Belén; Quintana, José M

    2015-08-01

    The Clinical Impairment Assessment (CIA) assesses psychosocial impairment secondary to an eating disorder. The aim of this study was to create and validate a Spanish-language version of the CIA. Using a forward-backward translation methodology, we translated the CIA into Spanish and evaluated its psychometric characteristics in a clinical sample of 178 ED patients. Cronbach's alpha values, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and correlations between the CIA and the Eating Attitudes Test-12 and the Health-Related Quality of Life in ED-short form questionnaires evaluated the reliability, construct validity, and convergent validity, respectively. Known-groups validity was also studied comparing the CIA according to different groups; responsiveness was assessed by means of effect sizes. Data revealed a three-factor structure similar to that of the original CIA. Cronbach alpha coefficient of 0.91 for the total CIA score supported its internal consistency and correlations with other instruments demonstrated convergent validity. The total CIA score and factor scores also significantly discriminated between employment status, evidencing known-groups validity. Responsiveness parameters showed moderate changes for patients with restrictive eating disorders. These findings suggest that the CIA can be reliably and validly used in Spain in a number of different clinical contexts, by researchers and clinicians alike. PMID:25839732

  4. Validation and practical implementation of a multidisciplinary cancer distress screening questionnaire

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: In order to identify cancer patients with psychosocial needs during radiotherapy, a routine screening questionnaire is widely recommended in the literature. Several tools focusing mainly on psychological issues have been developed during the past decade. However, problems with their implementation into clinical routine have been repeatedly reported, due to a lack of practicability for clinicians and nurses. This study reports the compilation of a multidisciplinary screening questionnaire and an analysis of the effectiveness of its implementation into clinical routine at the Department of Radiotherapy, Medical University of Vienna. Materials and methods: The screening questionnaire is based on a compilation of several subscales from established and validated assessment tools. It focuses on comprehensive information with high a clinical relevance for all professions. In a pilot study, patients' acceptance was assessed qualitatively. Analysis of missing screening data in consecutively admitted patients reflects the effectiveness of implementation and representativity of the data. A validation analysis of the psychological subscales was performed using external criteria and its internal consistency was tested with Cronbachs' ?. Results: Qualitative patient acceptance of the screening questionnaire is good. The overall response rate in the screening procedure was 75 %. Missing patient screening data sets arose randomly - mainly due to organizational problems -- mainly due to organizational problems - and did not result in systematic errors. The psychological subscales identify highly distressed patients with a sensitivity of 89 and 78 %, and an internal consistency of 0.843 and 0.617. Conclusion: The multidisciplinary screening questionnaire compiled in this study has a high patient acceptance, provides reliable and representative data and identifies highly distressed patients with excellent sensitivity. Although requiring additional personnel resources, it can be implemented successfully in clinical routine with benefits for both the patient and the professional team. (orig.)

  5. Validation and practical implementation of a multidisciplinary cancer distress screening questionnaire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirchheiner, K.; Czajka, A.; Komarek, E.; Hohenberg, G.; Poetter, R. [Medical University of Vienna (Austria). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Ponocny-Seliger, E. [Sigmund Freud Private University, Vienna (Austria). Dept. of Psychology; Doerr, W. [Medical University of Vienna (Austria). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Medical University of Vienna (Austria). Christian Doppler Laboratory for Medical Radiation Research for Radiation Oncology

    2013-07-15

    Background: In order to identify cancer patients with psychosocial needs during radiotherapy, a routine screening questionnaire is widely recommended in the literature. Several tools focusing mainly on psychological issues have been developed during the past decade. However, problems with their implementation into clinical routine have been repeatedly reported, due to a lack of practicability for clinicians and nurses. This study reports the compilation of a multidisciplinary screening questionnaire and an analysis of the effectiveness of its implementation into clinical routine at the Department of Radiotherapy, Medical University of Vienna. Materials and methods: The screening questionnaire is based on a compilation of several subscales from established and validated assessment tools. It focuses on comprehensive information with high a clinical relevance for all professions. In a pilot study, patients' acceptance was assessed qualitatively. Analysis of missing screening data in consecutively admitted patients reflects the effectiveness of implementation and representativity of the data. A validation analysis of the psychological subscales was performed using external criteria and its internal consistency was tested with Cronbachs' {alpha}. Results: Qualitative patient acceptance of the screening questionnaire is good. The overall response rate in the screening procedure was 75 %. Missing patient screening data sets arose randomly - mainly due to organizational problems - and did not result in systematic errors. The psychological subscales identify highly distressed patients with a sensitivity of 89 and 78 %, and an internal consistency of 0.843 and 0.617. Conclusion: The multidisciplinary screening questionnaire compiled in this study has a high patient acceptance, provides reliable and representative data and identifies highly distressed patients with excellent sensitivity. Although requiring additional personnel resources, it can be implemented successfully in clinical routine with benefits for both the patient and the professional team. (orig.)

  6. Reliability and Validity of Beliefs about Substance Use (BSU Questionnaire in Alcohol Dependent Patients.

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    Selçuk ASLAN

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective: In this study, it is aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Beliefs About Substance Use Questionnaire (BSU which was originally developed by Wright (1993. Method: Seventy alcohol addicted inpatients, who were admitted to Ankara D??kap? Y?ld?r?m Beyaz?t Education and Research Hospital Psychiatry Clinic, 31 healthy volunteers who had never used alcohol and 33 social drinkers were evaluated. For all groups, BSU and Craving Beliefs Questionnaire (CBQ, for the patient groups, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI, Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment (CIWA, Dysfunctional Attitudes Questionnaire (DAS and Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ were used as the assessment tools. The correlations and differences between the questionnaires were studied. Results: Mean age of the addicted patients, healthy controls and social drinkers were 42,3± 7,0, 33,5± 9,9 and 33,2± 8,9, respectively. In patient group, mean BSU score was 46,4 ± 21,2. For alcohol addicts, internal reliability of BSU was found to be adequate (Cronbach alfa=0.91 and item-total score correlations were between 0.33 and 0.69. Basic component analysis showed one basic factor. A positive correlation has been found between BSU and CBQ, and ATQ scores. No correlations have been found between total and subscale scores of DAS and total scores of CIWA, BAI and BSU. In evaluation of validity, BSU mean scores of alcohol addicts were found to be significantly higher than healthy controls and social drinkers. Conclusion: Our findings support that Turkish version of BSU is an adequate tool that can be used to evaluate alcohol addicted patients` cognitive believes about alcohol use

  7. Validity and reliability of short form-12 questionnaire in Iranian hemodialysis patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pakpour, Amir H.; Nourozi, Saeedeh

    2011-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess the validity and reliability of the SF-12 questionnaire in a sample of Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and forty-four hemodialysis patients were included from dialysis centers in Zanjan, Iran, and were asked to complete the SF-12 and SF-36 questionnaires. An initial test-retest reliability evaluation was performed on a sample of 70 patients from the total group, with a retest interval of 14 days. Reliability was estimated by internal consistency and validity was assessed using known-group comparisons and construct validity on the patient group as a whole. A linear regression analysis was used to assess any variation in the physical component summary and mental component summary scores of the SF-36 with the respective component summary scores of the SF-12. In addition, the factor structure of the questionnaire was extracted by performing a confirmatory factor analysis. RESULTS: Cronbach alpha for physicaland mental component summaries were 0.89 and 0.90, respectively. The SF-12 showed a good discriminatory ability between subgroups of patients based on demographic and clinical variables. The confirmatory factor analysis for the original two-factor structure showed a good fit index (chi2 = 23.30, degrees of freedom = 13), goodness-of-fit index = 0.96, and root mean squared error of approximation = 0.079). CONCLUSIONS: In general, the SF-12 has good psychometric properties and can be used as a shorter version of the SF-36 questionnaire in future studies involving Iranian patients undergoing hemodialysis.

  8. Developing and Validating a Questionnaire to Measure Spirituality: A Psychometric Process

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    Nasrin Parsian

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the paper is to describe the processes undertaken to evaluate the psychometric properties of aquestionnaire developed to measure spirituality and examine the relationship between spirituality and coping in youngadults with diabetes.The specific validation processes used were: content and face validity, construct validity using factor analysis, reliabilityand internal consistency using test-retest reliability and Cronbach’s alpha correlation coefficient.The exploratory factor analysis revealed four factors: self-awareness, the importance of spiritual beliefs, spiritualpractices, and spiritual needs. The items on the Spirituality Questionnaire (SQ revealed factor loading $\\geq$0.5. Reliabilityprocesses indicated that the SQ is reliable: Cronbach’s alpha 0.94 for the global SQ and between 0.80-0.91 for the foursubscales. Test-retest statistic examination revealed stability of the responses at two time points 10 weeks apart.The final questionnaire consists of 29 items and the psychometrics indicated that it is valid and reliable.

  9. Validation of a Brief Questionnaire Measuring Positive Mindset in Patients With Uveitis

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    John A. Barry

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available AimIllness may impact the positivity of a person’s mindset. However, patients with visual impairment, such as uveitis, may struggle to complete questionnaires. The aim of this study was to validate a brief and simple measure of positive mindset in people with uveitis.MethodThis study was a cross-sectional survey of 200 people with uveitis. The Positive Mindset Index (PMI questionnaire uses six items to measure a patient’s happiness, confidence, sense of being in control, stability, motivation, and optimism. ResultsExploratory factor analysis revealed a well-fitting unidimensional factor structure (KMO = .898, with strong factor loadings (from .616 to .721 and excellent internal reliability (Cronbach’s ? = .926. The PMI showed strong concurrent validity with the mental health subscale of the SF-36 (r = .789 and good construct validity relative to the physical health subscale of the SF-36 (r = .468. Excellent test-retest reliability was seen (r = .806. Patients taking 10 mg or more corticosteroid daily had significantly lower PMI scores than those on a lower dose or no dose (t (170 = 2.298, p < .023.ConclusionThe PMI has good face validity and sound psychometric properties. It is a very brief and simple measure, thus user-friendly for patients with visual impairment, as well as researchers and others using the scale.

  10. Design and validity of a questionnaire to assess sexuality in pregnant women

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    Barbosa Angélica P

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A review of validated methods for assessing female sexual dysfunction and a review of male and female sexual dysfunction did not refer to any specific questionnaire for evaluating sexuality during pregnancy. A study was performed at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Botucatu Medical School, São Paulo State University, Brazil to design and validate a pregnancy sexuality questionnaire, the Pregnancy Sexual Response Inventory (PSRI. Methods Women with a singleton pregnancy between 10 and 35 weeks of gestation were randomly recruited. There were five phases in the development of the PSRI: (1 item selection; (2 item development; (3 determination of internal consistency, reliability and convergence; (4 content validity; and (5 determination of inter-interviewer reliability. Internal consistency and reliability were evaluated using Cronbach's alpha. Inter-interviewer reliability was assessed by evaluating the responses of 18 academics at various institutions, using Kappa Index and Student t test. Results Good internal consistency and reliability were obtained (Cronbach's alpha coefficient = 0.79. Among the 18 academics, 13 totally agreed (K = 1.0, three partially agreed (K = 0.67 and two disagreed (K = 0.33 with the proposed questions. Comparisons of the mean PSRI domain scores made between the primary investigators and the other interviewers showed no significant differences in all domains (p > 0.05. Conclusion PSRI is a new validated instrument for evaluating sexuality and sexual activity and related health concerns during pregnancy.

  11. Criterion validity of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) with inpatient adolescents.

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    Kovacs, Stephanie; Sharp, Carla

    2014-11-30

    Increasing rates of adolescent admissions to inpatient psychiatric settings and acute length of stay necessitates valid psychiatric screening tools. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) appears to have valuable clinical application due to its brevity and strong psychometric properties. In this study we aimed to evaluate the criterion validity of the SDQ in 159 psychiatric inpatients between the ages of 12-17 against the Computerized Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (CDISC). In determining the criterion validity of the SDQ against the CDISC-IV, we further sought to compare its classification accuracy with the DSM-oriented scales of two widely-used clinical screeners for children and adolescents, the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Youth Self Report (YSR). Results demonstrated comparable diagnostic accuracy for the three measures in detecting common emotional and behavioral disorders. Tentative clinical cutoffs were proposed specific to American adolescents for parent and youth reports. Sensitivity and specificity values are also reported and discussed. PMID:25048754

  12. Validity of a questionnaire measuring motives for choosing foods including sustainable concerns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sautron, Valérie; Péneau, Sandrine; Camilleri, Géraldine M; Muller, Laurent; Ruffieux, Bernard; Hercberg, Serge; Méjean, Caroline

    2015-04-01

    Since the 1990s, sustainability of diet has become an increasingly important concern for consumers. However, there is no validated multidimensional measurement of motivation in the choice of foods including a concern for sustainability currently available. In the present study, we developed a questionnaire that measures food choice motives during purchasing, and we tested its psychometric properties. The questionnaire included 104 items divided into four predefined dimensions (environmental, health and well-being, economic and miscellaneous). It was administered to 1000 randomly selected subjects participating in the Nutrinet-Santé cohort study. Among 637 responders, one-third found the questionnaire complex or too long, while one-quarter found it difficult to fill in. Its underlying structure was determined by exploratory factor analysis and then internally validated by confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability was also assessed by internal consistency of selected dimensions and test-retest repeatability. After selecting the most relevant items, first-order analysis highlighted nine main dimensions: labeled ethics and environment, local and traditional production, taste, price, environmental limitations, health, convenience, innovation and absence of contaminants. The model demonstrated excellent internal validity (adjusted goodness of fit index?=?0.97; standardized root mean square residuals?=?0.07) and satisfactory reliability (internal consistency?=?0.96, test-retest repeatability coefficient ranged between 0.31 and 0.68 over a mean 4-week period). This study enabled precise identification of the various dimensions in food choice motives and proposed an original, internally valid tool applicable to large populations for assessing consumer food motivation during purchasing, particularly in terms of sustainability. PMID:25529817

  13. Validation of the Global Health Professions Students Survey questionnaire in Italy

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    Maria Rosaria Gualano

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available

    Background: The World Health Organization, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, and the Canadian Public Health Association have developed the Global Health Professions Student Survey (GHPSS questionnaire in order to collect data on tobacco use and cessation counselling among health- profession students. The aims of the study were to evaluate the reliability and validity of the GHPSS questionnaire in Italy among health-profession students and to examine the prevalence of tobacco use, knowledge and attitudes to it and tobacco cessation training among students attending Italian medical schools using the standardised GHPSS approach.

    Methods: Before testing tobacco use prevalence, knowledge and attitudes, and tobacco cessation training, we calculated the Cronbach’s alpha to assess the internal validity with the intention of avoiding misleading results. The questionnaire was administered to 100 health-profession students and data were collected in March 2009, during regular class sessions among students of two Italian Schools of Medicine. The original GHPSS instrument was translated into the Italian language and modified by adding three specific questions regarding I the knowledge about the use of antidepressants, ii Acetylcholine Receptor Partial Agonists, and iii counselling techniques used in tobacco cessation programs. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 13.0, statistical software for windows.

    Results: Cronbach’s alpha was higher on 17 items (alpha= 0.872, belonging to section I and IV (respectively: “Tobacco Use Prevalenceú and “Behaviour/Cessationú. The addition, also, of only one more of the others items (sectionmade the alpha value worse. Cronbach’s alpha for section VI for all items together (n. 44 items was 0.815, which implies that the questionnaire had a very satisfactory internal validity. The prevalence of current smokers was 33%, while only 12% of students declared to be tobacco users. Interestingly, students who were tobacco users were 80% less likely to consider that health professionals needed training on smoking cessation techniques in comparison to non tobacco users.

    Conclusions: The questionnaire showed excellent reliability properties in the sample studied. In terms of internal consistency and validity, it appears to have an acceptable performance. Given the high prevalence of smokers among medical students, teaching them about the damages related to tobacco use, and how to help them quit smoking or tobacco use, emerged as important issues. Further studies to investigate these important issues, using a standardized method like GHPSS, are needed.

  14. Validation of an Estonian version of the Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lai Taavi

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Diagnosis and management of Parkinson's disease (PD rely heavily on evaluation of clinical symptoms and patients' subjective perception of their condition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity, acceptability, and reliability of the Estonian version of the 39-question Parkinson 's disease Questionnaire (PDQ-39. Methods Study subjects were approached during their regular clinic follow-up visits. 104 patients consented to the study and 81 completed questionnaires were used for subsequent testing of psychometric characteristics, validity and reliability. Results The content validity was assessed through qualitative content analysis during the pilot study. The patients indicated that the questions were relevant to measure the quality of life of people with PD. The analysis of means showed that the ceiling and floor effects of domain results were within the limits of 15% of Summary Index and of all domains except Stigma, Social Support and Communication where the ceiling effect was 16% to 24% of the responses. Convergent validity was interpreted through correlation between disease severity and PDQ-39 domains. There was a statistically significant difference between the domain scores in patients with mild versus moderate PD in domains of Mobility, ADL, and Communication but not for Stigma, Social Support and Cognition. The reliability was good, Cronbach alpha for all domains and summary index was over 0.8 and item-test correlations between domains and summary index ranged from 0.56 to 0.83. Conclusion The psychometric characteristics of an Estonian version of the PDQ-39 were satisfactory. The results of this study were comparable to the results of previous validation studies in other cultural settings in UK, USA, Canada, Spain and Italy. The Estonian version of the PDQ-39 is an acceptable, valid and reliable instrument for quality of life measurement in PD patients.

  15. Further international adaptation and validation of the Rheumatoid Arthritis Quality of Life (RAQoL) questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilburn, Jeanette; McKenna, Stephen P; Twiss, James; Rouse, Matthew; Korkosz, Mariusz; Jancovic, Roman; Nemec, Petr; Pacheco-Tena, César Francisco; Saraux, Alain; Westhovens, Rene; Durez, Patrick; Martin, Mona; Tammaru, Marika

    2015-04-01

    The Rheumatoid Arthritis Quality of Life (RAQoL) questionnaire was developed directly from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands to measure quality of life (QoL). Since then, it has become widely used in clinical studies and trials and has been adapted for use in 24 languages. The objective was to develop and validate 11 additional language versions of the RAQoL in US English, Mexican Spanish, Argentinean Spanish, Belgian French, Belgian Flemish, French, Romanian, Czech, Slovakian, Polish and Russian. The language adaptation and validation required three stages: translation, cognitive debriefing interviews and validation survey. The translation process involved a dual-panel methodology (bilingual panel followed by a lay panel). The validation survey tested the psychometric properties of the new scales and included either the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) or the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) as comparators. Internal consistency of the new language versions ranged from 0.90 to 0.97 and test-retest reliability from 0.85 to 0.99. RAQoL scores correlated as expected with the HAQ. Correlations with NHP sections were as expected: highest with energy level, pain and physical mobility and lowest with emotional reactions, sleep disturbance, and social isolation. The adaptations exhibited construct validity in their ability to distinguish subgroups of RA patients varying by perceived disease severity and general health. The new language versions of the RAQoL meet the high psychometric standards of the original UK English version. The new adaptations represent valid and reliable tools for measuring QoL in international clinical trials involving RA patients. PMID:25270915

  16. Development and psychometric validation of the veterinary service satisfaction questionnaire (VSSQ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woodcock, A; Barleggs, D

    2005-02-01

    In the absence of a widely available, psychometrically tested questionnaire for measuring satisfaction with UK veterinary services, the Veterinary Service Satisfaction Questionnaire (VSSQ) was developed. Items in the first draft were derived from a literature review, guidelines from professional bodies and interviews with pet owners and veterinarians. The questionnaire includes 72 satisfaction items, each with a five-option response format. A total of 183 domestic pet owners from three small animal practices (60% response rate) completed it by mail. Pilot testing and postal completion rates indicate the acceptability and relevance of the VSSQ. Principal components analyses of respondent ratings suggested that the VSSQ can be scored as five scales: general services, staff communication, vet communication, death of pet and vet technical abilities. Six further items are scored separately. Descriptive statistics are provided for individual items and scales. Subgroup differences are explored according to owners' demographic variables. The VSSQ demonstrates preliminary face and content validity, excellent internal consistency reliability in each of the five scales (Cronbach's alpha 0.93-0.97) and good construct validity: those who had recommended the practice to others had significantly higher scores. Scoring guidelines are provided for the VSSQ, which is now ready for use. PMID:15703008

  17. Pain-related Impairment of Daily Activities After Thoracic Surgery : A Questionnaire Validation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringsted, Thomas K; Wildgaard, Kim

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE:: Persistent postoperative pain is an acknowledged entity that reduces daily activities. Evaluation of the post-thoracotomy pain syndrome (PTPS) is often measured using traditional pain scales without in-depth questions on pain impairment. Thus, the purpose was to create a procedure-specific questionnaire for assessment of functional impairment due to PTPS. METHODS:: Activities were obtained from the literature supplemented by interviews with patients and surgeons. The questionnaire was validated using the Rasch model in order to describe an underlying pain impairment scale. RESULTS:: Four of 17 questions were redundant. The remaining 13 questions from low to intensive activity described functional impairment following persistent pain from thoracotomy and video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). No evidence for differential item functioning for gender, age or differences between open or VATS, were found. A generalized log-linear Rasch model including local dependence was constructed. Though local dependence influenced reliability, the test-retest reliability estimated under the log-linear Rasch model was high (0.88-0.96). Correlation with items from the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (quick) questionnaire supported validity (?=0.46, P

  18. Identification of adults with symptoms suggestive of obstructive airways disease: Validation of a postal respiratory questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hirsch Sybil

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Two simples scoring systems for a self-completed postal respiratory questionnaire were developed to identify adults who may have obstructive airways disease. The objective of this study was to validate these scoring systems. Method A two-stage design was used. All adults in two practice populations were sent the questionnaire and a stratified random sample of respondents was selected to undergo full clinical evaluation. Three respiratory physicians reviewed the results of each evaluation. A majority decision was reached as to whether the subject merited a trial of obstructive airways disease medication. This clinical decision was compared with two scoring systems based on the questionnaire in order to determine their positive predictive value, sensitivity and specificity. Results The PPV (positive predictive value of the first scoring system was 75.1% (95% CI 68.6–82.3, whilst that of the second system was 82.3% (95% CI 75.9–89.2. The more stringent second system had the greater specificity, 97.1% (95% CI 96.0–98.2 versus 95.3% (95% CI 94.0–96.7, but poorer sensitivity 46.9% (95% CI 33.0–66.8 versus 50.3% (95% CI 35.3–71.6. Conclusion This scoring system based on the number of symptoms/risk factors reported via a postal questionnaire could be used to identify adults who would benefit from a trial of treatment for obstructive airways disease.

  19. Validation of a Danish version of the Toronto Extremity Salvage Score questionnaire for patients with sarcoma in the extremities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sæbye, Casper; Safwat, Akmal Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The Toronto Extremity Salvage Score (TESS) questionnaire is a self-administered questionnaire designed to assess physical disability in patients having undergone surgery of the extremities. The aim of this study was to validate a Danish translation of the TESS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The TESS was translated according to international guidelines. A total of 22 consecutive patients attending the regular outpatient control programme were recruited for the study. To test their understanding of the questionnaires, they were asked to describe the meaning of five randomly selected questions from the TESS. The psychometric properties of the Danish version of TESS were tested for validity and reliability. To assess the test-retest reliability, the patients filled in an extra TESS questionnaire one week after they had completed the first one. RESULTS: Patients showed good understanding of the questionnaire. There was a good internal consistency for both the upper and lower questionnaire measured by Cronbach's alpha. A Bland-Altman plot showed acceptable limits of agreement for both questionnaires in the test-retest. There was also good intraclass correlation coefficients for both questionnaires. The validity expressed as Spearman's rank correlation coefficient comparing the TESS with the QLQ-C30 was 0.89 and 0.90 for the questionnaire on upper and lower extremities, respectively. CONCLUSION: The psychometric properties of the Danish TESS showed good validity and reliability. FUNDING: not relevant. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.

  20. Translation and validation of the German version of the weight self-stigma questionnaire (WSSQ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hain, Bernhard; Langer, Lorena; Hünnemeyer, Katharina; Rudofsky, Gottfried; Zech, Ulrike; Wild, Beate

    2015-04-01

    The experience of stigmatization is widespread among obese patients. The aim of the present study was to translate the English version of the weight self-stigma questionnaire (WSSQ) into German and to evaluate the psychometric properties of the German version in a sample of severely obese persons. Between March and June 2013, in the Outpatient Department of Obesity, University Hospital Heidelberg, 94 obese patients were recruited consecutively. A comprehensive questionnaire was completed by the participants. Significant correlations between WSSQ scores and mental quality of life, weight-related quality of life, depression, shame, guilt, and psychological distress all demonstrated the construct validity of the German version of the WSSQ. Patients with a BMI???50 showed a significantly higher self-stigma compared to patients with a BMI between 35 and 50. PMID:25663147

  1. International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and New Zealand Physical Activity Questionnaire (NZPAQ): A doubly labelled water validation

    OpenAIRE

    Rodgers Anthony; Vander Hoorn Stephen; Jiang Yannan; Ni Mhurchu Cliona; Maddison Ralph; Mm, Lawes Carlene; Rush Elaine

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background Accurate measurement of physical activity is a pre-requisite for monitoring population health and for evaluating effective interventions. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) is used as a comparable and standardised self-report measure of habitual physical activity of populations from different countries and socio-cultural contexts. The IPAQ has been modified to produce a New Zealand physical activity questionnaire (NZPAQ). The aim of this study was to ...

  2. Adaption and validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire for the Danish hospital setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kristensen, Solvejg; Sabroe, Svend; Bartels, Paul; Mainz, Jan; Christensen, Karl Bang

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Measuring and developing a safe culture in health care is a focus point in creating highly reliable organizations being successful in avoiding patient safety incidents where these could normally be expected. Questionnaires can be used to capture a snapshot of an employee’s perceptions of patient safety culture. A commonly used instrument to measure safety climate is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The purpose of this study was to adapt the SAQ for use in Danish hospitals, assess its construct validity and reliability, and present benchmark data. Materials and methods The SAQ was translated and adapted for the Danish setting (SAQ-DK). The SAQ-DK was distributed to 1,263 staff members from 31 in- and outpatient units (clinical areas) across five somatic and one psychiatric hospitals through meeting administration, hand delivery, and mailing. Construct validity and reliability were tested in a cross-sectional study. Goodness-of-fit indices from confirmatory factor analysis were reported along with inter-item correlations, Cronbach’s alpha (?), and item and subscale scores. Results Participation was 73.2% (N=925) of invited health care workers. Goodness-of-fit indices from the confirmatory factor analysis showed: c2=1496.76, Pmean scores was found within the somatic and the psychiatric samples. Conclusion SAQ-DK showed good construct validity and internal consistency reliability. SAQ-DK is potentially a useful tool for evaluating perceptions of patient safety culture in Danish hospitals. PMID:25674015

  3. Validation of the multimedia version of the RDC/TMD axis II questionnaire in Portuguese

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ricardo Figueiredo, Cavalcanti; Luciana Moraes, Studart; Maurício, Kosminsky; Paulo Sávio Angeiras de, Goes.

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to validate the multimedia version of the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) Axis II Questionnaire in Portuguese language. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample comprised 30 patients with signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disor [...] ders (TMD), evaluated at the Orofacial Pain Control Center of the Dental School of the University of Pernambuco, Brazil, between April and June 2006. Data collection was performed using the following instruments: Simplifed Anamnestic Index (SAI) and RDC/TMD Axis II written version and multimedia version. The validation process consisted of analyzing the internal consistency of the scales. Concurrent and convergent validity were evaluated by the Spearman's rank correlation. In addition, test and analysis of reproducibility by the Kappa weighted statistical test and Spearman's rank correlation test were performed. RESULTS: The multimedia version of the RDC/TMD Axis II questionnaire in Portuguese was considered consistent (Crombrach alpha = 0.94), reproducible (Spearman 0.670 to 0.913, p

  4. The physical therapy profile questionnaire (PTPQ: development, validation and pilot testing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grimmer-Somers Karen

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Country by country similarities and differences in physical therapy practice exists. Therefore, before updates in practice can be provided, such as trainings in evidence-based practice, it is necessary to identify the profile and nature of practice in a given country or setting. Following a search of the international literature, no appropriate tool was identified to collect and establish data to create the profile of physical therapy practice in the Philippines. We therefore developed, validated and pilot tested a survey instrument which would comprehensively describe the practice of physical therapy in the Philippines Findings We used a mixed methods design to answer our study aims. A focus group interview was conducted among a group of physical therapists to establish the content and contexts of items to be included in the survey instrument. Findings were amalgamated with the information from the literature on developing survey instruments/questionnaires. A survey instrument was drafted and named as the Physical Therapy Profile Questionnaire (PTPQ. The PTPQ was then validated and pilot tested to a different group of physical therapists. The final version consisted of five separate parts namely (A General information and demographics, (B Practice Profile, (C Treatment Preferences, (D Bases for clinical work and (E Bases for educational/research work. At present the PTPQ is relevant to the Philippines and could be used by any country which has a similar nature of practice with the Philippines. Conclusion The Physical Therapy Practice Questionnaire (PTPQ was shown to have good face and content validity among the Filipino physical therapists and their context of practice. It has also been found to be useful, easy to administer tool and in a format appealing to respondents. The PTPQ is expected to assist comprehensive data collection to create a profile of physical therapy practice in the Philippines.

  5. Validation of two global and generic quality of life questionnaires for population screening : SCREENQOL and SEQOL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ventegodt, SØren; Henneberg, Eskild

    2003-01-01

    Population screening may harm quality of life (QoL), and traditional health-related QoL tools could be inadequate to evaluate this risk. Two global and generic QoL instruments were developed for studying the QoL consequences of screening (SCREENQOL), and QoL variation in a normal population (SEQOL). SCREENQOL and SEQOL (Self-Evaluation of Quality of Life Questionnaire) are self-administered questionnaires with items rated on 5-point Likert scales. SCREENQOL consists of 21 items measuring QoL across 6 different dimensions based upon validated QoL questionnaires. SEQOL consists of 317 items measuring QoL across 8 different dimensions, based on an integrative theory of QoL, a theoretical framework from a Danish QoL survey involving 7,222 persons 31 to 33 years old. For further validation, SEQOL and SCREENQOL were sent to 2,460 persons 18 to 88 years old randomly selected from the Danish Central Person Register together with Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) and Sickness Impact Profile (SIP). For SCREENQOL and SEQOL, test-retest reliability correlation was both >0.8, Cronbach's alpha was 0.65 and 0.75, correlation (r) to NHP was 0.67 and 0.49, to SIP 0.46 and 0.27, respectively (p <0.05). Adjustment for health status made the correlation to SIP stronger among the sick (r = 0.68 and 0.41, respectively). For SCREENQOL and SEQOL, 61 and 111 respondents were needed to detect 3% difference in QoL. SCREENQOL and SEQOL are both valid as they show high levels of reliability, sensitivity, and consistency.

  6. Validation of the Intestinal Part of the Prostate Cancer Questionnaire 'QUFW94': Psychometric Properties, Responsiveness, and Content Validity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Several treatment options are available for patients with prostate cancer. Applicable and valid self-assessment instruments for assessing health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are of paramount importance. The aim of this study was to explore the validity and responsiveness of the intestinal part of the prostate cancer-specific questionnaire QUFW94. Methods and Materials: The content of the intestinal part of QUFW94 was examined by evaluation of experienced clinicians and reviewing the literature. The psychometric properties and responsiveness were assessed by analyzing HRQOL data from the randomized study Scandinavian Prostate Cancer Group 7 (SPCG)/Swedish Association for Urological Oncology 3 (SFUO). Subscales were constructed by means of exploratory factor analyses. Internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's alpha. Responsiveness was investigated by comparing baseline scores with the 4-year posttreatment follow-up. Results: The content validity was found acceptable, but some amendments were proposed. The factor analyses revealed two symptom scales. The first scale comprised five items regarding general stool problems, frequency, incontinence, need to plan toilet visits, and daily activity. Cronbach's alpha at 0.83 indicated acceptable homogeneity. The second scale was less consistent with a Cronbach's alpha at 0.55. The overall responsiveness was found to be very satisfactory. Conclusion: Two scales were identified in the bowel dimension of the QUFW94ified in the bowel dimension of the QUFW94; the first one had good internal consistency. The responsiveness was excellent, and some modifications are suggested to strengthen the content validity.

  7. Assessing teachers' positive psychological functioning at work: Development and validation of the Teacher Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renshaw, Tyler L; Long, Anna C J; Cook, Clayton R

    2015-06-01

    This study reports on the initial development and validation of the Teacher Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (TSWQ) with 2 samples of educators-a general sample of 185 elementary and middle school teachers, and a target sample of 21 elementary school teachers experiencing classroom management challenges. The TSWQ is an 8-item self-report instrument for assessing teachers' subjective wellbeing, which is operationalized via subscales measuring school connectedness and teaching efficacy. The conceptualization and development processes underlying the TSWQ are described, and results from a series of preliminary psychometric and exploratory analyses are reported to establish initial construct validity. Findings indicated that the TSWQ was characterized by 2 conceptually sound latent factors, that both subscales and the composite scale demonstrated strong internal consistency, and that all scales demonstrated convergent validity with self-reported school supports and divergent validity with self-reported stress and emotional burnout. Furthermore, results indicated that TSWQ scores did not differ according to teachers' school level (i.e., elementary vs. middle), but that they did differ according to unique school environment (e.g., 1 middle school vs. another middle school) and teacher stressors (i.e., general teachers vs. teachers experiencing classroom management challenges). Results also indicated that, for teachers experiencing classroom challenges, the TSWQ had strong short-term predictive validity for psychological distress, accounting for approximately half of the variance in teacher stress and emotional burnout. Implications for theory, research, and the practice of school psychology are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:25642703

  8. Short form of the Changes in Outlook Questionnaire: Translation and validation of the Chinese version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zang Yinyin

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Changes in Outlook Questionnaire (CiOQ is a self-report instrument designed to measure both positive and negative changes following the experience of severely stressful events. Previous research has focused on the Western context. The aim of this study is to translate the short form of the measure (CiOQ-S into simplified Chinese and examine its validity and reliability in a sample of Chinese earthquake survivors. Method The English language version of the 10-item CiOQ was translated into simplified Chinese and completed along with other measures in a sample of earthquake survivors (n?=?120. Statistical analyses were performed to explore the structure of the simplified Chinese version of CiOQ-S (CiOQ-SCS, its reliability and validity. Results Principal components analysis (PCA was conducted to test the structure of the CiOQ-SCS. The reliability and convergent validity were also assessed. The CiOQ-SCS demonstrated a similar factor structure to the English version, high internal consistency and convergent validity with measures of posttraumatic stress symptoms, anxiety and depression, coping and social support. Conclusion The data are comparable to those reported for the original version of the instrument indicating that the CiOQ-SCS is a reliable and valid measure assessing positive and negative changes in the aftermath of adversity. However, the sampling method cannot permit us to know how representative our samples were of the earthquake survivor population.

  9. Development and validation of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire to assess nutritional status in Korean adults

    OpenAIRE

    Na, Youn Ju; Lee, Seon Heui

    2012-01-01

    This study was performed to evaluate the validity of the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), which is being used at the Samsung Medical Center. In total, 305 (190 males and 115 females) participants consented and completed the 3-day diet records and FFQ. Age, gender and energy-adjusted and de-attenuated correlations ranged from 0.317 (polyunsaturated fatty acid) to 0.748 (carbohydrate) with a median value of 0.550. The weighted kappa value ranged from 0.18 (vitamin A) to 0.57 (carbohydrate) w...

  10. Short form of the Changes in Outlook Questionnaire: Translation and validation of the Chinese version

    OpenAIRE

    Zang Yinyin; Hunt Nigel C; Cox Tom; Joseph Stephen

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background The Changes in Outlook Questionnaire (CiOQ) is a self-report instrument designed to measure both positive and negative changes following the experience of severely stressful events. Previous research has focused on the Western context. The aim of this study is to translate the short form of the measure (CiOQ-S) into simplified Chinese and examine its validity and reliability in a sample of Chinese earthquake survivors. Method The English language version of the 10-item CiO...

  11. The criterion validity of the Waring Intimacy Questionnaire in a psychiatric inpatient sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, G J; Barnes, S M; Waring, E M

    1988-01-01

    The Waring Intimacy Questionnaire (WIQ) is a 90-item self-report instrument for assessing the quality and quantity of marital intimacy. It provides a profile of the marital relationship on eight subscales as well as providing a Total Intimacy score. The WIQ is shown to have the internal structure predicted by its underlying conceptual model. In this study, it was administered to a psychiatric inpatient sample along with the Marital Satisfaction Inventory (MSI), the Short Marital Adjustment Test (SMAT), and the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS). Results suggested that the WIQ demonstrated criterion validity with respect to these other instruments. PMID:3398063

  12. Validación colombiana del cuestionario de Berlín / Colombian validation of the Berlin questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Irina Goretty, Polanía-Dussan; Franklin, Escobar-Córdoba; Javier, Eslava-Schmalbach; Nikolaus C, Netzer.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Antecedentes. El síndrome de apnea hipopnea obstructiva del sueño es un cuadro clínico con múltiples comorbilidades y complicaciones. Habitualmente no se diagnostica, por lo cual se debe contar con herramientas que permitan identificar a los pacientes con alto riesgo; entre ellas se encuentr [...] a el cuestionario de Berlín. Objetivo. Validar el cuestionario de Berlín en Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Se tomaron individuos que acudieron a centros de sueño en Bogotá y estudiantes universitarios. Seis fases: traducción y retrotraducción del cuestionario de Berlín original, validación de apariencia (expertos, n=14), consistencia interna (n=212), validez de criterio y discriminante (n=212) con polisomnografía paralela, reproducibilidad (n=74). Resultados. El cuestionario de Berlín validado localmente tiene una sensibilidad del 87%, especificidad del 70%, valor predictivo positivo del 98%, valor predictivo negativo del 21%, LR+ 2,9, LR- de 18 y un área bajo la curva de 0,7856. La consistencia interna obtuvo un coeficiente alfa de Cronbach de 0,7257. La reproducibilidad encontró un kappa de 0,8150 (Prob>Z=0,0000). Conclusiones. El cuestionario de Berlín está adaptado a las condiciones de vida urbana de la población adulta colombiana, es sensible, específico y tiene una alta reproducibilidad y consistencia interna, de tal manera que es confiable, válido y se correlaciona con la polisomnografía, en forma clínica y estadísticamente significativa. Abstract in english Summary Background. Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome is a clinical picture with multiple comorbidities and complications. Usually it is not diagnosed,therefore there must be tools that can identify patients at high risk. Among them the Berlin Questionnaire. Objective. Validate Berlin questi [...] onnaire in Colombia. Materials and methods. Individuals who attended sleep centers in Bogotá and college students were studied. Six phases: translation and back translation of the original Berlin Questionnaire, validating appearance (experts, n=14), internal consistency (n=212), and discriminant validity criteria (n=212) with parallel polysomnography, reproducibility (n=74). Results. Berlin Questionnaire has a sensitivity of 87%, specificity 70%, positive predictive value 98 %, negative predictive value 21 %, LR+ 2.9, LR- 18 and an area under the curve of 0,7856. Internal consistency was a Cronbach's alpha coefficient 0,7257. The reproducibility found at kappa of 0.8150 (Prob>Z=0,0000). Conclusions. Berlin Questionnaire is now adapted to urban living conditions in the Colombian adult population, it is sensitive, specific and has a high reproducibility and internal consistency, so that is reliable, valid and correlates with polysomnography in the form clinically and statistically significant.

  13. The reliability, validity, and preliminary responsiveness of the Eye Allergy Patient Impact Questionnaire (EAPIQ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Jeff

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Eye Allergy Patient Impact Questionnaire (EAPIQ was developed based on a pilot study conducted in the US and focus groups with eye allergy sufferers in Europe. The purpose of this study was to present the results of the psychometric validation of the EAPIQ. Methods One hundred forty six patients from two allergy clinics completed the EAPIQ twice over a two-week period during the fall and winter allergy seasons, along with concurrent measures of health status, work productivity, and utility. Construct validity, reliability (internal consistency and test-retest, concurrent, known-group, and clinical validities, and responsiveness of the EAPIQ were assessed. Known-group validity was assessed by comparing EAPIQ scale scores between patients grouped according to their self-rating of ocular allergy severity (no symptoms, very mild, mild, moderate, severe, very severe. Clinical validity was assessed by assessing differences in EAPIQ scores between groups of patients rated by their clinician as non-symptomatic, mild, moderate, and severe. Results and Discussion Results from the validation study suggested the deletion of 14 of 43 items (including embedded questions that required patients to complete the percentage of time they were troubled by something (daily activity limitations/emotional troubles. These items yielded a significant amount of missing or inconsistent data (50%. The resulting factor analysis suggested four domains: symptoms, daily life impact, psychosocial impact, and treatment satisfaction. When included as separate scales, the symptom-bother and symptom-frequency scales were highly correlated (> 0.9. As a consequence, and due to superior discriminative validity, the symptom bother and frequency items were summed. All items met the tests for item convergent validity (item-scale correlation = 0.4. The success rate for item discriminant validity testing was 97% (item-scale correlation greater with own scale than with any other. The criterion for internal consistency reliability (alpha coefficient ? 0.70 was met for all EAPIQ scales (range 0.89–0.93, as was the criterion for test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation [ICC] ? 0.70. Largely moderate correlations between the scales of the EAPIQ and the mini Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (miniRQLQ and low correlations with the Health Utilities Index 2/3 (HUI2/3 were indicative of satisfactory concurrent validity. The EAPIQ symptoms, Daily Life Impact, and Psychosocial Impact scales were able to distinguish between patients differing in eye allergy symptom severity, as rated by patients and clinicians, providing evidence of satisfactory known-group and clinical validities, respectively. Preliminary analyses indicated the EAPIQ Symptoms, Daily Life Impact, and Psychosocial Impact scales to be responsive to changes in eye allergies. Conclusion Following item reduction, construct validity, reliability, concurrent validity, known-group validity, and preliminary responsiveness were satisfactory for the EAPIQ in this population of ocular allergy patients.

  14. Development, Validation and Application of a Modified Arabic Translation of the What Is Happening in This Class? (WIHIC) Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacLeod, Cheri; Fraser, Barry J.

    2010-01-01

    This article reports the development, translation, validation and application of a modified Arabic version of a modified form of the What Is Happening In this Class? (WIHIC) questionnaire. When parallel Arabic and English versions of this questionnaire were field tested with a sample of 763 college students in 82 classes, the WIHIC exhibited sound…

  15. Assessing the Validity and Reliability of a Questionnaire on Dietary Fibre-related Knowledge in a Turkish Student Population

    OpenAIRE

    Deniz, Melike S.; Alsaffar, Ayten A.

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to validate a questionnaire on dietary fibre (DF)-related knowledge in a Turkish student population. Participants (n=360) were either undergraduate students who have taken a nutrition course for 14 weeks (n=174) or those in another group who have not taken such a nutrition course (n=186). Test-retest reliability, internal reliability, and construct validity of the questionnaire were determined. Overall internal reliability (Cronbach's alpha=0.90) and test-retest reliability (...

  16. Is questionnaire information valid in the study of a chronic disease such as diabetes? The Nord-Trøndelag diabetes study.

    OpenAIRE

    Midthjell, K.; Holmen, J.; Bjørndal, A.; Lund-larsen, G.

    1992-01-01

    STUDY OBJECTIVE--The aim was to validate information about diabetes mellitus collected by questionnaire in a large epidemiological survey. DESIGN--Questions on diabetes diagnosis, medical treatment for diabetes, diabetes duration, and hypertension treatment were selected from the Nord-Trøndelag health survey questionnaires. One of the municipalities was selected for the validation study. SETTING--The health survey 1984-86 addressed all inhabitants > or = 20 years of age in Nord-Trøndelag co...

  17. The validation of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire in selected organisations in South Africa

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    Sebastiaan Rothmann

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to assess the construct equivalence of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ, and to investigate the manifestation of job satisfaction at selected organisations in South Africa. A cross-sectional survey design with a random sample (N = 474 was used. The MSQ and a biographical questionnaire were administered. The results confirmed a two-factor model of job satisfaction, consisting of extrinsic job satisfaction and intrinsic job satisfaction. Exploratory factor analysis with target rotations conf rmed the construct equivalence of scales for the black and white groups. The results obtained from comparing job satisfaction levels of various demographic groups showed that practically significant differences existed between the job satisfaction of different age and race groups.

    How to cite this article:

    Buitendach, J.H., & Rothmann, S. (2009. The validation of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire in selected organisations in South Africa. SA Journal of Human Resource Management/ SA Tydskrif vir Menslikehulpbronbestuur, 7(1, Art. #183, 8 pages. DOI: 10.4102/sajhrm.v7i1.183

  18. / Psychometric properties of the Spanish validation of the Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    A., Cebolla; A., García-Palacios; J., Soler; V., Guillen; R., Baños; C., Botella.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Mindfulness-based therapies have demonstrated effectiveness in many clinical contexts. Various therapies that train mindfulness skills have proliferated in recent years. There is increasing interest in mindfulness-based therapies and in incorporating instruments that measu [...] re mindfulness in order to understand its role in clinical and basic research. The Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) is a questionnaire for measuring mindfulness; it was derived from a factor analysis of five different questionnaires that measure a trait-like general tendency to be mindful in daily life. The objective of this study is to validate the FFMQ in a Spanish sample. Methods: The FFMQ was administered to a sample of 462 subjects ranging from 18 to 63 years (X = 27.9; SD = 9.75). The sample was composed by clinical (n = 146) and non-clinical (n = 226) subsamples. Results: The internal reliability of the scales ranged from acceptable to very good. Convergent analysis was conducted by computing Pearson's correlations, showing high correlations. The factorial structure is the same as that proposed by Baer et al. Conclusions: The FFMQ proved to be an effective instrument for measuring mindfulness in clinical and non-clinical Spanish samples.

  19. Validity of two brief primary care physical activity questionnaires with accelerometry in clinic staff.

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    Ball, Trever J; Joy, Elizabeth A; Goh, Tan L; Hannon, James C; Gren, Lisa H; Shaw, Janet M

    2014-01-28

    Background: To date, no physical activity (PA) questionnaires intended for primary care have been compared against a criterion measure of PA and current (2008) aerobic PA recommendations of the American College of Sports Medicine/American Heart Association (ACSM/AHA). Aim: This study evaluated preliminary evidence for criterion validity of two brief (ACSM/AHA PA recommendations. Methods: 45 health clinic staff wore an accelerometer for seven consecutive days and afterwards completed two brief PA questionnaires, the Physical Activity Vital Sign (PAVS), and the Speedy Nutrition and Physical Activity Assessment (SNAP). Agreement and descriptive statistics were calculated between the PAVS or SNAP and accelerometry in order to measure each questionnaire's ability to quantify the number of days participants achieved ?30 min of moderate-vigorous PA (MVPA) performed in bouts of ?10 continuous minutes. Participants with ACSM/AHA aerobic PA recommendations. The PAVS and SNAP should be evaluated further for repeatability, and in populations varying in PA levels, age, gender, and ethnicity. PMID:24472569

  20. Construcción y validación del cuestionario vulnerabilidad estrés / Making and validation of the stress vulnerability questionnaire

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    Carlos R., Quevedo Fonseca; José R., Amaro Chelala; José R., Menéndez López.

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó la construcción y validación de un test psicométrico para la determinación de vulnerabilidad al estrés. El test, denominado cuestionario vulnerabilidad estrés, fue realizado básicamente a partir de la batería psicométrico del método de enfoque sistémico de evaluación del estrés. Se confec [...] cionó un cuestionario inicial de 63 ítems y 3 subescalas con el que se realizó un estudio piloto; al depurarlo, la forma definitiva fue redactada con 39 ítems y sometida a un estudio para determinar fiabilidad y validez. Se determinó una estructura trifactorial coincidente con el diseño previo. La consistencia interna fue de 0,92 según el alfa de Cronbach y de 0,90 con el coeficiente de Spearman-Brown. Se encontró una correlación test-retest de 0,97 y se correlacionó además, de forma significativa con criterios externos de vulnerabilidad-escala de neuroticismo del test de Eysenck, ansiedad como rasgo de Spielberger y el criterio clínico. Se concluyó que el cuestionario vulnerabilidad estrés constituye un instrumento válido y fiable para medir vulnerabilidad al estrés sobre la base del método de enfoque sistémico. Abstract in english A psychometric test was constructed and validated to determine stress. The test denominated stress vulnerability questionnaire was basically based on the psychometric battery of the systemic approach method for evaluating stress. An initial questionnaire composed of 63 items and 3 subscales was made [...] to conduct a pilot study. On depurating the questionnaire, the final form contained 39 items and it was subjected to a study to find out reliability and validity. A trifactorial structure coinciding with the previous design was determined. The internal consistency was 0.92 according to Cronbach's alpha and 0.90 according to Spearman-Brown's coefficient.. A test-retest correlation of 0.97 was attained and it was also significantly correlated to the external criteria of vulnerability-neuroticism scale of Eysenck's test, Spielberg's anxiety trait and the clinical criterion. It was concluded that the stress vulnerability questionnaire is a valid and reliable instrument to measure vulnerability to stress based on the systemic approach method.

  1. Construcción y validación del cuestionario vulnerabilidad estrés Making and validation of the stress vulnerability questionnaire

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    Carlos R. Quevedo Fonseca

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó la construcción y validación de un test psicométrico para la determinación de vulnerabilidad al estrés. El test, denominado cuestionario vulnerabilidad estrés, fue realizado básicamente a partir de la batería psicométrico del método de enfoque sistémico de evaluación del estrés. Se confeccionó un cuestionario inicial de 63 ítems y 3 subescalas con el que se realizó un estudio piloto; al depurarlo, la forma definitiva fue redactada con 39 ítems y sometida a un estudio para determinar fiabilidad y validez. Se determinó una estructura trifactorial coincidente con el diseño previo. La consistencia interna fue de 0,92 según el alfa de Cronbach y de 0,90 con el coeficiente de Spearman-Brown. Se encontró una correlación test-retest de 0,97 y se correlacionó además, de forma significativa con criterios externos de vulnerabilidad-escala de neuroticismo del test de Eysenck, ansiedad como rasgo de Spielberger y el criterio clínico. Se concluyó que el cuestionario vulnerabilidad estrés constituye un instrumento válido y fiable para medir vulnerabilidad al estrés sobre la base del método de enfoque sistémico.A psychometric test was constructed and validated to determine stress. The test denominated stress vulnerability questionnaire was basically based on the psychometric battery of the systemic approach method for evaluating stress. An initial questionnaire composed of 63 items and 3 subscales was made to conduct a pilot study. On depurating the questionnaire, the final form contained 39 items and it was subjected to a study to find out reliability and validity. A trifactorial structure coinciding with the previous design was determined. The internal consistency was 0.92 according to Cronbach's alpha and 0.90 according to Spearman-Brown's coefficient.. A test-retest correlation of 0.97 was attained and it was also significantly correlated to the external criteria of vulnerability-neuroticism scale of Eysenck's test, Spielberg's anxiety trait and the clinical criterion. It was concluded that the stress vulnerability questionnaire is a valid and reliable instrument to measure vulnerability to stress based on the systemic approach method.

  2. German translation and external validation of the Radboud Skills Questionnaire in patients suffering from Complex Regional Pain Syndrome 1

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    Perez Roberto SGM

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Patients suffering from Complex Regional Pain Syndrome commonly complain of substantial limitations in their activities of daily living. The Radboud Skills Questionnaire measures alterations in the level of disability of patients with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, but this instrument is currently not available in German. The goals of our study were to translate the Dutch Radboud Skills Questionnaire into German and to assess its external criterion validity with the German version of the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire. Methods We translated the Radboud Skills Questionnaire according to published guidelines. Demographic data and validity were assessed in 57 consecutive patients with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome 1 of the upper extremity. Information on age, duration of symptoms, type of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome 1 and type of initiating event was obtained. We assessed the external criterion validity by comparing the German Radboud Skills Questionnaire and the German Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire and calculated the prediction intervals. Results Score values ranged from 55.4 ± 22.0 for the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire score and 140.1 ± 39.2 for the Radboud Skills Questionnaire. We found a high correlation between the Radboud Skills Questionnaire and the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire (R2 = 0.83. Conclusion This validation of the Radboud Skills Questionnaire demonstrates that this German version is a simple and accurate instrument to assess and quantify disabilities of patients suffering from Complex Regional Pain Syndrome 1 of the upper extremity for clinical and research purposes

  3. Validation of the Portuguese version of the Evidence-Based Practice Questionnaire

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    Pereira, Rui Pedro Gomes; Guerra, Ana Cristina Pinheiro; Cardoso, Maria José da Silva Peixoto de Oliveira; dos Santos, Alzira Teresa Vieira Martins Ferreira; de Figueiredo, Maria do Céu Aguiar Barbieri; Carneiro, António Cândido Vaz

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: to describe the process of translation and linguistic and cultural validation of the Evidence Based Practice Questionnaire for the Portuguese context: Questionário de Eficácia Clínica e Prática Baseada em Evidências (QECPBE). METHOD: a methodological and cross-sectional study was developed. The translation and back translation was performed according to traditional standards. Principal Components Analysis with orthogonal rotation according to the Varimax method was used to verify the QECPBE's psychometric characteristics, followed by confirmatory factor analysis. Internal consistency was determined by Cronbach's alpha. Data were collected between December 2013 and February 2014. RESULTS: 358 nurses delivering care in a hospital facility in North of Portugal participated in the study. QECPBE contains 20 items and three subscales: Practice (?=0.74); Attitudes (?=0.75); Knowledge/Skills and Competencies (?=0.95), presenting an overall internal consistency of ?=0.74. The tested model explained 55.86% of the variance and presented good fit: ?2(167)=520.009; p = 0.0001; ?2df=3.114; CFI=0.908; GFI=0.865; PCFI=0.798; PGFI=0.678; RMSEA=0.077 (CI90%=0.07-0.08). CONCLUSION: confirmatory factor analysis revealed the questionnaire is valid and appropriate to be used in the studied context. PMID:26039307

  4. Validation of the Communication Skills Questionnaire (CSQ) in people with schizophrenia.

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    Prat, Gemma; Casas-Anguera, Emma; Garcia-Franco, Mar; Escandell, Maria José; Martin, José Ramón; Vilamala, Sonia; Villalta-Gil, Victoria; Gimenez-Salinas, Jordi; Hernández-Rambla, Carla; Ochoa, Susana

    2014-12-15

    This present study describes the validation of the Communication Skills Questionnaire (CSQ) in people with schizophrenia. A total of 125 clinically stable people in rehabilitation treatment who were diagnosed with schizophrenia were included. For convergent and discriminant validity the following tests were administered; the Gambrill and Richie (GR) Assertiveness Inventory, the Social Functioning Scale (SFS), Life Skills Profile (LSP), Clinical Global Impression scale for schizophrenia (CGI-S) and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale. Internal consistency of the CSQ had a Cronbach?s alpha of 0.96. Test-retest reliability showed coefficients between 0.60 and 0.70. Convergent validity showed significant relations at p<0.0001 for all instruments assessed. None of the subscales used for assessing discriminant validity showed a significant correlation with the CSQ except for the CGI-S depression subscale. The instrument shows good psychometric properties and demonstrates that it is a useful instrument for evaluating communication skills in people with schizophrenia. PMID:25091232

  5. Validation of the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Activity Questionnaire in a Large Observational Cohort

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    Yazdany, Jinoos; Yelin, Edward H.; Panopalis, Pantelis; Trupin, Laura; Julian, Laura; Katz, Patricia P.

    2013-01-01

    Objective To examine the reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness of the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Activity Questionnaire (SLAQ) in a large observational cohort of persons with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods We evaluated the reliability of the SLAQ using Cronbach's alpha and principal factor analysis and ascertained construct validity by studying the association of the SLAQ with other clinically relevant, validated patient assessments of health. We estimated responsiveness by calculating standardized response means and analyzing the association of changes in SLAQ scores with changes in other patient assessments of health. Results The SLAQ had excellent reliability, as reflected by Cronbach's alpha (0.87) and principal factor analysis (one factor accounted for 92% of the variance). SLAQ scores were strongly correlated with other health indices, including the Short Form 12 Physical Component Summary and the Short Form 36 Physical Functioning subscale. Scores were significantly higher for respondents reporting a flare, more disease activity, hospitalization in the last year, concurrent use of immunosuppressive medication, and work disability. The SLAQ demonstrated a small to moderate degree of responsiveness; standardized response means were 0.66 and ?0.37 for those reporting clinical worsening and improvement, respectively. Across a range of other patient assessments of disease status, the SLAQ had a response in the direction predicted by these other measures. Conclusion The SLAQ demonstrates adequate reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness in our large, community-based cohort and appears to represent a promising tool for studies of SLE outside the clinical setting. PMID:18163398

  6. Reliability and Validity of Self-Reported Questionnaires Related to Adolescent Violence and Consequences, Thailand

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    Nualnong Wongtongkam

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available In Thailand physical violence among male adolescents is considered a significant public health issue, although there has been little published research into the aetiology and functions of violence in Thai youth. Research in this area has been hampered by a lack of psychometrically sound tools that have been validated to assess problem behaviours in Asian youth. The purpose of this paper is to provide validity and reliability data on an instrument to measure violence in Thai youth. In this study, reliability and validity data for a sample of adolescent Thai youth are reported for the Communities That Care Youth Survey (CTC-YS, a measure of risk and protective factors for violent behaviour, and the STAXI-II, a measure of angry experience and expression. The findings showed overall high internal consistency for both questionnaires, and there was evidence of construct validity. It is concluded that these measures are appropriate for use in research that seeks to investigate youth violence among adolescents in Thailand.

  7. Development and validation of a questionnaire for evaluation of students' attitudes towards family medicine.

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    Šter, Marija Petek; Švab, Igor; Klemenc-Ketiš, Zalika; Kersnik, Janko

    2015-03-01

    The development of the EURACT (European Academy of Teachers in General Practice) Educational Agenda helped many family medicine departments in development of clerkship and the aims and objectives of family medicine teaching. Our aims were to develop and validate a tool for assessment of students' attitudes towards family medicine and to evaluate the impact of the clerkship on students' attitudes regarding the competences of family doctor. In the pilot study, experienced family doctors were asked to describe their attitudes towards family medicine by using the Educational Agenda as a template for brainstorming. The statements were paraphrased and developed into a 164-items questionnaire, which was administered to 176 final-year students in academic year 2007/08. The third phase consisted of development of a final tool using statistical analysis, which resulted in the 60-items questionnaire in six domains which was used for the evaluation of students' attitudes. At the beginning of the clerkship, person-centred care and holistic approach scored lower than the other competences. Students' attitudes regarding the competences at the end of 7 weeks clerkship in family medicine were more positive, with exception of the competence regarding primary care management. The students who named family medicine as his or her future career choice, found holistic approach as more important than the students who did not name it as their future career. With the decision tree, which included students' attitudes to the competences of family medicine, we can successfully predict the future career choice in family medicine in 93.5% of the students. This study reports on the first attempt to develop a valid and reliable tool for measuring attitudes towards family medicine based on EURACT Educational Agenda. The questionnaire could be used for evaluating changes of students' attitudes in undergraduate curricula and for prediction of students' preferences regarding their future professional career in family medicine. PMID:26040061

  8. Validation of the self regulation questionnaire as a measure of health in quality of life research

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    Büssing A

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objectives Several epidemiological studies address psychosomatic 'self regulation' as a measure of quality of life aspects. However, although widely used in studies with a focus on complementary cancer treatment, and recognized to be associated with better survival of cancer patients, it is unclear what the 'self regulation' questionnaire exactly measures. Design and setting In a sample of 444 individuals (27% healthy, 33% cancer, 40% other internal diseases, we performed reliability and exploratory factor analyses, and correlated the 16-item instrument with external measures such as the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Herdecke Quality of Life questionnaire, and autonomic regulation questionnaire. Results The 16-item pool had a very good internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha = 0.948 and satisfying/good (rrt = 0.796 test-retest reliability after 3 months. Exploratory factor analysis indicated 2 sub-constructs: (1 Ability to change behaviour in order to reach goals, and (2 Achieve satisfaction and well-being. Both sub-scales correlated well with quality of life aspects, particularly with Initiative Power/Interest, Social Interactions, Mental Balance, and negatively with anxiety and depression. Conclusions The Self Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ was found to be a valid and reliable tool which measures unique psychosomatic abilities. Self regulation deals with competence and autonomy and can be regarded as a problem solving capacity in terms of an active adaptation to stressful situations to restore wellbeing. The tool is an interesting option to be used particularly in complementary medicine research with a focus on behavioural modification.

  9. Psychometric validation of the experience with allergic rhinitis nasal spray questionnaire

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    Crawford B

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Bruce Crawford1, Richard H Stanford2, Audrey Y Wong3, Anand A Dalal2, Martha S Bayliss11Mapi Values, Boston, MA, USA; 2GlaxoSmithKline, Research Triangle Park, NC, USA; 3BioMedical Insights, San Francisco, CA, USABackground: Patient experience and preference are critical factors influencing compliance in patients with allergic rhinitis (AR receiving intranasal corticosteroids. The Experience with Allergic Rhinitis Nasal Spray Questionnaire (EARNS-Q was developed to measure subject experiences with and preferences for nasal sprays.Objective: To describe the psychometric validation of the EARNS-Q modules.Methods: An observational study was conducted with subjects aged 18–65 years with physician-diagnosed vasomotor, seasonal, and/or perennial allergic rhinitis who were using a prescription nasal spray. Subjects completed the experience module of the EARNS-Q and the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire with Medication (TSQM at baseline and after 2 weeks. Further validation analyses were conducted in a 3-week, randomized, single-blind, crossover, multicenter clinical study in which subjects ?18 years of age with documented seasonal AR received flunisolide and beclomethasone and completed the EARNS-Q experience module on days 1 and 8, the EARNS-Q preference module on day 22, and the TSQM on days 8 and 22.Results: The observational and clinical studies were completed by 121 and 89 subjects, respectively. Both modules demonstrated acceptable reliability (? = 0.72 experience module; ? = 0.93 preference module global scores and validity (intraclass correlation coefficient or ICC 0.64 to 0.82 test–retest validity. Correlations among the experience and preference modules were moderate (r = 0.39 to 0.79 and within internal consistency reliability estimates, indicating measurement of distinct constructs.Conclusion: The EARNS-Q is a patient-reported outcomes measure that enables reliable and valid measurement of subject experience with, and preference for, prescription intranasal corticosteroid sprays for allergic rhinitis.Keywords: EARNS-Q, allergic rhinitis, compliance, intranasal corticosteroid, patient preference, psychometric validation

  10. The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ: a validation study of a multidimensional self-report questionnaire to assess distress, depression, anxiety and somatization

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    van Balkom Anton JLM

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ is a self-report questionnaire that has been developed in primary care to distinguish non-specific general distress from depression, anxiety and somatization. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate its criterion and construct validity. Methods Data from 10 different primary care studies have been used. Criterion validity was assessed by comparing the 4DSQ scores with clinical diagnoses, the GPs' diagnosis of any psychosocial problem for Distress, standardised psychiatric diagnoses for Depression and Anxiety, and GPs' suspicion of somatization for Somatization. ROC analyses and logistic regression analyses were used to examine the associations. Construct validity was evaluated by investigating the inter-correlations between the scales, the factorial structure, the associations with other symptom questionnaires, and the associations with stress, personality and social functioning. The factorial structure of the 4DSQ was assessed through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA. The associations with other questionnaires were assessed with Pearson correlations and regression analyses. Results Regarding criterion validity, the Distress scale was associated with any psychosocial diagnosis (area under the ROC curve [AUC] 0.79, the Depression scale was associated with major depression (AUC = 0.83, the Anxiety scale was associated with anxiety disorder (AUC = 0.66, and the Somatization scale was associated with the GPs' suspicion of somatization (AUC = 0.65. Regarding the construct validity, the 4DSQ scales appeared to have considerable inter-correlations (r = 0.35-0.71. However, 30–40% of the variance of each scale was unique for that scale. CFA confirmed the 4-factor structure with a comparative fit index (CFI of 0.92. The 4DSQ scales correlated with most other questionnaires measuring corresponding constructs. However, the 4DSQ Distress scale appeared to correlate with some other depression scales more than the 4DSQ Depression scale. Measures of stress (i.e. life events, psychosocial problems, and work stress were mainly associated with Distress, while Distress, in turn, was mainly associated with psychosocial dysfunctioning, including sick leave. Conclusion The 4DSQ seems to be a valid self-report questionnaire to measure distress, depression, anxiety and somatization in primary care patients. The 4DSQ Distress scale appears to measure the most general, most common, expression of psychological problems.

  11. Development and validation of the Parents' Beliefs About Children's Emotions Questionnaire.

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    Halberstadt, Amy G; Dunsmore, Julie C; Bryant, Alfred; Parker, Alison E; Beale, Karen S; Thompson, Julie A

    2013-12-01

    Parents' beliefs about children's emotions comprise an important aspect of parental emotion socialization and may relate to children's mental health and well-being. Thus, the goal of this study was to develop the multifaceted Parents' Beliefs About Children's Emotions (PBACE) questionnaire. Central to our work was inclusion of multiple ethnic groups throughout the questionnaire development process, from initial item creation through assessment of measurement invariance and validity. Participants included 1,080 African American, European American, and Lumbee American Indian parents of 4- to 10-year-old children who completed the initial item pool for the PBACE. Exploratory factor analyses were conducted with 720 of these parents to identify factor structure and reduce items. Confirmatory factor analysis was then conducted with a holdout sample of 360 parents to evaluate model fit and assess measurement invariance across ethnicity and across parent gender. Finally, validity of the PBACE scales was assessed via correlations with measures of parental emotional expressivity and reactions to children's emotions. The PBACE is composed of 33 items in 7 scales. All scales generally demonstrated measurement invariance across ethnic groups and parent gender, thereby allowing interpretations of differences across these ethnic groups and between mothers and fathers as true differences rather than by-products of measurement variance. Initial evidence of discriminant and construct validity for the scale interpretations was also obtained. Results suggest that the PBACE will be useful for researchers interested in emotion-related socialization processes in diverse ethnic groups and their impact on children's socioemotional outcomes and well-being. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23914957

  12. Validez de Contenido: cuestionario de Vulnerabilidad al Papillomavirus Humano / Content Validity: the Human Papillomavirus Vulnerability Questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gloria Judith, Sepúlveda Carrillo; Alba Lucia, Meneses Báez; Paulete, Goldenberg.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: Es necesario realizar diagnósticos sobre conocimientos, comportamientos y percepción del riesgo a la infección del virus de Papiloma Humano (VPH), como base para desarrollar intervenciones efectivas que reduzcan la vulnerabilidad al VPH entre adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. Objetivo: E [...] stablecer indicadores de validez de contenido de un cuestionario que mide conocimientos y disposición para actuar preventivamente frente al VPH en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. Metodología: El cuestionario fue evaluado por 16 expertos con el fin de determinar su estructura conceptual y el nivel de concordancia sobre la claridad y la redacción de los ítems. Este también se aplicó a 42 universitarios a quienes se les realizó entrevista cognitiva con el fin de ajustar léxico, instrucciones y forma de redacción de los ítems. Resultados: Se estimó el índice de concordancia entre expertos en cuanto a redacción y claridad de los ítems cuestionario (0.88) y para las cuatro dimensiones (0.81-0.96). La estructura conceptual del cuestionario se determinó mediante la aplicación de la metodología de concept mapping, para ello se realizó un Análisis de Escalamiento Multidimensional no métrico de ALSCAL (Alternating Least Squared Scaling) con una solución para dos dimensiones (Stress = 12%) y un análisis jerárquico de conglomerados utilizando el método de Ward; además se estimó el estadístico de bridging para cada ítem con respecto al conglomerado. Estos datos sugieren que el cuestionario mide cuatro dimensiones: perfil sociodemográfico, comportamiento sexual, conocimiento de transmisión y conocimiento de prevención. Conclusiones: El cuestionario presenta indicadores adecuados de validez de contenido para medir conocimientos y prácticas preventivas asociadas al (VPH) desde la perspectiva de la vulnerabilidad en adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. Abstract in english Background: Accurate diagnosis about knowledge, behavior and risk perception relative to the HPV virus is a cornerstone to design effective interventions related to the promotion, prevention and reduction of the individual vulnerability to HPV among adolescents and young adults. Objective: Obtain ev [...] idence related with content validity of a questionnaire that measures knowledge and willingness to act preventively against HPV in adolescents and young adults. Method: 16 experts evaluated the questionnaire conceptual structure as well as the degree of agreement on items clarity and wording. Additionally, 42 college students underwent a cognitive interview in order to adjust instructions, vocabulary, and wording of items. Results: The experts' agreement index estimated for wording and clarity of the questionnaire items was 0.88 and for the four dimensions was between 0.81 to 0.96. The estimated experts' agreement index for wording and clarity of the questionnaire items was 0.88 and for the four dimensions range from 0.81 to 0.96. The questionnaire conceptual structure was determined by applying the concept mapping methodology, using an alternating least-squares algorithm (ALSCAL) to perform non-metrical multidimensional scaling (MDS) technique with a two-dimension solution (Stress = 12%), and a hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) using Ward's method; also it estimated a bridging statistic for each item in relationship to its cluster. The obtain data suggest that the questionnaire measures four dimensions: socio-demographic profile, sexual behavior, knowledge of transmission and prevention knowledge. Conclusions: The findings for content validity support that the questionnaire measures knowledge and willingness to act preventively against HPV in adolescents and young adults from the vulnerability perspective.

  13. Criterion Validity of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire for Depressive Episodes in Clinic and Non-Clinic Subjects

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    Daviss, W. Burleson; Birmaher, Boris; Melhem, Nadine A.; Axelson, David A.; Michaels, Shana M.; Brent, David A.

    2006-01-01

    Background: Previous measures of pediatric depression have shown inconsistent validity in groups with differing demographics, comorbid diagnoses, and clinic or non-clinic origins. The current study re-examines the criterion validity of child- and parent-versions of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ-C, MFQ-P) in a heterogeneous sample of…

  14. Validation of a patient satisfaction questionnaire for anemia treatment, the PSQ-An

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    Chiou Chiun-Fang

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Treating anemia associated with chemotherapy and many cancers is often necessary. However, patient satisfaction with anemia treatment is limited by the lack of validated instruments. We developed and validated a new treatment-specific patient satisfaction instrument: the Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire for Anemia Treatment (PSQ-An. Treatment burden and overall satisfaction scales were designed for ease of use in clinical practice. Methods 312 cancer patients (141 breast, 69 gynecological, and 102 non-small cell lung were targeted to complete the PSQ-An at 4 week intervals. Data from weeks 5 and 9 were analyzed. Patients also completed the MOS SF-36 Global Health assessment and questions concerning resources devoted to anemia treatment. Item reduction used endorsement rates, floor/ceiling effects, and item-item correlations. Factor analysis identified meaningful subscales. Test-retest reliability was assessed. Construct validity was tested, using Pearson's correlations, by comparing subscale scores to Global Health, hemoglobin levels, and resources devoted to anemia treatment. Results The overall response rate was 92.9% (264/284 at week 5. Most (84.2% of the patients were female, and the mean (SD age was 60.2 (± 11.8 years. Two distinct subscales were identified measuring treatment burden (7 items and overall satisfaction (2 items. Test-retest reliability was examined (ICC: 0.45–0.67; both were internally consistent (alpha = 0.83. Both subscales exhibited convergent and divergent validity with independent measures of health. ANOVA results indicated that the PSQ-An Satisfaction subscale discriminated between 5 levels of MOS SF-36 Global Health (P = 0.006. Conclusion The PSQ-An is a validated, treatment-specific instrument for measuring satisfaction with anemia treatment for cancer patients. PSQ-An subscales reflect the burden of injection anemia treatment on cancer patients and their assessment of the overall treatment value.

  15. Validity of the international physical activity questionnaire short form (IPAQ-SF: A systematic review

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    Stewart Sunita M

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The International Physical Activity Questionnaire - Short Form (IPAQ-SF has been recommended as a cost-effective method to assess physical activity. Several studies validating the IPAQ-SF have been conducted with differing results, but no systematic review of these studies has been reported. Methods The keywords "IPAQ", "validation", and "validity" were searched in PubMed and Scopus. Studies published in English that validated the IPAQ-SF against an objective physical activity measuring device, doubly labeled water, or an objective fitness measure were included. Results Twenty-three validation studies were included in this review. There was a great deal of variability in the methods used across studies, but the results were largely similar. Correlations between the total physical activity level measured by the IPAQ-SF and objective standards ranged from 0.09 to 0.39; none reached the minimal acceptable standard in the literature (0.50 for objective activity measuring devices, 0.40 for fitness measures. Correlations between sections of the IPAQ-SF for vigorous activity or moderate activity level/walking and an objective standard showed even greater variability (-0.18 to 0.76, yet several reached the minimal acceptable standard. Only six studies provided comparisons between physical activity levels derived from the IPAQ-SF and those obtained from objective criterion. In most studies the IPAQ-SF overestimated physical activity level by 36 to 173 percent; one study underestimated by 28 percent. Conclusions The correlation between the IPAQ-SF and objective measures of activity or fitness in the large majority of studies was lower than the acceptable standard. Furthermore, the IPAQ-SF typically overestimated physical activity as measured by objective criterion by an average of 84 percent. Hence, the evidence to support the use of the IPAQ-SF as an indicator of relative or absolute physical activity is weak.

  16. Adaption and validation of the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire for the Danish hospital setting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Solvejg; Sabroe, Svend

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: Measuring and developing a safe culture in health care is a focus point in creating highly reliable organizations being successful in avoiding patient safety incidents where these could normally be expected. Questionnaires can be used to capture a snapshot of an employee's perceptions of patient safety culture. A commonly used instrument to measure safety climate is the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The purpose of this study was to adapt the SAQ for use in Danish hospitals, assess its construct validity and reliability, and present benchmark data. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The SAQ was translated and adapted for the Danish setting (SAQ-DK). The SAQ-DK was distributed to 1,263 staff members from 31 in- and outpatient units (clinical areas) across five somatic and one psychiatric hospitals through meeting administration, hand delivery, and mailing. Construct validity and reliability were tested in a cross-sectional study. Goodness-of-fit indices from confirmatory factor analysis were reported along with inter-item correlations, Cronbach's alpha (?), and item and subscale scores. RESULTS: Participation was 73.2% (N=925) of invited health care workers. Goodness-of-fit indices from the confirmatory factor analysis showed: c(2)=1496.76, P<0.001, CFI 0.901, RMSEA (90% CI) 0.053 (0.050-0056), Probability RMSEA (p close)=0.057. Inter-scale correlations between the factors showed moderate-to-high correlations. The scale stress recognition had significant negative correlations with each of the other scales. Questionnaire reliability was high, (?=0.89), and scale reliability ranged from ?=0.70 to ?=0.86 for the six scales. Proportions of participants with a positive attitude to each of the six SAQ scales did not differ between the somatic and psychiatric health care staff. Substantial variability at the unit level in all six scale mean scores was found within the somatic and the psychiatric samples. CONCLUSION: SAQ-DK showed good construct validity and internal consistency reliability. SAQ-DK is potentially auseful tool for evaluating perceptions of patient safety culture in Danish hospitals.

  17. Validity and reliability of developmental coordination disorder questionnaire-spanish version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Matilde Salamanca Duque

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The Developmental Coordination Disorder is characterized by difficulties that produce consequences on the psychomotor performance in daily and school activities, and requires early diagnosis. The Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire CTDC is used for its diagnosis.The objective of the study was to determinate the psychometric properties of CTDC. Methodology. Descriptive study and instrument validation, with a sample of 41 children aged between 6 to 12 years old, at school, with the application of the CTDC and the Da Fonseca Psychomotor Battery. The study analyzed internal consistency reliability, and intra-rater and concurrent validity through the two instruments. Results. Positive results were obtained: the reliability for the full internal consistency using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient was 0.92, and the intra-rater reliability using Kappa index was 0.82 with ap<0.001, independent items showed values above 0.5; concurrent validity through the Spearman correlation coefficient Rho was 0.6, with ap<0.01. Conclusions. The CTDC has appropriate and strong psychometric properties for its application and clinical use.

  18. Validity of a short questionnaire to assess physical activity in 10 European countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    no-lastname, no-firstname; Overvad, Kim

    2012-01-01

    To accurately examine associations of physical activity (PA) with disease outcomes, a valid method of assessing free-living activity is required. We examined the validity of a brief PA questionnaire (PAQ) used in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). PA energy expenditure (PAEE) and time spent in moderate and vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was measured in 1,941 healthy individuals from 10 European countries using individually-calibrated combined heart-rate and movement sensing. Participants also completed the short EPIC-PAQ, which refers to past year's activity. Pearson (r) and Spearman (?) correlation coefficients were calculated for each country, and random effects meta-analysis was used to calculate the combined correlation across countries to estimate the validity of two previously- and one newly-derived ordered, categorical PA indices ("Cambridge index", "total PA index", and "recreational index") that categorized individuals as inactive, moderately inactive, moderately active, or active. The strongest associations with PAEE and MVPA were observed for the Cambridge index (r = 0.33 and r = 0.25, respectively). No significant heterogeneity by country was observed for this index (I(2) = 36.3%, P = 0.12; I(2) = 0.0%, P = 0.85), whereas heterogeneity was suggested for other indices (I(2) > 48%, P  47%, P 

  19. Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil: validação semântica Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF/Brazil Version: semantic validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosemeri Siqueira Pedroso

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar tradução e adaptação transcultural do Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF10, que avalia o craving por maconha em uma amostra brasileira. MÉTODO: O MCQ-SF foi traduzido do inglês para o português, aplicado em 10 sujeitos, submetido ao brainstorming num grupo de três indivíduos para reprodução individual e verbal, item a item. Realizou-se o back-translation, uma versão para o idioma de origem, a partir da primeira tradução e do brainstorming. Logo após, traduziu-se novamente para o português. Um comitê de juízes especialistas analisou todas as traduções. RESULTADOS: Após as considerações do comitê e um estudo-piloto com 30 sujeitos, a versão final do MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil foi construída. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados demonstraram uma equivalência semântica satisfatória entre as versões. O MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil pode ser útil para avaliar o craving pela maconha nos dependentes dessa substância.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate and adapt culturally the Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF10 which evaluates the craving for marijuana in a Brazilian sample. METHOD: The Marijuana Craving Questionnaire (MCQ-SF was translated from English to Portuguese, administered to 10 subjects, submitted to a brainstorming in a group of three people for individual and verbal reproduction, item by item. Back-translation was executed, a translation for the original language, based on first translation and from brainstorming. Soon after, it was translated again into Portuguese. A committee of specialists analyzed all translations. RESULTS: After the committee considerations and a pilot study with 30 subjects, the final version of MCQ-SF/Versão Brasil was built. CONCLUSION: The results showed a satisfactory semantic equivalence between versions. The MCQ/Versão Brasil can be useful to evaluate the craving for marijuana on the dependents of this substance.

  20. How valid are parents' questionnaire responses regarding building characteristics, mouldy odour, and signs of moisture problems in Swedish homes?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engman, L.H.; Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf

    2007-01-01

    Aim: Questionnaires are a cheap means of studying large populations but the information obtained from them is seldom validated. Earlier studies have reported both high and low levels of agreements between inspectors' observations and occupants' reports regarding home environmental factors that included moisture problems. The aim of this study was to validate information received from a questionnaire survey regarding building characteristics, mouldy odour, and signs of moisture problems in 390 Swedish homes. Method: In a case control study on the association between home environmental factors and asthma/allergy among children, 390 homes were visited by trained inspectors for ocular inspection of visible moisture damage and perceptions of mouldy odour. Their observations were then compared with questionnaire reports collected 18 - 24 months earlier from the families. Results: A high level of agreement was found between the inspectors' observations and the occupants' questionnaire reports on technical parameters. This included type of house, type of ventilation system, and foundation, particularly in single-family houses. There was low agreement regarding vinyl or linoleum floor coverings and indications of dampness and mouldy odour. However, the stronger the mouldy odour experienced by the inspector, the higher the level of agreement. Conclusions: The questionnaire was a quite reliable source regarding technical parameters of the home but not for dampness problems. The questionnaire was better for predicting buildings without problems than detecting problems of mouldy odour and visible indications of moisture. To increase the validity of future questionnaires, simple drawings or information on critical spots for dampness could be used.

  1. Validity of the social communication questionnaire in adults with intellectual disabilities and suspected autism spectrum disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sappok, Tanja; Diefenbacher, Albert; Gaul, Isabell; Bölte, Sven

    2015-05-01

    This study examined the validity of the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) to identify autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in 151 adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) in Germany. Sensitivities and specificities for ASD were 98/47% for the SCQ-current version and 92/22% for the SCQ-lifetime version. Sensitivities and specificities were increased to 89/66% and 78/48% by adjusting the recommended cut-points. The SCQ-current score correlated with the Scale for Pervasive Developmental Disorders in Mentally Retarded Persons and the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule, whereas the SCQ-lifetime score correlated with the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised. Our findings support the use of the SCQ-current version for ASD screening in adults with ID, although the SCQ-lifetime version should be used with caution in this population. PMID:25928433

  2. Aviophobia assessment: validating the Flight Anxiety Situations Questionnaire as a clinical identification measure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skolnick, Rebecca B; Schare, Mitchell L; Wyatt, Kristin P; Tillman, Melissa A

    2012-12-01

    An Internet survey was conducted to validate the Flight Anxiety Situations Questionnaire (FAS; Van Gerwen, Spinhoven, Van Dyck, & Diekstra, 1999) as a clinical identification measure for aviophobia. Nine hundred and seventy six people completed the survey. Using further criteria, the total pool was reduced to 98 aviophobics and 474 non-phobics. Receiver operating characteristic analysis and chi-square tests of associations indicated that minimal scores of 56 (as previously reported in research) and 70 on the FAS were useful predictors of being a flying phobic. However, the empirically derived cut-off score of 70 on the FAS had the best overall balance of Type I and Type II error, such that the diagnostic standard for flying phobia was set neither too low nor too high. Given that 60.3% of participants were university students, results may not be generalizable to the general population but may be particularly useful for researchers at these settings. PMID:23023157

  3. Reliability, validity, and scoring of the Health Status Questionnaire-12 version 2.0.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barry, Teresa L; Kaiser, Katherine Laux; Atwood, Jan R

    2007-01-01

    Measuring health status as an indicator of individual, population, and community health is critical in reducing health disparities in populations. The purpose of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the Health Status Questionnaire-12 (HSQ-12) Version 2.0, a brief self-reported health status instrument available within the public domain, in a low-income sample (N = 7,793). The internal consistency reliability was .88. Initial and confirmatory factor analysis revealed two factors explaining 67% of the variance, interpreted as super scales of physical and mental health. Second order factor analysis isolated one factor explaining 82% of the variance, interpreted as a total health status. Comparison of subjects with and without disabilities using t tests and the Mann-Whitney U Test showed that the scale, super scale, and total scale scores differentiated significantly. The HSQ-12 is a reliable, valid, and low-cost measure of health status. PMID:17665818

  4. Cross-cultural validation and analysis of responsiveness of the QUALIOST®: QUAlity of Life questionnaire In OSTeoporosis

    OpenAIRE

    La Loge, Christine; Sullivan, Kate; Pinkney, Robert; Marquis, Patrick; Roux, Christian; Meunier, Pierre Jean

    2005-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The QUALIOST was designed for use with the SF-36 to measure established osteoporosis-specific quality of life (QoL). The reliability (internal consistency and test-retest) and validity of the questionnaire were established in a stand-alone psychometric validation study. The objective of this paper is to provide additional information on the instrument's responsiveness using clinical trial data, along with the reliability and validity of translated versions. METHODS: The Spinal Ost...

  5. Cross-cultural validation and analysis of responsiveness of the QUALIOST®: QUAlity of Life questionnaire In OSTeoporosis

    OpenAIRE

    Roux Christian; Marquis Patrick; Pinkney Robert; Sullivan Kate; de la Loge Christine; Meunier Pierre

    2005-01-01

    Abstract Background The QUALIOST® was designed for use with the SF-36 to measure established osteoporosis-specific quality of life (QoL). The reliability (internal consistency and test-retest) and validity of the questionnaire were established in a stand-alone psychometric validation study. The objective of this paper is to provide additional information on the instrument's responsiveness using clinical trial data, along with the reliability and validity of translated versions. Methods The S...

  6. Young and restless: validation of the Mind-Wandering Questionnaire (MWQ) reveals disruptive impact of mind-wandering for youth

    OpenAIRE

    Mrazek, Michael D.; Phillips, Dawa T.; Franklin, Michael S.; Broadway, James M.; Schooler, Jonathan W.

    2013-01-01

    Mind-wandering is the focus of extensive investigation, yet until recently there has been no validated scale to directly measure trait levels of task-unrelated thought. Scales commonly used to assess mind-wandering lack face validity, measuring related constructs such as daydreaming or behavioral errors. Here we report four studies validating a Mind-Wandering Questionnaire (MWQ) across college, high school, and middle school samples. The 5-item scale showed high internal consistency, as well ...

  7. Young & restless: Validation of the Mind-Wandering Questionnaire (MWQ) reveals disruptive impact of mind-wandering for youth

    OpenAIRE

    MichaelD.Mrazek

    2013-01-01

    Mind-wandering is the focus of extensive investigation, yet until recently there has been no validated scale to directly measure trait levels of task-unrelated thought. Scales commonly used to assess mind-wandering lack face validity, measuring related constructs such as daydreaming or behavioral errors. Here we report four studies validating a Mind-Wandering Questionnaire (MWQ) across college, high school, and middle school samples. The 5-item scale showed high internal consistency, as we...

  8. [Social consequence of a dysphonic voice, design and validation of a questionnaire and first results].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Revis, J; Robieux, C; Ghio, A; Giovanni, A

    2013-01-01

    In our society, based on communication, dysphonia becomes a handicap that could be responsible of work discrimination. Actually, several commercial services are provided by phone only, and voice quality is mandatory for the employees. This work aim was to determine the social picture relayed by dysphonia. Our hypothesis was that dysphonia sounds pejorative compared to normal voice. 40 voice samples (30 dysphonic and 10 normal) were presented randomly to a perceptual jury of 20 naïve listener. The task was for each of them to fill a questionnaire, designed specifically to describe the speaker's look and personality. 20 items were evaluated, divided into 4 categories: health, temperament, appearance, and way of life. The results showed significant differences between normal subjects and dysphonic patients. For instance, the pathological voices were depicted as more tired, introverted, sloppy than normal voices, and less trustable. No significant differences were found according to the severity of voice disorders. This work is presently continued. It allowed to validate our questionnaire and has offers great perspectives on patient's management and voice therapy. PMID:24494330

  9. The Bahasa Melayu version of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire: reliability and validity study in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soo, K L; Wan Abdul Manan, W M; Wan Suriati, W N

    2015-03-01

    This study aimed to assess the reliability and concurrent validity of the Bahasa Melayu version of the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ-M) by comparing it with the short form of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-S) and objectively measuring physical activity using a Yamax DigiWalker (Yamax, Tokyo, Japan) pedometer. A total of 100 adults aged between 20 and 58 years from Kelantan in Malaysia voluntarily participated in this study. The Wilcoxon signed-rank analysis showed no significant differences in 2-week test-retest scores for total metabolic equivalent?minutes?per week and 4 domains of the GPAQ-M. There was a low but significant relationship between time spent on total physical activity measured by the GPAQ-M and average steps per day recorded using the pedometer (r s = .265, P = .013). Significant correlations were also found between GPAQ-M and the IPAQ-S for varying levels of intensity during physical activities (r s = .309-.466, P < .01). PMID:22234832

  10. Validation of the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) in a sample of Spanish women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cebolla, A; Barrada, J R; van Strien, T; Oliver, E; Baños, R

    2014-02-01

    The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) was developed to measure eating styles that may contribute to or attenuate the development of overweight. It comprises three scales that measure emotional, external and restrained eating. The main goal of this study is to evaluate the internal structure of the Spanish version of the DEBQ using updated psychometric techniques in a sample of women. A sample of 647 Spanish females answered the questionnaire. Both exploratory structural equation modeling and confirmatory factor analysis were used to evaluate the factor structure of the DEBQ. Reliabilities were estimated with Cronbach's alpha. The relations between the subscales of the DEBQ and age, BMI, and scores on the Eating Attitude Test-26 (EAT) and the Restrained Scale-Revised (RS) were computed with Pearson correlations. Results showed that the internal structure was similar to the theoretical proposal, although items associated with boredom and idleness presented cross-loading problems. The reliability estimates were satisfactory. The Emotional and External Eating factors correlated with the BMI, and External Eating was negatively correlated with age. The Restraint factor of the DEBQ showed significant relationships with scales of the EAT-26 and RS. The dimensional validity of the DEBQ is reproduced in a Spanish sample, and the DEBQ seems to be an effective instrument for research in Spanish females. Minor modifications to the DEBQ are recommended. PMID:24177441

  11. Translation and validation of Berlin questionnaire in primary health care in Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bouloukaki Izolde

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of our study was to validate a Greek translation of the Berlin Questionnaire (BQ for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS and to explore whether this screening questionnaire could be used to help identify primary care patients at greater risk of having OSAS. Methods We recruited 189 patients visiting a primary health care setting on the island of Crete, Greece. They all completed the Greek Version of the BQ. Patients were then referred to a Sleep Disorders Unit for evaluation of suspected sleep-disordered breathing. Results A PSG study was performed in 129 of the 189 subjects (68.3%. BQ identified 74.4% (n?=?96 of the patients as high-risk for OSAS and the remaining 25.6% (n?=?33 as low-risk. The sensitivity and specificity of BQ for OSAS diagnosis were 76% and 40%, respectively, for an apnoea–hypopnoea index (AHI ?5 per hour but 30 per hour. Conclusions In conclusion, the Greek Version of the BQ is a useful instrument for identifying patients at risk for OSAS in primary health care in Greece. The findings of our study confirm that such screening tools should be used by primary care clinicians for OSAS prediction.

  12. Relative validity and reliability of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire for adults in Guam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachael T. Leon Guerrero

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Guam is a US territory in the western Pacific with a diverse population that includes understudied ethnic groups such as Chamorros and Filipinos. A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ to estimate dietary intake was needed to facilitate studies of diet and health among adults living in Guam. Objective: To develop and validate an FFQ to assess dietary intake over a 1-year period among adult Guam residents. Design: A three-part study was conducted: 1 an initial cross-sectional study using 24-h recalls to identify a food and beverage list for the FFQ and resulting in a final FFQ containing 142 food and drink items; 2 to test reliability, 56 different individuals completed the FFQ twice; and 3 to test relative validity, self-administered FFQs and up to 2 days of food record data from an additional 109 individuals were collected, and daily nutrient intake from the two methods was compared. Results: The reliability of the FFQ was very good (? range=0.65–0.75, and the relative validity of the FFQ was good for women (median Spearman's correlation [?] between instruments of 0.45 across 20 nutrients and an interquartile range [IQR] of 0.42–0.58 and generally adequate for men (median ?=0.31, IQR=0.23–0.55. Validity was also good for Chamorros (median ?=0.47, IQR=0.38–0.53 and generally adequate for Filipinos (median ?=0.42, IQR=0.20–0.62. Correlations after energy adjustment were lower (overall median ?=0.20, IQR=0.14–0.26. Conclusions: The FFQ can be used to rank nutrient intake for adults in Guam and may be helpful in the analysis of relationships between diet and chronic disease in Guam.

  13. Relative validity and reliability of a quantitative food frequency questionnaire for adults in Guam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrero, Rachael T. Leon; Chong, Marie; Novotny, Rachel; Wilkens, Lynne R.; Badowski, Grazyna; Blas-Laguana, Michelle; Murphy, Suzanne

    2015-01-01

    Background Guam is a US territory in the western Pacific with a diverse population that includes understudied ethnic groups such as Chamorros and Filipinos. A food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to estimate dietary intake was needed to facilitate studies of diet and health among adults living in Guam. Objective To develop and validate an FFQ to assess dietary intake over a 1-year period among adult Guam residents. Design A three-part study was conducted: 1) an initial cross-sectional study using 24-h recalls to identify a food and beverage list for the FFQ and resulting in a final FFQ containing 142 food and drink items; 2) to test reliability, 56 different individuals completed the FFQ twice; and 3) to test relative validity, self-administered FFQs and up to 2 days of food record data from an additional 109 individuals were collected, and daily nutrient intake from the two methods was compared. Results The reliability of the FFQ was very good (? range=0.65–0.75), and the relative validity of the FFQ was good for women (median Spearman's correlation [?] between instruments of 0.45 across 20 nutrients and an interquartile range [IQR] of 0.42–0.58) and generally adequate for men (median ?=0.31, IQR=0.23–0.55). Validity was also good for Chamorros (median ?=0.47, IQR=0.38–0.53) and generally adequate for Filipinos (median ?=0.42, IQR=0.20–0.62). Correlations after energy adjustment were lower (overall median ?=0.20, IQR=0.14–0.26). Conclusions The FFQ can be used to rank nutrient intake for adults in Guam and may be helpful in the analysis of relationships between diet and chronic disease in Guam. PMID:25947296

  14. Validation of the Surgical Fear Questionnaire in Adult Patients Waiting for Elective Surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theunissen, Maurice; Peters, Madelon L.; Schouten, Erik G. W.; Fiddelers, Audrey A. A.; Willemsen, Mark G. A.; Pinto, Patrícia R.; Gramke, Hans-Fritz; Marcus, Marco A. E.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives Because existing instruments for assessing surgical fear seem either too general or too limited, the Surgical Fear Questionnaire (SFQ) was developed. The aim of this study is to assess the validity and reliability of the SFQ. Methods Based on existing literature and expert consultation the ten-item SFQ was composed. Data on the SFQ were obtained from 5 prospective studies (N?=?3233) in inpatient or day surgery patients. These data were used for exploratory factor analysis (EFA), confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), reliability analysis and validity analysis. Results EFA in Study 1 and 2 revealed a two-factor structure with one factor associated with fear of the short-term consequences of surgery (SFQ-s, item 1–4) and the other factor with fear of the long-term consequences of surgery (SFQ-l, item 5–10). However, in both studies two items of the SFQ-l had low factor loadings. Therefore in Study 3 and 4 the 2-factor structure was tested and confirmed by CFA in an eight-item version of the SFQ. Across all studies significant correlations of the SFQ with pain catastrophizing, state anxiety, and preoperative pain intensity indicated good convergent validity. Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) was between 0.765–0.920 (SFQ-total), 0.766–0.877 (SFQ-s), and 0.628–0.899 (SFQ-l). The SFQ proved to be sensitive to detect differences based on age, sex, education level, employment status and preoperative pain intensity. Discussion The SFQ is a valid and reliable eight-item index of surgical fear consisting of two subscales: fear of the short-term consequences of surgery and fear of the long-term consequences. PMID:24960025

  15. Tradução para a língua portuguesa, adaptação cultural e validação do Breast Evaluation Questionnaire / Brazilian version of the Breast Evaluation Questionnaire: cultural adaptation and validation

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Lia Fleissig, Ferreira; Miguel, Sabino Neto; Mayara Mytzi de Aquino, Silva; Vanessa Contato Lopes, Resende; Lydia Masako, Ferreira.

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Dados mensuráveis de resultados em cirurgia plástica são escassos. Nos últimos anos, instrumentos de medida de qualidade de vida vêm sendo utilizados em escala mundial. Não há instrumentos válidos e adaptados no Brasil para avaliar qualidade de vida especificamente para cirurgia das mama [...] s. O objetivo deste estudo é traduzir para o português, adaptar culturalmente e validar o Breast Evaluation Questionnaire (BEQ 55) para uso no País. MÉTODO: Foram realizadas duas traduções e duas traduções reversas do instrumento, intercaladas por revisões de comitê multidisciplinar. A adaptação cultural foi feita com aplicação do questionário a grupos de 20 pacientes do ambulatório de cirurgia plástica, com modificações pertinentes para melhora do entendimento. Para testar a reprodutibilidade e a validade de construção, 20 pacientes foram entrevistados em duas ocasiões: na primeira, por entrevistadores diferentes, e na segunda (após 7 dias a 14 dias), por apenas um deles. Na primeira, foi aplicado também o Short-Form 36. RESULTADOS: Na adaptação cultural, foram modificadas todas as questões para facilitar o entendimento. Um novo grupo obteve boa compreensão de todas as questões. A consistência interna do instrumento variou de 0,931 a 0,936. O coeficiente de reprodutibilidade interobservador foi de 0,962 e o intraobservador, de 0,919. Apenas os domínios do SF-36 capacidade funcional, estado geral de saúde e aspectos emocionais tiveram correlação com o escore total do BEQ 55. CONCLUSÕES: O questionário foi traduzido e adaptado com sucesso, sendo a versão brasileira denominada Questionário de Avaliação das Mamas (BEQ-Brasil), e provou ser válido e reprodutível. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Measurable data on plastic surgery outcomes are scarce. In recent years, questionnaires to measure quality of life have been used globally. In Brazil, there are no questionnaires validated and adapted in the Brazilian population that specifically assess quality of life after breast surge [...] ry. The aim of this study was to translate the Breast Evaluation Questionnaire (BEQ 55) into Portuguese, and culturally adapt and validate the translation for use in Brazil. METHODS: Two translations, two revisions by a multidisciplinary group, and two back translations of the questionnaire were performed. Cultural adaptation was performed by applying the questionnaire to groups of 20 patients from the plastic surgery outpatient clinic. The questionnaire included relevant modifications for better understanding of the questions. To test the questionnaire's reproducibility and validity, 20 patients were interviewed on two separate occasions. On the first occasion, they were interviewed by different interviewers, and on the second occasion (after 7 days and after 14 days), by only one. In addition, the Short-Form 36 was applied during the first interview. RESULTS: During cultural adaptation, questions were modified to facilitate the patients' understanding. A new group was tested to confirm that items were understood. Internal consistency of the questionnaire ranged between 0.931 and 0.936. The interobserver reproducibility coefficient was 0.962, and the intraobserver reproducibility coefficient was 0.919. Only the domains of the SF-36 regarding functional capacity, general health status, and emotional aspects correlated with the total score of the BEQ 55. CONCLUSIONS: The BEQ 55 questionnaire was successfully translated and adapted. The Brazilian version was called "Questionário de Avaliação das Mamas (BEQ-Brasil)" and was demonstrated to be valid and reproducible.

  16. Validity of the Modified Baecke Questionnaire: comparison with energy expenditure according to the doubly labeled water method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peeters Petra HM

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In epidemiological research, physical activity is usually assessed by questionnaires. Questionnaires are suitable for large study populations since they are relatively inexpensive and not very time consuming. However, questionnaire information is by definition subjective and prone to recall bias, especially among elderly subjects. The Modified Baecke Questionnaire, developed by Voorrips and coworkers, measures habitual physical activity in the elderly. The questionnaire includes questions on household activities, sports, and leisure time activities, over a time period of one year. The Modified Baecke Questionnaire results in a score to classify people as high, moderate, or low in daily physical activity, based on tertiles. Methods The validity of the Modified Baecke Questionnaire score was assessed among 21 elderly men and women using the doubly labeled water method as the reference criterion. This method is considered to be the gold standard for measuring energy expenditure in free-living individuals. Energy expenditure on physical activity is estimated by the ratio of total energy expenditure measured by the doubly labeled water method and resting metabolic rate measured by indirect calorimetry. This ratio is called the physical activity ratio. Results The Spearman correlation coefficient between the questionnaire score and the physical activity ratio (PAR was 0.54 (95% CI 0.22–0.66. Correct classification by the questionnaire occurred in 71% of participants who were in the lowest tertile of PAR, in 14% of participants in the middle tertile, and in 43% of participants in the highest tertile. Subjects were not wrongly classified in an opposite tertile. Conclusion The validity of the Modified Baecke Questionnaire is fair-to-moderate. This study shows that the questionnaire can correctly classify individuals as low or high active, but does a poor job for moderately active individuals.

  17. Measurement of psychosocial health in medical students: Validation of the Jefferson Medical College's Questionnaire in Mexico

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Adelina, Alcorta; Jesús, Ancer; Donato, Saldívar; Santos, Guzmán; María V., Bermúdez; Juan, Montes; Juan F., González; Silvia, Tavitas; Francisco J., Rodríguez; Marco V., Gómez; Ana M., Salinas; Mohammadreza, Hojat; Stefan M., Fernández Zambrano.

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Como la literatura consigna, los estudiantes y profesionales de la Medicina en comparación con la población general y de otras carreras conforman una población que resulta vulnerable frente a los trastornos de salud psicosocial. En la investigación psicosocial de la educación médica un punto clave c [...] orresponde a la identificación de medidas relevantes con cualidades psicométricas. En el presente trabajo se analiza la validez y confiabilidad de un conjunto de escalas psicosociales aplicadas a 3.603 alumnos de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (México). Las escalas administradas fueron: Soledad, Ansiedad ante los exámenes, Ansiedad general, Autoestima, Extroversión, Locus de control externo, Neuroticismo, Depresión, Eventos estresantes en la vida, Percepción de relaciones tempranas con los padres y amigos y Percepción de estado de salud general. Estas escalas fueron propuestas por investigadores de la Escuela de Medicina de Jefferson (Estados Unidos). Se confirmó la unidimensionalidad y la validez de constructo de las mediciones de Soledad, Ansiedad ante los exámenes, Ansiedad general, Autoestima y Extroversión. Así también, la magnitud y dirección de las correlaciones interescalas apoyaron la validez convergente y discriminante, con excepción de Locus de control externo y Neuroticismo. Los resultados confirman las propiedades psicométricas de las escalas, las cuales son útiles para proveer información a los educadores médicos y a profesionales de la salud mental en la detección temprana de problemas psicosociales quienes en conjunto pueden coadyuvar en la optimización de la salud mental de los estudiantes de escuelas de Medicina a través de programas académicos acordes a sus necesidades. Abstract in english The greater the psychosocial health, the greater is the well-being and the capacity for adaptation and overcoming problems and common life frustrations in family, relationships, and work. Medical students and practicing physicians, in comparison with the general population and that of other professi [...] ons, are exposed to academic and professional stress and therefore are vulnerable to psychosocial health problems and certain specific dysfunctions that may compromise their physical, mental, and social health. In the field of psychosocial research in medical education, the key issue is to find relevant and psychometrically sound measures. The Jefferson Medical College's Psychosocial Questionnaire contains abridged versions of nine personality tests, as well as questions about respondents' relationships with parents in the first five years of life and with classmates in the early schooling. The scales in the questionnaire have shown satisfactory internal consistency reliability and construct validity through factor analysis. To our knowledge, in Mexico, there is not a specific questionnaire that measures psychosocial profile in a non-clinical population such as medical students. The present study adapted and translated the questionnaire from English to Spanish in order to evaluate its validity and reliability in Mexican medical students, to further learn its predictive validity of academic performance. In this study, we compared the factor structure in Mexico to the results obtained in the United States research. Implications for predicting academic and clinical performance of medical students and physicians were discussed. Study participants consisted of 3,603 matriculates at the Escuela de Medicina de la Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (Mexico). Psychosocial measures included Loneliness, Test anxiety, General anxiety, Self-esteem, Extroversion, External locus of control, Neuroticism, Depression, Stressful life events, Perceptions of early relationships with mother and father, Peer relationships and Perception of health, used by researchers at Jefferson Medical College in the United States. The items were translated into Spanish and back translated from Spanish to English, following the guidelines for adaptation of instrument

  18. Biochemical Validation of the Older Australian’s Food Frequency Questionnaire Using Carotenoids and Vitamin E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun S. Lai

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Validation of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ is important, as inaccurate and imprecise information may affect the association between dietary exposure and health outcomes. Objective: This study assessed the validity of the Older Australian’s FFQ against plasma carotenoids and Vitamin E. Methods: A random subsample (n = 150 of 2420 participants in the Hunter Community Study, aged 55–85 years, were included. Correlations between crude and energy-adjusted FFQ estimates of carotenoids, Vitamin E, and fruit and vegetables with corresponding biomarkers were determined. Percentages of participants correctly classified in the same quartile, and in the same ± 1 quartile, by the two methods were calculated. Results: Significant correlations (P < 0.05 were observed for ?-carotene (r = 0.26–0.28, ?-carotene (r = 0.21–0.25, and ?-cryptoxanthin (r = 0.21–0.23. Intakes of fruits and vegetables also showed similar correlations with these plasma carotenoids. Lycopene was only significantly correlated with fruit and vegetable intakes (r = 0.19–0.23. Weak correlations were observed for lutein + zeaxanthin (r = 0.12–0.16. For Vitamin E, significant correlation was observed for energy-adjusted FFQ estimate and biomarker (r = 0.20. More than 68% of individuals were correctly classified within the same or adjacent quartile, except for lutein + zeaxanthin. Conclusion: With the exception of lutein + zeaxanthin, the Older Australian’s FFQ provides reasonable rankings for individuals according to their carotenoids, Vitamin E, fruit and vegetable intakes.

  19. Screening for personality disorders: A new questionnaire and its validation using Latent Class Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Lange

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: We evaluated a new screening instrument for personality disorders. The Personality Disorder Screening (PDS is a self-administered screening questionnaire that includes 12 items from the Personality Self Portrait (Oldham & Morris, 1990. Sampling and methods: The data of n = 966 participants recruited from the non-clinical population and from different clinical settings were analyzed using latent class analysis. Results: A 4-class model fitted the data best. It confirmed a classification model for personality disorders proposed by Gunderson (1984 and showed high reliability and validity. One class corresponded to “healthy” individuals (40.6 %, and one class to individuals with personality disorders (17.2 %. Two additional classes represented individuals with specific personality styles. Evidence for convergent validity was found in terms of strong associations of the classification with the Structured Clinical Interview (SCID-II for diagnosing personality disorders. The latent classes also showed theoretically expected associations with membership in different subsamples. Conclusions: The PDS shows promise as a new instrument for identifying different classes of personality disorder severity already at the screening stage of the diagnostic process.

  20. Catalan and Hungarian validation of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire (ZKA-PQ).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Surányi, Zsuzsanna; Aluja, Anton

    2014-01-01

    The goal of this study was to examine the cross-cultural validity and reliability of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire (ZKA-PQ) - a recently published instrument for assessing the Zuckerman's Alternative Five Factor Personality Model - in Catalan and Hungarian speaking populations. The samples consisted of 1,564 subjects from Catalonia and 1,647 from Hungary. Results showed a clear five-factor structure and acceptable alpha reliabilities of the ZKA-PQ in both countries. Facets alpha average was 80.35 and 74.10 for Catalans and Hungarians respectively. The factorial congruency coefficients indicated that both structures were equivalent, with a global value of .97. However, the robust structure obtained with EFA yielded poor fit indices in the subsequent CFA. Altogether, the psychometric findings were similar to those obtained in the original validation study carried out in Spanish and English populations. Main country differences were found only in Neuroticism factor, with Hungarians scoring significantly lower that Catalans. Nevertheless, country, sex and age explained only 18.6 % of Neuroticism variance (adjusted R squared = .186). Country differences had only medium effect size [F(1, 3188) = 292, p < .001, ?2 = .084 1 ]. PMID:25011419

  1. The emotion regulation questionnaire: validation of the ERQ-9 in two community samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spaapen, Devon L; Waters, Flavie; Brummer, Laura; Stopa, Lusia; Bucks, Romola S

    2014-03-01

    The 10-item Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) was developed by Gross and John (2003) to measure the habitual use of 2 emotion regulation strategies: reappraisal and suppression. Several studies using student samples have provided validation for the ERQ, although the only article (Wiltink et al., 2011) that evaluated the ERQ in a community sample was unable to replicate the original factor structure. Before using the ERQ in non-student samples, it is important to validate the scale in a sample broadly representative of the adult population and to determine the influence of demographic variables. The current study examined the psychometric properties of the ERQ in 2 community samples (Australia, N = 550; United Kingdom, N = 483; 17-95 years of age) using confirmatory analysis. The original ERQ factor structure was not supported by either the Australian or United Kingdom samples. However, with the removal of 1 item, a strong model fit was obtained for both samples (9-item ERQ [ERQ-9]). Using measurement invariance tests, the revised ERQ-9 was found to be equivalent across the samples and demographics (age, gender, and education). Gender, depression, anxiety, and stress were the only factors that were significantly associated with reappraisal and suppression use. Overall, the ERQ-9 provides better fit of the data than the 10-item ERQ. The utility of this measure is enhanced by the provision of normative data for males and females. PMID:24059476

  2. Validation of the Croatian and Lebanese Revised Illness Perception Questionnaires for Healthy People (IPQ-RH).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrak, A; Sherman, K A; Fitness, J

    2015-05-01

    The absence of Croatian- and Arabic-language measures to assess illness representations has contributed to lack of research among Croatian and Lebanese populations. Utilising the robust confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) approach, this study aimed to validate Croatian and Arabic versions of the Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire for Healthy People (IPQ-RH) in the breast and cervical cancer contexts, and compared these illness perceptions among Croatian and Lebanese women living in Australia. Forward and back-translated versions of the IPQ-RH were administered in Croatian to Croatian-born (n = 238), and Arabic to Lebanese-born (n = 240) women. The IPQ-RH illness perceptions were assessed for each cancer type, and the Negative Affect (NA) subscale of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) assessed discriminant validity. The CFA method demonstrated acceptable models across the Croatian and Lebanese IPQ-RH measures. The internal reliabilities for the IPQ-RH subscales were adequate and the subscales had low correlations with the NA subscale of the PANAS, indicating that the IPQ-RH measures are largely distinguishable from negative affective dispositions. These findings demonstrate that the Croatian and Lebanese IPQ-RH breast and cervical cancer measures have a factor structure similar to the originally developed IPQ-RH scale and provide further support for the theoretically developed illness representations. PMID:24372964

  3. [Validation of the Questionnaire of Emotional Maladjustment and Adaptive Resources in Infertility (DERA)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno-Rosset, Carmen; Antequera Jurado, Rosario; Jenaro Río, Cristina

    2009-02-01

    Validation of the Questionnaire of Emotional Maladjustment and Adaptive Resources in Infertility (DERA). Given the absence of measures to help psychologists working with infertile couples, this paper presents the process of developing a standardized measure to assess emotional maladjustment and adaptive resources in this population. A cross-sectional design was utilized to gather data from the assisted reproduction units of two public hospitals. Preliminary analyses were performed with a sample of 85 infertile patients. Psychometric properties of the measure were tested with a second sample of 490 infertile patients. Concerning reliability analyses, alpha indexes were adequate both for the measure and its factors. Concerning validity, second-order factor analysis yielded a four-factor solution that conjointly explains 56% of the total variance. Additional analyses with a third sample of 50 participants from the general population matched with a sample of 50 infertile participants were performed. In sum, this measure seems to be a useful psychological assessment tool to determine emotional adjustment, and individual, and interpersonal resources, for coping with infertility diagnosis and treatment. PMID:19178866

  4. Validation of the structural coherency of the General Health Questionnaire Validação da coerência estrutural do Questionário de Saúde Geral

    OpenAIRE

    Hudson Wander de Carvalho; Patrick, Christopher J.; Miguel Roberto Jorge; Sérgio Baxter Andreoli

    2011-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Investigate the structural coherency of the 60-item version of the General Health Questionnaire via exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. METHOD: The study design is a cross-sectional survey. A random sample of 146 individuals from the city of Divinópolis-MG volunteered to participate in the present study and responded to the 60-item version of the General Health Questionnaire adapted and validated for use in Brazil. Statistics consisted of exploratory and confirmatory fac...

  5. Criterion validity of the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire and one- and two-item depression screens in young adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    McCauley Elizabeth; Lymp James; Tracy Melissa; Simpson Kate; Rhew Isaac C; Tsuang Debby; Stoep Ann

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background The use of short screening questionnaires may be a promising option for identifying children at risk for depression in a community setting. The objective of this study was to assess the validity of the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ) and one- and two-item screening instruments for depressive disorders in a school-based sample of young adolescents. Methods Participants were 521 sixth-grade students attending public middle schools. Child and parent versions of t...

  6. Validity of Electronically Administered Recent Physical Activity Questionnaire (RPAQ) in Ten European Countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Golubic, Rajna; May, Anne M

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of the Recent Physical Activity Questionnaire (RPAQ) which assesses physical activity (PA) in 4 domains (leisure, work, commuting, home) during past month. METHODS: 580 men and 1343 women from 10 European countries attended 2 visits at which PA energy expenditure (PAEE), time at moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and sedentary time were measured using individually-calibrated combined heart-rate and movement sensing. At the second visit, RPAQ was administered electronically. Validity was assessed using agreement analysis. RESULTS: RPAQ significantly underestimated PAEE in women [median(IQR) 34.1 (22.1, 52.2) vs. 40.6 (32.4, 50.9) kJ/kg/day, 95%LoA: -44.4, 63.4 kJ/kg/day) and in men (43.7 (29.0, 69.0) vs. 45.5 (34.1, 57.6) kJ/kg/day, 95%LoA: -47.2, 101.3 kJ/kg/day]. Using individualised definition of 1MET, RPAQ significantly underestimated MVPA in women [median(IQR): 62.1 (29.4, 124.3) vs. 73.6 (47.8, 107.2) min/day, 95%LoA: -130.5, 305.3 min/day] and men [82.7 (38.8, 185.6) vs.83.3 (55.1, 125.0) min/day, 95%LoA: -136.4, 400.1 min/day]. Correlations (95%CI) between subjective and objective estimates were statistically significant [PAEE: women, rho?=?0.20 (0.15-0.26); men, rho?=?0.37 (0.30-0.44); MVPA: women, rho?=?0.18 (0.13-0.23); men, rho?=?0.31 (0.24-0.39)]. When using non-individualised definition of 1MET (3.5 mlO2/kg/min), MVPA was substantially overestimated (?30 min/day). Revisiting occupational intensity assumptions in questionnaire estimation algorithms with occupational group-level empirical distributions reduced median PAEE-bias in manual (25.1 kJ/kg/day vs. -9.0 kJ/kg/day, p<0.001) and heavy manual workers (64.1 vs. -4.6 kJ/kg/day, p<0.001) in an independent hold-out sample. CONCLUSION: Relative validity of RPAQ-derived PAEE and MVPA is comparable to previous studies but underestimation of PAEE is smaller. Electronic RPAQ may be used in large-scale epidemiological studies including surveys, providing information on all domains of PA.

  7. Validity of electronically administered Recent Physical Activity Questionnaire (RPAQ) in ten European countries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Golubic, Rajna; May, Anne M

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of the Recent Physical Activity Questionnaire (RPAQ) which assesses physical activity (PA) in 4 domains (leisure, work, commuting, home) during past month. METHODS: 580 men and 1343 women from 10 European countries attended 2 visits at which PA energy expenditure (PAEE), time at moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) and sedentary time were measured using individually-calibrated combined heart-rate and movement sensing. At the second visit, RPAQ was administered electronically. Validity was assessed using agreement analysis. RESULTS: RPAQ significantly underestimated PAEE in women [median(IQR) 34.1 (22.1, 52.2) vs. 40.6 (32.4, 50.9) kJ/kg/day, 95%LoA: -44.4, 63.4 kJ/kg/day) and in men (43.7 (29.0, 69.0) vs. 45.5 (34.1, 57.6) kJ/kg/day, 95%LoA: -47.2, 101.3 kJ/kg/day]. Using individualised definition of 1MET, RPAQ significantly underestimated MVPA in women [median(IQR): 62.1 (29.4, 124.3) vs. 73.6 (47.8, 107.2) min/day, 95%LoA: -130.5, 305.3 min/day] and men [82.7 (38.8, 185.6) vs.83.3 (55.1, 125.0) min/day, 95%LoA: -136.4, 400.1 min/day]. Correlations (95%CI) between subjective and objective estimates were statistically significant [PAEE: women, rho = 0.20 (0.15-0.26); men, rho = 0.37 (0.30-0.44); MVPA: women, rho = 0.18 (0.13-0.23); men, rho = 0.31 (0.24-0.39)]. When using non-individualised definition of 1MET (3.5 mlO2/kg/min), MVPA was substantially overestimated (? 30 min/day). Revisiting occupational intensity assumptions in questionnaire estimation algorithms with occupational group-level empirical distributions reduced median PAEE-bias in manual (25.1 kJ/kg/day vs. -9.0 kJ/kg/day, p<0.001) and heavy manual workers (64.1 vs. -4.6 kJ/kg/day, p<0.001) in an independent hold-out sample. CONCLUSION: Relative validity of RPAQ-derived PAEE and MVPA is comparable to previous studies but underestimation of PAEE is smaller. Electronic RPAQ may be used in large-scale epidemiological studies including surveys, providing information on all domains of PA.

  8. The development and validation of the Satisfaction Questionnaire for Osteoporosis Prevention in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toh LS

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Li Shean Toh,1 Pauline Siew Mei Lai,2 David Bin-Chia Wu,3 Kok Thong Wong,1 Bee Yean Low,1 Alexander Tong Boon Tan,4 Claire Anderson5 1School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, Semenyih, Malaysia; 2Department of Primary Care Medicine, University of Malaya Primary Care Research Group, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 3School of Pharmacy, Monash University Malaysia, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia; 4Department of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; 5Division of Social Research in Medicine and Health, School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK Purpose: To develop and validate the English version of the Satisfaction Questionnaire for Osteoporosis Prevention (SQOP in Malaysia.Methods: The SQOP was modified from the Osteoporosis Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire and developed based on literature review and patient interviews. Face and content validity were established via an expert panel. The SQOP consists of two sections: clinical services and types of counseling. There were 23 items in total, each with a five-point Likert-type response. Satisfaction score was calculated by converting the total score to a percentage. A higher score indicates higher satisfaction. English speaking, non-osteoporotic, postmenopausal women aged ?50 years were included in the study. Participants were randomized to either the control or intervention group. Intervention participants were provided counseling, whereas control participants received none. Participants answered the SQOP at baseline and 2 weeks later.Results: A total of 140 participants were recruited (control group: n=70; intervention group: n=70. No significant differences were found in any demographic aspects. Exploratory factor analysis extracted seven domains. Cronbach’s a for the domains ranged from 0.531–0.812. All 23 items were highly correlated using Spearman’s correlation coefficient 0.469–0.996 (P<0.05, with no significant change in the control group’s overall test–retest scores, indicating that the SQOP achieved stable reliability. The intervention group had a higher score than the control group (87.91±5.99 versus 61.87±8.76; P<0.05, indicating that they were more satisfied than control participants. Flesch reading ease was 62.9.Conclusion: The SQOP was found to be a valid and reliable instrument for assessing patients’ satisfaction towards an osteoporosis screening and prevention service in Malaysia. Keywords: patient satisfaction, randomized controlled trial, postmenopausal women, screening

  9. Reliability and validity of a brief method to assess nociceptive flexion reflex (NFR) threshold

    OpenAIRE

    Rhudy, Jamie L.; France, Christopher R.

    2011-01-01

    The nociceptive flexion reflex (NFR) is a physiological tool to study spinal nociception. However, NFR assessment can take several minutes and expose participants to repeated suprathreshold stimulations. These 4 studies assessed the reliability and validity of a brief method to assess NFR threshold that uses a single ascending series of stimulations (Peak 1 NFR), by comparing it to a well-validated method that uses 3 ascending/descending staircases of stimulations (Staircase NFR). Correlation...

  10. Internal Consistency and Concurrent Validity of the Questionnaire for Limitations and Restrictions Assessment in Children with ADHD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Matilde Salamanca-Duque

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: ADHD is one of the most common diagnoses in child psychiatry, its early diagnosis is of great importance for intervention at family, school and social environment. Based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, a questionnaire was designed to assess activity limitations and participation restrictions in children with ADHD. The questionnaire was called “CLARP-ADHD Parent and Teacher Version”. Objective: To determine the degree of internal consistency of the CLARP-ADHD questionnaire, and its concurrent validity with the “Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire SDQ parent and teacher version”. Material and Methods: A sample of 203 children aged 6 to 12 with ADHD, currently attending school in five Colombian cities. The questionnaires were applied to parents and teachers. The internal consistency analysis was performed through Cronbach coefficient and concurrent validity using the Spearman correlation coefficient utilizing multiple and unique predictors through multiple linear regression as well as simple regression models. Results: A high internal consistency was found for global questionnaires for each of its domains. The CLARP-ADHD for parents gave as result an internal consistency of 0.83, and the CLARP-ADHD for teachers one of 0.93. Concurrent validity was found between the CLARP-ADHD and the SDQ Parent and Teacher version; also, concurrence between the CLARPADHD for Teachers and the SDQ Teachers was found, as well as between CLARP ADHD for Parents and CLARP ADHD Teachers, given by p values of p < 0.001.

  11. Development and validation of a managerial decision making self-efficacy questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Wim, Myburgh; Mark B., Watson; Cheryl D., Foxcroft.

    Full Text Available ORIENTATION: Self-efficacy beliefs, given their task-specific nature, are likely to influence managers' perceived decision-making competence depending on fluctuations in their nature and strength as non-ability contributors. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The present research describes the conceptualisation, des [...] ign and measurement of managerial decision-making self-efficacy. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: The absence of a domain-specific measure of the decision-making self-efficacy of managers was the motivation for the development of the Managerial Decisionmaking Self-efficacy Questionnaire (MDMSEQ). RESEARCH APPROACH, DESIGN AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a non-probability convenience sample of managers from various organisations in South Africa. Statistical analysis focused on the construct validity and reliability of items through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis to test the factorial validity of the measure. MAIN FINDINGS: The research offers confirmatory validation of the factorial structure of the MDMSEQ. The results of two studies involving 455 (Study 1, n= 193; Study 2, n= 292) experienced managers evidenced a multidimensional structure and demonstrated respectable subscale internal consistencies. Findings also demonstrated that the MDMSEQ shared little common variance with confidence and problem-solving self-efficacy beliefs. In addition, several model fit indices suggested a reasonable to good model fit for the measurement model. PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: The findings have implications for practical applications in employment selection and development with regard to managerial decision-making. Absence of the assessment of self-efficacy beliefs may introduce systematic, non-performance related variance into managerial decision-making outcomes in spite of abilities that managers possess. CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD: Research on the volition-undermining effect of self-efficacy beliefs has been remarkably prominent, but despite this there are few appropriate measures that can be applied to managers as decision makers in organisations.

  12. Validity and Reliability of the Korean Version of Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bae, Woo Kyung; Son, Ki Young

    2015-01-01

    Background Given that a substantial number of daily activities take place in neighborhoods, a convenient and effective method for measuring the physical activity of individuals is needed. Therefore, we tested the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the Neighborhood Physical Activity Questionnaire (K-NPAQ), which was developed through translation and back-translation of the NPAQ. Methods The K-NPAQ was administered twice, with a 1-week interval, to participants in the study who were recruited at a health promotion center. We assessed energy expenditure and compliance using an accelerometer and an activity diary. The Kappa statistic and Spearman correlation coefficient were used to evaluate the test-retest reliability of the K-NPAQ, and the Spearman rank correlation was used to assess the validity. Results Of the 122 participants, 43 were excluded owing to a lack of compliance. The Kappa values for all items that were used to assess walking or cycling within or outside the neighborhood were >0.424; 0.251-0.902 for 5 items related to the purpose of the physical activity; 0.232-0.912 for most items related to the number of times and the duration for each types of physical activity. The total energy expenditure and the energy expenditure in the neighborhood were significantly correlated with the K-NPAQ and the accelerometer, with correlation coefficients of 0.192-0.264. Conclusion The K-NPAQ is a valid and reliable tool for measuring physical activity in the neighborhood, and it can be used for individual education and counseling in order to augment physical activity in specific neighborhood environments. PMID:26019763

  13. Development and validation of the Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-4 (SATAQ-4).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Lauren M; Burke, Natasha L; Thompson, J Kevin; Dedrick, Robert F; Heinberg, Leslie J; Calogero, Rachel M; Bardone-Cone, Anna M; Higgins, Mary K; Frederick, David A; Kelly, Mackenzie; Anderson, Drew A; Schaumberg, Katherine; Nerini, Amanda; Stefanile, Cristina; Dittmar, Helga; Clark, Elizabeth; Adams, Zoe; Macwana, Susan; Klump, Kelly L; Vercellone, Allison C; Paxton, Susan J; Swami, Viren

    2015-03-01

    The Sociocultural Attitudes Towards Appearance Questionnaire-3 (SATAQ-3) and its earlier versions are measures designed to assess societal and interpersonal aspects of appearance ideals. Correlational, structural equation modeling, and prospective studies of the SATAQ-3 have shown consistent and significant associations with measures of body image disturbance and eating pathology. In the current investigation, the SATAQ-3 was revised to improve upon some conceptual limitations and was evaluated in 4 U.S. and 3 international female samples, as well as a U.S. male sample. In Study 1, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses for a sample of women from the Southeastern United States (N = 859) indicated a 22-item scale with 5 factors: Internalization: Thin/Low Body Fat, Internalization: Muscular/Athletic, Pressures: Family, Pressures: Media, Pressures: Peers. This scale structure was confirmed in 3 independent and geographically diverse samples of women from the United States (East Coast N = 440, West Coast N = 304, and North/Midwest N = 349). SATAQ-4 scale scores demonstrated excellent reliability and good convergent validity with measures of body image, eating disturbance, and self-esteem. Study 2 replicated the factorial validity, reliability, and convergent validity of the SATAQ-4 in an international sample of women drawn from Italy, England, and Australia (N = 362). Study 3 examined a sample of college males from the United States (N = 271); the 5-factor solution was largely replicated, yet there was some evidence of an underlying structure unique to men. Future research avenues include additional item testing and modification of the scale for men, as well as adaptation of the measure for children and adolescents. PMID:25285718

  14. DESIGN AND VALIDATION OF THE EMOTIONAL DEPENDENCE QUESTIONNAIRE IN COLOMBIAN POPULATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lemos Hoyos, Mariantonia

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research project was to construct and validate an instrument to assess Emotional Dependency. The population sample was taken from the Metropolitan Area of Medellín (Colombia and consisted of 815 participants, of which 506 (62.1% were women and 309 (37.9% were men, between the ages of 16 and 55 years old. The original questionnaire contained 66 items, and by means of a factor analysis test,43 of them were excluded for not complying with the selection criteria. Thus, the final questionnaire consisted of 23 items and six factors. The Cronbach Alpha score for the total scale was 0.927, which explained 65% of the variance, whereas for each specific factor the Alpha Scores obtained were the following: Factor 1: Separation Anxiety (7 items, a = 0.87; Factor 2: Couple’s Affective Expression (4 items, a = 0.84; Factor 3: Change of Plans (4 items, a = 0.75; Factor 4: Fear of Loneliness (3 items, a = 0.8; Factor 5: Borderline Expression (3 items, a = 0.62, and Factor 6: Attention seeking (2 items, a = 0.7.8. Significant differences related to gender were found in the different subscales. The highest scores for the female population were obtained in Factors 2 and 4, Couple’s Affective Expression and Fear of Loneliness, whereas men reported higher scores in Factor 6: Attention Seeking. With respect to age, it was found that the highest scores corresponded to the subscales Change of Plans and Borderline Expression in the Adolescent and Young Adult Population

  15. Validation of the translated Oxford ankle foot questionnaire in 82 Danish children aged between five and 16 years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinkevich, P; MØller-Madsen, B

    2015-01-01

    We present the validation of a translation into Danish of the Oxford ankle foot questionnaire (OxAFQ). We followed the Isis Pros guidelines for translation and pilot-tested the questionnaire on ten children and their parents. Following modifications we tested the validity of the final questionnaire on 82 children (36 boys and 45 girls) with a mean age of 11.7 years (5.5 to 16.0) and their parents. We tested the reliability (repeatability (test-retest), child-parent agreement, internal consistency), feasibility (response rate, time to completion, floor and ceiling effects) and construct validity. The generic child health questionnaire was used for comparison. We found good internal consistency for the physical and the school and play domains, but lower internal consistency for the emotional domain. Overall, good repeatability was found within children and parents as well as agreement between children and parents. The OxAFQ was fast and easy to complete, but we observed a tendency towards ceiling effects in theschool and play and emotional domains. To our knowledge this is the first independent validation of the OxAFQ in any language. We found it valid and feasible for use in the clinic to assess the impact on children's lives of foot and/or ankle disorders. It is a valuable research tool. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2015;97-B:420-6.

  16. Versão em português do Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire: estudo da validade e reprodutibilidade / Portuguese-language version of the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire: a validity and reproducibility study

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Graciane Laender, Moreira; Fábio, Pitta; Dionei, Ramos; Cinthia Sousa Carvalho, Nascimento; Danielle, Barzon; Demétria, Kovelis; Ana Lúcia, Colange; Antonio Fernando, Brunetto; Ercy Mara Cipulo, Ramos.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a validade e a reprodutibilidade de uma versão em português do Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ) em pacientes com DPOC. MÉTODOS: A versão em português do CRQ (fornecida pela Universidade de McMaster, detentora dos direitos do questionário) foi aplicada a 50 pacientes portad [...] ores de DPOC (32 homens; 70 ± 8 anos; VEF1 = 47 ± 18% predito) em dois momentos, com intervalo de uma semana. O CRQ tem quatro domínios (dispneia, fadiga, função emocional e autocontrole) e foi aplicado em formato de entrevista. O Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), já validado em português, foi utilizado como o critério de validação. A espirometria e o teste da caminhada de seis minutos (TC6) foram realizados para a análise das correlações com os valores do CRQ. RESULTADOS: Não foram observadas diferenças significativas entre a aplicação e a reaplicação do CRQ (p > 0.05 para todos os domínios). O coeficiente de correlação intraclasse entre a aplicação e a reaplicação foi de 0,98; 0,97; 0,98 e 0,95 para os domínios dispneia, fadiga, função emocional e autocontrole, respectivamente. O coeficiente alfa de Cronbach foi 0,91. Os domínios do CRQ se correlacionaram significativamente com os domínios do SGRQ (-0.30 Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity and reproducibility of a Portuguese-language version of the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire (CRQ) in patients with COPD. METHODS: A Portuguese-language version of the CRQ (provided by McMaster University, the holder of the questionnaire copyright) was applied t [...] o 50 patients with COPD (70 ± 8 years of age; 32 males; FEV1 = 47 ± 18% of predicted) on two occasions, one week apart. The CRQ has four domains (dyspnea, fatigue, emotional function, and mastery) and was applied as an interviewer-administered instrument. The Saint George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), already validated for use in Brazil, was used as the criterion for validation. Spirometry and the six-minute walk test (6MWT) were performed to analyze the correlations with the CRQ scores. RESULTS: There were no significant CRQ test-retest differences (p > 0.05 for all domains). The test-retest intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.98, 0.97, 0.98 and 0.95 for the dyspnea, fatigue, emotional function and mastery domains, respectively. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.91. The CRQ domains correlated significantly with the SGRQ domains (-0.30

  17. Assessing validity of a short food frequency questionnaire on present dietary intake of elderly Icelanders

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    Eysteinsdottir Tinna

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Few studies exist on the validity of food frequency questionnaires (FFQs administered to elderly people. The aim of this study was to assess the validity of a short FFQ on present dietary intake, developed specially for the AGES-Reykjavik Study, which includes 5,764 elderly individuals. Assessing the validity of FFQs is essential before they are used in studies on diet-related disease risk and health outcomes. Method 128 healthy elderly participants (74 y ± 5.7; 58.6% female answered the AGES-FFQ, and subsequently filled out a 3-day weighed food record. Validity of the AGES-FFQ was assessed by comparing its answers to the dietary data obtained from the weighed food records, using Spearman's rank correlation, Chi-Square/Kendall's tau, and a Jonckheere-Terpstra test for trend. Result For men a correlation ? 0.4 was found for potatoes, fresh fruits, oatmeal/muesli, cakes/cookies, candy, dairy products, milk, pure fruit juice, cod liver oil, coffee, tea and sugar in coffee/tea (r = 0.40-0.71. A lower, but acceptable, correlation was also found for raw vegetables (r = 0.33. The highest correlation for women was found for consumption of rye bread, oatmeal/muesli, raw vegetables, candy, dairy products, milk, pure fruit juice, cod liver oil, coffee and tea (r = 0.40-0.61. An acceptable correlation was also found for fish topping/salad, fresh fruit, blood/liver sausage, whole-wheat bread, and sugar in coffee/tea (r = 0.28-0.37. Questions on meat/fish meals, cooked vegetables and soft drinks did not show a significant correlation to the reference method. Pearson Chi-Square and Kendall's tau showed similar results, as did the Jonckheere-Terpstra trend test. Conclusion A majority of the questions in the AGES-FFQ had an acceptable correlation and may be used to rank individuals according to their level of intake of several important foods/food groups. The AGES-FFQ on present diet may therefore be used to study the relationship between consumption of several specific foods/food groups and various health-related endpoints gathered in the AGES-Reykjavik Study.

  18. Translation and validation of a questionnaire to assess the diagnosis and management of dementia in greek general practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prokopiadou, Dimitra; Papadakaki, Maria; Roumeliotaki, Theano; Komninos, Ioannis D; Bastas, Charalampos; Iatraki, Eliza; Saridaki, Aristoula; Tatsioni, Athina; Manyon, Andrea; Lionis, Christos

    2015-06-01

    The aim of this study was to translate and validate the Alzheimer's Disease Knowledge scale (ADKS) in a population of Greek general practitioners (GPs). The international standards for the forward and back translation approach were followed. For the validation step, 112 GPs, treating dementia in their daily practices, were enrolled from Crete. The questionnaire was assessed for the following psychometric properties: intraclass reliability, test-retest reliability, and construct and face validity. Internal consistency of the Greek ADKS was satisfactory (? = .65). A high repeatability of the instrument was found during the retest with 27 GPs (intraclass correlation coefficient = 1.0). Factor analysis showed that all the items from the original instrument can be used in the Greek version. The inter-item correlation revealed a high cross-correlation between the items of the questionnaire (? > .6). The data confirmed the validity of the Greek version of the ADKS for measuring GPs' knowledge on the diagnosis and management of dementia. PMID:23378485

  19. Assessing Adolescents' Positive Psychological Functioning at School: Development and Validation of the Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Renshaw, Tyler L; Long, Anna C J; Cook, Clayton R

    2014-09-01

    This study reports on the initial development and validation of the Student Subjective Wellbeing Questionnaire (SSWQ) with a sample of 1,002 students in Grades 6-8. The SSWQ is a 16-item self-report instrument for assessing youths' subjective wellbeing at school, which is operationalized via 4 subscales measuring school connectedness, academic efficacy, joy of learning, and educational purpose. The conceptualization and development of the SSWQ's subscales and items are described, and results from a series of preliminary psychometric analyses are reported. Findings indicated that the SSWQ was characterized by 4 conceptually sound latent factors, that these 4 first-order factors were robust indicators of a single second-order factor (i.e., student subjective wellbeing), that all subscales and the composite scale demonstrated at least adequate construct reliability and internal consistency, and that the estimated latent-means for all first-order and second-order factors were invariant across gender. Moreover, results from bivariate correlations and a latent-variable path analysis provided evidence in support of the construct validity of the SSWQ's scales and latent factors, showing strong associations with other student wellbeing indicators (i.e., school prosociality and academic perseverance), while findings from binary logistic regressions demonstrated that overall student subjective wellbeing levels, based on composite scores from the SSWQ, were mildly to-strongly associated with a variety of self-endorsed risk factors (e.g., aggression and self-harm) and protective factors (e.g., social support and physical exercise). Implications for theory, research, and the practice of school psychology are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25180834

  20. The Danish Barriers Questionnaire-II: preliminary validation in cancer pain patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Ramune; MØldrup, Claus

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Danish version of the Barriers Questionnaire-II (DBQ-II). METHODS: The validated Norwegian version of the DBQ-II was translated into Danish. Cancer patients for the study were recruited from specialized pain management facilities. Thirty-three patients responded to the DBQ-II, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Brief Pain Inventory pain severity scale. RESULTS: A factor analysis of the DBQ-II resulted in six scales. Scale one, Fatalism, consisted of three items addressing fatalistic beliefs regarding cancer pain management. Scale two, Immune System, consisted of three items addressing the belief that pain medications harm the immune system. Scale three, Monitor, consisted of three items addressing the fear that pain medicine masks changes in one's body. Scale four, Communication, consisted of five items addressing the concern that reports of pain distract the physician from treating the cancer, and the belief that"good" patients do not complain. Scale five, Addiction, consisted of two items addressing the fear of becoming addicted to pain medication. Finally, scale six, Tolerance, consisted of three items addressing the fear of getting tolerant to analgesic effect of pain medicine. Items related to medication side effects were analyzed as separate units. The DBQ-II total had an internal consistency of 0.87. The DBQ-II total score was related to measures of pain relief and anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: The DBQ-II seems to be a reliable and valid measure of the barriers to pain management among Danish cancer patients.

  1. Validación de la versión en español del cuestionario "Epidemiology of Prolapse and Incontinence Questionnaire-EPIQ” / Spanish validation of the Epidemiology of Prolapse and Incontinence Questionnaire-EPIQ

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Montserrat, Espuña Pons; Manuel, Fillol Crespo; María A., Pascual Amorós; Pablo, Rebollo Álvarez; Marta, Prieto Soto.

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La patología de suelo pélvico afecta a un tercio de la población femenina adulta, por lo que un instrumento para su cribado en práctica clínica habitual sería de gran utilidad. En este estudio se evaluaron las propiedades psicométricas de la versión española del cuestionario estadounid [...] ense "Epidemiology of Prolapse and Incontinence Questionnaire-EPIQ” para comprobar su equivalencia al original y poder recomendar su uso en España. Material y métodos: En el estudio se incluyeron 60 mujeres con problemas de suelo pélvico y 60 pacientes control que respondieron a la versión española del EPIC. Para validar formalmente el cuestionario se replicó el análisis estadístico utilizado en la validación del original. Resultados: Factibilidad: 113 mujeres respondieron a todos los ítems del cuestionario y 7 dejaron algún ítem sin contestar. Validez: las dimensiones identificadas fueron: calidad de vida (CV), vejiga hiperactiva (VH), incontinencia anal (IA), dolor y dificultad de vaciado (DDV), disfunción defecatoria (DD), incontinencia urinaria de esfuerzo (IUE) y prolapso pélvico (POP). Se comprobó la validez de contenido comparando las puntuaciones medias de las siete dimensiones entre el grupo de pacientes y el control (prueba T de Student). Los valores predictivos positivos y negativos del cuestionario fueron: POP=92,3% y 82,52%; IUE= 54,34% y 84,93%; VH=60,6% y 84,52% y IA=24,32% y 92,68%. Fiabilidad: el coeficiente alfa de Cronbach global fue 0,94 y para las distintas dimensiones: 0,96 (CV); 0,91 (VH); 0,63 (IA); 0,72 (DDV); 0,75 (DD) y 0,61 (IUE). Discusión: La versión española del cuestionario EPIQ muestra adecuadas factibilidad, validez y fiabilidad para ser utilizado en la práctica clínica como instrumento de cribado de la patología de suelo pélvico. Abstract in english Introduction: One out of three women suffers from pelvic floor disorders. Thus, an instrument to evaluate this pathology in common clinical practice would be very useful. In this study the psychometric characteristics of the Spanish version of the US questionnaire "Epidemiology of Prolapse and Incon [...] tinence Questionnaire-EPIQ” have been evaluated, in order to test its equivalence to the original and allow for its use in Spain. Material and Methods: 60 women with pelvic floor pathology and 60 control women filled in the Spanish version of the EPIC. The questionnaire was validated following the statistical procedure used in the validation of the original form. Results: Factibility: 113 women filled in all questionnaire items and 7 leaved some of them blank. Validity: 7 dimensions were indentified: quality of life (QoL), overactive bladder (OAB), anal incontinence (AI), micturition difficulty/pain (MD/P), functional defecation disorders (FDD), stress urinary incontinence (SUI), and pelvic organ prolapse (POP). The validity of contents was proved comparing the mean scores for each dimension in patients and control (T-student test). Positive and negative predictive values were POP=92,3% and 82,52%; SUI= 54,34% and 84,93%; OAB=60,6% and 84,52% and AI=24,32% and 92,68%. Reliability: Global Cronbach´s-alfa was 0,94 and for the different dimensions: 0,96 (QoL); 0,91 (OAB); 0,63 (AI); 0,72 (MD/P); 0,75 (FDD) y 0,61 (SUI). Discussion: The Spanish version of the EPIC questionnaire presents adequate factibility, validity and reliability to evaluate pelvic floor pathology in clinical practice.

  2. Adapting the Facilitating Conditions Questionnaire (FCQ) for Bilingual Filipino Adolescents: Validating English and Filipino Versions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganotice, Fraide A; Bernardo, Allan B I; King, Ronnel B

    2013-06-01

    This study examined the applicability of the English and Filipino versions of the Facilitating Conditions Questionnaire (FCQ) among Filipino high school students. The FCQ measures the external forces in students' social environments that can influence their motivation for school. It is composed of 11 factors: university intention, school valuing, parent support, teacher support, peer help, leave school, pride from others, negative parent influence, affect to school, negative peer influence, and positive peer influence. It was translated into conversational Filipino. Seven hundred sixty-five high school students answered one of the two language versions. Both within-network and between-network approaches to construct validation were used. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) of the two versions showed good fit. Results of the multigroup CFA indicated that there was invariance in terms of factor loadings for the two versions. Results of the between-network test also showed that the factors in the FCQ correlated systematically with theoretically relevant constructs. Taken together, this study supports the applicability of the FCQ for use with Filipino bilingual adolescents. PMID:23646097

  3. Diagnosis of depression among adolescents – a clinical validation study of key questions and questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirpal Manjit K

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The objective of the study is to improve general practitioners' diagnoses of adolescent depression. Major depression is ranked fourth in the worldwide disability impact. Method/Design Validation of 1 three key questions, 2 SCL-dep6, 3 SCL-10, 4 9 other SCL questions and 5 WHO-5 in a clinical study among adolescents. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI is to be used as the gold standard interview. The project is a GP multicenter study to be conducted in both Norway and Denmark. Inclusion criteria are age (14–16 and fluency in the Norwegian and Danish language. A number of GPs will be recruited from both countries and at least 162 adolescents will be enrolled in the study from the patient lists of the GPs in each country, giving a total of at least 323 adolescent participants. Discussion The proportion of adolescents suffering from depressive disorders also seems to be increasing worldwide. Early interventions are known to reduce this illness. The earlier depression can be identified in adolescents, the greater the advantage. Therefore, we hope to find a suitable questionnaire that could be recommended for GPs.

  4. Development and validation of a 6-item working alliance questionnaire for repeated administrations during psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falkenström, Fredrik; Hatcher, Robert L; Skjulsvik, Tommy; Larsson, Mattias Holmqvist; Holmqvist, Rolf

    2015-03-01

    Recently, researchers have started to measure the working alliance repeatedly across sessions of psychotherapy, relating the working alliance to symptom change session by session. Responding to questionnaires after each session can become tedious, leading to careless responses and/or increasing levels of missing data. Therefore, assessment with the briefest possible instrument is desirable. Because previous research on the Working Alliance Inventory has found the separation of the Goal and Task factors problematic, the present study examined the psychometric properties of a 2-factor, 6-item working alliance measure, adapted from the Working Alliance Inventory, in 3 patient samples (ns = 1,095, 235, and 234). Results showed that a bifactor model fit the data well across the 3 samples, and the factor structure was stable across 10 sessions of primary care counseling/psychotherapy. Although the bifactor model with 1 general and 2 specific factors outperformed the 1-factor model in terms of model fit, dimensionality analyses based on the bifactor model results indicated that in practice the instrument is best treated as unidimensional. Results support the use of composite scores of all 6 items. The instrument was validated by replicating previous findings of session-by-session prediction of symptom reduction using the Autoregressive Latent Trajectory model. The 6-item working alliance scale, called the Session Alliance Inventory, is a promising alternative for researchers in search for a brief alliance measure to administer after every session. PMID:25346997

  5. A questionnaire for determining prevalence of diabetes related foot disease (Q-DFD: construction and validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brand Caroline A

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Community based prevalence for diabetes related foot disease (DRFD has been poorly quantified in Australian populations. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a survey tool to facilitate collection of community based prevalence data for individuals with DRFD via telephone interview. Methods Agreed components of DRFD were identified through an electronic literature search. Expert feedback and feedback from a population based construction sample were sought on the initial draft. Survey reliability was tested using a cohort recruited through a general practice, a hospital outpatient clinic and an outpatient podiatry clinic. Level of agreement between survey findings and either medical record or clinical assessment was evaluated. Results The Questionnaire for Diabetes Related Foot Disease (Q-DFD comprised 12 questions aimed at determining presence of peripheral sensory neuropathy (PN and peripheral vascular disease (PVD, based on self report of symptoms and/or clinical history, and self report of foot ulceration, amputation and foot deformity. Survey results for 38 from 46 participants demonstrated agreement with either clinical assessment or medical record (kappa 0.65, sensitivity 89.0%, and specificity 77.8%. Correlation for individual survey components was moderate to excellent. Inter and intrarater reliability and test re-test reliability was moderate to high for all survey domains. Conclusion The development of the Q-DFD provides an opportunity for ongoing collection of prevalence estimates for DRFD across Australia.

  6. Preliminary validation of a questionnaire to measure basic psychological needs in Physical Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Pires

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The self-determination theory is a psychological approach to motivation that focuses on causes and consequences of human behavior regulation. According several authors, this theoretical framework could provide important information about the student’s motivational process to physical education class, however, in Portugal does not exists any instrument to measure the basic psychological needs in this domain. So, the main propose of this study is the preliminary adaptation to physical education contexts of Basic Psychological Needs Exercise Scale (Portuguese version: BPNESp, and determine their initial psychometrics properties through an exploratory factor analysis. This propose was accomplished with a sample of 150 students (n=150 from de 2nd and 3rd CEB, aged from 11 to 16 years (M = 13.39, SD = 1.44 with different levels of sports practice. Results revealed a factorial structure just like the original model (12 items grouped in 3 factors, with 4 items hitch factor and presents acceptable values of validity and reliability. Those findings allow us to conclude, that questionnaire can be used in future investigations to measure the basic psychological needs in physical education.

  7. Internal construct validity of the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ

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    Lundgren-Nilsson Åsa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Burnout is a mental condition defined as a result of continuous and long-term stress exposure, particularly related to psychosocial factors at work. This paper seeks to examine the psychometric properties of the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Questionnaire (SMBQ for validation of use in a clinical setting. Methods Data from both a clinical (319 and general population (319 samples of health care and social insurance workers were included in the study. Data were analysed using both classical and modern test theory approaches, including Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA and Rasch analysis. Results Of the 638 people recruited into the study 416 (65% persons were working full or part time. Data from the SMBQ failed a CFA, and initially failed to satisfy Rasch model expectations. After the removal of 4 of the original items measuring tension, and accommodating local dependency in the data, model expectations were met. As such, the total score from the revised scale is a sufficient statistic for ascertaining burnout and an interval scale transformation is available. The scale as a whole was perfectly targeted to the joint sample. A cut point of 4.4 for severe burnout was chosen at the intersection of the distributions of the clinical and general population. Conclusion A revised 18 item version of the SMBQ satisfies modern measurement standards. Using its cut point it offers the opportunity to identify potential clinical cases of burnout.

  8. Validation of Home Screening Questionnaire (HSQ) against Home Observation for the Measurement of Environment (HOME).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nair, M K C; Prasanna, G L; Jeyaseelan, L; George, Babu; Resmi, V R; Sunitha, R M

    2009-01-01

    This study was done to validate the screening tool Home Screening Questionnaire (HSQ) against the gold standard Home Observation for the Measurement of Environment (HOME) inventory, using diagnostic test evaluation. Both HOME inventory and HSQ were administered by separate observers, with children less than 3 years of age, among 200 families belonging to 14 anganwadi areas. There was a high sensitivity of 83 and a high specificity of 82 observed for a cutoff point of less than or equal to 19 on HSQ against HOME Inventory as Gold Standard, as was also observed in the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve. The likelihood ratio (LR) for positive test was 4.6 (95 % CI, 3.3 to 6.9) which implies that the families with poor home environment are 4.6 times more likely to have the HSQ score less than or equal to 19 as compared to normal families. The results of this study imply that we can confidently apply the HSQ in developmental evaluation clinics and reserve HOME inventory for research purposes. PMID:19279371

  9. Validating the Children's Behavior Questionnaire in Dutch Children: Psychometric Properties and a Cross-Cultural Comparison of Factor Structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sleddens, Ester F. C.; Kremers, Stef P. J.; Candel, Math J. J. M.; De Vries, Nanne N. K.; Thijs, Carel

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we examined the factorial validity of the Dutch translation of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire (CBQ) and the Very Short Form scores. In addition, we conducted cross-cultural comparisons of temperament structure. In total, 353 parents of 6- to 8-year-olds completed the instrument. The original higher order factor structure of…

  10. Adaptation and Validation of the Course Experience Questionnaire in the Context of Post-Secondary Education in Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Law, Dennis C. S.; Meyer, Jan H. F.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) is a quantitative instrument for collecting student feedback on programme quality that has been tested and practically used in Western university response-contexts. The purpose of this paper is to adapt and partially validate a Chinese translation of the CEQ, for application in the new context of…

  11. Brief Report: Preliminary Reliability, Construct Validity and Standardization of the Auditory Behavior Questionnaire (ABQ) for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egelhoff, Kelsey; Lane, Alison E.

    2013-01-01

    The Auditory Behavior Questionnaire (ABQ) evaluates abnormal behavioral responses to auditory stimulation in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This study reports preliminary reliability, construct validity and standardization of the ABQ. Parents of children with ASD aged 7-21 years (n = 165) completed the ABQ on-line. Cronbach's alpha…

  12. Development, validation and clinical assessment of a short questionnaire to assess disease-related knowledge in inflammatory bowel disease patients.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Keegan, Denise

    2013-02-01

    Only two inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) knowledge scales are available, both primarily aimed at evaluating the effectiveness of clinical education programs. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a short knowledge questionnaire for clinical and academic research purposes.

  13. Quality of life in thalassemia major: Reliability and validity of the Persian version of the SF-36 questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jafari H

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims: The objective of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of the eight-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36 questionnaire translated into Persian for use in Iranian patients with thalassemia major. Materials and Methods: Using a standard "forward-backward" translation procedure, the English language version of the questionnaire was translated into Persian. Two hundred patients with thalassemia major following up at the Thalassemia Center, Dastgheib Hospital, Shiraz, Iran, were enrolled in this study. Statistical Analysis: The reliability and internal consistency of the questionnaire were assessed by Cronbach?s alpha coefficient and Spearman?s correlation, respectively. Validity was assessed using convergent and discriminant validity. Results: The mean age of 200 subjects enrolled in the study was 19.81+/-4.07 years. Reliability analysis showed satisfactory results (Cronbach?s a coefficient = 0.915. The factor analysis showed that all items were in the same groups as previous studies with the exception of role emotional and general health that had been substituted. Most of the patients were in lower range of normal for both mental and physical summary status. Conclusions: The study finding showed that the Persian version of SF-36 questionnaire has a good structural characteristic and is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring the quality of life of patients with thalassemia major.

  14. Validation of the World Health Organization's Quality of Life Questionnaire with Parents of Children with Autistic Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dardas, Latefa A.; Ahmad, Muayyad M.

    2014-01-01

    The World Health Organization's Quality of Life Questionnaire-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) has been used in many studies that target parents of children with Autistic Disorder. However, the measure has yet to be validated and adapted to this sample group whose daily experiences are considered substantially different from those of parents of children…

  15. Tradução, adaptação e evidências de validade da versão brasileira do Overexcitability Questionnaire Two / Translation, adaptation and evidence of validity of the Brazilian version of Overexcitability Questionnaire Two

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Juliana Célia de, Oliveira; Altemir José Gonçalves, Barbosa.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Três estudos foram realizados para traduzir, adaptar para a língua portuguesa e analisar as propriedades psicométricas do Overexcitability Questionnaire Two (OEQ-II) - uma medida de cinco padrões de sobre-excitabilidade (Intelectual, Psicomotor, Sensorial, Emocional e Imaginativo). No primeiro estud [...] o, foram efetuadas tradução, retrotradução, análise por juízes e aplicação piloto a fim de obter evidências de validade de conteúdo do OEQ-II. O Estudo 2 contou com a participação de 282 universitários e analisou a confiabilidade e as evidências de validade baseadas na estrutura interna dessa medida. No terceiro estudo, que teve como amostra 368 universitários, almejou-se obter evidências de validade para o OEQ-II baseadas nas relações com medidas que avaliam constructos análogos. Os resultados revelaram que a versão em português desse questionário possui boa confiabilidade e boas evidências de validade. As limitações do estudo e sugestões para pesquisas futuras são apresentadas no artigo. Abstract in english Three studies was performed in order to translate, adapt to Portuguese language and analyze the psychometric properties of the Overexcitability Questionnaire Two (OEQ-II) - a measure of five overexcitabilities patterns (Intellectual, Psychomotor, Sensual, Emotional, and Imaginational). In the first [...] study, translation, back translation, analysis by judges, and pilot application were performed for obtaining validity evidence of content of the OEQ-II. The Study 2 involved the participation of 282 undergraduate students and it was analyzed reliability and validity evidence based on internal structure of the measure. In the third study, which had as sample 368 undergraduate students, it was aimed to obtain for the OEQ-II validity evidence based on relations with measures that assess similar constructs. The results showed that the version of OEQ-II in Portuguese language has good reliability and good validity evidence. Limitations of this study and suggestions for future researches are analyzed in this article.

  16. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the VISA-A questionnaire for German-speaking Achilles tendinopathy patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nauck Tanja

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Achilles tendinopathy is the predominant overuse injury in runners. To further investigate this overload injury in transverse and longitudinal studies a valid, responsive and reliable outcome measure is demanded. Most questionnaires have been developed for English-speaking populations. This is also true for the VISA-A score, so far representing the only valid, reliable, and disease specific questionnaire for Achilles tendinopathy. To internationally compare research results, to perform multinational studies or to exclude bias originating from subpopulations speaking different languages within one country an equivalent instrument is demanded in different languages. The aim of this study was therefore to cross-cultural adapt and validate the VISA-A questionnaire for German-speaking Achilles tendinopathy patients. Methods According to the "guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures" the VISA-A score was cross-culturally adapted into German (VISA-A-G using six steps: Translation, synthesis, back translation, expert committee review, pretesting (n = 77, and appraisal of the adaptation process by an advisory committee determining the adequacy of the cross-cultural adaptation. The resulting VISA-A-G was then subjected to an analysis of reliability, validity, and internal consistency in 30 Achilles tendinopathy patients and 79 asymptomatic people. Concurrent validity was tested against a generic tendon grading system (Percy and Conochie and against a classification system for the effect of pain on athletic performance (Curwin and Stanish. Results The "advisory committee" determined the VISA-A-G questionnaire as been translated "acceptable". The VISA-A-G questionnaire showed moderate to excellent test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.60 to 0.97. Concurrent validity showed good coherence when correlated with the grading system of Curwin and Stanish (rho = -0.95 and for the Percy and Conochie grade of severity (rho 0.95. Internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha for the total VISA-A-G scores of the patients was calculated to be 0.737. Conclusion The VISA-A questionnaire was successfully cross-cultural adapted and validated for use in German speaking populations. The psychometric properties of the VISA-A-G questionnaire are similar to those of the original English version. It therefore can be recommended as a sufficiently robust tool for future measuring clinical severity of Achilles tendinopathy in German speaking patients.

  17. Validation of selected temperament and personality questionnaires for diagnosing drivers' aptitude for safe driving. A Polish study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ?uczak, Anna; Tarnowski, Adam

    2014-09-01

    This paper presents the results of a study aimed at validating psychological questionnaires evaluating temperamental and personality features. It discusses their usefulness in diagnosing drivers' aptitude for safe driving and working as professional drivers. Three psychological questionnaires were validated: the Formal Characteristics of Behaviour - Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI), the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire - Revised and Short Scale (EPQ-R (S)) and the Impulsiveness Questionnaire (IVE). Three groups of drivers (n=246) aged 19-75 participated in the study. Group I (professional drivers; n=96) and Group II (nonprofessional drivers; n=75) had never been involved in road crashes, whereas Group III (nonprofessional drivers; n=75) were offenders involved in fatal injury road crashes. Criterion-related validity, Cronbach's alpha and Guttman split-half reliability coefficient were in assessing the psychometric properties of the questionnaires. There were some significant differences between Groups II and III for most traits. However, contrary to expectations, higher Emotional Reactivity, Perseveration and lower Endurance as well as higher Neuroticism, Impulsiveness and Venturesomeness were determined for Group II than for Group III. Additionally, the temperament and personality profile of Group II turned out to be less fitted to the profile of safe drivers than that of Group III, whose profile was actually similar to that of Group I. This seems to result from a high tendency for a positive self-presentation among Group I and Group III (a significantly higher result on the Lie scale in comparison with Group II). The results suggest that if psychological tests are to decide on whether a person may be a professional driver or may drive vehicles, the three questionnaires (FCB-TI, EPQ-R(S) and IVE) do not provide a valid diagnosis of professional drivers' aptitude because of drivers' high tendency for positive self-presentation. However, they can be used in job counselling and in screening high-risk drivers. PMID:24831270

  18. Validation of a questionnaire for self-rating of urological and gynaecological morbidity after treatment of gynaecological cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background and purpose: Patient self-assessment of symptom severity provides clinicians and researchers with important information. It is crucial to evaluate the validity of a self-assessment questionnaire in the context of its intended use. The objective of this study was to evaluate the validity of the uro-gynaecological questionnaire (UGQ), a new instrument for patient self-assessment of urological-, genital-, menopausal-, and pain symptomatology in gynaecological cancer patients. Material and methods: The UGQ was developed after literature review, patient- and expert interviews and pilot testing. From February 1992 to October 1992, 88 gynaecological cancer patients were invited to participate in a validation study after the initiation of their primary radiotherapy or chemotherapy. The method of validation investigated whether patients and researchers interpreted the items of the questionnaire in the same way. The patient's written response before interview was compared with an observer rating of the patient's open-ended audio-taped responses to the same questionnaire, administered as an interview. Qualitative recordings by the observer were made to describe potential misinterpretations. Results: The agreement between the patient's and the observer's ratings was high: the median overall agreement was 0.91 (range 0.71-1.00) and the median kappa was 0.88 (range 0.45-1.00). The quantitative and the qualitative results identified a few minor validity problems; especialed a few minor validity problems; especially, the issue of selective reporting, i.e. some patients only reporting those symptoms they considered relevant for the study, which may lead to systematic errors. Conclusions: The results strongly suggest that patients interpret the UGQ items as intended, i.e. they are valid. The UGQ is recommended for patient self-assessment of uro-gynaecological morbidity in gynaecological cancer patients

  19. Development and validation of the quality-of-life adolescent cleft questionnaire in patients with cleft lip and palate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piombino, Pasquale; Ruggiero, Federica; Dell'Aversana Orabona, Giovanni; Scopelliti, Domenico; Bianchi, Alberto; De Simone, Federica; Carnevale, Nina; Brancati, Federica; Iengo, Maurizio; Grassia, Maria Gabriella; Cataldo, Rosanna; Califano, Luigi

    2014-09-01

    Only a few reports in the literature have described the use of specific instruments for assessing the quality of life in adolescents and young adults with cleft lip and palate (CLP). This condition markedly affects their lifestyle, even after surgical treatment. In the present study, we aimed to develop a quality-of-life assessment tool specifically designed for such patients with CLP. Our multidisciplinary team created a questionnaire focused on the physical, psychological, and social satisfaction of adolescents and young adults with CLP, which was adapted from 3 dimensions of the 36-item Short-Form Health Survey. The questionnaire was administered to a randomized sample of 40 adolescents and young adults (aged 16-24 years) with CLP who had completed treatment protocols and 40 (aged 16-24 years) who were not affected by CLP. The statistical results stated that the questionnaire had good reliability and validity; the Cronbach ? coefficient was found to be 0.944. Moreover, factorial analysis confirmed the presence of 3 subscales that were the fundamental components of this questionnaire, which is consistent with the areas theoretically proposed and from which the items were designed and selected. Thus, we validated our novel questionnaire that was administered in the present study and proved its consistency. However, further investigations on a larger population would be useful to confirm these findings. PMID:25010834

  20. "Coercion Experience Scale" (CES - validation of a questionnaire on coercive measures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flammer Erich

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although the authors of a Cochrane Review on seclusion and mechanical restraint concluded that "there is a surprising and shocking lack of published trials" on coercive interventions in psychiatry, there are only few instruments that can be applied in trials. Furthermore, as main outcome variable safety, psychopathological symptoms, and duration of an intervention cannot meet the demand to indicate subjective suffering and impact relevant to posttraumatic stress syndromes. An instrument used in controlled trials should assess the patients' subjective experiences, needs to be applicable to more than one intervention in order to compare different coercive measures and has to account for the specific psychiatric context. Methods The primary version of the questionnaire comprised 44 items, nine items on restrictions to human rights, developed on a clinical basis, and 35 items on stressors, derived from patients' comments during the pilot phase of the study. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA using principal axis factoring (PAF was carried out. The resulting factors were orthogonally rotated via VARIMAX procedure. Items with factor loadings less than .50 were eliminated. The reliability of the subscales was assessed by calculating Cronbach. Results Data of 102 patients was analysed. The analysis yielded six factors which were entitled "Humiliation", "Physical adverse effects", "Separation", "Negative environment", "Fear" and "Coercion". These six factors explained 54.5% of the total variance. Cronbach alpha ranged from .67 to .93, which can be interpreted as a high internal consistency. Convergent and discriminant validity yielded both highly significant results (r = .79, p Conclusions The "Coercion Experience Scale" is an instrument to measure the psychological impact during psychiatric coercive interventions. Its psychometric properties showed satisfying reliability and validity. For purposes of research it can be used to compare different coercive interventions. In clinical practice it can be used as a screening instrument for patients who need support after coercive interventions to prevent consequences from traumatic experiences. Further research is needed to identify possible diagnostic, therapeutic or prognostic implications of the total score and the different subscales. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN70589121

  1. Validation of the Italian version of the "Mood Disorder Questionnaire" for the screening of bipolar disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carpiniello Bernardo

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The study measured the accuracy of the Italian version of the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ as a screening instrument for bipolar disorders in a psychiatric setting. Methods 154 consecutive subjects attending the Division of Psychiatry of the University of Cagliari (Italy, were screened for bipolar disorders using the Italian translation of the MDQ, and diagnostically interviewed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID by physicians. Results On the basis of the SCID: 51 (33.1% received a diagnosis of bipolar or schizoaffective bipolar type disorders, 63 (40.9% were diagnosed as having at least one psychiatric disorder in Axis I (other than bipolar or schizoaffective bipolar type disorders, whilst 40 (25.9% were unaffected by any type of psychiatric disorder. MDQ showed a good accuracy for bipolar or schizoaffective bipolar type disorders: the cut-off 4 had sensitivity 0.90 and specificity 0.58; the cut-off 5 had sensitivity 0.84 and specificity 0.70; and the cut-off 6 had sensitivity 0.76 and specificity 0.86. The accuracy for bipolar II disorders was sufficient but not excellent: the cut-off 4 had sensitivity 0.80 and specificity 0.45; the cut-off 5 had sensitivity 0.70 and specificity 0.55; and the cut-off 6 had sensitivity 0.55 and specificity 0.65. Conclusion Our results seem to indicate a good accuracy of MDQ, and confirm the results of recent surveys conducted in the USA. Moreover the instrument needs to be validated in other settings (e.g. in general practice.

  2. Validation of a structured questionnaire for COPD and prevalence of COPD in rural area of Mysore: A pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahesh P

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD is increasing in India and there is a need to study the prevalence of COPD, particularly in the rural areas, which may be most affected due to their lifestyle. Materials and Methods: First stage: Validation of the questionnaire-105 consecutive patients underwent administration of the structured questionnaire and spirometry was used as a gold standard for the diagnosis of COPD. Second stage: Adults above 40 years (n = 900 in two villages of Mysore district were administered with the validated questionnaire, Knowledge and Attitude questionnaire and Fagerstorm questionnaire, to assess nicotine dependency. Results: The questionnaire was found to have a sensitivity of 62.5% and specificity of 87.6% to diagnose COPD. Of the total 900 adults surveyed (Males: 453, Females: 447, the total prevalence of COPD was 7.1%. Males had a higher prevalence (11.1% compared to females (4.5%. The prevalence of smoking was very high among men at 71.9% and all the women were nonsmokers. The prevalence of COPD was 14.7% in smokers, 19.3% had mild to moderate nicotine dependency and 12.8% were highly dependent. Of the women exposed to regular biomass fuels, the prevalence of COPD was 3.9%, which increased to 4.8% on addition of regular passive smoking. In smoking, male gender and age were significantly associated with COPD ( P < 0.05. Conclusion: The structured questionnaire is a useful tool for the screening of COPD in field studies. Smoking and biomass fuel exposure are important risk factors for COPD.

  3. Translation validation of a new back pain screening questionnaire (the STarT Back Screening Tool) in French

    OpenAIRE

    Bruye?re, Olivier; Demoulin, Maryline; Brereton, Clara; Humblet, Fabienne; Flynn, Daniel; Hill, Jonathan C.; Maquet, Didier; Beveren, Julien; Reginster, Jean-yves; Crielaard, Jean-michel; Demoulin, Christophe

    2012-01-01

    Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a major public health problem and the identification of individuals at risk of persistent LBP poses substantial challenges to clinical management. The STarT Back questionnaire is a validated nine-item patient self-report questionnaire that classifies patients with LBP at low, medium or high-risk of poor prognosis for persistent non-specific LBP. The objective of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the English version of the STa...

  4. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ) for Brazil: validation study / Adaptação transcultural e validação do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (MHQ) para o Brasil: estudo de validação

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sandra Mara, Meireles; Jamil, Natour; Daniel Alberton, Batista; Mayara, Lopes; Thelma Larocca, Skare.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Artrite reumatoide é uma doença crônica, sistêmica, que provoca danos articulares. Diversos métodos têm sido usados para avaliar o estado geral de saúde desses pacientes, mas poucos avaliam especificamente as mãos. O objetivo deste estudo foi traduzir, realizar a adaptação cul [...] tural e testar a validade do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire para o Brasil. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo de validação feito em um hospital universitário em Curitiba, Brasil. MÉTODOS: Na primeira etapa, o questionário foi traduzido para o português do Brasil e traduzido de volta para o inglês. A versão em português foi testada em 30 pacientes com artrite reumatoide e mostrou-se compreensível e adaptada culturalmente. Na segunda etapa, 30 pacientes com artrite reumatoide foram avaliados três vezes. Na primeira vez, dois avaliadores aplicaram o questionário para verificação da reprodutibilidade interavaliadores. Após 15 dias, um dos avaliadores reavaliou os pacientes para verificação da reprodutibilidade intra-avaliadores. Para verificar a validade construtiva, na primeira avaliação, um dos avaliadores aplicou também outros instrumentos de avaliação similares. RESULTADOS: Foram observadas fortes correlações interavaliadores e intra-avaliadores em todos os domínios do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire. O alfa de Cronbach foi maior que 0.90 para todos os domínios, indicando ótima validade interna. A maioria dos domínios do questionário apresentou correlação moderada ou forte com outros instrumentos, determinando boa validade construtiva. CONCLUSÃO: A versão brasileira do Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire foi traduzida, adaptada culturalmente com sucesso e apresentou ótima consistência interna, reprodutibilidade e validade construtiva. Abstract in english CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic systemic disease that causes joint damage. A variety of methods have been used to evaluate the general health status of these patients but few have specifically evaluated the hands. The objective of this study was to translate, perform cultu [...] ral adaptation and assess the validity of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire for Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Validation study conducted at a university hospital in Curitiba, Brazil. METHODS: Firstly, the questionnaire was translated into Brazilian Portuguese and back-translated into English. The Portuguese version was tested on 30 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and proved to be understandable and culturally adapted. After that, 30 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were evaluated three times. On the first occasion, two evaluators applied the questionnaire to check inter-rater reproducibility. After 15 days, one of the evaluators reassessed the patients to verify intra rater reproducibility. To check the construct validity at the first assessment, one of the evaluators also applied other similar instruments. RESULTS: There were strong inter and intra rater correlations in all the domains of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire. Cronbach's alpha was higher than 0.90 for all the domains of the questionnaire, thus indicating excellent internal validity. Almost all domains of the questionnaire presented moderate or strong correlation with other instruments, thereby showing good construct validity. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian Portuguese version of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire was translated and culturally adapted successfully, and it showed excellent internal consistency, reproducibility and construct validity.

  5. The Conceptions about Teamwork Questionnaire: Design, Reliability and Validity with Secondary Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Fernandez, J. Reinaldo; Corcelles, Mariona; Cerrato-Lara, Maria

    2011-01-01

    In this study, we present the conceptions about teamwork questionnaire designed to evaluate the conceptions that secondary students have about teamwork. Participants were 309 students aged 15-16 from eight secondary schools, seven from Barcelona and one from Girona (Spain). The original 27-item questionnaire was reduced according to expert…

  6. Validación de un cuestionario para evaluar riesgos psicosociales en el ambiente laboral en Chile Validation of a questionnaire for psychosocial risk assessment in the workplace in Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Alvarado

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: The measurement of psychosocial risk among workers is becoming increasingly important. Aim: To adapt, validate and standardize a questionnaire to measure psychosocial risks in the workplace. Material and Methods: The Spanish version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire was adapted and evaluated. Its contents were first validated with a panel of experts. Afterwards a semantic adaptation of the questionnaires was carried out applying it to a pilot sample. Finally, it was applied to 1,557workers (65% men. Results: A preliminary questionnaire containing 97 questions was constructed. A good item-test correlation was found, the factorial structure was similar to the original questionnaire and it had a good internal consistency, convergent validity with the Goldberg Health Questionnaire and test-retest correlation. Ranges for the different dimensions and sub-dimensions of psychosocial risk were calculated by tertiles. Conclusions: The resulting questionnaire is useful for measuring psychosocial risk factors at work, with good psychometric properties.

  7. Versão brasileira do Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire: validação de campo / Field-test validation of the brazilian version of the Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Edgar Enrique, Sarria; Rosana Cardoso Manique, Rosa; Gilberto Bueno, Fischer; Vânia Naomi, Hirakata; Neusa Sica da, Rocha; Rita, Mattiello.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Determinar as propriedades psicométricas da versão oficial em português do Brasil de Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) em uma amostra representativa de crianças e adolescentes brasileiros com asma. MÉTODOS: Um total de 125 participantes com asma, com idades de 8-17 e [...] monitorados em um ambulatório pediátrico de pneumologia em Porto Alegre (RS), responderam o PAQLQ. A validade foi avaliada através de validade convergente (correlação entre os domínios do PAQLQ e os domínios do Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL 4.0). A confiabilidade foi avaliada através da consistência interna (coeficiente alfa de Cronbach), reprodutibilidade (coeficiente de correlação intraclasse), sensibilidade a mudança (tamanho do efeito) e discriminação (efeitos mínimo/máximo). RESULTADOS: A idade média foi de 11 anos, e 75 (60%) eram meninos. A média do escore global do PAQLQ foi de 5.1, com efeitos mínimo/máximo Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To assess the psychometric properties of the official Brazilian Portuguese-language version of the Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (PAQLQ) in a representative group of Brazilian children and adolescents with asthma. METHODS: A total of 125 individuals with asthma, aged 8-1 [...] 7 years and being monitored at a pediatric pulmonology outpatient clinic in the city of Porto Alegre, Brazil, completed the PAQLQ. Validity was assessed by means of convergent validity (correlation between PAQLQ domains and those of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0. Reliability was assessed by determining internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient), reproducibility (intraclass correlation coefficient), sensitivity to change (effect size), and discriminatory power (floor/ceiling effects). RESULTS: The mean age was 11 years, and 75 (60%) of the participants were male. The mean PAQLQ total score was 5.1, with floor/ceiling effects

  8. Validation of the Orientation to Life Questionnaire (OLQ) in a chemical factory

    OpenAIRE

    Lourens van Schalkwyk; Sebastiaan Rothmann

    2008-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to assess the psychometric properties of the Orientation to Life Questionnaire (OLQ) and to investigate the differences in sense of coherence among demographic groups in a chemical factory environment. The OLQ and a biographical questionnaire were administered to chemical factory employees (N = 583). A three-factor model (manageability, meaningfulness and comprehensibility) was confirmed through structural-equation modelling. From the original 29-item OLQ, an...

  9. Validation of the Orientation to Life Questionnair (OLQ) in a chemical factory

    OpenAIRE

    Rothmann, Sebastiaan; Van Schalkwyk, Lourens

    2008-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to assess the psychometric properties of the Orientation to Life Questionnaire (OLQ) and to investigate the differences in sense of coherence among demographic groups in a chemical factory environment. The OLQ and a biographical questionnaire were administered to chemical factory employees (N = 583). A three-factor model (manageability, meaningfulness and comprehensibility) was confirmed through structural-equation modelling. From the original ...

  10. An Examination of the Convergent and Discriminant Validity of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Hill, Crystal R.; Hughes, Jan N.

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the factor structure of the parent and teacher versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; R. Goodman, 1997) with a sample of first-grade children at risk for educational failure. The 5-factor model previously found in studies using exploratory factor analysis was fit to the data for both parent and teacher questionnaires. Fit indices for both versions were marginally adequate. Model fit was comparable across gender and ethnic groups. Factor fit for the ...

  11. The validation of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire in selected organisations in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastiaan Rothmann; Buitendach, Johanna H.

    2009-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to assess the construct equivalence of the Minnesota Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (MSQ), and to investigate the manifestation of job satisfaction at selected organisations in South Africa. A cross-sectional survey design with a random sample (N = 474) was used. The MSQ and a biographical questionnaire were administered. The results confirmed a two-factor model of job satisfaction, consisting of extrinsic job satisfaction and intrinsic job satisfaction. Expl...

  12. Psychometric properties of the Spanish validation of the Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ)

    OpenAIRE

    Cebolla I Marti?, Ausia?s Josep; Garci?a Palacios, Azucena; Soler Ribaudi, Joaquim; Guille?n Botella, Vero?nica; Ban?os Rivera, Rosa Mari?a; Botella Arbona, Cristina

    2012-01-01

    Background and Objectives: Mindfulness-based therapies have demonstrated effectiveness in many clinical contexts. Various therapies that train mindfulness skills have proliferated in recent years. There is increasing interest in mindfulness-based therapies and in incorporating instruments that measure mindfulness in order to understand its role in clinical and basic research. The Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) is a questionnaire for measuring mindfulness; it wa...

  13. Patients' perception of postoperative pain management: validation of the International Pain Outcomes (IPO) questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Rothaug, Judith; Zaslansky, Ruth; Schwenkglenks, Matthias; Komann, Marcus; Allvin, Renée; Backström, Ragnar; Brill, Silviu; Buchholz, Ingo; Engel, Christoph; Fletcher, Dominique; Fodor, Lucian; Funk, Peter; Gerbershagen, Hans J; Gordon, Debra B; Konrad, Christoph

    2013-01-01

    UNLABELLED: PAIN OUT is a European Commission-funded project aiming at improving postoperative pain management. It combines a registry that can be useful for quality improvement and research using treatment and patient-reported outcome measures. The core of the project is a patient questionnaire-the International Pain Outcomes questionnaire-that comprises key patient-level outcomes of postoperative pain management, including pain intensity, physical and emotional functional interference, side...

  14. A cross-cultural validation study of the Questionnaire of Educational and Learning Capital (QELC in China, Germany and Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anamaria Vladut

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Unlike traditional person-centered models of giftedness, the Actiotope Model of Giftedness focuses on the person-environment interactions. It postulates that successful learning requires necessary resources, termed educational and learning capital, located both in the environment and the individual. The Questionnaire of Educational and Learning Capital (QELC is introduced. The results of a validation study with students from China, Turkey and Germany is reported which shows that the QELC has satisfactory psychometric properties as well as construct and concurrent validity.

  15. A Simple Tool for Diet Evaluation in Primary Health Care: Validation of a 16-Item Food Intake Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Katri Hemiö; Auli Pölönen; Kirsti Ahonen; Mikko Kosola; Katriina Viitasalo; Jaana Lindström

    2014-01-01

    Our aim was to validate a 16-item food intake questionnaire (16-FIQ) and create an easy to use method to estimate patients’ nutrient intake in primary health care. Participants (52 men, 25 women) completed a 7-day food record and a 16-FIQ. Food and nutrient intakes were calculated and compared using Spearman correlation. Further, nutrient intakes were compared using kappa-statistics and exact and opposite agreement of intake tertiles. The results indicated that the 16-FIQ reliably categorize...

  16. Reliability and validity of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire in a sample of European adolescents--the HELENA study

    OpenAIRE

    Vriendt, Tineke; Clays, Els; Moreno, L. A.; Bergman, Patrick; Vicente-rodri?guez, Germa?n; Nagy, Eniko; Dietrich, Sabine; Manios, Y.; Henauw, Stefaan

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Since stress is hypothesized to play a role in the etiology of obesity during adolescence, research on associations between adolescent stress and obesity-related parameters and behaviours is essential. Due to lack of a well-established recent stress checklist for use in European adolescents, the study investigated the reliability and validity of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ) for assessing perceived stress in European adolescents. METHODS: The ASQ was translate...

  17. Reliability and validity of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire in a sample of European adolescents - the HELENA study

    OpenAIRE

    Nagy Eniko; Vicente-Rodriguez Germán; Bergman Patrick; Moreno Luis A; Clays Els; De Vriendt Tineke; Dietrich Sabine; Manios Yannis; De Henauw Stefaan

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Since stress is hypothesized to play a role in the etiology of obesity during adolescence, research on associations between adolescent stress and obesity-related parameters and behaviours is essential. Due to lack of a well-established recent stress checklist for use in European adolescents, the study investigated the reliability and validity of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire (ASQ) for assessing perceived stress in European adolescents. Methods The ASQ was translated ...

  18. Validation of the MEDFICTS dietary questionnaire: A clinical tool to assess adherence to American Heart Association dietary fat intake guidelines

    OpenAIRE

    Bindeman Jody; Bell Debulon; Carrow Jon; Wish Karen; Wong Henry; Taylor Allen J; Watkins Tammy; Lehmann Trudy; Bhattarai Saroj; O'Malley Patrick G

    2003-01-01

    Abstract Background Dietary assessment tools are often too long, difficult to quantify, expensive to process, and largely used for research purposes. A rapid and accurate assessment of dietary fat intake is critically important in clinical decision-making regarding dietary advice for coronary risk reduction. We assessed the validity of the MEDFICTS (MF) questionnaire, a brief instrument developed to assess fat intake according to the American Heart Association (AHA) dietary "steps". Methods W...

  19. Measuring the food and built environments in urban centres: reliability and validity of the EURO-PREVOB Community Questionnaire.

    OpenAIRE

    Pomerleau, J.; Knai, C.; Foster, C.; Rutter, H.; Darmon, N.; Derflerova Brazdova, Z.; Hadziomeragic, Af; Pekcan, G.; Pudule, I.; Robertson, A.; Brunner, E.; Suhrcke, M.; Gabrijelcic Blenkus, M.; Lhotska, L.; Maiani, G.

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: The authors designed an instrument to measure objectively aspects of the built and food environments in urban areas, the EURO-PREVOB Community Questionnaire, within the EU-funded project 'Tackling the social and economic determinants of nutrition and physical activity for the prevention of obesity across Europe' (EURO-PREVOB). This paper describes its development, reliability, validity, feasibility and relevance to public health and obesity research. Study design: The Community Qu...

  20. The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire: Scale development and initial validation of a factor-analytic solution to multiple empathy measures

    OpenAIRE

    Spreng, R. Nathan; Mckinnon, Margaret C.; Mar, Raymond A.; Levine, Brian

    2009-01-01

    In order to formulate a parsimonious tool to assess empathy, we used factor analysis on a combination of self-report measures to examine consensus and developed a brief self-report measure of this common factor. The Toronto Empathy Questionnaire (TEQ) represents empathy as a primarily emotional process. In three studies, the TEQ demonstrated strong convergent validity, correlating positively with behavioral measures of social decoding, self-report measures of empathy, and negatively with a me...

  1. Examining the Structural Validity of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in a U.S. Sample of Custodial Grandmothers

    OpenAIRE

    Palmieri, Patrick A.; Smith, Gregory C.

    2007-01-01

    The authors examined the structural validity of the parent informant version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) with a sample of 733 custodial grandparents. Three models of the SDQ’s factor structure were evaluated with confirmatory factor analysis based on the item covariance matrix. Although indices of fit were good across all 3 models, a model that included a newly hypothesized positive construal method factor in addition to the 4 symptom factors (Emotional Symptoms, C...

  2. A cross-cultural validation study of the Questionnaire of Educational and Learning Capital (QELC) in China, Germany and Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Anamaria Vladut; Qian Liu; Leana-tascilar, Marilena Z.; Wilma Vialle; Albert Ziegler

    2013-01-01

    Unlike traditional person-centered models of giftedness, the Actiotope Model of Giftedness focuses on the person-environment interactions. It postulates that successful learning requires necessary resources, termed educational and learning capital, located both in the environment and the individual. The Questionnaire of Educational and Learning Capital (QELC) is introduced. The results of a validation study with students from China, Turkey and Germany is reported which shows that the QELC has...

  3. Reliability and validity of the KIDSCREEN-52 health-related quality of life questionnaire in a Greek adolescent population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzavara Chara

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The KIDSCREEN-52 is a worldwide instrument for measuring health-related quality of life (HRQoL in children and adolescents. The aim of this study is to assess reliability and validity of the Greek version of KIDSCREEN. Methods Questionnaires were collected from a representative nationwide sample of 1,194 adolescents aged from 11 to 17 years. Internal consistency reliability was determined by calculation of the Cronbach ? coefficient. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA was conducted in order to test the construct validity of the questionnaire. Validity was further examined by investigating the correlation of KIDSCREEN with the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ and its association with socioeconomic and health-related factors. Results Internal consistency reliability was accepted with a Cronbach ? above 0.73 for all KIDSCREEN dimensions. CFA showed that the ten-dimensional model fitted the data well (root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA = 0.048, comparative fit index (CFI = 0.971 and goodness of fit index (GFI = 0.965. Correlation coefficients between KIDSCREEN and SDQ dimensions were significant. Adolescents of low socioeconomic status reported lower scores in the majority of KIDSCREEN dimensions. Also, adolescents with chronic health problem had poorer quality of life concerning physical well-being and other dimensions of KIDSCREEN. Conclusions The Greek version of KIDSCREEN-52 was found to have satisfied psychometric properties and could be suitable for assessing HRQoL in Greek adolescents.

  4. Validación de un cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de licopeno / Validation of a questionnaire of lycopene frequency intake

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    M., Ramos Gordillo; F., Cabrera Fránquiz; Y., Pérez Lorenzo; J., Cabrera Oliva; M., Yedra; A., Sánchez Villegas.

    1320-13-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Ha sido demostrada una relación inversa entre los niveles de licopeno en el organismo y la aparición de algunas enfermedades crónico-degenerativas. Los cuestionarios de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos son una de las herramientas más utilizadas en los estudios epidemiológicos para es [...] timación de la ingestión de nutrientes. La necesidad de validación previa a su utilización constituye su principal inconveniente. La validación de un cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de licopeno, adaptado a la población de las Islas Canarias, es el objetivo del presente trabajo. Material y métodos: Se diseñó un cuestionario semi-cuantitativo de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos, en el que fueron incluidos alimentos con elevado contenido en licopeno. El cuestionario fue aplicado a un grupo de 70 pacientes del Servicio de Cirugía Plástica del Hospital Universitario Insular de Gran Canaria. Se utilizó como patrón de oro, para su validación, los niveles séricos de licopeno de la población encuestada, determinados mediante la técnica de HPLC. Resultados: Se encontró una correlación directa entre la ingesta de alimento y los niveles en sangre del carotenoide, siendo el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman estimado 0,421. Se observó una asociación de los niveles de licopeno en sangre con la obesidad y algunas patologías, aunque no fue estadísticamente significativa. Conclusiones: La correlación obtenida entre la ingesta de alimentos conteniendo licopeno y los niveles séricos del micronutriente medidos, indica la validez del cuestionario y permite su utilización en estudios epidemiológicos. Abstract in english Introduction: An inverse relationship between some chronic degenerative diseases and plasma lycopene levels has been demonstrated. Dietary intake questionnaires are one of the current methods most used to ascertain dietary patterns and explore their association with the disease risk. The main drawba [...] ck of their use is the need for previous validation. The purpose of this study was to validate a frequency questionnaire in order to assess the intake of licopene, in the population of the Canary Islands. Methods: A food intake frequency questionnaire was designed and administered to 70 patients of the Plastic Surgery Service of the Hospital Universitario Insular de Gran Canaria. Estimated lycopene intake from the food intake frequency questionnaire was examined in relation to plasma lycopene levels, measured by HPLC. Results: The Spearman correlation coefficient between estimated lycopene intake and plasma levels was 0,421 and the validity of the questionnaire was demonstrated. Furthermore, an association between obesity and some pathologies with plasma lycopene levels was observed, although not statistically significant. Conclusions: The food intake frequency questionnaire is valid and it could be useful in epidemiological studies in the population of the Canary Islands.

  5. Cross-cultural validation and analysis of responsiveness of the QUALIOST®: QUAlity of Life questionnaire In OSTeoporosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roux Christian

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The QUALIOST® was designed for use with the SF-36 to measure established osteoporosis-specific quality of life (QoL. The reliability (internal consistency and test-retest and validity of the questionnaire were established in a stand-alone psychometric validation study. The objective of this paper is to provide additional information on the instrument's responsiveness using clinical trial data, along with the reliability and validity of translated versions. Methods The Spinal Osteoporosis Therapeutic Intervention (SOTI was an international clinical trial comparing strontium ranelate to placebo on the occurrence of new vertebral fracture in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis. QoL was a secondary endpoint, assessed using the SF-36 and QUALIOST® at baseline and every six months, with the main analysis at 3-year follow-up. Questionnaire acceptability, analysis of the hypothesised structure, internal consistency reliability and responsiveness to clinical change over time were assessed at the 3-year follow up. Results 1592 patients from 11 countries completed at least one QoL questionnaire. The psychometric properties of the questionnaires were assessed on cross-sectional (N = 1486 and longitudinal (N = 1288 data. Item discriminant validity of the QUALIOST® was excellent, as was item convergent validity, with 100% of item-scale correlations being above the 0.40 level. Internal consistency reliability was also extremely good, with high Cronbach's alpha scores above the 0.70 benchmark. Responsiveness results were consistent for all QUALIOST® scores, indicating that greater decreases in QoL corresponded to greater numbers of fractures experienced. QUALIOST® scores also differed according to the type of fracture suffered. This was demonstrated by increased effect sizes for more severe vertebral fractures (clinical vertebral and painful vertebral. In comparing responsiveness, the QUALIOST® scores were generally more consistent than those of the SF-36. Most notably, the QUALIOST® was more responsive with regard to painful vertebral fractures than the SF-36. Conclusion The QUALIOST® is a reliable and valid tool for measuring QoL in postmenopausal osteoporotic women. Being available in several validated language versions, it is ready to be used in a variety of settings, including international clinical trials.

  6. The Validity and Reliability of an Arabic Version of the STOP-Bang Questionnaire for Identifying Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Science.gov (United States)

    BaHammam, Ahmed S.; Al-Aqeel, Alaa M.; Alhedyani, Alanoud A.; Al-Obaid, Ghaida I.; Al-Owais, Mashail M.; Olaish, Awad H.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common, serious, under-recognized and under-diagnosed medical disorder. Polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard diagnostic test for OSA; however, the cost of testing and the shortage of sleep disorders laboratories limit access to this tool. Therefore, there is a need for a simple and reliable diagnostic tool to screen patients at risk of OSA. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the validity and reliability of an Arabic version of the STOP-Bang questionnaire (SBQ) as a screening tool for OSA. Methods: This study was conducted in three steps, as follows: Step 1: the SBQ was translated from English to Arabic (examining both forward and backward translations); Step 2: the test-retest reliability of the questionnaire was investigated; and Step 3: the questionnaire was validated against PSG data prospectively on 100 patients attending a sleep disorders clinic who were subjected to a full-night PSG study after completing the translated version of the SBQ. The validity of the test was tested against the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). Results: The study group had a mean age of 46.6 ± 14.0 years and a mean AHI of 50.0 ± 37.0/hour. The study demonstrated a high degree of internal consistency and stability over time for the translated SBQ. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the 8-item tool was 0.7. Validation of the SBQ against the AHI at a cut-off of 5 revealed a sensitivity of 98% and positive and negative predictive values of 86% and 67%, respectively. Conclusion: The Arabic version of the SBQ is an easy-to-administer, simple, reliable and valid tool for the identification of OSA in the sleep disorders clinic setting. PMID:25834656

  7. The validity and reliability of the 'Cancer Caregiving Tasks, Consequences and Needs Questionnaire' (CaTCoN)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Line; Ross, Lone

    2014-01-01

    Background. Caregivers are often involved in and affected by the patient's disease. The questionnaire 'Cancer Caregiving Tasks, Consequences and Needs Questionnaire' (CaTCoN) was developed to measure caregivers' experiences. The aim of this study is to evaluate the construct validity and reliability of the multi-item scales in the CaTCoN using psychometric analyses as well as tests of convergent and discriminant validity with the existing instruments FAMCARE and Family Inventory of Needs (FIN). Material and methods. Based on theoretical considerations, a subscale structure in the CaTCoN was hypothesized, and the subscales were tested by item-item correlations, followed by factor analysis, calculation of internal consistency by Cronbach's alpha, and multitrait-scaling analysis. Further, theoretically based hypotheses about convergence and divergence between CaTCoN and FAMCARE/FIN (sub)scales were formulated and tested. Results. Analyses were based on 590 caregivers' responses. Initially, 11 CaTCoN subscales were hypothesized. The item-item correlations and factor analysis lead to some revisions, but the analyses confirmed the hypothesized subscales to a large extent, resulting in nine CaTCoN subscales (Cronbach's alpha range 0.65-0.95). The hypothesized convergent CaTCoN and FAMCARE/FIN subscales correlated 0.59-0.74, and hypothesized divergent CaTCoN and FAMCARE/FIN subscales correlated -0.11-0.25, thus confirming the hypotheses concerning convergent and discriminant validity between CaTCoN and the existing questionnaires FAMCARE and FIN. Conclusion. Taken together the psychometric analyses and tests of convergent and discriminant validity indicate that the validity and reliability of the CaTCoN are satisfactory.

  8. Development, validation, and administration of a treatment-satisfaction questionnaire for caregivers of dependent type 2 diabetic patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Aparicio, Judit; Herrero-Herrero, José-Ignacio

    2015-01-01

    Background Satisfaction with treatment is considered a relevant factor for assessing results in clinical practice. However, when assessing satisfaction in dependent patients, the opinion of their caregivers becomes crucial, since implicit in satisfaction is the degree of caregiver involvement, of adherence to treatment, and lastly of better care of these patients. Purpose The purpose of this study was to develop, validate, and administer two versions of a specific questionnaire to assess satisfaction with blood glucose-lowering treatment in caregivers of dependent type 2 diabetic patients. Patients and methods This was an observational, descriptive, epidemiological study conducted in the Los Montalvos Internal Medicine Department at the University Hospital of Salamanca (Spain). Two versions of the questionnaire to assess caregivers’ satisfaction with current treatment and after introducing changes in therapy were created and validated according to model procedures. Once validated, the questionnaires were implemented in 219 cases. Results Cronbach’s ?-coefficient, correlation between all the items, intraclass correlation coefficient, and correlation between the obtained scores and satisfaction with blood glucose levels all satisfied the standard for validation. Significant levels of correlation were observed between the degree of satisfaction and the number of daily administrations of the blood glucose-lowering medication (Spearman’s r=?0.21, Pmedication prior to the change were more satisfied with the change (r=0.24, Pmedication after the change and the degree of satisfaction (r=?0.43, P<0.001). Conclusion A useful novel instrument to assess caregivers’ satisfaction was validated. When applied to our cohort of cases, the obtained data suggest that simplicity in antidiabetic therapy should be considered in the management of dependent type 2 diabetic patients when caregivers’ satisfaction is an additional objective. PMID:26124650

  9. Validation of a questionnaire on patient awareness about hypercholesterolemia in community pharmacy / Validación de un cuestionario de conocimientos sobre hipercolesterolemia en la farmacia comunitaria

    OpenAIRE

    Jc, Andres Iglesias; Nf, Andres Rodriguez; Ja, Fornos Perez

    2005-01-01

    Interventions on health education in community pharmacy are very important to achieve a better compliance and a higher patient awareness about the illness.Objective: To design and validate a questionnaire on hypercholesterolemia awareness, which can be used in community pharmacy.Methods: A 16 items questionnaire grouped in 5 factors was designed and then administrated in 14 pharmacies in Pontevedra (Spain). Content validity was assessed through an expert panel, and construct validity was eval...

  10. Development and preliminary validation of the 'Caring for Country' questionnaire: measurement of an Indigenous Australian health determinant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunthorpe Wendy

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background 'Caring for Country' is defined as Indigenous participation in interrelated activities with the objective of promoting ecological and human health. Ecological services on Indigenous-owned lands are belatedly attracting some institutional investment. However, the health outcomes associated with Indigenous participation in 'caring for country' activities have never been investigated. The aims of this study were to pilot and validate a questionnaire measuring caring for country as an Indigenous health determinant and to relate it to an external reference, obesity. Methods Purposively sampled participants were 301 Indigenous adults aged 15 to 54 years, recruited during a cross-sectional program of preventive health checks in a remote Australian community. Questionnaire validation was undertaken with psychometric tests of internal consistency, reliability, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory one-factor congeneric modelling. Accurate item weightings were derived from the model and used to create a single weighted composite score for caring for country. Multiple linear regression modelling was used to test associations between the caring for country score and body mass index adjusting for socio-demographic factors and health behaviours. Results The questionnaire demonstrated adequate internal consistency, test-retest validity and proxy-respondent validity. Exploratory factor analysis of the 'caring for country' items produced a single factor solution that was confirmed via one-factor congeneric modelling. A significant and substantial association between greater participation in caring for country activities and lower body mass index was demonstrated. Adjusting for socio-demographic factors and health behaviours, an inter-quartile range rise in caring for country scores was associated with 6.1 Kg and 5.3 Kg less body weight for non-pregnant women and men respectively. Conclusion This study indicates preliminary support for the validity of the caring for country concept and a questionnaire designed to measure it. This study also highlights the importance of investigating Indigenous-asserted health promotion activities. Further studies in similar populations are merited to test the generalisability of this questionnaire and to explore associations with other important Indigenous health outcomes.

  11. Developing and Validating a Questionnaire to Measure Spirituality: A Psychometric Process

    OpenAIRE

    Nasrin Parsian; Trisha Dunning AM

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the paper is to describe the processes undertaken to evaluate the psychometric properties of aquestionnaire developed to measure spirituality and examine the relationship between spirituality and coping in youngadults with diabetes.The specific validation processes used were: content and face validity, construct validity using factor analysis, reliabilityand internal consistency using test-retest reliability and Cronbach’s alpha correlation coefficient.The exploratory factor ...

  12. Reliability and Validity of the "Achievement Emotions Questionnaire": A Study of Argentinean University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paoloni, Paola Verónica; Vaja, Arabela Beatriz; Muñoz, Verónica Lilian

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: This paper aims at describing the psychometric features of the Achievement Emotions Questionnaire (AEQ), focusing specifically on the section that measures class emotions. From a theoretical perspective, this instrument was designed based on the control-value theory of achievement emotions. Therefore, a description of the…

  13. Cognitive-Behavioral Assessment of Depression: Clinical Validation of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrell, Thomas H.; Ryon, Nancy B.

    1983-01-01

    Examined the applicability of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ-30) to clinical populations to identify and measure frequency of ideation associated with depression. Findings showed significant differences between clinically depressed treatment-seeking clients and nondepressed samples and significant correlation with other widely used…

  14. Cross Validity of the Behavior Style Questionnaire and Child Personality Scale in Nursery School Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simonds, John F.; Simonds, M. Patricia

    1982-01-01

    Mothers of 182 nursery school children completed the Behavior Style Questionnaire (BSQ) and the Child Personality Scale (CPS). Intercorrelational analyses showed many significantly correlated items. Scores of the five CPS factors clearly distinguished between subjects in easy and difficult BSQ clusters. Found boys significantly more introverted…

  15. Science Motivation Questionnaire II: Validation with Science Majors and Nonscience Majors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glynn, Shawn M.; Brickman, Peggy; Armstrong, Norris; Taasoobshirazi, Gita

    2011-01-01

    From the perspective of social cognitive theory, the motivation of students to learn science in college courses was examined. The students--367 science majors and 313 nonscience majors--responded to the Science Motivation Questionnaire II, which assessed five motivation components: intrinsic motivation, self-determination, self-efficacy, career…

  16. An Examination of the Convergent and Discriminant Validity of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Crystal R.; Hughes, Jan N.

    2007-01-01

    This study examined the factor structure of the parent and teacher versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; R. Goodman, 1997) with a sample of first-grade children at risk for educational failure. The 5-factor model previously found in studies using exploratory factor analysis was fit to the data for both parent and teacher…

  17. Concurrent and Discriminant Validity of the Means-Ends Spirituality Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Kathleen; Fiorito, Basil A.

    This paper describes the reliability of the Means-Ends Spirituality Questionnaire to assess preferred ways and goals of spiritual expression. The means subscales assessed thinking, feeling, acting, and relating in the area of spiritual expression. A total of 405 university students participated in this investigation. Study 1 analyzed the…

  18. Development and Validation of the Emotional Self-Awareness Questionnaire: A Measure of Emotional Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Killian, Kyle D.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the psychometric characteristics of the Emotional Self-Awareness Questionnaire (ESQ), a self-report measure of emotional intelligence. The ESQ, Emotional Intelligence Scale, and measures of alexithymia, positive negative affect, personality, cognitive ability, life satisfaction, and leadership aspirations were administered to…

  19. Psychometric Evaluation of the Social Experience Questionnaire in Adolescents: Descriptive Data, Reliability, and Factorial Validity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storch, Eric A.; Crisp, Heather; Roberti, Jonathan W.; Bagner, Daniel M.; Masia-Warner, Carrie

    2005-01-01

    This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Social Experience Questionnaire (SEQ) in a sample of 1158 adolescents aged 13-17 years. Confirmatory factor analysis fit indices supported the hypothesized three-factor model of the SEQ that assesses overt and relational victimization, and prosocial behaviors from peers. Analyses of gender…

  20. Assessing the Parents of Juvenile Offenders: A Preliminary Validation Study of the Juvenile Offender Parent Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Clark C.; Glaser, Brian A.; Calhoun, Georgia B.; Bates, Jeffrey M.

    2004-01-01

    The present study is a preliminary investigation into the development of a parent self-report instrument, the Juvenile Offender Parent Questionnaire (JOPQ). A large pool of items was rationally derived from a model of parent competency and then administered to 243 parents of children who were making appearances in juvenile court. Exploratory…

  1. The Patients Assessment Chronic Illness Care (PACIC questionnaire in The Netherlands: a validation study in rural general practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hermsen Jan

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Many patients with chronic illness receive health care in primary care settings, so a challenge is to provide well-structured chronic care in these settings. Our aim was to develop and test a Dutch version of the PACIC questionnaire, a measure for patient reported structured chronic care. Methods Observational study in 165 patients with diabetes or COPD from four general practices (72% response rate. Patients completed a written questionnaire, which included instruments for assessing chronic illness care (PACIC, evaluations of general practice (Europep, enablement (PEI, and individual characteristics. Results The patients had a mean age of 68.0 years and 47% comprised of women. Twenty-two to 35% of responding patients did not provide answers to specific items in the PACIC. In 11 items the lowest answering category was used by 30% or more of the responders and in 6 items the highest answering category was used by this number of responders. Principal factor analysis identified the previously defined five domains reasonably well. Cronbach's alpha per domain varied from 0.71 to 0.83, and the intraclass coefficient from 0.66 to 0.91. Diabetes patients reported higher presence of structured chronic care for 14 out of the 20 PACIC items. The effect of patient evaluations of general practice on the PACIC score was positive (b = 0.72, p Conclusion A translated and validated Dutch version of the PACIC questionnaire is now available. Further research on its validity is recommended.

  2. Development, validation, and implementation of a questionnaire assessing disease knowledge and understanding in adult cystic fibrosis patients.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Siklosi, Karen R

    2012-02-01

    BACKGROUND: The number of adults living with cystic fibrosis (CF) is increasing, necessitating an assessment of knowledge in this growing population. METHODS: A questionnaire assessing CF knowledge was completed by 100 CF patients (median age: 26.0 years, range 17-49 years; median FEV: 57.0% predicted, range 20-127% predicted). Level of knowledge was correlated with clinical and sociodemographic characteristics. RESULTS: Questionnaire validation showed acceptable internal consistency (alpha=0.75) and test-retest reliability (0.94). Patients had fair overall understanding of CF (mean=72.4%, SD=13.1), with greater knowledge of lung and gastrointestinal topics (mean=81.6%, SD=11.6) than reproduction and genetics topics (mean=57.9%, SD=24.1). Females and those with post-secondary education scored significantly higher (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study validated a questionnaire that can be utilized to assess CF knowledge. Although CF patients understand most aspects of their disease, knowledge deficits are common - particularly regarding genetics and reproduction - and should be considered when developing CF education programs.

  3. Validation of the Preschool and Primary School Form of a Questionnaire Assessing Parents' Childrearing Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meunier, Jean-Christophe; Roskam, Isabelle

    2009-01-01

    This study presents a validation of a scale that assesses parents' childrearing behavior toward young children. The scale was validated on 565 parents of 2- to 7-year-old children. The current results replicated the factor solution of the original scale designed for parents of school-aged children. The scale demonstrated good psychometric…

  4. Examining the validity of the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ) in a Portuguese sport setting / Análisis de la validad del Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ) en un contexto deportivo portugués / Análise da validade do Athlete Engagement Questionnaire (AEQ) no contexto desportivo português

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Paulo, Martins; António, Rosado; Vítor, Ferreira; Rui, Biscaia.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A literatura em psicologia de desporto sugere que a compreensão dos níveis de engajamento é primordial para promover experiências desportivas positivas entre os atletas. O objetivo deste estudo foi examinar as propriedades psicométricas do Athlete Engagement Questionnaire entre os desportistas portu [...] gueses. Duas amostras distintas de atletas portugueses com diferentes níveis de prática competitiva foram recolhidas e os resultados de uma análise fatorial confirmatória demostraram boa qualidade de ajustamento do modelo. A análise das qualidades psicométricas indicou que todos os fatores mostraram fiabilidade compósita, validade convergente e validade discriminante. Adicionalmente, uma análise multigrupos mostrou a invariância do modelo nas duas amostras independentes, indicando validade cruzada. As implicações destes resultados para treinadores e académicos foram discutidas, sendo também apontadas sugestões para futuros estudos. Abstract in spanish La literatura en psicología del deporte sugiere que la comprensión de los niveles de compromiso en la actividad deportiva es importante para la promoción de entornos deportivos positivos entre los atletas. El objetivo del estudio consiste en verificar las propiedades psicométricas del Athlete Engage [...] ment Questionnaire entre los atletas portugueses. Trabajamos dos muestras distintas de los atletas portugueses con niveles competitivos diferentes, los resultados del análisis factorial confirmatorio han demostrado un buen ajuste del modelo a los datos. El análisis de las propiedades psicométricas ha indicado que todos los factores tienen una buena consistencia interna, así como buena validez convergente y validez discriminante. Además, el análisis multi-grupos muestra que el modelo es estable en dos muestras independientes, proporcionando evidencia de la validez cruzada. Las implicaciones de estos resultados para los académicos y entrenadores fueron discutidas, siendo igualmente planteadas propuestas para estudios futuros. Abstract in english Sport psychology literature suggests that understanding engagement levels is pivotal to promote positive sporting experiences among athletes. The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire among Portuguese sport athletes. Two distinct sam [...] ples of Portuguese athletes from different competitive levels were collected, and the results of a confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated a good fit of the model to the data. A review of the psychometric properties indicated that all factors showed good composite reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity. In addition, a multi-groups analysis showed the invariance of the model in two independent samples providing evidence of cross validity. Implications of these results for scholars and coaches are discussed and guidelines for future studies are suggested.

  5. Análisis de confiabilidad y de validez del instrumento Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) / Analysis of the Reliability and Validity of the Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) / Análise de confiabilidade e de validade do instrumento Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ)

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carlos, González; Helena, Montenegro; Lorena, López.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a validade do instrumento Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ), empregado para conhecer a percepção dos estudantes sobre a qualidade da aprendizagem na educação superior. O questionário foi traduzido e aplicado com 325 estudantes de engenharia de uma universidade [...] pública da região metropolitana do Chile. Geraram-se estatísticas descritivas e tanto os níveis de confiabilidade quanto as análises de validade mostraram resultados majoritariamente adequados. O instrumento CEQ pode empregar-se para medir a qualidade da docência em universidades latino-americanas e se sugere seu uso com fins de pesquisa. Novas pesquisas deverão continuar o processo de validade e incorporar outras variáveis consideradas chave pela linha Student Learning Research para indagar a experiência de aprendizagem dos estudantes universitários. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la validez del instrumento Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ), empleado para conocer la percepción de los estudiantes sobre la calidad del aprendizaje en la educación superior. El cuestionario fue traducido y aplicado a 325 estudiantes de ingeniería de una [...] universidad pública de la región metropolitana de Chile. Se generaron estadísticas descriptivas y tanto los niveles de confiabilidad como los análisis de validez mostraron resultados mayoritariamente adecuados. El instrumento CEQ puede emplearse para medir la calidad de la docencia en universidades latinoamericanas y se sugiere su uso con fines de investigación. Nuevas investigaciones deberán continuar el proceso de validación e incorporar otras variables consideradas clave por la línea Student Learning Research para indagar la experiencia de aprendizaje de los estudiantes universitarios. Abstract in english The objective of this study is to analyze the validity of the Course Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) used to know how students perceive the quality of learning in higher education. The CEQ was translated into Spanish and applied to 325 engineering students at a public university in a metropolitan are [...] a of Chile. Descriptive statistics were compiled and the analysis of both reliability and validity showed mostly adequate results. The CEQ can be applied to measure the quality of teaching at Latin American universities and the suggestion is that it be used for research purposes. New studies should continue to validate this tool and to include other variables regarded as crucial in "student learning research" to investigate the learning experience of college students.

  6. Measuring patient experiences in Fabry disease: validation of the Fabry-specific Pediatric Health and Pain Questionnaire (FPHPQ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramaswami Uma

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Common symptoms for children with Anderson-Fabry Disease (FD such as acroparaesthesia and gastrointestinal manifestations can only be objectively assessed in patients using a valid instrument. To date, no such instrument exists. Methods A preliminary 40-item measure of symptoms and experience with FD, the Fabry-specific Paediatric Health and Pain Questionnaire (FPHPQ was developed, but lacked a formal assessment of its measurement properties. The FPHPQ was used in the Fabry Outcome Survey (FOS, a registry for all patients with a confirmed diagnosis of FD who are receiving agalsidase alfa, or are treatment naïve and who are managed by physicians participating in FOS. After an item analysis to explore how items performed and combined into domains, a battery of psychometric analyses was performed to assess the measurement properties of this new instrument. Results Eighty-seven children (ages 4-18?years completed the questionnaire. Twenty-three items in three subscales of the questionnaire emerged: pain associated with heat or exertion, pain associated with cold, and abdominal pain and fatigue symptoms. Internal consistency reliability for all three subscales was good (Cronbach alpha???0.84. Reliability was equally high for all age groups (4-7, 8-12, and 13-18. Test-retest reliability was high for all three subscales (intraclass correlation coefficient???0.74. Construct validity was demonstrated by moderate correlation with brief pain inventory (BPI, KINDL, and EQ-5D. Known group validity showed all subscales were able to discriminate between Fabry disease severity groups as classified by above or below median of the FOS MSSI (Mainz Severity Score Index grade. The heat or exertion subscale was responsive to change in symptoms between responders and non-responders as defined by change in EQ-5D index scores between the first and second visit. Conclusions Preliminary results indicate that the measurement properties of FPHPQ are valid and reliable for assessing patient-reported symptoms of FD. The questionnaire could be a useful tool for clinicians to understand the progression of disease and monitor treatment effects. FPHPQ will be further validated and refined as the FOS registry is continuously adding more patients.

  7. Development and preliminary validation of a brief broad-spectrum measure of trauma exposure: the Traumatic Life Events Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kubany, E S; Haynes, S N; Leisen, M B; Owens, J A; Kaplan, A S; Watson, S B; Burns, K

    2000-06-01

    This article describes the development and preliminary validation of a brief questionnaire that assesses exposure to a broad range of potentially traumatic events. Items were generated from multiple sources of information. Events were described in behaviorally descriptive terms, consistent with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV posttraumatic stress disorder stressor criterion A1. When events were endorsed, respondents were asked if they experienced intense fear, helplessness, or horror (stressor criterion A2). In separate studies with college students, Vietnam veterans, battered women, and residents of a substance abuse program, most items possessed adequate to excellent temporal stability. In a study comparing questionnaire and structured-interview inquiries of trauma history, the 2 formats yielded similar rates of disclosure. Preliminary data on positive predictive power are also presented. PMID:10887767

  8. Adapting the Facilitating Conditions Questionnaire (FCQ) for Bilingual Filipino Adolescents: Validating English and Filipino Versions

    OpenAIRE

    Ganotice, Fraide A.; Bernardo, Allan B. I.; King, Ronnel B.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the applicability of the English and Filipino versions of the Facilitating Conditions Questionnaire (FCQ) among Filipino high school students. The FCQ measures the external forces in students’ social environments that can influence their motivation for school. It is composed of 11 factors: university intention, school valuing, parent support, teacher support, peer help, leave school, pride from others, negative parent influence, affect to school, negative peer influence,...

  9. Development and Validation of the Subjective Awareness of Neuropsychological Deficits Questionnaire for Children (SAND-C)

    OpenAIRE

    Hufford, Bradley J.; Fastenau, Philip S.

    2005-01-01

    Although lowered awareness of abilities has been associated with poorer outcome in adults with neurological compromise, a dearth of research exists examining whether lowered awareness exists in younger populations. Using findings from recent literature and expert opinion, a 47-item Subjective Awareness of Neuropsychological Deficits Questionnaire for Children (SAND-C) was created to assess awareness of cognitive functioning in 6 domains (attention, psychomotor, visual-spatial, language, memor...

  10. Spiritual needs of patients with chronic pain diseases and cancer - validation of the spiritual needs questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Büssing A; Balzat HJ; Heusser P

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Purpose For many patients confronted with chronic diseases, spirituality/religiosity is a relevant resource to cope. While most studies on patients' spiritual needs refer to the care of patients at the end of life, our intention was to develop an instrument to measure spiritual, existential and psychosocial need of patients with chronic diseases. Methods In an anonymous cross-sectional survey, we applied the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ version 1.2.) to 210 patients (75% women...

  11. Negative Affect Repair Questionnaire (NARQ) : development and validation of an instrument assessing negative affect regulation strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Eberle, Nicole

    2009-01-01

    A reliable instrument for the assessment of a wide range of cognitive and behavioral affect regulation strategies is not only of major relevance for healthy people but also for patients with mental disorders. The results of the present thesis suggest that the Negative Affect Repair Questionnaire (NARQ) is a well-defined and a reliable instrument for the assessment of affect regulation strategies, particularly in clinical populations. Findings to the prevalence of negative affect repair strate...

  12. The Caregiver Burden Questionnaire for Heart Failure (CBQ-HF) : face and content validity

    OpenAIRE

    Humphrey, Louise; Kulich, Karoly; Deschaseaux, Celine; Blackburn, Steven; Maguire, Laura; Stro?mberg, Anna

    2013-01-01

    Background A new caregiver burden questionnaire for heart failure (CBQ-HF v1.0) was developed based on previously conducted qualitative interviews with HF caregivers and with input from HF clinical experts. Version 1.0 of the CBQ-HF included 41 items measuring the burden associated with caregiving in the following domains: physical, emotional/psychological, social, and impact on caregiver’s life. Following initial development, the next stage was to evaluate caregivers’ understanding of th...

  13. Measuring how people view biomedical research: Reliability and validity analysis of the Research Attitudes Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Rubright, Jonathan D.; Mark S. Cary; Karlawish, Jason H.; Kim, Scott Y. H.

    2011-01-01

    With increasing numbers of studies on research ethics and a need to improve the recruitment of research subjects, the ability to measure attitudes toward biomedical research has become important. The Research Attitudes Questionnaire is a significant predictor of the public’s attitudes toward and willingness to participate in research, yet limited data are available on its psychometric properties. This study establishes the scale’s internal consistency and dimensionality using a large Inte...

  14. [Validation of the "Digest Questionnaire" for consistency and reproducibility with reference to upper abdominal symptoms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meier, R; Beglinger, C; Moser, N; Meyer, M; Brignoli, R

    1998-05-30

    "Digest" is a international effort to record the prevalence of digestive symptoms in the general population. The international questionnaire was tested in German translation for reliability and reproducibility. The questionnaire consists of 14 symptoms, which were investigated by standardized questions. Each symptom was described in 3 dimensions: frequency, severity and impact on daily activities. 127 successive patients referred for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were interviewed twice by a young assistant and by an experienced gastroenterologist before the diagnostic work-up. A further 72 volunteers served as a control group. In these volunteers no upper gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed. Reliability and reproducibility were calculated by the Spearman rank test. The most frequent diagnoses were: organic diseases (oesophagitis [28], gastric ulcer/erosive gastritis [32] and duodenal ulcer [18]); functional diseases (dyspepsia [32] and irritable bowel syndrome [14]). Reproducibility was satisfactory by accepted standards (p > 0.7). Reliability was very good, with r-values for each symptom between p 0.96-0.99. The impact on daily activities was highest in the case of heart-burn or localized upper gastrointestinal pain, and lowest in the case of belching and fullness. The questionnaire can be easily administered by the non-specialist and the results discriminate well between functional/organic diseases and healthy people, thanks to excellent reproducibility and reliability. PMID:9653826

  15. The Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith Questionnaire (SCSORF): a validation study on Iranian Muslim patients undergoing dialysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pakpour, Amir H; Plante, Thomas G; Saffari, Mohsen; Fridlund, Bengt

    2014-12-01

    The Santa Clara Strength of Religious Faith Questionnaire (SCSORF) is an often used and validated scale that is uncommonly utilized in culturally diverse populations. The purpose of this research investigation was to adapt the SCSORF for use among Iranian Muslim patients undergoing dialysis and to examine the reliability and validity of the scale among this population. A total of 428 patients (228 females, 200 males, M age = 52.2 years, SD = 10) were selected from five dialysis center in Tehran and Qazvin, Iran. A comprehensive forward-backward translation system was used for cross-cultural translation. Patients completed a baseline questionnaire obtaining demographic and clinical information as well as the SCSORF, the Age Universal Religious Orientation Scale (AUROS), the religious life inventory (RLI), and the Duke University religion index (DUREL). 2 weeks later, patients were asked to complete the SCSORF once again. Reliability of the SCSORF was examined using internal consistency and test-rest reliability. Convergent validity and factor structure using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were also examined. Cronbach's ? for the single construct of the SCSORF was 0.89 with adequate test-retest reliability measured over a 2 week period. SCSORF scores were significantly correlated with AUROS, RLI and the DUREL. The EFA generated a single factor solution for the SCSORF while these results were confirmed by the CFA in an independent sample. Findings demonstrated that the SCSORF has favorable reliability, convergent validity, and divergent validity among Iranian Muslim patients undergoing dialysis and is recommended for use by clinicians (e.g., nephrologists) to measure strength of religious faith among patients. PMID:24687260

  16. Development and preliminary validation of a Greek-language outpatient satisfaction questionnaire with principal components and multi-trait analyses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Papadopoulos Efthemis A

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In the recent years there is a growing interest in Greece concerning the measurement of the satisfaction of patients who are visiting the outpatient clinics of National Health System (NHS general acute hospitals. The aim of this study is therefore to develop a patient satisfaction questionnaire and provide its preliminary validation. Methods A questionnaire in Greek has been developed by literature review, researchers' on the spot observation and interviews. Pretesting has been followed by telephone surveys in two short-term general NHS hospitals in Macedonia, Greece. A proportional stratified random sample of 285 subjects and a second random sample of 100 outpatients, drawn on March 2004, have been employed for the analysis. These have resulted in scale creation via Principal Components Analysis and psychometric testing for internal consistency, test-retest and interrater reliability as well as construct validity. Results Four summated scales have emerged regarding the pure outpatient component of the patients' visits, namely medical examination, hospital environment, comfort and appointment time. Cronbach's alpha coefficients and Pearson, Spearman and intraclass correlations indicate a high degree of scale reliability and validity. Two other scales -lab appointment time and lab experience- capture the apparently distinct yet complementary visitor experience related to the radiographic and laboratory tests. Psychometric tests are equally promising, however, some discriminant validity differences lack statistical significance. Conclusion The instrument appears to be reliable and valid regarding the pure outpatient experience, whereas more research employing larger samples is required in order to establish the apparent psychometric properties of the complementary radiographic and laboratory-testing process, which is only relevant to about 25% of the subjects analysed here.

  17. External validity of the Symptom Assessment-45 Questionnaire (SA-45) in a clinical sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slavin-Mulford, Jenelle; Perkey, Hana; Blais, Mark; Stein, Michelle; Sinclair, Samuel Justin

    2015-04-01

    This study seeks to evaluate the construct validity of the Symptom Assessment-45 by investigating the instrument's correlation with selected scales from the Personality Assessment Inventory and life-event data in a sample of 93 psychiatric patients. The life-event data used in the study included: education and employment, as well as history of suicide attempts, psychiatric hospitalizations, medical problems, hallucinations, and paranoid ideation. Bivariate correlations were computed to explore the associations among the SA-45 scales and the validity criteria. The results indicated that the SA-45 scales demonstrated adequate convergent and divergent validity with target scales from the PAI. They were also found to be meaningfully associated with a variety of life event variables. These findings add to the emerging body of evidence corroborating the convergent and discriminant validity of the SA-45. PMID:25612902

  18. Reliability and Validity of Self-Reported Questionnaires Related to Adolescent Violence and Consequences, Thailand

    OpenAIRE

    Nualnong Wongtongkam; Paul Russell Ward; Andrew Day; Anthony Harold Winefield

    2013-01-01

    In Thailand physical violence among male adolescents is considered a significant public health issue, although there has been little published research into the aetiology and functions of violence in Thai youth. Research in this area has been hampered by a lack of psychometrically sound tools that have been validated to assess problem behaviours in Asian youth. The purpose of this paper is to provide validity and reliability data on an instrument to measure violence in Thai youth. In this stu...

  19. The Prostate Care Questionnaire for Patients (PCQ-P): Reliability, validity and acceptability

    OpenAIRE

    Mellon John K; Agarwal Shona; Sinfield Paul; Colman Andrew M; Baker Richard; Tarrant Carolyn; Steward William; Kockelbergh Roger

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background In England, prostate cancer patients report worse experience of care than patients with other cancers. However, no standard measure of patient experience of prostate cancer care is currently available. This paper describes an evaluation of the reliability, validity and acceptability of the PCQ-P, a newly developed instrument designed to measure patient experience of prostate cancer care. Methods The reliability, acceptability and validity of the PCQ-P were tested through a...

  20. Transcultural adaptation and validation of the "Adult Eosinophilic Esophagitis Quality of Life Questionnaire" into Spanish / Adaptación transcultural y validación al español del "Adult Eosinophilic Esophagitis Quality of Life Questionnaire"

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alfredo J., Lucendo; Marta, Sánchez-Cazalilla; Javier, Molina-Infante; Isabel, Pérez-Martínez; José M., Tenias; Jesús, Barrio; Óscar, Nantes; Constanza Ciriza de los, Ríos; Antonia, Perelló; Ángel, Arias.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: The "Adult Eosinophilic Esophagitis Quality of Life (EoE-QoL-A) Questionnaire" was developed in English as a valid, reliable, and disease-specific health-related QoL measure. This research aims to adapt and validate this questionnaire for Spanish-speaking patients. Patients and methods: [...] A multicenter, observational, prospective study was conducted at 8 Spanish hospitals. The cultural adaptation of the original EoE-QoL-A questionnaire was undertaken through a standardized 3-phase procedure: 1. Translation; 2. Retrotranslation; and 3. Pilot study. Patients completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Short Form (SF)-12, the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire (BIPQ), and the adapted EoE-QoL-A, with a retest 3 months later. Statistical analysis included construct validity, internal consistency, criterion validity, and reproducibility. Results: One hundred and seventy adult EoE patients (73.5 % male; aged 33.5 ± 11.4-y) were included in the study. With regard to internal validity, all Cronbach alpha values were > 0.75. A significant correlation between items assessed in the SF-12, BIPQ and EoE-QoL-A questionnaires (p

  1. Young & restless: Validation of the Mind-Wandering Questionnaire (MWQ reveals disruptive impact of mind-wandering for youth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MichaelD.Mrazek

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Mind-wandering is the focus of extensive investigation, yet until recently there has been no validated scale to directly measure trait levels of task-unrelated thought. Scales commonly used to assess mind-wandering lack face validity, measuring related constructs such as daydreaming or behavioral errors. Here we report four studies validating a Mind-Wandering Questionnaire (MWQ across college, high school, and middle school samples. The 5-item scale showed high internal consistency, as well as convergent validity with existing measures of mind-wandering and related constructs. Trait levels of mind-wandering, as measured by the MWQ, were correlated with task-unrelated thought measured by thought sampling during a test of reading comprehension. In both middle school and high school samples, mind-wandering during testing was associated with worse reading comprehension. By contrast, elevated trait levels of mind-wandering predicted worse mood, less life-satisfaction, greater stress, and lower self-esteem. By extending the use of thought sampling to measure mind-wandering among adolescents, our findings also validate the use of this methodology with younger populations. Both the MWQ and thought sampling indicate that mind-wandering is a pervasive – and problematic – influence on the performance and well-being of adolescents.

  2. Psychosocial and spiritual needs of patients with chronic diseases: validation of the Chinese version of the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Arndt Büssing; Xiao-feng Zhai

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Even in secular societies, a small portion of patients find their spirituality to help cope with illness. But for the majority of patients, psychosocial and spiritual needs are neither addressed nor even considered a relevant factor by health care professionals. To measure such specific needs, the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ) was developed. The aim of this study was to validate the Chinese version of the SpNQ (SpNQ-Ch) and thus to measure psychosocial and spiritual needs of...

  3. Reliability and validity of a new measure of patient satisfaction with out of hours primary medical care in the United Kingdom: development of a patient questionnaire.

    OpenAIRE

    Mckinley, R. K.; Manku-scott, T.; Hastings, A. M.; French, D. P.; Baker, R.

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To develop a reliable, valid measure of patient satisfaction with out of hours care suitable for large scale service evaluation. DESIGN: Focus group meetings and semistructured interviews with patients to identify issues of importance to patients and possible questionnaire items; interviews and two pilot studies to test and identify new questionnaire items; modification or removal of items to eliminate ambiguity and reduce non-response and skewed responses; questionnaire survey of ...

  4. Development and Validation of the Chinese Attitudes to Starting Insulin Questionnaire (Ch-ASIQ) for Primary Care Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    Fu, Sau Nga; Chin, Weng Yee; Wong, Carlos King Ho; Yeung, Vincent Tok Fai; Yiu, Ming Pong; Tsui, Hoi Yee; Chan, Ka Hung

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a Chinese questionnaire which assesses the barriers and enablers to commencing insulin in primary care patients with poorly controlled Type 2 diabetes. Research Design and Method: Questionnaire items were identified using literature review. Content validation was performed and items were further refined using an expert panel. Following translation, back translation and cognitive debriefing, the translated Chinese questionnaire...

  5. The development and validation of a physical activity recall questionnaire for adults: using a cognitive model of the question-answer process

    OpenAIRE

    Martin, Niamh

    2005-01-01

    Research has revealed that regular physical activity (PA) positively affects health. Accurate measurement of physical activity levels among adults is thus required. Recall questionnaires can obtain this in formation but retrieval of accurate in formation is known to be difficult. Accuracy can be enhanced by developing questionnaires that use cognitive techniques and recall cues. This researchde signed a valid and reliable past-seven -day Physical Activity Recall Questionnaire ( P A R Q ), us...

  6. Tradução e validação da adaptação para o exercício do Perceived Motivational Climate Sport Questionnaire / Translation and validation of the exercise adaptation of the Perceived Motivational Climate Sport Questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Luís, Cid; João, Moutão; José, Leitão; José, Alves.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo principal do estudo é a tradução e validação da versão portuguesa da adaptação ao exercício do Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire (PMCSQ), com recurso à análise fatorial exploratória (AFE) e confirmatória (AFC), realizadas com dois grupos independentes de praticantes de [...] exercício em ginásios, de ambos os géneros e com idades compreendidas entre os 14 e os 64 anos. Na AFE os resultados revelam uma estrutura que explica 52% da variância dos resultados, pesos fatoriais entre 0.63 e 0.80, e uma boa consistência interna (?Mestria=0.78; ?Performance=0.74). Na AFC os resultados indicam um excelente ajustamento do modelo: S-B?²=40.6; df=34; p=0.20; S-B?²/df=1.19; SRMR=0.03; NNFI=0.98; CFI=0.99; RMSEA=0.02; 90% IC RMSEA=0.00-0.05, uma consistência interna razoável (?Mestria=0.74; ?Performance=0.75), e pesos fatoriais entre 0.50 e 0.79, o que nos leva a concluir que a versão Portuguesa da adaptação do PMCSQ ao exercício pode ser utilizada na avaliação do clima motivacional no exercício. Abstract in english The main purpose of this study is to present the results of translation and validation of the Portuguese version of Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire (PMCSQ) adaptation to exercise, through exploratory (EFA) and confirmatory (CFA) factor analysis, performed with two independent g [...] roups of participants, all exercisers in private fitness clubs, of both sexes, and aged between 14 and 64 years old. The EFA results reveal a structure explaining 52% of total variance, with factor loadings ranged from 0.63 to 0.80, and reasonable reliability (?Mastery=0.78; ?Performance=0.74). The AFC results showed an excellent model fit to data: S-B?²=40.6; df=34; p=0.20; S-B?²/df=1.19; SRMR=0.03; NNFI=0.98; CFI=0.99; RMSEA=0.02; 90% IC RMSEA=0.00-0.05, an acceptable reliability (?Mastery=0.74; ?Performance=0.75), and factor loadings ranged from 0.50 to 0.79, which leads us to conclude that Portuguese version of PMCSQ adaptation to exercise can be used to measure motivational climate in exercise.

  7. Tradução e validação da adaptação para o exercício do Perceived Motivational Climate Sport Questionnaire Translation and validation of the exercise adaptation of the Perceived Motivational Climate Sport Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Cid

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo principal do estudo é a tradução e validação da versão portuguesa da adaptação ao exercício do Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire (PMCSQ, com recurso à análise fatorial exploratória (AFE e confirmatória (AFC, realizadas com dois grupos independentes de praticantes de exercício em ginásios, de ambos os géneros e com idades compreendidas entre os 14 e os 64 anos. Na AFE os resultados revelam uma estrutura que explica 52% da variância dos resultados, pesos fatoriais entre 0.63 e 0.80, e uma boa consistência interna (?Mestria=0.78; ?Performance=0.74. Na AFC os resultados indicam um excelente ajustamento do modelo: S-B?²=40.6; df=34; p=0.20; S-B?²/df=1.19; SRMR=0.03; NNFI=0.98; CFI=0.99; RMSEA=0.02; 90% IC RMSEA=0.00-0.05, uma consistência interna razoável (?Mestria=0.74; ?Performance=0.75, e pesos fatoriais entre 0.50 e 0.79, o que nos leva a concluir que a versão Portuguesa da adaptação do PMCSQ ao exercício pode ser utilizada na avaliação do clima motivacional no exercício.The main purpose of this study is to present the results of translation and validation of the Portuguese version of Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire (PMCSQ adaptation to exercise, through exploratory (EFA and confirmatory (CFA factor analysis, performed with two independent groups of participants, all exercisers in private fitness clubs, of both sexes, and aged between 14 and 64 years old. The EFA results reveal a structure explaining 52% of total variance, with factor loadings ranged from 0.63 to 0.80, and reasonable reliability (?Mastery=0.78; ?Performance=0.74. The AFC results showed an excellent model fit to data: S-B?²=40.6; df=34; p=0.20; S-B?²/df=1.19; SRMR=0.03; NNFI=0.98; CFI=0.99; RMSEA=0.02; 90% IC RMSEA=0.00-0.05, an acceptable reliability (?Mastery=0.74; ?Performance=0.75, and factor loadings ranged from 0.50 to 0.79, which leads us to conclude that Portuguese version of PMCSQ adaptation to exercise can be used to measure motivational climate in exercise.

  8. Transcultural adaptation and validation of the Conditions of Work Effectiveness - Questionnaire-II instrument / Adaptación transcultural y validez del instrumento Conditions of Work Effectiveness - Questionnaire-II / Adaptação transcultural e validação do instrumento Conditions of Work Effectiveness - Questionnaire-II

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Elizabeth, Bernardino; Ana Maria, Dyniewicz; Kaoana Lima Botto, Carvalho; Luisa Canestraro, Kalinowski; Wagner Hugo, Bonat.

    1112-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: este estudo teve como objetivo traduzir e validar o conteúdo do instrumento Conditions of Work Effectiveness - Questionnaire-II, desenvolvido por Laschinger, Finegan, Shamian e Wilk e modificado do original Conditions Work Effectiveness - Questionnaire, para a cultura brasileira. MÉTO [...] DO: o procedimento metodológico constituiu-se das etapas de tradução do instrumento para a língua portuguesa; back-translation; equivalência semântica, idiomática e cultural e testes da versão final. O instrumento na versão em português foi aplicado a um grupo de 40 enfermeiras, em dois hospitais. RESULTADOS: os dados resultaram em alfa de Cronbach em 0,86 para o primeiro hospital e 0,88 para o segundo. Os resultados da análise fatorial são considerados bastante satisfatórios. CONCLUSÃO: conclui-se que o instrumento pode ser utilizado no Brasil. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: este estudio tuvo como objetivo traducir y validar el contenido del instrumento Conditions of Work Effectiveness - Questionnaire-II (CWEQ-II), desarrollado por Laschinger, Finegan, Shamian y Wilk y modificado del original CWEQ, para la cultura brasileña. MÉTODO: el procedimiento meto [...] dológico se constituye de las etapas de traducción del instrumento para la lengua portuguesa; back-translation; equivalencia semántica, idiomática y cultural y pruebas de la versión final. El instrumento en la versión en portugués fue aplicado a un grupo de 40 enfermeras, en dos hospitales. RESULTADOS: los datos resultaron en Alfa de Cronbach en 0,86 para el primer hospital y 0,88 para el segundo. Los resultados del análisis de los factores son considerados muy satisfactorios. CONCLUSIÓN: se concluye que el instrumento puede ser utilizado en Brasil. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This study aims at translating and validating the content of the instrument Conditions of Work Effectiveness - Questionnaire-II (CWEQ-II), developed by Laschinger, Finegan, Shamian and Wilk, modified from the original CWEQ for the Brazilian culture. METHOD: the methodological proced [...] ure consisted of the stages of translation of the instrument into the Portuguese language; back-translation; semantic, idiomatic and cultural equivalence and tests of the final version. The instrument in the Portuguese version was applied to a group of 40 nurses in two hospitals. RESULTS: the data resulted in a Cronbach's Alpha of 0.86 for the first hospital and 0.88 for the second one. The results of the factorial analysis are considered sufficiently satisfactory. CONCLUSION: It is to conclude that the instrument can be used in Brazil.

  9. Reliability and concurrent validity of the adapted Greek version of the Scoliosis Research Society-22r Questionnaire. A cross-sectional study performed on conservatively treated patients

    OpenAIRE

    Potoupnis, M.; Papavasiliou, K.; Kenanidis, E.; Pellios, S.; Kapetanou, A.; Sayegh, F.; Kapetanos, G.

    2012-01-01

    Background: The Scoliosis Research Society-22r Questionnaire (SRS-22r) is a questionnaire assessing the health related quality of life of patients with scoliosis. Aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Greek Version of the SRS-22r in patients suffering from scoliosis who were treated conservatively.

  10. A construction and validation of a Freshman Stress Questionnaire: an exploratory study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boujut, Emilie; Bruchon-Schweitzer, Marilou

    2009-04-01

    A stress questionnaire for freshmen was developed and administered to 1,102 French students at the beginning of the term (T1). A Principal Component Analysis of responses, followed by varimax and oblique rotations, yielded four factors accounting for 58% of the total variance. Factors were identified as academic stress, university's dysfunctions, feelings of loneliness, and problems with close relations. Associations were observed between scores on these factors and on personal variables measured at the same time (T1), namely, neuroticism, self-esteem, and two coping strategies, as well as variables measured at the end of the term (T2), depressive symptoms, eating disorders, somatic symptoms, and life satisfaction. PMID:19610500

  11. Validation of a screening questionnaire for hip and knee osteoarthritis in old people

    OpenAIRE

    Arenaza Juan C; Lafuente Iratxe; Escobar Antonio; Arostegui Inmaculada; Quintana José M; Garcia Isidoro; Aguirre Urko

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Background To develop a sensitive and specific screening tool for knee and hip osteoarthritis in the general population of elderly people. Methods The Knee and Hip OsteoArthritis Screening Questionnaire (KHOA-SQ) was developed based on previous studies and observed data and sent to 11,002 people aged 60 to 90 years, stratified by age and gender, who were selected by random sampling. Algorithms of the KHOA-SQ were created. Respondents positive for knee or hip OA on the KHOA-SQ were in...

  12. Measuring selfhood according to self-determination theory: Construction and validation of the Ego Functioning Questionnaire (EFQ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majstorovi? Nebojša

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this research was to develop and validate an instrument designed to measure the three types of self proposed by Hodgins and Knee (2002: integrated, ego-invested, and impersonal. This measure was termed The Ego Functioning Questionnaire (EFQ. In Study 1 (N=202, the factorial structure of the EFQ was examined by means of an exploratory factor analysis, and the metric properties of its subscales were documented. In Study 2 (N=300, the 3 factor structure of the EFQ was successfully corroborated using a confirmatory factor analysis. In Study 3 (N=131, associations between the EFQ and a variety of cognitive, affective, and social variables were found to display meaningful patterns, thereby providing support for the EFQ’s construct validity. Also, the EFQ was not susceptible to socially desirable responding. Results are discussed in terms of their fundamental and applied implications.

  13. Validity of the Questionnaire for the Revised Version of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED-41

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Rabie

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: 4TThe revised version of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED-41 is a self-report questionnaire that measures symptoms (panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, school phobia, social phobia of DSM-IV linked anxiety disorders in children with aged 8 to 18 years. The aim of the present study was to examine the validation of the (SCARED-41 in a sample of 300 school children. Materials and Methods:4T After the translation of the original version of the mentioned Scale to Farsi and confirming it by two psychology and English language professors, the final version was administered to 300 students (150 males, 150 females of Isfahan who were selected through stratified-cluster sampling. The age range of the participants was between 19 to 35 years. To assess reliability, internal consistency and split half methods were used. Also, concurrent, validity of convergent and divergent and factorial structure were used to determine validity. Results: 4TThe range of Cronbach’s alpha and retest were from 0.52 to 0.93 for subscale. Also, the coefficients of total Cronbach’s alpha reliability and retest were 0.93, and 0.92 respectively. Moreover, results of the concurrent validity, validity of convergent and divergent and factorial structure showed that (SCARED-41 has satisfactory validity. Conclusion: 4TThe revised version of the SCARED-41 has satisfactory reliability and validity in the sample of Iranian students, and could be used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes.

  14. Validity and reproducibility of the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) questionnaire for the measurement of the physical activity level in patients after total knee arthroplasty

    OpenAIRE

    Bolszak, Sylvain; Casartelli, Nicola; Impellizzeri, Franco; Maffiuletti, Nicola

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The need for valid and reproducible questionnaires to routinely assess the physical activity level of patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is of particular concern in clinical settings. Aims of this study were to evaluate the validity and reproducibility of the physical activity scale for the elderly (PASE) questionnaire in TKA patients, with a particular view on gender differences. METHODS: A total of 50 elderly patients (25 women and 25 men aged 70?±?6 years) follo...

  15. The reliability and validity study of the Kinesthetic and Visual Imagery Questionnaire in individuals with Multiple Sclerosis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yousef Moghadas, Tabrizi; Nasser, Zangiabadi; Shahrzad, Mazhari; Farzaneh, Zolala.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: Motor imagery (MI) has been recently considered as an adjunct to physical rehabilitation in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). It is necessary to assess MI abilities and benefits in patients with MS by using a reliable tool. The Kinesthetic and Visual Imagery Questionnaire (KVIQ) wa [...] s recently developed to assess MI ability in patients with stroke and other disabilities. Considering the different underlying pathologies, the present study aimed to examine the validity and reliability of the KVIQ in MS patients. METHOD: Fifteen MS patients were assessed using the KVIQ in 2 sessions (5-14days apart) by the same examiner. In the second session, the participants also completed a revised MI questionnaire (MIQ-R) as the gold standard. Intra-class correlation coefficients (ICCs) were measured to determine test-retest reliability. Spearman's correlation analysis was performed to assess concurrent validity with the MIQ-R. Furthermore, the internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) and factorial structure of the KVIQ were studied. RESULTS: The test-retest reliability for the KVIQ was good (ICCs: total KVIQ=0.89, visual KVIQ=0.85, and kinesthetic KVIQ=0.93), and the concurrent validity between the KVIQ and MIQ-R was good (r=0.79). The KVIQ had good internal consistency, with high Cronbach's alpha (alpha=0.84). Factorial analysis showed the bi-factorial structure of the KVIQ, which was explained by visual=57.6% and kinesthetic=32.4%. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study revealed that the KVIQ is a valid and reliable tool for assessing MI in MS patients.

  16. Assessment of the Reliability and Validity of a Stress Questionnaire for Pharmacy Administration Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Konduri, Niranjan; Gupchup, Gireesh V.; Borrego, Matthew E.; Worley-Louis, Marcia

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to test and assess the reliability and validity of a modified stress scale in a sample of pharmacy graduate students. The modified stress scale was used as part of a larger, nationwide, study whose aim was to investigate the association of stress, perceived academic success and health-related quality of life among…

  17. Validation of the Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire, Mandarin Chinese Version (CH-ASSQ) in Beijing, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Yan-Qing; Tang, Yilang; Rice, Catherine; Lee, Li-Ching; Wang, Yu-Feng; Cubells, Joseph F.

    2011-01-01

    Background: This study screened children in Beijing, China, in order to establish the validity of a Mandarin Chinese translation of the ASSQ. Methods: We recruited children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), childhood-onset schizophrenia (COS) (DSM-IV diagnoses made independently by…

  18. Validity of Social, Moral and Emotional Facets of Self-Description Questionnaire II

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Kim Chau; Marsh, Herbert W.; Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; Abduljabbar, Adel S.

    2015-01-01

    Studies adopting a construct validity approach can be categorized into within- and between-network studies. Few studies have applied between-network approach and tested the correlations of the social (same-sex relations, opposite-sex relations, parent relations), moral (honesty-trustworthiness), and emotional (emotional stability) facets of the…

  19. Age, gender, mileage and the DBQ: The validity of the Driver Behavior Questionnaire in different driver groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinussen, Laila Marianne; Hakamies-Blomqvist, Liisa

    2013-01-01

    The Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ) is one of the most widely used instruments for measuring selfreported driving behaviors. Despite the popularity of the DBQ, the applicability of the DBQ in different driver groups has remained mostly unexamined. The present study measured aberrant driving behavior using the original DBQ (Reason, J.T., Manstead, A., Stradling, S.G., Baxter, J., Campbell, K., 1990. Errors and violations on the road – a real distinction. Ergonomics, 33 (10/11), 1315–1332) to test the factorial validity and reliability of the instrument across different subgroups of Danish drivers. The survey was conducted among 11,004 Danish driving license holders of whom 2250 male and 2190 female drivers completed the questionnaire containing background variables and the DBQ. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis showed that the original three-factor solution, a four-factor solution and a two-factor solution had acceptable fit when using the whole sample. However, fit indices of these solutions varied across subgroups. The presents study illustrates that both the original DBQ and a Danish four-factor DBQ structure is relatively stable across subgroups, indicating factorial validity and reliability of the DBQ. However, as the Danish DBQ structure has an overall better fit, the present study highlights the importance of performing an explorative analysis when applying the DBQ in order to assess the problem areas within a driving population. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Validation of a French adaptation of the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire among torture survivors from sub-Saharan African countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Capucine de Fouchier

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: To date no validated instrument in the French language exists to screen for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD in survivors of torture and organized violence. Objective: The aim of this study is to adapt and validate the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ to this population. Method: The adapted version was administered to 52 French-speaking torture survivors, originally from sub-Saharan African countries, receiving psychological treatment in specialized treatment centers. A structured clinical interview for DSM was also conducted in order to assess if they met criteria for PTSD. Results: Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the HTQ Part 4 was adequate (0.95. Criterion validity was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis that generated good classification accuracy for PTSD (0.83. At the original cut-off score of 2.5, the HTQ demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity (0.87 and 0.73, respectively. Conclusion: Results support the reliability and validity of the French version of the HTQ.

  1. Validating the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire Against Polysomnography and Actigraphy in School-Aged Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markovich, Adria Nora; Gendron, Melissa Anne; Corkum, Penny Violet

    2015-01-01

    Sleep is a vital physiological behavior in children’s development, and as such it is important to be able to efficiently and accurately assess whether children display difficulties with sleep quality and quantity. The Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire [CSHQ; (1)] is one of the most commonly used assessment tools for pediatric sleep. However, this instrument has never been validated against the gold standard of sleep measurement [i.e., polysomnography (PSG)], and studies comparing it to actigraphy are limited. Therefore, the current study assessed the validity of four subscales of the CSHQ via direct comparison with PSG and actigraphy for 30 typically developing school-aged children (ages 6–12). No significant correlations between relevant CSHQ subscales and PSG variables were found. In terms of the actigraphy variables, only the CSHQ Night Wakings subscale achieved significance. In addition, sensitivity and specificity analyses revealed consistently low sensitivity and high specificity. Overall, the CSHQ Sleep Onset Delay, Sleep Duration, Night Wakings, and Sleep Disordered Breathing subscales showed low construct validity and diagnostic validity. These results underscore that caution should be taken when using the CSHQ as the sole screening tool for sleep problems in children. PMID:25610402

  2. Tradução, adaptação e validação do Relationship Questionnaire em jovens portugueses / Translation, adaptation and validation of the Relationship Questionnaire among portuguese young people / Traducción, adaptación y validación del Relationship Questionnaire en jóvenes portugueses

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria dos Anjos Coelho Rodrigues, Dixe; Helena da Conceição Borges Pereira, Catarino; Susana Margarida Rodrigues, Custódio; Cristina Maria Figueira, Veríssimo; Joana Alice da Silva Amaro Oliveira, Fabião; Maria da Conceição Gonçalves Marques Alegre de, Sá.

    2014-06-30

    Full Text Available Enquadramento: No âmbito das relações interpessoais, os relacionamentos amorosos assumem um significado especial no final da adolescência. Objetivos: Este estudo metodológico teve como principal objetivo traduzir e adaptar para a cultura portuguesa o Questionário do Relacionamento Amoroso. Metodolog [...] ia: Participaram 127 estudantes do ensino superior, selecionados por amostragem não probabilística intencional, tendo sido aplicado um questionário (questões relativas a características sociodemográficas e de relacionamento amoroso e o questionário de relacionamento amoroso). Resultados: Os resultados apontam para uma escala de 16 itens, distribuídos por 4 fatores (Relação possessiva, Relação controlo, Relação depreciativa e Relação destrutiva), que explicam 63,850% da variância. A matriz de correlação (?2 =840,544; pKaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO=0,815) garantem a adequação do modelo fatorial. Apresenta uma boa consistência interna (a de Cronbach de 0,847). Os dados confirmam o instrumento como rigoroso, fiável e válido. Os jovens apresentam uma qualidade de relacionamento saudável, sendo este relacionamento melhor nas raparigas que nos rapazes. Conclusão: Os resultados indiciaram estarmos perante um questionário fiável e válido para avaliar o relacionamento amoroso. Abstract in spanish Marco: En el ámbito de las relaciones interpersonales, las relaciones amorosas adquieren un significado especial al final de la adolescencia. Objetivos: El objetivo principal de este estudio metodológico ha sido traducir y adaptar a la cultura portuguesa el Cuestionario de Relaciones Amorosas. Metod [...] ología: Se contó con la participación de 127 estudiantes de enseñanza superior seleccionados por un muestreo no probabilístico intencional, y con un cuestionario (cuestiones relativas a las características sociodemográficas y de las relaciones amorosas, así como el cuestionario de relaciones amorosas). Resultados: Los resultados se reflejan en una escala de 16 ítems, distribuidos en 4 factores (relación posesiva, relación de control, relación de desprecio y relación destructiva), que explican el 63,850 % de varianza. La matriz de correlación ?2 = 840,544; pKaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO=0,815) garantizan la adecuación del modelo factorial. Asimismo, presenta una buena consistencia interna (a de Cronbach de 0,847). Los datos confirman que el instrumento es riguroso, fiable y válido. Las relaciones entre los jóvenes son por tanto sanas, aunque la calidad de estas es mejor en las chicas que en los chicos. Conclusión: Los resultados indican que nos encontramos ante un cuestionario fiable y válido de evaluación de las relaciones amorosas. Abstract in english Background: Within interpersonal relationships, romantic relationships take on a special meaning at the end of adolescence. Objectives: The main purpose of this methodological study was to translate and adapt the Relationship Questionnaire into the Portuguese culture. Methodology: A questionnaire (q [...] uestions related to socio-demographic characteristics and romantic relationships, as well as the relationship questionnaire) was applied to a sample composed of 127 higher education students, obtained using a non-probability purposive sampling. Results: Results showed a 16-item scale, distributed into four factors (Possessive relationship, Controlling relationship, Demeaning relationship, and Destructive relationship), which explained 63.850% of the variance. The correlation matrix (?²=840.544; pKaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure (KMO=0.815) ensured the adequacy of the factor model. The scale showed good internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.847). Data confirmed that the instrument is accurate, reliable and valid. Young people have healthy relationships, though female students have better relationships than male students. Conclusion: Results indicated that this is a reliable and valid questionnaire to assess romantic relationships.

  3. The validity and reliability of a home environment preschool-age physical activity questionnaire (Pre-PAQ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peat Jennifer K

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is a need for valid population level measures of physical activity in young children. The aim of this paper is to report the development, and the reliability and validity, of the Preschool-age Children's Physical Activity Questionnaire (Pre-PAQ which was designed to measure activity of preschool-age children in the home environment in population studies. Methods Pre-PAQ was completed by 103 families, and validated against accelerometry for 67 children (mean age 3.8 years, SD 0.74; males 53%. Pre-PAQ categorizes activity into five progressive levels (stationary no movement, stationary with limb or trunk movement, slow, medium, or fast-paced activity. Pre-PAQ Levels 1-2 (stationary activities were combined for analyses. Accelerometer data were categorized for stationary, sedentary (SED, non-sedentary (non-SED, light (LPA, moderate (MPA and vigorous (VPA physical activity using manufacturer's advice (stationary or the cut-points described by Sirard et al and Reilly et al. Bland-Altman methods were used to assess agreement between the questionnaire and the accelerometer measures for corresponding activity levels. Reliability of the Pre-PAQ over one week was determined using intraclass correlations (ICC or kappa (? values and percentage of agreement of responses between the two questionnaire administrations. Results Pre-PAQ had good agreement with LPA (mean difference 1.9 mins.day-1 and VPA (mean difference -4.8 mins.day-1, was adequate for stationary activity (mean difference 7.6 mins.day-1 and poor for sedentary activity, whether defined using the cut-points of Sirard et al (mean difference -235.4 mins.day-1 or Reilly et al (mean difference -208.6 mins.day-1 cut-points. Mean difference between the measures for total activity (i.e. Reilly's non-sedentary or Sirard's LMVPA was 20.9 mins.day-1 and 45.2 mins.day-1. The limits of agreement were wide for all categories. The reliability of Pre-PAQ question responses ranged from 0.31-1.00 (ICC (2, 1 for continuous measures and 0.60-0.97 (? for categorical measures. Conclusions Pre-PAQ has acceptable validity and reliability and appears promising as a population measure of activity behavior but it requires further testing on a more broadly representative population to affirm this. Pre-PAQ fills an important niche for researchers to measure activity in preschool-age children and concurrently to measure parental, family and neighborhood factors that influence these behaviors.

  4. The development and validation of a multidimensional sum-scaling questionnaire to measure patient-reported outcomes in acute respiratory tract infections in primary care : the acute respiratory tract infection questionnaire

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aabenhus, Rune; Thorsen, Hanne

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Patient-reported outcomes are seldom validated measures in clinical trials of acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) in primary care. We developed and validated a patient-reported outcome sum-scaling measure to assess the severity and functional impacts of ARTIs. METHODS: Qualitative interviews and field testing among adults with an ARTI were conducted to ascertain a high degree of face and content validity of the questionnaire. Subsequently, a draft version of the Acute Respiratory Tract Infection Questionnaire (ARTIQ) was statistically validated by using the partial credit Rasch model to test dimensionality, objectivity, and reliability of items. Test of known groups' validity was conducted by comparing participants with and without an ARTI. RESULTS: The final version of the ARTIQ consisted of 38 items covering five dimensions (Physical-upper, Physical-lower, Psychological, Sleep, and Medicine) and five single items. All final dimensions were confirmed to fit the Rasch model, thus enabling sum-scaling of responses. The ARTIQ scores in participants with an ARTI were significantly higher than in those without ARTI (known groups' validity). CONCLUSION: A self-administered, multidimensional, sum-scaling questionnaire with high face and content validity and adequate psychometric properties for assessing severity and functional impacts from ARTIs in adults is available to clinical trials and audits in primary care.

  5. Validity and Reliability of the Iranian Version of the Quality of Recovery-40 Questionnaire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yaghoobi, Siamak; Hamidfar, Monadi; Lawson, Douglas M.; Fridlund, Bengt; Myles, Paul Stewart; Pakpour, Amir H.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Recovery after anesthesia and surgery is a complex process and depends on many factors such as patient, anesthesia and surgery conditions as well pre-existing comorbidities. Objectives: The aims of this study were to translate the 40-item quality of recovery score (QoR-40) into Persian and evaluate its psychometric properties in Iranian patients. Patients and Methods: We enrolled patients candidate for elective general surgery undergoing general anesthesia from July 2013 to December 2013 at Shahid Rajaee Hospital, Qazvin, Iran. Translation was performed based on Beaton’s and Bullinger’s recommendations. Estimates of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, concurrent validity, predictive validity and clinical validity were performed. Results: All estimates of internal consistency were high (Cronbach's alpha = 0.89 for global estimates, subscales between 0.89 and 0.93). All test-retest scores and subscales were between 0.71 and 0.88.The correlation with a recovery visual analogue scale was 0.51, and all subscales correlated significantly with comparable subscales of the SF-36. An exploratory factor analysis found five-components and explained 52% of the variance. A confirmatory factor analysis based on the five-components, yielded good fit statistics (CFI = 0.93). Conclusions: Overall, the Persian version of the QoR-40 was both conceptually and linguistically equivalent to the original English QoR-40. This study revealed that the Persian version of the QoR-40 is a valid and reliable instrument to assess the recovery quality in Iranian patients after surgery. PMID:25893185

  6. A newer and broader definition of burnout: Validation of the "Burnout Clinical Subtype Questionnaire (BCSQ-36)"

    OpenAIRE

    García-Campayo Javier; Montero-Marín Jesús

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Background Burnout syndrome has been clinically characterised by a series of three subtypes: frenetic, underchallenged and worn-out, with reference to coping strategies for stress and frustration at work with different degrees of dedication. The aims of the study are to present an operating definition of these subtypes in order to assess their reliability and convergent validity with respect to a standard burnout criterion and to examine differences with regard to sex and the tempora...

  7. Validation of a Food Frequency Questionnaire for Assessing Macronutrient and Calcium Intake in Adult Pakistani Population

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To develop and validate a food frequency table (FFQ) for use in urban Pakistani population. Study Design: A validation study. Place and Duration of Study: The Aga Khan University, Karachi, from June to November 2008. Methodology: Healthy adult females, aged A 18 years who consented to be included in the study were inducted, while males, unhealthy females, aged below 18 years or who did not consent were excluded. The FFQ was administered once while 4, 24 hours recalls spread over a period of one year were administered as the reference method. Daily intakes for energy, protein, fat, and calcium intake were estimated for both the tools. Crude and energy adjusted correlations for nutrient intakes were computed for the FFQ and mean of 4, 24 hours recalls and serum N-telopeptide of type-I collagen (NTx). Results: The correlation coefficients for the FFQ with mean of 4, 24 hours recall ranged from 0.21 for protein to 0.36 for calcium, while the correlation for nutrient estimates from the FFQ with NTx ranged from -0.07 for calcium to 0.01 for energy. Conclusion: Highly significant correlations were found for nutrient intakes estimated from the FFQ vs. those estimated from the mean of 4, 24 hours recalls but no correlations was found between nutrient estimates from the FFQ and serum NTx levels. FFQ was concluded to be a valid tool for assessing dietary intake of adult females in Pakistan. (author)

  8. Validação do questionário de qualidade de vida (King's Health Questionnaire) em mulheres brasileiras com incontinência urinária / Validation of a quality of life questionnaire (King's Health Questionnaire) in Brazilian women with urinary incontinence

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Eliana Suelotto Machado, Fonseca; Adriana Luciana Moreno, Camargo; Rodrigo de Aquino, Castro; Marair Gracio Ferreira, Sartori; Marcelo Cunio Machado, Fonseca; Geraldo Rodrigues de, Lima; Manoel João Batista de Castello, Girão.

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: a proposta deste estudo foi traduzir e validar o King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ) para mulheres brasileiras com incontinência urinária. MÉTODOS: 134 pacientes com incontinência urinária, confirmada pelo estudo urodinâmico, foram recrutadas em ambulatório de Uroginecologia. Inicialmente, t [...] raduzimos o questionário KHQ para a língua portuguesa (do Brasil) de acordo com critérios internacionais. Devido às diferenças da língua, fizemos a adaptação cultural, estrutural, conceitual e semântica do KHQ, para que as pacientes compreendessem as questões. Todas as pacientes responderam duas vezes o KHQ, no mesmo dia, com dois entrevistadores distintos, com intervalo de 30 minutos de uma entrevista para a outra. Depois de 7 a 14 dias, a aplicação do questionário foi repetida numa segunda visita. Foram testadas a confiabilidade (consistência interna intra e inter-observador) e validade do constructo e discriminativa. RESULTADOS: foram necessárias várias adaptações culturais até obtermos a versão final. A consistência interna intra-observador (alfa de Cronbach) das diversas dimensões oscilou de moderada a alta (0,77-0,90) e a consistência interna inter-observador oscilou de 0,66 a 0,94. Na validação do constructo, obtivemos correlação de moderada a forte entre os domínios específicos para incontinência urinária e manifestações clínicas que, sabidamente, afetam a qualidade de vida dessas pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: o KHQ foi adaptado ao idioma português e para a cultura brasileira, mostrando grande confiabilidade e validade, devendo ser incluído e utilizado em qualquer estudo brasileiro de incontinência urinária. Abstract in english PURPOSE: the proposal of the present study was to translate and to validate King's Health Questionnaire (KHQ) for Brazilian women with urinary incontinence. METHODS: a hundred and thirty-four patients with urinary incontinence, confirmed by urodynamic study, were enrolled from the outpatient clinic [...] of Uroginecology. Initially, we translated the KHQ into the Brazilian Portuguese language in agreement with international criteria. Due to language and cultural differences we performed a cultural, structural, conceptual, and semantic adaptation of the KHQ, in order to make sure that patients were able to fully understand the questions. All patients answered the KHQ twice on the same day, within an interval of 30 min, applied by two different interviewers. After 7 to 14 days, on a second visit, the questionnaire was applied again. Reliability (intra- and interobserver internal consistency), construct and discriminative validity were tested. RESULTS: several cultural adaptations were necessary until we reached the final version. The intra-observer internal consistency (alpha of Cronbach) of the several dimensions varied from moderate to high (0.77-0.90), and the interobserver internal consistency varied from 0.66 to 0.94. Moderate to strong correlation was detected among the specific KHQ urinary incontinence dominions and clinical urinary incontinence manifestations known to affect the quality of life of these patients. CONCLUSION: KHQ was adapted to the Portuguese language and to the Brazilian culture, showing great reliability and validity. It should be included and used in any Brazilian urinary incontinence clinical trial.

  9. Estudo de validação do Partner Interaction Questionnaire para fumantes e ex-fumantes / Partner Interaction Questionnaire: Validation study for smokers and former smokers / Estudio de validación del Partner Interaction Questionnaire para los fumantes y ex fumantes

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria da Graça, Pereira; Fernanda, Afonso.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo tem por objetivo validar uma versão adaptada do Partner Interaction Questionnaire (PIQ), instrumento que avalia o suporte para deixar de fumar dado pelo parceiro. É apresentada uma versão adaptada do PIQ para fumantes e abstinentes. Participaram no estudo 224 fumantes (52.7% do sex [...] o feminino e 47.3% do sexo masculino; média de idades=28.6 anos; DP=8.69) e 169 ex-fumantes (68.6% do sexo masculino e 31.4% do sexo feminino; média de idades= 43.1 anos; DP=13.02). O instrumento apresentou boa fidelidade (alfa de Cronbach: 0.73) para a subescala positiva e para a subescala negativa (alfa de Cronbach: 0.77). O estudo de validade revelou a presença de dois fatores que explicam 43.36% da variância. O instrumento apresenta boa validade de construto, correlacionando-se positivamente com o ajustamento de casais e a qualidade de vida mental, e negativamente com a depressão. Esta versão adaptada do PIQ reuniu as condições necessárias para a sua aplicação em fumantes e ex-fumantes, podendo ser uma escala útil em programas de intervenção de cessação tabágica e de manutenção da abstinência. Abstract in spanish El presente artículo tiene como objetivo validar una versión adaptada del Partner Interaction Questionnaire (PIQ), un instrumento que evalúa el apoyo, para dejar de fumar, dado por el compañero. Es presentada una versión adaptada del PIQ para fumadores y ex fumadores. Participaron en el estudio 224 [...] fumadores (52.7% del sexo femenino y 47.3% del sexo masculino; promedio de edades= 28.58 años; DP=8.69) y 169 ex fumadores (68.6% del sexo masculino y 31.4% del sexo femenino; promedio de edades= 43.10 años; DP=13.02). El instrumento presentó una buena fiabilidad (alfa de Cronbach: 0.73) para la subescala positiva y la subescala negativa (alfa de Cronbach: 0.77). El estudio de validez reveló la presencia de dos factores que explican el 43.36% de la varianza. El instrumento presenta buena validez de constructo, correlacionándose positivamente con el ajuste de la pareja y calidad de vida mental, y negativamente con la depresión. Esta versión adaptada del PIQ reunió las condiciones necesarias a su aplicación en fumadores y ex fumadores, pudiendo ser una escala útil en programas de intervención para dejar de fumar y de mantenimiento de la abstinencia. Abstract in english The aim of this present study is to validate an adapted version of the Partner Interaction Questionnaire (PIQ), an instrument that assesses the support, to stop smoking, provided by the partner. An adapted version of the PIQ for smokers and former smokers is presented. Participants were 224 smokers [...] (52.7% female and 47.3% male and 31.4% female; mean age: 28.6 years; DP=8.69) and 169 former-smokers (68.6% male; mean age=43.10 years; DP=13.02). Results showed a good internal consistency for positive scale (Cronbach's alfa: 0.73) and the negative scale (Cronbach's alfa: 0.77). The validation study revealed the presence of two factors explaining 43.36% of the variance. The instrument presents good construct validity, with positive correlations with dyadic adjustment and mental quality of life and negatively with depression. The adapted version of PIQ seems to be a good indicator of partner s’ support presenting the necessary conditions for its application in smokers and former-smokers with the potential of being useful in intervention programs targeted for smoking cessation and abstinence maintenance.

  10. A questionnaire to evaluate the impact of chronic diseases: validated translation and Illness Effects Questionnaire (IEQ reliability study Um questionário para avaliação do impacto de doenças crônicas: tradução validada e estudo de confiabilidade do Illness Effects Questionnaire (IEQ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Pinto Fonseca

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Patients' perception about their health condition, mainly involving chronic diseases, has been investigated in many studies and it has been associated to depression, compliance with the treatment, quality of life and prognosis. The Illness Effects Questionnaire (IEQ is a tool which makes the standardized evaluation of patients' perception about their illness possible, so that it is brief and accessible to the different clinical settings. This work aims to begin the transcultural adaptation of the IEQ to Brazil through the validated translation and the reliability study. METHODS: The back-translation method and the test-retest reliability study were used in a sample of 30 adult patients under chronic hemodialysis. The reliability indexes were estimated using the Pearson, Spearman, Weighted Kappa and Cronbach's alpha coefficients. RESULTS: The semantic equivalence was reached through the validated translation. In this study, the reliability indexes obtained were respectively: 0.85 and 0.75 (p INTRODUÇÃO: A percepção do paciente acerca de sua condição de saúde, especialmente as crônicas, tem sido objeto de investigação de vários estudos e apresenta-se associada à ocorrência de depressão, à adesão ao tratamento, à qualidade de vida e ao prognóstico. O Illness Effects Questionnaire (IEQ é um instrumento que possibilita a avaliação padronizada da percepção do paciente em relação à doença, de forma breve e acessível aos diferentes quadros clínicos apresentados. Este trabalho tem como objetivo iniciar a adaptação transcultural do IEQ ao Brasil por meio da tradução validada e do estudo de confiabilidade. MÉTODOS: Utilizamos o método da retrotradução e o estudo de confiabilidade teste-reteste em amostra de 30 pacientes adultos em hemodiálise crônica. Os índices de confiabilidade foram estimados por meio dos coeficientes de Pearson, Spearman, Kappa Ponderado e alfa de Cronbach. RESULTADOS: A equivalência semântica foi atingida por meio da tradução validada. Obtivemos, respectivamente, os índices de confiabilidade: 0,85 e 0,75 (p < 0,001; 0,68 e 0,92 (p < 0,0001. DISCUSSÃO: Os índices de confiabilidade obtidos atestam a estabilidade das respostas nas duas avaliações. Procedimentos adicionais são necessários para que se complete a adaptação transcultural. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados atestam a validade da tradução e a confiabilidade da versão brasileira do IEQ para a amostra estudada.

  11. VALIDACIÓN DEL BODY SHAPE QUESTIONNAIRE (CUESTIONARIO DE LA FIGURA CORPORAL) BSQ PARA LA POBLACIÓN COLOMBIANA / VALIDATION OF THE BODY SHAPE QUESTIONNAIRE (BSQ) FOR COLOMBIAN POPULATION

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    DIEGO, CASTRILLÓN MORENO; IRIS, LUNA MONTAÑO; GERARDO, AVENDAÑO PRIETO; ANDRÉS M, PÉREZ-ACOSTA.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó la estandarización de la prueba Body Shape Questionnaire en población normal colombiana, al elegir un grupo de 1939 niñas, preadolescentes y adolescentes escolarizadas en siete colegios (cuatro públicos y tres privados), con edades comprendidas entre los 9 y 19 años, elegidas de forma ale [...] atoria en la ciudad de Popayán (Departamento del Cauca, Colombia). El promedio de edad fue de 14 años con una desviación estándar de 1.83 años. La elección se hizo por un muestreo estratificado por bloques, mediante el cual se seleccionó el 10% de las instituciones públicas y privadas de la población, y se tomó la muestra disponible en su totalidad. En este estudio se encontró que la prueba se divide en dos factores con una alta coherencia teórica que se podría esperar de un constructo en donde no sólo se habla de insatisfacción corporal en general, sino asociado la ganancia de peso corporal. No se estaría explorando, entonces, una característica dismórfica generalizada, sino aquélla asociada a la preocupación que causa el tener sobrepeso u obesidad. El primer factor se llamó Insatisfacción Corporal y el segundo Preocupación por el Peso. El método de estandarización usado fue el de validación de constructo a través del análisis factorial con rotación Varimax, que permitió obtener, altamente diferenciados, los dos factores mencionados anteriormente; es decir, se obtuvo un KMO (Kayser Meyer Olkin) de 0,98 y con una varianza de 52,3%. La consistencia interna se calculó por medio de un alfa de Cronbach, con coeficiente de correlación intraclase, con el que se obtuvo una medida de 0,95 para el instrumento en general, 0,95 para el primer factor y 0,92 para el segundo factor. Las puntuaciones se tipificaron en percentiles, estableciendo como punto de corte el percentil 85 que equivale a una puntuación directa de 59 para el factor de Insatisfacción Corporal, de 54 para el factor de Preocupación por el Peso y de 112 para la puntuación general. Abstract in english The standardization of the Body Shape Questionnaire test was performed on a typical Colombian population, consisting of a group of 1939 pre-teenager and teenager girls, aged between 9 and 19. The average age was 14, with a standard deviation of 1.83 years .The sample was randomly chosen from 7 schoo [...] ls (4 public and 3 private institutions), located in the city of Popayán (Cauca, Colombia). The study group was selected with the use of a stratified sampling method by blocks, choosing the 10% of the public and private institutions from the entire population and taking the total available sample. The findings of the study show that the test is divided into two factors that have high theoretical coherence. This could be expected from a construct which refers not only to corporal dissatisfaction in general, but that is associated with corporal weight gain. In consequence, the test would not be searching for a generalized dysmorphic characteristic but for one that is associated with concern about being overweight or obese. The first factor was called Corporal Dissatisfaction and the second, Concern about Weight. The standardization method used was construct validation through factorial analysis with Varimax rotation, resulting in a high differentiation between the two above mentioned factors. A KMO (Kayser Meyer Olkin) of 0.98 with a variance of 52.3% was yielded. The internal consistency was calculated by means of Cronbach alpha with intraclass correlation coefficient, yielding a measured value of 0.95 for the whole instrument, 0.95 for the first factor and 0.92 for the second factor. The scores were typified in percentiles, setting 85 as the cutting point, which is equivalent to a direct score of 59 for the Corporal Dissatisfaction factor, 54 for the Concern about Weight factor, and 112 for the general score.

  12. Validity of the Modified Baecke Questionnaire: comparison with energy expenditure according to the doubly labeled water method

    OpenAIRE

    Hm, Peeters Petra; Schouten Evert G; Monninkhof Evelyn M; Hertogh Emmy M; Schuit Albertine J

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background In epidemiological research, physical activity is usually assessed by questionnaires. Questionnaires are suitable for large study populations since they are relatively inexpensive and not very time consuming. However, questionnaire information is by definition subjective and prone to recall bias, especially among elderly subjects. The Modified Baecke Questionnaire, developed by Voorrips and coworkers, measures habitual physical activity in the elderly. The questionnaire in...

  13. THE VALIDITY OF THE MOOD DISORDER QUESTIONNAIRE FOR SCREENING BIPOLAR DISORDER: A META-ANALYSIS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hee Ryung; Woo, Young Sup; Ahn, Hyeong Sik; Ahn, Il Min; Kim, Hyun Jung; Bahk, Won-Myong

    2015-07-01

    We conducted a meta-analysis to review the diagnostic accuracy of the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) among patients with mood disorders. We used a bivariate random effects model to calculate summary sensitivity and specificity. Twenty-one studies were included. At the standard or modified cutoff value of 7, summary sensitivity was .62 and summary specificity was .85. When we pooled 11 studies including both patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and those with unipolar depression, the summary sensitivity was .76 and summary specificity was .81. However, among the six studies that excluded patients with known BD, the summary sensitivity was significantly reduced to .37 and summary specificity was .88. There were no significant differences on the diagnostic accuracy of the MDQ between studies from Eastern and Western countries after adjusting for various clinical correlates. The overall diagnostic accuracy of the MDQ was relatively good. However, when the MDQ is applied among patients with depression without previous diagnoses of BD, its sensitivity was significantly reduced. This suggests that when the MDQ is applied among this population, its optimal cutoff value should be adjusted to enhance its sensitivity. PMID:26010478

  14. Validation of a cocaine craving questionnaire (CCQ-G in Mexican population

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    Rodrigo Mar\\u00EDn-Navarrete

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo validar en la poblacion mexicana la escala Cocaine Craving Questionnaire General (CCQ-G. Para conseguir tal objetivo, se entrevisto y aplico la escala a una N=233 consumidores de cocaina que decidieron participar voluntariamente en el estudio. Los criterios para ingresar al estudio fueron los siguientes: no sufrir un episodio psicotico, maniaco, depresivo o dano cognitivo que impidiera resolver adecuadamente la escala. La muestra estuvo constituida por participantes masculinos, que reunian los criterios del DSM-IV-TR para abuso y dependencia a sustancias, con edades comprendidas entre 18 y 59 anos (M=27, SD=9.2. En el momento de las entrevistas estaban bajo tratamiento residencial entre la cuarta y duodecima semanas en cinco diferentes instituciones cuyo tratamiento se basa en el modelo de Alcoholicos Anonimos. El analisis factorial que se realizo senalo que el modelo se ajustaba a tres factores. El Factor 1 hacia referencia a la intencion de uso de cocaina; el Factor 2 expresaba deseos de consumo de cocaina; el Factor 3 hacia referencia a las expectativas positivas del consumo de cocaina. El instrumento tambien mostro una adecuada consistencia interna con un a=.87.

  15. Elaboration, validation and standardization of the five to fifteen (FTF) questionnaire in a Danish population sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambek, Rikke; Trillingsgaard, Anegen

    2015-03-01

    The five to fifteen (FTF) is a parent questionnaire developed to assess ADHD, its common comorbid conditions and associated problems in children and adolescents. The present study examined (1) the psychometric properties of scores on the new teacher version of the FTF, (2) competing models of the FTF subdomain structure and (3) the psychometric properties and utility of scores on the newly developed FTF impact questions. Parents (n=4258) and teachers (n=1298) of Danish children and adolescents (ages 5 to 17 years), selected using simple random sampling, completed the FTF. In the largest study of the FTF to date, parent and teacher scores had acceptable psychometric properties. The FTF subdomains were organized into six domains labelled cognitive skills, motor/perception, emotion/socialization/behaviour, attention, literacy skills and activity control and analysis of these domains may provide additional information when applying the FTF in the future. The impact questions yielded information above and beyond that provided by symptom count alone and appeared to increase the ability of the FTF to identify at risk children and adolescents. PMID:25590170

  16. Validation of the structural coherency of the General Health Questionnaire / Validação da coerência estrutural do Questionário de Saúde Geral

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Hudson Wander de, Carvalho; Christopher J., Patrick; Miguel Roberto, Jorge; Sérgio Baxter, Andreoli.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar a coerência estrutural da versão de 60 itens do Questionário de Saúde Geral de Goldberg por meio da aplicação de análises fatoriais exploratórias e confirmatórias. MÉTODO: Trata-se de um estudo de levantamento de desenho transversal. Uma amostra aleatória de 146 indivíduos volun [...] tários da cidade de Divinópolis-MG participou do presente estudo respondendo à versão de 60 itens do Questionário de Saúde Geral. As estatísticas consistiram de análises fatoriais exploratórias e confirmatórias. Fidedignidade foi estimada pelo método alpha de Cronbach. RESULTADOS: Os coeficientes alpha para todas as cinco escalas do Questionário de Saúde Geral foram elevados (? > 0,8). Para quatro das cinco escalas, um modelo unifatorial com base em seus respectivos itens apresentou bom ajuste aos dados. Itens que compunham a quinta escala, Estresse Psíquico, exibiram uma estrutura de dois fatores correlacionados. Uma análise fatorial dos escores das cinco escalas produziu fortes evidências de coerência, com todas as escalas apresentando cargas fatoriais robustas em um único fator. CONCLUSÃO: O Questionário de Saúde Geral apresenta bons indicadores psicométricos de coerência deflagrados pela elevada consistência interna e unidimensionalidade de todas menos uma de suas escalas constituintes e pelas cargas fatoriais, univocamente elevadas, em uma única e inclusiva dimensão. Os resultados apresentados são congruentes tanto com os do estudo de elaboração do Questionário de Saúde Geral quanto com os de sua adaptação para o Brasil. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: Investigate the structural coherency of the 60-item version of the General Health Questionnaire via exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. METHOD: The study design is a cross-sectional survey. A random sample of 146 individuals from the city of Divinópolis-MG volunteered to partici [...] pate in the present study and responded to the 60-item version of the General Health Questionnaire adapted and validated for use in Brazil. Statistics consisted of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability was estimated using Cronbach's alpha method. RESULTS: Alpha coefficients for all five content scales of the General Health Questionnaire were high (? > 0.8). For four of the five scales, a unifactorial model of constituent items provided a good fit to the data. Items comprising the fifth scale, Psychic Stress, exhibited a two-correlated factor structure. A factor analysis of scores for the five scales yielded strong evidence of coherency, with all scales loading substantially on a single common factor. CONCLUSION: The General Health Questionnaire shows good psychometric coherency as evidenced by high internal consistency and unidimensionality of all but one of its constituent scales, and uniformly high loadings of all scales on a single overarching factor. These results are consistent with prior findings from the General Health Questionnaire developmental study and Brazilian adaptation studies.

  17. A simple tool for diet evaluation in primary health care: validation of a 16-item food intake questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemiö, Katri; Pölönen, Auli; Ahonen, Kirsti; Kosola, Mikko; Viitasalo, Katriina; Lindström, Jaana

    2014-03-01

    Our aim was to validate a 16-item food intake questionnaire (16-FIQ) and create an easy to use method to estimate patients' nutrient intake in primary health care. Participants (52 men, 25 women) completed a 7-day food record and a 16-FIQ. Food and nutrient intakes were calculated and compared using Spearman correlation. Further, nutrient intakes were compared using kappa-statistics and exact and opposite agreement of intake tertiles. The results indicated that the 16-FIQ reliably categorized individuals according to their nutrient intakes. Methods to estimate nutrient intake based on the answers given in 16-FIQ were created. In linear regression models nutrient intake estimates from the food records were used as the dependent variables and sum variables derived from the 16-FIQ were used as the independent variables. Valid regression models were created for the energy proportion of fat, saturated fat, and sucrose and the amount of fibre (g), vitamin C (mg), iron (mg), and vitamin D (?g) intake. The 16-FIQ is a valid method for estimating nutrient intakes in group level. In addition, the 16-FIQ could be a useful tool to facilitate identification of people in need of dietary counselling and to monitor the effect of counselling in primary health care. PMID:24599042

  18. A Simple Tool for Diet Evaluation in Primary Health Care: Validation of a 16-Item Food Intake Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katri Hemiö

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Our aim was to validate a 16-item food intake questionnaire (16-FIQ and create an easy to use method to estimate patients’ nutrient intake in primary health care. Participants (52 men, 25 women completed a 7-day food record and a 16-FIQ. Food and nutrient intakes were calculated and compared using Spearman correlation. Further, nutrient intakes were compared using kappa-statistics and exact and opposite agreement of intake tertiles. The results indicated that the 16-FIQ reliably categorized individuals according to their nutrient intakes. Methods to estimate nutrient intake based on the answers given in 16-FIQ were created. In linear regression models nutrient intake estimates from the food records were used as the dependent variables and sum variables derived from the 16-FIQ were used as the independent variables. Valid regression models were created for the energy proportion of fat, saturated fat, and sucrose and the amount of fibre (g, vitamin C (mg, iron (mg, and vitamin D (?g intake. The 16-FIQ is a valid method for estimating nutrient intakes in group level. In addition, the 16-FIQ could be a useful tool to facilitate identification of people in need of dietary counselling and to monitor the effect of counselling in primary health care.

  19. Development and Validation of a Questionnaire to Assess Carbohydrate and Insulin-Dosing Knowledge in Youth With Type 1 Diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koontz, Michaela B.; Cuttler, Leona; Palmert, Mark R.; O'Riordan, MaryAnn; Borawski, Elaine A.; McConnell, Judy; Kern, Elizabeth O.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE The American Diabetes Association advocates insulin regimens for youth with type 1 diabetes that involve adjusting insulin dose based on carbohydrate intake and blood glucose level. Implementing these regimens requires knowledge about carbohydrate content of foods and subsequent calculations of insulin dose, skills that may be difficult to gauge in practice. Therefore, we sought to develop and validate a questionnaire, the PedCarbQuiz (PCQ), to assess carbohydrate and insulin-dosing knowledge in youth with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS After development by an expert panel, the PCQ was administered to 75 youth with type 1 diabetes or their parents. Reliability was assessed by Cronbach ? and split-half testing. To assess validity, scores were correlated with A1C, expert assessments, parent educational level, and complexity of insulin regimen. RESULTS PCQ mean score was 87 ± 9.7% (range 42–98%). Cronbach ? was 0.88, and correlation of split halves was 0.59 (P < 0.0001). Higher PCQ scores correlated significantly with lower A1C (r = ?0.29, P = 0.01) and expert assessments (r = 0.56, P < 0.001). Scores were significantly higher in parents with college degrees than in those without (P = 0.01) and in participants with more complex insulin regimens (P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS The PCQ is a novel, easily administered instrument to assess knowledge about carbohydrates and insulin dosing calculations. Initial analyses support the reliability and validity of the PCQ. PMID:20007940

  20. Reliability, construct and criterion-related validity of the Serbian adaptation of the trait emotional intelligence questionnaire (TEIQue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joli?-Marjanovi? Zorana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents evidence on the reliability and validity of the Serbian adaptation of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue, an instrument designed to comprehensively assess emotional intelligence conceived as a constellation of emotionrelated self-perceptions. Study participants were 254 adults, who completed the Serbian TEIQue, NEO-FFI, MSCEIT, EQ-short, and RSPWB. The results indicate that the adapted TEIQue is a psychometrically sound assessment tool: internal consistencies were mostly acceptable at facet, generally good at factor, and excellent at whole-scale level; the fourfactor structure was confirmed by means of CFA; convergent-discriminant validity was established through meaningful associations with related constructs, indicating that trait EI is closely aligned with affect and self-efficacy related constructs from the realm of personality (i.e., E, N, C, and Empathy, but shows only moderate overlap with ability EI; finally, incremental validity was demonstrated in the prediction of psychological wellbeing, over and above the Big Five. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179018

  1. Cross-validation of the reduced form of the Food Craving Questionnaire-Trait using confirmatory factor analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iani, Luca; Barbaranelli, Claudio; Lombardo, Caterina

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The Food Craving Questionnaire-Trait (FCQ-T) is commonly used to assess habitual food cravings among individuals. Previous studies have shown that a brief version of this instrument (FCQ-T-r) has good reliability and validity. This article is the first to use Confirmatory factor analysis to examine the psychometric properties of the FCQ-T-r in a cross-validation study. Method: Habitual food cravings, as well as emotion regulation strategies, affective states, and disordered eating behaviors, were investigated in two independent samples of non-clinical adult volunteers (Sample 1: N = 368; Sample 2: N = 246). Confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to simultaneously test model fit statistics and dimensionality of the instrument. FCQ-T-r reliability was assessed by computing the composite reliability coefficient. Results: Analysis supported the unidimensional structure of the scale and fit indices were acceptable for both samples. The FCQ-T-r showed excellent reliability and moderate to high correlations with negative affect and disordered eating. Conclusion: Our results indicate that the FCQ-T-r scores can be reliably used to assess habitual cravings in an Italian non-clinical sample of adults. The robustness of these results is tested by a cross-validation of the model using two independent samples. Further research is required to expand on these findings, particularly in children and adolescents. PMID:25918510

  2. Validity and reliability of the neuropsychiatric inventory questionnaire version in patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack having cognitive impairment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wong, Adrian; Cheng, Sheung-Tak; Lo, Eugene S K; Kwan, Pauline W L; Law, Lorraine S N; Chan, Anne Y Y; Wong, Lawrence Ka-Sing; Mok, Vincent

    2014-12-01

    This study examined the validity and reliability of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory Questionnaire version (NPI-Q), a proxy-reported format of the interview-based NPI, in assessing neuropsychiatric symptoms in 173 patients with stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) having cognitive impairment. The NPI-Q was validated against the NPI as a gold standard. Informants took approximately 7 minutes to complete the NPI-Q. Bland-Altman analysis revealed a bias of 0.7 points, with 95% limits of agreement between -8.6 and 10.0 between the total symptom scores of the NPI and NPI-Q. The NPI-Q correlated significantly with the NPI in individual and total symptom scores and caregiver distress scores. In predicting presence of symptoms on the NPI, the NPI-Q yielded, on average, sensitivity of 74.1% and specificity of 79.5%. On the NPI-Q, informants tended to overreport symptoms in patients with less severe symptoms but underreport with increasing symptom severity. Internal consistency of the NPI-Q was acceptable (Cronbach's ? = 0.756). One-week test-retest reliability of the NPI-Q was excellent (intraclass correlation coefficient = .990). The NPI-Q is a valid and reliable instrument for screening neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients with stroke and TIA. PMID:24763069

  3. Validade e equivalência da versão em português do Veterans Specific Activity Questionnaire / Validity and equivalence of the Portuguese version of the Veterans Specific Activity Questionnaire / Validez y equivalencia de la versión en portugués del Veterans Specific Activity Questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Geraldo de Albuquerque, Maranhão-Neto; Antonio Carlos Ponce de, Leon; Paulo de Tarso Veras, Farinatti.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: O Veterans Specific Activity Questionnaire (VSAQ) tem sido utilizado para a individualização de testes ergométricos (TE) e para avaliar indiretamente a aptidão cardiorrespiratória (ACR) em estudos epidemiológicos. Apesar disso, ainda não há versão em português validada. OBJETIVO: Verific [...] ar a validade de critério da versão em português do VSAQ e examinar a equivalência de mensuração dessa versão em 95 indivíduos, sendo 8 mulheres (69 ± 7 anos), com indicação para a realização de TE. MÉTODOS: Os indivíduos realizaram teste cardiopulmonar de exercício progressivo máximo em ciclo-ergômetro. A correlação do escore do VSAQ com o MET Máximo Medido e Estimado foi comparada com os resultados de outros estudos. O Nomograma VSAQ foi calculado e seus resultados comparados com os valores reais da ACR por regressão linear. Limites de concordância e as diferenças médias (vieses) foram avaliados segundo a metodologia proposta por Bland e Altman. RESULTADOS: Os escores obtidos através do VSAQ correlacionaram-se de forma significativa com o MET máximo medido (r = 0,64) e estimado (r = 0,67), resultados equivalentes àqueles obtidos com versões originais. O nomograma VSAQ obteve resultados com R múltiplo de 0,78 (para MET medido) e 0,80 (para MET estimado). O nomograma, entretanto, parece subestimar os valores de indivíduos com ACR acima de 6 MET. CONCLUSÃO: A versão do VSAQ confirmou-se válida e equivalente à versão original, especialmente para avaliação de indivíduos cardiopatas e de idade avançada. Abstract in spanish FUNDAMENTO: El Veterans Specific Activity Questionnaire (VSAQ) ha sido utilizado para la individualización de tests ergométricos (TE) y para evaluar indirectamente la aptitud cardiorrespiratoria (ACR) en estudios epidemiológicos. A pesar de eso, aun no hay versión en portugués validada. OBJETIVO: Ve [...] rificar la validez de criterio de la versión en portugués del VSAQ y examinar la equivalencia de medición de esa versión en 95 individuos, siendo 8 mujeres (69 ± 7 años), con indicación para realización de TE. MÉTODOS: Los individuos realizaron test cardiopulmonar de ejercicio progresivo máximo en cicloergómetro. La correlación del escore del VSAQ con el MET máximo medido y estimado fue comparada con los resultados de otros estudios. El nomograma VSAQ fue calculado y sus resultados comparados con los valores reales de la ACR por regresión lineal. Límites de concordancia y las diferencias medias (sesgos) fueron evaluados según la metodología propuesta por Bland y Altman. RESULTADOS: Los escores obtenidos a través del VSAQ se correlacionaron de forma significativa con el MET máximo medido (r = 0,64) y estimado (r = 0,67), resultados equivalentes a aquellos obtenidos con versiones originales. El nomograma VSAQ obtuvo resultados con R múltiplo de 0,78 (para MET medido) y 0,80 (para MET estimado). El nomograma, entre tanto, parece subestimar los valores de individuos con ACR encima de 6 METs. CONCLUSIÓN: La versión del VSAQ se confirmó válida y equivalente a la versión original, especialmente para evaluación de individuos cardíacos y de edad avanzada. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: The Veterans Specific Activity Questionnaire (VSAQ) has been used to individualize exercise testing (ET) and to indirectly assess cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in epidemiological studies. Nevertheless, there is no validated Portuguese version. OBJECTIVE: To verify the criterion-related [...] validity and the measurement equivalence of a Portuguese version of VSAQ in 95 individuals, 8 women (aged 69 ± 7 years) referred to ET. METHODS: The subjects performed a cardiopulmonary test with incremental to maximal exercise on a cycle ergometer. The correlation between VSAQ score and Maximum Measured and Estimated METs was compared to results from other studies. The VSAQ Nomogram was calculated and its results were compared to CRF real values by linear regression. Limits of concordance and mean differences (biases) were assessed accordi

  4. Spiritual needs of patients with chronic pain diseases and cancer - validation of the spiritual needs questionnaire

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    Büssing A

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Purpose For many patients confronted with chronic diseases, spirituality/religiosity is a relevant resource to cope. While most studies on patients' spiritual needs refer to the care of patients at the end of life, our intention was to develop an instrument to measure spiritual, existential and psychosocial need of patients with chronic diseases. Methods In an anonymous cross-sectional survey, we applied the Spiritual Needs Questionnaire (SpNQ version 1.2. to 210 patients (75% women, mean age 54 ± 12 years with chronic pain conditions (67%, cancer (28%, other chronic conditions (5%. Patients were recruited at the Community Hospital Herdecke, the Institute for Complementary Medicine (University of Bern, and at a conference of a cancer support group in Herten. Results Factor analysis of the 19-item instrument (Cronbach's alpha = .93 pointed to 4 factors which explain 67% of variance: Religious Needs, Need for Inner Peace, Existentialistic Needs (Reflection/Meaning, and Actively Giving. Within the main sample of patients with chronic pain and cancer, Needs for Inner Peace had the highest scores, followed by Self competent Attention; Existentialistic Needs had low scores, while the Religious Needs scores indicate no interest. Patients with cancer had significantly higher SpNQ scores than patients with chronic pain conditions. There were just some weak associations between Actively Giving and life satisfaction (r = .17; p = .012, and negatively with the symptom score (r = -.29; p Need for Inner Peace was weakly associated with satisfaction with treatment efficacy (r = .24; p Conclusion The preliminary results indicate that spiritual needs are conceptually different from life satisfaction, and can be interpreted as the patients' longing for spiritual well-being. Methods how health care professionals may meet their patients' spiritual needs remain to be explored.

  5. The "Functional Remission of General Schizophrenia" (FROGS) scale: development and validation of a new questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llorca, Pierre-Michel; Lançon, Christophe; Lancrenon, Sylvie; Bayle, Franck-Jean; Caci, Hervé; Rouillon, Frédéric; Gorwood, Philip

    2009-09-01

    Functional remission is an important treatment goal in schizophrenia, as independent living and reintegration of patients into the community and the workplace is the ultimate goal of any treatment. Nevertheless, assessing functional remission in schizophrenia is problematic, as it is a multifactorial and complex entity reflecting various aspects such as symptoms severity, personal skills and socio-cultural expectancies. The purpose of this study was to create and validate a novel scale for the evaluation of functional remission in schizophrenia. Unlike previous scales, the scale was built on the basis of patients with few schizophrenia symptoms. The "Functional Remission of General Schizophrenia" (FROGS) scale was developed using the expert consensus method following a MEDLINE and standard database search. Out of the 61 initially proposed, 19 items were selected as gathering the core aspects of functional remission in schizophrenia detected in the literature. The FROGS was then evaluated in 432 patients with DSM-IV criteria of schizophrenia, all of them meeting the symptomatic remission criteria of Andreasen et al. [Andreasen, N.C., Carpenter, W.T., Kane, J.M., Lasser, R.A., Marder, S.R., Weinberger, D.R., 2005. Remission in schizophrenia: proposed criteria and rationale for consensus. Am. J. Psychiatry 162 441-449]. Total score was highly reliable. Exploratory factor analysis after oblique rotation revealed that a three-factor solution was the most meaningful. On the basis of item content these three factors were labelled 'Social Functioning,' 'Daily Life' and 'Treatment.' The FROGS total score can be used to measure a general construct for the evaluation of functional remission in schizophrenia.. Further work is required to measure the acceptability, predictive validity, sensitivity to change, and stability of the factor structure of the FROGS. PMID:19464855

  6. Validation of quality of life questionnaire for patients with cancer - Indian scenario

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    Vidhubala E

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Quality of Life (QOL is an important health outcome measure in oncology. Given the underlying pressure of individual geo-political entities, a universal solution may not be applicable and hence there is a need to develop a regional tool and standardize the same to address the linguistic and socio-cultural factors. OBJECTIVE: To standardize a tool to assess the QOL of patients with cancer to suit the Indian scenario. Materials and METHODS: The samples were collected from the Cancer Institute (WIA, Chennai. Samples comprise of 400 patients with all sites and stages of cancer. Period: January 2001 to January 2002. Patients were in the age range of 41-60 years. Thirty-eight items were pooled from existing tools, reviews, and the field trial, by which face and factorial validity were established. Reliability of the tool was also tested. Correlation analysis was done to find out the relation between the domains of QOL. Statistics used: Principal component method with varimax rotation was used. Spearmen product moment correlation and Cronbach alpha coefficient were used for reliability analysis. RESULTS: Ten factors emerged with Eigen values ranging from 8.55 to 1.10 and accounted for 62.6% of variance. The first factor contributed maximally, 22% of variance. The remaining nine factors contributed totally to 40% of the variance on QOL. The ten factors that emerged were psychological well being, self-adequacy, physical well being, confidence in self-ability, external support, pain, mobility, optimism and belief, interpersonal relationship and self-sufficiency and independence. The internal consistency using Cronbach alpha test was 0.90 and split-half reliability was 0.74. CONCLUSION: The tool was found to be highly reliable and valid. It was feasible to administer it at clinical settings.

  7. Estudio de validación de un cuestionario de apego en adolescentes / Validation study of attachment questionnaire in adolescents

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    JAVIER, MORÁN K; FELIPE, LECANNELIER A; JORGE, RODRÍGUEZ T.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Existe escasez de instrumentos especialmente desarrollados para estudiar el apego durante la adolescencia en nuestro país. El objetivo de esta investigación fue adaptar y validar a la población chilena el AAQ (Adolescent Attachment Questionnaire). Pacientes y Método: Estudio de tipo tr [...] ansversal, efectuado en 199 adolescentes de entre 11 y 19 años. El AAAQ como cuestionario de autorreporte consistió en 9 ítems, distribuidos en 3 escalas de forma equitativa: a) disponibilidad; b) cooperación en la relación y c) señales de enojo y angustia. Los ítems se respondieron a través de la escala Lickert. El AAAQ originalmente fue validado en una muestra compuesta por 824 adolescentes, de los cuales 691 correspondía a población no clínica y 133 correspondían a población clínica, demostrando satisfactoria confiabilidad interna. Para la elaboración de la versión en español del cuestionario se utilizó el procedimiento de traducción-retraducción, evaluándose posteriormente la validez semántica, de contenido, de constructo y confiabilidad del mismo. Resultados: Los resultados muestran una adecuada consistencia interna del instrumento con valores de alfa de Cronbach entre 0,52 y 0,74. Además se replica la estructura factorial de la versión en inglés del AAQ. Finalmente, se entregan normas provisorias para la interpretación de los resultados que consideran diferencias de edad para una de las 3 escalas. Conclusiones: se concluye que el instrumento resulta adecuado para su uso, en cuanto es un cuestionario autoaplicado que resulta muy breve y demuestra características psicométricas similares a la versión original en inglés. Abstract in english Introduction: There are not enough specially developed tools to study attachment during adolescence in our country. The objective of this research is to adapt and validate the AAQ (Adolescent Attachment Questionnaire) for the Chilean population. Patients and Method: A cross-sectional study was condu [...] cted in 199 adolescents between 11 and 19 years old. The AAQ is a self-report questionnaire consisting of 9 items, three scales of three statements each: a) Availability scale; b) Goal corrected Partnership scale and c) Angry distress scale. The items were answered with Likert-type responses. The AAAQ was originally validated in a sample of 824 adolescents, 691 of which corresponded to non-clinical population and 133 corresponded to clinical population, demonstrating satisfactory internal reliability. To create the spanish version of the questionnaire, a translation-retranslation procedure was used evaluating semantic, content, construct and reliability validity. Results: The results showed adequate internal consistency of the instrument with Cronbach alpha's values between 0.52 and 0.74. Also, the factorial structure of the AAQ English version was replicated. Finally, temporary rules for the interpretation of results that consider age differences for one of the 3 scales are presented. Conclusions: It is concluded that the instrument is suitable for use because it is a short self-administered questionnaire that shows similar psychometric characteristics to the original English version.

  8. The short international physical activity questionnaire: cross-cultural adaptation, validation and reliability of the Hausa language version in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oyeyemi Adewale L

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Accurate assessment of physical activity is important in determining the risk for chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, cancer and obesity. The absence of culturally relevant measures in indigenous languages could pose challenges to epidemiological studies on physical activity in developing countries. The purpose of this study was to translate and cross-culturally adapt the Short International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ-SF to the Hausa language, and to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Hausa version of IPAQ-SF in Nigeria. Methods The English IPAQ-SF was translated into the Hausa language, synthesized, back translated, and subsequently subjected to expert committee review and pre-testing. The final product (Hausa IPAQ-SF was tested in a cross-sectional study for concurrent (correlation with the English version and construct validity, and test-retest reliability in a sample of 102 apparently healthy adults. Results The Hausa IPAQ-SF has good concurrent validity with Spearman correlation coefficients (? ranging from 0.78 for vigorous activity (Min Week-1 to 0.92 for total physical activity (Metabolic Equivalent of Task [MET]-Min Week-1, but poor construct validity, with cardiorespiratory fitness (? = 0.21, p = 0.01 and body mass index (? = 0.22, p = 0.04 significantly correlated with only moderate activity and sitting time (Min Week-1, respectively. Reliability was good for vigorous (ICC = 0.73, 95% C.I = 0.55-0.84 and total physical activity (ICC = 0.61, 95% C.I = 0.47-0.72, but fair for moderate activity (ICC = 0.33, 95% C.I = 0.12-0.51, and few meaningful differences were found in the gender and socioeconomic status specific analyses. Conclusions The Hausa IPAQ-SF has acceptable concurrent validity and test-retest reliability for vigorous-intensity activity, walking, sitting and total physical activity, but demonstrated only fair construct validity for moderate and sitting activities. The Hausa IPAQ-SF can be used for physical activity measurements in Nigeria, but further construct validity testing with objective measures such as an accelerometer is needed.

  9. Translation, cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Portuguese version of the DYMUS questionnaire for the assessment of dysphagia in multiple sclerosis

    OpenAIRE

    Sales, Déborah S; Alvarenga, Regina MP; Vasconcelos, Claudia CF; Silva, Roberta G; Thuler, Luiz CS

    2013-01-01

    Translation, cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the DYMUS questionnaire for the assessment of dysphagia in multiple sclerosis. The original English version of the DYMUS was translated using the forward-backward technique, cross-culturally adaptated, pilot-tested in 40 patients, and then applied to 100 multiple sclerosis patients to assess the reliability and construct validity. Construct validity was assessed by Mann–Whitney test and Spearman’s correlation coefficient (rs). The i...

  10. Establishing the content validity of the confidence in performing sexual intercourse and difficulty in performing sexual intercourse questionnaires.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, R P; Henne, J; Meldahl, M L; Sontag, A

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this qualitative analysis was to establish the content validity of two new patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures, Confidence in Performing Sexual Intercourse Questionnaire (CPSIQ) and Difficulty in Performing Sexual Intercourse Questionnaire (DPSIQ). Six separate qualitative studies (interviews/focus groups) were conducted from December 2009 to August 2010 by a single moderator and included 227 men with erectile dysfunction (ED; mean age: 54 years, 58% Caucasian). In the first three studies, concepts about ED and its treatment that were important and relevant to men with ED were identified. They included: getting and controlling erection; erection hardness; maintaining erection for desired duration; achieving and controlling ejaculation; satisfying partner; changing sexual positions; and frequency and spontaneity of sexual intercourse. In the subsequent two studies, concepts were confirmed and transformed into CPSIQ and DPSIQ items. The last study entailed a cognitive interview of the CPSIQ and DPSIQ to ensure that respondents' interpretation of the PRO items were consistent with their intended meaning and that both recall periods and response sets were acceptable. After psychometric testing, the CPSIQ and DPSIQ could serve as complementary tools to existing PROs used in ED clinical trials. PMID:23636275

  11. Validação da versão brasileira do questionário de ansiedade cardíaca / Brazilian portuguese validated version of the cardiac anxiety questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Aline, Sardinha; Antonio Egidio, Nardi; Claudio Gil Soares de, Araújo; Maria Cristina, Ferreira; Georg H., Eifert.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTOS: A ansiedade cardíaca (AC) é o medo de sensações cardíacas, caracterizado por sintomas recorrentes de ansiedade em pacientes com ou sem doença cardiovascular. O Questionário de Ansiedade Cardíaca (QAC) é uma ferramenta para avaliar a AC, já adaptado, mas não validado em português. OBJETI [...] VO: Este trabalho apresenta as três fases dos estudos de validação do QAC brasileiro. MÉTODOS: Foram recrutados 98 pacientes com doença arterial coronária, a fim de extrair a estrutura fatorial e avaliar a confiabilidade do QAC (fase 1). O objetivo da fase 2 foi explorar a validade convergente e divergente. Cinquenta e seis pacientes completaram o QAC, juntamente com o Escala de sensações corporais (ESC) e o Versão brasileira do Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN). Para determinar a validade discriminante (fase 3), comparamos os escores do QAC de dois subgrupos formados por pacientes da fase 1 (n = 98), de acordo com os diagnósticos de transtorno do pânico e agorafobia obtidos com o MINI - Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (Mini Entrevista Neuropsiquiátrica Internacional). RESULTADOS: A solução de dois fatores foi a mais interpretável (46,4% da variância). As subescalas foram denominadas de "Medo e Hipervigilância" (n = 9; alfa = 0,88) e "Evitação" (n = 5; alfa = 0,82). Foi encontrada correlação significativa do fator 1 com o escore total do ESC (p Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Cardiac Anxiety (CA) is the fear of cardiac sensations, characterized by recurrent anxiety symptoms, in patients with or without cardiovascular disease. The Cardiac Anxiety Questionnaire (CAQ) is a tool to assess CA, already adapted but not validated to Portuguese. OBJECTIVE: This paper [...] presents the three phases of the validation studies of the Brazilian CAQ. METHODS: To extract the factor structure and assess the reliability of the CAQ (phase 1), 98 patients with coronary artery disease were recruited. The aim of phase 2 was to explore the convergent and divergent validity. Fifty-six patients completed the CAQ, along with the Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ) and the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN). To determine the discriminative validity (phase 3), we compared the CAQ scores of two subgroups formed with patients from phase 1 (n = 98), according to the diagnoses of panic disorder and agoraphobia, obtained with the MINI - Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview. RESULTS: A 2-factor solution was the most interpretable (46.4% of the variance). Subscales were named "Fear and Hypervigilance" (n=9; alpha = 0.88), and "Avoidance", (n = 5; alpha = 0.82). Significant correlation was found between factor 1 and the BSQ total score (p

  12. Reproducibility and validity of a food frequency questionnaire to estimate calcium intake in Puerto Ricans

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Cristina, Palacios; Adelaida, Segarra; María Angélica, Trak; Ixian, Colón.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Reproducibilidad y validez de un cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos para estimar la ingesta de calcio en puertorriqueños. El objetivo del presente estudio fue medir la reproducibilidad y validez de un cuestionario semi-cuantitativo de frecuencia de consumo de alimentos (CFC) corto pa [...] ra estimar la ingesta de calcio en una muestra puertorriqueña de conveniencia. La reproducibilidad fue medida por la diferencia entre la ingesta de calcio del CFC completada dos veces, con un mes de diferencia; la validez fue medida usando un registro dietario de 6 días como referencia, en una muestra de estudiantes, empleados y profesores del Recinto de Ciencias Medicas de la Universidad de Puerto Rico. Para el análisis estadístico, se utilizó la correlación Pearson, la prueba T pareada, los gráficos de Bland-Altman, el análisis de clasificación cruzada, las categoríassustitutas de Willett, y los valores de especificidad, sensibilidad y de predicción. Un total de 93 sujetos fueron incluidos en el estudio (edad promedio 28.8±10.1 años, IMC 25.7±6.1 kg/m2). La ingesta promedio estimada de calcio fue de 846.4±356.9 mg/día en el primer CFC, 801.1±423.7 mg/día en la repetición del CFC y 845.4±377.5 mg/día en el registro de 6 días. No hubo diferencias estadísticas entre los promedios con la prueba T pareada (p>0.05) y se obtuvieron correlaciones significativas entre los promedios (p Abstract in english The objective of the study was to assess the reproducibility and validity of a short semiquantitative calcium specific FFQ in a convenience Puerto Rican sample.Reproducibility was tested by the difference between calcium intakes from the FFQ completed twice, with a one month difference; validity was [...] assessed against 6-day diet records (DR) in a sample of students, employees and faculty of the Medical Sciences Campus of the University of Puerto Rico. The statistical analyses performed were Pearson correlations, paired t-test, Bland-Altman plots, cross-classification analysis, Willett’s surrogate categories, specificity, sensitivity and predictive value. A total of 93 subjects were included in the study (mean age 28.8±10.1 years, BMI 25.7±6.1 kg/m2). Mean estimated calcium intakes were 846.4±356.9 mg/day for the first FFQ, 801.1±423.7 mg/day for the repeated FFQ and 845.4±377.5 mg/day for 6-day DR. No statistical difference was observed between the means by paired t-test (p>0.05), with significant correlations between means (p

  13. [Mobbing, organizational dysfunction and bio-psycho-social effects: an integrated assessment. Preliminary data for the validation of the Questionnaire in the Neapoletan dialect on Distress at Work(Qn-DL)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolfe, Giovanni; Petrella, Claudio; Triassi, Maria; Zontini, Gemma; Uttieri, Simona; Pagliaro, Alessia; Blasi, Francesco; Cappuccio, Antonella; Nolfe, Giuseppe

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to produce preliminary data about the validation of the "Naples-Questionnaire of Distress at Work" (nQ.DW). This inventory is a new assessment tool in order to evaluate the distress perceived in the working environment by means of the differentiation of the conditions linked to the mobbing from which related to organizational disfunction. The nQ-DW also measures the bio-psycho-social global effects of these two phenomena. The questionnaire has been administered to workers suffering of a psychopathological disturbance related to work distress and to a control group matched for the sociodemographic and working variables. The statistical analysis demonstrated a significant validity and reliability. The degree of internal coherence was satisfactory. The ROC curves allow the determination of a threshold value which allows to separate the workers subjected to mobbing and/or organizational stress from control-workers with an optimal reliability degree. The values of the area under the ROC curves show that the inventory has a high discriminating capacity. Future studies, based on a greater sample size, will be oriented to the analysis of the questionnaire by means of multivariate techniques like the factorial analysis. PMID:23914601

  14. Validation of the Short Self-Regulation Questionnaire in a group of Black teachers: The SABPA study

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mariette, Vosloo; Johan, Potgieter; Michael, Temane; Suria, Ellis; Tumi, Khumalo.

    Full Text Available ORIENTATION: Recent literature has emphasised the important role that self-regulation plays in the mental health of individuals. The lack of a validated psychometric instrument to accurately measure self-regulation amongst Black South Africans however limits its potential impact within the challengi [...] ng South African context. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of the Short Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SSRQ) when used in a South African context, specifically focusing on Black South Africans. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: By commenting on the ability of the SSRQ to accurately capture the construct of self-regulation amongst Black educators, the current article serves to address and alleviate the lacunae in our understanding of self-regulation as a potentially protective factor. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: The study was of a quantitative nature, and made use of a cross-sectional design and purposively selected study sample. Participants were urbanised Black teachers (N = 200) who completed the SSRQ and other measures of self-regulation and psychological well-being. MAIN FINDINGS: The reliability of the SSRQ total scale score proved satisfactory. Factor analysis produced five robust sub-constructs that were theoretically interpretable. Significant correlations between the SSRQ and other measures of self-regulation and psychological well-being also indicated good criterion-related validity. PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: The availability of a reliable and valid instrument for the measurement of self-regulation in the South African context will enable both researchers and practitioners to better understand and utilise self-regulation in the enhancement of individual well-being. CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD: The SSRQ's ability to accurately measure self-regulation will contribute to our understanding of its role as preventive strength in the South African context. Refinement of item content will serve to further strengthen the SSRQ's factor structure, and improve its validity for use within the Black South African population.

  15. Psychological capital: Internal and external validity of the Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ-24) on a South African sample

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gina, Görgens-Ekermans; Marthine, Herbert.

    Full Text Available ORIENTATION: Psychological capital (PsyCap) is a relatively novel construct measured with the Psychological Capital Questionnaire 24 (PCQ-24). Only one published South African study on the instrument exists, providing inconsistent psychometric results, when compared with other United States of Ameri [...] ca (USA) and non-USA studies. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to investigate the internal validity (construct and discriminant validity), reliability and external validity (relationship with theoretically relevant variables, namely stress, burnout and work engagement) of the PCQ-24. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: Multiple studies have underscored the value of PsyCap within the workplace. In order to harness the full potential of the construct in the South African environment, sound measurement thereof, evidenced by a psychometrically sound instrument, is needed. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: A cross-sectional survey design was used. The sample consisted of employees at managerial and non-managerial levels, from a medium-sized construction company in the Western Cape, South Africa. In addition to PsyCap, perceived stress, work-related burnout and work engagement were measured. MAIN FINDINGS: The results provided preliminary evidence of construct and discriminant validity, reliability and significant relations with external theoretically relevant variables. PRACTICAL/MANAGERIAL IMPLICATIONS: Researchers may confidently use the PCQ-24 to measure the construct of PsyCap and investigate relations with workplace outcomes in the South African environment, informing human relations practices. CONTRIBUTION/VALUE-ADD: Preliminary evidence of the psychometric properties of the PCQ-24, which measures the construct of PsyCap (consisting of hope, self-efficacy, resilience and optimism) on a South African sample, was provided in this study.

  16. Psychological capital: Internal and external validity of the Psychological Capital Questionnaire (PCQ-24 on a South African sample

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Görgens-Ekermans

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Psychological capital (PsyCap is a relatively novel construct measured with the Psychological Capital Questionnaire 24 (PCQ-24. Only one published South African study on the instrument exists, providing inconsistent psychometric results, when compared with other United States of America (USA and non-USA studies.Research purpose: The objectives of this study were to investigate the internal validity (construct and discriminant validity, reliability and external validity (relationship with theoretically relevant variables, namely stress, burnout and work engagement of the PCQ-24.Motivation for the study: Multiple studies have underscored the value of PsyCap within the workplace. In order to harness the full potential of the construct in the South African environment, sound measurement thereof, evidenced by a psychometrically sound instrument, is needed.Research design, approach and method: A cross-sectional survey design was used. The sample consisted of employees at managerial and non-managerial levels, from a medium-sized construction company in the Western Cape, South Africa. In addition to PsyCap, perceived stress, work-related burnout and work engagement were measured.Main findings: The results provided preliminary evidence of construct and discriminant validity, reliability and significant relations with external theoretically relevant variables.Practical/managerial implications: Researchers may confidently use the PCQ-24 to measure the construct of PsyCap and investigate relations with workplace outcomes in the South African environment, informing human relations practices.Contribution/value-add: Preliminary evidence of the psychometric properties of the PCQ-24, which measures the construct of PsyCap (consisting of hope, self-efficacy, resilience and optimism on a South African sample, was provided in this study.

  17. Reliability and validity of the Danish version of the disabilities of arm, shoulder, and hand questionnaire in patients with fractured wrists

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    SchØnnemann, Jesper O; Larsen, Kristian

    2011-01-01

    The disabilities of arm, shoulder, and hand (DASH) questionnaire is a 30-item region-specific questionnaire that is used to measure the effect of treatment of the upper extremity. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of, and validate, the Danish version of the DASH score in patients with fractured wrists. Sixty patients were studied. We investigated internal consistency and test-retest reliability, convergent validity, content validity and responsiveness. Time to complete questionnaire was 11 minutes and two questionnaires were not usable. The internal consistency was sufficient (Cronbach's alpha 0.96 and intraclass correlation coefficient 0.89). The difference in the mean was 4.6 (CI: 0.48 to 8.72, p = 0.03). Convergent validity at first and last control was high for both pain, 0.46 and 0.40 respectively, and for physical mobility, 0.64 and 0.65 respectively, indicating that results confirmed other similar scores. We conclude that the Danish version of the 30-item DASH questionnaire is valid and practical for patients with fractured wrists.

  18. Applying the theory of planned behaviour to multiple sclerosis patients’ decisions on disease modifying therapy – questionnaire concept and validation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kasper Jürgen

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Patients making important medical decisions need to evaluate complex information in the light of their own beliefs, attitudes and priorities. The process can be considered in terms of the theory of planned behaviour. Decision support technologies aim at helping patients making informed treatment choices. Instruments assessing informed choices need to include risk knowledge, attitude (towards therapy and actual uptake. However, mechanisms by which decision support achieves its goals are poorly understood. Our aim was therefore to develop and validate an instrument modeling the process of multiple sclerosis (MS patients’ decision making about whether to undergo disease modifying (immuno-therapies (DMT. Methods We constructed a 30-item patient administered questionnaire to access the elaboration of decisions about DMT in MS according to the theory of planned behaviour. MS-patients’ belief composites regarding immunotherapy were classified according to the domains “attitude”, “subjective social norm” and “control beliefs” and within each domain to either “expectations” or “values” yielding 6 sub-domains. A randomized controlled trial (n?=?192 evaluating an evidence based educational intervention tested the instrument’s predictive power regarding intention to use immunotherapy and its sensitivity to the intervention. Results The psychometric properties of the questionnaire were satisfactory (mean item difficulty 62, mean SD 0.9, range 0–3. Responses explain up to 68% of the variability in the intention to use DMT was explained by up to 68% in the total sample. Four weeks after an educational intervention, predictive power was higher in the intervention (IG compared to the control group (CG (intention estimate: CG 56% / IG 69%, p?=?.179; three domains CG 56% / IG 74%, p?=?.047; six sub-domains CG 64% / IG 78%, p?=?.073. The IG held more critical beliefs towards immunotherapy (p?=?.002 and were less willing to comply with social norm (p?=?.012. Conclusions The questionnaire seems to provide a valid way of explaining patients’ inherent decision processes and to be sensitive towards varying levels of elaboration. Similar tools based on the theory of planned behaviour could be applied to other decision making scenarios.

  19. Reliability and validity of a brief questionnaire to assess calcium intake in female collegiate athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Kenneth D; Hunt, Kami Mays; Berg, Melanie Burstyne; Slawson, Deborah A; Vukadinovich, Christopher M; McClanahan, Barbara S; Clemens, Linda H

    2004-04-01

    Calcium intake often is inadequate in female collegiate athletes, increasing the risk for training injuries and future osteoporosis. Thus, a brief and accurate assessment tool to quickly measure calcium intake in athletes is needed. We evaluated the reliability and validity, compared to 6 days of diet records (DRs), of the Rapid Assessment Method (RAM), a self-administered calcium checklist. Seventy-six female collegiate athletes (mean age = 18.8 yrs, range= 17- 21; 97 % Caucasian) were recruited from basketball, cross-country, field hockey, soccer, and volleyball teams. Athletes completed a RAM at the start of the training season to assess calcium intake during the past week. Two weeks later, a second RAM was completed to assess reliability, and athletes began 6 days of diet records (DRs) collection. At completion of DRs, athletes completed a final RAM, corresponding to the same time period as DRs, to assess agreement between the 2 instruments. The RAM demonstrated adequate test-retest reliability over 2 weeks (n= 56; Intraclass correlation [ICC] = 0.54, p RAM (823 +/- 387 mg/d) and DRs (822 +/- 330 mg/d; p = 0.988). Adequacy of calcium intake from both DRs and the RAM was classified as "inadequate" ( or = 1000 mg/d). Agreement between the RAM and DRs for adequacy classification was fair (ICC= 0.30, p = 0.042), with the RAM identifying 84% of athletes judged to have inadequate calcium intake based on DRs. The RAM briefly and accurately estimates calcium intake in female collegiate athletes compared to DRs. PMID:15118194

  20. Internal validity, dimensionality and performance of the Body Shape Questionnaire in a group of Brazilian college students / Validade interna, dimensionalidade e desempenho da escala Body Shape Questionnaire em uma população de estudantes universitários brasileiros

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Monica, Di Pietro; Dartiu Xavier da, Silveira.

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Adaptar a escala Body Shape Questionnaire para uso no Brasil; estudar a validade interna e a dimensionalidade da escala quando usada em uma população não clínica brasileira. MÉTODO: Um estudo de corte transversal foi realizado envolvendo uma população selecionada por conveniência de 164 es [...] tudantes dos três primeiros anos do curso de Medicina da Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Foram usados a versão de 34 itens do Body Shape Questionnaire e um questionário adicional para informação demográfica e antropométrica. RESULTADOS: A consistência interna do Body Shape Questionnaire, medida através do alfa de Cronbach, foi de 0,97, o que indica que as questões da escala convergem para um mesmo construto. A análise fatorial da escala resultou em uma solução de quatro dimensões que responde por 66,4% da variabilidade total dos dados. Em relação aos escores Body Shape Questionnaire, sua média foi de 58,7 ± 25,1 para os homens e 89,7 ± 31,3 para as mulheres. DISCUSSÃO: Encontramos uma diferença estatisticamente significante entre os gêneros na média dos escores do Body Shape Questionnaire. As alterações de imagem corporal, medidas pelo Body Shape Questionnaire, mostram uma grande insatisfação com a aparência em mulheres quando comparadas aos homens. A versão adaptada da escala parece manter as características da escala original. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To adapt the Body Shape Questionnaire for use in the Brazilian population; to study the internal validity and the dimensionality of the scale when used in a non- clinical Brazilian population. METHOD: A cross- sectional study was accomplished comprising 164 students in the first 3 years o [...] f the School of Medicine conveniently selected at the Universidade Federal de São Paulo. The 34- item Body Shape Questionnaire version and a questionnaire to assess demographic and anthropometric information were used. RESULTS: The internal consistency of the Body Shape Questionnaire measured by Cronbach's alpha was 0.97, indicating that the questions of the scale converge to the same construct. The factor analysis of the scale resulted in a four- dimension solution accounting for 66.4% of the total data variability. Regarding the final score of Body Shape Questionnaire, the mean score was 58.7 ± 25.1 for men and 89.7 ± 31.3 for women. DISCUSSION: We found statistically significant gender differences in the means of the Body Shape Questionnaire scores. Women showed higher dissatisfaction than did men as to their appearance as measured by the Body Shape Questionnaire. The adapted version of the scale seems to maintain the characteristics of the original scale.

  1. Validez del cuestionario cardiovascular MONICA comparado con la historia clínica Validity of the MONICA cardiovascular questionnaire compared with clinical records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José M. Baena-Díez

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Estudiar la validez del cuestionario cardiovascular Multinational Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease (MONICA comparado con la historia clínica. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, prospectivo, multicéntrico, realizado en 3.329 personas >50 años de edad (estudio ARTPER [arteriografía periférica]. La muestra se seleccionó por muestreo aleatorio simple en 32 centros de salud de atención primaria. Los diagnósticos considerados fueron: infarto agudo de miocardio, ángor, enfermedad vascular cerebral, hipertensión arterial, diabetes mellitus e hipercolesterolemia. Se estudió además el tratamiento con antihipertensivos, hipolipemiantes o insulina, hipoglucemiantes y antiagregantes o anticoagulantes. La validez entre cuestionario y registro en la historia clínica se estudió con la sensibilidad, la especificidad, los valores predictivos y el índice kappa. Resultados: La edad media fue de 65 años (desviación estándar: 8,9, y el 54,8% eran mujeres. La sensibilidad del cuestionario fue >90% en todas las variables, excepto en el ángor (89,9% y la enfermedad vascular cerebral (86,5%. La especificidad también fue >90%, excepto en el ángor (88,3% y la hipercolesterolemia (77,5%. El valor predictivo positivo fue >90% en todos los tratamientos farmacológicos; >80% en el ángor, el infarto agudo de miocardio y la hipertensión arterial; 79,4% en la enfermedad vascular cerebral; 79,1% en la hipercolesterolemia, y 73,4% en la diabetes mellitus. Los valores predictivos negativos fueron >90% en todos los casos. Los índices kappa fueron >0,80 en todas las variables, excepto en la hipercolesterolemia (0,69 y la diabetes mellitus (0,79. Conclusiones: El cuestionario cardiovascular MONICA es un método válido para encuestar a las personas >50 años sobre sus enfermedades, factores de riesgo y tratamientos cardiovasculares.Objective: To assess the validity of the questionnaire Multinational Monitoring of Trends and Determinants in Cardiovascular Disease (MONICA compared with clinical records. Methods: A descriptive, prospective, multicenter study was performed within the framework of the Peripheral Arterial Disease Study (PERART in 3,329 persons aged >50 years old. The sample was selected by simple random sampling in 32 primary health care centers. The diagnoses included were acute myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, cerebrovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolemia. Treatment variables were also considered (antihypertensive, lipid-lowering and hypoglycemic agents or insulin, as well as antiplatelet or anticoagulant agents. The sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and kappa index were computed to test the validity of the MONICA questionnaire. Results: The mean age was 65 years (SD 8.9 and 54.8% were women. The sensitivity of the questionnaire was >90% for all the variables apart from angina pectoris (89.9% and cerebrovascular disease (86.5%. Specificity was also >90%, except for angina pectoris (88.3% and hypercholesterolemia (77.5%. The positive predictive value was >90% for all the treatments; >80% for angina pectoris, acute myocardial infarction and hypertension; 79.4% for cerebrovascular disease; 79.1% for hypercholesterolemia and 73.4% for diabetes mellitus. The negative predictive value was >90% for all the variables. The kappa indexes were >0.80 for all the variables apart from hypercholesterolemia (0.69 and diabetes mellitus (0.79. Conclusions: The MONICA cardiovascular questionnaire is valid in the assessment of cardiovascular disease, risk factors and treatments in patients aged >50 years old.

  2. Fruit and Vegetable Intake Assessed by Food Frequency Questionnaire and Plasma Carotenoids: A Validation Study in Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burrows, Tracy L.; Hutchesson, Melinda J.; Rollo, Megan E.; Boggess, May M.; Guest, Maya; Collins, Clare E.

    2015-01-01

    Dietary validation studies of self-reported fruit and vegetable intake should ideally include measurement of plasma biomarkers of intake. The aim was to conduct a validation study of self-reported fruit and vegetable intakes in adults, using the Australian Eating Survey (AES) food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), against a range of plasma carotenoids. Dietary intakes were assessed using the semi-quantitative 120 item AES FFQ. Fasting plasma carotenoids (?- and ?-carotene, lutein/zeaxanthin, lycopene and cryptoxanthin) were assessed using high performance liquid chromatography in a sample of 38 adult volunteers (66% female). Significant positive correlations were found between FFQ and plasma carotenoids for ?-carotene, ?-carotene and lutein/zeaxanthin (52%, 47%, 26%, p < 0.001, 0.003, 0.041; respectively) and relationships between plasma carotenoids (except lycopene) and weight status metrics (BMI, waist circumference, fat mass) were negative and highly significant. The results of the current study demonstrate that carotenoid intakes as assessed by the AES FFQ are significantly related to plasma concentrations of ?-carotene, ?-carotene and lutein/zeaxanthin, the carotenoids commonly found in fruit and vegetables. Lower levels of all plasma carotenoids, except lycopene, were found in individuals with higher BMI. We conclude that the AES can be used to measure fruit and vegetable intakes with confidence. PMID:25954899

  3. Compensating for Memory Losses throughout aging: Validation and Normalization of the Memory Compensation Questionnaire for Non-Clinical French Populations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Sophie; Mazzocco, Clémence; Maury, Pascale; Grosselin, Anne; Van der Elst, Wim; Dixon, Roger A.; Stephan, Yannick; Brouillet, Denis

    2015-01-01

    The MCQ is a seven-factor scale that measures individual differences in the tendency to select particular strategies and to overcome perceived or real memory losses. Our aim was to establish a French version of the MCQ and to evaluate its psychometric properties in a lifespan perspective. We first tested the underlying factor structure of the MCQ in a large sample of 749 adults from aged from 18 to 92 years. Results showed that the factor structure of the French version corresponded well with the one obtained in English-, Dutch- and Spanish-speaking samples, supporting the cross-national robustness of the MCQ. We confirmed a seven-factor order model that supports the construct validity of the questionnaire. The reliabilities of the scales were good (? > .70) to acceptable (? = .66 and .62). Criterion validity was verified by means of significant correlations between health composites and MCQ subscales. Gender and Age affected most of the MCQ subscales but not the level of education. The MCQ revealed to be a heuristic tool for assessing daily compensatory behaviors that are developed in order to achieve successful aging. Thus, regression-based normative data and a user-friendly computer program were provided to facilitate scoring and norming by clinicians and researchers dealing with aging. PMID:25459917

  4. Composite Scale of Morningness: psychometric properties, validity with Munich ChronoType Questionnaire and age/sex differences in Poland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jankowski, K S

    2015-01-01

    The present study aimed at testing psychometric properties of the Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM) and validating it with mid sleep on free days (MSF) derived from the Munich ChronoType Questionnaire (MCTQ) in Poland, along with analyzing age and sex differences in the CSM and MSF. A sample of 952 Polish residents (62.6% females) aged between 13 and 46 was tested. Additionally, a sample of 33 university students were given MCTQ and filled in a sleep diary for 8 days. MSF derived from MCTQ was related to the one from sleep diary (r=.44). The study revealed good reliability of the CSM (?=.84) and its validity: greater morningness preference was associated with earlier MSF from MCTQ (r=-.52). CSM scores were distributed over its full range, with a mean of 34, and did not differ between sexes, although females were earlier than males by 23minutes in MSF. Regarding age, eveningness estimated with both CSM and MSF was greatest in subjects aged 16-18years, and a shift toward eveningness during puberty and a shift back toward morningness in older age was observed. The Polish version of the CSM consisted of two components of morningness. Cutoff scores were: for evening types (lower 10%) 24 or less, for morning types (upper 10%) 43 or more. The Polish CSM presents good psychometric properties, which are similar to those reported in other language versions, and also presents sex/age patterns similar to those found previously. PMID:24630377

  5. Validity evidence based on internal structure of scores on the Spanish version of the Self-Description Questionnaire-II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingles, Cándido J; Torregrosa, María S; Hidalgo, María D; Nuñez, Jose C; Castejón, Juan L; García-Fernández, Jose M; Valles, Antonio

    2012-03-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the reliability and validity evidence of scores on the Spanish version of Self-Description Questionnaire II (SDQ-II). The instrument was administered in a sample of 2022 Spanish students (51.1% boys) from grades 7 to 10. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to examine validity evidence based on internal structure drawn from the scores on the SDQ-II. CFA replicated the correlated II first-order factor structure. Furthermore, hierarchical confirmatory factor analysis (HCFA) was used to examine the hierarchical ordering of self-concept, as measured by scores on the Spanish version of the SDQ-II. Although a series of HCFA models were tested to assess academic and non-academic components organization, support for those hierarchical models was weaker than for the correlated 11 first-order factor structure. Results also indicated that scores on the Spanish version of the SDQ-II had internal consistency and test-retest reliability estimates within an acceptable range. PMID:22379728

  6. The Chronic Sleep Reduction Questionnaire (CSRQ): a cross-cultural comparison and validation in Dutch and Australian adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dewald, Julia F; Short, Michelle A; Gradisar, Michael; Oort, Frans J; Meijer, Anne Marie

    2012-10-01

    Although adolescents often experience insufficient and/or poor sleep, sleep variables such as total sleep time do not account for individuals' sleep need and sleep debt and may therefore be an inadequate representation of adolescents' sleep problems and its daytime consequences. This problem can be overcome by using the Chronic Sleep Reduction Questionnaire (CSRQ), an assessment tool that measures symptoms of chronic sleep reduction and therefore accounting for sleep need and sleep debt. The present study aims at developing an English version of the CSRQ and assesses the reliability and validity of the Dutch and the English CSRQ version. The CSRQ was administered in large Dutch (n = 166, age = 15.2 ± 0.57 years, 28% male) and Australian (n = 236, age = 15.5 ± 0.99 years, 65% males) samples. Subjective sleep variables were measured with surveys and sleep diaries of five school nights. Additionally, sleep of the same five nights was monitored with actigraphy. Both CSRQ versions showed good psychometric properties concerning their reliability (Dutch: ? = 0.85; English: ? = 0.87) and validity as the same overall structure of the two CSRQ versions and significant correlations with subjective and objective sleep variables were found. School grades were related to chronic sleep reduction, whereas the relationship between grades and other sleep variables was weak or absent. These results highlight the idea that chronic sleep reduction may be a better indicator of adolescents' insufficient and/or poor sleep than other sleep variables such as total sleep time. PMID:22329363

  7. Development and validation of the 48-item Symptom Questionnaire (SQ-48) in patients with depressive, anxiety and somatoform disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlier, Ingrid; Schulte-Van Maaren, Yvonne; Wardenaar, Klaas; Giltay, Erik; Van Noorden, Martijn; Vergeer, Peter; Zitman, Frans

    2012-12-30

    Self-report measures of psychological distress or psychopathology are widely used and can be easily implemented as psychiatric screening tools. Positive psychological constructs such as vitality/optimism and work functioning have scarcely been incorporated. We aimed to develop and validate a psychological distress instrument, including measures of vitality and work functioning. A patient sample with suspected depressive, anxiety, and somatoform disorders (N=242) and a reference sample of the general population (N=516) filled in the 48-item Symptom Questionnaire (SQ-48) plus a battery of observer-rated and self-report scales (MINI Plus, MADR, BAS, INH, BSI), using a web-based ROM programme. The resulting SQ-48 is multidimensional and includes the following nine subscales: Depression (MOOD, six items), Anxiety (ANXI, six items), Somatization (SOMA, seven items), Agoraphobia (AGOR, four items), Aggression (AGGR, four items), Cognitive problems (COGN, five items), Social Phobia (SOPH, five items), Work functioning (WORK, five items), and Vitality (VITA, six items). The results showed good internal consistency as well as good convergent and divergent validity. The SQ-48 is meant to be available in the public domain for Routine Outcome Monitoring (ROM) and can be used as a screening/ monitoring tool in clinical settings (psychiatric and non-psychiatric), as a benchmark tool, or for research purposes. PMID:22884307

  8. Validation of the Spanish, Portuguese and French Versions of the Lupus Damage Index Questionnaire: Data from North and South America, Spain and Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Pons-Estel, Bernardo A.; Sánchez-Guerrero, Jorge; Romero-Díaz, Juanita; Iglesias-Gamarra, Antonio; Bonfa, Eloisa; Eduardo F. Borba; Shinjo, Samuel K.; Bernatsky, Sasha; Clarke, Ann; García, Mercedes A.; Marcos, Juan Carlos; Duarte, Angela; Berbotto, Guillermo A.; Scherbarth, Hugo; Marques, Claudia D.

    2009-01-01

    We have previously developed and validated a self-administered questionnaire, modeled after the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics Damage Index (SDI), the Lupus Damage Index Questionnaire (LDIQ), which may allow the ascertainment of this construct in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients followed in the community and thus expand observations made about damage. We have now translated, back-translated and adapted the LDIQ to Spanish, Portuguese and French and applied it to...

  9. Eating behaviour patterns in Chinese children aged 12-18 months and association with relative weight - factorial validation of the Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Cao Ying-Ting; Svensson Viktoria; Marcus Claude; Zhang Jing; Zhang Jian-Duan; Sobko Tanja

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Eating behaviours have been suggested relating to obesity development. The Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) is a parent-report measure constructed to assess multiple dimensions of eating behavior for children. This study aimed to test the validity of the Chinese version of Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire (CEBQ) in Chinese children aged 12-18 months. We examined factor structure and the reliability of the Chinese version of the CEBQ, the associatio...

  10. Making sense of ambiguity: evaluation in internal reliability and face validity of the SF 36 questionnaire in women presenting with menorrhagia.

    OpenAIRE

    Jenkinson, C.; Peto, V.; Coulter, A.

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To determine the face validity and internal reliability of the short form 36 (SF 36) health survey questionnaire in women presenting with menorrhagia. DESIGN--Postal survey of women recruited by their general practitioners followed by interviews of a selected subsample. PATIENTS--348 women who had consulted their general practitioner with excessive menstrual bleeding and completed questionnaires after treatment. 49 women selected from this group were interviewed in depth about thei...

  11. The Design and Validation of a Parent-Report Questionnaire for Assessing the Characteristics and Quality of Early Intervention Over Time

    OpenAIRE

    Young, Alys; Gascon-ramos, Maria; Campbell, Malcolm; Bamford, John

    2009-01-01

    This article concerns a parent-report repeat questionnaire to evaluate the quality of multiprofessional early intervention following early identification of deafness. It discusses the rationale for the design of the instrument, its theoretical underpinnings, its psychometric properties, and its usability. Results for the validity and reliability of the instrument are based on completion by 82 parents. The questionnaire is divided into four sections. “The description of the structure of prof...

  12. Examining the validity of the Homework Performance Questionnaire: Multi-informant assessment in elementary and middle school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Power, Thomas J; Watkins, Marley W; Mautone, Jennifer A; Walcott, Christy M; Coutts, Michael J; Sheridan, Susan M

    2015-06-01

    Methods for measuring homework performance have been limited primarily to parent reports of homework deficits. The Homework Performance Questionnaire (HPQ) was developed to assess the homework functioning of students in Grades 1 to 8 from the perspective of both teachers and parents. The purpose of this study was to examine the factorial validity of teacher and parent versions of this scale, and to evaluate gender and grade-level differences in factor scores. The HPQ was administered in 4 states from varying regions of the United States. The validation sample consisted of students (n = 511) for whom both parent and teacher ratings were obtained (52% female, mean of 9.5 years of age, 79% non-Hispanic, and 78% White). The cross-validation sample included 1,450 parent ratings and 166 teacher ratings with similar demographic characteristics. The results of confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated that the best-fitting model for teachers was a bifactor solution including a general factor and 2 orthogonal factors, referring to student self-regulation and competence. The best-fitting model for parents was also a bifactor solution, including a general factor and 3 orthogonal factors, referring to student self-regulation, student competence, and teacher support of homework. Gender differences were identified for the general and self-regulation factors of both versions. Overall, the findings provide strong support for the HPQ as a multi-informant, multidimensional measure of homework performance that has utility for the assessment of elementary and middle school students. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:25133461

  13. Validação do Questionário de Perfis de Valores (QPV no Brasil Validity of the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvaro Tamayo

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta pesquisa foi validar para o Brasil o Questionário de Perfis de Valores (QPV, desenvolvido por Schwartz. Para a tradução do questionário, utilizou-se a estratégia de tradução-retradução. O QPV foi aplicado a uma amostra de 614 estudantes do Ensino Fundamental, Médio e Superior. Os dados foram analisados por meio da técnica de escalonamento multidimensional em uma estrutura bidimensional. A configuração espacial obtida oferece indicações positivas de validade de construto do instrumento. As regiões encontradas foram: Conformidade, Tradição, Segurança, Estimulação, Universalismo/Benevolência, Poder/Realização e Autodeterminação/Hedonismo. As três últimas regiões ficaram compostas por tipos motivacionais adjacentes. A convergência de resultados descritivos e comparativos com achados de pesquisas internacionais constitui também um conjunto de elementos importantes de que o instrumento mede o que pretende medir.The objective of this research was to validate to Brazil the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ developed by Schwartz. The PVQ was translated into Portuguese using the back-translation procedure and was applied to a sample of 614 students from primary, high and college education. The data were analyzed by means of the multidimensional scaling technique using a bi-dimensional structure. The spatial configuration obtained offers a positive indication for the construct validity of the instrument. The regions found were: Conformity, Tradition, Security, Stimulation, Universality/Benevolence, Power/Achievement and Self-Determination/Hedonism. The last three regions were composed of adjacent motivational types. Descriptive and comparative results converging with international findings also constitute a set of important elements that supports the validity of the instrument.

  14. Validação do Questionário de Perfis de Valores (QPV) no Brasil / Validity of the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ) in Brazil

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alvaro, Tamayo; Juliana Barreiros, Porto.

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo desta pesquisa foi validar para o Brasil o Questionário de Perfis de Valores (QPV), desenvolvido por Schwartz. Para a tradução do questionário, utilizou-se a estratégia de tradução-retradução. O QPV foi aplicado a uma amostra de 614 estudantes do Ensino Fundamental, Médio e Superior. Os d [...] ados foram analisados por meio da técnica de escalonamento multidimensional em uma estrutura bidimensional. A configuração espacial obtida oferece indicações positivas de validade de construto do instrumento. As regiões encontradas foram: Conformidade, Tradição, Segurança, Estimulação, Universalismo/Benevolência, Poder/Realização e Autodeterminação/Hedonismo. As três últimas regiões ficaram compostas por tipos motivacionais adjacentes. A convergência de resultados descritivos e comparativos com achados de pesquisas internacionais constitui também um conjunto de elementos importantes de que o instrumento mede o que pretende medir. Abstract in english The objective of this research was to validate to Brazil the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ) developed by Schwartz. The PVQ was translated into Portuguese using the back-translation procedure and was applied to a sample of 614 students from primary, high and college education. The data were anal [...] yzed by means of the multidimensional scaling technique using a bi-dimensional structure. The spatial configuration obtained offers a positive indication for the construct validity of the instrument. The regions found were: Conformity, Tradition, Security, Stimulation, Universality/Benevolence, Power/Achievement and Self-Determination/Hedonism. The last three regions were composed of adjacent motivational types. Descriptive and comparative results converging with international findings also constitute a set of important elements that supports the validity of the instrument.

  15. Translation and validation of Portuguese of a questionnaire for evaluation of psychosomatic symptoms in adults with atopic dermatitis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Manuela, Boleira; Omar, Lupi; Gisele Vianna, Pires; Gabriela, Dias; Amanda Jaccobson, Seba; Daniel Boleira Sieiro, Guimarães.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: atopic dermatitis is directly related to psychological stress, reduced quality of life and psychosomatic symptoms. The Psychosomatic Scale for Atopic Dermatitis is the only questionnaire developed specifically for assessment of psychosomatization in atopic dermatitis. OBJECTIVES: t [...] he objective of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate a Brazilian-Portuguese version of the Psychosomatic Scale for Atopic Dermatitis. METHODS: adaptation consisted of independent translation and backtranslation by three bilingual translators, followed by a pre-test. The Psychosomatic Scale for Atopic Dermatitis and the Dermatology Life Quality Index were self-administered to 47 patients with atopic dermatitis. Disease severity was evaluated using the Eczema Area and Severity Index. Factor analysis was used to identify the dimensions of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Psychosomatic Scale for Atopic Dermatitis. Internal consistency and convergence validity were also analyzed. Reproducibility was assessed using the Kappa coefficient. RESULTS: factor analysis revealed a two-dimensional structure: stress/laziness/insecurity (I) and maladjustment/social relationships (II), explaining 54.4% of total variance. All dimensions revealed excellent internal consistency. External construct validity was confirmed by positive correlations between the Psychosomatic Scale for Atopic Dermatitis and the Dermatology Life Quality Index. Test-retest reliability was excellent, with k>0.7 for all questions. CONCLUSIONS: the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Psychosomatic Scale for Atopic Dermatitis demonstrated acceptable psychometric properties and can be used for the evaluation of psychosomatic symptoms in patients with atopic dermatitis and as a tool in clinical and epidemiological research.

  16. Criterion validity of the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire and one- and two-item depression screens in young adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McCauley Elizabeth

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The use of short screening questionnaires may be a promising option for identifying children at risk for depression in a community setting. The objective of this study was to assess the validity of the Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ and one- and two-item screening instruments for depressive disorders in a school-based sample of young adolescents. Methods Participants were 521 sixth-grade students attending public middle schools. Child and parent versions of the SMFQ were administered to evaluate the child's depressive symptoms. The presence of any depressive disorder during the previous month was assessed using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC as the criterion standard. First, we assessed the diagnostic accuracy of child, parent, and combined scores of the full 13-item SMFQ by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC, sensitivity and specificity. The same approach was then used to evaluate the accuracy of a two-item scale consisting of only depressed mood and anhedonia items, and a single depressed mood item. Results The combined child + parent SMFQ score showed the highest accuracy (AUC = 0.86. Diagnostic accuracy was lower for child (AUC = 0.73 and parent (AUC = 0.74 SMFQ versions. Corresponding versions of one- and two-item screens had lower AUC estimates, but the combined versions of the brief screens each still showed moderate accuracy. Furthermore, child and combined versions of the two-item screen demonstrated higher sensitivity (although lower specificity than either the one-item screen or the full SMFQ. Conclusions Under conditions where parents accompany children to screening settings (e.g. primary care, use of a child + parent version of the SMFQ is recommended. However, when parents are not available, and the cost of a false positive result is minimal, then a one- or two-item screen may be useful for initial identification of at-risk youth.

  17. Validation of the MEDFICTS dietary questionnaire: A clinical tool to assess adherence to American Heart Association dietary fat intake guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bindeman Jody

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dietary assessment tools are often too long, difficult to quantify, expensive to process, and largely used for research purposes. A rapid and accurate assessment of dietary fat intake is critically important in clinical decision-making regarding dietary advice for coronary risk reduction. We assessed the validity of the MEDFICTS (MF questionnaire, a brief instrument developed to assess fat intake according to the American Heart Association (AHA dietary "steps". Methods We surveyed 164 active-duty US Army personnel without known coronary artery disease at their intake interview for a primary prevention cardiac intervention trial using the Block food frequency (FFQ and MF questionnaires. Both surveys were completed on the same intake visit and independently scored. Correlations between each tools' assessment of fat intake, the agreement in AHA step categorization of dietary quality with each tool, and the test characteristics of the MF using the FFQ as the gold standard were assessed. Results Subjects consumed a mean of 36.0 ± 13.0% of their total calories as fat, which included saturated fat consumption of 13.0 ± 0.4%. The majority of subjects (125/164; 76.2% had a high fat (worse than AHA Step 1 diet. There were significant correlations between the MF and the FFQ for the intake of total fat (r = 0.52, P 70 [high fat diet] was negligible (kappa statistic = 0.036. The MF was accurate at the extremes of fat intake, but could not reliably identify the 3 AHA dietary classifications. Alternative MF cutpoints of 50 (high fat diet were highly sensitive (96%, but had low specificity (46% for a high fat diet. ROC curve analysis identified that a MF score cutoff of 38 provided optimal sensitivity 75% and specificity 72%, and had modest agreement (kappa = 0.39, P Conclusions The MEDFICTS questionnaire is most suitable as a tool to identify high fat diets, rather than discriminate AHA Step 1 and Step 2 diets. Currently recommended MEDFICTS cutpoints are too high, leading to overestimation of dietary quality. A cutpoint of 38 appears to be providing optimal identification of patients who do not meet AHA dietary guidelines for fat intake.

  18. [Alteration in quality of life in anorexia nervosa and improvement under treatment: validation of a new questionnaire, the QUAVIAM].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigaud, D; Brindisi, M-C; Pennacchio, H; Brémont, M; Huet, J-M

    2014-02-01

    Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a chronic and often severe eating disorder, which could have a serious impact on various life domains. AN may lead to physical, mental, behavioural and socioprofessional impairment. Thus, one could expect a poor quality of life (QoL) in AN patients. QoL is certainly a key factor to provide quantitative measurement of treatment efficacy that will facilitate clinical decision-making and treatment planning. Despite that QoL was rarely prospectively analyzed in AN patients, one could conclude that AN patients showed reduced QoL, as compared to normal controls and other psychiatric-disordered patients. It seems that mental health components of QoL are more impaired than the physical ones in AN patients, who showed a modest impact in the physical domain. Thus, our aim was to analyse the QoL using a new, French, questionnaire, the QUAVIAM (qualité de vie dans l'anorexie mentale). After a bibliography research (including EDE, EDI, SF-36, QOL.ED), the choice of 12 themes, regrouped in six scores, was made by three eating disorder specialists and two recovered patients. For each score, 10 to 15 questions were written by the experts, and then corrections and validation were made by the five experts and 21 patients. After this, we prospectively determined the reproducibility (3 days interval), the specificity, and the sensitivity for short-term change in patients exhibiting an "active" AN (n=54, mean age: 31 ± 9 yrs, mean BMI: 14.1 ± 2.8 kg/m(2), AN duration: 2.6 ± 1.9 yrs), and again after cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). We also analyzed the QUAVIAM score and subscores in 48 recovering patients and in 56 subjects without eating disorder. The QUAVIAM final version (61 questions) was collected in 76 patients and the 56 healthy controls matched for sex and age. Its reproducibility was 91% (intra-questionnaire) and 94% (inter-questionnaire), its specificity 98% (versus controls; Ppsychological, the hedonic, the socioprofessional, the affective and the TCA-related ones (P<0.001 for each comparison). The QUAVIAM global score and its subscores were significantly improved (decreased) by the 3-month CBT: 385 ± 25 before and 189 ± 30 after CBT (P<0.0001). The changes were observed for all the subscales (P<0.0001). The somatic subscore did not decrease less than the other subscores. Thus, the present study permits proposing the QUAVIAM for analysis of physical, mental, behavioural and socioprofessional impairment or improvements in AN patients. PMID:23746809

  19. Screening for domestic violence in Jordan: validation of an Arabic version of a domestic violence against women questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda G Haddad

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Linda G Haddad1, Ali Shotar2, Janet B Younger1, Sukaina Alzyoud3, Claudia M Bouhaidar11Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing, Richmond, VA, USA; 2Forensic and Legal Medicine Department, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan; 3Hashemite University School of Nursing, Zarqua, JordanObjectives: Abuse against women causes a great deal of suffering for the victims and is a major public health problem. Measuring lifetime abuse is a complicated task; the various methods that are used to measure abuse can cause wide variations in the reported occurrences of abuse. Furthermore, the estimated prevalence of abuse also depends on how abuse is culturally defined. Researchers currently lack a validated Arabic language instrument that is also culturally tailored to Arab and Middle Eastern populations. Therefore, it is important to develop and evaluate psychometric properties of an Arabic language version of the newly developed NorVold Domestic Abuse Questionnaire (NORAQ.Design and methods: The five core elements of the NORAQ (emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, current suffering of the abuse, and communication of the history of abuse to the general practitioner were translated into Arabic, translated back into English, and pilot tested to ensure cultural sensitivity and appropriateness for adult women in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Participants were recruited from the Jordanian Ministry of Health-Maternal and Child Health Care Centers in two large cities in Jordan.Results: A self administered NORAQ was completed by 175 women who had attended the centers. The order of factors was almost identical to the original English and Swedish languages questionnaire constructs. The forced 3-factor solution explained 64.25% of the variance in the measure. The alpha reliability coefficients were 0.75 for the total scale and ranged from 0.75 to 0.77 for the subscales. In terms of the prevalence of lifetime abuse, 39% of women reported emotional abuse, 30% physical abuse, and 6% sexual abuse.Conclusion: The Arabic version of the NORAQ has demonstrated initial reliability and validity. It is a cost-effective means for screening incidence and prevalence of lifetime domestic abuse against women in Jordan, and it may be applicable to other Middle East countries.Keywords: domestic violence, Middle East, Jordan, instrumentation

  20. The reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Children's ChronoType Questionnaire (CCTQ) in preschool children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishihara, Kaneyoshi; Doi, Yuriko; Uchiyama, Makoto

    2014-11-01

    We aimed to examine the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the Children's ChronoType Questionnaire (CCTQ) in preschool children. The CCTQ consists of 16 items on sleep-wake parameters for scheduled and free days, a 10-item of the Morningness/Eveningness Scale (CCTQ-M/E), and a single item on chronotype. Out of 502 children aged 3-6 years living in Okayama Prefecture, we evaluated 346 (188 boys and 158 girls) between May and June 2012. Their parents filled out the questionnaires two times at an interval of two weeks. Cronbach's ? of the CCTQ-M/E was 0.77. For test-retest reliability, Pearson's correlation coefficient of the CCTQ-M/E between the two observations was 0.898 (p<0.001). Kruskal-Wallis test with post-hoc tests was used to compare sleep-wake parameters measured with the CCTQ among the three groups of children, morning (M)-type, neither (N)-type and evening (E)-type, who were classified according to the CCTQ-M/E score. Sleep-wake parameters in timing were significantly different among the children with M-type, N-type and E-type (p<0.001). Post-hoc pairwise comparisons revealed that sleep-wake parameters in timing were significantly delayed from the M-type to the N-type children (p<0.001), from the M-type to the E-type children (p<0.001), and from the N-type to the E-type children (p<0.001), except that wake-up time and get-up time were not significantly different between the children with N-type and E-type on scheduled days when their start time was regularly fixed. Out of these 346 children, we evaluated 72 (35 boys and 37 girls) to see the correlations between subjectively and objectively measured sleep-wake parameters from June to October 2012. Spearman's correlation coefficients between sleep-wake parameters measured with the CCTQ and an actigraph were 0.512-0.836 on scheduled days (p<0.001) and 0.380-0.786 on free days (p<0.001). Based on these findings we conclude that the Japanese version of the CCTQ is a reliable and valid measure for assessing chronotypes in preschool children. PMID:25003649

  1. El pensamiento mágico: diseño y validación de un instrumento / Magical beliefs: development and validation of a questionnaire

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ileana, Petra-Micu; Alfredo, Estrada-Avilés.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El pensamiento mágico es un fenómeno universal y ha estado presente desde épocas prehistóricas. Actualmente, se relega a los niños al pensamiento primitivo, a las su persticiones, a la parapsicología o a cuadros psicopatológicos; sin embargo, destellos de pensamiento mágico se observan [...] en personas y circunstancias ordinarias. En la actualidad, no se cuenta con un instrumento para analizar la presencia del pensamiento mágico en estudiantes de Medicina, desconociendo cómo influye este en su vida estudiantil y profesional. Objetivo: Diseñar y obtener las características psicométricas de un nuevo instrumento para evaluar el pensamiento mágico en estudiantes de Medicina en México: validez de apariencia, validez de constructo y consistencia interna. Método: Elaboración y validación de un instrumento nuevo para indagar sobre el pensamiento mágico que tienen estudiantes del tercer año de la carrera de Medicina, a través de un análisis factorial de componentes principales con rotación Varimax con normalización Kaiser. Su diseño contempla dos dimensiones: una, en la cual se afirma poseer algún tipo de pensamiento mágico, y otra en donde se muestra desilusión al respecto o se niega a creer en él. Resultados: La muestra estuvo constituida por 555 estudiantes mexicanos de Medicina, 62% de los cuales eran mujeres y 38% hombres, con una edad promedio de 21 años. La versión final del instrumento quedó conformada por 29 reactivos, que explicaron 43.8% de la varianza y se agruparon en cinco factores: analogía, adualismo, animismo, escepticismo y razón vs. magia. Obtuvo un alfa de Cronbach de 0.85. Conclusiones: Este instrumento constituye una herramienta útil para conocer el pensamiento mágico de los estudiantes de medicina. La información que brinda permite definir estrategias dirigidas a fortalecer o corregir los aspectos cognitivos de los futuros profesionistas. Abstract in english Introduction: Magical beliefs are universal phenomena and have been present since prehistoric times. Frequently, they are relegated to children, primitive minds, superstition, parapsychology or psychopathology. However, these beliefs appear in normal, daily circumstances. We were not able to find an [...] instrument to analyze the presence of magical beliefs in medical students, and therefore we are unaware if it influences their professional life. Objective: To design and get the psychometric properties of a new instrument for assessing magical thinking of medical students in Mexico: face validity, construct validity and internal consistency. Methods: A principal components factor analysis with Varimax rotation with Kaiser Normalization was developed and validated as a tool to measure magical beliefs. Validation was done through its application in third year medical students. The final questionnaire consisted of 34 items and was designed considering two dimensions: one that analyses the presence of some kind of magic beliefs and another where disillusionment or refusing to believe in it is present. Results: The sample was made up of 555 students (62% women and 38% men) with an average age of 21. The final instrument consisted of 29 items, which were grouped into five factors: analogy, adualism, animism, skepticism and reason vs. magic. The standardized alpha was 0.85. The questionnaire explains the 43.8 of variance. Conclusions: The instrument proved practical for magical beliefs, and can be used to establish strategies to strengthen or correct cognitive aspects of future professionals.

  2. Test-retest reliability and construct validity of the ENERGY-child questionnaire on energy balance-related behaviours and their potential determinants: the ENERGY-project

    OpenAIRE

    Singh Amika S; Vik Froydis N; Jm, Chinapaw Mai; Uijtdewilligen Léonie; Verloigne Maïté; Fernández-Alvira Juan M; Stomfai Sarolta; Manios Yannis; Martens Marloes; Brug Johannes

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Insight in children's energy balance-related behaviours (EBRBs) and their determinants is important to inform obesity prevention research. Therefore, reliable and valid tools to measure these variables in large-scale population research are needed. Objective To examine the test-retest reliability and construct validity of the child questionnaire used in the ENERGY-project, measuring EBRBs and their potential determinants among 10-12 year old children. Methods We collected ...

  3. Use of food frequency questionnaire to assess relationships between dietary habits and cardiovascular risk factors in NESCAV study: validation with biomarkers

    OpenAIRE

    Sauvageot, Nicolas; Alkerwi, Alaa; Albert, Adelin; Guillaume, Miche?le

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background: Validation of Food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) is particularly important element, as incorrect information may lead to false associations between dietary factors and diseases. The aim of the study was to evaluate the validity of the FFQ used in NESCAV (Nutrition, Environment and Cardiovascular Health) study, by comparing the estimated intakes of fruits and vegetables and of several micro-nutrients with corresponding nutritional biomarkers. Methods: ...

  4. Development and validation of a new method for the registration of overuse injuries in sports injury epidemiology:The Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) Overuse Injury Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Clarsen, Benjamin; Myklebust, Grethe; Bahr, Roald

    2012-01-01

    Background: Current methods for injury registration in sports injury epidemiology studies may substantially underestimate the true burden of overuse injuries due to a reliance on time-loss injury definitions. Objective To develop and validate a new method for the registration of overuse injuries in sports. Methods: A new method, including a new overuse injury questionnaire, was developed and validated in a 13-week prospective study of injuries among 313 athletes from five different sports, ...

  5. The validity of the ISAAC written questionnaire and the ISAAC video questionnaire (AVQ 3.0) for predicting asthma associated with bronchial hyperreactivity in a group of 13-14 year old Korean schoolchildren.

    OpenAIRE

    Hong, Soo-jong; Kim, Sun-woo; Oh, Jae-won; Rah, Young-ho; Ahn, Young-min; Kim, Kyu-earn; Koh, Young Yull; Lee, Sang Il

    2003-01-01

    To validate the prevalence rate of symptoms of asthma produced by the phase I ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood) study, hypertonic saline challenge test was carried out during the phase II study at a year after the phase I study. For the phase II study, six middle schools from three cities in the phase I study were selected. Finally, 499 children who responded to both studies were analyzed. All subjects were asked to complete the written questionnaire (WQ) first,...

  6. Validation of a food frequency questionnaire for determining calcium and vitamin D intake by adolescent girls with anorexia nervosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Catherine; Lamparello, Brooke; Kruczek, Kimberly; Anderson, Ellen J; Hubbard, Jane; Misra, Madhusmita

    2009-03-01

    Assessing calcium and vitamin D intake becomes important in conditions associated with low bone density such as anorexia nervosa. Food records that assess intake over a representative time period are used in research and sometimes clinical settings. However, compliance in adolescents can be suboptimal. This study was undertaken to determine the validity of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for assessing calcium and vitamin D intake in adolescent girls with anorexia nervosa and healthy girls compared to validated food records assessing intake during a 4-day period, the hypothesis being that intake would be adequately predicted by the FFQ. Thirty-six girls with anorexia nervosa and 39 healthy girls aged 12 to 18 years completed both the food record and the FFQ. An additional 31 subjects (20 with anorexia nervosa, 11 controls) completed the FFQ, but not the food record, and one girl with anorexia nervosa completed the food record, but not the FFQ. Subjects demonstrated greater compliance with the FFQ (99%) than the food record (71%). Daily calcium and vitamin D intake calculated using the food record and FFQ did not differ, although the FFQ tended to under-report vitamin D intake corrected for energy intake. Using quartile analysis, no gross misclassification was noted of calcium or vitamin D intake calculated using the food record or FFQ in girls with anorexia nervosa. Strong correlations were observed for daily vitamin D intake derived from the FFQ vs the food record, particularly in girls with anorexia nervosa (r=0.78, Peffectively used to assess daily calcium and vitamin D intake in adolescent girls with anorexia nervosa. PMID:19248866

  7. Accuracy of different reduced versions of a validated food-frequency questionnaire in italian men and women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonnelli, S; Rossi, S; Montomoli, M; Caffarelli, C; Cuda, C; Lazzeri, G; Giacchi, M; Nuti, R

    2009-09-01

    This study aimed to explore how possible it would be to reduce the length of a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) while maintaining adequate accuracy. This FFQ was validated in women in a previous study by our group, whereas the validation in men was one of the aims of the present study. A 15-item FFQ was administered to 136 men and 211 women (age range 25-75 years) recruited by proportional age-stratified sampling, who agreed to fill in a 14-day diet diary. For the intermediate version of the FFQ we considered only eight items in women and 10 in men. For the very short version we considered only three items. The positive likelihood ratio was markedly lower for the very short version (men = 1.2 and women = 1.5) with respect to the intermediate version (men = 6 and women = 6.3) and the 15-item version (men = 19.6 and women = 19.9). The specificity of the very short version was low (22.2% for men and 35.2% for women). The area under ROC curve of the three-item FFQ was significantly lower with respect to the other two versions. In conclusion, our study suggests that the shortest version of the FFQ could be usefully employed only in those clinical settings where the main objective is the identification of individuals who do not have a low calcium intake. ROC analysis and posttest probability calculated by positive likelihood ratio may represent an optimal method for assessing the accuracy of FFQs. PMID:19597859

  8. Validation of the Animated Activity Questionnaire (AAQ) for patients with hip and knee osteoarthritis: comparison to home-recorded videos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peter, W F; Loos, M; van den Hoek, J; Terwee, C B

    2015-08-01

    A recently developed computerized Animated Activity Questionnaire (AAQ) uses video animations to measure limitations in basic daily activities in patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis (OA). The AAQ is less time and money consuming than performance-based tests and less burdensome for patients. Compared to patient-reported outcome measurements, the AAQ is less influenced by the perception of the patient. Previous validation studies of the AAQ showed promising results. Since the AAQ purports to measure activity limitations in real-life situations, this study aims to establish the construct validity of the AAQ by comparing the AAQ to home-recorded videos. Home-recorded videos of eleven basic activities performed by 22 OA patients were transformed into scores and subsequently correlated with the AAQ, the Hip disability and Knee injury Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (H/KOOS), and three performance-based tests (Stair Climbing Test, Timed Up and Go test, and the 30 s Chair Stand Test). The AAQ was expected to correlate highly with the home-recorded videos and the performance-based tests, and moderately with the H/KOOS. As hypothesized, the AAQ correlated highly with the home-recorded videos and performance-based tests (0.83 and, 0.73 respectively), but also unexpectedly highly with the H/KOOS (0.79). In conclusion, since the AAQ correlates highly with home-recorded videos, it seems to have potential as a measurement tool to assess limitations in activities close to the real-life situation, but this should be confirmed in a larger sample of patients. PMID:25680426

  9. Relative validity and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire to assess dietary fiber intake in Danish adults

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vuholm, Stine; Lorenzen, Janne Kunchel

    2014-01-01

    Background: Differences in habitual dietary fiber intake may modify effects of dietary fiber interventions, thus measurement of habitual dietary fiber intake is relevant to apply in intervention studies on fiber-rich foods, and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) is a commonly used method. Rye bread is the major contributor of dietary fiber in the Danish population, and a nation-specific FFQ is therefore needed. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the relative validity and reproducibility of a self-administered quantitative FFQ designed to assess total dietary fiber intake among Danish adults. Design: In order to assess the relative validity of the FFQ, a total of 125 participants completed both a 7-day weighed dietary recording (DR) and an FFQ consisting of 60 questions. To evaluate the reproducibility of the FFQ, a sub-group of 12 participants subsequently completed an FFQ approximately 6 months later. Results: Estimates of mean dietary fiber intake were 24.999.8 and 28.199.4 g/day when applying the FFQ and DR, respectively, where FFQ estimates were 12% lower (pB0.001). Pearson’s correlation coefficient between the estimated dietary fiber intake of the two methods was r0.63 (pB0.001), and 62% of the participants were grouped into the same tertile of intake according to the two methods. The estimates of mean dietary intake of first and second FFQ were very similar (22.294.0 and 23.394.1 g/day, respectively, p0.42) and showed a correlation of r0.95 (95% CI 0.830.99). Conclusion: The developed FFQ showed moderate underestimation of dietary fiber intake (g/day), adequate ranking of subjects according to their dietary fiber intake, and good reproducibility. The FFQ is therefore believed to be a valuable tool for epidemiology and screening in human interventions, where intake of dietary fibers is of specific interest.

  10. Validation of the University of Washington quality of life questionnaires for head and neck cancer patients in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D?cruz A

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Quality of life (QOL is a multidimensional construct capturing the subjective wellbeing of patients in physical, emotional, functional and social domains. Available work on post treatment QOL have only been made in western literature and less in Indian literature. Aims : To translate the UW-QOL into both Hindi and Marathi and psychometrically validate the translation in HandN cancer patients in Indian population. Settings and Design : A prospective study was done at the Tata Memorial Hospital for patients who were treated for H and N cancers. Materials and Methods : 147 patients were enrolled from January to April 2005. The study was carried out in two phases. Patients were given translated versions of the UW-QOL and EORTC QOL questionnaires pre-operatively, 15 days post-operatively and then three months post-operatively. Results : Both the Hindi and Marathi translations had strong internal consistency (Cronbach?s alpha=0.7971 and 0.7839. UW-QOL composite scores correlated well with the global questions on overall QOL in both the Hindi (r=0.69 and Marathi (r=0.66 translations and also with T-stage. QOL scores were worse three months post-operatively than pre-operatively and for patients undergoing surgery that violated the mucosa. A strong correlations was observed (r>0.50 between all similar domains on the UW-QOL and EORTC HandN35 except the saliva item on the Marathi translation, where r< 0.50, but P-values were significant. Conclusions : The Marathi and Hindi versions of the UW-QOL appear to be valid and reliable instruments for assessing the QOL in Indian population and will be a vital tool for achieving greater insight into the short- and the long term QOL.

  11. The Individual Therapy Process Questionnaire: Development and Validation of a Revised Measure to Evaluate General Change Mechanisms in Psychotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mander, Johannes

    2015-07-01

    There is a dearth of measures specifically designed to assess empirically validated mechanisms of therapeutic change. To fill in this research gap, the aim of the current study was to develop a measure that covers a large variety of empirically validated mechanisms of change with corresponding versions for the patient and therapist. To develop an instrument that is based on several important change process frameworks, we combined two established change mechanisms instruments: the Scale for the Multiperspective Assessment of General Change Mechanisms in Psychotherapy (SACiP) and the Scale of the Therapeutic Alliance-Revised (STA-R). In our study, 457 psychosomatic inpatients completed the SACiP and the STA-R and diverse outcome measures in early, middle and late stages of psychotherapy. Data analyses were conducted using factor analyses and multilevel modelling. The psychometric properties of the resulting Individual Therapy Process Questionnaire were generally good to excellent, as demonstrated by (a) exploratory factor analyses on both patient and therapist ratings, (b) CFA on later measuring times, (c) high internal consistencies and (d) significant outcome predictive effects. The parallel forms of the ITPQ deliver opportunities to compare the patient and therapist perspectives for a broader range of facets of change mechanisms than was hitherto possible. Consequently, the measure can be applied in future research to more specifically analyse different change mechanism profiles in session-to-session development and outcome prediction. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Key Practitioner Message This article describes the development of an instrument that measures general mechanisms of change in psychotherapy from both the patient and therapist perspectives. Post-session item ratings from both the patient and therapist can be used as feedback to optimize therapeutic processes. We provide a detailed discussion of measures developed to evaluate therapeutic change mechanisms. PMID:24604874

  12. Cross-cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Exercise-Induced Leg Pain Questionnaire for English- and Greek-Speaking Individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korakakis, Vasileios; Malliaropoulos, Nikos; Baliotis, Konstantinos; Papadopoulou, Sofia; Padhiar, Nat; Nauck, Tanja; Lohrer, Heinz

    2015-06-01

    Study Design Clinical measurement. Objectives To translate the German version of the Exercise-Induced Leg Pain Questionnaire (EILP-G) to Greek and English and evaluate the psychometric properties of the Greek version. Background The EILP-G was developed to evaluate the severity of symptoms and sports ability in individuals with exercise-induced leg pain (EILP). Translation of the questionnaire to other languages will provide a standard outcome measure across populations. Methods The EILP-G questionnaire was cross-culturally adapted to Greek and English, according to established guidelines. The validity and reliability of the Greek version were assessed in 40 patients with EILP, 40 patients with other lower extremity injuries, 40 track-and-field athletes with no history of EILP, and 40 young adults without pathology. Participants completed the questionnaire at baseline and again after 7 to 10 days. Results The expert committee and the participants considered the questionnaire to have good face and content validity. Concurrent validity as assessed using the Schepsis score was almost perfect (rho = 0.947, PSports Phys Ther 2015;45(6):485-496. Epub 30 Apr 2015. doi:10.2519/jospt.2015.5428. PMID:25927499

  13. Factorial validity and measurement invariance across intelligence levels and gender of the overexcitabilities questionnaire-II (OEQ-II).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van den Broeck, Wim; Hofmans, Joeri; Cooremans, Sven; Staels, Eva

    2014-03-01

    The concept of overexcitability, derived from Dabrowski's theory of personality development, offers a promising approach for the study of the developmental dynamics of giftedness. The present study aimed at (a) examining the factorial structure of the Overexcitabilities Questionnaire-II scores (OEQ-II) and (b) testing measurement invariance of these scores across intelligence and gender. A sample of 641 Dutch-speaking adolescents from 11 to 15 years old, 363 girls and 278 boys, participated in this study. Results showed that a model without cross-loadings did not fit the data well (using confirmatory factor analysis), whereas a factor model in which all cross-loadings were included yielded fit statistics that were in support of the factorial structure of the OEQ-II scores (using exploratory structural equation modeling). Furthermore, our findings supported the assumption of (partial) strict measurement invariance of the OEQ-II scores across intelligence levels and across gender. Such levels of measurement invariance allow valid comparisons between factor means and factor relationships across groups. In particular, the gifted group scored significantly higher on intellectual and sensual overexcitability (OE) than the nongifted group, girls scored higher on emotional and sensual OE than boys, and boys scored higher on intellectual and psychomotor OE than girls. PMID:24079958

  14. Validação do questionário de apoio às necessidades psicológicas básicas em Portugal / Validation of the basic psychological needs questionnaire in Portugal

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    David, Sánchez-Oliva; João Alberto Mendes, Leal; João Varão Maurício, Marreiros; Juan José Pulido, González; Tomás, García-Calvo.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar as propriedades psicométricas do Questionário de Apoio às Necessidades Psicológicas Básicas (QANPB) com estudantes portugueses. A amostra foi constituída por 445 estudantes do sexo masculino e feminino, com idades compreendidas entre os 12 e os 16 anos. Inic [...] ialmente, a escala foi traduzida para o português, para posteriormente se realizar uma análise das propriedades psicométricas. Os resultados comprovaram que o QANPB se apresentava como um instrumento com evidências de validade (fatorial e nomológica) e confiabilidade, que permite analisar a percepção dos alunos sobre o apoio do professor à autonomia, competência e relações sociais nas aulas de Educação Física. Abstract in english The purpose of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Basic Psychological Needs Questionnaire (BPNQ) with Portuguese students. The sample was composed of 445 male and female students, ranging in age from 12 to 16 years. Initially, the scale was translated into Portuguese, and l [...] ater, an analysis of the psychometric properties was done. Results emphasized that the BPNQ is a valid (factorial and nomological) and reliable instrument to measure students' perception of autonomy, competence and relatedness support in Physical Education classes.

  15. Bifactor analysis and construct validity of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire (FFMQ) in non-clinical Spanish samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguado, Jaume; Luciano, Juan V; Cebolla, Ausias; Serrano-Blanco, Antoni; Soler, Joaquim; García-Campayo, Javier

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to examine the dimensionality, reliability, and construct validity of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) in three Spanish samples using structural equation modeling (SEM). Pooling the FFMQ data from 3 Spanish samples (n = 1191), we estimated the fit of two competing models (correlated five-factor vs. bifactor) via confirmatory factor analysis. The factorial invariance of the best fitting model across meditative practice was also addressed. The pattern of relationships between the FFMQ latent dimensions and anxiety, depression, and distress was analyzed using SEM. FFMQ reliability was examined by computing the omega and omega hierarchical coefficients. The bifactor model, which accounted for the covariance among FFMQ items with regard to one general factor (mindfulness) and five orthogonal factors (observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judgment, and non-reactivity), fit the FFMQ structure better than the correlated five-factor model. The relationships between the latent variables and their manifest indicators were not invariant across the meditative experience. Observing items had significant loadings on the general mindfulness factor, but only in the meditator sub-sample. The SEM analysis revealed significant links between mindfulness and symptoms of depression and stress. When the general factor was partialled out, the acting with awareness facet did not show adequate reliability. The FFMQ shows a robust bifactor structure among Spanish individuals. Nevertheless, the Observing subscale does not seem to be adequate for assessing mindfulness in individuals without meditative experience. PMID:25914664

  16. A pilot validation of a modified Illness Perceptions Questionnaire designed to predict response to cognitive therapy for psychosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcus, Elena; Garety, Philippa; Weinman, John; Emsley, Richard; Dunn, Graham; Bebbington, Paul; Freeman, Daniel; Kuipers, Elizabeth; Fowler, David; Hardy, Amy; Waller, Helen; Jolley, Suzanne

    2014-01-01

    Background and objectives Clinical responsiveness to cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp) varies. Recent research has demonstrated that illness perceptions predict active engagement in therapy, and, thereby, better outcomes. In this study, we aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of a modification of the Illness Perceptions Questionnaire (M-IPQ) designed to predict response following CBTp. Methods Fifty-six participants with persistent, distressing delusions completed the M-IPQ; forty before a brief CBT intervention targeting persecutory ideation and sixteen before and after a control condition. Additional predictors of outcome (delusional conviction, symptom severity and belief inflexibility) were assessed at baseline. Outcomes were assessed at baseline and at follow-up four to eight weeks later. Results The M-IPQ comprised two factors measuring problem duration and therapy-specific perceptions of Cure/Control. Associated subscales, formed by summing the relevant items for each factor, were reliable in their structure. The Cure/Control subscale was also reliable over time; showed convergent validity with other predictors of outcome; predicted therapy outcomes; and differentially predicted treatment effects. Limitations We measured outcome without an associated measure of engagement, in a small sample. Findings are consistent with hypothesis and existing research, but require replication in a larger, purposively recruited sample. Conclusions The Cure/Control subscale of the M-IPQ shows promise as a predictor of response to therapy. Specifically targeting these illness perceptions in the early stages of cognitive behavioural therapy may improve engagement and, consequently, outcomes. PMID:25011076

  17. Bifactor analysis and construct validity of the five facet mindfulness questionnaire (FFMQ) in non-clinical Spanish samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguado, Jaume; Luciano, Juan V.; Cebolla, Ausias; Serrano-Blanco, Antoni; Soler, Joaquim; García-Campayo, Javier

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to examine the dimensionality, reliability, and construct validity of the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ) in three Spanish samples using structural equation modeling (SEM). Pooling the FFMQ data from 3 Spanish samples (n = 1191), we estimated the fit of two competing models (correlated five-factor vs. bifactor) via confirmatory factor analysis. The factorial invariance of the best fitting model across meditative practice was also addressed. The pattern of relationships between the FFMQ latent dimensions and anxiety, depression, and distress was analyzed using SEM. FFMQ reliability was examined by computing the omega and omega hierarchical coefficients. The bifactor model, which accounted for the covariance among FFMQ items with regard to one general factor (mindfulness) and five orthogonal factors (observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judgment, and non-reactivity), fit the FFMQ structure better than the correlated five-factor model. The relationships between the latent variables and their manifest indicators were not invariant across the meditative experience. Observing items had significant loadings on the general mindfulness factor, but only in the meditator sub-sample. The SEM analysis revealed significant links between mindfulness and symptoms of depression and stress. When the general factor was partialled out, the acting with awareness facet did not show adequate reliability. The FFMQ shows a robust bifactor structure among Spanish individuals. Nevertheless, the Observing subscale does not seem to be adequate for assessing mindfulness in individuals without meditative experience. PMID:25914664

  18. Validation of a stroke symptom questionnaire for epidemiological surveys / Validação de um questionário de sintomas cerebrovasculares para inquéritos epidemiológicos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ivana Makita, Abe; Alessandra Carvalho, Goulart; Waldyr Rodrigues, Santos Júnior; Paulo Andrade, Lotufo; Isabela Martins, Benseñor.

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: A doença cerebrovascular como parte da agenda de saúde pública necessita de instrumentos de vigilância epidemiológica. O objetivo foi validar um questionário para avaliação individual de sintomas de acidente vascular cerebral através do Estudo de Morbidade e Mortalidade no Acide [...] nte Vascular Cerebral (EMMA), São Paulo, Brasil. TIPO DE ESTUDO E LOCAL: Estudo transversal realizado em uma amostra de habitantes do Butantã, uma área na zona oeste da cidade de São Paulo. MÉTODOS: Em todos os domicílios de área adstrita de uma unidade básica de saúde, moradores com mais de 35 anos responderam questionário de sintomas de acidente vascular cerebral enfocando fraqueza de membros e facial, dificuldade em falar, alteração de sensibilidade e déficit de visão. Foram selecionadas 36 participantes aleatoriamente para exame completo com neurologista (padrão-ouro). RESULTADOS: Considerando todas as questões do questionário, a sensibilidade foi de 72,2%, a especificidade, 94,4% e os valores preditivos foram 92,9% (positivo) e 77,3% (negativo). As razões de verossimilhança foram 12,9 (positiva) e 0,29 (negativa) e o coeficiente kappa obtido foi 0,67. Fraqueza de membros foi o sintoma mais sensível e dificuldade para falar, o mais específico. CONCLUSÃO: O questionário de sintomas cerebrovasculares é um instrumento útil, e pode ser aplicado por entrevistadores treinados com intuito de identificar pacientes que sofreram evento cerebrovascular na comunidade através da estrutura do Programa Saúde da Família. Abstract in english CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Stroke is a relevant issue within public health and requires epidemiological surveillance tools. The aim here was to validate a questionnaire for evaluating individuals with stroke symptoms in the Stroke Morbidity and Mortality Study (Estudo de Mortalidade e Morbidade do Acide [...] nte Vascular Cerebral, EMMA), São Paulo, Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a cross-sectional study performed among a sample of the inhabitants of Butantã, an area in the western zone of the city of São Paulo. METHODS: For all households in the coverage area of a primary healthcare unit, household members over the age of 35 years answered a stroke symptom questionnaire addressing limb weakness, facial weakness, speech problems, sensory disorders and impaired vision. Thirty-six participants were randomly selected for a complete neurological examination (gold standard). RESULTS: Considering all the questions in the questionnaire, the sensitivity was 72.2%, specificity was 94.4%, positive predictive value was 92.9% and negative predictive value was 77.3%. The positive likelihood ratio was 12.9, the negative likelihood ratio was 0.29 and the kappa coefficient was 0.67. Limb weakness was the most sensitive symptom, and speech problems were the most specific. CONCLUSIONS: The stroke symptom questionnaire is a useful tool and can be applied by trained interviewers with the aim of identifying community-dwelling stroke patients, through the structure of the Family Health Program.

  19. Reward and Punishment Sensitivity in Children with ADHD: Validating the Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire for Children (SPSRQ-C)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luman, Marjolein; van Meel, Catharina S.; Oosterlaan, Jaap; Geurts, Hilde M.

    2012-01-01

    This study validates the Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire for children (SPSRQ-C), using a Dutch sample of 1234 children between 6-13 years old. Factor analysis determined that a 4-factor and a 5-factor solution were best fitting, explaining 41% and 50% of the variance respectively. The 4-factor model was highly…

  20. Validation of the Spanish version of the children’s self-perceptions of adequacy in and predilection for physical activity (CSAPPA questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Martín-Albo</