Oncology nursing as a specialised nursing discipline has no published nursing care standards for South Africa. The purpose of this study was to formulate oncology nursing standards for a particular research hospital A specific approach was used and the oncology nursing experts in the research hospital compiled and formulated the standards. Group discussions and critical debating of the standards followed. The standards were ratified by means of verbal consensus between the experts and profess...
Kleijn, A. M.; Muller, M. E.
In 1990, funded by a grant from the United States Agency for International Development, Project HOPE/Egypt began a three-year scheme for the development of professional nursing. The board consists of national medical and nursing leaders in the institutes of higher education, faculties of medicine, the nursing association, and ministries of health. A subcommittee works on the development of standards for nursing education, practice, and research, and produced a definition of nursing which conforms with Egyptian social values and the national strategy for health. Standards established by the American Nurses' Association and the International Council of Nurses provided guidance on format, structure, and modes of expression. It was decided that the development of the criteria would take place subsequently. There are sets of standards for nurses, clinical practice, research, and education accompanied by an explanatory statement. Professional development, collaboration and ethics are particularly important for nurses. They are expected to function with a degree of independence and to adopt leadership roles within interdisciplinary health teams. The standards for education are the most comprehensive in order to upgrade the nursing profession. The standards for nursing research remain the least comprehensive. In Egypt, research is still largely concerned with student nurses, while little attention is given to clinical practice. The standards for clinical practice were devised for a role that is not yet universal in Egypt. The English-language version of the standards was completed in July 1991. An Arabic translation was accepted by Project HOPE/Egypt to be distributed to the ministries concerned, directors of nursing in hospitals, higher institutes of nursing, and nursing schools. Feedback was gathered during 1992 and the subcommittee undertook a review in 1993 to refine the standards and develop criteria. This process is expected to be completed later in 1994. PMID:8018280
Kamel, E; Elliott, E; Zaki, H
Seven different types of lecturing technique were assessed in 14 groups of nurses at 2 hospitals. Two lectures in rheumatology were given to each group and a multiple choice questionnaire answered by the nurses immediately after the lecture and 3 months later. A significant amount of knowledge was imparted by the lecturer. About a third of the knowledge, however, was lost within a minute of the end of the lecture, and a half to two-thirds within 3 months. There was no correlation between scores and the row on which the students sat. There was no significant difference between the scores of overseas students and those of British nurses. At immediate recall the techniques differed little. The techniques which scored best were giving the questionnaire before the lectures, giving handouts and using the blackboard. At delayed recall 100% differences in marks were seen between the worst and best techniques in the second lecture. The same techniques which scored best at immediate recall did so on delayed recall. The lowest score occurred where note taking was forbidden. Some questions scored significantly better with note taking. When note taking was forbidden, it made no difference if the student was an habitual notetaker or not. Nor did it make any difference if she was frustrated by the ban. There was no correlation between entry qualifications and the scores obtained. Nurses at a non-teaching hospital did just as well as those at a teaching hospital. It should be emphasised that teaching endeavours to influence 3 aspects—knowledge, skills and attitudes. This series of experiments largely tests the first, but does suggest that a technique which scores highly on information recall may be less helpful in forming constructive attitudes to the patient. PMID:308356
Wright, V.; Hopkins, R.
The perceptions of nursing faculty teaching critical thinking (CT) affective attributes and cognitive skills are described in this quantitative, descriptive study. The study sample consisted of nurse educators from the National League of Nursing database. The purpose of the study was to gain nursing faculty perception of which teaching strategies…
Clark, Doris A.
Developed by the University of Minnesota's Hartford Center of Geriatric Nursing Excellence, these resources are designed to assist nursing students in their quest to become effective health care providers to older adults. After reading a brief introduction to the site, visitors can use the table of contents to find the materials that will be most useful to them. Here they will find a listing of over 40 topic areas, including Biology of Aging, Depression, and Oral Health. Most areas contain at least a dozen links, complete with brief descriptions of the resources and how they might be used in practice or in an educational setting. Finally, visitors can sign up to receive updates when new materials are posted to the site.
Discusses the trend toward affiliation of nursing homes with educational programs as clinical teaching institutions for medical, nursing, and allied health students. Reviews potential ethical and legal issues for the nursing home administrator, professional staff member, educator, and student, including informed consent, supervisory…
Kapp, Marshall B.
Chinese nursing education levels have developed fast over the past few years. Many nursing educators are devoted to the research of nursing teaching. How to cultivate nursing students, creative thinking is one of the principle researches and has received increasing attention. In the course of nursing teaching, we renewed the teaching design based…
Xi-wen, Liu; Chun-ping, Ni; Rui, Yang; Xiu-chuan, Li; Cheng, Cheng
It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) that standardized nursing languages (SNL) are essential communication tools for registered professional school nurses (hereinafter, school nurses) to assist in planning, delivery, and evaluation of quality nursing care. SNL help identify, clarify and document the nature and…
Duff, Carolyn; Endsley, Patricia; Chau, Elizabeth; Morgitan, Judith
Describes a process for teaching nursing research via secondary analysis of data sets from the National Center for Health Statistics. Addresses advantages, potential problems and limitations, guidelines for students, and evaluation methods. (Contains 32 references.) (SK)
Brosnan, Christine A.; Eriksen, Lillian R.; Lin, Yu-Feng
Assertiveness is an important behaviour for today's professional nurse. As nurses move away from traditional subservient roles and perceived stereotypes it is increasingly being recognised that a nurse needs to behave in an assertive manner. Assertiveness is necessary for effective nurse/patient communication, and it is suggested that its development may also aid the confidence of the profession as it develops. Assertive behaviour may be encouraged through educational methods. It is preferable that nurses receive this educational preparation during undergraduate programmes. Nurse educators have an important role in the development and implementation of assertiveness training/education programmes for undergraduate nursing students. Little empirical evidence exists to support teaching in this area, however role-play is a concept that is suggested for the experiential teaching of communication/interpersonal skills in general. Using role-play as a central focus, and available literature on the topic, a 3-hour assertiveness workshop is devised for undergraduate nursing students. This paper describes this workshop from the teacher's perspective and outlines student responses. The experience is both positive and enlightening. Nurse educators have an important role to play in the development of education programmes of this kind. The sharing of this experience allows educators to examine current practice and presents pathways for future empirical studies in this area. PMID:19036315
Mc Cabe, Catherine; Timmins, Fiona
Nine nurses were interviewed to determine nurses' experiences of teaching patients to use continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The material was analyzed using content analysis. Data were sorted into four themes and ten subthemes. The themes were presented as follows: Importance of language, individualized teaching, teaching needs and structure of care in teaching. The findings highlighted important insights into how nurses experience teaching patients to perform CAPD. The study revealed some barriers for the nurses during teaching. The major barrier was shortage of Arabic speaking nursing staff. Incidental findings involved two factors that played an important role in teaching, retraining and a special team to perform pre-assessments, including home visits. In conclusion, the findings of this study showed several factors that are considered as barriers for the nurses during teaching the CAPD patients and the need to improve the communication and teaching in the peritoneal dialysis units, including the importance of individualized teaching. PMID:25758880
Nursing, with leadership from the American Nurses Association (ANA), has a long-standing commitment to the development of standards. The first nursing practice standards were published in 1973. Since that time, both the ANA and specialty nursing organizations have developed standards. However, the proliferation of standards, reflecting a wide divergence of intent, format, and scope, has limited their usefulness. In 1989, the ANA appointed a Task Force (now a Committee) to address this issue. The Committee, working with representatives of the specialty nursing organizations, has developed a framework for development of both nursing practice standards and guidelines. Standards and guidelines are defined and differentiated. The relationship of standard and guidelines development to the federal government's effectiveness initiative is discussed. PMID:1824446
Taylor, J W
The authors discuss the ethics content to be taught in nursing education and the goals of ethics education for both undergraduate and graduate students. Teacher qualifications and evaluation of learning are also considered. (CH)
Thompson, Joyce E.; Thompson, Henry O.
One of the biggest challenges in nursing education is to develop culturally sensitive graduates. Although theory and lecture are appropriate to introduce cultural issues, the application of those skills is limited by the kinds of clinical experiences and patient populations students may treat. Literary works are a rich source of information for nursing. This assignment was created to sensitize the students to the influence of cultural diversity. Students were assigned to read one novel from an approved list and answer the questions posed on the Cultural Discovery worksheet. The only direction that was given regarding novel selection was that the novel had to represent a culture other than the student's own. The focus was to expose students to a different culture. Classroom discussion, based on worksheet answers, followed. The assignment's good, bad, and ugly outcomes are discussed. Suggestions for adaptation of this assignment to an online format are also provided. PMID:19645367
The expansion of research-based literature is one of the foremost goals of the nursing profession. Linked to this goal are the utilization and further development of nursing libraries. This paper discusses some historical factors that have influenced nursing literature. It presents a model for teaching graduate nursing students the relationship between research and library information skills.
Sarkis, J. M.; Conners, V. L.
Full Text Available Background: Teaching hospitals are medical institutes at which most nursing education institutions provide their students with practical nursing experience. Although the focus of care is the patient, attention is sometimes focused more on the nursing students rather than on the patients who are undergoing care at the hands of both the nursing professionals and students. However, proper nursing care should also take into account the experiences of patients during the care process in the health facility. Objectives: The study had three objectives: to describe the experiences of patients nursed by student nurses in a teaching hospital in the Western Cape; to identify patterns in the experiences of patients receiving patient care from student nurses; and to analyse aspects of the experiences that may need further attention for the training of student nurses. Method: A descriptive phenomenological approach was used to explore the experiences of patients nursed by student nurses. Participant selection took place purposively from different wards of the identified teaching hospital, and thematic saturation was achieved at 10 participants. The data were collected through in-depth interviews and analysed using thematic content analysis. Results: Three main themes were discovered after data analysis: methods of identification of student nurses by patients; positive perceptions of student nurses by patients; and negative perceptions of student nurses by patients. Conclusion: The findings will inform the clinical supervisors and educational institutions of aspects of the nursing training of student nurses that need improvement and those that require enforcement.
Ferdinand C. Mukumbang
As patients live longer and hospital stays grow shorter the demand for nurses to teach effectively and efficiently increases. Given the current nursing shortage, nurses have less time available to do teaching. As a result, hospitals will have to be creative in providing quality education in a cost-effective manner. A descriptive study was undertaken to establish a baseline on how much time nurses actually spend teaching. Seven to ten consecutive admissions on each inpatient unit for a total of one hundred twenty-one patients were enrolled into the study during a seven-day period. All patient/family teaching was documented until the patient was discharged or transferred. Data were collected on a total of 825 days of patient hospitalization. The average teaching time per patient per day (pppd) was 16.6 min. This teaching time amounts to 128 h a day and costs the center $2355 in nurses hourly wages each day or $859,657 per year. This study has established that nurses spend a significant amount of time teaching and has estimated its cost. It provides a baseline for making comparisons in teaching methodologies. Patient Education closed circuit television (CCTV) may be an alternative to one-on-one teaching and decrease the amount of time the nurse spends in repetitive teaching. PMID:2290757
Agre, P; Bookbinder, M; Cirrincione, C; Keating, E
Background: Teaching hospitals are medical institutes at which most nursing education institutions provide their students with practical nursing experience. Although the focus of care is the patient, attention is sometimes focused more on the nursing students rather than on the patients who are undergoing care at the hands of both the nursing professionals and students. However, proper nursing care should also take into account the experiences of patients during the care process in the health...
Mukumbang, Ferdinand C.; Oluyinka Adejumo
Though research is often referred to the lifeblood, hallmark or cornerstone in the development of a profession (Brink, 1996:2), teaching research in Nursing is a challenge. The challenge does not just lie in teaching the subject, but in resistance and unwillingness of students to engage in the subject. In the experience of the researcher, registered nurses identify themselves with being a nurse and a caregiver; the role of researcher has never been internalised. The challenge is to achieve th...
Nursing's history is an important, yet overlooked component of the nursing curriculum. History learning offers an opportunity to develop nursing graduates as critical and constructive thinkers with a positive professional identity. An Australian national study of nursing academics conducted in 2008 found that even though participants valued history of nursing teaching, educators have difficulty finding a place for history in the crowded curriculum, due to an over-emphasis on technical skills. The study also found that history of nursing pedagogy is inconsistent and poorly developed, and teaching expertise is unevenly distributed and difficult to access. This paper is an attempt to advance nursing history pedagogy relevant to Australia, by promoting a transformative approach to curriculum design in history learning, considering issues of significance to Australian nursing, and creating exemplar activities. PMID:20394270
Margaret, McAllister; Jennene, Greenhill; Madsen, Wendy; Godden, Judith
Abstract Background The main objective of this study was to determine the perceptions of Iranian nurse educators and students regarding the evaluation of teaching effectiveness in university-based programs. Methods An exploratory descriptive design was employed. 143 nurse educators in nursing faculties from the three universities in Tehran, 40 undergraduate, and 30 graduate students from Tehran University composed the study sample. In addition, deans from the three nursing faculties were inte...
The purpose with this research is to formulate standards for nursing agencies in South Africa. Opsomming Die doel met hierdie navorsing is om standaarde vir verpleegagentskappe in Suid-Afrika te formuleer *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
Full Text Available Objective: to analyze the way nursing undergraduate students perceive teaching-care integration and its relation with the process of Professional formation. Methodology: this is a qualitative research conducted from September to October 2009 with nine students, male and female, attending the seventh and eighth semester of the Nursing School of a university in southern Brazil. An open and recorded survey has been used. For data analysis, Content Theme analysis has been applied. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, by accreditation number 0113.0.243.000-09. Results: the interviews led to two theme categories: perception of the students on teaching-care integration in nursing and perception of curricular practical classes and supervised internship. The students perceive integration among professors and care nurses as not effective yet, being, many times, inexistent. The also pointed the importance of the role of the educator as a facilitator of the relationship and integration with the nursing team. Conclusions: Teaching-care integration is not a vivid reality; however there are principles of change that indicate the possibility of establishing relationships that optimize professional formation. Descriptors: service of teaching-care integration; nursing; nursing students.
Marlene Gomes Terra, Taís Vicari, Annie Jeanninne Bisso Lacchini, Helena Carolina Noal, Carolina Fajardo Valente Pagliarin Brüggemann
The translation of genomic science into health care has expanded our ability to understand the effects of genomics on human health and disease. As genomic advances continue, nurses are expected to have the knowledge and skills to translate genomic information into improved patient care. This integrative review describes strategies used to teach genomics in academic nursing programs and their facilitators and barriers to inclusion in nursing curricula. The Learning Engagement Model and the Diffusion of Innovations Theory guided the interpretation of findings. CINAHL, Medline, and Web of Science were resources for articles published during the past decade that included strategies for teaching genomics in academic nursing programs. Of 135 articles, 13 met criteria for review. Examples of effective genomics teaching strategies included clinical application through case studies, storytelling, online genomics resources, student self-assessment, guest lecturers, and a genetics focus group. Most strategies were not evaluated for effectiveness. PMID:21751761
Quevedo Garcia, Sylvia P; Greco, Karen E; Loescher, Lois J
Full Text Available Introduction: Nursing care is an essential component of health services. Patient's health and improvement depends on the quality of nursing care. Nurses and patients views as well as their active participation for making decision have an important role in quality of services, so it must be regarded as a principle. The purpose of this research was to study nurses' and patients' viewpoints regarding quality of nursing care in teaching hospital of Semnan (Iran. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-comparative study, 52 nurses and 300 patients from internal, surgical, gynecology and pediatric wards of Fatemieh and Amir Hospitals were selected by systematic sampling. Nursing care quality was assessed in psychotic, social and communicative aspects using a Quality Patient Care Scale questioner. The questioner had 41 questions with 3 answer choices (rarely, occasionally and usually that marked from 1 to 3. Mean scores were calculated for all subjects and then were categorized in undesirable (less than 1.5, low desirable (1.5-2.49 and desirable (2.5-5 groups. Results: 31.6 % of patients and 92.6% of nurses evaluated psychotic-social aspect of care quality as desirable. The desirability percent for communicative aspect of care quality was 24.7% in patients and 56.8% in nurses. There was a significant statistical difference between patients and nurses views in both aspects (P<0.001. In psychosocial aspect, 73.5% of patients expressed that nurses do not introduce themselves and 77.9% of them expressed that nurses rarely introduce new patients to other patients. In communicative aspect, 42.5% of patients declared that they ensured about their secrets rarely. Conclusion: Nurses' and patients' viewpoints on quality of nursing care were different because of their various experiences and insight. Thus, re-evaluation of the quality standards of nursing care based on client approach, choosing some strategies to increase nurse-patient communication and considering psycho-social patients needs seems to be a necessity.
This column addresses how nurse educators can provide the teaching-learning experiences for novice nurses to develop the leadership competence to effectively practice nursing in an extremely demanding healthcare environment. The authors delve into Mitchell and Bunkers' use of the metaphor of an abyss to explore the lived experience of risking being with others in extremely intense interpersonal situations. Using reflection, students' journal narratives affirm connections made among past experiences and the new knowledge gleaned from exploring and naming the phenomenon of the abyss. Several teaching-learning strategies are offered as ways for addressing the leadership issues related to dealing with intense relational experiences in nursing practice, including exploring nurse theorist Rosemarie Rizzo Parse's essentials of leadership. PMID:16982716
Ramey, Sandra L; Bunkers, Sandra Schmidt
Each nurse educator's pedagogy underpins their understanding of and approach to teaching and learning, regardless of whether this has been reflected upon or articulated. In this paper, we overview factors and issues that should be considered when developing a teaching philosophy of nursing education and set out broad differences between traditional and contemporary pedagogic models and various ways of knowing. As values underpin any teaching framework these are considered in relation to pedagogies, epistemologies and their relevance to nursing practice. Key teacher roles and strategies that are congruent with a contemporary pedagogy for teaching nursing in the classroom or the clinical setting are also outlined. A premise for writing this paper was that clarifying one's own understandings of education and knowledge and the implicit values held within those terms and processes will contribute to greater self-awareness and more effective teaching of nursing. Education approaches underpinned by a sound teaching philosophy and framework can facilitate an educationally sound and positive experience for learners. PMID:22100421
Horsfall, Jan; Cleary, Michelle; Hunt, Glenn E
Nurse educators are continually challenged to develop teaching strategies that enhance students' critical thinking, problem-solving, and decision-making skills. Case studies are a creative learning strategy that fosters these skills through the use of in-depth descriptions of realistic clinical situations. Conceptual models of nursing provide a unique body of knowledge that can be used to guide construction of case studies and enhance application of didactic course content to nursing practice. In this column, the author discusses the use of case studies constructed within the context of the Roy adaptation model for a senior level medical-surgical nursing course. PMID:17911329
At MacMurray, a liberal arts college, nursing faculty participate in teaching general education courses. Despite initial resistance from nonnursing faculty and students, the nursing faculty were able to model the importance of liberal arts for nursing majors, integrate academic content into nursing courses, improve students' communication skills,…
Anthony, Mary L.; Templin, Martha A.
Full Text Available Though research is often referred to the lifeblood, hallmark or cornerstone in the development of a profession (Brink, 1996:2, teaching research in Nursing is a challenge. The challenge does not just lie in teaching the subject, but in resistance and unwillingness of students to engage in the subject. In the experience of the researcher, registered nurses identify themselves with being a nurse and a caregiver; the role of researcher has never been internalised. The challenge is to achieve the outcome envisaged, namely, nurses who are knowledgeable consumers of research as well as continuous productive scholars in their application of nursing. Research generates knowledge and knowledge is the basis of caring with excellence. Nursing is an art and a science and the science must produce the knowledge upon which the art is based. The purpose of this article is to propose a conceptual framework of how to teach research in order to achieve such a successful outcome. The conceptual framework proposed in this article is based on four pillars, theoretical knowledge of research, scientific writing, psychological support and experiential learning. The importance of the research facilitator, not just as a teacher but also as a positive role model, is also described.
Nursing education is experiencing a generational phenomenon with student enrollment spanning three generations. Classrooms of the 21st century include the occasional Baby Boomer and a large number of Generation X and Generation Y students. Each of these generations has its own unique set of characteristics that have been shaped by values, trends, behaviors, and events in society. These generational characteristics create vast opportunities to learn, as well as challenges. One such challenge is the use of teaching methods that are congruent with nursing student preferences. Although there is a wide range of studies conducted on student learning styles within the nursing education field, there is little research on the preferred teaching methods of nursing students. The purpose of this quantitative, descriptive study was to compare the preferred teaching methods of multi-generational baccalaureate nursing students with faculty use of teaching methods. The research study included 367 participants; 38 nursing faculty and 329 nursing students from five different colleges within the Midwest region. The results of the two-tailed t-test found four statistically significant findings between Generation X and Y students and their preferred teaching methods including; lecture, listening to the professor lecture versus working in groups; actively participating in group discussion; and the importance of participating in group assignments. The results of the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) found seventeen statistically significant findings between levels of students (freshmen/sophomores, juniors, & seniors) and their preferred teaching methods. Lecture was found to be the most frequently used teaching method by faculty as well as the most preferred teaching method by students. Overall, the support for a variety of teaching methods was also found in the analysis of data.
Many in nurse education have partially adopted the Internet as a pedagogical approach. This has highlighted serious contentious issues for educators. These include, pedagogical vs. technological approaches to teaching, face-to-face vs. online communication and classroom vs. online teaching. This paper attempts to reassure educators about this new Internet-based pedagogy, by applying traditional educational theories and discussions on curriculum to web-based teaching. In particular, cognitive learning theories such as constructivism and the process model of curriculum development are discussed. These provide a solid theoretical framework from which to expand the Internet-based pedagogical approach among those whose interest is the promotion of learning. The paper concludes with the implications of web-based teaching for the personal and professional development of nurse educators. PMID:15312954
George Mason University conducted a nursing education program for Saudi students. Cultural differences necessitated creative strategies to accommodate learning. Didactic and clinical methods of knowledge acquisition were used. Communication and flexibility were key elements. (SK)
Carty, Rita M.; Hale, Janet F.; Carty, Gina; Williams, Joyce; Rigney, Dawn; Principato, Jerold J.
The focus of this article is quality assurance in nursing research. Due to well established problems regarding the education of nursing research and increasing pressure to take responsibility for the quality of all educational activities, departments of nursing are obliged to initiate action; to assure quality in nursing research. A nursing department functions within a well-defined external context. The external context comprises of various aspects such as rolplayer expectations and current ...
Smoking cessation strategies are barely discussed in nursing education programs, even though initial education shapes how future professionals practice their profession. The aim of this research is to describe the practices, attitudes, and beliefs of nursing educators of Quebec with regard to smoking cessation strategies in initial nursing education. A descriptive design was chosen along with an online questionnaire. A total of 278 educators (20.8%) participated in the survey. Although educators recognize the importance of incorporating smoking cessation strategies into their teaching practice, they allocate an average of only one hour per year to the topic. Tobacco use is addressed mostly in terms of risk factors, with little focus on how to help patients quit. The perceived obstacles are related to false beliefs and a lack of knowledge. The results of this study demonstrate the need to raise educators' awareness of the importance of incorporating smoking cessation strategies into classroom teaching. PMID:24221955
Lepage, Mario; Dumas, Louise; Saint-Pierre, Chantal
How can nursing teachers improve students’ reflection skills? In the study performance standards for teachers were developed and validated. A ten-step procedure was followed to ensure procedural and internal validity. National competences and specific content standards for supporting nursing reflection skills development formed the foundation of a preliminary rubric framework which was piloted. Forty participants from six nursing institutes judged the developed rubric framework of eight com...
Agaath Dekker- Groen
The purpose of this study was to explore teaching strategies that promote a culturally sensitive nursing education and culturally sensitive nursing. The diversity of Americans has increased. Thus, the nursing student population and patient population have both become more diverse. Nursing education programs, therefore, need to know the best…
Dewald, Robin J.
The nursing unit manager is responsible and accountable for quality management of a clinical unit to facilitate quality nursing/midwifery care and education. The unit manager requires practice guidelines on nursing unit management, reflecting excellence and presented in the form of standards and criteria in the form of a user-friendly instrument. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
Full Text Available Background and Aim: By providing the greatest amount of direct service to patients, nurses play an extremely valuable and unmatched role in the quality and efficiency of care and curative services. Workplace violence is regarded as one of the factors which can reduce job satisfaction and the quality of working life of nurses and their interaction with patients, as well as the work efficiency of nurses and hospitals. In this study, after translating and validating tools of violence measurement in the health sector, the exposure of nurses to psychological violence was measured in a large teaching hospital in Tehran Methods and Materials: A descriptive-cross sectional design was used in this study in summer of 2009 (1387. The study population included all the nurses (n=413 working in a large teaching hospital in Tehran. The questionnaire used for collecting data was adopted from a standardized questionnaire designed jointly in 2003 by the International Labor Office, the World Health Organization, the International Council of Nurses, and the Public Services International. Analysis of the data was made using the descriptive statistical methods and the Chi square- and t-tests. Results: Sixty-nine percent of the nurses had experienced workplace violence. The most common forms of violence were verbal abuse (%64 and bullying-mobbing (%29. On the whole, 26% of the nurses had experienced both forms of violence in the previous year, while 335 had not faced any form of violence in their workplace. Nurses working in outpatient clinics and emergency wards experienced the highest number of encounters with verbal abuse. Encounters with bullying and mobbing were more common among female nurses than the male ones. Overall most of the violent behaviors were committed by patients and their relatives.Conclusion: Exposure of nurses to psychological violence is considerable and comparable to that reported by previous investigators in other countries. Thus it is highly crucial to adopt appropriate management policies aiming, particularly, at educating the medical personnel in ways of preventing and reporting violent behaviors.
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to formulate practice standards for quality clinical decision making in nursing. Clinical decision-making is a critical component of nursing practice, as the life of the patient is at stake. The quality of clinical decision-making is, therefore, essential in delivering quality nursing care. The facilitation of quality clinical decision-making in nursing requires the development of standards to monitor, evaluate and implement remedial actions that improve on the quality of clinical decision-making (Muller, 2002:203; Beyea & Nicoll, 1999:495. However, there are no such practice standards against which the quality of clinical decision-making by nurses can be evaluated and assessed. A qualitative, explorative, descriptive and standard formulation research design (Mouton & Marais, 1990:45-46; Muller, 1990:49-55 has been followed to develop standards for quality clinical decision-making in nursing. Standard development was based on the principles described by Muller (in Booyens, 1998:607-608; 636-637, and consists of development and quantification phases that are modified to meet the requirements for instrument development, as described by Lynn (1986:382-385. The formulation of these practice-standards was derived deductively from a conceptual framework. The conceptual framework was constructed based on an exploration and description of the expectations of the stakeholders about quality clinical decisionmaking in nursing and a literature study on clinical decision-making. To ensure the credibility of the standards for clinical decision-making in nursing, principles of logic, prolonged engagement, triangulation, peer-group discussion, dense description, stepwise repetition and an investigative audit (Lincoln & Guba, 1985:289-331 were adhered to. Two experts were consulted to validate the standards for quality clinical decisionmaking in nursing.
Full Text Available The model of attention to health in Single Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde ? SUS presupposes a human-resources policy which prepares professionals of health to guide the services and sanitary practices. The nurse, a member of health staff, takes over an important role in implementation of principles and standards of SUS, being its professional formation necessary to labor organization in this purpose. In this way this study objectifies to analyse the process of formation of the male nurse in the Politic-Pedagogical Project (Projeto Político-Pedagógico ? PPP in the perception of learning and teaching of the Faculty of nursing – FAEN of the University of The Rio Grande do Norte State – UERN. It treats about a descriptive-exploratory study with qualitative and quantitative approach carried out with learning and teaching of the graduation nursing course. In the field research carried out between the months of november, 2006 and february, 2007, were used like instruments the documental research below PPP´s, structured interview directed to the learning and the closed questionnaire applied to the students of eighth and ninth semesters of graduation course. The results of data about the questionnaires elaborated according to National Curricular Patters (Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais ? DCN and the Instrument of Evaluation Course of Graduation ? MEC were organized according to six lists about the profile of the learning and teaching that participate of the research; of the didactical-pedagogical organization and PPP´s objectives to the just-graduates person to the didactical-pedagogical curriculum organization. For considering the interviews it was adopted thematic analysis of content discribed in lexical analysis by informatical program ALCESTE which provided the organization of the material in five categories: daily problems of SUS consolidation versus nurse formation, dichotomies about FAEN´s nursing course of curriculum versus principles of integralization of graduating process, the just-graduated one from FAEN and its professional insertion united to SUS politic-pedagogical project and the concern about the overcoming of dichotomies of graduation process abilities and necessary competences to the SUS performing nurse. The analysis of informations deriving from documental performance and field research resulted on the verification that, in spite of good intentions, the implementation strategies showed themselves fragile to cope with the rendering of expressed ideal on PPP. There is still a great gap between what´s thought as innovating graduating process and what´s being really implemented.
Roberta Kaliny de Souza Costa
As the health care professions experience continued growth, more and more people are seeking to enter the field of nursing. Nursing educators will appreciate these materials designed to engage their students. Crafted by the University of New Mexico's College of Nursing, these teaching and learning strategies help promote critical thinking and other key skills applicable to the field. There are nine sections here, including Analogy, Case Study, Debate, Jigsaw, and Role Playing. Each area contains examples (some with videos) of each activity or concept, along with information about the strategy's potential use in the classroom. The site is rounded out by a section of Selected Journal Articles, which deal with pedagogy, course development, and student engagement.
Full Text Available How can nursing teachers improve students’ reflection skills? In the study performance standards for teachers were developed and validated. A ten-step procedure was followed to ensure procedural and internal validity. National competences and specific content standards for supporting nursing reflection skills development formed the foundation of a preliminary rubric framework which was piloted. Forty participants from six nursing institutes judged the developed rubric framework of eight competences covering thirty rubric attributes. They also discussed the prerequisite minimum performance level and judgmental models. These judgments and discussions resulted in consensus on the rubric framework, a cut-off score, and a conjunctive judgmental model that is convenient for assessing nursing teachers’ competences. The rubrics can be used in a teacher training program. Also institutes of nursing education can employ the rubrics as a tool for preparing and formatively assessing reflection skills.
Agaath Dekker- Groen
It is imperative that nursing education addresses the issues arising from globalization. The adjustment challenges faced by international nursing students globally highlight the need to understand how nursing faculty experience and teach nursing classes with a mix of domestic and foreign students. This article reports on a participatory action research (PAR) study to examine and enhance the scholarly teaching of international nursing students. The overarching research question for this PAR was: How did participation in a PAR study contribute to shared learning and professional development of nursing faculty teaching international students? Five major themes were identified across the PAR: creating sharing spaces, recognizing and respecting diversity, developing and acknowledging teaching capabilities, utilizing precious time, and valuing the research. In summary, PAR was a useful approach to engage faculty in research by providing a process and a space to address concerns about the teaching and learning of international students. [J Nurs Educ. 2015;54(3):153-158.]. PMID:25693177
Fabbro, Letitia Del; Mitchell, Creina; Shaw, Julie
Based upon the Self-Efficacy Theory, this study examined the relationship between self-efficacy, self-efficacy-related variables, and postpartum depression teaching behaviors of hospital-based perinatal nurses. Findings revealed that teaching new mothers about postpartum depression is related to a perinatal nurse's self-efficacy in postpartum-depression teaching, self-esteem, and the following self-efficacy-related variables: social persuasion (supervisor's expectations for teaching); mastery...
Logsdon, M. Cynthia; Foltz, Melissa Pinto; Scheetz, James; Myers, John A.
This column documents the rationale for creating information literacy competency standards for nursing based on the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) "Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education" and the three documents from the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) on essential skills for nurses in baccalaureate, masters, and doctoral level education and practice. It chronicles the process of the task force which is designing the discipline specific skills and predicts the value of their use, once they are published. PMID:23394425
Phelps, Sue F
Racial and ethnic health care disparities continue to plague the United States, placing a tremendous personal and societal burden on individuals. A culturally diverse nursing work force can help eliminate these disparities and improve the quality of health care that is delivered. However, the nursing profession does not reflect the nation's…
Beard, Kenya V.
On-line learning is increasingly being used in nursing education. Nevertheless, there is still insufficient evidence to demonstrate: whether students respond positively when this form of learning is used to teach relatively practical or clinical subjects; whether it is effective; and whether it is fair to students with less access to, or familiarity with, computers and the internet. In 2003, an on-line Unit on clinical communication was developed for Australian undergraduate nurses in partnership between an Australian School of Nursing and the Department of Clinical Psychology. Students were overwhelmingly positive in their evaluation of the Unit although some regretted the lack of face-to-face contact with tutors and peers. The best aspects of the Unit included the content and structure being perceived as interesting, fun and informative, the relevance of the material for them as nurses, flexibility to work independently, promotion of critical thinking and gaining an understanding of client issues. Neither their evaluation nor their final grades were related to students' age or whether they preferred on-line or traditional learning. Students who had readily available computer access, however, had better final grades. Also, students' grades were correlated with how often they accessed the Unit. PMID:16935394
Farrell, Gerald A; Cubit, Katrina A; Bobrowski, Christina L; Salmon, Peter
An inservice course is described which was developed to teach selected emergency nursing personnel in Nebraska's six Emergency Health/Medical Services areas. The teaching approach was individualized so that the nurses could study only needed materials and work at their own pace as their schedules allowed. (MF)
Bell, Judy; Miller, Margaret
A small nursing school sought to improve teaching of skills in communication, observation, care planning, nursing, technology, and professional/personal development. Skills were identified in questionnaires and group interviews, and ways to implement teaching without the multidisciplinary resources of larger institutions were developed. (Contains…
Full Text Available Introduction: Nursing profession requires knowledge of ethics to guide performance. The nature of this profession necessitates ethical care more than routine care. Today, worldwide definition of professional ethic code has been done based on human and ethical issues in the communication between nurse and patient. To improve all dimensions of nursing, we need to respect ethic codes. The aim of this study is to assess knowledge and performance about nursing ethic codes from nurses' and patients' perspective.Methods: A cross-sectional comparative study Conducted upon 345 nurses and 500 inpatients in six teaching hospitals of Tabriz, 2012. To investigate nurses' knowledge and performance, data were collected by using structured questionnaires. Statistical analysis was done using descriptive and analytic statistics, independent t-test and ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient, in SPSS13.Results: Most of the nurses were female, married, educated at BS degree and 86.4% of them were aware of Ethic codes also 91.9% of nurses and 41.8% of patients represented nurses respect ethic codes. Nurses' and patients' perspective about ethic codes differed significantly. Significant relationship was found between nurses' knowledge of ethic codes and job satisfaction and complaint of ethical performance. Conclusion: According to the results, consideration to teaching ethic codes in nursing curriculum for student and continuous education for staff is proposed, on the other hand recognizing failures of the health system, optimizing nursing care, attempt to inform patients about Nursing ethic codes, promote patient rights and achieve patient satisfaction can minimize the differences between the two perspectives.
The text describes a collective and participative construction of a methodological and theoretical model about the nurse’s management, which resulted from a teaching internship with students of a course in Nursing Management, using Paulo Freire as a reference. The teaching/learning process, based on dialogue and on horizontal relationships, fostered the interaction and construction of self-knowledge of both types of individuals involved in the educational process.
Dirce Backes; Alacoque Erdmann; Maria Anice da Silva; Marta Lenise do Prado
Helping undergraduate nursing students to contextualise theory learnt in the classroom to their professional practice can be challenging for nurse educators. This article provides a critical review of contemporary literature that explores strategies and techniques that nurse educators within university settings have adopted to address this challenge. This review was conducted as part of a broader research project that involved interviewing nurse educators to explore how they attempt to make their teaching meaningful and engaging for student nurses. The data was analysed using thematic analysis and the intention is to share the wealth of ideas gleaned with other nurse educators, including in the form of an evidence-based inventory of teaching approaches found to be effective in enhancing the meaningfulness and engagement of content to nursing learners. PMID:23683818
Crookes, Kay; Crookes, Patrick A; Walsh, Kenneth
Full Text Available Background: Nursing education is undergoing tremendous changes with the changing needs of the rapidly changing society. A sound education system is the prerequisite for the development of any nation. Aim and Objectives: One way to enhance nursing education was to evaluate the learning perceptions of various teaching strategies in nursing education programs. The study was aimed to evaluate the student learning perception about traditional and modern teaching strategies among under graduate nursing students (N=44. Material and Methods: Post test only design was used to compare the learning perception of students about traditional and innovative teaching strategies (brain storming, concept mapping & problem based learning. One group was exposed to traditional teaching strategy and the other group was exposed to innovative teaching strategy about mental health assessment and therapeutic communication. Results: Findings indicated a statistically significant increase (p<0.006 in the learning perception among students exposed to innovative teaching strategies than those exposed to the lecture method at the end of 4 weeks. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that students perceive innovative teaching strategies in a better way compared to the traditional teaching method as it enhances their motivation for learning, learner control, and self - directed learning abilities. However further evaluation with larger sample size is needed before it can replace traditional teaching methods in nursing education.
A knowledge base of nursing theory supports computerized consultation to nursing service administrators and staff about patient care. Three scenarios portray different nurses utilizing the system for inservice development, continuing education, and development of standards of care or protocols for practice. The advantages of the system including cost savings are discussed.
Ryan, Sheila A.
Full Text Available The need for the utilization of various teaching strategies by lecturers when facilitating learning cannot be overemphasized. The aim of this study was to establish if lecturers at a Nursing College in Mpumalanga were using teaching strategies that could facilitate the personal development of nursing learners. A quantitative approach was followed for this study. The participants of the study were all lecturers at a Nursing College in Mpumalanga. Data was gathered by means of a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to describe and summarize data regarding the type of teaching strategies used and the recommendations that could enhance the utilization of various teaching strategies. The data revealed that the teaching strategies mostly utilized required active participation of the learners namely: formal/informal writing of assignments; learner-led class presentation; group sessions; clinical case studies; role-playing and clinical rounds. Inclusion of certain strategies such as problem-based learning, structured accompaniment and computer literacy for learners could enhance the personal development of nursing learners. Although lecturers did use some of the teaching strategies that could enhance the personal development of nursing learners, staff development regarding the utilization of various teaching strategies was highlighted as an important factor to be considered. Other findings revealed that lack of resources have a negative influence on the utilization of various teaching strategies.
T. J. Maunye
Considers the question of which variety of Indonesian to teach in Australia. Issues related to standardization, formality, and diglossia in Bahasa, Indonesia, the use of its many varieties across Indonesia, differences between the Jakarta dialect and the standard form, and pedagogical considerations in teaching non-standard varieties are…
Full Text Available The teaching profession has been continually challenged to provide evidence of the effectiveness of teaching and learning methods. Teacher education, as well as nursing education, is currently undergoing reforms in Sweden. At the university where the research was conducted, teaching and nursing programs are two priority educational programs and maybe knowledge of learning styles can improve the quality of these programs. The purpose of this research was to examine the learning style preferences for two student groups, teachers and nurses, to analyze their differences in light of international research on learning styles. The study involved 78 teaching students and 78 nursing students. Twenty subscales of the Productivity Environmental Preference Survey (PEPS (Dunn, Dunn, & Price, 1984; 1991; 2000 were used to identify the participants’ learning style preferences. The results showed statistically significant differences between the two student groups. In comparison to teaching students, more nursing students were highly motivated, kinesthetic, and preferred authorities. More teaching students were highly persistent. The findings suggest the need for widely diverse teaching approaches and conscious didactic action skills in higher education, as well as implementation of learning strategies for students.
Nursing faculty teaching medical students a module in clinical skills is a relatively new trend. Collaboration in education among medical and nursing professions can improve students’ performance in clinical skills and consequently positively impact the quality of care delivery. In 2011, the Faculty of Medicine in collaboration with the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Balamand, Beirut, Lebanon, launched a module in clinical skills as part of clinical skills teaching to first-year medical students. The module is prepared and delivered by nursing faculty in a laboratory setting. It consists of informative lectures as well as hands-on clinical practice. The clinical competencies taught are hand-washing, medication administration, intravenous initiation and removal, and nasogastric tube insertion and removal. Around sixty-five medical students attend this module every year. A Likert scale-based questionnaire is used to evaluate their experience. Medical students agree that the module provides adequate opportunities to enhance clinical skills and knowledge and favor cross-professional education between nursing and medical disciplines. Most of the respondents report that this experience prepares them better for clinical rotations while increasing their confidence and decreasing anxiety level. Medical students highly appreciate the nursing faculties’ expertise and perceive them as knowledgeable and resourceful. Nursing faculty participating in medical students’ skills teaching is well perceived, has a positive impact, and shows nurses are proficient teachers to medical students. Cross professional education is an attractive model when it comes to teaching clinical skills in medical school. PMID:25419165
Abdallah, Bahia; Irani, Jihad; Sailian, Silva Dakessian; Gebran, Vicky George; Rizk, Ursula
Review of eight studies evaluating strategies for teaching nursing research found they emphasized contextual rather than internal or external validity. A typology for research on teaching strategies was proposed using the categories of purpose, methodological assumptions, types of validity, and sample size. (Contains 45 references.) (SK)
Porter, Eileen J.
Describes a multimedia toolkit for teaching palliative care in nursing, which contains modules on end-of-life topics: comfort, connections, ethics, grief, impact, and well-being. Other contents include myths, definitions, pre- and postassessments, teaching materials, case studies, learning activities, and resources. (SK)
Wilkie, Diana J.; Judge, Kay M.; Wells, Marjorie J.; Berkley, Ila Meredith
Model C clinical nurse leader (CNL) programs are complex because they must meet the The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice and The Essentials of Master's Education in Nursing, as well as the graduate level competencies outlined in the white paper Competencies and Curricular Expectations for Clinical Nurse Leader Education and Practice. Faculty assigned to teach in these programs may be experts in education or areas of clinical specialty, but they may not have a clear understanding of the CNL role to teach and mentor CNL students. This article describes a faculty development model that includes an introduction to the CNL role, course mapping of the essentials, integration of CNL professional values into clinical evaluation, consultation with practicing model C graduates, and participation in a comprehensive CNL certification review course. The model was effective in preparing faculty to teach and mentor students in a model C CNL program. PMID:24971734
Webb, Sherry; McKeon, Leslie
Nursing educators face the challenge of meeting the needs of a multi-generational classroom. The reality of having members from the Veteran and Baby Boomer generations in a classroom with Generation X and Y students provides an immediate need for faculty to examine students' teaching method preferences as well as their own use of teaching methods. Most importantly, faculty must facilitate an effective multi-generational learning environment. Research has shown that the generation to which a person belongs is likely to affect the ways in which he/she learns (Hammill, 2005). Characterized by its own attitudes, behaviors, beliefs, and motivational needs, each generation also has distinct educational expectations. It is imperative, therefore, that nurse educators be aware of these differences and develop skills through which to communicate with the different generations, thereby reducing teaching/learning problems in the classroom. This is a quantitative, descriptive study that compared the teaching methods preferred by different generations of associate degree nursing students with the teaching methods that the instructors actually use. The research study included 289 participants; 244 nursing student participants and 45 nursing faculty participants from four nursing departments in colleges in Pennsylvania. Overall, the results of the study found many statistically significant findings. The results of the ANOVA test revealed eight statistically significant findings among Generation Y, Generation X and Baby boomers. The preferred teaching methods included: lecture, self-directed learning, web-based course with no class meetings, important for faculty to know my name, classroom structure, know why I am learning what I am learning, learning for the sake of learning and grade is all that matters. Lecture was found to be the most frequently used teaching method by faculty as well as the most preferred teaching methods by students. Overall, the support for a variety of teaching methods was also found in the analysis of the data.
Kitko, Jennifer V.
Full Text Available In this descriptive study, we aimed to determine the views of nurses on their responsibilities and the students? working system during student clinical teaching. The study universe consisted of nurses working at the Gulhane Military Medical Faculty training hospital while the study sample consisted of 165 nurses working the day shift (08:00-17:00 on weekdays during December 2005 and willing to participate in the study. We used the survey form developed by the researchers following a literature survey to collect the data. This form contained items on the nurses? own responsibilities during the clinical teaching of the students, the working system of the students, their views on being role models and the principles regarding the staff responsible for clinical teaching. Percentages and the chi-square test were used for the analysis of the data. Within the context of the research, 66,1% of the nurses have stated that the course instructor should possess the primary responsibility for the students during the clinical study while some 23,6% of the nurses expressed that the responsibility belonged to themselves. According to the 32,1% of the nurses, the presence of intern nurses in the clinic would increase patient care quality while 32,1% of them indicated an increase in job satisfaction; 49,1% of them expressed that it would not constitute a limitation of time allocated to the patient care and finally 44,8% of them stated that this presence of intern nurses would not increase their workload. 65,8% of the nurses have implied that students should conduct their studies as patient-centric, while 77,6% of them expressed that they would see themselves as the perfect role model for their students during the clinical teachings. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(6: 459-464
Full Text Available In this descriptive study, we aimed to determine the views of nurses on their responsibilities and the students? working system during student clinical teaching. The study universe consisted of nurses working at the Gulhane Military Medical Faculty training hospital while the study sample consisted of 165 nurses working the day shift (08:00-17:00 on weekdays during December 2005 and willing to participate in the study. We used the survey form developed by the researchers following a literature survey to collect the data. This form contained items on the nurses? own responsibilities during the clinical teaching of the students, the working system of the students, their views on being role models and the principles regarding the staff responsible for clinical teaching. Percentages and the chi-square test were used for the analysis of the data. Within the context of the research, 66,1% of the nurses have stated that the course instructor should possess the primary responsibility for the students during the clinical study while some 23,6% of the nurses expressed that the responsibility belonged to themselves. According to the 32,1% of the nurses, the presence of intern nurses in the clinic would increase patient care quality while 32,1% of them indicated an increase in job satisfaction; 49,1% of them expressed that it would not constitute a limitation of time allocated to the patient care and finally 44,8% of them stated that this presence of intern nurses would not increase their workload. 65,8% of the nurses have implied that students should conduct their studies as patient-centric, while 77,6% of them expressed that they would see themselves as the perfect role model for their students during the clinical teachings. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2007; 6(6.000: 459-464
The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) was established in 1987 and charged with the mission of improving the quality of teaching and public education. The National Board certification system involves three critical elements: (1) standards setting; (2) assessment instruments; and (3) professional development. This Digest…
This study was carried out at a teaching hospital in Southern Brazil, which adopted a management model that provoked the dismantling of the nursing service and the disbandment of nursing professionals. Its general goal was to promote changes that would be implemented in the re-organization of nursing work. It is a case study with a historical-dialectic approach, whose data were collected in March and April 2005 through the focal group technique. The study subjects were eight nurses, two technicians and two nursing auxiliaries. Data were analyzed through thematic content analysis. Results evidenced that the greatest challenges nursing faced at this hospital were: to construct a new identity, carry out teamwork while maintaining its professional identity, acquire visibility in the institution, change care and expand management. PMID:19229408
Bernardino, Elizabeth; Felli, Vanda Elisa Andres
The purpose of this research was to improve nursing professionals’ understanding of the important link to safe, competent, and ethical practices that Nursing Practice Standards (NPS) serve. This research on NPS may improve the scope and comprehensiveness by which the Standards are integrated with clinical, educational, administrative, and research-based nursing practices. This research was unique in that it includes nurses in developing NPS. The method by which this study was done invo...
June Anonson; Mary Ellen Walker
Full Text Available Bahia Abdallah,1 Jihad Irani,2 Silva Dakessian Sailian,1 Vicky George Gebran,1 Ursula Rizk1 1Nursing Program at the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Balamand, 2Faculty of Medicine and Medical Sciences, University of Balamand, Beirut, Lebanon Abstract: Nursing faculty teaching medical students a module in clinical skills is a relatively new trend. Collaboration in education among medical and nursing professions can improve students' performance in clinical skills and consequently positively impact the quality of care delivery. In 2011, the Faculty of Medicine in collaboration with the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Balamand, Beirut, Lebanon, launched a module in clinical skills as part of clinical skills teaching to first-year medical students. The module is prepared and delivered by nursing faculty in a laboratory setting. It consists of informative lectures as well as hands-on clinical practice. The clinical competencies taught are hand-washing, medication administration, intravenous initiation and removal, and nasogastric tube insertion and removal. Around sixty-five medical students attend this module every year. A Likert scale-based questionnaire is used to evaluate their experience. Medical students agree that the module provides adequate opportunities to enhance clinical skills and knowledge and favor cross-professional education between nursing and medical disciplines. Most of the respondents report that this experience prepares them better for clinical rotations while increasing their confidence and decreasing anxiety level. Medical students highly appreciate the nursing faculties' expertise and perceive them as knowledgeable and resourceful. Nursing faculty participating in medical students' skills teaching is well perceived, has a positive impact, and shows nurses are proficient teachers to medical students. Cross professional education is an attractive model when it comes to teaching clinical skills in medical school. Keywords: cross-professional education, CPE, clinical skills, medical education, nursing faculty, clinical performance
Full Text Available Este estudo teve por objetivo desvelar a compreensão de um grupo de enfermeiras egressas da Escola de Enfermagem da USP, quanto disciplina Administração aplicada à Enfermagem ministrada no Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem da Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade de São Paulo. Para tanto buscou-se como trajetória metodológica a fenomenologia, tendo MARTINS;BICUDO como autores básicos e eixo principal da pesquisa. Guiadas por este referencial, realizou-se o estudo junto a oito enfermeiras, fazendo a descrição e a compreensão dos seus discursos e buscando trazer o significado que foi percebido do fenômeno estudado. Da análise fenomenológica dos relatos das enfermeiras emergiram possibilidades e limites do ensino da referida disciplina.The purpose of this study was to disclose the nurses comprehension about the Nursing Administration discipline taught in the Nursing graduation course of the Nursing School of São Paulo University. We have followed the phenomenology as the methodological way, and MARTINS; BICUDO were taken as the basic authors and main axis of the research. Being guided by this referencial, we have done this study together with eight nurses and we could do a description and comprehension speeches trying to bring out the meaning of what was understood about their phenomenon studied. From the phenomenological analysis of the nurses'reports appeared the possibilities an limits of the teaching of this discipline.
Raquel Rapone Gaidzinski
Full Text Available This research is a descriptive study in order to assess barriers and facilitators of research utilization among nurses working in teaching hospitals in Tabriz, year 2001. The aim is to identify causes of low extent of utilization and also to assess barriers and facilitators of researches. This study was conducted upon 304 nurses working in 12 teaching hospitals of Tabriz, which were selected by random sampling. Instrument used for study was questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS (10. The results of this study showed that three major barriers for research utilization included: 1 inadequate facilities for implementation, 2 Physicians will not cooperate with implementation and 3 the nurses do not have sufficient time to read researches. Facilitators which nurses suggested, emphasized on the role of education in enhancing their knowledge and skills of research evaluation.
Background: Mental disorders of different kinds leave the clients with communication problems that make the interaction difficult to understand. Almost all the mental disorders lead to a pathological communication pattern. Like other skills of professional nursing, communication requires intense education. Aims and Objectives: 1. To develop structured teaching programme on communication skill for nurses 2. To identify the socio demographic characteristics of the nurses...
Banu M. R; Lalitha K.
Background: Patient satisfaction is used as an important indicator of quality care and is frequently included in healthcare planning and evaluation. A cross sectional study was conducted to examine the relationship between cancer patients’ satisfaction with nursing care in order to assist nurses in defining more clearly their roles in 10 government teaching hospitals in Tehran, Iran. Method: A proportional stratified sampling method was used. Data was collected via validated Patient Satisfa...
Mehrnoosh Akhtari-Zavare; Mohd Yunus Abdullah; Syed Tajuddin Syed Hassan; Salmiah Binti Said; Mohammad Kamali
There are a number of important documents that provide guidance in the consideration of library services supporting nursing programs and students at a distance. Standards are available from the National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission (NLNAC), the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), and the Commission on Collegiate…
Lessin, Barton M.; Redman, Barbara K.; Wilmes, Nancy A.
Full Text Available Background: Examining the quality of nursing care from the patient's perspective is an important element in quality evaluation. The extent to which patients' expectations are met will influence their perceptions and their satisfaction with the quality of care received.Methods: A cross- sectional survey was conducted among admitted patients at King Khalid Teaching Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected (from January 2011 to March 2011 from a convenience sample of 448 patients using a 42- items questionnaire assessing six dimensions of the nursing care provided to, during hospitalization.Results: On a four-point scale (4-higly agree,3-agree, 2-disagree, and 1-higly disagree. The individual items of nursing care showing the lowest means were the information received from the nurses about self-help (2.81, the information about the laboratory results (2.76 and the way the nurse shared the patient's feeling (2.72. A strong correlation existed between the overall perception level and the variables of gender (P=0.01, and the types of department (0.004.Conclusion: The findings of this study demonstrate negative experiences of patients with nursing care in dimensions of information, caring behavior, and nurse competency and technical care. Awareness of the importance of these dimensions of nursing care and ongoing support to investigate patients' perception periodically toward quality of nursing care are critical to success the philosophy of patient centered health care.
M Al Momani
Background: New teaching methods are essential in the promotion of competence in nursing students. Measuring blood pressure, which is one of the most essential skills, is the foundation of nursing care and clinical decision-making, and students should be trained to master this skill. This study aimed to determine the impact of two teaching methods on students’ performance in blood pressure measurements. Materials and Methods: In this semi-experimental study, 36 first-term nursing students from Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, were divided into six groups of six people each. The type of training for each group was determined by random draw. Blood pressure measurement training was given to three groups on a simulator and to the other three groups on human samples. Pre- and post-test evaluation of knowledge of the methods of measuring blood pressure was conducted using a researcher-made checklist and by observation of the students’ actions. The knowledge and skill scores were compared using paired and independent t-tests. Results: The mean performance scores of students in simulator (19.14 ± 1.60) and human (19.64 ± 1.08) groups were not significantly different. In both methods, there was no significant difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressures measured by students and by teachers (standard). Mean knowledge scores of both groups increased significantly after training compared to before training. Conclusions: According to the results of the study, the two training methods (on human subjects and simulator) provide the students with the necessary ability to measure the systolic and diastolic blood pressures correctly. Therefore, to enrich the educational program of nursing students, using simulators is recommended as an effective teaching strategy to facilitate learning and for the development of students’ knowledge. PMID:25183979
Eghbalibabadi, Maryam; Ashouri, Elaheh
Nursing is at the same time a vocation, a profession and a job. By nature, nursing is a moral endeavor, and being a 'good nurse' is an issue and an aspiration for professionals. The aim of our qualitative research project carried out with 18 nurse teachers at a university nursing school in Brazil was to identify the ethical image of nursing. In semistructured interviews the participants were asked to choose one of several pictures, to justify their choice and explain what they meant by an ethical nurse. Five different perspectives were revealed: good nurses fulfill their duties correctly; they are proactive patient advocates; they are prepared and available to welcome others as persons; they are talented, competent, and carry out professional duties excellently; and they combine authority with power sharing in patient care. The results point to a transition phase from a historical introjection of religious values of obedience and service to a new sense of a secular, proactive, scientific and professional identity. PMID:21097967
de Araujo Sartorio, Natalia; Pavone Zoboli, Elma Lourdes Campos
Distance-learning based on the web am Technology Information (TI) have been important in recent health policy initiatives, but still a challenge for nursing. This article points out an experience with Moodle to support Nurse Education.
Cf, Isabel Da Cruz
Examines the efficacy of a comprehensive behavior management skills training program for improving certified nursing assistants' (CNAs) skill performance in the nursing home. Results reveal improvement in five out of seven communication skills. Although CNAs showed a reduction in the use of ineffective behavior management strategies, they did not…
Burgio, Louis D.; Stevens, Alan; Burgio, Kathryn L.; Roth, David L.; Paul, Penelope; Gerstle, John
This document offers a guide to enhance the quality of Michigan social studies teaching. The document draws on two sources, "A Vision of Powerful Teaching and Learning in the Social Studies" (National Council for the Social Studies) and "A Guide to Authentic Instruction and Assessment: Vision, Standards and Scoring" (Newmann, Secada, and Wehlage)…
Michigan State Dept. of Education, Lansing.
Full Text Available The use of simulations as a teaching and learning tool within health care has increasing importance; simulations are seen as the major teaching method for practicing and assessing developing skills, knowledge, attitudes and meaningful decision-making within the field of nursing. Certainly the utilisations of simulations feature widely within many aspects of health care; a greater understanding of the key conceptual notions will serve to benefit all of those engaged within their application. This literature review has enabled the construction of a conceptual model for the teaching of simulation and can serve to promote the continued positive development of simulations within education. Through a consistent and insightful approach to teaching, dynamic learning will be assured within this very important aspect of engaging the nursing student within the learning process.
Health care professionals are challenged by the complexities of the health care environment. This study uses a qualitative approach to explore how teaching strategy affects the development of critical thinking (CT) among Taiwanese baccalaureate-level nursing students. Data collected from 109 students' reflection reports were analyzed using content analysis. Three categories generated by the analysis were the teaching-learning strategy, enhancing CT, and transiting into a different learning style. The teaching-learning strategy consisted of concept mapping, question and answer, and real-life case studies. CT was enhanced alternately by self-directed learning, the realization of the gap between known and unknown, and connecting the gap between theoretical nursing knowledge and clinical practice. The study results emphasize participants' perceptions of becoming a critical thinker, turning into an active learner, and eventually achieving self-confidence. These learning effects invest the wisdom of teaching-learning with a far-reaching significance. PMID:25839955
Lin, Chun-Chih; Han, Chin-Yen; Pan, I-Ju; Chen, Li-Chin
Because of changes in the medical environment, nurses must maintain the ability of divergent thinking to solve the health problems of patients. However, many nurses whose work in clinical practice has become routine have lost the ability of creativity. To cultivate nurses creativity should be a goal of nursing education. The purpose of this study is to evaluate a nursing concepts teaching protocol by utilizing teaching strategies directed toward creativity to promote creativity in two-year RN-BSN students. This study design is a time series and one group experiment utilizing multiple instances of treatment. Teaching strategies for creativity were applied to a teaching unit and 52 two-year RN-BSN students were tested for creativity before the end of each semester. This study was conducted from March, 1999 to May, 2000, but only 30 students completed all tests and reached a 58% return rate. Torrance s (1974) definitions of creativity includ fluency, flexibility, and uniqueness were followed and the instrument, a questionnaire on Creativity in the application of the Nursing Process Tool (CNPT), was designed based on Emerson (1988). The content validity of Chinese-version CNPT was.79. The inter-coder reliability between two researchers was.84 following a coding guide that ten nursing education experts had established. The results indicated that 30 two-year RN-BSN students had improved fluency and flexibility. The improvements reached a significant level after the third semester. Only uniqueness declined. It is suggested that nursing faculty apply teaching strategies uniqueness more often in a teaching protocol of nursing concepts. By utilizing teaching strategies of creativity in a teaching protocol of nursing concepts, it is expected that two-year RN-BSN students can acquire characteristics of creativity for problem-solving skills in clinical settings. PMID:12119595
Ku, Ya-Lie; Kao Lo, Chi-Hui; Wang, Jing-Jy; Lee Hsieh, Jane; Chen, Kuei-Min
Full Text Available The way that teaching has been organized at the schools can represent na obstacle for the acquisition of theabilities to think, to reflect and to make decisions, influencing the coping with practical problems during the NursingProcess. The goal of the present study is to analyze the implementation of a proposal of teaching Nursing Processthrough the Problematical method, particularly through the Arch Method. This is an action-research project,developed at the Nursing School of the Federal University of Goiás, during 1998 and 1999. The subjects weresecond year students of Nursing, attending the course ?Methodology of Nursing Assistence?. To collect the data weuse activity and self-evaluation reports from students, field data and instruments of cognitive, affective andpsychomotor evaluation. The evaluation of the reports was done following the established guidelines for teaching ineach phase, and most of the scores obtained were medium to high (3 to 5, with the exception of the nursingassistance phase evaluation, with scores between 1 and 2. In the affective evaluation the majority of the studentsmentioned that the implementation of the nursing process phases, does not happen as the literature suggests, andmanifested the importance of the Nursing Process to improve the quality of assistance and the desire of use itduring the professional practical. The psychomotor evaluation was performed through physical lunge exam and theimplementation of technical procedures. More than 50% of the students had scores between 4 and 5 in the items ofinspection and auscultation, presenting difficulties to perform the abilities of palpation and percussion. The scoreobtained in the evaluation of procedures implementation ranged from 4 to 5. The cognitive evaluation of theNursing Process phases was realized through a write test with mean grades between 33,4 and 51,4, with amaximum of 100 points. The differences between written evaluation and reports may be due to the type of domainmeasured and/or the strategy of the evaluation. The guidelines made for teaching, the strategies for teaching andfor evaluation, the facilities and difficulties and perceptions pointed out by the research participants in relation to thethematic may be useful to trigger discussions about teaching the Nursing Process. Although we cannot extend theresults of these experiences to others groups, we expect this investigation to be a contribution for professionalsand professors that want to adopt the Problem-based Learning, triggering discussions about the pedagogic project.
Adélia Yaeko Kiosen Nakatani
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Case-based education has a long history in the disciplines of education, business, law and the health professions. Research suggests that students who learn via a case-based method have advanced critical thinking skills and a greater ability for application of knowledge in practice. In m [...] edical education, case-based methodology is widely used to facilitate knowledge transfer from theoretical knowledge to application in patient care. Nursing education has also adopted case-based methodology to enhance learner outcomes and critical thinking. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study was to describe a decentralised nursing management education programme located in Durban, South Africa and describe the perceptions of nursing faculty facilitators regarding implementation of this teaching method. METHOD: Data was collected through the use of one-on-one interviews and also focus groups amongst the fifteen facilitators who were using a case-based curriculum to teach the programme content. The average facilitator was female, between 41 and 50 years of age, working part-time, educated with a baccalaureate degree, working as a professional nurse for between 11 and 20 years; slightly more than half had worked as a facilitator for three or more years. RESULTS: The facilitators identified themes related to the student learners, the learning environment, and strengths and challenges of using facilitation to teach the content through cases. Decentralised nursing management educational programmes can meet the needs of nurses who are located in remote areas which are characterised by poor transportation patterns and limited resources and have great need for quality healthcare services. CONCLUSION: Nursing faculty facilitators need knowledgeable and accessible contact with centrally based full-time nursing faculty in order to promote high quality educational programmes.
Zethu, Nkosi; Padmini, Pillay; Kathleen M., Nokes.
Full Text Available Background: Case-based education has a long history in the disciplines of education, business, law and the health professions. Research suggests that students who learn via a case-based method have advanced critical thinking skills and a greater ability for application of knowledge in practice. In medical education, case-based methodology is widely used to facilitate knowledge transfer from theoretical knowledge to application in patient care. Nursing education has also adopted case-based methodology to enhance learner outcomes and critical thinking.Objectives: The objectives of the study was to describe a decentralised nursing management education programme located in Durban, South Africa and describe the perceptions of nursing faculty facilitators regarding implementation of this teaching method.Method: Data was collected through the use of one-on-one interviews and also focus groups amongst the fifteen facilitators who were using a case-based curriculum to teach the programme content. The average facilitator was female, between 41 and 50 years of age, working part-time, educated with a baccalaureate degree, working as a professional nurse for between 11 and 20 years; slightly more than half had worked as a facilitator for three or more years.Results: The facilitators identified themes related to the student learners, the learning environment, and strengths and challenges of using facilitation to teach the content through cases. Decentralised nursing management educational programmes can meet the needs of nurses who are located in remote areas which are characterised by poor transportation patterns and limited resources and have great need for quality healthcare services.Conclusion: Nursing faculty facilitators need knowledgeable and accessible contact with centrally based full-time nursing faculty in order to promote high quality educational programmes.
Full Text Available Background: Case-based education has a long history in the disciplines of education, business, law and the health professions. Research suggests that students who learn via acase-based method have advanced critical thinking skills and a greater ability for application of knowledge in practice. In medical education, case-based methodology is widely used to facilitate knowledge transfer from theoretical knowledge to application in patient care. Nursing education has also adopted case-based methodology to enhance learner outcomes and critical thinking.Objectives: The objectives of the study was to describe a decentralised nursing management education programme located in Durban, South Africa and describe the perceptions of nursing faculty facilitators regarding implementation of this teaching method.Method: Data was collected through the use of one-on-one interviews and also focus groups amongst the fifteen facilitators who were using a case-based curriculum to teach the programme content. The average facilitator was female, between 41 and 50 years of age,working part-time, educated with a baccalaureate degree, working as a professional nurse for between 11 and 20 years; slightly more than half had worked as a facilitator for three or more years.Results: The facilitators identified themes related to the student learners, the learning environment, and strengths and challenges of using facilitation to teach the content through cases. Decentralised nursing management educational programmes can meet the needs of nurses who are located in remote areas which are characterised by poor transportation patterns and limited resources and have great need for quality healthcare services.Conclusion: Nursing faculty facilitators need knowledgeable and accessible contact with centrally based full-time nursing faculty in order to promote high quality educational programmes.
The purpose of this booklet is to offer some guidelines for inservice educators who are interested in teaching human relationships and communication skills in nursing homes. Getting It All Together (GIAT) was developed for people to improve their basic communication skills through a new approach to communication and interpersonal relationships. It…
Dickman, Irving R.
Presents a key module in a 3-day train-the-trainer course in end-of-life nursing--competence in communicating with patients and families. Factors affecting communication, coping strategies for families, strategies for classroom and clinical teaching, and resources are described. (SK)
Matzo, Marianne LaPorte; Sherman, Deborah Witt; Sheehan, Denice C.; Ferrell, Betty Rolling; Penn, Barbara
To assess role-playing as a methodology in the teaching-learning process for the Nursing Degree. To identify the attitude of nursing students towards role-playing. To analyze the response of students to their teaching-learning process after role-playing. Relationship is one of the main functions of nursing care in all fields, as it contributes to developing and coping with the various stimuli of life through therapeutic communication, which helps nurses know their role and how to behave accor...
Marti?nez Riera, Jose? Ramo?n; Cibanal Juan, Luis; Pe?rez Mora, Mari?a Jesu?s
Full Text Available Este trabalho mostra as expectativas de estudantes de enfermagem quanto ao ensino de reabilitação durante o curso de graduação em enfermagem. Alunos do oitavo semestre e do segundo semestre do curso de Graduação em Enfermagem responderam um questionário específico para cada grupo e apontaram suas expectativas caracterizando uma proposta para o ensino de reabilitação em enfermagem.This article shows the nursing student's expetance about rehabilitation teaching during nursing graduation course, 8th semester students and 2nd semester of nursing graduation course answer a specific questionnaire for each grup and they show spectatives characterizing a proposal for the nursing rehabilitation teaching.
Ana Cristina Mancussi e Faro
Full Text Available Introduction: Ineffective communication is a main factor in engender of unwanted hospital errors and impede suitable patient care. SBAR technique (Situation-Background- Assessment- Recommendation is a standard tool for building communication among healthcare professionals. While educating the SBAR technique requires appropriate educational methods, but this issue has been less investigated. So, the aim of present study was to compare the effect of educating the SBAR technique with role play and lecturing on communication skills of nurses in transferring patients to next shift. Methods: This quasi-experimental study conducted by participating 78 nurses who assigned to role play and lecturing groups randomly. SBAR technique was educated to each group separately. At the end of the learning session in each group, the skills of the participants in performing SBAR technique were investigated by the standard SBAR scale. Data analysis was performed by using SPSS statistical software version 11.5. Results: Comparison the total score of performing SBAR technique using independent samples t-test showed statistical differences between mean score of role play and lecturing groups. Similarly, comparison the scores of skill in performing each four parts of SBAR technique showed statistical differences between two groups.Conclusion: Role play is an effective educational method in teaching SBAR technique for nurses and it can be used as a tool for build effective communication between healthcare professionals.
Narges Toghian Chaharsoughi
Full Text Available Background: The lack of standardization in the nursing special language has been identified as one of the main problems to overcome so that the profession can be recognized as a science. The emphasis on addressing these concerns led to the development of nursing terminologies that often do not reflect the local nursing practices, and this fact motivated the identification of professional nursing terms in a teaching hospital. Objective: To build, based on the ICNP® Seven Axes Model, a bank of terms of the nursing special language for the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a teaching hospital, by using the terms found in the nursing records of this unit. Methodology: Descriptive research developed with the goal of contributing to the systematization of nursing care at the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of a teaching hospital. The steps followed in this research were: identification and evaluation of specialized documents; cross mapping of the identified terms with the ICNP® Version 1.0 terms; establishment of databases domain trees; development of definitions for terms not included in ICNP®, validation of the terms and definitions included in the database. Results: The results show that the 596 terms and definitions validated will enable the building of a bank of terms of the nursing special language for the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, containing 226 terms that are included and 374 terms that are not included in ICNP® Version 1.0. Conclusion: It is expected that this database will become a source for the development of ICNP® Catalogues, including sets of diagnostic statements, nursing results and interventions, which can be used to implement the systematization of nursing care in the unit in question.
Maria Miriam Lima da Nóbrega
Full Text Available Discussion on the teaching mode of higher vocational nursing specialty based on CDIO model is the core of this study. CDIO is the latest achievement in the reform of the international higher education of engineering and has been thrived since 2000. There are some inevitable problems when domestic universities introduced and innovated the CDIO mode. Therefore the CDIO model is a bold attempt for the institutions of higher education, especially higher vocational college teachers. The CDIO mode drives teachers to reflect on the existed teaching philosophy, and therefore enables them to change teaching methods in the teaching process and improve their teaching capacity tremendously. Meanwhile, it also encourages students to learn automatically and cultivate their comprehensive abilities such as professional capability, development capability, interpersonal skills, innovation ability, etc.
As the U.S. population quickly moves toward linguistic diversity, it is essential that sufficient numbers of linguistically diverse nurses be available to provide care, and nurse educators play a significant role in the preparation of these nurses. Little information was found in the literature about factors that influence the practices of the…
Fuller, Bonnie L.
Nursing as a profession continues to attract the best and the brightest students. With all of this interest, students may find themselves looking for high quality resources to supplement their classroom instruction. This site was designed to accompany the Nurse as Educator textbook but can be used without the accompanying volume, if so desired. A great place to start is the Student Resources area, which contains links to flashcards, interactive glossaries, crossword puzzles, and small group discussion questions. Teachers will definitely appreciate the Case Studies area as it presents a solid set of case studies related to real world nursing encounters. The site is rounded out by the Web Links area which includes germane resources related to each chapter from the book.
Full Text Available Introduction: The article is aimed to highlight usage of innovative teaching methods within simulation education in the professional training of nurses abroad and to present our experience based on passing intensive study programme at School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, University of Salford (United Kingdom, UK within Intensive EU Lifelong Learning Programme (LPP Erasmus EU RADAR 2013. Methods: Implementation of simulation methods such as role-play, case studies, simulation scenarios, practical workshops and clinical skills workstation within structured ABCDE approach (AIM© Assessment and Management Tool was aimed to promote the development of theoretical knowledge and skills to recognize and manage acutely deteriorated patients. Structured SBAR approach (Acute SBAR Communication Tool was used for the training of communication and information sharing among the members of multidisciplinary health care team. OSCE approach (Objective Structured Clinical Examination was used for student’s individual formative assessment. Results: Simulation education is proved to have lots of benefits in the professional training of nurses. It is held in safe, controlled and realistic conditions (in simulation laboratories reflecting real hospital and community care environment with no risk of harming real patients accompanied by debriefing, discussion and analysis of all activities students have performed within simulated scenario. Such learning environment is supportive, challenging, constructive, motivated, engaging, skilled, flexible, inspiring and respectful. Thus the simulation education is effective, interactive, interesting, efficient and modern way of nursing education. Conclusion: Critical thinking and clinical competences of nurses are crucial for early recognition and appropriate response to acute deterioration of patient’s condition. These competences are important to ensure the provision of high quality nursing care. Methods of simulation education used within professional training of next generation of nurses can help them to get used to the recognition and management of this group of patients by the means of simulated cases to be able to implement the approaches trained within real clinical nursing practice.
An important domain that emerged from the interpretation of 91 nurse manager (NM) narratives was achieving the right relationship between a NM and a recalcitrant staff member. This article depicts the qualitative distinctions in 2 stages of NM practice to show the importance of reflection on experiential learning in the development of expertise. This work confirms that NM development is more complex than teaching a curriculum of business and management theory and should include teaching for mastery of the skilled know-how of clinical leadership practice and formation of the person as manager. PMID:23151927
Cathcart, Eloise Balasco; Greenspan, Miriam
The objective of this integrative review was to identify and analyze the scientific publications regarding the use of active methodologies in nursing care and teaching in Brazil. The survey included national publications, from 1999 to 2009, using the following databases: LILACS, BDENF, MEDLINE and SciELO. A total of 28 articles were selected. The results and analysis pointed to problematization as the primary active methodology used, the lack of theoretical frameworks to plan the pedagogical action, and the excessive use of teaching techniques that do not always characterize innovation. In conclusion, the implementation of innovative methodologies requires further studies and more investment in research and dissemination on the subject. PMID:22441286
Sobral, Fernanda Ribeiro; Campos, Claudinei José Gomes
Predicting success on the NCLEX-RN is of paramount importance to nursing programs as they are held accountable for this outcome by accrediting agencies and by boards of nursing. This action research study examined the relationship between the NET admission test, anatomy and physiology grades, grade point average (GPA) on admission to the program…
Lown, Maris A.
Full Text Available The objective of this research is to describe, from the perspective of managers, how the management of teaching happens. It’s a exploratory study, conducted in in a Public University in Midwest Region. Subjects were occupants of the positions of Director, Head of Department and Course coordinator. The collection and data analysis was held by documentary surveys, semi-structured interviews and thematic analysis, respectively. The project was approved by Ethical Committee No. 796/CEP/HUJM. As main results, we identified that the management acts were based on institutional goals and objectives, materialized in PDI. Teachers were organized into working groups and research groups and extension, by area of expertise. The college management is anchored in national and institutional regulations governing the teaching profession, but they enjoy autonomy in performing their duties. The managers believe that their main role is to articulate the administrative structures and academic faculty, in order to achieve planned results. Understanding how does the management of teaching happens, helped us to suggest strategies to overcome difficulties encountered in teaching and managerial work.
Leonara Raddai Gunther de Campos
Background: Examining the quality of nursing care from the patient's perspective is an important element in quality evaluation. The extent to which patients' expectations are met will influence their perceptions and their satisfaction with the quality of care received.Methods: A cross- sectional survey was conducted among admitted patients at King Khalid Teaching Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected (from January 2011 to March 2011) from a convenience sample of 448 patients us...
Al Momani, M.; Al Korashy, H.
Shifting from an emphasis on teaching to learning is a complex task for both teachers and students. This paper reports on a qualitative study of teachers in a nurse specialist education programme meeting this shift in a distance education course. The study aimed to gain a better understanding of the teacher-student relationship by addressing research questions in relation to the students’ role, the learning process, and the assessment process. A didactical design comprising three phases foc...
Cancer of the cervix is the commonest genital tract malignancy in the female, and it has been ranked second to breast cancer. It has positive association with infection of human papillomavirus. Cervical cancer incidence and mortality have declined substantially in western countries following the introduction of screening programmes. This present study investigated the knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses in Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) towards cervical cancer screening as t...
Awodele, O.; Adeyomoye, A. A. A.; Awodele, D. F.; Kwashi, V.; Awodele, I. O.; Dolapo, D. C.
In KwaZulu-Natal more than 50% of the population lives in the rural area but most of the health workers are based in urban centres where teaching hospitals and high incomes are common. Nursing provides the backbone of health care in the public sector. Specialist nurses such as advanced midwives or specialist HIV nurses are in short supply. Teaching via live synchronous videoconference (VC) provides an opportunity to extend specialist education to nurses at rural hospitals. Aim: The aim of the...
There are many conceptual and practical difficulties in teaching culturally sensitive issues to student nurses. There is little clear evidence about the most effective way that the subject of racism can be explored in the classroom setting. This critical appraisal is a collation of the evidence as a means of identifying current practice and the theoretical difficulties and debates that characterise this area. The evidence is based on English language material, largely if not exclusively, from the United States of America and the United Kingdom. We used CINAHL 1982-2003 and MEDLINE 1993-2003 using the search terms 'curriculum', 'education', 'nursing', 'teaching', 'minority groups', 'race relations', 'prejudice', and 'ethnic groups'. The central tension lies between a multicultural and an anti-racist approach, which reflects philosophically diverse opinions about what should be included in the nursing curriculum. The outcome of this tension is reliant on providing evidence about the experiences of students and tutors and whether the problem is one of difficulties in cross-cultural communication or racism. Recommendations from the literature for the teaching of multiculturalism and/or anti-racism are synthesised and discussed in light of the tension existing between the two philosophies. PMID:15046853
Nairn, Stuart; Hardy, Carolyn; Parumal, Logan; Williams, Glenn A
When nurses who are educated internationally immigrate to the United States, they are expected to have English language proficiency in order to function as a competent nurse. The purpose of this research was to provide sufficient information to the National Council of State Boards of Nursing (NCSBN) to make a defensible recommended passing standard for English proficiency. This standard was based upon the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). A large panel of nurses and nurse regulators (N = 25) was convened to determine how much English proficiency is required to be minimally competent as an entry-level nurse. Two standard setting procedures, the Simulated Minimally Competent Candidate (SMCC) procedure and the Examinee Paper Selection Method, were combined to produce recommendations for each panelist. In conjunction with collateral information, these recommendations were reviewed by the NCSBN Examination Committee, which decided upon an NCSBN recommended standard, a TOEFL score of 220. Because the adoption of this standard rests entirely with the individual state, NCSBN has little more to do with implementing the standard, other than answering questions and providing documentation about the standard. PMID:16401043
O'Neill, Thomas R; Tannenbaum, Richard J; Tiffen, Jennifer
A program that brings together students entering demanding professions (law, medicine, and nursing) to explore issues of ethics and professionalism is described. The course uses thought-provoking stories, classroom discussion, student journals, and collaborative teaching. Lessons learned from teaching the course a number of times are also…
Weisberg, Mark; Duffin, Jacalyn
The research and anecdotal literature has suggested therapeutic humor is beneficial in the treatment relationship between nurse and patient; however, the potential effects of therapeutic humor between students and faculty have largely been overlooked. The literature has substantiated that a positive rapport between teacher and student facilitates improved student performance during the clinical experience. The author posits that a teacher's skillful use of humor can be an effective means of establishing and maintaining rapport with a student during potentially stressful clinical experiences. This article discusses the use of appropriate humor and how humor can be leveraged for effective academic and clinical instructional purposes, particularly in high-stress, high-demand settings. The article reflects on the potential for misinterpretation of humor, urging careful consideration of the context for its use. PMID:20704129
Chiarello, Michael A
An understanding of research is important to enable nurses to provide evidence-based care. However, undergraduate nursing students often find research a challenging subject. The purpose of this paper is to present an evaluation of the introduction of podcasts in an undergraduate research module to enhance research-teaching linkages between the theoretical content and research in practice and improve the level of student support offered in a blended learning environment. Two cohorts of students (n=228 and n=233) were given access to a series of 5 "guest speaker" podcasts made up of presentations and interviews with research experts within Edinburgh Napier. These staff would not normally have contact with students on this module, but through the podcasts were able to share their research expertise and methods with our learners. The main positive results of the podcasts suggest the increased understanding achieved by students due to the multi-modal delivery approach, a more personal student/tutor relationship leading to greater engagement, and the effective use of materials for revision and consolidation purposes. Negative effects of the podcasts centred around problems with the technology, most often difficulty in downloading and accessing the material. This paper contributes to the emerging knowledge base of podcasting in nurse education by demonstrating how podcasts can be used to enhance research-teaching linkages and raises the question of why students do not exploit the opportunities for mobile learning. PMID:22321687
Strickland, Karen; Gray, Colin; Hill, Gordon
Full Text Available Nursing faculty continue to find themselves challenged to meet student needs by the increasing student enrollment numbers and increasing faculty workloads without simultaneously increasing resources. The responsibility to meet student needs rests on the nursing faculty. It is therefore increasingly important that nursing faculty implement teaching modalities to meet student and patient needs. This article demonstrates faculty’s use of service-learning as an effective, innovative teaching modality to meet increasing student, patient, and community needs without additional resources. The authors seek to differentiate between service learning and contracted clinical experiences in order to enable nurse educators to use service learning as a teaching modality. The authors describe the process of using service learning with nursing process in this course. Nursing assessment is built into the project as a “windshield survey”. A literature review was conducted seeking to understand other uses of service learning in education and validate the authors’ experiences. This three-credit hour lecture and one credit hour clinical course has yielded unique and interesting service learning projects that positively impact their communities. The students work with cohorts of all races, ethnicities and cultures throughout the lifespan. Service-learning opportunities assist in the availability and accessibility of health care to safety net facilities and vulnerable populations who may not otherwise receive health care screening or treatment. Faculty in nursing and other health disciplines will likely appreciate the innovation, creativity, and autonomy afforded this modality of outreach.
Susan G. Williams
The profession is facing a unique shortage of nursing faculty. Schools of Nursing have always had a shortage of doctorally prepared nursing faculty. The academic norm for faculty teaching in baccalaureate and graduate programs to hold earned doctoral degrees was established later in nursing than for other disciplines. At best, 50% of nursing faculty in such programs have met this academic standard. In addition, the shortage is predicted to escalate in the next decade due to the retirement of ...
Full Text Available Background: Patient satisfaction is used as an important indicator of quality care and is frequently included in healthcare planning and evaluation. A cross sectional study was conducted to examine the relationship between cancer patients’ satisfaction with nursing care in order to assist nurses in defining more clearly their roles in 10 government teaching hospitals in Tehran, Iran. Method: A proportional stratified sampling method was used. Data was collected via validated Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire (PSQ within a 3 month period. Result: The majority of respondents was males (52.3%. The overall median age of respondent was 50 (Inter-quarter range, 26, ranging from 14 years old to 85 years old. The findings revealed that a vast majority of these respondents (82.8% was satisfied with the nursing care provided to them, while the others (17.2% were not. There was a significant relationship between patients’ satisfaction and University’s hospital, types of treatment (P?0.05. Also; the University’s hospitals was the best predictor for level of satisfaction. Conclusion: This study found that most of the respondents were satisfied with the nursing care, though they suggested some improvements especially with respect to interpersonal relation
BACKGROUND: Pain is very common among nursing home residents. The assessment of pain is a prerequisite for effective multiprofessional pain management. Within the framework of the German health services research project, ‘Action Alliance Pain-Free City Muenster’, the authors investigated pain assessment adherence according to the German national Expert Standard for Pain Management in Nursing, which is a general standard applicable to all chronic/acute pain-affected persons and highly recommended for practice. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the state of pain assessment and to identify need for improvement in 12 nursing homes in a German city. METHODS: In the present study, the authors used an ex-post-facto design (survey methodology). Available written policies for routine pain assessment in residents ?65 years of age were reviewed and a standardized online survey completed by 151 of 349 nurses in 12 nursing home facilities was conducted between September 2010 and April 2011. RESULTS: Most of the included nursing homes provided written policies for pain assessment, and the majority of nurses reported that they assess and regularly reassess pain. However, observational tools for residents with severe cognitive impairment and written reassessment schedules were lacking in many facilities or were inconsistent. CONCLUSIONS: Essentially, pain assessment appeared to be feasible in the majority of the German nursing homes studied. However, the absence or inconsistency of reassessment schedules indicate that pain management guidelines should include a detailed and explicit reassessment schedule for the heterogenic needs of nursing home residents. For residents with severe cognitive impairment, assessment tools are needed that are simple to use and clearly indicate the presence or absence of pain. PMID:24851238
Osterbrink, Jürgen; Bauer, Zsuzsa; Mitterlehner, Barbara; Gnass, Irmela; Kutschar, Patrick
Abstract Background A number of recent developments in medical and nursing education have highlighted the importance of communication and consultation skills (CCS). Although such skills are taught in all medical and nursing undergraduate curriculums, there is no comprehensive screening or assessment programme of CCS using professionally trained Standardized Patients Educators (SPE's) in Ireland. This study was designed to test the content, process and acceptability of a screening programme in...
Burgoyne Louise; Shanks Andrew; Gaffney Robert; Walshe Nuala; Anthony, Ryan C.; Wiskin Connie M
Among several important separate components which make especial English distinct from general English, vocabulary is a major part of all English for specific purpose (ESP) teaching courses. In addition to general and semi-technical vocabulary items, nursing genre contains the specific jargon to be learnt if the aim is to introduce the concepts to the students who attend the courses to become insiders to the genre. Medlin(2009) refers to nursing genre as a complex and crucial factor in future ...
Parisa Riahipour; Zeinab Saba
Introduction: Nursing profession requires knowledge of ethics to guide performance. The nature of this profession necessitates ethical care more than routine care. Today, worldwide definition of professional ethic code has been done based on human and ethical issues in the communication between nurse and patient. To improve all dimensions of nursing, we need to respect ethic codes. The aim of this study is to assess knowledge and performance about nursing ethic codes from nurses' and patients...
Sara Moghaddam; Saied Khameneh; Vahid Zamanzadeh; Hadi Hassankhani; Alireza Mohajjel-Aghdam
Abstract Background Nurses may acquire an infection during the provision of nursing care because of occupational exposure to microorganisms. Relevant literature reports that, compliance with Standard Precautions (a set of guidelines that can protect health care professionals from being exposed to microorganisms) is low among nurses. Additionally, high rates of exposure to microorganisms among nurses via several modes (needlesticks, hand contamination with blood, exposure to air-transmitted mi...
Raftopoulos Vasilios; Papastavrou Evridiki; Efstathiou Georgios; Merkouris Anastasios
The Nursing Course at the Medicine College in Marília, has been making every efforts to create the Integrate Curriculum, making use of the questionable methodology. In this study, the authors present the student' expected performances and the sequency of activities create to teach the precautions of Nursing for the adult and elder people taking away some changes na the cutaneous integrity, that makes the student implement the knowlege. During the activities it was proved that this kind of challenge has showed a progress in the teaching and learning process, but there are some difficulties to be conquered. PMID:12876845
Marin, Maria José; Vilela, Elaine Morelato; Takeda, Elisabete; Santos, Ione Ferreira
The Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) initiative identified 6 competencies for the education of nurses (patient-centered care, teamwork and collaboration, evidence-based practice, quality improvement, safety, and informatics) and the related knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) for each competency. The initial QSEN focus was on competency development during prelicensure nursing education, with subsequent attention on adapting the KSAs for graduate programs that prepare advanced practice nurses for clinical roles. Description of successful QSEN competency integration in Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) programs is limited. Although the ultimate goal is executing DNP programs where quality and safety is thoroughly integrated throughout the curricula, the focus of this article is on multimethod teaching strategies to integrate selected QSEN KSAs into an existing online post-master's DNP quality and safety course. PMID:21507440
Manning, Mary Lou; Frisby, Anthony J
Full Text Available Nursing students are exposed to a vast amount of information and reading material that is very specific, technical, and new to the students. Unless nurse educators provide a learning environment that promotes understanding through interaction, students might only commit unassimilated information to [...] their short-term memory through rote learning, and no meaningful learning will occur. Nursing students must be able to link learned facts, concepts and principles with new knowledge in order to make sound rational decisions in practice (All & Havens 1997:1210, 1213). The aim of this paper is to describe the utilisation of concept-mapping as a teaching method to facilitate critical thinking by students in nursing education. The description of the utilisation of concept-mapping is done from the theoretical framework of concept-mapping and critical thinking to provide the epistemological basis for concept-mapping (Facione 1990:6, 13). Based on the exploration and description of the theoretical frameworks, four steps to facilitate critical thinking were formulated through concept-mapping on the basis of the educational process: the identification, interactive constructing process, formulation and evaluation steps. It is concluded that the utilisation of these steps will assist nurse educators to implement concept-mapping as a teaching method to facilitate critical thinking by student nurses in nursing education. Recommendations are made.
Mary M., Chabeli.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar se a estrutura categorial da Norma ISO 18104 é adequada para apoiar a documentação eletrônica de diagnósticos e ações de enfermagem e auxiliar na formação de expressões diagnósticas e ações de enfermagem. MÉTODOS: Desenho transversal com dois casos de uso nos registros eletrônico [...] s de dois hospitais universitários que utilizam diferentes terminologias de Enfermagem. RESULTADO: O caso de uso A forneceu 40 expressões diagnósticas e 97 intervenções. Todos os registros para diagnósticos de enfermagem continham foco, julgamento ou achado clínico. As intervenções foram registradas usando verbo de ação e alvo. Os demais qualificadores foram pouco empregados. O caso de uso B forneceu dois diagnósticos e 371 expressões para ações de enfermagem. Os diagnósticos possuíam foco e julgamento. Todas as intervenções, exceto uma, foram documentadas usando verbos de ação e alvo. CONCLUSÃO: A Norma ISO18104 mostrou-se adequada para apoiar a documentação de expressões diagnósticas e de ação de enfermagem. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To verify whether categorical structure of the ISO 18104 standard is adequate to support electronic documentation of nursing actions and nursing diagnoses and to facilitate the development of nursing diagnoses and nursing actions expressions. METHODS: A cross-sectional design with two use [...] cases in electronic records from two teaching hospitals that employ different nursing terminologies. RESULT: Case A included 40 diagnostic expressions and 97 interventions. All records for nursing diagnoses included focus, judgment, or clinical finding. All interventions were recorded using action verbs and targets. Few other qualifiers were used. Case B provided two diagnoses and 371 expressions for nursing actions. Diagnoses included focus and judgment. All interventions, except one, were documented using action verbs and targets. CONCLUSION: ISO 18104 was adequate to support documentation of nursing actions and diagnoses expressions.
Heimar de Fatima, Marin; Heloisa Helena Ciqueto, Peres; Grace Terezinha Marcon, Dal Sasso.
Full Text Available The objectives of this study was to analyze the Service of Continuated Education (SCE of a teaching hospital, from the perspective of the nursing team in the evaluative dimensions of structure, process and outcome and to identify factors involved in the activities undertaken by that service, based on the Donabedian model. This is an exploratory-descriptive study, carried through in a private teaching hospital. The data collection was conducted through a questionnaire, using a Likert scale. The treatment of the data was carried through a descriptive statistics using the Cronbach Alpha test. Analyzing the data, we observed that in the tree evaluated dimensions (structure, process and result the nurse team had favorable perception relative to this service. However, the structure dimension received the highest favorability score, average of 4,56 (dp±4,97, with process dimension receiving the lower score of, average 40,44 (dp±5,11.
Aline Togni Braga
Research concerning the supervisor role in separate educational programmes has been undertaken, but cross-professional studies are few. The aim of this study was to explore the lived experience of supervising mentors in Sweden during the practice-based, off-campus sections of the education in teaching, nursing, and social care. The study used a…
Lofmark, Anna; Morberg, Asa; Ohlund, Lennart S.; Ilicki, Julian
Full Text Available Abstract Background A number of recent developments in medical and nursing education have highlighted the importance of communication and consultation skills (CCS. Although such skills are taught in all medical and nursing undergraduate curriculums, there is no comprehensive screening or assessment programme of CCS using professionally trained Standardized Patients Educators (SPE's in Ireland. This study was designed to test the content, process and acceptability of a screening programme in CCS with Irish medical and nursing students using trained SPE's and a previously validated global rating scale for CCS. Methods Eight tutors from the Schools of Nursing and Medicine at University College Cork were trained in the use of a validated communication skills and attitudes holistic assessment tool. A total of forty six medical students (Year 2 of 5 and sixty four nursing students (Year 2/3 of 4 were selected to under go individual CCS assessment by the tutors via an SPE led scenario. Immediate formative feedback was provided by the SPE's for the students. Students who did not pass the assessment were referred for remediation CCS learning. Results Almost three quarters of medical students (33/46; 72% and 81% of nursing students (56/64 passed the CCS assessment in both communication and attitudes categories. All nursing students had English as their first language. Nine of thirteen medical students referred for enhanced learning in CCS did not have English as their first language. Conclusions A significant proportion of both medical and nursing students required referral for enhanced training in CCS. Medical students requiring enhanced training were more likely not to have English as a first language.
The preceptor model of clinical education uses nurses to fulfill the role of 'teacher' in a one-on-one relationship with students. The current nursing shortage, however, places increased demands on nurses and threatens their continuation in this role. The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to gain a better understanding of the nurse preceptor's experience. Five themes evolved during data analysis: (1) making it worthwhile for the nurse, (2) making a difference, (3) engaging in the process, (4) "I love being a preceptor, but..., and (5) accepting the role, taking responsibility. Making it worthwhile for the nurse included how nurses saw personal and professional rewards and benefits in precepting. Making a difference described how nurses felt they made a difference in student learning. Engaging in the process described how nurses created learning opportunities for students by being a good role model and protecting students from negative experiences. "I love being a preceptor, but..." identified aspects of the precepting role that were difficult. Accepting the role, taking responsibility identified the different people involved in the complex precepting experience; the preceptor, nursing faculty, students, and the nurse manager that all had to work together if students were to have a good experience. Findings can be used to develop better support for preceptors as well as more structured and consistent orientation to the role. PMID:17689423
We have created four courses for teachers, and inquiry-based materials to go with them, that embed space physics concepts while teaching Space Physics to National and State standards. The state of Texas recently adopted a "4x4" standard, which makes the "recommended" graduation requirement for high school students to include four science and four math courses. Space Physics is not specifically listed as a topic, but falls naturally as part of three of the Texas High School courses: "Physics", "Astronomy" and "Earth and Space Science", a new course whose syllabus is being decided now. The national standards which are most relevant at the high school level are "Change, Constancy and Measurement", "Motions and Forces", "Interactions of Energy and Matter" and "Natural and Human-induced hazards" [National Science Ed Standards, 1996]. The "Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills" includes circuits, electricity and magnetism, and waves in their Physics course syllabus, and include "describe the Sun's effects on the Earth" in the Astronomy class. In the new Earth and Space Science class we expect that additional heliospheric concepts will be included. At Rice we have four Astronomy courses (and four Earth Science courses) for teachers, two of which involve a substantial space physics content. By taking those eight courses, plus a research project and another content or education elective, the teachers can earn a "Masters of Science Teaching" degree. In "Teaching Earth and Space Science" (ASTR 402) we dedicate about 4 weeks on the Sun and the Earth and its environment. The "Physics of Ham Radio" course (PHYS 401) has an even more relevant focus. That class introduces electricity and magnetism, with hands-on activities on circuits and electromagnetic waves. The students earn their "Technician" class amateur license by making at least 75 per cent on the first quiz, which allows them VHF and UHF broadcast privileges. The second half of the course covers more space weather topics including the ionosphere, solar activity, radio propagation and absorption, antennas, etc. Some students pass the more detailed "General" amateur license by the end of the semester, which allows them to transmit at HF frequencies. Ham radio clubs are becoming more interesting to students as internet-based and digital modes allow more extensive communication even with minimum licensing, and amateur radio clubs are an excellent resource to teachers who want to set up a station in their school. A Technician license can also allow even communication with the Space Station.
Reiff, P. H.
Full Text Available Introduction: For maintaining the continuity of care and improving the quality of care, effective inter-shift information communication is necessary. Any handover error can endanger patient safety. Despite the importance of shift handover, there is no standard handover protocol in our healthcare settings. Methods In this one-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study conducted in spring and summer of 2011, we recruited a convenience sample of 56 ICU nurses. The Nurses’ Safe Practice Evaluation Checklist was used for data collection. The Content Validity Index and the inter-rater correlation coefficient of the checklist was 0.92 and 89, respectively. We employed the SPSS 11.5 software and the Mc Nemar and paired-samples t test for data analysis. Results: Study findings revealed that nurses’ mean score on the Safe Practice Evaluation Checklist increased significantly from 11.6 (2.7 to 17.0 (1.8 (P < 0.001. Conclusion: using a standard handover protocol for communicating patient’s needs and information improves nurses’ safe practice in the area of basic nursing care.
Purpose – The aim of this paper is to explore the driving forces and cost/benefit effects of introducing environmental management systems (EMS) and standards in education and nursing in five of the largest Norwegian cities. The relevant standard is the Eco-Lighthouse program which offers a Norwegian environmental certificate. Design/methodology/approach – Multivariate analyses of data on motivating factors and perceived costs/benefits from reported EMS adoption from a survey going to exe...
Monkerud, Lars Christian; Ytterhus, Bjarne
OBJECTIVE: To explore and describe the implementation of the Royal College of Nursing's approach to audit--the dynamic standard setting system--within the current context of health care, in particular to focus on how the system has developed since its inception in the 1980s as a method for uniprofessional and multiprofessional audit. DESIGN: Qualitative design with semistructure interviews and field visits. SETTING: 28 sites throughout the United Kingdom that use the dynamic standard setting ...
Morrell, C.; Harvey, G.; Kitson, A.
Full Text Available Objective: The objective of this study is to construct the simulated patient training curriculum for OSCE examination for undergraduate nursing students and to explore the theoretical and practical foundation. Methods: To establish TSP training curriculum and SSP training curriculum, 30 experts were invited to finish the questionnaires which were proved by Delphi Method. Findings: We established the training curriculum of TSP and SSP, and set the weight of various curricula and teaching contents. Conclusions: The experts considered that the degree and importance of these two training curricula were comparable. This conclusion lays the foundation for applying these curricula to teaching practice and clinical practice, and enhancing the teaching outcome of undergraduate nursing students. Implications: This study provided a new way of assessing the clinic ability of nursing students.
The purpose of this study is to describe nursing home staff knowledge regarding delirium detection and the most common causes of delirium. Specific aims that guided this study include identifying the rate of nurse recognition of delirium and delirium superimposed on dementia (DSD), including different motoric subtypes of delirium, using standardized case vignettes, and exploring what nursing home staff describe as the potential causes of delirium. The study showed overall poor recognition of ...
Fick, Donna M.; Kolanowski, Ann M.; Hill, Nikki L.; Yevchak, Andrea; Dimeglio, Brittney; Mulhall, Paula M.
Full Text Available As autoras fazem uma reflexão situando o professor de enfermagem nas diferentes abordagens pedagógicas Tradicional, Cognitivista, Comportamentalista, Humanista, e Sócio-Cultural, com o objetivo de analisar sua aplicação no ensino de enfermagem, contribuindo para que o professor reflita sobre sua prática e a exerça de forma criativa e inovadora.This paper reviews important aspects about teaching nursing, in order to give nursing professionals an outline of the present pedagogical approaches (Traditional, Cognitivist, Behaviorist, Humanistic, Sociocultural, so that they can reflect upon their role as educators.
Myriam A. Mandetta Pettengill
This article, the second in a two-part series, details a correlational study that examined the effects of four variables (graduate degrees in nursing education, professional development training in adult learning theory, nursing professional development [NPD] certification, and NPD specialist experience) on the use of adult learning theory to guide curriculum development. Using the Principles of Adult Learning Scale, 114 NPD specialists tested the hypothesis that NPD specialists with graduate degrees in nursing education, professional development training in adult learning theory, NPD certification, and NPD experience would use higher levels of adult learning theory in their teaching practices to guide curriculum development than those without these attributes. This hypothesis was rejected as regression analysis revealed only one statistically significant predictor variable, NPD certification, influenced the use of adult learning theory. In addition, analysis revealed NPD specialists tended to support a teacher-centered rather than a learner-centered teaching style, indicating NPD educators are not using adult learning theory to guide teaching practices and curriculum development. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2014;45(8):xxx-xxx. PMID:25019255
Curran, Mary K
Dimensional metrology is a demanding subject that requires an in-depth knowledge not only of the characteristics of the object of the measurement and the method and system to be used to perform the measurement but also of the standards to followed and strictly respected. This is especially true for surface metrology. The definition of surface, particularly when using optical methods in the measuring process, is a first problem to be understood. From this definition discussion, in our pedagogical approach, we move to the study of the characteristics of light and light/matter/surface interaction. Surface characterization parameters and the main ISO standards are studied. Particular attention is given within the study of the sensing/measuring processes to the definition of uncertainty of a measurement. ISO' Guide of Expression of Uncertainty of a Measurement, GUM, is studied (as well as the VIM). A review of the main optical surface inspection system is made. We believe on the importance of an active student centred learning and on the resource to hands-on experimental practice and therefore all this teaching approach evolves from practical examples and actual experiments and observations.
Costa, Manuel F. M.
This paper presents results of a generalizability assessment of two sets of scales designed to evaluate the quality of verbal and nonverbal interactions between parent and child. The Nursing Child Assessment Feeding Scale (NCAFS) and Nursing Child Assessment Teaching Scales (NCATS) were developed as part of a longitudinal study aimed at…
King, Daniel W.; King, Lynda A.
Accelerating the development of diagnostic reasoning skills for nurse practitioner students is high on the wish list of many faculty. The purpose of this article is to describe how the teaching strategy of problem-based learning (PBL) that drills the hypothetico-deductive or analytic reasoning process when combined with an assignment that fosters pattern recognition (a nonanalytic process) teaches and reinforces the dual process of diagnostic reasoning. In an online Doctor of Nursing Practice program, four PBL cases that start with the same symptom unfold over 2 weeks. These four cases follow different paths as they unfold leading to different diagnoses. Culminating each PBL case, a unique assignment called an illness script was developed to foster the development of pattern recognition. When combined with hypothetico-deductive reasoning drilled during the PBL case, students experience the dual process approach to diagnostic reasoning used by clinicians. PMID:25350904
Durham, Catherine O; Fowler, Terri; Kennedy, Sally
The client that suffered a gastrostomy needs the full attention of a stomaterapist nurse. This support starts with the feeding tube installation and should be followed in homecare attention by motivating the family to take part of this process, giving them the necessary support, teaching how to manage the feeding tube, how to handle it in the process of feeding the client and also the physical and emotional care required in order to prevent difficulties and contributing effectively to the hea...
Vera Lúcia de Castro Périssé; Fátima Helena Espírito Santo
The purpose of this quality improvement project was to determine if the use of standardized insulin orders versus the use of nonstandardized insulin orders improved glucose results in a hospital's critical care unit. A clinical nurse specialist-led interdisciplinary team developed standardized insulin orders with the goal of improving glucose control. Of the 570 patients admitted from July to September 2006, 124 met glucose criteria to use standardized insulin orders. A total of 331 individual glucose results from 16 patients reviewed demonstrated a difference in mean and median when standardized orders were used versus when they were not used to control glucose. A mean glucose of 175 mg/dL and median glucose of 149 mg/dL were the outcomes when standardized insulin orders were used versus a mean glucose of 206 mg/dL and median glucose of 190 mg/dL when standardized orders were not used. System change efforts to improve glucose control resulted in improved staff nurse empowerment, improved provider knowledge of glucose control methods, and improved patient glucose control in this Midwestern hospital. PMID:20404621
Custer, Marvis L
The work of the occupational health nurses at the Pickering Generating Station is described. A staff of two nurses teach first aid and safety, practice an emergency plan, and monitor personnel for minimum health standards for radiation workers. Special attention is paid to problems which might be aggravated by radiation, such as skin complaints, respiratory diseases, emotional stability, or phobias regarding heights, plastic suits, or radiation itself. Procedures used in treating contaminated personnel are outlined.
The work of the occupational health nurses at the Pickering Generating Station is described. A staff of two nurses teach first aid and safety, practice an emergency plan, and monitor personnel for minimum health standards for radiation workers. Special attention is paid to problems which might be aggravated by radiation, such as skin complaints, respiratory diseases, emotional stability, or phobias regarding heights, plastic suits, or radiation itself. Procedures used in treating contaminated personnel are outlined
Full Text Available Background and Aim: Social loafing is the phenomenon of people deliberately exerting less effort to achieve a goal when they work in a group as compared to when they work alone. People who feel they are being treated unfair in an organization would be more likely to show this phenomenon. This study investigated the social loafing among nurses and its relationship with organizational justice in Tohid Hospital in Sanandaj, Iran. Materials and Methods: This was a correlational descriptive-analytical study conducted in 2012. The study population was all nurses working in Tohid Hospital in Sanandaj, Iran. Data were collected using a valid questionnaire. For data analysis SPSS-20 software was used, the descriptive statistics being frequency distribution, mean, standard deviation, and the Spearman, Mann-Whitney, and Kruskal-Wallis tests . Results : The highest organizational justice component was found to be organizational justice (0.086 ± 3.39, and the mean of social loafing was higher in comparison with organizational justice. According to the Spearman test, all organizational justice components had inverse relations with social loafing. Only distributive organizational justice was significantly related to social loafing (p<0.05. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the personnel are highly sensitive to distributive justice and managers need to create the feeling that the organization has a fair distribution of resources. Hospitals should try to minimize the negative effects associated with loafing by creating an environment that discourages social loafing. One way to achieve this goal is to try to impress the personnel by telling them that their functions are important , such that they feel their job is important and that the role of nurses in connection with the patients is of value and significant.
Student success is dependent on effective instruction. Yet, effective teaching is difficult to define and described differently by students, faculty, and administrators. Nursing and dental hygiene education programs require faculty to teach in both classroom and clinical environments. However, accreditation agencies for these programs mandate…
Kimbrough-Walls, Vickie J.
Background Canadian Community health nurses (CHNs) work in diverse urban, rural, and remote settings such as: public health units/departments, home health, community health facilities, family practices, and other community-based settings. Research into specific learning needs of practicing CHNs is sparsely reported. This paper examines Canadian CHNs learning needs in relation to the 2008 Canadian Community Health Nursing Standards of Practice (CCHN Standards). It answers: What are the learning needs of CHNs in Canada in relation to the CCHN Standards? What are differences in CHNs’ learning needs by: province and territory in Canada, work setting (home health, public health and other community health settings) and years of nursing practice? Methods Between late 2008 and early 2009 a national survey was conducted to identify learning needs of CHNs based on the CCHN Standards using a validated tool. Results Results indicated that CHNs had learning needs on 25 of 88 items (28.4%), suggesting CHNs have confidence in most CCHN Standards. Three items had the highest learning needs with mean scores > 0.60: two related to epidemiology (means 0.62 and 0.75); and one to informatics (application of information and communication technology) (mean = 0.73). Public health nurses had a greater need to know about “…evaluating population health promotion programs systematically” compared to home health nurses (mean 0.66 vs. 0.39, p Ottawa Charter of Health Promotion, the Jakarta Declaration, and the Population Health Promotion Model) in practice. Conclusions CHN educators and practice leaders need to consider these results in determining where to strengthen content in graduate and undergraduate nursing programs, as well as professional development programs. For practicing CHNs educational content should be tailored based on learner’s years of experience in the community and their employment sector. PMID:25349531
Healthcare faculty members have come to depend on the advantages of teaching with clinical simulation, but not all faculty are competent in their ability to manage students during the simulation experience. This federally funded proposal provided the opportunity for nursing faculty to participate in a synchronous learning event using the virtual reality world of Second Life (SL). Based on competencies, faculty participants were guided through the simulation process by a "Master Teacher." Participants then became the teacher and chose the settings, objectives, and clinical data to manage their own simulation using avatar role assignments. Feedback populated the participant informatics dashboard, so that progress towards their competencies was recorded. Another unique informatics application was the use of the Synthetic Derivative project to use de-identified patient data to promote better clinical realism. Additional evaluation activities regarding content, appropriate use of the technology, and design features were assessed. The development of the SL environment for this educational study provides the setting in which to pilot test the provision of actual clinical care that does not require "hands-on" interventions. PMID:20841760
Weiner, Elizabeth; McNew, Ryan; Trangenstein, Patricia; Gordon, Jeffry
Full Text Available Based on the concepts of education reform, this paper elaborates the specific process of strategic performance in different language skill areas in New Standard College English intensive reading classroom. By concluding the reflections such as the "triple action" in metacognitive strategies and the grasp of the relationship between “supply” and “demand” in classroom teaching, we aim to explore some effective teaching strategies in College English teaching classroom.
Based on the concepts of education reform, this paper elaborates the specific process of strategic performance in different language skill areas in New Standard College English intensive reading classroom. By concluding the reflections such as the "triple action" in metacognitive strategies and the grasp of the relationship between “supply” and “demand” in classroom teaching, we aim to explore some effective teaching strategies in College English teaching classroom.
The literature on techniques for improving student competency in therapeutic communication and interpersonal skills is limited. A simulation approach to enhance the learning of communication skills was developed to address these issues. Second-semester and senior nursing students participated in videorecorded standardized patient simulations, with senior students portraying the patient. Following simulated interactions, senior students provided feedback to junior students on their use of communication skills and other therapeutic factors. To integrate the learning experience, junior students completed a written assignment, in which they identified effective and noneffective communication; personal strengths and weaknesses; and use of genuineness, empathy, and positive regard. A videorecording of each student interaction gave faculty the opportunity to provide formative feedback to students. Student evaluations have been positive. Themes identified in student evaluations include the impact of seeing oneself, significance of practicing, getting below the surface in communication, and moving from insight to goal setting. PMID:25207556
Miles, Leslie W; Mabey, Linda; Leggett, Sarah; Stansfield, Katie
The internal standard method is widely applied in quantitative analyses. However, most analytical chemistry textbooks either omit this topic or only provide examples of a single-point internal standardization. An experiment designed to teach students how to prepare an internal standard calibration curve is described. The experiment is a modified…
Bellamy, Michael K.
The increased attention for teacher assessment and current educational reforms ask for procedures to develop adequate content standards. For the development of content standards on teaching research skills, a Delphi method based on stakeholders’ judgments has been designed and tested. In three rounds, 21 stakeholders judged and revised content standards. The support for the standards increased over the rounds. The method resulted in nine content standards with a high degree of support and c...
Schaaf, M. F.; Stokking, K. M.; Verloop, N.
Level of development in the nursing profession affects healthcare quality and safety. The nursing profession in Taiwan today faces myriad external pressures such as the global financial crisis and rapidly changing national health insurance policies and social issues. For example, cutbacks in nursing manpower at medical institutions and increasingly difficult healthcare working conditions are increasing nurse workloads and turnover, conflict in the workplace, and difficulties in recruiting new nursing staff. Such negative developments directly and negatively impact professional development, healthcare quality, healthcare safety, and workplace morale. In terms of maintaining and enhancing the quality of new nurses entering the profession, rapid growth in numbers of technology schools and nursing students have severely strained insufficient resources and resulted in teaching quality and education outcomes below expectations. Poor passing rates on the national nursing license examination and increasingly high new nurse turnover are now significant negative factors influencing clinical manpower availability. Imbalances among education, licensing, and hiring clearly and negatively impact nursing professional development and social needs and cause the inefficient allocation of limited education resources. This article discusses and analyzes the causes underlying current imbalances in nurse hiring, licensing, and education. We provide the following suggestions: (1) Integrate education and licensing activities based on professional recruitment considerations to promote nursing competent and manpower stability; (2) revise the focus and content of the national license examination to resolve the current disconnect between license examination and hiring needs; (3) redesign curricula, update teaching material, and adjust teaching methods based on professional competencies in order to resolve key education and recruitment problems. All nursing schools should prepare their students well to pass the license examination in order to resolve the current state of inconsistent educational standards, and (4) train international nursing talent to address and reflect international medical care trends and policies in Taiwan. This paper is intended to serve as reference for both policymakers and professionals in the nursing and healthcare fields. PMID:23034543
Lee, Sheuan; Chang, Ting
In the era of evidence-based practice (EBP), Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) may provide the best evidence of the efficacy of nursing interventions and yet the quality of RCT reporting in nursing literature has not been evaluated. The purposes of this study were to apply the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement to published reports of nursing science, examine how adequately the published reports adhere to the statement, and examine the effect of the adoption of CONSORT on the quality of the RCT published reports. One hundred RCTs from 2002-2005 were identified from 4 nursing journals. Articles were randomly assigned to 4 reviewers and the quality of the published reports was evaluated using a modified CONSORT checklist. There was no difference between the 4 journals in the quality of the published reports of RCTs based on the modified CONSORT checklist employed (F = 1.27, P =.29). The quality of reporting of RCTs improved significantly in the only journal, Nursing Research, to adopt the CONSORT statement during the study period (t =-2.70, P =.01). Adoption of CONSORT is recommended as it may lead to an overall improvement in quality of reporting of RCTs in nursing journals. The profession may also wish to explore the use or development of standards similar to CONSORT but ones more appropriate for the types of research typical of that published by nurse scientists. PMID:18237622
Smith, Barbara A; Lee, Hyeon-Joo; Lee, Ju Hee; Choi, Mona; Jones, Deborah E; Bausell, R Barker; Broome, Marion E
This article presents an overview of an online education offering to improve standards of practice for nurses intervening with tobacco-dependent mentally ill populations. Designed as a pilot study and guided by the theory of reasoned action framework, the pretest-posttest educational program was conducted to examine attitudes and beliefs, knowledge, and intentions to integrate tobacco cessation interventions into practice. Although positive attitudes and beliefs were demonstrated, knowledge gaps continued to exist after the online program. Strengths and challenges of the online education offering are presented with recommendations for future research. PMID:22289399
Amole, Jacques; Heath, Janie; Joshua, Thomas V; McLear, Beth
Educational institutions are under tremendous pressure to adopt the newest technologies in order to prepare their students to meet the challenges of the twenty-first century. For the last twenty years huge amounts of money have been spent on computers, printers, software, multimedia projection equipment, and so forth. A reasonable question is, "Has it worked?" Has this infusion of resources, financial as well as human, resulted in improved learning? Are the students meeting the intended learning goals? Any attempt to develop answers to these questions should include examining the intended goals and exploring the effects of the changes on students and faculty. This project investigated the impact of a specific application of a computer program in a community college setting on students' attitudes and understanding of human anatomy and physiology. In this investigation two sites of the same community college with seemingly similar students populations, seven miles apart, used different laboratory activities to teach human anatomy and physiology. At one site nursing students were taught using traditional dissections and laboratory activities; at the other site two of the dissections, specifically cat and sheep pluck, were replaced with the A.D.A.M.RTM (Animated Dissection of Anatomy for Medicine) computer program. Analysis of the attitude data indicated that students at both sites were extremely positive about their laboratory experiences. Analysis of the content data indicated a statistically significant difference in performance between the two sites in two of the eight content areas that were studied. For both topics the students using the computer program scored higher. A detailed analysis of the surveys, interviews with faculty and students, examination of laboratory materials, and observations of laboratory facilities in both sites, and cost-benefit analysis led to the development of seven recommendations. The recommendations call for action at the level of the institution requiring investment in additional resources, and at the level of the faculty requiring a commitment to exploration and reflective practice.
Bergeron, Valerie J.
Objective: The objective of this study is to construct the simulated patient training curriculum for OSCE examination for undergraduate nursing students and to explore the theoretical and practical foundation. Methods: To establish TSP training curriculum and SSP training curriculum, 30 experts were invited to finish the questionnaires which were proved by Delphi Method. Findings: We established the training curriculum of TSP and SSP, and set the weight of various curricula and teaching conte...
Jie Zheng; Yuejuan Jing; Shujuan Wang; Rui-Hua Jin; Yuzhen Gao
This article embeds a piece of reflective writing and analysis from an undergraduate nursing student about the integration of course content to practice in the nursing of families. Surrounding the reflection of the student, the course professor discusses the content, intent, history, and delivery of the family nursing course and examines how the theory taught is necessarily mirrored in the way it is taught and the ways that students are invited into experiencing and "practicing" the skills, philosophies, theories, and beliefs of nursing families well. PMID:20335497
Moules, Nancy J; Johnstone, Hillary
Introduction: In recent decades, nursing instructors have tended to use simulation rather than traditional methods due to benefits such as increased self-confidence. However, little academic literature is available to verify this claim. The procedure of establishing peripheral venous catheterization in pediatric patients is of great importance. Therefore, the researchers attempted to review the effect of the simulation teaching method on nursing students' self-confidence relate...
Valizadeh, Leila; Amini, Abolghasem; Fathi-azar, Eskandar; Ghiasvandian, Shahrzad; Akbarzadeh, Bahareh
Accelerated baccalaureate nursing programs are in great demand in the United States. Currently there are 197 such programs, but little research has been conducted on student characteristics and program outcomes. This quantitative study explores preferences of second-degree students and traditional generic students with regard to teaching methods and relationships with faculty. The results indicate that statistically significant differences exist between the two groups of students. Three areas of significance are ability for self-directed learning, expectations of faculty and classroom structure, and obtaining a grade that really matters. PMID:17944259
Walker, Jean T; Martin, Tina M; Haynie, Lisa; Norwood, Anne; White, Jill; Grant, LaVerne
Performance of different organizations, such as hospitals is mainly influenced by their managers' performance. Nursing managers have an important role in hospital performance and their managerial skills can improve the quality of the services. Hence, the present study was conducted in order to assess the relationship between the managerial skills and the results of their performance evaluation in Teaching Hospitals of Iran University of Medical Science in 2013. The research used the cross sectional method in 2013. It was done by distributing a managerial skills assessment questionnaire, with close-ended questions in 5 choice Likert scale, among 181 managers and head nurses of hospitals of Iran university of Medical Sciences; among which 131 answered the questions. Another data collection tools was a forms to record evaluation marks from the personnel records. We used Pearson and Spearman correlation tests and SPSS for analysis and description (frequency, mean and standard deviation). Results showed that the managerial skills of the nursing mangers were fair (2.57 out of 5) and the results of the performance evaluation were in a good condition (98.44). The mangers' evaluation results and the managerial skills scores were not in a meaningful correlation (r=0.047 np=0.856). The research showed no correlation between different domains of managerial skills and the performance evaluation marks: decision making skills (r=0.074 and p=0.399), leadership (correlation coefficient 0.028 and p=0.654), motivation (correlation coefficient 0.118 and p=0.163), communication (correlation coefficient 0.116 and p=0.122), systematic thinking (correlation coefficient 0.028 and p=0.828), time management (correlation coefficient 0.077 and p=0.401) and strategic thinking (correlation coefficient 0.041 and p=0.756). Lack of any correlation and relation between managers' managerial skills and their performance evaluation results shows need to a fundamental revision at managers' performance evaluation form. PMID:25716403
Isfahani, Haleh Mousavi; Aryankhesal, Aidin; Haghani, Hamid
Full Text Available Performance of different organizations, such as hospitals is mainly influenced by their managers’ performance. Nursing managers have an important role in hospital performance and their managerial skills can improve the quality of the services. Hence, the present study was conducted in order to assess the relationship between the managerial skills and the results of their performance evaluation in Teaching Hospitals of Iran University of Medical Science in 2013. The research used the cross sectional method in 2013. It was done by distributing a managerial skills assessment questionnaire, with close-ended questions in 5 choice Likert scale, among 181 managers and head nurses of hospitals of Iran university of Medical Sciences; among which 131 answered the questions. Another data collection tools was a forms to record evaluation marks from the personnel records. We used Pearson and Spearman correlation tests and SPSS for analysis and description (frequency, mean and standard deviation. Results showed that the managerial skills of the nursing mangers were fair (2.57 out of 5 and the results of the performance evaluation were in a good condition (98.44. The mangers’ evaluation results and the managerial skills scores were not in a meaningful correlation (r=0.047 np=0.856. The research showed no correlation between different domains of managerial skills and the performance evaluation marks: decision making skills (r=0.074 and p=0.399, leadership (correlation coefficient 0.028 and p=0.654, motivation (correlation coefficient 0.118 and p=0.163, communication (correlation coefficient 0.116 and p=0.122, systematic thinking (correlation coefficient 0.028 and p=0.828, time management (correlation coefficient 0.077 and p=0.401 and strategic thinking (correlation coefficient 0.041 and p=0.756. Lack of any correlation and relation between managers’ managerial skills and their performance evaluation results shows need to a fundamental revision at managers’ performance evaluation form.
Haleh Mousavi Isfahani
Elderly patients on dialysis present a special challenge because they are often unsure of taking their health into their own hands and may be more resistant to self-management. When G.B. started on dialysis, he had little knowledge of what this entailed and self-management was not a concept that he could accept. Assertive communication with caregivers and protective self-management strategies were stressed as he transitioned to the unit. He did not complain to his providers when cannulation became more difficult, perhaps because of what he perceived as negative repercussions (Curtin, Sitter, Schatell, & Chewning, 2004). Reassurance, presence, and explanations were helpful in alleviating G.B.'s fears of speaking up. Communication was critical and required an ongoing effort by the staff. End of life issues common to the elderly patient include establishing an advance directive. G.B. chose a do not resuscitate status. He discussed his wishes with the social worker and though he did not want heroic efforts if he was at his home, he wanted reasonable measures done while at the dialysis center. Therefore, he decided that full resuscitative measures should be instituted. He was not a candidate for transplantation. G.B. presents with many issues familiar to dialysis nurses. On going and ever-changing planning is needed for the patient undergoing any extracorporeal treatment. As the primary contact with the patient the nurse is also the primary communicator with the physician who rounds in the dialysis unit. In addition, problem identification and initiation of referrals makes the nurse the most important connection for the patient on dialysis. This case uses the recently revised standards of care for nephrology nursing and the KDOQI guidelines. The standards support the creativity and decision making needed for individual patients in planning of care (Amato, 2006; Burrows-Hudson & Prowant, 2005) and the KDOQI guidelines substantiate interventions used in caring for G.B. Interpretation of the guidelines for individual patients and families is an important step. Problems for the elderly as they undergo hemodialysis require ongoing assessment and evaluation in order to bridge care from dialysis to end of life. Each of the guidelines offers just that, a guideline for the stages and experiences of the patient on dialysis. PMID:17044443
This study examined perceptions of school nurses about their roles as teachers of sex education for children with physical disabilities. Responses to a stimulus story about a female adolescent sent to the school nurse for assistance and instruction on menarche were compared based on variations in the story. (Author/MT)
Tse, Alice M.; Opie, Nancy D.
Nursing faculty (n=564) and continuing education faculty (n=707) were trained in cultural considerations at the end of life using experiential and role modeling methods. Training included dimensions of culture, cross-cultural communication, beliefs about death and dying, and attributes and skills for culturally competent nursing care. (Contains 25…
Matzo, Marianne LaPorte; Sherman, Deborah Witt; Mazanec, Polly; Barber, Marty Ayers; Virani, Rose; McLaughlin, M. Maureen
The American Nurses Association advocates for nursing professional development (NPD) specialists to have an earned graduate degree, as well as educational and clinical expertise. However, many NPD specialists have limited exposure to adult learning theory (ALT), and this lack of exposure may reduce organizational knowledge transfer (KT) and the…
Curran, Mary K.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Effective health care depends on multidisciplinary collaboration and teamwork, yet little is known about how well medical students and nurses interact in the hospital environment, where physicians-in-training acquire their first experiences as members of the health care team. The objective of this study was to evaluate the quality of interaction between third-year medical students and nurses during clinical rotations. Methods We surveyed 268 Indiana University medical students and 175 nurses who worked at Indiana University Hospital, the School's chief clinical training site. The students had just completed their third year of training. The survey instrument consisted of 7 items that measured "relational coordination" among members of the health care team, and 9 items that measured psychological distress. Results Sixty-eight medical students (25.4% and 99 nurses (56.6% completed the survey. The relational coordination score (ranked 1 to 5, low to high, which provides an overall measure of interaction quality, showed that medical students interacted with residents the best (4.16 and with nurses the worst (2.98; p Conclusion The quality of interaction between medical students and nurses during third-year clinical rotations is poor, which suggests that medical students are not receiving the sorts of educational experiences that promote optimal physician-nurse collaboration. Medical students and nurses experience different levels of psychological distress, which may adversely impact the quality of their interaction.
Cushing Herbert E
Full Text Available The attendance to the domiciliary health resurges as an alternative modality to the model of attention to the health of the country and the professional nurse who acts in this area as commitment and responsibility to improve its knowledge. Thus, this article, is a theoretical reflection on the interface of the standards of the knowledge of nursing identified by Barbara Carper (1978, Munhall (1993, White (1995 and brazilians studious where they point the possibility, importance and relevancy with respect to the area of nursing and in special in domiciliary attendance to the health while caring practice that confers an uneven and particular situation to the inserted client in its domicile. This interface is based on the reciprocity with the well-taken care of being, propitiating learning and growth conditions, in order to contribute for the consolidation of new experiences, enriching the capacity to take care of the nurse, patient and family member.
Maria R Lacerda
Objectives: Accreditation standards and challenges in group work education require competency-based approaches in teaching social work with groups. The Association for the Advancement of Social Work with Groups developed Standards for Social Work Practice with Groups, which serve as foundation competencies for professional practice. However, there…
Macgowan, Mark J.; Vakharia, Sheila P.
Full Text Available La dislalia, mal conocida como trastorno del lenguaje, es sin duda una de las patologías de la comunicación, concretamente del habla, más común en la infancia. A pesar de que en los distintos servicios de salud en los que presta sus cuidados la profesión de enfermería se encuentran niños con estas d [...] ificultades, la formación profesional tanto pre como postgrado es muy deficiente en lo que a patología de la comunicación respecta. Mediante una exhaustiva búsqueda bibliográfica actualizada en la Biblioteca Virtual del Sistema Público de Salud de Andalucía, se pretende dar a conocer los aspectos más relevantes de las dislalias con un objetivo púramente docente, lo que resultará en una mejora en los registros de enfermería, en el uso correcto de la terminología logopédica y en un avance en la coordinación interprofesional, consiguiendo con ello dar calidad e identidad a los cuidados de enfermería. Abstract in english Dyslalia, bad known as a language disorder, is undoubtedly one of the most common childhood speech communication pathologies. Although nursing provide health care to children with these difficulties along different services, pregraduate and postgraduate training regarding communication pathology is [...] very poor. Through an extensive updated searched literature in the Virtual Library System of Andalusia Public Health, is intended to present the most relevant aspects about dyslalia with pure teaching objective with the aim of improving nursing records, getting correct use in speech therapy terminology and achieving quality and identity in providing nursing care.
Álvaro David, Campos Palomo; Laura Deseada, Campos Palomo.
Objectives. To standardize digital rectal examination (DRE) and set how it correlates with the comprehensive evaluation of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Methods. After scaled standardization of DRE based on fingertips graphical schema: 10 cubic centimeters—cc for each fingertip prostate surface area on DRE, four randomly selected senior medical students examined 48 male patients presenting with LUTS in an outpatient clinical setting, totaling 12 DRE each. Standardized DRE, internatio...
Leonardo Oliveira Reis; Antonio Felipe Leite Simão; Jamal Baracat; Fernandes Denardi; Antonio Gugliotta
Full Text Available This study aimed to identify nursing diagnoses and interventions for diseases caused by dermal bullous erysipelas in patients admitted to the Medical Clinic Hospital of Montes Claros. This is a descriptive study of a case study in which data collection was conducted in the first half of 2011, through observation, interview and clinical data of the patients studied. For the nursing diagnosis of the patient, we used the NANDA (North American Nursing Diagnosis Association in which we analyzed their clinical conditions (physiological, biological, and therapeutic. We used an investigative process for the analysis of this disease. After collection, defined by critical points of nursing diagnoses, was drafted plans to improve the nursing care of patient scheduling a care plan to the main diagnoses of the same through the NIC (Nursing Interventions. We conclude that the bullous erysipelas is a serious public health problem in which is a risk factor for worsening of other physiological systems competing for the nursing staff to provide quality care in a more humanized.
Patrick Leonardo Nogueira da Silva
Full Text Available Recent accountability movements in the education world gave rise to standards-based curriculum, which provides a teaching and learning environment with high quality instructional materials. An example to such learning environment is Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA program. This study investigates high school teachers’ perceptions and experiences of CCNA program in their classrooms. 357 high school teachers in the United States who teach in the CCNA program completed an online survey measuring their perceptions about standards-based curriculum and testing. The results show that teachers generally accept standards-based curriculum and testing as a teaching tool, spend less time on student feedback and would like to see some features of the curriculum applied to other regular high school subjects such as mathematics and science.
Hasan Çak?r, Barbara A. Bichelmeyer, Thomas Duffy, Alan Dennis, JoAnne Bunnage
Full Text Available The profession is facing a unique shortage of nursing faculty. Schools of Nursing have always had a shortage of doctorally prepared nursing faculty. The academic norm for faculty teaching in baccalaureate and graduate programs to hold earned doctoral degrees was established later in nursing than for other disciplines. At best, 50% of nursing faculty in such programs have met this academic standard. In addition, the shortage is predicted to escalate in the next decade due to the retirement of a "graying professoriate" of nursing faculty. The shortage of nursing faculty is interwoven with the current national shortage of nurses. The shortage of nurses requires the educational programs of the profession to supply more graduates. But the shortage of nursing faculty will limit student enrollments and likely decrease the number of graduates. Conversely, the shortage of nurses will offer many opportunities and choices to nurses and may decrease the number selecting graduate studies and an academic career, thus contributing to the shortage of nursing faculty The shortage of nursing faculty will also have consequences for the generation of the knowledge base for nursing practice. With a decreased number of individuals to conduct research and the loss of senior investigators through retirement, continuing development of nursing's knowledge base may be curtailed. The shortage of nursing faculty will also limit the professional leaders who are able to shape health policy in the state, national, and international arenas. This article outlines a number of factors influencing the shortage of nursing faculty. Several institutional School of Nursing strategies are suggested for countering the shortage situation. In addition, several national professional and policy strategies are suggested. More creative strategies need to be developed and evaluated by Schools of Nursing and by the profession.
This study aimed to determine the autonomy level of nurses in hospitals affiliated to Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 252 subjects were recruited using systematic random sampling method. The data were collected using questionnaire including Dempster Practice Behavior Scale. For data analysis, descriptive statistics and to compare the overall score and its subscales according to the demographic variables, t-test and analysis of variance test were used. The nurses in this study had medium professional autonomy. Statistical tests showed significant differences in the research sample according to age, gender, work experience, working position and place of work. The results of this study revealed that most of the nurses who participated in the study compared with western societies have lower professional autonomy. More studies are needed to determine the factors related to this difference and how we can promote Iranian nurses' autonomy. PMID:24256084
Amini, Kourosh; Negarandeh, Reza; Ramezani-Badr, Farhad; Moosaeifard, Mahdi; Fallah, Ramezan
The Indiana University School of Nursing uses a definition for critical thinking that is more operational than theoretical. It elaborates defining characteristics for six critical thinking competencies: interpretation, analysis, evaluation, inference, explanation, and self-regulation. (SK)
Dexter, Phyllis; And Others
A situated learning model was applied in a workshop on nursing research in order to provide a multifaceted, engaging learning experience. Techniques used included stories, reflection, cognitive apprenticeship, collaboration, coaching, multiple practice, articulation of learning skills, and technology. (SK)
Gieselman, Janet A.; Stark, Nola; Farruggia, Michael J.
Nurse educators must adjust curricula to meet the dynamic and critical changes in the health care environment, and to recognize the risk of injury our educational approach has on safety, team effectiveness, and culture change. Interprofessional collaboration and simulation are key components in the preparation of our students. Utilizing the interprofessional alliance model, an experience to promote collaborative relationships among nursing and physical therapy (PT) students to improve patient and caregiver safety was developed. Through this model, PT students taught safe patient-handling skills in a simulated setting to undergraduate nursing students. The majority of nursing students (N=351) from 2009–2014 strongly agreed or agreed that they were confident in the skills taught by the PT students and provided an overall course rating of outstanding or above average. This educational model, which includes simulation and safe patient handling, was a valuable addition to the curriculum, reinforcing the significance of developing collaborative relationships. PMID:25494193
von der Lancken, Shelley; Levenhagen, Kim
Incorporating health promotion strategies in practice, and in particular within healthy public policy based on the Ottawa Charter, is widely recognized as within the mandate of nursing, although evidence suggests that nurses are reluctant to take on this role. An innovative strategy was developed to facilitate baccalaureate nursing students' learning about healthy public policy by immersing them in a real-world service-learning experience. Students partnered with a population, assessed the determinants of health, and implemented a population health promotion strategy that included attention to a health policy issue. Students identified strengths and weaknesses of the existing policy and were required to propose recommendations for change that addressed the social justice issues. Students presented their work to faculty, students, and community partners and developed a written position paper on the topic. Students evaluated the service-learning experience as an excellent experiential learning opportunity. PMID:21417191
This article describes a qualitative evaluation of an interprofessional educational experience for nurse practitioner and pharmacy students using standardized patients and physicians role-playing physicians in clinical scenarios. This experience included the development of two clinical scenarios; training of standardized patients, providers, and faculty facilitators; pre-briefing preparation; partial facilitator prompting simulations; and facilitated debriefings. Forty-six students participated in the formative simulation. Small groups of students and faculty facilitators worked through two clinical scenarios that were based on the expected emergence of the patient-centered medical homes. The scenarios incorporated different interprofessional communication modes, including in-person, telephonic, and video-conferencing. Time-in/time-out debriefings were incorporated to provide guidance to students about how to engage in interprofessional collaboration. After completion of the scenarios, facilitated group debriefings allowed for reflection on communication strategies and roles. Immediately following the learning activity, 30 volunteer focus group participants provided comments anonymously in a semi-structured format. Conventional content analysis was used to identify overarching themes. Participants expressed improved understanding of individual roles, increased confidence, and a better sense of interprofessional support. The educational experience themes included the benefits of a realistic nature of the simulation and the need for improved student orientation to roles and expectations prior to the clinical simulations. PMID:25458230
Koo, Laura; Layson-Wolf, Cherokee; Brandt, Nicole; Hammersla, Margaret; Idzik, Shannon; Rocafort, P Tim; Tran, Deanna; Wilkerson, R Gentry; Windemuth, Brenda
Objective: To use 360-degree evaluations within an Observed Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) to assess medical student comfort level and communication skills with intimate partner violence (IPV) patients.Methods: We assessed a cohort of fourth year medical students’ performance using an IPV standardized patient (SP) encounter in an OSCE. Blinded pre- and post-tests determined the students’ knowledge and comfort level with core IPV assessment. Students, SPs and investigators complete...
Heron, Sheryl L.; Ander, Douglas S.; Houry, Debra; Hassani, Dahlia M.; Quest, Tammie
This paper discusses the benefits and limitations of using children's literature in introducing science concepts to young children. The manuscript also provides an overview of preschool science standards of 12 states and presents lists of appropriate children's literature suitable to use in teaching science concepts targeted in those preschool…
Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Flevares, Lucia M.
This report on professional teaching standards in the Central Region examines what K-8 general education teachers are expected to know and be able to do in order to teach English language learner students. It reviews the standards for coverage of six topics that the research literature suggests are important for improving student achievement. Key…
Apthorp, Helen; Wang, Xin; Ryan, Susan; Cicchinelli, Louis F.
Fifty-nine students enrolled in Nursing II at the College of San Mateo completed an assessment tool designed to measure students' perceptions of their knowledge, skills, and understanding in terms of specific course objectives. The assessment instrument consisted of 16 objectives in eight subject areas (basic physical, emotional, and…
Henderson, Frances C.
This study evaluated baccalaureate nursing (n = 35) and allied health care (AHC) (n = 25) students' perceptions of a 5-week Therapeutic Communication (TC) module that was part of their foundations coursework. The module allowed students to practice communication skills using iView[c], an innovative computer-based simulation of clinical encounters.…
Kluge, Mary Ann; Glick, Linda K.; Engleman, Laura L.; Hooper, Jacqueline Savis
Graduate courses in scientific integrity typically cover responsible authorship, conflict of interest, handling of misconduct, data management, and treatment of human and animal subjects. Carefully prepared and used case studies are an appropriate teaching method. (SK)
Macrina, Francis L.; Munro, Cindy L.
Full Text Available Teaching information literacy skills to prepare young adults for the demands of a technologically modern workforce requires collaboration between schools and libraries. Identifying opportunities to build bridges that enable smooth transitions for information literacy learning across content areas, standards, and institutions requires collaboration among librarians. Perspectives and discoveries of four librarians (secondary school, two-year technical college, and an undergraduate, graduate, and post-graduate degree granting university engaged in collaboration are examined. Collaboration resulted in a common framework for teaching information literacy skills designed with the goal of developing academic and workforce competencies including accessing, sorting, evaluating, and incorporating reliable information into daily lives.
Integration of information literacy as a core component into a new online undergraduate nursing course proved to be a learning experience in course design and teaching. This article describes the framework for the course design that combined cultural competency, informatics, and information literacy and was grounded in informatics competencies for nurses at the beginning level, an informatics textbook, and the Neurnan Systems Model. The librarian's role in this process and the information literacy unit's content and written assignment are detailed, and challenges in the collaboration are also addressed. PMID:18844089
Schulte, Stephanie J
Background: The lack of standardization in the nursing special language has been identified as one of the main problems to overcome so that the profession can be recognized as a science.
Maria Miriam Lima da Nóbrega; Telma Ribeiro Garcia; Renata Valéria Nóbrega; Rafaela Teotônio de Melo Araújo 2009-01-01
Maria Miriam Lima da Nóbrega; Telma Ribeiro Garcia; Renata Valéria Nóbrega; Rafaela Teotônio de Melo Araújo
Full Text Available Introducción: antes del 59, Cuba no tenía condiciones para la docencia, esto afectaba tanto a la formación del personal médico como de enfermería, limitando el ejercicio de la futura profesión. Posteriormente la enseñanza en enfermería sufre una gran transformación, con las primeras medidas revoluci [...] onarias: La salud, derecho de todos y deber del Estado. Servicios de salud al alcance de toda la población del país, en nuestra provincia, la tarea de enseñar a los estudiantes de la carrera, le es encomendada a la enfermera Olga Alarcón Ulloa, y es así que surge la primera escuela de enfermería y la primera docente en esta profesión. Objetivo: describir la vida y obra Olga Alarcón Ulloa, pionera de la docencia en enfermería en la provincia pinareña. Método: se realizó una investigación retrospectiva de corte biográfico, se utilizó la revisión documental y la entrevista así como se recogido material testimonial expuesto por la propia enfermera, como métodos empíricos y se aplicó como método científico el histórico lógico Resultados: se logra develar la vida de Olga Alarcón Ulloa, pionera de la docencia en enfermería de la provincia pinareña, como merecido homenaje en vida a quien exaltando los valores más genuinos de la profesión, evidencia en todo momento, la presencia de la enfermera en las luchas por los derechos civiles del pueblo. Conclusiones: el sentido del deber profesional y convicciones patrióticas convirtieron a Olga Alarcón Ulloa en la iniciadora de la docencia en enfermería en Pinar del Río siguiendo su impronta, el futuro de la profesión en la provincia está garantizado. Abstract in english Introduction: before 1959, Cuba did not have any conditions for teaching, which afected the training of medical staff in nursing, limiting the practice of the profession. The teaching of nursing then went through a great tranformation, with the revolutionary measures. Health care: a right for everyo [...] ne and a state duty, health care services to the hand of all the population, in our province, the assignment of teaching the nursing majors was given to Nurse Olga Alarcon Ulloa, and thus the first nursing school and the first teacher appear. Objective: to describe the life and work of Olga Alarcon Ulloa, a pioneer in nursing teaching in Pinar del Río Province. Material and method: a biographical retrospective research was carried out, by means of bibliographiocal research and interview, and the reading of testimony presented by the nurse herself, as empirical methods, and the logical-historical method was used as a scientific method. Results: the life of Olga Alarcon Ulloa was unveiled, a pioneer in nursing teaching in the province, as a deserved tribute to whom, outstanding the most genuine values of the nursing profession, evinces in every moment, the presence of the nurse in the struggles for the civil rights of the people. Conclusions: The sense of professional duty and patriotic convictions made Olga Alarcon Ulloa a pioneer who started nursing teaching in Pinar del Río Province. If her legacy is followed, the future of the profession in the Province is guaranteed.
Maely, Ramírez Rodríguez; Irelis, Ruiz González; Maidely, Mena Ramírez; Dalvis, Naithe Pérez; Honay, Horta Arias.
Full Text Available Objective: To use 360-degree evaluations within an Observed Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE to assess medical student comfort level and communication skills with intimate partner violence (IPV patients.Methods: We assessed a cohort of fourth year medical students’ performance using an IPV standardized patient (SP encounter in an OSCE. Blinded pre- and post-tests determined the students’ knowledge and comfort level with core IPV assessment. Students, SPs and investigators completed a 360-degree evaluation that focused on each student’s communication and competency skills. We computed frequencies, means and correlations.Results: Forty-one students participated in the SP exercise during three separate evaluation periods. Results noted insignificant increase in students’ comfort level pre-test (2.7 and post-test (2.9. Although 88% of students screened for IPV and 98% asked about the injury, only 39% asked about verbal abuse, 17% asked if the patient had a safety plan, and 13% communicated to the patient that IPV is illegal. Using Likert scoring on the competency and overall evaluation (1, very poor and 5, very good, the mean score for each evaluator was 4.1 (competency and 3.7 (overall. The correlations between trainee comfort level and the specific competencies of patient care, communication skill and professionalism were positive and significant (p<0.05.Conclusion: Students felt somewhat comfortable caring for patients with IPV. OSCEs with SPs can be used to assess student competencies in caring for patients with IPV. [West J Emerg Med. 2010; 11(5:500-505.
Heron, Sheryl L
Background: Case-based education has a long history in the disciplines of education, business, law and the health professions. Research suggests that students who learn via acase-based method have advanced critical thinking skills and a greater ability for application of knowledge in practice. In medical education, case-based methodology is widely used to facilitate knowledge transfer from theoretical knowledge to application in patient care. Nursing education has also adopted case-based meth...
Zethu Nkosi; Padmini Pillay; Nokes, Kathleen M.
This is a qualitative research supported by the assistencial convergent modality that aimed to use Wanda Horta’s referential with fifteen nursing students during Clinical Education in Semiology and Semiotchnical at a private college of Curitiba, and to verify the perception of these students concerning this trajectory. The students considered that this practice provided a vision of the patient as a whole, culminating in a theory-practice approach in the related disciplines and facilitating ...
Juliana Helena Montezeli; Kriscie Kriscianne Venturi; Aida Maris Peres; Lilliana Maria Labronici; Mariluci Alves Maftum; Lillian Daisy Gonçalves Wolff
The purpose of this updated manual is to define and describe standardized nursing languages, highlight how nursing languages are a part of the nursing process, and illustrate through case examples how nursing languages are used in school nursing practice. This manual also summarizes the history and development of three nursing classifications, the…
Lack of knowledge and experience is prevalent in undergraduate students who are taking their clinical practicum for mental-health nursing. This issue negatively affects the learning process. This article shares an experience of implementing a practicum-teaching program. This program was developed by the authors to facilitate the cooperative learning and clinical care competence of students. A series of multidimensional teaching activities was designed by integrating the strategies of peer cooperation and creative thinking to promote group and individual learning. Results indicate that the program successfully encouraged the students to participate more actively in the learning process. Additionally, the students demonstrated increased competence in empathetic caring toward patients, stronger friendship relationships with peers, and improved self-growth. The authors hope this teaching program provides a framework to increase the benefits for students of participating in clinical practicums and provides a teaching reference for clinical instructors. PMID:25854950
Huang, Yu-Hsien; Lin, Mei-Feng; Ho, Hsueh-Jen; Chang, Lu-Na; Chen, Shiue
The aim of this research was to determine whether an intensive, nurse-led clinic could achieve recommended vascular risk reduction targets in patients with type 2 diabetes as compared to standard diabetes management.
MacMahon Tone, J
This study aims to verify the communication skills training for nursing students by using a video clip on a smart phone. The study settings were the nursing departments of two universities in South Korea. This study was a quasi-experimental one using a nonequivalent control group pre-posttest design. The experimental and control groups consisted of second-year nursing students who had taken a communication course. The experimental group included 45 students, and the control group included 42 students. The experimental group improved more significantly than the control group in communication competence and emotional intelligence. Using a video clip on a smart phone is helpful for communication teaching method. PMID:25858200
Choi, Yeonja; Song, Eunju; Oh, Eunjung
Full Text Available The goal of this project is to integrate off-the-shelf devices into a tablet for remote control of the standard hospital room environment by individuals with limited mobility. The standard hospital room interface for control of communication and entertainment devices assumes a patient has the ability to hold and press mechanical switches. If the patient does not have these abilities, then the patient must wait for a nurse to walk by the room to ask for help. A mobile device with an adaptable user input device that accommodates the limitations of a patient removes access barriers to communicate and control the hospital room environment.
Kimberly E. Newman
Full Text Available O texto apresenta uma série de reflexões sobre os cuidados de enfermagem a partir de duas perspectivas: o tradicional e o fenomenológico. O enfoque tradicional de assistência, a patologia e os problemas de enfermagem. Em segundo lugar, em termos de abordagem de "cuidado humano" e o processo de cuida [...] do com raízes fenomenológico. Também discute a utilização de elementos e conceituação de cuidar como uma disciplina filosófica sobre currículo e práticas de ensino e de ensino- aprendizagem, que por sua vez, deve refletir-se em uma educação que dá prioridade ao atendimento "humano" e seus processos. Abstract in spanish El texto presenta una serie de reflexiones sobre el cuidado de enfermería desde dos puntos de vista: el tradicional y el fenomenológico. El tradicional centrado en la asistencia, la patología y los problemas de enfermería. El segundo en términos del enfoque de "cuidado humano", y el proceso de cuida [...] r con raíces fenomenológicas. Adicionalmente se analizan los usos de elementos y la conceptualización del cuidado como referente filosófico disciplinar curricular, y las prácticas pedagógicas o de enseñanza-aprendizaje, que a su vez deben reflejarse en una educación que priorice el "cuidado humano" y sus procesos. Abstract in english The article offers a series of reflections on nursing care from two perspectives: traditional and phenomenological. The traditional perspective is centered on assistance, pathology and the problems in nursing. The other focuses on the "humane care" approach and the care process with phenomenological [...] roots. There also is an analysis of the use of elements and the conceptualization of care as a curricular disciplinary philosophical reference, and the didactic or teaching-learning practices that must be reflected, in turn, in education that places a priority on "humane care" and its processes.
Vera Regina, Waldow.
Residents of nursing homes experience a very high rate of pain, in part, because they are more likely to be affected by a variety of painful conditions. In general, pain is also poorly treated among this population, due to residents’ belief that pain is unavoidable as well as poor pain assessment practices, particularly among individuals with limited abilities to communicate. This article describes a study in which pain assessment practices in nursing homes in Muenster, Germany were compare...
Osterbrink, Ju?rgen; Bauer, Zsuzsa; Mitterlehner, Barbara; Gnass, Irmela; Kutschar, Patrick
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Justifica-se a realização da presente pesquisa baseando-se na relevância de serem pontuadas as estratégias das quais a equipe de Enfermagem possa lançar mão de modo a contribuir para o gerenciamento da dor, tendo em vista a pertinência que a dor assume como o 5° sinal vit [...] al. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever quais as intervenções de Enfermagem a serem ensinadas como estratégias para o alívio da dor, de acordo com a percepção dos enfermeiros docentes. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de uma pesquisa descritiva e exploratória com enfoque qualitativo. O cenário foi um Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem e os participantes foram os docentes enfermeiros que lecionaram disciplinas de Enfermagem. Todos os participantes assinaram o Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido. Os dados coletados mediante entrevista semiestruturada gravada em áudio, foram posteriormente organizados em categorias. RESULTADOS: Da análise dos dados coletados emergiu a categoria “O cuidado de Enfermagem como intervenção não farmacológica no gerenciamento da dor”. Constituíram estratégias específicas de atuação da Enfermagem, no processo de ensino dos graduandos, cuidados complementares como a comunicação eficaz, o posicionamento e a mobilização do paciente e apoio com artefatos, somados ao acompanhamento dos seus familiares. CONCLUSÃO:: As intervenções de Enfermagem adotadas como terapias não farmacológicas no gerenciamento da dor constituíram as estratégias utilizadas pelos docentes no processo de ensino. Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study is justified by the relevance of highlighting strategies which may be used by the nursing team to contribute to pain management, considering the importance of pain as the fifth vital sign. This study aimed at describing Nursing interventions to be taught as str [...] ategies for pain relief, according to Nursing professors’ perception. METHODS: This is a descriptive, exploratory and qualitative study. The scenario was a Nursing Graduation Course and participants were Nursing professors teaching Nursing disciplines. All participants have signed the Free and Informed Consent Term. Data collected by means of semi-structured interviews recorded in audio were afterward organized in categories. RESULTS: From data analysis, the category "Nursing care as non-pharmacological intervention to manage pain" has emerged. Specific Nursing action strategies taught during the course were additional care, such as effective communication, patients’ positioning and mobilization and support with artifacts, added to family monitoring. CONCLUSION: Nursing interventions adopted as non-pharmacological therapies to manage pain were the strategies used by professors during the teaching process.
Flávia Alves Ribeiro, Romanek; Maria do Carmo Querido, Avelar.
Few research studies have been conducted related to inquiry-based scientific teaching methodologies and NCLB-required state testing. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the strategies used by seventh-grade science teachers in Illinois and student scores on the Illinois Standards Achievement Test (ISAT) to aid in determining best practices/strategies for teaching middle school science. The literature review defines scientific inquiry by placing teaching strategies on a continuum of scientific inquiry methodologies from No Inquiry (Direct Instruction) through Authentic Inquiry. Five major divisions of scientific inquiry: structured inquiry, guided inquiry, learning cycle inquiry, open inquiry, and authentic inquiry, have been identified and described. These five divisions contain eight sub-categories: demonstrations; simple or hands-on activities; discovery learning; variations of learning cycles; problem-based, event-based, and project-based; and student inquiry, science partnerships, and Schwab's enquiry. Quantitative data were collected from pre- and posttests and surveys given to the participants: five seventh grade science teachers in four Academic Excellence Award and Spotlight Award schools and their 531 students. Findings revealed that teachers reported higher inquiry scores for themselves than for their students; the two greatest reported factors limiting teachers' use of inquiry were not enough time and concern about discipline and large class size. Although the correlation between total inquiry and mean difference of pre- and posttest scores was not statistically significant, the survey instrument indicated how often teachers used inquiry in their classes, not the type of inquiry used. Implications arose from the findings that increase the methodology debate between direction instruction and inquiry-based teaching strategies; teachers are very knowledgeable about the Illinois state standards, and various inquiry-based methods need to be stressed in undergraduate methods classes. While this study focused on the various types of scientific inquiry by creating a continuum of scientific inquiry methodologies, research using the continuum needs to be conducted to determine the various teaching styles of successful teachers.
Jernnigan, Laura Jane
Nurses must demonstrate leadership and followership competencies within complex adaptive team environments to ensure patient and staff safety, effective use of resources, and an adaptive health care system. These competencies are demonstrated through the use of communication strategies that are embedded within a relational practice. Health care professionals, regardless of formal position, need to assert their opinions and perspectives using a communication style that demonstrates value of all team members in open discussions about quality patient care, appropriate access, and stewardship. Challenges to effective communication and relational practice are the individual and organizational patterns of behavior, and the subsequent impact that these behaviors have on others. Students articulate situational awareness when they conduct a critical analysis of individual, team, and organizational functioning, and then use this information and evidence gained from a critical literature review to develop recommendations to improve individual, team, and/or organizational performance. Leadership and followership simulation exercises, inclusive of public feedback and debriefing, are used as a pedagogical/andragogical strategy in a nursing baccalaureate senior leadership course to facilitate learning of team communication skills and improve situational awareness. We view this strategy as an alternative to traditional classroom learning activities which provide little opportunity for recursive learning. PMID:25017299
Pollard, Cheryl L; Wild, Carol
This article presents a new approach to student nurses' learning from their interaction with psychiatric patients. Using the approach can enable students and mentors to exploit students' learning opportunities, and help students to get the most out of their clinical placement in a time, where that part of the nursing education has been reduced in some countries as e.g. Denmark. The approach is presented through a model termed the ‘Windmill of Learning Processes’, which draws on empirical data from a qualitative investigation with an explorative and descriptive design, and on the theoretical concepts of ‘disjuncture’, and ‘everyday life activities’. ‘Disjuncture’ is defined as a situation in which there is disharmony between a person's experiences and the current situation. In such a situation there is potential for learning. My analysis of the empirical data led to the identification of a new concept, which I have labelled ‘collective not-conscious disjuncture’. This is when the student and the mentor are both unaware that the student is operating in a potential learning situation. ‘Everyday life activities’ are seen as activities that are known to succeed in specific situations, because they have done so in similar situations. I have expanded upon the concept to define another phenomenon, which I have coined ‘pseudo-everyday life activities’. These closely resemble everyday life activities, but take place in a psychiatric context. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved
Ensino do cuidado de enfermagem em saúde mental na graduação em enfermagem / Teaching nursing care in mental health in undergraduate nursing / Enseñanza del cuidado de enfermería en salud mental en el pregrado en enfermería
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar o ensino do cuidado de enfermagem em saúde mental por intermédio dos conteúdos dos Projetos Pedagógicos e Planos de Ensino dos Cursos de Graduação em Enfermagem do Estado de Santa Catarina, no período de 2009 e 2010. MÉTODOS: Pesquisa qualitativa, do tipo descritivo e exploratório [...] , tendo como técnica de coleta de dados a análise documental, realizada no período de novembro/2009 e janeiro/ 2010 com as 26 Coordenações dos Cursos de Graduação em Enfermagem de Santa Catarina. RESULTADOS: O cuidado de enfermagem em saúde mental está presente nos conteúdos das disciplinas/módulos de 20 cursos. O conteúdo do cuidado demonstrou contradição sobre qual paradigma rege seu ensino nesses cursos. CONCLUSÃO: O ensino do cuidado de enfermagem em saúde mental avança em um campo de conhecimento em construção, composto por diferentes núcleos de saber-fazer sobre um conceito ampliado de saúde/saúde mental multideterminado. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Analizar la enseñanza del cuidado de enfermería en salud mental por intermedio de los contenidos de los Proyectos Pedagógicos y Planes de Enseñanza de los Cursos de Pregrado en Enfermería del Estado de Santa Catarina, en el período de 2009 y 2010. MÉTODOS: Investigación cualitativa, de tip [...] o descriptivo y exploratorio, teniendo como técnica de recolección de datos el análisis documental, realizada en el período de noviembre/2009 y enero/2010 con las 26 Coordinaciones de los Cursos de Pregrado en Enfermería de Santa Catarina. RESULTADOS: El cuidado de enfermería en salud mental está presente en los contenidos de las disciplinas/módulos de 20 cursos. El contenido del cuidado demostró contradicción sobre cuál paradigma rige su enseñanza en esos cursos. CONCLUSIÓN: La enseñanza del cuidado de enfermería en salud mental avanza en un campo del conocimiento en construcción, compuesto por diferentes núcleos de saber-hacer sobre un concepto ampliado de salud/salud mental multideterminado. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To analyze the teaching of nursing care in mental health through the contents for Educational Projects and Teaching Plans for Undergraduate Nursing Courses in the state of Santa Catarina, in the period of 2009 and 2010. METHODS: Qualitative, descriptive and exploratory research, using the [...] technique of data collection by document analysis, conducted between November/2009 and January/2010 with 26 Coordinators for Undergraduate Courses in Nursing in Santa Catarina. RESULTS: Nursing care in mental health is present in the content of the disciplines / modules of 20 courses. The content of care demonstrated contradiction about which paradigm governed the teaching of these courses. CONCLUSION: The teaching of nursing care in mental health progresses in a field of knowledge in construction, composed of different nuclei of knowing - doing about a broader multidetermined concept of health / mental health.
Jeferson, Rodrigues; Silvia Maria Azevedo dos, Santos; Jonas Salomão, Spriccigo.
A tabletop simulation was developed as a patient safety activity that involved checking in a patient admitted to a psychiatric care unit. Students were second-degree (n = 79) and traditional (n = 53) BSN students. They were given suitcases or backpacks containing various items, and following a fictional hospital policy, they had to decide whether to give the items to the patient, place them in a secured area, or send them to the pharmacy or security personnel. The activity was evaluated using the Simulation Effectiveness Tool (SET) and two open-ended questions. Students reported that they found the simulation to be enjoyable and a good learning experience. Checking in a patient's belongings is not an activity students typically perform, but the simulation can help prepare them for situations they will experience in the workplace. This inexpensive activity can easily be adapted for staff orientation and competencies. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 52(8), 39-44.]. PMID:24972383
Masters, Joan C; Kane, Mary Frances; Pike, Mary Ellen
Full Text Available This study was conducted to identify standards related to the objectives, content, learning-teaching process, evaluation, practice teacher and university practice teacher dimensions of the teaching practice curriculum and their actualization level in light of the standards-based evaluation model. The study follows the singular descriptive model and its population comprises practicing teacher candidates and university practice teachers from education faculties located in the Eastern and Southeastern Turkish provinces of Elaz??, Erzincan, Erzurum, Diyarbak?r, Malatya and A?r?, and practice teachers working at Directorates of National Education in these provinces. The “simple random sampling method” was used in the study and 1,392 of the 2,075 individuals in the population were included in the sample. A 95-item scale was designed by the researchers to be used as the data collection tool. After completing the several stages of the scale development process, a pilot study was conducted on 312 candidate teachers using the draft scale consisting of 134 draft standards. The pilot study showed that the reliability coefficients of the study were Cronbach Alpha=.979, Bartlett= 59501.482 (p=0.000 and df= 17955 and Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin (KMO=.850 and the load factor values of the scale was over .45. In addition, the test retest, parallel test and split half test reliability analyses of the scale were also made. The data were analyzed by using frequency and percentage, arithmetic mean, and standard deviation techniques. As a result of the study, a total of 95 standards were identified, 16 of which were in the objectives dimension, 15 in the content dimension, 14 in the learning-teaching process dimension, 14 in the evaluation dimension, 18 in the practice dimension, and 18 in the practice teacher dimension. It was also found that the standards in the objectives, content, evaluation and university practice teacher dimensions were actualized “Partially”, while those in the learning-teaching process and practice teacher dimensions were actualized “Fairly”.© 2013 IOJES. All rights reserved
The purpose of the study was to develop a Short-Form Chinese version of the Health and Safety Executive's Management Standards Indicator Tool that can be used to measure work-related stress among nurses in Taiwan. Three subscales (supportive climate, role perception, and workload) were developed from an exploratory factor analysis. The three-factor confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the model fit the data well. The evidence based on convergent validity was supported by a significant correlation between the Short-Form Chinese version of the Health and Safety Executive's Management Standards Indicator Tool and the job satisfaction subscale of the Chinese Patient Safety Attitude Questionnaire. Cronbach's ? values demonstrated internal item consistency for the Short-Form Chinese version of the Health and Safety Executive's Management Standards Indicator Tool. PMID:24371041
Kao, Chia-Chan; Wang, Ruey-Hsia; Ying, Jeremy C; Lin, Yu-Hua; Chang, Feng-Yi; Chen, Kuei-Ying
Full Text Available Abstract: The teaching of English in Indonesia has so far been unable to reach its declared goal, which is the students' mastery of the English macro skills listening, speaking, reading, writing. Various factors have certainly contributed to this failure, but the highly centralized curriculum has been one of the many to be blamed for it. The new system of regional autonomy gives ample opportunity to schools/ regions to develop their own curricula. This will lead to the need for the establishment of standard of English to ensure the achievement of the ultimate goal of teaching English throughout the country. This paper suggests that the development of standards for English should involve as many parties concerned as possible, including EFL teachers, EFL teacher educators, and users of school graduates. Another suggestion made related to the aspects to be covered in the standards, namely (1 the qualification of EFL policy makers, EFL teacher educators, and EFL teachers; (2 class size, (3 facilities and equipment, and (4 assessment and evaluation.
...HOMES Standards § 51.130 Nursing services. The facility management must provide an organized nursing service with a sufficient number...nursing home. (d) The facility management must provide nursing services to ensure that...
Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish OBJETIVO: Caracterizar la proporción en que se proyecta la utilización de los diferentes escenarios de formación docente-asistencial en los territorios del país para la carrera de Licenciatura en Enfermería. MÉTODOS: Se analizó y aprobó en los colectivos de asignatura de la disciplina Enfermería de [...] los diferentes centros de formación del país (CEMS) una propuesta de distribución en escenarios de atención primaria (APS) y secundaria (hospitales) del fondo de tiempo de educación en el trabajo que aparece en los programas propuestos por la Comisión Nacional de Carrera (CNC). RESULTADOS: Se aprecia heterogeneidad en la distribución de horas propuesta por los diversos CEMS para las asignaturas consultadas, aunque en todas, la mayoría de los CEMS -y en algunos casos, la totalidad- reconoce el hospital como escenario principal para la formación de enfermeros, tanto de nivel técnico como profesional. Varios centros no se pronunciaron sobre las actividades de educación en el trabajo en el período interencuentros, lo que debe ser objeto de análisis ulterior, por la importancia que se atribuye a esa parte de la formación en la estrategia del plan de estudio. CONCLUSIONES: Los profesores de estos colectivos de asignatura identifican al hospital como escenario preferencial para la formación. Se requieren otras investigaciones para buscar una caracterización de los factores asociados a la falta de proyección del tiempo de educación en el período interencuentros por algunas asignaturas y centros. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To characterize the ratio in which the use of different scenarios of teaching-assisting training in all the country for the Nursing Degree career is planned. METHODS: A proposal of distribution of primary care scenarios (PCS) and secondary (hospitals) of the education time reservoir in th [...] e tasks appearing in the programs proposed by the National Commission of Career (NCC) was analyzed and approved. RESULTS: There is heterogeneity in the hours distribution proposed the different NCCs for the looked up subjects, although in all of them, most of the NCCs _ and in some cases the total, recognize the hospital as the main scenario to nurses training at technical and professional level. Some institutions don't gave opinion on the work education activities during the inter-meetings period, which must to be subsequently analyzed due to significance of that part of the training in the study plan strategy. CONCLUSIONS: Professors of these subject staff identify the hospital like the training preferential scenario. Other researchers are needed to find a characterization of factors associated with the lack of projection of education time during the inter-meeting period by some subjects and centers.
Marta, Pernas Gómez; Magdalena, Zubizarreta Estévez; Maritza, Leyva Hidalgo.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar la proporción en que se proyecta la utilización de los diferentes escenarios de formación docente-asistencial en los territorios del país para la carrera de Licenciatura en Enfermería. MÉTODOS: Se analizó y aprobó en los colectivos de asignatura de la disciplina Enfermería de los diferentes centros de formación del país (CEMS una propuesta de distribución en escenarios de atención primaria (APS y secundaria (hospitales del fondo de tiempo de educación en el trabajo que aparece en los programas propuestos por la Comisión Nacional de Carrera (CNC. RESULTADOS: Se aprecia heterogeneidad en la distribución de horas propuesta por los diversos CEMS para las asignaturas consultadas, aunque en todas, la mayoría de los CEMS -y en algunos casos, la totalidad- reconoce el hospital como escenario principal para la formación de enfermeros, tanto de nivel técnico como profesional. Varios centros no se pronunciaron sobre las actividades de educación en el trabajo en el período interencuentros, lo que debe ser objeto de análisis ulterior, por la importancia que se atribuye a esa parte de la formación en la estrategia del plan de estudio. CONCLUSIONES: Los profesores de estos colectivos de asignatura identifican al hospital como escenario preferencial para la formación. Se requieren otras investigaciones para buscar una caracterización de los factores asociados a la falta de proyección del tiempo de educación en el período interencuentros por algunas asignaturas y centros.OBJECTIVE: To characterize the ratio in which the use of different scenarios of teaching-assisting training in all the country for the Nursing Degree career is planned. METHODS: A proposal of distribution of primary care scenarios (PCS and secondary (hospitals of the education time reservoir in the tasks appearing in the programs proposed by the National Commission of Career (NCC was analyzed and approved. RESULTS: There is heterogeneity in the hours distribution proposed the different NCCs for the looked up subjects, although in all of them, most of the NCCs _ and in some cases the total, recognize the hospital as the main scenario to nurses training at technical and professional level. Some institutions don't gave opinion on the work education activities during the inter-meetings period, which must to be subsequently analyzed due to significance of that part of the training in the study plan strategy. CONCLUSIONS: Professors of these subject staff identify the hospital like the training preferential scenario. Other researchers are needed to find a characterization of factors associated with the lack of projection of education time during the inter-meeting period by some subjects and centers.
Marta Pernas Gómez
Ensino de Graduação em Enfermagem: a contribuição da Associação Brasileira de Enfermagem Enseñanza de Graduación en Enfermería: la contribuición de la Asociación Brasilera de Enfermería Teaching in Undergraduate Nursing: the contribution of Brazilian Nursing Association
Full Text Available O presente estudo apresenta algumas das ações mais relevantes da Associação Brasileira de Enfermagem para com o processo de formação da(o enfermeira(o, no país, contextualizando essas ações com o momento histórico em que elas aconteceram. Nesse sentido, o estudo se constitui, não só, numa produção de conhecimento na área, mas também num elemento de registro da história do ensino de graduação em enfermagem no Brasil, oferecendo instrumentos de análise para a situação atual desse ensino. O texto destaca as contribuições da ABEn no processo de formação da enfermeira, na construção e sustentabilidade das Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais do Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem.El presente estudio presenta algunas de las acciones más relevantes de la Asociación Brasileña de Enfermería para con el proceso de formación del (de la enfermero(a, en el país, contextualizando esas acciones con el momento historico en que ellas acontecieron. En ese sentido, el estudio se constituye, no sólo, en una producción de conocimiento en el área, pero también en un elemento de registro de la historia de la enseñanza de graduación en enfermería en el Brasil, ofreciendo instrumentos de análisis para la situación actual de esa enseñanza. El texto señala las contribuciones de la ABEn en el proceso de formación de la enfermería, en la construcción y sustentabilidad de las Directrices Curriculares Nacionales para la Graduación en Enfermería.The present study shows some of the most relevant actions of the Brazilian Association of Nursing in favor of the education process of the nursing professionals in Brazil, contextualizing those actions in the historical moment in which they occurred. In this manner, the study represents not only production of knowledge in the field, but also an element of record of the history of undergraduate nursing teaching in Brazil, offering instruments of analysis of the current situation of this teaching. The text highlights the contributions of the Brazilian Association of Nursing (ABEn in the education process of the nursing professionals, and in the elaboration and sustainability of the National Curricular Guidelines of the Undergraduate Nursing Course.
Eucléa Gomes Vale
To explore the usefulness of narrative nursing records documented using a standardized terminology-based electronic nursing records system, we conducted three different studies on (1) the gaps between the required nursing care time and the actual nursing care time, (2) the practice variations in pressure ulcer care, and (3) the surveillance of adverse drug events. The narrative nursing notes, documented at the point of care using standardized nursing statements, were extracted from the clinic...
Park, Hyeoun-ae; Cho, Insook; Ahn, Hee-jung
Instrumentos para la enseñanza del proceso enfermero en la práctica clínica docente con enfoque de autocuidado utilizando Nanda-Nic-Noc / Tools for teaching nurses in clinical teaching with the focus on Nanda-Nic-Noc
Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La herramienta metodológica en la práctica científica de enfermería es el Proceso Enfermero, el cual nos permite emplear como método de resolución de problemas el pensamiento crítico, el uso de esta metodología ha venido a dar autonomía a la profesión y su uso es determinante en la práctica clínica [...] y la docencia. Objetivo: Desarrollar habilidades en la implementación desarrollo y evaluación de un diseño de enfermería con enfoque de Autocuidado, en la utilización de las taxonomías NANDA, NIC NOC. Metodología. Se analizó la Teoría del Déficit de Autocuidado y las etapas del Proceso Enfermero, se construyeron dos instrumentos: 1) Razonamiento diagnóstico: incluye las etapas de valoración y diagnóstico, y 2) Plan de cuidados: comprende las etapas de planificación, ejecución y evaluación del proceso enfermero. Resultados. Los instrumentos se aplicaron durante la práctica clínica de las áreas de Materno infantil, Adulto Mayor y Enfermería Comunitaria, participaron estudiantes y docentes, previo curso taller que incluyó: Teoría general del Autocuidado, Taxonomías NANDA, NIC, NOC y estructura y llenado de los instrumentos, los casos clínicos se presentaron en un foro al final de la práctica clínica. Conclusiones: los instrumentos se consideraron recursos que facilitan la enseñanza del PE en los estudiantes de enfermería que están incorporándose a las prácticas clínicas. Abstract in english The metodological tool for the scientific practice of nursing is the Nursing Process, which enables critical thinking in solving problems. The use of this methodology has bestowed autonomy on the profession and its use is important in clinical practice and teaching. Aim: To develop skills in implant [...] ing, developing and assessing a nursing design with the focus on self-care using NANDA NIC NOC. Methodology: The Self-Care Defecit Theory and the stages of the Nursing Process were analysed and two tools were constructed: 1) Diagnostic Reasoning, which includes valoration and diagnosis; 2) Care Plan: the planning, execution and assessment of the Nursing Process. Results: The tools were applied to clinical practice in the areas of Mother-child, Older Adults and Community Nursing. Students and teachers participated after following a workshop course on General Theory of Self-Care, NANDA, NIC, NOC Taxonomies and structure and content of the tools, Clinical cases were presented in a final forum on clinical practicea. Conclusions: The tools were considered to be resources that help in teaching the NP to students of nursing beginning to work in clinical practices.
S.H., González Sara; N.E., Moreno Pérez.
Full Text Available Nurse educators are considering the inclusion of complementary and alternative therapies in nursing curricula with increasing frequency, motivated at least in part by the ever-increasing public enthusiasm for these therapies. This article addresses the differing paradigms between orthodox Western medicine and complementary and alternative therapies, describing the research, language, educational, legal , financial, and ethical issues related to the use of complementary and alternative therapies. Additionally, it presents sources of current standards, along with examples of teaching these therapies at the undergraduate, graduate and continuing education levels and suggests strategies for teaching these therapies.
All couples should have the ability to decide how many children to have and when to have them. Nurses represent the critical link between the health system and communities, sharing family planning methods and information that can help women time and space their pregnancies. This information is often a matter of life and death for women and children. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends an interval of 24 months between childbirth and subsequent pregnancy in order to reduce the ris...
Manju Chhugani; Jha, P.; Kl, Caine
The steady evolution of domestic industries and the continued expansion of the workforce have outdated Taiwan's traditional model of occupational health nursing, which focuses on preventing work-related diseases and ensuring workplace safety. Professional-competency evaluations, now widely used within the medical and other professional communities to confirm that individuals have mastered relevant knowledge and skills, are a fixture in service quality management and related strategies. Occupational health nurses have a critical role in promoting and ensuring the quality of occupational-health related services. A multifaceted strategy is needed to update the domestic model of occupational health nursing. This strategy should include: 1) Set professional standards and create standard teaching materials for national occupational health nurses; 2) Enhance the professional efficacy of nurses in this field; 3) Survey the relevant role functions and education/training needs of occupational health nurses; 4) Develop relevant elective courses; and 5) Format courses/curricula for e-learning and for multimedia platforms. Furthermore, after implementation of this strategy, the model should be evaluated in terms of the knowledge and skills acquired by occupational health nurses. It is hoped that by reflecting local needs and experiences this new model will update the field of occupational health nursing to meet the needs of the current and future workplace in Taiwan and increase nursing knowledge and skills in order to foster and sustain healthy workplace environments. PMID:24899556
Full Text Available The South African education and training system, through its policy of outcomesbased education and training, has made competency a national priority. In compliance to this national requirement of producing competent learners, the South African Nursing Council ( 1999 B require that the beginner professional nurse practitioners and midwives have the necessary knowledge, skills, attitudes and values which will enable them to render efficient professional service. The health care system also demands competent nurse practitioners to ensure quality in health care. In the light of competency being a national priority and a statutory demand, the research question that emerges is, how competent are the newly qualified registered nurses from a specific nursing college in clinical nursing education? A quantitative, non-experimental contextual design was used to evaluate the competence of newly qualified registered nurses from a specific nursing college. The study was conducted in two phases. The first phase dealt with the development of an instrument together with its manual through the conceptualisation process. The second phase focused on the evaluation of the competency of newly qualified nurses using the instrument based on the steps of the nursing process. A pilot study was conducted to test the feasibility of the items of the instrument. During the evaluation phase, a sample of twenty-six newly qualified nurses was selected by simple random sampling from a target population of thirty-six newly qualified registered nurses. However, six participants withdrew from the study. Data was collected in two general hospitals where the newly qualified registered nurses were working. Observation and questioning were used as data collection techniques in accordance with the developed instrument. Measures were taken to ensure internal validity and reliability of the results. To protect the rights of the participants, the researcher adhered to DENOSA’S (1998:2.2.1 ethical standards of research. A descriptive statistical method of data analysis was used in this study. Findings revealed that newly qualified registered nurses were not competent. The highest score obtained was 51 % and the lowest score was 22% with an average score of 34.05%. The results concerning the implementation of the phases of the nursing process indicated that participants were fairly competent in terms of knowledge, skills, attitudes and values of assessment. Participants had very little knowledge of nursing diagnosis and were not competent on the skills of diagnosis. Participants lacked basic knowledge, skills, attitudes and values of the nursing process. They lacked critical thinking skills in their approach to providing quality patient care. The recommendations of the study relate to improving the system of clinical accompaniment, reviewing the clinical facilities where learners are allocated, reviewing the implementation of the curriculum, the methods of teaching and the quality assurance mechanisms that are in place. Further research is recommended on competence of newly qualified registered nurses at other nursing colleges or similar context.
Full Text Available O presente artigo de revisão de literatura traz referências pedagógicas para a implantação de um projeto de ensino por competências para a formação de enfermeiros, destacando as bases de sustentação deste projeto e o modelo formativo de avaliação.El artículo presenta referencias pedagógicas para la implantation de um proyecto de enseñanza por competência para la formación de enfermeras, destacando las bases de sustentar este proyecto y el modelo de formación cualitativa.The present literature review introduces pedagogical references for the implantation of a teaching by competences project to the nursing education, emphasizing the support of this project and the formative model of evaluation.
Edvane Birelo Lopes De Domenico
Using existing gold standard structures to manage "handover" was a conceptual communication challenge for nurses involved in critically important shift-to-shift transitions in this study, which was conducted at a Central Coast California District Hospital. An extensive body of literature identifies poor communication as jeopardizing patient safety, quality, and continuity of care. Researchers who used the prevailing structures, Situation-Background-Assessment-Recommendation (SBAR), used by the World Health Organization (WHO), and the Communication During Patient Handover (CDPH), sanctioned by The Joint Commission (TJC), had difficulty categorizing content described by nurses as necessary to the delivery of competent care. This article describes a study that resulted in an alternative structure for handover, D-BANQ, which aligns with prevailing WHO-SBAR and TJC-CDPH handover structures and provides an easy-to-follow chronological format for the content that nurses identified as necessary to communicate during this important nursing activity. PMID:22356245
Adams, Jeffrey M; Osborne-McKenzie, Tanya
Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción. Los procesos de acreditación, necesarios en el actual escenario de la educación, requieren una descripción de los conceptos de calidad como un parámetro básico desde donde se deriven dimensiones e indicadores evaluables. Tomando en cuenta la polisemia del concepto de calidad, parece ar [...] riesgado que las descripciones de dicho concepto se generen de forma arbitraria. Respondiendo a este riesgo y carencia de conceptos, el objetivo del presente estudio cualitativo es generar colectivamente una conceptualización de calidad de la docencia en enfermería. Sujetos y métodos. El surgimiento de conceptos que implica este estudio se logra a partir de la utilización de la teoría fundamentada. Las percepciones se obtuvieron mediante entrevistas en profundidad y grupos focales a docentes, estudiantes y licenciadas de enfermería, más el análisis recursivo de los datos obtenidos. Resultados. Los elementos constituyentes de la conceptualización de la calidad de la docencia en enfermería incluyen, entre otros: valores del docente, habilidades de comunicación interpersonal docente-estudiante, características particulares del modelamiento del quehacer enfermero y metodologías de enseñanza en enfermería. Conclusiones. Al obtener la conceptualización de la calidad de la docencia en enfermería desde las percepciones de los propios actores, su utilización en procesos de acreditación y evaluación (y en los cambios consecuentes que se puedan generar a partir de ello) podría ser aceptada de mejor forma por los mismos actores. Esto ayudaría, a su vez, a fortalecer los fundamentos de la disciplina. Abstract in english Introduction. Accreditation processes, necessary as they are for the actual stage of education, require a description of quality concept as the basic parameter from which dimension and valuable indicators are to be derived. Considering the polysemy of the concept of quality, it seems risky that desc [...] riptions of such a concept were generated arbitrarily. Responsive to this risk and conceptual deficiency, the purpose of this qualitative study is to collectively generate a quality conceptualization of nursing teaching. Subjects and methods. The emergence of concepts that the study reveals is accomplished by the application of grounded theory method. The reported perceptions were obtained in substantive interviews and focus groups teachers, students and Nursing graduated students, and the recursive analysis of the data. Results. The constitutive elements of Nursing teaching quality conceptualization includes, among others: values of Nursing teachers; abilities of interpersonal communication between teacher and student; particulars characteristics of modelling the Nursing work; and methodologies of teaching in Nursing. Conclusions. As we obtain the quality conceptualization in Nursing teaching from the perspective of the actors involved, its application in accreditation and evaluation processes (and the consequent changes generated from these), could be accepted in a better way by the same actors. And this could reinforced the foundations of the discipline.
Full Text Available All couples should have the ability to decide how many children to have and when to have them. Nurses represent the critical link between the health system and communities, sharing family planning methods and information that can help women time and space their pregnancies. This information is often a matter of life and death for women and children. The World Health Organization (WHO recommends an interval of 24 months between childbirth and subsequent pregnancy in order to reduce the risk of adverse maternal, perinatal, and infant outcomes.
THIS FINAL REPORT PROVIDES A BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DIALECTAL PROBLEMS INVOLVED IN THE PREPARATION OF "INTRODUCTION TO THE DACCA DIALECT OF BENGAL." (SEE ED 012 047.) THE AUTHOR PRESENTS HIS JUSTIFICATION FOR BASING THESE TEACHING MATERIALS ON A MODIFIED FORM OF BENGALI AS SPOKEN IN EAST PAKISTAN, WHICH IS DISTINGUISHED FROM STANDARD COLLOQUIAL…
DIMOCK, EDWARD C., JR.
Full Text Available The development of academic training in Romania is a must for our country to adapt to the European Union professional standards. The article makes reference to the late evolution of English for Special Purposes (ESP training in several universities in the country and to the case-study of ESP learning in the Academy of Economic Studies in Bucharest. English for Special Purposes is an academic subject based on the long-term professional and social needs of the specialised labor force in market economy. Its authentic content and learning/teaching tasks are selected and adapted to the curriculum subjects that the students attend to make their access autonomous to original professional sources.
Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Durante la segunda mitad del siglo XX se ha venido dando en la investigación científica y en la disciplina de enfermería un debate respecto de las diferencias y bondades de los métodos de investigación cualitativos y cuantitativos. El propósito de este artículo es analizar como se han ido desarrolla [...] ndo los abordajes cualitativos y cuantitativos en la enseñanza de investigación en los distintos niveles de formación en enfermería. La revisión bibliográfica relativa a esta temática publicada permite observar que existe separación entre abordajes metodológicos cualitativo y cuantitativo en la enseñanza de la investigación en enfermería en todos los niveles de formación. Se registran esfuerzos por articular ambos abordajes particularmente en el mundo anglosajón, siendo hasta el momento estos esfuerzos escasos y relativos al post grado en el contexto latinoamericano. Se concluye que sería deseable propiciar la inclusión de ambos abordajes en los planes de estudio. Abstract in english During the second half of the XX century, a debate related to differences and goodness of quantitative and qualitative research method has been under discussion in scientific research and nursing field. The objective of this article is to analyse the progress which has been made about qualitative an [...] d quantitavive approach in research teaching method in different levels of nursing education. Literature related to this published matter permits to realize there is a separation between qualitative and quantitative methodological approches in teaching research in nursing in all levels of education. Some efforts are recorded in order to insert both approaches in English speaking countries mainly. However, those efforts have been scant and relative in relation to the development of the PHD thesis in Latin America context. To sum up, it would be appropriate to provide both approaches inclusion syllabus.
Alide, Salazar Molina; Tatiana, Paravic Klijn.
Full Text Available Durante la segunda mitad del siglo XX se ha venido dando en la investigación científica y en la disciplina de enfermería un debate respecto de las diferencias y bondades de los métodos de investigación cualitativos y cuantitativos. El propósito de este artículo es analizar como se han ido desarrollando los abordajes cualitativos y cuantitativos en la enseñanza de investigación en los distintos niveles de formación en enfermería. La revisión bibliográfica relativa a esta temática publicada permite observar que existe separación entre abordajes metodológicos cualitativo y cuantitativo en la enseñanza de la investigación en enfermería en todos los niveles de formación. Se registran esfuerzos por articular ambos abordajes particularmente en el mundo anglosajón, siendo hasta el momento estos esfuerzos escasos y relativos al post grado en el contexto latinoamericano. Se concluye que sería deseable propiciar la inclusión de ambos abordajes en los planes de estudio.During the second half of the XX century, a debate related to differences and goodness of quantitative and qualitative research method has been under discussion in scientific research and nursing field. The objective of this article is to analyse the progress which has been made about qualitative and quantitavive approach in research teaching method in different levels of nursing education. Literature related to this published matter permits to realize there is a separation between qualitative and quantitative methodological approches in teaching research in nursing in all levels of education. Some efforts are recorded in order to insert both approaches in English speaking countries mainly. However, those efforts have been scant and relative in relation to the development of the PHD thesis in Latin America context. To sum up, it would be appropriate to provide both approaches inclusion syllabus.
Alide Salazar Molina
Children's nurse education is experiencing increases in recruitment targets at the same time that clinical placements are decreasing. With regard to end-of-life care, it is has become a challenge to ensure that all students come into contact with a satisfactory range of experience as part of the requirement for competency at the point of registration. The aim of our study was to find out if students at the end of their course were able to use communication skills acquired in their three years of training and adapt and transfer them to a specific palliative care context even if they had never worked in that area of care. Focus groups were conducted after the simulations which explored the students' experiences of being involved in the scenarios. Four themes emerged that students identified either inhibited or enabled their communication skills, which included anxiety and fear, the need for professional props, the experience of it being real and feeling empowered. PMID:25395598
Kenny, Gerard; Cargil, Jamie; Hamilton, Catherine; Sales, Rachel
Changes in the health care delivery system are discussed with a view to those affecting the role and use of advanced practice nurses and particularly nurse practitioners who provide primary and reproductive care to women. Nurse practitioners are particularly well suited to function within integrated systems. They accomplish cost-containment strategies because of lower salaries or fees, fewer invasive procedures, greater compliance by patients, and increased nonpharmacologic treatments. They collaborate with all providers of primary care and enhance communication with patients. They develop clinical pathways for professionals and for patients and their families and support the use of guidelines and protocols to enhance standards of practice. It is suggested that women will become powerful consumers and that nurse practitioners are especially versed, not only in providing routine screening and episodic care, but also in teaching self-care, providing developmental and emotional support, and increasing compliance for health promotion and disease prevention. A high demand exists for education as an advanced practice nurse. Although many educational programs are moving to the master's degree, standardized educational levels are urged as a means for professionals and consumers to better understand advanced practice nursing roles. The need for nurse practitioners in the primary care market-place is demonstrated, but the system is in a state of flux, and the roles may not be used appropriately. Nurse practitioners should help to define new jobs and be assertive in negotiating for positions. PMID:9087907
Sinclair, B P
To improve the visibility of nurses in mass media, health communications content should be integrated into nursing education. Nurses equipped with advanced communication skills, media expertise and teaching strategies can empower the profession to influence the health care environment. (SK)
Implement the Common Core for ELA without all the stress A Non-Freaked Out Guide to Teaching the Common Core uses the often-neglected anchor standards to get to the heart of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS)-teaching students the skills they need to be college and career ready. Each anchor standard is broken down into its key points, and a discussion of each anchor standard''s central purpose helps outline the context for each required skill. This easy-to-read guide gives educators the kind of clear explanations, examples, and strategies they need to feel comfortable teaching the CCSS, an
A survey was conducted by a mental health center to evaluate the effects of a nursing home education project which attempted 1) to teach mental health professionals and nursing home staff how to set up in-service education programs in nursing homes, and 2) to teach nursing home staff mental health principles. (Author/EJT)
Patterson, Robert D.; Gurian, Bennett S.
The nursing profession must make changes in all aspects of nursing as it shifts from a largely unicultural to multicultural focus to prepare thousands of nurses in the growing and imperative area of transcultural nursing in curriculum development, research, teaching, clinical practice, and consultation. (JOW)
In the teaching of physics at upper secondary school level (K10-K12), the students are generally taught to solve problems analytically, i.e. using the dynamics describing a system (typically in the form of differential equations) to compute its evolution in time, e.g. the motion of a body along a straight line or in a plane. This reduces the scope of problems, i.e. the kind of problems that are within students' capabilities. To make the tasks mathematically solvable, one is restricted to very idealized situations; more realistic problems are too difficult (or even impossible) to handle analytically with the mathematical abilities that may be expected from students at this level. For instance, ordinary ballistic trajectories under the action of gravity, when air resistance is included, have been 'out of reach'; in school textbooks such trajectories are generally assumed to take place in a vacuum. Another example is that according to Newton's law of universal gravitation satellites will in general move around a large central body in elliptical orbits, but the students can only deal with the special case where the orbit is circular, thus precluding (for example) a verification and discussion of Kepler's laws. It is shown that standard spreadsheet software offers a tool that can handle many such realistic situations in a uniform way, and display the results both numerically and graphically on a computer screen, quite independently of whether the formal description of the physical system itself is 'mathematically tractable'. The method employed, which is readily accessible to high school students, is to perform a numerical integration of the equations of motion, exploiting the spreadsheet's capability of successive iterations. The software is used to model and study motion of bodies in external force fields; specifically, ballistic trajectories in a homogeneous gravity field with air resistance and satellite motion in a centrally symmetric gravitational field. The article reports briefly on a study of the use of computers in the teaching of physics at K12 level in Norway, as part of an EU research project (for details, see the end of the article). It is demonstrated how the simulation software (the spreadsheet) is implemented in practice, for the systems that have been studied, and various responses of the students and teachers to this new and unfamiliar method for solving problems in physics are discussed. Some perspectives on the future of physics teaching at secondary school level are discussed.
Estrategia educativa para la educación en valores humanos con métodos participativos en estudiantes de Enfermería Educational strategy for human values teaching with participatory methods designed for Nursing students
Full Text Available Se realizó un trabajo de educación en valores humanos con métodos participativos en estudiantes del nuevo modelo formativo de Enfermería de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey en la Filial de Nuevitas, para la ejecución de la tarea se capacitó a profesores y tutores, objetivo por el cual se diseñó la estrategia educativa. Se enunciaron las dificultades del objeto de investigación, resultado del diagnóstico aplicado, se confirmó la ausencia de estrategia educativa en el uso de métodos participativos con tal fin, y la necesidad del diseño. Se utilizaron las etapas dirigidas a la capacitación, la sensibilización, la planificación, la valoración y el control de la ejecución del sistema de acciones con el colectivo pedagógico para el perfeccionamiento de la educación en valores con estos métodos.A teaching work based on human values with the implementation of participatory methods was carried out for Nursing students of the new training model at the seat of the Medical University of Camagüey in Nuevitas. Tutors and professors were trained to put this task into practice, reason why the teaching strategy was designed. The difficulties of the research object as a result of the applied diagnosis were set out. The lack of a teaching strategy in the use of participatory methods for this purpose, and the need of the design were stated. Stages aimed at training, awareness-raising, planning, assessment and control of the system of actions implementation with the pedagogical team in order to improve values education with these methods, were used.
Mariela Hernández Sainz
The National League for Nursing is committed to providing a range of teaching resources for those who work with students in nursing and related fields. The resources here are contained within nine areas, including Excellence Model, Hallmarks of Excellence, and Faculty Toolkits. The Hallmarks of Excellence area contains a detailed list of indicators that can help nursing faculty members learn more about the key elements of any effective nursing program. The Living Documents section includes a range of commentaries on timely topics, such as diversity in nursing education and the care of older adults. The site's Living Documents area features a series of occasional papers that comment on the future of nursing education. The titles here include "A Vision for Post-Baccalaureate Nursing Education" and "Caring for Older Adults."
Since philosophy is the controlling factor in teaching (because every teacher operates from a theoretical base), industrial arts teachers need to be familiar with the prevalent doctrine of Education as Formal Discipline and with Dewey's doctrine of Education as Growth, where industrial arts had its origins, to formulate successful programs. (AJ)
Brown, Kenneth W.
Percepção de estudantes de enfermagem sobre o Laboratório de Enfermagem como estratégia de ensino Percepción de estudiantes de enfermería sobre el Laboratorio de Enfermería como estrategia de enseñanza Nursing students' perception about the Nursing Laboratory as a teaching strategy
Full Text Available Este estudo tem por objetivo conhecer a percepção de estudantes de enfermagem quanto aos aspectos físicos, pedagógicos e humanos referentes ao laboratório de enfermagem no processo ensino-aprendizagem. Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, transversal, não experimental. A pesquisa foi realizada com 85 alunos. Um total de 58,8% dos alunos avaliou a estrutura física como ruim ou regular; já a acomodação foi avaliada por 50,6% dos alunos como ruim e péssima. Quanto ao horário de funcionamento, 63,5% dos alunos avaliaram como bom ou ótimo. Os alunos avaliaram positivamente as enfermeiras especialistas em laboratório e as monitoras com 87,0% e 84,9% de bom ou ótimo, respectivamente. A maioria dos aspectos obteve conceito bom, exceto a infra-estrutura física. O aspecto melhor avaliado foi o recurso humano.Conocer la percepción de estudiantes de enfermería en cuanto a los aspectos físicos, pedagógicos y humanos referentes al laboratorio de enfermería en el proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje. Se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, transversal, no experimental. La pesquisa fue realizada con 85 alumnos. En cuanto a la estructura física, el 58,8% de los alumnos la evaluó como mala o regular, las comodidades fueron malas o pésimas para 50,6% de los alumnos. Respecto al horario de funcionamiento, 63,5% de los alumnos lo evaluó como bueno u óptimo. Los alumnos evaluaron positivamente a las enfermeras especialistas en laboratorio y a las monitoras, con 87,0% y 84,9% para bueno y óptimo, respectivamente. La mayoría de los aspectos obtuvo buenos conceptos, excepto los relacionados con la infraestructura física. El aspecto mejor evaluado fue el recurso humano.The objective of this study is to get to know the nursing students' perception in terms of the physical, educational and human aspects of the nursing laboratory in the teaching-learning process. This is a quantitative, cross-sectional, non-experimental study. Participants were 85 students who answered to a questionnaire about the laboratory in regard to human resources, teaching resources, physical infrastructure, and accommodation and hours of operation. Regarding the physical infrastructure of the lab, the majority of students (58.8% rated it as bad or average, and accommodation was rated between bad and extremely bad by 50.6% of the students. The lab working hours were rated from good to excellent by 63.5% of the students. The nursing specialists and monitors of the laboratory were positively rated by the students, with 87.0% and 84.9% rating them from good to excellent, respectively. According to the students, the best aspect of the laboratory was human resources.
Carla Cristiane Paz Felix
História da Enfermagem: ensino, pesquisa e interdisciplinaridade La historia de la Enfermería: enseñanza, investigación e interdisciplinariedad Nursing history: teaching, research and interdisciplinarity
Full Text Available Este texto é uma reflexão sobre a importância da História da Enfermagem para a pesquisa e para o ensino da Enfermagem. Discute sobre os objetos da História da Enfermagem tratados por enfermeiras brasileiras e de outros países, cujos estudos enfocam, na sua maioria, o período pós-Florence Nightingale. Apresenta também a importância da interdisciplinaridade para a realização dos estudos históricos, considerando a relação desta com as demais disciplinas. Conclui afirmando que a problematização em torno dos desafios e tendências futuras sobre o ensinar, aprender e pesquisar a História da Enfermagem para todos os níveis é uma possibilidade de reduzir as insuficiências neste campo de estudo e mobilizar tanto docentes quanto discentes e outros interessados para a importância deste tema.En el presente texto se establece una reflexión sobre la importancia de la historia de la enfermería para la investigación y para la enseñanza de la Enfermería. En él se discute sobre los objetos de la historia de la enfermería tratados por enfermeras brasileñas y de otros países, cuyos estudios, en su gran mayoría, enfocan el período posterior a Florence Nightingale. En este estudio también se aborda la importancia de la interdisciplinariedad para la realización de los estudios históricos, considerándola en relación a las demás disciplinas. Se puede concluir afirmando que la problemática alrededor de los desafíos y tendencias futuras sobre el enseñar, aprender e investigar la historia de la Enfermería para todos los niveles, es una posibilidad de reducir las insuficiencias en este campo de estudio, movilizando a docentes, alumnos y otros interesados sobre la importancia de este tema.This text is a reflection upon the importance of nursing history in Nursing research and education. It discusses the objects of nursing history dealt with by nurses from Brazil and other countries, the majority of whose studies have focused on the post-Florence Nightingale period. It also presents the importance of historical studies, considering their relationship with other disciplines. It conclusion, it affirms that the problematization surrounding the future challenges and tendencies for teaching, learning, and researching within nursing history on all levels, offer a possibility for reducing the insufficiencies in this field of study, as well as for mobilizing faculty, students, and others who are interested in the importance of this topic.
Maria Itayra Coelho de Souza Padilha
História da Enfermagem: ensino, pesquisa e interdisciplinaridade / Nursing history: teaching, research and interdisciplinarity / La historia de la Enfermería: enseñanza, investigación e interdisciplinariedad
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este texto é uma reflexão sobre a importância da História da Enfermagem para a pesquisa e para o ensino da Enfermagem. Discute sobre os objetos da História da Enfermagem tratados por enfermeiras brasileiras e de outros países, cujos estudos enfocam, na sua maioria, o período pós-Florence Nightingale [...] . Apresenta também a importância da interdisciplinaridade para a realização dos estudos históricos, considerando a relação desta com as demais disciplinas. Conclui afirmando que a problematização em torno dos desafios e tendências futuras sobre o ensinar, aprender e pesquisar a História da Enfermagem para todos os níveis é uma possibilidade de reduzir as insuficiências neste campo de estudo e mobilizar tanto docentes quanto discentes e outros interessados para a importância deste tema. Abstract in spanish En el presente texto se establece una reflexión sobre la importancia de la historia de la enfermería para la investigación y para la enseñanza de la Enfermería. En él se discute sobre los objetos de la historia de la enfermería tratados por enfermeras brasileñas y de otros países, cuyos estudios, en [...] su gran mayoría, enfocan el período posterior a Florence Nightingale. En este estudio también se aborda la importancia de la interdisciplinariedad para la realización de los estudios históricos, considerándola en relación a las demás disciplinas. Se puede concluir afirmando que la problemática alrededor de los desafíos y tendencias futuras sobre el enseñar, aprender e investigar la historia de la Enfermería para todos los niveles, es una posibilidad de reducir las insuficiencias en este campo de estudio, movilizando a docentes, alumnos y otros interesados sobre la importancia de este tema. Abstract in english This text is a reflection upon the importance of nursing history in Nursing research and education. It discusses the objects of nursing history dealt with by nurses from Brazil and other countries, the majority of whose studies have focused on the post-Florence Nightingale period. It also presents t [...] he importance of historical studies, considering their relationship with other disciplines. It conclusion, it affirms that the problematization surrounding the future challenges and tendencies for teaching, learning, and researching within nursing history on all levels, offer a possibility for reducing the insufficiencies in this field of study, as well as for mobilizing faculty, students, and others who are interested in the importance of this topic.
Maria Itayra Coelho de Souza, Padilha; Miriam Susskind, Borenstein.
Full Text Available Background: Bio-medical waste collection and proper disposal is a concern for both medical and general community. Medical and Nursing students during and after completing their studies are at potential risk for hazards due to biomedical waste. Thorough knowledge about the subject will decide their practices. Hence the study was limited only to awareness assessment. Objective: To assess awareness in undergraduate medical and nursing students about biomedical waste, its hazards and management. Methods: Data collection was done by a predesigned self administered questionnaire. Results: MBBS students had a fairly better awareness regarding the subject than nursing students. Almost all study participants were aware about colour coding in segregation of biomedical waste. But when asked about which waste is to be put in which bag, correct response was given by almost half amongst them. Conclusions: Practical implications related to the matter should be covered so that hazards of biomedical waste are avoided.
Ukey Ujwala U, Kambatla Ramasankaram, Dash Satyanarayan, Naidu NR Appajirao, Kulkarni Ved P
Even though there exists a high degree of consensus among scientists about climate change, doubt has actually increased over the last five years within the general U.S. public. In 2006, 79% of those polled agreed that there is evidence for global warming, while only 59% agreed in 2010 (Pew Research Center, 2010). The source for this doubt can be partially attributed to lack of knowledge. Formal education is one mechanism that potentially can address inadequate public understanding as school is the primary place where students - and future citizens - learn about the climate. In a joint effort, several governmental agencies, non-governmental organizations, scientists and educators have created a framework called The Essential Principles of Climate Science Literacy, detailing seven concepts that are deemed vital for individuals and communities to understand Earth's climate system (USGCRP, 2009). Can students reach climate literacy - as defined by these 7 concepts - if they are taught using a curriculum based on the current state standards? To answer this question, the K-12 state science teaching and learning standards for Texas and California - two states that heavily influence nation-wide textbook creation - were compared against the Essential Principles. The data analysis consisted of two stages, looking for: 1) direct reference to "climate" and "climate change" and 2) indirect reference to the 7 Essential Principles through axial coding. The word "climate" appears in the California K-12 science standards 4 times and in the Texas standards 7 times. The word "climate change" appears in the California and Texas standards only 3 times each. Indirect references to the 7 Essential Principles of climate science literacy were more numerous. Broadly, California covered 6 of the principles while Texas covered all 7. In looking at the 7 principles, the second one "Climate is regulated by complex interactions among component of the Earth system" was the most substantively addressed. Least covered were number 6 "Human activities are impacting the climate system" and number 7 "Climate change will have consequences for the Earth system and human lives." Most references, either direct or indirect, occurred in the high school standards for earth science, a class not required for graduation in either state. This research points to the gaps between what the 7 Essential Principles of Climate Literacy defines as essential knowledge and what students may learn in their K-12 science classes. Thus, the formal system does not seem to offer an experience which can potentially develop a more knowledgeable citizenry who will be able to make wise personal and policy decisions about climate change, falling short of the ultimate goal of achieving widespread climate literacy. Especially troubling was the sparse attention to the principles addressing the human connection to the climate - principles number 6 and 7. If climate literate citizens are to make "wise personal and policy decisions" (USGCRP, 2009), these two principles especially are vital. This research, therefore, has been valuable for identifying current shortcomings in state standards.
Busch, K. C.
Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los problemas derivados de una intervención de artroplastia de cadera afectan a prácticamente todos los patrones funcionales del paciente (Marjory Gordon), de ahí la importancia de que el personal sanitario implicado en el tratamiento y recuperación del paciente desarrolle su trabajo según un PLAN c [...] laramente definido, estándar y evaluable. Éste ha sido el objetivo principal del equipo de trabajo, sistematizar los cuidados para que al paciente no le afecten los problemas derivados de la variabilidad en su atención, recupere su movilidad e independencia lo antes posible y se eviten complicaciones postoperatorias, para lo cual se ha prestado especial atención en la implicación del propio paciente en su recuperación. Administrativamente, con un Plan de Cuidados se mejora el registro de todas las actividades de enfermería y se clarifican las responsabilidades de los miembros del equipo sanitario. En lo que respecta a la atención de enfermería, esta regulación en los cuidados se ha realizado siguiendo la taxonomía NANDA-NOC-NIC, resultando un plan estándar de cuidados basado en los Patrones funcionales de Marjory Gordon, ya que los autores del presente Plan de atención creemos que éste es método muy fiable para realizar la valoración de un paciente, de la cual se derivarían los diagnósticos de enfermería adecuados y la evaluación continua del paciente. Concluimos que la aplicación de este Plan de Cuidados implicaría una mejora en la atención al paciente y en la organización del trabajo en la unidad de hospitalización de cirugía ortopédica y traumatológica. La validez del presente plan sería de tres años. Abstract in english The problems resulting from an intervention in hip, affect practically all functional patterns of the patient (Marjory Gordon), hence the importance of health personnel involved in treatment and recovery of the patient performing their work to a clearly defined standard and graded plan. This has bee [...] n the main objective of the team work, to systematize care for the patient so that it does not affect the problems of variability in their care, recover their mobility and independence as soon as possible and to avoid postoperative complications, for which special attention is paid to involving patients in their own recovery. Administratively, a Care Plan will improve the registration of all nursing activities and clarify the responsibilities of health team members. With regard to nursing care, this care regulation has been made following the NANDA-NOC-NIC taxonomy, resulting in a standard plan of care based on Marjory Gordon's functional patterns, since the authors believe this is a very reliable method for conducting an assessment of the state of the patient, which would derive in the appropriate nursing diagnosis and ongoing evaluation of the patient. We conclude that the application of the Care Plan would mean an improvement in patient care and organization of work in the hospital units of trauma and orthopaedic surgery. The validity of this plan would be three years.
R., Bustos López; A.J., Piña Martínez; M., Pastor Molina; A., Benítez Laserna; M.P., Víllora Fernández; A.D., González Pérez.
The purpose of this study was to examine emergency department (ED) nurses\\' attitudes towards individuals presenting with deliberate self-harm (DSH), including the relationship between attitudes and factors such as age, academic achievements, length of experience, and self-harm education.
...Standards § 52.130 Nursing services. The program management must provide an organized nursing service with a sufficient...participants and the nursing care needs of the participants... (The Office of Management and Budget has...
Full Text Available Abstract Background Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS in Uganda is undergoing a major reform to become a more influential force in society. It is important that its medicine and nursing graduates are equipped to best address the priority health needs of the Ugandan population, as outlined in the government’s Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP. The assessment identifies critical gaps in the core competencies of the MakCHS medicine and nursing and ways to overcome them in order to achieve HSSP goals. Methods Documents from the Uganda Ministry of Health were reviewed, and medicine and nursing curricula were analyzed. Nineteen key informant interviews (KII and seven focus group discussions (FGD with stakeholders were conducted. The data were manually analyzed for emerging themes and sub-themes. The study team subsequently used the checklists to create matrices summarizing the findings from the KIIs, FGDs, and curricula analysis. Validation of findings was done by triangulating information from the different data collection methods. Results The core competencies that medicine and nursing students are expected to achieve by the end of their education were outlined for both programs. The curricula are in the process of reform towards competency-based education, and on the surface, are well aligned with the strategic needs of the country. But implementation is inadequate, and can be changed: • Learning objectives need to be more applicable to achieving competencies. • Learning experiences need to be more relevant for competencies and setting in which students will work after graduation (i.e. not just clinical care in a tertiary care facility. • Student evaluation needs to be better designed for assessing these competencies. Conclusion MakCHS has made a significant attempt to produce relevant, competent nursing and medicine graduates to meet the community needs. Ways to make them more effective though deliberate efforts to apply a competency-based education are possible.
Full Text Available The physical environment has a great potential for supporting resident's residual way-finding abilities. Until now little systematic research has been carried out to identify supportive architectural characteristics. The architectural structure of the buildings and the impact of the different architectural characteristics was also analyzed. Results show that people with advancing dementia are increasingly dependent on a compensating environment. Our experience in design of contemporary homes and its environment for elderly persons is an example how the young generation can remain an integral part of the elderly peoples lives. Any Cooperation between Serbia and Germany is to be in accordance with European Standards and Norms.
Dietrich Wolfgang Christ
Full Text Available Three focus group interviews were conducted. One group was formed by seven tutors, and the other two groups were formed by fourth-year learners following a fouryear comprehensive diploma course. All participants voluntarily took part in the study. Data was analyzed using the descriptive method of open coding by Tesch (in Creswell, 1994:154-156. Trustworthiness was ensured in accordance with Lincoln and Guba’s (1985:290-326 principles of credibility, conformability, transferability and dependability. The findings were categorized into issues pertaining to nursing education as follows: curriculum overload; lack of theory and practice integration; teaching and assessment methods that do not promote critical thinking; tutors’ lack of skills and experience; inadequate preparation of tutors for lectures; insufficient knowledge of tutors regarding outcomes-based education approach to teaching and learning; inadequate process of remedial teaching; discrepancies between tutors’ marking; lack of clinical role-models and high expectations from the affiliated university as regards standards of nursing education in a nursing college. Strategies to improve the learners’ performance were described. It is recommended that these strategies be incorporated in the staff development programme by the staff development committee of the nursing college under study for implementation. Future research should focus on the effectiveness of the described strategies to improve the learners’ performance. It is also recommended that similar studies be conducted or replicated in other nursing colleges to address the problem of poor performance of learners engaged in a four-year comprehensive diploma course.
Background: As a non-invasive and readily available diagnostic tool, ultrasound is one of the most important imaging techniques in medicine. Ultrasound is usually trained during residency preferable according to German Society of Ultrasound in Medicine (DEGUM) standards. Our curriculum calls for undergraduate training in ultrasound of medical students in their 4th year of undergraduate education. An explorative pilot study evaluated the acceptance of this teaching method, and compared it to o...
Heinzow, H. S.; Friederichs, H.; Lenz, P.; Schmedt, A.; Becker, J. C.; Hengst, K.; Marschall, B.; Domagk, D.
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El presente artículo fundamenta el rol de la educación en enfermería, respecto a asumir una constante innovación y mejoramiento de la calidad de la docencia, considerando las demandas sociales y de nuevos roles profesionales. Plantea como una alternativa los aportes del diseño de instrucción. El cua [...] l, ofrece fundamentos educacionales que orientan a la creación de ambientes de aprendizaje propicios, acordes a los requerimientos de la población usuaria y del sistema educativo. El éxito de la innovación propuesta, exige una evaluación continua y una intencionalidad compartida por parte de los docentes para asegurar la consolidación y permanencia frente al cambio. Abstract in english The role of nursing is studied, as it is related to constant innovation and improvement of teaching quality, social requirements and new professional roles. As an alternative, the contribution given by the teaching model is considered. Such model offers educational bases on leisure activities about [...] adequate learning environments, user population requirements and the actual educational system. Favourable results of the proposed innovation will need continuous evaluation shared by the faculty as a means to guarantee the consolidation of this exchange program.
Alejandrina Arratia, Figueroa.
Full Text Available Este trabalho consiste em uma pesquisa realizada com o propósito de aprimorar o ensino de Nutrição, adequando-o às necessidades específicas de graduandos de Enfermagem. Para a coleta de dados, foi aplicado um questionário a 30 docentes. As respostas foram analisadas qualitativamente, empregando-se a técnica de análise de conteúdo. Foram identificados seis eixos em torno dos quais foram aglutinadas as expectativas dos docentes: segurança alimentar e nutricional, qualidade de vida, problema alimentar, processo de cuidado nutricional, papel profissional/interdisciplinaridade e conteúdos técnicos específicos. As conclusões apontam a necessidade de o ensino ultrapassar a ministração de conteúdos estritamente técnicos, pois ele deve preparar o aluno para analisar criticamente as situações que exigem intervenções específicas do campo da nutrição e para agir interdisciplinarmente.This article describes a research to improve nutrition teaching, adapting it to the specific needs of nursing students. The data were obtained through a questionnaire filled by 30 professors. The answers were analyzed by a qualitative method, applying the content analysis technique and were assembled in six groups in which the expectation of the professors were gathered: food and nutrition security, life quality, feeding problem, nutritional care process, professional role/interdisciplinarity and specific technical contents. The conclusions point out that teaching must go beyond pure technical contents, and must prepare the students to critically analyze situations where interventions in nutrition field are required and to act in an interdisciplinary manner.
Maria Cristina Faber BOOG
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Foram objetivos deste estudo: identificar as características do ensino da enfermagem geronto-geriátrica; refletir sobre este ensino, partindo das características identificadas, à luz da Complexidade. Pesquisa qualitativa, teve como fonte de dados nove livros-resumo de congressos brasileiros de enfer [...] magem e sete periódicos da enfermagem nacional, do período de 1991 a 2000. O corpus foi composto por 16 artigos científicos e utilizou-se o QRSNUD* IST4 para análise. Os resultados mostraram a existência deste ensino, por meio de: matérias no currículo; atividades práticas; atividades durante estágio curricular; atividades extracurriculares; participação em eventos específicos ou da enfermagem, com apresentação de trabalhos; outras atividades. Refletir sobre o ensino da enfermagem geronto-geriátrica, por meio da Complexidade, é perceber o ensino enquanto instância que procure transmitir uma cultura que permita ao futuro trabalhador: compreender a condição humana; pensar de forma contextualizada, aberta, globalizada, ética. Abstract in spanish Los objetivos de este estudio fueron: identificar las características de la enseñanza de la enfermería gerontogeriátrica; reflexionar sobre esta enseñanza, partiendo de las características identificadas, a la luz de la Complejidad. Se trata de una investigación cualitativa que tuvo como fuente de da [...] tos nueve libros de resúmenes de congresos brasileños de enfermería y siete periódicos de enfermería nacional, del período de 1991 al 2000. El corpus estuvo compuesto por 16 artículos científicos y se utilizó el QRS-NUD* IST4 para el análisis. Los resultados mostraron la existencia de esta enseñanza, por medio de: materias en el currículo; actividades prácticas; actividades durante la práctica curricular; actividades extracurriculares; participación en eventos específicos o de enfermería, con presentación de trabajos; otras actividades. Reflexionar sobre la enseñanza de la enfermería geronto-geriátrica, por medio de la Complejidad, es percibir la enseñanza en cuanto instancia que intenta transmitir una cultura que permita al futuro trabajador: comprender la condición humana; pensar de forma contextualizada, abierta, globalizada, ética. Abstract in english The present study had the objectives of identifying the characteristics of gerontogeriatric nursing and of reflecting on this teaching, based on identified characteristics, in the light of Complexity. A qualitative research, its data sources were nine proceedings volumes of Brazilian Nursing congres [...] ses and seven Brazilian nursing publications of the 1991-2000 period. The main body of this article was comprised of 16 scientific articles; QRSNUD* IST4 was used for analysis. Results showed that this teaching does take place, and it is carried out through: mandatory disciplines in the curriculum; practical activities; activities during curricular training; extra-curricular activities; participation on specific or general Nursing events in which studies are presented; other activities. To use the principles of Complexity is tantamount to perceiving educative teaching as trying to convey a culture that will enable future workers to understand the human condition and to think in a contextualized, open, globalized, ethical way.
Silvana Sidney Costa, Santos.
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: Quantificar e descrever as características da produção científica sobre o ensino da liderança em enfermagem quanto ao tipo de publicação, ano, veículo, país, idioma e temática abordada. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, do tipo bibliométrico, realizado em bases de dados da BVS, com os descritor [...] es ensino, liderança e enfermagem. RESULTADOS: Em 37 anos, foram identificadas 73 publicações, a maioria encontrada na base de dados MEDLINE e constituída de artigos originais publicados em periódicos norte-americanos, escritos em inglês e versando sobre estratégias de ensino. CONCLUSÕES: A produção científica foi escassa mas constante no período estudado, de autoria predominantemente americana e publicada em periódicos científicos nos Estados Unidos, o que indicou a necessidade de desenvolver pesquisas sobre o assunto no Brasil. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVOS: Cuantificar y describir las características de la producción científica sobre la enseñanza del liderazgo en enfermería en cuanto al tipo de publicación, año, vehículo, país, idioma y temática abordada. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, de tipo bibliométrico, realizado en bases de datos de la [...] BVS, con los descriptores enseñanza, liderazgo y enfermería. RESULTADOS: En 37 años, fueron identificadas 73 publicaciones, la mayoría encontrada en la base de datos MEDLINE y constituida de artículos originales publicados en periódicos norteamericanos, escritos en inglés y versando sobre estrategias de enseñanzas. CONCLUSIONES: La producción científica fue escasa pero constante en el período estudiado, de autoría predominantemente americana y publicada en periódicos científicos en los Estados Unidos, lo que indicó la necesidad de desarrollar inestigaciones sobre el asunto en el Brasil. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To quantify and describe the characteristics of scientific production on the teaching of nursing leadership concerning the type of publication, year, vehicle, country, language and theme. METHODS: A descriptive and bibliometric study conducted in databases of the BVS, using descriptors: [...] teaching, leadership and nursing. RESULTS: Over 37 years, we identified 73 publications, mostly found in the MEDLINE database and consisting of original articles published in North American journals, written in English, and dealing with teaching strategies. CONCLUSIONS: The scientific production was sparse but constant during the study period, authored predominantly by North Americans, and published in scientific journals in the United States, which indicated the necessity to develop research on the subject in Brazil.
Vanessa Ribeiro, Neves; Maria Cristina, Sanna.
The professional standards of school nursing practice provide a framework to help school nurses focus on their unique mission of promoting health and academic achievement for all students. Without the standards, the nurse’s role can become task oriented and limited in scope. By using an evaluation tool that reflects the standards, nurses not only…
McDaniel, Kathryn H.; Overman, Muriel; Guttu, Martha; Engelke, Martha Keehner
Full Text Available Objective: to examine if nursing auxiliaries identify the physical risks they are exposed to in their work at the hospital. Methods: the research used a quantitative, descriptive and non-experimental approach. Data collection involved 85 subjects (32.9% of staff, using a questionnaire that contained both questions for biographical and professional identification and questions related to physical risks. Results: most participants were women (82.3%; married (41.2%, between 31 and 40 years old (27.1% and had finished secondary education (60%. Thirty percent of them correctly described the concept of physical risk; however, only 29.4% managed to identify the factors of this risk with certainty; the remainder identified them totally or partially wrong, mixing them up with other risk agents (67.1%, or did not answer the question (3.5%. Final considerations: nursing workers, especially nursing auxiliaries, should have access to health education and promotion actions, knowledge on occupational risks, for the sake of adequate prevention during labor activities carried out in sites with a range of risk factors that can favor diseases and occupational accidents.
Marina Pereira Rezende, Maria Lucia do Carmo Cruz Robazzi, Iara Aparecida de Oliveira Secco, Sandra Verônica Valenzuela Suazo
Percepção de estudantes de enfermagem sobre o Laboratório de Enfermagem como estratégia de ensino / Nursing students' perception about the Nursing Laboratory as a teaching strategy / Percepción de estudiantes de enfermería sobre el Laboratorio de Enfermería como estrategia de enseñanza
Full Text Available Este estudo tem por objetivo conhecer a percepção de estudantes de enfermagem quanto aos aspectos físicos, pedagógicos e humanos referentes ao laboratório de enfermagem no processo ensino-aprendizagem. Trata-se de um estudo quantitativo, transversal, não experimental. A pesquisa foi realizada com 85 [...] alunos. Um total de 58,8% dos alunos avaliou a estrutura física como ruim ou regular; já a acomodação foi avaliada por 50,6% dos alunos como ruim e péssima. Quanto ao horário de funcionamento, 63,5% dos alunos avaliaram como bom ou ótimo. Os alunos avaliaram positivamente as enfermeiras especialistas em laboratório e as monitoras com 87,0% e 84,9% de bom ou ótimo, respectivamente. A maioria dos aspectos obteve conceito bom, exceto a infra-estrutura física. O aspecto melhor avaliado foi o recurso humano. Abstract in spanish Conocer la percepción de estudiantes de enfermería en cuanto a los aspectos físicos, pedagógicos y humanos referentes al laboratorio de enfermería en el proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje. Se trata de un estudio cuantitativo, transversal, no experimental. La pesquisa fue realizada con 85 alumnos. En cuan [...] to a la estructura física, el 58,8% de los alumnos la evaluó como mala o regular, las comodidades fueron malas o pésimas para 50,6% de los alumnos. Respecto al horario de funcionamiento, 63,5% de los alumnos lo evaluó como bueno u óptimo. Los alumnos evaluaron positivamente a las enfermeras especialistas en laboratorio y a las monitoras, con 87,0% y 84,9% para bueno y óptimo, respectivamente. La mayoría de los aspectos obtuvo buenos conceptos, excepto los relacionados con la infraestructura física. El aspecto mejor evaluado fue el recurso humano. Abstract in english The objective of this study is to get to know the nursing students' perception in terms of the physical, educational and human aspects of the nursing laboratory in the teaching-learning process. This is a quantitative, cross-sectional, non-experimental study. Participants were 85 students who answer [...] ed to a questionnaire about the laboratory in regard to human resources, teaching resources, physical infrastructure, and accommodation and hours of operation. Regarding the physical infrastructure of the lab, the majority of students (58.8%) rated it as bad or average, and accommodation was rated between bad and extremely bad by 50.6% of the students. The lab working hours were rated from good to excellent by 63.5% of the students. The nursing specialists and monitors of the laboratory were positively rated by the students, with 87.0% and 84.9% rating them from good to excellent, respectively. According to the students, the best aspect of the laboratory was human resources.
Carla Cristiane Paz, Felix; Ana Cristina Mancussi e, Faro; Cristiane da Rocha Ferreira, Dias.
Full Text Available O estudo apresenta o resultado de uma pesquisa realizada com o primeiro grupo de enfermeiros do Curso de formação Pedagógica em Educação Profissional na Área de Saúde: Enfermagem, em Campo Grande MS. Onde intencionamos verificar o alcance do conhecimento expresso pelos participantes, antes e depois da realização do Curso. Para a coleta de dados nos utilizamos de formulários com questões abertas, que foram tratadas à luz do referencial metodológico de natureza qualitativa. Assim, percebemos o desenvolvimento deste curso como um momento de movimento, de evolução e porque não dizer de transformação no ensino de enfermagem em todos os níveis, onde acreditamos que a essência da formação pedagógica imbutida no Curso foi assimilada pelos alunos.El estudio presenta el resultado de investigación realizada con el primero grupo de enfermeros del Curso de Formación Pedagógica en Educación Profesional en la Área de Salud: Enfermería/PROFAE, en Campo Grande-MS, donde se intencionó proximar el significado que los entrevistados atribuían a algunos aspectos relacionados con el acto de enseñar, antes y después de la realización del curso. Para la colecta de datos fue utilizado formularios con cuestiones abiertas, que fueron tratadas según el referencial metodológico de naturaleza cualitativa. Se hay percibido el desarrollo de este curso como un momento de transición, de evolución y también de transformación en la enseñanza de enfermería en todos los niveles, donde creemos que la esencia de la formación pedagógica incrustado en el curso fue asimilada por los educandos.This paper presents results of a research proceeded with the first group of nurses from the Pedagogical Training Course in Health Professional Education: Nursing, in Campo Grande-MS. It was intended to verify obtained knowledge expressed by the participants before and after course. Data were collected using structured forms with open questions, that were approached under metodological qualitative reference. It was observed that this course development as a movement, is considered an evolution and transforming moment in all levels of Nursing teaching. It is believed that the course's pedagogical training essence was assimilated by the students.
Vilma Ribeiro da Silva
Full Text Available Background: The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice and The Essentials of Genetic and Genomic Nursing: Competencies, Curricula Guidelines, and Outcome Indicators both include competencies expected of nurses working in the 21st century. This research study investigates whether professors currently teaching in baccalaureate programs in the United States possess the knowledge needed to educate nursing students about essential genetics/genomics concepts. Methods: A random sampling of baccalaureate schools of nursing in the United States was performed. Nurse educators teaching in those schools were asked via three email contacts to complete a 15 item multiple choice questionnaire aimed at testing their knowledge of genetics/genomics. Of the 650 potential subjects, 117 baccalaureate educators completed the questionnaires. Descriptive analyses were performed on the data. Results: The percent of the 15 items that each of the 117 subjects correctly answered was calculated: mean – 53.3%, median – 53.3%, standard deviation – 14.4. Only 4 of 15 questions were answered correctly by more than 75% of the total subject pool. Although the sample sizes were small, the t-test result was significant (p = 0.005 between the scores of 26 faculty who responded that they had taken a course in genetics beyond general college biology and the 91 faculty who had not received additional genetics/genomics education. Conclusion: In general, the educators exhibited a paucity of genetic information, much of which is important for nursing care and practice. This study’s findings support the need for nursing faculty to improve their genetics/genomics knowledge base. It was clear from the survey results that taking an additional genetics course beyond biology positively influenced the knowledge of those who responded.
Margot R. De Sevo
The School of Nursing at the University of KwaZulu-Natal has recently introduced the concept of nursing diagnosis within the Bachelor of Nursing Problem Based Learning (PBL) acute care nursing course. A descriptive survey was designed to evaluate a teaching strategy the researchers developed for Year III Bachelor of Nursing students in an acute care clinical practice course. All students in Year III PBL tutorials in 2006 were included in the study.The students were satisfied with their learni...
Brysiewicz, P.; Lee, M. B.
Medication administration is an essential nursing competency as calculation difficulties can lead to serious medication errors. Nurses involved in staff education need to be aware of methods to assess for computation difficulty and develop strategies for nurses to improve their computation abilities. The purposes of this quasi-experimental pilot study were to assess the medication calculation skills of nurses and nursing students and to determine the effectiveness of teaching strategies aimed at improving these skills. PMID:16885685
Harne-Britner, Sarah; Kreamer, Carolyn L; Frownfelter, Penny; Helmuth, Amy; Lutter, Stacy; Schafer, Deborah J; Wilson, Cyndy
This article emphasises the importance of effective presentation skills. Such skills allow nurses to share knowledge and expertise and to communicate clearly in a range of workplace scenarios. Nurses are increasingly being asked to present in formal and informal situations, such as conferences, poster presentations, job interviews, case reports and ward-based teaching. This article explores the principles underpinning the development of these skills, discusses the situations in which they could be applied and demonstrates how nurses might improve and develop as presenters. PMID:25690236
Intute's Nursing, Midwifery, and Health professional pages is a free online resource that provides information skills for nurses, midwives, and health visitors, allowing them to make practical use of the Internet in their work. The site contains key Internet resources to support the study, teaching, and/or research for nurses, midwives, and health visitors. For those completely unfamiliar with the Web world, the site also contains a glossary to help demystify some Internet terminology.
The transition to online education with faculty teaching at a distance has created "virtual departments" of nursing that necessitates a new way of leading. The author discusses leadership theory and team-building methods to support leaders engaged in virtual departments of nursing. PMID:22914280
This exploratory study results from interviews with five high school English teachers regarding their writing instruction. The researcher sought to answer these questions: (1) How had the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program's (TCAP) Writing Assessment affected their teaching as gauged by the teachers' statements regarding the assessment,…
This study evaluated strategies to teach secondary math and science content to students with moderate and severe developmental disabilities in a quasiexperimental group design with special education teachers randomly assigned to either the math or the science treatment group. Teachers in the math group implemented four math units representing four…
Browder, Diane M.; Trela, Katherine; Courtade, Ginevra R.; Jimenez, Bree A.; Knight, Victoria; Flowers, Claudia
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Medical, dental, nursing and midwifery students are at high risk for occupational exposure to blood-borne pathogens (BBPs via sharp injuries such as needle stick injuries (NSIs. AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of NSIs and the knowledge, attitude and practices of these students regarding their prevention. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The clinical students at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran, were eligible to participate in a survey conducted by a self-administered questionnaire in 2004, asking them about NSIs during their clinical training undergraduate years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study evaluated NSIs and practices regarding protective strategies against BBPs in medical, dental, nursing and midwifery students at Shiraz University, Iran, in 2004. These students completed a self-administered questionnaire. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The data were entered into a personal computer using Epi-Info (version 2000. Chi-square and Fisher?s exact tests for categorical variables and student t-test for continuous variables were performed, where appropriate, using SPSS version10. Alpha was set at the 5% level. RESULTS: The questionnaire was completed by 688 (53% students. 71.1% (489/688 of the students had NSIs that most commonly (43.6% occurred in patient rooms. 82% (401/489 of NSIs were not reported. 87.8% (604/688 of the students received information about standard isolation precautions and 86.2% of them had been vaccinated against hepatitis B. CONCLUSION: NSIs and non-reporting of NSIs were highly prevalent in these students. Education about the transmission of blood-borne infections, standard precautions and increasing availability of protection strategies must be provided.
Technological and Technical Skills of the Teaching Faculty Members in Balqa Applied University / Jordan - In the Light of Comprehensive Quality Standards from the Viewpoint of a Number of Colleges Students
The aim of this study is to determine the reality of the practices of the faculty members of teaching skills in light of comprehensive quality standards from the viewpoint of Balqa applied University College students. To achieve the objective of the study the researcher designed a questionnaire included four axes on quality standards in teaching. The study found out that the teachers of these colleges have skills associated with qualities of teaching methods, strategies, teaching methods, tec...
Awad Al-omari, Burhan M.; Mohammed Abu Rumman; Al, Amal Yaseen Majali; Al Shra’ah, Ata E. M.
Abstract: The teaching of English in Indonesia has so far been unable to reach its declared goal, which is the students' mastery of the English macro skills listening, speaking, reading, writing. Various factors have certainly contributed to this failure, but the highly centralized curriculum has been one of the many to be blamed for it. The new system of regional autonomy gives ample opportunity to schools/ regions to develop their own curricula. This will lead to the need for the establishm...
Full Text Available Learning in the clinical environment is an integral part of nursing education programme. In tertiarybased nursing courses, students spend time learning in the clinical setting as they do in their classroombased studies. The purpose of this study was to explore teaching skills considered by undergraduate student nurses as effective in the clinical setting as well as qualities that make a clinical teacher effective. A descriptive design was employed using questionnaires to collect data. Respondents comprised year four undergraduate student nurses admitted through direct entry (DE and university matriculation examination (UME results. Using validated structured questionnaire, data were collected from 101 students who had completed their six months consolidated clinical experience on their perception of teaching skills and teacher qualities considered effective in the clinical setting. Data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Specifically, frequencies, percentage and standard deviation were used for descriptive analysis of scores while chi square and Mann-Whitney tests were used to test the mean differences in the teaching skills and to test whether there was a significant difference in their perception of teacher behaviours respectively at 0.05 level of significance. The result showed that having both clinical (professional and teaching knowledge were the most important teaching skills for effective clinical teaching. Five qualities ranked by students as teacher behaviours important for effective teaching include being honest with students, motivation to teach, willingness to listen and using good communication skills, supervising students effectively and being positive role model. These factors could be considered when recruiting future clinical teachers and when planning inservice education programmes for clinical teachers to promote student learning.
Afam C. Ndu
Full Text Available El presente trabajo surge de la inquietud basada en la experiencia en el campo laboral del sector salud y, sobre todo, en la adquirida en el ámbito educativo, donde se detectaron debilidades en la relación intervención docente y aprendizaje, de docentes y alumnos, en procedimientos de enfermería -asistenciales y preventivos- en la carrera de Licenciatura en Enfermería en la Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (UMSNH, México. Lo anterior se ha observado especialmente en el 1º y 2º nivel de atención, en las instituciones de salud, donde los estudiantes tienen que aplicar las competencias adquiridas durante su formación. Por tal motivo surgió la necesidad de evaluar el proceso de aprendizaje de los estudiantes de las asignaturas Elementos Básicos de Enfermería y Enfermería en Salud Pública, que se cursan en el 2º. Semestre de la carrera y que son fundamentales en la formación de las (o enfermeras (o. De esta manera se evaluó el carácter que adquiere la intervención docente durante el proceso de aprendizaje de los alumnos de enfermería. Los resultados cuantitativos y cualitativos se constituyen en elementos de reflexión y análisis para incidir en cambios en la intervención docente, pues es un reflejo sistematizado de lo que ocurre en el proceso de formación de la carrera de enfermería.The present work arises from the worry based on the experience in the labor field of the sector health and, mainly, in the one acquired in the educational environment, where weaknesses were detected in the educational intervention and learning relationship, of teachers and students, in Nursery procedures - assistance and preventive - in the career of Degree in Nursery in the Michoacan University of San Nicolas of Hidalgo (MUSNH, Mexico. The above-mentioned has been observed especially in the 1º and 2º level of attention, in the institutions of health, where the students have to apply the acquired skills during their formations. For such a reason, the necessity arose of evaluating the students' learning process of the subjects "Basic Elements of Nursery" and "Nursery in Public Health" that are being studied in the 2º. Semester of the career and that are fundamental in the formation of both nurses and male nurses. This way, the character that acquires the educational intervention during the process of the nursery students' learning was evaluated. The quantitative and qualitative results are constituted in reflection elements and analysis to impact in changes in the educational intervention, because it is a systematized reflection of what happens in the process of formation of the Nursery career.
Ma. Martha Marín Laredo
This article describes a conceptual and methodological framework for evaluating nursing care quality. The conceptual framework is based on Orem's theory of self-care which emphasizes the importance of decisions in the selection of nursing process based on patient status and problems. The primary outcome criteria is self-care. The methodological framework is based on Greenfield's criteria maps methodology for linking patient status (problems or diagnoses) to decisions about nursing interventions and linking these specific nursing intervention criteria to desired outcomes for self-care. The article further describes a multiagency quality assurance programme for nursing. The programme includes: a definition of criteria and standards across agencies; nursing care management protocols that define standards of care; continuing education courses for nursing based on management protocols; the maps method of auditing actual and recorded nursing process and patient outcomes as defined in the management protocol. PMID:6919553
Padilla, G V; Grant, M M
This paper reports the results of a study conducted to: (1) design an instructional sequence to teach selected nursing curriculum development facts; (2) bring individual nursing instructors to a mastery level knowledge of basic theoretical models for nursing; and (3) demonstrate the applicability of the independent study approach to nursing…
Trani, Gilberta M.
Full Text Available In the process of cancer treatment and care, the ethical duties of the cancer nurses contribute to preventing ethical dilemmas, resolving ethical problems, and most importantly maintaining an ethical cancer care system. The ethical duties of humanistic caregiving, disclosure, honesty, relief of pain and suffering, fair distribution of resources, provision of adequate palliative care, and assistance to patients and families for imminent death, which are the hallmarks of oncology nursing, are justified by the values, professional standards and the contemporary roles of nursing. Therefore, ethical competency of the oncology nurse is an inevitable requirement.
Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En 1982 se inició la docencia en Licenciatura en Enfermería en nuestra provincia, por lo que se realizó un trabajo para valorar el comportamiento del Proceso Docente Educativo en la carrera hasta el 2006, a través de un estudio descriptivo y longitudinal del universo de estudiantes que han cursado e [...] studios en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas "Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara de la Serna" de P. del Río. Los datos fueron obtenidos en el Departamento de Secretaría Docente, Dirección Provincial de Salud, Carrera de Enfermería, así como entrevista realizada a profesores, los datos fueron procesados en minicalculadoras y se presentaron en tablas, utilizando el método porcentual aritmético. La Licenciatura se inició con un total de 8 profesores y 22 estudiantes, y hoy contamos en la provincia con un total de 6168 graduados, la promoción obtenida en los cursos académicos ha sido correcta (generalmente superior al 90%). El curso 2005-2006 fue el de la primera graduación de Enfermeros Básicos y Técnicos Medio procedentes del Nuevo Modelo Pedagógico, así como la primera graduación de Técnicos Básicos en Urgencias Médicas, los estudiantes han mantenido la participación en actividades culturales, deportivas y científicas. Abstract in english In 1982 the teaching process of Nursing studies started in Pinar del Río, so a research is carried out to assess the behaviour of the Educative Teaching Process in Nursing major till 2006 through a descriptive and longitudinal study, taking as sample the students that have enrolled Nursing major at [...] "Ernesto Guevarade la Serna" Medical School. Data were collected from the Department of the General-Secretary, Provincial health Direction, the records of the Nursing major and interviewing professors; data were processed using minicalculators and showed in tables through percentage arithmetical method. Baccalaureate in Nursing began with a total of 8 professors and 22 students, nowadays the province has a total of 6168 nursing graduates. Promotion obtained in the academic courses has been correct (generally higher than 90%). In the academic course 2005-2006 was the first graduation of Basic Nurses and Technicians from the New Pedagogical Model as well as the first one of Basic Technicians in Emergency Medicine. Students have maintained a good participation in cultural, sports and scientific activities.
Mercedes, López Álvarez; Esperanza, Pozo Madera; Caridad, Torres García; Liduvina, Álvarez Miranda; Silvia, Alonso Pérez.
This descriptive, exploratory study aimed to validate nursing interventions proposed by the Nursing Interventions Classification for impaired skin integrity, deficient knowledge, ineffective therapeutic regimen management for predominant nursing diagnoses in people with diabetes. Participants were 21 specialist nurses in diabetes mellitus in Brazil, in 2007. Interventions were analyzed according to Fehring's evaluation model. The nursing interventions with the highest weighted average were care to injuries: closed drainage and circulatory precautions for the impaired skin integrity nursing diagnosis, teaching: disease process and teaching: prescribed medication for deficient knowledge and teaching: disease process and teaching: prescribed diet for ineffective therapeutic regimen management. Among the 1005 activities of nursing, 51% were validated as very characteristic by experts. Other studies should be carried out to expand the validation of the nursing interventions to people with diabetes mellitus in Brazil, searching for scientific evidences for care to these clients. PMID:21445505
de Souza Teixeira, Carla Regina; Becker, Tânia Alves Canata; Citro, Rachel; Zanetti, Maria Lúcia; Landim, Camila Aparecida Pinheiro
Due to its geographic position and the effect of changes in both global and island-specific environments, Taiwan is an area highly prone to natural disasters. While responsibility for national disaster prevention and rescue are distributed amongst various authorities, healthcare agencies hold sole responsibility for the treatment of injuries sustained during disaster events. Disaster casualties require differing levels of medical assistance. In order to respond systematically to disaster events, the government should require that all healthcare facilities operate a hospital emergency incident command system (HEICS). Past experience shows the important role that nurses play in the disaster relief process. The 911 disaster in the United States both helped reorient the direction of nursing education and emphasized teaching practical strategies, standard operating procedures, and frequently asked questions for nurses. Recognizing the limited research done worldwide on disaster nursing, the World Society of Disaster Nursing (WSDN) was established in 2008 in Kobe, Japan. The main purposes of the WSDN is to promote international academic exchange, establish an Internet information exchange platform, and organize international disaster nursing related activities. The WSDN has suggested that future research may focus in on critical issues that include post-disaster health status follow-up, exploration of the healthcare needs and other issues of disaster survivors, care skills development, and the potential for development of cooperative support networks between medical institutions. PMID:20535673
Chen, Li-Chin; Fan, Jun-Yu
For the final assessment piece of her Bachelor of Education the author was asked to use the STELLA Standards Framework (Standards for Teachers of English Language and Literacy in Australia) to critically analyse and reflect on personally significant incidents which occurred during her final practicums. The objective was to be able to communicate…
Troubleshooting skills are integral for the Information Technology professional. In order to address faculty concerns that students were not effectively learning required troubleshooting skills, a standardized troubleshooting methodology (the DECSAR Method) was created and integrated into the standard curriculum of a college information technology…
Ross, Craig; Orr, R. Robert
The occupational health-nursing practitioner often becomes involved in ethical dilemmas with regard to the handling of HIV-positive people in the workplace in that the interests of the HIV-positive people conflict with the interests of the employer.
Die beroepsgesondheidsverpleegkundige raak dikwels in etiese dilemmas betrokke ten opsigte van die hantering van die MIV-positiewe persoon by die werkplek deurdat die belange van die MIV-positiewe pers...
Botes, A. C.; Otto, M.
The Swedish health care system stands before an implementation of standardized language. The first classification of nursing diagnoses translated into Swedish, The NANDA, was released in January 2011. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the usage of the NANDA classification affected nursing students’ choice of nursing interventions. Thirty-three nursing students in a clinical setting were divided into two groups. The intervention group had access to the NANDA classification ...
Falk, Joakim; Bjo?rvell, Catrin
The purpose of this study was to determine the present situation of occupational health nursing (OHN) education and to discuss future problems facing the fundamental nursing teaching staff. We conducted a questionnaire among fundamental nursing teachers, and our results showed that in occupational health nursing there is a gap between what is being taught at present and what the teaching staff thinks should be taught. In addition, the questionnaire showed that nursing teachers desire to teach such subjects as understanding of clients, health problems, methods of health management, the definition of OHN and concrete care in OHN, from 2 to 10 hours in the community health nursing course of the future. Because we believe that occupational health nurses can acquire a deeper knowledge and practice in continuous training, including postgraduate training, than in a fundamental nursing course, we suggest that there is the problem of how to combine fundamental nursing and continuous education in the future should be carefully studied. PMID:11431965
Yamase, Y; Nobuchika, H; Ishimatsu, N
Full Text Available The demand for higher education has increased worldwide and the response has been an impressive expansion of educational offerings both within and across countries. The purpose of this manuscript is to emphasize the necessity of common educational standards for nurses in a globalized world. Common standards are crucial in regulated professions, such as nursing, in which lives depend on the possession of specific competencies. This article defines and describes globalization and the internationalization of education, including nursing education, discusses the exporting of nursing education, identifies the challenges and current solutions related to nurse migration, and presents current standards and future trends in harmonizing nursing education internationally.
Introduction: Ineffective communication is a main factor in engender of unwanted hospital errors and impede suitable patient care. SBAR technique (Situation-Background- Assessment- Recommendation) is a standard tool for building communication among healthcare professionals. While educating the SBAR technique requires appropriate educational methods, but this issue has been less investigated. So, the aim of present study was to compare the effect of educating the SBAR technique ...
Narges Toghian Chaharsoughi; Shahnaz Ahrari; Shahnaz Alikhah
Full Text Available The occupational health-nursing practitioner often becomes involved in ethical dilemmas with regard to the handling of HIV-positive people in the workplace in that the interests of the HIV-positive people conflict with the interests of the employer.
Die beroepsgesondheidsverpleegkundige raak dikwels in etiese dilemmas betrokke ten opsigte van die hantering van die MIV-positiewe persoon by die werkplek deurdat die belange van die MIV-positiewe persoon botsend is met die belange van die werkgewer. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
A C Botes
Semistructured interviews were conducted with 15 deans and directors of nursing programs across the United States to gain an understanding of how Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)-prepared nurses seeking academic positions are hired and used in schools of nursing. Interviews sought to gain information regarding (a) differences and similarities in the roles and responsibilities of DNP- and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)-prepared faculty, (b) educational advancement and mentoring of DNP-prepared nurse faculty, (c) recruitment of doctorally prepared nurse faculty, and (d) shortages of nursing faculty. DNP- and PhD-prepared nurse faculty are hired for varying roles in baccalaureate and higher degree schools of nursing, some similar to other faculty with master's degrees and others similar to those with PhDs; in associate degree in nursing programs, they are largely hired for the same type of work as nurse faculty with master's degrees. Regardless of program or degree type, the main role of DNP-prepared faculty is teaching. PMID:25050562
Agger, Charlotte A; Oermann, Marilyn H; Lynn, Mary R
This exploratory case study investigates relationships between use of an inquiry-based instructional style and student scores on standardized multiple-choice tests. The study takes the form of a case study of physical science classes taught by one of the authors over a span of four school years. The first 2 years were taught using traditional…
Tretter, Thomas R.; Jones, M. Gail
This article discusses a case study that was initiated by a Graduate Nurse Coordinator of an acute care inpatient hospital in Australia. It outlines the conceptualisation and creative implementation of a structured group problem based learning activity which was a component of a Graduate Nurse Program. The learning activity was based on the beliefs that knowledge acquisition today is an active process and should focus on the learner developing strategies to obtain, review and manage information. The learning activity implemented in this case study was valuable as it recognised the benefits that can be gained for the Graduate Nurse by ensuring the context of their teaching and learning activities is grounded in practical experiences. The learning activity aimed to prepare Graduate Nurses to cope with the multiple challenges faced as they enter the nursing profession by enhancing their skills of inquiry, problem solving and reasoning. The evaluation of this case study found that the incorporation of structured group problem based learning did promote the achievement of these educational outcomes with Graduate Nurses displaying critical thinking, clinical judgment and knowledge acquisition skills. An unexpected benefit of this activity for Graduate Nurses was the enhancement of clinical practice behaviours, such as communication and interactive skills. This case study describes the positive outcomes not only for Graduates Nurses in the application of their learning but also the wider benefits which can be gained for the organisation, patient care standards and the health care team. It is anticipated that this article will be an inspiration to others who are interested in implementing innovative teaching strategies into Graduate Nurse Programs. PMID:19501549
Vittrup, Ann-Charlotte; Davey, Anna
Background and Objectives: Effective nurse-physician communication is essential for provision of high quality clinical care. Research into nurse-physician communication is a new field in Iran, and the importance of the issue calls for further investigation. In response to this necessity, this study aimed to assess nurses’ perception of nurse-physician communication in teaching hospitals affiliated with Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, situated in Bandar Abbas, at the shore of t...
Babak Moeini; Laleh Hasani; Teamur Aghamolaei; Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian
This paper describes the planning and implementation of a Local Area Network (LAN) for the nursing service of a 504-bed urban teaching hospital. The major goals of the network were: support for nurse executives, nurse managers, and the departmental assistants assigned to administrative offices; increased efficiency and effectiveness of the nursing administrative areas; and improved communication systems. Collaboration between the nursing service and the Computer Information Center (CIC) resul...
Chapman, R. H.; Reiley, P.; Mckinney, J.; Toomey, B.; Powers, E.; Mccausland, M.
Full Text Available As research and funding continue to replace teaching as the central mission in more colleges and universities, nursing faculty will be expected to engage in research endeavours as proof of scholarship involvement. However, the multiple roles of the nursing faculty coupled with the pressure to engage in research and funding endeavours have led to increased stress and burnout and increased attrition rate. The purpose of this paper is to delineate the expected roles of the nursing faculty related to the trilogy of teaching, research and service and recommend that colleges/universities recognize not only research as scholarship, but also teaching and service. An integrative review of the literature using books and journals from nursing and other relevant disciplines related to the multiple roles of nursing faculty was conducted. Teaching is a vital role and should remain the central mission of colleges/universities to ensure effective pedagogy. Institutions of higher learning should adapt an umbrella of scholarship under which falls teaching, research, and service; thus, teaching would be considered scholarship.
Neely-Smith, Shane L.
Managing symptoms, providing information, and supporting families as well as patients are key aspects of palliative care. However, palliative care definitions and perspectives vary widely in clinical practice and often do not align with palliative care organizations' perspectives. Definitional discrepancies may result in delayed referrals and role confusion, which often limit the effectiveness of palliative care programs and contribute to gaps in care and services for patients and their families. The aim of this research study was to explore oncology nurses' perspectives of palliative care through narrative analysis of participants' descriptions of life experiences. Studying nurses' perceptions of their roles in palliative care offers an opportunity to examine and improve clinical practice. Nine focus groups were conducted with 33 oncology nurses in three medical centers in the midwestern region of the United States. Researchers inductively coded research text within each focus group session, sorted across sessions using Atlas.ti 5.2 software, and then applied categorical-content narrative analysis. Findings revealed five primary nursing roles: teaching, caring, coordinating, advocating, and mobilizing. In all five roles, seven professional attributes were described: clinical expertise, honesty, family orientation, perceptive attentiveness, presence, collaboration, and deliberateness. Integrating palliative care standards into role and attribute development and working with palliative care specialty teams are suggested. PMID:19648096
Pavlish, Carol; Ceronsky, Lyn
Full Text Available Este artigo tece algumas considerações reflexivas sobre o ensino de Administração em Enfermagem, desde a sua origem até os dias atuais. Ressalta o papel de Florence Nightingale e suas idéias modernizadoras na Enfermagem, destacando a visão administrativa presente no trabalho do enfermeiro. A seguir, apresenta a trajetória desse ensino na Educação em Enfermagem no Brasil. Assim sendo, tem como objetivo registrar a sua evolução, analisando suas diferentes fases e os fatores que determinaram as mudanças ocorridas. Podemos afirmar que esse ensino até a década de 70 foi marcado por um viés conservador e autoritário. A partir dos anos 80, vem mudando essa postura e isso se expressa pelas publicações mais críticas e pelo debate no interior da profissão, em sintonia, naturalmente, com o processo de abertura democrática que se instalou no país.Este artículo tece algunas consideraciones reflexivas sobre la enseñanza de administracíon en enfermería, desde su origen hasta los días actuales. Resalta él papel de Florene Nightingale y sus ideas modernistas en la enfermería, destacando la visíon administrativa presente en él trabajo del enfermero. En seguida, presenta la tryectoria de esa enseñanza en la educación en enfermería en Brasil. Así, tiene como objeto determinado las transformaciones ocurridas. Podremos afirmar que esa enseñanza, hasta la década de 70, fue marcada por un modo conservador y autoritario. A partir de los años 80, viene cambiando esa postura que se expresa por las publicaciones más críticas y por él debate de la profesión, en sintonía, naturalmente, con él proceso de apertura democratica que se ha instalado en él país.This article traces some developments in the teaching of Administration in Nursing, from its origins to the present time. The role of Florence Nightingale and her modern ideas in Nursing, are emphasized, focusing on the administrative vision of work in nursing. The work presents the trajectory of this teaching in nursing education in Brazil. Therefore, the goal is to register its evolution and analyze the different phases and factors that determined the changes that have occurred. We can affirm that this teaching, up to the 70's, was marked by conservative authoritarian practices. Beginning in the 80's, there have been changes in this posture and this has been expressed in the more critical publications and through debate within the profession, in syntony, naturally, with the democratic opening that has taken place in the country.
Jacinta Maria Morais Formiga
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo tece algumas considerações reflexivas sobre o ensino de Administração em Enfermagem, desde a sua origem até os dias atuais. Ressalta o papel de Florence Nightingale e suas idéias modernizadoras na Enfermagem, destacando a visão administrativa presente no trabalho do enfermeiro. A seguir, [...] apresenta a trajetória desse ensino na Educação em Enfermagem no Brasil. Assim sendo, tem como objetivo registrar a sua evolução, analisando suas diferentes fases e os fatores que determinaram as mudanças ocorridas. Podemos afirmar que esse ensino até a década de 70 foi marcado por um viés conservador e autoritário. A partir dos anos 80, vem mudando essa postura e isso se expressa pelas publicações mais críticas e pelo debate no interior da profissão, em sintonia, naturalmente, com o processo de abertura democrática que se instalou no país. Abstract in spanish Este artículo tece algunas consideraciones reflexivas sobre la enseñanza de administracíon en enfermería, desde su origen hasta los días actuales. Resalta él papel de Florene Nightingale y sus ideas modernistas en la enfermería, destacando la visíon administrativa presente en él trabajo del enfermer [...] o. En seguida, presenta la tryectoria de esa enseñanza en la educación en enfermería en Brasil. Así, tiene como objeto determinado las transformaciones ocurridas. Podremos afirmar que esa enseñanza, hasta la década de 70, fue marcada por un modo conservador y autoritario. A partir de los años 80, viene cambiando esa postura que se expresa por las publicaciones más críticas y por él debate de la profesión, en sintonía, naturalmente, con él proceso de apertura democratica que se ha instalado en él país. Abstract in english This article traces some developments in the teaching of Administration in Nursing, from its origins to the present time. The role of Florence Nightingale and her modern ideas in Nursing, are emphasized, focusing on the administrative vision of work in nursing. The work presents the trajectory of th [...] is teaching in nursing education in Brazil. Therefore, the goal is to register its evolution and analyze the different phases and factors that determined the changes that have occurred. We can affirm that this teaching, up to the 70's, was marked by conservative authoritarian practices. Beginning in the 80's, there have been changes in this posture and this has been expressed in the more critical publications and through debate within the profession, in syntony, naturally, with the democratic opening that has taken place in the country.
Jacinta Maria Morais, Formiga; Raimunda Medeiros, Germano.
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Diante das mudanças curriculares do ensino médico e da importância da promoção de saúde e da atenção primária, este trabalho, fruto do PET-Saúde, possui como objetivo relatar uma experiência dos alunos do curso de Medicina e Enfermagem na integração entre ensino e serviço na Atenção Básica à Saúde. [...] Além disso, mostra a importância do trabalho educativo na promoção de saúde e prevenção de doenças e evidencia os determinantes sociais no processo saúde-doença no território estudado. Este projeto foi dividido em duas fases: a primeira constou do cadastramento familiar do território adstrito à Unidade Saúde da Família do bairro utilizado como campo de ensino pela FMJ. A segunda trata da análise quanti-qualitativa realizada a partir dos dados colhidos, por meio dos quais foram elaboradas ações com foco na saúde da criança, saúde da mulher e saúde do adulto/idoso. Este artigo destaca as realizações na área de saúde da criança sobre os seguintes temas: acidentes na infância; aleitamento materno; obesidade; doenças respiratórias; anemia; e verminoses. Abstract in english Given curricular changes in medical education and the importance of health promotion and primary care, the current study, which resulted from the Educational Program for Health Work (PET-Saúde), aimed to report on the experience of a group of medical and nursing students with the integration of educ [...] ational activities and primary healthcare. The study also demonstrates the importance of educational work in health promotion and disease prevention and reveals social determinants in the health-disease process in the study area. The project included two phases: 1) enrollment of families in the coverage area of the Family Health Unit in the neighborhood used as the teaching area for the Jundiai School of Medicine (FMJ) and 2) a quantitative and qualitative data analysis, used to prepare activities with a focus on the health of children, women, and adults and the elderly. This article emphasizes the achievements in children's health on the following issues: prevention of childhood accidents; breastfeeding; obesity; respiratory diseases; anemia; and intestinal parasites.
Bruna Brenha, Ribeiro; Juliane Beatrice, Eckert; Anna Carolina de Miranda e, Figueiredo; Wania Maria Papile, Galhardi; Célia Martins, Campanaro.
Full Text Available Ensinar alunos a aprender a aprender é um desafio para as escolas que pretendem formar indivíduos autônomos e capazes de tomar decisões. Esses são aspectos essenciais para profissionais da área da saúde que se defrontam permanentemente com situações complexas e com uma multiplicidade de problemas a [...] serem resolvidos pela atuação profissional. O desejo de mudanças, explícito no discurso dos educadores, não garante alterações substanciais na forma como o ensino vem sendo desenvolvido. Como promover essas alterações é uma pergunta ainda sem resposta. Os estudos desenvolvidos, nas duas últimas décadas, sobre metacognição parecem apontar uma estratégia possível de ser utilizada para transformar conhecimento em conduta profissional relevante, uma vez que favorece o pensar sobre o processo de pensamento e o desenvolvimento e controle de habilidades mentais capazes de promover maximização no uso das potencialidades individuais necessárias ao enfermeiro para resolver problemas de saúde. Abstract in spanish Enseñar al alumno para que aprenda, es un enorme desafío de las escuelas que intentan formar individuos con autonomía y con capacidad para tomar decisiones. Esta autonomía junto con la capacidad de tomar decisiones, son considerados aspectos primordiales para los profesionales del área de la salud, [...] los cuales constantemente se enfrentan con situaciones complejas y con una diversidad de problemas para solucionarlos a través de su actuación profesional. El hecho de que esta intención esté involucrada en el discurso de los educadores, no garantiza que ocurran alteraciones importantes en la forma como la enseñanza está desarrollándose. ¿Cómo se pueden promover esas alteraciones? Esta es una pregunta aún sin respuesta. Los estudios desarrollados en las dos últimas décadas sobre cognición y metacognición al parecer se orientan hacia una estrategia posible de ser utilizada, para transformar el conocimiento en una conducta profesional relevante, ya que favorece el pensar sobre el proceso del pensamiento y el desarrollo y control de las habilidades mentales capaces de promover al máximo, el uso de las potencialidades individuales necesarias para que el enfermero pueda solucionar problemas de salud. Abstract in english Teaching students to learn how to learn is a challenge for schools that intend to form autonomous people who are capable of taking decisions. These are essential aspects for health professionals who are permanently confronted with complex situations and a multiplicity of problems to be solved by pro [...] fessional actions. The desire for changes, which is explicit in educators' discourse, does not guarantee substantial changes in the form teaching is being developed. The question about how to promote these alterations still remains unanswered. Studies developed in the last two decades about cognition and metacognition seem to indicate a possible strategy to transform knowledge into relevant professional behavior, since it favors thinking about the thinking process as well as the development and control of mental abilities that are capable of maximizing the use of the individual potentialities necessary for a nurse to solve health problems.
Nilva Lúcia Rech, Stedile; Maria Romana, Friendlander.
Repensando a licenciatura em enfermagem à luz das diretrizes curriculares Repensar la licenciatura en enfermería a la luz de las directrices curriculares Rethinking the Teaching Major in Nursing under current Curricular Guidelines
Full Text Available Trata-se de um relato da construção da proposta curricular para o curso de Licenciatura em Enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS. Neste artigo é apresentado um breve histórico do curso de licenciatura, a estrutura curricular atual do curso da UFRGS, bem como a legislação pertinente no âmbito da educação e da enfermagem. Finalizando, são relatados os estudos da Coordenadoria das Licenciaturas (COORLICEN da UFRGS e a proposta de alteração curricular do curso contemplando as Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais para a Formação de Professores e a regulamentação do exercício profissional.Se trata de un relato para construir la propuesta curricular para el curso de Licenciatura en Enfermeria de la Universidad Federal de Rio Grande del Sur(UFRGS. En artículo presenta un breve histórico del curso de licenciatura, la estructura curricular actual del curso de la UFRGS, así como la legislación pertinente en ámbito de la educación y de la enfermeria. Al finalizar, se comentan los estudios de la Coordinaduría de las Licenciaturas (COORLICEN de la UFRGS y la propuesta de alteración curricular del curso, para contemplar las Directrices Curriculares Nacionales para la Formación de Profesores y la reglamentación del ejercicio profesional.This is a report about the design of a curricular proposal for the Teaching Major in Nursing from Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS. In this article, we present a brief history line of this undergraduate program, its current curricular structure at UFRGS, as well as existing legislation both at its educational and nursing levels. Finally, the results of studies carried out by the Teaching Majors Coordination (COORLICEN at UFRGS are reported, besides a proposal for curricular changes to the nursing major, according to the National Curricular Guidelines for Teacher Education and legislation pertaining to this profession.
Maria de Graça Corso da Motta
Full Text Available Background: QSEN has a variety of suggested strategies for teaching safe medication administration; however they do not have a recommendation for how to assess it. The purpose of this study was to gain information on how safe medication administration is assessed in nursing education.Methods: A survey was developed to identify methods used by nursing faculty members to assess nursing students’ knowledge and skills of safe medication administration. The specific research questions addressed in the survey were: 1 How is safe medication administration assessed prior to students entering the clinical area, 2 How is safe medication administration assessed during clinical, 3 How is knowledge of “right drug” assessed in the classroom and 4 How is knowledge of “right dose” assessed in the classroom setting. Results: The results of the survey indicated no standardized method for assessing safe medication administration in nursing education.Conclusions: There is much variation in how and when safe medication administration is assessed in the education setting. There is a need for a valid and reliable comprehensive assessment of safe medication administration in order to evaluate whether nursing students have the knowledge, skills and attitude to safely administrate medications.
Kelly J. Gonzales
Capacitação profissional do enfermeiro de um complexo hospitalar de ensino na visão de seus gestores Capacitación profesional del enfermero de un complejo hospitalario de enseñanza en la visión de sus gestores Directors of nursing point of view of the professional capacitating program for nurses working in major teaching medical centers
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar o perfil de capacitação profissional do enfermeiro de um Complexo Hospitalar de Ensino, a partir da percepção das Diretoras de Enfermagem. MÉTODOS: Nesta pesquisa qualitativa utilizou-se o método do Estudo de Caso e adotou-se a técnica da entrevista semi-estruturada realizada com 12 colaboradores. RESULTADOS: Os dados coletados, analisados utilizando-se a Análise de Conteúdo, possibilitaram o resgate das Categorias Política Institucional, Política de Gerenciamento de Recursos Humanos e Elementos Intervenientes no Processo de Capacitação Profissional do Enfermeiro. CONCLUSÕES: Não há uma política institucional formalizada de capacitação do enfermeiro; a questão salarial é elemento dificultador para a capacitação; a contrapartida das instituições de ensino aparece como recurso para capacitação; dois Institutos não possuem Serviço de Educação Continuada e o perfil demandado é de um profissional com postura ética, conhecimento técnico-científico, capacidade de gerenciar sua equipe, assíduo, pontual e comprometido com a Instituição.OBJETIVO: Caracterizar el perfil de capacitación profesional del enfermero de un Complejo Hospitalario de Enseñanza, a partir de la percepción de las Directoras de Enfermería. MÉTODOS: en esta investigación cualitativa se utilizó el método del Estudio de Caso adoptándose la técnica de la entrevista semi-estructurada realizada con 12 colaboradores. RESULTADOS: Los datos recolectados, analizados por medio del Análisis de Contenido, posibilitaron el rescate de las Categorías Política Institucional, Política de Gerenciamiento de Recursos Humanos y Elementos Intervinientes en el Proceso de Capacitación Profesional del Enfermero. CONCLUSIONES: No hay una política institucional formalizada de capacitación del enfermero; la cuestión salarial es el elemento que dificulta la capacitación; la contrapartida de las instituciones de enseñanza aparece como recurso para capacitación; dos Institutos no poseen Servicio de Educación Continua y el perfil demandado es el de un profesional con postura ética, conocimiento técnico-científico, capacidad para gerenciar su equipo, asiduo, puntual y comprometido con la Institución.OBJECTIVE: To characterize the components of a capacitating program for nurses working in major teaching medical centers. METHODS: A case study approach was used to conduct this study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 12 directors of nursing. Data were analyzed through content analysis. RESULTS: The findings consisted of the following themes: Institutional politics, human resources policies, and specific intervening elements of the professional capacitating program for nurses. CONCLUSIONS: There were no formal institutional policies for professional capacitation of nurses. The nurses' salary level was an element that made the implementation of a professional capacitating program for nurses difficult. Two medical centers did not have a department of continuing education. In addition, there was a need for capacitating nurses to: behave ethically; develop scientific, technical, and management knowledge; and, be assiduous, punctual, and committed to the institution.
Juliana Caires de Oliveira Achili Ferreira
Full Text Available In this paper, an online education tool for assisting the teaching and learning of the IEEE 1500 standard testability method, used to support the testing of complex system-on-a-chip (SoC integrated circuits (ICs, is developed and presented. The tool is an Internet browser based tool that supports the ability to investigate key aspects of the standard and its application to embedded core-based IC designs. The tool allows the user to create VHDL descriptions of both the test circuitry and the function circuitry via the Internet browser interface. The key considerations for developing this tool were to provide a computer based learning tool to support the teaching and learning of the standard and its application. This paper is an extended version of a paper presented at the EDUCON 2012 conference in April 2012.
Ian A Grout
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Essa pesquisa teve como objetivo analisar como o ensino de graduação na enfermagem, no Rio Grande do Sul construiu o seu saber, desde o primeiro curso, a partir da década de 1950. O estudo envolveu enfermeiras docentes que vivenciaram esse período da história e, para análise documental, foi utilizad [...] a a análise de discurso. Os dados indicam, dentre eles, o currículo mais integrado que busca articular teoria/prática sem fragmentação do saber e a relação ensino-aprendizagem, na qual professor e aluno são sujeitos desse processo. Abstract in spanish Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar como la enseñanza de la pregrado de Enfermería en Río Grande do Sul construyó su saber, desde el primer curso, a partir de la década de 1950. El estudio integró enfermeras docentes que vivenciaron ese periodo de la historia y, para el análisis documenta [...] l, fue utilizado el análisis del discurso.Los datos indican, entre ellos, el curriculum más integrado que busca articular teoría y práctica sin fragmentación del saber y la relación enseñanza aprendizaje, en la cuál el profesor y el alumno son sujetos de ese processo. Abstract in english The purpose of this research was to analyze how the undergraduate teaching of nursing in Rio Grande do Sul has constructed its knowledge, since the first course, as of the decade of 1950s. The survey has involved teaching nurses who have lived such period of our history, and the discourse analysis h [...] as been utilized for the documental analysis. The information data indicate, among them, the most integrated curriculum that seeks articulating theory/practice without fragmenting the knowledge and the teaching-learning relationship, wherein professors and students are subjects of such procedure.
Valéria Lamb, Corbellini; Beatriz Sebben, Ojeda; Beatriz Regina Lara dos, Santos; Marion, Creutzberg.
The National League for Nursing (NLN) was founded in 1893 as the American Society of Superintendents of Training Schools for Nurses. It was the first nursing organization in the United States, and its commitment to the profession includes crafting quality educational resources for those who teach in nursing schools. In the Faculty Toolkits area of this website, visitors can look over nine different resources, including the Diversity Toolkit and The Mentoring of Nursing Faculty Tool Kit. Each of these resources is designed to focus on a specific area of nursing, such as teaching diversity, crafting innovative curricula, or creating a meaningful work environment. The resources all containing helpful materials, including worksheets, discussion questions, and teacher guides.
Full Text Available Nursing is at a critical point with a global need to increase the number of nurses to provide healthcare. However it is difficult to fulfill that demand because of high attrition rates in nursing school and subsequent attrition in nursing within a few years after graduation. This summative review aims to synthesize salutogenic education research to identify methods suitable to promote retention and maintenance of nursing students in nursing education. Nursing school is inherently stressful often leading to attrition in nursing school. Often those student nurses who graduate are not well equipped to manage stress in the work environment; some leave the nursing profession early in their careers. Thus it is imperative for nursing educators to promote nursing student retention and nursing student wellness so that those students will remain in nursing after graduation. Thirty-nine studies, were selected from peer-reviewed research published in English since 1979, based on inclusion criteria that sense of cohesion (SOC is a variable with a nursing student, student or educational focus. Evidence indicates students with high SOC experience greater psychosocial functioning and that SOC is related to social dimensions of the learning environment. In addition, resilience is an important consideration since some students are able to “beat the odds” and develop high SOC and social functioning. Consensus regarding academic success was not found; however, longitudinal studies suggest students with high SOC have long-term academic and employment success. Gender findings were mixed implying context is an important consideration. Multiple studies support the premise that higher SOC is associated with student perceptions of less stress, better health, wellbeing and better quality of life. There exists a large gap in the body of knowledge related to research of interventions promoting nursing student wellness using SOC. Further research is needed to determine how we teach and whether the integration of salutogenic concepts into nursing education can promote academic success in nursing students.
Ernestine H. Cuellar
The health care marketplace is becoming increasingly competitive. The hospital has a built-in marketing force with the nursing department, because nurses are in constant, direct contact with the customer. Nursing must identify the case mix profile of the community and focus the hospital product lines to meet community needs. The nursing department should decentralize, change, measure, and innovate the staff mix needed to operationalize these product lines. The development of nursing practice standards for the case mix will help to identify the staff mix needed and create systems to efficiently manage the product lines. Nursing management must become aware of cross-subsidization and downward skill substitution of nursing personnel. Nursing information systems must generate quality reports that invoke cost consciousness on the part of nursing staff. Quality assurance programs must become unit based and complete with frequent audits to correlate length of stay with nursing quality. Correlations must be determined between nursing productivity and case mix to determine the hospital's niche in the marketplace. The transformation of health care into a competitive business industry has created many opportunities for nursing. The health care industry's incentives for efficiency along with the decreasing demand for inpatient hospital services will be the forces driving health care toward a competitive marketplace. The hospital's nursing department should be strategically positioned to become accountable for increasing market share and enhancing quality patient outcomes. The focus has shifted from the theoretical to the tactical, which is a step in the right direction, particularly for nursing. Nursing, if strategically positioned, will not only thrive but will also excel in this chaotic environment by capturing the opportunities and being innovative. PMID:3047695
Shaffer, F A; Preziosi, P
The application of nursing models has been a recent theme in British nursing. Part of this process is the development of a nursing philosophy which underpins the model. Nurses at clinical level are often required to define their philosophy to meet clinical, educational and managerial objectives. The first part of this two-part article explores the significance of nursing philosophy to practice. In the second part, a case study is used to illustrate how clinical nurses can set about defining a philosophy of nursing for themselves. Dickoff et al (1) indicate that a philosophy is significant in the generation of theory. By identifying the nature of practice, theoretical relationships become apparent. It is also significant as Johnson (2) states in nursing's development as a profession. Johnson further asserts that nurses should use their beliefs to build a conceptual system of the person to be served and an abstract model for practice which allows such purpose to be fulfilled. However a nurse's beliefs and values about nursing may have no theoretical substance to them. They may be purely intuitive in nature. Writing a philosophy legitimates intuition. Kitson (3) considers that nurse theorists who believe that only developing a knowledge base through a scientific approach are at risk of throwing away the intuitive sources of knowledge within nursing. Yet gut reactions have been shown to be critical in the development of excellence in nursing (4). Kitson believes that intuitions can lead to developing 'grassroots standards of care' and a clearer definition of what nursing is.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2615864
This paper describes a school-based asthma education program for rural elementary school nurses. The program was designed to teach school nurses in 7 rural counties in Maryland how to implement and to reinforce asthma management behaviors in children with asthma and their caregivers. Rural nurses who participated in this program increased their…
Winkelstein, Marilyn L.; Quartey, Ruth; Pham, Luu; Lewis-Boyer, LaPricia; Lewis, Cassia; Hill, Kimberly; Butz, Arlene
Ensino de Enfermagem Obstétrica no Brasil: (des)acertos 1972-1996 / Teaching of Obstetrical Nursing in Brazil: successes and failures from 1972 to 1996 / Enseñanza de Enfermería Obstétrica en Brazil: (des)aciertos 1972-1996
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Pesquisa descritiva com abordagem qualitativa. Considera contexto político-social do ensino em Enfermagem (graduação), com ênfase na política de formação. Descreveu-se e analisou-se programas de ensino de Enfermagem Obstétrica (1972-1996), adotados por cinco Instituições de Ensino Superior, uma por [...] região geográfica, para análise dialética da temática e conteúdos. Evidenciou-se que as disciplinas da área atendiam prioritariamente propostas governamentais centradas no ciclo gravídico-puerperal, embora houvesse alguma influência dos movimentos político-sociais, principalmente feminista e sanitarista progressista que fundamentavam o PAISM. Não foram explicitados conteúdos emergentes desses movimentos (saúde da família, subjetividade; violência, gênero, dentre outros). A maioria das instituições encontrava-se em reformulação curricular para atender ao Parecer Nº. 314/94 que determina currículo de formação do enfermeiro generalista no Brasil. Abstract in spanish Investigación descriptiva con abordaje cualitativo. Considera el contexto político-social de enseñanza en Enfermería (prégrado), con énfasis en la política de formación. Se describió y se analizó programas de enseñanza de Enfermería Obstétrica (1972-1996), adoptados por cinco instituciones de enseña [...] nza superior, una por región geográfica, para análisis dialéctica de temática y contenidos. Se evidenció que disciplinas del área atendían prioritariamente propuestas gubernamentales centradas al ciclo grávido-puerperal, sin embargo influencia de movimientos políticos-sociales, principalmente feminista y sanitarista progresista que fundamentaban el PAISM. No fueran discriminados contenidos emergentes de eses movimientos (salud familiar, subjetividad, violencia, género, entre otros). La mayoría de las instituciones estudiadas se encontraban en reformulación curricular para atender al parecer nº 314/94, lo cual (determina currículo de formación del enfermero generalista en Brasil. Abstract in english Investigation with descriptive and qualitative approach. Political-social context of Nurse teaching are analyzed, with emphasis in policies formation. Teaching programs of Obstetrical Nursing from 1972 to1996 utilized by five graduate teaching schools were described and analyzed according to geograp [...] hical region, for dialetic analysis of thematic and contents. It was evidenced that disciplines has given priority for governmental purposes centered on pregnant-puerperal cycle, although it should had some political-social movements influence, mainly feminist and progressive sanitation, on which the PAISM is based. The emerging content of these movements were not exposed (family health, subjectivity, violence, gender, among others). Most of institutions were on curricular reformulation to attend the 314/94 statement which determines generalist nurse curriculum in Brazil.
Maria Antonieta Rubio, Tyrrel; Antonio Eduardo Vieira dos, Santos; Eduardo Alexander Júlio César F., Lucas.
Una metodología alternativa para la enseñanza de la anatomía en los de estudios enfermería de la Universidad de Carabobo An alternative methodology for the teaching of anatomy in Nursing at the University of Carabobo
Full Text Available El propósito del presente estudio es ofrecer una alternativa metodológica para la enseñanza de la Anatomía humana que contribuya a mejorar el rendimiento académico de los Enfermería de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud de la Universidad de Carabobo en dicha asignatura. Participaron en el experimento cincuenta estudiantes del ler. Año de Enfermería, cursantes de Anatomía humana, subdivididos en dos grupos identificados como grupo control y experimental. El diseño de la investigación es de tipo casi-experimental y metodología de trabajo es evaluativa-experimental. Para la recolección de la información se utilizaron tres instrumentos: una encuesta tipo escala de Lickert consistente de cuarenta proposiciones relacionadas con la los estudiantes hacia el estudio de la asignatura y la metodología de la enseñanza (EAEAM, acompañada de la escala de Intereses de Thrustone y del Test Psicométrico de Raven, a fin de determinar sus relaciones de acuerdo a los objetivos de la investigación. En función de los resultados empíricos del experimento y de la revisión y recopilación de la literatura del tema en estudio, se presenta una propuesta metodológica para enseñanza de la Anatomía humana, cuya naturaleza teórico-práctica exige: el estudio previo, la observación, la discusión y, fundamentalmente, la disección como alternativa para mejorar el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes de Enfermería.An alternative methodology for teaching of Human Anatomy which contributes to improve academic yield by Nursing students at the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Carabobo is presented. A total of 50 first-year Nursing students who participated in the experiment were divided into 2 groups, control and experimental. This research project was of the almost-experimental type and the work methodology was experimental-evaluation. Three instruments were used to obtain data: an investigation of the Lickert school type consisting of 40 proposals related to the students attitude concerning the study of this discipline and in view of a teaching methodology (EAEAM, accompanied by the school of interests of Thurstone and by the Psychometric Test of Raven, to determine relationships in accordance with the research objectives. In function of empirical results of the experiment and revision of the literature pertaining to this theme, a methodological proposal is presented for the teaching of Human Anatomy; its theoretical-practical nature demands: previous study, observation, discussion and, fundamentally, as an alternative to academic yield by Nursing students.
Nelly Maria Arenas
Una metodología alternativa para la enseñanza de la anatomía en los de estudios enfermería de la Universidad de Carabobo / An alternative methodology for the teaching of anatomy in Nursing at the University of Carabobo
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El propósito del presente estudio es ofrecer una alternativa metodológica para la enseñanza de la Anatomía humana que contribuya a mejorar el rendimiento académico de los Enfermería de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud de la Universidad de Carabobo en dicha asignatura. Participaron en el experimen [...] to cincuenta estudiantes del ler. Año de Enfermería, cursantes de Anatomía humana, subdivididos en dos grupos identificados como grupo control y experimental. El diseño de la investigación es de tipo casi-experimental y metodología de trabajo es evaluativa-experimental. Para la recolección de la información se utilizaron tres instrumentos: una encuesta tipo escala de Lickert consistente de cuarenta proposiciones relacionadas con la los estudiantes hacia el estudio de la asignatura y la metodología de la enseñanza (EAEAM), acompañada de la escala de Intereses de Thrustone y del Test Psicométrico de Raven, a fin de determinar sus relaciones de acuerdo a los objetivos de la investigación. En función de los resultados empíricos del experimento y de la revisión y recopilación de la literatura del tema en estudio, se presenta una propuesta metodológica para enseñanza de la Anatomía humana, cuya naturaleza teórico-práctica exige: el estudio previo, la observación, la discusión y, fundamentalmente, la disección como alternativa para mejorar el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes de Enfermería. Abstract in english An alternative methodology for teaching of Human Anatomy which contributes to improve academic yield by Nursing students at the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Carabobo is presented. A total of 50 first-year Nursing students who participated in the experiment were divided into 2 groups, con [...] trol and experimental. This research project was of the almost-experimental type and the work methodology was experimental-evaluation. Three instruments were used to obtain data: an investigation of the Lickert school type consisting of 40 proposals related to the students attitude concerning the study of this discipline and in view of a teaching methodology (EAEAM), accompanied by the school of interests of Thurstone and by the Psychometric Test of Raven, to determine relationships in accordance with the research objectives. In function of empirical results of the experiment and revision of the literature pertaining to this theme, a methodological proposal is presented for the teaching of Human Anatomy; its theoretical-practical nature demands: previous study, observation, discussion and, fundamentally, as an alternative to academic yield by Nursing students.
Nelly Maria, Arenas.
Ensino de Enfermagem Obstétrica no Brasil: (desacertos 1972-1996 Enseñanza de Enfermería Obstétrica en Brazil: (desaciertos 1972-1996 Teaching of Obstetrical Nursing in Brazil: successes and failures from 1972 to 1996
Full Text Available Pesquisa descritiva com abordagem qualitativa. Considera contexto político-social do ensino em Enfermagem (graduação, com ênfase na política de formação. Descreveu-se e analisou-se programas de ensino de Enfermagem Obstétrica (1972-1996, adotados por cinco Instituições de Ensino Superior, uma por região geográfica, para análise dialética da temática e conteúdos. Evidenciou-se que as disciplinas da área atendiam prioritariamente propostas governamentais centradas no ciclo gravídico-puerperal, embora houvesse alguma influência dos movimentos político-sociais, principalmente feminista e sanitarista progressista que fundamentavam o PAISM. Não foram explicitados conteúdos emergentes desses movimentos (saúde da família, subjetividade; violência, gênero, dentre outros. A maioria das instituições encontrava-se em reformulação curricular para atender ao Parecer Nº. 314/94 que determina currículo de formação do enfermeiro generalista no Brasil.Investigación descriptiva con abordaje cualitativo. Considera el contexto político-social de enseñanza en Enfermería (prégrado, con énfasis en la política de formación. Se describió y se analizó programas de enseñanza de Enfermería Obstétrica (1972-1996, adoptados por cinco instituciones de enseñanza superior, una por región geográfica, para análisis dialéctica de temática y contenidos. Se evidenció que disciplinas del área atendían prioritariamente propuestas gubernamentales centradas al ciclo grávido-puerperal, sin embargo influencia de movimientos políticos-sociales, principalmente feminista y sanitarista progresista que fundamentaban el PAISM. No fueran discriminados contenidos emergentes de eses movimientos (salud familiar, subjetividad, violencia, género, entre otros. La mayoría de las instituciones estudiadas se encontraban en reformulación curricular para atender al parecer nº 314/94, lo cual (determina currículo de formación del enfermero generalista en Brasil.Investigation with descriptive and qualitative approach. Political-social context of Nurse teaching are analyzed, with emphasis in policies formation. Teaching programs of Obstetrical Nursing from 1972 to1996 utilized by five graduate teaching schools were described and analyzed according to geographical region, for dialetic analysis of thematic and contents. It was evidenced that disciplines has given priority for governmental purposes centered on pregnant-puerperal cycle, although it should had some political-social movements influence, mainly feminist and progressive sanitation, on which the PAISM is based. The emerging content of these movements were not exposed (family health, subjectivity, violence, gender, among others. Most of institutions were on curricular reformulation to attend the 314/94 statement which determines generalist nurse curriculum in Brazil.
Maria Antonieta Rubio Tyrrel
Teaching and assessing doctor-patient communication has become a priority in medical education. This pilot study evaluated resident physicians' perceptions of teaching and assessing doctor-patient communication skills related to pain management using a web-based format. Fifty-nine resident physicians completed four doctor-patient clinical…
Horber, Dot; Langenau, Erik E.; Kachur, Elizabeth
Full Text Available The results of several studies show the relationship between the ratio of nurses/patients with quality of care and patient outcomes (1-3. This means that less the ratio, more expected adverse outcomes for patients. These findings have led some institutions to establish mandated nurse-patient ratios (4. Establishing standard ratios could potentially improve patients' outcomes such as patients' safety (5, 6, decrease length of stay (3 and readmission rates (7, and improve recruitment and retention of nurses in the system and reduce their burnouts (8. According to Mohammad Aqajani, Deputy of the Iran Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MOHME, the country is facing a serious nursing shortage; as about 80 thousand nurses serve 80 thousand beds in public hospitals, i.e. one nurse per hospital bed. However, the national standards suggest at least two nurses per bed. Now each year there are nine thousand graduates of nursing baccalaureate program; thus, even if no nurse is retired or leave the system and all graduates could be recruited to work in the nursing field, still at least nine years will be needed to provide adequate nurses. In fact, a significant number of nurses leave their job due to retirement, early retirement, turnover and migration; so achieving the standard of nursing staffing in a ten-year timeframe seems impossible. ...
Orientar la asignatura de Anatomía y Fisiología hacia las competencias profesionales de enfermería: Propuesta de un proyecto docente Orienting the subjects of anatomy and physiology to nursing professional competence: A teaching proposal
Full Text Available El estudio de la anatomía y la fisiología del cuerpo humano forma parte de las materias básicas e imprescindibles en la formación de los profesionales de la salud. Sin embargo, las competencias profesionales de la enfermería actual, el entorno sanitario, y la interrelación con otras materias del currículum, establecen unas necesidades de formación muy específicas en el campo de la anatomía, la fisiología, y la bioquímica. En la actualidad, muchos de los proyectos docentes relativos a estas materias que se imparten en las Escuelas universitarias de Enfermería están diseñados a partir de un modelo tradicional que introduce con éxito al alumno en los conceptos anatómicos y fisiológicos más importantes y fundamentales del cuerpo humano, sin duda, pero no permite a éste integrarlos con el resto de asignaturas ni asegurar el aprendizaje de contenidos útiles y necesarios desde un punto de vista práctico. El presente artículo analiza los factores que explican este desajuste entre los contenidos de la asignatura de anatomía y fisiología y las necesidades de formación; también expone un proyecto docente que orienta los contenidos y los métodos pedagógicos a estas exigencias de formación en enfermería; y busca compartir con otros docentes la experiencia de creación y ejecución de un proyecto de estas características en un momento de transformación académica con motivo de la integración del sistema universitario español al espacio europeo de enseñanza superior.The study of anatomy and physiology of the human body is an essential part in the education of all health professionals. However, the professional competence in today’s nursing, the health environment, and their interrelation with other subjects in the nursing curriculum require very specific educational needs in the field of anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry. Nowadays, most of the teaching projects on this subject at nursing university schools are designed following a traditional model. This successfully introduces the most important and basic anatomical and physiological concepts to the nursing student but it neither facilitates their integration with other subjects nor ensures the learning of useful and necessary concepts from a practical point of view. This article analyses the factors that account for this lack of adjustments between the syllabus of anatomy and physiology and educational needs. It also presents an educational project that orientates the contents and the pedagogical methods used to this demands in the nursing field. The study also tries to share with other teachers the experience in the creation of a project of these characteristics in a period of academic changes brought by the integration into the European higher education landscape.
Anna Falcó Pegueroles
Orientar la asignatura de Anatomía y Fisiología hacia las competencias profesionales de enfermería: Propuesta de un proyecto docente / Orienting the subjects of anatomy and physiology to nursing professional competence: A teaching proposal
Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El estudio de la anatomía y la fisiología del cuerpo humano forma parte de las materias básicas e imprescindibles en la formación de los profesionales de la salud. Sin embargo, las competencias profesionales de la enfermería actual, el entorno sanitario, y la interrelación con otras materias del cur [...] rículum, establecen unas necesidades de formación muy específicas en el campo de la anatomía, la fisiología, y la bioquímica. En la actualidad, muchos de los proyectos docentes relativos a estas materias que se imparten en las Escuelas universitarias de Enfermería están diseñados a partir de un modelo tradicional que introduce con éxito al alumno en los conceptos anatómicos y fisiológicos más importantes y fundamentales del cuerpo humano, sin duda, pero no permite a éste integrarlos con el resto de asignaturas ni asegurar el aprendizaje de contenidos útiles y necesarios desde un punto de vista práctico. El presente artículo analiza los factores que explican este desajuste entre los contenidos de la asignatura de anatomía y fisiología y las necesidades de formación; también expone un proyecto docente que orienta los contenidos y los métodos pedagógicos a estas exigencias de formación en enfermería; y busca compartir con otros docentes la experiencia de creación y ejecución de un proyecto de estas características en un momento de transformación académica con motivo de la integración del sistema universitario español al espacio europeo de enseñanza superior. Abstract in english The study of anatomy and physiology of the human body is an essential part in the education of all health professionals. However, the professional competence in today’s nursing, the health environment, and their interrelation with other subjects in the nursing curriculum require very specific educat [...] ional needs in the field of anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry. Nowadays, most of the teaching projects on this subject at nursing university schools are designed following a traditional model. This successfully introduces the most important and basic anatomical and physiological concepts to the nursing student but it neither facilitates their integration with other subjects nor ensures the learning of useful and necessary concepts from a practical point of view. This article analyses the factors that account for this lack of adjustments between the syllabus of anatomy and physiology and educational needs. It also presents an educational project that orientates the contents and the pedagogical methods used to this demands in the nursing field. The study also tries to share with other teachers the experience in the creation of a project of these characteristics in a period of academic changes brought by the integration into the European higher education landscape.
Anna, Falcó Pegueroles.
Excessive workload from employment and household duties may negatively affect married female nurses' health. This study explored job stress, family stress, social support, and health status among married female nurses to identify predictors of nurses' health status. Using a cross-sectional design, 233 married female nurses were recruited from two regional teaching hospitals. The results showed that working hours per week, job stress, and overcommitment to their jobs were significant determinants of health status. Based on study findings, nursing supervisors should avoid scheduling nurses to work more than 48 hours per week. Job stress adjustment courses could enable nurses to relax after work, avoiding overcommitment. [Workplace Health Saf 2014;62(11):447-452.]. PMID:25102479
Fang, Li; Hung, Chich-Hsiu
As increasing numbers of culturally and linguistically diverse learners are enrolled in nursing programs and employed in nursing service agencies, nurse educators must be aware of their own culture and how it influences their teaching and understand the learning needs of a diverse group of learners. This article offers strategies for nurse educators for being culturally and linguistically responsive while also establishing an inclusive learning environment. PMID:25633302
Billings, Diane M
Full Text Available Background: Nursing education is currently facing challenges related to the application of nursing knowledge in clinical environments and inability of students in application of nursing procedures in clinical settings. Nursing students themselves represent the best means of identifying these challenges. This study was conducted aimed to understand the nursing students’ viewpoints and experiences concerning the challenges and deficiencies of the nursing education system. Methods: This qualitative study that has been carried out adopting conventional qualitative content analysis approach, 40 senior nursing students with sufficient experience of educational situations participated through purposive sampling. Eight focus group discussions were done with volunteer nursing students from School of Nursing and Midwifery in Zahedan (Iran. All of the interviews and discussions were recorded and then analyzed using the conventional content analysis approach. Results: Three themes were emerged from data analysis including theoretical education, clinical skills, and the gap between theoretical education and clinical skills. Conclusions: The students’ views and experiences of nursing education quality (theoretical, clinical, and the gap between theoretical education and clinical skills demonstrated a need to pay careful attention to the selection and recruitment of clinical teachers, and the assessment and control of their educational performance and clinical skills, as well as to determination of standards and validation of education quality.
Development of quality standards in inflammatory bowel disease management and design of an evaluation tool of nursing care / Desarrollo de estándares de calidad para la enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal y diseño de un instrumento de evaluación de los cuidados de enfermería
Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Introducción y objetivos: el manejo de la enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal (EII) por enfermería es muy relevante, sin embargo, existe una gran variabilidad en su práctica clínica. El objetivo de esta investigación es desarrollar estándares de calidad asistencial del manejo de la EII por enfermería [...] , para elaborar un "Instrumento de Evalua-ción de la Calidad Asistencial de la EII por Enfermería" (IEC-EII). Métodos: tras una búsqueda bibliográfica del manejo de la EII por enfermería se elaboró un cuestionario de 178 ítems de calidad asistencial. Con este cuestionario, se realizaron dos estudios Delphi a dos rondas: Delphi A dirigido a 27 profesionales sanitarios en EII y Delphi B a 12 pacientes. Con los ítems de ambos estudios Delphi, se elaboró una lista que, junto con la opinión experta del Comité Científico, contribuyó a desarrollar el IEC-EII. Resultados: el IEC-EII se compone de 90 ítems, subdivididos en 13 dimensiones que miden aspectos del manejo de la EII por enfermería como: infraestructura, servicios, recursos humanos, tipo de organización, competencias asumidas por enfermería, información de enfermería al paciente, formación de enfermería, revisiones anuales de la actividad de enfermería e investigación de enfermería de EII. La evaluación de estos aspectos mediante el IEC-EII permite clasificar la calidad asistencial en EII por enfermería en 4 categorías de la A a la D. Siendo A el nivel de calidad superior y D el inferior. Conclusiones: el IEC-EII puede contribuir a aumentar la calidad asistencial de enfermería en EII y reducir su variabilidad, puesto que la evaluación ayudará a detectar sus deficiencias mejorables. Abstract in english Background and aims: nursing management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is highly relevant for patient care and outcomes. However, there is evidence of substantial variability in clinical practices. The objectives of this study were to develop standards of healthcare quality for nursing manageme [...] nt of IBD and elaborate the evaluation tool "Nursing Care Quality in IBD Assessment" (NCQ-IBD) based on these standards. Methods: a 178-item healthcare quality questionnaire was developed based on a systematic review of IBD nursing management literature. The questionnaire was used to perform two 2-round Delphi studies: Delphi A included 27 IBD healthcare professionals and Delphi B involved 12 patients. The NCQ-IBD was developed from the list of items resulting from both Delphi studies combined with the Scientific Committee's expert opinion. Results: the final NCQ-IBD consists of 90 items, organized in 13 sections measuring the following aspects of nursing management of IBD: infrastructure, services, human resources, type of organization, nursing responsibilities, nurse-provided information to the patient, nurses training, annual audits of nursing activities, and nursing research in IBD. Using the NCQ-IBD to evaluate these components allows the rating of healthcare quality for nursing management of IBD into 4 categories: A (highest quality) through D (lowest quality). Conclusions: the use of the NCQ-IBD tool to evaluate nursing management quality of IBD identifies areas in need of improvement and thus contribute to an enhancement of care quality and reduction in clinical practice variations.
Antonio, Torrejón; Lorena, Oltra; Paloma, Hernández-Sampelayo; Laura, Marín; Valle, García-Sánchez; Francesc, Casellas; Noelia, Alfaro; Pablo, Lázaro; María Isabel, Vera.
Nursing education in Taiwan has developed significantly over the past one hundred years. Throughout the first half of the 20th century, nursing education in Taiwan ended at the high school level. However, over the most recent 50 years, this level has been gradually raised, and nursing doctoral programs are now offered today. Changes in the nursing profession over the past century have been influenced by social and political factors, war, the health care policies, and national education policies. Areas of nursing education that have presented key challenges to change and innovation include the nursing faculty, curriculum, teaching materials, and quality of teaching. Today, key future goals for nursing education in Taiwan are: Raising the entry level of generic nursing education from junior high to the high-school level, improving the curricula for master's and doctoral students, cultivating advanced practice nurses, improving the quality of nursing faculties, and establishing a mechanism to ensure the consistent quality of nursing education. PMID:25125160
Yeh, Mei Chang
Ensinar e aprender no campo clínico: perspectiva de docentes, enfermeiras e estudantes de enfermagem / Teaching and learning in the clinical field: perspective of teachers, nurses and nursing students / Enseñar y aprender en el campo clínico: perspectiva de docentes, enfermeras y estudiantes de enfermería
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Estudo qualitativo, com abordagem da fenomenologia social de Alfred Schütz, que teve como objetivo conhecer e discutir as expectativas dos docentes, enfermeiras e estudantes com relação ao ensino em campo clínico. Participaram do estudo nove docentes, 11 enfermeiras e 11 estudantes do Curso de Gradu [...] ação em Enfermagem de uma universidade pública de São Paulo. A coleta dos dados foi realizada em 2012 e os resultados mostraram que os sujeitos esperam que o ensino clínico subsidie a articulação entre a teoria e a prática profissional; e almejam que tal ensino possibilite o desenvolvimento de uma postura próativa e participativa dos envolvidos na aprendizagem. A reciprocidade de perspectivas foi evidenciada, devendo ser considerada na elaboração de projetos pedagógicos voltados para a formação do enfermeiro. Abstract in spanish Estudio cualitativo con abordaje de la fenomenología social de Alfred Schütz, que tuve como objetivo conocer y discutir las expectativas de los docentes, enfermeras y estudiantes en relación a la enseñanza en el campo clínico. Participaron en el estudio nueve docentes, once enfermeras y once estudia [...] ntes del Curso de Graduación en Enfermería de una universidad pública de São Paulo. La recolección de datos fue realizada en 2012 y los resultados mostraron que los sujetos esperan que la enseñanza clínica subvencione el vínculo entre la teoría y la práctica profesional y desean que tal enseñanza haga posible el desarrollo de una postura pro activa y participativa de los involucrados en el aprendizaje. La reciprocidad de perspectivas fue evidenciada, debiendo ser considerada en la elaboración de proyectos pedagógicos centrados en la formación de la enfermera. Abstract in english This is a qualitative research, which used the social phenomenology of Alfred Schütz approach. Its purpose was meeting and discussing the expectations of teachers, nurses and students about teaching in the clinical field. Nine teachers, eleven nurses and eleven students of the Nursing Graduation gra [...] de from a public university of São Paulo were included in this study. Data were collected in 2012. As the results showed, there are expectations about the link between theory and practice that clinical teaching can offer and also the desire that such instruction enable the learners to develop a pro-active and participatory attitude. The reciprocity of perspectives was evident and should be considered when academic projects focused on nursing education are developed.
Miriam Aparecida Barbosa, Merighi; Maria Cristina Pinto de, Jesus; Selisvane Ribeiro da Fonseca, Domingos; Deíse Moura de, Oliveira; Thaís Norika, Ito.
Nursing students must develop their abilities to provide appropriate nursing services. They need to acquire the level of nursing knowledge to pass the national examination according to Japanese law. Moreover, even if the awareness of the rights of people who receive nursing services increases, students must not have a sense of resistance toward those rights. Therefore, we investigated the factors associated with students' motivation to pass their examination and such a sense of resistance. We produced items related to reasons students wanted to become registered nurses with reference to job satisfaction and their learning environment (e.g., teachers' manners and school events unrelated to the examination). There were 3,417 female nursing students analyzed in 29 vocational schools that allow graduation after a 3-year study period (average age, 21.93 years [standard deviation, 5.44]). Older and third-year students had a stronger motivation to pass the examination and a weaker sense of resistance to people's rights compared with younger and first- to second-year students. Students who answered a "Lack of enthusiasm for becoming a registered nurse" had a weakened motivation and a strengthened sense of resistance. Factors enhancing students' motivation to pass their examination were "Professional commitment," "Desire for companionship," and "School events unrelated to the national examination." Factors strengthening students' sense of resistance to people's rights were "Living stability" and "Social appraisal." Teachers must develop methods to teach ethics so that their students respect the rights of people who receive nursing services and to ensure that they acquire the necessary nursing knowledge. PMID:23728504
Kudo, Yasushi; Hayashi, Sachiko; Yoshimura, Emiko; Shibuya, Akitaka; Aizawa, Yoshiharu
Teaching research to undergraduates has its own challenges and involving undergraduates in research practical experience is just one of those challenges. As nursing students are in the process of becoming professional nurses, knowledge and skills in research are specific outcomes of the curriculum. One of the outcomes of the B Tech Nursing Science programme offered by the Tshwane University of Technology states that for the baccalaurcate nursing programme include analysis, interpretation and ...
Wright, S. C. D.; Benninghoff, I.
Integration of informatics competency into a nursing curriculum is important to ensure success throughout the education and career of contemporary nursing students. As enrollment in nursing programs increases, the diverse population of students from many different cultural and socioeconomic backgrounds presents a challenge for faculty in addressing unique learning needs. Competency in informatics will allow the beginning nursing student to navigate the on-line teaching software used by colleg...
Julie Edwards; O’connor, Patricia A.
Behaviorist teaching of communication skills can interfere with learning of humanistic nursing. Interpretive inquiry can help students experience the transformative power for relationships and develop confidence and trust in their capacity for relational nursing practice. (Contains 20 references.) (SK)
Doane, Gweneth A. Hartrick
Due to a heightened interest in accelerated nursing programs, enrollment in schools of nursing is rapidly increasing. Nursing programs need to find more creative ways to reach and teach older, technologically savvy adult learners, who have different learning needs than traditional undergraduate nursing students. These students present new challenges to nursing faculty. Larger class sizes, prior academic accomplishments, and a shorter time frame for assimilation of the nursing role provide opportunities for creative course delivery. This article discusses how a change in course design, specifically a hybrid Web-based course, can address these challenges. PMID:17912994
Teeley, Karen Harvey
Historically, the nursing metaparadigm has been used to describe 4 concepts of nursing knowledge (person, environment, health, and nursing) that reflect beliefs held by the profession about nursing's context and content. The authors offer an assessment of the metaparadigm as it applies to community and public health nursing in urban settings and offer an amendment of the metaparadigm to include the central concept of social justice. Each of the metaparadigm concepts and the central concept of social justice is discussed as it applies to a model of urban health nursing teaching, research, and practice. PMID:17214656
Schim, Stephanie Myers; Benkert, Ramona; Bell, Sue Ellen; Walker, Deborah S; Danford, Cynthia A
Full Text Available Background: Intensive care units (ICUs are known as stressful environments. However, the conditions in which stressors may affect health professionals’ performance and well-being and the conditions that potentially lead to impaired performance and staff’s psychological distress are not well understood. Emotional intelligence, an essential factor responsible for determining success in life and psychological well-being, seems to play an important role in shaping the interaction between individuals and their work environment. The emotional dimension (personal is the concept of multi-dimensional intelligence, it is also necessary for physicians and nurses to learn how to view and understand people’s behavior, attitudes, interpersonal skills and potential. Individuals who have these characteristics are said to be “emotionally intelligent.”Objectives: The objective of the study is to determine the effects of emotional intelligence education items on job related stress in physicians and nurses working in intensive care units in hospitals in Yerevan, Armenia.Method: A cross interventional, pre-post, case and control group design was used and inferential study design was implemented, with 150 registered hospitals physicians and nurses, who were widely distributed.Results: A sample of 106 participants (18.7% of men and 31.3% of women in case and control group, representing various human service professions (physicians, nurses was eligible for the study. The mean age of the participants was 33.19 years in case group (SD = 6.44, and 31.6 in control group (SD = 6.04, and the employment period was 8.2 years (SD = 7.34 in case group and 5.57 years (SD = 4.02 in control group. The results confirmed an essential, very strong, role of emotional intelligence in perceiving occupational stress and preventing physicians and nurses from negative health outcomes. Conclusion: Results showed that physicians and nurses experienced high level of stress. The level of stress experienced at work by this occupational case was higher than control group. The ability to effectively deal with emotions and emotional intelligence in the workplace assists employees in coping with occupational stress. Therefore, it should be developed in stress managing trainings. Emotional intelligence items education decreased situational and personal anxiety of physicians and nurses in case group more than those in control group.
Teaching an introductory course in research methods and critique to baccalaureate nursing students can be challenging for both students and instructor. One of the difficulties is teaching students to critique research while simultaneously learning basic terminology and research processes. A critique worksheet was developed to help students extract complex information from a research report for analysis and critique. PMID:16292148
Daggett, Luann M; Harbaugh, Bonnie Lee; Collum, Lara A
The use of evidence-based practice (EBP) has become the standard of health care practice. Nurses are expected to use best evidence on a wide range of topics, yet most nurses have limited time, resources, and/or skills to access and evaluate the quality of research and evidence needed to practice evidence-based nursing. EBP guidelines allow nurses…
Adams, Susan; McCarthy, Ann Marie
A research project addressing roles of nurses in pain management is described. The role of specialized pain management nurses is discussed. Standards, communication, and multidisciplinary care, as well as roles of nurses in hospitals, nursing homes, and home care are described. Specialization is discussed including training and certification. The German National Expert Standard for Pain Management in Nursing is described. PMID:24552600
Nestler, Nadja; Gnass, Irmela; Krutter, Simon; Pree, Elisabeth; Bauer, Zsuzsa; Osterbrink, Jürgen
Aging nurse faculty members are vital human resources who serve as educators, researchers, and leaders within baccalaureate nursing (BSN) programs. On average, aging nurse faculty members are over 50 years of age and face key retirement decisions over the next decade. The purpose of this study was to begin to build substantive theory about academic nurse leaders' perceptions of extending the academic working life of aging nurse faculty members. Nine academic nurse leaders from BSN programs nationwide were interviewed in this grounded theory study. Data were analyzed using constant comparative analysis. Four categories emerged: valuing aging nurse faculty, enduring environmental challenges, recognizing stakeholder incongruence, and readjusting. Findings reveal that aging nurse faculty members are highly valued by academic nurse leaders, bringing wisdom, experience, and institutional, historical, and cultural awareness to their many roles. Yet, some aging nurse faculty fail to keep knowledge, skills, and teaching modes current, which is problematic given the multiple environmental challenges that academic nurse leaders face. Stakeholder incongruence arises as a mismatch between the needs of the BSN program and the skills and contributions of aging nurse faculty members. BSN programs, program leaders, and aging nurse faculty members can lessen incongruence by readjusting to address the pressures, tensions, and ongoing change. PMID:24503313
Falk, Nancy L
Alternativa metodológica para fortalecer el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje de Morfofisiología I en la carrera Enfermería / Methodological alternative to strengthen the teaching-learning process of Morphology and Phisiology I in the Nursing major
Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: la insuficiente apropiación de los contenidos de la asignatura Morfofisiología I por los estudiantes, es uno de los problemas esenciales en la carrera de Enfermería. Objetivo: diseñar una alternativa metodológica que fortalezca el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje (PEA) de la asignatura Mo [...] rfofisiología I en la carrera de Enfermería. Método: investigación-acción en la Filial Universitaria Municipal de Ciencias Médicas Los Palacios; universo y muestra: total de estudiantes de 2do año de enfermería durante los cursos 2008-2009 y 2009-2010 (46) y durante los cursos 2010-2011 y 2011-2012 (23); se utilizaron métodos observacionales, entrevistas, enfoque de sistema y modelación. Resultados: Las clases observadas de Bien ascendieron de 16,6% a 83,3 % y las observadas de Mal descendieron de 61,1% a 5,6%. La promoción mejoró en calidad y se elevó de 28,2% a 95,6%, se logro la mayor motivación y participación activa y protagónica de los estudiantes, así como seguridad y dominio en el tratamiento de los contenidos. Conclusiones: La alternativa metodológica permitió a los docentes potenciar las dimensiones cognitivas y motivaciones en los estudiantes por la asignatura Morfofisiología I y demostró un salto cualitativo y cuantitativo en los resultados obtenidos. Abstract in english Introduction: the students´ insufficient aprehension of the course contents in Morphology and Phisiology I is one of the main problems in the Nursing major. Objective: to design a methodological alternative to strengthen the teaching-learning process in the course subject in the Nursing major. Mater [...] ial and method: research-action in Los Palacios Municipal University Affiliate of Medical Sciences; target group and sample: the sheer number of Nursing second year students during the academic years 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 (46) and 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 (23); observational methods were used, as long as interviews, system approach and modelling. Results: the lessons evaluated with Good increased from 16.6% to 83.3% and those evaluated with Wrong decreased from 61.1% to 5.6%. Promotion improved in quality and increased from 28.2% to 95.6%, greater motivation and active and student-centered involvement was achieved, as well as self-confidence and aprehension of the subject contents. Conclusions: the methodological alternative permitted the teaching faculty to potentiate the students cognitive dimensions and motivations for the subject Morphology and Phisiology I and proved a qualitative and quantitative leap in the results obtained.
Coralia, Quintero Martí; Magaly, Gort Hernández; Teresa, Verona Ferro; Marelis, Linares Miranda; José Luis, Cordero Pérez.
Saberes e fazeres que integram o ensino de enfermagem psiquiátrica na perspectiva de enfermeiros docentes / Knowledge and practices that integrate the teaching psychiatric nursing from the perspective of faculty nurses / Conocimientos y prácticas que integran la enseñanza de la enfermería psiquiátrica en la perspectiva de los docentes de enfermeira
Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: Atualmente a prática do ensino de enfermagem psiquiátrica e saúde mental e a própria assistência passa por grandes transformações, no contexto brasileiro. OBJETIVO: Compreender as tecnologias de cuidado e inclusão que os docentes utilizam para o ensino do cuidado em liberdade, na perspecti [...] va da reforma psiquiátrica brasileira. METODOLOGIA: Tendo por cenário uma tradicional faculdade de enfermagem, foram sujeitos sete professores enfermeiros da área de enfermagem psiquiátrica e saúde mental, que trabalharam na perspectiva da atenção psicossocial. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, de caráter descritivo e exploratório, realizado a partir de entrevista semi-estruturada. RESULTADOS: Tecnologias de cuidado e conteúdos e estratégias que os docentes utilizam para o ensino do cuidado em liberdade. CONCLUSÕES: Formas de cuidado valorizando as potencialidades do território, o acolhimento, a ambiência, a formação de vínculo, a escuta, a atenção à família, tem sido objeto de estudo e de prática de ensino dos enfermeiros. Abstract in spanish CONTEXTO: Actualmente la enseñanza práctica de la enfermería psiquiátrica y la propia atención de salud mental pasa por grandes transformaciones, en el contexto brasileño. OBJETIVO: Entender las tecnologías de la atención y que los profesores utilizan para enseñar el cuidado en la libertad, en la pe [...] rspectiva de la reforma psiquiátrica brasileña. METODOLOGÍA: Como escenario tenía una escuela de enfermería, con siete enfermeros profesores en el área de la enfermería psiquiátrica y salud mental, trabajando desde en la perspectiva de la atención psicosocial. Se trata de un estudio cualitativo exploratorio y descriptivo, creado a partir de entrevistas semi-estructuradas. RESULTADOS: Tecnologías de cuidado y el contenido y estrategias que los profesores utilizan para el cuidado de la enseñanza del cuidado en la libertad. CONCLUSIONES: Las formas de atención con énfasis en el potencial del territorio, la acogida, el ambiente, la formación del enlace, la escucha, la atención a la familia, ha sido el objeto de estudio y de práctica docente de enfermería. Abstract in english CONTEXT: Currently the practice of teaching psychiatric nursing and mental health and their own assistance in the area is going through major changes. AIM: The aim is to understand the care and inclusion technologies that teachers use to teach care in freedom, in the perspective of psychiatric refor [...] m in Brazil. METHODOLOGY: The setting for this study consisted of a traditional nursing school; the participants were seven Psychiatric Nursing and Mental Health teachers, who worked in the perspective of psychosocial care. This is a qualitative, descriptive and exploratory study that used a semi-structured interview for each subject. RESULTS: The results include care technologies, content and strategies that teachers use to teach the care into freedom. CONCLUSION: Forms of care that value the potential of the territory and the lives of people, the user embracement, the ambience, the link formation, the therapeutic listening, the attention to family, which have been the object of study and of the nurse’s practice.
Jandro Moraes, Cortes; Luciane Prado, Kantorski; Sônia, Barros; Milena Hohmann, Antonacci; Fabieli Gopinger, Chiavagatti; Janaina Quinzen, Willrich.
Full Text Available Introduction: Individualized nursing care is the key element in quality of nursing care. In fact, it changes all standardized nursing procedures and activities. In addition, it tailored nursing activities with unique peculiarity of each patient. Focusing on patient during care process is one main reason for supporting individualized care. Individual differences among patients in terms of their health, illness and needs which emphasize on providing individualized care. This research aimed to demonstrate patients' point of view about nurses' support of individualized care.Methods: A descriptive study conducted with participation of 400 being discharged patients from internal and surgical units in teaching hospitals of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. Proportional stratified random sampling method was used. Data was collected by interviewing with patients using Suhonen Individualized Care Scale, after assessing its content validity and reliability with Chronbach's alpha method. Data analysis were done by using SPSS ver. 13.Results: The mean of patients' point of view about nurses' support of individualized care was 2.60 (1.14. The results showed the mean of support for clinical situation 2.61 (1.27, support for personal life situation 2.36 (1.28, and support for decisional control over care 2.77 (1.17. Comparing aspects of support showed that support for decisional control over care was the highest and the lowest was support for personal life situation. Conclusion: According to results of the study and comparison with other researches in other countries, it is recommended that nursing care planners pay more attention to the aspects of nursing support based on individuals.
Alehe Seyyed Rasooli
Full Text Available Under the aegis of a Canadian SSHRC project, The Reciprocal Learning in Teacher Education and School Education between China and Canada (RLTESECC, a group of Chinese pre-service teachers joined a three-month exchange immersion program in Canada, and had opportunities to attend university teacher education courses, work with local secondary teachers, and participant in education-related activities and events. This cross-cultural learning and teaching experience not only enriched these Chinese pre-service teachers’ cultural understanding, strengthen their English expression abilities, enrich their pedagogical knowledge and skills, but also changed their opinions on teachers between eastern and western more or less, leading to their new perspectives regarding teaching profession. This paper aims to explore the impact of this cross-cultural program on pre-service teachers’ perception of teachers’ qualities and teaching professional standards. Through surveys by questionnaire, interview, and participants’ reflections, the study found that some changes happened in pre-service teachers’ perception and understanding of elementary and secondary teachers’ qualities before and after they went abroad. And the causes of these changes are also discussed in this study. Findings of this study have practical implications for construction and implementation of teacher professional standards and pre-service teacher education for both China and Canada.
Full Text Available Background & Aim: Critical thinking is a necessary and important component of nursing profession. Since nurses are not limited to work under predetermined roles and need to meet various needs of patients, they should have critical thinking skills. This study aimed to determine the role of emotional intelligence and its components in critical thinking disposition . Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional study, 118 female nurses working in educational hospitals of Qazvin were selected using quota sampling method. They completed the Trait Metal Mood Scale (TMMS and the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean, standards deviation and Pearson correlation coefficient and inferential statistics (Multiple Regression in the SPSS-16 . Results: The results showed that there was a significant positive correlation between the total score of emotional intelligence with the total score of disposition toward critical thinking (r=0.385. There were also positive relationships between the total score of disposition toward critical thinking with the two subscales of emotional clarity (r=0.459 and emotional healing (r=0.220. There was no statistically significant relationship between the subscale of attention to emotion and total critical thinking score (r=0.117. The subscale of emotional clarity significantly predicted 21% of changes in critical thinking . Conclusion: Nurses who were more aware of their emotions and emotional transparency had higher critical thinking tendency. Empowering critical thinking can directly affect patients’ conditions. Given the major role of emotional intelligence in critical thinking, teaching nurses such skills could result in better performance and improving the quality of nursing care.
Full Text Available In nursing empathy is generally regarded as an essential component of nurse-patient interaction, but there appears to be a lack of clarity among nurse educators and professional nurses regarding its nature and how it may be taught and measured. This paper focuses on an analysis of selected theoretical works related to the nature and teaching of empathy, and an attempt is made to identify fundamental issues regarding the phenomenon "empathy" and its place in clinical nursing practice.
As managed care relevance is growing, several old issues related to personal institutional responsibility are increasing among practitioners. Therefore, as a professional figure a nurse bases his/her job on a mix of personal knowledge and skills along with training, and he/she is responsible for giving advice in line with professional care standards. In addition, he/she is in charge of the treatment pattern agreed with the patient. However, nursing is a much more complex job, which leads professional figures facing the controversial issue of combining institutional responsibility and nursing professional tasks and duties daily. As far as nursing institutional responsibility is concerned, different view points or approaches can be applied to investigate it. The most common one is the legal approach, yet this is not the most appropriate one. Therefore, our professional background is mainly based on a management prospective rather than a legal one; dealing with the issue legally would lead, essentially, to a summary of laws and regulations without any kind of argumentative discussion. Consequently, this study aimed to analyze nurses' institutional responsibility by approaching the issue from an innovative human resources management prospective; therefore, defining the gap between nursing institutional responsibility and its tasks. PMID:15786411
Quintaliani, G; Gori, F; Lenci, E; Benci, L; Fioroni, S
O ensino de administração na graduação: percepção de enfermeiros egressos / Teaching undergraduate management: perception of nursing students / La enseñanza de la administración en el pregrado: la percepción de los enfermeros egresados
Full Text Available Os paradigmas ideológicos de uma formação integral; a qualidade do profissional que se pretende formar; o compromisso ético, político e técnico, e a complexidade dos processos de trabalho em enfermagem, levam os cursos a repensarem o ensino e sua adequação às Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais. Esta [...] pesquisa teve como objetivo identificar nos discursos de 32 egressos a importância atribuída ao ensino de administração durante a graduação e correlacioná-los aos pressupostos das diretrizes. Trata-se de um estudo de caso de abordagem qualitativa. Os dados foram coletados através de entrevista semiestruturada e submetidos à Análise de Conteúdo. Segundo os egressos, o ensino de administração deve ter uma carga horária maior; conteúdos mais abrangentes; estratégias diversificadas; reforçar o desenvolvimento de competências, principalmente as ético-políticas e considerar a unicidade entre ensino, pesquisa e extensão. Segundo os egressos as competências gerenciais merecem destaque na reestruturação do currículo de Enfermagem. Abstract in spanish Los paradigmas ideológicos de una formación integral; el tipo de profesional que se desee formar; el compromiso ético, político, técnico y la complejidad de los procesos de trabajo en enfermería llevan a los cursos a reflexionar sobre la enseñanza y adaptación a las Directrices Curriculares Nacional [...] es. Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo identificar en los discursos de treinta y dos egresados la contribución de la enseñanza de la administración en la formación y relacionarlas a los presupuestos de las directrices. Es una investigación cualitativa desarrollada como Estudio de Caso. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevista semiestructurada, y se examinaron a través del Análisis de Contenido. Según los egresados, la enseñanza de la administración debe tener una mayor carga horaria, contenidos más amplios, diversas estrategias; reforzar el desarrollo de competencias, principalmente ético-políticas y considerar la unificación entre enseñanza, investigación y extensión. Los egresados defienden que las competencias gerenciales merecen destaque en la restructuración del curriculum de enfermería. Abstract in english The ideological paradigms of a complete nursing background; the professional quality one intends to prepare; the ethical, political, and technical commitment, and the complexity of the nursing work processes cause programs to rethink their teaching and adaptation to Brazilian National Curriculum Gui [...] delines. The objective of this study was to identify in interview conversations with 32 undergraduate nursing students the importance attributed to management classes in their professional preparation and to correlate them to the guidelines' governing principles. This is a qualitative research developed as a case study. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews and submitted to Content Analysis. According to undergraduates, teaching administration must have a greater time load; more encompassing content; diversified strategies; reinforcement of skill development, especially ethical-political skills; and consideration of the union which exists between teaching, research, and community clinical work. According to undergraduates managerial skills deserve special attention in restructuring the nursing curriculum.
Maria Dyrce Dias, Meira; Paulina, Kurcgant.
Estratégias de ensino do cuidado em enfermagem: um olhar sobre as tendências pedagógicas / Teaching strategies of nursing care: a look on pedagogical trends / Estrategias de enseñanza del cuidado en enfermería: una mirada sobre las tendencias pedagógicas
Full Text Available Determinar estratégias de ensino para os conteúdos e conceitos imbricados no cuidado, configura-se em um desafio para educadores na área da enfermagem. Este estudo é de caráter qualitativo, descritivo-exploratório, cujo objetivo foi conhecer as estratégias empregadas para ensinar o cuidado em enferm [...] agem, utilizadas por dez enfermeiros professores do curso de Enfermagem de uma universidade na região metropolitana de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. As informações foram coletadas pela técnica de Grupo Focal, no período de junho de 2004 a março de 2005. Da análise temática dos dados resultou a categoria Estratégias de Ensino do Cuidado, com as subcategorias demonstração, exposição, observação e discussão. As evidências apontam para tentativas de substituir a proposta tradicional de transmissão de conteúdos, sem, apresentarem, efetivamente, outra tendência pedagógica que não a tradicional. Conclui-se que a competência técnica ainda é privilegiada, desconsiderando o aprendizado voltado para o desenvolvimento de postura crítica e reflexiva. Abstract in spanish Determinar estrategias de enseñanza para los contenidos y conceptos imbricados en el cuidado, se configura en un desafío para educadores en el área de la enfermería. Estudio cualitativo se caracteriza por ser descriptivo-exploratorio cuyo objetivo fue conocer las estrategias empleadas para enseñar e [...] l cuidado en enfermería, utilizadas por diez enfermeros maestros del curso de enfermería de una universidad en la región metropolitana de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande del Sur, Brasil. Las informaciones fueron colectadas por la técnica del Grupo Focal, en el periodo de Junio de 2004 a Marzo de 2005. Del análisis temático de los datos resultó la categoría Estrategias de Enseñanza del Cuidado, con las sub categorías demostración, exposición, observación y discusión. Las evidencias apuntan hacia intentos por sustituir la propuesta tradicional de transmisión de contenidos, sin presentar otra tendencia pedagógica que la tradicional. Se concluye que la competencia técnica aún es privilegiada, desconsiderando el aprendizaje volcado para el desarrollo de postura crítica y reflexiva. Abstract in english To determine the teaching strategies adequate for the contents and concepts imbricated in care is a challenge for nursing educators. This qualitative, descriptive and exploratory study aimed to know the strategies applied to teach nursing care used by ten nurses, professors of the Nursing Department [...] in a University in the metropolitan area of the city of Porto Alegre, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The information was collected through the Focal Group technique, from June 2004 to March 2005. The thematic analysis of the data resulted in the category Strategies to Teach Care, with the sub-categories demonstration, exhibition, observation, and discussion. The evidences point to attempts of replacing the traditional content transmission notion, without, however, effectively showing another pedagogical tendency. We can conclude that the technical competence is still privileged, which leads to a disregard of the learning that aims at the development of a reflexive and critic stance.
Daniele Delacanal, Lazzari; Eva Neri Rubim, Pedro; Márcia Otero, Sanches; Walnice, Jung.
Percepção dos enfermeiros sobre o processo de ensino-aprendizagem da liderança / Nurses' perception of the teaching-learning process of leadership / Percepción de los enfermeros sobre el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del liderazgo
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este estudo objetivou conhecer a percepção dos enfermeiros sobre o processo de ensino-aprendizagem da liderança durante o curso de graduação. A pesquisa, de abordagem qualitativa do tipo descritiva, adotou o estudo de caso como estratégia de investigação. Participaram do estudo 25 enfermeiros que tr [...] abalhavam em três hospitais gerais da cidade de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. As informações foram obtidas de maio a dezembro de 2010. Para coleta dos dados foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas. Os dados foram analisados por meio da proposta operativa de Minayo. Os principais resultados demonstram que as práticas pedagógicas adotadas pelos docentes se aproximam das características da educação bancária, mencionada por Paulo Freire. A adesão ao ensino transversal da liderança e a educação permanente constituem-se nas estratégias que facilitam a formação de enfermeiros-líderes. Torna-se relevante repensar o processo de ensino-aprendizagem da liderança, a fim de contribuir para o desenvolvimento desta competência profissional. Abstract in spanish Este estudio objetiva conocer la percepción de los enfermeros sobre el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del liderazgo durante el curso de graduación. La investigación, de abordaje cualitativo del tipo descriptiva, adoptó el estudio de caso como estrategia de investigación. Participaron 25 enfermeros [...] que trabajaban en tres hospitales de la ciudad de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. Las informaciones fueron obtenidas de mayo a diciembre de 2010. Para recolección de los datos fueron realizadas entrevistas semi-estructuradas. Los datos fueron analizados atraves de la propuesta operativa de Minayo. Los resultados demuestran que las prácticas pedagógicas de los docentes se aproximan de las características de la educación bancaria, mencionada por Paulo Freire. La adhesión a la enseñanza transversal del liderazgo y la educación permanente se constituyen en las estrategias que facilitan la formación de enfermeros-líderes. Se hace relevante repensar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del liderazgo, a fin de contribuir para el desarrollo de esta cualificación profesional. Abstract in english This study aimed to investigate nurses' perception of the process of the teaching-learning of leadership during the undergraduate nursing course. The research, with a qualitative approach and of the descriptive type, adopted the case study as its investigative strategy. 25 nurses working in three ge [...] neral hospitals in the city of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, participated in the study. The information was collected between May and December of 2010. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken for the data collection. The data was analyzed using Minayo's operative proposal. The main results show that the pedagogical practices adopted by the lecturers resemble the characteristics of the banking concept of education, mentioned by Paulo Freire. Adherence to transversal teaching of leadership, and continuous education, are strategies which facilitate the training of nurse-leaders. It is relevant to rethink the process of the teaching-learning of leadership, so as to contribute to the development of this professional competence.
Simone Coelho, Amestoy; Vânia Marli Schubert, Backes; Maira Buss, Thofehrn; Jussara Gue, Martini; Betina Hörner Schlindwein, Meirelles; Letícia de Lima, Trindade.
Estratégias de ensino do cuidado em enfermagem: um olhar sobre as tendências pedagógicas Estrategias de enseñanza del cuidado en enfermería: una mirada sobre las tendencias pedagógicas Teaching strategies of nursing care: a look on pedagogical trends
Full Text Available Determinar estratégias de ensino para os conteúdos e conceitos imbricados no cuidado, configura-se em um desafio para educadores na área da enfermagem. Este estudo é de caráter qualitativo, descritivo-exploratório, cujo objetivo foi conhecer as estratégias empregadas para ensinar o cuidado em enfermagem, utilizadas por dez enfermeiros professores do curso de Enfermagem de uma universidade na região metropolitana de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. As informações foram coletadas pela técnica de Grupo Focal, no período de junho de 2004 a março de 2005. Da análise temática dos dados resultou a categoria Estratégias de Ensino do Cuidado, com as subcategorias demonstração, exposição, observação e discussão. As evidências apontam para tentativas de substituir a proposta tradicional de transmissão de conteúdos, sem, apresentarem, efetivamente, outra tendência pedagógica que não a tradicional. Conclui-se que a competência técnica ainda é privilegiada, desconsiderando o aprendizado voltado para o desenvolvimento de postura crítica e reflexiva.Determinar estrategias de enseñanza para los contenidos y conceptos imbricados en el cuidado, se configura en un desafío para educadores en el área de la enfermería. Estudio cualitativo se caracteriza por ser descriptivo-exploratorio cuyo objetivo fue conocer las estrategias empleadas para enseñar el cuidado en enfermería, utilizadas por diez enfermeros maestros del curso de enfermería de una universidad en la región metropolitana de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande del Sur, Brasil. Las informaciones fueron colectadas por la técnica del Grupo Focal, en el periodo de Junio de 2004 a Marzo de 2005. Del análisis temático de los datos resultó la categoría Estrategias de Enseñanza del Cuidado, con las sub categorías demostración, exposición, observación y discusión. Las evidencias apuntan hacia intentos por sustituir la propuesta tradicional de transmisión de contenidos, sin presentar otra tendencia pedagógica que la tradicional. Se concluye que la competencia técnica aún es privilegiada, desconsiderando el aprendizaje volcado para el desarrollo de postura crítica y reflexiva.To determine the teaching strategies adequate for the contents and concepts imbricated in care is a challenge for nursing educators. This qualitative, descriptive and exploratory study aimed to know the strategies applied to teach nursing care used by ten nurses, professors of the Nursing Department in a University in the metropolitan area of the city of Porto Alegre, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The information was collected through the Focal Group technique, from June 2004 to March 2005. The thematic analysis of the data resulted in the category Strategies to Teach Care, with the sub-categories demonstration, exhibition, observation, and discussion. The evidences point to attempts of replacing the traditional content transmission notion, without, however, effectively showing another pedagogical tendency. We can conclude that the technical competence is still privileged, which leads to a disregard of the learning that aims at the development of a reflexive and critic stance.
Daniele Delacanal Lazzari
Web-based simulation: a tool for teaching critical care nursing Simulación utilizando la web: una herramienta para la enseñanza de enfermería en terapia intensiva Simulação baseada na web: uma ferramenta para o ensino de enfermagem em terapia intensiva
Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to develop, to implement and to evaluate a web-based simulation for critical care nursing, as a tool for teaching nursing students at the undergraduate level. An adapted methodology was used to develop teaching material in a web-based learning environment, consisting of three evaluation phases (ergonomic, pedagogical and usability, carried out by web-designers/programmers, nursing teachers/nurses, and undergraduate nursing students. The research tools used were three different evaluation forms, based on a five-point Likert scale, which were applied after using the simulation. The results garnered from the forms show positive analyses in every evaluation, with special emphasis on the encouragement of learning in the pedagogical evaluation period. In the usability evaluation, the highlight was on the students' satisfaction in using the environment and how easy it was to navigate. This shows the feasibility of using this simulation to improve the learning process.Este estudio tuvo por objetivos desarrollar, implementar y evaluar una simulación de terapia intensiva, utilizando la tecnología web, para la enseñanza de graduación en enfermería. Fue utilizada una metodología adaptada para la construcción de material de instrucción en ambiente de enseñanza web, compuesta por tres fases de evaluación (ergonómica, pedagógica y utilización, realizadas por webdesigners/programadores, docentes/enfermeros y alumnos del curso de graduación en enfermería. Como instrumentos de investigación, fueron aplicados tres diferentes formularios de evaluación, basados en la escala Likert de cinco puntos, después de la utilización de la simulación. Los resultados presentados en los formularios muestran análisis positivos en todas las evaluaciones, destacando en la evaluación pedagógica el estímulo al aprendizaje y en la evaluación de utilización la satisfacción de los alumnos al usar el ambiente y al constatar la facilidad del manoseo, traduciendo la indicación del uso de esa simulación en un proceso para mejorar la enseñanza y el aprendizaje.Este estudo teve por objetivos desenvolver, implementar e avaliar uma simulação em terapia intensiva, utilizando a tecnologia web, para o ensino de graduação em enfermagem. Foi utilizada metodologia adaptada para construção de material instrucional em ambiente de ensino web, composta por três fases de avaliação (ergonômica, pedagógica e usabilidade, realizadas por webdesigners/programadores, docentes/enfermeiros e alunos do curso de graduação em enfermagem. Como instrumentos de pesquisa, foram aplicados três diferentes formulários de avaliação, baseados em escala Likert de cinco pontos, após a utilização da simulação. Os resultados apresentados nos formulários mostram análises positivas em todas as avaliações, destacando na avaliação pedagógica o estímulo ao aprendizado e na avaliação de usabilidade a satisfação dos alunos na utilização do ambiente e a facilidade de manuseio, traduzindo a indicação do uso dessa simulação para melhoria do processo ensino-aprendizagem.
Sayonara de Fatima Faria Barbosa
Web-based simulation: a tool for teaching critical care nursing / Simulação baseada na web: uma ferramenta para o ensino de enfermagem em terapia intensiva / Simulación utilizando la web: una herramienta para la enseñanza de enfermería en terapia intensiva
Full Text Available Este estudo teve por objetivos desenvolver, implementar e avaliar uma simulação em terapia intensiva, utilizando a tecnologia web, para o ensino de graduação em enfermagem. Foi utilizada metodologia adaptada para construção de material instrucional em ambiente de ensino web, composta por três fases [...] de avaliação (ergonômica, pedagógica e usabilidade), realizadas por webdesigners/programadores, docentes/enfermeiros e alunos do curso de graduação em enfermagem. Como instrumentos de pesquisa, foram aplicados três diferentes formulários de avaliação, baseados em escala Likert de cinco pontos, após a utilização da simulação. Os resultados apresentados nos formulários mostram análises positivas em todas as avaliações, destacando na avaliação pedagógica o estímulo ao aprendizado e na avaliação de usabilidade a satisfação dos alunos na utilização do ambiente e a facilidade de manuseio, traduzindo a indicação do uso dessa simulação para melhoria do processo ensino-aprendizagem. Abstract in spanish Este estudio tuvo por objetivos desarrollar, implementar y evaluar una simulación de terapia intensiva, utilizando la tecnología web, para la enseñanza de graduación en enfermería. Fue utilizada una metodología adaptada para la construcción de material de instrucción en ambiente de enseñanza web, co [...] mpuesta por tres fases de evaluación (ergonómica, pedagógica y utilización), realizadas por webdesigners/programadores, docentes/enfermeros y alumnos del curso de graduación en enfermería. Como instrumentos de investigación, fueron aplicados tres diferentes formularios de evaluación, basados en la escala Likert de cinco puntos, después de la utilización de la simulación. Los resultados presentados en los formularios muestran análisis positivos en todas las evaluaciones, destacando en la evaluación pedagógica el estímulo al aprendizaje y en la evaluación de utilización la satisfacción de los alumnos al usar el ambiente y al constatar la facilidad del manoseo, traduciendo la indicación del uso de esa simulación en un proceso para mejorar la enseñanza y el aprendizaje. Abstract in english The objectives of this study were to develop, to implement and to evaluate a web-based simulation for critical care nursing, as a tool for teaching nursing students at the undergraduate level. An adapted methodology was used to develop teaching material in a web-based learning environment, consistin [...] g of three evaluation phases (ergonomic, pedagogical and usability), carried out by web-designers/programmers, nursing teachers/nurses, and undergraduate nursing students. The research tools used were three different evaluation forms, based on a five-point Likert scale, which were applied after using the simulation. The results garnered from the forms show positive analyses in every evaluation, with special emphasis on the encouragement of learning in the pedagogical evaluation period. In the usability evaluation, the highlight was on the students' satisfaction in using the environment and how easy it was to navigate. This shows the feasibility of using this simulation to improve the learning process.
Sayonara de Fatima Faria, Barbosa; Heimar de Fatima, Marin.
A possibilidade de contribuição da acupuntura no ensino da simulação clínica em enfermagem / Contribution's possibility of acupuncture in the teaching of clinical simulation in nursing / La posibilidad de contribución de acupuntura en la enseñanza de la simulación clínica en enfermería
Full Text Available O presente estudo situa a discussão sobre a possibilidade emergente da inserção dos conhecimentos oriundos da acupuntura como contribuição para as práticas pedagógicas do ensino clínico simulado da graduação em enfermagem. O trabalho reflexivo emergiu como um recorte do projeto de dissertação "Estud [...] o da avaliação no disparador de aprendizagem simulação - Laboratório Morfofuncional/Faculdade de Enfermagem/Universidade Federal de Pelotas". A relação integral entre o homem e a natureza desenvolvida na acupuntura emerge neste estudo como discussões e como uma sugestão potencial enquanto ferramenta pedagógica para a simulação clínica da enfermagem. Nesta reflexão, certifica-se que há a necessidade de desenvolver este recurso pedagógico com vistas a ampliar o ensino da simulação clínica em enfermagem. Abstract in spanish Este estudio sitúa el debate surgido sobre la posibilidad de integración de los conocimientos de la acupuntura como una contribución a las prácticas pedagógicas de la educación simulada clínica de la enseñanza de pregrado. El trabajo de reflexión surgió como una aproximación al proyecto de tesis "Es [...] tudio sobre la evaluación del aprendizaje de simulación de activación - morfo-Lab/Escuela de Enfermería/Universidade Federal de Pelotas". La relación integral entre el hombre y la naturaleza desarrollados en este estudio como la acupuntura emerge como una sugerencia de los debates y el potencial como una herramienta pedagógica para la simulación de la enfermería clínica. En esta reflexión, asegúrese de que hay una necesidad de desarrollar este recurso para la enseñanza de ampliar la enseñanza de la simulación clínica en enfermería. Abstract in english This study situates the emerging discussion about the possibility of integration of knowledge from acupuncture as a contribution to the pedagogical practices of simulated clinical education of undergraduate nursing education. The reflective work emerged as an approach to the dissertation project "St [...] udy on the evaluation of trigger learning simulation - Morphofunctional Lab/College of Nursing/Universidade Federal de Pelotas". The integral relationship between man and nature developed in this study as acupuncture emerges as a suggestion discussions and potential as a pedagogical tool for the clinical simulation in nursing. In this reflection, make sure that there is a need to develop this educational resource aimed at expanding the teaching of clinical simulation in nursing.
Mateus Casanova dos, Santos; Maria Cecília Lorea, Leite; Rita Maria, Heck.
Development and use of digital educative objects in nursing teaching Creación e utilización de objetos educativos digitales para la enseñanza de enfermería Desenvolvimento e utilização de objetos educacionais digitais no ensino de enfermagem
Full Text Available This paper describes a development project of digital learning objects in nursing, and the evaluation of their use by teachers and undergraduate nursing students. The strategies for their development were composed of the following stages: conceptual modeling, development of instructional materials, implementation in a virtual learning environment, and evaluation. This is an ongoing study and preliminary results demonstrate that teachers and students evaluated the design and the content of the nursing digital learning objects satisfactorily, but demonstrate difficulties in using them. The results point to the impact of innovation through the consolidation of the use of educational technologies integrated to the teaching of nursing, as well as a support program for teachers.Este trabajo constituye la descripción de un proyecto del desarrollo de objetos educacionales digitales en enfermería, y la evaluación de su utilización por alumnos de la carrera universitaria de enfermería. Las estrategias para su desarrollo se constituyeron por las etapas de modelaje conceptual, de desarrollo de los materiales instruccionales, su implementación en ambiente virtual de aprendizaje y la evaluación. El estudio se encuentra en curso, y los resultados preliminares demuestran que los profesores y los estudiantes evaluaron el diseño y el contenido de los objetos educacionales digitales en enfermería satisfactoriamente, pero demuestran dificultades al usarlas. Los resultados apuntan para el impacto con relación a la innovación, por la consolidación del uso de tecnologías educacionales integradas a la enseñanza de enfermería, así como un programa de ayuda para los profesores.Este trabalho descreve um projeto de desenvolvimento de objetos educacionais digitais em enfermagem e a avaliação da sua utilização junto aos alunos e professores de um curso de graduação em enfermagem. As estratégias para o desenvolvimento de objetos educacionais digitais em enfermagem foram constituídas pelas etapas de modelagem conceitual, de desenvolvimento dos materiais instrucionais, sua implementação em ambiente virtual de aprendizagem e a avaliação. O estudo encontra-se em andamento e os resultados preliminares demonstram que os professores e os alunos consideram os objetos educacionais digitais sobre semiotécnica adequados quanto à sua apresentação visual e seu conteúdo, porém apresentam dificuldades quanto à utilização. Os resultados apontam para o impacto da inovação, que o uso de tecnologias educacionais digitais traz ao ensino de enfermagem, assim como a necessidade de atualização do corpo docente sobre o processo de ensino em ambiente virtual.
Ana Luísa Petersen Cogo
Development and use of digital educative objects in nursing teaching / Desenvolvimento e utilização de objetos educacionais digitais no ensino de enfermagem / Creación e utilización de objetos educativos digitales para la enseñanza de enfermería
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese, Spanish Abstract in portuguese Este trabalho descreve um projeto de desenvolvimento de objetos educacionais digitais em enfermagem e a avaliação da sua utilização junto aos alunos e professores de um curso de graduação em enfermagem. As estratégias para o desenvolvimento de objetos educacionais digitais em enfermagem foram consti [...] tuídas pelas etapas de modelagem conceitual, de desenvolvimento dos materiais instrucionais, sua implementação em ambiente virtual de aprendizagem e a avaliação. O estudo encontra-se em andamento e os resultados preliminares demonstram que os professores e os alunos consideram os objetos educacionais digitais sobre semiotécnica adequados quanto à sua apresentação visual e seu conteúdo, porém apresentam dificuldades quanto à utilização. Os resultados apontam para o impacto da inovação, que o uso de tecnologias educacionais digitais traz ao ensino de enfermagem, assim como a necessidade de atualização do corpo docente sobre o processo de ensino em ambiente virtual. Abstract in spanish Este trabajo constituye la descripción de un proyecto del desarrollo de objetos educacionales digitales en enfermería, y la evaluación de su utilización por alumnos de la carrera universitaria de enfermería. Las estrategias para su desarrollo se constituyeron por las etapas de modelaje conceptual, d [...] e desarrollo de los materiales instruccionales, su implementación en ambiente virtual de aprendizaje y la evaluación. El estudio se encuentra en curso, y los resultados preliminares demuestran que los profesores y los estudiantes evaluaron el diseño y el contenido de los objetos educacionales digitales en enfermería satisfactoriamente, pero demuestran dificultades al usarlas. Los resultados apuntan para el impacto con relación a la innovación, por la consolidación del uso de tecnologías educacionales integradas a la enseñanza de enfermería, así como un programa de ayuda para los profesores. Abstract in english This paper describes a development project of digital learning objects in nursing, and the evaluation of their use by teachers and undergraduate nursing students. The strategies for their development were composed of the following stages: conceptual modeling, development of instructional materials, [...] implementation in a virtual learning environment, and evaluation. This is an ongoing study and preliminary results demonstrate that teachers and students evaluated the design and the content of the nursing digital learning objects satisfactorily, but demonstrate difficulties in using them. The results point to the impact of innovation through the consolidation of the use of educational technologies integrated to the teaching of nursing, as well as a support program for teachers.
Ana Luísa Petersen, Cogo; Eva Néri Rubim, Pedro; Denise Tolfo, Silveira; Ana Paula Scheffer Schell da, Silva; Rosa Helena Kreutz, Alves; Vanessa Menezes, Catalan.
Ensino de Biossegurança na Graduação em Enfermagem: uma revisão da literatura Enseñanza de Bioseguridad en la Graduación de Enfermería: una revisión de la literatura The teaching of Biosafety in Nursing Undergraduation: a literature review
Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo que realizou um levantamento da produção científica em enfermagem referente ao ensino de biossegurança com o objetivo de investigar o contexto em que se deram e conhecer o conteúdo das publicações acerca do ensino de biossegurança na graduação em enfermagem. Foram analisados artigos de periódicos encontrados na consulta às bases de dados LILACS, SciELO, MEDLINE, BDENF, DEDALUS e PERIENF, identificando 26 artigos. Os resultados encontrados proporcionaram a formação e discussão das categorias: "Bases ideológicas e teóricas", "Abordagem histórica de biossegurança", "Riscos ocupacionais e AIDS" e "Educação em biossegurança na formação". Conclui-se que o número de artigos é pequeno, principalmente artigos enfocando educação em biossegurança, mas houve uma evolução deste conteúdo nos últimos anos.Se trata de un estudio que realizá un levantamiento de la produccion científica en enfermería referente o la enseñanza de bioseguridad con el objetivo de investigar el contexto en que se dieron y conocer el contenido de las publicacions acerca de la ensenonze de bioseguridad em la graduación de enfermería. Fueron analizados artículos de periódicos encontrados em la consulta de bases de datos LILACS, SciELO, MEDLINE, BDENF, DEDALUS y PERIENF, identificando 26 artículos. Los resultados encontrados proporcionaron la formacíon y discusión de las categorías: "Bases ideológicas y teóricas", "Abordaje histórica de bioseguridad", "Riesgos ocupacionales y SIDA" y "Educación en bioseguridad en la formación". Se concluye que el número de artículos es pequeno, principalmente artículos que enfocan educación en bioseguridad, pero hubo una evolución de este contenido en los últimos años.It's a study that made a scientific production survey in nursing regarding to biosafety teaching aiming to investigate its context and discover the content of publishing on biosafety teaching in the nursing undergraduation. It was analyzed the journal articles found consulting LILACS, SciELO, MEDLINE, BDENF, DEDALUS and PERIENF databases, identifying 26 articles. The results found provided the creation and discussion of these categories: "Ideological and theoretical bases", "Historic approach of biosafety", "Occupational risks and AIDS" and "Biosafety education in graduation". It was concluded that the number of articles is small, mainly the ones focusing on biosafety teaching, but there was an evolution of this content in the last years.
Andréia de Carvalho Andrade
Full Text Available Teaching ethics to nurses leads to their involvement in providing high quality care, enable them to duly encounter ethical issues. One of the key elements of educational systems is nursing instructors. Even though lots of studies show the role of instructors in students' learning, their role in promotion of professional ethics has been attended to less.The objective of this study is surveying the experience of nursing students with respect to the role of instructors in promotion of professional ethics.This qualitative study enrolled 15 undergraduate nursing students from three nursing schools in Teheran whom depth interview was performed. The interview was semi-structured with open ended questions. The analysis was accomplished by use of qualitative content-analysis method.Data analysis demonstrated 2 main themes and 7 subcategories in regard to the role of instructors in promotion of professional ethics in nursing students including: 1 the effective professional role model 2 facilitating creative learning. The effective professional role model encompasses individual characteristics and beliefs, clinical skills and professional commitment of role model. Creative learning facilitates by encouraging critical thinking and decision-making, Providing supportive learning conditions, providing proper space for sharing knowledge followed by evaluation and creative feedback.The findings of this study provides a background for strengthening the role of instructors in promotion of professional ethics with more emphasis on research which increase capability of instructors at nursing education centers.
Nurse educators work with the intention of empowering students to provide holistic and comprehensive care. One concept that is essential in the delivery of patient-centered comprehensive care is cultural competence. The process of cultural competence is an imperative for nurses, faculty, and students. Little research exists to substantiate cultural desire in nursing faculty. Subsequently, questions arise about the faculty's desire to teach and promote nursing care that is culturally competent. Therefore, are nursing faculty committed to the process of culturally competence for themselves, students, and the profession? This article reviews the literature on cultural competency as it applies to nursing faculty. Campinha-Bacote's model of cultural competence provides the theoretical underpinning for the discussion and implications of enhancing cultural competence for nursing faculty. Cultural competency among nursing faculty could yield a significant impact by facilitating achievement and provision of culturally competent care for nurses at the local, national, and global level. PMID:24267941
Montenery, Susan M; Jones, Angela D; Perry, Nancy; Ross, Debra; Zoucha, Rick
... LPNs) and licensed vocational nurses (LVNs) provide basic nursing care. They work under the direction of registered ... licensed vocational nurses work in many settings, including nursing homes and extended care facilities, hospitals, physicians' offices, ...
Full Text Available Patricia A Rosenau, Rita F Lisella, Tracey L Clancy, Lorelli S NowellFaculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, CanadaBackground: The nursing workforce and nursing education demographic trends reinforce the urgency to cultivate future nursing leaders, educators, and mentors. The changing realities of health care environments, involving crowded student placements, overtaxed clinical mentors and preceptors, and inexperienced staff, hamper student learning and professional development. Peer mentoring has been used successfully in nursing education to enhance student engagement and the quality of the student learning experience. Although various terms like peer mentor have been used to describe the role of senior students facilitating junior student learning, the literature is silent about how peer mentoring fosters the development of future nursing education leaders.Objectives: The aim of this study was to understand how peer mentorship fosters the development of nursing education leadership in senior undergraduate nursing students enrolled in an elective undergraduate peer-mentoring credit course, Introductory Concepts in Nursing Education and Leadership Through Peer-Led Learning.Design and method: This phenomenological study explored the development of nursing education leadership in senior undergraduate students through the analysis of critical reflections of individual senior students and online discussions between triads of senior students teaching/learning across diverse junior-level theory and practice courses.Participants: Seventeen senior undergraduate nursing students enrolled in the elective course participated in the study.Results: From the critical reflections and online discussions, four themes emerged: "developing teaching philosophies and pedagogies", "learning teaching strategies", "supportive peer relationship", and "benefits of the peer mentorship program".Conclusion: The creation and promotion of peer leadership opportunities provide peer-to-peer learning opportunities and increase leadership and teaching skills of senior nursing students. In the long term, successful peer leadership programs have the potential to benefit individuals outside of the mentorship relationship including peer leaders' future peers and coworkers, their clients or patients, and eventually their own students as they become nurse educators of the future.Keywords: nursing education, peer mentorship, qualitative study, nursing students
Nursing Facilities (NF) Nursing Facility Services are provided by Medicaid certified nursing homes, which primarily provide three ... provided by Medicaid or other state agencies. Where Nursing Facility Services are provided Medicaid coverage of Nursing ...
Turnover of nurse faculty is an increasingly important issue in nursing as the available number of qualified faculty continues to decrease. Understanding the factors that contribute to turnover is important to academic administrators to retain and recruit qualified nursing faculty. The purpose of this study was to examine predictors of turnover intention in nurse faculty working in departments and schools of nursing in Carnegie Doctoral/Research Universities-Extensive, public and private, not-for-profit institutions. The multidimensional model of organizational commitment was used to frame this study. The predictor variables explored were organizational climate, organizational commitment, work role balance, role ambiguity, and role conflict. The work roles examined were research, teaching, and service. Logistical regression was performed to examine the predictors of turnover intention. Organizational climate intimacy and disengagement, affective and continuance organizational commitment, and role ambiguity were shown to predict turnover intention in nurse faculty. PMID:21323245
Gormley, Denise K; Kennerly, Susan
One of the goals of nursing education is to develop caring and responsible nurses with clinical reasoning skills who are capable of improving outcomes in complex healthcare systems. Using the Model of Situated Learning in Nursing Leadership, generalist entry graduate nursing students at Rush University in Chicago, part of a large academic medical centre with Magnet recognition for excellence in nursing practice, are educated using a curriculum based on the clinical nurse leader (CNL) competencies. This article presents a case study that demonstrates how the model is used to provide experiences for learning the CNL role. The students learn leadership in practice through their involvement in ongoing efforts at the medical centre to improve the care of patients with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The case study provides lessons in teaching CNL leadership competencies through efforts to improve the quality of care for an at-risk group of patients. PMID:25629348
Ailey, Sarah; Lamb, Karen; Friese, Tanya; Christopher, Beth-Anne
The Canadian Supreme Court demanded concrete evidence of unlawful conduct that actually fostered discrimination before certain teachers were adjudged to be unsuitable to teach in public schools. A year later, the court held that a schools board's decision not to approve certain curricular materials depicting same-sex parents was unlawful although…
Howard, J. Paul R.
This paper describes the early development and implementation of a micro-computer based nursing work station at Sinai Hospital of Detroit. The system is designed by a multidisciplinary team of nurses, doctors, programmers and other hospital personnel. The software is designed to 1)facilitate effective communication between health professionals, 2)encourage data-based nursing decision-making, 3)standardize nursing care documentation, and 4)decrease the time nurses spend on clerical functions. ...
Lichten, Edward M.; Soble, Irene C.
Introduction: Caring behaviors of clinical teachers is one of the most important and influential factors in the process of clinical instruction, so far has not been paid enough attention. In other words, there has been so little research done in this area, so that the researchers couldn't present the clear image of caring dimensions. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine nursing students' perception of instructors' caring behavior. Methods: This descriptive study was performed on 240 nursing students in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. The participants were selected through stratified random sampling method. The data were collected using Wade's inventory for nursing students' perception of instructor caring (NSPIC). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics in SPSS13 software. Results: The level of nursing instructors' caring behavior during teaching students was medium to high with the mean and standard deviation of 4.65 (0.93), as the highest level belonged to the respectful sharing, and then respectively, instill confidence through caring, appreciation of life meanings, supportive learning climate, and control versus flexibility.Conclusion: The results obtained in this study demonstrate that there is a gap in some dimension in order to achieve optimum about instructors' caring behaviors. Examining and identifying the influential factors in this regard, and applying effective strategies by relevant authorities will be effective in qualitative promotion of clinical teaching. PMID:25821759
Zamanzadeh, Vahid; Shohani, Masoumeh; Palmeh, Tina
Full Text Available Introduction: Caring behaviors of clinical teachers is one of the most important and influential factors in the process of clinical instruction, so far has not been paid enough attention. In other words, there has been so little research done in this area, so that the researchers couldn't present the clear image of caring dimensions. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine nursing students’ perception of instructors’ caring behavior. Methods: This descriptive study was performed on 240 nursing students in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. The participants were selected through stratified random sampling method. The data were collected using Wade’s inventory for nursing students’ perception of instructor caring (NSPIC. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics in SPSS13 software. Results: The level of nursing instructors' caring behavior during teaching students was medium to high with the mean and standard deviation of 4.65 (0.93, as the highest level belonged to the respectful sharing, and then respectively, instill confidence through caring, appreciation of life meanings, supportive learning climate, and control versus flexibility.Conclusion: The results obtained in this study demonstrate that there is a gap in some dimension in order to achieve optimum about instructors' caring behaviors. Examining and identifying the influential factors in this regard, and applying effective strategies by relevant authorities will be effective in qualitative promotion of clinical teaching.
Resilience is a concept that has been explored in many other professions and cultures. Nurses experience many difficult and unanticipated adverse situations that can negatively impact them. Resilience can be cultivated to aid individual nurses and nursing work groups to bounce back from these situations and integrate them into context of their practice. Practices such as meditation and education can support development of resilience. PMID:25714950
Sanders, Ellarene Duis
The third in a series of pamphlets on practical nursing education, this document contains information on accreditation standards governing nursing programs. Included are announcements of: (1) available accreditation and consultation services, (2) policies regulating accreditation eligibility, (3) standards of ethics by which nursing programs are…
National Association for Practical Nurse Education and Service, Inc., New York, NY.
Concepts from neuroeducation, commonly referred in the popular press as "brain-based learning," have been applied indiscreetly and inconsistently to classroom teaching practices for many years. While standards exist in neurology, psychology and pedagogy, there are no agreed upon standards in their intersection, neuroeducation, and a formal bridge linking the fields is missing. This study used grounded theory development to determine the parameters of the emerging neuroeducational field based on a meta-analysis of the literature over the past 30 years, which included over 2,200 documents. This research results in a new model for neuroeducation. The design of the new model was followed by a Delphi survey of 20 international experts from six different countries that further refined the model contents over several months of reflection. Finally, the revised model was compared to existing information sources, including popular press, peer review journals, academic publications, teacher training textbooks and the Internet, to determine to what extent standards in neuroeducation are met in the current literature. This study determined that standards in the emerging field, now labeled Mind, Brain, and Education: The Science of Teaching and Learning after the Delphi rounds, are the union of standards in the parent fields of neuroscience, psychology, and education. Additionally, the Delphi expert panel agreed upon the goals of the new discipline, its history, the thought leaders, and a model for judging quality information. The study culminated in a new model of the academic discipline of Mind, Brain, and Education science, which explains the tenets, principles and instructional guidelines supported by the meta-analysis of the literature and the Delphi response.
Tokuhama-Espinosa, Tracey Noel
Enseñanza de la Enfermería y relación docente asistencial en el marco educacional y sanitario chileno Ensino da Enfermaria e relação docente assistencial no marco educacional e sanitário chileno Nursing teaching and the relationship between healthcare and teaching activities in the Chilean educational and health frame
Full Text Available La enseñanza formal de la Enfermería tiene poco más de un siglo en Chile, y desde sus inicios nace ligada al ámbito de la asistencia. Esto ha generado una relación docente asistencial de larga data e implícita para todos los actores, pero no siempre clara, por no contar con marcos regulatorios formales. La evolución de la política actual en los ámbitos educacional y sanitario, han generado aires de cambio, normando esta relación existente entre Instituciones de educación superior y de salud. El presente artículo describe la evolución de la enseñanza de enfermería, en su relación docente asistencial y, como los recientes marcos regulatorios en educación y salud podrán influir en la calidad de la educación y la relación docente-asistencial.O ensino formal da Enfermaria tem pouco mais de um século no Chile, e desde seus inícios nasce unida ao âmbito da assistência. Isto gerou uma relação docente assistencial de longa data e implícita para todos os atores, mas não sempre clara, por não contar com marcos regulatórios formais. A evolução da política atual nos âmbitos educacional e sanitário, geraram ares de mudança, normando esta relação existente entre Instituições de educação superior e de saúde. O presente artigo descreve a evolução do ensino de enfermaria, em sua relação docente assistencial e, como os recentes marcos regulatórios em educação e saúde poderão influir na qualidade da educação e a relação docente-assistencial.Nursing formal education has a little more than a century in Chile and from its beginnings it was born linked to a care setting. This has generated a long data relationship between healthcare and teaching activities, implicit for all its actors but not always clear due to the absence of formal regulatory frames. The evolution of the current educational and health field politics has generated change airs, ruling this existing relationship between higher education and health care institutions. This article describes the evolution of nursing teaching in its relationship between healthcare and teaching activities and how the current educational and health regulatory frames could influence in the education quality and the relationship between healthcare and teaching activities.
Jacqueline Ester Salgado París
Enseñanza de la Enfermería y relación docente asistencial en el marco educacional y sanitario chileno / Nursing teaching and the relationship between healthcare and teaching activities in the Chilean educational and health frame / Ensino da Enfermaria e relação docente assistencial no marco educacional e sanitário chileno
Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese O ensino formal da Enfermaria tem pouco mais de um século no Chile, e desde seus inícios nasce unida ao âmbito da assistência. Isto gerou uma relação docente assistencial de longa data e implícita para todos os atores, mas não sempre clara, por não contar com marcos regulatórios formais. A evolução [...] da política atual nos âmbitos educacional e sanitário, geraram ares de mudança, normando esta relação existente entre Instituições de educação superior e de saúde. O presente artigo descreve a evolução do ensino de enfermaria, em sua relação docente assistencial e, como os recentes marcos regulatórios em educação e saúde poderão influir na qualidade da educação e a relação docente-assistencial. Abstract in spanish La enseñanza formal de la Enfermería tiene poco más de un siglo en Chile, y desde sus inicios nace ligada al ámbito de la asistencia. Esto ha generado una relación docente asistencial de larga data e implícita para todos los actores, pero no siempre clara, por no contar con marcos regulatorios forma [...] les. La evolución de la política actual en los ámbitos educacional y sanitario, han generado aires de cambio, normando esta relación existente entre Instituciones de educación superior y de salud. El presente artículo describe la evolución de la enseñanza de enfermería, en su relación docente asistencial y, como los recientes marcos regulatorios en educación y salud podrán influir en la calidad de la educación y la relación docente-asistencial. Abstract in english Nursing formal education has a little more than a century in Chile and from its beginnings it was born linked to a care setting. This has generated a long data relationship between healthcare and teaching activities, implicit for all its actors but not always clear due to the absence of formal regul [...] atory frames. The evolution of the current educational and health field politics has generated change airs, ruling this existing relationship between higher education and health care institutions. This article describes the evolution of nursing teaching in its relationship between healthcare and teaching activities and how the current educational and health regulatory frames could influence in the education quality and the relationship between healthcare and teaching activities.
Jacqueline Ester, Salgado París; Olivia, Sanhueza Alvarado.
A study examined the effectiveness of the current inservice training process used to teach newly employed nurses at Bess Kaiser Medical Center to transfer nursing process theory to practice. Eighty-two of 102 recently hired registered nurses were included in the audit sample. The newly hired nurses, whose previous experience varied from less than…
Johnson, C. Frances; Hales, Loyde W.
Full Text Available The first session of interaction in the classroom often sets an atmosphere for the entire period of learning. In terms of nurse educator and student nurse neophyte relations, good interaction is essential in helping students to recognise their own responsibilities and to respond positively during the learning process. The purpose of this study was to determine the nurse educators’ and student nurse neophytes’ perceptions of good interaction in the classroom setting. The study attempted to answer the following specific question: ‘What do nurse educators and student nurse neophytes regard as examples of good interaction in the classroom setting?’ The accessible population in this study were all student nurse neophytes registered with the University of Venda for the Baccalaureus Curationis, and nurse educators responsible for teaching first-year student nurses in this programme. The study used probability stratified random sampling to obtain two heterogeneous groups of student participants. Forty first-year student nurses were divided into homogenous subsets of 15 male and 25 female students. A random sampling was conducted to arrive at 10 male and 15 female students. The sampling method relating to nurse educators was purposive sampling. Focus groups were used to interview students using individual in-depth interviews to gather data from nurse educators. Coding was used to organise the data collected during the interviews. The study revealed that nurse educators and student nurse neophytes concur that the ethical behaviours influencing good interaction are respect and support, good communication, honesty and openness. Age, gender and cultural background were also factors. The participants further indicated that good interaction has benefits such as improved co-operation levels, the enhancement of learning, the improvement of pass rates, and a reduction in dropout rates. In conclusion, there is a need for nurse educators and student nurses to develop good practices to promote good interaction in the classroom setting.
Friddah R. Mathevula
Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The first session of interaction in the classroom often sets an atmosphere for the entire period of learning. In terms of nurse educator and student nurse neophyte relations, good interaction is essential in helping students to recognise their own responsibilities and to respond positively during th [...] e learning process. The purpose of this study was to determine the nurse educators' and student nurse neophytes' perceptions of good interaction in the classroom setting. The study attempted to answer the following specific question: 'What do nurse educators and student nurse neophytes regard as examples of good interaction in the classroom setting?' The accessible population in this study were all student nurse neophytes registered with the University of Venda for the Baccalaureus Curationis, and nurse educators responsible for teaching first-year student nurses in this programme. The study used probability stratified random sampling to obtain two heterogeneous groups of student participants. Forty first-year student nurses were divided into homogenous subsets of 15 male and 25 female students. A random sampling was conducted to arrive at 10 male and 15 female students. The sampling method relating to nurse educators was purposive sampling. Focus groups were used to interview students using individual in-depth interviews to gather data from nurse educators. Coding was used to organise the data collected during the interviews. The study revealed that nurse educators and student nurse neophytes concur that the ethical behaviours influencing good interaction are respect and support, good communication, honesty and openness. Age, gender and cultural background were also factors. The participants further indicated that good interaction has benefits such as improved co-operation levels, the enhancement of learning, the improvement of pass rates, and a reduction in dropout rates. In conclusion, there is a need for nurse educators and student nurses to develop good practices to promote good interaction in the classroom setting.
Friddah R., Mathevula; Lunic B., Khoza.
Full Text Available SciELO Venezuela | Language: English Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio fue comprobar que las estrategias de aprendizaje cooperativo pueden ayudar a incrementar los conocimientos en nutrición de un grupo de enfermeras y auxiliares de enfermería al cuidado de ancianos en diferentes residencias del País Vasco (España). La población objeto de es [...] tudio estuvo formada por 16 enfermeras y 28 auxiliares de enfermería que participaron voluntariamente. La formación consistió en 12 sesiones de educación nutricional en las que se utilizaron estrategias de aprendizaje cooperativo y se llevaron a cabo a lo largo de tres semanas consecutivas. Los instrumentos de evaluación incluyeron dos pretest y dos post-test con múltiples opciones de respuesta. El primer cuestionario fue sobre conocimientos generales (con una escala de 0 a 88 puntos) y el segundo sobre conocimientos de nutrición geriátrica (con una escala de 0 a 18 puntos). El análisis estadístico se llevo a cabo con el programa SPSS versión 11.0. Los resultados indicaron un incremento significativo en conocimientos generales sobre nutrición (diferencia entre el pre-test y el post-test: 14,5±10,1; P Abstract in english The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that cooperative learning strategies will help to increase nutrition knowledge of nurses and nursing assistants caring for the elderly in different institutional communities of the Basque Country, Spain. The target population was a sample of vol [...] unteers, 16 nurses and 28 nursing assistants. Training consisted of 12 nutrition education sessions using cooperative strategies conducted over a period of 3 consecutive weeks. The assessment instruments included two pretest and two posttest questionnaires with questions selected in multiplechoice format. The first questionnaire was about general knowledge of applied nutrition (0-88 point scale) and the second one on geriatric nutrition knowledge (0-18 point scale). Data were analyzed using SPSS vs. 11.0. The outcomes indicated a significant increase in general nutrition knowledge (difference between the pre- and posttest mean score: 14.5±10.1; P
Marta, Arroyo; Ana Mª, Rocandio; Laura, Ansotegui; Estíbaliz, Pascual; Concepción, Martínez de la Pera.
Full Text Available I am absolutely thrilled to have such an opportunity to make a unique contribution to my profession and the wider community. At heart, I have been a nurse for a very long time. I have spent many years in clinical practice and have been fortunate to have personally thrived in the pursuit of scientific inquiry, analysis, reporting and scholarship in nursing. As this is the first editorial of Nursing Reports, I would like to share my vision. An open access journal of this kind is intended, first and foremost, to provide a communication platform from which all levels of credible knowledge relative to nursing, from all reaches of the world, could be disseminated, diffused and debated. A key objective is to make rigorously conducted research accessible to the full spectrum of practicing nurses, academics, educators and interested members of the public. It will be the job of the editorial team to ensure that high academic and ethical standards for research and reporting are reached so that we can build a strong and sound reputation; we want the journal to be widely read and influential within the broad fields of nursing, health and social care. A second objective relates to the relatively new paradigm of open access journals; there is huge scope here to reach out to nurses in the world, not only those who have subscriptions or affiliated with academic or health service libraries. The focus of the journal is to present a global perspective of nursing, its advances and issues of current concern. As nurses we are committed to the health of communities – our personal contribution may be clinical, political, educative or academic. Therefore submissions on all areas relevant to nursing are requested, whether they are in the form of empirical reports, reviews of literature, conceptual analyses, debates, short reports from around the globe or open letters that are of concern to the international community. I believe that this journal could be so vibrant and dynamic! Our esteemed associate editors and editorial board currently includes experts in mental health, cancer care, aging, public health and family, acute care, palliative care, social sciences, health promotion, empowerment, disadvantaged groups and education – and statistics. A huge welcome to ALL! Now, let’s get writing and communicating!!
Marilyn Kirshbaum, Editor-in-Chief
Created and maintained by Mesa Community College this large collection of material offers hands on tools and learning objects and would be of great use to nursing faculty, staff and students alike. The easy to navigate site is well organized with a topical set of links including assessments, systems, concepts, disciplines, basics and pharmacology. There is also a search box which remains displayed no matter where a user roams on the site. By navigating through the menu and choosing from topical areas like hematology, cardiac or neurological, users can then go on to explore case studies, assessments, diagnostic tools, patient teaching and much more.
Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to identify factors that enhance and hinder interdisciplinary collaborative practice (ICP among doctors and nurses at the Nnamdi Azikiwe teaching hospital, Nnewi, southeast Nigeria. The study was a cross-sectional descriptive survey and the quantitative method of data collection was employed. The population was all doctors irrespective of area of specialty and all nurses employed and working in the hospital as at the time of study. Proportionate stratified and convenience sampling methods were used to select study participants according to their categories. Using validated structured questionnaire, data were collected from 110 doctors and 95 nurses in the teaching hospital on their perception on ICP and factors that enhance/hinder ICP. Data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Specifically, frequencies, percentages, standard deviation and graphic presentation were used for descriptive analysis of scores while the unpaired t test of mean score using Graph Pad Prism, Version 5.30 was used to determine the influence of profession, gender, and years of experience on perception of ICP at 0.05 level of significance. The study found that both doctors and nurses have positive perception on ICP. Their years of experience have significant influence on their perception. Clear individual roles and good working relationships enhance ICP while giving priority to professional status rather than expertise was seen as a prominent hindrance to ICP. The study recommends collaborative continuing education for doctors and nurses to enhance ICP in patient care. In addition, the inclusion of interdisciplinary collaborative practice programmme into the curriculum of medical and nursing students (where it does not exist would go a long way to strengthen ICP and decrease hindrances when they graduate.
Ijeoma L. Okoronkwo
Ensino da bioética nos cursos de Enfermagem das universidades federais brasileiras / Survey of bioethics teaching in Nursing Courses of Brazilian Federal Universities / Estudio de la enseñanza de bioética en los cursos de Enfermería de universidades federales brasileñas
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Trata-se de artigo de pesquisa documental voltado a identificar a oferta da disciplina ou da temática bioética nos cursos de graduação em Enfermagem das universidades federais brasileiras. Adotou-se como critério básico de seleção de amostra a disponibilização online do projeto político-pedagógico d [...] o curso de Enfermagem. Foram identificadas 16 instituições (27%) que atendiam ao critério, e a bioética constava na grade curricular ou era apresentada como temática específica em oito delas (50%). A outra metade da amostra não oferta a disciplina ou discute transversalmente o tema, embora sete cursos (43,75%) ofereçam disciplinas correlatas: ética; legislação em enfermagem; exercício da enfermagem; deontologia. Verificou-se que um curso (6,25 %) não oferta nenhuma disciplina referente à temática. A falta de padronização curricular em relação à oferta da disciplina permite concluir que a formação profissional em enfermagem é prejudicada e que isso também estabelece discrepância entre os cursos das diferentes instituições. Abstract in spanish Se trata de artículo de investigación documental como objetivo identificar la presencia de la disciplina o de la temática bioética en los cursos de grado en enfermería de las universidades federales brasileñas. Adoptando como criterios basico de selección de la muestra, solamente las universidades q [...] ue pusieron a disponibilidad de forma online los Proyectos Políticos Pedagógicos del curso de Enfermería. Fueran identificadas 16 (27%) universidades federales, de entre las cuales ocho ofrecen la Bioética como componente curricular o temática específica (50%). La otra mitad de la muestra no ofrecen la disciplina Bioética o temática relacionada, siendo que siete de esas (43,75%) abordan temáticas correlacionadas: ética, legislación en enfermería, ejercicio de la enfermería y deontología. Una universidad (6,25%) no aborda la temática. La falta de padrones curriculares en relación a oferta de la disciplina permite concluir que la formación profesional en enfermaría es perjudicada e que esto también establece discrepancia entre los cursos de las diferentes instituciones. Abstract in english This documentary research paper aims to identify the presence of bioethics, or Bioethical related themes, as subject matter in under graduation nursing courses of Brazilian Federal Universities. Adopting as inclusion criteria for the selection of the sample only the universities which provided onlin [...] e the Pedagogical Political Projects of the Nursing Courses. We identified in the collected results from 16 (27%) Federal Universities, that eight Universities have Bioethics as curriculum component or specific theme (50% of the total number) of, and that there is no Bioethics or bioethical related themes teaching, in the other eight universities. Seven of these Universities (43.75%), address the following issues: ethics, nursing law, nursing practice and deontology. And one university (6.25%) does not address the issue. It is concluded that the subject matter bioethics and/or bioethical related themes, are not present in all curricula of the Brazilian Federal Universities nursing courses identified in this study.
José Carlos Ferreira, Couto Filho; Flávia Silva, Souza; Sylvia Sardinha da, Silva; Sérgio, Yarid; Edite Lago da Silva, Sena.
Calidad de la atención de enfermería en los servicios quirúrgicos del Hospital Clinicoquirúrgico Docente "Dr. Joaquín Castillo Duany" / Quality of the nursing care in the surgical services of "Dr. Joaquín Castillo Duany" Teaching Clinical Surgical Hospital
Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se realizó una investigación evaluativa de sistemas y servicios de salud en el Hospital Clinicoquirúrgico Docente "Dr. Joaquín Castillo Duany" de Santiago de Cuba, de enero de 2011 a octubre de 2012, a fin de evaluar la calidad de la atención de enfermería en las salas quirúrgicas de esta institució [...] n, para lo cual se consideraron los pacientes ingresados en estos servicios (97) durante ese período y el personal de enfermería que se encontraba laborando al momento de efectuar el estudio. Entre los resultados se evidenciaron dificultades en el completamiento de los recursos materiales (termómetros y fuentes alternativas de iluminación), la evaluación del desempeño reveló dificultad en los procedimientos y la demora en la recepción del paciente constituyó uno de los aspectos que más incidió en la no satisfacción de los investigados en relación con el personal de enfermería. De igual modo, se identificó insatisfacción de los prestadores de servicios con la estimulación, y se pudo concluir que en el proceso general de atención al paciente en las salas quirúrgicas fueron identificadas las principales deficiencias que constituyen proyecciones de trabajo inmediatas a mejorar para una atención de excelencia Abstract in english An evaluative investigation of health systems and services was carried out in "Dr. Joaquín Castillo Duany" Teaching Clinical Surgical Hospital in Santiago de Cuba from January, 2011 to October, 2012, in order to evaluate the quality of nursing care in the surgical rooms of this institution, for whic [...] h the patients admitted to these services during that period (97), and the nursing staff working at the moment of carrying out the study were considered. Among the results difficulties were evidenced in the disposable material resources (clinical thermometers and alternative illumination sources), the evaluation of performance revealed difficulty in the procedures and the delay in the patient's admission constituted one of the aspects impacting the non satisfaction of those investigated in relation to the nursing staff. Likewise, dissatisfaction of the care giver with the stimulation was identified, and it could be concluded that in the general process of care to the patient in the surgical rooms the main deficiencies which constitute immediate work projections to improve for an excellence care were identified
Yainit, Román Mengana; José Arturo, de Dios Lorente.
Enfermagem como opção: perfil de graduandos de duas instituições de ensino / Nursing as an option: profile of undergraduate of two teaching institutions / Enfermería cómo opción: perfil de graduandos de dos instituciones de enseñanza
Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Estudo descritivo-exploratório, com objetivo de comparar o perfil sócio-econômico e fatores que interferem na opção pela enfermagem dos alunos de duas instituições de ensino no município do Rio de Janeiro. Participaram 152 alunos da instituição (A) e 120 da (B) que ingressaram na graduação em 2004 e [...] 2005. A análise evidenciou que em sua maioria são adultos jovens, mulheres, solteiras, pertencem às classes B e C. O mercado de trabalho em expansão e a oportunidade de uma remuneração melhor são fatores que atraem o alunado da faculdade particular para enfermagem. A divulgação da profissão junto à sociedade e, especialmente, entre os alunos que buscam uma opção profissional torna-se relevante, considerando a desinformação daqueles que ingressam na graduação em enfermagem. Abstract in spanish Estudio descriptivo exploratorio que tiene como objetivo comparar el perfil socioeconómico de alumnos de dos instituciones de enseñanza del municipio de Rio de Janeiro y los factores que interfieren en la opción por Enfermería. Participaron 152 alumnos de la institución (A) y 120 de la (B) que ingre [...] saron en la carrera de Enfermería en 2004 y 2005. El análisis evidenció que en su mayoría pertenecen a la clase media y media baja y son mujeres jóvenes y solteras. El mercado laboral en expansión y la oportunidad de una mejor remuneración son los factores que atraen los alumnos de la Facultad privada para la carrera de Enfermería. La divulgación de la profesión junto a la sociedad y, especialmente, entre los alumnos que buscan una opción profesional se torna relevante, considerando la desinformación de quienes ingresan en la Facultad de Enfermería. Abstract in english This is a descriptive-exploratory study, aiming at comparing socioeconomic profile of students of two teaching institutions of the municipality of Rio de Janeiro and factors that interfere in their option to choose Nursing. The study was composed by 152 students of Institution (A) and 120 of (B) who [...] were admitted to the undergraduate course in 2004 and 2005. The analysis evidenced that the majority belongs to middle and lower middle class and are young adults, single women. An expanding labor market and an opportunity of a better salary are the main factors that attract students of private schools to nursing career. It is important to the profession to be known in society and, especially, among students who search for a professional option, considering the lack of information of students who are admitted to the Nursing undergraduate course.
Thelma, Spíndola; Elizabeth Rose da Costa, Martins; Márcio Tadeu Ribeiro, Francisco.
The limited research related to accelerated second-degree baccalaureate nursing programs primarily focuses on curricular issues or student experiences. The purpose of this study was to focus on the experiences of faculty teaching these students. Using a hermeneutic phenomenological approach, 14 second-degree faculty from the East Coast region of the United States were interviewed to understand their experiences teaching accelerated second-degree baccalaureate nursing students and how these experiences helped or hindered their teaching and learning practices with these students. The challenges associated with teaching these students were identified in the themes At the Top of My Game and Teaching to Think Like a Nurse. This article describes this study and the implications for teaching accelerated second-degree baccalaureate students. PMID:19877576
Cangelosi, Pamela R; Moss, Margaret M
Argues that the meaning of the word "symbiosis" be standardized and that it should be used in a broad sense. Also criticizes the orthodox teaching of general principles in this subject and recommends that priority be given to continuity, intimacy, and associated adaptations, rather than to the harm/benefit relationship. (Author/JN)
Harper, G. H.
Navy nurses are challenged to maintain trauma competency between deployment settings. The Advanced Trauma Care for Nurses (ATCN) course provides trauma nurse training to Navy nurses. Presenting ATCN in a nontraditional environment aboard a Naval vessel during a training exercise provided a rewarding teaching and learning experience. PMID:25768965
Pelton, Ltjg Mary M; Griffith, Lcdr Noelle; King, Cdr Heather
An evolving transformation in nursing ethics is examined in terms of two basic metaphors of the nurse's role and its norms and virtues. Early discussions of nursing ethics portrayed nursing as military service in the battle against disease, associated with the virtue of loyalty and with the norms of obedience and the maintenance of patient confidence in physicians as authority figures. During the past decade, a metaphor of the nurse as advocate of patients' rights has largely replaced the older image. The author supports this change while cautioning that attention should be given to clarifying the meaning of advocacy, revising state laws to allow for expanded nursing roles, educating patients to accept the nurse as advocate, teaching nurses to cope with controversy, and identifying a legitimate place for loyalty to one's associates. PMID:6746274
Winslow, G R
Elementary Rehabilitation Nursing Care; a Manual for Nurses and Ancillary Workers in Nursing Homes, Hospitals, Convalescent Facilities, and Public Health Agencies. Public Health Service Publication No. 1436.
This guide for teacher and student use presents a comprehensive program of physical rehabilitation for aged and physically disabled patients. Developed by the Public Health Nursing Section, the manual was tested by state health department personnel and persons doing inservice teaching in their respective nursing homes. The program is designed to…
Colorado State Dept. of Public Health, Denver. Public Health Nursing Section.
Norwegian nurse educators (n=348) rated teaching and nursing competence more highly than evaluation skills, teacher personality, or relationships with students. Those with over 10 years experience rated relationships higher. Correlations between the importance of these factors and application in practice were few and weak. (Contains 34…
Johnsen, Kristin Ormen; Aasgaard, Heid Svenkerud; Wahl, Astrid Klopstad; Salminen, Leena
Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The South African Qualification Authority Act (58/1995) requires that the facilitators of the education and training programme for nursing students implement teaching strategies that facilitate critical reflective thinking and lifelong learning. This article seeks to report fourth-year nursing stude [...] nts' experiences regarding the use of a case study approach as a learning opportunity. Much has been documented about the case study as an effective strategy to facilitate learning. A purposive convenience sampling method was used to select 24 nursing students in a South African university. Descriptive naïve sketches were used to collect data. The results were analysed using the content data analysis method (Burns & Grove 2003). Measures to ensure the trustworthiness of the study were taken in accordance with Lincoln and Guba's (1985) principles. Ethical standards for research were observed in order to maintain the integrity of the research. The research findings suggest that the case study as a learning opportunity is effective in facilitating learning, as indicated by the following three categories: increase in critical thinking skills, increased theory and practice integration and increased growth in presentation skills. These categories were conceptualised using the relevant literature in order to describe research-based recommendations regarding the use of a case study approach as a learning opportunity. It is recommended that facilitators involved in the nursing education programme make use of a case study approach as a learning opportunity at all levels of the nursing education programme.
Jackie M.L., Malesela.
This study evaluated the effectiveness of two teaching methods to determine which is more effective in enhancing the knowledge base of participating nurses: the preceptor model embodies decentralized instruction by a member of the nursing staff, and the formal teaching model uses centralized teaching by the inservice education department. (JOW)
Shamian, Judith; Lemieux, Suzanne
Full Text Available Background: Patients expect nurses to be both technically competent and psychosocially skilled. Enhancing the quality of patient care and patient safety in healthcare settings has increased, resulting in limited opportunities for students to practice clinical skills in healthcare settings. Achieving competence in these skills is viewed as an essential task to be completed during the school curriculum. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of self-observation through cellular recordings as an adjunct to the clinical skills teaching of a blood sugar test to undergraduate nursing. Design: The research design consisted of pre- and post-test consecutive experimental design through a control group. Settings: This study targeted nursing students enrolled in baccalaureate programs running in Korea. Participant: The participants were 64 students including 34 for the experimental group and 30 for the control group. Methods: Those in the control group received standard teaching methods using lectures and skills classes and facilitated the use of self-study methods. Those in the experimental group received standard teaching using lectures and skills classes and facilitated use of cell phone recorded self-observation. The self-confidence of practicing a blood sugar test, satisfaction with the learning method, self-study participation, level of interest in nursing practice, and self-directed learning ability were measured using questionnaires. Results: Significant between-groups differences were detected in self-confidence of practicing a blood sugar test (t = 2.067, p = 0.043, satisfaction with the learning method (t = 2.818, p = 0.044, self-study participation (?2 = 7.635, p = 0.022, and average self-directed learning ability (t = 3.202, p = 0.002. Conclusions: Self-observation through cellular phone recordings is an effective learning method as an adjunct to teach clinical skills.
Students in an RN-BSN completion program capstone course investigated and critically evaluated mobile medical applications using an information literacy conceptual framework. Students also analyzed their potential usefulness as a resource in nursing practice. Student evaluations focused on usability and applicability when recommending the use of mobile applications as a point-of-care reference tools. This pilot assignment offers an innovative teaching strategy for integrating 1 aspect of informatics instruction into the nursing curriculum. PMID:24937293
Airth-Kindree, Norah; Vandenbark, R Todd