Owen, Amy M; Ward-Smith, Peggy
Simulation in nursing education uses specific patient scenarios to provide students with hands-on learning experiences. A near-peer teaching experience, using upper-level nursing students as standardized patients, was created as an educational intervention. The premises of social cognitive theory, which include cognitive, behavioral, and environmental factors, were incorporated into this teaching activity. The upper-level students played the role of a patient, while they also practiced leadership, teaching, and mentoring of first-semester nursing students. In the scenario, the first-semester students provided care to the patient, while focusing on safety, identifying the problem, and practicing clinical decision making. Faculty were present to provide guidance and promote communication in debriefing. Near-peer teaching provided a learning opportunity for all students, facilitated teamwork, and encouraged knowledge and skills attainment. PMID:24530131
Yancey, Nan Russell
Nurse faculty face challenges in sharing the values and beliefs that make sense of the phenomena of nursing with their students. A focus on nursing theory is weakening. Insights are offered here from the unique perspective of the humanbecoming teaching-learning model (Parse, 2014) to guide nurse educators in promoting the integrity of nursing curriculum and providing nurses with the theoretical foundation to inform research, practice, and education. PMID:26396208
A.M. de Kleijn; M.E. Muller
Oncology nursing as a specialised nursing discipline has no published nursing care standards for South Africa. The purpose of this study was to formulate oncology nursing standards for a particular research hospital A specific approach was used and the oncology nursing experts in the research hospital compiled and formulated the standards. Group discussions and critical debating of the standards followed. The standards were ratified by means of verbal consensus between the experts and profess...
In this article, a learning strategy for psychiatric nurse practitioner students in a research-intensive university is described. The strategy actively involved students in experiences with standardized patients. The course content included review of the causes, manifestations, assessment, and diagnoses of psychopathology across the lifespan. The goal was for students to build diagnostic reasoning skills so they could conceptualize case formulations and examine differential diagnoses related to mental disorders. Faculty simulated complex mental health disorders in a controlled environment where students practiced assessment and diagnostic skills with feedback from faculty, peers, and the standardized patients. On completion of the course with six different standardized patient situations and a final standardized patient scenario that involved assessment, diagnosis, and creation of a formal paper about the case, the students demonstrated excellent interviewing skills, confident assessment abilities, appropriate use of screening and diagnostic tools, and accurate diagnosis of the standardized patients. PMID:19010054
Fang-qin Wu; Yan-ling Wang; Ying Wu; Ming Guo
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of nursing core competency standard education in undergraduate nursing training. Methods: Forty-two nursing undergraduates from the class of 2007 were recruited as the control group receiving conventional teaching methods, while 31 students from the class of 2008 were recruited as the experimental group receiving nursing core competency standard education. Teaching outcomes were evaluated using comprehensive theoretical knowledge examination and objec...
Long, Tracey B
Multiple curricular approaches are being used to teach cultural competency to nursing students in the United States in accordance with accrediting board standards. As nurse educators are searching for evidence based teaching practices, this article reviews the most commonly current teaching methods being used. Although a variety of methods are being implemented, little empirical evidence exists to suggest any one methodology for teaching cultural competency for nursing students produces significantly better outcomes. The use of clinical experiences, standardized patients and immersion experiences have produced the most favorable results which increase student awareness, knowledge and confidence in working with ethnically diverse patients. PMID:23155896
Yang Heui Ahn
Full Text Available Critical thinking is the basis of professional nursing practice and is essential in the current complex health care delivery system. A major goal of baccalaureate nursing education is the development and promotion of students' ability to think critically. In America, the National League for nursing outcome-oriented accreditation process challenged nursing faculty to think about teaching and evaluating critical thinking. Based on nursing literature, the findings were inconsistent because of a lack of consensus on a definition of critical thinking and the measurement of critical thinking utilizing critical thinking instruments non-specific for nursing. However, a variety of teaching-learning strategies in nursing education were effective in the development of critical thinking dispositions and skills among nursing students. The author provides insight and ideas for nursing faculty as follows: 1 nursing programs must define critical thinking operationally in relation to their curricula; 2nursing faculty must be knowledgeable concerning evaluation of critical thinking disposition and skills and construct a standardized critical-thinking instrument that is specific to the discipline of nursing; 3 nursing faculty must develop teaching-learning strategy in nursing education for improving students' critical thinking abilities. These are prerequisite for critical thinking which should be considered as a criterion in The Standards of Nursing Education in Korea.
Hardiker, Nicholas R.; Hoy, Derek; Casey, Anne
Terminology work in nursing has given rise to an increasing number of nursing terminologies. These generally take the form of controlled vocabularies. Because of the limitations of the controlled vocabulary approach, individual terminologies tend to be tuned to meet the specific needs of their intended users. Differences between terminologies are now a significant barrier to the comparison and interchange of health information. To agree on a single, multipurpose terminology would be problemat...
The nursing service manager is responsible and accountable for quality nursing service management to facilitate optimal attainment of the goals/objectives and outcomes within the context and scope of health service delivery of the health care organisation.
Die verpleegdiensbestuur is verantwoordelik en aanspreeklik vir gehalte-verpleegdiensbestuur om optimale bereiking van doelwitte/doelstellings en uitkomste binne die konteks en omvang van geson...
Duff, Carolyn; Endsley, Patricia; Chau, Elizabeth; Morgitan, Judith
It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses (NASN) that standardized nursing languages (SNL) are essential communication tools for registered professional school nurses (hereinafter, school nurses) to assist in planning, delivery, and evaluation of quality nursing care. SNL help identify, clarify and document the nature and
Mueller, Christine; Arling, Greg; Kane, Robert; Bershadsky, Julie; Holland, Diane; Joy, Annika
Purpose: This study reviews staffing standards from the 50 states and the District of Columbia to determine if these standards are related to nursing home staffing levels. Design and Methods: Rules and regulations for states' nursing home staffing standards were obtained for the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Nurse staffing data were
Xi-wen, Liu; Chun-ping, Ni; Rui, Yang; Xiu-chuan, Li; Cheng, Cheng
Chinese nursing education levels have developed fast over the past few years. Many nursing educators are devoted to the research of nursing teaching. How to cultivate nursing students, creative thinking is one of the principle researches and has received increasing attention. In the course of nursing teaching, we renewed the teaching design based
Kuehn, L; Jackson, K
A competency evaluation program uses nursing standards to link performance management, quality improvement and education to patient care outcomes. This program enables nurse managers to capitalize on the data already available to them and helps meet the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations standards. An orientation competency assessment and an annual competency evaluation are provided. PMID:9325950
Nine nurses were interviewed to determine nurses' experiences of teaching patients to use continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). The material was analyzed using content analysis. Data were sorted into four themes and ten subthemes. The themes were presented as follows: Importance of language, individualized teaching, teaching needs and structure of care in teaching. The findings highlighted important insights into how nurses experience teaching patients to perform CAPD. The study revealed some barriers for the nurses during teaching. The major barrier was shortage of Arabic speaking nursing staff. Incidental findings involved two factors that played an important role in teaching, retraining and a special team to perform pre-assessments, including home visits. In conclusion, the findings of this study showed several factors that are considered as barriers for the nurses during teaching the CAPD patients and the need to improve the communication and teaching in the peritoneal dialysis units, including the importance of individualized teaching. PMID:25758880
Full Text Available Objective: to improve the comprehensive ability of nursing students, to meet the need of clinical nursing. Methods: selected senior nursing students of two classes from grade 2012 , one class was taught by situational teaching method, the other class was in the traditional teaching method. By questionnaire with theory and skills examination, analyze the two groups of nursing students in the teaching effect. Results: the experimental group of situational teaching of nursing students generally agree that the experimental group nursing theory and skills examination scores were higher than control group (the value of T are 2.339, 2.339; P ? 0.05 respectively difference is statistically significant. Conclusion: the application of situational teaching method in nursing skill training, improves the teaching effect and the comprehensive ability of nursing students, worth wide application.
Pop, Marcel; Hollós, Sándor; Vingender, István; Mészáros, Judit
Our paper is presenting a new initiative regarding an international cooperation willing to develop a dual degree program in nursing, the so-called Transatlantic Curriculum in Nursing. The candidates--after successful completion of their studies--will get a European and an American partner diploma in nursing. The objective is to prepare an internationally and culturally competent workforce; develop the practice of nursing students' exchange programs; process the model of dual degree independent of geographical, political or cultural borders; spread the evidence-based nursing standards in the daily practice. The partners in this initiative are Semmelweis University in Budapest, Hungary, Nazareth College of Rochester, NY, USA and Laurea University in Tikkurila, Finland. The planned activities in the framework of the program: mutual student and staff mobility, joint curriculum development and teaching process, determining joint standards. The expected outcomes are: to develop a standardised model for the enhancement and implementation of international educational programs in nursing; to improve institutional work culture; to improve professional terminology and cultural abilities; to create the model of a new type of nursing professional having a high level of cultural and language competence which are indispensable for participating in global programs. PMID:19240013
Upchurch, Sandra; Brosnan, Christine A.; Grimes, Deanna E.
A process for teaching research synthesis to advanced practice nurses includes two courses: a first research applications course in which students build bibliographic databases, practice statistical analysis, and develop search skills; and a second course in which they complete literature reviews or meta analyses of research on clinical practiceâ¦
Upchurch, Sandra; Brosnan, Christine A.; Grimes, Deanna E.
A process for teaching research synthesis to advanced practice nurses includes two courses: a first research applications course in which students build bibliographic databases, practice statistical analysis, and develop search skills; and a second course in which they complete literature reviews or meta analyses of research on clinical practice
GRIFFIN, GERALD J.; KINSINGER, ROBERT E.
TO TEST THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION IN TRAINING NURSES, THIS DEMONSTRATION PROJECT EVALUATED THREE EXPERIMENTAL GROUPS OF 15 STUDENTS AND FOUR CONTROL GROUPS OF 10 STUDENTS. IN ADDITION TO INCREASING TEACHING CAPACITY BY FIVE STUDENTS PER INSTRUCTOR, THE FOLLOWING BENEFITS WERE NOTED FROM SEVEN EVALUATIVE QUESTIONS POSED TO
Treistman, Judith M.
The author demonstrates through poetry samples how feminist poetry can help nursing students understand patient feelings and emotions while students take part in a clinical rotation in a women's health unit. Topics include aging, pregnancy, childbirth, and sense of "self." (CT)
Phelps, Sue F; Hyde, Loree; Planchon Wolf, Julie
The Association for College and Research Libraries published the Information Literacy Competency Standards for Nursing (ILCSN) in January 2014, written by a task force of the Health Sciences Interest Group of the American Library Association. The ILCSN describes skills ranging from basic to advanced information research competencies for students enrolled in nursing programs at all levels and for professional nurses. This article guides administrators and faculty in use of the standards to design programs and coursework in information skills to support evidence-based practice. PMID:25997150
Sarkis, J M; Conners, V L
The expansion of research-based literature is one of the foremost goals of the nursing profession. Linked to this goal are the utilization and further development of nursing libraries. This paper discusses some historical factors that have influenced nursing literature. It presents a model for teaching graduate nursing students the relationship between research and library information skills.
One of the biggest challenges in nursing education is to develop culturally sensitive graduates. Although theory and lecture are appropriate to introduce cultural issues, the application of those skills is limited by the kinds of clinical experiences and patient populations students may treat. Literary works are a rich source of information for nursing. This assignment was created to sensitize the students to the influence of cultural diversity. Students were assigned to read one novel from an approved list and answer the questions posed on the Cultural Discovery worksheet. The only direction that was given regarding novel selection was that the novel had to represent a culture other than the student's own. The focus was to expose students to a different culture. Classroom discussion, based on worksheet answers, followed. The assignment's good, bad, and ugly outcomes are discussed. Suggestions for adaptation of this assignment to an online format are also provided. PMID:19645367
Leodoro Jabien Labrague
Full Text Available Student nurses are often exposed to various infections during their clinical exposure. Knowledge and compliance with standard precautions is essential in the prevention of health care infections and protection of patients as well as medical workers from exposure to infectious agents. This investigation assessed the knowledge and degree of compliance regarding standard precautions among student nurses in a government university in Samar, Philippines. A cross-sectional study was adopted for this investigation and data were collected over a period of one month from April 8 to May 7, 2012. Fifty eight student nurses who were enrolled in the university were all asked to complete the self report questionnaires regarding standard precautions. Vast majority (89.65% of the student nurses have good knowledge (m = 14.45/19 and high compliance (m = 3.59 of standard precautions. The use of mask has the highest degree of compliance (m = 3.95 while the use of eye goggles has the lowest degree of compliance (m = 3.19. Findings suggest no significant association between knowledge and compliance with standard precautions. Teaching approaches must be geared towards intensifying further the compliances especially with the use of other protective equipments such eye goggles and gloves. Furthermore, environment that models and promotes standard precaution practices should be developed by the faculty.
Wang, Wen-Ruey; Lin, Y.; Chen, K.
The introductory physics is taught by a physics teacher who integrated nursing technique with the text in the nursing format, in nursing language and demonstrating in class the operation of nursing instruments, with lecture support from a nursing teacher. This is teaching med-nursing physics. The null hypothesis is rejected under the alternative hypothesis that teaching med-nursing physics is superior than teaching traditional introductory physics in the nursing college of the study university, by a traditional trained physics teacher. The study design is a case group comparing with 6 groups of controls, who from 24and 5-year-discipline systems are taking or took the introductory physics. The superiority testing is relied on the accessment form that has 10 questions on the introductory physics, and 10 questions on nursing technique. The SAS procedure of GLM has been employed for the 1-way ANOVA on the 20 accessment questions, under scoring systems.
Mara Solange Gomes Dellaroza
Full Text Available The study aims to identify the dynamics of teaching management in nursing degree. It is an integrative literature review with research conducted in the following online database platforms: SciELO, Medline, Lilacs and BDENF. The keywords used in the study were: competency-based education, professional competence, education, nursing, organization and administration, management, nursing, educational assessment, organization of management services, management of professional practice and education. All articles published in the last 10 years which answered the question presented to approach the teaching of nursing management in Brazil, published in any language were included. Those that were not presented in full text were excluded. Of the 1432 studies identified after matching the keywords, only 8 were selected for answering objective of this review. From these results, three related themes emerged: the teaching plans, workload and program content; methodologies of teaching and learning in nursing management; challenges faced in developing the teaching of nursing management.
Yang Heui Ahn
Full Text Available The goal of accreditation is to ensure that the education provided by an institution of higher education meets an acceptable level of quality. This study developed standards and criteria for accreditation of baccalaureate nursing education programs, by comparing accreditation in South Korea and in the United States, and validating standards and criteria. A main comparative analysis was made between Nursing League for Nursing Accrediting Commission (NLNAC standards, Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education (CCNE standards for accreditation of baccalaureate nursing education programs, and Korean Accreditation Board of Nursing standards for accreditation of nursing education programs. The research team developed and validated standards and criteria for South Korean baccalaureate nursing education programs. Using the results of the analysis, revisions are proposed to standards for accreditation of baccalaureate nursing education programs, and categorized into 24 criteria and six domains: mission and governance, curriculum and teaching-learning practices, students, faculty, resources, effectiveness. Further studies are required to refine the standards and criteria and make them sophisticated enough to be applied globally.
Bell, Julie Ann
Non-pediatric nurses in rural areas often care for children in adult units, emergency departments, and procedural areas. A half-day program about pediatric nursing using constructivist teaching strategies including an advance organizer, case studies, and simulation was offered at a community hospital in Western North Carolina. Nurses reported a
Robinson, F Patrick
The best theoretical or practical approaches to achieving learning outcomes in nursing likely depend on multiple variables, including instructor-related variables. This paper explores one such variable and its potential impact on learning. Application of the principles inherent in servant leadership to teaching/learning in nursing education is suggested as a way to produce professional nurses who are willing and able to transform the health care environment to achieve higher levels of quality and safety. Thus, the concept of servant teaching is introduced with discussion of the following principles and their application to teaching in nursing: judicious use of power, listening and empathy, willingness to change, reflection and contemplation, collaboration and consensus, service learning, healing, conceptualization, stewardship, building community, and commitment to the growth of people. Faculty colleagues are invited to explore the use of servant teaching and its potential for nursing education. PMID:19235280
National Education Association, Washington, DC. Dept. of School Nurses.
This is a collection of four short pamphlets dealing with various aspects of school nursing services. "Standards for School Nurse Services" outlines the ten major areas of responsibility of nursing services in the schools. "Evaluation Instruments for School Nursing Services" presents the format and explanation of evaluation forms to be used by
Yearous, Sharon Kay Guthrie
The independent, complex role of a school nurse requires accurate documentation of assessments, interventions, and outcomes. Consistent documentation by all school nurses is crucial to study the impact of nursing interventions on children's health and success in school. While standardized nursing languages are available, the actual use of
Gore, Teresa N; Johnson, Tanya Looney; Wang, Chih-hsuan
Nurse educators claim accountability to ensure their students are prepared to assume leadership responsibilities upon graduation. Although front-line nurse leaders and nurse executives feel new graduates are not adequately prepared to take on basic leadership roles, professional nursing organizations such as the American Nurses Association (ANA) and the Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) deem leadership skills are core competencies of new graduate nurses. This study includes comparison of a leadership-focused multi-patient simulation and the traditional leadership clinical experiences in a baccalaureate nursing leadership course. The results of this research show both environments contribute to student learning. There was no statistical difference in the overall score. Students perceived a statistically significant difference in communication with patients in the traditional inpatient environment. However, the students perceived a statistical significant difference in teaching-learning dyad toward simulation. PMID:25928758
Explores the relationship of state standards for the teaching of evolution to the actual teaching of that subject. Compares a grading of states for their performance and discusses the question of whether state standards matter. (MM)
Full Text Available Introduction: Nursing care is an essential component of health services. Patient's health and improvement depends on the quality of nursing care. Nurses and patients views as well as their active participation for making decision have an important role in quality of services, so it must be regarded as a principle. The purpose of this research was to study nurses' and patients' viewpoints regarding quality of nursing care in teaching hospital of Semnan (Iran. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-comparative study, 52 nurses and 300 patients from internal, surgical, gynecology and pediatric wards of Fatemieh and Amir Hospitals were selected by systematic sampling. Nursing care quality was assessed in psychotic, social and communicative aspects using a Quality Patient Care Scale questioner. The questioner had 41 questions with 3 answer choices (rarely, occasionally and usually that marked from 1 to 3. Mean scores were calculated for all subjects and then were categorized in undesirable (less than 1.5, low desirable (1.5-2.49 and desirable (2.5-5 groups. Results: 31.6 % of patients and 92.6% of nurses evaluated psychotic-social aspect of care quality as desirable. The desirability percent for communicative aspect of care quality was 24.7% in patients and 56.8% in nurses. There was a significant statistical difference between patients and nurses views in both aspects (P<0.001. In psychosocial aspect, 73.5% of patients expressed that nurses do not introduce themselves and 77.9% of them expressed that nurses rarely introduce new patients to other patients. In communicative aspect, 42.5% of patients declared that they ensured about their secrets rarely. Conclusion: Nurses' and patients' viewpoints on quality of nursing care were different because of their various experiences and insight. Thus, re-evaluation of the quality standards of nursing care based on client approach, choosing some strategies to increase nurse-patient communication and considering psycho-social patients needs seems to be a necessity.
Marlene Gomes Terra, TaÃs Vicari, Annie Jeanninne Bisso Lacchini, Helena Carolina Noal, Carolina Fajardo Valente Pagliarin BrÃ¼ggemann
Full Text Available Objective: to analyze the way nursing undergraduate students perceive teaching-care integration and its relation with the process of Professional formation. Methodology: this is a qualitative research conducted from September to October 2009 with nine students, male and female, attending the seventh and eighth semester of the Nursing School of a university in southern Brazil. An open and recorded survey has been used. For data analysis, Content Theme analysis has been applied. The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, by accreditation number 0113.0.243.000-09. Results: the interviews led to two theme categories: perception of the students on teaching-care integration in nursing and perception of curricular practical classes and supervised internship. The students perceive integration among professors and care nurses as not effective yet, being, many times, inexistent. The also pointed the importance of the role of the educator as a facilitator of the relationship and integration with the nursing team. Conclusions: Teaching-care integration is not a vivid reality; however there are principles of change that indicate the possibility of establishing relationships that optimize professional formation. Descriptors: service of teaching-care integration; nursing; nursing students.
Backer Condon, Barbara
Many people, depending on different times of the year, become exhausted hearing about politics. Yet, politics can no more be avoided than traffic on a freeway. It always exists. Nursing education then is also infused with politically-driven ideas and trends which can influence program success and quality. The author focuses on and explores some of the ever-present politically charged issues involving degree requirements for nurses, general political issues for nursing programs, and promotion and tenure. The author concludes with a discussion on Parse's teaching-learning model as a means for nurse educators to transcend political turmoil. PMID:25805381
Ramey, Sandra L; Bunkers, Sandra Schmidt
This column addresses how nurse educators can provide the teaching-learning experiences for novice nurses to develop the leadership competence to effectively practice nursing in an extremely demanding healthcare environment. The authors delve into Mitchell and Bunkers' use of the metaphor of an abyss to explore the lived experience of risking being with others in extremely intense interpersonal situations. Using reflection, students' journal narratives affirm connections made among past experiences and the new knowledge gleaned from exploring and naming the phenomenon of the abyss. Several teaching-learning strategies are offered as ways for addressing the leadership issues related to dealing with intense relational experiences in nursing practice, including exploring nurse theorist Rosemarie Rizzo Parse's essentials of leadership. PMID:16982716
Nurse educators are continually challenged to develop teaching strategies that enhance students' critical thinking, problem-solving, and decision-making skills. Case studies are a creative learning strategy that fosters these skills through the use of in-depth descriptions of realistic clinical situations. Conceptual models of nursing provide a unique body of knowledge that can be used to guide construction of case studies and enhance application of didactic course content to nursing practice. In this column, the author discusses the use of case studies constructed within the context of the Roy adaptation model for a senior level medical-surgical nursing course. PMID:17911329
Anthony, Mary L.; Templin, Martha A.
At MacMurray, a liberal arts college, nursing faculty participate in teaching general education courses. Despite initial resistance from nonnursing faculty and students, the nursing faculty were able to model the importance of liberal arts for nursing majors, integrate academic content into nursing courses, improve students' communication skills,
Full Text Available Objective: Establish position requirements-oriented training system of ICU training nurses in secondary hospital .To standardize the teaching management and improve the training effect for the training nurses in our ICU. Methods: Form the ICU training nurse teaching staff; Formulate training manual according to survey results of nurse training demand?Implement clinical teaching in stages according to the content of the training manual; Proceed comprehensive skills assessment in the different stages of training. Results: The pass rate of the 84 training nurses in 2013was 100%, the excellent rate was 25.72%,the good rate was 36.37%. 84 training nurses completed the training task perfectly according to the training manual, and during the training there was no nursing security incidents. Conclusion: To establish position requirements-oriented training system of ICU training nurses is the main method to solve the shortage of nursing professionals in secondary hospital. This kind of training system is appropriate to the needs of the development of intensive care ,training requirement and clinical requirement. It should be extended in nurse training work in ICU.
LR Uys; S.W. Booyens
In this project standards for nursing records in general hospitals were formulated and then validated by a group o f nurses. An instrument was then designed to evaluate to what extent the standards are reached in a particular hospital. The instrument was then tested in a sample o f nine hospitals. The reliability and validity o f the instrument is discussed.
In these fractured and unsettling times, it is tempting to see nursing as a profession in crumbles. Many nurses are vocalising to media and to each other that they are overworked, underpaid, undervalued and intending to leave the system. Now more than ever, leaders, thinkers and change agents must organise themselves to restore life and vitality to the profession. Nursing educators are cornerstones in this restoration work, yet we too can at times feel overwhelmed and helpless to find engaging approaches to teaching nursing. This is the first of two papers, which argue that critical education is an illuminating philosophy for nursing. It can restore optimism and provide clear directions to assist neophytes and lifelong learners in nursing to become more self-confident, self-determining, optimistic, resistant and change oriented. In this article, the context for learning is considered, exploring transformative teaching as one choice among several learning models. The article offers strategies nurses may use to prepare a fertile ground for learning wherever that may be located. PMID:16619899
Mara Cristina Bicudo de Souza
Full Text Available Introduction: Self-care is a process cognitive, affective and behavioral in which the individual takes responsibility for his own life, conquering integrity in relationships with themselves and the world in which it is inserted. The nurse is teaching who prepares specifically the nurse who, among other duties, is responsible for the care in health care. However it is important to safeguard your health, take care of yourself and then you can take care of the next expressively. Objective: To identify how teachers professional nursing care for their health. Method: This was a qualitative-descriptive research technique used as the focus group was held in an undergraduate degree in nursing from an institution of Vale do Paraíba Paulista, with nurses teachers who teach in vocational education. Data collection was conducted between July and August 2011. Results: Application of focus group technique enabled the development of a process in which the understanding of participants' experiences, their own point of view and feelings of each, thinking collectively about a topic of daily facilitated group discussion and observation controversies. And yet, the development of central ideas found in the reports and direct observation involved. Final considerations: The reports and observations with the group led to perceive the involvement of teachers nurses regarding care of their families. Self-care corresponds to the physical and spiritual.
Cogo, Ana Luísa Petersen; Pedro, Eva Néri Rubim; Silveira, Denise Tolfo; da Silva, Ana Paula Scheffer Schell; Alves, Rosa Helena Kreutz; Catalan, Vanessa Menezes
This paper describes a development project of digital learning objects in nursing, and the evaluation of their use by teachers and undergraduate nursing students. The strategies for their development were composed of the following stages: conceptual modeling, development of instructional materials, implementation in a virtual learning environment, and evaluation. This is an ongoing study and preliminary results demonstrate that teachers and students evaluated the design and the content of the nursing digital learning objects satisfactorily, but demonstrate difficulties in using them. The results point to the impact of innovation through the consolidation of the use of educational technologies integrated to the teaching of nursing, as well as a support program for teachers. PMID:17923991
Full Text Available Background Workplace violence is one of the factors which can strongly reduce job satisfaction and the quality of working life of nurses. The aim of this study was to measure nurses exposure to workplace violence in one of the major teaching hospitals in Tehran in 2010. Methods We surveyed the nurses in a cross-sectional design in 2010. The questionnaire was adapted from a standardized questionnaire designed collaboratively by the International Labor Office (ILO, the International Health Organization (IHO, the International Council of Nurses (ICN, and the Public Services International (PSI. Finally, in order to analyze the relationships among different variables in the study, T-test and Chi-Square test were used. Results Three hundred and one nurses responded to the questionnaire (a response rate of 73%. Over 70% of the nurses felt worried about workplace violence. The participants reported exposure to verbal abuse (64% CI: 59-70%, bullying-mobbing (29% CI: 24-34% and physical violence (12% CI: 9-16% at least once during the previous year. Relatives of hospital patients were responsible for most of the violence. Nurses working in the emergency department and outpatient clinics were more likely to report having experienced violence. Nurses were unlikely to report violence to hospital managers, and 40% of nurses were unaware of any existing policies within the hospital for reducing violence. Conclusion We observed a considerable level of nurse exposure to workplace violence. The high rate of reported workplace violence demonstrates that the existing safeguards that aim to protect the staff from abusive patients and relatives are inadequate.
Aase, Ingunn; Aase, Karina; Dieckmann, Peter
The notions of interprofessional education and interprofessional teamwork have attained widespread acceptance, partly because lack of teamwork has been tentatively linked to adverse incidents in healthcare. By analyzing data from 32 educational institutions, this study identifies the status of...... interprofessional teamwork in all nursing and medical education in Norway. The study programs issued by the 32 educational institutions were subject to content analysis, distilling the ambitions and goals for teaching interprofessional teamwork. Study program coordinators were approached and asked to what degree...... interprofessional teamwork was actually introduced in lecturing and clinical training. Results indicate that the medical and nursing schools clearly aspire to teach interprofessional teamwork and that this has largely been achieved when it comes to theoretical teaching. Although three of the four medical programs...
Full Text Available Purpose: To provide nursing students knowledge of pain prior, during, and post- surgery, recovery and rehabilitation. Methods: Review articles published during 2005 until 2012 that focused on pain assessment and pain management. The databases used in this study were Medline and CINAHL.Results: Postoperative pains need special approach and care. It needs teach patient how to adapt pain, control pain, monitor result of treatment. Conclusion: Nursing students need to learn how to assess pain using appropriate tools for each age level and in patients with special needs. The students also need to learn about pain management including pharmacology and non-pharmacology means and consider pain as the fifth vital sign. As student nurses learn pain assessment, they should be considerate about culture, and different languages that might happen during practical rotations.
Guedes, Glauteice Freitas; Ohara, Conceição Vieira da Silva; Silva, Gilberto Tadeu Reis da; Franco, Glaci Regina Rodrigues de Melo
It's a bibliographic study, in which it was made a scientific production survey on nursing referring to clinical teaching in the Catálogo de Dissertações e Teses do Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas em Enfermagem (CEPEn) (Nursing Study and Research Center's Dissertation and Thesis Catalog) from Associação Brasileira de Enfermagem - ABEn (Brazilian Nursing Association) between 1979 and 2004. It was aimed to describe the study distribution regarding to the number of publishing, applied title, publishing origin, year of application, methodology used and the theme approached. It was concluded that scientific production in this area is still incipient. Thus, we can improve our duties as an educator and occupy our space in the education and health in a competent and qualified way. PMID:19430690
Full Text Available Background and Aim: By providing the greatest amount of direct service to patients, nurses play an extremely valuable and unmatched role in the quality and efficiency of care and curative services. Workplace violence is regarded as one of the factors which can reduce job satisfaction and the quality of working life of nurses and their interaction with patients, as well as the work efficiency of nurses and hospitals. In this study, after translating and validating tools of violence measurement in the health sector, the exposure of nurses to psychological violence was measured in a large teaching hospital in Tehran Methods and Materials: A descriptive-cross sectional design was used in this study in summer of 2009 (1387. The study population included all the nurses (n=413 working in a large teaching hospital in Tehran. The questionnaire used for collecting data was adopted from a standardized questionnaire designed jointly in 2003 by the International Labor Office, the World Health Organization, the International Council of Nurses, and the Public Services International. Analysis of the data was made using the descriptive statistical methods and the Chi square- and t-tests. Results: Sixty-nine percent of the nurses had experienced workplace violence. The most common forms of violence were verbal abuse (%64 and bullying-mobbing (%29. On the whole, 26% of the nurses had experienced both forms of violence in the previous year, while 335 had not faced any form of violence in their workplace. Nurses working in outpatient clinics and emergency wards experienced the highest number of encounters with verbal abuse. Encounters with bullying and mobbing were more common among female nurses than the male ones. Overall most of the violent behaviors were committed by patients and their relatives.Conclusion: Exposure of nurses to psychological violence is considerable and comparable to that reported by previous investigators in other countries. Thus it is highly crucial to adopt appropriate management policies aiming, particularly, at educating the medical personnel in ways of preventing and reporting violent behaviors.
Full Text Available Objective:In order to adapt to the modern occupation education teaching idea, to stimulate studentsâ interest in learning, training students' comprehensive quality, improve the students' active participation, understanding, analysis and problem solving skills. Methods: I In the course of different stages using teaching methods of case analysis: case introduction before class teaching method, case analysis during and after class teaching method, and case analysis of the whole chapter after class teaching method. Â Results and Conclusion: Through the course of different stages of using case analysis teaching method, we can launch the studentsâ active learning, stimulate the students' interest in learning, activate classroom atmosphere, train students' independent thinking, strengthen the problems solving ability, improve the self-learning ability of students, activate their participation and awareness, analysis, judgment, introduction, and strengthen students' exam ability, improve the test scores of students and the teaching effect of nursing in Department of internal medicine.
Wall, Barbra Mann; Rossen, Eileen K
The authors describe a course in psychiatric nursing where media in the form of literature, film, and music were used as teaching strategies. The purpose was to enhance students' sensitivity to the personal experiences of psychiatric patients while also broadening students' understanding of mental illness and the institutions developed to treat it. Students' critical reading, thinking, and analytic skills were cultivated, along with introspection and self-reflection. PMID:14726798
Smith, Michael W.; Wilhelm, Jeffrey D.; Fredricksen, James
The good news about the Common Core State Standards: They emphasize writing convincing arguments about issues that matter, clear and comprehensive informational texts that can do meaningful work in the world, and compelling narratives. The bad news: Traditional approaches to teaching writing aren't enough to meet these new standards. The
Beard, Kenya V.
Racial and ethnic health care disparities continue to plague the United States, placing a tremendous personal and societal burden on individuals. A culturally diverse nursing work force can help eliminate these disparities and improve the quality of health care that is delivered. However, the nursing profession does not reflect the nation's
Logsdon, M. Cynthia; Foltz, Melissa Pinto; Scheetz, James; Myers, John A.
Based upon the Self-Efficacy Theory, this study examined the relationship between self-efficacy, self-efficacy-related variables, and postpartum depression teaching behaviors of hospital-based perinatal nurses. Findings revealed that teaching new mothers about postpartum depression is related to a perinatal nurse's self-efficacy in postpartum-depression teaching, self-esteem, and the following self-efficacy-related variables: social persuasion (supervisor's expectations for teaching); mastery...
Full Text Available Introduction: Nursing profession requires knowledge of ethics to guide performance. The nature of this profession necessitates ethical care more than routine care. Today, worldwide definition of professional ethic code has been done based on human and ethical issues in the communication between nurse and patient. To improve all dimensions of nursing, we need to respect ethic codes. The aim of this study is to assess knowledge and performance about nursing ethic codes from nurses' and patients' perspective.Methods: A cross-sectional comparative study Conducted upon 345 nurses and 500 inpatients in six teaching hospitals of Tabriz, 2012. To investigate nurses' knowledge and performance, data were collected by using structured questionnaires. Statistical analysis was done using descriptive and analytic statistics, independent t-test and ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient, in SPSS13.Results: Most of the nurses were female, married, educated at BS degree and 86.4% of them were aware of Ethic codes also 91.9% of nurses and 41.8% of patients represented nurses respect ethic codes. Nurses' and patients' perspective about ethic codes differed significantly. Significant relationship was found between nurses' knowledge of ethic codes and job satisfaction and complaint of ethical performance. Conclusion: According to the results, consideration to teaching ethic codes in nursing curriculum for student and continuous education for staff is proposed, on the other hand recognizing failures of the health system, optimizing nursing care, attempt to inform patients about Nursing ethic codes, promote patient rights and achieve patient satisfaction can minimize the differences between the two perspectives.
National occupational health standard-Nurse Standard of External Exposure Acute Radiation Sickness has been approved and issued by the Ministry of Health. Based on the extensive research of literature, collection of the previous nuclear and radiation accidents excessive exposed personnel data and specific situations in China, this standard was enacted according to the current national laws, regulations, and the opinions of peer experts. It is mainly used for care of patients with acute radiation sickness, and also has directive significance for care of patients with iatrogenic acute radiation sickness which due to the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation pretreatment. To correctly carry out this standard and to reasonably implement nursing measures for patients with acute radiation sickness, the contents of this standard were interpreted in this article. (authors)
Korjian, Serge; Daaboul, Yazan; Stephan, Antoine; Aoun Bahous, Sola
Organ procurement and transplant improve health outcomes among patients with organ failure. Although many strategies have been developed to overcome the organ shortage, the worldwide rates of organ donation remain suboptimal. The lack of commitment to the health care mission of organ donation and the limited expertise of health care professionals reflect 2 major barriers to organ procurement and raise the need to teach organ procurement to health care professionals early during their undergraduate education. To accommodate the various available curricular models and to develop a homogeneous and equitable teaching methodology irrespective of the adopted design, an early step is to set clear goals and objectives for an organ procurement program. Outcomes should be matched to different academic levels and tailored to the duration of each medical and nursing curriculum. In all cases, hands-on experience leads to a better understanding of the topic, especially with the advent of simulation techniques that may be useful for training as well as testing purposes. An effective program finally requires that attainment of objectives and outcomes are systematically tested using proper evaluation tools that adequately pair with the curricular design. In conclusion, organ procurement teaching should adopt a systematic evidence-based approach that simultaneously contributes to medical and nursing education and improves organ donation rates. PMID:25894128
Lukehart, Dennis E.
The purpose of this research study was to determine the use of humor as a teaching strategy among a sample of nurse educators employed by community colleges and universities in Northern and Central California nursing programs. The study also identified the types of humor used, how humor is used in the classroom, and nurse educators' perceptions of
Vessey, Judith A.; Huss, Karen
Graduating nurse practitioners (n=26) completed simulated clinical encounters with standardized patients. Their performance did not reflect their results on other clinical evaluations and national certifying examinations, suggesting that simulated encounters lack validity and reliability. They may be useful for formative learning. (Contains 38
Lu Lin; Yun-Ying Hou; Xiao-Hua Wang; Yan-Xia Han
Purpose: To explore the feasibility of using graduate students as preceptors in the clinical education of medical nursing students. Methods: Five second-year graduate nursing students were recruited to participate in the clinical teaching of medical nursing for 38 undergraduates in the first semester of the 20102011 academic year, divided into two groups. The first group first received clinical teaching in caring for respiratory diseases from graduate preceptors for six weeks followed by ...
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 mandated that facilities and programs are accessible, so people with disabilities can be included in all aspects of community life including recreation (Dattilo, 2002). Understanding accessibility standards is not an easy task. Educators are faced with the challenge of teaching technical content,
Smith, P.; Cotton, P; O'Neill, A
Objectives: Little is known about the contribution that nurses make to medical student learning. This study set out to explore the nature of practice nurse teaching during the general practice clerkship and to explore ways in which the teacher and learner (the practice nurse and the medical student) can be best supported to maximise learning. Method: Mixed focus groups were conducted with general practitioner educational supervisors and practice nurses. Further focus groups were con...
Herbst, Anna M; Swengros, Diane I; Kinney, Gwen
Nurse educators assisted the director of professional nursing practice in a large healthcare system to implement a human caring program across 108 nursing units. These educators used transformational learning principles to reunite bedside nurses with the art of caring. Implementation included core content in a 30-minute training session, large-scale leadership conferences, and consistent educator support. Affective growth occurred for both clinicians and educators. The authors provide practical ideas, content, and tools to teach human caring. PMID:20683295
Lena Boström; Karin Hallin
The teaching profession has been continually challenged to provide evidence of the effectiveness of teaching and learning methods. Teacher education, as well as nursing education, is currently undergoing reforms in Sweden. At the university where the research was conducted, teaching and nursing programs are two priority educational programs and maybe knowledge of learning styles can improve the quality of these programs. The purpose of this research was to examine the learning style preferenc...
Elisabeth, Carlson; Christine, Wann-Hansson; Ewa, Pilhammar
The preceptor is a nurse who teaches and supports the student and is seen as pivotal to student learning within the clinical setting. Earlier studies have shown that preceptors' pedagogical competence is significant for facilitating learning during clinical practice. However, studies describing pedagogical competence, especially in terms of teaching strategies, seem to be scarce. The aim of this study was to describe which strategies and techniques preceptors use to teach undergraduate nursing students during clinical practice. The study had an ethnographic approach; methods used were participant observations and focus group interviews with nurses who were experienced in precepting undergraduate nursing students. Findings illustrated how preceptors used different strategies and techniques in a continuous process of adjusting, performing and evaluating precepting. Increased knowledge on how the preceptors actually teach student nurses during clinical practice will help facilitate educational programmes for preceptors, which will enhance their pedagogical skills and competences. PMID:19108935
Hormat Sadat Emamzadeh Ghasemi; Forough Rafii; Mansoureh A. Farahani; Nooreddin Mohammadi
It is imperative to understand the factor that influence teaching competency. Therefore, it is necessary to study those that have an impact on the process of acquiring teaching competency. Competent nurse teachers have an important role in the achievement of nursing students and improving the quality of nursing education. However, few researches have focused specifically on the process of acquiring teaching competency in nurse teachers and its related factors. This study as a part of more ext...
Rasmussen, Stine Loft; Lyng, Karen Marie
In the Capital Region of Denmark a full-scale pilot project on IT-supported nursing documentation is - after running for two months at one full university hospital - showing promising results. In this paper we discuss participatory design as a method to design clinical documentation templates that support guideline-based highly structured standard documentation in a large organization with many stakeholders. Applying a participatory design (PD) approach at many organizational levels has involved the stakeholders actively in the design process. Developing a set of design principles has concurrently made it possible to frame the discussions among the different stakeholders. Both PD and design principles have been instrumental in designing and implementing a set of standard templates that support the daily work and coordination between the nurses
Rasmussen, Stine Loft; Lyng, Karen Marie; Jensen, Sanne
In the Capital Region of Denmark a full-scale pilot project on IT-supported nursing documentation is - after running for two months at one full university hospital - showing promising results. In this paper we discuss participatory design as a method to design clinical documentation templates that support guideline-based highly structured standard documentation in a large organization with many stakeholders. Applying a participatory design (PD) approach at many organizational levels has involved...
Day-Black, Crystal; Merrill, Earline B; Konzelman, Lois; Williams, Tammie T; Hart, Natalie
Serious games have "re-emerged" as innovative teaching-learning strategies that researchers have shown to be effective in improving student learning outcomes. "Serious games" refer to games that are driven by educational goals, not entertainment. The use of serious games as part of the teaching-learning experience in nursing education fits into the philosophy and strategies of active learning. The "digital" nursing student needs engagement, stimulation, realism, and entertainment not more readings and Powerpoint supplements in the classroom to support learning. Nursing faculty at a mid-Atlantic Historical Black College and University introduced "serious gaming" technology into a Community Health Nursing course by using two web-based gamed simulations, Outbreak at WatersEdge: A Public Health Discovery Game, and EnviroRisk. This innovation proved to be effective in reinforcing learning and improving student learning outcomes. PMID:26665503
Full Text Available Background: Nursing education is undergoing tremendous changes with the changing needs of the rapidly changing society. A sound education system is the prerequisite for the development of any nation. Aim and Objectives: One way to enhance nursing education was to evaluate the learning perceptions of various teaching strategies in nursing education programs. The study was aimed to evaluate the student learning perception about traditional and modern teaching strategies among under graduate nursing students (N=44. Material and Methods: Post test only design was used to compare the learning perception of students about traditional and innovative teaching strategies (brain storming, concept mapping & problem based learning. One group was exposed to traditional teaching strategy and the other group was exposed to innovative teaching strategy about mental health assessment and therapeutic communication. Results: Findings indicated a statistically significant increase (p<0.006 in the learning perception among students exposed to innovative teaching strategies than those exposed to the lecture method at the end of 4 weeks. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that students perceive innovative teaching strategies in a better way compared to the traditional teaching method as it enhances their motivation for learning, learner control, and self - directed learning abilities. However further evaluation with larger sample size is needed before it can replace traditional teaching methods in nursing education.
Ebrahimpour, Fatemeh; Pelarak, Ferdos
Introduction Nursing documentation is one of the main parts of clinical documentation. Poor knowledge of nurses in documentation methods could bring about problems for patients and nurses. It is very important to promote nurses knowledge and skills in this regard through effective teaching methods. The aim of this study was to use Team-Based Learning (TBL) to teach nursing documentation for nurses. Methods TBL was implemented for 20 nurses participating in a nursing documentation workshop in Qazvin, Iran, in 2015. TBL consists of three main stages. The first stage is the learners reading about the subject matter. The second stage is measuring the learners knowledge about the subject matter they have studied using the Individual Readiness Assurance Test (IRAT). In the third stage, more profound learning is achieved by forming small groups and performing teamwork. Finally, participants views and experiences about TBL were investigated using observations and interviews. Results The results showed that TBL method increases transfer of information and improves intrapersonal relationships and collaboration. All nurses were satisfied with the educational content and the TBL method. The strong points of this workshop included obtaining the viewpoints of the nurses, step-by-step integration of the contents of teamwork, consultation and active participation of all participants, high learning motivation, and creating a sense of competition. The nurses viewed TBL as a useful method to improve their reporting skills. Conclusion Using new teaching methods based on teamwork could bring about achievements, including improvement of intrapersonal relationships and teamwork, which are requisites of nursing in addition to facilitating the learning of educational content. It is suggested that the TBL method be used to improve teaching and to increase nurses skills and knowledge.
Drug calculations are an essential skill for nurses. Nurses need to be able to perform them accurately to calculate correct dosages of drugs to administer to patients. Incorrect calculations can cause drug errors and potential harm to patients (; ). For student nurses therefore learning how to calculate drug dosages is an important skill that they need to be taught during their nurse training. This paper describes an action research project undertaken to explore the most effective way of teaching drug calculations to a group if 2nd year diploma and degree pre registration nurses. The evaluation of this project has demonstrated that a three stage approach to drug calculation appears to be an effective teaching strategy. These stages involve addressing mathematical concepts, teaching drug calculation formulae and then practising these skills in a clinical setting. PMID:15982788
Full Text Available The aim of this article is to present new teaching methods for practical training in nursing within the project Tempus IV CCNURCA (Competency based Curriculum Reform in Nursing and Healthcare in Western Balkan Universities No. 544169-TEMPUS-1-2013-1-BE-TEMPUS-JPCR. Implementation of new practical teaching methods, such as learning with simulator mannequins, practical workshop, nursing process, mind mapping, case studies and problem-based learning (PBL in practical training could help to improve the quality of the educational process in nursing at Universities of Western Balkan countries that have been involved in this project. The realistic conditions in simulation laboratories are reflecting real hospital and patient´s care, communication with patient and hospital staff, discussion and analysis of all student´s activities. The methods of next nursing generation in practical training that can help nurses to get used to the recognition and management of patients by using of simulated real life situations.
Dunlap, Ruby K
The purpose of this column is to describe the experience of teaching nursing theory in Uganda, Africa. The author is a nurse educator from the United States, who with support of a Fulbright grant was a visiting lecturer at Uganda Christian University in Mukono, Uganda. The students were two cohorts of Ugandan graduate nursing students. The account is presented as a case study in exploring the nature, justification, and utility of theory for nurses internationally. Teaching and discussion strategies are described as well as the philosophical and theoretical frameworks for analyzing and defending the building and use of theory in nursing. A convergence of evidence leads to a recognition of implicit theory as constituting the nurse's clinical gaze. PMID:23575496
The author, who has had previous experience as a nurse researcher, has been engaged in helping nurse lecturers to undertake evaluation research studies into innovations in their teaching, learning and assessment methods. In order to undertake this work successfully, it was important to move from thinking like a nurse researcher to thinking like an educational researcher and developing the role of the nursing lecturer as researcher of their teaching. This article explores the difference between evaluation and evaluation research and argues for the need to use educational research methods when undertaking evaluation research into innovations in teaching, learning and assessment. A new model for educational evaluation research is presented together with two case examples of the model in use. The model has been tested on over 30 research studies into innovations in teaching, learning and assessment over the past 8 years. PMID:25630227
Myllena Cândida de Melo
Full Text Available Objective: To investigate practical teaching of nurse residents in a multidisciplinary residency in oncology. Method: A qualitative descriptive study grounded in the problematization methodology and its steps, represented by the Maguerez Arch. Data were analyzed using content analysis. Results: Potentiating and limiting elements of the residency guided the design of a practical teaching protocol from the perspective of residents, structured in three stages: Welcoming and ambience; Nursing care for problem situations; and, Evaluation process. Conclusion: Systematization of practical teaching promoted the autonomy of individuals and the approximation of teaching to reality, making residency less strenuous, stressful and distressing.
T. J. Maunye
Full Text Available The need for the utilization of various teaching strategies by lecturers when facilitating learning cannot be overemphasized. The aim of this study was to establish if lecturers at a Nursing College in Mpumalanga were using teaching strategies that could facilitate the personal development of nursing learners. A quantitative approach was followed for this study. The participants of the study were all lecturers at a Nursing College in Mpumalanga. Data was gathered by means of a questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were used to describe and summarize data regarding the type of teaching strategies used and the recommendations that could enhance the utilization of various teaching strategies. The data revealed that the teaching strategies mostly utilized required active participation of the learners namely: formal/informal writing of assignments; learner-led class presentation; group sessions; clinical case studies; role-playing and clinical rounds. Inclusion of certain strategies such as problem-based learning, structured accompaniment and computer literacy for learners could enhance the personal development of nursing learners. Although lecturers did use some of the teaching strategies that could enhance the personal development of nursing learners, staff development regarding the utilization of various teaching strategies was highlighted as an important factor to be considered. Other findings revealed that lack of resources have a negative influence on the utilization of various teaching strategies.
Hanford, Karen J.
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine current academic practices of compensation, workload, rewards, and tenure and promotion for nursing faculty who teach graduate and postlicensure programs that are delivered 50% to 100% online. Deans and directors who are members of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) were the
Glenwick, David S.; Slutzsky, Mitchel R.; Garfinkel, Eric
Describes an 11-week course given at a nursing home to nursing home aides that focused on abnormal psychology and behavior intervention skills. Discusses the course goals, class composition, and course description. Addresses the problems and issues encountered with teaching this course to a nontraditional population in an unconventional setting.
Mezey, Mathy D.; Mitty, Ethel L.; Burger, Sarah Green
To meet the special needs of and provide quality health care to nursing home residents, the health care workforce must be knowledgeable about the aging process. Health professionals are minimally prepared in their academic programs to care for older adults, and few programs have required rotations in geriatrics. Teaching nursing homes (TNHs) have
Whitaker, Stuart; Wynn, Philip; Williams, Nerys
Responses from 41 of 66 nursing schools showed that occupational health is taught in 88% of nursing diploma and 80% of nursing degree programs. However, the majority focus on nurses' own occupational safety and health, not how patients' health can be affected by work or can affect the ability to work. (SK)
Greicy Kelly Gouveia Dias Bittencourt1
Full Text Available The nursing diagnosis is a complex intellectual activity demanding teaching strategies that stimulate the clinical reasoning from the professional formation. This study aims to discuss the teaching-learning process of the nursing diagnosis through results of studies that emphasized the nursing diagnosis and its implications in the teaching. To analyze the researches, it was done an attentive reading and another one in full to identify similar themes in them. As a result of this analysis, two themes were revealed: the clinical reasoning in the identification of the nursing diagnosis and the teaching-learning process of the nursing diagnosis. The researches emphasize the importance of the clinical reasoning in the identification of the nursing diagnosis and they show the relevance of the critical thought in the teaching of it. It is evidenced that this teaching should extrapolate technical dimension and be based on strategies that stimulate critical and logical thought and clinical reasoning.
Mimi Mohaffyza Mohamad; Nabilah Abu Bakar; Nor Lisa Sulaiman; Kahirol Mohd Salleh; Lai Che Sern
Teaching in vocational education is focused on knowledge and skills. Psychomotor is an aspect that emphasized in teaching competency in vocational education. Teaching based on psychomotor is a way to provide students with the hands on skills. Teachers are the main character in the teaching session. Therefore, this paper explained the differences among teachers in teaching based Standard Competency Assessment with their expertise in particular field. Research used survey design involved 301 te...
Berndt, Jodi L.
Clinical experiences are an integral component of nursing education. Because the amount of time that a student spends in clinical experiences can be as many as twelve to sixteen hours per week, the clinical instructor plays a significant role in the nursing student's development of nursing knowledge. Many nurse educators attempt to balance dualâ¦
Wilkie, Diana J.; Judge, Kay M.; Wells, Marjorie J.; Berkley, Ila Meredith
Describes a multimedia toolkit for teaching palliative care in nursing, which contains modules on end-of-life topics: comfort, connections, ethics, grief, impact, and well-being. Other contents include myths, definitions, pre- and postassessments, teaching materials, case studies, learning activities, and resources. (SK)
Kitko, Jennifer V.
Nursing educators face the challenge of meeting the needs of a multi-generational classroom. The reality of having members from the Veteran and Baby Boomer generations in a classroom with Generation X and Y students provides an immediate need for faculty to examine students' teaching method preferences as well as their own use of teaching methods. Most importantly, faculty must facilitate an effective multi-generational learning environment. Research has shown that the generation to which a person belongs is likely to affect the ways in which he/she learns (Hammill, 2005). Characterized by its own attitudes, behaviors, beliefs, and motivational needs, each generation also has distinct educational expectations. It is imperative, therefore, that nurse educators be aware of these differences and develop skills through which to communicate with the different generations, thereby reducing teaching/learning problems in the classroom. This is a quantitative, descriptive study that compared the teaching methods preferred by different generations of associate degree nursing students with the teaching methods that the instructors actually use. The research study included 289 participants; 244 nursing student participants and 45 nursing faculty participants from four nursing departments in colleges in Pennsylvania. Overall, the results of the study found many statistically significant findings. The results of the ANOVA test revealed eight statistically significant findings among Generation Y, Generation X and Baby boomers. The preferred teaching methods included: lecture, self-directed learning, web-based course with no class meetings, important for faculty to know my name, classroom structure, know why I am learning what I am learning, learning for the sake of learning and grade is all that matters. Lecture was found to be the most frequently used teaching method by faculty as well as the most preferred teaching methods by students. Overall, the support for a variety of teaching methods was also found in the analysis of the data.
Full Text Available In this descriptive study, we aimed to determine the views of nurses on their responsibilities and the students? working system during student clinical teaching. The study universe consisted of nurses working at the Gulhane Military Medical Faculty training hospital while the study sample consisted of 165 nurses working the day shift (08:00-17:00 on weekdays during December 2005 and willing to participate in the study. We used the survey form developed by the researchers following a literature survey to collect the data. This form contained items on the nurses? own responsibilities during the clinical teaching of the students, the working system of the students, their views on being role models and the principles regarding the staff responsible for clinical teaching. Percentages and the chi-square test were used for the analysis of the data. Within the context of the research, 66,1% of the nurses have stated that the course instructor should possess the primary responsibility for the students during the clinical study while some 23,6% of the nurses expressed that the responsibility belonged to themselves. According to the 32,1% of the nurses, the presence of intern nurses in the clinic would increase patient care quality while 32,1% of them indicated an increase in job satisfaction; 49,1% of them expressed that it would not constitute a limitation of time allocated to the patient care and finally 44,8% of them stated that this presence of intern nurses would not increase their workload. 65,8% of the nurses have implied that students should conduct their studies as patient-centric, while 77,6% of them expressed that they would see themselves as the perfect role model for their students during the clinical teachings. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2007; 6(6: 459-464
Full Text Available In this descriptive study, we aimed to determine the views of nurses on their responsibilities and the students? working system during student clinical teaching. The study universe consisted of nurses working at the Gulhane Military Medical Faculty training hospital while the study sample consisted of 165 nurses working the day shift (08:00-17:00 on weekdays during December 2005 and willing to participate in the study. We used the survey form developed by the researchers following a literature survey to collect the data. This form contained items on the nurses? own responsibilities during the clinical teaching of the students, the working system of the students, their views on being role models and the principles regarding the staff responsible for clinical teaching. Percentages and the chi-square test were used for the analysis of the data. Within the context of the research, 66,1% of the nurses have stated that the course instructor should possess the primary responsibility for the students during the clinical study while some 23,6% of the nurses expressed that the responsibility belonged to themselves. According to the 32,1% of the nurses, the presence of intern nurses in the clinic would increase patient care quality while 32,1% of them indicated an increase in job satisfaction; 49,1% of them expressed that it would not constitute a limitation of time allocated to the patient care and finally 44,8% of them stated that this presence of intern nurses would not increase their workload. 65,8% of the nurses have implied that students should conduct their studies as patient-centric, while 77,6% of them expressed that they would see themselves as the perfect role model for their students during the clinical teachings. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2007; 6(6.000: 459-464
Arroyo Izaga, Marta; Rocandio Pablo, Ana MarÃa; Ansotegui Alday, Laura; Pascial, Estibaliz; MartÃnez de la Pera, ConcepciÃ³n
[EN] The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that cooperative learning strategies will help to increase nutrition knowledge of nurses and nursing assistants caring for the elderly in different institutional communities of the Basque Country, Spain. The target population was a sample of volunteers, 16 nurses and 28 nursing assistants. Training consisted of 12 nutrition education sessions using cooperative strategies conducted over a period of 3 consecutive weeks. The assessment ...
Baker, S L; Stoskopf, C H; Ciesla, J R; Glik, D C; Cover, C M
This article presents an assessment of whether race, education, gender, or other testing bias was present in a state-mandated nurse aide competency test. This assessment was carried out with data from two sources: (a) a statewide standardized test for all nurse aides that was given by a nationally known testing company, (b) an independent observational evaluation with a Behaviorally Anchored Rating Scale (BARS) for nurse aides' performance that was carried out by the investigators. The results show that race and education level were predictors of performance on written and manual portions of the standardized test. Gender, age, and years of experience were also shown to predict test success. Comparing data from the two sources suggests that a possible bias in the standardized nurse aid test. The independent observation of performance on the job with the BARS is shown to be less biased. PMID:9128536
Raquel Rapone Gaidzinski
Full Text Available Este estudo teve por objetivo desvelar a compreensão de um grupo de enfermeiras egressas da Escola de Enfermagem da USP, quanto disciplina Administração aplicada à Enfermagem ministrada no Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem da Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade de São Paulo. Para tanto buscou-se como trajetória metodológica a fenomenologia, tendo MARTINS;BICUDO como autores básicos e eixo principal da pesquisa. Guiadas por este referencial, realizou-se o estudo junto a oito enfermeiras, fazendo a descrição e a compreensão dos seus discursos e buscando trazer o significado que foi percebido do fenômeno estudado. Da análise fenomenológica dos relatos das enfermeiras emergiram possibilidades e limites do ensino da referida disciplina.The purpose of this study was to disclose the nurses comprehension about the Nursing Administration discipline taught in the Nursing graduation course of the Nursing School of São Paulo University. We have followed the phenomenology as the methodological way, and MARTINS; BICUDO were taken as the basic authors and main axis of the research. Being guided by this referencial, we have done this study together with eight nurses and we could do a description and comprehension speeches trying to bring out the meaning of what was understood about their phenomenon studied. From the phenomenological analysis of the nurses'reports appeared the possibilities an limits of the teaching of this discipline.
The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) was established in 1987 and charged with the mission of improving the quality of teaching and public education. The National Board certification system involves three critical elements: (1) standards setting; (2) assessment instruments; and (3) professional development. This Digestâ¦
Adebamowo Clement A; Ogbimi Roseline I
Abstract Background Smooth working relationships between nurses and doctors are necessary for efficient health care delivery. However, previous studies have shown that this is often absent with negative impact on the quality of health care delivery. In 2002, we studied factors that affect nurse-doctor working relationships in University Teaching Hospitals (UTH) in Southern Nigeria in order to characterize it and identify managerial and training needs that might be used to improve it. Method Q...
Michaela Miertová; Martina Lepieová
Introduction: The article is aimed to highlight usage of innovative teaching methods within simulation education in the professional training of nurses abroad and to present our experience based on passing intensive study programme at School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, University of Salford (United Kingdom, UK) within Intensive EU Lifelong Learning Programme (LPP) Erasmus EU RADAR 2013. Methods: Implementation of simulation methods such as role-play, case studies, simulation sce...
Full Text Available Introduction: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education requires that residency programs ensure resident competency in performing safe, effective handoffs. Understanding resident, attending, and nurse perceptions of the key elements of a safe and effective emergency department (ED handoff is a crucial step to developing feasible, acceptable educational interventions to teach and assess this fundamental competency. The aim of our study was to identify the essential themes of ED-based handoffs and to explore the key cultural and interprofessional themes that may be barriers to developing and implementing successful ED-based educational handoff interventions. Methods: Using a grounded theory approach and constructivist/interpretivist research paradigm, we analyzed data from three primary and one confirmatory focus groups (FGs at an urban, academic ED. FG protocols were developed using open-ended questions that sought to understand what participants felt were the crucial elements of ED handoffs. ED residents, attendings, a physician assistant, and nurses participated in the FGs. FGs were observed, hand-transcribed, audiorecorded and subsequently transcribed. We analyzed data using an iterative process of theme and subtheme identification. Saturation was reached during the third FG, and the fourth confirmatory group reinforced the identified themes. Two team members analyzed the transcripts separately and identified the same major themes. Results: ED providers identified that crucial elements of ED handoff include the following: 1 Culture (provider buy-in, openness to change, shared expectations of sign-out goals; 2 Time (brevity, interruptions, waiting; 3 Environment (physical location, ED factors; 4 Process (standardization, information order, tools. Conclusion: Key participants in the ED handoff process perceive that the crucial elements of intershift handoffs involve the themes of culture, time, environment, and process. Attention to these themes may improve the feasibility and acceptance of educational interventions that aim to teach and assess handoff competency.
M Al Momani
Full Text Available Background: Examining the quality of nursing care from the patient's perspective is an important element in quality evaluation. The extent to which patients' expectations are met will influence their perceptions and their satisfaction with the quality of care received.Methods: A cross- sectional survey was conducted among admitted patients at King Khalid Teaching Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected (from January 2011 to March 2011 from a convenience sample of 448 patients using a 42- items questionnaire assessing six dimensions of the nursing care provided to, during hospitalization.Results: On a four-point scale (4-higly agree,3-agree, 2-disagree, and 1-higly disagree. The individual items of nursing care showing the lowest means were the information received from the nurses about self-help (2.81, the information about the laboratory results (2.76 and the way the nurse shared the patient's feeling (2.72. A strong correlation existed between the overall perception level and the variables of gender (P=0.01, and the types of department (0.004.Conclusion: The findings of this study demonstrate negative experiences of patients with nursing care in dimensions of information, caring behavior, and nurse competency and technical care. Awareness of the importance of these dimensions of nursing care and ongoing support to investigate patients' perception periodically toward quality of nursing care are critical to success the philosophy of patient centered health care.
Williams, Susan G; Suzanne Bihan
Nursing faculty continue to find themselves challenged to meet student needs by the increasing student enrollment numbers and increasing faculty workloads without simultaneously increasing resources. The responsibility to meet student needs rests on the nursing faculty. It is therefore increasingly important that nursing faculty implement teaching modalities to meet student and patient needs. This article demonstrates facultys use of service-learning as an effective, innovative teaching moda...
de Araujo Sartorio, Natalia; Pavone Zoboli, Elma Lourdes Campos
Nursing is at the same time a vocation, a profession and a job. By nature, nursing is a moral endeavor, and being a 'good nurse' is an issue and an aspiration for professionals. The aim of our qualitative research project carried out with 18 nurse teachers at a university nursing school in Brazil was to identify the ethical image of nursing. In semistructured interviews the participants were asked to choose one of several pictures, to justify their choice and explain what they meant by an ethical nurse. Five different perspectives were revealed: good nurses fulfill their duties correctly; they are proactive patient advocates; they are prepared and available to welcome others as persons; they are talented, competent, and carry out professional duties excellently; and they combine authority with power sharing in patient care. The results point to a transition phase from a historical introjection of religious values of obedience and service to a new sense of a secular, proactive, scientific and professional identity. PMID:21097967
Adélia Yaeko Kiosen Nakatani
Full Text Available The way that teaching has been organized at the schools can represent na obstacle for the acquisition of theabilities to think, to reflect and to make decisions, influencing the coping with practical problems during the NursingProcess. The goal of the present study is to analyze the implementation of a proposal of teaching Nursing Processthrough the Problematical method, particularly through the Arch Method. This is an action-research project,developed at the Nursing School of the Federal University of Goiás, during 1998 and 1999. The subjects weresecond year students of Nursing, attending the course ?Methodology of Nursing Assistence?. To collect the data weuse activity and self-evaluation reports from students, field data and instruments of cognitive, affective andpsychomotor evaluation. The evaluation of the reports was done following the established guidelines for teaching ineach phase, and most of the scores obtained were medium to high (3 to 5, with the exception of the nursingassistance phase evaluation, with scores between 1 and 2. In the affective evaluation the majority of the studentsmentioned that the implementation of the nursing process phases, does not happen as the literature suggests, andmanifested the importance of the Nursing Process to improve the quality of assistance and the desire of use itduring the professional practical. The psychomotor evaluation was performed through physical lunge exam and theimplementation of technical procedures. More than 50% of the students had scores between 4 and 5 in the items ofinspection and auscultation, presenting difficulties to perform the abilities of palpation and percussion. The scoreobtained in the evaluation of procedures implementation ranged from 4 to 5. The cognitive evaluation of theNursing Process phases was realized through a write test with mean grades between 33,4 and 51,4, with amaximum of 100 points. The differences between written evaluation and reports may be due to the type of domainmeasured and/or the strategy of the evaluation. The guidelines made for teaching, the strategies for teaching andfor evaluation, the facilities and difficulties and perceptions pointed out by the research participants in relation to thethematic may be useful to trigger discussions about teaching the Nursing Process. Although we cannot extend theresults of these experiences to others groups, we expect this investigation to be a contribution for professionalsand professors that want to adopt the Problem-based Learning, triggering discussions about the pedagogic project.
Zethu, Nkosi; Padmini, Pillay; Kathleen M., Nokes.
Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Case-based education has a long history in the disciplines of education, business, law and the health professions. Research suggests that students who learn via a case-based method have advanced critical thinking skills and a greater ability for application of knowledge in practice. In m [...] edical education, case-based methodology is widely used to facilitate knowledge transfer from theoretical knowledge to application in patient care. Nursing education has also adopted case-based methodology to enhance learner outcomes and critical thinking. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study was to describe a decentralised nursing management education programme located in Durban, South Africa and describe the perceptions of nursing faculty facilitators regarding implementation of this teaching method. METHOD: Data was collected through the use of one-on-one interviews and also focus groups amongst the fifteen facilitators who were using a case-based curriculum to teach the programme content. The average facilitator was female, between 41 and 50 years of age, working part-time, educated with a baccalaureate degree, working as a professional nurse for between 11 and 20 years; slightly more than half had worked as a facilitator for three or more years. RESULTS: The facilitators identified themes related to the student learners, the learning environment, and strengths and challenges of using facilitation to teach the content through cases. Decentralised nursing management educational programmes can meet the needs of nurses who are located in remote areas which are characterised by poor transportation patterns and limited resources and have great need for quality healthcare services. CONCLUSION: Nursing faculty facilitators need knowledgeable and accessible contact with centrally based full-time nursing faculty in order to promote high quality educational programmes.
Full Text Available Background: Case-based education has a long history in the disciplines of education, business, law and the health professions. Research suggests that students who learn via a case-based method have advanced critical thinking skills and a greater ability for application of knowledge in practice. In medical education, case-based methodology is widely used to facilitate knowledge transfer from theoretical knowledge to application in patient care. Nursing education has also adopted case-based methodology to enhance learner outcomes and critical thinking.Objectives: The objectives of the study was to describe a decentralised nursing management education programme located in Durban, South Africa and describe the perceptions of nursing faculty facilitators regarding implementation of this teaching method.Method: Data was collected through the use of one-on-one interviews and also focus groups amongst the fifteen facilitators who were using a case-based curriculum to teach the programme content. The average facilitator was female, between 41 and 50 years of age, working part-time, educated with a baccalaureate degree, working as a professional nurse for between 11 and 20 years; slightly more than half had worked as a facilitator for three or more years.Results: The facilitators identified themes related to the student learners, the learning environment, and strengths and challenges of using facilitation to teach the content through cases. Decentralised nursing management educational programmes can meet the needs of nurses who are located in remote areas which are characterised by poor transportation patterns and limited resources and have great need for quality healthcare services.Conclusion: Nursing faculty facilitators need knowledgeable and accessible contact with centrally based full-time nursing faculty in order to promote high quality educational programmes.
Full Text Available Background: Case-based education has a long history in the disciplines of education, business, law and the health professions. Research suggests that students who learn via acase-based method have advanced critical thinking skills and a greater ability for application of knowledge in practice. In medical education, case-based methodology is widely used to facilitate knowledge transfer from theoretical knowledge to application in patient care. Nursing education has also adopted case-based methodology to enhance learner outcomes and critical thinking.Objectives: The objectives of the study was to describe a decentralised nursing management education programme located in Durban, South Africa and describe the perceptions of nursing faculty facilitators regarding implementation of this teaching method.Method: Data was collected through the use of one-on-one interviews and also focus groups amongst the fifteen facilitators who were using a case-based curriculum to teach the programme content. The average facilitator was female, between 41 and 50 years of age,working part-time, educated with a baccalaureate degree, working as a professional nurse for between 11 and 20 years; slightly more than half had worked as a facilitator for three or more years.Results: The facilitators identified themes related to the student learners, the learning environment, and strengths and challenges of using facilitation to teach the content through cases. Decentralised nursing management educational programmes can meet the needs of nurses who are located in remote areas which are characterised by poor transportation patterns and limited resources and have great need for quality healthcare services.Conclusion: Nursing faculty facilitators need knowledgeable and accessible contact with centrally based full-time nursing faculty in order to promote high quality educational programmes.
This short presentation will offer an introduction to Values Based Practice through the prism of the Admiral Nurse Standards. It is intended to demonstrate that an understanding of âvaluesâ is critical to the delivery of excellent nursing care. In addition, the presentation intends to illustrate that working with values is not a theoretical and âairyâ idea, but rather a key practical skill that can be mastered by nurses at various levels. The presentation seeks to engage participants i...
Valizadeh, Leila; Asadollahi, Malihe; Mostafa Gharebaghi, Manizheh; Gholami, Fatemeh
Introduction: Many studies support the positive short and long-term developmental care for premature infants. This study aimed to determine the congruence of nurses activity in four areas of developmental care in order to obtain basic information for authorities to provide a program to achieve related standards in the future. Methods: The study was performed on 70 nurses working in neonatal intensive care units in Tabriz, Iran. Nurses answered to a questionnaire retrieved f...
White, Cindy T
Traditional teaching methodologies may deter adult learning because of passive the exchange of knowledge. Teaching to the "evidence" substantiating best practice requires a systematic approach to transfer knowledge into clinical inquiry. A mock trial simulated role-play activity was selected to show the value of learning through active engagement. The nurse "defendant" was challenged to substantiate practice based on the evidence. Seminar participants (the jury) scrutinized testimony through deliberation before delivering the final verdict. PMID:26580469
Ku, Ya-Lie; Kao Lo, Chi-Hui; Wang, Jing-Jy; Lee Hsieh, Jane; Chen, Kuei-Min
Because of changes in the medical environment, nurses must maintain the ability of divergent thinking to solve the health problems of patients. However, many nurses whose work in clinical practice has become routine have lost the ability of creativity. To cultivate nurses creativity should be a goal of nursing education. The purpose of this study is to evaluate a nursing concepts teaching protocol by utilizing teaching strategies directed toward creativity to promote creativity in two-year RN-BSN students. This study design is a time series and one group experiment utilizing multiple instances of treatment. Teaching strategies for creativity were applied to a teaching unit and 52 two-year RN-BSN students were tested for creativity before the end of each semester. This study was conducted from March, 1999 to May, 2000, but only 30 students completed all tests and reached a 58% return rate. Torrance s (1974) definitions of creativity includ fluency, flexibility, and uniqueness were followed and the instrument, a questionnaire on Creativity in the application of the Nursing Process Tool (CNPT), was designed based on Emerson (1988). The content validity of Chinese-version CNPT was.79. The inter-coder reliability between two researchers was.84 following a coding guide that ten nursing education experts had established. The results indicated that 30 two-year RN-BSN students had improved fluency and flexibility. The improvements reached a significant level after the third semester. Only uniqueness declined. It is suggested that nursing faculty apply teaching strategies uniqueness more often in a teaching protocol of nursing concepts. By utilizing teaching strategies of creativity in a teaching protocol of nursing concepts, it is expected that two-year RN-BSN students can acquire characteristics of creativity for problem-solving skills in clinical settings. PMID:12119595
The shift of nurse education from the hospitals to higher education institutions has resulted in a large pool of students within the Universities requiring basic science instruction. Most of these students are female, often mature age, with limited science backgrounds. This paper discusses the type of science education demanded by the nursing profession, the view of science as a subject held by these students, and the key role played by constructivist thinking in dealing with both of these.
Valiee, Sina; Moridi, Glorokh; Khaledi, Shahnaz; Garibi, Fardin
An important factor contributing to the quality of clinical education is instructors' teaching performance. The aim of this study was to identify clinical instructors' most effective teaching strategies from nursing and midwifery students' perspectives. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. All third- and fourth-year bachelor's nursing and midwifery students studying at the Nursing and Midwifery Faculty of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences were recruited to the study by using the census method. The study instrument consisted of a demographic questionnaire and the self-report 30-item Clinical Instructors' Effective Teaching Strategies Inventory. The SPSS v.16.0 was used for data analysis. The most effective teaching strategies of clinical instructors from nursing and midwifery students' perspectives were respectively 'treating students, clients, and colleagues with respect' and 'being eager for guiding students and manage their problems'. Clinical instructors need to be eager for education and also be able to establish effective communication with students. Empowering clinical instructors in specialized and technical aspects of clinical education seems necessary. PMID:26489603
Martínez Riera, José Ramón; Cibanal Juan, Luis; Pérez Mora, María Jesús
To assess role-playing as a methodology in the teaching-learning process for the Nursing Degree. To identify the attitude of nursing students towards role-playing. To analyze the response of students to their teaching-learning process after role-playing. Relationship is one of the main functions of nursing care in all fields, as it contributes to developing and coping with the various stimuli of life through therapeutic communication, which helps nurses know their role and how to behave accor...
Engaging nursing students in the classroom environment positively influences their ability to learn and apply course content to clinical practice. Students are motivated to engage in learning if their learning preferences are being met. The methods nurse educators have used with previous students in the classroom may not address the educational needs of Millennials. This manuscript presents the findings of a pilot study that used the Critical Incident Technique. The purpose of this study was to gain insight into the teaching methods that help the Millennial generation of nursing students feel engaged in the learning process. Students' perceptions of effective instructional approaches are presented in three themes. Implications for nurse educators are discussed. PMID:24429374
Narges Toghian Chaharsoughi
Full Text Available Introduction: Ineffective communication is a main factor in engender of unwanted hospital errors and impede suitable patient care. SBAR technique (Situation-Background- Assessment- Recommendation is a standard tool for building communication among healthcare professionals. While educating the SBAR technique requires appropriate educational methods, but this issue has been less investigated. So, the aim of present study was to compare the effect of educating the SBAR technique with role play and lecturing on communication skills of nurses in transferring patients to next shift. Methods: This quasi-experimental study conducted by participating 78 nurses who assigned to role play and lecturing groups randomly. SBAR technique was educated to each group separately. At the end of the learning session in each group, the skills of the participants in performing SBAR technique were investigated by the standard SBAR scale. Data analysis was performed by using SPSS statistical software version 11.5. Results: Comparison the total score of performing SBAR technique using independent samples t-test showed statistical differences between mean score of role play and lecturing groups. Similarly, comparison the scores of skill in performing each four parts of SBAR technique showed statistical differences between two groups.Conclusion: Role play is an effective educational method in teaching SBAR technique for nurses and it can be used as a tool for build effective communication between healthcare professionals.
Pohlman, Katherine; Schwab, Nadine
This article is a reprint of the National Association of School Nurses' "Issue Brief" on Privacy Standards for Student Health Records. It distinguishes between the Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) and the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HI-PAA), clarifies which of these laws governs the privacy of student health
Henderson, S. Lee
Most nursing assistant programs place emphasis primarily on the cognitive and psychomotor aspects of the student's education. The school must focus on career exploration to meet fully its responsibility for helping students prepare for work. (JOW)
McInnis-Perry, Gloria; Greene, Ann; Mina, Elaine Santa
Standards of practice (SOPs) comprise competency statements, which are grounded in current knowledge and research, and provide foundations for performance that support professional accountability. The nursing profession, and specifically the psychiatric-mental health specialty of nursing practice in Canada, develops and revises practice standards regularly. The current article describes the collaborative, evidence-informed journey of the Canadian Federation of Mental Health Nurses during its fourth revision of the Canadian Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing SOPs. An intraprofessional team of psychiatric-mental health nurses from the clinical, academic, research, and policy areas developed and nurtured collaborative processes that emphasize collegial and authentic relationships. Effective communication and a respectful learning environment supported the process for all members of the team. The current article provides recommendations for other professional organizations considering developing and/or revising SOPs. PMID:26325171
Chan, L S; O'Connor, F D; McAdam, K; Wasson, L
In 1988, the Los Angeles County University of Southern California Medical Center (LAC USC) surveyed 1,102 RNs (75% of its total RN population) to determine factors critical to nursing retention. The Nursing Retention Survey required participants to rank 46 retention factors related to compensation benefits, work environment, amount and type of work, work relationships, availability of support services, management practices, and opportunities for professional growth. This article reports survey responses for the ten most significant and ten least significant retention factors. Survey findings, which guided LAC USC in designing nursing retention strategies, show that RNs who stated that they would leave their jobs were consistently less satisfied with all the top-ranking important elements than those who would stay. PMID:2124343
Sarmasoglu, Senay; DinÃ§, Leyla; ElÃ§in, Melih
The present study used a quasi-experimental design to examine the effects of using standardized patients for the psychomotor skills development of nursing students. The performance of the experimental group in blood pressure measurement was significantly higher than that of the control group; however, there was no significant difference between the groups with regard to their administration of subcutaneous injections. The results indicated that standardized patients can be integrated into nursing education for developing psychomotor skills of students. PMID:26102639
Full Text Available Discussion on the teaching mode of higher vocational nursing specialty based on CDIO model is the core of this study. CDIO is the latest achievement in the reform of the international higher education of engineering and has been thrived since 2000. There are some inevitable problems when domestic universities introduced and innovated the CDIO mode. Therefore the CDIO model is a bold attempt for the institutions of higher education, especially higher vocational college teachers. The CDIO mode drives teachers to reflect on the existed teaching philosophy, and therefore enables them to change teaching methods in the teaching process and improve their teaching capacity tremendously. Meanwhile, it also encourages students to learn automatically and cultivate their comprehensive abilities such as professional capability, development capability, interpersonal skills, innovation ability, etc.
Fuller, Bonnie L.
As the U.S. population quickly moves toward linguistic diversity, it is essential that sufficient numbers of linguistically diverse nurses be available to provide care, and nurse educators play a significant role in the preparation of these nurses. Little information was found in the literature about factors that influence the practices of the
Clark, Carolyn Chambers
In the face of increasing enrollment and competition for group clinical experiences, the author examines and makes suggestions for the following issues: What group theory and skills are important for all nurses? How can large numbers of students be taught group skills effectively? How can a clinical experience in group dynamics be developed? and
McDonald, Lorri J; Walters, Kate
A virtual course for the nurse educator master's program was developed and delivered collaboratively between two professors, one from the College of Health Professions (CHP) and the other from the College of Liberal Arts and Education (CLAE). The collaborative effort provided a venue for both professors to complement each other's strengths, affording students the benefit of constructivist pedagogy using content appropriate for a nurse educator program. Student discussion board communication indicated the anticipated conceptual change as a result of teaching using constructivist methodology. Qualitative data were collected and will be used to improve the course as well as develop the follow-up course. PMID:19999941
Edoly Shirley Lengu; Rodwell Gundo; Alfred Maluwa; Noel Mbirimtengerenji
The aim of this study was to describe the quality of practice offered by nurses to patients who underwent surgical incision into the abdomen (post-laparotomy) at tertiary hospitals (Kamuzu, Mzuzu, Queen Elizabeth and Zomba) in Malawi. The study design was descriptively cross sectional and utilized a quantitative data collection and analysis method. All available 48 registered nurses in the surgical ward of four central hospitals and 100 patients that were admitted in the ward during the time...
Aase, Ingunn; Aase, Karina; Dieckmann, Peter
The notions of interprofessional education and interprofessional teamwork have attained widespread acceptance, partly because lack of teamwork has been tentatively linked to adverse incidents in healthcare. By analyzing data from 32 educational institutions, this study identifies the status of interprofessional teamwork in all nursing and medical education in Norway. The study programs issued by the 32 educational institutions were subject to content analysis, distilling the ambitions and goals ...
Full Text Available Introduction: The article is aimed to highlight usage of innovative teaching methods within simulation education in the professional training of nurses abroad and to present our experience based on passing intensive study programme at School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, University of Salford (United Kingdom, UK within Intensive EU Lifelong Learning Programme (LPP Erasmus EU RADAR 2013. Methods: Implementation of simulation methods such as role-play, case studies, simulation scenarios, practical workshops and clinical skills workstation within structured ABCDE approach (AIM© Assessment and Management Tool was aimed to promote the development of theoretical knowledge and skills to recognize and manage acutely deteriorated patients. Structured SBAR approach (Acute SBAR Communication Tool was used for the training of communication and information sharing among the members of multidisciplinary health care team. OSCE approach (Objective Structured Clinical Examination was used for students individual formative assessment. Results: Simulation education is proved to have lots of benefits in the professional training of nurses. It is held in safe, controlled and realistic conditions (in simulation laboratories reflecting real hospital and community care environment with no risk of harming real patients accompanied by debriefing, discussion and analysis of all activities students have performed within simulated scenario. Such learning environment is supportive, challenging, constructive, motivated, engaging, skilled, flexible, inspiring and respectful. Thus the simulation education is effective, interactive, interesting, efficient and modern way of nursing education. Conclusion: Critical thinking and clinical competences of nurses are crucial for early recognition and appropriate response to acute deterioration of patients condition. These competences are important to ensure the provision of high quality nursing care. Methods of simulation education used within professional training of next generation of nurses can help them to get used to the recognition and management of this group of patients by the means of simulated cases to be able to implement the approaches trained within real clinical nursing practice.
Villora, Rosalie Crisostomo
Background: The United States Census Bureau stated that there were 76.1 million children aged birth to 17 years in the United States, and 13.9% of these children are estimated to have special health care needs. In California, 9.9% of children have special health care needs. This background information leads to question the pediatric nurse
Martsolf, D S; Dieckman, B C; Cartechine, K A; Starr, P J; Wolf, L E; Anaya, E R
Institutions of higher education can lose sight of the importance of teaching. Teaching, in some settings, needs to be restored to its place of primacy in the faculty role and its quality needs to be evaluated. The American Association for Higher Education (AAHE) national project, "From Idea to Prototype: The Peer Review of Teaching," is an attempt to accomplish that purpose. Involvement in the AAHE national peer review project has been the impetus for the Kent State University College of Nursing to initiate a faculty-developed program of peer review. The program has been well received primarily because it was owned and controlled by the faculty. Its voluntary nature, administrative sanction, and strong support have contributed to its success. Faculty explored many possible methods to accomplish peer review. However, the use of a task force, classroom and clinical observations, and teaching circles have been the approaches best suited to this particular departmental culture. PMID:10528741
Cecagno, Diana; Soares, Deisi Cardoso; de Siqueira, Heidi Crecencia Heckler; Cecagno, Suzana
This article has as objective to present an innovative idea of learning in nursing: learning incubator, a new way to teach and to learn. This advanced strategy of learning tries to integrate the education to the technological innovation. It can be the starting point for a new way of "learn to learn" in nursing. This modality, used in other knowledge areas allows: to understand the reality in which the professional is inserted, to improve competences, abilities, to acquire new knowledge, to enlarge creativity and consequently to sharpen the enterprising spirit, motivating the creation of professional opportunities. The learning incubator qualifies multipliers of ideas and activities/services, it forms an alliance learning with the technologies capable to make the difference in the professional path, while it exercises nursing enterprising. PMID:17469492
Cintra, Silvia Maira Pereira; da Silva, ConceiÃ§Ã£o Vieira; Ribeiro, CircÃ©ia AmÃ¡lia
This study is a descriptive and quantitative research that aims to characterize the toy/therapeutic toy teaching and analyze the facilities and difficulties of its development in the graduation courses in nursing in Sao Paulo State. The data was collected in 40 institutions, where there were 76 participant professors. The results showed that the theme is approached in the programmatic content of Pediatric Nursing in most of these institutions, in the third, more effectively in the last ten years, both in the theoretical and practical teaching. The theoretical load time had a variation of one to 20 hours, using expositive and participative class and the written test prevailed in the theoretical evaluation strategies and in the practical, the students observation. Some difficulties and facilities mentioned refer to valorization and to infra structure favorable to these resources. PMID:17340724
J.C de Villiers
Full Text Available In South Africa the main focus is on primary health care. This affects the education and training of nurses, and training schools must respond by developing appropriate teaching modules. A school of nursing developed, implemented and revised a problem- and community- based learning module over a period of three years (1996-1998. This student-centered module focuses on students needs, active participation, collaboration, accountability, self-assessment, self-study, life-long learning and appropriate skills. In the formal clinical teaching environment PBL was the main approach. However, this approach was also supported by a variety of strategies, for example group discussions and scenarios. The knowledge, attitudes and professional development skills acquired in the PBL approach were then applied informally in the community setting (CBE. The purpose of the study was to evaluate a first year clinical teaching module as part of an extensive programme. A quantitative research method, a descriptive design, and a variety of data collection techniques were used. Conclusions were that clinical teaching was effective within the problem- (PBL and community-based (CBE approaches; 78% of respondents were positive about the clinical learning environment; 61 % stated that expectations were met; 81% preferred group activities, and 67% indicated that they had developed professional skills. Facilitators agreed that clinical teaching met the requirements of PBL & CBE. The pass rate also improved.
Fiedler, Ruth; Degenhardt, Marguerite; Engstrom, Janet L
Lack of preparation for the faculty role, particularly for teaching, has long been an area of concern in graduate nursing education. This article describes a systematic approach to preparing students in a doctor of philosophy (PhD) program for their future roles as nurse educators. All PhD students at Rush University are required to take a nursing education course that contains four modules: the teacher, learner, and learning environment; the basics of curriculum and course design; evaluation of the learner, course, program, and institution; and the new faculty member. Students also complete a practicum in the course. Students are interviewed before the course begins and complete a self-assessment of their teaching experiences. Based on their learning needs, students are enrolled in the course for variable credit. The course has received excellent evaluations since its inception. The success of this course demonstrates that an education course can be an essential component of the nursing PhD curriculum. PMID:26194961
Awodele, O.; Adeyomoye, A. A. A.; Awodele, D. F.; Kwashi, V.; Awodele, I. O.; Dolapo, D. C.
Cancer of the cervix is the commonest genital tract malignancy in the female, and it has been ranked second to breast cancer. It has positive association with infection of human papillomavirus. Cervical cancer incidence and mortality have declined substantially in western countries following the introduction of screening programmes. This present study investigated the knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses in Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH) towards cervical cancer screening as t...
Burgoyne Louise; Shanks Andrew; Gaffney Robert; Walshe Nuala; Ryan C Anthony; Wiskin Connie M
Abstract Background A number of recent developments in medical and nursing education have highlighted the importance of communication and consultation skills (CCS). Although such skills are taught in all medical and nursing undergraduate curriculums, there is no comprehensive screening or assessment programme of CCS using professionally trained Standardized Patients Educators (SPE's) in Ireland. This study was designed to test the content, process and acceptability of a screening programme in...
Javad Malekzadeh; Seyed Reza Mazluom; Toktam Etezadi; Alireza Tasseri
Introduction: For maintaining the continuity of care and improving the quality of care, effective inter-shift information communication is necessary. Any handover error can endanger patient safety. Despite the importance of shift handover, there is no standard handover protocol in our healthcare settings. Methods In this one-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental study conducted in spring and summer of 2011, we recruited a convenience sample of 56 ICU nurses. The Nurses Safe Practice Eval...
Aase, Ingunn; Aase, Karina
The notions of interprofessional education and interprofessional teamwork have attained widespread acceptance, partly because lack of teamwork has been tentatively linked to adverse incidents in healthcare. By analyzing data from 32 educational institutions, this study identifies the status of interprofessional teamwork in all nursing and medical education in Norway. The study programs issued by the 32 educational institutions were subject to content analysis, distilling the ambitions and goals for teaching interprofessional teamwork. Study program coordinators were approached and asked to what degree interprofessional teamwork was actually introduced in lecturing and clinical training. Results indicate that the medical and nursing schools clearly aspire to teach interprofessional teamwork and that this has largely been achieved when it comes to theoretical teaching. Although three of the four medical programs have integrated interprofessional teamwork into their clinical training, there is a gap in the nursing programs where introduction of interprofessional teamwork in clinical training has been limited. Current challenges are related to organizational issues (e.g. lack of institutional collaboration), practical difficulties (e.g. finding time to bring students of various professions together) and possibly managerial issues (e.g. lack of strategic perspective and change management).
Hurst, Heather M; Marks-Maran, Diane
The Faculty of Health and Social Care Sciences at Kingston University/St George's University of London (KU/SGUL) provides a module to train registered nurses to qualify as independent nurse prescribers. During the programme the participants engage in an online learning activity using a virtual patient (VP). The aim of this VP activity is to enable students to consolidate their learning and to practice the range of skills that the students have been developing related to prescribing. The activity was designed by the module leader and was run as a pilot on two groups of students (n = 34). An evaluative study was undertaken on the value of this blended learning activity to the student and their prescribing practice. This paper presents the development, implementation and evaluation of the VP activity. Findings showed that the VP activity was perceived as being particular useful for helping them to learn the skills of patient history/assessment, decision-making and prescription writing. The VP was also perceived as being helpful in developing their confidence. PMID:20869319
Chiou, Shwu-Fen; Su, Hsiu-Chuan; Liu, Kuei-Fen; Hwang, Hei-Fen
The traditional "teacher-centered" instruction model is still currently pervasive in nursing education. However, this model does not stimulate the critical thinking or foster the self-learning competence of students. In recent years, the rapid development of information technology and the changes in educational philosophy have encouraged the development of the "flipped classroom" concept. This concept completely subverts the traditional instruction model by allowing students to access and use related learning activities prior to class on their smartphones or tablet computers. Implementation of this concept has been demonstrated to facilitate greater classroom interaction between teachers and students, to stimulate student thinking, to guide problem solving, and to encourage cooperative learning and knowledge utilization in order to achieve the ideal of student-centered education. This student-centered model of instruction coincides with the philosophy of nursing education and may foster the professional competence of nursing students. The flipped classroom is already an international trend, and certain domestic education sectors have adopted and applied this concept as well. However, this concept has only just begun to make its mark on nursing education. This article describes the concept of the flipped classroom, the implementation myth, the current experience with implementing this concept in international healthcare education, and the challenging issues. We hope to provide a reference for future nursing education administrators who are responsible to implement flipped classroom teaching strategies in Taiwan. PMID:26073950
Raftopoulos Vasilios; Papastavrou Evridiki; Efstathiou Georgios; Merkouris Anastasios
Abstract Background Nurses may acquire an infection during the provision of nursing care because of occupational exposure to microorganisms. Relevant literature reports that, compliance with Standard Precautions (a set of guidelines that can protect health care professionals from being exposed to microorganisms) is low among nurses. Additionally, high rates of exposure to microorganisms among nurses via several modes (needlesticks, hand contamination with blood, exposure to air-transmitted mi...
Cárdenas Ramos Rosalba; Hernández Gaviria Fanny
Heimar de Fatima, Marin; Heloisa Helena Ciqueto, Peres; Grace Terezinha Marcon, Dal Sasso.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar se a estrutura categorial da Norma ISO 18104 é adequada para apoiar a documentação eletrônica de diagnósticos e ações de enfermagem e auxiliar na formação de expressões diagnósticas e ações de enfermagem. MÉTODOS: Desenho transversal com dois casos de uso nos registros eletrônico [...] s de dois hospitais universitários que utilizam diferentes terminologias de Enfermagem. RESULTADO: O caso de uso A forneceu 40 expressões diagnósticas e 97 intervenções. Todos os registros para diagnósticos de enfermagem continham foco, julgamento ou achado clínico. As intervenções foram registradas usando verbo de ação e alvo. Os demais qualificadores foram pouco empregados. O caso de uso B forneceu dois diagnósticos e 371 expressões para ações de enfermagem. Os diagnósticos possuíam foco e julgamento. Todas as intervenções, exceto uma, foram documentadas usando verbos de ação e alvo. CONCLUSÃO: A Norma ISO18104 mostrou-se adequada para apoiar a documentação de expressões diagnósticas e de ação de enfermagem. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To verify whether categorical structure of the ISO 18104 standard is adequate to support electronic documentation of nursing actions and nursing diagnoses and to facilitate the development of nursing diagnoses and nursing actions expressions. METHODS: A cross-sectional design with two use [...] cases in electronic records from two teaching hospitals that employ different nursing terminologies. RESULT: Case A included 40 diagnostic expressions and 97 interventions. All records for nursing diagnoses included focus, judgment, or clinical finding. All interventions were recorded using action verbs and targets. Few other qualifiers were used. Case B provided two diagnoses and 371 expressions for nursing actions. Diagnoses included focus and judgment. All interventions, except one, were documented using action verbs and targets. CONCLUSION: ISO 18104 was adequate to support documentation of nursing actions and diagnoses expressions.
Full Text Available Introduction: In a four-year undergraduate level , the nursing students have to get prepared in the patients education, designing care plans, applying nursing processes and exercise the clinical decisions, in addition to learning practical skills. Therefore, multiple clinical teaching strategies in nursing must be applied. In this study the sheets for the mentioned fields were designed and used. Methods: In this action research in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, 64 nursing senior students and related instructors participated. Clinical written assignment included the patients health condition sheet, tables showing the used medicines and the precautions, the clinical and paraclinical tests and the results, identifying the patient problems, designing and implementing care plan and writing nursing reports with SOAPIE method. The instructors viewpoints were achieved through the group discussions and their notes taken. The perceived competency of the students was obtained through a questionnaire. The qualitative data was analyzed by the content analysis and quantitative using SPSS. Results: Both the students and the instructors agreed with the clinical written assignment. The desired care competency of the students before and after assignment was statistically significant (p<0.05. According to the instructors, intervention was useful for the senior students who have passed the courses needed for completing and using the different parts of these forms. Conclusion: Since a need is always felt in the trends of the nursing clinical teaching, the researchers recommend the clinical written assignment and their application along with other strategies for senior nursing students in clinical teaching.
Strickland, Karen; Gray, Colin; Hill, Gordon
An understanding of research is important to enable nurses to provide evidence-based care. However, undergraduate nursing students often find research a challenging subject. The purpose of this paper is to present an evaluation of the introduction of podcasts in an undergraduate research module to enhance research-teaching linkages between the theoretical content and research in practice and improve the level of student support offered in a blended learning environment. Two cohorts of students (n=228 and n=233) were given access to a series of 5 "guest speaker" podcasts made up of presentations and interviews with research experts within Edinburgh Napier. These staff would not normally have contact with students on this module, but through the podcasts were able to share their research expertise and methods with our learners. The main positive results of the podcasts suggest the increased understanding achieved by students due to the multi-modal delivery approach, a more personal student/tutor relationship leading to greater engagement, and the effective use of materials for revision and consolidation purposes. Negative effects of the podcasts centred around problems with the technology, most often difficulty in downloading and accessing the material. This paper contributes to the emerging knowledge base of podcasting in nurse education by demonstrating how podcasts can be used to enhance research-teaching linkages and raises the question of why students do not exploit the opportunities for mobile learning. PMID:22321687
Full Text Available Background: Emotion and how people manage it is an important part of personality that would immensely affect their health. Investigations showed that emotional intelligence is significantly related to and can predict psychological health.Objective: To determine the effect of teaching emotional intelligence to intensive care unit nurses on their general health.Methods: This randomized clinical trial (registered as IRCT201208022812N9 was conducted on 52 of 200 in intensive care unit nurses affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. They were recruited through purposeful convenience sampling and then randomly categorized into two groups. The intervention group members were trained in emotional intelligence. Bar-on emotional intelligence and Goldberg's general health questionnaires were administered to each participant before, immediately after, and one month after the intervention.Results: While the mean score of general health for the intervention group decreased from 25.4 before the intervention, to 18.1 immediately after the intervention and to 14.6 one month later, for the control group, it increased from 22.0, to 24.2 and to 26.5, respectively (pConclusion: Teaching emotional intelligence improved the general health of intensive care unit nurses.
De Monterrosa, E
The article seeks to demonstrate the importance of research in nursing by drawing attention to the resources available to the teacher, such as links to health services, the area of academic performance, the collaboration of students, financing, and others in the teaching-care framework. The new orientation of the curriculum of the Nursing School of the National University of Colombia (Bogotá) places more emphasis on aspects of care-cure and prevention, and seeks through learning experiences to foster changes in the attitudes of students. This shift in the curriculum generated the need for a study among the students in the school to detect attitudes toward the aspects of care-cure and prevention, and, consequently, a questionnaire was designed to elicit attitudes that tend to determine positive and negative affect toward these aspects. The results show that 73.97% of nursing students are satisfied with the career they have chosen and have positive attitudes toward the aspects of care-cure and prevention. Nevertheless, there are some differences in relation to prevention, and it was found that third-year students have more positive attitudes than students at other levels. The results of the study are being used in an attempt to better adjust the curriculum to these circumstances and thus produce nursing personnel who are more in keeping with the country's health needs. PMID:6667654
Mathibe, Lehlohonolo J
Recent studies encourage educators in nursing to use innovative and non-traditional teaching methods, such as using popular movies, posters, portfolios and surfing the internet, to stimulate students' interest, participation and interaction to enhance academic performance as well as knowledge retention. In this, descriptive cross-sectional study, we used self-administered questionnaires with statements graded on 5-points Likert scale (quantitative measures) and open-ended questions (qualitative measures), to assess the feasibility and students' perceptions regarding the use of Lance Armstrong's autobiography of surviving against cancer as a teaching tool. At the beginning of the lecture copies of selected chapters from: "It's Not About the Bike; My Journey Back to Life" [Armstrong, L., Jenkins, S. 2001. It's Not About The Bike: My Journey Back To Life. Yellow Jersey Press, Random House (Pty) Limited, Great Britain], were given to students. Willing students were requested to read for the whole class while the lecturer interjected periodically to explain and expound on certain pharmacological concepts. Eighty percent (80%) of participants felt that the use of an autobiography stimulated their interesting in cancer drugs and 84% agreed/strongly agreed that it contributed to their knowledge of pharmacology. Using Lance Armstrong's autobiography of survival to teach cytotoxic drugs is a worthwhile and rewarding exercise from the student nurses' perspective. PMID:16831492
RÃ¸nsen, Astrid; Hanssen, Ingrid
In this article is presented a post-graduate program in palliative care nursing focusing communication. The teaching plan was inspired by action learning, and the students' discovery processes necessitated a variety of teaching methods. The program was based on a holistic view of the human being and of inter-human communication. Neuro-motoric stimulation exercises were used to improve the students' focus of attention, sensory reception, and awareness of their corporeal and intellectual selves. Stimulation of relational skills, the discussion of ethical and difficult questions, and narratives helped students discover relationships between theoretical knowledge and palliative practice, and were used to explain and illustrate topics, and as backgrounds for discussions. During the program the students examined, challenged, and continuously reflected upon their explicit and unconscious praxis theories and their communicative habits. Although very different from educational programs they previously had experienced, this teaching/learning plan and the outcome thereof was positively evaluated. At the end of the year the students found themselves to be more knowledgeable, discerning and self-confident nurses. Even so, some found that they needed more time to digest what they had learned and for new knowledge and philosophies to become internalised. PMID:19447530
Full Text Available Abstract Background A number of recent developments in medical and nursing education have highlighted the importance of communication and consultation skills (CCS. Although such skills are taught in all medical and nursing undergraduate curriculums, there is no comprehensive screening or assessment programme of CCS using professionally trained Standardized Patients Educators (SPE's in Ireland. This study was designed to test the content, process and acceptability of a screening programme in CCS with Irish medical and nursing students using trained SPE's and a previously validated global rating scale for CCS. Methods Eight tutors from the Schools of Nursing and Medicine at University College Cork were trained in the use of a validated communication skills and attitudes holistic assessment tool. A total of forty six medical students (Year 2 of 5 and sixty four nursing students (Year 2/3 of 4 were selected to under go individual CCS assessment by the tutors via an SPE led scenario. Immediate formative feedback was provided by the SPE's for the students. Students who did not pass the assessment were referred for remediation CCS learning. Results Almost three quarters of medical students (33/46; 72% and 81% of nursing students (56/64 passed the CCS assessment in both communication and attitudes categories. All nursing students had English as their first language. Nine of thirteen medical students referred for enhanced learning in CCS did not have English as their first language. Conclusions A significant proportion of both medical and nursing students required referral for enhanced training in CCS. Medical students requiring enhanced training were more likely not to have English as a first language.
Ryan, C Anthony
Abstract Background A number of recent developments in medical and nursing education have highlighted the importance of communication and consultation skills (CCS). Although such skills are taught in all medical and nursing undergraduate curriculums, there is no comprehensive screening or assessment programme of CCS using professionally trained Standardized Patients Educators (SPE\\'s) in Ireland. This study was designed to test the content, process and acceptability of a screening programme in CCS with Irish medical and nursing students using trained SPE\\'s and a previously validated global rating scale for CCS. Methods Eight tutors from the Schools of Nursing and Medicine at University College Cork were trained in the use of a validated communication skills and attitudes holistic assessment tool. A total of forty six medical students (Year 2 of 5) and sixty four nursing students (Year 2\\/3 of 4) were selected to under go individual CCS assessment by the tutors via an SPE led scenario. Immediate formative feedback was provided by the SPE\\'s for the students. Students who did not pass the assessment were referred for remediation CCS learning. Results Almost three quarters of medical students (33\\/46; 72%) and 81% of nursing students (56\\/64) passed the CCS assessment in both communication and attitudes categories. All nursing students had English as their first language. Nine of thirteen medical students referred for enhanced learning in CCS did not have English as their first language. Conclusions A significant proportion of both medical and nursing students required referral for enhanced training in CCS. Medical students requiring enhanced training were more likely not to have English as a first language.
Sara Moghaddam; Saied Khameneh; Vahid Zamanzadeh; Hadi Hassankhani; Alireza Mohajjel-Aghdam
Introduction: Nursing profession requires knowledge of ethics to guide performance. The nature of this profession necessitates ethical care more than routine care. Today, worldwide definition of professional ethic code has been done based on human and ethical issues in the communication between nurse and patient. To improve all dimensions of nursing, we need to respect ethic codes. The aim of this study is to assess knowledge and performance about nursing ethic codes from nurses' and patients...
Full Text Available An effective workforce performing within the context of a positive cultural environment is central to a healthcare organizations ability to achieve quality outcomes. The Nursing Culture Assessment Tool (NCAT provides nurses with a valid and reliable tool that captures the general aspects of nursing culture. This study extends earlier work confirming the tools construct validity and dimensionality by standardizing the scoring approach and establishing norm-referenced scoring. Scoring standardization provides a reliable point of comparison for NCAT users. NCAT assessments support nursings ability to evaluate nursing culture, use results to shape the culture into one that supports change, and advance nursings best practices and care outcomes. Registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and certified nursing assistants from 54 long-term care facilities in Kentucky, Nevada, North Carolina, and Oregon were surveyed. Confirmatory factor analysis yielded six first order factors forming the NCATs subscales (Expectations, Behaviors, Teamwork, Communication, Satisfaction, Commitment (Comparative Fit Index 0.93 and a second order factorThe Total Culture Score. Aggregated facility level comparisons of observed group variance with expected random variance using rwg(J statistics is presented. Normative scores and cumulative rank percentages and how the NCAT can be used in implementing planned change are provided.
Full Text Available Introduction: Job stress is one of the main factors in decreasing productivity in organizations and the leading cause of psychosomatic disorders in personnel. Since job stress of nurses working in Intensive Care Units (ICUs is considered as an important segment in health and medical systems, it significantly affects the quality of care and the nurseâs quality of life. To this end, the purpose of this research is to examine the effects of teaching stress management skills on the quality of life of the nurses working at ICU of the hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Methods: The subjects of the study consisted of 60 ICU nurses with the average stress score in Osipow job stress exam working at the hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. The subjects were randomly assigned to two groups (30 in the case and 30 in the control group. The intervention was performed as a teaching stress management workshop for eight hours throughout two-days (four hours per day, and the nurses were followed up for two months. The data were collected through a two part questionnaire including demographic characteristics and WHO Quality of life BREF and were analyzed in SPSS software using paired t test, and t-test. Results: The findings showed that the nurses of both the case and control groups were homogeneous considering the demographic data such as age, sex, marital status, number of children, shift position, job satisfaction, number of working hours per week, work experience and the amount of income. Moreover, there was no significant difference between the mean score of the life quality before the intervention in both groups. But after the intervention, a significant increase was revealed in the mean score of the life quality of the case group as compared to that of the control group (P<0.0001. Conclusion: The findings revealed the efficacy of the stress management workshop in improving the life quality of ICU nurses. During one and two months after the intervention, the mean score of the quality of life had a significance increase compared to the stage before the intervention
Araujo, Vivian Elizabeth; Witt, Regina Rigatto
This article consists of a report on the experience of creating a new health educational technology against smoking invented by an academic of the Nursing School Graduation Course. The construction involved a problem solving methodology, with the participation of teachers, students, smokers and the community, in a constant process of teaching and learning, based on numberless interactions with the creative and critic responses obtained. It became clear that this technology is a powerful tool in the combat of smoking and that it can be adapted to different issues. PMID:16894880
Roberta Kaliny de Souza Costa
Full Text Available The model of attention to health in Single Health System (Sistema Ãnico de SaÃºde â SUS presupposes a human-resources policy which prepares professionals of health to guide the services and sanitary practices. The nurse, a member of health staff, takes over an important role in implementation of principles and standards of SUS, being its professional formation necessary to labor organization in this purpose. In this way this study objectifies to analyse the process of formation of the male nurse in the Politic-Pedagogical Project (Projeto PolÃtico-PedagÃ³gico â PPP in the perception of learning and teaching of the Faculty of nursing â FAEN of the University of The Rio Grande do Norte State â UERN. It treats about a descriptive-exploratory study with qualitative and quantitative approach carried out with learning and teaching of the graduation nursing course. In the field research carried out between the months of november, 2006 and february, 2007, were used like instruments the documental research below PPPÂ´s, structured interview directed to the learning and the closed questionnaire applied to the students of eighth and ninth semesters of graduation course. The results of data about the questionnaires elaborated according to National Curricular Patters (Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais â DCN and the Instrument of Evaluation Course of Graduation â MEC were organized according to six lists about the profile of the learning and teaching that participate of the research; of the didactical-pedagogical organization and PPPÂ´s objectives to the just-graduates person to the didactical-pedagogical curriculum organization. For considering the interviews it was adopted thematic analysis of content discribed in lexical analysis by informatical program ALCESTE which provided the organization of the material in five categories: daily problems of SUS consolidation versus nurse formation, dichotomies about FAENÂ´s nursing course of curriculum versus principles of integralization of graduating process, the just-graduated one from FAEN and its professional insertion united to SUS politic-pedagogical project and the concern about the overcoming of dichotomies of graduation process abilities and necessary competences to the SUS performing nurse. The analysis of informations deriving from documental performance and field research resulted on the verification that, in spite of good intentions, the implementation strategies showed themselves fragile to cope with the rendering of expressed ideal on PPP. There is still a great gap between whatÂ´s thought as innovating graduating process and whatÂ´s being really implemented.
Monkerud,Lars Christian; Ytterhus, Bjarne
Purpose â The aim of this paper is to explore the driving forces and cost/benefit effects of introducing environmental management systems (EMS) and standards in education and nursing in five of the largest Norwegian cities. The relevant standard is the Eco-Lighthouse program which offers a Norwegian environmental certificate. Design/methodology/approach â Multivariate analyses of data on motivating factors and perceived costs/benefits from reported EMS adoption from a survey going to executi...
Full Text Available The decubitus expertise standard by the Network for Quality Control in Nursing was published in 2000. In practice, however, the implementation status differs greatly from field to field. The present paper, in addition to addressing this situation, also processes and explains decubitus prevention in practical application based on the new expertise standard. Focus is placed on the individually manageable elements, such as pressure, mobility, skin care, nourishment, perception promotion, communication/interaction, and individuality.
Mary M., Chabeli.
Full Text Available Nursing students are exposed to a vast amount of information and reading material that is very specific, technical, and new to the students. Unless nurse educators provide a learning environment that promotes understanding through interaction, students might only commit unassimilated information to [...] their short-term memory through rote learning, and no meaningful learning will occur. Nursing students must be able to link learned facts, concepts and principles with new knowledge in order to make sound rational decisions in practice (All & Havens 1997:1210, 1213). The aim of this paper is to describe the utilisation of concept-mapping as a teaching method to facilitate critical thinking by students in nursing education. The description of the utilisation of concept-mapping is done from the theoretical framework of concept-mapping and critical thinking to provide the epistemological basis for concept-mapping (Facione 1990:6, 13). Based on the exploration and description of the theoretical frameworks, four steps to facilitate critical thinking were formulated through concept-mapping on the basis of the educational process: the identification, interactive constructing process, formulation and evaluation steps. It is concluded that the utilisation of these steps will assist nurse educators to implement concept-mapping as a teaching method to facilitate critical thinking by student nurses in nursing education. Recommendations are made.
Thaís Helena Piai-Morais
Full Text Available OBJECTIVE Evaluate and correlate individual, work-related and organizational factors that influence adherence to standard precautions among nursing professionals of psychiatric hospitals in São Paulo. METHOD An exploratory cross-sectional study conducted with 35 nursing professionals, using the assessment tool for adherence to standard precautions through the Likert scale, ranging from 1 to 5. RESULTS Knowledge of the precautions received a high score (4.69; adherence received (3.86 and obstacles (3.78, while intermediaries and the scales of organizational factors received low scores (2.61. There was a strong correlation between the magnitude adherence scale and the personal protective equipment availability (r = 0.643; p = 0.000. The training scale for prevention of HIV exposure (p = 0.007 was statistically different between the nurses and nursing assistants. CONCLUSION The organizational factors negatively contributed to adherence to standard precautions, indicating that psychiatric institutions lack safe working conditions, ongoing training and management actions to control infections.
Nytun, Jan Pettersen; Fossum, Mariann
Standardized terminologies are introduced in healthcare with the intention of improving information quality, which is important for enhancing the quality of healthcare itself. The International Classification for Nursing Practice (ICNP®) is a unified language system that presents an ontology for nursing terminology; it is meant for documentation of nursing diagnoses, nursing interventions and patient outcomes. This paper presents an information model and an application for teaching nursing students how to use ICNP to assist in the planning of nursing care. The model is an integration of ICNP and our catalog ontology, patient journal ontology, and ontology defining task sets. The application for learning nursing terminology offers descriptions of patient situations and then prompts the student to supply nursing statements for diagnoses, goals and interventions. The nursing statements may be selected from catalogues containing premade solutions based on ICNP, or they may be constructed directly by selecting terms from ICNP. PMID:25160170
Evans, Jennifer; Webster, Sue; Gallagher, Susan; Brown, Peter; Sinclair, John
Most people with psychosis and schizophrenia experience auditory hallucinations, particularly the hearing of voices. A common cause of frustration and alienation for consumers is the lack of understanding by therapists, family members and caregivers, who find it difficult to relate to the consumers' experiences. The purpose of this study is to examine and evaluate whether students' participation in a simulated auditory hallucination will increase their understanding and knowledge about psychosis and auditory hallucinations. The design method consisted of a lecture on psychosis and schizophrenia disorders, followed by a simulation of auditory hallucinations using iPods. Students' knowledge and perceptions of psychosis and hallucinations was assessed using quasi-experimental pre-post matched-design questionnaires. The questionnaire was divided into two parts, the first comprised closed questions to assess students' knowledge, and the second part consisted of open-ended questions to collect information about students' perceptions of auditory hallucinations. The results confirmed that students' knowledge of psychosis and hallucination increased following the teaching session and simulation is a useful tool to prepare students for clinical placements in mental health practice. PMID:26309169
Fick, Donna M.; Kolanowski, Ann M; Hill, Nikki L.; Yevchak, Andrea; DiMeglio, Brittney; Mulhall, Paula M.
The purpose of this study is to describe nursing home staff knowledge regarding delirium detection and the most common causes of delirium. Specific aims that guided this study include identifying the rate of nurse recognition of delirium and delirium superimposed on dementia (DSD), including different motoric subtypes of delirium, using standardized case vignettes, and exploring what nursing home staff describe as the potential causes of delirium. The study showed overall poor recognition of ...
Juliana Santana de Freitas
Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: assess the quality of nursing care, the patients' satisfaction and the correlation between both.METHOD: cross-sectional study, involving 275 patients hospitalized at a teaching hospital in the Central-West of Brazil. The data were collected through the simultaneous application of three instruments. Next, they were included in an electronic database and analyzed in function of the positivity, median value and Spearman's correlation coefficients.RESULTS: among the nursing care assessed, only two were considered safe - hygiene and physical comfort; nutrition and hydration - while the remainder were classified as poor. Nevertheless, the patients were satisfied with the care received in the domains assessed: technical-professional, confidence and educational. This can be justified by the weak to moderate correlation that was observed among these variables.CONCLUSION: Despite the quality deficit, the patients' satisfaction level with the nursing care received was high. These results indicate that the institution needs to center its objectives on a continuing evaluation system of the care quality, aiming to attend to the patients' expectations.
de Freitas, Juliana Santana; Silva, Ana Elisa Bauer de Camargo; Minamisava, Ruth; Bezerra, Ana Lúcia Queiroz; de Sousa, Maiana Regina Gomes
Objectives assess the quality of nursing care, the patients' satisfaction and the correlation between both. Method cross-sectional study, involving 275 patients hospitalized at a teaching hospital in the Central-West of Brazil. The data were collected through the simultaneous application of three instruments. Next, they were included in an electronic database and analyzed in function of the positivity, median value and Spearman's correlation coefficients. Results among the nursing care assessed, only two were considered safe - hygiene and physical comfort; nutrition and hydration - while the remainder were classified as poor. Nevertheless, the patients were satisfied with the care received in the domains assessed: technical-professional, confidence and educational. This can be justified by the weak to moderate correlation that was observed among these variables. Conclusion Despite the quality deficit, the patients' satisfaction level with the nursing care received was high. These results indicate that the institution needs to center its objectives on a continuing evaluation system of the care quality, aiming to attend to the patients' expectations. PMID:25029057
Aline Togni Braga
Full Text Available The objectives of this study was to analyze the Service of Continuated Education (SCE of a teaching hospital, from the perspective of the nursing team in the evaluative dimensions of structure, process and outcome and to identify factors involved in the activities undertaken by that service, based on the Donabedian model. This is an exploratory-descriptive study, carried through in a private teaching hospital. The data collection was conducted through a questionnaire, using a Likert scale. The treatment of the data was carried through a descriptive statistics using the Cronbach Alpha test. Analyzing the data, we observed that in the tree evaluated dimensions (structure, process and result the nurse team had favorable perception relative to this service. However, the structure dimension received the highest favorability score, average of 4,56 (dp±4,97, with process dimension receiving the lower score of, average 40,44 (dp±5,11.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in both the developed and the developing world. The incidence of breast cancer in Karachi, Pakistan is 69.1 per 100,000 with breast cancer presentation in stages III and IV being common (â¥ 50%. The most pragmatic solution to early detection lies in breast cancer education of women. Nurses constitute a special group having characteristics most suited for disseminating breast cancer information to the women. We assessed the level of knowledge of breast cancer risk factors among registered female nurses in teaching hospitals of Karachi. We also identified whether selected factors among nurses were associated with their knowledge of breast cancer risk factors, so that relevant measures to improve knowledge of nurses could be implemented. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in seven teaching hospitals of Karachi using stratified random sampling with proportional allocation. A total of 609 registered female nurses were interviewed using a structured questionnaire adapted from the Stager's Comprehensive Breast Cancer Knowledge Test. Knowledge of breast cancer risk factors was categorized into good, fair and poor categories. Ordinal regression was used to identify factors associated with risk knowledge among nurses. Results Thirty five percent of nurses had good knowledge of risk factors. Graduates from private nursing schools (aOR = 4.23, 95% CI: 2.93, 6.10, nurses who had cared for breast cancer patients (aOR = 1.41, 95% CI: 1.00, 1.99, those having received a breast examination themselves (aOR = 1.56, 95% CI: 1.08, 2.26 or those who ever examined a patient's breast (aOR = 1.87, 95% CI: 1.34, 2.61 were more likely to have good knowledge. Conclusion A relatively small proportion of the nursing population had good level of knowledge of the breast cancer risk factors. This knowledge is associated with nursing school status, professional breast cancer exposure and self history of clinical breast examination. Since only about one-third of the nurses had good knowledge about risk factors, there is a need to introduce breast cancer education in nursing schools particularly in the public sector. Continuing nursing education at the workplace can be of additional benefit.
Full Text Available OROGINAL ARTICLE Occupational diseases are any chronic ailment that occurs as a result of work or occupational activity. This study was conducted to examine the frequency and risk factors of some Skin and Musculoskeletal Disorders among nurses at a referral-teaching hospital. All 197 nurses in the hospital from different working shifts were engaged in the study. All nurses filled out a questionnaire containing demographic and occupational data. In the questionnaire, they specified the following: sex, age, job experience, any history of respiratory, skeletal and muscular diseases over the past year, chemicals and physical conditions they have been exposed to, history of allergy. Thirty nine nurses had skin diseases. Those who did not regularly wear gloves were further susceptible to skin diseases. 68 nurses in this study had musculoskeletal, respiratory and allergic diseases. The skin and respiratory diseases had nothing to do with gender, but skeletal, muscular and allergic diseases were more in women. In 93% of the cases, skin diseases left lesions in the elbows, wrists, palms and fingers. In our study, it was demonstrated that 39 nurses had skin diseases. 68 nurses in this study had skeletal, muscular, respiratory and allergic diseases. Out of 93 percent of the cases, skin diseases were characterized by the appearance of lesions. The incidence of Skin and Musculoskeletal Disorders had no meaningful relationship with age, height, employment and matrimonial status of the nurses, but it did have with the number of working shifts and beds under their supervision.
Andreae, Christina; Ekstedt, Mirjam; Snellman, Ingrid
This study aimed to describe inpatients with myocardial infarction and their participation in care as documented in the nursing records when standardized care plans are used in care. The use of standardized care plans not only has increased the quality of medical treatment but has also overlooked patients' opportunities to participate in their own care. There is a lack of knowledge about how standardized care plans influence patients' participation in nursing care. Data were collected from th...
Zou, Xiang-Jun; Zhang, Yin-Ping
A standardized nursing handoff form was designed and implemented to improve handoff process, and rates of nursing errors were measured to determine the effectiveness of the intervention. This study was a prospective intervention study, using 1-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design, conducted on an inpatient medical unit. The rates of nursing errors decreased from 9.2 (95% confidence interval, 8.0-10.3) to 5.7 (95% confidence interval, 5.1-6.9) per 100 admissions (P < .001), comparing the pre- and postintervention periods. PMID:26035707
Francisco José García Sánchez
Full Text Available The Management of Primary Attention of Ciudad Real and the Management of Area of Puertollano elaborated, jointly during year 2005, Manual in Prevention and a Treatment of Chronic Wounds with the objective to standardize and to protocol the welfare practice in this matter. During the month of February of 2006 an anonymous survey with 6 questions is elaborated to know the satisfaction the professionals after the implantation of this tool, presented/displayed a cross-sectional descriptive study that throws the following global results: The necessity to implant a manual is valued with 8,97 on 10. The format of pocket chosen for the manual is valued with 8,94 on 10. The presentation of the manual is valued with 8.88 on 10. Speakers are valued with 8,63 on 10. The contents of the manual obtain a score of 8.90 on 10. The utility of the manual is valued with 8.87 on 10.The results indicate that the professionals demanded a tool that standardized the clinical practice in the prevention and treatment of chronic wounds. It seems to be that it has been guessed right in the format of the same one (pocket and emphasizes the utility that they give the same one, although statistically significantly appear differences between both managements.
Anders, Patrick L; Scherer, Yvonne Krall; Hatton, Michael; Antonson, Donald; Austin-Ketch, Tammy; Campbell-Heider, Nancy
The aims of this study were to develop, implement, and evaluate a novel interprofessional standardized patient exercise (ISPE) with oral-systemic and interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) components. Dental students and doctor of nursing practice (DNP) students at one U.S. university participated in the simulation, which was primarily designed to test their teamwork skills. In spring 2014, DNP students worked in the dental clinics with dental students under the supervision of nursing and dental faculty members. To test the teamwork outcomes for both groups of students, a standardized patient (SP) scenario was designed to include multiple chronic medical diagnoses and an oral-systemic component. The exercise was filmed for later review. Outcomes measures included SP and student self-evaluations and faculty evaluation of student documentation. The primary outcome of interest from a dental standpoint was faculty evaluation of IPCP competencies derived from the Core Competencies of Interprofessional Collaborative Practice and were deemed to be observable by faculty when viewing the videotaped scenario. Eight teams of students participated with an SP trained in the scenario. Each team consisted of a DNP student, a fourth-year dental student, and a second-year dental student. All eligible students in the DNP class (n=20) and eight students from each dental class (approximately 110 each) participated. The results showed that the teams scored highest on the role/responsibilities subscale, indicating students were respectful of each other's roles and expertise and effectively engaged each other to develop strategies to meet the patient's needs. Scores on the three other subscales (values/ethics, interprofessional communication, and teams/teamwork) were also high. These findings appeared to support IPCP as a method to foster knowledge and respect for other roles and responsibilities, improve appreciation of teamwork, and encourage better communication among health care providers. The ISPE scenario provided an effective way to evaluate IPCP competencies. PMID:26729686
Full Text Available Abstract Background Nurses may acquire an infection during the provision of nursing care because of occupational exposure to microorganisms. Relevant literature reports that, compliance with Standard Precautions (a set of guidelines that can protect health care professionals from being exposed to microorganisms is low among nurses. Additionally, high rates of exposure to microorganisms among nurses via several modes (needlesticks, hand contamination with blood, exposure to air-transmitted microorganisms occur. The aim of the study was to study the factors that influence nurses' compliance with Standard Precaution in order to avoid occupational exposure to pathogens, by employing a qualitative research design. Method A focus group approach was used to explore the issue under study. Four focus groups (N = 30 were organised to elicit nurses' perception of the factors that influence their compliance with Standard Precautions. The Health Belief Model (HBM was used as the theoretical framework and the data were analysed according to predetermined criteria. Results Following content analysis, factors that influence nurses' compliance emerged. Most factors could be applied to one of the main domains of the HBM: benefits, barriers, severity, susceptibility, cues to action, and self-efficacy. Conclusions Changing current behavior requires knowledge of the factors that may influence nurses' compliance with Standard Precautions. This knowledge will facilitate in the implementation of programs and preventive actions that contribute in avoiding of occupational exposure.
Foroozan Atashzadeh Shoorideh; Zohreh Nabizadeh; Nahid Khazaei; Hamid Alavi-Majd
The aim of this study is to determine the correlation between nurse managers delegation and nurses organizational commitment in the view of nurses. Nowadays improvement of the performance, efficiency, and effectiveness of organizations require capable and committed employees. In Iran, there is not any survey of the correlation between delegation and organizational commitment. This study is a descriptive correlation study. Statistical data in this research includes nurses (2120 members) of...
Harnett, P J
The term \\'performance management\\' has an aversive \\'managerial\\' aspect, is unappealing to many public sector staff and has an \\'image problem\\'. Perhaps as a consequence, it has failed to make a significant impact on Irish public sector workers, notably mental health nurses. In this paper, performance management is introduced and examined within an Irish healthcare context and with reference to its use in other countries. Some of the challenges faced by Irish mental health nurses and the potential benefits of working within a performance managed workplace are discussed. The paper concludes that performance management is likely to increasingly affect nurses, either as active agents or as passive recipients of a change that is thrust on them. The authors anticipate that the performance management \\'image problem\\' will give way to recognition that this is a fundamental change which has the potential to enable health services to change. This change will bring high standards of transparency, worker involvement in decision making, an explicit value base for health services and individual teams. It provides the potential for clear practice standards and high standards of transparency as well as worker welfare in all aspects, including supporting employment and career progression.
Prof. Marie Muller is the Chairperson of the Department of Nursing at the Rand Afrikaans University where she has been teaching the subject Nursing Administration and Nursing Dynamics for more than fourteen years. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
Van Graan, Anna Catharina
Recent reforms in the South African health care and educational system were founded in the ideal that the country would produce independent, critical thinkers. Nurses need to cope with diversity in a more creative way, defining their role in a complex, uncertain, rapidly changing health care environment. Learning facilitators are held accountable for finding adequate learning experiences to prepare nursing students for such practice demands so that newly qualified nurses do meet expectations ...
Gwele, N S
Information technology has a potential to be the answer to one of Africa's most pressing problems-providing education to a number of geographically dispersed learners, who currently have to leave their countries for a number of years in order to pursue their studies elsewhere. The School of Nursing at the University of Natal launched an online graduate course in nursing education at the beginning of the year 2000 for the first time as part of a masters degree programme. A number of lessons have been learned from this experience. Firstly, it took too long to arrive at 'closure' on discussion of any one particular theme. There seemed to be a perpetual feeling of never "completing" teaching/learning tasks. Ordinarily, in a face-to-face (f2f) classroom, a particular theme or topic is scheduled for a particular lecture period. More often than not, whether clarity and/or resolution has been attained, the discussion moves on to the next theme, or topic. This has not been easy to do in computer mediated communication (CMC). The students' contributions, however, seemed more thought out and more focused than had been the case in the f2f classes. Secondly, the essentiality/importance of structure became apparent very early. After an initial tentative and slow start, once the students felt comfortable with the computer "classroom", the bulletin board was flooded with messages, necessitating re-thinking the original structure. PMID:11949152
Full Text Available Information technology has a potential to be the answer to one of Africaâs most pressing problems- providing education to a number of geographically dispersed learners, who currently have to leave their countries for a number of years in order to pursue their studies elsewhere. The School of Nursing at the University of Natal launched an online graduate course in nursing education at the beginning of the year 2000 for the first time as part of a masters degree programme. A number of lessons have been learned from this experience. Firstly, it took too long to arrive at âclosureâ on discussion of any one particular theme. There seemed to be a perpetual feeling of never âcompletingâ teaching/learning tasks. Ordinarily, in a face-to-face (f2f classroom, a particular theme or topic is scheduled for a particular lecture period. More often than not, whether clarity and/or resolution has been attained, the discussion moves on to the next theme, or topic. This has not been easy to do in computer mediated communication (CMC. The studentsâ contributions, however, seemed more thought out and more focused than had been the case in the f2f classes. Secondly, the essentiality/importance of structure became apparent very early. After an initial tentative and slow start, once the students felt comfortable with the computer âclassroomâ , the bulletin board was flooded with messages, necessitating re-thinking the original structure.
Gallagher, William J.
Many teachers gaze in wonder at the professional teaching standards to which they are expected to adhere. Such standards too often ask more of teachers than they can possibly deliver. It is especially disconcerting that teaching standards are actually at odds with an educational environment dominated by ill-conceived accountability schemes and
The work of the occupational health nurses at the Pickering Generating Station is described. A staff of two nurses teach first aid and safety, practice an emergency plan, and monitor personnel for minimum health standards for radiation workers. Special attention is paid to problems which might be aggravated by radiation, such as skin complaints, respiratory diseases, emotional stability, or phobias regarding heights, plastic suits, or radiation itself. Procedures used in treating contaminated personnel are outlined
The work of the occupational health nurses at the Pickering Generating Station is described. A staff of two nurses teach first aid and safety, practice an emergency plan, and monitor personnel for minimum health standards for radiation workers. Special attention is paid to problems which might be aggravated by radiation, such as skin complaints, respiratory diseases, emotional stability, or phobias regarding heights, plastic suits, or radiation itself. Procedures used in treating contaminated personnel are outlined.
Odell, Ellen; Barta, Kathleen
Patient safety and quality outcomes are major issues in the health care industry. Many national organizations have pushed these issues to the forefront of health care, demanding that health care professionals, especially nurses, play a vital role and be vigilant in these endeavors. Nurse educators, using The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice, are in a unique position to impact health care systems and patient care by educating and training nursing students in the skills necessary to promote safety and quality outcomes. This article describes a creative, authentic learning experience that is currently being used in a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN) program. The learning experience is a shared partnership between the clinical agency, the faculty, and the health science librarian to assist senior nursing students in the last semester of their baccalaureate degree program to synthesize and use the knowledge, skills, and attitudes that promote patient safety and optimal outcomes. It is a teaching strategy that incorporates many of the outcomes from the BSN Essentials and aids students to actively seek and deliver care using evidence-based practice. PMID:22142913
Ausili, Davide; Baccin, Giliola; Talamona, Adele; Sironi, Cecilia
This article describes a proposal for a nursing curriculum in general, clinical and paediatric nursing sciences (this scientific area is named MED/45 in Italian legislation) at the first cycle of higher education for general nurses in Italy (level 6 according to the European Qualifications Framework). Future change in university syllabus, need to revise nursing curriculum starting from specific competences acquisition, lack of professional national nursing standards, and uncertain evolution of a scientific academic sector for nurses in Italy, led to this work. It consists in evaluation and revision of what has been implemented in a nursing pre-registration degree at University of Insubria. Key principles orienting nursing sciences educational activities revision of this degree course has been the following: centrality of the person in the curing process, choice of a conceptual nursing model to guide personalisation of care, development of therapeutic relationship skills, and adherence to professional principles and values. Aims, educational objectives, and educational activities planned to teach nursing discipline in the three year course, are presented in this paper. Nursing discipline has been articulated into four knowledge areas: general nursing, nursing methodology, clinical nursing (general and applied), advanced nursing practice. Evaluation of this curriculum, implemented since 2000 and modified in 2008, helped the students to acquire a clear professional identity. Further comments are added in the conclusion on matching educational objectives to didactic units, identification of four knowledge areas for nursing sciences, and choice to deal with advanced nursing practice during the third year of the degree course. PMID:19356324
Amole, Jacques; Heath, Janie; Joshua, Thomas V; McLear, Beth
This article presents an overview of an online education offering to improve standards of practice for nurses intervening with tobacco-dependent mentally ill populations. Designed as a pilot study and guided by the theory of reasoned action framework, the pretest-posttest educational program was conducted to examine attitudes and beliefs, knowledge, and intentions to integrate tobacco cessation interventions into practice. Although positive attitudes and beliefs were demonstrated, knowledge gaps continued to exist after the online program. Strengths and challenges of the online education offering are presented with recommendations for future research. PMID:22289399
Mager, Diana R; Kazer, Meredith W; Conelius, Jaclyn; Shea, Joyce; Lippman, Doris T; Torosyan, Roben; Nantz, Kathryn
For many years, an area of research in higher education has been emerging around the development and implementation of fair and effective peer evaluation programs. Recently, a new body of knowledge has developed regarding the development and implementation of fair and effective peer evaluation programs resulting in formative and summative evaluations. The purpose of this article is to describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a peer review of teaching (PRoT) program for nursing faculty, initiated at one small comprehensive university in the northeastern United States. Pairs of nursing faculty evaluated each other's teaching, syllabi, and course materials after collaborating in a pre-evaluation conference to discuss goals of the classroom visit. Qualitative data gathered in post project focus groups revealed that faculty found their modified PRoT process to be a mutually beneficial experience that was more useful, flexible and collegial, and less stressful than their previous evaluation process. PMID:24893326
Cárdenas Ramos Rosalba
Full Text Available
Full Text Available Traditional teaching methods used in medical education couldn't meet the need for keeping pace with up to date information. Present study has conducted in order to compare the effect of lecture and e-learning methods on nursing students' learning outcomes in the context of Iran. A cross-over design was applied. Study sample was consisted of 32 students which were in third semester of nursing bachelor program and were passing Maternal Child nursing course. The first part of the course was taught using lecture method during first four weeks; an e-learning method was the technique used to educate the remained part of the course during the second four weeks. Students' learning outcomes in each method, opinion toward and participation with both educational methods was assessed. No significant difference was found between students exam scores in both methods. Considering students' opinion toward educational methods, no significant difference was found between two methods in general but students reported better "capability" and "independency" in e-learning method while lecture was obtained higher scores in "effectiveness on learning" and "motivation" characteristics. E-learning can be used in teaching some nursing courses. It is recommended to use e-learning method with appropriate interactive strategies and attractive virtual environments to motivate students
Green, Rex S.; Steinmann, William; Ellis, Nancy; O'Brien, Linda; Pack, Allan; Lawton, Powell; Pfohl, Dorothea; Stein, Audrey; Abrutyn, Elias
A subject registry and clinical research database were created in 1983 as part of a National Institute of Aging Teaching Nursing Home award to the Philadelphia Gerontology Research Consortium. The registry enables medical researchers to locate subjects for their studies. It also helps researchers decide if there are enough potential subjects for proposed studies. The design of the database emphasizes data that provide the context for studies of specific diseases, as well as facilitate the com...
Full Text Available Background and Aim: Social loafing is the phenomenon of people deliberately exerting less effort to achieve a goal when they work in a group as compared to when they work alone. People who feel they are being treated unfair in an organization would be more likely to show this phenomenon. This study investigated the social loafing among nurses and its relationship with organizational justice in Tohid Hospital in Sanandaj, Iran. Materials and Methods: This was a correlational descriptive-analytical study conducted in 2012. The study population was all nurses working in Tohid Hospital in Sanandaj, Iran. Data were collected using a valid questionnaire. For data analysis SPSS-20 software was used, the descriptive statistics being frequency distribution, mean, standard deviation, and the Spearman, Mann-Whitney, and Kruskal-Wallis tests . Results : The highest organizational justice component was found to be organizational justice (0.086 ± 3.39, and the mean of social loafing was higher in comparison with organizational justice. According to the Spearman test, all organizational justice components had inverse relations with social loafing. Only distributive organizational justice was significantly related to social loafing (p<0.05. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the personnel are highly sensitive to distributive justice and managers need to create the feeling that the organization has a fair distribution of resources. Hospitals should try to minimize the negative effects associated with loafing by creating an environment that discourages social loafing. One way to achieve this goal is to try to impress the personnel by telling them that their functions are important , such that they feel their job is important and that the role of nurses in connection with the patients is of value and significant.
Lee, Sheuan; Chang, Ting
Level of development in the nursing profession affects healthcare quality and safety. The nursing profession in Taiwan today faces myriad external pressures such as the global financial crisis and rapidly changing national health insurance policies and social issues. For example, cutbacks in nursing manpower at medical institutions and increasingly difficult healthcare working conditions are increasing nurse workloads and turnover, conflict in the workplace, and difficulties in recruiting new nursing staff. Such negative developments directly and negatively impact professional development, healthcare quality, healthcare safety, and workplace morale. In terms of maintaining and enhancing the quality of new nurses entering the profession, rapid growth in numbers of technology schools and nursing students have severely strained insufficient resources and resulted in teaching quality and education outcomes below expectations. Poor passing rates on the national nursing license examination and increasingly high new nurse turnover are now significant negative factors influencing clinical manpower availability. Imbalances among education, licensing, and hiring clearly and negatively impact nursing professional development and social needs and cause the inefficient allocation of limited education resources. This article discusses and analyzes the causes underlying current imbalances in nurse hiring, licensing, and education. We provide the following suggestions: (1) Integrate education and licensing activities based on professional recruitment considerations to promote nursing competent and manpower stability; (2) revise the focus and content of the national license examination to resolve the current disconnect between license examination and hiring needs; (3) redesign curricula, update teaching material, and adjust teaching methods based on professional competencies in order to resolve key education and recruitment problems. All nursing schools should prepare their students well to pass the license examination in order to resolve the current state of inconsistent educational standards, and (4) train international nursing talent to address and reflect international medical care trends and policies in Taiwan. This paper is intended to serve as reference for both policymakers and professionals in the nursing and healthcare fields. PMID:23034543
Kimbrough-Walls, Vickie J.
Student success is dependent on effective instruction. Yet, effective teaching is difficult to define and described differently by students, faculty, and administrators. Nursing and dental hygiene education programs require faculty to teach in both classroom and clinical environments. However, accreditation agencies for these programs mandate
Ingvarson, Lawrence; Kleinhenz, Elizabeth
This paper aims to provide a critical review and comparison of the following sets of standards of practice for teachers: (1) The Victorian Interim Teacher Class Standards (ITCS), especially Interim Teacher Class Standards for Beginning Teachers; (2) Professional Standards for Teachers; (3) The National Competencies for Beginning Teaching; (4) The
Miles, Leslie W; Mabey, Linda; Leggett, Sarah; Stansfield, Katie
The literature on techniques for improving student competency in therapeutic communication and interpersonal skills is limited. A simulation approach to enhance the learning of communication skills was developed to address these issues. Second-semester and senior nursing students participated in videorecorded standardized patient simulations, with senior students portraying the patient. Following simulated interactions, senior students provided feedback to junior students on their use of communication skills and other therapeutic factors. To integrate the learning experience, junior students completed a written assignment, in which they identified effective and noneffective communication; personal strengths and weaknesses; and use of genuineness, empathy, and positive regard. A videorecording of each student interaction gave faculty the opportunity to provide formative feedback to students. Student evaluations have been positive. Themes identified in student evaluations include the impact of seeing oneself, significance of practicing, getting below the surface in communication, and moving from insight to goal setting. PMID:25207556
O'Leary, Jessica; Nash, Robyn; Lewis, Peter
Identifying and stabilising deterioration in a child with significant clinical compromise is both a challenging and necessary role of the paediatric critical care nurse. Within adult critical care research, high fidelity patient simulation (HFPS) has been shown to positively impact learner outcomes regarding identification and management of a deteriorating patient; however, there is a paucity of evidence examining the use of HFPS in paediatric nursing education. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of HFPS on nurses' self-efficacy and knowledge for recognising and managing paediatric deterioration. Further, participants' perceptions of the learning experiences specific to the identification and management of a deteriorating child were also explored. Registered nurses working in a tertiary-referral paediatric critical care unit were recruited for this quasi-experimental study. Using a pre-test/post-test control-group design, participants were assigned to one of two learning experiences: HFPS or standard instruction. Following the learning experience, nurses were also invited to participate in semi-structured interviews. 30 nurses participated in the study (control n=15, experiment n=15). Participants in the HFPS intervention were most likely to demonstrate an increase in both perceived self-efficacy (p=change was observed in control group scores. The mean difference in self-efficacy gain score between the two groups was 5.67 score units higher for the experiment group compared to the control. HFPS also yielded higher follow-up knowledge scores (p=0.01) compared to standard instruction. Ten nurses participated in semi-structured interviews. Thematic analysis of the interview data identified four themes: self-awareness, hands-on learning, teamwork, and maximising learning. The results of this study suggest that HFPS can positively influence nurses' self-efficacy and knowledge test scores specific to the recognition and management of paediatric deterioration. PMID:26249644
Cobb, K L; Billings, D M; Mays, R M; Canty-Mitchell, J
With the explosion of college-level Web-based courses, concern has arisen about the quality of online courses. Peer review of online courses is one method of ensuring that these courses meet the highest standards. Although numerous colleges and universities use peer review for classroom presentations, clinical experiences, and course materials, peer review of an online course may require a different type of expertise. This article describes the process for conducting a peer review of teaching in Web-based courses and explains how documentation of peer review of an online course can be used for faculty development, promotion and tenure decisions, curriculum decisions, and program review. PMID:12141644
Tanner, Kimberly; Allen, Deborah
The first challenge in designing and teaching any course is to decide what to teach. At most colleges and universities, the process of selecting course content is an extremely local enterprise. Sometimes the decisions are made by a small group of faculty members, but most often they are made by a single professor with the responsibility of
Artemov, G N; Sharakhova, M V; Naumenko, A N; Karagodin, D A; Baricheva, E M; Stegniy, V N; Sharakhov, I V
Anopheles atroparvus (Diptera: Culicidae) is one of the main malaria vectors of the Maculipennis group in Europe. Cytogenetic analysis based on salivary gland chromosomes has been used in taxonomic and population genetic studies of mosquitoes from this group. However, a high-resolution cytogenetic map that could be used in physical genome mapping in An.?atroparvus is still lacking. In the present study, a high-quality photomap of the polytene chromosomes from ovarian nurse cells of An.?atroparvus was developed. Using fluorescent in situ hybridization, 10 genes from the five largest genomic supercontigs on the polytene chromosome were localized and 28% of the genome was anchored to the cytogenetic map. The study established chromosome arm homology between An.?atroparvus and the major African malaria vector Anopheles gambiae, suggesting a whole-arm translocation between autosomes of these two species. The standard photomap constructed for ovarian nurse cell chromosomes of An.?atroparvus will be useful for routine physical mapping. This map will assist in the development of a fine-scale chromosome-based genome assembly for this species and will also facilitate comparative and evolutionary genomics studies in the genus Anopheles. PMID:25776224
Hutchison, Jacqueline Sarah
This paper was initially written for a European Academy of Caring Science workshop and aimed to provide clarity and direction about Caring Science by offering some ideas emerging from the philosophy, themes, and projects of EACS. An underpinning concept for the work of the Academy is the lifeworld. The focus of the workshop was to explore the lifeworld of the patient, student, and carer. The intention was to promote discussion around the need to provide alternative ways to conceptualise caring relevant knowledge, naming phenomena and practices central to caring sciences, and the educational curriculum and its adequacy for caring science. This paper seeks to identify concepts and approaches to understanding oppression, power, and justice which enable nurses to challenge the structures in health care environments which discriminate or disempower clients. Anti-oppressive practice theory and reflexive lifeworld-led approaches to care enable nurses to be critical of their practice. A framework for teaching social justice in health care is offered to augment teaching students to challenge oppressive practice and to assist nurses to reflect and develop conceptual models to guide practices which are central to promoting caring interactions. PMID:25838944
Vera Lúcia de Castro Périssé
Full Text Available The client that suffered a gastrostomy needs the full attention of a stomaterapist nurse. This support starts with the feeding tube installation and should be followed in homecare attention by motivating the family to take part of this process, giving them the necessary support, teaching how to manage the feeding tube, how to handle it in the process of feeding the client and also the physical and emotional care required in order to prevent difficulties and contributing effectively to the health promotion, maintenance and rehabilitation of the client in the family scenario. The aim of this work is to know the new possibilities of innovation in the nurses practice and teaching when attending the gastrostomy clients family, identifying the needs of the family in this kind of care in the family scenario and elaborating a homecare program to the family of a gastrostomy client. It is a qualitative research which will count with: a selection of clients submitted to gastrostomy in the Video-Endo Clinic; home visits evaluations by participative observation of the family scenario conditions to attend the clients´s needs; orientations with practical demonstrations of care actions with the client in nutritional support by gastrostomy, thorough the identification of the familys needs concerned the client care, by analyzing the interviews and observation, and the elaboration of a homecare program for these
This topic-diffraction and interference-is a standard topic in teaching wave optics in schools and universities as well as in physics practical labs. The theoretical presentation needs some knowledge in mathematics; the final formula for the intensity pattern as a function of all parameters such as number of slits N, slit width b, slit distance d, wavelength ? of light used is not too complicated. The experimental setup is standard and well known. In our opinion the shortage comes here from the relatively poor quality of scattering objects produced by photolithography and by the small number of various objects in N, b and d. We on the contrary offer objects produced by electron beam lithography with much higher contrast and larger resolution. As a consequence, students are allowed to study not only positions of a few maxima and minima of the interference pattern, but determine relative intensities of maxima and minima with respect to central maximum, details around sub-maxima, band shape and bandwidth. In addition, we generated 150 objects with a variety in N, b and d and also offer five different wavelengths. Since these objects are hardly available and not so easy to copy we offer this experiment as a remotely controlled laboratory experiment which means the real experiment located in A can be used by everyone with his or her computer located in B via the Internet. (paper)
Oermann, Marilyn H; Kardong-Edgren, Suzan; Odom-Maryon, Tamara; Ha, Yeongmi; McColgan, Jacqueline Keegan; Hurd, Debbie; Rogers, Nancy; Resurreccion, Leandro A; Snelson, Catherine; Kuerschner, Dawn R; Haus, Carol; Smart, Denise A; Lamar, Jerrilee; Hallmark, Beth F; Tennant, Monica Nelson; Dowdy, Sharon Wilson
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of HeartCode BLS, a self-directed, computer-based course for obtaining basic life support (BLS) certification. For part 2 of the course, students learned and practiced their cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) psychomotor skills on a voice assisted manikin (VAM). Students from 10 schools of nursing were randomly assigned to two types of CPR training: HeartCode BLS with VAM or the standard, instructor-led (IL) course with manikins that were not voice assisted; 264 students trained using HeartCode BLS and 339 had an IL course. When students passed their respective courses and were certified in BLS, their CPR skills were tested using the Laerdal PC SkillReporting System. Students who trained using HeartCode BLS and practiced their CPR skills on VAMs were significantly more accurate in their ventilations, compressions, and single-rescuer CPR than students who had the standard, IL course with regular manikins. PMID:21086869
Bellamy, Michael K.
The internal standard method is widely applied in quantitative analyses. However, most analytical chemistry textbooks either omit this topic or only provide examples of a single-point internal standardization. An experiment designed to teach students how to prepare an internal standard calibration curve is described. The experiment is a modified
Bergeron, Valerie J.
Educational institutions are under tremendous pressure to adopt the newest technologies in order to prepare their students to meet the challenges of the twenty-first century. For the last twenty years huge amounts of money have been spent on computers, printers, software, multimedia projection equipment, and so forth. A reasonable question is, "Has it worked?" Has this infusion of resources, financial as well as human, resulted in improved learning? Are the students meeting the intended learning goals? Any attempt to develop answers to these questions should include examining the intended goals and exploring the effects of the changes on students and faculty. This project investigated the impact of a specific application of a computer program in a community college setting on students' attitudes and understanding of human anatomy and physiology. In this investigation two sites of the same community college with seemingly similar students populations, seven miles apart, used different laboratory activities to teach human anatomy and physiology. At one site nursing students were taught using traditional dissections and laboratory activities; at the other site two of the dissections, specifically cat and sheep pluck, were replaced with the A.D.A.M.RTM (Animated Dissection of Anatomy for Medicine) computer program. Analysis of the attitude data indicated that students at both sites were extremely positive about their laboratory experiences. Analysis of the content data indicated a statistically significant difference in performance between the two sites in two of the eight content areas that were studied. For both topics the students using the computer program scored higher. A detailed analysis of the surveys, interviews with faculty and students, examination of laboratory materials, and observations of laboratory facilities in both sites, and cost-benefit analysis led to the development of seven recommendations. The recommendations call for action at the level of the institution requiring investment in additional resources, and at the level of the faculty requiring a commitment to exploration and reflective practice.
Leila Valizadeh; Abolghasem Amini; Eskandar Fathi-Azar; Shahrzad Ghiasvandian; Bahareh Akbarzadeh
Introduction: In recent decades, nursing instructors have tended to use simulation rather than traditional methods due to benefits such as increased self-confidence. However, little academic literature is available to verify this claim. The procedure of establishing peripheral venous catheterization in pediatric patients is of great importance. Therefore, the researchers attempted to review the effect of the simulation teaching method on nursing students' self-confidence relate...
Isfahani, Haleh Mousavi; Aryankhesal, Aidin; Haghani, Hamid
Performance of different organizations, such as hospitals is mainly influenced by their managers' performance. Nursing managers have an important role in hospital performance and their managerial skills can improve the quality of the services. Hence, the present study was conducted in order to assess the relationship between the managerial skills and the results of their performance evaluation in Teaching Hospitals of Iran University of Medical Science in 2013. The research used the cross sectional method in 2013. It was done by distributing a managerial skills assessment questionnaire, with close-ended questions in 5 choice Likert scale, among 181 managers and head nurses of hospitals of Iran university of Medical Sciences; among which 131 answered the questions. Another data collection tools was a forms to record evaluation marks from the personnel records. We used Pearson and Spearman correlation tests and SPSS for analysis and description (frequency, mean and standard deviation). Results showed that the managerial skills of the nursing mangers were fair (2.57 out of 5) and the results of the performance evaluation were in a good condition (98.44). The mangers' evaluation results and the managerial skills scores were not in a meaningful correlation (r=0.047 np=0.856). The research showed no correlation between different domains of managerial skills and the performance evaluation marks: decision making skills (r=0.074 and p=0.399), leadership (correlation coefficient 0.028 and p=0.654), motivation (correlation coefficient 0.118 and p=0.163), communication (correlation coefficient 0.116 and p=0.122), systematic thinking (correlation coefficient 0.028 and p=0.828), time management (correlation coefficient 0.077 and p=0.401) and strategic thinking (correlation coefficient 0.041 and p=0.756). Lack of any correlation and relation between managers' managerial skills and their performance evaluation results shows need to a fundamental revision at managers' performance evaluation form. PMID:25716403
Hakkarainen, Pentii E.; Janhonen, Sirpa
Masters-level students in nursing education in Finland were assigned to study groups, each of which planned and implemented a course. Group work was videotaped and analyzed, revealing issues for teacher education related to the integration of research, education, and nursing practice and to conflicts over planning approaches. (SK)
Mitty, Ethel; Mezey, Mathy
A telephone survey of home care agencies and providers revealed a need for the following: evidence of the effectiveness of nurse practitioners in home care, regulatory and financial support for nurse practitioner home care, and development of home care agencies as clinical sites for training. (SK)
Gillham, David; Cheek, Julianne; Mills, Patricia
Describes a project that integrated use of a computerized nursing care database into the second-year undergraduate nursing curriculum to enable students to produce sound care plans; promote student understanding of the medical and health conditions which these plans addressed; and enable students to explore the premises and reasoning behind the
Defenbaugh, Nicole; Chikotas, Noreen E
The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the impact of standardized patient experiences (SPE) in the education of the Advanced Practice Nurse (APN). The education of the APN requires educators to make every attempt to promote competency in the areas of communication and clinical-decision making. SPE programs have been found to improve the interpersonal, problem solving, and critical thinking skills of nursing students. For this research twenty-nine APN students participated in SPEs over the course of two semesters. Fifteen student volunteers of those 29 participants were then interviewed three months after the experience. Results revealed that having an expert in the field of communication studies increased awareness of communication skills and how to improve nurse-patient encounters in the clinical setting. The interprofessional collaboration during the SPEs assisted in facilitating the application of learned communication skills into patient-centered care of the APN student. PMID:26122938
Álvaro David, Campos Palomo; Laura Deseada, Campos Palomo.
Full Text Available La dislalia, mal conocida como trastorno del lenguaje, es sin duda una de las patologías de la comunicación, concretamente del habla, más común en la infancia. A pesar de que en los distintos servicios de salud en los que presta sus cuidados la profesión de enfermería se encuentran niños con estas d [...] ificultades, la formación profesional tanto pre como postgrado es muy deficiente en lo que a patología de la comunicación respecta. Mediante una exhaustiva búsqueda bibliográfica actualizada en la Biblioteca Virtual del Sistema Público de Salud de Andalucía, se pretende dar a conocer los aspectos más relevantes de las dislalias con un objetivo púramente docente, lo que resultará en una mejora en los registros de enfermería, en el uso correcto de la terminología logopédica y en un avance en la coordinación interprofesional, consiguiendo con ello dar calidad e identidad a los cuidados de enfermería. Abstract in english Dyslalia, bad known as a language disorder, is undoubtedly one of the most common childhood speech communication pathologies. Although nursing provide health care to children with these difficulties along different services, pregraduate and postgraduate training regarding communication pathology is [...] very poor. Through an extensive updated searched literature in the Virtual Library System of Andalusia Public Health, is intended to present the most relevant aspects about dyslalia with pure teaching objective with the aim of improving nursing records, getting correct use in speech therapy terminology and achieving quality and identity in providing nursing care.
Ribbons, R M; McKenna, L G
The introduction of university based nurse education in Australia has nursing students spending more time in the classroom and less time in clinical settings. This decrease in clinical exposure may result in reduced opportunities for students to develop pertinent patient assessment and management skills. This is particularly true of skills required for effective wound assessment and management. Computerised databases offer an innovative method of teaching or refining these skills in a cost and time-effective manner without risk to patients or students. Such technology can also provide important grounding in data identification, hypothesis testing, problem solving and clinical decision making skills. This paper explores the underlying pedagogical principles of database use and describes the development of the prototype closed database, DECUBITUS. The prototype database included the following data fields; physical assessment, clinical diagnosis, risk assessment, wound assessment and treatment modality. The introduction of more sophisticated databases will permit the storage of visual images of actual wounds thus providing an additional dimension to the teaching of wound assessment and management. PMID:10175429
Macgowan, Mark J.; Vakharia, Sheila P.
Objectives: Accreditation standards and challenges in group work education require competency-based approaches in teaching social work with groups. The Association for the Advancement of Social Work with Groups developed Standards for Social Work Practice with Groups, which serve as foundation competencies for professional practice. However, there
Summarizes a report about professional credentials presented to the Australian Science Teachers Association (ASTA). Presents a rationale for the involvement of ASTA in the development of science teaching standards, a summary of the state of teacher evaluation, and a discussion of future options for ASTA's involvement in standards. (DDR)
This article examines pedagogical shifts in art history teaching that have developed as a response to the implementation of a standards-based assessment regime. The specific characteristics of art history standards-based assessment in the context of New Zealand secondary schools are explained to demonstrate how an exacting form of assessment hasâ¦
Kowalski, Kenneth; Chittenden, Edward; Spicer, Willa; Jones, Jacqueline; Tocci, Cindy
The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) has challenged test developers to create a voluntary program of certification in which highly accomplished teachers receive recognition for meeting rigorous standards. These four papers report the experiences of teacher-candidates, school district administrators, researchers, and test
Farrell, Thomas S. C.; Martin, Sonia
This article suggests that English language teachers should consider all varieties of English, not just British Standard English or American Standard English. In order to better prepare students for the global world, and to show them that their own English is valued, teachers can implement a balanced approach that incorporates the teaching and
Aipanda, Shuuya I.
Reading is central to all learning and should enjoy more attention than any skill associated with learning. Undoubtedly, reading difficulty has an adverse effect on learning and on acquiring of information in general. This dissertation is a proposal of teaching reading skills which enable students to read purposefully, to become self-reliant students and to have a beneficial effect on their command of the English language. Chapter One gives the historical background while Chapter Two identifi...
Luciara Fabiane Sebold; Silvana Silveira Kempfer
Objective: To identify how the use of active methodology may influence healthy habits in nursing students. Method: A qualitative Assistential Convergent Research, undertaken with 43 students of the Nursing Graduation Course, at a Federal University in Southern Brazil. Data were collected with a semi-structured tool, from May to July 2008. Data were organized into categories and analysed according to scientific publications in the area. Results: Three study categories raised from the study: Ch...
Hasan Çak?r, Barbara A. Bichelmeyer, Thomas Duffy, Alan Dennis, JoAnne Bunnage
Recent accountability movements in the education world gave rise to standards-based curriculum, which provides a teaching and learning environment with high quality instructional materials. An example to such learning environment is Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) program. This study investigates high school teachers perceptions and experiences of CCNA program in their classrooms. 357 high school teachers in the United States who teach in the CCNA program completed an online survey ...
Mohammad Parsa Mahjoob; Morteza Izadi; Ali Ayoubian; Sepehr Abbasi; Mohammadjavad Hosseinpourfard
Background and Objectives: Standard clinical documentation is an integral part of quality patient care. This study aimed to explore compliance of two Iranian teaching hospitals with the clinical documentation standards.Methods: A total of 400 records were surveyed. Data were collected using a checklist of standard measures. The checklist comprised 15 items selected from relevant guidelines from either the American Health Information Management Association or Iranian Ministry of Health and Me...
Full Text Available Recent accountability movements in the education world gave rise to standards-based curriculum, which provides a teaching and learning environment with high quality instructional materials. An example to such learning environment is Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA program. This study investigates high school teachers perceptions and experiences of CCNA program in their classrooms. 357 high school teachers in the United States who teach in the CCNA program completed an online survey measuring their perceptions about standards-based curriculum and testing. The results show that teachers generally accept standards-based curriculum and testing as a teaching tool, spend less time on student feedback and would like to see some features of the curriculum applied to other regular high school subjects such as mathematics and science.
Hasan Çak?r, Barbara A. Bichelmeyer, Thomas Duffy, Alan Dennis, JoAnne Bunnage
Full Text Available Recent accountability movements in the education world gave rise to standards-based curriculum, which provides a teaching and learning environment with high quality instructional materials. An example to such learning environment is Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA program. This study investigates high school teachers perceptions and experiences of CCNA program in their classrooms. 357 high school teachers in the United States who teach in the CCNA program completed an online survey measuring their perceptions about standards-based curriculum and testing. The results show that teachers generally accept standards-based curriculum and testing as a teaching tool, spend less time on student feedback and would like to see some features of the curriculum applied to other regular high school subjects such as mathematics and science.
The purpose of this updated manual is to define and describe standardized nursing languages, highlight how nursing languages are a part of the nursing process, and illustrate through case examples how nursing languages are used in school nursing practice. This manual also summarizes the history and development of three nursing classifications, the
MacMahon Tone, J
The aim of this research was to determine whether an intensive, nurse-led clinic could achieve recommended vascular risk reduction targets in patients with type 2 diabetes as compared to standard diabetes management.
Sanaz Sohrabi Zadeh
Full Text Available Background and Aim: Work engagement is defined as a positive, fulfilling, work-related state of mind that is characterized by vigor, dedication, and absorption. Since the quality of care delivery to patients depends on nurse's practices, the objective of this study was to determine work engagement & its effective factors among nurses of general hospitals of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was performed among 273 in-patient nurses of Namazi and Faghihi hospitals using 2 stages of sampling. Our questionnaire was validated by experts opinions and Cronbach's alpha index (86%. Descriptive statistics and correlation tests were used for the analysis of data by SPSS. Results: According to the results obtained, mean work engagement was 58.95 ± 10.51 and there was a significant correlation between work engagement and organizational - supervisor support, organizational justice, job characteristics, reward & recognition, organizational citizenship behavior, organizational commitment, job satisfaction, turnover( p<0.05. The relationship between work engagement and reward was the strongest(r=0.512. Conclusion: The results imply the importance of work engagement and its related factors. Nurses are one of the biggest health system groups, and their burnout disadvantages hospitals and community. Thus, work engagement should be noticed in all policy-making related to nurses.
Mitchell, M K
CHAP not only promises quality control for health care delivered in the community but also provides for nursing autonomy in regulating its own practice. Mitchell, the senior vice president of CHAP, explains. PMID:2733852
Nueva estructura para la enseñanza-aprendizaje de la materia de enfermería clínica en los estudios de Grado de Enfermería / A new structure for the teaching-learning of the subject of clinical nursing in Nursing Degree studies
Anna, Falcó-Pegueroles; M. Teresa, Luis-Rodrigo.
Full Text Available En el Grado de Enfermería, los cambios requeridos para la adaptación al Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior se han orientado a la introducción de novedades metodológicas que han propiciado la génesis de nuevos enfoques para la enseñanza y el aprendizaje, con el objetivo último de disminuir los des [...] ajustes que en algunas ocasiones se han detectado entre la teoría y la práctica. En esta línea, partiendo de las necesidades actuales de la formación en relación a la materia de enfermería clínica del grado y de las competencias profesionales, se inició un proceso de reflexión y análisis que originó una nueva estructura organizativa de la materia. Este nuevo enfoque nace con el objetivo fundamental de mejorar la docencia de la enfermería clínica, actualizando la forma de enseñar la enfermería y los cuidados enfermeros. Lejos del modelo biomédico centrado en la enfermedad que ha imperado hasta ahora, el nuevo enfoque parte de una visión profundamente enfermera y, en consecuencia, hace explícitos los cuidados de la persona con un trastorno real o potencial de la salud. Los resultados de la implementación de esta nueva estructura en la asignatura 'Enfermería clínica I' de segundo curso de grado ponen de manifiesto que hay una mejora en la precisión diagnóstica y en la etapa de planificación del proceso enfermero, así como en la identificación de la responsabilidad profesional en los ejes autónomo e interdisciplinar. Abstract in english In Nursing Degree there have been many changes for adapting to the European Higher Education Area aimed to changing methodologies, but have also given rise to new approaches to teaching and learning. Their ultimate goal is to reduce the maladjustments have sometimes been found between theory and pra [...] ctice. Based on the education needs in the field of clinical nursing and also in professional competences, began a process of reflection and analysis resulted in a new organizational structure of matter. This new approach starts with the fundamental objective of improving the teaching of clinical nursing, updating the way we teach nursing and nursing care. Away from the biomedical model focused on the disease that has prevailed until now, the new approach comes from a nursing perspective, and therefore, makes explicit the care of the person with an actual or potential health disturbance. The results of implementing this new approach to the subject 'Clinical Nursing I' in second year of degree studies, show that the new structure represents an improvement in diagnostic accuracy and planning in the nursing process and the identification of responsibility in the independent and interdisciplinary professional axes.
Nueva estructura para la enseñanza-aprendizaje de la materia de enfermería clínica en los estudios de Grado de Enfermería A new structure for the teaching-learning of the subject of clinical nursing in Nursing Degree studies
Full Text Available En el Grado de Enfermería, los cambios requeridos para la adaptación al Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior se han orientado a la introducción de novedades metodológicas que han propiciado la génesis de nuevos enfoques para la enseñanza y el aprendizaje, con el objetivo último de disminuir los desajustes que en algunas ocasiones se han detectado entre la teoría y la práctica. En esta línea, partiendo de las necesidades actuales de la formación en relación a la materia de enfermería clínica del grado y de las competencias profesionales, se inició un proceso de reflexión y análisis que originó una nueva estructura organizativa de la materia. Este nuevo enfoque nace con el objetivo fundamental de mejorar la docencia de la enfermería clínica, actualizando la forma de enseñar la enfermería y los cuidados enfermeros. Lejos del modelo biomédico centrado en la enfermedad que ha imperado hasta ahora, el nuevo enfoque parte de una visión profundamente enfermera y, en consecuencia, hace explícitos los cuidados de la persona con un trastorno real o potencial de la salud. Los resultados de la implementación de esta nueva estructura en la asignatura 'Enfermería clínica I' de segundo curso de grado ponen de manifiesto que hay una mejora en la precisión diagnóstica y en la etapa de planificación del proceso enfermero, así como en la identificación de la responsabilidad profesional en los ejes autónomo e interdisciplinar.In Nursing Degree there have been many changes for adapting to the European Higher Education Area aimed to changing methodologies, but have also given rise to new approaches to teaching and learning. Their ultimate goal is to reduce the maladjustments have sometimes been found between theory and practice. Based on the education needs in the field of clinical nursing and also in professional competences, began a process of reflection and analysis resulted in a new organizational structure of matter. This new approach starts with the fundamental objective of improving the teaching of clinical nursing, updating the way we teach nursing and nursing care. Away from the biomedical model focused on the disease that has prevailed until now, the new approach comes from a nursing perspective, and therefore, makes explicit the care of the person with an actual or potential health disturbance. The results of implementing this new approach to the subject 'Clinical Nursing I' in second year of degree studies, show that the new structure represents an improvement in diagnostic accuracy and planning in the nursing process and the identification of responsibility in the independent and interdisciplinary professional axes.
Green, Anita J.; Holloway, David G.
Interviews with nine nursing students revealed that they are able to define experiential learning, consider role playing the chief method, are aware of theory-practice issues, understand the importance of reflective practice, and view clinical supervision as an integral part of experiential learning. (SK)
Hallen, D.; Sangeetha, N.
The aim of the study is to find out the effectiveness of mind mapping technique over conventional method in teaching English at high school level (VIII), in terms of Control and Experimental group. The sample of the study comprised, 60 VIII Standard students in Tiruchendur Taluk. Mind Maps and Achievement Test (Pretest & Posttest) were
Sackes, Mesut; Trundle, Kathy Cabe; Flevares, Lucia M.
This paper discusses the benefits and limitations of using children's literature in introducing science concepts to young children. The manuscript also provides an overview of preschool science standards of 12 states and presents lists of appropriate children's literature suitable to use in teaching science concepts targeted in those preschool
Discusses National Board for Professional Teaching Standards certification, examining five problematic issues: lack of agreement on criteria for assessing teacher performance, slender evidentiary basis for assessment, the board's inability to authenticate or verify the accuracy of the materials received, secrecy surrounding the board's
Donaldson, Daniel P.; Kuhlke, Olaf
Consistent with developments in American education pedagogy, geography educators have made great strides exploring a wide range of high- and low-tech methods for teaching and learning geographic concepts. This article draws on a qualitative analysis of essays in which college students discuss tenets of the National Geography Standards in the
Maely, Ramírez Rodríguez; Irelis, Ruiz González; Maidely, Mena Ramírez; Dalvis, Naithe Pérez; Honay, Horta Arias.
Full Text Available Introducción: antes del 59, Cuba no tenía condiciones para la docencia, esto afectaba tanto a la formación del personal médico como de enfermería, limitando el ejercicio de la futura profesión. Posteriormente la enseñanza en enfermería sufre una gran transformación, con las primeras medidas revoluci [...] onarias: La salud, derecho de todos y deber del Estado. Servicios de salud al alcance de toda la población del país, en nuestra provincia, la tarea de enseñar a los estudiantes de la carrera, le es encomendada a la enfermera Olga Alarcón Ulloa, y es así que surge la primera escuela de enfermería y la primera docente en esta profesión. Objetivo: describir la vida y obra Olga Alarcón Ulloa, pionera de la docencia en enfermería en la provincia pinareña. Método: se realizó una investigación retrospectiva de corte biográfico, se utilizó la revisión documental y la entrevista así como se recogido material testimonial expuesto por la propia enfermera, como métodos empíricos y se aplicó como método científico el histórico lógico Resultados: se logra develar la vida de Olga Alarcón Ulloa, pionera de la docencia en enfermería de la provincia pinareña, como merecido homenaje en vida a quien exaltando los valores más genuinos de la profesión, evidencia en todo momento, la presencia de la enfermera en las luchas por los derechos civiles del pueblo. Conclusiones: el sentido del deber profesional y convicciones patrióticas convirtieron a Olga Alarcón Ulloa en la iniciadora de la docencia en enfermería en Pinar del Río siguiendo su impronta, el futuro de la profesión en la provincia está garantizado. Abstract in english Introduction: before 1959, Cuba did not have any conditions for teaching, which afected the training of medical staff in nursing, limiting the practice of the profession. The teaching of nursing then went through a great tranformation, with the revolutionary measures. Health care: a right for everyo [...] ne and a state duty, health care services to the hand of all the population, in our province, the assignment of teaching the nursing majors was given to Nurse Olga Alarcon Ulloa, and thus the first nursing school and the first teacher appear. Objective: to describe the life and work of Olga Alarcon Ulloa, a pioneer in nursing teaching in Pinar del Río Province. Material and method: a biographical retrospective research was carried out, by means of bibliographiocal research and interview, and the reading of testimony presented by the nurse herself, as empirical methods, and the logical-historical method was used as a scientific method. Results: the life of Olga Alarcon Ulloa was unveiled, a pioneer in nursing teaching in the province, as a deserved tribute to whom, outstanding the most genuine values of the nursing profession, evinces in every moment, the presence of the nurse in the struggles for the civil rights of the people. Conclusions: The sense of professional duty and patriotic convictions made Olga Alarcon Ulloa a pioneer who started nursing teaching in Pinar del Río Province. If her legacy is followed, the future of the profession in the Province is guaranteed.
Zethu Nkosi; Padmini Pillay; Kathleen M. Nokes
Background: Case-based education has a long history in the disciplines of education, business, law and the health professions. Research suggests that students who learn via acase-based method have advanced critical thinking skills and a greater ability for application of knowledge in practice. In medical education, case-based methodology is widely used to facilitate knowledge transfer from theoretical knowledge to application in patient care. Nursing education has also adopted case-based meth...
Abstract Background The internet is an important source of up-to-date medical information. Although several studies in different countries have explored the extent to which health science students use the computer and the internet, few researches are available on this subject in Nigeria. The aim of this study was to assess the uptake of computer and internet by health science students studying in the country. Methods One hundred and eighty three first year medical and nursing students of the ...
O'Neill, Thomas R.; Buckendahl, Chad W.; Plake, Barbara S.; Taylor, Lynda
Licensure testing programs in the United States (e.g., nursing) face an increasing challenge of measuring the competency of internationally trained candidates, both in relation to their clinical competence and their English language competence. To assist with the latter, professional licensing bodies often adopt well-established and widely
Full Text Available Teaching information literacy skills to prepare young adults for the demands of a technologically modern workforce requires collaboration between schools and libraries. Identifying opportunities to build bridges that enable smooth transitions for information literacy learning across content areas, standards, and institutions requires collaboration among librarians. Perspectives and discoveries of four librarians (secondary school, two-year technical college, and an undergraduate, graduate, and post-graduate degree granting university engaged in collaboration are examined. Collaboration resulted in a common framework for teaching information literacy skills designed with the goal of developing academic and workforce competencies including accessing, sorting, evaluating, and incorporating reliable information into daily lives.
Kao, Chia-Chan; Wang, Ruey-Hsia; Ying, Jeremy C; Lin, Yu-Hua; Chang, Feng-Yi; Chen, Kuei-Ying
The purpose of the study was to develop a Short-Form Chinese version of the Health and Safety Executive's Management Standards Indicator Tool that can be used to measure work-related stress among nurses in Taiwan. Three subscales (supportive climate, role perception, and workload) were developed from an exploratory factor analysis. The three-factor confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the model fit the data well. The evidence based on convergent validity was supported by a significant correlation between the Short-Form Chinese version of the Health and Safety Executive's Management Standards Indicator Tool and the job satisfaction subscale of the Chinese Patient Safety Attitude Questionnaire. Cronbach's ? values demonstrated internal item consistency for the Short-Form Chinese version of the Health and Safety Executive's Management Standards Indicator Tool. PMID:24371041
Full Text Available Background: Persons administering vaccines should follow necessary precautions to minimize risk for spreading disease. Nurses have a significant role in this process and are responsible for implementing several infection control strategies. Syringes and needles used for injections must be sterile and disposable to minimize the risk of contamination. The Centers for disease Control and prevention (CDC estimates that each year 384,000 needle sticks injuries (NSI and other sharp related percutaneous injuries are sustained by hospital based healthcare personnel, an average of over 1,000 sharp injuries per day. The estimate is not including other health care settings, such as emergency services, outpatient Clinics home based care and nursing homes.Objective: This study aims to identify the standard precaution and the Incidence of Needle Stick Injury Among nurses working in Maternal and Child Health Centers during Children vaccination in El-Minia GovernorateMaterial and Method: Cross sectional study was utilized to meet the aim of the study, this study was conducted in the ten(10 minister center of health (MCH at EL- Minia from May to August 2012, the Nurses participated in this study included (100 Nurses who are working in (M CH center after receiving their consents for participation. Observation checklist was done to observe the nurses performance before, during and after child vaccine and procedure toward universal precaution.Results: that the highest frequency of nurses were in the age intervals 30<40 years with main age (34.3 ± 9.4 all sample were females and secondary school degree in nursing. More than have of them 55%were having 10:20 years of experience in nursing, Relation between nurse's incidences of needle stick injury and their experience, show statistically significant differences. Also the relation between nurse's incidences of need stick injury and their training, were good with statistically significant differencesConclusion: The study showed a high prevalence of needle stick injuries and low of using standard precaution among nurses during vaccination the child so suggests that every MCH must have an infection control committee for observation the using of standard precaution and training the nurses for prevention of needle stick injury.
Full Text Available Introducción. Los procesos de acreditación, necesarios en el actual escenario de la educación, requieren una descripción de los conceptos de calidad como un parámetro básico desde donde se deriven dimensiones e indicadores evaluables. Tomando en cuenta la polisemia del concepto de calidad, parece ar [...] riesgado que las descripciones de dicho concepto se generen de forma arbitraria. Respondiendo a este riesgo y carencia de conceptos, el objetivo del presente estudio cualitativo es generar colectivamente una conceptualización de calidad de la docencia en enfermería. Sujetos y métodos. El surgimiento de conceptos que implica este estudio se logra a partir de la utilización de la teoría fundamentada. Las percepciones se obtuvieron mediante entrevistas en profundidad y grupos focales a docentes, estudiantes y licenciadas de enfermería, más el análisis recursivo de los datos obtenidos. Resultados. Los elementos constituyentes de la conceptualización de la calidad de la docencia en enfermería incluyen, entre otros: valores del docente, habilidades de comunicación interpersonal docente-estudiante, características particulares del modelamiento del quehacer enfermero y metodologías de enseñanza en enfermería. Conclusiones. Al obtener la conceptualización de la calidad de la docencia en enfermería desde las percepciones de los propios actores, su utilización en procesos de acreditación y evaluación (y en los cambios consecuentes que se puedan generar a partir de ello) podría ser aceptada de mejor forma por los mismos actores. Esto ayudaría, a su vez, a fortalecer los fundamentos de la disciplina. Abstract in english Introduction. Accreditation processes, necessary as they are for the actual stage of education, require a description of quality concept as the basic parameter from which dimension and valuable indicators are to be derived. Considering the polysemy of the concept of quality, it seems risky that desc [...] riptions of such a concept were generated arbitrarily. Responsive to this risk and conceptual deficiency, the purpose of this qualitative study is to collectively generate a quality conceptualization of nursing teaching. Subjects and methods. The emergence of concepts that the study reveals is accomplished by the application of grounded theory method. The reported perceptions were obtained in substantive interviews and focus groups teachers, students and Nursing graduated students, and the recursive analysis of the data. Results. The constitutive elements of Nursing teaching quality conceptualization includes, among others: values of Nursing teachers; abilities of interpersonal communication between teacher and student; particulars characteristics of modelling the Nursing work; and methodologies of teaching in Nursing. Conclusions. As we obtain the quality conceptualization in Nursing teaching from the perspective of the actors involved, its application in accreditation and evaluation processes (and the consequent changes generated from these), could be accepted in a better way by the same actors. And this could reinforced the foundations of the discipline.
Choi, Yeonja; Song, Eunju; Oh, Eunjung
This study aims to verify the communication skills training for nursing students by using a video clip on a smart phone. The study settings were the nursing departments of two universities in South Korea. This study was a quasi-experimental one using a nonequivalent control group pre-posttest design. The experimental and control groups consisted of second-year nursing students who had taken a communication course. The experimental group included 45 students, and the control group included 42 students. The experimental group improved more significantly than the control group in communication competence and emotional intelligence. Using a video clip on a smart phone is helpful for communication teaching method. PMID:25858200
Flávia Alves Ribeiro, Romanek; Maria do Carmo Querido, Avelar.
Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Justifica-se a realização da presente pesquisa baseando-se na relevância de serem pontuadas as estratégias das quais a equipe de Enfermagem possa lançar mão de modo a contribuir para o gerenciamento da dor, tendo em vista a pertinência que a dor assume como o 5° sinal vit [...] al. O objetivo deste estudo foi descrever quais as intervenções de Enfermagem a serem ensinadas como estratégias para o alívio da dor, de acordo com a percepção dos enfermeiros docentes. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de uma pesquisa descritiva e exploratória com enfoque qualitativo. O cenário foi um Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem e os participantes foram os docentes enfermeiros que lecionaram disciplinas de Enfermagem. Todos os participantes assinaram o Termo de Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido. Os dados coletados mediante entrevista semiestruturada gravada em áudio, foram posteriormente organizados em categorias. RESULTADOS: Da análise dos dados coletados emergiu a categoria O cuidado de Enfermagem como intervenção não farmacológica no gerenciamento da dor. Constituíram estratégias específicas de atuação da Enfermagem, no processo de ensino dos graduandos, cuidados complementares como a comunicação eficaz, o posicionamento e a mobilização do paciente e apoio com artefatos, somados ao acompanhamento dos seus familiares. CONCLUSÃO:: As intervenções de Enfermagem adotadas como terapias não farmacológicas no gerenciamento da dor constituíram as estratégias utilizadas pelos docentes no processo de ensino. Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study is justified by the relevance of highlighting strategies which may be used by the nursing team to contribute to pain management, considering the importance of pain as the fifth vital sign. This study aimed at describing Nursing interventions to be taught as str [...] ategies for pain relief, according to Nursing professors perception. METHODS: This is a descriptive, exploratory and qualitative study. The scenario was a Nursing Graduation Course and participants were Nursing professors teaching Nursing disciplines. All participants have signed the Free and Informed Consent Term. Data collected by means of semi-structured interviews recorded in audio were afterward organized in categories. RESULTS: From data analysis, the category "Nursing care as non-pharmacological intervention to manage pain" has emerged. Specific Nursing action strategies taught during the course were additional care, such as effective communication, patients positioning and mobilization and support with artifacts, added to family monitoring. CONCLUSION: Nursing interventions adopted as non-pharmacological therapies to manage pain were the strategies used by professors during the teaching process.
Maina, Geoffrey; Sutankayo, Lynn; Chorney, Raymond; Caine, Vera
Body mapping, an artistic method of narrating experiences alongside people living with HIV/AIDS (PHAs), was used to educate first year nursing students about social and personal aspects of the illness, including stigma. Body mapping creates a safe space where individuals can discuss personal, emotional, cultural, political and socio-economic dimensions of their lives in relation to HIV/AIDS. The aim of this study is to understand how individuals from multiple perspectives experience body mapping as an educational tool, including a nursing student, an expert facilitator, a PHA and a course professor. The stories they live and tell motivate and inform the content of this study. We conducted three individual in-depth interviews with a student, a PHA and an expert facilitator on their experiences of participating in body mapping. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed thematically. Field and observational notes were also collected and reflections have been incorporated in this paper. Three themes were derived from our analyses: 1) stock taking narratives, where body mapping serves as a mediator for reflecting, accessing and organizing past experiences; 2) transactional narratives where body mapping creates safe spaces within which relationships are created, and experiences are shared, and 3) give and take narratives that connote transformation of self as a result of participating in body mapping. In conclusion, the body mapping exercise as an educational tool is an opportunity to share experiences, and to learn about and to shift attitudes surrounding HIV/AIDS. Thus, body mapping can be a valuable tool for HIV education for first year nursing students. PMID:23714039
Manju Chhugani; P Jha; KL Caine
All couples should have the ability to decide how many children to have and when to have them. Nurses represent the critical link between the health system and communities, sharing family planning methods and information that can help women time and space their pregnancies. This information is often a matter of life and death for women and children. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends an interval of 24 months between childbirth and subsequent pregnancy in order to reduce the ris...
Park, Hyeoun-Ae; Cho, InSook; Ahn, Hee-Jung
To explore the usefulness of narrative nursing records documented using a standardized terminology-based electronic nursing records system, we conducted three different studies on (1) the gaps between the required nursing care time and the actual nursing care time, (2) the practice variations in pressure ulcer care, and (3) the surveillance of adverse drug events. The narrative nursing notes, documented at the point of care using standardized nursing statements, were extracted from the clinic...
Pollard, Cheryl L; Wild, Carol
Nurses must demonstrate leadership and followership competencies within complex adaptive team environments to ensure patient and staff safety, effective use of resources, and an adaptive health care system. These competencies are demonstrated through the use of communication strategies that are embedded within a relational practice. Health care professionals, regardless of formal position, need to assert their opinions and perspectives using a communication style that demonstrates value of all team members in open discussions about quality patient care, appropriate access, and stewardship. Challenges to effective communication and relational practice are the individual and organizational patterns of behavior, and the subsequent impact that these behaviors have on others. Students articulate situational awareness when they conduct a critical analysis of individual, team, and organizational functioning, and then use this information and evidence gained from a critical literature review to develop recommendations to improve individual, team, and/or organizational performance. Leadership and followership simulation exercises, inclusive of public feedback and debriefing, are used as a pedagogical/andragogical strategy in a nursing baccalaureate senior leadership course to facilitate learning of team communication skills and improve situational awareness. We view this strategy as an alternative to traditional classroom learning activities which provide little opportunity for recursive learning. PMID:25017299
Motshedisi E. Chauke
Full Text Available Introduction: Literature provides adequate evidence of a poor perception of nursing within the profession, resulting in high rates of attrition of student nurses and newly qualified nurses. The nursing profession, in particular nurse educators, has an ethical and professional responsibility to find innovative strategies to promote the positive image of nursing amongst student nurses.Purpose: The purpose of the study was to explore the potential of appreciative inquiry (AI as an intervention teaching strategy to transform student nurses image of nursing.Design: A quantitative, quasi-experimental, explorative-descriptive design comprising the pretest, appreciative inquiry as intervention, and the post-test was used.Methods: Convenience sampling was used to select third and fourthyear college and university student nurses in the Gauteng province of South Africa for the pre- and the post-test respectively. Data were collected by means of a questionnaire and analysed by SPSS version 20.0.Findings: The pretest results revealed a mix of positive and negative perceptions of the image of nursing amongst student nurses. The negative perceptions of the image of nursing that needed intervention included the working conditions of nurses, and the perception of nursing as a profession that was not respected and appreciated. The post-test results showed a significant and positive change in the student nurses perception of the image of nursing as a respected and appreciated profession. Although AI resulted in a negative to positive change in some aspects of student nurses image of nursing, the negative perceptions of the working conditions of nurses remained and became more negative. The positive image of gender in nursing was enhanced following the implementation of AI.Conclusion: Appreciative inquiry demonstrated potential as a teaching strategy to produce a positive nursing image change and positive orientation towards nursing amongst student nurses.
Jernnigan, Laura Jane
Few research studies have been conducted related to inquiry-based scientific teaching methodologies and NCLB-required state testing. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the strategies used by seventh-grade science teachers in Illinois and student scores on the Illinois Standards Achievement Test (ISAT) to aid in determining best practices/strategies for teaching middle school science. The literature review defines scientific inquiry by placing teaching strategies on a continuum of scientific inquiry methodologies from No Inquiry (Direct Instruction) through Authentic Inquiry. Five major divisions of scientific inquiry: structured inquiry, guided inquiry, learning cycle inquiry, open inquiry, and authentic inquiry, have been identified and described. These five divisions contain eight sub-categories: demonstrations; simple or hands-on activities; discovery learning; variations of learning cycles; problem-based, event-based, and project-based; and student inquiry, science partnerships, and Schwab's enquiry. Quantitative data were collected from pre- and posttests and surveys given to the participants: five seventh grade science teachers in four Academic Excellence Award and Spotlight Award schools and their 531 students. Findings revealed that teachers reported higher inquiry scores for themselves than for their students; the two greatest reported factors limiting teachers' use of inquiry were not enough time and concern about discipline and large class size. Although the correlation between total inquiry and mean difference of pre- and posttest scores was not statistically significant, the survey instrument indicated how often teachers used inquiry in their classes, not the type of inquiry used. Implications arose from the findings that increase the methodology debate between direction instruction and inquiry-based teaching strategies; teachers are very knowledgeable about the Illinois state standards, and various inquiry-based methods need to be stressed in undergraduate methods classes. While this study focused on the various types of scientific inquiry by creating a continuum of scientific inquiry methodologies, research using the continuum needs to be conducted to determine the various teaching styles of successful teachers.
Stanley, Mary Jo
Cultural competence is not limited to ethnicity, religion, or race but is inclusive of vulnerable groups, such as the homeless. The complex health and social issues related to homelessness requires educational instruction that supports students' ability to address and care for the multidimensional elements that surround this group. Exposure to homeless populations provides nursing students with increased awareness of the issues related to health disparities, while promoting introspective reflection on one's values and beliefs. To increase student exposure to working with homeless clients, a service-learning project using a critical social theory (CST) lens was offered at a homeless center. The students' response that clients were "just like" them, coupled with ambiguity regarding the complex social-economic-political issues surrounding the homeless, may indicate a need for further education regarding cultural understanding, sensitivity, and vulnerability. This project demonstrates the need for learning experiences that support advocacy and social responsibility for vulnerable groups. PMID:24040771
Masters, Joan C; Kane, Mary Frances; Pike, Mary Ellen
A tabletop simulation was developed as a patient safety activity that involved checking in a patient admitted to a psychiatric care unit. Students were second-degree (n = 79) and traditional (n = 53) BSN students. They were given suitcases or backpacks containing various items, and following a fictional hospital policy, they had to decide whether to give the items to the patient, place them in a secured area, or send them to the pharmacy or security personnel. The activity was evaluated using the Simulation Effectiveness Tool (SET) and two open-ended questions. Students reported that they found the simulation to be enjoyable and a good learning experience. Checking in a patient's belongings is not an activity students typically perform, but the simulation can help prepare them for situations they will experience in the workplace. This inexpensive activity can easily be adapted for staff orientation and competencies. [Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 52(8), 39-44.]. PMID:24972383
O ensino de enfermagem psiquiátrica e a lei do exercício profissional da enfermagem Enseñanza de enfermería psiquiátrica y la del ejercicio profesional Psychiatric nursing teaching process and the legislation affecting nursing practice
Full Text Available O presente trabalho trata dos questionamentos surgidos durante discussões sobre a lei do exercício profissional da Enfermagem e como ela tem sido contemplada no desenvolvimento do ensino teórico-prático da disciplina Enfermagem Psiquiátrica I, da Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade São Paulo.Este estudio trata de algunos asuntos acerca de la legislación de la práctica de la Enfermería Psiquiátrica. Fue analizado cómo los principios de la legislación han sido abordados en el proceso de la enseñanza de Enfermería Psiquiátrica.This paper presents some questions about the legislation that affects nursing practice. Authors analyzed how the principles of this legislation have been used in the psychiatric, nursing teaching process.
O ensino de enfermagem psiquiátrica e a lei do exercício profissional da enfermagem / Psychiatric nursing teaching process and the legislation affecting nursing practice / Enseñanza de enfermería psiquiátrica y la del ejercicio profesional
Sônia, Barros; Marli Alves, Rolim.
Full Text Available O presente trabalho trata dos questionamentos surgidos durante discussões sobre a lei do exercício profissional da Enfermagem e como ela tem sido contemplada no desenvolvimento do ensino teórico-prático da disciplina Enfermagem Psiquiátrica I, da Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade São Paulo. [...] Abstract in spanish Este estudio trata de algunos asuntos acerca de la legislación de la práctica de la Enfermería Psiquiátrica. Fue analizado cómo los principios de la legislación han sido abordados en el proceso de la enseñanza de Enfermería Psiquiátrica. [...] Abstract in english This paper presents some questions about the legislation that affects nursing practice. Authors analyzed how the principles of this legislation have been used in the psychiatric, nursing teaching process. [...
Full Text Available All couples should have the ability to decide how many children to have and when to have them. Nurses represent the critical link between the health system and communities, sharing family planning methods and information that can help women time and space their pregnancies. This information is often a matter of life and death for women and children. The World Health Organization (WHO recommends an interval of 24 months between childbirth and subsequent pregnancy in order to reduce the risk of adverse maternal, perinatal, and infant outcomes.
Full Text Available The South African education and training system, through its policy of outcomesbased education and training, has made competency a national priority. In compliance to this national requirement of producing competent learners, the South African Nursing Council ( 1999 B require that the beginner professional nurse practitioners and midwives have the necessary knowledge, skills, attitudes and values which will enable them to render efficient professional service. The health care system also demands competent nurse practitioners to ensure quality in health care. In the light of competency being a national priority and a statutory demand, the research question that emerges is, how competent are the newly qualified registered nurses from a specific nursing college in clinical nursing education? A quantitative, non-experimental contextual design was used to evaluate the competence of newly qualified registered nurses from a specific nursing college. The study was conducted in two phases. The first phase dealt with the development of an instrument together with its manual through the conceptualisation process. The second phase focused on the evaluation of the competency of newly qualified nurses using the instrument based on the steps of the nursing process. A pilot study was conducted to test the feasibility of the items of the instrument. During the evaluation phase, a sample of twenty-six newly qualified nurses was selected by simple random sampling from a target population of thirty-six newly qualified registered nurses. However, six participants withdrew from the study. Data was collected in two general hospitals where the newly qualified registered nurses were working. Observation and questioning were used as data collection techniques in accordance with the developed instrument. Measures were taken to ensure internal validity and reliability of the results. To protect the rights of the participants, the researcher adhered to DENOSAS (1998:2.2.1 ethical standards of research. A descriptive statistical method of data analysis was used in this study. Findings revealed that newly qualified registered nurses were not competent. The highest score obtained was 51 % and the lowest score was 22% with an average score of 34.05%. The results concerning the implementation of the phases of the nursing process indicated that participants were fairly competent in terms of knowledge, skills, attitudes and values of assessment. Participants had very little knowledge of nursing diagnosis and were not competent on the skills of diagnosis. Participants lacked basic knowledge, skills, attitudes and values of the nursing process. They lacked critical thinking skills in their approach to providing quality patient care. The recommendations of the study relate to improving the system of clinical accompaniment, reviewing the clinical facilities where learners are allocated, reviewing the implementation of the curriculum, the methods of teaching and the quality assurance mechanisms that are in place. Further research is recommended on competence of newly qualified registered nurses at other nursing colleges or similar context.
Full Text Available Nurse educators are considering the inclusion of complementary and alternative therapies in nursing curricula with increasing frequency, motivated at least in part by the ever-increasing public enthusiasm for these therapies. This article addresses the differing paradigms between orthodox Western medicine and complementary and alternative therapies, describing the research, language, educational, legal , financial, and ethical issues related to the use of complementary and alternative therapies. Additionally, it presents sources of current standards, along with examples of teaching these therapies at the undergraduate, graduate and continuing education levels and suggests strategies for teaching these therapies.
Schum, Paul A.
If international report cards were issued today, to all industrialized nations world wide, the United States would receive a "C" at best in mathematics and science. This is not simply a temporary or simple cause and effect circumstance that can easily be addressed. The disappointing truth is that this downward trend in mathematics and science mastery by American students has been occurring steadily for at least the last eight years of international testing, and that there are numerous and varied bases for this reality. In response to this crisis, The National Science Teachers Association (NSTA), The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), and The National Research Council (NRC) each have proposed relatively consistent, but individual sets of professional science teaching standards, designed to improve science instruction in American schools. It is of extreme value to the scientific, educational community to know if any or all of these standards lead to improved student performance. This study investigates the correlation between six, specific teacher behaviors that are common to these national standards and which behaviors, if any, result in improved student performance, as demonstrated on the Science Reasoning sub-test of the ACT Assessment. These standards focus classroom science teachers on professional development, leading toward student mastery of scientific interpretation, concept development, and constructive relationship building. Because all individual teachers interpret roles, expectations, and guiding philosophies from different lenses, effective professional practice may reflect consistency in rationale and methodology yet will be best evidenced by an examination of specific teaching techniques. In this study, these teaching techniques are evidenced by self-reported teacher awareness and adherence to these consensual standards. Assessment instruments vary widely, and the results of student performance often reflect the congruency of curricular methodology and explicit testing domains. Although the recent educational impetus for change is most notably governed numerically by test scores, the true goal of scientific literacy is in the application of logic. Therefore, the ultimate thematic analysis in this study attempts to relate both educational theory and practice with positive change at the classroom level. The data gathered in this study is insufficient in establishing a significant correlation between adherence to national science teaching standards and student performance on the ACT in Jefferson County, Kentucky, for either public or Catholic school students. However, with respect to mean student scores on the Science Reasoning sub-test of the ACT, there is statistically significant evidence for superior performance of Catholic school students compared with that of public school students in this region.
Estratégias de ensino das habilidades do pensamento crítico na enfermagem Estrategias de enseñanza de las habilidades del pensamiento crítico en enfermería Strategies for teaching the critical thinking abilities in nursing
Maria da Graça Oliveira Crossetti
Full Text Available Objetivou-se caracterizar estratégias de ensino utilizadas na enfermagem para desenvolver habilidades do pensamento crítico. Elaborou-se uma revisão integrativa nas bases de dados Web of Science e Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL, com os descritores critical thinking, nursing e teaching, no período de 1987 a 2008. A amostra constitui-se de 64 artigos e a análise permitiu a identificação de 27 estratégias de ensino do pensamento crítico aplicadas na enfermagem. Dentre estas, as cinco mais citadas foram: questionamento, estudo de caso, ensino online e aprendizagem interativa, mapa conceitual e aprendizagem baseada em problemas. Diferentes estratégias reveladas neste estudo evidenciam uma gama de possibilidades que poderão ser aplicadas no ensino e na prática clínica. Conclui-se que o desenvolvimento de habilidades do pensamento crítico por meio destas estratégias pode proporcionar a formação de profissionais mais críticos e reflexivos.El objetivo es caracterizar estrategias de enseñanza utilizadas en enfermería para desarrollar habilidades del pensamiento crítico. Fue elaborada una revisión integrativa en las bases de datos Web of Science y Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL, con los descriptores critical thinking, nursing y teaching, en el período de 1987 a 2008. La muestra se constituye de 64 artículos cuyo análisis permitió la identificación de 27 estrategias de enseñanza del pensamiento crítico aplicadas a la enfermería. Entre estas, las cinco más citadas fueron: cuestionamiento, estudio de caso, enseñanza online y aprendizaje interactivo, mapa conceptual y aprendizaje con base a problemas. Diferentes estrategias reveladas en este estudio evidencian una gama de posibilidades que podrán ser aplicadas a la enseñanza y a la práctica clínica. Se concluye que el desarrollo de habilidades del pensamiento crítico a través de estas estrategias puede proporcionar la formación de profesionales más críticos y reflexivos.This study aimed characterize the teaching strategies applied to nursing in order to develop critical thinking skills. An integrative review was elaborated on the Web of Science and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL data base, with the descriptors critical thinking, nursing and teaching, from 1987 to 2008. The sample comprised 64 articles and the analysis provided the identification of 27 strategies for teaching critical thinking in nursing. Among those, the most referred to were questioning, case study, online teaching and interactive learning, concept map and teaching based on problem solving. Different strategies described in the study revealed a wide range of possibilities which can be applied to teaching and to clinical practice. It was concluded that the development of the critical thinking skills through these teaching strategies can help nursing students to be more critical and reflexive.
Marta, Pernas Gómez; Magdalena, Zubizarreta Estévez; Maritza, Leyva Hidalgo.
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar la proporción en que se proyecta la utilización de los diferentes escenarios de formación docente-asistencial en los territorios del país para la carrera de Licenciatura en Enfermería. MÉTODOS: Se analizó y aprobó en los colectivos de asignatura de la disciplina Enfermería de [...] los diferentes centros de formación del país (CEMS) una propuesta de distribución en escenarios de atención primaria (APS) y secundaria (hospitales) del fondo de tiempo de educación en el trabajo que aparece en los programas propuestos por la Comisión Nacional de Carrera (CNC). RESULTADOS: Se aprecia heterogeneidad en la distribución de horas propuesta por los diversos CEMS para las asignaturas consultadas, aunque en todas, la mayoría de los CEMS -y en algunos casos, la totalidad- reconoce el hospital como escenario principal para la formación de enfermeros, tanto de nivel técnico como profesional. Varios centros no se pronunciaron sobre las actividades de educación en el trabajo en el período interencuentros, lo que debe ser objeto de análisis ulterior, por la importancia que se atribuye a esa parte de la formación en la estrategia del plan de estudio. CONCLUSIONES: Los profesores de estos colectivos de asignatura identifican al hospital como escenario preferencial para la formación. Se requieren otras investigaciones para buscar una caracterización de los factores asociados a la falta de proyección del tiempo de educación en el período interencuentros por algunas asignaturas y centros. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To characterize the ratio in which the use of different scenarios of teaching-assisting training in all the country for the Nursing Degree career is planned. METHODS: A proposal of distribution of primary care scenarios (PCS) and secondary (hospitals) of the education time reservoir in th [...] e tasks appearing in the programs proposed by the National Commission of Career (NCC) was analyzed and approved. RESULTS: There is heterogeneity in the hours distribution proposed the different NCCs for the looked up subjects, although in all of them, most of the NCCs _ and in some cases the total, recognize the hospital as the main scenario to nurses training at technical and professional level. Some institutions don't gave opinion on the work education activities during the inter-meetings period, which must to be subsequently analyzed due to significance of that part of the training in the study plan strategy. CONCLUSIONS: Professors of these subject staff identify the hospital like the training preferential scenario. Other researchers are needed to find a characterization of factors associated with the lack of projection of education time during the inter-meeting period by some subjects and centers.
SHIRIN HABIBI KHORASANI
Full Text Available Introduction: Medical student should be trained in medical ethics and one of the most essential issues in this field is taking informed consents. In this research, we compared the effect of effectiveness of teaching methods on students ability in taking informed consent from patients. Methods: This semi-experimental study was carried out on fifty eight subjects from the 4th-year students of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences who attended in medical ethics course before their clinical clerkshiptraining.Method of sampling was census and students were randomly allocated into two groups of control group (n=28 was trained in traditional lecture-based class and the case groupnamed as A1 (n=22 were taught by video-taped examples of standardized patient.Then A1 group attended in traditional lecture-based classes named as A2. The groups were evaluated in terms the ability of recognition of ethical issues through the scenario based ethical examination before and after each training. Scenarios were related to the topics of informed consent. Data were analyzed by SPSS 14 software using descriptive statistics and anova test. P-value less than 0.05 was considered as significant. Results: The mean scores results of A2, A1 and B group were found to be 7.21, 5.91 and 5.73 out of 8, respectively. Comparison between the groups demonstrated that the ability of taking informed consent was significantly higher in A2 group (p<0.001, followed by A1 group (p<0.05, while was the least in the B group (p=0.875. Conclusion: According to this research, lecture-based teaching is still of great value in teaching medical ethics, but when combined with standardized patient, the outcome will be much better. It should be considered that mixed methods of teaching should be used together for better result.
Cheng, Ching-Yu; Liou, Shwu-Ru; Hsu, Tsui-Hua; Pan, Mei-Yu; Liu, Hsiu-Chen; Chang, Chia-Hao
Team-based learning (TBL) has been used for many years in business and science, but little research has focused on its application in nursing education. This quasi-experimental study was to apply the TBL in four nursing courses at a university in Taiwan and to evaluate its effect on students' learning outcomes and behaviors. Adult health nursing, maternal-child nursing, community health nursing, and medical-surgical nursing were the 4 designated courses for this study. Three hundred ninety-nine students in 2-year registered nurse-bachelor of science in nursing, and regular 4-year nursing programs enrolled in the designated courses were contacted. Three hundred eighty-seven students agreed to participate in the data collection. Results showed that the TBL significantly improved the learning behaviors of students in both programs, including class engagement (p learning (p higher than the mean individual readiness assurance test (IRAT) score. The final examination score was significantly higher than the IRAT score, which means that TBL is effective in improving students' academic performance. The study revealed that TBL generally improves students' learning behaviors and academic performance. These learning behaviors are important and beneficial for the students' future professional development. The TBL method can be considered for broader application in nursing education. PMID:25150421
Full Text Available Abstract: The teaching of English in Indonesia has so far been unable to reach its declared goal, which is the students' mastery of the English macro skills listening, speaking, reading, writing. Various factors have certainly contributed to this failure, but the highly centralized curriculum has been one of the many to be blamed for it. The new system of regional autonomy gives ample opportunity to schools/ regions to develop their own curricula. This will lead to the need for the establishment of standard of English to ensure the achievement of the ultimate goal of teaching English throughout the country. This paper suggests that the development of standards for English should involve as many parties concerned as possible, including EFL teachers, EFL teacher educators, and users of school graduates. Another suggestion made related to the aspects to be covered in the standards, namely (1 the qualification of EFL policy makers, EFL teacher educators, and EFL teachers; (2 class size, (3 facilities and equipment, and (4 assessment and evaluation.
Instrumentos para la enseñanza del proceso enfermero en la práctica clínica docente con enfoque de autocuidado utilizando Nanda-Nic-Noc / Tools for teaching nurses in clinical teaching with the focus on Nanda-Nic-Noc
S.H., González Sara; N.E., Moreno Pérez.
Full Text Available La herramienta metodológica en la práctica científica de enfermería es el Proceso Enfermero, el cual nos permite emplear como método de resolución de problemas el pensamiento crítico, el uso de esta metodología ha venido a dar autonomía a la profesión y su uso es determinante en la práctica clínica [...] y la docencia. Objetivo: Desarrollar habilidades en la implementación desarrollo y evaluación de un diseño de enfermería con enfoque de Autocuidado, en la utilización de las taxonomías NANDA, NIC NOC. Metodología. Se analizó la Teoría del Déficit de Autocuidado y las etapas del Proceso Enfermero, se construyeron dos instrumentos: 1) Razonamiento diagnóstico: incluye las etapas de valoración y diagnóstico, y 2) Plan de cuidados: comprende las etapas de planificación, ejecución y evaluación del proceso enfermero. Resultados. Los instrumentos se aplicaron durante la práctica clínica de las áreas de Materno infantil, Adulto Mayor y Enfermería Comunitaria, participaron estudiantes y docentes, previo curso taller que incluyó: Teoría general del Autocuidado, Taxonomías NANDA, NIC, NOC y estructura y llenado de los instrumentos, los casos clínicos se presentaron en un foro al final de la práctica clínica. Conclusiones: los instrumentos se consideraron recursos que facilitan la enseñanza del PE en los estudiantes de enfermería que están incorporándose a las prácticas clínicas. Abstract in english The metodological tool for the scientific practice of nursing is the Nursing Process, which enables critical thinking in solving problems. The use of this methodology has bestowed autonomy on the profession and its use is important in clinical practice and teaching. Aim: To develop skills in implant [...] ing, developing and assessing a nursing design with the focus on self-care using NANDA NIC NOC. Methodology: The Self-Care Defecit Theory and the stages of the Nursing Process were analysed and two tools were constructed: 1) Diagnostic Reasoning, which includes valoration and diagnosis; 2) Care Plan: the planning, execution and assessment of the Nursing Process. Results: The tools were applied to clinical practice in the areas of Mother-child, Older Adults and Community Nursing. Students and teachers participated after following a workshop course on General Theory of Self-Care, NANDA, NIC, NOC Taxonomies and structure and content of the tools, Clinical cases were presented in a final forum on clinical practicea. Conclusions: The tools were considered to be resources that help in teaching the NP to students of nursing beginning to work in clinical practices.
Jayadevan Sreedharan; Jenny John Cheriathu; Mohamed Arifulla; Lisha Jenny John
Abstract Background and the purpose of the study Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are important public health problem with significant morbidity, mortality and financial burden on the society. Nurses play important role in medication safety surveillance through the spontaneous reporting of ADRs. Nurses knowledge, attitude and practice towards ADR reporting and factors affecting reporting was assessed in the study. Methods All nurses working in a tertiary care hospital, Ajman, UAE participated i...
Estratégias de ensino das habilidades do pensamento crítico na enfermagem / Strategies for teaching the critical thinking abilities in nursing / Estrategias de enseñanza de las habilidades del pensamiento crítico en enfermería
Maria da Graça Oliveira, Crossetti; Greicy Kelly Gouveia Dias, Bittencourt; Diego, Schaurich; Thaíla, Tanccini; Michele, Antunes.
Full Text Available Objetivou-se caracterizar estratégias de ensino utilizadas na enfermagem para desenvolver habilidades do pensamento crítico. Elaborou-se uma revisão integrativa nas bases de dados Web of Science e Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), com os descritores critical thinking [...] , nursing e teaching, no período de 1987 a 2008. A amostra constitui-se de 64 artigos e a análise permitiu a identificação de 27 estratégias de ensino do pensamento crítico aplicadas na enfermagem. Dentre estas, as cinco mais citadas foram: questionamento, estudo de caso, ensino online e aprendizagem interativa, mapa conceitual e aprendizagem baseada em problemas. Diferentes estratégias reveladas neste estudo evidenciam uma gama de possibilidades que poderão ser aplicadas no ensino e na prática clínica. Conclui-se que o desenvolvimento de habilidades do pensamento crítico por meio destas estratégias pode proporcionar a formação de profissionais mais críticos e reflexivos. Abstract in spanish El objetivo es caracterizar estrategias de enseñanza utilizadas en enfermería para desarrollar habilidades del pensamiento crítico. Fue elaborada una revisión integrativa en las bases de datos Web of Science y Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), con los descriptores cr [...] itical thinking, nursing y teaching, en el período de 1987 a 2008. La muestra se constituye de 64 artículos cuyo análisis permitió la identificación de 27 estrategias de enseñanza del pensamiento crítico aplicadas a la enfermería. Entre estas, las cinco más citadas fueron: cuestionamiento, estudio de caso, enseñanza online y aprendizaje interactivo, mapa conceptual y aprendizaje con base a problemas. Diferentes estrategias reveladas en este estudio evidencian una gama de posibilidades que podrán ser aplicadas a la enseñanza y a la práctica clínica. Se concluye que el desarrollo de habilidades del pensamiento crítico a través de estas estrategias puede proporcionar la formación de profesionales más críticos y reflexivos. Abstract in english This study aimed characterize the teaching strategies applied to nursing in order to develop critical thinking skills. An integrative review was elaborated on the Web of Science and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) data base, with the descriptors critical thinking, n [...] ursing and teaching, from 1987 to 2008. The sample comprised 64 articles and the analysis provided the identification of 27 strategies for teaching critical thinking in nursing. Among those, the most referred to were questioning, case study, online teaching and interactive learning, concept map and teaching based on problem solving. Different strategies described in the study revealed a wide range of possibilities which can be applied to teaching and to clinical practice. It was concluded that the development of the critical thinking skills through these teaching strategies can help nursing students to be more critical and reflexive.
Sneha Badwe Dhodapkar
Full Text Available Background: Cervical cancer is the second leading cause of morbidity and mortality among the females worldwide. India has the highest burden of cervical cancer patients, accounting for approximately one-fifth of the cases in world. Nurses being an important link between the doctors and female patients in OPD or wards, it is imperative that they should be aware of the facts about cervical cancer and especially of screening techniques which can be utilized in low-resource settings. Methods: A cross-sectional interview based study was done among 200 nurses of a tertiary care teaching institute from June 2013 to July 2013, to assess the knowledge and awareness of nursing staff regarding causes of cervical cancer and its prevention and early detection. Results: Among all participated nurses, 85% (n=170 were aware of the term cancer cervix and 45% reported that it is the most frequent gynaecological cancer in India. Only 30.6% reported that it is the leading cause of death among women due to cancer. Young age at first intercourse, multiple sex partners, cigarette smoking, high parity and lower socio-economic status were correctly responded by 13%, 48%, 16%, 9% and 13% of participants respectively, as risk factors for cervical cancer. None of the participants knew about the VIA method of screening for cervical cancer. Among 119 of those participants who knew that cervical cancer can be detected by Pap smear, only 5 (4% had ever undergone Pap smear examination. Conclusions: Nurses identify certain aspects of cervical cancer correctly but their knowledge is not adequate, hence necessary changes should be made in their curriculum. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2014; 3(4.000: 1056-1060
Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????? ?????????*???????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????? ???????????????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????????????? ???????????????????????????????? ?????????????????????????????????????????? ????????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????????????: ?????????????????, ?????????????* ?????????????????????????????????????? ??????????????? ????????????????Nursing Instructors and Work HappinessBoonyapa Pokasem*AbstractNursing instructors have several responsibilities, including teaching both in classes and clinics, providing academic services, conducting and developing research in response to teaching and learning activities as well as supporting and maintaining Thai culture. Moreover, paperwork for academic quality assurance and nursing institute accreditation also need to be prepared and completed. With this workload, nursing instructors have decreased their personal time. Proper time management for duties may influence the work happiness of nursing instructors. This article describes and discusses the definition and importance of work happiness, composition, assessment, influencing factors on happiness, as well as suggestions for i
Ragan, Joseph M.; Savino, Christopher J.; Parashac, Paul; Hosler, Jonathan C.
International Financial Reporting Standards now constitute an important part of educating young professional accountants. This paper looks at a case based process to teach International Financial Reporting Standards using integrated Enterprise Resource Planning software. The case contained within the paper can be used within a variety of courses
Fink, Arlene; And Others
This article describes standards setting in an evaluation of the structure of 15 of the nation's university hospitals who participated in the Teaching Hospital General Medicine Group Practice Program. Standards were (1) selected from many sources; (2) formed in a participatory, competing forum for discussion; and (3) set in advance of information
To improve the visibility of nurses in mass media, health communications content should be integrated into nursing education. Nurses equipped with advanced communication skills, media expertise and teaching strategies can empower the profession to influence the health care environment. (SK)
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Nursing students are exposed to a vast amount of information and reading material that is very specific, technical, and new to the students. Unless nurse educators provide a learning environment that promotes understanding through interaction, students might only commit unassimilated information to their short-term memory through rote learning, and no meaningful learning will occur. Nursing students must be able to link learned facts, concepts and principles with new knowledge in order to make sound rational decisions in practice (All & Havens 1997:1210, 1213. The aim of this paper is to describe the utilisation of concept-mapping as a teaching method to facilitate critical thinking by students in nursing education. The description of the utilisation of concept-mapping is done from the theoretical framework of concept-mapping and critical thinking to provide the epistemological basis for concept-mapping (Facione 1990:6, 13. Based on the exploration and description of the theoretical frameworks, four steps to facilitate critical thinking were formulated through concept-mapping on the basis of the educational process: the identification, interactive constructing process, formulation and evaluation steps. It is concluded that the utilisation of these steps will assist nurse educators to implement conceptmapping as a teaching method to facilitate critical thinking by student nurses in nursing education. Recommendations are made.
Verpleegkundestudente word blootgestel aan n geweldige hoeveelheid inligting en leesmateriaal wat baie spesifiek, tegnies en nuut is vir die studente. Tensy verpleegkundeopvoeders n leeromgewing kan voorsien wat deur interaksie die bevordering van begrip bewerkstellig, kan studente inligting deur papegaaiwerk in hul korttermyngeheue stoor, eerder as om dit te assimileer geen betekenisvolle leer sal dus plaasvind nie. Verpleegkundestudente moet die vermoë hê om die verband tussen aangeleerde feite, konsepte en beginsels en nuwe kennis te lê sodat hulle in die praktyk rasionale besluite kan maak (All & Havens 1997:1210, 1213. Hierdie artikel het ten doel om die aanwending van konsepkartering as 'n onderrigstrategie te beskryf, ten einde die kritiese denke van leerders in die verpleegkunde te fasiliteer. Die beskrywing van die aanwending van konsepkartering word vanuit die teoretiese raamwerke van konsepkartering en kritiese denke gedoen om die epistemologiese grondslag vir konsepkartering te voorsien (Facione 1990:6, 13. Gegrond op die verkenning en beskrywing van die teoretiese raamwerke, word vier fases vir die fasilitering van kritiese denke geformuleer deur middel van konsepkartering. Hierdie verkenning en beskrywing is gebaseer op die onderwysproses: die identifiseringsfase, die interaktiewe konstrueringsproses, die formuleringsfase en evalueringsfase. Die gevolgtrekking word gemaak dat die aanwending van hierdie fases verpleegopvoeders behulpsaam sal wees in die implementering van konsepkartering as 'n onderrigmetode om kritiese denke by leerling verpleërs te fasiliteer in verpleegkunde-onderwys. Aanbevelings word gemaak.
How to cite this article:
Chabeli, M., 2010, Concept-mapping as a teaching method to facilitate critical thinking in nursing education: A review of the literature, Health SA Gesondheid 15(1, Art. #432, 7 pages. DOI:10.4102/hsag.v15i1.432
Shankroff, Jan; Miller, Patricia; Feuerberg, Marvin; Mortimore, Edward
Currently, 1.6 million elderly and disabled people receive care in about 17,000 nursing homes across the United States. In 1987, Congress passed major nursing home reforms that defined the role of the State survey and certification process in determining the compliance of nursing homes with Federal standards. In 1998, the President announced new steps to increase Federal oversight of nursing homes' performance, including enhanced monitoring of poorly performing homes, collection of new fines ...
In order to promote the sustained and healthy development of teaching evaluation work, five changes should be brought about in the evaluation of the level of undergraduate teaching at China's institutions of higher education: Change teaching evaluation from a specific item of work to a system of a long-term and normative nature; change teaching
Full Text Available ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? Education Program courses have long been complained for lack of relationship and isolated branches of learning; and for the reason of teachers professional autonomy, different teachers teach the same subject may have different content. It is hard to predict whether the educational expertise can achieve pre-service teachers professional standards or not. The above phenomenon is unfavorable to maintain or improve the quality of pre-service teacher education. This study finds the Professional Standards for Preservice Elementary Teachers by analyzing the differences between Professional Standards for Elementary Teachers and the Professional Principles for Preservice Elementary Teachers. By comparing the common subjects among books of Chinese and English versions on Principles of Teaching and its relationship to the Professional Standards for Preservice Elementary Teachers, the researchers suggest a common teaching goal and the course content for Principles of Teaching, which would be helpful in planning and implementing a common content for Teaching Principles to enhance the quality of teacher education courses.
Alide Salazar Molina
Full Text Available Durante la segunda mitad del siglo XX se ha venido dando en la investigación científica y en la disciplina de enfermería un debate respecto de las diferencias y bondades de los métodos de investigación cualitativos y cuantitativos. El propósito de este artículo es analizar como se han ido desarrollando los abordajes cualitativos y cuantitativos en la enseñanza de investigación en los distintos niveles de formación en enfermería. La revisión bibliográfica relativa a esta temática publicada permite observar que existe separación entre abordajes metodológicos cualitativo y cuantitativo en la enseñanza de la investigación en enfermería en todos los niveles de formación. Se registran esfuerzos por articular ambos abordajes particularmente en el mundo anglosajón, siendo hasta el momento estos esfuerzos escasos y relativos al post grado en el contexto latinoamericano. Se concluye que sería deseable propiciar la inclusión de ambos abordajes en los planes de estudio.During the second half of the XX century, a debate related to differences and goodness of quantitative and qualitative research method has been under discussion in scientific research and nursing field. The objective of this article is to analyse the progress which has been made about qualitative and quantitavive approach in research teaching method in different levels of nursing education. Literature related to this published matter permits to realize there is a separation between qualitative and quantitative methodological approches in teaching research in nursing in all levels of education. Some efforts are recorded in order to insert both approaches in English speaking countries mainly. However, those efforts have been scant and relative in relation to the development of the PHD thesis in Latin America context. To sum up, it would be appropriate to provide both approaches inclusion syllabus.
Nurses care, help and support patients before they are born, when they are alive and after they die. The starting points of this study were how nurses provide physical care for the dead patients and psychological care for the bereaved families. The purpose of this study was to describe the role of a nurse when patients die. The aims of this study were that the results of the study could help the nurses clinical work and could be used as part of teaching material in post-mortem care or nu...
Wills, Margaret E.
A survey of 102 nursing students in clinical placements found the majority dissatisfied with the amount and nature of teacher contact. The most valued teacher behaviors were related to interpersonal skills and personality, nursing competence, evaluation, and teaching ability. (SK)
Full Text Available Aim: The study was conducted to evaluate use of over the counter (OTC drugs among the medical students, nursing and clerical staff of tertiary care teaching rural hospital to determine the awareness and disadvantages on use of OTC. Methods: Responses to a feedback questionnaire covering various aspects on usage of OTC drugs were obtained from 100 medical students, 100 nursing and 100 clerical staff. Results: Among 300 respondents, 84% used OTC, commonly purchased by self. Majority of them started self medication within 2 days of their illness. The frequently reported illness that prompted self-medication included headache, cough and cold, fever, generalised weakness, acidity, dysmenorrhoea, and sleep disturbances. Majority of them obtained OTC by mentioning name of drug (81%, 35% by telling symptom and 15% by showing old prescription. We found that 87% people share OTC among relatives and friends. Conclusions: Usage of OTC was highest amongst medical students and nursing staff. Time consumption for consultation, the consultation fees and frequent visits were the commonly mentioned reasons for self medication. It was analysed that none of the clerical staff were aware of the drug, dose, frequency of administration and adverse reactions. While very little awareness of medication was found even among nursing staff and medical students. Therefore it is suggested that the public has to be educated on the type of illnesses to be self-diagnosed and medicated, dangers of OTC on misuse which would possibly lead to delay in detection of more serious underlying ailment and timely medication. [Int J Res Med Sci 2013; 1(2.000: 83-86
Tatti, P; Lehmann, E D
In previous "Diabetes Information Technology & WebWatch" columns, various user experiences with an interactive educational virtual diabetes patient simulator, called AIDA, have been documented. The simulator is available free of charge from www.2aida.org on the Web. In the 5+ years since the program was first made available on the Internet, over 125,000 people have visited the AIDA Website and over 27,000 copies of the program have been downloaded, gratis. User comments that have been received about the program have highlighted some of the many and varied ways in which a range of people have been applying the diabetes simulations in their own particular situations and practices. Inevitably, up to now, a great deal of attention has focused on use of the program by individuals with diabetes and their relatives, as well as by health-care professionals such as diabetologists/endocrinologists, diabetes educators, and primary care physicians (general practitioners [GPs]). However, an important group of health-carers involved in the provision of day-to-day care for many people with diabetes are nurses. The current "Diabetes Information Technology & WebWatch" column overviews a workshop held in June 2001 in Italy to gain experience with application of the AIDA diabetes simulation approach as a teaching tool for student nurses. Feedback obtained from participants attending the workshop was generally very positive, with the student nurses reporting the simulation approach to be both of interest and of use. Further workshops involving other health-care students and professionals-in particular, medical students and qualified nurses-are planned. PMID:11911181
Ukey Ujwala U, Kambatla Ramasankaram, Dash Satyanarayan, Naidu NR Appajirao, Kulkarni Ved P
Background: Bio-medical waste collection and proper disposal is a concern for both medical and general community. Medical and Nursing students during and after completing their studies are at potential risk for hazards due to biomedical waste. Thorough knowledge about the subject will decide their practices. Hence the study was limited only to awareness assessment. Objective: To assess awareness in undergraduate medical and nursing students about biomedical waste, its hazards and management. ...
... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Nursing services. 51.130... FOR NURSING HOME CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Standards § 51.130 Nursing services. The facility management must provide an organized nursing service with a sufficient number of qualified nursing...
Implement the Common Core for ELA without all the stress A Non-Freaked Out Guide to Teaching the Common Core uses the often-neglected anchor standards to get to the heart of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS)-teaching students the skills they need to be college and career ready. Each anchor standard is broken down into its key points, and a discussion of each anchor standard''s central purpose helps outline the context for each required skill. This easy-to-read guide gives educators the kind of clear explanations, examples, and strategies they need to feel comfortable teaching the CCSS, an
van Kan, Carlos A.; Ponte, Petra; Verloop, Nico
George Kelly's repertory grid application seems a promising method for researching the moral significance of teaching from a "life world" perspective. However, we encountered several challenges employing the repertory grid in its standard form for an inquiry into the inherent moral significance of teachers' everyday classroom interactions. In this
Schultz, Carl H; Koenig, Kristi L; Whiteside, Mary; Murray, Rick
The training of medical personnel to provide care for disaster victims is a priority for the physician community, the federal government, and society as a whole. Course development for such training guided by well-accepted standardized core competencies is lacking, however. This project identified a set of core competencies and performance objectives based on the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required by the specific target audience (emergency department nurses, emergency physicians, and out-of-hospital emergency medical services personnel) to ensure they can treat the injuries and illnesses experienced by victims of disasters regardless of cause. The core competencies provide a blueprint for the development or refinement of disaster training courses. This expert consensus project, supported by a grant from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, incorporated an all-hazard, comprehensive emergency management approach addressing every type of disaster to minimize the effect on the public's health. An instructional systems design process was used to guide the development of audience-appropriate competencies and performance objectives. Participants, representing multiple academic and provider organizations, used a modified Delphi approach to achieve consensus on recommendations. A framework of 19 content categories (domains), 19 core competencies, and more than 90 performance objectives was developed for acute medical care personnel to address the requirements of effective all-hazards disaster response. Creating disaster curricula and training based on the core competencies and performance objectives identified in this article will ensure that acute medical care personnel are prepared to treat patients and address associated ramifications/consequences during any catastrophic event. PMID:21982151
História da Enfermagem: ensino, pesquisa e interdisciplinaridade La historia de la Enfermería: enseñanza, investigación e interdisciplinariedad Nursing history: teaching, research and interdisciplinarity
Maria Itayra Coelho de Souza Padilha
Full Text Available Este texto é uma reflexão sobre a importância da História da Enfermagem para a pesquisa e para o ensino da Enfermagem. Discute sobre os objetos da História da Enfermagem tratados por enfermeiras brasileiras e de outros países, cujos estudos enfocam, na sua maioria, o período pós-Florence Nightingale. Apresenta também a importância da interdisciplinaridade para a realização dos estudos históricos, considerando a relação desta com as demais disciplinas. Conclui afirmando que a problematização em torno dos desafios e tendências futuras sobre o ensinar, aprender e pesquisar a História da Enfermagem para todos os níveis é uma possibilidade de reduzir as insuficiências neste campo de estudo e mobilizar tanto docentes quanto discentes e outros interessados para a importância deste tema.En el presente texto se establece una reflexión sobre la importancia de la historia de la enfermería para la investigación y para la enseñanza de la Enfermería. En él se discute sobre los objetos de la historia de la enfermería tratados por enfermeras brasileñas y de otros países, cuyos estudios, en su gran mayoría, enfocan el período posterior a Florence Nightingale. En este estudio también se aborda la importancia de la interdisciplinariedad para la realización de los estudios históricos, considerándola en relación a las demás disciplinas. Se puede concluir afirmando que la problemática alrededor de los desafíos y tendencias futuras sobre el enseñar, aprender e investigar la historia de la Enfermería para todos los niveles, es una posibilidad de reducir las insuficiencias en este campo de estudio, movilizando a docentes, alumnos y otros interesados sobre la importancia de este tema.This text is a reflection upon the importance of nursing history in Nursing research and education. It discusses the objects of nursing history dealt with by nurses from Brazil and other countries, the majority of whose studies have focused on the post-Florence Nightingale period. It also presents the importance of historical studies, considering their relationship with other disciplines. It conclusion, it affirms that the problematization surrounding the future challenges and tendencies for teaching, learning, and researching within nursing history on all levels, offer a possibility for reducing the insufficiencies in this field of study, as well as for mobilizing faculty, students, and others who are interested in the importance of this topic.
In the teaching of physics at upper secondary school level (K10-K12), the students are generally taught to solve problems analytically, i.e. using the dynamics describing a system (typically in the form of differential equations) to compute its evolution in time, e.g. the motion of a body along a straight line or in a plane. This reduces the scope of problems, i.e. the kind of problems that are within students' capabilities. To make the tasks mathematically solvable, one is restricted to very idealized situations; more realistic problems are too difficult (or even impossible) to handle analytically with the mathematical abilities that may be expected from students at this level. For instance, ordinary ballistic trajectories under the action of gravity, when air resistance is included, have been 'out of reach'; in school textbooks such trajectories are generally assumed to take place in a vacuum. Another example is that according to Newton's law of universal gravitation satellites will in general move around a large central body in elliptical orbits, but the students can only deal with the special case where the orbit is circular, thus precluding (for example) a verification and discussion of Kepler's laws. It is shown that standard spreadsheet software offers a tool that can handle many such realistic situations in a uniform way, and display the results both numerically and graphically on a computer screen, quite independently of whether the formal description of the physical system itself is 'mathematically tractable'. The method employed, which is readily accessible to high school students, is to perform a numerical integration of the equations of motion, exploiting the spreadsheet's capability of successive iterations. The software is used to model and study motion of bodies in external force fields; specifically, ballistic trajectories in a homogeneous gravity field with air resistance and satellite motion in a centrally symmetric gravitational field. The article reports briefly on a study of the use of computers in the teaching of physics at K12 level in Norway, as part of an EU research project (for details, see the end of the article). It is demonstrated how the simulation software (the spreadsheet) is implemented in practice, for the systems that have been studied, and various responses of the students and teachers to this new and unfamiliar method for solving problems in physics are discussed. Some perspectives on the future of physics teaching at secondary school level are discussed.
Ukey Ujwala U, Kambatla Ramasankaram, Dash Satyanarayan, Naidu NR Appajirao, Kulkarni Ved P
Full Text Available Background: Bio-medical waste collection and proper disposal is a concern for both medical and general community. Medical and Nursing students during and after completing their studies are at potential risk for hazards due to biomedical waste. Thorough knowledge about the subject will decide their practices. Hence the study was limited only to awareness assessment. Objective: To assess awareness in undergraduate medical and nursing students about biomedical waste, its hazards and management. Methods: Data collection was done by a predesigned self administered questionnaire. Results: MBBS students had a fairly better awareness regarding the subject than nursing students. Almost all study participants were aware about colour coding in segregation of biomedical waste. But when asked about which waste is to be put in which bag, correct response was given by almost half amongst them. Conclusions: Practical implications related to the matter should be covered so that hazards of biomedical waste are avoided.
Full Text Available Objective:To analyze the problems existed in nursing students at different levels in the process of intravenous infusion, to make judgmental guide towards common problems in clinical teaching, to standardize nursing students operations at intravenous infusion, and to avoid errors and disputes. Methods: The authors analyzed the problems in secondary, tertiary, undergraduate nursing students in three levels at a provincial hospital from 2010 to 2012 during intravenous infusion therapy; and the clinical teaching administration means were also discussed. Results: the difference of the problems existed in nursing students at different levels is not significant. P values were greater than 0.05. The top five projects that lost scores are consistent. Conclusion: The key problems that can easily cause errors and disputes are those that mostly occurred in nursing students at intravenous infusion operations. In clinical teaching, judgmental guide on common problems should be emphasized, nursing students operations at intravenous infusion should be standardized, the critical awareness towards clinical operations should be developed, errors and disputes should be avoided, and nursing students sense of professionalism should be enhanced.
Full Text Available This examination is planned as an analytical, partial and experimantal examination targeting women normally given birth in order to examine the effect of nurse care to the patient satisfaction and quality of care which is given in postpartum period. The examination is naturally formed by 470 normally given birth women in the ministry of health of the Turkish Republic Dr.Ekrem Hayri Üstündag woman Diseases and Maternity Hospital between 01.04.2002 / 15.08.2003. The sample of the examination is farmed by 70 women chosen through an impossible sample method among women (between 20-30 ages,who are unless primary school graduate given birth in the Turkish Republic Ministry of Health Dr.Ekrem Hayri Üstündag woman diseases and maternity hospital between 01.04.2003-15.08.2003. Women are matched with two groups:an experiment (35 persons and a control of ( 35 person the examination is explained to the women by the researcher and their oral approval is taken for their participation. In the evaluation of thedatas received,number percentage,kisquare,The test of the importance of the difference between two averages double directed varyansanalysis and bonferroni test. There has been no noticeabledifferences found concerning womens socio-demographic characteristics participating to the experiment and to control groups.Experiment and control groups considering their nurse care have founded that the average number to reach the target is 67.62 ± 4,20 for the control groups and the differences (student test among the average numbers to reach the target taken by the experiment and control grups for each standarts are considered statistically meaningful (t=0.000, p<0.0001The distribution of women is examined according to their satisfaction of the nurse care they had taken in the hospital and it is considered that women in the experiment group is satisfied about nurse care.The difference between the two groups is considered statistically meaningful. (x2=30.600, SD=2,P=0.000<0.05. Acording to the sesults of the examination it is precised that standard nurse care increases patient satisfaction in reaching targeted final criterias.It is proposed for the increase of the quality of care given to the patients and the improvement of the nursing standards for every age and for every patient for providing practical use of these in the clinics and for providing studies examining the effect of the care quality.
Graves, Judith R.; Corcoran, Sheila
In order to empirically identify data elements for content of a Clinical Nursing Information System serving cardiovascular nurses, the question âWhat supplemental information (or data, or knowledge) do nurses seek in order to make decisions about patient care?â was asked. Data was collected from nurses working all shifts in three different agencies: a community hospital, a large private teaching hospital, and a large public teaching hospital. For each instance of supplemental information-seek...
The purpose of this study was to examine emergency department (ED) nurses\\' attitudes towards individuals presenting with deliberate self-harm (DSH), including the relationship between attitudes and factors such as age, academic achievements, length of experience, and self-harm education.
Rosalba Cárdenas Ramos
Full Text Available This paper focuses on the need to formulate and implement a proposal for opportunity-to-learn standards (OTL in the field of language learning and teaching in Colombia, with the aim of ensuring the necessary conditions for the implementation and achievement of the performance standards, issued by the Ministry of Education as part of the National Bilingual Program in this area. First, it reviews the concept, origins, composition and models of OTL standards, and then it examines the Colombian situation to make a case for OTL in this country.
Caridad, Llanes Betancourt; Olga María, Rivero González.
Full Text Available La acreditación de carreras de pre y posgrado de enfermería es la certificación pública que se otorga a aquellas que cumplen con criterios de calidad previamente definidos. Ella se obtiene como resultado de un proceso voluntario que considera 3 etapas: auto-evaluación, evaluación externa y juicio de [...] acreditación. El propósito de este trabajo fue describir los elementos que integran el proceso de acreditación de las carreras universitarias de enfermería. Se realizó una revisión documental sobre indicadores de calidad en la formación de profesionales de enfermería. Se exponen elementos relacionados con la acreditación de enfermería en diferentes países y la acreditación en el marco de un sistema de regulación y aseguramiento de la calidad. Se concluyó que las universidades de Ciencias Médicas están comprometidas a trabajar en busca de la excelencia académica ya que al existir todos los programas de pre y posgrados acreditados, la calidad de la atención de enfermería es superior . Abstract in english The accreditation of pre and postgraduate nursing careers is the public certification granted to those that fulfilled with previously defined quality criteria. It is obtained as a result of a 3-stage voluntary process: self-evaluation, external evaluation and accreditation judgment. The purpose of t [...] his paper is to describe the elements included in the accreditation process of university nursing careers. A documental review on the health indicators in the nursing professionals training was made. Some elements related to nursing accreditation in different countries and to accreditation in the framework of a system of regulation and assurance of quality are exposed. It was concluded that the medical sciences universities are committed to work in the search of academic excellence, since having all the pre-and postgraduate syllabuses accredited, the quality of nursing care is higher.
Caridad Llanes Betancourt
Full Text Available La acreditación de carreras de pre y posgrado de enfermería es la certificación pública que se otorga a aquellas que cumplen con criterios de calidad previamente definidos. Ella se obtiene como resultado de un proceso voluntario que considera 3 etapas: auto-evaluación, evaluación externa y juicio de acreditación. El propósito de este trabajo fue describir los elementos que integran el proceso de acreditación de las carreras universitarias de enfermería. Se realizó una revisión documental sobre indicadores de calidad en la formación de profesionales de enfermería. Se exponen elementos relacionados con la acreditación de enfermería en diferentes países y la acreditación en el marco de un sistema de regulación y aseguramiento de la calidad. Se concluyó que las universidades de Ciencias Médicas están comprometidas a trabajar en busca de la excelencia académica ya que al existir todos los programas de pre y posgrados acreditados, la calidad de la atención de enfermería es superior .The accreditation of pre and postgraduate nursing careers is the public certification granted to those that fulfilled with previously defined quality criteria. It is obtained as a result of a 3-stage voluntary process: self-evaluation, external evaluation and accreditation judgment. The purpose of this paper is to describe the elements included in the accreditation process of university nursing careers. A documental review on the health indicators in the nursing professionals training was made. Some elements related to nursing accreditation in different countries and to accreditation in the framework of a system of regulation and assurance of quality are exposed. It was concluded that the medical sciences universities are committed to work in the search of academic excellence, since having all the pre-and postgraduate syllabuses accredited, the quality of nursing care is higher.
Full Text Available Abstract Background Makerere University College of Health Sciences (MakCHS in Uganda is undergoing a major reform to become a more influential force in society. It is important that its medicine and nursing graduates are equipped to best address the priority health needs of the Ugandan population, as outlined in the governments Health Sector Strategic Plan (HSSP. The assessment identifies critical gaps in the core competencies of the MakCHS medicine and nursing and ways to overcome them in order to achieve HSSP goals. Methods Documents from the Uganda Ministry of Health were reviewed, and medicine and nursing curricula were analyzed. Nineteen key informant interviews (KII and seven focus group discussions (FGD with stakeholders were conducted. The data were manually analyzed for emerging themes and sub-themes. The study team subsequently used the checklists to create matrices summarizing the findings from the KIIs, FGDs, and curricula analysis. Validation of findings was done by triangulating information from the different data collection methods. Results The core competencies that medicine and nursing students are expected to achieve by the end of their education were outlined for both programs. The curricula are in the process of reform towards competency-based education, and on the surface, are well aligned with the strategic needs of the country. But implementation is inadequate, and can be changed: Learning objectives need to be more applicable to achieving competencies. Learning experiences need to be more relevant for competencies and setting in which students will work after graduation (i.e. not just clinical care in a tertiary care facility. Student evaluation needs to be better designed for assessing these competencies. Conclusion MakCHS has made a significant attempt to produce relevant, competent nursing and medicine graduates to meet the community needs. Ways to make them more effective though deliberate efforts to apply a competency-based education are possible.
Rehrig, Scott T; Powers, Kinga; Jones, Daniel B
The time-honored training methods of surgery are rapidly being replaced with new teaching tools that are being integrated into residency and recredentialing standards. Numerous factors including societal, professional, and legal have all forced surgical training programs to seek alternative methods of training residents. Learning theories that have provided the basis for open surgical skills training have been modified and culminated in the theory of automaticity and the "pretrained" laparoscopic novice. A vast array of simulators exist for training, ranging from inanimate video trainers, human patient simulators, to more recently virtual reality (VR) computer-based trainers. Currently, inanimate trainers are deployed widely throughout surgical training programs and serve as the primary platform for laparoscopic skills training. As technology evolves, VR systems have become available, allowing for more complex skills training with realistic computer-generated anatomic structures. Using the theories of crisis management and crew resource management, simulation is moving from simple skills training to whole-team training in mock operating room environments. Looking to the near future, medical training will continue to evolve to meet the changing demands of society and professional responsibility to ensure patient safety. With the advent of accredited skills-training centers endorsed by the American College of Surgeons, simulation will be the catalyst for these continuing changes. PMID:18004630
Myriam A. Mandetta Pettengill
Full Text Available As autoras fazem uma reflexÃ£o situando o professor de enfermagem nas diferentes abordagens pedagÃ³gicas Tradicional, Cognitivista, Comportamentalista, Humanista, e SÃ³cio-Cultural, com o objetivo de analisar sua aplicaÃ§Ã£o no ensino de enfermagem, contribuindo para que o professor reflita sobre sua prÃ¡tica e a exerÃ§a de forma criativa e inovadora.This paper reviews important aspects about teaching nursing, in order to give nursing professionals an outline of the present pedagogical approaches (Traditional, Cognitivist, Behaviorist, Humanistic, Sociocultural, so that they can reflect upon their role as educators.
Marcum, Julie; Ridenour, Maureen; Shaff, Gaye; Hammons, Mary; Taylor, Monica
Of 124 acute care nurses, 97% felt that patient education was a priority. Inhibiting factors were time, staffing, and patient receptiveness. Enhancers included having time to teach, receiving effective teaching guidance materials, and having access to teaching resources. (SK)
Pless, B S; Clayton, G M
Nursing must chart a course between the pedagogical extremes of process versus content-focused courses. No one would deny the fact that nurses must have a solid knowledge base in addition to demonstrating an ability to think critically. Reason favors a "both-and" rather than an "either-or" approach to this issue. Justifiably, nurses have jumped on the bandwagon of critical thinking. Once on the bandwagon, however, the elusive butterfly of critical thinking has been difficult to net. It is time to inform the driver that a new course for nursing must be charted. So far, the reported nursing research has focused on critical thinking conceptualized as a score on a broad, objective test. The important first step of establishing a clear concept that defines critical thinking in nursing has not been accomplished. Finding out what the expert nurse does with knowledge will help us to articulate a conception of critical thinking that can then be used as a springboard for various teaching strategies. If educators are persuaded that "students can and should think their way through the content of their courses, can and should gain some grasp of the logic of what they study, can and should develop explicit intellectual standards, then they can find many ways to move instruction in this direction" (Barnes, 1992, p. 22). PMID:8277352
Wolf, Z R
Types of nursing rituals identified in this study include therapeutic and occupational rituals. Therapeutic rituals (Douglas, 1963, 1966, 1975; Turner, 1957, 1967, 1969) are identified as symbolic healing actions that improve the condition of patients. Occupational rituals or rituals of socialization include symbolic actions that facilitate the transition of professional neophytes into their professional role (Bosk, 1980; Fox, 1979; Zerubavel, 1979). Nursing rituals fulfill an important although not highly visible function in a nursing unit of a modern American hospital. They enable nurses to carry out caring activities for patients who are acutely or chronically ill, old, and dying. Rituals help to reaffirm values and beliefs of nurses. Explication of the implicit meanings of nursing rituals illuminates nursing for nurses and others who seek to understand nursing services. Descriptive analyses of nursing rituals direct attention to the hidden work of the hospital staff nurse, work sometimes taken for granted by professionals and the public who fail to see the many difficult, intimate, and risky aspects of nursing work and how certain ritual behavior promotes its accomplishment. Other studies on nursing ritual are needed to expand the theory of nursing ritual in this descriptive analysis, and to move it from descriptive to explanatory theory. For example, the transmission of the beliefs, rules of conduct, and customs that take place during change-of-shift report has not been extensively investigated. Neither have the more practical aspects of shift report been studied, including the types of information exchanged or the influence of shift report on planning and priority setting for the nurses who work during the ensuing shift. Also, few empirical studies examine the effects of bathing on patient outcomes, such as skin integrity, cardiac function, and comfort levels, and patient bathing preferences. This is surprising, because the bath is such an essential ritual for the nursing profession and is thought to help patients. Nursing's close association with profane materials, including excretions and secretions, has most likely affected society's perception of the role of nurse. Investigations about these influences may reveal valuable insights into some of the status problems that nurses have encountered for many years. Equally important is the association of nurses with death. Although nurses are frustrated with the intrusion of hospital technology on patients' deaths, they have not yet established themselves as standard setters for helping patients achieve tranquil deaths.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) PMID:7504237
Maria Cristina Faber BOOG
Full Text Available Este trabalho consiste em uma pesquisa realizada com o propósito de aprimorar o ensino de Nutrição, adequando-o às necessidades específicas de graduandos de Enfermagem. Para a coleta de dados, foi aplicado um questionário a 30 docentes. As respostas foram analisadas qualitativamente, empregando-se a técnica de análise de conteúdo. Foram identificados seis eixos em torno dos quais foram aglutinadas as expectativas dos docentes: segurança alimentar e nutricional, qualidade de vida, problema alimentar, processo de cuidado nutricional, papel profissional/interdisciplinaridade e conteúdos técnicos específicos. As conclusões apontam a necessidade de o ensino ultrapassar a ministração de conteúdos estritamente técnicos, pois ele deve preparar o aluno para analisar criticamente as situações que exigem intervenções específicas do campo da nutrição e para agir interdisciplinarmente.This article describes a research to improve nutrition teaching, adapting it to the specific needs of nursing students. The data were obtained through a questionnaire filled by 30 professors. The answers were analyzed by a qualitative method, applying the content analysis technique and were assembled in six groups in which the expectation of the professors were gathered: food and nutrition security, life quality, feeding problem, nutritional care process, professional role/interdisciplinarity and specific technical contents. The conclusions point out that teaching must go beyond pure technical contents, and must prepare the students to critically analyze situations where interventions in nutrition field are required and to act in an interdisciplinary manner.
Maria Cristina Faber, BOOG.
Full Text Available Este trabalho consiste em uma pesquisa realizada com o propósito de aprimorar o ensino de Nutrição, adequando-o às necessidades específicas de graduandos de Enfermagem. Para a coleta de dados, foi aplicado um questionário a 30 docentes. As respostas foram analisadas qualitativamente, empregando-se a [...] técnica de análise de conteúdo. Foram identificados seis eixos em torno dos quais foram aglutinadas as expectativas dos docentes: segurança alimentar e nutricional, qualidade de vida, problema alimentar, processo de cuidado nutricional, papel profissional/interdisciplinaridade e conteúdos técnicos específicos. As conclusões apontam a necessidade de o ensino ultrapassar a ministração de conteúdos estritamente técnicos, pois ele deve preparar o aluno para analisar criticamente as situações que exigem intervenções específicas do campo da nutrição e para agir interdisciplinarmente. Abstract in english This article describes a research to improve nutrition teaching, adapting it to the specific needs of nursing students. The data were obtained through a questionnaire filled by 30 professors. The answers were analyzed by a qualitative method, applying the content analysis technique and were assemble [...] d in six groups in which the expectation of the professors were gathered: food and nutrition security, life quality, feeding problem, nutritional care process, professional role/interdisciplinarity and specific technical contents. The conclusions point out that teaching must go beyond pure technical contents, and must prepare the students to critically analyze situations where interventions in nutrition field are required and to act in an interdisciplinary manner.
... nurses, or APNs) have a master's degree in nursing (MS or MSN) and board certification in their ... Nurse Practitioners (NAPNAP) and through local hospitals or nursing schools. In addition, many doctors share office space ...
... Revised Position Statement on Nurses Role in Capital Punishment 03/11/16 ANA Conference March 10: Nurses ... org Subscribe to ANA SmartBrief and eNewsletters Related Organizations Constituent and State Nurses Associations American Nurses Credentialing ...
This article emphasises the importance of effective presentation skills. Such skills allow nurses to share knowledge and expertise and to communicate clearly in a range of workplace scenarios. Nurses are increasingly being asked to present in formal and informal situations, such as conferences, poster presentations, job interviews, case reports and ward-based teaching. This article explores the principles underpinning the development of these skills, discusses the situations in which they could be applied and demonstrates how nurses might improve and develop as presenters. PMID:25690236
ADRIANA KATIA, CORRÊA; MARIA CONCEIÇÃO, BERNARDO DE MELLO E SOUZA; TOYOKO, SAEKI.
Full Text Available El contexto actual de la enseñanza de graduación en la enfermería brasileña apunta a la necesidad de repensar la formación profesional, incluyendo cambios curriculares con énfasis en la articulación teórico-práctica y en estrategias de enseñanza activas con enfoque vivencial, buscando una actuación [...] crítica, humana y creativa. Cabe destacar que el Informe para la UNESCO de la Comisión Internacional sobre la Educación para el Siglo XXI (Delors, 2001) indica cuatro pilares básicos esenciales orientadores de la política educacional de todos los países: aprender a conocer, aprender a vivir juntos, aprender a hacer y aprender a ser. La propuesta de este estudio es reflexionar sobre el uso del psicodrama pedagógico como estrategia para la enseñanza en enfermería. El psicodrama aplicado a la educación posibilita el desarrollo de la espontaneidad, creatividad y sensibilidad necesarias para el ejercicio del trabajo grupal, involucrando la comprensión de las relaciones humanas. Lo cotidiano en salud demanda que el profesional movilice recursos y conocimientos para reconocer las singularidades de las situaciones, lo que se relaciona con el desarrollo de la espontaneidad y la creatividad. Abstract in english The current context of Brazilian undergraduate nursing teaching points out the need to reconsider professional education, involving curricular changes with an emphasis on the articulation between theory and practice and on active teaching strategies that focus on experiences, with a view to a critic [...] al, humane and creative performance. It should be highlighted that the International Commissions Report for UNESCO on education for the XXIst century (Delors, 2001) indicates four essential basic pillars to guide educational policies in all countries: learning to know, learning to live together, learning to do and learning to be. This study aims to reflect on the use of pedagogical psychodrama as a strategy for nursing teaching. The application of psychodrama to education allows for the development of the necessary spontaneity, creativity and sensibility for group work exercises, involving the understanding of human relations. Day-to-day work in the health sector requires professionals to mobilize resources and knowledge to recognize the particularities of each situation, which is related to the development of spontaneity and creativity.
ADRIANA KATIA CORRÊA
Full Text Available El contexto actual de la enseñanza de graduación en la enfermería brasileña apunta a la necesidad de repensar la formación profesional, incluyendo cambios curriculares con énfasis en la articulación teórico-práctica y en estrategias de enseñanza activas con enfoque vivencial, buscando una actuación crítica, humana y creativa. Cabe destacar que el Informe para la UNESCO de la Comisión Internacional sobre la Educación para el Siglo XXI (Delors, 2001 indica cuatro pilares básicos esenciales orientadores de la política educacional de todos los países: aprender a conocer, aprender a vivir juntos, aprender a hacer y aprender a ser. La propuesta de este estudio es reflexionar sobre el uso del psicodrama pedagógico como estrategia para la enseñanza en enfermería. El psicodrama aplicado a la educación posibilita el desarrollo de la espontaneidad, creatividad y sensibilidad necesarias para el ejercicio del trabajo grupal, involucrando la comprensión de las relaciones humanas. Lo cotidiano en salud demanda que el profesional movilice recursos y conocimientos para reconocer las singularidades de las situaciones, lo que se relaciona con el desarrollo de la espontaneidad y la creatividad.The current context of Brazilian undergraduate nursing teaching points out the need to reconsider professional education, involving curricular changes with an emphasis on the articulation between theory and practice and on active teaching strategies that focus on experiences, with a view to a critical, humane and creative performance. It should be highlighted that the International Commissions Report for UNESCO on education for the XXIst century (Delors, 2001 indicates four essential basic pillars to guide educational policies in all countries: learning to know, learning to live together, learning to do and learning to be. This study aims to reflect on the use of pedagogical psychodrama as a strategy for nursing teaching. The application of psychodrama to education allows for the development of the necessary spontaneity, creativity and sensibility for group work exercises, involving the understanding of human relations. Day-to-day work in the health sector requires professionals to mobilize resources and knowledge to recognize the particularities of each situation, which is related to the development of spontaneity and creativity.
Vanessa Ribeiro, Neves; Maria Cristina, Sanna.
Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Quantificar e descrever as características da produção científica sobre o ensino da liderança em enfermagem quanto ao tipo de publicação, ano, veículo, país, idioma e temática abordada. MÉTODOS: Estudo descritivo, do tipo bibliométrico, realizado em bases de dados da BVS, com os descritor [...] es ensino, liderança e enfermagem. RESULTADOS: Em 37 anos, foram identificadas 73 publicações, a maioria encontrada na base de dados MEDLINE e constituída de artigos originais publicados em periódicos norte-americanos, escritos em inglês e versando sobre estratégias de ensino. CONCLUSÕES: A produção científica foi escassa mas constante no período estudado, de autoria predominantemente americana e publicada em periódicos científicos nos Estados Unidos, o que indicou a necessidade de desenvolver pesquisas sobre o assunto no Brasil. Abstract in spanish OBJETIVOS: Cuantificar y describir las características de la producción científica sobre la enseñanza del liderazgo en enfermería en cuanto al tipo de publicación, año, vehículo, país, idioma y temática abordada. MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo, de tipo bibliométrico, realizado en bases de datos de la [...] BVS, con los descriptores enseñanza, liderazgo y enfermería. RESULTADOS: En 37 años, fueron identificadas 73 publicaciones, la mayoría encontrada en la base de datos MEDLINE y constituida de artículos originales publicados en periódicos norteamericanos, escritos en inglés y versando sobre estrategias de enseñanzas. CONCLUSIONES: La producción científica fue escasa pero constante en el período estudiado, de autoría predominantemente americana y publicada en periódicos científicos en los Estados Unidos, lo que indicó la necesidad de desarrollar inestigaciones sobre el asunto en el Brasil. Abstract in english OBJECTIVES: To quantify and describe the characteristics of scientific production on the teaching of nursing leadership concerning the type of publication, year, vehicle, country, language and theme. METHODS: A descriptive and bibliometric study conducted in databases of the BVS, using descriptors: [...] teaching, leadership and nursing. RESULTS: Over 37 years, we identified 73 publications, mostly found in the MEDLINE database and consisting of original articles published in North American journals, written in English, and dealing with teaching strategies. CONCLUSIONS: The scientific production was sparse but constant during the study period, authored predominantly by North Americans, and published in scientific journals in the United States, which indicated the necessity to develop research on the subject in Brazil.
Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith J.
This article develops around a qualitative research case study of an instructor teaching an introductory course about students with special needs. Data collection involved document analysis, observations and interviews with administrators, the faculty member, his peers, teaching assistants and students. The case is also a reflective piece on the
Background: Breast cancer is the commonest cancer modality in female worldwide. Avoiding the risk factors can reduce its incidence and adhering to screening and early detection can reduce its mortality. A sufficient knowledge regarding the risk factors and screening modalities is therefore essential. We assessed the knowledge level about these parameters in our staff nurses. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire survey was performed. Knowledge regarding the risk factors and screening modalities were categorised into good, fair, poor and very poor categories. Results: Knowledge regarding most of the factors was found to be fair. A few things were termed as good knowledge like role of breast-feeding in protecting against breast cancer. Practice regarding the screening modalities was not satisfactory. Only a few nurses had good knowledge of the risk factors and screening modalities. Practice of the Screening modalities was also poor. Conclusion: There is a need to improve the nursing curriculum, training at the workplace and motivate them for screening practices. They should be encouraged to talk to their patients and their female attendants about prevention and early detection of breast cancer. (author)
Halloran, Edward J; Halloran, Diane C
There is no consistent, standardized, concise method for nurses to record information about their patients and clients that is conducive to store, retrieve, and use in patient and client care; to improve professional self-development; and to use in collaboration with patients and clients, their families, other nurses, doctors, hospitals, and health systems. Nurses gauge the health status of their patients and clients every day and are now in a position both to record their impressions for their own use and to share them with colleagues who care for the same patients and clients. What is now needed is a way to record these clinical impressions within an authoritative format that is related to the depth and breadth of the clinical literature related to nursing and the needs of the patients and clients nurses serve. The International Council of Nurses' Nurse-Patient Summary is proposed here to fill the gulf between narrative nurses' notes, proprietary and widely varying electronic health record systems, and information from nurses about their patiens and clients human needs. The International Council of Nurses' Nurse-Patient Summary could replace nursing diagnosis items in the Nursing Minimum Data Set and serve as a substitute for the World Health Organization's International Classification of Function, Disability and Health, a seldom used instrument derived from the International Council of Nurses' Basic Principles of Nursing Care. PMID:26554810
Estrategia educativa para la educación en valores humanos con métodos participativos en estudiantes de Enfermería / Educational strategy for human values teaching with participatory methods designed for Nursing students
Mariela, Hernández Sainz; Alberto Ramón, Bujardón Mendoza; Norma, Iglesias Morell; Blanca María, Seijo Echevarria.
Full Text Available Se realizó un trabajo de educación en valores humanos con métodos participativos en estudiantes del nuevo modelo formativo de Enfermería de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Camagüey en la Filial de Nuevitas, para la ejecución de la tarea se capacitó a profesores y tutores, objetivo por el cual [...] se diseñó la estrategia educativa. Se enunciaron las dificultades del objeto de investigación, resultado del diagnóstico aplicado, se confirmó la ausencia de estrategia educativa en el uso de métodos participativos con tal fin, y la necesidad del diseño. Se utilizaron las etapas dirigidas a la capacitación, la sensibilización, la planificación, la valoración y el control de la ejecución del sistema de acciones con el colectivo pedagógico para el perfeccionamiento de la educación en valores con estos métodos. Abstract in english A teaching work based on human values with the implementation of participatory methods was carried out for Nursing students of the new training model at the seat of the Medical University of Camagüey in Nuevitas. Tutors and professors were trained to put this task into practice, reason why the teach [...] ing strategy was designed. The difficulties of the research object as a result of the applied diagnosis were set out. The lack of a teaching strategy in the use of participatory methods for this purpose, and the need of the design were stated. Stages aimed at training, awareness-raising, planning, assessment and control of the system of actions implementation with the pedagogical team in order to improve values education with these methods, were used.
Kowalski, Dorcas S.; And Others
Text, illustrations, and exercises are provided in this set of learning modules to teach nurses and nursing students various patient care skills. The first module, "How to Write a Nursing Care Plan" by Dorcas S. Kowalski, discusses three tasks in developing patient care plans: identifying and prioritizing a patient's needs, gathering information
Full Text Available Abstract Background and the purpose of the study Adverse drug reactions (ADRs are important public health problem with significant morbidity, mortality and financial burden on the society. Nurses play important role in medication safety surveillance through the spontaneous reporting of ADRs. Nurses knowledge, attitude and practice towards ADR reporting and factors affecting reporting was assessed in the study. Methods All nurses working in a tertiary care hospital, Ajman, UAE participated in this cross-sectional survey. A self administered questionnaire of four domains (knowledge, attitude, practice, factors affecting reporting was distributed among nurses after obtaining informed consent. The knowledge and attitude components were assigned score of one for correct response. Data was analyzed using SPSS (version 19. MannWhitney U test was used to compare knowledge and attitude scores between subgroups; Spearmans correlation for any relationship between knowledge and attitude. Results Of the total participants, females constituted 92.3%; average duration of clinical experience 6.5?±?3.3 years; mean age 28.9?±?4.1 years. Median score for knowledge components of ADR reporting was 11(total score: 17 and for attitude components was 4(total score: 8. No difference noted in knowledge and attitude scores between gender, age group, educational qualification. A positive correlation between knowledge and attitude components was observed (r?=?0.38. ADRs are important cause for morbidity and mortality was reported by (54.9%. 49.5% were aware of Pharmacovigilance centers whereas, only (8.8% reported. Uncertainty of ADRs (49.5%; concern that the report may be wrong (46.2% and inadequate knowledge of ADR reporting procedure were the major barriers to reporting. Training in ADR reporting as the key measure to improve reporting was suggested by (86.8%. Major conclusion The results of the study strongly point out the need for interventional program among nurses focusing on the importance of ADR reporting and reporting procedure to encourage their active, voluntary participation in drug safety surveillance.
Karolina Vitorelli, Diniz Lima Fagundes; Lucélia, Terra Jonas; Nathália Chantal, Magalhães da Silva; Ana Mariele, de Souza; Marina, Bortoletto Cossulin; Maria Angélica, Mendes.
Full Text Available O presente trabalho contempla a experiência vivida na disciplina de Fundamentos de Enfermagem ao utilizar a Sessão Pôster como estratégia de ensino aprendizagem. Tal abordagem se impõe devido à constante discussão acerca dos problemas nas estratégias de ensino, bem como pela necessidade de inovações [...] nesse campo. O objetivo deste trabalho é relatar a experiência vivida por docentes de uma Instituição Pública da região Sul de Minas Gerais, Brasil, com a aplicação de uma técnica de ensino inovadora, direcionada a alunos do quarto semestre da graduação em enfermagem. Esse intento foi alcançado mediante a elaboração de um relato de caso. A análise da estratégia comprovou alto índice de aceitação da Sessão Pôster pelos discentes, que alegaram estímulo ao trabalho em equipe, aprimoramento da comunicação em grupo, preparo para apresentações em eventos e produção de publicações como principais qualidades do método. Abstract in spanish Este trabajo reflexiona sobre la experiencia vivida en la asignatura Fundamentos de Enfermería de una institución pública del Brasil, en la cual se emplea la Sección de Pósteres Científicos como una estrategia de enseñanza y aprendizaje. El abordaje se presentó por la constante discusión acerca de l [...] os problemas en las estrategias de enseñanza, así como por la necesidad de innovaciones en esta área. El objetivo de este estudio fue reportar la experiencia vivida por docentes de una institución pública de la región sur del Estado de Minas Gerais, en Brasil, con la aplicación de una innovadora técnica didáctica, direccionada a alumnos de cuarto semestre de la Carrera de Enfermería. El propósito se alcanzó mediante la realización de un reporte de caso. La evaluación de la estrategia ha comprobado un alto índice de aceptación de la Sección de Pósteres por parte de los estudiantes, quienes afirmaron que se evidenció el estímulo hacia el trabajo en equipo, la mejora en la comunicación en grupos, la preparación para presentaciones en eventos y la producción de publicaciones como sus principales beneficios. Abstract in english This paper discusses the use of a poster session as a teaching strategy in a Nursing Fundamentals class. Motivation for this research was the constant discussion on teaching strategies that arise in the field. The aim of this study was to report the results of application of this innovative teaching [...] technique in a college in south of Minas Gerais State, Brazil, with students from fourth semester of undergraduate nursing school. Results showed a high satisfaction rate by students with the method. They pointed out positive outcomes such as stimulating teamwork, improving group communication, enhancing preparation for presentations at events and providing opportunity to produce papers.
Full Text Available In the process of cancer treatment and care, the ethical duties of the cancer nurses contribute to preventing ethical dilemmas, resolving ethical problems, and most importantly maintaining an ethical cancer care system. The ethical duties of humanistic caregiving, disclosure, honesty, relief of pain and suffering, fair distribution of resources, provision of adequate palliative care, and assistance to patients and families for imminent death, which are the hallmarks of oncology nursing, are justified by the values, professional standards and the contemporary roles of nursing. Therefore, ethical competency of the oncology nurse is an inevitable requirement.
A C Botes; Otto, M.
The occupational health-nursing practitioner often becomes involved in ethical dilemmas with regard to the handling of HIV-positive people in the workplace in that the interests of the HIV-positive people conflict with the interests of the employer.
Die beroepsgesondheidsverpleegkundige raak dikwels in etiese dilemmas betrokke ten opsigte van die hantering van die MIV-positiewe persoon by die werkplek deurdat die belange van die MIV-positiewe pers...
Hart, Eric W.; And Others
Discrete mathematics are defined briefly. A course in discrete mathematics for high school students and teaching discrete mathematics in grades 7 and 8 including finite differences, recursion, and graph theory are discussed. (CW)
Full Text Available En la actualidad, y adaptándonos a los cambios constantes de nuestra época, la docencia en enfermería debe tener como objetivo primordial la promoción de la inteligencia general en los alumnos a través de la cooperación y la comunicación efectiva, donde se utilice el modelo del náufrago, la dialécti [...] ca entre la teoría y la práctica, la racionalidad práctico-crítica, para lograr la contextualización de los saberes, dejando a un lado el modelo tecnológico o positivista y abandonando el modelo del astronauta. La necesidad de cambio en enfermería también incluye una transformación curricular y de la estructura educativa de nuestras universidades, que le permita al profesorado ser más activo en la elaboración de los programas educativos, para que éstos se adapten efectivamente a las condiciones particulares de un contexto determinado, como pueden ser un hospital, un ambulatorio, la comunidad o el aula, con la finalidad de que se fomente en el docente una actualización académica constante, que le permita reflexionar sobre su acción educativa y sobre las dificultades reales según su experiencia práctica. Abstract in english The present days conception of nursing teaching has to adapt to the constant changes in our epoch. Its primordial aim should be promotion of the general understanding by pupils through cooperation and effective communication with the utilization of the shipwreck model, the theory and praxis dialect [...] ic and the practical critical rationality to achieve the contextualization of knowledge, leaving behind both the technological or positive model and the model of the astronaut. The necessity of change exists in nursing and includes the necessary curricular and educational structural changes in our universities enabling teachers to be more active in the set-up of educational programs effectively adapted to the particular conditions of a given context, like those of a hospital, a clinic, community or classroom. Accordingly encouragement should be given to constant academic actualization enabling the reflection about educational action and the real difficulties encountered in practical experience.
Full Text Available En la actualidad, y adaptándonos a los cambios constantes de nuestra época, la docencia en enfermería debe tener como objetivo primordial la promoción de la inteligencia general en los alumnos a través de la cooperación y la comunicación efectiva, donde se utilice el modelo del náufrago, la dialéctica entre la teoría y la práctica, la racionalidad práctico-crítica, para lograr la contextualización de los saberes, dejando a un lado el modelo tecnológico o positivista y abandonando el modelo del astronauta. La necesidad de cambio en enfermería también incluye una transformación curricular y de la estructura educativa de nuestras universidades, que le permita al profesorado ser más activo en la elaboración de los programas educativos, para que éstos se adapten efectivamente a las condiciones particulares de un contexto determinado, como pueden ser un hospital, un ambulatorio, la comunidad o el aula, con la finalidad de que se fomente en el docente una actualización académica constante, que le permita reflexionar sobre su acción educativa y sobre las dificultades reales según su experiencia práctica.The present days conception of nursing teaching has to adapt to the constant changes in our epoch. Its primordial aim should be promotion of the general understanding by pupils through cooperation and effective communication with the utilization of the shipwreck model, the theory and praxis dialectic and the practical critical rationality to achieve the contextualization of knowledge, leaving behind both the technological or positive model and the model of the astronaut. The necessity of change exists in nursing and includes the necessary curricular and educational structural changes in our universities enabling teachers to be more active in the set-up of educational programs effectively adapted to the particular conditions of a given context, like those of a hospital, a clinic, community or classroom. Accordingly encouragement should be given to constant academic actualization enabling the reflection about educational action and the real difficulties encountered in practical experience.
Cárdenas-Valladolid, Juan; Salinero-Fort, Miguel A.; Gómez-Campelo, Paloma; de Burgos-Lunar, Carmen; Abánades-Herranz, Juan C.; Arnal-Selfa, Rosa; Andrés, Ana López-
Background Implementation of a standardized language in Nursing Care Plans (SNCP) allows for increased efficiency in nursing data management. However, the potential relationship with patient? health outcomes remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of SNCP implementation, based on North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) and Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC), in the improvement of metabolic, weight, and blood pressure control of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients. Methods A two-year prospective follow-up study, in routine clinical practice conditions. 31 primary health care centers (Spain) participated with 24,124 T2DM outpatients. Data was collected from Computerized Clinical Records; SNCP were identified using NANDA and NIC taxonomies. Descriptive and ANCOVA analyses were conducted. Results 18,320 patients were identified in the Usual Nursing Care (UNC) group and 5,168 in the SNCP group. At the two-year follow-up, the SNCP group improved all parameters except LDL cholesterol and diastolic blood pressure. We analyzed data adjustming by the baseline value for these variables and variables with statistically significant differences between groups at baseline visit. Results indicated a lowering of all parameters except HbA1c, but a statistically significant reduction was only observed with diastolic blood pressure results. However, the adjusted reduction of diastolic blood pressure is of little clinical relevance. Greater differences of control values for diastolic blood pressure, HbA1c, LDL-cholesterol and Body Mass Index were found in the SNCP group, but only reached statistical significance for HbA1c. A greater proportion of patients with baseline HbA1c ?7 decreased to <7% at the two-year follow-up in the SNCP group than in the UNC group (16.9% vs. 15%; respectively; p?=?0.01). Conclusions Utilization of SNCP was helpful in achieving glycemic control targets in poorly controlled patients with T2DM (HbA1c ?7%). Diastolic blood pressure results were slightly improved in the SNCP group compared to the UNC group. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01482481 PMID:22952794
Full Text Available AIM:To investigate the effect of problem-based learning(PBLcombined with standardized patient(SPin the teaching of basic science of ophthalmology. METHODS: Sixty-four students of Optometry in grade 2012 were randomly divided into experimental group(n=32and control group(n=32. Traditional teaching method was implemented in control group while PBL combined with SP was applied in experimental group. At the end of term students were interviewed using self-administered questionnaire to obtain their evaluation for teaching effect. Measurement data were expressed as (-overx±s and analyzed by independent samples t test. Enumeration data were analyzed by ?2 test, and PRESULTS:The mean scores of theory test(83.22±3.75and experimental test(94.28±2.20in experimental group were significantly higher than theory test(70.72±3.95and experimental test(85.44±3.52in control group(all PPPCONCLUSION:Using PBL combined with SP teaching mode in basic science of ophthalmology can highly improve learning enthusiasm of students and cultivate self-learning ability of students, practice ability and ability of clinical analysis.
Silvia Alonso Pérez
Full Text Available La educación cubana ha obtenido logros incuestionables que la ubican en un lugar cimero en América Latina y el mundo, por ello se realizó una investigación prospectiva con el objetivo de valorar las consideraciones de los estudiantes para enfrentar el proceso docente educativo en la carrera de Enfermería de primer año del nuevo Modelo Pedagógico, en la sede central en el año 2007. La información se obtuvo a través de una encuesta aplicada a 91 estudiantes, y contempla las siguientes variables: vía de ingreso, tiempo dedicado al estudio, atención brindada por los profesores, periodicidad de los encuentros comprobatorios, consulta a docentes y exámenes de premios, así como las asignaturas de mayor complejidad y el dominio de los Proyectos Integrales de Trabajo Educativo. Con relación a los resultados, el mayor por ciento refirió que siempre le brinda atención a las diferencias individuales, en cuanto a la consulta docente la mayoría refirió que reciben ayuda suficiente en ella. Con respecto a la información sobre los exámenes de premio la mayoría afirma que recibe la información al inicio de la asignatura, referente a la calidad de la actividad docente el mayor por ciento la consideró buena, así como la existencia de criterios positivos sobre el conocimiento del Proyecto Integral de Trabajo Educativo.Medical Education in Cuba has achieved unquestionable successes situating it in a top place in Latin-America and in the World , thus a prospective research aimed at assessing the opinions of the students to face the educative-teaching process in nursing major ( 1st academic year of the new pedagogical model at the central venue in 2007 was conducted. The information was obtained by means of a survey to 91 students having the variates : way of admission, time dedicated to individual study, professors' attention, periodicity of meetings to check the development of skills, teaching consults, reward examinations and the subjects having greater complexity and knowledge of the Comprehensive Projects of Educative Work. In relation to the results, the greatest percentage answered that they always received professors' attention where individual differences are considered, with regard to the teaching consults the majority referred they are of great help. Regarding the information about the reward examinations they stated the information is given when the subject is taught for the first time, concerning the quality of the teaching activity the greatest percentage considered it as good, positive criteria about the Comprehensive Project of Educative Work were given.
Ensino clínico na enfermagem: a trajetória da produção científica / Clinical teaching in nursing: the scientific production path / Enseñanza clínica en la enfermería: la trayectoria de la producción científica
Glauteice Freitas, Guedes; Conceição Vieira da Silva, Ohara; Gilberto Tadeu Reis da, Silva; Glaci Regina Rodrigues de Melo, Franco.
Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, no qual se realizou um levantamento da produção científica de enfermagem referente ao ensino clínico no Catálogo de Dissertações e Teses do Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas em Enfermagem (CEPEn) da Associação Brasileira de Enfermagem - ABEn, no período de 1979 a 200 [...] 4. Objetivou descrever a distribuição desses estudos quanto ao número de publicações, título defendido, origem da publicação, ano de defesa, metodologia utilizada e temática abordada. Concluiu-se que a produção científica nessa área ainda está incipiente. Assim, poderemos aperfeiçoar nossos fazeres enquanto educadores e ocupar de forma competente e qualificada nosso espaço no sistema de educação e saúde. Abstract in spanish Tratase de un estudio bibliográfico, en lo cual se realizó un estudio de la producción científica de enfermería referente a la enseñanza clínica en el Catálogo de Disertaciones y Tesis del Centro de Estudios e Investigación en Enfermería (CEPEn) de la Asociación Brasileña de Enfermería - ABEn en el [...] período de 1979 a 2004. Su objetivo fue describir la distribución de esos estudios cuanto al número de publicaciones, título defendido, origen de la publicación, año de defensa, metodología utilizada y temática abordada. Se concluyó que la producción científica en esa área aún está incipiente. Así, podremos perfeccionar nuestras tareas como educador y ocupar de forma competente y calificada su espacio en el sistema de educación y salud. Abstract in english It's a bibliographic study, in which it was made a scientific production survey on nursing referring to clinical teaching in the Catálogo de Dissertações e Teses do Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas em Enfermagem (CEPEn) (Nursing Study and Research Center's Dissertation and Thesis Catalog) from Associaç [...] ão Brasileira de Enfermagem - ABEn (Brazilian Nursing Association) between 1979 and 2004. It was aimed to describe the study distribution regarding to the number of publishing, applied title, publishing origin, year of application, methodology used and the theme approached. It was concluded that scientific production in this area is still incipient. Thus, we can improve our duties as an educator and occupy our space in the education and health in a competent and qualified way.
Ensino clínico na enfermagem: a trajetória da produção científica Enseñanza clínica en la enfermería: la trayectoria de la producción científica Clinical teaching in nursing: the scientific production path
Glauteice Freitas Guedes
Full Text Available Trata-se de um estudo bibliográfico, no qual se realizou um levantamento da produção científica de enfermagem referente ao ensino clínico no Catálogo de Dissertações e Teses do Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas em Enfermagem (CEPEn da Associação Brasileira de Enfermagem - ABEn, no período de 1979 a 2004. Objetivou descrever a distribuição desses estudos quanto ao número de publicações, título defendido, origem da publicação, ano de defesa, metodologia utilizada e temática abordada. Concluiu-se que a produção científica nessa área ainda está incipiente. Assim, poderemos aperfeiçoar nossos fazeres enquanto educadores e ocupar de forma competente e qualificada nosso espaço no sistema de educação e saúde.Tratase de un estudio bibliográfico, en lo cual se realizó un estudio de la producción científica de enfermería referente a la enseñanza clínica en el Catálogo de Disertaciones y Tesis del Centro de Estudios e Investigación en Enfermería (CEPEn de la Asociación Brasileña de Enfermería - ABEn en el período de 1979 a 2004. Su objetivo fue describir la distribución de esos estudios cuanto al número de publicaciones, título defendido, origen de la publicación, año de defensa, metodología utilizada y temática abordada. Se concluyó que la producción científica en esa área aún está incipiente. Así, podremos perfeccionar nuestras tareas como educador y ocupar de forma competente y calificada su espacio en el sistema de educación y salud.It's a bibliographic study, in which it was made a scientific production survey on nursing referring to clinical teaching in the Catálogo de Dissertações e Teses do Centro de Estudos e Pesquisas em Enfermagem (CEPEn (Nursing Study and Research Center's Dissertation and Thesis Catalog from Associação Brasileira de Enfermagem - ABEn (Brazilian Nursing Association between 1979 and 2004. It was aimed to describe the study distribution regarding to the number of publishing, applied title, publishing origin, year of application, methodology used and the theme approached. It was concluded that scientific production in this area is still incipient. Thus, we can improve our duties as an educator and occupy our space in the education and health in a competent and qualified way.
Vilma Ribeiro da Silva
Full Text Available O estudo apresenta o resultado de uma pesquisa realizada com o primeiro grupo de enfermeiros do Curso de formação Pedagógica em Educação Profissional na Área de Saúde: Enfermagem, em Campo Grande MS. Onde intencionamos verificar o alcance do conhecimento expresso pelos participantes, antes e depois da realização do Curso. Para a coleta de dados nos utilizamos de formulários com questões abertas, que foram tratadas à luz do referencial metodológico de natureza qualitativa. Assim, percebemos o desenvolvimento deste curso como um momento de movimento, de evolução e porque não dizer de transformação no ensino de enfermagem em todos os níveis, onde acreditamos que a essência da formação pedagógica imbutida no Curso foi assimilada pelos alunos.El estudio presenta el resultado de investigación realizada con el primero grupo de enfermeros del Curso de Formación Pedagógica en Educación Profesional en la Área de Salud: Enfermería/PROFAE, en Campo Grande-MS, donde se intencionó proximar el significado que los entrevistados atribuían a algunos aspectos relacionados con el acto de enseñar, antes y después de la realización del curso. Para la colecta de datos fue utilizado formularios con cuestiones abiertas, que fueron tratadas según el referencial metodológico de naturaleza cualitativa. Se hay percibido el desarrollo de este curso como un momento de transición, de evolución y también de transformación en la enseñanza de enfermería en todos los niveles, donde creemos que la esencia de la formación pedagógica incrustado en el curso fue asimilada por los educandos.This paper presents results of a research proceeded with the first group of nurses from the Pedagogical Training Course in Health Professional Education: Nursing, in Campo Grande-MS. It was intended to verify obtained knowledge expressed by the participants before and after course. Data were collected using structured forms with open questions, that were approached under metodological qualitative reference. It was observed that this course development as a movement, is considered an evolution and transforming moment in all levels of Nursing teaching. It is believed that the course's pedagogical training essence was assimilated by the students.
Rita de Cassia Vieira Rodrigues
Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar os cursos de Ensino Superior Nacional de EAD por área de concentração, região geográfica, nível de formação e os cursos de EAD no ensino superior de Enfermagem. O método adotado foi um estudo exploratório descritivo em que foi realizado um levantamento nos sites e portais governamentais e não-governamentais relacionados à educação nacional e EAD das Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES que praticam EAD. Nos resultados foram identificados apenas dois cursos de pós-graduação lato sensu oferecidos especificamente em Enfermagem. Assim, há necessidade de maior investimento das IES de Enfermagem na criação e avaliação de cursos de EAD, bem como de infra-estrutura e de implementação de uma política de capacitação tecnológica.El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los cursos de Enseñanza Superior Nacional de la Educación a Distancia (EAD por área de concentración, región geográfica, nivel de formación y los cursos de EAD en la enseñanza superior de Enfermería. El método adoptado fue un estudio exploratorio descriptivo en el que se llevó a cabo un levantamiento en los sitios y páginas web gubernamentales y no gubernamentales relacionados a la educación nacional y a la EAD de las Instituciones de Enseñanza Superior (IES que practican EAD. En los resultados fueron identificados apenas dos cursos de post-grado lato sensu ofrecidos específicamente en Enfermería. De este modo, hay necesidad de mayor inversión de las IES de Enfermería en la creación y evaluación de cursos de EAD, así como de infraestructura e implementación de una política de capacitación tecnológica.The aim of this study was to identify the National Superior Teaching courses in distance education by concentration area, geographic region, graduation level and distance education Nursing courses in higher education. The method used was an exploratory descriptive study in which was carried out a survey in government and non-government sites and portals related to national and distance education of higher education schools that offer distance education. The results identified only two latu sensu Graduate courses that offer Nursing specifically. Thus Nursing higher education schools must invest more on creating and evaluating distance education courses, as well as on infra-structure and on the implementation of a policy of technological capacity-building.
Giselda Veronice Hahn
Full Text Available Pesquisa qualitativa histórica, cujo objetivo foi resgatar a trajetória do ensino de Enfermagem no município de Lajeado, a partir da segunda metade do século passado. Utilizou-se como dados primários História Oral e como secundários, documentos, que foram analisados conforme a Análise de Conteúdo de Bardin. Os sujeitos foram alunos, professores e coordenadores de cursos de enfermagem. A profissionalização da enfermagem, na forma de cursos formais e informais, se intensificou nos últimos 50 anos, atendendo ao modelo político-econômico vigente. Os trabalhadores eram precariamente preparados e desenvolviam funções subalternas aos demais profissionais da saúde, ou seja, buscavam responder aos interesses dos médicos e dirigentes institucionais. Porém, a iniciativa de escolas e a atuação de diversos profissionais têm modificando esta realidade na região.Investigación cualitativa histórica, cuyo objetivo ha sido rescatar la trayectoria de la enseñanza de Enfermería en el municipio de Lajeado, desde la segunda mitad del siglo pasado. Como datos primarios se ha utilizado la Historia Oral y como secundarios los documentos, éstos analisados de acuerdo con el Análisis del Contenido de Cardin. Los sujetos fueron alumnos, profesores, y coordinadores de los cursos de Enfermería. El profesionalismo de Enfermería ha sido intenso en los últimos 50 años, a causa del modelo político-económico, y fue hecho con cursos formales e informales. Los trabajadores eran escasamente preparados, desarrollaban funciones subalternas para los otros profesionales de salud y buscaban responder a los intereses de médicos y dirigentes institucionales. Pero, la iniciativa de escuelas y la actuación de distintos profesionales ha cambiado esta realidad en la región.Historical qualitative research whose aim has been to recover nursing teaching path in the Brazilian town of Lajeado/RS, from the second half of the twentieth century. Oral history has been used as primary data, and the second ones have been documents that have been analysed according to Bardin's Content Analysis. The subjects were heads, teachers and students of nursing courses. In the past 50 years, the professionalization of nursing was intensive, serving to the current political and economic model, in the form of formal and informal courses. Workers would be ill prepared, subservient to other health professionals and would try to work for doctors and institutional directors. However, school initiative and professionals working in various areas began to change this reality in the region.
Giselda Veronice, Hahn; Justina Inês Brunetto Verruck, Acker; Ana Paula, Wagner; Queli de Assis, Trombini.
Full Text Available Pesquisa qualitativa histórica, cujo objetivo foi resgatar a trajetória do ensino de Enfermagem no município de Lajeado, a partir da segunda metade do século passado. Utilizou-se como dados primários História Oral e como secundários, documentos, que foram analisados conforme a Análise de Conteúdo de [...] Bardin. Os sujeitos foram alunos, professores e coordenadores de cursos de enfermagem. A profissionalização da enfermagem, na forma de cursos formais e informais, se intensificou nos últimos 50 anos, atendendo ao modelo político-econômico vigente. Os trabalhadores eram precariamente preparados e desenvolviam funções subalternas aos demais profissionais da saúde, ou seja, buscavam responder aos interesses dos médicos e dirigentes institucionais. Porém, a iniciativa de escolas e a atuação de diversos profissionais têm modificando esta realidade na região. Abstract in spanish Investigación cualitativa histórica, cuyo objetivo ha sido rescatar la trayectoria de la enseñanza de Enfermería en el municipio de Lajeado, desde la segunda mitad del siglo pasado. Como datos primarios se ha utilizado la Historia Oral y como secundarios los documentos, éstos analisados de acuerdo c [...] on el Análisis del Contenido de Cardin. Los sujetos fueron alumnos, profesores, y coordinadores de los cursos de Enfermería. El profesionalismo de Enfermería ha sido intenso en los últimos 50 años, a causa del modelo político-económico, y fue hecho con cursos formales e informales. Los trabajadores eran escasamente preparados, desarrollaban funciones subalternas para los otros profesionales de salud y buscaban responder a los intereses de médicos y dirigentes institucionales. Pero, la iniciativa de escuelas y la actuación de distintos profesionales ha cambiado esta realidad en la región. Abstract in english Historical qualitative research whose aim has been to recover nursing teaching path in the Brazilian town of Lajeado/RS, from the second half of the twentieth century. Oral history has been used as primary data, and the second ones have been documents that have been analysed according to Bardin's Co [...] ntent Analysis. The subjects were heads, teachers and students of nursing courses. In the past 50 years, the professionalization of nursing was intensive, serving to the current political and economic model, in the form of formal and informal courses. Workers would be ill prepared, subservient to other health professionals and would try to work for doctors and institutional directors. However, school initiative and professionals working in various areas began to change this reality in the region.
Alva Helena de Almeida
Full Text Available O estudo analisou a produção bibliográfica sobre a temática educação em saúde e as repercussões sobre o ensino na graduação em enfermagem. Utilizou-se descritores selecionados nas bases LILACS, PERIENF e BDENF. Classificou-se as referências em quatro categorias: ensino, assistência, produção científica e acadêmica stricto sensu. Os resultados revelaram: a importância da temática educativa na prática social da enfermagem, para o que se evidencia não só a preocupação com a formação do educando, mas inclusive a do docente; apesar do esforço na graduação para o preparo do enfermeiro para as ações educativas, este é avaliado como inadequado; as práticas educativas, tanto em estudos classificados na categoria ensino quanto na assistencial, se mostraram referenciados na abordagem biomédica, com enfoque nos aspectos preventivos.Este estudio analizó la producción bibliográfica sobre la temática educación en salud y las repercusiones sobre la enseñanza en graduación en enfermería. Los descriptores utilizados fueron seleccionados en las bases LILACS, PERIENF y BDENF. Las referencias fueron clasificadas en cuatro categorías: enseñanza, asistencia, producción científica y académica stricto sensu. Los resultados revelaron: la importancia de la temática educativa en la práctica social de enfermería, para lo que se evidencia no solo la preocupación con la formación del educando, mas inclusive la del docente; a pesar del esfuerzo en la graduación para la preparación del enfermero para las acciones educativas, ese es evaluado como inadecuado; las prácticas educativas, tanto en estudios de la categoría enseñanza cuanto de la asistencial, se mostraron referenciadas en el abordaje biomédico cuyo enfoque son los aspectos preventivos.This study reviewed the literature on the health education subject and the impact on education in undergraduate nursing. Descriptors were selected in LILACS, PERIENF and BDENF bases. References were classified into four categories: education, care, scientific production and stricto sensu academic production. The results showed: the importance of educational issues in the nursing social practice, for what there is concern with the student and the teacher education; in spite of the effort in the undergraduation to prepare nurses for the educative actions, this is considered insufficient; the educative practices, in both teaching and care categories, are based on the biomedical model, with focus on preventive aspects.
... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Nursing services. 52.130... FOR ADULT DAY HEALTH CARE OF VETERANS IN STATE HOMES Standards § 52.130 Nursing services. The program management must provide an organized nursing service with a sufficient number of qualified nursing...
Zraick, Richard I; Allen, Ruth M; Johnson, Sherry B
The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of standardized patients (SPs) with aphasia to teach interpersonal and communication skills to new graduate student-clinicians in Speech-Language Pathology, and to test those skills via serial Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs). This study had three phases: (1) clinical teaching using SPs, (2) mid-term evaluation via a single case OSCE, and (3) end-of-term evaluation via a multi-case OSCE. These phases were integrated with classroom teaching and testing components over a 16-week academic semester. Eighteen students participated while concurrently enrolled in a course on diagnosis and management of aphasia taught by the first author. One half of the class received initial instruction via a combination of didactic lecture and standardized patient interaction, while the other half of the class was taught initially via didactic lecture only. On OSCE I, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in their interpersonal and communication skills, with the class as a whole demonstrating less than acceptable competency. After targeting these skills in all students via additional class lectures, there was a statistically and clinically significant improvement in their competency in this area on OSCE II. Student feedback was positive. PMID:14574048
Falk, Joakim; Björvell, Catrin
The Swedish health care system stands before an implementation of standardized language. The first classification of nursing diagnoses translated into Swedish, The NANDA, was released in January 2011. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the usage of the NANDA classification affected nursing students choice of nursing interventions. Thirty-three nursing students in a clinical setting were divided into two groups. The intervention group had access to the NANDA classification te...
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Protects the public's right to high quality health care by licensing and mandating standards of operation for nurse agencies which refer, employ, or assign...
Full Text Available The study examines how far the Activity Centred teaching of English is effective in remediating the mistakes committed in written expression in English by the slow learners in Standard VI of a Government High School in Tamil Nadu State in India. Using an already standardised tool prepared to test writing ability in English, a Pre Diagnostic test was conducted to identify the disorders committed by the slow learning pupils. The marks secured by 24 slow learners were recorded. Then activities were introduced in teaching for developing all the four basic skills in English for a month. The single group design was adopted for the study. The Post Diagnostic test was conducted and the marks secured by all the pupils were recorded. The t test was applied. It was found that there was significant difference in the remediation of mistakes in the written expression in English.
Lait, Margaret E.
Describes a standalone undergraduate course in nursing history in terms of rationale, purpose, and content. Discusses arguments for inclusion of nursing history in the curriculum and problems associated with teaching it. (SK)
Registered nurses (RNs) who make the move from a patient-care service setting to an academic teaching environment often go through a transition phase in their first semesters of teaching that is difficult and traumatic. RNs that go on to higher academic degrees often do so in order to teach in schools of nursing. However, graduate work in nursing
Full Text Available Due to any institution in the national teaching system, indifferent of type, level and activity organization form, is to insure the quality teaching, learning and researching, from the necessity of making the bases of an institutional cultures of the education's quality, for contributing to the personal and professional development of the students, at the society's welfare. The quality insurance policies and strategies of the national teaching system of Romania have as marking the permanent correlation with the orientations and actions promoted at European and global level, in consense with the recommendations of the Superior Education Quality Insurance European Association, recommendations which have been taken by the Bergen Ministerial Conference (19-20 May 2005.
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Full Text Available The occupational health-nursing practitioner often becomes involved in ethical dilemmas with regard to the handling of HIV-positive people in the workplace in that the interests of the HIV-positive people conflict with the interests of the employer.
Die beroepsgesondheidsverpleegkundige raak dikwels in etiese dilemmas betrokke ten opsigte van die hantering van die MIV-positiewe persoon by die werkplek deurdat die belange van die MIV-positiewe persoon botsend is met die belange van die werkgewer. *Please note: This is a reduced version of the abstract. Please refer to PDF for full text.
Teoria e prática assistencial na enfermagem: o ensino e o mercado de trabalho Teoría y práctica asistencial en enfermería: la enseñanza y el mercado de trabajo Nursing care theory and practice: teaching and the labor market
Rosa Maria Rodrigues
Full Text Available Este estudo identifica como os enfermeiros docentes e assistenciais vivenciam a relação entre o ensino e o mercado de trabalho na enfermagem. Os dados foram coletados mediante a realização de entrevistas e de análise de documentos. Na análise utilizamos categorias metodológicas e de conteúdo. Evidenciamos que o ensino está distante da prática assistencial pautando-se em conteúdos que nela não encontram correspondência; existe uma defasagem entre o que se ensina na graduação e a incorporação de novas tecnologias, práticas e saberes. Aponta-se a retomada das reflexões sobre o ensino da enfermagem a fim de aproximar o espaço de ensino e o trabalho assistencial.El estudio identifica como los enfermeros docentes y asistenciales viven la relación entre la enseñanza y el mercado de trabajo en enfermería. La recolección de los datos se hizo mediante la realización de entrevistas y análisis de documentos. Para el análisis se utilizaron categorías metodológicas y de contenido. Se evidenció que la enseñanza está distante de la práctica asistencial y basada en contenidos que no corresponden con la práctica. Existe una diferencia entre lo que se enseña en el pregrado y la incorporación de nuevas tecnologías, prácticas y saberes. Se resalta la necesidad de retomar las reflexiones sobre la enseñanza en enfermería con el fin de aproximar el espacio de la enseñanza y el trabajo asistencial.This study identifies how faculty nurses and clinical nurses experience the relationship between teaching and the labor market in Nursing. Data were collected by means of interviews and documentary analysis. Methodological and content categories were utilized for analysis. It became evident that teaching is far from the clinical practice and that it is based on contents which do not have correspondents; there is a phase displacement between what is taught in undergraduation and the incorporation of new technologies, practices and knowledge. Action towards reflections about nursing teaching in order to approach it to clinical work areas is pointed out.
Browder, Diane M.; Trela, Katherine; Courtade, Ginevra R.; Jimenez, Bree A.; Knight, Victoria; Flowers, Claudia
This study evaluated strategies to teach secondary math and science content to students with moderate and severe developmental disabilities in a quasiexperimental group design with special education teachers randomly assigned to either the math or the science treatment group. Teachers in the math group implemented four math units representing four
Hurt, Douglas A.
Describes a lesson plan that uses Main Street images of three towns to encourage students to recognize and compare human and physical characteristics of places. The lesson teaches the geographic concepts of site (absolute location) and situation (relative location) as well as introducing students to urban geography. (MJP)
Pytash, Kristine E.; Morgan, Denise N.
In this article, the authors provide an overview of the unit of study framework for teaching writing and explain how it sets the stage for developing "academic momentum" in students (Strahan, 2008, p. 4). To help readers understand the unit of study framework in action, the authors describe how a unit unfolds in one subject area,
This exploratory study results from interviews with five high school English teachers regarding their writing instruction. The researcher sought to answer these questions: (1) How had the Tennessee Comprehensive Assessment Program's (TCAP) Writing Assessment affected their teaching as gauged by the teachers' statements regarding the assessment,
Roberts, Terry; Billings, Laura
As educators, the authors know the importance of teaching reading and writing, but they often overlook speaking and listening skills. They believe that if they have class discussions on a regular basis, students are "naturally" learning to speak and to listen. However, that is not the case. On the contrary, speaking and listening skills are ones
Novak, Karen E
The goal of this study is to make the agency nurse's performance standards equivalent to that of hospital nurse levels of performance based in hospital staff observation to provide continuity of safe, quality patient care. To attain this goal, the following should be done: (1) develop orientation process that includes module for general orientation; (2) agencies pay for nurse orientation to include 8-hour session and a 4-hour skills assessment; (3) develop flip cards for agency nurses as a resource tool; (4) annual general assessment for hospital employees to be completed by agency nurses; and (5) develop process to document and distribute information to charge nurses about agency nurse competency. Leaders should ensure that the process for identifying and managing are defined and implemented. The intent of this standard is to hold leaders within the healthcare organizations accountable. PMID:16077285
Ma. Martha Marín Laredo
Full Text Available El presente trabajo surge de la inquietud basada en la experiencia en el campo laboral del sector salud y, sobre todo, en la adquirida en el ámbito educativo, donde se detectaron debilidades en la relación intervención docente y aprendizaje, de docentes y alumnos, en procedimientos de enfermería -asistenciales y preventivos- en la carrera de Licenciatura en Enfermería en la Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo (UMSNH, México. Lo anterior se ha observado especialmente en el 1º y 2º nivel de atención, en las instituciones de salud, donde los estudiantes tienen que aplicar las competencias adquiridas durante su formación. Por tal motivo surgió la necesidad de evaluar el proceso de aprendizaje de los estudiantes de las asignaturas Elementos Básicos de Enfermería y Enfermería en Salud Pública, que se cursan en el 2º. Semestre de la carrera y que son fundamentales en la formación de las (o enfermeras (o. De esta manera se evaluó el carácter que adquiere la intervención docente durante el proceso de aprendizaje de los alumnos de enfermería. Los resultados cuantitativos y cualitativos se constituyen en elementos de reflexión y análisis para incidir en cambios en la intervención docente, pues es un reflejo sistematizado de lo que ocurre en el proceso de formación de la carrera de enfermería.The present work arises from the worry based on the experience in the labor field of the sector health and, mainly, in the one acquired in the educational environment, where weaknesses were detected in the educational intervention and learning relationship, of teachers and students, in Nursery procedures - assistance and preventive - in the career of Degree in Nursery in the Michoacan University of San Nicolas of Hidalgo (MUSNH, Mexico. The above-mentioned has been observed especially in the 1º and 2º level of attention, in the institutions of health, where the students have to apply the acquired skills during their formations. For such a reason, the necessity arose of evaluating the students' learning process of the subjects "Basic Elements of Nursery" and "Nursery in Public Health" that are being studied in the 2º. Semester of the career and that are fundamental in the formation of both nurses and male nurses. This way, the character that acquires the educational intervention during the process of the nursery students' learning was evaluated. The quantitative and qualitative results are constituted in reflection elements and analysis to impact in changes in the educational intervention, because it is a systematized reflection of what happens in the process of formation of the Nursery career.
Nubia, Blanco Balbeito; Marina, Hernández Trejo; Ismenia, Domínguez Hernández; Marcela, Gallego Martí.
Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de los procesos formativos de la Enfermería en el municipio de Sagua la Grande con la aplicación del método histórico lógico. Se realiza una breve síntesis del surgimiento de la enfermería y los hechos asociados a los procesos formativos del Técnico Me [...] dio, la Licenciatura en Enfermería y la preparación de Técnicos de Enfermería de otras nacionalidades. Se efectuó análisis documental de los libros de matrícula, informes del proceso docente educativo, ponencia sobre la historia del centro y se realizaron entrevistas a profesores fundadores. Hoy la Escuela de Enfermería "Lidia Doce Sánchez" se ha convertido en la Filial de Ciencias Médicas de Sagua la Grande, y constituye un centro que jerarquiza científica y metodológicamente la formación y perfeccionamiento de los técnicos y profesionales de las ciencias médicas en todo el territorio centro norte de la provincia Villa Clara. Abstract in english A retrospective descriptive study was carried out on the Nursing formative process of Sagua la Grande municipality, where the historical-logical method was applied. It is elaborated a brief synthesis about the beginnings of Nursing and other facts associated to the formation of the different formati [...] ve processes of Licensed Practical Nurses and the Bachelor in Nursing, as well as the preparation of Licensed Practical Nurses in other nationalities. A documental analysis was carried out on the student´s registers files, the teaching-learning process documents, and a paper about the history of the school. Professors and founding personnel were interviewed. At present, the "Lidia Doce" Nursing School has become the Health University Site of Sagua la Grande municipality and it is the center that leads the scientific and the methodological formation as well as the improvement of the health sciences technicians and professionals in the northern part of the province.
Mercedes, López Álvarez; Esperanza, Pozo Madera; Caridad, Torres García; Liduvina, Álvarez Miranda; Silvia, Alonso Pérez.
Full Text Available En 1982 se inició la docencia en Licenciatura en Enfermería en nuestra provincia, por lo que se realizó un trabajo para valorar el comportamiento del Proceso Docente Educativo en la carrera hasta el 2006, a través de un estudio descriptivo y longitudinal del universo de estudiantes que han cursado e [...] studios en la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas "Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara de la Serna" de P. del Río. Los datos fueron obtenidos en el Departamento de Secretaría Docente, Dirección Provincial de Salud, Carrera de Enfermería, así como entrevista realizada a profesores, los datos fueron procesados en minicalculadoras y se presentaron en tablas, utilizando el método porcentual aritmético. La Licenciatura se inició con un total de 8 profesores y 22 estudiantes, y hoy contamos en la provincia con un total de 6168 graduados, la promoción obtenida en los cursos académicos ha sido correcta (generalmente superior al 90%). El curso 2005-2006 fue el de la primera graduación de Enfermeros Básicos y Técnicos Medio procedentes del Nuevo Modelo Pedagógico, así como la primera graduación de Técnicos Básicos en Urgencias Médicas, los estudiantes han mantenido la participación en actividades culturales, deportivas y científicas. Abstract in english In 1982 the teaching process of Nursing studies started in Pinar del Río, so a research is carried out to assess the behaviour of the Educative Teaching Process in Nursing major till 2006 through a descriptive and longitudinal study, taking as sample the students that have enrolled Nursing major at [...] "Ernesto Guevarade la Serna" Medical School. Data were collected from the Department of the General-Secretary, Provincial health Direction, the records of the Nursing major and interviewing professors; data were processed using minicalculators and showed in tables through percentage arithmetical method. Baccalaureate in Nursing began with a total of 8 professors and 22 students, nowadays the province has a total of 6168 nursing graduates. Promotion obtained in the academic courses has been correct (generally higher than 90%). In the academic course 2005-2006 was the first graduation of Basic Nurses and Technicians from the New Pedagogical Model as well as the first one of Basic Technicians in Emergency Medicine. Students have maintained a good participation in cultural, sports and scientific activities.
Kim, Hongsoo; Harrington, Charlene; Greene, William H.
Purpose: To examine the relationship between registered nurse (RN) staffing mix and quality of nursing home care measured by regulatory violations. Design and Methods: A retrospective panel data study (1999-2003) of 2 groups of California freestanding nursing homes. One group was 201 nursing homes that consistently met the state's minimum standard
In the teaching of physics at upper secondary school level (K10-K12), the students are generally taught to solve problems analytically, i.e. using the dynamics describing a system (typically in the form of differential equations) to compute its evolution in time, e.g. the motion of a body along a straight line or in a plane. This reduces the scope
Chapman, R. H.; Reiley, P.; McKinney, J.; Toomey, B.; Powers, E; Mccausland, M.
This paper describes the planning and implementation of a Local Area Network (LAN) for the nursing service of a 504-bed urban teaching hospital. The major goals of the network were: support for nurse executives, nurse managers, and the departmental assistants assigned to administrative offices; increased efficiency and effectiveness of the nursing administrative areas; and improved communication systems. Collaboration between the nursing service and the Computer Information Center (CIC) resul...
Vittrup, Ann-Charlotte; Davey, Anna
This article discusses a case study that was initiated by a Graduate Nurse Coordinator of an acute care inpatient hospital in Australia. It outlines the conceptualisation and creative implementation of a structured group problem based learning activity which was a component of a Graduate Nurse Program. The learning activity was based on the beliefs that knowledge acquisition today is an active process and should focus on the learner developing strategies to obtain, review and manage information. The learning activity implemented in this case study was valuable as it recognised the benefits that can be gained for the Graduate Nurse by ensuring the context of their teaching and learning activities is grounded in practical experiences. The learning activity aimed to prepare Graduate Nurses to cope with the multiple challenges faced as they enter the nursing profession by enhancing their skills of inquiry, problem solving and reasoning. The evaluation of this case study found that the incorporation of structured group problem based learning did promote the achievement of these educational outcomes with Graduate Nurses displaying critical thinking, clinical judgment and knowledge acquisition skills. An unexpected benefit of this activity for Graduate Nurses was the enhancement of clinical practice behaviours, such as communication and interactive skills. This case study describes the positive outcomes not only for Graduates Nurses in the application of their learning but also the wider benefits which can be gained for the organisation, patient care standards and the health care team. It is anticipated that this article will be an inspiration to others who are interested in implementing innovative teaching strategies into Graduate Nurse Programs. PMID:19501549
Modos de ser enfermeiro-professor-no-ensino-do-cuidadode-enfermagem: um olhar heideggeriano / Ways of being nurse-teacher-teaching-nursing-care: a heideggerian look / Maneras de ser enfermero-docente-en-el-encino-del-cuidado-de-enfermería: una mirada heideggeriana
Luciara Fabiane, Sebold; Telma Elisa, Carraro.
Full Text Available Estudo qualitativo de abordagem fenomenológica. Objetivou desvelar, à luz do pensamento de Martin Heidegger, os modos de ser dos enfermeiros-professores na vivência de ensinar-aprender o cuidado de enfermagem em uma instituição federal de ensino superior do sul do Brasil. A técnica utilizada para ca [...] ptar os significados foi a entrevista fenomenológica com 11 docentes. A análise permitiu compreender os Modos de Ser enfermeiro-professor, que foram didaticamente apresentados em duas unidades de significado: Modo de ser enfermeiro para o cuidado; Modo de ser professor para o ensino do cuidado. Alguns professores identificam-se como enfermeiros, suas experiências profissionais são suas bases e a coexistência com outros pôde lhes servir de exemplo. Outros se percebem professores de enfermagem e desejam ensinar os desafios de ser enfermeiro, e aprimoram o cuidado através de pesquisas. Ao ensinar, envolvem-se com o universo de ensino no qual o cuidar também é aprender e ensinar. Abstract in spanish Estudio cualitativo de abordaje fenomenológica que objetivó desvelar, bajo la luz del pensamiento de Martin Heidegger, los modos del ser-enfermero-profesor en la experiencia del enseñar-aprender el cuidado de enfermería en una institución federal de enseñanza superior del sur de Brasil. Técnica util [...] izada para la colecta de significados fue la entrevista fenomenológica con 11 docentes. El análisis permitió comprender los Modos de Ser enfermero-profesor, que fueron didácticamente presentados en dos unidades de significado: Modo de Ser Enfermero para el cuidado; Modo de ser Profesor para la enseñanza del cuidado. Algunos profesores se identifican como enfermeros, sus experiencias profesionales son sus bases y la coexistencia con otros les sirve de ejemplo. Otros se ven como profesores de enfermería y desean enseñar los desafíos de ser enfermero, y perfeccionan el cuidado a través de pesquisas. Al enseñar, se envuelven con el universo de enseñanza en el cual el cuidar también es aprender y enseñar. Abstract in english This is a qualitative study with phenomenological approach. It aimed at showing, under the light of Martin Heidegger's thoughts, the ways of being nurse-teachers in the experience of teaching-learning nursing care in a higher education federal institution in Southern of Brazil. The technique used to [...] capture meanings was the phenomenological interview with 11 teachers. Data analysis allowed the identification of the theme Ways of Being nurse-teachers, which were didactically presented in two units of meaning: Ways of Being nurse for care; Ways of being teacher in teaching care. Some teachers identify themselves as nurses, their professional experiences are their basis and coexistence with others serves as example. Others perceive themselves as nursing teachers and they wish to teach the strengths and difficulties of being a nurse, and improve care through research. By teaching, they need to involve themselves in the teaching-learning universe where caring is also learning and teaching.
Chiharu Ito; Harumi Ejiri
This report attempts to ascertain the current state of, and outstanding issues relating to, nursing diagnosis, as taught in nursing education in Japan, and to obtain basic resources that will allow the improvement of said nursing diagnosis training. A self-completed, anonymous survey was carried out in regard to teaching staff responsible for classes in nursing process or nursing diagnosis at 183 university institutions involved in nursing education nationwide. Resp...
Mackie, J B; Graham, P B
This article describes a nursing education experience in which a critical thinking approach was planned and implemented. Background discussion on critical thinking concepts and related research provides a foundation for presentation of the Mackie teaching model. The model uses a community-based, family-centered scenario as the basis for developing problem-focused nursing intervention skills from a holistic viewpoint. Role expectations of students and faculty are outlined, and related implementation difficulties, together with their resolution strategies, are described. Evaluation methods and outcomes are reviewed in the conclusion. PMID:9052186
Maria José Sanches, Marin; Maria Amélia Campos de, Oliveira; Cristina Peres, Cardoso; Márcia Aparecida Padovan, Otani; Maria Yvette Aguiar Dutra, Moravcik; Lucieni de Oliveira, Conterno; Antonio Carlos, Siqueira Junior; Luzmarina Aparecida Doretto, Braccialli; Cássia Regina Rodrigues, Nunes.
Full Text Available Pesquisa qualitativa com o objetivo de identificar as contribuições, limites e sugestões indicados para o aperfeiçoamento da integração ensino-serviço entre a Faculdade de Medicina de Marília e a Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Marília, para a formação de enfermeiros e médicos. Realizada com base n [...] as narrativas de docentes, estudantes e profissionais dos serviços, a análise pautou-se no método hermenêutico-dialético. Verificou-se que a integração ensino-serviço possibilita a inserção precoce do estudante no mundo do trabalho, a construção do conhecimento pautado na prática, a troca de informação com os profissionais dos serviços e a ampliação das ações junto à coletividade. Como limite, foi identificada a falta de reconhecimento do papel do estudante, falta de suporte da gestão e indefinição de papéis da academia e do serviço. Sugerem-se ampliação da inserção do professor colaborador nas atividades acadêmicas, melhorias na gestão da Atenção Básica e revisão do contrato de parceria, como parte da necessidade de corresponsabilização nos processos de ensino-serviço. Abstract in english This qualitative research aims to identify advances and challenges of teaching-service integration in nursing and medical education between the Marilia Medical School and Marilia Municipal Health Secretary. Data were collected from accounts given by teachers, students and health professionals. The a [...] nalysis was based on the hermeneutic-dialectic method. The results showed that teaching-service integration allows early integration of the student in the workplace, guides the construction of knowledge in professional practice, supports the exchange of information and increases the quantity and quality of health actions aimed at the community. The identified challenges were a lack of recognition of the student's role by health team members, a lack of management support for the development of Family Health Strategy principles and a lack of definition of academia and service roles in partnership contracts. Suggestions for the improvement of the integration included expanding the insertion of the collaborating teacher in academic activities, improving the management of Primary Health Care and reviewing the partnership agreement. These advances are needed to enhance co-responsibility in the process of in-service learning.
Maria da Graça Motta
Full Text Available Este relato de experiência docente desenvolve conteúdos relacionados ao cuidado humanizado à criança/adolescente e sua família, com os acadêmicos do Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem. Utiliza-se como metodologia as oficinas de Criatividade e Sensibilidade propostas por Cabra(1l (1999 que se revelaram adequadas para abordar temas complexos como prevenção da violência contra criança/adolescente e o cuidado a famílias que vivenciam a doença do filho. Durante as oficinas, busca-se criar um espaço para a reflexão sobre o cuidado humanizado a partir da vivência dos acadêmicos. Verifica-se a importância de introduzir metodologias alternativas no processo de ensino aprendizagem do acadêmico buscando a construção do conhecimento e privilegiando a sua experiência.Este relato de experiencia docente desarrolla contenidos, relacionados al cuidado humanizado al niño y al adolescente y a su familia, con los académicos del Curso de Graduación en Enfermería. Se utiliza como metodología los talleres de Creatividad y Sensibilidad 1 que se han revelado adecuados para abordar temas complejos como prevención de la violencia contra el niño y el adolescente y el cuidado a las familias que experimentan la enfermedad del hijo. Durante los talleres, uno busca crear un espacio para reflexionar sobre el cuidado humanizado a partir de las vivencias de los académicos. Uno constata la importancia de introducir metodologías alternativas en el proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje del académico buscando la construcción del conocimiento y privilegiando su experiencia.This 'teaching experience' report addresses contents related to the humanized care given to children/adolescents and to their family. It was made in collaboration with students of the Undergraduate Course in Nursing. The Creativity and Awareness workshops proposed by Cabra(1l (1999 have been used as methodology because they proved adequate to approaching complex themes such as prevention of violence against children/adolescents and assistance to families that experience child sickness. During the workshops, the aim is to create an environment for reflection on humanized care on the basis of students' experiences. We found out that it is important to introduce alternative methodologies into the teaching/learning process of students, seeking the construction of knowledge and giving priority to their experiences.
Alibaba Erden, Hale; Özer, Bekir
Problem Statement: The Teacher's-Act defined for the state-school teachers of North Cyprus shows that teachers are not selected according to any specific standards. In North Cyprus, apart from the exam topics defined at the teacher's exam regulations, there is not any kind of identified standard for teachers. Training qualified teachers based upon
Kirkland, David E.
The default image to which many ELA standards adhere lacks the complexity and sensitivity to account for the diverse range of students that occupy ELA classrooms. For young Black men, such standards poise a unique threat as they fail to reflect the social and cultural dimensions that factor into Black male literacy practices. In so doing, Kirklandâ¦
Ross, Craig; Orr, R. Robert
Troubleshooting skills are integral for the Information Technology professional. In order to address faculty concerns that students were not effectively learning required troubleshooting skills, a standardized troubleshooting methodology (the DECSAR Method) was created and integrated into the standard curriculum of a college information technology
Journal of Professional Nursing, 1996
This position statement of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing asserts that the nursing profession must develop a standardized national advanced practice nursing certification process by 2000. Professional certification validates and standardizes the qualifications and practice competencies of the advanced practice nurse. (Author/JOW)
Full Text Available The new ACRL Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education is an opportunity for IL instructors to ask themselves whether their current approaches to instruction are meeting the higher goals of IL education. Instructors might re-examine their pedagogical approaches by considering their own knowledge practices and dispositions in teaching IL. How might we best create a space in which the desired student knowledge practices and dispositions flourish? How can we approach IL education as fellow students ones who just happen to be at a different point on the same path of lifelong learning?
Nursing students are exposed to a vast amount of information and reading material that is very specific, technical, and new to the students. Unless nurse educators provide a learning environment that promotes understanding through interaction, students might only commit unassimilated information to their short-term memory through rote learning, and no meaningful learning will occur. Nursing students must be able to link learned facts, concepts and principles with new knowledge in ord...
Conocimiento y cumplimiento de medidas de bioseguridad en personal de enfermería. Hospital Nacional Almanzor Aguinaga. Chiclayo 2002 / Knowledge and fulfillment of biosecurity standards in nurse personal. Almanzor Aguinaga National Hospital. Chiclayo 2002
Víctor, Soto; Enrique, Olano.
Full Text Available Objetivo: Determinar el nivel de conocimientos y cumplimiento de las medidas de bioseguridad del personal profesional y técnico de enfermería que labora en áreas de alto riesgo. Material y Métodos: Estudio transversal, descriptivo, siendo la población el personal profesional y técnico de enfermería [...] que laboraba en Emergencia, Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI), Unidad de Cuidados Intermedios (UCEMIN), Cirugía General, Centro Quirúrgico, Neonatología y Hemodiálisis del Hospital Nacional Almanzor Aguinaga EsSalud de Chiclayo; se tomó una muestra de 117 trabajadores, evaluándose el nivel de conocimientos mediante cuestionario y el cumplimiento mediante una guía de observación. Resultados: UCI y Centro Quirúrgico tuvieron un nivel de conocimientos alto, tanto en profesionales como técnicos de enfermería. Sobre cumplimiento de normas de bioseguridad, los resultados fueron variados, siendo el mayor en centro quirúrgico y el menor en cirugía y UCEMIN. Existen errores comunes: mal uso de guantes no realizando cambio oportuno, menor frecuencia de lavado de manos, consumo de alimentos en áreas no adecuadas, reencapuchado de las agujas, etc. Conclusiones: Existe un alto grado de conocimiento de las normas de bioseguridad por el personal profesional y técnico de enfermería; sin embargo, el cumplimiento de las normas de bioseguridad es en promedio de nivel 2 (30 a 60%). Abstract in english Objectives: To determine knowledge and fulfilment of biosecurity standards in nurses and nurse technicians who work in high risk areas. Material and Methods: Transversal, prospective and descriptive study. Population included nurses and nurse technicians who work at Emergency, Intensive Care Unit (I [...] CU), Intermediate Care Unit (UCEMIN), General Surgery, Surgical Center, Neonatology and Hemodialysis services at Chiclayo Almanzor Aguinaga National Hospital, EsSalud. The sample included 117 workers, sample obtained by systematic and probabilistic selection. Knowledge level was determined by questionnaire and fulfilment by observation guide levels. Results: ICU and Surgical Centers nurses and nurse technicians had a high level of knowledge in biosecurity standards; fulfilment varied from high fulfilment at the Surgical Center and least at General Surgery and UCEMIN; there were several common mistakes, such as, bad use of gloves, low frequency of hand washing, eating foods in not allowed places and needle hooding. Conclusions: There is a high level of knowledge on biosecurity standards in nurses and nurse technicians but fulfilment of the standards was level 2 (30 to 60%) only.
Mitty, Ethel; Flores, Sandi
Admission assessment, generally conducted by a registered nurse, is autonomous, without opportunity for dialogue with colleagues and other health care professionals and bounded by the nurse's knowledge and skills, state regulations, facility practices, and marketing. The fact that some states permit admission and retention of nursing home level-of-care residents and provision of end-of-life care means that the assessment has to be able to predict the resident's likely trajectory of well-being as well as chronic illness exacerbation. The nurse must have a clear perspective on staff competencies and judge whether additional education or training will be necessary. This article reviews assessment standards of practice as put forth by the American Assisted Living Nurses Association as part of its application for recognition of assisted living nursing as specialty nursing practice by the American Nurses Association. The role of the Licensed Practical Nurse/Licensed Vocational Nurse in resident assessment is also discussed. PMID:17292794
Dr. Kari Lee Siko; Dr. Robin K. Franklin
iPads are being used in a variety of education contexts; however, there have been limited research studies conducted in higher education. This lack of research presents a void in the knowledge base for educational uses of iPads with teacher candidates. Additionally, as of May 2012, 45 states have adopted the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) for English language arts (ELA) and mathematics with full implementation rapidly pending (Common Core State Standards, 2011). The researchers conduct...
Pang, Samantha M C; Chan, Sunshine S S; Cheng, Yichuan
As nurses constitute the largest group of health-care providers, their readiness to respond to disasters and to participate in preparedness and disaster recovery activities will be significant for making a community more resilient against disaster. Concern is raised regarding how to build the capacity of all nurses with a knowledge base and a minimum set of skills in responding to various disasters. Drawing on the ICN Framework of Disaster Nursing Competencies and Global Standards for the Initial Education of Professional Nurses and Midwives, a training program entitled "Introduction to Disaster Nursing" was developed. Four teaching methods including action learning, problem-based learning, skill training, and lecture were used to orchestrate a series of planned activities for helping students develop the required disaster nursing competencies in a 2-week intensive training program held in Sichuan China in July 2009. The pre- and post-tests which were given to assess the students' perceived level of competencies demonstrated a significant gain in relevant knowledge and skills constituting the required competencies upon completion of the program. In the program evaluation, most students indicated their willingness and capability in disaster relief work under supervision, and they were keen to advance their competencies in the field of disaster nursing. PMID:19909443
Full Text Available Background: Duty of a nurse-manager is to realize importance of integration of newly employed nurse for forming coherent, unique and efficacious team. Integration of newly employed nurses, especially those without working experience, includes acceptance of standards that have been already accepted by other employees. The aim of this investigation was to show the importance of integration, in the first place the education for further professional improvement of young nurses. Methodology: Each year, in September/October the Educative Program (EP for young nurses is organized at the Institute for Oncology and Radiology of Serbia. The program consists of 24 hours of theoretical lectures, and of 28 hours of practical teaching. At the beginning and at end of EP, the written test for knowledge checking is obligatory for all participants. Results: From September 2001 till June 2002, a group of twenty-two young nurses with no working experience were employed on a full-time basis at the Institute for Oncology and Radiology of Serbia. The median age was 22 years (range: 20-24yers. Sixteen of them (73% started attending the EP during 2002/2003. At the end of course all of them passes the written exam (half of attendees showed excellent results. Conclusion: Integration of young nurses mainly depends on the organization of continual education - the activity that has to become an obligation in all health institutions.
The application of nursing models has been a recent theme in British nursing. Part of this process is the development of a nursing philosophy which underpins the model. Nurses at clinical level are often required to define their philosophy to meet clinical, educational and managerial objectives. The first part of this two-part article explores the significance of nursing philosophy to practice. In the second part, a case study is used to illustrate how clinical nurses can set about defining a philosophy of nursing for themselves. Dickoff et al (1) indicate that a philosophy is significant in the generation of theory. By identifying the nature of practice, theoretical relationships become apparent. It is also significant as Johnson (2) states in nursing's development as a profession. Johnson further asserts that nurses should use their beliefs to build a conceptual system of the person to be served and an abstract model for practice which allows such purpose to be fulfilled. However a nurse's beliefs and values about nursing may have no theoretical substance to them. They may be purely intuitive in nature. Writing a philosophy legitimates intuition. Kitson (3) considers that nurse theorists who believe that only developing a knowledge base through a scientific approach are at risk of throwing away the intuitive sources of knowledge within nursing. Yet gut reactions have been shown to be critical in the development of excellence in nursing (4). Kitson believes that intuitions can lead to developing 'grassroots standards of care' and a clearer definition of what nursing is.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2615864
Liu, N; Zhou, M-W; Krassioukov, A V; Biering-SÃ¸rensen, F
STUDY DESIGN: Interventional training sessions. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of training medical students in the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (ISNCSCI). SETTING: A Peking University teaching hospital. METHODS: A total of 46 medical...... students were involved in the study. First, they had a 2-h self-study session with the ISNCSCI booklet, followed by a 10-item questionnaire. The booklet was allowed for use as a reference during this assessment. Two days later, the questionnaire was repeated without the use of reference. Students then had...... the second session with case presentations. The mean score of the final test increased significantly to 9.61 Â± 0.88 (P<0.01) in comparison with the previous tests. The overall correct response rates by students in determining sensory level, motor level and American Spinal Injury Association Impairment...
Hamric, Ann B.; Hanson, Charlene M.
Explains why content related to role acquisition and transition is critical in preparing advanced practice nurses. Recommends teaching strategies and timing and placement options for role content in graduate education. (Contains 26 references.) (SK)
Kaltoft, Mette Kjer
All healthcare visions, including that of The TIGER (Technology-Informatics-Guiding-Educational-Reform) Initiative envisage a crucial role for nursing. However, its 7 descriptive pillars do not address the disconnect between Nursing Informatics and Nursing Ethics and their distinct communities in...... nursing. The aim is to aid 'how nurses and other health care scientists more clearly identify clinical and other relevant data that can be captured to inform future comparative effectiveness research. 'A prescriptive, theory-based discipline of '(Nursing) Decisionics' expands the Grid for Volunteer...
... Kids Deal With Bullies Pregnant? What to Expect Nursing Positions KidsHealth > Parents > Pregnancy & Baby > All About Breastfeeding > ... and actually needs to feed. Getting Comfortable With Breastfeeding Nursing can be one of the most challenging ...
Walters, Kirk; Smith, Toni; Leinwand, Steve; Ford, Jennifer; Scheopner Torres, Aubrey
This study was designed in response to a request from rural educators in the Northeast for support in identifying high-quality online resources to implement the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM). The process for identifying online resources included selecting resources that had an easily navigable CCSSM organizational structure
Toerner, Michael C.; Swindle, C. Bruce; Burckel, Daryl V.
Professional accountants regularly search the FASB'S Accounting Standards Codification to find answers to financial accounting questions. Accounting educators know this and frequently use research cases in an attempt to help students begin developing this ability. But many students struggle with these cases because they have not been taught how toâ¦
Kirby, Sarah D.; Chilcote, Amy G.
This article describes the Energy Transformation 4-H school enrichment curriculum. The curriculum addresses energy efficiency and conservation while meeting sixth-grade science essential standards requirements. Through experiential learning, including building and testing a model home, youth learn the relationship between various technologies and
Kirby, Sarah D.; Chilcote, Amy G.
This article describes the Energy Transformation 4-H school enrichment curriculum. The curriculum addresses energy efficiency and conservation while meeting sixth-grade science essential standards requirements. Through experiential learning, including building and testing a model home, youth learn the relationship between various technologies andâ¦
This article discusses the principles-based approach that emphasizes a "why" question by using the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) "Conceptual Framework for Financial Reporting" to question and understand the basis for specific differences between IFRS and U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S.
Marta Pernas GÃ³mez
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar la proporciÃ³n en que se proyecta la utilizaciÃ³n de los diferentes escenarios de formaciÃ³n docente-asistencial en los territorios del paÃs para la carrera de Licenciatura en EnfermerÃa. MÃTODOS: Se analizÃ³ y aprobÃ³ en los colectivos de asignatura de la disciplina EnfermerÃa de los diferentes centros de formaciÃ³n del paÃs (CEMS una propuesta de distribuciÃ³n en escenarios de atenciÃ³n primaria (APS y secundaria (hospitales del fondo de tiempo de educaciÃ³n en el trabajo que aparece en los programas propuestos por la ComisiÃ³n Nacional de Carrera (CNC. RESULTADOS: Se aprecia heterogeneidad en la distribuciÃ³n de horas propuesta por los diversos CEMS para las asignaturas consultadas, aunque en todas, la mayorÃa de los CEMS -y en algunos casos, la totalidad- reconoce el hospital como escenario principal para la formaciÃ³n de enfermeros, tanto de nivel tÃ©cnico como profesional. Varios centros no se pronunciaron sobre las actividades de educaciÃ³n en el trabajo en el perÃodo interencuentros, lo que debe ser objeto de anÃ¡lisis ulterior, por la importancia que se atribuye a esa parte de la formaciÃ³n en la estrategia del plan de estudio. CONCLUSIONES: Los profesores de estos colectivos de asignatura identifican al hospital como escenario preferencial para la formaciÃ³n. Se requieren otras investigaciones para buscar una caracterizaciÃ³n de los factores asociados a la falta de proyecciÃ³n del tiempo de educaciÃ³n en el perÃodo interencuentros por algunas asignaturas y centros.OBJECTIVE: To characterize the ratio in which the use of different scenarios of teaching-assisting training in all the country for the Nursing Degree career is planned. METHODS: A proposal of distribution of primary care scenarios (PCS and secondary (hospitals of the education time reservoir in the tasks appearing in the programs proposed by the National Commission of Career (NCC was analyzed and approved. RESULTS: There is heterogeneity in the hours distribution proposed the different NCCs for the looked up subjects, although in all of them, most of the NCCs _ and in some cases the total, recognize the hospital as the main scenario to nurses training at technical and professional level. Some institutions don't gave opinion on the work education activities during the inter-meetings period, which must to be subsequently analyzed due to significance of that part of the training in the study plan strategy. CONCLUSIONS: Professors of these subject staff identify the hospital like the training preferential scenario. Other researchers are needed to find a characterization of factors associated with the lack of projection of education time during the inter-meeting period by some subjects and centers.
A study involving 300 nursing students, 155 nurse practitioners, and 80 assessors tested a model of responsive assessment that includes identification of learning needs and potential, assignment to suitable placements, continuous assessment of clinical practice and patient care, and alignment of teaching and assessment with patient needs and
Kelley, Frances J.; Kopac, Catharine
Responses from 140 nursing schools indicated that most taught health assessment to nurse practitioners as a separate course; public institutions were more involved in computer-assisted instruction. Faculty cited scarce resources and limited time to develop new teaching strategies. Most agreed that graduate courses should focus on differential
Kaddorura, Mahmood; Williams, Collette
Case study pedagogy is a teaching strategy in which teachers hope to help students develop and use critical thinking (CT) abilities. This study compared CT skills of 75 second year generic accelerated baccalaureate nursing students during their Fundamentals of Nursing course before and after being educated using case study pedagogical method.
Winkelstein, Marilyn L.; Quartey, Ruth; Pham, Luu; Lewis-Boyer, LaPricia; Lewis, Cassia; Hill, Kimberly; Butz, Arlene
This paper describes a school-based asthma education program for rural elementary school nurses. The program was designed to teach school nurses in 7 rural counties in Maryland how to implement and to reinforce asthma management behaviors in children with asthma and their caregivers. Rural nurses who participated in this program increased their
Becker, Brenda Anne
Background: Minimal research exists regarding professional identity in nursing faculty. The established literature from teaching, nursing, and medicine shows professional identity promotes resilience, collaboration, and positive practice outcomes. These factors would be beneficial in the recruitment, orientation, and retention of nursing faculty.
Capacitação profissional do enfermeiro de um complexo hospitalar de ensino na visão de seus gestores Capacitación profesional del enfermero de un complejo hospitalario de enseñanza en la visión de sus gestores Directors of nursing point of view of the professional capacitating program for nurses working in major teaching medical centers
Juliana Caires de Oliveira Achili Ferreira
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar o perfil de capacitação profissional do enfermeiro de um Complexo Hospitalar de Ensino, a partir da percepção das Diretoras de Enfermagem. MÉTODOS: Nesta pesquisa qualitativa utilizou-se o método do Estudo de Caso e adotou-se a técnica da entrevista semi-estruturada realizada com 12 colaboradores. RESULTADOS: Os dados coletados, analisados utilizando-se a Análise de Conteúdo, possibilitaram o resgate das Categorias Política Institucional, Política de Gerenciamento de Recursos Humanos e Elementos Intervenientes no Processo de Capacitação Profissional do Enfermeiro. CONCLUSÕES: Não há uma política institucional formalizada de capacitação do enfermeiro; a questão salarial é elemento dificultador para a capacitação; a contrapartida das instituições de ensino aparece como recurso para capacitação; dois Institutos não possuem Serviço de Educação Continuada e o perfil demandado é de um profissional com postura ética, conhecimento técnico-científico, capacidade de gerenciar sua equipe, assíduo, pontual e comprometido com a Instituição.OBJETIVO: Caracterizar el perfil de capacitación profesional del enfermero de un Complejo Hospitalario de Enseñanza, a partir de la percepción de las Directoras de Enfermería. MÉTODOS: en esta investigación cualitativa se utilizó el método del Estudio de Caso adoptándose la técnica de la entrevista semi-estructurada realizada con 12 colaboradores. RESULTADOS: Los datos recolectados, analizados por medio del Análisis de Contenido, posibilitaron el rescate de las Categorías Política Institucional, Política de Gerenciamiento de Recursos Humanos y Elementos Intervinientes en el Proceso de Capacitación Profesional del Enfermero. CONCLUSIONES: No hay una política institucional formalizada de capacitación del enfermero; la cuestión salarial es el elemento que dificulta la capacitación; la contrapartida de las instituciones de enseñanza aparece como recurso para capacitación; dos Institutos no poseen Servicio de Educación Continua y el perfil demandado es el de un profesional con postura ética, conocimiento técnico-científico, capacidad para gerenciar su equipo, asiduo, puntual y comprometido con la Institución.OBJECTIVE: To characterize the components of a capacitating program for nurses working in major teaching medical centers. METHODS: A case study approach was used to conduct this study. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 12 directors of nursing. Data were analyzed through content analysis. RESULTS: The findings consisted of the following themes: Institutional politics, human resources policies, and specific intervening elements of the professional capacitating program for nurses. CONCLUSIONS: There were no formal institutional policies for professional capacitation of nurses. The nurses' salary level was an element that made the implementation of a professional capacitating program for nurses difficult. Two medical centers did not have a department of continuing education. In addition, there was a need for capacitating nurses to: behave ethically; develop scientific, technical, and management knowledge; and, be assiduous, punctual, and committed to the institution.
Avaliação da realização e do registro da Sistematização da Assistência de enfermagem (SAE em um hospital universitário Evalución de la realización y registro de las etapas de la sistematizacion de la atención de enfermeria en un hospital universitário Evaluation of nursing care systematization through the phases of nursing process performance and registration in a teaching hospital
Maria Ângela Reppetto
Full Text Available Estudo descritivo que teve por objetivo identificar a realização e o registro das etapas da Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem SAE- pelo processo de enfermagem e também os diagnósticos de enfermagem mais freqüentes. Os dados foram obtidos pela análise retrospectiva do total de 135 prontuários de pacientes internados no período de janeiro a julho de 2002 nas unidades de Cardiologia, Doenças Infecto-Parasitárias no Adulto e Neurocirurgia de um Hospital Universitário da cidade de São Paulo. As fases: histórico, diagnóstico, prescrição, evolução e anotações de enfermagem foram realizadas e registradas nas três unidades, porém, constatou-se falhas na sistematização relativas ao registro de diagnósticos de enfermagem sem constar o histórico, e o registro de prescrições sem evoluções. O diagnóstico de enfermagem mais freqüente nas três unidades foi risco de infecção.Este estudio descriptivo tuvo como objetivo identificar la realización y registro de las etapas del processo de enfermeria mas frequentemente presentados por pacientes internados en tres enfermerias de um Hospital Universitário de la ciudad de São Paulo. Fueron analisados 135 prontuáros de pacientes internados de enero a julho de 2002 en las enfermarias de Cardiologia, Molestias Infecciosas y Parasitárias de Adulto y Neurocirugia. Las fases: histórico, diagnóstico, prescripción, evolución y anotación de enfermeira fueron realizadas y registradas en las tres unidades. Entretanto, se constato que existen fallas del processo de enfermería, representadas por el registro de diagnósticos de enfermeria sin constar el histórico o el registro de prescripción sin la evolución. El diagnóstico de enfermeria mas frequente en las tres unidades fue risco para infección.This descriptive study was carried out in a teaching hospital at São Paulo city and had as objective to identify the phases performance and registration of nursing care systematization and the most frequent nursing diagnoses. Data were collected retrospectively from 135 patients records of three units: Cardiology, Adult Infectious Diseases and Neurosurgery, from January to July, 2002. The phases: history, nursing diagnoses, prescription, evolution and assessment were performed and registered in the three units, however, it was verified systematization gaps performance related to nursing diagnoses registered without the realization of nursing history and nursing prescriptions without evolution. The most frequent nursing diagnosis in the three units was risk for infection.
Avaliação da realização e do registro da Sistematização da Assistência de enfermagem (SAE) em um hospital universitário / Evaluation of nursing care systematization through the phases of nursing process performance and registration in a teaching hospital / Evalución de la realización y registro de las etapas de la sistematizacion de la atención de enfermeria en un hospital universitário
Maria Ângela, Reppetto; Mariana Fernandes de, Souza.
Full Text Available Estudo descritivo que teve por objetivo identificar a realização e o registro das etapas da Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem SAE- pelo processo de enfermagem e também os diagnósticos de enfermagem mais freqüentes. Os dados foram obtidos pela análise retrospectiva do total de 135 prontuári [...] os de pacientes internados no período de janeiro a julho de 2002 nas unidades de Cardiologia, Doenças Infecto-Parasitárias no Adulto e Neurocirurgia de um Hospital Universitário da cidade de São Paulo. As fases: histórico, diagnóstico, prescrição, evolução e anotações de enfermagem foram realizadas e registradas nas três unidades, porém, constatou-se falhas na sistematização relativas ao registro de diagnósticos de enfermagem sem constar o histórico, e o registro de prescrições sem evoluções. O diagnóstico de enfermagem mais freqüente nas três unidades foi risco de infecção. Abstract in spanish Este estudio descriptivo tuvo como objetivo identificar la realización y registro de las etapas del processo de enfermeria mas frequentemente presentados por pacientes internados en tres enfermerias de um Hospital Universitário de la ciudad de São Paulo. Fueron analisados 135 prontuáros de pacientes [...] internados de enero a julho de 2002 en las enfermarias de Cardiologia, Molestias Infecciosas y Parasitárias de Adulto y Neurocirugia. Las fases: histórico, diagnóstico, prescripción, evolución y anotación de enfermeira fueron realizadas y registradas en las tres unidades. Entretanto, se constato que existen fallas del processo de enfermería, representadas por el registro de diagnósticos de enfermeria sin constar el histórico o el registro de prescripción sin la evolución. El diagnóstico de enfermeria mas frequente en las tres unidades fue risco para infección. Abstract in english This descriptive study was carried out in a teaching hospital at São Paulo city and had as objective to identify the phases performance and registration of nursing care systematization and the most frequent nursing diagnoses. Data were collected retrospectively from 135 patients records of three uni [...] ts: Cardiology, Adult Infectious Diseases and Neurosurgery, from January to July, 2002. The phases: history, nursing diagnoses, prescription, evolution and assessment were performed and registered in the three units, however, it was verified systematization gaps performance related to nursing diagnoses registered without the realization of nursing history and nursing prescriptions without evolution. The most frequent nursing diagnosis in the three units was risk for infection.
Ensino do cuidado de enfermagem em saúde mental através do discurso docente / Teaching mental health nursing care through the faculty's discourse / Enseñanza sobre el cuidado de enfermería en la salud mental através del discurso docente
Jeferson, Rodrigues; Silvia Maria Azevedo dos, Santos; Jonas Salomão, Spricigo.
Full Text Available Investigamos como se materializa o ensino do cuidado de enfermagem em saúde mental nos discursos dos docentes que ministram os conteúdos de enfermagem psiquiátrica e/ou saúde mental nos quatro cursos de graduação em enfermagem mais antigos do Estado de Santa Catarina, sendo um deles público, e três, [...] privados. O período de coleta dos dados foi de março a maio de 2010. Utilizamos a pesquisa qualitativa, do tipo descritiva e exploratória, tendo como técnica de coleta de dados, grupos de discussão. A perspectiva hermenêutico-dialética possibilitou a análise dos dados. Nos resultados, evidenciamos nos discursos docentes a ausência do paradigma de atenção psicossocial e de um ensino baseado na psicopatologia. Concluímos que o ensino do cuidado de enfermagem em saúde mental requer um referencial teórico baseado em paradigmas coerentes com a realidade local e a do Sistema Único de Saúde. Abstract in spanish Se investigó de que forma se materializa la enseñanza sobre el cuidado de la enfermería en la salud mental en los discursos de los docentes que enseñan los contenidos de Enfermería Psiquiátrica y/o salud mental en los cuatro Cursos de Graduación en Enfermería más antiguos en el Estado de Santa Catar [...] ina, Brasil, uno público y tres, privados. El período de recolección de datos fue de marzo hasta mayo de 2010. Se utilizó el abordaje de investigación cualitativa, de tipo descriptiva-exploratoria, teniendo como técnica para la obtención de datos los grupos de discusión. La perspectiva hermenéutica-dialéctica posibilitó el análisis de los datos. Desde los resultados, evidenciamos en los discursos de los docentes la ausencia del paradigma de atención psicosocial y una educación basada en la psicopatología. Se llega a la conclusión de que la enseñanza de los cuidados de enfermería en salud mental requiere un marco teórico basado en paradigmas acordes con las realidades locales y el Sistema Único de Salud. Abstract in english We investigated how mental health nursing care occurs through the discourse of faculty teaching psychiatric and/or mental health nursing contents in the four oldest nursing undergraduate courses in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil, one of which is public, and the other three, private. Data collec [...] tion was performed between March and May of 2010. This is a qualitative, descriptive and exploratory study. Data were collected in discussion groups, and analyzed according to the hermeneutic-dialectic perspective. The results showed that the faculty's discourses lacked the paradigm of psychosocial care and teaching based on psychopathology. In conclusion, teaching mental health nursing requires a theoretical framework based on paradigms consistent with the local situation and the Unified Health System.
Jacinta Maria Morais Formiga
Full Text Available Este artigo tece algumas considerações reflexivas sobre o ensino de Administração em Enfermagem, desde a sua origem até os dias atuais. Ressalta o papel de Florence Nightingale e suas idéias modernizadoras na Enfermagem, destacando a visão administrativa presente no trabalho do enfermeiro. A seguir, apresenta a trajetória desse ensino na Educação em Enfermagem no Brasil. Assim sendo, tem como objetivo registrar a sua evolução, analisando suas diferentes fases e os fatores que determinaram as mudanças ocorridas. Podemos afirmar que esse ensino até a década de 70 foi marcado por um viés conservador e autoritário. A partir dos anos 80, vem mudando essa postura e isso se expressa pelas publicações mais críticas e pelo debate no interior da profissão, em sintonia, naturalmente, com o processo de abertura democrática que se instalou no país.Este artículo tece algunas consideraciones reflexivas sobre la enseñanza de administracíon en enfermería, desde su origen hasta los días actuales. Resalta él papel de Florene Nightingale y sus ideas modernistas en la enfermería, destacando la visíon administrativa presente en él trabajo del enfermero. En seguida, presenta la tryectoria de esa enseñanza en la educación en enfermería en Brasil. Así, tiene como objeto determinado las transformaciones ocurridas. Podremos afirmar que esa enseñanza, hasta la década de 70, fue marcada por un modo conservador y autoritario. A partir de los años 80, viene cambiando esa postura que se expresa por las publicaciones más críticas y por él debate de la profesión, en sintonía, naturalmente, con él proceso de apertura democratica que se ha instalado en él país.This article traces some developments in the teaching of Administration in Nursing, from its origins to the present time. The role of Florence Nightingale and her modern ideas in Nursing, are emphasized, focusing on the administrative vision of work in nursing. The work presents the trajectory of this teaching in nursing education in Brazil. Therefore, the goal is to register its evolution and analyze the different phases and factors that determined the changes that have occurred. We can affirm that this teaching, up to the 70's, was marked by conservative authoritarian practices. Beginning in the 80's, there have been changes in this posture and this has been expressed in the more critical publications and through debate within the profession, in syntony, naturally, with the democratic opening that has taken place in the country.
Nursing home checklist Name of nursing home: ____________________________________________________ Address: ________________________________________________________________ Phone number: __________________________________________________________ Date of visit: _____________________________________________________________ Basic information Yes No Notes Is the nursing home Medicare certified? Is the nursing ...
Burke, Mary S; Ellis, D Michele
The purpose of this study was to describe the technological stressors that nurse educators experienced when using electronic health records while teaching clinical courses. Survey results indicated that educators had mild to moderate technological stress when teaching the use of electronic health records to students in clinical nursing courses. PMID:26164324
Garcia, Amy; Caspers, Barbara; Westra, Bonnie; Pruinelli, Lisianne; Delaney, Connie
Nurse leaders and researchers are challenged by the need for sharable and comparable data on the nursing workforce and the processes of patient care. This is significant, as nursing is the largest health care workforce, with significant operational costs. The Nursing Management Minimum Data Set provides a core set of data elements to compare nursing practice across time, diverse health care settings, and geographical areas. Nursing leaders from practice, association, academic, consulting, and industry settings were interviewed to provide perspectives on how the use of standardized data sets can be useful for the profession. PMID:26340240
Ebrahimzade; Mooghali; Bagheri Lankarani; Kalateh Sadati
Background Burnout, which is mostly found among workers in social services like nursing and teaching, is a continued response to stressful stimuli at work. Objectives Considering the importance of management in nursing, we investigated the relationship between managers leadership styles and nurses burnout. Patients and Methods This cross-sectional study was performed at Shahid Dr...
Bruna Brenha, Ribeiro; Juliane Beatrice, Eckert; Anna Carolina de Miranda e, Figueiredo; Wania Maria Papile, Galhardi; Célia Martins, Campanaro.
Full Text Available Diante das mudanças curriculares do ensino médico e da importância da promoção de saúde e da atenção primária, este trabalho, fruto do PET-Saúde, possui como objetivo relatar uma experiência dos alunos do curso de Medicina e Enfermagem na integração entre ensino e serviço na Atenção Básica à Saúde. [...] Além disso, mostra a importância do trabalho educativo na promoção de saúde e prevenção de doenças e evidencia os determinantes sociais no processo saúde-doença no território estudado. Este projeto foi dividido em duas fases: a primeira constou do cadastramento familiar do território adstrito à Unidade Saúde da Família do bairro utilizado como campo de ensino pela FMJ. A segunda trata da análise quanti-qualitativa realizada a partir dos dados colhidos, por meio dos quais foram elaboradas ações com foco na saúde da criança, saúde da mulher e saúde do adulto/idoso. Este artigo destaca as realizações na área de saúde da criança sobre os seguintes temas: acidentes na infância; aleitamento materno; obesidade; doenças respiratórias; anemia; e verminoses. Abstract in english Given curricular changes in medical education and the importance of health promotion and primary care, the current study, which resulted from the Educational Program for Health Work (PET-Saúde), aimed to report on the experience of a group of medical and nursing students with the integration of educ [...] ational activities and primary healthcare. The study also demonstrates the importance of educational work in health promotion and disease prevention and reveals social determinants in the health-disease process in the study area. The project included two phases: 1) enrollment of families in the coverage area of the Family Health Unit in the neighborhood used as the teaching area for the Jundiai School of Medicine (FMJ) and 2) a quantitative and qualitative data analysis, used to prepare activities with a focus on the health of children, women, and adults and the elderly. This article emphasizes the achievements in children's health on the following issues: prevention of childhood accidents; breastfeeding; obesity; respiratory diseases; anemia; and intestinal parasites.
Development of quality standards in inflammatory bowel disease management and design of an evaluation tool of nursing care / Desarrollo de estándares de calidad para la enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal y diseño de un instrumento de evaluación de los cuidados de enfermería
Antonio, Torrejón; Lorena, Oltra; Paloma, Hernández-Sampelayo; Laura, Marín; Valle, García-Sánchez; Francesc, Casellas; Noelia, Alfaro; Pablo, Lázaro; María Isabel, Vera.
Full Text Available Introducción y objetivos: el manejo de la enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal (EII) por enfermería es muy relevante, sin embargo, existe una gran variabilidad en su práctica clínica. El objetivo de esta investigación es desarrollar estándares de calidad asistencial del manejo de la EII por enfermería [...] , para elaborar un "Instrumento de Evalua-ción de la Calidad Asistencial de la EII por Enfermería" (IEC-EII). Métodos: tras una búsqueda bibliográfica del manejo de la EII por enfermería se elaboró un cuestionario de 178 ítems de calidad asistencial. Con este cuestionario, se realizaron dos estudios Delphi a dos rondas: Delphi A dirigido a 27 profesionales sanitarios en EII y Delphi B a 12 pacientes. Con los ítems de ambos estudios Delphi, se elaboró una lista que, junto con la opinión experta del Comité Científico, contribuyó a desarrollar el IEC-EII. Resultados: el IEC-EII se compone de 90 ítems, subdivididos en 13 dimensiones que miden aspectos del manejo de la EII por enfermería como: infraestructura, servicios, recursos humanos, tipo de organización, competencias asumidas por enfermería, información de enfermería al paciente, formación de enfermería, revisiones anuales de la actividad de enfermería e investigación de enfermería de EII. La evaluación de estos aspectos mediante el IEC-EII permite clasificar la calidad asistencial en EII por enfermería en 4 categorías de la A a la D. Siendo A el nivel de calidad superior y D el inferior. Conclusiones: el IEC-EII puede contribuir a aumentar la calidad asistencial de enfermería en EII y reducir su variabilidad, puesto que la evaluación ayudará a detectar sus deficiencias mejorables. Abstract in english Background and aims: nursing management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is highly relevant for patient care and outcomes. However, there is evidence of substantial variability in clinical practices. The objectives of this study were to develop standards of healthcare quality for nursing manageme [...] nt of IBD and elaborate the evaluation tool "Nursing Care Quality in IBD Assessment" (NCQ-IBD) based on these standards. Methods: a 178-item healthcare quality questionnaire was developed based on a systematic review of IBD nursing management literature. The questionnaire was used to perform two 2-round Delphi studies: Delphi A included 27 IBD healthcare professionals and Delphi B involved 12 patients. The NCQ-IBD was developed from the list of items resulting from both Delphi studies combined with the Scientific Committee's expert opinion. Results: the final NCQ-IBD consists of 90 items, organized in 13 sections measuring the following aspects of nursing management of IBD: infrastructure, services, human resources, type of organization, nursing responsibilities, nurse-provided information to the patient, nurses training, annual audits of nursing activities, and nursing research in IBD. Using the NCQ-IBD to evaluate these components allows the rating of healthcare quality for nursing management of IBD into 4 categories: A (highest quality) through D (lowest quality). Conclusions: the use of the NCQ-IBD tool to evaluate nursing management quality of IBD identifies areas in need of improvement and thus contribute to an enhancement of care quality and reduction in clinical practice variations.
Rosalba Cárdenas Ramos; Fanny Hernández Gaviria
The aim of this article is to present the outcomes of an exploration of in-service teachers' perspectives in relation to an opportunity to teach and learn standards in English. A workshop for English teachers from Cali (Colombia) and the neighboring rural sectors was designed and carried out in order to collect the information. Teachers' perspectives about the topic were explored in terms of three aspects: general considerations that underlie opportunities to learn; standards and conditions i...
Pittman, Margaret Evans
The dissertation's purpose was to document and discuss what 10 elementary science teachers, deemed exemplary by administrators, do in the science classroom to reflect the National Science Education Teaching Standards. To make implications for teacher education this report also explored these teachers' science professional development backgrounds. A qualitative triangulated approach of surveys, interviews and observations was used to document actualities, of what theorists have proposed should take place in a standards-based elementary science classroom. Several behavior patterns were identified among these exemplary teachers and their students. These teachers organized for collaborative and individual responsibility; planned according to the needs and interests of their students; encouraged scientific discourse and decision making among their students; facilitated the scientific inquiry process with hands-on, higher-order activities; and used alternative assessment strategies. They were involved in collaboration with peers in planning, training, and decision malting at the school, district, state, and national levels. Exposure to professional development and experience were identified as having the greatest influence on these exemplary teachers. During science lessons taught by these teachers, students were observed in high degrees of cooperation and collaboration with peers while engaging in higher-order discourse and process inquiry, regardless of their academic or social levels. Implications for science teachers' professional development are made, as are suggestions for future research in this area.
Cardoso, Sónia; Tavares, Orlanda; Sin, Cristina
In recent years, initiatives for the improvement of teaching quality have been pursued both at European and national levels. Such is the case of the European Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance (ESG) and of legislation passed by several European countries, including Portugal, in response to European policy developments driven by the
Cárdenas Ramos, Rosalba; Hernández Gaviria, Fanny
The aim of this article is to present the outcomes of an exploration of in-service teachers' perspectives in relation to an opportunity to teach and learn standards in English. A workshop for English teachers from Cali (Colombia) and the neighboring rural sectors was designed and carried out in order to collect the information. Teachers'
Acuña, Tina Botwright; Kelder, Jo-Anne; Able, Amanda J.; Guisard, Yann; Bellotti, William D.; McDonald, Glenn; Doyle, Richard; Wormell, Paul; Meinke, Holger
This paper reports on the perspective of industry stakeholders in a national project to develop a Learning and Teaching Academic Standards (LTAS) Statement for the Agriculture discipline. The AgLTAS Statement will be aligned with the Science LTAS Statement published in 2011 and comprise a discourse on the nature and extent of the Agriculture
Nilva Lúcia Rech, Stedile; Maria Romana, Friendlander.
Full Text Available Ensinar alunos a aprender a aprender é um desafio para as escolas que pretendem formar indivíduos autônomos e capazes de tomar decisões. Esses são aspectos essenciais para profissionais da área da saúde que se defrontam permanentemente com situações complexas e com uma multiplicidade de problemas a [...] serem resolvidos pela atuação profissional. O desejo de mudanças, explícito no discurso dos educadores, não garante alterações substanciais na forma como o ensino vem sendo desenvolvido. Como promover essas alterações é uma pergunta ainda sem resposta. Os estudos desenvolvidos, nas duas últimas décadas, sobre metacognição parecem apontar uma estratégia possível de ser utilizada para transformar conhecimento em conduta profissional relevante, uma vez que favorece o pensar sobre o processo de pensamento e o desenvolvimento e controle de habilidades mentais capazes de promover maximização no uso das potencialidades individuais necessárias ao enfermeiro para resolver problemas de saúde. Abstract in spanish Enseñar al alumno para que aprenda, es un enorme desafío de las escuelas que intentan formar individuos con autonomía y con capacidad para tomar decisiones. Esta autonomía junto con la capacidad de tomar decisiones, son considerados aspectos primordiales para los profesionales del área de la salud, [...] los cuales constantemente se enfrentan con situaciones complejas y con una diversidad de problemas para solucionarlos a través de su actuación profesional. El hecho de que esta intención esté involucrada en el discurso de los educadores, no garantiza que ocurran alteraciones importantes en la forma como la enseñanza está desarrollándose. ¿Cómo se pueden promover esas alteraciones? Esta es una pregunta aún sin respuesta. Los estudios desarrollados en las dos últimas décadas sobre cognición y metacognición al parecer se orientan hacia una estrategia posible de ser utilizada, para transformar el conocimiento en una conducta profesional relevante, ya que favorece el pensar sobre el proceso del pensamiento y el desarrollo y control de las habilidades mentales capaces de promover al máximo, el uso de las potencialidades individuales necesarias para que el enfermero pueda solucionar problemas de salud. Abstract in english Teaching students to learn how to learn is a challenge for schools that intend to form autonomous people who are capable of taking decisions. These are essential aspects for health professionals who are permanently confronted with complex situations and a multiplicity of problems to be solved by pro [...] fessional actions. The desire for changes, which is explicit in educators' discourse, does not guarantee substantial changes in the form teaching is being developed. The question about how to promote these alterations still remains unanswered. Studies developed in the last two decades about cognition and metacognition seem to indicate a possible strategy to transform knowledge into relevant professional behavior, since it favors thinking about the thinking process as well as the development and control of mental abilities that are capable of maximizing the use of the individual potentialities necessary for a nurse to solve health problems.
Diretrizes curriculares para o ensino da ética na graduação em enfermagem Directivas curriculares para la enseñanza de la ética en el pregrado en enfermería Curriculum guideline for teaching ethics in undergraduate nursing program
Heliane Moura Ferreira
Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta a reflexão das autoras sobre os aspectos filosóficos, sociais e psicopedagógicos que devem sustentar o ensino da ética/bioética para o desenvolvimento moral dos alunos de Enfermagem durante a graduação. Mostra a necessidade de planejamento e sistematização do ensino da ética/bioética nos currículos de graduação em Enfermagem para que possibilitem ao aluno tomar decisões nos mais variados contextos do processo de trabalho em saúde de forma autônoma e reflexiva. As autoras ainda propõem algumas diretrizes para o ensino da ética nos Cursos de Graduação em Enfermagem: Transversalidade do Ensino da Ética/Bioética; Valores/Virtudes/Atitudes éticas a serem desenvolvidas pelos alunos; Fundamentação do ensino da ética/bioética em referenciais consistentes e docentes capacitados; Métodos e Estratégias ativas de ensino-aprendizagem; Processo participativo na construção do ensino transversal da ética/bioética.En este artículo se presenta la reflexión de las autoras sobre los aspectos filosóficos, sociales y psicopedagógicos que deben sustentar la enseñanza de la ética/bioética para el desarrollo moral de los alumnos de Enfermería durante el Pregrado. Muestra la necesidad de planificación y sistematización de la enseñanza de la ética/bioética en los currículos del Pregrado en Enfermería que posibiliten al alumno tomar decisiones en los más variados contextos del proceso de trabajo en salud de forma autónoma y reflexiva. Las autoras aun proponen algunas directivas para la enseñanza de la ética em el Pregrado de Enfermería: Transversalidad de la Enseñanza de la Ética/Bioética; Valores/Virtudes/Actitudes éticas a ser desarrolladas por los alumnos; Fundamentación de la enseñanza de la ética/bioética en referenciales consistentes y docentes capacitados; Métodos y Estrategias activas de enseñanza-aprendizaje; Proceso participativo en la construcción de la enseñanza transversal de la ética/bioética.This article discusses relevant philosophical, social, psychological, and pedagogical aspects that must guide the teaching of ethics/bioethics principles to undergraduate nursing students. There is a need to plan and use a systematic approach in teaching Ethics/Bioethics in the undergraduate nursing program in order to facilitate students' critical thinking and decision making in a variety of situations. The article also proposes an outline for teaching on ethics/bioethics in undergraduate nursing programs. This outline consists of: ethics/bioethics as a transversal subject; values, virtue, and ethical attitudes that students must develop; fundamentals of ethics/bioethics consistent with qualified faculty members, the use of methods and strategies student-centered; and, participative process in the construction of transversal teaching of ethics/bioethics.
Jackson, Jennifer; Kennedy, Maggie
Social media tools provide opportunities for nurses to connect with colleagues and patients and to advance personally and professionally. This article describes the process of developing an innovative social media platform at a large, multi-centre teaching hospital, The Ottawa Hospital, Canada, and its benefits for nurses. The platform, TOH Nurses, was developed using a nursing process approach, involving assessment, planning, implementation and evaluation. The aim of this initiative was to address the barriers to communication inherent in the large number of nurses employed by the organisation, the physical size of the multi-centre hospital and the shift-work nature of nursing. The platform was used to provide educational materials for clinical nurses, and to share information about professional practice. The implications of using a social media platform in a healthcare setting were considered carefully during its development and implementation, including concerns regarding privacy and confidentiality. PMID:26576914
Nursing and other health professionals are increasingly using simulation as a strategy and a tool for teaching and learning at all levels that need clinical training. Nursing education for decades used simulation as an integral part of nursing education. Recent studies indicated that simulation improves nursing knowledge, clinical practice,â¦
Andersson, Ewa Pilhammar
The success of the change from vocational training to academic education for nurses in Sweden depends on faculty competence. Observations at three Swedish nursing schools and interviews with 59 nurse educators identified strategies educators used to maintain teaching competence: being "real" nurses, being prepared in different subjects, and having
O ensino de práticas grupais em enfermagem norteado pelo referencial de Pichon-Rivière / Group teaching in nursing/teaching group nursing practices guided by the Pichon-Rivière theoretical framework / La enseñanza del grupo de práctica de enfermería por el referencial Pichon-Rivière
Roselma, Lucchese; Bruno de Souza, Calixto; Ivânia, Vera; Núbia Inocêncio de, Paula; Camilla Lucchese, Veronesi; Carla Natalina da Silva, Fernandes.
Full Text Available Analisar proposta didático-pedagógica de ensino de tecnologia de grupos para graduação em Enfermagem. Estudo descritivo, qualitativo, do qual participaram 54 estudantes de Enfermagem em 28 sessões de grupos operativos. Tomando a proposta de se aprender grupos fazendo grupos, no interjogo de papéis ( [...] participante, coordenador e observador), os dados foram coletados durante as reuniões dos grupos e passaram pela análise de conteúdo temática, seguindo o referencial de Pichon-Rivière. Das reuniões dos grupos operativos, surgiram três categorias "Aprendizagem da técnica de grupo a partir da realização do grupo", "O grupo no enfrentamento, reflexão e gerenciamento de conflitos", "Indicações e ponto fraco". Apreender grupos fazendo grupos superou o modelo tradicional de ensino, constituindo ferramenta importante na gestão de equipe e de cuidados. Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Analizar la propuesta didáctico-pedagógica de la educación tecnológica de grupos de graduación en Enfermería. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, cualitativo. Participaron 54 estudiantes de Enfermería en 28 sesiones de grupos operativos. Tomando la propuesta de aprender sobre grupo practicando, [...] en el juego de papeles (participante, coordinador y observador), se recogieron datos durante las reuniones del grupo y abordaron estos datos a través del Análisis de Contenido Temático, siguiendo la referencia de Pichon-Rivière. Resultados: De las reuniones de los grupos operativos, emergieron tres categorías: "Aprendizaje de la técnica de grupo a partir de la realización del grupo", "El grupo en el confronto, la reflexión y la gestión de conflictos", "Indicaciones y debilidades". Conclusión: El aprendizaje de hacer grupos superó el modelo tradicional de enseñanza, constituyendo una herramienta importante en la gestión del equipo de dirección y cuidado. Abstract in english To analyze a didactic and pedagogical proposal for undergraduate group learning in a descriptive, qualitative nursing study in which 54 students participated in 28 operative group sessions. Following a proposal for group learning involving interplay among roles (participant, coordinator and observer [...] ), data were collected during group meetings and analyzed for thematic content, following the Pichon-Rivière theoretical framework. From the meetings of the operative groups, three categories emerged: learning group techniques from group work, the group in confrontation, reflection and conflict management, and recommendations and weak points. Learning in groups outperformed the traditional model of teaching, and is an important tool in the management of care and nursing teams.
Valéria Lamb, Corbellini; Beatriz Sebben, Ojeda; Beatriz Regina Lara dos, Santos; Marion, Creutzberg.
Full Text Available Essa pesquisa teve como objetivo analisar como o ensino de graduação na enfermagem, no Rio Grande do Sul construiu o seu saber, desde o primeiro curso, a partir da década de 1950. O estudo envolveu enfermeiras docentes que vivenciaram esse período da história e, para análise documental, foi utilizad [...] a a análise de discurso. Os dados indicam, dentre eles, o currículo mais integrado que busca articular teoria/prática sem fragmentação do saber e a relação ensino-aprendizagem, na qual professor e aluno são sujeitos desse processo. Abstract in spanish Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar como la enseñanza de la pregrado de Enfermería en Río Grande do Sul construyó su saber, desde el primer curso, a partir de la década de 1950. El estudio integró enfermeras docentes que vivenciaron ese periodo de la historia y, para el análisis documenta [...] l, fue utilizado el análisis del discurso.Los datos indican, entre ellos, el curriculum más integrado que busca articular teoría y práctica sin fragmentación del saber y la relación enseñanza aprendizaje, en la cuál el profesor y el alumno son sujetos de ese processo. Abstract in english The purpose of this research was to analyze how the undergraduate teaching of nursing in Rio Grande do Sul has constructed its knowledge, since the first course, as of the decade of 1950s. The survey has involved teaching nurses who have lived such period of our history, and the discourse analysis h [...] as been utilized for the documental analysis. The information data indicate, among them, the most integrated curriculum that seeks articulating theory/practice without fragmenting the knowledge and the teaching-learning relationship, wherein professors and students are subjects of such procedure.
Neely-Smith, Shane L.
Full Text Available As research and funding continue to replace teaching as the central mission in more colleges and universities, nursing faculty will be expected to engage in research endeavours as proof of scholarship involvement. However, the multiple roles of the nursing faculty coupled with the pressure to engage in research and funding endeavours have led to increased stress and burnout and increased attrition rate. The purpose of this paper is to delineate the expected roles of the nursing faculty related to the trilogy of teaching, research and service and recommend that colleges/universities recognize not only research as scholarship, but also teaching and service. An integrative review of the literature using books and journals from nursing and other relevant disciplines related to the multiple roles of nursing faculty was conducted. Teaching is a vital role and should remain the central mission of colleges/universities to ensure effective pedagogy. Institutions of higher learning should adapt an umbrella of scholarship under which falls teaching, research, and service; thus, teaching would be considered scholarship.
Margot R. De Sevo
Background: The Essentials of Baccalaureate Education for Professional Nursing Practice and The Essentials of Genetic and Genomic Nursing: Competencies, Curricula Guidelines, and Outcome Indicators both include competencies expected of nurses working in the 21st century. This research study investigates whether professors currently teaching in baccalaureate programs in the United States possess the knowledge needed to educate nursing students about essential genetics/genomics concepts. Method...
Ian A Grout
Full Text Available In this paper, an online education tool for assisting the teaching and learning of the IEEE 1500 standard testability method, used to support the testing of complex system-on-a-chip (SoC integrated circuits (ICs, is developed and presented. The tool is an Internet browser based tool that supports the ability to investigate key aspects of the standard and its application to embedded core-based IC designs. The tool allows the user to create VHDL descriptions of both the test circuitry and the function circuitry via the Internet browser interface. The key considerations for developing this tool were to provide a computer based learning tool to support the teaching and learning of the standard and its application. This paper is an extended version of a paper presented at the EDUCON 2012 conference in April 2012.
Falk, Nancy L
Aging nurse faculty members are vital human resources who serve as educators, researchers, and leaders within baccalaureate nursing (BSN) programs. On average, aging nurse faculty members are over 50 years of age and face key retirement decisions over the next decade. The purpose of this study was to begin to build substantive theory about academic nurse leaders' perceptions of extending the academic working life of aging nurse faculty members. Nine academic nurse leaders from BSN programs nationwide were interviewed in this grounded theory study. Data were analyzed using constant comparative analysis. Four categories emerged: valuing aging nurse faculty, enduring environmental challenges, recognizing stakeholder incongruence, and readjusting. Findings reveal that aging nurse faculty members are highly valued by academic nurse leaders, bringing wisdom, experience, and institutional, historical, and cultural awareness to their many roles. Yet, some aging nurse faculty fail to keep knowledge, skills, and teaching modes current, which is problematic given the multiple environmental challenges that academic nurse leaders face. Stakeholder incongruence arises as a mismatch between the needs of the BSN program and the skills and contributions of aging nurse faculty members. BSN programs, program leaders, and aging nurse faculty members can lessen incongruence by readjusting to address the pressures, tensions, and ongoing change. PMID:24503313
Thobaben, Marshelle; Roberts, Deborah; French, Susan E; Tallberg, Marianne
A global registered nursing (RN) shortage has caused an increase in migration and international recruitment of nurses. There is growing interest among some countries of having common standards and competencies for entry-level registered nurses to guide future registered nurse agreements between countries or multi-country licensure programs. Nursing education in one country may not be accepted as equivalent for a nurse to become licensed in another country. An exploratory study was conducted to gain a better understanding of how nurses are educated in various countries. Nurse researchers sent a nursing education questionnaire to nurse educators in eleven countries inviting them to participate in the study. Nurse educators from six countries agreed to participate in the study. They provided information about their country's nursing history, types of nursing programs, use of national nursing licensing examination, and political influences on nursing education. The People's Republic of China, Japan and Turkey nurse educators' responses were the first to be analyzed and the results were published in the July/August 2005 issue of Contemporary Nurse (volume 19/1-2). This second article (in Contemporary Nurse volume 20/2) provides information about and a comparison of nursing programs in Canada, Finland and the United States. PMID:16393094
O ensino de enfermagem psiquiátrica no Ceará: a realidade que se esboça / The teaching of psychiatric nursing in Ceará: reality in outline / La enseñanza de enfermería psiquiátrica en Ceará: la realidad que se esboza
Violante Augusta Batista, Braga; Graciette Borges da, Silva.
Full Text Available O ensino da disciplina de Enfermagem Psiquiátrica nos Cursos de Graduação em Enfermagem do Ceará, tema deste estudo, é uma realidade que vem se construindo, fundindo-se, no contexto mais amplo, com o ensino de Enfermagem como um todo. Para estudá-la, procuramos mergulhar no discurso formal das Insti [...] tuições, (Currículos e Programas de Disciplina) e no discurso ideológico dos atores sociais responsáveis pela transmissão do saber aí assimilado, produzido e reproduzido. Na análise, efetuada dentro de uma abordagem histórico-estrutural, foi possível constatar que as disciplinas de Enfermagem Psiquiátrica passam por um momento de reflexão, incertezas e mudanças, provocado pelo processo de reforma curricular e da assistência psiquiátrica. A mudança de paradigma mostra-se, ainda, como uma "utopia" não partilhada integralmente por todos, mas buscada pela maioria. Abstract in spanish La enseñanza de la disciplina de Enfermería Psiquiátrica en los Cursos de Pre-grado en Enfermería en el Estado de Ceará, tema de éste estudio, es una realidad que se viene construyendo, fundiéndose, en el contexto más amplio, con la enseñanza de Enfermería como un todo. Para estudiarla, buscamos sum [...] ergirnos en el discurso formal de las instituciones, ("currículos" y programas de disciplina) y en el discurso ideológico de los actores sociales responsables por la transmisión del saber ahí asimilado, producido y reproducido. En el análisis, hecho dentro de una perspectiva histórico ¾ estructural, fue posible constatar que las disciplinas de Enfermería Psiquiátrica pasan por un momento de reflexión, incertidumbres y mudanzas, provocado por el proceso de reforma curricular y de la asistencia psiquiátrica. El cambio de paradigma se muestra, aún, como una utopía no compartida integralmente por todos, pero buscada por la mayoría. Abstract in english The teaching of Psychiatric Nursing Course in the Nursing Undergraduate Programs in Ceará, topic of this study, is a reality that has been building up, fusing itself, in a broader context, the teaching of Nursing as a whole. To study it, attempts have been made in order to go deep in the Institution [...] s' formal discourse, (Syllabuses, Course Programs) and in the ideological discourse of social actors which are responsible for the passing on the knowledge absorbed there, produced and reproduced. In the analysis under a structural-historical approach it has been possible to notice that the Psychiatric Nursing Courses are going through a moment of reflection, uncertainties and changes which have been originated by the process of syllabus reform and of the psychiatric assistance. The change of paradigm still turns out be an utopia, not wholly shared by everyone concerned, yet searched for by the majority.
O ensino de enfermagem psiquiátrica no Ceará: a realidade que se esboça La enseñanza de enfermería psiquiátrica en Ceará: la realidad que se esboza The teaching of psychiatric nursing in Ceará: reality in outline
Violante Augusta Batista Braga
Full Text Available O ensino da disciplina de Enfermagem Psiquiátrica nos Cursos de Graduação em Enfermagem do Ceará, tema deste estudo, é uma realidade que vem se construindo, fundindo-se, no contexto mais amplo, com o ensino de Enfermagem como um todo. Para estudá-la, procuramos mergulhar no discurso formal das Instituições, (Currículos e Programas de Disciplina e no discurso ideológico dos atores sociais responsáveis pela transmissão do saber aí assimilado, produzido e reproduzido. Na análise, efetuada dentro de uma abordagem histórico-estrutural, foi possível constatar que as disciplinas de Enfermagem Psiquiátrica passam por um momento de reflexão, incertezas e mudanças, provocado pelo processo de reforma curricular e da assistência psiquiátrica. A mudança de paradigma mostra-se, ainda, como uma "utopia" não partilhada integralmente por todos, mas buscada pela maioria.La enseñanza de la disciplina de Enfermería Psiquiátrica en los Cursos de Pre-grado en Enfermería en el Estado de Ceará, tema de éste estudio, es una realidad que se viene construyendo, fundiéndose, en el contexto más amplio, con la enseñanza de Enfermería como un todo. Para estudiarla, buscamos sumergirnos en el discurso formal de las instituciones, ("currículos" y programas de disciplina y en el discurso ideológico de los actores sociales responsables por la transmisión del saber ahí asimilado, producido y reproducido. En el análisis, hecho dentro de una perspectiva histórico ¾ estructural, fue posible constatar que las disciplinas de Enfermería Psiquiátrica pasan por un momento de reflexión, incertidumbres y mudanzas, provocado por el proceso de reforma curricular y de la asistencia psiquiátrica. El cambio de paradigma se muestra, aún, como una utopía no compartida integralmente por todos, pero buscada por la mayoría.The teaching of Psychiatric Nursing Course in the Nursing Undergraduate Programs in Ceará, topic of this study, is a reality that has been building up, fusing itself, in a broader context, the teaching of Nursing as a whole. To study it, attempts have been made in order to go deep in the Institutions' formal discourse, (Syllabuses, Course Programs and in the ideological discourse of social actors which are responsible for the passing on the knowledge absorbed there, produced and reproduced. In the analysis under a structural-historical approach it has been possible to notice that the Psychiatric Nursing Courses are going through a moment of reflection, uncertainties and changes which have been originated by the process of syllabus reform and of the psychiatric assistance. The change of paradigm still turns out be an utopia, not wholly shared by everyone concerned, yet searched for by the majority.
Coulson, M K; Cragg, C E
A qualitative study on the role of the nurse manager was conducted based on interviews with nurse managers in an acute care teaching hospital. Role descriptions revealed many similarities to Mintzberg's (1973) model of management roles, but additional roles, related to the nurse manager's professional responsibilities were identified. Conflicts within and among roles and a strong need for support were themes that were identified throughout the interviews. Suggestions for improving the quality of worklife of the nurse manager and for further research are included. PMID:8603064
Carolina Silva Bandeira de Melo
Full Text Available We analyze the teaching of psychology in the education of nurses in the first decades of the twentieth century in Brazil. We present aspects related to nursing schools from Rio de Janeiro and Belo Horizonte. Topics presented in the psychology courses in the education of nurses were connected to the psychological debates at that time. During this period, we can see the changing from a training based on working experiences to a new model based on the scientific knowledge. The Brazilian government sponsored this transformation, which was grounded in a broad context of the raising of the worth of sciences in the country. Psychological knowledge contributed for the establishment of a new theoretical and practical nursing training. Analyzing teaching of psychology in the education of nurses contributes to a better understanding of psychology as a discipline in Brazil.
Zhang, Yi; Karen A. Monsen; Adam, Terrence J; Pieczkiewicz, David S.; Daman, Megan; Melton, Genevieve B
Time and motion (T&M) studies provide an objective method to measure the expenditure of time by clinicians. While some instruments for T&M studies have been designed to evaluate health information technology (HIT), these instruments have not been designed for nursing workflow. We took an existing open source HIT T&M study application designed to evaluate physicians in the ambulatory setting and rationally adapted it through empiric observations to record nursing activities in the inpatient se...
Scheckel, Martha M; Nelson, Kimberly A
Suicide is a worldwide public health problem. Although preparing nursing students to care for suicidal persons has been a standard part of nursing education for many years, nurses consistently report that they lack competencies in caring for this population of patients. The purpose of this phenomenological and hermeneutical study was to understand the experiences undergraduate nursing students had in regard to caring for suicidal persons. The aim of the study was to obtain insights into the basic preparation of students in the care of suicidal persons to inform pedagogical approaches pertaining to suicide and improve the nursing care for these individuals. Twelve senior nursing students were recruited for the study. Data were collected using in-depth, unstructured interviews. The study themes indicated that (a) when participants read about suicidal persons' mental status and behavior in patient, records they initially feared interacting with and caring for these individuals; (b) participants' abilities to gather information about suicide risk was influenced by how much patients talked with them about their suicidal tendencies; and (c) participants' capacity to provide safe and therapeutic suicide prevention interventions was impacted by judicious critical thinking skills. Teaching strategies that align with the themes are provided. PMID:25223291
Ensino de Enfermagem Obstétrica no Brasil: (desacertos 1972-1996 Enseñanza de Enfermería Obstétrica en Brazil: (desaciertos 1972-1996 Teaching of Obstetrical Nursing in Brazil: successes and failures from 1972 to 1996
Maria Antonieta Rubio Tyrrel
Full Text Available Pesquisa descritiva com abordagem qualitativa. Considera contexto político-social do ensino em Enfermagem (graduação, com ênfase na política de formação. Descreveu-se e analisou-se programas de ensino de Enfermagem Obstétrica (1972-1996, adotados por cinco Instituições de Ensino Superior, uma por região geográfica, para análise dialética da temática e conteúdos. Evidenciou-se que as disciplinas da área atendiam prioritariamente propostas governamentais centradas no ciclo gravídico-puerperal, embora houvesse alguma influência dos movimentos político-sociais, principalmente feminista e sanitarista progressista que fundamentavam o PAISM. Não foram explicitados conteúdos emergentes desses movimentos (saúde da família, subjetividade; violência, gênero, dentre outros. A maioria das instituições encontrava-se em reformulação curricular para atender ao Parecer Nº. 314/94 que determina currículo de formação do enfermeiro generalista no Brasil.Investigación descriptiva con abordaje cualitativo. Considera el contexto político-social de enseñanza en Enfermería (prégrado, con énfasis en la política de formación. Se describió y se analizó programas de enseñanza de Enfermería Obstétrica (1972-1996, adoptados por cinco instituciones de enseñanza superior, una por región geográfica, para análisis dialéctica de temática y contenidos. Se evidenció que disciplinas del área atendían prioritariamente propuestas gubernamentales centradas al ciclo grávido-puerperal, sin embargo influencia de movimientos políticos-sociales, principalmente feminista y sanitarista progresista que fundamentaban el PAISM. No fueran discriminados contenidos emergentes de eses movimientos (salud familiar, subjetividad, violencia, género, entre otros. La mayoría de las instituciones estudiadas se encontraban en reformulación curricular para atender al parecer nº 314/94, lo cual (determina currículo de formación del enfermero generalista en Brasil.Investigation with descriptive and qualitative approach. Political-social context of Nurse teaching are analyzed, with emphasis in policies formation. Teaching programs of Obstetrical Nursing from 1972 to1996 utilized by five graduate teaching schools were described and analyzed according to geographical region, for dialetic analysis of thematic and contents. It was evidenced that disciplines has given priority for governmental purposes centered on pregnant-puerperal cycle, although it should had some political-social movements influence, mainly feminist and progressive sanitation, on which the PAISM is based. The emerging content of these movements were not exposed (family health, subjectivity, violence, gender, among others. Most of institutions were on curricular reformulation to attend the 314/94 statement which determines generalist nurse curriculum in Brazil.
Una metodología alternativa para la enseñanza de la anatomía en los de estudios enfermería de la Universidad de Carabobo An alternative methodology for the teaching of anatomy in Nursing at the University of Carabobo
Nelly Maria Arenas
Full Text Available El propósito del presente estudio es ofrecer una alternativa metodológica para la enseñanza de la Anatomía humana que contribuya a mejorar el rendimiento académico de los Enfermería de la Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud de la Universidad de Carabobo en dicha asignatura. Participaron en el experimento cincuenta estudiantes del ler. Año de Enfermería, cursantes de Anatomía humana, subdivididos en dos grupos identificados como grupo control y experimental. El diseño de la investigación es de tipo casi-experimental y metodología de trabajo es evaluativa-experimental. Para la recolección de la información se utilizaron tres instrumentos: una encuesta tipo escala de Lickert consistente de cuarenta proposiciones relacionadas con la los estudiantes hacia el estudio de la asignatura y la metodología de la enseñanza (EAEAM, acompañada de la escala de Intereses de Thrustone y del Test Psicométrico de Raven, a fin de determinar sus relaciones de acuerdo a los objetivos de la investigación. En función de los resultados empíricos del experimento y de la revisión y recopilación de la literatura del tema en estudio, se presenta una propuesta metodológica para enseñanza de la Anatomía humana, cuya naturaleza teórico-práctica exige: el estudio previo, la observación, la discusión y, fundamentalmente, la disección como alternativa para mejorar el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes de Enfermería.An alternative methodology for teaching of Human Anatomy which contributes to improve academic yield by Nursing students at the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Carabobo is presented. A total of 50 first-year Nursing students who participated in the experiment were divided into 2 groups, control and experimental. This research project was of the almost-experimental type and the work methodology was experimental-evaluation. Three instruments were used to obtain data: an investigation of the Lickert school type consisting of 40 proposals related to the students attitude concerning the study of this discipline and in view of a teaching methodology (EAEAM, accompanied by the school of interests of Thurstone and by the Psychometric Test of Raven, to determine relationships in accordance with the research objectives. In function of empirical results of the experiment and revision of the literature pertaining to this theme, a methodological proposal is presented for the teaching of Human Anatomy; its theoretical-practical nature demands: previous study, observation, discussion and, fundamentally, as an alternative to academic yield by Nursing students.
Full Text Available Background & Aim: Critical thinking is a necessary and important component of nursing profession. Since nurses are not limited to work under predetermined roles and need to meet various needs of patients, they should have critical thinking skills. This study aimed to determine the role of emotional intelligence and its components in critical thinking disposition . Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional study, 118 female nurses working in educational hospitals of Qazvin were selected using quota sampling method. They completed the Trait Metal Mood Scale (TMMS and the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean, standards deviation and Pearson correlation coefficient and inferential statistics (Multiple Regression in the SPSS-16 . Results: The results showed that there was a significant positive correlation between the total score of emotional intelligence with the total score of disposition toward critical thinking (r=0.385. There were also positive relationships between the total score of disposition toward critical thinking with the two subscales of emotional clarity (r=0.459 and emotional healing (r=0.220. There was no statistically significant relationship between the subscale of attention to emotion and total critical thinking score (r=0.117. The subscale of emotional clarity significantly predicted 21% of changes in critical thinking . Conclusion: Nurses who were more aware of their emotions and emotional transparency had higher critical thinking tendency. Empowering critical thinking can directly affect patients conditions. Given the major role of emotional intelligence in critical thinking, teaching nurses such skills could result in better performance and improving the quality of nursing care.
Orientar la asignatura de Anatomía y Fisiología hacia las competencias profesionales de enfermería: Propuesta de un proyecto docente / Orienting the subjects of anatomy and physiology to nursing professional competence: A teaching proposal
Anna, Falcó Pegueroles.
Full Text Available El estudio de la anatomía y la fisiología del cuerpo humano forma parte de las materias básicas e imprescindibles en la formación de los profesionales de la salud. Sin embargo, las competencias profesionales de la enfermería actual, el entorno sanitario, y la interrelación con otras materias del cur [...] rículum, establecen unas necesidades de formación muy específicas en el campo de la anatomía, la fisiología, y la bioquímica. En la actualidad, muchos de los proyectos docentes relativos a estas materias que se imparten en las Escuelas universitarias de Enfermería están diseñados a partir de un modelo tradicional que introduce con éxito al alumno en los conceptos anatómicos y fisiológicos más importantes y fundamentales del cuerpo humano, sin duda, pero no permite a éste integrarlos con el resto de asignaturas ni asegurar el aprendizaje de contenidos útiles y necesarios desde un punto de vista práctico. El presente artículo analiza los factores que explican este desajuste entre los contenidos de la asignatura de anatomía y fisiología y las necesidades de formación; también expone un proyecto docente que orienta los contenidos y los métodos pedagógicos a estas exigencias de formación en enfermería; y busca compartir con otros docentes la experiencia de creación y ejecución de un proyecto de estas características en un momento de transformación académica con motivo de la integración del sistema universitario español al espacio europeo de enseñanza superior. Abstract in english The study of anatomy and physiology of the human body is an essential part in the education of all health professionals. However, the professional competence in todays nursing, the health environment, and their interrelation with other subjects in the nursing curriculum require very specific educat [...] ional needs in the field of anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry. Nowadays, most of the teaching projects on this subject at nursing university schools are designed following a traditional model. This successfully introduces the most important and basic anatomical and physiological concepts to the nursing student but it neither facilitates their integration with other subjects nor ensures the learning of useful and necessary concepts from a practical point of view. This article analyses the factors that account for this lack of adjustments between the syllabus of anatomy and physiology and educational needs. It also presents an educational project that orientates the contents and the pedagogical methods used to this demands in the nursing field. The study also tries to share with other teachers the experience in the creation of a project of these characteristics in a period of academic changes brought by the integration into the European higher education landscape.
Jepsen, Jørgen Riis
Calculating the number of tablets or capsules to administer to patients is one of the most common tasks that a nurse is required to make. Home care and nursing home staff may dose tablets for clients for up to two hours per day. An increasing proportion of tablets are dispensed in blister packs....... Three patients with nurses cramp related to this task are presented. The patients were referred to a department of occupational medicine due to volar forearm and hand pain related to tablet-dosing from blister packs. A detailed physical examination including a neurological assessment was performed...
Lovato, Sabrina; Lovato, Liliana; Cunico, Laura
Moral distress in nursing practice is described as a suffering situation that arises when the nurse is unable to act her/his ethical choices, when institutional constraints interfere with acting in the way she/he believes to be right. The aim is to describe nursing practice situations causing moral distress resulting from the recognition of the ethical appropriate actions combined with the impossibility to pursue it; to describe how nurses manage moral distress situations and the strategies to cope with them. A focus group was conducted in three wards of a large teaching-hospital in the north of Italy. In another ward the nurses were asked to write a moral distress experience. A total of 40 nurses were involved and 50 experiences collected. The experiences' analysis has shown 5 source areas of moral distress: 1) clinical decision; 2) nursing competences; 3) nurse-physician collaboration; 4) organization of care; 5) safe care. For each area the most frequent themes were highlighted.Areas of clinical decision, nursing competences, nurse-physician collaboration involve nurse leaders in identification and implementation of strategies for managing moral distress. PMID:23121880
Miller, Louise C; Graves, Rebecca S.; Jones, Barbara B.; Sievert, MaryEllen C
Nurses are challenged to find and use reliable, credible information to support clinical decision-making and to meet expectations for evidence-based nursing practice. This project targeted practicing public health and school nurses, teaching them how to access and critically evaluate web-based information resources for frontline practice. Health sciences librarians partnered with nursing faculty to develop two participatory workshops to teach skills in searching for and evaluating web-based c...
Ensinar e aprender no campo clínico: perspectiva de docentes, enfermeiras e estudantes de enfermagem / Teaching and learning in the clinical field: perspective of teachers, nurses and nursing students / Enseñar y aprender en el campo clínico: perspectiva de docentes, enfermeras y estudiantes de enfermería
Miriam Aparecida Barbosa, Merighi; Maria Cristina Pinto de, Jesus; Selisvane Ribeiro da Fonseca, Domingos; Deíse Moura de, Oliveira; Thaís Norika, Ito.
Full Text Available Estudo qualitativo, com abordagem da fenomenologia social de Alfred Schütz, que teve como objetivo conhecer e discutir as expectativas dos docentes, enfermeiras e estudantes com relação ao ensino em campo clínico. Participaram do estudo nove docentes, 11 enfermeiras e 11 estudantes do Curso de Gradu [...] ação em Enfermagem de uma universidade pública de São Paulo. A coleta dos dados foi realizada em 2012 e os resultados mostraram que os sujeitos esperam que o ensino clínico subsidie a articulação entre a teoria e a prática profissional; e almejam que tal ensino possibilite o desenvolvimento de uma postura próativa e participativa dos envolvidos na aprendizagem. A reciprocidade de perspectivas foi evidenciada, devendo ser considerada na elaboração de projetos pedagógicos voltados para a formação do enfermeiro. Abstract in spanish Estudio cualitativo con abordaje de la fenomenología social de Alfred Schütz, que tuve como objetivo conocer y discutir las expectativas de los docentes, enfermeras y estudiantes en relación a la enseñanza en el campo clínico. Participaron en el estudio nueve docentes, once enfermeras y once estudia [...] ntes del Curso de Graduación en Enfermería de una universidad pública de São Paulo. La recolección de datos fue realizada en 2012 y los resultados mostraron que los sujetos esperan que la enseñanza clínica subvencione el vínculo entre la teoría y la práctica profesional y desean que tal enseñanza haga posible el desarrollo de una postura pro activa y participativa de los involucrados en el aprendizaje. La reciprocidad de perspectivas fue evidenciada, debiendo ser considerada en la elaboración de proyectos pedagógicos centrados en la formación de la enfermera. Abstract in english This is a qualitative research, which used the social phenomenology of Alfred Schütz approach. Its purpose was meeting and discussing the expectations of teachers, nurses and students about teaching in the clinical field. Nine teachers, eleven nurses and eleven students of the Nursing Graduation gra [...] de from a public university of São Paulo were included in this study. Data were collected in 2012. As the results showed, there are expectations about the link between theory and practice that clinical teaching can offer and also the desire that such instruction enable the learners to develop a pro-active and participatory attitude. The reciprocity of perspectives was evident and should be considered when academic projects focused on nursing education are developed.
Lemonde, Manon; Payman, Naghmeh
The Canadian Association of Nurses in Oncology (CANO) Standards of Care (2001) provides a framework that delineates oncology nursing roles and responsibilities. The purpose of this study was to explore how oncology nurses perceive their roles and responsibilities compared to the CANO Standards of Care. Six focus groups were conducted and 21 registered nurses (RNs) from a community-based hospital participated in this study. Transcripts were analyzed using qualitative inductive content analysis. Three themes were identified: (1) Oncology nurses perceive a gap between their defined roles and the reality of daily practice, as cancer care becomes more complex and as they provide advanced oncology care to more patients while there is no parallel adaptation to the health care system to support them, such as safe staffing; (2) Oncology nursing, as a specialty, requires sustained professional development and leadership roles; and (3) Oncology nurses are committed to providing continuous care as a reference point in the health care team by fostering interdisciplinary collaboration andfacilitating patient's navigation through the system. Organizational support through commitment to appropriate staffing and matching scope ofpractice to patient needs may lead to maximize the health and well-being of nurses, quality of patient care and organizational performance. PMID:26897865
Simulação como estratégia de ensino em enfermagem: revisão de literatura / Simulation as a teaching strategy in nursing education: literature review / Simulación como estrategia de enseñanza de enfermería: revisión de literatura
Full Text Available O objetivo desta revisão sistemática é apresentar a simulação como estratégia de ensino para estudantes de graduação em enfermagem, conforme estudos brasileiros. A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados BDENF, Lilacs e Medline, utilizando-se as palavras-chave: ensino, educação, laboratório, simulaçã [...] o e enfermagem. Foram incluídos os artigos científicos sobre simulação como estratégia de ensino para estudantes de enfermagem publicados em português, de janeiro de 1999 a setembro de 2010. Para análise dos dados, os autores aplicaram a técnica de análise temática de conteúdo, descrita por Bardin. Nove artigos foram selecionados, sendo classificados em duas categorias: sete em "Simulação por Computador" e dois em "Laboratório de Enfermagem". Os resultados indicam que a simulação contribui para a aquisição de habilidades psicomotoras e autoconfiança. Não foram encontrados ensaios clínicos sobre a eficácia da simulação na prática dos estudantes de enfermagem. Há necessidade de mais pesquisas sobre o tema. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de esta revisión es presentar la simulación como estrategia de enseñanza para estudiantes de graduación en Enfermería, según estudios hechos en Brasil. La búsqueda fue realizada en las bases de datos BDENF, Lilacs e Medline, utilizándose de las Palabras clave: enseñanza, educación, labor [...] atório, simulación y enfermería. Fueron inclusos los artículos científicos sobre simulación como estrategia de enseñanza, publicados en lengua portuguesa, de enero de 1999 a septiembre de 2010. Para análisis de datos, fue aplicada la tecnica de análisis de contenido, descrita por Bardin. Nueve artículos fueron selecionados, siendo clasificados en dos categorias: siete en "simulación por computador" y dos en "laboratório de enfermería". Los resultados indican que la simulación contribuye para la adquisición de habilidades psico-motoras y auto-confianza. No fueron encontrados ensayos clínicos a respeto de la eficiencia de la simulación en la práctica de los estudiantes de enfermaría. Se necesitan más pesquisas sobre el tema. Abstract in english The objective of this systematic review is to present simulation as a teaching strategy for undergraduate nursing students, as described in Brazilian studies. The search was carried out in the databases BDENF, Lilacs and Medline, using the following Keywords: teaching, education, laboratory, simulat [...] ion, nursing. The included studies were the scientific papers on simulation as a teaching strategy for undergraduate nursing students, published in Portuguese, between January 1999 and September 2010. Bardin's thematic content analysis was applied to data analysis. Nine papers met the inclusion criteria, being classified into two categories: seven in "computer simulation", and two in "nursing laboratory". The results indicate that simulation encourages both the acquisition of psychomotor skills and self-confidence. Yet, no clinical trial was found on the efficacy of simulation for improving nursing students' practice. Thus, there is a need for further research on the subject.
Kaltoft, Mette Kjer
nursing. The aim is to aid 'how nurses and other health care scientists more clearly identify clinical and other relevant data that can be captured to inform future comparative effectiveness research. 'A prescriptive, theory-based discipline of '(Nursing) Decisionics' expands the Grid for Volunteer...... Development of TIGER's newly launched virtual learning environment (VLE). This provides an enhanced TIGER-vision for educational reform to deliver ethically coherent, person-centered care transparently.......All healthcare visions, including that of The TIGER (Technology-Informatics-Guiding-Educational-Reform) Initiative envisage a crucial role for nursing. However, its 7 descriptive pillars do not address the disconnect between Nursing Informatics and Nursing Ethics and their distinct communities in...
Horber, Dot; Langenau, Erik E.; Kachur, Elizabeth
Teaching and assessing doctor-patient communication has become a priority in medical education. This pilot study evaluated resident physicians' perceptions of teaching and assessing doctor-patient communication skills related to pain management using a web-based format. Fifty-nine resident physicians completed four doctor-patient clinicalâ¦
Vivenciando uma proposta emancipatória no ensino de semiologia para a enfermagem Vivenciando una propuesta emancipatoria en la enseñanza de semiología en enfermería Experiencing an emancipatory proposal in the teaching of semiology to nursing
Maria Socorro de Araújo Dias
Full Text Available Objetivou-se analisar o ensino de Semiologia através dos programas das disciplinas das cinco universidades do Estado do Ceará, especificamente de uma universidade pública. Observaram-se três aulas e realizaram-se reuniões com docentes e discentes, a fim de levantar dados sobre o processo ensino-aprendizagem. As docentes apresentaram experiência no ensino e pesquisa, e reconheceram que o elevado número de alunos prejudica o ensino-aprendizagem. Os discentes referiram dificuldades na elaboração de diagnóstico de enfermagem e no contato inicial com cliente hospitalizado, ocasionando insegurança e rejeição à prática da disciplina.El objetivo es el análisis de la enseñanza de la semiología a través de los programas de estudio de la disciplina en cinco universidades estatales y el análisis de una universidad publica. Se observaron tres grupos y se realizaron reuniones con docentes y estudiantes con el fin de recolectar los datos sobre el proceso de enseñanza aprendizaje. Los maestros introducen la experiencia en la enseñanza y en la investigación y reconocieron que el elevado numero de estudiantes, perjudica el proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje. Los estudiantes refieren dificultades en la elaboración del diagnostico de enfermería y en el contacto inicial con el cliente hospitalizado, ocasionando inseguridad y rechazo a la práctica de la disciplina.The aim was to analyze the teaching of Semiology through the programs of subject matters at five universities in the State of Ceará and, specifically, that of a public university. Three (3 classes were observed and meetings were held with teachers and students for collecting data about the teaching-learning process. The teachers presented teaching and research experience, and acknowledge that the high number of students impairs teaching-learning. The students mentioned difficulties in the elaboration of the nursing diagnosis and in the initial contact with the hospitalized client, causing insecurity and rejection of the practical part of the subject matter.
Maria Zélia de Araújo, Madeira; Maria da Glória Soares Barbosa, Lima.
Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivos discutir e explicitar a prática pedagógica cotidiana do docente de enfermagem da UFPI. Trata-se de um estudo de natureza qualitativa, com ênfase metodológica na História Oral, tendo como sujeitos-interlocutores professores do curso de enfermagem da referida IES e como [...] instrumentos de produção de dados: entrevistas semi-estruturadas. A análise de dados efetivou-se a partir da análise de conteúdo. As docentes de enfermagem consideraram em suas narrativas orais o propósito de romper com a forma vertical de ensinar ao estimular no aluno o poder da criatividade e da compreensão da realidade em permanente transformação. Abstract in spanish Este artículo tiene como objetivos discutir y explicitar la práctica cotidiana del docente de enfermería de la UFPI. Estudio de naturaleza cualitativa, con énfasis metodológico en la Historia Oral, teniendo como instrumentos la colecta de datos, entrevistas semi-estructuradas usando los profesores d [...] e enfermeria de IES como los sujetos, y el análisis de datos del análisis de contenido. Las docentes de enfermería consideraron que se puede romper con la verticalización de la enseñanza al estimular en el alumno el poder de la creatividad y de la comprensión de la realidad en permanente transformación. Abstract in english The aim of this study is discuss the daily practice of the nursing professors at the Federal University of Piauí. The study was accomplished in a qualitative approach with methodological emphasis on Oral History with the primary subjects being professors of nursing at the Federal University of Piauí [...] . The instrumento for data collection was semi-structured interviews and data analysis was realized through content analysis. The nursing educators are considering the possibility of breaking with the vertical teaching method in order to stimulate the power of creativity and understanding within the student body which finds itself in a permanent state of transformation.
Maria Zélia de Araújo Madeira
Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivos discutir e explicitar a prática pedagógica cotidiana do docente de enfermagem da UFPI. Trata-se de um estudo de natureza qualitativa, com ênfase metodológica na História Oral, tendo como sujeitos-interlocutores professores do curso de enfermagem da referida IES e como instrumentos de produção de dados: entrevistas semi-estruturadas. A análise de dados efetivou-se a partir da análise de conteúdo. As docentes de enfermagem consideraram em suas narrativas orais o propósito de romper com a forma vertical de ensinar ao estimular no aluno o poder da criatividade e da compreensão da realidade em permanente transformação.Este artículo tiene como objetivos discutir y explicitar la práctica cotidiana del docente de enfermería de la UFPI. Estudio de naturaleza cualitativa, con énfasis metodológico en la Historia Oral, teniendo como instrumentos la colecta de datos, entrevistas semi-estructuradas usando los profesores de enfermeria de IES como los sujetos, y el análisis de datos del análisis de contenido. Las docentes de enfermería consideraron que se puede romper con la verticalización de la enseñanza al estimular en el alumno el poder de la creatividad y de la comprensión de la realidad en permanente transformación.The aim of this study is discuss the daily practice of the nursing professors at the Federal University of Piauí. The study was accomplished in a qualitative approach with methodological emphasis on Oral History with the primary subjects being professors of nursing at the Federal University of Piauí. The instrumento for data collection was semi-structured interviews and data analysis was realized through content analysis. The nursing educators are considering the possibility of breaking with the vertical teaching method in order to stimulate the power of creativity and understanding within the student body which finds itself in a permanent state of transformation.
Ailey, Sarah; Lamb, Karen; Friese, Tanya; Christopher, Beth-Anne
One of the goals of nursing education is to develop caring and responsible nurses with clinical reasoning skills who are capable of improving outcomes in complex healthcare systems. Using the Model of Situated Learning in Nursing Leadership, generalist entry graduate nursing students at Rush University in Chicago, part of a large academic medical centre with Magnet recognition for excellence in nursing practice, are educated using a curriculum based on the clinical nurse leader (CNL) competencies. This article presents a case study that demonstrates how the model is used to provide experiences for learning the CNL role. The students learn leadership in practice through their involvement in ongoing efforts at the medical centre to improve the care of patients with intellectual and developmental disabilities. The case study provides lessons in teaching CNL leadership competencies through efforts to improve the quality of care for an at-risk group of patients. PMID:25629348
Noufa A. Alonazi; Omar, Maye A
Objectives: To identify and explore factors that mostly influence nurses turnover and retention, and to estimate the length of employment for nurses in the hospital. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study examining the standard Exit Questionnaires completed by all the female pediatric nurses who joined and left the hospital during the period between January 2006 and October 2010. The Developed Questionnaires where completed by nurses who were still employees in October 2010. The nurse...
Borawski, Elaine A.; Tufts, Kimberly Adams; Trapl, Erika S.; Hayman, Laura L.; Yoder, Laura D.; Lovegreen, Loren D.
Background: We examined the differential impact of a well-established human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infections (STIs) curriculum, Be Proud! Be Responsible!, when taught by school nurses and health education classroom teachers within a high school curricula. Methods: Group-randomized intervention study of 1357 ninth and
Full Text Available Background: Intensive care units (ICUs are known as stressful environments. However, the conditions in which stressors may affect health professionalsâ performance and well-being and the conditions that potentially lead to impaired performance and staffâs psychological distress are not well understood. Emotional intelligence, an essential factor responsible for determining success in life and psychological well-being, seems to play an important role in shaping the interaction between individuals and their work environment. The emotional dimension (personal is the concept of multi-dimensional intelligence, it is also necessary for physicians and nurses to learn how to view and understand peopleâs behavior, attitudes, interpersonal skills and potential. Individuals who have these characteristics are said to be âemotionally intelligent.âObjectives: The objective of the study is to determine the effects of emotional intelligence education items on job related stress in physicians and nurses working in intensive care units in hospitals in Yerevan, Armenia.Method: A cross interventional, pre-post, case and control group design was used and inferential study design was implemented, with 150 registered hospitals physicians and nurses, who were widely distributed.Results: A sample of 106 participants (18.7% of men and 31.3% of women in case and control group, representing various human service professions (physicians, nurses was eligible for the study. The mean age of the participants was 33.19 years in case group (SD = 6.44, and 31.6 in control group (SD = 6.04, and the employment period was 8.2 years (SD = 7.34 in case group and 5.57 years (SD = 4.02 in control group. The results confirmed an essential, very strong, role of emotional intelligence in perceiving occupational stress and preventing physicians and nurses from negative health outcomes. Conclusion: Results showed that physicians and nurses experienced high level of stress. The level of stress experienced at work by this occupational case was higher than control group. The ability to effectively deal with emotions and emotional intelligence in the workplace assists employees in coping with occupational stress. Therefore, it should be developed in stress managing trainings. Emotional intelligence items education decreased situational and personal anxiety of physicians and nurses in case group more than those in control group.
Saberes e fazeres que integram o ensino de enfermagem psiquiátrica na perspectiva de enfermeiros docentes / Knowledge and practices that integrate the teaching psychiatric nursing from the perspective of faculty nurses / Conocimientos y prácticas que integran la enseñanza de la enfermería psiquiátrica en la perspectiva de los docentes de enfermeira
Jandro Moraes, Cortes; Luciane Prado, Kantorski; Sônia, Barros; Milena Hohmann, Antonacci; Fabieli Gopinger, Chiavagatti; Janaina Quinzen, Willrich.
Full Text Available CONTEXTO: Atualmente a prática do ensino de enfermagem psiquiátrica e saúde mental e a própria assistência passa por grandes transformações, no contexto brasileiro. OBJETIVO: Compreender as tecnologias de cuidado e inclusão que os docentes utilizam para o ensino do cuidado em liberdade, na perspecti [...] va da reforma psiquiátrica brasileira. METODOLOGIA: Tendo por cenário uma tradicional faculdade de enfermagem, foram sujeitos sete professores enfermeiros da área de enfermagem psiquiátrica e saúde mental, que trabalharam na perspectiva da atenção psicossocial. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo, de caráter descritivo e exploratório, realizado a partir de entrevista semi-estruturada. RESULTADOS: Tecnologias de cuidado e conteúdos e estratégias que os docentes utilizam para o ensino do cuidado em liberdade. CONCLUSÕES: Formas de cuidado valorizando as potencialidades do território, o acolhimento, a ambiência, a formação de vínculo, a escuta, a atenção à família, tem sido objeto de estudo e de prática de ensino dos enfermeiros. Abstract in spanish CONTEXTO: Actualmente la enseñanza práctica de la enfermería psiquiátrica y la propia atención de salud mental pasa por grandes transformaciones, en el contexto brasileño. OBJETIVO: Entender las tecnologías de la atención y que los profesores utilizan para enseñar el cuidado en la libertad, en la pe [...] rspectiva de la reforma psiquiátrica brasileña. METODOLOGÍA: Como escenario tenía una escuela de enfermería, con siete enfermeros profesores en el área de la enfermería psiquiátrica y salud mental, trabajando desde en la perspectiva de la atención psicosocial. Se trata de un estudio cualitativo exploratorio y descriptivo, creado a partir de entrevistas semi-estructuradas. RESULTADOS: Tecnologías de cuidado y el contenido y estrategias que los profesores utilizan para el cuidado de la enseñanza del cuidado en la libertad. CONCLUSIONES: Las formas de atención con énfasis en el potencial del territorio, la acogida, el ambiente, la formación del enlace, la escucha, la atención a la familia, ha sido el objeto de estudio y de práctica docente de enfermería. Abstract in english CONTEXT: Currently the practice of teaching psychiatric nursing and mental health and their own assistance in the area is going through major changes. AIM: The aim is to understand the care and inclusion technologies that teachers use to teach care in freedom, in the perspective of psychiatric refor [...] m in Brazil. METHODOLOGY: The setting for this study consisted of a traditional nursing school; the participants were seven Psychiatric Nursing and Mental Health teachers, who worked in the perspective of psychosocial care. This is a qualitative, descriptive and exploratory study that used a semi-structured interview for each subject. RESULTS: The results include care technologies, content and strategies that teachers use to teach the care into freedom. CONCLUSION: Forms of care that value the potential of the territory and the lives of people, the user embracement, the ambience, the link formation, the therapeutic listening, the attention to family, which have been the object of study and of the nurses practice.
Marilyn Kirshbaum, Editor-in-Chief
Full Text Available I am absolutely thrilled to have such an opportunity to make a unique contribution to my profession and the wider community. At heart, I have been a nurse for a very long time. I have spent many years in clinical practice and have been fortunate to have personally thrived in the pursuit of scientific inquiry, analysis, reporting and scholarship in nursing. As this is the first editorial of Nursing Reports, I would like to share my vision. An open access journal of this kind is intended, first and foremost, to provide a communication platform from which all levels of credible knowledge relative to nursing, from all reaches of the world, could be disseminated, diffused and debated. A key objective is to make rigorously conducted research accessible to the full spectrum of practicing nurses, academics, educators and interested members of the public. It will be the job of the editorial team to ensure that high academic and ethical standards for research and reporting are reached so that we can build a strong and sound reputation; we want the journal to be widely read and influential within the broad fields of nursing, health and social care. A second objective relates to the relatively new paradigm of open access journals; there is huge scope here to reach out to nurses in the world, not only those who have subscriptions or affiliated with academic or health service libraries. The focus of the journal is to present a global perspective of nursing, its advances and issues of current concern. As nurses we are committed to the health of communities our personal contribution may be clinical, political, educative or academic. Therefore submissions on all areas relevant to nursing are requested, whether they are in the form of empirical reports, reviews of literature, conceptual analyses, debates, short reports from around the globe or open letters that are of concern to the international community. I believe that this journal could be so vibrant and dynamic! Our esteemed associate editors and editorial board currently includes experts in mental health, cancer care, aging, public health and family, acute care, palliative care, social sciences, health promotion, empowerment, disadvantaged groups and education and statistics. A huge welcome to ALL! Now, lets get writing and communicating!!
Ensino de administração de serviços de saúde: perfil de enfermeiras que exerceram a docência Enseñanza de administración de los servicios de salud: perfil de enfermeras que ejercieron la docencia Teaching health services administration: profile of nurses engaged in education
Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Descrever o perfil de enfermeiras que exerceram a docência em um Curso de Administração Hospitalar nos anos 1970. MÉTODOS: Estudo histórico documental constituído de fontes primárias e secundárias produzidas entre 1975 e 2009. O conteúdo constante nessas fontes foi analisado frente ao processo de trabalho em Enfermagem, e estudado à luz da teoria da Burocracia. RESULTADOS: Foi descrito o perfil profissional de quatro enfermeiras docentes A primeira era diretora da Escola de Enfermagem da Universidade de São Paulo; a segunda era americana, professora do Incarnate Word Collegge, Texas, mestre em ciências; a terceira foi a primeira presidente do Conselho Regional de Enfermagem de São Paulo; e a quarta era Diretora do Serviço de Enfermagem do Instituto do Coração do Hospital de Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. CONCLUSÃO: Constatou-se que essas enfermeiras eram detentoras de projeção em suas carreiras e esse prestígio, possivelmente, agregou valor ao curso citado.OBJETIVO: Describir el perfil de enfermeras que ejercieron la docencia en un Curso de Administración Hospitalaria en los años 1970. MÉTODOS: Estudio histórico documental constituído de fuentes primarias y secundarias producidas entre 1975 y 2009. El contenido constante en esas fuentes fue analizado frente al proceso de trabajo en Enfermería, y estudiado a la luz de la teoría de la Burocracia. RESULTADOS: Fue descrito el perfil profesional de cuatro enfermeras docentes. La primera era Directora de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad de Sao Paulo; la segunda era americana, profesora del Incarnate Word Collegge, Texas, magister en ciencias; la tercera fue la primera presidente del Consejo Regional de Enfermería de Sao Paulo; y la cuarta era Directora del Servicio de Enfermería del Instituto del Corazón del Hospital de las Clínicas de la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Sao Paulo. CONCLUSIÓN: Constató que esas enfermeras eran detentoras de la proyección en sus carreras y ese prestigio, posiblemente, agregó valor al citado curso.OBJECTIVE: To describe the profile of nurses engaged in teaching a course in hospital administration during the 1970. METHODS: This was a historical documentary consisting of primary and secondary sources produced between 1975 and 2009. The content contained in these sources was analyzed against the nursing work process, and studied in light of the theory of bureaucracy. RESULTS: We described the professional profile of four nurses: the first faculty director of The School of Nursing, University of Sao Paulo; the second was an American professor in a master of science course at Incarnate Word College, Texas; the third was the first president of the Regional Nursing Council of São Paulo; and the fourth was Director of Nursing Service of the Heart Institute of the Hospital de Clinicas, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo. CONCLUSION: We found that these nurses held positions of esteem and status in their careers and that this prestige, possibly, has added value to the courses discussed
Feng, Rung-Chuang; Yeh, Yu-Ting
Technology development trends in the 21st century are increasingly focused on the development of interdisciplinary applications. Advanced information technology may be applied to integrate nursing care information, simplify nursing processes, and reduce the time spent on work tasks, thereby increasing the amount of time that clinical personnel are available to care for patients and ensuring that patients are provided with high-quality and personalized care services. The development of nursing information began in Taiwan in 2003 and has since expanded and thrived. The ability of nursing information to connect formerly insular national nursing communities promotes the international visibility of Taiwan. The rapid development of nursing information in Taiwan, resulting in the production of informative and outstanding results, has received worldwide attention. The Taiwan Nursing Informatics Association was established in 2006 to nurture nursing information professionals, develop and apply information technology in the health care domain, and facilitate international nursing information exchanges. The association actively promotes nursing information in the areas of administration, education, research, and clinical practice, thereby integrating nursing with empirical applications to enhance the service quality and management of nursing and increase the benefits of nursing teaching and research. To convert information into knowledge, the association develops individualized strategies for managing mobile care and employs an interagency network to exchange and reintegrate resources, establishing active, intelligent nursing based on network characteristics and an empirical foundation. The mid- and long-term objectives of the association involve introducing cloud computing and facilitating the meaningful use of nursing information in both public and government settings, thereby creating a milestone of developing and expanding nursing information unique to Taiwan. PMID:25125162
Friddah R., Mathevula; Lunic B., Khoza.
Full Text Available The first session of interaction in the classroom often sets an atmosphere for the entire period of learning. In terms of nurse educator and student nurse neophyte relations, good interaction is essential in helping students to recognise their own responsibilities and to respond positively during th [...] e learning process. The purpose of this study was to determine the nurse educators' and student nurse neophytes' perceptions of good interaction in the classroom setting. The study attempted to answer the following specific question: 'What do nurse educators and student nurse neophytes regard as examples of good interaction in the classroom setting?' The accessible population in this study were all student nurse neophytes registered with the University of Venda for the Baccalaureus Curationis, and nurse educators responsible for teaching first-year student nurses in this programme. The study used probability stratified random sampling to obtain two heterogeneous groups of student participants. Forty first-year student nurses were divided into homogenous subsets of 15 male and 25 female students. A random sampling was conducted to arrive at 10 male and 15 female students. The sampling method relating to nurse educators was purposive sampling. Focus groups were used to interview students using individual in-depth interviews to gather data from nurse educators. Coding was used to organise the data collected during the interviews. The study revealed that nurse educators and student nurse neophytes concur that the ethical behaviours influencing good interaction are respect and support, good communication, honesty and openness. Age, gender and cultural background were also factors. The participants further indicated that good interaction has benefits such as improved co-operation levels, the enhancement of learning, the improvement of pass rates, and a reduction in dropout rates. In conclusion, there is a need for nurse educators and student nurses to develop good practices to promote good interaction in the classroom setting.
Friddah R. Mathevula
Full Text Available The first session of interaction in the classroom often sets an atmosphere for the entire period of learning. In terms of nurse educator and student nurse neophyte relations, good interaction is essential in helping students to recognise their own responsibilities and to respond positively during the learning process. The purpose of this study was to determine the nurse educatorsâ and student nurse neophytesâ perceptions of good interaction in the classroom setting. The study attempted to answer the following specific question: âWhat do nurse educators and student nurse neophytes regard as examples of good interaction in the classroom setting?â The accessible population in this study were all student nurse neophytes registered with the University of Venda for the Baccalaureus Curationis, and nurse educators responsible for teaching first-year student nurses in this programme. The study used probability stratified random sampling to obtain two heterogeneous groups of student participants. Forty first-year student nurses were divided into homogenous subsets of 15 male and 25 female students. A random sampling was conducted to arrive at 10 male and 15 female students. The sampling method relating to nurse educators was purposive sampling. Focus groups were used to interview students using individual in-depth interviews to gather data from nurse educators. Coding was used to organise the data collected during the interviews. The study revealed that nurse educators and student nurse neophytes concur that the ethical behaviours influencing good interaction are respect and support, good communication, honesty and openness. Age, gender and cultural background were also factors. The participants further indicated that good interaction has benefits such as improved co-operation levels, the enhancement of learning, the improvement of pass rates, and a reduction in dropout rates. In conclusion, there is a need for nurse educators and student nurses to develop good practices to promote good interaction in the classroom setting.
Health literacy has an impact on patient health outcomes and should be included in prelicensure nursing curricula to prepare the next generation of nurses to provide care for patients with limited health literacy. Nursing curricula should go beyond inclusion of patient teaching strategies. This article provides a systematic review of the current literature related to health literacy in nursing education and identifies implications for nursing curricula. PMID:26237008
ELIZABETH MANIAS; BRIDGET HAMILTON
Nursing knowledge is diversely represented and contested, among academics and clinicians within and outside of nursing. This paper explores several Foucauldian concepts in relation to subjugated, local, naïve and situated forms of knowledge. We argue that these concepts relate closely to the mundane world of nursing and are useful for thinking about, teaching and researching everyday nursing practice. The discussion is tied back to data and analysis from a postmodern ethnography of nurses as...
Sawyer, Alyssa CP; Lynch, John,; Bowering, Kerrie; Jeffs, Debra; Clark, Jenny; Mpundu-Kaambwa, Christine; Sawyer, Michael G.
Background All mothers in South Australia are offered a clinic or home-visit by a Child and Family Health community nurse in the initial postnatal weeks. Subsequent support is available on request from staff in community clinics and from a telephone helpline. The aim of the present study is to compare equivalence of a single clinic-based appointment plus a nurse-moderated group-based internet intervention when infants were aged 0â6 months versus a single home-visit together with subsequent st...
Alternativa metodológica para fortalecer el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje de Morfofisiología I en la carrera Enfermería / Methodological alternative to strengthen the teaching-learning process of Morphology and Phisiology I in the Nursing major
Coralia, Quintero Martí; Magaly, Gort Hernández; Teresa, Verona Ferro; Marelis, Linares Miranda; José Luis, Cordero Pérez.
Full Text Available Introducción: la insuficiente apropiación de los contenidos de la asignatura Morfofisiología I por los estudiantes, es uno de los problemas esenciales en la carrera de Enfermería. Objetivo: diseñar una alternativa metodológica que fortalezca el proceso enseñanza aprendizaje (PEA) de la asignatura Mo [...] rfofisiología I en la carrera de Enfermería. Método: investigación-acción en la Filial Universitaria Municipal de Ciencias Médicas Los Palacios; universo y muestra: total de estudiantes de 2do año de enfermería durante los cursos 2008-2009 y 2009-2010 (46) y durante los cursos 2010-2011 y 2011-2012 (23); se utilizaron métodos observacionales, entrevistas, enfoque de sistema y modelación. Resultados: Las clases observadas de Bien ascendieron de 16,6% a 83,3 % y las observadas de Mal descendieron de 61,1% a 5,6%. La promoción mejoró en calidad y se elevó de 28,2% a 95,6%, se logro la mayor motivación y participación activa y protagónica de los estudiantes, así como seguridad y dominio en el tratamiento de los contenidos. Conclusiones: La alternativa metodológica permitió a los docentes potenciar las dimensiones cognitivas y motivaciones en los estudiantes por la asignatura Morfofisiología I y demostró un salto cualitativo y cuantitativo en los resultados obtenidos. Abstract in english Introduction: the students´ insufficient aprehension of the course contents in Morphology and Phisiology I is one of the main problems in the Nursing major. Objective: to design a methodological alternative to strengthen the teaching-learning process in the course subject in the Nursing major. Mater [...] ial and method: research-action in Los Palacios Municipal University Affiliate of Medical Sciences; target group and sample: the sheer number of Nursing second year students during the academic years 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 (46) and 2010-2011 and 2011-2012 (23); observational methods were used, as long as interviews, system approach and modelling. Results: the lessons evaluated with Good increased from 16.6% to 83.3% and those evaluated with Wrong decreased from 61.1% to 5.6%. Promotion improved in quality and increased from 28.2% to 95.6%, greater motivation and active and student-centered involvement was achieved, as well as self-confidence and aprehension of the subject contents. Conclusions: the methodological alternative permitted the teaching faculty to potentiate the students cognitive dimensions and motivations for the subject Morphology and Phisiology I and proved a qualitative and quantitative leap in the results obtained.
Development and use of digital educative objects in nursing teaching / Desenvolvimento e utilização de objetos educacionais digitais no ensino de enfermagem / Creación e utilización de objetos educativos digitales para la enseñanza de enfermería
Ana Luísa Petersen, Cogo; Eva Néri Rubim, Pedro; Denise Tolfo, Silveira; Ana Paula Scheffer Schell da, Silva; Rosa Helena Kreutz, Alves; Vanessa Menezes, Catalan.
Full Text Available Este trabalho descreve um projeto de desenvolvimento de objetos educacionais digitais em enfermagem e a avaliação da sua utilização junto aos alunos e professores de um curso de graduação em enfermagem. As estratégias para o desenvolvimento de objetos educacionais digitais em enfermagem foram consti [...] tuídas pelas etapas de modelagem conceitual, de desenvolvimento dos materiais instrucionais, sua implementação em ambiente virtual de aprendizagem e a avaliação. O estudo encontra-se em andamento e os resultados preliminares demonstram que os professores e os alunos consideram os objetos educacionais digitais sobre semiotécnica adequados quanto à sua apresentação visual e seu conteúdo, porém apresentam dificuldades quanto à utilização. Os resultados apontam para o impacto da inovação, que o uso de tecnologias educacionais digitais traz ao ensino de enfermagem, assim como a necessidade de atualização do corpo docente sobre o processo de ensino em ambiente virtual. Abstract in spanish Este trabajo constituye la descripción de un proyecto del desarrollo de objetos educacionales digitales en enfermería, y la evaluación de su utilización por alumnos de la carrera universitaria de enfermería. Las estrategias para su desarrollo se constituyeron por las etapas de modelaje conceptual, d [...] e desarrollo de los materiales instruccionales, su implementación en ambiente virtual de aprendizaje y la evaluación. El estudio se encuentra en curso, y los resultados preliminares demuestran que los profesores y los estudiantes evaluaron el diseño y el contenido de los objetos educacionales digitales en enfermería satisfactoriamente, pero demuestran dificultades al usarlas. Los resultados apuntan para el impacto con relación a la innovación, por la consolidación del uso de tecnologías educacionales integradas a la enseñanza de enfermería, así como un programa de ayuda para los profesores. Abstract in english This paper describes a development project of digital learning objects in nursing, and the evaluation of their use by teachers and undergraduate nursing students. The strategies for their development were composed of the following stages: conceptual modeling, development of instructional materials, [...] implementation in a virtual learning environment, and evaluation. This is an ongoing study and preliminary results demonstrate that teachers and students evaluated the design and the content of the nursing digital learning objects satisfactorily, but demonstrate difficulties in using them. The results point to the impact of innovation through the consolidation of the use of educational technologies integrated to the teaching of nursing, as well as a support program for teachers.
A possibilidade de contribuição da acupuntura no ensino da simulação clínica em enfermagem / Contribution's possibility of acupuncture in the teaching of clinical simulation in nursing / La posibilidad de contribución de acupuntura en la enseñanza de la simulación clínica en enfermería
Mateus Casanova dos, Santos; Maria Cecília Lorea, Leite; Rita Maria, Heck.
Full Text Available O presente estudo situa a discussão sobre a possibilidade emergente da inserção dos conhecimentos oriundos da acupuntura como contribuição para as práticas pedagógicas do ensino clínico simulado da graduação em enfermagem. O trabalho reflexivo emergiu como um recorte do projeto de dissertação "Estud [...] o da avaliação no disparador de aprendizagem simulação - Laboratório Morfofuncional/Faculdade de Enfermagem/Universidade Federal de Pelotas". A relação integral entre o homem e a natureza desenvolvida na acupuntura emerge neste estudo como discussões e como uma sugestão potencial enquanto ferramenta pedagógica para a simulação clínica da enfermagem. Nesta reflexão, certifica-se que há a necessidade de desenvolver este recurso pedagógico com vistas a ampliar o ensino da simulação clínica em enfermagem. Abstract in spanish Este estudio sitúa el debate surgido sobre la posibilidad de integración de los conocimientos de la acupuntura como una contribución a las prácticas pedagógicas de la educación simulada clínica de la enseñanza de pregrado. El trabajo de reflexión surgió como una aproximación al proyecto de tesis "Es [...] tudio sobre la evaluación del aprendizaje de simulación de activación - morfo-Lab/Escuela de Enfermería/Universidade Federal de Pelotas". La relación integral entre el hombre y la naturaleza desarrollados en este estudio como la acupuntura emerge como una sugerencia de los debates y el potencial como una herramienta pedagógica para la simulación de la enfermería clínica. En esta reflexión, asegúrese de que hay una necesidad de desarrollar este recurso para la enseñanza de ampliar la enseñanza de la simulación clínica en enfermería. Abstract in english This study situates the emerging discussion about the possibility of integration of knowledge from acupuncture as a contribution to the pedagogical practices of simulated clinical education of undergraduate nursing education. The reflective work emerged as an approach to the dissertation project "St [...] udy on the evaluation of trigger learning simulation - Morphofunctional Lab/College of Nursing/Universidade Federal de Pelotas". The integral relationship between man and nature developed in this study as acupuncture emerges as a suggestion discussions and potential as a pedagogical tool for the clinical simulation in nursing. In this reflection, make sure that there is a need to develop this educational resource aimed at expanding the teaching of clinical simulation in nursing.
Web-based simulation: a tool for teaching critical care nursing / Simulação baseada na web: uma ferramenta para o ensino de enfermagem em terapia intensiva / Simulación utilizando la web: una herramienta para la enseñanza de enfermería en terapia intensiva
Sayonara de Fatima Faria, Barbosa; Heimar de Fatima, Marin.
Full Text Available Este estudo teve por objetivos desenvolver, implementar e avaliar uma simulação em terapia intensiva, utilizando a tecnologia web, para o ensino de graduação em enfermagem. Foi utilizada metodologia adaptada para construção de material instrucional em ambiente de ensino web, composta por três fases [...] de avaliação (ergonômica, pedagógica e usabilidade), realizadas por webdesigners/programadores, docentes/enfermeiros e alunos do curso de graduação em enfermagem. Como instrumentos de pesquisa, foram aplicados três diferentes formulários de avaliação, baseados em escala Likert de cinco pontos, após a utilização da simulação. Os resultados apresentados nos formulários mostram análises positivas em todas as avaliações, destacando na avaliação pedagógica o estímulo ao aprendizado e na avaliação de usabilidade a satisfação dos alunos na utilização do ambiente e a facilidade de manuseio, traduzindo a indicação do uso dessa simulação para melhoria do processo ensino-aprendizagem. Abstract in spanish Este estudio tuvo por objetivos desarrollar, implementar y evaluar una simulación de terapia intensiva, utilizando la tecnología web, para la enseñanza de graduación en enfermería. Fue utilizada una metodología adaptada para la construcción de material de instrucción en ambiente de enseñanza web, co [...] mpuesta por tres fases de evaluación (ergonómica, pedagógica y utilización), realizadas por webdesigners/programadores, docentes/enfermeros y alumnos del curso de graduación en enfermería. Como instrumentos de investigación, fueron aplicados tres diferentes formularios de evaluación, basados en la escala Likert de cinco puntos, después de la utilización de la simulación. Los resultados presentados en los formularios muestran análisis positivos en todas las evaluaciones, destacando en la evaluación pedagógica el estímulo al aprendizaje y en la evaluación de utilización la satisfacción de los alumnos al usar el ambiente y al constatar la facilidad del manoseo, traduciendo la indicación del uso de esa simulación en un proceso para mejorar la enseñanza y el aprendizaje. Abstract in english The objectives of this study were to develop, to implement and to evaluate a web-based simulation for critical care nursing, as a tool for teaching nursing students at the undergraduate level. An adapted methodology was used to develop teaching material in a web-based learning environment, consistin [...] g of three evaluation phases (ergonomic, pedagogical and usability), carried out by web-designers/programmers, nursing teachers/nurses, and undergraduate nursing students. The research tools used were three different evaluation forms, based on a five-point Likert scale, which were applied after using the simulation. The results garnered from the forms show positive analyses in every evaluation, with special emphasis on the encouragement of learning in the pedagogical evaluation period. In the usability evaluation, the highlight was on the students' satisfaction in using the environment and how easy it was to navigate. This shows the feasibility of using this simulation to improve the learning process.
Web-based simulation: a tool for teaching critical care nursing Simulación utilizando la web: una herramienta para la enseñanza de enfermería en terapia intensiva Simulação baseada na web: uma ferramenta para o ensino de enfermagem em terapia intensiva
Sayonara de Fatima Faria Barbosa
Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to develop, to implement and to evaluate a web-based simulation for critical care nursing, as a tool for teaching nursing students at the undergraduate level. An adapted methodology was used to develop teaching material in a web-based learning environment, consisting of three evaluation phases (ergonomic, pedagogical and usability, carried out by web-designers/programmers, nursing teachers/nurses, and undergraduate nursing students. The research tools used were three different evaluation forms, based on a five-point Likert scale, which were applied after using the simulation. The results garnered from the forms show positive analyses in every evaluation, with special emphasis on the encouragement of learning in the pedagogical evaluation period. In the usability evaluation, the highlight was on the students' satisfaction in using the environment and how easy it was to navigate. This shows the feasibility of using this simulation to improve the learning process.Este estudio tuvo por objetivos desarrollar, implementar y evaluar una simulación de terapia intensiva, utilizando la tecnología web, para la enseñanza de graduación en enfermería. Fue utilizada una metodología adaptada para la construcción de material de instrucción en ambiente de enseñanza web, compuesta por tres fases de evaluación (ergonómica, pedagógica y utilización, realizadas por webdesigners/programadores, docentes/enfermeros y alumnos del curso de graduación en enfermería. Como instrumentos de investigación, fueron aplicados tres diferentes formularios de evaluación, basados en la escala Likert de cinco puntos, después de la utilización de la simulación. Los resultados presentados en los formularios muestran análisis positivos en todas las evaluaciones, destacando en la evaluación pedagógica el estímulo al aprendizaje y en la evaluación de utilización la satisfacción de los alumnos al usar el ambiente y al constatar la facilidad del manoseo, traduciendo la indicación del uso de esa simulación en un proceso para mejorar la enseñanza y el aprendizaje.Este estudo teve por objetivos desenvolver, implementar e avaliar uma simulação em terapia intensiva, utilizando a tecnologia web, para o ensino de graduação em enfermagem. Foi utilizada metodologia adaptada para construção de material instrucional em ambiente de ensino web, composta por três fases de avaliação (ergonômica, pedagógica e usabilidade, realizadas por webdesigners/programadores, docentes/enfermeiros e alunos do curso de graduação em enfermagem. Como instrumentos de pesquisa, foram aplicados três diferentes formulários de avaliação, baseados em escala Likert de cinco pontos, após a utilização da simulação. Os resultados apresentados nos formulários mostram análises positivas em todas as avaliações, destacando na avaliação pedagógica o estímulo ao aprendizado e na avaliação de usabilidade a satisfação dos alunos na utilização do ambiente e a facilidade de manuseio, traduzindo a indicação do uso dessa simulação para melhoria do processo ensino-aprendizagem.
Jinks, A M
This article presents the findings of a study which investigated the attitudes of 100 newly recruited student nurses towards gender and nursing stereotypes. The students were in their second day of the Common Foundation Programme at North Staffordshire College of Nursing and Midwifery. The data were collected using a researcher developed instrument which utilised a Likert scale for measurement of attitudes in relationship to statements pertaining to gender and nursing stereotypes. The findings reveal overall high mean scores and an implied propensity towards beliefs in gender and nursing stereotypes. Analysis related to demographic variables of gender, age and sex gives a number of significant results. The highest proportion of significant results were related to gender differences in the sample. The data provide a basis for evaluation of teaching and learning related to students in the sample course of studies. The findings also have more general implications for curricular issues and the development of teaching strategies. PMID:8413130
Percepção dos enfermeiros sobre o processo de ensino-aprendizagem da liderança / Nurses' perception of the teaching-learning process of leadership / Percepción de los enfermeros sobre el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del liderazgo
Simone Coelho, Amestoy; Vânia Marli Schubert, Backes; Maira Buss, Thofehrn; Jussara Gue, Martini; Betina Hörner Schlindwein, Meirelles; Letícia de Lima, Trindade.
Full Text Available Este estudo objetivou conhecer a percepção dos enfermeiros sobre o processo de ensino-aprendizagem da liderança durante o curso de graduação. A pesquisa, de abordagem qualitativa do tipo descritiva, adotou o estudo de caso como estratégia de investigação. Participaram do estudo 25 enfermeiros que tr [...] abalhavam em três hospitais gerais da cidade de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. As informações foram obtidas de maio a dezembro de 2010. Para coleta dos dados foram realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas. Os dados foram analisados por meio da proposta operativa de Minayo. Os principais resultados demonstram que as práticas pedagógicas adotadas pelos docentes se aproximam das características da educação bancária, mencionada por Paulo Freire. A adesão ao ensino transversal da liderança e a educação permanente constituem-se nas estratégias que facilitam a formação de enfermeiros-líderes. Torna-se relevante repensar o processo de ensino-aprendizagem da liderança, a fim de contribuir para o desenvolvimento desta competência profissional. Abstract in spanish Este estudio objetiva conocer la percepción de los enfermeros sobre el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del liderazgo durante el curso de graduación. La investigación, de abordaje cualitativo del tipo descriptiva, adoptó el estudio de caso como estrategia de investigación. Participaron 25 enfermeros [...] que trabajaban en tres hospitales de la ciudad de Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. Las informaciones fueron obtenidas de mayo a diciembre de 2010. Para recolección de los datos fueron realizadas entrevistas semi-estructuradas. Los datos fueron analizados atraves de la propuesta operativa de Minayo. Los resultados demuestran que las prácticas pedagógicas de los docentes se aproximan de las características de la educación bancaria, mencionada por Paulo Freire. La adhesión a la enseñanza transversal del liderazgo y la educación permanente se constituyen en las estrategias que facilitan la formación de enfermeros-líderes. Se hace relevante repensar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje del liderazgo, a fin de contribuir para el desarrollo de esta cualificación profesional. Abstract in english This study aimed to investigate nurses' perception of the process of the teaching-learning of leadership during the undergraduate nursing course. The research, with a qualitative approach and of the descriptive type, adopted the case study as its investigative strategy. 25 nurses working in three ge [...] neral hospitals in the city of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, participated in the study. The information was collected between May and December of 2010. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken for the data collection. The data was analyzed using Minayo's operative proposal. The main results show that the pedagogical practices adopted by the lecturers resemble the characteristics of the banking concept of education, mentioned by Paulo Freire. Adherence to transversal teaching of leadership, and continuous education, are strategies which facilitate the training of nurse-leaders. It is relevant to rethink the process of the teaching-learning of leadership, so as to contribute to the development of this professional competence.
Estratégias de ensino do cuidado em enfermagem: um olhar sobre as tendências pedagógicas / Teaching strategies of nursing care: a look on pedagogical trends / Estrategias de enseñanza del cuidado en enfermería: una mirada sobre las tendencias pedagógicas
Daniele Delacanal, Lazzari; Eva Neri Rubim, Pedro; Márcia Otero, Sanches; Walnice, Jung.
Full Text Available Determinar estratégias de ensino para os conteúdos e conceitos imbricados no cuidado, configura-se em um desafio para educadores na área da enfermagem. Este estudo é de caráter qualitativo, descritivo-exploratório, cujo objetivo foi conhecer as estratégias empregadas para ensinar o cuidado em enferm [...] agem, utilizadas por dez enfermeiros professores do curso de Enfermagem de uma universidade na região metropolitana de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul. As informações foram coletadas pela técnica de Grupo Focal, no período de junho de 2004 a março de 2005. Da análise temática dos dados resultou a categoria Estratégias de Ensino do Cuidado, com as subcategorias demonstração, exposição, observação e discussão. As evidências apontam para tentativas de substituir a proposta tradicional de transmissão de conteúdos, sem, apresentarem, efetivamente, outra tendência pedagógica que não a tradicional. Conclui-se que a competência técnica ainda é privilegiada, desconsiderando o aprendizado voltado para o desenvolvimento de postura crítica e reflexiva. Abstract in spanish Determinar estrategias de enseñanza para los contenidos y conceptos imbricados en el cuidado, se configura en un desafío para educadores en el área de la enfermería. Estudio cualitativo se caracteriza por ser descriptivo-exploratorio cuyo objetivo fue conocer las estrategias empleadas para enseñar e [...] l cuidado en enfermería, utilizadas por diez enfermeros maestros del curso de enfermería de una universidad en la región metropolitana de Porto Alegre, Rio Grande del Sur, Brasil. Las informaciones fueron colectadas por la técnica del Grupo Focal, en el periodo de Junio de 2004 a Marzo de 2005. Del análisis temático de los datos resultó la categoría Estrategias de Enseñanza del Cuidado, con las sub categorías demostración, exposición, observación y discusión. Las evidencias apuntan hacia intentos por sustituir la propuesta tradicional de transmisión de contenidos, sin presentar otra tendencia pedagógica que la tradicional. Se concluye que la competencia técnica aún es privilegiada, desconsiderando el aprendizaje volcado para el desarrollo de postura crítica y reflexiva. Abstract in english To determine the teaching strategies adequate for the contents and concepts imbricated in care is a challenge for nursing educators. This qualitative, descriptive and exploratory study aimed to know the strategies applied to teach nursing care used by ten nurses, professors of the Nursing Department [...] in a University in the metropolitan area of the city of Porto Alegre, state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The information was collected through the Focal Group technique, from June 2004 to March 2005. The thematic analysis of the data resulted in the category Strategies to Teach Care, with the sub-categories demonstration, exhibition, observation, and discussion. The evidences point to attempts of replacing the traditional content transmission notion, without, however, effectively showing another pedagogical tendency. We can conclude that the technical competence is still privileged, which leads to a disregard of the learning that aims at the development of a reflexive and critic stance.
O ensino de administração na graduação: percepção de enfermeiros egressos / Teaching undergraduate management: perception of nursing students / La enseñanza de la administración en el pregrado: la percepción de los enfermeros egresados
Maria Dyrce Dias, Meira; Paulina, Kurcgant.
Full Text Available Os paradigmas ideológicos de uma formação integral; a qualidade do profissional que se pretende formar; o compromisso ético, político e técnico, e a complexidade dos processos de trabalho em enfermagem, levam os cursos a repensarem o ensino e sua adequação às Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais. Esta [...] pesquisa teve como objetivo identificar nos discursos de 32 egressos a importância atribuída ao ensino de administração durante a graduação e correlacioná-los aos pressupostos das diretrizes. Trata-se de um estudo de caso de abordagem qualitativa. Os dados foram coletados através de entrevista semiestruturada e submetidos à Análise de Conteúdo. Segundo os egressos, o ensino de administração deve ter uma carga horária maior; conteúdos mais abrangentes; estratégias diversificadas; reforçar o desenvolvimento de competências, principalmente as ético-políticas e considerar a unicidade entre ensino, pesquisa e extensão. Segundo os egressos as competências gerenciais merecem destaque na reestruturação do currículo de Enfermagem. Abstract in spanish Los paradigmas ideológicos de una formación integral; el tipo de profesional que se desee formar; el compromiso ético, político, técnico y la complejidad de los procesos de trabajo en enfermería llevan a los cursos a reflexionar sobre la enseñanza y adaptación a las Directrices Curriculares Nacional [...] es. Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo identificar en los discursos de treinta y dos egresados la contribución de la enseñanza de la administración en la formación y relacionarlas a los presupuestos de las directrices. Es una investigación cualitativa desarrollada como Estudio de Caso. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevista semiestructurada, y se examinaron a través del Análisis de Contenido. Según los egresados, la enseñanza de la administración debe tener una mayor carga horaria, contenidos más amplios, diversas estrategias; reforzar el desarrollo de competencias, principalmente ético-políticas y considerar la unificación entre enseñanza, investigación y extensión. Los egresados defienden que las competencias gerenciales merecen destaque en la restructuración del curriculum de enfermería. Abstract in english The ideological paradigms of a complete nursing background; the professional quality one intends to prepare; the ethical, political, and technical commitment, and the complexity of the nursing work processes cause programs to rethink their teaching and adaptation to Brazilian National Curriculum Gui [...] delines. The objective of this study was to identify in interview conversations with 32 undergraduate nursing students the importance attributed to management classes in their professional preparation and to correlate them to the guidelines' governing principles. This is a qualitative research developed as a case study. The data were collected through semi-structured interviews and submitted to Content Analysis. According to undergraduates, teaching administration must have a greater time load; more encompassing content; diversified strategies; reinforcement of skill development, especially ethical-political skills; and consideration of the union which exists between teaching, research, and community clinical work. According to undergraduates managerial skills deserve special attention in restructuring the nursing curriculum.
Full Text Available Introduction: Caring behaviors of clinical teachers is one of the most important and influential factors in the process of clinical instruction, so far has not been paid enough attention. In other words, there has been so little research done in this area, so that the researchers couldn't present the clear image of caring dimensions. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine nursing students perception of instructors caring behavior. Methods: This descriptive study was performed on 240 nursing students in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran. The participants were selected through stratified random sampling method. The data were collected using Wades inventory for nursing students perception of instructor caring (NSPIC. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics in SPSS13 software. Results: The level of nursing instructors' caring behavior during teaching students was medium to high with the mean and standard deviation of 4.65 (0.93, as the highest level belonged to the respectful sharing, and then respectively, instill confidence through caring, appreciation of life meanings, supportive learning climate, and control versus flexibility.Conclusion: The results obtained in this study demonstrate that there is a gap in some dimension in order to achieve optimum about instructors' caring behaviors. Examining and identifying the influential factors in this regard, and applying effective strategies by relevant authorities will be effective in qualitative promotion of clinical teaching.
Full Text Available The paper analyzes the optimization process in the construction of system of teaching psychological and pedagogical disciplines in colleges and problems of transition to the new Federal State Educational Stand-ard.
Mennenga, Heidi A; Smyer, Tish
A sense of urgency exists among nurse educators to determine the best possible teaching strategies to create a rich, engaging learning environment for students. With the calls for transformation, innovation, and excellence in nursing education from the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, the National Council of State Boards of Nursing, and the National League for Nursing, educators may determine that current teaching strategies fall short. Team-based learning, an innovative teaching strategy, offers educators a structured, student-centered learning environment and may be effective in teaching necessary skills to students. An overview of how this strategy fosters many of the essential concepts, such as critical thinking, professionalism, communication, and interprofessional teamwork, is presented. Additionally, this article offers a clearly delineated "recipe" for implementing team-based learning in the classroom. This innovative strategy has the potential to transform nursing education and provide a positive teaching and learning environment for both educators and students. PMID:20196763
Tuxbury, Janis S; Vilton, Yves; Hays, Antoinette; Street, Nancy
Haiti has the highest rates of infant, under 5 years old, and maternal mortality in the Americas. More nurses are needed throughout the country, but there is a deficit of nursing faculty. Increasing numbers and quality of nursing faculty members will ensure a sustainable, positive impact on the country's nursing profession. The International Nurse Faculty Partnership Initiative was designed to educate a total of 36 current Haitian nurse faculty members at the master's-degree level. The first cohort of 12 nurse faculty members completed the program of study in February 2014, graduating with a master's degree in nursing from the State University of Haiti. Performance evaluation by their respective deans revealed that the Haitian nursing faculty members demonstrated increases in teaching effectiveness and critical thinking in comparison to their premaster's-degree skill levels. The International Nurse Faculty Partnership Initiative expects to graduate a total of 36 master's-level-prepared nurse educators. Currently, program graduates and nursing leaders from Haiti's Ministry of Health are working with the State University of Haiti to establish the faculty of nursing within the institution, creating a system for the ongoing delivery of baccalaureate-level and master-level nursing education within that country. PMID:27000196
Meretoja, Riitta; Numminen, Olivia; Isoaho, Hannu; Leino-Kilpi, Helena
Research indicates significant differences between nurse cohorts in many work-related factors. This study compared nurse competence between three generational cohorts comprising the current nursing workforce. The Nurse Competence Scale was used to collect data for this cross-sectional study from 2052 nurses in a university hospital in Finland. Data were analysed statistically. Significant differences were found between nurse cohorts in their competence. The length of work experience had a significant impact on the development of competence. The oldest cohort, with the longest work experience, had the highest competence scores (70.1 on a visual analogue scale), and the youngest had the lowest (59.0). All cohorts were most competent in patient-related nursing tasks, in maintenance of professional competence and in ethical care. Nurses were weakest in the development of nursing practice and the use of evidence-based knowledge. Targeted interventions in teaching-coaching for different nurse generations are needed to ensure the maintenance of nurse competence and high-quality patient care. PMID:24689751
C.F. van Niekerk
Full Text Available For the past three years the subject Theory and Practice of Health Education has been offered to prospective community health nurses by the Department of Nursing Science at the Medical University of Southern Africa (Medunsa. The purpose of introducing this course was to promote the practice of health education - an integral part of health care and thus of community nursing care - by guiding community health nurses to: synthesise appropriate and applicable theoretical concepts from various fields of science including education, anthropology, psychology, sociology and nursing as a premise on which to base health education apply theoretical concepts gleaned from various fields of science to the field of health education develop reasonable skill in selecting, planning, preparing, utilising and evaluating teaching/learning aids evolve a favourable attitude towards health education undertake simple studies related to health behaviour identify authorities concerned with health education on local, national and international level and know their contributions.
Full Text Available Under the aegis of a Canadian SSHRC project, The Reciprocal Learning in Teacher Education and School Education between China and Canada (RLTESECC, a group of Chinese pre-service teachers joined a three-month exchange immersion program in Canada, and had opportunities to attend university teacher education courses, work with local secondary teachers, and participant in education-related activities and events. This cross-cultural learning and teaching experience not only enriched these Chinese pre-service teachers cultural understanding, strengthen their English expression abilities, enrich their pedagogical knowledge and skills, but also changed their opinions on teachers between eastern and western more or less, leading to their new perspectives regarding teaching profession. This paper aims to explore the impact of this cross-cultural program on pre-service teachers perception of teachers qualities and teaching professional standards. Through surveys by questionnaire, interview, and participants reflections, the study found that some changes happened in pre-service teachers perception and understanding of elementary and secondary teachers qualities before and after they went abroad. And the causes of these changes are also discussed in this study. Findings of this study have practical implications for construction and implementation of teacher professional standards and pre-service teacher education for both China and Canada.
Reflexiones necesarias para aplicar los principios de la enseñanza en la educación de postgrado en Enfermería / Necessary reflections on the application of teaching principles in the postgraduate nursing education
Alain, Agramonte del Sol; Reinel, Farres Vázquez; Félix Emilio, Vento Iznaga.
Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio documental de los principios de la enseñanza con el propósito de reflexionar sobre su aplicación en la educación de posgrado en Enfermería y la importancia de éstos para la dirección científica del proceso docente. Se reconoció el carácter general, fundamental, esencial y oblig [...] atorio de los mismos, características que condicionan su carácter sistemático. Se asumió la validez del sistema de principios didácticos establecidos en la educación superior cubana, así como la teoría del conocimiento marxista-leninista y el ideario pedagógico cubano lo cual permitió fundamentar las ideas expresadas. Se concluyó que los principios de la enseñanza surgen como una generalización de la práctica pedagógica y reflejan las leyes objetivas que se manifiestan en este proceso, al mismo tiempo que forman una unidad que los hace válidos para toda actividad del profesor en la enseñanza. Abstract in english A documentary study of the teaching principles was conducted to reflect on their application to the nursing graduate education and their importance for the scientific management of the teaching process. This study recognized the general, fundamental, essential and compulsory character of these princ [...] iples, which conditions their systematization. The validity of the system of didactic principles set in the Cuban higher education as well as of the theory of Marxist-Leninist knowledge and of the Cuban pedagogic set of ideas was accepted, which allowed substantiating the expressed ideas. It was concluded that the teaching principles emerge as a generalization of the pedagogic practice, they reflect the objective laws of this process and at the same time, they function as a unit, which makes them valid for all the professor's activities in education.
Fulmer, J; Hazzard, M; Jones, S; Keene, K
This article presents four views encompassing one nursing department's experience using distance learning technology. The challenge of presenting a nursing class through distance technology is discussed from the perspective of the telecommunication faculty providing the technological support, the nursing faculty teaching the on-campus course, the off-campus nursing faculty coordinating the course at the outreach site, and the head of the Department of Nursing. Review of course grades demonstrated that off-campus students achieved higher grades than on-campus students. All students evaluated the teacher as being effective; however, off-campus students were not as strong in their opinion. PMID:1401566
Lamb, L S
A representative sample of 30 patients completed the study. Statistical analysis was such that five of six hypotheses were supported. The sixth hypothesis was not tested because of decreased sample size. Statistical analysis supported the conclusion that, in this particular study, patients learned from the teaching materials regardless of age, education, or time under a physician's care for the cardiac disorder. One of the major limitations of this study was the inability to test for an increase in patient knowledge without the use of the manual. A suggestion for further research could be the conduct of a comparison study between pretest and posttest scores of patients who used the manual and those who received the hospital's routine precatheterization care. The implications for nursing in this study were addressed at length in the introduction and review of the literature. The major advantage of a usable teaching manual is its efficiency in teaching a large number of patients in a shorter period of time. Print decreases time requirements and is more efficient than oral language, except for those who have difficulty reading. The reader can control the speed at which the material is read and comprehended. It is important to remember, however, that although written materials are helpful in patient teaching, they are not a substitute for patient-nurse contact. According to Redman , the materials do not in and of themselves allow patient responses or consider the patient's subjective feelings regarding the procedure. They do provide standardized information, an important aid that serves to increase the efficiency of the staff nurse in patient care and teaching. The researcher concedes that further investigation is necessary to provide adequate validity and reliability of the materials. Tested teaching materials in the hands of concerned health professionals can produce a more knowledgeable and cooperative patient and improve staff efficiency. PMID:6562111
... Nursing Society Page Content The Pediatric Endocrinology Nursing Society (PENS) is committed to the development and advancement of nurses in the art and science of pediatric endocrinology nursing. ?????????????????????????????? About PENS Header 1 ...
Nursing practice applications include an overview of an HIS that incorporates nursing practice, an analysis of a clinical nursing database, a description of an acuity system and two nursing care planning systems.
Inservice training in nursing is seen as a necessary component to help the professional nurse to keep up to date on the most recent developments in nursing and to be able to manage the demands of nursing practice.
Williamson, Marvel L; Cook, Linda; Salmeron, Lois; Burton, Denise
The number of nursing faculty planning to retire by 2020 is alarming. To develop strategies for retaining faculty, researchers asked: What factors influence the decision by nursing faculty to stay in the workforce past retirement age? What barriers could be removed that would encourage faculty to stay longer? Using Giorgi's analysis method, findings from 6 faculty teaching past retirement age revealed key meaning units and grand themes that match Maslow's Hierarchy of Inborn Needs. PMID:20548182
Airth-Kindree, Norah; Vandenbark, R Todd
Students in an RN-BSN completion program capstone course investigated and critically evaluated mobile medical applications using an information literacy conceptual framework. Students also analyzed their potential usefulness as a resource in nursing practice. Student evaluations focused on usability and applicability when recommending the use of mobile applications as a point-of-care reference tools. This pilot assignment offers an innovative teaching strategy for integrating 1 aspect of informatics instruction into the nursing curriculum. PMID:24937293
Pei-Li Chien; Hui-Fang Su; Pi-Ching Hsieh; Ruo-Yan Siao; Pei-Ying Ling; Hei-Jen Jou
Purpose. To investigate sleep quality of hospital staff nurses, both by subjective questionnaire and objective measures. Methods. Female staff nurses at a regional teaching hospital in Northern Taiwan were recruited. The Chinese version of the pittsburgh sleep quality index (C-PSQI) was used to assess subjective sleep quality, and an electrocardiogram-based cardiopulmonary coupling (CPC) technique was used to analyze objective sleep stability. Work stress was assessed using questionnaire on m...
U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Nursing Facility Services are provided by Medicaid certified nursing homes, which primarily provide three types of services: Skilled nursing or medical care and...
Crosley, Joan M.
This paper presents a brief description of the beginning phase of a long term project introducing computerized nursing care planning utilizing nursing diagnoses within one nursing department. Areas for future study are proposed.
Gül Ertem; Ümran Sevil
This examination is planned as an analytical, partial and experimantal examination targeting women normally given birth in order to examine the effect of nurse care to the patient satisfaction and quality of care which is given in postpartum period. The examination is naturally formed by 470 normally given birth women in the ministry of health of the Turkish Republic Dr.Ekrem Hayri Üstündag woman Diseases and Maternity Hospital between 01.04.2002 / 15.08.2003. The sample of the examinatio...
Disseminação de valores éticos no ensino do cuidar em enfermagem: estudo fenomenológico / Spreading ethical values in teaching nursing care: a phenomenological study / Difusión de valores éticos en la enseñanza del cuidado en enfermería: un estudio fenomenológico
Alan Dionizio, Carneiro; Solange Fátima Geraldo da, Costa; Marconi José Pimentel, Pequeno.
Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar como professores de Enfermagem disseminam valores éticos no ensino do cuidar em enfermagem a partir do referencial axiológico de Max Scheler. Trata-se de uma pesquisa fenomenológica realizada com a participação de 12 professores de enfermagem da Universidade [...] Federal da Paraíba. Os dados foram coletados por meio da técnica de entrevista no período de agosto a setembro de 2008. A análise do material empírico efetivou-se mediante uma abordagem qualitativa, à luz da fenomenologia Scheleriana. Deste modo, foi possível compreender que os educadores fazem uso de uma comunicação diretiva, usando mandados pedagógicos (conselhos, recomendações, deliberações morais, entre outros) para disseminar valores éticos direcionados a prática do cuidar. Logo, os valores éticos não podem ser ensinados apenas teoricamente, precisam estar respaldados em uma experiência real ou imaginária e ser uma descoberta do mundo do cuidar para ter sua eficácia no processo ensino- aprendizagem. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar cómo los docentes de enfermería difunden los valores éticos en la enseñanza del cuidado en enfermería a partir del marco conceptual axiológico de Max Sheler. Es una investigación fenomenológica que fue realizada con la participación de 12 docentes de enferm [...] ería de la Universidad Federal de la Paraiba. Los datos se recolectaron mediante entrevistas realizadas de agosto a septiembre de 2008. El análisis del material empírico se llevó a cabo mediante un enfoque cualitativo según la fenomenología Scheleriana. Así, fue posible comprender que los educadores emplean una comunicación directa utilizando las directrices pedagógicas (consejos, recomendaciones y deliberaciones morales, entre otras) para la transmisión de los valores éticos para la práctica del cuidado. Los valores éticos no pueden ser enseñados sólo en teoría, tienen que basarse en una experiencia real o imaginaria y ser un descubrimiento del mundo del cuidado para ejercer su función en el proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje. Abstract in english The objective of this study was to investigate how nursing professors disseminate ethical values in teaching nursing care based on Max Scheler's axiological reference. This investigation consisted of a phenomenological research developed with the participation of 12 nursing professors from the Feder [...] al University of Paraíba, Brazil. The data were collected through a semi-structured interview given between August and September of 2008. The empirical data were analyzed with a qualitative approach, using Max Scheler's phenomenology. Thus, it was possible to understand that nursing professors use directive communication, using pedagogical guidelines (advice, recommendations, moral deliberations, among others) to spread ethical values directed to care practices. Thus, ethical values may not be taught merely theoretically, they need to be based on real or imaginary experience and be a discovery of the world of care in order to have its effectiveness in the teaching-learning process.
Foley, Vicki; Myrick, Florence; Yonge, Olive
The success of the preceptorship approach to teaching-learning depends on the formation of positive working relationships. Preceptors and nursing students are frequently of different generations and often have differing world-views. A phenomenological study, guided by van Manen's approach, was conducted to develop an understanding of how generational differences influence the formation of the preceptor-student relationship and the overall success of the experience. Three main themes were revealed: being affirmed, being challenged, and being on a pedagogical journey. A key subtheme of being challenged was colliding generational worldviews; in this article, our purpose is to explore this particular subtheme. The data suggest that generational clashpoints are occurring during preceptorship experiences, and the implications of these are serious, particularly from a nursing recruitment and retention perspective. It is vital that proactive measures be taken to inspire the future generation of nurses, rather than stifling their spirit and assertiveness. PMID:22909041
Nickelsen, Niels Christian Mossfeldt; Elkjær, Bente
Telemedicine is defined as diagnosis, treatment and monitoring among doctors, nurses and patients separated by space, but mediated through information and communication technologies. We argue that a unique experience of confidence and proximity between patient and nurse is provided through continuity and the practical set-up of screen and device in telemedicine. This embraces new standards and possibilities for professional discretion and accountability for nurses, but also an increasingly compl...
Pirkey, Jean M; Levey, Janet A; Newberry, Shirley M; Guthman, Pamela L; Hansen, Judith M
Nurse educators struggle to provide culturally diverse community health clinical placements that cultivate cultural awareness, knowledge, and competence among baccalaureate nursing students. Public health nurses observe that many new nursing graduates lack the fundamental knowledge, skills, and affective behaviors necessary to work with culturally diverse populations. To address this, nursing faculty from two schools partnered to strategize, design, implement, and evaluate a community health assessment project using the instructional method of videoconferencing. The goal was to maximize students' exposure to and engagement with geographically and demographically dissimilar populations. Through videoconferencing, students from two distant schools were able to exchange and actively discuss their community health assessments. Videoconferencing gave students the opportunity to exchange community assessments and perceptions augmented by technology and guided through faculty networking. This article describes a piloted teaching strategy by which students performed and exchanged their community health assessments from diverse populations to enhance their cultural awareness. PMID:22908884
This book examines issues of considerable significance in addressing global aspirations to raise standards of teaching and learning in mathematics by developing approaches to characterizing, assessing and developing mathematical knowledge for teaching.
Koivula, Meeri; Tarkka, Marja-Terttu; Simonen, Maria; Katajisto, Jouko; Salminen, Leena
Evidence-based nursing practices using the latest knowledge require nursing education and further education based on the latest research findings. Anyhow, research utilisation by nursing teachers is poorly known. The aim of this study was to assess research utilisation by nursing teachers and connections of teachers background, further education and research activity variables to research utilisation on nursing education. A descriptive, cross-sectional survey design was used. A structured questionnaire specifically designed for this study which focused on research utilisation by nursing teachers were used. Data were collected from all nursing schools in Finland using a survey via the Internet. Participating nursing teachers totaled 339, with a response rate of 46%. The mean age of teachers was 51years and most had master's degrees, although 12% had a licentiate or PhD. Most nursing teachers had taken further education, were members of research and development teams and had publications. Research utilisation in nursing teaching was connected to teachers age, nursing diploma, academic degree, work experience, official title, further education, research and development activities and publication activity. Conclusion is that nursing teachers with doctoral degrees make better use of research on nursing education than those with master's degrees. PMID:20605663
The use of Smartphones in teaching and learning is transforming academia and affords a shift in paradigm for Historically Black Universities and Colleges (HBCUs) nurse programs for the 21st century. Smartphone use in academic settings has gained popularity among college students. For minority and low-income students, this handheld device may be the only source to real-time Internet-accessible information, and in anchoring social, vocational, and academic habits. Nursing faculty acceptance of smartphones in the classroom assists in clinical and simulation learning experiences. These experiences are keys to integration of successful smartphone initiatives in HBCU nursing programs. PMID:26665502
Miros?aw J. Jarosz
Full Text Available Florence Nightingale, while formulating her concept of nursing mentioned, among nurses tasks, the popularization of personal hygiene and hygiene of surroundings in workers environments, as well as teaching baby care to mothers. The performance of these tasks required cooperation with the families, and at that time, such a cooperation was postulated by William Rathbone (18191902. According to him, to the tasks of a nurse providing home care for a patient also belong assistance to the family in the area of hygiene and health care.
Carpenter, Kay F.; Kroth, Jerome A.
Research determining the effectiveness of videotape recorded (VTR) role playing as a teaching technique was conducted on nurses attending continuing education classes in verbal and nonverbal therapeutic communication skills. VTR appears to be an effective technique. (LH)
Ensino da bioética nos cursos de Enfermagem das universidades federais brasileiras / Survey of bioethics teaching in Nursing Courses of Brazilian Federal Universities / Estudio de la enseñanza de bioética en los cursos de Enfermería de universidades federales brasileñas
José Carlos Ferreira, Couto Filho; Flávia Silva, Souza; Sylvia Sardinha da, Silva; Sérgio, Yarid; Edite Lago da Silva, Sena.
Full Text Available Trata-se de artigo de pesquisa documental voltado a identificar a oferta da disciplina ou da temática bioética nos cursos de graduação em Enfermagem das universidades federais brasileiras. Adotou-se como critério básico de seleção de amostra a disponibilização online do projeto político-pedagógico d [...] o curso de Enfermagem. Foram identificadas 16 instituições (27%) que atendiam ao critério, e a bioética constava na grade curricular ou era apresentada como temática específica em oito delas (50%). A outra metade da amostra não oferta a disciplina ou discute transversalmente o tema, embora sete cursos (43,75%) ofereçam disciplinas correlatas: ética; legislação em enfermagem; exercício da enfermagem; deontologia. Verificou-se que um curso (6,25 %) não oferta nenhuma disciplina referente à temática. A falta de padronização curricular em relação à oferta da disciplina permite concluir que a formação profissional em enfermagem é prejudicada e que isso também estabelece discrepância entre os cursos das diferentes instituições. Abstract in spanish Se trata de artículo de investigación documental como objetivo identificar la presencia de la disciplina o de la temática bioética en los cursos de grado en enfermería de las universidades federales brasileñas. Adoptando como criterios basico de selección de la muestra, solamente las universidades q [...] ue pusieron a disponibilidad de forma online los Proyectos Políticos Pedagógicos del curso de Enfermería. Fueran identificadas 16 (27%) universidades federales, de entre las cuales ocho ofrecen la Bioética como componente curricular o temática específica (50%). La otra mitad de la muestra no ofrecen la disciplina Bioética o temática relacionada, siendo que siete de esas (43,75%) abordan temáticas correlacionadas: ética, legislación en enfermería, ejercicio de la enfermería y deontología. Una universidad (6,25%) no aborda la temática. La falta de padrones curriculares en relación a oferta de la disciplina permite concluir que la formación profesional en enfermaría es perjudicada e que esto también establece discrepancia entre los cursos de las diferentes instituciones. Abstract in english This documentary research paper aims to identify the presence of bioethics, or Bioethical related themes, as subject matter in under graduation nursing courses of Brazilian Federal Universities. Adopting as inclusion criteria for the selection of the sample only the universities which provided onlin [...] e the Pedagogical Political Projects of the Nursing Courses. We identified in the collected results from 16 (27%) Federal Universities, that eight Universities have Bioethics as curriculum component or specific theme (50% of the total number) of, and that there is no Bioethics or bioethical related themes teaching, in the other eight universities. Seven of these Universities (43.75%), address the following issues: ethics, nursing law, nursing practice and deontology. And one university (6.25%) does not address the issue. It is concluded that the subject matter bioethics and/or bioethical related themes, are not present in all curricula of the Brazilian Federal Universities nursing courses identified in this study.
Relato de experiência: ensinando a administração em enfermagem através da educação em saúde / Teaching nursing administration through health education / Ensenando la administración en enfermeria a través de la educación en salud
Rosangela Maria, Greco.
Full Text Available Este trabalho aborda uma experiência de ensino na Disciplina de Administração em Enfermagem de uma Universidade Federal, com alunos que estão cursando o oitavo período do curso de graduação em enfermagem. A partir da concepção de que as gerências da unidade e do cuidado estão associadas, uma vez que [...] o enfermeiro ao gerenciar recursos em geral deve estar voltado para o processo assistencial e não pode perder de vista a qualidade da assistência, os alunos construíram uma proposta de educação em saúde para ser desenvolvida com adolescentes em uma escola pública, integrando Unidade Básica de Saúde/Escola/Universidade. Através deste trabalho os alunos puderam associar a teoria à prática fazendo um exercício de planejamento, tomada de decisão, liderança, trabalho em equipe, avaliação e controle. Abstract in spanish Este trabajo aborda una experiencia de ensenanza en la Disciplina de Administración en Enfermeria de una Universidad Federal, con alumnos que están cursando el octavo periodo dei curso de graduación en enfermeria. A partir de la concepción de que las gerencias de la unidad y dei cuidado están asocia [...] das, una vez que el enfermero ai dirigir recursos en general debe estar volcado ai proceso asistencial y no puede perder de vista la calidad de la asistencia, los alumnos construirán una propuesta de educación en salud para ser desarrol/ada con adolescentes en una escuela pública, integrando Unidad Básica de Salud / Escuela / Universidad. A través de este trabajo los alumnos podrán asociar la teoria a Ia práctica haciendo un ejercicio de planeamiento, toma de decisión, liderazgo, trabajo en equipo, evaluación y control. Abstract in english This artic/e analyzes a teaching experience in the course of Nursing Administration at a Federal University, with fourth-year students majoring in Nursing. Based on the conception by which unit and care managements are associated, since nurses who manage funds should typical/y aim at the assistance [...] process and cannot lose sight of the assistance qua/ity, students bui/t a health education proposal to be developed with adolescents at a public school by integrating basic health unit, school, and university. Through this work, students were able to associate theory and practice by carrying out an exercise comprehending planning, decision-making, leadership, teamwork, evaluation, and control.
Incubadora de aprendizagem: uma nova forma de ensino na Enfermagem/Saúde / Incubator of learning: a new form of teaching in Nursing/Health / Incubadora de aprendizaje: una nueva forma de enseñanza en la Enfermería/Salud
Diana, Cecagno; Deisi Cardoso, Soares; Heidi Crecencia Heckler de, Siqueira; Suzana, Cecagno.
Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar, uma idéia inovadora de aprendizagem na enfermagem: incubadora de aprendizagem, uma nova maneira de ensinar e aprender. Esta estratégia avançada de aprendizagem procura integrar a educação à inovação tecnológica. Ela pode ser o ponto de partida para uma nova [...] maneira de "aprender a aprender" na enfermagem. Essa modalidade, utilizada em outras áreas do conhecimento, permite: compreender a realidade no qual o profissional está inserido, desenvolver competências, habilidades, adquirir novos conhecimentos, ampliar a criatividade e conseqüentemente aguçar o espírito empreendedor, incentivando a criação de oportunidades profissionais. A incubadora de aprendizagem capacita multiplicadores de idéias e atividades/serviços, alia aprendizagem às tecnologias capazes de fazer a diferença na trajetória profissional, enquanto exercita o empreendedorismo da enfermagem. Abstract in spanish Este artículo tiene como objetivo presentar una idea inovadora de aprendizaje en la enfermería: incubadora de aprendizaje, una nueva manera de enseñar y aprender en la enfermería. Esta estrategia avanzada de aprendizaje procura integrar la educación la inovación tecnológica. Ella puede ser el punto [...] de partida para una nueva manera de "aprender a aprender" en la enfermería. Esa modalidad, ya utilizada en otras áreas del conocimiento, permite: comprende la realidad en la cual el profesional está inserto, desenvolver competencias, habilidades, adquirir nuevos conocimientos, ampliar la creatividad y concecuentemente agudizar el espíritu emprendedor, incentivando la creación de oportunidades profesionales. La incubadora de aprendizaje capacita multiplicadores de nuevas ideas y actividades/servicios, alia el aprendizaje a las tecnologias capaces de hacer la diferencia en la trayectoria profesional, en cuanto ejercita el emprendedorismo de la enfermería. Abstract in english This article has as objective to present an innovative idea of learning in nursing: learning incubator, a new way to teach and to learn. This advanced strategy of learning tries to integrate the education to the technological innovation. It can be the starting point for a new way of "learn to learn" [...] in nursing. This modality, used in other knowledge areas allows: to understand the reality in which the professional is inserted, to improve competences, abilities, to acquire new knowledge, to enlarge creativity and consequently to sharpen the enterprising spirit, motivating the creation of professional opportunities. The learning incubator qualifies multipliers of ideas and activities/services, it forms an alliance learning with the technologies capable to make the difference in the professional path, while it exercises nursing enterprising.
Ensino de didática em enfermagem mediado pelo computador: avaliação discente Enseñanza de la didactica en enfermeria por intermedio de la computadora: evaluación del alumnado Computer-mediated teaching of didactics in nursing: students evaluation
Heloisa Helena Ciqueto Peres
Full Text Available Este estudo de natureza exploratória descritiva teve como finalidade descrever a opinião dos discentes quanto à forma e conteúdo de um site educacional e a aplicação deste como recurso instrucional no ensino da Disciplina de Didática em Enfermagem de um Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem de uma escola do município de São Paulo. Os sujeitos do estudo foram alunos matriculados nessa disciplina no primeiro semestre do ano letivo de 2003. Os resultados do estudo demonstraram que os discentes apresentam prontidão ao uso da informática e são favoráveis à adoção de novas metodologias de ensino mediadas pelo computador na enfermagem, na perspectiva de ampliar e diversificar as formas de comunicação entre professores e alunos.Este estudio de naturaleza exploratoria descriptiva tuvo la finalidad de evaluar un sitio de internet educativo utilizado en la enseñanza de la Disciplina de Didáctica en Enfermería de un Curso de Graduación en Enfermería de una Escuela del Municipio de Sao Paulo, según la opinión de los alumnos. Los sujetos del estudio fueron alumnos matriculados en esa disciplina correspondientes al primer semestre del año escolar del 2003. Los resultados de la investigación demuestran que los alumnos presentan agilidad en el área de informática durante la enseñanza de didáctica y son favorables a la adopción de nuevas metodologías de enseñanza intermediadas por la computadora en enfermería, en la perspectiva de ampliar y diversificar las formas de comunicación entre profesores y alumnos.This exploratory descriptive study's purpose is to describe what students think regarding the form and content of an educational site and its application as an instructional resource for the discipline of Didactics in Nursing in the undergraduate course in Nursing at a school in the city of São Paulo. The study's subjects were students enrolled in that discipline during the first semester of the school year of 2003. The results show promptness regarding the use of computers on the part of the students, who are favorable to the adoption of new computer-mediated teaching methodologies in Nursing as a means to increase and diversify the forms of communication between instructors and students.
Incubadora de aprendizagem: uma nova forma de ensino na Enfermagem/Saúde Incubadora de aprendizaje: una nueva forma de enseñanza en la Enfermería/Salud Incubator of learning: a new form of teaching in Nursing/Health
Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo apresentar, uma idéia inovadora de aprendizagem na enfermagem: incubadora de aprendizagem, uma nova maneira de ensinar e aprender. Esta estratégia avançada de aprendizagem procura integrar a educação à inovação tecnológica. Ela pode ser o ponto de partida para uma nova maneira de "aprender a aprender" na enfermagem. Essa modalidade, utilizada em outras áreas do conhecimento, permite: compreender a realidade no qual o profissional está inserido, desenvolver competências, habilidades, adquirir novos conhecimentos, ampliar a criatividade e conseqüentemente aguçar o espírito empreendedor, incentivando a criação de oportunidades profissionais. A incubadora de aprendizagem capacita multiplicadores de idéias e atividades/serviços, alia aprendizagem às tecnologias capazes de fazer a diferença na trajetória profissional, enquanto exercita o empreendedorismo da enfermagem.Este artículo tiene como objetivo presentar una idea inovadora de aprendizaje en la enfermería: incubadora de aprendizaje, una nueva manera de enseñar y aprender en la enfermería. Esta estrategia avanzada de aprendizaje procura integrar la educación la inovación tecnológica. Ella puede ser el punto de partida para una nueva manera de "aprender a aprender" en la enfermería. Esa modalidad, ya utilizada en otras áreas del conocimiento, permite: comprende la realidad en la cual el profesional está inserto, desenvolver competencias, habilidades, adquirir nuevos conocimientos, ampliar la creatividad y concecuentemente agudizar el espíritu emprendedor, incentivando la creación de oportunidades profesionales. La incubadora de aprendizaje capacita multiplicadores de nuevas ideas y actividades/servicios, alia el aprendizaje a las tecnologias capaces de hacer la diferencia en la trayectoria profesional, en cuanto ejercita el emprendedorismo de la enfermería.This article has as objective to present an innovative idea of learning in nursing: learning incubator, a new way to teach and to learn. This advanced strategy of learning tries to integrate the education to the technological innovation. It can be the starting point for a new way of "learn to learn" in nursing. This modality, used in other knowledge areas allows: to understand the reality in which the professional is inserted, to improve competences, abilities, to acquire new knowledge, to enlarge creativity and consequently to sharpen the enterprising spirit, motivating the creation of professional opportunities. The learning incubator qualifies multipliers of ideas and activities/services, it forms an alliance learning with the technologies capable to make the difference in the professional path, while it exercises nursing enterprising.
The vulnerability of nursing workers to tuberculosis in a teaching hospital / A vulnerabilidade à tuberculose em trabalhadores de enfermagem em um hospital universitário / La vulnerabilidad a la tuberculosis en trabajadores de enfermería dentro de un hospital universitario
Juliana Nery de, Souza; Maria Rita, Bertolozzi.
Full Text Available Este estudo buscou identificar aspectos que podem potencializar a vulnerabilidade dos trabalhadores de enfermagem relacionada à tuberculose, por meio da verificação de indicadores de vida pessoal, trabalho e relativas ao conhecimento da enfermidade. A amostra compôs 81 trabalhadores de enfermagem en [...] volvidos com a assistência nos turnos diurno e noturno do Hospital Universitário da USP, que responderam a um questionário sobre hábitos de vida e trabalho. A amostra integrou indicadores que induzem à vulnerabilidade à tuberculose: período longo de experiência profissional em hospital e jornada maior que 12 horas diárias. Os dados evidenciaram que auxiliares de enfermagem apresentam maior número de indicadores de vulnerabilidade, assim como os trabalhadores do noturno em geral. Parcela expressiva dos trabalhadores apresentou conhecimento equivocado sobre a enfermidade, apesar de prestarem assistência a pacientes com tuberculose. Os resultados evidenciam a necessidade de se difundir conhecimento apropriado sobre a enfermidade, já que esses trabalhadores constituem agentes no controle da tuberculose. Abstract in spanish En este estudio se buscó identificar aspectos que pueden potenciar la vulnerabilidad de los trabajadores de enfermería frente a la tuberculosis, utilizando la verificación de indicadores de vida personal, trabajo y los relacionados al conocimiento de la enfermedad. La muestra estuvo conformada por 8 [...] 1 trabajadores de enfermería involucrados con la asistencia en los turnos diurno y nocturno del Hospital Universitario de la USP, los cuales respondieron a un cuestionario sobre los hábitos de vida y de trabajo. A través de la muestra fue posible mostrar indicadores sobre la vulnerabilidad a la tuberculosis: una larga experiencia profesional en hospital y jornada con más de 12 horas diarias. Los datos mostraron que, auxiliares de enfermería y trabajadores del turno nocturno presentan mayor número de indicadores de vulnerabilidad. Gran parte de los trabajadores mostraron conocimiento equivocado sobre la enfermedad, a pesar de brindar atención a pacientes con tuberculosis. Los resultados evidenciaron la necesidad de difundir el conocimiento apropiado sobre la tuberculosis, ya que estos trabajadores constituyen agentes para su control. Abstract in english This study aimed to identify aspects that potentially increase the vulnerability of nursing workers to tuberculosis, through the verification of personal life, work and disease knowledge indexes. The sample is composed of 81 nursing workers involved with assistance in the night and day shifts at USP [...] Teaching Hospital, who answered a questionnaire about life and work habits. The sample aggregated the indexes that increase vulnerability to tuberculosis: long professional experience in hospitals and work load longer than 12 hours. Data show that nursing auxiliaries and workers from the night shift in general have a higher number of vulnerability indexes.
Ensino de didática em enfermagem mediado pelo computador: avaliação discente / Computer-mediated teaching of didactics in nursing: students evaluation / Enseñanza de la didactica en enfermeria por intermedio de la computadora: evaluación del alumnado
Heloisa Helena Ciqueto, Peres; Karina Cardoso, Meira; Maria Madalena Januário, Leite.
Full Text Available Este estudo de natureza exploratória descritiva teve como finalidade descrever a opinião dos discentes quanto à forma e conteúdo de um site educacional e a aplicação deste como recurso instrucional no ensino da Disciplina de Didática em Enfermagem de um Curso de Graduação em Enfermagem de uma escola [...] do município de São Paulo. Os sujeitos do estudo foram alunos matriculados nessa disciplina no primeiro semestre do ano letivo de 2003. Os resultados do estudo demonstraram que os discentes apresentam prontidão ao uso da informática e são favoráveis à adoção de novas metodologias de ensino mediadas pelo computador na enfermagem, na perspectiva de ampliar e diversificar as formas de comunicação entre professores e alunos. Abstract in spanish Este estudio de naturaleza exploratoria descriptiva tuvo la finalidad de evaluar un sitio de internet educativo utilizado en la enseñanza de la Disciplina de Didáctica en Enfermería de un Curso de Graduación en Enfermería de una Escuela del Municipio de Sao Paulo, según la opinión de los alumnos. Lo [...] s sujetos del estudio fueron alumnos matriculados en esa disciplina correspondientes al primer semestre del año escolar del 2003. Los resultados de la investigación demuestran que los alumnos presentan agilidad en el área de informática durante la enseñanza de didáctica y son favorables a la adopción de nuevas metodologías de enseñanza intermediadas por la computadora en enfermería, en la perspectiva de ampliar y diversificar las formas de comunicación entre profesores y alumnos. Abstract in english This exploratory descriptive study's purpose is to describe what students think regarding the form and content of an educational site and its application as an instructional resource for the discipline of Didactics in Nursing in the undergraduate course in Nursing at a school in the city of São Paul [...] o. The study's subjects were students enrolled in that discipline during the first semester of the school year of 2003. The results show promptness regarding the use of computers on the part of the students, who are favorable to the adoption of new computer-mediated teaching methodologies in Nursing as a means to increase and diversify the forms of communication between instructors and students.
Calidad de la atención de enfermería en los servicios quirúrgicos del Hospital Clinicoquirúrgico Docente "Dr. Joaquín Castillo Duany" / Quality of the nursing care in the surgical services of "Dr. Joaquín Castillo Duany" Teaching Clinical Surgical Hospital
Yainit, Román Mengana; José Arturo, de Dios Lorente.
Full Text Available Se realizó una investigación evaluativa de sistemas y servicios de salud en el Hospital Clinicoquirúrgico Docente "Dr. Joaquín Castillo Duany" de Santiago de Cuba, de enero de 2011 a octubre de 2012, a fin de evaluar la calidad de la atención de enfermería en las salas quirúrgicas de esta institució [...] n, para lo cual se consideraron los pacientes ingresados en estos servicios (97) durante ese período y el personal de enfermería que se encontraba laborando al momento de efectuar el estudio. Entre los resultados se evidenciaron dificultades en el completamiento de los recursos materiales (termómetros y fuentes alternativas de iluminación), la evaluación del desempeño reveló dificultad en los procedimientos y la demora en la recepción del paciente constituyó uno de los aspectos que más incidió en la no satisfacción de los investigados en relación con el personal de enfermería. De igual modo, se identificó insatisfacción de los prestadores de servicios con la estimulación, y se pudo concluir que en el proceso general de atención al paciente en las salas quirúrgicas fueron identificadas las principales deficiencias que constituyen proyecciones de trabajo inmediatas a mejorar para una atención de excelencia Abstract in english An evaluative investigation of health systems and services was carried out in "Dr. Joaquín Castillo Duany" Teaching Clinical Surgical Hospital in Santiago de Cuba from January, 2011 to October, 2012, in order to evaluate the quality of nursing care in the surgical rooms of this institution, for whic [...] h the patients admitted to these services during that period (97), and the nursing staff working at the moment of carrying out the study were considered. Among the results difficulties were evidenced in the disposable material resources (clinical thermometers and alternative illumination sources), the evaluation of performance revealed difficulty in the procedures and the delay in the patient's admission constituted one of the aspects impacting the non satisfaction of those investigated in relation to the nursing staff. Likewise, dissatisfaction of the care giver with the stimulation was identified, and it could be concluded that in the general process of care to the patient in the surgical rooms the main deficiencies which constitute immediate work projections to improve for an excellence care were identified
Fathi Mohamed Mohamed; Shirwaikar Arun; Arifulla Mohamed; Muttappallymyalil Jayakumary; Sreedharan Jayadevan; Cheriathu Jenny; John Lisha Jenny
Nurses play a functional role in preventing drug related problems. They need to be aware of the dangers of polypharmacy while reviewing patient medications. We studied the nurses' opinion on the diverse effects of polypharmacy in the hospital setting. Nurses working in a tertiary care teaching hospital participated in this cross-sectional study, conducted over 3 months, by responding to a self-administered questionnaire. Chi-square test was used to analyze association between socio-demographi...
Bednarz, Hedi; Schim, Stephanie; DOORENBOS, ARDITH
Increasing diversity in the classroom challenges nursing educators to identify issues that complicate teaching (perils), analyze barriers for themselves and their students (pitfalls), and select new strategies for working with nontraditional students (pearls). This article identifies concerns arising from attitudes and values within nursing and common approaches to diversity education, and then discusses key issues in nursing education that relate to human nature, culture, faculty workload, a...
Zerwic, Julie J; Rosen, Denise
Nursing schools are vulnerable to disasters, ranging from pandemics to weather emergencies, fires, and acts of terrorism. To ensure minimal disruptions to teaching, provision of care, research, and other critical missions, nursing faculty and administrative leaders should develop a business continuity plan. The business continuity plan can help faculty, students, and administration identify critical functions and alternative plans if an emergency occurs. We offer our experience as a guide for other nursing schools. PMID:26312823
Tahissa Frota Cavalcante; Nirla Gomes Guedes; Rafaella Pessoa Moreira; Tatiane Gomes Guedes; Michell Ângelo Marques Araújo
The nursing attendance in mental health has been changing your paradigm, such as psychiatric remodeling and the new role assumed by the nurses. This study aims to describe the activities developed for a group of nursing academics during the practical process of teaching-learning applied at patients with mental disease in therapeutic phase. It is an experience report developed at a Psychosocial Support Center located at the city of Fortaleza-Ceará in the period held from September to November ...
Enseñanza de la Enfermería y relación docente asistencial en el marco educacional y sanitario chileno Ensino da Enfermaria e relação docente assistencial no marco educacional e sanitário chileno Nursing teaching and the relationship between healthcare and teaching activities in the Chilean educational and health frame
Jacqueline Ester Salgado París
Full Text Available La enseñanza formal de la Enfermería tiene poco más de un siglo en Chile, y desde sus inicios nace ligada al ámbito de la asistencia. Esto ha generado una relación docente asistencial de larga data e implícita para todos los actores, pero no siempre clara, por no contar con marcos regulatorios formales. La evolución de la política actual en los ámbitos educacional y sanitario, han generado aires de cambio, normando esta relación existente entre Instituciones de educación superior y de salud. El presente artículo describe la evolución de la enseñanza de enfermería, en su relación docente asistencial y, como los recientes marcos regulatorios en educación y salud podrán influir en la calidad de la educación y la relación docente-asistencial.O ensino formal da Enfermaria tem pouco mais de um século no Chile, e desde seus inícios nasce unida ao âmbito da assistência. Isto gerou uma relação docente assistencial de longa data e implícita para todos os atores, mas não sempre clara, por não contar com marcos regulatórios formais. A evolução da política atual nos âmbitos educacional e sanitário, geraram ares de mudança, normando esta relação existente entre Instituições de educação superior e de saúde. O presente artigo descreve a evolução do ensino de enfermaria, em sua relação docente assistencial e, como os recentes marcos regulatórios em educação e saúde poderão influir na qualidade da educação e a relação docente-assistencial.Nursing formal education has a little more than a century in Chile and from its beginnings it was born linked to a care setting. This has generated a long data relationship between healthcare and teaching activities, implicit for all its actors but not always clear due to the absence of formal regulatory frames. The evolution of the current educational and health field politics has generated change airs, ruling this existing relationship between higher education and health care institutions. This article describes the evolution of nursing teaching in its relationship between healthcare and teaching activities and how the current educational and health regulatory frames could influence in the education quality and the relationship between healthcare and teaching activities.
Belcher, Melanie; Jones, Linda K
This paper presents the findings of a qualitative exploratory descriptive study that aimed to explore and describe graduate nurses' perceptions and experiences of establishing trust in the nurse-patient relationship. Trust has been identified in the literature to be a crucial element in establishing an effective nurse- patient relationship. There is little in the literature, however, about the development of trust in the new graduate nurse-patient relationship. This research attempts to address this deficit. With this in mind, in depth interviews were conducted with seven first year registered nurses participating in graduate year programs. These first year nurses were asked to describe what their knowledge, understanding and experience of trust was in the nurse-patient relationship. From the data the themes that emerged were building a rapport, communication, being professional and confidence. The results of this study indicate that before a graduate nurse can achieve a trusting relationship with a patient, they first have to develop a rapport with them. More emphasis, therefore, on teaching communication skills in undergraduate and graduate programs may help to increase the knowledge and skills of new graduate nurses. In addition, including discussions on the factors that are important to building rapport and trust, what being a professional entails and strategies for caring for patients in situations where rapport has not been achieved. This research was undertaken as part of a Bachelor of Nursing Honors program. PMID:19379116
Tokuhama-Espinosa, Tracey Noel
Concepts from neuroeducation, commonly referred in the popular press as "brain-based learning," have been applied indiscreetly and inconsistently to classroom teaching practices for many years. While standards exist in neurology, psychology and pedagogy, there are no agreed upon standards in their intersection, neuroeducation, and a formal bridge linking the fields is missing. This study used grounded theory development to determine the parameters of the emerging neuroeducational field based on a meta-analysis of the literature over the past 30 years, which included over 2,200 documents. This research results in a new model for neuroeducation. The design of the new model was followed by a Delphi survey of 20 international experts from six different countries that further refined the model contents over several months of reflection. Finally, the revised model was compared to existing information sources, including popular press, peer review journals, academic publications, teacher training textbooks and the Internet, to determine to what extent standards in neuroeducation are met in the current literature. This study determined that standards in the emerging field, now labeled Mind, Brain, and Education: The Science of Teaching and Learning after the Delphi rounds, are the union of standards in the parent fields of neuroscience, psychology, and education. Additionally, the Delphi expert panel agreed upon the goals of the new discipline, its history, the thought leaders, and a model for judging quality information. The study culminated in a new model of the academic discipline of Mind, Brain, and Education science, which explains the tenets, principles and instructional guidelines supported by the meta-analysis of the literature and the Delphi response.
Ana Maria Calil
Full Text Available Trata-se de um artigo reflexivo acerca da necessidade de introdução da disciplina de oncologia nas Escolas de Graduação em Enfermagem em nosso meio. Tem como objetivos pensar a disciplina de oncologia no currículo de graduação em enfermagem, pontuando aspectos relevantes de sua inserção, considerando a capacitação e qualificação profissional, a necessidade do mercado de trabalho, o perfil epidemiológico brasileiro e uma formação reflexiva e crítica acerca das competências profissionais do enfermeiro. Pontua-se também o papel do desenvolvimento tecnológico contribuindo nessa formação e educação de novos profissionais de saúde.Tratamos de un artículo reflexivo sobre la necesidad de introducción de la disciplina de oncologia en las Escuelas de Graduación en Enfermería de nuestro medio. Tiene como objetivos pensar en la disciplina en el currículo de graduación en enfermería, puntuando aspectos importantes de su inserción. Para tanto, considera la capacitación y calificación profesional, la necesidad del mercado de trabajo, el perfil epidemiológico brasileño y una formación reflexiva y crítica sobre las competencias profesionales del enfermero. También es puntuado el papel del desarrollo tecnológico contribuyendo en esa formación y educación de nuevos profesionales de la salud.The aim of the present study was to think the Oncology Course in the baccalaureate nursing curriculum pointing relevant issues about its introduction, considering professional training and qualification, labor market demand and a critical reflection about nurse's professional competences. Score is also the role of technology in helping training and education of new health professionals.
Full Text Available RESUMO No atual contexto de transformações no campo da assistência à saúde mental no Brasil, a Universidade tem a responsabilidade de redirecionar a qualificação profissional da força de trabalho em saúde. Este artigo versa sobre a experiência de um Programa de Integração Docente-Assistencial envolvendo a Secretaria de Estado de Saúde e a Universidade de São Paulo. Particulariza a experiência de estudantes de enfermagem cursando a disciplina de enfermagem psiquiátrica. A análise da avaliação dos alunos do programa teórico-prático desenvolvido na unidade, ancorado nos pressupostos da Reabilitação Psicossocial indica, ao mesmo tempo, que o modelo de atenção interfere diretamente na qualificação das práticas e, simultaneamente, desenvolve nos alunos atitudes e conhecimentos que os qualificam para desempenhar de forma coerente suas funções.ABSTRACT In the context of recent changes that are taking place in the field of mental health care in Brazil, the University has the responsibility to redimensioning human, resources qualification of mental health workers: At the Mental Health Care and Educational Program of the University of São Paulo and São Paulo Health Office (São Paulo/Brazil, an experience still in course, the nursing students attending to psychiatric nurse training evaluated that theoretical practical education, dealing with health care issues in the field of Psychosocial Rehabilitation purpose, at the same time that directly interferes in the qualification of practices, simultaneously develops the students attitudes and knowledge that qualify them to perform coherent practices in accordance with rehabilitation models of care.
Sônia, Barros; Ana Luisa Aranha e, Silva; Ana Cristina Delgado, Lopérgolo; Ana Maria Fernandes, Pitta.
Full Text Available RESUMO No atual contexto de transformações no campo da assistência à saúde mental no Brasil, a Universidade tem a responsabilidade de redirecionar a qualificação profissional da força de trabalho em saúde. Este artigo versa sobre a experiência de um Programa de Integração Docente-Assistencial envolv [...] endo a Secretaria de Estado de Saúde e a Universidade de São Paulo. Particulariza a experiência de estudantes de enfermagem cursando a disciplina de enfermagem psiquiátrica. A análise da avaliação dos alunos do programa teórico-prático desenvolvido na unidade, ancorado nos pressupostos da Reabilitação Psicossocial indica, ao mesmo tempo, que o modelo de atenção interfere diretamente na qualificação das práticas e, simultaneamente, desenvolve nos alunos atitudes e conhecimentos que os qualificam para desempenhar de forma coerente suas funções. Abstract in english ABSTRACT In the context of recent changes that are taking place in the field of mental health care in Brazil, the University has the responsibility to redimensioning human, resources qualification of mental health workers: At the Mental Health Care and Educational Program of the University of São Pa [...] ulo and São Paulo Health Office (São Paulo/Brazil), an experience still in course, the nursing students attending to psychiatric nurse training evaluated that theoretical practical education, dealing with health care issues in the field of Psychosocial Rehabilitation purpose, at the same time that directly interferes in the qualification of practices, simultaneously develops the students attitudes and knowledge that qualify them to perform coherent practices in accordance with rehabilitation models of care.
Ana Maria, Calil; Cláudia, Prado.
Full Text Available Trata-se de um artigo reflexivo acerca da necessidade de introdução da disciplina de oncologia nas Escolas de Graduação em Enfermagem em nosso meio. Tem como objetivos pensar a disciplina de oncologia no currículo de graduação em enfermagem, pontuando aspectos relevantes de sua inserção, considerand [...] o a capacitação e qualificação profissional, a necessidade do mercado de trabalho, o perfil epidemiológico brasileiro e uma formação reflexiva e crítica acerca das competências profissionais do enfermeiro. Pontua-se também o papel do desenvolvimento tecnológico contribuindo nessa formação e educação de novos profissionais de saúde. Abstract in spanish Tratamos de un artículo reflexivo sobre la necesidad de introducción de la disciplina de oncologia en las Escuelas de Graduación en Enfermería de nuestro medio. Tiene como objetivos pensar en la disciplina en el currículo de graduación en enfermería, puntuando aspectos importantes de su inserción. P [...] ara tanto, considera la capacitación y calificación profesional, la necesidad del mercado de trabajo, el perfil epidemiológico brasileño y una formación reflexiva y crítica sobre las competencias profesionales del enfermero. También es puntuado el papel del desarrollo tecnológico contribuyendo en esa formación y educación de nuevos profesionales de la salud. Abstract in english The aim of the present study was to think the Oncology Course in the baccalaureate nursing curriculum pointing relevant issues about its introduction, considering professional training and qualification, labor market demand and a critical reflection about nurse's professional competences. Score is a [...] lso the role of technology in helping training and education of new health professionals.
Ana Maria, Calil; Cláudia, Prado.
Full Text Available Trata-se de um artigo reflexivo acerca da necessidade de introdução da disciplina de oncologia nas Escolas de Graduação em Enfermagem em nosso meio. Tem como objetivos pensar a disciplina de oncologia no currículo de graduação em enfermagem, pontuando aspectos relevantes de sua inserção, considerand [...] o a capacitação e qualificação profissional, a necessidade do mercado de trabalho, o perfil epidemiológico brasileiro e uma formação reflexiva e crítica acerca das competências profissionais do enfermeiro. Pontua-se também o papel do desenvolvimento tecnológico contribuindo nessa formação e educação de novos profissionais de saúde. Abstract in spanish Tratamos de un artículo reflexivo sobre la necesidad de introducción de la disciplina de oncologia en las Escuelas de Graduación en Enfermería de nuestro medio. Tiene como objetivos pensar en la disciplina en el currículo de graduación en enfermería, puntuando aspectos importantes de su inserción. P [...] ara tanto, considera la capacitación y calificación profesional, la necesidad del mercado de trabajo, el perfil epidemiológico brasileño y una formación reflexiva y crítica sobre las competencias profesionales del enfermero. También es puntuado el papel del desarrollo tecnológico contribuyendo en esa formación y educación de nuevos profesionales de la salud. Abstract in english The aim of the present study was to think the Oncology Course in the baccalaureate nursing curriculum pointing relevant issues about its introduction, considering professional training and qualification, labor market demand and a critical reflection about nurse's professional competences. Score is a [...] lso the role of technology in helping training and education of new health professionals.