Sample records for teachers librarians parents

  1. The Librarian's Guide to Cyberspace for Parents and Kids (United States)

    At its recent annual national conference, the American Library Association (ALA) introduced The Librarian's Guide to Cyberspace for Parents and Kids, a modest but helpful guide for parents and their children who are relatively new to the Internet. The site is geared mostly towards helping parents find the best web resources for their children. It provides parents with definitions of common Internet terms, safety tips, and guidelines for selecting quality sites. The ALA gives parents a head start in this last category with a list of fifty fun and useful links that everyone in the family can enjoy.

  2. Up Front: A Letter to Teachers and Librarians. (United States)

    Peck, Richard


    Argues that teachers, librarians, and writers for the young are part of a proud tradition when they invite young people to come of age with books in their hands, books that offer community, friends, elders, honest aid and comfort, questions to ponder, mirrors that reflect the reader's face, and doorways that open to a wider place. (SR)

  3. Parent-Teacher-Student Involvement (United States)

    Morrison, Donald


    Excerpts from a discussion between teachers, parents, and students on the subject of parent, teacher, and student responsibility in ensuring a good education for students and their envolvement in educational decision making. (RB)

  4. ??????????????????????? The Elementary Teacher Librarian Collaborating with Teachers Designing Integrated Information Literacy Instruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Ching Chen


    Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????,?????????????????????,?????????????????????????????????,???????????????????????????????,????????????????????????????????,?????????????????????????????????:(??????????????????????,????????????????????????????;(???????????????????????????????????????????????,?????????;(??????????????????????????????;(???????????????????????,???????; (???????????????????????,????????????,????????????????????,????????The purpose of this research was to solve the problems occurring when elemen- tary teacher librarians and teachers collaboratively design integrated infor- mation literacy instruction. The collaborative action research was used as a framework in this study. The researchers, a teacher librarian, and three teach- ers worked together to implement four action plans, which lasted for one and a half years. During the research process, the methods of collecting data in- cluded observation, interviews, document collection, and survey. The research results showed the following possible strategies for improving the collaboration between the teacher librarians and teachers: 1. In the stage of collaborative initiation, the teacher librarian and teachers should actively invite each other, or join school research projects to start designing the integrated curriculum; 2. In the stage of collaborative planning, they should start to plan the detailed in- structional contents for the coming semester during summer or winter breaks, and the instructional schedule should be flexible; 3. In the stage of collabora- tive implementation, they should co-teach and allocate dedicated time for dis- cussion and reflection; 4. In the stage of collaborative evaluation, they should develop both of evaluation methods and rubrics, and assess students together; 5. In the stage of collaborative reflection, the teacher librarian should invite teachers to examine the curriculum comprehensively when it is finished, and in an ideal situation, they can collect all the documents into a portfolio for a ref- erence in the future.

  5. Teacher (School Librarian) Evaluations: 40% or Bust (United States)

    McConnell, Ana


    "Guidelines for Uniform Performance Standards and Evaluation Criteria for Teachers" was approved by the Virginia Department of Education on April 28, 2011. This document, effective July 1, 2012, details new guidelines for evaluating teacher performance in the state of Virginia. These guidelines have gained the attention of every educator…

  6. The Development of Teacher and Teacher-Librarian Collaboration Scale and the Examination Structures of Collaboration Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hai-Hon Chen


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was twofold. The first purpose was to construct the Collaboration Scale for primary and secondary school teacher and teacher-librarian of Taiwan. Teachers and teacher-librarians were selected from five municipals in the south of Taiwan. Fifty-nine teacher-librarians, 76 teachers and 2 principals from 60 primary and secondary schools participated in this study for the testing of scale quality. Results indicated as follows: 1. The Collaboration Scale consisted of 22 items, divided into three factors, which were integrated instruction, teacher-librarian as resource, and traditional role of teacher-librarian. 2. The Collaboration Scale had reasonable coefficient of internal consistency reliability and content validity. 3. Exploratory factor analysis showed that The Collaboration Scale had acceptable construct validity. Three factors explained variance 60.23%and had high correlations of the Collaboration Scale separately. The second purpose was to examine the facets of teacher and teacher-librarians collaboration. Results indicated that teacher and teacher-librarians had low-end collaboration, most of the cooperation existed in teacher-librarians provided materials or resources for the teachers; high-end collaboration, integrated instruction appear to be less prevalent among participants in this study.

  7. Make Parent-Teacher Conferences Better. (United States)

    Brown, Lisbeth; Jalongo, Mary Renck


    This article discusses ideal roles for both parents and teachers in parent-teacher conferences. Parents should use a team approach, prepare questions for the teacher, and listen to what the teacher has to say. Teachers should prepare students for the conference, create a welcoming environment for parents, and plan a general outline for the…

  8. The Effect of Professional Development on Teacher and Librarian Collaboration: Preliminary Findings Using a Revised Instrument, TLC-III (United States)

    Montiel-Overall, Patricia; Hernandez, Anthony C. R.


    This study describes preliminary results of a study with elementary school teachers and librarians. Professional-development intervention workshops were conducted to improve teacher and school librarian collaboration to integrate library and subject content. A revised 24-item teacher and school librarian collaboration instrument (TLC-III) was used…

  9. Dragonfly TV: Parents & Teachers (United States)

    From PBS, this Dragonfly TV website offers a collection of activities and resources aimed at getting kids psyched about science. A wide variety of site offerings include: matching games featuring animal tracks, and types of fruit; riddles about things like wart removal, cow-derived electricity, and weighing whales; video clips about bugs, and archaeology; and experiment ideas involving a fish mummy, an egg in a bottle, and breathing leaves. The Dragonfly website also hosts a number of message boards for kids. For teachers and parents, the site supplies a range of downloadable, inquiry-based activities in the following subject areas: Body and Brain; Living Things; Earth and Space; Matter and Motion; and Technology and Invention. The site also offers downloadable issues of _My Science Journal_, a magazine from Dragonfly.

  10. Training the Resourcers - Librarians, Teacher-Training and Telematics in the European Context. (United States)

    Pye, Jo; Myhill, Martin

    This paper describes the Telematics for Teacher Training Project (T3) Work Package 08, which aims to evaluate, assess, and produce course materials to respond to the information needs of librarians supporting teacher trainers and trainees in higher education institutions across Europe. The increasing use of educational technology to deliver more…

  11. Preparing Teachers and Librarians to Collaborate to Teach 21st Century Skills: Views of LIS and Education Faculty (United States)

    Latham, Don; Gross, Melissa; Witte, Shelbie


    This article discusses the results of an exploratory research project in which library and information studies (LIS) faculty and education faculty were asked about their views on teaching pre-service school librarians and teachers 21st Century Skills (as defined by the Partnership for 21st Century Skills) and librarian-teacher collaboration.…

  12. An Accountability Checklist for Parents and Teachers (United States)

    Galbraith, Ronald E.


    Recommends that parents and teachers cooperate to provide educational experiences for young people and to bring about changes in educational practice, educational finance, and educational opportunity. (DB)

  13. Library/Study Skills Instruction in Hawaii's Schools: A Guide for Teachers and Librarians. (United States)

    Hawaii State Dept. of Education, Honolulu. Office of Instructional Services.

    Intended for both librarians and teachers in grades K through 12, this guide presents a framework and some of the strategies and tools needed to build toward a systematic and meaningful library/study skills program for Hawaii's schools. The guide is organized around basic elements of an instructional development model (IDM). Chapters cover…

  14. Keeping Your Ear to the Ground: Top School Librarians Are Constantly Alert for Ways To Team Up with Teachers. (United States)

    Paglin, Catherine


    Research has linked strong school library programs to academic achievement. In Oregon's Tigard-Tualatin School District, one school librarian collaborates on curriculum units with teachers, weaving instruction on information literacy and research skills throughout the curriculum. In Portland (Oregon), another librarian designs ways for students to…

  15. Approaches to Building Teacher-Parent Cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franc Cankar


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to explore the areas of cooperation inwhich parent and teacher expectations were the same and where they differed. Data were obtained from a sample of 55 randomly selected primary schools. We analyzed school-to home communications, parentalinfluence on school decisions, and parent involvement in different school activities. At the same time, we also explored building cooperation among the teachers, students, and their parents, within the framework of the program ‘Reading and Conversation’. The findings indicated that the third- and ninth- grade lead teachers were mostly in agreement about the importance of parent involvement and as such represented a fairly homogenous group. The third-grade lead teachers were more open about actual involvement of parents in instruction than their ninth-grade colleagues, who were more cautious and restrained. In contrast to the lead teachers who represented a relatively narrow professional group, parents’ views were much more diverse. Parental education was the best predictor of their readiness to become involved in the life and work of their children’s school. Whether the area in which the families lived was urban or suburban did not make any difference. The evaluation of the one-year ‘Reading and Conversation’ programme revealed increases in parents’motivation to collaborate with the school as a consequence of the program’s approach to work, as well as improvement in mutual relationships and dialogue.

  16. Teachers and Librarians Collaborate! Teaching about Hispanic Culture (United States)

    Codispoti, Margit; Hickey, M. Gail


    Social studies instruction benefits from collaboration between classroom teachers and library media specialists who together can identify the best trade books to meet the goals of the social studies curriculum. Many lists of effective collaboration strategies have been published, but there are few descriptive examples of successful…

  17. How about Parent-Teacher-Student-Conferences? (United States)

    Ricci, Barry J.


    A Rhode Island elementary school decided to include students in their parent-teacher conferences. The idea was to increase student responsibility for learning and improve student achievement. Revamped portfolios that focused on the quality of student work provided the key to success. (MLH)

  18. Engaging Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students in the School Library: A Handbook for Teacher-Librarians (United States)

    Eisner, Nadene


    Over seventy percent of students who are deaf or hard of hearing will attend a public school and enroll in a classroom with their hearing peers or in a self-contained classroom with other deaf and hard of hearing students. Teacher-librarians who work in these schools can improve their instruction by understanding not only what it means to be…

  19. Academic Librarians Have Concerns about Their Role as Teachers. A Review of: Walter, Scott. “Librarians as Teachers: A Qualitative Inquiry into Professional Identity.” College and Research Libraries 69.1 (2008: 51-71.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Wilson


    Full Text Available Objective – This study explores how academic librarians are introduced to teaching, the degree to which they think of themselves as teachers, the ways in which being a teacher has become a significant feature of their professional identity, and the factors that may influence academic librarians to adopt a “teacher identity.” Design – A literature review extended by qualitative semi-structured interviews.Setting – The research took place at an American university with the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching designation of “Doctoral/Research — Extensive.”Subjects – Six academic librarians.Methods – The main feature of the article is an extensive literature review around the themes of LIS, teaching, and qualitative research methodologies. The literature review is supplemented by qualitative research consisting of semi-structured interviews of between 45 and 90 minutes each, which were conducted during spring2004 with six librarians (five women and one man, whose length of professional service ranged from 2 to 32 years. All of the participants worked at the same institution. The data collected were reviewed throughout the process using field memos and a research log. The data were analyzed using a coding process where discrete ideas that emerged from the data were used to identify a small number of themes. The initial conclusions in the study were validated through member checking during the writing phase. “Member checking involves sharing draft study findings with the participants, to inquire whether their viewpoints were faithfully interpreted, whether there are gross errors of fact, and whether the account makes sense to participants with different perspectives”(Centre for Health Evidence.Main Results – Five themes around teaching and teacher identity as they pertain to academic librarians emerged from thedata. The first theme was the centrality of teaching. Each participant sought out a position where the teaching role was valued.The role of teacher spilled over into the other roles of the librarian, i.e., reference service, collection development, etc. Thenext theme was the importance of collegial and administrative support, which is critical to the ability to focus on work as a teacher. The stress of multiple demands emerged as a theme, as time dedicated to teaching was often at the expense of something else. Another theme was the problems with professional education around teaching. Instruction course offerings in library schools were reported to be meagre, and some were badly planned and executed. The fifth theme involved stereotypes and misperceptions. Studies have shown that the academic library profession has been poorly understood by students and faculty. Study participants believed that many of their campus colleagues were either unaware of what they did, or were misinformed by popular culture stereotypes of librarians.Conclusions – The small sample size precluded the making of any definite conclusions based on the study results. Other limitations of the study include the relatively short amount of time spent in the interview process and the narrow range of librarians chosen to participate. The author notes that a subject pool more representative of academic librarians’ full range of opinions regarding the importance of teaching as a professional responsibility would have resulted in more complex themes emerging. While the author is aware of the study’s limitations, he feels there is value in the qualitative research design, in giving voice to individual librarians, and in the provision of insight into some of the research questions found in the literature of learning to teach and of teacher identity. Given the limitations, Walter makes three conclusions about his findings. He points out the lack of a formal introduction to teaching in many library programs which has been explored by other studies and concludes that his study “suggests that continuing lack of attention to this issue results in a difficult introduction into the profession for n

  20. Strengthening Public Schools: The Parent-Teacher Connection. Teaching Strategies. (United States)

    Sumpter, David; Loyd, Susan


    Describes some origins of teachers' negative perceptions of parents and lack of parents' involvement in their children's education. Asserts that an effective partnership between parents and schools requires an understanding of the history of, need for, and barriers to parental involvement. Proposes solutions to barriers inhibiting parent

  1. Computerized Report Card Comment Menus: Teacher Use and Teacher Parent Perceptions. (United States)

    Friedman, Stephen J.; Valde, Gregory A.; Obermeyer, B. J.


    Examines how teachers use computerized comment menus on report cards and what teachers and parents think of the process, An analysis of report cards for 475 Wisconsin middle-school students shows teachers used comments most of the time. Only 52% of students received two comments. Most comments were positive. Parents and teachers found the practice…

  2. Parent-teacher agreement on children's problems in 21 societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rescorla, Leslie A; Bochicchio, Lauren


    Parent-teacher cross-informant agreement, although usually modest, may provide important clinical information. Using data for 27,962 children from 21 societies, we asked the following: (a) Do parents report more problems than teachers, and does this vary by society, age, gender, or type of problem? (b) Does parent-teacher agreement vary across different problem scales or across societies? (c) How well do parents and teachers in different societies agree on problem item ratings? (d) How much do parent-teacher dyads in different societies vary in within-dyad agreement on problem items? (e) How well do parents and teachers in 21 societies agree on whether the child's problem level exceeds a deviance threshold? We used five methods to test agreement for Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Teacher's Report Form (TRF) ratings. CBCL scores were higher than TRF scores on most scales, but the informant differences varied in magnitude across the societies studied. Cross-informant correlations for problem scale scores varied moderately across societies studied and were significantly higher for Externalizing than Internalizing problems. Parents and teachers tended to rate the same items as low, medium, or high, but within-dyad item agreement varied widely in every society studied. In all societies studied, both parental noncorroboration of teacher-reported deviance and teacher noncorroboration of parent-reported deviance were common. Our findings underscore the importance of obtaining information from parents and teachers when evaluating and treating children, highlight the need to use multiple methods of quantifying cross-informant agreement, and provide comprehensive baselines for patterns of parent-teacher agreement across 21 societies.

  3. Learning about the Endangered Librarian (United States)

    Bromley, Karen


    This article describes interviews with 40 elementary school librarians conducted by pre-service and in-service teachers. The purpose of the interviews was for education students to understand the responsibilities of the librarian, how the librarian might support them as teachers, and the future of the position in today's schools. Results suggest…

  4. Librarian-Teacher Partnerships for Inquiry Learning: Measures of Effectiveness for a Practice-Based Model of Professional Development


    Joyce Yukawa; Harada, Violet H.


    Objective – This study analyzed the effects of a practice-based model of professional development on the teaching and collaborative practices of 9 teams of librarians and teachers, who created and implemented units of inquiry-focused study with K-12 students during a yearlong course. The authors describe how the collection and analysis of evidence guided the development team in the formative and summative evaluations of the outcomes of the professional development, as well as the long-term ...

  5. Exploring Parental Aggression toward Teachers in a Public School Setting (United States)

    May, David C.; Johnson, Jerry; Chen, Yanfen; Hutchinson, Lisa; Ricketts, Melissa


    Almost all of the extant research examining aggressive activity uses data from student populations. In this study, we extend that literature by examining teacher perceptions of parental aggression in public schools in Kentucky. Using data from a sample of 5,971 public school teachers, we determine that parental aggression directed at public school…

  6. Perceptions of Teachers' and Parents' regarding School Readiness (United States)

    Zhang, Xiangkui; Sun, Lei; Gai, Xiaosong


    In order to investigate the teachers and parents' perceptions of school readiness, 218 parents and 370 teachers were surveyed. Based on the areas of "physical well-being and motor development", "social and emotional development", "approaches to learning", "language use", "cognition and general knowledge" and "family", the study attempts to examine…

  7. Parents' Involvement in School: Attitudes of Teachers and School Counselors (United States)

    Dor, Asnat


    This qualitative study compares the attitudes of teachers and school counselors toward parents' involvement in school. The method and procedure is: A semi-structured interview (four open questions on informing parents about school, the child, strengths, and challenges) was conducted with 12 Israeli elementary-school teachers and 11 Israeli…

  8. Examining How Preservice Science Teachers Navigate Simulated Parent-Teacher Conversations on Evolution and Intelligent Design (United States)

    Dotger, Sharon; Dotger, Benjamin H.; Tillotson, John


    Discussing the teaching of evolution with concerned parents is a challenge to any science teacher. Using the medical education pedagogy of standardized individuals within the field of teacher education, this article addresses how preservice science teachers elected to verbally interact with standardized parents who questioned the teaching of…

  9. Meetings without Dialogue: A Study of ESL Parent-Teacher Interactions at Secondary School Parents' Nights (United States)

    Guo, Yan


    Research in home-school communication has incorporated little, to date, about participation by English as a second language (ESL) parents. This article examines the communication processes between recent Chinese immigrant parents and Canadian teachers at secondary school Parents' Nights. Drawing from observations of three annual Parents' Nights,…

  10. Handle with Care. The Difficult Parent-Teacher Conference. (United States)

    Rose, Mary C.


    Presents suggestions to help teachers work with parents during conferences. Before the conference, they should document difficulties, communicate concerns, solicit support, and test out tactics. At the conference, they should welcome parents, take notes, weigh all words, allow for anger, seek parents' suggestions, have responses ready, and partner…

  11. Parents as Research Mentors. (United States)

    Harada, Violet H.; Yoshina, Joan


    Discusses how an elementary school in Honolulu, Hawaii, used parent volunteers as assistants in the research mentoring process. The objectives were to: provide students with additional support in research assignments, involve parents with students and the library and provide teachers and librarians with valuable assistance. Highlights include…

  12. Parents and Teachers Working Together To Support Third Grade Achievement: Parents as Learning Partners (PLP) Findings. (United States)

    Quigley, Denise D.

    On the assumption that students are more successful if their parents participate at school and encourage education and learning at home, the Los Angeles Metropolitan Project granted funds to 29 Los Angeles schools for the Parents as Learning Partners (PLP) Project. This initiative focuses on three primary areas in which parents and teachers can…

  13. Teachers' Attitudes toward Parents' Involvement in School: Comparing Teachers in the USA and Israel (United States)

    Dor, Asnat; Rucker-Naidu, T. Brooke


    The purpose of this study is a qualitative comparison of Israeli and U.S. teachers' views and attitudes toward parents' involvement in school. Fifty-six elementary school and secondary school teachers in Israel and in the state of Maryland, USA were asked to define parents' involvement, their feelings towards it, and its challenges and strengths.…

  14. Parents' and Teachers' Implicit Theories of Children's Creativity. (United States)

    Runco, Mark A.; And Others


    Reports two studies that used social validation methods to collect parents' and teachers' implicit theories of indicative and contraindicative aspects of children's creativity. Compared those theories with theories reported in previous research. Tested a revised version of the Parental Evaluation of Children's Creativity that samples both…

  15. Preschoolers' psychosocial problems: in the eyes of the beholder? Adding teacher characteristics as determinants of discrepant parent-teacher reports. (United States)

    Berg-Nielsen, Turid Suzanne; Solheim, Elisabet; Belsky, Jay; Wichstrom, Lars


    In this study, we explored informant characteristics as determinants of parent-teacher disagreement on preschoolers' psychosocial problems. Teacher characteristics were included in the analyses, in addition to child and parent factors. Psychosocial problems of 732 4-year olds from a Norwegian community sample were assessed by parents and teachers (CBCL-TRF). Furthermore, teachers reported on their education, experience and relationship to the child. Parental stress and psychopathology were also measured. Teachers rated children considerably lower than their parents did, especially on internalizing problems. When teachers rated more child problems, this was strongly associated with conflict in the teacher-child relationship, which predicted disagreement more than other factors. The highest agreement was on boys' externalizing problems. Girls' behavior was rated much lower by teachers than boys' behavior compared to parents' ratings. Possible teacher perception biases are discussed, such as teacher-child conflict, non-identification of internalizing problems, and same-gender child preference. PMID:22080387

  16. Preschoolers’ Psychosocial Problems: In the Eyes of the Beholder? Adding Teacher Characteristics as Determinants of Discrepant Parent–Teacher Reports


    Berg-nielsen, Turid Suzanne; Solheim, Elisabet; Belsky, Jay; Wichstrom, Lars


    In this study, we explored informant characteristics as determinants of parent–teacher disagreement on preschoolers’ psychosocial problems. Teacher characteristics were included in the analyses, in addition to child and parent factors. Psychosocial problems of 732 4-year olds from a Norwegian community sample were assessed by parents and teachers (CBCL-TRF). Furthermore, teachers reported on their education, experience and relationship to the child. Parental stress and psychopathology wer...

  17. The Note of Discord: Examining Educational Perspectives between Teachers and Korean Parents in the U. S. (United States)

    Kwon, Kyee Yum; Suh, Younjung; Bang, Yoo-Seon; Jung, Jeesun; Moon, Seungho


    This study examined and compared the educational perspectives of Korean parents of elementary school students and their teachers. 430 parents and 143 teachers in the New York metropolitan area participated in the survey and 16 teachers, administrators, and parents were interviewed. The findings indicated that the teachers not only misunderstood…

  18. Teacher self-efficacy in instruction and in parent involvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Gavora


    Full Text Available The study investigated self-efficacy of a sample of Slovak primary schoolteachers in two areas: area of instruction and area of parent involvement. Twoinstruments were used: the 16-item Slovak version of Teacher Efficacy Scale ofGibson and Dembo, and ZdUR, a 24-item scale to measure self-efficacy of teacherin parents’ involvement, developed by authors of the present study. The correlation between scores of personal teaching efficacy dimension of TES and ZdUR was 0.58 and between general teaching efficacy of TES and ZdUR was only 0.01. Teachers inthis sample had better scores in all dimensions of ZdUR than those of TES, with theexception of engaging parents in school activities. Scores of four teachers in TES andZdUR were analysed to document the possibility of making the individual profiles ofteacher self-efficacy.

  19. Cooperation Between Migrant Parents and Teachers in School: A Resource?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Lea


    Full Text Available Even smaller Western countries receive immigrants from remote areas with poorer living conditions. As stated in the U.N. Child Convention, immigrant children should be given equal opportunities in education. Parents are always interested in their children’s future, and education may gain from stronger cooperation between school and parents. Some research shows that even illiterate parents may support their children’s training in a second language (Cummins, 1986/2001, p. 665. Dialogues between teachers and parents promote mutual understanding and increase parents’ knowledge of school and society. This might make the parents trust society more, enhance their acculturation and reduce future intergenerational conflicts (Portes & Rumbaut, 2001. A professional teacher needs cultural knowledge and understanding in order to give her/his students an education adapted to their needs. Migrant students especially should feel that there is coherence in their education, because cultural conflicts sap their energy and may also cause identity problems and lead to lack of motivation. For teachers it is important that education policy provides for equal opportunities. Norway has an inclusive policy concerning immigrant children. The students have language support to a certain degree both in their mother tongue and in Norwegian when needed. Parents and schools are obliged to cooperate in education, and some support is therefore given to translation. Cooperation is required by conferences and meetings. There are gains for all parties in cooperation between school and migrant parents, but it is difficult to develop mutual cultural understanding for all students and equal opportunities for migrant students. This requires a clear school policy, the means to implement it, and teacher competence. It takes a process to learn how to cooperate and give adequate support. The Norwegian policy shows a will to cooperation, but the implementation of the policy can still be improved.

  20. A Parent's Perspective: Teacher, Heal Thyself. (United States)

    McGough, Kris


    Discusses increase in mental health activities such as peer counseling, transactional analysis, and Magic Circle. Describes law which requires parental consent before students become involved in such activities. (KC)

  1. A sociological study of parent-teacher relations in public secondary schools in Pakistan


    Ahmad, Syed Munir


    This qualitative study explores parent-teacher relations in public secondary schools in Pakistan in order to understand the interaction and communication between parents and teachers. The study is guided by Bourdieu’s conceptual and analytical tools of capital, habitus and field and uses these to disentangle the underlying structures and practices of parents and teachers. The thesis argues that the relations and practices of parents and teachers are not inert entities; rather they are dynam...

  2. Teacher, Parent and Student Perceptions of the Motives of Cyberbullies (United States)

    Compton, Louise; Campbell, Marilyn A.; Mergler, Amanda


    Understanding the motivation of students who cyberbully is important for both prevention and intervention efforts for this insidious form of bullying. This qualitative exploratory study used focus groups to examine the views of teachers, parents and students as to the motivation of students who cyberbully and who bully in other traditional forms.…

  3. Obesity Prevention in Early Adolescence: Student, Parent, and Teacher Views (United States)

    Power, Thomas G.; Bindler, Ruth C.; Goetz, Summer; Daratha, Kenneth B.


    Background: Obesity is a significant health problem among today's youth; however, most school-based prevention programs in this area have had limited success. Focus groups were conducted with seventh- to eighth-grade students, parents, and teachers to provide insight into the development of a comprehensive program for the prevention of adolescent…

  4. Korean Parental Beliefs about ELT from the Perspective of Teachers (United States)

    Linse, Caroline


    In South Korea, as in many other parts of the world, children begin learning English when they are very young. Korean parents want their children to learn English as quickly as possible and often make heavy financial and other investments in their children's English language education. English language teachers of school-age learners in Korea…

  5. Censorship: A Guide for Teachers, Librarians, and Others Concerned with Intellectual Freedom. (United States)

    Stanek, Lou Willett

    The material in this guide includes instructions on how to lobby against censorship; discussions of two handbooks for students and teachers; a suggestion for a written policy statement to be used in dealing with potential censors; the National Council of Teachers of English form, "Citizen's Request for Reconsideration of a Work"; a plan for…

  6. Parents’ and Teachers’ Opinions about the School Food Policy in Belgian Flemish Nursery Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Wittebroodt


    Full Text Available The partnership of parents, teachers, and schools is necessary to develop effective school food interventions. To gather parents’ and teachers’ opinions and perceptions about the school food policy, 884 parents and 70 teachers of preschoolers completed a questionnaire. School food policy is an issue of importance for parents and teachers: the majority agrees that schools should restrict the availability of snacks and soft drinks; however, to replace fruit juice and sugared milk drinks with sugarless alternatives will take special effort. Fruit is not always available at school, although parents would appreciate it. Parents of lower educational level are in general more permissive.

  7. The Parenting for Prevention Information Series: For Parents, Teachers, and Other Caregivers. (United States)

    Johnson Inst., Minneapolis, MN.

    Intended for parents, teachers, and other caregivers, this set of guide booklets presents simple and effective skills for communicating with children and adolescents on a variety of child-rearing and life-safety issues including sexuality and drug abuse. The 23 booklets are:(1) "How To Set Guidelines for Teenage Parties"; (2) "What To Teach Kids…

  8. Dig: The Archeology Magazine for Kids, Parents, and Teachers (United States)

    Dig magazine is published by Cobblestone Publishing Company, a division of the Cricket Magazine Group, in cooperation with the Archaeological Institute of America. "Dig brings the excitement, mystery, wonder, and fun of archaeology, paleontology, and earth sciences to children 8 - 13 years old in a style that both entertains and educates its young readers." The Parents and Teachers Web site contains several free teacher's guides, online quizzes, activities and games, other archeological resources, and more. Although the magazine is not fully available for free online, the other resources provided on the site make it worth utilizing.

  9. Public Relations for the School Librarian. (United States)

    Boardman, Edna M.; And Others


    Includes seven articles that deal with public relations (PR) for school librarians. Highlights include image problems librarians face and suggestions for promoting more positive images; PR plans that focus on the past, present, and future; nontraditional ways that librarians can attract students and teachers; publicity techniques; and media center…

  10. Does a successful teacher educate like a good parent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ševkuši?-Mandi? Slavica G.


    Full Text Available Starting from the assumption on the importance of influence that school and family exert on child development, the paper analyzes the effects of parental treatments on child social behavior. Empirical evidence proves that parents who contribute to the fullest extent to their children’s successful adaptation to school conditions, possess a specific style of communication with their children: they consistently support just behavior standards encourage a two-way communication, respect child’s opinions, are highly expectant of child’s responsible and mature behavior and care about his physical and emotional well-being. However, there is relatively lesser empirical evidence of teacher contributions to child successful adaptation to school conditions. The findings of more recent studies on the problem indicate that adaptation of younger age children significantly correlates with the quality of relations established with teacher, characterized by warmness, conflict absence and frank communication. The possibility of solving the problems children encounter is found in cooperation of school and family. A child generalizes his experience of family interpersonal relations onto relations he will find himself in throughout his life. In addition to family, the classes where cooperative relations intensively develop are a favorable base for socio-emotional development. Democratic and cooperative climate contribute to stronger ties between students. Joint activities of teachers, parents and peers, in and out of the class, are of crucial importance for student optimal socio-emotional development.

  11. Teachers and parents as a source of stereotype formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ?eri? Ivana


    Full Text Available Teachers and parents play an important role in developing and maintaining stereotype beliefs in children and youth, and therefore this paper discusses their role and importance for the development and manifestations of stereotypes in children. Authors' intention is to introduce the readers to the developmental prerequisites of stereotype formation in children and youth, to point out to the ways in which adults exert influence on children's understanding of stereotypes and to discover how stereotypes mediate in the interaction between teachers and parents. Studies imply that the development of stereotype beliefs in children is conditioned by developmental changes on the cognitive level and that the first indications of stereotypes occur in the third, that is, fourth year of life. The first sources of stereotype formation are parents, who, as a model for socialization, promote the social and cultural norms and express certain behavioral patterns which are then "imprinted" in the repertoire of child's behavior. Teachers present an important source of stereotypes, whether we are talking about their roles in carrying over the pattern of the dominant culture or we are dealing with the stereotypical perception of the pupils of different categories (such as, for example, ethnic background, gender. This paper also points out to the categories of pupils that are more sensitive to stereotypes in educational context.

  12. Congruence in Parent-Teacher Relationships: The Role of Shared Perceptions (United States)

    Minke, Kathleen M.; Sheridan, Susan M.; Moorman Kim, Elizabeth; Ryoo, Ji Hoon; Koziol, Natalie A.


    Parental engagement is an important avenue for supporting student achievement. Positive relationships between parents and teachers are increasingly recognized as vital in this process. Most studies consider parents' and teachers' perceptions separately, and it is unknown whether shared perceptions of relationship quality matter with…

  13. Perceived Parenting Styles and Goal Orientations: A Study of Teacher Education Students in Hong Kong (United States)

    Chan, Kwok-wai; Chan, Siu-mui


    Two achievement goals and three perceived parenting styles were identified in a sample of Hong Kong teacher education students. Significant correlations exist within the perceived parenting styles and the achievement goals. Parental authoritativeness was significantly and positively related to learning goal, and parental authoritarianism was…

  14. The Effects of Parental Involvement, Trust in Parents, Trust in Students and Pupil Control Ideology on Conflict Management Strategies of Early Childhood Teachers (United States)

    Karakus, Mehmet; Savas, Ahmet Cezmi


    In this study it was aimed to determine the effects of parental involvement, teachers' trust in parents and students, and teachers' pupil control ideology on the conflict management strategies used by teachers in classroom management. Data were collected from a sample of 254 teachers through paper and pencil questionnaires. Data were analyzed with…

  15. Primary School Teachers’ Perception of Their Qualification for Cooperating with Parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šrot Kristina


    Full Text Available The article presents a survey on teachers’ qualification for collaborating with parents of primary school children aged between 6 and 12. We investigated the most common difficulties that teachers face in communicating with parents and the way they tackle them. We differentiated the responses obtained according to the teachers’ years of service and the school environment they teach in. The teachers claimed that during their undergraduate studies, they had not received satisfactory training on how to communicate with parents. They believe they are not professionally qualified and they lack a wide array of competences which would facilitate their cooperation with parents. Some of the teachers’ observations are as follows: parents are generally willing to constructively exchange opinions about their children; some of them tend to overestimate their children’s abilities or are unequipped with skills on how to handle their child. One third of teacher respondents noted that they had experienced elements of aggressive behaviour in communicating with some parents. This is why we have introduced some guidelines which might help improve certain situations. In a learning society, teachers’ competences have been changing, becoming more complex and requiring teacher’s permanent professional advancement and adoption of modern educational trends. At the same time, we realise that communication is a twoway interdependent process. Along with the competences of a teacher, we must therefore also consider the competences of parents and their contribution to quality cooperation and effective communication.

  16. Musical Talent: Innate or Acquired? Perceptions of Students, Parents, and Teachers. (United States)

    Evans, Robert J.; Bickel, Robert; Pendarvis, Edwina D.


    A survey of 125 musically gifted adolescents, 123 parents, and 88 teachers found students believed their success was due to inborn ability and hard work, parents attributed their children's musical accomplishments to encouragement provided by family and friends, and teachers attributed students' musical development to innate talent, hard work, and…

  17. Temperament Ratings by Parents and Teachers of Infants, Toddlers, and Preschool Children. (United States)

    Field, Tiffany; Greenberg, Reena


    Temperament ratings of infants, toddlers, and preschool children were made by their parents and their all-day nursery school teachers to determine whether low parent-observer reliabilities previously reported may relate to differential experiences with children. Despite the teachers' extensive contact with these children, convergence coefficients…

  18. Teachers, Parents, and Student Motivation: The Effects of Involvement and Autonomy Support. (United States)

    Stiller, Jerome D.; Ryan, Richard M.

    Findings of a study that examined the relationship of students' perceptions of parents' and teachers' involvement and autonomy support to student motivation are presented in this paper. Based on a larger process model of academic achievement (Ryan and Stiller 1991), students' perceptions of parent and teacher autonomy support and involvement were…

  19. The Role of Parenting Styles and Teacher Interactional Styles in Children's Reading and Spelling Development (United States)

    Kiuru, Noona; Aunola, Kaisa; Torppa, Minna; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Niemi, Pekka; Viljaranta, Jaana; Lyyra, Anna-Liisa; Leskinen, Esko; Tolvanen, Asko; Nurmi, Jari-Erik


    This study examined the associations between parenting styles, teacher interactional styles, and children's reading and spelling skills. The sample consisted of 864 Finnish-speaking children and their parents (864 mothers, 864 fathers) and teachers ("N" = 123). Children's risk for reading disabilities and reader status were assessed in…

  20. What Will Teachers Do to Involve Parents in Education?: Using a Theory of Reasoned Action (United States)

    Pryor, Brandt W.; Pryor, Caroline R.


    Parents' involvement in their children's education is associated with a variety of benefits, including higher achievement, yet teachers are not uniformly supportive and encouraging. Teacher attitudes and beliefs about parental involvement are a predictive factor which schools, and preservice programs, could influence, yet little is known about how…

  1. Social Relationships and Motivation in Middle School: The Role of Parents, Teachers, and Peers. (United States)

    Wentzel, Kathryn R.


    The supportive relationships of 167 sixth graders with parents, teachers, and peers were examined in relation to motivation at school. Relations of perceived support from parents, teachers, and peers to student motivation differed depending on the source of support and motivational outcome. Peer support was a positive predictor of prosocial goal…

  2. How Teachers, Parents and Administrators Can Use Objectives and Feedback in Programs for Special Students. (United States)

    Markel, Geraldine; Greenbaum, Judith

    Described is a systems analysis approach focusing on the use of objectives and feedback for teachers, administrators, and parents working with exceptional children. Terms such as "objective", "student performance", and "feedback" are explained as they relate to the systems approach. It is noted that parents, teachers, and administrators can use…

  3. Mechanisms for Teacher Outreach to Parents in Charter and Traditional Public Schools (United States)

    Rose, Bess A.; Stein, Marc L.


    Parent involvement is greatly influenced by the extent to which schools and teachers reach out to parents. Charter schools may be uniquely situated vis-à-vis traditional public schools to create the school organization and policies that can encourage teachers to reach out more. The authors examined the extent to which organizational and…

  4. Teachers' Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Examining the Boundary between In-Role Behavior and Extra-Role Behavior from the Perspective of Teachers, Principals and Parents (United States)

    Belogolovsky, Elena; Somech, Anit


    This study examined how different stakeholders in school (principals, teachers, parents) conceptualize teachers' role breadth, i.e., whether they define given behaviors commonly assumed to be OCBs as in-role or extra-role behaviors. Drawing on a survey of 29 principals, 245 teachers and 345 parents, the results showed that principals and teachers

  5. Interrelationships between Parenting Styles and Teachers Involvement: From Children’s Emotion Regulation Competence Perspective


    Mei-Ju Chou; Yi-Chan Tu


    The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of different parenting styles and teachers’ strategies in classroom interaction for emotion regulation development in preschool children. The quantitative approach employed instruments to measure parenting style and emotion regulation scores. The qualitative approach involved classroom observations and interviews with the teachers. The data revealed to implement an authoritative parenting style. In addition, there is a significant differe...

  6. The Effect of Hidden Curriculum on the Criteria Parents Use to Select Schools and Teachers (United States)

    Sahan, Hasan Hüseyin


    A framework of school and teacher qualities has been established by research. The need to identify families' school and teacher selection criteria, in particular, is the main motive behind the present study. It mainly aims to identify the criteria parents use when selecting schools and teachers, or the influence of hidden curriculum on school…

  7. Primary Prevention Knowledge of Parents and Teachers of Nursery and Play Group on Childhood Sexual Abuse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nnenna Clara Okoroafor


    Full Text Available This research explored child sexual abuse (CSA, knowledge and prevention media among parents of pupils and teachers of nursery schools and playgroup. This research was conducted in qualitative mythology, through in-depth interviews (IDIs, and focus group discussions (FGD. In-depth interview held for 10 nursery school teachers and playgroup teachers. For children aged 0-5 years, FGD was conducted towards 10 parents of nursery School and 12 parents of playgroup. The study explored the following: parents’ and teachers’ knowledge on child sexual abuse prevention. The child sexual abuse prevention messages were provided to the children and topics they discussed and their attitudes towards child sexual abuse prevention education in school. The proposed primary prevention media strategies for parents were speech and posters as well as for nursery and playgroup teachers who understood the CSA impact. Research concluded that parents didn’t understand CSA concepts; media proposed for primary prevention are through dialogue and poster. Nursery, playgroup teachers and parents understood with poster media. Parents and teachers were encouraged to focus on the early prevention by building child sexual abuse knowledgeable community.  

  8. Opinions of Agricultural Teachers, School Administrators, Students and Parents Concerning Females as Agriculture Students, Teachers and Workers in Agriculture. (United States)

    Parmley, John D.; And Others

    A study examined the opinions of agriculture teachers, school administrators, students, and parents concerning females as agriculture students, teachers, and workers in agriculture. A survey instrument to collect respondent demographic data and a questionnaire to measure sex bias were completed by the following groups connected with Kansas…

  9. Teacher Knowledge and Dispositions towards Parents and Families: Rethinking Influences and Education of Early Childhood Pre-Service Teachers (United States)

    Pedro, Joan Y.; Miller, Regina; Bray, Paige


    Historically teachers' knowledge, attitudes and dispositions towards parental involvement have been considerably non-existent and negative. This trend is well documented in the research on parental involvement in education. In the twenty-first century, early childhood educators must possess the current requisite knowledge and skills to meet…

  10. The Role of Parent Governors in School Governance in Zimbabwe: Perceptions of School Heads, Teachers and Parent Governors (United States)

    Chikoko, Vitallis


    This paper reports on a study of the role of parent governors in five neighbouring rural primary schools in Zimbabwe. The study proposed that despite the presence of a legal decentralised school governance structure in which parents form the majority, they did not have the capacity to function effectively therein, and were still marginalised in school governance decision-making. Four areas of decision-making were investigated: school organisation; curriculum; employment and appraisal of teaching staff; and financial resources. Interviews were conducted with parent governors, school heads and teachers. Findings show that all the respondent groups perceived significant parental involvement in the area of school finances only. However, parents were perceived to lack the capacity to make decisions in all four areas. The study concludes that the role of parents in the running of schools in the country has not significantly grown from that of being school financiers and builders of infrastructure. Therefore, building school governance capacity among parents is necessary.

  11. Differential parent and teacher reports of school readiness in a disadvantaged community


    Doyle, Orla; Finnegan, Sarah; Mcnamara, Kelly


    Differential ratings by multiple informants are an important issue in survey design. Although much research has focused on differential reports of child behaviour, discrepancies between parent and teacher reports of children’s school readiness are less explored.

  12. Talking with Children: Tips for Caregivers, Parents, and Teachers during Infectious Disease Outbreaks (United States)

    ... Children: TIPS FOR CAREGIVERS, PARENTS, AND TEACHERS DURING INFECTIOUS DISEASE OUTBREAKS What You Should Know When children and youth watch news on TV about an infectious disease outbreak, read about it in the news, ...

  13. Peer victimization as reported by children, teachers, and parents in relation to children's health symptoms


    Mæhle Magne; Paulsen Bård; Lydersen Stian; Løhre Audhild; Vatten Lars J


    Abstract Background Victims of bullying in school may experience health problems later in life. We have assessed the prevalence of children's health symptoms according to whether peer victimization was reported by the children, by their teachers, or by their parents. Methods In a cross-sectional study of 419 children in grades 1-10 the frequency of peer victimization was reported by children, teachers and parents. Emotional and somatic symptoms (sadness, anxiety, stomach ache, and headache) w...

  14. Cultural identity and code-switching among immigrant Chinese students, parents and teachers


    Lo, Kwan Ngai Vivian


    Language may be used to communicate, learn, and express identity. Adopting Chinese schools as a focal point, this dissertation explored how Chinese-Canadians establish their cultural identity through code-switching. This dissertation was guided by four research questions: (1) How is the prevalence of code-switching among Chinese teachers, parents and students at home and school? (2) How do the teachers, parents and students perceive and compare the communicative, learning and identity-reflect...

  15. Los Pactos entre Padres y Maestros (Teacher-Parent Partnerships). ERIC Digest. (United States)

    Swick, Kevin J.

    Research provides insight into parent attributes that support partnerships with teachers. These attributes include warmth, sensitivity, nurturance, the ability to listen, consistency, positive self-image, personal competence, and effective interpersonal skills. Researchers have cited positive attitudes, continuous teacher training, involvement in…

  16. Korean-English Dual Language Immersion: Perspectives of Students, Parents and Teachers (United States)

    Lee, Jin Sook; Jeong, Eunsook


    This qualitative study examines the experiences of Korean-American students, parents and teachers in a newly instituted 50/50 Korean-English dual language immersion programme, where the majority of the students are of Korean descent. Based on home and school observations, as well as interviews with six Korean-American students and their parents

  17. Exploring Parents’ and Teachers’ Views of Primary Pupils’ Thinking Skills and Problem Solving Skills

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tang Keow Ngang


    Full Text Available This article is based on a descriptive study using survey method and focus group interviews. Thinking skills and problem solving skills are vital for pupils in their daily lives and facing their future challenges. Therefore, parents and teachers play an important role in nurturing these skills among pupils. The objective of the study is to explore parents’ and teachers’ views of pupils’ thinking skills and problem solving skills according to locations of the school (urban and rural. This study also explores parents’ and teachers’ suggestions to enhance pupils’ thinking skills and problem solving skills. The sample consists of 302 parents of the pupils and 104 teachers who are teaching Year 4, Year 5 and Year 6. The quantitative data for the research was collected using questionnaires which were developed by the researchers. Each set of questionnaire consists of 23 items. While the qualitative data was collected through the focus group interview method among parents and teachers to get their suggestions on how to enhance pupils’ thinking skills and problem solving skills. The findings show that the urban parents’ views of children’s thinking skills and problem solving skills is significantly higher than those from the rural. The results also indicate that there is no significant difference between the urban school teachers’ and the rural school teachers’ views of pupils’ thinking skills and problem solving skills. Findings from the focus group interviews show that most parents engage their children in hands on activities at home to enhance their thinking skills and problem solving skills. On the other hand, teachers encourage active participation of pupils in co-curricular activities to enhance pupils’ thinking skills and problem solving skills.

  18. Guia para padres y maestros de ninos bilingues (A Parents' and Teachers' Guide to Bilingualism). Parents' and Teachers' Guides Number 5. (United States)

    Ada, Alma Flor; Baker, Colin

    This book provides a practical introduction to questions about bilingualism. It is for parents and teachers who are themselves bilingual, for monolinguals who want to know more, for those with some intuitive understanding of bilingual situations and for those who are starting from the very beginning. The book poses questions that people often ask…

  19. Preschoolers assessed for autism: parent and teacher experiences of the diagnostic process. (United States)

    Andersson, Gunilla Westman; Miniscalco, Carmela; Gillberg, Christopher


    Many parents of young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have often been recommended to "wait and see" when they have first expressed concerns. This comparative, descriptive, partly longitudinal questionnaire study aimed to evaluate parent/preschool teacher experiences as regards time of first concern about the child and about the diagnostic process at a specialized Child Neuropsychiatry Clinic. Participants were parents and teachers of 34 preschool children with suspected ASD (26 boys, 8 girls, mean age 37 months) drawn from a general population cohort. Most of the parents, and the teachers, had their first concern about the child's development before the child's second birthday. Generally, they were satisfied with the diagnostic process and did not regret their participation in it. PMID:25194515

  20. More Research Needed on Librarian Teaching Anxiety. A Review of: Davis, Kaetrena D. “The Academic Librarian as Instructor: A Study of Teacher Anxiety.” College & Undergraduate Libraries 14.2 (2007):77?101.


    Schulte, Stephanie J.


    Objective – To identify the types of librarian teaching anxiety and the coping mechanisms that often accompany it and to compare those findings with those described by Showalter in “Teaching Literature”; also, to examine whether perceptions of librarians from both inside and outside the profession influence teaching anxiety.Design – A 35?item online questionnaire created using Zoomerang; a link to the questionnaire was distributed through the Information Literacy Instruction Listser...

  1. Using Theoretical Models to Examine the Acceptance Behavior of Mobile Phone Messaging to Enhance Parent-Teacher Interactions (United States)

    Ho, Li-Hsing; Hung, Chang-Liang; Chen, Hui-Chun


    Student academic performance and social competence are influenced positively by parent involvement; effective parent-teacher communication not builds parent reliance on a school, it enhances parent knowledge of raising children. As information technology develops rapidly, it is already a trend that e-communication is replacing traditional paper…

  2. Cooperation Between Migrant Parents and Teachers in School: A Resource?


    Martha Lea


    Even smaller Western countries receive immigrants from remote areas with poorer living conditions. As stated in the U.N. Child Convention, immigrant children should be given equal opportunities in education. Parents are always interested in their children’s future, and education may gain from stronger cooperation between school and parents. Some research shows that even illiterate parents may support their children’s training in a second language (Cummins, 1986/2001, p. 665). Dialogues be...

  3. Development, theoretical framework, and evaluation of a parent and teacher-delivered intervention on adolescent vaccination. (United States)

    Gargano, Lisa M; Herbert, Natasha L; Painter, Julia E; Sales, Jessica M; Vogt, Tara M; Morfaw, Christopher; Jones, LaDawna M; Murray, Dennis; DiClemente, Ralph J; Hughes, James M


    The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommended immunization schedule for adolescents includes three vaccines (tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis [Tdap]; human papillomavirus [HPV] vaccine; and meningococcal conjugate vaccine [MCV4]) and an annual influenza vaccination. Given the increasing number of recommended vaccines for adolescents and health and economic costs associated with nonvaccination, it is imperative that effective strategies for increasing vaccination rates among adolescents are developed. This article describes the development, theoretical framework, and initial first-year evaluation of an intervention designed to promote vaccine acceptance among a middle and high school-based sample of adolescents and their parents in eastern Georgia. Adolescents, parents, and teachers were active participants in the development of the intervention. The intervention, which consisted of a brochure for parents and a teacher-delivered curriculum for adolescents, was guided by constructs from the health belief model and theory of reasoned action. Evaluation results indicated that our intervention development methods were successful in creating a brochure that met cultural relevance and the literacy needs of parents. We also demonstrated an increase in student knowledge of and positive attitudes toward vaccines. To our knowledge, this study is the first to extensively engage middle and high school students, parents, and teachers in the design and implementation of key theory-based educational components of a school-based, teacher-delivered adolescent vaccination intervention. PMID:24440920

  4. More Research Needed on Librarian Teaching Anxiety. A Review of: Davis, Kaetrena D. “The Academic Librarian as Instructor: A Study of Teacher Anxiety.” College & Undergraduate Libraries 14.2 (2007:77?101.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie J. Schulte


    Full Text Available Objective – To identify the types of librarian teaching anxiety and the coping mechanisms that often accompany it and to compare those findings with those described by Showalter in “Teaching Literature”; also, to examine whether perceptions of librarians from both inside and outside the profession influence teaching anxiety.Design – A 35?item online questionnaire created using Zoomerang; a link to the questionnaire was distributed through the Information Literacy Instruction Listserv (ILI?L.Subjects – Subscribers to ILI?L. There were approximately 3,700 subscribers to ILI?L at the time of the study. This electronic mailing list is sponsored by the Instruction Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries and is moderated.Methods – As previously mentioned, a link to the questionnaire was distributed via the ILI?L. Requests for participation were sent to the list three times during the six weeks the survey was open for responses. The questionnaire consisted primarily of multiple choice questions, several with the option to enter a free text “Other” response, as well as four Likert?type questions. After the survey closed, the collected data was analyzed using SPSS. The article did not indicate when the survey was completed.Main Results – 687 responses were collected. Of those, 657 were completed. Surveys were assessed for accuracy, during which 305 responses were eliminated, resulting in 382 “viable” responses (84. Accuracy assessments consisted of throwing out surveys in which respondents answered questions inappropriately, however, an explanation of what constituted an inappropriate response is not included. Nearly three quarters of respondents (74% indicated they enjoyed teaching. This trend did not appear to be related to the number of years of experience as a librarian. The majority of respondents (58% had never taught full semester or quarter courses, whereas “virtually all” (86 had taught one?shot instructional sessions. Sixty?three percent of respondents noted being nervous prior to teaching. Although 40% of respondents noted having no physical symptoms of anxiety, of those who did, the main symptoms included sweating and upset stomach. Sixty?five percent of respondents noted experiencing mental or emotional symptoms, mainly identified as worries about being sufficiently prepared and answering tough questions (40% and fear of public speaking (27%. These mental and emotional symptoms were noted to occur often in the case of 29% of respondents, and at least some of the time in 41% of respondents. Nearly three quarters of the respondents reported using personal strategies for dealing with teaching anxiety, including over?preparation, joining groups where they were able to practice public speaking, and prayer. Most (84% did not have routines or rituals that they followed prior to teaching.Some additional findings were presented regarding librarians’ perceptions of themselves as well as perceptions of librarians by other faculty. Eighty?four percent of respondents agreed or somewhat agreed that there are many differences in the roles and duties of librarians and paraprofessionals, while 78% agreed or somewhat agreed that faculty do not understand the librarian’s teaching role. Thirty?five percent noted defending teaching roles to other librarians.Conclusion – The role of librarians in academic institutions continues to evolve and include more teaching. As an increasing number of librarians regularly teach and move to teaching semester?long credit courses, the subject of teaching anxiety will continue to grow in importance. This small study draws attention to the need for more research in this area.

  5. Parent and Teacher Perceptions of the Impact of School Nurse Interventions on Children's Self-Management of Diabetes (United States)

    Peery, Annette I.; Engelke, Martha Keehner; Swanson, Melvin S.


    Diabetes is a common chronic illness among school-age children. The school nurse collaborates with the student, parents, and teachers to help the child manage their diabetes effectively. Very little is known about the relationship between school nurse interventions and parent/teacher perceptions of the child's self-management. We examined this…

  6. Influences on the Congruence between Parents' and Teachers' Ratings of Young Children's Social Skills and Problem Behaviors (United States)

    Dinnebeil, Laurie A.; Sawyer, Brook E.; Logan, Jessica; Dynia, Jaclyn M.; Cancio, Edward; Justice, Laura M.


    A comprehensive research base exists concerning the congruence between parents' and teachers' ratings of the behavior of typically developing young children. However, little research has been conducted regarding the degree to which parents' and teachers' behavioral ratings of young children with disabilities are congruent. Additionally, previous…

  7. Congruence within the Parent-Teacher Relationship: Associations with Children's Functioning. CYFS Working Paper No. 2012-2 (United States)

    Kim, Elizabeth Moorman; Minke, Kathleen M.; Sheridan, Susan M.; Koziol, Natalie; Ryoo, Ji Hoon; Rispoli, Kristin M.


    Meaningful interactions between families and schools benefit multiple facets of children's functioning including their academic, social, and behavioral adjustment. Positive relationships between parents and teachers predict children's enhanced social-emotional functioning and academic adjustment across time. Studies of parent-teacher relationships…

  8. Math Achievement in Early Adolescence: The Role of Parental Involvement, Teachers' Behavior, and Students' Motivational Beliefs about Math (United States)

    Levpuscek, Melita Puklek; Zupancic, Maja


    Contributions of parental involvement in educational pursuits as well as math teachers' classroom behavior to students' motivation and performance in math were investigated. By the end of the first school term, 365 Slovene eighth graders reported on their parents' academic involvement (pressure, support, and help) and their math teachers' behavior…

  9. A longitudinal analysis of parent and teacher ratings of problem behavior in boys with and without developmental delays. (United States)

    Will, Meredith N; Wilson, Beverly J


    This study investigated parent and teacher ratings of behavior problems in children with and without intellectual disabilities at three time points over the course of 9 years. The group of children with intellectual disabilities (IDs) had higher behavior problem ratings than the group of children with no IDs (NIDs) across the three time points. Parents and teachers generally agreed on behavior, with the exception of attention problems and externalizing problems. The ratings of problem behavior remained stable over the three time points. Our findings imply that children with ID may be more likely to be perceived as having greater externalizing behaviors by teachers than by parents and that parents may perceive children as having greater attention problems than teachers. For the majority of the subscales, the lack of differences between parent and teacher ratings over time implies relative stability of ratings over a 9-year period from young childhood through adolescence for individuals with and without ID. PMID:24698956


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahim Md. Sail


    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study is to understand the perception of the image and pride of working in the technical and vocational fields from the perspective of parents and teachers in secondary schools. This study was conducted in two zones, namely North (Kedah and central zone (Selangor. Two schools were chosen from each zone, one from the city (Kajang and the other one from rural (Dengkil, which are sufficient to obtain the views of parents and teachers. Purposive sampling was selected for the focus group discussions in schools with the participation of PTA members, i.e., parents, teachers, career counselors teachers. The results showed that there were two main themes, namely, positive and negative image of technical education and vocational training among parents and teachers. However, the negative image remained resilient among parents and teachers, especially in deciding on career paths in technical and vocational fields. The researcher also identified several new issues, for example, wastage of manpower in the country, among them due to the weak prerequisite set in selecting students in technical and vocational education system; Students who do not meet the Malay Language (Bahasa Melayu prerequisite are unable to continue studying skills at higher certificate level. Students of Islamic studies and Arabic Language, students with academic excellence and girls who are interested in technical education and vocational training should be considered as a highly skilled workforce in the future. Some implications of this study were presented as suggestion in formulating policies to improve the image of technical education and vocational training.

  11. Behavioral phenotype in children with 22q11DS: Agreement between parents and teachers. (United States)

    Klaassen, Petra W J; Duijff, Sasja N; Sinnema, Gerben; Beemer, Frits A; Swanenburg de Veye, Henriëtte F N; Vorstman, Jacob A S


    Patients with the 22q11-deletion syndrome (22q11DS) are at an increased risk of developing schizophrenia. Besides the effects of genetic variation, environmental factors could also be important in modifying the risk of schizophrenia in 22q11DS patients. In particular, previous studies have shown the importance of stress as a precipitating factor of psychosis. An incongruence between the perceived and actual severity of behavioral and cognitive domains could lead caregivers, and even the children themselves, to make demands that are insufficiently adapted to the child's abilities, causing stress and anxiety. Here, we investigate whether such diagnostic discrepancies are indeed present by comparing parent and teacher reports on behavioral concerns in children with 22q11DS. Behavioral questionnaires (CBCL and TRF) were prepared for both parents and teachers of 146 children with 22q11DS. We found that in line with previous reports, internalizing behavior was more frequently reported than externalizing behavior. While the behavioral profiles reported by parents and teachers were remarkably similar, the teachers' ratings were significantly lower (Total problem score p = .002). Age and IQ were not significantly associated with the severity of reported concerns. Our results indicate that indeed a disparity often exists between parents' and teachers' perceptions of the severity of a child's behavioral deficits. This may result in (substantially) different demands and expectations being placed on the child from the two fronts. We speculate that the stress resulting from this lack of cohesion between parents and teachers could precipitate, at least in some 22q11DS children, the emergence of psychosis. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25436664

  12. Bullying Amongst Parents and Teachers at an American International School: Informing School Development and Policy

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    Paul James


    Full Text Available This paper has sought to explore the everyday experiences of parent-teacher bullying within a purposefully selected American International school.The paper utilises a qualitative approach targeting an American International school using a small semi-structured questionnaire creating a focused element of context and flexibility. 12 parents were randomly chosen from 35 that were available and willing to share their needs and experiences and the interview method was used as the data-collecting vehicle. This paper addresses issues raised from parent’s experiences of bullying.The 3 developed research questions were mapped to 6 major themes, and were supported by 13 sub-themes. The presented qualitative data outcomes highlight the various experiences, perspectives and challenges that parent’s perceive they face.The impact of this research suggests that the perceived complexities of dealing with bullying between parents and teachers may be mitigated with appropriate training and specialist guidance leading to the application of 8 outcomes..

  13. Voices of Children, Parents and Teachers: How Children Cope with Stress during School Transition (United States)

    Wong, Mun


    This study explores how children's perceptions of stress factors and coping strategies are constructed over time. Children were interviewed before and after they made the transition from preschool to primary school. This study also explores teachers' and parental strategies in helping children to cope with stress at school. The sample…

  14. Team Sports, Gymnastics, and Dance in Community Settings. A Guide for Teachers, Coaches, and Parents. (United States)

    Sullivan, Patricia A., Ed.

    This book is designed to enhance understanding of what is important for parents, coaches, and teachers to know when making choices about non-school-based programs for children. The book begins with "Preface" (Patricia A. Sullivan" and "Introduction" (Liane M. Summerfield.) The first section, "Team Sports" (Danny R. Mielke), which applies to a…

  15. Establishing Friendships in Early Childhood Inclusive Settings: What Roles Do Parents and Teachers Play? (United States)

    Hollingsworth, Heidi L.; Buysse, Virginia


    Adult support of 12 specific friendship dyads involving 3- to 5-year-old children with and without developmental delays was investigated through semi-structured interviews with the children's parents and teachers. Most respondents described these friendships as harmonious and important for the emotional benefits that these relationships provided…

  16. Assessing Toddler Language Competence: Agreement of Parents' and Preschool Teachers' Assessments (United States)

    Marjanovic-Umek, Ljubica; Fekonja, Urska; Podlesek, Anja; Kranjc, Simona


    According to the findings of several studies, parents' assessments of their toddler's language are valid and reliable evaluations of children's language competence, especially at early development stages. This study examined whether preschool teachers, who spend a relatively great deal of time with toddlers in various preschool activities and…

  17. Do Parents and Teachers Agree? What "Should" Young Children Be Learning? (United States)

    Olmsted, Patricia P.; Lockhard, Shannon

    A study compared how parents and teachers in the United States, Hong Kong, Nigeria, and Poland ranked in order of importance a list of 8 skills categories for 4-year-olds to learn in preschool. The categories were language skills, motor/physical skills, pre-academic skills, self-assessment skills, self-expression skills, social skills with adults,…

  18. Hong Kong Teacher Education Students' Goal Orientations and Their Relationship to Perceived Parenting Styles (United States)

    Chan, Kwok-Wai; Chan, Siu-Mui


    The study examined goal orientations, perceived parenting styles, and their relationships in a sample of Hong Kong teacher education students. It was found that students adopted both learning and performance goals but tended to be more performance goal-oriented. Females were more performance goal-oriented than males. As well, students perceived…

  19. Informal Writing Assessment Linked to Instruction: A Continuous Process for Teachers, Students, and Parents (United States)

    Romeo, Lynn


    This article presents a comprehensive model of daily, classroom informal writing assessment that is constantly linked to instruction and the characteristics of proficient writers. Methods for promoting teacher, student, and parent collaboration and their roles in dialoguing, conferencing, and reflection are discussed. Strategies for including…

  20. South Asian Parents' Aspirations versus Teachers' Expectations in the United Kingdom (United States)

    Crozier, Gill


    This article explores teacher expectations of second-generation UK South Asian students (of Bangladeshi and Pakistani heritage) and their views of the parents as lacking high aspirations for their children. A range of misguided perceptions and stereotypical views are discussed and challenged. The author argues that these views are largely based on…

  1. The Effects of a Family Math Night on Preservice Teachers' Perceptions of Parental Involvement (United States)

    Jacobbe, Tim; Ross, Dorene D.; Hensberry, Karina K. R.


    This study examined the impact of a Family Math Night on preservice teachers' perceptions of low-income parents and their engagement in their children's education. Participants were enrolled in an elementary mathematics methods course; one section served as the treatment group. Participants were required to aid in the planning and implementation…

  2. Pathways of influence in school-based mentoring: the mediating role of parent and teacher relationships. (United States)

    Chan, Christian S; Rhodes, Jean E; Howard, Waylon J; Lowe, Sarah R; Schwartz, Sarah E O; Herrera, Carla


    This study explores the pathways through which school-based mentoring relationships are associated with improvements in elementary and high school students' socio-emotional, academic, and behavioral outcomes. Participants in the study (N=526) were part of a national evaluation of the Big Brothers Big Sisters school-based mentoring programs, all of whom had been randomly assigned to receive mentoring at their schools over the course of one academic year. Students were assessed at the beginning and end of the school year. The results of structural equation modeling showed that mentoring relationship quality, as measured by the Youth-Centered Relationship scale and the Youth's Emotional Engagement scale, was significantly associated with positive changes in youths' relationships with parents and teachers, as measured by subscales of the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment, the Teacher Relationship Quality scale, and the Hemingway Measure of Adolescent Connectedness. Higher quality relationships with parents and teachers, in turn, were significantly associated with better youth outcomes, including self-esteem, academic attitudes, prosocial behaviors, and misconduct. The effect sizes of the associations ranged from 0.12 to 0.52. Mediation analysis found that mentoring relationship quality was indirectly associated with some of the outcomes through its association with improved parent and teacher relationships. Implications of the findings for theory and research are discussed. PMID:23375177

  3. The Beliefs of Students, Parents and Teachers about Internal Factors of Academic Achievement

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    Helena Smrtnik Vituli?


    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper was to determine the beliefs of students, teachers and parents about the internal factors of academic achievement and to verify whether their beliefs vary. In this paper the beliefs about the internal factors of academic achievement: personality traits, intellectual ability, language competence, interest in the subject and locus of control are thematised. The sample included 516 students from grades 5, 7 and 9 of 12 different basic schools in central Slovenia, 408 of their parents and 195 teachers. Amongst the broad range of personality traits in the survey questionnaire, parents selected openness and conscientiousness as the most important traits for academic success, while students selected openness and extroversion, and teachers selected agreeableness and emotional stability. In the opinion of the participants in the research, amongst other internal factors of academic success emphasised, those that have the greatest influence on academic achievement are interest in the subject and internal locus of control, while students’ intellectual ability and language competence are attributed slightly less importance. Beliefs regarding the individual factors of academic achievement vary between the groups of participants. In the future, it would be sensible to encourage students, teachers and parents to reflect on the meaning of the individual factors of academic achievement, and especially to speak with them about the factors on which each respective group can exert an influence in order to improve students’ academic achievement.

  4. Agreement among Adolescents, Parents, and Teachers on Adolescent Personality (United States)

    Laidra, Kaia; Allik, Juri; Harro, Maarike; Merenakk, Liis; Harro, Jaanus


    Agreement between adolescents, mothers, fathers, and teachers on adolescents' personality traits was investigated in a longitudinal study. The targets for personality ratings were the adolescents who participated in the European Youth Heart Study in Estonia. There were 593 participants in the first wave and 480 participants in the follow-up study…

  5. The Role of Student-Teacher Ratio in Parents' Perceptions of Schools' Engagement Efforts (United States)

    Rodriguez, Raymond J.; Elbaum, Batya


    Research suggests a positive relationship between schools' efforts to engage parents and parents' involvement in their child's education. The authors investigated school socioeconomic status, school size, grade level, and student-teacher ratio as predictors of schools' efforts to engage parents of students receiving special…


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    Juniu Susana


    Full Text Available Abstract:Parent-teacher communication is crucial to children’s education. The literature reveals that parents’ involvement in their children’s education improves outcomes in areas such as learning, attendance, behavior, and graduation rates. Increased and meaningful communication between home and school is likely to enhance parent involvement and may consequently support students’ learning. Schools are using various forms of technology to increase school/home communication, including voice mail, e-mail, school and classroom websites, and web access to individual student information such as attendance, grades, and student portfolios; however, this use is not consistent or widespread. This paper examines the most prevalent parent-teacher communication in a K-12 educational setting and explores various communication options to improve parent-teacher communication. The focus is to examine the communication needs between teacher and parents and the benefits of combining traditional synchronous and asynchronous communication with newer communication technologies to meet these needs.Resumen:La comunicación entre padres y maestros es crucial para la educación de los niños. La literatura revela que la participación de los padres en la educación de sus hijos mejora los resultados en áreas como el aprendizaje, asistencia, conducta, y en las tasas de graduación. Una comunicación efectiva entre la familia y la escuela aumenta la participación de los padres en la educación de sus niños y consecuentemente mejora el aprendizaje de los estudiantes. Las instituciones educativas están utilizando diversas formas de tecnología para incrementar la comunicación familia-escuela, entre ellas están el buzón de voz, el correo electrónico, páginas Web de las escuelas con acceso a la información personal de cada estudiante (asistencia, calificaciones, y actividades escolares. No obstante, este uso no es consistente o masivo. Este ensayo examina las necesidades de comunicación entre los maestros y los padres y los beneficios de combinar comunicación tradicional, sincrónica (tiempo real y asincrónica (con retraso, utilizando nuevas tecnologías de comunicación para satisfacer estas necesidades.

  7. Ecologies of parental engagement and preservice teacher education in science. The design, development, and implementation of a multimedia case-based environment: "PARENTS" (United States)

    Roushias, Christakis


    This study discusses the design, development, and implementation of the PARENTS multimedia case-based environment, which was developed as a response to the challenging lack of research studies that address parental engagement in (science) education, in high poverty urban areas, in relation to the preservice teacher education in science. Its main purpose is to help preservice science teachers explore and reflect on the themes of parental engagement in those settings. The design process of PARENTS relied upon two frameworks: (a) development research and (b) constructivist case-based environments, from which a design conceptual framework was derived, consisted of a set of six interrelated principles: (1) Authenticity, (2) Interpretation and Argumentation Construction, (3) Multiple Perspectives, (4) Rich, Multi-modal, Non-Linear Information Resources, (5) Scaffolding and Support, and (6) Multimedia Case-Based Learning and Instruction. The first implementation of PARENTS occurred in a preservice science teacher education course and it addressed two research questions: (a) how are preservice science teachers' beliefs and ideas about parental engagement in high poverty urban school settings crafted, mediated, or expressed within a graduate course that draws upon the PARENTS environment? (b) what are the design features and/or content parts of PARENTS that enable or enhance student's thinking about parental engagement in high poverty urban school settings? The exploratory and descriptive character of the study directed us towards the use qualitative methods of data collection and analysis (embedded case study). The data analysis revealed three emerging cross-cutting themes in the evolvement of the preservice teachers' beliefs around parental engagement: (a) less deficit model thinking, (b) shared responsibility for participation, and (c) redefining and co-authoring a new space of science education for parental engagement. Also, the analysis of the user-interface interaction and the users' feedback revealed comments and suggestions in three areas: (1) the system navigation, familiarity and technical difficulties, (2) the key dimensions of the PARENTS multimedia design, and (3) the integration of PARENTS into a teacher education course. The conclusions, implications and future directions are discussed in regard to the two major fields interweaved in PARENTS and this research study: (a) the design and implementation of multimedia case-based learning environments, and (b) the research area of preservice (science) teacher education and parental engagement.

  8. ????????——???“??”?“??”? Do Parents have to Play a Teacher’s Role?—Debate on “Cultivation” and “Education” of School-Age Children

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    Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????“??”???????????????????????????????????Many people often misunderstood the original meaning of the old saying: “Parents are their children’s first teachers”. In striving to be good parents, they also pick up books trying to be teachers of their children. In this article, the authors take a case of Mr. Liu as a starting point to analyze this phenomenon and make a point of view: if parents strive to play a dual role might lead to adverse consequences. This might throw light on parents how to play better roles in children’s growing.

  9. Reliable ratings or reading tea leaves: can parent, teacher, and clinician behavioral ratings of preschoolers predict ADHD at age six? (United States)

    O'Neill, Sarah; Schneiderman, Robyn L; Rajendran, Khushmand; Marks, David J; Halperin, Jeffrey M


    To assess the relative ability of parent, teacher, and clinician behavioral ratings of preschoolers to predict ADHD severity and diagnosis at 6 years of age. Hyperactive/inattentive preschoolers [N?=?104, 75 % boys, Mean (SD) age?=?4.37 (0.47) years] were followed over 2 years (mean?=?26.44 months, SD?=?5.66). At baseline (BL), parents and teachers completed the ADHD-RS-IV and clinicians completed the Behavioral Rating Inventory for Children following a psychological testing session. At age 6, [Mean (SD) age?=?6.62 (0.35) years], parents were interviewed with the K-SADS-PL; teachers completed the ADHD-RS-IV; and laboratory measures of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention were obtained from children. Hierarchical logistic and linear regression analyses examined which combination of BL ratings best predicted 6-year-old ADHD diagnosis and severity, respectively. At age 6, 56 (53.8 %) children met DSM-IV criteria for a diagnosis of ADHD. BL ratings from parent/teacher/clinician, parent/teacher and parent/clinician combinations significantly predicted children who had an ADHD diagnosis at age 6. Parent and clinician, but not teacher, behavior ratings were significant independent predictors of ADHD diagnosis and severity at 6-years-old. However, only clinician reports of preschoolers' behaviors predicted laboratory measures of over-activity and inattention at follow-up. Cross-situationality is important for a diagnosis of ADHD during the preschool years. Among parents, teachers and clinicians, positive endorsements from all three informants, parent/teacher or parent/clinician appear to have prognostic value. Clinicians' ratings of preschoolers' inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity are valid sources of information for predicting ADHD diagnosis and severity over time. PMID:24085388

  10. An Improved "Form of Our Own": A 21st Century Approach to School Librarian Evaluation (United States)

    Owen, Patricia L.


    School librarians need evaluation forms that fit their unique roles and responsibilities and acknowledge both the similarities and differences between classroom teachers and school librarians. The incorporation of American Association of School Librarians' (AASL's) "Empowering Learners: Guidelines for School Library Programs"--a resource that sets…

  11. The role of parenting stress in discrepancies between parent and teacher ratings of behavior problems in young children with autism spectrum disorder. (United States)

    Reed, Phil; Osborne, Lisa A


    The study assessed whether teacher and parent ratings of child behavior problems were similar for children with autism spectrum disorders. Two informants rated child behaviors in the same home environment, and the degree to which parenting stress impacted the similarity of the ratings was assessed. Overall behavior problem ratings did not differ between groups, but there was poor correspondence between the ratings for individual children, stress did not impact markedly on the discrepancies. Parent-teacher discrepancies in behavior ratings cannot be attributed entirely to differences in the assessment-environment, and there was little evidence of widespread impacts of parenting stress on these discrepant ratings. It was suggested that attention is needed in terms of the teacher characteristics when explaining such results. PMID:22767139

  12. Detection of high ability children by teachers and parents: Psychometric quality of new rating checklists for the assessment of intellectual, creative and social ability

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    Full Text Available In the present study we devised scales for teachers’ and parents’ estimation of intellectual, creative and social abilities of fourth grade elementary school pupils. Their scores were related to psychometrically determined ability scores. Ninety-three school pupils in the age range between 9.3 and 11.2 years, as well as their parents and teachers took part. The new rating checklists proved as sufficiently reliable (particularly the teachers’ version. Analyses of validity showed a high correspondence in parents’ and teachers’ estimations of cognitive intelligence, but much lower correspondence for creativity and social ability. Correlating teachers’ and parents’ estimates with the respective psychometric tests shows that teachers and parents were better at identifying intellectual (highability than detecting creative and social abilities. With the exception of social (highability, where girls were usually regarded as highly socially gifted by their parents, there were no differences in parents’ and teachers’ estimations of boys and girls.

  13. [Differences in behavior evaluation of normally intelligent children with school difficulties by parents and teacher]. (United States)

    Vehreschild, T; von Suchodoletz, W; Gierow, W


    The behaviour of normally intelligent children experiencing difficulties in reading and writing and with poor concentration was assessed by means of the Meyer-Probst questionnaire which was answered by the mothers, fathers and teachers. The results were compared with those for a parallel control group composed of normal children. The assessments given by parents and teachers were in good agreement in the case of the control group, but those given by the different persons involved differed in education and upbringing regarding certain psychological aspects in the case of the children with poor performance at school. PMID:6657806

  14. More than teacher directed or child initiated: Preschool curriculum type, parent involvement, and children's outcomes in the child-parent centers.

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    Elizabeth Graue


    Full Text Available This study investigated the contributions of curriculum approach and parent involvement to the short- and long-term effects of preschool participation in the Title I Chicago Child-Parent Centers. Data came from the complete cohort of 989 low-income children (93% African American in the Chicago Longitudinal Study, who attended preschool in the 20 Child-Parent Centers in 1983-1985 and kindergarten in 1985-1986. We found that implementation of an instructional approach rated high by Head Teachers in teacher-directed and child-initiated activities was most consistently associated with children’s outcomes, including school readiness at kindergarten entry, reading achievement in third and eighth grades, and avoidance of grade retention. Parent involvement in school activities, as rated by teachers and by parents, was independently associated with child outcomes from school readiness at kindergarten entry to eighth grade reading achievement and grade retention above and beyond the influence of curriculum approach. Findings indicate that instructional approaches that blend a teacher-directed focus with child-initiated activities and parental school involvement are origins of the long-term effects of participation in the Child-Parent Centers.

  15. Parents, Teachers and Community Relations in Promoting Learning in the Secondary School System in Nigeria

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    Jessica Ezekiel-Hart


    Full Text Available Schooling, a relatively recent invention which emerged as society became more complex, has become the major agent of education worldwide. Being that schools do not exist in a vacuum, they alone cannot successfully perform this function. Because schools emanate from communities, the latter must exercise ownership by being both the determiners and determinants of education. This paper therefore presents how a relationship can be formed among the principal stakeholders – parents, teachers and community to foster quality in education, a situation in which the student is the immediate beneficiary and the society the ultimate beneficiary. If teacher/school treats parent/community as powerless or unimportant, the latter will be discouraged from taking interest in school thus promoting the development of attitudes which inhibit achievement among students. Conversely schools that synergistically work with these stakeholders do better in all areas.

  16. Agreement between parents and teachers on preschool children's behavior in a clinical sample with externalizing behavioral problems. (United States)

    Korsch, Franziska; Petermann, Franz


    An accurate interpretation of information obtained from multiple assessors is indispensible when complex diagnoses of behavioral problems in children need to be confirmed. The present study examined the similarity of parents and kindergarten teachers ratings on children's behavior in a sample of 160 preschool children (a clinical group including 80 children with externalizing behavioral problems and a matched control group including 80 children). Behavioral problems were assessed using the SDQ, and the DISYPS-II questionnaires for ADHD and conduct disorders. The results revealed low levels of parent-teacher agreement for their ratings on the children's behavior in both groups with the highest correlations in the non-clinical sample. Parent-teacher agreement did not differ significantly across the samples. Parent and teacher ratings correlated with the prevalence of externalizing disorders and were found to be almost independent of each other. The results highlight the importance of multiple informants and their independent influence within the diagnostic process. PMID:24363143

  17. The role of parents, friends, and teachers in adolescents? tobacco habits



    Abstract Objective: To assess the influence of parental, friends’, and teachers’ smoking and tombak dipping on cigarette smoking and tombak dipping by school-going Sudanese adolescents. Design: A school-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2005-2006. Logistic regression was used for the analysis. Subjects: 4277 Sudanese school-going adolescents (aged 11-17 years) from 23 schools who completed an anonymous self-administered questionnaire on the use of tobacco pro...

  18. Retention of Hispanic/Latino students in first grade: Child, parent, teacher, school, and peer predictors


    Willson, Victor L.; Hughes, Jan N.


    A sample of 283 Hispanic children with literacy performance at entrance to first grade below the median for their school district was studied as part of a larger research project on the predictors of grade retention in grade 1. Following retention decisions, 51 Hispanic students were retained in first grade. Low literacy skills, being young at entrance to first grade, low ego resilience, low support in the teacher–student relationship, and parents’ low sense of responsibility for their ch...

  19. The Beliefs of Students, Parents and Teachers about Internal Factors of Academic Achievement


    Helena Smrtnik Vituli?; Irena Lesar


    The main purpose of this paper was to determine the beliefs of students, teachers and parents about the internal factors of academic achievement and to verify whether their beliefs vary. In this paper the beliefs about the internal factors of academic achievement: personality traits, intellectual ability, language competence, interest in the subject and locus of control are thematised. The sample included 516 students from grades 5, 7 and 9 of 12 different basic schools in central Slovenia, 4...

  20. Elementary School Students’ Reading Environments from Teachers’, Parents’, and Students’ Perspectives

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    Seyit Ate?


    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to describe reading environments of elementary school students when taken account of students’, parents’, and classroom teachers’ views. This research also gave some recommendations on what elementary school students’ reading environments should be in the light of literature. For this aim, the data was collected from classroom teachers, parents, and students studying in fourth-grade and fifth-grade by semi-structured questionnaire forms. The descriptive analysis was carried out to analyze the data obtained from the participants. The results of this research revealed that teachers and parents could not become models to support students’ readings. Instead, they orally directed children about their readings. This research also showed that the activities for reading done at homes and at schools do not improve children’s positive motivation toward reading. In addition, the children stated that they would love to get involved in reading activities since these enjoyable activities can increase their interests in reading.© 2012 IOJES. All rights reserved

  1. Reconstructing Parents’ Meetings in Primary Schools: The Teacher as Expert, the Parent as Advocate and the Pupil as Self-Advocate

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    Gillian Inglis


    Full Text Available The efficacy of parents’ meetings in primary schools in the UK is anarea in need of research. This article uses an approach informed by grounded theory to explore the experiences and satisfaction of parents, teachers and pupils regarding bi-annual meetings to discuss pupil progress. A two-phase approach was utilised, with diary-interviews with parents and teachers and group pupil interviews in Phase 1, followed by a parents’ questionnaire in Phase 2 derived from Phase 1 data. The findings from a doctoral study provide an overall more positive depiction of these meetings compared to existing research in the secondary sector. A model of the teacher as the expert and information-giver persists, but a consumerist ideology appears evident as parents seek to participate and advocate on behalf of their child. As parents become more proactive and teachers act to retain their professional authority, the interaction of the professional and advocate has excluded the perspective of the child. This leaves pupils in search of self-advocacy at meetings in which they are the object of discussion, but cannot be present. While pupils generally favour involvement, adults express a protectionist perspective on pupil exclusion with exceptional factors indicated as being the age of the child and the content of the meeting.

  2. Los padres como maestros de los ninos. Los padres como recursos para los maestros. Serie E: [E1] logro de la participacion de los padres. cuadernos 1 y 2. Edicion para el maestro. Cuadernos para el entrenamiento de maestros de educacion bilingue. (Parents as Their Children's Teachers. Parents as Resources for Teachers. Series E: Parent Participation, Book 1 and 2. Teacher Edition. Bilingual Education Teacher Training Packets). (United States)

    Lazos, Hector, Comp.

    This guide on training bilingual education teachers focuses on parent participation in school activities. The guide addresses three groups of people: paraprofessionals and non-graduate students, bilingual teachers, and graduate students. Two units are presented, one dealing with the important influence parents have on their child's language…

  3. The role of parent, teacher, and peer events in maintaining depressive symptoms during early adolescence. (United States)

    Herres, Joanna; Kobak, Roger


    Negative interpersonal events have been consistently identified as both antecedents and sequalae of adolescent depressive symptoms. However, little is known about the relative contributions of specific domains of interpersonal events (parents, peers or teachers) to the maintenance of depressive symptoms during early adolescence or whether a lack of positive interpersonal interactions plays a direct role in maintaining depressive symptoms. Further, few studies have examined whether positive interpersonal events moderate associations between negative events and adolescents' depressive symptoms. This study combined stress generation and exposure models to evaluate the contribution of daily events to the maintenance of depressive symptoms in a sample of 132 adolescents (53 % female) followed from ages 13 to 15. Daily phone diaries collected at age 14 assessed adolescents' negative and positive interactions with parents, teachers, and peers in a sample of adolescents from economically disadvantaged families. Negative peer events uniquely accounted for the maintenance of depressive symptoms over the 2 years period. Results did not differ by gender; however, positive parent events buffered the effects of negative parent events for females but not for males. Findings highlight the significance of peer relationships during a period of vulnerability for depressive symptoms. PMID:24975941

  4. Concordance among Physical Educators', Teachers', and Parents' Perceptions of Attention Problems in Children (United States)

    Efstratopoulou, Maria; Simons, Johan; Janssen, Rianne


    Objective: The study examined the concordance among rating sources on attention problems of elementary school-aged children. Method: A randomly selected sample ("N" = 841) of children was rated by the physical educators, the teachers, and the parents, using the Attention Scales of the Motor Behavior Checklist (MBC), the Teacher Report…

  5. Teachers' and Caregivers' Perceptions of Gender Differences in Educational Experiences of Children Affected by Parental AIDS in Western Kenya (United States)

    Jepkemboi, Grace; Aldridge, Jerry


    The purpose of this qualitative case study was to describe the perceptions of teachers and caregivers concerning gender differences in the educational experiences of children influenced by the HIV status of their parents or orphaned by AIDS in 7 orphanage schools of Western Kenya. 12 teachers and 8 caregivers participated in the study. Data were…

  6. Teacher-Child Relationship, Parenting, and Growth in Likelihood and Severity of Physical Aggression in the Early School Years (United States)

    Runions, Kevin C.; Vitaro, Fank; Cross, Donna; Shaw, Thérèse; Hall, Margaret


    This investigation used two-part growth modeling and cross-lagged panel analysis to examine the predictive function of parenting and teacher-child relationship on the likelihood of children showing problems with parent-rated physical aggression, and on the severity of problems, for 374 children followed from prekindergarten and first grade.…

  7. Hablando Con Maestros Guia para Padres para Resolver Problemas Con La Escuela = Talking With Teachers: A Problem-Solving Handbook for Parents. (United States)

    Mata, Roberto L.

    Designed to help parents communicate with teachers about the school problems of their children, the handbook provides strategies which can guide parents to collect accurate information about a problem and to use it to initiate an open exchange with the teacher. The strategies can be used whether parents are becoming aware of a problem or have been…

  8. "They Didn't Have 'Out There' Gay Parents--They Just Looked Like "Normal" Regular Parents": Investigating Teachers' Approaches to Addressing Same-Sex Parenting and Non-Normative Sexuality in the Elementary School Classroom (United States)

    Martino, Wayne; Cumming-Potvin, Wendy


    In this article we draw on queer theoretical and critical literacy perspectives to investigate elementary school teachers' pedagogical approaches to addressing same-sex parenting and non-normative sexuality in the elementary classroom. Through undertaking case study research, we examine two Australian elementary school teachers' reflections on…

  9. Interviewing Teacher-Librarian Candidates (United States)

    Yucht, Alice


    When recently asked by an administrator for some realistic questions and "recommended" responses to expect while interviewing candidates for school library positions, the author grouped the questions into three categories: library management, information skills and teaching skills. In this article are the questions she suggested, along with topics…

  10. Astronomy Librarians - Quo Vadis?


    Lagerstrom, Jill; Grothkopf, Uta


    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the lib...

  11. Internet Library For Librarians (United States)

    Sha, Vianne Tang

    The Internet Library For Librarians is a portal designed with librarians in mind. Common reference materials, librarianship, and accessories organize the site hierarchically. Under each of these levels exist more levels that further narrow down the visitor�s specific focus. Furthermore, the portal forms a community that offers features such as 'add or recommend a site' to further expand the portal's collection. This site is a valuable resource for those who are just entering the field or seasoned professional librarians.

  12. The Actions of Teacher-Librarians Minimize or Reinforce Barriers to Adolescent Information Seeking. A Review of: Meyers, Eric M., Lisa P. Nathan, and Matthew L. Saxton. “Barriers to Information Seeking in School Libraries: Conflicts in Perceptions and Practice.” Information Research 12:2 (2007: paper 295.

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    Julie McKenna


    Full Text Available Objective – To study high school teacher-librarians and whether their actions and reactions are aligned with their perception of the role they play in creating an information seeking and learning environment.Design – Triangulation qualitative research undertaken over a 16 month period (Fall 2005 – 2007.Setting – Six high school libraries in the Puget Sound region of the state of Washington, United States.Subjects – Six teacher-librarians, each with a minimum of ten years experience and classroom teachers and students. This sample represented the range of school sizes, the rural, urban, and suburban mix, and the range of significant socioeconomic conditions (qualification for subsidized lunch and English as an additional language in the region.Methods – Four interviews of one to two hours were held with each teacher-librarian during school hours. Initial interviews were recorded by hand and a set question protocol was used (and included in the appendix. Questions were asked about their professional background and training; their job duties, day to day activities and priorities; their perceptions as to how others (e.g., peers and administrators support the library; the goals of their library’s services; how students use the library; and their critical assessment of their role. Subsequent interviews were undertaken within two days of a classroom visit to the library and also followed a set protocol of questions (Appendix D. The second set of interviews was audio recorded and transcribed. Two classroom teachers from each school were interviewed for 30 minutes and audio recorded using a set interview protocol (Appendix C within two days of class participation in library instruction. Library observations ranging from two to three hours each occurred during a minimum of seven randomized times at each library. These observation sessions typically included class instructional sessions of thirty to ninety minutes. The observation protocols are described in an appendix to the study. Consistent note-taking, varying of observation times and days of week, use of triangulated methods, comparison of emergent themes with other studies, audio-taping interviews, inter-coder checks, analyzing data for observer effect, and a number of other approaches ensured validity. Kuhlthau’s theory of intermediation and Zone of Intervention was used as a theoretical framework to categorize the teacher-librarians’ perceptions of their roles and their observed activities. Harris and Dewdney’s principles of information seeking behaviour were used as an analytic framework to study the difference between the teacher-librarians’ perceptions of their roles and their observed practices. These five roles are organizer of information; expert in locating material; identifier and instructor of general sources; advisor of search strategy; and mediator in the process of constructing meaning (Kuhlthau.Main Results – The findings were framed in the six principles of information seeking (Harris & Dewdney and were presented through use of narrative captured in both the observations and interviews.Principle 1: Information needs arise from the help-seeker’s situation.The high school students in the library to complete assignments about which the teacher-librarians were not apprised; therefore the teacher-librarians were unable to assist the students in meeting information needs.Principle 2: The decision to seek help or not seek help is affected by many factors.Principle 3: People tend to seek information that is most accessible.Issues of control were the greatest barrier to students’ successful information seeking behaviour. In the environments observed, the greatest balance of power was within the control of the teachers, including when and if the students would have access to the library, and whether the teacher-librarian would be informed of the assignment. Within the library facility, the teacher-librarians demonstrated a high need for control and power over the students’ activities and behaviour, and the students thems

  13. Environmental influences on youth eating habits: insights from parents and teachers in South Korea. (United States)

    Park, Sohyun; Kang, Jae-Heon; Lawrence, Robert; Gittelsohn, Joel


    Youth obesity has increased over the past two decades in South Korea. Researchers employed in-depth interviews and focus-group discussions with parents and teachers from 26 schools in metropolitan South Korea, to examine environmental factors affecting youth eating habits. Home environment and exposure to healthy foods were the most important factors influencing healthy eating habits. Families with working mothers eat out more than do families with stay-at-home mothers. Poor nutrition education is associated with low vegetable intake in elementary school lunches. A cultural emphasis on academic achievement adversely affects children's eating practices. Findings can guide future studies and inform program development. PMID:24884552

  14. Solo Librarians Working Collaboratively (United States)

    Nickel, Robbie


    The Elko County School District in Nevada has elementary school librarians that are "solo" librarians. Over the last several years they have worked to collaborate on meeting monthly--even though the district covers 17,100 square miles--and on providing professional development face to face and online. Sharing and collaboration help them to problem…

  15. Astronomy Librarian - Quo Vadis? (United States)

    Lagerstrom, Jill; Grothkopf, Uta

    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of some of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the librarian's universe, illustrating how librarians use new technologies to perform such tasks as bibliometrics, how we are re-fashioning our library spaces in an increasingly digital world and how we are confronting the brave new world of Open Access, to name but a few topics.



    Hotaman, Davut


    In this research, the level of possession of the students’ basic skills that are anticipated to be cultivated into student by the new elementary education program were evaluated in terms of the perceptions of teachers, parents and students. For the sample groups of this research, the 4th and 5th grade students (527) from 16 schools, the parents (527) of these students and the teachers (148) of the 4th and 5th grade in the districts of Istanbul (Avcilar, Bakirkoy and Sisli), which is the la...

  17. Parents’ Ages at Birth and Risk of Adult-onset Hematologic Malignancies Among Female Teachers in California


    Lu, Yani; Ma, Huiyan; Sullivan-halley, Jane; Henderson, Katherine D.; Chang, Ellen T.; Clarke, Christina A.; Neuhausen, Susan L.; West, Dee W.; Bernstein, Leslie; Wang, Sophia S.


    Although advanced parental age at one's birth has been associated with increased risk of breast and prostate cancers, few studies have examined its effect on adult-onset sporadic hematologic malignancies. The authors examined the association of parents’ ages at women's births with risk of hematologic malignancies among 110,999 eligible women aged 22–84 years recruited into the prospective California Teachers Study. Between 1995 and 2007, 819 women without a family history of hematologic m...

  18. Our Librarian Bodies. Our Librarian Selves.


    Emily Ford


    Librarians are great at taking care of their patrons. We will conduct searches for our patrons and provide them with the resources they need, we contribute to the public good and offer ongoing educational opportunities, and we provide community space in the name of discourse and community building. We also testify in and lobby Congress [...

  19. Librarian as Poet / Poet as Librarian


    Erin Dorney


    In brief: Through interviews with three poets who also work in libraries, this article explores the benefits and challenges of these overlapping roles, reflecting on commonalities in the two communities. Introduction I am a librarian and a poet who has tried to keep those two roles separate. As a library school student and in the […

  20. Parent-Child and Teacher-Child Relationships in Chinese Preschoolers: The Moderating Role of Preschool Experiences and the Mediating Role of Social Competence (United States)

    Zhang, Xiao


    Based on two samples of Chinese preschoolers (Study 1: N = 443; Study 2: N = 118) and their parents and teachers, the present research examined the associations between parent-child and teacher-child relationships, and how the associations were moderated by children's preschool experiences and mediated by their social competence. Using a…

  1. A formação de professores e a capacitação de bibliotecários com limitação visual por meio da EAD em ambiente virtual de aprendizagem / Teachers formation and visual disabled librarians training through e-learning in learning virtual environment

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Lizandra Brasil, Estabel; Eliane Lourdes da Silva, Moro; Lucila Maria Costi, Santarosa.


    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa aborda o uso e a apropriação das Tecnologias de Informação e de Comunicação (TICs) pelas Pessoas com Necessidades Educacionais Especiais (PNEEs) com limitação visual e os processos de interação e de aprendizagem por esses sujeitos em um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem (AVA). O cenário [...] desta pesquisa é o AVA TelEduc e as suas ferramentas, bem como as ferramentas de comunicação e de interação externas ao ambiente, como o MsChat e o Skype. Fazem parte deste processo quatro sujeitos com limitação visual (SB, AL, NO e AM), professores e bibliotecários dos cursos PROINESP, da Secretaria de Educação Especial do Ministério da Educação (SEESP/MEC), em parceria com a Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), por meio do Núcleo de Informática na Educação Especial (NIEE) e do BIBLIOTEC II, Curso de Extensão em Bibliotecas Escolares e Acessibilidade, do Departamento de Ciências da Informação da Faculdade de Biblioteconomia e Comunicação (DCI/FABICO), da UFRGS. O problema de pesquisa pretende verificar como ocorre, na formação a distância em Ambientes Virtuais de Aprendizagem, o processo de apropriação e de interação, no uso das Tecnologias de Informação e de Comunicação, de professores e de bibliotecários com limitação visual. Dentre os objetivos, destacam-se os de propiciar a formação e a qualificação a distância de professores e bibliotecários com limitação visual, por meio de AVA e avaliar os processos de apropriação, de interação e a inclusão social, digital e profissional. A epistemologia vygotskyana foi a base desta pesquisa e a linha mestra do processo pedagógico. A partir das análises realizadas dos processos de apropriação e de interação dos sujeitos desta pesquisa, pode-se concluir que SB, AL, NO e AM conseguiram apropriar-se das ferramentas e serem mediadores deste processo de apropriação pelos seus alunos e interagiram entre eles (sujeitos), com os colegas, com os formadores e com os alunos por meio do uso das ferramentas, sendo incluídos em um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem. Abstract in english This research approaches the use and the appropriation of ICTs, by PNEEs with visual disability and their interaction and learning processes in an AVA. The background of this research is AVA TelEduc and their tools, as well as the external tools to the environment: MsChat and Skype. Four visual disa [...] bled people are part of this process (SB, AL, NO and AM), as well as PROINESP courses teachers and librarians. The research main goal is to verify how the appropriation and interaction process in the use of ICTs happens in long distance educational system AVAs -, among teachers and librarians with visual disability. Among the objectives, stand out to provide long distance graduation and qualification through AVA to teachers and librarians with visual disability, and to evaluate appropriation and interaction processes as well as the social, digital and professional inclusion. The Vygotskyan epistemology was the foundation for this research. Starting from the accomplished analyses of the appropriation and interaction processes of the involved people in this research, it can be settled that SB, AL, NO and AM were able to appropriate themselves of the tools and be mediators of the appropriation process to their students .They also interacted among themselves, among friends, teachers and students by using the tools and by being included in a virtual-learning environment.

  2. Il system librarian


    Spinello, Annalisa


    The aim of this literature review is to investigate the roles and activities of the library systems specialist or system librarian, an entirely new breed of library professional developed during the library automation process all over the world.

  3. Detection of high ability children by teachers and parents: Psychometric quality of new rating checklists for the assessment of intellectual, creative and social ability


    ULRIKE SOMMER; ANDREAS FINK; Neubauer, Aljoscha C.


    In the present study we devised scales for teachers’ and parents’ estimation of intellectual, creative and social abilities of fourth grade elementary school pupils. Their scores were related to psychometrically determined ability scores. Ninety-three school pupils in the age range between 9.3 and 11.2 years, as well as their parents and teachers took part. The new rating checklists proved as sufficiently reliable (particularly the teachers’ version). Analyses of validity showed a high ...

  4. Librarian as Professor of Social Media Literacy


    Bridges, Laurie M.


    Many high school teachers are prohibited from interacting with students in social media sites despite the fact that the majority of teenagers actively use them. The first opportunity most students have to interact with instructors in an online environment is in higher education. University and college librarians can take the lead in providing social media literacy instruction by developing courses and workshops using the Information Literacy Competency Standards developed by ACRL. This articl...

  5. Reliability and Validity of the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA) as a Function of Parent and Teacher Ratings (United States)

    Barbu, Otilia C.; Levine-Donnerstein, Deborah; Marx, Ronald W.; Yaden, David B., Jr.


    This study examined reliability and validity of the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA), based on samples of parents and teachers' ratings of 1,145 entering kindergartners in the Southwest. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that DECA presented good reliability and validity for manifest variables, corroborating previous findings.…

  6. The Role of Active Listening in Teacher-Parent Relations and the Moderating Role of Attachment Style (United States)

    Castro, Dotan R.; Alex, Cohen; Tohar, Gilad; Kluger, Avraham N.


    This study tested the perceived effectiveness of "Listening-Ask questions-Focus on the issue-Find a first step" method (McNaughton et al., 2008) in a parent-teacher conversation using a scenario study (N?=?208). As expected, a scenario based on this method compared with a scenario of a conversation omitting the four steps of the method…

  7. Raising Future Scientists: Identifying and Developing a Child’s Science Talent, A Guide for Parents and Teachers (United States)

    Heilbronner, Nancy N.


    Parents and teachers may suspect early science talent in children, which frequently manifests itself through insatiable curiosity and an intense interest in one or more areas of science. However, sometimes they struggle with identification and then knowing what to do to nurture these talents. The author of this practical article provides a…

  8. Links between Parent-Teacher Relationships and Kindergartners' Social Skills: Do Child Ethnicity and Family Income Matter? (United States)

    Iruka, Iheoma U.; Winn, Donna-Marie C.; Kingsley, Susan J.; Orthodoxou, Yannick J.


    This study uses National Center for Early Development and Learning (NCEDL) data to examine the moderating effects of child ethnicity and family income on the links between parent-teacher relationships and kindergartners' social skills. This study includes 481 Caucasian, African American, and Latino children from low-income households. Overall,…

  9. Students' Perceptions of Rewards for Academic Performance by Parents and Teachers: Relations with Achievement and Motivation in College (United States)

    Davis, Kelly D.; Winsler, Adam; Middleton, Michael


    In the present study, the authors examined college students' (N = 136) perceptions of the provision of extrinsic rewards given by parents and teachers for academic performance from elementary school through high school. They also examined the relations between reward history and present student motivational orientation. External rewards for…

  10. The Care and Education of a Deaf Child: A Book for Parents. Parents' and Teachers' Guides, Number 4. (United States)

    Knight, Pamela; Swanwick, Ruth

    Most deaf children are born to hearing parents. Many of these parents have little or no knowledge of deafness and what it means for their child, themselves, or their family. This book introduces parents of deaf children to the aspects of deafness they will want to know more about. The book can be read as a whole, as it is designed to take a…

  11. Conceptions of effort among students, teachers and parents within an English secondary school

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stable, Andrew; Murakami, Kyoko


    ‘Effort’ and ‘ability’ (understood as potential, intelligence or achievement) are concepts widely used in the everyday language of schooling in Britain but each term lacks clear definition of its use in the school context. Meanwhile, the assessment of effort, alongside that of achievement, remains widespread. This article reports on an exploratory case study of conceptions of effort among three major actors in an English secondary school. Qualitative and quantitative data from questionnaires and interviews with teachers, students and parents at an English comprehensive school were collected. Analysis reveals that understandings of ‘effort’ are not uniform. Rather, ‘effort’ is a shorthand term, which can be used variably, therefore can be construed as a tool of negotiation, or a form of investment in a set of aims distinctive to each group or individual case. There is a strong case for more sustained research into the operationalizing of such key concepts in schools and other professional and workplace settings.

  12. 2. The Data Librarian: introducing the Data Librarian


    Liscouski, Joe


    This paper provides some initial considerations into the design and function of the Data Librarian. The first part (Liscouski, J., 1997, Journal of Automatic Chemistry, 19, 193-197) described the need for the Librarian.

  13. Librarians as Leaders in Professional Learning Communities through Technology, Literacy, and Collaboration (United States)

    Dees, Dianne; Mayer, Alisande; Morin, Heather; Willis, Elaine


    Librarians promote student learning through technology, literacy, and collaboration with teachers. Each element provides ample opportunities to offer leadership and to learn as a member of the learning community. The librarian demonstrates leadership within the professional learning community (PLC) by providing professional development for…

  14. A Search for New Ways of Describing Parent-Child Relationships: Voices from Principals, Teachers, Guidance Professionals, Parents and Pupils (United States)

    Luk-Fong, Yuk Yee Pattie


    What are children's perceptions and experience of parent-child relationships in Hong Kong, where westernization (modernization) has met with the indigenous Chinese culture? This article focuses on how school children in Hong Kong are constantly grappling with 'Chinese' and 'western' traditions in the parent-child relationship as they hear…

  15. The status of systems librarians


    Seadle, Michael


    Systems librarians are a subspecies on whom everyone in the library world depends. Yet no one who has worked as a systems librarian would recognize themselves as having an exalted status. The problem lies in the dual nature of their work: they must be computer professionals and librarians simultaneously. And that is hard.

  16. Not your ordinary librarian debunking the popular perceptions of librarians

    CERN Document Server

    White, Ashanti


    When you picture a librarian, what do you imagine? An old white woman with glasses and a prudish disposition? That is the image that many people conjure up when asked to picture a librarian; with 82 per cent of the professional force being female and the average age of a librarian at 45, coupled with popular stereotypical images, it is difficult to dispute the perceptions. But there is more to librarians than meets the eye. This book will explore the origin of the image and popular media images of the librarian, in addition to the effects of the stereotype, and the challenges to the perception

  17. The branch librarians' handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Rivers, Vickie


    Libraries are integral parts of communities, and patrons have visited them in record numbers over recent years. According to the American Library Association, 64 percent of people surveyed in the United States have visited their local libraries in the past year. Branch librarians especially are striving to meet the various needs of their communities--in addition to books and Internet access, many branch libraries have videos, books on tape and CD, DVDs, and even art prints available to their patrons. This handbook covers a wide variety of issues that the branch librarian must deal with every d

  18. Energy-Smart Building Choices: How Parents and Teachers Are Helping to Create Better Environments for Learning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most K-12 schools could save 25% of their energy costs by being smart about energy. Nationwide, the savings potential is$6 billion. While improving energy use in buildings and busses, schools are likely to create better places for teaching and learning, with better lighting, temperature control, acoustics, and air quality. This brochure, targeted to parents and teachers, describes how schools can become more energy efficient

  19. Willingness to use ADHD Treatments: A Mixed Methods Study of Perceptions by Adolescents, Parents, Health Professionals and Teachers


    Bussing, Regina; Koro-ljungberg, Mirka; Noguchi, Kenji; Mason, Dana; Mayerson, Gillian; Garvan, Cynthia W.


    Little is known about factors that influence willingness to engage in treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). From 2007 to 2008, in the context of a longitudinal study assessing ADHD detection and service use in the United States, we simultaneously elicited ADHD treatment perceptions from four stakeholder groups: adolescents, parents, health care professionals and teachers. We assessed their willingness to use ADHD interventions and views of potential undesirable effect...

  20. Reinventing the medical librarian.


    Anderson, R. K.


    The caliber of the librarian is a health sciences library's most important resource. This paper explores factors which have influenced who has, or who has not, entered the profession of medical librarianship, and discusses several attributes which the author considers critical for restructuring the profession to meet current and future needs.

  1. The Incredible Embeddable Librarian (United States)

    Dale, Jenny; Kellam, Lynda


    The "embedded librarian" as a concept has emerged in the literature only recently, but has quickly gained footing as a model of practice. Many scholarly explorations of embedded librarianship have been published, though no two works define this concept in the exact same way. David Shumaker's description seems to be particularly apt: "Embedded…

  2. Views of parents, teachers and children on health promotion in kindergarten : first results from formative focus groups and observations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sansolios, Sanne; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg


    The aim of the study was to capture the views of children, parents and teachers on the topic of physical activity in kindergarten through observation and focus group interviews. The study was conducted in the kindergartens from the sampling group in the Danish part of PERISCOPE. 1 st methodology : Children interviewed inside by the researcher on preferable movements and settings and then observed outside during their playtime. 2 nd methodology : Children asked to draw themselves playing their most preferred physical activity. Parents and kindergarten teachers interviewed in two different groups, using an identical guide. Children are skilled in taking advantage of the space and facilities available for physical activity; girls need more support than boys to initiate physical activity; children are happy with the facilities and the toys available in the kindergarten. Teachers feel an increasing pressure to take more responsibility and initiatives for the children ’ s health habits. Parents state that if more physical activity is initiated in the kindergarten, it could make children request domestic activity. Physical activity and movement concept are too abstract for children of this age to talk about: they quickly lose their focus and concentration. The new methodology of videotaping gives the researcher the chance to interpret facial expressions to capture movement, talk and actions, and to make a distinction among children, as they tend to interrupt each other. However, this method contains a weakness, if used alone, by the fact that the shooting is only a refl ection of what the video camera has recorded.

  3. Psychometric Properties of the Parent and Teacher ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) : Measurement Invariance Across Gender, Age, and Informant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Makransky, Guido; Bilenberg, Niels


    Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Rating the severity of psychopathology and symptom load is essential in daily clinical practice and in research. The parent and teacher ADHD-Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) includes inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity subscales and is one of the most frequently used scales in treatment evaluation of children with ADHD. An extended version, mADHD-RS, also includes an oppositional defiant disorder subscale. The partial credit Rasch model, which is based on item response theory, was used to test the psychometric properties of this scale in a sample of 566 Danish school children between 6 and 16 years of age. The results indicated that parents and teachers had different frames of reference when rating symptoms in the mADHD-RS. There was support for the unidimensionality of the three subscales when parent and teacher ratings were analyzed independently. Nonetheless, evidence for differential item functioning was found across gender and age for specific items within each of the subscales. The findings expand existing psychometric information about the mADHD-RS and support its use as a valid and reliable measure of symptom severity when used in age- and gender-stratified materials.

  4. Los padres como consejeros o coparticipes en la toma de decisiones. Serie E: [E1] logro de la participacion de los padres. cuaderno 3. Edicion para el maestro. Cuadernos para el entrenamiento de maestros de educacion bilingue. (Parents as Advisors or Participants in Decision Making. Series E: Parent Participation, Book 3. Teacher Edition. Bilingual Education Teacher Training Packet). (United States)

    Rodriguez, Rodolfo, Comp.

    This guide on training bilingual education teachers focuses on parents as advisors in the decision making process at bilingual schools. The two units, "An Introduction to Parent Participation" and "Parent Participation in Educational Decision Making," include objectives, definitions of terms, lists of materials and equipment, and learning…

  5. Collaboration of Parents and EFL Teachers to Enhance Children’s Motivation towards Reading Skills: Focus to 1st Cycle of Primary Schools in Jimma Zone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemechis Teshome


    Full Text Available The goal of this study is to investigate to what extent parents and an EFL teachers work collaboratively to boost children’s motivation to reading skills. To achieve this aim, the First Cycle of Primary Schools (1-4 of Jimma zone, two woredas ( Kersa and Mana and one special town (Jimma were taken as an example. Clear and measurable attempts were made to investigate the extent to which parents work with EFL teachers to increase their children’s motivation to the direction of reading skills. In order to achieve the targeted objective mix- questionnaire and semi-structured interview for teachers, an FGD with parents, and classroom observation were made on the current views of parents involvement to maximize students’ motivation of reading and teachers’ role as well. Results of the study show that the parents and EFL teachers hardly work cooperatively to enhance students’ motivation towards reading skill. They do not have an effective communication way in which they exchange constructive information about the students’ reading motivation. There are clearly seen mismatches between the intended curriculum that vehemently sets parents and teachers should work together so as to make students are motivated toward reading skill of English.

  6. Examining Preschool Teachers' Attitudes, Comfort, Action Orientation and Preparation to Work with Children Reared by Gay and Lesbian Parents (United States)

    Hegde, Archana V.; Averett, Paige; Parker White, Carmel; Deese, Shannon


    The present study assessed preschool teachers' attitudes towards homosexuality, their comfort levels in working with same sex parents and their children, their action orientation and preparedness to work on this topic. Twenty teachers from public schools and 20 from private child care settings in North Carolina, USA, participated in the…

  7. Investigator Ratings of ADHD Symptoms during a Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Atomoxetine: A Comparison of Parents and Teachers as Informants (United States)

    Bohnstedt, Bradley N.; Kronenberger, William G.; Dunn, David W.; Giauque, Ann L.; Wood, Elisabeth A.; Rembusch, Mary E.; Lafata, Deborah


    This study compared investigator ratings of ADHD symptoms based on interviews with parents and teachers during a doubleblind, placebo-controlled study of atomoxetine. Investigators completed the ADHD Rating Scale: Investigator (ADHDRS-I) based on separate semistructured interviews with the primary caretaker and teacher of the participant.…

  8. Social Support from Parents, Friends, Classmates, and Teachers in Children and Adolescents Aged 9 to 18 Years: Who Is Perceived as Most Supportive? (United States)

    Bokhorst, Caroline L.; Sumter, Sindy R.; Westenberg, P. Michiel


    Age and gender differences in perceived social support from parents, friends, classmates, and teachers were investigated in 304 boys and 351 girls aged 9-18 years. The social support scale for children and adolescents was used for this purpose. Analyses showed that the level of perceived social support from parents and friends was similar across…

  9. Women's Studies Librarian (United States)

    The University of Wisconsin System Women's Studies Librarian offers a web page that provides exhaustive lists of bibliographies of monographs and scholarly articles in women's studies. The site also offers core lists of women's studies books in print on subjects from aging to women of color, compiled by the Association of College and Research Libraries Women's Studies Section. These core lists are intended to aid librarians in building women's collections, as well as guide teaching faculty in selecting course materials. Publishers and prices are provided. The page also points to selected women's Internet subject resources, e-zines and newsletters, and syllabi and course materials.

  10. A medical librarian's progress.


    Braude, R. M.


    The author describes how four medical librarians influenced his career and his values. Louise Darling, Brad Rogers, Estelle Brodman, and Bernice Hetzner became a professional extended family, each one contributing to different aspects of his career path, socialization to the profession, priorities, and principles of management. The lessons they imparted directly and by example are followed through the development of the author's career. Although the norms of the profession are different today...

  11. Families: Influences in Children's Development and Behaviour, from Parents and Teachers' Point of View (United States)

    de Figueiredo, Claudia Rodrigues Sequeira; Dias, Filomena Valadao


    Family plays a very important role in infant's development and behaviour, being that the parents' divorce can be a very stressful experience. This is an exploratory and comparative study that aims at identifying the differences in children's behaviour with divorced parents (or separated) and married parents (or living together), based on the…

  12. Professional Astronomy without a Librarian


    Andernach, Heinz


    Virtually every ``serious'' place where professional astronomy is done has a librarian, even if shared with the physics or math department. Since its creation in 1994 of {\\it Departamento de Astronom\\'{\\i}a} (DA) of Universidad de Guanajuato (UG) it was neither provided with a librarian, nor with proper space for its holdings, nor with a budget allowing institutional journal subscriptions. I describe my experience of now five years as ``amateur'' librarian, and present infor...

  13. Strengthening the Roles of Parent Teacher Association in Secondary Schools for Better Community Participation in Educational Development in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haastrup Timilehin Ekundayo


    Full Text Available The paper examined the traditional roles of the Parent Teacher Association (PTA in secondary schools inNigeria. The state of secondary schools in Nigeria suggests that there are still some problems facing the school inwhich the PTA had been found wanting. These include inadequate financial support of the PTA to the schools;lack of cooperation between the schools and the parents; inadequate supervision of schools among others. Thepaper therefore made some recommendations on how the roles of the PTA can be strengthened for bettercommunity participation in the provision of qualitative education at the secondary school level. These includegiving the PTA more involvement in educational financing; giving them more responsibilities in schooladministration; giving them direct labour for execution of school projects instead of giving to outsidecontractors.

  14. Students' perceptions of rewards for academic performance by parents and teachers: relations with achievement and motivation in college. (United States)

    Davis, Kelly D; Winsler, Adam; Middleton, Michael


    In the present study, the authors examined college students' (N= 136) perceptions of the provision of extrinsic rewards given by parents and teachers for academic performance from elementary school through high school. They also examined the relations between reward history and present student motivational orientation. External rewards for students' grades were common at all levels of schooling. Reward history related significantly to students' motivational orientation and performance in college, and these relations were generally stronger for boys than for girls. The authors discuss implications of these findings. PMID:16910211

  15. Burnout among Bibliographic Instruction Librarians. (United States)

    Affleck, Mary Ann


    Discusses burnout among bibliographic instruction librarians and describes the use of the Maslach Burnout Inventory and a Role Questionnaire with bibliographic instruction librarians in colleges in New England using a mailed survey. Relationships between levels of burnout and role stress, formal educational preparation, and faculty rank and status…

  16. Burnout: From a Librarian's Perspective. (United States)

    Watstein, Sarah Barbara

    Intended to focus attention on librarians' needs regarding coping with mental and physical occupational stress, this report summarizes the activities of a workshop on the concerns of librarian instructors held in the fall of 1979 by the California Clearinghouse on Library Instruction (CCLI); discusses the various definitions of burnout; and…

  17. Becoming a Writer-Librarian


    Emily Ford


    In Brief: This article offers a reflection on my pursuit to become a writer-librarian. In addition to participating in a professional writing program at my institution, in November of 2012 I participated in Academic Writing Month and Digital Writing Month. Through these immersive experiences I worked to figure out who is my writerly librarian self and [...

  18. Continuing Education for Distance Librarians (United States)

    Cassner, Mary; Adams, Kate E.


    Distance librarians as engaged professionals work in a complex environment of changes in technologies, user expectations, and institutional goals. They strive to keep current with skills and competencies to support distance learners. This article provides a selection of continuing education opportunities for distance librarians, and is relevant…

  19. Becoming a Writer-Librarian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily Ford


    Full Text Available In Brief: This article offers a reflection on my pursuit to become a writer-librarian. In addition to participating in a professional writing program at my institution, in November of 2012 I participated in Academic Writing Month and Digital Writing Month. Through these immersive experiences I worked to figure out who is my writerly librarian self and [...

  20. The Researching Librarian (United States)

    Created by Kerry Smith, Assistant Professor and Library Instruction Services Coordinator, Mississippi State University Libraries, this new metasite gathers a modest but carefully selected group of sites that may be useful to librarians conducting research. The sites are organized in five categories: databases, funding, journals, statistics, and tools. Each link is briefly annotated or includes a block quote from the title page of the site being linked to. While many of the sites listed will be familiar to experienced online researchers, the site is worth a look, and newer users will certainly find a number of useful resources.

  1. Teachers Working Cooperatively with Parents and Caregivers when Implementing LGBT Themes in the Elementary Classroom (United States)

    Flores, Gabriel


    Many teachers are interested in having a more inclusive multicultural education that includes lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) themes and gay-themed children's literature; unfortunately, research has found that many teachers do not implement gay themes in their multicultural education curriculum because of fear of criticism from…

  2. Concordance Rates between Parent and Teacher Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals Observational Rating Scale (United States)

    Massa, Jacqueline; Gomes, Hilary; Tartter, Vivien; Wolfson, Virginia; Halperin, Jeffrey M.


    Background: Research has shown that early identification of children with language issues is critical for effective intervention, and yet many children are not identified until school age. The use of parent-completed rating scales, especially in urban, minority populations, might improve early identification if parent ratings are found to be…

  3. Subject Librarian Knowledge Exchange and Sharing


    Wu Xuezhi; Zhong Wenjuan


    Subject librarian’s tacit knowledge is the core competencies of its knowledge services. In order to improve it, University libraries should establish platform of knowledge resources for the subject librarian knowledge exchange and sharing. This study analyzes the current situation and existing problems of subject librarian knowledge exchange and sharing and propose optimization strategies of constructing such platform.

  4. Collaboration of Parents and EFL Teachers to Enhance Children’s Motivation towards Reading Skills: Focus to 1st Cycle of Primary Schools in Jimma Zone


    Gemechis Teshome


    The goal of this study is to investigate to what extent parents and an EFL teachers work collaboratively to boost children’s motivation to reading skills. To achieve this aim, the First Cycle of Primary Schools (1-4) of Jimma zone, two woredas ( Kersa and Mana) and one special town (Jimma) were taken as an example. Clear and measurable attempts were made to investigate the extent to which parents work with EFL teachers to increase their children’s motivation to the direction of reading s...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jurka Lepi?nik Vodopivec


    Full Text Available This paper deals with media literacy as a multidimensional skill that parents and teachers possess. In this context we warn of the media-technical aspect of this skill and, within this aspect, of parents’ and teachers’ opinion on the presence of media in children’s lives. Following that, the paper explores teachers’ media-didactic competence as a component of educators’ media literacy. In the empiric part we used two aspects of fostering media literacy. One is the media-technical competence of parents and educators, while the other is the media-didactic competence of educators. We found that both parents and teachers believe that media have a strong presence in everyday lives of pre-school children and that they play an important role in teaching pre-school children. Teachers are aware of the importance of early teaching with media, for media and about media with the purpose of developing children’s media literacy, so they will not be afraid of media when they grow up.

  6. Reuniões de pais na educação infantil: modos de gestão / Parent teacher meetings in early childhood education: management styles

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Heloisa Helena Genovese de Oliveira, Garcia; Lino de, Macedo.


    Full Text Available O artigo discute a relação entre escolas e famílias no contexto da educação infantil por meio da análise de reuniões de pais. Fundamenta-se em um estudo de caso qualitativo sobre 11 reuniões, realizadas em duas escolas municipais de educação infantil paulistanas. Foram analisados os diferentes modos [...] de gestão pelo professor, segundo três aspectos: forma (pauta), conteúdo (temas), dinâmica (relações entre professor e pais). Os resultados indicaram modos de gestão que dificultam a participação dos pais e descaracterizam os objetivos das reuniões: forma desorganizada e rígida; conteúdo burocrático e comportamental; dinâmica fragmentada e centralizada. Ao mesmo tempo, identificaram-se indicadores que favorecem a construção de uma relação mais cooperativa durante as reuniões, correspondentes aos modos de gestão: forma compartilhada, conteúdo educacional e dinâmica coletiva. Os autores destacam a necessidade de registro e de avaliação coletiva das reuniões de pais, visando à articulação com o projeto pedagógico, o currículo e a dimensão didática Abstract in english The article discusses the relation between schools and families in the context of early childhood education through the analysis of parent teacher meetings. Case study of eleven meetings held in two public pre-schools of São Paulo city. The different ways of meeting management were analyzed accordin [...] g to three aspects: form (agenda of meeting), content (subject) and dynamics (relationship between teachers and parents). The results indicated ways of management that hindrance parents participation and affect the objective of the meeting: disorganized and rigid forms; bureaucratic content; fragmented and centralized dynamics. There were also identified indicators that favor the construction of a more cooperative relationship during the meetings: shared management; educational content and group dynamics. The authors outline the necessity of record the meetings and assess its connection with the pedagogical project, the curriculum and the didactic dimension

  7. "Librarian for hire": contracting a librarian's services to external departments.


    Schatz, C. A.; Whitehead, S. E.


    In a time of financial constraints, Harvard Medical School's Countway Library has found a way to acquire additional funding to expand its services while integrating librarians further into the medical school organization. This paper describes the contractual arrangement between the library and a medical school department and shows how a professional librarian can be integrated into the institutional environment and take on new roles that are both meaningful and satisfying. As liaison to the c...

  8. Los padres como maestros de los ninos. Los padres como recursos para los maestros. Serie E: El logro de la participacion de los padres, cuadernos I y II. Edicion para el estudiante. Cuadernos para el entrenamiento de maestros de educacion bilingue. (Parents as the Children's Teachers. Parents as Resources for the Teachers. Series E: Success with Parent Participation, Books I and II. Student Edition. Bilingual Education Teacher Training Packets.) (United States)

    Lazos, Hector

    The student versions of two learning modules for teacher training in bilingual education are part of a series focusing on promoting parent participation in the school system. An introductory section discussing the overall objectives of the materials is followed by two modules, each consisting of introductory sections and two units containing…

  9. Ask The Librarian : A Webliography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)


    Full Text Available A Webliography collects the web sites about the electronic reference ask the librarian , divided into 5 categories ; libraries web sites offer the service , researches and studies , software , conferences and workshops , and webliographies.

  10. Parent-Teacher Agreement and Reliability on the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA) in English and Spanish for Ethnically Diverse Children Living in Poverty (United States)

    Crane, Jennifer; Mincic, Melissa S.; Winsler, Adam


    Research Findings: Social-emotional competence is especially important for children living in poverty, and effective assessment of social-emotional skills is critical. This study examined parent-teacher agreement and reliability of the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA; P. A. LeBuffe & J. A. Naglieri, 1999) English and Spanish forms in a…

  11. Inattention, Hyperactivity, and Oppositional-Defiant Symptoms in Brazilian Adolescents: Gender Prevalence and Agreement between Teachers and Parents in a Non-English Speaking Population (United States)

    Serra-Pinheiro, Maria Antonia; Mattos, Paulo; Regalla, Maria Angelica


    Objective: To assess hyperactivity (H/I), inattention (IN), and oppositional-defiant (OP) symptoms in a nonclinical Brazilian sample of adolescents, and to investigate the association between scoring profiles of teachers and parents, symptom levels, and gender. Method: Symptoms were assessed through the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelhman (SNAP-IV)…

  12. The Impact of the Perspectives of Teachers and Parents on the Literacy Media Selections for Independent Study of Students Who Are Visually Impaired (United States)

    Argyropoulos, Vassilios S.; Sideridis, Georgios D.; Katsoulis, Philippos


    This study explored the choices of literacy media for independent study of students with visual impairments. The predictors that were taken into account were teachers' use of technology, experience in teaching, and mastery of braille and the knowledge of braille of students, parents, and close friends.

  13. A Comparative Case Study: Opinions of Ministry of Education, Teachers, Parents, and Managers of Union about Education Reforms in North Cyprus (United States)

    Dagli, Gokmen


    This research aimed to evaluate the opinions of Ministry of Education, teachers, parents, and unions regarding to the main problems of education in North Cyprus in order to contribute for the development of education system of the North Cyprus. It was also believed that this research could make a greater contribution to the comprehension of the…

  14. (Re)Considering Normal: Queering Social Norms for Parents and Teachers (United States)

    Bower, Laura; Klecka, Cari


    Recent debates regarding same-sex marriage and gay and lesbian adoption highlight the role of schools as sociopolitical institutions. Accordingly, teachers operating within social norms have considerable influence through their interactions with students and their families. Previous research points to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT)…

  15. Adaptive Behavior of Preschool Children with Developmental Delays: Parent versus Teacher Ratings. (United States)

    Shaw, Jessie G.; And Others


    This study compared mothers' and teachers' ratings of adaptive behavior of 20 children (ages 24-38 months) with developmental delays in an early childhood education program, to determine whether their observations differed. Results are analyzed in terms of child's age, gender, and length of time spent in the program. (Author/JDD)

  16. Learning Disabilities: What Are They? Helping Teachers and Parents Understand the Characteristics (United States)

    Cimera, Robert Evert


    "Specific Learning Disability" is by far the largest category of conditions served in special education. Unfortunately, few parents (and educators) really understand what learning disabilities are. Many erroneously believe it is a "politically correct" term for "mildly mentally retarded" or "dull normal." Further, while most laypeople have heard…

  17. Sixth Graders' Conflict Resolution in Role Plays with a Peer, Parent, and Teacher (United States)

    Borbely, Christina J.; Graber, Julia A.; Nichols, Tracy; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Botvin, Gilbert J.


    This study used conflict resolution role play vignettes and self-report surveys of 450 New York City 6th graders to examine associations between adolescents' conflict resolution efficacy and social skills. Vignettes covered 3 social contexts, conflict with a peer (disagreement over activities), with a parent (raise in allowance), and with a…

  18. K-12 Students, Teachers, Parents, Administrators and Higher Education Faculty: Partners Helping Rural Disadvantaged Students Stay on the Pathway to a Geoscience Career (United States)

    Slattery, W.; Antonucci, C.; Myers, R. J.


    The National Science Foundation funded project K-12 Students, Teachers, Parents, Administrators and Higher Education Faculty: Partners Helping Rural Disadvantaged Students Stay on the Pathway to a Geoscience Career is a research-based proof of concept track 1 pilot project that tests the effectiveness of an innovative model for simultaneous K-12 teacher professional development, student learning and workforce development. The project builds a network of science experiences designed to keep eighth and ninth grade students from the Ripley, Union, Lewis, Huntington (RULH) Ohio school district on the path to a geoscience career. During each summer of the ongoing two-year project teams of RULH students, parents, teachers, administrators and college faculty traveled to the facilities of the New Jersey Sea Grant Consortium at Sandy Hook, New Jersey to study science from an Earth system perspective. Teachers had the opportunity to engage in professional development alongside their students. Parents participated in the science activities alongside their children. Administrators interacted with students, parents and their teachers and saw them all learning science in an engaging, collaborative setting. During the first academic year of the project professional development was provided to RULH teachers by a team of university scientists and geoscience educators from the Earth System Science Education Alliance (ESSEA), a National Science Foundation funded project. Teachers selected for professional development were from science disciplines, mathematics, language arts and civics. The teachers selected, taught and assessed ESSEA Earth system science modules to all eighth and ninth grade students, not just those that were selected to go on the summer trips to New Jersey. In addition, all ninth grade RULH students had the opportunity to take a course that includes Earth system science concepts that will earn them both high school and college science credits. Professional development will continue through the 2013-2014 academic year. Formative assessment of the ongoing project indicates that students, teachers, parents and school administrators rank their experiences highly and that students are motivated to continue on the path to geoscience careers.

  19. Clinician-rated mental health in outpatient child and adolescent mental health services: associations with parent, teacher and adolescent ratings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kvernmo Siv


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinician-rated measures are used extensively in child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS. The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA is a short clinician-rated measure developed for ordinary clinical practice, with increasing use internationally. Several studies have investigated its psychometric properties, but there are few data on its correspondence with other methods, rated by other informants. We compared the HoNOSCA with the well-established Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA questionnaires: the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL, the Teacher's Report Form (TRF, and the Youth Self-Report (YSR. Methods Data on 153 patients aged 6-17 years at seven outpatient CAMHS clinics in Norway were analysed. Clinicians completed the HoNOSCA, whereas parents, teachers, and adolescents filled in the ASEBA forms. HoNOSCA total score and nine of its scales were compared with similar ASEBA scales. With a multiple regression model, we investigated how the ASEBA ratings predicted the clinician-rated HoNOSCA and whether the different informants' scores made any unique contribution to the prediction of the HoNOSCA scales. Results We found moderate correlations between the total problems rated by the clinicians (HoNOSCA and by the other informants (ASEBA and good correspondence between eight of the nine HoNOSCA scales and the similar ASEBA scales. The exception was HoNOSCA scale 8 psychosomatic symptoms compared with the ASEBA somatic problems scale. In the regression analyses, the CBCL and TRF total problems scores together explained 27% of the variance in the HoNOSCA total scores (23% for the age group 11-17 years, also including the YSR. The CBCL provided unique information for the prediction of the HoNOSCA total score, HoNOSCA scale 1 aggressive behaviour, HoNOSCA scale 2 overactivity or attention problems, HoNOSCA scale 9 emotional symptoms, and HoNOSCA scale 10 peer problems; the TRF for all these except HoNOSCA scale 9 emotional symptoms; and the YSR for HoNOSCA scale 9 emotional symptoms only. Conclusion This study supports the concurrent validity of the HoNOSCA. It also demonstrates that parents, teachers and adolescents all contribute unique information in relation to the clinician-rated HoNOSCA, indicating that the HoNOSCA ratings reflect unique perspectives from multiple informants.

  20. How Teachers and Parents Can Help Elementary School Students with Math LD (United States)

    Daniel B. Berch, Ph.D.


    This brief article by Dr. Berch provides some suggestions for parents who may be noticing that their child is struggling with early mathematics. The article contains links to other articles that may be of assistance with engaging your child in early math activities at home. There is also a related resource, "Math LD: Identifying Basic Number Processing Difficulties" by Dr. Berch, that is cataloged separately in our database and provides a more indepth look at what math learning disabilities may look like.

  1. Chief Information Officer: Schools Need Qualified Librarians To Manage the Accelerating Crush of Knowledge and Technology, Says Library Guru Mike Eisenberg. Interview. (United States)

    Eisenberg, Mike; Barton, Rhonda


    In this interview, a leading expert in school librarianship discusses the school librarian's role in creating students who are effective users of information. The importance of information technology to information management is described, as are strategies librarians can use to collaborate with teachers and administrators. He describes how…

  2. The personal librarian enhancing the student experience

    CERN Document Server

    Moniz, Richard


    Enter the Personal Librarian, a flexible concept that focuses on customizing information literacy by establishing a one-on-one relationship between librarian and student from enrollment through graduation

  3. New Roles: A Librarian by Any Name. (United States)

    Braun, Linda W.


    Considers the new roles of librarians that have evolved from changes in technology. Discusses new job titles for librarians; changes in bibliographic instruction; training the trainers; virtual branch libraries; teamwork and collaboration; changes in organizational structures; and outsourcing options. (LRW)

  4. Recruiting the Next Generation of School Librarians (United States)

    Bishop, Kay; Janczak, Sue


    In 2003 at the American Association of School Librarians (AASL) 11th National Conference in Kansas City, the AASL Task Force on Recruitment for the Profession noted that 68 percent of school librarians will retire by the year 2015. They also reported extremely severe shortages of school librarians in ten states and severe shortages in 30 states…

  5. Edmodo: A Great Tool for School Librarians (United States)

    Holzweiss, Kristina


    School librarians are in a profession where it is easy to be isolated. Often, school districts have only one certified librarian and school librarians must create ways to connect with one another and with other educators. Social media opportunities such as Facebook, LinkedIn, blogs, wikis, and nings are powerful ways of staying connected on a…

  6. MOOCs: The Challenges for Academic Librarians (United States)

    Barnes, Cameron


    Over the next few years, librarians at many Australian universities will participate in the creation of local Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). This article aims to prepare librarians for this task. It begins by summarising the development of the MOOC concept and then moves on to review the growing literature on MOOCs and librarians. It…

  7. How to thrive as a solo librarian

    CERN Document Server

    Smallwood, Carol


    How to Thrive as a Solo Librarian is a compilation of chapters by librarians offering advice to colleagues who must work alone or with very limited help. The contributors come from schools and colleges, special and corporate archives, public libraries, and seasoned LIS faculty across the United States and abroad who are familiar with the vigor, dedication, and creativity necessary for solo librarians.

  8. The validity, reliability and normative scores of the parent, teacher and self report versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coghill David


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ has become one of the most widely used measurement tools in child and adolescent mental health work across the globe. The SDQ was originally developed and validated within the UK and whilst its reliability and validity have been replicated in several countries important cross cultural issues have been raised. We describe normative data, reliability and validity of the Chinese translation of the SDQ (parent, teacher and self report versions in a large group of children from Shanghai. Methods The SDQ was administered to the parents and teachers of students from 12 of Shanghai's 19 districts, aged between 3 and 17 years old, and to those young people aged between 11 and 17 years. Retest data was collected from parents and teachers for 45 students six weeks later. Data was analysed to describe normative scores, bandings and cut-offs for normal, borderline and abnormal scores. Reliability was assessed from analyses of internal consistency, inter-rater agreement, and temporal stability. Structural validity, convergent and discriminant validity were assessed. Results Full parent and teacher data was available for 1965 subjects and self report data for 690 subjects. Normative data for this Chinese urban population with bandings and cut-offs for borderline and abnormal scores are described. Principle components analysis indicates partial agreement with the original five factored subscale structure however this appears to hold more strongly for the Prosocial Behaviour, Hyperactivity – Inattention and Emotional Symptoms subscales than for Conduct Problems and Peer Problems. Internal consistency as measured by Cronbach's ? coefficient were generally low ranging between 0.30 and 0.83 with only parent and teacher Hyperactivity – Inattention and teacher Prosocial Behaviour subscales having ? > 0.7. Inter-rater correlations were similar to those reported previously (range 0.23 – 0.49 whilst test retest reliability was generally lower than would be expected (range 0.40 – 0.79. Convergent and discriminant validity are supported. Conclusion We report mixed findings with respect the psychometric properties of the Chinese translation of the SDQ. Reliability is a particular concern particularly for Peer Problems and self ratings by adolescents. There is good support for convergent validity but only partial support for structural validity. It may be possible to resolve some of these issues by carefully examining the wording and meaning of some of the current questions.

  9. Academic Librarians in the Breach (United States)

    Aby, Steve


    This article discusses the short- and long-term challenges of academic librarians in an increasingly hostile environment, and the ways in which these challenges reflect the broader struggles of faculty and professionals. What they are experiencing across the country--in the context of corporatization, the elimination of collective bargaining, and…

  10. School Librarians: Vital Educational Leaders (United States)

    Martineau, Pamela


    In the new millennium, school librarians are more likely to be found sitting behind a computer as they update the library web page or create a wiki on genetically modified organisms. Or they might be seen in the library computer lab as they lead students through tutorials on annotated bibliographies or Google docs. If adequately supported, school…

  11. Technostress and the Reference Librarian. (United States)

    Kupersmith, John


    Defines "technostress" as the stress experienced by reference librarians who must constantly deal with the demands of new information technology and the changes they produce in the work place. Discussion includes suggested ways in which both organizations and individuals can work to reduce stress. (27 references) (LAE)

  12. Inclusão escolar de crianças com deficiência múltipla: concepções de pais e professores Scholar inclusion of multiple deficiency children: parents and teachers conceptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Furtado Silveira


    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo identificar as concepções dos pais e dos professores de crianças com deficiência múltipla sobre a inclusão escolar e social dessas crianças. Participaram deste estudo 10 famílias (sete casais e três mães e 10 professoras de crianças deficientes múltiplas, atendidas pelo Programa de Atendimento a Deficientes Múltiplos da Secretaria do Estado de Educação do Distrito Federal. Utilizaram-se entrevistas semi-estruturadas com os pais e os professores e observações no ambiente escolar. Os resultados indicaram que os pais percebem a deficiência do filho como algo que acarreta grande sofrimento e que traz comprometimentos sociais, principalmente relacionados ao trabalho. Os pais e os professores acreditam não ser possível a inclusão escolar dessas crianças, por conceberem o desenvolvimento delas como inexistente e por considerarem a escola de ensino regular despreparada para recebê-las.This research aimed at identifying the conceptions of parents and teachers of children with multiple deficiencies, regarding their scholar and social inclusion. Ten families (seven couples and three mothers as well as 10 teachers of multiple deficiency children participated in this research; these children are attended by the Program of Attendance to Multiple Deficient of the State Secretary of Education of the Federal District - SEDF. Half-structured interviews were made with parents and teachers and also observation of the scholar environment. The results indicated that parents are aware of their children's deficiency as something that brings great suffering and social limitations, specially related to work. Parents and teachers believe that the scholar inclusion of these children is not possible, for conceiving their development as inexistent and for considering the regular teaching school unprepared to receive them.

  13. Schools as institutions for peace in Northern Ireland: pupils’, parents’ and teachers’ perspectives on the community relations dimension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ron Smith


    Full Text Available Abstract: The aim of the research reported in this paper is to inform the processes of school improvement for better intercommunal relations in Northern Ireland. Notwithstanding the present peace process, the quality of community relations remains a crucial concern for those interested in long-term stability. The research strategy drew on data from nine case study schools and was considered to be part of an interpretist-constructivist paradigm involving an inductive or grounded theory approach to analysis. The views of pupils, parents and teachers on the contribution of schooling towards improved inter-group relationships were explored in some depth and the wealth of rich data shed light on school practices and key institutional factors implicated in effectiveness and improvement. Nineteen themes were identified which appeared not to be discrete or self-contained but interact in complex ways creating different patterns at different organisational sites. Furthermore, the patterns spun by these factors appeared to vary in nature through relationship with identities such as geographical location, socio-economic status, ethnicity and gender. It is argued that this study contributes towards the existing literatures on school effectiveness and improvement and schooling and sectarianism in Northern Ireland. The results suggested that education for community relations in N. Ireland required an alternative concept of school effectiveness to the received model. The emerging organisational picture was more consistent with sensitivity to context models of effectiveness and improvement. The analysis in the final section was designed to offer some broad pointers for school improvement.

  14. Willingness to use ADHD treatments: a mixed methods study of perceptions by adolescents, parents, health professionals and teachers. (United States)

    Bussing, Regina; Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka; Noguchi, Kenji; Mason, Dana; Mayerson, Gillian; Garvan, Cynthia W


    Little is known about factors that influence willingness to engage in treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). From 2007 to 2008, in the context of a longitudinal study assessing ADHD detection and service use in the United States, we simultaneously elicited ADHD treatment perceptions from four stakeholder groups: adolescents, parents, health care professionals and teachers. We assessed their willingness to use ADHD interventions and views of potential undesirable effects of two pharmacological (short- and long-acting ADHD medications) and three psychosocial (ADHD education, behavior therapy, and counseling) treatments. In multiple regression analysis, willingness was found to be significantly related to respondent type (lower for adolescents than adults), feeling knowledgeable, and considering treatments acceptable and helpful, but not significantly associated with stigma/embarrassment, respondent race, gender and socioeconomic status. Because conceptual models of undesirable effects are underdeveloped, we used grounded theory method to analyze open-ended survey responses to the question: "What other undesirable effects are you concerned about?" We identified general negative treatment perceptions (dislike, burden, perceived ineffectiveness) and specific undesirable effect expectations (physiological and psychological side effects, stigma and future dependence on drugs or therapies) for pharmacological and psychosocial treatments. In summary, findings indicate significant discrepancies between teens' and adults' willingness to use common ADHD interventions, with low teen willingness for any treatments. Results highlight the need to develop better treatment engagement practices for adolescents with ADHD. PMID:22133584

  15. Using a Web-Based Program to Increase Parental Involvement: Teachers' and Administrators' Perceptions (United States)

    del Valle, Grace B.


    Parental involvement is an important factor for improving academic performance. Communication between the school and parents constitutes one of the basic types of parental involvement. Schools struggle to find effective ways to communicate effectively with parents and are recently using technology to facilitate this communication. This qualitative…

  16. Authentic Learning Is Not Just for Students: It's for Librarians, Too! (United States)

    Yukawa, Joyce; Harada, Violet H.


    "Building Inquiry Partnerships" was a yearlong professional development course conducted in 2005-2006. The course emphasized an inquiry approach to learning, improving skills in instructional design, and nurturing librarian-teacher partnerships. This article describes the goals, design, and implementation of the course and summarizes the…

  17. Back to School 1997--CASA National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse III: Teens and Their Parents, Teachers and Principals. Conducted by Luntz Research Companies and QEV Analytics. (United States)

    Columbia Univ., New York, NY. Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse.

    For most middle and high school students in the United States, drug-free schools are not available. To explore the nature of drug problems in the schools, 305 middle school teachers, 484 high school teachers, 401 school principals, 1,115 teens, and 998 parents were surveyed so as to assess their attitudes toward cigarettes, alcohol, and drugs such…

  18. Parental Support in the Development of Young Musicians: A Teacher's Perspective from a Small-Scale Study of Piano Students and Their Parents (United States)

    Margiotta, Mimia


    This article focuses on the influence of parental support and interactions on the young musicians' learning processes. In an attempt to corroborate the findings of the wider research, a case-study has been carried out comprising observations of 34 parents and 34 piano students taught by the author in three different locations (private studio,…

  19. Implementing the Critical Friend Method for Peer Feedback among Teaching Librarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yvonne Hultman Özek


    Full Text Available Objective – The role of the academic librarian has become increasingly educative innature. In this study, the critical friend method was introduced among teachinglibrarians in an academic setting of medicine and health sciences to ascertainwhether this approach could be implemented for feedback on teaching of theselibrarians as part of their professional development.Methods – We used a single intrinsic case study. Seven teaching librarians and one educator from the faculty of medicine participated, and they all provided and received feedback. These eight teachers worked in pairs, and each of them gave at least one lecture or seminar during the study period. The performance of one teacher and the associated classroom activities were observed by the critical friend and then evaluated and discussed. The outcome and effects of critical friendship were assessed by use of a questionnaire.Results – The present results suggest that use of the critical friend method among teaching academic librarians can have a positive impact by achieving the following: strengthening shared values concerning teaching issues; promoting self-reflection, which can improve teaching; facilitating communication with colleagues; and reducing the sense of “loneliness” in teaching. This conclusion is also supported by the findings of previous studies.Conclusion – The critical friend method described in this study can easily be implemented and developed among teaching librarians, provided that there is support from the organization. This will benefit the individual teaching librarian, as well as the organization at large.

  20. The Methodology of Ascertaining the Information Needs of a Particular Business Organization: The Special Librarian. (United States)

    Waggoner, Phyllis A.

    The prime function of a special library is the correlation of all aspects of patron needs, coupled with extensive knowledge of the parent organization. Business librarians should be alert to their role as facilitators, and routing sheets are an example of internally generated information distribution. Feedback from employees can also provide the…

  1. Assessing Vocational Development in Prospective School Librarians. A Review of: Jones, S. (2010. The occupational choice of school librarians. Library Trends, 59(1-2, 166-187.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayle Bogel


    Full Text Available Objective – To explore the motivations for choosing school librarianship as a career.Design – Narrative research, qualitative interviews.Setting – The School Media program specialization in a Master of Library Science program at a large research university.Subjects – Five graduate school students seeking initial certification as school library media specialists.Methods – The researcher employed narrative research, based on career construction theory and the Life Story Interview, (McAdams, 1995. This methodology is a set of loosely-structured, open-ended questions designed to encourage detailed, in-depth responses from the participant teller, combined with a more structured Career Style Interview (Savickas, 2005 designed to elicit self-defining stories.Data was collected through qualitative interviews, using personal narrative interviews that focused on the entire life of each person from birth to present (Life Story Interviews and additional questions in an interview format (Career Style Interview.Data was collected and analyzed in two stages. The analysis first examined participants as individuals then tried to identify commonalities among the stories. Each life story was examined to determine a career style on the basis of vocational personality, career adaptability and life theme. The interview data was then analyzed for thematic connections and occupational choice. Main Results – The final analysis identified the following themes as relevant to the study, and to the career choices of graduate students planning to be school librarians: parental expectations; career changers; librarian mentors; prior library work experiences; reading; library experiences; altruism-service; desire to work with children; financial stability and security; flexibility of work schedule; emotional distance; and vocational personality.In general, the participants appear to value safe, traditional career choices that allow them to put family first and maintain a flexible work schedule, while also providing financial stability and security. Those who are already teachers noted interest in a job that provides relief and emotional distance from the everyday social problems of students. All five noted the “love of reading” as a motivation for choosing this career path.The vocational personality of each subject was determined through interpreting their answers on the Career Interest Surveys, using Holland Occupational Theme RIASEC codes: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. The vocational personality of all five students did not match the predominant code for school librarians. None exhibited a resemblance to the “enterprising” type, the most prominent personality for successful school librarians. All five did exhibit “artistic” vocational personality, and the researcher notes that this may be an explanation for the choice of librarianship as a second career, as artistic types take longer to find a compatible career match. The researcher also notes that the final code is a “best estimate” for each subject. Conclusion – Examining the vocational development of the five graduate students through vocational personality, career adaption and life theme afforded a broader viewpoint than traditional survey studies. The determining of vocational personality type may be helpful to recruitment efforts to the profession, and help make the career choice more visible.

  2. Medical librarian 2.0. (United States)

    Connor, Elizabeth


    Web 2.0 refers to an emerging social environment that uses various tools to create, aggregate, and share dynamic content in ways that are more creative and interactive than transactions previously conducted on the Internet. The extension of this social environment to libraries, sometimes called Library 2.0, has profound implications for how librarians will work, collaborate, and deliver content. Medical librarians can connect with present and future generations of users by learning more about the social dynamics of Web 2.0's vast ecosystem, and incorporating some of its interactive tools and technologies (tagging, peer production, and syndication) into routine library practice. doi: 10.1300/J115v26n01_01. PMID:17210545

  3. More than teacher directed or child initiated: Preschool curriculum type, parent involvement, and children's outcomes in the child-parent centers.


    Elizabeth Graue; Clements, Melissa A.; Reynolds, Arthur J.; Niles, Michael D.


    This study investigated the contributions of curriculum approach and parent involvement to the short- and long-term effects of preschool participation in the Title I Chicago Child-Parent Centers. Data came from the complete cohort of 989 low-income children (93% African American) in the Chicago Longitudinal Study, who attended preschool in the 20 Child-Parent Centers in 1983-1985 and kindergarten in 1985-1986. We found that implementation of an instructional approach rated high by Head Teache...

  4. Teachers and the School Resource Centre (United States)

    Blair, Shirley


    Factors affecting teacher use of the resource center are identified as: (1) cooperative curriculum planning; (2) in-service programs; (3) school instructional programs; (4) attributes of the teacher-librarian; (5) administrative policies; (6) physical facilities; (7) teacher attitudes, background and interests; and, (8) cooperative selection and…


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basavaraja, M. T


    Full Text Available The present study is aims to understanding the Ask A Librarian service. There are many institutions are providing varioustypes of web based services to their users to meet the desired goals. The web based services are such as OPAC, Ask ALibrarian,Gateways, Portals, Subject Portals, Electronic Journals, Online Databases. This study is mainly deals with understanding the AskA Librarian service, types, benefits and role of librarians promoting ask a librarian service.



    Basavaraja, M. T.; Shivakumara, S. U.


    The present study is aims to understanding the Ask A Librarian service. There are many institutions are providing varioustypes of web based services to their users to meet the desired goals. The web based services are such as OPAC, Ask ALibrarian,Gateways, Portals, Subject Portals, Electronic Journals, Online Databases. This study is mainly deals with understanding the AskA Librarian service, types, benefits and role of librarians promoting ask a librarian service.

  7. Comportamiento Socialmente Responsable en Profesores y Facilitación de la Participación de los Apoderados en el Proceso Enseñanza-Aprendizaje / Teachers' Social Responsible Behavior and the Facilitation of the Parents Involvement in Their Children's Teaching-Learning Process

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gracia, Navarro; Cristhian, Pérez; Angélica, González; Olga, Mora; Jorge, Jiménez.


    Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Con el fin de describir la autoatribución de conductas e intenciones socialmente responsables en profesores de enseñanza básica y su relación con el grado en que los padres los perciben como facilitadores de su participación en el proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje de sus hijos, se encuestó a 32 profesor [...] es y 628 apoderados. Para esto se aplicó el Cuestionario de Autoatribución de Comportamientos Socialmente Responsables (CSRp) a los profesores y una encuesta de percepción del profesor a los padres. Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas en ambas escalas del CSRp, los que apuntarían a la importancia de relaciones horizontales e intenciones colectivistas para facilitar participación de los padres. Abstract in english The aim of the present study is to describe the primary school teachers' social responsible behavior self-atribution, and its relation with the teachers' perceived facilitation level of parents involvement in their children's teaching-learning process. The Social Responsible Behavior Self-atribution [...] Survey (CSRp) were applied to 32 teachers and a Parents' Perception of Teachers Survey were used with 628 parents. Significant differences in the parents perception were found associated with the both scales of the CSRp. The resulting outcomes suggests the importance of a teacher-parent's horizontal relations and collectives intentions to facilitate the parents involvement.

  8. Comportamiento Socialmente Responsable en Profesores y Facilitación de la Participación de los Apoderados en el Proceso Enseñanza-Aprendizaje Teachers' Social Responsible Behavior and the Facilitation of the Parents Involvement in Their Children's Teaching-Learning Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gracia Navarro


    Full Text Available Con el fin de describir la autoatribución de conductas e intenciones socialmente responsables en profesores de enseñanza básica y su relación con el grado en que los padres los perciben como facilitadores de su participación en el proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje de sus hijos, se encuestó a 32 profesores y 628 apoderados. Para esto se aplicó el Cuestionario de Autoatribución de Comportamientos Socialmente Responsables (CSRp a los profesores y una encuesta de percepción del profesor a los padres. Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas en ambas escalas del CSRp, los que apuntarían a la importancia de relaciones horizontales e intenciones colectivistas para facilitar participación de los padres.The aim of the present study is to describe the primary school teachers' social responsible behavior self-atribution, and its relation with the teachers' perceived facilitation level of parents involvement in their children's teaching-learning process. The Social Responsible Behavior Self-atribution Survey (CSRp were applied to 32 teachers and a Parents' Perception of Teachers Survey were used with 628 parents. Significant differences in the parents perception were found associated with the both scales of the CSRp. The resulting outcomes suggests the importance of a teacher-parent's horizontal relations and collectives intentions to facilitate the parents involvement.

  9. The State and Level of Involvement among Jordanian Kindergarten Parents and Its Relationship to Teachers' Efforts of Outreach (United States)

    Fayez, Merfat; Sabah, Saed A.; Rudwan, Enaam Abu


    This study explored both the school- and home-based involvement practices of parents of children attending kindergarten in the city of Zarqa, Jordan. The study also examined the effect of some selected parental demographic variables (i.e. socioeconomic levels and levels of education) on parent involvement and the relationship between kindergarten…

  10. 1. The Data Librarian: laboratories today—the need for the Librarian


    Liscouski, Joe


    This first part of ‘The Data Librarian’ describes the current situation in analytical laboratories and the need for the Data Librarian. The second part of the paper (Liscouski, J., 1997, Journal of Automatic Chemistry, 19, 199-204) will examine the features of the Data Librarian.

  11. Accidental Government Documents Librarian: A Review of Experiences and Training Needs of Interim Documents Librarians (United States)

    Yelinek, Kathryn; Hinchcliff, Marilou


    The results of a survey to determine the training needs and normative experiences of temporary government documents librarians are presented. The results indicate that temporary librarians tend to work in academia, have been in librarianship for a shorter time period, and have fewer technical processing skills than permanent documents librarians.…

  12. Perceptions of Teachers, Students and Parents of the Characteristics of Good Teachers: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of China and the United States (United States)

    Liu, Shujie; Meng, Lingqi


    Since the 1920's many researchers have conducted studies exploring the qualities of good teachers. However, a limited number of empirical studies have been conducted in the People's Republic of China (hereafter called China). The current study has two objectives. The first one aims to compare a good teacher's characteristics in China and the USA.…

  13. The Scholarship of Canadian Research University Librarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Fox


    Full Text Available This paper reports the results of a national survey of Canadian research university librarians conducted by the author in 2006. The study deals with the motivation of librarians to engage in scholarly activities, the requirement for scholarship by librarians at Canadian research universities, the perceived importance of scholarship as a criterion for promotion and tenure, levels and forms of participation in scholarship, and librarians’ assessment of various types of support for scholarship. The study concluded that 13% of the sample population could be considered active scholars, and suggests that there may be a correlation between level of scholarly intensity and gender. The paper concludes with questions for further study.

  14. Nivel de Conocimiento sobre Pasta Dental Fluorada en Padres y Profesores de Preescolares / Level of Knowledge about Fluoride Toothpaste in Parents and Teachers from Preschool Children

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Manuel Antonio, Mattos-Vela; Milagros Bertha, Carrasco-Loyola; Suelen Giuliana, Valdivia-Pacheco.

    Full Text Available : El objetivo del estudio fue determinar el nivel de conocimiento sobre pasta dental fluorada según la fuente de información sobre flúor en padres y profesores de preescolares. Se aplicó un cuestionario a una muestra representativa de padres y a todos los profesores de preescolares de instituciones [...] educativas iniciales estatales del distrito de la Molina, Lima, Perú. El nivel de conocimiento se categorizó en tres niveles: bajo (0-2 puntos), medio (3-5 puntos) y alto (67 puntos). Se utilizó tablas de distribución de frecuencias para el análisis univariado y las pruebas chi cuadrado y exacta de Fisher para el análisis bivariado. El nivel de conocimiento sobre pasta dental fluorada más frecuente fue el nivel medio tanto en los padres (n=68, 45 %) como en los profesores (n=52, 58,4 %). El ítem: el cepillado de dientes con pasta dental con flúor puede curar la caries inicial, presentó el menor número de aciertos en su respuesta con 50 (33,1 %) y 19 (21,4 %) padres y profesores respectivamente. Cuando se relacionó el nivel de conocimiento con las fuentes de información sobre flúor se encontró que en el caso de los padres, la charla educativa (p=0,014) y el dentista (p=0,003) estaban asociados, mientras que en el caso de los profesores, solo se halló asociación estadísticamente significativa con la charla educativa (p=0,013). El nivel predominante de conocimientos sobre pasta fluorada en los padres y profesores fue el nivel medio y estuvo asociada al dentista y la charla educativa como fuentes principales de información. Abstract in english The study aimed to determine the level of knowledge about fluoride toothpaste based on the fluoride source for parents and teachers from preschool children. A questionnaire was applied in a representative sample of parents and all teachers working at preschool educational state institutions in the M [...] olina district, Lima, Perú. The level of knowledge was classified into three levels: low (0-2 points), medium (3-5 points) and high (6-7 points). We used frequency distribution tables for the univariate analisys, the chi square test and Fisher exact test for the bivariate analisys. The most frequent level of knowledge about fluoride toothpaste was medium level in both, parents (n = 68, 45%) and teachers (n = 52, 58.4%). The item: brushing teeth with fluoride toothpaste can cure the initial decay, obtained (had) the lowest number of correct response 50 (33.1%) and 19 (21.4%) parents and teachers respectively. It was found that the level of knowledge related to sources of information about fluoride is in the case of parents, educational talk (p = 0.014) and the dentist (p = 0.003) were associated, whereas in the case of teachers, only statistically significant association was found with the educational talk (p = 0.013). The higher level of knowledge about fluoride toothpaste on parents and teachers was the middle level and was associated with the dentist and educational talk as major sources of information.

  15. Social competence in children with IDDM and asthma: child, teacher, and parent reports of children's social adjustment, social performance, and social skills. (United States)

    Nassau, J H; Drotar, D


    Used Cavell's (1990) model of childhood social competence to compare the social competence in peer relations of 25 children (ages 8-10 years) with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), 19 children with asthma, and 24 physically healthy children. Children were individually matched for economic status, race, gender, and age. Children, their parents, and their teachers completed measures of children's social adjustment, social performance, and social skills in peer relations. Contrary to hypotheses, no differences between the groups of children were noted on any of the measures of social competence. Results are discussed in terms of the resiliency of children's social competence to these chronic conditions. PMID:7760219

  16. Librarians' Attitudes towards Marketing Library Services (United States)

    Aharony, Noa


    This research set out to explore the attitudes of school, academic and public librarians towards marketing libraries. The main question that was examined is whether personality characteristics such as empowerment, extroversion and resistance to change influence librarians' attitudes towards the marketing of libraries. One hundred and fifty-six…

  17. Academic Librarians: Status, Privileges, and Rights (United States)

    Vix, Heidi M.; Buckman, Kathie M.


    Three surveys from the College and University Library Division (CULD) of the Arkansas Library Association (ArLA) from the past six years representing forty-four academic institutions were studied to determine the number of students per librarian on campus, salary, faculty status, contract-length, and maternity/paternity leave for librarians.…

  18. Exploring the Stressors of New Librarians (United States)

    Larrivee, Anne


    This article describes the different stressors and anxieties facing new librarians. It also addresses the various ways that new librarians can cope with location, emotional, and work-related stressors. The article is broken into four different categories of stress; some stressors have been more explored than others. The research is based on an…

  19. Librarians' Occupational Stereotype: Will It Ever Change? (United States)

    David, Indra M.

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the vocational interests and personality patterns of today's academic librarians are more like the traditional stereotype (i.e., that librarians are conventional, conservative, rigid types) or are beginning to change due to the changing nature of the profession and its work environment. To…

  20. Librarian's guide to online searching

    CERN Document Server

    Bell, Suzanne S


    This is the third edition of one of the breakthrough books in the field of library and information science. No other text before it, or since, has provided such relevant, timely, and practical techniques for online research.Librarian's Guide to Online Searching, Third Edition explores the fundamentals of online searching, including database structure, searching tips, and plenty of exercises and questions for practice. This guide includes representative databases covering social sciences, science and medicine, bibliographic, humanities, and numerical data. The revised and updated edition of thi

  1. Increasing Parental Involvement in Our Schools: The Need to Overcome Obstacles, Promote Critical Behaviors, and Provide Teacher Training (United States)

    Flynn, Gregory V.


    An ever growing body of research indicates that parental involvement is a key factor in the success of children in school. Studies have shown that children whose parents take an active interest in their education benefit in a number of ways. These children generally have higher academic achievement, better attendance, a sense of well-being, a…

  2. Parent Involvement in Inclusive Primary Schools in New Zealand: Implications for Improving Practice and for Teacher Education (United States)

    Hornby, Garry; Witte, Chrystal


    A critical factor in the success of inclusive schools is effective parent involvement in the education of children with special educational needs. This article reports the results of a survey of the practice of parent involvement in inclusive primary schools in a large city in New Zealand. Interviews were conducted with 21 primary school…

  3. Bibliographic Instruction: The Views of Academic, Special, and Public Librarians. (United States)

    Harris, Roma M.


    This survey of 288 academic, public, and special librarians in Canada examined attitudes toward the role of bibliographic instruction in reference service. Results indicated that academic librarians stress instruction, special librarians stress information delivery, and public librarians fall between the two positions. It was found that…

  4. The Graying of Academic Librarians: Crisis or Revolution? (United States)

    Edge, John; Green, Ravonne


    This article analyzes the aging of academic librarians and the potential shortage of librarians to replace those who are retiring. Recent statistics indicate that the exodus of retiring librarians may not be as severe as predicted several years ago. Recent articles show potential benefits as new librarians enter the workforce in large numbers to…

  5. The role of a school librarian in introducing students to research work in high school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majda Steinbuch


    Full Text Available One of the final goals of high school education is to prepare students to be able to master independently written form of expression. Therefore, during all four years of schooling, they are introduced to the contents required for independent research work.In this process, school librarian has an important role. With the curriculum of library and information skills (LIS, the school library participates in different phases of the research process from first year of high school on, helping students and mentors find themes for their research, retrieve, select, use and evaluate information sources, as well as with citing, bibliography and presentation. The librarian as the expert for retrieving and organization is a co-mentor of research work, together with teachers who are professionals in their respective professional fields. Because of special information needs, the librarian cooperates with other libraries, takes care of interlibrary loan and organizes a local collection of graduate and other research works making them freely accesible.The article presents different forms of research work of students on the case of Maribor High School II, some of them regular and obligatory in the education process and some of them chosen freely, and the role of librarian as an intermediate element in this process.The article also presents the opinions of teachers on research work in school and the role of schoollibrary and schoollibrarians in this process.

  6. Rational emotive behavior therapy: applications for working with parents and teachers / Terapia relacional-emotiva comportamental: aplicações com pais e professores

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mark D., Terjesen; Robyn, Kurasaki.


    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Considerando os índices elevados de estresse emocional entre pais e professores, a abordagem Terapia Racional-Emotiva Comportamental parece ser uma estratégia útil na promoção de um funcionamento mais eficaz entre pais e professores e para aumentar o comportamento positivo e a aprendizagem da crianç [...] a. O modelo Terapia Racional-Emotiva Comportamental pode ser útil para os clínicos que trabalham com os pais e as famílias, identificando e posteriormente alterando as suas idéias não saudáveis, aprimorando o funcionamento emocional, e aumentando a capacidade de tomar decisões mais eficazes sobre o gerenciamento comportamental. Além disso, quem trabalha com educadores no contexto escolar talvez deseje levar em conta a implementação da metodologia Terapia Racional-Emotiva Comportamental nas suas intervenções clínicas e terapêuticas. A partir dos dados que associam o stress com os pensamentos pouco saudáveis entre educadores, a Terapia Racional-Emotiva Comportamental pode ser uma ferramenta eficaz que merece uma mais ampla aplicação. Abstract in english Given the high rates of reported emotional stress among parents and teachers, the Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy approach appears to be a useful strategy to promote more effective parent and teacher emotional functioning and increase child positive behaviors and learning. The Rational Emotive Beh [...] avior Therapy model may be helpful for clinicians who work with the parents and the family by identifying and subsequently changing their unhealthy ideas, enhancing emotional functioning, and increasing their ability to make effective behavior management decisions. In addition, those who work with educators in a school-based setting may wish to consider implementing Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy methodology in their consultative and therapeutic interventions. Given the data that links stress to unhealthy beliefs among educators, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy may be an effective tool that warrants further application.

  7. New directions for academic liaison librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Crawford, Alice


    Aimed at practitioners and students of librarianship, this book is about interesting and unusual practical projects currently being run by academic liaison librarians. It shows how liaison librarians can extend their roles beyond the established one of information literacy teaching and showcases areas in which they can engage in collaborative ventures with academic and administrative staff. Designed to excite and inspire, New Directions for Academic Liaison Librarians demonstrates the potential of the liaison role and emphasises the need for flexibility, imagination and initiative in those who

  8. Balancing the books accounting for librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Kirk, Rachel A


    Balancing the Books: Accounting for Librarians fills the gap that exists in literature on library acquisitions accounting. By covering essential accounting concepts, budgeting, government regulations that pertain to libraries, as well as accounting measur

  9. What do Data Services Librarians Do?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine R. Martin


    Full Text Available JESLIB Editor Elaine R. Martin introduces the articles in Volume 1, Issue 3 and discusses how these papers demonstrate many of the data services librarians can offer to the research community.

  10. Validez Social de la Intervención en Adolescentes con Fobia Social: Padres frente a Profesores / Social Validity of Adolescent Intervention in Social Phobia: Parents vs. Teachers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    P. J., Olivares-Olivares; A. I., Rosa-Alcázar; J., Olivares-Rodríguez.


    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de un estudio llevado a cabo en un contexto comunitario con adolescentes espa­ñoles que presentan fobia social generalizada. El principal objetivo de esta investigación es analizar si los datos aportados por diferentes agentes de información (adolescentes, sus padres y pr [...] ofesores), mediante la versión creada para ello de esta escala (SAS-A total, SAS-A Padres y SAS-A Profesores), coinciden en la percepción de la mejora, atendiendo al tipo de tratamiento recibido, con el fin de analizar la validez social de los cambios. Los cincuenta y nueve sujetos seleccionados, de edades comprendidas entre 14 y 17 años, siendo el 67,8% chicas, fueron asignados al azar a tres condiciones experimentales: Tratamiento psicológico estructurado (cognitivo-conductual), Transmisión de información relativa a la ansiedad en general y a la fobia social en particular y Grupo de control lista de espera. Los resultados muestran que los adolescentes que recibieron tratamiento psicológico estructurado alcanzan mejores resultados en todas las variables medidas y que dichos cambios son percibidos por sus padres y profesores, siendo el grado de concordancia entre estos últimos mayor que entre éstos y los adolescentes Abstract in english The results of a research conducted with adolescents who suffer generalized phobia at a community setting, are presented. The main objective was to analyze if the data from different informants (adolescents, their parents, and teachers) obtained with a scale designed for this purpose (SAS-A complete [...] , SAS-A parents, and SAS-A teachers) were consistent in the improvement perception, in function of the kind of treatment received; aiming at analyzing the social validity of the changes. The 59 participants who were selected had between 14 and 17 years of age (67.8% girls), and were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions: structured behavioral treatment (cognitive-behavioral), transmission of information regarding general anxiety disorders and social phobia in particular, and a control group which remained in waiting list. The results showed that adolescents in the structured behavioral treatment had a better evolution in all the psychological variables that were assessed, and that the changes were perceived by their parents and teachers, being the concordance between the later and the former higher than each of them with the adolescents

  11. Padres, profesores y pares: contribuciones para la autoestima y coping en los adolescentes / Parents, teachers and peers: contributions to self-esteem and coping in adolescents

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Catarina, Pinheiro Mota; Paula, Mena Matos.


    Full Text Available En consonancia con la teoría del apego, la calidad de la relación con figuras significativas juegan un papel clave en el desarrollo psicosocial, contribuyendo, entre otras cosas, para el desarrollo de la autoestima y estrategias de coping. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la contribución di [...] ferencial de variables relacionales (incluidas las relaciones con los padres, pares y profesores) en la predicción de la autoestima y coping en una muestra de 216 adolescentes, entre 14 y 16 años y de ambos sexos. El apego a los padres, las relaciones con los pares y con profesores revelaron diferentes configuraciones de las variables en la explicación de la autoestima y coping. La autoestima es positivamente predicha por la calidad de lazo emocional y negativamente por la inhibición de la exploración y la individualidad en la vinculación a los padres. El coping activo es positivamente predicho por la autoestima y la relación a los pares. Se observó un efecto positivo e indirecto de la calidad del lazo emocional en el coping activo a través de la autoestima y la relación a los pares. La relación con los pares parece ser mejorada por la calidad de la relación con los profesores. Los resultados serán discutidos en función de la teoría del apego y de acuerdo con una perspectiva ecológica del desarrollo. Abstract in english Consistent with attachment theory, the quality of relationships with significant figures plays a vital role in psychosocial development, contributing, among other aspects, to the development of coping and self-esteem. The purpose of this study is to determine the differential contribution of relatio [...] nal variables (namely relationship with parents, peers and teachers) in predicting coping and self-esteem in a sample of 216 adolescents, 14 to 19 aged, from both genders. Parental attachment, relationships with peers and with teachers evidence different configurations in explaining self-esteem and coping variables. Self-esteem is predicted positively by quality of emotional bond and negatively by parental inhibition of exploration and individuality. Active coping is predicted positively by self-esteem and attachment to peers. However there is an indirect and positive effect of quality of emotional bond in active coping, through self-esteem and peers attachment. Relationship with peers is increased by quality of relationship with teachers. Results are discussed according to attachment theory and an ecological perspective of development.

  12. The seven ages of the librarian


    Wingate Gray, Sara


    In today’s 21st century world landscape, riddled with technology, as well as war, attrition, peace, censorship, fragmentation and freedom, there remains a timeless character: The Librarian. This graphic poem explores the protean ‘Librarian’ identity through history, from beginnings to future visions, and is visually inspired by comics and graphic novels. The poem driving the graphic narrative re-works Shakespeare’s “Seven Ages of Man” monologue – here my sonnet explores how the ...

  13. Time and project management strategies for librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Smallwood, Carol; Fraser, Lisa


    As budgets for libraries continue to shrink, the key challenge facing the 21st century librarian is finding how to do more with less. This book features more than thirty essays that provide valuable tips for the professional who must cope with increasing demands upon their resources. Librarians will get tips on how to identify the most important tasks for the library; eliminate non-essential functions and processes; increase reliance on volunteers, interns, and students; optimize daily routines; and more.

  14. Parental Involvement in Norwegian Schools (United States)

    Paulsen, Jan Merok


    This article examines findings on key challenges of school-parent relations in Norway. The review is based on recent large-scale studies on several issues, including formalized school-parent cooperation, parental involvement in the pedagogical discourse, and teacher perspectives on the parents' role in the school community. Findings suggest a…

  15. The Relationships of Adolescent School-Related Deviant Behaviour and Victimization with Psychological Distress: Testing a General Model of the Mediational Role of Parents and Teachers Across Groups of Gender and Age (United States)

    Herrero, Juan; Estevez, Estefania; Musitu, Gonzalo


    Deviant behaviour and victimization at school have been consistently related to poor psychological adjustment in adolescents. This research explores the mediating role that parents and teachers have in adolescent psychological distress in 973 Spanish students aged 11-16 years old. Structural equation analyses results showed that adolescent deviant…

  16. Guiandose por la Intrincada Senda de la Educacion Especial: Una Guia para Padres y Maestros. Tercera Edicion. (Negotiating the Special Education Maze: A Guide for Parents & Teachers. Third Edition). (United States)

    Anderson, Winifred; Chitwood, Stephen; Hayden, Deidre

    Designed to assist Spanish-speaking parents and teachers in understanding special education procedures, this book describes the process for obtaining school services for children with disabilities. An introduction reviews six major provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) that relate to children's rights to a free,…

  17. Analysis of Parent, Teacher, and Consultant Speech Exchanges and Educational Outcomes of Students with Autism during COMPASS Consultation (United States)

    Ruble, Lisa; Birdwhistell, Jessie; Toland, Michael D.; McGrew, John H.


    The significant increase in the numbers of students with autism combined with the need for better trained teachers (National Research Council, 2001) call for research on the effectiveness of alternative methods, such as consultation, that have the potential to improve service delivery. Data from 2 randomized controlled single-blind trials indicate…

  18. Early Adolescent Attachment to Parents, Emotional Problems, and Teacher-Academic Worries about the Middle School Transition (United States)

    Duchesne, Stephane; Ratelle, Catherine F.; Poitras, Sarah-Caroline; Drouin, Evelyne


    This study examines how attachment to mother and father predicts worries about academic demands and relationships with teachers generated by the transition from elementary to middle school through its contribution to adolescents' emotional problems (depression and anxiety). The study sample includes 626 young adolescents (289 boys and 337 girls)…

  19. Normative data and psychometric properties of the parent and teacher versions of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ in an Iranian community sample

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Shahrivar


    Full Text Available

    • BACKGROUND: Strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ is a widely used instrument for screening mental problems in children and adolescents. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and psychometric properties of this questionnaire in comparison with the children behavior checklist (CBCL and psychiatric interview.
    • METHODS: The study was done in two stages. At stage one, 600 children aged between 6 and 12 were evaluated using the parent and teacher versions of SDQ and CBCL. At stage two, 25 children with the scores above the cut point reported by the developer of SDQ and 27 children with the score below this point were selected to be interviewed by a child and adolescent psychiatrist according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV classification and by another clinician using the K-SADS-PL (Schedule or Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children- Present and Lifetime Version as a semi structured interview.
    • RESULTS: The mean scores of SDQ subscales found in this study were comparable to what found in other studies in other countries. The cut-off points of SDQ were almost similar to that of other researches. The internal consistency and concurrent validity of this questionnaire was good.
    • CONCLUSIONS: The current study showed that both parent and teacher versions of SDQ in Persian language can be used as a valid tool in screening the mental problems in children and adolescents.
    • KEYWORDS: SDQ, CBCL, mental problems, children, K-SADS.

  20. Collegial Librarians: The Faculty-Librarian-Student Partnership in Distance Education (United States)

    Carrico, Kent; Neff, Ariel


    Distance librarians working with graduate programs often discover many of their students have specialized information needs and require additional instruction. However, it can be impossible to discover these students without first becoming deeply involved with the program. Librarians at Benedictine University have developed a method for becoming…

  1. "Librarian's Anxiety"? How Community College Librarians Feel about Their Reference Desk Service (United States)

    Powers, Anne


    A survey of community college librarians in California reveals that the nature of reference service required of them, limitations on budget, staffing, technical support, resources, decision-making ability, and professional development opportunities, affect their professional attitudes. Librarians see reference service as primarily a teaching role.…

  2. The Relationship of Electronic Grade Book Access to Student Achievement, Student Attendance, and Parent-Teacher Communication (United States)

    Mathern, Mark S.


    Increasing access to online databases from home has raised the value of computer use for retrieving student achievement information. This study's purpose was to examine the relationship of family use of an electronic reporting mechanism in the home to student achievement, attendance, and home-school communication. Using communication as a parent

  3. The Relevance of Multilingualism for Teachers and Immigrant Parents in Early Childhood Education and Care in Germany and in France (United States)

    Thomauske, Nathalie


    This paper deals with the initial findings from an international research project called "Children Crossing Borders." This study focused on discovering how early childhood education and care (ECEC) systems in five countries (the UK, France, Germany, Italy, and the USA) serve the children of recent immigrants and what parents with diverse…

  4. Student-Led Parent Conferences: How To Launch and Manage Conferences That Get Parents Involved and Improve Student Learning. (United States)

    Picciotto, Linda Pierce

    Student-led parent conferences allow students to gain significant insights about themselves as learners in ways traditional parent-teacher conferences do not. This guide draws on two teachers' experience to help other teachers implement student-led parent conferences that will enhance parent involvement and student learning. Chapter 1, "Why Use…

  5. Middle school girls' STEM education: Using teacher influences, parent encouragement, peer influences, and self efficacy to predict confidence and interest in math and science (United States)

    Rabenberg, Tabetha A.

    Reports are clear that there is an underrepresentation of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers. With the current and predicted future shortage of STEM workforce, it is more important than ever to encourage young women to enter these important fields of study. Using Bronfenbrenner's Bioecological Model, possible predictors of middle school girls' confidence and interest in math and science where explored. The factors in this study included the macrosystems of age and race/ethnicity and the microsystems of self-efficacy, teacher influences, parent encouragement, and peer influences. Sequential regression analysis results revealed that self-efficacy was a significant predictor for confidence in math and science. While, math/science teacher influences and peer influences were significant predictors of interest and confidence in both math and science. Sequential regression analysis also indicated age was a significant predictor of math interest. The results of this study provides information on the systemic connections among the variables and suggestions on how to impact middle school girls' STEM development, thus impacting the future STEM workforce.

  6. Analysis of Parent, Teacher, and Consultant Speech Exchanges and Educational Outcomes of Students With Autism During COMPASS Consultation


    Ruble, Lisa; Birdwhistell, Jessie; Toland, Michael D.; Mcgrew, John H.


    The significant increase in the numbers of students with autism combined with the need for better trained teachers (National Research Council, 2001) call for research on the effectiveness of alternative methods, such as consultation, that have the potential to improve service delivery. Data from 2 randomized controlled single-blind trials indicate that an autism-specific consultation planning framework known as the collaborative model for promoting competence and success (COMPASS) is effectiv...

  7. The school librarian in the process of research work performed by young people

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jože Škorjanc


    Full Text Available The research is based on the analysis of research work carried out by young people, with the special stress on the movement The Young for the Progress of Celje and the research work of the pupils of the Celje-Center High School and upon the analysis of the role of Celje Library and the Library of Celje-Center High School in the system of research activities.The role of librarians in the process of research work will have to be strengthened on the basis of practical experience. This will largely depend upon themselves,teachers - mentors, libraries, schools and, last but not least, upon school and cultural policy. The role of librarians in the frame of school research work should be strengthened because of the following facts: 1. Research work is expanding and concentrating in schools, 2. The number of school librarians and school libraries has grown, as well as their equipment (having a librarian has become a school norm, 3. The development of information structure is remarkable, and 4. New,modern approaches towards research work are gaining importance.

  8. Efeito pai professor: o impacto da profissão docente na vida escolar dos filhos / Teacher parent effect: the impact of having a teacher parent on children's school life / Efecto padre profesor: el impacto de la profésion docente en la vida escolar de sus hijos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marlice de Oliveira e, Nogueira.


    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende divulgar os resultados de uma pesquisa de doutorado recentemente finalizada que investigou as práticas educativas de famílias em que pelo menos um dos progenitores exercia a profissão de professor. A pesquisa buscou identificar, analisar e discutir as múltiplas práticas educativ [...] as e estratégias de escolarização que pais professores desenvolvem no quadro da vida escolar de seus filhos. Os resultados obtidos mostram que, de um modo geral, os pais professores se mobilizam intensamente para favorecer a escolarização dos filhos, mas que essa mobilização não se dá de modo homogêneo para as diferentes famílias. A origem social, as condições objetivas de existência, a rede de ensino de atuação profissional, as experiências docentes e os modos de configuração das dinâmicas familiares modulam as práticas educativas dos pais professores e impactam a relação que eles estabelecem com a vida escolar dos filhos. Abstract in spanish Este trabajo pretende divulgar los resultados de una investigación doctoral recientemente concluida, fundamentada en las prácticas educativas de las familias en las que, al menos, uno de los padres ejercía la profesión docente. La investigación buscó identificar, analizar y discutir las muchas práct [...] icas y estrategias educativas que los padres que ejercen la docencia desarrollan dentro de la vida escolar de sus hijos. Los resultados obtenidos en esta investigación muestran que, de manera general, los padres que ejercen la docencia están más intensamente movilizados para apoyar la enseñanza de sus hijos, pero que esa movilización no se produce homogéneamente entre las distintas familias. El origen social, las condiciones objetivas de existencia, el sistema escolar de desempeño profesional, las experiencias de enseñanza y las diferentes configuraciones de la dinámica familiar afectan a las prácticas educativas de los padres profesores e influyen en las relaciones que establecen con la vida escolar de sus hijos. Abstract in english This paper aims to disseminate the results of a recently completed doctoral research that investigated the educational practices of families in which at least one parent is a teacher. The research sought to identify, analyze and discuss the multiple educational practices and strategies that teacher [...] parents develop as part of the school life of their children. The results obtained show that, in general, parents who are teachers work more intensely on promoting their children's education, but that such work varies from family to family. Social origins, objective living standards, school systems, teaching experience and the different configurations of family dynamics shape the educational practices of such parents and impact on the relationship they establish with their children's school life.

  9. Career Patterns of Ontario Librarians. (United States)

    Plate, Kenneth H.; Seigel, Jacob P.


    Presents results of a study of recent graduates of graduate library and business schools to determine career patterns through data on demographics, family background, education, parent education and occupation, area of specialization, academic standing, employment history, and the factors which respondents considered as influencing career success…

  10. Clinicians, librarians and patient safety: opportunities for partnership


    Zipperer, L.


    ?? Librarians could improve the safety of medical care through greater participation in patient safety initiatives. A librarian's expertise in accessing the evidence base could enhance the safety and appropriateness of care in a clinical environment. In addition, librarians could apply specific technical knowledge management skills to medicine. To realize improvements from these skill sets, healthcare leaders must consider ways of working with librarians to enhance patient safety.

  11. Copyright for librarians the essential handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Berkman Center for Internet and Society


    "Copyright for Librarians" (CFL) is an online open curriculum on copyright law that was developed jointly with Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society. Re-designed as a brand new textbook, "Copyright for Librarians: the essential handbook" can be used as a stand-alone resource or as an adjunct to the online version which contains additional links and references for students who wish to pursue any topic in greater depth. Delve into copyright theory or explore enforcement. With a new index and a handy Glossary, the Handbook is essential reading for librarians who want to hone their skills in 2013, and for anyone learning about or teaching copyright law in the information field.

  12. XML for catalogers and metadata librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Cole, Timothy W


    How are today's librarians to manage and describe the everexpanding volumes of resources, in both digital and print formats? The use of XML in cataloging and metadata workflows can improve metadata quality, the consistency of cataloging workflows, and adherence to standards. This book is intended to enable current and future catalogers and metadata librarians to progress beyond a bare surfacelevel acquaintance with XML, thereby enabling them to integrate XML technologies more fully into their cataloging workflows. Building on the wealth of work on library descriptive practices, cataloging, and metadata, XML for Catalogers and Metadata Librarians explores the use of XML to serialize, process, share, and manage library catalog and metadata records. The authors' expert treatment of the topic is written to be accessible to those with little or no prior practical knowledge of or experience with how XML is used. Readers will gain an educated appreciation of the nuances of XML and grasp the benefit of more advanced ...

  13. Awareness and Practice of Professional Ethics amongst Librarians in Nigeria (United States)

    Igbeka, J. U.; Okoroma, F. N.


    This study is focused on the awareness and practicability of Librarianship ethics amongst librarians. Survey questionnaire was designed to identify the degree of awareness of librarianship ethics amongst librarians in Nigeria, whether the ethics are feasible and being utilized by librarians in their day to day library management, and to find out…

  14. Playing to Win: Embedded Librarians in Online Classrooms (United States)

    Hawes, Sandra Lee


    The essay presents a quasi-case study of one academic librarian's experience as an embedded librarian in multiple online courses over a five-year period. Technology used included chat, email, and a librarian question-and-answer bulletin board inside an eCollege course management system, and a dedicated-use ElluminateLive! virtual training room for…

  15. Librarian Status at US Research Universities: Extending the Typology (United States)

    Bolin, Mary K.


    A typology of librarian status developed for land grant universities is extended to US research universities. Land grant librarians are tenure-track faculty in 70% of institutions. Librarians in the expanded population have that status slightly more than half the time. Institution size, geographic region, and public/private governance are…

  16. Solo Librarians and Intellectual Freedom: Perspectives from the Field (United States)

    Adams, Helen R.


    As schools across the country face increasing fiscal restraints, school library professional positions are being eliminated at an alarming rate. As a result, many school librarians are becoming the only certified library professional in a district, serving multiple schools and grade levels. Suddenly, each is a solo librarian. As a solo librarian

  17. A Study Analyzing the Career Path of Librarians (United States)

    Noh, Younghee


    This study aims to identify the career movement patterns of librarians, analyze factors influencing their career movements, and compare differences in such factors between librarians and chief librarians. Findings showed that the jobs with the highest retention rate were those in public libraries, that library automation system developers showed…

  18. School Librarians Teach Subject Area 10: Computer and Information Sciences (United States)

    Dow, Mirah J. Ingram


    School librarians currently speak about school libraries as the largest classroom in the building. If so, how can these librarians describe what they teach? This article explains the user-centered instructional role of secondary school librarians in teaching information and technology literacy skills, as well as how they can authoritatively ensure…

  19. Academic Librarians, Professional Literature, and New Technologies: A Survey (United States)

    Hardesty, Skye; Sugarman, Tammy


    Keeping abreast of professional literature and the latest trends is critical for academic librarians to be successful, but in a time of information glut, are librarians achieving this? Over seven hundred academic librarians responded to this survey and inform us about their use of both traditional methods and new technologies to stay current.

  20. A Qualitative Study of Librarian’s Negative Emotions in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Su-May Sheih Chen


    Full Text Available Literature in emotional management has considered that emotions of employees may have important organizational implications. In librarianship, emotions also play an important role in affecting librarians’ attitude to patrons and in turn his/her job performance. Yet the exploration of emotion has not been much studied in Taiwan’s librarianship. Hence, the purpose of this study is trying to explore librarians’ perception and causes of negative emotions in the library settings in Taiwan. The result indicates that librarians in Taiwan experience significant levels of negative emotions, and interpersonal relationship appears as one of the most important causes.[Article content in Chinese

  1. Parents as Participating Partners (United States)

    Marshall, Linda; Swan, Paul


    Recent research has confirmed that parental involvement in education is positively associated with student achievement, yet further efforts are needed to measure the effects of such programs systematically so as to inform the development of improved methods. Having parents help their children with mathematics can be problematic. Teachers may not…

  2. The Role of Librarians in Academic Success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia J. Dold


    Full Text Available Librarians address all levels of information needs for the university: its acquisition, its production, its storage, and instruction for its safe and gainful use. Most of today's college students have a high degree of computer literacy but are weak in their abilities to determine the quality of the information that is so readily available. Students need to be taught to find, evaluate, and use information in an academically-oriented manner in order to solve complex problems. Good library skills are integral to academic success. In conjunction with research and teaching faculty, librarians create a framework for knowledge acquisition in the evolving university education.

  3. Automation and Job Satisfaction among Reference Librarians. (United States)

    Whitlatch, Jo Bell


    Discussion of job satisfaction and the level of job performance focuses on the effect of automation on job satisfaction among reference librarians. The influence of stress is discussed, a job strain model is explained, and examples of how to design a job to reduce the stress caused by automation are given. (12 references) (LRW)

  4. Stress among Academic Librarians and Library Directors. (United States)

    Wood, Richard J.

    Pertinent general and library specific stress studies are reviewed to demonstrate the importance and benefits of keeping job stress within healthy (normal) levels in libraries. Studies are cited to show the potentially adverse impact of stress on individuals and organizations, generally, and librarians and libraries, specifically. The results of a…

  5. The Leadership Potential of School Librarians (United States)

    Smith, Angela Powers


    Since their origin in 1925, standards for elementary school library programs have outlined role expectations for the school librarian. As the passage of time introduced new technologies into the world of education, these standards were reviewed and revised. After each revision, the standards, which were later referred to as guidelines, reflected…

  6. Effective Collection Developers: Librarians or Faculty? (United States)

    Vidor, David L.; Futas, Elizabeth


    A study at the Emory University School of Business Administration library compared the effectiveness of faculty members and librarians as book selectors. Effectiveness was measured by comparing selected titles with the Baker list published by the Harvard Business School and with business periodical reviews, and by examining circulation records.…

  7. Corporate Records Management and the Librarian. (United States)

    Wright, Craig


    Discusses the similarities of information handling by corporate records managers and librarians, and proposes combining their functions and physical locations into a central information center that would result in more efficient service at less cost. Records management is explained and advantages of a merger are described. (28 references) (LRW)

  8. The Librarian as Campus Webmaster: Careers Merging? (United States)

    Rible, Jim


    A librarian at Southern Oregon University who became the campus Webmaster examines whether this new role was outside his job description, or a redefinition/expansion of an existing position. Discussion includes colleagues' differing reactions; how he became the campus Webmaster; what the library gains and loses; and perspective on the future of…

  9. Marketing mix for librarians and information professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimutie Moikan Mollel


    Full Text Available This paper covers the explanation of marketing mix for librarians and information professionals and the nature of the elements of the marketing mix. It discusses the traditional issues arising from the marketing mix and issues which are more appropriate for libraries and information services.

  10. Your School Needs a Frugal Librarian! (United States)

    Johns, Sara Kelly


    School libraries are crucial to learning, but need resources to close the digital and print divide that widens as school budgets shrink. In this article, the author shares her perspective on stretching the library dollar. As budgets tighten and the use of library resources increases, school librarian's ingenuity, skill, and planning can ensure…

  11. Distance Learning Librarians: Their Shared Vision (United States)

    Casey, Anne Marie


    Shared vision is a component of leadership that fosters innovation through buy-in at all levels of the organization. At times, people see a need for innovation but do not have the power to make changes on their own. Many librarians in academic institutions that were early adopters of distance learning envisioned a need for new services that were…

  12. Estilos de liderança de professores: aplicando o modelo de estilos parentais / Teachers' leadership styles: applying the parental styles' model / Estilos de liderazgo de maestros: aplicando el modelo de estilos parentales

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana Priscila, Batista; Lidia Natalia Dobrianskyj, Weber.


    Full Text Available Professores orientam os comportamentos das crianças estabelecendo diferentes climas emocionais no uso das estratégias educativas em sala de aula. Esse trabalho busca delinear uma análise dos estilos de liderança de professores aplicando o modelo de estilos parentais. Inicialmente, foi feita uma anál [...] ise de literatura realizando uma busca nas bases de dados: Scielo, Science Direct e Scopus, utilizando os descritores: teachers' leadership styles, teachers' teaching styles e school leadership. Com essa busca constatou-se que existem diversas definições, formas de análise e variáveis estudadas, conforme a teoria adotada. Posteriormente, foi realizada a análise da relação professor-aluno aplicando o modelo de estilos parentais, que apresenta uma análise do sistema das relações a partir de duas dimensões: responsividade e exigência. Assim, foram categorizados quatro estilos de liderança: autoritário, permissivo, negligente e participativo. Conclui-se que o modelo de estilo parental fornece uma boa base teórica para pautar a análise dos estilos de liderança de professores. Abstract in spanish En lo que a comportamiento se refiere los maestros orientan a los niños estableciendo diferentes climas emocionales según el uso de estrategias educativas en aula. Este trabajo busca perfilar un análisis de los estilos de liderazgo de maestros por medio de la aplicación del modelo de estilos parenta [...] les. Inicialmente se hizo un análisis de literatura a partir de una búsqueda en las bases de datos Scielo, Science Direct . Scopus, utilizando las palabras clave teacher's leadership styles. teacher's teaching styles e school leadership. Los resultados permitieron constatar que existen diversas definiciones, métodos de análisis y variables estudiadas, de acuerdo con la teoría adoptada. Posteriormente se realizó el análisis de la relación profesor-alumno aplicando el modelo de estilos parentales que presenta un análisis de sistema de relaciones a partir de dos dimensiones: capacidad de respuesta y exigencia. Se categorizaron cuatro estilos de liderazgo: autoritario, permisivo, negligente y participativo. Se concluye que el modelo de estilo parental constituye buena base teórica para orientar el análisis de los estilos de liderazgo de maestros. Abstract in english Teachers guide children's behavior by establishing different emotional climates in the use of educational strategies in the classroom. This paper seeks to outline an analysis of leadership styles of teachers applying the model of parenting styles. Initially, an analysis of literature by performing a [...] search in the databases: Scielo, Science Direct and Scopus using the key words: teachers' leadership styles, teachers' teaching styles and school leadership. With this search we found that there are several definitions, methods of analysis and variables, as the espoused theory. Subsequently, we performed the analysis of teacher-student relationship by applying the model of parenting styles, which presents an analysis of the system of relationships from two dimensions: responsiveness and demandingness. So were categorized four leadership styles: authoritarian, permissive, neglectful, and authoritative. We conclude that the model of parenting style provides a good theoretical basis to guide the analysis of teachers' leadership styles.

  13. Librarians in Uproar Over New Action Figure (United States)

    Grinnell, Max


    Over the past few decades, librarians have fought an uphill battle to change the public's perceptions of the vocation as one that is characterized by individuals who patrol the library telling patrons to be quiet or peering over a pair of bifocals from behind a reference desk. A new action figure developed by the Archie McPhee Toy company in Seattle plays on some of these popular stereotypes and features a bespectacled woman in a cardigan, long plain skirt, and sensible shoes, who moves her index finger to her lips with "amazing push-button shushing action." The model for the actual doll is Nancy Pearl, a real-life librarian in Seattle, who is the executive director of Seattle Public Library's Washington Center for the Book. Some are not so happy with the doll (which will be released in October), and Pearl has been deluged by emails and phone calls, including one unsigned email that accused Pearl of setting the profession back 30 years. Pearl does not regret posing for the doll, remarking that "It's a lovely idea and a lovely tribute to my chosen profession."The first link leads to a recent news article from the Seattle Post-Intelligencer about the various reactions to the upcoming librarian action figure doll. The second link, provided by the Seattle Times, talks at length about Helen Pearl and her many accolades, including the 2003 Washington Humanities Award. The third link will take visitors to an audio news story from NPR's All Things Considered where Melissa Block interviews Pearl. The fourth link leads to an opinion piece from the Purdue Exponent (authored by Matt Poston) that celebrates the new librarian action figure as a "long-overdue tribute" to librarians. The fifth link leads to the page from the Archie McPhee company where visitors can learn more about the upcoming librarian action figure. The final link leads to the Washington Center for the Book homepage, which contains information about the Center's activities, including the very popular (and often-imitated) If All of Seattle Read the Same Book program, designed to foster dialogue and discussion about a single book.

  14. Top Ten Homework Tips (For Parents) (United States)

    ... What to Expect Top 10 Homework Tips KidsHealth > Parents > School & Family Life > Learning & Education > Top 10 Homework Tips ... Ways to Help Your Child Succeed in Elementary School Parent-Teacher Conferences Back to School Helping Your Teen ...

  15. Preservice Teachers' Knowledge of Information Literacy and Their Perceptions of the School Library Program (United States)

    Lee, Elizabeth A.; Reed, Brenda; Laverty, Corinne


    Graduating preservice teachers were surveyed regarding their knowledge of information literacy concepts, the pedagogy of information literacy, and the role of the teacher librarian and school library programs. The preservice teachers felt poorly prepared to teach information literacy to pupils, had a limited array of information skills, and held a…

  16. The Librarian-As-Insider-Ethnographer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessie Lymn


    Full Text Available This article considers preliminary findings from ethnographic fieldwork undertaken in Australia and Canada in do-it-yourself (DIY libraries and archives. These spaces are usually run on small or no budgets, often in squatted or donated spaces, with no paid staff. They are motivated by a DIY ethos, and often have a connection to so-called “underground” communities. In this article the author responds to Chris Atton’s model of librarian-as-ethnographer, which argues that information workers can draw on ethnographic methods to build cultural maps of grassroots and DIY communities. The author proposes that there are information professionals already in these communities, and their roles in both professional and DIY libraries enhances the librarian-as-ethnographer model by providing an insider perspective that may mediate tensions between the two collection spaces. The author draws on her fieldwork in zine libraries, infoshops, and social centers as example.

  17. Digital library : transformation of academic librarian roles


    Geraghty, Aoife


    Higher education literature abounds with dark forebodings regarding the impact of the Digital Library on the traditional academic library. In this paper it is argued that, by playing to their strengths and maintaining their values, academic librarians are enlivening the profession and opening new opportunities for accessing and using information. For every service no longer needed, other services for which there is more demand take their place. The paper looks especially at digital content an...

  18. Documentalist and librarian education in Catalonia


    Bosch I Pou, Merce?


    From its foundation in 1915, the Escola Universitaria de Biblioteconomia i Documentació (University School of Librarianship and Documentation) in Barcelona has been playing an important role in the training of professionals responsible for libraries. This paper describes the history, the situation in our days, and the trends for the future of the professional training of the librarians in Catalonia, with references to the rest of Spain.

  19. O bibliotecário nas escolas: uma necessidade The librarian at schools: a necessity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Fioravante Garcez


    Full Text Available [Portuguese]Aborda aspectos quanto à importância da biblioteca e do profissional bibliotecário no contexto escolar. Discorre sobre o trabalho colaborativo do corpo docente para a inclusão da biblioteca em suas práticas pedagógicas. Por meio de dados oficiais, comprova os poucos investimentos na biblioteca escolar e o quanto estas carecem de profissionais bibliotecários. Relaciona o baixo desempenho dos estudantes à falta de instrumentos que favoreçam a leitura e a pesquisa na escola. Alerta que o Poder Executivo Estadual deve tratar com urgência a criação do Cargo de Bibliotecário vinculado à Secretaria de Estado da Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Santa Catarina.[English]Approaches the importance of libraries and the librarians to be pertaining to school context. It discourses about the collaborative work on teachers to include the library in pedagogical practical. Through official data proves the few investments in the school library and how librarians might be include in this environment. It relates the children poor performances to the deficiency of instruments to reading and research on the school. It argues so that the State Executive duty with urgency is to creation a librarian position on the Santa Catarina State Education Secretary, Science and Technology.

  20. Embedded librarianship what every academic librarian should know

    CERN Document Server

    Russo, Michael F


    Is the embedded librarian an equal partner in the course, or is the librarian perceived as a "value-added" extra? What is the place of technology in this effort? Is there a line librarians should not cross? Taking into account both theory and practice to discuss multiple facets of the subject, Embedded Librarianship: What Every Academic Librarian Should Know thoroughly examines these questions and more from the perspectives of experienced embedded librarian contributors who have worked in higher education settings. The chapters illuminate the benefits and challenges of embedding, explain the planning required to set up an embedded course, identify the different forms of embedding, and consider information literacy instruction in various contexts. Readers who will benefit from this work include not only academic librarians but any professor who wants their students to be able to do better research in their fields.

  1. The CERN LEP-SPS Librarian system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The complexity of a software working environment, such as the control system for the SPS and LEP accelerators, requires a considerable management effort. The software needed to run the machines is continuously evolving, as new releases of application and system programs are introduced rather frequency. Ideally the management effort must coordinate all the different software developers and their users (the machine operating team). A software tool, the Librarian, has been written to help them in performing this task. Its ultimate goal is to enable the accelerator operators to retain control of all the software running in the control system. All the source files needed to produce a piece of running software (a 'product') are saved together, and can be retrieved either individually or as a whole. Management of the different versions of a product is also implemented, as well as a scheme for protections and access rights depending on the type of user (Librarian manager, application manager or software developer). The data base ORACLE has been used to maintain logical links between files saved under the Librarian. (orig.)

  2. Tres miradas sobre la televisión: docentes, padres y niños / Three Perspectives on Television: Teachers, Parents and Children / Três miradas à televisão: docentes, pais e meninos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Patricia, Nigro.


    Full Text Available Neste artigo indaga-se, desde as perspectivas teóricas e práticas examinadas, como consideram os pais, os docentes e os meninos a televisão. Procura-se comparar as três perspectivas para continuar a pesquisa em um trabalho de campo que prove e contraste os achados teóricos. São estudados universos d [...] e diferentes regiões geográficas e distintos grupos sociais, que têm coincidências muito significativas. É importante destacar que a influência dos adultos no imaginário dos meninos acerca da televisão é muito mais forte do que poderia supõe-se à primeira vista. Para avaliá-la são revelados textos e estudos levados ao cabo na Argentina e outros países, e chega-se a uma síntese final. O artigo carateriza-se por o seu enfoque exploratório e descritivo, que finaliza em uma conclusão valorativa. Abstract in spanish El artículo de investigación que se presenta tiene como fin indagar, en los estudios teóricos y empíricos que se abordan, cómo consideran la televisión los padres, los docentes y los niños. El objetivo perseguido es comparar las tres perspectivas, para posteriormente poder continuar la investigación [...] , con un trabajo de campo que compruebe y contraste los hallazgos teóricos. Los trabajos relevados estudian universos de distintas regiones geográficas y de diferentes grupos sociales, pero poseen fuertes coincidencias, ampliamente significativas. Abstract in english The following research article examines what parents, teachers and children think about television, based on a series of theoretical and empirical studies. The objective is to compare the three perspectives, before going on to test and compare the theoretical findings in the field. Although the stud [...] ies in question focus on different geographic regions and different social groups, they reveal clear coincidences that are quite significant.

  3. Sense of self: Embracing your teacher identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carrie Donovan


    Full Text Available Welcome to another guest post at ItLwtLP. This time we bring you thoughts from Carrie Donovan, an instruction librarian at Indiana University Bloomington. Enjoy! Once upon a time in libraries, you could call yourself a good teacher if you spent more than 30 minutes planning a lesson, if you wowed students with your search savvy, [...

  4. E-book usage amongst academic librarians in South Africa


    Sandy Zinn; Natasha Langdown


    The purpose of this study completed in 2010 was to investigate the use of e-books amongst academic librarians; in particular which e-books are available to academic librarians, why they choose this format, what impact e-books have on librarians’ professional practice and what the usage patterns of e-books are amongst academic librarians. A web-based questionnaire was distributed on the LIASA mailing list. The results reflect a more gradual trend towards e-book adoption. There is still a pre...

  5. A Survey of Taiwan Public Librarians’ Quality of Working Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Su-may Sheih


    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to introduce the concept of Quality of Working Life (QWL to the library and information field and to assess the QWL among public librarians. The researcher explores every aspects of QWL among the public librarians in Taiwan and the result of an empirical study is presented. Also, by promoting public librarians’ understanding of QWL concepts, researcher wouldlike to urge public librarians to pursuit a higher level of QWL, and in turn to improve the service quality of public library. [Article content in Chinese

  6. Students in Nova Scotia Schools Without Teacher-Librarians are not Achieving Department of Education Expectations for Information Literacy Skills. A review of: Gunn, Holly, and Gary Hepburn. “Seeking Information for School Purposes on the Internet.” Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology 29.1 (Winter 2003: 67?88. 24 May 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayle Bogel


    Full Text Available Objective – This study investigated whether the expectations for Internet searching strategies outlined in provincial curriculumg oals are being met in Nova Scotia Schools. Twelfth-grade students in representative schools were surveyed as to their Internet information seeking strategies and their perceptions of the effectiveness of those strategies. The results are presented as six themes based on the survey questions.Design – Survey questionnaire consisting of yes/no, multiple-choice, Likert style, and open?ended responses.Setting – Twelfth?grade students from four high schools in one district in Nova Scotia. Total participants: 198.Subjects – Questionnaires were analyzed from 243 general practitioners, practice nurses, and practice managers in four Nottingham primary care trusts as well as practices in the Rotherham Health Authority area.Methods – Four research questions guided this study: 1. What strategies and techniques do students use that are helpful for information?seeking on the Internet? 2. What knowledge do students have of the different World Wide Web search engines? 3. How do students perceive their ability to locate information for school purposes on the Internet? 4. How do students learn how to seek information on the Internet for school related assignments? The survey was developed through a literature review of previous research. Each survey item reflected a theme and one of the four research questions. The survey was field tested in a pilot study with two twelfth?grade students, and two twelfth grade English classes.The sample was assembled by asking principals at the four schools to identify two classes in each of their schools that represented mixed academic abilities. Three schools chose English classes, and one school chose math classes participate in the study. All students had agreed to be a part of the study and only students present in class on the day the questionnaire was given were represented. No effort was made to include students who were absent. Results were tabulated as percentages of responses, and presented in tables related to the themes of the four research questions.Main results – Throughout the study, students reported very few strategies for effective Internet searching. They cited friends and family members rather than teachers as their main sources for support, and reported self?taught trial and error as the most common method of learning search strategies. Despite their lack of effectiveness, most students considered themselves “good” or “very good” at finding the information they need for school purposes. Most of the students used very few of the strategies associated with effective searching that have been stated in prior research studies.• Research Question One: Use of Strategies and Techniques for Information?Seeking on the Internet Only 15% of students used Boolean operators regularly. Over 70% of students did not know how to eliminate commercial sites, use particular features, limit searches to recently updatedp ages or limit searches to the title section of a Web page.• Research Question Two: Knowledge of World Wide Web Search Engines. Google was the overwhelming choice, with 66.7% percent of students reporting that they used it regularly. Other search engines were used from 0 to 22%.• Research Question Three: Students’ Perception of Their Information?Seeking Ability on the Internet 81.3 % of students reported their abilities as good or very good. Only 5% felt their abilities were poor.• Research Question Four: How Students Learn What They Know About Information?Seeking on the Internet 72.7% reported self?teaching strategies. 39.8% relied on friends or classmates, 36.8 % relied on teachers. 2.5% reported librarians as a source Of the students who reported self?teaching,53% used trial and error, 6.6% used help screens and 4% searched for assistance. 80.8% of students who reported teachers as a source for learning information strategie swere taught in computer?related classes, rather than in content ar

  7. Concordância entre relato de pais e professores para sintomas de TDAH: resultados de uma amostra clínica brasileira / Agreement rates between parents' and teachers' reports on ADHD symptomatology: findings from a Brazilian clinical sample

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gabriel, Coutinho; Paulo, Mattos; Marcelo, Schmitz; Didia, Fortes; Manuela, Borges.

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Languages: English, Portuguese Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: O diagnóstico de TDAH em crianças e adolescentes, segundo os critérios do DSM-IV, requer que os sintomas estejam presentes em, ao menos, dois ambientes distintos (principalmente escola e casa). Apesar da importância do relato de pais e professores, esse tema tem sido pouco investigado no B [...] rasil. OBJETIVO: Investigar a concordância entre os relatos de pais e professores de uma amostra clínica de crianças e adolescentes com diagnóstico de TDAH. MÉTODOS: A amostra era composta por 44 crianças e adolescentes com idades variando entre 6 e 16 anos (40 meninos e 4 meninas), com diagnóstico clínico de TDAH. Foram comparadas as respostas de pais e professores no questionário SNAP-IV, visando a calcular taxas de concordância entre diferentes fontes de informação para sintomas de TDAH. RESULTADOS: Concordância para o diagnóstico de TDAH ocorreu em aproximadamente metade dos casos; pais relataram mais sintomas de TDAH que professores. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados aqui apresentados podem mostrar que informações acerca da sintomatologia de TDAH não são bem divulgadas para professores brasileiros, indicando a necessidade de se investir em sessões educacionais sobre o transtorno, tendo em vista a importância do relato de profissionais de educação para o diagnóstico de TDAH. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: ADHD diagnosis in children and adolescents according to DSM-IV criteria demands symptoms to be present in at least two different settings (mainly school and home). Despite the importance in obtaining parents' and teachers' reports, this issue is seldom investigated in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: [...] We set to evaluate agreement rates between parents' and teachers' reports from a Brazilian clinical sample of children and adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: The sample comprised 44 children and adolescents with age range between 6 and 16 years old (boys: 40; girls: 4) with a clinical diagnosis of ADHD. We compared parents' and teachers' responses in SNAP-IV questionnaire in order to calculate agreement rates among different information sources on ADHD symptomatology. RESULTS: Agreement for ADHD diagnosis occurred in nearly half of the sample, with parents' reporting more ADHD symptomatology than teachers. CONCLUSION: Our findings might suggest that recognition of ADHD symptomatology is less clear-cut among school teachers in Brazil, indicating that some educational sessions about this condition should be conducted in schools, taking into consideration the importance of education professionals' reports to diagnose ADHD.

  8. Alianza Familia-Escuela: Percepciones, Creencias, Expectativas y Aspiraciones de Padres y Profesores de Enseñanza General Básica Family-School Alliance: Perceptions, Beliefs, Expectatives and Aspirations of Parents and Teachers in Primary School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maritza Rivera


    Full Text Available Se refieren los resultados de un estudio cualitativo realizado en Santiago, cuyo propósito fue describir y comprender las percepciones, creencias, expectativas y aspiraciones de padres y profesores sobre la relación familia - escuela. El diseño metodológico se adscribió a los principios del paradigma interpretativo, según los principios de la Grounded Theory. Las técnicas de recolección fueron entrevistas semi-estructuradas y grupos focales a madres y profesores, constituyendo una muestra total de 48 sujetos. El estudio aporta información descriptiva y comprensiva sobre consensos y disensos de ambos respecto del sistema relacional familia-escuela, roles, normas, comunicación, conflictos, participación, alianza y educación. Finalmente emerge un modelo del sistema relacional familia - escuela, incluyendo barreras, facilitadores y parámetros que posibilitarían una alianza efectiva.Findings from a qualitative study made in Santiago, whose purpose was to describe and understand the parents and teachers perceptions, beliefs, expectatives, and aspirations about the family-school relationship. The methodological design adhered to the principles of the interpretative paradigm, according to the principles of the Grounded Theory. The gathering techniques were semi-organized interviews and focal groups to mothers and teachers, completing a total sample of 48 persons. This research contributes with descriptive and comprehensive information about consensus and disagreements of parents and teachers with regard to the family-school relational system, roles, rules, communication, conflicts, participation, alliance and education. Finally a model of the family-school relational system emerges, including barriers, helpers, and parameters that would make possible an effective alliance.

  9. Contemporary Instructor-Librarian Collaboration: A Case Study of an Online Embedded Librarian Implementation (United States)

    Edwards, Mary E.; Black, Erik W.


    This paper reports the results of a case study evaluation of an embedded librarian project at a large, land-grant, research institution. The case is comprised of learners who are full-time academic health care professionals enrolled in an online graduate educational technology program. The mixed methods methodology focused on assessing the…

  10. How to assess and compare inter-rater reliability, agreement and correlation of ratings: an exemplary analysis of mother-father and parent-teacher expressive vocabulary rating pairs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available This report has two main purposes. First, we combine well-known analytical approaches to conduct a comprehensive assessment of agreement and correlation of rating-pairs and to dis-entangle these often confused concepts, providing a best-practice example on concrete data and a tutorial for future reference. Second, we explore whether a screening questionnaire deve-loped for use with parents can be reliably employed with daycare teachers when assessing early expressive vocabulary. A total of 53 vocabulary rating pairs (34 parent-teacher and 19 mother-father pairs collected for two-year-old children (12 bilingual are evaluated. First, inter-rater reliability both within and across subgroups is assessed using the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC. Next, based on this analysis of reliability and on the test-retest reliability of the employed tool, inter-rater agreement is analyzed, magnitude and direction of rating differences are considered. Finally, Pearson correlation coefficients of standardized vocabulary scores are calculated and compared across subgroups. The results underline the necessity to distinguish between reliability measures, agreement and correlation. They also demonstrate the impact of the employed reliability on agreement evaluations. This study provides evidence that parent-teacher ratings of children’s early vocabulary can achieve agreement and correlation comparable to those of mother-father ratings on the assessed vocabulary scale. Bilingualism of the evaluated child decreased the likelihood of raters’ agreement. We conclude that future reports of agree-ment, correlation and reliability of ratings will benefit from better definition of terms and stricter methodological approaches. The methodological tutorial provided here holds the potential to increase comparability across empirical reports and can help improve research practices and knowledge transfer to educational and therapeutic settings.

  11. A Study of Science Teachers' Homework Practices (United States)

    Tas, Yasemin; Sungur-Vural, Semra; Öztekin, Ceren


    This study investigates Turkish middle school science teachers' homework practices, the value teachers attach to homework and teachers' communication with parents about homework. One hundred and sixty-eight teachers completed surveys. Teachers reported to assign homework frequently: 93.4 per cent of the teachers reported that they assign…

  12. Using "Moodle[TM]": How Rural School Librarians Stay Connected (United States)

    Appleton, Karen; DeGroot, Dorothy; Lampe, Karen; Carruthers, Cheryl


    So, what if one lives in a remote, rural area, but still has important knowledge and insights that others might benefit from learning? What if one is the only school librarian for multiple districts, and one just cannot justify the time to travel to a regular, traditional class meeting These are questions that school librarians in Iowa, as well as…

  13. A Typology of Librarian Status at Land Grant Universities (United States)

    Bolin, Mary K.


    Data were gathered on librarian status at fifty land grant universities. The findings reveal four status types: Professorial, Other ranks with tenure, Other ranks without tenure, and Academic or Professional Staff. Eighty percent of institutions have librarians who are faculty and 85 percent of those are tenure-track.

  14. Digitization and digital archiving a practical guide for librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Leggett, Elizabeth R


    Modern library patrons are embracing the ease with which information can be accessed digitally, and so many librarians are currently working toward making information available electronically. Digitization and Digital Archiving: A Practical Guide for Librarians is a comprehensive guide with step-by-step instructions for forming digital archives.

  15. The Art of Questions: Inquiry, the CCSS, and School Librarians (United States)

    Wadham, Rachel


    This article examines the association among inquiry, the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and school librarians. It explains the significance of asking questions, and describes the characteristics of the questions that are central to inquiry learning. The role of school librarians in inquiry learning and the implementation of CCSS is also…

  16. Knowledge, Skills and Attributes for Academic Reference Librarians (United States)

    Haddow, Gaby


    A survey of Australian academic reference librarians was conducted as part of an international collaboration seeking to identify the most important knowledge, skills and attributes now and for the next ten years. Librarians working in or managing reference-related services at university and vocational education and training institutions…

  17. Looking like Everyone Else: Academic Portfolios for Librarians (United States)

    vanDuinkerken, Wyoma; Coker, Catherine; Anderson, Margaret


    The academic librarian faces a unique range of changing duties and responsibilities that are often inappropriately documented. The development of an academic portfolio that creates a record of librarianship, scholarship, and service can solve this issue for librarians on the tenure-track or on a job hunt. This paper describes how academic…

  18. Best Practices for Librarians Embedded in Online Courses (United States)

    Hoffman, Starr; Ramin, Lilly


    Academic librarians interested in collaborating with faculty in online courses often express questions about their role, level of involvement, and activities. This article provides a list of best practices to guide those developing embedded librarian services. The practices are drawn from a review of the literature, a case study of one embedded…

  19. Who Benefits? Unionization and Academic Libraries and Librarians (United States)

    Applegate, Rachel


    Advocates of unions frequently argue that unionization results in benefits for libraries in general and for librarians. Previous data to support this position have been scattered, incomplete, and inconclusive. This study analyzes data on 1,904 academic libraries, 334 unionized, to explore whether there is a relationship between a librarian-union…

  20. Bigger Is (Maybe) Better: Librarians' Views of Interdisciplinary Databases (United States)

    Gilbert, Julie K.


    This study investigates librarians' satisfaction with general interdisciplinary databases for undergraduate research and explores possibilities for improving these databases. Results from a national survey suggest that librarians at a variety of institutions are relatively satisfied overall with the content and usability of general,…

  1. The School Librarian as Information Specialist: A Vibrant Species (United States)

    Harris, Frances Jacobson


    In this article, the author talks about the school librarian as information specialist. She stresses that the school librarian's information specialist role is more important than ever. She offers her personal toolkit that consists of four strategies in helping and teaching students to use content responsibly.

  2. CSI(L Carleton: Forensic Librarians and Reflective Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iris Jastram


    Full Text Available In the Library with the Lead Pipe is pleased to welcome guest authors Iris Jastram, Danya Leebaw, and Heather Tompkins.  They are reference and instruction librarians at Carleton College, a small liberal arts college in Minnesota. Becoming forensic librarians “Wait, this is information literacy?” a rhetorician at our workshop exclaimed in excited surprise. “But this [...

  3. Mary E. Hall: Dawn of the Professional School Librarian (United States)

    Alto, Teresa


    A century ago, a woman named Mary E. Hall convinced school leaders of the need for the professional school librarian--a librarian who cultivated a love of reading, academic achievement, and independent learning skills. After graduating from New York City's Pratt Institute Library School in 1895, Hall developed her vision for the high school…

  4. Kansas Academic Librarian Perceptions of Information Literacy Professional Development Needs (United States)

    Starkey, Alysia


    The purpose of this study was to assess the professional development needs of academic instruction librarians required to improve information literacy instructional effectiveness in higher education institutions within the state of Kansas. The population in this correlational study was the 84 academic librarians with instruction duties at Kansas's…

  5. Factors Contributing to the Adoption of Virtual Worlds by Librarians (United States)

    Hill, Valerie J.


    The purpose of this study was to examine factors that may or may not contribute to the adoption of the innovation of virtual worlds by librarians. Using Everett Rogers' Diffusion Theory as a framework, the study sought to identify librarians with avatars (computer simulated representations of themselves) in the virtual world of Second Life,…

  6. Google in the Research and Teaching of Instruction Librarians (United States)

    Sorensen, Charlene; Dahl, Candice


    This exploratory study assesses the differences and similarities between how instruction librarians in Western Canada use Google and how they instruct students to use it. Survey results indicate that these librarians do use Google but can be influenced by faculty to present Google negatively to students. (Contains 4 figures and 1 table.)

  7. The librarian's life, scholarship and librarianship. (United States)

    Kronick, D A


    Librarians must be more than custodians of the record or merely managers of information services if they are to understand their role and to participate in the life of scholarship. There are many approaches to this understanding including the historical, the social, the psychological and the epistemological. It can also be sought through a study of the sociology of knowledge and a study of the ways in which changes in communication technology in writing and printing have impacted on scholarship in the past. This may also provide us with the means of preparing for the impact of new computer technology on the scholarship of the future. PMID:7437587

  8. Big data: an introduction for librarians. (United States)

    Hoy, Matthew B


    Modern life produces data at an astounding rate and shows no signs of slowing. This has lead to new advances in data storage and analysis and the concept of "big data," that is, massive data sets that can yield surprising insights when analyzed. This column will briefly describe what big data is and why it is important. It will also briefly explore the possibilities and problems of big data and the implications it has for librarians. A list of big data projects and resources is also included. PMID:25023020

  9. Pais, educadores e testes: estão de acordo na avaliação de aptidões de crianças pré-escolares? / Parents, teachers and tests: do they agree in the assessment of oreschoolers'abilities?

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria João, Seabra-Santos; Maria Filomena Fonseca, Gaspar.

    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O presente estudo pretende contribuir para o esclarecimento de questões relativas ao acordo entre pais e educadores quando avaliam o desenvolvimento infantil e com o grau em que estas avaliações estão relacionadas com aptidões cognitivas das crianças. Cento e setenta e três crianças pré-escolares fo [...] ram classificadas de modo independente por pais e por educadores em diferentes áreas do desenvolvimento e os resultados na WPPSI-R foram tomados como critério externo. A idade e o género das crianças foram considerados nas análises realizadas. O grau de acordo entre informadores revelou-se baixo a moderado. Em comparação com os educadores, os pais classificam os seus filhos como mais desenvolvidos. Algumas dimensões do desenvolvimento (e.g. aprendizagem) encontram-se mais relacionadas com o desempenho na WPPSI-R do que outras. Os resultados são discutidos quanto às suas implicações para a avaliação psicológica de crianças pré-escolares. Abstract in english This paper addresses issues related to the agreement between parents and teachers when they assess children's development, and to what extend those assessments are related to children's cognitive abilities. A hundred seventy three preschoolers were independently classified by their parents and teach [...] ers regarding different developmental domains. The results on the WPPSI-R test were taken as an external criterion to evaluate the accuracy of the parents' ratings. Children's age and gender were considered in the analysis. Inter-rater agreement is low to moderate. Compared with teachers, parents systematically rate their children as more developed. Some dimensions of development (e.g. learning) are more related to performance on the WPPSIR than others. Results are discussed regarding their implications to the psychological assessment of preschoolers.

  10. Virtually embedded the librarian in an online environment

    CERN Document Server

    McCaffrey, Erin


    The rise of online education at institutions of higher learning, together with the increasing cost of higher education, lead some to suggest that online (or distance) education will eventually become the dominant form of higher learning. This has particular significance for librarians. This casebook, a blueprint for embedding academic librarians in online environments, from undergraduate to science-based graduate schools to MOOCs is the first to explore how librarians can play a key role in the virtual academic landscape. The authors, academic librarians representing a broad range of colleges and universities, look at the evolution of the embedded librarian from physical to virtual, suggest how to develop and implement unique programs in and out of the classroom, and explain how to scale programs once they are embedded. This book is suitable for professional collections in academic libraries of all sizes and types. It is also suitable for collections in schools of library and information science.

  11. South Euclid's Pilot Project for Two-Year-Olds and Parents. (United States)

    Kewish, Nancy L.


    Describes a feasibility and practicality pilot project of a library story-telling program for two-year-olds. Parent survey results and project experience indicate that such a reading program is worth consideration by children's librarians. Recommended books for two-year-olds and their parents are listed. (CMV)

  12. Faculty and Librarians Unite! How Two Librarians and One Faculty Member Developed an Information Literacy Strategy for Distance Education Students (United States)

    Easter, Jennifer; Bailey, Sharon; Klages, Gregory


    Librarians know that collaboration with faculty is crucial when developing effective information literacy initiatives. Our case study, based on the ADDIE model of instructional design, set out to determine if a collaborative approach between faculty and librarians could effectively support students in a distance education course. Set in a small…

  13. Growing Embedded Librarians Like Kudzu: How the Embedded Extension Service Creates More Embedded Librarians without Creating New Positions (United States)

    Coltrain, Mark


    In an era of exploding online enrollment and tight budgets, Central Piedmont Community College (CPCC) struggles to meet the needs of online students. CPCC librarians went one step towards solving that problem in 2009-2010 by launching an embedded librarian program. CPCC's program became so successful that it struggled to meet demand. In 2013,…

  14. Yoga for Exceptional Parents (United States)

    Kuhn, Jackie


    In this article, the author shares how Yoga can help make life easier for parents. The author started practicing with a Hatha Yoga teacher once a week at the local church community center. The breath (Pranayama) leads to self-discovery, Yoga poses (asanas) lead to quieting of the mind and self-connection. That was seven years ago, and since then,…

  15. Diabetes Movie (For Parents)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Q&A Recipes En Español Teachers - Looking for Health Lessons? Visit KidsHealth in the Classroom What Other Parents Are Reading Measles: What to Know Vaccines: FAQs NBA Exercise Ideas for Kids Tips for Treating the Flu Pregnancy Precautions Checkups: What ...

  16. ???????????????????????? ?????????? A Study on University Circulation Librarian’s Service Strategy to Cope with Aggressive Patron: The Perspective of Emotional Labor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Su-May Sheih


    Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????The aggressive patrons’ outrageous and unreasonable behavior would have serious influence on circulation librarians. However, in order to maintain the service quality, “emotional labor” is usually performed by the librarians when encounter aggressive patrons. Emotional labor is the manipulation of the required emotional expression, and the strategies used to maintain the service quality. To understand circulation librarians’ service strategies coping with aggressive patrons from the perspective of emotional labor, semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted in this study. The interviewees consisted of 15 university circulation librarians all over Taiwan. The findings revealed that the factors which may elicit aggressive reaction included library services and the patrons’ personal traits. And to cope with the aggressive patrons, the circulation librarians would employ self-controlling, surface acting, and other service strategies such as persuasion or active listening.

  17. Lo Que los Padres y los Maestros Deberian Saber sobre la...Aceleraction (What Parents and Teachers Should Know about Academic Acceleration). (United States)

    Guenther, Alex

    Designed for Spanish-speaking educators and parents, this pamphlet discusses academic acceleration for gifted children. Major types of academic acceleration and their benefits are described. These include: (1) early admission to kindergarten that saves parents of gifted children the expenses of a year of preschool, allows children to be…

  18. Definitely NOT Alone! Online Resources and Websites Help Keep School Librarians Connected (United States)

    Church, Audrey P.


    Being a solo librarian today is certainly challenging; however, because of technological interconnectedness, today's solo librarian is definitely not alone. Technology allows a school librarian to immediately and constantly connect and interact with other school librarians. This article discusses online resources and websites that will allow a…

  19. Conocimientos y consumo alimentario en escolares, sus padres y profesores: un análisis comparativo / Food knowledge and food consumption in school-age children, parents and teachers: a comparative analysis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fernando, Vio del R; Judith, Salinas C; Lydia, Lera M; Carmen Gloria, González G; Carolina, Huenchupán M.


    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue hacer un análisis comparativo del conocimiento y consumo alimentario entre los escolares, sus padres y profesores, que sirva como línea de base para un modelo de intervención educativa en alimentación y nutrición en el ámbito escolar. Para ello se realizaron encuestas [...] a niños y niñas de prekinder, kínder, primero y segundo año básico, sus padres y profesores acerca del conocimiento y consumo de alimentos saludables y no saludables. Se encontró un excelente conocimiento en los niños de lo que era una alimentación saludable, con un adecuado consumo de ellos. En los padres, en cambio, a pesar de tener conocimientos adecuados, su consumo era muy poco saludable, al igual que en los profesores. Respecto a la distribución de las comidas en el día, un 98% de los padres señaló que toman desayuno; un 96% que almuerzan y un 77% que toman té u once. En la noche cenan tan sólo un 55%, siendo este hábito significativamente mayor en los padres de prekinder y kínder que en los de 1° y 2° año básico. Los padres de prebásica no dan dinero Conducta de los padres en a sus hijos para que compren golosinas en la escuela; sin embargo un 33% de los padres de primero y segundo básico si lo hacen, lo que demuestra que existe una mayor preocupación por la alimentación saludable en los niños más pequeños, que se pierde cuando ingresan a la educación básica. Todo lo anterior demuestra que es imperativo contar con programas de educación alimentaria y nutricional que considere la situación actual de conocimientos y hábitos de consumo de los niños, sus padres y profesores, para que los incluya en forma conjunta en la educación alimentaria nutricional. Abstract in english The objective of this study was to conduct a comparative analysis about food knowledge and food consumption in preschool and school-age children, their parents and teachers to establish a baseline for a nutrition education intervention model in schools. For that purpose, surveys were administered ab [...] out healthy and non-healthy food knowledge and food consumption. Results showed an excellent healthy food knowledge and food consumption in children. In parents, despite a good knowledge about healthy food, consumption was unhealthy. The same situation was found in teachers. Distribution of food during the day showed that 98% of parents had breakfast; 96% had lunch, and 77% had an afternoon snack instead of dinner (just 55% had dinner). The number of pre-school age parents who ate dinner was significantly higher than school-age parents. Pre-school age parents did not give money to their children to buy snacks at the school; however, a third of the school-age parents gave money to their children. This demonstrates a major care for healthy food in pre-school age children that is not maintained during the first school grades. This study shows the need to design food and nutrition education programs considering the present food knowledge and food consumption of pre-school and school age children, their parents and teachers.

  20. Conocimientos y consumo alimentario en escolares, sus padres y profesores: un análisis comparativo Food knowledge and food consumption in school-age children, parents and teachers: a comparative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Vio del R


    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue hacer un análisis comparativo del conocimiento y consumo alimentario entre los escolares, sus padres y profesores, que sirva como línea de base para un modelo de intervención educativa en alimentación y nutrición en el ámbito escolar. Para ello se realizaron encuestas a niños y niñas de prekinder, kínder, primero y segundo año básico, sus padres y profesores acerca del conocimiento y consumo de alimentos saludables y no saludables. Se encontró un excelente conocimiento en los niños de lo que era una alimentación saludable, con un adecuado consumo de ellos. En los padres, en cambio, a pesar de tener conocimientos adecuados, su consumo era muy poco saludable, al igual que en los profesores. Respecto a la distribución de las comidas en el día, un 98% de los padres señaló que toman desayuno; un 96% que almuerzan y un 77% que toman té u once. En la noche cenan tan sólo un 55%, siendo este hábito significativamente mayor en los padres de prekinder y kínder que en los de 1° y 2° año básico. Los padres de prebásica no dan dinero Conducta de los padres en a sus hijos para que compren golosinas en la escuela; sin embargo un 33% de los padres de primero y segundo básico si lo hacen, lo que demuestra que existe una mayor preocupación por la alimentación saludable en los niños más pequeños, que se pierde cuando ingresan a la educación básica. Todo lo anterior demuestra que es imperativo contar con programas de educación alimentaria y nutricional que considere la situación actual de conocimientos y hábitos de consumo de los niños, sus padres y profesores, para que los incluya en forma conjunta en la educación alimentaria nutricional.The objective of this study was to conduct a comparative analysis about food knowledge and food consumption in preschool and school-age children, their parents and teachers to establish a baseline for a nutrition education intervention model in schools. For that purpose, surveys were administered about healthy and non-healthy food knowledge and food consumption. Results showed an excellent healthy food knowledge and food consumption in children. In parents, despite a good knowledge about healthy food, consumption was unhealthy. The same situation was found in teachers. Distribution of food during the day showed that 98% of parents had breakfast; 96% had lunch, and 77% had an afternoon snack instead of dinner (just 55% had dinner. The number of pre-school age parents who ate dinner was significantly higher than school-age parents. Pre-school age parents did not give money to their children to buy snacks at the school; however, a third of the school-age parents gave money to their children. This demonstrates a major care for healthy food in pre-school age children that is not maintained during the first school grades. This study shows the need to design food and nutrition education programs considering the present food knowledge and food consumption of pre-school and school age children, their parents and teachers.

  1. Parent Perceptions and Recommendations about Homework Involving Wikis and Blogs (United States)

    Portier, Christine A.; Peterson, Shelley Stagg; Capitao-Tavares, Zelia; Rambaran, Kamla


    Homework is an important way for teachers to develop relationships with their students' parents and other caregivers. The learning activities teachers assign for homework provide parents a window into the content and skills their children are learning at school. Parents have a chance to participate in their children's schooling by…

  2. Cultural Differences in the Relationship between Parenting and Children's Behavior (United States)

    Ho, Caroline; Bluestein, Deborah N.; Jenkins, Jennifer M.


    Parent and teacher data for 14,990 children from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth were used in multilevel analyses to examine the relationship between ethnicity, children's aggression and emotional problems, and parenting. Using parent and teacher report, relationships between ethnicity and child behavior were present but…

  3. Using Technology to Increase Parent Involvement in Schools (United States)

    Olmstead, Christine


    The importance of parent involvement in Parents who monitor their student's schoolwork and daily activities, communicate frequently with teachers and help develop schools and its relationship to student achievement have been widely studied. Nevertheless, many principals and teachers report that lack of parent involvement continues to be an…

  4. Role of Librarian in Internet and World Wide Web Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Nageswara Rao


    Full Text Available The transition of traditional library collections to digital or virtual collections presented the librarian with new opportunities. The Internet, Web en-vironment and associated sophisticated tools have given the librarian a new dynamic role to play and serve the new information based society in bet-ter ways than hitherto. Because of the powerful features of Web i.e. distributed, heterogeneous, collaborative, multimedia, multi-protocol, hyperme-dia-oriented architecture, World Wide Web has revolutionized the way people access information, and has opened up new possibilities in areas such as digital libraries, virtual libraries, scientific information retrieval and dissemination. Not only the world is becoming interconnected, but also the use of Internet and Web has changed the fundamental roles, paradigms, and organizational culture of libraries and librarians as well. The article describes the limitless scope of Internet and Web, the existence of the librarian in the changing environment, parallelism between information sci-ence and information technology, librarians and intelligent agents, working of intelligent agents, strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities in-volved in the relationship between librarians and the Web. The role of librarian in Internet and Web environment especially as intermediary, facilita-tor, end-user trainer, Web site builder, researcher, interface designer, knowledge manager and sifter of information resources is also described.

  5. Inclusão de crianças com Síndrome de Down e paralisia cerebral no ensino fundamental I: comparação dos relatos de mães e professores / Inclusion of children with Down Syndrome and cerebral palsy in elementary schools: comparison between parents' and teachers' reports

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Clara Regina Abdalla, Ferraz; Marcos Vinícius de, Araújo; Luiz Renato Rodrigues, Carreiro.


    Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O princípio fundamental da escola inclusiva é de que todas as crianças aprendam juntas, independentemente de dificuldades ou diferenças. Hoje, há necessidade de revisão da inclusão de alunos com deficiências e da função da escola como contribuinte do seu desenvolvimento. Diante disso, percebe-se a i [...] mportância da interação pais e escola para efetivação desse processo. Assim, este trabalho buscou conhecer o processo de inclusão do aluno com Síndrome de Down (SD) e Paralisia Cerebral (PC), a partir da comparação dos relatos de pais e professores e analisar como sua interação afeta o processo de inclusão. Participaram deste estudo 4 mães com filhos com PC, 4 mães com filhos com SD e 8 respectivos professores dessas crianças, do ensino público regular de um município na grande São Paulo. Utilizou-se uma entrevista estruturada construída pelos pesquisadores e adaptada para pais e professores. Para análise foram identificadas as categorias que emergiram dos relatos dos grupos. Como resultados observaram-se: oportunidade da inclusão diminuir o preconceito; a expectativa dos pais em matricular o filho na escola regular como possibilidade de aprender a ler e a escrever ao menos o nome. Por outro lado, os professores declaram não se sentirem preparados para este trabalho; entretanto, mesmo sem orientações, recursos e estrutura física adequada, trabalham para efetivação do aprendizado em sala de aula. A escola deve possibilitar condições para que os pais e professores se comuniquem de forma adequada e assim compartilhem conhecimentos indispensáveis para a inclusão e aprendizado efetivo de crianças com SD e PC. Abstract in english The fundamental principle of inclusive schools is that all children learn together, no matter their differences or difficulties. Currently, there is a need to review the inclusion of students who have disabilities, and the role of schools as contributors to their development. Thus, the importance of [...] parent-school interaction can be a key to the effectiveness of this process. This paper aimed to understand the inclusion process of students with Down Syndrome (DS) and Cerebral Palsy (CP) by comparing parent and teacher reports and analyzing how their interaction affects the process of inclusion. The participants were four mothers of children with CP, four mothers of children with DS and these children's eight teachers, who work in regular public school in greater São Paulo. A semi-structured interview was developed by the researchers and adapted for parents and teachers. The categories of analysis emerged from the reports. The results indicated: the opportunity of inclusion diminishes prejudice; parents expect that when they enroll their children in mainstream education, they will at least learn to read and write their own names. Teachers reported they did not feel prepared for this job; nevertheless, even without orientation, resources and appropriate physical structure, they seek to achieve an effective learning environment in the classroom. Schools should provide conditions for proper parent-teacher communication, to enable them to share essential information for the inclusion and effective learning of children with DS and CP.

  6. Inclusão de crianças com Síndrome de Down e paralisia cerebral no ensino fundamental I: comparação dos relatos de mães e professores Inclusion of children with Down Syndrome and cerebral palsy in elementary schools: comparison between parents' and teachers' reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Regina Abdalla Ferraz


    Full Text Available O princípio fundamental da escola inclusiva é de que todas as crianças aprendam juntas, independentemente de dificuldades ou diferenças. Hoje, há necessidade de revisão da inclusão de alunos com deficiências e da função da escola como contribuinte do seu desenvolvimento. Diante disso, percebe-se a importância da interação pais e escola para efetivação desse processo. Assim, este trabalho buscou conhecer o processo de inclusão do aluno com Síndrome de Down (SD e Paralisia Cerebral (PC, a partir da comparação dos relatos de pais e professores e analisar como sua interação afeta o processo de inclusão. Participaram deste estudo 4 mães com filhos com PC, 4 mães com filhos com SD e 8 respectivos professores dessas crianças, do ensino público regular de um município na grande São Paulo. Utilizou-se uma entrevista estruturada construída pelos pesquisadores e adaptada para pais e professores. Para análise foram identificadas as categorias que emergiram dos relatos dos grupos. Como resultados observaram-se: oportunidade da inclusão diminuir o preconceito; a expectativa dos pais em matricular o filho na escola regular como possibilidade de aprender a ler e a escrever ao menos o nome. Por outro lado, os professores declaram não se sentirem preparados para este trabalho; entretanto, mesmo sem orientações, recursos e estrutura física adequada, trabalham para efetivação do aprendizado em sala de aula. A escola deve possibilitar condições para que os pais e professores se comuniquem de forma adequada e assim compartilhem conhecimentos indispensáveis para a inclusão e aprendizado efetivo de crianças com SD e PC.The fundamental principle of inclusive schools is that all children learn together, no matter their differences or difficulties. Currently, there is a need to review the inclusion of students who have disabilities, and the role of schools as contributors to their development. Thus, the importance of parent-school interaction can be a key to the effectiveness of this process. This paper aimed to understand the inclusion process of students with Down Syndrome (DS and Cerebral Palsy (CP by comparing parent and teacher reports and analyzing how their interaction affects the process of inclusion. The participants were four mothers of children with CP, four mothers of children with DS and these children's eight teachers, who work in regular public school in greater São Paulo. A semi-structured interview was developed by the researchers and adapted for parents and teachers. The categories of analysis emerged from the reports. The results indicated: the opportunity of inclusion diminishes prejudice; parents expect that when they enroll their children in mainstream education, they will at least learn to read and write their own names. Teachers reported they did not feel prepared for this job; nevertheless, even without orientation, resources and appropriate physical structure, they seek to achieve an effective learning environment in the classroom. Schools should provide conditions for proper parent-teacher communication, to enable them to share essential information for the inclusion and effective learning of children with DS and CP.

  7. Academic Optimism: An Individual Teacher Belief (United States)

    Ngidi, David P.


    In this study, academic optimism as an individual teacher belief was investigated. Teachers' self-efficacy beliefs were measured using the short form of the Teacher Sense of Efficacy Scale. One subtest from the Omnibus T-Scale, the faculty trust in clients subtest, was used to measure teachers' trust in students and parents. One subtest from the…

  8. Examining Teacher Perspectives of Creative Relaxation (United States)

    Froeschle, Janet G.; Crews, Charles R.


    Middle school teachers display large amounts of stress affecting student academic achievement as well as the entire school environment (Clausen & Petruka, 2009; Stoeber & Rennert, 2008). For example, teacher stress may lead to student behavioral problems, poor teacher-parent relationships, conflicts with peers, and lack of teacher autonomy…

  9. Relationship academic librarian - student: student’s knowledge of academic librarians’ work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mira Vidic


    Full Text Available An academic library is supposed to provide quality services to the students, faculty employees and others. The students, who constitute the majority of the users, often seem to lack the skills and knowledge necessary to navigate and locate items within the library during this crucial period of life between education and employment.University librarians play a key role in explaining all the services of an academic library.A library is used by students mostly as a place to study, wait for their classes to start or search for the necessary literature. A question arose: how well do the students know the duties of academic librarians and how to encourage them to learn more about their work and find out what these information technology experts can offer? Students of the University of Ljubljana have been interviewed to determine that. 98 students of the average age of 23 years were interviewed in December 2008 and January 2009. The results showed their poor knowledge of academic libraries as most of the students do not know how many people are employed there and what their skills and everyday duties are. They do believe, however, that the professors encourage them to visit the library, but sadly do not perceive the librarians as qualified assistants of the faculty and only seldom credit them for their part in achieving their scholastic performance. We can therefore conclude that academic librarians are not key persons to the students during the time of attending the university. The academic library should try harder to emphasize its prominence and role in tertiary education as a key factor in information literacy - an important part of lifelong learning.

  10. Parental Assessment of Peer Play: Development and Validation of the Parent Version of the Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale. (United States)

    Fantuzzo, John; Mendez, Julia; Tighe, Erin


    Evaluated the construct validity of the parent version of the Penn Interactive Peer Play Scale (PIPPS) and compared this version with the teacher version. Findings support the use of the PIPPS parent version. Parent version replicated the three-factor solution found with the teacher version, supporting the following constructs of peer play: Play…

  11. Falamos da mesma criança? Concordância mãe - pai - professores na avaliação do temperamento de crianças portuguesas / Is that the same child? Parents' and teachers' agreement in temperament assessment of portuguese children

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria João, Seabra-Santos; Margarida Sousa, Almeida.


    Full Text Available Com este trabalho pretendeu-se analisar o grau de concordância entre diferentes informadores - mães, pais, professores do ensino regular e dos apoios educativos (quando aplicável) - na avaliação do temperamento de crianças com 2 a 7 anos de idade. O estudo incidiu sobre uma amostra de 138 crianças, [...] distribuídas por quatro grupos com diferentes características desenvolvimentais: síndrome de Down, Autismo, Nascimento Prematuro e Desenvolvimento Normal. Os informadores preencheram a Temperament Assessment Battery for Children - Revised nas versões para pais ou para professores. Encontraram-se correlações elevadas entre informadores que observam a criança no mesmo contexto e baixas entre avaliações de adultos pertencentes a contextos diferentes. Os resultados são discutidos em função das suas possíveis implicações para a avaliação do temperamento de crianças. Abstract in english This study was intended to address the issue of convergence between informants (mother, father, regular teacher and special education teacher, whenever applicable) when assessing the temperament of children between 2 and 7 years old. The study was based on a sample of 138 children, distributed into [...] four groups with different developmental characteristics: Down syndrome, Autism, Premature Birth, and Normal Development. Informants filled in the Temperament Assessment Battery for Children - Revised in its parents' or teachers' versions. Whereas correlations between assessments made by adults of different contexts were low, high correlations were found between informants who observe the child in the same context. Results are discussed in terms of their possible implications for the assessment of children's temperament.

  12. Parent Involvement in Education: Ideology and Experience. (United States)

    Waggoner, Kimberly; Griffith, Alison


    Examines parent involvement complexities from the differing standpoints of school volunteers and teachers, mostly women. Explores the construction of the family-school relationship in four Louisiana schools serving low-income children. For educators, parental involvement was ideologically bounded by school walls. Parents' descriptions stressed…

  13. Sustaining librarian vitality: embedded librarianship model for health sciences libraries. (United States)

    Wu, Lin; Mi, Misa


    With biomedical information widely accessible from anywhere at any time, health sciences libraries have become less centralized, and they are challenged to stay relevant and vital to the mission and strategic goals of their home institution. One solution is to embed librarians at strategic points in health professions' education, research, and patient care. This article discusses a proposed five-level model of embedded librarianship within the context of health sciences libraries and describes different roles, knowledge, and skills desirable for health sciences librarians working as embedded librarians. PMID:23869633

  14. The age demographics of academic librarians a profession apart

    CERN Document Server

    Wilder, Stanley


    The Age Demographics of Academic Librarians: A Profession Apart discusses the current demographics of librarianship in North America and examines how a huge retiree rate will affect the profession. With the average age of librarians increasing dramatically since 1990, this book examines the changes that will have to take place in your library, such as recruiting, training, and working with a smaller staff. The Age Demographics of Academic Librarians provides you with insights on how to make your library's transition easier when several of your colleagues leave your library. Valuable and intell

  15. Librarians as hidden gems in a clinical team. (United States)

    Schwing, Laurie J; Coldsmith, Elizabeth E


    Medical librarians typically contribute to patient care from the confines of the library in response to practitioners' requests for literature searches, information pearls, and evidence-based information. While this model has long served the needs of active clinicians, the learning environment of residency programs is ripe for innovative librarian involvement. This paper illustrates how the librarian can become part of a clinical team outside of the library and provide real-time reference services while teaching by example. Benefits of the alliance include the integration of disciplines to provide enhanced resident learning and improved patient care. PMID:15760831

  16. Parent drug use, parent personality, and parenting. (United States)

    Brook, J S; Whiteman, M; Balka, E B; Cohen, P


    This study examined the relationship of parent drug use and specific parent personality traits with four indicators of the parent-child bond: affection, child-centeredness, involvement, and nonconflictual relations. The participants (N = 71) were young mothers or fathers who have participated in a longitudinal study of 1,000 children and their parents from 1975 to the present. They answered a self-administered questionnaire about themselves and their oldest child. Regression analyses indicated that the domains of parent drug use and parent personality had independent effects on most of the parent-child variables. Specific parent personality traits buffered the effect of drug use on aspects of the bond. The implications of these findings are that reducing parental drug use can have direct and positive effects on the bond and can enhance some parent personality traits, thus strengthening the bond. Protective personality characteristics can mitigate the impact of drug use on the bond. PMID:7798074

  17. Twenty-first-century kids, twenty-first-century librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Walter, Virginia A


    Inspired by a new generation of librarians and children, Walter reconsiders the legacy passed on by the matriarchs of children's services and examines more recent trends and challenges growing out of changes in educational philosophy and information technology.

  18. Pornography in the Public Library, Are Librarians Ignoring Its Role? (United States)

    Wertheimer, Leonard


    Discusses the pros and cons of pornography as an information source and of its inclusion among library materials. Attitudes towards pornography, particularly those of librarians, are examined; however no conclusions or recommendations are drawn. (RAA)

  19. Electronic publishing: implications for health sciences libraries and librarians.


    Schulman, J. L.


    Increasingly we hear of "electronic publishing" in the form of books and journals made available as databases, either through traditional online services or through electronic message services. This paper explores its potential impact on the medical library community and on the relationship between end user and librarian. The librarian's new roles as intermediary, facilitator, and advocate for end users are examined. The question of developing expertise for evaluating information as well as f...

  20. Personal information and reference management : librarians’ increasing creativity


    Fourie, Ina


    This column seeks to explore the potential of personal information management (PIM) and reference management to offer more than easy citation of information sources and the creation of bibliographies. The emphasis is on the role librarians and information professionals (hereafter referred to only as librarians) can play in raising awareness of the potential of PIM and reference management and issues to be considered. The end goal is increasing quality, productivity, collaboration and creat...

  1. MOOCs as a Professional Development Tool for Librarians


    Meghan Ecclestone


    This article explores how reference and instructional librarians taking over new areas of subject responsibility can develop professional expertise using new eLearning tools called MOOCs. MOOCs – Massive Open Online Courses – are a new online learning model that offers free higher education courses to anyone with an Internet connection and a keen interest to learn. As MOOCs proliferate, librarians have the opportunity to leverage this technology to improve their professional skills.

  2. MOOCs as a Professional Development Tool for Librarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meghan Ecclestone


    Full Text Available This article explores how reference and instructional librarians taking over new areas of subject responsibility can develop professional expertise using new eLearning tools called MOOCs. MOOCs – Massive Open Online Courses – are a new online learning model that offers free higher education courses to anyone with an Internet connection and a keen interest to learn. As MOOCs proliferate, librarians have the opportunity to leverage this technology to improve their professional skills.





    The transformation of the traditional libraries into e-resources base digital libraries represented new opportunities and the new ways to the library professionals to provide the satisfactory users need. The role of the libraries and the librarians has changed in the e-environment and the library professionals became multitalented personality. This paper also describes the multipurpose role of the librarians in the digital age.

  4. The librarian as a partner in nursing education.


    Layton, B.; Hahn, K.


    Welch Medical Library has explored new roles for librarians in knowledge management instruction programs throughout the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing curricula. These programs have created roles for library staff as both instructors and knowledge management experts. By fostering strong communication and attention to quality instruction, librarians achieved their vision of a program in knowledge management integrated into the curriculum, where they are partners working with nursin...

  5. Role of Librarian in Internet and World Wide Web Environment


    Nageswara Rao, K.; Kh, Babu


    The transition of traditional library collections to digital or virtual collections presented the librarian with new opportunities. The Internet, Web en-vironment and associated sophisticated tools have given the librarian a new dynamic role to play and serve the new information based society in bet-ter ways than hitherto. Because of the powerful features of Web i.e. distributed, heterogeneous, collaborative, multimedia, multi-protocol, hyperme-dia-oriented architecture, World Wide Web has re...

  6. Key professional principles for South African academic librarians


    Coetsee, Tertia; Weiner, Sharon A.


    This article examines academic librarianship in South Africa; general trends and challenges in academic librarianship; and the higher education (HE) environment in which academic libraries exist. The authors propose that South African academic librarians adopt several key professional principles to best support the priorities of their institutions. Academic librarians who understand and respond to trends occurring in the larger context of HE will continue to have a critical rol...

  7. Parenting Conflicts (United States)

    ... Family Dynamics > Parenting Conflicts Family Life Listen Parenting Conflicts Article Body My spouse and I have different ... making responsibilities are divided within the family. Overt Conflict Too often, parents argue and openly challenge each ...

  8. Academic Librarians’ Conception and Use of Evidence Sources in Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Koufogiannakis


    Full Text Available Objective – The objective of this study was to explore and understand how academic librarians use evidence in their professional decision making. Theresearcher aimed to gain insights on the relevance of the current EBLIP model topractice, and to understand the possible connections between scientific researchand tacit knowledge within the practice of LIS.Methods – A grounded theory methodology was used, following the approach ofCharmaz (2006. Participants were 19 academic librarians in Canada. Data wasgathered via online diaries and semi-structured interviews over a six-month periodin 2011.Results – Two broad types of evidence were identified (hard and soft, and aregenerally used in conjunction with one another. Librarians examine all evidencesources with a critical eye, and try to determine a complete picture before reachinga conclusion. As well, librarians use a variety of proactive and passive approachesto find evidence.Conclusions – These results provide a strong message that no single evidencesource is perfect. Consequently, librarians bring different types of evidencetogether in order to be as informed as possible before making a decision. Using acombination of evidence sources, depending upon the problem, is the wayacademic librarians approach decision making.

  9. Middle East Materials for Teachers, Students, Non-Specialists. (United States)

    Jones, Catherine E., Ed.

    This annotated bibliography is intended for teachers, students, school librarians, and others as an aid in selecting materials to support teaching about the Middle East. Eleven chapters cover: (1) "Reference and General Works"; (2) "Physical Geography"; (3) "Folktales, Literature, Fiction"; (4) "Religion"; (5) "Peoples and Cultures"; (6) "History…

  10. Integrating Information Literacy into Teacher Education: A Successful Grant Project (United States)

    Earp, Vanessa


    Information literacy has gained importance over the last few decades, not only among librarians, but also with higher education faculty. Information literacy instruction is important for all college-level students. However, it is essential for teacher education students who must not only be information literate themselves, but also be able to…

  11. Expectations and Anticipations of Middle and High School Special Education Teachers in Preparing Their Students with Intellectual Disability for Future Adult Roles Including Those as Partner and Parent (United States)

    Pedersen, Mette


    Through a series of individual ethnographic interviews and focus groups, I explored the expectations and anticipations of middle and high school special education teachers as they carry out their professional charge of educating their students with intellectual disability for lives in the least restrictive environment, including possible adult…

  12. Using Parent and Teacher Voices in the Creation of a Western-Based Early Childhood English-Language Program in China (United States)

    Shimpi, Priya M.; Paik, Jae H.; Wanerman, Todd; Johnson, Rebecca; Li, Hui; Duh, Shinchieh


    The current English-language research and educational program was driven by an initiative to create a more interactive, theme-based bilingual language education model for preschools in Chengdu, China. During a 2-week teacher education program centered at the Experimental Kindergarten of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Chengdu, China, a team of…

  13. Pais e/ou professores? Acordo entre informadores na avaliação socioemocional de pré-escolares / Parents and/or teachers? Inter-ratter agreement on preschoolers social-emotional assessment

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sofia, Major; Maria João, Seabra-Santos.


    Full Text Available Pais e professores são os informadores mais requisitados na avaliação socioemocional em idade pré-escolar. Todavia, o facto de informadores que interagem com a criança em diversos contextos poderem ter perspetivas distintas coloca, frequentemente, em causa a fiabilidade e validade desses relatos. O [...] presente artigo tem por objetivo rever 22 estudos de 57 identificados, publicados desde 1987 até 2011, acerca do acordo entre informadores dos contextos familiar e escolar, no preenchimento de inventários comportamentais. Os vários estudos sugerem um grau de acordo reduzido a moderado e a inexistência de um informador-chave na avaliação socioemocional, alertando para a necessidade de recolha paralela da perspetiva de pais e professores, para obter um retrato mais completo dos comportamentos. São discutidas as implicações dos resultados para estudos futuros. Abstract in english Parents and teachers are the most requested informants for preschool social-emotional assessment. However, the fact that informants who interact with the child in different settings may have different perspectives frequently calls into question the reliability and validity of these reports. The pres [...] ent paper intends to review 22 studies of 57 identified, published between 1987 and 2011, about the agreement between informants from home and school settings while completing rating scales. The studies suggest a low to moderate informant agreement and the inexistence of a key-informant in social-emotional assessment, therefore drawing attention to the need to collect the perspectives of both parents and teachers, as a means of achieving a more complete picture of behaviors. Results are discussed in their implications for future research.

  14. Parent Reading Beliefs and Parenting Goals of Netherlands Antillean and Dutch Mothers in the Netherlands (United States)

    Boomstra, Nienke; van Dijk, Marijn; Jorna, René; van Geert, Paul


    Parent reading beliefs are the ideas that parents have concerning the influence of reading and their own efficacy as language teachers to their children. In the intervention More Languages, More Opportunities, one of the goals is to positively influence the parental reading beliefs. The participants were 16 mother-child couples from bilingual…

  15. Age Discrepancies in the Understanding and Use of Modern Technology, Espeicially the Mass Media. Or How Parents and Teachers Fail to Tune in on the Children's Media Envioronment. (United States)

    Mead, Margaret

    Education may be looked at in terms of maintenance systems in which children are simply taught what adults know, maintenance and change systems in which provision is made for teaching children what their own parents do not know but which some adults know, and emergent systems in which children have to learn what no adult has ever learned in the…


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egidija NOVLJAN


    Full Text Available The cooperation between the teacher and parents is very sensitive and significant field in context of promotion the development of the disabled children.With that in this article are elaborate many questions connected with successful communication between the teacher and parents. In the some time we have been engrossed in factors which made obstruct in communication, the tasks and the large register of the forms of cooperation in which are build in the huge experience come by former practice.

  17. Percepción sobre factores estresantes en estudiantes de Medicina de primer semestre, sus padres y sus maestros / Perception of stressors on medical students in the first semester, their parents and teachers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marian Elizabeth, Phinder-Puente; Alfonso, Sánchez-Cardel; Francisco, Romero-Castellanos; Joseph, Vizcarra-García; Enrique Alejandro, Sánchez-Valdivieso.


    Full Text Available Introducción: El estudiante de Medicina que se somete a niveles de estrés elevados, puede resultar con una gama de desórdenes mentales. Investigamos la percepción de estudiantes de primer semestre de Medicina, sus padres y sus profesores, sobre los factores estresantes en su día a día. Método: Diseñ [...] amos una guía de entrevista revisada y validada, y con ella entrevistamos a estudiantes, catedráticos de Medicina y padres de familia, y triangulamos la información. Por medio de metodología cualitativa se utilizó el diseño de "Teoría Fundamentada" de tipo sistemático, llegando a la saturación de categorías y el texto seleccionado, fue codificado y categorizado (codificación abierta). Resultados: la mayoría de los entrevistados, tanto estudiantes, padres y profesores consideran que si se llega a producir estrés es por falta de estudio y organización, ya que desde el inicio los estudiantes y sus padres esperaban una carrera difícil. Conclusiones: El estrés va implícito en la vida del estudiante de Medicina, donde la organización y las técnicas de estudio son importantes. Recomendamos impartir talleres sobre manejo del tiempo y técnicas de estudio. Abstract in english Introduction: Medical student may be subjected to high levels of daily stress, which can result in a number of mental disorders. We investigate the perception of first semester students of Medicine, their parents and teachers, on the stressors in their daily lives. Method: A questionnaire was design [...] ed and validated by experts and with this self-assessment questionnaire several students, professors of medicine and parents were interviewed, and data triangulated. As a qualitative research methodology, systematic "Grounded Theory" was chosen; reaching saturation of categories, and text was then coded and categorized (open coding). Result: Most respondents, both students, parents and teachers, think that high level stress occurs in case one do not have organized learning habits including time management, self-discipline, and effort. Conclusions: Stress is implicit in the life of a medical student, where organization and study skills are important. We recommend giving workshops on time management and study skills.

  18. A Descriptive Analysis of a Chemistry Teacher's Web Site. (United States)

    Crippen, Kent J.; Brooks, David W.

    Teacher Web sites offer a means of establishing better communication between parent and teacher. We describe an example of a strategy we have found to be successful for a high school chemistry teacher. The Web site was available to parents and students using a dynamic database and provided a day-by-day lesson schedule, homework assignments, due…

  19. The Teacher's Role in Facilitating a Child's Adjustment to Divorce, (United States)

    Skeen, Patsy; McKenry, Patrick C.


    Provides information enabling teachers to support children and families during divorce. Research and theory concerning the effects of divorce on children, parenting through divorce, and the role of the school are summarized. Practical suggestions for the teacher are presented, and relevant books for children, teachers, and parents are identified.…

  20. Agreement between the Board of Trustees of Henry Ford Community College and the Henry Ford Community College Federation of Teachers, American Federation of Teachers Local 1650, 1987-1990. (United States)

    Henry Ford Community Coll., Dearborn, MI.

    This collective bargaining agreement between the Board of Trustees of Henry Ford Community College and the Henry Ford Community College Federation of Teachers establishes conditions of employment for all full-time teachers, counselors, librarians, placement officers, and selected other professional personnel. The articles in the agreement set…

  1. Embedded librarian: relato de uma experiência na Psicologia brasileira / Embedded librarian: rapport d’une expérience en psychologie brésilienne / Embedded librarian: Report of an experience in Brazilian Psychology / Embedded librarian: relato de una experiencia en la Psicología brasileña

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    André, Serradas.


    Full Text Available O presente relato apresenta as principais atividades e desafios de um embedded librarian, ou bibliotecário integrado, junto aos diversos grupos envolvidos nos processos de comunicação científica e, mais especificamente, relacionados aos periódicos científicos da área de Psicologia. A existência de u [...] m bibliotecário integrado a esses grupos favoreceu a comunicação e interação entre eles e contribuiu também para a qualificação de um conjunto de periódicos científicos da área. Abstract in spanish El presente relato expone las principales actividades y desafíos de un embedded librarian, o bibliotecario integrado, junto a los diversos grupos involucrados en los procesos de comunicación científica y, más específicamente, relacionados a las revistas científicas del área. La existencia de un bibl [...] iotecario integrado a esos grupos favoreció una comunicación e integración entre ellos y contribuyó también para la calificación en un conjunto de revistas científicas del área. Abstract in english This report presents the main activities and challenges of an embedded librarian, or a librarian integrated, with many groups involved in the scientific communication process and particularly related to scientific journals in Psychology. The existence of a librarian integrated with these groups has [...] supported the communication and interaction between them. It has also contributed to the qualification of a set of scientific journals in the area.

  2. Individualized Education Plans (IEPs) (For Parents) (United States)

    ... join the regular classes for nonacademic activities (like music and gym) or in academic activities in which ... 504 Education Plans Delayed Speech or Language Development Autism Parent-Teacher Conferences Contact Us Print Additional resources ...

  3. The Parents' Choice Foundation (United States)

    Parents of young people today may find it difficult to sort the proverbial wheat from the chaff when it comes to locating and evaluating quality educational activities and entertainment for their children. Fortunately there is the Parents' Choice Foundation, which (since 1978) has served as a non-partisan evaluator of children's books, videos, toys, audio products, computer software, television, and magazines. Each year, the foundation releases lists of its recommended products, based on the opinions of teachers, parents, and, appropriately, young people themselves. The criteria for selection is quite rigorous, as the judges are looking for products that honor universal human values, teach with flair, stimulate imagination, inspire creativity, and above all do not "extol violence." On the website, visitors can examine lists of these products dating back to 1995, read about the current award winners, and examine themed reading lists, such as those dealing with science fiction and those designed especially with compel young boys to develop a love of reading.

  4. A “Partnership” for the Professional Development of Librarian Researchers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Carson


    Full Text Available In this article the authors introduce the Librarians’ Research Partnership (LRP, founded in 2013, at McGill and Concordia University Libraries. The Partnership was inspired by the Canadian Association of Research Libraries’ Librarians’ Research Institute (CARL LRI which was attended by three of the authors in 2012 and is described here from the point of view of the participants. The authors touch upon the research culture at McGill and Concordia Libraries and discuss barriers and supports for research as prominent themes in the literature on the research role of Canadian academic librarians. The formation of the LRP and the eight subsequent meetings are explained in detail, as well as the factors that made the LRP a successful initiative between the two universities: physical proximity, similarity of working environments, and common organizational culture. The article also includes a discussion of how the LRP’s philosophy might diverge from that of the LRI.

  5. Demystifying eResearch a primer for librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, Victoria


    Today's librarians need to be technology-savvy information experts who understand how to manage datasets. Demystifying eResearch: A Primer for Librarians prepares librarians for careers that involve eResearch, clearly defining what it is and how it impacts library services and collections, explaining key terms and concepts, and explaining the importance of the field. You will come to understand exactly how the use of networked computing technologies enhances and supports collaboration and innovative methods particularly in scientific research, learn about eResearch library initiatives and best practices, and recognize the professional development opportunities that eResearch offers. This book takes the broad approach to the complex topic of eResearch and how it pertains to the library community, providing an introduction that will be accessible to readers without a background in electronic research. The author presents a conceptual overview of eResearch with real-world examples of electronic research activit...

  6. The Benefits of Non-Library Professional Organization Membership for Liaison Librarians (United States)

    Bennett, Miranda Henry


    Although liaison librarians have two important professional identities--librarian and subject specialist--the library literature has paid scant attention to their membership and participation in non-library professional organizations. This article analyzes a study of ten librarians who joined non-library associations and concludes that membership…

  7. 37 CFR 251.53 - Report to the Librarian of Congress. (United States)


    ...2010-07-01 false Report to the Librarian of Congress. 251.53 Section 251...Royalty Panels § 251.53 Report to the Librarian of Congress. (a) At any time...Arbitration Royalty Panel shall deliver to the Librarian of Congress a report...

  8. 37 CFR 251.56 - Order of the Librarian of Congress. (United States)


    ...2010-07-01 false Order of the Librarian of Congress. 251.56 Section 251...Royalty Panels § 251.56 Order of the Librarian of Congress. (a) After the filing...of the determination of a panel, the Librarian of Congress shall issue an order...

  9. 77 FR 27253 - Proposed Collection, Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Grant Program Evaluation (United States)


    ...Collection, Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Grant Program Evaluation AGENCY: Institute...improvements to the Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian (LB21) Grant Program. The information...clearance of the Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Grant Program Evaluation. The...

  10. Professional Activities, Needed Competencies and Training Needs of Medical Librarians in Pakistan (United States)

    Ullah, Midrar; Ameen, Kanwal; Bakhtar, Salman


    The study aims to explore the professional activities, needed competencies and education/training needs of medical librarians in Pakistan. The following questions guided the study: what are the current professional activities of medical librarians in Pakistan? What is their perception of the competencies needed of medical librarians? And what are…

  11. Using National Data to Make Decisions as a Solo Librarian: A Conversation with NCES (United States)

    Andrews, Sandra D.


    School libraries have increasingly seen the number of school librarians in each school decrease, creating more solo librarian positions in schools. While this is not a new dilemma, it is one that requires initiative and persistence on the part of the school librarian to accomplish tasks and make decisions. Making decisions about individual school…

  12. Moving from Introverted to Extraverted Embedded Librarian Services: An Example of a Proactive Model (United States)

    Knight, Valerie R.; Loftis, Charissa


    Librarians at Wayne State College have developed an extraverted online embedded librarian model whereby librarians proactively push out content to students at time-appropriate moments. This article outlines why extraverted approaches are more effective than introverted approaches. It also details how to develop an extraverted program. First,…

  13. The Librarian's Duty of Care: Emerging Professionalism or Can of Worms? (United States)

    Ferguson, Stuart; Weckert, John


    Examines case studies highlighting accountability, and relates accountability to concepts of responsibility and duty of care. Presents arguments against holding librarians accountable for misinformation, namely, the lack of contract between librarian and patron and the distinction drawn between information intermediaries (librarians) and knowledge…

  14. Implementing web-scale discovery services a practical guide for librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Thompson, JoLinda


    Implementing Web-Scale Discovery Services: A Practical Guide for Librarians is a source for librarians seeking to evaluate, purchase, and implement a web-scale discovery service. The book breaks down each phase of the project into decision points and action plans to help librarians select and implement a system that meets their specific needs.

  15. The Laughing Librarian A History of American Library Humor

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Jeanette C


    Despite the stodgy stereotypes, libraries and librarians themselves can be quite funny. The spectrum of library humor from sources inside and outside the profession ranges from the subtle wit of the New Yorker to the satire of Mad. This examination of American library humor over the past 200 years covers a wide range of topics and spans the continuum between light and dark, from parodies to portrayals of libraries and their staffs as objects of fear. It illuminates different types of librarians--the collector, the organization person, the keeper, the change agent--and explores stereotypes like

  16. The role of a librarian in school research work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena Bon


    Full Text Available The paper presents the process of the preparation of Poljane High School students for writing reserch papers and the role of the librarian at it. The librarian familiarizes students with the international ISO standars which prescribe the form and the composition of such a paper. She calls their attention to the proper way of putting down quotations and sources and to the protection of copyright. She shows them how to look for literature and information in various databases (local and COBISS catalogue, WWW services, ....

  17. Digital Photo Librarian Image Editor 4.0 (United States)

    For persons hoping to catalog and modify extensive digitized photo collections, the Digital Photo Librarian application will be a welcome addition to their software library. The application allows users to manage large photo collections, along with providing the capability of supporting a variety of image formats. Additionally, users can use the application to create CD-ROMs of their photos, modify their images, or remove "red-eye" from photographs. The Digital Photo Librarian is available for use with operating systems utilizing Windows 95 and higher.

  18. The flipped classroom: practices and opportunities for health sciences librarians. (United States)

    Youngkin, C Andrew


    The "flipped classroom" instructional model is being introduced into medical and health sciences curricula to provide greater efficiency in curriculum delivery and produce greater opportunity for in-depth class discussion and problem solving among participants. As educators employ the flipped classroom to invert curriculum delivery and enhance learning, health sciences librarians are also starting to explore the flipped classroom model for library instruction. This article discusses how academic and health sciences librarians are using the flipped classroom and suggests opportunities for this model to be further explored for library services. PMID:25316072

  19. Exploring education for digital librarians meaning, modes and models

    CERN Document Server

    Myburgh, Sue


    Exploring Education for Digital Librarians provides a refreshing perspective on the discipline and profession of Library and Information Science (LIS), with a focus on preparing students for careers as librarians who can deal with present and future digital information environments. A re-examination of the knowledge base of the field, combined with a proposed theoretical structure for LIS, provide the basis for this work, which also examines competencies for practice as well as some of the international changes in the nature of higher education. The authors finally suggest a model that could b

  20. Exploring new roles for librarians the research informationist

    CERN Document Server

    Federer, Lisa


    Librarians have been providing support to researchers for many years, typically with a focus on responding to researchers' needs for access to the existing literature. However, librarians' skills and expertise make them uniquely suited to provide a wide range of assistance to researchers across the entire research process, from conception of the research question to archiving of collected data at the project's conclusion. In response to increasingly stringent demands on researchers to share their data, and as computationally intensive and primarily data-driven scientific methods begin to take

  1. Inform Parents about the Goals of Your Physical Education Program (United States)

    Strategies: A Journal for Physical and Sport Educators, 2005


    This article discusses how physical education teachers can help educate parents about their physical education program. In this article, NASPE would like to encourage physical education teachers to send a letter to parents of their students, publish it in the school newsletter or on the school web site, or send it to their local community…

  2. Embracing Asperger's: A Primer for Parents and Professionals (United States)

    Bromfield, Richard


    Parents and teachers of children with Asperger's know only too well the feeling that they are not quite reaching the child, not quite hearing or getting it, not communicating just right, or at all. Offering rich insights into what Asperger's is like for the child himself or herself, this compassionate book will empower parents and teachers,…


    El Paso Public Schools, TX.


  4. Bullied Children: Parent and School Supports (United States)

    Honig, Alice Sterling; Zdunowski-Sjoblom, Nicole


    Family interviews were conducted with 28 7-12-year-old children who had experienced various forms of bullying and relational aggression by their peers, as well as with their parent and with an older sibling. Interviews explored possible supportive strategies of older siblings, parents, and teachers. All bullied children reported negative feelings…

  5. Teen Parents in Early Childhood Interventions (United States)

    Korfmacher, Jon


    This article reviews five large national studies that include significant findings about the effects of early care and intervention on the children of teens. Five large-scale, national early childhood intervention research trials have included teen parents: Early Head Start, Nurse Family Partnership, Parents as Teachers, Healthy Start/Healthy…

  6. Parental separation and children’s behavioral/emotional problems: the impact of parental representations and family conflict


    Stadelmann, S.; Perren, S.; Groeben, M.; Von Klitzing, K.


    In this longitudinal study, we examine whether the effect of parental separation on kindergarten children’s behavioral/emotional problems varies according to the level of family conflict, and children’s parental representations. One hundred and eighty seven children were assessed at ages 5 and 6. Family conflict was assessed using parents’ ratings. Children’s parental representations were assessed using a story-stem task. A multiinformant approach (parent, teacher, child) was employed...

  7. Parental Expressivity and Parenting Styles in Chinese Families: Prospective and Unique Relations to Children's Psychological Adjustment. (United States)

    Chen, Stephen H; Zhou, Qing; Eisenberg, Nancy; Valiente, Carlos; Wang, Yun


    OBJECTIVES: Parents from different cultures differ in how frequently they express emotions. However, the generalizability of the relations between parental expressivity and child adjustment in non-Western cultures has not been extensively studied. The goal of the present study was to investigate prospective relations between parental expressivity within the family (positive, negative dominant, and negative submissive expressivity) and Chinese children's psychological adjustment, above and beyond parenting styles. DESIGN: The study used two waves (3.8 years apart) of longitudinal data from a sample (n= 425) of children in Beijing (mean ages = 7.7 years at T1 and 11.6 years at T2). Parental expressivity and parenting styles were self-reported. To reduce the potential measurement overlap, items that tap parental expression of emotions toward the child were removed from the parenting style measure. Children's adjustment was measured with parents', teachers', and peers' or children's reports. RESULTS: Consistent with findings with European American samples, parental negative dominant expressivity uniquely and positively predicted Chinese children's externalizing problems controlling for prior externalizing problems, parenting styles, and family SES. Neither parental expressivity nor parenting styles uniquely predicted social competence. CONCLUSIONS: Despite previously reported cultural differences in the mean levels of parental expressivity, some of the socialization functions of parental expressivity found in Western countries can be generalized to Chinese families. Although parental expressivity and parenting styles are related constructs, their unique relations to child's adjustment suggest that they should be examined as distinct processes. PMID:23226715

  8. Parent's Guide to Understanding Tests. (United States)

    CTB / McGraw-Hill, Monterey, CA.

    This brief introduction to testing is geared to parents. Types of tests are defined, such as standardized tests, achievement tests, norm referenced tests, criterion referenced tests, and aptitude tests. Various types of scores (grade equivalent, percentile rank, and stanine are also defined, and the uses made of tests by administrators, teachers,…

  9. A Study of Academic Librarians' Salaries and Privileges. (United States)

    Hopson, Rex C.

    In order to acquire information for use by the University of New Mexico General Library Faculty Salary Committee, a questionnaire was sent to eleven university library directors in nearby states. Nine responded. Results of the study showed that in most universities librarians have faculty status, but are on 11 month contracts. Degrees, experience,…

  10. Librarian Recruitment Process at Home in the Wired Nation. (United States)

    Nesbeitt, Sarah


    Discusses the trend toward online recruitment for librarians and describes a survey of library employees who had posted jobs online. Topics include reasons for online job postings; where positions were advertised, including types of Web sites and print media; electronic communication and emailed resumes; and the future of online recruitment. (LRW)

  11. The Newly Embedded Librarian: Pharmacy Information Liaison Service (United States)

    Martin, Jennifer R.


    Embedded librarianship has emerged as one approach to meeting the ever-evolving information needs of our clients. The University of Arizona Health Sciences Library has endeavored to become more proactive by embedding librarians within each of the four colleges it serves. Although the process of establishing visibility, recognition, and developing…

  12. E-book usage amongst academic librarians in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandy Zinn


    Full Text Available The purpose of this study completed in 2010 was to investigate the use of e-books amongst academic librarians; in particular which e-books are available to academic librarians, why they choose this format, what impact e-books have on librarians’ professional practice and what the usage patterns of e-books are amongst academic librarians. A web-based questionnaire was distributed on the LIASA mailing list. The results reflect a more gradual trend towards e-book adoption. There is still a preference for print or a “bit of both” – print and electronic. This is because of the high costs of e-books using the subscription model as the predominant e-book acquisition model and the lack of sufficient e-books in all subject fields. E-books are used for “browsing for information” and are selected for functionalities such as having the ability to search the document, anytime access and automatic citation. Major problems identified with e-books are: the cost of the equipment to read e-book formats; the cost of the e-books, especially if the subscription purchasing model is used; the lack of reliability of the Internet; and the lack of training in the use of e-books.

  13. Doing Social Media So It Matters: A Librarian's Guide (United States)

    Solomon, Laura


    Facebook, Twitter, MySpace, LinkedIn: it's difficult enough to keep abreast of social media Web sites, let alone understand how they fit into today's library. This practical resource brings together current information on the topic in a concise format that's easy to digest. Laura Solomon is a librarian with more than a decade of experience in Web…

  14. Assessment of Stress and Burnout in Youth Librarians. (United States)

    Swanson, Cecilia P.

    Stress and burnout are now recognized as serious problems in those fields generally referred to as the helping professions. Whatever the causes, stress and burnout impact on individuals and organizations. Librarianship has many aspects in common with other helping professions. Librarians serving youth face many of the same demands as do educators,…

  15. How Much Do Librarians Know about Stress Management? (United States)

    Ollendorff, Monica


    Reviews the literature on the topic of burnout and librarianship, and concludes that little effort has been made to address this issue. The findings of a survey of librarians that examined how much they know about stress management are used to confirm the need for stress management training in librarianship. The questionnaire used is appended. (46…

  16. Taking Care of Yourself: Stress and the Librarian (United States)

    Spencer, Roxanne Myers


    Stress is a part of our working lives and is not likely to decrease in tomorrow's workplace. A difficult economy, downsizing, taking on additional responsibilities without assistance or additional pay--all are taking their toll on our physical, mental, and emotional well-being. Community college librarians can often feel isolated as the only…

  17. Using Learning Styles in Information Literacy: Critical Considerations for Librarians (United States)

    Sanderson, Heather


    Librarians are using learning styles as a tool to engage students and enhance their teaching. However, a review of the literature reveals that learning styles theory is complex and problematic. It is important to base our practice on sound pedagogy. This critical examination of learning styles explores the issues surrounding them and what they can…

  18. De bibliotecas médicas y bibliotecarios / From medical libraries and librarians

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Esther, Mayor Guerra; Elaine, Duperet Cabrera; Ileana, Castillo Asensio.


    Full Text Available Se brinda una panorámica sobre el origen del Día del Bibliotecario Cubano, el surgimiento de las bibliotecas en Cuba, y la evolución histórica y situación actual de la primera biblioteca médica de la provincia de Santiago de Cuba, con énfasis en la labor de sus bibliotecarias desde su apertura hasta [...] la fecha. Asimismo se abordan aspectos relacionados con los servicios ofrecidos en las bibliotecas de ciencias de la salud y las competencias que deben poseer sus bibliotecarios y documentalistas en el siglo XXI. Finalmente, se expresa el reconocimiento a aquellos compañeros que con tanto amor y dedicación iniciaron esta actividad, y facilitaron a los profesionales de ciencias de la salud del territorio el acceso a la información. Abstract in english An overview is provided of the origin of the Cuban Librarian´s Day, the emergence of libraries in Cuba, and the historical development and current situation of the first medical library in Santiago de Cuba province, with emphasis in the work of its librarians from their opening to date. Also aspects [...] related to the services offered in the libraries of the health sciences and the competences that its librarians and documentalists should have in the XXI century are discussed. Finally, the recognition is expressed to those partners who began this activity with so much love and dedication, and they facilitated the professionals of health sciences of the territory the access to the information.

  19. Competencies Required by Special Librarians: An Analysis by Educational Levels (United States)

    Peyvand Robati, Alireza; Singh, Diljit


    This paper presents the results of a study conducted with the aim of identifying competencies needed by special librarians in Iran at three different levels of library and information science education. A list of competencies was initially identified from the literature and 21 semi-structured interviews with managers of special libraries in Iran.…

  20. School Librarian + Technology Specialist = Partnership for Effective Technology Integration (United States)

    Johnston, Melissa P.


    The explosion of technology and information has resulted in major changes in education in the twenty-first century. School librarians have a vital role to play in efforts to ensure that students are equipped with the skills and knowledge they need to succeed and participate in the digital society of the twenty-first century. This role presents an…

  1. Beyond Library Walls: Embedding Librarians in Academic Departments (United States)

    Matava, Tobie; Coffey, Dan; Kushkowski, Jeffrey


    Today's academic library provides resources that users can access both physically in the library and virtually from academic offices. This increasing availability of online access means that information resources are no longer confined within library walls and librarians need to rethink how their constituents' information needs are being met.…

  2. The Value of School Librarian Support in the Digital World (United States)

    Ballew, Linda M.


    The mission of school librarians in the digital age of information gathering and messaging has not undergone any real change of focus. Even though the tools and methods available for accessing information have significantly altered the way people now use library services, school libraries remain a constant place to make valuable discoveries. The…

  3. Technology mediator: a new role for the reference librarian? (United States)

    Howse, David K; Bracke, Paul J; Keim, Samuel M


    The Arizona Health Sciences Library has collaborated with clinical faculty to develop a federated search engine that is useful for meeting real-time clinical information needs. This article proposes a technology mediation role for the reference librarian that was inspired by the project, and describes the collaborative model used for developing technology-mediated services for targeted users. PMID:17040566

  4. Jean Piaget: An Introduction and Reader's Guide for Children's Librarians. (United States)

    Getts, Marilyn; Giacoma, Pete


    Introduces children's librarians to the theories of cognitive growth in children formulated by Jean Piaget. An annotated bibliography of three primary and 16 secondary references is provided to promote insight and to reinforce commitment to children's services. Five references are listed. (RAA)

  5. The Hipster Librarian's Guide to Teen Craft Projects (United States)

    Coleman, Tina; Llanes, Peggie


    It's not your grandmother's crafting projects! Instead, hip librarians as well as their teen patrons can engage in the hottest new DIY way of life, recycling everything from discarded books to Altoids tins. Getting hands-on and making the coolest crafts can be a way to encourage teens' individuality and growing sense of self. Whether projects are…

  6. The Self-Perceived Status of School Librarians (United States)

    Ritchie, Cristina Sacco


    This study investigated how school librarians perceive their status within the school by looking at factors suggested by the literature as either impacting on, or impacted by, status: their relationships with their colleagues and supervisors, their role within the school, job satisfaction, and views on their careers and their training. Most…

  7. Librarians as Experts: Using the Web to Assert Our Value (United States)

    Pressley, Lauren; Gilbertson, Kevin


    People see challenges to libraries in funding, in ebooks, and in the internet. However, in this information-rich age, librarians' roles are even more important. They are information experts. They know how to think about the changing information environment, and they know the impact--both positive and negative--it can have on people whose jobs…

  8. The Disembodied Librarian in the Digital Age, Part II. (United States)

    Martell, Charles


    Discusses how four historical discontinuities (time and space, mind and body, real and virtual, and humans and technology) relate to new ways of being and thinking about the future of librarians and libraries. Topics include computers and books; entertainment industry growth; information uses; global economy effects; and future library…

  9. The School Librarian as Educator. Library Science Text Series. (United States)

    Wehmeyer, Lillian Biermann

    Basic orientation to educational theory and research is provided to further the teaching role of the school librarian. This liberally-illustrated handbook also includes instructions for a variety of games and other motivational devices. Principles of motivation theory outlined in Chapter 2 are given immediate practical application in Chapters 3-5,…

  10. Complete Copyright for K-12 Librarians and Educators (United States)

    Russell, Carrie


    School librarians and educators have specific copyright questions that are often glossed over in larger books on the subject. Now, thanks to best-selling copyright authority Carrie Russell, there's a resource just for them, offering clear guidance for providing materials to students while carefully observing copyright law. Using whimsical…

  11. "Come to Chimera!" 1978: A Librarian's Planning Handbook. (United States)

    Lukenbill, Shirley; Lesser, Anita

    This handbook, prepared to assist librarians in planning summer reading programs for children, includes suggestions on the following: (1) establishing program goals, objectives, and activities; (2) supplies, resources, and materials needed for the program; (3) sample registration, evaluation, and volunteer recruitment forms; (4) types of publicity…

  12. Job Satisfaction of Academic Librarians: A Review of Literature. (United States)

    Mirfakhrai, Mohammad H.

    This literature review on job satisfaction of academic librarians is divided into two sections. The first section deals with the conceptual framework which includes two theoretical approaches to job satisfaction. These theories include Maslow's Needs Hierarchy Theory and Herzberg's Two-Factor (Motivation/Hygiene) Theory. Criticisms of these…

  13. Technology mediator: a new role for the reference librarian?


    Howse, David K.; Bracke, Paul J.; Keim, Samuel M.


    The Arizona Health Sciences Library has collaborated with clinical faculty to develop a federated search engine that is useful for meeting real-time clinical information needs. This article proposes a technology mediation role for the reference librarian that was inspired by the project, and describes the collaborative model used for developing technology-mediated services for targeted users.

  14. How to Be an E[superscript 3] Librarian (United States)

    McMillen, Paula; Fabbi, Jennifer


    Embedded librarianship is a relatively new term but is a fairly well-established stance in academic librarianship. While the terminology has certainly spawned new activities and vigorous new channels of communication, few are talking about the strategies for expanding and enhancing the position of the librarian and libraries organizationally once…

  15. Research group librarian – a cooperating partner in research?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidi Kristin Olsen


    Full Text Available Academic libraries encounter many challenges when providing services for researchers and it is evident that use of the library in information searches has reduced significantly over time and continues to decrease.However, a study in Norway in 2007, at Vestfold University College (VUC, demonstrated that there is great potential to increase faculty staff’s use of the library’s digital resources with the right form of engagement. The findings led VUC’s library to focus on its services for this particular user group.In 2009, VUC library initiated a study to investigate the possible effects of a librarian participating as a ‘Research Group Librarian’.The research project, in which this new role was tried out, was called ‘Kindergarten space, materiality, learning and meaning-making’. This was a three year project, funded by the Research Council of Norway. There were eight part time researchers involved in this project, two senior researchers and the research group librarian.The study adopted an ethnographic approach. The research group librarian was a fully participating member of the research team throughout the project.The empirical sources for the study included:semi-structured interviews with the project leader and the participating researchers: short individual interviews at the beginning of the project with each of the research group participants; several group interviews with the majority of the research team midway in the project;observation and field notesThe results are presented under the following categories:implications for the researcher; emphasising behaviour in relation to information search and reference management skills;communication and information within, and evolving from, the project;collaboration in writing a review article;implications for the library – internal, and at VUC in general;the librarian’s role – a ‘boundary worker’?The study demonstrated that as a member of a research group a librarian can have positive impact on the researchers’ work. Appropriate library services become more distinct. Ideas for new library services for the user group evolve and develop naturally during the engagement process.Although this is a minor study and insufficient to make generalisations, the findings are interesting and worth considering in the further development of academic library services for faculty staff and researchers.

  16. Academic Library Administrators Perceive Value in Their Librarians’ Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Sullo


    Full Text Available A Review of: Perkins, G.H. & Slowik, A.J.W. (2013. The value of research in academic libraries. College & Research Libraries, 74(2, 143-158. Retrieved from Abstract Objective – To explore academic library administrators’ perceived value of their librarians’ research, specifically the importance to the profession and the library community. Design – Qualitative, exploratory study using a survey questionnaire. Setting – Academic libraries in the United States of America. Subjects – 23 library administrators. Methods – During the summer of 2010, one of the authors conducted 20-30 minute telephone interviews with 23 academic library administrators. Interviews were recorded and transcribed for coding. Interview questions 1-3 and 8-19 were content-analyzed; the authors described common themes for each of these questions. Items 4-7 had Likert scale response formats, and a mean and standard deviation were computed for each of these items. Main Results – The benefits of librarians’ research included fulfilling tenure-track requirements, enriching relationships with teaching faculty, library faculty recognition, improved services and programs, collaboration with others, research result application to daily issues, development as librarians, and improved knowledge of the research field. The perceived current changes and future issues for university libraries included increased digitization of collections, scholarly communication, and expanded instructional engagement of faculty and students, as well as future economic downturn and budget cuts. Administrators noted several methods that influenced their thinking: professional meetings, reading professional journals, informal discussions with colleagues, and social media such as Facebook and Twitter. Academic library administrators used a variety of methods to support their librarians’ research. These included tenure-track requirements, research incentives, travel funds, grants, sabbaticals, release time, and shared communication about research. Additionally, there was a substantial perceived interrelationship between how librarians’ research benefited the librarian, the library, the university, and the profession. Recognition and new programs and services were thought to benefit all four areas, and monetary rewards were considered benefits for the first three areas. Conclusion – Based on the sample of 23 academic library administrators, the authors conclude that librarians’ research is perceived as valuable to both the academic and library communities.

  17. The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Training for Children with ADHD and Mindful Parenting for their Parents. (United States)

    van der Oord, Saskia; Bögels, Susan M; Peijnenburg, Dorreke


    This study evaluated the effectiveness of an 8-week mindfulness training for children aged 8-12 with ADHD and parallel mindful parenting training for their parents. Parents (N = 22) completed questionnaires on their child's ADHD and ODD symptoms, their own ADHD symptoms, parenting stress, parental overreactivity, permissiveness and mindful awareness before, immediately after the 8-week training and at 8-week follow-up. Teachers reported on ADHD and ODD behavior of the child. A within-group waitlist was used to control for the effects of time and repeated measurement. Training was delivered in group format. There were no significant changes between wait-list and pre-test, except on the increase of teacher-rated ODD behavior. There was a significant reduction of parent-rated ADHD behavior of themselves and their child from pre-to posttest and from pre- to follow-up test. Further, there was a significant increase of mindful awareness from pre-to posttest and a significant reduction of parental stress and overreactivity from pre-to follow-up test. Teacher-ratings showed non-significant effects. Our study shows preliminary evidence for the effectiveness of mindfulness for children with ADHD and their parents, as rated by parents. However, in the absence of substantial effects on teacher-ratings, we cannot ascertain effects are due to specific treatment procedures. PMID:22347788

  18. Emotional Autonomy and Perceived Parenting Styles: Relational Analysis in the Hong Kong Cultural Context (United States)

    Chan, Kwok Wai; Chan, Siu Mui


    Three hundred and seven teacher education students of a Hong Kong university were administered two questionnaires, one measuring emotional autonomy (EAS) and the other measuring perceived parenting styles (PAQ) of their parents. It was found that the Hong Kong teacher education students tended to be autonomous and they characterized their parents

  19. Internet Librarian 2001. Proceedings of the Internet Librarian Conference (5th, Pasadena, California, November 6-8, 2001). (United States)

    Nixon, Carol, Comp.; Burmood, Jennifer, Comp.

    These proceedings of the Internet Librarian 2001 conference contains 49 papers that cover topics related to the information profession and Internet technologies, including: digital collections online; information architecture; amphibious research skills; identifying, evaluating, and validating cyberguides; development of New California Web Portal;…

  20. [Parenting styles]. (United States)

    Torío López, Susana; Peña Calvo, José Vicente; Inda Caro, Mercedes


    Parental educational styles constitute one of the key elements of family socialization. The aim of the present essay is to present the results of a research project carried out in the Principality of Asturias (Spain) among 2,965 families with children of infant and primary-school age (5-8 years old). This research attempts to analyse, among other aspects, parental behaviour tendencies in child upbringing. The analysis of the results obtained allows us to: 1) identify the most common attitudinal and behavioural tendencies of parents in the upbringing of their children; 2) determine how many people have a well defined parental style, and delimit their socio-educational characteristics. Lastly, we consider the need to change some parental behaviour patterns and stress the importance of family education programmes, with the aim of promoting appropriate parenting models and modifying or improving current practices. PMID:18206067

  1. Comunicação e inclusão de crianças com alterações de linguagem de origem neurológica na perspectiva de pais e educadores / Communication and inclusion of children with language disorders due to neurologic aspects from the perspective of parents and teachers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Érica Mayumi, Takase; Regina Yu Shon, Chun.


    Full Text Available O sistema de educação brasileiro tem passado por diversas transformações em prol de mudanças que proporcionem uma política inclusiva. Estudos relativos à comunicação e inclusão de crianças com alterações de linguagem de origem neurológica necessitam, no entanto, de maior atenção, particularmente no [...] âmbito da Fonoaudiologia. Tendo em vista buscar maiores subsídios de como o profissional desta área pode contribuir no processo de inclusão, o objetivo deste estudo é investigar as expectativas, dificuldades e facilidades encontradas pelas famílias e educadoras de crianças com alterações de linguagem em acompanhamento fonoaudiológico. O corpus constitui-se de 11 crianças, 12 familiares e 7 educadoras. Realizou-se a coleta de dados, por meio de estudo do prontuário institucional das crianças, e entrevistas semi-estruturadas distintas com os familiares e educadoras, gravadas em vídeo e transcritas ortograficamente. Os dados foram analisados à luz dos referenciais teóricos que respaldam esta pesquisa. Os resultados mostram dificuldades na inserção de algumas crianças na rede regular, particularmente, daquelas com maior comprometimento de linguagem, além de questionamentos quanto à formação do educador e preparo das instituições de ensino para receber tal população. Verificam-se avanços neste processo, expressos pela inclusão da maioria dos sujeitos na escola regular e por maior abertura institucional, evidenciada pelas referências de troca de informações/experiências entre pais, educadoras e fonoaudiólogos. Os achados corroboram, na perspectiva dos familiares e das educadoras, a necessidade do acompanhamento terapêutico especializado e evidenciam que a Fonoaudiologia pode contribuir, nos aspectos de comunicação e de alimentação, no processo de inclusão. Abstract in english The Brazilian educational system has been going through several modifications to answer to changes in inclusive policies. Studies regarding communication and inclusion of children with language disorders due to neurological causes require further attention, specifically in Speech-Language and Hearin [...] g Sciences. For the purpose of finding out how professionals in this field can contribute to the inclusion process, the aim of the study is to investigate the expectations, difficulties and support encountered by families and teachers of those children who undergo Speech-Language Pathology therapy. The corpus is composed of 11 children, 12 parents and 7 educators. The data was collected through the study of the children files, as well as from semi-structured interviews with families and teachers, video-recorded and transcribed orthographically. The data was analyzed according to references that support this study. The results show challenges in including some of the children in regular schools, particularly those with the most severe language disorders. There were also issues related to the preparation of the educators and the preparedness of some of the schools that received these students. Nevertheless, the study demonstrated that there have been advances, expressed by the inclusion of most of these children in regular schools and by greater willingness of the schools to receive these students. This finding was deduced from references to parents, educators and Speech-Language Pathologists sharing of information and experiences. From the perspective of the families and teachers, the findings point to the need for specialized health assistance and highlight the contribution of the Speech-Language and Hearing Sciences in communication and feeding in the process of inclusion.

  2. Parental Acceptance of Digital Game-Based Learning (United States)

    Bourgonjon, Jeroen; Valcke, Martin; Soetaert, Ronald; de Wever, Bram; Schellens, Tammy


    In research about digital game-based learning, the likely negative perceptions of parents are often enlisted as a barrier toward the adoption of games in classroom settings. Teachers, students and policy makers appear to be influenced by what parents think about games in the classroom. Therefore, it is important to study these parental beliefs…

  3. Associations between Parental Control and Children's Overt and Relational Aggression (United States)

    Kuppens, Sofie; Grietens, Hans; Onghena, Patrick; Michiels, Daisy


    The present study examined specialized associations between parental control and child aggression in a sample of 600 8- to 10-years old children. Parental control dimensions and aggression subtypes were assessed using multiple informants (i.e. children, mothers, fathers, peers, and teachers). In line with expectations, parental physical punishment…

  4. Thoughts on the construction of subject librarian team in specialized libraries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The meaning and responsibility of subject Librarian are introduced in brief, after that the necessity of that is expatiated. Establishing and improving the subject librarian system are necessary to knowledge innovation in the era of knowledge economy and are useful to service innovation and improving the quality and level of information service in specialized libraries. Against the background of information age, as well special requirements on subject librarian in specialized libraries, focus and difficulties of construction of subject librarian team are analysed, the viewpoint that construction of subject librarian team should be gradual sis proposed, and two kinds of ways will coexist in a long term. Fist, to be competent for the work of subject librarian librarians in-service should be selected to pursue second degree. Second, full-time or part-time professional should be employed to cooperate with librarians, finally, supporting measures of subject librarian team are expatiated, that is to improve the treatment of subject librarian, to establish an effective management mechanism, and to establish a business training system. (author)

  5. Teachers Teaching Teachers (United States)

    Mason, Diana S.


    A guide for teachers in school to make teaching chemistry in a more interesting way is given. Practical experience not only facilitates the student's own learning, but also helps them to see how teachers can influence the next generation of students.

  6. The Development of Teachers' Responses to Challenging Situations during Interaction Training (United States)

    Talvio, Markus; Lonka, Kirsti; Komulainen, Erkki; Kuusela, Marjo; Lintunen, Taru


    The qualitative changes in teachers' responses in challenging situations were analysed during a four-day Teacher Effectiveness Training (TET) course, which aimed at improving teachers' interpersonal dynamics with pupils, parents and colleagues. The participants were 21 teachers from one elementary and 23 teachers from one secondary…

  7. Parental Self-Confidence, Parenting Styles, and Corporal Punishment in Families of ADHD Children in Iran (United States)

    Alizadeh, Hamid; Applequist, Kimberly F.; Coolidge, Frederick L.


    Objective: This study examines the relationship between parental self-confidence, warmth, and involvement, and corporal punishment in families of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: The diagnosis of ADHD was established through clinical interviews with the parents, children, and teachers, according the criteria…

  8. Back to School for Parents: Implementing Responsible Parenting Agreements and Orders in Western Australia (United States)

    Squelch, Joan


    Managing student behaviour is a primary task of principals and teachers, but it is not their responsibility alone. Parents are also responsible for their children's behaviour inside and outside school. As primary educators and caregivers parents have a duty of care and are responsible for nurturing, disciplining and socializing their children. In…

  9. Health care librarians and information literacy: an investigation. (United States)

    Kelham, Charlotte


    Until relatively recently, the concept of information literacy, and teaching the skills to enable it, was mainly a concern of academic libraries. Now, it is also seen to be of high importance within the context of health care libraries. Health care libraries and librarians can provide crucial support towards the implementation of evidence-based practice in patient care through both information literacy skills training and by conducting mediated searches on behalf of health care practitioners. This article reports the findings from an investigation conducted by Charlotte Kelham as part of her MA in Librarianship from the University of Sheffield. Her dissertation investigated how health care librarians understand the concept of information literacy, the implications of this for their role and their perceptions around how their role is valued. Charlotte graduated from Sheffield in 2013 and is currently job hunting. AM. PMID:25155981

  10. Journey through Fantasy Literature: A Resource Guide for Teachers. Volume II. (United States)

    Herrin, Roberta T., Ed.; Davis, Sarah K., Ed.

    Chronicling a year-long project to study fantasy literature, this book presents essays, teaching units, student writing models, and "jack tales." The project chronicled in the book consisted of a 4-week intensive study program for librarians and teachers of grades 2 through 7 throughout the Appalachian region, followed up by two more meetings…

  11. Journey through Fantasy Literature: A Resource Guide for Teachers. Volume I. (United States)

    Herrin, Roberta T., Ed.; Davis, Sarah K., Ed.

    Chronicling a year-long project to study fantasy literature, this book presents essays, teaching units, student writing, and "jack tales." The project chronicled in the book consisted of a 3-week intensive study program for librarians and teachers of grades 2 through 7 throughout the Appalachian region, followed up by two more meetings during the…

  12. Fortalezas y dificultades para el ajuste emocional en niños aymara desde la perspectiva de los menores, padres y profesores / Strengths and difficulties in emotional adjustment of Aymara children from the perspective of children, parents and teachers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alejandra, Caqueo-Uríar; Alfonso, Urzúa M; Rodrigo, Ferrer U; Francisco, Zúñiga M; Cristián, Palma F; Jorge, Escudero B.


    Full Text Available Objetivo: Describir capacidades y dificultades en el ajuste emocional experimentadas por niños aymara residentes en la ciudad chilena de Arica. Pacientes y M étodo: Se encuestó a 610 alumnos de 5° a 8° año de Enseñanza General Básica de la ciudad de Arica, además de sus padres y profesores, mediante [...] el Cuestionario de Capacidades y Dificultades (SDQ), comparando a niños aymara con aquellos sin ascendencia indígena. Se evaluaron 25 ítems divididos en 5 escalas: emocional, problemas de comportamiento, hiperactividad, problemas de relación con pares y conductas prosociales, clasificando a los encuestados en tres niveles, Normal, Límite o Anormal. Resultados: No hubo diferencias poblacionales relevantes en las dimensiones del SDQ entre grupos estudiados, donde las discrepancias en prácticamente todos los casos muestran un efecto leve (d ? |0,2|). Tampoco se observaron efectos poblacionales relevantes respecto del tipo de evaluador sobre la valoración de cada dimensión. Pese a esto, cabe señalar que niños aymara mostraron una menor puntuación que sus pares en "problemas de comportamiento" según sus profesores, pero dicha interacción poblacional también fue leve (?² parcial > 0,01). Conclusiones: Niños aymara mostraron fortalezas y dificultades similares a las de sus pares no aymara ante situaciones que requieren ajuste emocional. Abstract in english Objective: To describe capabilities and difficulties in emotional adjustment experienced by children living in the Chilean Aymara city of Arica. Patients and Method: 610 students between 5th and 8th grade, in addition to their parents and teachers were surveyed using the Strengths and Difficulties Q [...] uestionnaire (SDQ), comparing Aymara children to those without indigenous heritage. 25 items divided into five scales were evaluated: Emotional, behavioral problems, hyperactivity, relationship problems with peers and prosocial behaviors, classifying the respondents into three levels, Normal, Border and Abnormal. Results: There were no significant differences among the groups studied, where discrepancies in almost all cases show a slight effect (d ? |0.2|). Also, no relevant effects were observed regarding the type of assessor on the assessment of each dimension. Despite this, it was observed that Aymara children showed lower scores than their peers in "behavioral problems" according to their teachers, but this difference was also mild (partial ?2> 0.01). Conclusions: Aymara Children showed similar strengths and difficulties than non-Aymara students in situations that require emotional adjustment.

  13. Academic Library Administrators Perceive Value in Their Librarians’ Research


    Elaine Sullo


    A Review of: Perkins, G.H. & Slowik, A.J.W. (2013). The value of research in academic libraries. College & Research Libraries, 74(2), 143-158. Retrieved from Abstract Objective – To explore academic library administrators’ perceived value of their librarians’ research, specifically the importance to the profession and the library community. Design – Qualitative, exploratory study using a survey questionnaire. S...

  14. AHEC library services: from circuit rider to virtual librarian


    Mcduffee, Diana C.


    The North Carolina Area Health Education Centers Library and Information Services (NC AHEC LIS) Network provides library outreach services to rural health care providers in all nine AHEC regions of North Carolina. Over the last twenty-five years, the AHEC and university-based librarians have collaborated to create a model program for support of community-based clinical education and information access for rural health care providers. Through several collaborative projects, they have supported...

  15. Career Advancement and Writing about Women Librarians: A Literature Review


    Kathleen DeLong


    Objective – This review of the literature provides a framework for understanding the professional experiences of women library directors in academic libraries. It focuses uponcareer advancement and writing about women librarians in the United States and Canada from the 1930s to 2012.Methods – Databases from the disciplines of library science and business and management, including the larger social sciences, were searched for references to sources that dealt with career advancement and pro...

  16. Six Preparedness Strategies for Librarians in Tough Economic Times (United States)

    MacKellar, Pamela


    It is no secret that library budgets are in a downward spiral like the rest of the economy. The recent annual budget survey by the "Library Journal" indicates that per capita funding for libraries will decline 1.6%, and total library budgets will be reduced by 2.6% in FY 2010. Librarians are all too familiar with this bad news, and some of them…

  17. Charting a path for health sciences librarians in an integrated information environment.



    Changes in the health information environment present a major challenge to health sciences librarians. To successfully meet this challenge, librarians must apply the concepts of informal, self-directed, lifelong learning to their own carers. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations is creating an integrated information environment in health care organizations. The health sciences librarian brings unique knowledge and skills to this environment. The reference technique...

  18. A Study on the Development of Curriculum Track for Civil Service Librarian


    Younghee Noh


    The goal of this study is to improve the competitiveness of professional librarians in society. To this end, we analyzed domestic and international LIS curriculum, determined demand from field librarians through a survey, carried out job analysis by library types, and developed an operating model for LIS curriculum by synthesizing all of these results. Finally, we suggested a course of study for civil service librarians based on this model. As a result, the six required courses for civil serv...

  19. Rethinking Roles: Librarians and Faculty Collaborate to Develop Students’ Information Literacy


    Diane VanderPol; Swanson Westminster College United States, Emily A. B.


    Librarians at Westminster College developed and implemented a yearlong faculty and staff professional development experience using ACRL’s “Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education” as a framework. Traditionally, fostering student mastery of selected standards is perceived as the librarians’ job while other standards are thought to fall primarily under the purview of the teaching faculty. In particular, librarians are hesitant to address some of the more complex l...

  20. Authoritative Parenting Among Immigrant Chinese Mothers of Preschoolers (United States)

    Cheah, Charissa S. L.; Leung, Christy Y. Y.; Tahseen, Madiha; Schultz, David


    The goals of this study were: (a) to examine authoritative parenting style among Chinese immigrant mothers of young children, (b) to test the mediational mechanism between authoritative parenting style and children’s outcomes; and (c) to evaluate 3 predictors of authoritative parenting style (psychological well-being, perceived support in the parenting role, parenting stress). Participants included 85 Chinese immigrant mothers and their preschool children. Mothers reported on their parenting style, psychological well-being, perceived parenting support and stress, and children’s hyperactivity/attention. Teacher ratings of child adjustment were also obtained. Results revealed that Chinese immigrant mothers of preschoolers strongly endorsed the authoritative parenting style. Moreover, authoritative parenting predicted increased children’s behavioral/attention regulation abilities (lower hyperactivity/inattention), which then predicted decreased teacher rated child difficulties. Finally, mothers with greater psychological well-being or parenting support engaged in more authoritative parenting, but only under conditions of low parenting stress. Neither well-being nor parenting support predicted authoritative parenting when parenting hassles were high. Findings were discussed in light of cultural- and immigration-related issues facing immigrant Chinese mothers of young children. PMID:19586194

  1. Teacher Educators Modelling Their Teachers? (United States)

    Timmerman, Greetje


    The teacher educator is always also a teacher, and as a role model may have an important impact on student teachers' views on teaching. However, what is the impact of these teacher educator's own role models on their teaching views and practices? Do teacher educators simply imitate the positive role models and reject the bad? It is already clear…


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamilton Rodrigues Tabosa


    Full Text Available Aims to meet the general fields of effective participation of librarians in Ceará. Specific objectives: a identify the spaces occupied by librarians working in Ceará state, b check what the requirements and needs of the labor market for librarian c identify the market sectors that absorb most of the labor- librarian work and d to characterize the job market for librarians in the state of Ceará. In theoretical talk about the profession in Library (the concept of profession, the profession of librarian and librarian and the labor market. Regarding methodology, we use the literature in order to select material for later use in the theory on the subject. To collect data we used the questionnaire in a semi-open, which was applied to librarians Ceará recorded in the CRB-3, through the tool Google Docs. We conclude, through most of the answers that the job market for librarians in Ceará is predominantly traditional, composed of university libraries of private institutions, paying between U.S. $ 1,001.00 to $ 2,000.00 for professionals who work 40 hours per week. We also notice that the labor market demands of professional administrative and technical functions; mostly requires only supports graduate and professional continuing education, among other features.

  3. Academic health sciences librarians' contributions to institutional animal care and use committees. (United States)

    Steelman, Susan C; Thomas, Sheila L


    The study gathered data about librarians' membership in institutional animal care and use committees (IACUCs) and their professional activities supporting animal researchers. Libraries affiliated with medical schools that were members of the Association of American Medical Colleges were surveyed. A survey was distributed via library directors' email discussion lists and direct email messages. Sixty surveys were completed: 35 (58%) reported that librarians performed database searches for researchers, and 22 (37%) reported that a librarian currently serves on the IACUC. The survey suggests that academic health sciences librarians provide valuable, yet underutilized, services to support animal research investigators. PMID:25031565

  4. Parental Learning and School Readiness in the Gearing Up for Kindergarten Program


    Sharon Query; Brotherson, Sean E.; Divya Saxena


    Entering kindergarten is a key moment in a young child’s life, and parents are a child’s first teacher. What can guide parents as they assist children with school readiness? Gearing Up for Kindergarten is an intensive parent education and school readiness program designed to help parents and children prepare for school. Gearing Up for Kindergarten is a parent education program that combines early learning opportunities for pre-kindergarten children with parent education opportunities for ...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinan KOÇY???T


    Full Text Available In this study; it is aimed to investigate the opinions of teachers, school counselors and parents of integration students and students with normal development towards the application of integration in preschool education, emerging issues, solutions and suggestions. (11 teachers working in the preschool class, (11 school counselors, (11 parents of preschool students with normal development and (11 parents of integration students studying in these classes joined the research. The research data collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed by using content analysis. As a result of the research; it is determined that teachers and school counselors made various preparations (preparations of the students and preparations of the parents and environment and within the scope of these preparations benefited many different ways or applications. And again within the scope of the preparations, school counselors were observed to guide the teacher and the school administration with the children and the families. According to the opinions, integration applications had some problems and parents, students, administrators, teachers and the educational environment were seen to be the source of these problems. It is determined that the teachers organized meetings, individual interviews and classroom activities; and the school counselors applied seminars, orientations and persuasions for the solutions of the problems. Parents indicated that they applied to help of the teachers, school counselors, school administrators and doctors to solve the problems. All participants indicated the proposal that they need the support of the special education specialists within the scope of integration applications. Bu ara?t?rmada; okul öncesinde kayna?t?rma e?itimi uygulamalar?, ortaya ç?kan sorunlar, sorunlar?n çözümü ve önerilere yönelik ö?retmen, okul rehber ö?retmeni, normal geli?im gösteren ö?rencilerin ebeveynleri ve kayna?t?rma ö?rencilerinin ebeveynlerinin görü?lerinin incelenmesi amaçlanm??t?r. Ara?t?rmaya; ilkokullara ba?l? ana s?n?flar?nda görev yapan ö?retmenler (11, okul rehber ö?retmenleri (11, normal geli?im gösteren ana s?n?f? ö?rencilerinin ebeveynleri (11 ve bu ana s?n?flar?nda e?itim gören kayna?t?rma ö?rencilerinin ebeveynleri (11 kat?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rma verileri; yar? yap?land?r?lm?? görü?me yoluyla toplanm?? ve içerik analizi ile analiz edilmi?tir. Ara?t?rma sonucunda; ö?retmen ve okul rehber ö?retmenlerinin kayna?t?rma e?itimi uygulamalar?na yönelik çe?itli haz?rl?klar (ö?rencileri haz?rlama, ebeveynleri haz?rlama ve ortam? haz?rlama yapt?klar?, bu haz?rl?klar kapsam?nda birçok farkl? yol veya uygulamadan yararland?klar? belirlenmi?tir. Yine haz?rl?k kapsam?nda okul rehber ö?retmenlerinin çocuklar ve ailelerle birlikte ö?retmen ve okul yönetimine de rehberlik ettikleri görülmü?tür. Görü?lere göre kayna?t?rma uygulamalar?nda çe?itli sorunlar ya?and??? ve bu sorunlara ebeveynler, ö?renciler, yöneticiler, ö?retmenler ve e?itim ortamlar?n?n kaynakl?k etti?i görülmü?tür. Sorunlar?n çözümüne yönelik ö?retmenlerin toplant?lar, bireysel görü?meler ve s?n?f içi etkinlikler düzenledi?i, rehber ö?retmenlerin ise seminerler, oryantasyon çal??malar? ve ikna yollar?na ba?vurduklar? belirlenmi?tir. Ebeveynler sorunlar? çözmek için ö?retmen, rehber ö?retmen, okul yöneticileri ve doktorlar?n yard?m?na ba?vurduklar?n? belirtmi?lerdir. Tüm kat?l?mc?lar kayna?t?rma uygulamalar? kapsam?nda özel e?itim uzmanlar?n?n deste?inin sa?lanmas? yönünde öneri bildirmi?lerdir.

  6. Preschool teacher attachment and attention skills


    Commodari, Elena


    Attention underlies and energizes all cognitive and behavioral activities. Many studies showed that the quality of child attachment (both to parental and non parental figures) influences cognitive functions and attention. This study aimed to investigate the relationships among attachment to preschool teachers and attention in a sample of preschoolers. In particular, the study analyzed whether child attachment security to preschool teachers influences the different aspects of their attention s...

  7. Working Parents (United States)

    ... the positive side, the family has an increased income and thus fewer financial stresses. Also, when both parents work, there is a potential for greater equality in the roles of husband and wife. Depending ...

  8. The Need and Directions for Parent Involvement in the 90's: Undergraduate Perspectives and Expectations. (United States)

    Foster, Janet E. Loven, Rachelle G.


    Reports on a survey which sought to determine junior and senior education majors' perspectives regarding parent involvement. Results indicated students believed in the efficacy of parent involvement to benefit children and teachers. They expected to expend time and energy to include parents. They expressed a need for more training on parent

  9. Negotiating the Roles of Community Member and Parent: Participation in Education in Rural Paraguay (United States)

    Carolan-Silva, Aliah


    This article analyzes parents' perceptions of their role in supporting educational opportunities for their children, based on a qualitative study of parents and teachers in a rural community in Paraguay. The parents' views on participation are positioned within the context of the intended goals for parent participation outlined in Paraguayan…

  10. Parent-School Relationships and Children's Academic and Social Outcomes in Public School Pre-Kindergarten (United States)

    Powell, Douglas R.; Son, Seung-Hee; File, Nancy; San Juan, Robert R.


    Two dimensions of parent-school relationships, parental school involvement and parents' perceptions of teacher responsiveness to child/parent, were examined in state-funded pre-kindergarten classrooms in a large urban school district. Children's social and academic outcomes were individually assessed in the fall and spring. Hierarchical Linear…

  11. Relations of parenting style to Chinese children’s effortful control, ego resilience, and maladjustment


    Eisenberg, Nancy; Chang, Lei; Ma, Yue; Huang, Xiaorui


    The purpose of the study was to examine the relations of authoritative parenting and corporal punishment to Chinese first and second graders’ effortful control (EC), impulsivity, ego resilience, and maladjustment, as well as mediating relations. A parent and teacher reported on children’s EC, impulsivity, and ego resilience; parents reported on children’s internalizing symptoms and their own parenting, and teachers and peers reported on children’s externalizing symptoms. Authoritative...

  12. How Teachers Values Affect Their Evaluation of Children of Immigrants: Findings from Islamic and Public Schools (United States)

    Sirin, Selcuk R.; Ryce, Patrice; Mir, Madeeha


    This study examines the implications of how teachers' views of immigrant parents predict their ratings of first-grade students' academic competence and behavioral problems. Teachers rated 191 first-grade immigrant students attending Islamic and public schools in the Northeast United States. The results showed that when teachers perceived parents

  13. The Chicago Parent Program: comparing 1-year outcomes for African American and Latino parents of young children. (United States)

    Breitenstein, Susan M; Gross, Deborah; Fogg, Louis; Ridge, Alison; Garvey, Christine; Julion, Wrenetha; Tucker, Sharon


    Data were merged from two prevention randomized trials testing 1-year outcomes of a parenting skills program, the Chicago Parent Program (CPP) and comparing its effects for African-American (n?=?291) versus Latino (n?=?213) parents and their preschool children. Compared to controls, intervention parents had improved self-efficacy, used less corporal punishment and more consistent discipline, and demonstrated more positive parenting. Intervention children had greater reductions in behavior problems based on parent-report, teacher-report, and observation. Although improvements from the CPP were evident for parents in both racial/ethnic groups, Latino parents reported greater improvements in their children's behavior and in parenting self-efficacy but exhibited greater decreases in praise. Findings support the efficacy of the CPP for African American and Latino parents and young children from low-income urban communities. PMID:22622598

  14. Parental Marital Quality, Parental Divorce, and Relations with Parents. (United States)

    Booth, Alan; Amato, Paul R.


    Examined data from 419 parents and their adult children to assess impact of parental marital quality and divorce while child is residing with parents on parent-child relations 12 years later. Low marital quality and divorce appeared to have independent effects on adult child-parent relations. Fathers' relationships suffered more than mothers';…

  15. Parent Expectations of Young Children in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Troy E. Beckert


    Full Text Available This study investigated how 223 mothers and 200 fathers of 3- to 6-year-old children from Taiwan saw their child-rearing strengths and shortcomings. The Mandarin version of the Parent as a Teacher Inventory (PAAT was administered to each of the 423 subjects. This instrument is designed to examine five aspects of interaction between parent and child. Multivariate analyses of variance were applied to determine the significant effects of eight independent variables on the five PAAT subscales. The variables that significantly affected parent responses were (1 amount of time spent with a child, (2 household income, (3 parent education, and (4 gender of parent. The variable with the most impact was time spent with a child. Parents who spent 10 hours or more per week interacting with their child demonstrated greater strengths than peers who spent less time interacting with their child, as indicated on all subscales of the PAAT.

  16. Teachers' Perceptions of Young Children with ADHD in Korea (United States)

    Hong, Yonghee


    This study examined Korean early childhood teachers' understanding of behavioural characteristics of children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), difficulties about and concerns for children with ADHD, the kinds of support for which teachers looked, experiences teachers had with the parents of children with ADHD, and…

  17. Academic Optimism of Individual Teachers: Confirming a New Construct (United States)

    Beard, Karen Stansberry; Hoy, Wayne K.; Hoy, Anita Woolfolk


    Teacher sense of academic optimism is individual teachers' beliefs that they can teach effectively, their students can learn, and parents will support them so the teacher can press hard for learning. This new construct is grounded in the social cognitive and self-efficacy theories, social capital theory, work on school culture and climate and…

  18. The School Librarian as Program Administrator: Just-in-Time Librarianship (United States)

    Yates, Steven D.


    By applying just-in-time philosophy to today's school libraries, librarians can fulfill the role of program administrator by continuing to provide the resources students and faculty deserve, exactly at their individual points of need. Just-in-time librarianship is a mindset that could prove unsettling for some school librarians. The main facets of…

  19. Merchandising Library Materials to Young Adults. Libraries Unlimited Professional Guides for Young Adult Librarians Series. (United States)

    Nichols, Mary Anne

    By addressing the concept of merchandising, this handbook shows librarians how to turn their young adult collection into one that will attract teenagers. Delivering an introduction to marketing and merchandising concepts, the author shares years of experience as a teen services librarian, combined with the latest studies and research findings on…

  20. Strengths and Opportunities: School Librarians Serving Students with Special Needs in Central New York State (United States)

    Hill, Renee F.


    The programs and services offered at school libraries will be accessed by K-12 students with a range of physical and cognitive abilities. School librarians must be equipped to address the information-seeking needs of all patrons, including those with special needs. An electronic survey was conducted to collect data from school librarians working…

  1. International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme: What It Means to a School Library and Librarian (United States)

    Tilke, Anthony


    The International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme (IBDP or DP) is a curriculum available to students in the final two years of high school. The library and school librarian can play a role in the school's Diploma program, alongside students, faculty, and administration. School librarians new to the program often ask about guidelines or documents…

  2. Faculty Status for Librarians in the State University of New York, A Short History. (United States)

    Hubbard, Terry E.; Mielke, John

    Since 1966 the librarians of the State University of New York (SUNY) have been working toward full faculty status for themselves on all 33 campuses. In that year the Chancellor's Advisory Committee on Libraries recommended: library titles equivalent to existing academic titles; a range of librarians' salaries equivalent to those in academic ranks;…

  3. [Image] [Image] [Image] [Link] [Link] [Link]: Inaccessible Web Design from the Perspective of a Blind Librarian. (United States)

    Lewis, Valerie; Klauber, Julie


    Discusses Web design accessibility from the perspective of a librarian who is legally blind. Explains problems encountered with the growing use of graphics as opposed to text-based sites and suggests steps that librarians can take to help make the Web more accessible. (LRW)

  4. Academic Librarians' Perceptions on Information Literacy: The Israeli Perspective (United States)

    Aharony, Noa; Bronstein, Jenny


    Information literacy (IL) is a necessary skill crucial for effective functioning in today's knowledge society. This study seeks to explore Israeli librarians' perspectives toward major components of information literacy. Do librarians find there is a need to redefine the concept? Who do they think should teach it? How do they think Web…

  5. Changes in information behavior in clinical teams after introduction of a clinical librarian service


    Urquhart, Christine; Turner, Janet; Durbin, Jane; Ryan, Jean


    Objectives: The eighteen-month evaluation of a clinical librarian project (October 2003–March 2005) conducted in North Wales, United Kingdom (UK) assessed the benefits of clinical librarian support to clinical teams, the impact of mediated searching services, and the effectiveness of information skills training, including journal club support.

  6. What Is Librarian 2.0--New Competencies or Interactive Relations? A Library Professional Viewpoint (United States)

    Huvila, Isto; Holmberg, Kim; Kronqvist-Berg, Maria; Nivakoski, Outi; Widén, Gunilla


    Library 2.0 is a change in the way libraries interact with their users. Technological developments on the Web have had a major influence on these changes. The change also places new requirements on librarians' competencies and skills. This research investigates how librarians themselves see this change in terms of their work identity and…

  7. Invisible Care? The Role of Librarians in Caring for the "Whole Pupil" in Secondary Schools (United States)

    Shaper, Sue; Streatfield, David


    This paper draws on the "accidental" results of a UK national survey of school libraries to explore how school librarians can contribute to student pastoral care. Although the survey did not ask specific questions about student social development, responding librarians identified three key aspects of their contribution: support for learning;…

  8. Commitment and Trust in Librarian-Faculty Relationships: A Systematic Review of the Literature (United States)

    Phelps, Sue F.; Campbell, Nicole


    Objective: The goal of this study was to examine the methodologies used to study librarian-faculty relationships and to use the Key Mediating Variable model (KMV) of The Trust and Commitment Theory of Relationship Marketing to assess the quality of the librarian-faculty relationship as it has been portrayed in the literature. Relationship…

  9. Mobile Devices and Their Use in Library Professional Practice: The Health Librarian and the Ipad (United States)

    Duncan, Vicky; Kumaran, Maha; Lê, Mê-Linh; Murphy, Susan


    Mobile devices are being extensively adopted by health sciences faculty, students, and practitioners, but there is little evidence of how this technology is being used by health librarians in their own professional practice. In 2011, health sciences librarians at the University of Saskatchewan undertook a project to familiarize themselves with…

  10. Content analysis study of librarian blogs: Professional development and other uses


    Jackson-brown, Grace M. Missouri State University


    A content analysis of leading librarian blogs shows how blogs are used for professional development, political advocacy for libraries, research and other information dissemination uses. An examination of blog posts, comments, and blogger responses to reader comments show major areas of interaction. Unstructured interviews with librarian bloggers illuminate how these bloggers view the role of their blogs now and into the future.

  11. Beyond Boomer Meets NextGen: Examining Mentoring Practices among Pennsylvania Academic Librarians (United States)

    Neyer, Linda; Yelinek, Kathryn


    A survey to assess mentoring experiences and attitudes towards work of Pennsylvania academic librarians was conducted in September 2006 with questions concerning mentoring experiences, work experiences, and attitudes towards work. Results of the survey are analyzed for differences among those librarians responding, especially generational…

  12. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Knowledge, Use, and Attitudes of Academic Librarians (United States)

    Hendrix, Dean


    To assess their knowledge, use, and attitudes regarding peer-to-peer (P2P) applications, this study surveyed academic librarians (n = 162) via a mail-in survey. Correlations between the sample characteristics (age, gender, year of MLS, type of library job) and P2P knowledge, use, and attitudes were also explored. Overall, academic librarians

  13. Intercultural Leadership Toolkit for Librarians: Building Awareness to Effectively Serve Diverse Multicultural Populations (United States)

    Allard, Suzie; Mehra, Bharat; Qayyum, M. Asim


    This paper presents five tools for librarians to use in building effective intercultural communication that reaches out to diverse populations. Librarians can more successfully cross intercultural boundaries if they are aware of the key tenets of intercultural communication and information provision, and then apply the five leadership tools in…

  14. Library Information Made to Order: An Open Source Project Built for and with Librarians (United States)

    Griggs, Kim


    Oregon State University (OSU) libraries, where the author serves as lead programmer, have developed a tool to make it easier for librarians to build and maintain interactive course assignment pages (ICAPs) and subject research guides (SRGs). That tool, Library a la Carte, enables librarians with minimal technical expertise to create dynamic…

  15. Shelf Life: Librarians Who Write Thrive on How Well Their Chosen Careers Complement One Another (United States)

    Williams, Wilda


    "I think the only other professionals who turn to writing as much as librarians are lawyers" notes Jayne Ann Krentz, a former librarian-turned-best-selling author of romantic suspense. "I tend to be interested in things in a serial sort of fashion, getting deeply involved and then going on to something else," says the Seattle-based novelist. "This…

  16. Assertiveness for Librarians Harried by Inappropriate Lecture Hall and Classroom Assignments. (United States)

    Parker, J. Carlyle


    Describes problems encountered by public librarians when assisting students with assignments that are difficult or impossible to complete. Examples of librarians' successes in assertive, tactful communication with instructors and a list of solutions to inappropriate assignments are provided. Special emphasis is given to assignments dealing with…

  17. Asian/Pacific American Librarians Association--A History of APALA and Its Founders. (United States)

    Yamashita, Kenneth A.


    Describes the societal and professional, as well as the personal, contexts which motivated the creation of the Asian/Pacific American Librarians Association (APALA) and its predecessor, the Asian American Librarians Caucus/Association (AALC/A). Includes profiles of the Asian/Pacific American library leaders who established these organizations and…

  18. Understanding the Changing Role of Academic Librarians from a Psychological Perspective: A Literature Review (United States)

    Shupe, Ellen I.; Pung, Stephanie K.


    Although issues related to the role of librarians have long been discussed in the literature on academic librarianship, there has been little attempt to incorporate the extensive psychological theory and research on role-related issues. In the current article we review the empirical literature on the role of librarians, with a particular focus on…

  19. A Short Course on Patent Reference for Science and Technology Librarians (United States)

    Shackle, Linda


    Now that the full text of patents as well as patent searching tools are available for free on the Internet, every librarian who is responsible for assisting people with science and technology information should have a basic knowledge of this aspect of intellectual property. Whether a school librarian helping children discover the world of…

  20. The Reference Librarian as Mediator: Predicting Accuracy Scores from User Impressions. (United States)

    Lancaster, F. W.; And Others


    This study, conducted at Illinois State University library, evaluated the ability of professional librarians to answer reference questions. Evaluations by undergraduate students were scored for accuracy of response and attitude of the librarian to determine the best attitudinal predictor of accuracy scores. The evaluation form is appended. (three…