WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Teacher-Librarians: Mirror Images + the Spark.  

Science.gov (United States)

Focuses on findings from studies investigating leadership for change in schools and districts which indicate that teacher- librarians must be mirror-images of other teachers if they are to have credibility with teachers and principals. Discusses the essential characteristics of knowledge base; technical skills; personal, interpersonal and team…

Brown, Jean; Sheppard, Bruce

1998-01-01

2

The Librarian's Guide to Cyberspace for Parents and Kids  

Science.gov (United States)

At its recent annual national conference, the American Library Association (ALA) introduced The Librarian's Guide to Cyberspace for Parents and Kids, a modest but helpful guide for parents and their children who are relatively new to the Internet. The site is geared mostly towards helping parents find the best web resources for their children. It provides parents with definitions of common Internet terms, safety tips, and guidelines for selecting quality sites. The ALA gives parents a head start in this last category with a list of fifty fun and useful links that everyone in the family can enjoy.

3

The School Librarian as Teacher: What Kind of Teacher Are You?  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author discusses the role of school librarians as teachers in our learning ecosystems. In the author's partnership as an embedded librarian with English teacher Susan Lester at Creekview High School, they have sought in their Media 21 learning initiative to engage student participation, creating and sustaining conversations…

Hamilton, Buffy J.

2011-01-01

4

Fully Loaded: Outfitting a Teacher Librarian for the 21st Century. Here's What It Takes  

Science.gov (United States)

Like many teacher librarians, this author is often blessed with the opportunity to mentor preservice teacher librarians. There are "apps" she would like to "load" onto every student teacher-librarian's "screen," if he or she is to have true credibility in leading a school through an information and communication landscape that is continually in…

Valenza, Joyce Kasman

2011-01-01

5

Expert Systems: An Overview for Teacher-Librarians.  

Science.gov (United States)

Provides an overview of expert systems for teacher librarians. Highlights include artificial intelligence and expert systems; the development of the MYCIN medical expert system; rule-based expert systems; the use of expert system shells to develop a specific system; and how to select an appropriate application for an expert system. (11 references)…

Orwig, Gary; Barron, Ann

1992-01-01

6

The Effect of Professional Development on Teacher and Librarian Collaboration: Preliminary Findings Using a Revised Instrument, TLC-III  

Science.gov (United States)

This study describes preliminary results of a study with elementary school teachers and librarians. Professional-development intervention workshops were conducted to improve teacher and school librarian collaboration to integrate library and subject content. A revised 24-item teacher and school librarian collaboration instrument (TLC-III) was used…

Montiel-Overall, Patricia; Hernandez, Anthony C. R.

2012-01-01

7

Looking toward the Future: Competences for 21st-Century Teacher-Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

What are the core competences required by teacher-librarians for developing exemplary school library programs in 21st-century schools? This article reports on a study that explored the experiences and attitudes of graduates from the Teacher Librarianship by Distance Learning program at the University of Alberta in Edmonton. Key findings from this…

de Groot, Joanne; Branch, Jennifer L.

2011-01-01

8

Physical Sciences: Curriculum Resources and Activities for School Librarians and Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This book provides resources to teachers and librarians for creating thematic units on specific topics targeting grades K-8. Each topic includes key concepts, comprehensive teaching resources, teaching resources (nonfiction children's literature), reading selections (fiction children's literature), science activities, creative writing and art…

Bain, Amy; Richer, Janet; Weckman, Janet

9

Life Sciences: Curriculum Resources and Activities for School Librarians and Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This book provides resources to teachers and librarians for creating thematic units on specific topics targeting grades K-8. Each topic includes key concepts, comprehensive teaching resources, teaching resources (nonfiction children's literature), reading selections (fiction children's literature), science activities, creative writing and art…

Bain, Amy; Richer, Janet; Weckman, Janet

10

Earth Sciences: Curriculum Resources and Activities for School Librarians and Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This book provides resources to teachers and librarians for creating thematic units on specific topics targeting grades K-8. Each topic includes key concepts, comprehensive teaching resources, teaching resources (nonfiction children's literature), reading selections (fiction children's literature), science activities, creative writing and art…

Bain, Amy; Richer, Janet; Weckman, Janet

11

Perceptions of Early Childhood Teachers and Parents of Teacher?Parent Interactions in an Indian Context  

Science.gov (United States)

The study assessed the nature of parent--teacher interactions of preschool teachers in India with parents of preschool children. Specifically, the impact of teacher training, satisfaction with training and the job, years of experience and class size on the nature of interactions with parents were examined. Perceptions of both parents and teachers

Joshi, Arti; Taylor, Alan

2005-01-01

12

Who's doing the talking? Teacher and parent experiences of parent-teacher conferences  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The most common form of direct communication between parents and teachers in schools worldwide is the parent-teacher conference. Purposeful parent-teacher conferences afford the teacher and the parent the opportunity to address a particular topic related to the child, such as academic progress and behaviour. However, teachers are seldom trained to interact with parents, and both parents and teachers often find such encounters stressful and ineffective. This paper investigates parent and teacher perspectives on the parent-teacher conference through a qualitative inquiry. This is framed by the contributions of ecological theorists to home-school communication and an overview of extant themes in the literature. In the present qualitative inquiry, teacher, parent and learner participants were selected by purposeful and snowball sampling and data were gathered by individual and focus group interviews, school visits and the perusal of written parent-teacher conference reports. The findings indicate that parent-teacher conferences are ritualised school events in all types of schools; parents and teachers' expectations of conferences are limited; teachers are not trained to conduct parent-teacher conferences; and conferencesare overwhelmingly directed at problem solution. Parent-teacher conferences are characterised by a client orientation to parents, rather than a partnership orientation to home-school relations.

E M Lemmer

2012-01-01

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Who's doing the talking? Teacher and parent experiences of parent-teacher conferences  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO South Africa | Language: English Abstract in english The most common form of direct communication between parents and teachers in schools worldwide is the parent-teacher conference. Purposeful parent-teacher conferences afford the teacher and the parent the opportunity to address a particular topic related to the child, such as academic progress and b [...] ehaviour. However, teachers are seldom trained to interact with parents, and both parents and teachers often find such encounters stressful and ineffective. This paper investigates parent and teacher perspectives on the parent-teacher conference through a qualitative inquiry. This is framed by the contributions of ecological theorists to home-school communication and an overview of extant themes in the literature. In the present qualitative inquiry, teacher, parent and learner participants were selected by purposeful and snowball sampling and data were gathered by individual and focus group interviews, school visits and the perusal of written parent-teacher conference reports. The findings indicate that parent-teacher conferences are ritualised school events in all types of schools; parents and teachers' expectations of conferences are limited; teachers are not trained to conduct parent-teacher conferences; and conferencesare overwhelmingly directed at problem solution. Parent-teacher conferences are characterised by a client orientation to parents, rather than a partnership orientation to home-school relations.

E M, Lemmer.

14

Teachers and Librarians Collaborate! Teaching about Hispanic Culture  

Science.gov (United States)

Social studies instruction benefits from collaboration between classroom teachers and library media specialists who together can identify the best trade books to meet the goals of the social studies curriculum. Many lists of effective collaboration strategies have been published, but there are few descriptive examples of successful…

Codispoti, Margit; Hickey, M. Gail

2007-01-01

15

Information Literacy and Transfer in Schools: Implications for Teacher Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

This study focuses on the use of the New South Wales (NSW) Department of Education and Training information literacy model in a primary school as the basis for the possible establishment of a culture of transfer of information literacy skills. The study used constructivist grounded analysis to interpret data gathered from teachers and principals.…

Herring, James E.; Bush, Stephanie J.

2011-01-01

16

Teachers and Parents: The Milwaukee Experience.  

Science.gov (United States)

This booklet tells of the 1987 struggle teachers and parents of a racially-integrated, working-class neighborhood of Milwaukee faced when the central administration of the Milwaukee Public Schools announced the closing of the neighborhood school. Parents and teachers dreamed of a decent school that children would want to attend, in an integrated…

Peterson, Robert

17

Boys and Literacy: Practical Strategies for Librarians, Teachers, and Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

Literacy and boys is currently a hot issue in education and the media. This new book by award winning authors Knowles and Smith explores the facts and research on the topic and furnishes annotations of current, relevant journal and magazine articles. It gives strategies for making changes in the classroom and the home to help improve the literacy…

Knowles, Elizabeth; Smith, Martha

2005-01-01

18

Developing the Capacity of Teacher-Librarians to Meet the Diverse Needs of All Schoolchildren: Project ENABLE  

Science.gov (United States)

US school libraries are required to ensure that schoolchildren and school staff with disabilities have equal opportunity to use and benefit from library facilities and information services under federal law. However, evidence indicates teacher-librarians (TLs) often lack the training, knowledge and skills to provide programmes and services that…

Myhill, William N.; Hill, Renee Franklin; Link, Kristen; Small, Ruth V.; Bunch, Kelly

2012-01-01

19

Approaches to Building Teacher-Parent Cooperation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to explore the areas of cooperation inwhich parent and teacher expectations were the same and where they differed. Data were obtained from a sample of 55 randomly selected primary schools. We analyzed school-to home communications, parentalinfluence on school decisions, and parent involvement in different school activities. At the same time, we also explored building cooperation among the teachers, students, and their parents, within the framework of the program ‘Reading and Conversation’. The findings indicated that the third- and ninth- grade lead teachers were mostly in agreement about the importance of parent involvement and as such represented a fairly homogenous group. The third-grade lead teachers were more open about actual involvement of parents in instruction than their ninth-grade colleagues, who were more cautious and restrained. In contrast to the lead teachers who represented a relatively narrow professional group, parents’ views were much more diverse. Parental education was the best predictor of their readiness to become involved in the life and work of their children’s school. Whether the area in which the families lived was urban or suburban did not make any difference. The evaluation of the one-year ‘Reading and Conversation’ programme revealed increases in parents’motivation to collaborate with the school as a consequence of the program’s approach to work, as well as improvement in mutual relationships and dialogue.

Franc Cankar

2012-01-01

20

Academic Librarians Have Concerns about Their Role as Teachers. A Review of: Walter, Scott. “Librarians as Teachers: A Qualitative Inquiry into Professional Identity.” College and Research Libraries 69.1 (2008: 51-71.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – This study explores how academic librarians are introduced to teaching, the degree to which they think of themselves as teachers, the ways in which being a teacher has become a significant feature of their professional identity, and the factors that may influence academic librarians to adopt a “teacher identity.” Design – A literature review extended by qualitative semi-structured interviews.Setting – The research took place at an American university with the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching designation of “Doctoral/Research — Extensive.”Subjects – Six academic librarians.Methods – The main feature of the article is an extensive literature review around the themes of LIS, teaching, and qualitative research methodologies. The literature review is supplemented by qualitative research consisting of semi-structured interviews of between 45 and 90 minutes each, which were conducted during spring2004 with six librarians (five women and one man, whose length of professional service ranged from 2 to 32 years. All of the participants worked at the same institution. The data collected were reviewed throughout the process using field memos and a research log. The data were analyzed using a coding process where discrete ideas that emerged from the data were used to identify a small number of themes. The initial conclusions in the study were validated through member checking during the writing phase. “Member checking involves sharing draft study findings with the participants, to inquire whether their viewpoints were faithfully interpreted, whether there are gross errors of fact, and whether the account makes sense to participants with different perspectives”(Centre for Health Evidence.Main Results – Five themes around teaching and teacher identity as they pertain to academic librarians emerged from thedata. The first theme was the centrality of teaching. Each participant sought out a position where the teaching role was valued.The role of teacher spilled over into the other roles of the librarian, i.e., reference service, collection development, etc. Thenext theme was the importance of collegial and administrative support, which is critical to the ability to focus on work as a teacher. The stress of multiple demands emerged as a theme, as time dedicated to teaching was often at the expense of something else. Another theme was the problems with professional education around teaching. Instruction course offerings in library schools were reported to be meagre, and some were badly planned and executed. The fifth theme involved stereotypes and misperceptions. Studies have shown that the academic library profession has been poorly understood by students and faculty. Study participants believed that many of their campus colleagues were either unaware of what they did, or were misinformed by popular culture stereotypes of librarians.Conclusions – The small sample size precluded the making of any definite conclusions based on the study results. Other limitations of the study include the relatively short amount of time spent in the interview process and the narrow range of librarians chosen to participate. The author notes that a subject pool more representative of academic librarians’ full range of opinions regarding the importance of teaching as a professional responsibility would have resulted in more complex themes emerging. While the author is aware of the study’s limitations, he feels there is value in the qualitative research design, in giving voice to individual librarians, and in the provision of insight into some of the research questions found in the literature of learning to teach and of teacher identity. Given the limitations, Walter makes three conclusions about his findings. He points out the lack of a formal introduction to teaching in many library programs which has been explored by other studies and concludes that his study “suggests that continuing lack of attention to this issue results in a difficult introduction into the profession for n

Virginia Wilson

2008-09-01

 
 
 
 
21

Learning about the Endangered Librarian  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes interviews with 40 elementary school librarians conducted by pre-service and in-service teachers. The purpose of the interviews was for education students to understand the responsibilities of the librarian, how the librarian might support them as teachers, and the future of the position in today's schools. Results suggest…

Bromley, Karen

2011-01-01

22

Parents, Teachers and the "Community of Practice"  

Science.gov (United States)

Raffo and Gunter (20087) argue that there is insufficient research which has "systematically examined, categorised and synthesised the types of leadership in schools that might assist social inclusion" (p. 397). In this paper I argue that Wenger's concept of a "community of practice", when applied to the parent-teacher relationship, provides a…

Laluvein, Jackie

2010-01-01

23

Between Teachers & Parent: Helping Children Manage Stress  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author discusses how to manage stress in children. A teacher's story and a parent's story about a child who complains of frequent stomach aches, is presented. Stomach aches and other somatic complaints without any apparent physical explanation are common among young children experiencing stress. Nevertheless, it is essential…

Brodkin, Adele M.

2005-01-01

24

Parent-teacher agreement on children's problems in 21 societies.  

Science.gov (United States)

Parent-teacher cross-informant agreement, although usually modest, may provide important clinical information. Using data for 27,962 children from 21 societies, we asked the following: (a) Do parents report more problems than teachers, and does this vary by society, age, gender, or type of problem? (b) Does parent-teacher agreement vary across different problem scales or across societies? (c) How well do parents and teachers in different societies agree on problem item ratings? (d) How much do parent-teacher dyads in different societies vary in within-dyad agreement on problem items? (e) How well do parents and teachers in 21 societies agree on whether the child's problem level exceeds a deviance threshold? We used five methods to test agreement for Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Teacher's Report Form (TRF) ratings. CBCL scores were higher than TRF scores on most scales, but the informant differences varied in magnitude across the societies studied. Cross-informant correlations for problem scale scores varied moderately across societies studied and were significantly higher for Externalizing than Internalizing problems. Parents and teachers tended to rate the same items as low, medium, or high, but within-dyad item agreement varied widely in every society studied. In all societies studied, both parental noncorroboration of teacher-reported deviance and teacher noncorroboration of parent-reported deviance were common. Our findings underscore the importance of obtaining information from parents and teachers when evaluating and treating children, highlight the need to use multiple methods of quantifying cross-informant agreement, and provide comprehensive baselines for patterns of parent-teacher agreement across 21 societies. PMID:24787452

Rescorla, Leslie A; Bochicchio, Lauren; Achenbach, Thomas M; Ivanova, Masha Y; Almqvist, Fredrik; Begovac, Ivan; Bilenberg, Niels; Bird, Hector; Dobrean, Anca; Erol, Nese; Fombonne, Eric; Fonseca, Antonio; Frigerio, Alessandra; Fung, Daniel S S; Lambert, Michael C; Leung, Patrick W L; Liu, Xianchen; Markovi?, Ivica; Markovic, Jasminka; Minaei, Asghar; Ooi, Yoon Phaik; Roussos, Alexandra; Rudan, Vlasta; Simsek, Zeynep; van der Ende, Jan; Weintraub, Sheila; Wolanczyk, Tomasz; Woo, Bernardine; Weiss, Bahr; Weisz, John; Zukauskiene, Rita; Verhulst, Frank C

2014-01-01

25

Parent-teacher agreement on children's problems in 21 societies  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Parent-teacher cross-informant agreement, although usually modest, may provide important clinical information. Using data for 27,962 children from 21 societies, we asked the following: (a) Do parents report more problems than teachers, and does this vary by society, age, gender, or type of problem? (b) Does parent-teacher agreement vary across different problem scales or across societies? (c) How well do parents and teachers in different societies agree on problem item ratings? (d) How much do parent-teacher dyads in different societies vary in within-dyad agreement on problem items? (e) How well do parents and teachers in 21 societies agree on whether the child's problem level exceeds a deviance threshold? We used five methods to test agreement for Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Teacher's Report Form (TRF) ratings. CBCL scores were higher than TRF scores on most scales, but the informant differences varied in magnitude across the societies studied. Cross-informant correlations for problem scale scores varied moderately across societies studied and were significantly higher for Externalizing than Internalizing problems. Parents and teachers tended to rate the same items as low, medium, or high, but within-dyad item agreement varied widely in every society studied. In all societies studied, both parental noncorroboration of teacher-reported deviance and teacher noncorroboration of parent-reported deviance were common. Our findings underscore the importance of obtaining information from parents and teachers when evaluating and treating children, highlight the need to use multiple methods of quantifying cross-informant agreement, and provide comprehensive baselines for patterns of parent-teacher agreement across 21 societies.

Rescorla, Leslie A; Bochicchio, Lauren

2014-01-01

26

Christchurch City Libraries "Ready for Reading": Librarians and Teachers Working Together to Strengthen Literacy Opportunities for a Group of Marginalised Preschoolers  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on the experiences of the Evaluation Team, comprised of experienced librarians from the Christchurch City Libraries and primary teacher educators (from Canterbury University) as they planned and implemented interventions working with the children of teen mothers (one marginalised cohort within a wider study). In particular it…

Buckley, Philippa; Meek, Brad; Street, Pat

2010-01-01

27

Comparisons of Parent and Teacher Attitudes toward Mainstreaming. Draft.  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents (N=282) and teachers (N=121) were surveyed on academic and social issues involved in mainstreaming handicapped students. Teachers and parents represented four different educational settings: a minimally mainstreamed public school, a heavily mainstreamed public school, a special school for students with disabilities, and a reverse…

Henfield, Paul; Stieglitz, Maria

28

School Governance and Teachers' Attitudes to Parents' Involvement in Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

This study probes teachers' attitudes toward parental involvement in schools as a function of four types of school governance as suggested by Bauch and Goldring. Participants of the study included headteachers, chairpersons of parents' committees, and teachers of 11 primary schools in a medium-sized town in Israel. A discriminant analysis found…

Addi-Raccah, Audrey; Ainhoren, Ronit

2009-01-01

29

Personalizing the Classroom Experience: Teachers, Librarians and Administrators Connect the Dots with Digital Learning. Speak Up 2011 National Findings: K-12 Teachers, Librarians & Administrators  

Science.gov (United States)

For the past nine years, the Speak Up National Research Project has endeavored to stimulate new discussions around how technology tools and services can transform education and to provide a context to help education, parent, policy and business leaders think beyond today and envision tomorrow. With this year's report on the data findings from the…

Project Tomorrow, 2012

2012-01-01

30

Teacher-Parent Relationships: Influence of Gender and Education on Organizational Parents' Counterproductive Behaviors  

Science.gov (United States)

The present paper examines the influence of parent's demographics (gender and educational level) and a contextual variable (school grade) on counterproductive parents' behavior during interaction with teachers. Data were gathered by administering the Italian version of the Challenging Parent Standard Questionnaire (Pepe 2010) to a sample…

Pepe, Alessandro; Addimando, Loredana

2014-01-01

31

The parent/child/teacher reading relation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Becoming a reader involves gaining the meaning of the activities involved which includes the purposes, values and roles that are part of the activity. At home literacy is contextualised and a child becomes aware of the uses and practises of reading in his or her culture. This home based literacy is a more natural form of literacy and must be distinguishedfrom school based literacy which is a more organised, systematic literacy. Teachers need to be aware of the important role that preliteracy experience plays in a child's ability to learn to read successfully. They can then provide experiences that will help those children who come to school without the prerequisite emergent literacy skills to become good readers. Teachers will benefit from being aware of family literacy practices and encouraging parents to become involved in their children's reading, because this will help children to make reading and general literacy activities more meaningful. Children who become successful readers associate books with enjoyment and are therefore willing to make the effort to become readers. This is more likely to happen with the support from the family. Research indicates that a key predictor of student success is family involvement in children's education (Ginsburg, 1999:3. Om 'n leser te word, hou in dat betekenis gevorm moet word van die aktiwiteite wat by lees betrokke is, nl die doel, waardes en rolle wat deel van die aktiwiteite. Geletterdheid word by die huis gekontekstualiseer en 'n kind word bewus van die gebruike van en praktyke vir lees in sy of haar kultuur. Hierdie huisgebaseerde geletterdheid is die natuurlikste vorm van geletterdheid en moet onderskei word van skoolgebaseerde geletterdheid wat 'n meer georganiseerde sistematiese soort geletterdheid is. Onderwysers moet bewus wees van die belangrike rol wat voor-geletterdheidervaring speel in In kind se vermoe om suksesvol te leer lees. Hulle kan dan geleenthede organiseer wat daardie kinders sal help wat sonder die voorvereiste ontluikende geletterdheidsvaardighede skool toe kom om goeie lesers te word. Onderwysers sal voordeel daaruit trek as hulle bewus is van gesinsgeletterdheidspraktyke en ouers aanmoedig om betrokke te raak by hulle kinders se leesontwikkeling omdat dit kinders sal help om lees en algemene geletterdheidsaktiwiteite meer betekenisvol te maak. Kinders wat suksesvolle lesers word, assosieer boeke met genot en daarom is hulle gewillig am moeite te doen om lesers te word. Dit sal makliker gebeur met die ondersteuning van die gesin. Navorsing dui daarop dat 'n sleutelvoorspeller van 'n leerder se leessukses sy gesin se betrokkenheid by hulle opvoeding is (Ginsburg, 1999:3.

Myrna Machet

2008-08-01

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Being a librarian for young people - yes!  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The development of information sources and their presence in libraries has rosen some new questions for the librarians for young people. What should their role be, should they become only instructors for the use of information sources or should they become mediators between information source and user? Or should they in the first pla?e remain experts and counsellors, specialized in children and youth literature, for children, their parents, educators, teachers and others working with young people? How to find and keep one's pla?e in the frames of librarianship? Are special forms of training needed for librarians working with young people; in this context, more attention should be payed to the hands-on training with new information sources.

Elizabeta Hriberšek-Balkovec

1997-01-01

33

Process into Products: Supporting Teachers to Engage Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

This article addresses the need for novice teachers to receive exposure and experiences related to family engagement as part of their academic preparation to better facilitate their actual parent involvement practices. In a graduate-level parent involvement in education course, early childhood educators had an opportunity to engage in a variety of…

Abel, Yolanda

2014-01-01

34

The Privacy Problem: Although School Librarians Seldom Discuss It, Students' Privacy Rights Are under Attack  

Science.gov (United States)

Every day in school libraries nationwide, students' privacy rights are under attack, but many principals, teachers, parents, and community members do not know much about these rights. Even though school librarians are among the strongest proponents of privacy, the subject is rarely discussed, probably because state and federal laws can be…

Adams, Helen R.

2011-01-01

35

Parents as "Help Labor": Inner-City Teachers' Narratives of Parent Involvement  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines teachers' perceptions of parent involvement through the narratives of 15 racially and linguistically diverse teachers who worked together at Jefferson Elementary, an inner-city school in Northern California composed mostly of African-American, Latino, and Asian students. One overarching research question framed the…

Christianakis, Mary

2011-01-01

36

The Note of Discord: Examining Educational Perspectives between Teachers and Korean Parents in the U. S.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined and compared the educational perspectives of Korean parents of elementary school students and their teachers. 430 parents and 143 teachers in the New York metropolitan area participated in the survey and 16 teachers, administrators, and parents were interviewed. The findings indicated that the teachers not only misunderstood…

Kwon, Kyee Yum; Suh, Younjung; Bang, Yoo-Seon; Jung, Jeesun; Moon, Seungho

2010-01-01

37

Preschoolers' Psychosocial Problems: In the Eyes of the Beholder? Adding Teacher Characteristics as Determinants of Discrepant Parent-Teacher Reports  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study, we explored informant characteristics as determinants of parent-teacher disagreement on preschoolers' psychosocial problems. Teacher characteristics were included in the analyses, in addition to child and parent factors. Psychosocial problems of 732 4-year olds from a Norwegian community sample were assessed by parents and teachers

Berg-Nielsen, Turid Suzanne; Solheim, Elisabet; Belsky, Jay; Wichstrom, Lars

2012-01-01

38

Parent-Teacher-Student Discrepancies in Academic Ability Beliefs: Influences on Parent Involvement  

Science.gov (United States)

Most studies examining influences on parent involvement focus on common demographic factors, such as social class or gender, and on elementary grades. In the present study, we investigated a more malleable influence, perceptions of ability, in the context of middle school. We examined how perceptions held by parents, teachers, and students…

Patel, Nimisha; Stevens, Sharon

2010-01-01

39

Socio-Economic Background, Parental Involvement and Teacher Perceptions of These in Relation to Pupil Achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

Parental involvement and teacher perceptions of parental involvement in the education of children were studied in relation to level of parental education and pupil achievement. A questionnaire was administered to 218 parents and 60 teachers. Correlational analyses and paired-sample analyses showed teacher perceptions to be weakly related to…

Bakker, Joep; Denessen, Eddie; Brus-Laeven, Mariel

2007-01-01

40

LIBRARIAN’S VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES IN POLAND  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The article discusses how librarians are using social networking sites in Poland. It describes the largest polish librarian’s virtual communities and shows them as a tool that can be helpful in librarian’s work. Librarian comprise a special professional group that is evolving very fast. The reason is the fast progress of technology and internet network that have reached the polish libraries. Virtual communities are the source of professional knowledge where librarians can d...

Majewska, Paulina

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Cooperation Between Migrant Parents and Teachers in School: A Resource?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Even smaller Western countries receive immigrants from remote areas with poorer living conditions. As stated in the U.N. Child Convention, immigrant children should be given equal opportunities in education. Parents are always interested in their children’s future, and education may gain from stronger cooperation between school and parents. Some research shows that even illiterate parents may support their children’s training in a second language (Cummins, 1986/2001, p. 665. Dialogues between teachers and parents promote mutual understanding and increase parents’ knowledge of school and society. This might make the parents trust society more, enhance their acculturation and reduce future intergenerational conflicts (Portes & Rumbaut, 2001. A professional teacher needs cultural knowledge and understanding in order to give her/his students an education adapted to their needs. Migrant students especially should feel that there is coherence in their education, because cultural conflicts sap their energy and may also cause identity problems and lead to lack of motivation. For teachers it is important that education policy provides for equal opportunities. Norway has an inclusive policy concerning immigrant children. The students have language support to a certain degree both in their mother tongue and in Norwegian when needed. Parents and schools are obliged to cooperate in education, and some support is therefore given to translation. Cooperation is required by conferences and meetings. There are gains for all parties in cooperation between school and migrant parents, but it is difficult to develop mutual cultural understanding for all students and equal opportunities for migrant students. This requires a clear school policy, the means to implement it, and teacher competence. It takes a process to learn how to cooperate and give adequate support. The Norwegian policy shows a will to cooperation, but the implementation of the policy can still be improved.

Martha Lea

2012-01-01

42

Teacher training: Parent-teacher relations in Poland  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A long-term, complex and radical reform of didactic methods and programmes as well as school system structure began in Poland in the year 1999. One of the fundamental assumptions of the educational reform was parents’ involvement in school life. “The aim of the undertaken actions, in the context of cooperation with parents, was reconstruction of the natural responsibility for a child’s fate, which should be borne by their closest relatives.[1]” School’s duties towards family may ...

Banasiak, Ma?gorzata

2011-01-01

43

Preservice teacher attitudes toward gay and lesbian parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gay and lesbian parents are raising an increasing number of children, but little is known about how these parents are viewed by school personnel. In this study, preservice teacher attitudes toward gay and lesbian parents were assessed using implicit, explicit, behavioral, and behavioroid measures. Implicit measures indicate that participants rated same-gender targets more negatively than they rated heterosexual targets, and they rated targets of gay men more negatively than they rated lesbians; however, response patterns varied by participant sex. Furthermore, implicit measures of sexual prejudice generally correlated with explicit and behavioroid measures. The implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:23647242

Herbstrith, Julie C; Tobin, Renée M; Hesson-McInnis, Matthew S; Joel Schneider, W

2013-09-01

44

What Do Teacher-Child Interactions in Early Childhood Classrooms in India Look Like? Teachers' and Parents' Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

The study assessed the nature of teacher-child interactions in early childhood classrooms in India, from the teachers' and parents' perspectives. Specifically, the impact of teacher training, satisfaction with training and job, years of experience, and class size on the teacher-child interactions were examined. Sixty-five preschool teachers and…

Joshi, Arti

2009-01-01

45

Korean Parental Beliefs about ELT from the Perspective of Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

In South Korea, as in many other parts of the world, children begin learning English when they are very young. Korean parents want their children to learn English as quickly as possible and often make heavy financial and other investments in their children's English language education. English language teachers of school-age learners in Korea…

Linse, Caroline

2011-01-01

46

Parents and Teachers Working Together for Advocacy through Public Relations.  

Science.gov (United States)

Offers guidance for parents, teachers, and other advocates for gifted education on the use of public relations to increase local, state, and national support. Topics covered include the importance of using the media, state-level strategies, targeting the audience, planning a public-relations campaign, and some possible print and non-print media…

Karnes, Frances A.; Lewis, Joan D.; Stephens, Kristen R.

1999-01-01

47

Obesity Prevention in Early Adolescence: Student, Parent, and Teacher Views  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Obesity is a significant health problem among today's youth; however, most school-based prevention programs in this area have had limited success. Focus groups were conducted with seventh- to eighth-grade students, parents, and teachers to provide insight into the development of a comprehensive program for the prevention of adolescent…

Power, Thomas G.; Bindler, Ruth C.; Goetz, Summer; Daratha, Kenneth B.

2010-01-01

48

Teacher, Parent and Student Perceptions of the Motives of Cyberbullies  

Science.gov (United States)

Understanding the motivation of students who cyberbully is important for both prevention and intervention efforts for this insidious form of bullying. This qualitative exploratory study used focus groups to examine the views of teachers, parents and students as to the motivation of students who cyberbully and who bully in other traditional forms.…

Compton, Louise; Campbell, Marilyn A.; Mergler, Amanda

2014-01-01

49

What Teachers and Parents Should Know about Ritalin.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents basic information on Ritalin, a frequently prescribed stimulant medication for students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. A quiz evaluates the reader's knowledge level and is followed by an explanation of the correct answers. Also considered are pros and cons of Ritalin use, teachers' and parents' responses to the quiz, and…

Prater, Mary Anne; Pancheri, Christina

1999-01-01

50

The parent/child/teacher reading relation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Becoming a reader involves gaining the meaning of the activities involved which includes the purposes, values and roles that are part of the activity. At home literacy is contextualised and a child becomes aware of the uses and practises of reading in his or her culture. This home based literacy is a more natural form of literacy and must be distinguishedfrom school based literacy which is a more organised, systematic literacy. Teachers need to be aware of the important role that preliteracy ...

Myrna Machet

2008-01-01

51

Treating Children With Early-Onset Conduct Problems: Intervention Outcomes for Parent, Child, and Teacher Training  

Science.gov (United States)

Families of 159, 4- to 8-year-old children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) were randomly assigned to parent training (PT); parent plus teacher training (PT + TT); child training (CT); child plus teacher training (CT + TT); parent, child, plus teacher training (PT + CT + TT); or a waiting list control. Reports and independent observations…

Webster-Stratton, Carolyn; Reid, M. Jamila; Hammond, Mary

2004-01-01

52

Kindergarten and First-Grade Teachers' Reported Knowledge of Parents' Involvement in Their Children's Education.  

Science.gov (United States)

First-grade and kindergarten teachers rated parents' involvement in their children's education. A significant portion of teachers reported limited knowledge of parents' involvement in their children's education. Findings were consistent with reports of a lack of opportunity for meaningful communication between parents and teachers, and indicate…

Baker, Amy J. L.; Kessler-Sklar, Susan; Piotrkowski, Chaya S.; Parker, Faith Lamb

1999-01-01

53

The singing teacher as vocal parent.  

Science.gov (United States)

Vocal parenting is a pedagogical approach that views the teaching of singing to children as a nurturing process. It encompasses the development of fundamentally sound vocal technique, guidance in repertoire selection and performance practices, and concern for the physical, mental, and emotional well-being of the child as a singer, performer, and person. Role-play and storytelling are among the strategies employed to fully integrate vocal technique with the personality of the singer. PMID:9181533

Edwin, R

1997-06-01

54

Impact of Children's Identified Disability Status on Parent and Teacher Behavior Ratings  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was an examination of the possible influence of a child's pre-identified disability on parent and teacher behavior ratings and whether a child's disability status affected parent ratings, when controlling for parenting stress. The sample included 206 kindergarten through third grade students and their teachers and parents from…

Schwehr, Ethan; Bocanegra, Joel O.; Kwon, Kyongboon; Sheridan, Susan M.

2014-01-01

55

Parents’ and Teachers’ Opinions about the School Food Policy in Belgian Flemish Nursery Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The partnership of parents, teachers, and schools is necessary to develop effective school food interventions. To gather parents’ and teachers’ opinions and perceptions about the school food policy, 884 parents and 70 teachers of preschoolers completed a questionnaire. School food policy is an issue of importance for parents and teachers: the majority agrees that schools should restrict the availability of snacks and soft drinks; however, to replace fruit juice and sugared milk drinks with sugarless alternatives will take special effort. Fruit is not always available at school, although parents would appreciate it. Parents of lower educational level are in general more permissive.

Isabelle Wittebroodt

2009-03-01

56

Listening for Learning in the Talk: An Ethnographic Story of the School Librarian as Broker in Collaborative Planning with Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Collaboration is widely promoted in school librarianship and education, yet little is known about the talk it entails. This intrinsic case study of eight planning meetings employed a discourse analysis and socio-cultural perspective to examine the school librarian's role as a broker for learning in the discourse of collaborative planning with…

Kimmel, Sue Crownfield

2010-01-01

57

A Neophyte Early Childhood Teacher's Developing Relationships with Parents: An Ecological Perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Research has shown that close ties between early childhood teachers and parents are helpful for children, but many teachers have mixed feelings about, or feel unprepared for, such relationships. This study, drawn from a larger study of preservice and beginning teachers, used narrative inquiry to trace the development of an early childhood teacher?s relationships with parents during her first 2 years of teaching. Interviews and an audiotaped journal provided material for construction of the narrative, which illustrates the teacher?s gradual shift from a focus on self-preservation toward responsiveness and collaboration. The findings highlight the ecological nature of teacher?parent relationships and the integral role of teachers? personal qualities such as a commitment to reflection on professional practice and the capacity for empathy. Implications for fostering parent?teacher relationships and directions for further inquiry are considered.

Jennifer Sumsion

1999-01-01

58

Does a successful teacher educate like a good parent  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Starting from the assumption on the importance of influence that school and family exert on child development, the paper analyzes the effects of parental treatments on child social behavior. Empirical evidence proves that parents who contribute to the fullest extent to their children’s successful adaptation to school conditions, possess a specific style of communication with their children: they consistently support just behavior standards encourage a two-way communication, respect child’s opinions, are highly expectant of child’s responsible and mature behavior and care about his physical and emotional well-being. However, there is relatively lesser empirical evidence of teacher contributions to child successful adaptation to school conditions. The findings of more recent studies on the problem indicate that adaptation of younger age children significantly correlates with the quality of relations established with teacher, characterized by warmness, conflict absence and frank communication. The possibility of solving the problems children encounter is found in cooperation of school and family. A child generalizes his experience of family interpersonal relations onto relations he will find himself in throughout his life. In addition to family, the classes where cooperative relations intensively develop are a favorable base for socio-emotional development. Democratic and cooperative climate contribute to stronger ties between students. Joint activities of teachers, parents and peers, in and out of the class, are of crucial importance for student optimal socio-emotional development.

Ševkuši?-Mandi? Slavica G.

2004-01-01

59

Congruence in Parent-Teacher Relationships: The Role of Shared Perceptions  

Science.gov (United States)

Parental engagement is an important avenue for supporting student achievement. Positive relationships between parents and teachers are increasingly recognized as vital in this process. Most studies consider parents' and teachers' perceptions separately, and it is unknown whether shared perceptions of relationship quality matter with…

Minke, Kathleen M.; Sheridan, Susan M.; Moorman Kim, Elizabeth; Ryoo, Ji Hoon; Koziol, Natalie A.

2014-01-01

60

Parents' and Teachers' Beliefs about Children's School Readiness in a High-Need Community.  

Science.gov (United States)

Compared the beliefs of preschool teachers, kindergarten teachers, and parents regarding children's school readiness in one mostly Hispanic and Black high-need urban school district. Found that parents held remarkably similar beliefs, regardless of ethnicity or education. Parents rated all classroom-related readiness resources such as…

Piotrkowski, Chaya S.; Botsko, Michael; Matthews, Eunice

2000-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Perceived Parenting Styles and Goal Orientations: A Study of Teacher Education Students in Hong Kong  

Science.gov (United States)

Two achievement goals and three perceived parenting styles were identified in a sample of Hong Kong teacher education students. Significant correlations exist within the perceived parenting styles and the achievement goals. Parental authoritativeness was significantly and positively related to learning goal, and parental authoritarianism was…

Chan, Kwok-wai; Chan, Siu-mui

2005-01-01

62

The Effects of Parental Involvement, Trust in Parents, Trust in Students and Pupil Control Ideology on Conflict Management Strategies of Early Childhood Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

In this study it was aimed to determine the effects of parental involvement, teachers' trust in parents and students, and teachers' pupil control ideology on the conflict management strategies used by teachers in classroom management. Data were collected from a sample of 254 teachers through paper and pencil questionnaires. Data were analyzed with…

Karakus, Mehmet; Savas, Ahmet Cezmi

2012-01-01

63

Primary School Teachers’ Perception of Their Qualification for Cooperating with Parents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article presents a survey on teachers’ qualification for collaborating with parents of primary school children aged between 6 and 12. We investigated the most common difficulties that teachers face in communicating with parents and the way they tackle them. We differentiated the responses obtained according to the teachers’ years of service and the school environment they teach in. The teachers claimed that during their undergraduate studies, they had not received satisfactory training on how to communicate with parents. They believe they are not professionally qualified and they lack a wide array of competences which would facilitate their cooperation with parents. Some of the teachers’ observations are as follows: parents are generally willing to constructively exchange opinions about their children; some of them tend to overestimate their children’s abilities or are unequipped with skills on how to handle their child. One third of teacher respondents noted that they had experienced elements of aggressive behaviour in communicating with some parents. This is why we have introduced some guidelines which might help improve certain situations. In a learning society, teachers’ competences have been changing, becoming more complex and requiring teacher’s permanent professional advancement and adoption of modern educational trends. At the same time, we realise that communication is a twoway interdependent process. Along with the competences of a teacher, we must therefore also consider the competences of parents and their contribution to quality cooperation and effective communication.

Šrot Kristina

2013-09-01

64

Musical Talent: Innate or Acquired? Perceptions of Students, Parents, and Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of 125 musically gifted adolescents, 123 parents, and 88 teachers found students believed their success was due to inborn ability and hard work, parents attributed their children's musical accomplishments to encouragement provided by family and friends, and teachers attributed students' musical development to innate talent, hard work, and…

Evans, Robert J.; Bickel, Robert; Pendarvis, Edwina D.

2000-01-01

65

Parent, Student, and Teacher Perceptions of School Climate at Suburban High  

Science.gov (United States)

School climate has a major impact on the school setting. In order to manage climate, it is essential to assess and understand the perceptions of teachers, students, and parents. This study identified the differences between teachers, students, and parents relative to their perceptions concerning school climate at Suburban High. The instrument…

Steiner, Cory J.

2009-01-01

66

If an Adolescent Begins To Fail in School, What Can Parents and Teachers Do? ERIC Digest.  

Science.gov (United States)

Many teens experience a time when keeping up with school work is difficult. Some adolescents are able to get through this time with minimal assistance from their parents or teachers. However, when the difficulties last longer than a single grading period or are linked to a long-term pattern of poor school performance, parents and teachers may need…

Robertson, Anne S.

67

Using Web 2.0 Technologies: Exploring Perspectives of Students, Teachers and Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of the study is to explore the perspectives of students, teachers, and parents in using Web 2.0 technologies. Design/methodology/approach: This study is based on the focus group interview data collected from two groups of students, two groups of teachers, and one group of parents in a secondary school in Hong Kong. Findings:…

Yu, Mingmei; Yuen, Allan H. K.; Park, Jae

2012-01-01

68

Volatile Knowing: Parents, Teachers, and the Censored Story of Accountability in America's Public Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

"Volatile Knowing" refers to the potential for positive change that can result when parents and teachers talk with each other about the politics and policies of externally defined accountability mandates in education. This text tells the story of twelve teachers and parents who breached the unofficial, but deeply inscribed home/school divide to…

Tollefson, Kaia

2008-01-01

69

Who Is Teaching? New Roles for Teachers and Parents in Cyber Charter Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

While teachers in cyber charter schools play the important role of supporting students, many of these schools also rely heavily on the parents or guardians of students to act as co-educators. Teachers are no longer the sole providers of instruction. However, little is known about the roles of parents or guardians, referred to as learning coaches,…

Waters, Lisa Hasler; Leong, Peter

2014-01-01

70

The Role of Parenting Styles and Teacher Interactional Styles in Children's Reading and Spelling Development  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the associations between parenting styles, teacher interactional styles, and children's reading and spelling skills. The sample consisted of 864 Finnish-speaking children and their parents (864 mothers, 864 fathers) and teachers ("N" = 123). Children's risk for reading disabilities and reader status were assessed in…

Kiuru, Noona; Aunola, Kaisa; Torppa, Minna; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Niemi, Pekka; Viljaranta, Jaana; Lyyra, Anna-Liisa; Leskinen, Esko; Tolvanen, Asko; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2012-01-01

71

Parent and Teacher Ratings of Communication among Children with Severe Disabilities and Visual Impairment/Blindness  

Science.gov (United States)

Three trends emerged from independent parent and teacher ratings of receptive communication and expressive forms and functions among students with severe disabilities and visual impairment/blindness. Parents had higher ratings than teachers, receptive communication was rated the highest, and no skills occurred often. Implications are discussed for…

Cascella, Paul W.; Trief, Ellen; Bruce, Susan M.

2012-01-01

72

Teachers' Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Examining the Boundary between In-Role Behavior and Extra-Role Behavior from the Perspective of Teachers, Principals and Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined how different stakeholders in school (principals, teachers, parents) conceptualize teachers' role breadth, i.e., whether they define given behaviors commonly assumed to be OCBs as in-role or extra-role behaviors. Drawing on a survey of 29 principals, 245 teachers and 345 parents, the results showed that principals and teachers

Belogolovsky, Elena; Somech, Anit

2010-01-01

73

The Interactive Effects of Perceived Parental Involvement and Personality on Teacher Satisfaction  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: This study aims to examine the relations between teachers' perception of parental involvement and teacher satisfaction. It further aims to investigate how this relationship may be moderated by interpersonal personality traits. Design/methodology/approach: A questionnaire was conducted; participants were 572 classroom teachers who teach at…

Li, Chung-Kai; Hung, Chia-Hung

2012-01-01

74

Interrelationships between Parenting Styles and Teachers Involvement: From Children’s Emotion Regulation Competence Perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of different parenting styles and teachers’ strategies in classroom interaction for emotion regulation development in preschool children. The quantitative approach employed instruments to measure parenting style and emotion regulation scores. The qualitative approach involved classroom observations and interviews with the teachers. The data revealed to implement an authoritative parenting style. In addition, there is a significant differe...

Mei-Ju Chou; Yi-Chan Tu

2013-01-01

75

Latent profile analysis of teacher perceptions of parent contact and comfort.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of the study was to explore patterns of parent involvement as perceived by teachers and identify correlates of these patterns. Parent involvement indicators and correlates were selected from a review of existing research. Participants included 34 teachers and 577 children in kindergarten through third grade. The vast majority of the sample was African American (78%), followed by Caucasian (19%) and other ethnic backgrounds (2%). Two subscales from the Parent Involvement-Teacher scale, contact and comfort, were entered as indicators in a latent profile analysis to determine the number and types of parent involvement classes. Contact included the frequency of interactions between parents and teachers; comfort included the quality of their relationship with the parent and how well their goals were aligned. Subsequent latent class regressions were conducted to identify student, school, and family characteristics associated with class membership. Three classes provided the optimal solution. This included two classes of parents with low contact with teachers but different comfort levels; one with low contact and low comfort (11%), and one with low contact but high comfort (71%). The remaining class, representing 18% of parents, was rated high on both contact and comfort. Low income status, family problems, and social, emotional, academic, and self-regulation problems distinguished the low comfort class from the other two classes. It is imperative to help teachers feel more comfortable working with families who may be experiencing substantial stressors and who also have children who need support across school and home settings. PMID:23506019

Stormont, Melissa; Herman, Keith C; Reinke, Wendy M; David, Kimberly B; Goel, Nidhi

2013-09-01

76

Qatar’s Educational Reform: The Experiences and Perceptions of Principals, Teachers and Parents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study describes the implications of the massive Qatari educational reform, Education For a New Era (EFNE, from the perspectives of teachers, principals, and parents provides insight into these stakeholders perceptions regarding how EFNE has impacted teaching and learning and the new challenges they face. This qualitative study uses open-ended questionnaires, focus groups and interviews. Survey data is collected from 18 Independent Schools including 17 principals, 413 teachers and 565 parents and interviews with 17 principals, 26 teachers and 50 parents. Findings describe the effects, impact, the challenges and the advantages and disadvantages of EFNE on these stakeholders.  

Michael H Romanowski

2013-06-01

77

School librarians to facilitate an educational change process  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The educational change is not possible if we do not have access to this particular tool we a library. In this scenario, the first aim would be to create real libraries, considered as resource centres for learning. Librarians are among the most well-positioned teachers to make change effective. The knowledge and skills required from school librarians to enable educational changes design a professional role for school librarians as mediators between information and users, who belong to the whol...

Baro?, Mo?nica; Cosials, A?lex

2003-01-01

78

"I Feel Much More Confident Now to Talk with Parents": An Evaluation of In-Service Training on Teacher-Parent Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper describes a teacher in-service training program on teacher-parent communication in Cyprus and its impact on teacher trainees. Data were gathered through questionnaires completed by teachers prior to their training and after having tried, in real school settings, the communication skills and approaches taught during the course. The…

Symeou, Loizos; Roussounidou, Eleni; Michaelides, Michalis

2012-01-01

79

FFA Contests--Viewed by Principals, Parents, FFA Members and Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports conclusions and implications from a study to assess the worth and conduct of Future Farmers of America (FFA) contest activities in Texas, as perceived by secondary school principals, parents, current FFA members, and teachers of vocational agriculture. (MF)

White, Inman; Christiansen, James E.

1978-01-01

80

An efficacy study of a combined parent and teacher management training programme for children with ADHD  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Several parent training programmes and behavioural teacher training programmes built on learning theory have been developed for problem prevention and treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and/or oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) during the last few decades. Group format has often been used for parent training but single-subject designs are more common in teacher training. More studies have focussed on pre-school children than on older children, and a mino...

O?stberg, Monica; Rydell, Ann-margret

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Cultural identity and code-switching among immigrant Chinese students, parents and teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Language may be used to communicate, learn, and express identity. Adopting Chinese schools as a focal point, this dissertation explored how Chinese-Canadians establish their cultural identity through code-switching. This dissertation was guided by four research questions: (1) How is the prevalence of code-switching among Chinese teachers, parents and students at home and school? (2) How do the teachers, parents and students perceive and compare the communicative, learning and identity-reflect...

Lo, Kwan Ngai Vivian

2007-01-01

82

Einbeziehung des Elternhauses durch Lehrer: Art, Ausmass und Bedingungen der Elternpartizipation aus der Sicht von Gymnasiallehrern (The Inclusion of the Parental Home by Teachers: Mode, Extent, and Conditions of Parental Participation from the Perspective of High School Teachers).  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines a survey among high school teachers that focuses on their attitudes, convictions, and assessment of external factors and conditions that effect the goal of parent cooperation in homework supervision. Concludes teachers are open minded. Offers clues to optimizing the cooperation between parents and teachers. (CAJ)

Wild, Elke

2003-01-01

83

Latent mean comparisons on the BRIEF in preterm children: parent and teacher differences.  

Science.gov (United States)

Executive function is a heterogeneous construct applied to cognitive capacities that together enable individuals to effectively engage in activities toward a purposive goal. Children born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW) are at risk of executive dysfunction on performance-based measures. In natural contexts, executive function may be described using such parental and teacher questionnaires as the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF). This study examined the factor structure of the BRIEF-parent form in 124 ELBW children and of the BRIEF-teacher form in 90 ELBW children. Although our data showed that the fit of a two-factor structure was adequate for the parent report, a three-factor model provided advantages over the two-factor model across all fit indices and best characterized the data. For teacher report, these data supported a three-factor but not a two-factor model. Using the three-factor model for both groups of informants, we compared parent and teacher reports (n = 90 pairs) between the three identified latent variables. Parents reported significantly more difficulty with Emotional Regulation (p < .05), and teachers reported significantly more difficulty with Behavioral Regulation (p < .05). No significant differences were found between parent and teacher reports for Metacognition. PMID:24295445

McCann, James P; Rider, G Nicole; Weiss, Brandi A; Litman, Fern R; Baron, Ida Sue

2014-11-01

84

An Improved "Form of Our Own": A 21st Century Approach to School Librarian Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

School librarians need evaluation forms that fit their unique roles and responsibilities and acknowledge both the similarities and differences between classroom teachers and school librarians. The incorporation of American Association of School Librarians' (AASL's) "Empowering Learners: Guidelines for School Library Programs"--a resource that sets…

Owen, Patricia L.

2011-01-01

85

Implementing the Common Core State Standards: What Is the School Librarian's Role?  

Science.gov (United States)

School librarians will play a crucial role in the support of the implementation of the English Language Arts Common Core State Standards (CCSS). More than ever, to ensure these standards are met, school librarians must work in tandem with classroom teachers. School librarians will be instrumental in providing opportunities for students to access…

Uecker, Ruth; Kelly, Shelly; Napierala, Marni

2014-01-01

86

Parents' and Teachers' Preferred Medium of Instruction in Primary Schools in Enugu, Nigeria  

Science.gov (United States)

This study which investigated parents' and teachers' preferred medium of instruction in primary schools was conducted in Enugu, South East, Nigeria. It employed the descriptive survey research method. 500 respondents were used for the study. 250 teachers were selected through simple random sampling technique. Two researcher-designed questionnaires…

Amadi, Eugenia Ada

2012-01-01

87

Welfare-to-Work Single Mothers' Perspectives on Parent Involvement in Head Start: Implications for Parent-Teacher Collaboration.  

Science.gov (United States)

This interview study assessed the perspectives of low-income single mothers on selecting child care and their parent involvement experiences in Head Start. Findings indicated that collaboration between mothers and Head Start teachers enhanced mothers' self-development and learning with resulting positive effects for children, adult development as…

Bruckman, Marilyn; Blanton, Priscilla W.

2003-01-01

88

Students' Perceptions of Parental and Teacher Academic Involvement: Consequences on Achievement Goals  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examined whether students' perceptions of two major facets of parental and teacher academic involvement (i.e., academic support and academic monitoring), contribute to the process of students' achievement goals adoption. French junior high-school students completed two questionnaires assessing first their perceptions of parental

Regner, Isabelle; Loose, Florence; Dumas, Florence

2009-01-01

89

Parents' and Teachers' Views on Deaf Children's Literacy at Home: Do They Agree?  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper compares the views of parents and teachers of the deaf on deaf children's literacy at home. We made DVD recordings of 12 young deaf children (aged 3-5) sharing books with their parents at home. Six families used British Sign Language (BSL) as their main means of communication and for interacting around books, and six used spoken…

Watson, Linda

2008-01-01

90

Troubled Relationships in Early Childhood Education: Parent-Teacher Interactions in Ethnoculturally Diverse Child Care Settings.  

Science.gov (United States)

Interviews with Canadian day care workers and minority parents showed that the two groups disagreed about why parents are not involved enough; were unaware of their basic differences in ECE goals; and disagreed substantially over what constitutes proper child-rearing methods. Discriminatory incidents were not uncommon at centers, although teachers

Bernhard, Judith K.; Lefebvre, Marie Louise; Kilbride, Kenise Murphy; Chud, Gyda; Lange, Rika

1998-01-01

91

Why Relationships Matter: Parent and Early Childhood Teacher Perspectives about the Provisions Afforded by Young Children's Relationships  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the perspectives of early childhood teachers and parents regarding the importance of provisions afforded by child-teacher and peer relationships in early childhood centres. Participants were 200 parents and 71 teachers of children aged 0-5 years who responded to an online survey containing a series of relationship function…

Degotardi, Sheila; Sweller, Naomi; Pearson, Emma

2013-01-01

92

Exploring Parents’ and Teachers’ Views of Primary Pupils’ Thinking Skills and Problem Solving Skills  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article is based on a descriptive study using survey method and focus group interviews. Thinking skills and problem solving skills are vital for pupils in their daily lives and facing their future challenges. Therefore, parents and teachers play an important role in nurturing these skills among pupils. The objective of the study is to explore parents’ and teachers’ views of pupils’ thinking skills and problem solving skills according to locations of the school (urban and rural. This study also explores parents’ and teachers’ suggestions to enhance pupils’ thinking skills and problem solving skills. The sample consists of 302 parents of the pupils and 104 teachers who are teaching Year 4, Year 5 and Year 6. The quantitative data for the research was collected using questionnaires which were developed by the researchers. Each set of questionnaire consists of 23 items. While the qualitative data was collected through the focus group interview method among parents and teachers to get their suggestions on how to enhance pupils’ thinking skills and problem solving skills. The findings show that the urban parents’ views of children’s thinking skills and problem solving skills is significantly higher than those from the rural. The results also indicate that there is no significant difference between the urban school teachers’ and the rural school teachers’ views of pupils’ thinking skills and problem solving skills. Findings from the focus group interviews show that most parents engage their children in hands on activities at home to enhance their thinking skills and problem solving skills. On the other hand, teachers encourage active participation of pupils in co-curricular activities to enhance pupils’ thinking skills and problem solving skills.

Tang Keow Ngang

2012-02-01

93

Astronomy Librarians - Quo Vadis?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

"You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the lib...

Lagerstrom, Jill; Grothkopf, Uta

2011-01-01

94

"You Cannot Learn This from a Book:" Pre-Service Teachers Developing Empathy towards Parents of Children with Special Educational Needs (SEN) via Parent Stories  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher education for inclusive education is a key priority in the UK and internationally, with much research exploring how pre-service teachers can be prepared to educate pupils with Special Educational Needs (SEN). However, this has resulted in less consideration of how pre-service teachers can be prepared to work with the "parents" of…

Broomhead, Karen E.

2013-01-01

95

Teacher and parent perceptions of behavior problems among a sample of African American, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white students.  

Science.gov (United States)

A multiracial/multiethnic sample of middle school adolescents and their teachers was used to assess whether teacher ratings of student behavior problems varied according to teacher-student racial/ethnic differences and students' perception of teachers' attitudes toward them. No significant mean score differences were found for Hispanic or non-Hispanic white students according to the race/ethnicity of the teachers doing the ratings. However, African American students rated by Hispanic and non-Hispanic white teachers had significantly higher mean total behavior problem scores than African American students rated by African American teachers. Teacher ratings were also compared to those made by parents. The percentage of students rated as cases by teachers but not by parents differed significantly by race/ethnicity of student. Other findings indicated highly significant relationships between student-perceived teacher disparagement and the assignment of high behavior problem scores to students by teachers. PMID:7572829

Zimmerman, R S; Khoury, E L; Vega, W A; Gil, A G; Warheit, G J

1995-04-01

96

Using Theoretical Models to Examine the Acceptance Behavior of Mobile Phone Messaging to Enhance Parent-Teacher Interactions  

Science.gov (United States)

Student academic performance and social competence are influenced positively by parent involvement; effective parent-teacher communication not builds parent reliance on a school, it enhances parent knowledge of raising children. As information technology develops rapidly, it is already a trend that e-communication is replacing traditional paper…

Ho, Li-Hsing; Hung, Chang-Liang; Chen, Hui-Chun

2013-01-01

97

Books and the Teen-age Reader: A Guide for Teachers, Librarians and Parents. Revised and Updated.  

Science.gov (United States)

The current changing preferences of teen-agers, changes which result from social forces, are presented. An attempt is also made to orient adults to a better understanding of the concerns of young people. The point is made that these concerns can, with skillful guidance, lead the young to a lifetime habit of reading and finding out for themselves…

Carlsen, G. Robert

98

Solo Librarians Working Collaboratively  

Science.gov (United States)

The Elko County School District in Nevada has elementary school librarians that are "solo" librarians. Over the last several years they have worked to collaborate on meeting monthly--even though the district covers 17,100 square miles--and on providing professional development face to face and online. Sharing and collaboration help them to problem…

Nickel, Robbie

2011-01-01

99

Brazilian librarians and Twitter  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Brazil leads the world in social networks. This essay focuses on the results of a two-year experience of Brazilian librarians using Twitter in their work field. Two types of presence on Twitter are identified. A new approach is proposed to answers the critical questions librarians are facing regarding service provision based on Twitter.

Barros, Moreno

2011-01-01

100

The Librarian as Educator.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the current focus on the librarian's role as educator as the result of the report, "A Nation at Risk," by National Commission on Excellence. Publications identifying responsibilities of academic, public, corporate, and technical librarians are examined noting library role in creation of learning society and views on librarianship. (22…

Chisholm, Margaret

1985-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

The Secret Reasons Why Teachers Are Not Using Web 2.0 Tools and What School Librarians Can Do about It  

Science.gov (United States)

School librarians need a simple action plan for overcoming the barriers to adopting School Library 2.0. This book provides one, and describes how fully integrating technology would dramatically benefit 21st-century schools. Despite the substantial efforts that have been made to bring schools into the 21st century, research indicates that the…

Creighton, Peggy Milam

2012-01-01

102

Astronomy Librarians - Quo Vadis?  

CERN Document Server

"You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the librarian's universe, illustrating how librarians use new technologies to perform such tasks as bibliometrics, how we are re-fashioning our library spaces in an increasingly digital world and how we are confronting the brave new world of open access, to name but a few topics.

Lagerstrom, Jill

2011-01-01

103

Astronomy Librarian - Quo Vadis?  

Science.gov (United States)

"You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of some of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the librarian's universe, illustrating how librarians use new technologies to perform such tasks as bibliometrics, how we are re-fashioning our library spaces in an increasingly digital world and how we are confronting the brave new world of Open Access, to name but a few topics.

Lagerstrom, Jill; Grothkopf, Uta

104

Analysis of Parents, Teachers and Students’ Perception of Teaching Profession in South-West Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated the perception of the teaching profession among the parents, teachers and secondary school students in Southwestern Nigeria. Four null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level. Three potent instruments: Teacher perception of Teaching Profession Questionnaire (TPTPQ, Parent Perception of Teaching Profession Questionnaire (PPTPQ and Students Perceptions of Teaching Profession (SPTPQ, were validated by the Department of teacher Education for content and construct validity. The test retest reliability coefficient yielded the reliability indices of 0.85, 0.81 and 0.79 respectively. The instruments were administered on 170 sample size: (50 parents, (60 teachers and (60 students. Inferential statistics of t-test and Analysis of Variance at 0.05 level of significance were used to test the hypotheses. The result revealed that there is significant differences in the way the participants perceive teaching profession (N=60 X=2.047, SD=1.137, (N=60 X=1.943, SD=1.007 and parents (N=50, X=1.698, SD = 0.661. It is recommended among other things that government should take the training and retraining of teachers more seriously.

Lawal B. O.

2011-12-01

105

Preschoolers, parents, and teachers (PPT): a preventive intervention with an at risk population.  

Science.gov (United States)

The importance of early intervention with children who are at risk for mental health problems is widely recognized. Relationships with significant adults (parents, other caregivers, and teachers) are critically important in young children's lives and can make a tremendous difference in the trajectory of a child's future. This study utilized a waiting-control group design to examine the effects on student behavior and parent stress of play-based interventions designed to improve the relationships between parents and their children (i.e., Filial Therapy), and teachers and their students (i.e., Kinder Training). To incorporate the benefits of group work, the eight-week intervention was delivered to parents in a small-group format. Teachers participated in a one-day group training with weekly coaching and dyadic consultation for on-going support. Results at post-intervention indicated that teachers perceived children in the intervention group to exhibit significantly less problem behavior than students in the waiting-control group. Although results suggest that the intervention had no demonstrable effect on parent stress, qualitative results indicate otherwise. Implications for practice and research are discussed. PMID:19441968

Draper, Kay; Siegel, Christine; White, Joanna; Solis, Caroline M; Mishna, Faye

2009-04-01

106

Should There Be Separate Parent and Teacher-Based Categories of ODD? Evidence from a General Population  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: To examine the occurrence of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms in a general population of boys and girls, as reported by parents and teachers, and to investigate differences in prevalence estimates, depending on how parents' and teachers' ratings were combined. Method: Data were collected from 7007 children (aged 7-9) who…

Munkvold, Linda; Lundervold, Astri; Lie, Stein Atle; Manger, Terje

2009-01-01

107

Parent and Teacher Perceptions of the Impact of School Nurse Interventions on Children's Self-Management of Diabetes  

Science.gov (United States)

Diabetes is a common chronic illness among school-age children. The school nurse collaborates with the student, parents, and teachers to help the child manage their diabetes effectively. Very little is known about the relationship between school nurse interventions and parent/teacher perceptions of the child's self-management. We examined this…

Peery, Annette I.; Engelke, Martha Keehner; Swanson, Melvin S.

2012-01-01

108

Math Achievement in Early Adolescence: The Role of Parental Involvement, Teachers' Behavior, and Students' Motivational Beliefs about Math  

Science.gov (United States)

Contributions of parental involvement in educational pursuits as well as math teachers' classroom behavior to students' motivation and performance in math were investigated. By the end of the first school term, 365 Slovene eighth graders reported on their parents' academic involvement (pressure, support, and help) and their math teachers' behavior…

Levpuscek, Melita Puklek; Zupancic, Maja

2009-01-01

109

Unvarnished Documentation: A Dialogue between Teacher and Parent in Understanding a Child's "Bad" Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers are often asked to fill out progress reports that include check marks indicating if a child has met certain criteria. While this document offers a superficial glance at knowing a child, it is often the only kind of "assessment" a parent receives. The authors, a daycare teacher and a parent of Rosa, "the mean girl" in…

Laughlin, Liana; Turner, Terri

2014-01-01

110

Perspectives of Teachers and Parents of Chinese American Students with Disabilities about Their Home-School Communication  

Science.gov (United States)

This exploratory qualitative study aimed to examine the perspectives of teachers and parents of Chinese American students with disabilities regarding home-school communication in the special education field. The author recruited 2 parents and 2 teachers for this study. Different sources of data including observations, interviews, documentations,…

Chu, Szu-Yin

2014-01-01

111

Contested Territory: Parents and Teachers Wrestle for Power in an Urban Neighborhood School Located within a Gentrifying Community  

Science.gov (United States)

This case exemplifies the frequent need for principals to negotiate the conflicting demands of parents and teachers. Parents are advocating increased participation in school decision making while teachers are demanding a more secure and isolated environment. Issues of class and race complicate this challenge for many urban administrators.…

Mayrowetz, David; Price, John

2005-01-01

112

Psychometric Evaluation of a Brief Parent- and Teacher-Rated Screen for Children at Risk of Conduct Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the psychometric properties of the Conduct Problems Risk Screen (CPRS), a seven-item screen derived from DSM-IV-TR criteria that can be completed by parents or teachers. The sample consisted of 4,752 Australian five- to nine-year-old primary school children. The results showed the parent and teacher screens had very good…

Duncombe, Melissa E.; Havighurst, Sophie S.; Holland, Kerry A.; Frankling, Emma J.

2012-01-01

113

Our Librarian Bodies. Our Librarian Selves.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Librarians are great at taking care of their patrons. We will conduct searches for our patrons and provide them with the resources they need, we contribute to the public good and offer ongoing educational opportunities, and we provide community space in the name of discourse and community building. We also testify in and lobby Congress [...

Emily Ford

2008-12-01

114

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms reporting in Malaysian adolescents: do adolescents, parents and teachers agree with each other?  

Science.gov (United States)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a clinical diagnosis relying on persistence of symptoms across different settings. Information are gathered from different informants including adolescents, parents and teachers. In this cross-sectional study involving 410 twelve-year old adolescents, 37 teachers and 367 parents from seven schools in the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur, reliability of ADHD symptoms among the various informants were reported. ADHD symptoms (i.e. predominantly hyperactive, predominantly inattentive and combined symptoms) were assessed by adolescents, teachers and parents, using Conners-Wells' Adolescent Self-report Scale (CASS), Conner's Teachers Rating Scale (CTRS) and Conner's Parents Rating Scale (CPRS) respectively. For predominantly hyperactive symptoms, there were statistically significant, weak positive correlations between parents and teachers reporting (r=0.241, pdisagreement in reporting and better utilize the information. PMID:24309858

Wan Salwina, Wan Ismail; Baharudin, Azlin; Nik Ruzyanei, Nik Jaafar; Midin, Marhani; Rahman, Fairuz Nazri Abdul

2013-12-01

115

Middle Schoolers and Magazines: What Teachers Can Learn from Students' Leisure Reading Habits  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers, parents, and librarians are constantly looking for methods and materials that engage students as readers and motivate them to increase the time they spend reading. In this article we describe findings from a study of middle schoolers' magazine reading habits that gave us a close look at the power of magazines as supplemental supports for…

Gabriel, Rachael; Allington, Richard; Billen, Monica

2012-01-01

116

Hello Parents, Where Are You? A Teachers' Call for Involvement.  

Science.gov (United States)

For many years, efforts to improve public schools centered on increased funding, teacher training, tougher curriculum (fewer electives, more math and science), and stiffer graduation requirements. But, from all of these attempts at reform, a basic concept became clear to the nation's educators: major reform of the public schools will not occur…

Lauderdale, Katherine Lynn, Ed.; Bonilla, Carlos A.

117

Parents, Teachers and Day Care Children: Patterns of Interconnection.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studied the interactions between four key individuals in the child care system: the father, mother, day care center teacher, and child. Naturalistic observations of 18 three-year-old children and their caretakers were conducted in homes or day care centers. Findings offered evidence of behavioral interconnectedness within all but the…

Ispa, Jean M.; And Others

1988-01-01

118

Internet Library For Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

The Internet Library For Librarians is a portal designed with librarians in mind. Common reference materials, librarianship, and accessories organize the site hierarchically. Under each of these levels exist more levels that further narrow down the visitor�s specific focus. Furthermore, the portal forms a community that offers features such as 'add or recommend a site' to further expand the portal's collection. This site is a valuable resource for those who are just entering the field or seasoned professional librarians.

Sha, Vianne T.

2007-02-11

119

The Actions of Teacher-Librarians Minimize or Reinforce Barriers to Adolescent Information Seeking. A Review of: Meyers, Eric M., Lisa P. Nathan, and Matthew L. Saxton. “Barriers to Information Seeking in School Libraries: Conflicts in Perceptions and Practice.” Information Research 12:2 (2007: paper 295.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To study high school teacher-librarians and whether their actions and reactions are aligned with their perception of the role they play in creating an information seeking and learning environment.Design – Triangulation qualitative research undertaken over a 16 month period (Fall 2005 – 2007.Setting – Six high school libraries in the Puget Sound region of the state of Washington, United States.Subjects – Six teacher-librarians, each with a minimum of ten years experience and classroom teachers and students. This sample represented the range of school sizes, the rural, urban, and suburban mix, and the range of significant socioeconomic conditions (qualification for subsidized lunch and English as an additional language in the region.Methods – Four interviews of one to two hours were held with each teacher-librarian during school hours. Initial interviews were recorded by hand and a set question protocol was used (and included in the appendix. Questions were asked about their professional background and training; their job duties, day to day activities and priorities; their perceptions as to how others (e.g., peers and administrators support the library; the goals of their library’s services; how students use the library; and their critical assessment of their role. Subsequent interviews were undertaken within two days of a classroom visit to the library and also followed a set protocol of questions (Appendix D. The second set of interviews was audio recorded and transcribed. Two classroom teachers from each school were interviewed for 30 minutes and audio recorded using a set interview protocol (Appendix C within two days of class participation in library instruction. Library observations ranging from two to three hours each occurred during a minimum of seven randomized times at each library. These observation sessions typically included class instructional sessions of thirty to ninety minutes. The observation protocols are described in an appendix to the study. Consistent note-taking, varying of observation times and days of week, use of triangulated methods, comparison of emergent themes with other studies, audio-taping interviews, inter-coder checks, analyzing data for observer effect, and a number of other approaches ensured validity. Kuhlthau’s theory of intermediation and Zone of Intervention was used as a theoretical framework to categorize the teacher-librarians’ perceptions of their roles and their observed activities. Harris and Dewdney’s principles of information seeking behaviour were used as an analytic framework to study the difference between the teacher-librarians’ perceptions of their roles and their observed practices. These five roles are organizer of information; expert in locating material; identifier and instructor of general sources; advisor of search strategy; and mediator in the process of constructing meaning (Kuhlthau.Main Results – The findings were framed in the six principles of information seeking (Harris & Dewdney and were presented through use of narrative captured in both the observations and interviews.Principle 1: Information needs arise from the help-seeker’s situation.The high school students in the library to complete assignments about which the teacher-librarians were not apprised; therefore the teacher-librarians were unable to assist the students in meeting information needs.Principle 2: The decision to seek help or not seek help is affected by many factors.Principle 3: People tend to seek information that is most accessible.Issues of control were the greatest barrier to students’ successful information seeking behaviour. In the environments observed, the greatest balance of power was within the control of the teachers, including when and if the students would have access to the library, and whether the teacher-librarian would be informed of the assignment. Within the library facility, the teacher-librarians demonstrated a high need for control and power over the students’ activities and behaviour, and the students thems

Julie McKenna

2009-06-01

120

Community Capacity-Building in Schools: Parents' and Teachers' Reflections from an Eating Disorder Prevention Program  

Science.gov (United States)

A pilot research study to examine the effect of a wellness-based intervention on improving students' body image, personal attitudes, and eating behaviors highlighted the importance of a healthy school environment. Parent and teacher focus groups were conducted to explore the perceived influences of wellness-based interventions designed for…

Russell-Mayhew, Shelly; Arthur, Nancy; Ewashen, Carol

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Death Education: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Perspectives of Irish Parents and Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveyed the knowledge, attitudes, and perspectives of 119 Irish parents and 142 primary school teachers concerning children's grief and the concept of death education. Found high levels of understanding of the nature of children's grief, strong support for discussing death with children before they encounter it, and general support for inclusion…

McGovern, Marguerita; Barry, Margaret M.

2000-01-01

122

The Beliefs of Students, Parents and Teachers about Internal Factors of Academic Achievement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper was to determine the beliefs of students, teachers and parents about the internal factors of academic achievement and to verify whether their beliefs vary. In this paper the beliefs about the internal factors of academic achievement: personality traits, intellectual ability, language competence, interest in the subject and locus of control are thematised. The sample included 516 students from grades 5, 7 and 9 of 12 different basic schools in central Slovenia, 408 of their parents and 195 teachers. Amongst the broad range of personality traits in the survey questionnaire, parents selected openness and conscientiousness as the most important traits for academic success, while students selected openness and extroversion, and teachers selected agreeableness and emotional stability. In the opinion of the participants in the research, amongst other internal factors of academic success emphasised, those that have the greatest influence on academic achievement are interest in the subject and internal locus of control, while students’ intellectual ability and language competence are attributed slightly less importance. Beliefs regarding the individual factors of academic achievement vary between the groups of participants. In the future, it would be sensible to encourage students, teachers and parents to reflect on the meaning of the individual factors of academic achievement, and especially to speak with them about the factors on which each respective group can exert an influence in order to improve students’ academic achievement.

Helena Smrtnik Vituli?

2014-03-01

123

Team Sports, Gymnastics, and Dance in Community Settings. A Guide for Teachers, Coaches, and Parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

This book is designed to enhance understanding of what is important for parents, coaches, and teachers to know when making choices about non-school-based programs for children. The book begins with "Preface" (Patricia A. Sullivan" and "Introduction" (Liane M. Summerfield.) The first section, "Team Sports" (Danny R. Mielke), which applies to a…

Sullivan, Patricia A., Ed.

124

Differences in Parents' and Teachers' Ratings of ADHD Symptoms and Other Mental Health Problems  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background and objectives: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD symptoms and other mental health problems appear early in life and proper treatment is essential for a positive long-term outcome. The present study examines the level of agreement, and potential gender differences, between parents' and teachers' reports of ADHD symptoms and other mental health problems in 305 Greek children aged between 6-9 years. Methods: Parents and teachers of 147 boys and 158 girls attending the first three grades of 10 primary schools in the wider area of Northern Greece completed the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ- Goodman, 1997 and the Child Attention Profile (CAP- Barkley, 1990. Results: The level of agreement between parents' and teachers' reports was low to moderate for the SDQ (0.16-0.34 and satisfactory for the CAP (0.60-0.66. Parents reported more hyperactivity, emotional, and conduct problems than teachers according to SDQ and more overactivity and attention-deficit with hyperactivity according to CAP. Gender differences in ratings were found as well, since boys were reported as being more hyperactive according to SDQ and as having more overactivity and attention-deficit with hyperactivity according to CAP than girls. Conclusions: Findings are discussed in terms of the importance of using multiple informants to gather data on disruptive behaviour through rating scales.

Vaya Papageorgiou

2008-12-01

125

The Strong-Willed Child: A Huge Challenge for Parents and Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

People are born with certain temperament traits. Some children are easy going and easy to get along with. Some are not. This article describes the temperament traits of the strong-willed child. The strong-willed is viewed as stubborn to parents and teachers. The child's goal is to always be in control of his own behaviors, regardless of the needs…

Costley, Kevin C.

2013-01-01

126

Differential Trust between Parents and Teachers of Children from Low-Income and Immigrant Backgrounds  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to investigate the trust relationship between parents and teachers in first grade. Additional research questions were whether trust was related to ethnicity and reading performance. The five facets of trust; benevolence, reliability, competence, honesty and openness, were measured on a 4-point Likert scale. Reading…

Janssen, Marije; Bakker, Joep T. A.; Bosman, Anna M. T.; Rosenberg, Kirsten; Leseman, Paul P. M.

2012-01-01

127

Parent Involvement as a Predictor of Teacher-Child Relationship Quality in Third Grade  

Science.gov (United States)

Research Findings: Research on teacher-child relationships is important, as the quality of this relationship is linked to numerous child outcomes in the areas of academic and social functioning. In addition, parent involvement has been identified as a significant factor in the successful development of a child. This study attempted to join these…

Wyrick, Amanda J.; Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz

2009-01-01

128

Parents and Teachers' Perceptions of Mother-Tongue Medium of Instruction Policy in Nigerian Primary Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

Many inadequacies of Nigeria's schools derived from their religious and colonial past. One in particular is studied in this paper, namely opposition to the use of the mother tongue as the medium of instruction. Questionnaires on the subject were administered to samples of 1000 primary school teachers and 1500 parents of primary school children.…

Iyamu, Ede O. S.; Ogiegbaen, Sam E. Aduwa

2007-01-01

129

Malicious Use of Technology: What Schools, Parents, and Teachers Can Do to Prevent Cyberbullying  

Science.gov (United States)

In today's hyper-connected world, children's exposure to technology as a tool to communicate, learn, and socialize has increased exponentially. As teachers and parents recognize the demands for increased use of technology among young children, they should be able to identify and address the challenges associated with such exposure. Cyberbullying,…

Morgan, Hani

2013-01-01

130

The New Dropout Challenge: Bridging Gaps among Students, Parents, and Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Interview and survey data reveal significant disconnects among the insights and perspectives of dropouts, parents, teachers, and administrators on the causes and solutions to the dropout challenge. Many educators, for example, do not see boredom as a factor for most dropouts, while young people who drop out see it as the central cause. The author…

Bridgeland, John M.

2010-01-01

131

Youth at Risk: A Resource for Counselors, Teachers and Parents. Part 2. Examining the Causes.  

Science.gov (United States)

This document consists of Part 2 of a book of readings on at-risk youth designed to provide information and strategies for counselors, teachers, parents, administrators, social workers, and others who work with youth at risk. Part 2 contains five readings on causal factors related to at-risk behaviors. "The Harmful Effects of Dysfunctional Family…

Palmo, Artis J.; And Others

132

Peer victimization as reported by children, teachers, and parents in relation to children's health symptoms  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Victims of bullying in school may experience health problems later in life. We have assessed the prevalence of children's health symptoms according to whether peer victimization was reported by the children, by their teachers, or by their parents. Methods In a cross-sectional study of 419 children in grades 1-10 the frequency of peer victimization was reported by children, teachers and parents. Emotional and somatic symptoms (sadness, anxiety, stomach ache, and headache were reported by the children. Frequencies of victimization reported by different informants were compared by the marginal homogeneity test for paired ordinal data, concordance between informants by cross-tables and Spearman's rho, and associations of victimization with health symptoms were estimated by logistic regression. Results The concordance of peer victimization reported by children, teachers, and parents varied from complete agreement to complete discordance also for the highest frequency (weekly/daily of victimization. Children's self-reported frequency of victimization was strongly and positively associated with their reports of emotional and somatic symptoms. Frequency of victimization reported by teachers or parents showed similar but weaker associations with the children's health symptoms. Conclusion The agreement between children and significant adults in reporting peer victimization was low to moderate, and the associations of reported victimization with the children's self-reported health symptoms varied substantially between informants. It may be useful to assess prospectively the effects of employing different sources of information related to peer victimization.

Mæhle Magne

2011-05-01

133

John Tracy Clinic Correspondence Learning Program for Parents of Preschool Deaf-Blind Children. Teacher's Guide.  

Science.gov (United States)

The teacher's guide outlines lessons from a correspondence learning program for parents of preschool deaf blind children. Learning steps and objectives are listed for eight areas covered by the program: communication, gross motor development, fine motor development, eating, sleeping, toilet training, dressing/undressing, and personal hygiene.…

Thielman, Virginia B.; And Others

134

Pathways of influence in school-based mentoring: the mediating role of parent and teacher relationships.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the pathways through which school-based mentoring relationships are associated with improvements in elementary and high school students' socio-emotional, academic, and behavioral outcomes. Participants in the study (N=526) were part of a national evaluation of the Big Brothers Big Sisters school-based mentoring programs, all of whom had been randomly assigned to receive mentoring at their schools over the course of one academic year. Students were assessed at the beginning and end of the school year. The results of structural equation modeling showed that mentoring relationship quality, as measured by the Youth-Centered Relationship scale and the Youth's Emotional Engagement scale, was significantly associated with positive changes in youths' relationships with parents and teachers, as measured by subscales of the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment, the Teacher Relationship Quality scale, and the Hemingway Measure of Adolescent Connectedness. Higher quality relationships with parents and teachers, in turn, were significantly associated with better youth outcomes, including self-esteem, academic attitudes, prosocial behaviors, and misconduct. The effect sizes of the associations ranged from 0.12 to 0.52. Mediation analysis found that mentoring relationship quality was indirectly associated with some of the outcomes through its association with improved parent and teacher relationships. Implications of the findings for theory and research are discussed. PMID:23375177

Chan, Christian S; Rhodes, Jean E; Howard, Waylon J; Lowe, Sarah R; Schwartz, Sarah E O; Herrera, Carla

2013-02-01

135

South Asian Parents' Aspirations versus Teachers' Expectations in the United Kingdom  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explores teacher expectations of second-generation UK South Asian students (of Bangladeshi and Pakistani heritage) and their views of the parents as lacking high aspirations for their children. A range of misguided perceptions and stereotypical views are discussed and challenged. The author argues that these views are largely based on…

Crozier, Gill

2009-01-01

136

Training Head Start Teachers in Behavior Management Using Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: A Preliminary Investigation  

Science.gov (United States)

The current project evaluated the use of behavior management techniques utilized in Parent- Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) in head start classrooms. The sample included seven Head Start classrooms; four classrooms receiving treatment and three classrooms receiving no treatment. Evaluation of the progress included observation of teacher and…

Tiano, Jennifer D.; McNeil, Cheryl B.

2006-01-01

137

Violence on Television: How Teachers Can Help Parents Affect Positive Change. Nutrition, Health and Safety.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports that exposure to televised violence results in increased aggressive attitudes and behaviors, desensitization toward real violence, and unrealistic fears of victimization. Maintains that teachers can effect change by being knowledgeable about the impact of television, communicating to parents ways in which negative effects can be reduced,…

McVey, Mary D.

1999-01-01

138

Preventing Hazing: How Parents, Teachers, and Coaches Can Stop the Violence, Harassment, and Humiliation  

Science.gov (United States)

Written with clarity and passion, "Preventing Hazing" uncovers the deep roots of hazing, how and why it permeates schools, colleges, and communities, and what parents, teachers, and coaches can do to prevent it. The author shows how to recognize the warning signs, what to do if a student has been involved in a hazing (either as a victim,…

Lipkins, Susan

2006-01-01

139

Hong Kong Teacher Education Students' Goal Orientations and Their Relationship to Perceived Parenting Styles  

Science.gov (United States)

The study examined goal orientations, perceived parenting styles, and their relationships in a sample of Hong Kong teacher education students. It was found that students adopted both learning and performance goals but tended to be more performance goal-oriented. Females were more performance goal-oriented than males. As well, students perceived…

Chan, Kwok-Wai; Chan, Siu-Mui

2007-01-01

140

Where All Are Winners: A Mathematics Olympics for Parents, Students, and Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents the benefits of staging a mathematics Olympics involving parents as well as the students and teachers. Benefits include promoting a positive attitude toward the school and fostering mutual trust between homes and schools. Describes such activities as battleship, tangram exercises, juggle, fraction blackjack, Kalah, and a wheel of numbers,…

Koes, Mary T.; Saab, Joy Faini

1996-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Parents, Teachers, and Students--Interactive Whole Language.  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on the idea that questioning designed to elicit and practice different language structures can promote language development, 10 questioning techniques are presented. They are designed to be used in the context of the whole language approach to instruction, to promote both language and thinking skills. The techniques are to be used as parents

Ramirez, Maria G.; Mellor, Elva R.

142

"The lunatics have taken over the asylum": A phenomenological perspective on parent-teacher relationships  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Contextualisation My research explores the relationships between the parent/carers of children with special educational needs and their teachers. The section of analysis detailed in this paper draws upon the interviews given by the mother as parent (P and class teacher (T of an 11 year old boy described as having ‘emotional and behavioural difficulties’. Using a phenomenological perspective, microsystems and/or environments are described in terms of how they are perceived or experienced by the participants. The analysis is viewed through two lenses: the sociocultural view of development proposed by Bronfennbrenner’s Ecology of Human Development (1979, in which an ecological approach is taken to the analysis of human relationships, and Wenger’s work on Communities of Practice (1998 which presents a theory of learning as a process of social participation. Abstract: Parent-teacher relationships operate at different points along a continuum of engagement involving two or more participants engaged in common, complementary or independent undertakings. My research has a particular focus upon the (often problematic relationships between the parent/carers of children with special educational needs and their teachers. In this paper, the theories of both Wenger and Bronfenbrenner are discussed and utilised to reflect individuals existing within layers of relationships and influences. The paper highlights the way in which a parent, teacher and child, concurrently involved in more than one community or microsystem at work and at home, are subject to the influence of different ecosystems. The analysis of dyadic interviews is used to demonstrate that both context and setting can be instrumental in explicating parent-teacher relationships. The final section of the paper demonstrates that a workable definition of ‘what matters and what doesn’t matter’ cannot be presumed to be shared by parents and teachers. Negotiation of meaning is an integral part of the informal ‘communities of practice’ formed when people pursue a shared enterprise over time. ‘Communities of practice’, in Wenger’s terms, or ‘joint activity dyads’, in Bronfenbrenner’s terms, are emergent structures resulting from collective learning with both developmental and transformative potential for all involved in the education of children.

Jackie Laluvein

2006-05-01

143

Mexican parents' and teachers' literacy perspectives and practices: construction of cultural capital.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the relationships among the literacy practices engaged in by first-grade children and parents at home and the ways in which these practices are communicated, shaped, and fostered by teachers and administrators in two different sociocultural environments in urban Mexico. The differences observed between the home literacy experiences of children in a working class and a middle class community included transgenerational communication of assumptions regarding literacy and schooling, as well as attitudes associated with the parents' own school experiences. Class-based expectations on the part of teachers not only shaped interactions with parents, but were also reflected in the way the national curriculum was delivered, with a greater emphasis on rote skills and traditional reading instruction in the working class community. The authors argue that the school plays a role in the co-production of cultural capital in the home through its shaping of some of the literacy practices that children and families undertake. PMID:23288984

Reese, Leslie; Arauz, Rebeca Mejía; Bazán, Antonio Ray

2012-01-01

144

Preparing Teachers to Train Parents to Use Evidence-Based Strategies for Oral Reading Fluency with Their Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Although there is promising evidence for parent-tutoring strategies for improving oral reading fluency, such parent tutoring programs are not widely used in schools. This study examined the effectiveness of providing parent training in school settings using teachers as trainers. An evidence-based reading package including listening passage…

Kupzyk, Sara; Daly, Edward J., III; Andersen, Melissa N.

2012-01-01

145

The Role of Parenting Stress in Discrepancies between Parent and Teacher Ratings of Behavior Problems in Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder  

Science.gov (United States)

The study assessed whether teacher and parent ratings of child behavior problems were similar for children with autism spectrum disorders. Two informants rated child behaviors in the same home environment, and the degree to which parenting stress impacted the similarity of the ratings was assessed. Overall behavior problem ratings did not differ…

Reed, Phil; Osborne, Lisa A.

2013-01-01

146

Assessing the impact of parent and teacher agreement on diagnosing attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examines the impact of interrater reliability on the diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A screening of 6171 elementary school children identified 1573 children with a high risk for ADHD according to teacher rating. Follow-up parent interviews and information from teachers were collected on 243 children. Before screening, health care professionals had diagnosed ADHD in 40% of the identified children. There was low agreement between the parent and teacher reports of ADHD symptoms according to DSM-IV-based questionnaires: Inattentive (r =.34, kappa = 0.27), Hyperactive/Impulsive (r =.27, kappa = 0.22), and Performance Impairment (r =.31, kappa = 0.07). When the two-setting requirement was strictly enforced, poor interrater agreement decreased diagnostic rates for all three types of ADHD in this clinical sample: Inattentive (15%-5%), Hyperactive/Impulsive (11%-3%), and Combined (23%-7%). Parent and teacher agreement was low concerning ADHD symptoms and performance. The recommendation of multiple informants significantly decreased the prevalence. Allowing for observer disagreement by using more lenient core symptom scores could reduce the effect. PMID:14767355

Wolraich, Mark L; Lambert, E Warren; Bickman, Leonard; Simmons, Tonya; Doffing, Melissa A; Worley, Kim A

2004-02-01

147

The structure and use of the teacher and parent Maltese Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire  

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Full Text Available The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ (Goodman, 1997 is one of the most commonly used measures of mental health in children and young people and has been translated into more than forty languages. This paper discusses the translation of the SDQ in Maltese and explores the structure and use of the teacher and parent Maltese translations. 4797 school teachers and 2865 parents completed the Maltese teacher and parent SDQ respectively. The results indicate that the Maltese SDQ, particularly the teacher version, meets the basic psychometric properties which make it a useful index of social, emotional and behaviour difficulties and prosocial behaviour amongst Maltese children and young people. Exploratory factor analysis suggests that the Maltese version clearly discriminates between difficulty and prosocial behaviour, and that it may be closer in fit to a three factor model, namely internalized difficulties, externalized difficulties and prosocial behaviour. While there are a number of variations, which may be explained by the local educational and socio-cultural context, Maltese mean scores are quite comparable with international SDQ norms. In view of a number of limitations, however, the use of the Maltese SDQ needs to be used with caution and further research into its psychometric properties is suggested.

Carmel Cefai

2011-04-01

148

Differences in Parents' and Teachers' Ratings of ADHD Symptoms and Other Mental Health Problems  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Background and objectives: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms and other mental health problems appear early in life and proper treatment is essential for a positive long-term outcome. The present study examines the level of agreement, and potential gender differences, between p [...] arents' and teachers' reports of ADHD symptoms and other mental health problems in 305 Greek children aged between 6-9 years. Methods: Parents and teachers of 147 boys and 158 girls attending the first three grades of 10 primary schools in the wider area of Northern Greece completed the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ- Goodman, 1997) and the Child Attention Profile (CAP- Barkley, 1990). Results: The level of agreement between parents' and teachers' reports was low to moderate for the SDQ (0.16-0.34) and satisfactory for the CAP (0.60-0.66). Parents reported more hyperactivity, emotional, and conduct problems than teachers according to SDQ and more overactivity and attention-deficit with hyperactivity according to CAP. Gender differences in ratings were found as well, since boys were reported as being more hyperactive according to SDQ and as having more overactivity and attention-deficit with hyperactivity according to CAP than girls. Conclusions: Findings are discussed in terms of the importance of using multiple informants to gather data on disruptive behaviour through rating scales.

Vaya, Papageorgiou; Efrosini, Kalyva; Vaios, Dafoulis; Panos, Vostanis.

149

Differences in Parents' and Teachers' Ratings of ADHD Symptoms and Other Mental Health Problems  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Background and objectives: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms and other mental health problems appear early in life and proper treatment is essential for a positive long-term outcome. The present study examines the level of agreement, and potential gender differences, between p [...] arents' and teachers' reports of ADHD symptoms and other mental health problems in 305 Greek children aged between 6-9 years. Methods: Parents and teachers of 147 boys and 158 girls attending the first three grades of 10 primary schools in the wider area of Northern Greece completed the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ- Goodman, 1997) and the Child Attention Profile (CAP- Barkley, 1990). Results: The level of agreement between parents' and teachers' reports was low to moderate for the SDQ (0.16-0.34) and satisfactory for the CAP (0.60-0.66). Parents reported more hyperactivity, emotional, and conduct problems than teachers according to SDQ and more overactivity and attention-deficit with hyperactivity according to CAP. Gender differences in ratings were found as well, since boys were reported as being more hyperactive according to SDQ and as having more overactivity and attention-deficit with hyperactivity according to CAP than girls. Conclusions: Findings are discussed in terms of the importance of using multiple informants to gather data on disruptive behaviour through rating scales.

Vaya, Papageorgiou; Efrosini, Kalyva; Vaios, Dafoulis; Panos, Vostanis.

2008-12-01

150

The Ordinary and the Fabulous: An Introduction to Myths, Legends, and Fairy Tales for Teachers and Storytellers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Written for teachers, librarians, students, parents, and other storytellers, this book emphasizes the value and enchantment which children can find in the fabulous stories of four main European traditions--Greek myths and legends, Northern myths and legends, Arthurian Romances, and fairy tales. The four chapters contain (1) discussions of myths,…

Cook, Elizabeth

151

Librarian as Professor of Social Media Literacy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many high school teachers are prohibited from interacting with students in social media sites despite the fact that the majority of teenagers actively use them. The first opportunity most students have to interact with instructors in an online environment is in higher education. University and college librarians can take the lead in providing social media literacy instruction by developing courses and workshops using the Information Literacy Competency Standards developed by ACRL. This articl...

Bridges, Laurie M.

2012-01-01

152

Parent Involvement: Perceived Encouragement and Barriers to African Refugee Parent and Teacher Relationships  

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Children coming from refugee families have special psychological, social, and academic needs, and their success greatly depends on the positive support they receive from the host community. Teachers and peers at the school can provide cumulative support to help these children and their families overcome major socio-cultural and educational…

Tadesse, Selamawit

2014-01-01

153

Detection of high ability children by teachers and parents: Psychometric quality of new rating checklists for the assessment of intellectual, creative and social ability  

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Full Text Available In the present study we devised scales for teachers’ and parents’ estimation of intellectual, creative and social abilities of fourth grade elementary school pupils. Their scores were related to psychometrically determined ability scores. Ninety-three school pupils in the age range between 9.3 and 11.2 years, as well as their parents and teachers took part. The new rating checklists proved as sufficiently reliable (particularly the teachers’ version. Analyses of validity showed a high correspondence in parents’ and teachers’ estimations of cognitive intelligence, but much lower correspondence for creativity and social ability. Correlating teachers’ and parents’ estimates with the respective psychometric tests shows that teachers and parents were better at identifying intellectual (highability than detecting creative and social abilities. With the exception of social (highability, where girls were usually regarded as highly socially gifted by their parents, there were no differences in parents’ and teachers’ estimations of boys and girls.

ULRIKE SOMMER

2008-06-01

154

Parents, Teachers and Community Relations in Promoting Learning in the Secondary School System in Nigeria  

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Full Text Available Schooling, a relatively recent invention which emerged as society became more complex, has become the major agent of education worldwide. Being that schools do not exist in a vacuum, they alone cannot successfully perform this function. Because schools emanate from communities, the latter must exercise ownership by being both the determiners and determinants of education. This paper therefore presents how a relationship can be formed among the principal stakeholders – parents, teachers and community to foster quality in education, a situation in which the student is the immediate beneficiary and the society the ultimate beneficiary. If teacher/school treats parent/community as powerless or unimportant, the latter will be discouraged from taking interest in school thus promoting the development of attitudes which inhibit achievement among students. Conversely schools that synergistically work with these stakeholders do better in all areas.

Jessica Ezekiel-Hart

2013-06-01

155

The Beliefs of Students, Parents and Teachers about Internal Factors of Academic Achievement  

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The main purpose of this paper was to determine the beliefs of students, teachers and parents about the internal factors of academic achievement and to verify whether their beliefs vary. In this paper the beliefs about the internal factors of academic achievement: personality traits, intellectual ability, language competence, interest in the subject and locus of control are thematised. The sample included 516 students from grades 5, 7 and 9 of 12 different basic schools in central Slovenia, 4...

Helena Smrtnik Vituli?; Irena Lesar

2014-01-01

156

Retention of Hispanic/Latino students in first grade: Child, parent, teacher, school, and peer predictors  

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A sample of 283 Hispanic children with literacy performance at entrance to first grade below the median for their school district was studied as part of a larger research project on the predictors of grade retention in grade 1. Following retention decisions, 51 Hispanic students were retained in first grade. Low literacy skills, being young at entrance to first grade, low ego resilience, low support in the teacher–student relationship, and parents’ low sense of responsibility for their ch...

Willson, Victor L.; Hughes, Jan N.

2006-01-01

157

Career and parenting satisfaction among medical students, residents and physician teachers at a Canadian medical school  

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BACKGROUND: Studies of career and parenting satisfaction have focused separately on medical students, residents and practising physicians. The objective of this study was to compare satisfaction across a spectrum of stages of medical career. METHODS: A survey of incoming medical students, current medical students, residents and physician teachers at the University of Saskatchewan was conducted in the spring of 1997. Response rates were 77% (43/56), 81% (177/218), 65% (134/206) and 39% (215/55...

Cujec, B.; Oancia, T.; Bohm, C.; Johnson, D.

2000-01-01

158

Agreement between parents and teachers on preschool children's behavior in a clinical sample with externalizing behavioral problems.  

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An accurate interpretation of information obtained from multiple assessors is indispensible when complex diagnoses of behavioral problems in children need to be confirmed. The present study examined the similarity of parents and kindergarten teachers ratings on children's behavior in a sample of 160 preschool children (a clinical group including 80 children with externalizing behavioral problems and a matched control group including 80 children). Behavioral problems were assessed using the SDQ, and the DISYPS-II questionnaires for ADHD and conduct disorders. The results revealed low levels of parent-teacher agreement for their ratings on the children's behavior in both groups with the highest correlations in the non-clinical sample. Parent-teacher agreement did not differ significantly across the samples. Parent and teacher ratings correlated with the prevalence of externalizing disorders and were found to be almost independent of each other. The results highlight the importance of multiple informants and their independent influence within the diagnostic process. PMID:24363143

Korsch, Franziska; Petermann, Franz

2014-10-01

159

Elementary School Students’ Reading Environments from Teachers’, Parents’, and Students’ Perspectives  

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Full Text Available The aim of this research was to describe reading environments of elementary school students when taken account of students’, parents’, and classroom teachers’ views. This research also gave some recommendations on what elementary school students’ reading environments should be in the light of literature. For this aim, the data was collected from classroom teachers, parents, and students studying in fourth-grade and fifth-grade by semi-structured questionnaire forms. The descriptive analysis was carried out to analyze the data obtained from the participants. The results of this research revealed that teachers and parents could not become models to support students’ readings. Instead, they orally directed children about their readings. This research also showed that the activities for reading done at homes and at schools do not improve children’s positive motivation toward reading. In addition, the children stated that they would love to get involved in reading activities since these enjoyable activities can increase their interests in reading.© 2012 IOJES. All rights reserved

Seyit Ate?

2012-08-01

160

Not your ordinary librarian debunking the popular perceptions of librarians  

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When you picture a librarian, what do you imagine? An old white woman with glasses and a prudish disposition? That is the image that many people conjure up when asked to picture a librarian; with 82 per cent of the professional force being female and the average age of a librarian at 45, coupled with popular stereotypical images, it is difficult to dispute the perceptions. But there is more to librarians than meets the eye. This book will explore the origin of the image and popular media images of the librarian, in addition to the effects of the stereotype, and the challenges to the perception

White, Ashanti

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Reconstructing Parents’ Meetings in Primary Schools: The Teacher as Expert, the Parent as Advocate and the Pupil as Self-Advocate  

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Full Text Available The efficacy of parents’ meetings in primary schools in the UK is anarea in need of research. This article uses an approach informed by grounded theory to explore the experiences and satisfaction of parents, teachers and pupils regarding bi-annual meetings to discuss pupil progress. A two-phase approach was utilised, with diary-interviews with parents and teachers and group pupil interviews in Phase 1, followed by a parents’ questionnaire in Phase 2 derived from Phase 1 data. The findings from a doctoral study provide an overall more positive depiction of these meetings compared to existing research in the secondary sector. A model of the teacher as the expert and information-giver persists, but a consumerist ideology appears evident as parents seek to participate and advocate on behalf of their child. As parents become more proactive and teachers act to retain their professional authority, the interaction of the professional and advocate has excluded the perspective of the child. This leaves pupils in search of self-advocacy at meetings in which they are the object of discussion, but cannot be present. While pupils generally favour involvement, adults express a protectionist perspective on pupil exclusion with exceptional factors indicated as being the age of the child and the content of the meeting.

Gillian Inglis

2012-01-01

162

Teachers' and Caregivers' Perceptions of Gender Differences in Educational Experiences of Children Affected by Parental AIDS in Western Kenya  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this qualitative case study was to describe the perceptions of teachers and caregivers concerning gender differences in the educational experiences of children influenced by the HIV status of their parents or orphaned by AIDS in 7 orphanage schools of Western Kenya. 12 teachers and 8 caregivers participated in the study. Data were…

Jepkemboi, Grace; Aldridge, Jerry

2009-01-01

163

Comparison of Teachers' and Students' Perceptions of Academic Performance and Opportunities: A Focus on Pregnant and Parenting Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This article is a comparison study that investigates how teachers view the academic performance of and the future opportunities available to pregnant and parenting students, while also analyzing how these teenagers perceive their own abilities and opportunities. Responses given by teachers at a school with a high rate of students who are pregnant…

Leatherwood, Heather

2006-01-01

164

A Comparison of Two Peer-Referenced Assessment Techniques with Parent and Teacher Ratings of Social Skills and Problem Behaviors.  

Science.gov (United States)

The relationship of parent and teacher ratings of social skills and problem behaviors, using the Social Skills Rating System with two peer-reference measures, were examined with 101 fifth- and sixth-graders. Teacher ratings of social skills, problem behaviors, and academic competence showed moderate correlations with both peer measures. (Contains…

Wright, Dan; Torrey, Gregory K.

2001-01-01

165

Librarians as Leaders in Professional Learning Communities through Technology, Literacy, and Collaboration  

Science.gov (United States)

Librarians promote student learning through technology, literacy, and collaboration with teachers. Each element provides ample opportunities to offer leadership and to learn as a member of the learning community. The librarian demonstrates leadership within the professional learning community (PLC) by providing professional development for…

Dees, Dianne; Mayer, Alisande; Morin, Heather; Willis, Elaine

2010-01-01

166

A Librarian's Work  

Science.gov (United States)

John Fiske (1842-1901) was an American historian, philosopher, lecturer, and prolific author. Renowned as a popularizer of evolutionary theory, Fiske rubbed elbows with Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer. From 1872-79 he served as Assistant Librarian at Harvard University, occupied mainly with what is known today as "Technical Services," i.e.,…

Fiske, John

2008-01-01

167

The Incredible Embeddable Librarian  

Science.gov (United States)

The "embedded librarian" as a concept has emerged in the literature only recently, but has quickly gained footing as a model of practice. Many scholarly explorations of embedded librarianship have been published, though no two works define this concept in the exact same way. David Shumaker's description seems to be particularly apt: "Embedded…

Dale, Jenny; Kellam, Lynda

2012-01-01

168

Survey Development to Assess Parental Satisfaction with Adapted Physical Education Teachers' Abilities Working with Children with Autism  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to systematically develop and validate an instrument to assess parental perceptions toward adapted physical education (APE) teachers, who work with children with autism. Methods: Participants included two expert panels and parents of children and youth with autism. The survey used a Likert-scale design where…

Columna, Luis; Cook, Allison; Foley, John T.; Bailey, JoEllen

2014-01-01

169

"They Didn't Have 'Out There' Gay Parents--They Just Looked Like "Normal" Regular Parents": Investigating Teachers' Approaches to Addressing Same-Sex Parenting and Non-Normative Sexuality in the Elementary School Classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article we draw on queer theoretical and critical literacy perspectives to investigate elementary school teachers' pedagogical approaches to addressing same-sex parenting and non-normative sexuality in the elementary classroom. Through undertaking case study research, we examine two Australian elementary school teachers' reflections on…

Martino, Wayne; Cumming-Potvin, Wendy

2011-01-01

170

Cognitive Functioning of Children with Severe Intellectual Disabilities and Children with Deafblindness: A Study of the Perceptions of Teachers and Parents in the USA and India  

Science.gov (United States)

Background: Teachers and parents play a very important role in providing valuable information for the assessment of children with severe disabilities. The needs of children, educational goals, and parental aspirations are similar irrespective of the part of the globe they live in. This study focused on the perceptions of teachers and parents of…

Narayan, Jayanthi; Bruce, Susan M.; Bhandari, Reena; Kolli, Padmavathi

2010-01-01

171

Are effective teachers like good parents? Teaching styles and student adjustment in early adolescence.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the utility of parent socialization models for understanding teachers' influence on student adjustment in middle school. Teachers were assessed with respect to their modeling of motivation and to Baumrind's parenting dimensions of control, maturity demands, democratic communication, and nurturance. Student adjustment was defined in terms of their social and academic goals and interest in class, classroom behavior, and academic performance. Based on information from 452 sixth graders from two suburban middle schools, results of multiple regressions indicated that the five teaching dimensions explained significant amounts of variance in student motivation, social behavior, and achievement. High expectations (maturity demands) was a consistent positive predictor of students' goals and interests, and negative feedback (lack of nurturance) was the most consistent negative predictor of academic performance and social behavior. The role of motivation in mediating relations between teaching dimensions and social behavior and academic achievement also was examined; evidence for mediation was not found. Relations of teaching dimensions to student outcomes were the same for African American and European American students, and for boys and girls. The implications of parent socialization models for understanding effective teaching are discussed. PMID:14717258

Wentzel, Kathryn R

2002-01-01

172

Women's Studies Librarian  

Science.gov (United States)

The University of Wisconsin System Women's Studies Librarian offers a web page that provides exhaustive lists of bibliographies of monographs and scholarly articles in women's studies. The site also offers core lists of women's studies books in print on subjects from aging to women of color, compiled by the Association of College and Research Libraries Women's Studies Section. These core lists are intended to aid librarians in building women's collections, as well as guide teaching faculty in selecting course materials. Publishers and prices are provided. The page also points to selected women's Internet subject resources, e-zines and newsletters, and syllabi and course materials. http://www.library.wisc.edu/libraries/WomensStudies/

173

Librarians and copyright  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The contribution presents a collection of basic information from the field of copyrights,which Slovene librarians should be familiar with since their everyday work with materials and contacts with users increasingly touches upon issues of the protection of author’s interests and the public rights of access to information. The paper gives a short historical survey of the development of copyrights abroad and particularly in Slovenia, an overview of acts adopted in Slovenia and international c...

Stanislav Bohor

2002-01-01

174

Influence of Student–Teacher and Parent–Teacher Relationships on Lower Achieving Readers’ Engagement and Achievement in the Primary Grades  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Participants were 443 (52.6% male, 47.4% female) ethnically diverse, 1st-grade, lower achieving readers attending 1 of 3 school districts in Texas. Using latent variable structural equation modeling, the authors tested a theoretical model positing that (a) the quality of teachers’ relationships with students and their parents mediates the associations between children’s background characteristics and teacher-rated classroom engagement and that (b) child classroom engagement, in turn, medi...

Hughes, Jan; Kwok, Oi-man

2007-01-01

175

Investigation into the Perceptions of Students, Parents, and Teachers in China’s Education Reform in Grades 7 and 8  

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Full Text Available The objective of this study was to examine how and to what extent Grades 7 and 8 teachershave implemented educational reforms in China that have had a direct impact on students,teachers, and parents. Major sources of data for this study were separate anonymous surveysfor teachers, students, and parents. The study concluded that teachers and parents liked thereform initiatives. Most teachers were able to make changes that supported the reforms thatinclude curriculum planning, teaching strategies, student evaluation, and special education.Teachers lacked in-service professional development and resources, especially in the ruralareas. Teachers experienced difficulties that arose from the conflict between activity-basedlearning and exam-oriented systems. Parents and society need to change their mindsets ofvaluing exam achievements. Chinese educators are at the crossroads of whether the ‘quality’movement is what the students and society need at this time or make changes in the highstakes examination. Leaders who want to implement change will have to pay attention to thevoices of stakeholders.

Chun Jian PAN

2009-06-01

176

Professional Astronomy without a Librarian  

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Virtually every ``serious'' place where professional astronomy is done has a librarian, even if shared with the physics or math department. Since its creation in 1994 of {\\it Departamento de Astronom\\'{\\i}a} (DA) of Universidad de Guanajuato (UG) it was neither provided with a librarian, nor with proper space for its holdings, nor with a budget allowing institutional journal subscriptions. I describe my experience of now five years as ``amateur'' librarian, and present infor...

Andernach, Heinz

2002-01-01

177

Parents' and teachers' attitudes regarding school involvement in education that extends beyond the traditional academic core.  

Science.gov (United States)

In a survey conducted with 1,107 parents (590 mothers, M age=38.8 yr., SD=5.8; 517 fathers, M age=41.3 yr., SD=6.0) and 123 teachers (82 women, M age=41.1 yr., SD=9.2; 41 men, M age=41.3 yr., SD=9.1) in coastal rural Southern Ostrobothnia, Finland, an assessment of the relative responsibility of the family in comparison with that of school in the teaching of various skills to children was made. Parents and teachers agreed that the school carries 30-40% of the responsibility for the teaching of socio-emotional skills, such as conflict resolution, norms and values, self-esteem, sense of justice and responsibility, and close human relations. They also agreed that school carries 50% of the responsibility for providing information about sexuality and drugs. Fathers opined that school carried a greater responsibility in teaching skills than mothers did. PMID:17688158

Aman-Back, Susanna; Björkqvist, Kaj

2007-06-01

178

Librarian as Professor of Social Media Literacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Many high school teachers are prohibited from interacting with students in social media sites despite the fact that the majority of teenagers actively use them. The first opportunity most students have to interact with instructors in an online environment is in higher education. University and college librarians can take the lead in providing social media literacy instruction by developing courses and workshops using the Information Literacy Competency Standards developed by ACRL. This article discusses the development and instruction of a freshmen orientation course at Oregon State University titled Social Media: A Life Lived Online.

Laurie M. Bridges

2012-01-01

179

Correlations between parents' and teachers' ratings of social skills for a group of developmentally disabled children in Iran.  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents' and teachers' ratings of social skills and behavioural problems for 89 special education students aged 8 to 15 yr. were measured using the Social Skills Rating System of Gresham and Elliott. The sample was selected in a school for educable mentally retarded children in Shiraz, Iran. The low to moderate correlations between the two sets of ratings suggest that assessment of social skills and behavioural problems should include the use of different rating scales in more than one setting. Sex differences were not significant for parents' and teachers' ratings of these disabled children. The scores showed high internal consistency. PMID:10672747

Shahim, S

1999-12-01

180

THE EXAMINATION OF THE BASIC SKILL LEVELS OF THE STUDENTS’ IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PERCEPTIONS OF TEACHERS, PARENTS AND STUDENTS  

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In this research, the level of possession of the students’ basic skills that are anticipated to be cultivated into student by the new elementary education program were evaluated in terms of the perceptions of teachers, parents and students. For the sample groups of this research, the 4th and 5th grade students (527) from 16 schools, the parents (527) of these students and the teachers (148) of the 4th and 5th grade in the districts of Istanbul (Avcilar, Bakirkoy and Sisli), which is the la...

Hotaman, Davut

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Librarians and copyright  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The contribution presents a collection of basic information from the field of copyrights,which Slovene librarians should be familiar with since their everyday work with materials and contacts with users increasingly touches upon issues of the protection of author’s interests and the public rights of access to information. The paper gives a short historical survey of the development of copyrights abroad and particularly in Slovenia, an overview of acts adopted in Slovenia and international contracts from the field of copyright protection. Special attention is paid to the current articles of the Slovene Copyright Act, particularly those affecting the activities of public libraries.

Stanislav Bohor

2002-01-01

182

The Researching Librarian  

Science.gov (United States)

Created by Kerry Smith, Assistant Professor and Library Instruction Services Coordinator, Mississippi State University Libraries, this new metasite gathers a modest but carefully selected group of sites that may be useful to librarians conducting research. The sites are organized in five categories: databases, funding, journals, statistics, and tools. Each link is briefly annotated or includes a block quote from the title page of the site being linked to. While many of the sites listed will be familiar to experienced online researchers, the site is worth a look, and newer users will certainly find a number of useful resources.

183

Reference Librarian in Digital Environment:  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The information explosion of the latter half of the twentieth century, gave rise to online databases and various information media that gradually impacted on the very physical environment of the library. It transformed the librarians’ role. Reference librarians are no exception. The present study aims to investigate the need or lack of need to reference librarians within the digital domains based on the views expressed by LIS authorities in Iran. It would attempt further, to identify the qualities required for such librarian should a need for her/his expressed. The research, while descriptive in nature, was based on analyzing the results obtained by the checklist devised by the authors. LIS Specialist sample was composed of 57 people who filled the checklist. Findings show that there is a significance between employing ICT and need for a reference librarian. LIS experts in Iran believe that introduction of ICT, especially Internet and the WWW not only didn’t decrease the need for such librarians, but has caused the reference librarian to attain a more important and better status than before. Findings further demonstrated that while Iran is not a signatory to the international copyright conventions, the Iranian reference librarians are fully committed to observing author’s copyright and intellectual rights and frown on using software crackers.

Faramarz Sohili

2008-07-01

184

Continuing Education for Distance Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

Distance librarians as engaged professionals work in a complex environment of changes in technologies, user expectations, and institutional goals. They strive to keep current with skills and competencies to support distance learners. This article provides a selection of continuing education opportunities for distance librarians, and is relevant…

Cassner, Mary; Adams, Kate E.

2012-01-01

185

The Agile Librarian's Guide to Thriving in Any Institution  

CERN Document Server

Agile librarians love their work and are appreciated for it. They have expertise in the practice of their profession and in the business of gaining and maintaining influence, as well as in effective marketing and public relations. This useful handbook describes and illustrates proven methods to get your library and information services the attention and support they deserve. Discover what your parent organization needs and values most. Delight your clients, your boss and non-librarian decision makers. Build a credible image and strengthen positive communication. Gather, analyze, and use valid

MCKNIGHT, MICHELYNN

2009-01-01

186

Effects of a Collaborative Teacher/Parent Intervention on the Behavior Problems in the Classroom and the Home of Preschool Handicapped Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study examined effects of a combined teacher-parent behavior management program focusing on inappropriate behaviors in the school and homes of five preschool children with developmental and/or language delays, behavior disorders, and/or multiple handicaps. A special education teacher/trainer collaborated with parents to select target behaviors…

Lantzy, Theresa J.; Gable, Robert A.

187

A Study To Determine Parents' and Teachers' Perceptions of the Effectiveness of Public School Principals in the Upper Cumberland Development District of Tennessee.  

Science.gov (United States)

Previous research shows that successful schools have competent principals. In the Upper Cumberland Development District of Tennessee, 350 teachers and 350 parents were surveyed concerning the capability of principals in the district's most efficient schools. Eighty-four percent of the teachers and 78 percent of the parents completed the…

Peach, Larry E.; Reddick, Thomas L.

188

Social Skills Intervention Planning for Preschoolers: Using the SSiS-Rating Scales to Identify Target Behaviors Valued by Parents and Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers' and parents' importance ratings of social behaviors for 95 preschoolers were examined using the "Social Skills Improvement System-Rating Scales" (Gresham & Elliott, 2008). Multivariate analyses were used to examine parents' and teachers' importance ratings at the item and subscale levels. Overall,…

Frey, Jennifer R.; Elliott, Stephen N.; Kaiser, Ann P.

2014-01-01

189

Parent-Child and Teacher-Child Relationships in Chinese Preschoolers: The Moderating Role of Preschool Experiences and the Mediating Role of Social Competence  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on two samples of Chinese preschoolers (Study 1: N = 443; Study 2: N = 118) and their parents and teachers, the present research examined the associations between parent-child and teacher-child relationships, and how the associations were moderated by children's preschool experiences and mediated by their social competence. Using a…

Zhang, Xiao

2011-01-01

190

Taking on the Perspective of the Other: Understanding Parents' and Teachers' Perceptions of Parent Involvement in Students' Educational Experiences  

Science.gov (United States)

Parent involvement is considered a vital educational factor that is associated with students' academic success. Engaging parents in the educational process is a challenge confronting many school districts across the United States. This is a significant problem for schools in low socioeconomic communities where lack of resources for parents and…

Wilson, Rene M.

2011-01-01

191

The new dropout challenge: bridging gaps among students, parents, and teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Interview and survey data reveal significant disconnects among the insights and perspectives of dropouts, parents, teachers, and administrators on the causes and solutions to the dropout challenge. Many educators, for example, do not see boredom as a factor for most dropouts, while young people who drop out see it as the central cause. The author argues that if these disconnects are not more fully understood and bridged, they will continue to set back efforts to keep more students in school and on track to graduate ready for postsecondary education. Models for how communities can engage these constituencies in productive dialogue and transformative action are included in reports and in Grad Nation, a guidebook that helps communities tackle their dropout crises. PMID:20973077

Bridgeland, John M

2010-01-01

192

A Study of Teachers, Students, and Parents' Perceptions of How School Climate Affects African-American and Latino Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Nationally, educational disparities have resulted in a significant achievement gap among African American and Latino students compared to European American students. Cognitive theorists including Piaget, Bruner, and Vygotsky believe that one's environment has an effect on learning. This qualitative case study examined teacher, student, and parent

Taylor, Susan M.

2009-01-01

193

Perceptions of a School-Based Self-Management Program Promoting an Active Lifestyle among Elementary Schoolchildren, Teachers, and Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study aimed to investigate how classroom-based self-management lessons to promote physical activity were perceived by students, teachers, and parents. The self-management lessons were implemented by an external physical education specialist in 20 class groups at eight elementary schools. Program perceptions were evaluated in 412…

Cardon, Greet Maria; Haerens, Leen Liesbeth; Verstraete, Stefanie; de Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse

2009-01-01

194

Which Variables Relate to the Attitudes of Teachers, Parents and Peers towards Students with Special Educational Needs in Regular Education?  

Science.gov (United States)

While there is an increased interest in describing attitudes of teachers, parents and peers towards students with special educational needs in regular education, there is a lack of knowledge about various variables relating to the attitudes of these three groups. The aims of this study are: (1) to examine which variables relate to the attitudes of…

de Boer, Anke; Pijl, Sip Jan; Post, Wendy; Minnaert, Alexander

2012-01-01

195

Raising Future Scientists: Identifying and Developing a Child’s Science Talent, A Guide for Parents and Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents and teachers may suspect early science talent in children, which frequently manifests itself through insatiable curiosity and an intense interest in one or more areas of science. However, sometimes they struggle with identification and then knowing what to do to nurture these talents. The author of this practical article provides a…

Heilbronner, Nancy N.

2013-01-01

196

The Role of Active Listening in Teacher-Parent Relations and the Moderating Role of Attachment Style  

Science.gov (United States)

This study tested the perceived effectiveness of "Listening-Ask questions-Focus on the issue-Find a first step" method (McNaughton et al., 2008) in a parent-teacher conversation using a scenario study (N?=?208). As expected, a scenario based on this method compared with a scenario of a conversation omitting the four steps of the method…

Castro, Dotan R.; Alex, Cohen; Tohar, Gilad; Kluger, Avraham N.

2013-01-01

197

Students' Perceptions of Rewards for Academic Performance by Parents and Teachers: Relations with Achievement and Motivation in College  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study, the authors examined college students' (N = 136) perceptions of the provision of extrinsic rewards given by parents and teachers for academic performance from elementary school through high school. They also examined the relations between reward history and present student motivational orientation. External rewards for…

Davis, Kelly D.; Winsler, Adam; Middleton, Michael

2006-01-01

198

Reliability and Validity of the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA) as a Function of Parent and Teacher Ratings  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined reliability and validity of the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA), based on samples of parents and teachers' ratings of 1,145 entering kindergartners in the Southwest. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that DECA presented good reliability and validity for manifest variables, corroborating previous findings.…

Barbu, Otilia C.; Levine-Donnerstein, Deborah; Marx, Ronald W.; Yaden, David B., Jr.

2013-01-01

199

Item Response Theory Analyses of the Parent and Teacher Ratings of the DSM-IV ADHD Rating Scale  

Science.gov (United States)

The graded response model (GRM), which is based on item response theory (IRT), was used to evaluate the psychometric properties of the inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity symptoms in an ADHD rating scale. To accomplish this, parents and teachers completed the DSM-IV ADHD Rating Scale (DARS; Gomez et al., "Journal of Child Psychology and…

Gomez, Rapson

2008-01-01

200

Opinions of Teachers and Parents about Time Spent by Students at School, Lesson Hours, Break Times, Holidays and School Terms  

Science.gov (United States)

Amount of time spent at school is one of the mostly discussed educational matters. The present study was carried out to put forward the relationship between the time spent at school and learning acquisitions. In the study, 52 parents living in Bursa and 59 teachers were asked for their opinions. According to the data, while nearly half of the…

Gokce, Feyyat

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Librarians and computer knowledge  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Virtual library had become a well established term in librarianship and is often related to the fast Internet development and its usage. It is often discussed of virtual library as an integration of different media with Internet which may give the feeling of (virtual reality. The educational impact and new perception of knowledge and learning are also much discussed. However, Internet is a good example of service, that is directly related to number and critical mass of users.When this is reached, the growth is fast and almost limitless, We do not discuss enough about the training librarians should /will have for virtual library. This text tries also to systemize the practical experiences the author has in his professional work in two domains - librarianship and computer science.

Primož Južni?

1997-01-01

202

A Search for New Ways of Describing Parent-Child Relationships: Voices from Principals, Teachers, Guidance Professionals, Parents and Pupils  

Science.gov (United States)

What are children's perceptions and experience of parent-child relationships in Hong Kong, where westernization (modernization) has met with the indigenous Chinese culture? This article focuses on how school children in Hong Kong are constantly grappling with 'Chinese' and 'western' traditions in the parent-child relationship as they hear…

Luk-Fong, Yuk Yee Pattie

2005-01-01

203

The image and role of the librarian  

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Get a unique insight into the image problems librarians face! The Image and Role of the Librarian addresses all aspects of professional identity for librarians, including professional roles, cultural images, popular perceptions, and future trends. The book examines historical representations, stereotypes, and popular culture icons and the role each plays in the relationship between librarian and patron. The book also looks at the profound impact the Internet has had on the services librarians provide and how electronic resources have transformed the roles and responsibilities of librarians. Fr

Katz, Linda S

2013-01-01

204

Higher Education Librarians Are Comfortable and Confident With their Teaching Responsibilities and Pedagogical Knowledge. A Review of: Bewick, L., & Corrall, S. (2010. Developing librarians as teachers: A study of their pedagogical knowledge. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 42(2, 97-110.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – The primary objective of this study was to gather quantitative information on the need, development, acquisition, and application of pedagogical knowledge by academic librarians with teaching responsibilities.Design – Online survey questionnaire.Setting – Higher-education (HE institutions (i.e., post-secondary institutions such as colleges and universities in the United Kingdom.Subjects – Subject librarians from 82 HE libraries (one from each.Methods – Of the 191 HE institutions in the United Kingdom (determined via a now-unavailable directory, 137 supplied an online staff directory with contact information. One subject librarian from each HE institution was contacted; librarians were selected from the online directory by taking a name systematically from a different point in each listing (i.e., first, second, third, etc. Each librarian was sent an email that contained an introductory message as well as a link to the questionnaire. The online questionnaire was created using Survey Monkey and piloted before and after input. It employed mostly multiple-choice tick boxes as well as open-ended questions and comment boxes. The 35-question survey questionnaire was developed in part through email interviews with two leading researchers in the field (identified via the literature. Responses were received from 82 librarians (60%. The answers were analyzed and cross-tabulated using SPSS. Komogorov-Smirnov tests were done to determine the significance of some results. Open-ended questions and comment boxes were placed into categories using Microsoft Excel to identify patters and themes.Main Results – The 82 librarians who responded to the survey came from a wide variety of backgrounds: the majority were subject librarians from Arts & Humanities (31%, had spent more than ten years in their position (38%, worked full-time (71%, were members of pre-1992 HE institutions (59%, and went by the job title of Subject Librarian (30% (or a slight variation thereof.Respondents indicated a significant amount of variation in terms of the number of hours spent preparing and teaching each week, ranging from 0 to 25 hours per week (FT staff and 0 to 12 hours (PT staff. Eleven librarians spent 40% or more of their time teaching. Due to the high standard deviation (5.71, however, and the fact that many librarians indicated difficulty providing precise figures, these percentages should only be used as general estimates.The study found that librarians were involved in a variety of teaching settings, including on-the-spot support, writing materials, teaching small groups, conducting one-on-one instruction, and teaching large groups. Evaluation was not indicated as a regular practice. With regard to pedagogical development, most training was of an informal nature learned on the job (75% or through trial and error (61%. Other training methods included short courses or training programs, conferences, peer-support groups, and committee work. The most valuable lessons librarians took from their training were awareness of different learning styles (37%, the use of new techniques (29%, and contribution of planning and preparing (27%.A Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was performed on the correlation between involvement in formal training and knowledge of designing learning activities or teaching and learning theories (97.4% and 100% likelihood of a significant impact, relatively. While the authors state in the article that a Chi-square test was done, the original thesis upon which the article is based (available via http://dagda.shef.ac.uk/dissertations/2006-07/External/Cox_Laura_MALib.pdf, notes that the test was not completed as more than 20% of the expected counts were less than five (a frequent limiting constraint of the test.The vast majority felt their work was either important or very important; that they were sufficiently qualified and knowledgeable; and that they were confident providing the sessions. Responses were mixed when it came to determining whether additional training would improve their confidence or aid th

Mê-Linh Lê

2011-06-01

205

A competency-based model of child depression: a longitudinal study of peer, parent, teacher, and self-evaluations.  

Science.gov (United States)

In a two-wave longitudinal study of third and sixth graders (N = 617), we obtained self-reports of depression and peer, teacher, parent, and self-reports of competence in five domains: academic, social, attractiveness, conduct, and athletic. Competency evaluations by others predicted change in self-perceived competence over time for girls, but not for boys. Depression predicted change in self-perceived competence over time for boys but not for girls. Among girls, the relative importance of parent, teacher, and peer appraisals shifted from third to sixth grade. For both boys and girls, self-perceptions of competence predicted change in depression scores over time. Furthermore, self-perceived competencies mediated the relation between competency appraisals by others and children's self-reported depression. Results are interpreted in light of a competency-based model of child depression. PMID:9255694

Cole, D A; Martin, J M; Powers, B

1997-07-01

206

Medizinbibliothekarische Bibliografie 2012 [The Medical Librarian’s Bibliography 2012  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available [english] The Medical Librarian’s Bibliography 2012 lists all articles from GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information and selected publications relevant to medical librarians from following journals: ABI Technik, Bibliothek Forschung und Praxis, Bibliotheksdienst, B.I.T. online, BuB: Forum Bibliothek und Information, Information – Wissenschaft & Praxis, Journal of the European Association for Health Information and Libraries, Mitteilungen der Vereinigung Österreichischer Bibliothekarinnen und Bibliothekare, Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen & Bibliographie.[german] In der Medizinbibliothekarischen Bibliografie 2012 sind sämtliche Beiträge von GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information sowie medizinbibliothekarisch relevante Beiträge in folgenden Zeitschriften erfasst: ABI Technik, Bibliothek Forschung und Praxis, Bibliotheksdienst, B.I.T. online, BuB: Forum Bibliothek und Information, Information – Wissenschaft & Praxis, Journal of the European Association for Health Information and Libraries, Mitteilungen der Vereinigung Österreichischer Bibliothekarinnen und Bibliothekare, Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen & Bibliographie.

Bauer, Bruno

2013-09-01

207

Engaging students with ADHD in mainstream education: lessons from children, parents and teachers.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The move towards inclusive education in the UK (DfEE, 1997; DfE, 2004, and more recently integrated working (DfEE 2003, has resulted in the development of a national framework calling for a change to the way organizations meet the needs of children. The Children Act (DfEE 2004a provides the legal framework to legislate for these changes at national and local levels, and local service providers are required to work in partnership to provide a coordinated and coherent system of support aligned to the child's evolving needs. This paper reports on empirical findings taken from interviews with children with ADHD, their teachers and parents, to highlight what they perceive to be effective in providing support for the children in their learning environment. Examples are drawn from environmental, personal, organizational and structural factors that are believed to influence the children's behaviour. Suggestions are made over areas that need to be considered when setting up integrated services and how these can influence effective support for children.

Lesley Hughes

2009-04-01

208

Energy-Smart Building Choices: How Parents and Teachers Are Helping to Create Better Environments for Learning  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Most K-12 schools could save 25% of their energy costs by being smart about energy. Nationwide, the savings potential is$6 billion. While improving energy use in buildings and busses, schools are likely to create better places for teaching and learning, with better lighting, temperature control, acoustics, and air quality. This brochure, targeted to parents and teachers, describes how schools can become more energy efficient

209

When Cheap is Good : Cost-Effective Parent and Teacher Interventions for Children with Externalizing Behavior Problems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

There is strong empirical support for behavioral parent training (BPT) as an intervention for children with externalizing behavior problems (EBP). However, there is a lack of studies that have investigated the effectiveness of BPT in routine care. Furthermore, most families in need of service do not gain access to it. Another issue of concern is that a sizable portion of children who take part in BPT does not show clinical significant improvement. With regard to behavioral teacher training (B...

Forster, Martin

2010-01-01

210

Academic Librarians in Second Life  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The multi-user virtual world Second Life is an online software platform that allows users to jointly explore realistic three-dimensional environments via avatar characters, communicate via voice and text chat, and collaborate using shared creation tools. Librarians and educators have been developing academic content and services in Second Life for use with students and other constituency groups since 2005. This study surveyed academic librarians working in Second Life to discover their perceptions of virtual world environments for teaching and learning and to gauge the impact of this technology on their work with faculty and students. Sixty-two librarians provided details on various aspects of their professional involvement in Second Life. Findings show that librarians from every type of academic institution, at all levels of advancement, and in every department participate in this virtual world. Results include details of roles and functions, as well as perceived benefits and challenges. Because many adolescents and teenagers worldwide are currently active virtual world participants, academic librarians in Second Life view virtual world technology as a significant near-future educational trend.

Denise Cote

2012-01-01

211

Psychometric Properties of the Parent and Teacher ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS): Measurement Invariance Across Gender, Age, and Informant.  

Science.gov (United States)

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Rating the severity of psychopathology and symptom load is essential in daily clinical practice and in research. The parent and teacher ADHD-Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) includes inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity subscales and is one of the most frequently used scales in treatment evaluation of children with ADHD. An extended version, mADHD-RS, also includes an oppositional defiant disorder subscale. The partial credit Rasch model, which is based on item response theory, was used to test the psychometric properties of this scale in a sample of 566 Danish school children between 6 and 16 years of age. The results indicated that parents and teachers had different frames of reference when rating symptoms in the mADHD-RS. There was support for the unidimensionality of the three subscales when parent and teacher ratings were analyzed independently. Nonetheless, evidence for differential item functioning was found across gender and age for specific items within each of the subscales. The findings expand existing psychometric information about the mADHD-RS and support its use as a valid and reliable measure of symptom severity when used in age- and gender-stratified materials. PMID:24852496

Makransky, Guido; Bilenberg, Niels

2014-12-01

212

Views of parents, teachers and children on health promotion in kindergarten : first results from formative focus groups and observations  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The aim of the study was to capture the views of children, parents and teachers on the topic of physical activity in kindergarten through observation and focus group interviews. The study was conducted in the kindergartens from the sampling group in the Danish part of PERISCOPE. 1 st methodology : Children interviewed inside by the researcher on preferable movements and settings and then observed outside during their playtime. 2 nd methodology : Children asked to draw themselves playing their most preferred physical activity. Parents and kindergarten teachers interviewed in two different groups, using an identical guide. Children are skilled in taking advantage of the space and facilities available for physical activity; girls need more support than boys to initiate physical activity; children are happy with the facilities and the toys available in the kindergarten. Teachers feel an increasing pressure to take more responsibility and initiatives for the children ’ s health habits. Parents state that if more physical activity is initiated in the kindergarten, it could make children request domestic activity. Physical activity and movement concept are too abstract for children of this age to talk about: they quickly lose their focus and concentration. The new methodology of videotaping gives the researcher the chance to interpret facial expressions to capture movement, talk and actions, and to make a distinction among children, as they tend to interrupt each other. However, this method contains a weakness, if used alone, by the fact that the shooting is only a refl ection of what the video camera has recorded.

Sansolios, Sanne; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

2011-01-01

213

Psychometric Properties of the Parent and Teacher ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) : Measurement Invariance Across Gender, Age, and Informant  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Rating the severity of psychopathology and symptom load is essential in daily clinical practice and in research. The parent and teacher ADHD-Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) includes inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity subscales and is one of the most frequently used scales in treatment evaluation of children with ADHD. An extended version, mADHD-RS, also includes an oppositional defiant disorder subscale. The partial credit Rasch model, which is based on item response theory, was used to test the psychometric properties of this scale in a sample of 566 Danish school children between 6 and 16 years of age. The results indicated that parents and teachers had different frames of reference when rating symptoms in the mADHD-RS. There was support for the unidimensionality of the three subscales when parent and teacher ratings were analyzed independently. Nonetheless, evidence for differential item functioning was found across gender and age for specific items within each of the subscales. The findings expand existing psychometric information about the mADHD-RS and support its use as a valid and reliable measure of symptom severity when used in age- and gender-stratified materials.

Makransky, Guido; Bilenberg, Niels

2014-01-01

214

Librarian: Careers in Health Sciences Librarianship  

Science.gov (United States)

... career/tip_sheet_college.pdf For Teens or Middle School Students • Career Fair www.mlanet.org/career/ ... librarians are reference and consumer health librarians, web managers, medical informatics specialists, and chief information officers, as ...

215

The personal librarian enhancing the student experience  

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Enter the Personal Librarian, a flexible concept that focuses on customizing information literacy by establishing a one-on-one relationship between librarian and student from enrollment through graduation

Moniz, Richard

2014-01-01

216

Collaboration of Parents and EFL Teachers to Enhance Children’s Motivation towards Reading Skills: Focus to 1st Cycle of Primary Schools in Jimma Zone  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The goal of this study is to investigate to what extent parents and an EFL teachers work collaboratively to boost children’s motivation to reading skills. To achieve this aim, the First Cycle of Primary Schools (1-4 of Jimma zone, two woredas ( Kersa and Mana and one special town (Jimma were taken as an example. Clear and measurable attempts were made to investigate the extent to which parents work with EFL teachers to increase their children’s motivation to the direction of reading skills. In order to achieve the targeted objective mix- questionnaire and semi-structured interview for teachers, an FGD with parents, and classroom observation were made on the current views of parents involvement to maximize students’ motivation of reading and teachers’ role as well. Results of the study show that the parents and EFL teachers hardly work cooperatively to enhance students’ motivation towards reading skill. They do not have an effective communication way in which they exchange constructive information about the students’ reading motivation. There are clearly seen mismatches between the intended curriculum that vehemently sets parents and teachers should work together so as to make students are motivated toward reading skill of English.

Gemechis Teshome

2014-05-01

217

Edmodo: A Great Tool for School Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

School librarians are in a profession where it is easy to be isolated. Often, school districts have only one certified librarian and school librarians must create ways to connect with one another and with other educators. Social media opportunities such as Facebook, LinkedIn, blogs, wikis, and nings are powerful ways of staying connected on a…

Holzweiss, Kristina

2013-01-01

218

How to thrive as a solo librarian  

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How to Thrive as a Solo Librarian is a compilation of chapters by librarians offering advice to colleagues who must work alone or with very limited help. The contributors come from schools and colleges, special and corporate archives, public libraries, and seasoned LIS faculty across the United States and abroad who are familiar with the vigor, dedication, and creativity necessary for solo librarians.

Smallwood, Carol

2011-01-01

219

MOOCs: The Challenges for Academic Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

Over the next few years, librarians at many Australian universities will participate in the creation of local Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). This article aims to prepare librarians for this task. It begins by summarising the development of the MOOC concept and then moves on to review the growing literature on MOOCs and librarians. It…

Barnes, Cameron

2013-01-01

220

Examining Preschool Teachers' Attitudes, Comfort, Action Orientation and Preparation to Work with Children Reared by Gay and Lesbian Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study assessed preschool teachers' attitudes towards homosexuality, their comfort levels in working with same sex parents and their children, their action orientation and preparedness to work on this topic. Twenty teachers from public schools and 20 from private child care settings in North Carolina, USA, participated in the…

Hegde, Archana V.; Averett, Paige; Parker White, Carmel; Deese, Shannon

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Work Esteem And Re-Branding Of Technical Education And Vocational Training From The Perspective Of Parents, Teachers And Apprentice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Several issues were raised from the study of technical and vocational education: low pay, no career path for their future, unable to get admission to university, and finally technical education and vocational training are perceived to be for school dropouts and special needs students (the disabled (Ahmad Esa , 2010; Ramlee, 1999; Wancott, 2000; Gray, 1997; Stone, 1993; Kang and Bishop, 1986. Although various efforts have been undertaken by several agencies to encourage technical education and vocational training to the public, students and parents still prefer academic education to vocational education. Why does this phenomenon still exist despite the publicity given by many agencies? Do parents, students, teachers and school counselors, and various related parties understand the system of vocational education? Aren’t there sufficient promotion arranged? Aren’t there enough "success stories" of those doing technical education and vocational training brought to light by local media? This qualitative study was conducted in two zones, namely, the north (Kedah and central zone (Selangor, two schools were chosen from each zone; one school in the city (Kajang and one from the rural (Dengkil, which are sufficient to get the views of  parents and teachers. The results showed that there was a positive response from parents and teachers about the work reputation and re-branding of technical education and vocational training. Technical and vocational fields are no longer targeted for weak students; on the other hand this study has shown that parents believe that girls too can become successful mechanics. Now parents and teachers are encouraging students to pursue their field of interest, and no longer judge them based on test results per se to take up tertiary education. The path of technical education and vocational training can be advanced to university level and continued abroad. There are suggestions that opportunity should also be given to students learning Arabic or Islamic studies to pursue technical education and vocational training. Openness to technical education and vocational training can improve the image, work esteem and the re-branding of its career path to achieve the status of industrialized nation in 2020. Some implications of the study have been submitted for policy makers to take proactive steps in generating and enhancing the promotion of technical and vocational training.

Rahim Md. Sail

2012-04-01

222

Parents as Teachers: Teaching Parents How to Teach Toilet Skills to Their Children with Autism and Mental Retardation  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a parent training program for teaching toilet skills to children with autism and mental retardation. The study was conducted with three mothers and their children. A multiple probe design using probe sessions across subjects was used. The experimental procedure consisted of two…

Ozcan, Nihal; Cavkaytar, Atilla

2009-01-01

223

Social Support from Parents, Friends, Classmates, and Teachers in Children and Adolescents Aged 9 to 18 Years: Who Is Perceived as Most Supportive?  

Science.gov (United States)

Age and gender differences in perceived social support from parents, friends, classmates, and teachers were investigated in 304 boys and 351 girls aged 9-18 years. The social support scale for children and adolescents was used for this purpose. Analyses showed that the level of perceived social support from parents and friends was similar across…

Bokhorst, Caroline L.; Sumter, Sindy R.; Westenberg, P. Michiel

2010-01-01

224

Comparison of the Expectations of Parents and Teachers for the Behavior of Preschool Children.  

Science.gov (United States)

A picture inventory symbolically portraying two alternative value systems in a preschool setting was administered to 172 mothers and 66 female teachers of preschool children. Differences were found between the behavioral expectations of teachers and mothers who were either non-Anglo, working class, or both, but not between teachers and Anglo…

Winetsky, Carol S.

1978-01-01

225

[Prescription of stimulants for hyperactive children: a pilot study of incentives and constraints on parents, teachers and physicians].  

Science.gov (United States)

The scientific consensus on the use of stimulants to treat "hyperactive" or ADHD-diagnosed children amounts to recognizing a calming effect on children's disruptive behavior and better performance of repetitive tasks, both in the short-term. Long-term effects remain unknown. Still, in Québec, prescription of stimulants to children of welfare recipients nearly tripled between 1990 and 1994, reaching a prevalence of 11.9%. Using a systemic model integrating three approaches (medicalization of deviance, political economy, and strategic analysis), we conceptualized the decision to prescribe as the result of interactions involving different actors holding unequal power and seeking to further their interests. We attempted to establish the defendability of this model by means of in-depth interviews with five parents, four primary school teachers and three physicians in prolonged contact with a hyperactive child receiving stimulant medication. Data from the interviews reveal the omnipresence of the medical model in the hyperactivity treatment system, although teachers rather than physicians appear as the engine of this medicalization. According to parents and physicians, teachers identify and "diagnose" children, propose the use of medication to parents and, in some cases, the school requires that doctors write a prescription. Doctors admit that medical evaluation of referred children is often inadequate. For their part, teachers stress the growing difficulties of their task and the lack of psychosocial supports in the schools. Our respondents' comments highlight the divergent interests of the actors involved as well as each actor's own perception that he or she wishes to act differently but lacks any real choice other than opting for medication. These limited observations should be validated in further studies. They suggest that the current system functions irrationally and that we should not expect it to act in the best interests of children. PMID:9233280

Doré, C; Cohen, D

1997-01-01

226

Chief Information Officer: Schools Need Qualified Librarians To Manage the Accelerating Crush of Knowledge and Technology, Says Library Guru Mike Eisenberg. Interview.  

Science.gov (United States)

In this interview, a leading expert in school librarianship discusses the school librarian's role in creating students who are effective users of information. The importance of information technology to information management is described, as are strategies librarians can use to collaborate with teachers and administrators. He describes how…

Eisenberg, Mike; Barton, Rhonda

2003-01-01

227

Twitter for Libraries (and Librarians)  

Science.gov (United States)

For many people, the word "twitter" brings to mind birds rather than humans. But information professionals know that Twitter (www.twitter.com) is a fast-growing, free messaging service for people, and it's one that libraries (and librarians) can make good use of--without spending much time or effort. This article discusses the many potential uses…

Milstein, Sarah

2009-01-01

228

Blogging for the Distance Librarian  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on user lookups, "Merriam-Webster Online "proclaimed "Blog" the word of the year for 2004. Distance librarianship, until mid-way through 2004, was a subject that was underrepresented in the blogosphere. The inception of a blog called "The Distant Librarian: Comments on the World of Distance Librarianship" is chronicled in this article, along…

Pival, Paul R.

2005-01-01

229

School Librarians: Vital Educational Leaders  

Science.gov (United States)

In the new millennium, school librarians are more likely to be found sitting behind a computer as they update the library web page or create a wiki on genetically modified organisms. Or they might be seen in the library computer lab as they lead students through tutorials on annotated bibliographies or Google docs. If adequately supported, school…

Martineau, Pamela

2010-01-01

230

The Virtual Reference Librarian's Handbook.  

Science.gov (United States)

This book is a practical guide to librarians and their administrators who are thinking about or in the early stages of providing virtual reference service. Part 1, "The Decision to Go Virtual," provides a context for thinking about virtual reference, including the benefits and problems, getting in the virtual frame of mind, and shopping for…

Lipow, Anne Grodzins

231

Families: Influences in Children's Development and Behaviour, from Parents and Teachers' Point of View  

Science.gov (United States)

Family plays a very important role in infant's development and behaviour, being that the parents' divorce can be a very stressful experience. This is an exploratory and comparative study that aims at identifying the differences in children's behaviour with divorced parents (or separated) and married parents (or living together), based on the…

de Figueiredo, Claudia Rodrigues Sequeira; Dias, Filomena Valadao

2012-01-01

232

Relation between therapeutic response and side effects induced by methylphenidate as observed by parents and teachers of children with ADHD  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The desired (therapeutic and undesired (side effects of methylphenidate might have underlying correlations. The aim of this study was to explore the strength and the possible sources of these correlations. Methods One hundred and fifty-seven children with ADHD (6-12 years were administered placebo and methylphenidate (0.5 mg/kg in a divided b.i.d. dose, each for a one-week period, in a double-blind, crossover trial. Therapeutic response was assessed using the Conners' Global Index for parents (CGI-Parents and teachers (CGI-Teachers, while side effects were assessed using the Barkley Side Effects Rating Scale (SERS. Results The side effect profile as assessed by the SERS was similar to that of previous studies with insomnia, decreased appetite, and headaches showing significant treatment effects (p Conclusion The greater "mood/anxiety" side effects on methylphenidate and placebo, the less the parents observe improvement of their children while treated with methylphenidate. This suggests that the correlations between "mood/anxiety" side effects and poor response to treatment may be driven by observer effects rather than biological commonalities between therapeutic and side effects of methylphenidate.

Bhat Venkataramana

2011-04-01

233

O Envolvimento parental na visão de pais e professores de alunos com necessidades educacionais especiais / Parental involvement from the point of view of parents and teachers of students with special educational needs  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Em tempos em que a inclusão escolar de crianças com necessidades educacionais especiais vem ocorrendo com maior frequência em idade pré-escolar, produzir dados sobre estes alunos possibilita uma atuação preventiva junto às famílias e às escolas. Além disso, existem evidências científicas de que uma [...] relação parental próxima à escola seja efetiva para a construção de práticas de ensino adequadas a promoção do desenvolvimento da criança de modo geral. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a percepção dos participantes sobre a relação família-escola, considerando o processo de inclusão. Participaram do estudo 60 pais e 54 professores de crianças NEE, matriculados na pré-escola de uma cidade do interior do estado de São Paulo. Os dados foram coletados por meio de questionários, e analisados utilizando métodos descritivos e análise de conteúdo. Os dados indicam que os fatores importantes ao sucesso do aluno segundo professores seriam o apoio do profissional especializado, e o auxílio aos pais em tudo que envolvesse o desenvolvimento da criança; enquanto pais indicaram a importância de auxiliar alunos e professores na tarefa de casa. Os participantes afirmaram que uma boa relação família-escola seria aquela em que comunicação fosse eficiente. No que diz respeito à promoção da relação, professores afirmam a necessidade da escola ser mais atrativa e pais entendem a necessidade desta oferecer orientações sobre como participar. Embora os participantes compreendam a importância de uma relação parental próxima, existem lacunas sobre a melhor forma de realizar esse envolvimento, indicando a necessidade de ações que promovam o envolvimento parental. Abstract in english At a time when inclusion of children with special educational needs has been occurring most frequently at the early childhood education level, producing data on these students enables preventive measures to be taken with families and schools. There is scientific evidence that a close relationship be [...] tween parents and school is effective for constructing appropriate teaching practices, so as to promote the conditions necessary for child development. The aim of this study was to identify the participants' perceptions about the family-school relationship, considering the inclusion process. The study included 60 parents and 54 teachers of children with special educational needs enrolled in preschool in a city in the state of São Paulo. Data were collected through questionnaires and analyzed using content analysis and descriptive methods. The data indicate that the important factors to student success in the opinion of teachers were the support of expert professionals, and assistance of parents in everything involving the child's development; the parents, in turn, stressed the importance of helping their children and the teachers with homework issues. The participants reported that a good family-school relationship would be one in which communication was efficient. Regarding improvement of the relationship, teachers stated that the school should be made more attractive, while parents suggested that the school needed to offer more guidance on how they could participate more fully. Although the participants understand the importance of a close parental relationship, there are gaps on the best way to accomplish this involvement, indicating the need for programs that promote parental involvement.

Ana Carolina Camargo, Christovam; Fabiana, Cia.

234

O Envolvimento parental na visão de pais e professores de alunos com necessidades educacionais especiais / Parental involvement from the point of view of parents and teachers of students with special educational needs  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Em tempos em que a inclusão escolar de crianças com necessidades educacionais especiais vem ocorrendo com maior frequência em idade pré-escolar, produzir dados sobre estes alunos possibilita uma atuação preventiva junto às famílias e às escolas. Além disso, existem evidências científicas de que uma [...] relação parental próxima à escola seja efetiva para a construção de práticas de ensino adequadas a promoção do desenvolvimento da criança de modo geral. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a percepção dos participantes sobre a relação família-escola, considerando o processo de inclusão. Participaram do estudo 60 pais e 54 professores de crianças NEE, matriculados na pré-escola de uma cidade do interior do estado de São Paulo. Os dados foram coletados por meio de questionários, e analisados utilizando métodos descritivos e análise de conteúdo. Os dados indicam que os fatores importantes ao sucesso do aluno segundo professores seriam o apoio do profissional especializado, e o auxílio aos pais em tudo que envolvesse o desenvolvimento da criança; enquanto pais indicaram a importância de auxiliar alunos e professores na tarefa de casa. Os participantes afirmaram que uma boa relação família-escola seria aquela em que comunicação fosse eficiente. No que diz respeito à promoção da relação, professores afirmam a necessidade da escola ser mais atrativa e pais entendem a necessidade desta oferecer orientações sobre como participar. Embora os participantes compreendam a importância de uma relação parental próxima, existem lacunas sobre a melhor forma de realizar esse envolvimento, indicando a necessidade de ações que promovam o envolvimento parental. Abstract in english At a time when inclusion of children with special educational needs has been occurring most frequently at the early childhood education level, producing data on these students enables preventive measures to be taken with families and schools. There is scientific evidence that a close relationship be [...] tween parents and school is effective for constructing appropriate teaching practices, so as to promote the conditions necessary for child development. The aim of this study was to identify the participants' perceptions about the family-school relationship, considering the inclusion process. The study included 60 parents and 54 teachers of children with special educational needs enrolled in preschool in a city in the state of São Paulo. Data were collected through questionnaires and analyzed using content analysis and descriptive methods. The data indicate that the important factors to student success in the opinion of teachers were the support of expert professionals, and assistance of parents in everything involving the child's development; the parents, in turn, stressed the importance of helping their children and the teachers with homework issues. The participants reported that a good family-school relationship would be one in which communication was efficient. Regarding improvement of the relationship, teachers stated that the school should be made more attractive, while parents suggested that the school needed to offer more guidance on how they could participate more fully. Although the participants understand the importance of a close parental relationship, there are gaps on the best way to accomplish this involvement, indicating the need for programs that promote parental involvement.

Ana Carolina Camargo, Christovam; Fabiana, Cia.

2013-12-01

235

Strengthening the Roles of Parent Teacher Association in Secondary Schools for Better Community Participation in Educational Development in Nigeria  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper examined the traditional roles of the Parent Teacher Association (PTA in secondary schools inNigeria. The state of secondary schools in Nigeria suggests that there are still some problems facing the school inwhich the PTA had been found wanting. These include inadequate financial support of the PTA to the schools;lack of cooperation between the schools and the parents; inadequate supervision of schools among others. Thepaper therefore made some recommendations on how the roles of the PTA can be strengthened for bettercommunity participation in the provision of qualitative education at the secondary school level. These includegiving the PTA more involvement in educational financing; giving them more responsibilities in schooladministration; giving them direct labour for execution of school projects instead of giving to outsidecontractors.

Haastrup Timilehin Ekundayo

2012-08-01

236

The Transition of Wat Tham Krabok Hmong Children to Saint Paul Public Schools: Perspectives of Teachers, Principals, and Hmong Parents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In 2004, with the closing of the last Hmong refugee camp, Wat Tham Krabok, the latest group of Hmong refugees resettled to the US. To facilitate the language transition of approximately 1,000 school-aged newcomer Hmong children, the Saint Paul Public Schools, developed and established Transitional Language Centers. In this article, we examine the experiences and perspectives of principals, teachers and educational assistants who worked with newcomer Hmong children in the newly-established Transitional Language Centers and well-established Language Academy programs. We also elucidate the experiences of Hmong parents with the schools that served their children. Our research offers insights into the important work of the Transitional Language Centers as well as the need to better support newcomer Hmong parents.

Bic Ngo

2008-01-01

237

Students' perceptions of rewards for academic performance by parents and teachers: relations with achievement and motivation in college.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the present study, the authors examined college students' (N= 136) perceptions of the provision of extrinsic rewards given by parents and teachers for academic performance from elementary school through high school. They also examined the relations between reward history and present student motivational orientation. External rewards for students' grades were common at all levels of schooling. Reward history related significantly to students' motivational orientation and performance in college, and these relations were generally stronger for boys than for girls. The authors discuss implications of these findings. PMID:16910211

Davis, Kelly D; Winsler, Adam; Middleton, Michael

2006-06-01

238

REFLECTIONS ON THE FUNCTION OF REFERENCE LIBRARIAN IN THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION TRANSFER  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The assignment of the reference librarian of the university goes beyond its role as facilitator of information. Today he also works as an educator and promote training programs that teach students and researchers to standardize their academic-scientific works, as standards of the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (ABNT. This paper discusses the problem of standardization of academic and scientific work in the universities. The methodology consisted of the review of work Completion of Course Work (CCW. The task of reviewing the academic and scientific work, which would be easy at first, becomes complicated by the difficulty of working together with the teacher librarian and the lack of the teacher librarian is also an education professional standards and that the documentary exist to facilitate the transfer of scientific communication.

Cláudia Regina dos Anjos

2012-06-01

239

Economic Development Planning for Single Parents. Curriculum Materials for Vocational Teachers of Adolescents and Single Parents. Special Emphasis on Meeting the Needs of the Teen Parent.  

Science.gov (United States)

This guide is intended for use in school-based intervention programs intended to help single parents (particularly teenagers who are expecting or already have a child) master basic money management and consumer skills. The guide is divided into sections dealing with the following topics: interpersonal relationships, value clarification,…

Simpson, Kawanna J.; And Others

240

Dutch teachers and parents about overweight prevention in pre-vocational schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

Healthier lifestyles may contribute to prevent overweight in adolescents. Although school-based interventions show promising results, adoption and implementation by secondary schools and involvement of parents is difficult. Our study aims to gain a better understanding of the problem awareness and beliefs of school staff and parents regarding adolescents' overweight and energy balance-related behaviour, their motivation for health-promoting activities and suggested actions in the school environment. Focus group interviews were conducted with three groups of parents and three groups of school staff at three pre-vocational schools in the Netherlands. Comments concerning awareness, motivation to intervene and possible actions were analysed with the Atlas.ti program. Results showed that school staff and parents were aware of overweight as a health problem, but underestimated the prevalence and impact of overweight and unhealthy behaviour in their school. Health-related behaviour of adolescents was considered primarily the responsibility of parents, but the school staff also had a pedagogical responsibility. Parents and school staff agreed that health promotion efforts would have more impact on adolescents' behaviour, when school-based activities were supported by parents and parental efforts were supported by school health promotion. Therefore, parental efforts and school-based activities should be aligned by developing and expressing shared norms about healthy behaviour and parents should be taught how to discuss healthy dietary and physical activity behaviour with their children. To tackle peer group culture and the obese environment, parents' and school staff's efforts should be part of an integrated community approach. PMID:24047575

Ridder, M A M; Visscher, T L S; Hirasing, R A; Seidell, J C; Renders, C M

2014-03-01

 
 
 
 
241

Medical librarian 2.0.  

Science.gov (United States)

Web 2.0 refers to an emerging social environment that uses various tools to create, aggregate, and share dynamic content in ways that are more creative and interactive than transactions previously conducted on the Internet. The extension of this social environment to libraries, sometimes called Library 2.0, has profound implications for how librarians will work, collaborate, and deliver content. Medical librarians can connect with present and future generations of users by learning more about the social dynamics of Web 2.0's vast ecosystem, and incorporating some of its interactive tools and technologies (tagging, peer production, and syndication) into routine library practice. doi: 10.1300/J115v26n01_01. PMID:17210545

Connor, Elizabeth

2007-01-01

242

Facilitating the Effective Implementation of Evidence-Based Practices through Teacher-Parent Collaboration  

Science.gov (United States)

Evidence-based practices represent an important advance in how effective instructional practices are conceptualized and identified, which has the potential to improve the educational outcomes of children with disabilities. Because parents have unique insights and knowledge regarding their children, special educators should collaborate with parents

Cook, Bryan G.; Shepherd, Katharine G.; Cook, Sara Cothren; Cook, Lysandra

2012-01-01

243

Getting "Foolishly Hot and Bothered"? Parents and Teachers and Sex Education in the 1940s  

Science.gov (United States)

The reluctance of parents to provide sex education has been a problem for educators since the first attempts at the modernisation of sex education in the early twentieth century, yet the sexual needs, desires and fears of parents are rarely even mentioned in pedagogical debates. This article examines the intense anxiety and embarrassment felt by…

Cook, Hera

2012-01-01

244

Accidental Government Documents Librarian: A Review of Experiences and Training Needs of Interim Documents Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

The results of a survey to determine the training needs and normative experiences of temporary government documents librarians are presented. The results indicate that temporary librarians tend to work in academia, have been in librarianship for a shorter time period, and have fewer technical processing skills than permanent documents librarians.…

Yelinek, Kathryn; Hinchcliff, Marilou

2009-01-01

245

Implementing the Critical Friend Method for Peer Feedback among Teaching Librarians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – The role of the academic librarian has become increasingly educative innature. In this study, the critical friend method was introduced among teachinglibrarians in an academic setting of medicine and health sciences to ascertainwhether this approach could be implemented for feedback on teaching of theselibrarians as part of their professional development.Methods – We used a single intrinsic case study. Seven teaching librarians and one educator from the faculty of medicine participated, and they all provided and received feedback. These eight teachers worked in pairs, and each of them gave at least one lecture or seminar during the study period. The performance of one teacher and the associated classroom activities were observed by the critical friend and then evaluated and discussed. The outcome and effects of critical friendship were assessed by use of a questionnaire.Results – The present results suggest that use of the critical friend method among teaching academic librarians can have a positive impact by achieving the following: strengthening shared values concerning teaching issues; promoting self-reflection, which can improve teaching; facilitating communication with colleagues; and reducing the sense of “loneliness” in teaching. This conclusion is also supported by the findings of previous studies.Conclusion – The critical friend method described in this study can easily be implemented and developed among teaching librarians, provided that there is support from the organization. This will benefit the individual teaching librarian, as well as the organization at large.

Yvonne Hultman Özek

2012-12-01

246

Reuniões de pais na educação infantil: modos de gestão Parent teacher meetings in early childhood education: management styles  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O artigo discute a relação entre escolas e famílias no contexto da educação infantil por meio da análise de reuniões de pais. Fundamenta-se em um estudo de caso qualitativo sobre 11 reuniões, realizadas em duas escolas municipais de educação infantil paulistanas. Foram analisados os diferentes modos de gestão pelo professor, segundo três aspectos: forma (pauta, conteúdo (temas, dinâmica (relações entre professor e pais. Os resultados indicaram modos de gestão que dificultam a participação dos pais e descaracterizam os objetivos das reuniões: forma desorganizada e rígida; conteúdo burocrático e comportamental; dinâmica fragmentada e centralizada. Ao mesmo tempo, identificaram-se indicadores que favorecem a construção de uma relação mais cooperativa durante as reuniões, correspondentes aos modos de gestão: forma compartilhada, conteúdo educacional e dinâmica coletiva. Os autores destacam a necessidade de registro e de avaliação coletiva das reuniões de pais, visando à articulação com o projeto pedagógico, o currículo e a dimensão didáticaThe article discusses the relation between schools and families in the context of early childhood education through the analysis of parent teacher meetings. Case study of eleven meetings held in two public pre-schools of São Paulo city. The different ways of meeting management were analyzed according to three aspects: form (agenda of meeting, content (subject and dynamics (relationship between teachers and parents. The results indicated ways of management that hindrance parents participation and affect the objective of the meeting: disorganized and rigid forms; bureaucratic content; fragmented and centralized dynamics. There were also identified indicators that favor the construction of a more cooperative relationship during the meetings: shared management; educational content and group dynamics. The authors outline the necessity of record the meetings and assess its connection with the pedagogical project, the curriculum and the didactic dimension

Heloisa Helena Genovese de Oliveira Garcia

2011-04-01

247

Reuniões de pais na educação infantil: modos de gestão / Parent teacher meetings in early childhood education: management styles  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O artigo discute a relação entre escolas e famílias no contexto da educação infantil por meio da análise de reuniões de pais. Fundamenta-se em um estudo de caso qualitativo sobre 11 reuniões, realizadas em duas escolas municipais de educação infantil paulistanas. Foram analisados os diferentes modos [...] de gestão pelo professor, segundo três aspectos: forma (pauta), conteúdo (temas), dinâmica (relações entre professor e pais). Os resultados indicaram modos de gestão que dificultam a participação dos pais e descaracterizam os objetivos das reuniões: forma desorganizada e rígida; conteúdo burocrático e comportamental; dinâmica fragmentada e centralizada. Ao mesmo tempo, identificaram-se indicadores que favorecem a construção de uma relação mais cooperativa durante as reuniões, correspondentes aos modos de gestão: forma compartilhada, conteúdo educacional e dinâmica coletiva. Os autores destacam a necessidade de registro e de avaliação coletiva das reuniões de pais, visando à articulação com o projeto pedagógico, o currículo e a dimensão didática Abstract in english The article discusses the relation between schools and families in the context of early childhood education through the analysis of parent teacher meetings. Case study of eleven meetings held in two public pre-schools of São Paulo city. The different ways of meeting management were analyzed accordin [...] g to three aspects: form (agenda of meeting), content (subject) and dynamics (relationship between teachers and parents). The results indicated ways of management that hindrance parents participation and affect the objective of the meeting: disorganized and rigid forms; bureaucratic content; fragmented and centralized dynamics. There were also identified indicators that favor the construction of a more cooperative relationship during the meetings: shared management; educational content and group dynamics. The authors outline the necessity of record the meetings and assess its connection with the pedagogical project, the curriculum and the didactic dimension

Heloisa Helena Genovese de Oliveira, Garcia; Lino de, Macedo.

2011-04-01

248

Assessing Vocational Development in Prospective School Librarians. A Review of: Jones, S. (2010. The occupational choice of school librarians. Library Trends, 59(1-2, 166-187.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To explore the motivations for choosing school librarianship as a career.Design – Narrative research, qualitative interviews.Setting – The School Media program specialization in a Master of Library Science program at a large research university.Subjects – Five graduate school students seeking initial certification as school library media specialists.Methods – The researcher employed narrative research, based on career construction theory and the Life Story Interview, (McAdams, 1995. This methodology is a set of loosely-structured, open-ended questions designed to encourage detailed, in-depth responses from the participant teller, combined with a more structured Career Style Interview (Savickas, 2005 designed to elicit self-defining stories.Data was collected through qualitative interviews, using personal narrative interviews that focused on the entire life of each person from birth to present (Life Story Interviews and additional questions in an interview format (Career Style Interview.Data was collected and analyzed in two stages. The analysis first examined participants as individuals then tried to identify commonalities among the stories. Each life story was examined to determine a career style on the basis of vocational personality, career adaptability and life theme. The interview data was then analyzed for thematic connections and occupational choice. Main Results – The final analysis identified the following themes as relevant to the study, and to the career choices of graduate students planning to be school librarians: parental expectations; career changers; librarian mentors; prior library work experiences; reading; library experiences; altruism-service; desire to work with children; financial stability and security; flexibility of work schedule; emotional distance; and vocational personality.In general, the participants appear to value safe, traditional career choices that allow them to put family first and maintain a flexible work schedule, while also providing financial stability and security. Those who are already teachers noted interest in a job that provides relief and emotional distance from the everyday social problems of students. All five noted the “love of reading” as a motivation for choosing this career path.The vocational personality of each subject was determined through interpreting their answers on the Career Interest Surveys, using Holland Occupational Theme RIASEC codes: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. The vocational personality of all five students did not match the predominant code for school librarians. None exhibited a resemblance to the “enterprising” type, the most prominent personality for successful school librarians. All five did exhibit “artistic” vocational personality, and the researcher notes that this may be an explanation for the choice of librarianship as a second career, as artistic types take longer to find a compatible career match. The researcher also notes that the final code is a “best estimate” for each subject. Conclusion – Examining the vocational development of the five graduate students through vocational personality, career adaption and life theme afforded a broader viewpoint than traditional survey studies. The determining of vocational personality type may be helpful to recruitment efforts to the profession, and help make the career choice more visible.

Gayle Bogel

2011-01-01

249

SOME ASPECTS OF TEACHING MEDIA LITERACY TO PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN SLOVENIA FROM A PERCEPTION STANDPOINT OF TEACHERS AND PARENTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper deals with media literacy as a multidimensional skill that parents and teachers possess. In this context we warn of the media-technical aspect of this skill and, within this aspect, of parents’ and teachers’ opinion on the presence of media in children’s lives. Following that, the paper explores teachers’ media-didactic competence as a component of educators’ media literacy. In the empiric part we used two aspects of fostering media literacy. One is the media-technical competence of parents and educators, while the other is the media-didactic competence of educators. We found that both parents and teachers believe that media have a strong presence in everyday lives of pre-school children and that they play an important role in teaching pre-school children. Teachers are aware of the importance of early teaching with media, for media and about media with the purpose of developing children’s media literacy, so they will not be afraid of media when they grow up.

Jurka Lepi?nik Vodopivec

2011-11-01

250

For Parents, Teachers and Coaches: About Sports Eye Injury and Protective Eyewear  

Science.gov (United States)

... Research at NEI Education Programs Training and Jobs Sports and Your Eyes Sports and Your Eyes Sport- ... Protection Resources for Adults Resources for Children About Sports Eye Injury and Protective Eyewear Listen Parents and ...

251

Children's Home Computer Use: An Opportunity for Parent/Teacher Collaboration.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses frequently asked questions, presents common concerns, and gives suggestions for families and parents in five areas related to children's home computer use: (1) software selection; (2) computer time; (3) the Internet; (4) family interaction; and (5) supervision. (KB)

Haugland, Susan

1997-01-01

252

Teachers &  

... Teachers & Teacher Education SIG ? Australian Association for Environmental Education Home About Us National Executive Council Vision, Values & Objectives AAEE Biennial ...Conference 2014 Papers Submissions Reports Education for Sustainability Partnership Project Environmental Awards Publications Aust Jrnl of Environmental Ed AAEE Conference Papers ozEEnews Links & ...SIG Local Government SIG Marine Educators SIG Nature Educators SIG Research SIG Teachers & Teacher Education SIG Contact Us Join Us Donate Our Vision To connect ...through education to advance understandings and actions in relation to environmental and sustainability issues across all communities and education sectors. Teachers & Teacher Education SIG ...

253

Librarian's guide to online searching  

CERN Document Server

This is the third edition of one of the breakthrough books in the field of library and information science. No other text before it, or since, has provided such relevant, timely, and practical techniques for online research.Librarian's Guide to Online Searching, Third Edition explores the fundamentals of online searching, including database structure, searching tips, and plenty of exercises and questions for practice. This guide includes representative databases covering social sciences, science and medicine, bibliographic, humanities, and numerical data. The revised and updated edition of thi

Bell, Suzanne S

2012-01-01

254

Librarian Challenge: Reaching College Freshmen. Spotlight Feature  

Science.gov (United States)

Getting acclimated to campus life is overwhelming to most freshmen, making library orientation low on their priority list. The author teams up with two college librarians in action. Michael Pasqualoni, Instructional Services Librarian at Syracuse University Library, taught IST 200 last Fall. He relied on an arsenal of media tools to keep students…

Dopke-Wilson, MariRae

2007-01-01

255

Preparing Librarians to Serve Handicapped Individuals  

Science.gov (United States)

Librarians will need to have the skills to serve physically disabled persons as mainstreaming of handicapped students and employment of disabled workers increase their use of libraries. Results of a 1976 survey of library schools to determine which offer programs preparing librarians to serve disabled persons and the handicapped are reported.…

Gibson, Merrillyn C.

1977-01-01

256

Exploring the Stressors of New Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

This article describes the different stressors and anxieties facing new librarians. It also addresses the various ways that new librarians can cope with location, emotional, and work-related stressors. The article is broken into four different categories of stress; some stressors have been more explored than others. The research is based on an…

Larrivee, Anne

2014-01-01

257

Academic Librarians: Status, Privileges, and Rights  

Science.gov (United States)

Three surveys from the College and University Library Division (CULD) of the Arkansas Library Association (ArLA) from the past six years representing forty-four academic institutions were studied to determine the number of students per librarian on campus, salary, faculty status, contract-length, and maternity/paternity leave for librarians.…

Vix, Heidi M.; Buckman, Kathie M.

2012-01-01

258

Librarians' Attitudes towards Marketing Library Services  

Science.gov (United States)

This research set out to explore the attitudes of school, academic and public librarians towards marketing libraries. The main question that was examined is whether personality characteristics such as empowerment, extroversion and resistance to change influence librarians' attitudes towards the marketing of libraries. One hundred and fifty-six…

Aharony, Noa

2009-01-01

259

Open Access for Librarians in Developing Countries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The basics of open access are presented, as a starting point for discussion by librarians in developing countries. Open access is defined; resources for searching are presented, and resources for creating open access archives and publications. Policy development needed for open access is explained, along with what librarians in developing countries can do to promote open access.

Morrison, Heather

2006-01-01

260

Developing Managerial Skills in Children's Librarians.  

Science.gov (United States)

Argues that leadership and managerial skills should be developed in all librarians including children's librarians. The problems of developing managerial skills as a training function of the library organization are addressed and suggestions for an administrator planning such training are given. (EM)

Ivy, Barbara A.

1987-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Did Parents and Teachers Struggle with Child Survivors 20 Months after the 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami in Japan? A Retrospective Observational Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Background On March 11, 2011, Japan was struck by the earthquake and tsunami. Twenty months after the disaster, we collected information on the difficulties faced by parents and teachers in dealing with the post-traumatic symptoms of child survivors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between post-traumatic symptoms in children and parents’ and teachers’ difficulties in dealing with children who survived the huge disaster. Methods The subjects included 12,524 children from elementary, middle, and junior high schools in Ishinomaki City. The Post Traumatic Stress Symptoms for Children 15 items (PTSSC-15), a self-rating questionnaire on post-traumatic symptoms, was distributed among the children, and Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), a self-rating questionnaire on difficulties in dealing with children, was given to their parents and teachers. With PTSSC-15, a valid response was obtained from 10,909 (89.5%) participants. With SDQ for teachers and parents, valid responses were obtained from 10,577 (86.7%) and 7052 (83.9%) participants, respectively. Results PTSSC-15 scores were significantly higher (PSDQ scores and PTSSC-15 scores were significantly low (rSDQ scores assigned by parents (excluding “prosocial behavior”) and PTSSC-15 scores were significantly low (r<0.21, P<0.001) for both genders and at all school levels. Conclusion This study elucidated that the difficulties faced by parents and teachers while dealing with child survivors significantly low correlate with the child’s post-traumatic symptoms caused by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. Thus, it is important that clinicians should not only evaluate post-traumatic symptoms with a self-rating questionnaire but also try to objectively evaluate whether there were day-to-day difficulties caused by the post-traumatic symptoms. PMID:24805783

Usami, Masahide; Iwadare, Yoshitaka; Kodaira, Masaki; Watanabe, Kyota; Ushijima, Hirokage; Tanaka, Tetsuya; Harada, Maiko; Tanaka, Hiromi; Sasaki, Yoshinori; Saito, Kazuhiko

2014-01-01

262

(Re)Considering Normal: Queering Social Norms for Parents and Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Recent debates regarding same-sex marriage and gay and lesbian adoption highlight the role of schools as sociopolitical institutions. Accordingly, teachers operating within social norms have considerable influence through their interactions with students and their families. Previous research points to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT)…

Bower, Laura; Klecka, Cari

2009-01-01

263

Teacher's Handbook for Teaching and Working with Oriental Students and Their Parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

This handbook contains information about Asia and Asian Americans that is relevant to elementary and secondary school teachers who deal with this group. The first chapter focuses on the historical background and cultural characteristics of China, Japan, India, Korea, the Philippines, and Southeast Asia. The second chapter addresses the history of…

Yao, Esther Lee, Ed.

264

Multiple Intelligences of Chinese Gifted Students in Hong Kong: Perspectives from Students, Parents, Teachers, and Peers.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study assessed the profiles of eight intelligences of 133 gifted students from five perspectives based on their self-ratings and ratings by their mothers, fathers, teachers, and peers. Across different perspectives, logical-mathematical intelligence received the highest ratings whereas bodily-kinesthetic and naturalist intelligences received…

Chan, David W.

2004-01-01

265

Efectiveness of a coordination program directed to parents and teachers, dealing with the Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity in children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity is one of the most frequent disorders during childhood, and nowadays is one of the main reasons for the implication of different specialists.This is a quasi-experimental pretest/postest study aimed to determine the effectiveness of a program that coordinates the public health and education services with the families, lead by a nurse specialized in mental disorders and their treatments.The subjects under consideration are children between 6 and 12 with an Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, complying with the criteria for inclusion established in the protocol. To collect the information required, we are using the questionnaire in diagnosis criteria from WHO (CIE-10 and the questionnaire for teachers and parents DSM IV (CIE-10 and the one of the WHO (CIE-10.

Margarita Aragón Puertas

2010-09-01

266

Preferential Treatment or Unwanted in Mainstream Schools? The Perceptions of Parents and Teachers with Regards to Pupils with Special Educational Needs and Challenging Behaviour  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explored the perceptions of parents and teachers regarding the differential treatment or stigma experienced by pupils with challenging behaviour--more specifically, those with behavioural, emotional and social difficulties (BESD), as well as children with visible special educational needs (Down's syndrome and/or profound and multiple…

Broomhead, Karen E.

2013-01-01

267

Where Are the Adults? The Attitudes of Parents, Teachers, Clergy, Coaches, and Youth Workers on Teen Pregnancy. A Focus Group Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

In 1997, the National Campaign To Prevent Teen Pregnancy convened nine focus groups of parents of teens and other adults who work with teens such as teachers, clergy, coaches, youth recreation specialists, youth-serving organization staff, and community outreach workers. This report publishes the results of these focus groups, which involved 57…

National Campaign To Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Washington, DC.

268

Parent-Teacher Agreement and Reliability on the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA) in English and Spanish for Ethnically Diverse Children Living in Poverty  

Science.gov (United States)

Research Findings: Social-emotional competence is especially important for children living in poverty, and effective assessment of social-emotional skills is critical. This study examined parent-teacher agreement and reliability of the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA; P. A. LeBuffe & J. A. Naglieri, 1999) English and Spanish forms in a…

Crane, Jennifer; Mincic, Melissa S.; Winsler, Adam

2011-01-01

269

Parent-Teacher Concordance and Gender Differences in Behavioral Ratings of Social Skills and Social-Emotional Problems of Primary-Age Children with Disabilities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Analysis of social competence and problem behaviors for 164 special education students in grades K-3, using the Social Skills Rating System, found weak to moderate relationships between parents' and teachers' ratings. Gender comparisons revealed mixed findings. Results provide evidence for the instrument's convergent validity and suggest that…

Merrell, Kenneth W.; Popinga, Monique R.

1994-01-01

270

Children's Fears of War and Terrorism: A Resource for Teachers and Parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Noting that children in every corner of the planet are affected by war or the threat of war, this booklet for parents and early childhood educators provides an introduction to children's fears concerning armed conflict and terrorist attacks and offers strategies for helping children work through their fears. The chapters are as follows: (1) "An…

Moses, Lisa F.; Aldridge, Jerry; Cellitti, Anarella; McCorquodale, Gwenyth

271

Creating a Charter School to Meet Students', Teachers', and Parents' Needs  

Science.gov (United States)

During the King Center Charter School's five years of existence, the school has evolved into a unique 21st century laboratory school, soliciting meaningful parental involvement to help close the achievement gap for the students. As indicated, students' academic achievement and social/ emotional competency have increased over the years. This…

Massey, Claity P.; Szente, Judit; Stewart, Carol A.

2005-01-01

272

Guiding the Gifted Child: A Practical Source for Parents and Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

The book addresses common concerns of parents regarding the emotional needs of gifted children. Chapter I gives an overview of giftedness along with underlying myths and stereotypes that exist about gifted childre. Chapters II through XII focus on specific characteristics, frequently occurring problems, and particular suggestions for modifying…

Webb, James T.; And Others

273

Perception of body size among Mexican teachers and parents / Percepción del tamaño corporal en profesores y padres mexicanos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish La obesidad en México ha alcanzado proporciones epidérmicas: la imagen corporal y la satisfacción con el cuerpo de uno mismo podrían tener un componente cultural. La insatisfacción con el cuerpo de uno mismo se ha relacionado con auto-estima baja. El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar, entre los [...] profesores y padres mexicanos, el rango de percepción del tamaño corporal ideal de adultos, niños y niñas. Doscientos cinco profesores y ochenta padres de colegios de Tijuana y Tecate participaron en el estudio. Se pidió a los participantes que indicasen el tamaño corporal ideal para cada grupo, así como su propio tamaño corporal ideal. La percepción promedio del peso corporal ideal para adultos de entre 35 y 45 años de edad fue 4,0 ± 0,84. La percepción ideal para niños y niñas fue 4,6. Se observaron correlaciones positivas entre la auto-percepción del tamaño corporal y el índice de masa corporal (0,62, P Abstract in english Obesity in Mexico has reached epidemic proportions; and body image and body satisfaction might be culturally related. Body dissatisfaction has been related to low self-esteem. The aim of this study was to assess the range of perception among Mexican teachers and parents of the ideal body size of adu [...] lts, boys and girls. Two-hundred and five teachers and eighty parents from Tijuana and Tecate schools participated in the study. Participants were asked to indicate the ideal body size for each group, as well as their own ideal body size. Average perception of ideal body weight for adults 35 to 45 years of age was 4.0 ± 0.84. Average perception for boys and girls was 4.6. Positive correlations were shown between self-perception of body size and body mass index (0.62, P

A., Jiménez-Cruz; M., Bacardí-Gascón; A., Castellón-Zaragoza; J.L., García-Gallardo; M., Hovell.

274

Parental involvement  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Parent-Teacher Associations and other community groups can play a significant role in helping to establish and run refugee schools; their involvement can also help refugee adults adjust to their changed circumstances.

Ezra S Simon

2005-01-01

275

K-12 Students, Teachers, Parents, Administrators and Higher Education Faculty: Partners Helping Rural Disadvantaged Students Stay on the Pathway to a Geoscience Career  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Science Foundation funded project K-12 Students, Teachers, Parents, Administrators and Higher Education Faculty: Partners Helping Rural Disadvantaged Students Stay on the Pathway to a Geoscience Career is a research-based proof of concept track 1 pilot project that tests the effectiveness of an innovative model for simultaneous K-12 teacher professional development, student learning and workforce development. The project builds a network of science experiences designed to keep eighth and ninth grade students from the Ripley, Union, Lewis, Huntington (RULH) Ohio school district on the path to a geoscience career. During each summer of the ongoing two-year project teams of RULH students, parents, teachers, administrators and college faculty traveled to the facilities of the New Jersey Sea Grant Consortium at Sandy Hook, New Jersey to study science from an Earth system perspective. Teachers had the opportunity to engage in professional development alongside their students. Parents participated in the science activities alongside their children. Administrators interacted with students, parents and their teachers and saw them all learning science in an engaging, collaborative setting. During the first academic year of the project professional development was provided to RULH teachers by a team of university scientists and geoscience educators from the Earth System Science Education Alliance (ESSEA), a National Science Foundation funded project. Teachers selected for professional development were from science disciplines, mathematics, language arts and civics. The teachers selected, taught and assessed ESSEA Earth system science modules to all eighth and ninth grade students, not just those that were selected to go on the summer trips to New Jersey. In addition, all ninth grade RULH students had the opportunity to take a course that includes Earth system science concepts that will earn them both high school and college science credits. Professional development will continue through the 2013-2014 academic year. Formative assessment of the ongoing project indicates that students, teachers, parents and school administrators rank their experiences highly and that students are motivated to continue on the path to geoscience careers.

Slattery, W.; Antonucci, C.; Myers, R. J.

2013-12-01

276

Medizinbibliothekarische Bibliographie 2004 / The Medical Librarian's Bibliography 2004  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Medical Librarian’s Bibliography 2004 lists all articles from medizin - bibliothek - information and selected publications relevant to medical librarians from following journals: ABI Technik, Bibliothek Forschung & Praxis, Bibliotheksdienst, Biblos, BIT online, Mitteilungen der Vereinigung Österreichischer Bibliothekarinnen und Bibliothekare, Newsletter to European Health Librarians, nfd, Online Mitteilungen, Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen & Bibliographie.

Bauer, Bruno

2005-12-01

277

The Graying of Academic Librarians: Crisis or Revolution?  

Science.gov (United States)

This article analyzes the aging of academic librarians and the potential shortage of librarians to replace those who are retiring. Recent statistics indicate that the exodus of retiring librarians may not be as severe as predicted several years ago. Recent articles show potential benefits as new librarians enter the workforce in large numbers to…

Edge, John; Green, Ravonne

2011-01-01

278

Faculty Perceptions of Librarians at the University of Manitoba.  

Science.gov (United States)

Responses to a questionnaire exploring faculty perceptions of academic librarians on campus are analyzed in terms of faculty-librarian contacts, usefulness of librarians, importance of academic subject background, and status. Results indicate that librarians are seen as professionals with a service function rather than as full-fledged academic…

Divay, Gaby; And Others

1987-01-01

279

ROLE OF EXPERIENCE OF SUBJECTIVE INTERRELATIONS OF THE CHILD WITH THE PARENT AND THE TEACHER IN FORMATION OF THE LANGUAGE COMPETENCE  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Studying of role of «the parent – the child» and «the teacher – the child» generalities, developing as the collective subject, in formation of the language competence of the senior preschooler is the research purpose. Research is executed in a paradigm of the subject-activity approach. The Heidelbergtest of the child language development was applied to studying of the language competence. Experimental procedure of diagnostics of language learning and its results with use of the Vygotskian principle of a zone of the proximal development is offered. Procedure allows to form a generality «the teacher – the child» as the collective subject. For studying of a child-parental generality as collective subject the special methodical complex consisting of seven techniques was used.Essential component of structure of child-parental relations is formation of collective subject «parent – child» with the style of parental relation «the indulging hyperpatronage». This generality positively causes development of speech-linguistic competence spheres. The collective subject «the teacher – the child», generated on the basis of realization of a principle of a zone of the proximal development, allows to create psychological-pedagogical conditions for adequate learning diagnostics and, simultaneously, for achievement of high level language competence. Experience of the subject-subject interrelations with the parent is the precondition of formation the subject-subject interrelations with the teacher in a situation of formation of the language competence.Results can be used for the organization and carrying out of correction-preventive work on formation optimum sociocultural situation of child development for formation of the language competence of the senior preschool child.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-8-30

Dmitry Nikolayevich Chernov

2013-09-01

280

How Teachers and Parents Can Help Elementary School Students with Math LD  

Science.gov (United States)

This brief article by Dr. Berch provides some suggestions for parents who may be noticing that their child is struggling with early mathematics. The article contains links to other articles that may be of assistance with engaging your child in early math activities at home. There is also a related resource, "Math LD: Identifying Basic Number Processing Difficulties" by Dr. Berch, that is cataloged separately in our database and provides a more indepth look at what math learning disabilities may look like.

Berch, Daniel B.

2012-05-17

 
 
 
 
281

New directions for academic liaison librarians  

CERN Document Server

Aimed at practitioners and students of librarianship, this book is about interesting and unusual practical projects currently being run by academic liaison librarians. It shows how liaison librarians can extend their roles beyond the established one of information literacy teaching and showcases areas in which they can engage in collaborative ventures with academic and administrative staff. Designed to excite and inspire, New Directions for Academic Liaison Librarians demonstrates the potential of the liaison role and emphasises the need for flexibility, imagination and initiative in those who

Crawford, Alice

2012-01-01

282

Employment, training and career of school librarians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article describes the legal basis for the employment, professional training and promotion of librarians working in school libraries. The author calls attention to the deficiencies of legislation and to the need for cooperative efforts of the representatives of the Faculty of Arts, Department of Librarianship, Association of Library Societies, Advisory Committee on School Libraries and other organizations in the planning of training and career development of school librarians.The existing legislation should be complemented, an analysis of the necessary professional training for elementary and high school librarians carried out, and their training in librarianship, information sciences, pedagogy, didactics, and cognitive psychology should be planned in harmonization.

Francka Žumer

1998-01-01

283

Manuel Sanchez: Librarian behind the Lines.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes the activities and achievements of Manuel Sanchez, a librarian who went undercover for the Library of Congress during World War II to obtain books, maps, and documents essential for victory in Europe. (CLB)

Wagner, Ralph D.

1989-01-01

284

"Mediator": A New Role for AV Librarians.  

Science.gov (United States)

Suggests reference tools and resources which can be used by reference librarians to help patrons locate information pertaining to the mass media, including films (cinema), television, radio; and archives of tape, film stock, production documentation; and script materials. (LLS)

Allen, Nancy

1981-01-01

285

What do Data Services Librarians Do?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available JESLIB Editor Elaine R. Martin introduces the articles in Volume 1, Issue 3 and discusses how these papers demonstrate many of the data services librarians can offer to the research community.

Elaine R. Martin

2012-01-01

286

Time and project management strategies for librarians  

CERN Document Server

As budgets for libraries continue to shrink, the key challenge facing the 21st century librarian is finding how to do more with less. This book features more than thirty essays that provide valuable tips for the professional who must cope with increasing demands upon their resources. Librarians will get tips on how to identify the most important tasks for the library; eliminate non-essential functions and processes; increase reliance on volunteers, interns, and students; optimize daily routines; and more.

Smallwood, Carol; Fraser, Lisa

2013-01-01

287

Health sciences librarian as an adult trainer  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The role of the health sciences librarian as it is shaped by the socio-economic conditions, technological developments and specific information needs of health professionals requires knowledge, skills and attitudes combined with communication skills, management and leadership abilities. The modern health sciences librarian seems to be “borrowing" features from the adult qualified instructor who constantly has to adopt roles in a dynamic learning process, and depending on the circumstanc...

Tsalapatani, Eirini; Kalogeraki, Eleni

2011-01-01

288

Perception of body size among Mexican teachers and parents Percepción del tamaño corporal en profesores y padres mexicanos  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Obesity in Mexico has reached epidemic proportions; and body image and body satisfaction might be culturally related. Body dissatisfaction has been related to low self-esteem. The aim of this study was to assess the range of perception among Mexican teachers and parents of the ideal body size of adults, boys and girls. Two-hundred and five teachers and eighty parents from Tijuana and Tecate schools participated in the study. Participants were asked to indicate the ideal body size for each group, as well as their own ideal body size. Average perception of ideal body weight for adults 35 to 45 years of age was 4.0 ± 0.84. Average perception for boys and girls was 4.6. Positive correlations were shown between self-perception of body size and body mass index (0.62, P La obesidad en México ha alcanzado proporciones epidérmicas: la imagen corporal y la satisfacción con el cuerpo de uno mismo podrían tener un componente cultural. La insatisfacción con el cuerpo de uno mismo se ha relacionado con auto-estima baja. El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar, entre los profesores y padres mexicanos, el rango de percepción del tamaño corporal ideal de adultos, niños y niñas. Doscientos cinco profesores y ochenta padres de colegios de Tijuana y Tecate participaron en el estudio. Se pidió a los participantes que indicasen el tamaño corporal ideal para cada grupo, así como su propio tamaño corporal ideal. La percepción promedio del peso corporal ideal para adultos de entre 35 y 45 años de edad fue 4,0 ± 0,84. La percepción ideal para niños y niñas fue 4,6. Se observaron correlaciones positivas entre la auto-percepción del tamaño corporal y el índice de masa corporal (0,62, P < 0,001, y la circunferencia de la cintura (0,55, P < 0,001. La auto-percepción del tamaño corporal se asoció con la percepción del tamaño corporal ideal para los niños (0,23, P < 0,001 y las niñas (0,22, P < 0,001, pero el IMC no se asoció con la percepción del tamaño corporal ideal en niños y niñas. Esto sugiere que se debería enseñar a los profesores y padres a evaluar de una forma más precisa el estado de peso e iniciar una acción preventiva o corregir el exceso de peso en niños y adultos.

A. Jiménez-Cruz

2007-10-01

289

Collegial Librarians: The Faculty-Librarian-Student Partnership in Distance Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Distance librarians working with graduate programs often discover many of their students have specialized information needs and require additional instruction. However, it can be impossible to discover these students without first becoming deeply involved with the program. Librarians at Benedictine University have developed a method for becoming…

Carrico, Kent; Neff, Ariel

2012-01-01

290

"Librarian's Anxiety"? How Community College Librarians Feel about Their Reference Desk Service  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of community college librarians in California reveals that the nature of reference service required of them, limitations on budget, staffing, technical support, resources, decision-making ability, and professional development opportunities, affect their professional attitudes. Librarians see reference service as primarily a teaching role.…

Powers, Anne

2010-01-01

291

The validity, reliability and normative scores of the parent, teacher and self report versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in China  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ has become one of the most widely used measurement tools in child and adolescent mental health work across the globe. The SDQ was originally developed and validated within the UK and whilst its reliability and validity have been replicated in several countries important cross cultural issues have been raised. We describe normative data, reliability and validity of the Chinese translation of the SDQ (parent, teacher and self report versions in a large group of children from Shanghai. Methods The SDQ was administered to the parents and teachers of students from 12 of Shanghai's 19 districts, aged between 3 and 17 years old, and to those young people aged between 11 and 17 years. Retest data was collected from parents and teachers for 45 students six weeks later. Data was analysed to describe normative scores, bandings and cut-offs for normal, borderline and abnormal scores. Reliability was assessed from analyses of internal consistency, inter-rater agreement, and temporal stability. Structural validity, convergent and discriminant validity were assessed. Results Full parent and teacher data was available for 1965 subjects and self report data for 690 subjects. Normative data for this Chinese urban population with bandings and cut-offs for borderline and abnormal scores are described. Principle components analysis indicates partial agreement with the original five factored subscale structure however this appears to hold more strongly for the Prosocial Behaviour, Hyperactivity – Inattention and Emotional Symptoms subscales than for Conduct Problems and Peer Problems. Internal consistency as measured by Cronbach's ? coefficient were generally low ranging between 0.30 and 0.83 with only parent and teacher Hyperactivity – Inattention and teacher Prosocial Behaviour subscales having ? > 0.7. Inter-rater correlations were similar to those reported previously (range 0.23 – 0.49 whilst test retest reliability was generally lower than would be expected (range 0.40 – 0.79. Convergent and discriminant validity are supported. Conclusion We report mixed findings with respect the psychometric properties of the Chinese translation of the SDQ. Reliability is a particular concern particularly for Peer Problems and self ratings by adolescents. There is good support for convergent validity but only partial support for structural validity. It may be possible to resolve some of these issues by carefully examining the wording and meaning of some of the current questions.

Coghill David

2008-04-01

292

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder blame game: a study on the positioning of professionals, teachers and parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder is currently the most debated childhood psychiatric diagnosis. Given the circulation of competing perspectives about the 'real' causes of children's behaviour and the 'best' way to treat them, we aim to analyse the interactions of the central social actors' discourses about attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder children within the Italian context. Adopting a multi-method approach, we focus on the polyphonic chorus of voices surrounding the child, studying the discourses of mental health professionals, teachers and parents. These actors are representative of three contexts that are deeply engaged with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: medical institutions, schools and families. Our theoretical and methodological approach integrates positioning theory, the Bakhtinian notion of dialogical thinking and discourse analysis to study stakeholders' reflexive and interactive positioning in terms of the attribution of rights, duties, responsibilities and power issues. The results show that mutual blame is a constitutive element of relational dynamics among the key adults surrounding attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder children. We argue that these conflicting relationships are not merely related to the debate regarding the validity of the attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder diagnosis. Rather, the mutual blame centres on questions of compliance, recognition of authority and morality. Through the blame game, adults negotiate their own and others' subjectivity in ways that simultaneously (re)produce power relationships and resistance efforts. PMID:23413098

Frigerio, Alessandra; Montali, Lorenzo; Fine, Michelle

2013-11-01

293

Parental support, self-concept, motivational orientaions and teacher-student relationship, and academic competnece: an exploratory analysis  

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Full Text Available This study examined the relationship among academic competence, Grade Point Averages (GPAs and factors responsible for students’ academic competence. A four factored questionnaire administered to a nationally representative sample of 100 graduate and post-graduate students to find out the factors responsible for academic competence. In addition, The Academic Competence Evaluation Scale (ACES-College applied for calculating the academic competence. Significant and positive correlations are found between factors affecting academic competence, GPAs and academic competence. Students’ scores on the ACES and their GPAs provided significant evidence to support the idea that the factors such as parental support, clearer self-concept, positive teacher-student relationship and strong motivational orientations are correlated with their GPAs at low magnitude and; academic competence with high ratings. It is concluded that students with stronger presence of these factors have better academic competence than their peers at graduate and post-graduate level. An integrated framework that is related to students’ academic competence and that promotes other related factors is suggested.

Muhammad Tariq Bhatti

2011-12-01

294

Willingness to use ADHD treatments: a mixed methods study of perceptions by adolescents, parents, health professionals and teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Little is known about factors that influence willingness to engage in treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). From 2007 to 2008, in the context of a longitudinal study assessing ADHD detection and service use in the United States, we simultaneously elicited ADHD treatment perceptions from four stakeholder groups: adolescents, parents, health care professionals and teachers. We assessed their willingness to use ADHD interventions and views of potential undesirable effects of two pharmacological (short- and long-acting ADHD medications) and three psychosocial (ADHD education, behavior therapy, and counseling) treatments. In multiple regression analysis, willingness was found to be significantly related to respondent type (lower for adolescents than adults), feeling knowledgeable, and considering treatments acceptable and helpful, but not significantly associated with stigma/embarrassment, respondent race, gender and socioeconomic status. Because conceptual models of undesirable effects are underdeveloped, we used grounded theory method to analyze open-ended survey responses to the question: "What other undesirable effects are you concerned about?" We identified general negative treatment perceptions (dislike, burden, perceived ineffectiveness) and specific undesirable effect expectations (physiological and psychological side effects, stigma and future dependence on drugs or therapies) for pharmacological and psychosocial treatments. In summary, findings indicate significant discrepancies between teens' and adults' willingness to use common ADHD interventions, with low teen willingness for any treatments. Results highlight the need to develop better treatment engagement practices for adolescents with ADHD. PMID:22133584

Bussing, Regina; Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka; Noguchi, Kenji; Mason, Dana; Mayerson, Gillian; Garvan, Cynthia W

2012-01-01

295

Book Review: Teens, librarians, and social networking: What librarians need to know?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This book is a collection of wide-ranging, informative and provocative chapters discussing the use of social networks to serve teens, both online and in the library. Comprehensive surveys on this topic are being discussed in this series. The application of social networks is a new era for library services to young adults. Social networking tools are the doorway into their worlds, and the library can use these tools to become a wide-open portal for greater educational opportunities. The aim of this book is to support the belief that teens should be served by libraries in the best ways possible, and social networks may be useful tools to deliver these services to teens. The editors and contributors explain the reasons why so many teens use social networking tools and offer suggestions as to how best to use them to serve teens. They also examine issues of critical concerns to librarians and parents, such as safety and privacy issues, and study the social and educational benefits of online social networking. The book is organized into 12 chapters with a series forward and introduction, a comprehensive table of contents, references, a list of useful websites at the end of each chapter, an index and finally a section on the editors and contributors.

Elaheh Hossseini

2012-12-01

296

Getting Along with Your Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

... your teacher is very knowledgeable. Focus on that part of the teacher's personality, and use it as ... it to your parents, your guidance counselor, another teacher, the school principal, or an administrator. Teachers are there for ...

297

Shut up! :social inclusion of children with intellectual disabilities in Ghana :an empirical study of how parents and teachers experience socialinclusion [i.e. social inclusion] of children with intellectual disabilities  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study is to understand social inclusion for children with intellectual disabilities from the perspectives of parents and teachers. The specific context is to understand the inclusion of these children through meaningful participation in social activities. In-depth interviews were held with six biological parents of children with intellectual disabilities and six teachers who teach children with intellectual disabilities to explore their experiences on contexts that enhanc...

Hervie, Vyda Mamley

2013-01-01

298

Involving Today's Parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents the attempts of four teachers to get parents involved in and excited about school music. Includes a description of a school concert that included a performance by band parents; parents clubs for orchestra, band, or choral groups; newsletters; and a band class in which parents learned to play their child's instrument. (DK)

Music Educators Journal, 1992

1992-01-01

299

Copyright for librarians the essential handbook  

CERN Document Server

"Copyright for Librarians" (CFL) is an online open curriculum on copyright law that was developed jointly with Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society. Re-designed as a brand new textbook, "Copyright for Librarians: the essential handbook" can be used as a stand-alone resource or as an adjunct to the online version which contains additional links and references for students who wish to pursue any topic in greater depth. Delve into copyright theory or explore enforcement. With a new index and a handy Glossary, the Handbook is essential reading for librarians who want to hone their skills in 2013, and for anyone learning about or teaching copyright law in the information field.

Berkman Center for Internet and Society

2012-01-01

300

XML for catalogers and metadata librarians  

CERN Document Server

How are today's librarians to manage and describe the everexpanding volumes of resources, in both digital and print formats? The use of XML in cataloging and metadata workflows can improve metadata quality, the consistency of cataloging workflows, and adherence to standards. This book is intended to enable current and future catalogers and metadata librarians to progress beyond a bare surfacelevel acquaintance with XML, thereby enabling them to integrate XML technologies more fully into their cataloging workflows. Building on the wealth of work on library descriptive practices, cataloging, and metadata, XML for Catalogers and Metadata Librarians explores the use of XML to serialize, process, share, and manage library catalog and metadata records. The authors' expert treatment of the topic is written to be accessible to those with little or no prior practical knowledge of or experience with how XML is used. Readers will gain an educated appreciation of the nuances of XML and grasp the benefit of more advanced ...

Cole, Timothy W

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

A Qualitative Study of Librarian’s Negative Emotions in Taiwan  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Literature in emotional management has considered that emotions of employees may have important organizational implications. In librarianship, emotions also play an important role in affecting librarians’ attitude to patrons and in turn his/her job performance. Yet the exploration of emotion has not been much studied in Taiwan’s librarianship. Hence, the purpose of this study is trying to explore librarians’ perception and causes of negative emotions in the library settings in Taiwan. The result indicates that librarians in Taiwan experience significant levels of negative emotions, and interpersonal relationship appears as one of the most important causes.[Article content in Chinese

Su-May Sheih Chen

2003-09-01

302

Librarian Status at US Research Universities: Extending the Typology  

Science.gov (United States)

A typology of librarian status developed for land grant universities is extended to US research universities. Land grant librarians are tenure-track faculty in 70% of institutions. Librarians in the expanded population have that status slightly more than half the time. Institution size, geographic region, and public/private governance are…

Bolin, Mary K.

2008-01-01

303

A Study Analyzing the Career Path of Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

This study aims to identify the career movement patterns of librarians, analyze factors influencing their career movements, and compare differences in such factors between librarians and chief librarians. Findings showed that the jobs with the highest retention rate were those in public libraries, that library automation system developers showed…

Noh, Younghee

2010-01-01

304

School Librarians Teach Subject Area 10: Computer and Information Sciences  

Science.gov (United States)

School librarians currently speak about school libraries as the largest classroom in the building. If so, how can these librarians describe what they teach? This article explains the user-centered instructional role of secondary school librarians in teaching information and technology literacy skills, as well as how they can authoritatively ensure…

Dow, Mirah J. Ingram

2010-01-01

305

Playing to Win: Embedded Librarians in Online Classrooms  

Science.gov (United States)

The essay presents a quasi-case study of one academic librarian's experience as an embedded librarian in multiple online courses over a five-year period. Technology used included chat, email, and a librarian question-and-answer bulletin board inside an eCollege course management system, and a dedicated-use ElluminateLive! virtual training room for…

Hawes, Sandra Lee

2011-01-01

306

Solo Librarians and Intellectual Freedom: Perspectives from the Field  

Science.gov (United States)

As schools across the country face increasing fiscal restraints, school library professional positions are being eliminated at an alarming rate. As a result, many school librarians are becoming the only certified library professional in a district, serving multiple schools and grade levels. Suddenly, each is a solo librarian. As a solo librarian

Adams, Helen R.

2011-01-01

307

Awareness and Practice of Professional Ethics amongst Librarians in Nigeria  

Science.gov (United States)

This study is focused on the awareness and practicability of Librarianship ethics amongst librarians. Survey questionnaire was designed to identify the degree of awareness of librarianship ethics amongst librarians in Nigeria, whether the ethics are feasible and being utilized by librarians in their day to day library management, and to find out…

Igbeka, J. U.; Okoroma, F. N.

2013-01-01

308

Medizinbibliothekarische Bibliographie 2005 / The Medical Librarian's Bibliography 2005  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Medical Librarian’s Bibliography 2005 lists all articles from medizin - bibliothek - information and selected publications relevant to medical librarians from following journals: ABI Technik, Bibliothek Forschung & Praxis, Bibliotheksdienst, BIT online, Journal of the European Association for Health Information and Libraries, Mitteilungen der Vereinigung Österreichischer Bibliothekarinnen und Bibliothekare, nfd, Online Mitteilungen, Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen & Bibliographie.

Bauer, Bruno

2006-09-01

309

Comportamiento Socialmente Responsable en Profesores y Facilitación de la Participación de los Apoderados en el Proceso Enseñanza-Aprendizaje / Teachers' Social Responsible Behavior and the Facilitation of the Parents Involvement in Their Children's Teaching-Learning Process  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Con el fin de describir la autoatribución de conductas e intenciones socialmente responsables en profesores de enseñanza básica y su relación con el grado en que los padres los perciben como facilitadores de su participación en el proceso enseñanza-aprendizaje de sus hijos, se encuestó a 32 profesor [...] es y 628 apoderados. Para esto se aplicó el Cuestionario de Autoatribución de Comportamientos Socialmente Responsables (CSRp) a los profesores y una encuesta de percepción del profesor a los padres. Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas en ambas escalas del CSRp, los que apuntarían a la importancia de relaciones horizontales e intenciones colectivistas para facilitar participación de los padres. Abstract in english The aim of the present study is to describe the primary school teachers' social responsible behavior self-atribution, and its relation with the teachers' perceived facilitation level of parents involvement in their children's teaching-learning process. The Social Responsible Behavior Self-atribution [...] Survey (CSRp) were applied to 32 teachers and a Parents' Perception of Teachers Survey were used with 628 parents. Significant differences in the parents perception were found associated with the both scales of the CSRp. The resulting outcomes suggests the importance of a teacher-parent's horizontal relations and collectives intentions to facilitate the parents involvement.

Gracia, Navarro; Cristhian, Pérez; Angélica, González; Olga, Mora; Jorge, Jiménez.

2005-11-01

310

Copyright Solutions for Institutional Repositories: A Collaboration With Subject Librarians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This work investigates using subject librarians to conduct copyright clearance in an institutional repository (IR. At Utah State University, the library assures copyright clearance for faculty scholarship, thereby garnering input of faculty scholarship into the IR. Currently, subject librarians are not widely participating in routine IR work; however, the involvement of subject librarians with the IR offers benefits to the subject librarians and the institution as a whole. This article provides a model for institutions needing new solutions for copyright clearance using subject librarians and discusses the rationale, benefits and challenges of adopting this model.

Heather Leary

2012-01-01

311

Distance Learning Librarians: Their Shared Vision  

Science.gov (United States)

Shared vision is a component of leadership that fosters innovation through buy-in at all levels of the organization. At times, people see a need for innovation but do not have the power to make changes on their own. Many librarians in academic institutions that were early adopters of distance learning envisioned a need for new services that were…

Casey, Anne Marie

2009-01-01

312

Marketing mix for librarians and information professionals  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper covers the explanation of marketing mix for librarians and information professionals and the nature of the elements of the marketing mix. It discusses the traditional issues arising from the marketing mix and issues which are more appropriate for libraries and information services.

Mimutie Moikan Mollel

2013-09-01

313

A Question of Degrees for Academic Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

Certain colleges and universities require that their academic librarians have an additional advanced subject degree for either being eligible for hire or for continued employment. This paper reviews this topic and examines how using metaphors may help the field of librarianship make sound decisions on this controversial topic.

Wyss, Paul Alan

2008-01-01

314

Life After Liberation: Retirement Planning for Librarians.  

Science.gov (United States)

Relates responses of 69 librarians ranging in age from 39 to 84 to a two-page questionnaire concerning retirement planning. Personal experiences, financial concerns, continuing professional connections, alternative options, and the trauma and joys of retirement are noted. A 33-item bibliography is included. (EJS)

Pearson, Lois R.

1983-01-01

315

Nivel de Conocimiento sobre Pasta Dental Fluorada en Padres y Profesores de Preescolares / Level of Knowledge about Fluoride Toothpaste in Parents and Teachers from Preschool Children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish : El objetivo del estudio fue determinar el nivel de conocimiento sobre pasta dental fluorada según la fuente de información sobre flúor en padres y profesores de preescolares. Se aplicó un cuestionario a una muestra representativa de padres y a todos los profesores de preescolares de instituciones [...] educativas iniciales estatales del distrito de la Molina, Lima, Perú. El nivel de conocimiento se categorizó en tres niveles: bajo (0-2 puntos), medio (3-5 puntos) y alto (67 puntos). Se utilizó tablas de distribución de frecuencias para el análisis univariado y las pruebas chi cuadrado y exacta de Fisher para el análisis bivariado. El nivel de conocimiento sobre pasta dental fluorada más frecuente fue el nivel medio tanto en los padres (n=68, 45 %) como en los profesores (n=52, 58,4 %). El ítem: el cepillado de dientes con pasta dental con flúor puede curar la caries inicial, presentó el menor número de aciertos en su respuesta con 50 (33,1 %) y 19 (21,4 %) padres y profesores respectivamente. Cuando se relacionó el nivel de conocimiento con las fuentes de información sobre flúor se encontró que en el caso de los padres, la charla educativa (p=0,014) y el dentista (p=0,003) estaban asociados, mientras que en el caso de los profesores, solo se halló asociación estadísticamente significativa con la charla educativa (p=0,013). El nivel predominante de conocimientos sobre pasta fluorada en los padres y profesores fue el nivel medio y estuvo asociada al dentista y la charla educativa como fuentes principales de información. Abstract in english The study aimed to determine the level of knowledge about fluoride toothpaste based on the fluoride source for parents and teachers from preschool children. A questionnaire was applied in a representative sample of parents and all teachers working at preschool educational state institutions in the M [...] olina district, Lima, Perú. The level of knowledge was classified into three levels: low (0-2 points), medium (3-5 points) and high (6-7 points). We used frequency distribution tables for the univariate analisys, the chi square test and Fisher exact test for the bivariate analisys. The most frequent level of knowledge about fluoride toothpaste was medium level in both, parents (n = 68, 45%) and teachers (n = 52, 58.4%). The item: brushing teeth with fluoride toothpaste can cure the initial decay, obtained (had) the lowest number of correct response 50 (33.1%) and 19 (21.4%) parents and teachers respectively. It was found that the level of knowledge related to sources of information about fluoride is in the case of parents, educational talk (p = 0.014) and the dentist (p = 0.003) were associated, whereas in the case of teachers, only statistically significant association was found with the educational talk (p = 0.013). The higher level of knowledge about fluoride toothpaste on parents and teachers was the middle level and was associated with the dentist and educational talk as major sources of information.

Manuel Antonio, Mattos-Vela; Milagros Bertha, Carrasco-Loyola; Suelen Giuliana, Valdivia-Pacheco.

316

The Evening Reference in Academic Libraries and Night-shift Librarians' Attitudes  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The study investigates current evening reference practices of all university libraries in Taiwan through a nationwide questionnaire survey and in-depth face-to-face interviews, It examines night-shift academic reference librarians' attitudes towards evening reference staffing models and reward systems, and their perceptions of the impact of evening work on the individual's family/parental relationship, physical and mental health status, and learning plan. It further explores the perceived need and feasibility of using collaborative live virtual reference to supplant in-person evening reference from the librarian's perspectives. The study also identified possible barriers that could hinder the success of such collaboration without supportive changes from the administration and management

Shiao-Feng Su

2007-06-01

317

The role of veterinary medical librarians in teaching information literacy.  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative study seeks to determine the nature of the instruction librarians provide to veterinary medical students at all 28 United States veterinary colleges. A secondary goal of the study was to determine in what ways and to what extent librarians participated in other instructional activities at their colleges. Over half of the librarians formally taught in one or more courses, predominantly in the first two years of the veterinary curriculum. One presentation per course was most common. Over half of the librarians interviewed stated that evidence-based veterinary medicine was taught at their colleges, and about half of these librarians collaborated with veterinary faculty in this instruction. Many librarians participated in orientation for first-year veterinary students. The librarians also taught instructional sessions for residents, interns, faculty, graduate students, and practicing veterinarians. This study found that librarians teach information literacy skills both formally and informally, but, in general, instruction by librarians was not well integrated into the curriculum. This study advances several recommendations to help veterinary students develop information literacy skills. These include: encourage veterinary faculty and administrators to collaborate more closely with librarians, incorporate a broader array of information literacy skills into assignments, and add a literature evaluation course to the curriculum. PMID:22023922

Dinkelman, Andrea L; Viera, Ann R; Bickett-Weddle, Danelle A

2011-01-01

318

Embedded librarianship what every academic librarian should know  

CERN Document Server

Is the embedded librarian an equal partner in the course, or is the librarian perceived as a "value-added" extra? What is the place of technology in this effort? Is there a line librarians should not cross? Taking into account both theory and practice to discuss multiple facets of the subject, Embedded Librarianship: What Every Academic Librarian Should Know thoroughly examines these questions and more from the perspectives of experienced embedded librarian contributors who have worked in higher education settings. The chapters illuminate the benefits and challenges of embedding, explain the planning required to set up an embedded course, identify the different forms of embedding, and consider information literacy instruction in various contexts. Readers who will benefit from this work include not only academic librarians but any professor who wants their students to be able to do better research in their fields.

Russo, Michael F

2013-01-01

319

The CERN LEP-SPS Librarian system  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The complexity of a software working environment, such as the control system for the SPS and LEP accelerators, requires a considerable management effort. The software needed to run the machines is continuously evolving, as new releases of application and system programs are introduced rather frequency. Ideally the management effort must coordinate all the different software developers and their users (the machine operating team). A software tool, the Librarian, has been written to help them in performing this task. Its ultimate goal is to enable the accelerator operators to retain control of all the software running in the control system. All the source files needed to produce a piece of running software (a 'product') are saved together, and can be retrieved either individually or as a whole. Management of the different versions of a product is also implemented, as well as a scheme for protections and access rights depending on the type of user (Librarian manager, application manager or software developer). The data base ORACLE has been used to maintain logical links between files saved under the Librarian. (orig.)

320

It takes a village: the effects of 10th grade college-going expectations of students, parents, and teachers four years later.  

Science.gov (United States)

Adolescents are surrounded by people who have expectations about their college-going potential. Yet, few studies have examined the link between these multiple sources of college-going expectations and the actual status of students in postsecondary education years later. The study draws on data collected in the 2002-2006 Educational Longitudinal Study and employs an underutilized statistical technique (cross-classified multilevel modeling) to account for teacher reports on overlapping groups of students (typical of high school research). Results showed that positive expectations of students, parents, English, and mathematics teachers in the 10th grade each uniquely predicted postsecondary status 4 years later. As a group, the four sources of expectations explained greater variance in postsecondary education than student characteristics such as socioeconomic status and academic performance. This suggests positive expectations are additive and promotive for students regardless of their risk status. Teacher expectations were also found to be protective for low income students. Implications for future expectancy research and equity-focused interventions are discussed. PMID:23564059

Gregory, Anne; Huang, Francis

2013-09-01

 
 
 
 
321

Constructing librarians’ information literacy expertise in the domain of nursing  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article investigates negotiations of librarians’ expertise in relation to information literacy at the micro-level, specifically in the domain of nursing education. A qualitative empirical framework is employed. The study draws on 18 semi-structured interviews, 16 with Swedish nursing students, one with a librarian and one with a nursing professor. Three themes on librarians’ expertise emerge in the findings: technical-administrative, information searching, and source evaluation exper...

Sundin, Olof; Limberg, Louise; Lundh, Anna

2008-01-01

322

Medizinbibliothekarische Bibliografie 2009 / The Medical Librarian's Bibliography 2009  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Medical Librarian’s Bibliography 2009 lists all articles from GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information and selected publications relevant to medical librarians from following journals: ABI Technik, Bibliothek Forschung und Praxis, Bibliotheksdienst, BIT online, BuB: Forum Bibliothek und Information, Information – Wissenschaft & Praxis, Journal of the European Association for Health Information and Libraries, Mitteilungen der Vereinigung Österreichischer Bibliothekarinnen und Bibliothekare, Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen & Bibliographie.

Bauer, Bruno

2010-09-01

323

Medizinbibliothekarische Bibliographie 2007 / The Medical Librarian's Bibliography 2007  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Medical Librarian’s Bibliography 2007 lists all articles from GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information and selected publications relevant to medical librarians from following journals: ABI Technik, Bibliothek Forschung und Praxis, Bibliotheksdienst, BIT online, BuB: Forum Bibliothek und Information, Journal of the European Association for Health Information and Libraries, Mitteilungen der Vereinigung Österreichischer Bibliothekarinnen und Bibliothekare, nfd, Online Mitteilungen, Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen & Bibliographie.

Bauer, Bruno

2008-12-01

324

Medizinbibliothekarische Bibliografie 2010 / The Medical Librarian's Bibliography 2010  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Medical Librarian’s Bibliography 2009 lists all articles from GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information and selected publications relevant to medical librarians from following journals: ABI Technik, Bibliothek Forschung und Praxis, Bibliotheksdienst, B.I.T. online, BuB: Forum Bibliothek und Information, Information – Wissenschaft & Praxis, Journal of the European Association for Health Information and Libraries, Mitteilungen der Vereinigung Österreichischer Bibliothekarinnen und Bibliothekare, Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen & Bibliographie.

Bauer, Bruno

2011-09-01

325

Medizinbibliothekarische Bibliografie 2008 / The Medical Librarian's Bibliography 2008  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Medical Librarian’s Bibliography 2008 lists all articles from GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information and selected publications relevant to medical librarians from following journals: ABI Technik, Bibliothek Forschung und Praxis, Bibliotheksdienst, BIT online, BuB: Forum Bibliothek und Information, Journal of the European Association for Health Information and Libraries, Mitteilungen der Vereinigung Österreichischer Bibliothekarinnen und Bibliothekare, nfd, Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen & Bibliographie.

Bauer, Bruno

2009-12-01

326

Medizinbibliothekarische Bibliographie 2006 / The Medical Librarian's Bibliography 2006  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Medical Librarian’s Bibliography 2006 lists all articles from GMS Medizin – Bibliothek – Information and selected publications relevant to medical librarians from following journals: ABI Technik, Bibliothek Forschung und Praxis, Bibliotheksdienst, BIT online, BuB: Forum Bibliothek und Information, Journal of the European Association for Health Information and Libraries, Mitteilungen der Vereinigung Österreichischer Bibliothekarinnen und Bibliothekare, nfd, Online Mitteilungen, Zeitschrift für Bibliothekswesen & Bibliographie.

Bauer, Bruno

2007-09-01

327

Embedded librarian: report of an experience in Brazilian Psychology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This report presents the main activities and challenges of an embedded librarian, or a librarian integrated, with many groups involved in the scientific communication process and particularly related to scientific journals in Psychology. The existence of a librarian integrated with these groups has supported the communication and interaction between them. It has also contributed to the qualification of a set of scientific journals in the area.

Serradas, Andre?

2011-01-01

328

The Library School of the Province of Buenos Aires and the professionalization of the librarian (1948-1950  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper investigates the origins of teaching librarianship in the city of La Plata, taking as the central axis the creation the School of Library by the Library Department of the Province of Buenos Aires. The main characteristics of educational library institutions in the province until 1950 are described, according to interpret the background that led to the formation of this school. Then, the political and social situation is presented in the context of the first Peronista government of Buenos Aires. Finally, the contents in the curricula of the careers are addressed with the aim of describe the professional librarian ideal achieved according to the provincial government's cultural policies. It is concluded that through this educational institution tries to form a professional librarian with multiple skills related to library, a cultural agent capable of guiding readers towards national books edition yet is also assigned a teacher role, closely with the teacher and students at all levels of training.

Marcela Coria

2014-10-01

329

Elementary Preservice Teachers’ Change  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the last two decades investigation of teachers’ beliefs and conceptions and teachers‘possibilities for change has been one of the points of emphasis in mathematics education. We propose the concept and design of an intervention program including five stakeholders on the basis of a teacher–student–parent–preservice teacher–teacher educator relation. The main idea is comprised of reversed roles in teaching and learning process i.e. elementary school preservice teachers should ado...

Alenka Lipovec; Polonca Pangr?i?

2008-01-01

330

E-book usage amongst academic librarians in South Africa  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study completed in 2010 was to investigate the use of e-books amongst academic librarians; in particular which e-books are available to academic librarians, why they choose this format, what impact e-books have on librarians’ professional practice and what the usage patterns of e-books are amongst academic librarians. A web-based questionnaire was distributed on the LIASA mailing list. The results reflect a more gradual trend towards e-book adoption. There is still a pre...

Sandy Zinn; Natasha Langdown

2011-01-01

331

Padres, profesores y pares: contribuciones para la autoestima y coping en los adolescentes / Parents, teachers and peers: contributions to self-esteem and coping in adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En consonancia con la teoría del apego, la calidad de la relación con figuras significativas juegan un papel clave en el desarrollo psicosocial, contribuyendo, entre otras cosas, para el desarrollo de la autoestima y estrategias de coping. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la contribución di [...] ferencial de variables relacionales (incluidas las relaciones con los padres, pares y profesores) en la predicción de la autoestima y coping en una muestra de 216 adolescentes, entre 14 y 16 años y de ambos sexos. El apego a los padres, las relaciones con los pares y con profesores revelaron diferentes configuraciones de las variables en la explicación de la autoestima y coping. La autoestima es positivamente predicha por la calidad de lazo emocional y negativamente por la inhibición de la exploración y la individualidad en la vinculación a los padres. El coping activo es positivamente predicho por la autoestima y la relación a los pares. Se observó un efecto positivo e indirecto de la calidad del lazo emocional en el coping activo a través de la autoestima y la relación a los pares. La relación con los pares parece ser mejorada por la calidad de la relación con los profesores. Los resultados serán discutidos en función de la teoría del apego y de acuerdo con una perspectiva ecológica del desarrollo. Abstract in english Consistent with attachment theory, the quality of relationships with significant figures plays a vital role in psychosocial development, contributing, among other aspects, to the development of coping and self-esteem. The purpose of this study is to determine the differential contribution of relatio [...] nal variables (namely relationship with parents, peers and teachers) in predicting coping and self-esteem in a sample of 216 adolescents, 14 to 19 aged, from both genders. Parental attachment, relationships with peers and with teachers evidence different configurations in explaining self-esteem and coping variables. Self-esteem is predicted positively by quality of emotional bond and negatively by parental inhibition of exploration and individuality. Active coping is predicted positively by self-esteem and attachment to peers. However there is an indirect and positive effect of quality of emotional bond in active coping, through self-esteem and peers attachment. Relationship with peers is increased by quality of relationship with teachers. Results are discussed according to attachment theory and an ecological perspective of development.

Catarina, Pinheiro Mota; Paula, Mena Matos.

2014-05-01

332

Validez Social de la Intervención en Adolescentes con Fobia Social: Padres frente a Profesores / Social Validity of Adolescent Intervention in Social Phobia: Parents vs. Teachers  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se presentan los resultados de un estudio llevado a cabo en un contexto comunitario con adolescentes espa­ñoles que presentan fobia social generalizada. El principal objetivo de esta investigación es analizar si los datos aportados por diferentes agentes de información (adolescentes, sus padres y pr [...] ofesores), mediante la versión creada para ello de esta escala (SAS-A total, SAS-A Padres y SAS-A Profesores), coinciden en la percepción de la mejora, atendiendo al tipo de tratamiento recibido, con el fin de analizar la validez social de los cambios. Los cincuenta y nueve sujetos seleccionados, de edades comprendidas entre 14 y 17 años, siendo el 67,8% chicas, fueron asignados al azar a tres condiciones experimentales: Tratamiento psicológico estructurado (cognitivo-conductual), Transmisión de información relativa a la ansiedad en general y a la fobia social en particular y Grupo de control lista de espera. Los resultados muestran que los adolescentes que recibieron tratamiento psicológico estructurado alcanzan mejores resultados en todas las variables medidas y que dichos cambios son percibidos por sus padres y profesores, siendo el grado de concordancia entre estos últimos mayor que entre éstos y los adolescentes Abstract in english The results of a research conducted with adolescents who suffer generalized phobia at a community setting, are presented. The main objective was to analyze if the data from different informants (adolescents, their parents, and teachers) obtained with a scale designed for this purpose (SAS-A complete [...] , SAS-A parents, and SAS-A teachers) were consistent in the improvement perception, in function of the kind of treatment received; aiming at analyzing the social validity of the changes. The 59 participants who were selected had between 14 and 17 years of age (67.8% girls), and were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions: structured behavioral treatment (cognitive-behavioral), transmission of information regarding general anxiety disorders and social phobia in particular, and a control group which remained in waiting list. The results showed that adolescents in the structured behavioral treatment had a better evolution in all the psychological variables that were assessed, and that the changes were perceived by their parents and teachers, being the concordance between the later and the former higher than each of them with the adolescents

P. J., Olivares-Olivares; A. I., Rosa-Alcázar; J., Olivares-Rodríguez.

2007-06-01

333

Padres, profesores y pares: contribuciones para la autoestima y coping en los adolescentes / Parents, teachers and peers: contributions to self-esteem and coping in adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En consonancia con la teoría del apego, la calidad de la relación con figuras significativas juegan un papel clave en el desarrollo psicosocial, contribuyendo, entre otras cosas, para el desarrollo de la autoestima y estrategias de coping. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la contribución di [...] ferencial de variables relacionales (incluidas las relaciones con los padres, pares y profesores) en la predicción de la autoestima y coping en una muestra de 216 adolescentes, entre 14 y 16 años y de ambos sexos. El apego a los padres, las relaciones con los pares y con profesores revelaron diferentes configuraciones de las variables en la explicación de la autoestima y coping. La autoestima es positivamente predicha por la calidad de lazo emocional y negativamente por la inhibición de la exploración y la individualidad en la vinculación a los padres. El coping activo es positivamente predicho por la autoestima y la relación a los pares. Se observó un efecto positivo e indirecto de la calidad del lazo emocional en el coping activo a través de la autoestima y la relación a los pares. La relación con los pares parece ser mejorada por la calidad de la relación con los profesores. Los resultados serán discutidos en función de la teoría del apego y de acuerdo con una perspectiva ecológica del desarrollo. Abstract in english Consistent with attachment theory, the quality of relationships with significant figures plays a vital role in psychosocial development, contributing, among other aspects, to the development of coping and self-esteem. The purpose of this study is to determine the differential contribution of relatio [...] nal variables (namely relationship with parents, peers and teachers) in predicting coping and self-esteem in a sample of 216 adolescents, 14 to 19 aged, from both genders. Parental attachment, relationships with peers and with teachers evidence different configurations in explaining self-esteem and coping variables. Self-esteem is predicted positively by quality of emotional bond and negatively by parental inhibition of exploration and individuality. Active coping is predicted positively by self-esteem and attachment to peers. However there is an indirect and positive effect of quality of emotional bond in active coping, through self-esteem and peers attachment. Relationship with peers is increased by quality of relationship with teachers. Results are discussed according to attachment theory and an ecological perspective of development.

Catarina, Pinheiro Mota; Paula, Mena Matos.

334

Analysis of Parent, Teacher, and Consultant Speech Exchanges and Educational Outcomes of Students with Autism during COMPASS Consultation  

Science.gov (United States)

The significant increase in the numbers of students with autism combined with the need for better trained teachers (National Research Council, 2001) call for research on the effectiveness of alternative methods, such as consultation, that have the potential to improve service delivery. Data from 2 randomized controlled single-blind trials indicate…

Ruble, Lisa; Birdwhistell, Jessie; Toland, Michael D.; McGrew, John H.

2011-01-01

335

Contemporary Instructor-Librarian Collaboration: A Case Study of an Online Embedded Librarian Implementation  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports the results of a case study evaluation of an embedded librarian project at a large, land-grant, research institution. The case is comprised of learners who are full-time academic health care professionals enrolled in an online graduate educational technology program. The mixed methods methodology focused on assessing the…

Edwards, Mary E.; Black, Erik W.

2012-01-01

336

Pre-service Teachers’ Comparative Analyses of Teacher-/Parent- Child Talk: Making Literacy Teaching Explicit and Children’s Literacy Learning Visible  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper reports on the results of a meta-analysis of first year pre-service teachers’ investigations of two transcripts of teacher/student talk. The first is set in the home environment and the second in the classroom. Working with specific tools of analysis and knowledge of the role of talk in literate, cultural and social practices they identified evidence of effective literacy pedagogy. They presented their findings in the genre of a written comparative analysis. The results showed the discourse analysis task helped them understand the vital role of the adult’s talk in scaffolding children’s learning in each context and raised awareness of how the adults’ cognitive “moves” impacted on the scaffolding of literacy learning. Outcomes highlighted the need for teacher preparation courses to focus on the way classroom discourse relates to pedagogy and children’s literacy learning by providing exemplary teaching episodes, and studying the pedagogical language competencies involved.Este artículo presenta los resultados de un meta-análisis de dos investigaciones sobre la función comunicativa profesor/alumno realizadas por docentes en su primer año de pre-servicio. La primera en el entorno doméstico y la segunda en el aula. Utilizándose instrumentos de análisis y sus conocimientos de la función comunicativa en las prácticas de alfabetización cultural y social, los docentes encontraron evidencia de una pedagogía eficaz de alfabetización. Las conclusiones en el género de análisis comparativo muestran como el ejercicio de análisis de la conversación ayuda a entender la función vital de la comunicación del adulto en el aprendizaje de los niños en cada contexto y concientizó como las decisiones cognoscitivas de los adultos influyen en la pedagogía de alfabetización. Los resultados recalcan la necesidad de formaciones para docentes en la comunicación en clase y como se relaciona con la pedagogía y alfabetización de los niños, proveyendo modelos de enseñanza ejemplar, y estudiando las respectivas competencias lingüísticas y pedagógicas.

Deborah Geoghegan

2012-06-01

337

The Relevance of Multilingualism for Teachers and Immigrant Parents in Early Childhood Education and Care in Germany and in France  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper deals with the initial findings from an international research project called "Children Crossing Borders." This study focused on discovering how early childhood education and care (ECEC) systems in five countries (the UK, France, Germany, Italy, and the USA) serve the children of recent immigrants and what parents with diverse…

Thomauske, Nathalie

2011-01-01

338

Comparing Parent-Child and Teacher-Child Relationships in Early Adolescence: Measurement Invariance of Perceived Attachment-Related Dimensions  

Science.gov (United States)

Through an examination of measurement invariance, this study investigated whether attachment-related dimensions (i.e., secure base, safe haven, and negative interactions as measured with the Network of Relationships Inventory-Behavioral Systems Version) have the same psychological meaning for early adolescents in their relationships with parents

De Laet, Steven; Colpin, Hilde; Goossens, Luc; Van Leeuwen, Karla; Verschueren, Karine

2014-01-01

339

Parent Involvement in the Academic Adjustment of Latino Middle and High School Youth: Teacher Expectations and School Belonging as Mediators  

Science.gov (United States)

A path model based in a theory of social capital was tested with Latino middle school (n = 195, 58% female, average 13.8 years of age) and high school students (n = 129, 64% female, average 16.8 years of age). Most participants (77%) were immigrants (predominantly from Mexico). Questionnaires assessed student perceptions of parent involvement,…

Kuperminc, Gabriel P.; Darnell, Adam J.; Alvarez-Jimenez, Anabel

2008-01-01

340

New Perspectives on Asian American Parents, Students and Teacher Recruitment. Research on the Education of Asian Pacific Americans  

Science.gov (United States)

This research anthology is the fifth volume in a series sponsored by the Special Interest Group-Research on the Education of Asian and Pacific Americans (SIG-REAPA) of the American Educational Research Association and National Association for Asian and Pacific American Education. This series explores and examines the patterns of Asian parents'…

Park, Clara C., Ed.; Endo, Russell, Ed.; Rong, Xue Lan, Ed.

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

Digitization and digital archiving a practical guide for librarians  

CERN Document Server

Modern library patrons are embracing the ease with which information can be accessed digitally, and so many librarians are currently working toward making information available electronically. Digitization and Digital Archiving: A Practical Guide for Librarians is a comprehensive guide with step-by-step instructions for forming digital archives.

Leggett, Elizabeth R

2014-01-01

342

The School Librarian as Information Specialist: A Vibrant Species  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author talks about the school librarian as information specialist. She stresses that the school librarian's information specialist role is more important than ever. She offers her personal toolkit that consists of four strategies in helping and teaching students to use content responsibly.

Harris, Frances Jacobson

2011-01-01

343

Bigger Is (Maybe) Better: Librarians' Views of Interdisciplinary Databases  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates librarians' satisfaction with general interdisciplinary databases for undergraduate research and explores possibilities for improving these databases. Results from a national survey suggest that librarians at a variety of institutions are relatively satisfied overall with the content and usability of general,…

Gilbert, Julie K.

2010-01-01

344

Who Benefits? Unionization and Academic Libraries and Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

Advocates of unions frequently argue that unionization results in benefits for libraries in general and for librarians. Previous data to support this position have been scattered, incomplete, and inconclusive. This study analyzes data on 1,904 academic libraries, 334 unionized, to explore whether there is a relationship between a librarian-union…

Applegate, Rachel

2009-01-01

345

The Art of Questions: Inquiry, the CCSS, and School Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

This article examines the association among inquiry, the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and school librarians. It explains the significance of asking questions, and describes the characteristics of the questions that are central to inquiry learning. The role of school librarians in inquiry learning and the implementation of CCSS is also…

Wadham, Rachel

2013-01-01

346

Librarians at Work: Are We as Satisfied as Other Workers?  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey comparing librarian job satisfaction with a 1996 Inc./Gallup survey of other US workers found fewer librarians were satisfied with their place of employment (80.4%/91%), fewer felt they had an opportunity to do what they do best (57.8%/82%), but more felt they had an opportunity to learn and grow (91%/84%). (PEN)

van Reenen, Johann

1998-01-01

347

Schizophrenia vs evolution : the many roles of librarians: closing address  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Practicing librarians are highly skilled and have much experience and knowledge to share. As a result of technological change, we are challenged to update our skills and develop our knowledge constantly. We do so successfully despite predictions to the contrary. Librarians are indeed thriving in the Information Age.

Darries, Fatima

2005-01-01

348

Kansas Academic Librarian Perceptions of Information Literacy Professional Development Needs  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to assess the professional development needs of academic instruction librarians required to improve information literacy instructional effectiveness in higher education institutions within the state of Kansas. The population in this correlational study was the 84 academic librarians with instruction duties at Kansas's…

Starkey, Alysia

2010-01-01

349

Looking like Everyone Else: Academic Portfolios for Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

The academic librarian faces a unique range of changing duties and responsibilities that are often inappropriately documented. The development of an academic portfolio that creates a record of librarianship, scholarship, and service can solve this issue for librarians on the tenure-track or on a job hunt. This paper describes how academic…

vanDuinkerken, Wyoma; Coker, Catherine; Anderson, Margaret

2010-01-01

350

New Academic Librarians and Their Perceptions of the Profession  

Science.gov (United States)

This study identifies developments relevant to new academic librarians' perceptions of librarianship. Through use of the long interview and document analysis, the researchers developed a grounded theory consisting of six categories that weigh upon novice librarians' perceptions of the profession: (1) deciding upon a career, (2) experiencing…

Sare, Laura; Bales, Stephen; Neville, Bruce

2012-01-01

351

The Role and Responsibilities of an E-Tutor Librarian  

Science.gov (United States)

Current trends in librarianship in higher education have indicated an increasing tutoring role for librarians in the online environment. This article examines how the role of the e-tutor is outlined in selected online learning literature before progressing to examine the implications for librarians of fulfilling the demanding e-tutoring role by…

Waite, Kathryn; Gannon-Leary, Pat; Carr, James

2011-01-01

352

Mary E. Hall: Dawn of the Professional School Librarian  

Science.gov (United States)

A century ago, a woman named Mary E. Hall convinced school leaders of the need for the professional school librarian--a librarian who cultivated a love of reading, academic achievement, and independent learning skills. After graduating from New York City's Pratt Institute Library School in 1895, Hall developed her vision for the high school…

Alto, Teresa

2012-01-01

353

Google in the Research and Teaching of Instruction Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

This exploratory study assesses the differences and similarities between how instruction librarians in Western Canada use Google and how they instruct students to use it. Survey results indicate that these librarians do use Google but can be influenced by faculty to present Google negatively to students. (Contains 4 figures and 1 table.)

Sorensen, Charlene; Dahl, Candice

2008-01-01

354

CSI(L) Carleton: Forensic Librarians and Reflective Practices  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the Library with the Lead Pipe is pleased to welcome guest authors Iris Jastram, Danya Leebaw, and Heather Tompkins.  They are reference and instruction librarians at Carleton College, a small liberal arts college in Minnesota. Becoming forensic librarians “Wait, this is information literacy?” a rhetorician at our workshop exclaimed in excited surprise. “But this [...

Iris Jastram

2011-01-01

355

Best Practices for Librarians Embedded in Online Courses  

Science.gov (United States)

Academic librarians interested in collaborating with faculty in online courses often express questions about their role, level of involvement, and activities. This article provides a list of best practices to guide those developing embedded librarian services. The practices are drawn from a review of the literature, a case study of one embedded…

Hoffman, Starr; Ramin, Lilly

2010-01-01

356

Leadership Skills of Women Librarians in West Africa.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the leadership potential of female librarians at university libraries in Nigeria, Ghana, and Sierra Leone. Questionnaires elicited information about motivating strategies, team building attitudes, leadership attitudes and potential, and evidence of discrimination against women. Results indicate that female librarians are effective…

Aina, Joseph O.

1995-01-01

357

Knowledge, Skills and Attributes for Academic Reference Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of Australian academic reference librarians was conducted as part of an international collaboration seeking to identify the most important knowledge, skills and attributes now and for the next ten years. Librarians working in or managing reference-related services at university and vocational education and training institutions…

Haddow, Gaby

2012-01-01

358

Normative data and psychometric properties of the parent and teacher versions of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ in an Iranian community sample  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

  • BACKGROUND: Strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ is a widely used instrument for screening mental problems in children and adolescents. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and psychometric properties of this questionnaire in comparison with the children behavior checklist (CBCL and psychiatric interview.
  • METHODS: The study was done in two stages. At stage one, 600 children aged between 6 and 12 were evaluated using the parent and teacher versions of SDQ and CBCL. At stage two, 25 children with the scores above the cut point reported by the developer of SDQ and 27 children with the score below this point were selected to be interviewed by a child and adolescent psychiatrist according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV classification and by another clinician using the K-SADS-PL (Schedule or Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children- Present and Lifetime Version as a semi structured interview.
  • RESULTS: The mean scores of SDQ subscales found in this study were comparable to what found in other studies in other countries. The cut-off points of SDQ were almost similar to that of other researches. The internal consistency and concurrent validity of this questionnaire was good.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The current study showed that both parent and teacher versions of SDQ in Persian language can be used as a valid tool in screening the mental problems in children and adolescents.
  • KEYWORDS: SDQ, CBCL, mental problems, children, K-SADS.

Zahra Shahrivar

2009-04-01

359

Relação família-escola: práticas educativas utilizadas por pais e professores / Family-school relationship: parents and teacher’s educative practices / Relación familia-escuela: prácticas educativas usadas por padres y profesores  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este estudo analisa as continuidades e descontinuidades na relação família-escola frente aos problemas de comportamento da criança, investigando a utilização e as percepções sobre as práticas educativas de pais e professores em ambos os contextos, bem como a existência de ações conjuntas. Participar [...] am do estudo 4 progenitores e 4 professoras de escolas privadas de Porto Alegre, respondendo, cada um deles, a duas entrevistas cujos dados sofreram análise de conteúdo. Os resultados apontaram heterogeneidade das práticas educativas parentais e diferentes níveis de conhecimento entre os participantes acerca das práticas utilizadas, revelando fronteiras rígidas entre a família e a escola. Identificou-se a supremacia do saber das professoras sobre os pais, reforçada pelo fato das atitudes conjuntas enfocarem o caráter curativo e orientador da escola sobre a família. A discussão dos dados propõe alternativas para uma intervenção conjunta família-escola frente aos problemas de comportamento das crianças. Abstract in spanish Este estudio analiza las continuidades y discontinuidades en la relación familia-escuela frente a los problemas de comportamiento del niño, investigando la utilización y las percepciones sobre las prácticas educativas de padres y profesores en ambos contextos; así como la existencia de acciones conj [...] untas. Participaron del estudio cuatro progenitores y cuatro profesoras de escuelas privadas de Porto Alegre, respondiendo cada uno de ellos a dos entrevistas; cuyos datos fueron sometidos a Análisis de Contenido. Los resultados indicaron heterogeneidad de las prácticas educativas parentales y diferentes niveles de conocimiento entre los participantes acerca de las prácticas utilizadas, revelando fronteras rígidas entre la familia y la escuela. Se identificó la supremacía del saber de las profesoras sobre los padres, reforzada por el hecho de que las actitudes conjuntas enfocan el carácter curativo y orientador de la escuela sobre la familia. La discusión de los datos propone alternativas para una intervención conjunta familia-escuela frente a los problemas de comportamiento de los niños. Abstract in english This article aims to analyze the family-school relationship and its continuity and discontinuity towards child behavior problems. We investigate the perception and use of child-rearing practices by parents and teachers, within both contexts. We also investigate whether there were some planned joint [...] activities towards child behavior problems. Four parents and four teachers from Porto Alegre private schools have participated in this study by answering two interviews. These interviews were analyzed according to their content. The results indicated heterogeneity in the parents’ educative practices, distinct levels of knowledge about educative practices among the participant subjects. They reveal a clear boundary between family and school. It was identified the supremacy of teacher´s knowledge over parents´ knowledge. This was reinforced by the fact that joint activities focused on the family orientation by the school. The results were discussed and we proposed alternatives to a family-school integrative intervention towards child behavior problems.

Luiza Maria de Oliveira Braga, Silveira; Adriana, Wagner.

360

Relação família-escola: práticas educativas utilizadas por pais e professores / Family-school relationship: parents and teacher’s educative practices / Relación familia-escuela: prácticas educativas usadas por padres y profesores  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este estudo analisa as continuidades e descontinuidades na relação família-escola frente aos problemas de comportamento da criança, investigando a utilização e as percepções sobre as práticas educativas de pais e professores em ambos os contextos, bem como a existência de ações conjuntas. Participar [...] am do estudo 4 progenitores e 4 professoras de escolas privadas de Porto Alegre, respondendo, cada um deles, a duas entrevistas cujos dados sofreram análise de conteúdo. Os resultados apontaram heterogeneidade das práticas educativas parentais e diferentes níveis de conhecimento entre os participantes acerca das práticas utilizadas, revelando fronteiras rígidas entre a família e a escola. Identificou-se a supremacia do saber das professoras sobre os pais, reforçada pelo fato das atitudes conjuntas enfocarem o caráter curativo e orientador da escola sobre a família. A discussão dos dados propõe alternativas para uma intervenção conjunta família-escola frente aos problemas de comportamento das crianças. Abstract in spanish Este estudio analiza las continuidades y discontinuidades en la relación familia-escuela frente a los problemas de comportamiento del niño, investigando la utilización y las percepciones sobre las prácticas educativas de padres y profesores en ambos contextos; así como la existencia de acciones conj [...] untas. Participaron del estudio cuatro progenitores y cuatro profesoras de escuelas privadas de Porto Alegre, respondiendo cada uno de ellos a dos entrevistas; cuyos datos fueron sometidos a Análisis de Contenido. Los resultados indicaron heterogeneidad de las prácticas educativas parentales y diferentes niveles de conocimiento entre los participantes acerca de las prácticas utilizadas, revelando fronteras rígidas entre la familia y la escuela. Se identificó la supremacía del saber de las profesoras sobre los padres, reforzada por el hecho de que las actitudes conjuntas enfocan el carácter curativo y orientador de la escuela sobre la familia. La discusión de los datos propone alternativas para una intervención conjunta familia-escuela frente a los problemas de comportamiento de los niños. Abstract in english This article aims to analyze the family-school relationship and its continuity and discontinuity towards child behavior problems. We investigate the perception and use of child-rearing practices by parents and teachers, within both contexts. We also investigate whether there were some planned joint [...] activities towards child behavior problems. Four parents and four teachers from Porto Alegre private schools have participated in this study by answering two interviews. These interviews were analyzed according to their content. The results indicated heterogeneity in the parents’ educative practices, distinct levels of knowledge about educative practices among the participant subjects. They reveal a clear boundary between family and school. It was identified the supremacy of teacher´s knowledge over parents´ knowledge. This was reinforced by the fact that joint activities focused on the family orientation by the school. The results were discussed and we proposed alternatives to a family-school integrative intervention towards child behavior problems.

Luiza Maria de Oliveira Braga, Silveira; Adriana, Wagner.

2009-12-01

 
 
 
 
361

Virtually embedded the librarian in an online environment  

CERN Document Server

The rise of online education at institutions of higher learning, together with the increasing cost of higher education, lead some to suggest that online (or distance) education will eventually become the dominant form of higher learning. This has particular significance for librarians. This casebook, a blueprint for embedding academic librarians in online environments, from undergraduate to science-based graduate schools to MOOCs is the first to explore how librarians can play a key role in the virtual academic landscape. The authors, academic librarians representing a broad range of colleges and universities, look at the evolution of the embedded librarian from physical to virtual, suggest how to develop and implement unique programs in and out of the classroom, and explain how to scale programs once they are embedded. This book is suitable for professional collections in academic libraries of all sizes and types. It is also suitable for collections in schools of library and information science.

McCaffrey, Erin

2014-01-01

362

Middle school girls' STEM education: Using teacher influences, parent encouragement, peer influences, and self efficacy to predict confidence and interest in math and science  

Science.gov (United States)

Reports are clear that there is an underrepresentation of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers. With the current and predicted future shortage of STEM workforce, it is more important than ever to encourage young women to enter these important fields of study. Using Bronfenbrenner's Bioecological Model, possible predictors of middle school girls' confidence and interest in math and science where explored. The factors in this study included the macrosystems of age and race/ethnicity and the microsystems of self-efficacy, teacher influences, parent encouragement, and peer influences. Sequential regression analysis results revealed that self-efficacy was a significant predictor for confidence in math and science. While, math/science teacher influences and peer influences were significant predictors of interest and confidence in both math and science. Sequential regression analysis also indicated age was a significant predictor of math interest. The results of this study provides information on the systemic connections among the variables and suggestions on how to impact middle school girls' STEM development, thus impacting the future STEM workforce.

Rabenberg, Tabetha A.

363

The Transition of Wat Tham Krabok Hmong Children to Saint Paul Public Schools: Perspectives of Teachers, Principals, and Hmong Parents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In 2004, with the closing of the last Hmong refugee camp, Wat Tham Krabok, the latest group of Hmong refugees resettled to the US. To facilitate the language transition of approximately 1,000 school-aged newcomer Hmong children, the Saint Paul Public Schools, developed and established Transitional Language Centers. In this article, we examine the experiences and perspectives of principals, teachers and educational assistants who worked with newcomer Hmong children in the newly-established Tra...

Bic Ngo; Martha Bigelow; Wahlstrom, Kyla L.

2008-01-01

364

Growing Embedded Librarians Like Kudzu: How the Embedded Extension Service Creates More Embedded Librarians without Creating New Positions  

Science.gov (United States)

In an era of exploding online enrollment and tight budgets, Central Piedmont Community College (CPCC) struggles to meet the needs of online students. CPCC librarians went one step towards solving that problem in 2009-2010 by launching an embedded librarian program. CPCC's program became so successful that it struggled to meet demand. In 2013,…

Coltrain, Mark

2014-01-01

365

Faculty and Librarians Unite! How Two Librarians and One Faculty Member Developed an Information Literacy Strategy for Distance Education Students  

Science.gov (United States)

Librarians know that collaboration with faculty is crucial when developing effective information literacy initiatives. Our case study, based on the ADDIE model of instructional design, set out to determine if a collaborative approach between faculty and librarians could effectively support students in a distance education course. Set in a small…

Easter, Jennifer; Bailey, Sharon; Klages, Gregory

2014-01-01

366

Asian American Librarians and Chinese American Librarians: Their Impact on the Profession and on U.S. Communities  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

???14-21

Among 150,000 librarians working in the United States, about 5% were Asians and Pacific Islanders (API, who worked mainly in the academic and large public libraries. Most Asian librarians had the unique characters of bilingual and bicultural background. They not only played a key service role to the API communities in the U.S., but also served as a bridge between mainstream American culture and the Asian culture that bound the API community together for generations. The Chinese American librarians have been a major component of API librarians and their association -- Chinese American Librarians Association (CALA is one of the most active ones among U.S. minority librarians associations. Chinese American librarians worked in all areas of library profession, especially in the technical services and Asian Studies libraries. The representation of Chinese American librarians working in the management category has been below the national average, which was a common phenomenon among Asian American educators in general.

Jian-Zhong (Joe Zhou

2003-10-01

367

Parental Involvement in Secondary Education Schools: The Views of Parents in Greece  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study explores Greek parents' views on parental educational involvement and its impact on adolescent scholastic and social development. Specifically, aspects of parental involvement such as the achieved objectives of current parent-school communication, the psychological climate dominating teacher-parent interactions and parents'…

Antonopoulou, Katerina; Koutrouba, Konstantina; Babalis, Thomas

2011-01-01

368

Definitely NOT Alone! Online Resources and Websites Help Keep School Librarians Connected  

Science.gov (United States)

Being a solo librarian today is certainly challenging; however, because of technological interconnectedness, today's solo librarian is definitely not alone. Technology allows a school librarian to immediately and constantly connect and interact with other school librarians. This article discusses online resources and websites that will allow a…

Church, Audrey P.

2011-01-01

369

Efeito pai professor: o impacto da profissão docente na vida escolar dos filhos / Teacher parent effect: the impact of having a teacher parent on children's school life / Efecto padre profesor: el impacto de la profésion docente en la vida escolar de sus hijos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo pretende divulgar os resultados de uma pesquisa de doutorado recentemente finalizada que investigou as práticas educativas de famílias em que pelo menos um dos progenitores exercia a profissão de professor. A pesquisa buscou identificar, analisar e discutir as múltiplas práticas educativ [...] as e estratégias de escolarização que pais professores desenvolvem no quadro da vida escolar de seus filhos. Os resultados obtidos mostram que, de um modo geral, os pais professores se mobilizam intensamente para favorecer a escolarização dos filhos, mas que essa mobilização não se dá de modo homogêneo para as diferentes famílias. A origem social, as condições objetivas de existência, a rede de ensino de atuação profissional, as experiências docentes e os modos de configuração das dinâmicas familiares modulam as práticas educativas dos pais professores e impactam a relação que eles estabelecem com a vida escolar dos filhos. Abstract in spanish Este trabajo pretende divulgar los resultados de una investigación doctoral recientemente concluida, fundamentada en las prácticas educativas de las familias en las que, al menos, uno de los padres ejercía la profesión docente. La investigación buscó identificar, analizar y discutir las muchas práct [...] icas y estrategias educativas que los padres que ejercen la docencia desarrollan dentro de la vida escolar de sus hijos. Los resultados obtenidos en esta investigación muestran que, de manera general, los padres que ejercen la docencia están más intensamente movilizados para apoyar la enseñanza de sus hijos, pero que esa movilización no se produce homogéneamente entre las distintas familias. El origen social, las condiciones objetivas de existencia, el sistema escolar de desempeño profesional, las experiencias de enseñanza y las diferentes configuraciones de la dinámica familiar afectan a las prácticas educativas de los padres profesores e influyen en las relaciones que establecen con la vida escolar de sus hijos. Abstract in english This paper aims to disseminate the results of a recently completed doctoral research that investigated the educational practices of families in which at least one parent is a teacher. The research sought to identify, analyze and discuss the multiple educational practices and strategies that teacher [...] parents develop as part of the school life of their children. The results obtained show that, in general, parents who are teachers work more intensely on promoting their children's education, but that such work varies from family to family. Social origins, objective living standards, school systems, teaching experience and the different configurations of family dynamics shape the educational practices of such parents and impact on the relationship they establish with their children's school life.

Marlice de Oliveira e, Nogueira.

2013-03-01

370

The age demographics of academic librarians a profession apart  

CERN Document Server

The Age Demographics of Academic Librarians: A Profession Apart discusses the current demographics of librarianship in North America and examines how a huge retiree rate will affect the profession. With the average age of librarians increasing dramatically since 1990, this book examines the changes that will have to take place in your library, such as recruiting, training, and working with a smaller staff. The Age Demographics of Academic Librarians provides you with insights on how to make your library's transition easier when several of your colleagues leave your library. Valuable and intell

Wilder, Stanley

2013-01-01

371

E-Librarian Service Search with Semantic Web Technologies  

CERN Document Server

This book introduces a new approach to designing E-Librarian Services. With the help of this system, users will be able to retrieve multimedia resources from digital libraries more efficiently than they would by browsing through an index or by using a simple keyword search. E-Librarian Services combine recent advances in multimedia information retrieval with aspects of human-machine interfaces, such as the ability to ask questions in natural language; they simulate a human librarian by finding and delivering the most relevant documents that offer users potential answers to their queries. The p

Linckels, Serge

2011-01-01

372

Preservice Teachers' Knowledge of Information Literacy and Their Perceptions of the School Library Program  

Science.gov (United States)

Graduating preservice teachers were surveyed regarding their knowledge of information literacy concepts, the pedagogy of information literacy, and the role of the teacher librarian and school library programs. The preservice teachers felt poorly prepared to teach information literacy to pupils, had a limited array of information skills, and held a…

Lee, Elizabeth A.; Reed, Brenda; Laverty, Corinne

2012-01-01

373

Parental Engagement Pays Off  

Science.gov (United States)

Although data directly linking parental engagement with positive results is limited, administrators, teachers, and parent cite anecdotal evidence--and some numbers about test scores and attendance from individual schools--to affirm the effectiveness of engagement programs. Meanwhile, researchers are studying the keys to successful programs and…

Dessoff, Alan

2009-01-01

374

Asian Parents as Partners.  

Science.gov (United States)

Forty parents, representing five different Asian groups living in California and Colorado, were interviewed about their attitudes toward their children's education. Found that, in general, Asian parents are interested in their children's school progress and are willing to help at school. Suggests ways to help teachers capitalize on this interest…

Lee, Fong Yun

1995-01-01

375

Sense of self: Embracing your teacher identity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Welcome to another guest post at ItLwtLP. This time we bring you thoughts from Carrie Donovan, an instruction librarian at Indiana University Bloomington. Enjoy! Once upon a time in libraries, you could call yourself a good teacher if you spent more than 30 minutes planning a lesson, if you wowed students with your search savvy, [...

Carrie Donovan

2009-01-01

376

Sense of self: Embracing your teacher identity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Welcome to another guest post at ItLwtLP. This time we bring you thoughts from Carrie Donovan, an instruction librarian at Indiana University Bloomington. Enjoy! Once upon a time in libraries, you could call yourself a good teacher if you spent more than 30 minutes planning a lesson, if you wowed students with your search savvy, [...

Carrie Donovan

2009-08-01

377

Electronic publishing: implications for health sciences libraries and librarians.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Increasingly we hear of "electronic publishing" in the form of books and journals made available as databases, either through traditional online services or through electronic message services. This paper explores its potential impact on the medical library community and on the relationship between end user and librarian. The librarian's new roles as intermediary, facilitator, and advocate for end users are examined. The question of developing expertise for evaluating information as well as f...

Schulman, J. L.

1986-01-01

378

Focus on further education of librarians in Latvia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Describes the needs for continuing education of professional librarians in Latvia, following independence and the consequent structural changes. Following research into further education needs, the Continuing Education Centre for Librarians of Latvia (CECLL) was established to provide training courses. CECLL is a collaborative venture, involving the Department of Library Science and Information, University of Latvia, the Library Department of the National Library of Latvia and the initiative ...

Iveta Gudakovska

2001-01-01

379

NEWLIB-L: The Discussion List for New Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

NEWLIB-L is a new, unmoderated email discussion list created for persons new to the career of librarianship. The list will serve as a forum for new librarians -- academic, public, and special -- to discuss the ideas, trends, and issues that they will encounter as they enter this ever-changing profession. Experienced information professionals and those interested in becoming librarians are also encouraged to contribute to the discussion.

380

The librarian as a partner in nursing education.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Welch Medical Library has explored new roles for librarians in knowledge management instruction programs throughout the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing curricula. These programs have created roles for library staff as both instructors and knowledge management experts. By fostering strong communication and attention to quality instruction, librarians achieved their vision of a program in knowledge management integrated into the curriculum, where they are partners working with nursin...

Layton, B.; Hahn, K.

1995-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Perceptions of Parent Involvement in Academic Achievement  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors sought to understand the types of parent involvement that teachers, parents, and students believe affect the academic achievement of adolescent learners at the junior high school level. Research that included focus groups, interviews, and surveys indicated that teachers and students believed that parent involvement at school was…

DePlanty, Jennifer; Coulter-Kern, Russell; Duchane, Kim A.

2007-01-01

382

Academic Librarians’ Conception and Use of Evidence Sources in Practice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – The objective of this study was to explore and understand how academic librarians use evidence in their professional decision making. Theresearcher aimed to gain insights on the relevance of the current EBLIP model topractice, and to understand the possible connections between scientific researchand tacit knowledge within the practice of LIS.Methods – A grounded theory methodology was used, following the approach ofCharmaz (2006. Participants were 19 academic librarians in Canada. Data wasgathered via online diaries and semi-structured interviews over a six-month periodin 2011.Results – Two broad types of evidence were identified (hard and soft, and aregenerally used in conjunction with one another. Librarians examine all evidencesources with a critical eye, and try to determine a complete picture before reachinga conclusion. As well, librarians use a variety of proactive and passive approachesto find evidence.Conclusions – These results provide a strong message that no single evidencesource is perfect. Consequently, librarians bring different types of evidencetogether in order to be as informed as possible before making a decision. Using acombination of evidence sources, depending upon the problem, is the wayacademic librarians approach decision making.

Denise Koufogiannakis

2012-12-01

383

Master Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

Dr. Carole Berotte Joseph, the new president of Bronx Community College, or BCC, has been training to lead an institution of higher education since grade school, taking on the role of master teacher since she played on her parents' stoop with the neighborhood children in Brooklyn. Growing up, she didn't play with dolls much. She played with real…

Miranda, Maria Eugenia

2011-01-01

384

Relationship academic librarian - student: student’s knowledge of academic librarians’ work  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

An academic library is supposed to provide quality services to the students, faculty employees and others. The students, who constitute the majority of the users, often seem to lack the skills and knowledge necessary to navigate and locate items within the library during this crucial period of life between education and employment.University librarians play a key role in explaining all the services of an academic library.A library is used by students mostly as a place to study, wait for their...

Mira Vidic; Primož Južni?

2010-01-01

385

Estilos de liderança de professores: aplicando o modelo de estilos parentais / Teachers' leadership styles: applying the parental styles' model / Estilos de liderazgo de maestros: aplicando el modelo de estilos parentales  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Professores orientam os comportamentos das crianças estabelecendo diferentes climas emocionais no uso das estratégias educativas em sala de aula. Esse trabalho busca delinear uma análise dos estilos de liderança de professores aplicando o modelo de estilos parentais. Inicialmente, foi feita uma anál [...] ise de literatura realizando uma busca nas bases de dados: Scielo, Science Direct e Scopus, utilizando os descritores: teachers' leadership styles, teachers' teaching styles e school leadership. Com essa busca constatou-se que existem diversas definições, formas de análise e variáveis estudadas, conforme a teoria adotada. Posteriormente, foi realizada a análise da relação professor-aluno aplicando o modelo de estilos parentais, que apresenta uma análise do sistema das relações a partir de duas dimensões: responsividade e exigência. Assim, foram categorizados quatro estilos de liderança: autoritário, permissivo, negligente e participativo. Conclui-se que o modelo de estilo parental fornece uma boa base teórica para pautar a análise dos estilos de liderança de professores. Abstract in spanish En lo que a comportamiento se refiere los maestros orientan a los niños estableciendo diferentes climas emocionales según el uso de estrategias educativas en aula. Este trabajo busca perfilar un análisis de los estilos de liderazgo de maestros por medio de la aplicación del modelo de estilos parenta [...] les. Inicialmente se hizo un análisis de literatura a partir de una búsqueda en las bases de datos Scielo, Science Direct . Scopus, utilizando las palabras clave teacher's leadership styles. teacher's teaching styles e school leadership. Los resultados permitieron constatar que existen diversas definiciones, métodos de análisis y variables estudiadas, de acuerdo con la teoría adoptada. Posteriormente se realizó el análisis de la relación profesor-alumno aplicando el modelo de estilos parentales que presenta un análisis de sistema de relaciones a partir de dos dimensiones: capacidad de respuesta y exigencia. Se categorizaron cuatro estilos de liderazgo: autoritario, permisivo, negligente y participativo. Se concluye que el modelo de estilo parental constituye buena base teórica para orientar el análisis de los estilos de liderazgo de maestros. Abstract in english Teachers guide children's behavior by establishing different emotional climates in the use of educational strategies in the classroom. This paper seeks to outline an analysis of leadership styles of teachers applying the model of parenting styles. Initially, an analysis of literature by performing a [...] search in the databases: Scielo, Science Direct and Scopus using the key words: teachers' leadership styles, teachers' teaching styles and school leadership. With this search we found that there are several definitions, methods of analysis and variables, as the espoused theory. Subsequently, we performed the analysis of teacher-student relationship by applying the model of parenting styles, which presents an analysis of the system of relationships from two dimensions: responsiveness and demandingness. So were categorized four leadership styles: authoritarian, permissive, neglectful, and authoritative. We conclude that the model of parenting style provides a good theoretical basis to guide the analysis of teachers' leadership styles.

Ana Priscila, Batista; Lidia Natalia Dobrianskyj, Weber.

386

Estilos de liderança de professores: aplicando o modelo de estilos parentais / Teachers' leadership styles: applying the parental styles' model / Estilos de liderazgo de maestros: aplicando el modelo de estilos parentales  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Professores orientam os comportamentos das crianças estabelecendo diferentes climas emocionais no uso das estratégias educativas em sala de aula. Esse trabalho busca delinear uma análise dos estilos de liderança de professores aplicando o modelo de estilos parentais. Inicialmente, foi feita uma anál [...] ise de literatura realizando uma busca nas bases de dados: Scielo, Science Direct e Scopus, utilizando os descritores: teachers' leadership styles, teachers' teaching styles e school leadership. Com essa busca constatou-se que existem diversas definições, formas de análise e variáveis estudadas, conforme a teoria adotada. Posteriormente, foi realizada a análise da relação professor-aluno aplicando o modelo de estilos parentais, que apresenta uma análise do sistema das relações a partir de duas dimensões: responsividade e exigência. Assim, foram categorizados quatro estilos de liderança: autoritário, permissivo, negligente e participativo. Conclui-se que o modelo de estilo parental fornece uma boa base teórica para pautar a análise dos estilos de liderança de professores. Abstract in spanish En lo que a comportamiento se refiere los maestros orientan a los niños estableciendo diferentes climas emocionales según el uso de estrategias educativas en aula. Este trabajo busca perfilar un análisis de los estilos de liderazgo de maestros por medio de la aplicación del modelo de estilos parenta [...] les. Inicialmente se hizo un análisis de literatura a partir de una búsqueda en las bases de datos Scielo, Science Direct . Scopus, utilizando las palabras clave teacher's leadership styles. teacher's teaching styles e school leadership. Los resultados permitieron constatar que existen diversas definiciones, métodos de análisis y variables estudiadas, de acuerdo con la teoría adoptada. Posteriormente se realizó el análisis de la relación profesor-alumno aplicando el modelo de estilos parentales que presenta un análisis de sistema de relaciones a partir de dos dimensiones: capacidad de respuesta y exigencia. Se categorizaron cuatro estilos de liderazgo: autoritario, permisivo, negligente y participativo. Se concluye que el modelo de estilo parental constituye buena base teórica para orientar el análisis de los estilos de liderazgo de maestros. Abstract in english Teachers guide children's behavior by establishing different emotional climates in the use of educational strategies in the classroom. This paper seeks to outline an analysis of leadership styles of teachers applying the model of parenting styles. Initially, an analysis of literature by performing a [...] search in the databases: Scielo, Science Direct and Scopus using the key words: teachers' leadership styles, teachers' teaching styles and school leadership. With this search we found that there are several definitions, methods of analysis and variables, as the espoused theory. Subsequently, we performed the analysis of teacher-student relationship by applying the model of parenting styles, which presents an analysis of the system of relationships from two dimensions: responsiveness and demandingness. So were categorized four leadership styles: authoritarian, permissive, neglectful, and authoritative. We conclude that the model of parenting style provides a good theoretical basis to guide the analysis of teachers' leadership styles.

Ana Priscila, Batista; Lidia Natalia Dobrianskyj, Weber.

2012-12-01

387

LIBRARIAN IN TRAINING FOR POTENTIAL READERS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since the librarian works with a powerful toolfor the development of human potentialities,which is reading, we attempted to promote,through playful workshops, reading activitiesthat focused on children?s taste for reading,promoting a rich exchange of knowledge andleveraging social, political and culturalengagement of 40 children, aged 7-12 yearsold, from two Municipal public schools on theoutskirts of Fortaleza. The methodologyconsisted in the development of storytellingactivities; interactive dynamics oriented topractices of different readings; readingactivities with magazines, newspapers, booksof children and youth literature; andeducational primers. We disclose theimportance of reading practices, in a process ofreflection on what they represent in the lives ofchildren, explaining the use and importance ofreading to the development of society. Weobtained, thus, a satisfactory result with anincreasing awareness of the children to variouspossible paths through reading, in a potential,interactive, dynamic, collaborative, active, andcreative exercise, turning reading into a sourceof pleasure and leisure. Forming citizens whothink, reflect, and act critically about theevents around them.

Keina Maria Guedes da Silva

2010-07-01

388

Roles for Information professionals in patient education: Librarians' perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Through an examination of librarians’ contributions to the PEPTalk research project, this article highlights roles for information professionals at various stages in the design and clinical implementation of an information system that delivers patient education. The Personal Education Plan (PEPTalk was a collaborative, multi-disciplinary research project (2005-2006 based at the University Health Network’s Princess Margaret Hospital that designed an information system to provide web-based health information resources to both patients and clinicians under a shared umbrella of patient education. This article provides an overview of the PEPTalk project methods and outcomes, and documents the contributions of librarians throughout the design and clinical implementation stages of the project. Librarians brought expertise about information seeking behaviours of both patients and clinicians to the project; liaised across institutional and professional boundaries; developed a classification system for online learning objects, and educated project team about information and health literacies. The contributions of librarians on the PEPTalk project illustrate the need for boundary spanners, information brokers, knowledge translators, and change champions in the design and implementation of patient education delivery systems. There are new roles emergent at the intersections of clinical practice and health information provision. There is a need for the traditional skills and expertise of librarians and other information professionals in tailoring health information. Yet the design and implementation of patient education systems also require the development of new skills and the application of advanced information literacy as it pertains to both clinicians and patients.

Susan L. MacDonald

2010-07-01

389

Embedded librarian: relato de uma experiência na Psicologia brasileira / Embedded librarian: rapport d’une expérience en psychologie brésilienne / Embedded librarian: Report of an experience in Brazilian Psychology / Embedded librarian: relato de una experiencia en la Psicología brasileña  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O presente relato apresenta as principais atividades e desafios de um embedded librarian, ou bibliotecário integrado, junto aos diversos grupos envolvidos nos processos de comunicação científica e, mais especificamente, relacionados aos periódicos científicos da área de Psicologia. A existência de u [...] m bibliotecário integrado a esses grupos favoreceu a comunicação e interação entre eles e contribuiu também para a qualificação de um conjunto de periódicos científicos da área. Abstract in spanish El presente relato expone las principales actividades y desafíos de un embedded librarian, o bibliotecario integrado, junto a los diversos grupos involucrados en los procesos de comunicación científica y, más específicamente, relacionados a las revistas científicas del área. La existencia de un bibl [...] iotecario integrado a esos grupos favoreció una comunicación e integración entre ellos y contribuyó también para la calificación en un conjunto de revistas científicas del área. Abstract in english This report presents the main activities and challenges of an embedded librarian, or a librarian integrated, with many groups involved in the scientific communication process and particularly related to scientific journals in Psychology. The existence of a librarian integrated with these groups has [...] supported the communication and interaction between them. It has also contributed to the qualification of a set of scientific journals in the area.

André, Serradas.

2011-06-01

390

Embedded librarian: relato de uma experiência na Psicologia brasileira / Embedded librarian: rapport d’une expérience en psychologie brésilienne / Embedded librarian: Report of an experience in Brazilian Psychology / Embedded librarian: relato de una experiencia en la Psicología brasileña  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O presente relato apresenta as principais atividades e desafios de um embedded librarian, ou bibliotecário integrado, junto aos diversos grupos envolvidos nos processos de comunicação científica e, mais especificamente, relacionados aos periódicos científicos da área de Psicologia. A existência de u [...] m bibliotecário integrado a esses grupos favoreceu a comunicação e interação entre eles e contribuiu também para a qualificação de um conjunto de periódicos científicos da área. Abstract in spanish El presente relato expone las principales actividades y desafíos de un embedded librarian, o bibliotecario integrado, junto a los diversos grupos involucrados en los procesos de comunicación científica y, más específicamente, relacionados a las revistas científicas del área. La existencia de un bibl [...] iotecario integrado a esos grupos favoreció una comunicación e integración entre ellos y contribuyó también para la calificación en un conjunto de revistas científicas del área. Abstract in english This report presents the main activities and challenges of an embedded librarian, or a librarian integrated, with many groups involved in the scientific communication process and particularly related to scientific journals in Psychology. The existence of a librarian integrated with these groups has [...] supported the communication and interaction between them. It has also contributed to the qualification of a set of scientific journals in the area.

André, Serradas.

391

Tres miradas sobre la televisión: docentes, padres y niños / Three Perspectives on Television: Teachers, Parents and Children / Três miradas à televisão: docentes, pais e meninos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Neste artigo indaga-se, desde as perspectivas teóricas e práticas examinadas, como consideram os pais, os docentes e os meninos a televisão. Procura-se comparar as três perspectivas para continuar a pesquisa em um trabalho de campo que prove e contraste os achados teóricos. São estudados universos d [...] e diferentes regiões geográficas e distintos grupos sociais, que têm coincidências muito significativas. É importante destacar que a influência dos adultos no imaginário dos meninos acerca da televisão é muito mais forte do que poderia supõe-se à primeira vista. Para avaliá-la são revelados textos e estudos levados ao cabo na Argentina e outros países, e chega-se a uma síntese final. O artigo carateriza-se por o seu enfoque exploratório e descritivo, que finaliza em uma conclusão valorativa. Abstract in spanish El artículo de investigación que se presenta tiene como fin indagar, en los estudios teóricos y empíricos que se abordan, cómo consideran la televisión los padres, los docentes y los niños. El objetivo perseguido es comparar las tres perspectivas, para posteriormente poder continuar la investigación [...] , con un trabajo de campo que compruebe y contraste los hallazgos teóricos. Los trabajos relevados estudian universos de distintas regiones geográficas y de diferentes grupos sociales, pero poseen fuertes coincidencias, ampliamente significativas. Abstract in english The following research article examines what parents, teachers and children think about television, based on a series of theoretical and empirical studies. The objective is to compare the three perspectives, before going on to test and compare the theoretical findings in the field. Although the stud [...] ies in question focus on different geographic regions and different social groups, they reveal clear coincidences that are quite significant.

Patricia, Nigro.

392

Pais, educadores e testes: estão de acordo na avaliação de aptidões de crianças pré-escolares? Parents, teachers and tests: do they agree in the assessment of oreschoolers'abilities?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O presente estudo pretende contribuir para o esclarecimento de questões relativas ao acordo entre pais e educadores quando avaliam o desenvolvimento infantil e com o grau em que estas avaliações estão relacionadas com aptidões cognitivas das crianças. Cento e setenta e três crianças pré-escolares foram classificadas de modo independente por pais e por educadores em diferentes áreas do desenvolvimento e os resultados na WPPSI-R foram tomados como critério externo. A idade e o género das crianças foram considerados nas análises realizadas. O grau de acordo entre informadores revelou-se baixo a moderado. Em comparação com os educadores, os pais classificam os seus filhos como mais desenvolvidos. Algumas dimensões do desenvolvimento (e.g. aprendizagem encontram-se mais relacionadas com o desempenho na WPPSI-R do que outras. Os resultados são discutidos quanto às suas implicações para a avaliação psicológica de crianças pré-escolares.This paper addresses issues related to the agreement between parents and teachers when they assess children's development, and to what extend those assessments are related to children's cognitive abilities. A hundred seventy three preschoolers were independently classified by their parents and teachers regarding different developmental domains. The results on the WPPSI-R test were taken as an external criterion to evaluate the accuracy of the parents' ratings. Children's age and gender were considered in the analysis. Inter-rater agreement is low to moderate. Compared with teachers, parents systematically rate their children as more developed. Some dimensions of development (e.g. learning are more related to performance on the WPPSIR than others. Results are discussed regarding their implications to the psychological assessment of preschoolers.

Maria João Seabra-Santos

2012-01-01

393

Evidence-Based Marketing for Academic Librarians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective - In developing marketing strategies for the Business & Economics Library (BEL at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC, a survey was designed to answer the following questions: - Should BEL develop marketing strategies differently for East Asian business students? - What services do graduate business students want to receive from BEL? - With whom should BEL partner to increase visibility at the College of Business? Marketing research techniques were used to gather evidence upon which BEL could construct appropriate marketing strategies. Methods - A questionnaire was used with graduate business students enrolled at UIUC. The survey consisted of four categories of questions: 1 demographics, 2 assessment of current library services, 3 desired library services, and 4 research behavior. The data were analyzed using desriptive statistics and hypothesis testing to answer the three research questions. Results - East Asian business students showed similar assessment of current services as non-East Asian international business students. Survey results also showed the graduate business students had low awareness of current library services. The Business Career Services Office was identified as a co-branding partner for BEL to increase its visibility. Conclusion - A marketing research approach was used to help BEL make important strategic decisions before launching marketing campaigns to increase visibility to graduate business students at UIUC. As a result of the survey, a deeper understanding of graduate business students' expectations and assessment of library services was gained. Students' perceptions became a foundation that helped shape marketing strategies for BEL to increase its visibility at the College of Business. Creating marketing strategies without concrete data and analysis is a risky endeavor that librarians, not just corporate marketers, should avoid.

Yoo-Seong Song

2006-03-01

394

Single-Parent Families: Myth and Reality  

Science.gov (United States)

Examines the myths surrounding single-parent families. Discusses lifestyles, parental roles, parent-child relationships, psychological development of the child, and how these concerns affect home economics programs (knowledge, skills, coping patterns, teaching methods, the role of 4-H, stereotypes, and teachers' communication with parents). (CT)

Verzaro, Marce; Hennon, Charles B.

1980-01-01

395

Does Your Parent Handbook Need a Makeover?  

Science.gov (United States)

In a survey, directors and teachers rated parent relations ("difficult parents"), parent communication, and effective communication among their greatest frustrations and most important training topics. Readers named discipline, nutrition, toilet training, and kindergarten readiness among the most common concerns expressed by parents regarding…

Rafanello, Donna

2006-01-01

396

Concordância entre relato de pais e professores para sintomas de TDAH: resultados de uma amostra clínica brasileira / Agreement rates between parents' and teachers' reports on ADHD symptomatology: findings from a Brazilian clinical sample  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: O diagnóstico de TDAH em crianças e adolescentes, segundo os critérios do DSM-IV, requer que os sintomas estejam presentes em, ao menos, dois ambientes distintos (principalmente escola e casa). Apesar da importância do relato de pais e professores, esse tema tem sido pouco investigado no B [...] rasil. OBJETIVO: Investigar a concordância entre os relatos de pais e professores de uma amostra clínica de crianças e adolescentes com diagnóstico de TDAH. MÉTODOS: A amostra era composta por 44 crianças e adolescentes com idades variando entre 6 e 16 anos (40 meninos e 4 meninas), com diagnóstico clínico de TDAH. Foram comparadas as respostas de pais e professores no questionário SNAP-IV, visando a calcular taxas de concordância entre diferentes fontes de informação para sintomas de TDAH. RESULTADOS: Concordância para o diagnóstico de TDAH ocorreu em aproximadamente metade dos casos; pais relataram mais sintomas de TDAH que professores. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados aqui apresentados podem mostrar que informações acerca da sintomatologia de TDAH não são bem divulgadas para professores brasileiros, indicando a necessidade de se investir em sessões educacionais sobre o transtorno, tendo em vista a importância do relato de profissionais de educação para o diagnóstico de TDAH. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: ADHD diagnosis in children and adolescents according to DSM-IV criteria demands symptoms to be present in at least two different settings (mainly school and home). Despite the importance in obtaining parents' and teachers' reports, this issue is seldom investigated in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: [...] We set to evaluate agreement rates between parents' and teachers' reports from a Brazilian clinical sample of children and adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: The sample comprised 44 children and adolescents with age range between 6 and 16 years old (boys: 40; girls: 4) with a clinical diagnosis of ADHD. We compared parents' and teachers' responses in SNAP-IV questionnaire in order to calculate agreement rates among different information sources on ADHD symptomatology. RESULTS: Agreement for ADHD diagnosis occurred in nearly half of the sample, with parents' reporting more ADHD symptomatology than teachers. CONCLUSION: Our findings might suggest that recognition of ADHD symptomatology is less clear-cut among school teachers in Brazil, indicating that some educational sessions about this condition should be conducted in schools, taking into consideration the importance of education professionals' reports to diagnose ADHD.

Gabriel, Coutinho; Paulo, Mattos; Marcelo, Schmitz; Didia, Fortes; Manuela, Borges.

397

Concordância entre relato de pais e professores para sintomas de TDAH: resultados de uma amostra clínica brasileira Agreement rates between parents' and teachers' reports on ADHD symptomatology: findings from a Brazilian clinical sample  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available CONTEXTO: O diagnóstico de TDAH em crianças e adolescentes, segundo os critérios do DSM-IV, requer que os sintomas estejam presentes em, ao menos, dois ambientes distintos (principalmente escola e casa. Apesar da importância do relato de pais e professores, esse tema tem sido pouco investigado no Brasil. OBJETIVO: Investigar a concordância entre os relatos de pais e professores de uma amostra clínica de crianças e adolescentes com diagnóstico de TDAH. MÉTODOS: A amostra era composta por 44 crianças e adolescentes com idades variando entre 6 e 16 anos (40 meninos e 4 meninas, com diagnóstico clínico de TDAH. Foram comparadas as respostas de pais e professores no questionário SNAP-IV, visando a calcular taxas de concordância entre diferentes fontes de informação para sintomas de TDAH. RESULTADOS: Concordância para o diagnóstico de TDAH ocorreu em aproximadamente metade dos casos; pais relataram mais sintomas de TDAH que professores. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados aqui apresentados podem mostrar que informações acerca da sintomatologia de TDAH não são bem divulgadas para professores brasileiros, indicando a necessidade de se investir em sessões educacionais sobre o transtorno, tendo em vista a importância do relato de profissionais de educação para o diagnóstico de TDAH.BACKGROUND: ADHD diagnosis in children and adolescents according to DSM-IV criteria demands symptoms to be present in at least two different settings (mainly school and home. Despite the importance in obtaining parents' and teachers' reports, this issue is seldom investigated in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: We set to evaluate agreement rates between parents' and teachers' reports from a Brazilian clinical sample of children and adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: The sample comprised 44 children and adolescents with age range between 6 and 16 years old (boys: 40; girls: 4 with a clinical diagnosis of ADHD. We compared parents' and teachers' responses in SNAP-IV questionnaire in order to calculate agreement rates among different information sources on ADHD symptomatology. RESULTS: Agreement for ADHD diagnosis occurred in nearly half of the sample, with parents' reporting more ADHD symptomatology than teachers. CONCLUSION: Our findings might suggest that recognition of ADHD symptomatology is less clear-cut among school teachers in Brazil, indicating that some educational sessions about this condition should be conducted in schools, taking into consideration the importance of education professionals' reports to diagnose ADHD.

Gabriel Coutinho

2009-01-01

398

76 FR 72003 - Proposed Collection, Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Grant Program Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

...Collection, Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Grant Program Evaluation AGENCY: Institute...impacts of the Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Grant Program. A copy of the proposed...evaluation of the Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Grant Program which began in 2003....

2011-11-21

399

Using National Data to Make Decisions as a Solo Librarian: A Conversation with NCES  

Science.gov (United States)

School libraries have increasingly seen the number of school librarians in each school decrease, creating more solo librarian positions in schools. While this is not a new dilemma, it is one that requires initiative and persistence on the part of the school librarian to accomplish tasks and make decisions. Making decisions about individual school…

Andrews, Sandra D.

2011-01-01

400

Professional Activities, Needed Competencies and Training Needs of Medical Librarians in Pakistan  

Science.gov (United States)

The study aims to explore the professional activities, needed competencies and education/training needs of medical librarians in Pakistan. The following questions guided the study: what are the current professional activities of medical librarians in Pakistan? What is their perception of the competencies needed of medical librarians? And what are…

Ullah, Midrar; Ameen, Kanwal; Bakhtar, Salman

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

37 CFR 251.56 - Order of the Librarian of Congress.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 false Order of the Librarian of Congress. 251.56 Section 251...Royalty Panels § 251.56 Order of the Librarian of Congress. (a) After the filing...of the determination of a panel, the Librarian of Congress shall issue an order...

2010-07-01

402

Moving from Introverted to Extraverted Embedded Librarian Services: An Example of a Proactive Model  

Science.gov (United States)

Librarians at Wayne State College have developed an extraverted online embedded librarian model whereby librarians proactively push out content to students at time-appropriate moments. This article outlines why extraverted approaches are more effective than introverted approaches. It also details how to develop an extraverted program. First,…

Knight, Valerie R.; Loftis, Charissa

2012-01-01

403

Educating Pre-Service School Librarians for the Instructional Partner Role: An Exploration into University Curricula  

Science.gov (United States)

In "Empowering Learners: Guidelines for School Library Programs" (2009), the American Association of School Librarians (AASL) identified the instructional partner role of school librarians as the most critical role for the future of the profession. To determine the extent to which school librarian preparation programs prepare pre-service…

Moreillon, Judi; Kimmel, Sue; Gavigan, Karen

2014-01-01

404

The Benefits of Non-Library Professional Organization Membership for Liaison Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

Although liaison librarians have two important professional identities--librarian and subject specialist--the library literature has paid scant attention to their membership and participation in non-library professional organizations. This article analyzes a study of ten librarians who joined non-library associations and concludes that membership…

Bennett, Miranda Henry

2011-01-01

405

37 CFR 251.53 - Report to the Librarian of Congress.  

Science.gov (United States)

...2010-07-01 false Report to the Librarian of Congress. 251.53 Section 251...Royalty Panels § 251.53 Report to the Librarian of Congress. (a) At any time...Arbitration Royalty Panel shall deliver to the Librarian of Congress a report...

2010-07-01

406

Avoiding School Librarian Burnout: Simple Steps to Ensure Your Personal Best  

Science.gov (United States)

All librarians, even those working one job, can become victims of burnout. Burnout can occur throughout the course of any career, and can pose a serious threat. On a daily basis, librarians help patrons fight their way through a haze of misinformation and disinformation. A good librarian is always on the ready, shifting gears from MLA source…

DelGuidice, Margaux

2011-01-01

407

Implementing web-scale discovery services a practical guide for librarians  

CERN Document Server

Implementing Web-Scale Discovery Services: A Practical Guide for Librarians is a source for librarians seeking to evaluate, purchase, and implement a web-scale discovery service. The book breaks down each phase of the project into decision points and action plans to help librarians select and implement a system that meets their specific needs.

Thompson, JoLinda

2014-01-01

408

Bridging the Great Divide: Improving Relations between Librarians and Classroom Faculty.  

Science.gov (United States)

Articulates a rationale for seeking improved librarian-faculty relations based on a comprehensive literature review, and explores methods for evaluating the quality of librarian-faculty relations. Highlights include ways to involve faculty in library programs, involving librarians in classroom activities, increasing faculty awareness of library…

Kotter, Wade R.

1999-01-01

409

The flipped classroom: practices and opportunities for health sciences librarians.  

Science.gov (United States)

The "flipped classroom" instructional model is being introduced into medical and health sciences curricula to provide greater efficiency in curriculum delivery and produce greater opportunity for in-depth class discussion and problem solving among participants. As educators employ the flipped classroom to invert curriculum delivery and enhance learning, health sciences librarians are also starting to explore the flipped classroom model for library instruction. This article discusses how academic and health sciences librarians are using the flipped classroom and suggests opportunities for this model to be further explored for library services. PMID:25316072

Youngkin, C Andrew

2014-01-01

410

Digital Photo Librarian Image Editor 4.0  

Science.gov (United States)

For persons hoping to catalog and modify extensive digitized photo collections, the Digital Photo Librarian application will be a welcome addition to their software library. The application allows users to manage large photo collections, along with providing the capability of supporting a variety of image formats. Additionally, users can use the application to create CD-ROMs of their photos, modify their images, or remove "red-eye" from photographs. The Digital Photo Librarian is available for use with operating systems utilizing Windows 95 and higher.

411

Exploring education for digital librarians meaning, modes and models  

CERN Document Server

Exploring Education for Digital Librarians provides a refreshing perspective on the discipline and profession of Library and Information Science (LIS), with a focus on preparing students for careers as librarians who can deal with present and future digital information environments. A re-examination of the knowledge base of the field, combined with a proposed theoretical structure for LIS, provide the basis for this work, which also examines competencies for practice as well as some of the international changes in the nature of higher education. The authors finally suggest a model that could b

Myburgh, Sue

2013-01-01

412

Exploring new roles for librarians the research informationist  

CERN Document Server

Librarians have been providing support to researchers for many years, typically with a focus on responding to researchers' needs for access to the existing literature. However, librarians' skills and expertise make them uniquely suited to provide a wide range of assistance to researchers across the entire research process, from conception of the research question to archiving of collected data at the project's conclusion. In response to increasingly stringent demands on researchers to share their data, and as computationally intensive and primarily data-driven scientific methods begin to take

Federer, Lisa

2014-01-01

413

How to assess and compare inter-rater reliability, agreement and correlation of ratings: an exemplary analysis of mother-father and parent-teacher expressive vocabulary rating pairs.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report has two main purposes. First, we combine well-known analytical approaches to conduct a comprehensive assessment of agreement and correlation of rating-pairs and to dis-entangle these often confused concepts, providing a best-practice example on concrete data and a tutorial for future reference. Second, we explore whether a screening questionnaire developed for use with parents can be reliably employed with daycare teachers when assessing early expressive vocabulary. A total of 53 vocabulary rating pairs (34 parent-teacher and 19 mother-father pairs) collected for two-year-old children (12 bilingual) are evaluated. First, inter-rater reliability both within and across subgroups is assessed using the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Next, based on this analysis of reliability and on the test-retest reliability of the employed tool, inter-rater agreement is analyzed, magnitude and direction of rating differences are considered. Finally, Pearson correlation coefficients of standardized vocabulary scores are calculated and compared across subgroups. The results underline the necessity to distinguish between reliability measures, agreement and correlation. They also demonstrate the impact of the employed reliability on agreement evaluations. This study provides evidence that parent-teacher ratings of children's early vocabulary can achieve agreement and correlation comparable to those of mother-father ratings on the assessed vocabulary scale. Bilingualism of the evaluated child decreased the likelihood of raters' agreement. We conclude that future reports of agreement, correlation and reliability of ratings will benefit from better definition of terms and stricter methodological approaches. The methodological tutorial provided here holds the potential to increase comparability across empirical reports and can help improve research practices and knowledge transfer to educational and therapeutic settings. PMID:24994985

Stolarova, Margarita; Wolf, Corinna; Rinker, Tanja; Brielmann, Aenne

2014-01-01

414

How to assess and compare inter-rater reliability, agreement and correlation of ratings: an exemplary analysis of mother-father and parent-teacher expressive vocabulary rating pairs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This report has two main purposes. First, we combine well-known analytical approaches to conduct a comprehensive assessment of agreement and correlation of rating-pairs and to dis-entangle these often confused concepts, providing a best-practice example on concrete data and a tutorial for future reference. Second, we explore whether a screening questionnaire deve-loped for use with parents can be reliably employed with daycare teachers when assessing early expressive vocabulary. A total of 53 vocabulary rating pairs (34 parent-teacher and 19 mother-father pairs collected for two-year-old children (12 bilingual are evaluated. First, inter-rater reliability both within and across subgroups is assessed using the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC. Next, based on this analysis of reliability and on the test-retest reliability of the employed tool, inter-rater agreement is analyzed, magnitude and direction of rating differences are considered. Finally, Pearson correlation coefficients of standardized vocabulary scores are calculated and compared across subgroups. The results underline the necessity to distinguish between reliability measures, agreement and correlation. They also demonstrate the impact of the employed reliability on agreement evaluations. This study provides evidence that parent-teacher ratings of children’s early vocabulary can achieve agreement and correlation comparable to those of mother-father ratings on the assessed vocabulary scale. Bilingualism of the evaluated child decreased the likelihood of raters’ agreement. We conclude that future reports of agree-ment, correlation and reliability of ratings will benefit from better definition of terms and stricter methodological approaches. The methodological tutorial provided here holds the potential to increase comparability across empirical reports and can help improve research practices and knowledge transfer to educational and therapeutic settings.

MargaritaStolarova

2014-06-01

415

Teachers! Parents! Beware of RSI.  

Science.gov (United States)

Musculo-skeleton injuries, which include tendinitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, chronic neck and back pain, and other Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI), are the leading causes of disability in working-age people in North America. This paper highlights studies indicating that computer users are especially susceptible to these injuries; therefore, the…

Ubelacker, Sandra

416

Private University Librarian's Experience on Procurement of Books in Bangladesh  

Science.gov (United States)

The private universities in Bangladesh are playing an important role in modernizing the higher education system in the country and the role of librarians is also different and challenging. Specially, procuring books and monographs is an exigent function being this lost its demand very quickly. In some cases, titles bear only one semester…

Chowdhury, Muhammad Hossam Haider

2011-01-01

417

Peering around the Corner: Futures Thinking for Academic Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

The Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) has a long history of data collection, environmental scanning, and trends analysis. Its most recent work, "Futures Thinking for Academic Librarians," uses a 15-year horizon to look beyond the worries of the current economic cycle and the short-term future in order to anticipate the changing…

Hinchliffe, Lisa Janicke; Malenfant, Kara

2010-01-01

418

De bibliotecas médicas y bibliotecarios / From medical libraries and librarians  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se brinda una panorámica sobre el origen del Día del Bibliotecario Cubano, el surgimiento de las bibliotecas en Cuba, y la evolución histórica y situación actual de la primera biblioteca médica de la provincia de Santiago de Cuba, con énfasis en la labor de sus bibliotecarias desde su apertura hasta [...] la fecha. Asimismo se abordan aspectos relacionados con los servicios ofrecidos en las bibliotecas de ciencias de la salud y las competencias que deben poseer sus bibliotecarios y documentalistas en el siglo XXI. Finalmente, se expresa el reconocimiento a aquellos compañeros que con tanto amor y dedicación iniciaron esta actividad, y facilitaron a los profesionales de ciencias de la salud del territorio el acceso a la información. Abstract in english An overview is provided of the origin of the Cuban Librarian´s Day, the emergence of libraries in Cuba, and the historical development and current situation of the first medical library in Santiago de Cuba province, with emphasis in the work of its librarians from their opening to date. Also aspects [...] related to the services offered in the libraries of the health sciences and the competences that its librarians and documentalists should have in the XXI century are discussed. Finally, the recognition is expressed to those partners who began this activity with so much love and dedication, and they facilitated the professionals of health sciences of the territory the access to the information.

Esther, Mayor Guerra; Elaine, Duperet Cabrera; Ileana, Castillo Asensio.

419

Complete Copyright for K-12 Librarians and Educators  

Science.gov (United States)

School librarians and educators have specific copyright questions that are often glossed over in larger books on the subject. Now, thanks to best-selling copyright authority Carrie Russell, there's a resource just for them, offering clear guidance for providing materials to students while carefully observing copyright law. Using whimsical…

Russell, Carrie

2012-01-01

420

De bibliotecas médicas y bibliotecarios / From medical libraries and librarians  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se brinda una panorámica sobre el origen del Día del Bibliotecario Cubano, el surgimiento de las bibliotecas en Cuba, y la evolución histórica y situación actual de la primera biblioteca médica de la provincia de Santiago de Cuba, con énfasis en la labor de sus bibliotecarias desde su apertura hasta [...] la fecha. Asimismo se abordan aspectos relacionados con los servicios ofrecidos en las bibliotecas de ciencias de la salud y las competencias que deben poseer sus bibliotecarios y documentalistas en el siglo XXI. Finalmente, se expresa el reconocimiento a aquellos compañeros que con tanto amor y dedicación iniciaron esta actividad, y facilitaron a los profesionales de ciencias de la salud del territorio el acceso a la información. Abstract in english An overview is provided of the origin of the Cuban Librarian´s Day, the emergence of libraries in Cuba, and the historical development and current situation of the first medical library in Santiago de Cuba province, with emphasis in the work of its librarians from their opening to date. Also aspects [...] related to the services offered in the libraries of the health sciences and the competences that its librarians and documentalists should have in the XXI century are discussed. Finally, the recognition is expressed to those partners who began this activity with so much love and dedication, and they facilitated the professionals of health sciences of the territory the access to the information.

Esther, Mayor Guerra; Elaine, Duperet Cabrera; Ileana, Castillo Asensio.

2079-20-01

 
 
 
 
421

Doing Social Media So It Matters: A Librarian's Guide  

Science.gov (United States)

Facebook, Twitter, MySpace, LinkedIn: it's difficult enough to keep abreast of social media Web sites, let alone understand how they fit into today's library. This practical resource brings together current information on the topic in a concise format that's easy to digest. Laura Solomon is a librarian with more than a decade of experience in Web…

Solomon, Laura

2010-01-01

422

Beyond Library Walls: Embedding Librarians in Academic Departments  

Science.gov (United States)

Today's academic library provides resources that users can access both physically in the library and virtually from academic offices. This increasing availability of online access means that information resources are no longer confined within library walls and librarians need to rethink how their constituents' information needs are being met.…

Matava, Tobie; Coffey, Dan; Kushkowski, Jeffrey

2010-01-01

423

School Librarian + Technology Specialist = Partnership for Effective Technology Integration  

Science.gov (United States)

The explosion of technology and information has resulted in major changes in education in the twenty-first century. School librarians have a vital role to play in efforts to ensure that students are equipped with the skills and knowledge they need to succeed and participate in the digital society of the twenty-first century. This role presents an…

Johnston, Melissa P.

2013-01-01

424

Using Learning Styles in Information Literacy: Critical Considerations for Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

Librarians are using learning styles as a tool to engage students and enhance their teaching. However, a review of the literature reveals that learning styles theory is complex and problematic. It is important to base our practice on sound pedagogy. This critical examination of learning styles explores the issues surrounding them and what they can…

Sanderson, Heather

2011-01-01

425

Taking Care of Yourself: Stress and the Librarian  

Science.gov (United States)

Stress is a part of our working lives and is not likely to decrease in tomorrow's workplace. A difficult economy, downsizing, taking on additional responsibilities without assistance or additional pay--all are taking their toll on our physical, mental, and emotional well-being. Community college librarians can often feel isolated as the only…

Spencer, Roxanne Myers

2013-01-01

426

Librarian's Handbook for Seeking, Writing, and Managing Grants  

CERN Document Server

As times get tougher, grants become increasingly important to librarians seeking to maintain and expand facilities, programs, and resources. Unfortunately, tough times also mean tighter money and more hands reaching for the grants that do exist. Fortunately, there are things that can be done to enhance your institution's chances of getting the funds it needs.

Hall-Ellis, Sylvia D

2011-01-01

427

School Librarian's Bill of Responsibilities and the ALA Core Competences  

Science.gov (United States)

In January 2009, the American Library Association (ALA) completed a ten-year reexamination of the core competences needed by professional librarians graduating from ALA-accredited institutions. The ALA's "Core Competences of Librarianship" encompass the basic knowledge expected of all graduates in all specializations. The core beliefs and policies…

Bogel, Gayle

2009-01-01

428

The Newly Embedded Librarian: Pharmacy Information Liaison Service  

Science.gov (United States)

Embedded librarianship has emerged as one approach to meeting the ever-evolving information needs of our clients. The University of Arizona Health Sciences Library has endeavored to become more proactive by embedding librarians within each of the four colleges it serves. Although the process of establishing visibility, recognition, and developing…

Martin, Jennifer R.

2010-01-01

429

How to Be an E[superscript 3] Librarian  

Science.gov (United States)

Embedded librarianship is a relatively new term but is a fairly well-established stance in academic librarianship. While the terminology has certainly spawned new activities and vigorous new channels of communication, few are talking about the strategies for expanding and enhancing the position of the librarian and libraries organizationally once…

McMillen, Paula; Fabbi, Jennifer

2010-01-01

430

The Evidence-Based Manifesto for School Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

School Library Journal's 2007 Leadership Summit, "Where's the Evidence? Understanding the Impact of School Libraries," focused on the topic of evidence-based practice. Evidence-based school librarianship is a systematic approach that engages research-derived evidence, school librarian-observed evidence, and user-reported evidence in the processes…

Todd, Ross

2008-01-01

431

Librarian Sabbatical Leaves: Do We Need to Get Out More?  

Science.gov (United States)

This article continues the conversation about librarian sabbatical participation. Analyses are based on quantitative and qualitative data gathered using an online questionnaire. While numerical results show little change in sabbatical participation over time, respondents had much to say about this topic. The author highlights common themes using…

Flaspohler, Molly R.

2009-01-01

432

The Role of the Acquisitions Librarian in Electronic Resources Management  

Science.gov (United States)

With the ongoing shift to electronic formats for library resources, acquisitions librarians, like the rest of the profession, must adapt to the rapidly changing landscape of electronic resources by keeping up with trends and mastering new skills related to digital publishing, technology, and licensing. The author sought to know what roles…

Pomerantz, Sarah B.

2010-01-01

433

Technology mediator: a new role for the reference librarian?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Arizona Health Sciences Library has collaborated with clinical faculty to develop a federated search engine that is useful for meeting real-time clinical information needs. This article proposes a technology mediation role for the reference librarian that was inspired by the project, and describes the collaborative model used for developing technology-mediated services for targeted users.

Howse, David K.; Bracke, Paul J.; Keim, Samuel M.

2006-01-01

434

Technology mediator: a new role for the reference librarian?  

Science.gov (United States)

The Arizona Health Sciences Library has collaborated with clinical faculty to develop a federated search engine that is useful for meeting real-time clinical information needs. This article proposes a technology mediation role for the reference librarian that was inspired by the project, and describes the collaborative model used for developing technology-mediated services for targeted users. PMID:17040566

Howse, David K; Bracke, Paul J; Keim, Samuel M

2006-01-01

435

The Key to a Librarian's Success: Developing Entrepreneurial Traits.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the need for librarians to develop effective strategic plans and to regard the library operation as a business operation. Explains 12 entrepreneurial traits that are needed for success in librarianship and information services, including passion, enthusiasm, trustworthiness, creativity, persistence, responsibility, flexibility,…

Toftoy, Charles N.

2002-01-01

436

The Future Role of Librarians in the Virtual Library Environment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Considers the role of librarians in a virtual library environment. Highlights include providing intellectual access to information in any format; evaluating available sources of information; organizing information; ensuring the preservation of information; providing specialized staff to help meet information needs; and the economic impact of…

Burke, Liz

2002-01-01

437

Job Satisfaction of Academic Librarians: A Review of Literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

This literature review on job satisfaction of academic librarians is divided into two sections. The first section deals with the conceptual framework which includes two theoretical approaches to job satisfaction. These theories include Maslow's Needs Hierarchy Theory and Herzberg's Two-Factor (Motivation/Hygiene) Theory. Criticisms of these…

Mirfakhrai, Mohammad H.

438

Education of librarians for a career in economic sector  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article quotes opinions of foreign and Slovene library and information professionals about the possibilities of employment, states working potentials of librarians and suggests a strategy to increase the number of special librarians in Slovene economic sector. The author aims to represent as many possibilities of employment as possible -traditional library and information positions and jobs beyond library and information science - and especially emphasizes the possibilities for Iibrarians in economic sector.The research was madde on the basis of literature on employment of librarians, mainly with the help of university programs which quote positions of their graduates. Working potential of graduates is represented by courses taught at foreign and Slovene universities and the possibilities of employment in economic sector are shown by statistical data.The article concludes with the statement that there are many possible jobs in the field of library and information science and in other branches. Slovenia could increase thc number of special librarians in economic sector.

Irena Marinko

1999-01-01

439

Beyond SHHHH! Critical Issues Facing School Librarians Today.  

Science.gov (United States)

Looks at some of the crucial issues facing school librarians today. Considers where school libraries have been and where they are going. Identifies 10 crucial issues: reading, reading revisited, balance among resources, inquiry skills, information access, technology leadership, navigation skills, selecting Internet resources, technology…

Schomberg, Janie

2001-01-01

440

Rethinking and Transforming Acquisitions: The Acquisitions Librarian's Perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the managerial, business, and personal skills that will be needed for acquisitions librarians to remain central to the virtual library. Considers the issues of self-leadership, management, and survival in a continual state of change, and the need for creativity and innovation, as well as more traditional skills. (Author/AEF)

Diedrichs, Carol Pitts

1998-01-01

 
 
 
 
441

E-book usage amongst academic librarians in South Africa  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study completed in 2010 was to investigate the use of e-books amongst academic librarians; in particular which e-books are available to academic librarians, why they choose this format, what impact e-books have on librarians’ professional practice and what the usage patterns of e-books are amongst academic librarians. A web-based questionnaire was distributed on the LIASA mailing list. The results reflect a more gradual trend towards e-book adoption. There is still a preference for print or a “bit of both” – print and electronic. This is because of the high costs of e-books using the subscription model as the predominant e-book acquisition model and the lack of sufficient e-books in all subject fields. E-books are used for “browsing for information” and are selected for functionalities such as having the ability to search the document, anytime access and automatic citation. Major problems identified with e-books are: the cost of the equipment to read e-book formats; the cost of the e-books, especially if the subscription purchasing model is used; the lack of reliability of the Internet; and the lack of training in the use of e-books.

Sandy Zinn

2011-01-01

442

Collaborations between Librarians and Faculty in a Digital Age  

Science.gov (United States)

If Google represents the first flicker of information technology, the development of additional tools has continued to enhance access to information but with the unfortunate downside of decreasing information literacy. Todd Gilman, librarian for literature in English at Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library, decries the resulting disconnect…

Campbell, Melissa

2010-01-01

443

The Value of School Librarian Support in the Digital World  

Science.gov (United States)

The mission of school librarians in the digital age of information gathering and messaging has not undergone any real change of focus. Even though the tools and methods available for accessing information have significantly altered the way people now use library services, school libraries remain a constant place to make valuable discoveries. The…

Ballew, Linda M.

2014-01-01

444

Pais, educadores e testes: estão de acordo na avaliação de aptidões de crianças pré-escolares? / Parents, teachers and tests: do they agree in the assessment of oreschoolers'abilities?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O presente estudo pretende contribuir para o esclarecimento de questões relativas ao acordo entre pais e educadores quando avaliam o desenvolvimento infantil e com o grau em que estas avaliações estão relacionadas com aptidões cognitivas das crianças. Cento e setenta e três crianças pré-escolares fo [...] ram classificadas de modo independente por pais e por educadores em diferentes áreas do desenvolvimento e os resultados na WPPSI-R foram tomados como critério externo. A idade e o género das crianças foram considerados nas análises realizadas. O grau de acordo entre informadores revelou-se baixo a moderado. Em comparação com os educadores, os pais classificam os seus filhos como mais desenvolvidos. Algumas dimensões do desenvolvimento (e.g. aprendizagem) encontram-se mais relacionadas com o desempenho na WPPSI-R do que outras. Os resultados são discutidos quanto às suas implicações para a avaliação psicológica de crianças pré-escolares. Abstract in english This paper addresses issues related to the agreement between parents and teachers when they assess children's development, and to what extend those assessments are related to children's cognitive abilities. A hundred seventy three preschoolers were independently classified by their parents and teach [...] ers regarding different developmental domains. The results on the WPPSI-R test were taken as an external criterion to evaluate the accuracy of the parents' ratings. Children's age and gender were considered in the analysis. Inter-rater agreement is low to moderate. Compared with teachers, parents systematically rate their children as more developed. Some dimensions of development (e.g. learning) are more related to performance on the WPPSIR than others. Results are discussed regarding their implications to the psychological assessment of preschoolers.

Maria João, Seabra-Santos; Maria Filomena Fonseca, Gaspar.

445

Research group librarian – a cooperating partner in research?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Academic libraries encounter many challenges when providing services for researchers and it is evident that use of the library in information searches has reduced significantly over time and continues to decrease.However, a study in Norway in 2007, at Vestfold University College (VUC, demonstrated that there is great potential to increase faculty staff’s use of the library’s digital resources with the right form of engagement. The findings led VUC’s library to focus on its services for this particular user group.In 2009, VUC library initiated a study to investigate the possible effects of a librarian participating as a ‘Research Group Librarian’.The research project, in which this new role was tried out, was called ‘Kindergarten space, materiality, learning and meaning-making’. This was a three year project, funded by the Research Council of Norway. There were eight part time researchers involved in this project, two senior researchers and the research group librarian.The study adopted an ethnographic approach. The research group librarian was a fully participating member of the research team throughout the project.The empirical sources for the study included:semi-structured interviews with the project leader and the participating researchers: short individual interviews at the beginning of the project with each of the research group participants; several group interviews with the majority of the research team midway in the project;observation and field notesThe results are presented under the following categories:implications for the researcher; emphasising behaviour in relation to information search and reference management skills;communication and information within, and evolving from, the project;collaboration in writing a review article;implications for the library – internal, and at VUC in general;the librarian’s role – a ‘boundary worker’?The study demonstrated that as a member of a research group a librarian can have positive impact on the researchers’ work. Appropriate library services become more distinct. Ideas for new library services for the user group evolve and develop naturally during the engagement process.Although this is a minor study and insufficient to make generalisations, the findings are interesting and worth considering in the further development of academic library services for faculty staff and researchers.

Heidi Kristin Olsen

2012-11-01

446

Academic Library Administrators Perceive Value in Their Librarians’ Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A Review of: Perkins, G.H. & Slowik, A.J.W. (2013. The value of research in academic libraries. College & Research Libraries, 74(2, 143-158. Retrieved from http://crl.acrl.org/content/74/2/143.full.pdf+html Abstract Objective – To explore academic library administrators’ perceived value of their librarians’ research, specifically the importance to the profession and the library community. Design – Qualitative, exploratory study using a survey questionnaire. Setting – Academic libraries in the United States of America. Subjects – 23 library administrators. Methods – During the summer of 2010, one of the authors conducted 20-30 minute telephone interviews with 23 academic library administrators. Interviews were recorded and transcribed for coding. Interview questions 1-3 and 8-19 were content-analyzed; the authors described common themes for each of these questions. Items 4-7 had Likert scale response formats, and a mean and standard deviation were computed for each of these items. Main Results – The benefits of librarians’ research included fulfilling tenure-track requirements, enriching relationships with teaching faculty, library faculty recognition, improved services and programs, collaboration with others, research result application to daily issues, development as librarians, and improved knowledge of the research field. The perceived current changes and future issues for university libraries included increased digitization of collections, scholarly communication, and expanded instructional engagement of faculty and students, as well as future economic downturn and budget cuts. Administrators noted several methods that influenced their thinking: professional meetings, reading professional journals, informal discussions with colleagues, and social media such as Facebook and Twitter. Academic library administrators used a variety of methods to support their librarians’ research. These included tenure-track requirements, research incentives, travel funds, grants, sabbaticals, release time, and shared communication about research. Additionally, there was a substantial perceived interrelationship between how librarians’ research benefited the librarian, the library, the university, and the profession. Recognition and new programs and services were thought to benefit all four areas, and monetary rewards were considered benefits for the first three areas. Conclusion – Based on the sample of 23 academic library administrators, the authors conclude that librarians’ research is perceived as valuable to both the academic and library communities.

Elaine Sullo

2014-09-01

447

A Study of Science Teachers' Homework Practices  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigates Turkish middle school science teachers' homework practices, the value teachers attach to homework and teachers' communication with parents about homework. One hundred and sixty-eight teachers completed surveys. Teachers reported to assign homework frequently: 93.4 per cent of the teachers reported that they assign…

Tas, Yasemin; Sungur-Vural, Semra; Öztekin, Ceren

2014-01-01

448

How Parents Can Encourage Creativity in Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Children are often far more gifted than their parents or teachers realize--and in different ways. IQ tests do not measure creative talent. Most children start life with valuable creative potential. Unfortunately, many of them have it knocked out of them, so to speak, by the time they reach the 4th grade. It is not that parents and teachers

Md-Yunus, Sham'ah

2007-01-01

449

Effective Parenting  

Science.gov (United States)

... parents? There is a whole history to your parent-child relationship that began at the moment your youngster was ... effectively, so they will not interfere with your parent-child relationships. For example, if you are like many parents, ...

450

Middle East Materials for Teachers, Students, Non-Specialists.  

Science.gov (United States)

This annotated bibliography is intended for teachers, students, school librarians, and others as an aid in selecting materials to support teaching about the Middle East. Eleven chapters cover: (1) "Reference and General Works"; (2) "Physical Geography"; (3) "Folktales, Literature, Fiction"; (4) "Religion"; (5) "Peoples and Cultures"; (6) "History…

Jones, Catherine E., Ed.

451

Integrating Information Literacy into Teacher Education: A Successful Grant Project  

Science.gov (United States)

Information literacy has gained importance over the last few decades, not only among librarians, but also with higher education faculty. Information literacy instruction is important for all college-level students. However, it is essential for teacher education students who must not only be information literate themselves, but also be able to…

Earp, Vanessa

2009-01-01

452

Consulting Teacher Code of Ethics.  

Science.gov (United States)

The code of ethics for consulting teachers, developed by Vermont's Consulting Teacher Program (a model for training special educators to act as consultants to regular educators) addresses qualifications, procedures, and the consulting teacher's relationship with students, parents, and other staff. (CL)

Alnasrawi, Susan C.; Gill, Janet A.

1981-01-01

453

What Do Librarians Think about Marketing? A Survey of Public Librarians' Attitudes toward the Marketing of Library Services  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to identify attitudes of public librarians toward the marketing of library services and relate these attitudes to selected independent variables. A questionnaire was mailed to individual members of the New Jersey Library Association. Although most of the respondents had generally positive attitudes toward library…

Shontz, Marilyn L.; Parker, Jon C.; Parker, Richard

2004-01-01

454

Learning a Musical Instrument: The Case for Parental Support  

Science.gov (United States)

The aims of this research were to identify the ways in which parents may most constructively support their children's musical development, and to ascertain whether styles of parent-teacher and parent-pupil interaction would influence the extent to which parents engage in different types of supportive behaviours. A model of parent involvement as…

Creech, Andrea

2010-01-01

455

Yoga for Exceptional Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author shares how Yoga can help make life easier for parents. The author started practicing with a Hatha Yoga teacher once a week at the local church community center. The breath (Pranayama) leads to self-discovery, Yoga poses (asanas) lead to quieting of the mind and self-connection. That was seven years ago, and since then,…

Kuhn, Jackie

2008-01-01

456

Working with Proactive Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

Music education doesn't end in the classroom; for many teachers, it's crucial to engage on the home front as well. Parental involvement can have an enormous impact on a music program. Mothers and fathers--as well as other family members--can act as strong advocates, effective fundraisers, sources of invaluable help for performances, and…

Poliniak, Susan

2010-01-01

457

Inner-city African American parental involvement in children's schooling: racial socialization and social support from the parent community.  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents (n = 161) and teachers (n = 18) from an urban elementary school serving primarily African American children completed questionnaires regarding racial socialization, social support, and involvement in activities that support youth educational achievement at home and school. Parental reports of racism awareness, and contact with school staff were significantly correlated with parent reports of at-home involvement and at-school involvement. Parent reports of social support from the parent community were significantly related to at-home involvement only. Relative to teacher reports, parents reported more formal contacts with school staff, and higher levels of racism awareness, religiosity, and African American cultural pride. Teachers and parents agreed on school climate and parental levels of at-home and at-school involvement. The results suggest that racial socialization processes are related to parent involvement in children's schooling and that increased efforts are needed to bridge a cultural gap between parents and teachers in inner-city communities. PMID:14570440

McKay, Mary McKernan; Atkins, Marc S; Hawkins, Tracie; Brown, Catherine; Lynn, Cynthia J

2003-09-01

458

Thoughts on the construction of subject librarian team in specialized libraries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The meaning and responsibility of subject Librarian are introduced in brief, after that the necessity of that is expatiated. Establishing and improving the subject librarian system are necessary to knowledge innovation in the era of knowledge economy and are useful to service innovation and improving the quality and level of information service in specialized libraries. Against the background of information age, as well special requirements on subject librarian in specialized libraries, focus and difficulties of construction of subject librarian team are analysed, the viewpoint that construction of subject librarian team should be gradual sis proposed, and two kinds of ways will coexist in a long term. Fist, to be competent for the work of subject librarian librarians in-service should be selected to pursue second degree. Second, full-time or part-time professional should be employed to cooperate with librarians, finally, supporting measures of subject librarian team are expatiated, that is to improve the treatment of subject librarian, to establish an effective management mechanism, and to establish a business training system. (author)

459

Falamos da mesma criança? Concordância mãe - pai - professores na avaliação do temperamento de crianças portuguesas / Is that the same child? Parents' and teachers' agreement in temperament assessment of portuguese children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Com este trabalho pretendeu-se analisar o grau de concordância entre diferentes informadores - mães, pais, professores do ensino regular e dos apoios educativos (quando aplicável) - na avaliação do temperamento de crianças com 2 a 7 anos de idade. O estudo incidiu sobre uma amostra de 138 crianças, [...] distribuídas por quatro grupos com diferentes características desenvolvimentais: síndrome de Down, Autismo, Nascimento Prematuro e Desenvolvimento Normal. Os informadores preencheram a Temperament Assessment Battery for Children - Revised nas versões para pais ou para professores. Encontraram-se correlações elevadas entre informadores que observam a criança no mesmo contexto e baixas entre avaliações de adultos pertencentes a contextos diferentes. Os resultados são discutidos em função das suas possíveis implicações para a avaliação do temperamento de crianças. Abstract in english This study was intended to address the issue of convergence between informants (mother, father, regular teacher and special education teacher, whenever applicable) when assessing the temperament of children between 2 and 7 years old. The study was based on a sample of 138 children, distributed into [...] four groups with different developmental characteristics: Down syndrome, Autism, Premature Birth, and Normal Development. Informants filled in the Temperament Assessment Battery for Children - Revised in its parents' or teachers' versions. Whereas correlations between assessments made by adults of different contexts were low, high correlations were found between informants who observe the child in the same context. Results are discussed in terms of their possible implications for the assessment of children's temperament.

Maria João, Seabra-Santos; Margarida Sousa, Almeida.

460

Falamos da mesma criança? Concordância mãe - pai - professores na avaliação do temperamento de crianças portuguesas / Is that the same child? Parents' and teachers' agreement in temperament assessment of portuguese children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Com este trabalho pretendeu-se analisar o grau de concordância entre diferentes informadores - mães, pais, professores do ensino regular e dos apoios educativos (quando aplicável) - na avaliação do temperamento de crianças com 2 a 7 anos de idade. O estudo incidiu sobre uma amostra de 138 crianças, [...] distribuídas por quatro grupos com diferentes características desenvolvimentais: síndrome de Down, Autismo, Nascimento Prematuro e Desenvolvimento Normal. Os informadores preencheram a Temperament Assessment Battery for Children - Revised nas versões para pais ou para professores. Encontraram-se correlações elevadas entre informadores que observam a criança no mesmo contexto e baixas entre avaliações de adultos pertencentes a contextos diferentes. Os resultados são discutidos em função das suas possíveis implicações para a avaliação do temperamento de crianças. Abstract in english This study was intended to address the issue of convergence between informants (mother, father, regular teacher and special education teacher, whenever applicable) when assessing the temperament of children between 2 and 7 years old. The study was based on a sample of 138 children, distributed into [...] four groups with different developmental characteristics: Down syndrome, Autism, Premature Birth, and Normal Development. Informants filled in the Temperament Assessment Battery for Children - Revised in its parents' or teachers' versions. Whereas correlations between assessments made by adults of different contexts were low, high correlations were found between informants who observe the child in the same context. Results are discussed in terms of their possible implications for the assessment of children's temperament.

Maria João, Seabra-Santos; Margarida Sousa, Almeida.

2014-03-01