WorldWideScience
 
 
1

Librarians Are Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussion of the teaching role of the academic librarian focuses primarily on reference librarianship. The interaction between patron and librarian and the necessity for the librarian to teach are noted. Eighteen references are provided. (EJS)

Budd, John

1982-01-01

2

Internet Censorship Issues for Teacher-Librarians.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes and critiques emerging issues about Internet access in schools and school libraries. Discusses software products for filtering and rating expressive content on the Internet, reader-response-theory implications for filtering and rating Internet content, ambiguities, and the role of school librarians and acceptable-use policies. (AEF)

Schrader, Alvin

1999-01-01

3

Developing Librarians as Teachers: A Study of Their Pedagogical Knowledge  

Science.gov (United States)

The widespread involvement of librarians in information literacy education has raised concerns about their development as teachers, but there is little research on their acquisition and application of pedagogical knowledge. A questionnaire was used to collect mainly quantitative data about the teaching roles, pedagogical knowledge and professional…

Bewick, Laura; Corrall, Sheila

2010-01-01

4

Teacher (School Librarian) Evaluations: 40% or Bust  

Science.gov (United States)

"Guidelines for Uniform Performance Standards and Evaluation Criteria for Teachers" was approved by the Virginia Department of Education on April 28, 2011. This document, effective July 1, 2012, details new guidelines for evaluating teacher performance in the state of Virginia. These guidelines have gained the attention of every educator…

McConnell, Ana

2013-01-01

5

Dragonfly TV: Parents & Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

From PBS, this Dragonfly TV website offers a collection of activities and resources aimed at getting kids psyched about science. A wide variety of site offerings include: matching games featuring animal tracks, and types of fruit; riddles about things like wart removal, cow-derived electricity, and weighing whales; video clips about bugs, and archaeology; and experiment ideas involving a fish mummy, an egg in a bottle, and breathing leaves. The Dragonfly website also hosts a number of message boards for kids. For teachers and parents, the site supplies a range of downloadable, inquiry-based activities in the following subject areas: Body and Brain; Living Things; Earth and Space; Matter and Motion; and Technology and Invention. The site also offers downloadable issues of _My Science Journal_, a magazine from Dragonfly.

6

A Comparison between the Competencies Deemed Necessary for Teacher-Librarians in Iran and Those Suggested by Librarians from Developing Countries.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes a survey that investigated the feasibility of a single library education program for the education of teacher-librarians in developing countries. Results are compared with the outcome of a similar survey conducted in Iran; the idea of a core curriculum is discussed; and competencies expressed as necessary by librarians are examined.…

Jowkar, A.

1992-01-01

7

Looking toward the Future: Competences for 21st-Century Teacher-Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

What are the core competences required by teacher-librarians for developing exemplary school library programs in 21st-century schools? This article reports on a study that explored the experiences and attitudes of graduates from the Teacher Librarianship by Distance Learning program at the University of Alberta in Edmonton. Key findings from this…

de Groot, Joanne; Branch, Jennifer L.

2011-01-01

8

Parent-Teacher Intervention with Inappropriate Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

The data collected in this study provide some evidence that parent and teacher intervention, both at home and at school, can result in a greater reduction in the frequency of an inappropriate behavior than can parent or teacher intervention alone. (Author)

Csapo, Marg

1973-01-01

9

Information Literacy and Transfer in Schools: Implications for Teacher Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

This study focuses on the use of the New South Wales (NSW) Department of Education and Training information literacy model in a primary school as the basis for the possible establishment of a culture of transfer of information literacy skills. The study used constructivist grounded analysis to interpret data gathered from teachers and principals.…

Herring, James E.; Bush, Stephanie J.

2011-01-01

10

Parent-Teacher Conferences: A Tip Sheet for Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Parent-teacher conferences are an important component of ongoing home-school communication and family involvement in your classroom. Did you also know that home-school communication predicts positive outcomes for students and for schools? Although you may already be working hard to engage parents in their children's education, this tip sheet is…

Educational Horizons, 2012

2012-01-01

11

Hot Spots on the Web for Teacher Librarians: A Selection of Recommended Web Sites for TLs To Visit.  

Science.gov (United States)

Six papers review and recommend sites on the Web as resources for teacher librarians include: "Just Do It: A Guide to Getting Out There and Doing It Yourself" (Catherine Ryan); "A Selection of Recommended Web Sites for TLs To Visit" (Karen Bonanno); "A Selection of Recommended Web Sites for TLs To Visit" (Sandra Naude); "Internet Resources for the…

1996

12

Academic Librarians Have Concerns about Their Role as Teachers. A Review of: Walter, Scott. “Librarians as Teachers: A Qualitative Inquiry into Professional Identity.” College and Research Libraries 69.1 (2008: 51-71.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – This study explores how academic librarians are introduced to teaching, the degree to which they think of themselves as teachers, the ways in which being a teacher has become a significant feature of their professional identity, and the factors that may influence academic librarians to adopt a “teacher identity.” Design – A literature review extended by qualitative semi-structured interviews.Setting – The research took place at an American university with the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching designation of “Doctoral/Research — Extensive.”Subjects – Six academic librarians.Methods – The main feature of the article is an extensive literature review around the themes of LIS, teaching, and qualitative research methodologies. The literature review is supplemented by qualitative research consisting of semi-structured interviews of between 45 and 90 minutes each, which were conducted during spring2004 with six librarians (five women and one man, whose length of professional service ranged from 2 to 32 years. All of the participants worked at the same institution. The data collected were reviewed throughout the process using field memos and a research log. The data were analyzed using a coding process where discrete ideas that emerged from the data were used to identify a small number of themes. The initial conclusions in the study were validated through member checking during the writing phase. “Member checking involves sharing draft study findings with the participants, to inquire whether their viewpoints were faithfully interpreted, whether there are gross errors of fact, and whether the account makes sense to participants with different perspectives”(Centre for Health Evidence.Main Results – Five themes around teaching and teacher identity as they pertain to academic librarians emerged from thedata. The first theme was the centrality of teaching. Each participant sought out a position where the teaching role was valued.The role of teacher spilled over into the other roles of the librarian, i.e., reference service, collection development, etc. Thenext theme was the importance of collegial and administrative support, which is critical to the ability to focus on work as a teacher. The stress of multiple demands emerged as a theme, as time dedicated to teaching was often at the expense of something else. Another theme was the problems with professional education around teaching. Instruction course offerings in library schools were reported to be meagre, and some were badly planned and executed. The fifth theme involved stereotypes and misperceptions. Studies have shown that the academic library profession has been poorly understood by students and faculty. Study participants believed that many of their campus colleagues were either unaware of what they did, or were misinformed by popular culture stereotypes of librarians.Conclusions – The small sample size precluded the making of any definite conclusions based on the study results. Other limitations of the study include the relatively short amount of time spent in the interview process and the narrow range of librarians chosen to participate. The author notes that a subject pool more representative of academic librarians’ full range of opinions regarding the importance of teaching as a professional responsibility would have resulted in more complex themes emerging. While the author is aware of the study’s limitations, he feels there is value in the qualitative research design, in giving voice to individual librarians, and in the provision of insight into some of the research questions found in the literature of learning to teach and of teacher identity. Given the limitations, Walter makes three conclusions about his findings. He points out the lack of a formal introduction to teaching in many library programs which has been explored by other studies and concludes that his study “suggests that continuing lack of attention to this issue results in a difficult introduction into the profession for n

Virginia Wilson

2008-09-01

13

Skeletal Relations: A School Librarian, a Teacher, and a Scientist Develop an Anatomy Lesson--with Games!--for Third Graders  

Science.gov (United States)

Creating a game for third-grade students that school librarians and teachers can use in their school libraries and classrooms is a unique challenge, especially if that game is based on teaching anatomy. But that's exactly what an instructional team from Auburn University in Alabama decided to do. The team--which consisted of a school librarian who…

Wolf, Sara; Sumner, Andrea M.; de Freitas, Michelle

2011-01-01

14

Goal Setting during Early Childhood Parent-Teacher Conferences: A Comparison of Three Groups of Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

Parent-teacher communication and partnerships are important in children's early years. This study compared goal setting, conducted in English, during Head Start parent-teacher conferences with native Spanish speaking, Latino bilingual, and native English speaking parents and their children's teachers. To understand conference…

Cheatham, Gregory A.; Ostrosky, Michaelene M.

2013-01-01

15

Emotional Geographies of Teacher-Parent Relations: Three Teachers' Perceptions in Taiwan  

Science.gov (United States)

This article attempts to use Andy Hargreaves' theoretical framework of emotional geographies to analyze teachers' perceptions of their interactions with parents in Taiwan. Based on the qualitative interviews with three primary teachers, the research findings show that teachers' emotional distances from parents were intertwined with parents'…

Chen, Hsin-Jen; Wang, Ya-Hsuan

2011-01-01

16

Modeling Rater Disagreement for ADHD: Are Parents or Teachers Biased?  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study is the first to utilize twin modeling to examine whether parent-teacher disagreement for ADHD ratings is due to parent or teacher bias, or due to raters observing different but valid ADHD behaviors. A joint analysis was conducted with 106 twin pairs, including twins selected for ADHD and control twin pairs. Total ADHD scores were…

Hartman, Christie A.; Rhee, Soo H.; Willcutt, Erik G.; Pennington, Bruce F

2007-01-01

17

Exploring Parent-Teacher Relationships: Joining and Communication to Others.  

Science.gov (United States)

Investigates the applicability of two modified family systems constructs to parent-teacher relationships. Results suggested two related factors, joining and communication, as important elements of parent-teacher relationships. Data gathered in the second stage revealed that the joining factor included affiliation and support, dependability and…

Vickers, Harleen S.; Minke, Kathleen M.

1995-01-01

18

Examining How Preservice Science Teachers Navigate Simulated Parent-Teacher Conversations on Evolution and Intelligent Design  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussing the teaching of evolution with concerned parents is a challenge to any science teacher. Using the medical education pedagogy of standardized individuals within the field of teacher education, this article addresses how preservice science teachers elected to verbally interact with standardized parents who questioned the teaching of…

Dotger, Sharon; Dotger, Benjamin H.; Tillotson, John

2010-01-01

19

Christchurch City Libraries "Ready for Reading": Librarians and Teachers Working Together to Strengthen Literacy Opportunities for a Group of Marginalised Preschoolers  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on the experiences of the Evaluation Team, comprised of experienced librarians from the Christchurch City Libraries and primary teacher educators (from Canterbury University) as they planned and implemented interventions working with the children of teen mothers (one marginalised cohort within a wider study). In particular it…

Buckley, Philippa; Meek, Brad; Street, Pat

2010-01-01

20

The Librarian as Teacher: Instructing the Next Generation of Information-Literate Scientists at Case Western Reserve University  

Science.gov (United States)

Scientists have nearly unlimited access to research directly at their desktops. Troubling to us as librarians is the scientist's ability (or inability!) to effectively access this information. The University Library at CWRU, like most academic libraries, has been faced with declining gate counts and reference transactions. In order to ensure that our students will know how to use the digital materials that we make available to them, we have implemented a primary initiative to increase our teaching role on campus. We aim to create an information-literate community that knows how to navigate the new digital library. Library instruction to academic departments in the physical sciences is an unusual mix, but one that we have had success with at CWRU. In order to reach this group of information seekers, we have had success by using the following methods to reach our community: 1. Partnering with other constituencies on campus 2. Creating new ways to provide instruction 3. Assessment of teaching tools and student learning By taking the library and our instruction to the physical sciences community, we are in the process of creating information-literate students who will be more successful as graduate students and researchers in the future. With this program, our role has changed from traditional librarian to teacher.

Claspy, William P.

 
 
 
 
21

Librarian-Teacher Partnerships for Inquiry Learning: Measures of Effectiveness for a Practice-Based Model of Professional Development  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – This study analyzed the effects of a practice-based model of professional development on the teaching and collaborative practices of 9 teams of librarians and teachers, who created and implemented units of inquiry-focused study with K-12 students during a yearlong course. The authors describe how the collection and analysis of evidence guided the development team in the formative and summative evaluations of the outcomes of the professional development, as well as the long-term results of participation in this initiative.Methods – The authors used an interpretive, participative approach. The first author was the external reviewer for the project; the second author headed the development team and served as a participant-observer. Triangulated data were collected from participants in the form of learning logs, discussion board postings, interviews, questionnaires, and learning portfolios consisting of unit and lesson plans and student work samples with critiques. Data were also collected from the professional development designers in the form of meeting notes, responses to participants, interviews, and course documents. For two years following the end of the formal course, the authors also conducted follow-up email correspondence with all teams and site visits with six teams to determine sustained or expanded implementation of inquiry-focused, collaborative curriculum development. Results – The practice-based approach to professional development required continual modification of the course design and timely, individualized mentoring and feedback, based on analysis and co-reflection by the developers on the evidence gathered through participant logs, reports, and school site visits. Modeling the inquiry process in their own course development work and making this process transparent to the participating community were essential to improvement. Course participants reported beneficial results in both immediate and long-term changes in practice. The summative evaluation identified significant changes in practice in three areas: (1 the design of inquiry-focused learning, (2 the roles of the teacher and librarian in collaborative development of instruction, and (3 the impact on student performance. Two years after the yearlong professional development course, most participants indicated that they continued to incorporate inquiry-based approaches, and over half of the participants were involving other colleagues at their schools in inquiry-focused practices. Six of the librarians assumed major curricular roles in their respective schools. Conclusion – The practice-based model of professional development appears to be effective and sustainable. It has been tested and modified by other development teams in the last two years. More extensive use of the model in other contexts with further testing and refinement by other developers is needed to ensure that the model is robust and widely applicable.

Joyce Yukawa

2009-06-01

22

Simply Indispensable An Action Guide for School Librarians  

CERN Document Server

Keeping a library program vital requires regular reflection about current practices and a willingness to implement changes that will position the library and library staff should they be threatened with elimination. Simply Indispensable: An Action Guide for School Librarians helps librarians do just that. The book begins with an explanation of the need to act and then offers a systematic approach to taking action. Each chapter is devoted to an active path: attracting patrons; interacting with teachers, parents, administrators, and the community; communicating; reacting to "situations;" working

GILMORE-SEE, JANICE

2010-01-01

23

Being a librarian for young people - yes!  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The development of information sources and their presence in libraries has rosen some new questions for the librarians for young people. What should their role be, should they become only instructors for the use of information sources or should they become mediators between information source and user? Or should they in the first pla?e remain experts and counsellors, specialized in children and youth literature, for children, their parents, educators, teachers and others working with young people? How to find and keep one's pla?e in the frames of librarianship? Are special forms of training needed for librarians working with young people; in this context, more attention should be payed to the hands-on training with new information sources.

Elizabeta Hriberšek-Balkovec

1997-01-01

24

Teacher training: Parent-teacher relations in Poland  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A long-term, complex and radical reform of didactic methods and programmes as well as school system structure began in Poland in the year 1999. One of the fundamental assumptions of the educational reform was parents’ involvement in school life. “The aim of the undertaken actions, in the context of cooperation with parents, was reconstruction of the natural responsibility for a child’s fate, which should be borne by their closest relatives.[1]” School’s duties towards family may ...

Banasiak, Ma?gorzata

2011-01-01

25

Preservice teacher attitudes toward gay and lesbian parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gay and lesbian parents are raising an increasing number of children, but little is known about how these parents are viewed by school personnel. In this study, preservice teacher attitudes toward gay and lesbian parents were assessed using implicit, explicit, behavioral, and behavioroid measures. Implicit measures indicate that participants rated same-gender targets more negatively than they rated heterosexual targets, and they rated targets of gay men more negatively than they rated lesbians; however, response patterns varied by participant sex. Furthermore, implicit measures of sexual prejudice generally correlated with explicit and behavioroid measures. The implications of these findings are discussed. PMID:23647242

Herbstrith, Julie C; Tobin, Renée M; Hesson-McInnis, Matthew S; Joel Schneider, W

2013-09-01

26

Assessing Pupils' Intelligence through Self, Parental, and Teacher Estimates  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the accuracy of self- and other-estimated intelligence in relation to tested cognitive ability and gender. Three groups of raters were examined: 187 (102 male, 85 female; mean age 14.33 years, SD = 0.32) pupils of single-sex comprehensive schools, 109 (55 mothers and 54 fathers) parents, and six teachers of the pupils. Pupils…

Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas; Arteche, Adriane; Furnham, Adrian; Trickot, Nadine

2009-01-01

27

Parents’ and Teachers’ Opinions about the School Food Policy in Belgian Flemish Nursery Schools  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The partnership of parents, teachers, and schools is necessary to develop effective school food interventions. To gather parents’ and teachers’ opinions and perceptions about the school food policy, 884 parents and 70 teachers of preschoolers completed a questionnaire. School food policy is an issue of importance for parents and teachers: the majority agrees that schools should restrict the availability of snacks and soft drinks; however, to replace fruit juice and sugared milk drinks wit...

Carine Vereecken; Hilde van Houte; Veerle Martens; Isabelle Wittebroodt; Lea Maes

2009-01-01

28

Dig: The Archeology Magazine for Kids, Parents, and Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Dig magazine is published by Cobblestone Publishing Company, a division of the Cricket Magazine Group, in cooperation with the Archaeological Institute of America. "Dig brings the excitement, mystery, wonder, and fun of archaeology, paleontology, and earth sciences to children 8 - 13 years old in a style that both entertains and educates its young readers." The Parents and Teachers Web site contains several free teacher's guides, online quizzes, activities and games, other archeological resources, and more. Although the magazine is not fully available for free online, the other resources provided on the site make it worth utilizing.

29

Parents’ and Teachers’ Opinions about the School Food Policy in Belgian Flemish Nursery Schools  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The partnership of parents, teachers, and schools is necessary to develop effective school food interventions. To gather parents’ and teachers’ opinions and perceptions about the school food policy, 884 parents and 70 teachers of preschoolers completed a questionnaire. School food policy is an issue of importance for parents and teachers: the majority agrees that schools should restrict the availability of snacks and soft drinks; however, to replace fruit juice and sugared milk drinks with sugarless alternatives will take special effort. Fruit is not always available at school, although parents would appreciate it. Parents of lower educational level are in general more permissive.

Isabelle Wittebroodt

2009-03-01

30

Parents' and Teachers' Opinions about the School Food Policy in Belgian Flemish Nursery Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

The partnership of parents, teachers, and schools is necessary to develop effective school food interventions. To gather parents' and teachers' opinions and perceptions about the school food policy, 884 parents and 70 teachers of preschoolers completed a questionnaire. School food policy is an issue of importance for parents and teachers: the majority agrees that schools should restrict the availability of snacks and soft drinks; however, to replace fruit juice and sugared milk drinks with sugarless alternatives will take special effort. Fruit is not always available at school, although parents would appreciate it. Parents of lower educational level are in general more permissive.

Vereecken, Carine; van Houte, Hilde; Martens, Veerle; Wittebroodt, Isabelle; Maes, Lea

2009-01-01

31

INCLUSIVE EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION: TEACHERS AND PARENTS PERCEPTION  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available All areas of education face changes and challenges constantly. Early childhood education is no exception. A recent challenge teachers face in early childhood education is the advent of inclusion. Implementing inclusion in early childhood classrooms creates more diversity among the children. Inclusion of students with various disabilities has caused concern among parents and teachers. There are some concerns that need special attention when including students with disabilities in the early childhood classrooms. Reforming public education to accommodate the needs of special education children placed in regular classrooms is a vital issue .For several years there have been arguments concerning the placement of children with disabilities in the regular classrooms. When inclusion children are placed in the regular classrooms the teachers are required to provide individualized instruction for the inclusion children. This may take away the time the teacher have to spend with the other children. The inclusion of children in regular classrooms have been both positive and negative effects. This means, with respect to all stages of the education system, including early childhood, that all children , regardless of their disability, can attend their local educational setting, and have their learning and development needs met through the provision of high-quality care and education For inclusive early childhood education to be successful, early childhood teachers as well as parents and members of the wider community need to embrace and practice inclusion. Parents of children without disabilities may bring with them attitudes and understandings that can lead to social exclusions, restrictions and disadvantages for all children with disabilities and their family in their early childhood setting and neighbourhood community. In this paper, we tried to highlight the attitudes and understandings of some parents of non-disabled children towards the inclusion and teaching of children with disabilities in regular early childhood settings and the consequences that resulted from the exclusionary and inclusionary constructions that these parents took up to define and understand disability and inclusion. We then offer some ideas and strategies for dialogue that may help early childhood teachers appropriately respond to this issue at own capacity .

PRASHANT THOTE

2013-04-01

32

Teachers and parents as a source of stereotype formation  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Teachers and parents play an important role in developing and maintaining stereotype beliefs in children and youth, and therefore this paper discusses their role and importance for the development and manifestations of stereotypes in children. Authors' intention is to introduce the readers to the developmental prerequisites of stereotype formation in children and youth, to point out to the ways in which adults exert influence on children's understanding of stereotypes and to discover how ster...

?eri? Ivana; Studen Rajka

2008-01-01

33

Teachers and parents as a source of stereotype formation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Teachers and parents play an important role in developing and maintaining stereotype beliefs in children and youth, and therefore this paper discusses their role and importance for the development and manifestations of stereotypes in children. Authors' intention is to introduce the readers to the developmental prerequisites of stereotype formation in children and youth, to point out to the ways in which adults exert influence on children's understanding of stereotypes and to discover how stereotypes mediate in the interaction between teachers and parents. Studies imply that the development of stereotype beliefs in children is conditioned by developmental changes on the cognitive level and that the first indications of stereotypes occur in the third, that is, fourth year of life. The first sources of stereotype formation are parents, who, as a model for socialization, promote the social and cultural norms and express certain behavioral patterns which are then "imprinted" in the repertoire of child's behavior. Teachers present an important source of stereotypes, whether we are talking about their roles in carrying over the pattern of the dominant culture or we are dealing with the stereotypical perception of the pupils of different categories (such as, for example, ethnic background, gender. This paper also points out to the categories of pupils that are more sensitive to stereotypes in educational context.

?eri? Ivana

2008-01-01

34

I, Librarian  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The fast and continuous technological change that is characteristic of the information society we find ourselves in has demonstrable impact on the way librarians go about their business. This paper offers a scenario of technological changes already in the pipeline and yet to come, and how those changes will impact the role of librarians in the future. One of the main concerns of this paper is the continued relevance of information professionals as infomediaries in our future society.

Kruger, Hilda

2013-01-01

35

Whose Expertise?: An Analysis of Advice Giving in Early Childhood Parent-Teacher Conferences  

Science.gov (United States)

Early childhood and early childhood special education programs have a focus on parent-educator partnerships. Parent-teacher conferences are a context for these partnerships, and advice giving is one type of exchange occurring within conferences. Parent-teacher conference advice was investigated through participant interviews and the methodology of…

Cheatham, Gregory A.; Ostrosky, Michaelene M.

2011-01-01

36

Perceived Parenting Styles and Goal Orientations: A Study of Teacher Education Students in Hong Kong  

Science.gov (United States)

Two achievement goals and three perceived parenting styles were identified in a sample of Hong Kong teacher education students. Significant correlations exist within the perceived parenting styles and the achievement goals. Parental authoritativeness was significantly and positively related to learning goal, and parental authoritarianism was…

Chan, Kwok-wai; Chan, Siu-mui

2005-01-01

37

Teachers and parents as researchers using multiple baseline designs.  

Science.gov (United States)

Two teachers and a parent used three basic multiple baseline designs to investigate the effects of systematic reinforcement and punishment procedures in the classroom and at home. (1) A fifth-grade teacher concurrently measured the same behavior (tardiness) in three stimulus situations (after morning, noon, and afternoon recesses). Posting the names of pupils on a chart titled "Today's Patriots" was made contingent on being on time after the noon recess, then successively also the morning and afternoon recesses. Tardiness was reduced to near zero rates at the points where contingencies were applied. (2) A highschool teacher recorded the same behavior (daily French-quiz grades) of three students. She then successively applied the same consequences (staying after school for individual tutoring for D and F grades) for each student. At the points where the contingency was applied, D and F grades were eliminated. (3) A mother concurrently measured three different behaviors (clarinet practice, Campfire project work, reading) of her 10-yr-old daughter. She successively applied the same contingency (going to bed early) for less than 30 min spent engaged in one after another of the behaviors. Marked increases in the behaviors were observed at the points where the contingency was applied. PMID:16795265

Hall, R V; Cristler, C; Cranston, S S; Tucker, B

1970-01-01

38

What Will Teachers Do to Involve Parents in Education?: Using a Theory of Reasoned Action  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents' involvement in their children's education is associated with a variety of benefits, including higher achievement, yet teachers are not uniformly supportive and encouraging. Teacher attitudes and beliefs about parental involvement are a predictive factor which schools, and preservice programs, could influence, yet little is known about how…

Pryor, Brandt W.; Pryor, Caroline R.

2009-01-01

39

Teachers, Parents, and Student Motivation: The Effects of Involvement and Autonomy Support.  

Science.gov (United States)

Findings of a study that examined the relationship of students' perceptions of parents' and teachers' involvement and autonomy support to student motivation are presented in this paper. Based on a larger process model of academic achievement (Ryan and Stiller 1991), students' perceptions of parent and teacher autonomy support and involvement were…

Stiller, Jerome D.; Ryan, Richard M.

40

Who Is Teaching? New Roles for Teachers and Parents in Cyber Charter Schools  

Science.gov (United States)

While teachers in cyber charter schools play the important role of supporting students, many of these schools also rely heavily on the parents or guardians of students to act as co-educators. Teachers are no longer the sole providers of instruction. However, little is known about the roles of parents or guardians, referred to as learning coaches,…

Waters, Lisa Hasler; Leong, Peter

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
41

Measurement Invariance of the Chinese Gifted Rating Scales: Teacher and Parent Forms  

Science.gov (United States)

The Gifted Rating Scales-School Form (GRS-S) has been validated in several countries; however, no study has examined the rater invariance of this measure. The present study built on previous validity studies and examined configural and metric invariance between parent and teacher raters using the Chinese version of the GRS-S Teacher and Parent

Petscher, Yaacov; Li, Huijun

2008-01-01

42

The Role of Parenting Styles and Teacher Interactional Styles in Children's Reading and Spelling Development  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the associations between parenting styles, teacher interactional styles, and children's reading and spelling skills. The sample consisted of 864 Finnish-speaking children and their parents (864 mothers, 864 fathers) and teachers ("N" = 123). Children's risk for reading disabilities and reader status were assessed in…

Kiuru, Noona; Aunola, Kaisa; Torppa, Minna; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Niemi, Pekka; Viljaranta, Jaana; Lyyra, Anna-Liisa; Leskinen, Esko; Tolvanen, Asko; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2012-01-01

43

Interrelationships between Parenting Styles and Teachers Involvement: From Children’s Emotion Regulation Competence Perspective  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of different parenting styles and teachers’ strategies in classroom interaction for emotion regulation development in preschool children. The quantitative approach employed instruments to measure parenting style and emotion regulation scores. The qualitative approach involved classroom observations and interviews with the teachers. The data revealed to implement an authoritative parenting style. In addition, there is a significant differe...

Yi-Chan Tu; Mei-Ju Chou

2013-01-01

44

Primary Prevention Knowledge of Parents and Teachers of Nursery and Play Group on Childhood Sexual Abuse  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This research explored child sexual abuse (CSA, knowledge and prevention media among parents of pupils and teachers of nursery schools and playgroup. This research was conducted in qualitative mythology, through in-depth interviews (IDIs, and focus group discussions (FGD. In-depth interview held for 10 nursery school teachers and playgroup teachers. For children aged 0-5 years, FGD was conducted towards 10 parents of nursery School and 12 parents of playgroup. The study explored the following: parents’ and teachers’ knowledge on child sexual abuse prevention. The child sexual abuse prevention messages were provided to the children and topics they discussed and their attitudes towards child sexual abuse prevention education in school. The proposed primary prevention media strategies for parents were speech and posters as well as for nursery and playgroup teachers who understood the CSA impact. Research concluded that parents didn’t understand CSA concepts; media proposed for primary prevention are through dialogue and poster. Nursery, playgroup teachers and parents understood with poster media. Parents and teachers were encouraged to focus on the early prevention by building child sexual abuse knowledgeable community.  

Nnenna Clara Okoroafor

2012-09-01

45

Teachers’ and Parental Attribution for School Performance of Ethnic Majority and Minority Children  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study examines whether teachers’ and parental attributions for children’s school performance differ depending on the ethnic background of the child. Using both quantitative and qualitative methods, real-life attributions within 54 teacher - parent conversations (15 ethnic majority; 39 minority were examined. The results indicated that, compared with majority children, teachers attributed school performance of minority children more often to effort (also after controlling for the child’s level of school performance. At the same time, the analyses showed that these differences in attributional behavior co-occur with differences in the teacher-parents’ interaction and should be understood through including the conversational setting in which these attributions were made. The results are discussed in light of what the particular mismatches and lack of congruence in explaining school success between parents and teachers mean for the school performance of minority children.

Inge B. Wissink

2013-09-01

46

The Actions of Teacher-Librarians Minimize or Reinforce Barriers to Adolescent Information Seeking. A Review of: Meyers, Eric M., Lisa P. Nathan, and Matthew L. Saxton. “Barriers to Information Seeking in School Libraries: Conflicts in Perceptions and Practice.” Information Research 12:2 (2007): paper 295.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objective – To study high school teacher-librarians and whether their actions and reactions are aligned with their perception of the role they play in creating an information seeking and learning environment.Design – Triangulation qualitative research undertaken over a 16 month period (Fall 2005 – 2007).Setting – Six high school libraries in the Puget Sound region of the state of Washington, United States.Subjects – Six teacher-librarians, eac...

2009-01-01

47

Interrelationships between Parenting Styles and Teachers Involvement: From Children’s Emotion Regulation Competence Perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of different parenting styles and teachers’ strategies in classroom interaction for emotion regulation development in preschool children. The quantitative approach employed instruments to measure parenting style and emotion regulation scores. The qualitative approach involved classroom observations and interviews with the teachers. The data revealed to implement an authoritative parenting style. In addition, there is a significant difference in the emotion regulation scores. The results indicated that teachers’ act strategies in classroom interactions widely affected children’s emotion regulation. The study suggested both professional development programs and workshops should be applied to develop a consistent approach to classroom interaction.

Mei-Ju Chou

2013-01-01

48

Qatar’s Educational Reform: The Experiences and Perceptions of Principals, Teachers and Parents  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study describes the implications of the massive Qatari educational reform, Education For a New Era (EFNE, from the perspectives of teachers, principals, and parents provides insight into these stakeholders perceptions regarding how EFNE has impacted teaching and learning and the new challenges they face. This qualitative study uses open-ended questionnaires, focus groups and interviews. Survey data is collected from 18 Independent Schools including 17 principals, 413 teachers and 565 parents and interviews with 17 principals, 26 teachers and 50 parents. Findings describe the effects, impact, the challenges and the advantages and disadvantages of EFNE on these stakeholders.  

Michael H Romanowski

2013-06-01

49

Differential parent and teacher reports of school readiness in a disadvantaged community  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Differential ratings by multiple informants are an important issue in survey design. Although much research has focused on differential reports of child behaviour, discrepancies between parent and teacher reports of children’s school readiness are less explored.

2010-01-01

50

IMAGE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF PARENTS AND TEACHERS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main purpose of this study is to understand the perception of the image and pride of working in the technical and vocational fields from the perspective of parents and teachers in secondary schools. This study was conducted in two zones, namely North (Kedah) and central zone (Selangor). Two schools were chosen from each zone, one from the city (Kajang) and the other one from rural (Dengkil), which are sufficient to obtain the views of parents and teachers....

2012-01-01

51

Differences in Parents' and Teachers' Ratings of ADHD Symptoms and Other Mental Health Problems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background and objectives: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms and other mental health problems appear early in life and proper treatment is essential for a positive long-term outcome. The present study examines the level of agreement, and potential gender differences, between parents' and teachers' reports of ADHD symptoms and other mental health problems in 305 Greek children aged between 6-9 years. Methods: Parents and teachers of 147 boys and 158 girls attending the f...

Vaya Papageorgiou; Efrosini Kalyva; Vaios Dafoulis; Panos Vostanis

2008-01-01

52

The role of parenting styles and teacher interactional styles in children's reading and spelling development.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the associations between parenting styles, teacher interactional styles, and children's reading and spelling skills. The sample consisted of 864 Finnish-speaking children and their parents (864 mothers, 864 fathers) and teachers (N=123). Children's risk for reading disabilities and reader status were assessed in kindergarten. Children were also tested on reading and spelling skills in Grades 1 and 2. Parenting styles and teacher interactional styles were measured using parents' and teachers' self-reports in Grade 1. First, the results indicated that both an authoritative parenting style and authoritative teacher interactional style positively predicted children's spelling skill development. Second, authoritative parenting was particularly beneficial for the spelling skill development of children who were at risk for reading disabilities. Third, authoritative teaching promoted spelling skill development particularly among children who were nonreaders in kindergarten but had no risk for reading disabilities. Finally, some evidence was found that authoritative teaching could compensate for the negative impact of nonauthoritative parenting on reading development among kindergarten nonreaders. PMID:23245501

Kiuru, Noona; Aunola, Kaisa; Torppa, Minna; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Niemi, Pekka; Viljaranta, Jaana; Lyyra, Anna-Liisa; Leskinen, Esko; Tolvanen, Asko; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

2012-12-01

53

Value Added?: Teachers' Investments in and Orientations toward Parent Involvement in Education  

Science.gov (United States)

Research suggests that community-referenced pedagogy initiatives foster academic inclusion for minority students. However, we know little about such engagements' benefits for teachers. This study provides insights into teachers' dispositions toward school-based parent involvement in education based on ethnographic data collected through…

Schecter, Sandra R.; Sherri, Dana L.

2009-01-01

54

Parent Involvement and Teacher Decision Making in Urban High Schools of Choice.  

Science.gov (United States)

Study of five Catholic, four single-focus public, and four multifocus public magnet urban high schools show varying patterns of parental involvement and differing degrees of shared decision making among parents and teachers. Partnership was more evident in the Catholic schools and least apparent in the single-focus schools. (SLD)

Bauch, Patricia A.; Goldring, Ellen B.

1996-01-01

55

Can Special Education Teachers Create Parent Partnership with Mexican American Families? Si Se Pueda!  

Science.gov (United States)

Creating partnership between special educators and parents who are Mexican American often poses unique challenges for all involved. Historically, the fact that these parents may not share mainstream values, traditions, and customs has often been perceived by special education teachers as part of the problem and not as valuable new sources of…

Salas, Loretta; Lopez, Eric J.; Chinn, Kathleen; Menchaca-Lopez, Eva

2005-01-01

56

Troubled Relationships in Early Childhood Education: Parent-Teacher Interactions in Ethnoculturally Diverse Child Care Settings.  

Science.gov (United States)

Interviews with Canadian day care workers and minority parents showed that the two groups disagreed about why parents are not involved enough; were unaware of their basic differences in ECE goals; and disagreed substantially over what constitutes proper child-rearing methods. Discriminatory incidents were not uncommon at centers, although teachers

Bernhard, Judith K.; Lefebvre, Marie Louise; Kilbride, Kenise Murphy; Chud, Gyda; Lange, Rika

1998-01-01

57

Dysgraphia: Why Johnny Can't Write: A Handbook for Teachers and Parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intended for teachers and parents, the handbook provides suggestions for diagnosis and remediation of the learning disability dysgraphia (difficulty with handwriting). The seven chapters have the following titles and sample subtopics: (1) "The Student with a Learning Disability" (what causes dysgraphia, the Gerstmann Syndrome); (2) "Parents'…

Cavey, Diane Walton

58

Parents' and Teachers' Views on Deaf Children's Literacy at Home: Do They Agree?  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper compares the views of parents and teachers of the deaf on deaf children's literacy at home. We made DVD recordings of 12 young deaf children (aged 3-5) sharing books with their parents at home. Six families used British Sign Language (BSL) as their main means of communication and for interacting around books, and six used spoken…

Watson, Linda

2008-01-01

59

School and Parent Community Involvement: New Dimension in Teacher Education [Revised Edition].  

Science.gov (United States)

This document describes the three programs in School and Parent Community Involvement developed by the Home and School Institute (HSI) in conjunction with the Trinity College's Master of Arts in Teaching Program. The in-service teacher development programs are a Master's of Arts Concentration in School and Parent Community Involvement, a five-step…

Rich, Dorothy; Van Dien, James

60

Doesn't He Have Beautiful Blue Eyes? Tips for a Successful Parent-Teacher Conference.  

Science.gov (United States)

Tips for successful parent-teacher conferences concerning children with special needs focus on preventing a conflict cycle and developing a cooperation cycle. Specific suggestions to reduce stress levels and involve parents positively are offered for preconference behaviors, conference behaviors, and postconference behaviors. (DB)

Strudler, Ruth

1993-01-01

 
 
 
 
61

Volunteers as Teachers of Child Management to Parents of Behaviour-Disordered Preschoolers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Ten women volunteers were trained as teachers of child management skills to parents of behavior-disordered preschoolers. Evaluation of the project's outcomes using a consumer satisfaction survey, parent ratings on a problem behavior checklist, and staff ratings of goal attainment, showed major changes in child behavior maintained at three-month…

Seymour, Frederick W.; France, Karyn G.

1984-01-01

62

Why Relationships Matter: Parent and Early Childhood Teacher Perspectives about the Provisions Afforded by Young Children's Relationships  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated the perspectives of early childhood teachers and parents regarding the importance of provisions afforded by child-teacher and peer relationships in early childhood centres. Participants were 200 parents and 71 teachers of children aged 0-5 years who responded to an online survey containing a series of relationship function…

Degotardi, Sheila; Sweller, Naomi; Pearson, Emma

2013-01-01

63

First Teachers: Parental Involvement in the Public Schools.  

Science.gov (United States)

Drawing on current research and practice, this monograph is designed to help school boards deal with the important question of parent involvement. The first of five chapters examines the benefits of parent involvement in education. Next, the current demographic and societal trends that make involving parents more difficult than previously are…

Amundson, Kristen J.

64

????????——???“??”?“??”? Do Parents have to Play a Teacher’s Role?—Debate on “Cultivation” and “Education” of School-Age Children  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????“??”???????????????????????????????????Many people often misunderstood the original meaning of the old saying: “Parents are their children’s first teachers”. In striving to be good parents, they also pick up ...

???; ???

2011-01-01

65

I Am Your Child's Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the author provides a job description of teacher-librarians. In this information age, teacher-librarians make sure that children grow up and thrive in a world that requires not just knowledge, but the ability to tap into vast collections of information. Teacher-librarians also teach what is called information literacy. This…

Ewers, Sharon

2007-01-01

66

Qatar’s Educational Reform: The Experiences and Perceptions of Principals, Teachers and Parents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study describes the implications of the massive Qatari educational reform, Education For a New Era (EFNE), from the perspectives of teachers, principals, and parents provides insight into these stakeholders perceptions regarding how EFNE has impacted teaching and learning and the new challenges they face. This qualitative study uses open-ended questionnaires, focus groups and interviews. Survey data is collected from 18 Independent Schools including 17 principals, 413 teachers and 565...

Romanowski, Michael H.; Maha Cherif; Badria Al Ammari; Asma Al Attiyah

2013-01-01

67

Factors Leading to Retention of School Librarian Positions: A School District Case Study  

Science.gov (United States)

In the past five years, the number of school librarians has greatly diminished despite valiant advocacy efforts by librarians, parents, and state and national library associations. This descriptive case study investigated the factors that led governing board members in a mid-sized urban high school district to retain certified school librarian

Ewbank, Ann Dutton

2010-01-01

68

Adolescents’ Interpersonal Relationships with Friends, Parents, and Teachers When Using Facebook for Interaction  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to investigate the adolescents’ interpersonal relationships with friends, parents, and teachers when using Facebook for interaction. A total of 740 junior high school students were invited to fill in a questionnaire and 673 questionnaires were available. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and paired-samples t-test. The analytic result confirms that adolescents with high frequency use of Facebook for interactions can expand their interpersonal relationships with friends than those who with low frequency use, regardless of real-life or virtual relationships. However, their real-life interpersonal relationships with parents may weaken if overly use Internet tools for interactions. Another finding, eliminating the factor of the time on Facebook use, reveals that the adolescents’ real-life interpersonal relationships are stronger than virtual interpersonal relationships, regardless of with friends, parents, and teachers. Combining the above two findings, it is worth noting that the real-life interaction with parents may reduce if overly use Internet tools for interactions. This study contributes to the literature by investigating the adolescents’ relationships with friends, parents and teachers and indicates the potential program when adolescents using Facebook use for interaction. This study, thus, further recommends that parents should be concerned their children about Facebook use.

Tsung-Hsien Huang

2013-05-01

69

Unvarnished Documentation: A Dialogue between Teacher and Parent in Understanding a Child's "Bad" Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers are often asked to fill out progress reports that include check marks indicating if a child has met certain criteria. While this document offers a superficial glance at knowing a child, it is often the only kind of "assessment" a parent receives. The authors, a daycare teacher and a parent of Rosa, "the mean girl" in…

Laughlin, Liana; Turner, Terri

2014-01-01

70

The Bayer Facts of Science Education: An Assessment of Elementary School Parent and Teacher Attitudes toward Science Education. Executive Summary.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper reports on a nationwide, random telephone survey conducted with parents and teachers of children in kindergarten through fifth grade. The survey measured parents' and teachers': (1) interest in and attitudes toward science; (2) comfort level teaching and talking about science; (3) use of hands-on science activities and teaching methods;…

Research Communications, Ltd., Dedham, MA.

71

The Effectiveness of Parent-Teacher Conferences for Reporting Student Progress in a Suburban Pennsylvania School District  

Science.gov (United States)

Parent-teacher conferences have been used by school districts across the country to report student progress since the 1930s. A review of the literature revealed that there are many benefits to be gained from conferences. Some of these benefits include: the sharing of information (by parents and teachers) to further the child's academic and social…

Seagreaves, Peter

2009-01-01

72

Parent and Teacher Perceptions of the Impact of School Nurse Interventions on Children's Self-Management of Diabetes  

Science.gov (United States)

Diabetes is a common chronic illness among school-age children. The school nurse collaborates with the student, parents, and teachers to help the child manage their diabetes effectively. Very little is known about the relationship between school nurse interventions and parent/teacher perceptions of the child's self-management. We examined this…

Peery, Annette I.; Engelke, Martha Keehner; Swanson, Melvin S.

2012-01-01

73

Books and the Teen-age Reader: A Guide for Teachers, Librarians and Parents. Revised and Updated.  

Science.gov (United States)

The current changing preferences of teen-agers, changes which result from social forces, are presented. An attempt is also made to orient adults to a better understanding of the concerns of young people. The point is made that these concerns can, with skillful guidance, lead the young to a lifetime habit of reading and finding out for themselves…

Carlsen, G. Robert

74

Parents, Teachers and Day Care Children: Patterns of Interconnection.  

Science.gov (United States)

Studied the interactions between four key individuals in the child care system: the father, mother, day care center teacher, and child. Naturalistic observations of 18 three-year-old children and their caretakers were conducted in homes or day care centers. Findings offered evidence of behavioral interconnectedness within all but the…

Ispa, Jean M.; And Others

1988-01-01

75

Bullying Amongst Parents and Teachers at an American International School: Informing School Development and Policy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This paper has sought to explore the everyday experiences of parent-teacher bullying within a purposefully selected American International school.The paper utilises a qualitative approach targeting an American International school using a small semi-structured questionnaire creating a focused element of context and flexibility. 12 parents were randomly chosen from 35 that were available and willing to share their needs and experiences and the interview method was used as the data-collecting vehicle. This paper addresses issues raised from parent’s experiences of bullying.The 3 developed research questions were mapped to 6 major themes, and were supported by 13 sub-themes. The presented qualitative data outcomes highlight the various experiences, perspectives and challenges that parent’s perceive they face.The impact of this research suggests that the perceived complexities of dealing with bullying between parents and teachers may be mitigated with appropriate training and specialist guidance leading to the application of 8 outcomes..

Paul James

2012-07-01

76

Adolescents’ Interpersonal Relationships with Friends, Parents, and Teachers When Using Facebook for Interaction  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of the study is to investigate the adolescents’ interpersonal relationships with friends, parents, and teachers when using Facebook for interaction. A total of 740 junior high school students were invited to fill in a questionnaire and 673 questionnaires were available. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and paired-samples

Shih-Hsiung Liu; Mei-Chun Yin; Tsung-Hsien Huang

2013-01-01

77

Training Head Start Teachers in Behavior Management Using Parent-Child Interaction Therapy: A Preliminary Investigation  

Science.gov (United States)

The current project evaluated the use of behavior management techniques utilized in Parent- Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) in head start classrooms. The sample included seven Head Start classrooms; four classrooms receiving treatment and three classrooms receiving no treatment. Evaluation of the progress included observation of teacher and…

Tiano, Jennifer D.; McNeil, Cheryl B.

2006-01-01

78

Parent/Teacher Views of Developmentally Appropriate Practices: A Hungarian Perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Used Q methodology and interviews to explore beliefs of 14 Hungarian teachers and 14 parents of children in preschool and Grade 1 (7 at each grade level) regarding developmentally appropriate practices (DAP), with follow-up interviews with 6 participants. Found that major viewpoints regarding DAP relate to focusing on children's individual…

Szente, Judit; Hoot, James; Ernest, James

2002-01-01

79

Differential Trust between Parents and Teachers of Children from Low-Income and Immigrant Backgrounds  

Science.gov (United States)

This study was designed to investigate the trust relationship between parents and teachers in first grade. Additional research questions were whether trust was related to ethnicity and reading performance. The five facets of trust; benevolence, reliability, competence, honesty and openness, were measured on a 4-point Likert scale. Reading…

Janssen, Marije; Bakker, Joep T. A.; Bosman, Anna M. T.; Rosenberg, Kirsten; Leseman, Paul P. M.

2012-01-01

80

Project HAPTT: Haitian Parent and Teacher Training Program. Program Evaluation, 3rd Year. Final Report.  

Science.gov (United States)

The third and final year of Project HAPTT (Haitian Parent and Teacher Training), 1983-84, is evaluated in this report. Project HAPTT is a program of training for educators and New York City community members who work with limited English proficient Haitian students in Haitian Creole/French-English bilingual programs. The first part of the paper…

Joseph, Carole Berotte; Blot, Richard K.

 
 
 
 
81

The Strong-Willed Child: A Huge Challenge for Parents and Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

People are born with certain temperament traits. Some children are easy going and easy to get along with. Some are not. This article describes the temperament traits of the strong-willed child. The strong-willed is viewed as stubborn to parents and teachers. The child's goal is to always be in control of his own behaviors, regardless of the needs…

Costley, Kevin C.

2013-01-01

82

IMAGE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF PARENTS AND TEACHERS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The main purpose of this study is to understand the perception of the image and pride of working in the technical and vocational fields from the perspective of parents and teachers in secondary schools.

2013-01-01

83

Pathways of influence in school-based mentoring: the mediating role of parent and teacher relationships.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study explores the pathways through which school-based mentoring relationships are associated with improvements in elementary and high school students' socio-emotional, academic, and behavioral outcomes. Participants in the study (N=526) were part of a national evaluation of the Big Brothers Big Sisters school-based mentoring programs, all of whom had been randomly assigned to receive mentoring at their schools over the course of one academic year. Students were assessed at the beginning and end of the school year. The results of structural equation modeling showed that mentoring relationship quality, as measured by the Youth-Centered Relationship scale and the Youth's Emotional Engagement scale, was significantly associated with positive changes in youths' relationships with parents and teachers, as measured by subscales of the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment, the Teacher Relationship Quality scale, and the Hemingway Measure of Adolescent Connectedness. Higher quality relationships with parents and teachers, in turn, were significantly associated with better youth outcomes, including self-esteem, academic attitudes, prosocial behaviors, and misconduct. The effect sizes of the associations ranged from 0.12 to 0.52. Mediation analysis found that mentoring relationship quality was indirectly associated with some of the outcomes through its association with improved parent and teacher relationships. Implications of the findings for theory and research are discussed. PMID:23375177

Chan, Christian S; Rhodes, Jean E; Howard, Waylon J; Lowe, Sarah R; Schwartz, Sarah E O; Herrera, Carla

2013-02-01

84

Functions of the Parent-Teacher Association (PTA): A Hong Kong Perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Attempts to provide an understanding of the purpose behind the recent increase in parent-teacher associations (PTA) in Hong Kong over the past three years. Shows that enhancing home-school communication is the most important objective. Examines the practices and networking functions of the PTA, and develops a model of PTA functions. (DSK)

Pang, I-wah

1997-01-01

85

Hong Kong Teacher Education Students' Goal Orientations and Their Relationship to Perceived Parenting Styles  

Science.gov (United States)

The study examined goal orientations, perceived parenting styles, and their relationships in a sample of Hong Kong teacher education students. It was found that students adopted both learning and performance goals but tended to be more performance goal-oriented. Females were more performance goal-oriented than males. As well, students perceived…

Chan, Kwok-Wai; Chan, Siu-Mui

2007-01-01

86

Bullying: Who Does What, when and Where? Involvement of Children, Teachers and Parents in Bullying Behavior  

Science.gov (United States)

Bullying victimization is associated with several health issues. Prevention of bullying is therefore an important goal for health and education professionals. In the present study, 2766 children from 32 Dutch elementary schools participated by completing a questionnaire on bullying behavior, and the involvement of teachers, parents and classmates…

Fekkes, M.; Pijpers, F. I. M.; Verloove-Vanhorick, S. P.

2005-01-01

87

Kindergarten Readiness and Preschools: Teachers' and Parents' Beliefs within and across Programs  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative interview-based study compares beliefs about kindergarten readiness and about the roles of preschools in readiness among parents and preschool teachers in three early childhood programs in the northeastern and southwestern United States. Interviews focused on beliefs concerning meanings of kindergarten readiness and the role of…

Hatcher, Beth; Nuner, Joyce; Paulsel, Jean

2012-01-01

88

The Quality of Parent-Teacher Relationship Scale in the Kindergarten: A Greek Study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The present study elaborates on the issue of the relationship quality between parents and teachers. It focuses on kindergarten as it constitutes an educational context that addresses unique challenges for parent-teacher interaction and there is a lack of measurement tools to capture the affective dimensions of this interaction. A newly constructed measure is presented, the Quality of Parent-Teacher Relationship Scale in the kindergarten (QPTRS-K which was developed on the basis of four quality indicators that were proposed. A nationally selected sample of 913 mothers and 233 kindergarten teachers provided data for the QPTRS-K corresponding forms. Moreover, participants provided information about a set of theoretically-linked variables to examine reliability and validity issues. Two factors emerged that were interpreted as Trust/Acceptance and Communication/Responsiveness, providing evidence for the conceptual considerations of the scale development. Mothers and teachers’ total scores and subscales had high internal consistency. The relations with the proposed variables and the direction of the links were indicative of the validity of the scale. Implications concerning policy and research are discussed.

Konstantinos Petrogiannis

2013-11-01

89

"The lunatics have taken over the asylum": A phenomenological perspective on parent-teacher relationships  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Contextualisation My research explores the relationships between the parent/carers of children with special educational needs and their teachers. The section of analysis detailed in this paper draws upon the interviews given by the mother as parent (P and class teacher (T of an 11 year old boy described as having ‘emotional and behavioural difficulties’. Using a phenomenological perspective, microsystems and/or environments are described in terms of how they are perceived or experienced by the participants. The analysis is viewed through two lenses: the sociocultural view of development proposed by Bronfennbrenner’s Ecology of Human Development (1979, in which an ecological approach is taken to the analysis of human relationships, and Wenger’s work on Communities of Practice (1998 which presents a theory of learning as a process of social participation. Abstract: Parent-teacher relationships operate at different points along a continuum of engagement involving two or more participants engaged in common, complementary or independent undertakings. My research has a particular focus upon the (often problematic relationships between the parent/carers of children with special educational needs and their teachers. In this paper, the theories of both Wenger and Bronfenbrenner are discussed and utilised to reflect individuals existing within layers of relationships and influences. The paper highlights the way in which a parent, teacher and child, concurrently involved in more than one community or microsystem at work and at home, are subject to the influence of different ecosystems. The analysis of dyadic interviews is used to demonstrate that both context and setting can be instrumental in explicating parent-teacher relationships. The final section of the paper demonstrates that a workable definition of ‘what matters and what doesn’t matter’ cannot be presumed to be shared by parents and teachers. Negotiation of meaning is an integral part of the informal ‘communities of practice’ formed when people pursue a shared enterprise over time. ‘Communities of practice’, in Wenger’s terms, or ‘joint activity dyads’, in Bronfenbrenner’s terms, are emergent structures resulting from collective learning with both developmental and transformative potential for all involved in the education of children.

Jackie Laluvein

2006-05-01

90

The Impact of the Computerization of a High School's Pedagogical Administration on Homeroom Teacher-Parents Interrelations: A Case Study  

Science.gov (United States)

The introduction of a school management information system (SMIS) in an urban vocational high school, located in a middle-class socio-economic neighborhood, notably affected the learning, behavior and attendance (LBA) interrelations between homeroom teachers (HRTs) and parents. HRT-parents interrelations in general, but those involving parents

Telem, M.

2005-01-01

91

Preparing Teachers to Train Parents to Use Evidence-Based Strategies for Oral Reading Fluency with Their Children  

Science.gov (United States)

Although there is promising evidence for parent-tutoring strategies for improving oral reading fluency, such parent tutoring programs are not widely used in schools. This study examined the effectiveness of providing parent training in school settings using teachers as trainers. An evidence-based reading package including listening passage…

Kupzyk, Sara; Daly, Edward J., III; Andersen, Melissa N.

2012-01-01

92

COMPUTER MEDIATED PARENT-TEACHER COMMUNICATION (LA COMUNICACIÓN ENTRE PADRE-MAESTRO MEDIADA POR COMPUTADORA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract:Parent-teacher communication is crucial to children’s education. The literature reveals that parents’ involvement in their children’s education improves outcomes in areas such as learning, attendance, behavior, and graduation rates. Increased and meaningful communication between home and school is likely to enhance parent involvement and may consequently support students’ learning. Schools are using various forms of technology to increase school/home communication, including voice mail, e-mail, school and classroom websites, and web access to individual student information such as attendance, grades, and student portfolios; however, this use is not consistent or widespread. This paper examines the most prevalent parent-teacher communication in a K-12 educational setting and explores various communication options to improve parent-teacher communication. The focus is to examine the communication needs between teacher and parents and the benefits of combining traditional synchronous and asynchronous communication with newer communication technologies to meet these needs.Resumen:La comunicación entre padres y maestros es crucial para la educación de los niños. La literatura revela que la participación de los padres en la educación de sus hijos mejora los resultados en áreas como el aprendizaje, asistencia, conducta, y en las tasas de graduación. Una comunicación efectiva entre la familia y la escuela aumenta la participación de los padres en la educación de sus niños y consecuentemente mejora el aprendizaje de los estudiantes. Las instituciones educativas están utilizando diversas formas de tecnología para incrementar la comunicación familia-escuela, entre ellas están el buzón de voz, el correo electrónico, páginas Web de las escuelas con acceso a la información personal de cada estudiante (asistencia, calificaciones, y actividades escolares. No obstante, este uso no es consistente o masivo. Este ensayo examina las necesidades de comunicación entre los maestros y los padres y los beneficios de combinar comunicación tradicional, sincrónica (tiempo real y asincrónica (con retraso, utilizando nuevas tecnologías de comunicación para satisfacer estas necesidades.

Juniu Susana

2009-12-01

93

The Secret Reasons Why Teachers Are Not Using Web 2.0 Tools and What School Librarians Can Do about It  

Science.gov (United States)

School librarians need a simple action plan for overcoming the barriers to adopting School Library 2.0. This book provides one, and describes how fully integrating technology would dramatically benefit 21st-century schools. Despite the substantial efforts that have been made to bring schools into the 21st century, research indicates that the…

Creighton, Peggy Milam

2012-01-01

94

Solo Librarians Working Collaboratively  

Science.gov (United States)

The Elko County School District in Nevada has elementary school librarians that are "solo" librarians. Over the last several years they have worked to collaborate on meeting monthly--even though the district covers 17,100 square miles--and on providing professional development face to face and online. Sharing and collaboration help them to problem…

Nickel, Robbie

2011-01-01

95

Differences in Parents' and Teachers' Ratings of ADHD Symptoms and Other Mental Health Problems  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Background and objectives: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms and other mental health problems appear early in life and proper treatment is essential for a positive long-term outcome. The present study examines the level of agreement, and potential gender differences, between p [...] arents' and teachers' reports of ADHD symptoms and other mental health problems in 305 Greek children aged between 6-9 years. Methods: Parents and teachers of 147 boys and 158 girls attending the first three grades of 10 primary schools in the wider area of Northern Greece completed the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ- Goodman, 1997) and the Child Attention Profile (CAP- Barkley, 1990). Results: The level of agreement between parents' and teachers' reports was low to moderate for the SDQ (0.16-0.34) and satisfactory for the CAP (0.60-0.66). Parents reported more hyperactivity, emotional, and conduct problems than teachers according to SDQ and more overactivity and attention-deficit with hyperactivity according to CAP. Gender differences in ratings were found as well, since boys were reported as being more hyperactive according to SDQ and as having more overactivity and attention-deficit with hyperactivity according to CAP than girls. Conclusions: Findings are discussed in terms of the importance of using multiple informants to gather data on disruptive behaviour through rating scales.

Papageorgiou, Vaya; Kalyva, Efrosini; Dafoulis, Vaios; Vostanis, Panos.

96

The structure and use of the teacher and parent Maltese Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ (Goodman, 1997 is one of the most commonly used measures of mental health in children and young people and has been translated into more than forty languages. This paper discusses the translation of the SDQ in Maltese and explores the structure and use of the teacher and parent Maltese translations. 4797 school teachers and 2865 parents completed the Maltese teacher and parent SDQ respectively. The results indicate that the Maltese SDQ, particularly the teacher version, meets the basic psychometric properties which make it a useful index of social, emotional and behaviour difficulties and prosocial behaviour amongst Maltese children and young people. Exploratory factor analysis suggests that the Maltese version clearly discriminates between difficulty and prosocial behaviour, and that it may be closer in fit to a three factor model, namely internalized difficulties, externalized difficulties and prosocial behaviour. While there are a number of variations, which may be explained by the local educational and socio-cultural context, Maltese mean scores are quite comparable with international SDQ norms. In view of a number of limitations, however, the use of the Maltese SDQ needs to be used with caution and further research into its psychometric properties is suggested.

Carmel Cefai

2011-04-01

97

Reliable ratings or reading tea leaves: can parent, teacher, and clinician behavioral ratings of preschoolers predict ADHD at age six?  

Science.gov (United States)

To assess the relative ability of parent, teacher, and clinician behavioral ratings of preschoolers to predict ADHD severity and diagnosis at 6 years of age. Hyperactive/inattentive preschoolers [N?=?104, 75 % boys, Mean (SD) age?=?4.37 (0.47) years] were followed over 2 years (mean?=?26.44 months, SD?=?5.66). At baseline (BL), parents and teachers completed the ADHD-RS-IV and clinicians completed the Behavioral Rating Inventory for Children following a psychological testing session. At age 6, [Mean (SD) age?=?6.62 (0.35) years], parents were interviewed with the K-SADS-PL; teachers completed the ADHD-RS-IV; and laboratory measures of hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention were obtained from children. Hierarchical logistic and linear regression analyses examined which combination of BL ratings best predicted 6-year-old ADHD diagnosis and severity, respectively. At age 6, 56 (53.8 %) children met DSM-IV criteria for a diagnosis of ADHD. BL ratings from parent/teacher/clinician, parent/teacher and parent/clinician combinations significantly predicted children who had an ADHD diagnosis at age 6. Parent and clinician, but not teacher, behavior ratings were significant independent predictors of ADHD diagnosis and severity at 6-years-old. However, only clinician reports of preschoolers' behaviors predicted laboratory measures of over-activity and inattention at follow-up. Cross-situationality is important for a diagnosis of ADHD during the preschool years. Among parents, teachers and clinicians, positive endorsements from all three informants, parent/teacher or parent/clinician appear to have prognostic value. Clinicians' ratings of preschoolers' inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity are valid sources of information for predicting ADHD diagnosis and severity over time. PMID:24085388

O'Neill, Sarah; Schneiderman, Robyn L; Rajendran, Khushmand; Marks, David J; Halperin, Jeffrey M

2014-05-01

98

Parenting  

Science.gov (United States)

... parents, people are always ready to offer advice. Parenting tips, parents' survival guides, dos, don'ts, shoulds ... right" way to be a good parent. Good parenting includes Keeping your child safe Showing affection and ...

99

More than teacher directed or child initiated: Preschool curriculum type, parent involvement, and children's outcomes in the child-parent centers.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study investigated the contributions of curriculum approach and parent involvement to the short- and long-term effects of preschool participation in the Title I Chicago Child-Parent Centers. Data came from the complete cohort of 989 low-income children (93% African American in the Chicago Longitudinal Study, who attended preschool in the 20 Child-Parent Centers in 1983-1985 and kindergarten in 1985-1986. We found that implementation of an instructional approach rated high by Head Teachers in teacher-directed and child-initiated activities was most consistently associated with children’s outcomes, including school readiness at kindergarten entry, reading achievement in third and eighth grades, and avoidance of grade retention. Parent involvement in school activities, as rated by teachers and by parents, was independently associated with child outcomes from school readiness at kindergarten entry to eighth grade reading achievement and grade retention above and beyond the influence of curriculum approach. Findings indicate that instructional approaches that blend a teacher-directed focus with child-initiated activities and parental school involvement are origins of the long-term effects of participation in the Child-Parent Centers.

Elizabeth Graue

2004-12-01

100

Librarian as Poet / Poet as Librarian  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In brief: Through interviews with three poets who also work in libraries, this article explores the benefits and challenges of these overlapping roles, reflecting on commonalities in the two communities. Introduction I am a librarian and a poet who has tried to keep those two roles separate. As a library school student and in the […

Erin Dorney

2014-02-01

 
 
 
 
101

The Actions of Teacher-Librarians Minimize or Reinforce Barriers to Adolescent Information Seeking. A Review of: Meyers, Eric M., Lisa P. Nathan, and Matthew L. Saxton. “Barriers to Information Seeking in School Libraries: Conflicts in Perceptions and Practice.” Information Research 12:2 (2007: paper 295.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – To study high school teacher-librarians and whether their actions and reactions are aligned with their perception of the role they play in creating an information seeking and learning environment.Design – Triangulation qualitative research undertaken over a 16 month period (Fall 2005 – 2007.Setting – Six high school libraries in the Puget Sound region of the state of Washington, United States.Subjects – Six teacher-librarians, each with a minimum of ten years experience and classroom teachers and students. This sample represented the range of school sizes, the rural, urban, and suburban mix, and the range of significant socioeconomic conditions (qualification for subsidized lunch and English as an additional language in the region.Methods – Four interviews of one to two hours were held with each teacher-librarian during school hours. Initial interviews were recorded by hand and a set question protocol was used (and included in the appendix. Questions were asked about their professional background and training; their job duties, day to day activities and priorities; their perceptions as to how others (e.g., peers and administrators support the library; the goals of their library’s services; how students use the library; and their critical assessment of their role. Subsequent interviews were undertaken within two days of a classroom visit to the library and also followed a set protocol of questions (Appendix D. The second set of interviews was audio recorded and transcribed. Two classroom teachers from each school were interviewed for 30 minutes and audio recorded using a set interview protocol (Appendix C within two days of class participation in library instruction. Library observations ranging from two to three hours each occurred during a minimum of seven randomized times at each library. These observation sessions typically included class instructional sessions of thirty to ninety minutes. The observation protocols are described in an appendix to the study. Consistent note-taking, varying of observation times and days of week, use of triangulated methods, comparison of emergent themes with other studies, audio-taping interviews, inter-coder checks, analyzing data for observer effect, and a number of other approaches ensured validity. Kuhlthau’s theory of intermediation and Zone of Intervention was used as a theoretical framework to categorize the teacher-librarians’ perceptions of their roles and their observed activities. Harris and Dewdney’s principles of information seeking behaviour were used as an analytic framework to study the difference between the teacher-librarians’ perceptions of their roles and their observed practices. These five roles are organizer of information; expert in locating material; identifier and instructor of general sources; advisor of search strategy; and mediator in the process of constructing meaning (Kuhlthau.Main Results – The findings were framed in the six principles of information seeking (Harris & Dewdney and were presented through use of narrative captured in both the observations and interviews.Principle 1: Information needs arise from the help-seeker’s situation.The high school students in the library to complete assignments about which the teacher-librarians were not apprised; therefore the teacher-librarians were unable to assist the students in meeting information needs.Principle 2: The decision to seek help or not seek help is affected by many factors.Principle 3: People tend to seek information that is most accessible.Issues of control were the greatest barrier to students’ successful information seeking behaviour. In the environments observed, the greatest balance of power was within the control of the teachers, including when and if the students would have access to the library, and whether the teacher-librarian would be informed of the assignment. Within the library facility, the teacher-librarians demonstrated a high need for control and power over the students’ activities and behaviour, and the students thems

Julie McKenna

2009-06-01

102

Physical activity and beverage consumption in preschoolers: focus groups with parents and teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Qualitative research is a method in which new ideas and strategies can be discovered. This qualitative study aimed to investigate parents' and teachers' opinions on physical activity and beverage consumption of preschool children. Through separate, independent focus groups, they expressed their perceptions on children's current physical activity and beverage consumption levels, factors that influence and enhance these behaviours, and anticipated barriers to making c...

Craemer, Marieke; Decker, Ellen; Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse; Deforche, Benedicte; Vereecken, Carine; Duvinage, Kristin; Grammatikaki, Evangelia; Iotova, Violeta; Ferna?ndez-alvira, Juan Miguel; Zych, Kamila; Manios, Yannis; Cardon, Greet

2013-01-01

103

Retention of Hispanic/Latino students in first grade: Child, parent, teacher, school, and peer predictors  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A sample of 283 Hispanic children with literacy performance at entrance to first grade below the median for their school district was studied as part of a larger research project on the predictors of grade retention in grade 1. Following retention decisions, 51 Hispanic students were retained in first grade. Low literacy skills, being young at entrance to first grade, low ego resilience, low support in the teacher–student relationship, and parents’ low sense of responsibility for their ch...

Willson, Victor L.; Hughes, Jan N.

2006-01-01

104

Career and parenting satisfaction among medical students, residents and physician teachers at a Canadian medical school  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: Studies of career and parenting satisfaction have focused separately on medical students, residents and practising physicians. The objective of this study was to compare satisfaction across a spectrum of stages of medical career. METHODS: A survey of incoming medical students, current medical students, residents and physician teachers at the University of Saskatchewan was conducted in the spring of 1997. Response rates were 77% (43/56), 81% (177/218), 65% (134/206) and 39% (215/55...

Cujec, B.; Oancia, T.; Bohm, C.; Johnson, D.

2000-01-01

105

Reconstructing Parents’ Meetings in Primary Schools: The Teacher as Expert, the Parent as Advocate and the Pupil as Self-Advocate  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The efficacy of parents’ meetings in primary schools in the UK is anarea in need of research. This article uses an approach informed by grounded theory to explore the experiences and satisfaction of parents, teachers and pupils regarding bi-annual meetings to discuss pupil progress. A two-phase approach was utilised, with diary-interviews with parents and teachers and group pupil interviews in Phase 1, followed by a parents’ questionnaire in Phase 2 derived from Phase 1 data. The findings from a doctoral study provide an overall more positive depiction of these meetings compared to existing research in the secondary sector. A model of the teacher as the expert and information-giver persists, but a consumerist ideology appears evident as parents seek to participate and advocate on behalf of their child. As parents become more proactive and teachers act to retain their professional authority, the interaction of the professional and advocate has excluded the perspective of the child. This leaves pupils in search of self-advocacy at meetings in which they are the object of discussion, but cannot be present. While pupils generally favour involvement, adults express a protectionist perspective on pupil exclusion with exceptional factors indicated as being the age of the child and the content of the meeting.

Gillian Inglis

2012-01-01

106

Measuring growth in bilingual and monolingual children's english productive vocabulary development: the utility of combining parent and teacher report.  

Science.gov (United States)

This longitudinal study examined growth in the English productive vocabularies of bilingual and monolingual children between ages 24 and 36 months and explored the utility and validity of supplementing parent reports with teacher reports to improve the estimation of children's vocabulary. Low-income, English-speaking and English/Spanish-speaking parents and Early Head Start and Head Start program teachers completed the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory, Words and Sentences for 85 children. Results indicate faster growth rates for monolingual than for bilingual children and larger vocabularies for bilingual children who spoke mostly English than mostly Spanish at home. Parent-teacher composite reports, like parent reports, significantly related to children's directly assessed productive vocabulary at ages 30 and 36 months, but parent reports fit the model better. Implications for vocabulary assessment are discussed. PMID:19765017

Vagh, Shaher Banu; Pan, Barbara Alexander; Mancilla-Martinez, Jeannette

2009-01-01

107

Leadership Development for Librarians.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this manual is to provide a guide to the inservice training of librarians for community liaison through the group work process. The manual was developed for the supervisor participants in the Institute on Discovery Management for Supervisor...

P. R. Penland

1971-01-01

108

The Place of the "Open House" in the School-Choice Process: Insights from Canadian Parents, Children, and Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

The current study aimed at exploring the perceived significance of promotional events in secondary schools among Canadian parents, their children, and teachers and at determining the influence of these events on the school-choice process and school life. The findings suggest that both teachers and families displayed apparently contradictory…

Oplatka, Izhar

2007-01-01

109

"They Didn't Have 'Out There' Gay Parents--They Just Looked Like "Normal" Regular Parents": Investigating Teachers' Approaches to Addressing Same-Sex Parenting and Non-Normative Sexuality in the Elementary School Classroom  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article we draw on queer theoretical and critical literacy perspectives to investigate elementary school teachers' pedagogical approaches to addressing same-sex parenting and non-normative sexuality in the elementary classroom. Through undertaking case study research, we examine two Australian elementary school teachers' reflections on…

Martino, Wayne; Cumming-Potvin, Wendy

2011-01-01

110

Librarian as Professor of Social Media Literacy  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many high school teachers are prohibited from interacting with students in social media sites despite the fact that the majority of teenagers actively use them. The first opportunity most students have to interact with instructors in an online environment is in higher education. University and college librarians can take the lead in providing social media literacy instruction by developing courses and workshops using the Information Literacy Competency Standards developed by ACRL. This articl...

2012-01-01

111

Environmental influences on youth eating habits: insights from parents and teachers in South Korea.  

Science.gov (United States)

Youth obesity has increased over the past two decades in South Korea. Researchers employed in-depth interviews and focus-group discussions with parents and teachers from 26 schools in metropolitan South Korea, to examine environmental factors affecting youth eating habits. Home environment and exposure to healthy foods were the most important factors influencing healthy eating habits. Families with working mothers eat out more than do families with stay-at-home mothers. Poor nutrition education is associated with low vegetable intake in elementary school lunches. A cultural emphasis on academic achievement adversely affects children's eating practices. Findings can guide future studies and inform program development. PMID:24884552

Park, Sohyun; Kang, Jae-Heon; Lawrence, Robert; Gittelsohn, Joel

2014-01-01

112

Parent and teacher rating scales in the evaluation of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: contribution to diagnosis and differential diagnosis in clinically referred children.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluated diagnostic utility of parent and teacher ratings in the attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) assessment and differential diagnosis of a clinical sample of children referred for suspected ADHD. Participants were 184 5- to 12-year-old children for whom the following were available: multimethod multi-informant assessment, firm decision regarding presence or absence of ADHD, and parent-completed Child Behavior Checklist and revised 48-item Conners Parent Rating Scale, and teacher-completed Teacher Report Form and 39-item Conners Teacher Rating Scale. Parent ratings of children diagnosed with and without ADHD were generally similar. In contrast, teachers rated students diagnosed with ADHD as displaying higher levels of behavioral difficulties. Discriminant function analyses indicated parent ratings of narrowband measures of ADHD and broadband measures of externalizing symptoms displayed high sensitivity. Teacher ratings outperformed parent ratings when considering sensitivity, specificity, and overall classification accuracy. For clinically recommended cut scores, teacher measures displayed good specificity and positive predictive power. Combining rating scales within informants. did not improve classification accuracy. Combining across parent and teacher measures produced results consistent with teacher ratings. Results support recommendations to include parent and teacher rating scales in ADHD assessment. Scales contributing most to classification accuracy were those designed to assess ADHD. Imperfect performance of rating scales supports recommendations to include other methodologies in diagnosis and differential diagnosis of ADHD. PMID:16775518

Tripp, Gail; Schaughency, Elizabeth A; Clarke, Bronwyn

2006-06-01

113

Not your ordinary librarian debunking the popular perceptions of librarians  

CERN Multimedia

When you picture a librarian, what do you imagine? An old white woman with glasses and a prudish disposition? That is the image that many people conjure up when asked to picture a librarian; with 82 per cent of the professional force being female and the average age of a librarian at 45, coupled with popular stereotypical images, it is difficult to dispute the perceptions. But there is more to librarians than meets the eye. This book will explore the origin of the image and popular media images of the librarian, in addition to the effects of the stereotype, and the challenges to the perception

White, Ashanti

2012-01-01

114

Speaking My Mind: Poised to Partner--The 21st-Century School Librarian  

Science.gov (United States)

In schools where student learning is a top priority, librarians' roles include teacher, instructional partner, reading motivator, staff developer, information specialist, curator, and program administrator. They are steered by national standards akin to those guiding core subjects, and it is the librarians' job to embed these standards…

Southworth, Amy Jo

2013-01-01

115

Librarians' Image and Identity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

To achieve a good image, librarians must develop a strong sense of identity. The purpose of the present research is to analyze the situation of a small library, the Poletti library, discovering how professionals see themselves, starting from the idea that visibility and dignity should be values of our daily life.

2006-01-01

116

Librarians and Gifted Readers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Outlines myths about gifted readers. Suggests that librarians are vital in nurturing gifted children by developing collections which respond to high abilities and diverse intelligences while honoring the chronological age of these readers, by creating responsive learning environments and using flexible teaching strategies, and by supporting…

Abilock, Debbie

1999-01-01

117

Gates Speaks to Librarians.  

Science.gov (United States)

In an interview, Microsoft CEO Bill Gates answers questions about the Gates Library Foundation; Libraries Online; tax-support for libraries; comparisons to Andrew Carnegie; charges of "buying" the library market; Internet filters, policies, and government censorship; the future of the World Wide Web and the role of librarians in its future.(PEN)

St. Lifer, Evan

1997-01-01

118

Parents’ Ages at Birth and Risk of Adult-onset Hematologic Malignancies Among Female Teachers in California  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Although advanced parental age at one's birth has been associated with increased risk of breast and prostate cancers, few studies have examined its effect on adult-onset sporadic hematologic malignancies. The authors examined the association of parents’ ages at women's births with risk of hematologic malignancies among 110,999 eligible women aged 22–84 years recruited into the prospective California Teachers Study. Between 1995 and 2007, 819 women without a family history of hematologic m...

Lu, Yani; Ma, Huiyan; Sullivan-halley, Jane; Henderson, Katherine D.; Chang, Ellen T.; Clarke, Christina A.; Neuhausen, Susan L.; West, Dee W.; Bernstein, Leslie; Wang, Sophia S.

2010-01-01

119

Strengthening the Roles of Parent Teacher Association in Secondary Schools for Better Community Participation in Educational Development in Nigeria  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The paper examined the traditional roles of the Parent Teacher Association (PTA) in secondary schools inNigeria. The state of secondary schools in Nigeria suggests that there are still some problems facing the school inwhich the PTA had been found wanting. These include inadequate financial support of the PTA to the schools;lack of cooperation between the schools and the parents; inadequate supervision of schools among others. Thepaper therefore made some recommendatio...

Haastrup Timilehin Ekundayo; Hezekiah Ogbomida Alonge

2012-01-01

120

Parent and Teacher Autonomy-Support in Russian and U.S. Adolescents: Common Effects on Well-Being and Academic Motivation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Examined whether autonomy-support would have a positive effect on self-motivation and well-being. U.S. and Russian high school students completed measures of perceived parental and teacher autonomy-support, academic motivation, and well-being. Russian students perceived parents and teachers as more controlling than did U.S. students. In both…

Chirkov, Valery I.; Ryan, Richard M.

2001-01-01

 
 
 
 
121

Parent-Child and Teacher-Child Relationships in Chinese Preschoolers: The Moderating Role of Preschool Experiences and the Mediating Role of Social Competence  

Science.gov (United States)

Based on two samples of Chinese preschoolers (Study 1: N = 443; Study 2: N = 118) and their parents and teachers, the present research examined the associations between parent-child and teacher-child relationships, and how the associations were moderated by children's preschool experiences and mediated by their social competence. Using a…

Zhang, Xiao

2011-01-01

122

Opinions of Teachers and Parents about Time Spent by Students at School, Lesson Hours, Break Times, Holidays and School Terms  

Science.gov (United States)

Amount of time spent at school is one of the mostly discussed educational matters. The present study was carried out to put forward the relationship between the time spent at school and learning acquisitions. In the study, 52 parents living in Bursa and 59 teachers were asked for their opinions. According to the data, while nearly half of the…

Gokce, Feyyat

2012-01-01

123

Parent and Teacher Perceptions of Transitioning Students from a Listening and Spoken Language School to the General Education Setting  

Science.gov (United States)

The present study examines the perception of parents and teachers towards the transition process and preparedness of students who are deaf or hard of hearing from a listening and spoken language school in the Northeastern United States to a general education setting in their home school districts. The study uses a mixed methods design with…

Rugg, Natalie; Donne, Vicki

2011-01-01

124

Librarian as Professor of Social Media Literacy  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Many high school teachers are prohibited from interacting with students in social media sites despite the fact that the majority of teenagers actively use them. The first opportunity most students have to interact with instructors in an online environment is in higher education. University and college librarians can take the lead in providing social media literacy instruction by developing courses and workshops using the Information Literacy Competency Standards developed by ACRL. This article discusses the development and instruction of a freshmen orientation course at Oregon State University titled Social Media: A Life Lived Online.

Laurie M. Bridges

2012-01-01

125

The Researching Librarian  

Science.gov (United States)

Created by Kerry Smith, Assistant Professor and Library Instruction Services Coordinator, Mississippi State University Libraries, this new metasite gathers a modest but carefully selected group of sites that may be useful to librarians conducting research. The sites are organized in five categories: databases, funding, journals, statistics, and tools. Each link is briefly annotated or includes a block quote from the title page of the site being linked to. While many of the sites listed will be familiar to experienced online researchers, the site is worth a look, and newer users will certainly find a number of useful resources.

126

Engaging students with ADHD in mainstream education: lessons from children, parents and teachers.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The move towards inclusive education in the UK (DfEE, 1997; DfE, 2004, and more recently integrated working (DfEE 2003, has resulted in the development of a national framework calling for a change to the way organizations meet the needs of children. The Children Act (DfEE 2004a provides the legal framework to legislate for these changes at national and local levels, and local service providers are required to work in partnership to provide a coordinated and coherent system of support aligned to the child's evolving needs. This paper reports on empirical findings taken from interviews with children with ADHD, their teachers and parents, to highlight what they perceive to be effective in providing support for the children in their learning environment. Examples are drawn from environmental, personal, organizational and structural factors that are believed to influence the children's behaviour. Suggestions are made over areas that need to be considered when setting up integrated services and how these can influence effective support for children.

Lesley Hughes

2009-04-01

127

Energy-Smart Building Choices: How Parents and Teachers Are Helping to Create Better Environments for Learning  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Most K-12 schools could save 25% of their energy costs by being smart about energy. Nationwide, the savings potential is$6 billion. While improving energy use in buildings and busses, schools are likely to create better places for teaching and learning, with better lighting, temperature control, acoustics, and air quality. This brochure, targeted to parents and teachers, describes how schools can become more energy efficient

2001-01-01

128

Willingness to use ADHD Treatments: A Mixed Methods Study of Perceptions by Adolescents, Parents, Health Professionals and Teachers  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Little is known about factors that influence willingness to engage in treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). From 2007 to 2008, in the context of a longitudinal study assessing ADHD detection and service use in the United States, we simultaneously elicited ADHD treatment perceptions from four stakeholder groups: adolescents, parents, health care professionals and teachers. We assessed their willingness to use ADHD interventions and views of potential undesirable effect...

Bussing, Regina; Koro-ljungberg, Mirka; Noguchi, Kenji; Mason, Dana; Mayerson, Gillian; Garvan, Cynthia W.

2012-01-01

129

Views of parents, teachers and children on health promotion in kindergarten : first results from formative focus groups and observations  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The aim of the study was to capture the views of children, parents and teachers on the topic of physical activity in kindergarten through observation and focus group interviews. The study was conducted in the kindergartens from the sampling group in the Danish part of PERISCOPE. 1 st methodology : Children interviewed inside by the researcher on preferable movements and settings and then observed outside during their playtime. 2 nd methodology : Children asked to draw themselves playing their most preferred physical activity. Parents and kindergarten teachers interviewed in two different groups, using an identical guide. Children are skilled in taking advantage of the space and facilities available for physical activity; girls need more support than boys to initiate physical activity; children are happy with the facilities and the toys available in the kindergarten. Teachers feel an increasing pressure to take more responsibility and initiatives for the children â?? s health habits. Parents state that if more physical activity is initiated in the kindergarten, it could make children request domestic activity. Physical activity and movement concept are too abstract for children of this age to talk about: they quickly lose their focus and concentration. The new methodology of videotaping gives the researcher the chance to interpret facial expressions to capture movement, talk and actions, and to make a distinction among children, as they tend to interrupt each other. However, this method contains a weakness, if used alone, by the fact that the shooting is only a refl ection of what the video camera has recorded.

Sansolios, Sanne; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

2011-01-01

130

THE EXAMINATION OF THE BASIC SKILL LEVELS OF THE STUDENTS’ IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PERCEPTIONS OF TEACHERS, PARENTS AND STUDENTS  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In this research, the level of possession of the students’ basic skills that are anticipated to be cultivated into student by the new elementary education program were evaluated in terms of the perceptions of teachers, parents and students. For the sample groups of this research, the 4th and 5th grade students (527 from 16 schools, the parents (527 of these students and the teachers (148 of the 4th and 5th grade in the districts of Istanbul (Avcilar, Bakirkoy and Sisli, which is the largest city of Turkey, in the academic year 2006-2007, were chosen. The data collected via the research were analyzed by SPSS 15.0 package and the perception points of each 4th and 5th grade students towards the basic skills were assessed. Whether the total perception points of the groups differentiated from one another in each of the sub-dimensions was tested by MANOVA, for each sub-dimension, it was tested by ANOVA; and, to determine the source of the differences, Games-Howell Test was used. The significance level was taken as 0.05 in this research. Through the analyses it was determined that the teachers’, parents’ and students’ perceptions towards the 4th and 5th grade students’ possession of the basic skills and all sub-dimensions have a significant difference.

Davut HOTAMAN

2008-07-01

131

Librarian Mentoring of Undergraduate Research  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Bridgewater State University has a dynamic, highly visible, and increasingly successful Office of Undergraduate Research (OUR that supports students and their faculty mentors with developing research opportunities. Students working on undergraduate research projects have sought the help of librarians, but the librarians had never been directly involved as mentors. A librarian mentor and student library worker collaborated on a project to develop an online library guide, which is used by faculty and student researchers for discovering social justice resources, and found new paths to teaching and learning information literacy skills.

Pamela Annette Hayes-Bohanan

2013-01-01

132

Collaboration of Parents and EFL Teachers to Enhance Children’s Motivation towards Reading Skills: Focus to 1st Cycle of Primary Schools in Jimma Zone  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The goal of this study is to investigate to what extent parents and an EFL teachers work collaboratively to boost children’s motivation to reading skills. To achieve this aim, the First Cycle of Primary Schools (1-4 of Jimma zone, two woredas ( Kersa and Mana and one special town (Jimma were taken as an example. Clear and measurable attempts were made to investigate the extent to which parents work with EFL teachers to increase their children’s motivation to the direction of reading skills. In order to achieve the targeted objective mix- questionnaire and semi-structured interview for teachers, an FGD with parents, and classroom observation were made on the current views of parents involvement to maximize students’ motivation of reading and teachers’ role as well. Results of the study show that the parents and EFL teachers hardly work cooperatively to enhance students’ motivation towards reading skill. They do not have an effective communication way in which they exchange constructive information about the students’ reading motivation. There are clearly seen mismatches between the intended curriculum that vehemently sets parents and teachers should work together so as to make students are motivated toward reading skill of English.

Gemechis Teshome

2014-05-01

133

Relation of academic support from parents, teachers, and peers to Hong Kong adolescents' academic achievement: the mediating role of academic engagement.  

Science.gov (United States)

The author tested a model hypothesizing that students' self-perceived academic support (from parents, teachers, and peers) is related to their achievement directly and indirectly through their own perceived academic engagement. The participants were 270 adolescents (M age = 15.41 years, range = 14-20 years) from 3 grade levels (Forms 3-5, equivalent to Grades 9-11 in the United States) in a Hong Kong secondary school. The school principal and teachers helped to collect data based on these adolescents' responses to a self-report questionnaire, consisting of a demographic profile and 4 scales assessing their self-perceptions of the extent of parental, teacher, and peer support, and their own academic engagement. Academic achievement was measured by self-reported grades in math, English, and Chinese. Structural equation modeling analyses revealed that adolescents' perceived parental, teacher, and peer support were all indirectly related to their academic achievement mediated by their own perceived academic engagement. The strength of the relationships, however, varied by support system, with perceived teacher support to achievement being the strongest, followed closely by perceived parental support, and then perceived peer support. In addition, both perceived parental support and perceived teacher support were directly related to academic achievement. However, perceived teacher support made the most total (direct and indirect) contribution to student achievement. Perceived peer support had the smallest, nonetheless significant, indirect relationship to academic achievement. However, the negative, direct influence of perceived peer support canceled out its positive, indirect influence on academic achievement. PMID:16779945

Chen, Jennifer Jun-Li

2005-05-01

134

Work Esteem And Re-Branding Of Technical Education And Vocational Training From The Perspective Of Parents, Teachers And Apprentice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Several issues were raised from the study of technical and vocational education: low pay, no career path for their future, unable to get admission to university, and finally technical education and vocational training are perceived to be for school dropouts and special needs students (the disabled (Ahmad Esa , 2010; Ramlee, 1999; Wancott, 2000; Gray, 1997; Stone, 1993; Kang and Bishop, 1986. Although various efforts have been undertaken by several agencies to encourage technical education and vocational training to the public, students and parents still prefer academic education to vocational education. Why does this phenomenon still exist despite the publicity given by many agencies? Do parents, students, teachers and school counselors, and various related parties understand the system of vocational education? Aren’t there sufficient promotion arranged? Aren’t there enough "success stories" of those doing technical education and vocational training brought to light by local media? This qualitative study was conducted in two zones, namely, the north (Kedah and central zone (Selangor, two schools were chosen from each zone; one school in the city (Kajang and one from the rural (Dengkil, which are sufficient to get the views of  parents and teachers. The results showed that there was a positive response from parents and teachers about the work reputation and re-branding of technical education and vocational training. Technical and vocational fields are no longer targeted for weak students; on the other hand this study has shown that parents believe that girls too can become successful mechanics. Now parents and teachers are encouraging students to pursue their field of interest, and no longer judge them based on test results per se to take up tertiary education. The path of technical education and vocational training can be advanced to university level and continued abroad. There are suggestions that opportunity should also be given to students learning Arabic or Islamic studies to pursue technical education and vocational training. Openness to technical education and vocational training can improve the image, work esteem and the re-branding of its career path to achieve the status of industrialized nation in 2020. Some implications of the study have been submitted for policy makers to take proactive steps in generating and enhancing the promotion of technical and vocational training.

Rahim Md. Sail

2012-04-01

135

Information for Librarians and Trainers  

Science.gov (United States)

... Health Topics Drugs & Supplements Videos & Cool Tools ESPAÑOL Information for Librarians and Trainers To use the sharing ... Tips Resources for Teaching How to Find Health Information Online General Evaluating Internet Health Information: A Tutorial ...

136

Ask The Librarian : A Webliography  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A Webliography collects the web sites about the electronic reference ask the librarian , divided into 5 categories ; libraries web sites offer the service , researches and studies , software , conferences and workshops , and webliographies.

2004-06-01

137

Significance of librarian’s self-concept in the communication process  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The article deals with the significance of the librarian’s self-concept in the communication process. First, it underlines the meaning of reference interviews, and second, it focuses on other micro and macro aspects of communication. The analysis shows that the librarian’s self-concept is hierarchically organised, structured, and therefore it consists of different areas. Each area equally contributes to the development and preservation of the appropriate librarian’s self-concept; althou...

2004-01-01

138

SOME ASPECTS OF TEACHING MEDIA LITERACY TO PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN SLOVENIA FROM A PERCEPTION STANDPOINT OF TEACHERS AND PARENTS  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper deals with media literacy as a multidimensional skill that parents and teachers possess. In this context we warn of the media-technical aspect of this skill and, within this aspect, of parents’ and teachers’ opinion on the presence of media in children’s lives. Following that, the paper explores teachers’ media-didactic competence as a component of educators’ media literacy. In the empiric part we used two aspects of fostering media literacy. One is the media-technical co...

2011-01-01

139

What Children Want from Parents--and How Teachers Can Help.  

Science.gov (United States)

The real enemy is not working mothers, but a society that undervalues parenting. Schools can help parents address and manage their guilt and stress, stop the mommy wars (between working and nonworking parents), work to improve community childcare, include fathers in outreach efforts, and help employers become family-friendly. (MLH)

Galinsky, Ellen

2001-01-01

140

Higher Education Librarians Are Comfortable and Confident With their Teaching Responsibilities and Pedagogical Knowledge. A Review of: Bewick, L., & Corrall, S. (2010. Developing librarians as teachers: A study of their pedagogical knowledge. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 42(2, 97-110.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – The primary objective of this study was to gather quantitative information on the need, development, acquisition, and application of pedagogical knowledge by academic librarians with teaching responsibilities.Design – Online survey questionnaire.Setting – Higher-education (HE institutions (i.e., post-secondary institutions such as colleges and universities in the United Kingdom.Subjects – Subject librarians from 82 HE libraries (one from each.Methods – Of the 191 HE institutions in the United Kingdom (determined via a now-unavailable directory, 137 supplied an online staff directory with contact information. One subject librarian from each HE institution was contacted; librarians were selected from the online directory by taking a name systematically from a different point in each listing (i.e., first, second, third, etc. Each librarian was sent an email that contained an introductory message as well as a link to the questionnaire. The online questionnaire was created using Survey Monkey and piloted before and after input. It employed mostly multiple-choice tick boxes as well as open-ended questions and comment boxes. The 35-question survey questionnaire was developed in part through email interviews with two leading researchers in the field (identified via the literature. Responses were received from 82 librarians (60%. The answers were analyzed and cross-tabulated using SPSS. Komogorov-Smirnov tests were done to determine the significance of some results. Open-ended questions and comment boxes were placed into categories using Microsoft Excel to identify patters and themes.Main Results – The 82 librarians who responded to the survey came from a wide variety of backgrounds: the majority were subject librarians from Arts & Humanities (31%, had spent more than ten years in their position (38%, worked full-time (71%, were members of pre-1992 HE institutions (59%, and went by the job title of Subject Librarian (30% (or a slight variation thereof.Respondents indicated a significant amount of variation in terms of the number of hours spent preparing and teaching each week, ranging from 0 to 25 hours per week (FT staff and 0 to 12 hours (PT staff. Eleven librarians spent 40% or more of their time teaching. Due to the high standard deviation (5.71, however, and the fact that many librarians indicated difficulty providing precise figures, these percentages should only be used as general estimates.The study found that librarians were involved in a variety of teaching settings, including on-the-spot support, writing materials, teaching small groups, conducting one-on-one instruction, and teaching large groups. Evaluation was not indicated as a regular practice. With regard to pedagogical development, most training was of an informal nature learned on the job (75% or through trial and error (61%. Other training methods included short courses or training programs, conferences, peer-support groups, and committee work. The most valuable lessons librarians took from their training were awareness of different learning styles (37%, the use of new techniques (29%, and contribution of planning and preparing (27%.A Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was performed on the correlation between involvement in formal training and knowledge of designing learning activities or teaching and learning theories (97.4% and 100% likelihood of a significant impact, relatively. While the authors state in the article that a Chi-square test was done, the original thesis upon which the article is based (available via http://dagda.shef.ac.uk/dissertations/2006-07/External/Cox_Laura_MALib.pdf, notes that the test was not completed as more than 20% of the expected counts were less than five (a frequent limiting constraint of the test.The vast majority felt their work was either important or very important; that they were sufficiently qualified and knowledgeable; and that they were confident providing the sessions. Responses were mixed when it came to determining whether additional training would improve their confidence or aid th

Mê-Linh Lê

2011-06-01

 
 
 
 
141

Relation between therapeutic response and side effects induced by methylphenidate as observed by parents and teachers of children with ADHD  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background The desired (therapeutic and undesired (side effects of methylphenidate might have underlying correlations. The aim of this study was to explore the strength and the possible sources of these correlations. Methods One hundred and fifty-seven children with ADHD (6-12 years were administered placebo and methylphenidate (0.5 mg/kg in a divided b.i.d. dose, each for a one-week period, in a double-blind, crossover trial. Therapeutic response was assessed using the Conners' Global Index for parents (CGI-Parents and teachers (CGI-Teachers, while side effects were assessed using the Barkley Side Effects Rating Scale (SERS. Results The side effect profile as assessed by the SERS was similar to that of previous studies with insomnia, decreased appetite, and headaches showing significant treatment effects (p Conclusion The greater "mood/anxiety" side effects on methylphenidate and placebo, the less the parents observe improvement of their children while treated with methylphenidate. This suggests that the correlations between "mood/anxiety" side effects and poor response to treatment may be driven by observer effects rather than biological commonalities between therapeutic and side effects of methylphenidate.

Bhat Venkataramana

2011-04-01

142

Undergraduates and Topic Selection: A Librarian’s Role  

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Full Text Available Research shows that undergraduate students struggle with the initial stage of the research process, mainly identifying and defining a topic. Little current research addresses how undergraduates engage in this process, including how and where they seek help. The results of focus groups indicate that students have individual and varied methods for topic selection, but that many of them choose topics based on their perception of a few major characteristics, mainly perceived ease, pleasing the instructor/following the assignment, personal relatability and/or interest, and the ability to locate sufficient resources to research a topic. Many students identified their instructor as a person to ask for assistance, but fewer recognized a librarian’s role in this process. This article identifies how embedded librarians might better assist students with this difficult piece of the research process.

Kacy Lundstrom

2013-01-01

143

The Transition of Wat Tham Krabok Hmong Children to Saint Paul Public Schools: Perspectives of Teachers, Principals, and Hmong Parents  

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Full Text Available In 2004, with the closing of the last Hmong refugee camp, Wat Tham Krabok, the latest group of Hmong refugees resettled to the US. To facilitate the language transition of approximately 1,000 school-aged newcomer Hmong children, the Saint Paul Public Schools, developed and established Transitional Language Centers. In this article, we examine the experiences and perspectives of principals, teachers and educational assistants who worked with newcomer Hmong children in the newly-established Transitional Language Centers and well-established Language Academy programs. We also elucidate the experiences of Hmong parents with the schools that served their children. Our research offers insights into the important work of the Transitional Language Centers as well as the need to better support newcomer Hmong parents.

Bic Ngo

2008-01-01

144

Strengthening the Roles of Parent Teacher Association in Secondary Schools for Better Community Participation in Educational Development in Nigeria  

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Full Text Available The paper examined the traditional roles of the Parent Teacher Association (PTA in secondary schools inNigeria. The state of secondary schools in Nigeria suggests that there are still some problems facing the school inwhich the PTA had been found wanting. These include inadequate financial support of the PTA to the schools;lack of cooperation between the schools and the parents; inadequate supervision of schools among others. Thepaper therefore made some recommendations on how the roles of the PTA can be strengthened for bettercommunity participation in the provision of qualitative education at the secondary school level. These includegiving the PTA more involvement in educational financing; giving them more responsibilities in schooladministration; giving them direct labour for execution of school projects instead of giving to outsidecontractors.

Haastrup Timilehin Ekundayo

2012-08-01

145

New Roles: A Librarian by Any Name.  

Science.gov (United States)

Considers the new roles of librarians that have evolved from changes in technology. Discusses new job titles for librarians; changes in bibliographic instruction; training the trainers; virtual branch libraries; teamwork and collaboration; changes in organizational structures; and outsourcing options. (LRW)

Braun, Linda W.

2002-01-01

146

The Scholarship of Canadian Research University Librarians  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reports the results of a national survey of Canadian research university librarians conducted by the author in 2006. The study deals with the motivation of librarians to engage in scholarly activities, the requirement for scholarship by librarians at Canadian research universities, the perceived importance of scholarship as a criterion for promotion and tenure, levels and forms of participation in scholarship, and librarians’ assessment of various types of support for scholarship...

David Fox

2007-01-01

147

Making the Best of Schools: A Handbook for Parents, Teachers, and Policymakers.  

Science.gov (United States)

An inevitable tension exists between what parents want for their own child and the educational opportunities that schools now provide for all children. This handbook shows parents and policymakers how to cooperatively improve schools for all children by explaining effective educational practices and suggesting educational policy reforms. Schools…

Oakes, Jeannie; Lipton, Martin

148

Getting "Foolishly Hot and Bothered"? Parents and Teachers and Sex Education in the 1940s  

Science.gov (United States)

The reluctance of parents to provide sex education has been a problem for educators since the first attempts at the modernisation of sex education in the early twentieth century, yet the sexual needs, desires and fears of parents are rarely even mentioned in pedagogical debates. This article examines the intense anxiety and embarrassment felt by…

Cook, Hera

2012-01-01

149

Secret Weapon Discovered! Scientists Say Parents Partnering with Teachers Can Change the Future of Education  

Science.gov (United States)

In "A New Wave of Evidence: The Impact of School, Family, and Community Connections on Student Achievement," published in 2002 by the Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, Anne T. Henderson and Karen Mapp reviewed years of research on parent involvement, and their conclusions are unequivocal. When parents are involved in school, students…

Furger, Roberta

2006-01-01

150

Protocol Evaluating the effectiveness of a school-based group programme for parents of children at risk of ADHD: the 'PArents, Teachers and CHildren WORKing Together (PATCHWORK)' cluster RCT protocol  

Science.gov (United States)

Introduction Early intervention for childhood behavioural problems may help improve health and educational outcomes in affected children and reduce the likelihood of developing additional difficulties. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a common childhood behavioural disorder, recommend a stepped care approach for the identification and management of these problems. Parents of children with high levels of hyperactivity and inattention may benefit from intervention programmes involving behavioural management and educational approaches. Such interventions may be further enhanced by providing training and feedback to teachers about the strategies discussed with parents. In relation to children with high levels of hyperactivity, impulsiveness and inattention, we aim to test the feasibility and effectiveness of a parenting programme (with and without an accompanying teacher session) in primary schools. Methods and analysis This clustered (at the level of school) randomised controlled trial (RCT) focuses on children in their first four school years (ages 4–8?years) in the East Midlands area of England. Parents will complete a screening measure, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, to identify children with high levels of hyperactivity/inattention. Three approaches to reducing hyperactivity and attention problems will be compared: a group programme for parents (parent-only intervention); group programme for parents combined with feedback to teachers (combined intervention); and waiting list control (no intervention). Differences between arms on the short version of Conners’ Parent and Teacher Rating Scales Revised will be compared and also used to inform the sample size required for a future definitive cluster RCT. A preliminary cost-effectiveness analysis will also be conducted. Ethics and dissemination The outcomes of this study will inform policy makers about the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of delivering targeted behavioural interventions within a school setting. The study has received ethical approval from the University of Nottingham Medical School Ethics Committee. Trial registration ISRCTN87634685

Sayal, Kapil; Daley, David; James, Marilyn; Yang, Min; Batty, Martin J; Taylor, John A; Pass, Sarah; Sampson, Christopher James; Sellman, Edward; Valentine, Althea; Hollis, Chris

2012-01-01

151

How to thrive as a solo librarian  

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How to Thrive as a Solo Librarian is a compilation of chapters by librarians offering advice to colleagues who must work alone or with very limited help. The contributors come from schools and colleges, special and corporate archives, public libraries, and seasoned LIS faculty across the United States and abroad who are familiar with the vigor, dedication, and creativity necessary for solo librarians.

Smallwood, Carol

2011-01-01

152

Recruiting the Next Generation of School Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

In 2003 at the American Association of School Librarians (AASL) 11th National Conference in Kansas City, the AASL Task Force on Recruitment for the Profession noted that 68 percent of school librarians will retire by the year 2015. They also reported extremely severe shortages of school librarians in ten states and severe shortages in 30 states…

Bishop, Kay; Janczak, Sue

2007-01-01

153

Reuniões de pais na educação infantil: modos de gestão / Parent teacher meetings in early childhood education: management styles  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O artigo discute a relação entre escolas e famílias no contexto da educação infantil por meio da análise de reuniões de pais. Fundamenta-se em um estudo de caso qualitativo sobre 11 reuniões, realizadas em duas escolas municipais de educação infantil paulistanas. Foram analisados os diferentes modos [...] de gestão pelo professor, segundo três aspectos: forma (pauta), conteúdo (temas), dinâmica (relações entre professor e pais). Os resultados indicaram modos de gestão que dificultam a participação dos pais e descaracterizam os objetivos das reuniões: forma desorganizada e rígida; conteúdo burocrático e comportamental; dinâmica fragmentada e centralizada. Ao mesmo tempo, identificaram-se indicadores que favorecem a construção de uma relação mais cooperativa durante as reuniões, correspondentes aos modos de gestão: forma compartilhada, conteúdo educacional e dinâmica coletiva. Os autores destacam a necessidade de registro e de avaliação coletiva das reuniões de pais, visando à articulação com o projeto pedagógico, o currículo e a dimensão didática Abstract in english The article discusses the relation between schools and families in the context of early childhood education through the analysis of parent teacher meetings. Case study of eleven meetings held in two public pre-schools of São Paulo city. The different ways of meeting management were analyzed accordin [...] g to three aspects: form (agenda of meeting), content (subject) and dynamics (relationship between teachers and parents). The results indicated ways of management that hindrance parents participation and affect the objective of the meeting: disorganized and rigid forms; bureaucratic content; fragmented and centralized dynamics. There were also identified indicators that favor the construction of a more cooperative relationship during the meetings: shared management; educational content and group dynamics. The authors outline the necessity of record the meetings and assess its connection with the pedagogical project, the curriculum and the didactic dimension

Garcia, Heloisa Helena Genovese de Oliveira; Macedo, Lino de.

154

Facilitating Intercultural Communication in Parent-Teacher Conferences: Lessons from Child Translators  

Science.gov (United States)

Maria was a fifth grade student when the authors met her in a study of immigrant child-language brokers. Her family immigrated from a farming community in Mexico to a Chicago suburb where there were limited bilingual resources. Maria's mother did not speak fluent English, and Maria's teachers did not speak Spanish, so Maria often served as a…

Garcia-Sanchez, Inmaculada M.; Orellana, Marjorie Faulstich; Hopkins, Megan

2011-01-01

155

A Basic Approach to Social Studies: An Overview for Teachers and Parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

A program based upon the study of human history and culture has been developed for seventh grade students by social studies teachers in Montgomery, Alabama public schools. The major objective of the program is to help students understand how basic relationships between time, space, and the cosmos have operated throughout the history of…

Ivey, Oliver T.; Hickson, Mark, III

156

REFLECTIONS ON THE FUNCTION OF REFERENCE LIBRARIAN IN THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION TRANSFER  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The assignment of the reference librarian of the university goes beyond its role as facilitator of information. Today he also works as an educator and promote training programs that teach students and researchers to standardize their academic-scientific works, as standards of the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (ABNT. This paper discusses the problem of standardization of academic and scientific work in the universities. The methodology consisted of the review of work Completion of Course Work (CCW. The task of reviewing the academic and scientific work, which would be easy at first, becomes complicated by the difficulty of working together with the teacher librarian and the lack of the teacher librarian is also an education professional standards and that the documentary exist to facilitate the transfer of scientific communication.

Cláudia Regina dos Anjos

2012-06-01

157

Efectiveness of a coordination program directed to parents and teachers, dealing with the Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity in children  

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Full Text Available The Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity is one of the most frequent disorders during childhood, and nowadays is one of the main reasons for the implication of different specialists.This is a quasi-experimental pretest/postest study aimed to determine the effectiveness of a program that coordinates the public health and education services with the families, lead by a nurse specialized in mental disorders and their treatments.The subjects under consideration are children between 6 and 12 with an Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity, complying with the criteria for inclusion established in the protocol. To collect the information required, we are using the questionnaire in diagnosis criteria from WHO (CIE-10 and the questionnaire for teachers and parents DSM IV (CIE-10 and the one of the WHO (CIE-10.

Margarita Aragón Puertas

2010-09-01

158

Developing Mathematical Talent: A Guide for Teachers and Parents of Gifted Students.  

Science.gov (United States)

This book is a guide to educating and nurturing children with mathematical talent. Chapter 1 presents and refutes 12 myths about mathematically talented students, especially the idea that it is best not to deviate from regular programming. The second chapter is a guide for parents in their efforts to advocate for their child in the regular school…

Assouline, Susan; Lupkowski-Shoplik, Ann

159

Creating a Charter School to Meet Students', Teachers', and Parents' Needs  

Science.gov (United States)

During the King Center Charter School's five years of existence, the school has evolved into a unique 21st century laboratory school, soliciting meaningful parental involvement to help close the achievement gap for the students. As indicated, students' academic achievement and social/ emotional competency have increased over the years. This…

Massey, Claity P.; Szente, Judit; Stewart, Carol A.

2005-01-01

160

Feasibility and Integrity of a Parent-Teacher Consultation Intervention for ADHD Students  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the feasibility and integrity of a daily report card (DRC) intervention in a small sample of randomly assigned elementary students with previously diagnosed ADHD and classroom impairment. In order to enhance implementation, a conjoint behavioral consultation approach was used in which parents were engaged as active participants…

Murray, Desiree W.; Rabiner, David; Schulte, Ann; Newitt, Kristy

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Discrepancies in Parent and Teacher Ratings of Social-Behavioral Functioning of Children with Chromosome 22q11.2 Deletion Syndrome: Implications for Assessment  

Science.gov (United States)

Children with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome exhibit high rates of social-behavioral problems, particularly in the internalizing domain, indicating an area in need of intervention. The current investigation was designed to obtain information regarding parent and teacher ratings of the social-emotional behavior of children with 22q11DS. Using the Child…

Shashi, Vandana; Wray, Emily; Schoch, Kelly; Curtiss, Kathleen; Hooper, Stephen R.

2013-01-01

162

Function of memory in librarians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The article deals with different types of memory (semantic, episodic and schematicused in a reference process by a librarian. Three types of memory are described in the same way as librarians organize information during a reference interview. Some examples are added.The second part of the article describes problems of information process encountered by students of 3rd an 4th year of librarianship during a week of their work in the library.Methodology and its characteristics, the results and their interpretation are presented.Answers of the students of 4th year indicated equal proportions of semantic and semantic-schematic type while the students of 3rd year demonstrated 72 % of semantic and 28 % of semantic-schematic type.

Simona Senica

1999-01-01

163

Librarians' Index to the Internet  

Science.gov (United States)

The well known Berkeley Public Library's Index to the Internet has migrated to the Berkeley Digital Library Sunsite (discussed in the February 9, 1996 Scout Report). It contains annotated searchable and browsable pointers in over 40 major subject categories from arts to law to women. Compiled by California librarians, it contains over 10,000 pointers at present. One of the best selective subject indexes to the Internet.

1997-01-01

164

K-12 Students, Teachers, Parents, Administrators and Higher Education Faculty: Partners Helping Rural Disadvantaged Students Stay on the Pathway to a Geoscience Career  

Science.gov (United States)

The National Science Foundation funded project K-12 Students, Teachers, Parents, Administrators and Higher Education Faculty: Partners Helping Rural Disadvantaged Students Stay on the Pathway to a Geoscience Career is a research-based proof of concept track 1 pilot project that tests the effectiveness of an innovative model for simultaneous K-12 teacher professional development, student learning and workforce development. The project builds a network of science experiences designed to keep eighth and ninth grade students from the Ripley, Union, Lewis, Huntington (RULH) Ohio school district on the path to a geoscience career. During each summer of the ongoing two-year project teams of RULH students, parents, teachers, administrators and college faculty traveled to the facilities of the New Jersey Sea Grant Consortium at Sandy Hook, New Jersey to study science from an Earth system perspective. Teachers had the opportunity to engage in professional development alongside their students. Parents participated in the science activities alongside their children. Administrators interacted with students, parents and their teachers and saw them all learning science in an engaging, collaborative setting. During the first academic year of the project professional development was provided to RULH teachers by a team of university scientists and geoscience educators from the Earth System Science Education Alliance (ESSEA), a National Science Foundation funded project. Teachers selected for professional development were from science disciplines, mathematics, language arts and civics. The teachers selected, taught and assessed ESSEA Earth system science modules to all eighth and ninth grade students, not just those that were selected to go on the summer trips to New Jersey. In addition, all ninth grade RULH students had the opportunity to take a course that includes Earth system science concepts that will earn them both high school and college science credits. Professional development will continue through the 2013-2014 academic year. Formative assessment of the ongoing project indicates that students, teachers, parents and school administrators rank their experiences highly and that students are motivated to continue on the path to geoscience careers.

Slattery, W.; Antonucci, C.; Myers, R. J.

2013-12-01

165

Parents' ages at birth and risk of adult-onset hematologic malignancies among female teachers in California.  

Science.gov (United States)

Although advanced parental age at one's birth has been associated with increased risk of breast and prostate cancers, few studies have examined its effect on adult-onset sporadic hematologic malignancies. The authors examined the association of parents' ages at women's births with risk of hematologic malignancies among 110,999 eligible women aged 22-84 years recruited into the prospective California Teachers Study. Between 1995 and 2007, 819 women without a family history of hematologic malignancies were diagnosed with incident lymphoma, leukemia (primarily acute myeloid leukemia), or multiple myeloma. Multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazards models provided estimates of relative risks and 95% confidence intervals. Paternal age was positively associated with non-Hodgkin lymphoma after adjustment for race and birth order (relative risk for age > or =40 vs. or =40 years) became null when paternal age was included in the statistical model. No association was observed for acute myeloid leukemia or multiple myeloma. Advanced paternal age may play a role in non-Hodgkin lymphoma etiology. Potential etiologic mechanisms include de novo gene mutations, aberrant paternal gene imprinting, or telomere/telomerase biology. PMID:20507900

Lu, Yani; Ma, Huiyan; Sullivan-Halley, Jane; Henderson, Katherine D; Chang, Ellen T; Clarke, Christina A; Neuhausen, Susan L; West, Dee W; Bernstein, Leslie; Wang, Sophia S

2010-06-15

166

Clinician-rated mental health in outpatient child and adolescent mental health services: associations with parent, teacher and adolescent ratings  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinician-rated measures are used extensively in child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS. The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Children and Adolescents (HoNOSCA is a short clinician-rated measure developed for ordinary clinical practice, with increasing use internationally. Several studies have investigated its psychometric properties, but there are few data on its correspondence with other methods, rated by other informants. We compared the HoNOSCA with the well-established Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA questionnaires: the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL, the Teacher's Report Form (TRF, and the Youth Self-Report (YSR. Methods Data on 153 patients aged 6-17 years at seven outpatient CAMHS clinics in Norway were analysed. Clinicians completed the HoNOSCA, whereas parents, teachers, and adolescents filled in the ASEBA forms. HoNOSCA total score and nine of its scales were compared with similar ASEBA scales. With a multiple regression model, we investigated how the ASEBA ratings predicted the clinician-rated HoNOSCA and whether the different informants' scores made any unique contribution to the prediction of the HoNOSCA scales. Results We found moderate correlations between the total problems rated by the clinicians (HoNOSCA and by the other informants (ASEBA and good correspondence between eight of the nine HoNOSCA scales and the similar ASEBA scales. The exception was HoNOSCA scale 8 psychosomatic symptoms compared with the ASEBA somatic problems scale. In the regression analyses, the CBCL and TRF total problems scores together explained 27% of the variance in the HoNOSCA total scores (23% for the age group 11-17 years, also including the YSR. The CBCL provided unique information for the prediction of the HoNOSCA total score, HoNOSCA scale 1 aggressive behaviour, HoNOSCA scale 2 overactivity or attention problems, HoNOSCA scale 9 emotional symptoms, and HoNOSCA scale 10 peer problems; the TRF for all these except HoNOSCA scale 9 emotional symptoms; and the YSR for HoNOSCA scale 9 emotional symptoms only. Conclusion This study supports the concurrent validity of the HoNOSCA. It also demonstrates that parents, teachers and adolescents all contribute unique information in relation to the clinician-rated HoNOSCA, indicating that the HoNOSCA ratings reflect unique perspectives from multiple informants.

Kvernmo Siv

2010-11-01

167

Implementing the Critical Friend Method for Peer Feedback among Teaching Librarians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – The role of the academic librarian has become increasingly educative innature. In this study, the critical friend method was introduced among teachinglibrarians in an academic setting of medicine and health sciences to ascertainwhether this approach could be implemented for feedback on teaching of theselibrarians as part of their professional development.Methods – We used a single intrinsic case study. Seven teaching librarians and one educator from the faculty of medicine participated, and they all provided and received feedback. These eight teachers worked in pairs, and each of them gave at least one lecture or seminar during the study period. The performance of one teacher and the associated classroom activities were observed by the critical friend and then evaluated and discussed. The outcome and effects of critical friendship were assessed by use of a questionnaire.Results – The present results suggest that use of the critical friend method among teaching academic librarians can have a positive impact by achieving the following: strengthening shared values concerning teaching issues; promoting self-reflection, which can improve teaching; facilitating communication with colleagues; and reducing the sense of “loneliness” in teaching. This conclusion is also supported by the findings of previous studies.Conclusion – The critical friend method described in this study can easily be implemented and developed among teaching librarians, provided that there is support from the organization. This will benefit the individual teaching librarian, as well as the organization at large.

Yvonne Hultman Özek

2012-12-01

168

The Scholarship of Canadian Research University Librarians  

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Full Text Available This paper reports the results of a national survey of Canadian research university librarians conducted by the author in 2006. The study deals with the motivation of librarians to engage in scholarly activities, the requirement for scholarship by librarians at Canadian research universities, the perceived importance of scholarship as a criterion for promotion and tenure, levels and forms of participation in scholarship, and librarians’ assessment of various types of support for scholarship. The study concluded that 13% of the sample population could be considered active scholars, and suggests that there may be a correlation between level of scholarly intensity and gender. The paper concludes with questions for further study.

David Fox

2007-09-01

169

Assessing Vocational Development in Prospective School Librarians. A Review of: Jones, S. (2010. The occupational choice of school librarians. Library Trends, 59(1-2, 166-187.  

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Full Text Available Objective – To explore the motivations for choosing school librarianship as a career.Design – Narrative research, qualitative interviews.Setting – The School Media program specialization in a Master of Library Science program at a large research university.Subjects – Five graduate school students seeking initial certification as school library media specialists.Methods – The researcher employed narrative research, based on career construction theory and the Life Story Interview, (McAdams, 1995. This methodology is a set of loosely-structured, open-ended questions designed to encourage detailed, in-depth responses from the participant teller, combined with a more structured Career Style Interview (Savickas, 2005 designed to elicit self-defining stories.Data was collected through qualitative interviews, using personal narrative interviews that focused on the entire life of each person from birth to present (Life Story Interviews and additional questions in an interview format (Career Style Interview.Data was collected and analyzed in two stages. The analysis first examined participants as individuals then tried to identify commonalities among the stories. Each life story was examined to determine a career style on the basis of vocational personality, career adaptability and life theme. The interview data was then analyzed for thematic connections and occupational choice. Main Results – The final analysis identified the following themes as relevant to the study, and to the career choices of graduate students planning to be school librarians: parental expectations; career changers; librarian mentors; prior library work experiences; reading; library experiences; altruism-service; desire to work with children; financial stability and security; flexibility of work schedule; emotional distance; and vocational personality.In general, the participants appear to value safe, traditional career choices that allow them to put family first and maintain a flexible work schedule, while also providing financial stability and security. Those who are already teachers noted interest in a job that provides relief and emotional distance from the everyday social problems of students. All five noted the “love of reading” as a motivation for choosing this career path.The vocational personality of each subject was determined through interpreting their answers on the Career Interest Surveys, using Holland Occupational Theme RIASEC codes: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. The vocational personality of all five students did not match the predominant code for school librarians. None exhibited a resemblance to the “enterprising” type, the most prominent personality for successful school librarians. All five did exhibit “artistic” vocational personality, and the researcher notes that this may be an explanation for the choice of librarianship as a second career, as artistic types take longer to find a compatible career match. The researcher also notes that the final code is a “best estimate” for each subject. Conclusion – Examining the vocational development of the five graduate students through vocational personality, career adaption and life theme afforded a broader viewpoint than traditional survey studies. The determining of vocational personality type may be helpful to recruitment efforts to the profession, and help make the career choice more visible.

Gayle Bogel

2011-01-01

170

Student/Parent Conferences: A New Generation.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses an approach to parent-teacher conferences that involves fifth graders as equal partners with their parents and teacher. Students update their portfolios for the student-parent-teacher conferences, ask and answer questions about their achievements, and discuss their work with their parents. Parents are expected to answer questions about…

Kasse, Stacy

1994-01-01

171

Did Parents and Teachers Struggle with Child Survivors 20 Months after the 2011 Earthquake and Tsunami in Japan? A Retrospective Observational Study  

Science.gov (United States)

Background On March 11, 2011, Japan was struck by the earthquake and tsunami. Twenty months after the disaster, we collected information on the difficulties faced by parents and teachers in dealing with the post-traumatic symptoms of child survivors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between post-traumatic symptoms in children and parents’ and teachers’ difficulties in dealing with children who survived the huge disaster. Methods The subjects included 12,524 children from elementary, middle, and junior high schools in Ishinomaki City. The Post Traumatic Stress Symptoms for Children 15 items (PTSSC-15), a self-rating questionnaire on post-traumatic symptoms, was distributed among the children, and Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), a self-rating questionnaire on difficulties in dealing with children, was given to their parents and teachers. With PTSSC-15, a valid response was obtained from 10,909 (89.5%) participants. With SDQ for teachers and parents, valid responses were obtained from 10,577 (86.7%) and 7052 (83.9%) participants, respectively. Results PTSSC-15 scores were significantly higher (P<0.001) in girls than in boys from the junior high school. These effect sizes were less than 0.30. Correlations of teachers’ SDQ scores and PTSSC-15 scores were significantly low (r<0.21, P<0.001) for both genders and all children. Likewise, correlations between SDQ scores assigned by parents (excluding “prosocial behavior”) and PTSSC-15 scores were significantly low (r<0.21, P<0.001) for both genders and at all school levels. Conclusion This study elucidated that the difficulties faced by parents and teachers while dealing with child survivors significantly low correlate with the child’s post-traumatic symptoms caused by the 2011 earthquake and tsunami. Thus, it is important that clinicians should not only evaluate post-traumatic symptoms with a self-rating questionnaire but also try to objectively evaluate whether there were day-to-day difficulties caused by the post-traumatic symptoms.

Usami, Masahide; Iwadare, Yoshitaka; Kodaira, Masaki; Watanabe, Kyota; Ushijima, Hirokage; Tanaka, Tetsuya; Harada, Maiko; Tanaka, Hiromi; Sasaki, Yoshinori; Saito, Kazuhiko

2014-01-01

172

Librarian's guide to online searching  

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This is the third edition of one of the breakthrough books in the field of library and information science. No other text before it, or since, has provided such relevant, timely, and practical techniques for online research.Librarian's Guide to Online Searching, Third Edition explores the fundamentals of online searching, including database structure, searching tips, and plenty of exercises and questions for practice. This guide includes representative databases covering social sciences, science and medicine, bibliographic, humanities, and numerical data. The revised and updated edition of thi

Bell, Suzanne S

2012-01-01

173

Significance of librarian’s self-concept in the communication process  

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Full Text Available The article deals with the significance of the librarian’s self-concept in the communication process. First, it underlines the meaning of reference interviews, and second, it focuses on other micro and macro aspects of communication. The analysis shows that the librarian’s self-concept is hierarchically organised, structured, and therefore it consists of different areas. Each area equally contributes to the development and preservation of the appropriate librarian’s self-concept; although some areas have more direct influence than others. To attain a high self-concept, it is of fundamental importance, that the librarian develops all self-concept areas, from individual ones to social ones. It was found that a structured and positive specialist’s self-concept is highly significant for the contribution of effective reference interviews, and finally, the article offers some directions for a successful development of the communication process.

Darja Kobal-Grum

2004-01-01

174

Perception of body size among Mexican teachers and parents Percepción del tamaño corporal en profesores y padres mexicanos  

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Full Text Available Obesity in Mexico has reached epidemic proportions; and body image and body satisfaction might be culturally related. Body dissatisfaction has been related to low self-esteem. The aim of this study was to assess the range of perception among Mexican teachers and parents of the ideal body size of adults, boys and girls. Two-hundred and five teachers and eighty parents from Tijuana and Tecate schools participated in the study. Participants were asked to indicate the ideal body size for each group, as well as their own ideal body size. Average perception of ideal body weight for adults 35 to 45 years of age was 4.0 ± 0.84. Average perception for boys and girls was 4.6. Positive correlations were shown between self-perception of body size and body mass index (0.62, P La obesidad en México ha alcanzado proporciones epidérmicas: la imagen corporal y la satisfacción con el cuerpo de uno mismo podrían tener un componente cultural. La insatisfacción con el cuerpo de uno mismo se ha relacionado con auto-estima baja. El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar, entre los profesores y padres mexicanos, el rango de percepción del tamaño corporal ideal de adultos, niños y niñas. Doscientos cinco profesores y ochenta padres de colegios de Tijuana y Tecate participaron en el estudio. Se pidió a los participantes que indicasen el tamaño corporal ideal para cada grupo, así como su propio tamaño corporal ideal. La percepción promedio del peso corporal ideal para adultos de entre 35 y 45 años de edad fue 4,0 ± 0,84. La percepción ideal para niños y niñas fue 4,6. Se observaron correlaciones positivas entre la auto-percepción del tamaño corporal y el índice de masa corporal (0,62, P < 0,001, y la circunferencia de la cintura (0,55, P < 0,001. La auto-percepción del tamaño corporal se asoció con la percepción del tamaño corporal ideal para los niños (0,23, P < 0,001 y las niñas (0,22, P < 0,001, pero el IMC no se asoció con la percepción del tamaño corporal ideal en niños y niñas. Esto sugiere que se debería enseñar a los profesores y padres a evaluar de una forma más precisa el estado de peso e iniciar una acción preventiva o corregir el exceso de peso en niños y adultos.

A. Jiménez-Cruz

2007-10-01

175

Open Access for Librarians in Developing Countries  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The basics of open access are presented, as a starting point for discussion by librarians in developing countries. Open access is defined; resources for searching are presented, and resources for creating open access archives and publications. Policy development needed for open access is explained, along with what librarians in developing countries can do to promote open access.

Morrison, Heather

2006-01-01

176

Librarians in an Age of Technology.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses the impact of new technologies on library operations and management, and the need for librarians to understand how to manage technology and utilize it to improve library services. The areas which library education should address to prepare librarians to deal effectively with new technologies are outlined. (CLB)

Malinconico, S. Michael

1989-01-01

177

Faculty Perceptions of Librarians: A Survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

In the fall semester of 1981, librarians at the Sims Memorial Library of Southeastern Louisiana University (SLU) surveyed the faculty of the university to ascertain their perceptions of the status and professional contributions of librarians. Of the 264 questionnaires sent out to faculty at the four major colleges (Business, Education, Humanities,…

Budd, John; Coutant, Patricia

178

The Scholarship of Canadian Research University Librarians  

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Full Text Available This paper reports the results of a national survey of Canadian research university librarians conducted by the author in 2006. The study deals with the motivation of librarians to engage in scholarly activities, the requirement for scholarship by librarians at Canadian research universities, the perceived importance of scholarship as a criterion for promotion and tenure, levels and forms of participation in scholarship, and librarians’ assessment of various types of support for scholarship. The study concluded that 13% of the sample population could be considered active scholars, and suggests that there may be a correlation between level of scholarly intensity and gender. Keywords: scholarship, scholarly activity, research, Canadian research university librarians, Canadian Association of Research Libraries, CARL

David Fox

2007-12-01

179

Schools as institutions for peace in Northern Ireland: pupils’, parents’ and teachers’ perspectives on the community relations dimension  

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Full Text Available Abstract: The aim of the research reported in this paper is to inform the processes of school improvement for better intercommunal relations in Northern Ireland. Notwithstanding the present peace process, the quality of community relations remains a crucial concern for those interested in long-term stability. The research strategy drew on data from nine case study schools and was considered to be part of an interpretist-constructivist paradigm involving an inductive or grounded theory approach to analysis. The views of pupils, parents and teachers on the contribution of schooling towards improved inter-group relationships were explored in some depth and the wealth of rich data shed light on school practices and key institutional factors implicated in effectiveness and improvement. Nineteen themes were identified which appeared not to be discrete or self-contained but interact in complex ways creating different patterns at different organisational sites. Furthermore, the patterns spun by these factors appeared to vary in nature through relationship with identities such as geographical location, socio-economic status, ethnicity and gender. It is argued that this study contributes towards the existing literatures on school effectiveness and improvement and schooling and sectarianism in Northern Ireland. The results suggested that education for community relations in N. Ireland required an alternative concept of school effectiveness to the received model. The emerging organisational picture was more consistent with sensitivity to context models of effectiveness and improvement. The analysis in the final section was designed to offer some broad pointers for school improvement.

Ron Smith

2006-04-01

180

Parental support, self-concept, motivational orientaions and teacher-student relationship, and academic competnece: an exploratory analysis  

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Full Text Available This study examined the relationship among academic competence, Grade Point Averages (GPAs and factors responsible for students’ academic competence. A four factored questionnaire administered to a nationally representative sample of 100 graduate and post-graduate students to find out the factors responsible for academic competence. In addition, The Academic Competence Evaluation Scale (ACES-College applied for calculating the academic competence. Significant and positive correlations are found between factors affecting academic competence, GPAs and academic competence. Students’ scores on the ACES and their GPAs provided significant evidence to support the idea that the factors such as parental support, clearer self-concept, positive teacher-student relationship and strong motivational orientations are correlated with their GPAs at low magnitude and; academic competence with high ratings. It is concluded that students with stronger presence of these factors have better academic competence than their peers at graduate and post-graduate level. An integrated framework that is related to students’ academic competence and that promotes other related factors is suggested.

Muhammad Tariq Bhatti

2011-12-01

 
 
 
 
181

O ponto de vista de pais e professores a respeito das interações linguísticas de crianças surdas / Parents' and teachers' points of view about deaf children's linguistic interactions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Diversos estudos atuais têm revelado que a surdez deve ser reconhecida como diferença, especialmente no que diz respeito aos aspectos linguístico-discursivos. Contudo, crianças surdas vêm enfrentando, na família e na escola, barreiras linguísticas com implicações nas suas possibilidades de inclusão [...] social. Nessa direção, o presente trabalho objetiva analisar o ponto de vista de pais e professores a respeito das interações linguísticas de crianças surdas no âmbito familiar e escolar, considerando o contexto da inclusão. Foram entrevistados doze familiares (quatro pais e oito mães) de crianças surdas que frequentam o ensino regular e foi aplicado um questionário junto a doze professores dessas mesmas crianças. Os resultados apontam que nem os familiares nem os professores usam a língua de sinais para interagir com os surdos, gerando interações linguísticas restritas e pouco efetivas. Além disso, percebeu-se que familiares e professores apresentam um desconhecimento acerca da surdez, da língua de sinais e das consequências da surdez para o surdo. Abstract in english Several studies argue that deafness should be currently considered as a difference, specifically regarding linguistic discursive aspects. Nevertheless, at home and at school deaf children have to face linguistic barriers that affect their social inclusion. This study aims to analyze points of view o [...] f parents and teachers related to the deaf child's linguistic interactions at home and at school, considering the context of inclusion. Twelve parents (four fathers and eight mothers) of deaf children enrolled in regular schools were interviewed and a questionnaire was applied to these children's twelve teachers. The results show that neither parents nor teachers use sign language to interact with these children and that there linguistic interactions were restricted and not very effective. Furthermore, the answers by parents and teachers demonstrate a lack of understanding about deafness, sign language and its consequences upon the deaf individual.

Simone, Schemberg; Ana Cristina, Guarinello; Giselle, Massi.

182

Shut up! :social inclusion of children with intellectual disabilities in Ghana :an empirical study of how parents and teachers experience socialinclusion [i.e. social inclusion] of children with intellectual disabilities  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study is to understand social inclusion for children with intellectual disabilities from the perspectives of parents and teachers. The specific context is to understand the inclusion of these children through meaningful participation in social activities. In-depth interviews were held with six biological parents of children with intellectual disabilities and six teachers who teach children with intellectual disabilities to explore their experiences on contexts that enhance or ...

Hervie, Vyda Mamley

2013-01-01

183

Balancing the books accounting for librarians  

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Balancing the Books: Accounting for Librarians fills the gap that exists in literature on library acquisitions accounting. By covering essential accounting concepts, budgeting, government regulations that pertain to libraries, as well as accounting measur

Kirk, Rachel A

2012-01-01

184

The medical librarian as chief information officer.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The position of chief information officer (CIO) is gaining popularity, especially in the health care field. The results of an informal electronic and telephone survey indicate that few medical librarians have made a career move to CIO even though this might seem like a logical step. This paper examines the qualities required of an effective information management executive, the role CIOs play within organizations, and the career advancement strategies for librarians interested in becoming CIO...

1998-01-01

185

PACT: Parents and Children Together. Program Manual.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Parent and Children Together (PACT) project, developed by the Arkansas Valley and High Plain Regional Library Services in Colorado, is aimed at promoting lifelong interest in reading among today's children. PACT services include: (1) sponsoring workshops that will train librarians and volunteers to plan and present parents' programs; (2)…

Whitney, Loralyn; Hager, Elizabeth A.

186

Lesson Plans for the Busy Librarian: A Standards Based Approach for the Elementary Library Media Center, Volume 2  

Science.gov (United States)

The author designed this book, like Volume I of the set, to give elementary school librarians a quick, enjoyable way to coordinate with teachers to teach information literacy and literacy skills aligned with national standards. The chapters in the book include: (1) Kindergarten Lesson Plans; (2) First-Grade Lesson Plans; (3) Second-Grade Lesson…

Keeling, Joyce

2005-01-01

187

Book Review: Teens, librarians, and social networking: What librarians need to know?  

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Full Text Available This book is a collection of wide-ranging, informative and provocative chapters discussing the use of social networks to serve teens, both online and in the library. Comprehensive surveys on this topic are being discussed in this series. The application of social networks is a new era for library services to young adults. Social networking tools are the doorway into their worlds, and the library can use these tools to become a wide-open portal for greater educational opportunities. The aim of this book is to support the belief that teens should be served by libraries in the best ways possible, and social networks may be useful tools to deliver these services to teens. The editors and contributors explain the reasons why so many teens use social networking tools and offer suggestions as to how best to use them to serve teens. They also examine issues of critical concerns to librarians and parents, such as safety and privacy issues, and study the social and educational benefits of online social networking. The book is organized into 12 chapters with a series forward and introduction, a comprehensive table of contents, references, a list of useful websites at the end of each chapter, an index and finally a section on the editors and contributors.

Elaheh Hossseini

2012-12-01

188

"Librarian's Anxiety"? How Community College Librarians Feel about Their Reference Desk Service  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of community college librarians in California reveals that the nature of reference service required of them, limitations on budget, staffing, technical support, resources, decision-making ability, and professional development opportunities, affect their professional attitudes. Librarians see reference service as primarily a teaching role.…

Powers, Anne

2010-01-01

189

The Sufficiently Embedded Librarian: Defining and Establishing Productive Librarian-Faculty Partnerships in Academic Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

How does an academic librarian become embedded in a department or college that is reluctant to accept reference, research or instruction services from the library? In such cases, the would-be embedded librarian may have to settle for "partial" embedding, offering some services where possible and tactfully abstaining from offering others that were…

Olivares, Olivia

2010-01-01

190

Scanning, tailoring and promoting information literacy support – another string to the liaison librarian’s bow  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A shift in tertiary education is acknowledged and this article discusses the implications for librarians engaged in information literacy support. The article demonstrates why liaison librarians need to scan and tailor new varieties of information skills support to match the changes in education.

Boyle, Susan

2009-01-01

191

Nivel de Conocimiento sobre Pasta Dental Fluorada en Padres y Profesores de Preescolares / Level of Knowledge about Fluoride Toothpaste in Parents and Teachers from Preschool Children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish : El objetivo del estudio fue determinar el nivel de conocimiento sobre pasta dental fluorada según la fuente de información sobre flúor en padres y profesores de preescolares. Se aplicó un cuestionario a una muestra representativa de padres y a todos los profesores de preescolares de instituciones [...] educativas iniciales estatales del distrito de la Molina, Lima, Perú. El nivel de conocimiento se categorizó en tres niveles: bajo (0-2 puntos), medio (3-5 puntos) y alto (67 puntos). Se utilizó tablas de distribución de frecuencias para el análisis univariado y las pruebas chi cuadrado y exacta de Fisher para el análisis bivariado. El nivel de conocimiento sobre pasta dental fluorada más frecuente fue el nivel medio tanto en los padres (n=68, 45 %) como en los profesores (n=52, 58,4 %). El ítem: el cepillado de dientes con pasta dental con flúor puede curar la caries inicial, presentó el menor número de aciertos en su respuesta con 50 (33,1 %) y 19 (21,4 %) padres y profesores respectivamente. Cuando se relacionó el nivel de conocimiento con las fuentes de información sobre flúor se encontró que en el caso de los padres, la charla educativa (p=0,014) y el dentista (p=0,003) estaban asociados, mientras que en el caso de los profesores, solo se halló asociación estadísticamente significativa con la charla educativa (p=0,013). El nivel predominante de conocimientos sobre pasta fluorada en los padres y profesores fue el nivel medio y estuvo asociada al dentista y la charla educativa como fuentes principales de información. Abstract in english The study aimed to determine the level of knowledge about fluoride toothpaste based on the fluoride source for parents and teachers from preschool children. A questionnaire was applied in a representative sample of parents and all teachers working at preschool educational state institutions in the M [...] olina district, Lima, Perú. The level of knowledge was classified into three levels: low (0-2 points), medium (3-5 points) and high (6-7 points). We used frequency distribution tables for the univariate analisys, the chi square test and Fisher exact test for the bivariate analisys. The most frequent level of knowledge about fluoride toothpaste was medium level in both, parents (n = 68, 45%) and teachers (n = 52, 58.4%). The item: brushing teeth with fluoride toothpaste can cure the initial decay, obtained (had) the lowest number of correct response 50 (33.1%) and 19 (21.4%) parents and teachers respectively. It was found that the level of knowledge related to sources of information about fluoride is in the case of parents, educational talk (p = 0.014) and the dentist (p = 0.003) were associated, whereas in the case of teachers, only statistically significant association was found with the educational talk (p = 0.013). The higher level of knowledge about fluoride toothpaste on parents and teachers was the middle level and was associated with the dentist and educational talk as major sources of information.

Manuel Antonio, Mattos-Vela; Milagros Bertha, Carrasco-Loyola; Suelen Giuliana, Valdivia-Pacheco.

192

Crianças com e sem síndrome de Down: valores e crenças de pais e professores Children with and without Down syndrome: parental and teacher values and beliefs  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Os valores e as crenças de pais e professores permeiam as práticas de cuidados e socialização das crianças e se expressam nas atividades rotineiras em que elas se engajam com seus diversos cuidadores. Este estudo descreve os valores e as crenças de 10 famílias e 10 professoras a respeito dos seguintes aspectos do desenvolvimento de crianças com e sem síndrome de Down: desenvolvimento motor, escolarização, profissionalização, relações íntimas e expectativas quanto ao futuro. As famílias eram compostas por pai, mãe e filhos, sendo que, em cinco delas, havia uma criança com síndrome de Down e, nas outras cinco, todas as crianças tinham desenvolvimento típico. Os dados foram coletados na residência das famílias, tendo sido realizadas entrevistas semi-estruturadas com os genitores e aplicado um questionário de caracterização do sistema familiar. Já as professoras foram entrevistadas no próprio local de trabalho. Os resultados mostraram diferenças nos valores e crenças relatados pelos genitores de crianças com e sem síndrome de Down, especialmente no que se refere ao desenvolvimento motor do filho. As professoras relataram mudanças no desempenho acadêmico das crianças, bem como em seus relacionamentos sociais. Enquanto as professoras do ensino especial esperam progressos nos resultados acadêmicos, em longo prazo, as professoras do ensino regular esperam resultados mais imediatos de suas crianças com desenvolvimento típico. Os dados indicam algumas similaridades entre as crenças de pais e professoras, as quais acreditam que o apoio e o envolvimento da família podem propiciar à criança com síndrome de Down os avanços necessários ao seu desenvolvimento.Parental and teacher values and beliefs permeate the care and socialization practices of children and are expressed in the daily activities that children engage in with their various caretakers. This study describes the values and beliefs of 10 families and 10 teachers in relation to some aspects of the development of children with and without Down syndrome, such as motor development, academic performance, preparation for work, social and intimate relationships and expectation for the future. The families were composed of both parents and their offspring; five families had one child with Down syndrome and the other five had all children with typical development. The data were collected in the families' homes and the parents participated in semi-structured interviews and answered a questionnaire about the characterization of the family system. The teachers were interviewed in their workplace. The results showed some differences in the values and beliefs reported by the parents of children with and without Down syndrome, particularly in relation to the child's motor development. The teachers reported changes in the children's academic performance as well as in their social relationships. While the teachers of children with special educational needs expect long-term academic performance advances from the children with Down syndrome, the teachers of children with typical development expect more immediate advances from them. The results indicate some similarities between the parents' and the teachers' beliefs; both groups understand that family support and involvement is crucial to the development of the children with Down syndrome.

Nara Liana Pereira-Silva

2007-12-01

193

Pre-service Teachers’ Comparative Analyses of Teacher-/Parent- Child Talk: Making Literacy Teaching Explicit and Children’s Literacy Learning Visible  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper reports on the results of a meta-analysis of first year pre-service teachers’ investigations of two transcripts of teacher/student talk. The first is set in the home environment and the second in the classroom. Working with specific tools of analysis and knowledge of the role of talk in literate, cultural and social practices they identified evidence of effective literacy pedagogy. They presented their findings in the genre of a written comparative analysis. The results showed th...

Neill, Shirley O.; Deborah Geoghegan

2012-01-01

194

The Perceived Significance of the Supervisor, the Assistant, and Parents for Career Development of Beginning Kindergarten Teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

Whereas much research attention has been given to the induction stage of beginning schoolteachers worldwide, there is a limited knowledge base on the experiences of new kindergarten teachers at this stage, despite the different work tasks and contexts of both groups of teachers. Based on semi-structured interviews with 15 Israeli kindergarten…

Oplatka, Izhar; Eizenberg, Mervar

2007-01-01

195

XML for catalogers and metadata librarians  

CERN Document Server

How are today's librarians to manage and describe the everexpanding volumes of resources, in both digital and print formats? The use of XML in cataloging and metadata workflows can improve metadata quality, the consistency of cataloging workflows, and adherence to standards. This book is intended to enable current and future catalogers and metadata librarians to progress beyond a bare surfacelevel acquaintance with XML, thereby enabling them to integrate XML technologies more fully into their cataloging workflows. Building on the wealth of work on library descriptive practices, cataloging, and metadata, XML for Catalogers and Metadata Librarians explores the use of XML to serialize, process, share, and manage library catalog and metadata records. The authors' expert treatment of the topic is written to be accessible to those with little or no prior practical knowledge of or experience with how XML is used. Readers will gain an educated appreciation of the nuances of XML and grasp the benefit of more advanced ...

Cole, Timothy W

2013-01-01

196

Librarian-educator training model in the learning society  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The dissertation is aimed at theoretical substantiation and framing of the conceptual model of librarian-educator’s training within the university study programme designed for the training of professional librarians. Pursuing the above-stated objective the need for librarians-educators in the learning society has been analysed and the concept, role and set of competences necessary for the development of information literacy have been defined; current situation in librarian-educator’s ...

Grigas, Vincas

2013-01-01

197

Life skills need assessment in female high school students in Jahrom from the viewpoints of students, parents and teachers (2009-10  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction:To have a successful life, functional life skills are essential. However, in educational systems, there is not enough time for the realization of all the needs. One of the most fundamental goals of needs assessment activities is to identify the needs and goals and their importance for practical applications. The main purpose of this study was to determine the priorities of life skills for high school girls in the third grade, to design more desirable educational programs for them.Methods:In a descriptive study on the third grade students, teachers, advisors and parents, 200 subjects were selected through cluster sampling. The research instrument included three valid and reliable questionnaires in which there were 10 questions on the priorities of life skills.Results:Overall, life skill priorities from the viewpoint of all the subjects include self-awareness, decision making, effective communication, creative thinking, empathy, interpersonal relationship, coping with stress, problem solving, critical thinking, and coping with emotions. Of the 120 high school female students 7.56%, had not undergone any education on life skills.Conclusion:The priorities of life skills from the viewpoint of the three groups of third grade students, parents and teachers were different. More than half of the students (7.56% had no education on the skills. Self- awareness, effective communication with others and decision making were identified as the first three priorities.

Mahnaz Solhi

2010-11-01

198

A Qualitative Study of Librarian’s Negative Emotions in Taiwan  

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Full Text Available Literature in emotional management has considered that emotions of employees may have important organizational implications. In librarianship, emotions also play an important role in affecting librarians’ attitude to patrons and in turn his/her job performance. Yet the exploration of emotion has not been much studied in Taiwan’s librarianship. Hence, the purpose of this study is trying to explore librarians’ perception and causes of negative emotions in the library settings in Taiwan. The result indicates that librarians in Taiwan experience significant levels of negative emotions, and interpersonal relationship appears as one of the most important causes.[Article content in Chinese

Su-May Sheih Chen

2003-09-01

199

The Role of Librarians in Academic Success  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Librarians address all levels of information needs for the university: its acquisition, its production, its storage, and instruction for its safe and gainful use. Most of today's college students have a high degree of computer literacy but are weak in their abilities to determine the quality of the information that is so readily available. Students need to be taught to find, evaluate, and use information in an academically-oriented manner in order to solve complex problems. Good library skills are integral to academic success. In conjunction with research and teaching faculty, librarians create a framework for knowledge acquisition in the evolving university education.

Claudia J. Dold

2013-04-01

200

From Buns to Batgirl: The Changing Image of the Librarian  

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The image of the librarian has changed much since the first librarian's positions at Ivy League schools in the mid- to late-17th Century. The purpose of this paper is to explore the history and origins of male and female stereotypes of librarians as well as generational stereotypes. Stereotypes in the literature of the field were explored and…

Limerick, Sheila Blackmon

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Because Wisdom Can't Be Told: Using Comparison of Simulated Parent-Teacher Conferences to Assess Teacher Candidates' Readiness for Family-School Partnership  

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This study used text-related, video-based case materials to assess teacher candidates' readiness to communicate with families. Participants (N = 141) rated their efficacy for home-school communication and then responded to a description of a classroom-based challenge regarding one student's behavioral and academic performance. Next, they evaluated…

Walker, Joan M. T.; Dotger, Benjamin H.

2012-01-01

202

Copyright Solutions for Institutional Repositories: A Collaboration With Subject Librarians  

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Full Text Available This work investigates using subject librarians to conduct copyright clearance in an institutional repository (IR. At Utah State University, the library assures copyright clearance for faculty scholarship, thereby garnering input of faculty scholarship into the IR. Currently, subject librarians are not widely participating in routine IR work; however, the involvement of subject librarians with the IR offers benefits to the subject librarians and the institution as a whole. This article provides a model for institutions needing new solutions for copyright clearance using subject librarians and discusses the rationale, benefits and challenges of adopting this model.

Heather Leary

2012-01-01

203

Marketing mix for librarians and information professionals  

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Full Text Available This paper covers the explanation of marketing mix for librarians and information professionals and the nature of the elements of the marketing mix. It discusses the traditional issues arising from the marketing mix and issues which are more appropriate for libraries and information services.

Mimutie Moikan Mollel

2013-09-01

204

Librarians as Community Partners: An Outreach Handbook  

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Including 66 focused snapshots of outreach in action, this resource reflects the creative solutions of librarians searching for new and innovative ways to build programs that meet customer needs while expanding the library's scope into the community. This contributed volume includes: (1) A huge array of program options for partnering with other…

Smallwood, Carol, Ed.

2010-01-01

205

Manual for Librarians in Small Hospitals.  

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Discussed in this manual for the inexperienced librarian in a small hospital library are: organization and administration; book selection and ordering; cataloging and catalog cards; classification; labeling of books; selecting and processing journals; interlibrary loans; reference services; and circulation. A suggested basic starter collection of…

Colaianni, Lois Ann; Mirsky, Phyllis S.

206

Microform Readers--The Librarians Dilemma.  

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Because of the dilemma faced by librarians in the selection of suitable microform reading equipment for the 35 mm format, this paper is designed to analyze the problem of reader and micro-image incompatability, to provide a key for readily determining inc...

G. F. Tate

1972-01-01

207

Distance Learning Librarians: Their Shared Vision  

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Shared vision is a component of leadership that fosters innovation through buy-in at all levels of the organization. At times, people see a need for innovation but do not have the power to make changes on their own. Many librarians in academic institutions that were early adopters of distance learning envisioned a need for new services that were…

Casey, Anne Marie

2009-01-01

208

The Disembodied Librarian in the Digital Age.  

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Explains four historical discontinuities: time and space; mind and body; real and virtual; and humans and technology. Considers how an awareness of them can assist librarians in creating virtual space for libraries, adapting to changing roles, and developing new value-added services. (Contains 126 references.) (Author/LRW)

Martell, Charles

2000-01-01

209

Strengthening the Foundations for Teacher-Librarianship.  

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This essay on means by which the profession of teacher-librarianship might be strengthened, and even enhanced, highlights the mission statement and resource center programs, role of the teacher-librarian, cooperative program planning and teaching, research and study skill development, education for school librarianship, and program advocacy. (EJS)

Haycock, Ken

1985-01-01

210

Padres, profesores y pares: contribuciones para la autoestima y coping en los adolescentes / Parents, teachers and peers: contributions to self-esteem and coping in adolescents  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En consonancia con la teoría del apego, la calidad de la relación con figuras significativas juegan un papel clave en el desarrollo psicosocial, contribuyendo, entre otras cosas, para el desarrollo de la autoestima y estrategias de coping. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la contribución di [...] ferencial de variables relacionales (incluidas las relaciones con los padres, pares y profesores) en la predicción de la autoestima y coping en una muestra de 216 adolescentes, entre 14 y 16 años y de ambos sexos. El apego a los padres, las relaciones con los pares y con profesores revelaron diferentes configuraciones de las variables en la explicación de la autoestima y coping. La autoestima es positivamente predicha por la calidad de lazo emocional y negativamente por la inhibición de la exploración y la individualidad en la vinculación a los padres. El coping activo es positivamente predicho por la autoestima y la relación a los pares. Se observó un efecto positivo e indirecto de la calidad del lazo emocional en el coping activo a través de la autoestima y la relación a los pares. La relación con los pares parece ser mejorada por la calidad de la relación con los profesores. Los resultados serán discutidos en función de la teoría del apego y de acuerdo con una perspectiva ecológica del desarrollo. Abstract in english Consistent with attachment theory, the quality of relationships with significant figures plays a vital role in psychosocial development, contributing, among other aspects, to the development of coping and self-esteem. The purpose of this study is to determine the differential contribution of relatio [...] nal variables (namely relationship with parents, peers and teachers) in predicting coping and self-esteem in a sample of 216 adolescents, 14 to 19 aged, from both genders. Parental attachment, relationships with peers and with teachers evidence different configurations in explaining self-esteem and coping variables. Self-esteem is predicted positively by quality of emotional bond and negatively by parental inhibition of exploration and individuality. Active coping is predicted positively by self-esteem and attachment to peers. However there is an indirect and positive effect of quality of emotional bond in active coping, through self-esteem and peers attachment. Relationship with peers is increased by quality of relationship with teachers. Results are discussed according to attachment theory and an ecological perspective of development.

Catarina, Pinheiro Mota; Paula, Mena Matos.

211

Validez Social de la Intervención en Adolescentes con Fobia Social: Padres frente a Profesores / Social Validity of Adolescent Intervention in Social Phobia: Parents vs. Teachers  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se presentan los resultados de un estudio llevado a cabo en un contexto comunitario con adolescentes espa­ñoles que presentan fobia social generalizada. El principal objetivo de esta investigación es analizar si los datos aportados por diferentes agentes de información (adolescentes, sus padres y pr [...] ofesores), mediante la versión creada para ello de esta escala (SAS-A total, SAS-A Padres y SAS-A Profesores), coinciden en la percepción de la mejora, atendiendo al tipo de tratamiento recibido, con el fin de analizar la validez social de los cambios. Los cincuenta y nueve sujetos seleccionados, de edades comprendidas entre 14 y 17 años, siendo el 67,8% chicas, fueron asignados al azar a tres condiciones experimentales: Tratamiento psicológico estructurado (cognitivo-conductual), Transmisión de información relativa a la ansiedad en general y a la fobia social en particular y Grupo de control lista de espera. Los resultados muestran que los adolescentes que recibieron tratamiento psicológico estructurado alcanzan mejores resultados en todas las variables medidas y que dichos cambios son percibidos por sus padres y profesores, siendo el grado de concordancia entre estos últimos mayor que entre éstos y los adolescentes Abstract in english The results of a research conducted with adolescents who suffer generalized phobia at a community setting, are presented. The main objective was to analyze if the data from different informants (adolescents, their parents, and teachers) obtained with a scale designed for this purpose (SAS-A complete [...] , SAS-A parents, and SAS-A teachers) were consistent in the improvement perception, in function of the kind of treatment received; aiming at analyzing the social validity of the changes. The 59 participants who were selected had between 14 and 17 years of age (67.8% girls), and were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions: structured behavioral treatment (cognitive-behavioral), transmission of information regarding general anxiety disorders and social phobia in particular, and a control group which remained in waiting list. The results showed that adolescents in the structured behavioral treatment had a better evolution in all the psychological variables that were assessed, and that the changes were perceived by their parents and teachers, being the concordance between the later and the former higher than each of them with the adolescents

P. J., Olivares-Olivares; A. I., Rosa-Alcázar; J., Olivares-Rodríguez.

212

Early Adolescent Attachment to Parents, Emotional Problems, and Teacher-Academic Worries about the Middle School Transition  

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This study examines how attachment to mother and father predicts worries about academic demands and relationships with teachers generated by the transition from elementary to middle school through its contribution to adolescents' emotional problems (depression and anxiety). The study sample includes 626 young adolescents (289 boys and 337 girls)…

Duchesne, Stephane; Ratelle, Catherine F.; Poitras, Sarah-Caroline; Drouin, Evelyne

2009-01-01

213

The Care and Use of a Child's Hearing Aid: A Practical Guide for Parents, Teachers, and Children.  

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The booklet is intended to provide practical information on hearing aids for hearing impaired children, their families and teachers. Illustrations are provided to describe the hearing process. The nature of hearing loss is considered in terms of types (conductive, sensori-neural, and mixed), causes, degrees, and educational implications. Four…

Lewis, Michael A.

214

The Implementation of Consultation Strategies To Improve Communication between Special Educators and Teachers, Principals, and Parents at the Elementary Level.  

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Written by a Director of Special Education working for an elementary school district in a small midwestern town, this practicum aimed to improve the special education delivery system in that district. A review of the literature and a survey of district needs indicated that: (1) teachers relied on a refer-test-place cycle when alternatives would…

Mirsky, Patricia S.

215

New Perspectives on Asian American Parents, Students and Teacher Recruitment. Research on the Education of Asian Pacific Americans  

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This research anthology is the fifth volume in a series sponsored by the Special Interest Group-Research on the Education of Asian and Pacific Americans (SIG-REAPA) of the American Educational Research Association and National Association for Asian and Pacific American Education. This series explores and examines the patterns of Asian parents'…

Park, Clara C., Ed.; Endo, Russell, Ed.; Rong, Xue Lan, Ed.

2009-01-01

216

An Attitudinal Study: Perceptions of Teachers, Parents and Public School Stakeholders Concerning the IEP Process and Development  

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The Individual Education Plan (IEP) process plays a vital role in the instructional process of the individual with ELN (exceptional leaning needs). The IEP process helps to level the playing field for students with ELN against those students that do not have diagnosed learning problems. From the parents to the students to the IEP staff, they all…

Carter, Emanuel; Wilson, Carolyn H.

2011-01-01

217

The Efficacy of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education Program (DARE) in West Vancouver Schools. Part 1, Attitudes toward DARE: An Examination of Opinions, Preferences, and Perceptions of Students, Teachers, and Parents.  

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This paper reports on part one of a study that examined the effectiveness of the Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) Program as a drug resistance, violence avoidance program in West Vancouver, Canada schools. Attitudes toward DARE held by students, teachers, and parents of children in the program were examined in order to evaluate how DARE was…

Curtis, Charles K.

218

Normative data and psychometric properties of the parent and teacher versions of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ in an Iranian community sample  

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Full Text Available

  • BACKGROUND: Strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ is a widely used instrument for screening mental problems in children and adolescents. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and psychometric properties of this questionnaire in comparison with the children behavior checklist (CBCL and psychiatric interview.
  • METHODS: The study was done in two stages. At stage one, 600 children aged between 6 and 12 were evaluated using the parent and teacher versions of SDQ and CBCL. At stage two, 25 children with the scores above the cut point reported by the developer of SDQ and 27 children with the score below this point were selected to be interviewed by a child and adolescent psychiatrist according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV classification and by another clinician using the K-SADS-PL (Schedule or Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children- Present and Lifetime Version as a semi structured interview.
  • RESULTS: The mean scores of SDQ subscales found in this study were comparable to what found in other studies in other countries. The cut-off points of SDQ were almost similar to that of other researches. The internal consistency and concurrent validity of this questionnaire was good.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The current study showed that both parent and teacher versions of SDQ in Persian language can be used as a valid tool in screening the mental problems in children and adolescents.
  • KEYWORDS: SDQ, CBCL, mental problems, children, K-SADS.

Zahra Shahrivar

2009-04-01

219

The role of veterinary medical librarians in teaching information literacy.  

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This qualitative study seeks to determine the nature of the instruction librarians provide to veterinary medical students at all 28 United States veterinary colleges. A secondary goal of the study was to determine in what ways and to what extent librarians participated in other instructional activities at their colleges. Over half of the librarians formally taught in one or more courses, predominantly in the first two years of the veterinary curriculum. One presentation per course was most common. Over half of the librarians interviewed stated that evidence-based veterinary medicine was taught at their colleges, and about half of these librarians collaborated with veterinary faculty in this instruction. Many librarians participated in orientation for first-year veterinary students. The librarians also taught instructional sessions for residents, interns, faculty, graduate students, and practicing veterinarians. This study found that librarians teach information literacy skills both formally and informally, but, in general, instruction by librarians was not well integrated into the curriculum. This study advances several recommendations to help veterinary students develop information literacy skills. These include: encourage veterinary faculty and administrators to collaborate more closely with librarians, incorporate a broader array of information literacy skills into assignments, and add a literature evaluation course to the curriculum. PMID:22023922

Dinkelman, Andrea L; Viera, Ann R; Bickett-Weddle, Danelle A

2011-01-01

220

Interculturalism in the classroom. The strengths and limitations of teachers in managing relations with children and parents of foreign origin  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The article addresses the issue of interculturalism in Italian schools. Intercultural education has become a fundamental principle of the Italian school system since the ‘80s, when students of foreign origin began to considerably increase in number. Based on qualitative interviews and a focus group with educational staff, I will explore how interculturalism is enforced in the curricula and everyday school life. Although theoretically teachers accept the principle, they have difficulty in ap...

Caneva, Elena

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Analysis of Parent, Teacher, and Consultant Speech Exchanges and Educational Outcomes of Students With Autism During COMPASS Consultation  

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The significant increase in the numbers of students with autism combined with the need for better trained teachers (National Research Council, 2001) call for research on the effectiveness of alternative methods, such as consultation, that have the potential to improve service delivery. Data from 2 randomized controlled single-blind trials indicate that an autism-specific consultation planning framework known as the collaborative model for promoting competence and success (COMPASS) is effectiv...

Ruble, Lisa; Birdwhistell, Jessie; Toland, Michael D.; Mcgrew, John H.

2011-01-01

222

Clinical medical librarian: the last unicorn?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the information age of the 1990s, the clinical medical librarian (CML) concept, like many other personalized library services, is often criticized as being too labor-intensive and expensive; others praise its advantages. To determine the attitudes of medical school library directors and clinical department heads toward implementation and feasibility of a CML program, forty randomly selected medical schools were surveyed. A double-blind procedure was used to sample department heads in inter...

Demas, J. M.; Ludwig, L. T.

1991-01-01

223

The Role of Librarians in Academic Success  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Librarians address all levels of information needs for the university: its acquisition, its production, its storage, and instruction for its safe and gainful use. Most of today's college students have a high degree of computer literacy but are weak in their abilities to determine the quality of the information that is so readily available. Students need to be taught to find, evaluate, and use information in an academically-oriented manner in order to solve complex problems. Good library skill...

Dold, Claudia J.

2013-01-01

224

Librarian Class Attendance: Blogs, statistics, outcomes and opportunities.  

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What, if any, are the benefits of having librarians attend lectures and seminars? In the midst of a start-up program, the librarians at the Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar were challenged to test new models of active participation while demonstrating positive outcomes. This paper describes the setting, methods, and outcomes associated with having librarians attend courses as active members in an evolving learning environment. Interactions with faculty and students will be analyzed to a...

2006-01-01

225

Efeito pai professor: o impacto da profissão docente na vida escolar dos filhos / Teacher parent effect: the impact of having a teacher parent on children's school life / Efecto padre profesor: el impacto de la profésion docente en la vida escolar de sus hijos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Este artigo pretende divulgar os resultados de uma pesquisa de doutorado recentemente finalizada que investigou as práticas educativas de famílias em que pelo menos um dos progenitores exercia a profissão de professor. A pesquisa buscou identificar, analisar e discutir as múltiplas práticas educativ [...] as e estratégias de escolarização que pais professores desenvolvem no quadro da vida escolar de seus filhos. Os resultados obtidos mostram que, de um modo geral, os pais professores se mobilizam intensamente para favorecer a escolarização dos filhos, mas que essa mobilização não se dá de modo homogêneo para as diferentes famílias. A origem social, as condições objetivas de existência, a rede de ensino de atuação profissional, as experiências docentes e os modos de configuração das dinâmicas familiares modulam as práticas educativas dos pais professores e impactam a relação que eles estabelecem com a vida escolar dos filhos. Abstract in spanish Este trabajo pretende divulgar los resultados de una investigación doctoral recientemente concluida, fundamentada en las prácticas educativas de las familias en las que, al menos, uno de los padres ejercía la profesión docente. La investigación buscó identificar, analizar y discutir las muchas práct [...] icas y estrategias educativas que los padres que ejercen la docencia desarrollan dentro de la vida escolar de sus hijos. Los resultados obtenidos en esta investigación muestran que, de manera general, los padres que ejercen la docencia están más intensamente movilizados para apoyar la enseñanza de sus hijos, pero que esa movilización no se produce homogéneamente entre las distintas familias. El origen social, las condiciones objetivas de existencia, el sistema escolar de desempeño profesional, las experiencias de enseñanza y las diferentes configuraciones de la dinámica familiar afectan a las prácticas educativas de los padres profesores e influyen en las relaciones que establecen con la vida escolar de sus hijos. Abstract in english This paper aims to disseminate the results of a recently completed doctoral research that investigated the educational practices of families in which at least one parent is a teacher. The research sought to identify, analyze and discuss the multiple educational practices and strategies that teacher [...] parents develop as part of the school life of their children. The results obtained show that, in general, parents who are teachers work more intensely on promoting their children's education, but that such work varies from family to family. Social origins, objective living standards, school systems, teaching experience and the different configurations of family dynamics shape the educational practices of such parents and impact on the relationship they establish with their children's school life.

Nogueira, Marlice de Oliveira e.

226

Conversando com bibliotecários Talking with librarians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available [Portuguese] Reflexões referente à profissão do bibliotecário na Sociedade do Conhecimento sobre qual será a posição do bibliotecário diante dela, sobre se a máquina substituirá o homem, sobre se haverá uma espécie de competitividade entre homem e máquina e, finalmente, sobre se a máquina supera as funções do homem. [English] Reflections about the librarians profession at the Kwonledge Society: which will be his position, if and how the machine will the machine will substitute the man, if will be a competitive enviromental impact between man and machine and how the machines will surpassable the men functions.

Graça Maria Fragoso

2003-01-01

227

Librarians Form a Bridge of Books to Advance Literacy  

Science.gov (United States)

School librarians are natural partners in the effort to improve the education, social and employment outcomes of black males. School librarians in Durham, N.C., have been working to close the literacy gap for black males. One of the literacy initiatives centered on the work of Alfred W. Tatum who believes that efforts to engage black males in…

Hughes-Hassell, Sandra; Rawson, Casey H.; McCracken, Lisa; Leonard, Mary Gray; Cunningham, Heather; Vance, Katy J.; Boone, Jennifer

2012-01-01

228

Google in the Research and Teaching of Instruction Librarians  

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This exploratory study assesses the differences and similarities between how instruction librarians in Western Canada use Google and how they instruct students to use it. Survey results indicate that these librarians do use Google but can be influenced by faculty to present Google negatively to students. (Contains 4 figures and 1 table.)

Sorensen, Charlene; Dahl, Candice

2008-01-01

229

Bigger Is (Maybe) Better: Librarians' Views of Interdisciplinary Databases  

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This study investigates librarians' satisfaction with general interdisciplinary databases for undergraduate research and explores possibilities for improving these databases. Results from a national survey suggest that librarians at a variety of institutions are relatively satisfied overall with the content and usability of general,…

Gilbert, Julie K.

2010-01-01

230

Using "Moodle[TM]": How Rural School Librarians Stay Connected  

Science.gov (United States)

So, what if one lives in a remote, rural area, but still has important knowledge and insights that others might benefit from learning? What if one is the only school librarian for multiple districts, and one just cannot justify the time to travel to a regular, traditional class meeting These are questions that school librarians in Iowa, as well as…

Appleton, Karen; DeGroot, Dorothy; Lampe, Karen; Carruthers, Cheryl

2009-01-01

231

Combating plagiarism: the role of the health librarian.  

Science.gov (United States)

This feature looks at the issue of plagiarism in health care students and the role of the health librarian in combating the problem. In particular, consideration is given to how plagiarism can occur and provides some examples from two UK universities of approaches health librarians can take in supporting students to avoid these common pitfalls. PMID:24251896

Spring, Hannah; Adams, Rachel

2013-12-01

232

Kansas Academic Librarian Perceptions of Information Literacy Professional Development Needs  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to assess the professional development needs of academic instruction librarians required to improve information literacy instructional effectiveness in higher education institutions within the state of Kansas. The population in this correlational study was the 84 academic librarians with instruction duties at Kansas's…

Starkey, Alysia

2010-01-01

233

Knowledge, Skills and Attributes for Academic Reference Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of Australian academic reference librarians was conducted as part of an international collaboration seeking to identify the most important knowledge, skills and attributes now and for the next ten years. Librarians working in or managing reference-related services at university and vocational education and training institutions…

Haddow, Gaby

2012-01-01

234

Mary E. Hall: Dawn of the Professional School Librarian  

Science.gov (United States)

A century ago, a woman named Mary E. Hall convinced school leaders of the need for the professional school librarian--a librarian who cultivated a love of reading, academic achievement, and independent learning skills. After graduating from New York City's Pratt Institute Library School in 1895, Hall developed her vision for the high school…

Alto, Teresa

2012-01-01

235

CSI(L) Carleton: Forensic Librarians and Reflective Practices  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In the Library with the Lead Pipe is pleased to welcome guest authors Iris Jastram, Danya Leebaw, and Heather Tompkins.  They are reference and instruction librarians at Carleton College, a small liberal arts college in Minnesota. Becoming forensic librarians “Wait, this is information literacy?” a rhetorician at our workshop exclaimed in excited surprise. “But this [...

Iris Jastram

2011-01-01

236

Common Core Thrusts School Librarians into Leadership Roles  

Science.gov (United States)

Librarians say they view the common core, with its emphasis on explanation, complex text, and cross-disciplinary synthesis, as an unprecedented opportunity for them to really strut their stuff. Adopted by all but four states, the standards have prompted coordinating discussions among the library-association divisions that represent librarians in…

Gewertz, Catherine

2012-01-01

237

Censorship and the Internet. A Stand for School Librarians: Opinion.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses censorship, the Internet, and school librarians. Topics include the Communications Decency Act; the American Library Association's stand against censorship; the Constitution and the Bill of Rights; free flow of information versus responsible usage; the Internet's lack of government control; and school librarians as protectors of…

Truett, Carol

1997-01-01

238

Students in Nova Scotia Schools Without Teacher-Librarians are not Achieving Department of Education Expectations for Information Literacy Skills. A review of: Gunn, Holly, and Gary Hepburn. “Seeking Information for School Purposes on the Internet.” Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology 29.1 (Winter 2003: 67?88. 24 May 2007  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – This study investigated whether the expectations for Internet searching strategies outlined in provincial curriculumg oals are being met in Nova Scotia Schools. Twelfth-grade students in representative schools were surveyed as to their Internet information seeking strategies and their perceptions of the effectiveness of those strategies. The results are presented as six themes based on the survey questions.Design – Survey questionnaire consisting of yes/no, multiple-choice, Likert style, and open?ended responses.Setting – Twelfth?grade students from four high schools in one district in Nova Scotia. Total participants: 198.Subjects – Questionnaires were analyzed from 243 general practitioners, practice nurses, and practice managers in four Nottingham primary care trusts as well as practices in the Rotherham Health Authority area.Methods – Four research questions guided this study: 1. What strategies and techniques do students use that are helpful for information?seeking on the Internet? 2. What knowledge do students have of the different World Wide Web search engines? 3. How do students perceive their ability to locate information for school purposes on the Internet? 4. How do students learn how to seek information on the Internet for school related assignments? The survey was developed through a literature review of previous research. Each survey item reflected a theme and one of the four research questions. The survey was field tested in a pilot study with two twelfth?grade students, and two twelfth grade English classes.The sample was assembled by asking principals at the four schools to identify two classes in each of their schools that represented mixed academic abilities. Three schools chose English classes, and one school chose math classes participate in the study. All students had agreed to be a part of the study and only students present in class on the day the questionnaire was given were represented. No effort was made to include students who were absent. Results were tabulated as percentages of responses, and presented in tables related to the themes of the four research questions.Main results – Throughout the study, students reported very few strategies for effective Internet searching. They cited friends and family members rather than teachers as their main sources for support, and reported self?taught trial and error as the most common method of learning search strategies. Despite their lack of effectiveness, most students considered themselves “good” or “very good” at finding the information they need for school purposes. Most of the students used very few of the strategies associated with effective searching that have been stated in prior research studies.• Research Question One: Use of Strategies and Techniques for Information?Seeking on the Internet Only 15% of students used Boolean operators regularly. Over 70% of students did not know how to eliminate commercial sites, use particular features, limit searches to recently updatedp ages or limit searches to the title section of a Web page.• Research Question Two: Knowledge of World Wide Web Search Engines. Google was the overwhelming choice, with 66.7% percent of students reporting that they used it regularly. Other search engines were used from 0 to 22%.• Research Question Three: Students’ Perception of Their Information?Seeking Ability on the Internet 81.3 % of students reported their abilities as good or very good. Only 5% felt their abilities were poor.• Research Question Four: How Students Learn What They Know About Information?Seeking on the Internet 72.7% reported self?teaching strategies. 39.8% relied on friends or classmates, 36.8 % relied on teachers. 2.5% reported librarians as a source Of the students who reported self?teaching,53% used trial and error, 6.6% used help screens and 4% searched for assistance. 80.8% of students who reported teachers as a source for learning information strategie swere taught in computer?related classes, rather than in content ar

Gayle Bogel

2007-06-01

239

Virtually embedded the librarian in an online environment  

CERN Multimedia

The rise of online education at institutions of higher learning, together with the increasing cost of higher education, lead some to suggest that online (or distance) education will eventually become the dominant form of higher learning. This has particular significance for librarians. This casebook, a blueprint for embedding academic librarians in online environments, from undergraduate to science-based graduate schools to MOOCs is the first to explore how librarians can play a key role in the virtual academic landscape. The authors, academic librarians representing a broad range of colleges and universities, look at the evolution of the embedded librarian from physical to virtual, suggest how to develop and implement unique programs in and out of the classroom, and explain how to scale programs once they are embedded. This book is suitable for professional collections in academic libraries of all sizes and types. It is also suitable for collections in schools of library and information science.

McCaffrey, Erin

2014-01-01

240

???????????????????????? ?????????? A Study on University Circulation Librarian’s Service Strategy to Cope with Aggressive Patron: The Perspective of Emotional Labor  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????The aggressive patrons’ outrageous and unreasonable behavior would have serious influence on circulation librarians. However, in order to maintain the service quality, “emotional labor” is usually performed by the librarians when encounter aggressive patrons. Emotional labor is the manipulation of the required emotional expression, and the strategies used to maintain the service quality. To understand circulation librarians’ service strategies coping with aggressive patrons from the perspective of emotional labor, semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted in this study. The interviewees consisted of 15 university circulation librarians all over Taiwan. The findings revealed that the factors which may elicit aggressive reaction included library services and the patrons’ personal traits. And to cope with the aggressive patrons, the circulation librarians would employ self-controlling, surface acting, and other service strategies such as persuasion or active listening.

Chen Su-May Sheih

2013-07-01

 
 
 
 
241

Role of Librarian in Internet and World Wide Web Environment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The transition of traditional library collections to digital or virtual collections presented the librarian with new opportunities. The Internet, Web en-vironment and associated sophisticated tools have given the librarian a new dynamic role to play and serve the new information based society in bet-ter ways than hitherto. Because of the powerful features of Web i.e. distributed, heterogeneous, collaborative, multimedia, multi-protocol, hyperme-dia-oriented architecture, World Wide Web has revolutionized the way people access information, and has opened up new possibilities in areas such as digital libraries, virtual libraries, scientific information retrieval and dissemination. Not only the world is becoming interconnected, but also the use of Internet and Web has changed the fundamental roles, paradigms, and organizational culture of libraries and librarians as well. The article describes the limitless scope of Internet and Web, the existence of the librarian in the changing environment, parallelism between information sci-ence and information technology, librarians and intelligent agents, working of intelligent agents, strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities in-volved in the relationship between librarians and the Web. The role of librarian in Internet and Web environment especially as intermediary, facilita-tor, end-user trainer, Web site builder, researcher, interface designer, knowledge manager and sifter of information resources is also described.

K. Nageswara Rao

2001-01-01

242

Sense of self: Embracing your teacher identity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Welcome to another guest post at ItLwtLP. This time we bring you thoughts from Carrie Donovan, an instruction librarian at Indiana University Bloomington. Enjoy! Once upon a time in libraries, you could call yourself a good teacher if you spent more than 30 minutes planning a lesson, if you wowed students with your search savvy, [...

Carrie Donovan

2009-01-01

243

Sense of self: Embracing your teacher identity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Welcome to another guest post at ItLwtLP. This time we bring you thoughts from Carrie Donovan, an instruction librarian at Indiana University Bloomington. Enjoy! Once upon a time in libraries, you could call yourself a good teacher if you spent more than 30 minutes planning a lesson, if you wowed students with your search savvy, [...

Carrie Donovan

2009-08-01

244

E-Librarian Service Search with Semantic Web Technologies  

CERN Multimedia

This book introduces a new approach to designing E-Librarian Services. With the help of this system, users will be able to retrieve multimedia resources from digital libraries more efficiently than they would by browsing through an index or by using a simple keyword search. E-Librarian Services combine recent advances in multimedia information retrieval with aspects of human-machine interfaces, such as the ability to ask questions in natural language; they simulate a human librarian by finding and delivering the most relevant documents that offer users potential answers to their queries. The p

Linckels, Serge

2011-01-01

245

The age demographics of academic librarians a profession apart  

CERN Document Server

The Age Demographics of Academic Librarians: A Profession Apart discusses the current demographics of librarianship in North America and examines how a huge retiree rate will affect the profession. With the average age of librarians increasing dramatically since 1990, this book examines the changes that will have to take place in your library, such as recruiting, training, and working with a smaller staff. The Age Demographics of Academic Librarians provides you with insights on how to make your library's transition easier when several of your colleagues leave your library. Valuable and intell

Wilder, Stanley

2013-01-01

246

Tres miradas sobre la televisión: docentes, padres y niños / Three Perspectives on Television: Teachers, Parents and Children / Três miradas à televisão: docentes, pais e meninos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Neste artigo indaga-se, desde as perspectivas teóricas e práticas examinadas, como consideram os pais, os docentes e os meninos a televisão. Procura-se comparar as três perspectivas para continuar a pesquisa em um trabalho de campo que prove e contraste os achados teóricos. São estudados universos d [...] e diferentes regiões geográficas e distintos grupos sociais, que têm coincidências muito significativas. É importante destacar que a influência dos adultos no imaginário dos meninos acerca da televisão é muito mais forte do que poderia supõe-se à primeira vista. Para avaliá-la são revelados textos e estudos levados ao cabo na Argentina e outros países, e chega-se a uma síntese final. O artigo carateriza-se por o seu enfoque exploratório e descritivo, que finaliza em uma conclusão valorativa. Abstract in spanish El artículo de investigación que se presenta tiene como fin indagar, en los estudios teóricos y empíricos que se abordan, cómo consideran la televisión los padres, los docentes y los niños. El objetivo perseguido es comparar las tres perspectivas, para posteriormente poder continuar la investigación [...] , con un trabajo de campo que compruebe y contraste los hallazgos teóricos. Los trabajos relevados estudian universos de distintas regiones geográficas y de diferentes grupos sociales, pero poseen fuertes coincidencias, ampliamente significativas. Abstract in english The following research article examines what parents, teachers and children think about television, based on a series of theoretical and empirical studies. The objective is to compare the three perspectives, before going on to test and compare the theoretical findings in the field. Although the stud [...] ies in question focus on different geographic regions and different social groups, they reveal clear coincidences that are quite significant.

Patricia, Nigro.

247

Pais, educadores e testes: estão de acordo na avaliação de aptidões de crianças pré-escolares? Parents, teachers and tests: do they agree in the assessment of oreschoolers'abilities?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O presente estudo pretende contribuir para o esclarecimento de questões relativas ao acordo entre pais e educadores quando avaliam o desenvolvimento infantil e com o grau em que estas avaliações estão relacionadas com aptidões cognitivas das crianças. Cento e setenta e três crianças pré-escolares foram classificadas de modo independente por pais e por educadores em diferentes áreas do desenvolvimento e os resultados na WPPSI-R foram tomados como critério externo. A idade e o género das crianças foram considerados nas análises realizadas. O grau de acordo entre informadores revelou-se baixo a moderado. Em comparação com os educadores, os pais classificam os seus filhos como mais desenvolvidos. Algumas dimensões do desenvolvimento (e.g. aprendizagem encontram-se mais relacionadas com o desempenho na WPPSI-R do que outras. Os resultados são discutidos quanto às suas implicações para a avaliação psicológica de crianças pré-escolares.This paper addresses issues related to the agreement between parents and teachers when they assess children's development, and to what extend those assessments are related to children's cognitive abilities. A hundred seventy three preschoolers were independently classified by their parents and teachers regarding different developmental domains. The results on the WPPSI-R test were taken as an external criterion to evaluate the accuracy of the parents' ratings. Children's age and gender were considered in the analysis. Inter-rater agreement is low to moderate. Compared with teachers, parents systematically rate their children as more developed. Some dimensions of development (e.g. learning are more related to performance on the WPPSIR than others. Results are discussed regarding their implications to the psychological assessment of preschoolers.

Maria João Seabra-Santos

2012-01-01

248

Twenty-first-century kids, twenty-first-century librarians  

CERN Document Server

Inspired by a new generation of librarians and children, Walter reconsiders the legacy passed on by the matriarchs of children's services and examines more recent trends and challenges growing out of changes in educational philosophy and information technology.

Walter, Virginia A

2009-01-01

249

An introduction to the Semantic Web for health sciences librarians*  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objectives: The paper (1) introduces health sciences librarians to the main concepts and principles of the Semantic Web (SW) and (2) briefly reviews a number of projects on the handling of biomedical information that uses SW technology.

Robu, Ioana; Robu, Valentin; Thirion, Benoit

2006-01-01

250

Electronic publishing: implications for health sciences libraries and librarians.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Increasingly we hear of "electronic publishing" in the form of books and journals made available as databases, either through traditional online services or through electronic message services. This paper explores its potential impact on the medical library community and on the relationship between end user and librarian. The librarian's new roles as intermediary, facilitator, and advocate for end users are examined. The question of developing expertise for evaluating information as w...

Schulman, J. L.

1986-01-01

251

New trends in content creation : changing responsibilities for librarians  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper addresses the changes in the role of librarians as information intermediaries due to the introduction of new forms of digital content brought about by modem information and communication technologies. The main focus is on the way in which these changes have affected the moral responsibilities of librarians. Six content trends are identified in support of this claim. These are: the growth in volume; amount of noise; sharing of content and information participation; personal space; c...

Lor, Peter Johan; Britz, Johannes J.

2011-01-01

252

Rejuvenation and Networking Motivates Librarians to Attend Conferences  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A Review of: Vega, Robert D. and Ruth S. Connell. “Librarians’ Attitudes Toward Conferences: A Study.” College & Research Libraries 68.6 (2007): 503-15. Objectives – To determine why professional librarians attend or do not attend conferences and to consider their attitudes toward the various conference offerings and whether conference attendance is important to their careers. Design – An electronic mail list survey designed to collect both ...

Hultman O?zek, Yvonne

2009-01-01

253

MOOCs as a Professional Development Tool for Librarians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This article explores how reference and instructional librarians taking over new areas of subject responsibility can develop professional expertise using new eLearning tools called MOOCs. MOOCs – Massive Open Online Courses – are a new online learning model that offers free higher education courses to anyone with an Internet connection and a keen interest to learn. As MOOCs proliferate, librarians have the opportunity to leverage this technology to improve their professional skills.

Meghan Ecclestone

2013-11-01

254

LIBRARIES AND THE LIBRARIANS IN THE DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The transformation of the traditional libraries into e-resources base digital libraries represented new opportunities and the new ways to the library professionals to provide the satisfactory users need. The role of the libraries and the librarians has changed in the e-environment and the library professionals became multitalented personality. This paper also describes the multipurpose role of the librarians in the digital age.

MD AJIMUDDIN SK

2013-02-01

255

Personal information and reference management : librarians’ increasing creativity  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This column seeks to explore the potential of personal information management (PIM) and reference management to offer more than easy citation of information sources and the creation of bibliographies. The emphasis is on the role librarians and information professionals (hereafter referred to only as librarians) can play in raising awareness of the potential of PIM and reference management and issues to be considered. The end goal is increasing quality, productivity, collaboration and creat...

Fourie, Ina

2011-01-01

256

The librarian as a partner in nursing education.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Welch Medical Library has explored new roles for librarians in knowledge management instruction programs throughout the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing curricula. These programs have created roles for library staff as both instructors and knowledge management experts. By fostering strong communication and attention to quality instruction, librarians achieved their vision of a program in knowledge management integrated into the curriculum, where they are partners working with nursin...

Layton, B.; Hahn, K.

1995-01-01

257

Alianza Familia-Escuela: Percepciones, Creencias, Expectativas y Aspiraciones de Padres y Profesores de Enseñanza General Básica Family-School Alliance: Perceptions, Beliefs, Expectatives and Aspirations of Parents and Teachers in Primary School  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se refieren los resultados de un estudio cualitativo realizado en Santiago, cuyo propósito fue describir y comprender las percepciones, creencias, expectativas y aspiraciones de padres y profesores sobre la relación familia - escuela. El diseño metodológico se adscribió a los principios del paradigma interpretativo, según los principios de la Grounded Theory. Las técnicas de recolección fueron entrevistas semi-estructuradas y grupos focales a madres y profesores, constituyendo una muestra total de 48 sujetos. El estudio aporta información descriptiva y comprensiva sobre consensos y disensos de ambos respecto del sistema relacional familia-escuela, roles, normas, comunicación, conflictos, participación, alianza y educación. Finalmente emerge un modelo del sistema relacional familia - escuela, incluyendo barreras, facilitadores y parámetros que posibilitarían una alianza efectiva.Findings from a qualitative study made in Santiago, whose purpose was to describe and understand the parents and teachers perceptions, beliefs, expectatives, and aspirations about the family-school relationship. The methodological design adhered to the principles of the interpretative paradigm, according to the principles of the Grounded Theory. The gathering techniques were semi-organized interviews and focal groups to mothers and teachers, completing a total sample of 48 persons. This research contributes with descriptive and comprehensive information about consensus and disagreements of parents and teachers with regard to the family-school relational system, roles, rules, communication, conflicts, participation, alliance and education. Finally a model of the family-school relational system emerges, including barriers, helpers, and parameters that would make possible an effective alliance.

Maritza Rivera

2006-05-01

258

Diabetes Insipidus, Central (For Parents)  

Science.gov (United States)

... Safety Doctors & Hospitals Q&A Recipes En Español Teachers - Looking for Health Lessons? Visit KidsHealth in the Classroom What Other Parents Are Reading Video: Kids on Bullying Managing Asthma? Care Tips Gluten-Free Recipes Facts ...

259

Academic Librarians’ Conception and Use of Evidence Sources in Practice  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – The objective of this study was to explore and understand how academic librarians use evidence in their professional decision making. Theresearcher aimed to gain insights on the relevance of the current EBLIP model topractice, and to understand the possible connections between scientific researchand tacit knowledge within the practice of LIS.Methods – A grounded theory methodology was used, following the approach ofCharmaz (2006. Participants were 19 academic librarians in Canada. Data wasgathered via online diaries and semi-structured interviews over a six-month periodin 2011.Results – Two broad types of evidence were identified (hard and soft, and aregenerally used in conjunction with one another. Librarians examine all evidencesources with a critical eye, and try to determine a complete picture before reachinga conclusion. As well, librarians use a variety of proactive and passive approachesto find evidence.Conclusions – These results provide a strong message that no single evidencesource is perfect. Consequently, librarians bring different types of evidencetogether in order to be as informed as possible before making a decision. Using acombination of evidence sources, depending upon the problem, is the wayacademic librarians approach decision making.

Denise Koufogiannakis

2012-12-01

260

Parent to Parent Support  

Science.gov (United States)

... located at: http://www.p2pusa.org/p2pusa/SitePages/ p2p-support.aspx Check Out... ...the website of Parent ... information and materials on starting and developing a P2P program. Starting up and operating a Parent to ...

 
 
 
 
261

...I want to be a part of my son's life : Parent's role in a South African preschool  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abstract This is a study about the cooperation between parents and teachers in a South African preschool. I interviewed two teachers and two parents about parent’s role in the preschool and their influence in the organization. The results show that the parents have different opinions about their influence in the preschool. The teachers want’s the parents to take on certain roles in the preschool, for example to raise money for different excursions with the children. The teachers, along wi...

2007-01-01

262

Teachers! Parents! Beware of RSI.  

Science.gov (United States)

Musculo-skeleton injuries, which include tendinitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, chronic neck and back pain, and other Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSI), are the leading causes of disability in working-age people in North America. This paper highlights studies indicating that computer users are especially susceptible to these injuries; therefore, the…

Ubelacker, Sandra

263

How to assess and compare inter-rater reliability, agreement and correlation of ratings: an exemplary analysis of mother-father and parent-teacher expressive vocabulary rating pairs  

Science.gov (United States)

This report has two main purposes. First, we combine well-known analytical approaches to conduct a comprehensive assessment of agreement and correlation of rating-pairs and to dis-entangle these often confused concepts, providing a best-practice example on concrete data and a tutorial for future reference. Second, we explore whether a screening questionnaire developed for use with parents can be reliably employed with daycare teachers when assessing early expressive vocabulary. A total of 53 vocabulary rating pairs (34 parent–teacher and 19 mother–father pairs) collected for two-year-old children (12 bilingual) are evaluated. First, inter-rater reliability both within and across subgroups is assessed using the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Next, based on this analysis of reliability and on the test-retest reliability of the employed tool, inter-rater agreement is analyzed, magnitude and direction of rating differences are considered. Finally, Pearson correlation coefficients of standardized vocabulary scores are calculated and compared across subgroups. The results underline the necessity to distinguish between reliability measures, agreement and correlation. They also demonstrate the impact of the employed reliability on agreement evaluations. This study provides evidence that parent–teacher ratings of children's early vocabulary can achieve agreement and correlation comparable to those of mother–father ratings on the assessed vocabulary scale. Bilingualism of the evaluated child decreased the likelihood of raters' agreement. We conclude that future reports of agreement, correlation and reliability of ratings will benefit from better definition of terms and stricter methodological approaches. The methodological tutorial provided here holds the potential to increase comparability across empirical reports and can help improve research practices and knowledge transfer to educational and therapeutic settings.

Stolarova, Margarita; Wolf, Corinna; Rinker, Tanja; Brielmann, Aenne

2014-01-01

264

Clinical medical librarian: the last unicorn?  

Science.gov (United States)

In the information age of the 1990s, the clinical medical librarian (CML) concept, like many other personalized library services, is often criticized as being too labor-intensive and expensive; others praise its advantages. To determine the attitudes of medical school library directors and clinical department heads toward implementation and feasibility of a CML program, forty randomly selected medical schools were surveyed. A double-blind procedure was used to sample department heads in internal medicine, pediatrics, and surgery, as well as health sciences library directors identified by the Association of Academic Health Sciences Library Directors (AAHSLD) annual statistics. The survey instrument was designed to measure responses to the following attitudinal variables: acceptance and nonacceptance of a CML program; importance to patient care, education, and research; influence on information-seeking patterns of health care professionals; ethical issues; CML extension services; and costs. Seventy-nine usable questionnaires out of a total of 120 (66%) were obtained from clinical medical personnel, and 30 usable questionnaires out of a total of 40 (75%) were obtained from medical school library directors. Survey results indicated significant differences between clinical medical personnel and library personnel regarding attitudes toward CML influence on information-seeking patterns, ethics, alternative CML services, and costs. Survey results also indicated a continuing strong support for CML programs in the medical school setting; however, differences of opinion existed toward defining the role of the CML and determining responsibility for funding. PMID:1998816

Demas, J M; Ludwig, L T

1991-01-01

265

Pais, educadores e testes: estão de acordo na avaliação de aptidões de crianças pré-escolares? / Parents, teachers and tests: do they agree in the assessment of oreschoolers'abilities?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O presente estudo pretende contribuir para o esclarecimento de questões relativas ao acordo entre pais e educadores quando avaliam o desenvolvimento infantil e com o grau em que estas avaliações estão relacionadas com aptidões cognitivas das crianças. Cento e setenta e três crianças pré-escolares fo [...] ram classificadas de modo independente por pais e por educadores em diferentes áreas do desenvolvimento e os resultados na WPPSI-R foram tomados como critério externo. A idade e o género das crianças foram considerados nas análises realizadas. O grau de acordo entre informadores revelou-se baixo a moderado. Em comparação com os educadores, os pais classificam os seus filhos como mais desenvolvidos. Algumas dimensões do desenvolvimento (e.g. aprendizagem) encontram-se mais relacionadas com o desempenho na WPPSI-R do que outras. Os resultados são discutidos quanto às suas implicações para a avaliação psicológica de crianças pré-escolares. Abstract in english This paper addresses issues related to the agreement between parents and teachers when they assess children's development, and to what extend those assessments are related to children's cognitive abilities. A hundred seventy three preschoolers were independently classified by their parents and teach [...] ers regarding different developmental domains. The results on the WPPSI-R test were taken as an external criterion to evaluate the accuracy of the parents' ratings. Children's age and gender were considered in the analysis. Inter-rater agreement is low to moderate. Compared with teachers, parents systematically rate their children as more developed. Some dimensions of development (e.g. learning) are more related to performance on the WPPSIR than others. Results are discussed regarding their implications to the psychological assessment of preschoolers.

Seabra-Santos, Maria João; Gaspar, Maria Filomena Fonseca.

266

Working with Proactive Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

Music education doesn't end in the classroom; for many teachers, it's crucial to engage on the home front as well. Parental involvement can have an enormous impact on a music program. Mothers and fathers--as well as other family members--can act as strong advocates, effective fundraisers, sources of invaluable help for performances, and…

Poliniak, Susan

2010-01-01

267

Roles for Information professionals in patient education: Librarians' perspective  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Through an examination of librarians’ contributions to the PEPTalk research project, this article highlights roles for information professionals at various stages in the design and clinical implementation of an information system that delivers patient education. The Personal Education Plan (PEPTalk was a collaborative, multi-disciplinary research project (2005-2006 based at the University Health Network’s Princess Margaret Hospital that designed an information system to provide web-based health information resources to both patients and clinicians under a shared umbrella of patient education. This article provides an overview of the PEPTalk project methods and outcomes, and documents the contributions of librarians throughout the design and clinical implementation stages of the project. Librarians brought expertise about information seeking behaviours of both patients and clinicians to the project; liaised across institutional and professional boundaries; developed a classification system for online learning objects, and educated project team about information and health literacies. The contributions of librarians on the PEPTalk project illustrate the need for boundary spanners, information brokers, knowledge translators, and change champions in the design and implementation of patient education delivery systems. There are new roles emergent at the intersections of clinical practice and health information provision. There is a need for the traditional skills and expertise of librarians and other information professionals in tailoring health information. Yet the design and implementation of patient education systems also require the development of new skills and the application of advanced information literacy as it pertains to both clinicians and patients.

Susan L. MacDonald

2010-07-01

268

Evidence-Based Marketing for Academic Librarians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective - In developing marketing strategies for the Business & Economics Library (BEL at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC, a survey was designed to answer the following questions: - Should BEL develop marketing strategies differently for East Asian business students? - What services do graduate business students want to receive from BEL? - With whom should BEL partner to increase visibility at the College of Business? Marketing research techniques were used to gather evidence upon which BEL could construct appropriate marketing strategies. Methods - A questionnaire was used with graduate business students enrolled at UIUC. The survey consisted of four categories of questions: 1 demographics, 2 assessment of current library services, 3 desired library services, and 4 research behavior. The data were analyzed using desriptive statistics and hypothesis testing to answer the three research questions. Results - East Asian business students showed similar assessment of current services as non-East Asian international business students. Survey results also showed the graduate business students had low awareness of current library services. The Business Career Services Office was identified as a co-branding partner for BEL to increase its visibility. Conclusion - A marketing research approach was used to help BEL make important strategic decisions before launching marketing campaigns to increase visibility to graduate business students at UIUC. As a result of the survey, a deeper understanding of graduate business students' expectations and assessment of library services was gained. Students' perceptions became a foundation that helped shape marketing strategies for BEL to increase its visibility at the College of Business. Creating marketing strategies without concrete data and analysis is a risky endeavor that librarians, not just corporate marketers, should avoid.

Yoo-Seong Song

2006-03-01

269

Tell Me, Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

As part of an inservice program, author attempted to explain the dangers of overcontrolling'' parents and teachers to the development of healthy children. Finding scholarly discussion generating little interest, he recalled a troubling experience encountered as a science teacher and told it in the poem and narrative of this article. (Editor/CB)

Cole, Henry P.

1972-01-01

270

Caring Teachers: Adolescents' Perspectives.  

Science.gov (United States)

Teachers represent a connection between students and parents. They have an enormous impact on how the philosophy of a school is translated and communicated to these two groups of constituents. Teachers are also intermediaries between the institution and the students, yet because of their sheer numbers in these institutions, they are also part of…

Ferreira, Maria M.

271

Solving Communication Problems about Homework: Recommendations of Special Education Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Special-education teachers (N=673) rank-ordered recommendations for improving communication between teachers and parents concerning homework for students with disabilities. Results support the importance of general educators and parents monitoring homework, provision of opportunities for parents and teachers to communicate, exploration of…

Bursuck, William D.; Harniss, Mark K.; Epstein, Michael H.; Polloway, Edward A.; Jayanthi, Madhavi; Wissinger, Lisa M.

1999-01-01

272

Teacher's communication skills  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Teacher's communication skills are one of the most powerful tools in its work. His professional competence, the role of being the expert in teaching specific subject of the field of subjects, must always go hand in hand with his teaching competence, the ability and skills that enable methods and forms of work that are appropriate for students’ abilities. The focus of research is the analysis of communication relations between teacher and students and between teacher and parents. A modern sc...

2010-01-01

273

How to Talk to Parents and Get the Message Home.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article explains how teachers can use tact and diplomacy to minimize potential problems with parent-teacher conferences. A checklist of tips to help teachers prepare for conferences and conduct them positively is given, along with ideas for keeping in touch with parents the rest of the year. (PP)

Instructor, 1983

1983-01-01

274

The evolving role of the librarian in evidence-based medicine.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Librarians' participation in evidence-based medicine (EBM) is rooted in past practices, most notably in clinical medical librarianship. EBM extends the librarians' role beyond identification of the literature to involvement in practicing and teaching quality filtering and critical appraisal of the literature. These activities require librarians to acquire new knowledge and develop new skills. A professional development program for librarians at the Library of the Health Sciences (LHS) at the ...

Scherrer, C. S.; Dorsch, J. L.

1999-01-01

275

Organized Parents as Allies in School Improvement. Draft.  

Science.gov (United States)

The results of a case study in an elementary school indicate that parents can effectively support school improvement efforts even in schools with characteristics identified in previous research as inimical to change. Administrators, teachers, and parents were interviewed about the impact of a five-part plan developed by the school's parent teacher

McCary, C. E., III

276

Parent Perceptions and Recommendations about Homework Involving Wikis and Blogs  

Science.gov (United States)

Homework is an important way for teachers to develop relationships with their students' parents and other caregivers. The learning activities teachers assign for homework provide parents a window into the content and skills their children are learning at school. Parents have a chance to participate in their children's schooling by…

Portier, Christine A.; Peterson, Shelley Stagg; Capitao-Tavares, Zelia; Rambaran, Kamla

2013-01-01

277

MedLibTrain. Become a better teacher of health information skills  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This handbook is a result of the Project: “Become a competent teacher of information skills - a professional development program for medical librarians. The jointproject between medical librarians in Poland and Norway” (the acronym)(the acronym undertaken in cooperation by following institutions: Medical Library, JUMC, theInformation Studies Department, Institute of Public Health JUMC and Norwegian LibraryAssociation, Section for Medicine and Health.

Niedz?wiedzka, Barbara; Hunska?r, Irene

2010-01-01

278

Alianza Familia-Escuela: Percepciones, Creencias, Expectativas y Aspiraciones de Padres y Profesores de Enseñanza General Básica / Family-School Alliance: Perceptions, Beliefs, Expectatives and Aspirations of Parents and Teachers in Primary School  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se refieren los resultados de un estudio cualitativo realizado en Santiago, cuyo propósito fue describir y comprender las percepciones, creencias, expectativas y aspiraciones de padres y profesores sobre la relación familia - escuela. El diseño metodológico se adscribió a los principios del paradigm [...] a interpretativo, según los principios de la Grounded Theory. Las técnicas de recolección fueron entrevistas semi-estructuradas y grupos focales a madres y profesores, constituyendo una muestra total de 48 sujetos. El estudio aporta información descriptiva y comprensiva sobre consensos y disensos de ambos respecto del sistema relacional familia-escuela, roles, normas, comunicación, conflictos, participación, alianza y educación. Finalmente emerge un modelo del sistema relacional familia - escuela, incluyendo barreras, facilitadores y parámetros que posibilitarían una alianza efectiva. Abstract in english Findings from a qualitative study made in Santiago, whose purpose was to describe and understand the parents and teachers perceptions, beliefs, expectatives, and aspirations about the family-school relationship. The methodological design adhered to the principles of the interpretative paradigm, acco [...] rding to the principles of the Grounded Theory. The gathering techniques were semi-organized interviews and focal groups to mothers and teachers, completing a total sample of 48 persons. This research contributes with descriptive and comprehensive information about consensus and disagreements of parents and teachers with regard to the family-school relational system, roles, rules, communication, conflicts, participation, alliance and education. Finally a model of the family-school relational system emerges, including barriers, helpers, and parameters that would make possible an effective alliance.

Maritza, Rivera; Neva, Milicic.

279

Falamos da mesma criança? Concordância mãe - pai - professores na avaliação do temperamento de crianças portuguesas / Is that the same child? Parents' and teachers' agreement in temperament assessment of portuguese children  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Com este trabalho pretendeu-se analisar o grau de concordância entre diferentes informadores - mães, pais, professores do ensino regular e dos apoios educativos (quando aplicável) - na avaliação do temperamento de crianças com 2 a 7 anos de idade. O estudo incidiu sobre uma amostra de 138 crianças, [...] distribuídas por quatro grupos com diferentes características desenvolvimentais: síndrome de Down, Autismo, Nascimento Prematuro e Desenvolvimento Normal. Os informadores preencheram a Temperament Assessment Battery for Children - Revised nas versões para pais ou para professores. Encontraram-se correlações elevadas entre informadores que observam a criança no mesmo contexto e baixas entre avaliações de adultos pertencentes a contextos diferentes. Os resultados são discutidos em função das suas possíveis implicações para a avaliação do temperamento de crianças. Abstract in english This study was intended to address the issue of convergence between informants (mother, father, regular teacher and special education teacher, whenever applicable) when assessing the temperament of children between 2 and 7 years old. The study was based on a sample of 138 children, distributed into [...] four groups with different developmental characteristics: Down syndrome, Autism, Premature Birth, and Normal Development. Informants filled in the Temperament Assessment Battery for Children - Revised in its parents' or teachers' versions. Whereas correlations between assessments made by adults of different contexts were low, high correlations were found between informants who observe the child in the same context. Results are discussed in terms of their possible implications for the assessment of children's temperament.

Maria João, Seabra-Santos; Margarida Sousa, Almeida.

280

Exploring education for digital librarians meaning, modes and models  

CERN Document Server

Exploring Education for Digital Librarians provides a refreshing perspective on the discipline and profession of Library and Information Science (LIS), with a focus on preparing students for careers as librarians who can deal with present and future digital information environments. A re-examination of the knowledge base of the field, combined with a proposed theoretical structure for LIS, provide the basis for this work, which also examines competencies for practice as well as some of the international changes in the nature of higher education. The authors finally suggest a model that could b

Myburgh, Sue

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Exploring new roles for librarians the research informationist  

CERN Document Server

Librarians have been providing support to researchers for many years, typically with a focus on responding to researchers' needs for access to the existing literature. However, librarians' skills and expertise make them uniquely suited to provide a wide range of assistance to researchers across the entire research process, from conception of the research question to archiving of collected data at the project's conclusion. In response to increasingly stringent demands on researchers to share their data, and as computationally intensive and primarily data-driven scientific methods begin to take

Federer, Lisa

2014-01-01

282

The Laughing Librarian A History of American Library Humor  

CERN Document Server

Despite the stodgy stereotypes, libraries and librarians themselves can be quite funny. The spectrum of library humor from sources inside and outside the profession ranges from the subtle wit of the New Yorker to the satire of Mad. This examination of American library humor over the past 200 years covers a wide range of topics and spans the continuum between light and dark, from parodies to portrayals of libraries and their staffs as objects of fear. It illuminates different types of librarians--the collector, the organization person, the keeper, the change agent--and explores stereotypes like

Smith, Jeanette C

2012-01-01

283

The role of a librarian in school research work  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The paper presents the process of the preparation of Poljane High School students for writing reserch papers and the role of the librarian at it. The librarian familiarizes students with the international ISO standars which prescribe the form and the composition of such a paper. She calls their attention to the proper way of putting down quotations and sources and to the protection of copyright. She shows them how to look for literature and information in various databases (local and COBISS catalogue, WWW services, ....

Milena Bon

1999-01-01

284

76 FR 72003 - Proposed Collection, Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Grant Program Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

...HUMANITIES Proposed Collection, Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Grant Program Evaluation...proposed study of the impacts of the Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Grant Program...conduct a program evaluation of the Laura Bush 21st Century Librarian Grant Program...

2011-11-21

285

Effective Parenting  

Science.gov (United States)

... Family Dynamics > Effective Parenting Family Life Listen Effective Parenting Article Body Now that our children are getting ... school play and his soccer games. Your Current Parenting Experiences Spend some time thinking about how you ...

286

Immigrant Parents Perceptions on Parenting  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The purpose of this thesis was to find out how immigrant parents in Finland view parenting and parenting practices. The aim was for them to describe what they understood as parenting and to examine if their perspective is in line with the Finnish norms on parental issues.

2011-01-01

287

Examining Teacher Perspectives of Creative Relaxation  

Science.gov (United States)

Middle school teachers display large amounts of stress affecting student academic achievement as well as the entire school environment (Clausen & Petruka, 2009; Stoeber & Rennert, 2008). For example, teacher stress may lead to student behavioral problems, poor teacher-parent relationships, conflicts with peers, and lack of teacher autonomy…

Froeschle, Janet G.; Crews, Charles R.

2010-01-01

288

The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Training for Children with ADHD and Mindful Parenting for their Parents  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study evaluated the effectiveness of an 8-week mindfulness training for children aged 8–12 with ADHD and parallel mindful parenting training for their parents. Parents (N = 22) completed questionnaires on their child’s ADHD and ODD symptoms, their own ADHD symptoms, parenting stress, parental overreactivity, permissiveness and mindful awareness before, immediately after the 8-week training and at 8-week follow-up. Teachers reported on ADHD and ODD behavior of the child. A within-gr...

Oord, Saskia; Bo?gels, Susan M.; Peijnenburg, Dorreke

2012-01-01

289

How One Library-less Librarian Got the Word Out.  

Science.gov (United States)

Narrates the employment experience of a professional bilingual/bicultural librarian who eventually took on the job of editing a special section in Spanish for an English-language newspaper in Calexico, California, a town with a 95 percent bilingual or monolingual (Spanish) population. (VT)

Ayala, Marta Stiefel

1978-01-01

290

Librarian as Professor: A Dynamic New Role Model  

Science.gov (United States)

The 20th century information explosion provided widespread technological innovation and ease of access to information, and due to the 21st century emphasis on digital collections and electronic resources, libraries around the world are facing an uncertain future. This naturally causes librarians to re-evaluate their professional role, but perhaps…

Loesch, Martha Fallahay

2010-01-01

291

The Role of the Acquisitions Librarian in Electronic Resources Management  

Science.gov (United States)

With the ongoing shift to electronic formats for library resources, acquisitions librarians, like the rest of the profession, must adapt to the rapidly changing landscape of electronic resources by keeping up with trends and mastering new skills related to digital publishing, technology, and licensing. The author sought to know what roles…

Pomerantz, Sarah B.

2010-01-01

292

Technology mediator: a new role for the reference librarian?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The Arizona Health Sciences Library has collaborated with clinical faculty to develop a federated search engine that is useful for meeting real-time clinical information needs. This article proposes a technology mediation role for the reference librarian that was inspired by the project, and describes the collaborative model used for developing technology-mediated services for targeted users.

Howse, David K.; Bracke, Paul J.; Keim, Samuel M.

2006-01-01

293

Technology mediator: a new role for the reference librarian?  

Science.gov (United States)

The Arizona Health Sciences Library has collaborated with clinical faculty to develop a federated search engine that is useful for meeting real-time clinical information needs. This article proposes a technology mediation role for the reference librarian that was inspired by the project, and describes the collaborative model used for developing technology-mediated services for targeted users. PMID:17040566

Howse, David K; Bracke, Paul J; Keim, Samuel M

2006-01-01

294

Twenty-First-Century Kids, Twenty-First-Century Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

Inspired by a new generation of librarians and children, Walter reconsiders the legacy passed on by the matriarchs of children's services and examines more recent trends and challenges growing out of changes in educational philosophy and information technology. This thoroughly researched book includes the current issues and trends of: (1)…

Walter, Virginia A.

2010-01-01

295

Librarian's Handbook for Seeking, Writing, and Managing Grants  

CERN Document Server

As times get tougher, grants become increasingly important to librarians seeking to maintain and expand facilities, programs, and resources. Unfortunately, tough times also mean tighter money and more hands reaching for the grants that do exist. Fortunately, there are things that can be done to enhance your institution's chances of getting the funds it needs.

Hall-Ellis, Sylvia D

2011-01-01

296

Competencies Required by Special Librarians: An Analysis by Educational Levels  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents the results of a study conducted with the aim of identifying competencies needed by special librarians in Iran at three different levels of library and information science education. A list of competencies was initially identified from the literature and 21 semi-structured interviews with managers of special libraries in Iran.…

Peyvand Robati, Alireza; Singh, Diljit

2013-01-01

297

Librarian Sabbatical Leaves: Do We Need to Get Out More?  

Science.gov (United States)

This article continues the conversation about librarian sabbatical participation. Analyses are based on quantitative and qualitative data gathered using an online questionnaire. While numerical results show little change in sabbatical participation over time, respondents had much to say about this topic. The author highlights common themes using…

Flaspohler, Molly R.

2009-01-01

298

De bibliotecas médicas y bibliotecarios / From medical libraries and librarians  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se brinda una panorámica sobre el origen del Día del Bibliotecario Cubano, el surgimiento de las bibliotecas en Cuba, y la evolución histórica y situación actual de la primera biblioteca médica de la provincia de Santiago de Cuba, con énfasis en la labor de sus bibliotecarias desde su apertura hasta [...] la fecha. Asimismo se abordan aspectos relacionados con los servicios ofrecidos en las bibliotecas de ciencias de la salud y las competencias que deben poseer sus bibliotecarios y documentalistas en el siglo XXI. Finalmente, se expresa el reconocimiento a aquellos compañeros que con tanto amor y dedicación iniciaron esta actividad, y facilitaron a los profesionales de ciencias de la salud del territorio el acceso a la información. Abstract in english An overview is provided of the origin of the Cuban Librarian´s Day, the emergence of libraries in Cuba, and the historical development and current situation of the first medical library in Santiago de Cuba province, with emphasis in the work of its librarians from their opening to date. Also aspects [...] related to the services offered in the libraries of the health sciences and the competences that its librarians and documentalists should have in the XXI century are discussed. Finally, the recognition is expressed to those partners who began this activity with so much love and dedication, and they facilitated the professionals of health sciences of the territory the access to the information.

Esther, Mayor Guerra; Elaine, Duperet Cabrera; Ileana, Castillo Asensio.

299

Using Learning Styles in Information Literacy: Critical Considerations for Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

Librarians are using learning styles as a tool to engage students and enhance their teaching. However, a review of the literature reveals that learning styles theory is complex and problematic. It is important to base our practice on sound pedagogy. This critical examination of learning styles explores the issues surrounding them and what they can…

Sanderson, Heather

2011-01-01

300

Private University Librarian's Experience on Procurement of Books in Bangladesh  

Science.gov (United States)

The private universities in Bangladesh are playing an important role in modernizing the higher education system in the country and the role of librarians is also different and challenging. Specially, procuring books and monographs is an exigent function being this lost its demand very quickly. In some cases, titles bear only one semester…

Chowdhury, Muhammad Hossam Haider

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
301

The Disembodied Librarian in the Digital Age, Part II.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses how four historical discontinuities (time and space, mind and body, real and virtual, and humans and technology) relate to new ways of being and thinking about the future of librarians and libraries. Topics include computers and books; entertainment industry growth; information uses; global economy effects; and future library…

Martell, Charles

2000-01-01

302

Centralization Versus Decentralization: A Location Analysis Approach for Librarians.  

Science.gov (United States)

One of the questions that seems to perplex many university and special librarians is whether to move in the direction of centralizing or decentralizing the library's collections and facilities. Presented is a theoretical approach, employing location theory, to the library centralization-decentralization question. Location theory allows the analyst…

Shishko, Robert; Raffel, Jeffrey

303

Children with Disabilities Playing Musical Instruments: With the Right Adaptations and Help from Their Teachers and Parents, Students with Disabilities Can Play Musical Instruments  

Science.gov (United States)

In this article, the authors share the story of Stephanie, a dyslexic student who experiences problems reading music. The authors recommend for music teachers to share the list of students wanting to play an instrument with special educators to find out if there are students who are receiving special education services, what their strengths and…

McCord, Kimberly; Fitzgerald, Margaret

2006-01-01

304

What Do Librarians Think about Marketing? A Survey of Public Librarians' Attitudes toward the Marketing of Library Services  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to identify attitudes of public librarians toward the marketing of library services and relate these attitudes to selected independent variables. A questionnaire was mailed to individual members of the New Jersey Library Association. Although most of the respondents had generally positive attitudes toward library…

Shontz, Marilyn L.; Parker, Jon C.; Parker, Richard

2004-01-01

305

Supporting Parenting  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Governments are showing more and more interest in providing services to parents to help them fulfil their parenting roles. But what does "good" parenting mean? How can policies to support parents best be adapted to local culture? What is the most appropriate way to critically evaluate these policies? This edition of Early Childhood in Focus addresses these questions by looking at examples of parenting support programmes from the UK, USA, Netherlands, New Zealand and Australia, and ide...

2010-01-01

306

Parent Involvement in a Low-Income Neighborhood Primary School: A Program Illustration.  

Science.gov (United States)

Implementation of the Parent Involvement Program at a low income neighborhood primary school involved training teachers; selecting and training the home-school liaison person and involving parents. Since its inception in 1979 participation of the approximately 400 parents in parent teacher conferences increased from about 0.5% to 100% and…

Henning-Stout, Mary; Goode, Linda A.

1986-01-01

307

Representaciones sociales sobre pediculosis en las profesoras, señoras de servicios generales, padres de familia y niños del jardín infantil de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Sede Bogotá / Social representations of peduculosis in teachers, general services employees, parents, and children of the childcare centre of the National University of Colombia in Bogotá  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Muñoz Torres, Esperanza (2007) Representaciones sociales sobre pediculosis en las profesoras, señoras de servicios generales, padres de familia y niños del jardín infantil de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Sede Bogotá / Social representations of peduculosis in teachers, general services employees, parents, and children of the childcare centre of the National University of Colombia in Bogotá. Maestría thesis, Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

2007-01-01

308

Job satisfaction of Jamaican elementary school teachers  

Science.gov (United States)

This study investigated correlates of job satisfaction among public (N=190) and private (N=100) Jamaican elementary school teachers. Emphasis was on the identification of factors that could be affected through administrative intervention. Results indicated that the quality of school working conditions and respondents' relationships with other teachers were significantly related to satisfaction for both public and private school teachers. School prestige and parental encouragement were also significant predictors for public school teachers; leadership style, organizational structure, and teacher-parent relationships predicted job satisfaction for private school teachers. Implications of these findings for Jamaican education are discussed.

Rodgers-Jenkinson, Fay; Chapman, David W.

1990-09-01

309

A Study Of Teacher Effectiveness And Job Satisfaction Of Secondary School Teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study concludes that all types of aided schools teachers are endowed with more teacher effectiveness than all types of govt. and non-aided school teachers, besides finding that aided school teachers have better professional and academic knowledge and better relationship with pupils, principals and parents.

Neetu Ohri

2013-11-01

310

The Parents' Choice Foundation  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents of young people today may find it difficult to sort the proverbial wheat from the chaff when it comes to locating and evaluating quality educational activities and entertainment for their children. Fortunately there is the Parents' Choice Foundation, which (since 1978) has served as a non-partisan evaluator of children's books, videos, toys, audio products, computer software, television, and magazines. Each year, the foundation releases lists of its recommended products, based on the opinions of teachers, parents, and, appropriately, young people themselves. The criteria for selection is quite rigorous, as the judges are looking for products that honor universal human values, teach with flair, stimulate imagination, inspire creativity, and above all do not "extol violence." On the website, visitors can examine lists of these products dating back to 1995, read about the current award winners, and examine themed reading lists, such as those dealing with science fiction and those designed especially with compel young boys to develop a love of reading.

311

The Future of the Map Library and Map Librarian  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Interest in maps and cartography is on the rise, partly spurred by new technologies such as Google Earth and Google Maps. But the new users, welcome as they are, do bring new challenges in terms of ease of use and speed of delivery. Therefore, LIBER's Groupe des Cartothécaires devoted its biennial conference to state-of-the-art technologies and concepts such as new retrieval techniques, Web 2.0 content, links with geospatial databases and FRBRisation to investigate their potential for and impact on map libraries and map librarians — whilst concluding that the particular expertise of a map librarian is as indispensable as ever. John Moore, the Group's Secretary, reports on the conference.

John N. Moore

2008-09-01

312

Distance Education as a New Possibility for Librarians in Estonia  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Since Estonia regained its independence in 1991, essential technical, economic, political and social changes have taken place here. All sectors of our economy require greater access to information than ever before. Complex changes are also facing libraries, librarians and education in Estonia. The systematic transition to modern information technology in Estonian libraries started in 1992 when a plan for establishing information system for libraries was worked out. According to the Plan, basi...

1997-01-01

313

Distance Education as a New Possibility for Librarians in Estonia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Since Estonia regained its independence in 1991, essential technical, economic, political and social changes have taken place here. All sectors of our economy require greater access to information than ever before. Complex changes are also facing libraries, librarians and education in Estonia. The systematic transition to modern information technology in Estonian libraries started in 1992 when a plan for establishing information system for libraries was worked out. According to the Plan, basic technology will be converted to modern information technology during the period 1996-2005. As a result of that plan 1500 workplaces with modern information technology will be established in 591 libraries in Estonia. At present there are 1284 libraries in Estonia, among them 604 public libraries, 745 school libraries, 141 special and research libraries. There are 3135 librarians working in Estonian libraries, of whom 48% are professionally educated. To define continuing education needs, a special questionnaire was used by the Estonian Librarians Association (ELA among the members of ELA in February 1996. Almost 300 librarians answered the questionnaire. The analysis of the results showed that education and training is needed mostly in the fields based on modern information technology. According to the results of the questionnaire and the development plan for Estonian libraries mentioned above, the demand for continuing professional education for library and information professionals with the knowledge and skills of modern information technology exists and will increase significantly. In order to help information professionals to keep abreast of the rapidly changing environment and to cope with growing continuing education needs, the Centre for Information Work was established within the Department of Information Studies at the Tallinn Pedagogical University (TPU in June 1995. In addition to traditional face-to-face courses, distance education as a new form and method of education has been implemented in the Centre.

Sirje Virkus

1997-01-01

314

Teen Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

... Teen > Dating & Sex > Teen Parents Ages & Stages Listen Teen Parents Article Body A girl who has decided ... prenatal vitamins and iron is so important. Preparing Teens For Parenthood Fears about the future are common ...

315

Parental Responsibility  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Parental responsibility can be broadly defined as a legal term that specifies rights and responsibilities of parents towards their children. It is usually given initially to the birth mother and the married father, though unmarried fathers can obtain it either with the agreement of the mother or through a court order. In accordance with the provisions in law the court can also transfer parental responsibility to other persons (e.g. adoptive parents) or in cases of child abuse or neglect to th...

Bain, Katrin

2009-01-01

316

Asian/Pacific Islander Librarians Career Choices: Demographics and Descriptive Analysis ???????????????????????????  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The study first reviews the history of Asian immigrants since 1850s and the significance of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 on current Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders (AAPI) population and demographics in the United States. Then the study summarizes previous research of AAPI librarians and conducts a new survey to inquire the status of AAPI librarians. From 91 completed surveys out of over 600 distributed, the study shows a demographic picture of AAPI librarians and lists fac...

??????????????? Jianzhong Zhou, Glen Zhou

2013-01-01

317

Digital Native Academic Librarians, Technology Skills, and Their Relationship with Technology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A new generation of academic librarians, who are a part of the Millennial Generation born between 1982 and 2001 are now of the age to either be in graduate school or embarking on their careers. This paper, as part of a larger study examining Millennial academic librarians, their career selection, their attitudes, and their technology skills, looks specifically at the technology skills and attitudes towards technology among a group of young librarians and library school students.  The autho...

Emanuel, Jenny University Of Illinois

2013-01-01

318

Children and Place: Reggio Emilia's Environment as Third Teacher  

Science.gov (United States)

Education is often understood as the sole responsibility of parents and teachers. Reggio Emilia identifies a 3rd teacher between child, teacher, and parent: the environment. In its attention to how space can be thoughtfully arranged, Reggio Emilia has reconceptualized space as a key source of educational provocation and insight. In what ways does…

Strong-Wilson, Teresa; Ellis, Julia

2007-01-01

319

Teachers' Perceptions of the Impact of Online Grading Systems  

Science.gov (United States)

This study examined the effects of the communication aspect of using an online grading program. This study explored teachers' perceptions of the implications of allowing the grading process to become transparent to parents. The purpose of this study was to assist teachers in searching for ways to create a positive parent-teacher relationship. A…

Mize, Brenda

2011-01-01

320

THE CURRENT JOB MARKET FOR THE LIBRARIAN IN THE STATE OF CEARA  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aims to meet the general fields of effective participation of librarians in Ceará. Specific objectives: a identify the spaces occupied by librarians working in Ceará state, b check what the requirements and needs of the labor market for librarian c identify the market sectors that absorb most of the labor- librarian work and d to characterize the job market for librarians in the state of Ceará. In theoretical talk about the profession in Library (the concept of profession, the profession of librarian and librarian and the labor market. Regarding methodology, we use the literature in order to select material for later use in the theory on the subject. To collect data we used the questionnaire in a semi-open, which was applied to librarians Ceará recorded in the CRB-3, through the tool Google Docs. We conclude, through most of the answers that the job market for librarians in Ceará is predominantly traditional, composed of university libraries of private institutions, paying between U.S. $ 1,001.00 to $ 2,000.00 for professionals who work 40 hours per week. We also notice that the labor market demands of professional administrative and technical functions; mostly requires only supports graduate and professional continuing education, among other features.

Hamilton Rodrigues Tabosa

2011-07-01

 
 
 
 
321

Academic health sciences librarians' contributions to institutional animal care and use committees*†  

Science.gov (United States)

The study gathered data about librarians' membership in institutional animal care and use committees (IACUCs) and their professional activities supporting animal researchers. Libraries affiliated with medical schools that were members of the Association of American Medical Colleges were surveyed. A survey was distributed via library directors' email discussion lists and direct email messages. Sixty surveys were completed: 35 (58%) reported that librarians performed database searches for researchers, and 22 (37%) reported that a librarian currently serves on the IACUC. The survey suggests that academic health sciences librarians provide valuable, yet underutilized, services to support animal research investigators.

Steelman, Susan C.

2014-01-01

322

Academic health sciences librarians' contributions to institutional animal care and use committees.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study gathered data about librarians' membership in institutional animal care and use committees (IACUCs) and their professional activities supporting animal researchers. Libraries affiliated with medical schools that were members of the Association of American Medical Colleges were surveyed. A survey was distributed via library directors' email discussion lists and direct email messages. Sixty surveys were completed: 35 (58%) reported that librarians performed database searches for researchers, and 22 (37%) reported that a librarian currently serves on the IACUC. The survey suggests that academic health sciences librarians provide valuable, yet underutilized, services to support animal research investigators. PMID:25031565

Steelman, Susan C; Thomas, Sheila L

2014-07-01

323

Embracing Asperger's: A Primer for Parents and Professionals  

Science.gov (United States)

Parents and teachers of children with Asperger's know only too well the feeling that they are not quite reaching the child, not quite hearing or getting it, not communicating just right, or at all. Offering rich insights into what Asperger's is like for the child himself or herself, this compassionate book will empower parents and teachers,…

Bromfield, Richard

2011-01-01

324

[Parenting styles].  

Science.gov (United States)

Parental educational styles constitute one of the key elements of family socialization. The aim of the present essay is to present the results of a research project carried out in the Principality of Asturias (Spain) among 2,965 families with children of infant and primary-school age (5-8 years old). This research attempts to analyse, among other aspects, parental behaviour tendencies in child upbringing. The analysis of the results obtained allows us to: 1) identify the most common attitudinal and behavioural tendencies of parents in the upbringing of their children; 2) determine how many people have a well defined parental style, and delimit their socio-educational characteristics. Lastly, we consider the need to change some parental behaviour patterns and stress the importance of family education programmes, with the aim of promoting appropriate parenting models and modifying or improving current practices. PMID:18206067

Torío López, Susana; Peña Calvo, José Vicente; Inda Caro, Mercedes

2008-02-01

325

Parental Expressivity and Parenting Styles in Chinese Families: Prospective and Unique Relations to Children's Psychological Adjustment.  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVES: Parents from different cultures differ in how frequently they express emotions. However, the generalizability of the relations between parental expressivity and child adjustment in non-Western cultures has not been extensively studied. The goal of the present study was to investigate prospective relations between parental expressivity within the family (positive, negative dominant, and negative submissive expressivity) and Chinese children's psychological adjustment, above and beyond parenting styles. DESIGN: The study used two waves (3.8 years apart) of longitudinal data from a sample (n= 425) of children in Beijing (mean ages = 7.7 years at T1 and 11.6 years at T2). Parental expressivity and parenting styles were self-reported. To reduce the potential measurement overlap, items that tap parental expression of emotions toward the child were removed from the parenting style measure. Children's adjustment was measured with parents', teachers', and peers' or children's reports. RESULTS: Consistent with findings with European American samples, parental negative dominant expressivity uniquely and positively predicted Chinese children's externalizing problems controlling for prior externalizing problems, parenting styles, and family SES. Neither parental expressivity nor parenting styles uniquely predicted social competence. CONCLUSIONS: Despite previously reported cultural differences in the mean levels of parental expressivity, some of the socialization functions of parental expressivity found in Western countries can be generalized to Chinese families. Although parental expressivity and parenting styles are related constructs, their unique relations to child's adjustment suggest that they should be examined as distinct processes. PMID:23226715

Chen, Stephen H; Zhou, Qing; Eisenberg, Nancy; Valiente, Carlos; Wang, Yun

2011-01-01

326

Parental separation and children’s behavioral/emotional problems: the impact of parental representations and family conflict  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In this longitudinal study, we examine whether the effect of parental separation on kindergarten children’s behavioral/emotional problems varies according to the level of family conflict, and children’s parental representations. One hundred and eighty seven children were assessed at ages 5 and 6. Family conflict was assessed using parents’ ratings. Children’s parental representations were assessed using a story-stem task. A multiinformant approach (parent, teacher, child) was employed...

Stadelmann, S.; Perren, S.; Groeben, M.; Von Klitzing, K.

2010-01-01

327

Parental Influence on Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: I. Relationships Between Parent Behaviors and Child Peer Status  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

We examined associations between children's peer relationships and (a) their parents' social competence as well as (b) their parents' behaviors during the children's peer interactions. Participants were families of 124 children ages 6–10 (68% male), 62 with ADHD and 62 age- and sex-matched comparison youth. Children's peer relationships were assessed via parent and teacher report, and sociometric nominations in a lab-based playgroup. Parental characteristics were assessed via parent self-re...

Mikami, Amori Yee; Jack, Allison; Emeh, Christina C.; Stephens, Haley F.

2010-01-01

328

"Infonomics" of working at home - for a (reference librarian  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Progress in information-communication technology (IT has made new ways of working at home possible, above ali teleworking. It is very important for a (reference librarian to consider (disadvantages of such working - but economics is of cruical importance to an employer, especially economics of IT which is professionally called "infonomics". The paper deals with given relations between employers (to support decision making and employees (to think about. The value analysis takes into consideration proportion of expences of the same kind for the real an virtual home office.

Marko Nemec-Pe?jak

1997-01-01

329

Counseling Talented Teachers.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discussion of counseling needs of gifted learners reviews the literature on affective and self-concept issues and discusses strategies for addressing students' psychosocial, academic counseling, and career counseling needs. Counselor, parent, and teacher roles are addressed. Tables link student characteristics to counseling approaches, counseling…

VanTassel-Baska, Joyce

1997-01-01

330

Content analysis study of librarian blogs: Professional development and other uses  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A content analysis of leading librarian blogs shows how blogs are used for professional development, political advocacy for libraries, research and other information dissemination uses. An examination of blog posts, comments, and blogger responses to reader comments show major areas of interaction. Unstructured interviews with librarian bloggers illuminate how these bloggers view the role of their blogs now and into the future.

Jackson-brown, Grace M. Missouri State University

2013-01-01

331

A Short Course on Patent Reference for Science and Technology Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

Now that the full text of patents as well as patent searching tools are available for free on the Internet, every librarian who is responsible for assisting people with science and technology information should have a basic knowledge of this aspect of intellectual property. Whether a school librarian helping children discover the world of…

Shackle, Linda

2009-01-01

332

The Effect of Economic Recession on Institutional Support for Tenure-Track Librarians in ARL Institutions  

Science.gov (United States)

The objective of this study was to reveal how the national economic recession has affected the nature and extent of support for tenure track librarians at Association of Research Libraries (ARL) member institutions. The authors surveyed 43 ARL Deans and University Librarians to discover the criteria for achieving tenure and the current…

Blessinger, Kelly; Costello, Gina

2011-01-01

333

37 CFR 251.53 - Report to the Librarian of Congress.  

Science.gov (United States)

... false Report to the Librarian of Congress. 251.53 Section 251.53 Patents...Copyrights COPYRIGHT OFFICE, LIBRARY OF CONGRESS COPYRIGHT ARBITRATION ROYALTY PANEL...251.53 Report to the Librarian of Congress. (a) At any time after the...

2009-07-01

334

Commitment and Trust in Librarian-Faculty Relationships: A Systematic Review of the Literature  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: The goal of this study was to examine the methodologies used to study librarian-faculty relationships and to use the Key Mediating Variable model (KMV) of The Trust and Commitment Theory of Relationship Marketing to assess the quality of the librarian-faculty relationship as it has been portrayed in the literature. Relationship…

Phelps, Sue F.; Campbell, Nicole

2012-01-01

335

Expectations, Realities, and Perceptions of Subject Specialist Librarians' Duties in Medium-Sized Academic Libraries  

Science.gov (United States)

This study surveys 138 librarians in 21 medium-sized academic libraries to identify time on tasks and value of tasks to address problems between the expectations of library administrators and the perceptions of librarians to their job descriptions. The results validate that the administration's expectations are within the norm.

McAbee, Sonja L.; Graham, John-Bauer

2005-01-01

336

Assessing the Effectiveness of a Model for Educating Rural Librarians in Using Internet Resources.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes a model for training rural librarians in the use of information resources available on the Internet and reports on a study to assess the impact of the model on implementing and promoting Internet resources. Findings suggest that the model was effective in empowering librarians to act as change agents. The questionnaire is appended.…

Senkevitch, Judith J.; Wolfram, Dietmar

1996-01-01

337

Mobile Devices and Their Use in Library Professional Practice: The Health Librarian and the Ipad  

Science.gov (United States)

Mobile devices are being extensively adopted by health sciences faculty, students, and practitioners, but there is little evidence of how this technology is being used by health librarians in their own professional practice. In 2011, health sciences librarians at the University of Saskatchewan undertook a project to familiarize themselves with…

Duncan, Vicky; Kumaran, Maha; Lê, Mê-Linh; Murphy, Susan

2013-01-01

338

Merchandising Library Materials to Young Adults. Libraries Unlimited Professional Guides for Young Adult Librarians Series.  

Science.gov (United States)

By addressing the concept of merchandising, this handbook shows librarians how to turn their young adult collection into one that will attract teenagers. Delivering an introduction to marketing and merchandising concepts, the author shares years of experience as a teen services librarian, combined with the latest studies and research findings on…

Nichols, Mary Anne

339

Preparing Science Librarians for Success: An Evaluation of Position Advertisements and Recommendations for Library Science Curricula  

Science.gov (United States)

Science librarianship is a rapidly changing professional specialization that requires unique skills and experiences for science librarians to perform at the highest level. A content analysis of recent job advertisements was conducted to determine the most desirable qualifications for science librarians. It was found that the most frequently cited…

DeArmond, A. R.; Oster, A. D.; Overhauser, E. A.; Palos, M. K.; Powell, S. M.; Sago, K. K.; Schelling, L. R.

2009-01-01

340

The Timing of the Research Question: First-Year Writing Faculty and Instruction Librarians' Differing Perspectives  

Science.gov (United States)

Faculty and librarians agree on the qualities of a good research question. However, in an exploratory study, they differed on when students should develop their research question. While librarians stated that students should develop their question early, first-year writing faculty advocated for delaying the development of the research question.…

Nutefall, Jennifer E.; Ryder, Phyllis Mentzell

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
341

We're All In This Together: Planning and Leading a Retreat for Teaching Librarians.  

Science.gov (United States)

Discusses changes in library instruction programs to focus on information literacy and describes the process at Emerson College that was designed to help librarians who teach library instruction. Explains goals and activities that culminated in a retreat for teaching librarians that addressed faculty relationships, successes and failures in…

Litten, Anna

2002-01-01

342

Standards for Effective Library and Information Service and Continuing Education for Librarians.  

Science.gov (United States)

The role of the State Library Association in developing continuing education opportunities for librarians is discussed. Library standards usually specify a trained and competent staff; to maintain appropriate levels requires a well organized continuing education program. The return of librarians to higher education is not advocated, but a concern…

McCabe, Gerard B.

343

Reference Librarians at the Reference Desk in a Learning Commons: A Mixed Methods Evaluation  

Science.gov (United States)

At the University of Massachusetts Amherst's W.E.B. Du Bois Library's Learning Commons, only reference librarians staff the Reference and Research Assistance Desk. Surveys, a focus group, reference question transcriptions, and question-type tallies indicate that this service model is strongly preferred by users and librarians over the previous…

Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth B.; Moore, Anne C.; Lang, Beth W.

2008-01-01

344

National Board Certified School Librarians' Leadership in Technology Integration: Results of a National Survey  

Science.gov (United States)

In an effort to address the lack of empirical knowledge about the school librarians' role in technology, the Institute for Museum and Library Services funded Project Leadership-in-Action (LIA) to study leadership practices of school librarians. This current grant project includes a survey of the technology integration practices of school…

Everhart, Nancy; Mardis, Marcia A.; Johnston, Melissa

2011-01-01

345

Valuing Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

Recently, a young faculty member commented that e-mail and inexpensive long distance rates were hampering her first-year students' development by making it too easy for them to stay in touch with their parents. Similarly, Judith Shapiro, president of Barnard College, argued in her August 22, 2002, New York Times op-ed piece, "Keeping Parents Off…

Gerdes, Eugenia Proctor

2004-01-01

346

Comunicação e inclusão de crianças com alterações de linguagem de origem neurológica na perspectiva de pais e educadores Communication and inclusion of children with language disorders due to neurologic aspects from the perspective of parents and teachers  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O sistema de educação brasileiro tem passado por diversas transformações em prol de mudanças que proporcionem uma política inclusiva. Estudos relativos à comunicação e inclusão de crianças com alterações de linguagem de origem neurológica necessitam, no entanto, de maior atenção, particularmente no âmbito da Fonoaudiologia. Tendo em vista buscar maiores subsídios de como o profissional desta área pode contribuir no processo de inclusão, o objetivo deste estudo é investigar as expectativas, dificuldades e facilidades encontradas pelas famílias e educadoras de crianças com alterações de linguagem em acompanhamento fonoaudiológico. O corpus constitui-se de 11 crianças, 12 familiares e 7 educadoras. Realizou-se a coleta de dados, por meio de estudo do prontuário institucional das crianças, e entrevistas semi-estruturadas distintas com os familiares e educadoras, gravadas em vídeo e transcritas ortograficamente. Os dados foram analisados à luz dos referenciais teóricos que respaldam esta pesquisa. Os resultados mostram dificuldades na inserção de algumas crianças na rede regular, particularmente, daquelas com maior comprometimento de linguagem, além de questionamentos quanto à formação do educador e preparo das instituições de ensino para receber tal população. Verificam-se avanços neste processo, expressos pela inclusão da maioria dos sujeitos na escola regular e por maior abertura institucional, evidenciada pelas referências de troca de informações/experiências entre pais, educadoras e fonoaudiólogos. Os achados corroboram, na perspectiva dos familiares e das educadoras, a necessidade do acompanhamento terapêutico especializado e evidenciam que a Fonoaudiologia pode contribuir, nos aspectos de comunicação e de alimentação, no processo de inclusão.The Brazilian educational system has been going through several modifications to answer to changes in inclusive policies. Studies regarding communication and inclusion of children with language disorders due to neurological causes require further attention, specifically in Speech-Language and Hearing Sciences. For the purpose of finding out how professionals in this field can contribute to the inclusion process, the aim of the study is to investigate the expectations, difficulties and support encountered by families and teachers of those children who undergo Speech-Language Pathology therapy. The corpus is composed of 11 children, 12 parents and 7 educators. The data was collected through the study of the children files, as well as from semi-structured interviews with families and teachers, video-recorded and transcribed orthographically. The data was analyzed according to references that support this study. The results show challenges in including some of the children in regular schools, particularly those with the most severe language disorders. There were also issues related to the preparation of the educators and the preparedness of some of the schools that received these students. Nevertheless, the study demonstrated that there have been advances, expressed by the inclusion of most of these children in regular schools and by greater willingness of the schools to receive these students. This finding was deduced from references to parents, educators and Speech-Language Pathologists sharing of information and experiences. From the perspective of the families and teachers, the findings point to the need for specialized health assistance and highlight the contribution of the Speech-Language and Hearing Sciences in communication and feeding in the process of inclusion.

Érica Mayumi Takase

2010-08-01

347

The librarian's role in an enrichment program for high school students interested in the health professions.  

Science.gov (United States)

Librarians from the University of South Alabama Biomedical Library partnered to participate in a program that targets minority students interested in health care with instruction in information literacy. Librarians participate in the summer enrichment programs designed to encourage minority students to enter health care professions by enhancing their preparation. The curriculum developed by the Biomedical Library librarians is focused on developing information searching skills. Students indicated that the library segment helped them in their library research efforts and helped them make more effective use of available resources. Librarians involved report a sense of self-satisfaction as the program allows them to contribute to promoting greater diversity in health care professions. Participating in the summer enrichment program has been beneficial to the students and librarians. PMID:23394421

Rossini, Beverly; Burnham, Judy; Wright, Andrea

2013-01-01

348

Emotional Autonomy and Perceived Parenting Styles: Relational Analysis in the Hong Kong Cultural Context  

Science.gov (United States)

Three hundred and seven teacher education students of a Hong Kong university were administered two questionnaires, one measuring emotional autonomy (EAS) and the other measuring perceived parenting styles (PAQ) of their parents. It was found that the Hong Kong teacher education students tended to be autonomous and they characterized their parents

Chan, Kwok Wai; Chan, Siu Mui

2009-01-01

349

Preparing Tomorrow's Teachers: Meeting the Challenge of Diverse Family Structures.  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher education programs must help teachers handle children from diverse family backgrounds. Knowledge of family structures, acceptance of changes, and techniques for improving communication with parents should be included in preservice and inservice teacher education. Children's literature provides one way for teacher educators to increase…

Midkiff, Ruby Bostick; Lawler-Prince, Dianne

1992-01-01

350

Parental Responsibility  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Parental responsibility can be broadly defined as a legal term that specifies rights and responsibilities of parents towards their children. It is usually given initially to the birth mother and the married father, though unmarried fathers can obtain it either with the agreement of the mother or through a court order. In accordance with the provisions in law the court can also transfer parental responsibility to other persons (e.g. adoptive parents or in cases of child abuse or neglect to the state, represented by local authority social services. While the concept of parental responsibility can be found in most countries, the exact terminology varies from one country to another, as well as over time.

Bain, Katrin

2009-07-01

351

Involving Parents in the Schools: A Process of Empowerment.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 4-year ethnographic study in Carpinteria, California, examined the school district's parental involvement activities for their effectiveness with lower-class Spanish-speaking parents. Research at three elementary schools included observations of traditional activities, such as parent-teacher conferences and open house, and non-conventional…

Delgado-Gaitan, Concha

352

Parents' Reading-Related Knowledge and Children's Reading Acquisition  

Science.gov (United States)

Teacher reading-related knowledge (phonological awareness and phonics knowledge) predicts student reading, however little is known about the reading-related knowledge of parents. Participants comprised 70 dyads (children from kindergarten and grade 1 and their parents). Parents were administered a questionnaire tapping into reading-related…

Ladd, Megan; Martin-Chang, Sandra; Levesque, Kyle

2011-01-01

353

Title 1, ESEA. Working with Schools: A Parents' Handbook.  

Science.gov (United States)

This handbook offers practical suggestions on how parents can be better teachers at home and help their children learn better at school. Ways in which parents can work with the schools to insure the best possible education for children are discussed. The first of five sections deal with parents' rights and responsibilities in relationship to their…

Bureau of School Systems (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Education for the Disadvantaged.

354

Parental Acceptance of Digital Game-Based Learning  

Science.gov (United States)

In research about digital game-based learning, the likely negative perceptions of parents are often enlisted as a barrier toward the adoption of games in classroom settings. Teachers, students and policy makers appear to be influenced by what parents think about games in the classroom. Therefore, it is important to study these parental beliefs…

Bourgonjon, Jeroen; Valcke, Martin; Soetaert, Ronald; de Wever, Bram; Schellens, Tammy

2011-01-01

355

Enhancing access to health information in Africa: a librarian's perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years, tremendous progress has been made toward providing health information in Africa, in part because of technological advancements. Nevertheless, ensuring that information is accessible, comprehensible, and usable remains problematic, and there remain needs in many settings to address issues such as computer skills, literacy, and the infrastructure to access information. To determine how librarians might play a more strategic role in meeting information needs of health professionals in Africa, the author reviewed key components of information systems pertinent to knowledge management for the health sector, including access to global online resources, capacity to use computer technology for information retrieval, information literacy, and the potential for professional networks to play a role in improving access to and use of information. The author concluded that, in regions that lack adequate information systems, librarians could apply their knowledge and skills to facilitate access and use by information seekers. Ensuring access to and use of health information can also be achieved by engaging organizations and associations working to enhance access to health information, such as the Association for Health Information and Libraries in Africa. These groups can provide assistance through training, dissemination, information repackaging, and other approaches known to improve information literacy. PMID:22724668

Gathoni, Nasra

2012-01-01

356

Research activity of the youth in Ljubljana and librarians  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The collected data on the research activity in primary and secondary schools of Ljubljana shows that the majority of schools enable their students to engage in these activities. The research covers all fields of science, although the definitions of these have not been uniform, which renders them incomparable with each other, particularly when the researcher is followed up through different periods of life. The support available for this activity is relatively good, as compared to its insufficient promotion and use, not only in schools and libraries but also in a broader environment. The mentorship in research projects should also include librarians of different library types, participating in the research activity of the youth on an equal footing, as co-mentors. Adequate knowledge of the research activity of the youth along with permanent education of both mentors and librarians should contribute to quantitative and qualitative advances in the acquisition and use of different publications and other sources of information. By adopting uniform criteria for work and definition of youth research processes we could obtain more professionally relevant and comparable results.

Lenka Perko

2000-01-01

357

Discursividades sobre o bibliotecário / Discourses on the librarian  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Nosso objetivo, neste artigo, é pensar as discursividades que circulam sobre o bibliotecário, nos espaços denominados bibliotecas comunitárias, instituições informacionais de grande relevância cultural e social, que, muitas vezes, não contêm esse profissional no quadro de funcionários. Em nossas ref [...] lexões, temos o intuito de: i) apresentar uma breve discussão conceitual sobre essas bibliotecas, organizações que permitem inscrições discursivas tão particulares, principalmente em locais muito carentes de apoio informacional; e ii) realizar um trabalho de escuta dos sentidos que são discursivizados acerca do profissional bibliotecário, com base nos conceitos da análise do discurso (AD) de filiação pecheuxtiana. Abstract in english In this paper, think about the discourses that circulate in the space called the librarian community libraries, institutions of great informational social and cultural relevance, often don't contain this professional staff. In our reflections, we have the aim of: i) provide a brief conceptual discus [...] sion about these libraries, organizations that provide such specific discursive inscriptions, especially in very poor informational support, ii) perform a job of listening to the meanings that are concerning discourse professional librarian, based on the concepts of the French Discourse Analysis.

Gustavo Grandini, Bastos; Fernanda Correa Silveira, Galli; Lucília Maria Sousa, Romão.

358

On the Salary Policy of Librarian Kütüphanecilerin Özlük Haklar? Üzerine  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The problems derived from economic ve social factors and deficiencies in public personnel regime in Turkey are negatively affecting the salary policy of civil servants. This situation is also affecting librarians. The validity of opinion that librarianship should be accepted as a Technical Service to get more salary, is open to criticism. This paper asserts that Class of Education and Teaching Services is the most suitable class for librarians because of the job done. The paper concludes that it is necessary to make radical changes in public personnel regime for solving the problems related to salary. Türkiye'de ekonomik ve sosyal etkenlerden kaynaklanan sorunlar ile kamu personel rejimindeki aksakl?klar, kamu görevlilerine yönelik ücret politikas?n? olumsuz yönden etkilemektedir. Bu durum kütüphanecilere de yans?maktad?r. Bu meslek grubunun daha yüksek ücret alabilmesi için teknik hizmetler s?n?f?na geçirilmesi görü?ünün geçerlili?i tart??maya aç?kt?r. Mevcut personel rejimi içinde kütüphanecilere en uygun s?n?f?n e?itim ve ö?retim hizmetleri oldu?u dü?ünülmektedir. Ücrete ili?kin sorunlar?n çözümü için kamu personel rejiminde köklü de?i?ikliklere gereksinim vard?r.

Ahmet Çelik

1999-06-01

359

On the Salary Policy of Librarian Kütüphanecilerin Özlük Haklar? Üzerine  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The problems derived from economic ve social factors and deficiencies in public personnel regime in Turkey are negatively affecting the salary policy of civil servants. This situation is also affecting librarians. The validity of opinion that librarianship should be accepted as a Technical Service to get more salary, is open to criticism. This paper asserts that Class of Education and Teaching Services is the most suitable class for librarians because of the job done. The paper concludes that it is necessary to make radical changes in public personnel regime for solving the problems related, to salary. Türkiye'de ekonomik ve sosyal etkenlerden kaynaklanan sorunlar ile kamu personel rejimindeki aksakl?klar, kamu görevlilerine yönelik ücret politikas?n? olumsuz yönden etkilemektedir. Bu durum kütüphanecilere de yans?maktad?r. Bu meslek grubunun daha yüksek ücret alabilmesi için teknik hizmetler s?n?f?na geçirilmesi görü?ünün geçerlili?i tart??maya aç?kt?r. Mevcut personel rejimi içinde kütüphanecilere en uygun s?n?f?n e?itim ve ö?retim hizmetleri oldu?u dü?ünülmektedir. Ücrete ili?kin sorunlar?n çözümü için kamu personel rejiminde köklü de?i?ikliklerde gereksinim vard?r.

Ahmet Çelik

1999-09-01

360

Teacher-School Library Media Specialist Collaboration through Social Marketing Strategies: An Information Behavior Study  

Science.gov (United States)

This research was supported in part though an IMLS Kent State University Grant supporting Information Literacy. Based on the importance of teacher-school library media specialist collaboration, this study seeks to advance knowledge involving the dynamics of this special relationship. The subjects were a group of student librarians--themselves…

Immroth, Barbara; Lukenbill, W. Bernard

2007-01-01

 
 
 
 
361

A Caring Teacher: Explorations into Primary School Teachers' Professional Identity and Ethic of Care.  

Science.gov (United States)

Explored elementary teachers' conceptions of caring within teaching, discussing the relevance of an ethic of caring. Teacher interviews and drawings suggested that teachers understood caring in many ways (commitment, relatedness, physical care, affection, parenting, and mothering). Both women and men employed an ethic of care when reflecting on…

Vogt, Franziska

2002-01-01

362

Parental Self-Confidence, Parenting Styles, and Corporal Punishment in Families of ADHD Children in Iran  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: This study examines the relationship between parental self-confidence, warmth, and involvement, and corporal punishment in families of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: The diagnosis of ADHD was established through clinical interviews with the parents, children, and teachers, according the criteria…

Alizadeh, Hamid; Applequist, Kimberly F.; Coolidge, Frederick L.

2007-01-01

363

Working Parents  

Science.gov (United States)

... Children > Family Life > Work & Play > Working Parents Family Life ... the typical American family, only the father worked outside the home. Usually the mother was the homemaker and was there to greet ...

364

Effects of a universal parenting program for highly adherent parents: A propensity score matching approach  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This paper examines the effectiveness of a group-based universal parent training program as a strategy to improve parenting practices and prevent child problem behavior. In a dissemination trial, 56 schools were first selected through a stratified sampling procedure, and then randomly allocated to treatment conditions. 819 parents of year 1 primary school children in 28 schools were offered Triple P. 856 families in 28 schools were allocated to the control condition. Teacher, primary caregive...

Eisner, M. P.; Nagin, D.; Ribeaud, D.; Malti, T.

2012-01-01

365

Librarians and occupational therapy faculty: a collaboration for teaching evidence-based practice.  

Science.gov (United States)

Students in allied health educational programs learn evidence-based practice (EBP) skills, yet often do not consistently utilize these skills as practitioners. Barriers to implementing EBP include time pressures and lack of skill. This descriptive study explains how librarians can teach information literacy skills and strengthen knowledge of EBP in graduate occupational therapy (OT) students. The goal of the study was to evaluate students' perception of the effectiveness of learning activities about EBP, and librarians' perception of the value of teaching in an OT curriculum. Sixty-three students at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio read articles and learned didactic information from OT faculty and librarians about EBP. Students researched intervention questions and electronically sent searches to librarians for feedback. Students applied skills by researching an intervention of their choice. Evaluative data were collected from students in 2009 and 2010 and from librarians in 2009. Both groups rated the learning experiences highly. Students felt the learning experiences improved their effectiveness in carrying out EBP. Librarians valued the experience of teaching information literacy to OT students. These results support other studies showing librarians' effectiveness in developing EBP skills in students. Recommendations are given about using journal clubs and secondary literature to ensure the use of EBP at the workplace. PMID:22544409

Vogel, Kimberly A

2012-01-01

366

Emphases of Parenting in the Light of Three Comparison Groups  

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Full Text Available Parenthood is a phenomenon that is not easy to research. This study analyzed the emphases of parenting in the light of three comparison groups. The research was grounded on Bradley’s (2007 theory of six fundamental parenting tasks. This was a case study focusing in one second-grade classroom. The teacher, 18 parents, and 19 pupils were recruited in the study. The data comprised three sets as well: questionnaires for parents, pupils’ essays and drawings, and the teacher interview. The data were collected in 2012. The analysis represented theory-led content analysis. The results showed that the emphases of parenting tasks varied among the comparison groups and the emphases are illustrated in a triangle showing the variation. The most important task was the present parent who loves the children, and discusses and gives time for them. The role of parental love as the fundamental basis of parenting is discussed.

Ella Laukkanen

2014-02-01

367

PRT-LIBN: The Philosophy - Religion - Theology Librarians' Email Discussion List  

Science.gov (United States)

PRT-LIBN is a new moderated electronic mailing list created as a forum for librarians to discuss "the collection, storage, and dissemination of information within a library setting for the fields of Philosophy, Religion, and Theology." The list will also post employment opportunities, calls for papers, and conference announcements. PRT-LIBN is edited by Gary Klein, a librarian at Willamette University, and owned by Daniel Lester, a librarian at Boise State University. To subscribe, send a message to: listserv@listserv.boisestate.edu In the body of the message, type: subscribe PRT-LIBN firstname lastname

1999-01-01

368

Social Marketing and the School Library: An Effective Path to Collaboration? A Review of: Immroth, Barbara and W. Bernard Lukenbill. “Teacher-School Library Media Specialist Collaboration through Social Marketing Strategies: An Information Behavior Study.” School Library Media Research 10 (2007. 22 April 2008 .  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – The study attempted to apply the strategies of social marketing theory to collaboration between school librarians andteachers. Design – Based on the 1972 theory of social marketing by Zaltman, Kotler and Kaufman, a cohort of students in a graduate-level practicum established a collaborative unit with selected teachers within their school. In addition, two focus groups were conducted in alternate schools to gauge the overall attitudes of teachers toward collaboration with school librarians.Subjects – Students (student librarians in a graduate-level certification class for Texas school librarians, and both teachers and librarians in host schools/districts for the graduate students’ practicum experiences Methods – Researchers used qualitative approaches, both case study and focus groups, to gather data about the collaborative interactions between teachers and school librarians. The interactions were designed using the social marketing AIDA model (Attention, Interest, Desire, and Action. Social marketing, based on models of commercial marketing, assumes that social goodwill is a motivator for establishing interactions between groups – or selling a service that is for the greater good. Students in a graduate-level practicum were instructed to develop a strategy based on the AIDA model to elicit and carry out a collaborative unit with teachers in their host schools. They were given specific guidelines by the principal investigators that included:• Instructions for designing announcements, leaflets, and conferences as marketing strategies • Instructional unit designs for subject content and information literacy skills• Incentive payments of $200 to be used for library resources as anincentive to collaborate.• The steps to engaging in the collaborative process • Procedural guidelines for taking field notes, unobtrusive observations and informal evidence.Summative evaluation was based on a reflective journaling exercise by both student librarian and teacher. Measurements and recordings were analysed using accepted case study methods.Main Results – Social Marketing Model The researchers evaluated the study in each of the four aspects of the Social Marketing Model.Attention (A – Gaining Attention and Convincing. Efforts to gain attention through student choices of flyers to teachers were not successful. E-mail announcements were more effective, but it appeared that direct librarian-teacher contact was the most effective. The monetary incentive also did not appear to have an effect on response rate. Host librarians did make suggestions regarding the appropriateness of when and how to distribute the flyers in some cases. Researchers concluded that perhaps such a straightforward advertising approach did not fit in the established relationships, and may be a better choice for new librarians who are establishing their presence in schools.Interest (I - Promoting Interest in Services and/or Products - Researchers noted that initial strategies did not promote interest in the field study project. Teachers cited time and test–related curriculum restraints, and viewed the project as an “extra” responsibility. The researchers note the need to establish the value of the collaborative instruction to long-term goals for both teachers and librarians. The focus groups showed more interest in collaboration, and an awareness of the value of librarians’ collaboration in promoting effective teaching and improving student achievement.Desire (D and Action (A – Recognizing Values and Taking Action. Field test responses did not reflect desire on the part of teachers to collaborate with student librarians. Only two teachers responded directly to the advertisement. The offer of monetary incentive ($200 in library supplies also did not appear to increase motivation of teachers to participate. Results after the field test showed that overall, teachers gained an appreciation of the value of collaboration with school librarians, and indicated they would be open to future projects. Action Process

Gayle Bogel

2008-06-01

369

Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Bullying  

Science.gov (United States)

This mixed-methods study examined elementary teachers' perceptions of teacher-student bullying. Grounded in previous research on peer bullying, the study posed several questions: to what extent did teachers perceive bullying of students by other teachers as a serious matter requiring intervention? Did they perceive teacher bullying as more serious…

Zerillo, Christine; Osterman, Karen F

2011-01-01

370

The social dimension of teaching: trust and teachers' efficacy beliefs  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Educational research increasingly highlights teachers’ trust in other school members to support school functioning. Besides, teachers’ efficacy beliefs are considered to be crucial in their functioning. To enhance teachers’ effectiveness, an understanding of the sources of their efficacy beliefs is therefore vital. This study investigates whether teachers’ trust in students, parents, colleagues, and the principal relate differently to various facets of teachers’ efficacy beliefs. Mu...

Maele, Dimitri; Houtte, Mieke

2012-01-01

371

The social dimension of teaching: Trust and teachers’ efficacy beliefs  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Educational research increasingly highlights teachers’ trust in other school members to support school functioning. Besides, teachers’ efficacy beliefs are considered to be crucial in their functioning. To enhance teachers’ effectiveness, an understanding of the sources of their efficacy beliefs is therefore vital. This study investigates whether teachers’ trust in students, parents, colleagues, and the principal relate differently to various facets of teachers’ efficacy beliefs. Mu...

Maele, Dimitri; Houtte, Mieke

2012-01-01

372

Can librarians trust resources found on Google Scholar? Yes… and no.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Many librarians are still unwilling to fully embrace Google Scholar as a resource. Michelle C. Hamilton, Margaret M. Janz and Alexandra Hauser investigate whether Google Scholar has the accuracy, authority and currency to be trustworthy enough for scholars.

Hamilton, Michelle C.; Janz, Margaret M.; Hauser, Alexandra

2012-01-01

373

Salary Compensation Systems for Librarians: A Study of Ten Members of the Association of Research Libraries.  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper presents the results of a review of professional compensation systems in a number of major academic libraries which was conducted in order to advance the understanding of librarian compensation and to help libraries choose and develop systems t...

W. G. Jones

1981-01-01

374

THE ROLE OF THE LIBRARIAN IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORIES  

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Full Text Available This paper aims at presenting a case study that analyzed the role of the librarian in the implementation of an institutional repository (RI in the Fundação Centro Tecnológico de Minas Gerais (CETEC. The implementation of the RI in CETEC has become necessary in order to organize systematically and effectively the scientific production of that institution. It was verified that is necessary for the librarian be adaptive to the new information tools and know how to use the emerging technology. To achieve these goals, many disciplines related to information technology could be inserted in the course curriculum of librarianship in Brazil in order to support the librarian to be more autonomous in dealing with the software and to optimize his/her work. Finally, in general, it is important that the librarian encourages the creation and implementation of RIs and be aware to the movement for open access to information.

Eliane Apolinário Vieira

2012-06-01

375

Information-seeking behavior of nursing students and clinical nurses: implications for health sciences librarians*  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Objectives: This research was conducted to provide new insights on clinical nurses' and nursing students' current use of health resources and libraries and deterrents to their retrieval of electronic clinical information, exploring implications from these findings for health sciences librarians.

Dee, Cheryl; Stanley, Ellen E.

2005-01-01

376

Informationist Careers for Librarians– A Brief History of NLM’s Involvement  

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Full Text Available Valerie Florance of the National Library of Medicine (NLM discusses NLM's support programs to encourage new roles for health sciences librarians, specifically the NLM Administrative Supplements for Informationist Services in NIH-funded Research Projects program.

Valerie Florance

2013-05-01

377

Research on Information Seeking--Its Place in the Teaching of Librarians  

Science.gov (United States)

Library Schools can devise improved techniques in reference librarianship and can encourage a research orientation by better understanding the structure of the literature and the way librarians operate within that structure. (8 references) (MM)

Donohue, Joseph C.

1972-01-01

378

A Primary Study of the Size in Working Area of Librarians  

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Full Text Available It is a noted rule that the working area (office of librarians is estimated by the "unit area of a person" which ignored the different needs and characteristics of each section of librarians. Based on a survey to the librarians of six universities to evaluate the size of their working area, researchers found a set of ratios of "co-working area" between the "average area of total office of a person" and the "unit area of a person" in each section of library. It revealed two facts that the obvious difference between each section in its need in space, and the actual size of the office area should be estimated based on the amount of "average area of total office of a person." The results of this research offered some reference data for librarian to check their office size suitably.

Ko-Li Chen

2006-12-01

379

The Chicago Parent Program: comparing 1-year outcomes for African American and Latino parents of young children.  

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Data were merged from two prevention randomized trials testing 1-year outcomes of a parenting skills program, the Chicago Parent Program (CPP) and comparing its effects for African-American (n?=?291) versus Latino (n?=?213) parents and their preschool children. Compared to controls, intervention parents had improved self-efficacy, used less corporal punishment and more consistent discipline, and demonstrated more positive parenting. Intervention children had greater reductions in behavior problems based on parent-report, teacher-report, and observation. Although improvements from the CPP were evident for parents in both racial/ethnic groups, Latino parents reported greater improvements in their children's behavior and in parenting self-efficacy but exhibited greater decreases in praise. Findings support the efficacy of the CPP for African American and Latino parents and young children from low-income urban communities. PMID:22622598

Breitenstein, Susan M; Gross, Deborah; Fogg, Louis; Ridge, Alison; Garvey, Christine; Julion, Wrenetha; Tucker, Sharon

2012-10-01

380

Analysis of job offers for reference librarians Análise de ofertas de emprego para bibliotecários de referência  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The role of the reference librarian is essential for assistence of users. This paper analysed and compared job offers for reference librarians in the websites Indeed and Jobs. It used Bardin's content analysis technique. The results revealed that the job market looks for pro-active and expert professionals with Library or Information Science education.O papel do bibliotecário de referência é essencial para o atendimento do usuário. Esta pesquisa analisou e comparou as ofertas para bib...

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
381

Fearing the library dragon: Why librarians should approach users instead of waiting for them  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The image of libraries and librarians in popular culture, press coverage and the public often does not live up to our expectations. Systematic management of public relations is expected to put things right. This article focuses on an important basis of reputation improvement: the interaction between academic librarians and students. It shows how the psychological phenomenon of library anxiety and the library profession's image are interconnected and includes recommendations for approaching pa...

Bargmann, M.

2007-01-01

382

Highlighting the Informationist As a Data Librarian Embedded in a Research Team  

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Full Text Available JESLIB Editor Elaine R. Martin introduces the papers in Volume 2, Issue 1 (2013, which focuses on the role of and the Informationist or Embedded Librarian in the scientific research process. As biomedical science becomes more data intensive, researchers are faced with a range of data management challenges, problems, and needs. Health sciences librarians are ideal partners for offering scientists at their institutions a range of data management services.

Elaine R. Martin

2013-05-01

383

Parent Expectations of Young Children in Taiwan  

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Full Text Available This study investigated how 223 mothers and 200 fathers of 3- to 6-year-old children from Taiwan saw their child-rearing strengths and shortcomings. The Mandarin version of the Parent as a Teacher Inventory (PAAT was administered to each of the 423 subjects. This instrument is designed to examine five aspects of interaction between parent and child. Multivariate analyses of variance were applied to determine the significant effects of eight independent variables on the five PAAT subscales. The variables that significantly affected parent responses were (1 amount of time spent with a child, (2 household income, (3 parent education, and (4 gender of parent. The variable with the most impact was time spent with a child. Parents who spent 10 hours or more per week interacting with their child demonstrated greater strengths than peers who spent less time interacting with their child, as indicated on all subscales of the PAAT.

Troy E. Beckert

2004-01-01

384

Parental Practices in Early Education: The Necessity of Parental Counseling in Iasi County  

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Full Text Available Two complementary approaches in the early education and development of preschool children refer to how important it is for the teachers to know the parental practices used within a family and for the parents to be familiarized with the activities their children are involved in kindergarten. The present article refers to a research study that took place in all public kindergartens in Iasi (November 2009 – February 2010 and focused on three major elements: identifying the parents’ perception of their children’s behavior, identifying their point of view on the relation between family and kindergarten and determining the need/request of parental counseling. The survey’s findings point out there is a series of common perceptions among parents, concerning the kindergarten, most of the respondents showing willingness in taking part in parental counseling activities. In conclusion, kindergartens should diversify their educational programmes and rise the standards of parental counseling services for their beneficiary.

Florin Vasile FRUMOS

2011-09-01

385

Parental Power and Adolescents' Parental Identification.  

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Combines McDonald's social power of parental identification with sex-linked models of parental identification to account for the identification of daughters (N=199) and sons (N=147) with their parents. Found that because of a halo effect, a gain in identification with one parent is not at the other parent's expense. (JAC)

Acock, Alan C.; Yang, Wen Shan

1984-01-01

386

Resilience Guide for Parents and Teachers  

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... else's loss or trauma. 10 Tips for building resilience in children and teens We all can develop ... change has had an impact on the students. Resilience and pre-school children Very young children will ...

387

Tick Removal: A Step-by-Step Guide (For Parents)  

Science.gov (United States)

... Safety Doctors & Hospitals Q&A Recipes En Español Teachers - Looking for Health Lessons? Visit KidsHealth in the Classroom What Other Parents Are Reading Video: Kids on Bullying Managing Asthma? Care Tips Gluten-Free Recipes Facts ...

388

Students' and teachers' perceptions of motivation and learning through the use in schools of multimedia encyclopaedias on CD-ROM  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This article is the result of interviews with teachers, students, and school librarians in eight UK secondary schools regarding their use of multimedia encyclopaedias on CD-ROM. It focuses on a content analysis of their comments on how having access to multimedia encyclopaedias changes the way students work and learn in school, how they perceive it enhances their learning, and how it hinders it. Teachers reported that they used multimedia encyclopaedias as an additional information resource, ...

Wishart, Jocelyn

2000-01-01

389

Rejuvenation and Networking Motivates Librarians to Attend Conferences. A Review of: Vega, Robert D. and Ruth S. Connell. “Librarians’ Attitudes Toward Conferences: A Study.” College & Research Libraries 68.6 (2007: 503?15.  

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Full Text Available Objectives – To determine why professional librarians attend or do not attend conferences and to consider their attitudes toward the various conference offerings and whether conference attendance is important to their careers.Design – An electronic mail list survey designed to collect both quantitative and qualitative data through closed and open?ended questions.Setting – Mainly academic and public libraries in the U.S.A.Subjects – A total of 794 librarians participated in the study.Methods – The quantitative and qualitative data gathered from the survey were analyzed using statistical software. The quantitative items on the questionnaire regarded the following: years working as a librarian, age, gender, average number of conferences attended each year, amount of financial support provided, and the importance of attending conferences. For qualitative analysis, the instrument included open?ended questions to gather comments about issues related to conferences. Electronic mail list subscriptions were used to reach approximately 17,000 potential respondents of whom 794 completed the survey.Main Results – The study found the main reason the respondents attended conferences was to achieve professional rejuvenation (56%, and that this finding was associated with age: the older the librarian, the higher he or she would rate the need to stay updated in librarianship. The study also found that men as compared to women ranked rejuvenation as less important. Respondents who visited more conferences tended to rate rejuvenation as more important. Networking was also highly valued (40%, although was not of significant importance among reference librarians. Exhibits were considered to be very useful among older respondents, particularly older public librarians and older administrators from all types of libraries, but were regarded as less valuable among younger academic librarians. Invited speakers were rated highly by academic librarians, but less highly by public librarians. General sessions primarily attracted newer and younger librarians, and poster sessions primarily appealed to academic librarians. Being able to add conference participation to the curriculum vitae was primarily of interest to younger academic librarians. Academic librarians rated roundtables as important.Conclusion – Respondents primarily attended conferences for professional rejuvenation and networking, though felt these benefits were not necessarily related to conference content. Those who had worked longer as librarians valued exhibits more than those who were new in the field. Based on the results, further investigation is needed to answer the following questions:1Why do public librarians find poster sessions of low interest?2Why do men compared to women find professional rejuvenation less important?3Have more experienced librarians learned to navigate exhibits better?The findings of this study would be useful to conference organizers.

Yvonne Hultman Özek

2009-12-01

390

Assisting Teachers in Teaching in Reading Instruction.  

Science.gov (United States)

Reading aloud can help students who have problems comprehending social studies subject matter. Teachers, parents, and volunteers can all serve as effective oral readers. Teachers and principals should list goals for volunteers to achieve when reading aloud. In addition, to vary the oral reading approach, students can take turns reading aloud.…

Ediger, Marlow

391

Murderous parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

This article offers observations regarding some of the major manifestations of family violence, neonaticide, infanticide, and filicide with the purpose of aiding in the early identification of parents at risk. They are discussed within the past and present historical and cultural milieu. A brief review of pertinent literature is presented. Pertinent case studies from the forensic psychiatric practice of the author along with psychodynamic reflections are offered. PMID:12113159

Palermo, George B

2002-04-01

392

Knowledge Management and Challenging Roles of Academic Librarians  

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Full Text Available With globalization the credibility of the workforce is determined by how best they can accommodate themselves in the growing challenges of k-economy. Knowledge Management (KM has been in operation for quite some time. Its close affinity to library and information management is undeniable. Library has not relinquished its role and interest as information and knowledge providers. It is fitting then to recognise that a well planned strategy, involving the library and the management of the institution could provide significant influence to achieve the KM objectives. Librarians and information professionals (IPs should be dedicated to fulfilling the varied information needs of the users, amidst the K-economy by providing accurate and relevant bibliographic and physical access and offer referral to the multidimensional range of information within the library premise and outside. KM is a challenge to the information professionals and for the fields of librarianship and information science and needs to be taken seriously to leverage the intellectual assets and to facilitate knowledge utilization and creation. Key words: K-economy; Knowledge management (KM; Globalization; Library management; Information management

Adnan Jamaluddin

2010-12-01

393

¿COMO APRENDEN A ESCRIBIR LOS NIÑOS? LAS CONCEPCIONES DE PADRES Y MAESTROS DE COMUNIDADES EDUCATIVAS EN ENTORNOS SOCIOCULTURALES MEDIOS Y MARGINADOS How do children learn how to write? The conceptions of parents and teachers of educational communities in middle and excluded sociocultural environments  

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Full Text Available Se presenta un estudio de casos de las concepciones de padres y maestros de comunidades educativas en entornos socioculturales medios y marginados en Bariloche, Argentina, acerca de cómo los niños aprenden a escribir. En particular, se describe y analiza cómo suponen que los niños aprenden a escribir, qué hacen cuando aprenden, cómo los niños se dan cuenta de sus aprendizajes y cómo padres y maestros se dan cuenta de los aprendizajes de los niños. El relevamiento de los datos se llevó a cabo mediante entrevistas individuales. Las respuestas verbales de los sujetos se analizaron mediante el método lexicométrico o análisis de datos textuales, que diferenció tres grupos que asocian palabras características y modalidades de la variable combinada posición educativa (padre/maestro - sector sociocultural (medio/marginado. Sobre esta base, describimos tres concepciones de aprendizaje y de enseñanza de la escritura: a aprendizaje basado en la verificación de lo aprendido por parte del maestro y enseñanza basada en la impresión de conocimientos (característica de maestros de sectores marginados; b aprendizaje basado en la activación y conexión de los conocimientos previos y enseñanza basada en el encauzamiento y ampliación de los conocimientos previos (maestros de sectores medios; c aprendizaje basado en la "natural" orientación de los niños hacia el aprendizaje y enseñanza basada en provisión de modelos y respuesta a demandas de los niños (padres de ambos sectores. Se plantea que la primera concepción se vincula con una teoría directa o de la copia de la mente del aprendiz, en tanto las otras dos serían versiones de una teoría interpretativa de la mente. Se discuten las implicancias educativas de esta situación.We present a case study of the conceptions teachers and parents hold about the children’s learning of writing, in educational communities in middle and excluded sociocultural environments in Bariloche, Argentina. In particular, their ideas about the following issues are described: how children learn to write, what children do when they learn, how children realize they learn, how teachers and parents realize children learn. Data collection consisted in individual interviews. Verbal responses were analysed with the lexicometric method, allowing to distinguish three groups, by associating characteristic words and modalities of the combined variable educational position (teacher vs. parent - sociocultural environment (middle vs. excluded. On this basis, we described three conceptions of learning and teaching of writing: a learning based on teacher’s verification of learning results, and teaching based on the impression of knowledge (characteristic of teachers working in excluded environments; b learning based on the activation and connection of prior knowledge, and teaching based on channelling and enlarging prior knowledge (teachers working in middle sociocultural environments and c learning based on children’s natural orientation to learn, and teaching based on the provision of models and on the response to children’s demands (parents from both environments. We propose that the first conception is related to a direct or copy theory of mind, whereas the other two are versions of an interpretative theory of mind. Educational implications are discussed.

Montserrat de la Cruz

2002-01-01

394

Parenting an Athlete  

Science.gov (United States)

... Living > Sports > Parenting an Athlete Healthy Living Listen Parenting an Athlete Article Body What Parents Can Do ... Experiences (Audio) Healthy Children Radio: Dad to Dad: Parenting Like a Pro (Audio) Healthy Children Radio: Stress ...

395

Teacher Pay and Teacher Aptitude  

Science.gov (United States)

Can changes in teacher pay encourage more able individuals to enter the teaching profession? So far, studies of the impact of pay on the aptitude distribution of teachers have provided mixed evidence on the extent to which altering teacher salaries represents a feasible solution to the teacher quality problem. One possible reason is that these…

Leigh, Andrew

2012-01-01

396

Teaching Practices and Strategies to Involve Inner-City Parents at Home and in the School  

Science.gov (United States)

Few studies have observed what teachers actually do in the classroom to encourage parental involvement in their children's education. Over the school year, the various teaching practices and strategies of two teachers in an inner-city elementary school that has had public recognition in its efforts to involve parents were gathered through…

Lewis, Leontye; Kim, Yanghee A.; Bey, Juanita Ashby

2011-01-01

397

Embedding online information resources in Virtual Learning Environments: some implications for lecturers and librarians of the move towards delivering teaching in the online environment  

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Full Text Available A small study of the use of online information resources by new Virtual Learning Environment users in a UK University provided insights into the strategies used by lecturers to select those resources, and into some of the difficulties they encountered when using online materials in their teaching. Skills training emerged as an issue for both teachers and learners, and some interesting observations were made on the working relationships of lecturing staff and librarians. The study concludes that the need for 'new alliances' frequently raised in current literature is indeed very apparent, but that to be most effective such co-operation may need to be at individual as well as at group level..

Margaret Markland

2003-01-01

398

Conducting a Parent Education Program in a Pediatric Clinic Playroom  

Science.gov (United States)

To demonstrate that a pediatric clinic provides a natural framework for an educational program involving parents as the primary teachers of young children, a parent education program was incorporated into the playroom program of the Mount Sinai Hospital Pediatric Clinic in New York City. (Author/CS)

Morris, Anne G.

1974-01-01

399

Using Erikson To Work More Effectively with Teenage Parents.  

Science.gov (United States)

Provides suggestions to help early childhood teachers work more effectively with teenage parents and become significant adults in teenage parents' lives. Suggestions include fostering positive identification and addressing individual teenager needs. Presents Erikson's stages of psychosocial development as a basis for recommendations to develop…

DeJong, Lorraine

2003-01-01

400

Social Competence in Children of Alcoholic Parents over Time  

Science.gov (United States)

In the current study, the authors tested the hypothesis that children of alcoholic parents (COAs) show deficits in social competence that begin in early childhood and escalate through middle adolescence. Teachers, parents, and children reported on the social competence of COAs and matched controls in a community sample assessed from ages 6 to 15.…

Hussong, Andrea M.; Zucker, Robert A.; Wong, Maria M.; Fitzgerald, Hiram E.; Puttler, Leon I.

2005-01-01

 
 
 
 
401

Parents Rights: The Case for Madera Unified School District  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this article is to identify power through voting-school boards; it must be explicitly identified and highlighted as a way to empower students and their families. Implications for teachers are discussed, as their role in public schools is crucial to improved parent participation. It examines how Latino parents have used the justice…

Padilla, Frank

2009-01-01

402

SPARC. Senior Citizens and Parents as Resources for the Classroom.  

Science.gov (United States)

The Senior Citizens and Parents as Resources for the Classroom (SPARC) project is designed to maximize the learning potential of students. Through the SPARC project, parent and community volunteers, guided by professional educators, can help to meet student needs. This elementary school manual has been compiled by and for the teachers and…

Kansas State Dept. of Education, Topeka.

403

??2000???????? | The Education for Reference librarian in the New Millennium  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

???35-47

1960??????????????OPAC??????Webpac???????????????????????????????????????????Internet??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????

In the networked world, library patrons' need are urgent and more variety. What they want are the precise information without any delay. This paper tried to trace the historical development of reference services. Discuss the theoretical framework of reference services, the personality traits of reference librarians, and illustrate the impact of Internet upon readers' services, The competencies for the new age reference librarians and agreement of information services standards were emphasized. Suggestions were made for future improvements.

??? Mei-Hwa Yang

1999-04-01

404

Career Advancement and Writing about Women Librarians: A Literature Review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective – This review of the literature provides a framework for understanding the professional experiences of women library directors in academic libraries. It focuses uponcareer advancement and writing about women librarians in the United States and Canada from the 1930s to 2012.Methods – Databases from the disciplines of library science and business and management, including the larger social sciences, were searched for references to sources that dealt with career advancement and progression of women, specifically womenlibrarians, from the 1930s to 2012. Similarly, these databases were also searched for sources pertaining to writing about women, especially women in libraries. Sources were also culled from major bibliographies on women in libraries. Articles and monographswere selected for inclusion in the review if they reported research findings related to these broad topics. In some cases sources from the professional literature were included if they offered a unique perspective on lived experience.Results – Evidence shows the number of women in senior leadership roles has increased over the years. From the 1930s to the 1950s it was the natural order for men to be heads of academic libraries, particularly major research libraries. Research studies of the decades from the 1960s to the 1980s provide evidence of a shift from the assumption that various personal and professional characteristics could be identified to account for differences in the number of men and of women recruited into senior positions in academic libraries. Despite this, women remained vastly under-represented in director positions in academic libraries. From the 1990s to the present, the evidence shows the number of women in senior leadership roles increased, despite factors such as mobility, career interruptions, or lack of advanced degrees that were traditionally identified as limitations to career growth. While women have gained in terms of the number of senior positions in academic libraries in the U.S. and Canada they are still not proportionately represented. The results section concludes with a review of sources that pertain to writing about women library leaders. This emphasizes that the professional lives of women librarians are largely unknown, as is the importance of their contribution to the development of libraries and librarianship. These sources were included to highlight the critical importance, but lack of material that speaks to writing about women and their professional lives and experiences.Conclusions – Research into the lives of women library leaders is important because women traditionally represent 75-80% of library professionals, yet the story of their career advancement and leadership within librarianship is bounded by characteristics – real or perceived – that affect their career progression. Future research focusing on collecting current data about career advancement of women in Canadian academic libraries as well as the contributions of women to development of libraries is suggested.

Kathleen DeLong

2013-03-01

405

How Attendance and Quality of Participation Affect Treatment Response to Parent Management Training  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This study examined whether attendance and quality of participation in parent management training predicted treatment response. Data were from 445 parents (55% minority, 62% single; almost all of low socioeconomic status) who had 1st-grade children with severe conduct problems. Quality of participation in weekly parent groups was based on group leader ratings. Parent outcomes were based on interviewer ratings, behavioral observations, parent reports, and teacher ratings. Results of hierarchic...

2009-01-01

406

Parents and Their Newborn Visit the Classroom. Unit 1. Education for Parenting/Learning How To Care.  

Science.gov (United States)

This manual is intended for teachers who envision the value of teaching parenting/caring to elementary school children but have minimal time and little opportunity for training. The manual is the first of three units of the curriculum, "Education for Parenting." Each unit follows a baby of a particular age visiting the classroom, and is written to…

Heath, Harriet

407

Public Librarians with the Highest Retention Rate are More Likely to Choose their Entire Career Path in Public Libraries. A Review of: Noh, Y. (2010. A study analyzing the career path of librarians. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, 36(4, 329–346.  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives – The main objectives of this study were the following:• to analyze the career path and career movement of librarians in Korea• to identify and compare factors influencing the career movement path of chief librarians in public libraries and other librarians• to determine library positions’ turnover rates, average career retention, career reinstatement, proximity between careers, and proximity between different librariesDesign – Survey questionnaire.Setting – One survey conducted in college libraries, public libraries, special libraries, school libraries, and library-related service providers in Korea, and another in public libraries in Korea, targeting chief librarians only.Subjects – Librarians were identified from the 2008 Korean Library Yearbook published by the Korean Library Association. Also, more survey recipients in the ‘other category’ were identified through Internet search, directory search, and library ads. A total of 816 librarians participated in the survey. The breakdowns of participants based on the type of library they were working at are the following:First survey:• 282 Public librarians• 268 University librarians• 24 Special librarians• 25 School librarians• 15 Other librariansSecond survey:• 202 Chief librarians at public librariesMethods – A total of 2179 questionnaires were distributed twice in May 2009 via mail to different libraries. Postage paid envelopes were provided. A phone call reminder was made to increase the response rate. 614 copies were returned. The total response rate for the survey was 28.18%. The highest response rate was from academic libraries with a total of 37.17% (Table 2 in the article. Six hundred and forty three copies of the questionnaire were sent out to chief librarians and the response rate was 31.42%. The SAS statistical package was used for conducting statistical analysis of the data. The content areas covered in the two questionnaires are listed below in Table 1.In order to investigate the career movement path of librarians, participants were asked to identify their current job position plus the first three positions before the current position. Each position equals one phase in the librarians’ career path analysis. The jobs were broadly categorized into public libraries, university libraries, special libraries, schools and school libraries, database and content builders, library automation system developers, MARC companies, agencies, Internet portals, library supply companies, and others.Main Results – The data obtained from those items italicized in Table 1 were used to compare factors influencing the career movement path of chief librarians in public libraries and librarians. The survey results on differences in gender show that most chief librarians (58.9% were men compare to women (41.1%, while the ratio of women to men librarians is 2:5. Therefore, it is more likely that male librarians decide to become chief librarians. Analyzing the age of respondents indicates that it takes 20 years of library experience before one becomes a chief librarian. Survey results on differences in the final academic degree between librarians and chief librarians show that more librarians (96.7% held higher graduate degree compare to chief librarians (87.6% (results calculated form Table 7 - p. 333. Likewise, there are more librarians who studied library and information science (83.3% compare to chief librarians (55.9% (Table 8. Comparing the type of certificates held by two groups, it is evident that 26.7% of chief librarians do not have any library related certificates compare to 5.9% of librarians. The survey results suggest that both librarians and chief librarians make effort to increase their knowledge and skills. While librarians spend more time to improve operational aptitude and personal management, chief librarians identify themselves as hard working individuals.The study conducted a simple analysis on factors influencing the career movement of librarians and chief librarians. Those factors differ greatly

Nazi Torabi

2011-06-01

408

Network Based Educational Environment How Libraries and Librarians Become Organizers of Knowledge Access and Resources  

CERN Document Server

In this paper we will highlight some important issues which will influence the redefinition of roles and duties of libraries and librarians in a networked based educational environment. Although librarians will also keep their traditional roles of faculty support services as well as reference service and research assistance, we identify the participation in the instructional design process, the support in the evaluation, development and use of a proper authoring system and the customization of information access, as being the domains where libraries and librarians should mainly involve themselves in the next future and make profit of their expertise in information and knowledge organization in order to properly and effectively support the institutions in the use of Information Technology in education.

Pettenati, M C; Pettenati, Corrado

2000-01-01

409

Chinese Children's Effortful Control and Dispositional Anger/Frustration: Relations to Parenting Styles and Children's Social Functioning  

Science.gov (United States)

Relations among authoritative and authoritarian parenting styles, children's effortful control and dispositional anger/frustration, and children's social functioning were examined for 425 first and second graders (7-10 years old) in Beijing, China. Parents reported on parenting styles; parents and teachers rated children's effortful control,…

Zhou, Qing; Eisenberg, Nancy; Wang, Yun; Reiser, Mark

2004-01-01

410

Don't Count on Clairvoyance: A Librarian and an Independent Consultant Plan a Staff Training Workshop.  

Science.gov (United States)

Presents a scenario outlined by a librarian interested in sponsoring a staff development program together with a hired consultant. It is argued that, through candid discussions and a commitment to shared program goals, a successful match can be made between a librarian and the consultant. (MAB)

Ezell, Charlaine; McMahon, Patrick

1991-01-01

411

The Egyptian Web Logs as an Information Resource with a Special Indication to Library and Librarian's Blogs  

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Full Text Available An article is discussing The Egyptian Web Logs ,library blogs and librarian's blogs at the world wide web as one of information electronic sources so this article is answering on some questions. what is conception of blogs?, What is historic development and origin of blogs?, What are reasons to fame and spread blogs between internet employees ?, what is blogging software to create blog?, what is directory and search engine of blogs?, what is characteristics of successful blogs? and concentrates on Egyptian weblogs, what is the most famous Egyptian blogs in the world wide web ? and refer to relationship between the Egyptian weblogs and policy. and special indication to blogs in library and information science which include library blogs and librarian's blogs. this article also is answering on some questions about library blogs and librarian's blogs. what is meaning of library blogs and librarian's blogs? what is purposes and aims of library blogs and librarian's blogs? what is directory of library blogs and librarian's blogs? Are there sorts of library blogs and librarian's blogs? and What are examples of library blogs and librarian's blogs available at the world wide?. to give overview about this electronic source at all its parts.

Shayma' Ismael Abbas Ismael

2007-06-01

412

State Library Conferences as Professional Development Venues: Unbalanced Support for the AASL-Defined Roles of the School Librarian  

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The American Association of School Librarians (AASL) released new guidelines for school library programs in the summer of 2009. Empowering Learners: Guidelines for School Library Programs (AASL 2009a), hereafter referred to as EL, spells out the five roles that school librarians must practice to empower library users. The purpose of this…

Moreillon, Judi; Cahill, Maria; McKee, Rebecca

2012-01-01

413

Reflective Peer Mentoring: Evolution of a Professional Development Program for Academic Librarians  

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Full Text Available For librarians engaged in teaching and learning, reflection has the potential to create opportunities to examine one’s instructional practice, identify and address challenges, and find new instructional pathways. It can also lead to a deeper understanding of one’s teaching. As valuable as it is, it can be challenging for librarians to find time to deeply contemplate instruction experiences. In the fast-paced environment of academic libraries, reflection is too often passed over as we rush from one teaching experience to the next. Recognizing the value of reflective practice, a team of academic librarians at Memorial University created a peer mentoring program for librarians involved in information literacy and other forms of teaching. The goal was to create an inviting and collaborative environment for exploring and developing instructional self-awareness by working with librarian colleagues. The resulting Reflective Peer Mentoring (RPM program requires minimal librarian time yet offers satisfying opportunities for brainstorming, problem solving, and reflection by bringing colleagues together into small co-mentored learning communities. This paper explores the successful evolution of this peer-based, collegial approach to reflection. It describes the inspiration and experimentation that led to the eventual creation of the RPM model, including Reflective Teaching & Observation (RTO, an earlier program founded on peer observation and collaborative exploration. It also describes the foundational principles that form the basis for the RPM program as well as the three-step framework on which it is structured. Finally, the article examines the information gathered and lessons learned from assessment of the program during the first year of implementation.

Janet L. Goosney

2014-06-01

414

Socio – cultural background of future science teachers  

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Full Text Available The survey deals with the research of socio-cultural background of future Slovak science teachers. 276 students of teachers´ studies of the Faculty of Natural Science, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Information Technologies of the Comenius University, Bratislava were tested. Questionnaire about demographic characteristics and Family Environmental Scale (authors M. Hargašová and T. Kollárik have been used in the survey. A trend towards preference of teachers studies by children from rural environment, from families with both parents and more siblings, and by religious persons has been observed. They tend to be first-born children, from families where both parents are school leavers of at least of a secondary school, where mothers have reached usually higher degree of education. The results show an inter-generation continuity in the teachers´ profession. The family environment is in the average scale. Up to ¼ of students do not plan to work in the teachers´ profession in the future.

Hrubišková Helena

2011-12-01

415

Single-Parent and Working-Parent Heart Health  

Science.gov (United States)

Single-Parent and Working-Parent Heart Health Updated:Jan 21,2014 Working parents: How do you work out ... Like this. Time and time again, parents — especially single parents and families with two working parents — say time ...

416

Changing roles of the librarian and the interlibrary-loan user  

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Full Text Available Increasing number of electronically stored and accessed information has its influence also on ILL-DD, on their organization and methods of work. Especially ILL departments at university libraries , which offer nowdays their support not only to study and teaching but also to selfdirected learning and distance education are confronted with many changes.This paper describes the ordering and document delivery models, the attention is focused on new ways of document supply and the new roles of user and ILL librarian are introduced. The copyright law demands new relationship between libraries, publishers and authors. The importance of library associations for the work of the ILL librarian is also mentioned.

Vida Mo?nik

1997-01-01

417

Librarians Use of Web 2.0 in UK Medical Schools: Outcomes of A National Survey  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Using the results of an Email survey, this paper reviews the use of Web 2.0 technologies by librarians working in UK Medical Schools. Web 2.0 has been hailed as an innovation for facilitation of two way communication on the net, and it is, therefore, timely to measure how effectively librarians are capturing this opportunity for increased student engagement. The social nature of Web 2.0 can be particularly appropriate for undergraduate medical students who fit their studies around the unsocia...

2010-01-01

418

Productivity for librarians how to get more done in less time  

CERN Multimedia

Productivity for Librarians provides tips and tools for organizing, prioritizing and managing time along with reducing stress. The book presents a resources guide for continued learning about and exploration of productivity in relation to individual circumstances featuring motivation, procrastination and time management guidelines. Addressing the unique challenges faced by librarians, the author supplies a balanced view of a variety of tools and techniques for dealing with overwork and stress.there are many books on productivity, but none specifically targeted at library workers. We face uniqu

Hines, Samantha

2010-01-01

419

PARENTS’ PERSPECTIVES OF GOVERNMENT & PRIVATE KINDERGARTEN SYSTEMS IN KUWAIT  

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Full Text Available This comparative study was carried out between the government and private kindergarten (KG sectors in Kuwait. The aim of this study is to develop government KGs in light of parents’ needs by discovering their preference between the two sectors and the reasons behind their choice in terms of their satisfaction with different issues in the KG system. Additionally, teachers’ views will be pointed out to examine issues related to parents’ choice. The literature review assisted this study in identifying official evidence and statistics from the Kuwait Ministry of Education. A mixed approach was used, via a questionnaire, to collect data from parents and teachers in order to fulfill the research objectives. The results of the analysis suggest merits and demerits of both sectors in light of parents’ satisfaction and teachers’ views.

HADEEL AL SHATTI

2011-10-01

420

The changing professional image of librarians :focusing on the job positions of digital librarians in academic libraries in the United States of America  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This content analysis study sought to gauge the technology-induced changing image of librarians in the context of digital environment of academic libraries in the USA via their job titles, responsibilities and qualifications as found in three online mailing lists (LISjobs.com, ALA JobLIST and Juju job search engine). The findings revealed that technological knowledge and skills/experience were the most frequently required/preferred of the 8 ALA’s Core Competences of Librarianship. It equall...

Ohaji, Isaac Kenechukwu

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
421

Teacher to Teacher: Transgenerational Mentoring  

Science.gov (United States)

This qualitative case study examines the relationship of teachers who mentor other teachers. We studied 125 autobiographical portfolios submitted by elementary and secondary teachers who had won awards as outstanding educators from their campuses and were competing at the district level. The research site was a midsize city (population 95,000) in…

Juarez-Torres, Rachel; Hurst, Jeannine Lane; Hurst, Roy

2007-01-01

422

Resolving Homework-Related Communication Problems: Recommendations of Parents of Children with and without Disabilities.  

Science.gov (United States)

Describes a national survey in which parents of children with and without disabilities rank-ordered a number of strategies that schools, teachers, and parents could use to improve communication about and completion of students' homework. Finds that parents of children with and without disabilities were in substantial agreement about strategies for…

Harniss, Mark K.; Epstein, Michael H.; Bursuck, William D.; Nelson, Janet; Jayanthi, Madhavi

2001-01-01

423

Significados que construyen niños, padres de familia y docentes vinculados a varias instituciones escolares de la ciudad de Bogotá sobre infancia, familia y escuela en el marco de la globalización / Meanings built by children, family parents and teachers linked to several school institutions of the city of Bogotá about childhood, family and school in the frame of the globalization  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Esta investigación estuvo dirigida a indagar sobre los significados construidos por niños, padres de familia y profesores acerca de la infancia, la familia y la escuela en el contexto de la globalización. Se aplicó una encuesta a un grupo de 73 niños y niñas, 52 padres de familia y 52 docentes que s [...] e encontraban vinculados a varias instituciones escolares de la ciudad de Bogotá. Los resultados mostraron convergencias y divergencias entre los tres grupos de participantes, en cuanto a la forma de significar la infancia y las interacciones escolares y familiares en la actualidad. En términos generales, se observó que los niños y, en menor grado, los padres de familia tienden a una valoración positiva de los cambios asociados con la globalización, mientras que los profesores se inclinan hacia posturas más críticas. El estrato socioeconómico sirvió como variable moderadora en algunos de los significados expresados por los tres grupos de participantes en el estudio. Se discute sobre las implicaciones de estos resultados, haciendo especial énfasis en las demandas y retos que afronta la escuela en el marco de la globalización. Abstract in english This study was managed to investigate on the meanings built by children, family parents and teachers about the childhood, the family and the school in the context of the globalization. A survey was applied at a group of 73 children and girls, 52 family parents and 52 teachers that were linked to sev [...] eral school institutions of the city of Bogotá. The results showed convergences and divergences among the three groups of participants concerning their current meaning about the childhood and the school and family interactions. In general, it was observed that the children and, in smaller grade, the family parents tend to a positive valuation of the changes associated with the globalization, while the teachers incline toward more critical postures. The socioeconomic stratum served as variable moderator in some of the meanings expressed by the three groups of participants in the study. In the discussion the implications of these results are analyzed, making special emphasis in the demands and challenges that the school confronts in the frame of the globalization.

Teresita, Bernal Romero; Jorge Mario, Jaramillo; Liliana, Mendoza Ramos; María Angélica, Pérez Serna; Ana María, Suárez Reyes.

424

Diabetes Movie (For Parents)  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available KidsHealth from Nemours for Parents for Kids for Teens Parents Home General Health Growth & Development Infections Diseases & ... this movie to learn more about diabetes. For Teens For Kids For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC ...

425

Restructuring Teachers' Work  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Despite repeated attempts to reform schools, teachers' work has remained surprisingly stable. The purpose of this study was to investigate implementation of a state-funded restructuring initiative that intended broad changes in teachers' professional roles. Sponsors of the founding legislation reasoned that changes in teachers' roles would contribute to higher student achievement. This study examined the question of whether and how this program of comprehensive whole-school change promoted changes in teachers' roles in school governance, collegial relations, and the classroom. Further, the study traced the relationship of these changes to one another, and weighed the likelihood that they had the capacity to affect core educational practices. Theoretically, this study is situated in the available literature on teachers' collegial relations; participation in shared decision making; and classroom roles, relationships and practice. Three elementary schools served as the sites for intensive qualitative data collection completed over a two-year period. The schools differed in geographic location (two urban, one rural, but all enrolled a racially, ethnically and linguistically diverse population of students, and more than half of the students in each school qualified for free or reduced price lunch. The study resulted in multiple types and sources of data on teachers' professional roles, including: observations in classrooms, collegial interactions, and governance situations; interviews with teachers (including teacher leaders, parents, administrators, and students; and documents pertaining to the restructuring plans and process. Findings show that changes in the three areas were achieved unevenly in the three schools. All three schools introduced changes in classroom practice and roles, ranging from the adoption of multi-age classrooms to more modest innovations in curriculum or instruction. In only one case were changes in professional roles outside the classroom organized to support and sustain classroom changes. Two of the three schools introduced changes in staff organization (teacher teams and leadership (governance committees, but under-estimated the professional development and other supports that would in turn support changes in classroom practice. Altogether, it appears unlikely that the observed changes in professional roles were sufficiently well established and connected to affect core educational practice in the long run.

Lisa Kirtman

2002-05-01

426

Confessions of a Librarian or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love Google  

Science.gov (United States)

Have you ever stopped to think about life before Google? We will make the argument that Google is the first manifestation of Web 2.0, of the power and promise of social networking and the ubiquitous wiki. We will discuss the positive influence of Google and how Google and other social networking tools afford librarians leading-edge technologies…

Gunnels, Claire B.; Sisson, Amy

2009-01-01

427

Academic Librarians' Perceptions of Teamwork and Organizational Structure in a Time of Rapid Technological Change  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions of academic librarians on two topics: the delivery of services to students and faculty in a time of rapid technological changes and an organizational structure appropriate for delivering services to students in a time of rapid technological changes. Several researchers agree that to…

Strecker, Beth L.

2010-01-01

428

Copyright Law for Librarians and Educators: Creative Strategies and Practical Solutions. Third Edition  

Science.gov (United States)

Copyright in the world of digital information is changing at a fevered pace, even as educators and librarians digitize, upload, download, draw on databases, and incorporate materials into Web-based instruction. It's essential to stay abreast of the basics of copyright law and fair use. Kenneth D. Crews has completely revised his classic text to…

Crews, Kenneth D.

2012-01-01

429

Snooki, Whale Sperm, and Google: The Unfortunate Extinction Of Librarians When They Are Needed Most  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

“Google can bring you back 100,000 answers. A librarian can bring you back the right one.” — Neil Gaiman The night before I was scheduled to return to work after summer vacation I was lying in bed, staring at the ceiling trying to quiet my thoughts and reset my body into work mode. Unfortunately I [...

Margaux DelGuidice

2012-01-01

430

Identifying Subject-Specific Conferences as Professional Development Opportunities for the Academic Librarian  

Science.gov (United States)

A major challenge facing academic libraries is the need for reference librarians to become knowledge experts in their assigned subject areas. The subject-specialist approach increases the effectiveness of collection development, classroom instruction, and faculty liaison interactions. Simultaneously, this approach creates the need for continuous…

Tomaszewski, Robert; MacDonald, Karen I.

2009-01-01

431

The Librarian as Information Consultant: Transforming Reference for the Information Age  

Science.gov (United States)

Library users' evolving information needs and their choice of search methods have changed reference work profoundly. Today's reference librarian must work in a whole new way--not only service-focused and businesslike, but even entrepreneurial. Murphy innovatively rethinks the philosophy behind current library reference services in this…

Murphy, Sarah Anne

2011-01-01

432

Role of the Special Librarian in a Federal Natural Resources Research Laboratory.  

Science.gov (United States)

The function of a Federal research library reflects the purpose of the laboratory it serves and the philosophy of the librarian. Libraries at the Fish and Wildlife Service research centers must rely on small specialized collections, supplemented by a large amount of cooperation among agency libraries and other subject-related collections. Due to…

Eaton, Deborah A.

433

Spotlight on the Subject Knowledge of Chemistry Librarians: Results of a Survey.  

Science.gov (United States)

A survey of academic chemistry librarians concerning how they obtain and maintain subject knowledge found: 86% took college-level chemistry courses, 64% have a science degree, and 43% have a chemistry degree. Respondents work on professional development activities such as scanning core science journals, subscribing to science discussion lists,…

Hooper-Lane, Christopher

1999-01-01

434

The African American Male Librarian: Motivational Factors in Choosing a Career in Library and Information Science  

Science.gov (United States)

A recent American Library Association (ALA) report has shown that less than 1% of credentialed librarians are African American males. This article discusses possible reasons for this dearth; and, in an effort to inform future LIS recruiting and marketing campaigns, the included study attempted to discover which factors lead African American males…

Davis-Kendrick, Kaetrena D.

2009-01-01

435

Professional Preparation for School Librarians: The Exceptional Child and the Library.  

Science.gov (United States)

The current trend in special education is towards a policy of rapid integration of mildly or moderately disabled children into the regular classroom. The movement towards multi-age grouping, open classrooms, and other varieties of mixed grouping will call for drastic changes in the librarian's repertoire due to the extended heterogeneity of user…

Baskin, Barbara; Harris, Karen

436

Real Time with the Librarian: Using Web Conferencing Software to Connect to Distance Students  

Science.gov (United States)

A pilot program to provide real-time library webcasts to Regis University distance students using Adobe Connect software was initiated in fall of 2011. Previously, most interaction between librarians and online students had been accomplished by asynchronous discussion threads in the Learning Management System. Library webcasts were offered in…

Riedel, Tom; Betty, Paul

2013-01-01

437

Assessing the Value of Embedded Librarians in an Online Graduate Educational Technology Course  

Science.gov (United States)

The increase in online programs has been accompanied by the need for library instruction and support for online students. Students enrolled in off-campus programs have to be able to successfully access and use digital library resources to complete course requirements. An embedded librarian project in an online graduate educational technology…

Edwards, Mary; Kumar, Swapna; Ochoa, Marilyn

2010-01-01

438

Both Sides Now: Librarians Looking at Information Literacy from High School and College. Tips  

Science.gov (United States)

In October 2007, the Oregon Association of School Libraries (OASL) invited the author to speak at their annual conference. The question they asked him was, "What information literacy and library research skills do academic librarians think entering college freshmen should have?" The author investigates this question in his home state of Oregon. He…

Schroeder, Robert

2009-01-01

439

School Library Policy and Legal Opinions of Texas Public School Principals and Certified Librarians  

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Full Text Available This study involved a survey of the attitudes of Texas public school principals and certified librarians, perceptions andexperiences with regard to school library policy for media selection, and procedures for responding to complaints againstlibrary media. Analysis of the data included a methodology of mixed-methods explanatory design. Selection of the principalsand certified librarians was proportionate and stratified according to the state's 20 Education Service Centerregions. Of the 1,036 independent school districts that employed the state population of 10,014 principals and certifiedlibrarians, 275 independent school districts (26.5 percent allowed participation in the survey. Although random samplingof the state population had not been possible, the demographic and employment characteristics of the study samplewere comparable to those of the state population. Two key findings were (a that the legal opinions of principals andcertified librarians were useful predictors of their opinions of library media selection policy and complaint proceduresand (b that the principals' appreciation of selection policy and complaint procedures sometimes differed from the librarians'because of the principals' different legal perspective of library selection policy and complaint procedures.

Andrew Shupala

2006-09-01

440

A Study on the Development of Curriculum Track for Civil Service Librarian  

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Full Text Available The goal of this study is to improve the competitiveness of professional librarians in society. To this end, we analyzed domestic and international LIS curriculum, determined demand from field librarians through a survey, carried out job analysis by library types, and developed an operating model for LIS curriculum by synthesizing all of these results. Finally, we suggested a course of study for civil service librarians based on this model. As a result, the six required courses for civil service librarians are: Introduction to Library and Information Science, Information Organization, Information Services (Reference and Information Services, Library Management, Information Retrieval, and Field Work. The four core courses for the civil service concentration are: Collection Development, Information Sources by Subjects, Public Library Management, and Digital Libraries. Suggested electives best suited to this career path include Using Web Resources, Information Literacy, Information Services in Culturally Diverse Communities, Library Marketing, Libraries and Cultural Programs, Reading Guidance, Library History, Small Library Management, Studies in Library Buildings, Library Cooperation, Managing Digital Collections, and Information and Communication in a Digital Age.

Younghee Noh

2013-06-01

 
 
 
 
441

Making Embedded Librarians a Part of an Online Community of Learners  

Science.gov (United States)

This paper will look at the services presently offered to distance students by libraries within the categories of professional staff, access to resources, reference assistance, and library user instruction. It will then offer the argument that these services could be improved by developing embedded librarians within online academic courses as a…

Francis, Mary

2012-01-01

442

Employers’ Perspectives on Future Roles and Skills Requirements for Australian Health Librarians  

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Full Text Available Objective – This study, which comprises one stage of a larger project (ALIA/HLA Workforce and Education Research Project, aimed to discover employers’ views on how (or whether health librarians assist in achieving the mission-critical goals of their organizations; how health librarians contribute to the organization now and into the future; and what are the current and future skills requirements of health librarians.Methods – Each member of the project group approached between one and five individuals known to them to generate a convenience sample of 22 employers of health librarians. There were 15 semi-structured interviews conducted between October and November 2010 with employers in the hospital, academic, government, private, consumer health and not-for-profit sectors. The interview schedule was sent to each interviewee prior to the interview so that they had time to consider their responses. The researchers wrote up the interview notes using the interview schedule and submitted them to the principal researcher, who combined the data into one document. Content analysis of the data was used to identify major themes.Results – Employers expressed a clear sense of respect for the roles and responsibilities of library staff in their organizations. Areas of practice such as education and training, scientific research and clinical support were highlighted as critical for the future. Current areas of practice such as using technology and systems to manage information, providing information services to meet user needs and management of health information resources in a range of formats were identified as remaining highly relevant for the future. There was potential for health librarians to play a more active and strategic role in their organizations, and to repackage their traditional skill sets for anticipated future roles. Interpersonal skills and the role of health librarians as the interface between clinicians and information technology were also identified as critical for the future. Conclusions – Interviews with employers provided valuable insights into the current and future roles and skills requirements of health librarians in Australia, enriching the findings of the earlier stages of the research project. The next step is to work with the stakeholder groups in this project and use the research project’s findings as the evidence base on which to develop a structured, modular education framework comprising a postgraduate qualification in health librarianship and a continuing professional development structure supporting a three-year cycle of certification and revalidation.

Cheryl Hamill

2011-01-01

443

Using Rubrics to Collect Evidence for Decision-Making: What do Librarians Need to Learn?  

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Full Text Available Objective ? Every day librarians make decisions that impact on the provision of library products and services. To formulate good decisions librarians must be equipped with reliable and valid data. Unfortunately, many library processes generate vast quantities ofunwieldy information that is ill suited for the evidence based decision?making (EBDM practices librarians strive to employ. Librarians require tools to facilitate the translation of unmanageable facts and figures into data that can be used to support decision?making. One such tool is a rubric. Rubrics provide benefits to librarians seeking to use EBDM strategies. This study examined librarians’ abilities to use rubrics as a decision facilitation tool,explored barriers that might prevent effective rubric usage, and suggested training topics that address potential barriers.Methods ? The data for the study came from student responses to open?ended questions embedded in an online information literacy tutorial, LOBO, used by first?year students in English 101 at North Carolina State University (NCSU. Fifteen academic librarians, fiveinstructors, and five students applied rubrics to transform students’ textual responses into quantitative data; this data was statistically analyzed for reliability and validity using Cohen’s Kappa. Participant comment sheets were also examined to reveal potential hurdles to effective rubric use.Results ? Statistical analysis revealed that a subset of participants included in this study were able to use a rubric to achieve substantially valid results. On the other hand, some participants were unable to achieve an expert level of validity and alluded to roadblocks that interfered with their ability to provide quality data using rubrics.Conclusion ? Participant feedback can be categorized into six barriers that may explain why some participants could not attain expert status: 1 difficulty understanding an outcomes based approach, 2 tension between analytic and holistic rubric structures, 3 failure to comprehend rubric terms, 4 disagreement with rubric assumptions, 5 difficulties with data artifacts, and 6 difficulties understanding local library context and culture. Fortunately, each of these barriers can be addressed through training topics that maximize the usefulness of a rubric approach to EBDM.

Megan Oakleaf

2007-09-01

444

Reliability and validity of the parent form of the social competence scale in Chinese preschoolers.  

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The Parent Form of the Social Competence Scale (SCS-PF) was translated into Chinese and validated in a sample of Chinese preschool children (N = 443). Results confirmed a single dimension and high internal consistency in the SCS-PF. Mothers' ratings on the SCS-PF correlated moderately with teachers' ratings on the Teacher Form of the Social Competence Scale and weakly with teachers' ratings on the Student-Teacher Relationship Scale. PMID:23045868

Zhang, Xiao; Ke, Xue; Wang, Xiaoyan

2012-08-01

445

Teacher Incentives  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

This chapter considers hidden teacher effort in educational production and discusses the implications of multiple teacher effort dimensions on optimum incentive contracts in a theoretical framework. The analysis of educational production in a multitask framework is a new and unique contribution of this chapter to the economics of education. We first characterize the first-best and second-best outcomes. The model is extended to address specific questions concerning teacher incentive schemes: W...

2006-01-01

446

Multimedia Applications and Development: Essential Competencies for Librarians  

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The Department of Library and Information Science, University of Pune, Maharashtra, India, has designed a special elective course entitled "Multimedia Applications and Development" in its two-year integrated Masters Degree program of Library and Information Science. During the course, various open source tools for creating multimedia content were taught. This paper discusses eight different information products which were created by students of the department from 2007-2009. Each project was designed for special users with their specific needs. Students gained much confidence in handling various media. They got an opportunity to interact with experts in the fields of communication and mass media. Library Science professionals can take advantage of open source multimedia tools as well to create or repackage content according to users' needs. The paper concludes with feedback about the course from students and teachers.

Nagarkar, S.

2010-10-01

447

End Direction Overload: Foster Self-Reliant Teachers  

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Teachers receive direction from national commissions, researchers, staff developers, state education personnel, superintendents, parents, private pressure groups, the courts, commercial vendors, federal regulators, and politicians. This direction overload depletes energy, blurs individuality, and erodes confidence, causing many educators to either…

Bunting, Carolyn

2007-01-01

448

Relations of Parenting and Temperament to Chinese Children’s Experience of Negative Life Events, Coping Efficacy, and Externalizing Problems  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The relations of parenting and temperament (effortful control and anger/frustration) to children’s externalizing problems were examined in a 3.8-year longitudinal study of 425 native Chinese children (6 – 9 years) from Beijing. Children’s experience of negative life events and coping efficacy were examined as mediators in the parenting and temperament-externalizing relations. Parents reported on their own parenting. Parents and teachers rated temperament. Children reported on negative l...

2008-01-01

449

Beliefs of Families, Students, and Teachers regarding Homework for Elementary-Aged Children  

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According to Simplico (2005), critics who were led by parents have argued, "Children are spending too much time doing homework, which has no impact on their learning" (p. 138). This research study is significant for students, parents, teachers, educators, and administrators who wish to compare beliefs of families, students, and teachers regarding…

Wright, Kim McGee

2010-01-01

450

PARENTAL PREDICTORS OF PHYSICAL INACTIVITY IN SPANISH ADOLESCENTS  

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Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine some parental predictors of physical inactivity in Spanish adolescents. The sample comprised 1,978 children, aged between 12 and 16 years. A quantitative and qualitative technical triangulation was employed. The study analyzed data of the parents' educational level, the importance they grant to physical-sport activities, and their physical-sport practice. Quantitative technique: a questionnaire (MACOFYD was used to collect the data. Descriptive, bivariate, and multinomial regression analyses were employed. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Qualitative technique: four discussion groups were conducted, consisting of parents, physical education teachers, teachers of other subjects, and children aged between 12 and 16 years. The results indicated that adolescents are four times more likely to be physically inactive if their parents have never exercised (odds ratio [OR] = 4.065, and = 3.487, for the fathers and mothers, respectively, p < 0.05. When parents grant "some" or "much" importance to physical-sport practice, adolescents are less likely to be physically inactive (OR = 0.185 and 0.118 respectively, p < 0.01. No significant correlation was found between adolescents' physical-sport activity and parents' educational level. However, young people reproach their parents because they emphasize academic goals more than physical-sport practice-an observation that teachers also confirm. Young people perceive their parents as being the education agents with the greatest influence over their inactive lifestyles. Many parents are unaware of their influence and, therefore, do not take responsibility, declaring that the teachers' influence is greater

Eva Sanz-Arazuri

2012-03-01

451

An Empirical Study on Ways of Coping with Job-related Stress among National College and University Librarian in Taiwan  

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Full Text Available Stress is not a naturedly bad thing - it may be stimulating, motivating and provide excitement to individuals. However, when it exceeds individuals’ ability to cope it becomes harmful both to library and staff. Adequate coping strategies keep the librarians in a state of good health and high job performance. The purpose of this study is trying to explore librarians’ ways of coping with job-related stress in the library settings of national colleges and universities in Taiwan. The study indicates that librarians’ ways of coping are both problem-focused and emotion-focused. And as the stress getting greater, librarians are inclined to cope with emotion-focused ways.[Article content in Chinese

Chen Su-may Sheih

2004-03-01

452

Perceptions, awareness and acceptance of library 2.0 applications among librarians at the International Islamic University Malaysia  

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Full Text Available The paper has investigated the perceptions, level of awareness, and acceptance of Library 2.0 applications among librarians at the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM. The paper also identified perceived factors and problems that could influence successful implementation of Library 2.0. The findings showed that there was high awareness among the librarians with Library 2.0 applications. The findings also indicated that there was high level of computer expertise among the respondents in terms of web browsers and search engines, in addition to high level of utilization in some of the Web 2.0 applications. In addition, the study observed high rates of using blogs and Wikipedia among the librarians. Though the librarians hold positive perceptions on library 2.0 applications, and indicated willingness to learn more on the utilization of 2.0 tools, they highlighted several concerns in implementing Library 2.0.

Yushiana Mansor

2010-12-01

453

Organizational Learning: Perceptions of Teachers’ in Turkey  

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Full Text Available The aim of this research is to investigate primary school teacher’s organizational learning experiences and their thoughts about these experiences. In order to realize this aim, educational practices, supportive leadership, communication and education technology, information sharing and cooperation dimensions of organizational learning are analyzed in terms of teachers’ perceptions. When we evaluate research findings, teachers’ perceptions about organizational learning differ meaningfully according to the teacher’s age and their tenure of office. It can be asserted that we can develop schools’ organizational learning ability only if we create systems which make easy and support managers’, teachers’, students’, parents’ and other education workers’ learning course. The results of this study showed that teachers’ perceptions about organizational learning differ according to managers’ use of managerial power in change applications, teacher’s liability to the team work and whether technological advancements is followed or not. The findings of the research also sign the importance of collective learning and application in order to realize organizational learning. When we look at the research findings, it can be asserted that motivating indivi