WorldWideScience

Sample records for teachers librarians parents

  1. Becoming Teacher-Librarian 2.0

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anita Mary Brooks Kirkland

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the place of Web 2.0 social software in the school library program. It examines the potential of this technology for enhancing teaching and learning, and the implications for students' information literacy. The article suggests ways for teacher-librarians to engage in professional learning to increase their knowledge of this evolving field.

  2. Teacherparents communication

    OpenAIRE

    Grilj, Alenka

    2011-01-01

    This diploma paper shows the meaning of communication as the basis of relationship between people, and its meaning in the teacherparent relationship. In the beginning I present the facts of communication and its rules and I follow with the importance of communication between teacher and parents. This communication represents the main topic as it is very important for a more quality life of children within a family and school. I emphasise the meaning and value of effective communication...

  3. Fully Loaded: Outfitting a Teacher Librarian for the 21st Century. Here's What It Takes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valenza, Joyce Kasman

    2011-01-01

    Like many teacher librarians, this author is often blessed with the opportunity to mentor preservice teacher librarians. There are "apps" she would like to "load" onto every student teacher-librarian's "screen," if he or she is to have true credibility in leading a school through an information and communication landscape that is continually in…

  4. Expert Systems: An Overview for Teacher-Librarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orwig, Gary; Barron, Ann

    1992-01-01

    Provides an overview of expert systems for teacher librarians. Highlights include artificial intelligence and expert systems; the development of the MYCIN medical expert system; rule-based expert systems; the use of expert system shells to develop a specific system; and how to select an appropriate application for an expert system. (11 references)…

  5. The Development of Teacher and Teacher-Librarian Collaboration Scale and the Examination Structures of Collaboration Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hai-Hon Chen

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was twofold. The first purpose was to construct the Collaboration Scale for primary and secondary school teacher and teacher-librarian of Taiwan. Teachers and teacher-librarians were selected from five municipals in the south of Taiwan. Fifty-nine teacher-librarians, 76 teachers and 2 principals from 60 primary and secondary schools participated in this study for the testing of scale quality. Results indicated as follows: 1. The Collaboration Scale consisted of 22 items, divided into three factors, which were integrated instruction, teacher-librarian as resource, and traditional role of teacher-librarian. 2. The Collaboration Scale had reasonable coefficient of internal consistency reliability and content validity. 3. Exploratory factor analysis showed that The Collaboration Scale had acceptable construct validity. Three factors explained variance 60.23%and had high correlations of the Collaboration Scale separately. The second purpose was to examine the facets of teacher and teacher-librarians collaboration. Results indicated that teacher and teacher-librarians had low-end collaboration, most of the cooperation existed in teacher-librarians provided materials or resources for the teachers; high-end collaboration, integrated instruction appear to be less prevalent among participants in this study.

  6. The Effect of Professional Development on Teacher and Librarian Collaboration: Preliminary Findings Using a Revised Instrument, TLC-III

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montiel-Overall, Patricia; Hernandez, Anthony C. R.

    2012-01-01

    This study describes preliminary results of a study with elementary school teachers and librarians. Professional-development intervention workshops were conducted to improve teacher and school librarian collaboration to integrate library and subject content. A revised 24-item teacher and school librarian collaboration instrument (TLC-III) was used…

  7. Who's doing the talking? Teacher and parent experiences of parent-teacher conferences

    OpenAIRE

    E M Lemmer

    2012-01-01

    The most common form of direct communication between parents and teachers in schools worldwide is the parent-teacher conference. Purposeful parent-teacher conferences afford the teacher and the parent the opportunity to address a particular topic related to the child, such as academic progress and behaviour. However, teachers are seldom trained to interact with parents, and both parents and teachers often find such encounters stressful and ineffective. This paper investigates parent and teach...

  8. The Leadership Role of the Teacher Librarian in Technology Integration: Early Results of a Survey of Highly Certified Teacher Librarians in the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everhart, Nancy; Mardis, Marcia A.; Johnston, Melissa

    2010-01-01

    In 2008, the United States' Institute for Museum and Library Services funded Project Leadership-in-Action (LIA) that included surveys of the technology integration practices of teacher librarian leaders with National Board Certification. Preliminary 2009 survey results suggested that the 295 respondents worked in well-resourced libraries with…

  9. National Survey of Internet Usage: Teachers, Computer Coordinators, and School Librarians, Grades 3-12.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Market Data Retrieval, Inc., Shelton, CT.

    A study was conducted to assess the number and type of schools and educators who use the Internet/World Wide Web. The national survey was conducted in November and December of 1996, and included 6,000 teachers, computer coordinators, and school librarians currently working in grades 3-5, 6-8, and 9-12. At the elementary level, classroom teachers

  10. Looking toward the Future: Competences for 21st-Century Teacher-Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Groot, Joanne; Branch, Jennifer L.

    2011-01-01

    What are the core competences required by teacher-librarians for developing exemplary school library programs in 21st-century schools? This article reports on a study that explored the experiences and attitudes of graduates from the Teacher Librarianship by Distance Learning program at the University of Alberta in Edmonton. Key findings from this…

  11. Who's doing the talking? Teacher and parent experiences of parent-teacher conferences

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    E M, Lemmer.

    Full Text Available The most common form of direct communication between parents and teachers in schools worldwide is the parent-teacher conference. Purposeful parent-teacher conferences afford the teacher and the parent the opportunity to address a particular topic related to the child, such as academic progress and b [...] ehaviour. However, teachers are seldom trained to interact with parents, and both parents and teachers often find such encounters stressful and ineffective. This paper investigates parent and teacher perspectives on the parent-teacher conference through a qualitative inquiry. This is framed by the contributions of ecological theorists to home-school communication and an overview of extant themes in the literature. In the present qualitative inquiry, teacher, parent and learner participants were selected by purposeful and snowball sampling and data were gathered by individual and focus group interviews, school visits and the perusal of written parent-teacher conference reports. The findings indicate that parent-teacher conferences are ritualised school events in all types of schools; parents and teachers' expectations of conferences are limited; teachers are not trained to conduct parent-teacher conferences; and conferencesare overwhelmingly directed at problem solution. Parent-teacher conferences are characterised by a client orientation to parents, rather than a partnership orientation to home-school relations.

  12. Teachers-Librarian Collaboration in Building the Curriculum for an IB World School: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhargava, Madhu

    2010-01-01

    Many schools are in the transition stage from passive learning environments into active ones. Teachers, librarians and administrators are forced to rethink the curriculum in terms of content and teaching methodology because of advancement of technology and competitions. The paper will demonstrate the need of collaborative work of…

  13. Parents are Teachers: A Child Management Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Becker, Wesley C.

    This manual is designed to help parents apply reinforcement theory in managing their children. The program explains how parents can systematically use consequences to teach children in positive ways. Units include: When to Reinforce; How to Reinforce; Reinforcement and Punishment in Everyday Life; and Why Parents (and Teachers) Goof; the Criticism…

  14. Approaches to Building Teacher-Parent Cooperation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Franc Cankar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to explore the areas of cooperation inwhich parent and teacher expectations were the same and where they differed. Data were obtained from a sample of 55 randomly selected primary schools. We analyzed school-to home communications, parentalinfluence on school decisions, and parent involvement in different school activities. At the same time, we also explored building cooperation among the teachers, students, and their parents, within the framework of the program ‘Reading and Conversation’. The findings indicated that the third- and ninth- grade lead teachers were mostly in agreement about the importance of parent involvement and as such represented a fairly homogenous group. The third-grade lead teachers were more open about actual involvement of parents in instruction than their ninth-grade colleagues, who were more cautious and restrained. In contrast to the lead teachers who represented a relatively narrow professional group, parents’ views were much more diverse. Parental education was the best predictor of their readiness to become involved in the life and work of their children’s school. Whether the area in which the families lived was urban or suburban did not make any difference. The evaluation of the one-year ‘Reading and Conversation’ programme revealed increases in parents’motivation to collaborate with the school as a consequence of the program’s approach to work, as well as improvement in mutual relationships and dialogue.

  15. UMAP: An International Educational Exchange for Teacher-Librarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallein, Joe; Edwards, Philip

    1997-01-01

    Provides a description of an Australian government-funded University Mobility in Asia and the Pacific Project (UMAP) which allowed five Australian teacher-librarianship students from Monash University to spend a semester in Thailand. The project also promoted exchanges between Thai and Australian academics and will add to the internationalization…

  16. Building Parent-Teacher Partnerships. Classroom Tips

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Federation of Teachers (NJ), 2010

    2010-01-01

    Good two-way communication between families and schools is necessary for students' success. Not surprisingly, research shows that the more parents and teachers share relevant information with each other about a student, the better equipped both will be to help that student achieve academically. Opportunities for two-way communication include: (1)…

  17. Engaging Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students in the School Library: A Handbook for Teacher-Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisner, Nadene

    2012-01-01

    Over seventy percent of students who are deaf or hard of hearing will attend a public school and enroll in a classroom with their hearing peers or in a self-contained classroom with other deaf and hard of hearing students. Teacher-librarians who work in these schools can improve their instruction by understanding not only what it means to be…

  18. Teacher-Parent Interactions in Taiwan: A Qualitative Investigation of Teachers' Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Pi-Ju

    2015-01-01

    Because the importance of parental involvement in education has been emphasized recently in Taiwan, the nature of teacher-parent interactions has changed. The current study describes teacher-parent interactions from teacher perspectives in grades 1-12 in Taiwan. Data were collected from 50 teachers using open-ended questionnaires. Thematic…

  19. Academic Librarians Have Concerns about Their Role as Teachers. A Review of: Walter, Scott. “Librarians as Teachers: A Qualitative Inquiry into Professional Identity.” College and Research Libraries 69.1 (2008: 51-71.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Wilson

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective – This study explores how academic librarians are introduced to teaching, the degree to which they think of themselves as teachers, the ways in which being a teacher has become a significant feature of their professional identity, and the factors that may influence academic librarians to adopt a “teacher identity.” Design – A literature review extended by qualitative semi-structured interviews.Setting – The research took place at an American university with the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching designation of “Doctoral/Research — Extensive.”Subjects – Six academic librarians.Methods – The main feature of the article is an extensive literature review around the themes of LIS, teaching, and qualitative research methodologies. The literature review is supplemented by qualitative research consisting of semi-structured interviews of between 45 and 90 minutes each, which were conducted during spring2004 with six librarians (five women and one man, whose length of professional service ranged from 2 to 32 years. All of the participants worked at the same institution. The data collected were reviewed throughout the process using field memos and a research log. The data were analyzed using a coding process where discrete ideas that emerged from the data were used to identify a small number of themes. The initial conclusions in the study were validated through member checking during the writing phase. “Member checking involves sharing draft study findings with the participants, to inquire whether their viewpoints were faithfully interpreted, whether there are gross errors of fact, and whether the account makes sense to participants with different perspectives”(Centre for Health Evidence.Main Results – Five themes around teaching and teacher identity as they pertain to academic librarians emerged from thedata. The first theme was the centrality of teaching. Each participant sought out a position where the teaching role was valued.The role of teacher spilled over into the other roles of the librarian, i.e., reference service, collection development, etc. Thenext theme was the importance of collegial and administrative support, which is critical to the ability to focus on work as a teacher. The stress of multiple demands emerged as a theme, as time dedicated to teaching was often at the expense of something else. Another theme was the problems with professional education around teaching. Instruction course offerings in library schools were reported to be meagre, and some were badly planned and executed. The fifth theme involved stereotypes and misperceptions. Studies have shown that the academic library profession has been poorly understood by students and faculty. Study participants believed that many of their campus colleagues were either unaware of what they did, or were misinformed by popular culture stereotypes of librarians.Conclusions – The small sample size precluded the making of any definite conclusions based on the study results. Other limitations of the study include the relatively short amount of time spent in the interview process and the narrow range of librarians chosen to participate. The author notes that a subject pool more representative of academic librarians’ full range of opinions regarding the importance of teaching as a professional responsibility would have resulted in more complex themes emerging. While the author is aware of the study’s limitations, he feels there is value in the qualitative research design, in giving voice to individual librarians, and in the provision of insight into some of the research questions found in the literature of learning to teach and of teacher identity. Given the limitations, Walter makes three conclusions about his findings. He points out the lack of a formal introduction to teaching in many library programs which has been explored by other studies and concludes that his study “suggests that continuing lack of attention to this issue results in a difficult introduction into the profession for n

  20. Goal Setting during Early Childhood Parent-Teacher Conferences: A Comparison of Three Groups of Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheatham, Gregory A.; Ostrosky, Michaelene M.

    2013-01-01

    Parent-teacher communication and partnerships are important in children's early years. This study compared goal setting, conducted in English, during Head Start parent-teacher conferences with native Spanish speaking, Latino bilingual, and native English speaking parents and their children's teachers. To understand conference…

  1. Academic achievement and/or educational attainment : the role of teacher librarians in students’ future: main findings of a research in Portugal

    OpenAIRE

    Novo, Ana; Calixto, José António

    2009-01-01

    This paper aims at analysing 20 teacher librarians definitions’ of academic achievement and educational attainment targeting their students’ preparation for the future. Reflection is also done on how these teacher librarians see their roles and specific qualifications in relation with those concepts. This research work, belonging to a PhD program, is focused on School Libraries of Portuguese public elementary integrated schools, which were in the school libraries network till 2005. This r...

  2. Emotional Geographies of Teacher-Parent Relations: Three Teachers' Perceptions in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Hsin-Jen; Wang, Ya-Hsuan

    2011-01-01

    This article attempts to use Andy Hargreaves' theoretical framework of emotional geographies to analyze teachers' perceptions of their interactions with parents in Taiwan. Based on the qualitative interviews with three primary teachers, the research findings show that teachers' emotional distances from parents were intertwined with parents'…

  3. Librarian-Teacher Partnerships for Inquiry Learning: Measures of Effectiveness for a Practice-Based Model of Professional Development

    OpenAIRE

    Joyce Yukawa; Harada, Violet H.

    2009-01-01

    Objective – This study analyzed the effects of a practice-based model of professional development on the teaching and collaborative practices of 9 teams of librarians and teachers, who created and implemented units of inquiry-focused study with K-12 students during a yearlong course. The authors describe how the collection and analysis of evidence guided the development team in the formative and summative evaluations of the outcomes of the professional development, as well as the long-term ...

  4. Parent-teacher agreement on children's problems in 21 societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rescorla, Leslie A; Bochicchio, Lauren

    2014-01-01

    Parent-teacher cross-informant agreement, although usually modest, may provide important clinical information. Using data for 27,962 children from 21 societies, we asked the following: (a) Do parents report more problems than teachers, and does this vary by society, age, gender, or type of problem? (b) Does parent-teacher agreement vary across different problem scales or across societies? (c) How well do parents and teachers in different societies agree on problem item ratings? (d) How much do parent-teacher dyads in different societies vary in within-dyad agreement on problem items? (e) How well do parents and teachers in 21 societies agree on whether the child's problem level exceeds a deviance threshold? We used five methods to test agreement for Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Teacher's Report Form (TRF) ratings. CBCL scores were higher than TRF scores on most scales, but the informant differences varied in magnitude across the societies studied. Cross-informant correlations for problem scale scores varied moderately across societies studied and were significantly higher for Externalizing than Internalizing problems. Parents and teachers tended to rate the same items as low, medium, or high, but within-dyad item agreement varied widely in every society studied. In all societies studied, both parental noncorroboration of teacher-reported deviance and teacher noncorroboration of parent-reported deviance were common. Our findings underscore the importance of obtaining information from parents and teachers when evaluating and treating children, highlight the need to use multiple methods of quantifying cross-informant agreement, and provide comprehensive baselines for patterns of parent-teacher agreement across 21 societies.

  5. Teacher Perceptions of Parent and Teacher Participation in Shared Decision Making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Correa, Jorge; Bauch, Patricia A.

    The examination of teachers' perceptions of the role of parent and teacher participation in shared decision making provides insight on whether teachers view themselves as influencing decision making at their schools. The study explored the perceptions that Florida teachers of the year have about the involvement of teachers, administrators, and…

  6. Conceptual Physics for Parents and Teachers. Volume 1: Mechanics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hewitt, Paul G.

    For a variety of reasons, too many adults--especially parents and teachers--feel inadequate in science, particularly in physics. This book represents an attempt to help parents and elementary school teachers strengthen their conceptual knowledge of physics. Cartoons are used throughout the reading to illustrate and reinforce concepts. This…

  7. School Governance and Teachers' Attitudes to Parents' Involvement in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Addi-Raccah, Audrey; Ainhoren, Ronit

    2009-01-01

    This study probes teachers' attitudes toward parental involvement in schools as a function of four types of school governance as suggested by Bauch and Goldring. Participants of the study included headteachers, chairpersons of parents' committees, and teachers of 11 primary schools in a medium-sized town in Israel. A discriminant analysis found…

  8. Parent-teacher agreement on ADHD symptoms across development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narad, Megan E; Garner, Annie A; Peugh, James L; Tamm, Leanne; Antonini, Tanya N; Kingery, Kathleen M; Simon, John O; Epstein, Jeffery N

    2015-03-01

    Parent-teacher agreement on attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptom ratings ranges from low to moderate. Most studies evaluating parent-teacher agreement have not assessed measurement invariance across raters. Hence, it is unclear whether discordance across raters is due to differing ADHD constructs across raters or other factors (e.g., subjective differences across raters). Additionally, the effect of development on parent-teacher agreement is relatively unknown. To address these limitations, the present study used parent and teacher ADHD ratings from a large (N = 6,659) developmentally diverse (ages 4-17) sample. Using exploratory structural equation modeling on half the sample, and then confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) on the other half of the sample, confirmed a 2-factor structure with significant cross-loadings for the 18 ADHD symptoms. CFA invariance analyses demonstrated that the 2-factor symptom structure was similar across raters and age groups. After confirming measurement invariance, the correlation between latent factors within and across raters was examined for each age group as well as across age groups. Parents reported greater severity of ADHD symptoms than did teachers, and both parents and teachers reported higher levels of hyperactivity/impulsivity in younger children than in older children and consistent levels of inattention across development. Finally, correlations between parent-teacher ratings of like factors were weak for inattention and moderate-strong for hyperactivity/impulsivity, and the magnitude of parent-teacher agreement did not vary across development. In conclusion, while parent and teacher ratings of ADHD behaviors are only weakly to moderately correlated, each reporter provides unique and valid clinical information as it relates to ADHD symptom presentation. PMID:25222436

  9. Parent Empowerment: Connecting with Preservice Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Mary M.; Handyside, Lisa M.; Straka, Leslie A.; Arton-Titus, Tabatha V.

    2013-01-01

    Parent empowerment includes the ability to meet the needs of one's family while feeling in control. This phenomenological study seeks to understand the experience of 71 parents of children with disabilities who participated with pre-service teachers in a 16-week special education course between 2006 and 2010. Analysis of pre-course and post-course…

  10. Parent as Teacher: Perspective of Function and Context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boger, Robert; And Others

    A review of the research literature on parents as teachers yields several conclusions concerning the context and function of the family in the child's learning and development: (1) the parent-as-educator functions in the context of a complex family eco-system which interfaces efficiently or inefficiently with other systems, such as the school; (2)…

  11. Children with Bipolar Disorder: What Parents and Teachers Can Do.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoofnagle, Laura

    2002-01-01

    Describes bipolar disorder, also known as manic depression, examining how it is treated; what parents can do (e.g., have the child evaluated, network with other parents, and request a meeting with school staff to determine necessary accommodations); and what teachers can do (e.g., be patient, learn about the disorder, educate fellow staff members,…

  12. Hostesses of Literacy: Librarians, Writing Teachers, Writing Centers, and a Historical Quest for Ethos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohan, Liz

    2002-01-01

    Critiques and advances an understanding for a method of establishing ethos-- promoting one's field by distinguishing it from work associated with women. Provides some reasons why this might have been important to women librarians and argues how this process applies to particular exigencies in the contemporary fields of library science and of…

  13. Teacher Librarians: Canaries in the Mines of the Public Culture Crisis. What Is at Stake in the Technological Transformation of Our Schools and Libraries?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menzies, Heather

    1998-01-01

    The ongoing restructuring of a mobile, global, digital, postindustrial economy and the consequent trend toward commodified information present challenges to teacher librarians: emphasizing education as engaged learning, recognizing overextension, emphasizing unmeasurable spiritual and cultural values, using ecological or social-bonding models of…

  14. The Librarian as Teacher: Instructing the Next Generation of Information-Literate Scientists at Case Western Reserve University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Claspy, William P.

    Scientists have nearly unlimited access to research directly at their desktops. Troubling to us as librarians is the scientist's ability (or inability!) to effectively access this information. The University Library at CWRU, like most academic libraries, has been faced with declining gate counts and reference transactions. In order to ensure that our students will know how to use the digital materials that we make available to them, we have implemented a primary initiative to increase our teaching role on campus. We aim to create an information-literate community that knows how to navigate the new digital library. Library instruction to academic departments in the physical sciences is an unusual mix, but one that we have had success with at CWRU. In order to reach this group of information seekers, we have had success by using the following methods to reach our community: 1. Partnering with other constituencies on campus 2. Creating new ways to provide instruction 3. Assessment of teaching tools and student learning By taking the library and our instruction to the physical sciences community, we are in the process of creating information-literate students who will be more successful as graduate students and researchers in the future. With this program, our role has changed from traditional librarian to teacher.

  15. Exploring the Emotional Geographies of Parent-Teacher Candidate Interactions: An Emerging Signature Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dotger, Benjamin H.; Harris, Steven; Maher, Michael; Hansel, Amber

    2011-01-01

    This article explores preservice teachers' emotional responses to simulated parent-teacher conferences. The authors examine the transfer of a medical education pedagogy as it is diffused to teacher education, scrutinizing the types of emotional responses teachers exhibited as they engaged with standardized parents in six clinical parent

  16. Preparing for Parents: How Australian Teacher Education Is Addressing the Question of Parent-School Engagement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saltmarsh, Sue; Barr, Jenny; Chapman, Amy

    2015-01-01

    Parent-school engagement is widely embraced as a policy and educational ideal, yet to date there are few studies of how teacher education prepares students for this important aspect of their professional lives. In this paper, we consider findings from a recent Australian study that explored how the issue of parent-school relations is currently…

  17. Librarian-Teacher Partnerships for Inquiry Learning: Measures of Effectiveness for a Practice-Based Model of Professional Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joyce Yukawa

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – This study analyzed the effects of a practice-based model of professional development on the teaching and collaborative practices of 9 teams of librarians and teachers, who created and implemented units of inquiry-focused study with K-12 students during a yearlong course. The authors describe how the collection and analysis of evidence guided the development team in the formative and summative evaluations of the outcomes of the professional development, as well as the long-term results of participation in this initiative.Methods – The authors used an interpretive, participative approach. The first author was the external reviewer for the project; the second author headed the development team and served as a participant-observer. Triangulated data were collected from participants in the form of learning logs, discussion board postings, interviews, questionnaires, and learning portfolios consisting of unit and lesson plans and student work samples with critiques. Data were also collected from the professional development designers in the form of meeting notes, responses to participants, interviews, and course documents. For two years following the end of the formal course, the authors also conducted follow-up email correspondence with all teams and site visits with six teams to determine sustained or expanded implementation of inquiry-focused, collaborative curriculum development. Results – The practice-based approach to professional development required continual modification of the course design and timely, individualized mentoring and feedback, based on analysis and co-reflection by the developers on the evidence gathered through participant logs, reports, and school site visits. Modeling the inquiry process in their own course development work and making this process transparent to the participating community were essential to improvement. Course participants reported beneficial results in both immediate and long-term changes in practice. The summative evaluation identified significant changes in practice in three areas: (1 the design of inquiry-focused learning, (2 the roles of the teacher and librarian in collaborative development of instruction, and (3 the impact on student performance. Two years after the yearlong professional development course, most participants indicated that they continued to incorporate inquiry-based approaches, and over half of the participants were involving other colleagues at their schools in inquiry-focused practices. Six of the librarians assumed major curricular roles in their respective schools. Conclusion – The practice-based model of professional development appears to be effective and sustainable. It has been tested and modified by other development teams in the last two years. More extensive use of the model in other contexts with further testing and refinement by other developers is needed to ensure that the model is robust and widely applicable.

  18. INCLUSIVE EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION: TEACHERS AND PARENTS PERCEPTION

    OpenAIRE

    PRASHANT THOTE; Mathew, L.; Rathoure, D. P. S.

    2013-01-01

    All areas of education face changes and challenges constantly. Early childhood education is no exception. A recent challenge teachers face in early childhood education is the advent of inclusion. Implementing inclusion in early childhood classrooms creates more diversity among the children. Inclusion of students with various disabilities has caused concern among parents and teachers. There are some concerns that need special attention when including students with disabilities in the early chi...

  19. Resilience Guide for Parents and Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... how to make friends, including the skill of empathy, or feeling another's pain. Encourage your child to ... to parents to make them feel safe. Reinforce empathy and help your child keep perspective. When your ...

  20. A sociological study of parent-teacher relations in public secondary schools in Pakistan

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad, Syed Munir

    2010-01-01

    This qualitative study explores parent-teacher relations in public secondary schools in Pakistan in order to understand the interaction and communication between parents and teachers. The study is guided by Bourdieu’s conceptual and analytical tools of capital, habitus and field and uses these to disentangle the underlying structures and practices of parents and teachers. The thesis argues that the relations and practices of parents and teachers are not inert entities; rather they are dynam...

  1. The DELF in Canada: Perceptions of Students, Teachers, and Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandergrift, Larry

    2015-01-01

    The "Diplôme d'études de langue française" (DELF) has recently gained attention in Canada for its potential as a national French second language (FSL) proficiency test. This article explores the perceptions of students, teachers, and parents in various school jurisdictions across Canada on a range of issues related to the DELF test…

  2. What Teachers and Parents Should Know about Ritalin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prater, Mary Anne; Pancheri, Christina

    1999-01-01

    Presents basic information on Ritalin, a frequently prescribed stimulant medication for students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. A quiz evaluates the reader's knowledge level and is followed by an explanation of the correct answers. Also considered are pros and cons of Ritalin use, teachers' and parents' responses to the quiz, and…

  3. Teacher, Parent and Student Perceptions of the Motives of Cyberbullies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Compton, Louise; Campbell, Marilyn A.; Mergler, Amanda

    2014-01-01

    Understanding the motivation of students who cyberbully is important for both prevention and intervention efforts for this insidious form of bullying. This qualitative exploratory study used focus groups to examine the views of teachers, parents and students as to the motivation of students who cyberbully and who bully in other traditional forms.…

  4. Social Discomfort in Preadolescence: Predictors of Discrepancies between Preadolescents and Their Parents and Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tu, Kelly M.; Erath, Stephen A.

    2013-01-01

    The present study investigated whether salient preadolescent behaviors and experiences predicted parents' and teachers' underestimation of preadolescents' shyness. Participants included a community sample of 129 fifth and sixth graders, along with one parent and teacher per preadolescent. Preadolescents, parents, and teachers provided reports…

  5. Parent Participation and Children's School Readiness: The Effects of Parental Self-Efficacy, Cultural Diversity and Teacher Strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelletier, Janette; Brent, Julaine M.

    2002-01-01

    This study examined parent factors and teacher strategies fostering parent involvement and efficacy in a Canadian preschool intervention program in the Toronto area. Both English-as-a-second-language and English-speaking parent groups participated in school-based Parenting and Readiness Center programs with their 4-year-olds. Findings suggested…

  6. Being a librarian for young people - yes!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elizabeta Hriberšek-Balkovec

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The development of information sources and their presence in libraries has rosen some new questions for the librarians for young people. What should their role be, should they become only instructors for the use of information sources or should they become mediators between information source and user? Or should they in the first pla?e remain experts and counsellors, specialized in children and youth literature, for children, their parents, educators, teachers and others working with young people? How to find and keep one's pla?e in the frames of librarianship? Are special forms of training needed for librarians working with young people; in this context, more attention should be payed to the hands-on training with new information sources.

  7. Dig: The Archeology Magazine for Kids, Parents, and Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dig magazine is published by Cobblestone Publishing Company, a division of the Cricket Magazine Group, in cooperation with the Archaeological Institute of America. "Dig brings the excitement, mystery, wonder, and fun of archaeology, paleontology, and earth sciences to children 8 - 13 years old in a style that both entertains and educates its young readers." The Parents and Teachers Web site contains several free teacher's guides, online quizzes, activities and games, other archeological resources, and more. Although the magazine is not fully available for free online, the other resources provided on the site make it worth utilizing.

  8. INCLUSIVE EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION: TEACHERS AND PARENTS PERCEPTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PRASHANT THOTE

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available All areas of education face changes and challenges constantly. Early childhood education is no exception. A recent challenge teachers face in early childhood education is the advent of inclusion. Implementing inclusion in early childhood classrooms creates more diversity among the children. Inclusion of students with various disabilities has caused concern among parents and teachers. There are some concerns that need special attention when including students with disabilities in the early childhood classrooms. Reforming public education to accommodate the needs of special education children placed in regular classrooms is a vital issue .For several years there have been arguments concerning the placement of children with disabilities in the regular classrooms. When inclusion children are placed in the regular classrooms the teachers are required to provide individualized instruction for the inclusion children. This may take away the time the teacher have to spend with the other children. The inclusion of children in regular classrooms have been both positive and negative effects. This means, with respect to all stages of the education system, including early childhood, that all children , regardless of their disability, can attend their local educational setting, and have their learning and development needs met through the provision of high-quality care and education For inclusive early childhood education to be successful, early childhood teachers as well as parents and members of the wider community need to embrace and practice inclusion. Parents of children without disabilities may bring with them attitudes and understandings that can lead to social exclusions, restrictions and disadvantages for all children with disabilities and their family in their early childhood setting and neighbourhood community. In this paper, we tried to highlight the attitudes and understandings of some parents of non-disabled children towards the inclusion and teaching of children with disabilities in regular early childhood settings and the consequences that resulted from the exclusionary and inclusionary constructions that these parents took up to define and understand disability and inclusion. We then offer some ideas and strategies for dialogue that may help early childhood teachers appropriately respond to this issue at own capacity .

  9. Getting it together: instructional collaboration between students, parents and teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Tabin, Yvonne Emilie

    1999-01-01

    This study examines qualitative and quantitative data from students, their parents, and their teachers at the Grades 4 to 7 levels in order to understand: (a) the expectations of each party for the other with respect to collaboration based on instructional concerns, and (b) whether and how these expectations are met within the web of instructional relationships among the three parties. The study ultimately addresses a third research question: How can triad relationships be improved?  ...

  10. Is It a Case of "We Know When We're Not Wanted?" The Parents' Perspective on Parent-Teacher Roles and Relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crozier, Gill

    1999-01-01

    Interviews with 58 parents (71% working class) and 15 teachers in a British secondary school suggested that working-class parents were committed to children's education but view school as separate from their everyday culture. Parents and teachers viewed their roles as a division of labor, reinforcing parents' view of teachers as professional…

  11. Does a successful teacher educate like a good parent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ševkuši?-Mandi? Slavica G.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the assumption on the importance of influence that school and family exert on child development, the paper analyzes the effects of parental treatments on child social behavior. Empirical evidence proves that parents who contribute to the fullest extent to their children’s successful adaptation to school conditions, possess a specific style of communication with their children: they consistently support just behavior standards encourage a two-way communication, respect child’s opinions, are highly expectant of child’s responsible and mature behavior and care about his physical and emotional well-being. However, there is relatively lesser empirical evidence of teacher contributions to child successful adaptation to school conditions. The findings of more recent studies on the problem indicate that adaptation of younger age children significantly correlates with the quality of relations established with teacher, characterized by warmness, conflict absence and frank communication. The possibility of solving the problems children encounter is found in cooperation of school and family. A child generalizes his experience of family interpersonal relations onto relations he will find himself in throughout his life. In addition to family, the classes where cooperative relations intensively develop are a favorable base for socio-emotional development. Democratic and cooperative climate contribute to stronger ties between students. Joint activities of teachers, parents and peers, in and out of the class, are of crucial importance for student optimal socio-emotional development.

  12. Teachers and parents as a source of stereotype formation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ?eri? Ivana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Teachers and parents play an important role in developing and maintaining stereotype beliefs in children and youth, and therefore this paper discusses their role and importance for the development and manifestations of stereotypes in children. Authors' intention is to introduce the readers to the developmental prerequisites of stereotype formation in children and youth, to point out to the ways in which adults exert influence on children's understanding of stereotypes and to discover how stereotypes mediate in the interaction between teachers and parents. Studies imply that the development of stereotype beliefs in children is conditioned by developmental changes on the cognitive level and that the first indications of stereotypes occur in the third, that is, fourth year of life. The first sources of stereotype formation are parents, who, as a model for socialization, promote the social and cultural norms and express certain behavioral patterns which are then "imprinted" in the repertoire of child's behavior. Teachers present an important source of stereotypes, whether we are talking about their roles in carrying over the pattern of the dominant culture or we are dealing with the stereotypical perception of the pupils of different categories (such as, for example, ethnic background, gender. This paper also points out to the categories of pupils that are more sensitive to stereotypes in educational context.

  13. Primary Prevention Knowledge of Parents and Teachers of Nursery and Play Group on Childhood Sexual Abuse

    OpenAIRE

    Nnenna Clara Okoroafor

    2012-01-01

    This research explored child sexual abuse (CSA), knowledge and prevention media among parents of pupils and teachers of nursery schools and playgroup. This research was conducted in qualitative mythology, through in-depth interviews (IDIs), and focus group discussions (FGD). In-depth interview held for 10 nursery school teachers and playgroup teachers. For children aged 0-5 years, FGD was conducted towards 10 parents of nursery School and 12 parents of playgroup. The study explored the follow...

  14. The structure and use of the teacher and parent Maltese Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire

    OpenAIRE

    Carmel Cefai; Liberato Camilleri; Paul Cooper; Lara Said

    2011-01-01

    The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) (Goodman, 1997) is one of the most commonly used measures of mental health in children and young people and has been translated into more than forty languages. This paper discusses the translation of the SDQ in Maltese and explores the structure and use of the teacher and parent Maltese translations. 4797 school teachers and 2865 parents completed the Maltese teacher and parent SDQ respectively. The results indicate that the Maltese SDQ, part...

  15. The Changing Nature of Parent-Teacher Communication: Mode Selection in the Smartphone Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Blair Christopher; Mazer, Joseph P.; Flood Grady, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    Parent-teacher communication continues to evolve due to smartphones and other new communication technologies. In all, 1,349 parents completed the Parental Academic Support Scale to assess the frequency and importance of communication across modes. Confirmatory analysis revealed a good model fit. Media richness theory was applied to parents'…

  16. The Effects of Parental Involvement, Trust in Parents, Trust in Students and Pupil Control Ideology on Conflict Management Strategies of Early Childhood Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakus, Mehmet; Savas, Ahmet Cezmi

    2012-01-01

    In this study it was aimed to determine the effects of parental involvement, teachers' trust in parents and students, and teachers' pupil control ideology on the conflict management strategies used by teachers in classroom management. Data were collected from a sample of 254 teachers through paper and pencil questionnaires. Data were analyzed with…

  17. Teachers and parents as researchers using multiple baseline designs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, R V; Cristler, C; Cranston, S S; Tucker, B

    1970-01-01

    Two teachers and a parent used three basic multiple baseline designs to investigate the effects of systematic reinforcement and punishment procedures in the classroom and at home. (1) A fifth-grade teacher concurrently measured the same behavior (tardiness) in three stimulus situations (after morning, noon, and afternoon recesses). Posting the names of pupils on a chart titled "Today's Patriots" was made contingent on being on time after the noon recess, then successively also the morning and afternoon recesses. Tardiness was reduced to near zero rates at the points where contingencies were applied. (2) A highschool teacher recorded the same behavior (daily French-quiz grades) of three students. She then successively applied the same consequences (staying after school for individual tutoring for D and F grades) for each student. At the points where the contingency was applied, D and F grades were eliminated. (3) A mother concurrently measured three different behaviors (clarinet practice, Campfire project work, reading) of her 10-yr-old daughter. She successively applied the same contingency (going to bed early) for less than 30 min spent engaged in one after another of the behaviors. Marked increases in the behaviors were observed at the points where the contingency was applied. PMID:16795265

  18. I, Librarian

    OpenAIRE

    Kruger, Hilda

    2013-01-01

    The fast and continuous technological change that is characteristic of the information society we find ourselves in has demonstrable impact on the way librarians go about their business. This paper offers a scenario of technological changes already in the pipeline and yet to come, and how those changes will impact the role of librarians in the future. One of the main concerns of this paper is the continued relevance of information professionals as infomediaries in our future society.

  19. Parent and Teacher Ratings of Communication among Children with Severe Disabilities and Visual Impairment/Blindness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cascella, Paul W.; Trief, Ellen; Bruce, Susan M.

    2012-01-01

    Three trends emerged from independent parent and teacher ratings of receptive communication and expressive forms and functions among students with severe disabilities and visual impairment/blindness. Parents had higher ratings than teachers, receptive communication was rated the highest, and no skills occurred often. Implications are discussed for…

  20. From a Medicinal to Educational Context: Implementing a Signature Pedagogy for Enhanced Parent-Teacher Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dotger, Benjamin H.

    2009-01-01

    Many teachers are not well prepared for, nor are they being trained to communicate effectively with, parents/caregivers from the different backgrounds and cultures with whom they will interact. Yet, one knows that teachers' professional communication skills are important as they work with parents to promote the success of all children in the…

  1. Violent and Prosocial Behavior by Adolescents toward Parents and Teachers in a Community Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaureguizar, Joana; Ibabe, Izaskun; Straus, Murray A.

    2013-01-01

    This study focused on violent and prosocial behaviors by adolescents toward parents and teachers, and the relation between such behaviors and adolescents' perceptions about the family and school environment. Gender differences in child-to-parent violence and student-to-teacher violence were also studied. The sample comprised 687 adolescents…

  2. Twins and Kindergarten Separation: Divergent Beliefs of Principals, Teachers, Parents, and Twins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Lynn Melby

    2015-01-01

    Should principals enforce mandatory separation of twins in kindergarten? Do school separation beliefs of principals differ from those of teachers, parents of twins, and twins themselves? This survey questioned 131 elementary principals, 54 kindergarten teachers, 201 parents of twins, and 112 twins. A majority of principals (71%) believed that…

  3. The Interactive Effects of Perceived Parental Involvement and Personality on Teacher Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Chung-Kai; Hung, Chia-Hung

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: This study aims to examine the relations between teachers' perception of parental involvement and teacher satisfaction. It further aims to investigate how this relationship may be moderated by interpersonal personality traits. Design/methodology/approach: A questionnaire was conducted; participants were 572 classroom teachers who teach at…

  4. Peer Victimization in Korean Preschool Children: The Effects of Child Characteristics, Parenting Behaviours and Teacher-Child Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Yoolim; Kim, Hye Yeon

    2008-01-01

    This research investigated the influence of child characteristics, parenting behaviours and teacher-child relationships in order to ascertain peer victimization among 297 Korean preschool children. Peer victimization, child social behaviours and teacher-child relationships were assessed through teacher reports. Parents completed parenting

  5. How to Handle Difficult Parents: Proven Solutions for Teachers. Second Edition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tingley, Suzanne Capek

    2012-01-01

    "How to Handle Difficult Parents" is a funny, but practical, guide to working effectively with parents and avoiding unnecessary conflict. Whether you're a teacher (regular or special education) or a coach, this book will give you practical suggestions regarding what to say and how to say it to parents who question your lesson plans, challenge your…

  6. Defining the "Good Mother" and the "Professional Teacher": Parent-Teacher Relationships in an Affluent School District

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landeros, Mary

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the challenges of parent-teacher relationships in an affluent school district, drawing on 30 in-depth interviews of mothers and elementary school teachers in the USA. Professional women who have put their careers on hold to care for their children are apt to define being a good mother in terms of the academic achievement of…

  7. Teachers’ and Parental Attribution for School Performance of Ethnic Majority and Minority Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inge B. Wissink

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This study examines whether teachers’ and parental attributions for children’s school performance differ depending on the ethnic background of the child. Using both quantitative and qualitative methods, real-life attributions within 54 teacher - parent conversations (15 ethnic majority; 39 minority were examined. The results indicated that, compared with majority children, teachers attributed school performance of minority children more often to effort (also after controlling for the child’s level of school performance. At the same time, the analyses showed that these differences in attributional behavior co-occur with differences in the teacher-parents’ interaction and should be understood through including the conversational setting in which these attributions were made. The results are discussed in light of what the particular mismatches and lack of congruence in explaining school success between parents and teachers mean for the school performance of minority children.

  8. Qatar’s Educational Reform: The Experiences and Perceptions of Principals, Teachers and Parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael H Romanowski

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This study describes the implications of the massive Qatari educational reform, Education For a New Era (EFNE, from the perspectives of teachers, principals, and parents provides insight into these stakeholders perceptions regarding how EFNE has impacted teaching and learning and the new challenges they face. This qualitative study uses open-ended questionnaires, focus groups and interviews. Survey data is collected from 18 Independent Schools including 17 principals, 413 teachers and 565 parents and interviews with 17 principals, 26 teachers and 50 parents. Findings describe the effects, impact, the challenges and the advantages and disadvantages of EFNE on these stakeholders.  

  9. Interrelationships between Parenting Styles and Teachers Involvement: From Children’s Emotion Regulation Competence Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mei-Ju Chou

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of different parenting styles and teachers’ strategies in classroom interaction for emotion regulation development in preschool children. The quantitative approach employed instruments to measure parenting style and emotion regulation scores. The qualitative approach involved classroom observations and interviews with the teachers. The data revealed to implement an authoritative parenting style. In addition, there is a significant difference in the emotion regulation scores. The results indicated that teachers’ act strategies in classroom interactions widely affected children’s emotion regulation. The study suggested both professional development programs and workshops should be applied to develop a consistent approach to classroom interaction.

  10. "I Feel Much More Confident Now to Talk with Parents": An Evaluation of In-Service Training on Teacher-Parent Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Symeou, Loizos; Roussounidou, Eleni; Michaelides, Michalis

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes a teacher in-service training program on teacher-parent communication in Cyprus and its impact on teacher trainees. Data were gathered through questionnaires completed by teachers prior to their training and after having tried, in real school settings, the communication skills and approaches taught during the course. The…

  11. "The lunatics have taken over the asylum": A phenomenological perspective on parent-teacher relationships

    OpenAIRE

    Jackie Laluvein

    2006-01-01

    Contextualisation My research explores the relationships between the parent/carers of children with special educational needs and their teachers. The section of analysis detailed in this paper draws upon the interviews given by the mother as parent (P) and class teacher (T) of an 11 year old boy described as having ‘emotional and behavioural difficulties’. Using a phenomenological perspective, microsystems and/or environments are described in terms of how they are perceived or ...

  12. IMAGE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF PARENTS AND TEACHERS

    OpenAIRE

    Rahim Md. Sail; Khadijah Alavi; Abd. Hair Awang

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to understand the perception of the image and pride of working in the technical and vocational fields from the perspective of parents and teachers in secondary schools. This study was conducted in two zones, namely North (Kedah) and central zone (Selangor). Two schools were chosen from each zone, one from the city (Kajang) and the other one from rural (Dengkil), which are sufficient to obtain the views of parents and teachers. Purposive sampling was...

  13. Cooperation of Preschool Teachers and Parents – The Differences in Environments with Different Socio-Economics Status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Janžekovi? Žmauc

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Preschool education is not possible without the cooperation of the parents, because it represents a complement to family education. Socio-economic status of parents is one of the factors that affect the cooperation of preschool teachers and parents. The empirical study checked whether there are differences in the types and frequency of participation of preschool teachers and parents in the areas of two Slovenian statistical regions that differ in the socio-economic status. We found that preschool teachers in the environment with lower socio-economic status more often cooperate with parents in some formal and informal modes of cooperation than they do in the environment with higher socio-economic status.

  14. Students with Asperger's Syndrome in an Inclusive Secondary School Environment: Teachers', Parents', and Students' Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hay, Ian; Winn, Stephen

    2005-01-01

    This qualitative study used focus groups and interviews to investigate the inclusion of students with Asperger's Syndrome (AS) into secondary education from the perspectives of: general teachers; special education teachers; students with AS; and their parents (N = 122). Across the four cohorts, five main themes emerged, however, different cohorts…

  15. Some Aspects of Teaching Media Literacy to Preschool Children in Slovenia from a Perception Standpoint of Teachers and Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vodopivec, Jurka Lepicnik

    2011-01-01

    This paper deals with media literacy as a multidimensional skill that parents and teachers possess. In this context we warn of the media-technical aspect of this skill and, within this aspect, of parents' and teachers' opinion on the presence of media in children's lives. Following that, the paper explores teachers' media-didactic competence as a…

  16. Beginning Reading: The Views of Parents and Teachers of Young Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evans, Mary Ann; Fox, Maureen; Cremaso, Louise; McKinnon, Lori

    2004-01-01

    The authors examined the views of parents and teachers regarding beginning reading instruction using the questionnaire Approaches to Beginning Reading and Reading Instruction (ABRRI). Parents also rated the importance of 9 developmental areas, including literacy, and the extent to which home and school were responsible for each. Two components…

  17. Dysgraphia: Why Johnny Can't Write: A Handbook for Teachers and Parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavey, Diane Walton

    Intended for teachers and parents, the handbook provides suggestions for diagnosis and remediation of the learning disability dysgraphia (difficulty with handwriting). The seven chapters have the following titles and sample subtopics: (1) "The Student with a Learning Disability" (what causes dysgraphia, the Gerstmann Syndrome); (2) "Parents'…

  18. Korean-English Dual Language Immersion: Perspectives of Students, Parents and Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jin Sook; Jeong, Eunsook

    2013-01-01

    This qualitative study examines the experiences of Korean-American students, parents and teachers in a newly instituted 50/50 Korean-English dual language immersion programme, where the majority of the students are of Korean descent. Based on home and school observations, as well as interviews with six Korean-American students and their parents

  19. Student Behaviour and Emotional Challenges for Teachers and Parents in Hong Kong

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forlin, Chris; Cooper, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Social, emotional, and behavioural disorders of children, within the context of a whole-school approach to inclusion as adopted by Hong Kong, can be challenging for teachers and parents. Based on a comprehensive review of the literature and feedback from a range of experts and parent groups in Hong Kong, specific scales were developed to measure…

  20. Homeschooling Parent/Teachers' Perceptions on Educating Struggling High School Students and their College Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCullough, Brenda Tracy

    2013-01-01

    A general problem is that testing a homeschooled child for learning disabilities (LD) is not required in the state of Texas and therefore dependent on the homeschooling parent's recognition and desire to test. A qualitative exploratory method was used to determine the perceptions of parent/teachers on their struggling high school…

  1. The Role of Informal Parent and Teacher Assessment in Diagnosing Learning Disabilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sikora, Darryn M.; Plapinger, Donald S.

    1997-01-01

    This study compared parent and teacher perceptions of academic performance and cognitive deficits with the standardized test performance of 19 students (ages 7-13) with hearing impairments. Results indicate that parents and educators were equally skilled in predicting academic performance, but had greater difficulty predicting specific cognitive…

  2. Measuring the Relationship between Parent, Teacher, and Student Problem Behavior Reports and Academic Achievement: Implications for School Counselors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Kaprea; Hannon, Michael D.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between academic achievement and reports of student problem behavior from teachers, parents, and child self-reports. Participants included 108 teachers, 113 parents/caregivers, and 129 students from an urban school in the Northeast region of the United States. Results suggest parent and child reports were…

  3. "You Cannot Learn This from a Book:" Pre-Service Teachers Developing Empathy towards Parents of Children with Special Educational Needs (SEN) via Parent Stories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broomhead, Karen E.

    2013-01-01

    Teacher education for inclusive education is a key priority in the UK and internationally, with much research exploring how pre-service teachers can be prepared to educate pupils with Special Educational Needs (SEN). However, this has resulted in less consideration of how pre-service teachers can be prepared to work with the "parents" of…

  4. Using Theoretical Models to Examine the Acceptance Behavior of Mobile Phone Messaging to Enhance Parent-Teacher Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Li-Hsing; Hung, Chang-Liang; Chen, Hui-Chun

    2013-01-01

    Student academic performance and social competence are influenced positively by parent involvement; effective parent-teacher communication not builds parent reliance on a school, it enhances parent knowledge of raising children. As information technology develops rapidly, it is already a trend that e-communication is replacing traditional paper…

  5. Cooperation Between Migrant Parents and Teachers in School: A Resource?

    OpenAIRE

    Martha Lea

    2012-01-01

    Even smaller Western countries receive immigrants from remote areas with poorer living conditions. As stated in the U.N. Child Convention, immigrant children should be given equal opportunities in education. Parents are always interested in their children’s future, and education may gain from stronger cooperation between school and parents. Some research shows that even illiterate parents may support their children’s training in a second language (Cummins, 1986/2001, p. 665). Dialogues be...

  6. More Research Needed on Librarian Teaching Anxiety. A Review of: Davis, Kaetrena D. “The Academic Librarian as Instructor: A Study of Teacher Anxiety.” College & Undergraduate Libraries 14.2 (2007:77?101.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephanie J. Schulte

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To identify the types of librarian teaching anxiety and the coping mechanisms that often accompany it and to compare those findings with those described by Showalter in “Teaching Literature”; also, to examine whether perceptions of librarians from both inside and outside the profession influence teaching anxiety.Design – A 35?item online questionnaire created using Zoomerang; a link to the questionnaire was distributed through the Information Literacy Instruction Listserv (ILI?L.Subjects – Subscribers to ILI?L. There were approximately 3,700 subscribers to ILI?L at the time of the study. This electronic mailing list is sponsored by the Instruction Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries and is moderated.Methods – As previously mentioned, a link to the questionnaire was distributed via the ILI?L. Requests for participation were sent to the list three times during the six weeks the survey was open for responses. The questionnaire consisted primarily of multiple choice questions, several with the option to enter a free text “Other” response, as well as four Likert?type questions. After the survey closed, the collected data was analyzed using SPSS. The article did not indicate when the survey was completed.Main Results – 687 responses were collected. Of those, 657 were completed. Surveys were assessed for accuracy, during which 305 responses were eliminated, resulting in 382 “viable” responses (84. Accuracy assessments consisted of throwing out surveys in which respondents answered questions inappropriately, however, an explanation of what constituted an inappropriate response is not included. Nearly three quarters of respondents (74% indicated they enjoyed teaching. This trend did not appear to be related to the number of years of experience as a librarian. The majority of respondents (58% had never taught full semester or quarter courses, whereas “virtually all” (86 had taught one?shot instructional sessions. Sixty?three percent of respondents noted being nervous prior to teaching. Although 40% of respondents noted having no physical symptoms of anxiety, of those who did, the main symptoms included sweating and upset stomach. Sixty?five percent of respondents noted experiencing mental or emotional symptoms, mainly identified as worries about being sufficiently prepared and answering tough questions (40% and fear of public speaking (27%. These mental and emotional symptoms were noted to occur often in the case of 29% of respondents, and at least some of the time in 41% of respondents. Nearly three quarters of the respondents reported using personal strategies for dealing with teaching anxiety, including over?preparation, joining groups where they were able to practice public speaking, and prayer. Most (84% did not have routines or rituals that they followed prior to teaching.Some additional findings were presented regarding librarians’ perceptions of themselves as well as perceptions of librarians by other faculty. Eighty?four percent of respondents agreed or somewhat agreed that there are many differences in the roles and duties of librarians and paraprofessionals, while 78% agreed or somewhat agreed that faculty do not understand the librarian’s teaching role. Thirty?five percent noted defending teaching roles to other librarians.Conclusion – The role of librarians in academic institutions continues to evolve and include more teaching. As an increasing number of librarians regularly teach and move to teaching semester?long credit courses, the subject of teaching anxiety will continue to grow in importance. This small study draws attention to the need for more research in this area.

  7. Qatar’s Educational Reform: The Experiences and Perceptions of Principals, Teachers and Parents

    OpenAIRE

    Romanowski, Michael H.; Maha Cherif; Badria Al Ammari; Asma Al Attiyah

    2013-01-01

    This study describes the implications of the massive Qatari educational reform, Education For a New Era (EFNE), from the perspectives of teachers, principals, and parents provides insight into these stakeholders perceptions regarding how EFNE has impacted teaching and learning and the new challenges they face. This qualitative study uses open-ended questionnaires, focus groups and interviews. Survey data is collected from 18 Independent Schools including 17 principals, 413 teachers and 565 pa...

  8. Preschoolers, parents, and teachers (PPT): a preventive intervention with an at risk population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draper, Kay; Siegel, Christine; White, Joanna; Solis, Caroline M; Mishna, Faye

    2009-04-01

    The importance of early intervention with children who are at risk for mental health problems is widely recognized. Relationships with significant adults (parents, other caregivers, and teachers) are critically important in young children's lives and can make a tremendous difference in the trajectory of a child's future. This study utilized a waiting-control group design to examine the effects on student behavior and parent stress of play-based interventions designed to improve the relationships between parents and their children (i.e., Filial Therapy), and teachers and their students (i.e., Kinder Training). To incorporate the benefits of group work, the eight-week intervention was delivered to parents in a small-group format. Teachers participated in a one-day group training with weekly coaching and dyadic consultation for on-going support. Results at post-intervention indicated that teachers perceived children in the intervention group to exhibit significantly less problem behavior than students in the waiting-control group. Although results suggest that the intervention had no demonstrable effect on parent stress, qualitative results indicate otherwise. Implications for practice and research are discussed. PMID:19441968

  9. Bullying Amongst Parents and Teachers at an American International School: Informing School Development and Policy

    OpenAIRE

    Paul James

    2012-01-01

    This paper has sought to explore the everyday experiences of parent-teacher bullying within a purposefully selected American International school.The paper utilises a qualitative approach targeting an American International school using a small semi-structured questionnaire creating a focused element of context and flexibility. 12 parents were randomly chosen from 35 that were available and willing to share their needs and experiences and the interview method was used as the data-collecting v...

  10. Collaboration and communication between preschool teachers and parents of preschol children

    OpenAIRE

    Brezovar, Elizabeta

    2013-01-01

    The Thesis Collaboration and Communication between Preschool Teachers and Parents of Preschool Children consists of two parts: theoretical and empirical. In the first, theoretical part, we described the preschool education, activities carried out in the nursery schools and coordination between preschool education institution and parents. We continued with a description of the family's role in raising the child and the methods used for upbringing. We presented the basic types of...

  11. Bullying: who does what, when and where? Involvement of children, teachers and parents in bullying behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fekkes, M; Pijpers, F I M; Verloove-Vanhorick, S P

    2005-02-01

    Bullying victimization is associated with several health issues. Prevention of bullying is therefore an important goal for health and education professionals. In the present study, 2766 children from 32 Dutch elementary schools participated by completing a questionnaire on bullying behavior, and the involvement of teachers, parents and classmates in bullying incidents. The results of this study show that bullying is still prevalent in Dutch schools. More than 16% of the children aged 9-11 years reported being bullied on a regular basis and 5.5% reported regular active bullying during the current school term. Almost half of the bullied children did not tell their teacher that they were being bullied. When teachers knew about the bullying, they often tried to stop it, but in many cases the bullying stayed the same or even got worse. With regard to active bullying, neither the majority of the teachers nor parents talked to the bullies about their behavior. Our results stress the importance of regular communication between children, parents, teachers and health care professionals with regard to bullying incidents. In addition, teachers need to learn effective ways to deal with bullying incidents. Schools need to adopt a whole-school approach with their anti-bullying interventions. PMID:15253993

  12. The Bayer Facts of Science Education: An Assessment of Elementary School Parent and Teacher Attitudes toward Science Education. Executive Summary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Research Communications, Ltd., Dedham, MA.

    This paper reports on a nationwide, random telephone survey conducted with parents and teachers of children in kindergarten through fifth grade. The survey measured parents' and teachers': (1) interest in and attitudes toward science; (2) comfort level teaching and talking about science; (3) use of hands-on science activities and teaching methods;…

  13. Should There Be Separate Parent and Teacher-Based Categories of ODD? Evidence from a General Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munkvold, Linda; Lundervold, Astri; Lie, Stein Atle; Manger, Terje

    2009-01-01

    Objective: To examine the occurrence of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms in a general population of boys and girls, as reported by parents and teachers, and to investigate differences in prevalence estimates, depending on how parents' and teachers' ratings were combined. Method: Data were collected from 7007 children (aged 7-9) who…

  14. Adolescents’ Interpersonal Relationships with Friends, Parents, and Teachers When Using Facebook for Interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsung-Hsien Huang

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to investigate the adolescents’ interpersonal relationships with friends, parents, and teachers when using Facebook for interaction. A total of 740 junior high school students were invited to fill in a questionnaire and 673 questionnaires were available. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and paired-samples t-test. The analytic result confirms that adolescents with high frequency use of Facebook for interactions can expand their interpersonal relationships with friends than those who with low frequency use, regardless of real-life or virtual relationships. However, their real-life interpersonal relationships with parents may weaken if overly use Internet tools for interactions. Another finding, eliminating the factor of the time on Facebook use, reveals that the adolescents’ real-life interpersonal relationships are stronger than virtual interpersonal relationships, regardless of with friends, parents, and teachers. Combining the above two findings, it is worth noting that the real-life interaction with parents may reduce if overly use Internet tools for interactions. This study contributes to the literature by investigating the adolescents’ relationships with friends, parents and teachers and indicates the potential program when adolescents using Facebook use for interaction. This study, thus, further recommends that parents should be concerned their children about Facebook use.

  15. Behavioral phenotype in children with 22q11DS: agreement between parents and teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klaassen, Petra W J; Duijff, Sasja N; Sinnema, Gerben; Beemer, Frits A; Swanenburg de Veye, Henriëtte F N; Vorstman, Jacob A S

    2015-03-01

    Patients with the 22q11-deletion syndrome (22q11DS) are at an increased risk of developing schizophrenia. Besides the effects of genetic variation, environmental factors could also be important in modifying the risk of schizophrenia in 22q11DS patients. In particular, previous studies have shown the importance of stress as a precipitating factor of psychosis. An incongruence between the perceived and actual severity of behavioral and cognitive domains could lead caregivers, and even the children themselves, to make demands that are insufficiently adapted to the child's abilities, causing stress and anxiety. Here, we investigate whether such diagnostic discrepancies are indeed present by comparing parent and teacher reports on behavioral concerns in children with 22q11DS. Behavioral questionnaires (CBCL and TRF) were prepared for both parents and teachers of 146 children with 22q11DS. We found that in line with previous reports, internalizing behavior was more frequently reported than externalizing behavior. While the behavioral profiles reported by parents and teachers were remarkably similar, the teachers' ratings were significantly lower (Total problem score p = .002). Age and IQ were not significantly associated with the severity of reported concerns. Our results indicate that indeed a disparity often exists between parents' and teachers' perceptions of the severity of a child's behavioral deficits. This may result in (substantially) different demands and expectations being placed on the child from the two fronts. We speculate that the stress resulting from this lack of cohesion between parents and teachers could precipitate, at least in some 22q11DS children, the emergence of psychosis. PMID:25436664

  16. IMAGE OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF PARENTS AND TEACHERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahim Md. Sail

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study is to understand the perception of the image and pride of working in the technical and vocational fields from the perspective of parents and teachers in secondary schools. This study was conducted in two zones, namely North (Kedah and central zone (Selangor. Two schools were chosen from each zone, one from the city (Kajang and the other one from rural (Dengkil, which are sufficient to obtain the views of parents and teachers. Purposive sampling was selected for the focus group discussions in schools with the participation of PTA members, i.e., parents, teachers, career counselors teachers. The results showed that there were two main themes, namely, positive and negative image of technical education and vocational training among parents and teachers. However, the negative image remained resilient among parents and teachers, especially in deciding on career paths in technical and vocational fields. The researcher also identified several new issues, for example, wastage of manpower in the country, among them due to the weak prerequisite set in selecting students in technical and vocational education system; Students who do not meet the Malay Language (Bahasa Melayu prerequisite are unable to continue studying skills at higher certificate level. Students of Islamic studies and Arabic Language, students with academic excellence and girls who are interested in technical education and vocational training should be considered as a highly skilled workforce in the future. Some implications of this study were presented as suggestion in formulating policies to improve the image of technical education and vocational training.

  17. Bullying Amongst Parents and Teachers at an American International School: Informing School Development and Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul James

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper has sought to explore the everyday experiences of parent-teacher bullying within a purposefully selected American International school.The paper utilises a qualitative approach targeting an American International school using a small semi-structured questionnaire creating a focused element of context and flexibility. 12 parents were randomly chosen from 35 that were available and willing to share their needs and experiences and the interview method was used as the data-collecting vehicle. This paper addresses issues raised from parent’s experiences of bullying.The 3 developed research questions were mapped to 6 major themes, and were supported by 13 sub-themes. The presented qualitative data outcomes highlight the various experiences, perspectives and challenges that parent’s perceive they face.The impact of this research suggests that the perceived complexities of dealing with bullying between parents and teachers may be mitigated with appropriate training and specialist guidance leading to the application of 8 outcomes..

  18. The Decision-Making Processes of Early Childhood Teachers When Working with Children Experiencing Parental Separation and Divorce

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahony, L.; Lunn, J.; Petriwskyj, A.; Walsh, K.

    2015-01-01

    In this study, the pedagogical decision-making processes of 21 Australian early childhood teachers working with children experiencing parental separation and divorce were examined. Transcripts from interviews and a focus group with teachers were analysed using grounded theory methodology. The findings showed that as teachers interacted with young…

  19. Hello Parents, Where Are You? A Teachers' Call for Involvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauderdale, Katherine Lynn, Ed.; Bonilla, Carlos A.

    For many years, efforts to improve public schools centered on increased funding, teacher training, tougher curriculum (fewer electives, more math and science), and stiffer graduation requirements. But, from all of these attempts at reform, a basic concept became clear to the nation's educators: major reform of the public schools will not occur…

  20. How Do Supports from Parents, Teachers, and Peers Influence Academic Achievement of Twice-Exceptional Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Clare Wen; Neihart, Maureen

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated how perceived external factors such as supports from parents and teachers, and influences from peers contributed to the academic successes and failures of Singaporean twice-exceptional (2e) students. A total of six 2e participants from one secondary school in Singapore voluntarily participated in the study. This study used…

  1. Malicious Use of Technology: What Schools, Parents, and Teachers Can Do to Prevent Cyberbullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Hani

    2013-01-01

    In today's hyper-connected world, children's exposure to technology as a tool to communicate, learn, and socialize has increased exponentially. As teachers and parents recognize the demands for increased use of technology among young children, they should be able to identify and address the challenges associated with such exposure. Cyberbullying,…

  2. The New Dropout Challenge: Bridging Gaps among Students, Parents, and Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridgeland, John M.

    2010-01-01

    Interview and survey data reveal significant disconnects among the insights and perspectives of dropouts, parents, teachers, and administrators on the causes and solutions to the dropout challenge. Many educators, for example, do not see boredom as a factor for most dropouts, while young people who drop out see it as the central cause. The author…

  3. Peer victimization as reported by children, teachers, and parents in relation to children's health symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mæhle Magne

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Victims of bullying in school may experience health problems later in life. We have assessed the prevalence of children's health symptoms according to whether peer victimization was reported by the children, by their teachers, or by their parents. Methods In a cross-sectional study of 419 children in grades 1-10 the frequency of peer victimization was reported by children, teachers and parents. Emotional and somatic symptoms (sadness, anxiety, stomach ache, and headache were reported by the children. Frequencies of victimization reported by different informants were compared by the marginal homogeneity test for paired ordinal data, concordance between informants by cross-tables and Spearman's rho, and associations of victimization with health symptoms were estimated by logistic regression. Results The concordance of peer victimization reported by children, teachers, and parents varied from complete agreement to complete discordance also for the highest frequency (weekly/daily of victimization. Children's self-reported frequency of victimization was strongly and positively associated with their reports of emotional and somatic symptoms. Frequency of victimization reported by teachers or parents showed similar but weaker associations with the children's health symptoms. Conclusion The agreement between children and significant adults in reporting peer victimization was low to moderate, and the associations of reported victimization with the children's self-reported health symptoms varied substantially between informants. It may be useful to assess prospectively the effects of employing different sources of information related to peer victimization.

  4. South Asian Parents' Aspirations versus Teachers' Expectations in the United Kingdom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crozier, Gill

    2009-01-01

    This article explores teacher expectations of second-generation UK South Asian students (of Bangladeshi and Pakistani heritage) and their views of the parents as lacking high aspirations for their children. A range of misguided perceptions and stereotypical views are discussed and challenged. The author argues that these views are largely based on…

  5. The Impact of Dynamic Assessment: An Exploration of the Views of Children, Parents and Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, Nicola; Cahill, Sharon

    2014-01-01

    A qualitative research project was carried out to explore the views of children with special educational needs, their parents and teachers about one aspect of educational psychology practice: the dynamic assessment of cognitive skills. The research was carried out in a highly diverse and inclusive borough in East London, by Nicola Lawrence from…

  6. Black Students in Interracial Schools: A Guide for Students, Teachers, and Parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Ed

    This guide for students, teachers, and parents addresses the needs of black students in interracial schools by offering strategies and advice for coping and success. Issues discussed include: (1) conditions for blacks as a group; (2) self definition; (3) friends and associates; (4) family relationships; (5) the legal system; (6) mental and…

  7. The Strong-Willed Child: A Huge Challenge for Parents and Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costley, Kevin C.

    2013-01-01

    People are born with certain temperament traits. Some children are easy going and easy to get along with. Some are not. This article describes the temperament traits of the strong-willed child. The strong-willed is viewed as stubborn to parents and teachers. The child's goal is to always be in control of his own behaviors, regardless of the needs…

  8. Differential Trust between Parents and Teachers of Children from Low-Income and Immigrant Backgrounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Marije; Bakker, Joep T. A.; Bosman, Anna M. T.; Rosenberg, Kirsten; Leseman, Paul P. M.

    2012-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate the trust relationship between parents and teachers in first grade. Additional research questions were whether trust was related to ethnicity and reading performance. The five facets of trust; benevolence, reliability, competence, honesty and openness, were measured on a 4-point Likert scale. Reading…

  9. Partnering with Latino Families during Kindergarten Transition: Lessons Learned from a Parent-Teacher Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheatham, Gregory A.; Jimenez-Silva, Margarita

    2012-01-01

    Parent-educator partnerships are an important element of effective early childhood, K-12, and special education programs (Dunst, Trivette, & Snyder, 2000; Tabors, 2008). While early childhood and other classrooms in the United States are increasingly diverse, the teachers in those classrooms are unlikely to be of the same linguistic or cultural…

  10. A Survey of Parent Involvement Course Offerings in Minnesota's Undergraduate Teacher Preparation Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinz, Lisa; And Others

    This survey of Minnesota colleges of education describes the availability of courses for prospective teachers which promote greater parental involvement in elementary and secondary schools. Survey results are based on information in course catalogs for the 1991-92 academic year in the 27 Minnesota colleges and universities offering a degree…

  11. Perceptions of Childhood Obesity among Rural Parents, Teachers, and School Administrators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tripp, Paula J.; Choi, Jin Young

    2015-01-01

    The purposes of this exploratory qualitative research were to describe perceptions related to childhood obesity of rural parents, teachers, and school administrators and to examine how their perceptions shape their choices and behaviors for children's eating and physical exercise. The results showed that the perceptions of childhood obesity in the…

  12. "The lunatics have taken over the asylum": A phenomenological perspective on parent-teacher relationships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackie Laluvein

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Contextualisation My research explores the relationships between the parent/carers of children with special educational needs and their teachers. The section of analysis detailed in this paper draws upon the interviews given by the mother as parent (P and class teacher (T of an 11 year old boy described as having ‘emotional and behavioural difficulties’. Using a phenomenological perspective, microsystems and/or environments are described in terms of how they are perceived or experienced by the participants. The analysis is viewed through two lenses: the sociocultural view of development proposed by Bronfennbrenner’s Ecology of Human Development (1979, in which an ecological approach is taken to the analysis of human relationships, and Wenger’s work on Communities of Practice (1998 which presents a theory of learning as a process of social participation. Abstract: Parent-teacher relationships operate at different points along a continuum of engagement involving two or more participants engaged in common, complementary or independent undertakings. My research has a particular focus upon the (often problematic relationships between the parent/carers of children with special educational needs and their teachers. In this paper, the theories of both Wenger and Bronfenbrenner are discussed and utilised to reflect individuals existing within layers of relationships and influences. The paper highlights the way in which a parent, teacher and child, concurrently involved in more than one community or microsystem at work and at home, are subject to the influence of different ecosystems. The analysis of dyadic interviews is used to demonstrate that both context and setting can be instrumental in explicating parent-teacher relationships. The final section of the paper demonstrates that a workable definition of ‘what matters and what doesn’t matter’ cannot be presumed to be shared by parents and teachers. Negotiation of meaning is an integral part of the informal ‘communities of practice’ formed when people pursue a shared enterprise over time. ‘Communities of practice’, in Wenger’s terms, or ‘joint activity dyads’, in Bronfenbrenner’s terms, are emergent structures resulting from collective learning with both developmental and transformative potential for all involved in the education of children.

  13. A Parent-Teachers View of Corporal Punishment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hentoff, Nat

    1973-01-01

    Discusses the use of corporal punishment in the American school system, the effects it has on children and older students, and the efforts of responsible parents to stop its practice in the schools in concert with court decisions on constitutional rights. (RK)

  14. COMPUTER MEDIATED PARENT-TEACHER COMMUNICATION (LA COMUNICACIÓN ENTRE PADRE-MAESTRO MEDIADA POR COMPUTADORA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juniu Susana

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:Parent-teacher communication is crucial to children’s education. The literature reveals that parents’ involvement in their children’s education improves outcomes in areas such as learning, attendance, behavior, and graduation rates. Increased and meaningful communication between home and school is likely to enhance parent involvement and may consequently support students’ learning. Schools are using various forms of technology to increase school/home communication, including voice mail, e-mail, school and classroom websites, and web access to individual student information such as attendance, grades, and student portfolios; however, this use is not consistent or widespread. This paper examines the most prevalent parent-teacher communication in a K-12 educational setting and explores various communication options to improve parent-teacher communication. The focus is to examine the communication needs between teacher and parents and the benefits of combining traditional synchronous and asynchronous communication with newer communication technologies to meet these needs.Resumen:La comunicación entre padres y maestros es crucial para la educación de los niños. La literatura revela que la participación de los padres en la educación de sus hijos mejora los resultados en áreas como el aprendizaje, asistencia, conducta, y en las tasas de graduación. Una comunicación efectiva entre la familia y la escuela aumenta la participación de los padres en la educación de sus niños y consecuentemente mejora el aprendizaje de los estudiantes. Las instituciones educativas están utilizando diversas formas de tecnología para incrementar la comunicación familia-escuela, entre ellas están el buzón de voz, el correo electrónico, páginas Web de las escuelas con acceso a la información personal de cada estudiante (asistencia, calificaciones, y actividades escolares. No obstante, este uso no es consistente o masivo. Este ensayo examina las necesidades de comunicación entre los maestros y los padres y los beneficios de combinar comunicación tradicional, sincrónica (tiempo real y asincrónica (con retraso, utilizando nuevas tecnologías de comunicación para satisfacer estas necesidades.

  15. Differences in Parents' and Teachers' Ratings of ADHD Symptoms and Other Mental Health Problems

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Vaya, Papageorgiou; Efrosini, Kalyva; Vaios, Dafoulis; Panos, Vostanis.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Background and objectives: Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms and other mental health problems appear early in life and proper treatment is essential for a positive long-term outcome. The present study examines the level of agreement, and potential gender differences, between p [...] arents' and teachers' reports of ADHD symptoms and other mental health problems in 305 Greek children aged between 6-9 years. Methods: Parents and teachers of 147 boys and 158 girls attending the first three grades of 10 primary schools in the wider area of Northern Greece completed the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ- Goodman, 1997) and the Child Attention Profile (CAP- Barkley, 1990). Results: The level of agreement between parents' and teachers' reports was low to moderate for the SDQ (0.16-0.34) and satisfactory for the CAP (0.60-0.66). Parents reported more hyperactivity, emotional, and conduct problems than teachers according to SDQ and more overactivity and attention-deficit with hyperactivity according to CAP. Gender differences in ratings were found as well, since boys were reported as being more hyperactive according to SDQ and as having more overactivity and attention-deficit with hyperactivity according to CAP than girls. Conclusions: Findings are discussed in terms of the importance of using multiple informants to gather data on disruptive behaviour through rating scales.

  16. The structure and use of the teacher and parent Maltese Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmel Cefai

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ (Goodman, 1997 is one of the most commonly used measures of mental health in children and young people and has been translated into more than forty languages. This paper discusses the translation of the SDQ in Maltese and explores the structure and use of the teacher and parent Maltese translations. 4797 school teachers and 2865 parents completed the Maltese teacher and parent SDQ respectively. The results indicate that the Maltese SDQ, particularly the teacher version, meets the basic psychometric properties which make it a useful index of social, emotional and behaviour difficulties and prosocial behaviour amongst Maltese children and young people. Exploratory factor analysis suggests that the Maltese version clearly discriminates between difficulty and prosocial behaviour, and that it may be closer in fit to a three factor model, namely internalized difficulties, externalized difficulties and prosocial behaviour. While there are a number of variations, which may be explained by the local educational and socio-cultural context, Maltese mean scores are quite comparable with international SDQ norms. In view of a number of limitations, however, the use of the Maltese SDQ needs to be used with caution and further research into its psychometric properties is suggested.

  17. Detection of high ability children by teachers and parents: Psychometric quality of new rating checklists for the assessment of intellectual, creative and social ability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ULRIKE SOMMER

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present study we devised scales for teachers’ and parents’ estimation of intellectual, creative and social abilities of fourth grade elementary school pupils. Their scores were related to psychometrically determined ability scores. Ninety-three school pupils in the age range between 9.3 and 11.2 years, as well as their parents and teachers took part. The new rating checklists proved as sufficiently reliable (particularly the teachers’ version. Analyses of validity showed a high correspondence in parents’ and teachers’ estimations of cognitive intelligence, but much lower correspondence for creativity and social ability. Correlating teachers’ and parents’ estimates with the respective psychometric tests shows that teachers and parents were better at identifying intellectual (highability than detecting creative and social abilities. With the exception of social (highability, where girls were usually regarded as highly socially gifted by their parents, there were no differences in parents’ and teachers’ estimations of boys and girls.

  18. Parents, Teachers and Community Relations in Promoting Learning in the Secondary School System in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Ezekiel-Hart

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Schooling, a relatively recent invention which emerged as society became more complex, has become the major agent of education worldwide. Being that schools do not exist in a vacuum, they alone cannot successfully perform this function. Because schools emanate from communities, the latter must exercise ownership by being both the determiners and determinants of education. This paper therefore presents how a relationship can be formed among the principal stakeholders – parents, teachers and community to foster quality in education, a situation in which the student is the immediate beneficiary and the society the ultimate beneficiary. If teacher/school treats parent/community as powerless or unimportant, the latter will be discouraged from taking interest in school thus promoting the development of attitudes which inhibit achievement among students. Conversely schools that synergistically work with these stakeholders do better in all areas.

  19. Mexican parents’ and teachers’ literacy perspectives and practices: construction of cultural capital

    OpenAIRE

    Reese, Leslie; Arauz, Rebeca Mejía; Bazán, Antonio Ray

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the relationships among the literacy practices engaged in by first-grade children and parents at home and the ways in which these practices are communicated, shaped, and fostered by teachers and administrators in two different sociocultural environments in urban Mexico. The differences observed between the home literacy experiences of children in a working class and a middle class community included transgenerational communication of assumptions regarding literacy and sc...

  20. Adolescents’ Interpersonal Relationships with Friends, Parents, and Teachers When Using Facebook for Interaction

    OpenAIRE

    Tsung-Hsien Huang; Mei-Chun Yin; Shih-Hsiung Liu

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study is to investigate the adolescents’ interpersonal relationships with friends, parents, and teachers when using Facebook for interaction. A total of 740 junior high school students were invited to fill in a questionnaire and 673 questionnaires were available. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and paired-samples t-test. The analytic result confirms that adolescents with high frequency use of Facebook for interactions can expand their interpersonal ...

  1. The Beliefs of Students, Parents and Teachers about Internal Factors of Academic Achievement

    OpenAIRE

    Helena Smrtnik Vituli?; Irena Lesar

    2014-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper was to determine the beliefs of students, teachers and parents about the internal factors of academic achievement and to verify whether their beliefs vary. In this paper the beliefs about the internal factors of academic achievement: personality traits, intellectual ability, language competence, interest in the subject and locus of control are thematised. The sample included 516 students from grades 5, 7 and 9 of 12 different basic schools in central Slovenia, 4...

  2. Teachers’ and Parents’ Experiences of Using Parents as Resources in Swedish Primary Education

    OpenAIRE

    Widding, Go?ran; Berge, Britt-marie

    2014-01-01

    Education for all children has since the 1960s been a main goal in Swedish school politics. In spite of these efforts children's social and cultural backgrounds still affect their study progress. A growing body of international research is currently highlighting changes in society and education policy in which the importance of parent? democratic rights to influence primary education through home-school cooperation is emphasized. These cooperation practices may be harmonious and/or fraught w...

  3. The data librarian’s handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Rice, Robin C

    2015-01-01

    The importance of data has never been greater. There has been a growing concern with the ‘skills gap’ required to exploit the data surfeit; the ability to collect, compute and crunch data, for economic, social and scientific purposes. This book, written by two working data librarians based at the Universities of Oxford and Edinburgh aims to help fill this skills gap by providing a nuts and bolts guide to research data support. The Data Librarian’s Handbook draws on a combination of over 30 years’ experience providing data support services to create the ‘must-read’ book for all entrants to this field. This book ‘zooms in’ to the actual library service level, where the interaction between the researcher and the librarian takes place. Both engaging and practical, this book draws the reader in through story-telling and suggested activities, linking concepts from one chapter to another.

  4. Elementary School Students’ Reading Environments from Teachers’, Parents’, and Students’ Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyit Ate?

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to describe reading environments of elementary school students when taken account of students’, parents’, and classroom teachers’ views. This research also gave some recommendations on what elementary school students’ reading environments should be in the light of literature. For this aim, the data was collected from classroom teachers, parents, and students studying in fourth-grade and fifth-grade by semi-structured questionnaire forms. The descriptive analysis was carried out to analyze the data obtained from the participants. The results of this research revealed that teachers and parents could not become models to support students’ readings. Instead, they orally directed children about their readings. This research also showed that the activities for reading done at homes and at schools do not improve children’s positive motivation toward reading. In addition, the children stated that they would love to get involved in reading activities since these enjoyable activities can increase their interests in reading.© 2012 IOJES. All rights reserved

  5. Peer victimization as reported by children, teachers, and parents in relation to children’s health symptoms

    OpenAIRE

    Mæhle Magne; Paulsen Bård; Lydersen Stian; Løhre Audhild; Vatten Lars J

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Victims of bullying in school may experience health problems later in life. We have assessed the prevalence of children's health symptoms according to whether peer victimization was reported by the children, by their teachers, or by their parents. Methods In a cross-sectional study of 419 children in grades 1-10 the frequency of peer victimization was reported by children, teachers and parents. Emotional and somatic symptoms (sadness, anxiety, stomach ache, and headache) w...

  6. The role of parent, teacher, and peer events in maintaining depressive symptoms during early adolescence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herres, Joanna; Kobak, Roger

    2015-02-01

    Negative interpersonal events have been consistently identified as both antecedents and sequalae of adolescent depressive symptoms. However, little is known about the relative contributions of specific domains of interpersonal events (parents, peers or teachers) to the maintenance of depressive symptoms during early adolescence or whether a lack of positive interpersonal interactions plays a direct role in maintaining depressive symptoms. Further, few studies have examined whether positive interpersonal events moderate associations between negative events and adolescents' depressive symptoms. This study combined stress generation and exposure models to evaluate the contribution of daily events to the maintenance of depressive symptoms in a sample of 132 adolescents (53 % female) followed from ages 13 to 15. Daily phone diaries collected at age 14 assessed adolescents' negative and positive interactions with parents, teachers, and peers in a sample of adolescents from economically disadvantaged families. Negative peer events uniquely accounted for the maintenance of depressive symptoms over the 2 years period. Results did not differ by gender; however, positive parent events buffered the effects of negative parent events for females but not for males. Findings highlight the significance of peer relationships during a period of vulnerability for depressive symptoms. PMID:24975941

  7. Astronomy Librarians - Quo Vadis?

    OpenAIRE

    Lagerstrom, Jill; Grothkopf, Uta

    2011-01-01

    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the lib...

  8. Internet Library For Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sha, Vianne Tang

    The Internet Library For Librarians is a portal designed with librarians in mind. Common reference materials, librarianship, and accessories organize the site hierarchically. Under each of these levels exist more levels that further narrow down the visitor�s specific focus. Furthermore, the portal forms a community that offers features such as 'add or recommend a site' to further expand the portal's collection. This site is a valuable resource for those who are just entering the field or seasoned professional librarians.

  9. Parent, Teacher, and Self Perceptions of Psychosocial Functioning in Intellectually Gifted Children and Adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley Nicpon, Megan; Doobay, Alissa F.; Assouline, Susan G.

    2010-01-01

    Parent, teacher, and self-perceptions of 54 high ability students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were assessed through administration of the Behavioral Assessment Scales for Children, Second Edition. Parent reports resulted in clinically elevated scores on the Atypicality, Attention Problems, Depression, Hyperactivity, Withdrawal, Activities…

  10. Survey Development to Assess Parental Satisfaction with Adapted Physical Education Teachers' Abilities Working with Children with Autism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Columna, Luis; Cook, Allison; Foley, John T.; Bailey, JoEllen

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to systematically develop and validate an instrument to assess parental perceptions toward adapted physical education (APE) teachers, who work with children with autism. Methods: Participants included two expert panels and parents of children and youth with autism. The survey used a Likert-scale design where…

  11. Hablando Con Maestros Guia para Padres para Resolver Problemas Con La Escuela = Talking With Teachers: A Problem-Solving Handbook for Parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mata, Roberto L.

    Designed to help parents communicate with teachers about the school problems of their children, the handbook provides strategies which can guide parents to collect accurate information about a problem and to use it to initiate an open exchange with the teacher. The strategies can be used whether parents are becoming aware of a problem or have been…

  12. The Actions of Teacher-Librarians Minimize or Reinforce Barriers to Adolescent Information Seeking. A Review of: Meyers, Eric M., Lisa P. Nathan, and Matthew L. Saxton. “Barriers to Information Seeking in School Libraries: Conflicts in Perceptions and Practice.” Information Research 12:2 (2007: paper 295.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julie McKenna

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To study high school teacher-librarians and whether their actions and reactions are aligned with their perception of the role they play in creating an information seeking and learning environment.Design – Triangulation qualitative research undertaken over a 16 month period (Fall 2005 – 2007.Setting – Six high school libraries in the Puget Sound region of the state of Washington, United States.Subjects – Six teacher-librarians, each with a minimum of ten years experience and classroom teachers and students. This sample represented the range of school sizes, the rural, urban, and suburban mix, and the range of significant socioeconomic conditions (qualification for subsidized lunch and English as an additional language in the region.Methods – Four interviews of one to two hours were held with each teacher-librarian during school hours. Initial interviews were recorded by hand and a set question protocol was used (and included in the appendix. Questions were asked about their professional background and training; their job duties, day to day activities and priorities; their perceptions as to how others (e.g., peers and administrators support the library; the goals of their library’s services; how students use the library; and their critical assessment of their role. Subsequent interviews were undertaken within two days of a classroom visit to the library and also followed a set protocol of questions (Appendix D. The second set of interviews was audio recorded and transcribed. Two classroom teachers from each school were interviewed for 30 minutes and audio recorded using a set interview protocol (Appendix C within two days of class participation in library instruction. Library observations ranging from two to three hours each occurred during a minimum of seven randomized times at each library. These observation sessions typically included class instructional sessions of thirty to ninety minutes. The observation protocols are described in an appendix to the study. Consistent note-taking, varying of observation times and days of week, use of triangulated methods, comparison of emergent themes with other studies, audio-taping interviews, inter-coder checks, analyzing data for observer effect, and a number of other approaches ensured validity. Kuhlthau’s theory of intermediation and Zone of Intervention was used as a theoretical framework to categorize the teacher-librarians’ perceptions of their roles and their observed activities. Harris and Dewdney’s principles of information seeking behaviour were used as an analytic framework to study the difference between the teacher-librarians’ perceptions of their roles and their observed practices. These five roles are organizer of information; expert in locating material; identifier and instructor of general sources; advisor of search strategy; and mediator in the process of constructing meaning (Kuhlthau.Main Results – The findings were framed in the six principles of information seeking (Harris & Dewdney and were presented through use of narrative captured in both the observations and interviews.Principle 1: Information needs arise from the help-seeker’s situation.The high school students in the library to complete assignments about which the teacher-librarians were not apprised; therefore the teacher-librarians were unable to assist the students in meeting information needs.Principle 2: The decision to seek help or not seek help is affected by many factors.Principle 3: People tend to seek information that is most accessible.Issues of control were the greatest barrier to students’ successful information seeking behaviour. In the environments observed, the greatest balance of power was within the control of the teachers, including when and if the students would have access to the library, and whether the teacher-librarian would be informed of the assignment. Within the library facility, the teacher-librarians demonstrated a high need for control and power over the students’ activities and behaviour, and the students thems

  13. Bibliotecário escolar: um educador?

    School librarian: an educator? p. 107-123

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Cristina Delfini Correa

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta a biblioteca escolar enquanto suporte didático pedagógico, enfocando principalmente o papel do bibliotecário no contexto escolar. Compara funções e perfis do bibliotecário e do educador/professor, ressaltando semelhanças e diferenças nos papéis educativos por eles exercidos. Conclui que o bibliotecário exerce atividades educativas em sua profissão diferentes em sua essência daquelas exercidas pelo professor, devendo estabelecer com este uma parceria na qual as atribuições de ambos se completem a fim de construir um processo de ensino aprendizado eficiente e bem sucedido.

    Abstract: The school library and its librarians roles are defined. Teacher’s and librarian’s work are compared in its differences and likenesses. This article concludes that librarians have some educational roles which are, however, essencially different from teacher’s activities. They must work together in order to build a better educational process.

    Keywords: School Library, School Librarian: Education, Teacher

  14. Negotiation for the Librarian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grogg, Jill E.

    2008-01-01

    Librarians engage in some sort of negotiation all the time. Unfortunately, library schools do not uniformly teach negotiation theory or skills. New librarians are left to their own devices to self-educate, and self-educate they must. Most of the library-specific negotiation literature and continuing education opportunities focus almost entirely on…

  15. Librarian as Learning Consultant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Penland, Patrick R.

    The following skills are required for librarians to serve effectively as learning consultants: (1) analyze social and educational trends and discern learning needs; (2) analyze the competencies needed by librarians; (3) identify methods appropriate to achieve self-learning goals; (4) design learning sequences; (5) given client characteristics,…

  16. Astronomy Librarian - Quo Vadis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagerstrom, Jill; Grothkopf, Uta

    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of some of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the librarian's universe, illustrating how librarians use new technologies to perform such tasks as bibliometrics, how we are re-fashioning our library spaces in an increasingly digital world and how we are confronting the brave new world of Open Access, to name but a few topics.

  17. Astronomy Librarians - Quo Vadis?

    CERN Document Server

    Lagerstrom, Jill

    2011-01-01

    "You don't look like a librarian" is a phrase we often hear in the astronomy department or observatory library. Astronomy librarians are a breed apart, and are taking on new and non-traditional roles as information technology evolves. This talk will explore the future of librarians and librarianship through the lens of the recent talks given at the sixth "Libraries and Information Services in Astronomy" conference held in Pune, India in February 2010. We will explore the librarian's universe, illustrating how librarians use new technologies to perform such tasks as bibliometrics, how we are re-fashioning our library spaces in an increasingly digital world and how we are confronting the brave new world of open access, to name but a few topics.

  18. Strategies to address weight-based victimization: youths' preferred support interventions from classmates, teachers, and parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puhl, Rebecca M; Peterson, Jamie Lee; Luedicke, Joerg

    2013-03-01

    Weight-Based Victimization is a frequent experience for adolescents who are overweight or obese, and is associated with numerous psychosocial and physical consequences for those who are targets of victimization. Assessing targets` preferences for different types of support and intervention has been absent in the context of weight-based victimization, but is needed to help inform potential interventions, motivate action, and identify strategies to help adolescents cope with experiences of weight-related teasing or bullying. Adolescents (14-18 years, N = 361, 40 % female, 71 % Caucasian) enrolled in national weight-loss camps completed an on-line survey. Participants who reported previous experiences of weight-based victimization were surveyed about their preferred interventions from peers, friends, teachers, Physical Education (PE) teachers/coaches, and parents. Participants indicated their preferences for specific strategies pertaining to target support, bullying intervention and prevention (e.g., inclusion in peer activities, confronting the bully, telling an adult, and improving anti-bullying policies). Friends (66 %) and peers (58 %) were the most highly preferred intervention agents followed by teachers (55 %), PE teachers/coaches (44 %), and parents (43 %). Participants who experienced more weight-based victimization expressed increased desire for intervention. The frequency of victimization, social support from friends and family, and perceived likelihood and helpfulness of intervention significantly influenced participant preferences for certain types of intervention, although preferences were generally consistent across participants' characteristics. The current study is the first to document youth's preferences for interventions in response to weight-based victimization. The findings have important implications for encouraging appropriate intervention and informing bystanders, which may help to reduce the prevalence, recurrence, and consequences for youth who are targets of weight-based teasing or bullying. PMID:23117953

  19. Il system librarian

    OpenAIRE

    Spinello, Annalisa

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this literature review is to investigate the roles and activities of the library systems specialist or system librarian, an entirely new breed of library professional developed during the library automation process all over the world.

  20. Strengthening the Roles of Parent Teacher Association in Secondary Schools for Better Community Participation in Educational Development in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Haastrup Timilehin Ekundayo; Hezekiah Ogbomida Alonge

    2012-01-01

    The paper examined the traditional roles of the Parent Teacher Association (PTA) in secondary schools inNigeria. The state of secondary schools in Nigeria suggests that there are still some problems facing the school inwhich the PTA had been found wanting. These include inadequate financial support of the PTA to the schools;lack of cooperation between the schools and the parents; inadequate supervision of schools among others. Thepaper therefore made some recommendations on how the roles of t...

  1. Librarian as Professor of Social Media Literacy

    OpenAIRE

    Bridges, Laurie M.

    2012-01-01

    Many high school teachers are prohibited from interacting with students in social media sites despite the fact that the majority of teenagers actively use them. The first opportunity most students have to interact with instructors in an online environment is in higher education. University and college librarians can take the lead in providing social media literacy instruction by developing courses and workshops using the Information Literacy Competency Standards developed by ACRL. This articl...

  2. Parent-Child and Teacher-Child Relationships in Chinese Preschoolers: The Moderating Role of Preschool Experiences and the Mediating Role of Social Competence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiao

    2011-01-01

    Based on two samples of Chinese preschoolers (Study 1: N = 443; Study 2: N = 118) and their parents and teachers, the present research examined the associations between parent-child and teacher-child relationships, and how the associations were moderated by children's preschool experiences and mediated by their social competence. Using a…

  3. Teachers' and Parents' Roles in the Sexuality Education of Primary School Children: A Comparison of Experiences in Leeds, UK and in Sydney, Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Joy; Milton, Jan

    2006-01-01

    There is little international research focusing on parents' and teachers' roles in sexuality education during children's primary school years. This paper focuses on teachers' and parents' key experiences as sexuality educators of primary-school-age children in both Leeds, UK and in Sydney, Australia. Based on research findings from both the United…

  4. A formação de professores e a capacitação de bibliotecários com limitação visual por meio da EAD em ambiente virtual de aprendizagem / Teachers formation and visual disabled librarians training through e-learning in learning virtual environment

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Lizandra Brasil, Estabel; Eliane Lourdes da Silva, Moro; Lucila Maria Costi, Santarosa.

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa aborda o uso e a apropriação das Tecnologias de Informação e de Comunicação (TICs) pelas Pessoas com Necessidades Educacionais Especiais (PNEEs) com limitação visual e os processos de interação e de aprendizagem por esses sujeitos em um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem (AVA). O cenário [...] desta pesquisa é o AVA TelEduc e as suas ferramentas, bem como as ferramentas de comunicação e de interação externas ao ambiente, como o MsChat e o Skype. Fazem parte deste processo quatro sujeitos com limitação visual (SB, AL, NO e AM), professores e bibliotecários dos cursos PROINESP, da Secretaria de Educação Especial do Ministério da Educação (SEESP/MEC), em parceria com a Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), por meio do Núcleo de Informática na Educação Especial (NIEE) e do BIBLIOTEC II, Curso de Extensão em Bibliotecas Escolares e Acessibilidade, do Departamento de Ciências da Informação da Faculdade de Biblioteconomia e Comunicação (DCI/FABICO), da UFRGS. O problema de pesquisa pretende verificar como ocorre, na formação a distância em Ambientes Virtuais de Aprendizagem, o processo de apropriação e de interação, no uso das Tecnologias de Informação e de Comunicação, de professores e de bibliotecários com limitação visual. Dentre os objetivos, destacam-se os de propiciar a formação e a qualificação a distância de professores e bibliotecários com limitação visual, por meio de AVA e avaliar os processos de apropriação, de interação e a inclusão social, digital e profissional. A epistemologia vygotskyana foi a base desta pesquisa e a linha mestra do processo pedagógico. A partir das análises realizadas dos processos de apropriação e de interação dos sujeitos desta pesquisa, pode-se concluir que SB, AL, NO e AM conseguiram apropriar-se das ferramentas e serem mediadores deste processo de apropriação pelos seus alunos e interagiram entre eles (sujeitos), com os colegas, com os formadores e com os alunos por meio do uso das ferramentas, sendo incluídos em um ambiente virtual de aprendizagem. Abstract in english This research approaches the use and the appropriation of ICTs, by PNEEs with visual disability and their interaction and learning processes in an AVA. The background of this research is AVA TelEduc and their tools, as well as the external tools to the environment: MsChat and Skype. Four visual disa [...] bled people are part of this process (SB, AL, NO and AM), as well as PROINESP courses teachers and librarians. The research main goal is to verify how the appropriation and interaction process in the use of ICTs happens in long distance educational system AVAs -, among teachers and librarians with visual disability. Among the objectives, stand out to provide long distance graduation and qualification through AVA to teachers and librarians with visual disability, and to evaluate appropriation and interaction processes as well as the social, digital and professional inclusion. The Vygotskyan epistemology was the foundation for this research. Starting from the accomplished analyses of the appropriation and interaction processes of the involved people in this research, it can be settled that SB, AL, NO and AM were able to appropriate themselves of the tools and be mediators of the appropriation process to their students .They also interacted among themselves, among friends, teachers and students by using the tools and by being included in a virtual-learning environment.

  5. SOME ASPECTS OF TEACHING MEDIA LITERACY TO PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN SLOVENIA FROM A PERCEPTION STANDPOINT OF TEACHERS AND PARENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Jurka Lepi?nik Vodopivec

    2011-01-01

    This paper deals with media literacy as a multidimensional skill that parents and teachers possess. In this context we warn of the media-technical aspect of this skill and, within this aspect, of parents' and teachers' opinion on the presence of media in children's lives. Following that, the paper explores teachers' media-didactic competence as a component of educators' media literacy. In the empiric part we used two aspects of fostering media literacy. One is the media-technical competence o...

  6. The Influence of Parents and Teachers on the Deep Learning Approach of Pupils in Norwegian Upper-Secondary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elstad, Eyvind; Christophersen, Knut-Andreas; Turmo, Are

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The purpose of this article was to explore the influence of parents and teachers on the deep learning approach of pupils by estimating the strength of the relationships between these factors and the motivation, volition and deep learning approach of Norwegian 16-year-olds. Method: Structural equation modeling for cross-sectional…

  7. The Social Rules That Children Use: Close Friends, Other Friends, and "Other Kids" Compared to Parents, Teachers, and Siblings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bigelow, B. J.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Examined 9-13 year olds' relationships with parents; teachers; siblings; close friends; other friends; and other peers. Used a social rules questionnaire to formulate a checklist of social rule themes. Found that themes that had previously been associated with one class of social relationships had much wider application. (MDM)

  8. Validating a Self-Report Screen for ADHD in Early Adulthood Using Childhood Parent and Teacher Ratings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brownlie, E. B.; Lazare, Kim; Beitchman, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    Objective: This article evaluates the diagnostic utility of a self-report screening tool for adults based on "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (4th ed.; "DSM-IV") ADHD criteria. Method: Children with speech/language (S/L) impairment and typically developing controls had ADHD symptoms rated by parents and teachers at ages 5…

  9. Children's Self-Concept: Parental School Engagement and Student-Teacher Relationships in Rural and Urban Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavidia-Payne, Susana; Denny, Bianca; Davis, Kate; Francis, Andrew; Jackson, Mervyn

    2015-01-01

    Self-concept is one important yet understudied construct, often associated with healthy children's well-being, and particularly crucial for those raised in rural disadvantaged communities. Also, commonly acknowledged is that adults, including parents and teachers, play an important role in fostering self-concept. The overall aim of the current…

  10. Survey of Attitudinal Acceptance of a Children's Incremental Dental Care Program by Parents, Teachers and School Administrators. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guess, L. Lynn; And Others

    This report presents an analysis of the attitudes of parents, teachers, and school administrators to the Chattanooga Incremental Dental Care Program. This project provided dental care in the public elementary schools at specific intervals of time to specific age groups in order to establish and maintain a state of oral health. Dental services were…

  11. Survey of Attitudinal Acceptance of a Childrens' Incremental Dental Care Program by Parents, Teachers and School Administrators. Special Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guess, L. Lynn; Williams, Jay R.

    This special report on the Chattanooga Incremental Dental Care Program presents an overview of the project and a summary analysis of the attitudes of parents, teachers, and school administrators to the program. The project provided dental care in the public elementary schools at specific intervals of time to specific age groups in order to…

  12. Reliability and Validity of the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA) as a Function of Parent and Teacher Ratings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbu, Otilia C.; Levine-Donnerstein, Deborah; Marx, Ronald W.; Yaden, David B., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined reliability and validity of the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA), based on samples of parents and teachers' ratings of 1,145 entering kindergartners in the Southwest. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that DECA presented good reliability and validity for manifest variables, corroborating previous findings.…

  13. How Parents and Teachers Are Helping To Create Better Environments for Learning. Energy-Smart Building Choices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Department of Energy, Washington, DC.

    This guide explores the contributions that parents and teachers can make to enhance energy choice decisions that affect the design and operation of educational facilities. It also examines how making the right choice can create better learning environments. The guide reveals how schools have turned energy improvements into powerful teaching tools;…

  14. Training Needs of School Librarians in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.K. Ramaiah,

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In India situation of schools, school libraries, and school librarians is in a poor condition as compared to other advanced countries in the world. Most of the schools do not have libraries, and wherever libraries are available, the properly trained manpower is not available to manage those libraries. There are many reasons for this problem including budget, space, resources, manpower, lack of national policies, and standards. One of the problems is lack of proper training to school librarians in Indian library school. The paper reviews the need for school library, UNESCO manifestation of school library, national and international scenarios, school library standards & guidelines, roles, and responsibility of school librarians, and impact of school libraries on students, and teachers. The school library plays an important role on the overall development of the students to transform them into knowledgeable persons. Their reading skills, information seeking skills, and the knowledge about the library resources can be improved due to the school library and the school librarian. So, the need for professionally trained manpower to man these libraries is also discussed.

  15. Conceptions of effort among students, teachers and parents within an English secondary school

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stables, Andrew; Murakami, Kyoko

    2014-01-01

    ‘Effort’ and ‘ability’ (understood as potential, intelligence or achievement) are concepts widely used in the everyday language of schooling in Britain but each term lacks clear definition of its use in the school context. Meanwhile, the assessment of effort, alongside that of achievement, remains widespread. This article reports on an exploratory case study of conceptions of effort among three major actors in an English secondary school. Qualitative and quantitative data from questionnaires and interviews with teachers, students and parents at an English comprehensive school were collected. Analysis reveals that understandings of ‘effort’ are not uniform. Rather, ‘effort’ is a shorthand term, which can be used variably, therefore can be construed as a tool of negotiation, or a form of investment in a set of aims distinctive to each group or individual case. There is a strong case for more sustained research into the operationalizing of such key concepts in schools and other professional and workplace settings.

  16. Status of Library School Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, Elspeth; Armitage, Katherine

    1971-01-01

    The library school librarian does not enjoy the same status as the librarians in the classroom in terms of responsibilities and privileges and this dichotomy of teaching vs. practice requires further research. (AB)

  17. Parents as Teachers Health Literacy Demonstration project: integrating an empowerment model of health literacy promotion into home-based parent education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carroll, Lauren N; Smith, Sandra A; Thomson, Nicole R

    2015-03-01

    The Parents as Teachers (PAT) Health Literacy Demonstration project assessed the impact of integrating data-driven reflective practices into the PAT home visitation model to promote maternal health literacy. PAT is a federally approved Maternal, Infant, Early Childhood Home Visiting program with the goal of promoting school readiness and healthy child development. This 2-year demonstration project used an open-cohort longitudinal design to promote parents' interactive and reflective skills, enhance health education, and provide direct assistance to personalize and act on information by integrating an empowerment paradigm into PAT's parent education model. Eight parent educators used the Life Skills Progression instrument to tailor the intervention to each of 103 parent-child dyads. Repeated-measures analysis of variance, paired t tests, and logistic regression combined with qualitative data demonstrated that mothers achieved overall significant improvements in health literacy, and that home visitors are important catalysts for these improvements. These findings support the use of an empowerment model of health education, skill building, and direct information support to enable parents to better manage personal and child health and health care. PMID:24957219

  18. Not your ordinary librarian debunking the popular perceptions of librarians

    CERN Document Server

    White, Ashanti

    2012-01-01

    When you picture a librarian, what do you imagine? An old white woman with glasses and a prudish disposition? That is the image that many people conjure up when asked to picture a librarian; with 82 per cent of the professional force being female and the average age of a librarian at 45, coupled with popular stereotypical images, it is difficult to dispute the perceptions. But there is more to librarians than meets the eye. This book will explore the origin of the image and popular media images of the librarian, in addition to the effects of the stereotype, and the challenges to the perception

  19. The branch librarians' handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Rivers, Vickie

    2004-01-01

    Libraries are integral parts of communities, and patrons have visited them in record numbers over recent years. According to the American Library Association, 64 percent of people surveyed in the United States have visited their local libraries in the past year. Branch librarians especially are striving to meet the various needs of their communities--in addition to books and Internet access, many branch libraries have videos, books on tape and CD, DVDs, and even art prints available to their patrons. This handbook covers a wide variety of issues that the branch librarian must deal with every d

  20. Reinventing the medical librarian.

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, R K

    1989-01-01

    The caliber of the librarian is a health sciences library's most important resource. This paper explores factors which have influenced who has, or who has not, entered the profession of medical librarianship, and discusses several attributes which the author considers critical for restructuring the profession to meet current and future needs.

  1. Ranganathan : A Universal Librarian

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abulfazale M. Fazle Kabir

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available In formulating Five Laws of Library Science Ranganathan has made a lasting and fundamental contribution to the philosophy of library patron service. His Colon Classification has provided a scheme for hierarchical design of faceted subject classification. For such valuable contribution to the profession he has been acclaimed as a universal librarian.

  2. Librarians: The Next Generation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Veaner, Allen B.

    1984-01-01

    This discussion of the role of librarians past, present, and future notes job responsibilities; effects of technological changes (online public catalog, electronic publishing, distributed processing, private sector); the role of catalogers; cooperative cataloging; new recruits for library schools; expectations for newly recruited professional…

  3. The Incredible Embeddable Librarian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dale, Jenny; Kellam, Lynda

    2012-01-01

    The "embedded librarian" as a concept has emerged in the literature only recently, but has quickly gained footing as a model of practice. Many scholarly explorations of embedded librarianship have been published, though no two works define this concept in the exact same way. David Shumaker's description seems to be particularly apt: "Embedded…

  4. Occupational Burnout among Librarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haack, Mary; And Others

    1984-01-01

    Outlines stages of occupational burnout (enthusiasm, stagnation, frustration, apathy) and begins empirical assessment of burnout syndrome among librarians and other information professionals. Results of pilot survey conducted at one-day conference on reference service using two measures (Staff Burnout Scale for Health Professionals, projective…

  5. Higher Education Librarians Are Comfortable and Confident With their Teaching Responsibilities and Pedagogical Knowledge. A Review of: Bewick, L., & Corrall, S. (2010). Developing librarians as teachers: A study of their pedagogical knowledge. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 42(2), 97-110.

    OpenAIRE

    Mê-Linh Lê

    2011-01-01

    Objective – The primary objective of this study was to gather quantitative information on the need, development, acquisition, and application of pedagogical knowledge by academic librarians with teaching responsibilities.Design – Online survey questionnaire.Setting – Higher-education (HE) institutions (i.e., post-secondary institutions such as colleges and universities) in the United Kingdom.Subjects – Subject librarians from 82 HE libraries (one from each).Methods – Of the 191 HE i...

  6. Willingness to use ADHD Treatments: A Mixed Methods Study of Perceptions by Adolescents, Parents, Health Professionals and Teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Bussing, Regina; Koro-ljungberg, Mirka; Noguchi, Kenji; Mason, Dana; Mayerson, Gillian; Garvan, Cynthia W.

    2011-01-01

    Little is known about factors that influence willingness to engage in treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). From 2007 to 2008, in the context of a longitudinal study assessing ADHD detection and service use in the United States, we simultaneously elicited ADHD treatment perceptions from four stakeholder groups: adolescents, parents, health care professionals and teachers. We assessed their willingness to use ADHD interventions and views of potential undesirable effect...

  7. When Cheap is Good : Cost-Effective Parent and Teacher Interventions for Children with Externalizing Behavior Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Forster, Martin

    2010-01-01

    There is strong empirical support for behavioral parent training (BPT) as an intervention for children with externalizing behavior problems (EBP). However, there is a lack of studies that have investigated the effectiveness of BPT in routine care. Furthermore, most families in need of service do not gain access to it. Another issue of concern is that a sizable portion of children who take part in BPT does not show clinical significant improvement. With regard to behavioral teacher training (B...

  8. Energy-Smart Building Choices: How Parents and Teachers Are Helping to Create Better Environments for Learning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Most K-12 schools could save 25% of their energy costs by being smart about energy. Nationwide, the savings potential is$6 billion. While improving energy use in buildings and busses, schools are likely to create better places for teaching and learning, with better lighting, temperature control, acoustics, and air quality. This brochure, targeted to parents and teachers, describes how schools can become more energy efficient

  9. A comparison of findings on parents' and teachers' questionnaires, and detailed ophthalmic and psychological assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connor, A; Stephenson, T; Johnson, A; Wright, S; Tobin, M; Ratib, S; Fielder, A

    2004-01-01

    Background: Questionnaires are important tools used to gain information about health and level of function in different domains. Aims and Methods: To determine the degree of agreement between questionnaires, administered to parents and teachers, and ophthalmic and psychological examinations in a cohort of 309 low birth weight children (<1701 g) at age 10–13 years. Results: A total of 90.9% of cases showed agreement between the question on distance vision and clinical assessment, and agreement for the near vision question was 83%. However, the correlation on an individual basis was only fair (kappa = 0.46, distance vision) to poor (kappa = 0.2, near vision). The overall agreement for the questions on cognitive ability was better than the correlation, whereas the questions on reading and mathematical ability showed low agreement and low correlation. Conclusion: Questionnaire assessment of vision and cognitive ability is more suitable for studying the outcome of a large population than for identifying deficits in individuals. PMID:15321859

  10. THE EXAMINATION OF THE BASIC SKILL LEVELS OF THE STUDENTS’ IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE PERCEPTIONS OF TEACHERS, PARENTS AND STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davut HOTAMAN

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available In this research, the level of possession of the students’ basic skills that are anticipated to be cultivated into student by the new elementary education program were evaluated in terms of the perceptions of teachers, parents and students. For the sample groups of this research, the 4th and 5th grade students (527 from 16 schools, the parents (527 of these students and the teachers (148 of the 4th and 5th grade in the districts of Istanbul (Avcilar, Bakirkoy and Sisli, which is the largest city of Turkey, in the academic year 2006-2007, were chosen. The data collected via the research were analyzed by SPSS 15.0 package and the perception points of each 4th and 5th grade students towards the basic skills were assessed. Whether the total perception points of the groups differentiated from one another in each of the sub-dimensions was tested by MANOVA, for each sub-dimension, it was tested by ANOVA; and, to determine the source of the differences, Games-Howell Test was used. The significance level was taken as 0.05 in this research. Through the analyses it was determined that the teachers’, parents’ and students’ perceptions towards the 4th and 5th grade students’ possession of the basic skills and all sub-dimensions have a significant difference.

  11. Psychometric Properties of the Parent and Teacher ADHD Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) : Measurement Invariance Across Gender, Age, and Informant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Makransky, Guido; Bilenberg, Niels

    2014-01-01

    Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood and adolescence. Rating the severity of psychopathology and symptom load is essential in daily clinical practice and in research. The parent and teacher ADHD-Rating Scale (ADHD-RS) includes inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity subscales and is one of the most frequently used scales in treatment evaluation of children with ADHD. An extended version, mADHD-RS, also includes an oppositional defiant disorder subscale. The partial credit Rasch model, which is based on item response theory, was used to test the psychometric properties of this scale in a sample of 566 Danish school children between 6 and 16 years of age. The results indicated that parents and teachers had different frames of reference when rating symptoms in the mADHD-RS. There was support for the unidimensionality of the three subscales when parent and teacher ratings were analyzed independently. Nonetheless, evidence for differential item functioning was found across gender and age for specific items within each of the subscales. The findings expand existing psychometric information about the mADHD-RS and support its use as a valid and reliable measure of symptom severity when used in age- and gender-stratified materials.

  12. Views of parents, teachers and children on health promotion in kindergarten : first results from formative focus groups and observations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sansolios, Sanne; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the study was to capture the views of children, parents and teachers on the topic of physical activity in kindergarten through observation and focus group interviews. The study was conducted in the kindergartens from the sampling group in the Danish part of PERISCOPE. 1 st methodology : Children interviewed inside by the researcher on preferable movements and settings and then observed outside during their playtime. 2 nd methodology : Children asked to draw themselves playing their most preferred physical activity. Parents and kindergarten teachers interviewed in two different groups, using an identical guide. Children are skilled in taking advantage of the space and facilities available for physical activity; girls need more support than boys to initiate physical activity; children are happy with the facilities and the toys available in the kindergarten. Teachers feel an increasing pressure to take more responsibility and initiatives for the children ’ s health habits. Parents state that if more physical activity is initiated in the kindergarten, it could make children request domestic activity. Physical activity and movement concept are too abstract for children of this age to talk about: they quickly lose their focus and concentration. The new methodology of videotaping gives the researcher the chance to interpret facial expressions to capture movement, talk and actions, and to make a distinction among children, as they tend to interrupt each other. However, this method contains a weakness, if used alone, by the fact that the shooting is only a refl ection of what the video camera has recorded.

  13. Collaboration of Parents and EFL Teachers to Enhance Children’s Motivation towards Reading Skills: Focus to 1st Cycle of Primary Schools in Jimma Zone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gemechis Teshome

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this study is to investigate to what extent parents and an EFL teachers work collaboratively to boost children’s motivation to reading skills. To achieve this aim, the First Cycle of Primary Schools (1-4 of Jimma zone, two woredas ( Kersa and Mana and one special town (Jimma were taken as an example. Clear and measurable attempts were made to investigate the extent to which parents work with EFL teachers to increase their children’s motivation to the direction of reading skills. In order to achieve the targeted objective mix- questionnaire and semi-structured interview for teachers, an FGD with parents, and classroom observation were made on the current views of parents involvement to maximize students’ motivation of reading and teachers’ role as well. Results of the study show that the parents and EFL teachers hardly work cooperatively to enhance students’ motivation towards reading skill. They do not have an effective communication way in which they exchange constructive information about the students’ reading motivation. There are clearly seen mismatches between the intended curriculum that vehemently sets parents and teachers should work together so as to make students are motivated toward reading skill of English.

  14. Data Scientist Training for Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdmann, C.

    2015-04-01

    Recent studies suggest that there will be a shortfall in the near future of skilled talent available to help take advantage of big data in organizations. Meanwhile, government initiatives have encouraged the research community to share their data more openly, raising new challenges for researchers. Librarians can assist in this new data-driven environment. Data Scientist Training for Librarians (or Data Savvy Librarians) is an experimental course being offered by the Harvard Library to train librarians to respond to the growing data needs of their communities. In the course, librarians familiarize themselves with the research data lifecycle, working hands-on with the latest tools for extracting, wrangling, storing, analyzing, and visualizing data. By experiencing the research data lifecycle themselves, and becoming data savvy and embracing the data science culture, librarians can begin to imagine how their services might be transformed.

  15. VALORES EN PROFESORES Y PARTICIPACIÓN DE LOS APODERADOS EN EL PROCESO ENSEÑANZA-APRENDIZAJE / TEACHER'S VALUES AND PARENTS' INVOLVEMENT IN THE TEACHING-LEARNING PROCESS

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    GRACIA, NAVARRO; CRISTHIAN PÉREZ, VILLALOBOS; ANGÉLICA, GONZÁLEZ-CID; OLGA, MORA; JORGE, JIMÉNEZ.

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue describir los valores presentes en profesores de enseñanza básica, y su relación con el grado en que los padres perciben a estos docentes como facilitadores de la participación parental en el proceso enseñanza - aprendizaje de sus hijos. Para esto se aplicó el Schwart [...] z Value Survey a 32 profesores, y una encuesta de percepción del profesor a 628 apoderados. Los resultados mostraron diferencias significativas según la jerarquía de valor del profesor en 6 tipos motivacionales de valor (hedonismo, poder, tradición, benevolencia, universalismo y seguridad). Lo anterior sugeriría la influencia de las prácticas tradicionales, la distribución de responsabilidad y el tipo de relación profesor-apoderado establecido y esperado sobre la facilitación de la participación parental. Abstract in english In order to describe values of teachers and their relation with parents' perception about how much teachers facilitate their involvement in the teaching - learning process of children, 32 primary school teachers and 628 parents were surveyed. The Schwartz Value Survey was used with teachers, and a s [...] urvey on perception about teachers was applied to parents. Significant differences in the parents' perception were found related with six motivational values (hedonism, power, benevolence, tradition, universalism and security). Outcomes suggest the influence of traditional practices, responsibility distribution and expected and effective teacherparent relation types in the parent's involvement facilitation.

  16. Librarian as Professor of Social Media Literacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurie M. Bridges

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Many high school teachers are prohibited from interacting with students in social media sites despite the fact that the majority of teenagers actively use them. The first opportunity most students have to interact with instructors in an online environment is in higher education. University and college librarians can take the lead in providing social media literacy instruction by developing courses and workshops using the Information Literacy Competency Standards developed by ACRL. This article discusses the development and instruction of a freshmen orientation course at Oregon State University titled Social Media: A Life Lived Online.

  17. Professional Astronomy without a Librarian

    OpenAIRE

    Andernach, Heinz

    2002-01-01

    Virtually every ``serious'' place where professional astronomy is done has a librarian, even if shared with the physics or math department. Since its creation in 1994 of {\\it Departamento de Astronom\\'{\\i}a} (DA) of Universidad de Guanajuato (UG) it was neither provided with a librarian, nor with proper space for its holdings, nor with a budget allowing institutional journal subscriptions. I describe my experience of now five years as ``amateur'' librarian, and present infor...

  18. Work Esteem And Re-Branding Of Technical Education And Vocational Training From The Perspective Of Parents, Teachers And Apprentice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahim Md. Sail

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Several issues were raised from the study of technical and vocational education: low pay, no career path for their future, unable to get admission to university, and finally technical education and vocational training are perceived to be for school dropouts and special needs students (the disabled (Ahmad Esa , 2010; Ramlee, 1999; Wancott, 2000; Gray, 1997; Stone, 1993; Kang and Bishop, 1986. Although various efforts have been undertaken by several agencies to encourage technical education and vocational training to the public, students and parents still prefer academic education to vocational education. Why does this phenomenon still exist despite the publicity given by many agencies? Do parents, students, teachers and school counselors, and various related parties understand the system of vocational education? Aren’t there sufficient promotion arranged? Aren’t there enough "success stories" of those doing technical education and vocational training brought to light by local media? This qualitative study was conducted in two zones, namely, the north (Kedah and central zone (Selangor, two schools were chosen from each zone; one school in the city (Kajang and one from the rural (Dengkil, which are sufficient to get the views of  parents and teachers. The results showed that there was a positive response from parents and teachers about the work reputation and re-branding of technical education and vocational training. Technical and vocational fields are no longer targeted for weak students; on the other hand this study has shown that parents believe that girls too can become successful mechanics. Now parents and teachers are encouraging students to pursue their field of interest, and no longer judge them based on test results per se to take up tertiary education. The path of technical education and vocational training can be advanced to university level and continued abroad. There are suggestions that opportunity should also be given to students learning Arabic or Islamic studies to pursue technical education and vocational training. Openness to technical education and vocational training can improve the image, work esteem and the re-branding of its career path to achieve the status of industrialized nation in 2020. Some implications of the study have been submitted for policy makers to take proactive steps in generating and enhancing the promotion of technical and vocational training.

  19. The Agile Librarian's Guide to Thriving in Any Institution

    CERN Document Server

    MCKNIGHT, MICHELYNN

    2009-01-01

    Agile librarians love their work and are appreciated for it. They have expertise in the practice of their profession and in the business of gaining and maintaining influence, as well as in effective marketing and public relations. This useful handbook describes and illustrates proven methods to get your library and information services the attention and support they deserve. Discover what your parent organization needs and values most. Delight your clients, your boss and non-librarian decision makers. Build a credible image and strengthen positive communication. Gather, analyze, and use valid

  20. Families: Influences in Children's Development and Behaviour, from Parents and Teachers' Point of View

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Figueiredo, Claudia Rodrigues Sequeira; Dias, Filomena Valadao

    2012-01-01

    Family plays a very important role in infant's development and behaviour, being that the parents' divorce can be a very stressful experience. This is an exploratory and comparative study that aims at identifying the differences in children's behaviour with divorced parents (or separated) and married parents (or living together), based on the…

  1. O Envolvimento parental na visão de pais e professores de alunos com necessidades educacionais especiais / Parental involvement from the point of view of parents and teachers of students with special educational needs

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana Carolina Camargo, Christovam; Fabiana, Cia.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Em tempos em que a inclusão escolar de crianças com necessidades educacionais especiais vem ocorrendo com maior frequência em idade pré-escolar, produzir dados sobre estes alunos possibilita uma atuação preventiva junto às famílias e às escolas. Além disso, existem evidências científicas de que uma [...] relação parental próxima à escola seja efetiva para a construção de práticas de ensino adequadas a promoção do desenvolvimento da criança de modo geral. O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a percepção dos participantes sobre a relação família-escola, considerando o processo de inclusão. Participaram do estudo 60 pais e 54 professores de crianças NEE, matriculados na pré-escola de uma cidade do interior do estado de São Paulo. Os dados foram coletados por meio de questionários, e analisados utilizando métodos descritivos e análise de conteúdo. Os dados indicam que os fatores importantes ao sucesso do aluno segundo professores seriam o apoio do profissional especializado, e o auxílio aos pais em tudo que envolvesse o desenvolvimento da criança; enquanto pais indicaram a importância de auxiliar alunos e professores na tarefa de casa. Os participantes afirmaram que uma boa relação família-escola seria aquela em que comunicação fosse eficiente. No que diz respeito à promoção da relação, professores afirmam a necessidade da escola ser mais atrativa e pais entendem a necessidade desta oferecer orientações sobre como participar. Embora os participantes compreendam a importância de uma relação parental próxima, existem lacunas sobre a melhor forma de realizar esse envolvimento, indicando a necessidade de ações que promovam o envolvimento parental. Abstract in english At a time when inclusion of children with special educational needs has been occurring most frequently at the early childhood education level, producing data on these students enables preventive measures to be taken with families and schools. There is scientific evidence that a close relationship be [...] tween parents and school is effective for constructing appropriate teaching practices, so as to promote the conditions necessary for child development. The aim of this study was to identify the participants' perceptions about the family-school relationship, considering the inclusion process. The study included 60 parents and 54 teachers of children with special educational needs enrolled in preschool in a city in the state of São Paulo. Data were collected through questionnaires and analyzed using content analysis and descriptive methods. The data indicate that the important factors to student success in the opinion of teachers were the support of expert professionals, and assistance of parents in everything involving the child's development; the parents, in turn, stressed the importance of helping their children and the teachers with homework issues. The participants reported that a good family-school relationship would be one in which communication was efficient. Regarding improvement of the relationship, teachers stated that the school should be made more attractive, while parents suggested that the school needed to offer more guidance on how they could participate more fully. Although the participants understand the importance of a close parental relationship, there are gaps on the best way to accomplish this involvement, indicating the need for programs that promote parental involvement.

  2. Reference Librarian in Digital Environment:

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faramarz Sohili

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available The information explosion of the latter half of the twentieth century, gave rise to online databases and various information media that gradually impacted on the very physical environment of the library. It transformed the librarians’ role. Reference librarians are no exception. The present study aims to investigate the need or lack of need to reference librarians within the digital domains based on the views expressed by LIS authorities in Iran. It would attempt further, to identify the qualities required for such librarian should a need for her/his expressed. The research, while descriptive in nature, was based on analyzing the results obtained by the checklist devised by the authors. LIS Specialist sample was composed of 57 people who filled the checklist. Findings show that there is a significance between employing ICT and need for a reference librarian. LIS experts in Iran believe that introduction of ICT, especially Internet and the WWW not only didn’t decrease the need for such librarians, but has caused the reference librarian to attain a more important and better status than before. Findings further demonstrated that while Iran is not a signatory to the international copyright conventions, the Iranian reference librarians are fully committed to observing author’s copyright and intellectual rights and frown on using software crackers.

  3. Strengthening the Roles of Parent Teacher Association in Secondary Schools for Better Community Participation in Educational Development in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haastrup Timilehin Ekundayo

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper examined the traditional roles of the Parent Teacher Association (PTA in secondary schools inNigeria. The state of secondary schools in Nigeria suggests that there are still some problems facing the school inwhich the PTA had been found wanting. These include inadequate financial support of the PTA to the schools;lack of cooperation between the schools and the parents; inadequate supervision of schools among others. Thepaper therefore made some recommendations on how the roles of the PTA can be strengthened for bettercommunity participation in the provision of qualitative education at the secondary school level. These includegiving the PTA more involvement in educational financing; giving them more responsibilities in schooladministration; giving them direct labour for execution of school projects instead of giving to outsidecontractors.

  4. Subject Librarian Knowledge Exchange and Sharing

    OpenAIRE

    Wu Xuezhi; Zhong Wenjuan

    2014-01-01

    Subject librarian’s tacit knowledge is the core competencies of its knowledge services. In order to improve it, University libraries should establish platform of knowledge resources for the subject librarian knowledge exchange and sharing. This study analyzes the current situation and existing problems of subject librarian knowledge exchange and sharing and propose optimization strategies of constructing such platform.

  5. Research concerning Young Children of Divorced Parents and Recommendations for Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwertfeger, Jane

    With particular attention given to children under 6 years of age, this discussion identifies issues related to the effects on children of divorce, father absence, and student/teacher interaction. Research relating to these issues is reviewed, and recommendations for teachers are offered. Issues concerning divorce, the duration of separation, the…

  6. Dutch teachers and parents about overweight prevention in pre-vocational schools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ridder, M A M; Visscher, T L S; Hirasing, R A; Seidell, J C; Renders, C M

    2014-03-01

    Healthier lifestyles may contribute to prevent overweight in adolescents. Although school-based interventions show promising results, adoption and implementation by secondary schools and involvement of parents is difficult. Our study aims to gain a better understanding of the problem awareness and beliefs of school staff and parents regarding adolescents' overweight and energy balance-related behaviour, their motivation for health-promoting activities and suggested actions in the school environment. Focus group interviews were conducted with three groups of parents and three groups of school staff at three pre-vocational schools in the Netherlands. Comments concerning awareness, motivation to intervene and possible actions were analysed with the Atlas.ti program. Results showed that school staff and parents were aware of overweight as a health problem, but underestimated the prevalence and impact of overweight and unhealthy behaviour in their school. Health-related behaviour of adolescents was considered primarily the responsibility of parents, but the school staff also had a pedagogical responsibility. Parents and school staff agreed that health promotion efforts would have more impact on adolescents' behaviour, when school-based activities were supported by parents and parental efforts were supported by school health promotion. Therefore, parental efforts and school-based activities should be aligned by developing and expressing shared norms about healthy behaviour and parents should be taught how to discuss healthy dietary and physical activity behaviour with their children. To tackle peer group culture and the obese environment, parents' and school staff's efforts should be part of an integrated community approach. PMID:24047575

  7. Librarian Mentoring of Undergraduate Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Annette Hayes-Bohanan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Bridgewater State University has a dynamic, highly visible, and increasingly successful Office of Undergraduate Research (OUR that supports students and their faculty mentors with developing research opportunities. Students working on undergraduate research projects have sought the help of librarians, but the librarians had never been directly involved as mentors. A librarian mentor and student library worker collaborated on a project to develop an online library guide, which is used by faculty and student researchers for discovering social justice resources, and found new paths to teaching and learning information literacy skills.

  8. Getting "Foolishly Hot and Bothered"? Parents and Teachers and Sex Education in the 1940s

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cook, Hera

    2012-01-01

    The reluctance of parents to provide sex education has been a problem for educators since the first attempts at the modernisation of sex education in the early twentieth century, yet the sexual needs, desires and fears of parents are rarely even mentioned in pedagogical debates. This article examines the intense anxiety and embarrassment felt by…

  9. Higher Education Librarians Are Comfortable and Confident With their Teaching Responsibilities and Pedagogical Knowledge. A Review of: Bewick, L., & Corrall, S. (2010. Developing librarians as teachers: A study of their pedagogical knowledge. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 42(2, 97-110.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mê-Linh Lê

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – The primary objective of this study was to gather quantitative information on the need, development, acquisition, and application of pedagogical knowledge by academic librarians with teaching responsibilities.Design – Online survey questionnaire.Setting – Higher-education (HE institutions (i.e., post-secondary institutions such as colleges and universities in the United Kingdom.Subjects – Subject librarians from 82 HE libraries (one from each.Methods – Of the 191 HE institutions in the United Kingdom (determined via a now-unavailable directory, 137 supplied an online staff directory with contact information. One subject librarian from each HE institution was contacted; librarians were selected from the online directory by taking a name systematically from a different point in each listing (i.e., first, second, third, etc. Each librarian was sent an email that contained an introductory message as well as a link to the questionnaire. The online questionnaire was created using Survey Monkey and piloted before and after input. It employed mostly multiple-choice tick boxes as well as open-ended questions and comment boxes. The 35-question survey questionnaire was developed in part through email interviews with two leading researchers in the field (identified via the literature. Responses were received from 82 librarians (60%. The answers were analyzed and cross-tabulated using SPSS. Komogorov-Smirnov tests were done to determine the significance of some results. Open-ended questions and comment boxes were placed into categories using Microsoft Excel to identify patters and themes.Main Results – The 82 librarians who responded to the survey came from a wide variety of backgrounds: the majority were subject librarians from Arts & Humanities (31%, had spent more than ten years in their position (38%, worked full-time (71%, were members of pre-1992 HE institutions (59%, and went by the job title of Subject Librarian (30% (or a slight variation thereof.Respondents indicated a significant amount of variation in terms of the number of hours spent preparing and teaching each week, ranging from 0 to 25 hours per week (FT staff and 0 to 12 hours (PT staff. Eleven librarians spent 40% or more of their time teaching. Due to the high standard deviation (5.71, however, and the fact that many librarians indicated difficulty providing precise figures, these percentages should only be used as general estimates.The study found that librarians were involved in a variety of teaching settings, including on-the-spot support, writing materials, teaching small groups, conducting one-on-one instruction, and teaching large groups. Evaluation was not indicated as a regular practice. With regard to pedagogical development, most training was of an informal nature learned on the job (75% or through trial and error (61%. Other training methods included short courses or training programs, conferences, peer-support groups, and committee work. The most valuable lessons librarians took from their training were awareness of different learning styles (37%, the use of new techniques (29%, and contribution of planning and preparing (27%.A Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was performed on the correlation between involvement in formal training and knowledge of designing learning activities or teaching and learning theories (97.4% and 100% likelihood of a significant impact, relatively. While the authors state in the article that a Chi-square test was done, the original thesis upon which the article is based (available via http://dagda.shef.ac.uk/dissertations/2006-07/External/Cox_Laura_MALib.pdf, notes that the test was not completed as more than 20% of the expected counts were less than five (a frequent limiting constraint of the test.The vast majority felt their work was either important or very important; that they were sufficiently qualified and knowledgeable; and that they were confident providing the sessions. Responses were mixed when it came to determining whether additional training would improve their confidence or aid th

  10. Collaboration of Parents and EFL Teachers to Enhance Children’s Motivation towards Reading Skills: Focus to 1st Cycle of Primary Schools in Jimma Zone

    OpenAIRE

    Gemechis Teshome

    2014-01-01

    The goal of this study is to investigate to what extent parents and an EFL teachers work collaboratively to boost children’s motivation to reading skills. To achieve this aim, the First Cycle of Primary Schools (1-4) of Jimma zone, two woredas ( Kersa and Mana) and one special town (Jimma) were taken as an example. Clear and measurable attempts were made to investigate the extent to which parents work with EFL teachers to increase their children’s motivation to the direction of reading s...

  11. SOME ASPECTS OF TEACHING MEDIA LITERACY TO PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN IN SLOVENIA FROM A PERCEPTION STANDPOINT OF TEACHERS AND PARENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jurka Lepi?nik Vodopivec

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with media literacy as a multidimensional skill that parents and teachers possess. In this context we warn of the media-technical aspect of this skill and, within this aspect, of parents’ and teachers’ opinion on the presence of media in children’s lives. Following that, the paper explores teachers’ media-didactic competence as a component of educators’ media literacy. In the empiric part we used two aspects of fostering media literacy. One is the media-technical competence of parents and educators, while the other is the media-didactic competence of educators. We found that both parents and teachers believe that media have a strong presence in everyday lives of pre-school children and that they play an important role in teaching pre-school children. Teachers are aware of the importance of early teaching with media, for media and about media with the purpose of developing children’s media literacy, so they will not be afraid of media when they grow up.

  12. Reuniões de pais na educação infantil: modos de gestão / Parent teacher meetings in early childhood education: management styles

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Heloisa Helena Genovese de Oliveira, Garcia; Lino de, Macedo.

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute a relação entre escolas e famílias no contexto da educação infantil por meio da análise de reuniões de pais. Fundamenta-se em um estudo de caso qualitativo sobre 11 reuniões, realizadas em duas escolas municipais de educação infantil paulistanas. Foram analisados os diferentes modos [...] de gestão pelo professor, segundo três aspectos: forma (pauta), conteúdo (temas), dinâmica (relações entre professor e pais). Os resultados indicaram modos de gestão que dificultam a participação dos pais e descaracterizam os objetivos das reuniões: forma desorganizada e rígida; conteúdo burocrático e comportamental; dinâmica fragmentada e centralizada. Ao mesmo tempo, identificaram-se indicadores que favorecem a construção de uma relação mais cooperativa durante as reuniões, correspondentes aos modos de gestão: forma compartilhada, conteúdo educacional e dinâmica coletiva. Os autores destacam a necessidade de registro e de avaliação coletiva das reuniões de pais, visando à articulação com o projeto pedagógico, o currículo e a dimensão didática Abstract in english The article discusses the relation between schools and families in the context of early childhood education through the analysis of parent teacher meetings. Case study of eleven meetings held in two public pre-schools of São Paulo city. The different ways of meeting management were analyzed accordin [...] g to three aspects: form (agenda of meeting), content (subject) and dynamics (relationship between teachers and parents). The results indicated ways of management that hindrance parents participation and affect the objective of the meeting: disorganized and rigid forms; bureaucratic content; fragmented and centralized dynamics. There were also identified indicators that favor the construction of a more cooperative relationship during the meetings: shared management; educational content and group dynamics. The authors outline the necessity of record the meetings and assess its connection with the pedagogical project, the curriculum and the didactic dimension

  13. Use of eyeglasses among children in elementary school: perceptions, behaviors, and interventions discussed by parents, school nurses, and teachers during focus groups.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kodjebacheva, Gergana Damianova; Maliski, Sally; Coleman, Anne L

    2015-01-01

    Purpose . To investigate the perceptions, behaviors, and recommendations that parents, school nurses, and teachers have regarding children's use of eyeglasses. Approach . Focus groups with parents, school nurses, and teachers were conducted. Setting . The study took place in one Southern California school district. Participants . There were 39 participants, including 24 parents, seven school nurses, and eight teachers. Method . An experienced moderator guided the focus group discussions. Transcripts were analyzed using grounded theory techniques. Results . Participants perceive visual impairment as a serious problem in the development of children. The lack of eyeglasses may lead to problems such as tiredness, headaches, inability to focus on school work, and decreased reading speed. Participants experienced disappointment, unhappiness, worry, and concern when they realized they needed eyeglasses at a young age. Negative societal perceptions toward eyeglasses, lack of eye doctors in minority communities, parental perceptions that children do not need eyeglasses, and peer bullying of children wearing eyeglasses are key obstacles to children's use of eyeglasses. Participants suggest school and national campaigns featuring respected public figures who wear eyeglasses to promote positive attitudes toward eyeglasses. Conclusion . Parents and teachers who closely follow the academic development of children have observed that visual impairment has negative consequences for the scholastic achievement of children. They recommend interventions to promote the attractiveness of eyeglasses in society. The participants discuss the need for a national preventative message for eye care similar to the message for dental care. The public health message should emphasize the importance of embracing and respecting differences among individuals. PMID:24717070

  14. For Parents, Teachers and Coaches: About Sports Eye Injury and Protective Eyewear

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Protection Resources for Adults Resources for Children About Sports Eye Injury and Protective Eyewear Listen Parents and coaches play ... activities and protective eyewear, visit: Coalition to Prevent Sports Eye Injuries Vision Council of America Prevent Blindness America Photo ...

  15. The image and role of the librarian

    CERN Document Server

    Katz, Linda S

    2013-01-01

    Get a unique insight into the image problems librarians face! The Image and Role of the Librarian addresses all aspects of professional identity for librarians, including professional roles, cultural images, popular perceptions, and future trends. The book examines historical representations, stereotypes, and popular culture icons and the role each plays in the relationship between librarian and patron. The book also looks at the profound impact the Internet has had on the services librarians provide and how electronic resources have transformed the roles and responsibilities of librarians. Fr

  16. (Re)Considering Normal: Queering Social Norms for Parents and Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bower, Laura; Klecka, Cari

    2009-01-01

    Recent debates regarding same-sex marriage and gay and lesbian adoption highlight the role of schools as sociopolitical institutions. Accordingly, teachers operating within social norms have considerable influence through their interactions with students and their families. Previous research points to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT)…

  17. Youth at Risk: A Resource for Counselors, Teachers and Parents. Part 3. Working with Youth at Risk: Behavioral Issues and Interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kempley, Frances A.; And Others

    This document consists of Part 3 of a book of readings on at-risk youth designed to provide information and strategies for counselors, teachers, parents, administrators, social workers, and others who work with youth at risk. It includes six readings, each dealing with a specific behavior that places a young person at risk. "The Secret and…

  18. Conceptual knowledge of vesico-vagina fistula among parents, teachers and counsellors of senior secondary students in Warri South local government area of Delta State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imoukhede M.O

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: VVF is leakages of urine and faeces through the vagina. It is rampant in the North and the Eastern parts of Nigeria due to the forced marriage of girls at about the age of eleven. This may be attributed to their small pelvises which have resulted in harmful reproductive health practice. The disability and suffering from obstetric fistula remains a neglected issue in global health. Aim: This study seeks to explore the conceptual knowledge of vesico-vagina fistula (VVF among parents, teachers and counselors of senior secondary school students in Warri South local government area of Delta state. Methods: A survey design was used. Random sampling method was used to select a total number of six hundred respondents including parents, teachers and counselors that participated in the study, but only five hundred and eleven questionnaires were retrieved. The questionnaire was divided into two sections containing information on demography and selected variables for the study. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics of Anova and t-tests. Result: the study revealed that there is no significant difference in the conceptual knowledge of VVF among parents, teachers and counselors of senior secondary school students either by educational status or location. Conclusion: It can be concluded that parents, teachers and counselors of senior secondary school have very little knowledge about VVF. There is need for educational programmes on VVF to enlighten them about VVF and the danger it poses.

  19. Parent-Teacher Agreement and Reliability on the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA) in English and Spanish for Ethnically Diverse Children Living in Poverty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crane, Jennifer; Mincic, Melissa S.; Winsler, Adam

    2011-01-01

    Research Findings: Social-emotional competence is especially important for children living in poverty, and effective assessment of social-emotional skills is critical. This study examined parent-teacher agreement and reliability of the Devereux Early Childhood Assessment (DECA; P. A. LeBuffe & J. A. Naglieri, 1999) English and Spanish forms in a…

  20. A Meta-Analysis of Parent and Teacher Reports of Depression among Students with Learning Disabilities: Evidence for the Importance of Multi-Informant Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Jason M.; Harwood, Hannah R.

    2011-01-01

    We conducted a meta-analysis to examine depressive symptomatology among students with learning disabilities (LD), as reported by their parents and teachers. A 2006 meta-analysis by Maag & Reid of the self-reports of students with LD indicated that this group's higher report of depressive symptoms compared to non-LD students was small in magnitude…

  1. The Impact of the Perspectives of Teachers and Parents on the Literacy Media Selections for Independent Study of Students Who Are Visually Impaired

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argyropoulos, Vassilios S.; Sideridis, Georgios D.; Katsoulis, Philippos

    2008-01-01

    This study explored the choices of literacy media for independent study of students with visual impairments. The predictors that were taken into account were teachers' use of technology, experience in teaching, and mastery of braille and the knowledge of braille of students, parents, and close friends.

  2. Parent-Community Involvement in School Governance and Its Effects on Teacher Effectiveness and Improvement of Learner Performance: A Study of Selected Primary and Secondary Schools in Botswana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boaduo, Nana Adu-Pipim; Milondzo, K. S.; Adjei, Alex

    2009-01-01

    This study surveyed 45 selected primary and secondary schools in Botswana which aimed to identify how parent and community involvement in the governance of schools affect teacher effectiveness and improvement of learner performance. The study started from January 2005 to December 2006. Literature review, administration of questionnaires, interview…

  3. School Engagement as a Mediator of Academic Performance among Urban Youth: The Role of Career Preparation, Parental Career Support, and Teacher Support

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Justin C.; Liu, Xiongyi; Pabian, Yvona

    2010-01-01

    Drawing from the contributions of vocational psychology, this study examined school engagement as a mediator of academic performance through the effects of career preparation (career planning, career decision-making self-efficacy), parental career support, and teacher support among diverse urban youth in middle school and high school (N = 285).…

  4. Embedded Librarianship: Librarian Faculty Collaboration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pramod Sharma,

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Embedded librarianship is an old concept in new context. It is an old phenomenon to initiate a new range of services in the present environment. This paper defines the attributes of embedded library services such as user-oriented, no physical proximity required, miniature group centric, expertise, etc. It also endows with suggestions to the future embedded librarians which embrace acting as a group and not as an individual, support from the organisation and associates, commercial outlook, risk taking competence, etc. This paper also explains the practicing embedded librarianship process which starts with the identification of a faculty member who is library-friendly and ends with providing with embedded library services in the hi-tech era. It is a transformation process of traditional librarian to embedded librarian. As compared to traditional librarianship which is based on transaction, embedded librarianship is based on relationship with the faculty, or user community. When an embedded librarian initiate interacting with the patrons, it takes them to the another level of understanding with the user. Librarianship with the help of IT has developed into a fruitful affiliation. Most of the high-flying libraries in India are providing embedded library services to its users, some of the libraries are Delhi University Library system, IIT Delhi, Indira Gandhi National Open University, etc. The success of embedded librarianship depends not only on the understanding of librarian and the faculty members but also on the support from the organisation.

  5. Academic Librarians in Second Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Cote

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The multi-user virtual world Second Life is an online software platform that allows users to jointly explore realistic three-dimensional environments via avatar characters, communicate via voice and text chat, and collaborate using shared creation tools. Librarians and educators have been developing academic content and services in Second Life for use with students and other constituency groups since 2005. This study surveyed academic librarians working in Second Life to discover their perceptions of virtual world environments for teaching and learning and to gauge the impact of this technology on their work with faculty and students. Sixty-two librarians provided details on various aspects of their professional involvement in Second Life. Findings show that librarians from every type of academic institution, at all levels of advancement, and in every department participate in this virtual world. Results include details of roles and functions, as well as perceived benefits and challenges. Because many adolescents and teenagers worldwide are currently active virtual world participants, academic librarians in Second Life view virtual world technology as a significant near-future educational trend.

  6. Guiding the Gifted Child: A Practical Source for Parents and Teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webb, James T.; And Others

    The book addresses common concerns of parents regarding the emotional needs of gifted children. Chapter I gives an overview of giftedness along with underlying myths and stereotypes that exist about gifted childre. Chapters II through XII focus on specific characteristics, frequently occurring problems, and particular suggestions for modifying…

  7. Feasibility and Integrity of a Parent-Teacher Consultation Intervention for ADHD Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Desiree W.; Rabiner, David; Schulte, Ann; Newitt, Kristy

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the feasibility and integrity of a daily report card (DRC) intervention in a small sample of randomly assigned elementary students with previously diagnosed ADHD and classroom impairment. In order to enhance implementation, a conjoint behavioral consultation approach was used in which parents were engaged as active participants…

  8. The personal librarian enhancing the student experience

    CERN Document Server

    Moniz, Richard

    2014-01-01

    Enter the Personal Librarian, a flexible concept that focuses on customizing information literacy by establishing a one-on-one relationship between librarian and student from enrollment through graduation

  9. Emerging technologies a primer for librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Koerber, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Emerging Technologies: A Primer for Librarians is a one-stop snapshot of emerging technologies every librarian should know about and examples that illustrate how the technologies are being used in libraries today!

  10. K-12 Students, Teachers, Parents, Administrators and Higher Education Faculty: Partners Helping Rural Disadvantaged Students Stay on the Pathway to a Geoscience Career

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slattery, W.; Antonucci, C.; Myers, R. J.

    2013-12-01

    The National Science Foundation funded project K-12 Students, Teachers, Parents, Administrators and Higher Education Faculty: Partners Helping Rural Disadvantaged Students Stay on the Pathway to a Geoscience Career is a research-based proof of concept track 1 pilot project that tests the effectiveness of an innovative model for simultaneous K-12 teacher professional development, student learning and workforce development. The project builds a network of science experiences designed to keep eighth and ninth grade students from the Ripley, Union, Lewis, Huntington (RULH) Ohio school district on the path to a geoscience career. During each summer of the ongoing two-year project teams of RULH students, parents, teachers, administrators and college faculty traveled to the facilities of the New Jersey Sea Grant Consortium at Sandy Hook, New Jersey to study science from an Earth system perspective. Teachers had the opportunity to engage in professional development alongside their students. Parents participated in the science activities alongside their children. Administrators interacted with students, parents and their teachers and saw them all learning science in an engaging, collaborative setting. During the first academic year of the project professional development was provided to RULH teachers by a team of university scientists and geoscience educators from the Earth System Science Education Alliance (ESSEA), a National Science Foundation funded project. Teachers selected for professional development were from science disciplines, mathematics, language arts and civics. The teachers selected, taught and assessed ESSEA Earth system science modules to all eighth and ninth grade students, not just those that were selected to go on the summer trips to New Jersey. In addition, all ninth grade RULH students had the opportunity to take a course that includes Earth system science concepts that will earn them both high school and college science credits. Professional development will continue through the 2013-2014 academic year. Formative assessment of the ongoing project indicates that students, teachers, parents and school administrators rank their experiences highly and that students are motivated to continue on the path to geoscience careers.

  11. Chief Information Officer: Schools Need Qualified Librarians To Manage the Accelerating Crush of Knowledge and Technology, Says Library Guru Mike Eisenberg. Interview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenberg, Mike; Barton, Rhonda

    2003-01-01

    In this interview, a leading expert in school librarianship discusses the school librarian's role in creating students who are effective users of information. The importance of information technology to information management is described, as are strategies librarians can use to collaborate with teachers and administrators. He describes how…

  12. Librarian’s Schizophrenia : Big Deal vs. Open Access

    OpenAIRE

    Nyns, Charles-Henri; International symposium science & engineering libraries for the 21st century

    2004-01-01

    All or most librarians are behaving in a schizophrenic manner. They know perfectly well that the aims of commercial (and some non-commercial) publishers are not the same as theirs: On the one hand there is a need for maximising profits (even if it is for the benefit of a society’s members) and shareholder values, on the other hand there is a mission to warrant and facilitate access to information for the users. So librarians find themselves back in opposition to the publishers and sustainin...

  13. Mobile devices a practical guide for librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Rawlins, Ben

    2014-01-01

    As more users expect to use their mobile devices, librarians will want and need to develop the necessary skills to reach this growing user base. Mobile Devices: A Practical Guide for Librarians will aid libraries and librarians as they go through the process of planning, developing, implementing, marketing, and evaluating mobile services.

  14. Edmodo: A Great Tool for School Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzweiss, Kristina

    2013-01-01

    School librarians are in a profession where it is easy to be isolated. Often, school districts have only one certified librarian and school librarians must create ways to connect with one another and with other educators. Social media opportunities such as Facebook, LinkedIn, blogs, wikis, and nings are powerful ways of staying connected on a…

  15. How to thrive as a solo librarian

    CERN Document Server

    Smallwood, Carol

    2011-01-01

    How to Thrive as a Solo Librarian is a compilation of chapters by librarians offering advice to colleagues who must work alone or with very limited help. The contributors come from schools and colleges, special and corporate archives, public libraries, and seasoned LIS faculty across the United States and abroad who are familiar with the vigor, dedication, and creativity necessary for solo librarians.

  16. MOOCs: The Challenges for Academic Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Cameron

    2013-01-01

    Over the next few years, librarians at many Australian universities will participate in the creation of local Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs). This article aims to prepare librarians for this task. It begins by summarising the development of the MOOC concept and then moves on to review the growing literature on MOOCs and librarians. It…

  17. Recruiting the Next Generation of School Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bishop, Kay; Janczak, Sue

    2007-01-01

    In 2003 at the American Association of School Librarians (AASL) 11th National Conference in Kansas City, the AASL Task Force on Recruitment for the Profession noted that 68 percent of school librarians will retire by the year 2015. They also reported extremely severe shortages of school librarians in ten states and severe shortages in 30 states…

  18. Teachers2Teachers (Math)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teacher2Teacher is "a peer-mentored question-and-answer service" and intended to serve as "a resource for teachers and parents who have questions about teaching mathematics." Visitors to the website can search or browse the archived discussions by topic area or grade level, ask a question, discuss math education in the Teachers' Lounge, or look up some Frequently Asked Questions. When posting a message or question, you are asked to provide your name and email. Registration is not required, but will qualify you for a free copy of their newsletter via email. Questions are answered by Teacher2Teacher Associates. The wide range of topics and levels covered here will prove helpful to students or instructors with questions on Developmental Math, ESL instruction, Logic, Calculus and many more. In addition, anyone interested in becoming a Teacher2Teacher Associate can learn more about how to apply in the About T2T section.

  19. Blogging for the Distance Librarian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pival, Paul R.

    2005-01-01

    Based on user lookups, "Merriam-Webster Online "proclaimed "Blog" the word of the year for 2004. Distance librarianship, until mid-way through 2004, was a subject that was underrepresented in the blogosphere. The inception of a blog called "The Distant Librarian: Comments on the World of Distance Librarianship" is chronicled in this article, along…

  20. Twitter for Libraries (and Librarians)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milstein, Sarah

    2009-01-01

    For many people, the word "twitter" brings to mind birds rather than humans. But information professionals know that Twitter (www.twitter.com) is a fast-growing, free messaging service for people, and it's one that libraries (and librarians) can make good use of--without spending much time or effort. This article discusses the many potential uses…

  1. REFLECTIONS ON THE FUNCTION OF REFERENCE LIBRARIAN IN THE SCIENTIFIC COMMUNICATION TRANSFER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Regina dos Anjos

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The assignment of the reference librarian of the university goes beyond its role as facilitator of information. Today he also works as an educator and promote training programs that teach students and researchers to standardize their academic-scientific works, as standards of the Brazilian Association of Technical Standards (ABNT. This paper discusses the problem of standardization of academic and scientific work in the universities. The methodology consisted of the review of work Completion of Course Work (CCW. The task of reviewing the academic and scientific work, which would be easy at first, becomes complicated by the difficulty of working together with the teacher librarian and the lack of the teacher librarian is also an education professional standards and that the documentary exist to facilitate the transfer of scientific communication.

  2. Perception of body size among Mexican teachers and parents Percepción del tamaño corporal en profesores y padres mexicanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Jiménez-Cruz

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Obesity in Mexico has reached epidemic proportions; and body image and body satisfaction might be culturally related. Body dissatisfaction has been related to low self-esteem. The aim of this study was to assess the range of perception among Mexican teachers and parents of the ideal body size of adults, boys and girls. Two-hundred and five teachers and eighty parents from Tijuana and Tecate schools participated in the study. Participants were asked to indicate the ideal body size for each group, as well as their own ideal body size. Average perception of ideal body weight for adults 35 to 45 years of age was 4.0 ± 0.84. Average perception for boys and girls was 4.6. Positive correlations were shown between self-perception of body size and body mass index (0.62, P La obesidad en México ha alcanzado proporciones epidérmicas: la imagen corporal y la satisfacción con el cuerpo de uno mismo podrían tener un componente cultural. La insatisfacción con el cuerpo de uno mismo se ha relacionado con auto-estima baja. El propósito de este estudio fue evaluar, entre los profesores y padres mexicanos, el rango de percepción del tamaño corporal ideal de adultos, niños y niñas. Doscientos cinco profesores y ochenta padres de colegios de Tijuana y Tecate participaron en el estudio. Se pidió a los participantes que indicasen el tamaño corporal ideal para cada grupo, así como su propio tamaño corporal ideal. La percepción promedio del peso corporal ideal para adultos de entre 35 y 45 años de edad fue 4,0 ± 0,84. La percepción ideal para niños y niñas fue 4,6. Se observaron correlaciones positivas entre la auto-percepción del tamaño corporal y el índice de masa corporal (0,62, P < 0,001, y la circunferencia de la cintura (0,55, P < 0,001. La auto-percepción del tamaño corporal se asoció con la percepción del tamaño corporal ideal para los niños (0,23, P < 0,001 y las niñas (0,22, P < 0,001, pero el IMC no se asoció con la percepción del tamaño corporal ideal en niños y niñas. Esto sugiere que se debería enseñar a los profesores y padres a evaluar de una forma más precisa el estado de peso e iniciar una acción preventiva o corregir el exceso de peso en niños y adultos.

  3. The validity, reliability and normative scores of the parent, teacher and self report versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coghill David

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ has become one of the most widely used measurement tools in child and adolescent mental health work across the globe. The SDQ was originally developed and validated within the UK and whilst its reliability and validity have been replicated in several countries important cross cultural issues have been raised. We describe normative data, reliability and validity of the Chinese translation of the SDQ (parent, teacher and self report versions in a large group of children from Shanghai. Methods The SDQ was administered to the parents and teachers of students from 12 of Shanghai's 19 districts, aged between 3 and 17 years old, and to those young people aged between 11 and 17 years. Retest data was collected from parents and teachers for 45 students six weeks later. Data was analysed to describe normative scores, bandings and cut-offs for normal, borderline and abnormal scores. Reliability was assessed from analyses of internal consistency, inter-rater agreement, and temporal stability. Structural validity, convergent and discriminant validity were assessed. Results Full parent and teacher data was available for 1965 subjects and self report data for 690 subjects. Normative data for this Chinese urban population with bandings and cut-offs for borderline and abnormal scores are described. Principle components analysis indicates partial agreement with the original five factored subscale structure however this appears to hold more strongly for the Prosocial Behaviour, Hyperactivity – Inattention and Emotional Symptoms subscales than for Conduct Problems and Peer Problems. Internal consistency as measured by Cronbach's ? coefficient were generally low ranging between 0.30 and 0.83 with only parent and teacher Hyperactivity – Inattention and teacher Prosocial Behaviour subscales having ? > 0.7. Inter-rater correlations were similar to those reported previously (range 0.23 – 0.49 whilst test retest reliability was generally lower than would be expected (range 0.40 – 0.79. Convergent and discriminant validity are supported. Conclusion We report mixed findings with respect the psychometric properties of the Chinese translation of the SDQ. Reliability is a particular concern particularly for Peer Problems and self ratings by adolescents. There is good support for convergent validity but only partial support for structural validity. It may be possible to resolve some of these issues by carefully examining the wording and meaning of some of the current questions.

  4. Inclusão escolar de crianças com deficiência múltipla: concepções de pais e professores Scholar inclusion of multiple deficiency children: parents and teachers conceptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávia Furtado Silveira

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo identificar as concepções dos pais e dos professores de crianças com deficiência múltipla sobre a inclusão escolar e social dessas crianças. Participaram deste estudo 10 famílias (sete casais e três mães e 10 professoras de crianças deficientes múltiplas, atendidas pelo Programa de Atendimento a Deficientes Múltiplos da Secretaria do Estado de Educação do Distrito Federal. Utilizaram-se entrevistas semi-estruturadas com os pais e os professores e observações no ambiente escolar. Os resultados indicaram que os pais percebem a deficiência do filho como algo que acarreta grande sofrimento e que traz comprometimentos sociais, principalmente relacionados ao trabalho. Os pais e os professores acreditam não ser possível a inclusão escolar dessas crianças, por conceberem o desenvolvimento delas como inexistente e por considerarem a escola de ensino regular despreparada para recebê-las.This research aimed at identifying the conceptions of parents and teachers of children with multiple deficiencies, regarding their scholar and social inclusion. Ten families (seven couples and three mothers as well as 10 teachers of multiple deficiency children participated in this research; these children are attended by the Program of Attendance to Multiple Deficient of the State Secretary of Education of the Federal District - SEDF. Half-structured interviews were made with parents and teachers and also observation of the scholar environment. The results indicated that parents are aware of their children's deficiency as something that brings great suffering and social limitations, specially related to work. Parents and teachers believe that the scholar inclusion of these children is not possible, for conceiving their development as inexistent and for considering the regular teaching school unprepared to receive them.

  5. Psychometric Properties of the Parent and Teacher Versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire for 4- to 12-Year-Olds: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Stone, Lisanne L.; Otten, Roy; Engels, Rutger C. M. E.; Vermulst, Ad A.; Janssens, Jan M. A. M.

    2010-01-01

    Since its development, the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) has been widely used in both research and practice. The SDQ screens for positive and negative psychological attributes. This review aims to provide an overview of the psychometric properties of the SDQ for 4- to 12-year-olds. Results from 48 studies (N = 131,223) on reliability and validity of the parent and teacher SDQ are summarized quantitatively and descriptively. Internal consistency, test–retest reliability, a...

  6. O ponto de vista de pais e professores a respeito das interações linguísticas de crianças surdas / Parents' and teachers' points of view about deaf children's linguistic interactions

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Simone, Schemberg; Ana Cristina, Guarinello; Giselle, Massi.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Diversos estudos atuais têm revelado que a surdez deve ser reconhecida como diferença, especialmente no que diz respeito aos aspectos linguístico-discursivos. Contudo, crianças surdas vêm enfrentando, na família e na escola, barreiras linguísticas com implicações nas suas possibilidades de inclusão [...] social. Nessa direção, o presente trabalho objetiva analisar o ponto de vista de pais e professores a respeito das interações linguísticas de crianças surdas no âmbito familiar e escolar, considerando o contexto da inclusão. Foram entrevistados doze familiares (quatro pais e oito mães) de crianças surdas que frequentam o ensino regular e foi aplicado um questionário junto a doze professores dessas mesmas crianças. Os resultados apontam que nem os familiares nem os professores usam a língua de sinais para interagir com os surdos, gerando interações linguísticas restritas e pouco efetivas. Além disso, percebeu-se que familiares e professores apresentam um desconhecimento acerca da surdez, da língua de sinais e das consequências da surdez para o surdo. Abstract in english Several studies argue that deafness should be currently considered as a difference, specifically regarding linguistic discursive aspects. Nevertheless, at home and at school deaf children have to face linguistic barriers that affect their social inclusion. This study aims to analyze points of view o [...] f parents and teachers related to the deaf child's linguistic interactions at home and at school, considering the context of inclusion. Twelve parents (four fathers and eight mothers) of deaf children enrolled in regular schools were interviewed and a questionnaire was applied to these children's twelve teachers. The results show that neither parents nor teachers use sign language to interact with these children and that there linguistic interactions were restricted and not very effective. Furthermore, the answers by parents and teachers demonstrate a lack of understanding about deafness, sign language and its consequences upon the deaf individual.

  7. Schools as institutions for peace in Northern Ireland: pupils’, parents’ and teachers’ perspectives on the community relations dimension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ron Smith

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: The aim of the research reported in this paper is to inform the processes of school improvement for better intercommunal relations in Northern Ireland. Notwithstanding the present peace process, the quality of community relations remains a crucial concern for those interested in long-term stability. The research strategy drew on data from nine case study schools and was considered to be part of an interpretist-constructivist paradigm involving an inductive or grounded theory approach to analysis. The views of pupils, parents and teachers on the contribution of schooling towards improved inter-group relationships were explored in some depth and the wealth of rich data shed light on school practices and key institutional factors implicated in effectiveness and improvement. Nineteen themes were identified which appeared not to be discrete or self-contained but interact in complex ways creating different patterns at different organisational sites. Furthermore, the patterns spun by these factors appeared to vary in nature through relationship with identities such as geographical location, socio-economic status, ethnicity and gender. It is argued that this study contributes towards the existing literatures on school effectiveness and improvement and schooling and sectarianism in Northern Ireland. The results suggested that education for community relations in N. Ireland required an alternative concept of school effectiveness to the received model. The emerging organisational picture was more consistent with sensitivity to context models of effectiveness and improvement. The analysis in the final section was designed to offer some broad pointers for school improvement.

  8. Willingness to use ADHD treatments: a mixed methods study of perceptions by adolescents, parents, health professionals and teachers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bussing, Regina; Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka; Noguchi, Kenji; Mason, Dana; Mayerson, Gillian; Garvan, Cynthia W

    2012-01-01

    Little is known about factors that influence willingness to engage in treatment for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). From 2007 to 2008, in the context of a longitudinal study assessing ADHD detection and service use in the United States, we simultaneously elicited ADHD treatment perceptions from four stakeholder groups: adolescents, parents, health care professionals and teachers. We assessed their willingness to use ADHD interventions and views of potential undesirable effects of two pharmacological (short- and long-acting ADHD medications) and three psychosocial (ADHD education, behavior therapy, and counseling) treatments. In multiple regression analysis, willingness was found to be significantly related to respondent type (lower for adolescents than adults), feeling knowledgeable, and considering treatments acceptable and helpful, but not significantly associated with stigma/embarrassment, respondent race, gender and socioeconomic status. Because conceptual models of undesirable effects are underdeveloped, we used grounded theory method to analyze open-ended survey responses to the question: "What other undesirable effects are you concerned about?" We identified general negative treatment perceptions (dislike, burden, perceived ineffectiveness) and specific undesirable effect expectations (physiological and psychological side effects, stigma and future dependence on drugs or therapies) for pharmacological and psychosocial treatments. In summary, findings indicate significant discrepancies between teens' and adults' willingness to use common ADHD interventions, with low teen willingness for any treatments. Results highlight the need to develop better treatment engagement practices for adolescents with ADHD. PMID:22133584

  9. Implementing the Critical Friend Method for Peer Feedback among Teaching Librarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yvonne Hultman Özek

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – The role of the academic librarian has become increasingly educative innature. In this study, the critical friend method was introduced among teachinglibrarians in an academic setting of medicine and health sciences to ascertainwhether this approach could be implemented for feedback on teaching of theselibrarians as part of their professional development.Methods – We used a single intrinsic case study. Seven teaching librarians and one educator from the faculty of medicine participated, and they all provided and received feedback. These eight teachers worked in pairs, and each of them gave at least one lecture or seminar during the study period. The performance of one teacher and the associated classroom activities were observed by the critical friend and then evaluated and discussed. The outcome and effects of critical friendship were assessed by use of a questionnaire.Results – The present results suggest that use of the critical friend method among teaching academic librarians can have a positive impact by achieving the following: strengthening shared values concerning teaching issues; promoting self-reflection, which can improve teaching; facilitating communication with colleagues; and reducing the sense of “loneliness” in teaching. This conclusion is also supported by the findings of previous studies.Conclusion – The critical friend method described in this study can easily be implemented and developed among teaching librarians, provided that there is support from the organization. This will benefit the individual teaching librarian, as well as the organization at large.

  10. Shut up! :social inclusion of children with intellectual disabilities in Ghana :an empirical study of how parents and teachers experience socialinclusion [i.e. social inclusion] of children with intellectual disabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Hervie, Vyda Mamley

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to understand social inclusion for children with intellectual disabilities from the perspectives of parents and teachers. The specific context is to understand the inclusion of these children through meaningful participation in social activities. In-depth interviews were held with six biological parents of children with intellectual disabilities and six teachers who teach children with intellectual disabilities to explore their experiences on contexts that enhanc...

  11. Diabetes Movie (For Parents)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Parents for Kids for Teens Parents Home General Health Growth & Development Infections Diseases & Conditions Pregnancy & Baby Nutrition & Fitness Emotions & Behavior School & Family Life First Aid & Safety Doctors & Hospitals Q&A Recipes En Español Teachers - ...

  12. The Methodology of Ascertaining the Information Needs of a Particular Business Organization: The Special Librarian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waggoner, Phyllis A.

    The prime function of a special library is the correlation of all aspects of patron needs, coupled with extensive knowledge of the parent organization. Business librarians should be alert to their role as facilitators, and routing sheets are an example of internally generated information distribution. Feedback from employees can also provide the…

  13. Assessing Vocational Development in Prospective School Librarians. A Review of: Jones, S. (2010. The occupational choice of school librarians. Library Trends, 59(1-2, 166-187.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayle Bogel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective – To explore the motivations for choosing school librarianship as a career.Design – Narrative research, qualitative interviews.Setting – The School Media program specialization in a Master of Library Science program at a large research university.Subjects – Five graduate school students seeking initial certification as school library media specialists.Methods – The researcher employed narrative research, based on career construction theory and the Life Story Interview, (McAdams, 1995. This methodology is a set of loosely-structured, open-ended questions designed to encourage detailed, in-depth responses from the participant teller, combined with a more structured Career Style Interview (Savickas, 2005 designed to elicit self-defining stories.Data was collected through qualitative interviews, using personal narrative interviews that focused on the entire life of each person from birth to present (Life Story Interviews and additional questions in an interview format (Career Style Interview.Data was collected and analyzed in two stages. The analysis first examined participants as individuals then tried to identify commonalities among the stories. Each life story was examined to determine a career style on the basis of vocational personality, career adaptability and life theme. The interview data was then analyzed for thematic connections and occupational choice. Main Results – The final analysis identified the following themes as relevant to the study, and to the career choices of graduate students planning to be school librarians: parental expectations; career changers; librarian mentors; prior library work experiences; reading; library experiences; altruism-service; desire to work with children; financial stability and security; flexibility of work schedule; emotional distance; and vocational personality.In general, the participants appear to value safe, traditional career choices that allow them to put family first and maintain a flexible work schedule, while also providing financial stability and security. Those who are already teachers noted interest in a job that provides relief and emotional distance from the everyday social problems of students. All five noted the “love of reading” as a motivation for choosing this career path.The vocational personality of each subject was determined through interpreting their answers on the Career Interest Surveys, using Holland Occupational Theme RIASEC codes: Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising, and Conventional. The vocational personality of all five students did not match the predominant code for school librarians. None exhibited a resemblance to the “enterprising” type, the most prominent personality for successful school librarians. All five did exhibit “artistic” vocational personality, and the researcher notes that this may be an explanation for the choice of librarianship as a second career, as artistic types take longer to find a compatible career match. The researcher also notes that the final code is a “best estimate” for each subject. Conclusion – Examining the vocational development of the five graduate students through vocational personality, career adaption and life theme afforded a broader viewpoint than traditional survey studies. The determining of vocational personality type may be helpful to recruitment efforts to the profession, and help make the career choice more visible.

  14. Parental Support in the Development of Young Musicians: A Teacher's Perspective from a Small-Scale Study of Piano Students and Their Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margiotta, Mimia

    2011-01-01

    This article focuses on the influence of parental support and interactions on the young musicians' learning processes. In an attempt to corroborate the findings of the wider research, a case-study has been carried out comprising observations of 34 parents and 34 piano students taught by the author in three different locations (private studio,…

  15. Accidental Government Documents Librarian: A Review of Experiences and Training Needs of Interim Documents Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yelinek, Kathryn; Hinchcliff, Marilou

    2009-01-01

    The results of a survey to determine the training needs and normative experiences of temporary government documents librarians are presented. The results indicate that temporary librarians tend to work in academia, have been in librarianship for a shorter time period, and have fewer technical processing skills than permanent documents librarians.…

  16. A Letter to Elementary Science Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marcia Mardis

    In this article, a school librarian looks at ways the elementary teacher can find support in the school library for introducing inquiry-based, technology-enriched science concepts to K-Grade 5 students. She describes the national "@ your library" campaign, which stresses collaboration between school librarians and teachers. The article appears in the free, online magazine Beyond Weather and the Water Cycle, which focuses on the seven essential principles of climate science.

  17. Perceptions of Teachers, Students and Parents of the Characteristics of Good Teachers: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of China and the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Shujie; Meng, Lingqi

    2009-01-01

    Since the 1920's many researchers have conducted studies exploring the qualities of good teachers. However, a limited number of empirical studies have been conducted in the People's Republic of China (hereafter called China). The current study has two objectives. The first one aims to compare a good teacher's characteristics in China and the USA.…

  18. Authentic Assessments: Praxis for the Distance Librarian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Twomey, Beth

    2015-01-01

    Distance librarians continually develop information literacy instruction in a variety of formats. Assessment, when it occurs, tends to be of the traditional multiple-choice variety and does not measure more complex skills. Authentic assessments offer the instruction librarian a way to re-think their instruction strategies and assessment of student…

  19. Librarians' Attitudes towards Marketing Library Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aharony, Noa

    2009-01-01

    This research set out to explore the attitudes of school, academic and public librarians towards marketing libraries. The main question that was examined is whether personality characteristics such as empowerment, extroversion and resistance to change influence librarians' attitudes towards the marketing of libraries. One hundred and fifty-six…

  20. Academic Librarians: Status, Privileges, and Rights

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vix, Heidi M.; Buckman, Kathie M.

    2012-01-01

    Three surveys from the College and University Library Division (CULD) of the Arkansas Library Association (ArLA) from the past six years representing forty-four academic institutions were studied to determine the number of students per librarian on campus, salary, faculty status, contract-length, and maternity/paternity leave for librarians.…

  1. Librarian's guide to online searching

    CERN Document Server

    Bell, Suzanne S

    2012-01-01

    This is the third edition of one of the breakthrough books in the field of library and information science. No other text before it, or since, has provided such relevant, timely, and practical techniques for online research.Librarian's Guide to Online Searching, Third Edition explores the fundamentals of online searching, including database structure, searching tips, and plenty of exercises and questions for practice. This guide includes representative databases covering social sciences, science and medicine, bibliographic, humanities, and numerical data. The revised and updated edition of thi

  2. Hardly Rocket Science: Collaboration with Math and Science Teachers Doesn't Need to Be Complicated

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minkel, Walter

    2004-01-01

    While librarians routinely collaborate with reading and humanities teachers, they rarely partner with teachers of math and science--to the loss of students. With the current emphasis on standardized testing and declining student performance in math and science, media specialists need to remedy this situation. Why don't librarians click with…

  3. Integrated Study Units Cooperatively Developed by the Classroom Teacher and the Media Specialist To Facilitate the Development of Library Research Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Nancy Jill

    Study units integrating library skills into the day-to-day teaching curriculum were cooperatively developed by classroom teachers and librarians at The King's Christian Junior and Senior High School in Cherry Hill, New Jersey. Teachers filled out forms to express their preferences for study unit subjects. Librarians then met with teachers to: (1)…

  4. Nivel de Conocimiento sobre Pasta Dental Fluorada en Padres y Profesores de Preescolares / Level of Knowledge about Fluoride Toothpaste in Parents and Teachers from Preschool Children

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Manuel Antonio, Mattos-Vela; Milagros Bertha, Carrasco-Loyola; Suelen Giuliana, Valdivia-Pacheco.

    Full Text Available : El objetivo del estudio fue determinar el nivel de conocimiento sobre pasta dental fluorada según la fuente de información sobre flúor en padres y profesores de preescolares. Se aplicó un cuestionario a una muestra representativa de padres y a todos los profesores de preescolares de instituciones [...] educativas iniciales estatales del distrito de la Molina, Lima, Perú. El nivel de conocimiento se categorizó en tres niveles: bajo (0-2 puntos), medio (3-5 puntos) y alto (67 puntos). Se utilizó tablas de distribución de frecuencias para el análisis univariado y las pruebas chi cuadrado y exacta de Fisher para el análisis bivariado. El nivel de conocimiento sobre pasta dental fluorada más frecuente fue el nivel medio tanto en los padres (n=68, 45 %) como en los profesores (n=52, 58,4 %). El ítem: el cepillado de dientes con pasta dental con flúor puede curar la caries inicial, presentó el menor número de aciertos en su respuesta con 50 (33,1 %) y 19 (21,4 %) padres y profesores respectivamente. Cuando se relacionó el nivel de conocimiento con las fuentes de información sobre flúor se encontró que en el caso de los padres, la charla educativa (p=0,014) y el dentista (p=0,003) estaban asociados, mientras que en el caso de los profesores, solo se halló asociación estadísticamente significativa con la charla educativa (p=0,013). El nivel predominante de conocimientos sobre pasta fluorada en los padres y profesores fue el nivel medio y estuvo asociada al dentista y la charla educativa como fuentes principales de información. Abstract in english The study aimed to determine the level of knowledge about fluoride toothpaste based on the fluoride source for parents and teachers from preschool children. A questionnaire was applied in a representative sample of parents and all teachers working at preschool educational state institutions in the M [...] olina district, Lima, Perú. The level of knowledge was classified into three levels: low (0-2 points), medium (3-5 points) and high (6-7 points). We used frequency distribution tables for the univariate analisys, the chi square test and Fisher exact test for the bivariate analisys. The most frequent level of knowledge about fluoride toothpaste was medium level in both, parents (n = 68, 45%) and teachers (n = 52, 58.4%). The item: brushing teeth with fluoride toothpaste can cure the initial decay, obtained (had) the lowest number of correct response 50 (33.1%) and 19 (21.4%) parents and teachers respectively. It was found that the level of knowledge related to sources of information about fluoride is in the case of parents, educational talk (p = 0.014) and the dentist (p = 0.003) were associated, whereas in the case of teachers, only statistically significant association was found with the educational talk (p = 0.013). The higher level of knowledge about fluoride toothpaste on parents and teachers was the middle level and was associated with the dentist and educational talk as major sources of information.

  5. Shelving, Stamping and Shushing: Librarians in the Movies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeagley, Beth

    For many years, librarians have been bothered by negative portrayals of librarians in the media. Unattractive, non-professional old maids have been the dominant images of librarians in the movies. In 1989, the American Library Association issued a campaign designed to promote a more accurate, positive image of the librarian in an attempt to change…

  6. The Influence of Classroom Management, Administrative Support, Parental Involvement, and Economic Factors on the Retention of Novice Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dwyer, Katrina Moody

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of selected factors upon the intent of novice teachers to remain in the classroom. Teachers are leaving the profession in numbers that have prompted significant concern among policymakers and administrators. Many qualified college students are not considering the field of education as a potential…

  7. Context Matters: Effects of Student Characteristics and Perceived Administrative and Parental Support on Teacher Self-Efficacy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stipek, Deborah

    2012-01-01

    The cross-sectional study of factors predicting teacher self-efficacy involved surveys of 473 third- and fifth-grade, predominantly White female teachers in 196 schools. The schools served, on average, a relatively high proportion of students living in poverty and students of color. The findings indicate that the proportion of minority students in…

  8. Employment, training and career of school librarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francka Žumer

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the legal basis for the employment, professional training and promotion of librarians working in school libraries. The author calls attention to the deficiencies of legislation and to the need for cooperative efforts of the representatives of the Faculty of Arts, Department of Librarianship, Association of Library Societies, Advisory Committee on School Libraries and other organizations in the planning of training and career development of school librarians.The existing legislation should be complemented, an analysis of the necessary professional training for elementary and high school librarians carried out, and their training in librarianship, information sciences, pedagogy, didactics, and cognitive psychology should be planned in harmonization.

  9. New directions for academic liaison librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Crawford, Alice

    2012-01-01

    Aimed at practitioners and students of librarianship, this book is about interesting and unusual practical projects currently being run by academic liaison librarians. It shows how liaison librarians can extend their roles beyond the established one of information literacy teaching and showcases areas in which they can engage in collaborative ventures with academic and administrative staff. Designed to excite and inspire, New Directions for Academic Liaison Librarians demonstrates the potential of the liaison role and emphasises the need for flexibility, imagination and initiative in those who

  10. Life skills need assessment in female high school students in Jahrom from the viewpoints of students, parents and teachers (2009-10

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahnaz Solhi

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:To have a successful life, functional life skills are essential. However, in educational systems, there is not enough time for the realization of all the needs. One of the most fundamental goals of needs assessment activities is to identify the needs and goals and their importance for practical applications. The main purpose of this study was to determine the priorities of life skills for high school girls in the third grade, to design more desirable educational programs for them.Methods:In a descriptive study on the third grade students, teachers, advisors and parents, 200 subjects were selected through cluster sampling. The research instrument included three valid and reliable questionnaires in which there were 10 questions on the priorities of life skills.Results:Overall, life skill priorities from the viewpoint of all the subjects include self-awareness, decision making, effective communication, creative thinking, empathy, interpersonal relationship, coping with stress, problem solving, critical thinking, and coping with emotions. Of the 120 high school female students 7.56%, had not undergone any education on life skills.Conclusion:The priorities of life skills from the viewpoint of the three groups of third grade students, parents and teachers were different. More than half of the students (7.56% had no education on the skills. Self- awareness, effective communication with others and decision making were identified as the first three priorities.

  11. Lesson Plans for the Busy Librarian: A Standards Based Approach for the Elementary Library Media Center, Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keeling, Joyce

    2005-01-01

    The author designed this book, like Volume I of the set, to give elementary school librarians a quick, enjoyable way to coordinate with teachers to teach information literacy and literacy skills aligned with national standards. The chapters in the book include: (1) Kindergarten Lesson Plans; (2) First-Grade Lesson Plans; (3) Second-Grade Lesson…

  12. Balancing the books accounting for librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Kirk, Rachel A

    2012-01-01

    Balancing the Books: Accounting for Librarians fills the gap that exists in literature on library acquisitions accounting. By covering essential accounting concepts, budgeting, government regulations that pertain to libraries, as well as accounting measur

  13. What do Data Services Librarians Do?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine R. Martin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available JESLIB Editor Elaine R. Martin introduces the articles in Volume 1, Issue 3 and discusses how these papers demonstrate many of the data services librarians can offer to the research community.

  14. Rational emotive behavior therapy: applications for working with parents and teachers / Terapia relacional-emotiva comportamental: aplicações com pais e professores

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Mark D., Terjesen; Robyn, Kurasaki.

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Considerando os índices elevados de estresse emocional entre pais e professores, a abordagem Terapia Racional-Emotiva Comportamental parece ser uma estratégia útil na promoção de um funcionamento mais eficaz entre pais e professores e para aumentar o comportamento positivo e a aprendizagem da crianç [...] a. O modelo Terapia Racional-Emotiva Comportamental pode ser útil para os clínicos que trabalham com os pais e as famílias, identificando e posteriormente alterando as suas idéias não saudáveis, aprimorando o funcionamento emocional, e aumentando a capacidade de tomar decisões mais eficazes sobre o gerenciamento comportamental. Além disso, quem trabalha com educadores no contexto escolar talvez deseje levar em conta a implementação da metodologia Terapia Racional-Emotiva Comportamental nas suas intervenções clínicas e terapêuticas. A partir dos dados que associam o stress com os pensamentos pouco saudáveis entre educadores, a Terapia Racional-Emotiva Comportamental pode ser uma ferramenta eficaz que merece uma mais ampla aplicação. Abstract in english Given the high rates of reported emotional stress among parents and teachers, the Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy approach appears to be a useful strategy to promote more effective parent and teacher emotional functioning and increase child positive behaviors and learning. The Rational Emotive Beh [...] avior Therapy model may be helpful for clinicians who work with the parents and the family by identifying and subsequently changing their unhealthy ideas, enhancing emotional functioning, and increasing their ability to make effective behavior management decisions. In addition, those who work with educators in a school-based setting may wish to consider implementing Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy methodology in their consultative and therapeutic interventions. Given the data that links stress to unhealthy beliefs among educators, Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy may be an effective tool that warrants further application.

  15. The medical librarian as chief information officer.

    OpenAIRE

    Greer, M. C.

    1998-01-01

    The position of chief information officer (CIO) is gaining popularity, especially in the health care field. The results of an informal electronic and telephone survey indicate that few medical librarians have made a career move to CIO even though this might seem like a logical step. This paper examines the qualities required of an effective information management executive, the role CIOs play within organizations, and the career advancement strategies for librarians interested in becoming CIO...

  16. Time and project management strategies for librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Smallwood, Carol; Fraser, Lisa

    2013-01-01

    As budgets for libraries continue to shrink, the key challenge facing the 21st century librarian is finding how to do more with less. This book features more than thirty essays that provide valuable tips for the professional who must cope with increasing demands upon their resources. Librarians will get tips on how to identify the most important tasks for the library; eliminate non-essential functions and processes; increase reliance on volunteers, interns, and students; optimize daily routines; and more.

  17. The ALBA Project: an evaluation of needs, management, fears of Italian young patients with type 1 diabetes in a school setting and an evaluation of parents' and teachers' perceptions.

    OpenAIRE

    Cerutti, Franco

    2011-01-01

    Pinelli L, Zaffani S, Cappa M, Carboniero V, Cerutti F, Cherubini V, Chiarelli F, Colombini MI, La Loggia A, Pisanti P, Vanelli M, Lorini R. The ALBA Project: an evaluation of needs, management, fears of Italian young patients with type 1 diabetes in a school setting and an evaluation of parents' and teachers' perceptions. Objective: To determine how Italian parents and school personnel of 6-13-year-old children with type 1 diabetes (T1D) manage during school hours, includi...

  18. Book Review: Teens, librarians, and social networking: What librarians need to know?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaheh Hossseini

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This book is a collection of wide-ranging, informative and provocative chapters discussing the use of social networks to serve teens, both online and in the library. Comprehensive surveys on this topic are being discussed in this series. The application of social networks is a new era for library services to young adults. Social networking tools are the doorway into their worlds, and the library can use these tools to become a wide-open portal for greater educational opportunities. The aim of this book is to support the belief that teens should be served by libraries in the best ways possible, and social networks may be useful tools to deliver these services to teens. The editors and contributors explain the reasons why so many teens use social networking tools and offer suggestions as to how best to use them to serve teens. They also examine issues of critical concerns to librarians and parents, such as safety and privacy issues, and study the social and educational benefits of online social networking. The book is organized into 12 chapters with a series forward and introduction, a comprehensive table of contents, references, a list of useful websites at the end of each chapter, an index and finally a section on the editors and contributors.

  19. The Sufficiently Embedded Librarian: Defining and Establishing Productive Librarian-Faculty Partnerships in Academic Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivares, Olivia

    2010-01-01

    How does an academic librarian become embedded in a department or college that is reluctant to accept reference, research or instruction services from the library? In such cases, the would-be embedded librarian may have to settle for "partial" embedding, offering some services where possible and tactfully abstaining from offering others that were…

  20. Validez Social de la Intervención en Adolescentes con Fobia Social: Padres frente a Profesores / Social Validity of Adolescent Intervention in Social Phobia: Parents vs. Teachers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    P. J., Olivares-Olivares; A. I., Rosa-Alcázar; J., Olivares-Rodríguez.

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Se presentan los resultados de un estudio llevado a cabo en un contexto comunitario con adolescentes espa­ñoles que presentan fobia social generalizada. El principal objetivo de esta investigación es analizar si los datos aportados por diferentes agentes de información (adolescentes, sus padres y pr [...] ofesores), mediante la versión creada para ello de esta escala (SAS-A total, SAS-A Padres y SAS-A Profesores), coinciden en la percepción de la mejora, atendiendo al tipo de tratamiento recibido, con el fin de analizar la validez social de los cambios. Los cincuenta y nueve sujetos seleccionados, de edades comprendidas entre 14 y 17 años, siendo el 67,8% chicas, fueron asignados al azar a tres condiciones experimentales: Tratamiento psicológico estructurado (cognitivo-conductual), Transmisión de información relativa a la ansiedad en general y a la fobia social en particular y Grupo de control lista de espera. Los resultados muestran que los adolescentes que recibieron tratamiento psicológico estructurado alcanzan mejores resultados en todas las variables medidas y que dichos cambios son percibidos por sus padres y profesores, siendo el grado de concordancia entre estos últimos mayor que entre éstos y los adolescentes Abstract in english The results of a research conducted with adolescents who suffer generalized phobia at a community setting, are presented. The main objective was to analyze if the data from different informants (adolescents, their parents, and teachers) obtained with a scale designed for this purpose (SAS-A complete [...] , SAS-A parents, and SAS-A teachers) were consistent in the improvement perception, in function of the kind of treatment received; aiming at analyzing the social validity of the changes. The 59 participants who were selected had between 14 and 17 years of age (67.8% girls), and were randomly assigned to three experimental conditions: structured behavioral treatment (cognitive-behavioral), transmission of information regarding general anxiety disorders and social phobia in particular, and a control group which remained in waiting list. The results showed that adolescents in the structured behavioral treatment had a better evolution in all the psychological variables that were assessed, and that the changes were perceived by their parents and teachers, being the concordance between the later and the former higher than each of them with the adolescents

  1. Padres, profesores y pares: contribuciones para la autoestima y coping en los adolescentes / Parents, teachers and peers: contributions to self-esteem and coping in adolescents

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Catarina, Pinheiro Mota; Paula, Mena Matos.

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available En consonancia con la teoría del apego, la calidad de la relación con figuras significativas juegan un papel clave en el desarrollo psicosocial, contribuyendo, entre otras cosas, para el desarrollo de la autoestima y estrategias de coping. El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la contribución di [...] ferencial de variables relacionales (incluidas las relaciones con los padres, pares y profesores) en la predicción de la autoestima y coping en una muestra de 216 adolescentes, entre 14 y 16 años y de ambos sexos. El apego a los padres, las relaciones con los pares y con profesores revelaron diferentes configuraciones de las variables en la explicación de la autoestima y coping. La autoestima es positivamente predicha por la calidad de lazo emocional y negativamente por la inhibición de la exploración y la individualidad en la vinculación a los padres. El coping activo es positivamente predicho por la autoestima y la relación a los pares. Se observó un efecto positivo e indirecto de la calidad del lazo emocional en el coping activo a través de la autoestima y la relación a los pares. La relación con los pares parece ser mejorada por la calidad de la relación con los profesores. Los resultados serán discutidos en función de la teoría del apego y de acuerdo con una perspectiva ecológica del desarrollo. Abstract in english Consistent with attachment theory, the quality of relationships with significant figures plays a vital role in psychosocial development, contributing, among other aspects, to the development of coping and self-esteem. The purpose of this study is to determine the differential contribution of relatio [...] nal variables (namely relationship with parents, peers and teachers) in predicting coping and self-esteem in a sample of 216 adolescents, 14 to 19 aged, from both genders. Parental attachment, relationships with peers and with teachers evidence different configurations in explaining self-esteem and coping variables. Self-esteem is predicted positively by quality of emotional bond and negatively by parental inhibition of exploration and individuality. Active coping is predicted positively by self-esteem and attachment to peers. However there is an indirect and positive effect of quality of emotional bond in active coping, through self-esteem and peers attachment. Relationship with peers is increased by quality of relationship with teachers. Results are discussed according to attachment theory and an ecological perspective of development.

  2. The school librarian in the process of research work performed by young people

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jože Škorjanc

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The research is based on the analysis of research work carried out by young people, with the special stress on the movement The Young for the Progress of Celje and the research work of the pupils of the Celje-Center High School and upon the analysis of the role of Celje Library and the Library of Celje-Center High School in the system of research activities.The role of librarians in the process of research work will have to be strengthened on the basis of practical experience. This will largely depend upon themselves,teachers - mentors, libraries, schools and, last but not least, upon school and cultural policy. The role of librarians in the frame of school research work should be strengthened because of the following facts: 1. Research work is expanding and concentrating in schools, 2. The number of school librarians and school libraries has grown, as well as their equipment (having a librarian has become a school norm, 3. The development of information structure is remarkable, and 4. New,modern approaches towards research work are gaining importance.

  3. Normative data and psychometric properties of the parent and teacher versions of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ in an Iranian community sample

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Shahrivar

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available

    • BACKGROUND: Strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ is a widely used instrument for screening mental problems in children and adolescents. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and psychometric properties of this questionnaire in comparison with the children behavior checklist (CBCL and psychiatric interview.
    • METHODS: The study was done in two stages. At stage one, 600 children aged between 6 and 12 were evaluated using the parent and teacher versions of SDQ and CBCL. At stage two, 25 children with the scores above the cut point reported by the developer of SDQ and 27 children with the score below this point were selected to be interviewed by a child and adolescent psychiatrist according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition (DSM-IV classification and by another clinician using the K-SADS-PL (Schedule or Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children- Present and Lifetime Version as a semi structured interview.
    • RESULTS: The mean scores of SDQ subscales found in this study were comparable to what found in other studies in other countries. The cut-off points of SDQ were almost similar to that of other researches. The internal consistency and concurrent validity of this questionnaire was good.
    • CONCLUSIONS: The current study showed that both parent and teacher versions of SDQ in Persian language can be used as a valid tool in screening the mental problems in children and adolescents.
    • KEYWORDS: SDQ, CBCL, mental problems, children, K-SADS.

  4. Participatory Pedagogy for Empowerment: A Critical Discourse Analysis of Teacher-Parents' Interactions in a Family Literacy Course in London

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha-Schmid, Elaine

    2010-01-01

    This paper revisits and discusses some of Paulo Freire's theoretical tenets for participatory education suggested as part of a critical approach to the education of adults. Through data collected during a family literacy programme, the author analyses her discursive interactions as an adult education tutor with parents as learners. These discourse…

  5. An Analysis of Cultural Diversity and Recurring Themes in Preservice Teachers' Online Discussions of Epstein's Six Types of Parent Involvement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nathans, Laura; Revelle, Carol

    2013-01-01

    This study used a qualitative, grounded theoretical framework to examine integration of Joyce Epstein's six typologies of family involvement in responses to discussion questions for an online parent involvement course. Fifty-two undergraduate students' responses were axially coded. Overarching themes were then determined with the constant…

  6. From Teachers to Testers: How Parents Talk to Novice and Expert Children in a Natural History Museum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmquist, Sasha; Crowley, Kevin

    2007-01-01

    Informed by literature on childhood expertise in high-interest topics and parent-child conversation in museum settings, this study explored how children's level of dinosaur expertise influences family learning opportunities in a natural history museum. Interviews identified children with high and low dinosaur knowledge and assigned them to expert…

  7. Role of Librarians in the New Millennium of Information Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.S. Murthy

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available This article highlights the librarians' connotations of information Technology (IT, IT developments in libraries, and areas of IT as relevant to libraries. It also discusses the future IT use and role of librarians in future.

  8. Middle school girls' STEM education: Using teacher influences, parent encouragement, peer influences, and self efficacy to predict confidence and interest in math and science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabenberg, Tabetha A.

    Reports are clear that there is an underrepresentation of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) careers. With the current and predicted future shortage of STEM workforce, it is more important than ever to encourage young women to enter these important fields of study. Using Bronfenbrenner's Bioecological Model, possible predictors of middle school girls' confidence and interest in math and science where explored. The factors in this study included the macrosystems of age and race/ethnicity and the microsystems of self-efficacy, teacher influences, parent encouragement, and peer influences. Sequential regression analysis results revealed that self-efficacy was a significant predictor for confidence in math and science. While, math/science teacher influences and peer influences were significant predictors of interest and confidence in both math and science. Sequential regression analysis also indicated age was a significant predictor of math interest. The results of this study provides information on the systemic connections among the variables and suggestions on how to impact middle school girls' STEM development, thus impacting the future STEM workforce.

  9. XML for catalogers and metadata librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Cole, Timothy W

    2013-01-01

    How are today's librarians to manage and describe the everexpanding volumes of resources, in both digital and print formats? The use of XML in cataloging and metadata workflows can improve metadata quality, the consistency of cataloging workflows, and adherence to standards. This book is intended to enable current and future catalogers and metadata librarians to progress beyond a bare surfacelevel acquaintance with XML, thereby enabling them to integrate XML technologies more fully into their cataloging workflows. Building on the wealth of work on library descriptive practices, cataloging, and metadata, XML for Catalogers and Metadata Librarians explores the use of XML to serialize, process, share, and manage library catalog and metadata records. The authors' expert treatment of the topic is written to be accessible to those with little or no prior practical knowledge of or experience with how XML is used. Readers will gain an educated appreciation of the nuances of XML and grasp the benefit of more advanced ...

  10. Copyright for librarians the essential handbook

    CERN Document Server

    Berkman Center for Internet and Society

    2012-01-01

    "Copyright for Librarians" (CFL) is an online open curriculum on copyright law that was developed jointly with Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet and Society. Re-designed as a brand new textbook, "Copyright for Librarians: the essential handbook" can be used as a stand-alone resource or as an adjunct to the online version which contains additional links and references for students who wish to pursue any topic in greater depth. Delve into copyright theory or explore enforcement. With a new index and a handy Glossary, the Handbook is essential reading for librarians who want to hone their skills in 2013, and for anyone learning about or teaching copyright law in the information field.

  11. Analysis of Parent, Teacher, and Consultant Speech Exchanges and Educational Outcomes of Students With Autism During COMPASS Consultation

    OpenAIRE

    Ruble, Lisa; BIRDWHISTELL, JESSIE; TOLAND, MICHAEL D.; MCGREW, JOHN H.

    2011-01-01

    The significant increase in the numbers of students with autism combined with the need for better trained teachers (National Research Council, 2001) call for research on the effectiveness of alternative methods, such as consultation, that have the potential to improve service delivery. Data from 2 randomized controlled single-blind trials indicate that an autism-specific consultation planning framework known as the collaborative model for promoting competence and success (COMPASS) is effectiv...

  12. Wisconsin Certification Manual for Public Librarians. Bulletin No. 7075.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wisconsin State Dept. of Public Instruction, Madison. Div. of Library Services.

    Designed to be used as a guide for public librarians and boards of trustees in meeting the requirements of Wisconsin's public librarian certification law, this manual is divided into two major sections covering public librarian certification and certification renewal/continuing education requirements. The first section includes discussions of…

  13. Academic Librarians, Professional Literature, and New Technologies: A Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hardesty, Skye; Sugarman, Tammy

    2007-01-01

    Keeping abreast of professional literature and the latest trends is critical for academic librarians to be successful, but in a time of information glut, are librarians achieving this? Over seven hundred academic librarians responded to this survey and inform us about their use of both traditional methods and new technologies to stay current.

  14. Awareness and Practice of Professional Ethics amongst Librarians in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igbeka, J. U.; Okoroma, F. N.

    2013-01-01

    This study is focused on the awareness and practicability of Librarianship ethics amongst librarians. Survey questionnaire was designed to identify the degree of awareness of librarianship ethics amongst librarians in Nigeria, whether the ethics are feasible and being utilized by librarians in their day to day library management, and to find out…

  15. Librarians, Libraries, and the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Otto, Peter

    2014-01-01

    Librarians are continually teaching students and faculty how to identify and access learning resources. They teach during individual reference consultations, through presentations to classes, and through library website content they create. Are librarians well prepared to design and deliver well-crafted instruction? Academic librarians have…

  16. Promoting Racial and Ethnic Diversity among Canadian Academic Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kandiuk, Mary

    2014-01-01

    This study examines racial and ethnic diversity among Canadian academic librarians and discusses the findings of a nationwide survey. The survey posed questions related to equity plans and programs as well as recruitment practices for academic librarians from equity-seeking groups with a focus on Aboriginal and visible/racial minority librarians.…

  17. The Role of Librarians in Academic Success

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia J. Dold

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Librarians address all levels of information needs for the university: its acquisition, its production, its storage, and instruction for its safe and gainful use. Most of today's college students have a high degree of computer literacy but are weak in their abilities to determine the quality of the information that is so readily available. Students need to be taught to find, evaluate, and use information in an academically-oriented manner in order to solve complex problems. Good library skills are integral to academic success. In conjunction with research and teaching faculty, librarians create a framework for knowledge acquisition in the evolving university education.

  18. Efeito pai professor: o impacto da profissão docente na vida escolar dos filhos / Teacher parent effect: the impact of having a teacher parent on children's school life / Efecto padre profesor: el impacto de la profésion docente en la vida escolar de sus hijos

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marlice de Oliveira e, Nogueira.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende divulgar os resultados de uma pesquisa de doutorado recentemente finalizada que investigou as práticas educativas de famílias em que pelo menos um dos progenitores exercia a profissão de professor. A pesquisa buscou identificar, analisar e discutir as múltiplas práticas educativ [...] as e estratégias de escolarização que pais professores desenvolvem no quadro da vida escolar de seus filhos. Os resultados obtidos mostram que, de um modo geral, os pais professores se mobilizam intensamente para favorecer a escolarização dos filhos, mas que essa mobilização não se dá de modo homogêneo para as diferentes famílias. A origem social, as condições objetivas de existência, a rede de ensino de atuação profissional, as experiências docentes e os modos de configuração das dinâmicas familiares modulam as práticas educativas dos pais professores e impactam a relação que eles estabelecem com a vida escolar dos filhos. Abstract in spanish Este trabajo pretende divulgar los resultados de una investigación doctoral recientemente concluida, fundamentada en las prácticas educativas de las familias en las que, al menos, uno de los padres ejercía la profesión docente. La investigación buscó identificar, analizar y discutir las muchas práct [...] icas y estrategias educativas que los padres que ejercen la docencia desarrollan dentro de la vida escolar de sus hijos. Los resultados obtenidos en esta investigación muestran que, de manera general, los padres que ejercen la docencia están más intensamente movilizados para apoyar la enseñanza de sus hijos, pero que esa movilización no se produce homogéneamente entre las distintas familias. El origen social, las condiciones objetivas de existencia, el sistema escolar de desempeño profesional, las experiencias de enseñanza y las diferentes configuraciones de la dinámica familiar afectan a las prácticas educativas de los padres profesores e influyen en las relaciones que establecen con la vida escolar de sus hijos. Abstract in english This paper aims to disseminate the results of a recently completed doctoral research that investigated the educational practices of families in which at least one parent is a teacher. The research sought to identify, analyze and discuss the multiple educational practices and strategies that teacher [...] parents develop as part of the school life of their children. The results obtained show that, in general, parents who are teachers work more intensely on promoting their children's education, but that such work varies from family to family. Social origins, objective living standards, school systems, teaching experience and the different configurations of family dynamics shape the educational practices of such parents and impact on the relationship they establish with their children's school life.

  19. ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? THE PROBLEM OF INFORMATION LITERACY INCREASING OF LIBRARIANS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ?.?. ???????

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ??’???? ? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ?? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????. ???????? ??????? “???????????? ???????????” ?? "????????? ????????????? ???????????". ????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ????????????. ?????????????? ???? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ???????. ? ?????? ???? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?????????????, ?? ???????????? ? ?????? ????????< The article is devoted the problem of increase of information literacy of library workers in connection with active development of information technologies and introduction of electronic libraries. There are explained “information literacy” and "standards of information literacy" concepts, noted requirements for the modern librarian. There is analyzed the state of activity to in-plant training librarians in Ukraine. In the article are selected general educational resources for the increase of information literacy of librarians, which are offered in the Internet. There is offered the special course of “Basis of librarian information literacy”. This course satisfies modern requirements to the librarian

  20. Marketing mix for librarians and information professionals

    OpenAIRE

    Mimutie Moikan Mollel

    2013-01-01

    This paper covers the explanation of marketing mix for librarians and information professionals and the nature of the elements of the marketing mix. It discusses the traditional issues arising from the marketing mix and issues which are more appropriate for libraries and information services.

  1. Marketing mix for librarians and information professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimutie Moikan Mollel

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper covers the explanation of marketing mix for librarians and information professionals and the nature of the elements of the marketing mix. It discusses the traditional issues arising from the marketing mix and issues which are more appropriate for libraries and information services.

  2. Publishers & Librarians: Two Cultures, One Goal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fister, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    For two professions so committed to meeting the needs of readers, publishers and librarians have distinct cultures. Put simply, one culture is all about developing and selling books; the other is about sharing them and fostering a culture of reading. But there is another basic difference, too. Publishers work closely with authors and use sales…

  3. The Online School Librarian: Roles and Responsibilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beck, Dennis

    2015-01-01

    Children across the United States of America are maturing in a media-saturated society. Unfortunately, this often results in poor content choices and evaluative skills. North American schools have attempted to address this problem through information literacy skills. One role key to teaching these skills is the role of the school librarian.…

  4. Distance Learning Librarians: Their Shared Vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casey, Anne Marie

    2009-01-01

    Shared vision is a component of leadership that fosters innovation through buy-in at all levels of the organization. At times, people see a need for innovation but do not have the power to make changes on their own. Many librarians in academic institutions that were early adopters of distance learning envisioned a need for new services that were…

  5. Effective Collection Developers: Librarians or Faculty?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidor, David L.; Futas, Elizabeth

    1988-01-01

    A study at the Emory University School of Business Administration library compared the effectiveness of faculty members and librarians as book selectors. Effectiveness was measured by comparing selected titles with the Baker list published by the Harvard Business School and with business periodical reviews, and by examining circulation records.…

  6. Exploring Some New Search Tools for Librarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balas, Janet L.

    1999-01-01

    Reviews Web-search tools available to librarians. Discusses the Clever project, (part of the Computer Science Principles and Methodologies Department at the IBM Almaden Research Center, Silicon Valley, California), an algorithm that finds authoritative sources on the Web; Google technology, based on links between Web pages; Ask Jeeves, a…

  7. A Question of Degrees for Academic Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyss, Paul Alan

    2008-01-01

    Certain colleges and universities require that their academic librarians have an additional advanced subject degree for either being eligible for hire or for continued employment. This paper reviews this topic and examines how using metaphors may help the field of librarianship make sound decisions on this controversial topic.

  8. How One School Librarian Became an Author

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerby, Mona

    2010-01-01

    Back when the author was the school librarian at Little Elementary School in Arlington, Texas, she started writing and publishing books for children. She had completed her master's and PhD in Library Science from Texas Woman's University while working full time, and when she finally finished, she had such well-honed time management skills that she…

  9. Faculty-Librarian Cooperation: A Personal Retrospective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farber, Evan

    1999-01-01

    Surveys the past 25-30 years in library instruction, particularly cooperation and collaboration between librarians and faculty. Discusses Louis Shore's Library College Movement which envisioned all courses being taught in the library by subject matter experts; the Monteith College experiment; course-related instruction; experiences at Earlham…

  10. Information Ethics for Librarians and Librarianship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murgai, Sarla

    This paper focuses on ethics for librarians and library science in the age of electronic information. First outlined is the "public relations nightmare" that the Internet is creating for the administrators and the library staff. It is suggested that libraries pick a common sense approach that involves the library staff and community and that an…

  11. The Evening Reference in Academic Libraries and Night-shift Librarians' Attitudes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shiao-Feng Su

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The study investigates current evening reference practices of all university libraries in Taiwan through a nationwide questionnaire survey and in-depth face-to-face interviews, It examines night-shift academic reference librarians' attitudes towards evening reference staffing models and reward systems, and their perceptions of the impact of evening work on the individual's family/parental relationship, physical and mental health status, and learning plan. It further explores the perceived need and feasibility of using collaborative live virtual reference to supplant in-person evening reference from the librarian's perspectives. The study also identified possible barriers that could hinder the success of such collaboration without supportive changes from the administration and management

  12. Invented Spelling: Guidelines for Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kolodziej, Nancy J.; Columba, Lynn

    2005-01-01

    Teachers are often confronted with parents' concern of their children's use of invented spelling. Research has found that if educators inform parents of the positive benefits associated with invented spelling, their attitudes towards its use will become more favorable. Consequently, these favorable attitudes will encourage parents to be more…

  13. Parental Involvement: Who Wants It?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crozier, Gill

    1999-01-01

    Considers who wants parental involvement in schools by exploring the viewpoints of teachers, parents, and students within the secondary school context. Discusses English and Welsh policy on Home-School Agreements. Demonstrates that parental involvement is complex and diverse, but the Home-School Agreement policy is based on a narrow concept of…

  14. The Library School of the Province of Buenos Aires and the professionalization of the librarian (1948-1950

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Coria

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the origins of teaching librarianship in the city of La Plata, taking as the central axis the creation the School of Library by the Library Department of the Province of Buenos Aires. The main characteristics of educational library institutions in the province until 1950 are described, according to interpret the background that led to the formation of this school. Then, the political and social situation is presented in the context of the first Peronista government of Buenos Aires. Finally, the contents in the curricula of the careers are addressed with the aim of describe the professional librarian ideal achieved according to the provincial government's cultural policies. It is concluded that through this educational institution tries to form a professional librarian with multiple skills related to library, a cultural agent capable of guiding readers towards national books edition yet is also assigned a teacher role, closely with the teacher and students at all levels of training.

  15. Librarians in Uproar Over New Action Figure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grinnell, Max

    2003-01-01

    Over the past few decades, librarians have fought an uphill battle to change the public's perceptions of the vocation as one that is characterized by individuals who patrol the library telling patrons to be quiet or peering over a pair of bifocals from behind a reference desk. A new action figure developed by the Archie McPhee Toy company in Seattle plays on some of these popular stereotypes and features a bespectacled woman in a cardigan, long plain skirt, and sensible shoes, who moves her index finger to her lips with "amazing push-button shushing action." The model for the actual doll is Nancy Pearl, a real-life librarian in Seattle, who is the executive director of Seattle Public Library's Washington Center for the Book. Some are not so happy with the doll (which will be released in October), and Pearl has been deluged by emails and phone calls, including one unsigned email that accused Pearl of setting the profession back 30 years. Pearl does not regret posing for the doll, remarking that "It's a lovely idea and a lovely tribute to my chosen profession."The first link leads to a recent news article from the Seattle Post-Intelligencer about the various reactions to the upcoming librarian action figure doll. The second link, provided by the Seattle Times, talks at length about Helen Pearl and her many accolades, including the 2003 Washington Humanities Award. The third link will take visitors to an audio news story from NPR's All Things Considered where Melissa Block interviews Pearl. The fourth link leads to an opinion piece from the Purdue Exponent (authored by Matt Poston) that celebrates the new librarian action figure as a "long-overdue tribute" to librarians. The fifth link leads to the page from the Archie McPhee company where visitors can learn more about the upcoming librarian action figure. The final link leads to the Washington Center for the Book homepage, which contains information about the Center's activities, including the very popular (and often-imitated) If All of Seattle Read the Same Book program, designed to foster dialogue and discussion about a single book.

  16. How to assess and compare inter-rater reliability, agreement and correlation of ratings: an exemplary analysis of mother-father and parent-teacher expressive vocabulary rating pairs

    OpenAIRE

    MargaritaStolarova; TanjaRinker

    2014-01-01

    This report has two main purposes. First, we combine well-known analytical approaches to conduct a comprehensive assessment of agreement and correlation of rating-pairs and to dis-entangle these often confused concepts, providing a best-practice example on concrete data and a tutorial for future reference. Second, we explore whether a screening questionnaire deve-loped for use with parents can be reliably employed with daycare teachers when assessing early expressive vocabulary. A total of 53...

  17. Evaluate Teaching--Not Teachers!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Dennis L.; Peinert, William F.

    1987-01-01

    In North Olmsted City Schools, Ohio, teacher evaluation is a continuous, cooperative, constructive process involving both the evaluator and the teachers. One set of performance variables evaluated relates to professional climate: (1) classroom management; (2) pupil-teacher relationships; (3) pupil-pupil relationships; (4) teacher-parent

  18. The Librarian-As-Insider-Ethnographer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessie Lymn

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article considers preliminary findings from ethnographic fieldwork undertaken in Australia and Canada in do-it-yourself (DIY libraries and archives. These spaces are usually run on small or no budgets, often in squatted or donated spaces, with no paid staff. They are motivated by a DIY ethos, and often have a connection to so-called “underground” communities. In this article the author responds to Chris Atton’s model of librarian-as-ethnographer, which argues that information workers can draw on ethnographic methods to build cultural maps of grassroots and DIY communities. The author proposes that there are information professionals already in these communities, and their roles in both professional and DIY libraries enhances the librarian-as-ethnographer model by providing an insider perspective that may mediate tensions between the two collection spaces. The author draws on her fieldwork in zine libraries, infoshops, and social centers as example.

  19. The librarian's life, scholarship and librarianship.

    OpenAIRE

    Kronick, D. A.

    1980-01-01

    Librarians must be more than custodians of the record or merely managers of information services if they are to understand their role and to participate in the life of scholarship. There are many approaches to this understanding including the historical, the social, the psychological and the epistemological. It can also be sought through a study of the sociology of knowledge and a study of the ways in which changes in communication technology in writing and printing have impacted on scholarsh...

  20. Documentalist and librarian education in Catalonia

    OpenAIRE

    Bosch i Pou, Mercè

    1993-01-01

    From its foundation in 1915, the Escola Universitaria de Biblioteconomia i Documentació (University School of Librarianship and Documentation) in Barcelona has been playing an important role in the training of professionals responsible for libraries. This paper describes the history, the situation in our days, and the trends for the future of the professional training of the librarians in Catalonia, with references to the rest of Spain.

  1. European Group of Astronomical Librarians (EGAL)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fishburn, A.

    1990-06-01

    In July 1988 IAU Colloquium 11 0, entitled "Library and lnformation Services in Astronomy" was held in Washington D. C. This was attended by 120 people from 26 different countries, including several European librarians, most of whom met each other for the first time. Inspired by the stimulating talks and discussions, and the desire to transmit the "spirit of Washington" to other colleagues who were not able to attend, the idea of EGAL was born during the closing stages of the meeting.

  2. Digital library : transformation of academic librarian roles

    OpenAIRE

    Geraghty, Aoife

    2011-01-01

    Higher education literature abounds with dark forebodings regarding the impact of the Digital Library on the traditional academic library. In a vein that will be familiar to most of us, the ‘Academic Library Autopsy Report 2050’ from the Chronicle of Higher Education argues that librarians are becoming victims of their own success, innovating themselves into irrelevance (Sullivan 2011). But as Bess Sandler of Stanford University Library comments, Mr Sullivan seems to have mistaken transformat...

  3. Clinical medical librarian: the last unicorn?

    OpenAIRE

    Demas, J. M.; Ludwig, L. T.

    1991-01-01

    In the information age of the 1990s, the clinical medical librarian (CML) concept, like many other personalized library services, is often criticized as being too labor-intensive and expensive; others praise its advantages. To determine the attitudes of medical school library directors and clinical department heads toward implementation and feasibility of a CML program, forty randomly selected medical schools were surveyed. A double-blind procedure was used to sample department heads in inter...

  4. Embedded librarianship what every academic librarian should know

    CERN Document Server

    Russo, Michael F

    2013-01-01

    Is the embedded librarian an equal partner in the course, or is the librarian perceived as a "value-added" extra? What is the place of technology in this effort? Is there a line librarians should not cross? Taking into account both theory and practice to discuss multiple facets of the subject, Embedded Librarianship: What Every Academic Librarian Should Know thoroughly examines these questions and more from the perspectives of experienced embedded librarian contributors who have worked in higher education settings. The chapters illuminate the benefits and challenges of embedding, explain the planning required to set up an embedded course, identify the different forms of embedding, and consider information literacy instruction in various contexts. Readers who will benefit from this work include not only academic librarians but any professor who wants their students to be able to do better research in their fields.

  5. O bibliotecário nas escolas: uma necessidade The librarian at schools: a necessity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Fioravante Garcez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available [Portuguese]Aborda aspectos quanto à importância da biblioteca e do profissional bibliotecário no contexto escolar. Discorre sobre o trabalho colaborativo do corpo docente para a inclusão da biblioteca em suas práticas pedagógicas. Por meio de dados oficiais, comprova os poucos investimentos na biblioteca escolar e o quanto estas carecem de profissionais bibliotecários. Relaciona o baixo desempenho dos estudantes à falta de instrumentos que favoreçam a leitura e a pesquisa na escola. Alerta que o Poder Executivo Estadual deve tratar com urgência a criação do Cargo de Bibliotecário vinculado à Secretaria de Estado da Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia de Santa Catarina.[English]Approaches the importance of libraries and the librarians to be pertaining to school context. It discourses about the collaborative work on teachers to include the library in pedagogical practical. Through official data proves the few investments in the school library and how librarians might be include in this environment. It relates the children poor performances to the deficiency of instruments to reading and research on the school. It argues so that the State Executive duty with urgency is to creation a librarian position on the Santa Catarina State Education Secretary, Science and Technology.

  6. Estilos de liderança de professores: aplicando o modelo de estilos parentais / Teachers' leadership styles: applying the parental styles' model / Estilos de liderazgo de maestros: aplicando el modelo de estilos parentales

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana Priscila, Batista; Lidia Natalia Dobrianskyj, Weber.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Professores orientam os comportamentos das crianças estabelecendo diferentes climas emocionais no uso das estratégias educativas em sala de aula. Esse trabalho busca delinear uma análise dos estilos de liderança de professores aplicando o modelo de estilos parentais. Inicialmente, foi feita uma anál [...] ise de literatura realizando uma busca nas bases de dados: Scielo, Science Direct e Scopus, utilizando os descritores: teachers' leadership styles, teachers' teaching styles e school leadership. Com essa busca constatou-se que existem diversas definições, formas de análise e variáveis estudadas, conforme a teoria adotada. Posteriormente, foi realizada a análise da relação professor-aluno aplicando o modelo de estilos parentais, que apresenta uma análise do sistema das relações a partir de duas dimensões: responsividade e exigência. Assim, foram categorizados quatro estilos de liderança: autoritário, permissivo, negligente e participativo. Conclui-se que o modelo de estilo parental fornece uma boa base teórica para pautar a análise dos estilos de liderança de professores. Abstract in spanish En lo que a comportamiento se refiere los maestros orientan a los niños estableciendo diferentes climas emocionales según el uso de estrategias educativas en aula. Este trabajo busca perfilar un análisis de los estilos de liderazgo de maestros por medio de la aplicación del modelo de estilos parenta [...] les. Inicialmente se hizo un análisis de literatura a partir de una búsqueda en las bases de datos Scielo, Science Direct . Scopus, utilizando las palabras clave teacher's leadership styles. teacher's teaching styles e school leadership. Los resultados permitieron constatar que existen diversas definiciones, métodos de análisis y variables estudiadas, de acuerdo con la teoría adoptada. Posteriormente se realizó el análisis de la relación profesor-alumno aplicando el modelo de estilos parentales que presenta un análisis de sistema de relaciones a partir de dos dimensiones: capacidad de respuesta y exigencia. Se categorizaron cuatro estilos de liderazgo: autoritario, permisivo, negligente y participativo. Se concluye que el modelo de estilo parental constituye buena base teórica para orientar el análisis de los estilos de liderazgo de maestros. Abstract in english Teachers guide children's behavior by establishing different emotional climates in the use of educational strategies in the classroom. This paper seeks to outline an analysis of leadership styles of teachers applying the model of parenting styles. Initially, an analysis of literature by performing a [...] search in the databases: Scielo, Science Direct and Scopus using the key words: teachers' leadership styles, teachers' teaching styles and school leadership. With this search we found that there are several definitions, methods of analysis and variables, as the espoused theory. Subsequently, we performed the analysis of teacher-student relationship by applying the model of parenting styles, which presents an analysis of the system of relationships from two dimensions: responsiveness and demandingness. So were categorized four leadership styles: authoritarian, permissive, neglectful, and authoritative. We conclude that the model of parenting style provides a good theoretical basis to guide the analysis of teachers' leadership styles.

  7. Librarians’ Use of NLA Online Forum for Collaborative Activities

    OpenAIRE

    Uloma Doris Onuoha; Ezinwanyi Madukoma; Chinyere Ikonne

    2012-01-01

    This study assessed the use of Nigerian Library Association (NLA) online forum for collaborative activities among Librarians in Nigeria. The main objective of the study was to examine the use of NLA online forum for collaborative activities among librarians in Nigeria. The study population was made up of 1074 registered librarians on NLA online forum. Purposive sampling technique was used in selecting 143 members of the forum as respondents in the study. A self constructed questionna...

  8. Preservice Teachers' Knowledge of Information Literacy and Their Perceptions of the School Library Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Elizabeth A.; Reed, Brenda; Laverty, Corinne

    2012-01-01

    Graduating preservice teachers were surveyed regarding their knowledge of information literacy concepts, the pedagogy of information literacy, and the role of the teacher librarian and school library programs. The preservice teachers felt poorly prepared to teach information literacy to pupils, had a limited array of information skills, and held a…

  9. E-book usage amongst academic librarians in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Sandy Zinn; Natasha Langdown

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study completed in 2010 was to investigate the use of e-books amongst academic librarians; in particular which e-books are available to academic librarians, why they choose this format, what impact e-books have on librarians’ professional practice and what the usage patterns of e-books are amongst academic librarians. A web-based questionnaire was distributed on the LIASA mailing list. The results reflect a more gradual trend towards e-book adoption. There is still a pre...

  10. Public librarians as a resource for promoting health: results from the Health for Everyone in Libraries Project (HELP) librarian survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linnan, Laura A; Wildemuth, Barbara M; Gollop, Claudia; Hull, Peggy; Silbajoris, Christie; Monnig, Ruth

    2004-04-01

    Public libraries are located in all communities, and two thirds of adults visit one each year. Libraries give the public access to computers and the Internet, and librarians offer technical assistance for accessing information. The interests and training needs of public librarians for assisting the public in accessing health information have not been addressed. One public library/librarian in each North Carolina county was randomly selected to complete a written questionnaire to assess health-related information services and librarians' skills for providing these services. 84% of librarians (83/99) completed the questionnaire. Results indicate that librarians answer more than 10 health-related questions per week, feel moderately comfortable answering these questions, and are very interested in receiving additional training for addressing health-related questions. Creating public library/public health partnerships holds much promise for enhancing the ability of community members to access desired health information. PMID:15090172

  11. Students in Nova Scotia Schools Without Teacher-Librarians are not Achieving Department of Education Expectations for Information Literacy Skills. A review of: Gunn, Holly, and Gary Hepburn. “Seeking Information for School Purposes on the Internet.” Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology 29.1 (Winter 2003: 67?88. 24 May 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayle Bogel

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – This study investigated whether the expectations for Internet searching strategies outlined in provincial curriculumg oals are being met in Nova Scotia Schools. Twelfth-grade students in representative schools were surveyed as to their Internet information seeking strategies and their perceptions of the effectiveness of those strategies. The results are presented as six themes based on the survey questions.Design – Survey questionnaire consisting of yes/no, multiple-choice, Likert style, and open?ended responses.Setting – Twelfth?grade students from four high schools in one district in Nova Scotia. Total participants: 198.Subjects – Questionnaires were analyzed from 243 general practitioners, practice nurses, and practice managers in four Nottingham primary care trusts as well as practices in the Rotherham Health Authority area.Methods – Four research questions guided this study: 1. What strategies and techniques do students use that are helpful for information?seeking on the Internet? 2. What knowledge do students have of the different World Wide Web search engines? 3. How do students perceive their ability to locate information for school purposes on the Internet? 4. How do students learn how to seek information on the Internet for school related assignments? The survey was developed through a literature review of previous research. Each survey item reflected a theme and one of the four research questions. The survey was field tested in a pilot study with two twelfth?grade students, and two twelfth grade English classes.The sample was assembled by asking principals at the four schools to identify two classes in each of their schools that represented mixed academic abilities. Three schools chose English classes, and one school chose math classes participate in the study. All students had agreed to be a part of the study and only students present in class on the day the questionnaire was given were represented. No effort was made to include students who were absent. Results were tabulated as percentages of responses, and presented in tables related to the themes of the four research questions.Main results – Throughout the study, students reported very few strategies for effective Internet searching. They cited friends and family members rather than teachers as their main sources for support, and reported self?taught trial and error as the most common method of learning search strategies. Despite their lack of effectiveness, most students considered themselves “good” or “very good” at finding the information they need for school purposes. Most of the students used very few of the strategies associated with effective searching that have been stated in prior research studies.• Research Question One: Use of Strategies and Techniques for Information?Seeking on the Internet Only 15% of students used Boolean operators regularly. Over 70% of students did not know how to eliminate commercial sites, use particular features, limit searches to recently updatedp ages or limit searches to the title section of a Web page.• Research Question Two: Knowledge of World Wide Web Search Engines. Google was the overwhelming choice, with 66.7% percent of students reporting that they used it regularly. Other search engines were used from 0 to 22%.• Research Question Three: Students’ Perception of Their Information?Seeking Ability on the Internet 81.3 % of students reported their abilities as good or very good. Only 5% felt their abilities were poor.• Research Question Four: How Students Learn What They Know About Information?Seeking on the Internet 72.7% reported self?teaching strategies. 39.8% relied on friends or classmates, 36.8 % relied on teachers. 2.5% reported librarians as a source Of the students who reported self?teaching,53% used trial and error, 6.6% used help screens and 4% searched for assistance. 80.8% of students who reported teachers as a source for learning information strategie swere taught in computer?related classes, rather than in content ar

  12. Concordância entre relato de pais e professores para sintomas de TDAH: resultados de uma amostra clínica brasileira Agreement rates between parents' and teachers' reports on ADHD symptomatology: findings from a Brazilian clinical sample

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Coutinho

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO: O diagnóstico de TDAH em crianças e adolescentes, segundo os critérios do DSM-IV, requer que os sintomas estejam presentes em, ao menos, dois ambientes distintos (principalmente escola e casa. Apesar da importância do relato de pais e professores, esse tema tem sido pouco investigado no Brasil. OBJETIVO: Investigar a concordância entre os relatos de pais e professores de uma amostra clínica de crianças e adolescentes com diagnóstico de TDAH. MÉTODOS: A amostra era composta por 44 crianças e adolescentes com idades variando entre 6 e 16 anos (40 meninos e 4 meninas, com diagnóstico clínico de TDAH. Foram comparadas as respostas de pais e professores no questionário SNAP-IV, visando a calcular taxas de concordância entre diferentes fontes de informação para sintomas de TDAH. RESULTADOS: Concordância para o diagnóstico de TDAH ocorreu em aproximadamente metade dos casos; pais relataram mais sintomas de TDAH que professores. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados aqui apresentados podem mostrar que informações acerca da sintomatologia de TDAH não são bem divulgadas para professores brasileiros, indicando a necessidade de se investir em sessões educacionais sobre o transtorno, tendo em vista a importância do relato de profissionais de educação para o diagnóstico de TDAH.BACKGROUND: ADHD diagnosis in children and adolescents according to DSM-IV criteria demands symptoms to be present in at least two different settings (mainly school and home. Despite the importance in obtaining parents' and teachers' reports, this issue is seldom investigated in Brazil. OBJECTIVE: We set to evaluate agreement rates between parents' and teachers' reports from a Brazilian clinical sample of children and adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: The sample comprised 44 children and adolescents with age range between 6 and 16 years old (boys: 40; girls: 4 with a clinical diagnosis of ADHD. We compared parents' and teachers' responses in SNAP-IV questionnaire in order to calculate agreement rates among different information sources on ADHD symptomatology. RESULTS: Agreement for ADHD diagnosis occurred in nearly half of the sample, with parents' reporting more ADHD symptomatology than teachers. CONCLUSION: Our findings might suggest that recognition of ADHD symptomatology is less clear-cut among school teachers in Brazil, indicating that some educational sessions about this condition should be conducted in schools, taking into consideration the importance of education professionals' reports to diagnose ADHD.

  13. Alianza Familia-Escuela: Percepciones, Creencias, Expectativas y Aspiraciones de Padres y Profesores de Enseñanza General Básica / Family-School Alliance: Perceptions, Beliefs, Expectatives and Aspirations of Parents and Teachers in Primary School

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maritza, Rivera; Neva, Milicic.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Se refieren los resultados de un estudio cualitativo realizado en Santiago, cuyo propósito fue describir y comprender las percepciones, creencias, expectativas y aspiraciones de padres y profesores sobre la relación familia - escuela. El diseño metodológico se adscribió a los principios del paradigm [...] a interpretativo, según los principios de la Grounded Theory. Las técnicas de recolección fueron entrevistas semi-estructuradas y grupos focales a madres y profesores, constituyendo una muestra total de 48 sujetos. El estudio aporta información descriptiva y comprensiva sobre consensos y disensos de ambos respecto del sistema relacional familia-escuela, roles, normas, comunicación, conflictos, participación, alianza y educación. Finalmente emerge un modelo del sistema relacional familia - escuela, incluyendo barreras, facilitadores y parámetros que posibilitarían una alianza efectiva. Abstract in english Findings from a qualitative study made in Santiago, whose purpose was to describe and understand the parents and teachers perceptions, beliefs, expectatives, and aspirations about the family-school relationship. The methodological design adhered to the principles of the interpretative paradigm, acco [...] rding to the principles of the Grounded Theory. The gathering techniques were semi-organized interviews and focal groups to mothers and teachers, completing a total sample of 48 persons. This research contributes with descriptive and comprehensive information about consensus and disagreements of parents and teachers with regard to the family-school relational system, roles, rules, communication, conflicts, participation, alliance and education. Finally a model of the family-school relational system emerges, including barriers, helpers, and parameters that would make possible an effective alliance.

  14. Alianza Familia-Escuela: Percepciones, Creencias, Expectativas y Aspiraciones de Padres y Profesores de Enseñanza General Básica Family-School Alliance: Perceptions, Beliefs, Expectatives and Aspirations of Parents and Teachers in Primary School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maritza Rivera

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Se refieren los resultados de un estudio cualitativo realizado en Santiago, cuyo propósito fue describir y comprender las percepciones, creencias, expectativas y aspiraciones de padres y profesores sobre la relación familia - escuela. El diseño metodológico se adscribió a los principios del paradigma interpretativo, según los principios de la Grounded Theory. Las técnicas de recolección fueron entrevistas semi-estructuradas y grupos focales a madres y profesores, constituyendo una muestra total de 48 sujetos. El estudio aporta información descriptiva y comprensiva sobre consensos y disensos de ambos respecto del sistema relacional familia-escuela, roles, normas, comunicación, conflictos, participación, alianza y educación. Finalmente emerge un modelo del sistema relacional familia - escuela, incluyendo barreras, facilitadores y parámetros que posibilitarían una alianza efectiva.Findings from a qualitative study made in Santiago, whose purpose was to describe and understand the parents and teachers perceptions, beliefs, expectatives, and aspirations about the family-school relationship. The methodological design adhered to the principles of the interpretative paradigm, according to the principles of the Grounded Theory. The gathering techniques were semi-organized interviews and focal groups to mothers and teachers, completing a total sample of 48 persons. This research contributes with descriptive and comprehensive information about consensus and disagreements of parents and teachers with regard to the family-school relational system, roles, rules, communication, conflicts, participation, alliance and education. Finally a model of the family-school relational system emerges, including barriers, helpers, and parameters that would make possible an effective alliance.

  15. CSI(L Carleton: Forensic Librarians and Reflective Practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iris Jastram

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In the Library with the Lead Pipe is pleased to welcome guest authors Iris Jastram, Danya Leebaw, and Heather Tompkins.  They are reference and instruction librarians at Carleton College, a small liberal arts college in Minnesota. Becoming forensic librarians “Wait, this is information literacy?” a rhetorician at our workshop exclaimed in excited surprise. “But this [...

  16. Google in the Research and Teaching of Instruction Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorensen, Charlene; Dahl, Candice

    2008-01-01

    This exploratory study assesses the differences and similarities between how instruction librarians in Western Canada use Google and how they instruct students to use it. Survey results indicate that these librarians do use Google but can be influenced by faculty to present Google negatively to students. (Contains 4 figures and 1 table.)

  17. Designer Librarian: Embedded in K12 Online Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Brenda

    2015-01-01

    Over the past two decades, shifts in technology have altered the roles of school librarians in a multitude of ways. New rigorous standards, proliferation of devices, and steady growth of online and blended learning for the K12 market now demand librarians engage with learners in online environments. Taking an instructional design approach is the…

  18. The Art of Questions: Inquiry, the CCSS, and School Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wadham, Rachel

    2013-01-01

    This article examines the association among inquiry, the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and school librarians. It explains the significance of asking questions, and describes the characteristics of the questions that are central to inquiry learning. The role of school librarians in inquiry learning and the implementation of CCSS is also…

  19. The Politics of Expertise and Role of the Librarian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frankena, Frederick; Frankena, Joann Koelln

    1986-01-01

    Intended to introduce librarians to social science concepts relevant to the future of librarianship, this essay explores Birdsall's thesis that librarians belong to a special class of professions that share knowledge with their clients, and that the problems of these professions are political as well as social and economic. (EM)

  20. Characterizing the Role of the Public Librarian: A Survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flatley, Robert

    2000-01-01

    Examines how rural librarians view librarianship and libraries, and the future of both. A total of 441 surveys were sent out; 232 were analyzed. Findings indicate rural librarians are overwhelmingly positive about the profession and its future. The major obstacle facing rural libraries is a lack of education to cope with changes the information…

  1. Mary E. Hall: Dawn of the Professional School Librarian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alto, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    A century ago, a woman named Mary E. Hall convinced school leaders of the need for the professional school librarian--a librarian who cultivated a love of reading, academic achievement, and independent learning skills. After graduating from New York City's Pratt Institute Library School in 1895, Hall developed her vision for the high school…

  2. Best Practices for Librarians Embedded in Online Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Starr; Ramin, Lilly

    2010-01-01

    Academic librarians interested in collaborating with faculty in online courses often express questions about their role, level of involvement, and activities. This article provides a list of best practices to guide those developing embedded librarian services. The practices are drawn from a review of the literature, a case study of one embedded…

  3. Beyond the Stacks: How Librarians Support Students and Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freeman, Joanna

    2014-01-01

    There are many different job titles for this position around the country: school librarian, library media specialist, information technology specialist, research technology specialist, and library media coordinator. The position has changed from primarily a traditional librarian position to a balance of teaching and librarianship, and it's…

  4. New Academic Librarians and Their Perceptions of the Profession

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sare, Laura; Bales, Stephen; Neville, Bruce

    2012-01-01

    This study identifies developments relevant to new academic librarians' perceptions of librarianship. Through use of the long interview and document analysis, the researchers developed a grounded theory consisting of six categories that weigh upon novice librarians' perceptions of the profession: (1) deciding upon a career, (2) experiencing…

  5. Looking like Everyone Else: Academic Portfolios for Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    vanDuinkerken, Wyoma; Coker, Catherine; Anderson, Margaret

    2010-01-01

    The academic librarian faces a unique range of changing duties and responsibilities that are often inappropriately documented. The development of an academic portfolio that creates a record of librarianship, scholarship, and service can solve this issue for librarians on the tenure-track or on a job hunt. This paper describes how academic…

  6. The Role and Responsibilities of an E-Tutor Librarian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waite, Kathryn; Gannon-Leary, Pat; Carr, James

    2011-01-01

    Current trends in librarianship in higher education have indicated an increasing tutoring role for librarians in the online environment. This article examines how the role of the e-tutor is outlined in selected online learning literature before progressing to examine the implications for librarians of fulfilling the demanding e-tutoring role by…

  7. Digitization and digital archiving a practical guide for librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Leggett, Elizabeth R

    2014-01-01

    Modern library patrons are embracing the ease with which information can be accessed digitally, and so many librarians are currently working toward making information available electronically. Digitization and Digital Archiving: A Practical Guide for Librarians is a comprehensive guide with step-by-step instructions for forming digital archives.

  8. Conversando com bibliotecários Talking with librarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graça Maria Fragoso

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available [Portuguese] Reflexões referente à profissão do bibliotecário na Sociedade do Conhecimento sobre qual será a posição do bibliotecário diante dela, sobre se a máquina substituirá o homem, sobre se haverá uma espécie de competitividade entre homem e máquina e, finalmente, sobre se a máquina supera as funções do homem. [English] Reflections about the librarians profession at the Kwonledge Society: which will be his position, if and how the machine will the machine will substitute the man, if will be a competitive enviromental impact between man and machine and how the machines will surpassable the men functions.

  9. Cooperation between librarians and teaching staff

    OpenAIRE

    Landøy, Ane

    2009-01-01

    The changing times with new challenges and new need means that university libraries must look closely at their own visions and missions. The libraries must be ready to accept new tasks and cover the needs of the student’s and academic staff in new areas. In this paper I will look at the need for cooperation between librarians and academic staff in order to optimize the teaching of information literacy in the library, and also present the on-line tutorial Search and W...

  10. Virtually embedded the librarian in an online environment

    CERN Document Server

    McCaffrey, Erin

    2014-01-01

    The rise of online education at institutions of higher learning, together with the increasing cost of higher education, lead some to suggest that online (or distance) education will eventually become the dominant form of higher learning. This has particular significance for librarians. This casebook, a blueprint for embedding academic librarians in online environments, from undergraduate to science-based graduate schools to MOOCs is the first to explore how librarians can play a key role in the virtual academic landscape. The authors, academic librarians representing a broad range of colleges and universities, look at the evolution of the embedded librarian from physical to virtual, suggest how to develop and implement unique programs in and out of the classroom, and explain how to scale programs once they are embedded. This book is suitable for professional collections in academic libraries of all sizes and types. It is also suitable for collections in schools of library and information science.

  11. Internet Librarian 2000: Proceedings of the Internet Librarian Conference (4th, Monterey, California, November 6-8, 2000).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nixon, Carol, Comp.; Burmood, Jennifer, Comp.

    These Proceedings of the fourth Internet Librarian Conference and Exhibition for Librarians and Information Managers include the following papers: "Common Diseases of the Online Tutorial, or Cures for "Onlinis Tutorialitis"; "FindInfo.html"; HiPHIVE-The Hawaii Public Health Information Virtual Emporium"; "Symbiosis: Beneficial Relationship between…

  12. The Instant I Knew I Was Not Meant to Be an Elementary Librarian: Confessions of a High School Librarian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoppe, Kelly M.

    2007-01-01

    Some may think being a school librarian requires the same talents and skills at all grade levels. The author, having a masters in library science, thought she could handle any library-related issue no matter what the patron age. In this article, she describes three distinct moments from her first day as an elementary librarian which made her…

  13. Faculty and Librarians Unite! How Two Librarians and One Faculty Member Developed an Information Literacy Strategy for Distance Education Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Easter, Jennifer; Bailey, Sharon; Klages, Gregory

    2014-01-01

    Librarians know that collaboration with faculty is crucial when developing effective information literacy initiatives. Our case study, based on the ADDIE model of instructional design, set out to determine if a collaborative approach between faculty and librarians could effectively support students in a distance education course. Set in a small…

  14. ???????????????????????? ?????????? A Study on University Circulation Librarian’s Service Strategy to Cope with Aggressive Patron: The Perspective of Emotional Labor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Su-May Sheih

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????The aggressive patrons’ outrageous and unreasonable behavior would have serious influence on circulation librarians. However, in order to maintain the service quality, “emotional labor” is usually performed by the librarians when encounter aggressive patrons. Emotional labor is the manipulation of the required emotional expression, and the strategies used to maintain the service quality. To understand circulation librarians’ service strategies coping with aggressive patrons from the perspective of emotional labor, semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted in this study. The interviewees consisted of 15 university circulation librarians all over Taiwan. The findings revealed that the factors which may elicit aggressive reaction included library services and the patrons’ personal traits. And to cope with the aggressive patrons, the circulation librarians would employ self-controlling, surface acting, and other service strategies such as persuasion or active listening.

  15. How to assess and compare inter-rater reliability, agreement and correlation of ratings: an exemplary analysis of mother-father and parent-teacher expressive vocabulary rating pairs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MargaritaStolarova

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This report has two main purposes. First, we combine well-known analytical approaches to conduct a comprehensive assessment of agreement and correlation of rating-pairs and to dis-entangle these often confused concepts, providing a best-practice example on concrete data and a tutorial for future reference. Second, we explore whether a screening questionnaire deve-loped for use with parents can be reliably employed with daycare teachers when assessing early expressive vocabulary. A total of 53 vocabulary rating pairs (34 parent-teacher and 19 mother-father pairs collected for two-year-old children (12 bilingual are evaluated. First, inter-rater reliability both within and across subgroups is assessed using the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC. Next, based on this analysis of reliability and on the test-retest reliability of the employed tool, inter-rater agreement is analyzed, magnitude and direction of rating differences are considered. Finally, Pearson correlation coefficients of standardized vocabulary scores are calculated and compared across subgroups. The results underline the necessity to distinguish between reliability measures, agreement and correlation. They also demonstrate the impact of the employed reliability on agreement evaluations. This study provides evidence that parent-teacher ratings of children’s early vocabulary can achieve agreement and correlation comparable to those of mother-father ratings on the assessed vocabulary scale. Bilingualism of the evaluated child decreased the likelihood of raters’ agreement. We conclude that future reports of agree-ment, correlation and reliability of ratings will benefit from better definition of terms and stricter methodological approaches. The methodological tutorial provided here holds the potential to increase comparability across empirical reports and can help improve research practices and knowledge transfer to educational and therapeutic settings.

  16. Helicopter Parents Can Be a Good Thing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiltz, Julie

    2015-01-01

    Helicopter parents get a bad rap. Teachers and administrators should view them as a resource--not a nuisance. By encouraging open communication, teachers can begin to understand the motivations of these parents and find creative ways to connect them with opportunities to promote their students' academic success and the school's overall…

  17. The image of health sciences librarians: how we see ourselves and how patrons see us.

    OpenAIRE

    Blackwelder, M. B.

    1996-01-01

    A survey was conducted to solicit data related to health professionals image of librarians. Physicians, residents, nurses, medical students, dentists, pharmacists, physical therapists, and occupational therapists were questioned about their experiences with and opinions of librarians, particularly the skills and characteristics needed by helpful, successful librarians. Health sciences librarians were also questioned about their own professional image and their perceptions of their patrons' im...

  18. A Study of Science Teachers' Homework Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tas, Yasemin; Sungur-Vural, Semra; Öztekin, Ceren

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates Turkish middle school science teachers' homework practices, the value teachers attach to homework and teachers' communication with parents about homework. One hundred and sixty-eight teachers completed surveys. Teachers reported to assign homework frequently: 93.4 per cent of the teachers reported that they assign…

  19. Role of Librarian in Internet and World Wide Web Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Nageswara Rao

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The transition of traditional library collections to digital or virtual collections presented the librarian with new opportunities. The Internet, Web en-vironment and associated sophisticated tools have given the librarian a new dynamic role to play and serve the new information based society in bet-ter ways than hitherto. Because of the powerful features of Web i.e. distributed, heterogeneous, collaborative, multimedia, multi-protocol, hyperme-dia-oriented architecture, World Wide Web has revolutionized the way people access information, and has opened up new possibilities in areas such as digital libraries, virtual libraries, scientific information retrieval and dissemination. Not only the world is becoming interconnected, but also the use of Internet and Web has changed the fundamental roles, paradigms, and organizational culture of libraries and librarians as well. The article describes the limitless scope of Internet and Web, the existence of the librarian in the changing environment, parallelism between information sci-ence and information technology, librarians and intelligent agents, working of intelligent agents, strengths, weaknesses, threats and opportunities in-volved in the relationship between librarians and the Web. The role of librarian in Internet and Web environment especially as intermediary, facilita-tor, end-user trainer, Web site builder, researcher, interface designer, knowledge manager and sifter of information resources is also described.

  20. Effective Parent Conferences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elmore, Michael

    2008-01-01

    Conferences with an upset parent, teacher, or student should be opportunities for schools to build relationships with the community and to foster a positive school culture. But in reality, they are often held because a problem has arisen and often end with stakeholders having a less-than-positive image of the school. Understanding the steps that…

  1. Diabetes Movie (For Parents)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Kids for Teens Parents Home General Health Growth & Development Infections Diseases & Conditions Pregnancy & Baby Nutrition & Fitness Emotions & Behavior School & Family Life First Aid & Safety Doctors & Hospitals Q&A Recipes En Español Teachers - Looking for Health Lessons? Visit KidsHealth in the ...

  2. Yoga for Exceptional Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhn, Jackie

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the author shares how Yoga can help make life easier for parents. The author started practicing with a Hatha Yoga teacher once a week at the local church community center. The breath (Pranayama) leads to self-discovery, Yoga poses (asanas) lead to quieting of the mind and self-connection. That was seven years ago, and since then,…

  3. Elementary Preservice Teachers’ Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alenka Lipovec

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In the last two decades investigation of teachers’ beliefs and conceptions and teachers‘possibilities for change has been one of the points of emphasis in mathematics education. We propose the concept and design of an intervention program including five stakeholders on the basis of a teacher–student–parent–preservice teacher–teacher educator relation. The main idea is comprised of reversed roles in teaching and learning process i.e. elementary school preservice teachers should adopt beliefs and conceptions from the mathematically promising students (age 6-12. The program is defined by 10 relationships among stakeholders and was evaluated from various viewpoints. In this paper, we highlight the effect on the preservice teachers’ competencies during the longitudinal study. We have focused on the gap between desired and achieved competences as viewed by the preservice teachers. Overall results speak in favour of presented approach.

  4. The age demographics of academic librarians a profession apart

    CERN Document Server

    Wilder, Stanley

    2013-01-01

    The Age Demographics of Academic Librarians: A Profession Apart discusses the current demographics of librarianship in North America and examines how a huge retiree rate will affect the profession. With the average age of librarians increasing dramatically since 1990, this book examines the changes that will have to take place in your library, such as recruiting, training, and working with a smaller staff. The Age Demographics of Academic Librarians provides you with insights on how to make your library's transition easier when several of your colleagues leave your library. Valuable and intell

  5. Teaching with Your Librarian: Reading About Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meagher, Sandy

    2005-01-01

    This document contains some book suggestions to help introduce all the various parts of writing. Helping students understand figures of speech takes more than a book ? it takes a creative teacher and interested students. One book that teachers and students have had a great time with is Monkey Business by Wallace Edwards, (Kids Can Press, 2004,…

  6. The Social Studies Teacher: An Exploration of Ethical Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ochoa, Anna

    1977-01-01

    The article identifies ethical criteria for social studies teachers. Examples of tensions between parents, students, and teachers are presented to illustrate how the ethical criteria impinge on the social studies teacher. (Author/DB)

  7. The Art of Working with Parents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warnemuende, Carolyn

    2000-01-01

    Describes the skills needed by teachers to work effectively with parents. Explains the use of active listening, "I" messages, correct diagnosis of problems, and synergistic problem-solving. Asserts that as these tools become part of a teacher's repertoire of skills, they begin to feel natural and teachers become proficient and comfortable in their…

  8. Conocimientos y consumo alimentario en escolares, sus padres y profesores: un análisis comparativo Food knowledge and food consumption in school-age children, parents and teachers: a comparative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Vio del R

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue hacer un análisis comparativo del conocimiento y consumo alimentario entre los escolares, sus padres y profesores, que sirva como línea de base para un modelo de intervención educativa en alimentación y nutrición en el ámbito escolar. Para ello se realizaron encuestas a niños y niñas de prekinder, kínder, primero y segundo año básico, sus padres y profesores acerca del conocimiento y consumo de alimentos saludables y no saludables. Se encontró un excelente conocimiento en los niños de lo que era una alimentación saludable, con un adecuado consumo de ellos. En los padres, en cambio, a pesar de tener conocimientos adecuados, su consumo era muy poco saludable, al igual que en los profesores. Respecto a la distribución de las comidas en el día, un 98% de los padres señaló que toman desayuno; un 96% que almuerzan y un 77% que toman té u once. En la noche cenan tan sólo un 55%, siendo este hábito significativamente mayor en los padres de prekinder y kínder que en los de 1° y 2° año básico. Los padres de prebásica no dan dinero Conducta de los padres en a sus hijos para que compren golosinas en la escuela; sin embargo un 33% de los padres de primero y segundo básico si lo hacen, lo que demuestra que existe una mayor preocupación por la alimentación saludable en los niños más pequeños, que se pierde cuando ingresan a la educación básica. Todo lo anterior demuestra que es imperativo contar con programas de educación alimentaria y nutricional que considere la situación actual de conocimientos y hábitos de consumo de los niños, sus padres y profesores, para que los incluya en forma conjunta en la educación alimentaria nutricional.The objective of this study was to conduct a comparative analysis about food knowledge and food consumption in preschool and school-age children, their parents and teachers to establish a baseline for a nutrition education intervention model in schools. For that purpose, surveys were administered about healthy and non-healthy food knowledge and food consumption. Results showed an excellent healthy food knowledge and food consumption in children. In parents, despite a good knowledge about healthy food, consumption was unhealthy. The same situation was found in teachers. Distribution of food during the day showed that 98% of parents had breakfast; 96% had lunch, and 77% had an afternoon snack instead of dinner (just 55% had dinner. The number of pre-school age parents who ate dinner was significantly higher than school-age parents. Pre-school age parents did not give money to their children to buy snacks at the school; however, a third of the school-age parents gave money to their children. This demonstrates a major care for healthy food in pre-school age children that is not maintained during the first school grades. This study shows the need to design food and nutrition education programs considering the present food knowledge and food consumption of pre-school and school age children, their parents and teachers.

  9. Conocimientos y consumo alimentario en escolares, sus padres y profesores: un análisis comparativo / Food knowledge and food consumption in school-age children, parents and teachers: a comparative analysis

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Fernando, Vio del R; Judith, Salinas C; Lydia, Lera M; Carmen Gloria, González G; Carolina, Huenchupán M.

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio fue hacer un análisis comparativo del conocimiento y consumo alimentario entre los escolares, sus padres y profesores, que sirva como línea de base para un modelo de intervención educativa en alimentación y nutrición en el ámbito escolar. Para ello se realizaron encuestas [...] a niños y niñas de prekinder, kínder, primero y segundo año básico, sus padres y profesores acerca del conocimiento y consumo de alimentos saludables y no saludables. Se encontró un excelente conocimiento en los niños de lo que era una alimentación saludable, con un adecuado consumo de ellos. En los padres, en cambio, a pesar de tener conocimientos adecuados, su consumo era muy poco saludable, al igual que en los profesores. Respecto a la distribución de las comidas en el día, un 98% de los padres señaló que toman desayuno; un 96% que almuerzan y un 77% que toman té u once. En la noche cenan tan sólo un 55%, siendo este hábito significativamente mayor en los padres de prekinder y kínder que en los de 1° y 2° año básico. Los padres de prebásica no dan dinero Conducta de los padres en a sus hijos para que compren golosinas en la escuela; sin embargo un 33% de los padres de primero y segundo básico si lo hacen, lo que demuestra que existe una mayor preocupación por la alimentación saludable en los niños más pequeños, que se pierde cuando ingresan a la educación básica. Todo lo anterior demuestra que es imperativo contar con programas de educación alimentaria y nutricional que considere la situación actual de conocimientos y hábitos de consumo de los niños, sus padres y profesores, para que los incluya en forma conjunta en la educación alimentaria nutricional. Abstract in english The objective of this study was to conduct a comparative analysis about food knowledge and food consumption in preschool and school-age children, their parents and teachers to establish a baseline for a nutrition education intervention model in schools. For that purpose, surveys were administered ab [...] out healthy and non-healthy food knowledge and food consumption. Results showed an excellent healthy food knowledge and food consumption in children. In parents, despite a good knowledge about healthy food, consumption was unhealthy. The same situation was found in teachers. Distribution of food during the day showed that 98% of parents had breakfast; 96% had lunch, and 77% had an afternoon snack instead of dinner (just 55% had dinner). The number of pre-school age parents who ate dinner was significantly higher than school-age parents. Pre-school age parents did not give money to their children to buy snacks at the school; however, a third of the school-age parents gave money to their children. This demonstrates a major care for healthy food in pre-school age children that is not maintained during the first school grades. This study shows the need to design food and nutrition education programs considering the present food knowledge and food consumption of pre-school and school age children, their parents and teachers.

  10. Parent Perceptions and Recommendations about Homework Involving Wikis and Blogs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Portier, Christine A.; Peterson, Shelley Stagg; Capitao-Tavares, Zelia; Rambaran, Kamla

    2013-01-01

    Homework is an important way for teachers to develop relationships with their students' parents and other caregivers. The learning activities teachers assign for homework provide parents a window into the content and skills their children are learning at school. Parents have a chance to participate in their children's schooling by…

  11. Inclusão de crianças com Síndrome de Down e paralisia cerebral no ensino fundamental I: comparação dos relatos de mães e professores / Inclusion of children with Down Syndrome and cerebral palsy in elementary schools: comparison between parents' and teachers' reports

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Clara Regina Abdalla, Ferraz; Marcos Vinícius de, Araújo; Luiz Renato Rodrigues, Carreiro.

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O princípio fundamental da escola inclusiva é de que todas as crianças aprendam juntas, independentemente de dificuldades ou diferenças. Hoje, há necessidade de revisão da inclusão de alunos com deficiências e da função da escola como contribuinte do seu desenvolvimento. Diante disso, percebe-se a i [...] mportância da interação pais e escola para efetivação desse processo. Assim, este trabalho buscou conhecer o processo de inclusão do aluno com Síndrome de Down (SD) e Paralisia Cerebral (PC), a partir da comparação dos relatos de pais e professores e analisar como sua interação afeta o processo de inclusão. Participaram deste estudo 4 mães com filhos com PC, 4 mães com filhos com SD e 8 respectivos professores dessas crianças, do ensino público regular de um município na grande São Paulo. Utilizou-se uma entrevista estruturada construída pelos pesquisadores e adaptada para pais e professores. Para análise foram identificadas as categorias que emergiram dos relatos dos grupos. Como resultados observaram-se: oportunidade da inclusão diminuir o preconceito; a expectativa dos pais em matricular o filho na escola regular como possibilidade de aprender a ler e a escrever ao menos o nome. Por outro lado, os professores declaram não se sentirem preparados para este trabalho; entretanto, mesmo sem orientações, recursos e estrutura física adequada, trabalham para efetivação do aprendizado em sala de aula. A escola deve possibilitar condições para que os pais e professores se comuniquem de forma adequada e assim compartilhem conhecimentos indispensáveis para a inclusão e aprendizado efetivo de crianças com SD e PC. Abstract in english The fundamental principle of inclusive schools is that all children learn together, no matter their differences or difficulties. Currently, there is a need to review the inclusion of students who have disabilities, and the role of schools as contributors to their development. Thus, the importance of [...] parent-school interaction can be a key to the effectiveness of this process. This paper aimed to understand the inclusion process of students with Down Syndrome (DS) and Cerebral Palsy (CP) by comparing parent and teacher reports and analyzing how their interaction affects the process of inclusion. The participants were four mothers of children with CP, four mothers of children with DS and these children's eight teachers, who work in regular public school in greater São Paulo. A semi-structured interview was developed by the researchers and adapted for parents and teachers. The categories of analysis emerged from the reports. The results indicated: the opportunity of inclusion diminishes prejudice; parents expect that when they enroll their children in mainstream education, they will at least learn to read and write their own names. Teachers reported they did not feel prepared for this job; nevertheless, even without orientation, resources and appropriate physical structure, they seek to achieve an effective learning environment in the classroom. Schools should provide conditions for proper parent-teacher communication, to enable them to share essential information for the inclusion and effective learning of children with DS and CP.

  12. Inclusão de crianças com Síndrome de Down e paralisia cerebral no ensino fundamental I: comparação dos relatos de mães e professores Inclusion of children with Down Syndrome and cerebral palsy in elementary schools: comparison between parents' and teachers' reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clara Regina Abdalla Ferraz

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O princípio fundamental da escola inclusiva é de que todas as crianças aprendam juntas, independentemente de dificuldades ou diferenças. Hoje, há necessidade de revisão da inclusão de alunos com deficiências e da função da escola como contribuinte do seu desenvolvimento. Diante disso, percebe-se a importância da interação pais e escola para efetivação desse processo. Assim, este trabalho buscou conhecer o processo de inclusão do aluno com Síndrome de Down (SD e Paralisia Cerebral (PC, a partir da comparação dos relatos de pais e professores e analisar como sua interação afeta o processo de inclusão. Participaram deste estudo 4 mães com filhos com PC, 4 mães com filhos com SD e 8 respectivos professores dessas crianças, do ensino público regular de um município na grande São Paulo. Utilizou-se uma entrevista estruturada construída pelos pesquisadores e adaptada para pais e professores. Para análise foram identificadas as categorias que emergiram dos relatos dos grupos. Como resultados observaram-se: oportunidade da inclusão diminuir o preconceito; a expectativa dos pais em matricular o filho na escola regular como possibilidade de aprender a ler e a escrever ao menos o nome. Por outro lado, os professores declaram não se sentirem preparados para este trabalho; entretanto, mesmo sem orientações, recursos e estrutura física adequada, trabalham para efetivação do aprendizado em sala de aula. A escola deve possibilitar condições para que os pais e professores se comuniquem de forma adequada e assim compartilhem conhecimentos indispensáveis para a inclusão e aprendizado efetivo de crianças com SD e PC.The fundamental principle of inclusive schools is that all children learn together, no matter their differences or difficulties. Currently, there is a need to review the inclusion of students who have disabilities, and the role of schools as contributors to their development. Thus, the importance of parent-school interaction can be a key to the effectiveness of this process. This paper aimed to understand the inclusion process of students with Down Syndrome (DS and Cerebral Palsy (CP by comparing parent and teacher reports and analyzing how their interaction affects the process of inclusion. The participants were four mothers of children with CP, four mothers of children with DS and these children's eight teachers, who work in regular public school in greater São Paulo. A semi-structured interview was developed by the researchers and adapted for parents and teachers. The categories of analysis emerged from the reports. The results indicated: the opportunity of inclusion diminishes prejudice; parents expect that when they enroll their children in mainstream education, they will at least learn to read and write their own names. Teachers reported they did not feel prepared for this job; nevertheless, even without orientation, resources and appropriate physical structure, they seek to achieve an effective learning environment in the classroom. Schools should provide conditions for proper parent-teacher communication, to enable them to share essential information for the inclusion and effective learning of children with DS and CP.

  13. Twenty-first-century kids, twenty-first-century librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Walter, Virginia A

    2009-01-01

    Inspired by a new generation of librarians and children, Walter reconsiders the legacy passed on by the matriarchs of children's services and examines more recent trends and challenges growing out of changes in educational philosophy and information technology.

  14. Parent Involvement in Education: Ideology and Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waggoner, Kimberly; Griffith, Alison

    1998-01-01

    Examines parent involvement complexities from the differing standpoints of school volunteers and teachers, mostly women. Explores the construction of the family-school relationship in four Louisiana schools serving low-income children. For educators, parental involvement was ideologically bounded by school walls. Parents' descriptions stressed…

  15. MOOCs as a Professional Development Tool for Librarians

    OpenAIRE

    Meghan Ecclestone

    2013-01-01

    This article explores how reference and instructional librarians taking over new areas of subject responsibility can develop professional expertise using new eLearning tools called MOOCs. MOOCs – Massive Open Online Courses – are a new online learning model that offers free higher education courses to anyone with an Internet connection and a keen interest to learn. As MOOCs proliferate, librarians have the opportunity to leverage this technology to improve their professional skills.

  16. MOOCs as a Professional Development Tool for Librarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meghan Ecclestone

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article explores how reference and instructional librarians taking over new areas of subject responsibility can develop professional expertise using new eLearning tools called MOOCs. MOOCs – Massive Open Online Courses – are a new online learning model that offers free higher education courses to anyone with an Internet connection and a keen interest to learn. As MOOCs proliferate, librarians have the opportunity to leverage this technology to improve their professional skills.

  17. LIBRARIES AND THE LIBRARIANS IN THE DIGITAL ENVIRONMENT

    OpenAIRE

    MD AJIMUDDIN SK

    2013-01-01

    The transformation of the traditional libraries into e-resources base digital libraries represented new opportunities and the new ways to the library professionals to provide the satisfactory users need. The role of the libraries and the librarians has changed in the e-environment and the library professionals became multitalented personality. This paper also describes the multipurpose role of the librarians in the digital age.

  18. Key professional principles for South African academic librarians

    OpenAIRE

    Coetsee, Tertia; Weiner, Sharon A.

    2013-01-01

    This article examines academic librarianship in South Africa; general trends and challenges in academic librarianship; and the higher education (HE) environment in which academic libraries exist. The authors propose that South African academic librarians adopt several key professional principles to best support the priorities of their institutions. Academic librarians who understand and respond to trends occurring in the larger context of HE will continue to have a critical rol...

  19. Role of Librarian in Internet and World Wide Web Environment

    OpenAIRE

    K. Nageswara Rao; KH Babu

    2001-01-01

    The transition of traditional library collections to digital or virtual collections presented the librarian with new opportunities. The Internet, Web en-vironment and associated sophisticated tools have given the librarian a new dynamic role to play and serve the new information based society in bet-ter ways than hitherto. Because of the powerful features of Web i.e. distributed, heterogeneous, collaborative, multimedia, multi-protocol, hyperme-dia-oriented architecture, World Wide Web has re...

  20. Focus on further education of librarians in Latvia

    OpenAIRE

    Iveta Gudakovska

    2001-01-01

    Describes the needs for continuing education of professional librarians in Latvia, following independence and the consequent structural changes. Following research into further education needs, the Continuing Education Centre for Librarians of Latvia (CECLL) was established to provide training courses. CECLL is a collaborative venture, involving the Department of Library Science and Information, University of Latvia, the Library Department of the National Library of Latvia and the initiative ...

  1. NEWLIB-L: The Discussion List for New Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    NEWLIB-L is a new, unmoderated email discussion list created for persons new to the career of librarianship. The list will serve as a forum for new librarians -- academic, public, and special -- to discuss the ideas, trends, and issues that they will encounter as they enter this ever-changing profession. Experienced information professionals and those interested in becoming librarians are also encouraged to contribute to the discussion.

  2. The librarian as a partner in nursing education.

    OpenAIRE

    Layton, B; Hahn, K.

    1995-01-01

    Welch Medical Library has explored new roles for librarians in knowledge management instruction programs throughout the Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing curricula. These programs have created roles for library staff as both instructors and knowledge management experts. By fostering strong communication and attention to quality instruction, librarians achieved their vision of a program in knowledge management integrated into the curriculum, where they are partners working with nursin...

  3. Rejuvenation and Networking Motivates Librarians to Attend Conferences

    OpenAIRE

    Hultman Özek, Yvonne

    2009-01-01

    A Review of: Vega, Robert D. and Ruth S. Connell. “Librarians’ Attitudes Toward Conferences: A Study.” College & Research Libraries 68.6 (2007): 503-15. Objectives – To determine why professional librarians attend or do not attend conferences and to consider their attitudes toward the various conference offerings and whether conference attendance is important to their careers. Design – An electronic mail list survey designed to collect both quantitative and qua...

  4. Personal information and reference management : librarians’ increasing creativity

    OpenAIRE

    Fourie, Ina

    2011-01-01

    This column seeks to explore the potential of personal information management (PIM) and reference management to offer more than easy citation of information sources and the creation of bibliographies. The emphasis is on the role librarians and information professionals (hereafter referred to only as librarians) can play in raising awareness of the potential of PIM and reference management and issues to be considered. The end goal is increasing quality, productivity, collaboration and creat...

  5. Falamos da mesma criança? Concordância mãe - pai - professores na avaliação do temperamento de crianças portuguesas / Is that the same child? Parents' and teachers' agreement in temperament assessment of portuguese children

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria João, Seabra-Santos; Margarida Sousa, Almeida.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Com este trabalho pretendeu-se analisar o grau de concordância entre diferentes informadores - mães, pais, professores do ensino regular e dos apoios educativos (quando aplicável) - na avaliação do temperamento de crianças com 2 a 7 anos de idade. O estudo incidiu sobre uma amostra de 138 crianças, [...] distribuídas por quatro grupos com diferentes características desenvolvimentais: síndrome de Down, Autismo, Nascimento Prematuro e Desenvolvimento Normal. Os informadores preencheram a Temperament Assessment Battery for Children - Revised nas versões para pais ou para professores. Encontraram-se correlações elevadas entre informadores que observam a criança no mesmo contexto e baixas entre avaliações de adultos pertencentes a contextos diferentes. Os resultados são discutidos em função das suas possíveis implicações para a avaliação do temperamento de crianças. Abstract in english This study was intended to address the issue of convergence between informants (mother, father, regular teacher and special education teacher, whenever applicable) when assessing the temperament of children between 2 and 7 years old. The study was based on a sample of 138 children, distributed into [...] four groups with different developmental characteristics: Down syndrome, Autism, Premature Birth, and Normal Development. Informants filled in the Temperament Assessment Battery for Children - Revised in its parents' or teachers' versions. Whereas correlations between assessments made by adults of different contexts were low, high correlations were found between informants who observe the child in the same context. Results are discussed in terms of their possible implications for the assessment of children's temperament.

  6. Examining Teacher Perspectives of Creative Relaxation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Froeschle, Janet G.; Crews, Charles R.

    2010-01-01

    Middle school teachers display large amounts of stress affecting student academic achievement as well as the entire school environment (Clausen & Petruka, 2009; Stoeber & Rennert, 2008). For example, teacher stress may lead to student behavioral problems, poor teacher-parent relationships, conflicts with peers, and lack of teacher autonomy…

  7. Embedding online information resources in Virtual Learning Environments: some implications for lecturers and librarians of the move towards delivering teaching in the online environment

    OpenAIRE

    Margaret Markland

    2003-01-01

    A small study of the use of online information resources by new Virtual Learning Environment users in a UK University provided insights into the strategies used by lecturers to select those resources, and into some of the difficulties they encountered when using online materials in their teaching. Skills training emerged as an issue for both teachers and learners, and some interesting observations were made on the working relationships of lecturing staff and librarians. The study concludes th...

  8. Academic Librarians’ Conception and Use of Evidence Sources in Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Koufogiannakis

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective – The objective of this study was to explore and understand how academic librarians use evidence in their professional decision making. Theresearcher aimed to gain insights on the relevance of the current EBLIP model topractice, and to understand the possible connections between scientific researchand tacit knowledge within the practice of LIS.Methods – A grounded theory methodology was used, following the approach ofCharmaz (2006. Participants were 19 academic librarians in Canada. Data wasgathered via online diaries and semi-structured interviews over a six-month periodin 2011.Results – Two broad types of evidence were identified (hard and soft, and aregenerally used in conjunction with one another. Librarians examine all evidencesources with a critical eye, and try to determine a complete picture before reachinga conclusion. As well, librarians use a variety of proactive and passive approachesto find evidence.Conclusions – These results provide a strong message that no single evidencesource is perfect. Consequently, librarians bring different types of evidencetogether in order to be as informed as possible before making a decision. Using acombination of evidence sources, depending upon the problem, is the wayacademic librarians approach decision making.

  9. Parenting Perfectionism and Parental Adjustment

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Meghan A.; Schoppe-sullivan, Sarah J.; Kamp Dush, Claire M.

    2012-01-01

    The parental role is expected to be one of the most gratifying and rewarding roles in life. As expectations of parenting become ever higher, the implications of parenting perfectionism for parental adjustment warrant investigation. Using longitudinal data from 182 couples, this study examined the associations between societal- and self-oriented parenting perfectionism and new mothers’ and fathers’ parenting self-efficacy, stress, and satisfaction. For mothers, societal-oriented parenting ...

  10. The Effectiveness of Mindfulness Training for Children with ADHD and Mindful Parenting for their Parents

    OpenAIRE

    Van der Oord, Saskia; Bögels, Susan M.; Peijnenburg, Dorreke

    2011-01-01

    This study evaluated the effectiveness of an 8-week mindfulness training for children aged 8–12 with ADHD and parallel mindful parenting training for their parents. Parents (N = 22) completed questionnaires on their child’s ADHD and ODD symptoms, their own ADHD symptoms, parenting stress, parental overreactivity, permissiveness and mindful awareness before, immediately after the 8-week training and at 8-week follow-up. Teachers reported on ADHD and ODD behavior of the child. A within-gr...

  11. Benchmarking participation of Canadian university health sciences librarians in systematic reviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Susan A; Boden, Catherine

    2015-04-01

    This study describes the current state of Canadian university health sciences librarians' knowledge about, training needs for, and barriers to participating in systematic reviews (SRs). A convenience sample of Canadian librarians was surveyed. Over half of the librarians who had participated in SRs acknowledged participating in a traditional librarian role (e.g., search strategy developer); less than half indicated participating in any one nontraditional librarian role (e.g., data extractor). Lack of time and insufficient training were the most frequently reported barriers to participating in SRs. The findings provide a benchmark for tracking changes in Canadian university health sciences librarians' participation in SRs. PMID:25918485

  12. LIBRARIAN IN TRAINING FOR POTENTIAL READERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keina Maria Guedes da Silva

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Since the librarian works with a powerful toolfor the development of human potentialities,which is reading, we attempted to promote,through playful workshops, reading activitiesthat focused on children?s taste for reading,promoting a rich exchange of knowledge andleveraging social, political and culturalengagement of 40 children, aged 7-12 yearsold, from two Municipal public schools on theoutskirts of Fortaleza. The methodologyconsisted in the development of storytellingactivities; interactive dynamics oriented topractices of different readings; readingactivities with magazines, newspapers, booksof children and youth literature; andeducational primers. We disclose theimportance of reading practices, in a process ofreflection on what they represent in the lives ofchildren, explaining the use and importance ofreading to the development of society. Weobtained, thus, a satisfactory result with anincreasing awareness of the children to variouspossible paths through reading, in a potential,interactive, dynamic, collaborative, active, andcreative exercise, turning reading into a sourceof pleasure and leisure. Forming citizens whothink, reflect, and act critically about theevents around them.

  13. Integrating Information Literacy into Teacher Education: A Successful Grant Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Earp, Vanessa

    2009-01-01

    Information literacy has gained importance over the last few decades, not only among librarians, but also with higher education faculty. Information literacy instruction is important for all college-level students. However, it is essential for teacher education students who must not only be information literate themselves, but also be able to…

  14. Middle East Materials for Teachers, Students, Non-Specialists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, Catherine E., Ed.

    This annotated bibliography is intended for teachers, students, school librarians, and others as an aid in selecting materials to support teaching about the Middle East. Eleven chapters cover: (1) "Reference and General Works"; (2) "Physical Geography"; (3) "Folktales, Literature, Fiction"; (4) "Religion"; (5) "Peoples and Cultures"; (6) "History…

  15. Parenting Perfectionism and Parental Adjustment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Meghan A; Schoppe-Sullivan, Sarah J; Kamp Dush, Claire M

    2012-02-01

    The parental role is expected to be one of the most gratifying and rewarding roles in life. As expectations of parenting become ever higher, the implications of parenting perfectionism for parental adjustment warrant investigation. Using longitudinal data from 182 couples, this study examined the associations between societal- and self-oriented parenting perfectionism and new mothers' and fathers' parenting self-efficacy, stress, and satisfaction. For mothers, societal-oriented parenting perfectionism was associated with lower parenting self-efficacy, but self-oriented parenting perfectionism was associated with higher parenting satisfaction. For fathers, societal-oriented parenting perfectionism was associated with higher parenting stress, whereas higher levels of self-oriented parenting perfectionism were associated with higher parenting self-efficacy, lower parenting stress, and greater parenting satisfaction. These findings support the distinction between societal- and self-oriented perfectionism, extend research on perfectionism to interpersonal adjustment in the parenting domain, and provide the first evidence for the potential consequences of holding excessively high standards for parenting. PMID:22328797

  16. Parent Reading Beliefs and Parenting Goals of Netherlands Antillean and Dutch Mothers in the Netherlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boomstra, Nienke; van Dijk, Marijn; Jorna, René; van Geert, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Parent reading beliefs are the ideas that parents have concerning the influence of reading and their own efficacy as language teachers to their children. In the intervention More Languages, More Opportunities, one of the goals is to positively influence the parental reading beliefs. The participants were 16 mother-child couples from bilingual…

  17. Embedded librarian: relato de uma experiência na Psicologia brasileira / Embedded librarian: rapport d’une expérience en psychologie brésilienne / Embedded librarian: Report of an experience in Brazilian Psychology / Embedded librarian: relato de una experiencia en la Psicología brasileña

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    André, Serradas.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente relato apresenta as principais atividades e desafios de um embedded librarian, ou bibliotecário integrado, junto aos diversos grupos envolvidos nos processos de comunicação científica e, mais especificamente, relacionados aos periódicos científicos da área de Psicologia. A existência de u [...] m bibliotecário integrado a esses grupos favoreceu a comunicação e interação entre eles e contribuiu também para a qualificação de um conjunto de periódicos científicos da área. Abstract in spanish El presente relato expone las principales actividades y desafíos de un embedded librarian, o bibliotecario integrado, junto a los diversos grupos involucrados en los procesos de comunicación científica y, más específicamente, relacionados a las revistas científicas del área. La existencia de un bibl [...] iotecario integrado a esos grupos favoreció una comunicación e integración entre ellos y contribuyó también para la calificación en un conjunto de revistas científicas del área. Abstract in english This report presents the main activities and challenges of an embedded librarian, or a librarian integrated, with many groups involved in the scientific communication process and particularly related to scientific journals in Psychology. The existence of a librarian integrated with these groups has [...] supported the communication and interaction between them. It has also contributed to the qualification of a set of scientific journals in the area.

  18. Pais e/ou professores? Acordo entre informadores na avaliação socioemocional de pré-escolares / Parents and/or teachers? Inter-ratter agreement on preschoolers social-emotional assessment

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sofia, Major; Maria João, Seabra-Santos.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Pais e professores são os informadores mais requisitados na avaliação socioemocional em idade pré-escolar. Todavia, o facto de informadores que interagem com a criança em diversos contextos poderem ter perspetivas distintas coloca, frequentemente, em causa a fiabilidade e validade desses relatos. O [...] presente artigo tem por objetivo rever 22 estudos de 57 identificados, publicados desde 1987 até 2011, acerca do acordo entre informadores dos contextos familiar e escolar, no preenchimento de inventários comportamentais. Os vários estudos sugerem um grau de acordo reduzido a moderado e a inexistência de um informador-chave na avaliação socioemocional, alertando para a necessidade de recolha paralela da perspetiva de pais e professores, para obter um retrato mais completo dos comportamentos. São discutidas as implicações dos resultados para estudos futuros. Abstract in english Parents and teachers are the most requested informants for preschool social-emotional assessment. However, the fact that informants who interact with the child in different settings may have different perspectives frequently calls into question the reliability and validity of these reports. The pres [...] ent paper intends to review 22 studies of 57 identified, published between 1987 and 2011, about the agreement between informants from home and school settings while completing rating scales. The studies suggest a low to moderate informant agreement and the inexistence of a key-informant in social-emotional assessment, therefore drawing attention to the need to collect the perspectives of both parents and teachers, as a means of achieving a more complete picture of behaviors. Results are discussed in their implications for future research.

  19. Parental Involvement

    OpenAIRE

    Ezra S Simon

    2008-01-01

    This study was conducted in Ghana to investigate, (1) factors that predict parental involvement, (2) the relationship between parental home and school involvement and the educational achievement of adolescents, (3) the relationship between parental authoritativeness and the educational achievement of adolescent students, (4) parental involvement serving as a mediator between their authoritativeness and the educational achievement of the students, and (5) whether parental involvement decreases...

  20. Implementing the Critical Friend Method for Peer Feedback among Teaching Librarians in an Academic Setting

    OpenAIRE

    Hultman O?zek, Yvonne; Edgren, Gudrun; Jande?r, Katarina

    2012-01-01

    Objective – The role of the academic librarian has become increasingly educative in nature. In this study, the critical friend method was introduced among teaching librarians in an academic setting of medicine and health sciences to ascertain whether this approach could be implemented for feedback on teaching of these librarians as part of their professional development. Methods – We used a single intrinsic case study. Seven teaching librarians and one educator from the faculty of med...

  1. Demystifying eResearch a primer for librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, Victoria

    2014-01-01

    Today's librarians need to be technology-savvy information experts who understand how to manage datasets. Demystifying eResearch: A Primer for Librarians prepares librarians for careers that involve eResearch, clearly defining what it is and how it impacts library services and collections, explaining key terms and concepts, and explaining the importance of the field. You will come to understand exactly how the use of networked computing technologies enhances and supports collaboration and innovative methods particularly in scientific research, learn about eResearch library initiatives and best practices, and recognize the professional development opportunities that eResearch offers. This book takes the broad approach to the complex topic of eResearch and how it pertains to the library community, providing an introduction that will be accessible to readers without a background in electronic research. The author presents a conceptual overview of eResearch with real-world examples of electronic research activit...

  2. Moving from Introverted to Extraverted Embedded Librarian Services: An Example of a Proactive Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, Valerie R.; Loftis, Charissa

    2012-01-01

    Librarians at Wayne State College have developed an extraverted online embedded librarian model whereby librarians proactively push out content to students at time-appropriate moments. This article outlines why extraverted approaches are more effective than introverted approaches. It also details how to develop an extraverted program. First,…

  3. Avoiding School Librarian Burnout: Simple Steps to Ensure Your Personal Best

    Science.gov (United States)

    DelGuidice, Margaux

    2011-01-01

    All librarians, even those working one job, can become victims of burnout. Burnout can occur throughout the course of any career, and can pose a serious threat. On a daily basis, librarians help patrons fight their way through a haze of misinformation and disinformation. A good librarian is always on the ready, shifting gears from MLA source…

  4. Implementing web-scale discovery services a practical guide for librarians

    CERN Document Server

    Thompson, JoLinda

    2014-01-01

    Implementing Web-Scale Discovery Services: A Practical Guide for Librarians is a source for librarians seeking to evaluate, purchase, and implement a web-scale discovery service. The book breaks down each phase of the project into decision points and action plans to help librarians select and implement a system that meets their specific needs.

  5. Educating Pre-Service School Librarians for the Instructional Partner Role: An Exploration into University Curricula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreillon, Judi; Kimmel, Sue; Gavigan, Karen

    2014-01-01

    In "Empowering Learners: Guidelines for School Library Programs" (2009), the American Association of School Librarians (AASL) identified the instructional partner role of school librarians as the most critical role for the future of the profession. To determine the extent to which school librarian preparation programs prepare pre-service…

  6. Librarians’ Use of NLA Online Forum for Collaborative Activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uloma Doris Onuoha

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available

    This study assessed the use of Nigerian Library Association (NLA online forum for collaborative activities among Librarians in Nigeria. The main objective of the study was to examine the use of NLA online forum for collaborative activities among librarians in Nigeria. The study population was made up of 1074 registered librarians on NLA online forum. Purposive sampling technique was used in selecting 143 members of the forum as respondents in the study. A self constructed questionnaire was used for data collection which was analysed using descriptive statistics. Findings from the study reveal that the forum is used mainly by librarians working in the cataloguing and e-library departments. Reasons for using the forum are associated with acquiring information about the library profession, getting ideas for research and identifying experts. Major hindrances to use of the forum were found to be lack of familiarity with online technologies, lack of access to computers with internet connectivity and incessant power outage. The findings however reveal that improved visibility, cross fertilisation of ideas, access to data and widening knowledge of a particular topic are stronger motivations for members of the forum to engage in collaborative activities when compared to factors like access to equipment and funding. Uncooperative attitude of members in the online forum was discovered to be the greatest hindrance against collaboration activities, followed by anonymity of some members of the forum. The study concludes by recommending that libraries provide internet facilities in all sections of the library to encourage greater use of the forum by librarians irrespective of their section of work. Administrators of NLA online forum are also to find means of ensuring that members of the forum identify themselves to check anonymity on the forum among others.

    Key words: Collaboration; Librarians; Nigeria; NLA online forum; Online forums

  7. Percepción sobre factores estresantes en estudiantes de Medicina de primer semestre, sus padres y sus maestros / Perception of stressors on medical students in the first semester, their parents and teachers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marian Elizabeth, Phinder-Puente; Alfonso, Sánchez-Cardel; Francisco, Romero-Castellanos; Joseph, Vizcarra-García; Enrique Alejandro, Sánchez-Valdivieso.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El estudiante de Medicina que se somete a niveles de estrés elevados, puede resultar con una gama de desórdenes mentales. Investigamos la percepción de estudiantes de primer semestre de Medicina, sus padres y sus profesores, sobre los factores estresantes en su día a día. Método: Diseñ [...] amos una guía de entrevista revisada y validada, y con ella entrevistamos a estudiantes, catedráticos de Medicina y padres de familia, y triangulamos la información. Por medio de metodología cualitativa se utilizó el diseño de "Teoría Fundamentada" de tipo sistemático, llegando a la saturación de categorías y el texto seleccionado, fue codificado y categorizado (codificación abierta). Resultados: la mayoría de los entrevistados, tanto estudiantes, padres y profesores consideran que si se llega a producir estrés es por falta de estudio y organización, ya que desde el inicio los estudiantes y sus padres esperaban una carrera difícil. Conclusiones: El estrés va implícito en la vida del estudiante de Medicina, donde la organización y las técnicas de estudio son importantes. Recomendamos impartir talleres sobre manejo del tiempo y técnicas de estudio. Abstract in english Introduction: Medical student may be subjected to high levels of daily stress, which can result in a number of mental disorders. We investigate the perception of first semester students of Medicine, their parents and teachers, on the stressors in their daily lives. Method: A questionnaire was design [...] ed and validated by experts and with this self-assessment questionnaire several students, professors of medicine and parents were interviewed, and data triangulated. As a qualitative research methodology, systematic "Grounded Theory" was chosen; reaching saturation of categories, and text was then coded and categorized (open coding). Result: Most respondents, both students, parents and teachers, think that high level stress occurs in case one do not have organized learning habits including time management, self-discipline, and effort. Conclusions: Stress is implicit in the life of a medical student, where organization and study skills are important. We recommend giving workshops on time management and study skills.

  8. Exploring education for digital librarians meaning, modes and models

    CERN Document Server

    Myburgh, Sue

    2013-01-01

    Exploring Education for Digital Librarians provides a refreshing perspective on the discipline and profession of Library and Information Science (LIS), with a focus on preparing students for careers as librarians who can deal with present and future digital information environments. A re-examination of the knowledge base of the field, combined with a proposed theoretical structure for LIS, provide the basis for this work, which also examines competencies for practice as well as some of the international changes in the nature of higher education. The authors finally suggest a model that could b

  9. Exploring new roles for librarians the research informationist

    CERN Document Server

    Federer, Lisa

    2014-01-01

    Librarians have been providing support to researchers for many years, typically with a focus on responding to researchers' needs for access to the existing literature. However, librarians' skills and expertise make them uniquely suited to provide a wide range of assistance to researchers across the entire research process, from conception of the research question to archiving of collected data at the project's conclusion. In response to increasingly stringent demands on researchers to share their data, and as computationally intensive and primarily data-driven scientific methods begin to take

  10. Intrinsic Motivation of Librarians in University Libraries in Karnataka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.Y. Mallaiah,

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses major implications for intrinsic motivation and managerial process in university libraries. The study is based on the primary data collected from 15 university librarians in Karnataka through a pre-tested, structured, comprehensive questionnaire with a response rate of 100 per cent. It paper reports on the intrinsic motivation of librarians in the university libraries of Karnataka in respect of their job, job environment and organization in addition to identifying and analysing the key individual, work and organizational characteristics influencing their performance expectations. It is hoped that this paper will help library administrators in managing library personnel both effectively and efficiently.

  11. The flipped classroom: practices and opportunities for health sciences librarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youngkin, C Andrew

    2014-01-01

    The "flipped classroom" instructional model is being introduced into medical and health sciences curricula to provide greater efficiency in curriculum delivery and produce greater opportunity for in-depth class discussion and problem solving among participants. As educators employ the flipped classroom to invert curriculum delivery and enhance learning, health sciences librarians are also starting to explore the flipped classroom model for library instruction. This article discusses how academic and health sciences librarians are using the flipped classroom and suggests opportunities for this model to be further explored for library services. PMID:25316072

  12. American Journal of Botany at 90: a librarian perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pellack, Lorraine J

    2004-12-01

    The American Journal of Botany (AJB) is available on the shelves of most college and university libraries in the U.S., as well as in many faculty offices, and in research libraries affiliated with botanical gardens. This article presents information on how librarians view AJB, the role that scientific associations play in the perceived quality of the journals they publish, the unique nature of botany literature (compared to other sciences), AJB as a core journal, and a general discussion of the factors that influence librarians decisions when deciding to cancel a subscription or keep a journal in their collection. PMID:21652342

  13. The Laughing Librarian A History of American Library Humor

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Jeanette C

    2012-01-01

    Despite the stodgy stereotypes, libraries and librarians themselves can be quite funny. The spectrum of library humor from sources inside and outside the profession ranges from the subtle wit of the New Yorker to the satire of Mad. This examination of American library humor over the past 200 years covers a wide range of topics and spans the continuum between light and dark, from parodies to portrayals of libraries and their staffs as objects of fear. It illuminates different types of librarians--the collector, the organization person, the keeper, the change agent--and explores stereotypes like

  14. COOPERATION BETWEEN TEACHER AND PATIENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Egidija NOVLJAN

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available The cooperation between the teacher and parents is very sensitive and significant field in context of promotion the development of the disabled children.With that in this article are elaborate many questions connected with successful communication between the teacher and parents. In the some time we have been engrossed in factors which made obstruct in communication, the tasks and the large register of the forms of cooperation in which are build in the huge experience come by former practice.

  15. Questions and Answers about Sex (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... parents sit kids down for that all-important "birds and bees" talk? The "big talk" is a ... Topics addressed in sex-ed class can include anatomy, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and pregnancy. What teachers ...

  16. The Parents' Choice Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parents of young people today may find it difficult to sort the proverbial wheat from the chaff when it comes to locating and evaluating quality educational activities and entertainment for their children. Fortunately there is the Parents' Choice Foundation, which (since 1978) has served as a non-partisan evaluator of children's books, videos, toys, audio products, computer software, television, and magazines. Each year, the foundation releases lists of its recommended products, based on the opinions of teachers, parents, and, appropriately, young people themselves. The criteria for selection is quite rigorous, as the judges are looking for products that honor universal human values, teach with flair, stimulate imagination, inspire creativity, and above all do not "extol violence." On the website, visitors can examine lists of these products dating back to 1995, read about the current award winners, and examine themed reading lists, such as those dealing with science fiction and those designed especially with compel young boys to develop a love of reading.

  17. The Teacher's Role in Facilitating a Child's Adjustment to Divorce,

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skeen, Patsy; McKenry, Patrick C.

    1980-01-01

    Provides information enabling teachers to support children and families during divorce. Research and theory concerning the effects of divorce on children, parenting through divorce, and the role of the school are summarized. Practical suggestions for the teacher are presented, and relevant books for children, teachers, and parents are identified.…

  18. Parenting Conflicts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Listen Español Text Size Email Print Share Parenting Conflicts Article Body My spouse and I have different ... making responsibilities are divided within the family. Overt Conflict Too often, parents argue and openly challenge each ...

  19. Hard to Reach Parents or Hard to Reach Schools? A Discussion of Home-School Relations, with Particular Reference to Bangladeshi and Pakistani Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crozier, Gill; Davies, Jane

    2007-01-01

    In the authors' research with Pakistani and Bangladeshi heritage parents, some teachers, head teachers and other educational professionals referred to the South Asian parents as "hard to reach". Whilst it was clear from the parents that they were not very, and in some cases not at all, involved in their children's schools and knew little about the…

  20. The Value of School Librarian Support in the Digital World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballew, Linda M.

    2014-01-01

    The mission of school librarians in the digital age of information gathering and messaging has not undergone any real change of focus. Even though the tools and methods available for accessing information have significantly altered the way people now use library services, school libraries remain a constant place to make valuable discoveries. The…

  1. Doing Social Media So It Matters: A Librarian's Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Laura

    2010-01-01

    Facebook, Twitter, MySpace, LinkedIn: it's difficult enough to keep abreast of social media Web sites, let alone understand how they fit into today's library. This practical resource brings together current information on the topic in a concise format that's easy to digest. Laura Solomon is a librarian with more than a decade of experience in Web…

  2. Taking Care of Yourself: Stress and the Librarian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spencer, Roxanne Myers

    2013-01-01

    Stress is a part of our working lives and is not likely to decrease in tomorrow's workplace. A difficult economy, downsizing, taking on additional responsibilities without assistance or additional pay--all are taking their toll on our physical, mental, and emotional well-being. Community college librarians can often feel isolated as the only…

  3. The Librarian as Adult Educator in the Learning Resources Center.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plummer, Ronald J.

    1983-01-01

    Examines the historic interrelationship between libraries and adult education in light of the major personalities, events and forces affecting the relationship. Reports on interviews conducted at five learning resource centers (LRC's) regarding the development of the LRC and the librarian's role as adult educator. (DMM)

  4. Librarian Recruitment Process at Home in the Wired Nation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nesbeitt, Sarah

    2003-01-01

    Discusses the trend toward online recruitment for librarians and describes a survey of library employees who had posted jobs online. Topics include reasons for online job postings; where positions were advertised, including types of Web sites and print media; electronic communication and emailed resumes; and the future of online recruitment. (LRW)

  5. A Solo Hospital Librarian's Experience in Clinical Informatics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miles, Alisha

    2015-01-01

    This column reviews some of a solo librarian's experiences that led to involvement with the hospital Clinical Informatics Team. This included work on the electronic health record (EHR), computerized physician order entry (CPOE) system, development of order sets, and participation in the Physician Technology Committee. PMID:25927515

  6. Learning Style Dimensions and Professional Characteristics of Academic Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinehart, Amanda; Sharkey, Jennifer; Kahl, Chad

    2015-01-01

    Do librarians with different characteristics, such as type of work responsibilities or age, have different learning styles? The authors analyzed results from over 1,500 responses to a version of the Index of Learning Styles (ILS) questionnaire based on the Felder-Silverman Learning Styles model. This model consists of eight dimensions paired on…

  7. Complete Copyright for K-12 Librarians and Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Russell, Carrie

    2012-01-01

    School librarians and educators have specific copyright questions that are often glossed over in larger books on the subject. Now, thanks to best-selling copyright authority Carrie Russell, there's a resource just for them, offering clear guidance for providing materials to students while carefully observing copyright law. Using whimsical…

  8. De bibliotecas médicas y bibliotecarios / From medical libraries and librarians

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Esther, Mayor Guerra; Elaine, Duperet Cabrera; Ileana, Castillo Asensio.

    2079-20-01

    Full Text Available Se brinda una panorámica sobre el origen del Día del Bibliotecario Cubano, el surgimiento de las bibliotecas en Cuba, y la evolución histórica y situación actual de la primera biblioteca médica de la provincia de Santiago de Cuba, con énfasis en la labor de sus bibliotecarias desde su apertura hasta [...] la fecha. Asimismo se abordan aspectos relacionados con los servicios ofrecidos en las bibliotecas de ciencias de la salud y las competencias que deben poseer sus bibliotecarios y documentalistas en el siglo XXI. Finalmente, se expresa el reconocimiento a aquellos compañeros que con tanto amor y dedicación iniciaron esta actividad, y facilitaron a los profesionales de ciencias de la salud del territorio el acceso a la información. Abstract in english An overview is provided of the origin of the Cuban Librarian´s Day, the emergence of libraries in Cuba, and the historical development and current situation of the first medical library in Santiago de Cuba province, with emphasis in the work of its librarians from their opening to date. Also aspects [...] related to the services offered in the libraries of the health sciences and the competences that its librarians and documentalists should have in the XXI century are discussed. Finally, the recognition is expressed to those partners who began this activity with so much love and dedication, and they facilitated the professionals of health sciences of the territory the access to the information.

  9. Job Satisfaction of Academic Librarians: A Review of Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirfakhrai, Mohammad H.

    This literature review on job satisfaction of academic librarians is divided into two sections. The first section deals with the conceptual framework which includes two theoretical approaches to job satisfaction. These theories include Maslow's Needs Hierarchy Theory and Herzberg's Two-Factor (Motivation/Hygiene) Theory. Criticisms of these…

  10. Collaborations between Librarians and Faculty in a Digital Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Melissa

    2010-01-01

    If Google represents the first flicker of information technology, the development of additional tools has continued to enhance access to information but with the unfortunate downside of decreasing information literacy. Todd Gilman, librarian for literature in English at Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library, decries the resulting disconnect…

  11. The Newly Embedded Librarian: Pharmacy Information Liaison Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Jennifer R.

    2010-01-01

    Embedded librarianship has emerged as one approach to meeting the ever-evolving information needs of our clients. The University of Arizona Health Sciences Library has endeavored to become more proactive by embedding librarians within each of the four colleges it serves. Although the process of establishing visibility, recognition, and developing…

  12. School Librarian's Bill of Responsibilities and the ALA Core Competences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogel, Gayle

    2009-01-01

    In January 2009, the American Library Association (ALA) completed a ten-year reexamination of the core competences needed by professional librarians graduating from ALA-accredited institutions. The ALA's "Core Competences of Librarianship" encompass the basic knowledge expected of all graduates in all specializations. The core beliefs and policies…

  13. How to Be an E[superscript 3] Librarian

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMillen, Paula; Fabbi, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    Embedded librarianship is a relatively new term but is a fairly well-established stance in academic librarianship. While the terminology has certainly spawned new activities and vigorous new channels of communication, few are talking about the strategies for expanding and enhancing the position of the librarian and libraries organizationally once…

  14. Institutional Repositories : utilizing the skills of subject librarians

    OpenAIRE

    Groenewald, Hettie; Smith, Ina

    2008-01-01

    This paper is all about the impact of an institutional repository on the roles of the subject librarian, the traditional cataloguer, the IT staff, and what can be expected from the research community. All these are important to the success of implementing an institutional repository.

  15. The Self-Perceived Status of School Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritchie, Cristina Sacco

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated how school librarians perceive their status within the school by looking at factors suggested by the literature as either impacting on, or impacted by, status: their relationships with their colleagues and supervisors, their role within the school, job satisfaction, and views on their careers and their training. Most…

  16. Back-To-The-Land: Self-Help for Librarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wismer, Don

    This guide to the basic literature on self sufficient living presents current selection tools for use by public librarians. Sections are narrative and describe a newspaper, a magazine, a specialized publishing company, out-of-print sources, government publications, a specialized lending library, and miscellaneous publications. (KP)

  17. Librarians as Hunter-Gatherers: Lessons Learned from an Excursion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Mindy M.

    2013-01-01

    Fueled by the pressing need for electronic resource usage statistics, librarians are finding themselves being thrust into the role of hunter-gatherer. This article discusses the work done at University Library at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis to provide usage statistics for all its paid subscriptions for a 3-year period. The…

  18. Librarians, Librarianship and "The Uses of Literacy": A Review Article

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usherwood, Bob

    2009-01-01

    First published in 1957, following a battle with nervous lawyers, "The Uses of Literacy" is recognized as one of the founding texts of cultural studies. Its critique of mass culture reverberated far beyond that discipline. It influenced the librarians of the day who were beginning to think about issues of class and consider their services in a…

  19. The Role of the Acquisitions Librarian in Electronic Resources Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pomerantz, Sarah B.

    2010-01-01

    With the ongoing shift to electronic formats for library resources, acquisitions librarians, like the rest of the profession, must adapt to the rapidly changing landscape of electronic resources by keeping up with trends and mastering new skills related to digital publishing, technology, and licensing. The author sought to know what roles…

  20. Blurred Lines: The School Librarian and the Instructional Technology Specialist

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, Melissa P.

    2015-01-01

    "Empowering Learners: Guidelines for School Library Media Programs" (AASL, 2009) charges school librarians "to play a leading role in weaving such skills throughout the curriculum so that all members of the school community are effective users of ideas and information" (p. 46). Providing leadership in technology integration for…

  1. Technology mediator: a new role for the reference librarian?

    OpenAIRE

    Howse, David K; Bracke, Paul J; Keim, Samuel M

    2006-01-01

    The Arizona Health Sciences Library has collaborated with clinical faculty to develop a federated search engine that is useful for meeting real-time clinical information needs. This article proposes a technology mediation role for the reference librarian that was inspired by the project, and describes the collaborative model used for developing technology-mediated services for targeted users.

  2. Technology mediator: a new role for the reference librarian?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howse, David K; Bracke, Paul J; Keim, Samuel M

    2006-01-01

    The Arizona Health Sciences Library has collaborated with clinical faculty to develop a federated search engine that is useful for meeting real-time clinical information needs. This article proposes a technology mediation role for the reference librarian that was inspired by the project, and describes the collaborative model used for developing technology-mediated services for targeted users. PMID:17040566

  3. End User Searching and Its Implications for Librarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ojala, Marydee

    1985-01-01

    This essay addresses the trend in online searching toward increased end user access of online systems. Highlights include recent developments in end user searching (raw materials, marketing, recognition); appropriate end user searches; psychology of end user searching; the role of the librarians; library policies; and change. Four sources are…

  4. The Home Visit: Creating Connections & Building Relationships with Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Melody

    2015-01-01

    One of the most important things teachers do is to create relationships and connections with the children and parents with whom they work. The strength of the individual relationships teachers have with parents and children affects the daily interactions with them and can act as a foundation later if difficult situations arise. Home visits (for…

  5. Embracing Asperger's: A Primer for Parents and Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bromfield, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Parents and teachers of children with Asperger's know only too well the feeling that they are not quite reaching the child, not quite hearing or getting it, not communicating just right, or at all. Offering rich insights into what Asperger's is like for the child himself or herself, this compassionate book will empower parents and teachers,…

  6. Teacher Professionalism since "A Nation at Risk"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grady, Michael P.; Helbling, Kristine C.; Lubeck, Dennis R.

    2008-01-01

    Many teachers perceive an erosion of their professionalism since "A Nation at Risk" appeared, and they have felt that erosion accelerating since the enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act. Myriad factors contribute to this climate so contrary to teacher professionalism: poor funding, poor parenting, overstuffed classrooms, low-quality teachers,…

  7. Research group librarian – a cooperating partner in research?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidi Kristin Olsen

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Academic libraries encounter many challenges when providing services for researchers and it is evident that use of the library in information searches has reduced significantly over time and continues to decrease.However, a study in Norway in 2007, at Vestfold University College (VUC, demonstrated that there is great potential to increase faculty staff’s use of the library’s digital resources with the right form of engagement. The findings led VUC’s library to focus on its services for this particular user group.In 2009, VUC library initiated a study to investigate the possible effects of a librarian participating as a ‘Research Group Librarian’.The research project, in which this new role was tried out, was called ‘Kindergarten space, materiality, learning and meaning-making’. This was a three year project, funded by the Research Council of Norway. There were eight part time researchers involved in this project, two senior researchers and the research group librarian.The study adopted an ethnographic approach. The research group librarian was a fully participating member of the research team throughout the project.The empirical sources for the study included:semi-structured interviews with the project leader and the participating researchers: short individual interviews at the beginning of the project with each of the research group participants; several group interviews with the majority of the research team midway in the project;observation and field notesThe results are presented under the following categories:implications for the researcher; emphasising behaviour in relation to information search and reference management skills;communication and information within, and evolving from, the project;collaboration in writing a review article;implications for the library – internal, and at VUC in general;the librarian’s role – a ‘boundary worker’?The study demonstrated that as a member of a research group a librarian can have positive impact on the researchers’ work. Appropriate library services become more distinct. Ideas for new library services for the user group evolve and develop naturally during the engagement process.Although this is a minor study and insufficient to make generalisations, the findings are interesting and worth considering in the further development of academic library services for faculty staff and researchers.

  8. Academic Library Administrators Perceive Value in Their Librarians’ Research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elaine Sullo

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A Review of: Perkins, G.H. & Slowik, A.J.W. (2013. The value of research in academic libraries. College & Research Libraries, 74(2, 143-158. Retrieved from http://crl.acrl.org/content/74/2/143.full.pdf+html Abstract Objective – To explore academic library administrators’ perceived value of their librarians’ research, specifically the importance to the profession and the library community. Design – Qualitative, exploratory study using a survey questionnaire. Setting – Academic libraries in the United States of America. Subjects – 23 library administrators. Methods – During the summer of 2010, one of the authors conducted 20-30 minute telephone interviews with 23 academic library administrators. Interviews were recorded and transcribed for coding. Interview questions 1-3 and 8-19 were content-analyzed; the authors described common themes for each of these questions. Items 4-7 had Likert scale response formats, and a mean and standard deviation were computed for each of these items. Main Results – The benefits of librarians’ research included fulfilling tenure-track requirements, enriching relationships with teaching faculty, library faculty recognition, improved services and programs, collaboration with others, research result application to daily issues, development as librarians, and improved knowledge of the research field. The perceived current changes and future issues for university libraries included increased digitization of collections, scholarly communication, and expanded instructional engagement of faculty and students, as well as future economic downturn and budget cuts. Administrators noted several methods that influenced their thinking: professional meetings, reading professional journals, informal discussions with colleagues, and social media such as Facebook and Twitter. Academic library administrators used a variety of methods to support their librarians’ research. These included tenure-track requirements, research incentives, travel funds, grants, sabbaticals, release time, and shared communication about research. Additionally, there was a substantial perceived interrelationship between how librarians’ research benefited the librarian, the library, the university, and the profession. Recognition and new programs and services were thought to benefit all four areas, and monetary rewards were considered benefits for the first three areas. Conclusion – Based on the sample of 23 academic library administrators, the authors conclude that librarians’ research is perceived as valuable to both the academic and library communities.

  9. Ranking Teachers when Teacher Value-Added is Heterogeneous Across Students

    OpenAIRE

    Stacy, Brian

    2014-01-01

    The typical measure used by researchers and school administrators to evaluate teachers is based on how the students' achievement increases after being exposed to the teacher, or based on the teacher's "value-added''. When teacher value-added is heterogeneous across her students, the typically used measure reflects differences in the average value-added the teacher provides. However, researchers, administrators, and parents may care not just about the average value-added, but also its dispersi...

  10. Parent Predictors of Changes in Child Behavior Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Tichovolsky, Marianne H.; Arnold, David H.; Baker, Courtney N.

    2013-01-01

    The present study examined whether ineffective discipline, single parent status, social support, parent involvement, and parent depression predicted changes in preschoolers’ (N = 129) behavior problems. This study also evaluated whether child sex and ethnicity moderated the relationships between these variables and changes in problem behavior. Parents completed questionnaires at the beginning of the study, and parent, teacher, and observational ratings of children’s behavior problems were...

  11. Improving Student Performance through Parent Involvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steventon, Candace E.

    A personalized parenting program was implemented to address poor academic performance and low self-esteem of high school students. Student records, the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, the Behavior Evaluation Scale, and teacher surveys were employed to identify and measure academic and/or self-perception growth. Parents participated in an 8-week…

  12. What Do Librarians Think about Marketing? A Survey of Public Librarians' Attitudes toward the Marketing of Library Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shontz, Marilyn L.; Parker, Jon C.; Parker, Richard

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify attitudes of public librarians toward the marketing of library services and relate these attitudes to selected independent variables. A questionnaire was mailed to individual members of the New Jersey Library Association. Although most of the respondents had generally positive attitudes toward library…

  13. Connecting with Parents at Home

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henke, Linda

    2011-01-01

    In Maplewood Richmond Height, Missouri, the Teacher Home Visit Program has become a crucial component of the district's success. At the end of the first semester of the 2010-11 school year, discipline referrals were down 45 percent, and parent attendance at each school's first open house was up by almost 20 percent. Attendance is nudging up as…

  14. Parental Influence on Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: I. Relationships Between Parent Behaviors and Child Peer Status

    OpenAIRE

    Mikami, Amori Yee; Jack, Allison; Emeh, Christina C.; Stephens, Haley F.

    2010-01-01

    We examined associations between children's peer relationships and (a) their parents' social competence as well as (b) their parents' behaviors during the children's peer interactions. Participants were families of 124 children ages 6–10 (68% male), 62 with ADHD and 62 age- and sex-matched comparison youth. Children's peer relationships were assessed via parent and teacher report, and sociometric nominations in a lab-based playgroup. Parental characteristics were assessed via parent self-re...

  15. Masters of Weaving: The Complex Role of Special Education Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillel Lavian, Rivka

    2015-01-01

    Special education teachers work under more difficult, more intense, and more demanding conditions than mainstream teachers. Relations between teachers, pupils, and parents are more complex than in mainstream education due to the intensity, intimacy, vulnerability, and commitment involved. Teachers require special skills so they can practice…

  16. Thoughts on the construction of subject librarian team in specialized libraries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The meaning and responsibility of subject Librarian are introduced in brief, after that the necessity of that is expatiated. Establishing and improving the subject librarian system are necessary to knowledge innovation in the era of knowledge economy and are useful to service innovation and improving the quality and level of information service in specialized libraries. Against the background of information age, as well special requirements on subject librarian in specialized libraries, focus and difficulties of construction of subject librarian team are analysed, the viewpoint that construction of subject librarian team should be gradual sis proposed, and two kinds of ways will coexist in a long term. Fist, to be competent for the work of subject librarian librarians in-service should be selected to pursue second degree. Second, full-time or part-time professional should be employed to cooperate with librarians, finally, supporting measures of subject librarian team are expatiated, that is to improve the treatment of subject librarian, to establish an effective management mechanism, and to establish a business training system. (author)

  17. Attachment parenting

    OpenAIRE

    Ambroži?, Ana

    2011-01-01

    In the thesis I described the characteristics of attachment parenting. This is a way of education, which promotes breast-feeding, baby carrying, responding to his crying, joint sleeping, positive discipline and maintaining balance in the family. In the empirical part I presented the results of a research, which was used to find out what positions and educational principles have parents at the early stage and to what extent the educational practices base on principles of attachment parenting. ...

  18. Helping Parents Make the Most of Shared Book Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Partridge, Heather A.

    2004-01-01

    This article presents practical, research-based strategies for parents to use when reading with their child. The intended audience is classroom teachers and reading specialists who work with parents of the children they teach. Each strategy provides supporting research, followed by a description of how the strategy can be implemented by parents.…

  19. Meet Mr. and Mrs. Gen X: A New Parent Generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, Neil

    2010-01-01

    Slowly but surely, Generation Xers have been taking over from Baby Boomers as the majority of parents in elementary and secondary education. In the early 1990s, Gen Xers began joining parent-teacher associations in the nation's elementary schools. Around 2005, they became the majority of middle school parents. By the fall of 2008, they took over…

  20. Preparing Teachers To Work with Families: A National Survey of Teacher Education Programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broussard, C. Anne

    2000-01-01

    National survey of teacher education programs examined how they prepared teachers to work with families. Most programs did not emphasize teachers working with families, use family friendly language in their missions, or require students to take courses that focused on enhancing parent participation. Despite this, the current state of affairs is…

  1. Health care librarians and information literacy: an investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelham, Charlotte

    2014-09-01

    Until relatively recently, the concept of information literacy, and teaching the skills to enable it, was mainly a concern of academic libraries. Now, it is also seen to be of high importance within the context of health care libraries. Health care libraries and librarians can provide crucial support towards the implementation of evidence-based practice in patient care through both information literacy skills training and by conducting mediated searches on behalf of health care practitioners. This article reports the findings from an investigation conducted by Charlotte Kelham as part of her MA in Librarianship from the University of Sheffield. Her dissertation investigated how health care librarians understand the concept of information literacy, the implications of this for their role and their perceptions around how their role is valued. Charlotte graduated from Sheffield in 2013 and is currently job hunting. AM. PMID:25155981

  2. Distance Education as a New Possibility for Librarians in Estonia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirje Virkus

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Since Estonia regained its independence in 1991, essential technical, economic, political and social changes have taken place here. All sectors of our economy require greater access to information than ever before. Complex changes are also facing libraries, librarians and education in Estonia. The systematic transition to modern information technology in Estonian libraries started in 1992 when a plan for establishing information system for libraries was worked out. According to the Plan, basic technology will be converted to modern information technology during the period 1996-2005. As a result of that plan 1500 workplaces with modern information technology will be established in 591 libraries in Estonia. At present there are 1284 libraries in Estonia, among them 604 public libraries, 745 school libraries, 141 special and research libraries. There are 3135 librarians working in Estonian libraries, of whom 48% are professionally educated. To define continuing education needs, a special questionnaire was used by the Estonian Librarians Association (ELA among the members of ELA in February 1996. Almost 300 librarians answered the questionnaire. The analysis of the results showed that education and training is needed mostly in the fields based on modern information technology. According to the results of the questionnaire and the development plan for Estonian libraries mentioned above, the demand for continuing professional education for library and information professionals with the knowledge and skills of modern information technology exists and will increase significantly. In order to help information professionals to keep abreast of the rapidly changing environment and to cope with growing continuing education needs, the Centre for Information Work was established within the Department of Information Studies at the Tallinn Pedagogical University (TPU in June 1995. In addition to traditional face-to-face courses, distance education as a new form and method of education has been implemented in the Centre.

  3. Career Advancement and Writing about Women Librarians: A Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Kathleen DeLong

    2013-01-01

    Objective – This review of the literature provides a framework for understanding the professional experiences of women library directors in academic libraries. It focuses uponcareer advancement and writing about women librarians in the United States and Canada from the 1930s to 2012.Methods – Databases from the disciplines of library science and business and management, including the larger social sciences, were searched for references to sources that dealt with career advancement and pro...

  4. Academic Library Administrators Perceive Value in Their Librarians’ Research

    OpenAIRE

    Elaine Sullo

    2014-01-01

    A Review of: Perkins, G.H. & Slowik, A.J.W. (2013). The value of research in academic libraries. College & Research Libraries, 74(2), 143-158. Retrieved from http://crl.acrl.org/content/74/2/143.full.pdf+html Abstract Objective – To explore academic library administrators’ perceived value of their librarians’ research, specifically the importance to the profession and the library community. Design – Qualitative, exploratory study using a survey questionnaire. S...

  5. When children affect parents: Children's academic performance and parental investment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yurk Quadlin, Natasha

    2015-07-01

    Sociologists have extensively documented the ways that parent resources predict children's achievement. However, less is known about whether and how children's academic performance shapes parental investment behaviors. I use data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K) and longitudinal fixed effects models to examine how changes in teacher assessments are related to changes in the conferral of various parent resources. Overall, I find that the relationship between achievement and investment varies based on the directionality in children's achievement and the type of resource at hand. Children whose performance improves receive a broad range of enrichment resources, while declines in performance are met with corrective educational resources. Results are largely consistent whether language or math assessments are used to predict investment, and also among children whose achievement does not change over time. I discuss these patterns, along with implications for the use of parent resources in education and family research. PMID:26004488

  6. Parental Responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bain, Katrin

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Parental responsibility can be broadly defined as a legal term that specifies rights and responsibilities of parents towards their children. It is usually given initially to the birth mother and the married father, though unmarried fathers can obtain it either with the agreement of the mother or through a court order. In accordance with the provisions in law the court can also transfer parental responsibility to other persons (e.g. adoptive parents or in cases of child abuse or neglect to the state, represented by local authority social services. While the concept of parental responsibility can be found in most countries, the exact terminology varies from one country to another, as well as over time.

  7. New measures for new roles: defining and measuring the current practices of health sciences librarians

    OpenAIRE

    Scherrer, Carol S.; Jacobson, Susan

    2002-01-01

    The roles of academic health sciences librarians are continually evolving as librarians initiate new programs and services in response to developments in computer technology and user demands. However, statistics currently collected by libraries do not accurately reflect or measure these new roles. It is essential for librarians to document, measure, and evaluate these new activities to continue to meet the needs of users and to ensure the viability of their professional role. To determine wha...

  8. A Study on the Development of Curriculum Track for Civil Service Librarian

    OpenAIRE

    Younghee Noh

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this study is to improve the competitiveness of professional librarians in society. To this end, we analyzed domestic and international LIS curriculum, determined demand from field librarians through a survey, carried out job analysis by library types, and developed an operating model for LIS curriculum by synthesizing all of these results. Finally, we suggested a course of study for civil service librarians based on this model. As a result, the six required courses for civil serv...

  9. Digital Native Academic Librarians, Technology Skills, and Their Relationship with Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Emanuel, Jenny; University of Illinois

    2013-01-01

    A new generation of academic librarians, who are a part of the Millennial Generation born between 1982 and 2001 are now of the age to either be in graduate school or embarking on their careers. This paper, as part of a larger study examining Millennial academic librarians, their career selection, their attitudes, and their technology skills, looks specifically at the technology skills and attitudes towards technology among a group of young librarians and library school students.  The author i...

  10. Rethinking Roles: Librarians and Faculty Collaborate to Develop Students’ Information Literacy

    OpenAIRE

    Diane VanderPol; Swanson Westminster College United States, Emily A. B.

    2013-01-01

    Librarians at Westminster College developed and implemented a yearlong faculty and staff professional development experience using ACRL’s “Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education” as a framework. Traditionally, fostering student mastery of selected standards is perceived as the librarians’ job while other standards are thought to fall primarily under the purview of the teaching faculty. In particular, librarians are hesitant to address some of the more complex l...

  11. Employers’ Perspectives on Future Roles and Skills Requirements for Australian Health Librarians

    OpenAIRE

    Cheryl Hamill; Melanie Kammermann; Catherine Clark; Ann Ritchie; Gillian Hallam; Suzanne Lewis; Patrick O'Connor

    2011-01-01

    Objective – This study, which comprises one stage of a larger project (ALIA/HLA Workforce and Education Research Project), aimed to discover employers’ views on how (or whether) health librarians assist in achieving the mission-critical goals of their organizations; how health librarians contribute to the organization now and into the future; and what are the current and future skills requirements of health librarians.Methods – Each member of the project group approached between one and...

  12. Journey through Fantasy Literature: A Resource Guide for Teachers. Volume I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrin, Roberta T., Ed.; Davis, Sarah K., Ed.

    Chronicling a year-long project to study fantasy literature, this book presents essays, teaching units, student writing, and "jack tales." The project chronicled in the book consisted of a 3-week intensive study program for librarians and teachers of grades 2 through 7 throughout the Appalachian region, followed up by two more meetings during the…

  13. Journey through Fantasy Literature: A Resource Guide for Teachers. Volume II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herrin, Roberta T., Ed.; Davis, Sarah K., Ed.

    Chronicling a year-long project to study fantasy literature, this book presents essays, teaching units, student writing models, and "jack tales." The project chronicled in the book consisted of a 4-week intensive study program for librarians and teachers of grades 2 through 7 throughout the Appalachian region, followed up by two more meetings…

  14. Teacher-School Library Media Specialist Collaboration through Social Marketing Strategies: An Information Behavior Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Immroth, Barbara; Lukenbill, W. Bernard

    2007-01-01

    This research was supported in part though an IMLS Kent State University Grant supporting Information Literacy. Based on the importance of teacher-school library media specialist collaboration, this study seeks to advance knowledge involving the dynamics of this special relationship. The subjects were a group of student librarians--themselves…

  15. Parental Self-Confidence, Parenting Styles, and Corporal Punishment in Families of ADHD Children in Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alizadeh, Hamid; Applequist, Kimberly F.; Coolidge, Frederick L.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: This study examines the relationship between parental self-confidence, warmth, and involvement, and corporal punishment in families of children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: The diagnosis of ADHD was established through clinical interviews with the parents, children, and teachers, according the criteria…

  16. Academic health sciences librarians' contributions to institutional animal care and use committees*†

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steelman, Susan C.

    2014-01-01

    The study gathered data about librarians' membership in institutional animal care and use committees (IACUCs) and their professional activities supporting animal researchers. Libraries affiliated with medical schools that were members of the Association of American Medical Colleges were surveyed. A survey was distributed via library directors' email discussion lists and direct email messages. Sixty surveys were completed: 35 (58%) reported that librarians performed database searches for researchers, and 22 (37%) reported that a librarian currently serves on the IACUC. The survey suggests that academic health sciences librarians provide valuable, yet underutilized, services to support animal research investigators. PMID:25031565

  17. Fortalezas y dificultades para el ajuste emocional en niños aymara desde la perspectiva de los menores, padres y profesores / Strengths and difficulties in emotional adjustment of Aymara children from the perspective of children, parents and teachers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alejandra, Caqueo-Uríar; Alfonso, Urzúa M; Rodrigo, Ferrer U; Francisco, Zúñiga M; Cristián, Palma F; Jorge, Escudero B.

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Describir capacidades y dificultades en el ajuste emocional experimentadas por niños aymara residentes en la ciudad chilena de Arica. Pacientes y M étodo: Se encuestó a 610 alumnos de 5° a 8° año de Enseñanza General Básica de la ciudad de Arica, además de sus padres y profesores, mediante [...] el Cuestionario de Capacidades y Dificultades (SDQ), comparando a niños aymara con aquellos sin ascendencia indígena. Se evaluaron 25 ítems divididos en 5 escalas: emocional, problemas de comportamiento, hiperactividad, problemas de relación con pares y conductas prosociales, clasificando a los encuestados en tres niveles, Normal, Límite o Anormal. Resultados: No hubo diferencias poblacionales relevantes en las dimensiones del SDQ entre grupos estudiados, donde las discrepancias en prácticamente todos los casos muestran un efecto leve (d ? |0,2|). Tampoco se observaron efectos poblacionales relevantes respecto del tipo de evaluador sobre la valoración de cada dimensión. Pese a esto, cabe señalar que niños aymara mostraron una menor puntuación que sus pares en "problemas de comportamiento" según sus profesores, pero dicha interacción poblacional también fue leve (?² parcial > 0,01). Conclusiones: Niños aymara mostraron fortalezas y dificultades similares a las de sus pares no aymara ante situaciones que requieren ajuste emocional. Abstract in english Objective: To describe capabilities and difficulties in emotional adjustment experienced by children living in the Chilean Aymara city of Arica. Patients and Method: 610 students between 5th and 8th grade, in addition to their parents and teachers were surveyed using the Strengths and Difficulties Q [...] uestionnaire (SDQ), comparing Aymara children to those without indigenous heritage. 25 items divided into five scales were evaluated: Emotional, behavioral problems, hyperactivity, relationship problems with peers and prosocial behaviors, classifying the respondents into three levels, Normal, Border and Abnormal. Results: There were no significant differences among the groups studied, where discrepancies in almost all cases show a slight effect (d ? |0.2|). Also, no relevant effects were observed regarding the type of assessor on the assessment of each dimension. Despite this, it was observed that Aymara children showed lower scores than their peers in "behavioral problems" according to their teachers, but this difference was also mild (partial ?2> 0.01). Conclusions: Aymara Children showed similar strengths and difficulties than non-Aymara students in situations that require emotional adjustment.

  18. Effective Parenting

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Dating & Sex Fitness Nutrition Safety School Substance Abuse Young Adult: 18-21 yrs. Healthy Living Nutrition Fitness Sports ... more peer relationships, too, and his interactions with siblings may change. How well are you parenting your ...

  19. Development of the Parental Academic Support Scale: Frequency, Importance, and Modes of Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Blair; Mazer, Joseph P.

    2012-01-01

    Parent-teacher communication represents a primary form of parental support, a phenomenon meriting significant attention given the connections between support and academic achievement (Thompson, 2008b). A series of studies advance the Parental Academic Support Scale (PASS) to assess the frequency, importance, and modes parents use to communicate…

  20. Relations of parenting style to Chinese children’s effortful control, ego resilience, and maladjustment

    OpenAIRE

    Eisenberg, Nancy; Chang, Lei; Ma, Yue; Huang, Xiaorui

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to examine the relations of authoritative parenting and corporal punishment to Chinese first and second graders’ effortful control (EC), impulsivity, ego resilience, and maladjustment, as well as mediating relations. A parent and teacher reported on children’s EC, impulsivity, and ego resilience; parents reported on children’s internalizing symptoms and their own parenting, and teachers and peers reported on children’s externalizing symptoms. Authoritative...

  1. Primary school class teacher's assignments and how teachers are qualified for this role

    OpenAIRE

    Bregar, Maja

    2013-01-01

    The majority of primary school teachers in their careers take a complex role of the class teacher that is defined by a number of laws and by-laws. Class teachers are required to perform pedagogical, administrative and organizational tasks for which they spend more or less time. Pupils and their parents, teaching staff and the principal expect a lot from the class teacher. For this reason, the class teacher needs help in carrying out the tasks. The role of the class teacher requires a lot of t...

  2. Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Bullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zerillo, Christine; Osterman, Karen F

    2011-01-01

    This mixed-methods study examined elementary teachers' perceptions of teacher-student bullying. Grounded in previous research on peer bullying, the study posed several questions: to what extent did teachers perceive bullying of students by other teachers as a serious matter requiring intervention? Did they perceive teacher bullying as more serious…

  3. The School Librarian as Leader: Out of the Middle, into the Foreground

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Wendy Steadman

    2011-01-01

    The school librarian is often described as "leading from the middle," a type of leadership concerned with building consensus and working toward shared goals. But in this day and age, school librarians are realizing they must push the envelope to remain current and relevant. In most buildings they are the only professionals involved with the…

  4. Mobile Devices and Their Use in Library Professional Practice: The Health Librarian and the Ipad

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Vicky; Kumaran, Maha; Lê, Mê-Linh; Murphy, Susan

    2013-01-01

    Mobile devices are being extensively adopted by health sciences faculty, students, and practitioners, but there is little evidence of how this technology is being used by health librarians in their own professional practice. In 2011, health sciences librarians at the University of Saskatchewan undertook a project to familiarize themselves with…

  5. Academic Librarians' Perceptions on Information Literacy: The Israeli Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aharony, Noa; Bronstein, Jenny

    2014-01-01

    Information literacy (IL) is a necessary skill crucial for effective functioning in today's knowledge society. This study seeks to explore Israeli librarians' perspectives toward major components of information literacy. Do librarians find there is a need to redefine the concept? Who do they think should teach it? How do they think Web…

  6. CAPAL: The Formation of a Professional Organization for Canadian Academic Librarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steering Committee, Canadian Association of Professional Academic Librarians

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This article reviews the origins and formation of the Canadian Association of Professional Academic Librarians (CAPAL in 2012, outlines the foundational steps taken to form a national association for academic librarians in 2013, and charts the future goals determined by a growing membership.

  7. Invited Guest or Wedding Crasher?: School Librarians' Involvement in National Initiatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everhart, Nancy

    2010-01-01

    Nationwide education initiatives are underway in various parts of the world, including a push for national curricula in the U.S. and Australia. In Australia, school librarians have been invited guests to provide input into the integration of digital/information literacy across curriculum areas. Conversely, U.S., school librarians crashed the…

  8. Emerging Roles: Key Insights from Librarians in a Massive Open Online Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Michael; Jones, Kyle M. L.

    2015-01-01

    From the cutting edge of innovations in online education comes the MOOC (Massive Open Online Course), a potentially disruptive and transformational mechanism for large-scale learning. What's the role of librarians in a MOOC? What can librarians learn from participating in a large-scale professional development opportunity delivered in an open…

  9. Job Satisfaction among Librarians in English-Language Universities in Quebec.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sierpe, Eino

    1999-01-01

    Spector's Job Satisfaction Survey was used to measure the job satisfaction of librarians in the three English-language universities in the Province of Quebec, Canada. Results showed that though librarians working in these institutions are generally satisfied, they are dissatisfied with communication and operating procedures. The relationship…

  10. [Image] [Image] [Image] [Link] [Link] [Link]: Inaccessible Web Design from the Perspective of a Blind Librarian.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Valerie; Klauber, Julie

    2002-01-01

    Discusses Web design accessibility from the perspective of a librarian who is legally blind. Explains problems encountered with the growing use of graphics as opposed to text-based sites and suggests steps that librarians can take to help make the Web more accessible. (LRW)

  11. National Board Certified School Librarians' Leadership in Technology Integration: Results of a National Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Everhart, Nancy; Mardis, Marcia A.; Johnston, Melissa

    2011-01-01

    In an effort to address the lack of empirical knowledge about the school librarians' role in technology, the Institute for Museum and Library Services funded Project Leadership-in-Action (LIA) to study leadership practices of school librarians. This current grant project includes a survey of the technology integration practices of school…

  12. Reference Librarians at the Reference Desk in a Learning Commons: A Mixed Methods Evaluation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth B.; Moore, Anne C.; Lang, Beth W.

    2008-01-01

    At the University of Massachusetts Amherst's W.E.B. Du Bois Library's Learning Commons, only reference librarians staff the Reference and Research Assistance Desk. Surveys, a focus group, reference question transcriptions, and question-type tallies indicate that this service model is strongly preferred by users and librarians over the previous…

  13. Librarian-Faculty Collaboration on a Library Research Assignment and Module for College Experience Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keyes, Anne; Barbier, Pat

    2013-01-01

    A librarian and faculty member collaborated on creating a library research module for students in the faculty member's college success classes to help them learn the fundamentals of information literacy. Using the assignment "My Ideal Job," the students met four or more times with the librarian in a computer classroom to learn how…

  14. A Study of the Competencies Needed of Entry-Level Academic Health Sciences Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Philbrick, Jodi Lynn

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the professional and personal competencies that entry-level academic health sciences librarians should possess from the perspectives of academic health sciences library directors, library and information sciences (LIS) educators who specialize in educating health sciences librarians, and individuals who…

  15. Library Information Made to Order: An Open Source Project Built for and with Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griggs, Kim

    2009-01-01

    Oregon State University (OSU) libraries, where the author serves as lead programmer, have developed a tool to make it easier for librarians to build and maintain interactive course assignment pages (ICAPs) and subject research guides (SRGs). That tool, Library a la Carte, enables librarians with minimal technical expertise to create dynamic…

  16. Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Knowledge, Use, and Attitudes of Academic Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendrix, Dean

    2007-01-01

    To assess their knowledge, use, and attitudes regarding peer-to-peer (P2P) applications, this study surveyed academic librarians (n = 162) via a mail-in survey. Correlations between the sample characteristics (age, gender, year of MLS, type of library job) and P2P knowledge, use, and attitudes were also explored. Overall, academic librarians

  17. Embedded Librarians: Just-in-Time or Just-in-Case? A Research Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heathcock, Kristin

    2015-01-01

    Embedded librarians in online courses provide a wealth of service and information to students. Though students indicate that these services are valuable, the librarians providing embedded services frequently note that these projects are very time consuming. This study examines the provision of a less time-intensive model of embedded librarianship…

  18. In the Field: An Innovative Role Puts Academic Librarians Right in the Departments They Serve

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Brenda L.; Alexander, Laurie A.

    2007-01-01

    Annette Haines, one of three field librarians at the University of Michigan (UM), traveled to Angouleme, France, with a faculty member to attend an international comic book festival. As the field librarian in the School of Art and Design, Haines was able to learn firsthand what materials professor Phoebe Gloeckner, a well-known graphic novelist,…

  19. A Short Course on Patent Reference for Science and Technology Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shackle, Linda

    2009-01-01

    Now that the full text of patents as well as patent searching tools are available for free on the Internet, every librarian who is responsible for assisting people with science and technology information should have a basic knowledge of this aspect of intellectual property. Whether a school librarian helping children discover the world of…

  20. What Is Librarian 2.0--New Competencies or Interactive Relations? A Library Professional Viewpoint

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huvila, Isto; Holmberg, Kim; Kronqvist-Berg, Maria; Nivakoski, Outi; Widén, Gunilla

    2013-01-01

    Library 2.0 is a change in the way libraries interact with their users. Technological developments on the Web have had a major influence on these changes. The change also places new requirements on librarians' competencies and skills. This research investigates how librarians themselves see this change in terms of their work identity and…

  1. Preparing Science Librarians for Success: An Evaluation of Position Advertisements and Recommendations for Library Science Curricula

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeArmond, A. R.; Oster, A. D.; Overhauser, E. A.; Palos, M. K.; Powell, S. M.; Sago, K. K.; Schelling, L. R.

    2009-01-01

    Science librarianship is a rapidly changing professional specialization that requires unique skills and experiences for science librarians to perform at the highest level. A content analysis of recent job advertisements was conducted to determine the most desirable qualifications for science librarians. It was found that the most frequently cited…

  2. Understanding the Changing Role of Academic Librarians from a Psychological Perspective: A Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shupe, Ellen I.; Pung, Stephanie K.

    2011-01-01

    Although issues related to the role of librarians have long been discussed in the literature on academic librarianship, there has been little attempt to incorporate the extensive psychological theory and research on role-related issues. In the current article we review the empirical literature on the role of librarians, with a particular focus on…

  3. The School Librarian as Program Administrator: Just-in-Time Librarianship

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yates, Steven D.

    2011-01-01

    By applying just-in-time philosophy to today's school libraries, librarians can fulfill the role of program administrator by continuing to provide the resources students and faculty deserve, exactly at their individual points of need. Just-in-time librarianship is a mindset that could prove unsettling for some school librarians. The main facets of…

  4. A Subject Librarian's Guide to Collaborating on E-Science Projects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garritano, Jeremy R.; Carlson, Jake R.

    2009-01-01

    For liaison or subject librarians, entering into the emerging area of providing researchers with data services or partnering with them on cyberinfrastructure projects can be a daunting task. This article will provide some advice as to what to expect and how providing data services can be folded into other liaison duties. New skills for librarians

  5. Increasing Minority Representation in Academic Libraries: The Minority Librarian Intern Program at the Ohio State University.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Jose; Starkus, Kristina

    1994-01-01

    Describes and analyzes Ohio State University's Minority Librarian Intern Program, a two-year post-master's degree internship that was developed to attract underrepresented minority librarians to academic libraries. Publicity and recruitment strategies are discussed, and suggestions to increase minority representation are offered. (Contains 14…

  6. Asian/Pacific Islander Librarians Career Choices: Demographics and Descriptive Analysis ???????????????????????????

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ??????????????? Jianzhong Zhou, Glen Zhou, Allan Zhou, Milan Zhou

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The study first reviews the history of Asian immigrants since 1850s and the significance of the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 on current Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders (AAPI population and demographics in the United States. Then the study summarizes previous research of AAPI librarians and conducts a new survey to inquire the status of AAPI librarians. From 91 completed surveys out of over 600 distributed, the study shows a demographic picture of AAPI librarians and lists factors associated with AAPI librarians’ career choices. In addition, the study compares United States immigration and international student data with MLS conferred by race/ethnicity data in order to predict the future growth of AAPI librarians. The analyses of both data sources show that more international students from Asia are studying in the United States and becoming the United States citizens and residents, but fewer international students and Asian American students, compared with other race/ethnic groups, choose librarianship as a career. At the end, the study predicts the future growth of AAPI librarians will be slower compared to other minority groups, and the percentage of AAPI librarians among total credentialed librarians will become lower. pp. 111-129???????19 ??50 ???????????????????????????AAPI???????????1965 ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????600 ???????????91 ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????1999-2010 ?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????119-137

  7. Content analysis study of librarian blogs: Professional development and other uses

    OpenAIRE

    Jackson-Brown, Grace M.; Missouri State University

    2013-01-01

    A content analysis of leading librarian blogs shows how blogs are used for professional development, political advocacy for libraries, research and other information dissemination uses. An examination of blog posts, comments, and blogger responses to reader comments show major areas of interaction. Unstructured interviews with librarian bloggers illuminate how these bloggers view the role of their blogs now and into the future.

  8. Beyond Boomer Meets NextGen: Examining Mentoring Practices among Pennsylvania Academic Librarians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neyer, Linda; Yelinek, Kathryn

    2011-01-01

    A survey to assess mentoring experiences and attitudes towards work of Pennsylvania academic librarians was conducted in September 2006 with questions concerning mentoring experiences, work experiences, and attitudes towards work. Results of the survey are analyzed for differences among those librarians responding, especially generational…

  9. Commitment and Trust in Librarian-Faculty Relationships: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phelps, Sue F.; Campbell, Nicole

    2012-01-01

    Objective: The goal of this study was to examine the methodologies used to study librarian-faculty relationships and to use the Key Mediating Variable model (KMV) of The Trust and Commitment Theory of Relationship Marketing to assess the quality of the librarian-faculty relationship as it has been portrayed in the literature. Relationship…

  10. Librarians Working with Diverse Populations: What Impact Does Cultural Competency Training Have on Their Efforts?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mestre, Lori S.

    2010-01-01

    Only a small portion of librarians have been trained to lead efforts in diversity awareness and training. This study, consisting of surveys and interviews, explored diversity training of librarians and the impact that training has on their efforts to promote cultural competency at their libraries. (Contains 6 figures.)

  11. The Timing of the Research Question: First-Year Writing Faculty and Instruction Librarians' Differing Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nutefall, Jennifer E.; Ryder, Phyllis Mentzell

    2010-01-01

    Faculty and librarians agree on the qualities of a good research question. However, in an exploratory study, they differed on when students should develop their research question. While librarians stated that students should develop their question early, first-year writing faculty advocated for delaying the development of the research question.…

  12. Teaching, Designing, and Organizing: Concept Mapping for Librarians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    April Colosimo

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Concept maps are graphical representations of relationships among concepts that can be an effective tool for teaching, designing, and organizing information in a variety of library settings. First, concept mapping can be used wherever training or formal teaching occurs as a visual aid to explain complex ideas. They can also help learners articulate their understanding of a subject area when they create their own concept maps. When using concept mapping as a teaching tool, students may have a more meaningful learning experience when they add information to a concept map that is based on their current knowledge. Next, concept maps are an effective design tool for librarians who are planning projects. They can also serve as a reference point for project implementation and evaluation. The same is true for the design of courses, presentations, and library workshops. A concept map based on the content of a course, for example, is valuable when selecting learning outcomes and strategies for teaching and assessment. Finally, concept mapping can used as a method for capturing tacit or institutional knowledge through the creation and organization of ideas and resources. Librarians can collaborate on concept maps with each other or with non-librarian colleagues to facilitate communication. Resulting maps can be published online and link to documentation and relevant resources. This paper provides an overview of the literature related to concept mapping in libraries. Concrete applications and examples of concept mapping for teaching and learning, designing, and organizing in library settings are then elaborated. The authors draw from their own success and experience with different concept mapping methods and software programs.

  13. RSS made easy: a basic guide for librarians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Wendy G; Li, Jie

    2007-01-01

    Really Simple Syndication (RSS) uses extensive markup language (XML) to constantly scan the content of Web sites for updates, which will then be delivered to subscribers' desktops or mobile devices through an RSS feed. RSS helps professionals stay current while reducing workloads. Librarians need to get familiar with RSS to educate their users, to stay current in information technology, and to generate and disseminate selected information to target user groups. doi:10.1300/J115v26n01_04. PMID:17210548

  14. Analysis of a librarian-mediated literature search service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friesen, Carol; Lê, Mê-Linh; Cooke, Carol; Raynard, Melissa

    2015-01-01

    Librarian-mediated literature searching is a key service provided at medical libraries. This analysis outlines ten years of data on 19,248 literature searches and describes information on the volume and frequency of search requests, time spent per search, databases used, and professional designations of the patron requestors. Combined with information on best practices for expert searching and evaluations of similar services, these findings were used to form recommendations on the improvement and standardization of a literature search service at a large health library system. PMID:25611439

  15. Librarian-researcher cooperation with a liaison program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ekkebus, A.E.

    1985-01-01

    During the four years of the liaison program, changes that have resulted include an increase in levels of library activity especially literature searching (a 60% increase in three years), a willingness by researchers to make their information needs known, and the development of a responsive collection. Surveys of recipients of the literature searches have indicated high satisfaction of the search results. The liaison program encourages communication between the reference librarian and researcher and better enables the library to attain its objective of interpreting and meeting the information needs of its users.

  16. The Chicago Parent Program: comparing 1-year outcomes for African American and Latino parents of young children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breitenstein, Susan M; Gross, Deborah; Fogg, Louis; Ridge, Alison; Garvey, Christine; Julion, Wrenetha; Tucker, Sharon

    2012-10-01

    Data were merged from two prevention randomized trials testing 1-year outcomes of a parenting skills program, the Chicago Parent Program (CPP) and comparing its effects for African-American (n?=?291) versus Latino (n?=?213) parents and their preschool children. Compared to controls, intervention parents had improved self-efficacy, used less corporal punishment and more consistent discipline, and demonstrated more positive parenting. Intervention children had greater reductions in behavior problems based on parent-report, teacher-report, and observation. Although improvements from the CPP were evident for parents in both racial/ethnic groups, Latino parents reported greater improvements in their children's behavior and in parenting self-efficacy but exhibited greater decreases in praise. Findings support the efficacy of the CPP for African American and Latino parents and young children from low-income urban communities. PMID:22622598

  17. The librarian's role in an enrichment program for high school students interested in the health professions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossini, Beverly; Burnham, Judy; Wright, Andrea

    2013-01-01

    Librarians from the University of South Alabama Biomedical Library partnered to participate in a program that targets minority students interested in health care with instruction in information literacy. Librarians participate in the summer enrichment programs designed to encourage minority students to enter health care professions by enhancing their preparation. The curriculum developed by the Biomedical Library librarians is focused on developing information searching skills. Students indicated that the library segment helped them in their library research efforts and helped them make more effective use of available resources. Librarians involved report a sense of self-satisfaction as the program allows them to contribute to promoting greater diversity in health care professions. Participating in the summer enrichment program has been beneficial to the students and librarians. PMID:23394421

  18. Parent Expectations of Young Children in Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Troy E. Beckert

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated how 223 mothers and 200 fathers of 3- to 6-year-old children from Taiwan saw their child-rearing strengths and shortcomings. The Mandarin version of the Parent as a Teacher Inventory (PAAT was administered to each of the 423 subjects. This instrument is designed to examine five aspects of interaction between parent and child. Multivariate analyses of variance were applied to determine the significant effects of eight independent variables on the five PAAT subscales. The variables that significantly affected parent responses were (1 amount of time spent with a child, (2 household income, (3 parent education, and (4 gender of parent. The variable with the most impact was time spent with a child. Parents who spent 10 hours or more per week interacting with their child demonstrated greater strengths than peers who spent less time interacting with their child, as indicated on all subscales of the PAAT.

  19. Social Marketing and the School Library: An Effective Path to Collaboration? A Review of: Immroth, Barbara and W. Bernard Lukenbill. “Teacher-School Library Media Specialist Collaboration through Social Marketing Strategies: An Information Behavior Study.” School Library Media Research 10 (2007. 22 April 2008 .

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayle Bogel

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective – The study attempted to apply the strategies of social marketing theory to collaboration between school librarians andteachers. Design – Based on the 1972 theory of social marketing by Zaltman, Kotler and Kaufman, a cohort of students in a graduate-level practicum established a collaborative unit with selected teachers within their school. In addition, two focus groups were conducted in alternate schools to gauge the overall attitudes of teachers toward collaboration with school librarians.Subjects – Students (student librarians in a graduate-level certification class for Texas school librarians, and both teachers and librarians in host schools/districts for the graduate students’ practicum experiences Methods – Researchers used qualitative approaches, both case study and focus groups, to gather data about the collaborative interactions between teachers and school librarians. The interactions were designed using the social marketing AIDA model (Attention, Interest, Desire, and Action. Social marketing, based on models of commercial marketing, assumes that social goodwill is a motivator for establishing interactions between groups – or selling a service that is for the greater good. Students in a graduate-level practicum were instructed to develop a strategy based on the AIDA model to elicit and carry out a collaborative unit with teachers in their host schools. They were given specific guidelines by the principal investigators that included:• Instructions for designing announcements, leaflets, and conferences as marketing strategies • Instructional unit designs for subject content and information literacy skills• Incentive payments of $200 to be used for library resources as anincentive to collaborate.• The steps to engaging in the collaborative process • Procedural guidelines for taking field notes, unobtrusive observations and informal evidence.Summative evaluation was based on a reflective journaling exercise by both student librarian and teacher. Measurements and recordings were analysed using accepted case study methods.Main Results – Social Marketing Model The researchers evaluated the study in each of the four aspects of the Social Marketing Model.Attention (A – Gaining Attention and Convincing. Efforts to gain attention through student choices of flyers to teachers were not successful. E-mail announcements were more effective, but it appeared that direct librarian-teacher contact was the most effective. The monetary incentive also did not appear to have an effect on response rate. Host librarians did make suggestions regarding the appropriateness of when and how to distribute the flyers in some cases. Researchers concluded that perhaps such a straightforward advertising approach did not fit in the established relationships, and may be a better choice for new librarians who are establishing their presence in schools.Interest (I - Promoting Interest in Services and/or Products - Researchers noted that initial strategies did not promote interest in the field study project. Teachers cited time and test–related curriculum restraints, and viewed the project as an “extra” responsibility. The researchers note the need to establish the value of the collaborative instruction to long-term goals for both teachers and librarians. The focus groups showed more interest in collaboration, and an awareness of the value of librarians’ collaboration in promoting effective teaching and improving student achievement.Desire (D and Action (A – Recognizing Values and Taking Action. Field test responses did not reflect desire on the part of teachers to collaborate with student librarians. Only two teachers responded directly to the advertisement. The offer of monetary incentive ($200 in library supplies also did not appear to increase motivation of teachers to participate. Results after the field test showed that overall, teachers gained an appreciation of the value of collaboration with school librarians, and indicated they would be open to future projects. Action Process

  20. Discursividades sobre o bibliotecário / Discourses on the librarian

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gustavo Grandini, Bastos; Fernanda Correa Silveira, Galli; Lucília Maria Sousa, Romão.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Nosso objetivo, neste artigo, é pensar as discursividades que circulam sobre o bibliotecário, nos espaços denominados bibliotecas comunitárias, instituições informacionais de grande relevância cultural e social, que, muitas vezes, não contêm esse profissional no quadro de funcionários. Em nossas ref [...] lexões, temos o intuito de: i) apresentar uma breve discussão conceitual sobre essas bibliotecas, organizações que permitem inscrições discursivas tão particulares, principalmente em locais muito carentes de apoio informacional; e ii) realizar um trabalho de escuta dos sentidos que são discursivizados acerca do profissional bibliotecário, com base nos conceitos da análise do discurso (AD) de filiação pecheuxtiana. Abstract in english In this paper, think about the discourses that circulate in the space called the librarian community libraries, institutions of great informational social and cultural relevance, often don't contain this professional staff. In our reflections, we have the aim of: i) provide a brief conceptual discus [...] sion about these libraries, organizations that provide such specific discursive inscriptions, especially in very poor informational support, ii) perform a job of listening to the meanings that are concerning discourse professional librarian, based on the concepts of the French Discourse Analysis.